WorldWideScience
1

Ontology Alignment Architecture for Semantic Sensor Web Integration  

OpenAIRE

Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Sema...

Bernardo Alarcos; Ivan Marsa-Maestre; Susel Fernandez; Velasco, Juan R.

2013-01-01

2

Ontology Alignment Architecture for Semantic Sensor Web Integration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Semantic Sensor Web and has among its main features the use of ontologies. One of the key challenges of using ontologies in sensor networks is to provide mechanisms to integrate and exchange knowledge from heterogeneous sources (that is, dealing with semantic heterogeneity. Ontology alignment is the process of bringing ontologies into mutual agreement by the automatic discovery of mappings between related concepts. This paper presents a system for ontology alignment in the Semantic Sensor Web which uses fuzzy logic techniques to combine similarity measures between entities of different ontologies. The proposed approach focuses on two key elements: the terminological similarity, which takes into account the linguistic and semantic information of the context of the entity’s names, and the structural similarity, based on both the internal and relational structure of the concepts. This work has been validated using sensor network ontologies and the Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative (OAEI tests. The results show that the proposed techniques outperform previous approaches in terms of precision and recall.

Bernardo Alarcos

2013-09-01

3

Ontology alignment architecture for semantic sensor Web integration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Semantic Sensor Web and has among its main features the use of ontologies. One of the key challenges of using ontologies in sensor networks is to provide mechanisms to integrate and exchange knowledge from heterogeneous sources (that is, dealing with semantic heterogeneity). Ontology alignment is the process of bringing ontologies into mutual agreement by the automatic discovery of mappings between related concepts. This paper presents a system for ontology alignment in the Semantic Sensor Web which uses fuzzy logic techniques to combine similarity measures between entities of different ontologies. The proposed approach focuses on two key elements: the terminological similarity, which takes into account the linguistic and semantic information of the context of the entity's names, and the structural similarity, based on both the internal and relational structure of the concepts. This work has been validated using sensor network ontologies and the Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative (OAEI) tests. The results show that the proposed techniques outperform previous approaches in terms of precision and recall. PMID:24051523

Fernandez, Susel; Marsa-Maestre, Ivan; Velasco, Juan R; Alarcos, Bernardo

2013-01-01

4

Sensor Webs with a Service-Oriented Architecture for On-demand Science Products  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the work being managed by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Information System Division (ISD) under a NASA Earth Science Technology Ofice (ESTO) Advanced Information System Technology (AIST) grant to develop a modular sensor web architecture which enables discovery of sensors and workflows that can create customized science via a high-level service-oriented architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) web service standards. These capabilities serve as a prototype to a user-centric architecture for Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS). This work builds and extends previous sensor web efforts conducted at NASA/GSFC using the Earth Observing 1 (EO-1) satellite and other low-earth orbiting satellites.

Mandl, Daniel; Ungar, Stephen; Ames, Troy; Justice, Chris; Frye, Stuart; Chien, Steve; Tran, Daniel; Cappelaere, Patrice; Derezinsfi, Linda; Paules, Granville; Di, Liping; Kolitz, Stephan

2007-01-01

5

Objective Evaluation of Sensor Web Modeling and Data System Architectures  

Science.gov (United States)

We discuss the recent development of an end-to-end simulator designed to quantitatively assess the scientific value of incorporating model- and event-driven "sensor web" capabilities into future NASA Earth Science missions. The intent is to provide an objective analysis tool for performing engineering and scientific trade studies in which new technologies are introduced. In the case study presented here we focus on meteorological applications in which a numerical model is used to intelligently schedule data collection by space-based assets. Sensor web observing systems that enable dynamic targeting by various observing platforms have the potential to significantly improve our ability to monitor, understand, and predict the evolution of rapidly evolving, transient, or variable meteorological events. The use case focuses on landfalling hurricanes and was selected due to the obvious societal impact and the ongoing need to improve warning times. Although hurricane track prediction has improved over the past several decades, further improvement is necessary in the prediction of hurricane intensity. We selected a combination of future observing platforms to apply sensor web measurement techniques: global 3D lidar winds, next-generation scatterometer ocean vector winds, and high resolution cloud motion vectors from GOES-R. Targeting of the assets by a numerical model would allow the spacecraft to change its attitude by performing a roll maneuver to enable off-nadir measurements to be acquired. In this study, synthetic measurements were derived through Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) and enabled in part through the Dopplar Lidar Simulation Model developed by Simpson Weather Associates. We describe the capabilities of the simulator through three different sensor web configurations of the wind lidar: winds obtained from a nominal "survey mode" operation, winds obtained with a reduced duty cycle of the lidar (designed for preserving the life of the instrument), and winds obtained from targeting specific atmospheric features. We also discuss the lessons learned from the prototyping efforts to date and the ongoing challenges of implementing a robust, extensible mission simulation tool. Conceptual view of adaptive targeting with a future wind lidar

Seablom, M. S.; Atlas, R. M.; Ardizzone, J.; Kemp, E. M.; Talabac, S.

2013-12-01

6

A Web 2.0 and OGC Standards Enabled Sensor Web Architecture for Global Earth Observing System of Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper will describe the progress of a 3 year research award from the NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) that began October 1, 2006, in response to a NASA Announcement of Research Opportunity on the topic of sensor webs. The key goal of this research is to prototype an interoperable sensor architecture that will enable interoperability between a heterogeneous set of space-based, Unmanned Aerial System (UAS)-based and ground based sensors. Among the key capabilities being pursued is the ability to automatically discover and task the sensors via the Internet and to automatically discover and assemble the necessary science processing algorithms into workflows in order to transform the sensor data into valuable science products. Our first set of sensor web demonstrations will prototype science products useful in managing wildfires and will use such assets as the Earth Observing 1 spacecraft, managed out of NASA/GSFC, a UASbased instrument, managed out of Ames and some automated ground weather stations, managed by the Forest Service. Also, we are collaborating with some of the other ESTO awardees to expand this demonstration and create synergy between our research efforts. Finally, we are making use of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) suite of standards and some Web 2.0 capabilities to Beverage emerging technologies and standards. This research will demonstrate and validate a path for rapid, low cost sensor integration, which is not tied to a particular system, and thus be able to absorb new assets in an easily evolvable, coordinated manner. This in turn will help to facilitate the United States contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), as agreed by the U.S. and 60 other countries at the third Earth Observation Summit held in February of 2005.

Mandl, Daniel; Unger, Stephen; Ames, Troy; Frye, Stuart; Chien, Steve; Cappelaere, Pat; Tran, Danny; Derezinski, Linda; Paules, Granville

2007-01-01

7

Sensor web  

Science.gov (United States)

A Sensor Web formed of a number of different sensor pods. Each of the sensor pods include a clock which is synchronized with a master clock so that all of the sensor pods in the Web have a synchronized clock. The synchronization is carried out by first using a coarse synchronization which takes less power, and subsequently carrying out a fine synchronization to make a fine sync of all the pods on the Web. After the synchronization, the pods ping their neighbors to determine which pods are listening and responded, and then only listen during time slots corresponding to those pods which respond.

Delin, Kevin A. (Inventor); Jackson, Shannon P. (Inventor)

2011-01-01

8

GITEWS, an extensible and open integration platform for manifold sensor systems and processing components based on Sensor Web Enablement and the principles of Service Oriented Architectures  

Science.gov (United States)

The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) is a multifaceted system consisting of various sensor types like seismometers, sea level sensors or GPS stations, and processing components, all with their own system behavior and proprietary data structure. To operate a warning chain, beginning from measurements scaling up to warning products, all components have to interact in a correct way, both syntactically and semantically. Designing the system great emphasis was laid on conformity to the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) specification by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). The technical infrastructure, the so called Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) follows the blueprint of Service Oriented Architectures (SOA). The TSB is an integration concept (SWE) where functionality (observe, task, notify, alert, and process) is grouped around business processes (Monitoring, Decision Support, Sensor Management) and packaged as interoperable services (SAS, SOS, SPS, WNS). The benefits of using a flexible architecture together with SWE lead to an open integration platform: • accessing and controlling heterogeneous sensors in a uniform way (Functional Integration) • assigns functionality to distinct services (Separation of Concerns) • allows resilient relationship between systems (Loose Coupling) • integrates services so that they can be accessed from everywhere (Location Transparency) • enables infrastructures which integrate heterogeneous applications (Encapsulation) • allows combination of services (Orchestration) and data exchange within business processes Warning systems will evolve over time: New sensor types might be added, old sensors will be replaced and processing components will be improved. From a collection of few basic services it shall be possible to compose more complex functionality essential for specific warning systems. Given these requirements a flexible infrastructure is a prerequisite for sustainable systems and their architecture must be tailored for evolution. The use of well-known techniques and widely used open source software implementing industrial standards reduces the impact of service modifications allowing the evolution of a system as a whole. GITEWS implemented a solution to feed sensor raw data from any (remote) system into the infrastructure. Specific dispatchers enable plugging in sensor-type specific processing without changing the architecture. Client components don't need to be adjusted if new sensor-types or individuals are added to the system, because they access them via standardized services. One of the outstanding features of service-oriented architectures is the possibility to compose new services from existing ones. The so called orchestration, allows the definition of new warning processes which can be adapted easily to new requirements. This approach has following advantages: • With implementing SWE it is possible to establish the "detection" and integration of sensors via the internet. Thus a system of systems combining early warning functionality at different levels of detail is feasible. • Any institution could add both its own components as well as components from third parties if they are developed in conformance to SOA principles. In a federation an institution keeps the ownership of its data and decides which data are provided by a service and when. • A system can be deployed at minor costs as a core for own development at any institution and thus enabling autonomous early warning- or monitoring systems. The presentation covers both design and various instantiations (live demonstration) of the GITEWS architecture. Experiences concerning the design and complexity of SWE will be addressed in detail. A substantial amount of attention is laid on the techniques and methods of extending the architecture, adapting proprietary components to SWE services and encoding, and their orchestration in high level workflows and processes. Furthermore the potential of the architecture concerning adaptive behavior, collaboration across boundaries and semantic interoperab

Haener, Rainer; Waechter, Joachim; Fleischer, Jens; Herrnkind, Stefan; Schwarting, Herrmann

2010-05-01

9

Sensor system for web inspection  

Science.gov (United States)

A system for electrically measuring variations over a flexible web has a capacitive sensor including spaced electrically conductive, transmit and receive electrodes mounted on a flexible substrate. The sensor is held against a flexible web with sufficient force to deflect the path of the web, which moves relative to the sensor.

Sleefe, Gerard E. (1 Snowcap Ct., Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Rudnick, Thomas J. (626 E. Jackson Rd., St. Louis, MO 63119); Novak, James L. (11048 Malaguena La. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111)

2002-01-01

10

Open-source Peer-to-Peer Environment to Enable Sensor Web Architecture: Application to Geomagnetic Observations and Modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

A flexible, dynamic, and reliable secure peer-to-peer (P2P) communication environment is under development at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Popular open-source P2P software technology provides a self- organizing, self-healing ad hoc "virtual network overlay" protocol-suite. The current effort builds a proof-of-concept geomagnetic Sensor Web upon this foundation. Our long-term objective is to enable an evolution of many types of distributed Earth system sensors and related processing/storage components into elements of an operational Sensor Web via integration into this P2P Environment. In general, the Environment distributes data communication tasks among the sensors (viewed as peers, each assigned a peer-role) and controls the flow of data. This work encompasses dynamic discovery, monitoring, control, and configuration as well as autonomous operations, real-time modeling and data processing, and secure ubiquitous communications. We currently restrict our communications to be within the secure GSFC network environment, and have integrated "simulated" (via historical data) geomagnetic sensors. Each remote sensor has operating modes to manage (from remote interfaces) and is designed to have features nearly indistinguishable from a live magnetometer. We have implemented basic identity management features (organized around GSFC identity-management practices); providing mechanisms which restrict data-serving privileges to authorized users, and which allow improved trust and accountability among users of the Environment. Data-serving peers digitally "sign" their services, and their data-browsing counterparts will only accept the products of services whose signature (and hence identity) can be verified. The current usage scenario involves modeling-peers, which operate within the same Environment as the sensors and also have operating modes to remotely manage, portraying a near-real- time global representation of geomagnetic activity from dynamic sensor-reported values. Remote "browsing" peers access these modeling-run results within the Environment, but also have the option to access the sensors directly. We expect that this preparatory work will benefit the LWS/Geospace program, as real-time geomagnetic observations are relevant to Sun-Earth Connection studies.

Holland, M.; Pulkkinen, A.

2007-12-01

11

Autonomous Mission Operations for Sensor Webs  

Science.gov (United States)

We present interim results of a 2005 ROSES AIST project entitled, "Using Intelligent Agents to Form a Sensor Web for Autonomous Mission Operations", or SWAMO. The goal of the SWAMO project is to shift the control of spacecraft missions from a ground-based, centrally controlled architecture to a collaborative, distributed set of intelligent agents. The network of intelligent agents intends to reduce management requirements by utilizing model-based system prediction and autonomic model/agent collaboration. SWAMO agents are distributed throughout the Sensor Web environment, which may include multiple spacecraft, aircraft, ground systems, and ocean systems, as well as manned operations centers. The agents monitor and manage sensor platforms, Earth sensing systems, and Earth sensing models and processes. The SWAMO agents form a Sensor Web of agents via peer-to-peer coordination. Some of the intelligent agents are mobile and able to traverse between on-orbit and ground-based systems. Other agents in the network are responsible for encapsulating system models to perform prediction of future behavior of the modeled subsystems and components to which they are assigned. The software agents use semantic web technologies to enable improved information sharing among the operational entities of the Sensor Web. The semantics include ontological conceptualizations of the Sensor Web environment, plus conceptualizations of the SWAMO agents themselves. By conceptualizations of the agents, we mean knowledge of their state, operational capabilities, current operational capacities, Web Service search and discovery results, agent collaboration rules, etc. The need for ontological conceptualizations over the agents is to enable autonomous and autonomic operations of the Sensor Web. The SWAMO ontology enables automated decision making and responses to the dynamic Sensor Web environment and to end user science requests. The current ontology is compatible with Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) Sensor Model Language (SensorML) concepts and structures. The agents are currently deployed on the U.S. Naval Academy MidSTAR-1 satellite and are actively managing the power subsystem on-orbit without the need for human intervention.

Underbrink, A.; Witt, K.; Stanley, J.; Mandl, D.

2008-12-01

12

WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.. This work presents a novel solution (WebTag for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm.

Juan Jose Echevarria

2012-06-01

13

WebTag: Web browsing into sensor tags over NFC.  

Science.gov (United States)

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.). This work presents a novel solution (WebTag) for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm. PMID:23012511

Echevarria, Juan Jose; Ruiz-de-Garibay, Jonathan; Legarda, Jon; Alvarez, Maite; Ayerbe, Ana; Vazquez, Juan Ignacio

2012-01-01

14

A Ubiquitous Sensor Network Platform for Integrating Smart Devices into the Semantic Sensor Web  

OpenAIRE

Ongoing Sensor Web developments make a growing amount of heterogeneous sensor data available to smart devices. This is generating an increasing demand for homogeneous mechanisms to access, publish and share real-world information. This paper discusses, first, an architectural solution based on Next Generation Networks: a pilot Telco Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN) Platform that embeds several OGC® Sensor Web services. This platform has already been deployed in large scale projects. Second, t...

David Díaz Pardo de Vera; Álvaro Sigüenza Izquierdo; Jesús Bernat Vercher; Luis Alfonso Hernández Gómez

2014-01-01

15

Research of marine sensor web based on SOA and EDA  

Science.gov (United States)

A great deal of ocean sensor observation data exists, for a wide range of marine disciplines, derived from in situ and remote observing platforms, in real-time, near-real-time and delayed mode. Ocean monitoring is routinely completed using sensors and instruments. Standardization is the key requirement for exchanging information about ocean sensors and sensor data and for comparing and combining information from different sensor networks. One or more sensors are often physically integrated into a single ocean `instrument' device, which often brings in many challenges related to diverse sensor data formats, parameters units, different spatiotemporal resolution, application domains, data quality and sensors protocols. To face these challenges requires the standardization efforts aiming at facilitating the so-called Sensor Web, which making it easy to provide public access to sensor data and metadata information. In this paper, a Marine Sensor Web, based on SOA and EDA and integrating the MBARI's PUCK protocol, IEEE 1451 and OGC SWE 2.0, is illustrated with a five-layer architecture. The Web Service layer and Event Process layer are illustrated in detail with an actual example. The demo study has demonstrated that a standard-based system can be built to access sensors and marine instruments distributed globally using common Web browsers for monitoring the environment and oceanic conditions besides marine sensor data on the Web, this framework of Marine Sensor Web can also play an important role in many other domains' information integration.

Jiang, Yongguo; Dou, Jinfeng; Guo, Zhongwen; Hu, Keyong

2015-04-01

16

Discovery Mechanisms for the Sensor Web  

OpenAIRE

This paper addresses the discovery of sensors within the OGC Sensor Web Enablement framework. Whereas services like the OGC Web Map Service or Web Coverage Service are already well supported through catalogue services, the field of sensor networks and the according discovery mechanisms is still a challenge. The focus within this article will be on the use of existing OGC Sensor Web components for realizing a discovery solution. After discussing the requirements for a Sensor Web discovery mech...

Christoph Stasch; Arne Bröring; Simon Jirka

2009-01-01

17

Web Service Architecture for e-Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Message-based Web Service architecture provides a unified approach to applications and Web Services that incorporates the flexibility of messaging and distributed components. We propose SMMV and MMMV collaboration as the general architecture of collaboration based on a Web service model, which accommodates both instructor-led learning and participatory learning. This approach derives from our message-based Model-View-Controller (M-MVC architecture of Web applications, comprises an event-driven Publish/Subscribe scheme, and provides effective collaboration with high interactivity of rich Web content for diverse clients over heterogeneous network environments.

Xiaohong Qiu

2005-10-01

18

Multi-Sensor Architectures  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The use of multiple sensors typically requires the fusion of data from different type of sensors. The combined use of such a data has the potential to give an efficient, high quality and reliable estimation. Input data from different sensors allows the introduction of target attributes (target type, size) into the association logic. This requires a more general association logic, in which both the physical position parameters and the target attributes can be used simultaneously. Although, the data fusion from a number of sensors could provide better and reliable estimation but abundance of information is to be handled. Therefore, more extensive computer resources are needed for such a system. The parallel processing technique could be an alternative for such a system. The main objective of this research is to provide a real time task allocation strategy for data processing using multiple processing units for same type of multiple sensors, typically radar in our case.

Hussain, Dil Muhammad Akbar; Ahmed, Zaki

2012-01-01

19

Five Challenges for the Semantic Sensor Web  

OpenAIRE

The combination of sensor networks with the Web, web services and database technologies, was named some years ago as the Sensor Web or the Sensor Internet. Most efforts in this area focused on the provision of platforms that could be used to build sensor-based applications more efficiently, considering some of the most important challenges in sensor-based data management and sensor network configuration. The introduction of semantics into these platforms provides the opportunity of going a st...

Corcho, O?scar; Garci?a-castro, Rau?l

2010-01-01

20

Sensor Network Architectures for Monitoring Underwater Pipelines  

OpenAIRE

This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (Radio Frequency) wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network...

Imad Jawhar; Jameela Al-Jaroodi; Nader Mohamed; Liren Zhang

2011-01-01

21

Architectural patterns regarding web application domain usability  

OpenAIRE

Usability is one of the quality characteristics having the greatest impact on final user acceptation in a web application context. However, the relationship between usability and software architecture has not been completely identified and characterised. Some work has found some relationships between usability and architecture but not between architectural patterns. This paper’s main contribution lies in its identification of architecture patterns and how they have influenced usabil...

José Luis Arciniegas Herrera; María Verónica Fernández de Valdenebro; María Amparo Hormiga Juspian; Aleyda Tulande Arroyo; César Alberto Collazos Ordóñez

2010-01-01

22

A semantic sensor web for environmental decision support applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sensing devices are increasingly being deployed to monitor the physical world around us. One class of application for which sensor data is pertinent is environmental decision support systems, e.g., flood emergency response. For these applications, the sensor readings need to be put in context by integrating them with other sources of data about the surrounding environment. Traditional systems for predicting and detecting floods rely on methods that need significant human resources. In this paper we describe a semantic sensor web architecture for integrating multiple heterogeneous datasets, including live and historic sensor data, databases, and map layers. The architecture provides mechanisms for discovering datasets, defining integrated views over them, continuously receiving data in real-time, and visualising on screen and interacting with the data. Our approach makes extensive use of web service standards for querying and accessing data, and semantic technologies to discover and integrate datasets. We demonstrate the use of our semantic sensor web architecture in the context of a flood response planning web application that uses data from sensor networks monitoring the sea-state around the coast of England. PMID:22164110

Gray, Alasdair J G; Sadler, Jason; Kit, Oles; Kyzirakos, Kostis; Karpathiotakis, Manos; Calbimonte, Jean-Paul; Page, Kevin; García-Castro, Raúl; Frazer, Alex; Galpin, Ixent; Fernandes, Alvaro A A; Paton, Norman W; Corcho, Oscar; Koubarakis, Manolis; De Roure, David; Martinez, Kirk; Gómez-Pérez, Asunción

2011-01-01

23

A Semantic Sensor Web for Environmental Decision Support Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sensing devices are increasingly being deployed to monitor the physical world around us. One class of application for which sensor data is pertinent is environmental decision support systems, e.g., flood emergency response. For these applications, the sensor readings need to be put in context by integrating them with other sources of data about the surrounding environment. Traditional systems for predicting and detecting floods rely on methods that need significant human resources. In this paper we describe a semantic sensor web architecture for integrating multiple heterogeneous datasets, including live and historic sensor data, databases, and map layers. The architecture provides mechanisms for discovering datasets, defining integrated views over them, continuously receiving data in real-time, and visualising on screen and interacting with the data. Our approach makes extensive use of web service standards for querying and accessing data, and semantic technologies to discover and integrate datasets. We demonstrate the use of our semantic sensor web architecture in the context of a flood response planning web application that uses data from sensor networks monitoring the sea-state around the coast of England.

Raúl García-Castro

2011-09-01

24

Data Architecture for Sensor Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fast development of hardware in recent years leads to the high availability of simple sensing devices at minimal cost. As a consequence, there is many of sensor networks nowadays. These networks can continuously produce a large amount of observed data including the location of measurement. Optimal data architecture for such propose is a challenging issue due to its large scale and spatio-temporal nature.  The aim of this paper is to describe data architecture that was used in a particular solution for storage of sensor data. This solution is based on relation data model – concretely PostgreSQL and PostGIS. We will mention out experience from real world projects focused on car monitoring and project targeted on agriculture sensor networks. We will also shortly demonstrate the possibilities of client side API and the potential of other open source libraries that can be used for cartographic visualization (e.g. GeoServer. The main objective is to describe the strength and weakness of usage of relation database system for such propose and to introduce also alternative approaches based on NoSQL concept.

Jan Ježek

2012-03-01

25

Discovery mechanisms for the sensor web.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper addresses the discovery of sensors within the OGC Sensor Web Enablement framework. Whereas services like the OGC Web Map Service or Web Coverage Service are already well supported through catalogue services, the field of sensor networks and the according discovery mechanisms is still a challenge. The focus within this article will be on the use of existing OGC Sensor Web components for realizing a discovery solution. After discussing the requirements for a Sensor Web discovery mechanism, an approach will be presented that was developed within the EU funded project "OSIRIS". This solution offers mechanisms to search for sensors, exploit basic semantic relationships, harvest sensor metadata and integrate sensor discovery into already existing catalogues. PMID:22574038

Jirka, Simon; Bröring, Arne; Stasch, Christoph

2009-01-01

26

Discovery Mechanisms for the Sensor Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper addresses the discovery of sensors within the OGC Sensor Web Enablement framework. Whereas services like the OGC Web Map Service or Web Coverage Service are already well supported through catalogue services, the field of sensor networks and the according discovery mechanisms is still a challenge. The focus within this article will be on the use of existing OGC Sensor Web components for realizing a discovery solution. After discussing the requirements for a Sensor Web discovery mechanism, an approach will be presented that was developed within the EU funded project “OSIRIS”. This solution offers mechanisms to search for sensors, exploit basic semantic relationships, harvest sensor metadata and integrate sensor discovery into already existing catalogues.

Christoph Stasch

2009-04-01

27

Wireless Sensor Network Architectures for Different Systems  

OpenAIRE

Recent technological advances enabled the design andproliferation of wireless sensor networks capable ofautonomously monitoring and controlling environments. Oneof the most promising applications of sensor networks is forhuman health monitoring. The wireless body area networkspromise to revolutionize health monitoring. Within a smartbuilding many sensors and actuators are interconnected to forma control system. Here a web services-based approach tointegrate resource constrained sensor and act...

Sanjeev Narayan Bal

2012-01-01

28

A machine-to-machine architecture to merge semantic sensor measurements  

OpenAIRE

The emerging eld Machine-to-Machine (M2M) enables machines to communicate with each other without human intervention. Existing semantic sensor networks are domainspeci c and add semantics to the context. We design a Machine-to-Machine (M2M) architecture to merge heterogeneous sensor networks and we propose to add semantics to the measured data rather than to the context. This architecture enables to: (1) get sensor measurements, (2) enrich sensor measurements with semantic web technologies, d...

Gyrard, Amelie; Bonnet, Christian; Boudaoud, Karima

2013-01-01

29

Sensor network architectures for monitoring underwater pipelines.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (radio frequency) wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network architectures. The reliability evaluation, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages among these architectures are discussed and compared. Three reliability factors are used for the discussion and comparison: the network connectivity, the continuity of power supply for the network, and the physical network security. In addition, the paper also develops and evaluates a hierarchical sensor network framework for underwater pipeline monitoring. PMID:22346669

Mohamed, Nader; Jawhar, Imad; Al-Jaroodi, Jameela; Zhang, Liren

2011-01-01

30

Sensor Network Architectures for Monitoring Underwater Pipelines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (Radio Frequency wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network architectures. The reliability evaluation, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages among these architectures are discussed and compared. Three reliability factors are used for the discussion and comparison: the network connectivity, the continuity of power supply for the network, and the physical network security. In addition, the paper also develops and evaluates a hierarchical sensor network framework for underwater pipeline monitoring.

Imad Jawhar

2011-11-01

31

Semantically-Enabled Sensor Plug & Play for the Sensor Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Environmental sensors have continuously improved by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent over the past years. As consequence of these technological advancements, sensors are increasingly deployed to monitor our environment. The large variety of available sensor types with often incompatible protocols complicates the integration of sensors into observing systems. The standardized Web service interfaces and data encodings defined within OGC’s Sensor Web Enablement (SWE framework make sensors available over the Web and hide the heterogeneous sensor protocols from applications. So far, the SWE framework does not describe how to integrate sensors on-the-fly with minimal human intervention. The driver software which enables access to sensors has to be implemented and the measured sensor data has to be manually mapped to the SWE models. In this article we introduce a Sensor Plug & Play infrastructure for the Sensor Web by combining (1 semantic matchmaking functionality, (2 a publish/subscribe mechanism underlying the SensorWeb, as well as (3 a model for the declarative description of sensor interfaces which serves as a generic driver mechanism. We implement and evaluate our approach by applying it to an oil spill scenario. The matchmaking is realized using existing ontologies and reasoning engines and provides a strong case for the semantic integration capabilities provided by Semantic Web research.

Daniel Nüst

2011-08-01

32

Video Sensor Architecture for Surveillance Applications  

OpenAIRE

This paper introduces a flexible hardware and software architecture for a smart video sensor. This sensor has been applied in a video surveillance application where some of these video sensors are deployed, constituting the sensory nodes of a distributed surveillance system. In this system, a video sensor node processes images locally in order to extract objects of interest, and classify them. The sensor node reports the processing results to other nodes in the cloud (a user or higher level s...

Simo?, Jose? E.; Jordi Sánchez; Ginés Benet

2012-01-01

33

Service Oriented Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks in Agriculture  

Science.gov (United States)

Rapid advances in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for agricultural applications has provided a platform for better decision making for crop planning and management, particularly in precision agriculture aspects. Due to the ever-increasing spread of WSNs there is a need for standards, i.e. a set of specifications and encodings to bring multiple sensor networks on common platform. Distributed sensor systems when brought together can facilitate better decision making in agricultural domain. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) through Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) provides guidelines for semantic and syntactic standardization of sensor networks. In this work two distributed sensing systems (Agrisens and FieldServer) were selected to implement OGC SWE standards through a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) approach. Online interoperable data processing was developed through SWE components such as Sensor Model Language (SensorML) and Sensor Observation Service (SOS). An integrated web client was developed to visualize the sensor observations and measurements that enables the retrieval of crop water resources availability and requirements in a systematic manner for both the sensing devices. Further, the client has also the ability to operate in an interoperable manner with any other OGC standardized WSN systems. The study of WSN systems has shown that there is need to augment the operations / processing capabilities of SOS in order to understand about collected sensor data and implement the modelling services. Also, the very low cost availability of WSN systems in future, it is possible to implement the OGC standardized SWE framework for agricultural applications with open source software tools.

Sawant, S. A.; Adinarayana, J.; Durbha, S. S.; Tripathy, A. K.; Sudharsan, D.

2012-08-01

34

Hybrid architecture for building secure sensor networks  

Science.gov (United States)

Sensor networks have various communication and security architectural concerns. Three approaches are defined to address these concerns for sensor networks. The first area is the utilization of new computing architectures that leverage embedded virtualization software on the sensor. Deploying a small, embedded virtualization operating system on the sensor nodes that is designed to communicate to low-cost cloud computing infrastructure in the network is the foundation to delivering low-cost, secure sensor networks. The second area focuses on securing the sensor. Sensor security components include developing an identification scheme, and leveraging authentication algorithms and protocols that address security assurance within the physical, communication network, and application layers. This function will primarily be accomplished through encrypting the communication channel and integrating sensor network firewall and intrusion detection/prevention components to the sensor network architecture. Hence, sensor networks will be able to maintain high levels of security. The third area addresses the real-time and high priority nature of the data that sensor networks collect. This function requires that a quality-of-service (QoS) definition and algorithm be developed for delivering the right data at the right time. A hybrid architecture is proposed that combines software and hardware features to handle network traffic with diverse QoS requirements.

Owens, Ken R., Jr.; Watkins, Steve E.

2012-04-01

35

A ubiquitous sensor network platform for integrating smart devices into the semantic sensor web.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ongoing Sensor Web developments make a growing amount of heterogeneous sensor data available to smart devices. This is generating an increasing demand for homogeneous mechanisms to access, publish and share real-world information. This paper discusses, first, an architectural solution based on Next Generation Networks: a pilot Telco Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN) Platform that embeds several OGC® Sensor Web services. This platform has already been deployed in large scale projects. Second, the USN-Platform is extended to explore a first approach to Semantic Sensor Web principles and technologies, so that smart devices can access Sensor Web data, allowing them also to share richer (semantically interpreted) information. An experimental scenario is presented: a smart car that consumes and produces real-world information which is integrated into the Semantic Sensor Web through a Telco USN-Platform. Performance tests revealed that observation publishing times with our experimental system were well within limits compatible with the adequate operation of smart safety assistance systems in vehicles. On the other hand, response times for complex queries on large repositories may be inappropriate for rapid reaction needs. PMID:24945678

de Vera, David Díaz Pardo; Izquierdo, Alvaro Sigüenza; Vercher, Jesús Bernat; Hernández Gómez, Luis Alfonso

2014-01-01

36

A Ubiquitous Sensor Network Platform for Integrating Smart Devices into the Semantic Sensor Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ongoing Sensor Web developments make a growing amount of heterogeneous sensor data available to smart devices. This is generating an increasing demand for homogeneous mechanisms to access, publish and share real-world information. This paper discusses, first, an architectural solution based on Next Generation Networks: a pilot Telco Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN Platform that embeds several OGC® Sensor Web services. This platform has already been deployed in large scale projects. Second, the USN-Platform is extended to explore a first approach to Semantic Sensor Web principles and technologies, so that smart devices can access Sensor Web data, allowing them also to share richer (semantically interpreted information. An experimental scenario is presented: a smart car that consumes and produces real-world information which is integrated into the Semantic Sensor Web through a Telco USN-Platform. Performance tests revealed that observation publishing times with our experimental system were well within limits compatible with the adequate operation of smart safety assistance systems in vehicles. On the other hand, response times for complex queries on large repositories may be inappropriate for rapid reaction needs.

David Díaz Pardo de Vera

2014-06-01

37

Views from the coalface : chemo-sensors, sensor networks and the semantic sensor web  

OpenAIRE

Currently millions of sensors are being deployed in sensor networks across the world. These networks generate vast quantities of heterogeneous data across various levels of spatial and temporal granularity. Sensors range from single-point in situ sensors to remote satellite sensors which can cover the globe. The semantic sensor web in principle should allow for the unification of the web with the real-word. In this position paper, we discuss the major challenges to this unification from the p...

Hayes, Jer; O Connor, Edel; Cleary, John; Kolar, H. R.; Mccarthy, Robert; Tynan, Richard; O Hare, G. M. P.; Smeaton, Alan F.; O Connor, Noel E.; Diamond, Dermot

2009-01-01

38

Views from the coalface: chemo-sensors, sensor networks and the semantic sensor web  

OpenAIRE

Currently millions of sensors are being deployed in sensor networks across the world. These networks generate vast quantities of heterogeneous data across various levels of spatial and temporal granularity. Sensors range from single-point in situ sensors to remote satellite sensors which can cover the globe. The semantic sensor web in principle should allow for the unification of the web with the real-word. In this position paper, we discuss the major challenges to this unification from the p...

Hayes, Jer; O Connor, Edel; Cleary, John; Kolar, Harry; Mccarthy, Robert; Tynan, Richard; O Hare, Gregory M. P.; Smeaton, Alan F.; O Connor, Noel E.; Diamond, Dermot

2009-01-01

39

Secure Architecture Evaluation for Agent Based Web Service Discovery  

OpenAIRE

Web Services can be published, discovered and invoked over the web. Web Services can be implemented in any available technology but they are accessible through a standard protocol. With web services being accepted and deployed in both research and industrial areas, the security related issues become important. In this paper, architecture evaluated for web service on negotiating a mutually acceptable security policy based on web service description language to both consumer and provider [1]. I...

Prasath, V.; Baskarane, R.; Savaridassan, P.

2010-01-01

40

A Survey of Wireless Sensor Network Architectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A wireless sensor network (WSN consists of spatially distributed autonomous sensors that cooperativelymonitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion,or pollutants, at different locations. Recent advances in low-power highly-integrated electronics,advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS, rapid growth in the type and quality of availablesensors, and progress in communication have allowed WSNs to achieve an unprecedented growth incommercial, industrial and military applications. In order to better understand WSNs, we look at theirnetwork architectures. In this survey, we classify existing WSN architectures into specific groups basedon WSN behaviour and data flow characteristics. Existing architectures are described and presentedalong with their advantages and disadvantages. The existing architectures are also evaluated in terms ofmost common WSN performance parameters such as network lifetime, latency, reliability, quality ofservice (QoS, fidelity, scalability, modularity, and ease of deployment.

Almir Davis

2013-01-01

41

WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC  

OpenAIRE

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based...

Juan Jose Echevarria; Jonathan Ruiz-de-Garibay; Jon Legarda; Maite Álvarez; Ana Ayerbe; Juan Ignacio Vazquez

2012-01-01

42

A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler with Focused Web Crawler?  

OpenAIRE

This Paper described A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler withFocused Web Crawler. We enumerate the major components of any Scalable and Focused Web Crawler anddescribe the particular components used in this Novel Architecture. We also describe this Novel Architecturesupport for Extensibility and downloaded user’s support information. We also describe how the Focused WebCrawler component integrates with Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler and also de...

Sarnam Singh; Nidhi Tyagi?

2013-01-01

43

UTILIZATION OF WEB SERVICES FOR SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rapid evolution of software architectures has become nowadays trend, in which distributed processing has proven highly efficient. Multiple architectures for distributed processing are available based on object oriented and component oriented concepts having their own advantages and limitations. The main aspect of developing the consistent architectural framework is to reduce the development cost of IT solutions and to integrate the business partners and customers with various capabilities with a clear vision in a easily manageable, quick and reusable fashion. Service Oriented Architecture is architecture, which is independent from any certain technology. The opening section of the paper highlights limitations of current software architectures as well as it focuses on need of Service Oriented Architecture by emphasizing various architectural aspects including role of service. The second section presents the characteristics of Web Services with their advantages. It also shows that how Web Services fulfill the requirement of frequently changing needs of business industries by implementing Service Oriented Architecture. The last section of the paper presents the application of Web Services in implementing Service Oriented Architecture. A prototype example of Web Service is developed to show the efficiency of the proposed approach. Keywords: Service Oriented Architecture, Service, Web Service, and WSDL.

Kunjal B. Mankad

2010-09-01

44

A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler with Focused Web Crawler?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This Paper described A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler withFocused Web Crawler. We enumerate the major components of any Scalable and Focused Web Crawler anddescribe the particular components used in this Novel Architecture. We also describe this Novel Architecturesupport for Extensibility and downloaded user’s support information. We also describe how the Focused WebCrawler component integrates with Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler and also describe theirfunctionality of every component and how to work together. We also describe how this Novel Architecturedownloaded maximum pages from web in minimum time and sure partially extract web pages which isneeded to users.

Sarnam Singh

2013-06-01

45

A Power Saving Architecture for Web Access from Mobile Computers  

OpenAIRE

This work proposes new power-saving strategies for mobile access to the Web. User mobility is a key factor in the evolution of Web services. Unfortunately, the legacy approach for Web access is very inefficient when applied to mobile users. One of the critical issues is the inefficient usage of energetic resources when adopting the legacy TCP/IP architecture for Web access from mobile devices. In this paper we address this problem by proposing a new architecture,namely PS-Web, which works at ...

Conti, Marco; Gregori, Enrico; Passarella, Andrea

2002-01-01

46

Semantic Web on Scope: A New Architectural Model for the Semantic Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem Statement: Current web contains billions of documents and has many administrative problems and limitations; in addition to that the web content is still accessible only to humans. The solution to these problems is the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is considered to be the extension for the current web. But there are problems facing the Semantic Web now, such as there is no clear architecture for it, there are four versions created by Tim Berners-Lee, but still up to now there is no agreement for one of these visions nor is there a clear picture for the relation between different layers inside this architecture and the associated technologies. The objectives of this study were to: (i Identify the weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures and (ii Reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses. Approach: This research uses the Qualitative Analysis Approach of Taylor and Renner, presents the four versions of the Semantic Web architecture, describing the function(s and status of each layer and associated technologies, evaluates them using Gerber evaluation method and determines other design principles needed to modify and adapt this architecture as a step toward an agreement for one Semantic Web architecture. Results: The design of a new model for the Semantic Web architecture depends on the idea of previous versions. Conclusion: As a step toward a unified architecture for the Semantic Web, our study of the Semantic Web architecture highlighted some weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures, modify, adapt and reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses.

Haytham T. Al-Feel

2008-01-01

47

Wireless Sensor Network Architectures for Different Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent technological advances enabled the design andproliferation of wireless sensor networks capable ofautonomously monitoring and controlling environments. Oneof the most promising applications of sensor networks is forhuman health monitoring. The wireless body area networkspromise to revolutionize health monitoring. Within a smartbuilding many sensors and actuators are interconnected to forma control system. Here a web services-based approach tointegrate resource constrained sensor and actuator nodes intoIP-based networks. A key feature of this approach is itscapability for automatic service discovery. IntelligentVehicular Systems (IVSs emerged as a potential candidate forbenefiting from the unique features and capabilities of WSNs.In IVSs, transportation infrastructure is supported with theingenious achievements of computer and informationtechnology to resolve severe situations like traffic congestionand cope with emergency conditions like major accidents.

Sanjeev Narayan Bal

2012-08-01

48

Sharing Human-Generated Observations by Integrating HMI and the Semantic Sensor Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Current “Internet of Things” concepts point to a future where connected objects gather meaningful information about their environment and share it with other objects and people. In particular, objects embedding Human Machine Interaction (HMI, such as mobile devices and, increasingly, connected vehicles, home appliances, urban interactive infrastructures, etc., may not only be conceived as sources of sensor information, but, through interaction with their users, they can also produce highly valuable context-aware human-generated observations. We believe that the great promise offered by combining and sharing all of the different sources of information available can be realized through the integration of HMI and Semantic Sensor Web technologies. This paper presents a technological framework that harmonizes two of the most influential HMI and Sensor Web initiatives: the W3C’s Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces (MMI and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC Sensor Web Enablement (SWE with its semantic extension, respectively. Although the proposed framework is general enough to be applied in a variety of connected objects integrating HMI, a particular development is presented for a connected car scenario where drivers’ observations about the traffic or their environment are shared across the Semantic Sensor Web. For implementation and evaluation purposes an on-board OSGi (Open Services Gateway Initiative architecture was built, integrating several available HMI, Sensor Web and Semantic Web technologies. A technical performance test and a conceptual validation of the scenario with potential users are reported, with results suggesting the approach is sound.

David Conejero

2012-05-01

49

A conceptual architecture for semantic web services development and deployment  

OpenAIRE

Several extensions of the Web Services Framework (WSF) have been proposed. The combination with Semantic Web technologies introduces a notion of semantics, which can enhance scalability through automation. Service composition to processes is an equally important issue. Ontology technology – the core of the Semantic Web – can be the central building block of an extension endeavour. We present a conceptual architecture for ontology-based Web service development and deployment. The developme...

Pahl, Claus

2005-01-01

50

Visual Architecture based Web Information Extraction  

OpenAIRE

The World Wide Web has more online web database which can be searched through their web query interface. Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages. Extracting structured data from deep Web pages is a challenging task due to the underlying complicate structures of such pages. Until now, a large number of techniques have been proposed to address this problem, but all of them have inherent l...

Oswalt Manoj, S.

2011-01-01

51

DESIGNING DEPENDABLE AGILE LAYERED WEB SERVICES SECURITY ARCHITECTURE SOLUTIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Service Orientation Engineering (SOE (using Web Services and Agile modeling software development presents promising solutions for contemporary software development projects to deal effectively withchallenges in increasingly turbulent business environments typified by unpredictable markets, changing customer requirements, pressures of even shorter time to deliver, and rapidly advancing informationtechnologies. Web Services Security Architectures have three layers, as provided by NIST standard: Web Service Layer, Web Services Framework Layer (.NET or J2EE, and Web Server Layer. In services oriented web services architecture, business processes are executed as a composition of services, which can suffer from vulnerabilities pertaining to secure data access and protecting code of Web Services. The goal of the Web services security architecture is to summary out the details of message-level security from the mainstream business logic, with a focus on Web Service contract design and versioning for SOA. Service oriented web services architectures impose additional analysis complexity as they provide much flexibility and frequentchanges with in orchestrated processes and services. In this paper, we discuss about developing dependable solutions for Web Services Security Architectures using Agile Layered security architectures in terms of Privacy requirements. All this research is motivated by Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design research domain. We initially validate this by a BPEL Editor using GWT for RBAC and Privacy. Finally a real world case study is implemented using J2EE, for validating our approach. Secure Stock Exchange System using Web Services is to automate the stock exchange works, and can help user make the decisions when it comes to investment.

M.UPENDRA KUMAR

2011-06-01

52

WebSpy: An Architecture for Monitoring Web Server Availability in a Multi-Platform Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For an electronic business (e-business, customer satisfaction can be the difference between long-term success and short-term failure. Customer satisfaction is highly impacted by Web server availability, as customers expect a Web site to be available twenty-four hours a day and seven days a week. Unfortunately, unscheduled Web server downtime is often beyond the control of the organization. What is needed is an effective means of identifying and recovering from Web server downtime in order to minimize the negative impact on the customer. An automated architecture, called WebSpy, has been developed to notify administration and to take immediate action when Web server downtime is detected. This paper describes the WebSpy architecture and differentiates it from other popular Web monitoring tools. The results of a case study are presented as a means of demonstrating WebSpy's effectiveness in monitoring Web server availability.

Madhan Mohan Thirukonda

2002-01-01

53

An Access Control Metamodel for Web Service-Oriented Architecture  

OpenAIRE

With the mutual consent to use WSDL (Web Service Description Language) to describe web service interfaces and SOAP as the basic communication protocol, the cornerstone for web service-oriented architecture (WSOA) has been established. Considering the momentum observable by the growing number of specifications in the web service domain for the indispensable cross-cutting concern of identity management (IdM) it is still an open issue how a WSOA-aware IdM architecture is built and how it is link...

Emig, Christian; Brandt, Frank; Abeck, Sebastian; Biermann, Ju?rgen; Klarl, Heiko

2007-01-01

54

Web Services Security Architectures Composition and Contract Design using RBAC  

OpenAIRE

Service Oriented Architecture’s Web Services authorization traditionally is done using common access control models like Role-Based Access Control. In thinking of a composite application that stitches together the capabilities of multiple services, any action in the composite app should ideally check the access control rules of all constituent services before initiating an action. The WebServices Access controls are categorized according to access control granularity and have two approaches...

Shravani, D.; Suresh Varma, Dr P.; Dr.B.Padmaja Rani,; Dr.D.Sravan Kumar,; Upendra Kumar, M.

2010-01-01

55

An Open Distributed Architecture for Sensor Networks for Risk Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sensors provide some of the basic input data for risk management of natural andman-made hazards. Here the word ‘sensors’ covers everything from remote sensingsatellites, providing invaluable images of large regions, through instruments installed on theEarth’s surface to instruments situated in deep boreholes and on the sea floor, providinghighly-detailed point-based information from single sites. Data from such sensors is used inall stages of risk management, from hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment in the preeventphase, information to provide on-site help during the crisis phase through to data toaid in recovery following an event. Because data from sensors play such an important part inimproving understanding of the causes of risk and consequently in its mitigation,considerable investment has been made in the construction and maintenance of highlysophisticatedsensor networks. In spite of the ubiquitous need for information from sensornetworks, the use of such data is hampered in many ways. Firstly, information about thepresence and capabilities of sensor networks operating in a region is difficult to obtain dueto a lack of easily available and usable meta-information. Secondly, once sensor networkshave been identified their data it is often difficult to access due to a lack of interoperability between dissemination and acquisition systems. Thirdly, the transfer and processing ofinformation from sensors is limited, again by incompatibilities between systems. Therefore,the current situation leads to a lack of efficiency and limited use of the available data thathas an important role to play in risk mitigation. In view of this situation, the EuropeanCommission (EC is funding a number of Integrated Projects within the Sixth FrameworkProgramme concerned with improving the accessibility of data and services for riskmanagement. Two of these projects: ‘Open Architecture and Spatial Data Infrastructure forRisk Management’ (ORCHESTRA, http://www.eu-orchestra.org/ and ‘Sensors Anywhere’(SANY, http://sany-ip.eu/ are discussed in this article. These projects have developed anopen distributed information technology architecture and have implemented web servicesfor the accessing and using data emanating, for example, from sensor networks. Thesedevelopments are based on existing data and service standards proposed by internationalorganizations. The projects seek to develop the ideals of the EC directive INSPIRE(http://inspire.jrc.it, which was launched in 2001 and whose implementation began this year(2007, into the risk management domain. Thanks to the open nature of the architecture andservices being developed within these projects, they can be implemented by any interestedparty and can be accessed by all potential users. The architecture is based around a serviceorientedapproach that makes use of Internet-based applications (web services whose inputsand outputs conform to standards. The benefit of this philosophy is that it is expected tofavor the emergence of an operational market for risk management services in Europe, iteliminates the need to replace or radically alter the hundreds of already operational ITsystems in Europe (drastically lowering costs for users, and it allows users and stakeholdersto achieve interoperability while using the system most adequate to their needs, budgets,culture etc. (i.e. it has flexibility.

Ralf Denzer

2008-03-01

56

A Novel Architecture for Topic Specific Parallel Web Crawler  

OpenAIRE

The World Wide Web is an interlinked collection of billions of web documents. Due to the growing and dynamic nature of the web, it has become a challenge to traverse all URLs in the web documents by a crawler module. So it has become imperative to parallelize a crawling process. The crawler process is further being parallelized in the form ecology of crawler workers that in parallel download information from the web. This paper proposes a novel architecture of parallel crawler, which is based...

Navita; Mahesh,

2014-01-01

57

SensorWeb Evolution Using the Earth Observing One (EO-1) Satellite as a Test Platform  

Science.gov (United States)

The Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite was launched in November 2000 as a one year technology demonstration mission for a variety of space technologies. After the first year, in addition to collecting science data from its instruments, the EO-1 mission has been used as a testbed for a variety of technologies which provide various automation capabilities and which have been used as a pathfinder for the creation of SensorWebs. A SensorWeb is the integration of variety of space, airborne and ground sensors into a loosely coupled collaborative sensor system that automatically provides useful data products. Typically, a SensorWeb is comprised of heterogeneous sensors tied together with a messaging architecture and web services. This paper provides an overview of the various technologies that were tested and eventually folded into normal operations. As these technologies were folded in, the nature of operations transformed. The SensorWeb software enables easy connectivity for collaboration with sensors, but the side benefit is that it improved the EO-1 operational efficiency. This paper presents the various phases of EO-1 operation over the past 12 years and also presents operational efficiency gains demonstrated by some metrics.

Mandl, Daniel; Frye, Stuart; Cappelaere, Pat; Ly, Vuong; Handy, Matthew; Chien, Steve; Grossman, Robert; Tran, Daniel

2012-01-01

58

Visual Architecture based Web Information Extraction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The World Wide Web has more online web database which can be searched through their web query interface. Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages. Extracting structured data from deep Web pages is a challenging task due to the underlying complicate structures of such pages. Until now, a large number of techniques have been proposed to address this problem, but all of them have inherent limitations because they are Web-page-programming-language dependent. As the popular two-dimensional media, the contents on Web pages are always displayed regularly for users to browse. This motivates us to seek a different way for deep Web data extraction to overcome the limitations of previous works by utilizing some interesting common visual features on the deep Web pages. In this paper, a novel vision-based approach that is Web-page programming- language-independent is proposed. This approach primarily utilizes the visual features on the deep Web pages to implement deep Web data extraction, including data record extraction and data item extraction.

S. Oswalt Manoj

2011-12-01

59

Securing Wireless Sensor Networks: Security Architectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless sensor networking remains one of the most exciting and challenging research domains of our time. As technology progresses, so do the capabilities of sensor networks. Limited only by what can be technologically sensed, it is envisaged that wireless sensor networks will play an important part in our daily lives in the foreseeable future. Privy to many types of sensitive information, both sensed and disseminated, there is a critical need for security in a number of applications related to this technology. Resulting from the continuous debate over the most effective means of securing wireless sensor networks, this paper considers a number of the security architectures employed, and proposed, to date, with this goal in sight. They are presented such that the various characteristics of each protocol are easily identifiable to potential network designers, allowing a more informed decision to be made when implementing a security protocol for their intended application. Authentication is the primary focus, as the most malicious attacks on a network are the work of imposters, such as DOS attacks, packet insertion etc. Authentication can be defined as a security mechanism, whereby, the identity of a node in the network can be identified as a valid node of the network. Subsequently, data authenticity can be achieved; once the integrity of the message sender/receiver has been established.

David Boyle

2008-01-01

60

Enabling Context-Aware Web Services Methods, Architectures, and Technologies  

CERN Document Server

With recent advances in radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology, sensor networks, and enhanced Web services, the original World Wide Web is continuing its evolution into what is being called the Web of Things and Services. Such a Web will support an ultimately interactive environment where everyday physical objects such as buildings, sidewalks, and commodities become recognizable, addressable, and even controllable via a mostly ubiquitous Web. This integration of the physical and virtual worlds will fundamentally impact the way we live and in doing so afford tremendous new business op

Sheng, Quan Z

2010-01-01

61

On-Board Mining in the Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

On-board data mining can contribute to many research and engineering applications, including natural hazard detection and prediction, intelligent sensor control, and the generation of customized data products for direct distribution to users. The ability to mine sensor data in real time can also be a critical component of autonomous operations, supporting deep space missions, unmanned aerial and ground-based vehicles (UAVs, UGVs), and a wide range of sensor meshes, webs and grids. On-board processing is expected to play a significant role in the next generation of NASA, Homeland Security, Department of Defense and civilian programs, providing for greater flexibility and versatility in measurements of physical systems. In addition, the use of UAV and UGV systems is increasing in military, emergency response and industrial applications. As research into the autonomy of these vehicles progresses, especially in fleet or web configurations, the applicability of on-board data mining is expected to increase significantly. Data mining in real time on board sensor platforms presents unique challenges. Most notably, the data to be mined is a continuous stream, rather than a fixed store such as a database. This means that the data mining algorithms must be modified to make only a single pass through the data. In addition, the on-board environment requires real time processing with limited computing resources, thus the algorithms must use fixed and relatively small amounts of processing time and memory. The University of Alabama in Huntsville is developing an innovative processing framework for the on-board data and information environment. The Environment for On-Board Processing (EVE) and the Adaptive On-board Data Processing (AODP) projects serve as proofs-of-concept of advanced information systems for remote sensing platforms. The EVE real-time processing infrastructure will upload, schedule and control the execution of processing plans on board remote sensors. These plans provide capabilities for autonomous data mining, classification and feature extraction using both streaming and buffered data sources. A ground-based testbed provides a heterogeneous, embedded hardware and software environment representing both space-based and ground-based sensor platforms, including wireless sensor mesh architectures. The AODP project explores the EVE concepts in the world of sensor-networks, including ad-hoc networks of small sensor platforms.

Tanner, S.; Conover, H.; Graves, S.; Ramachandran, R.; Rushing, J.

2004-12-01

62

Designing Dependable Service Oriented Web Services Security Architectures Solutions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available System Security Architecture from a software engineering viewpoint imposes that strong security must be a guiding principle of the entire software development process. It describes a way to weave security into systems architecture, and it identifies common patterns of implementation found in most security products. The security and software engineering communities must find ways to develop software correctly in a timely and cost-effective fashion. There’s no substitute for working software security as deeply into the evelopment process as possible. System designers and developers must take a more proactive role in building secure software. The root of most security problems is software that fails in unexpected ways whenunder attack. The enforcement of security at the design phase canreduce the cost and effort associated with the introduction of security during implementation. At the architecture level a systemmust be coherent and present unified security architecture that takes into account security principles (such as the least privilege. In this paper we want to discuss about different facets of security as applicable to Service Oriented Architectures (SOA Security Architecture implementations. First we examine the securityrequirements and its solution mechanisms. In the context of WebServices, the predominant SOA implementation standard has a crucial role to play. The Web Services architecture is expected to play a prominent role in developing next generation distributed systems. Building dependable systems based on web services architecture is a major research issue being discussed. Finally, we provide a case study of Web Services Security Architecture, enhancing its security pertaining to Web 2.0 AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML and its Security encryption of data using MD5algorithm.

M.Upendra Kumar

2010-04-01

63

A Novel Architecture for Topic Specific Parallel Web Crawler  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The World Wide Web is an interlinked collection of billions of web documents. Due to the growing and dynamic nature of the web, it has become a challenge to traverse all URLs in the web documents by a crawler module. So it has become imperative to parallelize a crawling process. The crawler process is further being parallelized in the form ecology of crawler workers that in parallel download information from the web. This paper proposes a novel architecture of parallel crawler, which is based on topic specific crawling, makes crawling task more effective, scalable and load-sharing among the different crawlers which parallel downloading the web pages related to different topics. The proposed crawler will crawl and download the web pages which are related to given topic(s.

Navita

2014-05-01

64

Web Services Security Architectures for Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses the research methodology on Web Services Security Architectures for Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design. Initially we discuss about the Research Methodology for Designing Dependable Agile Layered Security Architecture Solutions for Web Services Security Architectures. Finally we discuss an implementation case study of ensuring data security architecture on Web Services Cloud

D.Shravani #1 , Dr.P.Suresh Varma*2 , Dr.B.Padmaja Rani #3 , K.Venkateswar Rao*4M.Upendra Kumar#5

2011-04-01

65

Electrochemical Biosensors - Sensor Principles and Architectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Quantification of biological or biochemical processes are of utmost importancefor medical, biological and biotechnological applications. However, converting the biologicalinformation to an easily processed electronic signal is challenging due to the complexity ofconnecting an electronic device directly to a biological environment. Electrochemical biosensorsprovide an attractive means to analyze the content of a biological sample due to thedirect conversion of a biological event to an electronic signal. Over the past decades severalsensing concepts and related devices have been developed. In this review, the most commontraditional techniques, such as cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, chronopotentiometry,impedance spectroscopy, and various field-effect transistor based methods are presented alongwith selected promising novel approaches, such as nanowire or magnetic nanoparticle-basedbiosensing. Additional measurement techniques, which have been shown useful in combinationwith electrochemical detection, are also summarized, such as the electrochemical versionsof surface plasmon resonance, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, ellipsometry,quartz crystal microbalance, and scanning probe microscopy.The signal transduction and the general performance of electrochemical sensors are often determinedby the surface architectures that connect the sensing element to the biological sampleat the nanometer scale. The most common surface modification techniques, the various electrochemicaltransduction mechanisms, and the choice of the recognition receptor moleculesall influence the ultimate sensitivity of the sensor. New nanotechnology-based approaches,such as the use of engineered ion-channels in lipid bilayers, the encapsulation of enzymesinto vesicles, polymersomes, or polyelectrolyte capsules provide additional possibilities forsignal amplification.In particular, this review highlights the importance of the precise control over the delicateinterplay between surface nano-architectures, surface functionalization and the chosen sensortransducer principle, as well as the usefulness of complementary characterization tools tointerpret and to optimize the sensor response.

Erik Reimhult

2008-03-01

66

A web-based modular framework for real-time monitoring of large scale sensor networks  

Science.gov (United States)

The Antelope Real Time System (ARTS) is an integrated combination of protocols, acquisition systems and applications designed for real-time data collection and analysis from an array of deployed field sensors. Historically these were seismic sensors, however the open architecture of the ARTS facilitated development of acquisition protocols for a diverse group of sensors, including data streams from hf radar, meteorological instrumentation and cameras. In parallel with the expansion of data-type ingestion, a web-based interface to the ARTS was developed in PHP, a popular HTML embedded scripting language. The application-driven development of web-based software to Antelope-stored data has risen exponentially over the last four years, from simple database interactions to web-based AJAX applications similar in look and feel to desktop software. As the web-based applications have grown in complexity, the architecture around their development has matured into an extensible framework with "plug'n'play" capabilities. Their modular design has allowed multiple institutions to deploy the same web-based applications, tailored for their specific requirements. Examples include the NSF Earthscope USArray Transportable Array, ROADNet's Realtime Imagebank, the broadband seismic network monitoring of the University of Nevada Reno and University of California San Diego, and monitoring of the downhole arrays maintained by the University of California Santa Barbara. The success of these deployments suggest that such a framework could be applicable to other large scale sensor networks, including the developing Ocean Observatories project.

Newman, R. L.; Lindquist, K. G.; Vernon, F. L.

2007-12-01

67

Advances in Sensor Webs for NASA Earth Science Missions  

Science.gov (United States)

The world is slowly evolving into a web of interconnected sensors. Innovations such as camera phones that upload directly to the internet, networked devices with built-in GPS chips, traffic sensors, and the wireless networks that connect these devices are transforming our society. Similar advances are occurring in science sensors at NASA. NASA developed autonomy software has demonstrated the potential for space missions to use onboard decision-making to detect, analyze, and respond to science events. This software has also enabled NASA satellites to coordinate with other satellites and ground sensors to form an autonomous sensor web. A vision for NASA sensor webs for Earth science is to enable "on-demand sensing of a broad array of environmental and ecological phenomena across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales, from a heterogeneous suite of sensors both in-situ and in orbit." Several technologies for improved autonomous science and sensor webs are being developed at NASA. Each of these technologies advances the state of the art in sensorwebs in different areas including enabling model interactions with sensorwebs, smart autonomous sensors, and sensorweb communications. Enabling model interactions in sensor webs is focused on the creation and management of new sensor web enabled information products. Specifically, the format of these data products and the sensor webs that use them must be standardized so that sensor web components can more easily communicate with each other. This standardization will allow new components such as models and simulations to be included within sensor webs. Smart sensing implies sophistication in the sensors themselves. The goal of smart sensing is to enable autonomous event detection and reconfiguration. This may include onboard processing, self-healing sensors, and self-identifying sensors. The goal of communication enhancements, especially session layer management, is to support dialog control for autonomous operations involving sensors and data processing and/or modeling entities. These technologies may include antenna for tracking dynamic sensors, autonomous networks and protocols that can distribute data communication tasks among the sensors and control the flow of data, transmission schemes that optimize bandwidth use, and distributed data storage devices. Demonstration of these sensorweb capabilities will enable fast responding science campaigns of both spaceborne and ground assets. These sensor webs will be operated directly by scientists using science goals to control their instruments.

Sherwood, R.; Moe, K.; Smith, S.; Prescott, G.

2007-12-01

68

A Hybrid Architecture for Implementing Efficient Geospatial Web Services: Integrating .Net Remoting and Web Services Technologies  

OpenAIRE

Open GIS Consortium (OGC) Geospatial Web services have been introduced to overcome spatial non-interoperability problem associated with most geospatial processing systems. Although OGC geospatial Web services provide interoperability among heterogeneous geospatial processing systems, in some cases they can not provide required performance and efficiency. This study proposes a hybrid architecture which can efficiently provide interoperability and high performance for transferring geospatial da...

Pouria Amirian; Ali Alesheikh

2008-01-01

69

A Sensor Web-Enabled Infrastructure for Precision Farming  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of sensor technologies is standard practice in the domain of precision farming. The variety of vendor-specific sensor systems, control units and processing software has led to increasing efforts in establishing interoperable sensor networks and standardized sensor data infrastructures. This study utilizes open source software and adapts the standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium to introduce a method for the realization of a sensor data infrastructure for precision farming applications. The infrastructure covers the control of sensor systems, the access to sensor data, the transmission of sensor data to web services and the standardized storage of sensor data in a sensor web-enabled server. It permits end users and computer systems to access the sensor data in a well-defined way and to build applications on top of the sensor web services. The infrastructure is scalable to large scenarios, where a multitude of sensor systems and sensor web services are involved. A real-world field trial was set-up to prove the applicability of the infrastructure.

Jakob Geipel

2015-03-01

70

SOA based Data Architecture for HTML5 Web Applications  

OpenAIRE

Web Services based architectures have already been established as the preferred way to integrate SOA specific components, from the front-end to the back-end business services. One of the key elements of such architecture are data-based or entity services. In this context, SDO standard and SDO related technologies have been confirmed as a possible approach to aggregate such enterprise-wide federation of data services, mainly backed by database servers, but not limited to them. In the following...

Strimbei, Catalin

2013-01-01

71

An Architecture to Implement Event-Driven Web Monitoring Systems  

OpenAIRE

Traditional monitoring systems are based on C/S mode because desktop software still has inherent advantages though desktop software is replaced by web applications rapidly in many fields. Meanwhile, traditional monitoring systems use relational database as data source, however, relational database lacks the ability to process influx of queries per second. In this paper, we will do an in-depth research to design an architecture to implement event-driven web monitoring systems.    

Gao Ying; Mu Lei; Hao Zhonghu; Zheng Weiyang

2013-01-01

72

Sensor Web Services for Early Flood Warnings Based on Soil Moisture Profiles  

Science.gov (United States)

As result of improved computing and communication capabilities, the use of sensors and sensor networks for environmental monitoring has gained considerable importance in the recent years. For an interoperable integration of sensor data like sensor descriptions, sensor measurements and alarm events, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) started the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) initiative and proposed several specifications in respect to a geospatial sensor web. First implementations of SWE software frameworks are available. In this paper, we present the results of the recent WEBBOS project. Its objective was to build up a system for early flood warnings by measuring soil moisture profiles. The use of soil moisture profiles is motivated by the fact that traditional approaches like the observation of water gauges are suitable for the prediction of large-river flooding but not for smaller drainage areas. We describe the architecture of our system and how it is built up by using existing software components to a large extent. Our special focus is on the incorporation of 3D soil moisture profiles into the SWE data model, on the integration of the new OGC Sensor Event Service, and on the development of a flexible web client for mapping and other visualization purposes.

Brinkhoff, T.; Jansen, S.

2012-08-01

73

Architecture-Based Reliability Analysis of Web Services  

Science.gov (United States)

In a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), the hierarchical complexity of Web Services (WS) and their interactions with the underlying Application Server (AS) create new challenges in providing a realistic estimate of WS performance and reliability. The current approaches often treat the entire WS environment as a black-box. Thus, the sensitivity…

Rahmani, Cobra Mariam

2012-01-01

74

An architecture for "Web Of Things" using SOCKS protocol based IPv6/IPv4 gatewaying for heterogeneous communication  

OpenAIRE

"Web Of Things" evolved from "Internet Of Things". Lot of research has been done in designing architecture for "Web Of Things". Two main architectures are Smart gateway based architecture and embedded Web Server based architecture. These architectures address some of the basic and essential issues relating to Service Oriented Architecture for "Web Of Things". Taking into consideration the period of coexistence of IPv4 and IPv6 we propose an architecture using SOCKS protocol ...

Patnaikuni, P. Shrinivasan R.; Kulkarni, Raj B.

2011-01-01

75

A Hybrid Web Browser Architecture for Mobile Devices  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web browsing on mobile networks is slow in comparison to wired or Wi-Fi networks. Particularly, the connection establishment phase including DNS lookups and TCP handshakes takes a long time on mobile networks due to its long round-trip latency. In this paper, we propose a novel web browser architecture that aims to improve mobile web browsing performance. Our approach delegates the connection establishment and HTTP header field delivery tasks to a dedicated proxy server located at the joint point between the WAN and mobile network. Since the traffic for the connection establishment and HTTP header fields delivery passes only through the WAN between the proxy and web servers, our approach significantly reduces both the number and size of packets on the mobile network. Our evaluation showed that the proposed scheme reduces the number of mobile network packets by up to 42% and, consequently, the average page loading time is shortened by up to 52%.

CHO, J.

2014-08-01

76

The Sensor Web: A Macro-Instrument for Coordinated Sensing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Sensor Web is a macro-instrument concept that allows for the spatiotemporal understanding of an environment through coordinated efforts between multiple numbers and types of sensing platforms, including both orbital and terrestrial and both fixed and mobile. Each of these platforms, or pods, communicates within their local neighborhood and thus distributes information to the instrument as a whole. Much as intelligence in the brain is a result of the myriad of connections between dendrites, it is anticipated that the Sensor Web will develop a macro-intelligence as a result of its distributed information with the pods reacting and adapting to their environment in a way that is much more than their individual sum. The sharing of data among individual pods will allow for a global perception and purpose of the instrument as a whole. The Sensor Web is to sensors what the Internet is to computers, with different platforms and operating systems communicating via a set of shared, robust protocols. This paper will outline the potential of the Sensor Web concept and describe the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL Sensor Webs Project (http://sensorwebs.jpl.nasa.gov/. In particular, various fielded Sensor Webs will be discussed.

Kevin A. Delin

2002-07-01

77

Resource-oriented architecture patterns for webs of data  

CERN Document Server

The surge of interest in the REpresentational State Transfer (REST) architectural style, the Semantic Web, and Linked Data has resulted in the development of innovative, flexible, and powerful systems that embrace one or more of these compatible technologies. However, most developers, architects, Information Technology managers, and platform owners have only been exposed to the basics of resource-oriented architectures. This book is an attempt to catalog and elucidate several reusable solutions that have been seen in the wild in the now increasingly familiar ""patterns book"" style. These are

Sletten, Brian

2013-01-01

78

Integrated Sensor Architecture (ISA) for Live Virtual Constructive (LVC) environments  

Science.gov (United States)

The Integrated Sensor Architecture (ISA) is an interoperability solution that allows for the sharing of information between sensors and systems in a dynamic tactical environment. The ISA created a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) that identifies common standards and protocols which support a net-centric system of systems integration. Utilizing a common language, these systems are able to connect, publish their needs and capabilities, and interact with other systems even on disadvantaged networks. Within the ISA project, three levels of interoperability were defined and implemented and these levels were tested at many events. Extensible data models and capabilities that are scalable across multi-echelons are supported, as well as dynamic discovery of capabilities and sensor management. The ISA has been tested and integrated with multiple sensors, platforms, and over a variety of hardware architectures in operational environments.

Moulton, Christine L.; Harkrider, Susan; Harrell, John; Hepp, Jared

2014-06-01

79

A Web-based Architecture Enabling Multichannel Telemedicine Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Telemedicine scenarios include today in-hospital care management, remote teleconsulting, collaborative diagnosis and emergency situations handling. Different types of information need to be accessed by means of etherogeneous client devices in different communication environments in order to enable high quality continuous sanitary assistance delivery wherever and whenever needed. In this paper, a Web-based telemedicine architecture based on Java, XML and XSL technologies is presented. By providing dynamic content delivery services and Java based client applications for medical data consultation and modification, the system enables effective access to an Electronic Patient Record based standard database by means of any device equipped with a Web browser, such as traditional Personal Computers and workstation as well as modern Personal Digital Assistants. The effectiveness of the proposed architecture has been evaluated in different scenarios, experiencing fixed and mobile clinical data transmissions over Local Area Networks, wireless LANs and wide coverage telecommunication network including GSM and GPRS.

Fabrizio Lamberti

2003-02-01

80

GPS Sensor Web Time Series Analysis Using SensorGrid Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a method for performing signal detection and classification on real-time streams of GPS sensor web data. Our approach has two parts. The first is a hidden Markov model fitting methodology that enables us to robustly describe the statistics of the data. The second is the SensorGrid technology which allows us to manage the data streams through a series of filters tied together with a publish/subscribe messaging system. In this framework, the HMM algorithm is viewed as a filter. The sensor web data we use in this work comes from the Southern California Integrated GPS Network (SCIGN), which produces a number of data products. In this work, we use the real-time (1Hz for most stations) three-dimensional position information. This data is collected from a system which is not only noisy but also poorly understood; driving forces on the system derive not only from the physical processes of the solid earth but also from external factors, including atmospheric effects and human activity. Fitting an HMM to time series allows us to describe the statistics of the data in a simple way that ascribes discrete modes of behavior to the system. By matching incoming data against the statistics of previously learned modes, we can perform classification according to the best match. In addition, we can perform signal detection across the entire sensor web by correlating mode changes in time; a significant number of mode changes across the network or within a certain sub-network is an indication of an event that is occurring over a wide geographical area. For most applications, reliable HMM fitting results are achieved by using a priori information to form constraints that reduce the number of free parameters. For GPS data, however, this information is not available as the underlying system is not well understood. As a result, we use the regularized deterministic annealing expectation-maximization (RDAEM) algorithm to perform the fit. This method provides high-quality, self-consistent model fits without using a priori information (although it does not exclude the use of such information where available), at the cost of some additional computation time. We refer to the software implementation of this algorithm for HMMs as RDAHMM. To integrate this HMM technology with the GPS data streams, we used the the SensorGrid architecture. This provides a service oriented approach to support coupling real-time sensor messages with scientific applications in a Grid environment. Real-time data processing is supported by employing filters around publish/subscribe messaging system. The filters are small applications extended from a generic Filter class to inherit publish and subscribe capabilities. The measurements obtained from the sensors are usually in a proprietary binary format and need to be converted into specific formats to be used by various applications. Our approach allows chaining of several filters to achieve format conversions and data processing. In addition, we developed a proxy service to expose the filters as Web Services. This service provides basic functions to start/stop filters and get metadata descriptions. Using this service filter chains can be created and deployed remotely in a workflow environment. Currently we have basic XML schemas to describe filter metadata and filter chains. We developed and tested several filters to provide real-time access to GPS messages. Currently the system is continuously running for 7 GPS networks, about 70 GPS stations; we examine the performance of the RDAHMM and SensorGrid technologies on this data.

Granat, R.; Pierce, M.; Aydin, G.; Qi, Z.

2006-12-01

81

Use of the Earth Observing One (EO-1) Satellite for the Namibia SensorWeb Flood Early Warning Pilot  

Science.gov (United States)

The Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite was launched in November 2000 as a one year technology demonstration mission for a variety of space technologies. After the first year, it was used as a pathfinder for the creation of SensorWebs. A SensorWeb is the integration of variety of space, airborne and ground sensors into a loosely coupled collaborative sensor system that automatically provides useful data products. Typically, a SensorWeb is comprised of heterogeneous sensors tied together with a messaging architecture and web services. Disasters are the perfect arena to use SensorWebs. One SensorWeb pilot project that has been active since 2009 is the Namibia Early Flood Warning SensorWeb pilot project. The Pilot Project was established under the auspices of the Namibian Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry (MAWF)/Department of Water Affairs, the Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS)/Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS) and moderated by the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER). The effort began by identifying and prototyping technologies which enabled the rapid gathering and dissemination of both space-based and ground sensor data and data products for the purpose of flood disaster management and water-borne disease management. This was followed by an international collaboration to build small portions of the identified system which was prototyped during that past few years during the flood seasons which occurred in the February through May timeframe of 2010 and 2011 with further prototyping to occur in 2012. The SensorWeb system features EO-1 data along with other data sets from such satellites as Radarsat, Terra and Aqua. Finally, the SensorWeb team also began to examine the socioeconomic component to determine the impact of the SensorWeb technology and how best to assist in the infusion of this technology in lesser affluent areas with low levels of basic infrastructure. This paper provides an overview of these efforts, highlighting the EO-1 usage in this SensorWeb.

Mandl, Daniel; Frye, Stuart; Cappelaere, Pat; Handy, Matthew; Policelli, Fritz; Katjizeu, McCloud; Van Langenhove, Guido; Aube, Guy; Saulnier, Jean-Francois; Sohlberg, Rob; Silva, Julie; Kussul, Nataliia; Skakun, Sergii; Ungar, Stephen; Grossman, Robert

2012-01-01

82

Web Service Architecture for a Meta Search Engine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the rapid advancements in Information Technology, Information Retrieval on Internet is gaining its importance day by day. Nowadays there are millions of Websites and billions of homepages available on the Internet. Search Engines are the essential tools for the purpose of retrieving the required information from the Web. But the existing search engines have many problems such as not having wide scope, imbalance in accessing the sites etc. So, the effectiveness of a search engine plays a vital role. Meta search engines are such systems that can provide effective information by accessing multiple existing search engines such as Dog Pile, Meta Crawler etc, but most of them cannot successfully operate on heterogeneous and fully dynamic web environment. In this paper we propose a Web Service Architecture for Meta Search Engine to cater the need of heterogeneous and dynamic web environment. The objective of our proposal is to exploit most of the features offered by Web Services through the implementation of a Web Service Meta Search Engine.

K.Srinivas

2011-10-01

83

Architecture for large-scale automatic web accessibility evaluation based on the UWEM methodology  

OpenAIRE

The European Internet Accessibility project (EIAO) has developed an Observatory for performing large scale automatic web accessibility evaluations of public sector web sites in Europe. The architecture includes a distributed web crawler that crawls web sites for links until either a given budget of web pages have been identified or the web site has been crawled exhaustively. Subsequently, a uniform random subset of the crawled web pages is sampled and sent for accessibility evaluation and the...

Ulltveit-moe, Nils; Olsen, Morten Goodwin; Pillai, Anand B.; Thomsen, Christian; Gjøsæter, Terje; Snaprud, Mikael

2008-01-01

84

SOA based Data Architecture for HTML5 Web Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web Services based architectures have already been established as the preferred way to integrate SOA specific components, from the front-end to the back-end business services. One of the key elements of such architecture are data-based or entity services. In this context, SDO standard and SDO related technologies have been confirmed as a possible approach to aggregate such enterprise-wide federation of data services, mainly backed by database servers, but not limited to them. In the followings, we will discuss an architectural purpose based on SDO approach to seamlessly integrate presentation and data services within an enterprise SOA context. This way we will outline the benefits of a common end-to-end data integration strategy. Also, we will try to argue that using HTML5 based clients as front end services in conjunction with SDO data services could be an effective strategy to adopt the mobile computing in the enterprise context.

Catalin STRIMBEI

2013-01-01

85

ARPENTEUR: a web-based photogrammetry tool for architectural modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

ARPENTEUR is a web application for digital photogrammetry mainly dedicated to architecture. ARPENTEUR has been developed since 1998 by two French research teams: the 'Photogrammetry and Geomatics' group of ENSAIS-LERGEC's laboratory and the MAP-gamsau CNRS laboratory located in the school of Architecture of Marseille. The software package is a web based tool since photogrammetric concepts are embedded in Web technology and Java programming language. The aim of this project is to propose a photogrammetric software package and 3D modeling methods available on the Internet as applets through a simple browser. The use of Java and the Web platform is ful of advantages. Distributing software on any platform, at any pace connected to Internet is of course very promising. The updating is done directly on the server and the user always works with the latest release installed on the server. Three years ago the first prototype of ARPENTEUR was based on the Java Development Kit at the time only available for some browsers. Nowadays, we are working with the JDK 1.3 plug-in enriched by Java Advancing Imaging library.

Grussenmeyer, Pierre; Drap, Pierre

2000-12-01

86

Enhanced Architecture of a Web Warehouse based on Quality Evaluation Framework to Incorporate Quality Aspects in Web Warehouse Creation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the recent years, it has been observed that World Wide Web (www became a vast source of information explosion about all areas of interest. Relevant information retrieval is difficult from the web space as there is no universal configuration and organization of the web data. Taking the advantage of data warehouse functionality and integrating it with the web to retrieve relevant data is the core concept of web warehouse. It is a repository that store relevant web data for business decision making. The basic function of web warehouse is to collect and store the information for analysis of users. The quality of web warehouse data affects a lot on data analysis. To enhance the quality of decision making different quality dimensions must be incorporated in web warehouse architecture. In this paper enhanced web warehouse architecture is proposed and discussed. The enhancement in the existing architecture is based on the quality evaluation framework. The enhanced architecture adds three layers in existing architecture to insure quality at various phases of web warehouse system creation. The source assessment, query evaluation and data quality layers enhance the quality of data store in web warehouse.

Umm-e-Mariya Shah

2011-01-01

87

ESB-Based Sensor Web Integration for the Prediction of Electric Power Supply System Vulnerability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Electric power supply companies increasingly rely on enterprise IT systems to provide them with a comprehensive view of the state of the distribution network. Within a utility-wide network, enterprise IT systems collect data from various metering devices. Such data can be effectively used for the prediction of power supply network vulnerability. The purpose of this paper is to present the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB-based Sensor Web integration solution that we have developed with the purpose of enabling prediction of power supply network vulnerability, in terms of a prediction of defect probability for a particular network element. We will give an example of its usage and demonstrate our vulnerability prediction model on data collected from two different power supply companies. The proposed solution is an extension of the GinisSense Sensor Web-based architecture for collecting, processing, analyzing, decision making and alerting based on the data received from heterogeneous data sources. In this case, GinisSense has been upgraded to be capable of operating in an ESB environment and combine Sensor Web and GIS technologies to enable prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability. Aside from electrical values, the proposed solution gathers ambient values from additional sensors installed in the existing power supply network infrastructure. GinisSense aggregates gathered data according to an adapted Omnibus data fusion model and applies decision-making logic on the aggregated data. Detected vulnerabilities are visualized to end-users through means of a specialized Web GIS application.

Milos Bogdanovic

2013-08-01

88

ESB-based Sensor Web integration for the prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability.  

Science.gov (United States)

Electric power supply companies increasingly rely on enterprise IT systems to provide them with a comprehensive view of the state of the distribution network. Within a utility-wide network, enterprise IT systems collect data from various metering devices. Such data can be effectively used for the prediction of power supply network vulnerability. The purpose of this paper is to present the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)-based Sensor Web integration solution that we have developed with the purpose of enabling prediction of power supply network vulnerability, in terms of a prediction of defect probability for a particular network element. We will give an example of its usage and demonstrate our vulnerability prediction model on data collected from two different power supply companies. The proposed solution is an extension of the GinisSense Sensor Web-based architecture for collecting, processing, analyzing, decision making and alerting based on the data received from heterogeneous data sources. In this case, GinisSense has been upgraded to be capable of operating in an ESB environment and combine Sensor Web and GIS technologies to enable prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability. Aside from electrical values, the proposed solution gathers ambient values from additional sensors installed in the existing power supply network infrastructure. GinisSense aggregates gathered data according to an adapted Omnibus data fusion model and applies decision-making logic on the aggregated data. Detected vulnerabilities are visualized to end-users through means of a specialized Web GIS application. PMID:23955435

Stoimenov, Leonid; Bogdanovic, Milos; Bogdanovic-Dinic, Sanja

2013-01-01

89

A SURVEY ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ARCHITECTURE, PROTOCOLS AND APPLICATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we survey the current state of the art in wireless sensor network which has been gaining interest platform that changes how we interact with the physical world. Today, researchers and practitioners utilize low power nodes composed of wireless radios, sensors and computing elements for a variety of applications in medicine military, biology, manufacturing, etc. Most of wireless sensor networks use off-the-shelf commodity based micro-controllers, through the energy consumption of these systems can limit the effective lifetimes of the wireless sensor network nodes. We provide a discussion on the definition of wireless sensor network, design architecture, issues in various protocols and various applications of wireless sensor network. Keywords- Wireless Sensor Networks, local storage, alternative routing

Dr. M. Lilly Florence

2011-08-01

90

A SURVEY ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ARCHITECTURE, PROTOCOLS AND APPLICATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we survey the current state of the art in wireless sensor network which has been gaining interest platform that changes how we interact with the physical world. Today, researchers and practitioners utilize low power nodes composed of wireless radios, sensors and computing elements for a variety of applications in medicine military, biology, manufacturing, etc. Most of wireless sensor networks use off-the-shelf commodity based microcontrollers, through the energy consumption of these systems can limit the effective lifetimes of the wireless sensor network nodes. We provide a discussion on the definition of wireless sensor network, design architecture, issues in various protocols and various applications of wireless sensor network. Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, local storage, alternative routing

Dr. M. Lilly Florence

2011-08-01

91

Web Services Security Architectures Composition and Contract Design using RBAC  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Service Oriented Architecture’s Web Services authorization traditionally is done using common access control models like Role-Based Access Control. In thinking of a composite application that stitches together the capabilities of multiple services, any action in the composite app should ideally check the access control rules of all constituent services before initiating an action. The WebServices Access controls are categorized according to access control granularity and have two approaches: The first approach supports a negotiation-based attribute-based access control to Web Services with fine access granularity. The second approach is tailored to access control for conversation-based Web services and composite services;where in a Web Service is not considered as a set of independent operations and therefore access control must take such dependencies into account. During a Web Services invocation, a client interacts with the service, performing a sequence of operations in a particular order called conversation. In this paper, we want to propose strategies for analyzing and managing Role Based Access Control policies for designing Security Architectures for web services. Wevalidate role-based access control with a case study, where in access decisions are based on the roles that individual users have as part of an organization. Users take on assigned roles. The process of defining roles should be based on a thorough analysis of how an organization operates and should include input from a wide spectrum of users in an organization. Access rights are grouped by role name, and the use of resources is restricted to individuals authorized toassume the associated role. For example, within a hospital system the role of doctor can include operations to perform diagnosis, prescribe medication, and order laboratory tests; and the role of researcher can be limited to gathering anonymous clinical information for studies. The use of roles to control access can be an effective means for developing and enforcing enterprise-specific security policies, and for streamlining the security management process. Under theRBAC framework, users are granted membership into roles based on their competencies and responsibilities in the organization. The operations that a user is permitted to perform are based on the user's role.

D.Shravani

2010-11-01

92

Establishing the Global Fresh Water Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents an approach to measuring the major components of the water cycle from space using the concept of a sensor-web of satellites that are linked to a data assimilation system. This topic is of increasing importance, due to the need for fresh water to support the growing human population, coupled with climate variability and change. The net effect is that water is an increasingly valuable commodity. The distribution of fresh water is highly uneven over the Earth, with both strong latitudinal distributions due to the atmospheric general circulation, and even larger variability due to landforms and the interaction of land with global weather systems. The annual global fresh water budget is largely a balance between evaporation, atmospheric transport, precipitation and runoff. Although the available volume of fresh water on land is small, the short residence time of water in these fresh water reservoirs causes the flux of fresh water - through evaporation, atmospheric transport, precipitation and runoff - to be large. With a total atmospheric water store of approx. 13 x 10(exp 12)cu m, and an annual flux of approx. 460 x 10(exp 12)cu m/y, the mean atmospheric residence time of water is approx. 10 days. River residence times are similar, biological are approx. 1 week, soil moisture is approx. 2 months, and lakes and aquifers are highly variable, extending from weeks to years. The hypothesized potential for redistribution and acceleration of the global hydrological cycle is therefore of concern. This hypothesized speed-up - thought to be associated with global warming - adds to the pressure placed upon water resources by the burgeoning human population, the variability of weather and climate, and concerns about anthropogenic impacts on global fresh water availability.

Hildebrand, Peter H.

2005-01-01

93

Low data rate architecture for smart image sensor  

Science.gov (United States)

An innovative smart image sensor architecture based on event-driven asynchronous functioning is presented in this paper. The proposed architecture has been designed in order to control the sensor data flow by extracting only the relevant information from the image sensor and performing spatial and temporal redundancies suppression in video streaming. We believe that this data flow reduction leads to a system power consumption reduction which is essential in mobile devices. In this first proposition, we present our new pixel behaviour as well as our new asynchronous read-out architecture. Simulations using both Matlab and VHDL were performed in order to validate the proposed pixel behaviour and the reading protocol. These simulations results have met our expectations and confirmed the suggested ideas.

Darwish, Amani; Sicard, Gilles; Fesquet, Laurent

2014-03-01

94

SSWAP: A Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol for semantic web services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background SSWAP (Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol; pronounced "swap" is an architecture, protocol, and platform for using reasoning to semantically integrate heterogeneous disparate data and services on the web. SSWAP was developed as a hybrid semantic web services technology to overcome limitations found in both pure web service technologies and pure semantic web technologies. Results There are currently over 2400 resources published in SSWAP. Approximately two dozen are custom-written services for QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci and mapping data for legumes and grasses (grains. The remaining are wrappers to Nucleic Acids Research Database and Web Server entries. As an architecture, SSWAP establishes how clients (users of data, services, and ontologies, providers (suppliers of data, services, and ontologies, and discovery servers (semantic search engines interact to allow for the description, querying, discovery, invocation, and response of semantic web services. As a protocol, SSWAP provides the vocabulary and semantics to allow clients, providers, and discovery servers to engage in semantic web services. The protocol is based on the W3C-sanctioned first-order description logic language OWL DL. As an open source platform, a discovery server running at http://sswap.info (as in to "swap info" uses the description logic reasoner Pellet to integrate semantic resources. The platform hosts an interactive guide to the protocol at http://sswap.info/protocol.jsp, developer tools at http://sswap.info/developer.jsp, and a portal to third-party ontologies at http://sswapmeet.sswap.info (a "swap meet". Conclusion SSWAP addresses the three basic requirements of a semantic web services architecture (i.e., a common syntax, shared semantic, and semantic discovery while addressing three technology limitations common in distributed service systems: i.e., i the fatal mutability of traditional interfaces, ii the rigidity and fragility of static subsumption hierarchies, and iii the confounding of content, structure, and presentation. SSWAP is novel by establishing the concept of a canonical yet mutable OWL DL graph that allows data and service providers to describe their resources, to allow discovery servers to offer semantically rich search engines, to allow clients to discover and invoke those resources, and to allow providers to respond with semantically tagged data. SSWAP allows for a mix-and-match of terms from both new and legacy third-party ontologies in these graphs.

Town Christopher D

2009-09-01

95

a Web Service Approach for Linking Sensors and Cellular Spaces  

Science.gov (United States)

More and more devices are starting to be connected to the Internet. In the future the Internet will not only be a communication medium for people, it will in fact be a communication environment for devices. The connected devices which are also referred as Things will have an ability to interact with other devices over the Internet, i.) provide information in interoperable form and ii.) consume /utilize such information with the help of sensors embedded in them. This overall concept is known as Internet-of- Things (IoT). This requires new approaches to be investigated for system architectures to establish relations between spaces and sensors. The research presented in this paper elaborates on an architecture developed with this aim, i.e. linking spaces and sensors using a RESTful approach. The objective is making spaces aware of (sensor-embedded) devices, and making devices aware of spaces in a loosely coupled way (i.e. a state/usage/function change in the spaces would not have effect on sensors, similarly a location/state/usage/function change in sensors would not have any effect on spaces). The proposed architecture also enables the automatic assignment of sensors to spaces depending on space geometry and sensor location.

Isikdag, U.

2013-09-01

96

Advances on Sensor Web for Internet of Things  

Science.gov (United States)

'In much the same way that HTML and HTTP enabled WWW, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE), envisioned in 2001 [1] will allow sensor webs to become a reality.'. Due to the large number of sensor manufacturers and differing accompanying protocols, integrating diverse sensors into observation systems is not a simple task. A coherent infrastructure is needed to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way. SWE standardizes web service interfaces, sensor descriptions and data encodings as building blocks for a Sensor Web. SWE standards are now mature specifications (version 2.0) with approved OGC compliance test suites and tens of independent implementations. Many earth and space science organizations and government agencies are using the SWE standards to publish and share their sensors and observations. While SWE has been demonstrated very effective for scientific sensors, its complexity and the computational overhead may not be suitable for resource-constrained tiny sensors. In June 2012, a new OGC Standards Working Group (SWG) was formed called the Sensor Web Interface for Internet of Things (SWE-IoT) SWG. This SWG focuses on developing one or more OGC standards for resource-constrained sensors and actuators (e.g., Internet of Things devices) while leveraging the existing OGC SWE standards. In the near future, billions to trillions of small sensors and actuators will be embedded in real- world objects and connected to the Internet facilitating a concept called the Internet of Things (IoT). By populating our environment with real-world sensor-based devices, the IoT is opening the door to exciting possibilities for a variety of application domains, such as environmental monitoring, transportation and logistics, urban informatics, smart cities, as well as personal and social applications. The current SWE-IoT development aims on modeling the IoT components and defining a standard web service that makes the observations captured by IoT devices easily accessible and allows users to task the actuators on the IoT devices. The SWE IoT model links things with sensors and reuses the OGC Observation and Model (O&M) to link sensors with features of interest and observed properties Unlike most SWE standards, the SWE-IoT defines a RESTful web interface for users to perform CRUD (i.e., create, read, update, and delete) functions on resources, including Things, Sensors, Actuators, Observations, Tasks, etc. Inspired by the OASIS Open Data Protocol (OData), the SWE-IoT web service provides the multi-faceted query, which means that users can query from different entity collections and link from one entity to other related entities. This presentation will introduce the latest development of the OGC SWE-IoT standards. Potential applications and implications in Earth and Space science will also be discussed. [1] Mike Botts, Sensor Web Enablement White Paper, Open GIS Consortium, Inc. 2002

Liang, S.; Bermudez, L. E.; Huang, C.; Jazayeri, M.; Khalafbeigi, T.

2013-12-01

97

Architecture and Methods for Innovative Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network Applications  

OpenAIRE

Nowadays wireless sensor netwoks (WSN) technology, wireless communications and digital electronics have made it realistic to produce a large scale miniaturized devices integrating sensing, processing and communication capabilities. The focus of this paper is to present an innovative mobile platform for heterogeneous sensor networks, combined with adaptive methods to optimize the communication architecture for novel potential applications in multimedia and entertainment. In fact, in the near f...

Pedro Antonio; Francesco Grimaccia; Marco Mussetta

2012-01-01

98

Web based aphasia test using service oriented architecture (SOA)  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on an aphasia test for Spanish speakers which analyze the patient's basic resources of verbal communication, a web-enabled software was developed to automate its execution. A clinical database was designed as a complement, in order to evaluate the antecedents (risk factors, pharmacological and medical backgrounds, neurological or psychiatric symptoms, brain injury -anatomical and physiological characteristics, etc) which are necessary to carry out a multi-factor statistical analysis in different samples of patients. The automated test was developed following service oriented architecture and implemented in a web site which contains a tests suite, which would allow both integrating the aphasia test with other neuropsychological instruments and increasing the available site information for scientific research. The test design, the database and the study of its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and objectivity) were made in conjunction with neuropsychological researchers, who participate actively in the software design, based on the patients or other subjects of investigation feedback.

Voos, J. A.; Vigliecca, N. S.; Gonzalez, E. A.

2007-11-01

99

Web based aphasia test using service oriented architecture (SOA)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on an aphasia test for Spanish speakers which analyze the patient's basic resources of verbal communication, a web-enabled software was developed to automate its execution. A clinical database was designed as a complement, in order to evaluate the antecedents (risk factors, pharmacological and medical backgrounds, neurological or psychiatric symptoms, brain injury -anatomical and physiological characteristics, etc) which are necessary to carry out a multi-factor statistical analysis in different samples of patients. The automated test was developed following service oriented architecture and implemented in a web site which contains a tests suite, which would allow both integrating the aphasia test with other neuropsychological instruments and increasing the available site information for scientific research. The test design, the database and the study of its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and objectivity) were made in conjunction with neuropsychological researchers, who participate actively in the software design, based on the patients or other subjects of investigation feedback

100

Web based aphasia test using service oriented architecture (SOA)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Based on an aphasia test for Spanish speakers which analyze the patient's basic resources of verbal communication, a web-enabled software was developed to automate its execution. A clinical database was designed as a complement, in order to evaluate the antecedents (risk factors, pharmacological and medical backgrounds, neurological or psychiatric symptoms, brain injury -anatomical and physiological characteristics, etc) which are necessary to carry out a multi-factor statistical analysis in different samples of patients. The automated test was developed following service oriented architecture and implemented in a web site which contains a tests suite, which would allow both integrating the aphasia test with other neuropsychological instruments and increasing the available site information for scientific research. The test design, the database and the study of its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and objectivity) were made in conjunction with neuropsychological researchers, who participate actively in the software design, based on the patients or other subjects of investigation feedback.

Voos, J A [Clinical Engineering R and D Center, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Facultad Regional Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina); Vigliecca, N S [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, CONICET, Cordoba (Argentina); Gonzalez, E A [Clinical Engineering R and D Center, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Facultad Regional Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina)

2007-11-15

101

Environmental Studies with the Sensor Web: Principles and Practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 1997, the Sensor Web was conceived at the NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPLto take advantage of the increasingly inexpensive, yet sophisticated, mass consumer-marketchips for the computer and telecommunication industries and use them to create platforms thatshare information among themselves and act in concert as a single instrument. This instrumentwould be embedded into an environment to monitor and even control it. The Sensor Web’spurpose is to extract knowledge from the data it collects and use this information to intelligentlyreact and adapt to its surroundings. It links a remote end-user's cognizance with the observedenvironment. Here, we examine not only current progress in the Sensor Web technology, butalso its recent application to problems in hydrology to illustrate the general concepts involved.

Victor R. Baker

2005-02-01

102

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN): Architectural Design issues and Challenges  

OpenAIRE

Wireless sensor network (WSN) is an infrastructure less, low cost, dynamic topology, appplication oriented, multihoping network design with small, low power, sensing wireless distributed nods. WSN designing become more complex due to characterstics of deploying nodes, security, authentication and its operation scenario. This paper presents an analytical view on WSN architecture design issues, its objectives andimplementation challenges.

Ajay Jangra; Swati; Richa,; Priyanka

2010-01-01

103

Scientific Workflows and the Sensor Web for Virtual Environmental Observatories  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual observatories mature from their original domain and become common practice for earth observation research and policy building. The term Virtual Observatory originally came from the astronomical research community. Here, virtual observatories provide universal access to the available astronomical data archives of space and ground-based observatories. Further on, as those virtual observatories aim at integrating heterogeneous ressources provided by a number of participating organizations, the virtual observatory acts as a coordinating entity that strives for common data analysis techniques and tools based on common standards. The Sensor Web is on its way to become one of the major virtual observatories outside of the astronomical research community. Like the original observatory that consists of a number of telescopes, each observing a specific part of the wave spectrum and with a collection of astronomical instruments, the Sensor Web provides a multi-eyes perspective on the current, past, as well as future situation of our planet and its surrounding spheres. The current view of the Sensor Web is that of a single worldwide collaborative, coherent, consistent and consolidated sensor data collection, fusion and distribution system. The Sensor Web can perform as an extensive monitoring and sensing system that provides timely, comprehensive, continuous and multi-mode observations. This technology is key to monitoring and understanding our natural environment, including key areas such as climate change, biodiversity, or natural disasters on local, regional, and global scales. The Sensor Web concept has been well established with ongoing global research and deployment of Sensor Web middleware and standards and represents the foundation layer of systems like the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The Sensor Web consists of a huge variety of physical and virtual sensors as well as observational data, made available on the Internet at standardized interfaces. All data sets and sensor communication follow well-defined abstract models and corresponding encodings, mostly developed by the OGC Sensor Web Enablement initiative. Scientific progress is currently accelerated by an emerging new concept called scientific workflows, which organize and manage complex distributed computations. A scientific workflow represents and records the highly complex processes that a domain scientist typically would follow in exploration, discovery and ultimately, transformation of raw data to publishable results. The challenge is now to integrate the benefits of scientific workflows with those provided by the Sensor Web in order to leverage all resources for scientific exploration, problem solving, and knowledge generation. Scientific workflows for the Sensor Web represent the next evolutionary step towards efficient, powerful, and flexible earth observation frameworks and platforms. Those platforms support the entire process from capturing data, sharing and integrating, to requesting additional observations. Multiple sites and organizations will participate on single platforms and scientists from different countries and organizations interact and contribute to large-scale research projects. Simultaneously, the data- and information overload becomes manageable, as multiple layers of abstraction will free scientists to deal with underlying data-, processing or storage peculiarities. The vision are automated investigation and discovery mechanisms that allow scientists to pose queries to the system, which in turn would identify potentially related resources, schedules processing tasks and assembles all parts in workflows that may satisfy the query.

Simonis, I.; Vahed, A.

2008-12-01

104

Semantic Access to Sensor Observations through Web APIs.  

OpenAIRE

Sensor networks are often deployed with the purpose of providing data to large-scale information management and GIS systems, or to collect measurements for specific scientific experiments. The benefits of such use are clear and widely accepted. The reuse of observations in low-cost, lightweight, web applications and mashups is a further compelling use case for sensor networks, but requires provision of data through simple mechanisms, readily accessible, that are quick to develop with. To enab...

Page, Kr; Frazer, A.; Nagel, Bj; Roure, Dd; Martinez, K.

2011-01-01

105

A Survey of Sensor Web Services for the Smart Grid  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The broad use ofWireless Sensor Networks (WSN in various fields have resulted in growing demand for advanced data collection and querying mechanisms embedded in the sensor node. Sensor Web Services (SWS have recently emerged as a promising tool to enable external machines to have access to the information collected by public sensor webs. Machine-to-machine interactions or wireless sensor and actor networks can take advantage of this platform-independent technology to develop diverse smart grid applications. In this survey, we first briefly present the state of the art in SWS technology by describing the techniques for customizing web services to fit the sensor node capabilities such as customizing the WSDL file, compressing XML documents and redesigning TCP protocol. Then, we survey the studies that have utilized the SWS technology in smart grid applications. These studies have shown that SWS provide energy management capabilities to the consumers and the utilities, and they are well suited for smart grid integrated smart home solutions.

Omar Asad

2013-03-01

106

Secure, Mobile Visual Sensor Networks Architecture  

OpenAIRE

As Wireless Sensor Network-based solutions are proliferating they are facing new challenges: they must be capable of adapting to rapidly changing environments and requirements while their nodes should have low power consumption as they usually run on batteries. Moreover, the security aspect is crucial since they frequently transmit and process very sensitive data, while it is important to be able to support real-time video or processed images over their limited bandwidth links. SMART targets ...

Ladis, E.; Papaefstathio, I.; Marchesani, R.; Tuinenbreijer, K.; Langendo?rfer, Peter; Zahariadis, Theodore; Leligou, H. C.; Redondo, L.; Riesgo Alcaide, Teresa; Kannegiesser, P.; Berekovic, M.; Rijn, C. J. M.

2009-01-01

107

Sensor Architecture and Task Classification for Agricultural Vehicles and Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The long time wish of endowing agricultural vehicles with an increasing degree of autonomy is becoming a reality thanks to two crucial facts: the broad diffusion of global positioning satellite systems and the inexorable progress of computers and electronics. Agricultural vehicles are currently the only self-propelled ground machines commonly integrating commercial automatic navigation systems. Farm equipment manufacturers and satellite-based navigation system providers, in a joint effort, have pushed this technology to unprecedented heights; yet there are many unresolved issues and an unlimited potential still to uncover. The complexity inherent to intelligent vehicles is rooted in the selection and coordination of the optimum sensors, the computer reasoning techniques to process the acquired data, and the resulting control strategies for automatic actuators. The advantageous design of the network of onboard sensors is necessary for the future deployment of advanced agricultural vehicles. This article analyzes a variety of typical environments and situations encountered in agricultural fields, and proposes a sensor architecture especially adapted to cope with them. The strategy proposed groups sensors into four specific subsystems: global localization, feedback control and vehicle pose, non-visual monitoring, and local perception. The designed architecture responds to vital vehicle tasks classified within three layers devoted to safety, operative information, and automatic actuation. The success of this architecture, implemented and tested in various agricultural vehicles over the last decade, rests on its capacity to integrate redundancy and incorporate new technologies in a practical way.

Francisco Rovira-Más

2010-12-01

108

Digital Pixel Sensor Array with Logarithmic Delta-Sigma Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Like the human eye, logarithmic image sensors achieve wide dynamic range easily at video rates, but, unlike the human eye, they suffer from low peak signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratios (PSNDRs. To improve the PSNDR, we propose integrating a delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter (ADC in each pixel. An image sensor employing this architecture is designed, built and tested in 0.18 micron complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS technology. It achieves a PSNDR better than state-of-the-art logarithmic sensors and comparable to the human eye. As the approach concerns an array of many ADCs, we use a small-area low-power delta-sigma design. For scalability, each pixel has its own decimator. The prototype is compared to a variety of other image sensors, linear and nonlinear, from industry and academia.

Jing Li

2013-08-01

109

A Security Architecture for Grid-enabling OGC Web Services  

Science.gov (United States)

In the proposed presentation we describe an architectural solution for enabling a secure access to Grids and possibly other large scale on-demand processing infrastructures through OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) Web Services (OWS). This work has been carried out in the context of the security thread of the G-OWS Working Group. G-OWS (gLite enablement of OGC Web Services) is an international open initiative started in 2008 by the European CYCLOPS , GENESI-DR, and DORII Project Consortia in order to collect/coordinate experiences in the enablement of OWS's on top of the gLite Grid middleware. G-OWS investigates the problem of the development of Spatial Data and Information Infrastructures (SDI and SII) based on the Grid/Cloud capacity in order to enable Earth Science applications and tools. Concerning security issues, the integration of OWS compliant infrastructures and gLite Grids needs to address relevant challenges, due to their respective design principles. In fact OWS's are part of a Web based architecture that demands security aspects to other specifications, whereas the gLite middleware implements the Grid paradigm with a strong security model (the gLite Grid Security Infrastructure: GSI). In our work we propose a Security Architectural Framework allowing the seamless use of Grid-enabled OGC Web Services through the federation of existing security systems (mostly web based) with the gLite GSI. This is made possible mediating between different security realms, whose mutual trust is established in advance during the deployment of the system itself. Our architecture is composed of three different security tiers: the user's security system, a specific G-OWS security system, and the gLite Grid Security Infrastructure. Applying the separation-of-concerns principle, each of these tiers is responsible for controlling the access to a well-defined resource set, respectively: the user's organization resources, the geospatial resources and services, and the Grid resources. While the gLite middleware is tied to a consolidated security approach based on X.509 certificates, our system is able to support different kinds of user's security infrastructures. Our central component, the G-OWS Security Framework, is based on the OASIS WS-Trust specifications and on the OGC GeoRM architectural framework. This allows to satisfy advanced requirements such as the enforcement of specific geospatial policies and complex secure web service chained requests. The typical use case is represented by a scientist belonging to a given organization who issues a request to a G-OWS Grid-enabled Web Service. The system initially asks the user to authenticate to his/her organization's security system and, after verification of the user's security credentials, it translates the user's digital identity into a G-OWS identity. This identity is linked to a set of attributes describing the user's access rights to the G-OWS services and resources. Inside the G-OWS Security system, access restrictions are applied making use of the enhanced Geospatial capabilities specified by the OGC GeoXACML. If the required action needs to make use of the Grid environment the system checks if the user is entitled to access a Grid infrastructure. In that case his/her identity is translated to a temporary Grid security token using the Short Lived Credential Services (IGTF Standard). In our case, for the specific gLite Grid infrastructure, some information (VOMS Attributes) is plugged into the Grid Security Token to grant the access to the user's Virtual Organization Grid resources. The resulting token is used to submit the request to the Grid and also by the various gLite middleware elements to verify the user's grants. Basing on the presented framework, the G-OWS Security Working Group developed a prototype, enabling the execution of OGC Web Services on the EGEE Production Grid through the federation with a Shibboleth based security infrastructure. Future plans aim to integrate other Web authentication services such as OpenID, Kerberos and WS-Federation.

Angelini, Valerio; Petronzio, Luca

2010-05-01

110

ARPENTEUR:A WEB-BASED PHOTOGRAMMETRY TOOL FOR
ARCHITECTURAL MODELING
 

OpenAIRE

ARPENTEUR (as Architectural PhotogrammEtry Network Tool for EdUcation and Research) is a web application fordigital photogrammetry mainly dedicated to architecture. ARPENTEUR has been developed since 1998 by two French research teams: the "Photogrammetry and Geomatics" group of ENSAIS-LERGEC's laboratory (Strasbourg, France) and the MAP-gamsau CNRS laboratory located in the school of Architecture of Marseille (France). The software package is a Web based tool since photogrammetric concepts ar...

Drap, Pierre; Grussenmeyer, Pierre

2001-01-01

111

Architecture for Integrating Desktop and Web 2.0 Data Management  

OpenAIRE

A new form of personal information fragmentation is arising due to the rapid growth in Web 2.0 applications and their use for the management of data typically associated with desktop applications. We propose a data management architecture that allows data to be shared between desktop and Web 2.0 applications. The architecture supports a separation of concerns between the management of personal data and its publication on the Web to social networks.

Leone, Stefania; Grossniklaus, Michael; Norrie, Moira C.

2008-01-01

112

Sensor integration architectures for homeland security  

Science.gov (United States)

Achieving effective Homeland Security requires the instantiation of automatic, intelligent and vigilant systems of systems, which integrate a diverse array of sensor, signal, and information processing technologies. While the cost and performance envelopes of in-situ and remote sensing systems continuously improve, synergistically combining these sensory inputs to provide actionable, utilitarian information presents significant but tractable architecting challenges. This paper explores Homeland Security 's critical enabling sensing technologies. It also examines and analyzes in greater depth critical communication and information infrastructure challenges. Only when new communications frameworks, which aggregate relevant data, generate and disseminate mission-critical information products, will we achieve the kind of tailored situational awareness Homeland Security requires.

Hamilton, Mark K.; Kramer, Michael J.; Feddes, Robert G.; Giannetti, Charles W.

2002-07-01

113

Software Architecture of Sensor Data Distribution In Planetary Exploration  

Science.gov (United States)

Data from mobile and stationary sensors will be vital in planetary surface exploration. The distribution and collection of sensor data in an ad-hoc wireless network presents a challenge. Irregular terrain, mobile nodes, new associations with access points and repeaters with stronger signals as the network reconfigures to adapt to new conditions, signal fade and hardware failures can cause: a) Data errors; b) Out of sequence packets; c) Duplicate packets; and d) Drop out periods (when node is not connected). To mitigate the effects of these impairments, a robust and reliable software architecture must be implemented. This architecture must also be tolerant of communications outages. This paper describes such a robust and reliable software infrastructure that meets the challenges of a distributed ad hoc network in a difficult environment and presents the results of actual field experiments testing the principles and actual code developed.

Lee, Charles; Alena, Richard; Stone, Thom; Ossenfort, John; Walker, Ed; Notario, Hugo

2006-01-01

114

Service-Oriented Architectures and Web Services: Course Tutorial Notes  

CERN Document Server

This document presents a number of quick-step instructions to get started on writing mini-service-oriented web services-based applications using NetBeans 6.5.x, Tomcat 6, GlassFish 2.1, and Java 1.6 primarily in Fedora 9 Linux with user quota restrictions. While the tutorial notes are oriented towards the students taking the SOEN691A course on service-oriented architectures (SOA) at Computer Science and Software Engineering (CSE) Department, Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science (ENCS), other may find some of it useful as well outside of CSE or Concordia. The notes are compiled mostly based on the students' needs and feedback.

Mokhov, Serguei A

2009-01-01

115

A Web Services based Approach for Resource-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The large diffusion of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs in our contemporary life with their numerous applications has led to a huge heterogeneity. This heterogeneity makes the possibility of discovering and collecting data from the wireless sensors more and more difficult. Indeed, WSNs are currently developed around different communities of sensor and user types, with each community typically relying on its own system, metadata semantics, data format and software. Therefore, the ability to discover and utilize a new sensor asset is typically hindered by incompatible services and encodings which can cause interoperability between different sensor nodes within the same WSN. Service-Oriented-Architecture (SOA is one of the key paradigms that enables the deployment of services at large-scale over the Internet domain and its integration with WSNs could open new pathways for novel applications and research. Despite the need to integrate SOA with WSNs, only handful efforts are underway to achieve the goal. In this paper, we tackle integration of SOA with WSNs by proposing a Lightweight Representational State Transfer (REST-based Web Services approach to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way.

Sana Baccar

2012-05-01

116

Architecture for Improving Terrestrial Logistics Based on the Web of Things  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM, in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. This paper presents how the Internet of Things is integrated for improving terrestrial logistics offering a comprehensive and flexible architecture, with high scalability, according to the specific needs for reaching an item-level continuous monitoring solution. The major contribution from this work is the optimization of the Embedded Web Services based on RESTful (Web of Things for the access to TTM services at any time during the transportation of goods. Specifically, it has been extended the monitoring patterns such as observe and blockwise transfer for the requirements from the continuous conditional monitoring, and for the transfer of full inventories and partial ones based on conditional queries. In definitive, this work presents an evolution of the previous TTM solutions, which were limited to trailer identification and environment monitoring, to a solution which is able to provide an exhaustive item-level monitoring, required for several use cases. This exhaustive monitoring has required new communication capabilities through the Web of Things, which has been optimized with the use and improvement of a set of communications patterns.

Antonio Skarmeta

2012-05-01

117

Architecture for service-oriented WebGIS in the mode of multilevel multilayer organizing  

Science.gov (United States)

Service-oriented WebGIS is becoming a new trend of WebGIS. Under this schema, GIS data and operations are enveloped into self-organized as well as self-described GIS web services. Via flexibly assembling theses web services, GIS applications can be designed and implemented. Based on such, the bottleneck in spatial data sharing and GIS operations can be widened to a certain extent. In this article, architecture for service-oriented WebGIS in the mode of Multilevel-multilayer Organizing was focused on, and the hierarchical architecture for GIS web services, multi-level query for GIS Web services as well as functions of intelligent manager were presented and demonstrating. In a case study, a land use planning management information system for Yubei district, Chongqing city, had been developed based on web service technique to demonstrate proposed feasibility.

Li, Feixue; Li, Manchun; Liang, Jian

2007-06-01

118

Digital Architecture for a Trace Gas Sensor Platform  

Science.gov (United States)

A digital architecture has been implemented for a trace gas sensor platform, as a companion to standard analog control electronics, which accommodates optical absorption whose fractional absorbance equivalent would result in excess error if assumed to be linear. In cases where the absorption (1-transmission) is not equivalent to the fractional absorbance within a few percent error, it is necessary to accommodate the actual measured absorption while reporting the measured concentration of a target analyte with reasonable accuracy. This requires incorporation of programmable intelligence into the sensor platform so that flexible interpretation of the acquired data may be accomplished. Several different digital component architectures were tested and implemented. Commercial off-the-shelf digital electronics including data acquisition cards (DAQs), complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and microcontrollers have been used to achieve the desired outcome. The most completely integrated architecture achieved during the project used the CPLD along with a microcontroller. The CPLD provides the initial digital demodulation of the raw sensor signal, and then communicates over a parallel communications interface with a microcontroller. The microcontroller analyzes the digital signal from the CPLD, and applies a non-linear correction obtained through extensive data analysis at the various relevant EVA operating pressures. The microcontroller then presents the quantitatively accurate carbon dioxide partial pressure regardless of optical density. This technique could extend the linear dynamic range of typical absorption spectrometers, particularly those whose low end noise equivalent absorbance is below one-part-in-100,000. In the EVA application, it allows introduction of a path-length-enhancing architecture whose optical interference effects are well understood and quantified without sacrificing the dynamic range that allows quantitative detection at the higher carbon dioxide partial pressures. The digital components are compact and allow reasonably complete integration with separately developed analog control electronics without sacrificing size, mass, or power draw.

Gonzales, Paula; Casias, Miguel; Vakhtin, Andrei; Pilgrim, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

119

Underwater Sensor Networks: A New Energy Efficient and Robust Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The specific characteristics of underwater environments introduce new challenges for networking protocols. In this paper, a specialized architecture for underwater sensor networks (UWSNs is proposed and evaluated. Experiments are conducted in order to analyze the suitability of this protocol for the subaquatic transmission medium. Moreover, different scheduling techniques are applied to the architecture in order to study their performance. In addition, given the harsh conditions of the underwater medium, different retransmission methods are combined with the scheduling techniques. Finally, simulation results illustrate the performance achievements of the proposed protocol in end-to-end delay, packet delivery ratio and energy consumption, showing that this protocol can be very suitable for the underwater medium.

Juan José Serrano

2012-01-01

120

A Single-Transistor Active Pixel CMOS Image Sensor Architecture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A single-transistor CMOS active pixel image sensor (1 T CMOS APS) architecture is proposed. By switching the photosensing pinned diode, resetting and selecting can be achieved by diode pull-up and capacitive coupling pull-down of the source follower. Thus, the reset and selected transistors can be removed. In addition, the reset and selected signal lines can be shared to reduce the metal signal line, leading to a very high fill factor. The pixel design and operation principles are discussed in detail. The functionality of the proposed 1T CMOS APS architecture has been experimentally verified using a fabricated chip in a standard 0.35 ?m CMOS AMIS technology

121

The Mellon Fedora Project: Digital Library Architecture Meets XML and Web Services  

OpenAIRE

The University of Virginia received a grant of $1,000,000 from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to enable the Library, in collaboration with Cornell University, to build a digital object repository system based on the Flexible Extensible Digital Object and Repository Architecture (Fedora). The new system demonstrates how distributed digital library architecture can be deployed using web-based technologies, including XML and Web services. The new system is designed to be a fou...

Payette, Sandra; Staples, Thornton

2013-01-01

122

A Lightweight Access for Hybrid Mobile Web Cloud Content Architecture  

OpenAIRE

The web was first design to just provide information that could be hosted over traditional client server model, the fast growth of web content and large numbers of web content today, trend to utilize the cloud computing and hyper mobile web, which provide instant computing power, scalability, availability, saving time and administration effort. Today there is an increasing demand for accessing the Internet from mobile devices, which becoming very popular, mobile web access now is an integral ...

Guirguis, Shawkat K.; El-zoghabi, Adel A.; Hassan, Mohamed A.

2014-01-01

123

An architecture for "Web Of Things" using SOCKS protocol based IPv6/IPv4 gatewaying for heterogeneous communication  

CERN Document Server

"Web Of Things" evolved from "Internet Of Things". Lot of research has been done in designing architecture for "Web Of Things". Two main architectures are Smart gateway based architecture and embedded Web Server based architecture. These architectures address some of the basic and essential issues relating to Service Oriented Architecture for "Web Of Things". Taking into consideration the period of coexistence of IPv4 and IPv6 we propose an architecture using SOCKS protocol based IPv6/IPv4 gatewaying and refinements which facilitates smooth heterogeneous communications between the IPv6 and IPv4 enabled embedded nodes and can potentially be used to prevent security threats like Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks on embedded devices attached to the web and increase its performance. Our architecture provides a way for caching responses from device and thereby increasing its efficiency and performance and yielding quick response times.

Patnaikuni, P Shrinivasan R

2011-01-01

124

“Wireless Sensor Networks - Architectures, Protocols, Simulators and Applications: a Survey”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs have emerged as a new research technology in the distributed computing environment and plays a very important role in the pervasive computing to support various applications. It has a great potential to be utilized in battlefields and in different commercial applications like traffic surveillance, habitat monitoring, construction structures, smart homes, offices and many more. Research on several aspects of WSNs like energy efficiency, power management, rouunrting, topology control, data management and security are progressing extensively. In this technical paper a survey on recent trends in wireless sensor network research, different topologies, routing protocols, simulators and applications is carried out. A smart WSN consists of sensor nodes made of small electronic device and are deployed across a geographical area. These nodes carry out the sensing, processing and transmission of data from different physical environments. They depend on batteries which get drained very soon due to the computation and data transmission to other nodes. The architectures of WSN are mainly depending on application requirements. WSN is a multidisciplinary area of research where different applications developers, users, hardware and software designers need to work closely to implement an efficient application. The different characteristics of the sensor network like flexibility, fault tolerance, high sensing fidelity, low cost and rapid deployment create many new and exciting application areas.

S. G. Shiva Prasad Yadav

2012-09-01

125

Sensor-based architecture for medical imaging workflow analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The growing use of computer systems in medical institutions has been generating a tremendous quantity of data. While these data have a critical role in assisting physicians in the clinical practice, the information that can be extracted goes far beyond this utilization. This article proposes a platform capable of assembling multiple data sources within a medical imaging laboratory, through a network of intelligent sensors. The proposed integration framework follows a SOA hybrid architecture based on an information sensor network, capable of collecting information from several sources in medical imaging laboratories. Currently, the system supports three types of sensors: DICOM repository meta-data, network workflows and examination reports. Each sensor is responsible for converting unstructured information from data sources into a common format that will then be semantically indexed in the framework engine. The platform was deployed in the Cardiology department of a central hospital, allowing identification of processes' characteristics and users' behaviours that were unknown before the utilization of this solution. PMID:24957389

Silva, Luís A Bastião; Campos, Samuel; Costa, Carlos; Oliveira, José Luis

2014-08-01

126

Semantic Web-Driven LMS Architecture towards a Holistic Learning Process Model Focused on Personalization  

Science.gov (United States)

A comprehensive presentation is here made on the modular architecture of an e-learning platform with a distinctive emphasis on content personalization, combining advantages from semantic web technology, collaborative filtering and recommendation systems. Modules of this architecture handle information about both the domain-specific didactic…

Kerkiri, Tania

2010-01-01

127

Service-oriented reasoning architecture for resource-task assignment in sensor networks  

Science.gov (United States)

The net-centric ISR/ISTAR networks are expected to play a crucial role in the success of critical tasks such as base perimeter protection, border patrol and so on. To accomplish these tasks in an effective and expedient manner, it is important that these networks have the embedded capabilities to discover, delegate, and gather relevant information in a timely and robust manner. In this paper, we present a system architecture and an implementation that combines a service based reasoning mechanism with a sensor middleware infrastructure so that tasks can be executed efficiently and effectively. A knowledge base, utilising the Semantic Web technologies, provides the foundation for reasoning mechanism that assists users to discover, identify and allocate resources that are made available through the middleware, in order to satisfy the needs of tasks. Once resources are allocated to any given task, they can be accessed, controlled, shared, and their data feeds consumed through the Fabric middleware. We use the semantic descriptions from the knowledge base to annotate the resources (types, capabilities, etc.) in the sensor middleware so that they can be retrieved for reasoning during the discovery and identification phases. The reasoner is implemented as a HTTP web service, with the following characteristics: 1. Computational intensive operations are off-loaded to dedicated nodes, preserving the resources in the ISR/ISTAR networks. 2. HTTP services are accessible through a standard set of APIs irrespective of the reasoner technology used. 3. Support for seamless integration of different reasoners into the system.

de Mel, Geeth; Bergamaschi, Flavio; Pham, Tien; Vasconcelos, Wamberto; Norman, Tim

2011-06-01

128

Solving Web-based Applications Architectural Problems in the Cloud: The Way Forward  

OpenAIRE

Highly-available and scalable software systems can be a complex and expensive proposition. Traditional scalable software architectures have not only needed to implement complex solutions to ensure high levels of reliability, but have also required an accurate forecast of traffic to provide a high level of customer service. This traditional software architecture is built around a common three-tier web application model that separates the architecture into presentation, business logic and datab...

Philip Achimugu; Oluwatolani Oluwagbemi; Ishaya Gambo

2012-01-01

129

Seamonster: A Smart Sensor Web in Southeast Alaska  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Science (ROSES) program is supporting a wireless sensor network project as part of its Advanced Information Systems Technology "Smart Sensor Web" initiative. The project, entitled Seamonster (for SouthEast Alaska MONitoring Network for Science, Telecomm, and Education Research) is led by the University of Alaska Southeast (Juneau) in collaboration with Microsoft- Vexcel in Boulder Colorado. This paper describes both the data acquisition components and science research objectives of Seamonster. The underlying data acquisition concept is to facilitate geophysics data acquisition by providing a wireless backbone for data recovery. Other researchers would be encouraged to emplace their own sensors together with short-range wireless (ZigBee, Bluetooth, etc). Through a common protocol the backbone will receive data from these sensors and relay them to a wired server. This means that the investigator can receive their data via email on a daily basis thereby cutting cost and monitoring sensor health. With environmental hardening and fairly high bandwidth and long range (100kbps/50km to 5mpbs/15km per hop) the network is intended to cover large areas and operate in harsh environments. Low power sensors and intelligent power management within the backbone are the dual ideas to contend with typical power/cost/data dilemmas. Seamonster science will focus over the next three years on hydrology and glaciology in a succession of valleys near Juneau in various stages of deglaciation, in effect providing a synopsis of a millennium-timescale process in a single moment. The instrumentation will include GPS, geophones, digital photography, met stations, and a suite of stream state and water quality sensors. Initial focus is on the Lemon Creek watershed with expansion to follow in subsequent years. The project will ideally expand to include marine and biological monitoring components.

Fatland, D. R.; Heavner, M. J.; Hood, E.; Connor, C.; Nagorski, S.

2006-12-01

130

Mediated data integration and transformation for web service-based software architectures  

OpenAIRE

Service-oriented architecture using XML-based web services has been widely accepted by many organisations as the standard infrastructure to integrate heterogeneous and autonomous data sources. As a result, many Web service providers are built up on top of the data sources to share the data by supporting provided and required interfaces and methods of data access in a unified manner. In the context of data integration, problems arise when Web services are assembled to deliver an integrated vie...

Zhu, Yaoling; Pahl, Claus

2006-01-01

131

Text Mining-Based Semantic Web Architecture (TMSWA) for e-Learning Systems  

OpenAIRE

This paper highlights semantic web techniques and proposes architecture for e-Learning-based systems for the academic portal. Text mining is used with the proposed model for better processing of unstructured data available in XML and RDF formats. An algorithm will be used to support building a web retrieval system to extract the hidden knowledge for the semantic web by ontologies for e-learning items to classify and find the relationships between the leaning items via the academic portal.

Hamad Ibrahim

2014-01-01

132

Development of Integration Framework for Sensor Network and Satellite Image based on OGC Web Services  

Science.gov (United States)

With the availability of network enabled sensing devices, the volume of information being collected by networked sensors has increased dramatically in recent years. Over 100 physical, chemical and biological properties can be sensed using in-situ or remote sensing technology. A collection of these sensor nodes forms a sensor network, which is easily deployable to provide a high degree of visibility into real-world physical processes as events unfold. The sensor observation network could allow gathering of diverse types of data at greater spatial and temporal resolution, through the use of wired or wireless network infrastructure, thus real-time or near-real time data from sensor observation network allow researchers and decision-makers to respond speedily to events. However, in the case of environmental monitoring, only a capability to acquire in-situ data periodically is not sufficient but also the management and proper utilization of data also need to be careful consideration. It requires the implementation of database and IT solutions that are robust, scalable and able to interoperate between difference and distributed stakeholders to provide lucid, timely and accurate update to researchers, planners and citizens. The GEO (Global Earth Observation) Grid is primarily aiming at providing an e-Science infrastructure for the earth science community. The GEO Grid is designed to integrate various kinds of data related to the earth observation using the grid technology, which is developed for sharing data, storage, and computational powers of high performance computing, and is accessible as a set of services. A comprehensive web-based system for integrating field sensor and data satellite image based on various open standards of OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) specifications has been developed. Web Processing Service (WPS), which is most likely the future direction of Web-GIS, performs the computation of spatial data from distributed data sources and returns the outcome in a standard format. The interoperability capabilities and Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) of web services allow incorporating between sensor network measurement available from Sensor Observation Service (SOS) and satellite remote sensing data from Web Mapping Service (WMS) as distributed data sources for WPS. Various applications have been developed to demonstrate the efficacy of integrating heterogeneous data source. For example, the validation of the MODIS aerosol products (MOD08_D3, the Level-3 MODIS Atmosphere Daily Global Product) by ground-based measurements using the sunphotometer (skyradiometer, Prede POM-02) installed at Phenological Eyes Network (PEN) sites in Japan. Furthermore, the web-based framework system for studying a relationship between calculated Vegetation Index from MODIS satellite image surface reflectance (MOD09GA, the Surface Reflectance Daily L2G Global 1km and 500m Product) and Gross Primary Production (GPP) field measurement at flux tower site in Thailand and Japan has been also developed. The success of both applications will contribute to maximize data utilization and improve accuracy of information by validate MODIS satellite products using high degree of accuracy and temporal measurement of field measurement data.

Ninsawat, Sarawut; Yamamoto, Hirokazu; Kamei, Akihide; Nakamura, Ryosuke; Tsuchida, Satoshi; Maeda, Takahisa

2010-05-01

133

Architecture of A Scalable Dynamic Parallel WebCrawler with High Speed Downloadable Capability for a Web Search Engine  

OpenAIRE

Today World Wide Web (WWW) has become a huge ocean of information and it is growing in size everyday. Downloading even a fraction of this mammoth data is like sailing through a huge ocean and it is a challenging task indeed. In order to download a large portion of data from WWW, it has become absolutely essential to make the crawling process parallel. In this paper we offer the architecture of a dynamic parallel Web crawler, christened as "WEB-SAILOR," which presents a scala...

Mukhopadhyay, Debajyoti; Mukherjee, Sajal; Ghosh, Soumya; Kar, Saheli; Kim, Young-chon

2011-01-01

134

Web-Based Interface for Command and Control of Network Sensors  

Science.gov (United States)

This software allows for the visualization and control of a network of sensors through a Web browser interface. It is currently being deployed for a network of sensors monitoring Mt. Saint Helen s volcano; however, this innovation is generic enough that it can be deployed for any type of sensor Web. From this interface, the user is able to fully control and monitor the sensor Web. This includes, but is not limited to, sending "test" commands to individual sensors in the network, monitoring for real-world events, and reacting to those events

Wallick, Michael N.; Doubleday, Joshua R.; Shams, Khawaja S.

2010-01-01

135

Incorporating Quality Control Information in the Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

The rapid development of sensing technologies had led to the creation of large amounts of heterogeneous environmental observations. The Sensor Web provides a wider access to sensors and observations via common protocols and specifications. Observations typically go through several levels of quality control, and aggregation before they are made available to end-users. Raw data are usually inspected, and related quality flags are assigned. Data are gap-filled, and errors are removed. New data series may also be derived from one or more corrected data sets. Until now, it is unclear how these kinds of information can be captured in the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework. Apart from the quality measures (e.g., accuracy, precision, tolerance, or confidence), the levels of observational series, the changes applied, and the methods involved must be specified. It is important that this kind of quality control information is well described and communicated to end-users to allow for a better usage and interpretation of data products. In this paper, we describe how quality control information can be incorporated into the SWE framework. Concerning this, first, we introduce the TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories), an initiative funded by the large research infrastructure program of the Helmholtz Association in Germany. The main goal of the initiative is to facilitate the study of long-term effects of climate and land use changes. The TERENO Online Data RepOsitORry (TEODOOR) is a software infrastructure that supports acquisition, provision, and management of observations within TERENO via SWE specifications and several other OGC web services. Next, we specify changes made to the existing observational data model to incorporate quality control information. Here, we describe the underlying TERENO data policy in terms of provision and maintenance issues. We present data levels, and their implementation within TEODOOR. The data levels are adapted from those used by other similar systems such as CUAHSI, EarthScope and WMO. Finally, we outline recommendations for future work.

Devaraju, Anusuriya; Kunkel, Ralf; Bogena, Heye

2013-04-01

136

Namibian Flood Early Warning SensorWeb Pilot  

Science.gov (United States)

The major goal of the Namibia SensorWeb Pilot Project is a scientifically sound, operational trans-boundary flood management decision support system for Southern African region to provide useful flood and waterborne disease forecasting tools for local decision makers. The Pilot Project established under the auspices of: Namibian Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry (MAWF), Department of Water Affairs; Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS), Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS); and moderated by the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER). The effort consists of identifying and prototyping technology which enables the rapid gathering and dissemination of both space-based and ground sensor data and data products for the purpose of flood disaster management and water-borne disease management.

Mandl, Daniel; Policelli, Fritz; Frye, Stuart; Cappelare, Pat; Langenhove, Guido Van; Szarzynski, Joerg; Sohlberg, Rob

2010-01-01

137

Architecture of A Scalable Dynamic Parallel WebCrawler with High Speed Downloadable Capability for a Web Search Engine  

CERN Document Server

Today World Wide Web (WWW) has become a huge ocean of information and it is growing in size everyday. Downloading even a fraction of this mammoth data is like sailing through a huge ocean and it is a challenging task indeed. In order to download a large portion of data from WWW, it has become absolutely essential to make the crawling process parallel. In this paper we offer the architecture of a dynamic parallel Web crawler, christened as "WEB-SAILOR," which presents a scalable approach based on Client-Server model to speed up the download process on behalf of a Web Search Engine in a distributed Domain-set specific environment. WEB-SAILOR removes the possibility of overlapping of downloaded documents by multiple crawlers without even incurring the cost of communication overhead among several parallel "client" crawling processes.

Mukhopadhyay, Debajyoti; Ghosh, Soumya; Kar, Saheli; Kim, Young-Chon

2011-01-01

138

Architecture for large-scale automatic web accessibility evaluation based on the UWEM methodology  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The European Internet Accessibility project (EIAO) has developed an Observatory for performing large scale automatic web accessibility evaluations of public sector web sites in Europe. The architecture includes a distributed web crawler that crawls web sites for links until either a given budget of web pages have been identified or the web site has been crawled exhaustively. Subsequently, a uniform random subset of the crawled web pages is sampled and sent for accessibility evaluation and the evaluation results are stored in a Resource Description Format (RDF) database that is later loaded into the EIAO data warehouse using an Extract-Transform-Load (ETL) tool. The aggregated indicator results in the data warehouse are finally presented in a Plone based online reporting tool. This paper describes the final version of the EIAO architecture and outlines some of the technical and architectural challenges that the project faced and the solutions developed towards building a system capable of regular large-scale accessibility evaluations with sufficient capacity and stability. It also outlines some possible future architectural improvements.

Ulltveit-Moe, Nils; Olsen, Morten Goodwin

2008-01-01

139

Architecture and Methods for Innovative Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays wireless sensor netwoks (WSN technology, wireless communications and digital electronics have made it realistic to produce a large scale miniaturized devices integrating sensing, processing and communication capabilities. The focus of this paper is to present an innovative mobile platform for heterogeneous sensor networks, combined with adaptive methods to optimize the communication architecture for novel potential applications in multimedia and entertainment. In fact, in the near future, some of the applications foreseen for WSNs will employ multi-platform systems with a high number of different devices, which may be completely different in nature, size, computational and energy capabilities, etc. Nowadays, in addition, data collection could be performed by UAV platforms which can be a sink for ground sensors layer, acting essentially as a mobile gateway. In order to maximize the system performances and the network lifespan, the authors propose a recently developed hybrid technique based on evolutionary algorithms. The goal of this procedure is to optimize the communication energy consumption in WSN by selecting the optimal multi-hop routing schemes, with a suitable hybridization of different routing criteria. The proposed approach can be potentially extended and applied to ongoing research projects focused on UAV-based sensing with WSN augmentation and real-time processing for immersive media experiences.

Pedro Antonio

2012-04-01

140

A New User Interface for On-Demand Customizable Data Products for Sensors in a SensorWeb  

Science.gov (United States)

A SensorWeb is a set of sensors, which can consist of ground, airborne and space-based sensors interoperating in an automated or autonomous collaborative manner. The NASA SensorWeb toolbox, developed at NASA/GSFC in collaboration with NASA/JPL, NASA/Ames and other partners, is a set of software and standards that (1) enables users to create virtual private networks of sensors over open networks; (2) provides the capability to orchestrate their actions; (3) provides the capability to customize the output data products and (4) enables automated delivery of the data products to the users desktop. A recent addition to the SensorWeb Toolbox is a new user interface, together with web services co-resident with the sensors, to enable rapid creation, loading and execution of new algorithms for processing sensor data. The web service along with the user interface follows the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard called Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS). This presentation will detail the prototype that was built and how the WCPS was tested against a HyspIRI flight testbed and an elastic computation cloud on the ground with EO-1 data. HyspIRI is a future NASA decadal mission. The elastic computation cloud stores EO-1 data and runs software similar to Amazon online shopping.

Mandl, Daniel; Cappelaere, Pat; Frye, Stuart; Sohlberg, Rob; Ly, Vuong; Chien, Steve; Sullivan, Don

2011-01-01

141

Development of BBD Adding-Delay Architecture for Ultrasonic Micro Array Sensor  

Science.gov (United States)

Bucket Brigade Device (BBD) adding-delay architecture was proposed as the analog beamformer for piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic sensor phased array. BBD adding-delay architecture were used both as delay and adding elements, and the input signals were distributed adding in the process of delay. This architecture was useful to reduce chip area, simplify system design, and realize on-chip integration. Combining piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic array sensors and the analog delay-sum circuits successfully performed two-dimensional object detection.

Tanaka, Tsunehisa; Mo, Yaowu; Tsuchitani, Akira; Inoue, Koji; Arita, Shigeru; Suzuki, Yoshihiko; Yamashita, Kaoru; Okuyama, Masanori

142

UTILIZATION OF WEB SERVICES FOR SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE  

OpenAIRE

Rapid evolution of software architectures has become nowadays trend, in which distributed processing has proven highly efficient. Multiple architectures for distributed processing are available based on object oriented and component oriented concepts having their own advantages and limitations. The main aspect of developing the consistent architectural framework is to reduce the development cost of IT solutions and to integrate the business partners and customers with various capabilities wit...

Mankad, Kunjal B.

2010-01-01

143

A survey on architectures, protocols, applications, and management in wireless sensor networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the recent technological advances in wireless communications, integrated digital circuits, and micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS; development of wireless sensor networks has been enabled and become dramatically feasible. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs are large networks made of a numerous number of sensor nodes with sensing, computation, and wireless communications capabilities. Many various routing, power management, and data dissemination protocols have been designed for wireless sensor networks (WSNs dependent on both the network architecture and the applications that it is designed for. In this paper, we present the state of the art of wireless sensor networks’ architecture and design features. Also, in this paper, we introduce recent work on routing protocols for WSNs and their design goals and challenges. Also, an overview of the application that WSNs assist in is presented. Finally, several open research questions of wireless sensor networks management and issues are suggested and put forward.   Keywords: application, architecture, management, protocol, wireless sensor network.

Samira Kalantary

2014-01-01

144

A Semantically Enhanced Searching Framework to Discover the Sensor Web Services for Wireless Sensor Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The semantic based sensor service discovery is proposed to enhance the discovery of sensor services. We know web is one of the best medium connecting the service providers with their clients. Wireless sensor service generates a large number of heterogeneous raw data, so its a big challenge now-a-days to organize these raw data using various techniques so as to make the discovery and the selection easy and efficient. This paper extends the functionality of UDDI by introducing semantic description which is stored in the semantic repository at the same time the service gets registered. To provide the requested services a match maker is usually required. The match making algorithm in this paper is a generic semantic discovery algorithm which is not restricted only to the keyword based search rather is used to find the best possible services and the selection of the right service for the right user.

Manoranjan Parhi

2012-05-01

145

Importance of the spatial data and the sensor web in the ubiquitous computing area  

Science.gov (United States)

Spatial data has become a critical issue in recent years. In the past years, nearly more than three quarters of databases, were related directly or indirectly to locations referring to physical features, which constitute the relevant aspects. Spatial data is necessary to identify or calculate the relationships between spatial objects when using spatial operators in programs or portals. Originally, calculations were conducted using Geographic Information System (GIS) programs on local computers. Subsequently, through the Internet, they formed a geospatial web, which is integrated into a discoverable collection of geographically related web standards and key features, and constitutes a global network of geospatial data that employs the World Wide Web to process textual data. In addition, the geospatial web is used to gather spatial data producers, resources, and users. Standards also constitute a critical dimension in further globalizing the idea of the geospatial web. The sensor web is an example of the real time service that the geospatial web can provide. Sensors around the world collect numerous types of data. The sensor web is a type of sensor network that is used for visualizing, calculating, and analyzing collected sensor data. Today, people use smart devices and systems more frequently because of the evolution of technology and have more than one mobile device. The considerable number of sensors and different types of data that are positioned around the world have driven the production of interoperable and platform-independent sensor web portals. The focus of such production has been on further developing the idea of an interoperable and interdependent sensor web of all devices that share and collect information. The other pivotal idea consists of encouraging people to use and send data voluntarily for numerous purposes with the some level of credibility. The principal goal is to connect mobile and non-mobile device in the sensor web platform together to operate for serving and collecting information from people.

Akçit, Nuhcan; Tomur, Emrah; Karsl?o?lu, Mahmut O.

2014-08-01

146

Solving Web-based Applications Architectural Problems in the Cloud: The Way Forward  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Highly-available and scalable software systems can be a complex and expensive proposition. Traditional scalable software architectures have not only needed to implement complex solutions to ensure high levels of reliability, but have also required an accurate forecast of traffic to provide a high level of customer service. This traditional software architecture is built around a common three-tier web application model that separates the architecture into presentation, business logic and database layers. This architecture has already been designed to scale out by adding additional hosts at these layers and has built-in performance, failover and availability features. Even with all these developments in architectural designs, some software still lacks in scalability, reliability and efficiency. This paper therefore examines the shortfalls of traditional software architectural problems with a view to addressing them using the cloud computing approach.

Philip Achimugu

2012-05-01

147

DEVELOP Chesapeake Bay Watershed Hydrology - UAV Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States, with a watershed extending through six states and the nation's capital. Urbanization and agriculture practices have led to an excess runoff of nutrients and sediment into the bay. Nutrients and sediment loading stimulate the growth of algal blooms associated with various problems including localized dissolved oxygen deficiencies, toxic algal blooms and death of marine life. The Chesapeake Bay Program, among other stakeholder organizations, contributes greatly to the restoration efforts of the Chesapeake Bay. These stakeholders contribute in many ways such as monitoring the water quality, leading clean-up projects, and actively restoring native habitats. The first stage of the DEVELOP Chesapeake Bay Coastal Management project, relating to water quality, contributed to the restoration efforts by introducing NASA satellite-based water quality data products to the stakeholders as a complement to their current monitoring methods. The second stage, to be initiated in the fall 2008 internship term, will focus on the impacts of land cover variability within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Multiple student led discussions with members of the Land Cover team at the Chesapeake Bay Program Office in the DEVELOP GSFC 2008 summer term uncovered the need for remote sensing data for hydrological mapping in the watershed. The Chesapeake Bay Program expressed in repeated discussions on Land Cover mapping that significant portions of upper river areas, streams, and the land directly interfacing those waters are not accurately depicted in the watershed model. Without such hydrological mapping correlated with land cover data the model will not be useful in depicting source areas of nutrient loading which has an ecological and economic impact in and around the Chesapeake Bay. The fall 2008 DEVELOP team will examine the use of UAV flown sensors in connection with in-situ and Earth Observation satellite data. To maximize the web of data, students will also examine the NASA's research into self organizing neural-networks to ensure the data is correlated in such a manner as to support the sensor web connections. Additionally, students will learn the operation and functionality of the Chesapeake Bay Program's watershed model to examine and determine the potential for integration of the sensor web data into the watershed model.

Holley, S. D.; Baruah, A.

2008-12-01

148

From Sensor to Observation Web with Environmental Enablers in the Future Internet  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper outlines the grand challenges in global sustainability research and the objectives of the FP7 Future Internet PPP program within the Digital Agenda for Europe. Large user communities are generating significant amounts of valuable environmental observations at local and regional scales using the devices and services of the Future Internet. These communities’ environmental observations represent a wealth of information which is currently hardly used or used only in isolation and therefore in need of integration with other information sources. Indeed, this very integration will lead to a paradigm shift from a mere Sensor Web to an Observation Web with semantically enriched content emanating from sensors, environmental simulations and citizens. The paper also describes the research challenges to realize the Observation Web and the associated environmental enablers for the Future Internet. Such an environmental enabler could for instance be an electronic sensing device, a web-service application, or even a social networking group affording or facilitating the capability of the Future Internet applications to consume, produce, and use environmental observations in cross-domain applications. The term “envirofied” Future Internet is coined to describe this overall target that forms a cornerstone of work in the Environmental Usage Area within the Future Internet PPP program. Relevant trends described in the paper are the usage of ubiquitous sensors (anywhere, the provision and generation of information by citizens, and the convergence of real and virtual realities to convey understanding of environmental observations. The paper addresses the technical challenges in the Environmental Usage Area and the need for designing multi-style service oriented architecture. Key topics are the mapping of requirements to capabilities, providing scalability and robustness with implementing context aware information retrieval. Another essential research topic is handling data fusion and model based computation, and the related propagation of information uncertainty. Approaches to security, standardization and harmonization, all essential for sustainable solutions, are summarized from the perspective of the Environmental Usage Area. The paper concludes with an overview of emerging, high impact applications in the environmental areas concerning land ecosystems (biodiversity, air quality (atmospheric conditions and water ecosystems (marine asset management.

Jose Lorenzo Mon

2011-03-01

149

Border security and surveillance system with smart cameras and motes in a Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we describe a prototype surveillance system that leverages smart sensor motes, intelligent video, and Sensor Web technologies to aid in large area monitoring operations and to enhance the security of borders and critical infrastructures. Intelligent video has emerged as a promising tool amid growing concern about border security and vulnerable entry points. However, numerous barriers exist that limit the effectiveness of surveillance video in large area protection; such as the number of cameras needed to provide coverage, large volumes of data to be processed and disseminated, lack of smart sensors to detect potential threats and limited bandwidth to capture and distribute video data. We present a concept prototype that addresses these obstacles by employing a Smart Video Node in a Sensor Web framework. Smart Video Node (SVN) is an IP video camera with automated event detection capability. SVNs are cued by inexpensive sensor motes to detect the existence of humans or vehicles. Based on sensor motes' observations cameras are slewed in to observe the activity and automated video analysis detects potential threats to be disseminated as "alerts". Sensor Web framework enables quick and efficient identification of available sensors, collects data from disparate sensors, automatically tasks various sensors based on observations or events received from other sensors, and receives and disseminates alerts from multiple sensors. The prototype system is implemented by leveraging intuVision's intelligent video, Northrop Grumman's sensor motes and SensorWeb technologies. Implementation of a deployable system with Smart Video Nodes and sensor motes within the SensorWeb platform is currently underway. The final product will have many applications in commercial, government and military systems.

Guler, Sadiye; Cole, Timothy; Silverstein, Jay; Pushee, Ian; Fairgrieve, Scott

2010-04-01

150

Performance Comparison of Middleware Architectures for Generating Dynamic Web Content  

OpenAIRE

On-line services are making increasing use of dynamically generated Web content. Serving dynamic content is more complex than serving static content. Besides a Web server, it typically involves a server-side application and a database to generate and store the dynamic content. A number of standard mechanisms have evolved to generate dynamic content. We evaluate three specific mechanisms in common use: PHP, Java servlets, and Enterprise Java Beans (EJB). These mechanisms represent three differ...

Cecchet, Emmanuel; Chanda, Anupam; Elnikety, Sameh; Marguerite, Julie; Zwaenepoel, Willy

2003-01-01

151

Evaluation of a Heterogeneous Sensor Network Architecture for Highly Mobile Users  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents experimental results of a heterogeneous sensor network architecture, which is a combination of a wireless sensor network and a personal area network. The proposed architecture uses the IEEE 802.15.4 standard to transmit sensor data to a sensor node which in turn forwards the data using TCP/IP to a database on the Internet via a Bluetooth-equipped mobile phone and the mobile telephone access network. The performance of the entire communication chain is evaluated. First, a 3...

Jerker Delsing; Jens Eliasson; Rumen Kyusakov; Chen Zhong

2011-01-01

152

Text Mining-Based Semantic Web Architecture (TMSWA for e-Learning Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper highlights semantic web techniques and proposes architecture for e-Learning-based systems for the academic portal. Text mining is used with the proposed model for better processing of unstructured data available in XML and RDF formats. An algorithm will be used to support building a web retrieval system to extract the hidden knowledge for the semantic web by ontologies for e-learning items to classify and find the relationships between the leaning items via the academic portal.

Hamad Ibrahim

2014-08-01

153

Patrones arquitectónicos sobre usabilidad en el dominio de las aplicaciones web / Architectural patterns regarding web application domain usability  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available En el contexto de las aplicaciones web, la usabilidad es una de las características de calidad con gran impacto en la aceptación por parte del usuario final. Sin embargo, la relación entre la usabilidad y la arquitectura del software no ha sido totalmente identificada y caracterizada. Algunos trabaj [...] os han encontrado algunas relaciones de la usabilidad con la arquitectura pero no con patrones arquitectónicos. La principal contribución de este artículo es la identificación de los patrones arquitectónicos y en qué medida éstos impactan en las propiedades de usabilidad en el contexto de las aplicaciones web. Este estudio tiene dos utilidades principales: la primera, para los arquitectos y diseñadores de nuevos productos, en la identificación temprana (a nivel de arquitectura) de posibles problemas o ventajas al usar algunos de ellos en una aplicación web; además, los arquitectos podrían identificar debilidades en el diseño inicial, incrementando la satisfacción del usuario final. Y la segunda, cuando una aplicación web está sido evaluada desde el punto de vista de la usabilidad, la detección de posibles problemas o debilidades implica que ésta deba ser mejorada, lo que conlleva a realizar cambios en la aplicación, en las interfaces y a nivel de su arquitectura, en este caso, los patrones permiten relacionar el problema y sugerir la solución más adecuada. El impacto de los patrones arquitectónicos estudiados en este trabajo han sido validados con dos pequeñas y medianas empresas (PyMes) colombianas, las cuales han ejercitado algunos de los patrones propuestos verificando su influencia en las propiedades de la usabilidad. Abstract in english Usability is one of the quality characteristics having the greatest impact on final user acceptation in a web application context. However, the relationship between usability and software architecture has not been completely identified and characterised. Some work has found some relationships betwee [...] n usability and architecture but not between architectural patterns. This paper´s main contribution lies in its identification of architecture patterns and how they have influenced usability within the context of web applications. This study is useful for architects and new product designers regarding the early identification of possible problems and/or advantages (at architectural level), using some of them in a web application. Additionally, architects could identify weaknesses in initial designs thereby increasing final user satisfaction. The study could be useful when a web application is being evaluated, since detecting possible usability problems or weaknesses implies that it should be improved. Consequently, some changes would be made to the application, both in its interfaces and at architectural level. In this case, the problem can be related and the most suitable solution be suggested in terms of patterns. The impact of this work´s architectural pattern has been validated on two Colombian small- and medium-sized enterprises which have exercised some of the proposed patterns and verified their influence on usability properties.

José Luis, Arciniegas Herrera; María Verónica, Fernández de Valdenebro; María Amparo, Hormiga Juspian; Aleyda, Tulande Arroyo; Cesar Alberto, Collazos Ordoñez.

2010-04-01

154

A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on thesociety`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuouslyonline investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses theobtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

Mehdi Naghavi

2012-02-01

155

A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs  

CERN Document Server

Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on the society`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuously online investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses the obtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

Naghavi, Mehdi; 10.5121/iju.2012.3102

2012-01-01

156

Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

INDRA is the first Information Technology company in Spain and it presents here, through a series of transparencies, its own approach for the remote experimentation architecture for long pulses (REAL). All the architecture is based on Java-2 platform standards and REAL is a totally open architecture. By itself REAL offers significant advantages: -) access authentication and authorization under multiple security implementations, -) local or remote network access: LAN, WAN, VPN..., -) on-line access to acquisition systems for monitoring and configuration, -) scalability, flexibility, robustness, platform independence,.... The BeansNet implementation of REAL gives additional good things such as: -) easy implementation, -) graphical tool for service composition and configuration, -) availability and hot-swap (no need of stopping or restarting services after update or remodeling, and -) INDRA support. The implementation of BeansNet at the TJ-2 stellarator at Ciemat is presented. This document is made of the presentation transparencies. (A.C.)

157

EChO fine guidance sensor design and architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

EChO, the Exoplanet Characterization Observatory, is an M-class candidate in the ESA Comic Vision programme. It will provide high resolution, multi-wavelength spectroscopic observations of exoplanets, measure their atmospheric composition, temperature and albedo. The scientific payload is a spectrometer covering the 0.4-11 micron waveband. High photometric stability over a time scale of about 10 hours is one of the most stringent requirements of the EChO mission. As a result, fine pointing stability relative to the host star is mandatory. This will be achieved through a Fine Guidance Sensor (FGS), a separate photometric channel that uses a fraction of the target star signal from the optical channel. The main task of the FGS is to ensure the centering, focusing and guiding of the satellite, but it will also provide supplemental high-precision astrometry and photometry of the target to ground for de-trending the spectra and complementary science. In this paper we give an overview of the current architectural design of the FGS subsystem and discuss related requirements as well as the expected performance.

Ottensamer, Roland; Rataj, Miroslaw; Schrader, Jan-Rutger; Ferstl, Roman; Güdel, Manuel; Kerschbaum, Franz; Luntzer, Armin

2014-08-01

158

Web based system architecture for long pulse remote experimentation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Remote experimentation (RE) methods will be essential in next generation fusion devices. Requirements for long pulse RE will be: on-line data visualization, on-line data acquisition processes monitoring and on-line data acquisition systems interactions (start, stop or set-up modifications). Note that these methods are not oriented to real-time control of fusion plant devices. INDRA Sistemas S.A., CIEMAT (Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas) and UPM (Universidad Politecnica de Madrid) have designed a specific software architecture for these purposes. The architecture can be supported on the BeansNet platform, whose integration with an application server provides an adequate solution to the requirements. BeansNet is a JINI based framework developed by INDRA, which makes easy the implementation of a remote experimentation model based on a Service Oriented Architecture. The new software architecture has been designed on the basis of the experience acquired in the development of an upgrade of the TJ-II remote experimentation system.

Heras, E. de las, E-mail: eheras@indra.e [INDRA Sistemas, S.A. Unidad de Sistemas de Control de Energia, Direccion de Tecnologia Energetica, Madrid (Spain); Lastra, D. [INDRA Sistemas, S.A. Unidad de Sistemas de Control de Energia, Direccion de Tecnologia Energetica, Madrid (Spain); Vega, J.; Castro, R. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion, Madrid (Spain); Ruiz, M.; Barrera, E. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Sistemas Electronicos y de Control, Madrid (Spain)

2010-07-15

159

Intelligent Information Retrieval and Web Mining Architecture Using SOA  

Science.gov (United States)

The study of this dissertation provides a solution to a very specific problem instance in the area of data mining, data warehousing, and service-oriented architecture in publishing and newspaper industries. The research question focuses on the integration of data mining and data warehousing. The research problem focuses on the development of…

El-Bathy, Naser Ibrahim

2010-01-01

160

A Real-Time-Enabled, Blackboard-Based, Publish/Subscribe Architecture for Wireless Sensor Nodes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless sensor network nodes have only limited resources concerning memory and battery life-time. Mem- ory can be efficiently used by sharing data, and the life-time of a battery can be extended, when the node has long power saving sleep-phases. We propose a publish/subscribe architecture that achieves these two aims. The results of our work are of great interest for sensor application developers, giving them now the opportu- nity to use our architecture for sharing data among different applications on the node as well as the different layers of the operating system. We introduce a blackboard which is used for centrally storing published val- ues, like measured data from a monitored sensor. This makes it possible to share stored data without monitoring the sensors once again, which is advantageously concerning power consumption, memory space, and reaction time. Beside the proposed publish/subscribe method for sensor nodes with its notification possibili- ties, our architecture fulfills also real-time requirements. We show how the well-known sensor operating system MANTIS OS can be extended by a real-time enabled, blackboard-based publish/subscribe architect- ture. This architecture and first of all its implementation is of special interest for cross layer optimization of sensor applications. Cross-layer approaches benefit from our architecture because the available implementa- tion can be used as an efficient framework for central storing and managing of shared values.

Bjorn Stelte

2010-08-01

161

Electro-optic architecture (EOA) for sensors and actuators in aircraft propulsion systems  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of a study to design an optimal architecture for electro-optical sensing and control in advanced aircraft and space systems are described. The propulsion full authority digital Electronic Engine Control (EEC) was the focus for the study. The recommended architecture is an on-engine EEC which contains electro-optic interface circuits for fiber-optic sensors on the engine. Size and weight are reduced by multiplexing arrays of functionally similar sensors on a pair of optical fibers to common electro-optical interfaces. The architecture contains common, multiplex interfaces to seven sensor groups: (1) self luminous sensors; (2) high temperatures; (3) low temperatures; (4) speeds and flows; (5) vibration; (6) pressures; and (7) mechanical positions. Nine distinct fiber-optic sensor types were found to provide these sensing functions: (1) continuous wave (CW) intensity modulators; (2) time division multiplexing (TDM) digital optic codeplates; (3) time division multiplexing (TDM) analog self-referenced sensors; (4) wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) digital optic code plates; (5) wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) analog self-referenced intensity modulators; (6) analog optical spectral shifters; (7) self-luminous bodies; (8) coherent optical interferometers; and (9) remote electrical sensors. The report includes the results of a trade study including engine sensor requirements, environment, the basic sensor types, and relevant evaluation criteria. These figures of merit for the candidate interface types were calculated from the data supplied by leading manufacturers of fiber-optic sensors.

Glomb, W. L., Jr.

1989-01-01

162

TEACHING ARCHITECTURAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY ON THE WEB WITH ARPENTEUR  

OpenAIRE

L'article présente les caractéristiques principales d'un logiciel de photogrammétrie numérique fonctionnant sur Internet. Le logiciel, qui est dédié à la photogrammétrie architecturale, s'appelle ARPENTEUR (Architectural PhotogrammEtry Network Tool for EdUcation and Research). Tout utilisateur peut librement accéder à ARPENTEUR par l'intermédiaire d'Internet (http://www.arpenteur.net). Ce logiciel est une extension du logiciel TIPHON (Traitement d'Images et PHOtogrammétrie Numéri...

Grussenmeyer, Pierre; Drap, Pierre

2000-01-01

163

Separation of Concerns: a Web Application Architecture Framework  

OpenAIRE

Architecture frameworks have been extensively developed and described within the literature. These frameworks typically support and guide organisations during system planning, design, building, deployment and maintenance. Their main pupose is to provide clarity to the different modelling perspectives, abstractions, and domains of consideration within system development. In dpoing so they allow improved clarity with regard to the connections between the different models, and the selection of m...

Kong, Xiaoying Faculty Of Engineering; Liu, Li Project Management Graduate Programme; Lowe, David Faculty Of Engineering

2006-01-01

164

Using a Web Services Architecture with Me, Myself and I  

OpenAIRE

The UW-Madison Libraries Library Course Page system is used to deliver electronic reserves materials and course-focused library instruction webpages to students. As part of a rewrite of our system we broke the application into three component pieces: a file repository, a course timetable data service, and an interface application for building and viewing individual course pages. The new three-piece system was written with an inward facing service-oriented architecture that allowed us to choos...

Stephen Meyer

2009-01-01

165

Web Service Architecture for a Meta Search Engine  

OpenAIRE

With the rapid advancements in Information Technology, Information Retrieval on Internet is gaining its importance day by day. Nowadays there are millions of Websites and billions of homepages available on the Internet. Search Engines are the essential tools for the purpose of retrieving the required information from the Web. But the existing search engines have many problems such as not having wide scope, imbalance in accessing the sites etc. So, the effectiveness of a search engine plays a ...

Srinivas, K.; Srinivas, P. V. S.; Govardhan, A.

2011-01-01

166

Interacting with semantic web data through an automatic information architecture  

OpenAIRE

La proliferación de iniciativas de publicación de datos como Linked Open Data ha incrementado la cantidad de datos disponibles para su análisis y reuso, pero en muchos casos, es muy difícil para los usuarios explorar y utilizar estos datos, especialmente cuando no tienen experiencia en tecnologías de Web Semántica. Nuestra contribución para solventar este problema se basa en aplicar el Visual Information-Seeking Mantra: “Primero una visión general, enfocar y filtrar, después detall...

Brunetti Ferna?ndez, Josep Maria

2013-01-01

167

Future Unified Communication Based on Ubiquitous Hierarchical Generalized-Sensor Network Architecture  

OpenAIRE

Recent advances in wireless sensor network (WSN) and radio frequency identifier (RFID) have made it possible to extend current human-to-human communication to the future unified communication environment among human society, computer network and the external physical world. A ubiquitous hierarchical generalized-sensor network (UHGSN) is presented in this paper as a typical network model for such unified communication architecture. The sensor information processing unit and the hierarchical di...

Zhitong Huang; Yuefeng Ji

2012-01-01

168

Model of Real Time Architecture for Data Placement in Wireless Sensor Networks  

OpenAIRE

Wireless sensor network (WSN) technology has promised fine grain monitoring in time and space as well as at a lower cost than is currently possible. These sensor networks are required to provide a robust service in hostile environments. Therefore the issue of real-time and reliable data delivery is extremely important for taking effective decisions in WSN. In this paper the architecture for reliable and real time approach by using sensor clusters has been proposed for storage management. Inst...

Dave, Mayank; Gupta, Sanjeev

2010-01-01

169

System architecture and sensor probes for the WARMER project  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents results of analyses of possible architectures for the 6 th FP WARMER project system with emphasis on hardware and software modularization. A short survey of different system architectures and evaluation criteria is presented, so as to rationalize selection of one of the architecture as a basis for further work and development. Following factors are taken into account during evaluation: flexibility of architecture, standardization (necessary interfaces), existing solutions, development and build costs, hardware resource sharing and openness for future changes and extensions. The best system architecture in author's opinion has been presented, and some implementation issues have been discussed.

Drabczyk, Hubert Sz.; Opalski, Leszek J.

2008-01-01

170

A New Information Architecture, Web Site and Services for the CMS Experiment  

CERN Document Server

The age and size of the CMS collaboration at the LHC means it now has many hundreds of inhomogeneous web sites and services and more than 100,000 documents. We describe a major initiative to create a single coherent CMS internal and public web site. This uses the Drupal web Content Management System (now supported by CERN/IT) on top of a standard LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and php/perl). The new navigation, content and search services are coherently integrated with numerous existing CERN services (CDS, EDMS, Indico, phonebook, Twiki) as well as many CMS internal Web services. We describe the information architecture; the system design, implementation and monitoring; the document and content database; security aspects; and our deployment strategy which ensured continual smooth operation of all systems at all times.

CERN. Geneva

2012-01-01

171

Reliable Fiber Sensor System with Star-Ring-Bus Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This work presents a novel star-ring-bus sensor system and demonstrates its effectiveness. The main trunk of the proposed sensor system is a star topology and the sensing branches comprise a series of bus subnets. Any weakness in the reliability of the sensor system is overcome by adding remote nodes and switches to the ring and bus subnets. To construct the proposed star-ring-bus sensor system, a fiber ring laser scheme is used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the sensor system. The proposed system increases the reliability and capacity of fiber sensor systems.

Kuan-Yan Huang

2010-04-01

172

Optimized Autonomous Space In-situ Sensor-Web for volcano monitoring  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to NASA's announced requirement for Earth hazard monitoring sensor-web technology, a multidisciplinary team involving sensor-network experts (Washington State University), space scientists (JPL), and Earth scientists (USGS Cascade Volcano Observatory (CVO)), is developing a prototype dynamic and scaleable hazard monitoring sensor-web and applying it to volcano monitoring. The combined Optimized Autonomous Space -In-situ Sensor-web (OASIS) will have two-way communication capability between ground and space assets, use both space and ground data for optimal allocation of limited power and bandwidth resources on the ground, and use smart management of competing demands for limited space assets. It will also enable scalability and seamless infusion of future space and in-situ assets into the sensor-web. The prototype will be focused on volcano hazard monitoring at Mount St. Helens, which has been active since October 2004. The system is designed to be flexible and easily configurable for many other applications as well. The primary goals of the project are: 1) integrating complementary space (i.e., Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite) and in-situ (ground-based) elements into an interactive, autonomous sensor-web; 2) advancing sensor-web power and communication resource management technology; and 3) enabling scalability for seamless infusion of future space and in-situ assets into the sensor-web. To meet these goals, we are developing: 1) a test-bed in-situ array with smart sensor nodes capable of making autonomous data acquisition decisions; 2) efficient self-organization algorithm of sensor-web topology to support efficient data communication and command control; 3) smart bandwidth allocation algorithms in which sensor nodes autonomously determine packet priorities based on mission needs and local bandwidth information in real-time; and 4) remote network management and reprogramming tools. The space and in-situ control components of the system will be integrated such that each element is capable of autonomously tasking the other. Sensor-web data acquisition and dissemination will be accomplished through the use of the Open Geospatial Consortium Sensorweb Enablement protocols. The three-year project will demonstrate end-to-end system performance with the in-situ test-bed at Mount St. Helens and NASA's EO-1 platform. ??2008 IEEE.

Song, W.-Z.; Shirazi, B.; Kedar, S.; Chien, S.; Webb, F.; Tran, D.; Davis, A.; Pieri, D.; LaHusen, R.; Pallister, J.; Dzurisin, D.; Moran, S.; Lisowski, M.

2008-01-01

173

Automated Data Quality Assurance using OGC Sensor Web Enablement Frameworks for Marine Observatories  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past years, environmental sensors have continuously improved by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent. Therefore, many sensor networks are increasingly deployed to monitor our environment. But due to the large number of sensor manufacturers, accompanying protocols and data encoding, automated integration and data quality assurance of diverse sensors in an observing systems is not straightforward, requiring development of data management code and manual tedious configuration. However, over the past few years it has been demonstrated that Open-Geospatial Consortium (OGC) frameworks can enable web services with fully-described sensor systems, including data processing, sensor characteristics and quality control tests and results. So far, the SWE framework does not describe how to integrate sensors on-the-fly with minimal human intervention. The data management software which enables access to sensors, data processing and quality control tests has to be implemented and the results have to be manually mapped to the SWE models. In this contribution, we describe a Sensor Plug & Play infrastructure for the Sensor Web by combining (1) OGC PUCK protocol - a simple standard embedded instrument protocol to store and retrieve directly from the devices the declarative description of sensor characteristics and quality control tests, (2) an automatic mechanism for data processing and quality control tests underlying the Sensor Web - the Sensor Interface Descriptor (SID) concept, as well as (3) a model for the declarative description of sensor which serves as a generic data management mechanism - designed as a profile and extension of OGC SWE's SensorML standard. We implement and evaluate our approach by applying it to the OBSEA Observatory, and can be used to demonstrate the ability to assess data quality for temperature, salinity, air pressure and wind speed and direction observations off the coast of Garraf, in the north-eastern Spain.

Toma, Daniel; Bghiel, Ikram; del Rio, Joaquin; Hidalgo, Alberto; Carreras, Normandino; Manuel, Antoni

2014-05-01

174

Web Prior Architecture to Avoid Threats and Enhance Intrusion Response System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web is hierarchically composed of entities such as domains, Web sites and documents distributed over Web sites and linked together by hyperlinks. The response component of the intrusion detection system issues the response to the jarring requests. In this paper, the intension is to allow the legitimate user to access the target website and perform the selective operations on the database to avoid threats and protect the database from unauthorized users. The designed Web Prior Architecture (WPA permits the legal client to obtain the privilege license by clicking on an authority link provided by the referrer. Using this license, the client can get the liberty to perform the operations on the target website. In that website, database can be accessed by the client with the selective permissions. These can be performed by the two methods, namely strategy toning and strategy management. By this way, the database is accessed in a highly securable manner. The massive scale of this study specifies the method to avoid the threats from the unauthorized users and augment the intrusion response system. This will protect the target website and its database from the unconstitutional users. Our pragmatic study demonstrates that Web Prior Architecture enables the legitimate user to connect to the target website and perform selective database operations.

K.S. Ravichandran

2012-09-01

175

Arquitectura de sistemas tecnológicos para la educación basada en Web / Technology System Architecture for Web-Based Education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta una nueva arquitectura para el desarrollo de sistemas de Educación Basada en Web. Estos sistemas se centran en el estudiante y se adaptan a sus necesidades personales de forma inteligente. La arquitectura se basa en la especificación IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology Sy [...] stem Architecture) y reúne a los modelos de desarrollo de software y diseño instruccional. Por una parte, el modelo de desarrollo de software se encuentra sustentado bajo un Sistema Multi-Agentes (MAS), emplea los métodos y técnicas de la Ingeniería de Dominio para el desarrollo de CARIOO (Componentes de Aprendizaje Reutilizables e Inteligentes Orientados a Objetos). Los CARIOO son un tipo especial de Objetos de Contenido Compartible de acuerdo a SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model). Por otra, el modelo de diseño instruccional incorpora un modelo mental como los Mapas Conceptuales (MC) para transmitir, construir y generar conocimientos adecuados a este tipo de ambiente. Abstract in english In this paper a new architecture for development of Web-Based Education systems is presented. The se systems are centered in the learner and adapted to their personals needs in intelligent form. The architecture is based on the IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology System Architecture) specification a [...] nd it assembles to software development and instructional design patterns. On the one hand, the software development pattern is supported under a Multi-Agents System, it employs the methods and technical of the Domain Engineering for development of IRLCOO (Intelligent Reusable Learning Components Object Oriented). IRLCOO are a special type of Sharable Content Object according to SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model). On the other hand, the instructional design pattern incorporates a mental model as the Conceptual Maps to transmit, build and generate appropriate knowledge to this educational environment type.

A, Canales-Cruz; R, Peredo-Valderrama; L, Balladares-Ocaña; I, Peredo-Valderrama; J.H., Sossa-Azuela.

2009-06-01

176

Reliable Fiber Sensor System with Star-Ring-Bus Architecture  

OpenAIRE

This work presents a novel star-ring-bus sensor system and demonstrates its effectiveness. The main trunk of the proposed sensor system is a star topology and the sensing branches comprise a series of bus subnets. Any weakness in the reliability of the sensor system is overcome by adding remote nodes and switches to the ring and bus subnets. To construct the proposed star-ring-bus sensor system, a fiber ring laser scheme is used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the sensor system. The p...

Kuan-Yan Huang; Jun-Bo Wang; Peng-Chun Peng

2010-01-01

177

A Simple Fiber Bragg Grating-Based Sensor Network Architecture with Self-Protecting and Monitoring Functions  

OpenAIRE

A novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based passive sensor architecture, which can be used to protect the fiber cut and monitor the multiple sensors simultaneously, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Here, we employ a wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser scheme with 25 km cavity length acting as the detecting light source in central office (CO). Each FBG sensor, serving as a feedback element, is used in proposed sensor architecture. By tuning the tunable bandpass filter (TB...

Chien-Hung Yeh; Chi-Wai Chow; Fan-Gang Tseng; Ping-Chun Wu

2011-01-01

178

Evaluation of a Heterogeneous Sensor Network Architecture for Highly Mobile Users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents experimental results of a heterogeneous sensor network architecture, which is a combination of a wireless sensor network and a personal area network. The proposed architecture uses the IEEE 802.15.4 standard to transmit sensor data to a sensor node which in turn forwards the data using TCP/IP to a database on the Internet via a Bluetooth-equipped mobile phone and the mobile telephone access network. The performance of the entire communication chain is evaluated. First, a 3G network's performance is evaluated by measuring its round trip time for packet transmission. Second, the real-world end-to-end delay between a sensor node and a database server on the Internet is measured using two different experimental set-ups: single-hop transmission and two hops transmission. Finally, the proposed architecture's scalability is estimated in a Matlab simulation using the results of the experiments as a base. The results show that the proposed architecture is applicable for small-scale sensor networks used by highly mobile users.

Jerker Delsing

2011-05-01

179

System architecture of a web service for Content-Based Image Retrieval  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents the system architecture of a Content- Based Image Retrieval system implemented as a web service. The proposed solution is composed of two parts, a client run- ning a graphical user interface for query formulation and a server where the search engine explores an image repository. The separation of the user interface and the search engine follows a Service as a Software (SaaS) model, a type of cloud computing design where a single core system is online a...

Giro? Nieto, Xavier; Ventura, Carles; Pont Tuset, Jordi; Corte?s Yuste, Silvia; Marque?s Acosta, Fernando

2010-01-01

180

Relational Access Control with Bivalent Permissions in a Social Web/Collaboration Architecture  

OpenAIRE

We describe an access control model that has been implemented in the web content management framework "Deme" (which rhymes with "team"). Access control in Deme is an example of what we call "bivalent relation object access control"(BROAC). This model builds on recent work by Giunchiglia et al. on relation-based access control (RelBAC), as well as other work on relational, flexible, fine-grained, and XML access control models. We describe Deme's architecture and review access...

Davies, Todd; Mintz, Mike D.

2013-01-01

181

Generic Sensor Data Fusion Services for Web-enabled Environmental Risk Management and Decision-Support Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

The advancement of smart sensor technology in the last few years has led to an increase in the deployment of affordable sensors for monitoring the environment around Europe. This is generating large amounts of sensor observation information and inevitably leading to problems about how to manage large volumes of data as well as making sense out the data for decision-making. In addition, the various European Directives (Water Framework Diectives, Bathing Water Directives, Habitat Directives, etc.. ) which regulate human activities in the environment and the INSPIRE Directive on spatial information management regulations have implicitely led the designated European Member States environment agencies and authorities to put in place new sensor monitoring infrastructure and share information about environmental regions under their statutory responsibilities. They will need to work cross border and collectively reach environmental quality standards. They will also need to regularly report to the EC on the quality of the environments of which they are responsible and make such information accessible to the members of the public. In recent years, early pioneering work on the design of service oriented architecture using sensor networks has been achieved. Information web-services infrastructure using existing data catalogues and web-GIS map services can now be enriched with the deployment of new sensor observation and data fusion and modelling services using OGC standards. The deployment of the new services which describe sensor observations and intelligent data-processing using data fusion techniques can now be implemented and provide added value information with spatial-temporal uncertainties to the next generation of decision support service systems. The new decision support service systems have become key to implement across Europe in order to comply with EU environmental regulations and INSPIRE. In this paper, data fusion services using OGC standards with sensor observation data streams are described in context of a geo-distributed service infrastructure specialising in multiple environmental risk management and decision-support. The sensor data fusion services are deployed and validated in two use cases. These are respectively concerned with: 1) Microbial risks forecast in bathing waters; and 2) Geohazards in urban zones during underground tunneling activities. This research was initiated in the SANY Integrated Project(www.sany-ip.org) and funded by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme.

Sabeur, Zoheir; Middleton, Stuart; Veres, Galina; Zlatev, Zlatko; Salvo, Nicola

2010-05-01

182

A Pattern for Web-based WSN Monitoring (Invited Paper)  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes a pattern for the architecture of web-based wireless sensor network monitoring. Sensor nodes are used to measure characteristics of the physical environment and sensed data is stored on the Internet using web-based technologies. Users can access data remotely as long as they have Internet connectivity. Many wireless sensor network applications developed today use smartphones as a gateway between the sensor network or the user, and the Internet. This allows the sensor netw...

Fulvio Frati; Eduardo Fernandez; Ionut Cardei; Mihaela Cardei; Anthony Marcus; Ernesto Damiani

2011-01-01

183

Distributed Real Time Architecture for Data Placement in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Application scenarios of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN create interesting design challenges since the sensor nodes used to collect and communicate data may fail suddenly and unpredictably. The issue of real-time and reliable data delivery is extremely important for taking effective decisions in WSN. Approach: In this study we proposed architecture for reliable and real-time approach for data placement using sensor clusters. Instead of storing information in individual cluster heads as suggested in some protocols, in our architecture we suggest storing of information of all clusters within a cell in the corresponding base station. For data dissemination and action we have used Action and Relay Stations (ARS. Results: We developed programming model for formal specification of our architecture. Conclusion: Present model not only offers real time sensing and monitoring, but also provides real time dynamic decision making based on the sensed data. Moreover it prolongs network life time.

Sanjeev Gupta

2009-01-01

184

Future Unified Communication Based on Ubiquitous Hierarchical Generalized-Sensor Network Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent advances in wireless sensor network (WSN and radio frequency identifier (RFID have made it possible to extend current human-to-human communication to the future unified communication environment among human society, computer network and the external physical world. A ubiquitous hierarchical generalized-sensor network (UHGSN is presented in this paper as a typical network model for such unified communication architecture. The sensor information processing unit and the hierarchical distributed agent server are introduced as the basic network elements in this architecture for effective information communication, and the topology, addressing and recovery problems are analyzed. As the basic applications, the combined “key word” based characterized searching mechanism and the performance monitoring processes are discussed, along with the corresponding protocol message definition and encoding format. Simulation results show the advancements of the presented hierarchical architecture and the job-list based characterized searching mechanism.

Zhitong Huang

2012-03-01

185

Motion camera based on a custom vision sensor and an FPGA architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

A digital camera for custom focal plane arrays was developed. The camera allows the test and development of analog or mixed-mode arrays for focal plane processing. The camera is used with a custom sensor for motion detection to implement a motion computation system. The custom focal plane sensor detects moving edges at the pixel level using analog VLSI techniques. The sensor communicates motion events using the event-address protocol associated to a temporal reference. In a second stage, a coprocessing architecture based on a field programmable gate array (FPGA) computes the time-of-travel between adjacent pixels. The FPGA allows rapid prototyping and flexible architecture development. Furthermore, the FPGA interfaces the sensor to a compact PC computer which is used for high level control and data communication to the local network. The camera could be used in applications such as self-guided vehicles, mobile robotics and smart surveillance systems. The programmability of the FPGA allows the exploration of further signal processing like spatial edge detection or image segmentation tasks. The article details the motion algorithm, the sensor architecture, the use of the event- address protocol for velocity vector computation and the FPGA architecture used in the motion camera system.

Arias-Estrada, Miguel

1998-09-01

186

Declarative rule-based integration and mediation for XML data in web service-based software architectures  

OpenAIRE

The Application Service Provider (ASP) has started to use Web services to expose data sources and adopted Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) to build data integration infrastructure. XML data integration and mediation in SOA is a complex task. The existing mediation technologies and commercial tools take XSLT as the standard to transform and merge XML documents from various Web services with the intension to deliver a unified view of data. As the number of involved data Web services increase...

Zhu, Yaoling

2007-01-01

187

Integration of Grid and Sensor Web for Flood Monitoring and Risk Assessment from Heterogeneous Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Over last decades we have witnessed the upward global trend in natural disaster occurrence. Hydrological and meteorological disasters such as floods are the main contributors to this pattern. In recent years flood management has shifted from protection against floods to managing the risks of floods (the European Flood risk directive). In order to enable operational flood monitoring and assessment of flood risk, it is required to provide an infrastructure with standardized interfaces and services. Grid and Sensor Web can meet these requirements. In this paper we present a general approach to flood monitoring and risk assessment based on heterogeneous geospatial data acquired from multiple sources. To enable operational flood risk assessment integration of Grid and Sensor Web approaches is proposed [1]. Grid represents a distributed environment that integrates heterogeneous computing and storage resources administrated by multiple organizations. SensorWeb is an emerging paradigm for integrating heterogeneous satellite and in situ sensors and data systems into a common informational infrastructure that produces products on demand. The basic Sensor Web functionality includes sensor discovery, triggering events by observed or predicted conditions, remote data access and processing capabilities to generate and deliver data products. Sensor Web is governed by the set of standards, called Sensor Web Enablement (SWE), developed by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Different practical issues regarding integration of Sensor Web with Grids are discussed in the study. We show how the Sensor Web can benefit from using Grids and vice versa. For example, Sensor Web services such as SOS, SPS and SAS can benefit from the integration with the Grid platform like Globus Toolkit. The proposed approach is implemented within the Sensor Web framework for flood monitoring and risk assessment, and a case-study of exploiting this framework, namely the Namibia SensorWeb Pilot Project, is described. The project was created as a testbed for evaluating and prototyping key technologies for rapid acquisition and distribution of data products for decision support systems to monitor floods and enable flood risk assessment. The system provides access to real-time products on rainfall estimates and flood potential forecast derived from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) mission with lag time of 6 h, alerts from the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) with lag time of 4 h, and the Coupled Routing and Excess STorage (CREST) model to generate alerts. These are alerts are used to trigger satellite observations. With deployed SPS service for NASA's EO-1 satellite it is possible to automatically task sensor with re-image capability of less 8 h. Therefore, with enabled computational and storage services provided by Grid and cloud infrastructure it was possible to generate flood maps within 24-48 h after trigger was alerted. To enable interoperability between system components and services OGC-compliant standards are utilized. [1] Hluchy L., Kussul N., Shelestov A., Skakun S., Kravchenko O., Gripich Y., Kopp P., Lupian E., "The Data Fusion Grid Infrastructure: Project Objectives and Achievements," Computing and Informatics, 2010, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 319-334.

Kussul, Nataliia; Skakun, Sergii; Shelestov, Andrii

2013-04-01

188

An LDPC Decoder Architecture for Wireless Sensor Network Applications  

OpenAIRE

The pervasive use of wireless sensors in a growing spectrum of human activities reinforces the need for devices with low energy dissipation. In this work, coded communication between a couple of wireless sensor devices is considered as a method to reduce the dissipated energy per transmitted bit with respect to uncoded communication. Different Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes are considered to this purpose and post layout results are shown for a low-area low-energy decoder, which offers ...

Guido Masera; Andrea Dario Giancarlo Biroli; Maurizio Martina

2012-01-01

189

An Autonomous Sensor System Architecture for Active Flow and Noise Control Feedback  

Science.gov (United States)

Multi-channel sensor fusion represents a powerful technique to simply and efficiently extract information from complex phenomena. While the technique has traditionally been used for military target tracking and situational awareness, a study has been successfully completed that demonstrates that sensor fusion can be applied equally well to aerodynamic applications. A prototype autonomous hardware processor was successfully designed and used to detect in real-time the two-dimensional flow reattachment location generated by a simple separated-flow wind tunnel model. The success of this demonstration illustrates the feasibility of using autonomous sensor processing architectures to enhance flow control feedback signal generation.

Humphreys, William M, Jr.; Culliton, William G.

2008-01-01

190

Optimized autonomous space in-situ sensor web for volcano monitoring  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to NASA's announced requirement for Earth hazard monitoring sensor-web technology, a multidisciplinary team involving sensor-network experts (Washington State University), space scientists (JPL), and Earth scientists (USGS Cascade Volcano Observatory (CVO)), have developed a prototype of dynamic and scalable hazard monitoring sensor-web and applied it to volcano monitoring. The combined Optimized Autonomous Space In-situ Sensor-web (OASIS) has two-way communication capability between ground and space assets, uses both space and ground data for optimal allocation of limited bandwidth resources on the ground, and uses smart management of competing demands for limited space assets. It also enables scalability and seamless infusion of future space and in-situ assets into the sensor-web. The space and in-situ control components of the system are integrated such that each element is capable of autonomously tasking the other. The ground in-situ was deployed into the craters and around the flanks of Mount St. Helens in July 2009, and linked to the command and control of the Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite. ?? 2010 IEEE.

Song, W.-Z.; Shirazi, B.; Huang, R.; Xu, M.; Peterson, N.; LaHusen, R.; Pallister, J.; Dzurisin, D.; Moran, S.; Lisowski, M.; Kedar, S.; Chien, S.; Webb, F.; Kiely, A.; Doubleday, J.; Davies, A.; Pieri, D.

2010-01-01

191

Wireless sensors with dual-controller architecture for active diagnosis in structural health monitoring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wireless sensor technology, which integrates transducers with microcontrollers and wireless communication, has become increasingly vital in structural health monitoring (SHM) applications. However, the low I/O (input/output) throughput of conventional wireless sensors impedes their usage in applications using high-frequency signals, such as active diagnosis and passive acoustic emission (AE). In this paper, the limitations of extending conventional wireless sensors to handle high-speed acquisition are first identified and discussed. Based on the efforts made in improving wireless sensors with centralized system architecture, a novel dual-controller based architecture is proposed to facilitate high-speed data acquisition and improve power efficiency. Then, a wireless sensor platform, specifically designed for active diagnosis employing stress waves to localize damages, is presented. The newly developed wireless sensor with dimensions of 30 mm × 30 mm × 35 mm utilizes a field programmable gate array (FPGA) as a secondary controller and can support a sampling rate up to 20 million samples per second (Msps). Laboratory experiments for verification show that the wireless sensor can explore new applications at the opposite end of the spectrum from conventional applications: those involving high fidelity and high-speed data acquisition

192

Botnet Detection Architecture Based on Heterogeneous Multi-sensor Information Fusion  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As technology has been developed rapidly, botnet threats to the global cyber community are also increasing. And the botnet detection has recently become a major research topic in the field of network security. Most of the current detection approaches work only on the evidence from single information source, which can not hold all the traces of botnet and hardly achieve high accuracy. In this paper, a novel botnet detection architecture based on heterogeneous multi-sensor information fusion is proposed. The architecture is designed to carry out information integration in the three fusion levels of data, feature, and decision. As the core component, a feature extraction module is also elaborately designed. And an extended algorithm of the Dempster-Shafer (D-S theory is proved and adopted in decision fusion. Furthermore, a representative case is provided to illustrate that the detection architecture can effectively fuse the complicated information from various sensors, thus to achieve better detection effect.

HaiLong Wang

2011-12-01

193

Model of Real Time Architecture for Data Placement in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless sensor network (WSN technology has promised fine grain monitoring in time and space as well as at a lower cost than is currently possible. These sensor networks are required to provide a robust service in hostile environments. Therefore the issue of real-time and reliable data delivery is extremely important for taking effective decisions in WSN. In this paper the architecture for reliable and real time approach by using sensor clusters has been proposed for storage management. Instead of storing information in an individual cluster head as suggested in some approaches, storing of information of all clusters, inside the cell is recommended within the corresponding base station. For data dissemination and action we have used Action and Relay Stations (ARS. We have developed programming model for formal specification and verification of our architecture.

Mayank DAVE

2010-01-01

194

Reconfigurable middleware architectures for large scale sensor networks  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Wireless sensor networks, in an effort to be energy efficient, typically lack the high-level abstractions of advanced programming languages. Though strong, the dichotomy between these two paradigms can be overcome. The SENSIX software framework, described in this dissertation, uniquely integrates constraint-dominated wireless sensor networks with the flexibility of object-oriented programming models, without violating the principles of either. Though these two computing paradigms are contradictory in many ways, SENSIX bridges them to yield a dynamic middleware abstraction unifying low-level resource-aware task reconfiguration and high-level object recomposition.

Brennan, Sean M.

2010-03-01

195

Web-Based Collaborative Learning Architecture for Remote Experiment on Control of Bioreactor’s Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The unprecedented growth in Internet technologies has created revolutionary changes in collaborative working in an on-line environment with round the world accessibility. The adoption of collaborative learning tools with remote laboratory enhances the experiential learning aspects of engineering education. This paper presents a collaborative learning and remote experiment on the control of a bioreactor environment by establishing communication between the process control computer and remote users through the Internet. The software application is developed using graphical programming tools to control the process parameters and to set the control constants associated with the PID control system. The LabVIEW virtual instruments transfer information to web clients is performed using web server and standard internet browsers for data access. Multimedia features are added to the architecture to supplement the teaching and learning activities. The proposed system structure and functionalities tend towards the translation of traditional collaborative characteristics into an Internet based on-line collaborative learning environment.

A.P Jagadeesh Chandra

2009-04-01

196

Prototype of Multifunctional Full-text Library in the Architecture Web-browser / Web-server / SQL-server  

Science.gov (United States)

Within the framework of the research program "Textaurus" an operational prototype of multifunctional library T-Libra v.4.1. has been created which makes it possible to carry out flexible parametrizable search within a full-text database. The information system is realized in the architecture Web-browser / Web-server / SQL-server. This allows to achieve an optimal combination of universality and efficiency of text processing, on the one hand, and convenience and minimization of expenses for an end user (due to applying of a standard Web-browser as a client application), on the other one. The following principles underlie the information system: a) multifunctionality, b) intelligence, c) multilingual primary texts and full-text searching, d) development of digital library (DL) by a user ("administrative client"), e) multi-platform working. A "library of concepts", i.e. a block of functional models of semantic (concept-oriented) searching, as well as a subsystem of parametrizable queries to a full-text database, which is closely connected with the "library", serve as a conceptual basis of multifunctionality and "intelligence" of the DL T-Libra v.4.1. An author's paragraph is a unit of full-text searching in the suggested technology. At that, the "logic" of an educational / scientific topic or a problem can be built in a multilevel flexible structure of a query and the "library of concepts", replenishable by the developers and experts. About 10 queries of various level of complexity and conceptuality are realized in the suggested version of the information system: from simple terminological searching (taking into account lexical and grammatical paradigms of Russian) to several kinds of explication of terminological fields and adjustable two-parameter thematic searching (a [set of terms] and a [distance between terms] within the limits of an author's paragraph are such parameters correspondingly).

Lyapin, Sergey; Kukovyakin, Alexey

197

MEMS pressure belt with sensor interface and communication architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Boeing utilizes many different sensor types and their associated electronic systems for aircraft testing. An array of sensors are being used to determine the load on the wings of an aircraft. We have developed a MEMS sensor network, which takes advantage of this technology. In this paper, we report the development of a 'pressure belt' containing a electronic packaging configuration incorporating MEMS pressure sensors and multi-chip modules. A thin profile of less than 0.070 inch was required for aerodynamic reasons. The MCM substrate was fabricated on oxidized silicon using copper as the conductor and photo-sensitive polyimide as the dielectric material. Direct-chip-attachment (flip chip) process was used to bond the MEMS device to the module and the bus connection was conducted through embedded copper on a flex PCB to the host computer. An encapsulation material for the protection of the bare electronic components was selected for improving the reliability of the module. Improvements in the signal conditioning and processing are being incorporated into the pressure belt. The design includes a signal conditioning unit that includes analog to digital conversion, a digital filter, temperature compensation and conversion to engineering units.

Eccles, Lee H.; Catlin, Wayne; Holland, Mark J.; Kim, Namsoo P.; Malchodi, Larry

2001-08-01

198

A Semantic Sensor Web for Environmental Decision Support Applications  

OpenAIRE

Sensing devices are increasingly being deployed to monitor the physical world around us. One class of application for which sensor data is pertinent is environmental decision support systems, e.g., flood emergency response. For these applications, the sensor readings need to be put in context by integrating them with other sources of data about the surrounding environment. Traditional systems for predicting and detecting floods rely on methods that need significant human resources. In this pa...

Gray, A.; Sadler, J.; Kit, O.; Kyzirakos, K.; Karpathiotakis, M.; Calbimonte, Jp; Page, K.; Garci?a-castro, Rau?l; Frazer, A.; Galpin, I.; Fernandes, A.; Paton, N.; Corcho, O?scar; Koubarakis, M.; Roure, D.

2011-01-01

199

An Architecture for Performance Optimization in a Collaborative Knowledge-Based Approach for  Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the past few years, Intelligent Spaces (ISs have received the attention of many Wireless Sensor Network researchers. Recently, several studies have been devoted to identify their common capacities and to set up ISs over these networks. However, little attention has been paid to integrating Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems into collaborative Wireless Sensor Networks for the purpose of implementing ISs. This work presents a distributed architecture proposal for collaborative Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems embedded in Wireless Sensor Networks, which has been designed to optimize the implementation of ISs. This architecture includes the following: (a an optimized design for the inference engine; (b a visual interface; (c a module to reduce the redundancy and complexity of the knowledge bases; (d a module to evaluate the accuracy of the new knowledge base; (e a module to adapt the format of the rules to the structure used by the inference engine; and (f a communications protocol. As a real-world application of this architecture and the proposed methodologies, we show an application to the problem of modeling two plagues of the olive tree: prays (olive moth, Prays oleae Bern. and repilo (caused by the fungus Spilocaea oleagina. The results show that the architecture presented in this paper significantly decreases the consumption of resources (memory, CPU and battery without a substantial decrease in the accuracy of the inferred values.

Juan Ramon Velasco

2011-09-01

200

Architecture Aware Key Management Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The emergence of wireless networking as well as the development in embedded systems and technologies have given birth to application specific networks called wireless sensor networks WSNs, their flexibility, facility of use and deployment as well as their low cost give them an increasing field of applications. Usually sensors are limited in capacities deployed in a hostile and unpredictable environment, making the security of these networks a challenging task. In this paper we are going to present a key management scheme in which the base station play the role of the secure third party responsible of distributing key and managing security in the network, two versions of this scheme are presented the first one for flat networks and the second one for hierarchical networks in which the cluster head play the key role in all key agreement with the base station.

Mohammed FEHAM

2012-11-01

201

Sensor data validation and reconstruction. Phase 1: System architecture study  

Science.gov (United States)

The sensor validation and data reconstruction task reviewed relevant literature and selected applicable validation and reconstruction techniques for further study; analyzed the selected techniques and emphasized those which could be used for both validation and reconstruction; analyzed Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) hot fire test data to determine statistical and physical relationships between various parameters; developed statistical and empirical correlations between parameters to perform validation and reconstruction tasks, using a computer aided engineering (CAE) package; and conceptually designed an expert system based knowledge fusion tool, which allows the user to relate diverse types of information when validating sensor data. The host hardware for the system is intended to be a Sun SPARCstation, but could be any RISC workstation with a UNIX operating system and a windowing/graphics system such as Motif or Dataviews. The information fusion tool is intended to be developed using the NEXPERT Object expert system shell, and the C programming language.

1991-01-01

202

A Cluster-Based Architecture to Structure the Topology of Parallel Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A wireless sensor network is a self-configuring network of mobile nodes connected by wireless links where the nodes have limited capacity and energy. In many cases, the application environment requires the design of an exclusive network topology for a particular case. Cluster-based network developments and proposals in existence have been designed to build a network for just one type of node, where all nodes can communicate with any other nodes in their coverage area. Let us suppose a set of clusters of sensor nodes where each cluster is formed by different types of nodes (e.g., they could be classified by the sensed parameter using different transmitting interfaces, by the node profile or by the type of device: laptops, PDAs, sensor etc. and exclusive networks, as virtual networks, are needed with the same type of sensed data, or the same type of devices, or even the same type of profiles. In this paper, we propose an algorithm that is able to structure the topology of different wireless sensor networks to coexist in the same environment. It allows control and management of the topology of each network. The architecture operation and the protocol messages will be described. Measurements from a real test-bench will show that the designed protocol has low bandwidth consumption and also demonstrates the viability and the scalability of the proposed architecture. Our ccluster-based algorithm is compared with other algorithms reported in the literature in terms of architecture and protocol measurements.

Juan R. Diaz

2009-12-01

203

Direct ice detection based on fiber optic sensor architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Ice growth on the wings of aircraft affects their aerodynamic performance and handling qualities which change depending on the location of the ice accretion. Ice detection technology has changed little over the last 30years relying on indirect atmospheric conditions to determine the existence of icing conditions. This letter reports on a simple optical method to measure directly ice thickness and type accreted on the wing in an icing tunnel, by measuring the scattered and reflected light as a function of ice growth with a fiber optic architecture, obtaining characteristic light intensity growth curves.

Ikiades, Aristidis A.

2007-09-01

204

Enhanced Architecture of a Web Warehouse based on Quality Evaluation Framework to Incorporate Quality Aspects in Web Warehouse Creation  

OpenAIRE

In the recent years, it has been observed that World Wide Web (www) became a vast source of information explosion about all areas of interest. Relevant information retrieval is difficult from the web space as there is no universal configuration and organization of the web data. Taking the advantage of data warehouse functionality and integrating it with the web to retrieve relevant data is the core concept of web warehouse. It is a repository that store relevant web data for business decision...

Umm-e-Mariya Shah; Azra Shamim; Madiha Kazmi

2011-01-01

205

Game and Balance Multicast Architecture Algorithms for Sensor Grid  

OpenAIRE

We propose a scheme to attain shorter multicast delay and higher efficiency in the data transfer of sensor grid. Our scheme, in one cluster, seeks the central node, calculates the space and the data weight vectors. Then we try to find a new vector composed by linear combination of the two old ones. We use the equal correlation coefficient between the new and old vectors to find the point of game and balance of the space and data factorsbuild a binary simple equation, seek linear parameters, a...

Vasilakos, Athanasios V.; Naixue Xiong; Frèdèric Magoulés; Qiongli Wu; Qingfeng Fan; Yanxiang He

2009-01-01

206

A Web Centric Architecture for Deploying Multi-Disciplinary Engineering Design Processes  

Science.gov (United States)

There are continuous needs for engineering organizations to improve their design process. Current state of the art techniques use computational simulations to predict design performance, and optimize it through advanced design methods. These tools have been used mostly by individual engineers. This paper presents an architecture for achieving results at an organization level beyond individual level. The next set of gains in process improvement will come from improving the effective use of computers and software within a whole organization, not just for an individual. The architecture takes advantage of state of the art capabilities to produce a Web based system to carry engineering design into the future. To illustrate deployment of the architecture, a case study for implementing advanced multidisciplinary design optimization processes such as Bi-Level Integrated System Synthesis is discussed. Another example for rolling-out a design process for Design for Six Sigma is also described. Each example explains how an organization can effectively infuse engineering practice with new design methods and retain the knowledge over time.

Woyak, Scott; Kim, Hongman; Mullins, James; Sobieszczanski-Sobieski, Jaroslaw

2004-01-01

207

Doubly Cognitive Architecture Based Cognitive Wireless Sensor Network  

CERN Document Server

Nowadays scarcity of spectrum availability is increasing highly. Adding cognition to the existing Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) infrastructure will help in this situation. As sensor nodes in WSN are limited with some constrains like power, efforts are required to increase the lifetime and other performance measures of the network. In this paper we propose the idea of Doubly Cognitive WSN. The basic idea is to progressively allocate the sensing resources only to the most promising areas of the spectrum. This work is based on Artificial Neural Network as well as on Support Vector Machine (SVM) concept. As the load of sensing resource is reduced significantly, this approach will save the energy of the nodes, and also reduce the sensing time dramatically. The proposed work can be enhanced by doing the pattern analysis thing after a sufficiently long time again and again to review the strategy of sensing. Thus Doubly Cognitive WSN will enable current WSN to overcome the spectrum scarcity as well as save the energy...

Kumar, Sumit; Garimella, Rama Murthy

2011-01-01

208

Game and Balance Multicast Architecture Algorithms for Sensor Grid  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We propose a scheme to attain shorter multicast delay and higher efficiency in the data transfer of sensor grid. Our scheme, in one cluster, seeks the central node, calculates the space and the data weight vectors. Then we try to find a new vector composed by linear combination of the two old ones. We use the equal correlation coefficient between the new and old vectors to find the point of game and balance of the space and data factorsbuild a binary simple equation, seek linear parameters, and generate a least weight path tree. We handled the issue from a quantitative way instead of a qualitative way. Based on this idea, we considered the scheme from both the space and data factor, then we built the mathematic model, set up game and balance relationship and finally resolved the linear indexes, according to which we improved the transmission efficiency of sensor grid. Extended simulation results indicate that our scheme attains less average multicast delay and number of links used compared with other well-known existing schemes.

Athanasios V. Vasilakos

2009-09-01

209

Game and balance multicast architecture algorithms for sensor grid.  

Science.gov (United States)

We propose a scheme to attain shorter multicast delay and higher efficiency in the data transfer of sensor grid. Our scheme, in one cluster, seeks the central node, calculates the space and the data weight vectors. Then we try to find a new vector composed by linear combination of the two old ones. We use the equal correlation coefficient between the new and old vectors to find the point of game and balance of the space and data factorsbuild a binary simple equation, seek linear parameters, and generate a least weight path tree. We handled the issue from a quantitative way instead of a qualitative way. Based on this idea, we considered the scheme from both the space and data factor, then we built the mathematic model, set up game and balance relationship and finally resolved the linear indexes, according to which we improved the transmission efficiency of sensor grid. Extended simulation results indicate that our scheme attains less average multicast delay and number of links used compared with other well-known existing schemes. PMID:22399992

Fan, Qingfeng; Wu, Qiongli; Magoulés, Frèdèric; Xiong, Naixue; Vasilakos, Athanasios V; He, Yanxiang

2009-01-01

210

Application of service oriented architecture for sensors and actuators in district heating substations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today's district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA) is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN), which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation. PMID:25196165

Gustafsson, Jonas; Kyusakov, Rumen; Mäkitaavola, Henrik; Delsing, Jerker

2014-01-01

211

Application of Service Oriented Architecture for Sensors and Actuators in District Heating Substations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today’s district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN, which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation.

Jonas Gustafsson

2014-08-01

212

Spatial Search Techniques for Mobile 3D Queries in Sensor Web Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Developing mobile geo-information systems for sensor web applications involves technologies that can access linked geographical and semantically related Internet information. Additionally, in tomorrow’s Web 4.0 world, it is envisioned that trillions of inexpensive micro-sensors placed throughout the environment will also become available for discovery based on their unique geo-referenced IP address. Exploring these enormous volumes of disparate heterogeneous data on today’s location and orientation aware smartphones requires context-aware smart applications and services that can deal with “information overload”. 3DQ (Three Dimensional Query is our novel mobile spatial interaction (MSI prototype that acts as a next-generation base for human interaction within such geospatial sensor web environments/urban landscapes. It filters information using “Hidden Query Removal” functionality that intelligently refines the search space by calculating the geometry of a three dimensional visibility shape (Vista space at a user’s current location. This 3D shape then becomes the query “window” in a spatial database for retrieving information on only those objects visible within a user’s actual 3D field-of-view. 3DQ reduces information overload and serves to heighten situation awareness on constrained commercial off-the-shelf devices by providing visibility space searching as a mobile web service. The effects of variations in mobile spatial search techniques in terms of query speed vs. accuracy are evaluated and presented in this paper.

James D. Carswell

2013-03-01

213

Implementation and comparative evaluation of various architectures of ultrasonic photorefractive sensors  

OpenAIRE

A novel optical sensor for the detection of ultrasonic motion has been recently developed. It allows to reach 25 ?m displacement sensitivity with a large frequency range bandwidth 100 MHz. We will present a comparative study between various architectures of this ultrasonic detection system we have implemented. It uses InP:Fe or CdZnTe:V holographic crystals and operates with CW laser at 1.06 ?m. Two configurations called the direct detection and the anisotropic diffraction configurations wo...

Rossi, Se?bastien; Delaye, Philippe; Launay, Jean-claude; Roosen, Ge?rald

2001-01-01

214

A multiagent architecture for an underground river network of intelligent sensors  

OpenAIRE

This paper deals with an application of multiagent systems to sensor network management. This wireless communication network will be applied to monitor an underground hydrographic network. We first present the ENVSYS project: its origin and its issue. We then recall the concepts of agent and multiagent systems. We sketch a multiagent system's architecture according to the AEIO method. This multiagent system consists of hybrid agents. We also introduce the ASTRO agent model.

Jamont, Jean-paul; Occello, Michel; Lagreze, Andre?

2002-01-01

215

A survey of architectures and scenarios in satellite-based wireless sensor networks: system design aspects  

OpenAIRE

This paper is not a survey related to generic wireless sensor networks (WSNs), which have been largely treated by Akyildiz et al. in [1], and later in a number of survey papers addressing more focused issues; rather, it specifically addresses architectural aspects related to WSNs in some way connected with a satellite link, a topic that presents challenging interworking aspects. The main objective is to provide an overview of the potential role of a satellite segment in the future wireless se...

Celandroni, Nedo; Ferro, Erina; Gotta, Alberto; Oligeri, Gabriele; Roseti, C.; Luglio, M.; Bisio, I.; Cello, M.; Davoli, F.; Panagopoulos, A. D.; Poulakis, M.; Vassaki, S.; Cola, Tomaso; Marchitti, M. A.; Hu, Y. F.

2013-01-01

216

Wake-up architecture for Wireless sensor nodes based on ultra low power FPGA  

OpenAIRE

In this work a novel wake-up architecture for wireless sensor nodes based on ultra low power FPGA is presented. A simple wake up messaging mechanism for data gathering applications is proposed. The main goal of this work is to evaluate the utilization of low power configurable devices to take advantage of their speed, flexibility and low power consumption compared with traditional approaches, based on ASICs or microcontrollers, for frame decoding and data control. A test bed based on infrared...

Rosello? Go?mez-lobo, Vi?ctor Julia?n; Portilla Berrueco, Jorge; Riesgo Alcaide, Teresa

2012-01-01

217

A wireless soil moisture smart sensor web using physics-based optimal control: Concept and initial demonstrations  

OpenAIRE

This paper introduces a new concept for a smart wireless sensor web technology for optimal measurements of surface-to-depth profiles of soil moisture using in-situ sensors. The objective of the technology, supported by the NASA Earth Science Technology Office Advanced Information Systems Technology program, is to enable a guided and adaptive sampling strategy for the in-situ sensor network to meet the measurement validation objectives of spaceborne soil moisture sensors. A potential applicati...

Moghaddam, Mahta; Entekhabi, Dara; Goykhman, Yuriy; Li, Ke; Liu, Mingyan; Mahajan, Aditya; Nayyar, Ashutosh; Shuman, David; Teneketzis, Demosthenis

2010-01-01

218

Enabling query technologies for the semantic sensor web  

OpenAIRE

Sensor networks are increasingly being deployed in the environment for many different purposes. The observations that they produce are made available with heterogeneous schemas, vocabularies and data formats, making it difficult to share and reuse this data, for other purposes than those for which they were originally set up. The authors propose an ontology-based approach for providing data access and query capabilities to streaming data sources, allowing users to express their needs at a con...

Calbimonte, Jean-paul; Jeung, H.; Corcho, O?scar; Aberer, K.

2012-01-01

219

Modular Architecture for Sensor Systems (MASS) : description, analysis, simulation, and implementation.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A particular engineering aspect of distributed sensor networks that has not received adequate attention is the system level hardware architecture of the individual nodes of the network. A novel hardware architecture based on an idea of task specific modular computing is proposed to provide for both the high flexibility and low power consumption required for distributed sensing solutions. The power consumption of the architecture is mathematically analyzed against a traditional approach, and guidelines are developed for application scenarios that would benefit from using this new design. Furthermore a method of decentralized control for the modular system is developed and analyzed. Finally, a few policies for power minimization in the decentralized system are proposed and analyzed.

Stark, Douglas P.; Davis, Jesse Zehring; Edmonds, Nicholas

2004-11-01

220

A Simple Fiber Bragg Grating-Based Sensor Network Architecture with Self-Protecting and Monitoring Functions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG-based passive sensor architecture, which can be used to protect the fiber cut and monitor the multiple sensors simultaneously, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Here, we employ a wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber (EDF laser scheme with 25 km cavity length acting as the detecting light source in central office (CO. Each FBG sensor, serving as a feedback element, is used in proposed sensor architecture. By tuning the tunable bandpass filter (TBF placing inside cavity to match the corresponding Bragg wavelength of FBG over the amplification bandwidth, we can retrieve the related wavelength lasing for the FBG sensing and monitoring simultaneously. Moreover, the survivability and capacity of the passive FBG sensor architecture can be also enhanced.

Chien-Hung Yeh

2011-01-01

221

From sensors to semantic web: the SemsorGrid4env project  

Science.gov (United States)

Sensor networks are producing large quantities of valuable data around the planet. However advances are needed in the information management of such systems in order to make it easier to find and obtain the data. This is particularly true of software systems or models which need to automatically find appropriate data sources. The SemsorGrid4Env project is a three year European project to develop an integrated information space where new sensor network data sources can be discovered using web technologies and semantic descriptions. Rapid development of decision support systems are being developed within the context of ocean monitoring for flood and fire warnings. These are based around large quantities of sensors around the southern coast of the UK as well as a new sensor network deployment in forests in Spain. This paper will describe the design of the system, data integration issues, mashups and semantic interfaces.

Martinez, K.; Deroure, D.; Page, K.; Sadler, J.; Hutton, C.; Newman, R.; Roe, S.

2009-12-01

222

Application-specific architectures of CMOS monolithic active pixel sensors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several development directions intended to adapt and optimize monolithic active pixel sensors for specific applications are presented in this work. The first example, compatible with the STAR microvertex upgrade, is based on a simple two-transistor pixel circuitry. It is suited for a long integration time, room-temperature operation and minimum power dissipation. In another approach for this application, a specific readout method is proposed, allowing optimization of the integration time independently of the full frame-readout time. The circuit consists of an in-pixel front-end voltage amplifier, with a gain on the order of five, followed by two analog memory cells. The extended version of this scheme, based on the implementation of more memory cells per pixel, is the solution considered for the outer layers of a microvertex detector at the international linear collider. For the two innermost layers, a circuit allowing fast frame scans together with on-line, on-chip data sparsification is proposed. The first results of this prototype demonstrate that the fixed pattern dispersion is reduced below a noise level of 15 e-, allowing the use of a single comparator or a low-resolution ADC per pixel column. A common element for most of the mentioned readout schemes is a low-noise, low power consumption, layout efficient in-pixel amplifier. A review of possible solutions for this element together with some experimental results is presentedts is presented

223

Adaptive Fault Detection on Liquid Propulsion Systems with Virtual Sensors: Algorithms and Architectures  

Science.gov (United States)

Prior to the launch of STS-119 NASA had completed a study of an issue in the flow control valve (FCV) in the Main Propulsion System of the Space Shuttle using an adaptive learning method known as Virtual Sensors. Virtual Sensors are a class of algorithms that estimate the value of a time series given other potentially nonlinearly correlated sensor readings. In the case presented here, the Virtual Sensors algorithm is based on an ensemble learning approach and takes sensor readings and control signals as input to estimate the pressure in a subsystem of the Main Propulsion System. Our results indicate that this method can detect faults in the FCV at the time when they occur. We use the standard deviation of the predictions of the ensemble as a measure of uncertainty in the estimate. This uncertainty estimate was crucial to understanding the nature and magnitude of transient characteristics during startup of the engine. This paper overviews the Virtual Sensors algorithm and discusses results on a comprehensive set of Shuttle missions and also discusses the architecture necessary for deploying such algorithms in a real-time, closed-loop system or a human-in-the-loop monitoring system. These results were presented at a Flight Readiness Review of the Space Shuttle in early 2009.

Matthews, Bryan L.; Srivastava, Ashok N.

2010-01-01

224

FlexiSec: A Configurable Link Layer Security Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks  

CERN Document Server

Ensuring communications security in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) indeed is critical; due to the criticality of the resources in the sensor nodes as well as due to their ubiquitous and pervasive deployment, with varying attributes and degrees of security required. The proliferation of the next generation sensor nodes, has not solved this problem, because of the greater emphasis on low-cost deployment. In addition, the WSNs use data-centric multi-hop communication that in turn, necessitates the security support to be devised at the link layer (increasing the cost of security related operations), instead of being at the application layer, as in general networks. Therefore, an energy-efficient link layer security framework is necessitated. There do exists a number of link layer security architectures that offer some combinations of the security attributes desired by different WSN applications. However, as we show in this paper, none of them is responsive to the actual security demands of the applications. Ther...

Jinwala, Devesh; Dasgupta, Kankar

2012-01-01

225

Architecture and applications of a high resolution gated SPAD image sensor.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the architecture and three applications of the largest resolution image sensor based on single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) published to date. The sensor, fabricated in a high-voltage CMOS process, has a resolution of 512 × 128 pixels and a pitch of 24 ?m. The fill-factor of 5% can be increased to 30% with the use of microlenses. For precise control of the exposure and for time-resolved imaging, we use fast global gating signals to define exposure windows as small as 4 ns. The uniformity of the gate edges location is ?140 ps (FWHM) over the whole array, while in-pixel digital counting enables frame rates as high as 156 kfps. Currently, our camera is used as a highly sensitive sensor with high temporal resolution, for applications ranging from fluorescence lifetime measurements to fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and generation of true random numbers. PMID:25090572

Burri, Samuel; Maruyama, Yuki; Michalet, Xavier; Regazzoni, Francesco; Bruschini, Claudio; Charbon, Edoardo

2014-07-14

226

Active pixel sensor architectures in a-SiH for medical imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The most widely used architecture in large area amorphous silicon (a-Si) flat panel imagers is the passive pixel sensor (PPS), which consists of a detector and a readout switch. While the PPS has the advantage of being compact and amenable towards high-resolution imaging, reading the low PPS output signal requires external circuitry such as column charge amplifiers that produce additional noise and reduce the minimum readable sensor input signal. This work presents a voltage mediated active pixel sensor (APS) on-pixel readout circuit for diagnostic medical imaging to minimize external component count and hence external readout noise sources. Preliminary results indicate excellent APS linearity along with a pixel readout time suitable for mammography or radiography

227

A Distributed Software Architecture for Collaborative Teleoperation based on a VR Platform and Web Application Interoperability  

CERN Document Server

Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality can provide to a Human Operator (HO) a real help to complete complex tasks, such as robot teleoperation and cooperative teleassistance. Using appropriate augmentations, the HO can interact faster, safer and easier with the remote real world. In this paper, we present an extension of an existing distributed software and network architecture for collaborative teleoperation based on networked human-scaled mixed reality and mobile platform. The first teleoperation system was composed by a VR application and a Web application. However the 2 systems cannot be used together and it is impossible to control a distant robot simultaneously. Our goal is to update the teleoperation system to permit a heterogeneous collaborative teleoperation between the 2 platforms. An important feature of this interface is based on different Mobile platforms to control one or many robots.

Domingues, Christophe; Davesne, Frédéric; Mallem, Malik

2009-01-01

228

Frontier: High Performance Database Access Using Standard Web Components in a Scalable Multi-Tier Architecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A high performance system has been assembled using standard web components to deliver database information to a large number of broadly distributed clients. The CDF Experiment at Fermilab is establishing processing centers around the world imposing a high demand on their database repository. For delivering read-only data, such as calibrations, trigger information, and run conditions data, we have abstracted the interface that clients use to retrieve data objects. A middle tier is deployed that translates client requests into database specific queries and returns the data to the client as XML datagrams. The database connection management, request translation, and data encoding are accomplished in servlets running under Tomcat. Squid Proxy caching layers are deployed near the Tomcat servers, as well as close to the clients, to significantly reduce the load on the database and provide a scalable deployment model. Details the system's construction and use are presented, including its architecture, design, interfaces, administration, performance measurements, and deployment plan.

Kosyakov, S.; Kowalkowski, J.; Litvintsev, D.; Lueking, L.; Paterno, M.; White, S.P.; /Fermilab; Autio, Lauri; /Helsinki U.; Blumenfeld, B.; Maksimovic, P.; Mathis, M.; /Johns Hopkins U.

2004-09-01

229

Frontier: High Performance Database Access Using Standard Web Components in a Scalable Multi-Tier Architecture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A high performance system has been assembled using standard web components to deliver database information to a large number of broadly distributed clients. The CDF Experiment at Fermilab is establishing processing centers around the world imposing a high demand on their database repository. For delivering read-only data, such as calibrations, trigger information, and run conditions data, we have abstracted the interface that clients use to retrieve data objects. A middle tier is deployed that translates client requests into database specific queries and returns the data to the client as XML datagrams. The database connection management, request translation, and data encoding are accomplished in servlets running under Tomcat. Squid Proxy caching layers are deployed near the Tomcat servers, as well as close to the clients, to significantly reduce the load on the database and provide a scalable deployment model. Details the system's construction and use are presented, including its architecture, design, interfaces, administration, performance measurements, and deployment plan

230

Applying Semantic Web Services and Wireless Sensor Networks for System Integration  

Science.gov (United States)

In environments like factories, buildings, and homes automation services tend to often change during their lifetime. Changes are concerned to business rules, process optimization, cost reduction, and so on. It is important to provide a smooth and straightforward way to deal with these changes so that could be handled in a faster and low cost manner. Some prominent solutions use the flexibility of Wireless Sensor Networks and the meaningful description of Semantic Web Services to provide service integration. In this work, we give an overview of current solutions for machinery integration that combine both technologies as well as a discussion about some perspectives and open issues when applying Wireless Sensor Networks and Semantic Web Services for automation services integration.

Berkenbrock, Gian Ricardo; Hirata, Celso Massaki; de Oliveira Júnior, Frederico Guilherme Álvares; de Oliveira, José Maria Parente

231

Distributed sensor architecture for intelligent control that supports quality of control and quality of service.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is part of a study of intelligent architectures for distributed control and communications systems. The study focuses on optimizing control systems by evaluating the performance of middleware through quality of service (QoS) parameters and the optimization of control using Quality of Control (QoC) parameters. The main aim of this work is to study, design, develop, and evaluate a distributed control architecture based on the Data-Distribution Service for Real-Time Systems (DDS) communication standard as proposed by the Object Management Group (OMG). As a result of the study, an architecture called Frame-Sensor-Adapter to Control (FSACtrl) has been developed. FSACtrl provides a model to implement an intelligent distributed Event-Based Control (EBC) system with support to measure QoS and QoC parameters. The novelty consists of using, simultaneously, the measured QoS and QoC parameters to make decisions about the control action with a new method called Event Based Quality Integral Cycle. To validate the architecture, the first five Braitenberg vehicles have been implemented using the FSACtrl architecture. The experimental outcomes, demonstrate the convenience of using jointly QoS and QoC parameters in distributed control systems. PMID:25723145

Poza-Lujan, Jose-Luis; Posadas-Yagüe, Juan-Luis; Simó-Ten, José-Enrique; Simarro, Raúl; Benet, Ginés

2015-01-01

232

Distributed Sensor Architecture for Intelligent Control that Supports Quality of Control and Quality of Service  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper is part of a study of intelligent architectures for distributed control and communications systems. The study focuses on optimizing control systems by evaluating the performance of middleware through quality of service (QoS parameters and the optimization of control using Quality of Control (QoC parameters. The main aim of this work is to study, design, develop, and evaluate a distributed control architecture based on the Data-Distribution Service for Real-Time Systems (DDS communication standard as proposed by the Object Management Group (OMG. As a result of the study, an architecture called Frame-Sensor-Adapter to Control (FSACtrl has been developed. FSACtrl provides a model to implement an intelligent distributed Event-Based Control (EBC system with support to measure QoS and QoC parameters. The novelty consists of using, simultaneously, the measured QoS and QoC parameters to make decisions about the control action with a new method called Event Based Quality Integral Cycle. To validate the architecture, the first five Braitenberg vehicles have been implemented using the FSACtrl architecture. The experimental outcomes, demonstrate the convenience of using jointly QoS and QoC parameters in distributed control systems.

Jose-Luis Poza-Lujan

2015-02-01

233

A Web-based DSS Architecture and its Forecasting Core in Supply Chain Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In a competitive market environment, supply chain management (SCM has been critical for companies to survive. Demand planning plays an important role in SCM, for it provides accurate demand forecasts which may achieve customer satisfaction by offering benefits such as low inventory level, short lead time, efficient resource allocation, and quick response. To obtain more accurate forecasts, this study presents a web-based Decision Support System (DSS architecture and its forecasting core. The forecasting core, named Panel Function, contains three modules: Segmentation Module, Forecasting Module, and Coordination Module. The Segmentation Module categorizes customers into three segments: Loyal Customer Segment, Potential Customer Segment, and Switcher Segment. Based on the three segments, the Forecasting Module employs different forecasting and analysis technologies to make an integrated forecast estimate: time-seriesforecasting to capture the loyal customer demand trend, Bayesian inference to estimate the predicted value of switcher purchase quantity, and questionnaire analysis and brand choicemodels to unearth potential customers. The results from these three processes are then synthesized to obtain the integrated forecast, which is then used in the Coordination Module as the base of distribution planning, and provides a minimal system-wide total costsolution for all parties in the supply chain. As a whole, this DSS architecture has been shown to provide an efficient mechanism for collaborative demand planning and help create the maximum profit for the supply chain.

Tien-You Wang

2009-06-01

234

Rolled-up magnetic sensor: nanomembrane architecture for in-flow detection of magnetic objects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Detection and analysis of magnetic nanoobjects is a crucial task in modern diagnostic and therapeutic techniques applied to medicine and biology. Accomplishment of this task calls for the development and implementation of electronic elements directly in fluidic channels, which still remains an open and nontrivial issue. Here, we present a novel concept based on rolled-up nanotechnology for fabrication of multifunctional devices, which can be straightforwardly integrated into existing fluidic architectures. We apply strain engineering to roll-up a functional nanomembrane consisting of a magnetic sensor element based on [Py/Cu](30) multilayers, revealing giant magnetoresistance (GMR). The comparison of the sensor's characteristics before and after the roll-up process is found to be similar, allowing for a reliable and predictable method to fabricate high-quality ultracompact GMR devices. The performance of the rolled-up magnetic sensor was optimized to achieve high sensitivity to weak magnetic fields. We demonstrate that the rolled-up tube itself can be efficiently used as a fluidic channel, while the integrated magnetic sensor provides an important functionality to detect and respond to a magnetic field. The performance of the rolled-up magnetic sensor for the in-flow detection of ferromagnetic CrO(2) nanoparticles embedded in a biocompatible polymeric hydrogel shell is highlighted. PMID:21861498

Mönch, Ingolf; Makarov, Denys; Koseva, Radinka; Baraban, Larysa; Karnaushenko, Daniil; Kaiser, Claudia; Arndt, Karl-Friedrich; Schmidt, Oliver G

2011-09-27

235

A Unique Design based Processing Layer for Modular Architecture in Wireless Sensor Networks and its Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The growth of sensor networks during the last years is a fact and within this field, wireless sensor networks are growing particularly as there are many applications that demand the use of many nodes(also called as mote, even hundreds or thousands. More and more applications are emerging to solve several problems in data acquisition and control in different environments, taking advantage of this technology. In this context, hardware design of the sensor network node becomes critical to satisfy the hard constraints imposed by wireless sensor networks, like low power consumption, low size and low cost. Moreover, these nodes must be capable of sensing, processing and communicating physical parameters, becoming true smart sensors in a network. With this goal in mind, we propose a modular architecture for the nodes, composed of four layers: communication, processing, power supply and sensing. The purpose is to minimize the redesign effort as well as to make the node flexible and adaptable to many different applications. In a first prototype of the node, we present a node with a mixed design based on a microcontroller and an FPGA for the processing layer and Bluetooth technology for communications.

Guttikonda Chaitra Bharati#1 , Akkela Ramakrishna *2 , Chagamreddy Jhansi #3 , K.Ajay Reddy$

2013-03-01

236

An Automated End-To Multi-Agent Qos Based Architecture for Selection of Geospatial Web Services  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past decade, Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web services have gained wide popularity and acceptance from researchers and industries all over the world. SOA makes it easy to build business applications with common services, and it provides like: reduced integration expense, better asset reuse, higher business agility, and reduction of business risk. Building of framework for acquiring useful geospatial information for potential users is a crucial problem faced by the GIS domain. Geospatial Web services solve this problem. With the help of web service technology, geospatial web services can provide useful geospatial information to potential users in a better way than traditional geographic information system (GIS). A geospatial Web service is a modular application designed to enable the discovery, access, and chaining of geospatial information and services across the web that are often both computation and data-intensive that involve diverse sources of data and complex processing functions. With the proliferation of web services published over the internet, multiple web services may provide similar functionality, but with different non-functional properties. Thus, Quality of Service (QoS) offers a metric to differentiate the services and their service providers. In a quality-driven selection of web services, it is important to consider non-functional properties of the web service so as to satisfy the constraints or requirements of the end users. The main intent of this paper is to build an automated end-to-end multi-agent based solution to provide the best-fit web service to service requester based on QoS.

Shah, M.; Verma, Y.; Nandakumar, R.

2012-07-01

237

Extended Architecture of Web Crawler on Enhancement in Web Crawler using Weighted Page Rank Algorithm based on VOL  

OpenAIRE

As the World Wide Web is growing rapidly day by day, the number of web pages is increasing into millions and trillions around the world. To make searching much easier for users, search engines came into existence. Web search engines are used to find specific information on the World Wide Web. Without search engines, it would be almost impossible for us to locate anything on the Web unless or until we know a specific URL address. Every search engine maintains a central repository or databases...

Sachin Gupta,; Sashi Tarun

2014-01-01

238

A 128 × 128 Pixel Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Image Sensor with an Improved Pixel Architecture for Detecting Modulated Light Signals  

Science.gov (United States)

A complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor for the detection of modulated light under background illumination has been developed. When an object is illuminated by a modulated light source under background illumination the sensor enables the object alone to be captured. This paper describes improvements in pixel architecture for reducing fixed pattern noise (FPN) and improving the sensitivity of the image sensor. The improved 128 × 128 pixel CMOS image sensor with a column parallel analog-to-digital converter (ADC) circuit was fabricated using 0.35-mm CMOS technology. The resulting captured images are shown and the properties of improved pixel architecture are described. The image sensor has FPN of 1/28 that of the previous image sensor and an improved pixel architecture comprising a common in-pixel amp and a correlated double sampling (CDS) circuit. The use of a split photogate increases the sensitivity of the image sensor to 1.3 times that of the previous image sensor.

Yamamoto, Koji; Oya, Yu; Kagawa, Keiichiro; Nunoshita, Masahiro; Ohta, Jun; Watanabe, Kunihiro

239

Monitoring Architectural Heritage by Wireless Sensors Networks: San Gimignano — A Case Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the “Rognosa” tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes linked to suitable sensors capable of monitoring crucial parameters like: temperature, humidity, masonry cracks, pouring rain, and visual light. The access to data is granted by a user interface for remote control. The WSN can autonomously send remote alarms when predefined thresholds are reached.

Alessandro Mecocci

2014-01-01

240

LIDeA: A Distributed Lightweight Intrusion Detection Architecture for Sensor Networks  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Wireless sensor networks are vulnerable to adversaries as they are frequently deployed in open and unattended environments. Preventive mechanisms can be applied to protect them from an assortment of attacks. However, more sophisticated methods, like intrusion detection systems, are needed to achieve a more autonomic and complete defense mechanism, even against attacks that have not been anticipated in advance. In this paper, we present a lightweight intrusion detection system, called LIDeA, designed for wireless sensor networks. LIDeA is based on a distributed architecture, in which nodes overhear their neighboring nodes and collaborate with each other in order to successfully detect an intrusion. We show how such a system can be implemented in TinyOS, which components and interfaces are needed, and what is the resulting overhead imposed.

Giannetsos, Athanasios; Krontiris, Ioannis

2008-01-01

241

Single-photon sampling architecture for solid-state imaging sensors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advances in solid-state technology have enabled the development of silicon photomultiplier sensor arrays capable of sensing individual photons. Combined with high-frequency time-to-digital converters (TDCs), this technology opens up the prospect of sensors capable of recording with high accuracy both the time and location of each detected photon. Such a capability could lead to significant improvements in imaging accuracy, especially for applications operating with low photon fluxes such as light detection and ranging and positron-emission tomography. The demands placed on on-chip readout circuitry impose stringent trade-offs between fill factor and spatiotemporal resolution, causing many contemporary designs to severely underuse the technology's full potential. Concentrating on the low photon flux setting, this paper leverages results from group testing and proposes an architecture for a highly efficient readout of pixels using only a small number of TDCs. We provide optimized design instances for various sensor parameters and compute explicit upper and lower bounds on the number of TDCs required to uniquely decode a given maximum number of simultaneous photon arrivals. To illustrate the strength of the proposed architecture, we note a typical digitization of a 60 × 60 photodiode sensor using only 142 TDCs. The design guarantees registration and unique recovery of up to four simultaneous photon arrivals using a fast decoding algorithm. By contrast, a cross-strip design requires 120 TDCs and cannot uniquely decode any simultaneous photon arrivals. Among other realistic simulations of scintillation events in clinical positron-emission tomography, the above design is shown to recover the spatiotemporal location of 99.98% of all detected photons. PMID:23836643

van den Berg, Ewout; Candès, Emmanuel; Chinn, Garry; Levin, Craig; Olcott, Peter Demetri; Sing-Long, Carlos

2013-07-23

242

Semantics empowered web 3.0 managing enterprise, social, sensor, and cloud-based data and services for advanced applications  

CERN Document Server

After the traditional document-centric Web 1.0 and user-generated content focused Web 2.0, Web 3.0 has become a repository of an ever growing variety of Web resources that include data and services associated with enterprises, social networks, sensors, cloud, as well as mobile and other devices that constitute the Internet of Things. These pose unprecedented challenges in terms of heterogeneity (variety), scale (volume), and continuous changes (velocity), as well as present corresponding opportunities if they can be exploited. Just as semantics has played a critical role in dealing with data h

Sheth, Amit

2012-01-01

243

Objectively Optimized Observation Direction System Providing Situational Awareness for a Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

There is great utility in having a flexible and automated objective observation direction system for the decadal survey missions and beyond. Such a system allows us to optimize the observations made by suite of sensors to address specific goals from long term monitoring to rapid response. We have developed such a prototype using a network of communicating software elements to control a heterogeneous network of sensor systems, which can have multiple modes and flexible viewing geometries. Our system makes sensor systems intelligent and situationally aware. Together they form a sensor web of multiple sensors working together and capable of automated target selection, i.e. the sensors “know” where they are, what they are able to observe, what targets and with what priorities they should observe. This system is implemented in three components. The first component is a Sensor Web simulator. The Sensor Web simulator describes the capabilities and locations of each sensor as a function of time, whether they are orbital, sub-orbital, or ground based. The simulator has been implemented using AGIs Satellite Tool Kit (STK). STK makes it easy to analyze and visualize optimal solutions for complex space scenarios, and perform complex analysis of land, sea, air, space assets, and shares results in one integrated solution. The second component is target scheduler that was implemented with STK Scheduler. STK Scheduler is powered by a scheduling engine that finds better solutions in a shorter amount of time than traditional heuristic algorithms. The global search algorithm within this engine is based on neural network technology that is capable of finding solutions to larger and more complex problems and maximizing the value of limited resources. The third component is a modeling and data assimilation system. It provides situational awareness by supplying the time evolution of uncertainty and information content metrics that are used to tell us what we need to observe and the priority we should give to the observations. A prototype of this component was implemented with AutoChem. AutoChem is NASA release software constituting an automatic code generation, symbolic differentiator, analysis, documentation, and web site creation tool for atmospheric chemical modeling and data assimilation. Its model is explicit and uses an adaptive time-step, error monitoring time integration scheme for stiff systems of equations. AutoChem was the first model to ever have the facility to perform 4D-Var data assimilation and Kalman filter. The project developed a control system with three main accomplishments. First, fully multivariate observational and theoretical information with associated uncertainties was combined using a full Kalman filter data assimilation system. Second, an optimal distribution of the computations and of data queries was achieved by utilizing high performance computers/load balancing and a set of automatically mirrored databases. Third, inter-instrument bias correction was performed using machine learning. The PI for this project was Dr. David Lary of the UMBC Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center.

Aulov, O.; Lary, D. J.

2010-12-01

244

Exploiting Parallelism in Query Processing for Web Document Search Using Shared-Memory and Cluster-Based Architectures  

OpenAIRE

Achieving interactive response times when searching for documents on the web has become a challenge especially with the tremendous increase in the size of information available nowadays. Incorporating parallelism in search engines is one of the approaches towards achieving this aim. In this paper, we present a model for parallel query processing. Then, this model is extended particularly for usage on shared-memory and cluster parallel architectures. A special simulator, reflecting the propose...

Amal Elsayed Aboutabl

2013-01-01

245

The Architecture and Development of Multi-Role Course Design of a Web-Based Group Training System  

OpenAIRE

Due to the fast development of information technology there are new opportunities for traditional training systems. Many e-training systems are proposed and implemented, however, there is rarely any research on group based e-training system that allow people to train in a group that involves different roles. This paper proposes an architecture for a web based surgery group training system that supports multi-role group training courses. A course model based on XPDL (XML Process Definition Lan...

Xi Guo; Seng Chong; Sue Dyson; Lorenzo Picinali

2013-01-01

246

Rapid EHR development and implementation using web and cloud-based architecture in a large home health and hospice organization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health care organizations have long been limited to a small number of major vendors in their selection of an electronic health record (EHR) system in the national and international marketplace. These major EHR vendors have in common base systems that are decades old, are built in antiquated programming languages, use outdated server architecture, and are based on inflexible data models [1,2]. The option to upgrade their technology to keep pace with the power of new web-based architecture, programming tools and cloud servers is not easily undertaken due to large client bases, development costs and risk [3]. This paper presents the decade-long efforts of a large national provider of home health and hospice care to select an EHR product, failing that to build their own and failing that initiative to go back into the market in 2012. The decade time delay had allowed new technologies and more nimble vendors to enter the market. Partnering with a new start-up company doing web and cloud based architecture for the home health and hospice market, made it possible to build, test and implement an operational and point of care system in 264 home health locations across 40 states and three time zones in the United States. This option of "starting over" with the new web and cloud technologies may be posing a next generation of new EHR vendors that retells the Blackberry replacement by iPhone story in healthcare. PMID:24943570

Weaver, Charlotte A; Teenier, Pamela

2014-01-01

247

Semantics of immersive web through its architectural structure and graphic primitives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Currently, practices and tools for computer-aided three-dimensional design, do not allow the semantic description of objects constructed in some cases specified notations as handling layers, or labeling of each development itself. The lack of a standard for the description of the elements represents a major drawback for using advanced three-dimensional environments such as the automation of search and construction processes that require semantic knowledge of its elements.This project proposes the development the semantic composition from the hierarchy of three-dimensional visualization of graphics primitives used to construct three-dimensional objects, taking into account the geometric composition architecture of standard 19775-1 of the International Electrotechnical Commission of the International Organization for StandardizationFor the development of semantic composition use the methodology methontology proposed by the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, because it allows the construction of ontologies about specific domains, limiting the domain by defining classes and subclasses, relationships and the generation of instances a framework for resource description on web ontology language.

Rubén González Crespo

2010-12-01

248

The ARCOMEM Architecture for Social- and Semantic-Driven Web Archiving  

OpenAIRE

The constantly growing amount ofWeb content and the success of the SocialWeb lead to increasing needs for Web archiving. These needs go beyond the pure preservationo of Web pages. Web archives are turning into “community memories” that aim at building a better understanding of the public view on, e.g., celebrities, court decisions and other events. Due to the size of the Web, the traditional “collect-all” strategy is in many cases not the best method to build Web archives. In this pap...

Thomas Risse.; Elena Demidova; Stefan Dietze; Wim Peters; Nikolaos Papailiou; Katerina Doka; Yannis Stavrakas; Vassilis Plachouras; Pierre Senellart; Florent Carpentier; Amin Mantrach; Bogdan Cautis; Patrick Siehndel; Dimitris Spiliotopoulos

2014-01-01

249

A Java-based enterprise system architecture for implementing a continuously supported and entirely Web-based exercise solution.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since machine-based exercise still uses local facilities, it is affected by time and place. We designed a web-based system architecture based on the Java 2 Enterprise Edition that can accomplish continuously supported machine-based exercise. In this system, exercise programs and machines are loosely coupled and dynamically integrated on the site of exercise via the Internet. We then extended the conventional health promotion model, which contains three types of players (users, exercise trainers, and manufacturers), by adding a new player: exercise program creators. Moreover, we developed a self-describing strategy to accommodate a variety of exercise programs and provide ease of use to users on the web. We illustrate our novel design with examples taken from our feasibility study on a web-based cycle ergometer exercise system. A biosignal-based workload control approach was introduced to ensure that users performed appropriate exercise alone. PMID:16617629

Wang, Zhihui; Kiryu, Tohru

2006-04-01

250

Optical Flow in a Smart Sensor Based on Hybrid Analog-Digital Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a motion sensor (delivering optical flow estimations using a platform that includes the sensor itself, focal plane processing resources, and co-processing resources on a general purpose embedded processor. All this is implemented on a single device as a SoC (System-on-a-Chip. Optical flow is the 2-D projection into the camera plane of the 3-D motion information presented at the world scenario. This motion representation is widespread well-known and applied in the science community to solve a wide variety of problems. Most applications based on motion estimation require work in real-time; hence, this restriction must be taken into account. In this paper, we show an efficient approach to estimate the motion velocity vectors with an architecture based on a focal plane processor combined on-chip with a 32 bits NIOS II processor. Our approach relies on the simplification of the original optical flow model and its efficient implementation in a platform that combines an analog (focal-plane and digital (NIOS II processor. The system is fully functional and is organized in different stages where the early processing (focal plane stage is mainly focus to pre-process the input image stream to reduce the computational cost in the post-processing (NIOS II stage. We present the employed co-design techniques and analyze this novel architecture. We evaluate the system’s performance and accuracy with respect to the different proposed approaches described in the literature. We also discuss the advantages of the proposed approach as well as the degree of efficiency which can be obtained from the focal plane processing capabilities of the system. The final outcome is a low cost smart sensor for optical flow computation with real-time performance and reduced power consumption that can be used for very diverse application domains.

Pablo Guzmán

2010-03-01

251

A Pattern for Web-based WSN Monitoring (Invited Paper  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes a pattern for the architecture of web-based wireless sensor network monitoring. Sensor nodes are used to measure characteristics of the physical environment and sensed data is stored on the Internet using web-based technologies. Users can access data remotely as long as they have Internet connectivity. Many wireless sensor network applications developed today use smartphones as a gateway between the sensor network or the user, and the Internet. This allows the sensor network and/or the users to be mobile. Implementation of a web-based wireless sensor network architecture, that uses smartphones, provides a scalable solution with applicability in many areas such as healthcare, environmental monitoring, border security, structural health monitoring, and many more.

Fulvio Frati

2011-08-01

252

An Analytical Approach for Optimal Clustering Architecture for Maximizing Lifetime in Large Scale Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many methods have been researched to prolong sensor network lifetime using mobile technologies. In the mobile sink research, there are the track based methods and the anchor points based methods as representative operation methods for mobile sinks. However, the existing methods decrease Quality of Service (QoS and lead the routing hotspot in the vicinity of the mobile sink. In large scale wireless sensor networks, clustering is an effective technique for the purpose of improving the utilization of limited energy and prolonging the network lifetime. However, the problem of unbalanced energy dissipation exists in the multi-hop clustering model, where the cluster heads closer to the sink have to relay heavier traffic and consume more energy than farther nodes. In this paper we analyze several aspects based on the optimal clustering architecture for maximizing lifetime for large scale wireless sensor network. We also provide some analytical concepts for energy-aware head rotation and routing protocols to further balance the energy consumption among all nodes.

Mr. Yogesh Rai

2011-09-01

253

Phased Array-Fed Reflector (PAFR) Antenna Architectures for Space-Based Sensors  

Science.gov (United States)

Communication link and target ranges for satellite communications (SATCOM) and space-based sensors (e.g. radars) vary from approximately 1000 km (for LEO satellites) to 35,800 km (for GEO satellites). At these long ranges, large antenna gains are required and legacy payloads have usually employed large reflectors with single beams that are either fixed or mechanically steered. For many applications, there are inherent limitations that are associated with the use of these legacy antennas/payloads. Hybrid antenna designs using Phased Array Fed Reflectors (PAFRs) provide a compromise between reflectors and Direct Radiating phased Arrays (DRAs). PAFRs provide many of the performance benefits of DRAs while utilizing much smaller, lower cost (feed) arrays. The primary limitation associated with hybrid PAFR architectures is electronic scan range; approximately +/-5 to +/- 10 degrees is typical, but this range depends on many factors. For LEO applications, the earth FOV is approximately +/-55 degrees which is well beyond the range of electronic scanning for PAFRs. However, for some LEO missions, limited scanning is sufficient or the CONOPS and space vehicle designs can be developed to incorporate a combination mechanical slewing and electronic scanning. In this paper, we review, compare and contrast various PAFR architectures with a focus on their general applicability to space missions. We compare the RF performance of various PAFR architectures and describe key hardware design and implementation trades. Space-based PAFR designs are highly multi-disciplinary and we briefly address key hardware engineering design areas. Finally, we briefly describe two PAFR antenna architectures that have been developed at Northrop Grumman.

Cooley, Michael E.

2014-01-01

254

A FPGA embedded web server for remote monitoring and control of smart sensors networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the ?CLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI). The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A). Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology. PMID:24379047

Magdaleno, Eduardo; Rodríguez, Manuel; Pérez, Fernando; Hernández, David; García, Enrique

2013-01-01

255

A FPGA Embedded Web Server for Remote Monitoring and Control of Smart Sensors Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the ?CLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI. The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A. Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology.

Eduardo Magdaleno

2013-12-01

256

Coastal Ocean Observing Network - Open Source Architecture for Data Management and Web-Based Data Services  

Science.gov (United States)

The observations from the oceans are the backbone for any kind of operational services, viz. potential fishing zone advisory services, ocean state forecast, storm surges, cyclones, monsoon variability, tsunami, etc. Though it is important to monitor open Ocean, it is equally important to acquire sufficient data in the coastal ocean through coastal ocean observing systems for re-analysis, analysis and forecast of coastal ocean by assimilating different ocean variables, especially sub-surface information; validation of remote sensing data, ocean and atmosphere model/analysis and to understand the processes related to air-sea interaction and ocean physics. Accurate information and forecast of the state of the coastal ocean at different time scales is vital for the wellbeing of the coastal population as well as for the socio-economic development of the country through shipping, offshore oil and energy etc. Considering the importance of ocean observations in terms of understanding our ocean environment and utilize them for operational oceanography, a large number of platforms were deployed in the Indian Ocean including coastal observatories, to acquire data on ocean variables in and around Indian Seas. The coastal observation network includes HF Radars, wave rider buoys, sea level gauges, etc. The surface meteorological and oceanographic data generated by these observing networks are being translated into ocean information services through analysis and modelling. Centralized data management system is a critical component in providing timely delivery of Ocean information and advisory services. In this paper, we describe about the development of open-source architecture for real-time data reception from the coastal observation network, processing, quality control, database generation and web-based data services that includes on-line data visualization and data downloads by various means.

Pattabhi Rama Rao, E.; Venkat Shesu, R.; Udaya Bhaskar, T. V. S.

2012-07-01

257

QuakeSim: a Web Service Environment for Productive Investigations with Earth Surface Sensor Data  

Science.gov (United States)

The QuakeSim science gateway environment includes a visually rich portal interface, web service access to data and data processing operations, and the QuakeTables ontology-based database of fault models and sensor data. The integrated tools and services are designed to assist investigators by covering the entire earthquake cycle of strain accumulation and release. The Web interface now includes Drupal-based access to diverse and changing content, with new ability to access data and data processing directly from the public page, as well as the traditional project management areas that require password access. The system is designed to make initial browsing of fault models and deformation data particularly engaging for new users. Popular data and data processing include GPS time series with data mining techniques to find anomalies in time and space, experimental forecasting methods based on catalogue seismicity, faulted deformation models (both half-space and finite element), and model-based inversion of sensor data. The fault models include the CGS and UCERF 2.0 faults of California and are easily augmented with self-consistent fault models from other regions. The QuakeTables deformation data include the comprehensive set of UAVSAR interferograms as well as a growing collection of satellite InSAR data.. Fault interaction simulations are also being incorporated in the web environment based on Virtual California. A sample usage scenario is presented which follows an investigation of UAVSAR data from viewing as an overlay in Google Maps, to selection of an area of interest via a polygon tool, to fast extraction of the relevant correlation and phase information from large data files, to a model inversion of fault slip followed by calculation and display of a synthetic model interferogram.

Parker, J. W.; Donnellan, A.; Granat, R. A.; Lyzenga, G. A.; Glasscoe, M. T.; McLeod, D.; Al-Ghanmi, R.; Pierce, M.; Fox, G.; Grant Ludwig, L.; Rundle, J. B.

2011-12-01

258

A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs  

OpenAIRE

Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on the society`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuously online investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this a...

Mehdi Naghavi; Mohsen Sharifi

2012-01-01

259

A High-level Architecture for Intrusion Detection on Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks: Hierarchical, Scalable and Dynamic Reconfigurable  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Networks protection against different types of attacks is one of most important posed issue into the network and information security domains. This problem on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs, in attention to their special properties, has more importance. Now, there are some of proposed solutions to protect Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs against different types of intrusions; but no one of them has a comprehensive view to this problem and they are usually designed in single-purpose; but, the proposed design in this paper has been a comprehensive view to this issue by presenting a complete Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA. The main contribution of this architecture is its hierarchical structure; i.e. it is designed and applicable, in one, two or three levels, consistent to the application domain and its required security level. Focus of this paper is on the clustering WSNs, designing and deploying Sensor-based Intrusion Detection System (SIDS on sensor nodes, Cluster-based Intrusion Detection System (CIDS on cluster-heads and Wireless Sensor Network wide level Intrusion Detection System (WSNIDS on the central server. Suppositions of the WSN and Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA are: static and heterogeneous network, hierarchical, distributed and clustering structure along with clusters' overlapping. Finally, this paper has been designed a questionnaire to verify the proposed idea; then it analyzed and evaluated the acquired results from the questionnaires.

Hossein Jadidoleslamy

2011-07-01

260

Generic Vehicle Architecture for the integration and sharing of in-vehicle and extra-vehicle sensors  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present a Generic Vehicle Architecture (GVA), developed as part of the UK MOD GVA programme that addresses the issues of dynamic platform re-role through modular capability integration and behaviour orchestration. The proposed architecture addresses the need for: a) easy integration with legacy and future systems, and architectures; b) scalability from individual sensors, individual human users, vehicles and patrols to battle groups and brigades; c) rapid introduction of new capabilities in response to a changing operational scenario; d) be agnostic of communications systems, devices, operating systems and computer platforms. The GVA leverages the use of research output and tools developed by the International Technology Alliance (ITA) in Network and Information Science1 programme, in particular the ITA Sensor Fabric2-4 developed to address the challenges in the areas of sensor identification, classification, interoperability and sensor data sharing, dissemination and consumability, commonly present in tactical ISR/ISTAR,5 and the Gaian Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD)6-8 developed the challenges of accessing distributed sources of data in an ad-hoc environment where the consumers do not have the knowledge of the location of the data within the network. The GVA also promotes the use of off-the-shelf hardware, and software which is advantageous from the aspect of easy of upgrading, lower cost of support and replacement, and speed of re-deploying platforms through a "fitted for but not with" approach. The GVA exploits the services orientated architecture (SOA) environment provided by the ITA Sensor Fabric to enhance the capability of legacy solutions and applications by enabling information exchange between them by, for example, providing direct near real-time communication between legacy systems. The GVA, a prototype implementation demonstrator of this architecture has demonstrated its utility to fusing, exploiting and sharing situational awareness information for force protection, and platform and device health and usage information for logistics and deployment management.

Bergamaschi, Flavio; Conway-Jones, Dave; Peach, Nicholas

2010-04-01

261

Modular extracellular sensor architecture for engineering mammalian cell-based devices.  

Science.gov (United States)

Engineering mammalian cell-based devices that monitor and therapeutically modulate human physiology is a promising and emerging frontier in clinical synthetic biology. However, realizing this vision will require new technologies enabling engineered circuitry to sense and respond to physiologically relevant cues. No existing technology enables an engineered cell to sense exclusively extracellular ligands, including proteins and pathogens, without relying upon native cellular receptors or signal transduction pathways that may be subject to crosstalk with native cellular components. To address this need, we here report a technology we term a Modular Extracellular Sensor Architecture (MESA). This self-contained receptor and signal transduction platform is maximally orthogonal to native cellular processes and comprises independent, tunable protein modules that enable performance optimization and straightforward engineering of novel MESA that recognize novel ligands. We demonstrate ligand-inducible activation of MESA signaling, optimization of receptor performance using design-based approaches, and generation of MESA biosensors that produce outputs in the form of either transcriptional regulation or transcription-independent reconstitution of enzymatic activity. This systematic, quantitative platform characterization provides a framework for engineering MESA to recognize novel ligands and for integrating these sensors into diverse mammalian synthetic biology applications. PMID:24611683

Daringer, Nichole M; Dudek, Rachel M; Schwarz, Kelly A; Leonard, Joshua N

2014-12-19

262

New architecture of tunable mechanical monolithic horizontal sensor for low frequency seismic noise measurement  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a new mechanical architecture of the monolithic tunable folded pendulum, developed at the University of Salerno, configurable both as seismometer and, in a force-feedback configuration, as accelerometer. Typical applications are the remote monitoring of seismic and newtonian noises for geophysical applications. This sensor, shaped with precision machining and electric-discharge-machining, like the previous versions, is a very compact instrument, very sensitive in the low-frequency seismic noise band, with a very good immunity to environmental noises. Important characteristics are the large band (10-6 - 10mHz), the tunability of the resonance frequency and the laser optical readout, that integrates an optical lever and a laser interferometer. The theoretical sensitivity curves, largely improved due to a new design of the pendulum arms and of the electronics, are in a very good agreement with the measurements. In particular, a very good sensitivity (10-12 m/Hz1/2) has been obtained in the band 0.1 - 10 Hz). Prototypes of monolithic seismometers are already operational in selected sites around the world both to remotely acquire data for scientific analysis of seismic noise and to collect all the useful information to understand their performances in the very low frequency band. The results of the monolithic sensor as accelerometer (force feed-back configuration) are also presented and discussed.

Acernese, Fausto; Giordano, Gerardo; De Rosa, Rosario; Romano, Rocco; Vilasi, Silvia; Barone, Fabrizio

2010-10-01

263

A Flexible Tool for Web Service Selection in Service Oriented Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web Services are emerging technologies that enable application to application communication and reuse of services over Web. Semantic Web improves the quality of existing tasks, including Web services discovery, invocation, composition, monitoring, and recovery through describing Web services capabilities and content in a computer interpretable language. To provide most of the requested Web services, a Web service matchmaker is usually required. Web service matchmaking is the process of finding an appropriate provider for a requester through a middle agent. To provide the right service for the right user request, Quality of service (QoS-based Web service selection is widely used. Employing QoS in Web service selection helps to satisfy user requirements through discovering the best service(s in terms of the required QoS. Inspired by the mode of the Internet Web search engine, like Yahoo, Google, in this paper we provide a QoS-based service selection algorithm that is able to identify the best candidate semantic Web service(s given the description of the requested service(s and QoS criteria of user requirements. In addition, our proposed approach proposes a ranking method for those services. We also show how we employ data warehousing techniques to model the service selection problem. The proposed algorithm integrates traditional match making mechanism with data warehousing techniques. This integration of methodologies enables us to employ the historical preference of the user to provide better selection in future searches. The main result of the paper is a generic framework that is implemented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed algorithm for QoS-based Web application. Our presented experimental results show that the algorithm indeed performs well and increases the system reliability.

Walaa Nagy

2011-12-01

264

A Web services-based distributed system with browser-client architecture to promote tele-audiology assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to extend applications of the Internet and other telecommunication means to the assessment of hearing. The newly developed distributed system consists primarily of an application server and its database, and Web services under browser-server architecture to support remote hearing assessment. A pilot study was conducted: three independent audiologists assessed hearing of 25 subjects using testing approaches with different data communication configurations. Analysis of the results demonstrated the feasibility of replacing conventional "face-to-face" tests with the remote hearing tests using the distributed system. Because of its distributed architecture, the present system supports a new service model and separates technical maintenance and clinical services. Consequently, the system shows great potential to benefit the clinical hearing care profession. Future research is planned to apply this system to medical facilities and for distance applications. PMID:19780690

Yao, Jianchu; Givens, Gregg D; Wan, Yongbo

2009-10-01

265

Bi-Fi: an embedded sensor/system architecture for REMOTE biological monitoring.  

Science.gov (United States)

Wireless-enabled processor modules intended for communicating low-frequency phenomena (i.e., temperature, humidity, and ambient light) have been enabled to acquire and transmit multiple biological signals in real time, which has been achieved by using computationally efficient data acquisition, filtering, and compression algorithms, and interfacing the modules with biological interface hardware. The sensor modules can acquire and transmit raw biological signals at a rate of 32 kb/s, which is near the hardware limit of the modules. Furthermore, onboard signal processing enables one channel, sampled at a rate of 4000 samples/s at 12-bit resolution, to be compressed via adaptive differential-pulse-code modulation (ADPCM) and transmitted in real time. In addition, the sensors can be configured to filter and transmit individual time-referenced "spike" waveforms, or to transmit the spike height and width for alleviating network traffic and increasing battery life. The system is capable of acquiring eight channels of analog signals as well as data via an asynchronous serial connection. A back-end server archives the biological data received via networked gateway sensors, and hosts them to a client application that enables users to browse recorded data. The system also acquires, filters, and transmits oxygen saturation and pulse rate via a commercial-off-the-shelf interface board. The system architecture can be configured for performing real-time nonobtrusive biological monitoring of humans or rodents. This paper demonstrates that low-power, computational, and bandwidth-constrained wireless-enabled platforms can indeed be leveraged for wireless biosignal monitoring. PMID:18046936

Farshchi, Shahin; Pesterev, Aleksey; Nuyujukian, Paul H; Mody, Istvan; Judy, Jack W

2007-11-01

266

A Survey of System Architecture Requirements for Health Care-Based Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs have emerged as a viable technology for a vast number of applications, including health care applications. To best support these health care applications, WSN technology can be adopted for the design of practical Health Care WSNs (HCWSNs that support the key system architecture requirements of reliable communication, node mobility support, multicast technology, energy efficiency, and the timely delivery of data. Work in the literature mostly focuses on the physical design of the HCWSNs (e.g., wearable sensors, in vivo embedded sensors, et cetera. However, work towards enhancing the communication layers (i.e., routing, medium access control, et cetera to improve HCWSN performance is largely lacking. In this paper, the information gleaned from an extensive literature survey is shared in an effort to fortify the knowledge base for the communication aspect of HCWSNs. We highlight the major currently existing prototype HCWSNs and also provide the details of their routing protocol characteristics. We also explore the current state of the art in medium access control (MAC protocols for WSNs, for the purpose of seeking an energy efficient solution that is robust to mobility and delivers data in a timely fashion. Furthermore, we review a number of reliable transport layer protocols, including a network coding based protocol from the literature, that are potentially suitable for delivering end-to-end reliability of data transmitted in HCWSNs. We identify the advantages and disadvantages of the reviewed MAC, routing, and transport layer protocols as they pertain to the design and implementation of a HCWSN. The findings from this literature survey will serve as a useful foundation for designing a reliable HCWSN and also contribute to the development and evaluation of protocols for improving the performance of future HCWSNs. Open issues that required further investigations are highlighted.

Abraham O. Fapojuwo

2011-05-01

267

A proxy design to leverage the interconnection of CoAP Wireless Sensor Networks with Web applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be short or long lived. The traditional HTTP long-polling used by Web applications may not be adequate in long-term communications. To overcome this problem, we include the WebSocket protocol in the design of the CoAP proxy. We evaluate the performance of the CoAP proxy in terms of latency and memory consumption. The tests consider long and short-lived communications. In both cases, we evaluate the performance obtained by the CoAP proxy according to the use of WebSocket and HTTP long-polling. PMID:25585107

Ludovici, Alessandro; Calveras, Anna

2015-01-01

268

A Proxy Design to Leverage the Interconnection of CoAP Wireless Sensor Networks with Web Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be short or long lived. The traditional HTTP long-polling used by Web applications may not be adequate in long-term communications. To overcome this problem, we include the WebSocket protocol in the design of the CoAP proxy. We evaluate the performance of the CoAP proxy in terms of latency and memory consumption. The tests consider long and short-lived communications. In both cases, we evaluate the performance obtained by the CoAP proxy according to the use of WebSocket and HTTP long-polling.

Alessandro Ludovici

2015-01-01

269

A Proxy Design to Leverage the Interconnection of CoAP Wireless Sensor Networks with Web Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be short or long lived. The traditional HTTP long-polling used by Web applications may not be adequate in long-term communications. To overcome this problem, we include the WebSocket protocol in the design of the CoAP proxy. We evaluate the performance of the CoAP proxy in terms of latency and memory consumption. The tests consider long and short-lived communications. In both cases, we evaluate the performance obtained by the CoAP proxy according to the use of WebSocket and HTTP long-polling. PMID:25585107

Ludovici, Alessandro; Calveras, Anna

2015-01-01

270

A Dynamic Implementation Independent Web Service Framework for Client-Server Architecture : A Web Service Framework Proposal for Utopiapeople  

OpenAIRE

This thesis presents a solution proposal as a framework for making the company Utopiapeople’s service automatic with the possibility to extend this service to a large system such as a complete online project management system. The presented framework makes it possible to create a big system and make it to communicate with several different client devices that are developed on different platforms like Android, Iphone, Blackberry, web browser, etc. The aim of this framework is to make the sys...

Ellba?ck, Mattias

2011-01-01

271

Implementation and Performance of a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL Architecture Using MEMS Inertial Sensors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustness. Within this context, coupling a very simple GPS receiver with an Inertial Navigation System (INS based on low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS inertial sensors is considered in this paper. In particular, we propose a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL (TCAPLL architecture, and present most of the associated challenges that need to be addressed when dealing with very-low-performance MEMS inertial sensors. In addition, we propose a data monitoring system in charge of checking the quality of the measurement flow in the architecture. The implementation of the TCAPLL is discussed in detail, and its performance under different scenarios is assessed. Finally, the architecture is evaluated through a test campaign using a vehicle that is driven in urban environments, with the purpose of highlighting the pros and cons of combining MEMS inertial sensors with GPS over GPS alone.

Youssef Tawk

2014-02-01

272

Implementation and performance of a GPS/INS tightly coupled assisted PLL architecture using MEMS inertial sensors.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustness. Within this context, coupling a very simple GPS receiver with an Inertial Navigation System (INS) based on low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) inertial sensors is considered in this paper. In particular, we propose a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL (TCAPLL) architecture, and present most of the associated challenges that need to be addressed when dealing with very-low-performance MEMS inertial sensors. In addition, we propose a data monitoring system in charge of checking the quality of the measurement flow in the architecture. The implementation of the TCAPLL is discussed in detail, and its performance under different scenarios is assessed. Finally, the architecture is evaluated through a test campaign using a vehicle that is driven in urban environments, with the purpose of highlighting the pros and cons of combining MEMS inertial sensors with GPS over GPS alone. PMID:24569773

Tawk, Youssef; Tomé, Phillip; Botteron, Cyril; Stebler, Yannick; Farine, Pierre-André

2014-01-01

273

The GPS Analysis Package for Exploration and Understanding of Geodetic Sensor Web Time Series Data  

Science.gov (United States)

We introduce the GPS Analysis Package (GAP), a Matlab toolbox for GPS data exploration and understanding. The toolbox is designed to support scientists and engineers studying the motion of the solid Earth both in an academic environment and in the course of NASA missions such as UAVSAR and future InSAR satellite missions. It includes an ensemble of low-level routines to perform basic signal processing operations, such as removal of secular motion, de-noising, and removal of seasonal signals. It also includes a suite of more sophisticated statistical pattern recognition techniques, including hidden Markov models and Bayes nets, to detect changes, identify transient signals, understand regional motion, and uncover relationships between geographically removed nodes in the GPS network. Finally, it provides an assortment of methods for estimating missing observations in the network. We provide usage examples of the package applied to particular scenarios, including the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, and ongoing slow slip events in the Cascadia region. We also demonstrate the utility of the package within a web portal and web services environment by showcasing its use in the QuakeSim web portal. The QuakeSim portal allows easy access to GPS data sources provided by multiple institutions as well as a map and plotting interface to quickly assess analysis results. Finally, we show the extensibility of the package to other problem domains and sensor network data sources, demonstrating the analysis tools as applied to seismic network data, autonomous robotic navigation, and fault detection in engineering data streams from the International Space Station.

Granat, R. A.; Moghaddam, B.; Donnellan, A.

2012-12-01

274

An Object-Oriented Architecture for a Web-Based CAI System.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the design and implementation of an object-oriented World Wide Web-based CAI (Computer-Assisted Instruction) system. The goal of the design is to provide a flexible CAI/ITS (Intelligent Tutoring System) framework with full extendibility and reusability, as well as to exploit Web-based software technologies such as JAVA, ASP (a…

Nakabayashi, Kiyoshi; Hoshide, Takahide; Seshimo, Hitoshi; Fukuhara, Yoshimi

275

Migrating EO/IR sensors to cloud-based infrastructure as service architectures  

Science.gov (United States)

The Night Vision Image Generator (NVIG), a product of US Army RDECOM CERDEC NVESD, is a visualization tool used widely throughout Army simulation environments to provide fully attributed synthesized, full motion video using physics-based sensor and environmental effects. The NVIG relies heavily on contemporary hardware-based acceleration and GPU processing techniques, which push the envelope of both enterprise and commodity-level hypervisor support for providing virtual machines with direct access to hardware resources. The NVIG has successfully been integrated into fully virtual environments where system architectures leverage cloudbased technologies to various extents in order to streamline infrastructure and service management. This paper details the challenges presented to engineers seeking to migrate GPU-bound processes, such as the NVIG, to virtual machines and, ultimately, Cloud-Based IAS architectures. In addition, it presents the path that led to success for the NVIG. A brief overview of Cloud-Based infrastructure management tool sets is provided, and several virtual desktop solutions are outlined. A discrimination is made between general purpose virtual desktop technologies compared to technologies that expose GPU-specific capabilities, including direct rendering and hard ware-based video encoding. Candidate hypervisor/virtual machine configurations that nominally satisfy the virtualized hardware-level GPU requirements of the NVIG are presented , and each is subsequently reviewed in light of its implications on higher-level Cloud management techniques. Implementation details are included from the hardware level, through the operating system, to the 3D graphics APls required by the NVIG and similar GPU-bound tools.

Berglie, Stephen T.; Webster, Steven; May, Christopher M.

2014-06-01

276

Very Low-Memory Wavelet Compression Architecture Using Strip-Based Processing for Implementation in Wireless Sensor Networks  

OpenAIRE

Abstract This paper presents a very low-memory wavelet compression architecture for implementation in severely constrained hardware environments such as wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The approach employs a strip-based processing technique where an image is partitioned into strips and each strip is encoded separately. To further reduce the memory requirements, the wavelet compression uses a modified set-partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT) algorithm based on a degree-0 zerotree coding...

Kah Phooi Seng; Li-minn Ang; Wai Chong Chia; Li Wern Chew

2009-01-01

277

DISTRIBUTED LOCATION BASED PROXY ARCHITECTURE FOR VIDEO LEARNING PORTAL USING WEB PROGRAMMING TECHNOLOGIES  

OpenAIRE

This project describes architecture for making media on demand services for e-learning portals as efficient as possible by making use of distributed proxy servers. The proxy servers may be kept at different locations and the databases which they access can also be distributed on different locations or different machines. The specialty of this architecture is that it uses the location of the client demanding the media as a major factor in determining which proxy server will respond to the requ...

Rasoor Rajesh1 Rajesh

2011-01-01

278

Model-Driven Development of a Web Service-Oriented Architecture and Security Policies.  

OpenAIRE

Applying model-driven development methodologies provide inherent benefits such as increased productivity, greater reuse, and better maintainability, to name a few. Efforts on achieving model-driven development of web services already exist. However, there is currently no complete solution that addresses non-functional aspects of these services as well. This paper presents an ongoing work which seeks to integrate these non-functional aspects in the development of web services, with a clear emp...

Silva Gallino, Juan Pedro; Miguel Cabello, Miguel Angel; Ferna?ndez Briones, Javier; Alonso Mun?oz, Alejandro Antonio

2010-01-01

279

RoCoMAR: Robots’ Controllable Mobility Aided Routing and Relay Architecture for Mobile Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In a practical deployment, mobile sensor network (MSN suffers from a low performance due to high node mobility, time-varying wireless channel properties, and obstacles between communicating nodes. In order to tackle the problem of low network performance and provide a desired end-to-end data transfer quality, in this paper we propose a novel ad hoc routing and relaying architecture, namely RoCoMAR (Robots’ Controllable Mobility Aided Routing that uses robotic nodes’ controllable mobility. RoCoMAR repeatedly performs link reinforcement process with the objective of maximizing the network throughput, in which the link with the lowest quality on the path is identified and replaced with high quality links by placing a robotic node as a relay at an optimal position. The robotic node resigns as a relay if the objective is achieved or no more gain can be obtained with a new relay. Once placed as a relay, the robotic node performs adaptive link maintenance by adjusting its position according to the movements of regular nodes. The simulation results show that RoCoMAR outperforms existing ad hoc routing protocols for MSN in terms of network throughput and end-to-end delay.

Seokhoon Yoon

2013-07-01

280

Adaptive Sky: Observing Clouds Using Multi-Instrument, Multi-Platform Sensor Webs  

Science.gov (United States)

At present there exists a large suite of spaceborne and in-situ assets operated by NASA, NOAA, and other organizations, that provide independent sensing of the Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces. As the number of these assets grows, there is an increasing need for methods that combine these observations to provide a more complete and coherent picture of important geophysical processes. As part of a project supported through NASA's Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO), we have developed techniques that address this challenge by dynamically combining information from multiple sensors on different platforms to form sensor webs, which can respond quickly to short-lived events and provide rich, multi-modal observations of objects, such as clouds, that are evolving in both space and time. Techniques were adapted from the fields of computational data mining, computer vision, and machine learning that allow correspondence to be automatically established among various sets of observations. Two science scenarios were chosen to steer the development of the project: (1) matchups between the morning and afternoon constellations of the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellites, including the MODIS, MISR, AIRS, CloudSat, and CALIPSO instruments, and (2) correspondences between satellite and ground-based cloud images. The EOS matchup scenario provided improved satellite-derived information about cloud formation and development, along with important algorithm intercomparison information. The second scenario yielded new perspectives related to the three-dimensional structure and development of clouds. This work was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Garay, M. J.; Burl, M. C.; Wang, Y.; Ng, J.

2007-12-01

281

A novel terminal web-like structure in cortical lens fibers: architecture and functional assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes a novel cytoskeletal array in fiber cells of the ocular lens of the rat and shows its relationship to the classical terminal web of other epithelial tissues. Naive adult Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 28) were utilized. F-actin, fodrin, myosin IIA, and CP49 distribution was assessed in anterior and posterior polar sections. For functional analysis, lenses were cultured with or without cytochalasin-D for 3 hr, then processed for confocal microscopy or assessed by laser scan analysis along sutures. Phalloidin labeling demonstrated a dense mesh of F-actin adjacent to posterior sutural domains to a subcapsular depth of 400 ?m. Anterior polar sections revealed a comparable actin structure adjacent to anterior suture branches however, it was not developed in superficial fibers. Fodrin and myosin were localized within the web-like actin apparatus. The data was used to construct a model showing that the cytoskeletal array is located within the blunt, variable-width fiber ends that abut at sutures such that the "terminal web" flanks the suture on either side. Treatment with cytochalasin-D resulted in partial disassembly of the "terminal web" and perturbed cellular organization. Laser scan analysis revealed that cytochalasin-D treated lenses had significantly greater focal variability than control lenses (P = 0.020). We conclude that cortical fibers of rat lenses contain a bipolar structure that is structurally and compositionally analogous to classical terminal webs. The results indicate that the lens "terminal web" functions to stabilize lens fiber ends at sutures thus minimizing structural disorder, which in turn, promotes the establishment and maintenance of lens transparency. PMID:20730867

Al-Ghoul, Kristin J; Lindquist, Timothy P; Kirk, Spencer S; Donohue, Sean T

2010-11-01

282

The Architecture and Development of Multi-Role Course Design of a Web-Based Group Training System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to the fast development of information technology there are new opportunities for traditional training systems. Many e-training systems are proposed and implemented, however, there is rarely any research on group based e-training system that allow people to train in a group that involves different roles. This paper proposes an architecture for a web based surgery group training system that supports multi-role group training courses. A course model based on XPDL (XML Process Definition Language is introduced to bridge the understanding of a graphical multi-role course design and the computer application. There is also an explanation on how the multi-role courses are designed and used in applications. Finally a demonstration experiment is given.

Xi Guo

2013-02-01

283

Lithosphere-to-Ionosphere Plug-and-Play Architecture (LION-PNP): Sensor Networking Made Cheap and Easy  

Science.gov (United States)

The lack of rapidly reconfigurable and easily deployable instrumentation packages often results in information loss during unannounced or time-critical geophysical events such as spaceweather flare-ups, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis. While increasingly powerful and sensitive sensor technologies have been created in the last years to study our planet, robust, yet simple and cost-effective, mechanical, electrical, and data interfaces between these devices and the user (scientist) have yet to be developed. To address this problem, we present the LIthosphere-to-IOnosphere Plug-aNd-Play architecture (LION-PNP), a complete, low cost integration protocol for space, atmospheric, and terrestrial sensor networks. Similar to the USB plug-and-play protocols created for personal computers, LION-PNP offers geophysicists and space scientists the ability to assemble and operate complex sensor packages by simply 'plugging' devices (magnetometers, seismometers, GPS, spectrometers, etc) into a centralized Command and Data Handling unit (CDH). LION-PNP accomplishes this by inserting a Generic Sensor Interpreter (GSI) between the back-end of a device and the CDH. The GSI allows the CDH to automatically configure a sensor without requiring the user to manually install drivers. Furthermore, LION-PNP supports a number wireless networking protocols, allowing arrays of sensor nodes to be deployed rapidly over an area of interest. Finally, LION is compatible with the Android operating system, allowing the user to rapidly visualize, store and distribute data. In the following work, we report on the development of LION-PNP. To validate our hardware and software interfaces, we flew a small 4-point LION network on a multiple high altitude balloon launch. For this campaign, each node carried an array of sensors, including a magnetometer, temperature and pressure sensors, as well as GPS. The LION plug-and-play system allowed us to compose the network minutes before launch. Once in flight, the network and data management were handled by a Nexus 7 tablet.

Darling, N.; Mendez, J. S.; Manes, C.

2013-12-01

284

Optoelectronic Devices, Sensors, Communication and Multimedia, Photonics Applications and Web Engineering, Wilga, May 2012  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is the fourth part (out of five) of the research survey of WILGA Symposium work, May 2012 Edition, concerned with Optoelectronic Devices, Sensors, Communication and Multimedia (Video and Audio) technologies. It presents a digest of chosen technical work results shown by young researchers from different technical universities from this country during the Jubilee XXXth SPIE-IEEE Wilga 2012, May Edition, symposium on Photonics and Web Engineering. Topical tracks of the symposium embraced, among others, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for photonics, sensory and nonlinear optical fibers, object oriented design of hardware, photonic metrology, optoelectronics and photonics applications, photonics-electronics co-design, optoelectronic and electronic systems for astronomy and high energy physics experiments, JET tokamak and pi-of-the sky experiments development. The symposium is an annual summary in the development of numerable Ph.D. theses carried out in this country in the area of advanced electronic and photonic systems. It is also a great occasion for SPIE, IEEE, OSA and PSP students to meet together in a large group spanning the whole country with guests from this part of Europe. A digest of Wilga references is presented [1-270].

Romaniuk, Ryszard S.

2012-05-01

285

Web camera as low cost multispectral sensor for quantification of chlorophyll in soybean leaves  

Science.gov (United States)

Soybeans is one of main crops in Indonesia but the demand for soybeans is not followed by an increase in soybeans national production. One of the production limitation factor is the availability of lush cultivation area for soybeans plantation. Indonesian farners are usually grow soybeans in marginal cultivation area that requires soybeans varieties which tolerant with environmental stress such as drought, nutrition limitation, pest, disease and many others. Chlorophyll content in leaf is one of plant health indicator that can be used to determine environmental stress tolerant soybean varieties. However, there are difficulties in soybeans breeding research due to the manual acquisition of data that are time consume and labour extensive. In this paper authors proposed automatic system of soybeans leaves area and chlorophyll quantification based on low cost multispectral sensor using web camera as an indicator of soybean plant tollerance to environmental stress particularlly drought stress. The system acquires the image of the plant that is placed in the acquisition box from the top of the plant. The image is segmented using NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) from image and quantified to yield an average value of NDVI and leaf area. The proposed system showed that acquired NDVI value has a strong relationship with SPAD value with r-square value 0.70, while the leaf area prediction has error of 18.41%. Thus the automation system can quantify plant data with good result.

Adhiwibawa, Marcelinus A.; Setiawan, Yonathan E.; Prilianti, Kestrilia R.; Brotosudarmo, Tatas H. P.

2015-01-01

286

A Web Architecture to Geographically Interrogate CHIRPS Rainfall and eMODIS NDVI for Land Use Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Monitoring of rainfall and vegetation over the continent of Africa is important for assessing the status of crop health and agriculture, along with long-term changes in land use change. These issues can be addressed through examination of long-term precipitation (rainfall) data sets and remote sensing of land surface vegetation and land use types. Two products have been used previously to address these goals: the Climate Hazard Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) rainfall data, and multi-day composites of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from the USGS eMODIS product. Combined, these are very large data sets that require unique tools and architecture to facilitate a variety of data analysis methods or data exploration by the end user community. To address these needs, a web-enabled system has been developed to allow end-users to interrogate CHIRPS rainfall and eMODIS NDVI data over the continent of Africa. The architecture allows end-users to use custom defined geometries, or the use of predefined political boundaries in their interrogation of the data. The massive amount of data interrogated by the system allows the end-users with only a web browser to extract vital information in order to investigate land use change and its causes. The system can be used to generate daily, monthly and yearly averages over a geographical area and range of dates of interest to the user. It also provides analysis of trends in precipitation or vegetation change for times of interest. The data provided back to the end-user is displayed in graphical form and can be exported for use in other, external tools. The development of this tool has significantly decreased the investment and requirements for end-users to use these two important datasets, while also allowing the flexibility to the end-user to limit the search to the area of interest.

Burks, Jason E.; Limaye, Ashutosh

2014-01-01

287

DISTRIBUTED LOCATION BASED PROXY ARCHITECTURE FOR VIDEO LEARNING PORTAL USING WEB PROGRAMMING TECHNOLOGIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This project describes architecture for making media on demand services for e-learning portals as efficient as possible by making use of distributed proxy servers. The proxy servers may be kept at different locations and the databases which they access can also be distributed on different locations or different machines. The specialty of this architecture is that it uses the location of the client demanding the media as a major factor in determining which proxy server will respond to the request. This job is done by the Proxy determining logic which is a unique server for the whole architecture and which plays a central role in the functioning of the same. All the proxy servers use caching techniques and there is a central Backup server that ensures service continuity in case the main server fails due to any reason like power cut. The idea behind keeping the proxy determining logic and the location based proxy servers is that the proxy server nearest to the client will not only be having the shortest route to the client but also the chances of interruption of the service will be low. Due to lower physical distance the number of routers and gateways between the Thus the whole architecture ensures that the client gets his video/audio as smoothly, as quickly and using as low net bandwidth as possible.

Rasoor Rajesh1 Rajesh

2011-08-01

288

The implementation of common object request broker architecture (CORBA) for controlling robot arm via web  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the employment of the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) technology in the implementation of our distributed Arm Robot Controller (ARC). CORBA is an industrial standard architecture based on distributed abstract object model, which is developed by Object Management Group (OMG). The architecture consists of five components i.e. Object Request Broker (ORB), Interface Definition Language (IDL), Dynamic Invocation Interface (DII), Interface Repositories (IR) and Object adapter (OA). CORBA objects are different from typical programming objects in three ways i.e. they can be executed on any platform, located anywhere on the network and written in any language that supports IDL mapping. In the implementation of the system, 5 degree of freedom (DOF) arm robot RCS 6.0 and Java as a programming mapping to the CORBA IDL. By implementing this architecture, the objects in the server machine can be distributed over the network in order to run the controller. the ultimate goal for our ARC system is to demonstrate concurrent execution of multiple arm robots through multiple instantiations of distributed object components. (Author)

289

Meta-Search Utilizing Evolitionary Recommendation: A Web Search Architecture Proposal.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Ro?. 33, - (2008), s. 189-200. ISSN 1870-4069 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : web search * meta- search engine * intelligent re-ranking * ordered weighted averaging * Boolean search queries optimizing Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

Húsek, Dušan; Keyhanipour, A.; Krömer, P.; Moshiri, B.; Owais, S.; Snášel, V.

2008-01-01

290

Concurrent access to a virtual microscope using a web service oriented architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual microscopy (VM) facilitates visualization and deployment of histopathological virtual slides (VS), a useful tool for education, research and diagnosis. In recent years, it has become popular, yet its use is still limited basically because of the very large sizes of VS, typically of the order of gigabytes. Such volume of data requires efficacious and efficient strategies to access the VS content. In an educative or research scenario, several users may require to access and interact with VS at the same time, so, due to large data size, a very expensive and powerful infrastructure is usually required. This article introduces a novel JPEG2000-based service oriented architecture for streaming and visualizing very large images under scalable strategies, which in addition need not require very specialized infrastructure. Results suggest that the proposed architecture enables transmission and simultaneous visualization of large images, while it is efficient using resources and offering users proper response times.

Corredor, Germán.; Iregui, Marcela; Arias, Viviana; Romero, Eduardo

2013-11-01

291

Application of Service Oriented Architecture for Sensors and Actuators in District Heating Substations  

OpenAIRE

Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today’s district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented archite...

Jonas Gustafsson; Rumen Kyusakov; Henrik Mäkitaavola; Jerker Delsing

2014-01-01

292

Making secure Semantic Web  

OpenAIRE

this paper first describes ways of semantic web security implementation through layers. These layers are presented as a backbone for semantic web architecture and are represented in XML security, RDF security and in an idea of semantic web security standardization.

Adis Medi?; Adis Golubovi?

2010-01-01

293

Business Rules Generation methods by Merging Model Driven Architecture and Web Semantics  

OpenAIRE

The increasing complexity of the information systems must be taking into account for new technologies, and the appearance of new types of requirements raise new problems that the traditional engineering approaches of the information systems cannot always solve in an adapted way. Business Rules constitute a key element of the Semantic Web vision, allowing integration, derivation, and transformation of data from multiple sources in a distributed, transparent and scalable manner. The business ru...

Musumbu, Kaninda; Diouf, Mouhamed; Maabout, Sofian

2010-01-01

294

Server Technology – Web Based Service Oriented Architecture for Mobile Augmented Reality System  

OpenAIRE

Server Technology stands for lots of technology in mind like Microsoft, Sun Java, IBM, Open Source and many more. In mobile augmentation, server plays very important role to augment the data. Responsibility of the server is to collect the data , mixed virtual data with real data and these data sent back to client on Remote device at Remote place In this paper we briefly discuss about the server technology for web based Service oriented, also the processing software required for aug...

Jatin Dilipkumar Shah; Dr. Bijendra Agrawal

2012-01-01

295

Very Low-Memory Wavelet Compression Architecture Using Strip-Based Processing for Implementation in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a very low-memory wavelet compression architecture for implementation in severely constrained hardware environments such as wireless sensor networks (WSNs. The approach employs a strip-based processing technique where an image is partitioned into strips and each strip is encoded separately. To further reduce the memory requirements, the wavelet compression uses a modified set-partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT algorithm based on a degree-0 zerotree coding scheme to give high compression performance without the need for adaptive arithmetic coding which would require additional storage for multiple coding tables. A new one-dimension (1D addressing method is proposed to store the wavelet coefficients into the strip buffer for ease of coding. A softcore microprocessor-based hardware implementation on a field programmable gate array (FPGA is presented for verifying the strip-based wavelet compression architecture and software simulations are presented to verify the performance of the degree-0 zerotree coding scheme.

Kah Phooi Seng

2009-01-01

296

A Novel Terminal Web-Like Structure in Cortical Lens Fibers: Architecture and Functional Assessment  

OpenAIRE

This study describes a novel cytoskeletal array in fiber cells of the ocular lens of the rat and shows its relationship to the classical terminal web of other epithelial tissues. Naive adult Sprague-Dawley rats (n=28) were utilized. F-actin, fodrin, myosin IIA and CP49 distribution was assessed in anterior and posterior polar sections. For functional analysis, lenses were cultured with or without cytochalasin-D for 3 hours, then processed for confocal microscopy or assessed by laser scan anal...

Al-ghoul, Kristin J.; Lindquist, Timothy P.; Kirk, Spencer S.; Donohue, Sean T.

2010-01-01

297

Server Technology – Web Based Service Oriented Architecture for Mobile Augmented Reality System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Server Technology stands for lots of technology in mind like Microsoft, Sun Java, IBM, Open Source and many more. In mobile augmentation, server plays very important role to augment the data. Responsibility of the server is to collect the data , mixed virtual data with real data and these data sent back to client on Remote device at Remote place In this paper we briefly discuss about the server technology for web based Service oriented, also the processing software required for augmentation, it’s software technology, how they accept input from various types of devices and generated output data of various types like audio, video, 3-D graphics.

Jatin Dilipkumar Shah

2012-11-01

298

Historical Building Monitoring Using an Energy-Efficient Scalable Wireless Sensor Network Architecture  

OpenAIRE

We present a set of novel low power wireless sensor nodes designed for monitoring wooden masterpieces and historical buildings, in order to perform an early detection of pests. Although our previous star-based system configuration has been in operation for more than 13 years, it does not scale well for sensorization of large buildings or when deploying hundreds of nodes. In this paper we demonstrate the feasibility of a cluster-based dynamic-tree hierarchical Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) arc...

Alberto Bonastre; Angel Perles; Capella, Juan V.; Serrano, Juan J.

2011-01-01

299

An efficient architecture for the integration of sensor and actuator networks into the future internet  

OpenAIRE

In the future, sensors will enable a large variety of new services in different domains. Important application areas are service adaptations in fixed and mobile environments, ambient assisted living, home automation, traffic management, as well as management of smart grids. All these applications will share a common property, the usage of networked sensors and actuators. To ensure an efficient deployment of such sensor-actuator networks, concepts and frameworks for managing ...

Schneider, J.; Klein, A.; Mannweiler, C.; Schotten, H. D.

2011-01-01

300

Sensor Network Architecture for a Fully Digital and Scalable SPAD based PET System  

OpenAIRE

Digital SiPMs in the recent past have emerged as a viable low cost alternative to PMTs providing higher granularity and MRI compatibility. The rich dataset generated by digital SiPM sensors have posed a challenge, especially at the system level when a multitude of such sensors are to be used. In this paper we present a sensor network based solution for data acquisition, scalable to multi-ring based pre-clinical, clinical and brain PET.

Veerappan, C.; Bruschini, Claudio; Charbon, Edoardo

2012-01-01

301

A sensor management architecture concept for monitoring emissions from open-air demil operations.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Sandia National Laboratories, CA proposed a sensor concept to detect emissions from open-burning/open-detonation (OB/OD) events. The system would serve two purposes: (1) Provide data to demilitarization operations about process efficiency, allowing process optimization for cleaner emissions and higher efficiency. (2) Provide data to regulators and neighboring communities about materials dispersing into the environment by OB/OD operations. The proposed sensor system uses instrument control hardware and data visualization software developed at Sandia National Laboratories to link together an array of sensors to monitor emissions from OB/OD events. The suite of sensors would consist of various physical and chemical detectors mounted on stationary or mobile platforms. The individual sensors would be wirelessly linked to one another and controlled through a central command center. Real-time data collection from the sensors, combined with integrated visualization of the data at the command center, would allow for feedback to the sensors to alter operational conditions to adjust for changing needs (i.e., moving plume position, increased spatial resolution, increased sensitivity). This report presents a systems study of the problem of implementing a sensor system for monitoring OB/OD emissions. The goal of this study was to gain a fuller understanding of the political, economic, and technical issues for developing and fielding this technology.

Johnson, Michael M.; Robinson, Jerry D.; Stoddard, Mary Clare; Horn, Brent A.; Lipkin, Joel; Foltz, Greg W.

2005-09-01

302

Design and implementation of PAVEMON: A GIS web-based pavement monitoring system based on large amounts of heterogeneous sensors data  

Science.gov (United States)

A web-based PAVEment MONitoring system, PAVEMON, is a GIS oriented platform for accommodating, representing, and leveraging data from a multi-modal mobile sensor system. Stated sensor system consists of acoustic, optical, electromagnetic, and GPS sensors and is capable of producing as much as 1 Terabyte of data per day. Multi-channel raw sensor data (microphone, accelerometer, tire pressure sensor, video) and processed results (road profile, crack density, international roughness index, micro texture depth, etc.) are outputs of this sensor system. By correlating the sensor measurements and positioning data collected in tight time synchronization, PAVEMON attaches a spatial component to all the datasets. These spatially indexed outputs are placed into an Oracle database which integrates seamlessly with PAVEMON's web-based system. The web-based system of PAVEMON consists of two major modules: 1) a GIS module for visualizing and spatial analysis of pavement condition information layers, and 2) a decision-support module for managing maintenance and repair (M?) activities and predicting future budget needs. PAVEMON weaves together sensor data with third-party climate and traffic information from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Long Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) databases for an organized data driven approach to conduct pavement management activities. PAVEMON deals with heterogeneous and redundant observations by fusing them for jointly-derived higher-confidence results. A prominent example of the fusion algorithms developed within PAVEMON is a data fusion algorithm used for estimating the overall pavement conditions in terms of ASTM's Pavement Condition Index (PCI). PAVEMON predicts PCI by undertaking a statistical fusion approach and selecting a subset of all the sensor measurements. Other fusion algorithms include noise-removal algorithms to remove false negatives in the sensor data in addition to fusion algorithms developed for identifying features on the road. PAVEMON offers an ideal research and monitoring platform for rapid, intelligent and comprehensive evaluation of tomorrow's transportation infrastructure based on up-to-date data from heterogeneous sensor systems.

Shahini Shamsabadi, Salar

303

System Architecture of HatterHealthConnect: An Integration of Body Sensor Networks and Social Networks to Improve Health Awareness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the last decade, the demand for efficient healthcare monitoring has increased and forced the healthand wellness industry to embrace modern technological advances. Body Sensor Networks, or BSNs, canremotely collect users data and upload vital statistics to servers over the Internet. Advances in wirelesstechnologies such as cellular devices and Bluetooth increase the mobility users experience while wearing abody sensor network. When connected by the proper framework, BSNs can efficiently monitor and recorddata while minimizing the energy expenditure of nodes in the BSN. Social networking sites play a large rolein the aggregation and sharing of data between many users. Connecting a BSN to a social network createsthe unique ability to share health related data with other users through social interaction. In this research,we present an integration of BSNs and social networks to establish a community promoting well being andgreat social awareness. We present the system architecture; both hardware and software, of a prototypeimplementation using Zephyr HxM heart monitor, Intel-Shimmer EMG senor and a Samsung Captivatesmart phone. We provide implementation details for the design on the base station, the database server andthe Facebook application. We illustrate how the Android application was designed with both functionalityand user perspective in mind that resulted in an easy to use system. This prototype can be used in multiplehealth related applications based on the type of sensors used.

Hala ElAarag

2013-04-01

304

Architecture of optical fiber sensor for the simultaneous measurement of axial and radial strains  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this paper is to investigate the ability to measure simultaneously the axial and radial strain with a single optical fiber sensor. The discussion begins with the analytical study of a cylinder subjected to pure tensile strain and thermal load. We emphasize the necessity of measuring the radial strain in order to determine the axial strain of an embedded sensor with accuracy. Then, we describe a few sensors able to measure axial and radial strains and study their efficiency. The conclusion is that the best structure is made of the juxtaposition of a short and a long period grating. (paper)

305

Using elements of game engine architecture to simulate sensor networks for eldercare.  

Science.gov (United States)

When dealing with a real time sensor network, building test data with a known ground truth is a tedious and cumbersome task. In order to quickly build test data for such a network, a simulation solution is a viable option. Simulation environments have a close relationship with computer game environments, and therefore there is much to be learned from game engine design. In this paper, we present our vision for a simulated in-home sensor network and describe ongoing work on using elements of game engines for building the simulator. Validation results are included to show agreement on motion sensor simulation with the physical environment. PMID:19964691

Godsey, Chad; Skubic, Marjorie

2009-01-01

306

Development of web based courseware and digital education platform architecture for nuclear reactor operation experiment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this research, two kinds of work were performed for the knowledge base structure of university education environment. The first work is to develop a web-based courseware of 'reactor experiment'. Eight chapter were designed - guide and introduction, system tour on nuclear power plant, reactor kinetics theory, application of reactor kinetics, criticality measurement experiment, reactivity measurement, load-following operation transient, reactor operation experiment. At this point, 5 chapters were completed and 3 chapters are under construction with expectation of near-term completion. A html courseware files were operated on PC LINUX and on-line login can be done on the site 'http://cylex.kyunghee.ac.kr'. Each chapter consist of lecture note, lecture slides, self-diagnostic quiz, pass/fail exam and cyber simulator. The second task of this project was to build a cyber lecture and experiment space(CyLEX) to operate a developed courseware on it. 30 seats classroom was completed in the engineering bldg at Kyung Hee University. A advanced space - CyLEX was equipped with computers, electronic board, beam projector, digital camera OHP, etc. Courseware was loaded on the server and opened to public on 24 hour base. Another function of classroom is a capability of lecturer to monitor and command of student computers. Development on system was focused on operation for on-site lecture with intra-net. However, remote on-line class for inter-net can be open to the public under the limitation of transmission speed via internet gateways. 40 figs., 1 tabs. (Author)

Kim, M. H.; Lee, W. K.; Kim, S. N.; Suh, D. Y. [Kyung Hee Univ., Seoul (Korea)

2001-01-01

307

Web Mining for Web Image Retrieval.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a prototype system for image retrieval from the Internet using Web mining. Discusses the architecture of the Web image retrieval prototype; document space modeling; user log mining; and image retrieval experiments to evaluate the proposed system. (AEF)

Chen, Zheng; Wenyin, Liu; Zhang, Feng; Li, Mingjing; Zhang, Hongjiang

2001-01-01

308

Marine Vehicle Sensor Network Architecture and Protocol Designs for Ocean Observation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The micro-scale and meso-scale ocean dynamic processes which are nonlinear and have large variability, have a significant impact on the fisheries, natural resources, and marine climatology. A rapid, refined and sophisticated observation system is therefore needed in marine scientific research. The maneuverability and controllability of mobile sensor platforms make them a preferred choice to establish ocean observing networks, compared to the static sensor observing platform. In this study, marine vehicles are utilized as the nodes of mobile sensor networks for coverage sampling of a regional ocean area and ocean feature tracking. A synoptic analysis about marine vehicle dynamic control, multi vehicles mission assignment and path planning methods, and ocean feature tracking and observing techniques is given. Combined with the observation plan in the South China Sea, we provide an overview of the mobile sensor networks established with marine vehicles, and the corresponding simulation results.

Yeqiang Shu

2012-01-01

309

A Kinematic Approach to Determining the Optimal Actuator Sensor Architecture for Space Robots  

OpenAIRE

Autonomous space robots will be required for such future missions as the construction of large space structures and repairing disabled satellites. These robots will need to be precisely controlled. However, factors such as manipulator joint/actuator friction and spacecraft attitude control thruster inaccuracies can substantially degrade control system performance. Sensor-based control algorithms can be used to mitigate the effects of actuator error, but sensors can add substantially to a spac...

Boning, Peggy; Dubowsky, Steven

2010-01-01

310

Sensor Search Techniques for Sensing as a Service Architecture for The Internet of Things  

OpenAIRE

The Internet of Things (IoT) is part of the Internet of the future and will comprise billions of intelligent communicating "things" or Internet Connected Objects (ICO) which will have sensing, actuating, and data processing capabilities. Each ICO will have one or more embedded sensors that will capture potentially enormous amounts of data. The sensors and related data streams can be clustered physically or virtually, which raises the challenge of searching and selecting the ...

Perera, Charith; Zaslavsky, Arkady; Liu, Chi Harold; Compton, Michael; Christen, Peter; Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios

2013-01-01

311

IN-SITU IONIC CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRESH WATER VIA A NOVEL COMBINED MULTI-SENSOR / SIGNAL PROCESSING ARCHITECTURE  

Science.gov (United States)

The capability for comprehensive, real-time, in-situ characterization of the chemical constituents of natural waters is a powerful tool for the advancement of the ecological and geochemical sciences, e.g. by facilitating rapid high-resolution adaptive sampling campaigns and avoiding the potential errors and high costs related to traditional grab sample collection, transportation and analysis. Portable field-ready instrumentation also promotes the goals of large-scale monitoring networks, such as CUASHI and WATERS, without the financial and human resources overhead required for traditional sampling at this scale. Problems of environmental remediation and monitoring of industrial waste waters would additionally benefit from such instrumental capacity. In-situ measurement of all major ions contributing to the charge makeup of natural fresh water is thus pursued via a combined multi-sensor/multivariate signal processing architecture. The instrument is based primarily on commercial electrochemical sensors, e.g. ion selective electrodes (ISEs) and ion selective field-effect transistors (ISFETs), to promote low cost as well as easy maintenance and reproduction,. The system employs a novel architecture of multivariate signal processing to extract accurate information from in-situ data streams via an "unmixing" process that accounts for sensor non-linearities at low concentrations, as well as sensor cross-reactivities. Conductivity, charge neutrality and temperature are applied as additional mathematical constraints on the chemical state of the system. Including such non-ionic information assists in obtaining accurate and useful calibrations even in the non-linear portion of the sensor response curves, and measurements can be made without the traditionally-required standard additions or ionic strength adjustment. Initial work demonstrates the effectiveness of this methodology at predicting inorganic cations (Na+, NH4+, H+, Ca2+, and K+) in a simplified system containing only a single anion (Cl-) in addition to hydroxide, thus allowing charge neutrality to be easily and explicitly invoked. Calibration of every probe relative to each of the five cations present is undertaken, and resulting curves are used to create a representative environmental data set based on USGS data for New England waters. Signal processing methodologies, specifically artificial neural networks (ANNs), are extended to use a feedback architecture based on conductivity measurements and charge neutrality calculations. The algorithms are then tuned to optimize performance of the algorithm at predicting actual concentrations from these simulated signals. Results are compared to use of component probes as stand-alone sensors. Future extension of this instrument for multiple anions (including carbonate and bicarbonate, nitrate, and sulfate) will ultimately provide rapid, accurate field measurements of the entire charge balance of natural waters at high resolution, improving sampling abilities while reducing costs and errors related to transport and analysis of grab samples.

Mueller, A. V.; Hemond, H.

2009-12-01

312

iRide: A Cooperative Sensor and IP Multimedia Subsystem Based Architecture and Application for ITS Road Safety  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present iRide (intelligent ride), an IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) application for warning drivers about hazardous situations on the road. iRide takes real-time information about road conditions and traffic situations from a wireless sensor network installed directly in the road surface. Upon logging to the iRide system, users start to receive periodic updates about the situation on the road along their route ahead. iRide is able to predict hazardous situations like slippery surface or dangerous distance to the nearest car and help drivers avoid accidents. We describe the service and the supporting network architecture of iRide. We discuss the major challenges associated with designing an IMS application for ITS, an intelligent transport system. Having a prototype implementation working on a small scale, we take it to the next step to perform system dimensioning and then verify the feasibility of having such a system using OPNET simulations.

Elkotob, Muslim; Osipov, Evgeny

313

Field-programmable gate array-based hardware architecture for high-speed camera with KAI-0340 CCD image sensor  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a field-programmable gate array (FPGA)-based hardware architecture for high-speed camera which have fast auto-exposure control and colour filter array (CFA) demosaicing. The proposed hardware architecture includes the design of charge coupled devices (CCD) drive circuits, image processing circuits, and power supply circuits. CCD drive circuits transfer the TTL (Transistor-Transistor-Logic) level timing Sequences which is produced by image processing circuits to the timing Sequences under which CCD image sensor can output analog image signals. Image processing circuits convert the analog signals to digital signals which is processing subsequently, and the TTL timing, auto-exposure control, CFA demosaicing, and gamma correction is accomplished in this module. Power supply circuits provide the power for the whole system, which is very important for image quality. Power noises effect image quality directly, and we reduce power noises by hardware way, which is very effective. In this system, the CCD is KAI-0340 which is can output 210 full resolution frame-per-second, and our camera can work outstandingly in this mode. The speed of traditional auto-exposure control algorithms to reach a proper exposure level is so slow that it is necessary to develop a fast auto-exposure control method. We present a new auto-exposure algorithm which is fit high-speed camera. Color demosaicing is critical for digital cameras, because it converts a Bayer sensor mosaic output to a full color image, which determines the output image quality of the camera. Complexity algorithm can acquire high quality but cannot implement in hardware. An low-complexity demosaicing method is presented which can implement in hardware and satisfy the demand of quality. The experiment results are given in this paper in last.

Wang, Hao; Yan, Su; Zhou, Zuofeng; Cao, Jianzhong; Yan, Aqi; Tang, Linao; Lei, Yangjie

2013-08-01

314

Performance of 3-D architecture silicon sensors after intense proton irradiation  

CERN Document Server

Silicon detectors with a three-dimensional architecture, in which the n- and p-electrodes penetrate through the entire substrate, have been successfully fabricated. The electrodes can be separated from each other by distances that are less than the substrate thickness, allowing short collection paths, low depletion voltages, and large current signals from rapid charge collection. While no special hardening steps were taken in this initial fabrication run, these features of three dimensional architectures produce an intrinsic resistance to the effects of radiation damage. Some performance measurements are given for detectors that are fully depleted and working after exposures to proton beams with doses equivalent to that from slightly more than ten years at the B-layer radius (50 mm) in the planned Atlas detector at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. (41 refs).

Parker, S I

2001-01-01

315

Evolving Wireless Sensor Network Behavior Through Adaptability Points in Middleware Architectures  

OpenAIRE

Reflection has been proven to be a powerful mechanism to address software adaptation in middleware architectures; however this concept requires that the middleware be open and that modification of all of its functionality and behavior be possible. This leads to systems which are difficult to understand and may quickly overwhelm developers. Safer and more understandable approaches use modeling and put forth a partial implementation of reflective principles while limiting the possible scope of ...

Sam Michiels; Daniel Hughes; Pedro Javier del Cid; Wouter Joosen

2011-01-01

316

An architecture for measuring joint angles using a long period fiber grating-based sensor.  

Science.gov (United States)

The implementation of signal filters in a real-time form requires a tradeoff between computation resources and the system performance. Therefore, taking advantage of low lag response and the reduced consumption of resources, in this article, the Recursive Least Square (RLS) algorithm is used to filter a signal acquired from a fiber-optics-based sensor. In particular, a Long-Period Fiber Grating (LPFG) sensor is used to measure the bending movement of a finger. After that, the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) technique allows us to classify the corresponding finger position along the motion range. For these measures to help in the development of an autonomous robotic hand, the proposed technique can be straightforwardly implemented on real time platforms such as Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) or Digital Signal Processors (DSP). Different angle measurements of the finger's motion are carried out by the prototype and a detailed analysis of the system performance is presented. PMID:25536002

Perez-Ramirez, Carlos A; Almanza-Ojeda, Dora L; Guerrero-Tavares, Jesus N; Mendoza-Galindo, Francisco J; Estudillo-Ayala, Julian M; Ibarra-Manzano, Mario A

2014-01-01

317

An Architecture for Measuring Joint Angles Using a Long Period Fiber Grating-Based Sensor  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The implementation of signal filters in a real-time form requires a tradeoff between computation resources and the system performance. Therefore, taking advantage of low lag response and the reduced consumption of resources, in this article, the Recursive Least Square (RLS algorithm is used to filter a signal acquired from a fiber-optics-based sensor. In particular, a Long-Period Fiber Grating (LPFG sensor is used to measure the bending movement of a finger. After that, the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM technique allows us to classify the corresponding finger position along the motion range. For these measures to help in the development of an autonomous robotic hand, the proposed technique can be straightforwardly implemented on real time platforms such as Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA or Digital Signal Processors (DSP. Different angle measurements of the finger’s motion are carried out by the prototype and a detailed analysis of the system performance is presented.

Carlos A. Perez-Ramirez

2014-12-01

318

Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless BioMedical Sensor Networks  

CERN Document Server

Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity. Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is bei...

Mukesh, Rajeswari; Bharathi, V Subbiah

2009-01-01

319

Architecture Supporting Discovery and Management of Heterogeneous Sensors for Smart System Using Generic Middleware  

OpenAIRE

This Smart environments, starting from smart home to more complex one like smart city, demand efficientinteroperation mechanism among different heterogeneous sensors including the discovery and themanagement of these devices. The diverse domains of applications also require interoperation amongthemselves. The middleware plays a key role to achieve this interoperation. The middleware is alsoresponsible for providing abstractions to the application interfaces and device sensing. In the currenta...

Soma Bandyopadhyay; Abhijan Bhattacharyya

2012-01-01

320

Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless BioMedical Sensor Networks  

OpenAIRE

Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing ...

Rajeswari Mukesh; Damodaram, Dr A.; Subbiah Bharathi, Dr V.

2009-01-01

321

A QoS-Driven Self-Adaptive Architecture For Wireless Sensor Networks  

OpenAIRE

Recently, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have become increasingly used to perform distributed sensing and convey useful information. These kinds of environments are complex, heterogeneous and often affected by unpredictable behavior and poor management. This fostered considerable research on designs and techniques that enhance these systems with an adaptation behavior. In this paper, we focus on the self-adaptation branch of the research and give an overview of the current existing approaches...

Jemal, Ahmed; Ben Halima, Riadh

2013-01-01

322

Wake up Radio Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks Using an Ultra Low Power FPGA  

OpenAIRE

In this paper an implementation of a Wake up Radio(WuR) with addressing capabilities based on an ultra low power FPGA for ultra low energy Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is proposed. The main goal is to evaluate the utilization of very low power configurable devices to take advantage of their speed, flexibility and low power consumption instead of the traditional approaches based on ASICs or microcontrollers, for communication frame decoding and communication data control.

Rosello? Go?mez-lobo, Vi?ctor Julia?n; Portilla Berrueco, Jorge; Riesgo Alcaide, Teresa

2011-01-01

323

Composite Design Pattern for Feature Oriented Service Injection and Composition of Web Services for Distributed Computing Systems with Service Oriented Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the advent of newly introduced programming models like Feature-Oriented Programming (FOP, we feel that it will be more flexible to include the new service invocation function into the service providing server as a Feature Module for the self-adaptive distributed systems. A composite design patterns shows a synergy that makes the composition more than just the sum of its parts which leads to ready-made software architectures. In this paper we describe the amalgamation of Visitor and Case-Based Reasoning Design Patterns to the development of the Service Invocation and Web Services Composition through SOA with the help of JWS technologies and FOP. As far as we know, there are no studies on composition of design patterns for self adaptive distributed computing domain. We have provided with the sample code developed for the application and simple UML class diagram is used to describe the architecture.

Vishnuvardhan Mannava

2012-08-01

324

A DVP-Based Bridge Architecture to Randomly Access Pixels of High-Speed Image Sensors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A design of a novel bridge is proposed to interface digital-video-port (DVP compatible image sensors with popular microcontrollers. Most commercially available CMOS image sensors send image data at high speed and in a row-by-row fashion. On the other hand, commercial microcontrollers run at relatively slower speed, and many embedded system applications need random access of pixel values. Moreover, commercial microcontrollers may not have sufficient internal memory to store a complete image of high resolution. The proposed bridge addresses these problems and provides an easy-to-use and compact way to interface image sensors with microcontrollers. The proposed design is verified in FPGA and later implemented using CMOS 0.18?um Artisan library cells. The design costs 4,735 gates and 0.12?mm2 silicon area. The synthesis results show that the bridge can support a data rate up to 254?megasamples/sec. Its applications may include pattern recognition, robotic vision, tracking system, and medical imaging.

Khan TareqHasan

2011-01-01

325

Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless Bio-Medical Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN, a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity.Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is being transmitted from the sensor node to the sink device. This is achieved by authenticating the data using patients biometric , encrypting the data using Quasi Group cryptography after compressing the image data using an energy efficient number theory based technique.

Rajeswari Mukesh

2009-10-01

326

Self powered sensing by combining novel sensor architectures with energy harvesting  

Science.gov (United States)

The sensing techniques investigated in this thesis utilize piezoelectric materials, piezoresistive materials, and magnetoelectric composites. Prior studies on structural health monitoring have demonstrated the use and promise of piezoelectric sensors. In this research, impedance spectroscopy based sensing technique was investigated with respect to two parameters (i) effect of the piezoelectric vibration mode on damage index metric, and (ii) selection of frequency band through manipulation of the electrode size and shape. These results were then used to determine sensor geometry and dimensions for detecting surface defects, fatigue and corrosion. Based upon these results, power requirement for structural health monitoring sensors was determined. Next, piezoelectric materials were coupled with magnetostrictive material for novel magnetic field gradient sensing. The ceramic -- ceramic (CC) gradiometer resembles in functionality a magnetoelectric transformer. It measures the magnetic field gradient and sensitivity with respect to a reference value. The CC gradiometer designed in this study was based upon the magnetoelectric (ME) composites and utilizes the ring-dot piezoelectric transformer structure working near resonance as the basis. This study investigated the gradiometer design and characterized the performance of gradiometer based upon Terfenol--D -- PZT composites. Based upon these results, next a metal -- ceramic gradiometer consisting of PZT and nickel was designed and characterized. In this thesis, two different designs of gradiometer with nickel and PZT laminate composites were fabricated. Nickel was chosen over other materials considering its co-firing ability with PZT. It can give a better control over dimensional parameters of the gradiometer sample and further size reduction is possible with tape casting technique. Detailed theoretical analysis was conducted in order to understand the experimental results. In order to significantly reduce the power consumption of health monitoring and magnetic field sensors, bottom -- up design of structural health monitoring and magnetic field sensors was investigated. A MWCNT/SiCN nanotube template was developed that exhibits piezoresistive effect. Next, a novel nanotube morphology "nanoNecklace" was synthesized that consists of BaTiO 3 (BTO) nanoparticles decorated along the surface of SiCN. Monolayer coating of SiCN on MWCNT serves two purposes: (i) modifies the surface wetting characteristics, and (ii) enhances the piezoresistive effect. Investigation of the mechanisms that provide periodic arrangement of BTO on nanotube surface was conducted using HRTEM and contact angle measurements. Next, we tried to modify the surface wetting characteristics of MWCNTs in order to get a full coating of BTO nanoparticles. The SiCN/MWCNT approach was further extended to fabricate magnetoelectric nanowire based sensors designs. In this approach a SiCN-NT template was coated with BTO and CoFe2O4 (CFO) nanoparticles. Microstructural studies indicated the presence of piezoelectric (BTO) as well as magnetic (CFO) material on the nanotube surface. In order to power the sensors from mechanical vibrations, we investigated two different techniques, (i) piezoelectric and (ii) inductive. An analytical model for energy harvesting from bimorph transducer was developed which was confirmed by experimental measurements. The results show that power density of bimorph transducer can be enhanced by increasing the magnitude of product (d.g), where d is the piezoelectric strain constant and g is the piezoelectric voltage constant. Under inductive energy harvesting, we designed and fabricated a small scale harvester that was integrated inside a pen commonly carried by humans to harvest vibration energy. Inductive energy harvesting was selected in order to achieve high power at lower frequencies. The prototype cylindrical harvester was found to generate 3mW at 5 Hz and 1mW at 3.5 Hz operating under displacement amplitude of 16mm (corresponding to an acceleration of approximately 1.14 grms at 5Hz and

Bedekar, Vishwas Narayan

327

Architecture of poly(o-phenylenediamine)–Ag nanoparticle composites for a hydrogen peroxide sensor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Graphical abstract: Schematic representation of the formation process of AgNPs/PoPD/GCE via a two-step procedure consisting of electropolymerization of o-PD and electrodeposition of AgNPs and their application in H2O2 detection. Highlights: ? o-Phenylenediamine (o-PD) was electropolymerized on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). ? The conductive PoPD film was three-dimensional (3D) porous structure. ? Ag NPs formed by electrodepositing and uniformly dispersed on the 3D PoPD film. ? AgNPs/PoPD/GCE displayed good electrocatalytic activity to the reduction of H2O2. - Abstract: A novel strategy to fabricate a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) sensor was developed by electrodepositing Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) on a poly(o-phenylenediamine) (PoPD) film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Firstly, the o-phenylenediamine was polymerized on a GCE by potential cycling to produce PoPD film. Then the AgNPs were electrodeposited on the PoPD film to form AgNPs/PoPD/GCE. The morphology of the electropolymerized PoPD film and the electrodeposited AgNPs were characterized by atomic force microscopy. The results showed the PoPD film was porous and the AgNPs dispersed uniformly on the PoPD film. Cylic voltammetry and amperometry were used to evaluate electrocatalytic properties of the AgNPs/PoPD/GCE. The electrode displayed good electrocatalytic activity in the reduction of H2O2 and could be used as asub>2 and could be used as a sensor for H2O2 detection. The sensor exhibited fast amperometric response to H2O2 with high selectivity, good reproducibility and stability. The linear range was 6.0 ?M to 67.3 mM with a detection limit of 1.5 ?M. Thus, it is considered to be an ideal candidate for practical application.

328

A Development Architecture for Serious Games Using BCI (Brain Computer Interface Sensors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Games that use brainwaves via brain–computer interface (BCI devices, to improve brain functions are known as BCI serious games. Due to the difficulty of developing BCI serious games, various BCI engines and authoring tools are required, and these reduce the development time and cost. However, it is desirable to reduce the amount of technical knowledge of brain functions and BCI devices needed by game developers. Moreover, a systematic BCI serious game development process is required. In this paper, we present a methodology for the development of BCI serious games. We describe an architecture, authoring tools, and development process of the proposed methodology, and apply it to a game development approach for patients with mild cognitive impairment as an example. This application demonstrates that BCI serious games can be developed on the basis of expert-verified theories.

Kyhyun Um

2012-11-01

329

Applications and methods utilizing the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP for bioinformatics resource discovery and disparate data and service integration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Scientific data integration and computational service discovery are challenges for the bioinformatic community. This process is made more difficult by the separate and independent construction of biological databases, which makes the exchange of data between information resources difficult and labor intensive. A recently described semantic web protocol, the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP; pronounced "swap" offers the ability to describe data and services in a semantically meaningful way. We report how three major information resources (Gramene, SoyBase and the Legume Information System [LIS] used SSWAP to semantically describe selected data and web services. Methods We selected high-priority Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL, genomic mapping, trait, phenotypic, and sequence data and associated services such as BLAST for publication, data retrieval, and service invocation via semantic web services. Data and services were mapped to concepts and categories as implemented in legacy and de novo community ontologies. We used SSWAP to express these offerings in OWL Web Ontology Language (OWL, Resource Description Framework (RDF and eXtensible Markup Language (XML documents, which are appropriate for their semantic discovery and retrieval. We implemented SSWAP services to respond to web queries and return data. These services are registered with the SSWAP Discovery Server and are available for semantic discovery at http://sswap.info. Results A total of ten services delivering QTL information from Gramene were created. From SoyBase, we created six services delivering information about soybean QTLs, and seven services delivering genetic locus information. For LIS we constructed three services, two of which allow the retrieval of DNA and RNA FASTA sequences with the third service providing nucleic acid sequence comparison capability (BLAST. Conclusions The need for semantic integration technologies has preceded available solutions. We report the feasibility of mapping high priority data from local, independent, idiosyncratic data schemas to common shared concepts as implemented in web-accessible ontologies. These mappings are then amenable for use in semantic web services. Our implementation of approximately two dozen services means that biological data at three large information resources (Gramene, SoyBase, and LIS is available for programmatic access, semantic searching, and enhanced interaction between the separate missions of these resources.

Nelson Rex T

2010-06-01

330

Sensors  

CERN Document Server

This is the 5th edition of the Metra Martech Directory "EUROPEAN CENTRES OF EXPERTISE - SENSORS." The entries represent a survey of European sensors development. The new edition contains 425 detailed profiles of companies and research institutions in 22 countries. This is reflected in the diversity of sensors development programmes described, from sensors for physical parameters to biosensors and intelligent sensor systems. We do not claim that all European organisations developing sensors are included, but this is a good cross section from an invited list of participants. If you see gaps or omissions, or would like your organisation to be included, please send details. The data base invites the formation of effective joint ventures by identifying and providing access to specific areas in which organisations offer collaboration. This issue is recognised to be of great importance and most entrants include details of collaboration offered and sought. We hope the directory on Sensors will help you to find the ri...

Pigorsch, Enrico

1997-01-01

331

Sensors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new type of ceramic oxygen sensors based on semiconducting oxides was developed in this project. The advantage of these sensors compared to standard ZrO{sub 2} sensors is that they do not require a reference gas and that they can be produced in small sizes. The sensor design and the techniques developed for production of these sensors are judged suitable by the participating industry for a niche production of a new generation of oxygen sensors. Materials research on new oxygen ion conducting conductors both for applications in oxygen sensors and in fuel was also performed in this project and finally a new process was developed for fabrication of ceramic tubes by dip-coating. (EHS)

Jensen, H. [PBI-Dansensor A/S (Denmark); Toft Soerensen, O. [Risoe National Lab., Materials Research Dept. (Denmark)

1999-10-01

332

Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and sensor web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract 'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011, OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE are now full-fledged, crowdsourced 'Wikipedias of the Earth' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and 'human-in-the-loop sensing' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust, the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS, as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world.

Kamel Boulos Maged N

2011-12-01

333

A Low Cost, Online, Computer Controlled Robot Architecture Using a CCTV Network as Sensors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An important deterrent in deployment of robots in factories across the globe is the cost involved. A rather large part of that cost is the sensors which are also very unreliable and least robust. This paper proposes a cheaper, simpler and more dynamic robot prototype by using the factory’s existing CCTV cameras as the primary sensing equipment. Image Processing and total control of the robot(s is handled by a computer. Using a server-client model, the robot(s can also be controlled online. The software for the prototype was developed in MATLAB. This system is easily reprogrammable and deployable in a vast range of situations.

Abhinav Gupta

2007-10-01

334

An Agent Based Architecture (Using Planning) for Dynamic and Semantic Web Services Composition in an EBXML Context  

CERN Document Server

The process-based semantic composition of Web Services is gaining a considerable momentum as an approach for the effective integration of distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous applications. To compose Web Services semantically, we need an ontology. There are several ways of inserting semantics in Web Services. One of them consists of using description languages like OWL-S. In this paper, we introduce our work which consists in the proposition of a new model and the use of semantic matching technology for semantic and dynamic composition of ebXML business processes.

Ouassila, Hioual; 10.5121/ijdms

2011-01-01

335

?Re- Using an Existing Wheel? Developing Data Architecture for Cooperating Autonomous and Semi-Autonomous, Agent-Based Web Services  

OpenAIRE

This short position paper considers issues in developing Data Architecture for the Internet of Things (IoT) through the medium of an exemplar project, Domain Expertise Capture in Authoring and Development -Environments (DECADE). A brief discussion sets the background for IoT, and the development of the -distinction between things and computers. The paper makes a strong argument to avoid reinvention of the wheel, and to reuse approaches to distributed heterogeneous data architectures and the l...

MacKinnon Lachlan; Bacon Liz

2009-01-01

336

Key Design Elements of a Data Utility for National Biosurveillance: Event-driven Architecture, Caching, and Web Service Model  

OpenAIRE

The National Retail Data Monitor (NRDM) has monitored over-the-counter (OTC) medication sales in the United States since December 2002. The NRDM collects data from over 18,600 retail stores and processes over 0.6 million sales records per day. This paper describes key architectural features that we have found necessary for a data utility component in a national biosurveillance system. These elements include event-driven architecture to provide analyses of data in near real t...

Tsui, Fu-chiang; Espino, Jeremy U.; Weng, Yan; Choudary, Arvinder; Su, Hoah-der; Wagner, Michael M.

2005-01-01

337

Understanding the Hidden Web  

OpenAIRE

The hidden Web (also known as deep or invisible Web), that is, the part of the Web not directly accessible through hyperlinks, but through HTML forms or Web services, is of great value, but difficult to exploit. We discuss a process for the fully automatic discovery, syntactic and semantic analysis, and querying of hidden-Web services. We propose first a general architecture that relies on a semi-structured warehouse of imprecise (probabilistic) content. We provide a detailed complexity analy...

Senellart, Pierre

2007-01-01

338

Development of a real-time clinical decision support system upon the web mvc-based architecture for prostate cancer treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A real-time clinical decision support system (RTCDSS with interactive diagrams enables clinicians to instantly and efficiently track patients' clinical records (PCRs and improve their quality of clinical care. We propose a RTCDSS to process online clinical informatics from multiple databases for clinical decision making in the treatment of prostate cancer based on Web Model-View-Controller (MVC architecture, by which the system can easily be adapted to different diseases and applications. Methods We designed a framework upon the Web MVC-based architecture in which the reusable and extractable models can be conveniently adapted to other hospital information systems and which allows for efficient database integration. Then, we determined the clinical variables of the prostate cancer treatment based on participating clinicians' opinions and developed a computational model to determine the pretreatment parameters. Furthermore, the components of the RTCDSS integrated PCRs and decision factors for real-time analysis to provide evidence-based diagrams upon the clinician-oriented interface for visualization of treatment guidance and health risk assessment. Results The resulting system can improve quality of clinical treatment by allowing clinicians to concurrently analyze and evaluate the clinical markers of prostate cancer patients with instantaneous clinical data and evidence-based diagrams which can automatically identify pretreatment parameters. Moreover, the proposed RTCDSS can aid interactions between patients and clinicians. Conclusions Our proposed framework supports online clinical informatics, evaluates treatment risks, offers interactive guidance, and provides real-time reference for decision making in the treatment of prostate cancer. The developed clinician-oriented interface can assist clinicians in conveniently presenting evidence-based information to patients and can be readily adapted to an existing hospital information system and be easily applied in other chronic diseases.

Liang Wen-Miin

2011-03-01

339

Making secure Semantic Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available this paper first describes ways of semantic web security implementation through layers. These layers are presented as a backbone for semantic web architecture and are represented in XML security, RDF security and in an idea of semantic web security standardization.

Adis Medi?

2010-11-01

340

An Energy-Efficient and High-Quality Video Transmission Architecture in Wireless Video-Based Sensor Networks  

OpenAIRE

Technological progress in the fields of Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and wireless communications and also the availability of CMOS cameras, microphones and small-scale array sensors, which may ubiquitously capture multimedia content from the field, have fostered the development of low-cost limited resources Wireless Video-based Sensor Networks (WVSN). With regards to the constraints of video-based sensor nodes and wireless sensor networks, a supporting video stream is not easy to i...

Yasaman Samei; Mohsen Ebrahimi Moghadam; Maghsoud Abbaspour; Aghdasi, Hadi S.

2008-01-01

341

Ultra Compact and Low-power TDC and TAC Architectures for Highly-Parallel Implementation in Time-Resolved Image Sensors  

OpenAIRE

We report on the design and characterization of three different architectures, namely two Time-to- Digital Converters (TDCs) and a Time-to-Amplitude Converter (TAC) with embedded analog-to-digital conversion, implemented in a 130-nm CMOS imaging technology. The proposed circuit solutions are conceived for implementation at pixel-level, in image sensors exploiting Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes as photodetectors. The fabricated 32x32 TDCs/TACs arrays have a pitch of 50?m in both directions wh...

Stoppa, D.; Borghetti, F.; Richardson, J.; Walker, R.; Henderson, R. K.; Gersbach, M.; Charbon, E.

2011-01-01

342

Digital Earth Watch (DEW): How Mobile Apps Are Paving The Way Towards A Federated Web-Services Architecture For Citizen Science  

Science.gov (United States)

Dozens of web-based initiatives allow citizens to provide information to programs that monitor the health of our environment. A concerned citizen can participate on-line as a weather "spotter", provide important phenological information to national databases, update bird counts in the area, or record the freezing of ponds, and much more. Many of these programs are developing mobile apps as companion tools to their web sites. Our group was involved in the development of one such companion app as an adjunct to the Picture Post project web site. Digital Earth Watch (DEW) and the Picture Post network support environmental monitoring through repeat digital photography and satellite imagery. A Picture Post is an eight-sided platform on a stand-alone post for taking a panoramic series of photographs. By taking pictures on a regular basis at Picture Post sites and by sharing these pictures on the program's web site (housed at the University of New Hampshire), citizen scientists are creating a photographic library of change-over-time in their local area and contributing to national monitoring programs. Our DEW Android application simplifies participation by allowing users to upload pictures instantly from their smart phone. The app also removes the constraint of the physical picture post, by allowing users to create a virtual post anywhere in the world. Posts have been set up to monitor trails, forests, water, wetlands, gardens and landscapes. The app uses the phone's GPS to position the virtual post in its geographic location and guides the user through the orientations thanks to the internal accelerometers and compass. To aid in the before-and-after comparison of images taken from the same orientation, the DEW app displays an "onionskin" of the prior image overlayed onto the camera viewfinder. With the transparent onionskin as a guide, the user can align the images more accurately, thus allowing differences between pictures to be detectable and measurable. The app interacts with the UNH server via APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) that were created to allow bi-directional machine-to-machine interaction between the mobile device and the web site. Thus, the principal functions that a user can perform on the web site, such as finding post sites on a map and viewing and adding picture sets, are available on the smartphone. The development of the APIs makes it now possible not only to communicate with our own mobile app, but, more importantly, it opens the door for other computer systems to directly interact with our server. Our ongoing discussions with the National Phenology Network and Project Budburst, have highlighted the potential (and perhaps the need) for the creation of a distributed web-service architecture whereby each national program exposes its key functionalities not only to their own mobile phone apps, but also to other organizations, in a federated system of servers, all supporting citizen-based digital earth watch programs.

Carrera, F.; Schloss, A. L.; Guerin, S.; Beaudry, J.; Pickle, J.

2011-12-01

343

Towards Internet of Things (IOTS):Integration of Wireless Sensor Network to Cloud Services for Data Collection and Sharing  

OpenAIRE

Cloud computing provides great benefits for applications hosted on the Web that also have special computational and storage requirements. This paper proposes an extensible and flexible architecture for integrating Wireless Sensor Networks with the Cloud. We have used REST based Web services as an interoperable application layer that can be directly integrated into other application domains for remote monitoring such as e-health care services, smart homes, or even vehicular a...

Piyare, Rajeev; Lee, Seong Ro

2013-01-01

344

Information architecture for digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

This paper surveys information architecture in the context of digital libraries. Key concepts are defined as well as common attributes of information architectures in general. Communications standards — including hybrid TCP/IP-OSI, CORBA, and Web services — are explored, as well as the history of information architecture and related models. A number of digital library projects are analyzed with a focus on their distinct architectures. The key role of information architecture in the design...

Simon, Scott James University Of South Florida

2008-01-01

345

Hierarchical thin film architectures for enhanced sensor performance: liquid crystal-mediated electrochemical synthesis of nanostructured imprinted polymer films for the selective recognition of bupivacaine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nanostructured bupivacaine-selective molecularly imprinted 3-aminophenylboronic acid-p-phenylenediamine co-polymer (MIP) films have been prepared on gold-coated quartz (Au/quartz) resonators by electrochemical synthesis under cyclic voltammetric conditions in a liquid crystalline (LC) medium (triton X-100/water). Films prepared in water and in the absence of template were used for control studies. Infrared spectroscopic studies demonstrated comparable chemical compositions for LC and control polymer films. SEM studies revealed that the topologies of the molecularly imprinted polymer films prepared in the LC medium (LC-MIP) exhibit discernible 40 nm thick nano-fiber structures, quite unlike the polymers prepared in the absence of the LC-phase. The sensitivity of the LC-MIP in a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor platform was 67.6 ± 4.9 Hz/mM under flow injection analysis (FIA) conditions, which was ?250% higher than for the sensor prepared using the aqueous medium. Detection was possible at 100 nM (30 ng/mL), and discrimination of bupivacaine from closely related structural analogs was readily achieved as reflected in the corresponding stability constants of the MIP-analyte complexes. The facile fabrication and significant enhancement in sensor sensitivity together highlight the potential of this LC-based imprinting strategy for fabrication of polymeric materials with hierarchical architectures, in particular for use in surface-dependent application areas, e.g., biomaterials or sensing. PMID:25587412

Suriyanarayanan, Subramanian; Nawaz, Hazrat; Ndizeye, Natacha; Nicholls, Ian A

2014-06-01

346

Hierarchical Thin Film Architectures for Enhanced Sensor Performance: Liquid Crystal-Mediated Electrochemical Synthesis of Nanostructured Imprinted Polymer Films for the Selective Recognition of Bupivacaine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nanostructured bupivacaine-selective molecularly imprinted 3-aminophenylboronic acid-p-phenylenediamine co-polymer (MIP films have been prepared on gold-coated quartz (Au/quartz resonators by electrochemical synthesis under cyclic voltammetric conditions in a liquid crystalline (LC medium (triton X-100/water. Films prepared in water and in the absence of template were used for control studies. Infrared spectroscopic studies demonstrated comparable chemical compositions for LC and control polymer films. SEM studies revealed that the topologies of the molecularly imprinted polymer films prepared in the LC medium (LC-MIP exhibit discernible 40 nm thick nano-fiber structures, quite unlike the polymers prepared in the absence of the LC-phase. The sensitivity of the LC-MIP in a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM sensor platform was 67.6 ± 4.9 Hz/mM under flow injection analysis (FIA conditions, which was ?250% higher than for the sensor prepared using the aqueous medium. Detection was possible at 100 nM (30 ng/mL, and discrimination of bupivacaine from closely related structural analogs was readily achieved as reflected in the corresponding stability constants of the MIP-analyte complexes. The facile fabrication and significant enhancement in sensor sensitivity together highlight the potential of this LC-based imprinting strategy for fabrication of polymeric materials with hierarchical architectures, in particular for use in surface-dependent application areas, e.g., biomaterials or sensing.

Subramanian Suriyanarayanan

2014-04-01

347

Networking Sensor Observations, Forecast Models & Data Analysis Tools  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation explores the interaction between sensor webs and forecast models and data analysis processes within service oriented architectures (SOA). Earth observation data from surface monitors and satellite sensors and output from earth science models are increasingly available through open interfaces that adhere to web standards, such as the OGC Web Coverage Service (WCS), OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS), OGC Web Processing Service (WPS), SOAP-Web Services Description Language (WSDL), or RESTful web services. We examine the implementation of these standards from the perspective of forecast models and analysis tools. Interoperable interfaces for model inputs, outputs, and settings are defined with the purpose of connecting them with data access services in service oriented frameworks. We review current best practices in modular modeling, such as OpenMI and ESMF/Mapl, and examine the applicability of those practices to service oriented sensor webs. In particular, we apply sensor-model-analysis interfaces within the context of wildfire smoke analysis and forecasting scenario used in the recent GEOSS Architecture Implementation Pilot. Fire locations derived from satellites and surface observations and reconciled through a US Forest Service SOAP web service are used to initialize a CALPUFF smoke forecast model. The results of the smoke forecast model are served through an OGC WCS interface that is accessed from an analysis tool that extract areas of high particulate matter concentrations and a data comparison tool that compares the forecasted smoke with Unattended Aerial System (UAS) collected imagery and satellite-derived aerosol indices. An OGC WPS that calculates population statistics based on polygon areas is used with the extract area of high particulate matter to derive information on the population expected to be impacted by smoke from the wildfires. We described the process for enabling the fire location, smoke forecast, smoke observation, and population statistics services to be registered with the GEOSS registry and made findable through the GEOSS Clearinghouse. The fusion of data sources and different web service interfaces illustrate the agility in using standard interfaces and help define the type of input and output interfaces needed to connect models and analysis tools within sensor webs.

Falke, S. R.; Roberts, G.; Sullivan, D.; Dibner, P. C.; Husar, R. B.

2009-12-01

348

Personalised wearable cardiac sensor services for pervasive self-care  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the thesis is to design a web services architecture that shall support the automatic determination of a personalised sensor-system, which is embedded in smart garments, and which shall be used in self-care in order to allow a profane user to record himself a personal electrocardiogram (ECG), at anytime and anywhere. The main challenge consists in the intelligent and dynamic orchestration of context-aware business services that supply the user with an optimal personalised solution, ...

Krupaviciute, Asta

2011-01-01

349

Evolution of System Architectures: Where Do We Need to Fail Next?  

Science.gov (United States)

Innovation requires testing and failing. Thomas Edison was right when he said "I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work". For innovation and improvement of standards to happen, service Architectures have to be tested and tested. Within the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), testing of service architectures has occurred for the last 15 years. This talk will present an evolution of these service architectures and a possible future path. OGC is a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and for the advancement and development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The OGC Interoperability Program is a series of hands-on, fast paced, engineering initiatives to accelerate the development and acceptance of OGC standards. Each initiative is organized in threads that provide focus under a particular theme. The first testbed, OGC Web Services phase 1, completed in 2003 had four threads: Common Architecture, Web Mapping, Sensor Web and Web Imagery Enablement. The Common Architecture was a cross-thread theme, to ensure that the Web Mapping and Sensor Web experiments built on a base common architecture. The architecture was based on the three main SOA components: Broker, Requestor and Provider. It proposed a general service model defining service interactions and dependencies; categorization of service types; registries to allow discovery and access of services; data models and encodings; and common services (WMS, WFS, WCS). For the latter, there was a clear distinction on the different services: Data Services (e.g. WMS), Application services (e.g. Coordinate transformation) and server-side client applications (e.g. image exploitation). The latest testbed, OGC Web Service phase 9, completed in 2012 had 5 threads: Aviation, Cross-Community Interoperability (CCI), Security and Services Interoperability (SSI), OWS Innovations and Compliance & Interoperability Testing & Evaluation (CITE). Compared to the first testbed, OWS-9 did not have a separate common architecture thread. Instead the emphasis was on brokering information models, securing them and making data available efficiently on mobile devices. The outcome is an architecture based on usability and non-intrusiveness while leveraging mediation of information models from different communities. This talk will use lessons learned from the evolution from OGC Testbed phase 1 to phase 9 to better understand how global and complex infrastructures evolve to support many communities including the Earth System Science Community.

Bermudez, Luis; Alameh, Nadine; Percivall, George

2013-04-01

350

An integration platform for heterogeneous sensor systems in GITEWS – Tsunami Service Bus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS is built upon a complex sensor data infrastructure. To best fulfill the demand for a long living system, the underlying software and hardware architecture of GITEWS must be prepared for future modifications both of single sensors and entire sensors systems.

The foundation for a flexible integration and for stable interfaces is a result of following the paradigm of a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA. The Tsunami Service Bus (TSB – our integration platform in GITEWS – realizes this SOA approach by implementing the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE standards and services.

This paper focuses on architectural and implementation aspects of the TSB. Initially, the general architectural approach in GITEWS by SOA and SWE is presented. Based on this conception, the concrete system architecture of GITEWS is introduced. The sensor integration platform TSB is then discussed in detail, following by its primary responsibilities and components. Special emphasis is laid on architectural transparency, comprehensible design decisions, and references to the applied technology.

J. Fleischer

2010-06-01

351

An integration platform for heterogeneous sensor systems in GITEWS - Tsunami Service Bus  

Science.gov (United States)

The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) is built upon a complex sensor data infrastructure. To best fulfill the demand for a long living system, the underlying software and hardware architecture of GITEWS must be prepared for future modifications both of single sensors and entire sensors systems. The foundation for a flexible integration and for stable interfaces is a result of following the paradigm of a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). The Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) - our integration platform in GITEWS - realizes this SOA approach by implementing the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards and services. This paper focuses on architectural and implementation aspects of the TSB. Initially, the general architectural approach in GITEWS by SOA and SWE is presented. Based on this conception, the concrete system architecture of GITEWS is introduced. The sensor integration platform TSB is then discussed in detail, following by its primary responsibilities and components. Special emphasis is laid on architectural transparency, comprehensible design decisions, and references to the applied technology.

Fleischer, J.; Häner, R.; Herrnkind, S.; Kloth, A.; Kriegel, U.; Schwarting, H.; Wächter, J.

2010-06-01

352

Tantalum oxide honeycomb architectures for the development of a non-enzymatic glucose sensor with wide detection range.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tantalum oxide honeycomb nanostructures (THNS) were fabricated by electrochemical anodisation of tantalum in H2SO4-HF medium. XRD analysis showed that annealing of THNS at 400 °C improves the crystallinity. HRSEM and AFM results illustrated that nanopores with an average diameter of 30 nm were uniformly distributed and the pore size reduced to 24 nm and 18 nm during subsequent electrodeposition of Pt and CuO. Electrodeposited Pt and CuO exhibited face centered cubic (fcc) and monoclinic crystal structure respectively. Cyclic voltammetric studies revealed that, on the hybrid material electrooxidation of glucose occurs at a lower potential (0.45 V). The sensor exhibited linear response to glucose up to 31 mM, fast response time (<3 s) and a low detection limit of 1 ?M (S/N=3). The sensor is free of interference from ascorbic acid, uric acid, dopamine and acetaminophen. Sensor was used to analyze glucose in blood serum samples. PMID:23911662

Suneesh, P V; Chandhini, K; Ramachandran, T; Nair, Bipin G; Satheesh Babu, T G

2013-12-15

353

A silicon MEMS structure for characterization of femto-farad-level capacitive sensors with lock-in architecture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents a silicon MEMS capacitive structure to investigate a test methodology for fF-level capacitive sensors' measurement. The device mimics a capacitive sensor with a changing intermediate layer between the electrodes. A single mask bulk micromachining process is used to fabricate the device, which has a nominal capacitance of 1.2 fF. A high performance measurement setup based on lock-in principle is developed to detect the capacitance variation. The maximum capacitance variation of the fabricated device is 0.31 fF, and the capacitance detection limit is 0.095 aF Hz?1/2.

354

Web Robots and Web Mining  

Science.gov (United States)

Manually indexing the World Wide Web is obviously an impossible task, and it is even a daunting challenge for automated techniques. Web content mining is a general term used to describe these techniques, which are intended for information categorization and filtering. Web robots serve a variety of purposes, including indexing; and they can be useful or, in some cases, harmful. Web usage mining, on the other hand, is used to determine how a Web site's structure and organization effect the way users navigate the site.The Web Robots Pages (1) is an excellent starting place to learn about these automated programs. Several hundred robots are documented in a database, and a selection of papers considers proper ethics and guidelines for using robots, among other things. An article on Web mining and its subclasses is given on DM Review (2). It describes the basics of Web analysis and outlines many benefits Web mining can offer. A course homepage on Web data mining from DePaul University (3) offers a broad selection of reading material on the subject. Mostly consisting of research papers and journal articles, the documents range from general applications to specific theories and case studies. Two computer scientists from Polytechnic University propose a robust, distributed Web crawler (another term for Web robot), intended for large-scale network interaction (4). The twelve page paper begins with the motivation for the project, and continues with a full description of the system architecture and implementation. The November 2002 issue of Computer magazine featured an article on Data Mining for Web Intelligence (5). It points out that today's Internet is lacking in many key aspects, and that Web mining will play an important role in the development of improved search engines and automatic document classification. A short poster presentation from the 2002 International World Wide Web Conference (6) introduces GeniMiner, a Web search strategy based on a genetic algorithm. GeniMiner operates on the premise of finding a nearly optimal solution in order to minimize manual analysis of the search results. KDnuggets (7) is a free, biweekly newsletter on data and Web mining. In recent issues, special attention has been given to the Total Information Awareness project, which is investigating ways of mining the Web and email for possible information about terrorist activity. Web robots are occasionally used for malicious purposes, namely to automatically register for free email or participate in online polls. A technology that was developed to counter these robots involved using a blurred or distorted word to gain access, which could easily be read by a human but would be impossible for a robot to read. In a press release from the University of California at Berkeley (8), researchers have discovered a way to allow Web robots to crack this security system. The article describes how it was accomplished and provides motivation for more advanced security measures.

Leske, Cavin.

2003-01-01

355

ARCOMEM Crawling Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The World Wide Web is the largest information repository available today. However, this information is very volatile and Web archiving is essential to preserve it for the future. Existing approaches to Web archiving are based on simple definitions of the scope of Web pages to crawl and are limited to basic interactions with Web servers. The aim of the ARCOMEM project is to overcome these limitations and to provide flexible, adaptive and intelligent content acquisition, relying on social media to create topical Web archives. In this article, we focus on ARCOMEM’s crawling architecture. We introduce the overall architecture and we describe its modules, such as the online analysis module, which computes a priority for the Web pages to be crawled, and the Application-Aware Helper which takes into account the type of Web sites and applications to extract structure from crawled content. We also describe a large-scale distributed crawler that has been developed, as well as the modifications we have implemented to adapt Heritrix, an open source crawler, to the needs of the project. Our experimental results from real crawls show that ARCOMEM’s crawling architecture is effective in acquiring focused information about a topic and leveraging the information from social media.

Vassilis Plachouras

2014-08-01

356

Implementation and Performance of a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL Architecture Using MEMS Inertial Sensors  

OpenAIRE

The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustne...

Youssef Tawk; Phillip Tomé; Cyril Botteron; Yannick Stebler; Pierre-André Farine

2014-01-01

357

Architecture and Protocol of a Semantic System Designed for Video Tagging with Sensor Data in Mobile Devices  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Current mobile phones come with several sensors and powerful video cameras. These video cameras can be used to capture good quality scenes, which can be complemented with the information gathered by the sensors also embedded in the phones. For example, the surroundings of a beach recorded by the camera of the mobile phone, jointly with the temperature of the site can let users know via the Internet if the weather is nice enough to swim. In this paper, we present a system that tags the video frames of the video recorded from mobile phones with the data collected by the embedded sensors. The tagged video is uploaded to a video server, which is placed on the Internet and is accessible by any user. The proposed system uses a semantic approach with the stored information in order to make easy and efficient video searches. Our experimental results show that it is possible to tag video frames in real time and send the tagged video to the server with very low packet delay variations. As far as we know there is not any other application developed as the one presented in this paper.

Alvaro Suarez

2012-02-01

358

SEnviro: a sensorized platform proposal using open hardware and open standards.  

Science.gov (United States)

The need for constant monitoring of environmental conditions has produced an increase in the development of wireless sensor networks (WSN). The drive towards smart cities has produced the need for smart sensors to be able to monitor what is happening in our cities. This, combined with the decrease in hardware component prices and the increase in the popularity of open hardware, has favored the deployment of sensor networks based on open hardware. The new trends in Internet Protocol (IP) communication between sensor nodes allow sensor access via the Internet, turning them into smart objects (Internet of Things and Web of Things). Currently, WSNs provide data in different formats. There is a lack of communication protocol standardization, which turns into interoperability issues when connecting different sensor networks or even when connecting different sensor nodes within the same network. This work presents a sensorized platform proposal that adheres to the principles of the Internet of Things and theWeb of Things. Wireless sensor nodes were built using open hardware solutions, and communications rely on the HTTP/IP Internet protocols. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) SensorThings API candidate standard was used as a neutral format to avoid interoperability issues. An environmental WSN developed following the proposed architecture was built as a proof of concept. Details on how to build each node and a study regarding energy concerns are presented. PMID:25756864

Trilles, Sergio; Luján, Alejandro; Belmonte, Óscar; Montoliu, Raúl; Torres-Sospedra, Joaquín; Huerta, Joaquín

2015-01-01

359

SEnviro: A Sensorized Platform Proposal Using Open Hardware and Open Standards  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The need for constant monitoring of environmental conditions has produced an increase in the development of wireless sensor networks (WSN. The drive towards smart cities has produced the need for smart sensors to be able to monitor what is happening in our cities. This, combined with the decrease in hardware component prices and the increase in the popularity of open hardware, has favored the deployment of sensor networks based on open hardware. The new trends in Internet Protocol (IP communication between sensor nodes allow sensor access via the Internet, turning them into smart objects (Internet of Things and Web of Things. Currently, WSNs provide data in different formats. There is a lack of communication protocol standardization, which turns into interoperability issues when connecting different sensor networks or even when connecting different sensor nodes within the same network. This work presents a sensorized platform proposal that adheres to the principles of the Internet of Things and theWeb of Things. Wireless sensor nodes were built using open hardware solutions, and communications rely on the HTTP/IP Internet protocols. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC SensorThings API candidate standard was used as a neutral format to avoid interoperability issues. An environmental WSN developed following the proposed architecture was built as a proof of concept. Details on how to build each node and a study regarding energy concerns are presented.

Sergio Trilles

2015-03-01

360

How to Improve Artificial Intelligence through Web  

OpenAIRE

Intelligent agents, intelligent software applications and artificial intelligent applications from artificial intelligence service providers maymake their way onto the Web in greater number as adaptive software, dynamic programming languages and Learning Algorithms are introduced intoWeb Services. The evolution of Web architecture may allow intelligent applications to run directly on the Web by introducing XML, RDF and logiclayer. The Intelligent Wireless Web’s significant potential for rap...

Lupasc, Adrian

2005-01-01

361

Sensors Weekly  

Science.gov (United States)

This is are very active web site devoted to the emerging technology area of sensors. It is updated continously, with technical articles, resources, and news about advances and new applications of sensor technology. It has seven major focus areas that are covered: electronics & computers, machine manufacturing, process industries, automotive, aerospace/military/homeland security, specialty markets, and wireless & M2M. This is an excellent source of up-to-date information about this technical area.

362

Ajax Architecture Implementation Techniques  

Science.gov (United States)

Today's rich Web applications use a mix of Java Script and asynchronous communication with the application server. This mechanism is also known as Ajax: Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. The intent of Ajax is to exchange small pieces of data between the browser and the application server, and in doing so, use partial page refresh instead of reloading the entire Web page. AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a powerful Web development model for browser-based Web applications. Technologies that form the AJAX model, such as XML, JavaScript, HTTP, and XHTML, are individually widely used and well known. However, AJAX combines these technologies to let Web pages retrieve small amounts of data from the server without having to reload the entire page. This capability makes Web pages more interactive and lets them behave like local applications. Web 2.0 enabled by the Ajax architecture has given rise to a new level of user interactivity through web browsers. Many new and extremely popular Web applications have been introduced such as Google Maps, Google Docs, Flickr, and so on. Ajax Toolkits such as Dojo allow web developers to build Web 2.0 applications quickly and with little effort.

Hussaini, Syed Asadullah; Tabassum, S. Nasira; Baig, Tabassum, M. Khader

2012-03-01

363

The definitive guide to HTML5 WebSocket  

CERN Document Server

The Definitive Guide to HTML5 WebSocket is the ultimate insider's WebSocket resource. This revolutionary new web technology enables you to harness the power of true real-time connectivity and build responsive, modern web applications.   This book contains everything web developers and architects need to know about WebSocket. It discusses how WebSocket-based architectures provide a dramatic reduction in unnecessary network overhead and latency compared to older HTTP (Ajax) architectures, how to layer widely used protocols such as XMPP and STOMP on top of WebSocket, and how to secure WebSocket c

Wang, Vanessa; Moskovits, Peter

2013-01-01

364

A Column-Parallel Hybrid Analog-to-Digital Converter Using Successive-Approximation-Register and Single-Slope Architectures with Error Correction for Complementary Metal Oxide Silicon Image Sensors  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, a column-parallel hybrid analog-to-digital converter (ADC) architecture taking the advantages of both successive-approximation-register (SAR) and single-slope (SS) architectures has been developed for CMOS image sensors. The proposed architecture achieves high conversion speed and low power consumption without requiring a high clock frequency and a large number of capacitors. Moreover, an error correction methodology has been presented to calibrate capacitance mismatches in a SAR capacitor array for linearity improvement. An 11-bit hybrid prototype ADC has been implemented in a 0.18-µm 1-poly 5-metal standard CMOS process. The conversion time is 1.225 µs with a maximum operation clock frequency of 40 MHz and it consumes 48 µW. With the proposed error correction, the measured differential nonlinearity (DNL) and integral nonlinearity (INL) are +0.40/-0.44 least significant bit (LSB) and +1.21/-1.12 LSB, respectively.

Li, Tsung-Ling; Sakai, Shin; Kawada, Shun; Goda, Yasuyuki; Wakashima, Shunichi; Kuroda, Rihito; Sugawa, Shigetoshi

2013-04-01

365

Architecture for Accessing Heterogeneous Databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents the architecture for accessing heterogeneous databases. Two major processes in this architecture which are extracting SQL statement and ontology. The algorithms for extracting SQL statement was created and tested in order to improve time performance during searching and retrieving process. Ontology approach was implemented and combined with these algorithms. In ontology approach, web semantic was implemented in order to retrieve only relevant data from database. A prototype based on this architecture was developed using JAVA technology. JAVA technology was chosen because this technology have Jena library. This library is provide API and support SPARQL. Several experiments have been executed and tested. The result indicates this architecture able to improve web query processing in term of time. The result also indicates this architecture able to retrieve and displayed more relevant data to web users.

Mohd Kamir Yusof

2012-02-01

366

Effective Web Design and Core Communication Issues: The Missing Components in Web-Based Distance Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of Web-based distance education focuses on communication issues. Highlights include Internet communications; components of a Web site, including site architecture, user interface, information delivery method, and mode of feedback; elements of Web design, including conceptual design, sensory design, and reactive design; and a Web

Burch, Randall O.

2001-01-01

367

An Architecture of ULP Energy Harvesting Power Conditioning Circuit Using Piezoelectric Transducer for Wireless Sensor Network: A Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Energy harvesting system converts ambient energy (examples: vibration, light, temperature and wind, etc. into useable electrical energy. This system can replace the function of battery for small Ultra-Low-Power (ULP electronic devices. The slag of batteries is harmful to the environment as well as hazardous to human health. Recent research trends in energy harvesting systems are extracting maximum energy from wind energy using piezoelectric cantilever. This study presents the development of a Power Conditioning Circuit (PCC for maximum harvested energy by using piezoelectric transducers. To achieve this, a self-PCC consisting of voltage doubler, charge pump, DC-DC converter and bypass path was designed. The output from the piezoelectric transducer is an AC voltage. To rectify the piezoelectric output, the voltage doubler was performed. Initially, the capacitor was charged via a bypass path. Once, the storage charge of the capacitor is sufficient to run the Microcontroller unit, this unit will stop the bypass path and on the active path. A low power Microcontroller was used for coding Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT algorithm. The system modeling, design and analysis of the proposed PCC energy harvesting was simulated in active components using PSPICE software and later on the MPPT algorithm was coded in MATLAB. Then the PSPICE simulation and MPPT code was integrated for evaluating the system performance. Finally, a self-powered and fully autonomous energy harvesting power conditioning circuit layout was designed in 0.13 ?m CMOS technology under Mentor Graphics. This PCC will ensure sufficient power to drive electronic devices such as Wireless Sensor Network (WSN, hearing aid, electronic watchand calculator, etc. This battery less ULP energy harvester capable to harvest maximum 24 mW power with an expected efficiency of 90% and output voltage of 3 V from low ambient sources of 500 mV at start up. Also, this ULP energy harvesting system reducing power consumption as compared to the conventional approaches.

D.M. Motiur Rahaman

2015-01-01

368

Principles and Model for Web Dataspace  

OpenAIRE

Web information integrated management system requires a powerful and versatile data model that is able to represent a highly heterogeneous mix of data such as web pages, XML, deep web, files, etc. It requires access to both structured and unstructured data. Such collections of data have been referred to as dataspace. In order to build a web dataspace support platform, we described some principles. According to these principles, we design architecture for the web dataspace support platform. Ba...

Zhengtao Liu; Jiandong Wang

2013-01-01

369

Service-oriented high level architecture  

OpenAIRE

Service-oriented High Level Architecture (SOHLA) refers to the high level architecture (HLA) enabled by Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web Services etc. techniques which supports distributed interoperating services. The detailed comparisons between HLA and SOA are made to illustrate the importance of their combination. Then several key enhancements and changes of HLA Evolved Web Service API are introduced in comparison with native APIs, such as Federation Developmen...

Wang, Wenguang; Yu, Wenguang; Li, Qun; Wang, Weiping; Liu, Xichun

2009-01-01

370

Design an Embedded Web Server for Monitoring and Controlling Systems or Devices  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents the design of embedded web server based on ARM9 Micro-processor and Linux platform and analyses hardware configuration and software implementation for monitoring and controlling systems or devices. In various applications like client server architecture it is better to use embedded web server other than pc server because we can control the electronic devices without distance by using web technology. It mainly targets on crucial points of promoting the GUI applications which are based on Qt/Embedded and the Linux drivers for different types of sensors in monitoring and controlling system projects. QT is the leading application and UI framework for devices powered by embedded Linux. The monitoring and controlling system uses Samsung S3C2440A processor as its main controller. Embedded Linux operating system and embedded web server run on the main controller to manage various types of equipments including sensor networks etc. The different electronic devices are connected to ARM9 through UART ports. The data from these electronic devices are stored in ARM9 micro controllers through RS-232 serial bus communication. The data from web server is received through http protocols and displayed on web page.

G.Sunil Kumar #1 , T.Swapna

2013-09-01

371

Measurement of Web Server Performance  

OpenAIRE

The Quality of Service (QoS) perceived by users is the dominant factor for the success of an Internet-based Web service. Thus, capacity planning has become essential for deploying Web servers. The aim of this study is to understand the key elements in Web server performance. We created a controlled test-bed environment, which allows one to analyze Web server performance in a simple and effective way. In this paper we present an analysis of two different Web server architectures and their perf...

Pagnin, Davide; Buzzi, Marina; Conti, Marco; Gregori, Enrico

2004-01-01

372

Spider silk: Webs measure up  

Science.gov (United States)

The complete elastic response of a spider's orb web has been quantified by non-invasive light scattering, revealing important insights into the architecture, natural material use and mechanical properties of the web. This knowledge advances our understanding of the prey-catching process and the role of supercontraction therein.

Qin, Zhao; Buehler, Markus J.

2013-03-01

373

Sensor Aided Authentication  

Science.gov (United States)

The sharing of sensor data globally becomes possible by the development of wireless sensor network, cloud computing, and other related technologies. These new trends can also benefit information security. In this paper, the sensor data is involved in the authentication procedure which is one main component of security systems. Sensor aided password is proposed. In addition, the architecture for sensor aided authentication corresponding to the simple authentication scenario is also designed. Sensor data aided password generation and utilization bring convenience to users without weakening the password strength.

Huang, Xin; Jiang, Yang; Gao, Xiong; Fu, Rong; Zhang, Tingting

374

Wind Evaluation Breadboard: mechanical design and analysis, control architecture, dynamic model, and performance simulation  

Science.gov (United States)

The Wind Evaluation Breadboard (WEB) for the European Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) is a primary mirror and telescope simulator formed by seven segments simulators, including position sensors, electromechanical support systems and support structures. The purpose of the WEB is to evaluate the performance of the control of wind buffeting disturbance on ELT segmented mirrors using an electro-mechanical set-up which simulates the real operational constrains applied to large segmented mirrors. The instrument has been designed and developed by IAC, ALTRAN, JUPASA and ESO, with FOGALE responsible of the Edge Sensors, and TNO of the Position Actuators. This paper describes the mechanical design and analysis, the control architecture, the dynamic model generated based on the Finite Element Model and the close loop performance achieved in simulations. A comparison in control performance between segments modal control and actuators local control is also presented.

Reyes García-Talavera, Marcos; Viera, Teodora; Núñez, Miguel; Zuluaga, Pablo; Ronquillo, Bernardo; Ronquillo, Mariano; Brunetto, Enzo; Quattri, Marco; Castro, Javier; Hernández, Elvio

2008-07-01

375

THE TSUNAMI SERVICE BUS, AN INTEGRATION PLATFORM FOR HETEROGENEOUS SENSOR SYSTEMS  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) is the sensor integration platform of the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) [1]. The primary goal of GITEWS is to deliver reliable tsunami warnings as fast as possible. This is achieved on basis of various sensor systems like seismometers, ocean instrumentation, and GPS stations, all providing fundamental data to support prediction of tsunami wave propagation by the GITEWS warning center. However, all these sensors come with their own proprietary data formats and specific behavior. Also new sensor types might be added, old sensors will be replaced. To keep GITEWS flexible the TSB was developed in order to access and control sensors in a uniform way. To meet these requirements the TSB follows the architectural blueprint of a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). The integration platform implements dedicated services communicating via a service infrastructure. The functionality required for early warnings is provided by loosely coupled services replacing the "hard-wired" coupling at data level. Changes in the sensor specification are confined to the data level without affecting the warning center. Great emphasis was laid on following the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standard [2], specified by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) [3]. As a result the full functionality needed in GITEWS could be achieved by implementing the four SWE services: The Sensor Observation Service for retrieving sensor measurements, the Sensor Alert Service in order to deliver sensor alerts, the Sensor Planning Service for tasking sensors, and the Web Notification Service for conduction messages to various media channels. Beyond these services the TSB also follows SWE Observation & Measurements specifications (O&M) for data encoding and Sensor Model Language (SensorML) for meta information. Moreover, accessing sensors via the TSB is not restricted to GITEWS. Multiple instances of the TSB can be composed to realize federate warning system. Beside the already operating TSB at the BMKG warning center [4], two other organizations in Indonesia ([5], [6]) consider using the TSB, making their data centers available to GITEWS. The presentation takes a look at the concepts and implementation and reflects the usefulness of the mentioned standards. REFERENCES [1] GITEWS is a project of the German Federal Government to aid the recon¬struction of the tsunami-prone region of the Indian Ocean, http://www.gitews.org/ [2] SWE, www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/sensorweb [3] OGC, www.opengeospatial.org [4] Meteorological and Geophysical Agency of Indonesia (BMKG), www.bmg.go.id [5] National Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (BAKOSURTANAL), www.bakosurtanal.go.id [6] Agency for the Assessment & Application of Technology (BPPT), www.bppt.go.id

Fleischer, J.; Häner, R.; Herrnkind, S.; Kriegel, U.; Schwarting, H.; Wächter, J.

2009-12-01

376

SEMANTIC BASED MULTIPLE WEB SEARCH ENGINE  

OpenAIRE

With the tremendous growth of information available to end users through the Web, search engines come to play ever a more critical role. Nevertheless, because of their general-purpose approach, it is always less uncommon that obtained result sets provide a burden ofuseless pages. The next-generation Web architecture, represented by the Semantic Web, provides the layered architecture possibly allowing overcoming this limitation. Several search engines have been proposed, which allow increasing...

MS.S.LATHA SHANMUGAVADIVU,; Rajaram, Dr M.

2010-01-01

377

Web interface for the Heart Disease Program.  

OpenAIRE

The task of making a large complex diagnostic program available to a broad audience of physicians has become more feasible with the ubiquitous accessibility of the client-server architecture of the World Wide Web. This paper describes the design and implementation of a Web interface for the Heart Disease Program (HDP). The client-server architecture imposes a number of requirements on the program. The graphical capabilities of the Web enable a number of enhancements to the program but also ca...

Long, W. J.; Fraser, H.; Naimi, S.

1996-01-01

378

Transitioning the DSAP infrastructure to a web service environment  

Science.gov (United States)

RAM Laboratories and AFRL are developing a software infrastructure to provide a Dynamic Situation Assessment and Prediction (DSAP) capability through the use of an embedded simulation infrastructure that can be linked to real-time Command, Control, Communications, and Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) sensors and systems and Command and Control (C2) activities. The resulting capabilities will allow Commanders to evaluate and analyze Courses of Action and potential alternatives through real-time and faster-than-real-time simulation via executing multiple plans simultaneously across a computing grid. In order to support users in a distributed C2 operational capacity, the DSAP infrastructure is being web-enabled to support net-centric services and common data formats and specifications that will allow it to support users on the Global Information Grid. This paper reviews DSAP and its underlying Multiple Replication Framework architecture and discusses steps that must be taken to play in a Service-Oriented Architecture.

McGraw, Robert M.; Lammers, Craig

2006-05-01

379

Collaborative web hosting challenges and research directions  

CERN Document Server

This brief presents a peer-to-peer (P2P) web-hosting infrastructure (named pWeb) that can transform networked, home-entertainment devices into lightweight collaborating Web servers for persistently storing and serving multimedia and web content. The issues addressed include ensuring content availability, Plexus routing and indexing, naming schemes, web ID, collaborative web search, network architecture and content indexing. In pWeb, user-generated voluminous multimedia content is proactively uploaded to a nearby network location (preferably within the same LAN or at least, within the same ISP)

Ahmed, Reaz

2014-01-01

380

The tsunami service bus, an integration platform for heterogeneous sensor systems  

Science.gov (United States)

1. INTRODUCTION Early warning systems are long living and evolving: New sensor-systems and -types may be developed and deployed, sensors will be replaced or redeployed on other locations and the functionality of analyzing software will be improved. To ensure a continuous operability of those systems their architecture must be evolution-enabled. From a computer science point of view an evolution-enabled architecture must fulfill following criteria: • Encapsulation of and functionality on data in standardized services. Access to proprietary sensor data is only possible via these services. • Loose coupling of system constituents which easily can be achieved by implementing standardized interfaces. • Location transparency of services what means that services can be provided everywhere. • Separation of concerns that means breaking a system into distinct features which overlap in functionality as little as possible. A Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) as e. g. realized in the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) and the advantages of functional integration on the basis of services described below adopt these criteria best. 2. SENSOR INTEGRATION Integration of data from (distributed) data sources is just a standard task in computer science. From few well known solution patterns, taking into account performance and security requirements of early warning systems only functional integration should be considered. Precondition for this is that systems are realized compliant to SOA patterns. Functionality is realized in form of dedicated components communicating via a service infrastructure. These components provide their functionality in form of services via standardized and published interfaces which could be used to access data maintained in - and functionality provided by dedicated components. Functional integration replaces the tight coupling at data level by a dependency on loosely coupled services. If the interfaces of the service providing components remain unchanged, components can be maintained and evolved independently on each other and service functionality as a whole can be reused. In GITEWS the functional integration pattern was adopted by applying the principles of an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) as a backbone. Four services provided by the so called Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) which are essential for early warning systems are realized compliant to services specified within the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) initiative of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). 3. ARCHITECTURE The integration platform was developed to access proprietary, heterogeneous sensor data and to provide them in a uniform manner for further use. Its core, the TSB provides both a messaging-backbone and -interfaces on the basis of a Java Messaging Service (JMS). The logical architecture of GITEWS consists of four independent layers: • A resource layer where physical or virtual sensors as well as data or model storages provide relevant measurement-, event- and analysis-data: Utilizable for the TSB are any kind of data. In addition to sensors databases, model data and processing applications are adopted. SWE specifies encoding both to access and to describe these data in a comprehensive way: 1. Sensor Model Language (SensorML): Standardized description of sensors and sensor data 2. Observations and Measurements (O&M): Model and encoding of sensor measurements • A service layer to collect and conduct data from heterogeneous and proprietary resources and provide them via standardized interfaces: The TSB enables interaction with sensors via the following services: 1. Sensor Observation Service (SOS): Standardized access to sensor data 2. Sensor Planning Service (SPS): Controlling of sensors and sensor networks 3. Sensor Alert Service (SAS): Active sending of data if defined events occur 4. Web Notification Service (WNS): Conduction of asynchronous dialogues between services • An orchestration layer where atomic services are composed and arranged to high level processes like a decision support process: One of the outstand

Haener, R.; Waechter, J.; Kriegel, U.; Fleischer, J.; Mueller, S.

2009-04-01

381

Towards Discriminant Analysis Modeling of Web 3.0 Design and Development for Students, Faculty and IT Professionals  

OpenAIRE

Web 3.0 is an evolving extension of the web 2.0 scenario. The perceptions regarding web 3.0 is different from person to person . Web 3.0 Architecture supports ubiquitous connectivity, network computing, open identity, intelligent web, distributed databases and intelligent applications. Some of the technologies which lead to the design and development of web 3.0 applications are Artificial intelligence, Automated reasoning, Cognitive architecture, Semantic web . An attempt is made to capture t...

Padma, S.; Ananthi Seshasaayee

2011-01-01

382

Towards Maximum Spanning Tree Model in Web 3.0 Design and Development for Students using Discriminant Analysis  

OpenAIRE

Web 3.0 is an evolving extension of the web 2.0 scenario. The perceptions regarding web 3.0 is different from person to person . Web 3.0 Architecture supports ubiquitous connectivity, network computing, open identity, intelligent web, distributed databases and intelligent applications. Some of the technologies which lead to the design and development of web 3.0 applications are Artificial intelligence, Automated reasoning, Cognitive architecture, Semantic web . An attempt is...

Padma, S.; Ananthi Seshasaayee

2012-01-01

383

Writing for the web composing, coding, and constructing web sites  

CERN Document Server

Writing for the Web unites theory, technology, and practice to explore writing and hypertext for website creation. It integrates such key topics as XHTML/CSS coding, writing (prose) for the Web, the rhetorical needs of the audience, theories of hypertext, usability and architecture, and the basics of web site design and technology. Presenting information in digestible parts, this text enables students to write and construct realistic and manageable Web sites with a strong theoretical understanding of how online texts communicate to audiences. Key features of the book

Applen, JD

2013-01-01

384

Wireless sensor networks  

CERN Document Server

Wireless Sensor Networks presents a comprehensive and tightly organized compilation of chapters that surveys many of the exciting research developments taking place in this field. Chapters are written by several of the leading researchers exclusively for this book. Authors address many of the key challenges faced in the design, analysis and deployment of wireless sensor networks. Included is coverage of low-cost sensor devices equipped with wireless interfaces, sensor network protocols for large scale sensor networks, data storage and compression techniques, security architectures and mechanis

Raghavendra, CS; Znati, Taieb

2006-01-01

385

Robot Electronics Architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

An electronics architecture has been developed to enable the rapid construction and testing of prototypes of robotic systems. This architecture is designed to be a research vehicle of great stability, reliability, and versatility. A system according to this architecture can easily be reconfigured (including expanded or contracted) to satisfy a variety of needs with respect to input, output, processing of data, sensing, actuation, and power. The architecture affords a variety of expandable input/output options that enable ready integration of instruments, actuators, sensors, and other devices as independent modular units. The separation of different electrical functions onto independent circuit boards facilitates the development of corresponding simple and modular software interfaces. As a result, both hardware and software can be made to expand or contract in modular fashion while expending a minimum of time and effort.

Garrett, Michael; Magnone, Lee; Aghazarian, Hrand; Baumgartner, Eric; Kennedy, Brett

2008-01-01

386

Mindshare: PC System Architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Mindshare is a company that specializes in technical training for a variety of computer technologies. Five short courses can be accessed from the Mindshare home page at no charge, after completing a quick registration. The online courses give an overview of the "PCI-X System Architecture, Rambus, USB 2.0, PCI Power Management, and Infiniband System Architecture." Each of these technologies is introduced with a virtual presentation, which shows video of the speaker and the slides used in the talk. The Web interface is very well designed and easy to use. The presentations range from 45 minutes to over two hours.

387

Making Web Annotations Persistent over Time  

OpenAIRE

As Digital Libraries (DL) become more aligned with the web architecture, their functional components need to be fundamentally rethought in terms of URIs and HTTP. Annotation, a core scholarly activity enabled by many DL solutions, exhibits a clearly unacceptable characteristic when existing models are applied to the web: due to the representations of web resources changing over time, an annotation made about a web resource today may no longer be relevant to the representatio...

Sanderson, Robert; Sompel, Herbert

2010-01-01

388

Process-aware web programming with Jolie  

OpenAIRE

We present a programming language and runtime, which extends the Jolie programming language, for the native modelling of process-aware web information systems, i.e., web information systems based upon the execution of business processes. Our main contribution is to offer a unifying approach for the programming of distributed architectures on the web, which can capture web servers, stateful process execution, and the composition of services via mediation in a system. We discu...

Montesi, Fabrizio

2014-01-01

389

Maximum Spanning Tree Model on Personalized Web Based Collaborative Learning in Web 3.0  

OpenAIRE

Web 3.0 is an evolving extension of the current web environme bnt. Information in web 3.0 can be collaborated and communicated when queried. Web 3.0 architecture provides an excellent learning experience to the students. Web 3.0 is 3D, media centric and semantic. Web based learning has been on high in recent days. Web 3.0 has intelligent agents as tutors to collect and disseminate the answers to the queries by the students. Completely Interactive learner's query determine th...

Padma, S.; Seshasaayee, Ananthi

2012-01-01

390

Terra Harvest software architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Under the Terra Harvest Program, the DIA has the objective of developing a universal Controller for the Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) community. The mission is to define, implement, and thoroughly document an open architecture that universally supports UGS missions, integrating disparate systems, peripherals, etc. The Controller's inherent interoperability with numerous systems enables the integration of both legacy and future UGS System (UGSS) components, while the design's open architecture supports rapid third-party development to ensure operational readiness. The successful accomplishment of these objectives by the program's Phase 3b contractors is demonstrated via integration of the companies' respective plug-'n'-play contributions that include controllers, various peripherals, such as sensors, cameras, etc., and their associated software drivers. In order to independently validate the Terra Harvest architecture, L-3 Nova Engineering, along with its partner, the University of Dayton Research Institute, is developing the Terra Harvest Open Source Environment (THOSE), a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) running on an embedded Linux Operating System. The Use Cases on which the software is developed support the full range of UGS operational scenarios such as remote sensor triggering, image capture, and data exfiltration. The Team is additionally developing an ARM microprocessor-based evaluation platform that is both energy-efficient and operationally flexible. The paper describes the overall THOSE architecture, as well as the design decisions for some of the key software components. Development process for THOSE is discussed as well.

Humeniuk, Dave; Klawon, Kevin

2012-06-01

391

A Framework for Incremental Hidden Web Crawler  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hidden Web’s broad and relevant coverage of dynamic and high quality contents coupled with the high change frequency of web pages poses a challenge for maintaining and fetching up-to-date information. For thepurpose, it is required to verify whether a web page has been changed or not, which is another challenge. Therefore, a mechanism needs to be introduced for adjusting the time period between two successive revisits based on probability of updation of the web page. In thispaper, architecture is being proposed that introduces a technique to continuously update/refresh the Hidden Web repository.

Rosy Madaan

2010-05-01

392

An ad hoc wireless sensor network for tele medicine applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent advances in embedded computing systems have led to the emergence of wireless sensor networks (SNETs), consisting of small, battery-powered motes with limited computation and radio communication capabilities. SNETs permit data gathering and computation to be deeply embedded in the physical environment. Large scale ad hoc sensor networks (ASNET), when deployed among mobile patients, can provide dynamic data query architecture to allow medical specialists to monitor patients at any place via the web or cellular network. In case of an emergency, doctors and/or nurses will be contacted automatically through their handheld personal digital assistants (PDAs) or cellular phones. In specific, the proposed network consists of sensor nodes at the first layer whose responsibility is to measure, collect and communicate, via wired or wireless interface, readings to a microcontroller presenting the second layer of architecture. Deployed microcontrollers process incoming readings and report to a central system via a wireless interface. The implemented network distinguishes between periodic sensor readings and critical or event driven readings where higher priorities is given for the latter. In this paper we implement 3 special cases for tracking and monitoring patients and doctors using SNETs. In addition, the performance of a large scale of our implementation has been tested by means of mathematical analysis. (author)

393

The Web of Things: A Survey (Invited Paper  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the vision of the Internet of Things (IoT, an increasing number of embedded devices of all sorts (e.g., sensors, mobile phones, cameras, smart meters, smart cars, traffic lights, smart home appliances, etc. are now capable of communicating and sharing data over the Internet. Although the concept of using embedded systems to control devices, tools and appliances has been proposed for almost decades now, with every new generation, the ever-increasing capabilities of computation and communication pose new opportunities, but also new challenges. As IoT becomes an active research area, different methods from various points of view have been explored to promote the development and popularity of IoT. One trend is viewing IoT as Web of Things (WoT where the open Web standards are supported for information sharing and device interoperation. By penetrating smart things into existing Web, the conventional web services are enriched with physical world services. This WoT vision enables a new way of narrowing the barrier between virtual and physical worlds.In this paper, we elaborate the architecture and some key enabling technologies of WoT. Some pioneer open platforms and prototypes are also illustrated. The most recent research results are carefully summarized. Furthermore, many systematic comparisons are made to provide the insight in the evolution and future of WoT. Finally, we point out some open challenging issues that shall be faced and tackled by research community.

Zixue Cheng

2011-09-01

394

An Architectural Style for Ajax:  

OpenAIRE

A new breed of web application, dubbed AJAX, is emerging in response to a limited degree of interactivity in large-grain stateless Web interactions. At the heart of this new approach lies a single page interaction model that facilitates rich interactivity. We have studied and experimented with several AJAX frameworks trying to understand their architectural properties. In this paper, we summarize three of these frameworks and examine their properties and introduce the SPIAR ...

Mesbah, A.; Deursen, A.

2007-01-01

395

Case and Relation (CARE) based Page Rank Algorithm for Semantic Web Search Engines  

OpenAIRE

Web information retrieval deals with a technique of finding relevant web pages for any given query from a collection of documents. Search engines have become the most helpful tool for obtaining useful information from the Internet. The next-generation Web architecture, represented by the Semantic Web, provides the layered architecture possibly allowing data to be reused across application. The proposed architecture use a hybrid methodology named Case and Relation (CARE) based Page Rank algori...

Preethi, N.; Devi, T.

2012-01-01

396

A versatile and interoperable network sensors for water resources monitoring  

Science.gov (United States)

Monitoring systems to assess water resources quantity and quality require extensive use of in-situ measurements, that have great limitations like difficulties to access and share data, and to customise and easy reconfigure sensors network to fulfil end-users needs during monitoring or crisis phases. In order to address such limitations Sensor Web Enablement technologies for sensors management have been developed and applied to different environmental context under the EU-funded OSIRIS project (Open architecture for Smart and Interoperable networks in Risk management based on In-situ Sensors, www.osiris-fp6.eu). The main objective of OSIRIS was to create a monitoring system to manage different environmental crisis situations, through an efficient data processing chain where in-situ sensors are connected via an intelligent and versatile network infrastructure (based on web technologies) that enables end-users to remotely access multi-domain sensors information. Among the project application, one was focused on underground fresh-water monitoring and management. With this aim a monitoring system to continuously and automatically check water quality and quantity has been designed and built in a pilot test, identified as a portion of the Amiata aquifer feeding the Santa Fiora springs (Grosseto, Italy). This aquifer present some characteristics that make it greatly vulnerable under some conditions. It is a volcanic aquifer with a fractured structure. The volcanic nature in Santa Fiora causes levels of arsenic concentrations that normally are very close to the threshold stated by law, but that sometimes overpass such threshold for reasons still not fully understood. The presence of fractures makes the infiltration rate very inhomogeneous from place to place and very high in correspondence of big fractures. In case of liquid-pollutant spills (typically hydrocarbons spills from tanker accidents or leakage from house tanks containing fuel for heating), these fractures can act as shortcuts to the heart of the aquifer, causing water contamination much faster than what inferable from average infiltration rates. A new system has been set up, upgrading a legacy sensor network with new sensors to address the monitoring and emergency phase management. Where necessary sensors have been modified in order to manage the whole sensor network through SWE services. The network manage sensors for water parameters (physical and chemical) and for atmospheric ones (for supporting the management of accidental crises). A main property of the developed architecture is that it can be easily reconfigured to pass from the monitoring to the alert phase, by changing sampling frequencies of interesting parameters, or deploying specific additional sensors on identified optimal positions (as in case of the hydrocarbon spill). A hydrogeological model, coupled through a hydrological interface to the atmospheric forcing, has been implemented for the area. Model products (accessed through the same web interface than sensors) give a fundamental added value to the upgraded sensors network (e.g. for data merging procedures). Together with the available measurements, it is shown how the model improves the knowledge of the local hydrogeological system, gives a fundamental support to eventually reconfigure the system (e.g. support on transportable sensors position). The network, basically conceived for real-time monitoring, allow to accumulate an unprecedent amount of information for the aquifer. The availability of such a large set of data (in terms of continuously measured water levels, fluxes, precipitation, concentrations, etc.) from the system, gives a unique opportunity for studying the influences of hydrogeological and geopedological parameters on arsenic and concentrations of other chemicals that are naturally present in water.

Ortolani, Alberto; Brandini, Carlo; Costantini, Roberto; Costanza, Letizia; Innocenti, Lucia; Sabatini, Francesco; Gozzini, Bernardo

2010-05-01

397

GENERAL WEB KNOWLEDGE MINING FRAMEWORK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mining the web is defined as discovering knowledge from hypertext and World Wide Web. The World Wide Web is one of the longest rising areas of intelligence gathering. Now a day there are billions of web pages, HTML archive accessible via the internet, and the number is still increasing. However, considering the inspiring diversity of the web, retrieving of interestingness web based content has become a very complex task. The large amount of data heterogeneity, complex format, high dimensional data and lack of structure of web, knowledge mining is a challenging task. In this paper, it is proposed to introduce a new framework generated to handle unstructured complex data. This web knowledge mining expertise brings forward a kind of XML-based distributed data mining architecture. Based on the research of web knowledge mining, XML is used to create well structured data. Web knowledge mining framework attempts to determine useful knowledge from derived data, complex format, and high dimensional data obtained from the interactions of the users through the Web.

B. Madasamy

2012-10-01

398

Performative Urban Architecture : place-making in-between architecture and socio-technical systems  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper explores how performative urban architecture can enhance community-making and public domain using socio-technical systems and digital technologies to constitute an urban reality. Digital medias developed for the web are now increasingly occupying the urban realm as a tool for navigating the physical world e.g. as exemplified by the Google Walk Score and the mobile extension of the Google Maps to the iPhone. At the same time the development in pervasive technologies and situated computing extends the build environment with digital feedback systems that are increasingly embedded and deployed using sensor technologies opening up for new access considerations in architecture as well as the ability for a local environment to act as real-time sources of information and facilities. Starting from the NoRA pavilion for the 10th International Architecture Biennale in Venice the paper discusses the perspectives of using interactive technologies for performative objects, which are able to register the impulses of urban activity and reproduce the contexts of the city. In this way the performative environment is established as an event setting providing an embodied experience as a ‘quasi-object' that can couple relationships between architecture, humans and society. These performative relationships between digital and physical environments are seen as illustrative of the social production of space by performance and the creative production of identity. The paper reflects on the perspectives of these performative environments to understand how the urban is forged in a manifold of actions and interactions and how performative objects can mediate relationships in changing social constellations.

Thomsen, Bo Stjerne; Jensen, Ole B.

399

WebCIS: large scale deployment of a Web-based clinical information system.  

OpenAIRE

WebCIS is a Web-based clinical information system. It sits atop the existing Columbia University clinical information system architecture, which includes a clinical repository, the Medical Entities Dictionary, an HL7 interface engine, and an Arden Syntax based clinical event monitor. WebCIS security features include authentication with secure tokens, authorization maintained in an LDAP server, SSL encryption, permanent audit logs, and application time outs. WebCIS is currently used by 810 phy...

Hripcsak, G.; Cimino, J. J.; Sengupta, S.

1999-01-01

400

A Web System Trace Model and Its Application to Web Design  

OpenAIRE

Traceability analysis is crucial to the development of web-centric systems, particularly those with frequent system changes, fine-grained evolution and maintenance, and high level of requirements uncertainty. A trace model at the level of the web system architecture is presented in this paper to address the specific challenges of developing web-centric systems. The trace model separates the concerns of different stakeholders in the web development life cycle into viewpoints; and c...

Kong, Xiaoying Faculty Of Engineering; Liu, Li Project Management Graduate Programme; Lowe, David Faculty Of Engineering

2007-01-01