WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Flow Webs: Mechanism and Architecture for the Implementation of Sensor Webs  

Science.gov (United States)

The sensor web is a distributed, federated infrastructure much like its predecessors, the internet and the world wide web. It will be a federation of many sensor webs, large and small, under many distinct spans of control, that loosely cooperates and share information for many purposes. Realistically, it will grow piecemeal as distinct, individual systems are developed and deployed, some expressly built for a sensor web while many others were created for other purposes. Therefore, the architecture of the sensor web is of fundamental import and architectural strictures that inhibit innovation, experimentation, sharing or scaling may prove fatal. Drawing upon the architectural lessons of the world wide web, we offer a novel system architecture, the flow web, that elevates flows, sequences of messages over a domain of interest and constrained in both time and space, to a position of primacy as a dynamic, real-time, medium of information exchange for computational services. The flow web captures; in a single, uniform architectural style; the conflicting demands of the sensor web including dynamic adaptations to changing conditions, ease of experimentation, rapid recovery from the failures of sensors and models, automated command and control, incremental development and deployment, and integration at multiple levels—in many cases, at different times. Our conception of sensor webs—dynamic amalgamations of sensor webs each constructed within a flow web infrastructure—holds substantial promise for earth science missions in general, and of weather, air quality, and disaster management in particular. Flow webs, are by philosophy, design and implementation a dynamic infrastructure that permits massive adaptation in real-time. Flows may be attached to and detached from services at will, even while information is in transit through the flow. This concept, flow mobility, permits dynamic integration of earth science products and modeling resources in response to real-time demands. Flows are the connective tissue of flow webs—massive computational engines organized as directed graphs whose nodes are semi-autonomous components and whose edges are flows. The individual components of a flow web may themselves be encapsulated flow webs. In other words, a flow web subgraph may be presented to a yet larger flow web as a single, seamless component. Flow webs, at all levels, may be edited and modified while still executing. Within a flow web individual components may be added, removed, started, paused, halted, reparameterized, or inspected. The topology of a flow web may be changed at will. Thus, flow webs exhibit an extraordinary degree of adaptivity and robustness as they are explicitly designed to be modified on the fly, an attribute well suited for dynamic model interactions in sensor webs. We describe our concept for a sensor web, implemented as a flow web, in the context of a wildfire disaster management system for the southern California region. Comprehensive wildfire management requires cooperation among multiple agencies. Flow webs allow agencies to share resources in exactly the manner they choose. We will explain how to employ flow webs and agents to integrate satellite remote sensing data, models, in-situ sensors, UAVs and other resources into a sensor web that interconnects organizations and their disaster management tools in a manner that simultaneously preserves their independence and builds upon the individual strengths of agency-specific models and data sources.

Gorlick, M. M.; Peng, G. S.; Gasster, S. D.; McAtee, M. D.

2006-12-01

2

Ontology Alignment Architecture for Semantic Sensor Web Integration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Semantic Sensor Web and has among its main features the use of ontologies. One of the key challenges of using ontologies in sensor networks is to provide mechanisms to integrate and exchange knowledge from heterogeneous sources (that is, dealing with semantic heterogeneity. Ontology alignment is the process of bringing ontologies into mutual agreement by the automatic discovery of mappings between related concepts. This paper presents a system for ontology alignment in the Semantic Sensor Web which uses fuzzy logic techniques to combine similarity measures between entities of different ontologies. The proposed approach focuses on two key elements: the terminological similarity, which takes into account the linguistic and semantic information of the context of the entity’s names, and the structural similarity, based on both the internal and relational structure of the concepts. This work has been validated using sensor network ontologies and the Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative (OAEI tests. The results show that the proposed techniques outperform previous approaches in terms of precision and recall.

Bernardo Alarcos

2013-09-01

3

Objective Evaluation of Sensor Web Modeling and Data System Architectures  

Science.gov (United States)

We discuss the recent development of an end-to-end simulator designed to quantitatively assess the scientific value of incorporating model- and event-driven "sensor web" capabilities into future NASA Earth Science missions. The intent is to provide an objective analysis tool for performing engineering and scientific trade studies in which new technologies are introduced. In the case study presented here we focus on meteorological applications in which a numerical model is used to intelligently schedule data collection by space-based assets. Sensor web observing systems that enable dynamic targeting by various observing platforms have the potential to significantly improve our ability to monitor, understand, and predict the evolution of rapidly evolving, transient, or variable meteorological events. The use case focuses on landfalling hurricanes and was selected due to the obvious societal impact and the ongoing need to improve warning times. Although hurricane track prediction has improved over the past several decades, further improvement is necessary in the prediction of hurricane intensity. We selected a combination of future observing platforms to apply sensor web measurement techniques: global 3D lidar winds, next-generation scatterometer ocean vector winds, and high resolution cloud motion vectors from GOES-R. Targeting of the assets by a numerical model would allow the spacecraft to change its attitude by performing a roll maneuver to enable off-nadir measurements to be acquired. In this study, synthetic measurements were derived through Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) and enabled in part through the Dopplar Lidar Simulation Model developed by Simpson Weather Associates. We describe the capabilities of the simulator through three different sensor web configurations of the wind lidar: winds obtained from a nominal "survey mode" operation, winds obtained with a reduced duty cycle of the lidar (designed for preserving the life of the instrument), and winds obtained from targeting specific atmospheric features. We also discuss the lessons learned from the prototyping efforts to date and the ongoing challenges of implementing a robust, extensible mission simulation tool. Conceptual view of adaptive targeting with a future wind lidar

Seablom, M. S.; Atlas, R. M.; Ardizzone, J.; Kemp, E. M.; Talabac, S.

2013-12-01

4

Sensor Web Architectural Concepts and Implementation Challenges - An Heuristic Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a significant interest in the Earth Science remote sensing community to increase the number of observations. The obvious reasons for such a push is to improve the temporal and surface coverage of measurements. However, there is little analysis available in terms of benefits, costs and optimized set of sensors needed to make these necessary observations. In reality, this is a complex problem that should be carefully studied and balanced over many boundaries. For example, the question of technology maturity versus users desire to obtain additional measurements is non congruent. This is further complicated by the limitations of the laws of physics and the economic conditions. With the advent of advance technology, it is anticipated that the cost of the spacecraft technology will become more affordable. However, the specialized detector subsystems, and the precision flying techniques may still require substantial innovation, development time and cost. Additionally, the space deployment scheme should also be given a careful attention because of a high expense. Nonetheless, it is important to carefully examine the science priorities and steer the development efforts that can commensurate with the tangible requirements. This paper outlines a possible set of architectural concepts, operational scenarios and potential benefits of one scheme versus another. It further makes some suggestions where one can draw some boundary conditions to incrementally solve this predicament.

Habib, Shahid; Hildebrand, Peter

2002-01-01

5

A Web 2.0 and OGC Standards Enabled Sensor Web Architecture for Global Earth Observing System of Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper will describe the progress of a 3 year research award from the NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) that began October 1, 2006, in response to a NASA Announcement of Research Opportunity on the topic of sensor webs. The key goal of this research is to prototype an interoperable sensor architecture that will enable interoperability between a heterogeneous set of space-based, Unmanned Aerial System (UAS)-based and ground based sensors. Among the key capabilities being pursued is the ability to automatically discover and task the sensors via the Internet and to automatically discover and assemble the necessary science processing algorithms into workflows in order to transform the sensor data into valuable science products. Our first set of sensor web demonstrations will prototype science products useful in managing wildfires and will use such assets as the Earth Observing 1 spacecraft, managed out of NASA/GSFC, a UASbased instrument, managed out of Ames and some automated ground weather stations, managed by the Forest Service. Also, we are collaborating with some of the other ESTO awardees to expand this demonstration and create synergy between our research efforts. Finally, we are making use of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) suite of standards and some Web 2.0 capabilities to Beverage emerging technologies and standards. This research will demonstrate and validate a path for rapid, low cost sensor integration, which is not tied to a particular system, and thus be able to absorb new assets in an easily evolvable, coordinated manner. This in turn will help to facilitate the United States contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), as agreed by the U.S. and 60 other countries at the third Earth Observation Summit held in February of 2005.

Mandl, Daniel; Unger, Stephen; Ames, Troy; Frye, Stuart; Chien, Steve; Cappelaere, Pat; Tran, Danny; Derezinski, Linda; Paules, Granville

2007-01-01

6

An Interoperable Architecture for Air Pollution Early Warning System Based on Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

Environmental monitoring systems deal with time-sensitive issues which require quick responses in emergency situations. Handling the sensor observations in near real-time and obtaining valuable information is challenging issues in these systems from a technical and scientific point of view. The ever-increasing population growth in urban areas has caused certain problems in developing countries, which has direct or indirect impact on human life. One of applicable solution for controlling and managing air quality by considering real time and update air quality information gathered by spatially distributed sensors in mega cities, using sensor web technology for developing monitoring and early warning systems. Urban air quality monitoring systems using functionalities of geospatial information system as a platform for analysing, processing, and visualization of data in combination with Sensor Web for supporting decision support systems in disaster management and emergency situations. This system uses Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), which offers a standard framework that allows the integration of sensors and sensor data into spatial data infrastructures. SWE framework introduces standards for services to access sensor data and discover events from sensor data streams as well as definition set of standards for the description of sensors and the encoding of measurements. The presented system provides capabilities to collect, transfer, share, process air quality sensor data and disseminate air quality status in real-time. It is possible to overcome interoperability challenges by using standard framework. In a routine scenario, air quality data measured by in-situ sensors are communicated to central station where data is analysed and processed. The extracted air quality status is processed for discovering emergency situations, and if necessary air quality reports are sent to the authorities. This research proposed an architecture to represent how integrate air quality sensor data stream into geospatial data infrastructure to present an interoperable air quality monitoring system for supporting disaster management systems by real time information. Developed system tested on Tehran air pollution sensors for calculating Air Quality Index (AQI) for CO pollutant and subsequently notifying registered users in emergency cases by sending warning E-mails. Air quality monitoring portal used to retrieving and visualize sensor observation through interoperable framework. This system provides capabilities to retrieve SOS observation using WPS in a cascaded service chaining pattern for monitoring trend of timely sensor observation.

Samadzadegan, F.; Zahmatkesh, H.; Saber, M.; Ghazi khanlou, H. J.

2013-09-01

7

Sensor web  

Science.gov (United States)

A Sensor Web formed of a number of different sensor pods. Each of the sensor pods include a clock which is synchronized with a master clock so that all of the sensor pods in the Web have a synchronized clock. The synchronization is carried out by first using a coarse synchronization which takes less power, and subsequently carrying out a fine synchronization to make a fine sync of all the pods on the Web. After the synchronization, the pods ping their neighbors to determine which pods are listening and responded, and then only listen during time slots corresponding to those pods which respond.

Delin, Kevin A. (Inventor); Jackson, Shannon P. (Inventor)

2011-01-01

8

Space-Based Sensor Web for Earth Science Applications: An Integrated Architecture for Providing Societal Benefits  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a significant interest in the Earth Science research and user remote sensing community to substantially increase the number of useful observations relative to the current frequency of collection. The obvious reason for such a push is to improve the temporal, spectral, and spatial coverage of the area(s) under investigation. However, there is little analysis available in terms of the benefits, costs and the optimal set of sensors needed to make the necessary observations. Classic observing system solutions may no longer be applicable because of their point design philosophy. Instead, a new intelligent data collection system paradigm employing both reactive and proactive measurement strategies with adaptability to the dynamics of the phenomena should be developed. This is a complex problem that should be carefully studied and balanced across various boundaries including: science, modeling, applications, and technology. Modeling plays a crucial role in making useful predictions about naturally occurring or human-induced phenomena In particular, modeling can serve to mitigate the potentially deleterious impacts a phenomenon may have on human life, property, and the economy. This is especially significant when one is interested in learning about the dynamics of, for example, the spread of forest fires, regional to large-scale air quality issues, the spread of the harmful invasive species, or the atmospheric transport of volcanic plumes and ash. This paper identifies and examines these challenging issues and presents architectural alternatives for an integrated sensor web to provide observing scenarios driving the requisite dynamic spatial, spectral, and temporal characteristics to address these key application areas. A special emphasis is placed on the observing systems and its operational aspects in serving the multiple users and stakeholders in providing societal benefits. We also address how such systems will take advantage of technological advancement in small spacecraft and emerging information technologies, and how sensor web options may be realized and made affordable. Specialized detector subsystems and precision flying techniques may still require substantial innovation, development time and cost: we have presented the considerations for these issues. Finally, data and information gathering and compression techniques are also briefly described.

Habib, Shahid; Talabac, Stephen J.

2004-01-01

9

GITEWS, an extensible and open integration platform for manifold sensor systems and processing components based on Sensor Web Enablement and the principles of Service Oriented Architectures  

Science.gov (United States)

The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) is a multifaceted system consisting of various sensor types like seismometers, sea level sensors or GPS stations, and processing components, all with their own system behavior and proprietary data structure. To operate a warning chain, beginning from measurements scaling up to warning products, all components have to interact in a correct way, both syntactically and semantically. Designing the system great emphasis was laid on conformity to the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) specification by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). The technical infrastructure, the so called Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) follows the blueprint of Service Oriented Architectures (SOA). The TSB is an integration concept (SWE) where functionality (observe, task, notify, alert, and process) is grouped around business processes (Monitoring, Decision Support, Sensor Management) and packaged as interoperable services (SAS, SOS, SPS, WNS). The benefits of using a flexible architecture together with SWE lead to an open integration platform: • accessing and controlling heterogeneous sensors in a uniform way (Functional Integration) • assigns functionality to distinct services (Separation of Concerns) • allows resilient relationship between systems (Loose Coupling) • integrates services so that they can be accessed from everywhere (Location Transparency) • enables infrastructures which integrate heterogeneous applications (Encapsulation) • allows combination of services (Orchestration) and data exchange within business processes Warning systems will evolve over time: New sensor types might be added, old sensors will be replaced and processing components will be improved. From a collection of few basic services it shall be possible to compose more complex functionality essential for specific warning systems. Given these requirements a flexible infrastructure is a prerequisite for sustainable systems and their architecture must be tailored for evolution. The use of well-known techniques and widely used open source software implementing industrial standards reduces the impact of service modifications allowing the evolution of a system as a whole. GITEWS implemented a solution to feed sensor raw data from any (remote) system into the infrastructure. Specific dispatchers enable plugging in sensor-type specific processing without changing the architecture. Client components don't need to be adjusted if new sensor-types or individuals are added to the system, because they access them via standardized services. One of the outstanding features of service-oriented architectures is the possibility to compose new services from existing ones. The so called orchestration, allows the definition of new warning processes which can be adapted easily to new requirements. This approach has following advantages: • With implementing SWE it is possible to establish the "detection" and integration of sensors via the internet. Thus a system of systems combining early warning functionality at different levels of detail is feasible. • Any institution could add both its own components as well as components from third parties if they are developed in conformance to SOA principles. In a federation an institution keeps the ownership of its data and decides which data are provided by a service and when. • A system can be deployed at minor costs as a core for own development at any institution and thus enabling autonomous early warning- or monitoring systems. The presentation covers both design and various instantiations (live demonstration) of the GITEWS architecture. Experiences concerning the design and complexity of SWE will be addressed in detail. A substantial amount of attention is laid on the techniques and methods of extending the architecture, adapting proprietary components to SWE services and encoding, and their orchestration in high level workflows and processes. Furthermore the potential of the architecture concerning adaptive behavior, collaboration across boundaries and semantic interoperab

Haener, Rainer; Waechter, Joachim; Fleischer, Jens; Herrnkind, Stefan; Schwarting, Herrmann

2010-05-01

10

Sensor Webs in Virtual Globes  

CERN Multimedia

A sensor web is a collection of heterogeneous sensors which autonomously reacts to the observed environment. The SouthEast Alaska MOnitoring Network for Science, Telecommunications, Education, and Research (SEAMONSTER) project has implemented a sensor web in partially glaciated watersheds near Juneau, Alaska, on the edge of the Juneau Icefield. By coupling the SEAMONSTER sensor web with digital earth technologies the scientific utility, education and public outreach efforts, and sensor web management of the project all greatly benefit. This paper describes the scientific motivation for a sensor web, the technology developed to implement the sensor web, the software developed to couple the sensor web with digital earth technologies, and demonstrates the SEAMONSTER sensor web in a digital earth framework.

Heavner, M; Hood, E; Connor, C

2009-01-01

11

Open-source Peer-to-Peer Environment to Enable Sensor Web Architecture: Application to Geomagnetic Observations and Modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

A flexible, dynamic, and reliable secure peer-to-peer (P2P) communication environment is under development at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Popular open-source P2P software technology provides a self- organizing, self-healing ad hoc "virtual network overlay" protocol-suite. The current effort builds a proof-of-concept geomagnetic Sensor Web upon this foundation. Our long-term objective is to enable an evolution of many types of distributed Earth system sensors and related processing/storage components into elements of an operational Sensor Web via integration into this P2P Environment. In general, the Environment distributes data communication tasks among the sensors (viewed as peers, each assigned a peer-role) and controls the flow of data. This work encompasses dynamic discovery, monitoring, control, and configuration as well as autonomous operations, real-time modeling and data processing, and secure ubiquitous communications. We currently restrict our communications to be within the secure GSFC network environment, and have integrated "simulated" (via historical data) geomagnetic sensors. Each remote sensor has operating modes to manage (from remote interfaces) and is designed to have features nearly indistinguishable from a live magnetometer. We have implemented basic identity management features (organized around GSFC identity-management practices); providing mechanisms which restrict data-serving privileges to authorized users, and which allow improved trust and accountability among users of the Environment. Data-serving peers digitally "sign" their services, and their data-browsing counterparts will only accept the products of services whose signature (and hence identity) can be verified. The current usage scenario involves modeling-peers, which operate within the same Environment as the sensors and also have operating modes to remotely manage, portraying a near-real- time global representation of geomagnetic activity from dynamic sensor-reported values. Remote "browsing" peers access these modeling-run results within the Environment, but also have the option to access the sensors directly. We expect that this preparatory work will benefit the LWS/Geospace program, as real-time geomagnetic observations are relevant to Sun-Earth Connection studies.

Holland, M.; Pulkkinen, A.

2007-12-01

12

Sensor system for web inspection  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A system for electrically measuring variations over a flexible web has a capacitive sensor including spaced electrically conductive, transmit and receive electrodes mounted on a flexible substrate. The sensor is held against a flexible web with sufficient force to deflect the path of the web, which moves relative to the sensor.

Sleefe, Gerard E. (1 Snowcap Ct., Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Rudnick, Thomas J. (626 E. Jackson Rd., St. Louis, MO 63119); Novak, James L. (11048 Malaguena La. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111)

2002-01-01

13

New Generation Sensor Web Enablement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many sensor networks have been deployed to monitor Earth’s environment, and more will follow in the future. Environmental sensors have improved continuously by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent. Due to the large number of sensor manufacturers and differing accompanying protocols, integrating diverse sensors into observation systems is not straightforward. A coherent infrastructure is needed to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way. The concept of the Sensor Web reflects such a kind of infrastructure for sharing, finding, and accessing sensors and their data across different applications. It hides the heterogeneous sensor hardware and communication protocols from the applications built on top of it. The Sensor Web Enablement initiative of the Open Geospatial Consortium standardizes web service interfaces and data encodings which can be used as building blocks for a Sensor Web. This article illustrates and analyzes the recent developments of the new generation of the Sensor Web Enablement specification framework. Further, we relate the Sensor Web to other emerging concepts such as the Web of Things and point out challenges and resulting future work topics for research on Sensor Web Enablement.

Christoph Stasch

2011-03-01

14

Adaptive reconfigurable distributed sensor architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

The infancy of unattended ground based sensors is quickly coming to an end with the arrival of on-board GPS, networking, and multiple sensing capabilities. Unfortunately, their use is only first-order at best: GPS assists with sensor report registration; networks push sensor reports back to the warfighter and forwards control information to the sensors; multispectral sensing is a preset, pre-deployment consideration; and the scalability of large sensor networks is questionable. Current architectures provide little synergy among or within the sensors either before or after deployment, and do not map well to the tactical user's organizational structures and constraints. A new distributed sensor architecture is defined which moves well beyond single sensor, single task architectures. Advantages include: (1) automatic mapping of tactical direction to multiple sensors' tasks; (2) decentralized, distributed management of sensor resources and tasks; (3) software reconfiguration of deployed sensors; (4) network scalability and flexibility to meet the constraints of tactical deployments, and traditional combat organizations and hierarchies; and (5) adaptability to new battlefield communication paradigms such as BADD (Battlefield Analysis and Data Dissemination). The architecture is supported in two areas: a recursive, structural definition of resource configuration and management via loose associations; and a hybridization of intelligent software agents with tele- programming capabilities. The distributed sensor architecture is examined within the context of air-deployed ground sensors with acoustic, communication direction finding, and infra-red capabilities. Advantages and disadvantages of the architecture are examined. Consideration is given to extended sensor life (up to 6 months), post-deployment sensor reconfiguration, limited on- board sensor resources (processor and memory), and bandwidth. It is shown that technical tasking of the sensor suite can be automatically accomplished via the warfighter's tactical direction enabling the DoD's vision of a `single logical taskable entity'.

Akey, Mark L.

1997-07-01

15

GeoCENS: a geospatial cyberinfrastructure for the world-wide sensor web.  

Science.gov (United States)

The world-wide sensor web has become a very useful technique for monitoring the physical world at spatial and temporal scales that were previously impossible. Yet we believe that the full potential of sensor web has thus far not been revealed. In order to harvest the world-wide sensor web's full potential, a geospatial cyberinfrastructure is needed to store, process, and deliver large amount of sensor data collected worldwide. In this paper, we first define the issue of the sensor web long tail followed by our view of the world-wide sensor web architecture. Then, we introduce the Geospatial Cyberinfrastructure for Environmental Sensing (GeoCENS) architecture and explain each of its components. Finally, with demonstration of three real-world powered-by-GeoCENS sensor web applications, we believe that the GeoCENS architecture can successfully address the sensor web long tail issue and consequently realize the world-wide sensor web vision. PMID:24152921

Liang, Steve H L; Huang, Chih-Yuan

2013-01-01

16

Multi-Sensor Architectures  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The use of multiple sensors typically requires the fusion of data from different type of sensors. The combined use of such a data has the potential to give an efficient, high quality and reliable estimation. Input data from different sensors allows the introduction of target attributes (target type, size) into the association logic. This requires a more general association logic, in which both the physical position parameters and the target attributes can be used simultaneously. Although, the data fusion from a number of sensors could provide better and reliable estimation but abundance of information is to be handled. Therefore, more extensive computer resources are needed for such a system. The parallel processing technique could be an alternative for such a system. The main objective of this research is to provide a real time task allocation strategy for data processing using multiple processing units for same type of multiple sensors, typically radar in our case.

Hussain, Dil Muhammad Akbar; Ahmed, Zaki

2012-01-01

17

URI Identity and Web Architecture Revisited  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This document reexamined the URI's identity issue and the debate regarding the nature of "information resource". By making emphasis on the abstract nature of resource and the role of URI as an interface to the web, this article presented an alternative viewpoint about the architecture of the web that would allow us to objectively and consistently treat all kinds of resources.

Wang, Xiaoshu

2012-01-01

18

Five Challenges for the Semantic Sensor Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The combination of sensor networks with the Web, web services and database technologies, was named some years ago as the Sensor Web or the Sensor Internet. Most efforts in this area focused on the provision of platforms that could be used to build sensor-based applications more efficiently, considering some of the most important challenges in sensor-based data management and sensor network configuration. The introduction of semantics into these platforms provides the opportunity of going a st...

2010-01-01

19

Advancing Sensor Web Interoperability  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

SensorNet is a framework being developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to tie together sensor data from all over the country to create a real-time detection and alert system for various threats, whether they are chemical, radiological, biological, nuclear, or explosive.

Shankar, Mallikarjun [ORNL; Gorman, Bryan L [ORNL; Smith, Cyrus M [ORNL

2005-01-01

20

Goal-Directed Planning for Sensor Webs  

Science.gov (United States)

An Earth-observing sensor web is an organization of space, airborne, or in situ sensing devices for collecting measurements of the Earth's processes. Sensor web coordination involves formulating Earth science goals and transforming them into sensor web workflows, i.e., sequences of data acquisition and processing tasks that satisfy the specified goals. Automating parts of this process using recent advances in intelligent control software technology will offer improved sensor web effectiveness. Our approach to the coordination problem applies architectural concepts of workflow management systems by identifying two phases in workflow generation. In the first phase, users formulate high-level campaign goals that are automatically transformed into abstract workflow plans. An abstract workflow plan represents the organization of data acquisition and processing actions that fulfills the goals specified by the user, but leaves out details such as how requests for access to a data resource are formatted. Abstracting away these details improves the usability of sensor web resources by scientists. To implement the first phase, we utilize the Labeled Transition System Analyzer (LTSA), a model-checking software tool. LTSA contains a concise process-based language, FSP (Finite State Processes) for designing and modeling software programs. We will use LTSA and FSP to automate the process of building executable plans for accessing resources on a sensor web. FSP has the constructs for representing conditional dependencies, iterations, and parallel actions, all of which are common features in Earth science campaigns. The second phase of the process consists of the automatic transformation of an abstract plan into a concrete plan, i.e., a sequence of actions that can be autonomously executed on a sensor web. The transformation in phase two might require further decomposition of actions in the abstract plan into a sequence of lower-level data acquisition requests. It may also involve the selection of resources to accomplish a given action and the representation of data acquisition tasks in a format that is recognized by the targeted resource (e.g. a sensor control command or a data archive query). The second phase relies on a service-layer information infrastructure for accessing sensor web resources. Standardizing requirements for such a service layer through the Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement (OGC/SWE) effort should allow access to numerous and diverse sensor web resources. For the purpose of demonstrating a prototype of our workflow management concepts, our system currently utilizes a simpler information infrastructure layer for servicing requests. This layer controls access to TOPS (Terrestrial Observation and Prediction System), a modeling software system that brings together technologies in information technology, weather/climate forecasting, ecosystem modeling, and satellite remote sensing to enhance management decisions related to floods, droughts, forest fires, human health, and crop, range, and forest production. We provide examples of concrete plans for accessing TOPS data and modeling resources and how they are generated from abstract plans.

Morris, R.; Dungan, J. L.; Khatib, L.; Votava, P.

2007-12-01

 
 
 
 
21

SPIM Architecture for MVC based Web Applications  

CERN Multimedia

The Model / View / Controller design pattern divides an application environment into three components to handle the user-interactions, computations and output respectively. This separation greatly favors architectural reusability. The pattern works well in the case of single-address space and not proven to be efficient for web applications involving multiple address spaces. Web applications force the designers to decide which of the components of the pattern are to be partitioned between the server and client(s) before the design phase commences. For any rapidly growing web application, it is very difficult to incorporate future changes in policies related to partitioning. One solution to this problem is to duplicate the Model and controller components at both server and client(s). However, this may add further problems like delayed data fetch, security and scalability issues. In order to overcome this, a new architecture SPIM has been proposed that deals with the partitioning problem in an alternative way. S...

Sridaran, R; Iyakutti, K; Mani, M N S

2010-01-01

22

SSWAP: A Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol for semantic web services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background SSWAP (Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol; pronounced "swap") is an architecture, protocol, and platform for using reasoning to semantically integrate heterogeneous disparate data and services on the web. SSWAP was developed as a hybrid semantic web services technology to overcome limitations found in both pure web service technologies and pure semantic web technologies. Results There are currentl...

Dg, Gessler Damian; Schiltz Gary S; May Greg D; Avraham Shulamit; Town Christopher D; Grant David; Nelson Rex T

2009-01-01

23

Sensor Network Architectures for Monitoring Underwater Pipelines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper develops and compares different sensor network architecture designs that can be used for monitoring underwater pipeline infrastructures. These architectures are underwater wired sensor networks, underwater acoustic wireless sensor networks, RF (Radio Frequency wireless sensor networks, integrated wired/acoustic wireless sensor networks, and integrated wired/RF wireless sensor networks. The paper also discusses the reliability challenges and enhancement approaches for these network architectures. The reliability evaluation, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages among these architectures are discussed and compared. Three reliability factors are used for the discussion and comparison: the network connectivity, the continuity of power supply for the network, and the physical network security. In addition, the paper also develops and evaluates a hierarchical sensor network framework for underwater pipeline monitoring.

Imad Jawhar

2011-11-01

24

A machine-to-machine architecture to merge semantic sensor measurements  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The emerging eld Machine-to-Machine (M2M) enables machines to communicate with each other without human intervention. Existing semantic sensor networks are domainspeci c and add semantics to the context. We design a Machine-to-Machine (M2M) architecture to merge heterogeneous sensor networks and we propose to add semantics to the measured data rather than to the context. This architecture enables to: (1) get sensor measurements, (2) enrich sensor measurements with semantic web technologies, d...

Gyrard, Amelie; Bonnet, Christian; Boudaoud, Karima

2013-01-01

25

Semantically-Enabled Sensor Plug & Play for the Sensor Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Environmental sensors have continuously improved by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent over the past years. As consequence of these technological advancements, sensors are increasingly deployed to monitor our environment. The large variety of available sensor types with often incompatible protocols complicates the integration of sensors into observing systems. The standardized Web service interfaces and data encodings defined within OGC’s Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework m...

Bro?ring, Arne; Mau?e, Patrick; Janowicz, Krzysztof; Nu?st, Daniel; Malewski, Christian

2011-01-01

26

GeoCENS: A Geospatial Cyberinfrastructure for the World-Wide Sensor Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The world-wide sensor web has become a very useful technique for monitoring the physical world at spatial and temporal scales that were previously impossible. Yet we believe that the full potential of sensor web has thus far not been revealed. In order to harvest the world-wide sensor web’s full potential, a geospatial cyberinfrastructure is needed to store, process, and deliver large amount of sensor data collected worldwide. In this paper, we first define the issue of the sensor web long tail followed by our view of the world-wide sensor web architecture. Then, we introduce the Geospatial Cyberinfrastructure for Environmental Sensing (GeoCENS architecture and explain each of its components. Finally, with demonstration of three real-world powered-by-GeoCENS sensor web applications, we believe that the GeoCENS architecture can successfully address the sensor web long tail issue and consequently realize the world-wide sensor web vision.

Steve H.L. Liang

2013-10-01

27

Semantically-Enabled Sensor Plug & Play for the Sensor Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Environmental sensors have continuously improved by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent over the past years. As consequence of these technological advancements, sensors are increasingly deployed to monitor our environment. The large variety of available sensor types with often incompatible protocols complicates the integration of sensors into observing systems. The standardized Web service interfaces and data encodings defined within OGC’s Sensor Web Enablement (SWE framework make sensors available over the Web and hide the heterogeneous sensor protocols from applications. So far, the SWE framework does not describe how to integrate sensors on-the-fly with minimal human intervention. The driver software which enables access to sensors has to be implemented and the measured sensor data has to be manually mapped to the SWE models. In this article we introduce a Sensor Plug & Play infrastructure for the Sensor Web by combining (1 semantic matchmaking functionality, (2 a publish/subscribe mechanism underlying the SensorWeb, as well as (3 a model for the declarative description of sensor interfaces which serves as a generic driver mechanism. We implement and evaluate our approach by applying it to an oil spill scenario. The matchmaking is realized using existing ontologies and reasoning engines and provides a strong case for the semantic integration capabilities provided by Semantic Web research.

Daniel Nüst

2011-08-01

28

A ubiquitous sensor network platform for integrating smart devices into the semantic sensor web.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ongoing Sensor Web developments make a growing amount of heterogeneous sensor data available to smart devices. This is generating an increasing demand for homogeneous mechanisms to access, publish and share real-world information. This paper discusses, first, an architectural solution based on Next Generation Networks: a pilot Telco Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN) Platform that embeds several OGC® Sensor Web services. This platform has already been deployed in large scale projects. Second, the USN-Platform is extended to explore a first approach to Semantic Sensor Web principles and technologies, so that smart devices can access Sensor Web data, allowing them also to share richer (semantically interpreted) information. An experimental scenario is presented: a smart car that consumes and produces real-world information which is integrated into the Semantic Sensor Web through a Telco USN-Platform. Performance tests revealed that observation publishing times with our experimental system were well within limits compatible with the adequate operation of smart safety assistance systems in vehicles. On the other hand, response times for complex queries on large repositories may be inappropriate for rapid reaction needs. PMID:24945678

de Vera, David Díaz Pardo; Izquierdo, Alvaro Sigüenza; Vercher, Jesús Bernat; Hernández Gómez, Luis Alfonso

2014-01-01

29

Design Features for the Social Web: The Architecture of Deme  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We characterize the "social Web" and argue for several features that are desirable for users of socially oriented web applications. We describe the architecture of Deme, a web content management system (WCMS) and extensible framework, and show how it implements these desired features. We then compare Deme on our desiderata with other web technologies: traditional HTML, previous open source WCMSs (illustrated by Drupal), commercial Web 2.0 applications, and open-source, objec...

Davies, Todd; Mintz, Mike D.

2013-01-01

30

A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler with Focused Web Crawler?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This Paper described A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler withFocused Web Crawler. We enumerate the major components of any Scalable and Focused Web Crawler anddescribe the particular components used in this Novel Architecture. We also describe this Novel Architecturesupport for Extensibility and downloaded user’s support information. We also describe how the Focused WebCrawler component integrates with Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler and also describe theirfunctionality of every component and how to work together. We also describe how this Novel Architecturedownloaded maximum pages from web in minimum time and sure partially extract web pages which isneeded to users.

Sarnam Singh

2013-06-01

31

Developing a Secure Web Service Architecture for SVG Image Delivery  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web Services are substantially growing and become vital for businesses and organizations. A major concern, especially for mission-critical applications is Security. This study focuses on developing Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) as Web services. In particular, we develop a service-oriented architecture that securely manages SVG Web services using the intermediary design pattern. In the proposed architecture we introduced two kinds of specialized security intermediaries to enforce SVG signatur...

Sabah Mohammed; Jinan Fiaidhi; Hamada Ghenniwa; Marshall Hahn

2006-01-01

32

A Survey of Wireless Sensor Network Architectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A wireless sensor network (WSN consists of spatially distributed autonomous sensors that cooperativelymonitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion,or pollutants, at different locations. Recent advances in low-power highly-integrated electronics,advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS, rapid growth in the type and quality of availablesensors, and progress in communication have allowed WSNs to achieve an unprecedented growth incommercial, industrial and military applications. In order to better understand WSNs, we look at theirnetwork architectures. In this survey, we classify existing WSN architectures into specific groups basedon WSN behaviour and data flow characteristics. Existing architectures are described and presentedalong with their advantages and disadvantages. The existing architectures are also evaluated in terms ofmost common WSN performance parameters such as network lifetime, latency, reliability, quality ofservice (QoS, fidelity, scalability, modularity, and ease of deployment.

Almir Davis

2013-01-01

33

Semantic Web on Scope: A New Architectural Model for the Semantic Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem Statement: Current web contains billions of documents and has many administrative problems and limitations; in addition to that the web content is still accessible only to humans. The solution to these problems is the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is considered to be the extension for the current web. But there are problems facing the Semantic Web now, such as there is no clear architecture for it, there are four versions created by Tim Berners-Lee, but still up to now there is no agreement for one of these visions nor is there a clear picture for the relation between different layers inside this architecture and the associated technologies. The objectives of this study were to: (i Identify the weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures and (ii Reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses. Approach: This research uses the Qualitative Analysis Approach of Taylor and Renner, presents the four versions of the Semantic Web architecture, describing the function(s and status of each layer and associated technologies, evaluates them using Gerber evaluation method and determines other design principles needed to modify and adapt this architecture as a step toward an agreement for one Semantic Web architecture. Results: The design of a new model for the Semantic Web architecture depends on the idea of previous versions. Conclusion: As a step toward a unified architecture for the Semantic Web, our study of the Semantic Web architecture highlighted some weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures, modify, adapt and reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses.

Haytham T. Al-Feel

2008-01-01

34

New Generation Sensor Web Enablement  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many sensor networks have been deployed to monitor Earth’s environment, and more will follow in the future. Environmental sensors have improved continuously by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent. Due to the large number of sensor manufacturers and differing accompanying protocols, integrating diverse sensors into observation systems is not straightforward. A coherent infrastructure is needed to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way. The concept...

Bro?ring, Arne; Echterhoff, Johannes; Jirka, Simon; Simonis, Ingo; Everding, Thomas; Stasch, Christoph; Liang, Steve; Lemmens, Rob

2011-01-01

35

A conceptual architecture for semantic web services development and deployment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Several extensions of the Web Services Framework (WSF) have been proposed. The combination with Semantic Web technologies introduces a notion of semantics, which can enhance scalability through automation. Service composition to processes is an equally important issue. Ontology technology – the core of the Semantic Web – can be the central building block of an extension endeavour. We present a conceptual architecture for ontology-based Web service development and deployment. The developme...

Pahl, Claus

2005-01-01

36

WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based...

2012-01-01

37

DESIGNING DEPENDABLE AGILE LAYERED WEB SERVICES SECURITY ARCHITECTURE SOLUTIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Service Orientation Engineering (SOE (using Web Services and Agile modeling software development presents promising solutions for contemporary software development projects to deal effectively withchallenges in increasingly turbulent business environments typified by unpredictable markets, changing customer requirements, pressures of even shorter time to deliver, and rapidly advancing informationtechnologies. Web Services Security Architectures have three layers, as provided by NIST standard: Web Service Layer, Web Services Framework Layer (.NET or J2EE, and Web Server Layer. In services oriented web services architecture, business processes are executed as a composition of services, which can suffer from vulnerabilities pertaining to secure data access and protecting code of Web Services. The goal of the Web services security architecture is to summary out the details of message-level security from the mainstream business logic, with a focus on Web Service contract design and versioning for SOA. Service oriented web services architectures impose additional analysis complexity as they provide much flexibility and frequentchanges with in orchestrated processes and services. In this paper, we discuss about developing dependable solutions for Web Services Security Architectures using Agile Layered security architectures in terms of Privacy requirements. All this research is motivated by Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design research domain. We initially validate this by a BPEL Editor using GWT for RBAC and Privacy. Finally a real world case study is implemented using J2EE, for validating our approach. Secure Stock Exchange System using Web Services is to automate the stock exchange works, and can help user make the decisions when it comes to investment.

M.UPENDRA KUMAR

2011-06-01

38

WebSpy: An Architecture for Monitoring Web Server Availability in a Multi-Platform Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For an electronic business (e-business, customer satisfaction can be the difference between long-term success and short-term failure. Customer satisfaction is highly impacted by Web server availability, as customers expect a Web site to be available twenty-four hours a day and seven days a week. Unfortunately, unscheduled Web server downtime is often beyond the control of the organization. What is needed is an effective means of identifying and recovering from Web server downtime in order to minimize the negative impact on the customer. An automated architecture, called WebSpy, has been developed to notify administration and to take immediate action when Web server downtime is detected. This paper describes the WebSpy architecture and differentiates it from other popular Web monitoring tools. The results of a case study are presented as a means of demonstrating WebSpy's effectiveness in monitoring Web server availability.

Madhan Mohan Thirukonda

2002-01-01

39

An Access Control Metamodel for Web Service-Oriented Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the mutual consent to use WSDL (Web Service Description Language) to describe web service interfaces and SOAP as the basic communication protocol, the cornerstone for web service-oriented architecture (WSOA) has been established. Considering the momentum observable by the growing number of specifications in the web service domain for the indispensable cross-cutting concern of identity management (IdM) it is still an open issue how a WSOA-aware IdM architecture is built and how it is link...

Emig, Christian; Brandt, Frank; Abeck, Sebastian; Biermann, Ju?rgen; Klarl, Heiko

2007-01-01

40

An Access Control Metamodel for Web Service-Oriented Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the mutual consent to use WSDL (Web Service Description Language) to describe web service interfaces and SOAP as the basic communication protocol, the cornerstone for web service-oriented architecture (WSOA) has been established. Considering the momentum observable by the growing number of specifications in the web service domain for the indispensable cross-cutting concern of identity management (IdM) it is still an open issue how a WSOA-aware IdM architecture is built and how it is link...

Emig, Christian; Brandt, Frank; Abeck, Sebastian; Biermann, Ju?rgen; Klarl, Heiko

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Dynamic Web Service Composition within a Service-Oriented Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Increasing automation requires open, distributed, service-oriented systems capable of multicriteria-driven, dynamic adaptation for appropriate response to changing operating conditions. We combine a simple architecture with a novel algorithm to enable openness, distribution, and multi-criteria-driven service composition at runtime. The service-oriented architecture involves mediator web services coordinating other web services into compositions necessary to fulfil user requests. By basing med...

Jureta, Ivan; Faulkner, Ste?phane; Achbany, Youssef; Saerens, Marco

2007-01-01

42

Inversion of Web Service Invocation using Publish/Subscribe Push-Based Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Among enterprise application integration solutions, Web services technologies are promising technologies to achieve the interoperability in heterogeneous environments. However, traditional Web service invocation may lead to unnecessary network traffic, long response time, and bottleneck problems at service providers. While a publish/subscribe model provides an advantage of prompt notification which can eliminate unnecessary network traffic, its achievement in interoperability is limited. By integrating Web services technologies with a publish/subscribe model, a pull-based architecture and a push-based architecture are mentioned in this paper. The pull-based architecture uses the integrated solution based on traditional Web service invocation, still the bottleneck problems at service providers are likely to occur. Therefore, we propose an alternative, the push-based architecture which presents an innovative approach of using inversion of Web service invocation. Instead of letting service clients invoke services at service providers as usual, the service clients simply wait for updated information from the service providers. Experimental results showed that the response time was significantly minimized and the bottleneck problems at service providers were eliminated in the push-based architecture. Thus, service providers can be very small and thin in ubiquitous computing such as sensor or mobile devices.

Thanisa Numnonda

2012-01-01

43

Semantic Web Services and Semantic Service-Oriented Architectures.  

Science.gov (United States)

The DoD is moving toward a Web services-based net-centric service- oriented architecture. A critical part of this effort will be the ability to discover, invoke and compose Web services in response to warfighter needs. Currently, discovery involves manual...

A. Frantz R. McIntyre

2010-01-01

44

Wireless sensor web for rover planetary exploration  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Together with the “traditional“ approach, during the last years a new concept of planetary surface exploration has been introduced and investigated by the space community, including the European Space Agency (ESA). The concept consists in deploying a number of sensors communicating among themselves in a wireless networked architecture (WSN). These sensors, altogether, constitute a distributed instrument with the potential of broadening the capabilities of making science on and ...

Medina, A.; Negueruela, C.; Mollinedo, L.; Gandia, F.; Barrientos Cruz, Antonio; Rossi, Claudio; Sanz Mun?oz, David; Puiatti, Alessandro; Dufour, Jean Francois

2010-01-01

45

A model driven architecture approach to web development  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The rise of the number and complexity of web applications is ever increasing. Web engineers need advanced development methods to build better systems and to maintain them in an easy way. Model-Driven Architecture (MDA) is an important trend in the software engineering field based on both models and its transformations to automatically generate code. This paper describes a a methodology for web application development, providing a process based on MDA which provides an effective engineering ap...

Go?mez Cuesta, Alejandro; Granja, Juan Carlos; O Connor, Rory

2009-01-01

46

Evolving EO-1 Sensor Web Testbed Capabilities in Pursuit of GEOSS  

Science.gov (United States)

A viewgraph presentation to evolve sensor web capabilities in pursuit of capabilities to support Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS) is shown. The topics include: 1) Vision to Enable Sensor Webs with "Hot Spots"; 2) Vision Extended for Communication/Control Architecture for Missions to Mars; 3) Key Capabilities Implemented to Enable EO-1 Sensor Webs; 4) One of Three Experiments Conducted by UMBC Undergraduate Class 12-14-05 (1 - 3); 5) Closer Look at our Mini-Rovers and Simulated Mars Landscae at GSFC; 6) Beginning to Implement Experiments with Standards-Vision for Integrated Sensor Web Environment; 7) Goddard Mission Services Evolution Center (GMSEC); 8) GMSEC Component Catalog; 9) Core Flight System (CFS) and Extension for GMSEC for Flight SW; 10) Sensor Modeling Language; 11) Seamless Ground to Space Integrated Message Bus Demonstration (completed December 2005); 12) Other Experiments in Queue; 13) Acknowledgements; and 14) References.

Mandi, Dan; Ly, Vuong; Frye, Stuart; Younis, Mohamed

2006-01-01

47

Semantic Web on Scope: A New Architectural Model for the Semantic Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem Statement: Current web contains billions of documents and has many administrative problems and limitations; in addition to that the web content is still accessible only to humans. The solution to these problems is the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is considered to be the extension for the current web. But there are problems facing the Semantic Web now, such as there is no clear architecture for it, there are four versions created by Tim Berners-Lee, but still up to now there i...

Al-feel, Haytham T.; Magdy Koutb; Hoda Suoror

2008-01-01

48

A Novel Architecture for Topic Specific Parallel Web Crawler  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The World Wide Web is an interlinked collection of billions of web documents. Due to the growing and dynamic nature of the web, it has become a challenge to traverse all URLs in the web documents by a crawler module. So it has become imperative to parallelize a crawling process. The crawler process is further being parallelized in the form ecology of crawler workers that in parallel download information from the web. This paper proposes a novel architecture of parallel crawler, which is based on topic specific crawling, makes crawling task more effective, scalable and load-sharing among the different crawlers which parallel downloading the web pages related to different topics. The proposed crawler will crawl and download the web pages which are related to given topic(s.

Navita

2014-05-01

49

Standards-based sensor interoperability and networking SensorWeb: an overview  

Science.gov (United States)

The War fighter lacks a unified Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) environment to conduct mission planning, command and control (C2), tasking, collection, exploitation, processing, and data discovery of disparate sensor data across the ISR Enterprise. Legacy sensors and applications are not standardized or integrated for assured, universal access. Existing tasking and collection capabilities are not unified across the enterprise, inhibiting robust C2 of ISR including near-real time, cross-cueing operations. To address these critical needs, the National Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) Office (NMO), and partnering Combatant Commands and Intelligence Agencies are developing SensorWeb, an architecture that harmonizes heterogeneous sensor data to a common standard for users to discover, access, observe, subscribe to and task sensors. The SensorWeb initiative long term goal is to establish an open commercial standards-based, service-oriented framework to facilitate plug and play sensors. The current development effort will produce non-proprietary deliverables, intended as a Government off the Shelf (GOTS) solution to address the U.S. and Coalition nations' inability to quickly and reliably detect, identify, map, track, and fully understand security threats and operational activities.

Bolling, Sam

2012-05-01

50

Integrated Web Architecture Based on Web3D, Flex and SSH  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Focusing on the problems occurred in traditional 2D image-word-based web applications, the author put forward con-cept of integrating Web3D, Flex and SSH technologies to create advanced “3D Virtual Reality & RIA” web application architecture, researched mechanisms of their architectures, and implemented their integration and communication & interaction: Flex and Struts2 via XML, Flex and Spring & Hibernate via BlazeDS, Flex and Web3D via JavaScript. The practice has shown that the integra...

Zhang, Wenjun

2010-01-01

51

Sharing Human-Generated Observations by Integrating HMI and the Semantic Sensor Web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Current “Internet of Things” concepts point to a future where connected objects gather meaningful information about their environment and share it with other objects and people. In particular, objects embedding Human Machine Interaction (HMI, such as mobile devices and, increasingly, connected vehicles, home appliances, urban interactive infrastructures, etc., may not only be conceived as sources of sensor information, but, through interaction with their users, they can also produce highly valuable context-aware human-generated observations. We believe that the great promise offered by combining and sharing all of the different sources of information available can be realized through the integration of HMI and Semantic Sensor Web technologies. This paper presents a technological framework that harmonizes two of the most influential HMI and Sensor Web initiatives: the W3C’s Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces (MMI and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC Sensor Web Enablement (SWE with its semantic extension, respectively. Although the proposed framework is general enough to be applied in a variety of connected objects integrating HMI, a particular development is presented for a connected car scenario where drivers’ observations about the traffic or their environment are shared across the Semantic Sensor Web. For implementation and evaluation purposes an on-board OSGi (Open Services Gateway Initiative architecture was built, integrating several available HMI, Sensor Web and Semantic Web technologies. A technical performance test and a conceptual validation of the scenario with potential users are reported, with results suggesting the approach is sound.

David Conejero

2012-05-01

52

Sharing Human-Generated Observations by Integrating HMI and the Semantic Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

Current “Internet of Things” concepts point to a future where connected objects gather meaningful information about their environment and share it with other objects and people. In particular, objects embedding Human Machine Interaction (HMI), such as mobile devices and, increasingly, connected vehicles, home appliances, urban interactive infrastructures, etc., may not only be conceived as sources of sensor information, but, through interaction with their users, they can also produce highly valuable context-aware human-generated observations. We believe that the great promise offered by combining and sharing all of the different sources of information available can be realized through the integration of HMI and Semantic Sensor Web technologies. This paper presents a technological framework that harmonizes two of the most influential HMI and Sensor Web initiatives: the W3C's Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces (MMI) and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) with its semantic extension, respectively. Although the proposed framework is general enough to be applied in a variety of connected objects integrating HMI, a particular development is presented for a connected car scenario where drivers' observations about the traffic or their environment are shared across the Semantic Sensor Web. For implementation and evaluation purposes an on-board OSGi (Open Services Gateway Initiative) architecture was built, integrating several available HMI, Sensor Web and Semantic Web technologies. A technical performance test and a conceptual validation of the scenario with potential users are reported, with results suggesting the approach is sound.

Siguenza, Alvaro; Diaz-Pardo, David; Bernat, Jesus; Vancea, Vasile; Blanco, Jose Luis; Conejero, David; Gomez, Luis Hernandez

2012-01-01

53

A resource-oriented architecture for a Geospatial Web  

Science.gov (United States)

In this presentation we discuss some architectural issues on the design of an architecture for a Geospatial Web, that is an information system for sharing geospatial resources according to the Web paradigm. The success of the Web in building a multi-purpose information space, has raised questions about the possibility of adopting the same approach for systems dedicated to the sharing of more specific resources, such as the geospatial information, that is information characterized by spatial/temporal reference. To this aim an investigation on the nature of the Web and on the validity of its paradigm for geospatial resources is required. The Web was born in the early 90's to provide "a shared information space through which people and machines could communicate" [Berners-Lee 1996]. It was originally built around a small set of specifications (e.g. URI, HTTP, HTML, etc.); however, in the last two decades several other technologies and specifications have been introduced in order to extend its capabilities. Most of them (e.g. the SOAP family) actually aimed to transform the Web in a generic Distributed Computing Infrastructure. While these efforts were definitely successful enabling the adoption of service-oriented approaches for machine-to-machine interactions supporting complex business processes (e.g. for e-Government and e-Business applications), they do not fit in the original concept of the Web. In the year 2000, R. T. Fielding, one of the designers of the original Web specifications, proposes a new architectural style for distributed systems, called REST (Representational State Transfer), aiming to capture the fundamental characteristics of the Web as it was originally conceived [Fielding 2000]. In this view, the nature of the Web lies not so much in the technologies, as in the way they are used. Maintaining the Web architecture conform to the REST style would then assure the scalability, extensibility and low entry barrier of the original Web. On the contrary, systems using the same Web technologies and specifications but according to a different architectural style, despite their usefulness, should not be considered part of the Web. If the REST style captures the significant Web characteristics, then, in order to build a Geospatial Web it is necessary that its architecture satisfies all the REST constraints. One of them is of particular importance: the adoption of a Uniform Interface. It prescribes that all the geospatial resources must be accessed through the same interface; moreover according to the REST style this interface must satisfy four further constraints: a) identification of resources; b) manipulation of resources through representations; c) self-descriptive messages; and, d) hypermedia as the engine of application state. In the Web, the uniform interface provides basic operations which are meaningful for generic resources. They typically implement the CRUD pattern (Create-Retrieve-Update-Delete) which demonstrated to be flexible and powerful in several general-purpose contexts (e.g. filesystem management, SQL for database management systems, etc.). Restricting the scope to a subset of resources it would be possible to identify other generic actions which are meaningful for all of them. For example for geospatial resources, subsetting, resampling, interpolation and coordinate reference systems transformations functionalities are candidate functionalities for a uniform interface. However an investigation is needed to clarify the semantics of those actions for different resources, and consequently if they can really ascend the role of generic interface operation. Concerning the point a), (identification of resources), it is required that every resource addressable in the Geospatial Web has its own identifier (e.g. a URI). This allows to implement citation and re-use of resources, simply providing the URI. OPeNDAP and KVP encodings of OGC data access services specifications might provide a basis for it. Concerning point b) (manipulation of resources through representations), the Geospatial Web pose

Mazzetti, Paolo; Nativi, Stefano

2010-05-01

54

A Hybrid Architecture for Implementing Efficient Geospatial Web Services: Integrating .Net Remoting and Web Services Technologies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Open GIS Consortium (OGC) Geospatial Web services have been introduced to overcome spatial non-interoperability problem associated with most geospatial processing systems. Although OGC geospatial Web services provide interoperability among heterogeneous geospatial processing systems, in some cases they can not provide required performance and efficiency. This study proposes a hybrid architecture which can efficiently provide interoperability and high performance for transferring geospatial da...

Pouria Amirian; Ali Alesheikh

2008-01-01

55

A web-based architecture for a medical vocabulary server.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

For health care providers to share computing resources and medical application programs across different sites, those applications must share a common medical vocabulary. To construct a common vocabulary, researchers must have an architecture that supports collaborative, networked development. In this paper, we present a web-based server architecture for the collaborative development of a medical vocabulary: a system that provides network services in support of medical applications that need ...

Gennari, J. H.; Oliver, D. E.; Pratt, W.; Rice, J.; Musen, M. A.

1995-01-01

56

An Open Distributed Architecture for Sensor Networks for Risk Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sensors provide some of the basic input data for risk management of natural andman-made hazards. Here the word ‘sensors’ covers everything from remote sensingsatellites, providing invaluable images of large regions, through instruments installed on theEarth’s surface to instruments situated in deep boreholes and on the sea floor, providinghighly-detailed point-based information from single sites. Data from such sensors is used inall stages of risk management, from hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment in the preeventphase, information to provide on-site help during the crisis phase through to data toaid in recovery following an event. Because data from sensors play such an important part inimproving understanding of the causes of risk and consequently in its mitigation,considerable investment has been made in the construction and maintenance of highlysophisticatedsensor networks. In spite of the ubiquitous need for information from sensornetworks, the use of such data is hampered in many ways. Firstly, information about thepresence and capabilities of sensor networks operating in a region is difficult to obtain dueto a lack of easily available and usable meta-information. Secondly, once sensor networkshave been identified their data it is often difficult to access due to a lack of interoperability between dissemination and acquisition systems. Thirdly, the transfer and processing ofinformation from sensors is limited, again by incompatibilities between systems. Therefore,the current situation leads to a lack of efficiency and limited use of the available data thathas an important role to play in risk mitigation. In view of this situation, the EuropeanCommission (EC is funding a number of Integrated Projects within the Sixth FrameworkProgramme concerned with improving the accessibility of data and services for riskmanagement. Two of these projects: ‘Open Architecture and Spatial Data Infrastructure forRisk Management’ (ORCHESTRA, http://www.eu-orchestra.org/ and ‘Sensors Anywhere’(SANY, http://sany-ip.eu/ are discussed in this article. These projects have developed anopen distributed information technology architecture and have implemented web servicesfor the accessing and using data emanating, for example, from sensor networks. Thesedevelopments are based on existing data and service standards proposed by internationalorganizations. The projects seek to develop the ideals of the EC directive INSPIRE(http://inspire.jrc.it, which was launched in 2001 and whose implementation began this year(2007, into the risk management domain. Thanks to the open nature of the architecture andservices being developed within these projects, they can be implemented by any interestedparty and can be accessed by all potential users. The architecture is based around a serviceorientedapproach that makes use of Internet-based applications (web services whose inputsand outputs conform to standards. The benefit of this philosophy is that it is expected tofavor the emergence of an operational market for risk management services in Europe, iteliminates the need to replace or radically alter the hundreds of already operational ITsystems in Europe (drastically lowering costs for users, and it allows users and stakeholdersto achieve interoperability while using the system most adequate to their needs, budgets,culture etc. (i.e. it has flexibility.

Ralf Denzer

2008-03-01

57

A Prototype Land Information Sensor Web: Design, Implementation and Implication for the SMAP Mission  

Science.gov (United States)

Land Surface Model (LSM) predictions are regular in time and space, but these predictions are influenced by errors in model structure, input variables, parameters and inadequate treatment of sub-grid scale spatial variability. Consequently, LSM predictions are significantly improved through observation constraints made in a data assimilation framework. Several multi-sensor satellites are currently operating which provide multiple global observations of the land surface, and its related near-atmospheric properties. However, these observations are not optimal for addressing current and future land surface environmental problems. To meet future earth system science challenges, NASA will develop constellations of smart satellites in sensor web configurations which provide timely on-demand data and analysis to users, and can be reconfigured based on the changing needs of science and available technology. A sensor web is more than a collection of satellite sensors. That means a sensor web is a system composed of multiple platforms interconnected by a communication network for the purpose of performing specific observations and processing data required to support specific science goals. Sensor webs can eclipse the value of disparate sensor components by reducing response time and increasing scientific value, especially when the two-way interaction between the model and the sensor web is enabled. The study of a prototype Land Information Sensor Web (LISW) is sponsored by NASA, trying to integrate the Land Information System (LIS) in a sensor web framework which allows for optimal 2-way information flow that enhances land surface modeling using sensor web observations, and in turn allows sensor web reconfiguration to minimize overall system uncertainty. This prototype is based on a simulated interactive sensor web, which is then used to exercise and optimize the sensor web modeling interfaces. The Land Information Sensor Web Service-Oriented Architecture (LISW-SOA) has been developed and it is the very first sensor web framework developed especially for the land surface studies. Synthetic experiments based on the LISW-SOA and the virtual sensor web provide a controlled environment in which to examine the end-to-end performance of the prototype, the impact of various sensor web design trade-offs and the eventual value of sensor webs for a particular prediction or decision support. In this paper, the design, implementation of the LISW-SOA and the implication for the Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission is presented. Particular attention is focused on examining the relationship between the economic investment on a sensor web (space and air borne, ground based) and the accuracy of the model predicted soil moisture, which can be achieved by using such sensor observations. The Study of Virtual Land Information Sensor Web (LISW) is expected to provide some necessary a priori knowledge for designing and deploying the next generation Global Earth Observing System of systems (GEOSS).

Su, H.; Houser, P.; Tian, Y.; Geiger, J. K.; Kumar, S. V.; Gates, L.

2009-12-01

58

A Survey of Sensor Web Services for the Smart Grid  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The broad use ofWireless Sensor Networks (WSN) in various fields have resulted in growing demand for advanced data collection and querying mechanisms embedded in the sensor node. Sensor Web Services (SWS) have recently emerged as a promising tool to enable external machines to have access to the information collected by public sensor webs. Machine-to-machine interactions or wireless sensor and actor networks can take advantage of this platform-independent technology to develop diverse smart g...

Omar Asad; Melike Erol-Kantarci; Mouftah, Hussein T.

2013-01-01

59

A Hybrid Architecture for Implementing Efficient Geospatial Web Services: Integrating .Net Remoting and Web Services Technologies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Open GIS Consortium (OGC Geospatial Web services have been introduced to overcome spatial non-interoperability problem associated with most geospatial processing systems. Although OGC geospatial Web services provide interoperability among heterogeneous geospatial processing systems, in some cases they can not provide required performance and efficiency. This study proposes a hybrid architecture which can efficiently provide interoperability and high performance for transferring geospatial data. It is suggested that making use of Web services technologies for implementing OGC geospatial Web services would significantly facilitate sharing geospatial data in heterogeneous environments like Web. In addition, making use of a proprietary and platform-dependant technologies can provide best performance and efficiency in homogeneous environments like an internal network. In this context, design and development of an OGC geospatial Web service using hybrid architecture of Web services Technologies and .NET Remoting technology (as proprietary and .NET specific technology is described. Based on our evaluations and practical tests, the hybrid architecture proved to be an efficient solution for development of geospatial Web services.

Pouria Amirian

2008-01-01

60

Electrochemical Biosensors - Sensor Principles and Architectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Quantification of biological or biochemical processes are of utmost importancefor medical, biological and biotechnological applications. However, converting the biologicalinformation to an easily processed electronic signal is challenging due to the complexity ofconnecting an electronic device directly to a biological environment. Electrochemical biosensorsprovide an attractive means to analyze the content of a biological sample due to thedirect conversion of a biological event to an electronic signal. Over the past decades severalsensing concepts and related devices have been developed. In this review, the most commontraditional techniques, such as cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, chronopotentiometry,impedance spectroscopy, and various field-effect transistor based methods are presented alongwith selected promising novel approaches, such as nanowire or magnetic nanoparticle-basedbiosensing. Additional measurement techniques, which have been shown useful in combinationwith electrochemical detection, are also summarized, such as the electrochemical versionsof surface plasmon resonance, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, ellipsometry,quartz crystal microbalance, and scanning probe microscopy.The signal transduction and the general performance of electrochemical sensors are often determinedby the surface architectures that connect the sensing element to the biological sampleat the nanometer scale. The most common surface modification techniques, the various electrochemicaltransduction mechanisms, and the choice of the recognition receptor moleculesall influence the ultimate sensitivity of the sensor. New nanotechnology-based approaches,such as the use of engineered ion-channels in lipid bilayers, the encapsulation of enzymesinto vesicles, polymersomes, or polyelectrolyte capsules provide additional possibilities forsignal amplification.In particular, this review highlights the importance of the precise control over the delicateinterplay between surface nano-architectures, surface functionalization and the chosen sensortransducer principle, as well as the usefulness of complementary characterization tools tointerpret and to optimize the sensor response.

Erik Reimhult

2008-03-01

 
 
 
 
61

Sensor-web Operations Explorer (SOX)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sensor-web Operations Explorer (SOX) is a research task under the Advanced Information Systems Technology project of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The objective of SOX is to develop an integrated software infrastructure (combining air-quality observations with models and data- assimilation tools) that permits a focused analysis of the chemical state and that can adapt to meteorological and chemical "events" over daily time scales. Processes governing the distribution and evolution of trace gases and aerosols have a profound impact on air quality and climate. Trace gases and aerosols do not only affect air quality, but they may also impact regional and global climate through longer-lived greenhouse gases, e.g., O3, CO2, and CH4 Aerosols can have a net cooling or heating effect depending on their type and vertical distribution. The quantification of these processes requires an integrated approach that combines observations from satellites, aircraft, sondes, and surface measurements with chemistry and transport models acting on both regional and global scales. The integrated observation is approached in two modes, an exploratory observation mode and a targeted observation mode. Currently, the exploratory observation mode is fully supported by the SOX on-line service employing a concept-design and an observing system simulation experiments (OSSE) framework. The exploration process needs to be iterated for maturation of a complex sensor-web operation scenario design. For the targeted observation mode, a 4D-variational adjoint framework is being developed in collaboration with the Global Earth Observation System for Chemistry (GEOS-Chem) research teams at Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Havard University. In addition to remote sensing, advances in global chemistry and transport models (along with 4-D variational assimilation techniques) provide powerful tools for the development of sensor webs that could, in principle, be deployed at operational time scales to provide up-to-date information on air pollution useful for decision support as well as enhanced scientific return. The integrated campaign plan describes the assets used in a sensor web along with the assimilation and modeling technologies that combine these assets. Currently, the SOX system can support OSSEs for air-borne sensors and for space-borne sensors (in low- Earth orbit (LEO) and geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO)). The SOX system supports integrated air-quality campaigns involving both space-borne and air-borne sensors by forecasting the influence of current observations over the entire globe at multiple atmospheric layers and by analyzing the maximum impact zone. In the future, the SOX system will complete the development extending the OSSE services to include in-situ sensors that track surface emissions. The SOX technologies are being infused to several mission concept studies including the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) and the Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEOCAPE), part of theTier-1 and Tier-2 missions recommended by the NRC decadal survey. This paper will present technical approaches and implementation details to achieve these successful technology infusions.

Lee, M.; Weidner, R.; Bowman, K.; Sandu, A.; Singh, K.

2008-12-01

62

Resource-oriented architecture patterns for webs of data  

CERN Document Server

The surge of interest in the REpresentational State Transfer (REST) architectural style, the Semantic Web, and Linked Data has resulted in the development of innovative, flexible, and powerful systems that embrace one or more of these compatible technologies. However, most developers, architects, Information Technology managers, and platform owners have only been exposed to the basics of resource-oriented architectures. This book is an attempt to catalog and elucidate several reusable solutions that have been seen in the wild in the now increasingly familiar ""patterns book"" style. These are

Sletten, Brian

2013-01-01

63

A Web-based Architecture Enabling Multichannel Telemedicine Applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Telemedicine scenarios include today in-hospital care management, remote teleconsulting, collaborative diagnosis and emergency situations handling. Different types of information need to be accessed by means of etherogeneous client devices in different communication environments in order to enable high quality continuous sanitary assistance delivery wherever and whenever needed. In this paper, a Web-based telemedicine architecture based on Java, XML and XSL technologies is presented. By provi...

Fabrizio Lamberti; Bartolomeo Montrucchio; Andrea Sanna; Claudio Zunino

2003-01-01

64

Web Service Architecture for a Meta Search Engine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the rapid advancements in Information Technology, Information Retrieval on Internet is gaining its importance day by day. Nowadays there are millions of Websites and billions of homepages available on the Internet. Search Engines are the essential tools for the purpose of retrieving the required information from the Web. But the existing search engines have many problems such as not having wide scope, imbalance in accessing the sites etc. So, the effectiveness of a search engine plays a vital role. Meta search engines are such systems that can provide effective information by accessing multiple existing search engines such as Dog Pile, Meta Crawler etc, but most of them cannot successfully operate on heterogeneous and fully dynamic web environment. In this paper we propose a Web Service Architecture for Meta Search Engine to cater the need of heterogeneous and dynamic web environment. The objective of our proposal is to exploit most of the features offered by Web Services through the implementation of a Web Service Meta Search Engine.

K.Srinivas

2011-10-01

65

Novel architecture for measurements in resistive MEMS sensors  

Science.gov (United States)

A low voltage, low power, resistive sensor architecture is proposed in this paper. The architecture is novel as it enhances the sensitivity along the main axis as well as reducing the impact of cross axes components. The proposed scheme also allows the simultaneous measurement of sensitivity along six different axes. With less than 15% of the power of its Wheatstone bridge [1] counterpart and with a voltage level as low as 2.25 V, this architecture also enables the realization of the sensor using fewer resistive elements. The modified sensor structure, along with the front-end signal processing circuit, is discussed.

Nandi, Prajit; Biswas, Riju; Sundar Dhar, Anindya; Das, Soumen

2014-05-01

66

Technology System Architecture for Web–Based Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper a new architecture for development of Web–Based Education systems is presented. The se systems are centered in the learner and adapted to their personals needs in intelligent form. The architecture is based on the IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology System Architecture specification and it assembles to software development and instructional design patterns. On the one hand, the software development pattern is supported under a Multi–Agents System, it employs the methods and technical of the Domain Engineering for development of IRLCOO (Intelligent Reusable Learning Components Object Oriented. IRLCOO are a special type of Sharable Content Object according to SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model. On the other hand, the instructional design pattern incorporates a mental model as the Conceptual Maps to transmit, build and generate appropriate knowledge to this educational environment type.

A. Canales–Cruz

2009-04-01

67

A reference web architecture and patterns for real-time visual analytics on large streaming data  

Science.gov (United States)

Monitoring and analysis of streaming data, such as social media, sensors, and news feeds, has become increasingly important for business and government. The volume and velocity of incoming data are key challenges. To effectively support monitoring and analysis, statistical and visual analytics techniques need to be seamlessly integrated; analytic techniques for a variety of data types (e.g., text, numerical) and scope (e.g., incremental, rolling-window, global) must be properly accommodated; interaction, collaboration, and coordination among several visualizations must be supported in an efficient manner; and the system should support the use of different analytics techniques in a pluggable manner. Especially in web-based environments, these requirements pose restrictions on the basic visual analytics architecture for streaming data. In this paper we report on our experience of building a reference web architecture for real-time visual analytics of streaming data, identify and discuss architectural patterns that address these challenges, and report on applying the reference architecture for real-time Twitter monitoring and analysis.

Kandogan, Eser; Soroker, Danny; Rohall, Steven; Bak, Peter; van Ham, Frank; Lu, Jie; Ship, Harold-Jeffrey; Wang, Chun-Fu; Lai, Jennifer

2013-12-01

68

Architecture for large-scale automatic web accessibility evaluation based on the UWEM methodology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The European Internet Accessibility project (EIAO) has developed an Observatory for performing large scale automatic web accessibility evaluations of public sector web sites in Europe. The architecture includes a distributed web crawler that crawls web sites for links until either a given budget of web pages have been identified or the web site has been crawled exhaustively. Subsequently, a uniform random subset of the crawled web pages is sampled and sent for accessibility evaluation and the...

2008-01-01

69

Enhanced Architecture of a Web Warehouse based on Quality Evaluation Framework to Incorporate Quality Aspects in Web Warehouse Creation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the recent years, it has been observed that World Wide Web (www became a vast source of information explosion about all areas of interest. Relevant information retrieval is difficult from the web space as there is no universal configuration and organization of the web data. Taking the advantage of data warehouse functionality and integrating it with the web to retrieve relevant data is the core concept of web warehouse. It is a repository that store relevant web data for business decision making. The basic function of web warehouse is to collect and store the information for analysis of users. The quality of web warehouse data affects a lot on data analysis. To enhance the quality of decision making different quality dimensions must be incorporated in web warehouse architecture. In this paper enhanced web warehouse architecture is proposed and discussed. The enhancement in the existing architecture is based on the quality evaluation framework. The enhanced architecture adds three layers in existing architecture to insure quality at various phases of web warehouse system creation. The source assessment, query evaluation and data quality layers enhance the quality of data store in web warehouse.

Umm-e-Mariya Shah

2011-01-01

70

A Wireless Sensor Network Architecture for Diversiform Deployment Environments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Network architecture is the foundation of network system. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are always concentrated some key technologies under specific applications, and some prototype systems are developed according to specific applications of environments, but the research on WSN...

Linfeng Liu

2011-01-01

71

An Architecture for “Web of Things” Using SOCKS Protocol Based IPv6/IPv4 Gatewaying for Heterogeneous Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web of Things” evolved from “Internet of Things”. Lot of research has been done in designing architecture for “Web of Things”. Two main architectures are Smart gateway based architecture and embedded Web Server based architectture. These architectures address some of the basic and essential issues relating to Service Oriented Architecture for “Web of Things”. Taking into consideration the period of coexistence of IPv4 and IPv6 we propose an architecture using SOCKS protocol b...

Patnaikuni, P. Shrinivasan R.; Kulkarni, Raj B.

2012-01-01

72

Sensor Webs as Virtual Data Systems for Earth Science  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Earth Science Technology Office established a 3-year Advanced Information Systems Technology (AIST) development program in late 2006 to explore the technical challenges associated with integrating sensors, sensor networks, data assimilation and modeling components into virtual data systems called "sensor webs". The AIST sensor web program was initiated in response to a renewed emphasis on the sensor web concepts. In 2004, NASA proposed an Earth science vision for a more robust Earth observing system, coupled with remote sensing data analysis tools and advances in Earth system models. The AIST program is conducting the research and developing components to explore the technology infrastructure that will enable the visionary goals. A working statement for a NASA Earth science sensor web vision is the following: On-demand sensing of a broad array of environmental and ecological phenomena across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales, from a heterogeneous suite of sensors both in-situ and in orbit. Sensor webs will be dynamically organized to collect data, extract information from it, accept input from other sensor / forecast / tasking systems, interact with the environment based on what they detect or are tasked to perform, and communicate observations and results in real time. The focus on sensor webs is to develop the technology and prototypes to demonstrate the evolving sensor web capabilities. There are 35 AIST projects ranging from 1 to 3 years in duration addressing various aspects of sensor webs involving space sensors such as Earth Observing-1, in situ sensor networks such as the southern California earthquake network, and various modeling and forecasting systems. Some of these projects build on proof-of-concept demonstrations of sensor web capabilities like the EO-1 rapid fire response initially implemented in 2003. Other projects simulate future sensor web configurations to evaluate the effectiveness of sensor-model interactions for producing improved science predictions. Still other projects are maturing technology to support autonomous operations, communications and system interoperability. This paper will highlight lessons learned by various projects during the first half of the AIST program. Several sensor web demonstrations have been implemented and resulting experience with evolving standards, such as the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) among others, will be featured. The role of sensor webs in support of the intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations' Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) will also be discussed. The GEOSS vision is a distributed system of systems that builds on international components to supply observing and processing systems that are, in the whole, comprehensive, coordinated and sustained. Sensor web prototypes are under development to demonstrate how remote sensing satellite data, in situ sensor networks and decision support systems collaborate in applications of interest to GEO, such as flood monitoring. Furthermore, the international Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) has stepped up to the challenge to provide the space-based systems component for GEOSS. CEOS has proposed "virtual constellations" to address emerging data gaps in environmental monitoring, avoid overlap among observing systems, and make maximum use of existing space and ground assets. Exploratory applications that support the objectives of virtual constellations will also be discussed as a future role for sensor webs.

Moe, K. L.; Sherwood, R.

2008-05-01

73

SSWAP: A Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol for semantic web services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background SSWAP (Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol; pronounced "swap" is an architecture, protocol, and platform for using reasoning to semantically integrate heterogeneous disparate data and services on the web. SSWAP was developed as a hybrid semantic web services technology to overcome limitations found in both pure web service technologies and pure semantic web technologies. Results There are currently over 2400 resources published in SSWAP. Approximately two dozen are custom-written services for QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci and mapping data for legumes and grasses (grains. The remaining are wrappers to Nucleic Acids Research Database and Web Server entries. As an architecture, SSWAP establishes how clients (users of data, services, and ontologies, providers (suppliers of data, services, and ontologies, and discovery servers (semantic search engines interact to allow for the description, querying, discovery, invocation, and response of semantic web services. As a protocol, SSWAP provides the vocabulary and semantics to allow clients, providers, and discovery servers to engage in semantic web services. The protocol is based on the W3C-sanctioned first-order description logic language OWL DL. As an open source platform, a discovery server running at http://sswap.info (as in to "swap info" uses the description logic reasoner Pellet to integrate semantic resources. The platform hosts an interactive guide to the protocol at http://sswap.info/protocol.jsp, developer tools at http://sswap.info/developer.jsp, and a portal to third-party ontologies at http://sswapmeet.sswap.info (a "swap meet". Conclusion SSWAP addresses the three basic requirements of a semantic web services architecture (i.e., a common syntax, shared semantic, and semantic discovery while addressing three technology limitations common in distributed service systems: i.e., i the fatal mutability of traditional interfaces, ii the rigidity and fragility of static subsumption hierarchies, and iii the confounding of content, structure, and presentation. SSWAP is novel by establishing the concept of a canonical yet mutable OWL DL graph that allows data and service providers to describe their resources, to allow discovery servers to offer semantically rich search engines, to allow clients to discover and invoke those resources, and to allow providers to respond with semantically tagged data. SSWAP allows for a mix-and-match of terms from both new and legacy third-party ontologies in these graphs.

Town Christopher D

2009-09-01

74

Service-Oriented Architectures and Web Services: Course Tutorial Notes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This document presents a number of quick-step instructions to get started on writing mini-service-oriented web services-based applications using NetBeans 6.9.1, Tomcat 6, GlassFish 3.0.1, and Java 1.6 primarily in Scientific Linux 5.6 with user quota restrictions. While the tutorial notes are oriented towards the students taking the SOEN691A courses on service-oriented architectures (SOA) at Computer Science and Software Engineering (CSE) Department, Faculty of Engineering a...

Mokhov, Serguei A.; Chen, Min; Yan, Yuhong

2009-01-01

75

Review of Wireless Sensor Networks- Architecture and Applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are currently receiving significant attention due to their unlimited potential. A wireless sensor network is a collection of nodes organized into a cooperative network. Each node consists of processing capability. In this Paper, I Concentrate on Architecture and the applications of Wireless SensorNetworks .I have also mentioned future scope of WSN. The network must possess self-organizing capabilities since thepositions of individual nodes are not predetermined.

2011-01-01

76

Review of Wireless Sensor Networks- Architecture and Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless sensor networks (WSN are currently receiving significant attention due to their unlimited potential. A wireless sensor network is a collection of nodes organized into a cooperative network. Each node consists of processing capability. In this Paper, I Concentrate on Architecture and the applications of Wireless SensorNetworks .I have also mentioned future scope of WSN. The network must possess self-organizing capabilities since thepositions of individual nodes are not predetermined.

Mr. Kuntal Saroha

2011-05-01

77

Securing Wireless Sensor Networks: Security Architectures  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Wireless sensor networking remains one of the most exciting and challenging research domains of our time. As technology progresses, so do the capabilities of sensor networks. Limited only by what can be technologically sensed, it is envisaged that wireless sensor networks will play an important part in our daily lives in the...

David Boyle; Thomas Newe

2008-01-01

78

Environmental Studies with the Sensor Web: Principles and Practice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In 1997, the Sensor Web was conceived at the NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)to take advantage of the increasingly inexpensive, yet sophisticated, mass consumer-marketchips for the computer and telecommunication industries and use them to create platforms thatshare information among themselves and act in concert as a single instrument. This instrumentwould be embedded into an environment to monitor and even control it. The Sensor Web’spurpose is to extract knowledge from the ...

2005-01-01

79

A SURVEY ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ARCHITECTURE, PROTOCOLS AND APPLICATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we survey the current state of the art in wireless sensor network which has been gaining interest platform that changes how we interact with the physical world. Today, researchers and practitioners utilize low power nodes composed of wireless radios, sensors and computing elements for a variety of applications in medicine military, biology, manufacturing, etc. Most of wireless sensor networks use off-the-shelf commodity based micro-controllers, through the energy consumption of these systems can limit the effective lifetimes of the wireless sensor network nodes. We provide a discussion on the definition of wireless sensor network, design architecture, issues in various protocols and various applications of wireless sensor network. Keywords- Wireless Sensor Networks, local storage, alternative routing

Dr. M. Lilly Florence

2011-08-01

80

A SURVEY ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ARCHITECTURE, PROTOCOLS AND APPLICATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we survey the current state of the art in wireless sensor network which has been gaining interest platform that changes how we interact with the physical world. Today, researchers and practitioners utilize low power nodes composed of wireless radios, sensors and computing elements for a variety of applications in medicine military, biology, manufacturing, etc. Most of wireless sensor networks use off-the-shelf commodity based microcontrollers, through the energy consumption of these systems can limit the effective lifetimes of the wireless sensor network nodes. We provide a discussion on the definition of wireless sensor network, design architecture, issues in various protocols and various applications of wireless sensor network. Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, local storage, alternative routing

Dr. M. Lilly Florence

2011-08-01

 
 
 
 
81

Low data rate architecture for smart image sensor  

Science.gov (United States)

An innovative smart image sensor architecture based on event-driven asynchronous functioning is presented in this paper. The proposed architecture has been designed in order to control the sensor data flow by extracting only the relevant information from the image sensor and performing spatial and temporal redundancies suppression in video streaming. We believe that this data flow reduction leads to a system power consumption reduction which is essential in mobile devices. In this first proposition, we present our new pixel behaviour as well as our new asynchronous read-out architecture. Simulations using both Matlab and VHDL were performed in order to validate the proposed pixel behaviour and the reading protocol. These simulations results have met our expectations and confirmed the suggested ideas.

Darwish, Amani; Sicard, Gilles; Fesquet, Laurent

2014-03-01

82

Underwater Sensor Networks: A New Energy Efficient and Robust Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The specific characteristics of underwater environments introduce new challenges for networking protocols. In this paper, a specialized architecture for underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) is proposed and evaluated. Experiments are conducted in order to analyze the suitability of this protocol for the subaquatic transmission medium. Moreover, different scheduling techniques are applied to the architecture in order to study their performance. In addition, given the harsh conditions of the under...

2012-01-01

83

MULTIHOMING ARCHITECTURE USED IN ATTACKING MAIL AND WEB SERVERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the bandwidth is going cheaper and Web is increased rapidly, the number of the computer attached with world wide network is increasing dramatically. Multihoming is involved greatly in spreading information all over the world in no time. Multihoming is also going to cost a huge lose of bandwidth since much of information is traveled by the network either have no use, or repeated or virus codes. Much information is gone to be lost, when machine is get to be either cleaned or get to be formatted. In net shell, such information consumed lot of capabilities network and available bandwidth just for nothing. Here we have tired to show evidence on basis of real incident which we faced at our organization. Keyword: Distributed Multihoming Attack, bandwidth, Distributer Attacker, DDOS, Email Flooding, Multihoming Architecture.

Rakesh Dube

2011-06-01

84

Architecture and Methods for Innovative Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network Applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nowadays wireless sensor netwoks (WSN) technology, wireless communications and digital electronics have made it realistic to produce a large scale miniaturized devices integrating sensing, processing and communication capabilities. The focus of this paper is to present an innovative mobile platform for heterogeneous sensor networks, combined with adaptive methods to optimize the communication architecture for novel potential applications in multimedia and entertainment. In fact, in the near f...

Pedro Antonio; Francesco Grimaccia; Marco Mussetta

2012-01-01

85

ARPENTEUR:A WEB-BASED PHOTOGRAMMETRY TOOL FOR
ARCHITECTURAL MODELING
 

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

ARPENTEUR (as Architectural PhotogrammEtry Network Tool for EdUcation and Research) is a web application fordigital photogrammetry mainly dedicated to architecture. ARPENTEUR has been developed since 1998 by two French research teams: the "Photogrammetry and Geomatics" group of ENSAIS-LERGEC's laboratory (Strasbourg, France) and the MAP-gamsau CNRS laboratory located in the school of Architecture of Marseille (France). The software package is a Web based tool since photogrammetric conce...

Drap, Pierre; Grussenmeyer, Pierre

2001-01-01

86

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN): Architectural Design issues and Challenges  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Wireless sensor network (WSN) is an infrastructure less, low cost, dynamic topology, appplication oriented, multihoping network design with small, low power, sensing wireless distributed nods. WSN designing become more complex due to characterstics of deploying nodes, security, authentication and its operation scenario. This paper presents an analytical view on WSN architecture design issues, its objectives andimplementation challenges.

2010-01-01

87

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN: Architectural Design issues and Challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless sensor network (WSN is an infrastructure less, low cost, dynamic topology, appplication oriented, multihoping network design with small, low power, sensing wireless distributed nods. WSN designing become more complex due to characterstics of deploying nodes, security, authentication and its operation scenario. This paper presents an analytical view on WSN architecture design issues, its objectives andimplementation challenges.

Ajay Jangra

2010-12-01

88

A sensor architecture for neutrino telescopes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the Mediterranean Sea the ANTARES telescope is operating since 2006. Building on the success of this telescope and on the experiences of the DUMAND, IceCube, NEMO and NESTOR projects, a design for a new generation deep-sea neutrino telescope has been developed, which relies on the paradigm of the neutrino telescope as a giant sensor. Slender flexible strings with optical sensors form the basic building blocks for the telescope. The sensor concept has been implemented using photonic technologies for readout, data acquisition and communication, which allow for migration of functionalities from the deep-sea to the shore. This is one of the detector designs options developed during the EU funded KM3NeT Design Study. We will present its concept and implications for the detector as a whole.

2011-01-11

89

Cryosphere Sensor Webs With The Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment  

Science.gov (United States)

Autonomous sensor-webs are being deployed as part of the Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment [1], whereby observations using the Hyperion instrument [2] on-board Earth Observing-1 (EO-1 are triggered by either ground sensors or by near-real-time analysis of data from other space-based sensors. In the realm of cryosphere monitoring, one sensor-web has been set up pairing EO-1 with a sensor buoy [3] deployed in Sparkling Lake, one of several lakes in northern Wisconsin monitored by University of Wisconsin's Trout Lake Station. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier was trained on historical thermistor chain data with manually recorded ice-in and ice-out times and used to trigger Hyperion observations of the Trout Lake area during spring thaw and winter freeze in 2005. A second sensor-web is being developed using near-real time sea ice data products, based on Department of Defense meteorological satellites, available from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) [4]. Once operational, this sensor web will trigger Hyperion observations of pre-defined targets in the Arctic and Antarctic where regional resolution data shows sea ice formation or break up. [1] Chien et al. (2005), An autonomous earth-observing sensor-web, IEEE Intelligent Systems, [2] Pearlman et al. (2003), Hyperion, a space-based imaging spectrometer, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens., 41(6), [3] Kratz, T. et al. (in press) Toward a Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network, Proceedings of the Karelian Institute, [4] Cavalieri et al. (1999) Near real-time DMSP SSM/I daily polar gridded sea ice concentrations, National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital Media.

Scharenbroich, L.; Doggett, T.; Kratz, T.; Castano, R.; Chien, S.; Davies, A. G.; Tran, D.; Mazzoni, D.

2006-12-01

90

Environmental Studies with the Sensor Web: Principles and Practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 1997, the Sensor Web was conceived at the NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPLto take advantage of the increasingly inexpensive, yet sophisticated, mass consumer-marketchips for the computer and telecommunication industries and use them to create platforms thatshare information among themselves and act in concert as a single instrument. This instrumentwould be embedded into an environment to monitor and even control it. The Sensor Web’spurpose is to extract knowledge from the data it collects and use this information to intelligentlyreact and adapt to its surroundings. It links a remote end-user's cognizance with the observedenvironment. Here, we examine not only current progress in the Sensor Web technology, butalso its recent application to problems in hydrology to illustrate the general concepts involved.

Victor R. Baker

2005-02-01

91

Document distribution algorithm for load balancing on an extensible Web server architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Access latency and load balancing are the two main issues in the design of clustered Web server architecture for achieving high performance. We propose a novel document distribution algorithm for load balancing on a cluster of distributed Web servers. We group Web pages that are likely to be accessed during a request session into a migrating unit, which is used as the basic unit of document placement. A modified binning algorithm is developed to distribute the migrating units among the Web se...

2001-01-01

92

Architecture for Improving Terrestrial Logistics Based on the Web of Things  

Science.gov (United States)

Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM), in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. This paper presents how the Internet of Things is integrated for improving terrestrial logistics offering a comprehensive and flexible architecture, with high scalability, according to the specific needs for reaching an item-level continuous monitoring solution. The major contribution from this work is the optimization of the Embedded Web Services based on RESTful (Web of Things) for the access to TTM services at any time during the transportation of goods. Specifically, it has been extended the monitoring patterns such as observe and blockwise transfer for the requirements from the continuous conditional monitoring, and for the transfer of full inventories and partial ones based on conditional queries. In definitive, this work presents an evolution of the previous TTM solutions, which were limited to trailer identification and environment monitoring, to a solution which is able to provide an exhaustive item-level monitoring, required for several use cases. This exhaustive monitoring has required new communication capabilities through the Web of Things, which has been optimized with the use and improvement of a set of communications patterns.

Castro, Miguel; Jara, Antonio J.; Skarmeta, Antonio

2012-01-01

93

Secure, Mobile Visual Sensor Networks Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As Wireless Sensor Network-based solutions are proliferating they are facing new challenges: they must be capable of adapting to rapidly changing environments and requirements while their nodes should have low power consumption as they usually run on batteries. Moreover, the security aspect is crucial since they frequently transmit and process very sensitive data, while it is important to be able to support real-time video or processed images over their limited bandwidth links. SMART targets ...

Ladis, E.; Papaefstathio, I.; Marchesani, R.; Tuinenbreijer, K.; Langendo?rfer, Peter; Zahariadis, Theodore; Leligou, H. C.; Redondo, L.; Riesgo Alcaide, Teresa; Kannegiesser, P.; Berekovic, M.; Rijn, C. J. M.

2009-01-01

94

Scientific Workflows and the Sensor Web for Virtual Environmental Observatories  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual observatories mature from their original domain and become common practice for earth observation research and policy building. The term Virtual Observatory originally came from the astronomical research community. Here, virtual observatories provide universal access to the available astronomical data archives of space and ground-based observatories. Further on, as those virtual observatories aim at integrating heterogeneous ressources provided by a number of participating organizations, the virtual observatory acts as a coordinating entity that strives for common data analysis techniques and tools based on common standards. The Sensor Web is on its way to become one of the major virtual observatories outside of the astronomical research community. Like the original observatory that consists of a number of telescopes, each observing a specific part of the wave spectrum and with a collection of astronomical instruments, the Sensor Web provides a multi-eyes perspective on the current, past, as well as future situation of our planet and its surrounding spheres. The current view of the Sensor Web is that of a single worldwide collaborative, coherent, consistent and consolidated sensor data collection, fusion and distribution system. The Sensor Web can perform as an extensive monitoring and sensing system that provides timely, comprehensive, continuous and multi-mode observations. This technology is key to monitoring and understanding our natural environment, including key areas such as climate change, biodiversity, or natural disasters on local, regional, and global scales. The Sensor Web concept has been well established with ongoing global research and deployment of Sensor Web middleware and standards and represents the foundation layer of systems like the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The Sensor Web consists of a huge variety of physical and virtual sensors as well as observational data, made available on the Internet at standardized interfaces. All data sets and sensor communication follow well-defined abstract models and corresponding encodings, mostly developed by the OGC Sensor Web Enablement initiative. Scientific progress is currently accelerated by an emerging new concept called scientific workflows, which organize and manage complex distributed computations. A scientific workflow represents and records the highly complex processes that a domain scientist typically would follow in exploration, discovery and ultimately, transformation of raw data to publishable results. The challenge is now to integrate the benefits of scientific workflows with those provided by the Sensor Web in order to leverage all resources for scientific exploration, problem solving, and knowledge generation. Scientific workflows for the Sensor Web represent the next evolutionary step towards efficient, powerful, and flexible earth observation frameworks and platforms. Those platforms support the entire process from capturing data, sharing and integrating, to requesting additional observations. Multiple sites and organizations will participate on single platforms and scientists from different countries and organizations interact and contribute to large-scale research projects. Simultaneously, the data- and information overload becomes manageable, as multiple layers of abstraction will free scientists to deal with underlying data-, processing or storage peculiarities. The vision are automated investigation and discovery mechanisms that allow scientists to pose queries to the system, which in turn would identify potentially related resources, schedules processing tasks and assembles all parts in workflows that may satisfy the query.

Simonis, I.; Vahed, A.

2008-12-01

95

A HIERARCHICAL INTRUSION DETECTION ARCHITECTURE FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Networks protection against different types of attacks is one of most important posed issue into the network andinformation security application domains. This problem on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs, in attention to theirspecial properties, has more importance. Now, there are some of proposed architectures and guide lines to protectWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs against different types of intrusions; but any one of them do not has acomprehensive view to this problem and they are usually designed and implemented in single-purpose; but, theproposed design in this paper tries to has been a comprehensive view to this issue by presenting a complete andcomprehensive Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA. The main contribution of this architecture is its hierarchicalstructure; i.e., it is designed and applicable, in one or two levels, consistent to the application domain and itsrequired security level. Focus of this paper is on the clustering WSNs, designing and deploying Cluster-basedIntrusion Detection System (CIDS on cluster-heads and Wireless Sensor Network wide level Intrusion DetectionSystem (WSNIDS on the central server. Suppositions of the WSN and Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA are:static and heterogeneous network, hierarchical and clustering structure, clusters' overlapping and using hierarchicalrouting protocol such as LEACH, but along with minor changes. Finally, the proposed idea has been verified bydesigning a questionnaire, representing it to some (about 50 people experts and then, analyzing and evaluating itsacquired results.

Hossein Jadidoleslamy

2011-10-01

96

Video surveillance for sensor platforms algorithms and architectures  

CERN Document Server

This book introduces resource aware image decomposition, registration, fusion, object detection and tracking algorithms along with their applications in security, monitoring and integration in 3rd Generation Surveillance Systems.  All algorithms are evaluated through experimental and simulation results and a parallel and pipelined efficient architecture for implementing the algorithms is described. • Describes a new type of image processing algorithms that are suited for low power and low memory platforms such as wireless sensor networks or mobile devices; • Uses simulation and experimental results to evaluate algorithms presented; • Includes hardware architecture for critical components in the algorithms described.

Al Najjar, Mayssaa; Bayoumi, Magdy

2014-01-01

97

Underwater Sensor Networks: A New Energy Efficient and Robust Architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

The specific characteristics of underwater environments introduce new challenges for networking protocols. In this paper, a specialized architecture for underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) is proposed and evaluated. Experiments are conducted in order to analyze the suitability of this protocol for the subaquatic transmission medium. Moreover, different scheduling techniques are applied to the architecture in order to study their performance. In addition, given the harsh conditions of the underwater medium, different retransmission methods are combined with the scheduling techniques. Finally, simulation results illustrate the performance achievements of the proposed protocol in end-to-end delay, packet delivery ratio and energy consumption, showing that this protocol can be very suitable for the underwater medium.

Climent, Salvador; Capella, Juan Vicente; Meratnia, Nirvana; Serrano, Juan Jose

2012-01-01

98

Web Service Response Time Monitoring: Architecture and Validation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web services are used in many Web applications in order to save time and cost during software development process. To peruse Web service response time, a suitable tool is needed to automate the measurement of the response time. However, not many suitable tools are available for automatic measurement of response time. This research is carried out in the context of quality of Web services in order to measure and visualize Web service response time. The method proposed in this research for accom...

2012-01-01

99

An Architecture for Autonomic Web Service Process Planning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web service composition is a technology that has received considerable attention in the last number of years. Languages and tools to aid in the process of creating composite Web services have been received specific attention. Web service composition is the process of linking single Web services together in order to accomplish more complex tasks. One area of Web service composition that has not received as much attention is the area of dynamic error handling and re-planning, enabling autonomic...

Moore, Colm; Wang, Ming Xue; Pahl, Claus

2009-01-01

100

Combining FIPA Agents and Web Services for the Design of Tailorable Groupware Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper, we present a new groupware architectural model called UD3, which is based on the integration of web services technologies with software agents. The aim is to design a tailorable groupware architecture using the integration of both technologies, thus using properties of each while reinforcing their individual strengths. In fact, agent-oriented technology is claimed to become the next breakthrough in the development and implementation of large-scale complex systems, while Web ser...

Cheaib, Nader; Otmane, Samir; Mallem, Malik

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Service Oriented Architecture A Revolution For Comprehensive Web Based Project Management Software  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Service Oriented Architecture A Revolution for Project Management Software has changed the way projects today are moving on the fly with the help of web services booming the industry. Service oriented architecture improves performance and the communication between the distributed and remote teams. Web Services to Provide Project Management software the visibility and control of the application development lifecycle-giving a better control over the entire development process,...

Khan, Ahmad Raza; Khan, Rquaiya; Sontakke, Trimbak R.; Khonde, Shraddha R.; Wahul, Revati; Alam, Mahtab

2012-01-01

102

Comparison of the Rest Architectural Style with Soap in Implementation of Modern Web Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the most relevant steps in the development of an information system during implementation of web services is moving the existing program functionality onto the web. Although web services have been advancing together with software, implementation requires special attention. Accessible options allow organisations to search for alternatives that would suit their needs, i.e. would be cheaper and more effective as well as possibly easier and faster to implement. The paper aims to compare a standard method for creation of web services with another architectural style for implementation of web services, which is getting more widely used.Article in Lithuanian

K?stutis Stankevi?ius

2013-05-01

103

Semantic Web-Driven LMS Architecture towards a Holistic Learning Process Model Focused on Personalization  

Science.gov (United States)

A comprehensive presentation is here made on the modular architecture of an e-learning platform with a distinctive emphasis on content personalization, combining advantages from semantic web technology, collaborative filtering and recommendation systems. Modules of this architecture handle information about both the domain-specific didactic…

Kerkiri, Tania

2010-01-01

104

Web Service Response Time Monitoring: Architecture and Validation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web services are used in many Web applications in order to save time and cost during software development process. To peruse Web service response time, a suitable tool is needed to automate the measurement of the response time. However, not many suitable tools are available for automatic measurement of response time. This research is carried out in the context of quality of Web services in order to measure and visualize Web service response time. The method proposed in this research for accomplishing this goal is based on creating a proxy for connecting to the required Web service, and then calculating the Web services response time via the proxy. A software tool is designed based on the proposed method in order to guide the implementation that is still in progress. The tool can be validated through empirical validation using three test cases for three different Web service access situations.

Sara Abbaspour Asadollah

2012-09-01

105

Mediated data integration and transformation for web service-based software architectures  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Service-oriented architecture using XML-based web services has been widely accepted by many organisations as the standard infrastructure to integrate heterogeneous and autonomous data sources. As a result, many Web service providers are built up on top of the data sources to share the data by supporting provided and required interfaces and methods of data access in a unified manner. In the context of data integration, problems arise when Web services are assembled to deliver an integrated vie...

Zhu, Yaoling; Pahl, Claus

2006-01-01

106

Digital Architecture for a Trace Gas Sensor Platform  

Science.gov (United States)

A digital architecture has been implemented for a trace gas sensor platform, as a companion to standard analog control electronics, which accommodates optical absorption whose fractional absorbance equivalent would result in excess error if assumed to be linear. In cases where the absorption (1-transmission) is not equivalent to the fractional absorbance within a few percent error, it is necessary to accommodate the actual measured absorption while reporting the measured concentration of a target analyte with reasonable accuracy. This requires incorporation of programmable intelligence into the sensor platform so that flexible interpretation of the acquired data may be accomplished. Several different digital component architectures were tested and implemented. Commercial off-the-shelf digital electronics including data acquisition cards (DAQs), complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and microcontrollers have been used to achieve the desired outcome. The most completely integrated architecture achieved during the project used the CPLD along with a microcontroller. The CPLD provides the initial digital demodulation of the raw sensor signal, and then communicates over a parallel communications interface with a microcontroller. The microcontroller analyzes the digital signal from the CPLD, and applies a non-linear correction obtained through extensive data analysis at the various relevant EVA operating pressures. The microcontroller then presents the quantitatively accurate carbon dioxide partial pressure regardless of optical density. This technique could extend the linear dynamic range of typical absorption spectrometers, particularly those whose low end noise equivalent absorbance is below one-part-in-100,000. In the EVA application, it allows introduction of a path-length-enhancing architecture whose optical interference effects are well understood and quantified without sacrificing the dynamic range that allows quantitative detection at the higher carbon dioxide partial pressures. The digital components are compact and allow reasonably complete integration with separately developed analog control electronics without sacrificing size, mass, or power draw.

Gonzales, Paula; Casias, Miguel; Vakhtin, Andrei; Pilgrim, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

107

A Web Services based Approach for Resource-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The large diffusion of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs in our contemporary life with their numerous applications has led to a huge heterogeneity. This heterogeneity makes the possibility of discovering and collecting data from the wireless sensors more and more difficult. Indeed, WSNs are currently developed around different communities of sensor and user types, with each community typically relying on its own system, metadata semantics, data format and software. Therefore, the ability to discover and utilize a new sensor asset is typically hindered by incompatible services and encodings which can cause interoperability between different sensor nodes within the same WSN. Service-Oriented-Architecture (SOA is one of the key paradigms that enables the deployment of services at large-scale over the Internet domain and its integration with WSNs could open new pathways for novel applications and research. Despite the need to integrate SOA with WSNs, only handful efforts are underway to achieve the goal. In this paper, we tackle integration of SOA with WSNs by proposing a Lightweight Representational State Transfer (REST-based Web Services approach to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way.

Sana Baccar

2012-05-01

108

UTILIZATION OF WEB SERVICES FOR SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Rapid evolution of software architectures has become nowadays trend, in which distributed processing has proven highly efficient. Multiple architectures for distributed processing are available based on object oriented and component oriented concepts having their own advantages and limitations. The main aspect of developing the consistent architectural framework is to reduce the development cost of IT solutions and to integrate the business partners and customers with various capabilities wit...

Mankad, Kunjal B.

2010-01-01

109

The Sensor Web: A Macro-Instrument for Coordinated Sensing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Sensor Web is a macro-instrument concept that allows for the spatiotemporal understanding of an environment through coordinated efforts between multiple numbers and types of sensing platforms, including both orbital and terrestrial and both fixed and mobile. Each of these platforms, or pods, communicates within their local neighborhood and thus distributes information to the instrument as a whole. Much as intelligence in the brain is a result of the myriad of connections between dendrites...

2002-01-01

110

A Single-Transistor Active Pixel CMOS Image Sensor Architecture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A single-transistor CMOS active pixel image sensor (1 T CMOS APS) architecture is proposed. By switching the photosensing pinned diode, resetting and selecting can be achieved by diode pull-up and capacitive coupling pull-down of the source follower. Thus, the reset and selected transistors can be removed. In addition, the reset and selected signal lines can be shared to reduce the metal signal line, leading to a very high fill factor. The pixel design and operation principles are discussed in detail. The functionality of the proposed 1T CMOS APS architecture has been experimentally verified using a fabricated chip in a standard 0.35 ?m CMOS AMIS technology

2012-03-01

111

Underwater Sensor Networks: A New Energy Efficient and Robust Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The specific characteristics of underwater environments introduce new challenges for networking protocols. In this paper, a specialized architecture for underwater sensor networks (UWSNs is proposed and evaluated. Experiments are conducted in order to analyze the suitability of this protocol for the subaquatic transmission medium. Moreover, different scheduling techniques are applied to the architecture in order to study their performance. In addition, given the harsh conditions of the underwater medium, different retransmission methods are combined with the scheduling techniques. Finally, simulation results illustrate the performance achievements of the proposed protocol in end-to-end delay, packet delivery ratio and energy consumption, showing that this protocol can be very suitable for the underwater medium.

Juan José Serrano

2012-01-01

112

Development of an Web Service Architecture for Enterprise Application Integration  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) is to enable the interoperability between two or more enterprise software systems. These systems, for example, can be an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, an Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) system or a Condition Monitoring system. Traditional EAI approach, based on point-to-point connection, is expensive, vendor specific with limited modules and restricted interoperability with other ERPs and applications. To overcome these drawbacks, the Web Service based EAI has emerged. It allows the integration without point to point linking and with less costs. Many approaches of Web service based EAI are combined with ORACLE, SAP, PeopleSoft, WebSphere, SIEBEL etc. as a system integration platform. The approach still has the restriction that only predefined clients can access the services. This means clients must know exactly the protocol for calling the services and if they don't have the access information they never can get the services. This is because these Web services are based on syntactic service description. In this paper, a semantic based EAI approach, that allows the uninformed clients to access the services, is introduced. The semantic EAI is designed with the Web services that have semantic service descriptions. The Semantic Web Services(SWS) are described in Web Ontology Language for Services(OWL-S), a semantic service ontology language, and advertised in Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI). Clients find desired services through the UDDI and get services from service providers through Web Service Description Language(WSDL)

2007-05-10

113

Development of an Web Service Architecture for Enterprise Application Integration  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) is to enable the interoperability between two or more enterprise software systems. These systems, for example, can be an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, an Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) system or a Condition Monitoring system. Traditional EAI approach, based on point-to-point connection, is expensive, vendor specific with limited modules and restricted interoperability with other ERPs and applications. To overcome these drawbacks, the Web Service based EAI has emerged. It allows the integration without point to point linking and with less costs. Many approaches of Web service based EAI are combined with ORACLE, SAP, PeopleSoft, WebSphere, SIEBEL etc. as a system integration platform. The approach still has the restriction that only predefined clients can access the services. This means clients must know exactly the protocol for calling the services and if they don't have the access information they never can get the services. This is because these Web services are based on syntactic service description. In this paper, a semantic based EAI approach, that allows the uninformed clients to access the services, is introduced. The semantic EAI is designed with the Web services that have semantic service descriptions. The Semantic Web Services(SWS) are described in Web Ontology Language for Services(OWL-S), a semantic service ontology language, and advertised in Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI). Clients find desired services through the UDDI and get services from service providers through Web Service Description Language(WSDL)

Kim, Ji-Hyeon; Jung, Jae-Cheon; Chang, Young-Woo; Chang, Hoon-Seon; Kim, Jae-Cheol; Kim, Hang-Bae [Korea Power Engineering Company, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kyu-Ho; Lee, Dong-Chul [Korea Electric Power Data Network, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2007-07-01

114

“Wireless Sensor Networks - Architectures, Protocols, Simulators and Applications: a Survey”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs have emerged as a new research technology in the distributed computing environment and plays a very important role in the pervasive computing to support various applications. It has a great potential to be utilized in battlefields and in different commercial applications like traffic surveillance, habitat monitoring, construction structures, smart homes, offices and many more. Research on several aspects of WSNs like energy efficiency, power management, rouunrting, topology control, data management and security are progressing extensively. In this technical paper a survey on recent trends in wireless sensor network research, different topologies, routing protocols, simulators and applications is carried out. A smart WSN consists of sensor nodes made of small electronic device and are deployed across a geographical area. These nodes carry out the sensing, processing and transmission of data from different physical environments. They depend on batteries which get drained very soon due to the computation and data transmission to other nodes. The architectures of WSN are mainly depending on application requirements. WSN is a multidisciplinary area of research where different applications developers, users, hardware and software designers need to work closely to implement an efficient application. The different characteristics of the sensor network like flexibility, fault tolerance, high sensing fidelity, low cost and rapid deployment create many new and exciting application areas.

S. G. Shiva Prasad Yadav

2012-09-01

115

Sensor-based architecture for medical imaging workflow analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The growing use of computer systems in medical institutions has been generating a tremendous quantity of data. While these data have a critical role in assisting physicians in the clinical practice, the information that can be extracted goes far beyond this utilization. This article proposes a platform capable of assembling multiple data sources within a medical imaging laboratory, through a network of intelligent sensors. The proposed integration framework follows a SOA hybrid architecture based on an information sensor network, capable of collecting information from several sources in medical imaging laboratories. Currently, the system supports three types of sensors: DICOM repository meta-data, network workflows and examination reports. Each sensor is responsible for converting unstructured information from data sources into a common format that will then be semantically indexed in the framework engine. The platform was deployed in the Cardiology department of a central hospital, allowing identification of processes' characteristics and users' behaviours that were unknown before the utilization of this solution. PMID:24957389

Silva, Luís A Bastião; Campos, Samuel; Costa, Carlos; Oliveira, José Luis

2014-08-01

116

Service-oriented reasoning architecture for resource-task assignment in sensor networks  

Science.gov (United States)

The net-centric ISR/ISTAR networks are expected to play a crucial role in the success of critical tasks such as base perimeter protection, border patrol and so on. To accomplish these tasks in an effective and expedient manner, it is important that these networks have the embedded capabilities to discover, delegate, and gather relevant information in a timely and robust manner. In this paper, we present a system architecture and an implementation that combines a service based reasoning mechanism with a sensor middleware infrastructure so that tasks can be executed efficiently and effectively. A knowledge base, utilising the Semantic Web technologies, provides the foundation for reasoning mechanism that assists users to discover, identify and allocate resources that are made available through the middleware, in order to satisfy the needs of tasks. Once resources are allocated to any given task, they can be accessed, controlled, shared, and their data feeds consumed through the Fabric middleware. We use the semantic descriptions from the knowledge base to annotate the resources (types, capabilities, etc.) in the sensor middleware so that they can be retrieved for reasoning during the discovery and identification phases. The reasoner is implemented as a HTTP web service, with the following characteristics: 1. Computational intensive operations are off-loaded to dedicated nodes, preserving the resources in the ISR/ISTAR networks. 2. HTTP services are accessible through a standard set of APIs irrespective of the reasoner technology used. 3. Support for seamless integration of different reasoners into the system.

de Mel, Geeth; Bergamaschi, Flavio; Pham, Tien; Vasconcelos, Wamberto; Norman, Tim

2011-05-01

117

Overview Of Tenet: Architecture For Tiered Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Most sensor network research and software design has been guided by an architectural principle that permits multi-node data fusion on small-form-factor, resource-poor nodes, or motes. We argue that this principle leads to fragile and unmanageable systems and explore an alternative. The Tenet architecture is motivated by the observation that future large-scale sensor network deployments will be tiered, consisting of motes in the lower tier and masters, relatively unconstrained 32-bit platform nodes, in the upper tier. Masters provide increased network capacity. Tenet constrains multimode fusion to the master tier while allowing motes to process locallygeneratedsensor data. This simplifies application development and allows mote-tier software to be reused. Applications running on masters task motes by composing task descriptions from a novel tasklet library. OurTenet implementation also contains a robust and scalable networking subsystem for disseminating tasks and reliably delivering responses. We show that a Tenet pursuit-evasion application exhibits performancecomparable to a mote-native implementation while being considerably more compact.

MANJU PRIYA .S

2011-01-01

118

An Architecture for Decentralised Orchestration of Web Service Workflows  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Service-oriented workflows are typically executed using a centralised orchestration approach that presents significant scalability challenges. These challenges include the consumption of network bandwidth, degradation of performance, and single-points of failure. We provide a decentralised orchestration architecture that attempts to address these challenges. Our architecture adopts a design model that permits the computation to be moved "closer" to services in a workflow. Th...

Jaradat, Ward; Dearle, Alan; Barker, Adam

2013-01-01

119

Performance Comparison of Middleware Architectures for Generating Dynamic Web Content  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On-line services are making increasing use of dynamically generated Web content. Serving dynamic content is more complex than serving static content. Besides a Web server, it typically involves a server-side application and a database to generate and store the dynamic content. A number of standard mechanisms have evolved to generate dynamic content. We evaluate three specific mechanisms in common use: PHP, Java servlets, and Enterprise Java Beans (EJB). These mechanisms represent three differ...

Cecchet, Emmanuel; Chanda, Anupam; Elnikety, Sameh; Marguerite, Julie; Zwaenepoel, Willy

2003-01-01

120

Semantic Web Meta-data for e-Learning : Some Architectural Guidelines  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Meta-data is the fundamental building block of the Semantic Web. However, the meta-data concept is too loosely defined to provide architectural guidelines for its use. This paper analyzes important uses of meta-data in the e-learning domain, from a pedagogical and philosophical point of view, and abstracts from them a set of fundamental architectural requirements for Semantic Web meta-data. It also describes some flexible generic techniques for working with meta-data, following these requirem...

Nilsson, Mikael; Palme?r, Matthias

2002-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Peer-to-peer, multi-agent interaction adapted to a web architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Internet and Web have brought in a new era of information sharing and opened up countless opportunities for people to rethink and redefine communication. With the development of network-related technologies, a Client/Server architecture has become dominant in the application layer of the Internet. Nowadays network nodes are behind firewalls and Network Address Translations, and the centralised design of the Client/Server architecture limits communication between users on th...

Bai, Xi

2013-01-01

122

Web Service Clients on Mobile Android Devices : A Study on Architectural Alternatives and Client Performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper studies Android, a new open source software stack initiated by Google, and the possibilities of developing a mobile client for MPower, a service oriented architecture platform based upon SOAP messaging. The study focuses on the architectural alternatives, their impacts on the mobile client application, Android’s performance on SOAP messaging, and how Web services’ design can be optimized to give well performing Android clients. The results from this study shows how different ...

Knutsen, Johannes

2009-01-01

123

Web Service Clients on Mobile Android Devices :A Study on Architectural Alternatives and Client Performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper studies Android, a new open source software stack initiated by Google, and the possibilities of developing a mobile client for MPower, a service oriented architecture platform based upon SOAP messaging. The study focuses on the architectural alternatives, their impacts on the mobile client application, Android’s performance on SOAP messaging, and how Web services’ design can be optimized to give well performing Android clients. The results from this study shows how diff...

Knutsen, Johannes

2009-01-01

124

Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

INDRA is the first Information Technology company in Spain and it presents here, through a series of transparencies, its own approach for the remote experimentation architecture for long pulses (REAL). All the architecture is based on Java-2 platform standards and REAL is a totally open architecture. By itself REAL offers significant advantages: -) access authentication and authorization under multiple security implementations, -) local or remote network access: LAN, WAN, VPN..., -) on-line access to acquisition systems for monitoring and configuration, -) scalability, flexibility, robustness, platform independence,.... The BeansNet implementation of REAL gives additional good things such as: -) easy implementation, -) graphical tool for service composition and configuration, -) availability and hot-swap (no need of stopping or restarting services after update or remodeling, and -) INDRA support. The implementation of BeansNet at the TJ-2 stellarator at Ciemat is presented. This document is made of the presentation transparencies. (A.C.)

2009-06-15

125

Development of Integration Framework for Sensor Network and Satellite Image based on OGC Web Services  

Science.gov (United States)

With the availability of network enabled sensing devices, the volume of information being collected by networked sensors has increased dramatically in recent years. Over 100 physical, chemical and biological properties can be sensed using in-situ or remote sensing technology. A collection of these sensor nodes forms a sensor network, which is easily deployable to provide a high degree of visibility into real-world physical processes as events unfold. The sensor observation network could allow gathering of diverse types of data at greater spatial and temporal resolution, through the use of wired or wireless network infrastructure, thus real-time or near-real time data from sensor observation network allow researchers and decision-makers to respond speedily to events. However, in the case of environmental monitoring, only a capability to acquire in-situ data periodically is not sufficient but also the management and proper utilization of data also need to be careful consideration. It requires the implementation of database and IT solutions that are robust, scalable and able to interoperate between difference and distributed stakeholders to provide lucid, timely and accurate update to researchers, planners and citizens. The GEO (Global Earth Observation) Grid is primarily aiming at providing an e-Science infrastructure for the earth science community. The GEO Grid is designed to integrate various kinds of data related to the earth observation using the grid technology, which is developed for sharing data, storage, and computational powers of high performance computing, and is accessible as a set of services. A comprehensive web-based system for integrating field sensor and data satellite image based on various open standards of OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) specifications has been developed. Web Processing Service (WPS), which is most likely the future direction of Web-GIS, performs the computation of spatial data from distributed data sources and returns the outcome in a standard format. The interoperability capabilities and Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) of web services allow incorporating between sensor network measurement available from Sensor Observation Service (SOS) and satellite remote sensing data from Web Mapping Service (WMS) as distributed data sources for WPS. Various applications have been developed to demonstrate the efficacy of integrating heterogeneous data source. For example, the validation of the MODIS aerosol products (MOD08_D3, the Level-3 MODIS Atmosphere Daily Global Product) by ground-based measurements using the sunphotometer (skyradiometer, Prede POM-02) installed at Phenological Eyes Network (PEN) sites in Japan. Furthermore, the web-based framework system for studying a relationship between calculated Vegetation Index from MODIS satellite image surface reflectance (MOD09GA, the Surface Reflectance Daily L2G Global 1km and 500m Product) and Gross Primary Production (GPP) field measurement at flux tower site in Thailand and Japan has been also developed. The success of both applications will contribute to maximize data utilization and improve accuracy of information by validate MODIS satellite products using high degree of accuracy and temporal measurement of field measurement data.

Ninsawat, Sarawut; Yamamoto, Hirokazu; Kamei, Akihide; Nakamura, Ryosuke; Tsuchida, Satoshi; Maeda, Takahisa

2010-05-01

126

Namibian Flood Early Warning SensorWeb Pilot  

Science.gov (United States)

The major goal of the Namibia SensorWeb Pilot Project is a scientifically sound, operational trans-boundary flood management decision support system for Southern African region to provide useful flood and waterborne disease forecasting tools for local decision makers. The Pilot Project established under the auspices of: Namibian Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry (MAWF), Department of Water Affairs; Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS), Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS); and moderated by the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER). The effort consists of identifying and prototyping technology which enables the rapid gathering and dissemination of both space-based and ground sensor data and data products for the purpose of flood disaster management and water-borne disease management.

Mandl, Daniel; Policelli, Fritz; Frye, Stuart; Cappelare, Pat; Langenhove, Guido Van; Szarzynski, Joerg; Sohlberg, Rob

2010-01-01

127

NASA SensorWeb and OGC Standards for Disaster Management  

Science.gov (United States)

I. Goal: Enable user to cost-effectively find and create customized data products to help manage disasters; a) On-demand; b) Low cost and non-specialized tools such as Google Earth and browsers; c) Access via open network but with sufficient security. II. Use standards to interface various sensors and resultant data: a) Wrap sensors in Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards; b) Wrap data processing algorithms and servers with OGC standards c) Use standardized workflows to orchestrate and script the creation of these data; products. III. Target Web 2.0 mass market: a) Make it simple and easy to use; b) Leverage new capabilities and tools that are emerging; c) Improve speed and responsiveness.

Mandl, Dan

2010-01-01

128

Patrones arquitectónicos sobre usabilidad en el dominio de las aplicaciones web / Architectural patterns regarding web application domain usability  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish En el contexto de las aplicaciones web, la usabilidad es una de las características de calidad con gran impacto en la aceptación por parte del usuario final. Sin embargo, la relación entre la usabilidad y la arquitectura del software no ha sido totalmente identificada y caracterizada. Algunos trabaj [...] os han encontrado algunas relaciones de la usabilidad con la arquitectura pero no con patrones arquitectónicos. La principal contribución de este artículo es la identificación de los patrones arquitectónicos y en qué medida éstos impactan en las propiedades de usabilidad en el contexto de las aplicaciones web. Este estudio tiene dos utilidades principales: la primera, para los arquitectos y diseñadores de nuevos productos, en la identificación temprana (a nivel de arquitectura) de posibles problemas o ventajas al usar algunos de ellos en una aplicación web; además, los arquitectos podrían identificar debilidades en el diseño inicial, incrementando la satisfacción del usuario final. Y la segunda, cuando una aplicación web está sido evaluada desde el punto de vista de la usabilidad, la detección de posibles problemas o debilidades implica que ésta deba ser mejorada, lo que conlleva a realizar cambios en la aplicación, en las interfaces y a nivel de su arquitectura, en este caso, los patrones permiten relacionar el problema y sugerir la solución más adecuada. El impacto de los patrones arquitectónicos estudiados en este trabajo han sido validados con dos pequeñas y medianas empresas (PyMes) colombianas, las cuales han ejercitado algunos de los patrones propuestos verificando su influencia en las propiedades de la usabilidad. Abstract in english Usability is one of the quality characteristics having the greatest impact on final user acceptation in a web application context. However, the relationship between usability and software architecture has not been completely identified and characterised. Some work has found some relationships betwee [...] n usability and architecture but not between architectural patterns. This paper´s main contribution lies in its identification of architecture patterns and how they have influenced usability within the context of web applications. This study is useful for architects and new product designers regarding the early identification of possible problems and/or advantages (at architectural level), using some of them in a web application. Additionally, architects could identify weaknesses in initial designs thereby increasing final user satisfaction. The study could be useful when a web application is being evaluated, since detecting possible usability problems or weaknesses implies that it should be improved. Consequently, some changes would be made to the application, both in its interfaces and at architectural level. In this case, the problem can be related and the most suitable solution be suggested in terms of patterns. The impact of this work´s architectural pattern has been validated on two Colombian small- and medium-sized enterprises which have exercised some of the proposed patterns and verified their influence on usability properties.

José Luis, Arciniegas Herrera; María Verónica, Fernández de Valdenebro; María Amparo, Hormiga Juspian; Aleyda, Tulande Arroyo; Cesar Alberto, Collazos Ordoñez.

2010-04-01

129

A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs  

CERN Document Server

Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on the society`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuously online investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses the obtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

Naghavi, Mehdi; 10.5121/iju.2012.3102

2012-01-01

130

A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on thesociety`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuouslyonline investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses theobtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

Mehdi Naghavi

2012-02-01

131

Intelligent Information Retrieval and Web Mining Architecture Using SOA  

Science.gov (United States)

The study of this dissertation provides a solution to a very specific problem instance in the area of data mining, data warehousing, and service-oriented architecture in publishing and newspaper industries. The research question focuses on the integration of data mining and data warehousing. The research problem focuses on the development of…

El-Bathy, Naser Ibrahim

2010-01-01

132

Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Remote experimentation methods will be essential in next generation fusion devices. Requirements for long pulse operation will be the real-time visualization of data, the real-time monitoring of data acquisition processes and the real-time interaction with data acquisition systems (start, stop or set-up modifications). INDRA Sistemas S.A., CIEMAT and UPM (polytechnic university of Madrid) have designed a specific software architecture for these purposes. The architecture is based on the BeansNet platform, whose integration with an application server provides a proper solution to the requirements. BeansNet is a JINI based framework developed by INDRA, which makes easy the implementation of a remote participation model based on a Service Oriented Architecture. BeansNet and its interaction with the Messaging Services provides the users with the information acquired by real time acquisition systems, with no further delay than the derived from the information transmission over the network, depending on its bandwidth. The new software architecture has been designed based on the existing experience with the TJ-II remote experimentation system. In that case, different aspects of remote participation in experiments from distributed environments were addressed, as remote configuration of data acquisition systems or user authentication. The new design allows the required real-time interactions within a secure environment and with an easy system administration. (authors)

2009-06-15

133

Web-Based Interface for Command and Control of Network Sensors  

Science.gov (United States)

This software allows for the visualization and control of a network of sensors through a Web browser interface. It is currently being deployed for a network of sensors monitoring Mt. Saint Helen s volcano; however, this innovation is generic enough that it can be deployed for any type of sensor Web. From this interface, the user is able to fully control and monitor the sensor Web. This includes, but is not limited to, sending "test" commands to individual sensors in the network, monitoring for real-world events, and reacting to those events

Wallick, Michael N.; Doubleday, Joshua R.; Shams, Khawaja S.

2010-01-01

134

Information architecture in web design : Case Lähde työelämään - Spring to Work  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of the thesis was to improve the information architecture of an information system called Spring to Work. The information system is a part of Lähde työelämään - project and HAMK University of Applied Sciences has been coordinating this subproject. The subject of the thesis is picked up from the author’s own interest in web design.

2012-01-01

135

A novel architecture for information retrieval system based on semantic web  

Science.gov (United States)

Nowadays, the web has enabled an explosive growth of information sharing (there are currently over 4 billion pages covering most areas of human endeavor) so that the web has faced a new challenge of information overhead. The challenge that is now before us is not only to help people locating relevant information precisely but also to access and aggregate a variety of information from different resources automatically. Current web document are in human-oriented formats and they are suitable for the presentation, but machines cannot understand the meaning of document. To address this issue, Berners-Lee proposed a concept of semantic web. With semantic web technology, web information can be understood and processed by machine. It provides new possibilities for automatic web information processing. A main problem of semantic web information retrieval is that when these is not enough knowledge to such information retrieval system, the system will return to a large of no sense result to uses due to a huge amount of information results. In this paper, we present the architecture of information based on semantic web. In addiction, our systems employ the inference Engine to check whether the query should pose to Keyword-based Search Engine or should pose to the Semantic Search Engine.

Zhang, Hui

2011-12-01

136

Interacting with semantic web data through an automatic information architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

La proliferació d'iniciatives de publicació de dades com Linked Open Data ha incrementat la quantitat de dades semàntiques disponibles per analitzar i reutilitzar, però en molts casos és molt difícil pels usuaris explorar i utilitzar aquestes dades quan no tenen experiència en tecnologies de Web Semàntica. La nostra contribució per a solventar aquest problema és aplicar el Visual Information-Seeking Mantra: “Primer una visió general, enfocar i filtrar, després detalls sota dema...

Brunetti Ferna?ndez, Josep Maria

2013-01-01

137

A New User Interface for On-Demand Customizable Data Products for Sensors in a SensorWeb  

Science.gov (United States)

A SensorWeb is a set of sensors, which can consist of ground, airborne and space-based sensors interoperating in an automated or autonomous collaborative manner. The NASA SensorWeb toolbox, developed at NASA/GSFC in collaboration with NASA/JPL, NASA/Ames and other partners, is a set of software and standards that (1) enables users to create virtual private networks of sensors over open networks; (2) provides the capability to orchestrate their actions; (3) provides the capability to customize the output data products and (4) enables automated delivery of the data products to the users desktop. A recent addition to the SensorWeb Toolbox is a new user interface, together with web services co-resident with the sensors, to enable rapid creation, loading and execution of new algorithms for processing sensor data. The web service along with the user interface follows the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard called Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS). This presentation will detail the prototype that was built and how the WCPS was tested against a HyspIRI flight testbed and an elastic computation cloud on the ground with EO-1 data. HyspIRI is a future NASA decadal mission. The elastic computation cloud stores EO-1 data and runs software similar to Amazon online shopping.

Mandl, Daniel; Cappelaere, Pat; Frye, Stuart; Sohlberg, Rob; Ly, Vuong; Chien, Steve; Sullivan, Don

2011-01-01

138

A survey on architectures, protocols, applications, and management in wireless sensor networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the recent technological advances in wireless communications, integrated digital circuits, and micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS; development of wireless sensor networks has been enabled and become dramatically feasible. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs are large networks made of a numerous number of sensor nodes with sensing, computation, and wireless communications capabilities. Many various routing, power management, and data dissemination protocols have been designed for wireless sensor networks (WSNs dependent on both the network architecture and the applications that it is designed for. In this paper, we present the state of the art of wireless sensor networks’ architecture and design features. Also, in this paper, we introduce recent work on routing protocols for WSNs and their design goals and challenges. Also, an overview of the application that WSNs assist in is presented. Finally, several open research questions of wireless sensor networks management and issues are suggested and put forward.   Keywords: application, architecture, management, protocol, wireless sensor network.

Samira Kalantary

2014-01-01

139

Implementing wireless sensor networks for architectural heritage conservation  

Science.gov (United States)

Preventive conservation in architectural heritage is one of the most important aims for the development and implementation of new techniques to assess decay, lending to reduce damage before it has occurred and reducing costs in the long term. For that purpose, it is necessary to know all aspects influencing in decay evolution depending on the material under study and its internal and external conditions. Wireless sensor networks are an emerging technology and a minimally invasive technique. The use of these networks facilitates data acquisition and monitoring of a large number of variables that could provoke material damages, such as presence of harmful compounds like salts, dampness, etc. The current project presents different wireless sensors networks (WSN) and sensors used to fulfill the requirements for a complete analysis of main decay agents in a Renaissance church of the 16th century in Madrid (Spain). Current typologies and wireless technologies are studied establishing the most suitable system and the convenience of each one. Firstly, it is very important to consider that microclimate is in close correlation with material deterioration. Therefore a temperature(T) and relative humidity (RH)/moisture network has been developed, using ZigBee wireless communications protocols, and monitoring different points along the church surface. These points are recording RH/T differences depending on the height and the sensor location (inside the material or on the surface). On the other hand, T/RH button sensors have been used, minimizing aesthetical interferences, and concluding which is the most advisable way for monitoring these specific parameters. Due to the fact that microclimate is a complex phenomenon, it is necessary to examine spatial distribution and time evolution at the same time. This work shows both studies since the development expects a long term monitoring. A different wireless network has been deployed to study the effects of pollution caused by other active systems such as a forced-air heating system, the parishioners presence or feasts and other ventilation conditions. Finally weather conditions are registered through a weather station. Outside and inside conditions are compared to incorporate data to the network for a later decay modeling.

Martínez-Garrido, M. I.; Aparicio, S.; Fort, R.; Izquierdo, M. A. G.; Anaya, J. J.

2012-04-01

140

WebML and .NET Architecture for Developing Students Appointment Management System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study presents the application of Web Modeling Language (WebML in a Student Appointment Management System (SAMS to help students and lecturers arrange meetings in an effective and efficient way in a university or college environment. WebML is well designed for web applications and .NET four-tier architecture offers maximum functionality and flexibility in a heterogeneous, web based environment. Each WebML elements is transformed accordingly to Hypertext model as known as site views of SAMS is believed to work best in implementing an appointment management system and turning the traditional management approach into current web technology. Comparisons with existing similar systems are presented based on three typical quality attribute requirements for web applications: usability, performance and maintainability. The usability of SAMS is measured by applying the Goal-Question-Metrics (GQM approach in questionnaires to collect users’ opinions on the system, especially the interface, while the maintainability of this system is measured using the cyclomatic complexity technique. From the survey it is proven that SAMS fulfils the usability requirements as the results show that 67% of lecturers and 75% of students were satisfied with the overall system.

M.H.N.M. Nasir

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Web Prior Architecture to Avoid Threats and Enhance Intrusion Response System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web is hierarchically composed of entities such as domains, Web sites and documents distributed over Web sites and linked together by hyperlinks. The response component of the intrusion detection system issues the response to the jarring requests. In this paper, the intension is to allow the legitimate user to access the target website and perform the selective operations on the database to avoid threats and protect the database from unauthorized users. The designed Web Prior Architecture (WPA permits the legal client to obtain the privilege license by clicking on an authority link provided by the referrer. Using this license, the client can get the liberty to perform the operations on the target website. In that website, database can be accessed by the client with the selective permissions. These can be performed by the two methods, namely strategy toning and strategy management. By this way, the database is accessed in a highly securable manner. The massive scale of this study specifies the method to avoid the threats from the unauthorized users and augment the intrusion response system. This will protect the target website and its database from the unconstitutional users. Our pragmatic study demonstrates that Web Prior Architecture enables the legitimate user to connect to the target website and perform selective database operations.

K.S. Ravichandran

2012-09-01

142

Distributed Web Service Architecture Towards Robotic Speech Communication: A Vietnamese Case Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Robotics is emerging as one of the most prominent research areas in the world and is recently attracting the Vietnamese research community. For the purpose of determining an entrance for a Vietnamese human interacting robotics system, this paper is aimed at proposing a service?oriented architecture for location assistance robotic systems made out of loosely?coupled and distributed web services. The proposed platform consists of two major components: a Speech Processing System (SPS and a Service Manipulating System (SMS. This architecture allows our robot to meet three critical human interaction robotic systems requirements: flexibility, scalability and reliability.

Nhut M. Pham

2013-02-01

143

Arquitectura de sistemas tecnológicos para la educación basada en Web / Technology System Architecture for Web-Based Education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este trabajo se presenta una nueva arquitectura para el desarrollo de sistemas de Educación Basada en Web. Estos sistemas se centran en el estudiante y se adaptan a sus necesidades personales de forma inteligente. La arquitectura se basa en la especificación IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology Sy [...] stem Architecture) y reúne a los modelos de desarrollo de software y diseño instruccional. Por una parte, el modelo de desarrollo de software se encuentra sustentado bajo un Sistema Multi-Agentes (MAS), emplea los métodos y técnicas de la Ingeniería de Dominio para el desarrollo de CARIOO (Componentes de Aprendizaje Reutilizables e Inteligentes Orientados a Objetos). Los CARIOO son un tipo especial de Objetos de Contenido Compartible de acuerdo a SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model). Por otra, el modelo de diseño instruccional incorpora un modelo mental como los Mapas Conceptuales (MC) para transmitir, construir y generar conocimientos adecuados a este tipo de ambiente. Abstract in english In this paper a new architecture for development of Web-Based Education systems is presented. The se systems are centered in the learner and adapted to their personals needs in intelligent form. The architecture is based on the IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology System Architecture) specification a [...] nd it assembles to software development and instructional design patterns. On the one hand, the software development pattern is supported under a Multi-Agents System, it employs the methods and technical of the Domain Engineering for development of IRLCOO (Intelligent Reusable Learning Components Object Oriented). IRLCOO are a special type of Sharable Content Object according to SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model). On the other hand, the instructional design pattern incorporates a mental model as the Conceptual Maps to transmit, build and generate appropriate knowledge to this educational environment type.

Canales-Cruz, A; Peredo-Valderrama, R; Balladares-Ocaña, L; Peredo-Valderrama, I; Sossa-Azuela, J.H..

144

Using Distributed Sensor Network Architecture to Link Heterogeneous Astronomical Assets  

Science.gov (United States)

The internet has brought about great change in the astronomical community, but this interconnectivity is just starting to be exploited for use in this type of instrumentation. Here we present the Telescope ALert Operations Network System (TALONS), a network software suite that allows intercommunication between external and internal astronomical resources and controls the distribution of information to each of the resources. TALONS is an fundamental element of the Thinking Telescopes System, in operation at Los Alamos National Laboratory, and has been enabling great science for the past four years. The system allows a distributed network of telescopes to perform more efficiently in synchronous operation than as individual instruments. TALONS is designed as a merger between a standard server/client architecture and a Distributed Sensor Network (DSN). It can dynamically regulate its client base, allowing any number of heterogeneous resources to be linked together and communicate. TALONS couples that capability with collaborative analysis and maintenance modules so that it can respond quickly to external requests and changing network environments. TALONS clients connect via an intelligent agent, which acts in proxy for the scientist, allowing the telescope to analyze incoming information and respond autonomously. TALONS has a proven track record of effectively supporting the instruments at Los Alamos and other astronomical resources around the world.

White, R.; Evans, S.; Pergande, J.; Vestrand, W.; Wozniak, P.; Wren, J.

145

Border security and surveillance system with smart cameras and motes in a Sensor Web  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we describe a prototype surveillance system that leverages smart sensor motes, intelligent video, and Sensor Web technologies to aid in large area monitoring operations and to enhance the security of borders and critical infrastructures. Intelligent video has emerged as a promising tool amid growing concern about border security and vulnerable entry points. However, numerous barriers exist that limit the effectiveness of surveillance video in large area protection; such as the number of cameras needed to provide coverage, large volumes of data to be processed and disseminated, lack of smart sensors to detect potential threats and limited bandwidth to capture and distribute video data. We present a concept prototype that addresses these obstacles by employing a Smart Video Node in a Sensor Web framework. Smart Video Node (SVN) is an IP video camera with automated event detection capability. SVNs are cued by inexpensive sensor motes to detect the existence of humans or vehicles. Based on sensor motes' observations cameras are slewed in to observe the activity and automated video analysis detects potential threats to be disseminated as "alerts". Sensor Web framework enables quick and efficient identification of available sensors, collects data from disparate sensors, automatically tasks various sensors based on observations or events received from other sensors, and receives and disseminates alerts from multiple sensors. The prototype system is implemented by leveraging intuVision's intelligent video, Northrop Grumman's sensor motes and SensorWeb technologies. Implementation of a deployable system with Smart Video Nodes and sensor motes within the SensorWeb platform is currently underway. The final product will have many applications in commercial, government and military systems.

Guler, Sadiye; Cole, Timothy; Silverstein, Jay; Pushee, Ian; Fairgrieve, Scott

2010-04-01

146

An Efficient PKC-Based Security Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks  

CERN Document Server

In spite of previous widely held belief of the incompatibility of public key cryptography (PKC) schemes for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), some recent works have shown that, PKC based schemes could be implemented for such networks in some ways. The major challenge of employing a PKC scheme in wireless sensor network is posed by the limitations of resources of the tiny sensors. Considering this feature of the sensors, in this paper, we propose an efficient PKC based security architecture with relatively less resource requirements than those of the other previously proposed PKC schemes for WSN. Our security architecture comprises basically of two parts; a key handshaking scheme based on simple linear operations and the derivation of decryption key by a receiver node. Our architecture allows both base-station-to-node or node-to-base-station secure communications, and node-to-node secure communications. Analysis and simulation results show that, our proposed architecture ensures a good level of security for com...

Haque, Md Mokammel; Choi, Byung Goo; Hong, Choong Seon

2007-01-01

147

A Web-based DSS Architecture and its Forecasting Core in Supply Chain Management  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In a competitive market environment, supply chain management (SCM) has been critical for companies to survive. Demand planning plays an important role in SCM, for it provides accurate demand forecasts which may achieve customer satisfaction by offering benefits such as low inventory level, short lead time, efficient resource allocation, and quick response. To obtain more accurate forecasts, this study presents a web-based Decision Support System (DSS) architecture and its forecasting core. Th...

2009-01-01

148

Publishing biomedical journals on the World-Wide Web using an open architecture model.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: In many respects, biomedical publications are ideally suited for distribution via the World-Wide Web, but economic concerns have prevented the rapid adoption of an on-line publishing model. PURPOSE: We report on our experiences with assisting biomedical journals in developing an online presence, issues that were encountered, and methods used to address these issues. Our approach is based on an open architecture that fosters adaptation and interconnection of biomedical resources. M...

Shareck, E. P.; Greenes, R. A.

1996-01-01

149

Distributed Web Service Architecture Towards Robotic Speech Communication: A Vietnamese Case Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Robotics is emerging as one of the most prominent research areas in the world and is recently attracting the Vietnamese research community. For the purpose of determining an entrance for a Vietnamese human interacting robotics system, this paper is aimed at proposing a service?oriented architecture for location assistance robotic systems made out of loosely?coupled and distributed web services. The proposed platform consists of two major components: a Speech Processing System (SPS) and a ...

Pham, Nhut M.; Dau, Duong N. H.; Vu, Quan H.

2013-01-01

150

System architecture of a web service for Content-Based Image Retrieval  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents the system architecture of a Content- Based Image Retrieval system implemented as a web service. The proposed solution is composed of two parts, a client run- ning a graphical user interface for query formulation and a server where the search engine explores an image repository. The separation of the user interface and the search engine follows a Service as a Software (SaaS) model, a type of cloud computing design where a single core system is online a...

Giro? Nieto, Xavier; Ventura, Carles; Pont Tuset, Jordi; Corte?s Yuste, Silvia; Marque?s Acosta, Fernando

2010-01-01

151

'Follow me': a web-based, location-sharing architecture for large, indoor environments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We leverage the ubiquity of bluetooth-enabled devices and propose a decentralized, web-based architecture that allows users to share their location by following each other in the style of Twitter. We demonstrate a prototype that operates in a large building which generates a dataset of detected bluetooth devices at a rate of ~30 new devices per day, including the respective location where they were last detected. Users then query the dataset using their unique bluetooth ID and share their cur...

Ypodimatopoulos, Polychronis; Lippman, Andrew B.

2010-01-01

152

Secure and Scalable Cloud-based Architecture for e-Health Wireless Sensor Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There has been a host of research works on wireless sensor networks for medical applications. However, the major shortcoming of these efforts is a lack of consideration of data management. Indeed, the huge amount of high sensitive data generated and collected by medical sensor networks introduces several challenges that existing architectures cannot solve. These challenges include scalability, availability and security. In this paper, we propose an innovative architecture for collecting and a...

Lounis, Ahmed; Hadjidj, Abdelkrim; Bouabdallah, Abdelmadjid; Challal, Yacine

2012-01-01

153

Sensor-Based Control Architecture for a Car-Like Vehicle  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This report presents a control architecture endowing a car-like vehicle moving in a dynamic and partially known environment with autonomous motion capabilities. Like most recent control architectures for autonomous robot systems, it combines three functional components: a set of basic real-time skills, a reactive execution mechanism and a decision module. The main novelty of the architecture proposed lies in the introduction of a fourth component akin to a meta-level of skills: the sensor-bas...

Laugier, Christian; Fraichard, Thierry; Garnier, Philippe; Paromtchik, Igor; Scheuer, Alexis

1998-01-01

154

Sensor-based control architecture for a car-like vehicle  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a control architecture endowing a car-like vehicle moving in a dynamic and partially known environment with autonomous motion capabilities. Like most recent control architectures for autonomous robot systems, it combines three functional components: a set of basic real-time skills, a reactive execution mechanism and a decision module. The main novelty of the architecture proposed lies in the introduction of a fourth component akin to a meta-level of skills: the sensor-base...

Laugier, Christian; Fraichard, Thierry; Garnier, Philippe; Paromtchik, Igor; Scheuer, Alexis

1999-01-01

155

Design and Implementation of an Architectural Framework for Web Portals in a Ubiquitous Pervasive Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web Portals function as a single point of access to information on the World Wide Web (WWW. The web portal always contacts the portal’s gateway for the information flow that causes network traffic over the Internet. Moreover, it provides real time/dynamic access to the stored information, but not access to the real time information. This inherent functionality of web portals limits their role for resource constrained digital devices in the Ubiquitous era (U-era. This paper presents a framework for the web portal in the U-era. We have introduced the concept of Local Regions in the proposed framework, so that the local queries could be solved locally rather than having to route them over the Internet. Moreover, our framework enables one-to-one device communication for real time information flow. To provide an in-depth analysis, firstly, we provide an analytical model for query processing at the servers for our framework-oriented web portal. At the end, we have deployed a testbed, as one of the world’s largest IP based wireless sensor networks testbed, and real time measurements are observed that prove the efficacy and workability of the proposed framework.

Wun-Cheol Jeong

2009-07-01

156

Declarative rule-based integration and mediation for XML data in web service-based software architectures  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Application Service Provider (ASP) has started to use Web services to expose data sources and adopted Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) to build data integration infrastructure. XML data integration and mediation in SOA is a complex task. The existing mediation technologies and commercial tools take XSLT as the standard to transform and merge XML documents from various Web services with the intension to deliver a unified view of data. As the number of involved data Web services increase...

Zhu, Yaoling

2007-01-01

157

Architectural Based Data Aggregation Techniques in Wireless Sensor Network: A Comparative Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data aggregation is very crucial techniques in wireless sensor network. Because with the help of data aggregation we reduce the energy consumption by eliminating redundancy .when wireless sensor network deployed in remote area or hostile environment. In the wireless sensor network have most challenging task is life time so with help of data aggregation we can enhance the lifetime of the network .In this paper we discuss the architectural based efficient data aggregation. And also discuss the protocol based network architecture.

Kiran Maraiya,

2011-03-01

158

Future Unified Communication Based on Ubiquitous Hierarchical Generalized-Sensor Network Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent advances in wireless sensor network (WSN) and radio frequency identifier (RFID) have made it possible to extend current human-to-human communication to the future unified communication environment among human society, computer network and the external physical world. A ubiquitous hierarchical generalized-sensor network (UHGSN) is presented in this paper as a typical network model for such unified communication architecture. The sensor information processing unit and the hierarchical di...

Zhitong Huang; Yuefeng Ji

2012-01-01

159

An Architecture of Mobile Web 2.0 Context-aware Applications in Ubiquitous Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The rapid development of the wireless communication technologies, including wireless sensors, intelligent mobile devices, and communication protocols, has led to diverse mobile devices of accessing various context-aware systems. Existing context-aware systems only focus on characterize the situation of an entity to exhibit the advantage of contextual information association. The contextual information can represent semantic implications to provide decidable reasoning services, but it has n...

I-Ching Hsu

2011-01-01

160

WEB-ENABLED GENERALIZED ARCHITECTURAL MODEL FOR ONLINE POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, an effective Web-enabled generalized architectural model is proposed. The proposed model makes the power system analysis to be completely secured, distributed, platform-independent and language-independent. Although significant progress has been made for on-line power system analysis in distributed environment, still efficient distributed environment has not yet been exploited. The Web-enabled architectural models are emerging as basic methodologies to support the integration of different power system applications using open Internet standard. The existing RMI models for solving multi-area power system problems in distributed environment, has its limitations to use in internet-based applets. The main objective of this study is to convert existing RMI model for power system applications into Web based model for on-line monitoring of multi-area power systems in distributed environment. Test bench has been created to carry out the performance analysis of the proposed model. Using the proposed model, load flow analysis is carried out for various bus systems. The results obtained are reported.

Boopathi C. Sengodan

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Reliable Fiber Sensor System with Star-Ring-Bus Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This work presents a novel star-ring-bus sensor system and demonstrates its effectiveness. The main trunk of the proposed sensor system is a star topology and the sensing branches comprise a series of bus subnets. Any weakness in the reliability of the sensor system is overcome by adding remote nodes and switches to the ring and bus subnets. To construct the proposed star-ring-bus sensor system, a fiber ring laser scheme is used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the sensor system. The p...

Peng-Chun Peng; Jun-Bo Wang; Kuan-Yan Huang

2010-01-01

162

Architectural Analysis of Multi-Agents Educational Model in Web-Learning Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article presents a structure for using intelligent multi-agents architecture for an educational system and internet teaching. In this architecture, a model of multi-agents learning environments consists of: the domain model, the communication model and the user model. They contain all the domain knowledge of the target application and the user's profiles. Reconceptualizing the computer as a constructionist medium increases the computer's educational value by allowing the development and support of communities of users. The communication model facilitates communication via more conventional media, but also enables the communication of ideas through the creation and sharing of computational objects (e.g. agents and analysis tools. An agent appears to be appropriate for the implementation of the major functions of intelligent training, support and teaching environments by providing an environment for the definition and sharing of computational components, through the World Wide Web.

Majida Ali Abed Al_Asadi

2012-06-01

163

Web-Based Collaborative Learning Architecture for Remote Experiment on Control of Bioreactor’s Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The unprecedented growth in Internet technologies has created revolutionary changes in collaborative working in an on-line environment with round the world accessibility. The adoption of collaborative learning tools with remote laboratory enhances the experiential learning aspects of engineering education. This paper presents a collaborative learning and remote experiment on the control of a bioreactor environment by establishing communication between the process control computer and remote users through the Internet. The software application is developed using graphical programming tools to control the process parameters and to set the control constants associated with the PID control system. The LabVIEW virtual instruments transfer information to web clients is performed using web server and standard internet browsers for data access. Multimedia features are added to the architecture to supplement the teaching and learning activities. The proposed system structure and functionalities tend towards the translation of traditional collaborative characteristics into an Internet based on-line collaborative learning environment.

R.D Sudhaker Samuel

2009-04-01

164

Ecce - A Problem Solving Environment's Evolution Toward Grid Services and a Web Architecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Extensible Computational Chemistry Environment (Ecce), an innovative problem solving environment (PSE), was designed a decade ago, before the emergence of the Web and Grid computing services. In this paper, we briefly examine the original Ecce architecture and discuss how it is evolving to incorporate both Grid services and componenet of the Web to increase its range of services, reduce deployment and maintenance costs, and reach a wider audience. We show that Ecce operates in both Grid and non-Grid environments, an important consideration given Ecce's broad range of uses and user community, and discuss the strategies for loosely coupled components that make this possible. Both in-progress work and conceptual plans for how Ecce will evolve are presented.

Schuchardt, Karen L.; Didier, Brett T.; Black, Gary D.

2002-01-01

165

Automated Data Quality Assurance using OGC Sensor Web Enablement Frameworks for Marine Observatories  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past years, environmental sensors have continuously improved by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent. Therefore, many sensor networks are increasingly deployed to monitor our environment. But due to the large number of sensor manufacturers, accompanying protocols and data encoding, automated integration and data quality assurance of diverse sensors in an observing systems is not straightforward, requiring development of data management code and manual tedious configuration. However, over the past few years it has been demonstrated that Open-Geospatial Consortium (OGC) frameworks can enable web services with fully-described sensor systems, including data processing, sensor characteristics and quality control tests and results. So far, the SWE framework does not describe how to integrate sensors on-the-fly with minimal human intervention. The data management software which enables access to sensors, data processing and quality control tests has to be implemented and the results have to be manually mapped to the SWE models. In this contribution, we describe a Sensor Plug & Play infrastructure for the Sensor Web by combining (1) OGC PUCK protocol - a simple standard embedded instrument protocol to store and retrieve directly from the devices the declarative description of sensor characteristics and quality control tests, (2) an automatic mechanism for data processing and quality control tests underlying the Sensor Web - the Sensor Interface Descriptor (SID) concept, as well as (3) a model for the declarative description of sensor which serves as a generic data management mechanism - designed as a profile and extension of OGC SWE's SensorML standard. We implement and evaluate our approach by applying it to the OBSEA Observatory, and can be used to demonstrate the ability to assess data quality for temperature, salinity, air pressure and wind speed and direction observations off the coast of Garraf, in the north-eastern Spain.

Toma, Daniel; Bghiel, Ikram; del Rio, Joaquin; Hidalgo, Alberto; Carreras, Normandino; Manuel, Antoni

2014-05-01

166

Evaluation of a Heterogeneous Sensor Network Architecture for Highly Mobile Users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents experimental results of a heterogeneous sensor network architecture, which is a combination of a wireless sensor network and a personal area network. The proposed architecture uses the IEEE 802.15.4 standard to transmit sensor data to a sensor node which in turn forwards the data using TCP/IP to a database on the Internet via a Bluetooth-equipped mobile phone and the mobile telephone access network. The performance of the entire communication chain is evaluated. First, a 3G network's performance is evaluated by measuring its round trip time for packet transmission. Second, the real-world end-to-end delay between a sensor node and a database server on the Internet is measured using two different experimental set-ups: single-hop transmission and two hops transmission. Finally, the proposed architecture's scalability is estimated in a Matlab simulation using the results of the experiments as a base. The results show that the proposed architecture is applicable for small-scale sensor networks used by highly mobile users.

Jerker Delsing

2011-05-01

167

A Simple Fiber Bragg Grating-Based Sensor Network Architecture with Self-Protecting and Monitoring Functions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based passive sensor architecture, which can be used to protect the fiber cut and monitor the multiple sensors simultaneously, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Here, we employ a wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser scheme with 25 km cavity length acting as the detecting light source in central office (CO). Each FBG sensor, serving as a feedback element, is used in proposed sensor architecture. By tuning the tunable bandpass filter (TB...

Chien-Hung Yeh; Chi-Wai Chow; Ping-Chun Wu; Fan-Gang Tseng

2011-01-01

168

SensorWeb 3G: Extending On-Orbit Sensor Capabilities to Enable Near Realtime User Configurability  

Science.gov (United States)

This research effort prototypes an implementation of a standard interface, Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS), which is an Open Geospatial Consortium(OGC) standard, to enable users to define, test, upload and execute algorithms for on-orbit sensor systems. The user is able to customize on-orbit data products that result from raw data streaming from an instrument. This extends the SensorWeb 2.0 concept that was developed under a previous Advanced Information System Technology (AIST) effort in which web services wrap sensors and a standardized Extensible Markup Language (XML) based scripting workflow language orchestrates processing steps across multiple domains. SensorWeb 3G extends the concept by providing the user controls into the flight software modules associated with on-orbit sensor and thus provides a degree of flexibility which does not presently exist. The successful demonstrations to date will be presented, which includes a realistic HyspIRI decadal mission testbed. Furthermore, benchmarks that were run will also be presented along with future demonstration and benchmark tests planned. Finally, we conclude with implications for the future and how this concept dovetails into efforts to develop "cloud computing" methods and standards.

Mandl, Daniel; Cappelaere, Pat; Frye, Stuart; Sohlberg, Rob; Ly, Vuong; Chien, Steve; Tran, Daniel; Davies, Ashley; Sullivan, Don; Ames, Troy; Witt, Ken; Stanley, Jason

2010-01-01

169

Future Unified Communication Based on Ubiquitous Hierarchical Generalized-Sensor Network Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent advances in wireless sensor network (WSN and radio frequency identifier (RFID have made it possible to extend current human-to-human communication to the future unified communication environment among human society, computer network and the external physical world. A ubiquitous hierarchical generalized-sensor network (UHGSN is presented in this paper as a typical network model for such unified communication architecture. The sensor information processing unit and the hierarchical distributed agent server are introduced as the basic network elements in this architecture for effective information communication, and the topology, addressing and recovery problems are analyzed. As the basic applications, the combined “key word” based characterized searching mechanism and the performance monitoring processes are discussed, along with the corresponding protocol message definition and encoding format. Simulation results show the advancements of the presented hierarchical architecture and the job-list based characterized searching mechanism.

Yuefeng Ji

2012-03-01

170

System Architecture Modeling of an UWB Receiver for Wireless Sensor Network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a method for system architecture modeling of an IR-UWB (Impulse Radio Ultra WideBand) receiver for sensors networks applications. We expose the way for designing an FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) receiver starting from a previous study based on system modeling on Matlab. The proposed receiver architecture is first designed and validated on Matlab, before being implemented, thanks to VHDL language, on a FPGA. Our study shows the interest and the advantages of co-desig...

Lecointre, Aubin; Dragomirescu, Daniela; Plana, Robert

2007-01-01

171

Sensor Web in Antarctica: Developing an Intelligent, Autonomous Platform for Locating Biological Flourishes in Cryogenic Environments  

Science.gov (United States)

The most rigorous tests of the ability to detect extant life will occur where biotic activity is limited by severe environmental conditions. Cryogenic environments are among the most severe-the energy and nutrients needed for biological activity are in short supply while the climate itself is actively destructive to biological mechanisms. In such settings biological activity is often limited to brief flourishes, occurring only when and where conditions are at their most favorable. The closer that typical regional conditions approach conditions that are actively hostile , the more widely distributed biological blooms will be in both time and space. On a spatial dimension of a few meters or a time dimension of a few days, biological activity becomes much more difficult to detect. One way to overcome this difficulty is to establish a Sensor Web that can monitor microclimates over appropriate scales of time and distance, allowing a continuous virtual presence for instant recognition of favorable conditions. A more sophisticated Sensor Web, incorporating metabolic sensors, can effectively meet the challenge to be in "the right place in the right time". This is particularly of value in planetary surface missions, where limited mobility and mission timelines require extremely efficient sample and data acquisition. Sensor Webs can be an effective way to fill the gap between broad scale orbital data collection and fine-scale surface lander science. We are in the process of developing an intelligent, distributed and autonomous Sensor Web that will allow us to monitor microclimate under severe cryogenic conditions, approaching those extant on the surface of Mars. Ultimately this Sensor Web will include the ability to detect and/or establish limits on extant microbiological activity through incorporation of novel metabolic gas sensors. Here we report the results of our first deployment of a Sensor Web prototype in a previously unexplored high altitude East Antarctic Plateau "micro-oasis" at the MacAlpine Hills, Law Glacier, Antarctica.

Delin, K. A.; Harvey, R. P.; Chabot, N. A.; Jackson, S. P.; Adams, Mike; Johnson, D. W.; Britton, J. T.

2003-01-01

172

A Planar Group-Based Architecture to Scale Ad-Hoc and Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is known that grouping nodes gives better performance to the group and to the whole system, thereby avoiding unnecessary message forwarding and additional overheads while allows to scale the network considerably. Many routing protocols for ad-hoc networks and sensor networks have been designed, but none of them is based on groups. In this paper, after a review of group based architectures and of neighbor selection strategies, a planar group-based network architecture is proposed. In the proposal, the network is formed by several groups of ad-hoc devices or sensors. Connections between groups are established as a function of the proximity and the neighbor's available capacity (based on the ad-hoc device or sensor’s energy. The messages that are needed to the proper operation are shown. It is also simulated how much time is needed to propagate information between groups and it is calculated the diameter for different topologies

Jesus Tomás

2009-08-01

173

Enhanced Architecture of a Web Warehouse based on Quality Evaluation Framework to Incorporate Quality Aspects in Web Warehouse Creation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the recent years, it has been observed that World Wide Web (www) became a vast source of information explosion about all areas of interest. Relevant information retrieval is difficult from the web space as there is no universal configuration and organization of the web data. Taking the advantage of data warehouse functionality and integrating it with the web to retrieve relevant data is the core concept of web warehouse. It is a repository that store relevant web data for business decision...

2011-01-01

174

A Multi-Robot Control Architecture for Fault-Tolerant Sensor-Based Coverage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sensor-based coverage problems have many applications such as patrolling, search-rescue, and surveillance. Using multi-robot team increases efficiency by reducing completion time of a sensor-based coverage task. Robustness to robot failures is another advantage of using multiple robots for coverage. Although there are many works to increase the efficiency of coverage methods, there are few works related to robot failures in the literature. In this paper, fault-tolerant control architecture is...

Metin Ozkan; Gokhan Kirlik; Osman Parlaktuna; Alpaslan Yufka; Ahmet Yazici

2010-01-01

175

An Architecture for Performance Optimization in a Collaborative Knowledge-Based Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the past few years, Intelligent Spaces (ISs) have received the attention of many Wireless Sensor Network researchers. Recently, several studies have been devoted to identify their common capacities and to set up ISs over these networks. However, little attention has been paid to integrating Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems into collaborative Wireless Sensor Networks for the purpose of implementing ISs. This work presents a distributed architecture proposal for collaborative Fuzzy Rule-Based Syst...

Gadeo-martos, Manuel Angel; Fernandez-prieto, Jose Angel; Canada-bago, Joaquin; Velasco, Juan Ramon

2011-01-01

176

An Architecture for Performance Optimization in a Collaborative Knowledge-Based Approach for  Wireless Sensor Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the past few years, Intelligent Spaces (ISs) have received the attention of many Wireless Sensor Network researchers. Recently, several studies have been devoted to identify their common capacities and to set up ISs over these networks. However, little attention has been paid to integrating Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems into collaborative Wireless Sensor Networks for the purpose of implementing ISs. This work presents a distributed architecture proposal for collaborative Fuzzy Rule-Based Syst...

Manuel Angel Gadeo-Martos; Jose Angel Fernandez-Prieto; Joaquin Canada-Bago; Juan Ramon Velasco

2011-01-01

177

An efficient architecture for the integration of sensor and actuator networks into the future internet  

Science.gov (United States)

In the future, sensors will enable a large variety of new services in different domains. Important application areas are service adaptations in fixed and mobile environments, ambient assisted living, home automation, traffic management, as well as management of smart grids. All these applications will share a common property, the usage of networked sensors and actuators. To ensure an efficient deployment of such sensor-actuator networks, concepts and frameworks for managing and distributing sensor data as well as for triggering actuators need to be developed. In this paper, we present an architecture for integrating sensors and actuators into the future Internet. In our concept, all sensors and actuators are connected via gateways to the Internet, that will be used as comprehensive transport medium. Additionally, an entity is needed for registering all sensors and actuators, and managing sensor data requests. We decided to use a hierarchical structure, comparable to the Domain Name Service. This approach realizes a cost-efficient architecture disposing of "plug and play" capabilities and accounting for privacy issues.

Schneider, J.; Klein, A.; Mannweiler, C.; Schotten, H. D.

2011-08-01

178

An Autonomous Sensor System Architecture for Active Flow and Noise Control Feedback  

Science.gov (United States)

Multi-channel sensor fusion represents a powerful technique to simply and efficiently extract information from complex phenomena. While the technique has traditionally been used for military target tracking and situational awareness, a study has been successfully completed that demonstrates that sensor fusion can be applied equally well to aerodynamic applications. A prototype autonomous hardware processor was successfully designed and used to detect in real-time the two-dimensional flow reattachment location generated by a simple separated-flow wind tunnel model. The success of this demonstration illustrates the feasibility of using autonomous sensor processing architectures to enhance flow control feedback signal generation.

Humphreys, William M, Jr.; Culliton, William G.

2008-01-01

179

Handling Live Sensor Data on the Semantic Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The increased linking of objects in the Internet of Things and the ubiquitous flood of data and information require new technologies in data processing and data storage in particular in the Internet and the Semantic Web.

Hummel, Thomas

2012-01-01

180

Reconfigurable middleware architectures for large scale sensor networks  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Wireless sensor networks, in an effort to be energy efficient, typically lack the high-level abstractions of advanced programming languages. Though strong, the dichotomy between these two paradigms can be overcome. The SENSIX software framework, described in this dissertation, uniquely integrates constraint-dominated wireless sensor networks with the flexibility of object-oriented programming models, without violating the principles of either. Though these two computing paradigms are contradictory in many ways, SENSIX bridges them to yield a dynamic middleware abstraction unifying low-level resource-aware task reconfiguration and high-level object recomposition.

Brennan, Sean M.

2010-03-01

 
 
 
 
181

An LDPC decoder architecture for wireless sensor network applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

The pervasive use of wireless sensors in a growing spectrum of human activities reinforces the need for devices with low energy dissipation. In this work, coded communication between a couple of wireless sensor devices is considered as a method to reduce the dissipated energy per transmitted bit with respect to uncoded communication. Different Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes are considered to this purpose and post layout results are shown for a low-area low-energy decoder, which offers percentage energy savings with respect to the uncoded solution in the range of 40%-80%, depending on considered environment, distance and bit error rate. PMID:22438724

Biroli, Andrea Dario Giancarlo; Martina, Maurizio; Masera, Guido

2012-01-01

182

MEMS pressure belt with sensor interface and communication architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Boeing utilizes many different sensor types and their associated electronic systems for aircraft testing. An array of sensors are being used to determine the load on the wings of an aircraft. We have developed a MEMS sensor network, which takes advantage of this technology. In this paper, we report the development of a 'pressure belt' containing a electronic packaging configuration incorporating MEMS pressure sensors and multi-chip modules. A thin profile of less than 0.070 inch was required for aerodynamic reasons. The MCM substrate was fabricated on oxidized silicon using copper as the conductor and photo-sensitive polyimide as the dielectric material. Direct-chip-attachment (flip chip) process was used to bond the MEMS device to the module and the bus connection was conducted through embedded copper on a flex PCB to the host computer. An encapsulation material for the protection of the bare electronic components was selected for improving the reliability of the module. Improvements in the signal conditioning and processing are being incorporated into the pressure belt. The design includes a signal conditioning unit that includes analog to digital conversion, a digital filter, temperature compensation and conversion to engineering units.

Eccles, Lee H.; Catlin, Wayne; Holland, Mark J.; Kim, Namsoo P.; Malchodi, Larry

2001-08-01

183

Model of Real Time Architecture for Data Placement in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless sensor network (WSN technology has promised fine grain monitoring in time and space as well as at a lower cost than is currently possible. These sensor networks are required to provide a robust service in hostile environments. Therefore the issue of real-time and reliable data delivery is extremely important for taking effective decisions in WSN. In this paper the architecture for reliable and real time approach by using sensor clusters has been proposed for storage management. Instead of storing information in an individual cluster head as suggested in some approaches, storing of information of all clusters, inside the cell is recommended within the corresponding base station. For data dissemination and action we have used Action and Relay Stations (ARS. We have developed programming model for formal specification and verification of our architecture.

Mayank DAVE

2010-01-01

184

Low-Power Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum Modem Architecture for Distributed Wireless Sensor Networks  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Emerging CMOS and MEMS technologies enable the implementation of a large number of wireless distributed microsensors that can be easily and rapidly deployed to form highly redundant, self-configuring, and ad hoc sensor networks. To facilitate ease of deployment, these sensors should operate on battery for extended periods of time. A particular challenge in maintaining extended battery lifetime lies in achieving communications with low power. This paper presents a direct-sequence spread-spectrum modem architecture that provides robust communications for wireless sensor networks while dissipating very low power. The modem architecture has been verified in an FPGA implementation that dissipates only 33 mW for both transmission and reception. The implementation can be easily mapped to an ASIC technology, with an estimated power performance of less than 1 mW.

Chien, C; Elgorriaga, I; McConaghy, C

2001-07-03

185

Frontier: High Performance Database Access Using Standard Web Components in a Scalable Multi-Tier Architecture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A high performance system has been assembled using standard web components to deliver database information to a large number of broadly distributed clients. The CDF Experiment at Fermilab is establishing processing centers around the world imposing a high demand on their database repository. For delivering read-only data, such as calibrations, trigger information, and run conditions data, we have abstracted the interface that clients use to retrieve data objects. A middle tier is deployed that translates client requests into database specific queries and returns the data to the client as XML datagrams. The database connection management, request translation, and data encoding are accomplished in servlets running under Tomcat. Squid Proxy caching layers are deployed near the Tomcat servers, as well as close to the clients, to significantly reduce the load on the database and provide a scalable deployment model. Details the system's construction and use are presented, including its architecture, design, interfaces, administration, performance measurements, and deployment plan

2004-10-01

186

Web architecture for the remote browsing and analysis of distributed medical images and data.  

Science.gov (United States)

To provide easy retrieval, integration and evaluation of multimodal medical images and data in a web browser environment, distributed application technologies and Java programming were used to develop a client-server architecture based on software agents. The server side manages secure connections and queries to heterogeneous remote databases and file systems containing patient personal and clinical data. The client side is a Java applet running in a web browser and providing a friendly medical user interface to perform queries on patient and medical test data and integrate and visualize properly the various query results. A set of tools based on Java Advanced Imaging API enables to process and analyze the retrieved bioimages, and quantify their features in different regions of interest. The platform-independence Java technology makes the developed prototype easy to be managed in a centralized form and provided in each site where an intranet or internet connection can be located. Giving the healthcare providers effective tools for browsing, querying, visualizing and evaluating comprehensively medical images and records in all locations where they can need them - e.g. emergency, operating theaters, ward, or even outpatient clinics- the implemented prototype represents an important aid in providing more efficient diagnoses and medical treatments. PMID:11604703

Masseroli, M; Pinciroli, F

2001-01-01

187

Hierarchical structures made of proteins. The complex architecture of spider webs and their constituent silk proteins.  

Science.gov (United States)

Biopolymers fulfil a variety of different functions in nature. They conduct various processes inside and outside cells and organisms, with a functionality ranging from storage of information to stabilization, protection, shaping, transport, cellular division, or movement of whole organisms. Within the plethora of biopolymers, the most sophisticated group is of proteinaceous origin: the cytoskeleton of a cell is made of protein filaments that aid in pivotal processes like intracellular transport, movement, and cell division; geckos use a distinct arrangement of keratin-like filaments on their toes which enable them to walk up smooth surfaces, such as walls, and even upside down across ceilings; and spiders spin silks that are extra-corporally used for protection of offspring and construction of complex prey traps. The following tutorial review describes the hierarchical organization of protein fibers, using spider dragline silk as an example. The properties of a dragline silk thread originate from the strictly controlled assembly of the underlying protein chains. The assembly procedure leads to protein fibers showing a complex hierarchical organization comprising three different structural phases. This structural organization is responsible for the outstanding mechanical properties of individual fibers, which out-compete even those of high-performance artificial fibers like Kevlar. Web-weaving spiders produce, in addition to dragline silk, other silks with distinct properties, based on slightly variant constituent proteins--a feature that allows construction of highly sophisticated spider webs with well designed architectures and with optimal mechanical properties for catching prey. PMID:20023846

Heim, Markus; Römer, Lin; Scheibel, Thomas

2010-01-01

188

An Architecture for Performance Optimization in a Collaborative Knowledge-Based Approach for  Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the past few years, Intelligent Spaces (ISs have received the attention of many Wireless Sensor Network researchers. Recently, several studies have been devoted to identify their common capacities and to set up ISs over these networks. However, little attention has been paid to integrating Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems into collaborative Wireless Sensor Networks for the purpose of implementing ISs. This work presents a distributed architecture proposal for collaborative Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems embedded in Wireless Sensor Networks, which has been designed to optimize the implementation of ISs. This architecture includes the following: (a an optimized design for the inference engine; (b a visual interface; (c a module to reduce the redundancy and complexity of the knowledge bases; (d a module to evaluate the accuracy of the new knowledge base; (e a module to adapt the format of the rules to the structure used by the inference engine; and (f a communications protocol. As a real-world application of this architecture and the proposed methodologies, we show an application to the problem of modeling two plagues of the olive tree: prays (olive moth, Prays oleae Bern. and repilo (caused by the fungus Spilocaea oleagina. The results show that the architecture presented in this paper significantly decreases the consumption of resources (memory, CPU and battery without a substantial decrease in the accuracy of the inferred values.

Juan Ramon Velasco

2011-09-01

189

An architecture for performance optimization in a collaborative knowledge-based approach for wireless sensor networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past few years, Intelligent Spaces (ISs) have received the attention of many Wireless Sensor Network researchers. Recently, several studies have been devoted to identify their common capacities and to set up ISs over these networks. However, little attention has been paid to integrating Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems into collaborative Wireless Sensor Networks for the purpose of implementing ISs. This work presents a distributed architecture proposal for collaborative Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems embedded in Wireless Sensor Networks, which has been designed to optimize the implementation of ISs. This architecture includes the following: (a) an optimized design for the inference engine; (b) a visual interface; (c) a module to reduce the redundancy and complexity of the knowledge bases; (d) a module to evaluate the accuracy of the new knowledge base; (e) a module to adapt the format of the rules to the structure used by the inference engine; and (f) a communications protocol. As a real-world application of this architecture and the proposed methodologies, we show an application to the problem of modeling two plagues of the olive tree: prays (olive moth, Prays oleae Bern.) and repilo (caused by the fungus Spilocaea oleagina). The results show that the architecture presented in this paper significantly decreases the consumption of resources (memory, CPU and battery) without a substantial decrease in the accuracy of the inferred values. PMID:22163687

Gadeo-Martos, Manuel Angel; Fernandez-Prieto, Jose Angel; Canada-Bago, Joaquin; Velasco, Juan Ramon

2011-01-01

190

A Cluster-Based Architecture to Structure the Topology of Parallel Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A wireless sensor network is a self-configuring network of mobile nodes connected by wireless links where the nodes have limited capacity and energy. In many cases, the application environment requires the design of an exclusive network topology for a particular case. Cluster-based network developments and proposals in existence have been designed to build a network for just one type of node, where all nodes can communicate with any other nodes in their coverage area. Let us suppose a set of clusters of sensor nodes where each cluster is formed by different types of nodes (e.g., they could be classified by the sensed parameter using different transmitting interfaces, by the node profile or by the type of device: laptops, PDAs, sensor etc. and exclusive networks, as virtual networks, are needed with the same type of sensed data, or the same type of devices, or even the same type of profiles. In this paper, we propose an algorithm that is able to structure the topology of different wireless sensor networks to coexist in the same environment. It allows control and management of the topology of each network. The architecture operation and the protocol messages will be described. Measurements from a real test-bench will show that the designed protocol has low bandwidth consumption and also demonstrates the viability and the scalability of the proposed architecture. Our ccluster-based algorithm is compared with other algorithms reported in the literature in terms of architecture and protocol measurements.

Juan R. Diaz

2009-12-01

191

Game and Balance Multicast Architecture Algorithms for Sensor Grid  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We propose a scheme to attain shorter multicast delay and higher efficiency in the data transfer of sensor grid. Our scheme, in one cluster, seeks the central node, calculates the space and the data weight vectors. Then we try to find a new vector composed by linear combination of the two old ones. We use the equal correlation coefficient between the new and old vectors to find the point of game and balance of the space and data factorsbuild a binary simple equation, seek linear parameters, a...

Fan, Qingfeng; Wu, Qiongli; Magoule?s, Fre?de?ric; Xiong, Naixue; Vasilakos, Athanasios V.; He, Yanxiang

2009-01-01

192

Design and Implementation of Hybrid MAC-Based Robust Architecture for Wireless Sensor Network  

Science.gov (United States)

In this letter, we propose an energy efficient hybrid architecture, the Hybrid MAC-based Robust Architecture (HMR), for wireless sensor networks focusing on MAC layer's scheduling and adaptive security suite as a security sub layer. A hybrid MAC layer with TDMA and CSMA scheduling is designed to prolong network life time, and the multi-channel TDMA based active/sleep scheduling is presented. We also present the security related functionalities needed to employ a flexible security suite to packets dynamically. Implementation and testbed of the proposed framework based on IEEE 802.15.4 are shown as well.

Shon, Taeshik; Kim, Eui-Jik; in, Jeongsik; Park, Yongsuk

193

Doubly Cognitive Architecture Based Cognitive Wireless Sensor Network  

CERN Multimedia

Nowadays scarcity of spectrum availability is increasing highly. Adding cognition to the existing Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) infrastructure will help in this situation. As sensor nodes in WSN are limited with some constrains like power, efforts are required to increase the lifetime and other performance measures of the network. In this paper we propose the idea of Doubly Cognitive WSN. The basic idea is to progressively allocate the sensing resources only to the most promising areas of the spectrum. This work is based on Artificial Neural Network as well as on Support Vector Machine (SVM) concept. As the load of sensing resource is reduced significantly, this approach will save the energy of the nodes, and also reduce the sensing time dramatically. The proposed work can be enhanced by doing the pattern analysis thing after a sufficiently long time again and again to review the strategy of sensing. Thus Doubly Cognitive WSN will enable current WSN to overcome the spectrum scarcity as well as save the energy...

Kumar, Sumit; Garimella, Rama Murthy

2011-01-01

194

An Automated End-To Multi-Agent Qos Based Architecture for Selection of Geospatial Web Services  

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Over the past decade, Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web services have gained wide popularity and acceptance from researchers and industries all over the world. SOA makes it easy to build business applications with common services, and it provides like: reduced integration expense, better asset reuse, higher business agility, and reduction of business risk. Building of framework for acquiring useful geospatial information for potential users is a crucial problem faced by the GIS domain. Geospatial Web services solve this problem. With the help of web service technology, geospatial web services can provide useful geospatial information to potential users in a better way than traditional geographic information system (GIS). A geospatial Web service is a modular application designed to enable the discovery, access, and chaining of geospatial information and services across the web that are often both computation and data-intensive that involve diverse sources of data and complex processing functions. With the proliferation of web services published over the internet, multiple web services may provide similar functionality, but with different non-functional properties. Thus, Quality of Service (QoS) offers a metric to differentiate the services and their service providers. In a quality-driven selection of web services, it is important to consider non-functional properties of the web service so as to satisfy the constraints or requirements of the end users. The main intent of this paper is to build an automated end-to-end multi-agent based solution to provide the best-fit web service to service requester based on QoS.

Shah, M.; Verma, Y.; Nandakumar, R.

2012-07-01

195

Ensuring Data Storage Security in Tree cast Routing Architecture for Sensor Networks  

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In this paper presents recent advances in technology have made low-cost, low-power wireless sensors with efficient energy consumption. A network of such nodes can coordinate among themselves for distributed sensing and processing of certain data. For which, we propose an architecture to provide a stateless solution in sensor networks for efficient routing in wireless sensor networks. This type of architecture is known as Tree Cast. We propose a unique method of address allocation, building up multiple disjoint trees which are geographically inter-twined and rooted at the data sink. Using these trees, routing messages to and from the sink node without maintaining any routing state in the sensor nodes is possible. In contrast to traditional solutions, where the IT services are under proper physical, logical and personnel controls, this routing architecture moves the application software and databases to the large data centers, where the management of the data and services may not be fully trustworthy. This unique attribute, however, poses many new security challenges which have not been well understood. In this paper, we focus on data storage security, which has always been an important aspect of quality of service. To ensure the correctness of users' data in this architecture, we propose an effective and flexible distributed scheme with two salient features, opposing to its predecessors. By utilizing the homomorphic token with distributed verification of erasure-coded data, our scheme achieves the integration of storage correctness insurance and data error localization, i.e., the identification of misbehaving server(s). Unlike most prior works, the new scheme further supports secure and efficient dynamic operations on data blocks, including: data update, delete and append. Extensive security and performance analysis shows that the proposed scheme is highly efficient and resilient against Byzantine failure, malicious data modification attack, and even server colluding attacks.

Kumar, K. E. Naresh; Sagar, U. Vidya; Waheed, Mohd. Abdul

2010-10-01

196

Lightweight Filter Architecture for Energy Efficient Mobile Vehicle Localization Based on a Distributed Acoustic Sensor Network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The generic properties of an acoustic signal provide numerous benefits for localization by applying energy-based methods over a deployed wireless sensor network (WSN). However, the signal generated by a stationary target utilizes a significant amount of bandwidth and power in the system without providing further position information. For vehicle localization, this paper proposes a novel proximity velocity vector estimator (PVVE) node architecture in order to capture the energy from a moving v...

Keonwook Kim

2013-01-01

197

Enviro-Net: From Networks of Ground-Based Sensor Systems to a Web Platform for Sensor Data Management  

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Full Text Available Ecosystems monitoring is essential to properly understand their development and the effects of events, both climatological and anthropological in nature. The amount of data used in these assessments is increasing at very high rates. This is due to increasing availability of sensing systems and the development of new techniques to analyze sensor data. The Enviro-Net Project encompasses several of such sensor system deployments across five countries in the Americas. These deployments use a few different ground-based sensor systems, installed at different heights monitoring the conditions in tropical dry forests over long periods of time. This paper presents our experience in deploying and maintaining these systems, retrieving and pre-processing the data, and describes the Web portal developed to help with data management, visualization and analysis.

Mario A. Nascimento

2011-06-01

198

Enviro-Net: from networks of ground-based sensor systems to a Web platform for sensor data management.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ecosystems monitoring is essential to properly understand their development and the effects of events, both climatological and anthropological in nature. The amount of data used in these assessments is increasing at very high rates. This is due to increasing availability of sensing systems and the development of new techniques to analyze sensor data. The Enviro-Net Project encompasses several of such sensor system deployments across five countries in the Americas. These deployments use a few different ground-based sensor systems, installed at different heights monitoring the conditions in tropical dry forests over long periods of time. This paper presents our experience in deploying and maintaining these systems, retrieving and pre-processing the data, and describes the Web portal developed to help with data management, visualization and analysis. PMID:22163965

Pastorello, Gilberto Z; Sanchez-Azofeifa, G Arturo; Nascimento, Mario A

2011-01-01

199

Solving graph data issues using a layered architecture approach with applications to web spam detection.  

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This paper proposes the combination of two state-of-the-art algorithms for processing graph input data, viz., the probabilistic mapping graph self organizing map, an unsupervised learning approach, and the graph neural network, a supervised learning approach. We organize these two algorithms in a cascade architecture containing a probabilistic mapping graph self organizing map, and a graph neural network. We show that this combined approach helps us to limit the long-term dependency problem that exists when training the graph neural network resulting in an overall improvement in performance. This is demonstrated in an application to a benchmark problem requiring the detection of spam in a relatively large set of web sites. It is found that the proposed method produces results which reach the state of the art when compared with some of the best results obtained by others using quite different approaches. A particular strength of our method is its applicability towards any input domain which can be represented as a graph. PMID:23973870

Scarselli, Franco; Tsoi, Ah Chung; Hagenbuchner, Markus; Noi, Lucia Di

2013-12-01

200

FlexiSec: A Configurable Link Layer Security Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks  

CERN Document Server

Ensuring communications security in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) indeed is critical; due to the criticality of the resources in the sensor nodes as well as due to their ubiquitous and pervasive deployment, with varying attributes and degrees of security required. The proliferation of the next generation sensor nodes, has not solved this problem, because of the greater emphasis on low-cost deployment. In addition, the WSNs use data-centric multi-hop communication that in turn, necessitates the security support to be devised at the link layer (increasing the cost of security related operations), instead of being at the application layer, as in general networks. Therefore, an energy-efficient link layer security framework is necessitated. There do exists a number of link layer security architectures that offer some combinations of the security attributes desired by different WSN applications. However, as we show in this paper, none of them is responsive to the actual security demands of the applications. Ther...

Jinwala, Devesh; Dasgupta, Kankar

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Rapid EHR Development and Implementation Using Web and Cloud-Based Architecture in a Large Home Health and Hospice Organization.  

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Health care organizations have long been limited to a small number of major vendors in their selection of an electronic health record (EHR) system in the national and international marketplace. These major EHR vendors have in common base systems that are decades old, are built in antiquated programming languages, use outdated server architecture, and are based on inflexible data models [1,2]. The option to upgrade their technology to keep pace with the power of new web-based architecture, programming tools and cloud servers is not easily undertaken due to large client bases, development costs and risk [3]. This paper presents the decade-long efforts of a large national provider of home health and hospice care to select an EHR product, failing that to build their own and failing that initiative to go back into the market in 2012. The decade time delay had allowed new technologies and more nimble vendors to enter the market. Partnering with a new start-up company doing web and cloud based architecture for the home health and hospice market, made it possible to build, test and implement an operational and point of care system in 264 home health locations across 40 states and three time zones in the United States. This option of "starting over" with the new web and cloud technologies may be posing a next generation of new EHR vendors that retells the Blackberry replacement by iPhone story in healthcare. PMID:24943570

Weaver, Charlotte A; Teenier, Pamela

2014-01-01

202

Geospatial web services for limnological data: a case study of sensor observation service for ecological observations  

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The present work aims at designing and implementing a spatial data infrastructure for storing and sharing ecological data through geospatial web services. As case study, we concentrated on limnological data coming from the drainage basin of Lake Maggiore in the Northern of Italy. In order to establish the infrastructure, we started with two basic questions: (1) What type of data is the ecological dataset? (2) Which are the geospatial web services standards most suitable to store and share ecological data? In this paper we describe the possibilities for sharing ecological data using geospatial web services and the difficulties that can be encountered in this task. In order to test actual technological solutions, we use real data of a limnological published study.We concluded that limnological data can be considered observational data, composed by biological (species) data and environmental data, and it can be modeled using Observation and Measurement (O&M) specification. With the actual web service implementation the geospatial web services that could potentially be used to publish limnological data are Sensor Observation Services (SOS) and Web Feature Services (WFS). SOS holds the essential components to represent time series observations, while WFS is a simple model that requires profiling. Both, SOS and WFS are not perfectly suitable to publish biological data, so other alternatives must be considered, as linked data.

Arias Muñoz, C.; Oggioni, A.; Brovelli, M. A.

2014-04-01

203

Designing an architecture for monitoring patients at home: ontologies and web services for clinical and technical management integration.  

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This paper presents the design and implementation of an architecture based on the combination of ontologies, rules, web services, and the autonomic computing paradigm to manage data in home-based telemonitoring scenarios. The architecture includes two layers: 1) a conceptual layer and 2) a data and communication layer. On the one hand, the conceptual layer based on ontologies is proposed to unify the management procedure and integrate incoming data from all the sources involved in the telemonitoring process. On the other hand, the data and communication layer based on REST web service (WS) technologies is proposed to provide practical backup to the use of the ontology, to provide a real implementation of the tasks it describes and thus to provide a means of exchanging data (support communication tasks). A case study regarding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease data management is presented in order to evaluate the efficiency of the architecture. This proposed ontology-based solution defines a flexible and scalable architecture in order to address main challenges presented in home-based telemonitoring scenarios and thus provide a means to integrate, unify, and transfer data supporting both clinical and technical management tasks. PMID:24108483

Lasierra, Nelia; Alesanco, Álvaro; García, José

2014-05-01

204

Applications and methods utilizing the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP) for bioinformatics resource discovery and disparate data and service integration  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Scientific data integration and computational service discovery are challenges for the bioinformatic community. This process is made more difficult by the separate and independent construction of biological databases, which makes the exchange of data between information resources difficult and labor intensive. A recently described semantic web protocol, the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP; pronounced "swap") offers the ability to descr...

Nelson Rex T; Avraham Shulamit; Shoemaker Randy C; May Gregory D; Ware Doreen; Dg, Gessler Damian

2010-01-01

205

Historical building monitoring using an energy-efficient scalable wireless sensor network architecture.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a set of novel low power wireless sensor nodes designed for monitoring wooden masterpieces and historical buildings, in order to perform an early detection of pests. Although our previous star-based system configuration has been in operation for more than 13 years, it does not scale well for sensorization of large buildings or when deploying hundreds of nodes. In this paper we demonstrate the feasibility of a cluster-based dynamic-tree hierarchical Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) architecture where realistic assumptions of radio frequency data transmission are applied to cluster construction, and a mix of heterogeneous nodes are used to minimize economic cost of the whole system and maximize power saving of the leaf nodes. Simulation results show that the specialization of a fraction of the nodes by providing better antennas and some energy harvesting techniques can dramatically extend the life of the entire WSN and reduce the cost of the whole system. A demonstration of the proposed architecture with a new routing protocol and applied to termite pest detection has been implemented on a set of new nodes and should last for about 10 years, but it provides better scalability, reliability and deployment properties. PMID:22346630

Capella, Juan V; Perles, Angel; Bonastre, Alberto; Serrano, Juan J

2011-01-01

206

Framework for Testing Web Services Through SOA(Service Oriented Architecture)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In today’s connected e-world Web Services is arguably the most popular and powerful software technology. This paper focuses on web services and also the various standards that have evolved over the years, such as XML, SOAP, WSDL, and UDDI. This paper advocates the need for testing web services as testingweb services poses a big challenge to testing professionals because of its inherently complex and distributed nature. Web Service Automated Testing Utility will enable us to locate and invok...

2012-01-01

207

Monitoring Architectural Heritage by Wireless Sensors Networks: San Gimignano — A Case Study  

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Full Text Available This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the “Rognosa” tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes linked to suitable sensors capable of monitoring crucial parameters like: temperature, humidity, masonry cracks, pouring rain, and visual light. The access to data is granted by a user interface for remote control. The WSN can autonomously send remote alarms when predefined thresholds are reached.

Alessandro Mecocci

2014-01-01

208

LIDeA: A Distributed Lightweight Intrusion Detection Architecture for Sensor Networks  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Wireless sensor networks are vulnerable to adversaries as they are frequently deployed in open and unattended environments. Preventive mechanisms can be applied to protect them from an assortment of attacks. However, more sophisticated methods, like intrusion detection systems, are needed to achieve a more autonomic and complete defense mechanism, even against attacks that have not been anticipated in advance. In this paper, we present a lightweight intrusion detection system, called LIDeA, designed for wireless sensor networks. LIDeA is based on a distributed architecture, in which nodes overhear their neighboring nodes and collaborate with each other in order to successfully detect an intrusion. We show how such a system can be implemented in TinyOS, which components and interfaces are needed, and what is the resulting overhead imposed.

Giannetsos, Athanasios; Krontiris, Ioannis

2008-01-01

209

Monitoring architectural heritage by wireless sensors networks: San Gimignano--a case study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN) used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the "Rognosa" tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes linked to suitable sensors capable of monitoring crucial parameters like: temperature, humidity, masonry cracks, pouring rain, and visual light. The access to data is granted by a user interface for remote control. The WSN can autonomously send remote alarms when predefined thresholds are reached. PMID:24394600

Mecocci, Alessandro; Abrardo, Andrea

2014-01-01

210

Next Generation RFID-Based Medical Service Management System Architecture in Wireless Sensor Network  

Science.gov (United States)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) are two important wireless technologies that have wide variety of applications and provide unlimited future potentials most especially in healthcare systems. RFID is used to detect presence and location of objects while WSN is used to sense and monitor the environment. Integrating RFID with WSN not only provides identity and location of an object but also provides information regarding the condition of the object carrying the sensors enabled RFID tag. However, there isn't any flexible and robust communication infrastructure to integrate these devices into an emergency care setting. An efficient wireless communication substrate for medical devices that addresses ad hoc or fixed network formation, naming and discovery, transmission efficiency of data, data security and authentication, as well as filtration and aggregation of vital sign data need to be study and analyze. This paper proposed an efficient next generation architecture for RFID-based medical service management system in WSN that possesses the essential elements of each future medical application that are integrated with existing medical practices and technologies in real-time, remote monitoring, in giving medication, and patient status tracking assisted by embedded wearable wireless sensors which are integrated in wireless sensor network.

Tolentino, Randy S.; Lee, Kijeong; Kim, Yong-Tae; Park, Gil-Cheol

211

Semantics empowered web 3.0 managing enterprise, social, sensor, and cloud-based data and services for advanced applications  

CERN Multimedia

After the traditional document-centric Web 1.0 and user-generated content focused Web 2.0, Web 3.0 has become a repository of an ever growing variety of Web resources that include data and services associated with enterprises, social networks, sensors, cloud, as well as mobile and other devices that constitute the Internet of Things. These pose unprecedented challenges in terms of heterogeneity (variety), scale (volume), and continuous changes (velocity), as well as present corresponding opportunities if they can be exploited. Just as semantics has played a critical role in dealing with data h

Sheth, Amit

2012-01-01

212

Layered Ontological Modelling for Web Service-oriented Model-Driven Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Modelling is recognised as an essential activity in the architectural design of software systems. Model-driven architecture (MDA) is a framework implementing this idea. Ontologies are knowledge representation frameworks that are ideally suited to support modelling in this endeavour. We propose here a layered ontological framework that addresses domain modelling, architectural modelling, and interoperability aspects in the development of service-based software systems. We ...

Pahl, Claus

2005-01-01

213

EVALUATION OF NON-FUNCTIONAL ATTRIBUTES USING WEB-BASED ARCHITECTURE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The quality of an architectural design of a software system has a great influence on achieving nonfunctional requirements to the system. Here, we present a technique for describing behavioral aspects of software architectures formally based on Coloured Petri Nets (CPNs and a technique for evaluating their non-functional qualities by analyzing CPNs . We provide quality models for valuating security, efficiency and reliability, and integrate them with CPN descriptions of software architectures. Their qualities areevaluated by simulating the CPNs on CPN analysis tool called esign/CPN. It allows us to clarify tradeoff on issues of selecting which architecture should be selected.

Pragati Priyadarshinee,

2011-03-01

214

Design and Implementation of an Architectural Framework for Web Portals in a Ubiquitous Pervasive Environment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web Portals function as a single point of access to information on the World Wide Web (WWW). The web portal always contacts the portal’s gateway for the information flow that causes network traffic over the Internet. Moreover, it provides real time/dynamic access to the stored information, but not access to the real time information. This inherent functionality of web portals limits their role for resource constrained digital devices in the Ubiquitous era (U-era). This paper presents a fram...

Raza, Muhammad Taqi; Yoo, Seung-wha; Kim, Ki-hyung; Joo, Seong-soon; Jeong, Wun-cheol

2009-01-01

215

The Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF) Architecture: Coordination of Multiple Oceanic Robot Boats  

Science.gov (United States)

Earth science research must bridge the gap between the atmosphere and the ocean to foster understanding of Earth s climate and ecology. Ocean sensing is typically done with satellites, buoys, and crewed research ships. The limitations of these systems include the fact that satellites are often blocked by cloud cover, and buoys and ships have spatial coverage limitations. This paper describes a multi-robot science exploration software architecture and system called the Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF). TAOSF supervises and coordinates a group of robotic boats, the OASIS platforms, to enable in-situ study of phenomena in the ocean/atmosphere interface, as well as on the ocean surface and sub-surface. The OASIS platforms are extended deployment autonomous ocean surface vehicles, whose development is funded separately by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). TAOSF allows a human operator to effectively supervise and coordinate multiple robotic assets using a sliding autonomy control architecture, where the operating mode of the vessels ranges from autonomous control to teleoperated human control. TAOSF increases data-gathering effectiveness and science return while reducing demands on scientists for robotic asset tasking, control, and monitoring. The first field application chosen for TAOSF is the characterization of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). We discuss the overall TAOSF architecture, describe field tests conducted under controlled conditions using rhodamine dye as a HAB simulant, present initial results from these tests, and outline the next steps in the development of TAOSF.

Elfes, Alberto; Podnar, Gregg W.; Dolan, John M.; Stancliff, Stephen; Lin, Ellie; Hosler, Jeffrey C.; Ames, Troy J.; Higinbotham, John; Moisan, John R.; Moisan, Tiffany A.; Kulczycki, Eric A.

2008-01-01

216

Optical Flow in a Smart Sensor Based on Hybrid Analog-Digital Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a motion sensor (delivering optical flow estimations using a platform that includes the sensor itself, focal plane processing resources, and co-processing resources on a general purpose embedded processor. All this is implemented on a single device as a SoC (System-on-a-Chip. Optical flow is the 2-D projection into the camera plane of the 3-D motion information presented at the world scenario. This motion representation is widespread well-known and applied in the science community to solve a wide variety of problems. Most applications based on motion estimation require work in real-time; hence, this restriction must be taken into account. In this paper, we show an efficient approach to estimate the motion velocity vectors with an architecture based on a focal plane processor combined on-chip with a 32 bits NIOS II processor. Our approach relies on the simplification of the original optical flow model and its efficient implementation in a platform that combines an analog (focal-plane and digital (NIOS II processor. The system is fully functional and is organized in different stages where the early processing (focal plane stage is mainly focus to pre-process the input image stream to reduce the computational cost in the post-processing (NIOS II stage. We present the employed co-design techniques and analyze this novel architecture. We evaluate the system’s performance and accuracy with respect to the different proposed approaches described in the literature. We also discuss the advantages of the proposed approach as well as the degree of efficiency which can be obtained from the focal plane processing capabilities of the system. The final outcome is a low cost smart sensor for optical flow computation with real-time performance and reduced power consumption that can be used for very diverse application domains.

Pablo Guzmán

2010-03-01

217

Next-Generation Real-Time Geodetic Station Sensor Web for Natural Hazards Research and Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

We report on a NASA AIST project focused on better forecasting, assessing, and mitigating natural hazards, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and extreme storms and flooding through development and implementation of a modular technology for the next-generation in-situ geodetic station, and a Geodetic Sensor Web to support the flow of information from multiple stations to scientists, mission planners, decision makers, and first responders. Meaningful warnings save lives when issued within 1-2 minutes for destructive earthquakes, several tens of minutes for tsunamis, and up to several hours for extreme storms and flooding, and can be provided by on-site fusion of multiple data types and generation of higher-order data products: GPS and accelerometer measurements to estimate point displacements, and GPS and meteorological measurements to estimate moisture variability in the free atmosphere. By operating semi-autonomously, each station can provide low-latency, high-fidelity and compact data products within the constraints of narrow communications bandwidth that often accompanies natural disasters. The project encompasses the following tasks, including hardware and software components: (1) Development of a power-efficient, low-cost, plug-in Geodetic Module for fusion of data from in situ sensors including GPS, a MEMS accelerometer package, and a MEMS meteorological sensor package, for deployment at 26 existing continuous GPS stations in southern California. The low-cost modular design is scalable to the many existing continuous GPS stations worldwide. (2) Estimation of new on-the-fly data products with 1 mm precision and accuracy, including three-dimensional broadband displacements and precipitable water, by new software embedded in the Geodetic Module's processor, rather than at a central processing facility. (3) Development of a Geodetic Sensor Web to allow the semi-autonomous sensors to transmit and receive information in real time by means of redundant sensor proxy servers and message broker networks to allow for robust sensor control, flow of data, data products, models and alarms, and to avoid single points of failure during emergencies. The team from SIO and JPL is working with users at the two National Weather Service Weather Forecast Offices in southern California (San Diego and Los Angeles/Oxnard) and NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory in Boulder to provide tropospheric signal delays and precipitable water vapor estimates for forecasting severe storms and flooding. Broadband displacements for earthquake and tsunami early warning and rapid response are being made available to users in the geophysics community through the Southern California Earthquake Data Center at Caltech.

Bock, Y.; Clayton, R. W.; Fang, P.; Geng, J.; Gutman, S. I.; Kedar, S.; Laber, J. L.; Moore, A. W.; Owen, S. E.; Small, I.; Squibb, M. B.; Webb, F.; Yu, E.

2012-12-01

218

Model-Driven Development of a Web Service-Oriented Architecture and Security Policies.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Applying model-driven development methodologies provide inherent benefits such as increased productivity, greater reuse, and better maintainability, to name a few. Efforts on achieving model-driven development of web services already exist. However, there is currently no complete solution that addresses non-functional aspects of these services as well. This paper presents an ongoing work which seeks to integrate these non-functional aspects in the development of web services, with a clear emp...

Silva Gallino, Juan Pedro; Miguel Cabello, Miguel Angel; Ferna?ndez Briones, Javier; Alonso Mun?oz, Alejandro Antonio

2010-01-01

219

A FPGA Embedded Web Server for Remote Monitoring and Control of Smart Sensors Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the ?CLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI. The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A. Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology.

Eduardo Magdaleno

2013-12-01

220

A FPGA embedded web server for remote monitoring and control of smart sensors networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the ?CLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI). The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A). Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology. PMID:24379047

Magdaleno, Eduardo; Rodríguez, Manuel; Pérez, Fernando; Hernández, David; García, Enrique

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Toward a perception and sensor fusion architecture for a robotic airship  

Science.gov (United States)

Robotic unmanned aerial vehicles have an enormous potential as observation and data-gathering platforms for a wide variety of applications. This paper discusses components of a perception architecture being developed for AURORA (Autonomous Unmanned Remote Monitoring Robotic Airship). The AURORA project focuses on the development of the technologies required for substantially autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles, and for robotic airships in particular. We describe our approach to spatial representation, which incorporates a Markov Random Field (MRF) model used for encoding spatial inferences obtained from sensor imagery. We present a dynamic approach to target recognition that uses a cycle of hypothesis formulation, experiment planning for hypothesis validation, experiment execution, and hypothesis evaluation to confirm or reject the classification of targets into object classes. We also discuss an approach to automatic hovering and landing using visual servoing techniques and interaction matrices, and present preliminary experimental results from our work.

Elfes, Alberto; Carvalho, Jose R.; Bergerman, Marcel; Bueno, Samuel S.

2001-10-01

222

Evolving Wireless Sensor Network Behavior Through Adaptability Points in Middleware Architectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reflection has been proven to be a powerful mechanism to address software adaptation in middleware architectures; however this concept requires that the middleware be open and that modification of all of its functionality and behavior be possible. This leads to systems which are difficult to understand and may quickly overwhelm developers. Safer and more understandable approaches use modeling and put forth a partial implementation of reflective principles while limiting the possible scope of modification, as with translucent middleware. We consider that given the resource constraints in a Wireless Sensor Network (WSNs it is preferable to limit reflective features in order to conserve computational cycles and reduce network traffic. Additionally we do not believe all modifications lie within the concerns of the application developer and we introduce a separation of operational concerns that maps different modification responsibilities and levels of abstractions to different operational roles. We introduce a middleware architecture that provides strategy-controlled adaptability points; which are available to modify the behavior of the middleware's primary functionality. We have evaluated our approach through the implementation of a proof of concept prototype that supportsan industrial use case in the logistics domain and aneed-for-change scenario in the middleware's capacity planning functionality. Results demonstrate how changes in business requirements may be effectively supported through the introduction of adaptability points.

Sam Michiels

2011-08-01

223

A High-level Architecture for Intrusion Detection on Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks: Hierarchical, Scalable and Dynamic Reconfigurable  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Networks protection against different types of attacks is one of most important posed issue into the network and information security domains. This problem on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs, in attention to their special properties, has more importance. Now, there are some of proposed solutions to protect Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs against different types of intrusions; but no one of them has a comprehensive view to this problem and they are usually designed in single-purpose; but, the proposed design in this paper has been a comprehensive view to this issue by presenting a complete Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA. The main contribution of this architecture is its hierarchical structure; i.e. it is designed and applicable, in one, two or three levels, consistent to the application domain and its required security level. Focus of this paper is on the clustering WSNs, designing and deploying Sensor-based Intrusion Detection System (SIDS on sensor nodes, Cluster-based Intrusion Detection System (CIDS on cluster-heads and Wireless Sensor Network wide level Intrusion Detection System (WSNIDS on the central server. Suppositions of the WSN and Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA are: static and heterogeneous network, hierarchical, distributed and clustering structure along with clusters' overlapping. Finally, this paper has been designed a questionnaire to verify the proposed idea; then it analyzed and evaluated the acquired results from the questionnaires.

Hossein Jadidoleslamy

2011-07-01

224

Knowledge base and sensor bus messaging service architecture for critical tsunami warning and decision-support  

Science.gov (United States)

The intelligent management of large volumes of environmental monitoring data for early tsunami warning requires the deployment of robust and scalable service oriented infrastructure that is supported by an agile knowledge-base for critical decision-support In the TRIDEC project (TRIDEC 2010-2013), a sensor observation service bus of the TRIDEC system is being developed for the advancement of complex tsunami event processing and management. Further, a dedicated TRIDEC system knowledge-base is being implemented to enable on-demand access to semantically rich OGC SWE compliant hydrodynamic observations and operationally oriented meta-information to multiple subscribers. TRIDEC decision support requires a scalable and agile real-time processing architecture which enables fast response to evolving subscribers requirements as the tsunami crisis develops. This is also achieved with the support of intelligent processing services which specialise in multi-level fusion methods with relevance feedback and deep learning. The TRIDEC knowledge base development work coupled with that of the generic sensor bus platform shall be presented to demonstrate advanced decision-support with situation awareness in context of tsunami early warning and crisis management.

Sabeur, Z. A.; Wächter, J.; Middleton, S. E.; Zlatev, Z.; Häner, R.; Hammitzsch, M.; Loewe, P.

2012-04-01

225

A survey of system architecture requirements for health care-based wireless sensor networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have emerged as a viable technology for a vast number of applications, including health care applications. To best support these health care applications, WSN technology can be adopted for the design of practical Health Care WSNs (HCWSNs) that support the key system architecture requirements of reliable communication, node mobility support, multicast technology, energy efficiency, and the timely delivery of data. Work in the literature mostly focuses on the physical design of the HCWSNs (e.g., wearable sensors, in vivo embedded sensors, et cetera). However, work towards enhancing the communication layers (i.e., routing, medium access control, et cetera) to improve HCWSN performance is largely lacking. In this paper, the information gleaned from an extensive literature survey is shared in an effort to fortify the knowledge base for the communication aspect of HCWSNs. We highlight the major currently existing prototype HCWSNs and also provide the details of their routing protocol characteristics. We also explore the current state of the art in medium access control (MAC) protocols for WSNs, for the purpose of seeking an energy efficient solution that is robust to mobility and delivers data in a timely fashion. Furthermore, we review a number of reliable transport layer protocols, including a network coding based protocol from the literature, that are potentially suitable for delivering end-to-end reliability of data transmitted in HCWSNs. We identify the advantages and disadvantages of the reviewed MAC, routing, and transport layer protocols as they pertain to the design and implementation of a HCWSN. The findings from this literature survey will serve as a useful foundation for designing a reliable HCWSN and also contribute to the development and evaluation of protocols for improving the performance of future HCWSNs. Open issues that required further investigations are highlighted. PMID:22163881

Egbogah, Emeka E; Fapojuwo, Abraham O

2011-01-01

226

Implementation and performance of a GPS/INS tightly coupled assisted PLL architecture using MEMS inertial sensors.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustness. Within this context, coupling a very simple GPS receiver with an Inertial Navigation System (INS) based on low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) inertial sensors is considered in this paper. In particular, we propose a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL (TCAPLL) architecture, and present most of the associated challenges that need to be addressed when dealing with very-low-performance MEMS inertial sensors. In addition, we propose a data monitoring system in charge of checking the quality of the measurement flow in the architecture. The implementation of the TCAPLL is discussed in detail, and its performance under different scenarios is assessed. Finally, the architecture is evaluated through a test campaign using a vehicle that is driven in urban environments, with the purpose of highlighting the pros and cons of combining MEMS inertial sensors with GPS over GPS alone. PMID:24569773

Tawk, Youssef; Tomé, Phillip; Botteron, Cyril; Stebler, Yannick; Farine, Pierre-André

2014-01-01

227

Implementation and Performance of a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL Architecture Using MEMS Inertial Sensors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustness. Within this context, coupling a very simple GPS receiver with an Inertial Navigation System (INS based on low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS inertial sensors is considered in this paper. In particular, we propose a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL (TCAPLL architecture, and present most of the associated challenges that need to be addressed when dealing with very-low-performance MEMS inertial sensors. In addition, we propose a data monitoring system in charge of checking the quality of the measurement flow in the architecture. The implementation of the TCAPLL is discussed in detail, and its performance under different scenarios is assessed. Finally, the architecture is evaluated through a test campaign using a vehicle that is driven in urban environments, with the purpose of highlighting the pros and cons of combining MEMS inertial sensors with GPS over GPS alone.

Youssef Tawk

2014-02-01

228

POGs2: a web portal to facilitate cross-species inferences about protein architecture and function in plants.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Putative orthologous Groups 2 Database (POGs2) (http://pogs.uoregon.edu/) integrates information about the inferred proteomes of four plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Zea mays, Orza sativa, and Populus trichocarpa) in a display that facilitates comparisons among orthologs and extrapolation of annotations among species. A single-page view collates key functional data for members of each Putative Orthologous Group (POG): graphical representations of InterPro domains, predicted and established intracellular locations, and imported gene descriptions. The display incorporates POGs predicted by two different algorithms as well as gene trees, allowing users to evaluate the validity of POG memberships. The web interface provides ready access to sequences and alignments of POG members, as well as sequences, alignments, and domain architectures of closely-related paralogs. A simple and flexible search interface permits queries by BLAST and by any combination of gene identifier, keywords, domain names, InterPro identifiers, and intracellular location. The concurrent display of domain architectures for orthologous proteins highlights errors in gene models and false-negatives in domain predictions. The POGs2 layout is also useful for exploring candidate genes identified by transposon tagging, QTL mapping, map-based cloning, and proteomics, and for navigating between orthologous groups that belong to the same gene family. PMID:24340041

Tomcal, Michael; Stiffler, Nicholas; Barkan, Alice

2013-01-01

229

The GPS Analysis Package for Exploration and Understanding of Geodetic Sensor Web Time Series Data  

Science.gov (United States)

We introduce the GPS Analysis Package (GAP), a Matlab toolbox for GPS data exploration and understanding. The toolbox is designed to support scientists and engineers studying the motion of the solid Earth both in an academic environment and in the course of NASA missions such as UAVSAR and future InSAR satellite missions. It includes an ensemble of low-level routines to perform basic signal processing operations, such as removal of secular motion, de-noising, and removal of seasonal signals. It also includes a suite of more sophisticated statistical pattern recognition techniques, including hidden Markov models and Bayes nets, to detect changes, identify transient signals, understand regional motion, and uncover relationships between geographically removed nodes in the GPS network. Finally, it provides an assortment of methods for estimating missing observations in the network. We provide usage examples of the package applied to particular scenarios, including the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, and ongoing slow slip events in the Cascadia region. We also demonstrate the utility of the package within a web portal and web services environment by showcasing its use in the QuakeSim web portal. The QuakeSim portal allows easy access to GPS data sources provided by multiple institutions as well as a map and plotting interface to quickly assess analysis results. Finally, we show the extensibility of the package to other problem domains and sensor network data sources, demonstrating the analysis tools as applied to seismic network data, autonomous robotic navigation, and fault detection in engineering data streams from the International Space Station.

Granat, R. A.; Moghaddam, B.; Donnellan, A.

2012-12-01

230

A Distributed Architecture for Collaborative Teleoperation using Virtual Reality and Web Platforms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Augmented Reality (AR) can provide to a Human Operator (HO) a real help to achieve complex tasks, such as remote control of robots and cooperative teleassistance. Using appropriate augmentations, the HO can interact faster, safer and easier with the remote real world. In this paper, we present an extension of an existing distributed software and network architecture for collaborative teleoperation based on networked human-scaled mixed reality and mobile platform. The first teleoperation syste...

2009-01-01

231

Architecture for Improving Terrestrial Logistics Based on the Web of Things  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM), in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehic...

Miguel Castro; Jara, Antonio J.; Antonio Skarmeta

2012-01-01

232

Server Technology – Web Based Service Oriented Architecture for Mobile Augmented Reality System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Server Technology stands for lots of technology in mind like Microsoft, Sun Java, IBM, Open Source and many more. In mobile augmentation, server plays very important role to augment the data. Responsibility of the server is to collect the data , mixed virtual data with real data and these data sent back to client on Remote device at Remote place In this paper we briefly discuss about the server technology for web based Service oriented, also the processing software required for aug...

Jatin Dilipkumar Shah; Dr. Bijendra Agrawal

2012-01-01

233

Architecture of the wood-wide web: Rhizopogon spp. genets link multiple Douglas-fir cohorts.  

Science.gov (United States)

*The role of mycorrhizal networks in forest dynamics is poorly understood because of the elusiveness of their spatial structure. We mapped the belowground distribution of the fungi Rhizopogon vesiculosus and Rhizopogon vinicolor and interior Douglas-fir trees (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca) to determine the architecture of a mycorrhizal network in a multi-aged old-growth forest. *Rhizopogon spp. mycorrhizas were collected within a 30 x 30 m plot. Trees and fungal genets were identified using multi-locus microsatellite DNA analysis. Tree genotypes from mycorrhizas were matched to reference trees aboveground. Two trees were considered linked if they shared the same fungal genet(s). *The two Rhizopogon species each formed 13-14 genets, each colonizing up to 19 trees in the plot. Rhizopogon vesiculosus genets were larger, occurred at greater depths, and linked more trees than genets of R. vinicolor. Multiple tree cohorts were linked, with young saplings established within the mycorrhizal network of Douglas-fir veterans. A strong positive relationship was found between tree size and connectivity, resulting in a scale-free network architecture with small-world properties. *This mycorrhizal network architecture suggests an efficient and robust network, where large trees play a foundational role in facilitating conspecific regeneration and stabilizing the ecosystem. PMID:19878460

Beiler, Kevin J; Durall, Daniel M; Simard, Suzanne W; Maxwell, Sheri A; Kretzer, Annette M

2010-01-01

234

SAMuS: Service-Oriented Architecture for Multisensor Surveillance in Smart Homes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The design of a service-oriented architecture for multisensor surveillance in smart homes is presented as an integrated solution enabling automatic deployment, dynamic selection, and composition of sensors. Sensors are implemented as Web-connected devices, with a uniform Web API. RESTdesc is used to describe the sensors and a novel solution is presented to automatically compose Web APIs that can be applied with existing Semantic Web reasoners. We evaluated the solution by building a smart Kinect sensor that is able to dynamically switch between IR and RGB and optimizing person detection by incorporating feedback from pressure sensors, as such demonstrating the collaboration among sensors to enhance detection of complex events. The performance results show that the platform scales for many Web APIs as composition time remains limited to a few hundred milliseconds in almost all cases. PMID:24778579

Van Hoecke, Sofie; Verborgh, Ruben; Van Deursen, Davy; Van de Walle, Rik

2014-01-01

235

A novel 3D architecture for high-dynamic range image sensor and on-chip data compression  

Science.gov (United States)

High Dynamic Range (HDR) Image sensors aim at having a dynamic over 120dB. Compared to classical architectures this is obtained at the cost of a higher transistor count, thus lower fill factor. Three Dimensional integrated circuits (3DIC) somehow change the constraints, photodiodes and electronics can be stacked on different layers, giving more processing powers without compromising the fill factor. In this paper, we propose an original architecture for a high dynamic 3D image sensor with data reduction obtained by local compression. HDR acquisition is based on a floating point coding shared by a group of pixel (macro-pixel), thus giving also a first level of compression. A second level of compression is performed by using a Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT). With this new concept a good image quality (PSNR of about 40 dB) and a high dynamic range (120 dB) are obtained within a pixel area of 5?m×5?m.

Guezzi-Messaoud, F.; Dupret, A.; Peizerat, A.; Blanchard, Y.

2011-02-01

236

Lightweight filter architecture for energy efficient mobile vehicle localization based on a distributed acoustic sensor network.  

Science.gov (United States)

The generic properties of an acoustic signal provide numerous benefits for localization by applying energy-based methods over a deployed wireless sensor network (WSN). However, the signal generated by a stationary target utilizes a significant amount of bandwidth and power in the system without providing further position information. For vehicle localization, this paper proposes a novel proximity velocity vector estimator (PVVE) node architecture in order to capture the energy from a moving vehicle and reject the signal from motionless automobiles around the WSN node. A cascade structure between analog envelope detector and digital exponential smoothing filter presents the velocity vector-sensitive output with low analog circuit and digital computation complexity. The optimal parameters in the exponential smoothing filter are obtained by analytical and mathematical methods for maximum variation over the vehicle speed. For stationary targets, the derived simulation based on the acoustic field parameters demonstrates that the system significantly reduces the communication requirements with low complexity and can be expected to extend the operation time considerably. PMID:23979482

Kim, Keonwook

2013-01-01

237

Large-scale analysis of the regulatory architecture of the mouse genome with a transposon-associated sensor  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present here a Sleeping Beauty-based transposition system that offers a simple and efficient way to investigate the regulatory architecture of mammalian chromosomes in vivo. With this system, we generated several hundred mice and embryos, each with a regulatory sensor inserted at a random genomic position. This large sampling of the genome revealed the widespread presence of long-range regulatory activities along chromosomes, forming overlapping blocks with distinct tissue-specific express...

Ruf, Sandra; Symmons, Orsolya; Uslu, Veli Vural; Dolle, Dirk; Hot, Chloe; Ettwiller, Laurence; Spitz, Francois

2011-01-01

238

Dolphin-FEW: an architecture for compilers development, monitoring and use on the web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

DOLPHIN is a framework developed to help the construction of high performance, multi-language and retargetable compilers. It is constituted by a set of components, used to build and test new compilers or compiler routines; and by a set of tools, used to access, manage and develop the components. To improve and enlarge the functionalities of the DOLPHIN, several small projects were implemented around the framework, one of them is the DOLPHIN – Front-End for the Web, whose the goal is to buil...

Matos, Paulo; Henriques, Pedro

2003-01-01

239

Web 2.0 systems supporting childhood chronic disease management: A pattern language representation of a general architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic disease management is a global health concern. By the time they reach adolescence, 10–15% of all children live with a chronic disease. The role of educational interventions in facilitating adaptation to chronic disease is receiving growing recognition, and current care policies advocate greater involvement of patients in self-care. Web 2.0 is an umbrella term for new collaborative Internet services characterized by user participation in developing and managing content. Key elements include Really Simple Syndication (RSS to rapidly disseminate awareness of new information; weblogs (blogs to describe new trends, wikis to share knowledge, and podcasts to make information available on personal media players. This study addresses the potential to develop Web 2.0 services for young persons with a chronic disease. It is acknowledged that the management of childhood chronic disease is based on interplay between initiatives and resources on the part of patients, relatives, and health care professionals, and where the balance shifts over time to the patients and their families. Methods Participatory action research was used to stepwise define a design specification in the form of a pattern language. Support for children diagnosed with diabetes Type 1 was used as the example area. Each individual design pattern was determined graphically using card sorting methods, and textually in the form Title, Context, Problem, Solution, Examples and References. Application references were included at the lowest level in the graphical overview in the pattern language but not specified in detail in the textual descriptions. Results The design patterns are divided into functional and non-functional design elements, and formulated at the levels of organizational, system, and application design. The design elements specify access to materials for development of the competences needed for chronic disease management in specific community settings, endorsement of self-learning through online peer-to-peer communication, and systematic accreditation and evaluation of materials and processes. Conclusion The use of design patterns allows representing the core design elements of a Web 2.0 system upon which an 'ecological' development of content respecting these constraints can be built. Future research should include evaluations of Web 2.0 systems implemented according to the architecture in practice settings.

Ekberg Joakim

2008-11-01

240

Lithosphere-to-Ionosphere Plug-and-Play Architecture (LION-PNP): Sensor Networking Made Cheap and Easy  

Science.gov (United States)

The lack of rapidly reconfigurable and easily deployable instrumentation packages often results in information loss during unannounced or time-critical geophysical events such as spaceweather flare-ups, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis. While increasingly powerful and sensitive sensor technologies have been created in the last years to study our planet, robust, yet simple and cost-effective, mechanical, electrical, and data interfaces between these devices and the user (scientist) have yet to be developed. To address this problem, we present the LIthosphere-to-IOnosphere Plug-aNd-Play architecture (LION-PNP), a complete, low cost integration protocol for space, atmospheric, and terrestrial sensor networks. Similar to the USB plug-and-play protocols created for personal computers, LION-PNP offers geophysicists and space scientists the ability to assemble and operate complex sensor packages by simply 'plugging' devices (magnetometers, seismometers, GPS, spectrometers, etc) into a centralized Command and Data Handling unit (CDH). LION-PNP accomplishes this by inserting a Generic Sensor Interpreter (GSI) between the back-end of a device and the CDH. The GSI allows the CDH to automatically configure a sensor without requiring the user to manually install drivers. Furthermore, LION-PNP supports a number wireless networking protocols, allowing arrays of sensor nodes to be deployed rapidly over an area of interest. Finally, LION is compatible with the Android operating system, allowing the user to rapidly visualize, store and distribute data. In the following work, we report on the development of LION-PNP. To validate our hardware and software interfaces, we flew a small 4-point LION network on a multiple high altitude balloon launch. For this campaign, each node carried an array of sensors, including a magnetometer, temperature and pressure sensors, as well as GPS. The LION plug-and-play system allowed us to compose the network minutes before launch. Once in flight, the network and data management were handled by a Nexus 7 tablet.

Darling, N.; Mendez, J. S.; Manes, C.

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
241

A generic software architecture for portable applications in heterogeneous wireless sensor networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the last years, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are acquiring more importance as a promising technology based on tiny devices called sensor nodes or motes able to monitor a wide range of physical phenomenon through sensors. Numerous branches of science are being benefited. The intrinsic ubiquity of sensor nodes and the absence of network infrastructure make possible their deployment in hostile or, up to now, unknown environments which have been typically unaccessible for humans such as vol...

Escolar Di?az, Mari?a Soledad

2010-01-01

242

Very Low-Memory Wavelet Compression Architecture Using Strip-Based Processing for Implementation in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a very low-memory wavelet compression architecture for implementation in severely constrained hardware environments such as wireless sensor networks (WSNs. The approach employs a strip-based processing technique where an image is partitioned into strips and each strip is encoded separately. To further reduce the memory requirements, the wavelet compression uses a modified set-partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT algorithm based on a degree-0 zerotree coding scheme to give high compression performance without the need for adaptive arithmetic coding which would require additional storage for multiple coding tables. A new one-dimension (1D addressing method is proposed to store the wavelet coefficients into the strip buffer for ease of coding. A softcore microprocessor-based hardware implementation on a field programmable gate array (FPGA is presented for verifying the strip-based wavelet compression architecture and software simulations are presented to verify the performance of the degree-0 zerotree coding scheme.

Kah Phooi Seng

2009-01-01

243

Historical Building Monitoring Using an Energy-Efficient Scalable Wireless Sensor Network Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a set of novel low power wireless sensor nodes designed for monitoring wooden masterpieces and historical buildings, in order to perform an early detection of pests. Although our previous star-based system configuration has been in operation for more than 13 years, it does not scale well for sensorization of large buildings or when deploying hundreds of nodes. In this paper we demonstrate the feasibility of a cluster-based dynamic-tree hierarchical Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) arc...

Capella, Juan V.; Angel Perles; Alberto Bonastre; Serrano, Juan J.

2011-01-01

244

iCalm: Wearable Sensor and Network Architecture for Wirelessly Communicating and Logging Autonomic Activity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Widespread use of affective sensing in healthcare applications has been limited due to several practical factors, such as lack of comfortable wearable sensors, lack of wireless standards, and lack of low-power affordable hardware. In this paper, we present a new low-cost, low-power wireless sensor platform implemented using the IEEE 802.15.4 wireless standard, and describe the design of compact wearable sensors for long-term measurement of electrodermal activity, temperature, motor activity, ...

Dobson, Kelly; Fletcher, Richard Ribon; Goodwin, Matthew; Eydgahi, Hoda; Wilder-smith, Oliver; Fernholz, David; Kuboyama, Yuta; Hedman, Elliott Bruce; Poh, Ming-zher; Picard, Rosalind W.

2009-01-01

245

A sensor management architecture concept for monitoring emissions from open-air demil operations.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Sandia National Laboratories, CA proposed a sensor concept to detect emissions from open-burning/open-detonation (OB/OD) events. The system would serve two purposes: (1) Provide data to demilitarization operations about process efficiency, allowing process optimization for cleaner emissions and higher efficiency. (2) Provide data to regulators and neighboring communities about materials dispersing into the environment by OB/OD operations. The proposed sensor system uses instrument control hardware and data visualization software developed at Sandia National Laboratories to link together an array of sensors to monitor emissions from OB/OD events. The suite of sensors would consist of various physical and chemical detectors mounted on stationary or mobile platforms. The individual sensors would be wirelessly linked to one another and controlled through a central command center. Real-time data collection from the sensors, combined with integrated visualization of the data at the command center, would allow for feedback to the sensors to alter operational conditions to adjust for changing needs (i.e., moving plume position, increased spatial resolution, increased sensitivity). This report presents a systems study of the problem of implementing a sensor system for monitoring OB/OD emissions. The goal of this study was to gain a fuller understanding of the political, economic, and technical issues for developing and fielding this technology.

Johnson, Michael M.; Robinson, Jerry D.; Stoddard, Mary Clare; Horn, Brent A.; Lipkin, Joel; Foltz, Greg W.

2005-09-01

246

Enviro-Net: From Networks of Ground-Based Sensor Systems to a Web Platform for Sensor Data Management  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ecosystems monitoring is essential to properly understand their development and the effects of events, both climatological and anthropological in nature. The amount of data used in these assessments is increasing at very high rates. This is due to increasing availability of sensing systems and the development of new techniques to analyze sensor data. The Enviro-Net Project encompasses several of such sensor system deployments across five countries in the Americas. These deployments use a few ...

Pastorello, Gilberto Z.; Arturo Sanchez-azofeifa, G.; Nascimento, Mario A.

2011-01-01

247

Architecture of optical fiber sensor for the simultaneous measurement of axial and radial strains  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this paper is to investigate the ability to measure simultaneously the axial and radial strain with a single optical fiber sensor. The discussion begins with the analytical study of a cylinder subjected to pure tensile strain and thermal load. We emphasize the necessity of measuring the radial strain in order to determine the axial strain of an embedded sensor with accuracy. Then, we describe a few sensors able to measure axial and radial strains and study their efficiency. The conclusion is that the best structure is made of the juxtaposition of a short and a long period grating. (paper)

2013-07-01

248

Low-Power Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum Modem Architecture for Distributed Wireless Sensor Networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Emerging CMOS and MEMS technologies enable the implementation of a large number of wireless distributed microsensors that can be easily and rapidly deployed to form highly redundant, self-configuring, and ad hoc sensor networks. To facilitate ease of depl...

C. Chien I. Elgorriaga C. McConaghy

2001-01-01

249

A Kinematic Approach to Determining the Optimal Actuator Sensor Architecture for Space Robots  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Autonomous space robots will be required for such future missions as the construction of large space structures and repairing disabled satellites. These robots will need to be precisely controlled. However, factors such as manipulator joint/actuator friction and spacecraft attitude control thruster inaccuracies can substantially degrade control system performance. Sensor-based control algorithms can be used to mitigate the effects of actuator error, but sensors can add substantially to a spac...

Boning, Peggy; Dubowsky, Steven

2010-01-01

250

A Secure Web Service-based Platform for Wireless Sensor Network Management and Interrogation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is composed of small, low cost and low energy consumption devices called sensors. Those sensors are deployed in a monitored area. They capture measurements related to the monitored phenomenon (temperature, humidity...) and send them through a multi-hop routing to a sink node that delivers them to a Base Station for use and decision making. WSN are used in several fields ranging from military applications to civilian ones, for security, home automation and healt...

2011-01-01

251

IN-SITU IONIC CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRESH WATER VIA A NOVEL COMBINED MULTI-SENSOR / SIGNAL PROCESSING ARCHITECTURE  

Science.gov (United States)

The capability for comprehensive, real-time, in-situ characterization of the chemical constituents of natural waters is a powerful tool for the advancement of the ecological and geochemical sciences, e.g. by facilitating rapid high-resolution adaptive sampling campaigns and avoiding the potential errors and high costs related to traditional grab sample collection, transportation and analysis. Portable field-ready instrumentation also promotes the goals of large-scale monitoring networks, such as CUASHI and WATERS, without the financial and human resources overhead required for traditional sampling at this scale. Problems of environmental remediation and monitoring of industrial waste waters would additionally benefit from such instrumental capacity. In-situ measurement of all major ions contributing to the charge makeup of natural fresh water is thus pursued via a combined multi-sensor/multivariate signal processing architecture. The instrument is based primarily on commercial electrochemical sensors, e.g. ion selective electrodes (ISEs) and ion selective field-effect transistors (ISFETs), to promote low cost as well as easy maintenance and reproduction,. The system employs a novel architecture of multivariate signal processing to extract accurate information from in-situ data streams via an "unmixing" process that accounts for sensor non-linearities at low concentrations, as well as sensor cross-reactivities. Conductivity, charge neutrality and temperature are applied as additional mathematical constraints on the chemical state of the system. Including such non-ionic information assists in obtaining accurate and useful calibrations even in the non-linear portion of the sensor response curves, and measurements can be made without the traditionally-required standard additions or ionic strength adjustment. Initial work demonstrates the effectiveness of this methodology at predicting inorganic cations (Na+, NH4+, H+, Ca2+, and K+) in a simplified system containing only a single anion (Cl-) in addition to hydroxide, thus allowing charge neutrality to be easily and explicitly invoked. Calibration of every probe relative to each of the five cations present is undertaken, and resulting curves are used to create a representative environmental data set based on USGS data for New England waters. Signal processing methodologies, specifically artificial neural networks (ANNs), are extended to use a feedback architecture based on conductivity measurements and charge neutrality calculations. The algorithms are then tuned to optimize performance of the algorithm at predicting actual concentrations from these simulated signals. Results are compared to use of component probes as stand-alone sensors. Future extension of this instrument for multiple anions (including carbonate and bicarbonate, nitrate, and sulfate) will ultimately provide rapid, accurate field measurements of the entire charge balance of natural waters at high resolution, improving sampling abilities while reducing costs and errors related to transport and analysis of grab samples.

Mueller, A. V.; Hemond, H.

2009-12-01

252

Mediating the Semantic Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cet article développe une extension d'une architecture de médiation pour intégrer le Web sémantique. Plus précisément, XLive est un médiateur tout XML développé à PRiSM. Il permet d'exécuter des XQuery sur des sources de données hétérogènes. Après une rapide présentation de XLive et du Web sémantique, une architecture à trois niveaux d'ontologies et de schémas est introduite pour connecter des adaptateurs pour le Web sémantique. Cette architecture vise à intégrer des so...

Gardarin, Georges; Dang-ngoc, Tuyet-tram

2004-01-01

253

Applications and methods utilizing the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP for bioinformatics resource discovery and disparate data and service integration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Scientific data integration and computational service discovery are challenges for the bioinformatic community. This process is made more difficult by the separate and independent construction of biological databases, which makes the exchange of data between information resources difficult and labor intensive. A recently described semantic web protocol, the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP; pronounced "swap" offers the ability to describe data and services in a semantically meaningful way. We report how three major information resources (Gramene, SoyBase and the Legume Information System [LIS] used SSWAP to semantically describe selected data and web services. Methods We selected high-priority Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL, genomic mapping, trait, phenotypic, and sequence data and associated services such as BLAST for publication, data retrieval, and service invocation via semantic web services. Data and services were mapped to concepts and categories as implemented in legacy and de novo community ontologies. We used SSWAP to express these offerings in OWL Web Ontology Language (OWL, Resource Description Framework (RDF and eXtensible Markup Language (XML documents, which are appropriate for their semantic discovery and retrieval. We implemented SSWAP services to respond to web queries and return data. These services are registered with the SSWAP Discovery Server and are available for semantic discovery at http://sswap.info. Results A total of ten services delivering QTL information from Gramene were created. From SoyBase, we created six services delivering information about soybean QTLs, and seven services delivering genetic locus information. For LIS we constructed three services, two of which allow the retrieval of DNA and RNA FASTA sequences with the third service providing nucleic acid sequence comparison capability (BLAST. Conclusions The need for semantic integration technologies has preceded available solutions. We report the feasibility of mapping high priority data from local, independent, idiosyncratic data schemas to common shared concepts as implemented in web-accessible ontologies. These mappings are then amenable for use in semantic web services. Our implementation of approximately two dozen services means that biological data at three large information resources (Gramene, SoyBase, and LIS is available for programmatic access, semantic searching, and enhanced interaction between the separate missions of these resources.

Nelson Rex T

2010-06-01

254

iCalm: wearable sensor and network architecture for wirelessly communicating and logging autonomic activity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Widespread use of affective sensing in healthcare applications has been limited due to several practical factors, such as lack of comfortable wearable sensors, lack of wireless standards, and lack of low-power affordable hardware. In this paper, we present a new low-cost, low-power wireless sensor platform implemented using the IEEE 802.15.4 wireless standard, and describe the design of compact wearable sensors for long-term measurement of electrodermal activity, temperature, motor activity, and photoplethysmography. We also illustrate the use of this new technology for continuous long-term monitoring of autonomic nervous system and motion data from active infants, children, and adults. We describe several new applications enabled by this system, discuss two specific wearable designs for the wrist and foot, and present sample data. PMID:20064760

Fletcher, Richard Ribon; Dobson, Kelly; Goodwin, Matthew S; Eydgahi, Hoda; Wilder-Smith, Oliver; Fernholz, David; Kuboyama, Yuta; Hedman, Elliott Bruce; Poh, Ming-Zher; Picard, Rosalind W

2010-03-01

255

Teaching the Geoweb: Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Wireless Sensor Networks, Web Mapping, and Geospatial Data Management  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses an effort to incorporate wireless sensor networks and the emerging tools of the Geoweb into undergraduate teaching and research at a small liberal arts college. The primary goal of the research was to identify the hardware, software, and skill sets needed to deploy a local sensor network, collect data, and transmit that data…

Abernathy, David

2011-01-01

256

Field-programmable gate array-based hardware architecture for high-speed camera with KAI-0340 CCD image sensor  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a field-programmable gate array (FPGA)-based hardware architecture for high-speed camera which have fast auto-exposure control and colour filter array (CFA) demosaicing. The proposed hardware architecture includes the design of charge coupled devices (CCD) drive circuits, image processing circuits, and power supply circuits. CCD drive circuits transfer the TTL (Transistor-Transistor-Logic) level timing Sequences which is produced by image processing circuits to the timing Sequences under which CCD image sensor can output analog image signals. Image processing circuits convert the analog signals to digital signals which is processing subsequently, and the TTL timing, auto-exposure control, CFA demosaicing, and gamma correction is accomplished in this module. Power supply circuits provide the power for the whole system, which is very important for image quality. Power noises effect image quality directly, and we reduce power noises by hardware way, which is very effective. In this system, the CCD is KAI-0340 which is can output 210 full resolution frame-per-second, and our camera can work outstandingly in this mode. The speed of traditional auto-exposure control algorithms to reach a proper exposure level is so slow that it is necessary to develop a fast auto-exposure control method. We present a new auto-exposure algorithm which is fit high-speed camera. Color demosaicing is critical for digital cameras, because it converts a Bayer sensor mosaic output to a full color image, which determines the output image quality of the camera. Complexity algorithm can acquire high quality but cannot implement in hardware. An low-complexity demosaicing method is presented which can implement in hardware and satisfy the demand of quality. The experiment results are given in this paper in last.

Wang, Hao; Yan, Su; Zhou, Zuofeng; Cao, Jianzhong; Yan, Aqi; Tang, Linao; Lei, Yangjie

2013-08-01

257

Performance of 3-D architecture silicon sensors after intense proton irradiation  

CERN Multimedia

Silicon detectors with a three-dimensional architecture, in which the n- and p-electrodes penetrate through the entire substrate, have been successfully fabricated. The electrodes can be separated from each other by distances that are less than the substrate thickness, allowing short collection paths, low depletion voltages, and large current signals from rapid charge collection. While no special hardening steps were taken in this initial fabrication run, these features of three dimensional architectures produce an intrinsic resistance to the effects of radiation damage. Some performance measurements are given for detectors that are fully depleted and working after exposures to proton beams with doses equivalent to that from slightly more than ten years at the B-layer radius (50 mm) in the planned Atlas detector at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. (41 refs).

Parker, S I

2001-01-01

258

Very Low-Memory Wavelet Compression Architecture Using Strip-Based Processing for Implementation in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract This paper presents a very low-memory wavelet compression architecture for implementation in severely constrained hardware environments such as wireless sensor networks (WSNs. The approach employs a strip-based processing technique where an image is partitioned into strips and each strip is encoded separately. To further reduce the memory requirements, the wavelet compression uses a modified set-partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT algorithm based on a degree-0 zerotree coding scheme to give high compression performance without the need for adaptive arithmetic coding which would require additional storage for multiple coding tables. A new one-dimension (1D addressing method is proposed to store the wavelet coefficients into the strip buffer for ease of coding. A softcore microprocessor-based hardware implementation on a field programmable gate array (FPGA is presented for verifying the strip-based wavelet compression architecture and software simulations are presented to verify the performance of the degree-0 zerotree coding scheme.

Chew LiWern

2009-01-01

259

An Agent Based Architecture (Using Planning for Dynamic and Semantic Web Services Composition In an EBXML Context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The process-based semantic composition of Web Services is gaining a considerable momentum as anapproach for the effective integration of distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous applications. Tocompose Web Services semantically, we need an ontology. There are several ways of inserting semantics inWeb Services. One of them consists of using description languages like OWL-S. In this paper, we introduceour work which consists in the proposition of a new model and the use of semantic matching technology forsemantic and dynamic composition of ebXML business processes.

O.Hioual

2011-03-01

260

An Agent Based Architecture (Using Planning) for Dynamic and Semantic Web Services Composition in an EBXML Context  

CERN Multimedia

The process-based semantic composition of Web Services is gaining a considerable momentum as an approach for the effective integration of distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous applications. To compose Web Services semantically, we need an ontology. There are several ways of inserting semantics in Web Services. One of them consists of using description languages like OWL-S. In this paper, we introduce our work which consists in the proposition of a new model and the use of semantic matching technology for semantic and dynamic composition of ebXML business processes.

Ouassila, Hioual; 10.5121/ijdms

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless BioMedical Sensor Networks  

CERN Document Server

Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity. Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is bei...

Mukesh, Rajeswari; Bharathi, V Subbiah

2009-01-01

262

A Study of Wireless Sensor Networks for Urban Traffic Monitoring: Applications and Architectures  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the constant increasing of Vehicular traffic around the world, especially in urban areas, existing traffic management solutions become inefficient. This can be clearly seen in our life through persistent traffic jam and rising number of accidents. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) based intelligent transportation systems (ITS) have emerged as a cost effective technology that bear a pivotal potential to overcome these difficulties. This technology enables a new broad range of smart city appl...

Kafi, Mohamed Amine; Challal, Yacine; Djenouri, Djamel; Doudou, Messaoud; Bouabdallah, Abdelmadjid; Badache, Nadjib

2013-01-01

263

Wireless Sensor Network Application Development : An Architecture-Centric MDE Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nowadays, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are a very promising research field since they find application in many different areas. Current proposals for WSN system development are mainly focused on implementation issues and they rarely rely on a Software Engineering methodology which supports their entire development life-cycle. The Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) approach can contribute to solve this problem by allowing designers to model their systems at different abstraction levels, providin...

Losilla Moreno, Fernando; Vicente Chicote, Cristina; A?lvarez Torres, Mari?a Ba?rbara; Iborra Garci?a, Andre?s Jose?; Sa?nchez Palma, Pedro

2007-01-01

264

Network Architecture and Performance Analysis of MULTI-OLT PON for FTTH and Wireless Sensor Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

An integrated fiber-to-the-homes (FTTHs) and wireless sensor network (WSN) provides a cost-effective solution to build up an immaculate ubiquitous-City (U-city). The key objectives of effective convergence of FTTH and WSN are less computational complexity for data packet processing, low installation cost, and good quality of services. In this paper, we introduce an integrated network structure of multi-optical line terminal (multi-OLT) passive optical network (PON) which can accommodate mult...

2012-01-01

265

A Three-Tiered Architecture for Large-Scale Wireless Hospital Sensor Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Utra Wide Band physical layer specified by the IEEE 802.15.4a standard [1] presents numerous advantages comparing with its original IEEE 802.15.4 standard, namely high accuracy positioning ability, high data rate up to 27 mbps, extended communication range, low power consumption and low complexity. Actually, many research and development activities focus on the design of UWB sensor nodes entities. However nodes interactions or network configuration are neglected. For that, we propose in t...

Ben Sliman, Jamila; Song, Ye-qiong; Kouba?a, Anis; Frikha, Mounir

2009-01-01

266

Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless Bio-Medical Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN, a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity.Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is being transmitted from the sensor node to the sink device. This is achieved by authenticating the data using patients biometric , encrypting the data using Quasi Group cryptography after compressing the image data using an energy efficient number theory based technique.

Rajeswari Mukesh

2009-10-01

267

A DVP-Based Bridge Architecture to Randomly Access Pixels of High-Speed Image Sensors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A design of a novel bridge is proposed to interface digital-video-port (DVP compatible image sensors with popular microcontrollers. Most commercially available CMOS image sensors send image data at high speed and in a row-by-row fashion. On the other hand, commercial microcontrollers run at relatively slower speed, and many embedded system applications need random access of pixel values. Moreover, commercial microcontrollers may not have sufficient internal memory to store a complete image of high resolution. The proposed bridge addresses these problems and provides an easy-to-use and compact way to interface image sensors with microcontrollers. The proposed design is verified in FPGA and later implemented using CMOS 0.18?um Artisan library cells. The design costs 4,735 gates and 0.12?mm2 silicon area. The synthesis results show that the bridge can support a data rate up to 254?megasamples/sec. Its applications may include pattern recognition, robotic vision, tracking system, and medical imaging.

Khan TareqHasan

2011-01-01

268

New CMOS digital pixel sensor architecture dedicated to a visual cortical implant  

Science.gov (United States)

A CMOS image sensor with pixel level analog to digital conversion is presented. Each 16?m x 16?m pixel area contains a photodiode, with a fill factor of 22%, a comparator and an 8-bit DRAM, resulting in a total of 44 transistors per pixel. A digital to analog converter is used to deliver a voltage reference to compare with the pixel voltage for the analog to digital conversion. This sensor is required by a visual cortical stimulator, primarily to capture the image which is dedicated to stimulate the visual cortex of a blind patient. An active range finder system will be added to the implant, requiring the difference information between two images, in order to obtain the 3D information useful to the patient. For this purpose, three selectable operation modes are combined in the same pixel circuit. The linear integration, resulting from image capture at multiple exposure times, allows a high intrascene dynamic range. Random accessibility, in space and time, of the array of sensors is possible with the logarithmic mode. And the new differential mode makes the difference between two consecutive images. The circuit of a pixel has been fabricated in CMOS 0.18?m technology and it is under test to validate the full operation of the 3 modes. Also, a matrix of 45 x 90 pixels is currently being implemented for fabrication.

Trépanier, Annie; Trépanier, Jean-Luc; Sawan, Mohamad; Audet, Yves

2004-10-01

269

Personalized Web Services for Web Information Extraction  

CERN Multimedia

The field of information extraction from the Web emerged with the growth of the Web and the multiplication of online data sources. This paper is an analysis of information extraction methods. It presents a service oriented approach for web information extraction considering both web data management and extraction services. Then we propose an SOA based architecture to enhance flexibility and on-the-fly modification of web extraction services. An implementation of the proposed architecture is proposed on the middleware level of Java Enterprise Edition (JEE) servers.

Jarir, Zahi; Erradi, Mahammed

2011-01-01

270

A Development Architecture for Serious Games Using BCI (Brain Computer Interface Sensors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Games that use brainwaves via brain–computer interface (BCI devices, to improve brain functions are known as BCI serious games. Due to the difficulty of developing BCI serious games, various BCI engines and authoring tools are required, and these reduce the development time and cost. However, it is desirable to reduce the amount of technical knowledge of brain functions and BCI devices needed by game developers. Moreover, a systematic BCI serious game development process is required. In this paper, we present a methodology for the development of BCI serious games. We describe an architecture, authoring tools, and development process of the proposed methodology, and apply it to a game development approach for patients with mild cognitive impairment as an example. This application demonstrates that BCI serious games can be developed on the basis of expert-verified theories.

Kyhyun Um

2012-11-01

271

Semantics, Sensors, and the Social Web: The Live Social Semantics Experiments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Live Social Semantics is an innovative application that encourages and guides social networking between researchers at conferences and similar events. The application integrates data from the Semantic Web, online social networks, and a face-to-face contact sensing platform. It helps researchers to find like-minded and influential researchers, to identify and meet people in their community of practice, and to capture and later retrace their real-world networking activities. The application...

Szomszor, Martin; Cattuto, Ciro; Den Broeck, Wouter; Barrat, Alain; Alani, Harith

2010-01-01

272

Architectural solutions of conformal network-centric staring-sensor systems with spherical field of view  

CERN Document Server

The article presents the concept of network-centric conformal electro-optical systems construction with spherical field of view. It discusses abstract passive distributed electro-optical systems with focal array detectors based on a group of moving objects distributed in space. The system performs conformal processing of information from sensor matrix in a single event coordinate-time field. Unequivocally the construction of the systems which satisfy the different criteria of optimality is very complicated and requires special approaches to their development and design. The paper briefly touches upon key questions (in the authors' opinion) in the synthesis of such systems that meet different criteria of optimality. The synthesis of such systems is discussed by authors with the systematic and synergy approaches.

Makarenko, A V

2011-01-01

273

Development of a real-time clinical decision support system upon the web mvc-based architecture for prostate cancer treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A real-time clinical decision support system (RTCDSS with interactive diagrams enables clinicians to instantly and efficiently track patients' clinical records (PCRs and improve their quality of clinical care. We propose a RTCDSS to process online clinical informatics from multiple databases for clinical decision making in the treatment of prostate cancer based on Web Model-View-Controller (MVC architecture, by which the system can easily be adapted to different diseases and applications. Methods We designed a framework upon the Web MVC-based architecture in which the reusable and extractable models can be conveniently adapted to other hospital information systems and which allows for efficient database integration. Then, we determined the clinical variables of the prostate cancer treatment based on participating clinicians' opinions and developed a computational model to determine the pretreatment parameters. Furthermore, the components of the RTCDSS integrated PCRs and decision factors for real-time analysis to provide evidence-based diagrams upon the clinician-oriented interface for visualization of treatment guidance and health risk assessment. Results The resulting system can improve quality of clinical treatment by allowing clinicians to concurrently analyze and evaluate the clinical markers of prostate cancer patients with instantaneous clinical data and evidence-based diagrams which can automatically identify pretreatment parameters. Moreover, the proposed RTCDSS can aid interactions between patients and clinicians. Conclusions Our proposed framework supports online clinical informatics, evaluates treatment risks, offers interactive guidance, and provides real-time reference for decision making in the treatment of prostate cancer. The developed clinician-oriented interface can assist clinicians in conveniently presenting evidence-based information to patients and can be readily adapted to an existing hospital information system and be easily applied in other chronic diseases.

Liang Wen-Miin

2011-03-01

274

Network Architecture and Performance Analysis of MULTI-OLT PON for FTTH and Wireless Sensor Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An integrated fiber-to-the-homes (FTTHs and wireless sensor network (WSN provides a cost-effective solution to build up an immaculate ubiquitous-City (U-city. The key objectives of effective convergence of FTTH and WSN are less computational complexity for data packet processing, low installation cost, and good quality of services. In this paper, we introduce an integrated network structure of multi-optical line terminal (multi-OLT passive optical network (PON which can accommodate multiple service providers in a single PON. A modified version of interleaved polling algorithm is proposed for scheduling of control messages from multiple OLTs in a single network. We also provide detailed numerical analysis of cycle time variation, successive grant scheduling time, and average packet delay for both uniform and non-uniform traffic loads generated by each ONU, using fixed service bandwidth allocation scheme and limited service bandwidth allocation scheme. We also compare the throughput of the proposed scheme with existing single-OLT PON for non-uniform traffic load using limited service bandwidth allocation scheme. The simulation results show that the proposed multi-OLT PON system can supports existing bandwidth allocation schemes with better performance than the single-OLT PON in terms of average packet delay, bandwidth utilization, and throughput.

Masanori Hanawa

2012-01-01

275

Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and sensor web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples.  

Science.gov (United States)

'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE) are now full-fledged, crowdsourced 'Wikipedias of the Earth' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional) models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and 'human-in-the-loop sensing' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust), the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS), as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world. PMID:22188675

Kamel Boulos, Maged N; Resch, Bernd; Crowley, David N; Breslin, John G; Sohn, Gunho; Burtner, Russ; Pike, William A; Jezierski, Eduardo; Chuang, Kuo-Yu Slayer

2011-01-01

276

Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and Sensor Web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Abstract \\'Wikification of GIS by the masses\\' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild\\'s term \\'Volunteered Geographic Information\\'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE) are now full-fledged, crowdsourced \\'Wikipedias of the Earth\\' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional) models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and \\'human-in-the-loop sensing\\' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis\\/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust), the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS), as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world.

Kamel Boulos, Maged N

2011-12-21

277

An Energy-Efficient and High-Quality Video Transmission Architecture in Wireless Video-Based Sensor Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Technological progress in the fields of Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and wireless communications and also the availability of CMOS cameras, microphones and small-scale array sensors, which may ubiquitously capture multimedia content from the field, have fostered the development of low-cost limited resources Wireless Video-based Sensor Networks (WVSN). With regards to the constraints of video-based sensor nodes and wireless sensor networks, a supporting video stream is not easy to i...

Aghdasi, Hadi S.; Maghsoud Abbaspour; Mohsen Ebrahimi Moghadam; Yasaman Samei

2008-01-01

278

Information architecture for digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper surveys information architecture in the context of digital libraries. Key concepts are defined as well as common attributes of information architectures in general. Communications standards — including hybrid TCP/IP-OSI, CORBA, and Web services — are explored, as well as the history of information architecture and related models. A number of digital library projects are analyzed with a focus on their distinct architectures. The key role of information architecture in the design...

Simon, Scott James University Of South Florida

2008-01-01

279

Comprendre le Web caché  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Le Web caché (également appelé Web profond ou Web invisible), c'est-à-dire la partie du Web qui n'est pas directement accessible par des hyperliens, mais à travers des formulaires HTML ou des services Web, est d'une grande valeur, mais difficile à exploiter. Nous présentons un processus pour la découverte, l'analyse syntaxique et sémantique, et l'interrogation des services du Web caché, le tout de manière entièrement automatique. Nous proposons une architecture générale se basan...

Senellart, Pierre

2007-01-01

280

Sensors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new type of ceramic oxygen sensors based on semiconducting oxides was developed in this project. The advantage of these sensors compared to standard ZrO{sub 2} sensors is that they do not require a reference gas and that they can be produced in small sizes. The sensor design and the techniques developed for production of these sensors are judged suitable by the participating industry for a niche production of a new generation of oxygen sensors. Materials research on new oxygen ion conducting conductors both for applications in oxygen sensors and in fuel was also performed in this project and finally a new process was developed for fabrication of ceramic tubes by dip-coating. (EHS)

Jensen, H. [PBI-Dansensor A/S (Denmark); Toft Soerensen, O. [Risoe National Lab., Materials Research Dept. (Denmark)

1999-10-01

 
 
 
 
281

Ultra Compact and Low-power TDC and TAC Architectures for Highly-Parallel Implementation in Time-Resolved Image Sensors  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We report on the design and characterization of three different architectures, namely two Time-to- Digital Converters (TDCs) and a Time-to-Amplitude Converter (TAC) with embedded analog-to-digital conversion, implemented in a 130-nm CMOS imaging technology. The proposed circuit solutions are conceived for implementation at pixel-level, in image sensors exploiting Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes as photodetectors. The fabricated 32x32 TDCs/TACs arrays have a pitch of 50?m in both directions wh...

Stoppa, D.; Borghetti, F.; Richardson, J.; Walker, R.; Henderson, R. K.; Gersbach, M.; Charbon, E.

2011-01-01

282

MISTRAL & ASTRAL: two CMOS Pixel Sensor architectures suited to the Inner Tracking System of the ALICE experiment  

Science.gov (United States)

A detector, equipped with 50 ?m thin CMOS Pixel Sensors (CPS), is being designed for the upgrade of the Inner Tracking System (ITS) of the ALICE experiment at LHC. Two CPS flavours, MISTRAL and ASTRAL, are being developed at IPHC aiming to meet the requirements of the ITS upgrade. The first is derived from the MIMOSA28 sensor designed for the STAR-PXL detector. The second integrates a discriminator in each pixel to improve the readout speed and power consumption. This paper will describe in details the sensor development and show some preliminary test results.

Morel, F.; Hu-Guo, C.; Bertolone, G.; Claus, G.; Colledani, C.; Dorokhov, A.; Dozière, G.; Dulinski, W.; Fang, X.; Goffe, M.; Himmi, A.; Jaaskelainen, K.; Senyukov, S.; Specht, M.; Szelezniak, M.; Pham, H.; Valin, I.; Wang, T.; Winter, M.

2014-01-01

283

Hierarchical Thin Film Architectures for Enhanced Sensor Performance: Liquid Crystal-Mediated Electrochemical Synthesis of Nanostructured Imprinted Polymer Films for the Selective Recognition of Bupivacaine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nanostructured bupivacaine-selective molecularly imprinted 3-aminophenylboronic acid-p-phenylenediamine co-polymer (MIP films have been prepared on gold-coated quartz (Au/quartz resonators by electrochemical synthesis under cyclic voltammetric conditions in a liquid crystalline (LC medium (triton X-100/water. Films prepared in water and in the absence of template were used for control studies. Infrared spectroscopic studies demonstrated comparable chemical compositions for LC and control polymer films. SEM studies revealed that the topologies of the molecularly imprinted polymer films prepared in the LC medium (LC-MIP exhibit discernible 40 nm thick nano-fiber structures, quite unlike the polymers prepared in the absence of the LC-phase. The sensitivity of the LC-MIP in a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM sensor platform was 67.6 ± 4.9 Hz/mM under flow injection analysis (FIA conditions, which was ?250% higher than for the sensor prepared using the aqueous medium. Detection was possible at 100 nM (30 ng/mL, and discrimination of bupivacaine from closely related structural analogs was readily achieved as reflected in the corresponding stability constants of the MIP-analyte complexes. The facile fabrication and significant enhancement in sensor sensitivity together highlight the potential of this LC-based imprinting strategy for fabrication of polymeric materials with hierarchical architectures, in particular for use in surface-dependent application areas, e.g., biomaterials or sensing.

Subramanian Suriyanarayanan

2014-04-01

284

A High-level Architecture for Intrusion Detection on Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks: Hierarchical, Scalable and Dynamic Reconfigurable  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Networks protection against different types of attacks is one of most important posed issue into the network and information security domains. This problem on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), in attention to their special properties, has more importance. Now, there are some of proposed solutions to protect Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) against different types of intrusions; but no one of them has a comprehensive view to this problem and they are usually designed in single-purpose; but, the ...

Hossein Jadidoleslamy

2011-01-01

285

Architecture and Protocol of a Semantic System Designed for Video Tagging with Sensor Data in Mobile Devices  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Current mobile phones come with several sensors and powerful video cameras. These video cameras can be used to capture good quality scenes, which can be complemented with the information gathered by the sensors also embedded in the phones. For example, the surroundings of a beach recorded by the camera of the mobile phone, jointly with the temperature of the site can let users know via the Internet if the weather is nice enough to swim. In this paper, we present a system that tags the video f...

Elsa Macias; Jaime Lloret; Alvaro Suarez; Miguel Garcia

2012-01-01

286

Networking Sensor Observations, Forecast Models & Data Analysis Tools  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation explores the interaction between sensor webs and forecast models and data analysis processes within service oriented architectures (SOA). Earth observation data from surface monitors and satellite sensors and output from earth science models are increasingly available through open interfaces that adhere to web standards, such as the OGC Web Coverage Service (WCS), OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS), OGC Web Processing Service (WPS), SOAP-Web Services Description Language (WSDL), or RESTful web services. We examine the implementation of these standards from the perspective of forecast models and analysis tools. Interoperable interfaces for model inputs, outputs, and settings are defined with the purpose of connecting them with data access services in service oriented frameworks. We review current best practices in modular modeling, such as OpenMI and ESMF/Mapl, and examine the applicability of those practices to service oriented sensor webs. In particular, we apply sensor-model-analysis interfaces within the context of wildfire smoke analysis and forecasting scenario used in the recent GEOSS Architecture Implementation Pilot. Fire locations derived from satellites and surface observations and reconciled through a US Forest Service SOAP web service are used to initialize a CALPUFF smoke forecast model. The results of the smoke forecast model are served through an OGC WCS interface that is accessed from an analysis tool that extract areas of high particulate matter concentrations and a data comparison tool that compares the forecasted smoke with Unattended Aerial System (UAS) collected imagery and satellite-derived aerosol indices. An OGC WPS that calculates population statistics based on polygon areas is used with the extract area of high particulate matter to derive information on the population expected to be impacted by smoke from the wildfires. We described the process for enabling the fire location, smoke forecast, smoke observation, and population statistics services to be registered with the GEOSS registry and made findable through the GEOSS Clearinghouse. The fusion of data sources and different web service interfaces illustrate the agility in using standard interfaces and help define the type of input and output interfaces needed to connect models and analysis tools within sensor webs.

Falke, S. R.; Roberts, G.; Sullivan, D.; Dibner, P. C.; Husar, R. B.

2009-12-01

287

Web Portal for Multicast Delivery Management.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a Web portal for multicast communication management, which provides fully automatic service management with integrated provisioning of hardware equipment. Describes the software architecture, the implementation, and the application usage of the Web portal for multicast delivery. (Author/AEF)

Mannaert, H.; De Gruyter, B.; Adriaenssens, P.

2003-01-01

288

High Level Modeling and Planning ofWireless Sensor Network : Preliminary Study towards the Service Oriented Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nowadays, wireless sensor network (WSN) is becoming popular in various fields of different industries along with the rapid development of hardware and software. Whereas more and more WSN applications come into use has make it difficult for consumers especially those who do not have professional knowledge to use. So it is urgently necessary and significant to offer services which do not need professional knowledge to satisfy consumers’ requirements from the users’ point of view. Therefore,...

2012-01-01

289

Implementation and Performance of a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL Architecture Using MEMS Inertial Sensors  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustne...

Tawk, Youssef; Tome?, Phillip; Botteron, Cyril; Stebler, Yannick; Farine, Pierre-andre?

2014-01-01

290

Building a flexible web caching system.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web caching is a technology that has demonstrated to improve traffic on the Internet. To find out how to implement a Web caching architecture that assures improvements is not an easy task. The problem is more difficult when we are interested in deploying a distributed and cooperative Web caching system. We have found that some cooperative Web caching architectures could be unviable when changes on the network environment appear. This situation suggests that a cooperati...

Sosa Sosa, Vi?ctor Jesu?s; Gonza?lez Serna, Juan Gabriel; Navarro Moldes, Leandro

2003-01-01

291

Web Communities Defined by Web Page Content  

Science.gov (United States)

In this chapter, we are looking for a relationship between the intent of Web pages, their architecture and the communities who take part in their usage and creation. For us, the Web page is entity carrying information around these communities. Our chapter describes techniques which can be used to extract the mentioned information as well as tools usable in the analysis of this information. Information about communities could be used in several ways thanks to our approach. Finally, we present experiments which prove the feasibility of our approach. These experiments also show a possible way as to how to measure the similarity of Web pages and Web sites using microgenres. We define the microgenre as a building block of Web pages which is based on the social interaction.

Kud?lka, Miloš; Snášel, Václav; Horák, Zden?k; Hassanien, Aboul Ella; Abraham, Ajith

292

The definitive guide to HTML5 WebSocket  

CERN Document Server

The Definitive Guide to HTML5 WebSocket is the ultimate insider's WebSocket resource. This revolutionary new web technology enables you to harness the power of true real-time connectivity and build responsive, modern web applications.   This book contains everything web developers and architects need to know about WebSocket. It discusses how WebSocket-based architectures provide a dramatic reduction in unnecessary network overhead and latency compared to older HTTP (Ajax) architectures, how to layer widely used protocols such as XMPP and STOMP on top of WebSocket, and how to secure WebSocket c

Wang, Vanessa; Moskovits, Peter

2013-01-01

293

An Intelligent SQL Tutor on the Web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper presents SQLT-Web, a Web-enabled intelligent tutoring system for the SQL database language. SQLT-Web is a Web-enabled version of an earlier, standalone ITS. In this paper we describe how the components of the standalone system were reused to develop the Web-enabled system. The system observes students' actions and adapts to their knowledge and learning abilities. We describe the system's architecture in comparison to the architectures of other existing Web-enabled tutors. All tutori...

Mitrovic, Antonija

2003-01-01

294

Architectural Layout Design Optimization  

Science.gov (United States)

This joint effort between architecture and mechanical engineering researchers at the University of Michigan applied geometrical and topological optimization techniques to building floorplan layout. In the course of their research, they developed an optimization tool that is briefly described and can be downloaded from a Web site given in the paper.

Choudhary, Ruchi; Michalek, Jeremy J.; Papalambros, Panos Y.

2008-05-27

295

DYNAMIC INVOCATION OF WEB SERVICES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available When we use web service, we should add it in the web reference and then call its methods statically. This way of calling web services has lots of limitations. In order to take maximum advantage of the flexibility and power of Web services, the user must be able to dynamically discover and invoke a Web service. We need to dynamically discover and invoke the service because the information returned from web services can be used by heterogeneous applications which are executed on different machines. As our business world is dynamic and heterogeneous, a client often needs to invoke an unfamiliar web service at run time. However, current web services technology pays little attention to this issue. In this paper, we propose a framework for a client to dynamically invoke web services. The framework can increase the use and reliability of web services invocation in a dynamic, heterogeneous environment. Web Service has been widely accepted by industry. How to find and integrate existing Web Service is a crucial work. Client finds Web Service from UDDI Registry and invokes it directly as described in a contract, web service description language, WSDL. It is difficult for an enterprise user to dynamically invoke the most appropriate Web Service. This paper briefly introduces Service-Oriented Architecture and discusses advantages and disadvantages of UDDI, then puts forward a dynamic Web Service framework that extends the SOA.

Tere G.M., Jadhav B.T. and Mudholkar R.R.

2012-03-01

296

Service-oriented high level architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Service-oriented High Level Architecture (SOHLA) refers to the high level architecture (HLA) enabled by Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web Services etc. techniques which supports distributed interoperating services. The detailed comparisons between HLA and SOA are made to illustrate the importance of their combination. Then several key enhancements and changes of HLA Evolved Web Service API are introduced in comparison with native APIs, such as Federation Developmen...

Wang, Wenguang; Yu, Wenguang; Li, Qun; Wang, Weiping; Liu, Xichun

2009-01-01

297

Verification on the WEB  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web services allow the components of applications to be highly decentralized, dynamically reconfigurable. Moreover, Web services can interoperate easily inside an eterogeneous network environment. The vast majority of current available verification environments have been built by sticking to traditional architectural styles. Hence, they are centralized and none of them deal with interoperability and dynamic reconfigurability. In this paper we present a verification toolkit whose design and im...

Ferrari, Gianluigi; Gnesi, Stefania; Montanari, Ugo; Raggi, Roberto; Trentanni, Gianluca; Tuosto, Emilio

2002-01-01

298

Web Resources Annotation for the Web of Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semantic annotation of web resources is an essential ingredient to leverage the web of information to the semantic web where resources are easily shared and reused. In the education field, reusing hypermedia web resources can support to a great deal the design of modern instructional environments and the development of interactive and non-linear material for learning. Sharing and reusing these resources by different web applications and services presupposes that they are visible for retrieval through a semantic description of their content, function and relations with other resources. This paper presents the annotation and discovery of web resources to create learning objects that constitute the building blocks of learning sessions which are delivered to users in the Web of Learning. Semantic annotation is done by the contextual exploration method which analyzes web resources’ text descriptions and metadata in order to annotate automatically resources. We present the system architecture and a case study that illustrates the proposed approach.

Jawad Berri

2013-12-01

299

Composite Design Pattern for Feature Oriented Service Injection and Composition of Web Services for Distributed Computing Systems with Service Oriented Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the advent of newly introduced programming models like Feature-Oriented Programming (FOP), we feel that it will be more flexible to include the new service invocation function into the service providing server as a Feature Module for the self-adaptive distributed systems. A composite design patterns shows a synergy that makes the composition more than just the sum of its parts which leads to ready-made software architectures. In this paper we describe the amalgamation o...

Mannava, Vishnuvardhan; Ramesh, T.

2012-01-01

300

GOOSE: semantic search on internet connected sensors  

Science.gov (United States)

More and more sensors are getting Internet connected. Examples are cameras on cell phones, CCTV cameras for traffic control as well as dedicated security and defense sensor systems. Due to the steadily increasing data volume, human exploitation of all this sensor data is impossible for effective mission execution. Smart access to all sensor data acts as enabler for questions such as "Is there a person behind this building" or "Alert me when a vehicle approaches". The GOOSE concept has the ambition to provide the capability to search semantically for any relevant information within "all" (including imaging) sensor streams in the entire Internet of sensors. This is similar to the capability provided by presently available Internet search engines which enable the retrieval of information on "all" web pages on the Internet. In line with current Internet search engines any indexing services shall be utilized cross-domain. The two main challenge for GOOSE is the Semantic Gap and Scalability. The GOOSE architecture consists of five elements: (1) an online extraction of primitives on each sensor stream; (2) an indexing and search mechanism for these primitives; (3) a ontology based semantic matching module; (4) a top-down hypothesis verification mechanism and (5) a controlling man-machine interface. This paper reports on the initial GOOSE demonstrator, which consists of the MES multimedia analysis platform and the CORTEX action recognition module. It also provides an outlook into future GOOSE development.

Schutte, Klamer; Bomhof, Freek; Burghouts, Gertjan; van Diggelen, Jurriaan; Hiemstra, Peter; van't Hof, Jaap; Kraaij, Wessel; Pasman, Huib; Smith, Arthur; Versloot, Corne; de Wit, Joost

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
301

Sensors Weekly  

Science.gov (United States)

This is are very active web site devoted to the emerging technology area of sensors. It is updated continously, with technical articles, resources, and news about advances and new applications of sensor technology. It has seven major focus areas that are covered: electronics & computers, machine manufacturing, process industries, automotive, aerospace/military/homeland security, specialty markets, and wireless & M2M. This is an excellent source of up-to-date information about this technical area.

2011-02-23

302

Project Integration Architecture: Application Architecture.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Project Integration Architecture (PIA) implements a flexible, object-oriented, wrapping architecture which encapsulates all of the information associated with engineering applications. The architecture allows the progress of a project to be tracked an...

W. H. Jones

2005-01-01

303

Inter-organizational Interoperability through integration of Multiagent, Web Service, and Semantic Web Technologies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a software architecture for inter-organizational multiagent systems. The architecture integrates Web service technology into multiagent systems to overcome the technical interoperability problem of current multiagent systems in the fast growing service-oriented environments. We integrate Semantic Web technology to make multiagent systems semantically interoperable. We address the problem of interoperability regarding interfaces, messaging protocols, data exchanged, and sec...

Karaenke, Paul; Schuele, Michael; Micsik, Andra?s; Kipp, Alexander

2012-01-01

304

Robot Electronics Architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

An electronics architecture has been developed to enable the rapid construction and testing of prototypes of robotic systems. This architecture is designed to be a research vehicle of great stability, reliability, and versatility. A system according to this architecture can easily be reconfigured (including expanded or contracted) to satisfy a variety of needs with respect to input, output, processing of data, sensing, actuation, and power. The architecture affords a variety of expandable input/output options that enable ready integration of instruments, actuators, sensors, and other devices as independent modular units. The separation of different electrical functions onto independent circuit boards facilitates the development of corresponding simple and modular software interfaces. As a result, both hardware and software can be made to expand or contract in modular fashion while expending a minimum of time and effort.

Garrett, Michael; Magnone, Lee; Aghazarian, Hrand; Baumgartner, Eric; Kennedy, Brett

2008-01-01

305

Writing for the web composing, coding, and constructing web sites  

CERN Document Server

Writing for the Web unites theory, technology, and practice to explore writing and hypertext for website creation. It integrates such key topics as XHTML/CSS coding, writing (prose) for the Web, the rhetorical needs of the audience, theories of hypertext, usability and architecture, and the basics of web site design and technology. Presenting information in digestible parts, this text enables students to write and construct realistic and manageable Web sites with a strong theoretical understanding of how online texts communicate to audiences. Key features of the book

Applen, JD

2013-01-01

306

Use of World Wide Web and NCSA Mcsaic at Langley  

Science.gov (United States)

A brief history of the use of the World Wide Web at Langley Research Center is presented along with architecture of the Langley Web. Benefits derived from the Web and some Langley projects that have employed the World Wide Web are discussed.

Nelson, Michael

1994-01-01

307

Terra Harvest software architecture  

Science.gov (United States)

Under the Terra Harvest Program, the DIA has the objective of developing a universal Controller for the Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) community. The mission is to define, implement, and thoroughly document an open architecture that universally supports UGS missions, integrating disparate systems, peripherals, etc. The Controller's inherent interoperability with numerous systems enables the integration of both legacy and future UGS System (UGSS) components, while the design's open architecture supports rapid third-party development to ensure operational readiness. The successful accomplishment of these objectives by the program's Phase 3b contractors is demonstrated via integration of the companies' respective plug-'n'-play contributions that include controllers, various peripherals, such as sensors, cameras, etc., and their associated software drivers. In order to independently validate the Terra Harvest architecture, L-3 Nova Engineering, along with its partner, the University of Dayton Research Institute, is developing the Terra Harvest Open Source Environment (THOSE), a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) running on an embedded Linux Operating System. The Use Cases on which the software is developed support the full range of UGS operational scenarios such as remote sensor triggering, image capture, and data exfiltration. The Team is additionally developing an ARM microprocessor-based evaluation platform that is both energy-efficient and operationally flexible. The paper describes the overall THOSE architecture, as well as the design decisions for some of the key software components. Development process for THOSE is discussed as well.

Humeniuk, Dave; Klawon, Kevin

2012-05-01

308

SWI-Prolog and the Web  

CERN Multimedia

Where Prolog is commonly seen as a component in a Web application that is either embedded or communicates using a proprietary protocol, we propose an architecture where Prolog communicates to other components in a Web application using the standard HTTP protocol. By avoiding embedding in external Web servers development and deployment become much easier. To support this architecture, in addition to the transfer protocol, we must also support parsing, representing and generating the key Web document types such as HTML, XML and RDF. This paper motivates the design decisions in the libraries and extensions to Prolog for handling Web documents and protocols. The design has been guided by the requirement to handle large documents efficiently. The described libraries support a wide range of Web applications ranging from HTML and XML documents to Semantic Web RDF processing. To appear in Theory and Practice of Logic Programming (TPLP)

Wielemaker, Jan; van der Meij, Lourens

2007-01-01

309

Vehicle architecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This article examines how the design of the automotive body and chassis is influenced by vehicle size, cost, production volume, customer preference, and performance. The topics of the article include a look at vehicle architectures over the past 100 years; recent architectures influenced by the desire for increased fuel economy, safety, comfort, and ease of manufacture; and possible future architectures.

NONE

1996-06-01

310

IVOA Architecture  

CERN Document Server

This note describes the technical architecture of the IVOA. The description is decomposed into three levels. Level 0 is a general, high level summary of the IVOA Architecture. Level 1 provides more details about components and functionalities, still without being overly technical. Finally, Level 2 displays how the IVOA standards fit into the IVOA Architecture.

Arviset, Christophe

2011-01-01

311

GENERAL WEB KNOWLEDGE MINING FRAMEWORK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mining the web is defined as discovering knowledge from hypertext and World Wide Web. The World Wide Web is one of the longest rising areas of intelligence gathering. Now a day there are billions of web pages, HTML archive accessible via the internet, and the number is still increasing. However, considering the inspiring diversity of the web, retrieving of interestingness web based content has become a very complex task. The large amount of data heterogeneity, complex format, high dimensional data and lack of structure of web, knowledge mining is a challenging task. In this paper, it is proposed to introduce a new framework generated to handle unstructured complex data. This web knowledge mining expertise brings forward a kind of XML-based distributed data mining architecture. Based on the research of web knowledge mining, XML is used to create well structured data. Web knowledge mining framework attempts to determine useful knowledge from derived data, complex format, and high dimensional data obtained from the interactions of the users through the Web.

B. Madasamy

2012-10-01

312

Distributed Geocomputations and Web Collaboration  

Science.gov (United States)

With the new Cyberinfrastructure available to the scientific community, advanced geocomputations are often distributed and with Virtual Globes, Observatories and HUBs, the environment is most conducive to web collaboration. Remote sensors can be networked using the web facilities and observational data analyzed from the desks of scientists in practically any location around the world. This is especially important in such fields as astronomy, geophysics and environmental science which have observatories and sensor instrumentation most often in remote locations. Examples of web networks will be described with some of the computational challenges for geoscientists. In particular, the Turtle Mountain Monitoring Project and Field Laboratory in South-Western Alberta will be briefly discussed. With the semantic web and related developments, scientific knowledge is going to benefit from such web collaboration in ways unheard of only a few years ago.

Blais, J.

2009-05-01

313

Performative Urban Architecture : place-making in-between architecture and socio-technical systems  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper explores how performative urban architecture can enhance community-making and public domain using socio-technical systems and digital technologies to constitute an urban reality. Digital medias developed for the web are now increasingly occupying the urban realm as a tool for navigating the physical world e.g. as exemplified by the Google Walk Score and the mobile extension of the Google Maps to the iPhone. At the same time the development in pervasive technologies and situated computing extends the build environment with digital feedback systems that are increasingly embedded and deployed using sensor technologies opening up for new access considerations in architecture as well as the ability for a local environment to act as real-time sources of information and facilities. Starting from the NoRA pavilion for the 10th International Architecture Biennale in Venice the paper discusses the perspectives of using interactive technologies for performative objects, which are able to register the impulses of urban activity and reproduce the contexts of the city. In this way the performative environment is established as an event setting providing an embodied experience as a â??quasi-object' that can couple relationships between architecture, humans and society. These performative relationships between digital and physical environments are seen as illustrative of the social production of space by performance and the creative production of identity. The paper reflects on the perspectives of these performative environments to understand how the urban is forged in a manifold of actions and interactions and how performative objects can mediate relationships in changing social constellations.

Thomsen, Bo Stjerne; Jensen, Ole B.

314

Smart Data Web Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the new world where the Internet business resembles with a large and distributed sea of links, using Cloud architectural model, the web-service interoperability and SOA model one could deploy an arguably new class/generation of apps/services that could leverage the marriage of these originally distinct computing models to be real smart, as autonomous, dynamic and agile, but open to integrate and adapt.

C?t?lin STRIMBEI

2012-01-01

315

Smart Data Web Services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the new world where the Internet business resembles with a large and distributed sea of links, using Cloud architectural model, the web-service interoperability and SOA model one could deploy an arguably new class/generation of apps/services that could leverage the marriage of these originally distinct computing models to be real smart, as autonomous, dynamic and agile, but open to integrate and adapt.

Strimbei, Ca?ta?lin

2012-01-01

316

Improvements to Web Toolkits for Antelope-based Real-time Monitoring Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

The Antelope Environmental Monitoring System (http://www.brtt.com) is a robust middleware architecture for near-real-time data collection, analysis, archiving and distribution. Antelope has an extensive toolkit allowing users to interact directly with their datasets. A rudimentary interface was developed in previous work between Antelope and the web-scripting language PHP (The PHP language is described in more detail at http://www.php.net). This interface allowed basic application development for remote access to and interaction with near-real-time data through a World Wide Web interface. We have added over 70 new functions for the Antelope interface to PHP, providing a solid base for web-scripting of near-real-time Antelope database applications. In addition, we have designed a new structure for web sites to be created from the Antelope platform, including PHP applications and Perl CGI scripts as well as static pages. Finally we have constructed the first version of the dbwebproject program, designed to dynamically create and maintain web-sites from specified recipes. These tools have already proven valuable for the creation of web tools for the dissemination of and interaction with near-real-time data streams from multi-signal-domain real-time sensor networks. We discuss current and future directions of this work in the context of the ROADNet project. Examples and applications of these core tools are elaborated in a companion presentation in this session (Newman et al., AGU 2005, session IN06).

Lindquist, K. G.; Newman, R. L.; Vernon, F. L.; Hansen, T. S.; Orcutt, J.

2005-12-01

317

Wireless Sensor Networks Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

This viewgraph presentation provides information on hardware and software configurations for a network architecture for sensors. The hardware configuration uses a central station and remote stations. The software configuration uses the 'lost station' software algorithm. The presentation profiles a couple current examples of this network architecture in use.

Perotti, Jose M.

2003-01-01

318

The tsunami service bus, an integration platform for heterogeneous sensor systems  

Science.gov (United States)

1. INTRODUCTION Early warning systems are long living and evolving: New sensor-systems and -types may be developed and deployed, sensors will be replaced or redeployed on other locations and the functionality of analyzing software will be improved. To ensure a continuous operability of those systems their architecture must be evolution-enabled. From a computer science point of view an evolution-enabled architecture must fulfill following criteria: • Encapsulation of and functionality on data in standardized services. Access to proprietary sensor data is only possible via these services. • Loose coupling of system constituents which easily can be achieved by implementing standardized interfaces. • Location transparency of services what means that services can be provided everywhere. • Separation of concerns that means breaking a system into distinct features which overlap in functionality as little as possible. A Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) as e. g. realized in the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) and the advantages of functional integration on the basis of services described below adopt these criteria best. 2. SENSOR INTEGRATION Integration of data from (distributed) data sources is just a standard task in computer science. From few well known solution patterns, taking into account performance and security requirements of early warning systems only functional integration should be considered. Precondition for this is that systems are realized compliant to SOA patterns. Functionality is realized in form of dedicated components communicating via a service infrastructure. These components provide their functionality in form of services via standardized and published interfaces which could be used to access data maintained in - and functionality provided by dedicated components. Functional integration replaces the tight coupling at data level by a dependency on loosely coupled services. If the interfaces of the service providing components remain unchanged, components can be maintained and evolved independently on each other and service functionality as a whole can be reused. In GITEWS the functional integration pattern was adopted by applying the principles of an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) as a backbone. Four services provided by the so called Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) which are essential for early warning systems are realized compliant to services specified within the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) initiative of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). 3. ARCHITECTURE The integration platform was developed to access proprietary, heterogeneous sensor data and to provide them in a uniform manner for further use. Its core, the TSB provides both a messaging-backbone and -interfaces on the basis of a Java Messaging Service (JMS). The logical architecture of GITEWS consists of four independent layers: • A resource layer where physical or virtual sensors as well as data or model storages provide relevant measurement-, event- and analysis-data: Utilizable for the TSB are any kind of data. In addition to sensors databases, model data and processing applications are adopted. SWE specifies encoding both to access and to describe these data in a comprehensive way: 1. Sensor Model Language (SensorML): Standardized description of sensors and sensor data 2. Observations and Measurements (O&M): Model and encoding of sensor measurements • A service layer to collect and conduct data from heterogeneous and proprietary resources and provide them via standardized interfaces: The TSB enables interaction with sensors via the following services: 1. Sensor Observation Service (SOS): Standardized access to sensor data 2. Sensor Planning Service (SPS): Controlling of sensors and sensor networks 3. Sensor Alert Service (SAS): Active sending of data if defined events occur 4. Web Notification Service (WNS): Conduction of asynchronous dialogues between services • An orchestration layer where atomic services are composed and arranged to high level processes like a decision support process: One of the outstand

Haener, R.; Waechter, J.; Kriegel, U.; Fleischer, J.; Mueller, S.

2009-04-01

319

Creating Multiuser Web3D Applications Embedded in Web Pages  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is not common to find web pages that show interactive multi-user 3D virtual environments as part of their contents without requiring special plug-ins for the web browser to be able to execute such an application. This paper presents a new architecture based on Java technology to create web portals which include 3D virtual scenarios that many users may share whose actions in that environment can incur in automatic updating of the rest of the portal's contents, without requiring any special ...

Xandre Chourio; Francisco Luengo; Gerardo Pirela

2011-01-01

320

Creating Multiuser Web3D Applications Embedded in Web Pages  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is not common to find web pages that show interactive multi-user 3D virtual environments as part of their contents without requiring special plug-ins for the web browser to be able to execute such an application. This paper presents a new architecture based on Java technology to create web portals which include 3D virtual scenarios that many users may share whose actions in that environment can incur in automatic updating of the rest of the portal's contents, without requiring any special additional software to be displayed by or installed unto any browser.

Xandre Chourio

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

A Tool Suite to Enable Web Designers, Web Application Developers and End-users to Handle Semantic Data  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Current web application development requires highly qualified staff, dealing with an extensive number of architectures and technologies. When these applications incorporate semantic data, the list of skill requirements becomes even larger, leading to a high adoption barrier for the development of semantically enabled Web applications. This paper describes VPOET, a tool focused mainly on two types of users: web designers and web application developers. By using this tool, web designers do not ...

2010-01-01

322

Recuperación de servicios Web basada en propiedades no funcionales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, Semantic Web Services recovery systems are based on the use of descriptions of inputs, outputs, preconditions, and results; neglecting some existing non-functional properties. In this paper, we define an experimental architecture (intended for Web service recovery that improves the process of semantic-web-service discovery and retrieval based on the information that describes both user requirements and service-associated non-functional properties. The proposed architecture represents a technological alternative to current standards aimed at describing and managing non-functional properties. In this architecture, graph matchmaking techniques were used to compare and recover semantic Web services.

Esteban Guerrero

2012-09-01

323

Application specific web log pre-processing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web Usage Mining discovers interesting patterns in accesses to various Web pages within the Web space associated with a particular server. The Web Usage Mining architecture divides the process into two main parts- the first part includes pre-processing, transaction identification, and data integration components. The second part includes the largely domain independent application of generic data mining and pattern matching. Nearly 80% of mining efforts often spend to improve the quality of data. All application removes error log, css file log etc., but pre-processing also depends on application. This paper presents customized web log pre-processing which reduces size of logs to be mined

Ravindra Gupta

2012-01-01

324

Early Performance Prediction of Web Services  

CERN Document Server

Web Service is an interface which implements business logic. Performance is an important quality aspect of Web services because of their distributed nature. Predicting the performance of web services during early stages of software development is significant. In this paper we model web service using Unified Modeling Language, Use Case Diagram, Sequence Diagram, Deployment Diagram. We obtain the Performance metrics by simulating the web services model using a simulation tool Simulation of Multi-Tier Queuing Architecture. We have identified the bottle neck resources.

Reddy, Ch Ram Mohan; Srinivasa, K G; Kumar, T V Suresh; Kanth, K Rajani

2012-01-01

325

Web Engineering  

CERN Multimedia

Web Engineering is the application of systematic, disciplined and quantifiable approaches to development, operation, and maintenance of Web-based applications. It is both a pro-active approach and a growing collection of theoretical and empirical research in Web application development. This paper gives an overview of Web Engineering by addressing the questions: a) why is it needed? b) what is its domain of operation? c) how does it help and what should it do to improve Web application development? and d) how should it be incorporated in education and training? The paper discusses the significant differences that exist between Web applications and conventional software, the taxonomy of Web applications, the progress made so far and the research issues and experience of creating a specialisation at the master's level. The paper reaches a conclusion that Web Engineering at this stage is a moving target since Web technologies are constantly evolving, making new types of applications possible, which in turn may r...

Deshpande, Y; Ginige, A; Hansen, S; Schwabe, D; Gaedke, M; White, B; Deshpande, Yogesh; Murugesan, San; Ginige, Athula; Hansen, Steve; Schwabe, Daniel; Gaedke, Martin; White, Bebo

2003-01-01

326

Programming Web Services with SOAP  

CERN Multimedia

The web services architecture provides a new way to think about and implement application-to-application integration and interoperability that makes the development platform irrelevant. Two applications, regardless of operating system, programming language, or any other technical implementation detail, communicate using XML messages over open Internet protocols such as HTTP or SMTP. The Simple Open Access Protocol (SOAP) is a specification that details how to encode that information and has become the messaging protocol of choice for Web services.Programming Web Services with SOAP is a detail

Snell, James L; Kulchenko, Pavel

2002-01-01

327

Managing source schema evolution in web warehouses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Web Data Warehouses have been introduced to enable the analysis of integrated Web data. One of the main challenges in these systems is to deal with the volatile and dynamic nature of Web sources. In this work we address the effects of adding/removing/changing Web sources and data items to the Data W [...] arehouse (DW) schema. By managing source evolution we mean the automatic propagation of these changes to the DW. The proposed approach is based on a wrapper/mediator architecture, which reduces the impact of Web source changes on the DW schema. This paper presents this architecture and analyses some selected evolution cases in the context of Web DW.

Adriana, Marotta; Regina, Motz; Raul, Ruggia.

328

Software architecture  

CERN Document Server

As a software architect you work in a wide-ranging and dynamic environment. You have to understand the needs of your customer, design architectures that satisfy both functional and non-functional requirements, and lead development teams in implementing the architecture. And it is an environment that is constantly changing: trends such as cloud computing, service orientation, and model-driven procedures open up new architectural possibilities. This book will help you to develop a holistic architectural awareness and knowledge base that extends beyond concrete methods, techniques, and technologi

Vogel, Oliver; Chughtai, Arif

2011-01-01

329

Dynamic Web Service Calls for Data Integration  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web Services are considered as a dominant paradigm for constructing and composing distributed business application and enabling enterprise-wide interoperability. A peer to peer architecture provides a decentralized infrastructure in sync with the spirit of the web and that scales well to its size. In ...

Salima Benbernou; Mohand Said Hacid

2006-01-01

330

[Application of wireless sensor networks in healthcare].  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces general architecture of wireless sensor networks architecture and application in healthcare, discusses the application direction which is urgent need to expand in medical field. PMID:24409794

Li, Yiming; Li, Bin; Qian, Mingli; Wang, Longchen

2013-09-01

331

Wavelet Based Approach for Sensor Validation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this paper is to study the wavelet based approach for sensor validation. Earlier the sensors were viewed as simple signal generators and were also assumed that the data generated by the sensors were correct. But with the emergence of the concept of smart sensors, the sensor architecture has been changed. Recent research importance on intelligent sensor is given on assessing the quality of the sensor signal [1]. The signal generator methods are no longer acceptable. As a mat...

2012-01-01

332

Consuming Web Services on Mobile Platforms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web services are an emerging technology that provides interoperability between applications running in different platforms. The Web services technology provide the best approach to Service Oriented Architecture envision of component collaboration for better business re-quirements fulfilment in large enterprise systems. The challenges in implementing Web services consuming clients for low-resources mobile devices connected through unreliable wireless connections are delimited. The paper also p...

Cobarzan, Alin

2010-01-01

333

Some topics in web performance analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis consists of four papers on web performance analysis. In the first paper we investigate the performance of overload control through queue length for two different web server architectures. The simulation result suggests that the benefit of request prioritization is noticeable only when the capacities of the sub-systems match each other. In the second paper we present an M/G/1/K*PS queueing model of a web server. We obtain closed form expressions f...

Cao, Jianhua

2004-01-01

334

Advanced Videoconferencing based on WebRTC  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Lately, videoconference applications have experienced an evolution towards the World Wide Web. New technologies have given browsers real-time communications capabilities. In this context, WebRTC aims to provide this functionality by following and defining standards. Being a new effort, WebRTC still lacks advanced videoconferencing services such as session recording, media mixing and adjusting to varying network conditions. This paper analyzes these challenges and proposes an architecture base...

Rodri?guez Pe?rez, Pedro; Cervin?o Arriba, Javier; Trajkovska, Irena; Salvachu?a Rodri?guez, Joaqui?n

2012-01-01

335

Security of Sensor Networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

This thesis discusses the security of sensor networks. First, descriptions of the security architectures of two dominant sensor network implementations in the market today are presented: the TinyOS stack and the IEEE 802.15.4 stack. Their similarities and...

H. Teo

2006-01-01

336

Wireless Sensors Network (Sensornet)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Wireless Sensor Network System presented in this paper provides a flexible reconfigurable architecture that could be used in a broad range of applications. It also provides a sensor network with increased reliability; decreased maintainability costs, and assured data availability by autonomously and automatically reconfiguring to overcome communication interferences.

Perotti, J.

2003-01-01

337

Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data rates are not sufficient to cope with the ever increasing trafic requirements resulting from advanced and rich content services. Extending the state of the art, higher data rates can only be achieved by increasing complexity, cost, and energy consumption of mobile phones. In contrast to the linear extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web browsing user experience on mobile phones. Copyright (C) 2009 G. P. Perrucci et al.

Perrucci, GP; Fitzek, FHP

2009-01-01

338

Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data rates are not sufficient to cope with the ever increasing traffic requirements resulting from advanced and rich content services. Extending the state of the art, higher data rates can only be achieved by increasing complexity, cost, and energy consumption of mobile phones. In contrast to the linear extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web browsing user experience on mobile phones.

Zhang Q

2009-01-01

339

An ad hoc wireless sensor network for tele medicine applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent advances in embedded computing systems have led to the emergence of wireless sensor networks (SNETs), consisting of small, battery-powered motes with limited computation and radio communication capabilities. SNETs permit data gathering and computation to be deeply embedded in the physical environment. Large scale ad hoc sensor networks (ASNET), when deployed among mobile patients, can provide dynamic data query architecture to allow medical specialists to monitor patients at any place via the web or cellular network. In case of an emergency, doctors and/or nurses will be contacted automatically through their handheld personal digital assistants (PDAs) or cellular phones. In specific, the proposed network consists of sensor nodes at the first layer whose responsibility is to measure, collect and communicate, via wired or wireless interface, readings to a microcontroller presenting the second layer of architecture. Deployed microcontrollers process incoming readings and report to a central system via a wireless interface. The implemented network distinguishes between periodic sensor readings and critical or event driven readings where higher priorities is given for the latter. In this paper we implement 3 special cases for tracking and monitoring patients and doctors using SNETs. In addition, the performance of a large scale of our implementation has been tested by means of mathematical analysis. (author)

2007-01-01

340

Food Webs  

Science.gov (United States)

The representation depicts 4 different food webs: Antarctica, the African Grasslands, the Australia Grasslands and a Marine environment. A separate food web for scavengers and decomposers is present in the African Grasslands section. Viewers must first build the web by moving boxes with the organism's picture and name to the appropriate spot on a grid. Clues describing food requirements are given as the boxes are moved. When the boxes are correctly placed a complete food web (with arrows) is displayed.

 
 
 
 
341

Samuelson's Webs  

CERN Multimedia

In the present paper we define Samuelson's webs and their rank. The main result of the paper is the proof that the rank of the Samuelson webs does not exceed 6, as well as finding the conditions under which this rank is maximal for the general Samuelson webs as well as for their singular cases.

Goldberg, Vladislav V

2009-01-01

342

Integrating E-services with a Telecommunication E-commerce using Service-Oriented Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the past, electronic commerce only focused on customer-to-business web interaction and on business-tobusiness web interaction. With the emergence of business process management and of service-oriented architecture, the focus has shifted to the...

Tung-Hsiang Chou; Yu-Min Lee

2008-01-01

343

WebGis Architectures for Emergency Response  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the era of information internet is the main source from which to find anything. The story of internet is recent and brief, about 20 years, during which it has evolved continuously and quickly. The information given in the first years was flat like pure text or documents but in the last 10 years the type of information shared has changed, moving to other dimensions from the flat page. Now we can experience videos, music and even maps. The concept of attaching geographic information to the i...

2011-01-01

344

Dark Web  

CERN Document Server

The University of Arizona Artificial Intelligence Lab (AI Lab) Dark Web project is a long-term scientific research program that aims to study and understand the international terrorism (Jihadist) phenomena via a computational, data-centric approach. We aim to collect "ALL" web content generated by international terrorist groups, including web sites, forums, chat rooms, blogs, social networking sites, videos, virtual world, etc. We have developed various multilingual data mining, text mining, and web mining techniques to perform link analysis, content analysis, web metrics (technical

Chen, Hsinchun

2012-01-01

345

A Web-Based Integration Procedure for the Development of Reconfigurable Robotic Work-Cells  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concepts related to the development of reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS and methodologies to provide the best practices in the processing industry and factory automation, such as system integration and web?based technology, are major issues in designing next?generation manufacturing systems (NGMS. Adaptable and integrable devices are crucial for the success of NGMS. In robotic cells the integration of manufacturing components is essential to accelerate system adaptability. Sensors, control architectures and communication technologies have contributed to achieving further agility in reconfigurable factories. In this work a web?based robotic cell integration procedure is proposed to aid the identification of reconfigurable issues and requirements. This methodology is applied to an industrial robot manipulator to enhance system flexibility towards the development of a reconfigurable robotic platform.

Paulo Ferreira

2013-07-01

346

Computer architecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This text is an introduction to the fundamental concepts of computer architecture, written by an author with practical experience of design issues, as well as experience in teaching the subject. The material presented covers the architecture of traditional, contemporary computers. It builds up a frame of reference for understanding and judging computer architectures at three different levels: the use program level, operating system level, and at the system level(whereby the processor is seen as a building block, being part of a computer system). Examples are taken from a variety of commercially available architectures such as the Motorola MC68000 family, the DEC VAX-11, and the National Semiconductor NS32000 series. Exercises are provided to reinforce the basic concepts.

VandeGoor, A.J. (Delhi Univ. (India))

1989-01-01

347

Energy Consumption Control of an Air Conditioner Using Web Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Air-conditioning (AC systems have the highest power consumption among the appliances and consumer devices used at residential homes and buildings. Reducing their energy use will lower peak time usage and lower CO2 emissions. Recently, employment of the Information and Communications Technologies (ICT to the power grid has smartened the grid. In the smart grid new opportunities emerge for AC energy consumption control. The aim of this paper is to reduce the air conditioning energy consumption of residential customers. It proposes an architecture that provides easy management and control using sensor network web services. A simulation thermal model of a house considers house data and outside temperature is presented. Simulation results showed a proposed temperature control method can have significant energy saving while maintaining customer comfort.

Asaad Elmoudi

2011-08-01

348

A versatile and interoperable network sensors for water resources monitoring  

Science.gov (United States)

Monitoring systems to assess water resources quantity and quality require extensive use of in-situ measurements, that have great limitations like difficulties to access and share data, and to customise and easy reconfigure sensors network to fulfil end-users needs during monitoring or crisis phases. In order to address such limitations Sensor Web Enablement technologies for sensors management have been developed and applied to different environmental context under the EU-funded OSIRIS project (Open architecture for Smart and Interoperable networks in Risk management based on In-situ Sensors, www.osiris-fp6.eu). The main objective of OSIRIS was to create a monitoring system to manage different environmental crisis situations, through an efficient data processing chain where in-situ sensors are connected via an intelligent and versatile network infrastructure (based on web technologies) that enables end-users to remotely access multi-domain sensors information. Among the project application, one was focused on underground fresh-water monitoring and management. With this aim a monitoring system to continuously and automatically check water quality and quantity has been designed and built in a pilot test, identified as a portion of the Amiata aquifer feeding the Santa Fiora springs (Grosseto, Italy). This aquifer present some characteristics that make it greatly vulnerable under some conditions. It is a volcanic aquifer with a fractured structure. The volcanic nature in Santa Fiora causes levels of arsenic concentrations that normally are very close to the threshold stated by law, but that sometimes overpass such threshold for reasons still not fully understood. The presence of fractures makes the infiltration rate very inhomogeneous from place to place and very high in correspondence of big fractures. In case of liquid-pollutant spills (typically hydrocarbons spills from tanker accidents or leakage from house tanks containing fuel for heating), these fractures can act as shortcuts to the heart of the aquifer, causing water contamination much faster than what inferable from average infiltration rates. A new system has been set up, upgrading a legacy sensor network with new sensors to address the monitoring and emergency phase management. Where necessary sensors have been modified in order to manage the whole sensor network through SWE services. The network manage sensors for water parameters (physical and chemical) and for atmospheric ones (for supporting the management of accidental crises). A main property of the developed architecture is that it can be easily reconfigured to pass from the monitoring to the alert phase, by changing sampling frequencies of interesting parameters, or deploying specific additional sensors on identified optimal positions (as in case of the hydrocarbon spill). A hydrogeological model, coupled through a hydrological interface to the atmospheric forcing, has been implemented for the area. Model products (accessed through the same web interface than sensors) give a fundamental added value to the upgraded sensors network (e.g. for data merging procedures). Together with the available measurements, it is shown how the model improves the knowledge of the local hydrogeological system, gives a fundamental support to eventually reconfigure the system (e.g. support on transportable sensors position). The network, basically conceived for real-time monitoring, allow to accumulate an unprecedent amount of information for the aquifer. The availability of such a large set of data (in terms of continuously measured water levels, fluxes, precipitation, concentrations, etc.) from the system, gives a unique opportunity for studying the influences of hydrogeological and geopedological parameters on arsenic and concentrations of other chemicals that are naturally present in water.

Ortolani, Alberto; Brandini, Carlo; Costantini, Roberto; Costanza, Letizia; Innocenti, Lucia; Sabatini, Francesco; Gozzini, Bernardo

2010-05-01

349

Recommender Systems for the Social Web  

CERN Multimedia

The recommendation of products, content and services cannot be considered newly born, although its widespread application is still in full swing. While its growing success in numerous sectors, the progress of the  Social Web has revolutionized the architecture of participation and relationship in the Web, making it necessary to restate recommendation and reconciling it with Collaborative Tagging, as the popularization of authoring in the Web, and  Social Networking, as the translation of personal relationships to the Web. Precisely, the convergence of recommendation with the above Social Web pillars is what motivates this book, which has collected contributions from well-known experts in the academy and the industry to provide a broader view of the problems that Social Recommenders might face with.  If recommender systems have proven their key role in facilitating the user access to resources on the Web, when sharing resources has become social, it is natural for recommendation strategies in the Social Web...

Pazos Arias, José J; Díaz Redondo, Rebeca P

2012-01-01

350

Fluctuations in density of an outbreak species drive diversity cascades in food webs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Patterns in food-web structure have frequently been examined in static food webs, but few studies have attempted to delineate patterns that materialize in food webs under nonequilibrium conditions. Here, using one of nature's classical nonequilibrium systems as the food-web database, we test the major assumptions of recent advances in food-web theory. We show that a complex web of interactions between insect herbivores and their natural enemies displays significant architectural flexibility o...

Eveleigh, Eldon S.; Mccann, Kevin S.; Mccarthy, Peter C.; Pollock, Steven J.; Lucarotti, Christopher J.; Morin, Benoit; Mcdougall, George A.; Strongman, Douglas B.; Huber, John T.; Umbanhowar, James; Faria, Lucas D. B.

2007-01-01

351

Sharing Sensor Data with SensorSA and Cascading Sensor Observation Service  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The SANY IP consortium (http://www.sany-ip.eu has recently developed several interesting service prototypes that extend the usability of the Open Geospatial Consortium “Sensor Web Enablement” (OGC SWE architecture. One such service prototype, developed by the Austrian Research Centers, is the “cascading SOS” (SOS-X. SOS-X is a client to the underlying OGC Sensor Observation service(s (SOS. It provides alternative access routes to users (or services interested in accessing data. In addition to a simple cascading, SOS-X can re-format, re-organize, and merge data from several sources into a single SOS offering. Thanks to the built-in “Formula 3” prototype, a kind of time series library, SOS-X will be enabled to derive new data sets on the fly executing arbitrary algebraic operations on one or more data input streams. This article will discuss the SOS-X development status (focusing at end of 2008, further development agenda in year 2009, and possibilities for using the SOS-X outside of the SANY IP.

Denis Havlik

2009-07-01

352

Mobile Web for Pervasive environments - design webexperiences for multiple mobile devices  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper we present an architecture for designing web pages that uses multiple mobile and stationary devices to present web content. The architecture extends standard web technology with a number of functions for expressing how web content might migrate and use multiple displays. The architecture is developed to support desktop applications, but in this paper we describe how the architecture can be extended to mobile devices by using AJAX technology. The paper also presents an implementation and presents a number of applications for mobile devices developed with this framework.

Hansen, Thomas Riisgaard

2008-01-01

353

The Semantics of Web Services: An Examination in GIScience Applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web service is a technological solution for software interoperability that supports the seamless integration of diverse applications. In the vision of web service architecture, web services are described by the Web Service Description Language (WSDL), discovered through Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) and communicate by the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). Such a divination has never been fully accomplished yet. Although it was criticized that WSDL only has a synt...

2013-01-01

354

A Web Crawler System Design Based on Distributed Technology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A practical distributed web crawler architecture is designed. The distributed cooperative grasping algorithm is put forward to solve the problem of distributed Web Crawler grasping. Log structure and Hash structure are combined and a large-scale web store structure is devised, which can meet not only the need of a large amount of random accesses, but also the need of newly added pages. Experiment results have shown that the distributed Web Crawler's performance, scalabilit...

Shaojun Zhong; Zhijuan Deng

2011-01-01

355

An MDA Based Modeling and Implementation for Web App  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web App surges recently as the HTML technology comes to be well-developed. The development framework of existing platform demands the users’ attention directed towards technique details and duplicated efforts. In order to save the developers’ efforts to the design of App functions and its ease of use, the idea of Model Driven Architecture (MDA) will be extended in the development of Web App. This paper proposes a Web App development framework based on MDA—Model Driven Web Ap...

Rongliang Luo; Xiao Peng; Qianxi Lv; Minghui Wu; Bin Peng; Shuoping Wang; Ming Guo

2013-01-01

356

Enforcing Quality of Service within Web Services Communities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web services are considered as an attracting distributed approach of application/services integration over the Internet. As the number of Web Services is exponentially growing and expected to do so for the next decade, the need for categorizing and/or classifying Web Services is very crucial for their success and the success of the underlying Service Oriented architecture (SOA). Categorization aims at systematizing Web Services according to their functionalities...

Mohamed Adel Serhani; Abdelghani Benharref

2011-01-01

357

Probabilistic Semantic Web Mining Using Artificial Neural Analysis  

CERN Document Server

Most of the web user's requirements are search or navigation time and getting correctly matched result. These constrains can be satisfied with some additional modules attached to the existing search engines and web servers. This paper proposes that powerful architecture for search engines with the title of Probabilistic Semantic Web Mining named from the methods used. With the increase of larger and larger collection of various data resources on the World Wide Web (WWW), Web Mining has become one of the most important requirements for the web users. Web servers will store various formats of data including text, image, audio, video etc., but servers can not identify the contents of the data. These search techniques can be improved by adding some special techniques including semantic web mining and probabilistic analysis to get more accurate results. Semantic web mining technique can provide meaningful search of data resources by eliminating useless information with mining process. In this technique web servers...

Kishore, T Krishna; Narayana, N Lakshmi

2010-01-01

358

Tele-Supervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tele-supervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF) is a multi-robot science exploration architecture and system that uses a group of robotic boats (the Ocean-Atmosphere Sensor Integration System, or OASIS) to enable in-situ study of ocean surface and subsurface characteristics and the dynamics of such ocean phenomena as coastal pollutants, oil spills, hurricanes, or harmful algal blooms (HABs). The OASIS boats are extended- deployment, autonomous ocean surface vehicles. The TAOSF architecture provides an integrated approach to multi-vehicle coordination and sliding human-vehicle autonomy. One feature of TAOSF is the adaptive re-planning of the activities of the OASIS vessels based on sensor input ( smart sensing) and sensorial coordination among multiple assets. The architecture also incorporates Web-based communications that permit control of the assets over long distances and the sharing of data with remote experts. Autonomous hazard and assistance detection allows the automatic identification of hazards that require human intervention to ensure the safety and integrity of the robotic vehicles, or of science data that require human interpretation and response. Also, the architecture is designed for science analysis of acquired data in order to perform an initial onboard assessment of the presence of specific science signatures of immediate interest. TAOSF integrates and extends five subsystems developed by the participating institutions: Emergent Space Tech - nol ogies, Wallops Flight Facility, NASA s Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Carnegie Mellon University, and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The OASIS Autonomous Surface Vehicle (ASV) system, which includes the vessels as well as the land-based control and communications infrastructure developed for them, controls the hardware of each platform (sensors, actuators, etc.), and also provides a low-level waypoint navigation capability. The Multi-Platform Simulation Environment from GSFC is a surrogate for the OASIS ASV system and allows for independent development and testing of higher-level software components. The Platform Communicator acts as a proxy for both actual and simulated platforms. It translates platform-independent messages from the higher control systems to the device-dependent communication protocols. This enables the higher-level control systems to interact identically with heterogeneous actual or simulated platforms.

Lefes, Alberto; Podnar, Gregg W.; Dolan, John M.; Hosler, Jeffrey C.; Ames, Troy J.

2009-01-01

359

The Functional Consequences of Mutualistic Network Architecture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The architecture and properties of many complex networks play a significant role in the functioning of the systems they describe. Recently, complex network theory has been applied to ecological entities, like food webs or mutualistic plant-animal interactions. Unfortunately, we still lack an accurate view of the relationship between the architecture and functioning of ecological networks. In this study we explore this link by building individual-based pollination networks from eight Erysimum ...

2011-01-01

360

WLan Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is the review paper of Architecture of Wireless local area networks. In this paper we are discussing the architecture of wlan. A wireless LAN (WLAN is a local area network based on wireless technology. Most modern local area networks now employ some wireless network infrastructure because it allows existing networks to be extended without the expense of additional cabling, and allows users of portable network devices to maintain connectivity with the network as they move around. Wireless networks can be set up quickly and can be configured in either ad hoc or infrastructure mode. In ad hoc mode, two or more portable computers can communicate with each other in the wireless equivalent of a peer-to-peer network. There is no connection to a wired network and a wireless access point is not required. In this paper I also explaining the advantages, architecture, layers, frame format of wireless Local Area Networks.

Ishu Mittal

2014-02-01

 
 
 
 
361

Reconfigurable Architectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the area of computer architecture, designers are faced with the trade-of between flexibility and performance. The architectural choices span a wide spectrum, with general-purpose processors and application specific integrated circuits (ASICs at opposite ends. General-purpose processors are not optimized to specific applications; they are flexible due to their versatile instruction sets that allow the implementation of every computable task. ASICs are dedicated hardware devices that can achieve higher performance, require less silicon area, and are less power-consuming than instruction-level programmable processors. However, they lack in flexibility. Reconfigurable computer architectures promise to overcome this traditional trade-off and achieve both, the high performance of ASICs and the flexibility of general-purpose processors.

Abida Yousuf Waza

2012-08-01

362

Materials architecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The theme of this sumposium ''Materials Architecture'' should be taken to be a broader from of what is usually understood by microstructure. In this sense materials architecture is concerned with the design of all aspects of the microstructure, texture and also some aspects of the macrostructure. The materreials architecture governs the mechanical and physical properties of engineering materials. All classes of materials are covered within this framwork: metals, ceramics, polymers, amorphous materials, composites. Among the subthemes of the symposium are: mechanical behaviour and deformation mechanicsms, mechanisms of strengthening, annealing processes and engineering properties. The increasing importance of materials in modern society is discussed in a wider framework. The themes covered comprise specific materials and materials processing, resources, industrial research and development, international cooperation and educational aspects. (CLS).

Bilde-Soerensen, J.B.; Hansen, N.; Juul Jensen, D.; Leffers, T.; Lilholt, H.; Pedersen, O.B. (eds.)

1989-01-01

363

75 FR 51468 - Published Privacy Impact Assessments on the Web  

Science.gov (United States)

...database allows information about related...Sensor Web. Component...analytic tools to interpret...potentially involve information received...Intranet Web-based tool that uses...collected other information at the Application...Inspections Tool, a Web-based...

2010-08-20

364

Web Services in Mobile Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information and communication technologies are designed to support and anticipate the continuing changes of the information society, while outlining new economic, social and cultural dimensions. We see the growth of new business models whose aim is to remove traditional barriers and improve the value of goods and services. Information is a strategic resource and its manipulation raises new problems for all entities involved in the process. Information and communication technologies should be a stable support in managing the flow of data and support the integrity, confidentiality and availability. Concepts such as eBusiness, eCommerce, Software as a Service, Cloud Computing and Social Media are based on web technologies consisting of complex languages, protocols and standards, built around client-server architecture. One of the most used technologies in mobile applications are the Web Services defined as an application model supported by any operating system able to provide certain functionalities using Internet technologies to promote interoperability between various appli-cations and platforms. Web services use HTTP, XML, SSL, SMTP and SOAP, because their stability has proven over the years. Their functionalities are highly variable, with Web services applications exchange type, weather, arithmetic or authentication services. In this article we will talk about SOAP and REST architectures for web services in mobile applications and we will also provide some practical examples based on Android platform.

Octavian DOSPINESCU

2013-01-01

365

Towards Internet of Things (IOTS: Integration of Wireless Sensor Network to Cloud Services for Data Collection and Sharing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cloud computing provides great benefits for applications hosted on the Web that also have specialcomputational and storage requirements. This paperproposes an extensible and flexible architecture forintegrating Wireless Sensor Networks with the Cloud.We have used REST based Web services as an interoperable application layer that can be directly integrated into other application domains for remote monitoring such as e-health care services, smart homes, or even vehicular area networks (VAN. For proof of concept, we have implemented a REST based Web services on an IP based low power WSN test bed,which enables data access from anywhere. The alertfeature has also been implemented to notify users viaemail or tweets for monitoring data when they exceed values and events of interest.

Rajeev Piyare

2013-09-01

366

Business aspects of web services  

CERN Document Server

Driven by maturing Web service technologies and the wide acceptance of the service-oriented architecture paradigm, the software industry's traditional business models and strategies have begun to change: software vendors are turning into service providers. In addition, in the Web service market, a multitude of small and highly specialized providers offer modular services of almost any kind and economic value is created through the interplay of various distributed service providers that jointly contribute to form individualized and integrated solutions. This trend can be optimally catalyzed by

Weinhardt, Christof; Conte, Tobias

2011-01-01

367

Introducing tool support for managing architectural knowledge: an experienced report, engineering computer based systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Management of software architecture knowledge is vital for improving an organisation’s architectural capabilities. Despite the recognition of the importance of capturing and reusing software architecture knowledge, there is currently no suitable support mechanism available. To address this issue, we have developed a conceptual framework for managing architecture design knowledge. A web-based knowledge management tool, Process-based Architecture Knowledge Management Environment (PAKME), has&...

Ali Babar, Muhammad; Northway, Andrew; Gorton, Ian; Heuer, Paul; Nguyen, Thong

2008-01-01

368

Semantic web services for web databases  

CERN Multimedia

Semantic Web Services for Web Databases introduces an end-to-end framework for querying Web databases using novel Web service querying techniques. This includes a detailed framework for the query infrastructure for Web databases and services. Case studies are covered in the last section of this book. Semantic Web Services For Web Databases is designed for practitioners and researchers focused on service-oriented computing and Web databases.

Ouzzani, Mourad

2011-01-01

369

Security Model For Service-Oriented Architecture  

CERN Document Server

In this article, we examine how security applies to Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). Before we discuss security for SOA, lets take a step back and examine what SOA is. SOA is an architectural approach which involves applications being exposed as "services". Originally, services in SOA were associated with a stack of technologies which included SOAP, WSDL, and UDDI. This article addresses the defects of traditional enterprise application integration by combining service oriented-architecture and web service technology. Application integration is then simplified to development and integration of services to tackle connectivity of isomerous enterprise application integration, security, loose coupling between systems and process refactoring and optimization.

Karimi, Oldooz

2011-01-01

370

Security Model For Service-Oriented Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article, we examine how security applies to Service Oriented Architecture (SOA. Before we discuss security for SOA, lets take a step back and examine what SOA is. SOA is an architectural approach which involves applications being exposed as "services". Originally, services in SOA were associated with a stack of technologies which included SOAP, WSDL, and UDDI. This article addresses the defects of traditional enterprise application integration by combining service oriented-architecture and web service technology. Application integration is then simplified to development and integration of services to tackle connectivity of isomerous enterprise application integration, security, loose coupling between systems and process refactoring and optimization.

Oldooz Karimi

2011-08-01

371

REST in practice Hypermedia and systems architecture  

CERN Multimedia

Why don't typical enterprise projects go as smoothly as projects you develop for the Web? Does the REST architectural style really present a viable alternative for building distributed systems and enterprise-class applications? In this insightful book, three SOA experts provide a down-to-earth explanation of REST and demonstrate how you can develop simple and elegant distributed hypermedia systems by applying the Web's guiding principles to common enterprise computing problems. You'll learn techniques for implementing specific Web technologies and patterns to solve the needs of a typical com

Webber, Jim; Robinson, Ian

2010-01-01

372

Pervasive Monitoring—An Intelligent Sensor Pod Approach for Standardised Measurement Infrastructures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Geo-sensor networks have traditionally been built up in closed monolithic systems, thus limiting trans-domain usage of real-time measurements. This paper presents the technical infrastructure of a standardised embedded sensing device, which has been developed in the course of the Live Geography approach. The sensor pod implements data provision standards of the Sensor Web Enablement initiative, including an event-based alerting mechanism and location-aware Complex Event Processing functionality for detection of threshold transgression and quality assurance. The goal of this research is that the resultant highly flexible sensing architecture will bring sensor network applications one step further towards the realisation of the vision of a “digital skin for planet earth”. The developed infrastructure can potentially have far-reaching impacts on sensor-based monitoring systems through the deployment of ubiquitous and fine-grained sensor networks. This in turn allows for the straight-forward use of live sensor data in existing spatial decision support systems to enable better-informed decision-making.

Michael Lippautz

2010-12-01

373

Linking Interoperability Characters and Measures of Effectiveness: A Methodology for Evaluating Architectures.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Air Force Research Laboratory's Sensors Directorate has crafted a long-term layered sensing project and seeks a method to compare different architectural representations. This research provides an executable methodology for quantitative architecture c...

B. D. McKellar D. L. Insley J. V. Felsen

2009-01-01

374

Una arquitectura y mapa de ruta para un método de detección de debris flows y fenómenos similares en ríos, mediante una red de sensores inalámbricos An architecture and a roadmap for a detection method for debris flows and similar phenomena in rivers, using a wireless sensor network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los debris flows y flujos hiperconcentrados, conocidos popularmente como cabezas de agua, aluviones o avenidas de lodo, son fenómenos muy destructivos que afectan a poblaciones ubicadas en márgenes de ríos. Los sistemas utilizados para detectar este tipo de eventos se basan en instrumentación fija en puntos determinados del río o a través de mediciones remotas e indirectas, por lo cual los datos que suministran son limitados: no brindan información en tiempo real sobre la posición o velocidad del evento más allá de los puntos de monitoreo. En este artículo se propone una arquitectura para la detección de debris flows y flujos hiperconcentrados en cuencas de ríos, por medio de una red inalámbrica de sensores móviles. La arquitectura propuesta es distribuida y descentralizada, pues no depende de un ente coordinador central para decidir sobre la presencia o ausencia del fenómeno. También se plantea un mapa de ruta de los problemas que deben superarse, con el fin de hacer posible la implementación de esta arquitectura en un sistema de detección concreto para los ríos.Debris flows and hiperconcentrated flows are very destructive phenomena that cause damage, injures and deaths to property and persons that live near rivers. Existing warning systems for these phenomena are based on fixed instrumentation on certain points of the river, or on remote, indirect measurements. As a result, the information that they provide is limited, neither real-time data about the advance of the flow trough the river, nor its velocity outside the fixed monitoring points is available. In this article, an architecture for a debris flows and hiperconcentrated flows detection method based on a wireless sensor network is proposed. This architecture is distributed and decentralized, since it does not depend on a central coordinator to decide on the presence or absence of the phenomenon. A roadmap for further research is also proposed, in order to solve challenges and problems that must be overcome in order to make possible an implementation of this architecture in a real world detection system.

Oscar Vargas Fallas

2013-03-01

375

WEB SERVICES FOR MOBILE COMPUTING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In todays day to day life,mobile users are becoming popular clients to consume any type of web resources such as web service. However, there are problems in connecting mobile devices to existing WS. This paper focuses on three of the following challenge : time and speed,bandwidth/latency,limited resources. This paper implements and developes a cross-platform architecture for connecting mobile devices to the WS. The architecture includes a platform independent design of mobile client and a middleware for enhancing the communication between mobile clients and WS. Finally, the middleware can be deployed on Cloud Platforms, like Google App Engine and Amazon EC2, to enhance the scalability and reliability. The experiments evaluate the optimization/adaptation, overhead of the middleware.

Piyush M.Patil , Kushal Gohil, Rohit Madhavi

2012-05-01

376

TinyCoAP: a novel constrained application protocol (CoAP) implementation for embedding RESTful web services in wireless sensor networks based on TinyOS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we present the design and implementation of the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) for TinyOS, which we refer to as TinyCoAP. CoAP seeks to apply the same application transfer paradigm and basic features of HTTP to constrained networks, while maintaining a simple design and low overhead. The design constraints of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) require special attention in the design process of the CoAP implementation. We argue that better performance and minimal resource c...

2013-01-01

377

TinyCoAP: A Novel Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) Implementation for Embedding RESTful Web Services in Wireless Sensor Networks Based on TinyOS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we present the design and implementation of the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) for TinyOS, which we refer to as TinyCoAP. CoAP seeks to apply the same application transfer paradigm and basic features of HTTP to constrained networks, while maintaining a simple design and low overhead. The design constraints of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) require special attention in the design process of the CoAP implementation. We argue that better performance and minimal resource c...

2013-01-01

378

Consuming Web Services on Mobile Platforms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web services are an emerging technology that provides interoperability between applications running in different platforms. The Web services technology provide the best approach to Service Oriented Architecture envision of component collaboration for better business re-quirements fulfilment in large enterprise systems. The challenges in implementing Web services consuming clients for low-resources mobile devices connected through unreliable wireless connections are delimited. The paper also presents a communication architecture that moves the heavy load of XML-based messaging system from the mobile clients to an external middleware component. The middleware component will act like a gateway that lightly com-municates with the device in a client-server manner over a fast binary protocol and at the same time takes the responsibility of solving the request to the Web service.

Alin COBARZAN

2010-01-01

379

Customizable Scientific Web Portal for Fusion Research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Web browser has become one of the major application interfaces for remotely participating in magnetic fusion experiments. Recently in other areas, web portals have begun to be deployed. These portals are used to present very diverse sources of information in a unified way. While a web portal has several benefits over other software interfaces, such as providing single point of access for multiple computational services, and eliminating the need for client software installation, the design and development of a web portal has unique challenges. One of the challenges is that a web portal needs to be fast and interactive despite a high volume of tools and information that it presents. Another challenge is the visual output on the web portal often is overwhelming due to the high volume of data generated by complex scientific instruments and experiments; therefore the applications and information should be customizable depending on the needs of users. An appropriate software architecture and web technologies can meet these problems. A web-portal has been designed to support the experimental activities of DIII-D researchers worldwide. It utilizes a multi-tier software architecture, and web 2.0 technologies, such as AJAX, Django, and Memcached, to develop a highly interactive and customizable user interface. It offers a customizable interface with personalized page layouts and list of services for users to select. The users can create a unique personalized working environment to fit their own needs and interests. Customizable services are: real-time experiment status monitoring, diagnostic data access, interactive data visualization. The web-portal also supports interactive collaborations by providing collaborative logbook, shared visualization and online instant message services. Furthermore, the web portal will provide a mechanism to allow users to create their own applications on the web portal as well as bridging capabilities to external applications such as Twitter and other social networks. This document is composed of an abstract followed by the presentation transparencies. (authors)

2009-06-15

380

Evaluating software architecture using fuzzy formal models  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Unified Modeling Language (UML has been recognized as one of the most popular techniques to describe static and dynamic aspects of software systems. One of the primary issues in designing software packages is the existence of uncertainty associated with such models. Fuzzy-UML to describe software architecture has both static and dynamic perspective, simultaneously. The evaluation of software architecture design phase initiates always help us find some additional requirements, which helps reduce cost of design. In this paper, we use a fuzzy data model to describe the static aspects of software architecture and the fuzzy sequence diagram to illustrate the dynamic aspects of software architecture. We also transform these diagrams into Petri Nets and evaluate reliability of the architecture. The web-based hotel reservation system for further explanation has been studied.

Payman Behbahaninejad

2012-04-01

 
 
 
 
381

SEMANTIC BASED MULTIPLE WEB SEARCH ENGINE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the tremendous growth of information available to end users through the Web, search engines come to play ever a more critical role. Nevertheless, because of their general-purpose approach, it is always less uncommon that obtained result sets provide a burden ofuseless pages. The next-generation Web architecture, represented by the Semantic Web, provides the layered architecture possibly allowing overcoming this limitation. Several search engines have been proposed, which allow increasing information retrieval accuracy by exploiting a key content of Semantic Web resources, that is, relations. To make the Semantic Web work, well-structured data andrules are necessary for agents to roam the Web [2]. XML and RDF are two important technologies: we can create our own structures by XML without indicating what they mean; RDF uses sets of triples which express basic concepts [2]. DAML is the extension of XML and RDF The aim of this project is to develop a search engine based on ontologymatching within the Semantic Web. It uses the data in Semantic Web form such as DAML or RDF. When the user input a query, the program accepts the query and transfers it to a machine learning agent. Then the agent measures the similarity between different ontology’s, and feedback the matched item to the user.

MS.S.LATHA SHANMUGAVADIVU,

2010-08-01

382

Distributed Management of Concurrent Web Service Transactions  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Business processes involve dynamic compositions of interleaved tasks. Therefore, ensuring reliable transactional processing of Web services is crucial for the success of Web service-based B2B and B2C applications. But the inherent autonomy and heterogeneity of Web services render the applicability of conventional ACID transaction models for Web services far from being straightforward. Current Web service transaction models relax the isolation property and rely on compensation mechanisms to ensure atomicity of business transactions in the presence of service failures. However, ensuring consistency in the open and dynamic environment of Web services, where interleaving business transactions enter and exit the system independently, remains an open issue. In this paper, we address this problem and propose an architecture that supports concurrency control on the Web services level. An extension to the standard framework for Web service transactions is proposed to enable detecting and handling transactional dependencies between concurrent business transactions. We also present an optimistic protocol for concurrency control that can be deployed in a fully distributed fashion within the proposed architecture. We also empirically evaluate the performance of the proposed solutions in terms of throughput and response time.

Alrifai, Mohammad; Dolog, Peter

2009-01-01

383

Architecture for autonomy  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2002 Defence R&D Canada changed research direction from pure tele-operated land vehicles to general autonomy for land, air, and sea craft. The unique constraints of the military environment coupled with the complexity of autonomous systems drove DRDC to carefully plan a research and development infrastructure that would provide state of the art tools without restricting research scope. DRDC's long term objectives for its autonomy program address disparate unmanned ground vehicle (UGV), unattended ground sensor (UGS), air (UAV), and subsea and surface (UUV and USV) vehicles operating together with minimal human oversight. Individually, these systems will range in complexity from simple reconnaissance mini-UAVs streaming video to sophisticated autonomous combat UGVs exploiting embedded and remote sensing. Together, these systems can provide low risk, long endurance, battlefield services assuming they can communicate and cooperate with manned and unmanned systems. A key enabling technology for this new research is a software architecture capable of meeting both DRDC's current and future requirements. DRDC built upon recent advances in the computing science field while developing its software architecture know as the Architecture for Autonomy (AFA). Although a well established practice in computing science, frameworks have only recently entered common use by unmanned vehicles. For industry and government, the complexity, cost, and time to re-implement stable systems often exceeds the perceived benefits of adopting a modern software infrastructure. Thus, most persevere with legacy software, adapting and modifying software when and wherever possible or necessary -- adopting strategic software frameworks only when no justifiable legacy exists. Conversely, academic programs with short one or two year projects frequently exploit strategic software frameworks but with little enduring impact. The open-source movement radically changes this picture. Academic frameworks, open to public scrutiny and modification, now rival commercial frameworks in both quality and economic impact. Further, industry now realizes that open source frameworks can reduce cost and risk of systems engineering. This paper describes the Architecture for Autonomy implemented by DRDC and how this architecture meets DRDC's current needs. It also presents an argument for why this architecture should also satisfy DRDC's future requirements as well.

Broten, Gregory S.; Monckton, Simon P.; Collier, Jack; Giesbrecht, Jared

2006-06-01

384

SEMANTIC WEB MINING FOR INTELLIGENT WEB PERSONALIZATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semantic Web Mining is the outcome of two new and fast developing domains: Semantic Web and Data Mining. The Semantic Web is an extension of the current web in which information is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation. Data Mining is the nontrivial process of identifying valid, previously unknown, potentially useful patterns in data. Semantic Web Mining refers to the application of data mining techniques to extract knowledge from World Wide Web or the area of data mining that refers to the use of algorithms for extracting patterns from resources distributed over in the web. The aim of Semantic Web Mining is to discover and retrieve useful and interesting patterns from a huge set of web data. This web data consists of different kind of information, including web structure data, web log data and user profiles data. Semantic Web Mining is a relatively new area, broadly interdisciplinary, attracting researchers from: computer science, information retrieval specialists and experts from business studies fields. Web data mining includes web content mining, web structure mining and web usage mining. All of these approaches attempt to extract knowledge from the web, produce some useful results from the knowledge extracted and apply these results to the real world problems. To improve the internet service quality and increase the user click rate on a specific website, it is necessary for a web developer to know what the user really want to do, predict which pages the user is potentially interested in. In this paper, various techniques for Semantic Web mining like web content mining, web usage mining and web structure mining are discussed. Our main focus is on web usage mining and its application in web personalization. Study shows that the accuracy of recommendation system has improved significantly with the use of semantic web mining in web personalization. Keywords: Navigation Pattern, Pattern Analysis, Semantic Web, Web Personalization, Web Usage Mining.

Anil Sharma

2011-07-01

385

Web-based applications for virtual laboratories:  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web-based applications for academic education facilitate, usually, exchange of multimedia files, while design-oriented domains such as architectural and urban design require additional support in collaborative real-time drafting and modeling. In this context, multi-user interactive interfaces employing game engines as well as Virtual Reality (VR) environments offer a framework within which web-based applications for virtual laboratories have been in the last decade successfully developed and ...

2011-01-01

386

Predictive power of markets on the web  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The goal of this work is to create a web based application for prediction of future events outcomes using prediction markets. We first analyze prediction markets, their purpose and their functioning. We present the wisdom of the crowds concept and its role in the application itself. We describe the software tools used in the development process, the architectural design of the solution and the implementation of prediction markets as part of a web application. The focus is on three types of pr...

2011-01-01

387

From Web Data to Entities and Back  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present the Entity Name System (ENS), an enabling infrastructure, which can host descriptions of named entities and provide unique identifiers, on large-scale. In this way, it opens new perspectives to realize entity-oriented, rather than keyword-oriented, Web information systems. We describe the architecture and the functionality of the ENS, along with tools, which all contribute to realize the Web of entities

Miklos, Zoltan; Bonvin, Nicolas; Bouquet, Paolo; Catasta, Michele; Cordioli, Daniele; Fankhauser, Peter; Gaugaz, Julien; Ioannou, Ekaterini; Koshutanski, Hristo; Mana, Antonio; Niederee, Claudia; Palpanas, Themis; Stoermer, Heiko

2010-01-01

388

Analyzing Temporal Constraints for Web Services Composition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Web service composition has become the optimum technique for Service Oriented Architecture applications because it provides a way to obtain value-added services by combining several Web services. One key issue is that service composition must meet user’s deadline requirements. In this paper we focus our attention on modeling and analyzing time-related properties in service composition. A model called extended time Petri net (ETPN) is introduced, in which the temporal constraints are acr...

2013-01-01

389

Java Web Services up and running  

CERN Multimedia

This quick, practical, and thorough introduction to Java web services -- the JAX-WS and JAX-RS APIs -- offers a mix of architectural overview, complete working code examples, and short yet precise instructions for compiling, deploying, and executing a sample application. You'll not only learn how to write web services from scratch, but also how to integrate existing services into your Java applications.

Kalin, Martin

2009-01-01

390

The Role of Semantic Web Technologies in Smart Environments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Today semantic web technologies and Linked Data principles are providing formalism, standards, shared data semantics and data integration for unstructured data over the web. The result is a transformation from theWeb of Interaction to theWeb of Data and actionable information. On the crossroad lies our daily lives, containing plethora of unstructured data which is originating from low cost sensors and appliances to every computational element used in our modern lives, including computers, int...

Razzak, Faisal

2013-01-01

391

Web Service  

Science.gov (United States)

... users. NLM encourages all users of the MedlinePlus Web service to use the email and tool parameters (as described below). NLM may use this information to contact you if there are problems with ...

392

FFIORD Architecture and Operational Concepts  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the architecture and the operational concepts of the Formation Flying In Orbit Ranging Demonstation experiment (FFIORD) which is part of the PRISMA mission. This technological experiment, lead by CNES, is based on a specific Radio Frequency subsystem manufactured by Thales Alenia Space. The objectives are to assess the performances of the Flying Formation RF sensor (FFRF) and to validate the algorithms developed for various Formation Flying scenarios.

Chapuis, T.; Guidotti, P. Y.; Delpech, M.; Queyrut, O.; Harr, J.; Karlsson, T.; Carlsson, A.; Larsson, R.

2010-08-01

393

Moodbile: a Moodle web services extension for mobile applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Moodle 2.0 Web Services architecture has been designed to optimize bulk operations or administrative tasks. Therefore, it does not support external applications accessing activity modules. For this reason, the Moodbile project aims to provide an extension of the Moodle 2.0 Web Services architecture in order to provide access to external applications such as m-learning applications, from within Moodle. To validate this extension, three m-learning applications have been developed: ...

Piguillem Poch, Jordi; Alier Forment, Marc; Casany Guerrero, Mari?a Jose?; Mayol Sarroca, Enric; Galanis, Nikolaos; Garci?a Pen?alvo, Francisco Javier; Conde Garci?a, Miguel A?ngel