WorldWideScience

Sample records for sensor web architecture

  1. An Architecture to Enable Future Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Dan; Caffrey, Robert; Frye, Stu; Grosvenor, Sandra; Hess, Melissa; Chien, Steve; Sherwood, Rob; Davies, Ashley; Hayden, Sandra; Sweet, Adam

    2004-01-01

    A sensor web is a coherent set of distributed 'nodes', interconnected by a communications fabric, that collectively behave as a single dynamic observing system. A 'plug and play' mission architecture enables progressive mission autonomy and rapid assembly and thereby enables sensor webs. This viewgraph presentation addresses: Target mission messaging architecture; Strategy to establish architecture; Progressive autonomy with onboard sensor web; EO-1; Adaptive array antennas (smart antennas) for satellite ground stations.

  2. Flow Webs: Mechanism and Architecture for the Implementation of Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorlick, M. M.; Peng, G. S.; Gasster, S. D.; McAtee, M. D.

    2006-12-01

    The sensor web is a distributed, federated infrastructure much like its predecessors, the internet and the world wide web. It will be a federation of many sensor webs, large and small, under many distinct spans of control, that loosely cooperates and share information for many purposes. Realistically, it will grow piecemeal as distinct, individual systems are developed and deployed, some expressly built for a sensor web while many others were created for other purposes. Therefore, the architecture of the sensor web is of fundamental import and architectural strictures that inhibit innovation, experimentation, sharing or scaling may prove fatal. Drawing upon the architectural lessons of the world wide web, we offer a novel system architecture, the flow web, that elevates flows, sequences of messages over a domain of interest and constrained in both time and space, to a position of primacy as a dynamic, real-time, medium of information exchange for computational services. The flow web captures; in a single, uniform architectural style; the conflicting demands of the sensor web including dynamic adaptations to changing conditions, ease of experimentation, rapid recovery from the failures of sensors and models, automated command and control, incremental development and deployment, and integration at multiple levels—in many cases, at different times. Our conception of sensor webs—dynamic amalgamations of sensor webs each constructed within a flow web infrastructure—holds substantial promise for earth science missions in general, and of weather, air quality, and disaster management in particular. Flow webs, are by philosophy, design and implementation a dynamic infrastructure that permits massive adaptation in real-time. Flows may be attached to and detached from services at will, even while information is in transit through the flow. This concept, flow mobility, permits dynamic integration of earth science products and modeling resources in response to real-time demands. Flows are the connective tissue of flow webs—massive computational engines organized as directed graphs whose nodes are semi-autonomous components and whose edges are flows. The individual components of a flow web may themselves be encapsulated flow webs. In other words, a flow web subgraph may be presented to a yet larger flow web as a single, seamless component. Flow webs, at all levels, may be edited and modified while still executing. Within a flow web individual components may be added, removed, started, paused, halted, reparameterized, or inspected. The topology of a flow web may be changed at will. Thus, flow webs exhibit an extraordinary degree of adaptivity and robustness as they are explicitly designed to be modified on the fly, an attribute well suited for dynamic model interactions in sensor webs. We describe our concept for a sensor web, implemented as a flow web, in the context of a wildfire disaster management system for the southern California region. Comprehensive wildfire management requires cooperation among multiple agencies. Flow webs allow agencies to share resources in exactly the manner they choose. We will explain how to employ flow webs and agents to integrate satellite remote sensing data, models, in-situ sensors, UAVs and other resources into a sensor web that interconnects organizations and their disaster management tools in a manner that simultaneously preserves their independence and builds upon the individual strengths of agency-specific models and data sources.

  3. Ontology Alignment Architecture for Semantic Sensor Web Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardo Alarcos; Ivan Marsa-Maestre; Susel Fernandez; Velasco, Juan R.

    2013-01-01

    Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Sema...

  4. Ontology alignment architecture for semantic sensor Web integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Susel; Marsa-Maestre, Ivan; Velasco, Juan R; Alarcos, Bernardo

    2013-01-01

    Sensor networks are a concept that has become very popular in data acquisition and processing for multiple applications in different fields such as industrial, medicine, home automation, environmental detection, etc. Today, with the proliferation of small communication devices with sensors that collect environmental data, semantic Web technologies are becoming closely related with sensor networks. The linking of elements from Semantic Web technologies with sensor networks has been called Semantic Sensor Web and has among its main features the use of ontologies. One of the key challenges of using ontologies in sensor networks is to provide mechanisms to integrate and exchange knowledge from heterogeneous sources (that is, dealing with semantic heterogeneity). Ontology alignment is the process of bringing ontologies into mutual agreement by the automatic discovery of mappings between related concepts. This paper presents a system for ontology alignment in the Semantic Sensor Web which uses fuzzy logic techniques to combine similarity measures between entities of different ontologies. The proposed approach focuses on two key elements: the terminological similarity, which takes into account the linguistic and semantic information of the context of the entity's names, and the structural similarity, based on both the internal and relational structure of the concepts. This work has been validated using sensor network ontologies and the Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative (OAEI) tests. The results show that the proposed techniques outperform previous approaches in terms of precision and recall. PMID:24051523

  5. Sensor Webs with a Service-Oriented Architecture for On-demand Science Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Ungar, Stephen; Ames, Troy; Justice, Chris; Frye, Stuart; Chien, Steve; Tran, Daniel; Cappelaere, Patrice; Derezinsfi, Linda; Paules, Granville; Di, Liping; Kolitz, Stephan

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the work being managed by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Information System Division (ISD) under a NASA Earth Science Technology Ofice (ESTO) Advanced Information System Technology (AIST) grant to develop a modular sensor web architecture which enables discovery of sensors and workflows that can create customized science via a high-level service-oriented architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) web service standards. These capabilities serve as a prototype to a user-centric architecture for Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS). This work builds and extends previous sensor web efforts conducted at NASA/GSFC using the Earth Observing 1 (EO-1) satellite and other low-earth orbiting satellites.

  6. Experimenting with an Evolving Ground/Space-based Software Architecture to Enable Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    mandl, Daniel; Frye, Stuart

    2005-01-01

    A series of ongoing experiments are being conducted at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center to explore integrated ground and space-based software architectures enabling sensor webs. A sensor web, as defined by Steve Talabac at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center(GSFC), is a coherent set of distributed nodes interconnected by a communications fabric, that collectively behave as a single, dynamically adaptive, observing system. The nodes can be comprised of satellites, ground instruments, computing nodes etc. Sensor web capability requires autonomous management of constellation resources. This becomes progressively more important as more and more satellites share resource, such as communication channels and ground station,s while automatically coordinating their activities. There have been five ongoing activities which include an effort to standardize a set of middleware. This paper will describe one set of activities using the Earth Observing 1 satellite, which used a variety of ground and flight software along with other satellites and ground sensors to prototype a sensor web. This activity allowed us to explore where the difficulties that occur in the assembly of sensor webs given today s technology. We will present an overview of the software system architecture, some key experiments and lessons learned to facilitate better sensor webs in the future.

  7. Enhanced Service-Oriented Open Sensor Web Architecture with Application Server Based Mashup

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Sohail Khan; DoHyeun Kim

    2014-01-01

    Connecting the sensing devices present in the physical world to detect and measure various physical phenomenon such as temperature, humidity, and pollution into a network and presenting them as web resources to the end users have become the goal of a variety of research activities. As the physical network of these devices inherently possesses a heterogeneous nature thus most of the sensor web studies are based on providing domain specific solutions. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) has pro...

  8. A Web 2.0 and OGC Standards Enabled Sensor Web Architecture for Global Earth Observing System of Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Unger, Stephen; Ames, Troy; Frye, Stuart; Chien, Steve; Cappelaere, Pat; Tran, Danny; Derezinski, Linda; Paules, Granville

    2007-01-01

    This paper will describe the progress of a 3 year research award from the NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) that began October 1, 2006, in response to a NASA Announcement of Research Opportunity on the topic of sensor webs. The key goal of this research is to prototype an interoperable sensor architecture that will enable interoperability between a heterogeneous set of space-based, Unmanned Aerial System (UAS)-based and ground based sensors. Among the key capabilities being pursued is the ability to automatically discover and task the sensors via the Internet and to automatically discover and assemble the necessary science processing algorithms into workflows in order to transform the sensor data into valuable science products. Our first set of sensor web demonstrations will prototype science products useful in managing wildfires and will use such assets as the Earth Observing 1 spacecraft, managed out of NASA/GSFC, a UASbased instrument, managed out of Ames and some automated ground weather stations, managed by the Forest Service. Also, we are collaborating with some of the other ESTO awardees to expand this demonstration and create synergy between our research efforts. Finally, we are making use of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) suite of standards and some Web 2.0 capabilities to Beverage emerging technologies and standards. This research will demonstrate and validate a path for rapid, low cost sensor integration, which is not tied to a particular system, and thus be able to absorb new assets in an easily evolvable, coordinated manner. This in turn will help to facilitate the United States contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), as agreed by the U.S. and 60 other countries at the third Earth Observation Summit held in February of 2005.

  9. An Interoperable Architecture for Air Pollution Early Warning System Based on Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samadzadegan, F.; Zahmatkesh, H.; Saber, M.; Ghazi khanlou, H. J.

    2013-09-01

    Environmental monitoring systems deal with time-sensitive issues which require quick responses in emergency situations. Handling the sensor observations in near real-time and obtaining valuable information is challenging issues in these systems from a technical and scientific point of view. The ever-increasing population growth in urban areas has caused certain problems in developing countries, which has direct or indirect impact on human life. One of applicable solution for controlling and managing air quality by considering real time and update air quality information gathered by spatially distributed sensors in mega cities, using sensor web technology for developing monitoring and early warning systems. Urban air quality monitoring systems using functionalities of geospatial information system as a platform for analysing, processing, and visualization of data in combination with Sensor Web for supporting decision support systems in disaster management and emergency situations. This system uses Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), which offers a standard framework that allows the integration of sensors and sensor data into spatial data infrastructures. SWE framework introduces standards for services to access sensor data and discover events from sensor data streams as well as definition set of standards for the description of sensors and the encoding of measurements. The presented system provides capabilities to collect, transfer, share, process air quality sensor data and disseminate air quality status in real-time. It is possible to overcome interoperability challenges by using standard framework. In a routine scenario, air quality data measured by in-situ sensors are communicated to central station where data is analysed and processed. The extracted air quality status is processed for discovering emergency situations, and if necessary air quality reports are sent to the authorities. This research proposed an architecture to represent how integrate air quality sensor data stream into geospatial data infrastructure to present an interoperable air quality monitoring system for supporting disaster management systems by real time information. Developed system tested on Tehran air pollution sensors for calculating Air Quality Index (AQI) for CO pollutant and subsequently notifying registered users in emergency cases by sending warning E-mails. Air quality monitoring portal used to retrieving and visualize sensor observation through interoperable framework. This system provides capabilities to retrieve SOS observation using WPS in a cascaded service chaining pattern for monitoring trend of timely sensor observation.

  10. AN INTEROPERABLE ARCHITECTURE FOR AIR POLLUTION EARLY WARNING SYSTEM BASED ON SENSOR WEB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Samadzadegan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Environmental monitoring systems deal with time-sensitive issues which require quick responses in emergency situations. Handling the sensor observations in near real-time and obtaining valuable information is challenging issues in these systems from a technical and scientific point of view. The ever-increasing population growth in urban areas has caused certain problems in developing countries, which has direct or indirect impact on human life. One of applicable solution for controlling and managing air quality by considering real time and update air quality information gathered by spatially distributed sensors in mega cities, using sensor web technology for developing monitoring and early warning systems. Urban air quality monitoring systems using functionalities of geospatial information system as a platform for analysing, processing, and visualization of data in combination with Sensor Web for supporting decision support systems in disaster management and emergency situations. This system uses Sensor Web Enablement (SWE framework of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC, which offers a standard framework that allows the integration of sensors and sensor data into spatial data infrastructures. SWE framework introduces standards for services to access sensor data and discover events from sensor data streams as well as definition set of standards for the description of sensors and the encoding of measurements. The presented system provides capabilities to collect, transfer, share, process air quality sensor data and disseminate air quality status in real-time. It is possible to overcome interoperability challenges by using standard framework. In a routine scenario, air quality data measured by in-situ sensors are communicated to central station where data is analysed and processed. The extracted air quality status is processed for discovering emergency situations, and if necessary air quality reports are sent to the authorities. This research proposed an architecture to represent how integrate air quality sensor data stream into geospatial data infrastructure to present an interoperable air quality monitoring system for supporting disaster management systems by real time information. Developed system tested on Tehran air pollution sensors for calculating Air Quality Index (AQI for CO pollutant and subsequently notifying registered users in emergency cases by sending warning E-mails. Air quality monitoring portal used to retrieving and visualize sensor observation through interoperable framework. This system provides capabilities to retrieve SOS observation using WPS in a cascaded service chaining pattern for monitoring trend of timely sensor observation.

  11. Sensor web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delin, Kevin A. (Inventor); Jackson, Shannon P. (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    A Sensor Web formed of a number of different sensor pods. Each of the sensor pods include a clock which is synchronized with a master clock so that all of the sensor pods in the Web have a synchronized clock. The synchronization is carried out by first using a coarse synchronization which takes less power, and subsequently carrying out a fine synchronization to make a fine sync of all the pods on the Web. After the synchronization, the pods ping their neighbors to determine which pods are listening and responded, and then only listen during time slots corresponding to those pods which respond.

  12. A Web service-based architecture for real-time hydrologic sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, B. P.; Zhao, Y.; Kerkez, B.

    2014-12-01

    Recent advances in web services and cloud computing provide new means by which to process and respond to real-time data. This is particularly true of platforms built for the Internet of Things (IoT). These enterprise-scale platforms have been designed to exploit the IP-connectivity of sensors and actuators, providing a robust means by which to route real-time data feeds and respond to events of interest. While powerful and scalable, these platforms have yet to be adopted by the hydrologic community, where the value of real-time data impacts both scientists and decision makers. We discuss the use of one such IoT platform for the purpose of large-scale hydrologic measurements, showing how rapid deployment and ease-of-use allows scientists to focus on their experiment rather than software development. The platform is hardware agnostic, requiring only IP-connectivity of field devices to capture, store, process, and visualize data in real-time. We demonstrate the benefits of real-time data through a real-world use case by showing how our architecture enables the remote control of sensor nodes, thereby permitting the nodes to adaptively change sampling strategies to capture major hydrologic events of interest.

  13. Space-Based Sensor Web for Earth Science Applications: An Integrated Architecture for Providing Societal Benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Shahid; Talabac, Stephen J.

    2004-01-01

    There is a significant interest in the Earth Science research and user remote sensing community to substantially increase the number of useful observations relative to the current frequency of collection. The obvious reason for such a push is to improve the temporal, spectral, and spatial coverage of the area(s) under investigation. However, there is little analysis available in terms of the benefits, costs and the optimal set of sensors needed to make the necessary observations. Classic observing system solutions may no longer be applicable because of their point design philosophy. Instead, a new intelligent data collection system paradigm employing both reactive and proactive measurement strategies with adaptability to the dynamics of the phenomena should be developed. This is a complex problem that should be carefully studied and balanced across various boundaries including: science, modeling, applications, and technology. Modeling plays a crucial role in making useful predictions about naturally occurring or human-induced phenomena In particular, modeling can serve to mitigate the potentially deleterious impacts a phenomenon may have on human life, property, and the economy. This is especially significant when one is interested in learning about the dynamics of, for example, the spread of forest fires, regional to large-scale air quality issues, the spread of the harmful invasive species, or the atmospheric transport of volcanic plumes and ash. This paper identifies and examines these challenging issues and presents architectural alternatives for an integrated sensor web to provide observing scenarios driving the requisite dynamic spatial, spectral, and temporal characteristics to address these key application areas. A special emphasis is placed on the observing systems and its operational aspects in serving the multiple users and stakeholders in providing societal benefits. We also address how such systems will take advantage of technological advancement in small spacecraft and emerging information technologies, and how sensor web options may be realized and made affordable. Specialized detector subsystems and precision flying techniques may still require substantial innovation, development time and cost: we have presented the considerations for these issues. Finally, data and information gathering and compression techniques are also briefly described.

  14. Semantic Sensor Web Enablement for COAST Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) is an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) that facilitates discovery and integration of...

  15. GITEWS, an extensible and open integration platform for manifold sensor systems and processing components based on Sensor Web Enablement and the principles of Service Oriented Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haener, Rainer; Waechter, Joachim; Fleischer, Jens; Herrnkind, Stefan; Schwarting, Herrmann

    2010-05-01

    The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) is a multifaceted system consisting of various sensor types like seismometers, sea level sensors or GPS stations, and processing components, all with their own system behavior and proprietary data structure. To operate a warning chain, beginning from measurements scaling up to warning products, all components have to interact in a correct way, both syntactically and semantically. Designing the system great emphasis was laid on conformity to the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) specification by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). The technical infrastructure, the so called Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) follows the blueprint of Service Oriented Architectures (SOA). The TSB is an integration concept (SWE) where functionality (observe, task, notify, alert, and process) is grouped around business processes (Monitoring, Decision Support, Sensor Management) and packaged as interoperable services (SAS, SOS, SPS, WNS). The benefits of using a flexible architecture together with SWE lead to an open integration platform: • accessing and controlling heterogeneous sensors in a uniform way (Functional Integration) • assigns functionality to distinct services (Separation of Concerns) • allows resilient relationship between systems (Loose Coupling) • integrates services so that they can be accessed from everywhere (Location Transparency) • enables infrastructures which integrate heterogeneous applications (Encapsulation) • allows combination of services (Orchestration) and data exchange within business processes Warning systems will evolve over time: New sensor types might be added, old sensors will be replaced and processing components will be improved. From a collection of few basic services it shall be possible to compose more complex functionality essential for specific warning systems. Given these requirements a flexible infrastructure is a prerequisite for sustainable systems and their architecture must be tailored for evolution. The use of well-known techniques and widely used open source software implementing industrial standards reduces the impact of service modifications allowing the evolution of a system as a whole. GITEWS implemented a solution to feed sensor raw data from any (remote) system into the infrastructure. Specific dispatchers enable plugging in sensor-type specific processing without changing the architecture. Client components don't need to be adjusted if new sensor-types or individuals are added to the system, because they access them via standardized services. One of the outstanding features of service-oriented architectures is the possibility to compose new services from existing ones. The so called orchestration, allows the definition of new warning processes which can be adapted easily to new requirements. This approach has following advantages: • With implementing SWE it is possible to establish the "detection" and integration of sensors via the internet. Thus a system of systems combining early warning functionality at different levels of detail is feasible. • Any institution could add both its own components as well as components from third parties if they are developed in conformance to SOA principles. In a federation an institution keeps the ownership of its data and decides which data are provided by a service and when. • A system can be deployed at minor costs as a core for own development at any institution and thus enabling autonomous early warning- or monitoring systems. The presentation covers both design and various instantiations (live demonstration) of the GITEWS architecture. Experiences concerning the design and complexity of SWE will be addressed in detail. A substantial amount of attention is laid on the techniques and methods of extending the architecture, adapting proprietary components to SWE services and encoding, and their orchestration in high level workflows and processes. Furthermore the potential of the architecture concerning adaptive behavior, collaboration across boundaries and semantic interoperab

  16. Autonomy and Sensor Webs: The Evolution of Mission Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, Rob

    2008-01-01

    Demonstration of these sensor web capabilities will enable fast responding science campaigns that combine spaceborne, airborne, and ground assets. Sensor webs will also require new operations paradigms. These sensor webs will be operated directly by scientists using science goals to control their instruments. We will explore these new operations architectures through a study of existing sensor web prototypes.

  17. Web Service Architecture Framework for Embedded Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanzick, Paul David

    2009-01-01

    The use of Service Oriented Architectures, namely web services, has become a widely adopted method for transfer of data between systems across the Internet as well as the Enterprise. Adopting a similar approach to embedded devices is also starting to emerge as personal devices and sensor networks are becoming more common in the industry. This…

  18. Semantic Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheth, A.; Henson, C.; Thirunarayan, K.

    2008-12-01

    Sensors are distributed across the globe leading to an avalanche of data about our environment. It is possible today to utilize networks of sensors to detect and identify a multitude of observations, from simple phenomena to complex events and situations. The lack of integration and communication between these networks, however, often isolates important data streams and intensifies the existing problem of too much data and not enough knowledge. With a view to addressing this problem, the Semantic Sensor Web (SSW) [1] proposes that sensor data be annotated with semantic metadata that will both increase interoperability and provide contextual information essential for situational knowledge. Kno.e.sis Center's approach to SSW is an evolutionary one. It adds semantic annotations to the existing standard sensor languages of the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) defined by OGC. These annotations enhance primarily syntactic XML-based descriptions in OGC's SWE languages with microformats, and W3C's Semantic Web languages- RDF and OWL. In association with semantic annotation and semantic web capabilities including ontologies and rules, SSW supports interoperability, analysis and reasoning over heterogeneous multi-modal sensor data. In this presentation, we will also demonstrate a mashup with support for complex spatio-temporal-thematic queries [2] and semantic analysis that utilize semantic annotations, multiple ontologies and rules. It uses existing services (e.g., GoogleMap) and semantics enhanced SWE's Sensor Observation Service (SOS) over weather and road condition data from various sensors that are part of Ohio's transportation network. Our upcoming plans are to demonstrate end to end (heterogeneous sensor to application) semantics support and study scalability of SSW involving thousands of sensors to about a billion triples. Keywords: Semantic Sensor Web, Spatiotemporal thematic queries, Semantic Web Enablement, Sensor Observation Service [1] Amit Sheth, Cory Henson, Satya S. Sahoo, "Semantic Sensor Web," IEEE Internet Computing, 12 (4), July-August 2008, pp. 78-83. http://knoesis.wright.edu/research/semsci/application_domain/sem_sensor/ [2] Amit Sheth and Matthew Perry, "Traveling the Semantic Web through Space, Time and Theme," IEEE Internet Computing, 12 (2), February-March 2008. http://knoesis.org/research/semweb/projects/stt/

  19. Sensor Web Interaction

    OpenAIRE

    O'Hare, G. M. P.; Muldoon, Conor; O'Grady, Michael J.; Collier, Rem; Murdoch, Olga; Carr, Dominic

    2012-01-01

    Ubiquitous sensing fuses the concepts of intelligent systems with ubiquitous computing in the development of novel sensor web applications, whereby the interaction of multiple disparate autonomous artefacts is a key requirement. In this paper, we present SIXTH, which is a middleware infrastructure for Ubiquitous Sensing that facilitates, and supports, the development and deployment of Sensor Web applications. SIXTH has been designed to be extensible, with provisions for user de...

  20. Improving Open Web Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Michael

    2000-01-01

    When people use the Internet today, they use their browsers to connect to a web server located anywhere in the world and download a specified page that they have requested. Unless this page contains a Form, CGI-Script, Java Script or a Java Applet (providing of course the user's browser supports Java), there is no other way the user can interact with the web page. Even with this interaction, the user is still physically unable to edit the page itself so the source HTML code for...

  1. Sensor Webs in Virtual Globes

    CERN Document Server

    Heavner, M; Hood, E; Connor, C

    2009-01-01

    A sensor web is a collection of heterogeneous sensors which autonomously reacts to the observed environment. The SouthEast Alaska MOnitoring Network for Science, Telecommunications, Education, and Research (SEAMONSTER) project has implemented a sensor web in partially glaciated watersheds near Juneau, Alaska, on the edge of the Juneau Icefield. By coupling the SEAMONSTER sensor web with digital earth technologies the scientific utility, education and public outreach efforts, and sensor web management of the project all greatly benefit. This paper describes the scientific motivation for a sensor web, the technology developed to implement the sensor web, the software developed to couple the sensor web with digital earth technologies, and demonstrates the SEAMONSTER sensor web in a digital earth framework.

  2. A Web Server for Sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Tian, Ye

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes the project “A new Web Server for sensors”. The project has created a demonstration web service that can receive data from sensors ( both fixed sensors and movable sensors) and distribute the received information in the form of web pages. These web pages can provide forms that enable the user to enter commands which are to be given to sensors. The aim of this thesis project was to design and evaluate web-based application which could utilize sensor data. In this project,...

  3. Concurrent programming for scalable web architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Erb, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Web architectures are an important asset for various large-scale web applications, such as social networks or e-commerce sites. Being able to handle huge numbers of users concurrently is essential, thus scalability is one of the most important features of these architectures. Multi-core processors, highly distributed backend architectures and new web technologies force us to reconsider approaches for concurrent programming in order to implement web applications and fulfil scalability demands....

  4. New Generation Sensor Web Enablement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bröring, Arne; Echterhoff, Johannes; Jirka, Simon; Simonis, Ingo; Everding, Thomas; Stasch, Christoph; Liang, Steve; Lemmens, Rob

    2011-01-01

    Many sensor networks have been deployed to monitor Earth’s environment, and more will follow in the future. Environmental sensors have improved continuously by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent. Due to the large number of sensor manufacturers and differing accompanying protocols, integrating diverse sensors into observation systems is not straightforward. A coherent infrastructure is needed to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way. The concept of the Sensor Web reflects such a kind of infrastructure for sharing, finding, and accessing sensors and their data across different applications. It hides the heterogeneous sensor hardware and communication protocols from the applications built on top of it. The Sensor Web Enablement initiative of the Open Geospatial Consortium standardizes web service interfaces and data encodings which can be used as building blocks for a Sensor Web. This article illustrates and analyzes the recent developments of the new generation of the Sensor Web Enablement specification framework. Further, we relate the Sensor Web to other emerging concepts such as the Web of Things and point out challenges and resulting future work topics for research on Sensor Web Enablement. PMID:22163760

  5. Applying Sensor Web Technology to Marine Sensor Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jirka, Simon; del Rio, Joaquin; Mihai Toma, Daniel; Nüst, Daniel; Stasch, Christoph; Delory, Eric

    2015-04-01

    In this contribution we present two activities illustrating how Sensor Web technology helps to enable a flexible and interoperable sharing of marine observation data based on standards. An important foundation is the Sensor Web Architecture developed by the European FP7 project NeXOS (Next generation Low-Cost Multifunctional Web Enabled Ocean Sensor Systems Empowering Marine, Maritime and Fisheries Management). This architecture relies on the Open Geospatial Consortium's (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) framework. It is an exemplary solution for facilitating the interoperable exchange of marine observation data within and between (research) organisations. The architecture addresses a series of functional and non-functional requirements which are fulfilled through different types of OGC SWE components. The diverse functionalities offered by the NeXOS Sensor Web architecture are shown in the following overview: - Pull-based observation data download: This is achieved through the OGC Sensor Observation Service (SOS) 2.0 interface standard. - Push-based delivery of observation data to allow users the subscription to new measurements that are relevant for them: For this purpose there are currently several specification activities under evaluation (e.g. OGC Sensor Event Service, OGC Publish/Subscribe Standards Working Group). - (Web-based) visualisation of marine observation data: Implemented through SOS client applications. - Configuration and controlling of sensor devices: This is ensured through the OGC Sensor Planning Service 2.0 interface. - Bridging between sensors/data loggers and Sensor Web components: For this purpose several components such as the "Smart Electronic Interface for Sensor Interoperability" (SEISI) concept are developed; this is complemented by a more lightweight SOS extension (e.g. based on the W3C Efficient XML Interchange (EXI) format). To further advance this architecture, there is on-going work to develop dedicated profiles of selected OGC SWE specifications that provide stricter guidance how these standards shall be applied to marine data (e.g. SensorML 2.0 profiles stating which metadata elements are mandatory building upon the ESONET Sensor Registry developments, etc.). Within the NeXOS project the presented architecture is implemented as a set of open source components. These implementations can be re-used by all interested scientists and data providers needing tools for publishing or consuming oceanographic sensor data. In further projects such as the European project FixO3 (Fixed-point Open Ocean Observatories), these software development activities are complemented with additional efforts to provide guidance how Sensor Web technology can be applied in an efficient manner. This way, not only software components are made available but also documentation and information resources that help to understand which types of Sensor Web deployments are best suited to fulfil different types of user requirements.

  6. Web services access control architecture incorporating trust

    OpenAIRE

    Coetzee, Marijke; Eloff, Jan H.P.

    2007-01-01

    PURPOSE – This paper seeks to investigate how the concept of a trust level is used in the access control policy of a web services provider in conjunction with the attributes of users. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH – A literature review is presented to provide background to the progressive role that trust plays in access control architectures. The web services access control architecture is defined. FINDINGS – The architecture of an access control service of a web service provider cons...

  7. Functional webs for freeform architecture

    KAUST Repository

    Deng, Bailin

    2011-08-01

    Rationalization and construction-aware design dominate the issue of realizability of freeform architecture. The former means the decomposition of an intended shape into parts which are sufficiently simple and efficient to manufacture; the latter refers to a design procedure which already incorporates rationalization. Recent contributions to this topic have been concerned mostly with small-scale parts, for instance with planar faces of meshes. The present paper deals with another important aspect, namely long-range parts and supporting structures. It turns out that from the pure geometry viewpoint this means studying families of curves which cover surfaces in certain well-defined ways. Depending on the application one has in mind, different combinatorial arrangements of curves are required. We here restrict ourselves to so-called hexagonal webs which correspond to a triangular or tri-hex decomposition of a surface. The individual curve may have certain special properties, like being planar, being a geodesic, or being part of a circle. Each of these properties is motivated by manufacturability considerations and imposes constraints on the shape of the surface. We investigate the available degrees of freedom, show numerical methods of optimization, and demonstrate the effectivity of our approach and the variability of construction solutions derived from webs by means of actual architectural designs.

  8. Web Service Architecture for e-Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Qiu

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Message-based Web Service architecture provides a unified approach to applications and Web Services that incorporates the flexibility of messaging and distributed components. We propose SMMV and MMMV collaboration as the general architecture of collaboration based on a Web service model, which accommodates both instructor-led learning and participatory learning. This approach derives from our message-based Model-View-Controller (M-MVC architecture of Web applications, comprises an event-driven Publish/Subscribe scheme, and provides effective collaboration with high interactivity of rich Web content for diverse clients over heterogeneous network environments.

  9. Multi-Sensor Architectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hussain, Dil Muhammad Akbar; Ahmed, Zaki; Khan, M. Z.

    The use of multiple sensors typically requires the fusion of data from different type of sensors. The combined use of such a data has the potential to give an efficient, high quality and reliable estimation. Input data from different sensors allows the introduction of target attributes (target type......, size) into the association logic. This requires a more general association logic, in which both the physical position parameters and the target attributes can be used simultaneously. Although, the data fusion from a number of sensors could provide better and reliable estimation but abundance of...... processing units for same type of multiple sensors, typically radar in our case....

  10. Multi-Sensor Architectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hussain, Dil Muhammad Akbar; Ahmed, Zaki; Khan, M. Z.

    2012-01-01

    The use of multiple sensors typically requires the fusion of data from different type of sensors. The combined use of such a data has the potential to give an efficient, high quality and reliable estimation. Input data from different sensors allows the introduction of target attributes (target type, size) into the association logic. This requires a more general association logic, in which both the physical position parameters and the target attributes can be used simultaneously. Although, the da...

  11. Multi-Sensor Architectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hussain, Dil Muhammad Akbar; Ahmed, Zaki

    2012-01-01

    The use of multiple sensors typically requires the fusion of data from different type of sensors. The combined use of such a data has the potential to give an efficient, high quality and reliable estimation. Input data from different sensors allows the introduction of target attributes (target type, size) into the association logic. This requires a more general association logic, in which both the physical position parameters and the target attributes can be used simultaneously. Although, the data fusion from a number of sensors could provide better and reliable estimation but abundance of information is to be handled. Therefore, more extensive computer resources are needed for such a system. The parallel processing technique could be an alternative for such a system. The main objective of this research is to provide a real time task allocation strategy for data processing using multiple processing units for same type of multiple sensors, typically radar in our case.

  12. WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Jose Echevarria

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.. This work presents a novel solution (WebTag for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm.

  13. WebTag: Web browsing into sensor tags over NFC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Juan Jose; Ruiz-de-Garibay, Jonathan; Legarda, Jon; Alvarez, Maite; Ayerbe, Ana; Vazquez, Juan Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.). This work presents a novel solution (WebTag) for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm. PMID:23012511

  14. Information Architecture for Bilingual Web Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunliffe, Daniel; Jones, Helen; Jarvis, Melanie; Egan, Kevin; Huws, Rhian; Munro, Sian

    2002-01-01

    Discusses creating an information architecture for a bilingual Web site and reports work in progress on the development of a content-based bilingual Web site to facilitate shared resources between speech and language therapists. Considers a structural analysis of existing bilingual Web designs and explains a card-sorting activity conducted with…

  15. Research of marine sensor web based on SOA and EDA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yongguo; Dou, Jinfeng; Guo, Zhongwen; Hu, Keyong

    2015-04-01

    A great deal of ocean sensor observation data exists, for a wide range of marine disciplines, derived from in situ and remote observing platforms, in real-time, near-real-time and delayed mode. Ocean monitoring is routinely completed using sensors and instruments. Standardization is the key requirement for exchanging information about ocean sensors and sensor data and for comparing and combining information from different sensor networks. One or more sensors are often physically integrated into a single ocean `instrument' device, which often brings in many challenges related to diverse sensor data formats, parameters units, different spatiotemporal resolution, application domains, data quality and sensors protocols. To face these challenges requires the standardization efforts aiming at facilitating the so-called Sensor Web, which making it easy to provide public access to sensor data and metadata information. In this paper, a Marine Sensor Web, based on SOA and EDA and integrating the MBARI's PUCK protocol, IEEE 1451 and OGC SWE 2.0, is illustrated with a five-layer architecture. The Web Service layer and Event Process layer are illustrated in detail with an actual example. The demo study has demonstrated that a standard-based system can be built to access sensors and marine instruments distributed globally using common Web browsers for monitoring the environment and oceanic conditions besides marine sensor data on the Web, this framework of Marine Sensor Web can also play an important role in many other domains' information integration.

  16. URI Identity and Web Architecture Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaoshu

    2012-01-01

    This document reexamined the URI's identity issue and the debate regarding the nature of "information resource". By making emphasis on the abstract nature of resource and the role of URI as an interface to the web, this article presented an alternative viewpoint about the architecture of the web that would allow us to objectively and consistently treat all kinds of resources.

  17. Information Architecture for the World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Louis; Morville, Peter

    This book provides effective approaches for designers, information architects, and web site managers who are faced with sites that are becoming difficult to use and maintain. The book is divided into 10 sections. Chapter 1: "What Makes a Web Site Work" considers site users needs when designing the architecture; Chapter 2: "Introduction to…

  18. Sensing the sensor web

    OpenAIRE

    Wan, Jie; O'Grady, Michael J; O'Hare, G. M. P.

    2012-01-01

    The maturity of pervasive computing and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) enables the development of smart environments in many scenarios, including surveillance and environmental monitoring. Extensive research efforts are being undertaken in sensor perception, data capture, management and interpretation. Such developments are a prerequisite for paradigms such as pervasive sensing and crowd-sourcing services. For mobile users, the issues of dynamic sensor discovery, data interpretation and visu...

  19. Goal-Directed Planning for Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, R.; Dungan, J. L.; Khatib, L.; Votava, P.

    2007-12-01

    An Earth-observing sensor web is an organization of space, airborne, or in situ sensing devices for collecting measurements of the Earth's processes. Sensor web coordination involves formulating Earth science goals and transforming them into sensor web workflows, i.e., sequences of data acquisition and processing tasks that satisfy the specified goals. Automating parts of this process using recent advances in intelligent control software technology will offer improved sensor web effectiveness. Our approach to the coordination problem applies architectural concepts of workflow management systems by identifying two phases in workflow generation. In the first phase, users formulate high-level campaign goals that are automatically transformed into abstract workflow plans. An abstract workflow plan represents the organization of data acquisition and processing actions that fulfills the goals specified by the user, but leaves out details such as how requests for access to a data resource are formatted. Abstracting away these details improves the usability of sensor web resources by scientists. To implement the first phase, we utilize the Labeled Transition System Analyzer (LTSA), a model-checking software tool. LTSA contains a concise process-based language, FSP (Finite State Processes) for designing and modeling software programs. We will use LTSA and FSP to automate the process of building executable plans for accessing resources on a sensor web. FSP has the constructs for representing conditional dependencies, iterations, and parallel actions, all of which are common features in Earth science campaigns. The second phase of the process consists of the automatic transformation of an abstract plan into a concrete plan, i.e., a sequence of actions that can be autonomously executed on a sensor web. The transformation in phase two might require further decomposition of actions in the abstract plan into a sequence of lower-level data acquisition requests. It may also involve the selection of resources to accomplish a given action and the representation of data acquisition tasks in a format that is recognized by the targeted resource (e.g. a sensor control command or a data archive query). The second phase relies on a service-layer information infrastructure for accessing sensor web resources. Standardizing requirements for such a service layer through the Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement (OGC/SWE) effort should allow access to numerous and diverse sensor web resources. For the purpose of demonstrating a prototype of our workflow management concepts, our system currently utilizes a simpler information infrastructure layer for servicing requests. This layer controls access to TOPS (Terrestrial Observation and Prediction System), a modeling software system that brings together technologies in information technology, weather/climate forecasting, ecosystem modeling, and satellite remote sensing to enhance management decisions related to floods, droughts, forest fires, human health, and crop, range, and forest production. We provide examples of concrete plans for accessing TOPS data and modeling resources and how they are generated from abstract plans.

  20. Data Architecture for Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Ježek

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Fast development of hardware in recent years leads to the high availability of simple sensing devices at minimal cost. As a consequence, there is many of sensor networks nowadays. These networks can continuously produce a large amount of observed data including the location of measurement. Optimal data architecture for such propose is a challenging issue due to its large scale and spatio-temporal nature.  The aim of this paper is to describe data architecture that was used in a particular solution for storage of sensor data. This solution is based on relation data model – concretely PostgreSQL and PostGIS. We will mention out experience from real world projects focused on car monitoring and project targeted on agriculture sensor networks. We will also shortly demonstrate the possibilities of client side API and the potential of other open source libraries that can be used for cartographic visualization (e.g. GeoServer. The main objective is to describe the strength and weakness of usage of relation database system for such propose and to introduce also alternative approaches based on NoSQL concept.

  1. Information architecture for a planetary 'exploration web'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamarra, N.; McVittie, T.

    2002-01-01

    'Web services' is a common way of deploying distributed applications whose software components and data sources may be in different locations, formats, languages, etc. Although such collaboration is not utilized significantly in planetary exploration, we believe there is significant benefit in developing an architecture in which missions could leverage each others capabilities. We believe that an incremental deployment of such an architecture could significantly contribute to the evolution of increasingly capable, efficient, and even autonomous remote exploration.

  2. Reconfigurable architecture for embedding web services

    OpenAIRE

    Cuenca Asensi, Sergio; Ramos Morillo, Héctor; Llorens Martínez, Héctor; Maciá Pérez, Francisco

    2008-01-01

    The Web services framework is specially conceived for integrating, in an easy way, different Internet services from different providers. Web services have been widely adopted in business applications using PC-based servers as their main implementation platform. However, the nowadays growing computational and communication power of the FPGA devices allows its implementation taking advantage of the special features that those platforms offer. In this work we propose a reconfigurable architectur...

  3. The Clarens web services architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Steenberg, Conrad D.; Aslakson, Eric; Bunn, Julian J.; Newman, Harvey B.; Thomas, Michael; van Lingen, Frank

    2003-01-01

    Clarens is a uniquely flexible web services infrastructure providing a unified access protocol to a diverse set of functions useful to the HEP community. It uses the standard HTTP protocol combined with application layer, certificate based authentication to provide single sign-on to individuals, organizations and hosts, with fine-grained access control to services, files and virtual organization (VO) management. This contribution describes the server functionality, while cli...

  4. Wireless Sensor Network Architectures for Different Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjeev Narayan Bal

    2012-01-01

    Recent technological advances enabled the design andproliferation of wireless sensor networks capable ofautonomously monitoring and controlling environments. Oneof the most promising applications of sensor networks is forhuman health monitoring. The wireless body area networkspromise to revolutionize health monitoring. Within a smartbuilding many sensors and actuators are interconnected to forma control system. Here a web services-based approach tointegrate resource constrained sensor and act...

  5. A Semantic Sensor Web for Environmental Decision Support Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl García-Castro

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Sensing devices are increasingly being deployed to monitor the physical world around us. One class of application for which sensor data is pertinent is environmental decision support systems, e.g., flood emergency response. For these applications, the sensor readings need to be put in context by integrating them with other sources of data about the surrounding environment. Traditional systems for predicting and detecting floods rely on methods that need significant human resources. In this paper we describe a semantic sensor web architecture for integrating multiple heterogeneous datasets, including live and historic sensor data, databases, and map layers. The architecture provides mechanisms for discovering datasets, defining integrated views over them, continuously receiving data in real-time, and visualising on screen and interacting with the data. Our approach makes extensive use of web service standards for querying and accessing data, and semantic technologies to discover and integrate datasets. We demonstrate the use of our semantic sensor web architecture in the context of a flood response planning web application that uses data from sensor networks monitoring the sea-state around the coast of England.

  6. Hybrid architecture for building secure sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Ken R., Jr.; Watkins, Steve E.

    2012-04-01

    Sensor networks have various communication and security architectural concerns. Three approaches are defined to address these concerns for sensor networks. The first area is the utilization of new computing architectures that leverage embedded virtualization software on the sensor. Deploying a small, embedded virtualization operating system on the sensor nodes that is designed to communicate to low-cost cloud computing infrastructure in the network is the foundation to delivering low-cost, secure sensor networks. The second area focuses on securing the sensor. Sensor security components include developing an identification scheme, and leveraging authentication algorithms and protocols that address security assurance within the physical, communication network, and application layers. This function will primarily be accomplished through encrypting the communication channel and integrating sensor network firewall and intrusion detection/prevention components to the sensor network architecture. Hence, sensor networks will be able to maintain high levels of security. The third area addresses the real-time and high priority nature of the data that sensor networks collect. This function requires that a quality-of-service (QoS) definition and algorithm be developed for delivering the right data at the right time. A hybrid architecture is proposed that combines software and hardware features to handle network traffic with diverse QoS requirements.

  7. Semantically-Enabled Sensor Plug & Play for the Sensor Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Nüst

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Environmental sensors have continuously improved by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent over the past years. As consequence of these technological advancements, sensors are increasingly deployed to monitor our environment. The large variety of available sensor types with often incompatible protocols complicates the integration of sensors into observing systems. The standardized Web service interfaces and data encodings defined within OGC’s Sensor Web Enablement (SWE framework make sensors available over the Web and hide the heterogeneous sensor protocols from applications. So far, the SWE framework does not describe how to integrate sensors on-the-fly with minimal human intervention. The driver software which enables access to sensors has to be implemented and the measured sensor data has to be manually mapped to the SWE models. In this article we introduce a Sensor Plug & Play infrastructure for the Sensor Web by combining (1 semantic matchmaking functionality, (2 a publish/subscribe mechanism underlying the SensorWeb, as well as (3 a model for the declarative description of sensor interfaces which serves as a generic driver mechanism. We implement and evaluate our approach by applying it to an oil spill scenario. The matchmaking is realized using existing ontologies and reasoning engines and provides a strong case for the semantic integration capabilities provided by Semantic Web research.

  8. Towards a Software Architecture for Sensor Middleware

    OpenAIRE

    Michiels, Sam; Elen, Bart; Joosen, Wouter; Verbaeten, Pierre

    2006-01-01

    Developing and deploying end-to-end applications for sensor networks in a realistic (business) context remains highly complex. We identify two main reasons for this complexity: the need for interoperability between applications and the underlying system software, and the need to integrate functionality that runs on different types of hardware platforms. This position paper argues for an integrated, generic software architecture for sensor applications. This architecture is the blueprint of...

  9. Secure Architecture Evaluation for Agent Based Web Service Discovery

    OpenAIRE

    Prasath, V.; Baskarane, R.; Savaridassan, P.

    2010-01-01

    Web Services can be published, discovered and invoked over the web. Web Services can be implemented in any available technology but they are accessible through a standard protocol. With web services being accepted and deployed in both research and industrial areas, the security related issues become important. In this paper, architecture evaluated for web service on negotiating a mutually acceptable security policy based on web service description language to both consumer and provider [1]. I...

  10. Semantic Architecture for Web application Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Razzaq

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Growth of web applications has facilitated the humanity almost in all aspects of life especially e-health, e-business and e-communication but this application are exposed for web attacks, unauthorized access, evil intentions and treacherous engagements. Various strategies have been formulated over a period of time in the form of intrusion detection system, encryption devices, and firewalls but still proved to be ineffective. In this paper, we have proposed a system having semantic architecture that is capable of performing detection semantically in the context of HTTP protocol, the data, and the target application. The knowledgebase of the system is the ontological representation of communication protocol, attacks data and the application profile that can be refined and expanded over time. Unlike traditional signature base approach, the semantic architecture analysis the HTTP request with the help of semantic rules and inferred knowledge after reasoning of knowledgebase through Inference engine. Non signature based approach of the system enhance the capability of the system to detect the unknown attacks with low false positive rate. The system is evaluated by comparing with existing open source solutions and showing significant improvement in term of detection ability with low alarm rate

  11. Component Architectures and Web-Based Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferdig, Richard E.; Mishra, Punya; Zhao, Yong

    2004-01-01

    The Web has caught the attention of many educators as an efficient communication medium and content delivery system. But we feel there is another aspect of the Web that has not been given the attention it deserves. We call this aspect of the Web its "component architecture." Briefly it means that on the Web one can develop very complex…

  12. A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler with Focused Web Crawler?

    OpenAIRE

    Sarnam Singh; Nidhi Tyagi?

    2013-01-01

    This Paper described A Novel Architecture of Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler withFocused Web Crawler. We enumerate the major components of any Scalable and Focused Web Crawler anddescribe the particular components used in this Novel Architecture. We also describe this Novel Architecturesupport for Extensibility and downloaded user’s support information. We also describe how the Focused WebCrawler component integrates with Mercator: A Scalable, Extensible Web Crawler and also desc...

  13. A Ubiquitous Sensor Network Platform for Integrating Smart Devices into the Semantic Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Vera, David Díaz Pardo; Izquierdo, Álvaro Sigüenza; Vercher, Jesús Bernat; Gómez, Luis Alfonso Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Ongoing Sensor Web developments make a growing amount of heterogeneous sensor data available to smart devices. This is generating an increasing demand for homogeneous mechanisms to access, publish and share real-world information. This paper discusses, first, an architectural solution based on Next Generation Networks: a pilot Telco Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN) Platform that embeds several OGC® Sensor Web services. This platform has already been deployed in large scale projects. Second, the USN-Platform is extended to explore a first approach to Semantic Sensor Web principles and technologies, so that smart devices can access Sensor Web data, allowing them also to share richer (semantically interpreted) information. An experimental scenario is presented: a smart car that consumes and produces real-world information which is integrated into the Semantic Sensor Web through a Telco USN-Platform. Performance tests revealed that observation publishing times with our experimental system were well within limits compatible with the adequate operation of smart safety assistance systems in vehicles. On the other hand, response times for complex queries on large repositories may be inappropriate for rapid reaction needs. PMID:24945678

  14. A Ubiquitous Sensor Network Platform for Integrating Smart Devices into the Semantic Sensor Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Díaz Pardo de Vera

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ongoing Sensor Web developments make a growing amount of heterogeneous sensor data available to smart devices. This is generating an increasing demand for homogeneous mechanisms to access, publish and share real-world information. This paper discusses, first, an architectural solution based on Next Generation Networks: a pilot Telco Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN Platform that embeds several OGC® Sensor Web services. This platform has already been deployed in large scale projects. Second, the USN-Platform is extended to explore a first approach to Semantic Sensor Web principles and technologies, so that smart devices can access Sensor Web data, allowing them also to share richer (semantically interpreted information. An experimental scenario is presented: a smart car that consumes and produces real-world information which is integrated into the Semantic Sensor Web through a Telco USN-Platform. Performance tests revealed that observation publishing times with our experimental system were well within limits compatible with the adequate operation of smart safety assistance systems in vehicles. On the other hand, response times for complex queries on large repositories may be inappropriate for rapid reaction needs.

  15. A Survey of Wireless Sensor Network Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Davis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A wireless sensor network (WSN consists of spatially distributed autonomous sensors that cooperativelymonitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion,or pollutants, at different locations. Recent advances in low-power highly-integrated electronics,advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS, rapid growth in the type and quality of availablesensors, and progress in communication have allowed WSNs to achieve an unprecedented growth incommercial, industrial and military applications. In order to better understand WSNs, we look at theirnetwork architectures. In this survey, we classify existing WSN architectures into specific groups basedon WSN behaviour and data flow characteristics. Existing architectures are described and presentedalong with their advantages and disadvantages. The existing architectures are also evaluated in terms ofmost common WSN performance parameters such as network lifetime, latency, reliability, quality ofservice (QoS, fidelity, scalability, modularity, and ease of deployment.

  16. UTILIZATION OF WEB SERVICES FOR SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunjal B. Mankad

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rapid evolution of software architectures has become nowadays trend, in which distributed processing has proven highly efficient. Multiple architectures for distributed processing are available based on object oriented and component oriented concepts having their own advantages and limitations. The main aspect of developing the consistent architectural framework is to reduce the development cost of IT solutions and to integrate the business partners and customers with various capabilities with a clear vision in a easily manageable, quick and reusable fashion. Service Oriented Architecture is architecture, which is independent from any certain technology. The opening section of the paper highlights limitations of current software architectures as well as it focuses on need of Service Oriented Architecture by emphasizing various architectural aspects including role of service. The second section presents the characteristics of Web Services with their advantages. It also shows that how Web Services fulfill the requirement of frequently changing needs of business industries by implementing Service Oriented Architecture. The last section of the paper presents the application of Web Services in implementing Service Oriented Architecture. A prototype example of Web Service is developed to show the efficiency of the proposed approach. Keywords: Service Oriented Architecture, Service, Web Service, and WSDL.

  17. Semantic model-driven development of web service architectures.

    OpenAIRE

    Pahl, Claus

    2008-01-01

    Building service-based architectures has become a major area of interest since the advent of Web services. Modelling these architectures is a central activity. Model-driven development is a recent approach to developing software systems based on the idea of making models the central artefacts for design representation, analysis, and code generation. We propose an ontology-based engineering methodology for semantic model-driven composition and transformation of Web service architectures. On...

  18. Developing a Secure Web Service Architecture for SVG Image Delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Sabah Mohammed; Jinan Fiaidhi; Hamada Ghenniwa; Marshall Hahn

    2006-01-01

    Web Services are substantially growing and become vital for businesses and organizations. A major concern, especially for mission-critical applications is Security. This study focuses on developing Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) as Web services. In particular, we develop a service-oriented architecture that securely manages SVG Web services using the intermediary design pattern. In the proposed architecture we introduced two kinds of specialized security intermediaries to enforce SVG signatur...

  19. Visual Architecture based Web Information Extraction

    OpenAIRE

    S. Oswalt Manoj

    2011-01-01

    The World Wide Web has more online web database which can be searched through their web query interface. Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages. Extracting structured data from deep Web pages is a challenging task due to the underlying complicate structures of such pages. Until now, a large number of techniques have been proposed to address this problem, but all of them have inherent l...

  20. Web Services Integration Strategy with Minimum Hops Constraint in Wireless Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Wen Ouyang; Min-Lang Chen

    2014-01-01

    Both wireless sensor networks and service-oriented architectures (SOA) are very popular distributed computing paradigm. Web service is a widely accepted implementation of SOA. However, web service is based on Internet protocols and requires adaptation to suit the restrictions posed by WSNs. The development of Internet of Things has triggered research of web services of WSNs which made the consolidation of these technologies possible. At the same time, web service integration enables the suppo...

  1. Integrated Web Architecture Based on Web3D, Flex and SSH

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Wenjun

    2010-01-01

    Focusing on the problems occurred in traditional 2D image-word-based web applications, the author put forward con-cept of integrating Web3D, Flex and SSH technologies to create advanced “3D Virtual Reality & RIA” web application architecture, researched mechanisms of their architectures, and implemented their integration and communication & interaction: Flex and Struts2 via XML, Flex and Spring & Hibernate via BlazeDS, Flex and Web3D via JavaScript. The practice has shown that the...

  2. Semantic Web on Scope: A New Architectural Model for the Semantic Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haytham T. Al-Feel

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem Statement: Current web contains billions of documents and has many administrative problems and limitations; in addition to that the web content is still accessible only to humans. The solution to these problems is the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is considered to be the extension for the current web. But there are problems facing the Semantic Web now, such as there is no clear architecture for it, there are four versions created by Tim Berners-Lee, but still up to now there is no agreement for one of these visions nor is there a clear picture for the relation between different layers inside this architecture and the associated technologies. The objectives of this study were to: (i Identify the weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures and (ii Reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses. Approach: This research uses the Qualitative Analysis Approach of Taylor and Renner, presents the four versions of the Semantic Web architecture, describing the function(s and status of each layer and associated technologies, evaluates them using Gerber evaluation method and determines other design principles needed to modify and adapt this architecture as a step toward an agreement for one Semantic Web architecture. Results: The design of a new model for the Semantic Web architecture depends on the idea of previous versions. Conclusion: As a step toward a unified architecture for the Semantic Web, our study of the Semantic Web architecture highlighted some weaknesses that existed in the previous architectures, modify, adapt and reach a new architecture that corrects these weaknesses.

  3. WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Jose Echevarria; Jonathan Ruiz-de-Garibay; Jon Legarda; Maite Álvarez; Ana Ayerbe; Juan Ignacio Vazquez

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based...

  4. Views from the coalface : chemo-sensors, sensor networks and the semantic sensor web

    OpenAIRE

    Hayes, Jer; O'Connor, Edel; Cleary, John; Kolar, H.R.; McCarthy, Robert; Tynan, Richard; O'Hare, G. M. P.; Smeaton, Alan F.; O'Connor, Noel E; Diamond, Dermot

    2009-01-01

    Currently millions of sensors are being deployed in sensor networks across the world. These networks generate vast quantities of heterogeneous data across various levels of spatial and temporal granularity. Sensors range from single-point in situ sensors to remote satellite sensors which can cover the globe. The semantic sensor web in principle should allow for the unification of the web with the real-word. In this position paper, we discuss the major challenges to this unification from the p...

  5. A conceptual architecture for semantic web services development and deployment

    OpenAIRE

    Pahl, Claus

    2005-01-01

    Several extensions of the Web Services Framework (WSF) have been proposed. The combination with Semantic Web technologies introduces a notion of semantics, which can enhance scalability through automation. Service composition to processes is an equally important issue. Ontology technology – the core of the Semantic Web – can be the central building block of an extension endeavour. We present a conceptual architecture for ontology-based Web service development and deployment. The development o...

  6. Developing a Secure Web Service Architecture for SVG Image Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabah Mohammed

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Web Services are substantially growing and become vital for businesses and organizations. A major concern, especially for mission-critical applications is Security. This study focuses on developing Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG as Web services. In particular, we develop a service-oriented architecture that securely manages SVG Web services using the intermediary design pattern. In the proposed architecture we introduced two kinds of specialized security intermediaries to enforce SVG signature/authentication and encryption/decryption. A prototype of the proposed architecture has been implemented based on Apache Axis.

  7. Video Sensor Architecture for Surveillance Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José E. Simó

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a flexible hardware and software architecture for a smart video sensor. This sensor has been applied in a video surveillance application where some of these video sensors are deployed, constituting the sensory nodes of a distributed surveillance system. In this system, a video sensor node processes images locally in order to extract objects of interest, and classify them. The sensor node reports the processing results to other nodes in the cloud (a user or higher level software in the form of an XML description. The hardware architecture of each sensor node has been developed using two DSP processors and an FPGA that controls, in a flexible way, the interconnection among processors and the image data flow. The developed node software is based on pluggable components and runs on a provided execution run-time. Some basic and application-specific software components have been developed, in particular: acquisition, segmentation, labeling, tracking, classification and feature extraction. Preliminary results demonstrate that the system can achieve up to 7.5 frames per second in the worst case, and the true positive rates in the classification of objects are better than 80%.

  8. An Access Control Metamodel for Web Service-Oriented Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Emig, Christian; Brandt, Frank; Abeck, Sebastian; Biermann, Jürgen; Klarl, Heiko

    2008-01-01

    With the mutual consent to use WSDL (Web Service Description Language) to describe web service interfaces and SOAP as the basic communication protocol, the cornerstone for web service-oriented architecture (WSOA) has been established. Considering the momentum observable by the growing number of specifications in the web service domain for the indispensable cross-cutting concern of identity management (IdM) it is still an open issue how a WSOA-aware IdM architecture is built and how it is link...

  9. Wireless Sensor Network Architectures for Different Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Narayan Bal

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Recent technological advances enabled the design andproliferation of wireless sensor networks capable ofautonomously monitoring and controlling environments. Oneof the most promising applications of sensor networks is forhuman health monitoring. The wireless body area networkspromise to revolutionize health monitoring. Within a smartbuilding many sensors and actuators are interconnected to forma control system. Here a web services-based approach tointegrate resource constrained sensor and actuator nodes intoIP-based networks. A key feature of this approach is itscapability for automatic service discovery. IntelligentVehicular Systems (IVSs emerged as a potential candidate forbenefiting from the unique features and capabilities of WSNs.In IVSs, transportation infrastructure is supported with theingenious achievements of computer and informationtechnology to resolve severe situations like traffic congestionand cope with emergency conditions like major accidents.

  10. Visual Architecture based Web Information Extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Oswalt Manoj

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web has more online web database which can be searched through their web query interface. Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages. Extracting structured data from deep Web pages is a challenging task due to the underlying complicate structures of such pages. Until now, a large number of techniques have been proposed to address this problem, but all of them have inherent limitations because they are Web-page-programming-language dependent. As the popular two-dimensional media, the contents on Web pages are always displayed regularly for users to browse. This motivates us to seek a different way for deep Web data extraction to overcome the limitations of previous works by utilizing some interesting common visual features on the deep Web pages. In this paper, a novel vision-based approach that is Web-page programming- language-independent is proposed. This approach primarily utilizes the visual features on the deep Web pages to implement deep Web data extraction, including data record extraction and data item extraction.

  11. SSWAP: A Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol for Semantic Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    SSWAP (Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol) is an architecture, protocol, and platform for using reasoning to semantically integrate heterogeneous disparate data and services on the web. SSWAP is the driving technology behind the Virtual Plant Information Network, an NSF-funded semantic w...

  12. Web Services Security Architectures Composition and Contract Design using RBAC

    OpenAIRE

    D. Shravani; Dr.P.Suresh Varma; Dr.B.Padmaja Rani,; Dr.D.Sravan Kumar,; M.Upendra Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Service Oriented Architecture’s Web Services authorization traditionally is done using common access control models like Role-Based Access Control. In thinking of a composite application that stitches together the capabilities of multiple services, any action in the composite app should ideally check the access control rules of all constituent services before initiating an action. The WebServices Access controls are categorized according to access control granularity and have two approaches: ...

  13. Wireless sensor web for rover planetary exploration

    OpenAIRE

    Medina, A.; Negueruela, C.; Mollinedo, L.; F. Gandia; Barrientos Cruz, Antonio; Rossi, Claudio; Sanz Muñoz, David; Puiatti, Alessandro; Dufour, Jean Francois

    2010-01-01

    Together with the “traditional“ approach, during the last years a new concept of planetary surface exploration has been introduced and investigated by the space community, including the European Space Agency (ESA). The concept consists in deploying a number of sensors communicating among themselves in a wireless networked architecture (WSN). These sensors, altogether, constitute a distributed instrument with the potential of broadening the capabilities of making science on and arou...

  14. A Novel Architecture for Topic Specific Parallel Web Crawler

    OpenAIRE

    Navita; Mahesh,

    2014-01-01

    The World Wide Web is an interlinked collection of billions of web documents. Due to the growing and dynamic nature of the web, it has become a challenge to traverse all URLs in the web documents by a crawler module. So it has become imperative to parallelize a crawling process. The crawler process is further being parallelized in the form ecology of crawler workers that in parallel download information from the web. This paper proposes a novel architecture of parallel crawler, which is based...

  15. DESIGNING DEPENDABLE AGILE LAYERED WEB SERVICES SECURITY ARCHITECTURE SOLUTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    M.Upendra Kumar; Dr.D.Sravan Kumar; Dr. B.PADMAJA RANI; K.Venkateswara Rao

    2011-01-01

    Service Orientation Engineering (SOE) (using Web Services) and Agile modeling software development presents promising solutions for contemporary software development projects to deal effectively withchallenges in increasingly turbulent business environments typified by unpredictable markets, changing customer requirements, pressures of even shorter time to deliver, and rapidly advancing informationtechnologies. Web Services Security Architectures have three layers, as provided by NIST standar...

  16. Inversion of Web Service Invocation using Publish/Subscribe Push-Based Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanisa Numnonda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Among enterprise application integration solutions, Web services technologies are promising technologies to achieve the interoperability in heterogeneous environments. However, traditional Web service invocation may lead to unnecessary network traffic, long response time, and bottleneck problems at service providers. While a publish/subscribe model provides an advantage of prompt notification which can eliminate unnecessary network traffic, its achievement in interoperability is limited. By integrating Web services technologies with a publish/subscribe model, a pull-based architecture and a push-based architecture are mentioned in this paper. The pull-based architecture uses the integrated solution based on traditional Web service invocation, still the bottleneck problems at service providers are likely to occur. Therefore, we propose an alternative, the push-based architecture which presents an innovative approach of using inversion of Web service invocation. Instead of letting service clients invoke services at service providers as usual, the service clients simply wait for updated information from the service providers. Experimental results showed that the response time was significantly minimized and the bottleneck problems at service providers were eliminated in the push-based architecture. Thus, service providers can be very small and thin in ubiquitous computing such as sensor or mobile devices.

  17. A Web Services architecture for UMLS Knowledge Sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirhaji, Parsa; Kunapareddy, Narendra; Michea, Yanko; Srinivasan, Arunkumar

    2005-01-01

    A web service is a collection of industry standards to enable reusability of services and interoperability of heterogeneous applications. The UMLS Knowledge Source (UMLSKS) Server provides remote access to the UMLSKS and related resources. We propose a Web Services Architecture that encapsulates UMLSKS-API and makes it available in distributed and heterogeneous environments. This is the first step towards intelligent and automatic UMLS services discovery and invocation by computer systems in distributed environments such as web. PMID:16779342

  18. Medical Web Interface for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Maciuca

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The current paper proposes a smart web interface designed for monitoring the status of the elderly people. There are four main user types used in the web application: the administrator (who has power access to all the application’s functionalities, the patient (who has access to his own personal data, like parameters history, personal details, relatives of the patient (who have administrable access to the person in care, access that is defined by the patient and the medic (who can view the medical history of the patient and prescribe different medications or interpret the received parameters data. The main purpose of this web application is to receive and analyze received data from body sensors like accelerometers, EKG or GSR sensors, or even ambient sensors like gas detectors, humidity, pressure or temperature sensors. After processing the harvested information, the web application decides if an alert has to be triggered and sends it to a specialized call center (for example, if the patient’s body temperature is over 40 degrees Celsius.

  19. Future Web Growth and its Consequences for Web Search Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Trotman, Andrew; Zhang, Jinglan

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Before embarking on the design of any computer system it is first necessary to assess the magnitude of the problem. In the case of a web search engine this assessment amounts to determining the current size of the web, the growth rate of the web, and the quantity of computing resource necessary to search it, and projecting the historical growth of this into the future. Method: The over 20 year history of the web makes it possible to make short-term projections on future growth. ...

  20. Enabling Context-Aware Web Services Methods, Architectures, and Technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Sheng, Quan Z

    2010-01-01

    With recent advances in radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology, sensor networks, and enhanced Web services, the original World Wide Web is continuing its evolution into what is being called the Web of Things and Services. Such a Web will support an ultimately interactive environment where everyday physical objects such as buildings, sidewalks, and commodities become recognizable, addressable, and even controllable via a mostly ubiquitous Web. This integration of the physical and virtual worlds will fundamentally impact the way we live and in doing so afford tremendous new business op

  1. Designing Dependable Service Oriented Web Services Security Architectures Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Upendra Kumar

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available System Security Architecture from a software engineering viewpoint imposes that strong security must be a guiding principle of the entire software development process. It describes a way to weave security into systems architecture, and it identifies common patterns of implementation found in most security products. The security and software engineering communities must find ways to develop software correctly in a timely and cost-effective fashion. There’s no substitute for working software security as deeply into the evelopment process as possible. System designers and developers must take a more proactive role in building secure software. The root of most security problems is software that fails in unexpected ways whenunder attack. The enforcement of security at the design phase canreduce the cost and effort associated with the introduction of security during implementation. At the architecture level a systemmust be coherent and present unified security architecture that takes into account security principles (such as the least privilege. In this paper we want to discuss about different facets of security as applicable to Service Oriented Architectures (SOA Security Architecture implementations. First we examine the securityrequirements and its solution mechanisms. In the context of WebServices, the predominant SOA implementation standard has a crucial role to play. The Web Services architecture is expected to play a prominent role in developing next generation distributed systems. Building dependable systems based on web services architecture is a major research issue being discussed. Finally, we provide a case study of Web Services Security Architecture, enhancing its security pertaining to Web 2.0 AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML and its Security encryption of data using MD5algorithm.

  2. A Novel Architecture for Topic Specific Parallel Web Crawler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navita

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web is an interlinked collection of billions of web documents. Due to the growing and dynamic nature of the web, it has become a challenge to traverse all URLs in the web documents by a crawler module. So it has become imperative to parallelize a crawling process. The crawler process is further being parallelized in the form ecology of crawler workers that in parallel download information from the web. This paper proposes a novel architecture of parallel crawler, which is based on topic specific crawling, makes crawling task more effective, scalable and load-sharing among the different crawlers which parallel downloading the web pages related to different topics. The proposed crawler will crawl and download the web pages which are related to given topic(s.

  3. Semantic Web on Scope: A New Architectural Model for the Semantic Web

    OpenAIRE

    Haytham T. Al-Feel; Magdy Koutb; Hoda Suoror

    2008-01-01

    Problem Statement: Current web contains billions of documents and has many administrative problems and limitations; in addition to that the web content is still accessible only to humans. The solution to these problems is the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is considered to be the extension for the current web. But there are problems facing the Semantic Web now, such as there is no clear architecture for it, there are four versions created by Tim Berners-Lee, but still up to now there is no ag...

  4. An Open Distributed Architecture for Sensor Networks for Risk Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Denzer

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Sensors provide some of the basic input data for risk management of natural andman-made hazards. Here the word ‘sensors’ covers everything from remote sensingsatellites, providing invaluable images of large regions, through instruments installed on theEarth’s surface to instruments situated in deep boreholes and on the sea floor, providinghighly-detailed point-based information from single sites. Data from such sensors is used inall stages of risk management, from hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment in the preeventphase, information to provide on-site help during the crisis phase through to data toaid in recovery following an event. Because data from sensors play such an important part inimproving understanding of the causes of risk and consequently in its mitigation,considerable investment has been made in the construction and maintenance of highlysophisticatedsensor networks. In spite of the ubiquitous need for information from sensornetworks, the use of such data is hampered in many ways. Firstly, information about thepresence and capabilities of sensor networks operating in a region is difficult to obtain dueto a lack of easily available and usable meta-information. Secondly, once sensor networkshave been identified their data it is often difficult to access due to a lack of interoperability between dissemination and acquisition systems. Thirdly, the transfer and processing ofinformation from sensors is limited, again by incompatibilities between systems. Therefore,the current situation leads to a lack of efficiency and limited use of the available data thathas an important role to play in risk mitigation. In view of this situation, the EuropeanCommission (EC is funding a number of Integrated Projects within the Sixth FrameworkProgramme concerned with improving the accessibility of data and services for riskmanagement. Two of these projects: ‘Open Architecture and Spatial Data Infrastructure forRisk Management’ (ORCHESTRA, http://www.eu-orchestra.org/ and ‘Sensors Anywhere’(SANY, http://sany-ip.eu/ are discussed in this article. These projects have developed anopen distributed information technology architecture and have implemented web servicesfor the accessing and using data emanating, for example, from sensor networks. Thesedevelopments are based on existing data and service standards proposed by internationalorganizations. The projects seek to develop the ideals of the EC directive INSPIRE(http://inspire.jrc.it, which was launched in 2001 and whose implementation began this year(2007, into the risk management domain. Thanks to the open nature of the architecture andservices being developed within these projects, they can be implemented by any interestedparty and can be accessed by all potential users. The architecture is based around a serviceorientedapproach that makes use of Internet-based applications (web services whose inputsand outputs conform to standards. The benefit of this philosophy is that it is expected tofavor the emergence of an operational market for risk management services in Europe, iteliminates the need to replace or radically alter the hundreds of already operational ITsystems in Europe (drastically lowering costs for users, and it allows users and stakeholdersto achieve interoperability while using the system most adequate to their needs, budgets,culture etc. (i.e. it has flexibility.

  5. Sharing human-generated observations by integrating HMI and the Semantic Sensor Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigüenza, Alvaro; Díaz-Pardo, David; Bernat, Jesús; Vancea, Vasile; Blanco, José Luis; Conejero, David; Gómez, Luis Hernández

    2012-01-01

    Current "Internet of Things" concepts point to a future where connected objects gather meaningful information about their environment and share it with other objects and people. In particular, objects embedding Human Machine Interaction (HMI), such as mobile devices and, increasingly, connected vehicles, home appliances, urban interactive infrastructures, etc., may not only be conceived as sources of sensor information, but, through interaction with their users, they can also produce highly valuable context-aware human-generated observations. We believe that the great promise offered by combining and sharing all of the different sources of information available can be realized through the integration of HMI and Semantic Sensor Web technologies. This paper presents a technological framework that harmonizes two of the most influential HMI and Sensor Web initiatives: the W3C's Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces (MMI) and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) with its semantic extension, respectively. Although the proposed framework is general enough to be applied in a variety of connected objects integrating HMI, a particular development is presented for a connected car scenario where drivers' observations about the traffic or their environment are shared across the Semantic Sensor Web. For implementation and evaluation purposes an on-board OSGi (Open Services Gateway Initiative) architecture was built, integrating several available HMI, Sensor Web and Semantic Web technologies. A technical performance test and a conceptual validation of the scenario with potential users are reported, with results suggesting the approach is sound. PMID:22778643

  6. Sharing Human-Generated Observations by Integrating HMI and the Semantic Sensor Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Conejero

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Current “Internet of Things” concepts point to a future where connected objects gather meaningful information about their environment and share it with other objects and people. In particular, objects embedding Human Machine Interaction (HMI, such as mobile devices and, increasingly, connected vehicles, home appliances, urban interactive infrastructures, etc., may not only be conceived as sources of sensor information, but, through interaction with their users, they can also produce highly valuable context-aware human-generated observations. We believe that the great promise offered by combining and sharing all of the different sources of information available can be realized through the integration of HMI and Semantic Sensor Web technologies. This paper presents a technological framework that harmonizes two of the most influential HMI and Sensor Web initiatives: the W3C’s Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces (MMI and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC Sensor Web Enablement (SWE with its semantic extension, respectively. Although the proposed framework is general enough to be applied in a variety of connected objects integrating HMI, a particular development is presented for a connected car scenario where drivers’ observations about the traffic or their environment are shared across the Semantic Sensor Web. For implementation and evaluation purposes an on-board OSGi (Open Services Gateway Initiative architecture was built, integrating several available HMI, Sensor Web and Semantic Web technologies. A technical performance test and a conceptual validation of the scenario with potential users are reported, with results suggesting the approach is sound.

  7. Web Services Security Architectures for Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Shravani #1 , Dr.P.Suresh Varma*2 , Dr.B.Padmaja Rani #3 , K.Venkateswar Rao*4M.Upendra Kumar#5

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the research methodology on Web Services Security Architectures for Secure Service Oriented Analysis and Design. Initially we discuss about the Research Methodology for Designing Dependable Agile Layered Security Architecture Solutions for Web Services Security Architectures. Finally we discuss an implementation case study of ensuring data security architecture on Web Services Cloud

  8. Architecture and Development of DCMP Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bariakhtar, Irina

    2003-03-01

    The multi-tier implementation of DCMP Web site is discussed. It is based upon newly developed PHP technology. The technology allows for creating dynamic content and scalable solutions for Web site capabilities. There are several aspects as to what type of information is to be on the site. First, it should serve the immediate needs of the researchers in the field, namely, conferences, journals, news, funds, etc. This is currently available on the site, but can be extended and improved if needed. Second, the site will reflect the connection between Condensed matter physics and the technological breakthroughs that drive the economy. Third, the site will carry an educational mission helping educate the general public, and on the other hand, help young people to start their careers in the field. The content of the DCMP Web site is under active development. It depends upon wide involvement of DCMP members.

  9. A resource-oriented architecture for a Geospatial Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzetti, Paolo; Nativi, Stefano

    2010-05-01

    In this presentation we discuss some architectural issues on the design of an architecture for a Geospatial Web, that is an information system for sharing geospatial resources according to the Web paradigm. The success of the Web in building a multi-purpose information space, has raised questions about the possibility of adopting the same approach for systems dedicated to the sharing of more specific resources, such as the geospatial information, that is information characterized by spatial/temporal reference. To this aim an investigation on the nature of the Web and on the validity of its paradigm for geospatial resources is required. The Web was born in the early 90's to provide "a shared information space through which people and machines could communicate" [Berners-Lee 1996]. It was originally built around a small set of specifications (e.g. URI, HTTP, HTML, etc.); however, in the last two decades several other technologies and specifications have been introduced in order to extend its capabilities. Most of them (e.g. the SOAP family) actually aimed to transform the Web in a generic Distributed Computing Infrastructure. While these efforts were definitely successful enabling the adoption of service-oriented approaches for machine-to-machine interactions supporting complex business processes (e.g. for e-Government and e-Business applications), they do not fit in the original concept of the Web. In the year 2000, R. T. Fielding, one of the designers of the original Web specifications, proposes a new architectural style for distributed systems, called REST (Representational State Transfer), aiming to capture the fundamental characteristics of the Web as it was originally conceived [Fielding 2000]. In this view, the nature of the Web lies not so much in the technologies, as in the way they are used. Maintaining the Web architecture conform to the REST style would then assure the scalability, extensibility and low entry barrier of the original Web. On the contrary, systems using the same Web technologies and specifications but according to a different architectural style, despite their usefulness, should not be considered part of the Web. If the REST style captures the significant Web characteristics, then, in order to build a Geospatial Web it is necessary that its architecture satisfies all the REST constraints. One of them is of particular importance: the adoption of a Uniform Interface. It prescribes that all the geospatial resources must be accessed through the same interface; moreover according to the REST style this interface must satisfy four further constraints: a) identification of resources; b) manipulation of resources through representations; c) self-descriptive messages; and, d) hypermedia as the engine of application state. In the Web, the uniform interface provides basic operations which are meaningful for generic resources. They typically implement the CRUD pattern (Create-Retrieve-Update-Delete) which demonstrated to be flexible and powerful in several general-purpose contexts (e.g. filesystem management, SQL for database management systems, etc.). Restricting the scope to a subset of resources it would be possible to identify other generic actions which are meaningful for all of them. For example for geospatial resources, subsetting, resampling, interpolation and coordinate reference systems transformations functionalities are candidate functionalities for a uniform interface. However an investigation is needed to clarify the semantics of those actions for different resources, and consequently if they can really ascend the role of generic interface operation. Concerning the point a), (identification of resources), it is required that every resource addressable in the Geospatial Web has its own identifier (e.g. a URI). This allows to implement citation and re-use of resources, simply providing the URI. OPeNDAP and KVP encodings of OGC data access services specifications might provide a basis for it. Concerning point b) (manipulation of resources through representations), the Geospatial Web pose

  10. A web-based architecture for a medical vocabulary server.

    OpenAIRE

    Gennari, J. H.; Oliver, D E; Pratt, W.; Rice, J.; Musen, M. A.

    1995-01-01

    For health care providers to share computing resources and medical application programs across different sites, those applications must share a common medical vocabulary. To construct a common vocabulary, researchers must have an architecture that supports collaborative, networked development. In this paper, we present a web-based server architecture for the collaborative development of a medical vocabulary: a system that provides network services in support of medical applications that need ...

  11. A Web Services Architecture for UMLS Knowledge Sources

    OpenAIRE

    Mirhaji, Parsa; Kunapareddy, Narendra; Michea, Yanko; Srinivasan, Arunkumar

    2005-01-01

    A web service is a collection of industry standards to enable reusability of services and interoperability of heterogeneous applications. The UMLS Knowledge Source (UMLSKS) Server provides remote access to the UMLSKS and related resources. We propose a Web Services Architecture that encapsulates UMLSKS-API and makes it available in distributed and heterogeneous environments. This is the first step towards intelligent and automatic UMLS services discovery and invocation by compu...

  12. Electrochemical Biosensors - Sensor Principles and Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Reimhult

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Quantification of biological or biochemical processes are of utmost importancefor medical, biological and biotechnological applications. However, converting the biologicalinformation to an easily processed electronic signal is challenging due to the complexity ofconnecting an electronic device directly to a biological environment. Electrochemical biosensorsprovide an attractive means to analyze the content of a biological sample due to thedirect conversion of a biological event to an electronic signal. Over the past decades severalsensing concepts and related devices have been developed. In this review, the most commontraditional techniques, such as cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, chronopotentiometry,impedance spectroscopy, and various field-effect transistor based methods are presented alongwith selected promising novel approaches, such as nanowire or magnetic nanoparticle-basedbiosensing. Additional measurement techniques, which have been shown useful in combinationwith electrochemical detection, are also summarized, such as the electrochemical versionsof surface plasmon resonance, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, ellipsometry,quartz crystal microbalance, and scanning probe microscopy.The signal transduction and the general performance of electrochemical sensors are often determinedby the surface architectures that connect the sensing element to the biological sampleat the nanometer scale. The most common surface modification techniques, the various electrochemicaltransduction mechanisms, and the choice of the recognition receptor moleculesall influence the ultimate sensitivity of the sensor. New nanotechnology-based approaches,such as the use of engineered ion-channels in lipid bilayers, the encapsulation of enzymesinto vesicles, polymersomes, or polyelectrolyte capsules provide additional possibilities forsignal amplification.In particular, this review highlights the importance of the precise control over the delicateinterplay between surface nano-architectures, surface functionalization and the chosen sensortransducer principle, as well as the usefulness of complementary characterization tools tointerpret and to optimize the sensor response.

  13. A Hybrid Architecture for Implementing Efficient Geospatial Web Services: Integrating .Net Remoting and Web Services Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Pouria Amirian; Ali Alesheikh

    2008-01-01

    Open GIS Consortium (OGC) Geospatial Web services have been introduced to overcome spatial non-interoperability problem associated with most geospatial processing systems. Although OGC geospatial Web services provide interoperability among heterogeneous geospatial processing systems, in some cases they can not provide required performance and efficiency. This study proposes a hybrid architecture which can efficiently provide interoperability and high performance for transferring geospatial da...

  14. A Multi-Agent Framework Manages a Representative Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suri, D.; Schmidt, D.; Biswas, G.; Kinnebrew, J.; Otte, W.; Shankaran, N.

    2008-12-01

    NASA's vision of a Sensor Web (which includes a distributed global observation system) consists of a large number of elements, such as remote spacecraft hosting multiple instruments, in situ terrestrial and oceanic sensor networks, and airborne assets. Researchers and developers of a Sensor web face a number of challenges that arise from (1) the inherent heterogeneous and geographical distributed nature of the Sensor web; (2) the myriad mission goals and objectives that must be satisfied by the Sensor web, ranging from an improved understanding of earth science, weather forecasting, and disaster management to an alleviation of societal problems; and (3) the need to support myriad operational modes, such as long and short-term monitoring and targeted observations. Resolving these challenges requires some form of autonomy - typically embodied in software. Agent technology has emerged both as a salient purveyor of entities that exhibit autonomous behavior and also as a paradigm for constructing complex software systems with a large number of interacting heterogeneous components. This paper describes our experiences integrating the Multi-agent Architecture for Coordinated Responsive Observations (MACRO) into the SouthEast Alaska MOnitoring Network for Science, Telecommunications, Education, and Research (SEAMONSTER). MACRO provides agents at (1) the mission level, where agents interact with users to define science goals and then translate these goals into a set of prioritized tasks that have to be executed to achieve these goals, and (2) the resource level, where agents translate tasks into activities related to data collection, data analysis, and data communication. As a representative small-scale sensor web situated in multiple locations on the Juneau Icefield, SEAMONSTER affords an unparalleled opportunity to develop, mature, and showcase MACRO's multi-level agent capabilities. MACRO is developed by the Lockheed Martin Space System Company's Advanced Technology Center (ATC), and the Institute for Software Integrated Systems (ISIS), Vanderbilt University. SEAMONSTER is developed at the University of Alaska Southeast. Both projects are recipients of funding from the NASA Earth Science Technology Office's (ESTO) Advanced Information Systems Technology (AIST) program.

  15. Intelligent web data management software architectures and emerging technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Kun; Yang, Bo; Sun, Runyuan

    2016-01-01

    This book presents some of the emerging techniques and technologies used to handle Web data management. Authors present novel software architectures and emerging technologies and then validate using experimental data and real world applications. The contents of this book are focused on four popular thematic categories of intelligent Web data management: cloud computing, social networking, monitoring and literature management. The Volume will be a valuable reference to researchers, students and practitioners in the field of Web data management, cloud computing, social networks using advanced intelligence tools.

  16. Architecture-Based Reliability Analysis of Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmani, Cobra Mariam

    2012-01-01

    In a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), the hierarchical complexity of Web Services (WS) and their interactions with the underlying Application Server (AS) create new challenges in providing a realistic estimate of WS performance and reliability. The current approaches often treat the entire WS environment as a black-box. Thus, the sensitivity…

  17. Designing a School's Web Site Using Information Architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazquez, Gustavo; Victor, Stephen P.

    This paper is a case study of Longfellow Elementary, a K-8 school in San Diego (California) that is using the concepts of information architecture to develop its Web site. The site is intended to be a virtual meeting place for all of the school's constituents: parents, teachers, students, and the community at large. The site is a dynamic, ongoing…

  18. A web based remote visualization architecture for big neuroimaging data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao-Chun Chuang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As recent neuroimaging research indicates, 3D visualization is helpful for understanding complex neuron structure. It also can help scientists share their visualization neuroimaging data and make their representation easier to understand [1][2]. In most cases, scientists downloaded these big neuroimaging data and then visualized on a local desktop environments with 3D visualization tools. However, in recent years, higher resolution datasets in the neuroimaging research continue massive growth with higher experimental resolving power. It becomes inconvenient to download these big neuroimaging data without enough network bandwidth and difficult to display these images in user client without enough computer resources. Thus, we demo a web-based remote visualization architecture for these big neuroimaging data, and take FlyCircuit 3D viewer as an example. FlyCircuit 3D viewer uses advanced 3-layer web technologies, web server (WebSockets, Canvas, visualization server (VNC and VirtualGL and user client (HTML5 for interactive online 3D surface, skeleton and volumetric neuroimaging data in any web browser environments without requiring any browser plugin[2][3][4][5]. The first layer, web server communicates with the second layer visualization server by WebSockets and Canvas. Then third layer user client can view 3D neuroimaging data from web page constructed by HTML5. Thus, with powerful visualization server, users can easily interactive the 3D visualization neuron imaging by web browser in a lightweight computer resource. Finally, this visualization architecture can handle massive 3D neuronal image data collected in experiments from different research groups as well as manage bio-images with deeper neurological insight.

  19. On-Board Mining in the Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, S.; Conover, H.; Graves, S.; Ramachandran, R.; Rushing, J.

    2004-12-01

    On-board data mining can contribute to many research and engineering applications, including natural hazard detection and prediction, intelligent sensor control, and the generation of customized data products for direct distribution to users. The ability to mine sensor data in real time can also be a critical component of autonomous operations, supporting deep space missions, unmanned aerial and ground-based vehicles (UAVs, UGVs), and a wide range of sensor meshes, webs and grids. On-board processing is expected to play a significant role in the next generation of NASA, Homeland Security, Department of Defense and civilian programs, providing for greater flexibility and versatility in measurements of physical systems. In addition, the use of UAV and UGV systems is increasing in military, emergency response and industrial applications. As research into the autonomy of these vehicles progresses, especially in fleet or web configurations, the applicability of on-board data mining is expected to increase significantly. Data mining in real time on board sensor platforms presents unique challenges. Most notably, the data to be mined is a continuous stream, rather than a fixed store such as a database. This means that the data mining algorithms must be modified to make only a single pass through the data. In addition, the on-board environment requires real time processing with limited computing resources, thus the algorithms must use fixed and relatively small amounts of processing time and memory. The University of Alabama in Huntsville is developing an innovative processing framework for the on-board data and information environment. The Environment for On-Board Processing (EVE) and the Adaptive On-board Data Processing (AODP) projects serve as proofs-of-concept of advanced information systems for remote sensing platforms. The EVE real-time processing infrastructure will upload, schedule and control the execution of processing plans on board remote sensors. These plans provide capabilities for autonomous data mining, classification and feature extraction using both streaming and buffered data sources. A ground-based testbed provides a heterogeneous, embedded hardware and software environment representing both space-based and ground-based sensor platforms, including wireless sensor mesh architectures. The AODP project explores the EVE concepts in the world of sensor-networks, including ad-hoc networks of small sensor platforms.

  20. A Hybrid Web Browser Architecture for Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHO, J.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Web browsing on mobile networks is slow in comparison to wired or Wi-Fi networks. Particularly, the connection establishment phase including DNS lookups and TCP handshakes takes a long time on mobile networks due to its long round-trip latency. In this paper, we propose a novel web browser architecture that aims to improve mobile web browsing performance. Our approach delegates the connection establishment and HTTP header field delivery tasks to a dedicated proxy server located at the joint point between the WAN and mobile network. Since the traffic for the connection establishment and HTTP header fields delivery passes only through the WAN between the proxy and web servers, our approach significantly reduces both the number and size of packets on the mobile network. Our evaluation showed that the proposed scheme reduces the number of mobile network packets by up to 42% and, consequently, the average page loading time is shortened by up to 52%.

  1. Scaleable wireless web-enabled sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Christopher P.; Hamel, Michael J.; Sonntag, Peter A.; Trutor, B.; Arms, Steven W.

    2002-06-01

    Our goal was to develop a long life, low cost, scalable wireless sensing network, which collects and distributes data from a wide variety of sensors over the internet. Time division multiple access was employed with RF transmitter nodes (each w/unique16 bit address) to communicate digital data to a single receiver (range 1/3 mile). One thousand five channel nodes can communicate to one receiver (30 minute update). Current draw (sleep) is 20 microamps, allowing 5 year battery life w/one 3.6 volt Li-Ion AA size battery. The network nodes include sensor excitation (AC or DC), multiplexer, instrumentation amplifier, 16 bit A/D converter, microprocessor, and RF link. They are compatible with thermocouples, strain gauges, load/torque transducers, inductive/capacitive sensors. The receiver (418 MHz) includes a single board computer (SBC) with Ethernet capability, internet file transfer protocols (XML/HTML), and data storage. The receiver detects data from specific nodes, performs error checking, records the data. The web server interrogates the SBC (from Microsoft's Internet Explorer or Netscape's Navigator) to distribute data. This system can collect data from thousands of remote sensors on a smart structure, and be shared by an unlimited number of users.

  2. DE LAS REDES INALÁMBRICAS DE GEOSENSORES A LA WEB DE SENSORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Inés Báez Pérez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN En el presente artículo se realiza una breve descripción del estado del arte de las redes inalámbricas de geosensores, hasta la Web de sensores, y los servicios de notificación y registro que el Consorcio Abierto Geoespacial (Open Geospatial Consortium, OGC ha definido para la implementación de dichos servicios. Se parte de una concepción de la redes inalámbricas, luego se va a las redes inalámbricas de geosensores, la aplicación de estas en la parte ambiental, así como una descripción de Sensor Web enablement, la computación grid, las arquitecturas orientadas a servicios (Service Oriented Architecture, SOA, y como estos conceptos convergen en la Web de sensores, y específicamente se habla de dos servicios: notificación y registro. ABSTRACT It comes true with present article one brief description of the status of the art of the wireless nets of geosensors, to the Web of sensors, and then little serviceof notification and record that the OGC has defined for the implementation of the aforementioned services.It is started with a wireless network conception and then goes to geosensors wireless networks, the application of these in the environmental part, as well as Sensor Web enablement, grid computing, SOA, and as these concepts converge in the sensor Web, and specifically it talk about two services: Notification and registry.

  3. Resource-oriented architecture patterns for webs of data

    CERN Document Server

    Sletten, Brian

    2013-01-01

    The surge of interest in the REpresentational State Transfer (REST) architectural style, the Semantic Web, and Linked Data has resulted in the development of innovative, flexible, and powerful systems that embrace one or more of these compatible technologies. However, most developers, architects, Information Technology managers, and platform owners have only been exposed to the basics of resource-oriented architectures. This book is an attempt to catalog and elucidate several reusable solutions that have been seen in the wild in the now increasingly familiar ""patterns book"" style. These are

  4. A Web-based Architecture Enabling Multichannel Telemedicine Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Lamberti

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Telemedicine scenarios include today in-hospital care management, remote teleconsulting, collaborative diagnosis and emergency situations handling. Different types of information need to be accessed by means of etherogeneous client devices in different communication environments in order to enable high quality continuous sanitary assistance delivery wherever and whenever needed. In this paper, a Web-based telemedicine architecture based on Java, XML and XSL technologies is presented. By providing dynamic content delivery services and Java based client applications for medical data consultation and modification, the system enables effective access to an Electronic Patient Record based standard database by means of any device equipped with a Web browser, such as traditional Personal Computers and workstation as well as modern Personal Digital Assistants. The effectiveness of the proposed architecture has been evaluated in different scenarios, experiencing fixed and mobile clinical data transmissions over Local Area Networks, wireless LANs and wide coverage telecommunication network including GSM and GPRS.

  5. Simple environmental sensor webs for classroom inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatland, D. R.

    2007-12-01

    This paper describes a platform for inquiry-driven learning in environmental science at the secondary and undergraduate levels including preliminary results from two pilot sensor web-driven projects, in progress. The work presented here emphasizes - Documenting construction and use of the platform - Analysis of results over technology used - Open-ended iteration of the inquiry process Cognitive theory suggests that pedagogical modes of 'information-transfer' fall short as a means of building (arguably useful) problem solving and critical thinking skills in comparison with inquiry-driven modes. In view of limited classroom time and constraints such as standardized testing, sensor web-driven environmental inquiry faces a two-fold challenge: Minimize time-intrusion into the curriculum and make that time highly productive and valuable for students. The technology employed here is a wireless microcomputer network ruggedized for outdoor use, interfaces to simple environmental sensors, supplemental data from a low-cost meteorological station, and data recovery and analysis by means of a laptop PC. Target cost of the system (not including the PC) is 2000USD. The baseline study subject is watershed hydrology, with a corollary aim of "identifiying the doorways" into related subjects and story lines. The general plan of action proceeds in these steps: - Build and test the system - Students work with the system in the classroom - Students formulate a deployment plan - Instruments deployed, data acquired and formatted - Student analysis, hypothesis generation, research - Reiterate the previous three steps as possible Once this platform/program is established the idea is to expand to include personalized reflection and self- expression per the curriculum established by the River of Words non-profit organization. The second expansion idea is (per the eScience model) to facilitate Internet-based exchanges and equipment sharing with students located in other geographical regions and countries.

  6. Web-based Context-Aware m-Learning Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Rachid Benlamri; Jamal Zemerly; Jawad Berri; Eisa Basaeed

    2007-01-01

    Context awareness is essential in mobile learning being a highly personalized environment with diverse capabilities. Major challenges of context awareness are to define the learning context, how to sense it, and how to react to changes. Our proposed system provides a general architecture that facilitates contextualization using current widely-used web standards. It provides a systematic approach to achieve contextualization defining major components and their functionalities without deepening...

  7. Advances in Sensor Webs for NASA Earth Science Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, R.; Moe, K.; Smith, S.; Prescott, G.

    2007-12-01

    The world is slowly evolving into a web of interconnected sensors. Innovations such as camera phones that upload directly to the internet, networked devices with built-in GPS chips, traffic sensors, and the wireless networks that connect these devices are transforming our society. Similar advances are occurring in science sensors at NASA. NASA developed autonomy software has demonstrated the potential for space missions to use onboard decision-making to detect, analyze, and respond to science events. This software has also enabled NASA satellites to coordinate with other satellites and ground sensors to form an autonomous sensor web. A vision for NASA sensor webs for Earth science is to enable "on-demand sensing of a broad array of environmental and ecological phenomena across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales, from a heterogeneous suite of sensors both in-situ and in orbit." Several technologies for improved autonomous science and sensor webs are being developed at NASA. Each of these technologies advances the state of the art in sensorwebs in different areas including enabling model interactions with sensorwebs, smart autonomous sensors, and sensorweb communications. Enabling model interactions in sensor webs is focused on the creation and management of new sensor web enabled information products. Specifically, the format of these data products and the sensor webs that use them must be standardized so that sensor web components can more easily communicate with each other. This standardization will allow new components such as models and simulations to be included within sensor webs. Smart sensing implies sophistication in the sensors themselves. The goal of smart sensing is to enable autonomous event detection and reconfiguration. This may include onboard processing, self-healing sensors, and self-identifying sensors. The goal of communication enhancements, especially session layer management, is to support dialog control for autonomous operations involving sensors and data processing and/or modeling entities. These technologies may include antenna for tracking dynamic sensors, autonomous networks and protocols that can distribute data communication tasks among the sensors and control the flow of data, transmission schemes that optimize bandwidth use, and distributed data storage devices. Demonstration of these sensorweb capabilities will enable fast responding science campaigns of both spaceborne and ground assets. These sensor webs will be operated directly by scientists using science goals to control their instruments.

  8. Web Service Architecture for a Meta Search Engine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Srinivas

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid advancements in Information Technology, Information Retrieval on Internet is gaining its importance day by day. Nowadays there are millions of Websites and billions of homepages available on the Internet. Search Engines are the essential tools for the purpose of retrieving the required information from the Web. But the existing search engines have many problems such as not having wide scope, imbalance in accessing the sites etc. So, the effectiveness of a search engine plays a vital role. Meta search engines are such systems that can provide effective information by accessing multiple existing search engines such as Dog Pile, Meta Crawler etc, but most of them cannot successfully operate on heterogeneous and fully dynamic web environment. In this paper we propose a Web Service Architecture for Meta Search Engine to cater the need of heterogeneous and dynamic web environment. The objective of our proposal is to exploit most of the features offered by Web Services through the implementation of a Web Service Meta Search Engine.

  9. Technology System Architecture for Web–Based Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Canales–Cruz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a new architecture for development of Web–Based Education systems is presented. The se systems are centered in the learner and adapted to their personals needs in intelligent form. The architecture is based on the IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology System Architecture specification and it assembles to software development and instructional design patterns. On the one hand, the software development pattern is supported under a Multi–Agents System, it employs the methods and technical of the Domain Engineering for development of IRLCOO (Intelligent Reusable Learning Components Object Oriented. IRLCOO are a special type of Sharable Content Object according to SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model. On the other hand, the instructional design pattern incorporates a mental model as the Conceptual Maps to transmit, build and generate appropriate knowledge to this educational environment type.

  10. SOA based Data Architecture for HTML5 Web Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin STRIMBEI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Web Services based architectures have already been established as the preferred way to integrate SOA specific components, from the front-end to the back-end business services. One of the key elements of such architecture are data-based or entity services. In this context, SDO standard and SDO related technologies have been confirmed as a possible approach to aggregate such enterprise-wide federation of data services, mainly backed by database servers, but not limited to them. In the followings, we will discuss an architectural purpose based on SDO approach to seamlessly integrate presentation and data services within an enterprise SOA context. This way we will outline the benefits of a common end-to-end data integration strategy. Also, we will try to argue that using HTML5 based clients as front end services in conjunction with SDO data services could be an effective strategy to adopt the mobile computing in the enterprise context.

  11. A web-based modular framework for real-time monitoring of large scale sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, R. L.; Lindquist, K. G.; Vernon, F. L.

    2007-12-01

    The Antelope Real Time System (ARTS) is an integrated combination of protocols, acquisition systems and applications designed for real-time data collection and analysis from an array of deployed field sensors. Historically these were seismic sensors, however the open architecture of the ARTS facilitated development of acquisition protocols for a diverse group of sensors, including data streams from hf radar, meteorological instrumentation and cameras. In parallel with the expansion of data-type ingestion, a web-based interface to the ARTS was developed in PHP, a popular HTML embedded scripting language. The application-driven development of web-based software to Antelope-stored data has risen exponentially over the last four years, from simple database interactions to web-based AJAX applications similar in look and feel to desktop software. As the web-based applications have grown in complexity, the architecture around their development has matured into an extensible framework with "plug'n'play" capabilities. Their modular design has allowed multiple institutions to deploy the same web-based applications, tailored for their specific requirements. Examples include the NSF Earthscope USArray Transportable Array, ROADNet's Realtime Imagebank, the broadband seismic network monitoring of the University of Nevada Reno and University of California San Diego, and monitoring of the downhole arrays maintained by the University of California Santa Barbara. The success of these deployments suggest that such a framework could be applicable to other large scale sensor networks, including the developing Ocean Observatories project.

  12. An architecture for "Web Of Things" using SOCKS protocol based IPv6/IPv4 gatewaying for heterogeneous communication

    OpenAIRE

    Patnaikuni, P. Shrinivasan. R.; Kulkarni, Raj. B.

    2011-01-01

    "Web Of Things" evolved from "Internet Of Things". Lot of research has been done in designing architecture for "Web Of Things". Two main architectures are Smart gateway based architecture and embedded Web Server based architecture. These architectures address some of the basic and essential issues relating to Service Oriented Architecture for "Web Of Things". Taking into consideration the period of coexistence of IPv4 and IPv6 we propose an architecture using SOCKS protocol ...

  13. A Sensor Web-Enabled Infrastructure for Precision Farming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakob Geipel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of sensor technologies is standard practice in the domain of precision farming. The variety of vendor-specific sensor systems, control units and processing software has led to increasing efforts in establishing interoperable sensor networks and standardized sensor data infrastructures. This study utilizes open source software and adapts the standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium to introduce a method for the realization of a sensor data infrastructure for precision farming applications. The infrastructure covers the control of sensor systems, the access to sensor data, the transmission of sensor data to web services and the standardized storage of sensor data in a sensor web-enabled server. It permits end users and computer systems to access the sensor data in a well-defined way and to build applications on top of the sensor web services. The infrastructure is scalable to large scenarios, where a multitude of sensor systems and sensor web services are involved. A real-world field trial was set-up to prove the applicability of the infrastructure.

  14. Web Services Security Architectures Composition and Contract Design using RBAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Shravani

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Service Oriented Architecture’s Web Services authorization traditionally is done using common access control models like Role-Based Access Control. In thinking of a composite application that stitches together the capabilities of multiple services, any action in the composite app should ideally check the access control rules of all constituent services before initiating an action. The WebServices Access controls are categorized according to access control granularity and have two approaches: The first approach supports a negotiation-based attribute-based access control to Web Services with fine access granularity. The second approach is tailored to access control for conversation-based Web services and composite services;where in a Web Service is not considered as a set of independent operations and therefore access control must take such dependencies into account. During a Web Services invocation, a client interacts with the service, performing a sequence of operations in a particular order called conversation. In this paper, we want to propose strategies for analyzing and managing Role Based Access Control policies for designing Security Architectures for web services. Wevalidate role-based access control with a case study, where in access decisions are based on the roles that individual users have as part of an organization. Users take on assigned roles. The process of defining roles should be based on a thorough analysis of how an organization operates and should include input from a wide spectrum of users in an organization. Access rights are grouped by role name, and the use of resources is restricted to individuals authorized toassume the associated role. For example, within a hospital system the role of doctor can include operations to perform diagnosis, prescribe medication, and order laboratory tests; and the role of researcher can be limited to gathering anonymous clinical information for studies. The use of roles to control access can be an effective means for developing and enforcing enterprise-specific security policies, and for streamlining the security management process. Under theRBAC framework, users are granted membership into roles based on their competencies and responsibilities in the organization. The operations that a user is permitted to perform are based on the user's role.

  15. A reference web architecture and patterns for real-time visual analytics on large streaming data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandogan, Eser; Soroker, Danny; Rohall, Steven; Bak, Peter; van Ham, Frank; Lu, Jie; Ship, Harold-Jeffrey; Wang, Chun-Fu; Lai, Jennifer

    2013-12-01

    Monitoring and analysis of streaming data, such as social media, sensors, and news feeds, has become increasingly important for business and government. The volume and velocity of incoming data are key challenges. To effectively support monitoring and analysis, statistical and visual analytics techniques need to be seamlessly integrated; analytic techniques for a variety of data types (e.g., text, numerical) and scope (e.g., incremental, rolling-window, global) must be properly accommodated; interaction, collaboration, and coordination among several visualizations must be supported in an efficient manner; and the system should support the use of different analytics techniques in a pluggable manner. Especially in web-based environments, these requirements pose restrictions on the basic visual analytics architecture for streaming data. In this paper we report on our experience of building a reference web architecture for real-time visual analytics of streaming data, identify and discuss architectural patterns that address these challenges, and report on applying the reference architecture for real-time Twitter monitoring and analysis.

  16. Architecture for large-scale automatic web accessibility evaluation based on the UWEM methodology

    OpenAIRE

    Ulltveit-Moe, Nils; Olsen, Morten Goodwin; Pillai, Anand B.; Thomsen, Christian; Gjøsæter, Terje; Snaprud, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    The European Internet Accessibility project (EIAO) has developed an Observatory for performing large scale automatic web accessibility evaluations of public sector web sites in Europe. The architecture includes a distributed web crawler that crawls web sites for links until either a given budget of web pages have been identified or the web site has been crawled exhaustively. Subsequently, a uniform random subset of the crawled web pages is sampled and sent for accessibility evaluation and the...

  17. Enhanced Architecture of a Web Warehouse based on Quality Evaluation Framework to Incorporate Quality Aspects in Web Warehouse Creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umm-e-Mariya Shah

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the recent years, it has been observed that World Wide Web (www became a vast source of information explosion about all areas of interest. Relevant information retrieval is difficult from the web space as there is no universal configuration and organization of the web data. Taking the advantage of data warehouse functionality and integrating it with the web to retrieve relevant data is the core concept of web warehouse. It is a repository that store relevant web data for business decision making. The basic function of web warehouse is to collect and store the information for analysis of users. The quality of web warehouse data affects a lot on data analysis. To enhance the quality of decision making different quality dimensions must be incorporated in web warehouse architecture. In this paper enhanced web warehouse architecture is proposed and discussed. The enhancement in the existing architecture is based on the quality evaluation framework. The enhanced architecture adds three layers in existing architecture to insure quality at various phases of web warehouse system creation. The source assessment, query evaluation and data quality layers enhance the quality of data store in web warehouse.

  18. Lessons Learned from Web-Enhanced Teaching in Landscape Architecture Studios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming-Han

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to summarize lessons learned from implementing web-enhanced teaching in landscape architecture studio courses. The lessons are documented as challenges and opportunities based on a two-year assessment study of web-enhanced landscape architecture construction studios. This article will help landscape architecture…

  19. A generic architecture for web applications to support threat analysis of infrastructural components

    OpenAIRE

    Desmet, Lieven; Jacobs, Bart; Piessens, Frank; Joosen, Wouter

    2005-01-01

    In order to perform a useful threat analysis of a web application platform, some architectural assumptions about such applications must be made. This document describes a generic architecture for typical 3-tier web applications. It serves as the basis for analyzing the threats in the most important infrastructural components in that architecture, presented in the following papers.

  20. SSWAP: A Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol for semantic web services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Town Christopher D

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background SSWAP (Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol; pronounced "swap" is an architecture, protocol, and platform for using reasoning to semantically integrate heterogeneous disparate data and services on the web. SSWAP was developed as a hybrid semantic web services technology to overcome limitations found in both pure web service technologies and pure semantic web technologies. Results There are currently over 2400 resources published in SSWAP. Approximately two dozen are custom-written services for QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci and mapping data for legumes and grasses (grains. The remaining are wrappers to Nucleic Acids Research Database and Web Server entries. As an architecture, SSWAP establishes how clients (users of data, services, and ontologies, providers (suppliers of data, services, and ontologies, and discovery servers (semantic search engines interact to allow for the description, querying, discovery, invocation, and response of semantic web services. As a protocol, SSWAP provides the vocabulary and semantics to allow clients, providers, and discovery servers to engage in semantic web services. The protocol is based on the W3C-sanctioned first-order description logic language OWL DL. As an open source platform, a discovery server running at http://sswap.info (as in to "swap info" uses the description logic reasoner Pellet to integrate semantic resources. The platform hosts an interactive guide to the protocol at http://sswap.info/protocol.jsp, developer tools at http://sswap.info/developer.jsp, and a portal to third-party ontologies at http://sswapmeet.sswap.info (a "swap meet". Conclusion SSWAP addresses the three basic requirements of a semantic web services architecture (i.e., a common syntax, shared semantic, and semantic discovery while addressing three technology limitations common in distributed service systems: i.e., i the fatal mutability of traditional interfaces, ii the rigidity and fragility of static subsumption hierarchies, and iii the confounding of content, structure, and presentation. SSWAP is novel by establishing the concept of a canonical yet mutable OWL DL graph that allows data and service providers to describe their resources, to allow discovery servers to offer semantically rich search engines, to allow clients to discover and invoke those resources, and to allow providers to respond with semantically tagged data. SSWAP allows for a mix-and-match of terms from both new and legacy third-party ontologies in these graphs.

  1. Wireless sensor networks architectures and protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Callaway, Jr, Edgar H

    2003-01-01

    Introduction to Wireless Sensor NetworksApplications and MotivationNetwork Performance ObjectivesContributions of this BookOrganization of this BookThe Development of Wireless Sensor NetworksEarly Wireless NetworksWireless Data NetworksWireless Sensor and Related NetworksConclusionThe Physical LayerSome Physical Layer ExamplesA Practical Physical Layer for Wireless Sensor NetworksSimulations and ResultsConclusionThe Data Link LayerMedium Access Control TechniquesThe Mediation DeviceSystem Analysis and SimulationConclusionThe Network LayerSome Network Design ExamplesA Wireless Sensor Network De

  2. Collaborative Learning under an Adaptive Web-based Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.C. Chiang

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In any one class, there are differences between student`s abilities, interests, achievements, preferences and learning behaviors. Some need a challenging class, promoting their level. Some of them want to keep to the working routine. Others need to be taught very slowly. This situation is particularly notable in mathematics instruction. Many teachers feel frustrated because they want to provide for all student`s needs and abilities but are constrained by time and space. In this study, we propose an adaptive web-based learning architecture, based on a collaborative model and a tutor model, to help solve the problem. Students can learn at their own pace, constructing knowledge by collaborative learning and using tutor assistance to solve their problems immediately. The research on our learning architecture was conducted with fourth grade primary school students learning fractional operation.

  3. Web-based Context-Aware m-Learning Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachid Benlamri

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Context awareness is essential in mobile learning being a highly personalized environment with diverse capabilities. Major challenges of context awareness are to define the learning context, how to sense it, and how to react to changes. Our proposed system provides a general architecture that facilitates contextualization using current widely-used web standards. It provides a systematic approach to achieve contextualization defining major components and their functionalities without deepening into details. It uses web services to connect to resources making them reusable and distributable. In addition, all technologies and platforms proposed in our system are available under General Public License (GPL hence facilitating immediate implementation. The paper ends with a real world scenario where m-Learning could be the only solution.

  4. Web based aphasia test using service oriented architecture (SOA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on an aphasia test for Spanish speakers which analyze the patient's basic resources of verbal communication, a web-enabled software was developed to automate its execution. A clinical database was designed as a complement, in order to evaluate the antecedents (risk factors, pharmacological and medical backgrounds, neurological or psychiatric symptoms, brain injury -anatomical and physiological characteristics, etc) which are necessary to carry out a multi-factor statistical analysis in different samples of patients. The automated test was developed following service oriented architecture and implemented in a web site which contains a tests suite, which would allow both integrating the aphasia test with other neuropsychological instruments and increasing the available site information for scientific research. The test design, the database and the study of its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and objectivity) were made in conjunction with neuropsychological researchers, who participate actively in the software design, based on the patients or other subjects of investigation feedback

  5. Web based aphasia test using service oriented architecture (SOA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voos, J A [Clinical Engineering R and D Center, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Facultad Regional Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina); Vigliecca, N S [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, CONICET, Cordoba (Argentina); Gonzalez, E A [Clinical Engineering R and D Center, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Facultad Regional Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina)

    2007-11-15

    Based on an aphasia test for Spanish speakers which analyze the patient's basic resources of verbal communication, a web-enabled software was developed to automate its execution. A clinical database was designed as a complement, in order to evaluate the antecedents (risk factors, pharmacological and medical backgrounds, neurological or psychiatric symptoms, brain injury -anatomical and physiological characteristics, etc) which are necessary to carry out a multi-factor statistical analysis in different samples of patients. The automated test was developed following service oriented architecture and implemented in a web site which contains a tests suite, which would allow both integrating the aphasia test with other neuropsychological instruments and increasing the available site information for scientific research. The test design, the database and the study of its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and objectivity) were made in conjunction with neuropsychological researchers, who participate actively in the software design, based on the patients or other subjects of investigation feedback.

  6. Service-Oriented Architectures and Web Services: Course Tutorial Notes

    OpenAIRE

    Mokhov, Serguei A.; Chen, Min; Yan, Yuhong

    2009-01-01

    This document presents a number of quick-step instructions to get started on writing mini-service-oriented web services-based applications using NetBeans 6.9.1, Tomcat 6, GlassFish 3.0.1, and Java 1.6 primarily in Scientific Linux 5.6 with user quota restrictions. While the tutorial notes are oriented towards the students taking the SOEN691A courses on service-oriented architectures (SOA) at Computer Science and Software Engineering (CSE) Department, Faculty of Engineering a...

  7. Information Architecture of Web Pages and Applications and its Role in the Time of Web 2.0

    OpenAIRE

    Je?ábek, Michal

    2008-01-01

    In contemporary times internet plays without doubts, a key role in our life. It is one of the most effective information channels of modern economy and a powerful tool of citizen society. Great number of new web pages is created daily and the competition is becoming stronger. This Diploma Thesis is dealing with the information architecture of web pages and applications an its significance for projects of Web2.0 In our territory, "information architecture" is relatively new term and therefore,...

  8. The Sensor Web: A Macro-Instrument for Coordinated Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin A. Delin

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available The Sensor Web is a macro-instrument concept that allows for the spatiotemporal understanding of an environment through coordinated efforts between multiple numbers and types of sensing platforms, including both orbital and terrestrial and both fixed and mobile. Each of these platforms, or pods, communicates within their local neighborhood and thus distributes information to the instrument as a whole. Much as intelligence in the brain is a result of the myriad of connections between dendrites, it is anticipated that the Sensor Web will develop a macro-intelligence as a result of its distributed information with the pods reacting and adapting to their environment in a way that is much more than their individual sum. The sharing of data among individual pods will allow for a global perception and purpose of the instrument as a whole. The Sensor Web is to sensors what the Internet is to computers, with different platforms and operating systems communicating via a set of shared, robust protocols. This paper will outline the potential of the Sensor Web concept and describe the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL Sensor Webs Project (http://sensorwebs.jpl.nasa.gov/. In particular, various fielded Sensor Webs will be discussed.

  9. Coordinated Science Campaign Scheduling for Sensor Webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgington, Will; Morris, Robert; Dungan, Jennifer; Williams, Jenny; Carlson, Jean; Fleming, Damian; Wood, Terri; Yorke-Smith, Neil

    2005-01-01

    Future Earth observing missions will study different aspects and interacting pieces of the Earth's eco-system. Scientists are designing increasingly complex, interdisciplinary campaigns to exploit the diverse capabilities of multiple Earth sensing assets. In addition, spacecraft platforms are being configured into clusters, trains, or other distributed organizations in order to improve either the quality or the coverage of observations. These simultaneous advances in the design of science campaigns and in the missions that will provide the sensing resources to support them offer new challenges in the coordination of data and operations that are not addressed by current practice. For example, the scheduling of scientific observations for satellites in low Earth orbit is currently conducted independently by each mission operations center. An absence of an information infrastructure to enable the scheduling of coordinated observations involving multiple sensors makes it difficult to execute campaigns involving multiple assets. This paper proposes a software architecture and describes a prototype system called DESOPS (Distributed Earth Science Observation Planning and Scheduling) that will address this deficiency.

  10. WebML and .NET Architecture for Developing Students Appointment Management System

    OpenAIRE

    M.H.N.M. Nasir; S.H. Hamid; Hassan, H.

    2009-01-01

    This study presents the application of Web Modeling Language (WebML) in a Student Appointment Management System (SAMS) to help students and lecturers arrange meetings in an effective and efficient way in a university or college environment. WebML is well designed for web applications and .NET four-tier architecture offers maximum functionality and flexibility in a heterogeneous, web based environment. Each WebML elements is transformed accordingly to Hypertext model as known as site vi...

  11. A modular architecture for wireless sensor network nodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jesse; Berry, Nina

    2004-09-01

    The system level hardware architecture of individual nodes in a wireless distributed sensor network has not received adequate attention. A large portion of the development work in wireless sensor networks has been devoted to the networking layer or the network communications, but considering the tight integration required between the hardware and software on each node can result in major benefits in power, performance, and usability as well. A novel hardware architecture based on the concept of task specific modular computing provides both the high flexibility and power efficiency required for effective distributed sensing solutions. A comparative power analysis with a traditional, centralized architecture gives a justifying motivation for pursuing the modular architecture. Finally, three decentralized module self-control mechanisms developed to minimize total system power will be presented and explained in detail.

  12. Sensor Web and Intelligent Sensors for Earth Science Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Shahid

    2002-01-01

    There is a significant interest in the Earth Science remote sensing community in substantially increasing the number of observations relative to the current frequency of collection. The obvious reason for such a push is to improve the temporal and surface coverage of measurements. However, there is little analysis available in terms of benefits, costs and optimized set of sensors needed to make these necessary observations. This is a complex problem that should be carefully studied and balanced over many boundaries. For example, the question of technology maturity versus users' desire for obtaining additional measurements is noncongruent. This is further complicated by the limitations of the laws of physics and the economic conditions. With the advent of advanced technology, it is anticipated that developments in spacecraft technology will enable advanced capabilities to become more affordable. However, specialized detector subsystems, and precision flying techniques may still require substantial innovation, development time and cost. Additionally, the space deployment scheme should also be given careful attention because of the high associated expense. Nonetheless, it is important to carefully examine the science priorities and steer the development efforts that can commensurate with the tangible requirements. This presentation will focus on a possible set of architectural concepts beneficial for future Earth science studies and research its and potential benefits.

  13. Establishing the Global Fresh Water Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Peter H.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents an approach to measuring the major components of the water cycle from space using the concept of a sensor-web of satellites that are linked to a data assimilation system. This topic is of increasing importance, due to the need for fresh water to support the growing human population, coupled with climate variability and change. The net effect is that water is an increasingly valuable commodity. The distribution of fresh water is highly uneven over the Earth, with both strong latitudinal distributions due to the atmospheric general circulation, and even larger variability due to landforms and the interaction of land with global weather systems. The annual global fresh water budget is largely a balance between evaporation, atmospheric transport, precipitation and runoff. Although the available volume of fresh water on land is small, the short residence time of water in these fresh water reservoirs causes the flux of fresh water - through evaporation, atmospheric transport, precipitation and runoff - to be large. With a total atmospheric water store of approx. 13 x 10(exp 12)cu m, and an annual flux of approx. 460 x 10(exp 12)cu m/y, the mean atmospheric residence time of water is approx. 10 days. River residence times are similar, biological are approx. 1 week, soil moisture is approx. 2 months, and lakes and aquifers are highly variable, extending from weeks to years. The hypothesized potential for redistribution and acceleration of the global hydrological cycle is therefore of concern. This hypothesized speed-up - thought to be associated with global warming - adds to the pressure placed upon water resources by the burgeoning human population, the variability of weather and climate, and concerns about anthropogenic impacts on global fresh water availability.

  14. A Security Architecture for Grid-enabling OGC Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelini, Valerio; Petronzio, Luca

    2010-05-01

    In the proposed presentation we describe an architectural solution for enabling a secure access to Grids and possibly other large scale on-demand processing infrastructures through OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) Web Services (OWS). This work has been carried out in the context of the security thread of the G-OWS Working Group. G-OWS (gLite enablement of OGC Web Services) is an international open initiative started in 2008 by the European CYCLOPS , GENESI-DR, and DORII Project Consortia in order to collect/coordinate experiences in the enablement of OWS's on top of the gLite Grid middleware. G-OWS investigates the problem of the development of Spatial Data and Information Infrastructures (SDI and SII) based on the Grid/Cloud capacity in order to enable Earth Science applications and tools. Concerning security issues, the integration of OWS compliant infrastructures and gLite Grids needs to address relevant challenges, due to their respective design principles. In fact OWS's are part of a Web based architecture that demands security aspects to other specifications, whereas the gLite middleware implements the Grid paradigm with a strong security model (the gLite Grid Security Infrastructure: GSI). In our work we propose a Security Architectural Framework allowing the seamless use of Grid-enabled OGC Web Services through the federation of existing security systems (mostly web based) with the gLite GSI. This is made possible mediating between different security realms, whose mutual trust is established in advance during the deployment of the system itself. Our architecture is composed of three different security tiers: the user's security system, a specific G-OWS security system, and the gLite Grid Security Infrastructure. Applying the separation-of-concerns principle, each of these tiers is responsible for controlling the access to a well-defined resource set, respectively: the user's organization resources, the geospatial resources and services, and the Grid resources. While the gLite middleware is tied to a consolidated security approach based on X.509 certificates, our system is able to support different kinds of user's security infrastructures. Our central component, the G-OWS Security Framework, is based on the OASIS WS-Trust specifications and on the OGC GeoRM architectural framework. This allows to satisfy advanced requirements such as the enforcement of specific geospatial policies and complex secure web service chained requests. The typical use case is represented by a scientist belonging to a given organization who issues a request to a G-OWS Grid-enabled Web Service. The system initially asks the user to authenticate to his/her organization's security system and, after verification of the user's security credentials, it translates the user's digital identity into a G-OWS identity. This identity is linked to a set of attributes describing the user's access rights to the G-OWS services and resources. Inside the G-OWS Security system, access restrictions are applied making use of the enhanced Geospatial capabilities specified by the OGC GeoXACML. If the required action needs to make use of the Grid environment the system checks if the user is entitled to access a Grid infrastructure. In that case his/her identity is translated to a temporary Grid security token using the Short Lived Credential Services (IGTF Standard). In our case, for the specific gLite Grid infrastructure, some information (VOMS Attributes) is plugged into the Grid Security Token to grant the access to the user's Virtual Organization Grid resources. The resulting token is used to submit the request to the Grid and also by the various gLite middleware elements to verify the user's grants. Basing on the presented framework, the G-OWS Security Working Group developed a prototype, enabling the execution of OGC Web Services on the EGEE Production Grid through the federation with a Shibboleth based security infrastructure. Future plans aim to integrate other Web authentication services such as OpenID, Kerberos and WS-Federation.

  15. A multi-agent system architecture for sensor networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes-Fernández, Rubén; Guijarro, María; Pajares, Gonzalo

    2009-01-01

    The design of the control systems for sensor networks presents important challenges. Besides the traditional problems about how to process the sensor data to obtain the target information, engineers need to consider additional aspects such as the heterogeneity and high number of sensors, and the flexibility of these networks regarding topologies and the sensors in them. Although there are partial approaches for resolving these issues, their integration relies on ad hoc solutions requiring important development efforts. In order to provide an effective approach for this integration, this paper proposes an architecture based on the multi-agent system paradigm with a clear separation of concerns. The architecture considers sensors as devices used by an upper layer of manager agents. These agents are able to communicate and negotiate services to achieve the required functionality. Activities are organized according to roles related with the different aspects to integrate, mainly sensor management, data processing, communication and adaptation to changes in the available devices and their capabilities. This organization largely isolates and decouples the data management from the changing network, while encouraging reuse of solutions. The use of the architecture is facilitated by a specific modelling language developed through metamodelling. A case study concerning a generic distributed system for fire fighting illustrates the approach and the comparison with related work. PMID:22303172

  16. A rich client framework for the OGC sensor web

    OpenAIRE

    Fabritius, M.

    2010-01-01

    In the eld of accessing and visualization mobile sensors and their recorded data, di erent approaches were realized. The OGC1 Sensor observation Service supplies a standard to access these information, stored on servers. To be able to access these servers, an interface must be developed and implemented. The result should be a con gurable development framework for web-based GIS clients supporting the OGC sensor observation services. In particular the framework should allow continuous position ...

  17. Service-Oriented Architectures and Web Services: Course Tutorial Notes

    CERN Document Server

    Mokhov, Serguei A

    2009-01-01

    This document presents a number of quick-step instructions to get started on writing mini-service-oriented web services-based applications using NetBeans 6.5.x, Tomcat 6, GlassFish 2.1, and Java 1.6 primarily in Fedora 9 Linux with user quota restrictions. While the tutorial notes are oriented towards the students taking the SOEN691A course on service-oriented architectures (SOA) at Computer Science and Software Engineering (CSE) Department, Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science (ENCS), other may find some of it useful as well outside of CSE or Concordia. The notes are compiled mostly based on the students' needs and feedback.

  18. ESB-Based Sensor Web Integration for the Prediction of Electric Power Supply System Vulnerability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milos Bogdanovic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Electric power supply companies increasingly rely on enterprise IT systems to provide them with a comprehensive view of the state of the distribution network. Within a utility-wide network, enterprise IT systems collect data from various metering devices. Such data can be effectively used for the prediction of power supply network vulnerability. The purpose of this paper is to present the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB-based Sensor Web integration solution that we have developed with the purpose of enabling prediction of power supply network vulnerability, in terms of a prediction of defect probability for a particular network element. We will give an example of its usage and demonstrate our vulnerability prediction model on data collected from two different power supply companies. The proposed solution is an extension of the GinisSense Sensor Web-based architecture for collecting, processing, analyzing, decision making and alerting based on the data received from heterogeneous data sources. In this case, GinisSense has been upgraded to be capable of operating in an ESB environment and combine Sensor Web and GIS technologies to enable prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability. Aside from electrical values, the proposed solution gathers ambient values from additional sensors installed in the existing power supply network infrastructure. GinisSense aggregates gathered data according to an adapted Omnibus data fusion model and applies decision-making logic on the aggregated data. Detected vulnerabilities are visualized to end-users through means of a specialized Web GIS application.

  19. ESB-based Sensor Web integration for the prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoimenov, Leonid; Bogdanovic, Milos; Bogdanovic-Dinic, Sanja

    2013-01-01

    Electric power supply companies increasingly rely on enterprise IT systems to provide them with a comprehensive view of the state of the distribution network. Within a utility-wide network, enterprise IT systems collect data from various metering devices. Such data can be effectively used for the prediction of power supply network vulnerability. The purpose of this paper is to present the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)-based Sensor Web integration solution that we have developed with the purpose of enabling prediction of power supply network vulnerability, in terms of a prediction of defect probability for a particular network element. We will give an example of its usage and demonstrate our vulnerability prediction model on data collected from two different power supply companies. The proposed solution is an extension of the GinisSense Sensor Web-based architecture for collecting, processing, analyzing, decision making and alerting based on the data received from heterogeneous data sources. In this case, GinisSense has been upgraded to be capable of operating in an ESB environment and combine Sensor Web and GIS technologies to enable prediction of electric power supply system vulnerability. Aside from electrical values, the proposed solution gathers ambient values from additional sensors installed in the existing power supply network infrastructure. GinisSense aggregates gathered data according to an adapted Omnibus data fusion model and applies decision-making logic on the aggregated data. Detected vulnerabilities are visualized to end-users through means of a specialized Web GIS application. PMID:23955435

  20. The cosmic web mysterious architecture of the Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Gott, J Richard

    2016-01-01

    J. Richard Gott was among the first cosmologists to propose that the structure of our universe is like a sponge made up of clusters of galaxies intricately connected by filaments of galaxies—a magnificent structure now called the "cosmic web" and mapped extensively by teams of astronomers. Here is his gripping insider’s account of how a generation of undaunted theorists and observers solved the mystery of the architecture of our cosmos. The Cosmic Web begins with modern pioneers of extragalactic astronomy, such as Edwin Hubble and Fritz Zwicky. It goes on to describe how, during the Cold War, the American school of cosmology favored a model of the universe where galaxies resided in isolated clusters, whereas the Soviet school favored a honeycomb pattern of galaxies punctuated by giant, isolated voids. Gott tells the stories of how his own path to a solution began with a high-school science project when he was eighteen, and how he and astronomer Mario Juri? measured the Sloan Great Wall of Galaxies, a fi...

  1. Use of the Earth Observing One (EO-1) Satellite for the Namibia SensorWeb Flood Early Warning Pilot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Frye, Stuart; Cappelaere, Pat; Handy, Matthew; Policelli, Fritz; Katjizeu, McCloud; Van Langenhove, Guido; Aube, Guy; Saulnier, Jean-Francois; Sohlberg, Rob; Silva, Julie; Kussul, Nataliia; Skakun, Sergii; Ungar, Stephen; Grossman, Robert

    2012-01-01

    The Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite was launched in November 2000 as a one year technology demonstration mission for a variety of space technologies. After the first year, it was used as a pathfinder for the creation of SensorWebs. A SensorWeb is the integration of variety of space, airborne and ground sensors into a loosely coupled collaborative sensor system that automatically provides useful data products. Typically, a SensorWeb is comprised of heterogeneous sensors tied together with a messaging architecture and web services. Disasters are the perfect arena to use SensorWebs. One SensorWeb pilot project that has been active since 2009 is the Namibia Early Flood Warning SensorWeb pilot project. The Pilot Project was established under the auspices of the Namibian Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry (MAWF)/Department of Water Affairs, the Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS)/Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS) and moderated by the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER). The effort began by identifying and prototyping technologies which enabled the rapid gathering and dissemination of both space-based and ground sensor data and data products for the purpose of flood disaster management and water-borne disease management. This was followed by an international collaboration to build small portions of the identified system which was prototyped during that past few years during the flood seasons which occurred in the February through May timeframe of 2010 and 2011 with further prototyping to occur in 2012. The SensorWeb system features EO-1 data along with other data sets from such satellites as Radarsat, Terra and Aqua. Finally, the SensorWeb team also began to examine the socioeconomic component to determine the impact of the SensorWeb technology and how best to assist in the infusion of this technology in lesser affluent areas with low levels of basic infrastructure. This paper provides an overview of these efforts, highlighting the EO-1 usage in this SensorWeb.

  2. a Web Service Approach for Linking Sensors and Cellular Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isikdag, U.

    2013-09-01

    More and more devices are starting to be connected to the Internet. In the future the Internet will not only be a communication medium for people, it will in fact be a communication environment for devices. The connected devices which are also referred as Things will have an ability to interact with other devices over the Internet, i.) provide information in interoperable form and ii.) consume /utilize such information with the help of sensors embedded in them. This overall concept is known as Internet-of- Things (IoT). This requires new approaches to be investigated for system architectures to establish relations between spaces and sensors. The research presented in this paper elaborates on an architecture developed with this aim, i.e. linking spaces and sensors using a RESTful approach. The objective is making spaces aware of (sensor-embedded) devices, and making devices aware of spaces in a loosely coupled way (i.e. a state/usage/function change in the spaces would not have effect on sensors, similarly a location/state/usage/function change in sensors would not have any effect on spaces). The proposed architecture also enables the automatic assignment of sensors to spaces depending on space geometry and sensor location.

  3. Architecture for Integrating Desktop and Web 2.0 Data Management

    OpenAIRE

    LEONE, STEFANIA; Grossniklaus, Michael; Norrie, Moira C.

    2008-01-01

    A new form of personal information fragmentation is arising due to the rapid growth in Web 2.0 applications and their use for the management of data typically associated with desktop applications. We propose a data management architecture that allows data to be shared between desktop and Web 2.0 applications. The architecture supports a separation of concerns between the management of personal data and its publication on the Web to social networks.

  4. Advances on Sensor Web for Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, S.; Bermudez, L. E.; Huang, C.; Jazayeri, M.; Khalafbeigi, T.

    2013-12-01

    'In much the same way that HTML and HTTP enabled WWW, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE), envisioned in 2001 [1] will allow sensor webs to become a reality.'. Due to the large number of sensor manufacturers and differing accompanying protocols, integrating diverse sensors into observation systems is not a simple task. A coherent infrastructure is needed to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way. SWE standardizes web service interfaces, sensor descriptions and data encodings as building blocks for a Sensor Web. SWE standards are now mature specifications (version 2.0) with approved OGC compliance test suites and tens of independent implementations. Many earth and space science organizations and government agencies are using the SWE standards to publish and share their sensors and observations. While SWE has been demonstrated very effective for scientific sensors, its complexity and the computational overhead may not be suitable for resource-constrained tiny sensors. In June 2012, a new OGC Standards Working Group (SWG) was formed called the Sensor Web Interface for Internet of Things (SWE-IoT) SWG. This SWG focuses on developing one or more OGC standards for resource-constrained sensors and actuators (e.g., Internet of Things devices) while leveraging the existing OGC SWE standards. In the near future, billions to trillions of small sensors and actuators will be embedded in real- world objects and connected to the Internet facilitating a concept called the Internet of Things (IoT). By populating our environment with real-world sensor-based devices, the IoT is opening the door to exciting possibilities for a variety of application domains, such as environmental monitoring, transportation and logistics, urban informatics, smart cities, as well as personal and social applications. The current SWE-IoT development aims on modeling the IoT components and defining a standard web service that makes the observations captured by IoT devices easily accessible and allows users to task the actuators on the IoT devices. The SWE IoT model links things with sensors and reuses the OGC Observation and Model (O&M) to link sensors with features of interest and observed properties Unlike most SWE standards, the SWE-IoT defines a RESTful web interface for users to perform CRUD (i.e., create, read, update, and delete) functions on resources, including Things, Sensors, Actuators, Observations, Tasks, etc. Inspired by the OASIS Open Data Protocol (OData), the SWE-IoT web service provides the multi-faceted query, which means that users can query from different entity collections and link from one entity to other related entities. This presentation will introduce the latest development of the OGC SWE-IoT standards. Potential applications and implications in Earth and Space science will also be discussed. [1] Mike Botts, Sensor Web Enablement White Paper, Open GIS Consortium, Inc. 2002

  5. A HIERARCHICAL INTRUSION DETECTION ARCHITECTURE FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Jadidoleslamy

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Networks protection against different types of attacks is one of most important posed issue into the network andinformation security application domains. This problem on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs, in attention to theirspecial properties, has more importance. Now, there are some of proposed architectures and guide lines to protectWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs against different types of intrusions; but any one of them do not has acomprehensive view to this problem and they are usually designed and implemented in single-purpose; but, theproposed design in this paper tries to has been a comprehensive view to this issue by presenting a complete andcomprehensive Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA. The main contribution of this architecture is its hierarchicalstructure; i.e., it is designed and applicable, in one or two levels, consistent to the application domain and itsrequired security level. Focus of this paper is on the clustering WSNs, designing and deploying Cluster-basedIntrusion Detection System (CIDS on cluster-heads and Wireless Sensor Network wide level Intrusion DetectionSystem (WSNIDS on the central server. Suppositions of the WSN and Intrusion Detection Architecture (IDA are:static and heterogeneous network, hierarchical and clustering structure, clusters' overlapping and using hierarchicalrouting protocol such as LEACH, but along with minor changes. Finally, the proposed idea has been verified bydesigning a questionnaire, representing it to some (about 50 people experts and then, analyzing and evaluating itsacquired results.

  6. Medical Web Interface for Wireless Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei Maciuca; Dan Popescu

    2013-01-01

    The current paper proposes a smart web interface designed for monitoring the status of the elderly people. There are four main user types used in the web application: the administrator (who has power access to all the application’s functionalities), the patient (who has access to his own personal data, like parameters history, personal details), relatives of the patient (who have administrable access to the person in care, access that is defined by the patient) and the medic (who can view ...

  7. Sensor Architecture and Task Classification for Agricultural Vehicles and Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Rovira-Más

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The long time wish of endowing agricultural vehicles with an increasing degree of autonomy is becoming a reality thanks to two crucial facts: the broad diffusion of global positioning satellite systems and the inexorable progress of computers and electronics. Agricultural vehicles are currently the only self-propelled ground machines commonly integrating commercial automatic navigation systems. Farm equipment manufacturers and satellite-based navigation system providers, in a joint effort, have pushed this technology to unprecedented heights; yet there are many unresolved issues and an unlimited potential still to uncover. The complexity inherent to intelligent vehicles is rooted in the selection and coordination of the optimum sensors, the computer reasoning techniques to process the acquired data, and the resulting control strategies for automatic actuators. The advantageous design of the network of onboard sensors is necessary for the future deployment of advanced agricultural vehicles. This article analyzes a variety of typical environments and situations encountered in agricultural fields, and proposes a sensor architecture especially adapted to cope with them. The strategy proposed groups sensors into four specific subsystems: global localization, feedback control and vehicle pose, non-visual monitoring, and local perception. The designed architecture responds to vital vehicle tasks classified within three layers devoted to safety, operative information, and automatic actuation. The success of this architecture, implemented and tested in various agricultural vehicles over the last decade, rests on its capacity to integrate redundancy and incorporate new technologies in a practical way.

  8. Scientific Workflows and the Sensor Web for Virtual Environmental Observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonis, I.; Vahed, A.

    2008-12-01

    Virtual observatories mature from their original domain and become common practice for earth observation research and policy building. The term Virtual Observatory originally came from the astronomical research community. Here, virtual observatories provide universal access to the available astronomical data archives of space and ground-based observatories. Further on, as those virtual observatories aim at integrating heterogeneous ressources provided by a number of participating organizations, the virtual observatory acts as a coordinating entity that strives for common data analysis techniques and tools based on common standards. The Sensor Web is on its way to become one of the major virtual observatories outside of the astronomical research community. Like the original observatory that consists of a number of telescopes, each observing a specific part of the wave spectrum and with a collection of astronomical instruments, the Sensor Web provides a multi-eyes perspective on the current, past, as well as future situation of our planet and its surrounding spheres. The current view of the Sensor Web is that of a single worldwide collaborative, coherent, consistent and consolidated sensor data collection, fusion and distribution system. The Sensor Web can perform as an extensive monitoring and sensing system that provides timely, comprehensive, continuous and multi-mode observations. This technology is key to monitoring and understanding our natural environment, including key areas such as climate change, biodiversity, or natural disasters on local, regional, and global scales. The Sensor Web concept has been well established with ongoing global research and deployment of Sensor Web middleware and standards and represents the foundation layer of systems like the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The Sensor Web consists of a huge variety of physical and virtual sensors as well as observational data, made available on the Internet at standardized interfaces. All data sets and sensor communication follow well-defined abstract models and corresponding encodings, mostly developed by the OGC Sensor Web Enablement initiative. Scientific progress is currently accelerated by an emerging new concept called scientific workflows, which organize and manage complex distributed computations. A scientific workflow represents and records the highly complex processes that a domain scientist typically would follow in exploration, discovery and ultimately, transformation of raw data to publishable results. The challenge is now to integrate the benefits of scientific workflows with those provided by the Sensor Web in order to leverage all resources for scientific exploration, problem solving, and knowledge generation. Scientific workflows for the Sensor Web represent the next evolutionary step towards efficient, powerful, and flexible earth observation frameworks and platforms. Those platforms support the entire process from capturing data, sharing and integrating, to requesting additional observations. Multiple sites and organizations will participate on single platforms and scientists from different countries and organizations interact and contribute to large-scale research projects. Simultaneously, the data- and information overload becomes manageable, as multiple layers of abstraction will free scientists to deal with underlying data-, processing or storage peculiarities. The vision are automated investigation and discovery mechanisms that allow scientists to pose queries to the system, which in turn would identify potentially related resources, schedules processing tasks and assembles all parts in workflows that may satisfy the query.

  9. Architecture for improving terrestrial logistics based on the Web of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Miguel; Jara, Antonio J; Skarmeta, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM), in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. This paper presents how the Internet of Things is integrated for improving terrestrial logistics offering a comprehensive and flexible architecture, with high scalability, according to the specific needs for reaching an item-level continuous monitoring solution. The major contribution from this work is the optimization of the Embedded Web Services based on RESTful (Web of Things) for the access to TTM services at any time during the transportation of goods. Specifically, it has been extended the monitoring patterns such as observe and blockwise transfer for the requirements from the continuous conditional monitoring, and for the transfer of full inventories and partial ones based on conditional queries. In definitive, this work presents an evolution of the previous TTM solutions, which were limited to trailer identification and environment monitoring, to a solution which is able to provide an exhaustive item-level monitoring, required for several use cases. This exhaustive monitoring has required new communication capabilities through the Web of Things, which has been optimized with the use and improvement of a set of communications patterns. PMID:22778657

  10. Architecture for Improving Terrestrial Logistics Based on the Web of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Skarmeta

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM, in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. This paper presents how the Internet of Things is integrated for improving terrestrial logistics offering a comprehensive and flexible architecture, with high scalability, according to the specific needs for reaching an item-level continuous monitoring solution. The major contribution from this work is the optimization of the Embedded Web Services based on RESTful (Web of Things for the access to TTM services at any time during the transportation of goods. Specifically, it has been extended the monitoring patterns such as observe and blockwise transfer for the requirements from the continuous conditional monitoring, and for the transfer of full inventories and partial ones based on conditional queries. In definitive, this work presents an evolution of the previous TTM solutions, which were limited to trailer identification and environment monitoring, to a solution which is able to provide an exhaustive item-level monitoring, required for several use cases. This exhaustive monitoring has required new communication capabilities through the Web of Things, which has been optimized with the use and improvement of a set of communications patterns.

  11. OpenAlea 2.0: Architecture of an integrated modeling environment on the web

    OpenAIRE

    Pradal, Christophe; Coste, Julien; Boudon, Frédéric; Fournier, Christian; Godin, Christophe

    2013-01-01

    Plant modeling is based on the use of a diverse set of design paradigms (L-systems, visual programming, imperative languages or sketch-based interfaces). In this poster, the architecture of a new multi-paradigm and integrated modeling environment is presented. This desktop application will become a distributed web application, allowing to run simulations on a cloud computing system and share virtual experiments on the web. The modeling environment will run on a web browser using HTML5 and Web...

  12. A Survey of Sensor Web Services for the Smart Grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Asad

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The broad use ofWireless Sensor Networks (WSN in various fields have resulted in growing demand for advanced data collection and querying mechanisms embedded in the sensor node. Sensor Web Services (SWS have recently emerged as a promising tool to enable external machines to have access to the information collected by public sensor webs. Machine-to-machine interactions or wireless sensor and actor networks can take advantage of this platform-independent technology to develop diverse smart grid applications. In this survey, we first briefly present the state of the art in SWS technology by describing the techniques for customizing web services to fit the sensor node capabilities such as customizing the WSDL file, compressing XML documents and redesigning TCP protocol. Then, we survey the studies that have utilized the SWS technology in smart grid applications. These studies have shown that SWS provide energy management capabilities to the consumers and the utilities, and they are well suited for smart grid integrated smart home solutions.

  13. Hybrid Exploration Agent Platform and Sensor Web System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoffel, A. William; VanSteenberg, Michael E.

    2004-01-01

    A sensor web to collect the scientific data needed to further exploration is a major and efficient asset to any exploration effort. This is true not only for lunar and planetary environments, but also for interplanetary and liquid environments. Such a system would also have myriad direct commercial spin-off applications. The Hybrid Exploration Agent Platform and Sensor Web or HEAP-SW like the ANTS concept is a Sensor Web concept. The HEAP-SW is conceptually and practically a very different system. HEAP-SW is applicable to any environment and a huge range of exploration tasks. It is a very robust, low cost, high return, solution to a complex problem. All of the technology for initial development and implementation is currently available. The HEAP Sensor Web or HEAP-SW consists of three major parts, The Hybrid Exploration Agent Platforms or HEAP, the Sensor Web or SW and the immobile Data collection and Uplink units or DU. The HEAP-SW as a whole will refer to any group of mobile agents or robots where each robot is a mobile data collection unit that spends most of its time acting in concert with all other robots, DUs in the web, and the HEAP-SWs overall Command and Control (CC) system. Each DU and robot is, however, capable of acting independently. The three parts of the HEAP-SW system are discussed in this paper. The Goals of the HEAP-SW system are: 1) To maximize the amount of exploration enhancing science data collected; 2) To minimize data loss due to system malfunctions; 3) To minimize or, possibly, eliminate the risk of total system failure; 4) To minimize the size, weight, and power requirements of each HEAP robot; 5) To minimize HEAP-SW system costs. The rest of this paper discusses how these goals are attained.

  14. A Lightweight Access for Hybrid Mobile Web Cloud Content Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Shawkat K.Guirguis; Adel A. El-Zoghabi; Mohamed A. Hassan

    2014-01-01

    The web was first design to just provide information that could be hosted over traditional client server model, the fast growth of web content and large numbers of web content today, trend to utilize the cloud computing and hyper mobile web, which provide instant computing power, scalability, availability, saving time and administration effort. Today there is an increasing demand for accessing the Internet from mobile devices, which becoming very popular, mobile web access now is an integral ...

  15. Architecture for large-scale automatic web accessibility evaluation based on the UWEM methodology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulltveit-Moe, Nils; Olsen, Morten Goodwin; Pillai, Anand B.; Thomsen, Christian; Gjøsæter, Terje; Snaprud, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    The European Internet Accessibility project (EIAO) has developed an Observatory for performing large scale automatic web accessibility evaluations of public sector web sites in Europe. The architecture includes a distributed web crawler that crawls web sites for links until either a given budget of...... web pages have been identified or the web site has been crawled exhaustively. Subsequently, a uniform random subset of the crawled web pages is sampled and sent for accessibility evaluation and the evaluation results are stored in a Resource Description Format (RDF) database that is later loaded into...... challenges that the project faced and the solutions developed towards building a system capable of regular large-scale accessibility evaluations with sufficient capacity and stability. It also outlines some possible future architectural improvements....

  16. The ARCOMEM Architecture for Social- and Semantic-Driven Web Archiving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Risse

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The constantly growing amount ofWeb content and the success of the SocialWeb lead to increasing needs for Web archiving. These needs go beyond the pure preservationo of Web pages. Web archives are turning into “community memories” that aim at building a better understanding of the public view on, e.g., celebrities, court decisions and other events. Due to the size of the Web, the traditional “collect-all” strategy is in many cases not the best method to build Web archives. In this paper, we present the ARCOMEM (From Future Internet 2014, 6 689 Collect-All Archives to Community Memories architecture and implementation that uses semantic information, such as entities, topics and events, complemented with information from the Social Web to guide a novel Web crawler. The resulting archives are automatically enriched with semantic meta-information to ease the access and allow retrieval based on conditions that involve high-level concepts.

  17. Digital Architecture for a Trace Gas Sensor Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Paula; Casias, Miguel; Vakhtin, Andrei; Pilgrim, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    A digital architecture has been implemented for a trace gas sensor platform, as a companion to standard analog control electronics, which accommodates optical absorption whose fractional absorbance equivalent would result in excess error if assumed to be linear. In cases where the absorption (1-transmission) is not equivalent to the fractional absorbance within a few percent error, it is necessary to accommodate the actual measured absorption while reporting the measured concentration of a target analyte with reasonable accuracy. This requires incorporation of programmable intelligence into the sensor platform so that flexible interpretation of the acquired data may be accomplished. Several different digital component architectures were tested and implemented. Commercial off-the-shelf digital electronics including data acquisition cards (DAQs), complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and microcontrollers have been used to achieve the desired outcome. The most completely integrated architecture achieved during the project used the CPLD along with a microcontroller. The CPLD provides the initial digital demodulation of the raw sensor signal, and then communicates over a parallel communications interface with a microcontroller. The microcontroller analyzes the digital signal from the CPLD, and applies a non-linear correction obtained through extensive data analysis at the various relevant EVA operating pressures. The microcontroller then presents the quantitatively accurate carbon dioxide partial pressure regardless of optical density. This technique could extend the linear dynamic range of typical absorption spectrometers, particularly those whose low end noise equivalent absorbance is below one-part-in-100,000. In the EVA application, it allows introduction of a path-length-enhancing architecture whose optical interference effects are well understood and quantified without sacrificing the dynamic range that allows quantitative detection at the higher carbon dioxide partial pressures. The digital components are compact and allow reasonably complete integration with separately developed analog control electronics without sacrificing size, mass, or power draw.

  18. Service Oriented Architecture A Revolution For Comprehensive Web Based Project Management Software

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Ahmad Raza; Khan, Rquaiya; Sontakke, Trimbak R; Khonde, Shraddha R; Wahul, Revati; Alam, Mahtab

    2012-01-01

    Service Oriented Architecture A Revolution for Project Management Software has changed the way projects today are moving on the fly with the help of web services booming the industry. Service oriented architecture improves performance and the communication between the distributed and remote teams. Web Services to Provide Project Management software the visibility and control of the application development lifecycle-giving a better control over the entire development process, from the manageme...

  19. WEB-ENABLED GENERALIZED ARCHITECTURAL MODEL FOR ONLINE POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Boopathi C. Sengodan; Subhransu Sekhar Dash; Subramani Chinnamuthu; Ramadoss Ramesh; Sudakaran Mahalingam

    2013-01-01

    In this study, an effective Web-enabled generalized architectural model is proposed. The proposed model makes the power system analysis to be completely secured, distributed, platform-independent and language-independent. Although significant progress has been made for on-line power system analysis in distributed environment, still efficient distributed environment has not yet been exploited. The Web-enabled architectural models are emerging as basic methodologies to support the integration o...

  20. Collaborative Concept Mapping in a Web-Based Learning Environment: A Pedagogic Experience in Architectural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madrazo, Leandro; Vidal, Jordi

    2002-01-01

    Describes a pedagogical work, carried out within a school of architecture, using a Web-based learning environment to support collaborative understanding of texts on architectural theory. Explains the use of concept maps, creation of a critical vocabulary, exploration of semantic spaces, and knowledge discovery through navigation. (Author/LRW)

  1. Semantic Web-Driven LMS Architecture towards a Holistic Learning Process Model Focused on Personalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerkiri, Tania

    2010-01-01

    A comprehensive presentation is here made on the modular architecture of an e-learning platform with a distinctive emphasis on content personalization, combining advantages from semantic web technology, collaborative filtering and recommendation systems. Modules of this architecture handle information about both the domain-specific didactic…

  2. Energy-Aware Fragmented Memory Architecture with a Switching Power Supply for Sensor Nodes

    OpenAIRE

    Harish H.Kenchannavar; M.M.Math; Umakant P Kulkarni

    2013-01-01

    The basic sensor node architecture in a wireless sensor network contains sensing, transceiver, processing and memory units along with the power supply module. Because the basic sensor network application nature is surveillance, these networks may be deployed in a remote environment without human intervention. The sensor nodes are also battery-powered tiny devices with limited memory capacity. Because of these sensor node limitations, the architecture can be modified to efficiently utilise ene...

  3. Information Architecture for the Web: The IA Matrix Approach to Designing Children's Portals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Large, Andrew; Beheshti, Jamshid; Cole, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Presents a matrix that can serve as a tool for designing the information architecture of a Web portal in a logical and systematic manner. Highlights include interfaces; metaphors; navigation; interaction; information retrieval; and an example of a children's Web portal to provide access to museum information. (Author/LRW)

  4. Architecture, Design, and Development of an HTML/JavaScript Web-Based Group Support System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Nicholas C., Jr.; Nunamaker, Jay F., Jr.; Briggs, Robert O.; Vogel, Douglas R.

    1998-01-01

    Examines the need for virtual workspaces and describes the architecture, design, and development of GroupSystems for the World Wide Web (GSWeb), an HTML/JavaScript Web-based Group Support System (GSS). GSWeb, an application interface similar to a Graphical User Interface (GUI), is currently used by teams around the world and relies on user…

  5. Text Mining-Based Semantic Web Architecture (TMSWA) for e-Learning Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Hamad Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    This paper highlights semantic web techniques and proposes architecture for e-Learning-based systems for the academic portal. Text mining is used with the proposed model for better processing of unstructured data available in XML and RDF formats. An algorithm will be used to support building a web retrieval system to extract the hidden knowledge for the semantic web by ontologies for e-learning items to classify and find the relationships between the leaning items via the academic portal.

  6. The application of service oriented architecture in calculation of thermochemical properties in web service form

    OpenAIRE

    Pavel Horov?ák; Ján Terpák

    2012-01-01

    The paper is devoted to application of service oriented architecture in calculation of thermochemical properties. It describesfor this purpose designed web service, its features and possibilities of utilization as well as basic principles of service orientedarchitecture that are used in web service design. As basic data sources were used NASA polynomials, CAS registry numberand manually filled data. Web service has 23 particular functions, which is possible to use in various clients environme...

  7. Functionally independent components of prey capture are architecturally constrained in spider orb webs

    OpenAIRE

    Blackledge, Todd A; Eliason, Chad M.

    2007-01-01

    Evolutionary conflict in trait performance under different ecological contexts is common, but may also arise from functional coupling between traits operating within the same context. Orb webs first intercept and then retain insects long enough to be attacked by spiders. Improving either function increases prey capture and they are largely determined by different aspects of web architecture. We manipulated the mesh width of orbs to investigate its effect, along with web size, on prey capture ...

  8. A Single-Transistor Active Pixel CMOS Image Sensor Architecture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A single-transistor CMOS active pixel image sensor (1 T CMOS APS) architecture is proposed. By switching the photosensing pinned diode, resetting and selecting can be achieved by diode pull-up and capacitive coupling pull-down of the source follower. Thus, the reset and selected transistors can be removed. In addition, the reset and selected signal lines can be shared to reduce the metal signal line, leading to a very high fill factor. The pixel design and operation principles are discussed in detail. The functionality of the proposed 1T CMOS APS architecture has been experimentally verified using a fabricated chip in a standard 0.35 ?m CMOS AMIS technology

  9. An architecture for "Web Of Things" using SOCKS protocol based IPv6/IPv4 gatewaying for heterogeneous communication

    CERN Document Server

    Patnaikuni, P Shrinivasan R

    2011-01-01

    "Web Of Things" evolved from "Internet Of Things". Lot of research has been done in designing architecture for "Web Of Things". Two main architectures are Smart gateway based architecture and embedded Web Server based architecture. These architectures address some of the basic and essential issues relating to Service Oriented Architecture for "Web Of Things". Taking into consideration the period of coexistence of IPv4 and IPv6 we propose an architecture using SOCKS protocol based IPv6/IPv4 gatewaying and refinements which facilitates smooth heterogeneous communications between the IPv6 and IPv4 enabled embedded nodes and can potentially be used to prevent security threats like Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks on embedded devices attached to the web and increase its performance. Our architecture provides a way for caching responses from device and thereby increasing its efficiency and performance and yielding quick response times.

  10. RESTFul based heterogeneous Geoprocessing workflow interoperation for Sensor Web Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chao; Chen, Nengcheng; Di, Liping

    2012-10-01

    Advanced sensors on board satellites offer detailed Earth observations. A workflow is one approach for designing, implementing and constructing a flexible and live link between these sensors' resources and users. It can coordinate, organize and aggregate the distributed sensor Web services to meet the requirement of a complex Earth observation scenario. A RESTFul based workflow interoperation method is proposed to integrate heterogeneous workflows into an interoperable unit. The Atom protocols are applied to describe and manage workflow resources. The XML Process Definition Language (XPDL) and Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) workflow standards are applied to structure a workflow that accesses sensor information and one that processes it separately. Then, a scenario for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) from a volcanic eruption is used to investigate the feasibility of the proposed method. The RESTFul based workflows interoperation system can describe, publish, discover, access and coordinate heterogeneous Geoprocessing workflows.

  11. UTILIZATION OF WEB SERVICES FOR SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Kunjal B. Mankad

    2010-01-01

    Rapid evolution of software architectures has become nowadays trend, in which distributed processing has proven highly efficient. Multiple architectures for distributed processing are available based on object oriented and component oriented concepts having their own advantages and limitations. The main aspect of developing the consistent architectural framework is to reduce the development cost of IT solutions and to integrate the business partners and customers with various capabilities wit...

  12. Image-based target tracking: fusion architecture and sensor management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hersen, B.; Lalo, A.; Laneuville, D.; Mariton, Michel

    1993-09-01

    Following the acceptance of the linear Gauss Markov paradigm pioneered by Kalman, the engineering practice for the design of target tracking applications had been maturing over the last two decades. In recent years however two emerging facts have called for a renewed attention from the research community: (1) the generalization of multiple sensor architectures, motivated by higher requirements in terms of target description and robustness to electronic warfare, and (2) the availability of affordable imaging sensors, following progress in infrared detectors technology. The purpose of this communication is to report on some recent work addressing the issues raised by these two new aspects of tracking application design. Ideas are illustrated using an air defense scenario.

  13. A Web Services based Approach for Resource-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sana Baccar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The large diffusion of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs in our contemporary life with their numerous applications has led to a huge heterogeneity. This heterogeneity makes the possibility of discovering and collecting data from the wireless sensors more and more difficult. Indeed, WSNs are currently developed around different communities of sensor and user types, with each community typically relying on its own system, metadata semantics, data format and software. Therefore, the ability to discover and utilize a new sensor asset is typically hindered by incompatible services and encodings which can cause interoperability between different sensor nodes within the same WSN. Service-Oriented-Architecture (SOA is one of the key paradigms that enables the deployment of services at large-scale over the Internet domain and its integration with WSNs could open new pathways for novel applications and research. Despite the need to integrate SOA with WSNs, only handful efforts are underway to achieve the goal. In this paper, we tackle integration of SOA with WSNs by proposing a Lightweight Representational State Transfer (REST-based Web Services approach to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way.

  14. Architecture of A Scalable Dynamic Parallel WebCrawler with High Speed Downloadable Capability for a Web Search Engine

    CERN Document Server

    Mukhopadhyay, Debajyoti; Ghosh, Soumya; Kar, Saheli; Kim, Young-Chon

    2011-01-01

    Today World Wide Web (WWW) has become a huge ocean of information and it is growing in size everyday. Downloading even a fraction of this mammoth data is like sailing through a huge ocean and it is a challenging task indeed. In order to download a large portion of data from WWW, it has become absolutely essential to make the crawling process parallel. In this paper we offer the architecture of a dynamic parallel Web crawler, christened as "WEB-SAILOR," which presents a scalable approach based on Client-Server model to speed up the download process on behalf of a Web Search Engine in a distributed Domain-set specific environment. WEB-SAILOR removes the possibility of overlapping of downloaded documents by multiple crawlers without even incurring the cost of communication overhead among several parallel "client" crawling processes.

  15. “Wireless Sensor Networks - Architectures, Protocols, Simulators and Applications: a Survey”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. G. Shiva Prasad Yadav

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs have emerged as a new research technology in the distributed computing environment and plays a very important role in the pervasive computing to support various applications. It has a great potential to be utilized in battlefields and in different commercial applications like traffic surveillance, habitat monitoring, construction structures, smart homes, offices and many more. Research on several aspects of WSNs like energy efficiency, power management, rouunrting, topology control, data management and security are progressing extensively. In this technical paper a survey on recent trends in wireless sensor network research, different topologies, routing protocols, simulators and applications is carried out. A smart WSN consists of sensor nodes made of small electronic device and are deployed across a geographical area. These nodes carry out the sensing, processing and transmission of data from different physical environments. They depend on batteries which get drained very soon due to the computation and data transmission to other nodes. The architectures of WSN are mainly depending on application requirements. WSN is a multidisciplinary area of research where different applications developers, users, hardware and software designers need to work closely to implement an efficient application. The different characteristics of the sensor network like flexibility, fault tolerance, high sensing fidelity, low cost and rapid deployment create many new and exciting application areas.

  16. Useful Sensor Web Capabilities to Enable Progressive Mission Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Dan

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews using the Sensor Web capabilities as an enabling technology to allow for progressive autonomy of NASA space missions. The presentation reviews technical challenges for future missions, and some of the capabilities that exist to meet those challenges. To establish the ability of the technology to meet the challenges, experiments were conducted on three missions: Earth Observing 1 (EO-1), Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer (CHIPS) and Space Technology 5 (ST-5). These experiments are reviewed.

  17. Handling Live Sensor Data on the Semantic Web

    OpenAIRE

    Hummel, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    The increased linking of objects in the Internet of Things and the ubiquitous flood of data and information require new technologies in data processing and data storage in particular in the Internet and the Semantic Web. Because of human limitations in data collection and analysis, more and more automatic methods are used. Above all, these sensors or similar data producers are very accurate, fast and versatile and can also provide continuous monitoring even places that are hard to reach ...

  18. Development of an Web Service Architecture for Enterprise Application Integration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) is to enable the interoperability between two or more enterprise software systems. These systems, for example, can be an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, an Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) system or a Condition Monitoring system. Traditional EAI approach, based on point-to-point connection, is expensive, vendor specific with limited modules and restricted interoperability with other ERPs and applications. To overcome these drawbacks, the Web Service based EAI has emerged. It allows the integration without point to point linking and with less costs. Many approaches of Web service based EAI are combined with ORACLE, SAP, PeopleSoft, WebSphere, SIEBEL etc. as a system integration platform. The approach still has the restriction that only predefined clients can access the services. This means clients must know exactly the protocol for calling the services and if they don't have the access information they never can get the services. This is because these Web services are based on syntactic service description. In this paper, a semantic based EAI approach, that allows the uninformed clients to access the services, is introduced. The semantic EAI is designed with the Web services that have semantic service descriptions. The Semantic Web Services(SWS) are described in Web Ontology Language for Services(OWL-S), a semantic service ontology language, and advertised in Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI). Clients find desired services through the UDDI and get services from service providers through Web Service Description Language(WSDL)

  19. Overview Of Tenet: Architecture For Tiered Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANJU PRIYA .S

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Most sensor network research and software design has been guided by an architectural principle that permits multi-node data fusion on small-form-factor, resource-poor nodes, or motes. We argue that this principle leads to fragile and unmanageable systems and explore an alternative. The Tenet architecture is motivated by the observation that future large-scale sensor network deployments will be tiered, consisting of motes in the lower tier and masters, relatively unconstrained 32-bit platform nodes, in the upper tier. Masters provide increased network capacity. Tenet constrains multimode fusion to the master tier while allowing motes to process locallygeneratedsensor data. This simplifies application development and allows mote-tier software to be reused. Applications running on masters task motes by composing task descriptions from a novel tasklet library. OurTenet implementation also contains a robust and scalable networking subsystem for disseminating tasks and reliably delivering responses. We show that a Tenet pursuit-evasion application exhibits performancecomparable to a mote-native implementation while being considerably more compact.

  20. SensorWeb Hub infrastructure for open access to scientific research data

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Filippis, Tiziana; Rocchi, Leandro; Rapisardi, Elena

    2015-04-01

    The sharing of research data is a new challenge for the scientific community that may benefit from a large amount of information to solve environmental issues and sustainability in agriculture and urban contexts. Prerequisites for this challenge is the development of an infrastructure that ensure access, management and preservation of data, technical support for a coordinated and harmonious management of data that, in the framework of Open Data Policies, should encourages the reuse and the collaboration. The neogeography and the citizen as sensors approach, highlight that new data sources need a new set of tools and practices so to collect, validate, categorize, and use / access these "crowdsourced" data, that integrate the data sets produced in the scientific field, thus "feeding" the overall available data for analysis and research. When the scientific community embraces the dimension of collaboration and sharing, access and re-use, in order to accept the open innovation approach, it should redesign and reshape the processes of data management: the challenges of technological and cultural innovation, enabled by web 2.0 technologies, bring to the scenario where the sharing of structured and interoperable data will constitute the unavoidable building block to set up a new paradigm of scientific research. In this perspective the Institute of Biometeorology, CNR, whose aim is contributing to sharing and development of research data, has developed the "SensorWebHub" (SWH) infrastructure to support the scientific activities carried out in several research projects at national and international level. It is designed to manage both mobile and fixed open source meteorological and environmental sensors, in order to integrate the existing agro-meteorological and urban monitoring networks. The proposed architecture uses open source tools to ensure sustainability in the development and deployment of web applications with geographic features and custom analysis, as requested by the different research projects. The SWH components are organized in typical client-server architecture and interact from the sensing process to the representation of the results to the end-users. The Web Application enables to view and analyse the data stored in the GeoDB. The interface is designed following Internet browsers specifications allowing the visualization of collected data in different formats (tabular, chart and geographic map). The services for the dissemination of geo-referenced information, adopt the OGC specifications. SWH is a bottom-up collaborative initiative to share real time research data and pave the way for a open innovation approach in the scientific research. Until now this framework has been used for several WebGIS applications and WebApp for environmental monitoring at different temporal and spatial scales.

  1. An Observation Capability Metadata Model for EO Sensor Discovery in Sensor Web Enablement Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuli Hu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Accurate and fine-grained discovery by diverse Earth observation (EO sensors ensures a comprehensive response to collaborative observation-required emergency tasks. This discovery remains a challenge in an EO sensor web environment. In this study, we propose an EO sensor observation capability metadata model that reuses and extends the existing sensor observation-related metadata standards to enable the accurate and fine-grained discovery of EO sensors. The proposed model is composed of five sub-modules, namely, ObservationBreadth, ObservationDepth, ObservationFrequency, ObservationQuality and ObservationData. The model is applied to different types of EO sensors and is formalized by the Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Model Language 1.0. The GeosensorQuery prototype retrieves the qualified EO sensors based on the provided geo-event. An actual application to flood emergency observation in the Yangtze River Basin in China is conducted, and the results indicate that sensor inquiry can accurately achieve fine-grained discovery of qualified EO sensors and obtain enriched observation capability information. In summary, the proposed model enables an efficient encoding system that ensures minimum unification to represent the observation capabilities of EO sensors. The model functions as a foundation for the efficient discovery of EO sensors. In addition, the definition and development of this proposed EO sensor observation capability metadata model is a helpful step in extending the Sensor Model Language (SensorML 2.0 Profile for the description of the observation capabilities of EO sensors.

  2. Electro-optic architecture for servicing sensors and actuators in advanced aircraft propulsion systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poppel, G. L.; Glasheen, W. M.

    1989-06-01

    A detailed design of a fiber optic propulsion control system, integrating favored sensors and electro-optics architecture is presented. Layouts, schematics, and sensor lists describe an advanced fighter engine system model. Components and attributes of candidate fiber optic sensors are identified, and evaluation criteria are used in a trade study resulting in favored sensors for each measurand. System architectural ground rules were applied to accomplish an electro-optics architecture for the favored sensors. A key result was a considerable reduction in signal conductors. Drawings, schematics, specifications, and printed circuit board layouts describe the detailed system design, including application of a planar optical waveguide interface.

  3. Designing Dependable Service Oriented Web Services Security Architectures Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    M.Upendra Kumar; Dr.D.Sravan Kumar

    2010-01-01

    System Security Architecture from a software engineering viewpoint imposes that strong security must be a guiding principle of the entire software development process. It describes a way to weave security into systems architecture, and it identifies common patterns of implementation found in most security products. The security and software engineering communities must find ways to develop software correctly in a timely and cost-effective fashion. There’s no substitute for working software se...

  4. A new architecture of current-mode CMOS TDI Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Cheng; Chen, Yongping

    2015-10-01

    Nowadays, CMOS sensors still suffer from the problem of low SNR, especially in the stage of low illumination and high relative scanning velocity. Lots of methods have been develop to overcome this problem. Among these researches, TDI (Time Delay Integration) architecture is a more natural choice, which is natively supported by CCD sensors. In this paper a new kind of proposed current-mode sensor is used to achieve TDI operation in analog domain. The circuit is composed of three main parts. At first, a current-type pixel is proposed, in which the active MOSFET is operated in the triode region to ensure the output current is linearly dependent on the gate voltage and avoid the reduction of threshold voltage in the traditional voltage mode pixels, such as 3T, 4T which use the source followers as its active part. Then a discrete double sampling (DDS) unit, which is operated in the form of currents is used to efficiently reduce the fixed pattern noise (FPN) and make the output is independent of reset voltage of pixels. For accumulation, an improved current mirror adder under controlled of timing circuits is proposed to overcome the problem of saturation suffered in voltage domain. Some main noise sources, especially come from analog sample and holds capacitors and switches is analyzed. Finally, simulation results with CSMC 0.5um technology and Cadence IC show that the proposed method is reasonable and efficient to improve the SNR.

  5. GeoCENS: A Geospatial Cyberinfrastructure for the World-Wide Sensor Web

    OpenAIRE

    Steve H.L. Liang; Chih-Yuan Huang

    2013-01-01

    The world-wide sensor web has become a very useful technique for monitoring the physical world at spatial and temporal scales that were previously impossible. Yet we believe that the full potential of sensor web has thus far not been revealed. In order to harvest the world-wide sensor web's full potential, a geospatial cyberinfrastructure is needed to store, process, and deliver large amount of sensor data collected worldwide. In this paper, we first define the issue of the sensor web long ta...

  6. Development of a Dynamic Web Mapping Service for Vegetation Productivity Using Earth Observation and in situ Sensors in a Sensor Web Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sytze de Bruin

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the development of a sensor web based approach which combines earth observation and in situ sensor data to derive typical information offered by a dynamic web mapping service (WMS. A prototype has been developed which provides daily maps of vegetation productivity for the Netherlands with a spatial resolution of 250 m. Daily available MODIS surface reflectance products and meteorological parameters obtained through a Sensor Observation Service (SOS were used as input for a vegetation productivity model. This paper presents the vegetation productivity model, the sensor data sources and the implementation of the automated processing facility. Finally, an evaluation is made of the opportunities and limitations of sensor web based approaches for the development of web services which combine both satellite and in situ sensor sources.

  7. Solving Web-based Applications Architectural Problems in the Cloud: The Way Forward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Achimugu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Highly-available and scalable software systems can be a complex and expensive proposition. Traditional scalable software architectures have not only needed to implement complex solutions to ensure high levels of reliability, but have also required an accurate forecast of traffic to provide a high level of customer service. This traditional software architecture is built around a common three-tier web application model that separates the architecture into presentation, business logic and database layers. This architecture has already been designed to scale out by adding additional hosts at these layers and has built-in performance, failover and availability features. Even with all these developments in architectural designs, some software still lacks in scalability, reliability and efficiency. This paper therefore examines the shortfalls of traditional software architectural problems with a view to addressing them using the cloud computing approach.

  8. WebSpy: An Architecture for Monitoring Web Server Availability in a Multi-Platform Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Madhan Mohan Thirukonda; Shirley Ann Becker

    2002-01-01

    For an electronic business (e-business), customer satisfaction can be the difference between long-term success and short-term failure. Customer satisfaction is highly impacted by Web server availability, as customers expect a Web site to be available twenty-four hours a day and seven days a week. Unfortunately, unscheduled Web server downtime is often beyond the control of the organization. What is needed is an effective means of identifying and recovering from Web server downtime in order to...

  9. Development of a Dynamic Web Mapping Service for Vegetation Productivity Using Earth Observation and in situ Sensors in a Sensor Web Based Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Sytze de Bruin; Beatus Chuma; Lammert Kooistra; Aldo Bergsma

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a sensor web based approach which combines earth observation and in situ sensor data to derive typical information offered by a dynamic web mapping service (WMS). A prototype has been developed which provides daily maps of vegetation productivity for the Netherlands with a spatial resolution of 250 m. Daily available MODIS surface reflectance products and meteorological parameters obtained through a Sensor Observation Service (SOS) were used as input fo...

  10. Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    INDRA is the first Information Technology company in Spain and it presents here, through a series of transparencies, its own approach for the remote experimentation architecture for long pulses (REAL). All the architecture is based on Java-2 platform standards and REAL is a totally open architecture. By itself REAL offers significant advantages: -) access authentication and authorization under multiple security implementations, -) local or remote network access: LAN, WAN, VPN..., -) on-line access to acquisition systems for monitoring and configuration, -) scalability, flexibility, robustness, platform independence,.... The BeansNet implementation of REAL gives additional good things such as: -) easy implementation, -) graphical tool for service composition and configuration, -) availability and hot-swap (no need of stopping or restarting services after update or remodeling, and -) INDRA support. The implementation of BeansNet at the TJ-2 stellarator at Ciemat is presented. This document is made of the presentation transparencies. (A.C.)

  11. A Web-enabled Architecture of Workflow Management System for Heterogeneous Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khurram Shahzad

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study architectural framework of workflow management system for heterogeneous and distributed environment has been proposed which incorporates web-enabled independent interface for clients to execute workflows. Some of the drawbacks and limitations of the traditional approaches are discussed; then architecture of flexible and platform independent simple workflow management system has been presented which is based on Java and internet technologies. Workflow engine and clients are implemented in Java. Workflow models are stored in relational database and the workflow engine accesses these models using JDBC interface. Standard browsers are used as web based clients to access the workflow system via HTTP protocol.

  12. Functionally independent components of prey capture are architecturally constrained in spider orb webs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackledge, Todd A; Eliason, Chad M

    2007-10-22

    Evolutionary conflict in trait performance under different ecological contexts is common, but may also arise from functional coupling between traits operating within the same context. Orb webs first intercept and then retain insects long enough to be attacked by spiders. Improving either function increases prey capture and they are largely determined by different aspects of web architecture. We manipulated the mesh width of orbs to investigate its effect, along with web size, on prey capture by spiders and found that they functioned independently. Probability of prey capture increased with web size but was not affected by mesh width. Conversely, spiders on narrow-meshed webs were almost three times more likely to capture energetically profitable large insects, which demand greater prey retention. Yet, the two functions are still constrained during web spinning because increasing mesh width maximizes web size and hence interception, while retention is improved by decreasing mesh width because more silk adheres to insects. The architectural coupling between prey interception and retention has probably played a key role in both the macroevolution of orb web shape and the expression of plasticity in the spinning behaviours of spiders. PMID:17609173

  13. Web Service Clients on Mobile Android Devices :A Study on Architectural Alternatives and Client Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Knutsen, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies Android, a new open source software stack initiated by Google, and the possibilities of developing a mobile client for MPower, a service oriented architecture platform based upon SOAP messaging. The study focuses on the architectural alternatives, their impacts on the mobile client application, Android’s performance on SOAP messaging, and how Web services’ design can be optimized to give well performing Android clients. The results from this study shows how differen...

  14. Extended Architecture of Web Crawler on Enhancement in Web Crawler using Weighted Page Rank Algorithm based on VOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachin Gupta

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available As the World Wide Web is growing rapidly day by day, the number of web pages is increasing into millions and trillions around the world. To make searching much easier for users, search engines came into existence. Web search engines are used to find specific information on the World Wide Web. Without search engines, it would be almost impossible for us to locate anything on the Web unless or until we know a specific URL address. Every search engine maintains a central repository or databases of HTML documents in indexed form. Whenever a user query comes, searching is performed within that database of indexed web pages. The size of repository of every search engine can’t accommodate each and every page available on the WWW. So it is desired that only the most relevant and important pages are stored in the database to increase the efficiency of search engines. This database of HTML documents is maintained by special software called “Crawler”. A Crawler is software that traverses the web and downloads web pages. Web Crawlers are also known as “Spiders”, “Robots”, “Bots”, “Agents” and “Automatic Harvesters / Indexers” etc. Broad search engines as well as many more specialized search tools rely on web crawlers to acquire large collections of pages for indexing and analysis. Since the Web is a distributed, dynamic and rapidly growing information resource, a crawler cannot download all pages. It is almost impossible for crawlers to crawl the whole web pages from World Wide Web. In today’s dynamic world, Crawlers crawls only fraction of web pages from World Wide Web. So a crawler should observe that the fraction of pages crawled must be most relevant and the most important ones, not just random pages. The crawler is an important module of a search engine. The quality of a crawler directly affects the searching quality of search engines. In our Work, we propose an extended architecture of crawler of search engine, to crawl only relevant and important pages from WWW, which will lead to reduced sever overheads. With our proposed architecture we will also be optimizing the crawled data by removing least or never browsed pages data. The crawler needs a very large memory space of database for storing page content etc, by not storing irrelevant and unimportant pages and removing never accessed pages, we will be saving a lot of memory space that will eventually speed up the searches (queries from the database. In our approach, we propose to use Weighted page Rank based on visits of links algorithm to sort the search results, which will reduce the search space for users, by providing mostly visited pages links on the top of search results list. We present web crawler architecture of the system and describe efficient techniques for achieving high performance. The dynamic nature of the WWW makes it a challenge to find quality information. Intelligent crawlers can complement the power of search engines to meet this challenge.

  15. Intelligent Information Retrieval and Web Mining Architecture Using SOA

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Bathy, Naser Ibrahim

    2010-01-01

    The study of this dissertation provides a solution to a very specific problem instance in the area of data mining, data warehousing, and service-oriented architecture in publishing and newspaper industries. The research question focuses on the integration of data mining and data warehousing. The research problem focuses on the development of…

  16. Web based system architecture for long pulse remote experimentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Remote experimentation (RE) methods will be essential in next generation fusion devices. Requirements for long pulse RE will be: on-line data visualization, on-line data acquisition processes monitoring and on-line data acquisition systems interactions (start, stop or set-up modifications). Note that these methods are not oriented to real-time control of fusion plant devices. INDRA Sistemas S.A., CIEMAT (Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas) and UPM (Universidad Politecnica de Madrid) have designed a specific software architecture for these purposes. The architecture can be supported on the BeansNet platform, whose integration with an application server provides an adequate solution to the requirements. BeansNet is a JINI based framework developed by INDRA, which makes easy the implementation of a remote experimentation model based on a Service Oriented Architecture. The new software architecture has been designed on the basis of the experience acquired in the development of an upgrade of the TJ-II remote experimentation system.

  17. Intelligent Information Retrieval and Web Mining Architecture Using SOA

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Bathy, Naser Ibrahim

    2010-01-01

    The study of this dissertation provides a solution to a very specific problem instance in the area of data mining, data warehousing, and service-oriented architecture in publishing and newspaper industries. The research question focuses on the integration of data mining and data warehousing. The research problem focuses on the development of…

  18. Web Based System Architecture for Long Pulse Remote Experimentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Remote experimentation methods will be essential in next generation fusion devices. Requirements for long pulse operation will be the real-time visualization of data, the real-time monitoring of data acquisition processes and the real-time interaction with data acquisition systems (start, stop or set-up modifications). INDRA Sistemas S.A., CIEMAT and UPM (polytechnic university of Madrid) have designed a specific software architecture for these purposes. The architecture is based on the BeansNet platform, whose integration with an application server provides a proper solution to the requirements. BeansNet is a JINI based framework developed by INDRA, which makes easy the implementation of a remote participation model based on a Service Oriented Architecture. BeansNet and its interaction with the Messaging Services provides the users with the information acquired by real time acquisition systems, with no further delay than the derived from the information transmission over the network, depending on its bandwidth. The new software architecture has been designed based on the existing experience with the TJ-II remote experimentation system. In that case, different aspects of remote participation in experiments from distributed environments were addressed, as remote configuration of data acquisition systems or user authentication. The new design allows the required real-time interactions within a secure environment and with an easy system administration. (authors)

  19. Namibian Flood Early Warning SensorWeb Pilot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Policelli, Fritz; Frye, Stuart; Cappelare, Pat; Langenhove, Guido Van; Szarzynski, Joerg; Sohlberg, Rob

    2010-01-01

    The major goal of the Namibia SensorWeb Pilot Project is a scientifically sound, operational trans-boundary flood management decision support system for Southern African region to provide useful flood and waterborne disease forecasting tools for local decision makers. The Pilot Project established under the auspices of: Namibian Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry (MAWF), Department of Water Affairs; Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS), Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS); and moderated by the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER). The effort consists of identifying and prototyping technology which enables the rapid gathering and dissemination of both space-based and ground sensor data and data products for the purpose of flood disaster management and water-borne disease management.

  20. Implementing wireless sensor networks for architectural heritage conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Garrido, M. I.; Aparicio, S.; Fort, R.; Izquierdo, M. A. G.; Anaya, J. J.

    2012-04-01

    Preventive conservation in architectural heritage is one of the most important aims for the development and implementation of new techniques to assess decay, lending to reduce damage before it has occurred and reducing costs in the long term. For that purpose, it is necessary to know all aspects influencing in decay evolution depending on the material under study and its internal and external conditions. Wireless sensor networks are an emerging technology and a minimally invasive technique. The use of these networks facilitates data acquisition and monitoring of a large number of variables that could provoke material damages, such as presence of harmful compounds like salts, dampness, etc. The current project presents different wireless sensors networks (WSN) and sensors used to fulfill the requirements for a complete analysis of main decay agents in a Renaissance church of the 16th century in Madrid (Spain). Current typologies and wireless technologies are studied establishing the most suitable system and the convenience of each one. Firstly, it is very important to consider that microclimate is in close correlation with material deterioration. Therefore a temperature(T) and relative humidity (RH)/moisture network has been developed, using ZigBee wireless communications protocols, and monitoring different points along the church surface. These points are recording RH/T differences depending on the height and the sensor location (inside the material or on the surface). On the other hand, T/RH button sensors have been used, minimizing aesthetical interferences, and concluding which is the most advisable way for monitoring these specific parameters. Due to the fact that microclimate is a complex phenomenon, it is necessary to examine spatial distribution and time evolution at the same time. This work shows both studies since the development expects a long term monitoring. A different wireless network has been deployed to study the effects of pollution caused by other active systems such as a forced-air heating system, the parishioners presence or feasts and other ventilation conditions. Finally weather conditions are registered through a weather station. Outside and inside conditions are compared to incorporate data to the network for a later decay modeling.

  1. Text Mining-Based Semantic Web Architecture (TMSWA for e-Learning Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamad Ibrahim

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights semantic web techniques and proposes architecture for e-Learning-based systems for the academic portal. Text mining is used with the proposed model for better processing of unstructured data available in XML and RDF formats. An algorithm will be used to support building a web retrieval system to extract the hidden knowledge for the semantic web by ontologies for e-learning items to classify and find the relationships between the leaning items via the academic portal.

  2. A Prototype Land Information Sensor Web: Design, Implementation and Synthetic Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, H.; Houser, P.; Tian, Y.; Kumar, S.; Geiger, J.; Belvedere, D.

    2008-12-01

    To meet future earth system science challenges, NASA will develop constellations of smart satellites in sensor web configurations that provide timely on-demand data and analysis to users, and that be reconfigured based on the changing needs of science and available technology. A sensor web is more than a collection of satellite sensors. According to a most recent definition by NASA/AIST 2007 Sensor Web investigator meeting, "A Sensor Web is a coherent set of heterogeneous, loosely-coupled, distributed nodes, interconnected by a communications fabric that can collectively behave as a single dynamically adaptive and reconfigurable observing system". That means, a sensor web is a system composed of multiple platforms interconnected by a communication network for the purpose of performing specific observations and processing data required to support specific science goals. Sensor webs can eclipse the value of disparate sensor components by reducing response time and increasing scientific value, especially when integrated with science analysis, data assimilation, prediction modeling and decision support tools. The study of a prototype Land Information Sensor Web (LISW) is sponsored by NASA, trying to integrate the Land Information System (LIS) in a sensor web framework which allows for optimal 2-way information flow that enhances land surface modeling using sensor web observations, and in turn allows sensor web reconfiguration to minimize overall system uncertainty. This prototype is based on a simulated interactive sensor web, which is then used to exercise and optimize the sensor web - modeling interfaces. These synthetic experiments provide a controlled environment in which to examine the end-to-end performance of the prototype, the impact of various design sensor web design trade-offs and the eventual value of sensor webs for particular prediction or decision support. The Study of virtual Land Information Sensor Web (LISW) is expected to provide some necessary priori knowledge for designing and deploying the next generation Global Earth Observing System of systems (GEOSS). In this paper, the design, implementation and synthetic experiments, which were achieved from the LISW study, will be presented.

  3. Sensor Webs: Autonomous Rapid Response to Monitor Transient Science Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Dan; Grosvenor, Sandra; Frye, Stu; Sherwood, Robert; Chien, Steve; Davies, Ashley; Cichy, Ben; Ingram, Mary Ann; Langley, John; Miranda, Felix

    2005-01-01

    To better understand how physical phenomena, such as volcanic eruptions, evolve over time, multiple sensor observations over the duration of the event are required. Using sensor web approaches that integrate original detections by in-situ sensors and global-coverage, lower-resolution, on-orbit assets with automated rapid response observations from high resolution sensors, more observations of significant events can be made with increased temporal, spatial, and spectral resolution. This paper describes experiments using Earth Observing 1 (EO-1) along with other space and ground assets to implement progressive mission autonomy to identify, locate and image with high resolution instruments phenomena such as wildfires, volcanoes, floods and ice breakup. The software that plans, schedules and controls the various satellite assets are used to form ad hoc constellations which enable collaborative autonomous image collections triggered by transient phenomena. This software is both flight and ground based and works in concert to run all of the required assets cohesively and includes software that is model-based, artificial intelligence software.

  4. Extending MOOC ecosystems using web services and software architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz-Benito, Juan; Borrás Gené, Oriol; Francisco José GARCÍA-PEÑALVO; Fidalgo Blanco, Ángel; Therón Sánchez, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    [EN]This paper present a research project that tries to extend the MOOC ecosystems by integrating external tools like social networks. This integration is developed by using a software architecture that mediate between the different systems and platforms establishing communication workflows and analyzing the information retrieved. This kind of system is applied in a real case, and it allows teachers and managers of the MOOC platform to get enhanced information and insights abou...

  5. Patrones arquitectónicos sobre usabilidad en el dominio de las aplicaciones web / Architectural patterns regarding web application domain usability

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Luis, Arciniegas Herrera; María Verónica, Fernández de Valdenebro; María Amparo, Hormiga Juspian; Aleyda, Tulande Arroyo; Cesar Alberto, Collazos Ordoñez.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de las aplicaciones web, la usabilidad es una de las características de calidad con gran impacto en la aceptación por parte del usuario final. Sin embargo, la relación entre la usabilidad y la arquitectura del software no ha sido totalmente identificada y caracterizada. Algunos trabaj [...] os han encontrado algunas relaciones de la usabilidad con la arquitectura pero no con patrones arquitectónicos. La principal contribución de este artículo es la identificación de los patrones arquitectónicos y en qué medida éstos impactan en las propiedades de usabilidad en el contexto de las aplicaciones web. Este estudio tiene dos utilidades principales: la primera, para los arquitectos y diseñadores de nuevos productos, en la identificación temprana (a nivel de arquitectura) de posibles problemas o ventajas al usar algunos de ellos en una aplicación web; además, los arquitectos podrían identificar debilidades en el diseño inicial, incrementando la satisfacción del usuario final. Y la segunda, cuando una aplicación web está sido evaluada desde el punto de vista de la usabilidad, la detección de posibles problemas o debilidades implica que ésta deba ser mejorada, lo que conlleva a realizar cambios en la aplicación, en las interfaces y a nivel de su arquitectura, en este caso, los patrones permiten relacionar el problema y sugerir la solución más adecuada. El impacto de los patrones arquitectónicos estudiados en este trabajo han sido validados con dos pequeñas y medianas empresas (PyMes) colombianas, las cuales han ejercitado algunos de los patrones propuestos verificando su influencia en las propiedades de la usabilidad. Abstract in english Usability is one of the quality characteristics having the greatest impact on final user acceptation in a web application context. However, the relationship between usability and software architecture has not been completely identified and characterised. Some work has found some relationships betwee [...] n usability and architecture but not between architectural patterns. This paper´s main contribution lies in its identification of architecture patterns and how they have influenced usability within the context of web applications. This study is useful for architects and new product designers regarding the early identification of possible problems and/or advantages (at architectural level), using some of them in a web application. Additionally, architects could identify weaknesses in initial designs thereby increasing final user satisfaction. The study could be useful when a web application is being evaluated, since detecting possible usability problems or weaknesses implies that it should be improved. Consequently, some changes would be made to the application, both in its interfaces and at architectural level. In this case, the problem can be related and the most suitable solution be suggested in terms of patterns. The impact of this work´s architectural pattern has been validated on two Colombian small- and medium-sized enterprises which have exercised some of the proposed patterns and verified their influence on usability properties.

  6. Interacting with semantic web data through an automatic information architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Brunetti Fernández, Josep Maria

    2013-01-01

    La proliferació d'iniciatives de publicació de dades com Linked Open Data ha incrementat la quantitat de dades semàntiques disponibles per analitzar i reutilitzar, però en molts casos és molt difícil pels usuaris explorar i utilitzar aquestes dades quan no tenen experiència en tecnologies de Web Semàntica. La nostra contribució per a solventar aquest problema és aplicar el Visual Information-Seeking Mantra: “Primer una visió general, enfocar i filtrar, després detalls sota demanda”, implemen...

  7. Web Service Architecture for a Meta Search Engine

    OpenAIRE

    Srinivas, K.; P. V.S. Srinivas; A. GOVARDHAN

    2011-01-01

    With the rapid advancements in Information Technology, Information Retrieval on Internet is gaining its importance day by day. Nowadays there are millions of Websites and billions of homepages available on the Internet. Search Engines are the essential tools for the purpose of retrieving the required information from the Web. But the existing search engines have many problems such as not having wide scope, imbalance in accessing the sites etc. So, the effectiveness of a search engine plays a ...

  8. A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs

    CERN Document Server

    Naghavi, Mehdi; 10.5121/iju.2012.3102

    2012-01-01

    Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on the society`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuously online investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses the obtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

  9. A Proposed Architecture for Continuous Web Monitoring Through Online Crawling of Blogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Naghavi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Getting informed of what is registered in the Web space on time, can greatly help the psychologists, marketers and political analysts to familiarize, analyse, make decision and act correctly based on thesociety`s different needs. The great volume of information in the Web space hinders us to continuouslyonline investigate the whole space of the Web. Focusing on the considered blogs limits our working domain and makes the online crawling in the Web space possible. In this article, an architecture is offered which continuously online crawls the related blogs, using focused crawler, and investigates and analyses theobtained data. The online fetching is done based on the latest announcements of the ping server machines. A weighted graph is formed based on targeting the important key phrases, so that a focused crawler can do the fetching of the complete texts of the related Web pages, based on the weighted graph.

  10. Evaluating the Instructional Architecture of Web-Based Learning Tools (WBLTs): Direct Instruction vs. Constructivism Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Robin

    2013-01-01

    Web-based learning tools (WBLTs), also known as learning objects, have been evaluated with a wide range of metrics, but rarely with respect to pedagogical design. The current study evaluated the impact of instructional architecture (direct instruction vs. constructive-based) on middle (n = 333)

  11. Web-Based Interface for Command and Control of Network Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallick, Michael N.; Doubleday, Joshua R.; Shams, Khawaja S.

    2010-01-01

    This software allows for the visualization and control of a network of sensors through a Web browser interface. It is currently being deployed for a network of sensors monitoring Mt. Saint Helen s volcano; however, this innovation is generic enough that it can be deployed for any type of sensor Web. From this interface, the user is able to fully control and monitor the sensor Web. This includes, but is not limited to, sending "test" commands to individual sensors in the network, monitoring for real-world events, and reacting to those events

  12. A novel architecture for information retrieval system based on semantic web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hui

    2011-12-01

    Nowadays, the web has enabled an explosive growth of information sharing (there are currently over 4 billion pages covering most areas of human endeavor) so that the web has faced a new challenge of information overhead. The challenge that is now before us is not only to help people locating relevant information precisely but also to access and aggregate a variety of information from different resources automatically. Current web document are in human-oriented formats and they are suitable for the presentation, but machines cannot understand the meaning of document. To address this issue, Berners-Lee proposed a concept of semantic web. With semantic web technology, web information can be understood and processed by machine. It provides new possibilities for automatic web information processing. A main problem of semantic web information retrieval is that when these is not enough knowledge to such information retrieval system, the system will return to a large of no sense result to uses due to a huge amount of information results. In this paper, we present the architecture of information based on semantic web. In addiction, our systems employ the inference Engine to check whether the query should pose to Keyword-based Search Engine or should pose to the Semantic Search Engine.

  13. SEAMONSTER: A wireless Sensor Web prototype applied to studying glaciated watersheds (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heavner, M.; Fatland, D. R.; Hood, E. W.; Connor, C. L.

    2009-12-01

    The SouthEast Alaska MOnitoring Network for Science, Telecommunications, Education and Research (SEAMONSTER) Sensor Web is operating in partially glaciated watersheds on the margin of the Juneau Ice Field. Data from distributed, heterogeneous sensors with irregular sampling rates is integrated in a PostGIS (PostgreSQL with GIS extensions) database. Data discovery, data browsing, the sensor web operation and management, and education and publication are facilitated by the integration of the PostGIS database and Geoserver to deliver dynamically generated geospatial output. This presentation will focus on the technology developed to operate the SEAMONSTER sensor web and lessons learned regarding sensing the data using networking both internal and external to the sensor web. We will present examples of data fusion, modeling and reanalysis of the data using Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards, and present future plans to enhance the testbed nature and capabilities of the SEAMONSTER Sensor Web.

  14. A Scalable and Sustainable Web of Buildings Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Bovet, Gérôme

    2015-01-01

    Buildings are increasingly equipped with dedicated automation networks, aiming to reduce the energy consumption and to optimize the comfort. On the other hand, we see the arrival of sensors and actuators related to the Internet of Things, which can naturally connect to IP networks. Due to constraints imposed by the obsolescence or physical properties of buildings, it is not uncommon that different technologies have to coexist. These networks operate with different models and protocols, making...

  15. Analysis of the Architecture of VoIP and SIP to design a secured browser based web phone

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmood, Syed

    2011-01-01

    Mahmood, Syed 2011. Research on analysis of the architecture of VoIP and SIP to design a secured browser based web phone. Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences. Business and Culture. 2 Appendices. Pages 59. The objectives of the research were to analyze fundamental architecture of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and the working mechanism and architecture of Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) to design secured browser based web phone. To accomplish the objectives of the research, e...

  16. DEPENDABLE PRIVACY REQUIREMENTS BY AGILE MODELED LAYERED SECURITY ARCHITECTURES – WEB SERVICES CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Upendra Kumar

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Software Engineering covers the definition of processes, techniques and models suitable for its environment to guarantee quality of results. An important design artifact in any software development project is the Software Architecture. Software Architecture’s important part is the set of architectural design rules. A primary goal of the architecture is to capture the architecture design decisions. An important part of these design decisions consists of architectural design rules In an MDA (Model-Driven Architecture context, the design of the system architecture is captured in the models of the system. MDA is known to be layered approach for modeling the architectural design rules and uses design patterns to improve the quality of software system. And to include the security to the software system, security patterns are introduced that offer security at the architectural level. More over, agile software development methods are used to build secure systems. There are different methods defined in agile development as extreme programming (XP, scrum, feature driven development (FDD, test driven development (TDD, etc. Agile processing is includes the phases as agile analysis, agile design and agile testing. These phases are defined in layers of MDA to provide security at the modeling level which ensures that security at the system architecture stage will improve the requirements for that system. Agile modeled Layered Security Architectures increase the dependability of the architecture in terms of privacy requirements. We validate this with a case study of dependability of privacy of Web Services Security Architectures, which helps for secure service oriented security architecture. In this paper the major part is given to model architectural design rules using MDA so that architects and developers are responsible to automatic enforcement on the detailed design and easy to understand and use by both of them. This MDA approach is implemented in use of Agile strategy in three different phases covering three different layers to provide security to the system. With this procedure a premise conclusion has been given that with the system security the requirements for that system are improved. This paper summarizes that security is essential for every system at initial stage and upon introduction of security at middle stage must lead to the change in the system i.e., an improvement to system requirements.

  17. A New User Interface for On-Demand Customizable Data Products for Sensors in a SensorWeb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandl, Daniel; Cappelaere, Pat; Frye, Stuart; Sohlberg, Rob; Ly, Vuong; Chien, Steve; Sullivan, Don

    2011-01-01

    A SensorWeb is a set of sensors, which can consist of ground, airborne and space-based sensors interoperating in an automated or autonomous collaborative manner. The NASA SensorWeb toolbox, developed at NASA/GSFC in collaboration with NASA/JPL, NASA/Ames and other partners, is a set of software and standards that (1) enables users to create virtual private networks of sensors over open networks; (2) provides the capability to orchestrate their actions; (3) provides the capability to customize the output data products and (4) enables automated delivery of the data products to the users desktop. A recent addition to the SensorWeb Toolbox is a new user interface, together with web services co-resident with the sensors, to enable rapid creation, loading and execution of new algorithms for processing sensor data. The web service along with the user interface follows the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard called Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS). This presentation will detail the prototype that was built and how the WCPS was tested against a HyspIRI flight testbed and an elastic computation cloud on the ground with EO-1 data. HyspIRI is a future NASA decadal mission. The elastic computation cloud stores EO-1 data and runs software similar to Amazon online shopping.

  18. WebML and .NET Architecture for Developing Students Appointment Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.H.N.M. Nasir

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the application of Web Modeling Language (WebML in a Student Appointment Management System (SAMS to help students and lecturers arrange meetings in an effective and efficient way in a university or college environment. WebML is well designed for web applications and .NET four-tier architecture offers maximum functionality and flexibility in a heterogeneous, web based environment. Each WebML elements is transformed accordingly to Hypertext model as known as site views of SAMS is believed to work best in implementing an appointment management system and turning the traditional management approach into current web technology. Comparisons with existing similar systems are presented based on three typical quality attribute requirements for web applications: usability, performance and maintainability. The usability of SAMS is measured by applying the Goal-Question-Metrics (GQM approach in questionnaires to collect users’ opinions on the system, especially the interface, while the maintainability of this system is measured using the cyclomatic complexity technique. From the survey it is proven that SAMS fulfils the usability requirements as the results show that 67% of lecturers and 75% of students were satisfied with the overall system.

  19. Evolving the Web-Based Distributed SI/PDO Architecture for High-Performance Visualization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HOLMES,VICTOR P.; LINEBARGER,JOHN M.; MILLER,DAVID J.; VANDEWART,RUTHE LYNN; CROWLEY,CHARLES P.

    2000-08-16

    The Simulation Intranet/Product Database Operator (SI/PDO) project has developed a Web-based distributed object architecture for high performance scientific simulation. A Web-based Java interface guides designers through the design and analysis cycle via solid and analytical modeling, meshing, finite element simulation, and various forms of visualization. The SI/PDO architecture has evolved in steps towards satisfying Sandia's long-term goal of providing an end-to-end set of services for high fidelity full physics simulations in a high-performance, distributed, and distance computing environment. This paper describes the continuing evolution of the architecture to provide high-performance visualization services. Extensions to the SI/PDO architecture allow web access to visualization tools that run on MP systems. This architecture makes these tools more easily accessible by providing web-based interfaces and by shielding the user from the details of these computing environments. The design is a multi-tier architecture, where the Java-based GUI tier runs on a web browser and provides image display and control functions. The computation tier runs on MP machines. The middle tiers provide custom communication with MP machines, remote file selection, remote launching of services, load balancing, and machine selection. The architecture allows middleware of various types (CORBA, COM, RMI, sockets, etc.) to connect the tiers depending upon the situation. Testing of constantly developing visualization tools can be done in an environment where there are only two tiers which both run on desktop machines. This allows fast testing turnaround and does not use compute cycles on high-performance machines. Once the code and interfaces are tested, they are moved to high-performance machines, and new tiers are added to handle the problems of using these machines. Uniform interfaces are used throughout the tiers to allow this flexibility. Experiments test the appropriate level of interface: either a large set of specific function calls or a small set of generic function calls. This architecture is based on the goals and constraints of the environment: huge data volumes (that cannot be easily moved), use of multiple middleware protocols, MP platform portability, rapid development of the visualization tools, distributed resource management (of MP resources), and the use of existing visualization tools.

  20. A New Information Architecture, Web Site and Services for the CMS Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    The age and size of the CMS collaboration at the LHC means it now has many hundreds of inhomogeneous web sites and services and more than 100,000 documents. We describe a major initiative to create a single coherent CMS internal and public web site. This uses the Drupal web Content Management System (now supported by CERN/IT) on top of a standard LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and php/perl). The new navigation, content and search services are coherently integrated with numerous existing CERN services (CDS, EDMS, Indico, phonebook, Twiki) as well as many CMS internal Web services. We describe the information architecture; the system design, implementation and monitoring; the document and content database; security aspects; and our deployment strategy which ensured continual smooth operation of all systems at all times.

  1. Evaluation of a Heterogeneous Sensor Network Architecture for Highly Mobile Users

    OpenAIRE

    Jerker Delsing; Jens Eliasson; Rumen Kyusakov; Chen Zhong

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents experimental results of a heterogeneous sensor network architecture, which is a combination of a wireless sensor network and a personal area network. The proposed architecture uses the IEEE 802.15.4 standard to transmit sensor data to a sensor node which in turn forwards the data using TCP/IP to a database on the Internet via a Bluetooth-equipped mobile phone and the mobile telephone access network. The performance of the entire communication chain is evaluated. First, a 3...

  2. An Efficient PKC-Based Security Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Haque, Md Mokammel; Choi, Byung Goo; Hong, Choong Seon

    2007-01-01

    In spite of previous widely held belief of the incompatibility of public key cryptography (PKC) schemes for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), some recent works have shown that, PKC based schemes could be implemented for such networks in some ways. The major challenge of employing a PKC scheme in wireless sensor network is posed by the limitations of resources of the tiny sensors. Considering this feature of the sensors, in this paper, we propose an efficient PKC based security architecture with relatively less resource requirements than those of the other previously proposed PKC schemes for WSN. Our security architecture comprises basically of two parts; a key handshaking scheme based on simple linear operations and the derivation of decryption key by a receiver node. Our architecture allows both base-station-to-node or node-to-base-station secure communications, and node-to-node secure communications. Analysis and simulation results show that, our proposed architecture ensures a good level of security for com...

  3. Arquitectura de sistemas tecnológicos para la educación basada en Web / Technology System Architecture for Web-Based Education

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A, Canales-Cruz; R, Peredo-Valderrama; L, Balladares-Ocaña; I, Peredo-Valderrama; J.H., Sossa-Azuela.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta una nueva arquitectura para el desarrollo de sistemas de Educación Basada en Web. Estos sistemas se centran en el estudiante y se adaptan a sus necesidades personales de forma inteligente. La arquitectura se basa en la especificación IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology Sy [...] stem Architecture) y reúne a los modelos de desarrollo de software y diseño instruccional. Por una parte, el modelo de desarrollo de software se encuentra sustentado bajo un Sistema Multi-Agentes (MAS), emplea los métodos y técnicas de la Ingeniería de Dominio para el desarrollo de CARIOO (Componentes de Aprendizaje Reutilizables e Inteligentes Orientados a Objetos). Los CARIOO son un tipo especial de Objetos de Contenido Compartible de acuerdo a SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model). Por otra, el modelo de diseño instruccional incorpora un modelo mental como los Mapas Conceptuales (MC) para transmitir, construir y generar conocimientos adecuados a este tipo de ambiente. Abstract in english In this paper a new architecture for development of Web-Based Education systems is presented. The se systems are centered in the learner and adapted to their personals needs in intelligent form. The architecture is based on the IEEE 1484 LTSA (Learning Technology System Architecture) specification a [...] nd it assembles to software development and instructional design patterns. On the one hand, the software development pattern is supported under a Multi-Agents System, it employs the methods and technical of the Domain Engineering for development of IRLCOO (Intelligent Reusable Learning Components Object Oriented). IRLCOO are a special type of Sharable Content Object according to SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reusable Model). On the other hand, the instructional design pattern incorporates a mental model as the Conceptual Maps to transmit, build and generate appropriate knowledge to this educational environment type.

  4. An object- and task-oriented architecture for automated video surveillance in distributed sensor network

    OpenAIRE

    Monari, E.; Voth, S.; Kroschel, K.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, an agent-based software architecture for automated wide area video surveillance systems is presented. The proposed concept is designed for detection and tracking of moving objects across multiple camera views. The surveillance system consists of a decentralized collaborative sensor network with object- and task-oriented architecture. At sensor node level, image processing algorithms are applied for event and object detection. In case of detection (e. g. motion) an agent-based m...

  5. From Sensor to Observation Web with environmental enablers in the Future Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havlik, Denis; Schade, Sven; Sabeur, Zoheir A; Mazzetti, Paolo; Watson, Kym; Berre, Arne J; Mon, Jose Lorenzo

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines the grand challenges in global sustainability research and the objectives of the FP7 Future Internet PPP program within the Digital Agenda for Europe. Large user communities are generating significant amounts of valuable environmental observations at local and regional scales using the devices and services of the Future Internet. These communities' environmental observations represent a wealth of information which is currently hardly used or used only in isolation and therefore in need of integration with other information sources. Indeed, this very integration will lead to a paradigm shift from a mere Sensor Web to an Observation Web with semantically enriched content emanating from sensors, environmental simulations and citizens. The paper also describes the research challenges to realize the Observation Web and the associated environmental enablers for the Future Internet. Such an environmental enabler could for instance be an electronic sensing device, a web-service application, or even a social networking group affording or facilitating the capability of the Future Internet applications to consume, produce, and use environmental observations in cross-domain applications. The term "envirofied" Future Internet is coined to describe this overall target that forms a cornerstone of work in the Environmental Usage Area within the Future Internet PPP program. Relevant trends described in the paper are the usage of ubiquitous sensors (anywhere), the provision and generation of information by citizens, and the convergence of real and virtual realities to convey understanding of environmental observations. The paper addresses the technical challenges in the Environmental Usage Area and the need for designing multi-style service oriented architecture. Key topics are the mapping of requirements to capabilities, providing scalability and robustness with implementing context aware information retrieval. Another essential research topic is handling data fusion and model based computation, and the related propagation of information uncertainty. Approaches to security, standardization and harmonization, all essential for sustainable solutions, are summarized from the perspective of the Environmental Usage Area. The paper concludes with an overview of emerging, high impact applications in the environmental areas concerning land ecosystems (biodiversity), air quality (atmospheric conditions) and water ecosystems (marine asset management). PMID:22163827

  6. From Sensor to Observation Web with Environmental Enablers in the Future Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Lorenzo Mon

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines the grand challenges in global sustainability research and the objectives of the FP7 Future Internet PPP program within the Digital Agenda for Europe. Large user communities are generating significant amounts of valuable environmental observations at local and regional scales using the devices and services of the Future Internet. These communities’ environmental observations represent a wealth of information which is currently hardly used or used only in isolation and therefore in need of integration with other information sources. Indeed, this very integration will lead to a paradigm shift from a mere Sensor Web to an Observation Web with semantically enriched content emanating from sensors, environmental simulations and citizens. The paper also describes the research challenges to realize the Observation Web and the associated environmental enablers for the Future Internet. Such an environmental enabler could for instance be an electronic sensing device, a web-service application, or even a social networking group affording or facilitating the capability of the Future Internet applications to consume, produce, and use environmental observations in cross-domain applications. The term “envirofied” Future Internet is coined to describe this overall target that forms a cornerstone of work in the Environmental Usage Area within the Future Internet PPP program. Relevant trends described in the paper are the usage of ubiquitous sensors (anywhere, the provision and generation of information by citizens, and the convergence of real and virtual realities to convey understanding of environmental observations. The paper addresses the technical challenges in the Environmental Usage Area and the need for designing multi-style service oriented architecture. Key topics are the mapping of requirements to capabilities, providing scalability and robustness with implementing context aware information retrieval. Another essential research topic is handling data fusion and model based computation, and the related propagation of information uncertainty. Approaches to security, standardization and harmonization, all essential for sustainable solutions, are summarized from the perspective of the Environmental Usage Area. The paper concludes with an overview of emerging, high impact applications in the environmental areas concerning land ecosystems (biodiversity, air quality (atmospheric conditions and water ecosystems (marine asset management.

  7. HABILITAMIENTO DE LA WEB PARA MANEJO DE INFORMACIÓN DE GEOSENSORES: SERVICIO DE OBSERVACIÓN DE SENSORES Y SERVICIO DE PLANIFICACIÓN DE SENSORES. UNA MIRADA HACIA SENSOR GRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JUAN FEDERICO GÓMEZ ESTUPIÑAN

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN ANALÍTICO Este artículo contiene una visión general sobre redes inalámbricas de sensores y específicamente las redes inalámbricas de geosensores, las cuales permiten el manejo de información geográfca. Se presenta una descripción general de las especifcaciones y servicios de Sensor Web Enablement SWE que desarrolla el concepto de habilitamiento de la web para sensores y es una iniciativa del Open Geospatial Consortium OGC, entidad que tiene como propósito fundamental la defnición de estándares abiertos e interoperables para el manejo de información geográfca. Se particularizan dos de los servicios ofrecidos por SWE como son el Servicio de Observación de Sensores (Sensor Observation Service SOS, que permite el acceso a la web para consultar información recopilada por los sensores y descripciones técnicas de sensores o plataformas de sensores, y el Servicio de Planifcación de Sensores (Sensor Planning Service SPS que facilita la consulta de las capacidades de los sensores y la gestión de las peticiones y transacciones de datos. Se describen aspectos básicos sobre computación Grid vista como una estrategia para crear una infraestructura que permite compartir recursos y potencia computacional. Se da una mirada a Sensor Grid que es una estrategia que integra los conceptos de redes inalámbricas de sensores y computación grid, para aprovechar las posibilidades que ofrecen ambos enfoques. ANALYTICAL SUMMARY This article contains an overview of wireless sensor networks and specifcally wireless geosensor networks, which allow the management of geographic information. It presents an overview of Sensor Web Enablement SWE specifcations and services, which develops the concept of web enablement for sensors and is an initiative of the Open Geospatial Consortium OGC, an entity whose main purpose is the defnition of open and interoperable standards for geographic information management. It particularize two of the services offered by SWE such as the Sensor Observation Service SOS, which allows access Web to obtain information collected by sensors and technical descriptions of sensors or sensor platforms, and Sensor Planning Service SPS which facilitate the consultation the sensor capabilities and the management of data requests and transactions. It describes basic aspects of Grid Computing seen as a strategy to create an infrastructure to share resources and computing power. It gives a look to Sensor Grid which is a strategy that integrates the concepts of wireless sensor networks and grid computing, to exploit the potential of both approaches.

  8. A Web-based DSS Architecture and its Forecasting Core in Supply Chain Management

    OpenAIRE

    Tien-You Wang; Din-Horng Yeh

    2009-01-01

    In a competitive market environment, supply chain management (SCM) has been critical for companies to survive. Demand planning plays an important role in SCM, for it provides accurate demand forecasts which may achieve customer satisfaction by offering benefits such as low inventory level, short lead time, efficient resource allocation, and quick response. To obtain more accurate forecasts, this study presents a web-based Decision Support System (DSS) architecture and its forecasting core. Th...

  9. Distributed Web Service Architecture Towards Robotic Speech Communication: A Vietnamese Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Nhut M. Pham; Dau, Duong N.H.; Vu, Quan H.

    2013-01-01

    Robotics is emerging as one of the most prominent research areas in the world and is recently attracting the Vietnamese research community. For the purpose of determining an entrance for a Vietnamese human interacting robotics system, this paper is aimed at proposing a service?oriented architecture for location assistance robotic systems made out of loosely?coupled and distributed web services. The proposed platform consists of two major components: a Speech Processing System (SPS) and a Serv...

  10. Electro-optic architecture (EOA) for sensors and actuators in aircraft propulsion systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glomb, W. L., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Results of a study to design an optimal architecture for electro-optical sensing and control in advanced aircraft and space systems are described. The propulsion full authority digital Electronic Engine Control (EEC) was the focus for the study. The recommended architecture is an on-engine EEC which contains electro-optic interface circuits for fiber-optic sensors on the engine. Size and weight are reduced by multiplexing arrays of functionally similar sensors on a pair of optical fibers to common electro-optical interfaces. The architecture contains common, multiplex interfaces to seven sensor groups: (1) self luminous sensors; (2) high temperatures; (3) low temperatures; (4) speeds and flows; (5) vibration; (6) pressures; and (7) mechanical positions. Nine distinct fiber-optic sensor types were found to provide these sensing functions: (1) continuous wave (CW) intensity modulators; (2) time division multiplexing (TDM) digital optic codeplates; (3) time division multiplexing (TDM) analog self-referenced sensors; (4) wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) digital optic code plates; (5) wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) analog self-referenced intensity modulators; (6) analog optical spectral shifters; (7) self-luminous bodies; (8) coherent optical interferometers; and (9) remote electrical sensors. The report includes the results of a trade study including engine sensor requirements, environment, the basic sensor types, and relevant evaluation criteria. These figures of merit for the candidate interface types were calculated from the data supplied by leading manufacturers of fiber-optic sensors.

  11. Robust Networking Architecture and Secure Communication Scheme for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeal, McKenzie, III.

    2012-01-01

    Current networking architectures and communication protocols used for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been designed to be energy efficient, low latency, and long network lifetime. One major issue that must be addressed is the security in data communication. Due to the limited capabilities of low cost and small sized sensor nodes, designing…

  12. ARCHITECTURE AND FUNCTIONALITY OF WEB-MULTIMEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA OF «HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY» ??????????? ?? ???????????????? WEB – ??????????? ???????????? «??????? ??????????»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?.?. ????????

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The urgency of the material, presented in the article, is caused by the need for the implementation of the triple-subject didactic model of a modern teacher training and formation of informatical competences of the future teachers of primary education. WEB-multimedia encyclopedia “History of pedagogy” (http://webhp.ksu.ks.ua assigns an ideology of the new educational instruments and it is capable not only to provide with the course mastering on a high level, but also to update the content of training course constantly (due to creation and use of new components, it is essential to intensify the process of knowledge, and also to support the individual trajectory of training.???????????? ?????????, ??????????? ? ??????, ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????’?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????. WEB-??????????? ???????????? «??????? ??????????» (http://webhp.ksu.ks.ua ????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????, ??? ? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???????? (?? ??????? ????????? ? ???????????? ????? ???????????, ??????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????, ? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????.

  13. Reliable Fiber Sensor System with Star-Ring-Bus Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Kuan-Yan Huang; Jun-Bo Wang; Peng-Chun Peng

    2010-01-01

    This work presents a novel star-ring-bus sensor system and demonstrates its effectiveness. The main trunk of the proposed sensor system is a star topology and the sensing branches comprise a series of bus subnets. Any weakness in the reliability of the sensor system is overcome by adding remote nodes and switches to the ring and bus subnets. To construct the proposed star-ring-bus sensor system, a fiber ring laser scheme is used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the sensor system. The p...

  14. Architectural Based Data Aggregation Techniques in Wireless Sensor Network: A Comparative Study

    OpenAIRE

    Kiran Maraiya,; Kamal Kant; Nitin Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Data aggregation is very crucial techniques in wireless sensor network. Because with the help of data aggregation we reduce the energy consumption by eliminating redundancy .when wireless sensor network deployed in remote area or hostile environment. In the wireless sensor network have most challenging task is life time so with help of data aggregation we can enhance the lifetime of the network .In this paper we discuss the architectural based efficient data aggregation. And also discuss the ...

  15. Future Unified Communication Based on Ubiquitous Hierarchical Generalized-Sensor Network Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Zhitong Huang; Yuefeng Ji

    2012-01-01

    Recent advances in wireless sensor network (WSN) and radio frequency identifier (RFID) have made it possible to extend current human-to-human communication to the future unified communication environment among human society, computer network and the external physical world. A ubiquitous hierarchical generalized-sensor network (UHGSN) is presented in this paper as a typical network model for such unified communication architecture. The sensor information processing unit and the hierarchical di...

  16. Design and Implementation of an Architectural Framework for Web Portals in a Ubiquitous Pervasive Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wun-Cheol Jeong

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Web Portals function as a single point of access to information on the World Wide Web (WWW. The web portal always contacts the portal’s gateway for the information flow that causes network traffic over the Internet. Moreover, it provides real time/dynamic access to the stored information, but not access to the real time information. This inherent functionality of web portals limits their role for resource constrained digital devices in the Ubiquitous era (U-era. This paper presents a framework for the web portal in the U-era. We have introduced the concept of Local Regions in the proposed framework, so that the local queries could be solved locally rather than having to route them over the Internet. Moreover, our framework enables one-to-one device communication for real time information flow. To provide an in-depth analysis, firstly, we provide an analytical model for query processing at the servers for our framework-oriented web portal. At the end, we have deployed a testbed, as one of the world’s largest IP based wireless sensor networks testbed, and real time measurements are observed that prove the efficacy and workability of the proposed framework.

  17. Data fusion system architecture for unattended ground sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Junliang; Zhao, Yuming

    1998-03-01

    In this paper, it develops an artificial intelligence method that uses object-oriented approach to construct the blackboard of data fusion for unattended ground sensors including geophone sensor, acoustic sensor, pressure sensor, infra-red sensor, magnetic sensor, image sensor etc.. It can perform detection, correlation, association and estimation to the sensors' output and obtain the exact recognition of targets, the number of target groups and the estimation for both the states of targets and the situation and threat. The whole blackboard is divided into three regions, including: single sensor fusion region, multisensor fusion region and threat estimation region. The three regions are expressed in classes. Knowledges of each domain in the three regions are also expressed by classes and encapsulated in class hierarchy structure. Thus the whole blackboard can be viewed as object forest, the distributed knowledge inference can be realized by object reference. Both statistics and hierarchy inference approaches are used in the blackboard structure so as to efficiently perform fusion and inference. Furthermore, the method is realized in C++ language and demonstrated by the simulation of sensor alarming datum under battlefield environment.

  18. The Tower and the Web: Emigres from English Lit Can Find Work in the Field of Online Information Architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelleher, Liz Hines

    2001-01-01

    Advises that there are opportunities for people with skills in Web publishing, specifically in areas of English Literature, skills so new that they are still acquiring labels and job titles. Coins the term "information architecture" as a concept and a need that arises from the creation of large-scale, ongoing Web projects, a phenomenon that is…

  19. An Open Distributed Architecture for Sensor Networks for Risk Management

    OpenAIRE

    Ralf Denzer; J. Fernando Esteban; Gerald Schimak; Thomas Usländer; John Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Sensors provide some of the basic input data for risk management of natural and man-made hazards. Here the word ‘sensors’ covers everything from remote sensing satellites, providing invaluable images of large regions, through instruments installed on the Earth's surface to instruments situated in deep boreholes and on the sea floor, providing highly-detailed point-based information from single sites. Data from such sensors is used in all stages of risk management, from hazard, vulnerability a...

  20. SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS IN AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    S. A. Sawant; Adinarayana, J.; S. S. Durbha; A. K. Tripathy; D. Sudharsan

    2012-01-01

    Rapid advances in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for agricultural applications has provided a platform for better decision making for crop planning and management, particularly in precision agriculture aspects. Due to the ever-increasing spread of WSNs there is a need for standards, i.e. a set of specifications and encodings to bring multiple sensor networks on common platform. Distributed sensor systems when brought together can facilitate better decision making in agricultural domai...

  1. Sensor Web Technology Challenges and Advancements for the Earth Science Decadal Survey Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Charles D.; Moe, Karen

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the Earth science decadal survey era and the role ESTO developed sensor web technologies can contribute to the scientific observations. This includes hardware and software technology advances for in-situ and in-space measurements. Also discussed are emerging areas of importance such as the potential of small satellites for sensor web based observations as well as advances in data fusion critical to the science and societal benefits of future missions, and the challenges ahead.

  2. New Architectures for ubiquitous networks : use and adaptation of internet protocols over wireless sensor networks

    OpenAIRE

    Ludovici, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the study of low-resource demanding protocols, communication techniques and software solutions to evaluate, optimise and implement Web service in WSNs. We start analysing the Web service architectures in order to choose the most appropriate for the constraints of WSNs, which is REST. Based on this analysis, we review the state-of-the-art of protocols that allows implementing REST Web services. To this end, we adopt the IEEE 802.15.4 standard for the physical and data-li...

  3. A Sensor Web-Enabled Infrastructure for Precision Farming

    OpenAIRE

    Jakob Geipel; Markus Jackenkroll; Martin Weis; Wilhelm Claupein

    2015-01-01

    The use of sensor technologies is standard practice in the domain of precision farming. The variety of vendor-specific sensor systems, control units and processing software has led to increasing efforts in establishing interoperable sensor networks and standardized sensor data infrastructures. This study utilizes open source software and adapts the standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium to introduce a method for the realization of a sensor data infrastructure for precision farming applic...

  4. Web-Based Collaborative Learning Architecture for Remote Experiment on Control of Bioreactor’s Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.P Jagadeesh Chandra

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The unprecedented growth in Internet technologies has created revolutionary changes in collaborative working in an on-line environment with round the world accessibility. The adoption of collaborative learning tools with remote laboratory enhances the experiential learning aspects of engineering education. This paper presents a collaborative learning and remote experiment on the control of a bioreactor environment by establishing communication between the process control computer and remote users through the Internet. The software application is developed using graphical programming tools to control the process parameters and to set the control constants associated with the PID control system. The LabVIEW virtual instruments transfer information to web clients is performed using web server and standard internet browsers for data access. Multimedia features are added to the architecture to supplement the teaching and learning activities. The proposed system structure and functionalities tend towards the translation of traditional collaborative characteristics into an Internet based on-line collaborative learning environment.

  5. A unified architecture for biomedical search engines based on semantic web technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalali, Vahid; Matash Borujerdi, Mohammad Reza

    2011-04-01

    There is a huge growth in the volume of published biomedical research in recent years. Many medical search engines are designed and developed to address the over growing information needs of biomedical experts and curators. Significant progress has been made in utilizing the knowledge embedded in medical ontologies and controlled vocabularies to assist these engines. However, the lack of common architecture for utilized ontologies and overall retrieval process, hampers evaluating different search engines and interoperability between them under unified conditions. In this paper, a unified architecture for medical search engines is introduced. Proposed model contains standard schemas declared in semantic web languages for ontologies and documents used by search engines. Unified models for annotation and retrieval processes are other parts of introduced architecture. A sample search engine is also designed and implemented based on the proposed architecture in this paper. The search engine is evaluated using two test collections and results are reported in terms of precision vs. recall and mean average precision for different approaches used by this search engine. PMID:20703566

  6. An Architecture for Intelligent Systems Based on Smart Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmalzel, John; Figueroa, Fernando; Morris, Jon; Mandayam, Shreekanth; Polikar, Robi

    2004-01-01

    Based on requirements for a next-generation rocket test facility, elements of a prototype Intelligent Rocket Test Facility (IRTF) have been implemented. A key component is distributed smart sensor elements integrated using a knowledgeware environment. One of the specific goals is to imbue sensors with the intelligence needed to perform self diagnosis of health and to participate in a hierarchy of health determination at sensor, process, and system levels. The preliminary results provide the basis for future advanced development and validation using rocket test stand facilities at Stennis Space Center (SSC). We have identified issues important to further development of health-enabled networks, which should be of interest to others working with smart sensors and intelligent health management systems.

  7. Automated Data Quality Assurance using OGC Sensor Web Enablement Frameworks for Marine Observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toma, Daniel; Bghiel, Ikram; del Rio, Joaquin; Hidalgo, Alberto; Carreras, Normandino; Manuel, Antoni

    2014-05-01

    Over the past years, environmental sensors have continuously improved by becoming smaller, cheaper, and more intelligent. Therefore, many sensor networks are increasingly deployed to monitor our environment. But due to the large number of sensor manufacturers, accompanying protocols and data encoding, automated integration and data quality assurance of diverse sensors in an observing systems is not straightforward, requiring development of data management code and manual tedious configuration. However, over the past few years it has been demonstrated that Open-Geospatial Consortium (OGC) frameworks can enable web services with fully-described sensor systems, including data processing, sensor characteristics and quality control tests and results. So far, the SWE framework does not describe how to integrate sensors on-the-fly with minimal human intervention. The data management software which enables access to sensors, data processing and quality control tests has to be implemented and the results have to be manually mapped to the SWE models. In this contribution, we describe a Sensor Plug & Play infrastructure for the Sensor Web by combining (1) OGC PUCK protocol - a simple standard embedded instrument protocol to store and retrieve directly from the devices the declarative description of sensor characteristics and quality control tests, (2) an automatic mechanism for data processing and quality control tests underlying the Sensor Web - the Sensor Interface Descriptor (SID) concept, as well as (3) a model for the declarative description of sensor which serves as a generic data management mechanism - designed as a profile and extension of OGC SWE's SensorML standard. We implement and evaluate our approach by applying it to the OBSEA Observatory, and can be used to demonstrate the ability to assess data quality for temperature, salinity, air pressure and wind speed and direction observations off the coast of Garraf, in the north-eastern Spain.

  8. Innovative Large Scale Wireless Sensor Network Architecture Using Satellites and High-Altitude Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasser Albagory

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor network has many applications and very active research area. The coverage span of this network is very important parameter where wide coverage area is a challenge. This paper proposes an architecture for large-scale wireless sensor network (LSWSN based on satellites and the High-Altitude Platforms (HAP where the sensor nodes are located on the ground and a wide coverage sink station may be in the form of a satellite or a network of HAPs. A scenario is described for multilayer LSWSN and a study for the system requirements has been established showing the number of Satellites, HAPs and coverage per each sink according to the elevation angle requirements. The Satellite-HAP-Sensor multilayer LSWSN architecture has the feasibility for effective energy and earth coverage and is optimum for covering largely sparse regions.

  9. Architecture for fiber-optic sensors and actuators in aircraft propulsion systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glomb, W. L., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes a design for fiber-optic sensing and control in advanced aircraft Electronic Engine Control (EEC). The recommended architecture is an on-engine EEC which contains electro-optic interface circuits for fiber-optic sensors. Size and weight are reduced by multiplexing arrays of functionally similar sensors on a pairs of optical fibers to common electro-optical interfaces. The architecture contains interfaces to seven sensor groups. Nine distinct fiber-optic sensor types were found to provide the sensing functions. Analysis revealed no strong discriminator (except reliability of laser diodes and remote electronics) on which to base a selection of preferred common interface type. A hardware test program is recommended to assess the relative maturity of the technologies and to determine real performance in the engine environment.

  10. A Planar Group-Based Architecture to Scale Ad-Hoc and Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Lloret

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available It is known that grouping nodes gives better performance to the group and to the whole system, thereby avoiding unnecessary message forwarding and additional overheads while allows to scale the network considerably. Many routing protocols for ad-hoc networks and sensor networks have been designed, but none of them is based on groups. In this paper, after a review of group based architectures and of neighbor selection strategies, a planar group-based network architecture is proposed. In the proposal, the network is formed by several groups of ad-hoc devices or sensors. Connections between groups are established as a function of the proximity and the neighbor's available capacity (based on the ad-hoc device or sensor’s energy. The messages that are needed to the proper operation are shown. It is also simulated how much time is needed to propagate information between groups and it is calculated the diameter for different topologies

  11. STOMP: A Software Architecture for the Design and Simulation UAV-Based Sensor Networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, E D; Roberts, R S; Hsia, T C S

    2002-10-28

    This paper presents the Simulation, Tactical Operations and Mission Planning (STOMP) software architecture and framework for simulating, controlling and communicating with unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) servicing large distributed sensor networks. STOMP provides hardware-in-the-loop capability enabling real UAVs and sensors to feedback state information, route data and receive command and control requests while interacting with other real or virtual objects thereby enhancing support for simulation of dynamic and complex events.

  12. A Multi-Robot Control Architecture for Fault-Tolerant Sensor-Based Coverage

    OpenAIRE

    Metin Ozkan; Gokhan Kirlik; Osman Parlaktuna; Alpaslan Yufka; Ahmet Yazici

    2010-01-01

    Sensor-based coverage problems have many applications such as patrolling, search-rescue, and surveillance. Using multi-robot team increases efficiency by reducing completion time of a sensor-based coverage task. Robustness to robot failures is another advantage of using multiple robots for coverage. Although there are many works to increase the efficiency of coverage methods, there are few works related to robot failures in the literature. In this paper, fault-tolerant control architecture is...

  13. Design and performance of an integrated ground and space sensor web for monitoring active volcanoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahusen, Richard; Song, Wenzhan; Kedar, Sharon; Shirazi, Behrooz; Chien, Steve; Doubleday, Joshua; Davies, Ashley; Webb, Frank; Dzurisin, Dan; Pallister, John

    2010-05-01

    An interdisciplinary team of computer, earth and space scientists collaborated to develop a sensor web system for rapid deployment at active volcanoes. The primary goals of this Optimized Autonomous Space In situ Sensorweb (OASIS) are to: 1) integrate complementary space and in situ (ground-based) elements into an interactive, autonomous sensor web; 2) advance sensor web power and communication resource management technology; and 3) enable scalability for seamless addition sensors and other satellites into the sensor web. This three-year project began with a rigorous multidisciplinary interchange that resulted in definition of system requirements to guide the design of the OASIS network and to achieve the stated project goals. Based on those guidelines, we have developed fully self-contained in situ nodes that integrate GPS, seismic, infrasonic and lightning (ash) detection sensors. The nodes in the wireless sensor network are linked to the ground control center through a mesh network that is highly optimized for remote geophysical monitoring. OASIS also features an autonomous bidirectional interaction between ground nodes and instruments on the EO-1 space platform through continuous analysis and messaging capabilities at the command and control center. Data from both the in situ sensors and satellite-borne hyperspectral imaging sensors stream into a common database for real-time visualization and analysis by earth scientists. We have successfully completed a field deployment of 15 nodes within the crater and on the flanks of Mount St. Helens, Washington. The demonstration that sensor web technology facilitates rapid network deployments and that we can achieve real-time continuous data acquisition. We are now optimizing component performance and improving user interaction for additional deployments at erupting volcanoes in 2010.

  14. OneGeology-Europe: architecture, portal and web services to provide a European geological map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tellez-Arenas, Agnès.; Serrano, Jean-Jacques; Tertre, François; Laxton, John

    2010-05-01

    OneGeology-Europe is a large ambitious project to make geological spatial data further known and accessible. The OneGeology-Europe project develops an integrated system of data to create and make accessible for the first time through the internet the geological map of the whole of Europe. The architecture implemented by the project is web services oriented, based on the OGC standards: the geological map is not a centralized database but is composed by several web services, each of them hosted by a European country involved in the project. Since geological data are elaborated differently from country to country, they are difficult to share. OneGeology-Europe, while providing more detailed and complete information, will foster even beyond the geological community an easier exchange of data within Europe and globally. This implies an important work regarding the harmonization of the data, both model and the content. OneGeology-Europe is characterised by the high technological capacity of the EU Member States, and has the final goal to achieve the harmonisation of European geological survey data according to common standards. As a direct consequence Europe will make a further step in terms of innovation and information dissemination, continuing to play a world leading role in the development of geosciences information. The scope of the common harmonized data model was defined primarily by the requirements of the geological map of Europe, but in addition users were consulted and the requirements of both INSPIRE and ‘high-resolution' geological maps were considered. The data model is based on GeoSciML, developed since 2006 by a group of Geological Surveys. The data providers involved in the project implemented a new component that allows the web services to deliver the geological map expressed into GeoSciML. In order to capture the information describing the geological units of the map of Europe the scope of the data model needs to include lithology; age; genesis and metamorphic character. For high resolution maps physical properties, bedding characteristics and weathering also need to be added. Furthermore, Geological data held by national geological surveys is generally described in national language of the country. The project has to deal with the multilingual issue, an important requirement of the INSPIRE directive. The project provides a list of harmonized vocabularies, a set of web services to deal with them, and a web site for helping the geoscientists while mapping the terms used into the national datasets into these vocabularies. The web services provided by each data provider, with the particular component that allows them to deliver the harmonised data model and to handle the multilingualism, are the first part of the architecture. The project also implements a web portal that provides several functionalities. Thanks to the common data model implemented by each web service delivering a part of the geological map, and using OGC SLD standards, the client offers the following option. A user can request for a sub-selection of the map, for instance searching on a particular attribute such as "age is quaternary", and display only the parts of the map according to the filter. Using the web services on the common vocabularies, the data displayed are translated. The project started September 2008 for two years, with 29 partners from 20 countries (20 partners are Geological Surveys). The budget is 3.25 M€, with a European Commission contribution of 2.6 M€. The paper will describe the technical solutions to implement OneGeology-Europe components: the profile of the common data model to exchange geological data, the web services to view and access geological data; and a geoportal to provide the user with a user-friendly way to discover, view and access geological data.

  15. Sensing Models and Sensor Network Architectures for Transport Infrastructure Monitoring in Smart Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonis, Ingo

    2015-04-01

    Transport infrastructure monitoring and analysis is one of the focus areas in the context of smart cities. With the growing number of people moving into densely populated urban metro areas, precise tracking of moving people and goods is the basis for profound decision-making and future planning. With the goal of defining optimal extensions and modifications to existing transport infrastructures, multi-modal transport has to be monitored and analysed. This process is performed on the basis of sensor networks that combine a variety of sensor models, types, and deployments within the area of interest. Multi-generation networks, consisting of a number of sensor types and versions, are causing further challenges for the integration and processing of sensor observations. These challenges are not getting any smaller with the development of the Internet of Things, which brings promising opportunities, but is currently stuck in a type of protocol war between big industry players from both the hardware and network infrastructure domain. In this paper, we will highlight how the OGC suite of standards, with the Sensor Web standards developed by the Sensor Web Enablement Initiative together with the latest developments by the Sensor Web for Internet of Things community can be applied to the monitoring and improvement of transport infrastructures. Sensor Web standards have been applied in the past to pure technical domains, but need to be broadened now in order to meet new challenges. Only cross domain approaches will allow to develop satisfying transport infrastructure approaches that take into account requirements coming form a variety of sectors such as tourism, administration, transport industry, emergency services, or private people. The goal is the development of interoperable components that can be easily integrated within data infrastructures and follow well defined information models to allow robust processing.

  16. Reconfigurable middleware architectures for large scale sensor networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brennan, Sean M.

    2010-03-01

    Wireless sensor networks, in an effort to be energy efficient, typically lack the high-level abstractions of advanced programming languages. Though strong, the dichotomy between these two paradigms can be overcome. The SENSIX software framework, described in this dissertation, uniquely integrates constraint-dominated wireless sensor networks with the flexibility of object-oriented programming models, without violating the principles of either. Though these two computing paradigms are contradictory in many ways, SENSIX bridges them to yield a dynamic middleware abstraction unifying low-level resource-aware task reconfiguration and high-level object recomposition.

  17. Enhanced Architecture of a Web Warehouse based on Quality Evaluation Framework to Incorporate Quality Aspects in Web Warehouse Creation

    OpenAIRE

    Umm-e-Mariya Shah; Azra Shamim; Madiha Kazmi

    2011-01-01

    In the recent years, it has been observed that World Wide Web (www) became a vast source of information explosion about all areas of interest. Relevant information retrieval is difficult from the web space as there is no universal configuration and organization of the web data. Taking the advantage of data warehouse functionality and integrating it with the web to retrieve relevant data is the core concept of web warehouse. It is a repository that store relevant web data for business decision...

  18. A Web Centric Architecture for Deploying Multi-Disciplinary Engineering Design Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woyak, Scott; Kim, Hongman; Mullins, James; Sobieszczanski-Sobieski, Jaroslaw

    2004-01-01

    There are continuous needs for engineering organizations to improve their design process. Current state of the art techniques use computational simulations to predict design performance, and optimize it through advanced design methods. These tools have been used mostly by individual engineers. This paper presents an architecture for achieving results at an organization level beyond individual level. The next set of gains in process improvement will come from improving the effective use of computers and software within a whole organization, not just for an individual. The architecture takes advantage of state of the art capabilities to produce a Web based system to carry engineering design into the future. To illustrate deployment of the architecture, a case study for implementing advanced multidisciplinary design optimization processes such as Bi-Level Integrated System Synthesis is discussed. Another example for rolling-out a design process for Design for Six Sigma is also described. Each example explains how an organization can effectively infuse engineering practice with new design methods and retain the knowledge over time.

  19. Generic Sensor Data Fusion Services for Web-enabled Environmental Risk Management and Decision-Support Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabeur, Zoheir; Middleton, Stuart; Veres, Galina; Zlatev, Zlatko; Salvo, Nicola

    2010-05-01

    The advancement of smart sensor technology in the last few years has led to an increase in the deployment of affordable sensors for monitoring the environment around Europe. This is generating large amounts of sensor observation information and inevitably leading to problems about how to manage large volumes of data as well as making sense out the data for decision-making. In addition, the various European Directives (Water Framework Diectives, Bathing Water Directives, Habitat Directives, etc.. ) which regulate human activities in the environment and the INSPIRE Directive on spatial information management regulations have implicitely led the designated European Member States environment agencies and authorities to put in place new sensor monitoring infrastructure and share information about environmental regions under their statutory responsibilities. They will need to work cross border and collectively reach environmental quality standards. They will also need to regularly report to the EC on the quality of the environments of which they are responsible and make such information accessible to the members of the public. In recent years, early pioneering work on the design of service oriented architecture using sensor networks has been achieved. Information web-services infrastructure using existing data catalogues and web-GIS map services can now be enriched with the deployment of new sensor observation and data fusion and modelling services using OGC standards. The deployment of the new services which describe sensor observations and intelligent data-processing using data fusion techniques can now be implemented and provide added value information with spatial-temporal uncertainties to the next generation of decision support service systems. The new decision support service systems have become key to implement across Europe in order to comply with EU environmental regulations and INSPIRE. In this paper, data fusion services using OGC standards with sensor observation data streams are described in context of a geo-distributed service infrastructure specialising in multiple environmental risk management and decision-support. The sensor data fusion services are deployed and validated in two use cases. These are respectively concerned with: 1) Microbial risks forecast in bathing waters; and 2) Geohazards in urban zones during underground tunneling activities. This research was initiated in the SANY Integrated Project(www.sany-ip.org) and funded by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme.

  20. An Autonomous Sensor System Architecture for Active Flow and Noise Control Feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphreys, William M, Jr.; Culliton, William G.

    2008-01-01

    Multi-channel sensor fusion represents a powerful technique to simply and efficiently extract information from complex phenomena. While the technique has traditionally been used for military target tracking and situational awareness, a study has been successfully completed that demonstrates that sensor fusion can be applied equally well to aerodynamic applications. A prototype autonomous hardware processor was successfully designed and used to detect in real-time the two-dimensional flow reattachment location generated by a simple separated-flow wind tunnel model. The success of this demonstration illustrates the feasibility of using autonomous sensor processing architectures to enhance flow control feedback signal generation.

  1. Botnet Detection Architecture Based on Heterogeneous Multi-sensor Information Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HaiLong Wang

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As technology has been developed rapidly, botnet threats to the global cyber community are also increasing. And the botnet detection has recently become a major research topic in the field of network security. Most of the current detection approaches work only on the evidence from single information source, which can not hold all the traces of botnet and hardly achieve high accuracy. In this paper, a novel botnet detection architecture based on heterogeneous multi-sensor information fusion is proposed. The architecture is designed to carry out information integration in the three fusion levels of data, feature, and decision. As the core component, a feature extraction module is also elaborately designed. And an extended algorithm of the Dempster-Shafer (D-S theory is proved and adopted in decision fusion. Furthermore, a representative case is provided to illustrate that the detection architecture can effectively fuse the complicated information from various sensors, thus to achieve better detection effect.

  2. Wireless sensors with dual-controller architecture for active diagnosis in structural health monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wireless sensor technology, which integrates transducers with microcontrollers and wireless communication, has become increasingly vital in structural health monitoring (SHM) applications. However, the low I/O (input/output) throughput of conventional wireless sensors impedes their usage in applications using high-frequency signals, such as active diagnosis and passive acoustic emission (AE). In this paper, the limitations of extending conventional wireless sensors to handle high-speed acquisition are first identified and discussed. Based on the efforts made in improving wireless sensors with centralized system architecture, a novel dual-controller based architecture is proposed to facilitate high-speed data acquisition and improve power efficiency. Then, a wireless sensor platform, specifically designed for active diagnosis employing stress waves to localize damages, is presented. The newly developed wireless sensor with dimensions of 30 mm × 30 mm × 35 mm utilizes a field programmable gate array (FPGA) as a secondary controller and can support a sampling rate up to 20 million samples per second (Msps). Laboratory experiments for verification show that the wireless sensor can explore new applications at the opposite end of the spectrum from conventional applications: those involving high fidelity and high-speed data acquisition

  3. Wireless sensors with dual-controller architecture for active diagnosis in structural health monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, L.; Yuan, F. G.

    2008-04-01

    Wireless sensor technology, which integrates transducers with microcontrollers and wireless communication, has become increasingly vital in structural health monitoring (SHM) applications. However, the low I/O (input/output) throughput of conventional wireless sensors impedes their usage in applications using high-frequency signals, such as active diagnosis and passive acoustic emission (AE). In this paper, the limitations of extending conventional wireless sensors to handle high-speed acquisition are first identified and discussed. Based on the efforts made in improving wireless sensors with centralized system architecture, a novel dual-controller based architecture is proposed to facilitate high-speed data acquisition and improve power efficiency. Then, a wireless sensor platform, specifically designed for active diagnosis employing stress waves to localize damages, is presented. The newly developed wireless sensor with dimensions of 30 mm × 30 mm × 35 mm utilizes a field programmable gate array (FPGA) as a secondary controller and can support a sampling rate up to 20 million samples per second (Msps). Laboratory experiments for verification show that the wireless sensor can explore new applications at the opposite end of the spectrum from conventional applications: those involving high fidelity and high-speed data acquisition.

  4. Architecture Aware Key Management Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed FEHAM

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of wireless networking as well as the development in embedded systems and technologies have given birth to application specific networks called wireless sensor networks WSNs, their flexibility, facility of use and deployment as well as their low cost give them an increasing field of applications. Usually sensors are limited in capacities deployed in a hostile and unpredictable environment, making the security of these networks a challenging task. In this paper we are going to present a key management scheme in which the base station play the role of the secure third party responsible of distributing key and managing security in the network, two versions of this scheme are presented the first one for flat networks and the second one for hierarchical networks in which the cluster head play the key role in all key agreement with the base station.

  5. Heterogeneous sensor networks: a bio-inspired overlay architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burman, Jerry; Hespanha, Joao; Madhow, Upamanyu; Klein, Daniel; Isaacs, Jason; Venkateswaran, Sriram; Pham, Tien

    2010-04-01

    Teledyne Scientific Company, the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) and the Army Research Lab are developing technologies for automated data exfiltration from heterogeneous sensor networks through the Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies (ICB). Unmanned air vehicles (UAV) provide an effective means to autonomously collect data from unattended ground sensors (UGSs) that cannot communicate with each other. UAVs are used to reduce the system reaction time by generating autonomous data-driven collection routes. Bio-inspired techniques for search provide a novel strategy to detect, capture and fuse data across heterogeneous sensors. A fast and accurate method has been developed for routing UAVs and localizing an event by fusing data from a sparse number of UGSs; it leverages a bio-inspired technique based on chemotaxis or the motion of bacteria seeking nutrients in their environment. The system was implemented and successfully tested using a high level simulation environment using a flight simulator to emulate a UAV. A field test was also conducted in November 2009 at Camp Roberts, CA using a UAV provided by AeroMech Engineering. The field test results showed that the system can detect and locate the source of an acoustic event with an accuracy of about 3 meters average circular error.

  6. A Web-Based Application of TELOSB Sensor Network

    OpenAIRE

    Sheltami, Tarek R.; Elhadi M. Shakshuki; Mouftah, Hussein T.

    2011-01-01

    Sensor network can be used in a numerous number of applications. However, implementing wireless sensor networks present new challenges compared with theoretical networks. In addition, implementing a sensor network might provide results different from that derived theoretically. Some routing protocols when implemented might fail to perform. In this paper, we implement three routing protocols, namely: Dynamic MANET on-demand, Collection Tree and Dissemination protocols. To compare the performan...

  7. Sensor Webs and Virtual Globes: Enabling Understanding of Changes in a partially Glaciated Watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heavner, M.; Fatland, D. R.; Habermann, M.; Berner, L.; Hood, E.; Connor, C.; Galbraith, J.; Knuth, E.; O'Brien, W.

    2008-12-01

    The University of Alaska Southeast is currently implementing a sensor web identified as the SouthEast Alaska MOnitoring Network for Science, Telecommunications, Education, and Research (SEAMONSTER). SEAMONSTER is operating in the partially glaciated Mendenhall and Lemon Creek Watersheds, in the Juneau area, on the margins of the Juneau Icefield. These watersheds are studied for both 1. long term monitoring of changes, and 2. detection and analysis of transient events (such as glacier lake outburst floods). The heterogeneous sensors (meteorologic, dual frequency GPS, water quality, lake level, etc), power and bandwidth constraints, and competing time scales of interest require autonomous reactivity of the sensor web. They also present challenges for operational management of the sensor web. The harsh conditions on the glaciers provide additional operating constraints. The tight integration of the sensor web and virtual global enabling technology enhance the project in multiple ways. We are utilizing virtual globe infrastructures to enhance both sensor web management and data access. SEAMONSTER utilizes virtual globes for education and public outreach, sensor web management, data dissemination, and enabling collaboration. Using a PosgreSQL with GIS extensions database coupled to the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Geoserver, we generate near-real-time auto-updating geobrowser files of the data in multiple OGC standard formats (e.g KML, WCS). Additionally, embedding wiki pages in this database allows the development of a geospatially aware wiki describing the projects for better public outreach and education. In this presentation we will describe how we have implemented these technologies to date, the lessons learned, and our efforts towards greater OGC standard implementation. A major focus will be on demonstrating how geobrowsers and virtual globes have made this project possible.

  8. Provenance Information Representation and Tracking for Remote Sensing Observations in a Sensor Web Enabled Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeqiang Chen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The provenance of observations from a Sensor Web enabled remote sensing application represents a great challenge. There are currently no representations or tracking methods. We propose a provenance method that represents and tracks remote sensing observations in the Sensor Web enabled environment. The representation can be divided into the description model, encoding method, and service implementation. The description model uses a tuple to define four objects (sensor, data, processing, and service and their relationships at a time point or interval. The encoding method incorporates the description into the Observations & Measurements specification of the Sensor Web. The service implementation addresses the effects of the encoding method on the implementation of Sensor Web services. The tracking method abstracts a common provenance algorithm and four algorithms that track the four objects (sensor, data, processing, and service in a remote sensing observation application based on the representation. We conducted an experiment on the representation and tracking of provenance information for vegetation condition products, such as the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI and the Vegetation Condition Index (VCI. Our experiments used raw Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS data to produce daily NDVI, weekly NDVI, and weekly VCI for the 48 contiguous states of the United States, for May from 2000 to 2012. We also implemented inverse tracking. We evaluated the time and space requirements of the proposed method in this scenario. Our results show that this technique provides a solution for determining provenance information in remote sensing observations.

  9. Integration of Grid and Sensor Web for Flood Monitoring and Risk Assessment from Heterogeneous Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kussul, Nataliia; Skakun, Sergii; Shelestov, Andrii

    2013-04-01

    Over last decades we have witnessed the upward global trend in natural disaster occurrence. Hydrological and meteorological disasters such as floods are the main contributors to this pattern. In recent years flood management has shifted from protection against floods to managing the risks of floods (the European Flood risk directive). In order to enable operational flood monitoring and assessment of flood risk, it is required to provide an infrastructure with standardized interfaces and services. Grid and Sensor Web can meet these requirements. In this paper we present a general approach to flood monitoring and risk assessment based on heterogeneous geospatial data acquired from multiple sources. To enable operational flood risk assessment integration of Grid and Sensor Web approaches is proposed [1]. Grid represents a distributed environment that integrates heterogeneous computing and storage resources administrated by multiple organizations. SensorWeb is an emerging paradigm for integrating heterogeneous satellite and in situ sensors and data systems into a common informational infrastructure that produces products on demand. The basic Sensor Web functionality includes sensor discovery, triggering events by observed or predicted conditions, remote data access and processing capabilities to generate and deliver data products. Sensor Web is governed by the set of standards, called Sensor Web Enablement (SWE), developed by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Different practical issues regarding integration of Sensor Web with Grids are discussed in the study. We show how the Sensor Web can benefit from using Grids and vice versa. For example, Sensor Web services such as SOS, SPS and SAS can benefit from the integration with the Grid platform like Globus Toolkit. The proposed approach is implemented within the Sensor Web framework for flood monitoring and risk assessment, and a case-study of exploiting this framework, namely the Namibia SensorWeb Pilot Project, is described. The project was created as a testbed for evaluating and prototyping key technologies for rapid acquisition and distribution of data products for decision support systems to monitor floods and enable flood risk assessment. The system provides access to real-time products on rainfall estimates and flood potential forecast derived from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) mission with lag time of 6 h, alerts from the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) with lag time of 4 h, and the Coupled Routing and Excess STorage (CREST) model to generate alerts. These are alerts are used to trigger satellite observations. With deployed SPS service for NASA's EO-1 satellite it is possible to automatically task sensor with re-image capability of less 8 h. Therefore, with enabled computational and storage services provided by Grid and cloud infrastructure it was possible to generate flood maps within 24-48 h after trigger was alerted. To enable interoperability between system components and services OGC-compliant standards are utilized. [1] Hluchy L., Kussul N., Shelestov A., Skakun S., Kravchenko O., Gripich Y., Kopp P., Lupian E., "The Data Fusion Grid Infrastructure: Project Objectives and Achievements," Computing and Informatics, 2010, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 319-334.

  10. Web service QoS Based Broker Architecture and Heuristic Algorithm applied for an Apartment Management system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof.SushmaA Shirke

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Web Services are based on distributed technology and provide standard means of interoperating between different software applications across and within organizational boundaries. Web Services technologies allow interaction between applications. Sometimes a single service given alone does not meet user’s needs. In this case, it is necessary to compose several services in order to achieve the user’s goal. Quality of Service (QoS support in web services plays a great role for the success of this emerging technology. In this paper, we presentQoS broker- based architecture for web services. The main goal of the architecture is to support the client in selecting web services based on his/her required QoS It also presents an efficient method to finding the suitable web service based on the consumer’s requirements along with QoS. We intend to use this architecture for several services like Loan system,location based search etc

  11. Doubly Cognitive Architecture Based Cognitive Wireless Sensor Network

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Sumit; Garimella, Rama Murthy

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays scarcity of spectrum availability is increasing highly. Adding cognition to the existing Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) infrastructure will help in this situation. As sensor nodes in WSN are limited with some constrains like power, efforts are required to increase the lifetime and other performance measures of the network. In this paper we propose the idea of Doubly Cognitive WSN. The basic idea is to progressively allocate the sensing resources only to the most promising areas of the spectrum. This work is based on Artificial Neural Network as well as on Support Vector Machine (SVM) concept. As the load of sensing resource is reduced significantly, this approach will save the energy of the nodes, and also reduce the sensing time dramatically. The proposed work can be enhanced by doing the pattern analysis thing after a sufficiently long time again and again to review the strategy of sensing. Thus Doubly Cognitive WSN will enable current WSN to overcome the spectrum scarcity as well as save the energy...

  12. Frontier: High Performance Database Access Using Standard Web Components in a Scalable Multi-Tier Architecture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high performance system has been assembled using standard web components to deliver database information to a large number of broadly distributed clients. The CDF Experiment at Fermilab is establishing processing centers around the world imposing a high demand on their database repository. For delivering read-only data, such as calibrations, trigger information, and run conditions data, we have abstracted the interface that clients use to retrieve data objects. A middle tier is deployed that translates client requests into database specific queries and returns the data to the client as XML datagrams. The database connection management, request translation, and data encoding are accomplished in servlets running under Tomcat. Squid Proxy caching layers are deployed near the Tomcat servers, as well as close to the clients, to significantly reduce the load on the database and provide a scalable deployment model. Details the system's construction and use are presented, including its architecture, design, interfaces, administration, performance measurements, and deployment plan

  13. A Distributed Software Architecture for Collaborative Teleoperation based on a VR Platform and Web Application Interoperability

    CERN Document Server

    Domingues, Christophe; Davesne, Frédéric; Mallem, Malik

    2009-01-01

    Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality can provide to a Human Operator (HO) a real help to complete complex tasks, such as robot teleoperation and cooperative teleassistance. Using appropriate augmentations, the HO can interact faster, safer and easier with the remote real world. In this paper, we present an extension of an existing distributed software and network architecture for collaborative teleoperation based on networked human-scaled mixed reality and mobile platform. The first teleoperation system was composed by a VR application and a Web application. However the 2 systems cannot be used together and it is impossible to control a distant robot simultaneously. Our goal is to update the teleoperation system to permit a heterogeneous collaborative teleoperation between the 2 platforms. An important feature of this interface is based on different Mobile platforms to control one or many robots.

  14. Frontier: High Performance Database Access Using Standard Web Components in a Scalable Multi-Tier Architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kosyakov, S.; Kowalkowski, J.; Litvintsev, D.; Lueking, L.; Paterno, M.; White, S.P.; /Fermilab; Autio, Lauri; /Helsinki U.; Blumenfeld, B.; Maksimovic, P.; Mathis, M.; /Johns Hopkins U.

    2004-09-01

    A high performance system has been assembled using standard web components to deliver database information to a large number of broadly distributed clients. The CDF Experiment at Fermilab is establishing processing centers around the world imposing a high demand on their database repository. For delivering read-only data, such as calibrations, trigger information, and run conditions data, we have abstracted the interface that clients use to retrieve data objects. A middle tier is deployed that translates client requests into database specific queries and returns the data to the client as XML datagrams. The database connection management, request translation, and data encoding are accomplished in servlets running under Tomcat. Squid Proxy caching layers are deployed near the Tomcat servers, as well as close to the clients, to significantly reduce the load on the database and provide a scalable deployment model. Details the system's construction and use are presented, including its architecture, design, interfaces, administration, performance measurements, and deployment plan.

  15. An Architecture for Performance Optimization in a Collaborative Knowledge-Based Approach for  Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ramon Velasco

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the past few years, Intelligent Spaces (ISs have received the attention of many Wireless Sensor Network researchers. Recently, several studies have been devoted to identify their common capacities and to set up ISs over these networks. However, little attention has been paid to integrating Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems into collaborative Wireless Sensor Networks for the purpose of implementing ISs. This work presents a distributed architecture proposal for collaborative Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems embedded in Wireless Sensor Networks, which has been designed to optimize the implementation of ISs. This architecture includes the following: (a an optimized design for the inference engine; (b a visual interface; (c a module to reduce the redundancy and complexity of the knowledge bases; (d a module to evaluate the accuracy of the new knowledge base; (e a module to adapt the format of the rules to the structure used by the inference engine; and (f a communications protocol. As a real-world application of this architecture and the proposed methodologies, we show an application to the problem of modeling two plagues of the olive tree: prays (olive moth, Prays oleae Bern. and repilo (caused by the fungus Spilocaea oleagina. The results show that the architecture presented in this paper significantly decreases the consumption of resources (memory, CPU and battery without a substantial decrease in the accuracy of the inferred values.

  16. A Web Architecture to Geographically Interrogate CHIRPS Rainfall and eMODIS NDVI for Landuse Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, J. E.; Limaye, A. S.

    2014-12-01

    Monitoring of rainfall and vegetation over the continent of Africa is important for assessing the status of crop health and agriculture, along with long-term changes in land use change. These issues can be addressed through examination of long-term precipitation (rainfall) data sets and remote sensing of land surface vegetation and land use types. Two products have been used previously to address these goals: the Climate Hazard Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) rainfall data, and multi-day composites of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from the FEWS NET's eMODIS product. Combined, these are very large data sets that require unique tools and architecture to facilitate a variety of data analysis methods or data exploration by the end user community. To address these needs, a web-enabled system has been developed to allow end-users to interrogate CHIRPS rainfall and eMODIS NDVI data over the continent of Africa. The architecture allows end-users to use custom defined geometries, or the use of predefined political boundaries in their interrogation of the data. The massive amount of data interrogated by the system allows the end-users with only a web browser to extract vital information in order to investigate land use change and its causes. The system can be used to generate daily, monthly and yearly averages over a geographical area and range of dates of interest to the user. It also provides analysis of trends in precipitation or vegetation change for times of interest. The data provided back to the end-user is displayed in graphical form and can be exported for use in other, external tools. The development of this tool has significantly decreased the investment and requirements for end-users to use these two important datasets, while also allowing the flexibility to the end-user to limit the search to the area of interest.

  17. Full-wave receiver architecture for the homodyne motion sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haugen, Peter C; Dallum, Gregory E; Welsh, Patrick A; Romero, Carlos E

    2013-11-19

    A homodyne motion sensor or detector based on ultra-wideband radar utilizes the entire received waveform through implementation of a voltage boosting receiver. The receiver includes a receiver input and a receiver output. A first diode is connected to the receiver output. A first charge storage capacitor is connected from between the first diode and the receiver output to ground. A second charge storage capacitor is connected between the receiver input and the first diode. A second diode is connected from between the second charge storage capacitor and the first diode to ground. The dual diode receiver performs voltage boosting of a RF signal received at the receiver input, thereby enhancing receiver sensitivity.

  18. Full-wave receiver architecture for the homodyne motion sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haugen, Peter C.; Dallum, Gregory E.; Welsh, Patrick A.; Romero, Carlos E.

    2015-09-29

    A homodyne motion sensor or detector based on ultra-wideband radar utilizes the entire received waveform through implementation of a voltage boosting receiver. The receiver includes a receiver input and a receiver output. A first diode is connected to the receiver output. A first charge storage capacitor is connected from between the first diode and the receiver output to ground. A second charge storage capacitor is connected between the receiver input and the first diode. A second diode is connected from between the second charge storage capacitor and the first diode to ground. The dual diode receiver performs voltage boosting of a RF signal received at the receiver input, thereby enhancing receiver sensitivity.

  19. Design and Implementation of Hybrid MAC-Based Robust Architecture for Wireless Sensor Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shon, Taeshik; Kim, Eui-Jik; in, Jeongsik; Park, Yongsuk

    In this letter, we propose an energy efficient hybrid architecture, the Hybrid MAC-based Robust Architecture (HMR), for wireless sensor networks focusing on MAC layer's scheduling and adaptive security suite as a security sub layer. A hybrid MAC layer with TDMA and CSMA scheduling is designed to prolong network life time, and the multi-channel TDMA based active/sleep scheduling is presented. We also present the security related functionalities needed to employ a flexible security suite to packets dynamically. Implementation and testbed of the proposed framework based on IEEE 802.15.4 are shown as well.

  20. Hierarchical structures made of proteins. The complex architecture of spider webs and their constituent silk proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heim, Markus; Römer, Lin; Scheibel, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Biopolymers fulfil a variety of different functions in nature. They conduct various processes inside and outside cells and organisms, with a functionality ranging from storage of information to stabilization, protection, shaping, transport, cellular division, or movement of whole organisms. Within the plethora of biopolymers, the most sophisticated group is of proteinaceous origin: the cytoskeleton of a cell is made of protein filaments that aid in pivotal processes like intracellular transport, movement, and cell division; geckos use a distinct arrangement of keratin-like filaments on their toes which enable them to walk up smooth surfaces, such as walls, and even upside down across ceilings; and spiders spin silks that are extra-corporally used for protection of offspring and construction of complex prey traps. The following tutorial review describes the hierarchical organization of protein fibers, using spider dragline silk as an example. The properties of a dragline silk thread originate from the strictly controlled assembly of the underlying protein chains. The assembly procedure leads to protein fibers showing a complex hierarchical organization comprising three different structural phases. This structural organization is responsible for the outstanding mechanical properties of individual fibers, which out-compete even those of high-performance artificial fibers like Kevlar. Web-weaving spiders produce, in addition to dragline silk, other silks with distinct properties, based on slightly variant constituent proteins--a feature that allows construction of highly sophisticated spider webs with well designed architectures and with optimal mechanical properties for catching prey. PMID:20023846

  1. Web architecture for the remote browsing and analysis of distributed medical images and data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masseroli, M; Pinciroli, F

    2001-01-01

    To provide easy retrieval, integration and evaluation of multimodal medical images and data in a web browser environment, distributed application technologies and Java programming were used to develop a client-server architecture based on software agents. The server side manages secure connections and queries to heterogeneous remote databases and file systems containing patient personal and clinical data. The client side is a Java applet running in a web browser and providing a friendly medical user interface to perform queries on patient and medical test data and integrate and visualize properly the various query results. A set of tools based on Java Advanced Imaging API enables to process and analyze the retrieved bioimages, and quantify their features in different regions of interest. The platform-independence Java technology makes the developed prototype easy to be managed in a centralized form and provided in each site where an intranet or internet connection can be located. Giving the healthcare providers effective tools for browsing, querying, visualizing and evaluating comprehensively medical images and records in all locations where they can need them - e.g. emergency, operating theaters, ward, or even outpatient clinics- the implemented prototype represents an important aid in providing more efficient diagnoses and medical treatments. PMID:11604703

  2. Application-specific architectures of CMOS monolithic active pixel sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several development directions intended to adapt and optimize monolithic active pixel sensors for specific applications are presented in this work. The first example, compatible with the STAR microvertex upgrade, is based on a simple two-transistor pixel circuitry. It is suited for a long integration time, room-temperature operation and minimum power dissipation. In another approach for this application, a specific readout method is proposed, allowing optimization of the integration time independently of the full frame-readout time. The circuit consists of an in-pixel front-end voltage amplifier, with a gain on the order of five, followed by two analog memory cells. The extended version of this scheme, based on the implementation of more memory cells per pixel, is the solution considered for the outer layers of a microvertex detector at the international linear collider. For the two innermost layers, a circuit allowing fast frame scans together with on-line, on-chip data sparsification is proposed. The first results of this prototype demonstrate that the fixed pattern dispersion is reduced below a noise level of 15 e-, allowing the use of a single comparator or a low-resolution ADC per pixel column. A common element for most of the mentioned readout schemes is a low-noise, low power consumption, layout efficient in-pixel amplifier. A review of possible solutions for this element together with some experimental results is presented

  3. Application-specific architectures of CMOS monolithic active pixel sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Szelezniak, Michal [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France)]. E-mail: michal.szelezniak@ires.in2p3.fr; Besson, Auguste [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Claus, Gilles; Colledani, Claude; [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Degerli, Yavuz [CEA Saclay, DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Deptuch, Grzegorz [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Deveaux, Michael [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); GSI, Planckstrasse 1, Darmstadt 64291 (Germany); Dorokhov, Andrei [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Dulinski, Wojciech [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Fourches, Nicolas [CEA Saclay, DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Goffe, Mathieu [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Grandjean, Damien; Guilloux, Fabrice [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Heini, Sebastien [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France)]|[GSI, Planckstrasse 1, Darmstadt 64291 (Germany); Himmi, Abdelkader [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Hu, Christine [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France); Jaaskelainen, Kimmo; Li, Yan; Lutz, Pierre; Orsini, Fabienne [CEA Saclay, DAPNIA, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Pellicioli, Michel; Shabetai, Alexandre; Valin, Isabelle; Winter, Marc [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 23 rue du Loess, Strasbourg 67037 Cedex 02 (France)

    2006-11-30

    Several development directions intended to adapt and optimize monolithic active pixel sensors for specific applications are presented in this work. The first example, compatible with the STAR microvertex upgrade, is based on a simple two-transistor pixel circuitry. It is suited for a long integration time, room-temperature operation and minimum power dissipation. In another approach for this application, a specific readout method is proposed, allowing optimization of the integration time independently of the full frame-readout time. The circuit consists of an in-pixel front-end voltage amplifier, with a gain on the order of five, followed by two analog memory cells. The extended version of this scheme, based on the implementation of more memory cells per pixel, is the solution considered for the outer layers of a microvertex detector at the international linear collider. For the two innermost layers, a circuit allowing fast frame scans together with on-line, on-chip data sparsification is proposed. The first results of this prototype demonstrate that the fixed pattern dispersion is reduced below a noise level of 15 e{sup -}, allowing the use of a single comparator or a low-resolution ADC per pixel column. A common element for most of the mentioned readout schemes is a low-noise, low power consumption, layout efficient in-pixel amplifier. A review of possible solutions for this element together with some experimental results is presented.

  4. A Fuzzy Based Sensor Web for Adaptive Prediction Framework to Enhance the Availability of Web Service

    OpenAIRE

    Ramalingam, Sundharam; Mohandas, Lakshmi

    2016-01-01

    Present day businesses revolve around internet applications (e.g., e-commerce, e-business, and internet banking) which are primarily supported by web services. The increasing consumer reliance on these internet-based applications causes dynamic variation in the number of requests received by web services and a slowdown in response time during peak load periods. To overcome this difficulty, in this paper, we propose a fuzzy logic (FL) based prediction and replication framework to replicate the...

  5. Extended Architecture of Web Crawler on Enhancement in Web Crawler using Weighted Page Rank Algorithm based on VOL

    OpenAIRE

    Sachin Gupta,; Sashi Tarun

    2014-01-01

    As the World Wide Web is growing rapidly day by day, the number of web pages is increasing into millions and trillions around the world. To make searching much easier for users, search engines came into existence. Web search engines are used to find specific information on the World Wide Web. Without search engines, it would be almost impossible for us to locate anything on the Web unless or until we know a specific URL address. Every search engine maintains a central repository or databases...

  6. Sensor web enablement in a network of low-energy, low-budget amateur weather stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrnkind, S.; Klump, J.; Schmidt, G.

    2009-04-01

    Sensor Web Enablement (OGC SWE) has developed in into a powerful concept with many potential applications in environmental monitoring and in other fields. This has spurred development of software applications for Sensor Observation Services (SOS), while the development of client applications still lags behind. Furthermore, the deployment of sensors in the field often places tight constraints on energy and bandwidth available for data capture and transmission. As a „proof of concept" we equipped amateur weather stations with low-budget, standard components to read the data from its base station and feed the weather observation data into the sensor observation service using its standard web-service interface. We chose amateur weather station as an example because of the simplicity of measured phenomena and low data volume. As sensor observation service we chose the open source software package offered by the 52°North consortium. Furthermore, we investigated registry services for sensors and measured phenomena. When deploying a sensor platform in the field, power consumption can be an issue. Instead of common PCs we used Network Storage Link Units (NSLU2) with a Linux operating system, also known as "Debian SLUG". The power consumption of a "SLUG" is of the order of 1W, compared to 40W in a small PC. The "SLUG" provides one ethernet and two USB ports, one used by its external USB hard-drive. This modular set-up is open to modifications, for example the addition of a GSM modem for data transmission over a cellular telephone network. The simple set-up, low price, low power consumption, and the low technological entry-level allow many potential uses of a "SLUG" in environmental sensor networks in research, education and citizen science. The use of a mature sensor observation service software allows an easy integration of monitoring networks with other web services.

  7. Application of service oriented architecture for sensors and actuators in district heating substations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafsson, Jonas; Kyusakov, Rumen; Mäkitaavola, Henrik; Delsing, Jerker

    2014-01-01

    Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today's district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA) is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN), which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation. PMID:25196165

  8. Application of Service Oriented Architecture for Sensors and Actuators in District Heating Substations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Gustafsson

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today’s district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN, which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation.

  9. Hydrogen Gas Sensors Fabricated on Atomically Flat 4H-SiC Webbed Cantilevers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neudeck, Philip G.; Spry, David J.; Trunek, Andrew J.; Evans, Laura J.; Chen, Liang-Yu; Hunter, Gary W.; Androjna, Drago

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on initial results from the first device tested of a "second generation" Pt-SiC Schottky diode hydrogen gas sensor that: 1) resides on the top of atomically flat 4H-SiC webbed cantilevers, 2) has integrated heater resistor, and 3) is bonded and packaged. With proper selection of heater resistor and sensor diode biases, rapid detection of H2 down to concentrations of 20 ppm was achieved. A stable sensor current gain of 125 +/- 11 standard deviation was demonstrated during 250 hours of cyclic test exposures to 0.5% H2 and N2/air.

  10. An Integrative Architecture for a Sensor-Supported Trust Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Tr?ek

    2012-01-01

    Trust plays a key role not only in e-worlds and emerging pervasive computing environments, but also already for millennia in human societies. Trust management solutions that have being around now for some fifteen years were primarily developed for the above mentioned cyber environments and they are typically focused on artificial agents, sensors, etc. However, this paper presents extensions of a new methodology together with architecture for trust management support that ...

  11. Monitoring Architectural Heritage by Wireless Sensors Networks: San Gimignano — A Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandro Mecocci; Andrea Abrardo

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN) used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the “Rognosa” tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes lin...

  12. Botnet Detection Architecture Based on Heterogeneous Multi-sensor Information Fusion

    OpenAIRE

    HaiLong Wang; Jie Hou; ZhengHu Gong

    2011-01-01

    As technology has been developed rapidly, botnet threats to the global cyber community are also increasing. And the botnet detection has recently become a major research topic in the field of network security. Most of the current detection approaches work only on the evidence from single information source, which can not hold all the traces of botnet and hardly achieve high accuracy. In this paper, a novel botnet detection architecture based on heterogeneous multi-sensor information fusion is...

  13. Lightweight Filter Architecture for Energy Efficient Mobile Vehicle Localization Based on a Distributed Acoustic Sensor Network

    OpenAIRE

    Keonwook Kim

    2013-01-01

    The generic properties of an acoustic signal provide numerous benefits for localization by applying energy-based methods over a deployed wireless sensor network (WSN). However, the signal generated by a stationary target utilizes a significant amount of bandwidth and power in the system without providing further position information. For vehicle localization, this paper proposes a novel proximity velocity vector estimator (PVVE) node architecture in order to capture the energy from a moving v...

  14. Modular Architecture for Sensor Systems (MASS) : description, analysis, simulation, and implementation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stark, Douglas P.; Davis, Jesse Zehring; Edmonds, Nicholas

    2004-11-01

    A particular engineering aspect of distributed sensor networks that has not received adequate attention is the system level hardware architecture of the individual nodes of the network. A novel hardware architecture based on an idea of task specific modular computing is proposed to provide for both the high flexibility and low power consumption required for distributed sensing solutions. The power consumption of the architecture is mathematically analyzed against a traditional approach, and guidelines are developed for application scenarios that would benefit from using this new design. Furthermore a method of decentralized control for the modular system is developed and analyzed. Finally, a few policies for power minimization in the decentralized system are proposed and analyzed.

  15. A flexible data fusion architecture for persistent surveillance using ultra-low-power wireless sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Jeffrey A.; McLaughlin, Keith L.; Sereno, Thomas J.

    2011-06-01

    We have developed a flexible, target-driven, multi-modal, physics-based fusion architecture that efficiently searches sensor detections for targets and rejects clutter while controlling the combinatoric problems that commonly arise in datadriven fusion systems. The informational constraints imposed by long lifetime requirements make systems vulnerable to false alarms. We demonstrate that our data fusion system significantly reduces false alarms while maintaining high sensitivity to threats. In addition, mission goals can vary substantially in terms of targets-of-interest, required characterization, acceptable latency, and false alarm rates. Our fusion architecture provides the flexibility to match these trade-offs with mission requirements unlike many conventional systems that require significant modifications for each new mission. We illustrate our data fusion performance with case studies that span many of the potential mission scenarios including border surveillance, base security, and infrastructure protection. In these studies, we deployed multi-modal sensor nodes - including geophones, magnetometers, accelerometers and PIR sensors - with low-power processing algorithms and low-bandwidth wireless mesh networking to create networks capable of multi-year operation. The results show our data fusion architecture maintains high sensitivities while suppressing most false alarms for a variety of environments and targets.

  16. A proxy design to leverage the interconnection of CoAP wireless sensor networks with web applications

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandro Ludovici; Anna Calveras

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be shor...

  17. Low-energy, low-budget sensor web enablement of an amateur weather station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, G.; Herrnkind, S.; Klump, J.

    2008-12-01

    Sensor Web Enablement (OGC SWE) has developed in into a powerful concept with many potential applications in environmental monitoring and in other fields. This has spurred development of software applications for Sensor Observation Services (SOS), while the development of client applications still lags behind. Furthermore, the deployment of sensors in the field often places tight constraints on energy and bandwidth available for data capture and transmission. As a "proof of concept" we equipped an amateur weather station with low-budget, standard components to read the data from its base station and feed it into a sensor observation service using its standard web- service interface. We chose the weather station as an example because of its simple measured phenomena and its low data volume. As sensor observation service we chose the open source software package offered by the 52North consortium. Power consumption can be problematic when deploying a sensor platform in the field. Instead of a common PC we used a Network Storage Link Unit (NSLU2) with a Linux operating system, a configuration also known as "Debian SLUG". The power consumption of a "SLUG" is of the order of 2 to 5 Watt, compared to 40W in a small PC. The "SLUG" provides one ethernet and two USB ports, one used by its external USB hard-drive. This modular setup is open to modifications, for example the addition of a GSM modem for data transmission over a cellular telephone network. The simple setup, low price, low power consumption, and the low technological entry-level allow many potential uses of a "SLUG" in environmental sensor networks in research, education and citizen science. The use of a mature sensor observation service software allows an easy integration of monitoring networks with other web services.

  18. Active pixel sensor architectures in a-SiH for medical imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most widely used architecture in large area amorphous silicon (a-Si) flat panel imagers is the passive pixel sensor (PPS), which consists of a detector and a readout switch. While the PPS has the advantage of being compact and amenable towards high-resolution imaging, reading the low PPS output signal requires external circuitry such as column charge amplifiers that produce additional noise and reduce the minimum readable sensor input signal. This work presents a voltage mediated active pixel sensor (APS) on-pixel readout circuit for diagnostic medical imaging to minimize external component count and hence external readout noise sources. Preliminary results indicate excellent APS linearity along with a pixel readout time suitable for mammography or radiography

  19. A Multi-Robot Control Architecture for Fault-Tolerant Sensor-Based Coverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin Ozkan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Sensor-based coverage problems have many applications such as patrolling, search-rescue, and surveillance. Using multi-robot team increases efficiency by reducing completion time of a sensor-based coverage task. Robustness to robot failures is another advantage of using multiple robots for coverage. Although there are many works to increase the efficiency of coverage methods, there are few works related to robot failures in the literature. In this paper, fault-tolerant control architecture is proposed for sensor-based coverage. Robot failures are detected using the heartbeat strategy. To show the effectiveness of the proposed approach, experiments are conducted using P3-DX mobile robots both in laboratory and simulation environment.

  20. Architecture and methods for UAV-based heterogeneous sensor network applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonio, Pedro; Caputo, Davide; Gandelli, Alessandro; Grimaccia, Francesco; Mussetta, Marco

    2012-09-01

    Wireless sensor netwoks (WSN) employ miniaturized devices which integrate sensing, processing, and communication capabilities. In this paper an innovative mobile platform for heterogeneous sensor networks is presented, combined with adaptive methods to optimize the communication architecture for novel potential applications even in coastal and marine environment monitoring. In fact, in the near future, WSN data collection could be performed by UAV platforms which can be a sink for ground sensors layer, acting essentially as a mobile gateway. In order to maximize the system performances and the network lifespan, the authors propose a recently developed hybrid technique based on evolutionary algorithms. This procedure is here applied to optimize the communication energy consumption in WSN by selecting the optimal multi-hop routing schemes, with a suitable hybridization of different routing criteria. The proposed approach can be potentially extended and applied to ongoing research projects focused on UAV-based remote sensing of the ocean, sea ice, coastal waters, and large water regions.

  1. CMOS pixel sensor development: a fast read-out architecture with integrated zero suppression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu-Guo, Ch; Baudot, J; Bertolone, G; Besson, A; Brogna, A S; Colledani, C; Claus, G; De Masi, R; Dorokhov, A; Doziere, G; Dulinski, W; Fang, X; Goffe, M; Himmi, A; Jaaskelainen, K; Koziel, M; Morel, F [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, University of Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, 23 rue du loess, BP 28, 67037 Strasbourg (France); Degerli, Y; Gelin, M; Guilloux, F [IRFU/SEDI, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)], E-mail: Christine.Hu@IReS.in2p3.fr (and others)

    2009-04-15

    CMOS Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors (MAPS) have demonstrated their strong potential for tracking devices, particularly for flavour tagging. They are foreseen to equip several vertex detectors and beam telescopes. Most applications require high read-out speed, which imposes sensors to feature digital output with integrated zero suppression. The most recent development of MAPS at IPHC and IRFU addressing this issue will be reviewed. The design architecture, combining pixel array, column-level discriminators and zero suppression circuits, will be presented. Each pixel features a preamplifier and a correlated double sampling (CDS) micro-circuit reducing the temporal and fixed pattern noises. The sensor is fully programmable and can be monitored. It will equip experimental apparatus starting data taking in 2009/2010.

  2. CMOS pixel sensor development: a fast read-out architecture with integrated zero suppression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CMOS Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors (MAPS) have demonstrated their strong potential for tracking devices, particularly for flavour tagging. They are foreseen to equip several vertex detectors and beam telescopes. Most applications require high read-out speed, which imposes sensors to feature digital output with integrated zero suppression. The most recent development of MAPS at IPHC and IRFU addressing this issue will be reviewed. The design architecture, combining pixel array, column-level discriminators and zero suppression circuits, will be presented. Each pixel features a preamplifier and a correlated double sampling (CDS) micro-circuit reducing the temporal and fixed pattern noises. The sensor is fully programmable and can be monitored. It will equip experimental apparatus starting data taking in 2009/2010.

  3. Distributed Sensor Architecture for Intelligent Control that Supports Quality of Control and Quality of Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose-Luis Poza-Lujan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of a study of intelligent architectures for distributed control and communications systems. The study focuses on optimizing control systems by evaluating the performance of middleware through quality of service (QoS parameters and the optimization of control using Quality of Control (QoC parameters. The main aim of this work is to study, design, develop, and evaluate a distributed control architecture based on the Data-Distribution Service for Real-Time Systems (DDS communication standard as proposed by the Object Management Group (OMG. As a result of the study, an architecture called Frame-Sensor-Adapter to Control (FSACtrl has been developed. FSACtrl provides a model to implement an intelligent distributed Event-Based Control (EBC system with support to measure QoS and QoC parameters. The novelty consists of using, simultaneously, the measured QoS and QoC parameters to make decisions about the control action with a new method called Event Based Quality Integral Cycle. To validate the architecture, the first five Braitenberg vehicles have been implemented using the FSACtrl architecture. The experimental outcomes, demonstrate the convenience of using jointly QoS and QoC parameters in distributed control systems.

  4. A Simple Fiber Bragg Grating-Based Sensor Network Architecture with Self-Protecting and Monitoring Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Hung Yeh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG-based passive sensor architecture, which can be used to protect the fiber cut and monitor the multiple sensors simultaneously, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Here, we employ a wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber (EDF laser scheme with 25 km cavity length acting as the detecting light source in central office (CO. Each FBG sensor, serving as a feedback element, is used in proposed sensor architecture. By tuning the tunable bandpass filter (TBF placing inside cavity to match the corresponding Bragg wavelength of FBG over the amplification bandwidth, we can retrieve the related wavelength lasing for the FBG sensing and monitoring simultaneously. Moreover, the survivability and capacity of the passive FBG sensor architecture can be also enhanced.

  5. Adaptive Fault Detection on Liquid Propulsion Systems with Virtual Sensors: Algorithms and Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Bryan L.; Srivastava, Ashok N.

    2010-01-01

    Prior to the launch of STS-119 NASA had completed a study of an issue in the flow control valve (FCV) in the Main Propulsion System of the Space Shuttle using an adaptive learning method known as Virtual Sensors. Virtual Sensors are a class of algorithms that estimate the value of a time series given other potentially nonlinearly correlated sensor readings. In the case presented here, the Virtual Sensors algorithm is based on an ensemble learning approach and takes sensor readings and control signals as input to estimate the pressure in a subsystem of the Main Propulsion System. Our results indicate that this method can detect faults in the FCV at the time when they occur. We use the standard deviation of the predictions of the ensemble as a measure of uncertainty in the estimate. This uncertainty estimate was crucial to understanding the nature and magnitude of transient characteristics during startup of the engine. This paper overviews the Virtual Sensors algorithm and discusses results on a comprehensive set of Shuttle missions and also discusses the architecture necessary for deploying such algorithms in a real-time, closed-loop system or a human-in-the-loop monitoring system. These results were presented at a Flight Readiness Review of the Space Shuttle in early 2009.

  6. Enviro-Net: From Networks of Ground-Based Sensor Systems to a Web Platform for Sensor Data Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario A. Nascimento

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Ecosystems monitoring is essential to properly understand their development and the effects of events, both climatological and anthropological in nature. The amount of data used in these assessments is increasing at very high rates. This is due to increasing availability of sensing systems and the development of new techniques to analyze sensor data. The Enviro-Net Project encompasses several of such sensor system deployments across five countries in the Americas. These deployments use a few different ground-based sensor systems, installed at different heights monitoring the conditions in tropical dry forests over long periods of time. This paper presents our experience in deploying and maintaining these systems, retrieving and pre-processing the data, and describes the Web portal developed to help with data management, visualization and analysis.

  7. An Ontological Approach to Representing and Reasoning about Events in the Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devaraju, Anusuriya

    2013-04-01

    While observations are fed into the Sensor Web through a growing number of environmental sensors, the challenge is to infer information about geographic events they reflect. For example, we may ask what the measurements mean when a service compiles hourly wind speeds from different providers. The service should perhaps include meaningful descriptions than just the measurements; for instance, whether the wind occurring at a particular site is nearly calm or reflects a windstorm. Similarly, we may want to know the intensity of a snowfall occurrence from a series of visibility measurements supplied by a visibility sensor. A systematic approach representing domain knowledge is vital when reasoning about events at the conceptual level. A description of how one gets from observations to inferred events must be expressed. Environmental models usually capture such information. Nonetheless, they jeopardize transparency; the information contained within these models is implicit, limited to domain experts, and hard to acquire or manipulate. The formal specifications in the Semantic Sensor Web primarily describe sensors and observations; they do not describe information concerning geographic events. Existing event-oriented ontologies represent common concepts concerning events, e.g., participant, time, location and relations between events. Nevertheless, the event-of-interest is not explicitly associated with sensing concepts such as observation event, sensor and result. This paper delivers an ontology to formally capture the relations between observations and geographic events. The ontology constitutes common building blocks for constructing application ontologies that account for inferences of the former from the latter. The formal vocabularies are exploited with a rule-based mechanism to support inferences of events from in-situ observations. The paper also demonstrates how these vocabularies are used to formulate symbolic spatio-temporal queries in the Sensor Web. A use case for reasoning about blizzards and their temporal parts from time series supplied by the Environment Canada illustrates the ontological approach.

  8. Semantics of immersive web through its architectural structure and graphic primitives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén González Crespo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, practices and tools for computer-aided three-dimensional design, do not allow the semantic description of objects constructed in some cases specified notations as handling layers, or labeling of each development itself. The lack of a standard for the description of the elements represents a major drawback for using advanced three-dimensional environments such as the automation of search and construction processes that require semantic knowledge of its elements.This project proposes the development the semantic composition from the hierarchy of three-dimensional visualization of graphics primitives used to construct three-dimensional objects, taking into account the geometric composition architecture of standard 19775-1 of the International Electrotechnical Commission of the International Organization for StandardizationFor the development of semantic composition use the methodology methontology proposed by the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, because it allows the construction of ontologies about specific domains, limiting the domain by defining classes and subclasses, relationships and the generation of instances a framework for resource description on web ontology language.

  9. Architecture Supporting Discovery and Management of Heterogeneous Sensors for Smart System Using Generic Middleware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soma Bandyopadhyay

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This Smart environments, starting from smart home to more complex one like smart city, demand efficientinteroperation mechanism among different heterogeneous sensors including the discovery and themanagement of these devices. The diverse domains of applications also require interoperation amongthemselves. The middleware plays a key role to achieve this interoperation. The middleware is alsoresponsible for providing abstractions to the application interfaces and device sensing. In the currentarticle middleware architecture along with a method for efficient device interoperation by generating ageneric device attributes (GDA structure is presented. The middleware performs semantic analysis onthe content of the device attributes while performing the discovery and managing the device. It supports,efficient way of sensor discovery, management and posting of sensed data. Smart irrigation and firmingenvironment is considered as a use case here. The presented architecture is modular, based on objectoriented concept and generic in nature. This can be further extended for any smart system. A futureresearch scope of the proposed architecture is also discussed while concluding the article.

  10. High performance architecture design for large scale fibre-optic sensor arrays using distributed EDFAs and hybrid TDM/DWDM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A distributed amplified dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) array architecture is presented for interferometric fibre-optic sensor array systems. This architecture employs a distributed erbium-doped fibre amplifier (EDFA) scheme to decrease the array insertion loss, and employs time division multiplexing (TDM) at each wavelength to increase the number of sensors that can be supported. The first experimental demonstration of this system is reported including results which show the potential for multiplexing and interrogating up to 4096 sensors using a single telemetry fibre pair with good system performance. The number can be increased to 8192 by using dual pump sources. (paper)

  11. High performance architecture design for large scale fibre-optic sensor arrays using distributed EDFAs and hybrid TDM/DWDM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Yi; Austin, Ed; Nash, Philip J.; Kingsley, Stuart A.; Richardson, David J.

    2013-09-01

    A distributed amplified dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) array architecture is presented for interferometric fibre-optic sensor array systems. This architecture employs a distributed erbium-doped fibre amplifier (EDFA) scheme to decrease the array insertion loss, and employs time division multiplexing (TDM) at each wavelength to increase the number of sensors that can be supported. The first experimental demonstration of this system is reported including results which show the potential for multiplexing and interrogating up to 4096 sensors using a single telemetry fibre pair with good system performance. The number can be increased to 8192 by using dual pump sources.

  12. A wireless soil moisture smart sensor web using physics-based optimal control: Concept and initial demonstrations

    OpenAIRE

    Moghaddam, Mahta; Entekhabi, Dara; Goykhman, Yuriy; Li, Ke; Liu, Mingyan; Mahajan, Aditya; Nayyar, Ashutosh; Shuman, David; Teneketzis, Demosthenis

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a new concept for a smart wireless sensor web technology for optimal measurements of surface-to-depth profiles of soil moisture using in-situ sensors. The objective of the technology, supported by the NASA Earth Science Technology Office Advanced Information Systems Technology program, is to enable a guided and adaptive sampling strategy for the in-situ sensor network to meet the measurement validation objectives of spaceborne soil moisture sensors. A potential applicati...

  13. Applying Semantic Web Services and Wireless Sensor Networks for System Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkenbrock, Gian Ricardo; Hirata, Celso Massaki; de Oliveira Júnior, Frederico Guilherme Álvares; de Oliveira, José Maria Parente

    In environments like factories, buildings, and homes automation services tend to often change during their lifetime. Changes are concerned to business rules, process optimization, cost reduction, and so on. It is important to provide a smooth and straightforward way to deal with these changes so that could be handled in a faster and low cost manner. Some prominent solutions use the flexibility of Wireless Sensor Networks and the meaningful description of Semantic Web Services to provide service integration. In this work, we give an overview of current solutions for machinery integration that combine both technologies as well as a discussion about some perspectives and open issues when applying Wireless Sensor Networks and Semantic Web Services for automation services integration.

  14. Monitoring Architectural Heritage by Wireless Sensors Networks: San Gimignano — A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecocci, Alessandro; Abrardo, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN) used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the “Rognosa” tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes linked to suitable sensors capable of monitoring crucial parameters like: temperature, humidity, masonry cracks, pouring rain, and visual light. The access to data is granted by a user interface for remote control. The WSN can autonomously send remote alarms when predefined thresholds are reached. PMID:24394600

  15. Monitoring architectural heritage by wireless sensors networks: San Gimignano--a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecocci, Alessandro; Abrardo, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN) used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the "Rognosa" tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes linked to suitable sensors capable of monitoring crucial parameters like: temperature, humidity, masonry cracks, pouring rain, and visual light. The access to data is granted by a user interface for remote control. The WSN can autonomously send remote alarms when predefined thresholds are reached. PMID:24394600

  16. LIDeA: A Distributed Lightweight Intrusion Detection Architecture for Sensor Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giannetsos, Athanasios; Krontiris, Ioannis; Dimitriou, Tassos

    2008-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks are vulnerable to adversaries as they are frequently deployed in open and unattended environments. Preventive mechanisms can be applied to protect them from an assortment of attacks. However, more sophisticated methods, like intrusion detection systems, are needed to...... achieve a more autonomic and complete defense mechanism, even against attacks that have not been anticipated in advance. In this paper, we present a lightweight intrusion detection system, called LIDeA, designed for wireless sensor networks. LIDeA is based on a distributed architecture, in which nodes...... overhear their neighboring nodes and collaborate with each other in order to successfully detect an intrusion. We show how such a system can be implemented in TinyOS, which components and interfaces are needed, and what is the resulting overhead imposed....

  17. Monitoring Architectural Heritage by Wireless Sensors Networks: San Gimignano — A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Mecocci

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the “Rognosa” tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes linked to suitable sensors capable of monitoring crucial parameters like: temperature, humidity, masonry cracks, pouring rain, and visual light. The access to data is granted by a user interface for remote control. The WSN can autonomously send remote alarms when predefined thresholds are reached.

  18. "Development of an interactive crop growth web service architecture to review and forecast agricultural sustainability"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seamon, E.; Gessler, P. E.; Flathers, E.; Walden, V. P.

    2014-12-01

    As climate change and weather variability raise issues regarding agricultural production, agricultural sustainability has become an increasingly important component for farmland management (Fisher, 2005, Akinci, 2013). Yet with changes in soil quality, agricultural practices, weather, topography, land use, and hydrology - accurately modeling such agricultural outcomes has proven difficult (Gassman et al, 2007, Williams et al, 1995). This study examined agricultural sustainability and soil health over a heterogeneous multi-watershed area within the Inland Pacific Northwest of the United States (IPNW) - as part of a five year, USDA funded effort to explore the sustainability of cereal production systems (Regional Approaches to Climate Change for Pacific Northwest Agriculture - award #2011-68002-30191). In particular, crop growth and soil erosion were simulated across a spectrum of variables and time periods - using the CropSyst crop growth model (Stockle et al, 2002) and the Water Erosion Protection Project Model (WEPP - Flanagan and Livingston, 1995), respectively. A preliminary range of historical scenarios were run, using a high-resolution, 4km gridded dataset of surface meteorological variables from 1979-2010 (Abatzoglou, 2012). In addition, Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project (CMIP5) global climate model (GCM) outputs were used as input to run crop growth model and erosion future scenarios (Abatzoglou and Brown, 2011). To facilitate our integrated data analysis efforts, an agricultural sustainability web service architecture (THREDDS/Java/Python based) is under development, to allow for the programmatic uploading, sharing and processing of variable input data, running model simulations, as well as downloading and visualizing output results. The results of this study will assist in better understanding agricultural sustainability and erosion relationships in the IPNW, as well as provide a tangible server-based tool for use by researchers and farmers - for both small scale field examination, or more regionalized scenarios.

  19. SoyBase Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP) Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semantic web technologies offer the potential to link internet resources and data by shared concepts without having to rely on absolute lexical matches. Thus two web sites or web resources which are concerned with similar data types could be identified based on similar semantics. In the biological...

  20. Three-dimensional spider-web architecture assembled from Na?Ti?O? nanotubes as a high performance anode for a sodium-ion battery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuping; Guo, Lin; Yang, Shihe

    2014-11-21

    A Na2Ti3O7 nanotube-assembled three-dimensional spider-web architecture is synthesized using a hydrothermal method. The self-similar network architecture exhibits an excellent performance as an anode for a room temperature sodium ion battery without any additives (e.g. binder, conducting agent) for the first time. PMID:25268774

  1. A Unified Robotic Software Architecture for Service Robotics and Networks of Smart Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westhoff, Daniel; Zhang, Jianwei

    This paper proposes a novel architecture for the programming of multi-modal service robots and networked sensors. The presented software framework eases the development of high-level applications for distributed systems. The software architecture is based upon the Roblet-Technology, which is an exceptionally powerful medium in robotics. The possibility to develop, compile and execute an application on one workstation and distribute parts of a program based on the idea of mobile code is pointed out. Since the Roblet-Technology uses Java the development is independent of the operation system. The framework hides the network communication and therefore greatly improves the programming and testing of applications in service robotics. The concept is evaluated in the context of the service robot TASER of the TAMS Institute at the University of Hamburg. This robot consists of a mobile platform with two manipulators equipped with artificial hands. Several multimodal input and output devices for interaction round off the robot. Networked cameras in the working environment of TASER provide additional information to the robot. The integration of these smart sensors shows the extendability of the proposed concept to general distributed systems.

  2. Optical Flow in a Smart Sensor Based on Hybrid Analog-Digital Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Guzmán

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a motion sensor (delivering optical flow estimations using a platform that includes the sensor itself, focal plane processing resources, and co-processing resources on a general purpose embedded processor. All this is implemented on a single device as a SoC (System-on-a-Chip. Optical flow is the 2-D projection into the camera plane of the 3-D motion information presented at the world scenario. This motion representation is widespread well-known and applied in the science community to solve a wide variety of problems. Most applications based on motion estimation require work in real-time; hence, this restriction must be taken into account. In this paper, we show an efficient approach to estimate the motion velocity vectors with an architecture based on a focal plane processor combined on-chip with a 32 bits NIOS II processor. Our approach relies on the simplification of the original optical flow model and its efficient implementation in a platform that combines an analog (focal-plane and digital (NIOS II processor. The system is fully functional and is organized in different stages where the early processing (focal plane stage is mainly focus to pre-process the input image stream to reduce the computational cost in the post-processing (NIOS II stage. We present the employed co-design techniques and analyze this novel architecture. We evaluate the system’s performance and accuracy with respect to the different proposed approaches described in the literature. We also discuss the advantages of the proposed approach as well as the degree of efficiency which can be obtained from the focal plane processing capabilities of the system. The final outcome is a low cost smart sensor for optical flow computation with real-time performance and reduced power consumption that can be used for very diverse application domains.

  3. Layered Ontological Modelling for Web Service-oriented Model-Driven Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Pahl, Claus

    2005-01-01

    Modelling is recognised as an essential activity in the architectural design of software systems. Model-driven architecture (MDA) is a framework implementing this idea. Ontologies are knowledge representation frameworks that are ideally suited to support modelling in this endeavour. We propose here a layered ontological framework that addresses domain modelling, architectural modelling, and interoperability aspects in the development of service-based software systems. We ...

  4. Design and Implementation of an Architectural Framework for Web Portals in a Ubiquitous Pervasive Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Wun-Cheol Jeong; Seong-Soon Joo; Ki-Hyung Kim; Seung-Wha Yoo; Muhammad Taqi Raza

    2009-01-01

    Web Portals function as a single point of access to information on the World Wide Web (WWW). The web portal always contacts the portal’s gateway for the information flow that causes network traffic over the Internet. Moreover, it provides real time/dynamic access to the stored information, but not access to the real time information. This inherent functionality of web portals limits their role for resource constrained digital devices in the Ubiquitous era (U-era). This paper presents a framew...

  5. An Analytical Approach for Optimal Clustering Architecture for Maximizing Lifetime in Large Scale Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Yogesh Rai

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Many methods have been researched to prolong sensor network lifetime using mobile technologies. In the mobile sink research, there are the track based methods and the anchor points based methods as representative operation methods for mobile sinks. However, the existing methods decrease Quality of Service (QoS and lead the routing hotspot in the vicinity of the mobile sink. In large scale wireless sensor networks, clustering is an effective technique for the purpose of improving the utilization of limited energy and prolonging the network lifetime. However, the problem of unbalanced energy dissipation exists in the multi-hop clustering model, where the cluster heads closer to the sink have to relay heavier traffic and consume more energy than farther nodes. In this paper we analyze several aspects based on the optimal clustering architecture for maximizing lifetime for large scale wireless sensor network. We also provide some analytical concepts for energy-aware head rotation and routing protocols to further balance the energy consumption among all nodes.

  6. Vision-Based Sensor for Early Detection of Periodical Defects in Web Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Molleda

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available During the production of web materials such as plastic, textiles or metal, where there are rolls involved in the production process, periodically generated defects may occur. If one of these rolls has some kind of flaw, it can generate a defect on the material surface each time it completes a full turn. This can cause the generation of a large number of surface defects, greatly degrading the product quality. For this reason, it is necessary to have a system that can detect these situations as soon as possible. This paper presents a vision-based sensor for the early detection of this kind of defects. It can be adapted to be used in the inspection of any web material, even when the input data are very noisy. To assess its performance, the sensor system was used to detect periodical defects in hot steel strips. A total of 36 strips produced in ArcelorMittal Avilés factory were used for this purpose, 18 to determine the optimal configuration of the proposed sensor using a full-factorial experimental design and the other 18 to verify the validity of the results. Next, they were compared with those provided by a commercial system used worldwide, showing a clear improvement.

  7. A Web services-based distributed system with browser-client architecture to promote tele-audiology assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Jianchu; Givens, Gregg D; Wan, Yongbo

    2009-10-01

    The purpose of this research was to extend applications of the Internet and other telecommunication means to the assessment of hearing. The newly developed distributed system consists primarily of an application server and its database, and Web services under browser-server architecture to support remote hearing assessment. A pilot study was conducted: three independent audiologists assessed hearing of 25 subjects using testing approaches with different data communication configurations. Analysis of the results demonstrated the feasibility of replacing conventional "face-to-face" tests with the remote hearing tests using the distributed system. Because of its distributed architecture, the present system supports a new service model and separates technical maintenance and clinical services. Consequently, the system shows great potential to benefit the clinical hearing care profession. Future research is planned to apply this system to medical facilities and for distance applications. PMID:19780690

  8. Coordinated traffic incident management using the I-Net embedded sensor architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudziak, Martin J.

    1999-01-01

    The I-Net intelligent embedded sensor architecture enables the reconfigurable construction of wide-area remote sensing and data collection networks employing diverse processing and data acquisition modules communicating over thin- server/thin-client protocols. Adaptive initially for operation using mobile remotely-piloted vehicle platforms such as small helicopter robots such as the Hornet and Ascend-I, the I-Net architecture lends itself to a critical problem in the management of both spontaneous and planned traffic congestion and rerouting over major interstate thoroughfares such as the I-95 Corridor. Pre-programmed flight plans and ad hoc operator-assisted navigation of the lightweight helicopter, using an auto-pilot and gyroscopic stabilization augmentation units, allows daytime or nighttime over-the-horizon flights of the unit to collect and transmit real-time video imagery that may be stored or transmitted to other locations. With on-board GPS and ground-based pattern recognition capabilities to augment the standard video collection process, this approach enables traffic management and emergency response teams to plan and assist real-time in the adjustment of traffic flows in high- density or congested areas or during dangerous road conditions such as during ice, snow, and hurricane storms. The I-Net architecture allows for integration of land-based and roadside sensors within a comprehensive automated traffic management system with communications to and form an airborne or other platform to devices in the network other than human-operated desktop computers, thereby allowing more rapid assimilation and response for critical data. Experiments have been conducted using several modified platforms and standard video and still photographic equipment. Current research and development is focused upon modification of the modular instrumentation units in order to accommodate faster loading and reloading of equipment onto the RPV, extension of the I-Net architecture to enable RPV-to-RPV signaling and control, and refinement of safety and emergency mechanisms to handle RPV mechanical failure during flight.

  9. CIB: An Improved Communication Architecture for Real-Time Monitoring of Aerospace Materials, Instruments, and Sensors on the ISS

    OpenAIRE

    Michael J. Krasowski; Prokop, Norman F.; Flatico, Joseph M.; Greer, Lawrence C.; Jenkins, Phillip P.; Neudeck, Philip G.; Liangyu Chen; Spina, Danny C.

    2013-01-01

    The Communications Interface Board (CIB) is an improved communications architecture that was demonstrated on the International Space Station (ISS). ISS communication interfaces allowing for real-time telemetry and health monitoring require a significant amount of development. The CIB simplifies the communications interface to the ISS for real-time health monitoring, telemetry, and control of resident sensors or experiments. With a simpler interface available to the telemetry bus, more sensors...

  10. A Collaborative Web-Based Architecture For Sharing ToxCast Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collaborative Drug Discovery (CDD) has created a scalable platform that combines traditional drug discovery informatics with Web2.0 features. Traditional drug discovery capabilities include substructure, similarity searching and export to excel or sdf formats. Web2.0 features inc...

  11. Inversion of Web Service Invocation using Publish/Subscribe Push-Based Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Thanisa Numnonda; Rattakorn Poonsuph

    2012-01-01

    Among enterprise application integration solutions, Web services technologies are promising technologies to achieve the interoperability in heterogeneous environments. However, traditional Web service invocation may lead to unnecessary network traffic, long response time, and bottleneck problems at service providers. While a publish/subscribe model provides an advantage of prompt notification which can eliminate unnecessary network traffic, its achievement in interoperability is limited. By i...

  12. Semantics empowered web 3.0 managing enterprise, social, sensor, and cloud-based data and services for advanced applications

    CERN Document Server

    Sheth, Amit

    2012-01-01

    After the traditional document-centric Web 1.0 and user-generated content focused Web 2.0, Web 3.0 has become a repository of an ever growing variety of Web resources that include data and services associated with enterprises, social networks, sensors, cloud, as well as mobile and other devices that constitute the Internet of Things. These pose unprecedented challenges in terms of heterogeneity (variety), scale (volume), and continuous changes (velocity), as well as present corresponding opportunities if they can be exploited. Just as semantics has played a critical role in dealing with data h

  13. Objectively Optimized Observation Direction System Providing Situational Awareness for a Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aulov, O.; Lary, D. J.

    2010-12-01

    There is great utility in having a flexible and automated objective observation direction system for the decadal survey missions and beyond. Such a system allows us to optimize the observations made by suite of sensors to address specific goals from long term monitoring to rapid response. We have developed such a prototype using a network of communicating software elements to control a heterogeneous network of sensor systems, which can have multiple modes and flexible viewing geometries. Our system makes sensor systems intelligent and situationally aware. Together they form a sensor web of multiple sensors working together and capable of automated target selection, i.e. the sensors “know” where they are, what they are able to observe, what targets and with what priorities they should observe. This system is implemented in three components. The first component is a Sensor Web simulator. The Sensor Web simulator describes the capabilities and locations of each sensor as a function of time, whether they are orbital, sub-orbital, or ground based. The simulator has been implemented using AGIs Satellite Tool Kit (STK). STK makes it easy to analyze and visualize optimal solutions for complex space scenarios, and perform complex analysis of land, sea, air, space assets, and shares results in one integrated solution. The second component is target scheduler that was implemented with STK Scheduler. STK Scheduler is powered by a scheduling engine that finds better solutions in a shorter amount of time than traditional heuristic algorithms. The global search algorithm within this engine is based on neural network technology that is capable of finding solutions to larger and more complex problems and maximizing the value of limited resources. The third component is a modeling and data assimilation system. It provides situational awareness by supplying the time evolution of uncertainty and information content metrics that are used to tell us what we need to observe and the priority we should give to the observations. A prototype of this component was implemented with AutoChem. AutoChem is NASA release software constituting an automatic code generation, symbolic differentiator, analysis, documentation, and web site creation tool for atmospheric chemical modeling and data assimilation. Its model is explicit and uses an adaptive time-step, error monitoring time integration scheme for stiff systems of equations. AutoChem was the first model to ever have the facility to perform 4D-Var data assimilation and Kalman filter. The project developed a control system with three main accomplishments. First, fully multivariate observational and theoretical information with associated uncertainties was combined using a full Kalman filter data assimilation system. Second, an optimal distribution of the computations and of data queries was achieved by utilizing high performance computers/load balancing and a set of automatically mirrored databases. Third, inter-instrument bias correction was performed using machine learning. The PI for this project was Dr. David Lary of the UMBC Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center.

  14. Next-Generation Real-Time Geodetic Station Sensor Web for Natural Hazards Research and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bock, Y.; Clayton, R. W.; Fang, P.; Geng, J.; Gutman, S. I.; Kedar, S.; Laber, J. L.; Moore, A. W.; Owen, S. E.; Small, I.; Squibb, M. B.; Webb, F.; Yu, E.

    2012-12-01

    We report on a NASA AIST project focused on better forecasting, assessing, and mitigating natural hazards, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and extreme storms and flooding through development and implementation of a modular technology for the next-generation in-situ geodetic station, and a Geodetic Sensor Web to support the flow of information from multiple stations to scientists, mission planners, decision makers, and first responders. Meaningful warnings save lives when issued within 1-2 minutes for destructive earthquakes, several tens of minutes for tsunamis, and up to several hours for extreme storms and flooding, and can be provided by on-site fusion of multiple data types and generation of higher-order data products: GPS and accelerometer measurements to estimate point displacements, and GPS and meteorological measurements to estimate moisture variability in the free atmosphere. By operating semi-autonomously, each station can provide low-latency, high-fidelity and compact data products within the constraints of narrow communications bandwidth that often accompanies natural disasters. The project encompasses the following tasks, including hardware and software components: (1) Development of a power-efficient, low-cost, plug-in Geodetic Module for fusion of data from in situ sensors including GPS, a MEMS accelerometer package, and a MEMS meteorological sensor package, for deployment at 26 existing continuous GPS stations in southern California. The low-cost modular design is scalable to the many existing continuous GPS stations worldwide. (2) Estimation of new on-the-fly data products with 1 mm precision and accuracy, including three-dimensional broadband displacements and precipitable water, by new software embedded in the Geodetic Module's processor, rather than at a central processing facility. (3) Development of a Geodetic Sensor Web to allow the semi-autonomous sensors to transmit and receive information in real time by means of redundant sensor proxy servers and message broker networks to allow for robust sensor control, flow of data, data products, models and alarms, and to avoid single points of failure during emergencies. The team from SIO and JPL is working with users at the two National Weather Service Weather Forecast Offices in southern California (San Diego and Los Angeles/Oxnard) and NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory in Boulder to provide tropospheric signal delays and precipitable water vapor estimates for forecasting severe storms and flooding. Broadband displacements for earthquake and tsunami early warning and rapid response are being made available to users in the geophysics community through the Southern California Earthquake Data Center at Caltech.

  15. Towards NFC payments using a lightweight architecture for the Web of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Grønli, T-M; Ghinea, G.; Pourghomi, P

    2014-01-01

    The Web (and Internet) of Things has seen the rapid emergence of new protocols and standards, which provide for innovative models of interaction for applications. One such model fostered by the Web of Things (WoT) ecosystem is that of contactless interaction between devices. Near Field Communication (NFC) technology is one such enabler of contactless interactions. Contactless technology for the WoT requires all parties to agree one common definition and implementation and, in this paper, we p...

  16. Generic Vehicle Architecture for the integration and sharing of in-vehicle and extra-vehicle sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergamaschi, Flavio; Conway-Jones, Dave; Peach, Nicholas

    2010-04-01

    In this paper we present a Generic Vehicle Architecture (GVA), developed as part of the UK MOD GVA programme that addresses the issues of dynamic platform re-role through modular capability integration and behaviour orchestration. The proposed architecture addresses the need for: a) easy integration with legacy and future systems, and architectures; b) scalability from individual sensors, individual human users, vehicles and patrols to battle groups and brigades; c) rapid introduction of new capabilities in response to a changing operational scenario; d) be agnostic of communications systems, devices, operating systems and computer platforms. The GVA leverages the use of research output and tools developed by the International Technology Alliance (ITA) in Network and Information Science1 programme, in particular the ITA Sensor Fabric2-4 developed to address the challenges in the areas of sensor identification, classification, interoperability and sensor data sharing, dissemination and consumability, commonly present in tactical ISR/ISTAR,5 and the Gaian Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD)6-8 developed the challenges of accessing distributed sources of data in an ad-hoc environment where the consumers do not have the knowledge of the location of the data within the network. The GVA also promotes the use of off-the-shelf hardware, and software which is advantageous from the aspect of easy of upgrading, lower cost of support and replacement, and speed of re-deploying platforms through a "fitted for but not with" approach. The GVA exploits the services orientated architecture (SOA) environment provided by the ITA Sensor Fabric to enhance the capability of legacy solutions and applications by enabling information exchange between them by, for example, providing direct near real-time communication between legacy systems. The GVA, a prototype implementation demonstrator of this architecture has demonstrated its utility to fusing, exploiting and sharing situational awareness information for force protection, and platform and device health and usage information for logistics and deployment management.

  17. A survey of system architecture requirements for health care-based wireless sensor networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbogah, Emeka E; Fapojuwo, Abraham O

    2011-01-01

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have emerged as a viable technology for a vast number of applications, including health care applications. To best support these health care applications, WSN technology can be adopted for the design of practical Health Care WSNs (HCWSNs) that support the key system architecture requirements of reliable communication, node mobility support, multicast technology, energy efficiency, and the timely delivery of data. Work in the literature mostly focuses on the physical design of the HCWSNs (e.g., wearable sensors, in vivo embedded sensors, et cetera). However, work towards enhancing the communication layers (i.e., routing, medium access control, et cetera) to improve HCWSN performance is largely lacking. In this paper, the information gleaned from an extensive literature survey is shared in an effort to fortify the knowledge base for the communication aspect of HCWSNs. We highlight the major currently existing prototype HCWSNs and also provide the details of their routing protocol characteristics. We also explore the current state of the art in medium access control (MAC) protocols for WSNs, for the purpose of seeking an energy efficient solution that is robust to mobility and delivers data in a timely fashion. Furthermore, we review a number of reliable transport layer protocols, including a network coding based protocol from the literature, that are potentially suitable for delivering end-to-end reliability of data transmitted in HCWSNs. We identify the advantages and disadvantages of the reviewed MAC, routing, and transport layer protocols as they pertain to the design and implementation of a HCWSN. The findings from this literature survey will serve as a useful foundation for designing a reliable HCWSN and also contribute to the development and evaluation of protocols for improving the performance of future HCWSNs. Open issues that required further investigations are highlighted. PMID:22163881

  18. A Survey of System Architecture Requirements for Health Care-Based Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham O. Fapojuwo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs have emerged as a viable technology for a vast number of applications, including health care applications. To best support these health care applications, WSN technology can be adopted for the design of practical Health Care WSNs (HCWSNs that support the key system architecture requirements of reliable communication, node mobility support, multicast technology, energy efficiency, and the timely delivery of data. Work in the literature mostly focuses on the physical design of the HCWSNs (e.g., wearable sensors, in vivo embedded sensors, et cetera. However, work towards enhancing the communication layers (i.e., routing, medium access control, et cetera to improve HCWSN performance is largely lacking. In this paper, the information gleaned from an extensive literature survey is shared in an effort to fortify the knowledge base for the communication aspect of HCWSNs. We highlight the major currently existing prototype HCWSNs and also provide the details of their routing protocol characteristics. We also explore the current state of the art in medium access control (MAC protocols for WSNs, for the purpose of seeking an energy efficient solution that is robust to mobility and delivers data in a timely fashion. Furthermore, we review a number of reliable transport layer protocols, including a network coding based protocol from the literature, that are potentially suitable for delivering end-to-end reliability of data transmitted in HCWSNs. We identify the advantages and disadvantages of the reviewed MAC, routing, and transport layer protocols as they pertain to the design and implementation of a HCWSN. The findings from this literature survey will serve as a useful foundation for designing a reliable HCWSN and also contribute to the development and evaluation of protocols for improving the performance of future HCWSNs. Open issues that required further investigations are highlighted.

  19. A FPGA Embedded Web Server for Remote Monitoring and Control of Smart Sensors Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Magdaleno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the μCLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI. The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A. Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology.

  20. A FPGA embedded web server for remote monitoring and control of smart sensors networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magdaleno, Eduardo; Rodríguez, Manuel; Pérez, Fernando; Hernández, David; García, Enrique

    2013-01-01

    This article describes the implementation of a web server using an embedded Altera NIOS II IP core, a general purpose and configurable RISC processor which is embedded in a Cyclone FPGA. The processor uses the ?CLinux operating system to support a Boa web server of dynamic pages using Common Gateway Interface (CGI). The FPGA is configured to act like the master node of a network, and also to control and monitor a network of smart sensors or instruments. In order to develop a totally functional system, the FPGA also includes an implementation of the time-triggered protocol (TTP/A). Thus, the implemented master node has two interfaces, the webserver that acts as an Internet interface and the other to control the network. This protocol is widely used to connecting smart sensors and actuators and microsystems in embedded real-time systems in different application domains, e.g., industrial, automotive, domotic, etc., although this protocol can be easily replaced by any other because of the inherent characteristics of the FPGA-based technology. PMID:24379047

  1. A modular architecture for multi-channel external cavity quantum cascade laser-based chemical sensors: a systems approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taubman, Matthew S.; Myers, Tanya L.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Stahl, Robert D.; Cannon, Bret D.; Schiffern, John T.; Phillips, Mark C.

    2012-04-01

    A multi-channel laser-based chemical sensor platform is presented, in which a modular architecture allows the exchange of complete sensor channels without disruption to overall operation. Each sensor channel contains custom optical and electronics packages, which can be selected to access laser wavelengths, interaction path lengths and modulation techniques optimal for a given application or mission. Although intended primarily to accommodate mid-infrared (MIR) external cavity quantum cascade lasers (ECQCLs)and astigmatic Herriott cells, channels using visible or near infrared (NIR) lasers or other gas cell architectures can also be used, making this a truly versatile platform. Analog and digital resources have been carefully chosen to facilitate small footprint, rapid spectral scanning, ow-noise signal recovery, failsafe autonomous operation, and in-situ chemometric data analysis, storage and transmission. Results from the demonstration of a two-channel version of this platform are also presented.

  2. Design Architecture-Based on Web Server and Application Cluster in Cloud Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gita Shah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cloud has been a computational and storage solution for many data centric organizations. The problem today those organizations are facing from t he cloud is in data searching in an efficient manner. A framework is required to distribute the w ork of searching and fetching from thousands of computers. The data in HDFS is scatter ed and needs lots of time to retrieve. The major idea is to design a web server in the map pha se using the jetty web server which will give a fast and efficient way of searching data in MapRe duce paradigm. For real time processing on Hadoop, a searchable mechanism is implemented in HD FS by creating a multilevel index in web server with multi-level index keys. The web ser ver uses to handle traffic throughput. By web clustering technology we can improve the applicatio n performance. To keep the work down, the load balancer should automatically be able to distr ibute load to the newly added nodes in the server.

  3. QuakeSim: a Web Service Environment for Productive Investigations with Earth Surface Sensor Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, J. W.; Donnellan, A.; Granat, R. A.; Lyzenga, G. A.; Glasscoe, M. T.; McLeod, D.; Al-Ghanmi, R.; Pierce, M.; Fox, G.; Grant Ludwig, L.; Rundle, J. B.

    2011-12-01

    The QuakeSim science gateway environment includes a visually rich portal interface, web service access to data and data processing operations, and the QuakeTables ontology-based database of fault models and sensor data. The integrated tools and services are designed to assist investigators by covering the entire earthquake cycle of strain accumulation and release. The Web interface now includes Drupal-based access to diverse and changing content, with new ability to access data and data processing directly from the public page, as well as the traditional project management areas that require password access. The system is designed to make initial browsing of fault models and deformation data particularly engaging for new users. Popular data and data processing include GPS time series with data mining techniques to find anomalies in time and space, experimental forecasting methods based on catalogue seismicity, faulted deformation models (both half-space and finite element), and model-based inversion of sensor data. The fault models include the CGS and UCERF 2.0 faults of California and are easily augmented with self-consistent fault models from other regions. The QuakeTables deformation data include the comprehensive set of UAVSAR interferograms as well as a growing collection of satellite InSAR data.. Fault interaction simulations are also being incorporated in the web environment based on Virtual California. A sample usage scenario is presented which follows an investigation of UAVSAR data from viewing as an overlay in Google Maps, to selection of an area of interest via a polygon tool, to fast extraction of the relevant correlation and phase information from large data files, to a model inversion of fault slip followed by calculation and display of a synthetic model interferogram.

  4. The Geoprocessing Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Peisheng; Foerster, Theodor; Yue, Peng

    2012-10-01

    As Web services technology has matured in recent years, an increasing amount of geospatial resources and processing functions are available in the form of online Web services. Consequently, effective and efficient data processing methods for geospatial information extraction and knowledge discovery over the Web are a major challenge for research and industry. The Geoprocessing Web, which consists of light-weight protocols, crowd-sourcing capability, and the capability to process real-time geospatial data sources provided by sensors, enables distributed, interoperable and collaborative processing of geospatial data for information and knowledge discovery. This paper provides a comprehensive overview about the state-of-the-art architecture and technologies, and the most recent developments in the Geoprocessing Web.

  5. Design Architecture-Based on Web Server and Application Cluster in Cloud Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Gita; Annappa; K.C. Shet

    2014-01-01

    Cloud has been a computational and storage solution for many data centric organizations. The problem today those organizations are facing from the cloud is in data searching in an efficient manner. A framework is required to distribute the work of searching and fetching from thousands of computers. The data in HDFS is scattered and needs lots of time to retrieve. The major idea is to design a web server in the map phase using the jetty web server which will give a fast and e...

  6. DISTRIBUTED LOCATION BASED PROXY ARCHITECTURE FOR VIDEO LEARNING PORTAL USING WEB PROGRAMMING TECHNOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasoor Rajesh1 Rajesh

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This project describes architecture for making media on demand services for e-learning portals as efficient as possible by making use of distributed proxy servers. The proxy servers may be kept at different locations and the databases which they access can also be distributed on different locations or different machines. The specialty of this architecture is that it uses the location of the client demanding the media as a major factor in determining which proxy server will respond to the request. This job is done by the Proxy determining logic which is a unique server for the whole architecture and which plays a central role in the functioning of the same. All the proxy servers use caching techniques and there is a central Backup server that ensures service continuity in case the main server fails due to any reason like power cut. The idea behind keeping the proxy determining logic and the location based proxy servers is that the proxy server nearest to the client will not only be having the shortest route to the client but also the chances of interruption of the service will be low. Due to lower physical distance the number of routers and gateways between the Thus the whole architecture ensures that the client gets his video/audio as smoothly, as quickly and using as low net bandwidth as possible.

  7. The implementation of common object request broker architecture (CORBA) for controlling robot arm via web

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the employment of the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) technology in the implementation of our distributed Arm Robot Controller (ARC). CORBA is an industrial standard architecture based on distributed abstract object model, which is developed by Object Management Group (OMG). The architecture consists of five components i.e. Object Request Broker (ORB), Interface Definition Language (IDL), Dynamic Invocation Interface (DII), Interface Repositories (IR) and Object adapter (OA). CORBA objects are different from typical programming objects in three ways i.e. they can be executed on any platform, located anywhere on the network and written in any language that supports IDL mapping. In the implementation of the system, 5 degree of freedom (DOF) arm robot RCS 6.0 and Java as a programming mapping to the CORBA IDL. By implementing this architecture, the objects in the server machine can be distributed over the network in order to run the controller. the ultimate goal for our ARC system is to demonstrate concurrent execution of multiple arm robots through multiple instantiations of distributed object components. (Author)

  8. Meta-Search Utilizing Evolitionary Recommendation: A Web Search Architecture Proposal.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Húsek, Dušan; Keyhanipour, A.; Krömer, P.; Moshiri, B.; Owais, S.; Snášel, V.

    2008-01-01

    Ro?. 33, - (2008), s. 189-200. ISSN 1870-4069 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : web search * meta-search engine * intelligent re-ranking * ordered weighted averaging * Boolean search queries optimizing Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  9. Implementation and Performance of a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL Architecture Using MEMS Inertial Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youssef Tawk

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The use of global navigation satellite system receivers for navigation still presents many challenges in urban canyon and indoor environments, where satellite availability is typically reduced and received signals are attenuated. To improve the navigation performance in such environments, several enhancement methods can be implemented. For instance, external aid provided through coupling with other sensors has proven to contribute substantially to enhancing navigation performance and robustness. Within this context, coupling a very simple GPS receiver with an Inertial Navigation System (INS based on low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS inertial sensors is considered in this paper. In particular, we propose a GPS/INS Tightly Coupled Assisted PLL (TCAPLL architecture, and present most of the associated challenges that need to be addressed when dealing with very-low-performance MEMS inertial sensors. In addition, we propose a data monitoring system in charge of checking the quality of the measurement flow in the architecture. The implementation of the TCAPLL is discussed in detail, and its performance under different scenarios is assessed. Finally, the architecture is evaluated through a test campaign using a vehicle that is driven in urban environments, with the purpose of highlighting the pros and cons of combining MEMS inertial sensors with GPS over GPS alone.

  10. A Pattern for Web-based WSN Monitoring (Invited Paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulvio Frati

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a pattern for the architecture of web-based wireless sensor network monitoring. Sensor nodes are used to measure characteristics of the physical environment and sensed data is stored on the Internet using web-based technologies. Users can access data remotely as long as they have Internet connectivity. Many wireless sensor network applications developed today use smartphones as a gateway between the sensor network or the user, and the Internet. This allows the sensor network and/or the users to be mobile. Implementation of a web-based wireless sensor network architecture, that uses smartphones, provides a scalable solution with applicability in many areas such as healthcare, environmental monitoring, border security, structural health monitoring, and many more.

  11. The Architecture and Development of Multi-Role Course Design of a Web-Based Group Training System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Guo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to the fast development of information technology there are new opportunities for traditional training systems. Many e-training systems are proposed and implemented, however, there is rarely any research on group based e-training system that allow people to train in a group that involves different roles. This paper proposes an architecture for a web based surgery group training system that supports multi-role group training courses. A course model based on XPDL (XML Process Definition Language is introduced to bridge the understanding of a graphical multi-role course design and the computer application. There is also an explanation on how the multi-role courses are designed and used in applications. Finally a demonstration experiment is given.

  12. Concurrent access to a virtual microscope using a web service oriented architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corredor, Germán.; Iregui, Marcela; Arias, Viviana; Romero, Eduardo

    2013-11-01

    Virtual microscopy (VM) facilitates visualization and deployment of histopathological virtual slides (VS), a useful tool for education, research and diagnosis. In recent years, it has become popular, yet its use is still limited basically because of the very large sizes of VS, typically of the order of gigabytes. Such volume of data requires efficacious and efficient strategies to access the VS content. In an educative or research scenario, several users may require to access and interact with VS at the same time, so, due to large data size, a very expensive and powerful infrastructure is usually required. This article introduces a novel JPEG2000-based service oriented architecture for streaming and visualizing very large images under scalable strategies, which in addition need not require very specialized infrastructure. Results suggest that the proposed architecture enables transmission and simultaneous visualization of large images, while it is efficient using resources and offering users proper response times.

  13. A Web Architecture to Geographically Interrogate CHIRPS Rainfall and eMODIS NDVI for Land Use Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, Jason E.; Limaye, Ashutosh

    2014-01-01

    Monitoring of rainfall and vegetation over the continent of Africa is important for assessing the status of crop health and agriculture, along with long-term changes in land use change. These issues can be addressed through examination of long-term precipitation (rainfall) data sets and remote sensing of land surface vegetation and land use types. Two products have been used previously to address these goals: the Climate Hazard Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) rainfall data, and multi-day composites of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from the USGS eMODIS product. Combined, these are very large data sets that require unique tools and architecture to facilitate a variety of data analysis methods or data exploration by the end user community. To address these needs, a web-enabled system has been developed to allow end-users to interrogate CHIRPS rainfall and eMODIS NDVI data over the continent of Africa. The architecture allows end-users to use custom defined geometries, or the use of predefined political boundaries in their interrogation of the data. The massive amount of data interrogated by the system allows the end-users with only a web browser to extract vital information in order to investigate land use change and its causes. The system can be used to generate daily, monthly and yearly averages over a geographical area and range of dates of interest to the user. It also provides analysis of trends in precipitation or vegetation change for times of interest. The data provided back to the end-user is displayed in graphical form and can be exported for use in other, external tools. The development of this tool has significantly decreased the investment and requirements for end-users to use these two important datasets, while also allowing the flexibility to the end-user to limit the search to the area of interest.

  14. Architecture for Improving Terrestrial Logistics Based on the Web of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Skarmeta; Jara, Antonio J.; Miguel Castro

    2012-01-01

    Technological advances for improving supply chain efficiency present three key challenges for managing goods: tracking, tracing and monitoring (TTM), in order to satisfy the requirements for products such as perishable goods where the European Legislations requires them to ship within a prescribed temperature range to ensure freshness and suitability for consumption. The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehic...

  15. Architecture of the wood-wide web: Rhizopogon spp. genets link multiple Douglas-fir cohorts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beiler, Kevin J; Durall, Daniel M; Simard, Suzanne W; Maxwell, Sheri A; Kretzer, Annette M

    2010-01-01

    *The role of mycorrhizal networks in forest dynamics is poorly understood because of the elusiveness of their spatial structure. We mapped the belowground distribution of the fungi Rhizopogon vesiculosus and Rhizopogon vinicolor and interior Douglas-fir trees (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca) to determine the architecture of a mycorrhizal network in a multi-aged old-growth forest. *Rhizopogon spp. mycorrhizas were collected within a 30 x 30 m plot. Trees and fungal genets were identified using multi-locus microsatellite DNA analysis. Tree genotypes from mycorrhizas were matched to reference trees aboveground. Two trees were considered linked if they shared the same fungal genet(s). *The two Rhizopogon species each formed 13-14 genets, each colonizing up to 19 trees in the plot. Rhizopogon vesiculosus genets were larger, occurred at greater depths, and linked more trees than genets of R. vinicolor. Multiple tree cohorts were linked, with young saplings established within the mycorrhizal network of Douglas-fir veterans. A strong positive relationship was found between tree size and connectivity, resulting in a scale-free network architecture with small-world properties. *This mycorrhizal network architecture suggests an efficient and robust network, where large trees play a foundational role in facilitating conspecific regeneration and stabilizing the ecosystem. PMID:19878460

  16. Business Rules Generation methods by Merging Model Driven Architecture and Web Semantics

    OpenAIRE

    Musumbu, Kaninda; Diouf, Mouhamed; Maabout, Sofian

    2010-01-01

    The increasing complexity of the information systems must be taking into account for new technologies, and the appearance of new types of requirements raise new problems that the traditional engineering approaches of the information systems cannot always solve in an adapted way. Business Rules constitute a key element of the Semantic Web vision, allowing integration, derivation, and transformation of data from multiple sources in a distributed, transparent and scalable manner. The business ru...

  17. MVC Architecture Driven Design and Agile Implementation of a Web-Based Software System

    OpenAIRE

    Sandhya Prakash; Ashok Kumar(University of Delhi, Delhi, India); Ravi Bhushan Mishra

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports design and implementation of a web based software system for storing and managinginformation related to time management and productivity of employees working on a project.The systemhas been designed and implemented with best principles from model viewcontrollerand agile development.Such system has practical use for any organization in terms of ease of use, efficiency, and cost savings. Themanuscript describes design of the system as well as its database and user interface. ...

  18. Lightweight Filter Architecture for Energy Efficient Mobile Vehicle Localization Based on a Distributed Acoustic Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keonwook Kim

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The generic properties of an acoustic signal provide numerous benefits for localization by applying energy-based methods over a deployed wireless sensor network (WSN. However, the signal generated by a stationary target utilizes a significant amount of bandwidth and power in the system without providing further position information. For vehicle localization, this paper proposes a novel proximity velocity vector estimator (PVVE node architecture in order to capture the energy from a moving vehicle and reject the signal from motionless automobiles around the WSN node. A cascade structure between analog envelope detector and digital exponential smoothing filter presents the velocity vector-sensitive output with low analog circuit and digital computation complexity. The optimal parameters in the exponential smoothing filter are obtained by analytical and mathematical methods for maximum variation over the vehicle speed. For stationary targets, the derived simulation based on the acoustic field parameters demonstrates that the system significantly reduces the communication requirements with low complexity and can be expected to extend the operation time considerably.

  19. RoCoMAR: Robots’ Controllable Mobility Aided Routing and Relay Architecture for Mobile Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seokhoon Yoon

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In a practical deployment, mobile sensor network (MSN suffers from a low performance due to high node mobility, time-varying wireless channel properties, and obstacles between communicating nodes. In order to tackle the problem of low network performance and provide a desired end-to-end data transfer quality, in this paper we propose a novel ad hoc routing and relaying architecture, namely RoCoMAR (Robots’ Controllable Mobility Aided Routing that uses robotic nodes’ controllable mobility. RoCoMAR repeatedly performs link reinforcement process with the objective of maximizing the network throughput, in which the link with the lowest quality on the path is identified and replaced with high quality links by placing a robotic node as a relay at an optimal position. The robotic node resigns as a relay if the objective is achieved or no more gain can be obtained with a new relay. Once placed as a relay, the robotic node performs adaptive link maintenance by adjusting its position according to the movements of regular nodes. The simulation results show that RoCoMAR outperforms existing ad hoc routing protocols for MSN in terms of network throughput and end-to-end delay.

  20. A Proxy Design to Leverage the Interconnection of CoAP Wireless Sensor Networks with Web Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Ludovici

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be short or long lived. The traditional HTTP long-polling used by Web applications may not be adequate in long-term communications. To overcome this problem, we include the WebSocket protocol in the design of the CoAP proxy. We evaluate the performance of the CoAP proxy in terms of latency and memory consumption. The tests consider long and short-lived communications. In both cases, we evaluate the performance obtained by the CoAP proxy according to the use of WebSocket and HTTP long-polling.

  1. A proxy design to leverage the interconnection of CoAP Wireless Sensor Networks with Web applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludovici, Alessandro; Calveras, Anna

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design of a Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) proxy able to interconnect Web applications based on Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and WebSocket with CoAP based Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensor networks are commonly used to monitor and control physical objects or environments. Smart Cities represent applications of such a nature. Wireless Sensor Networks gather data from their surroundings and send them to a remote application. This data flow may be short or long lived. The traditional HTTP long-polling used by Web applications may not be adequate in long-term communications. To overcome this problem, we include the WebSocket protocol in the design of the CoAP proxy. We evaluate the performance of the CoAP proxy in terms of latency and memory consumption. The tests consider long and short-lived communications. In both cases, we evaluate the performance obtained by the CoAP proxy according to the use of WebSocket and HTTP long-polling. PMID:25585107

  2. POGs2: a web portal to facilitate cross-species inferences about protein architecture and function in plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomcal, Michael; Stiffler, Nicholas; Barkan, Alice

    2013-01-01

    The Putative orthologous Groups 2 Database (POGs2) (http://pogs.uoregon.edu/) integrates information about the inferred proteomes of four plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Zea mays, Orza sativa, and Populus trichocarpa) in a display that facilitates comparisons among orthologs and extrapolation of annotations among species. A single-page view collates key functional data for members of each Putative Orthologous Group (POG): graphical representations of InterPro domains, predicted and established intracellular locations, and imported gene descriptions. The display incorporates POGs predicted by two different algorithms as well as gene trees, allowing users to evaluate the validity of POG memberships. The web interface provides ready access to sequences and alignments of POG members, as well as sequences, alignments, and domain architectures of closely-related paralogs. A simple and flexible search interface permits queries by BLAST and by any combination of gene identifier, keywords, domain names, InterPro identifiers, and intracellular location. The concurrent display of domain architectures for orthologous proteins highlights errors in gene models and false-negatives in domain predictions. The POGs2 layout is also useful for exploring candidate genes identified by transposon tagging, QTL mapping, map-based cloning, and proteomics, and for navigating between orthologous groups that belong to the same gene family. PMID:24340041

  3. The GPS Analysis Package for Exploration and Understanding of Geodetic Sensor Web Time Series Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granat, R. A.; Moghaddam, B.; Donnellan, A.

    2012-12-01

    We introduce the GPS Analysis Package (GAP), a Matlab toolbox for GPS data exploration and understanding. The toolbox is designed to support scientists and engineers studying the motion of the solid Earth both in an academic environment and in the course of NASA missions such as UAVSAR and future InSAR satellite missions. It includes an ensemble of low-level routines to perform basic signal processing operations, such as removal of secular motion, de-noising, and removal of seasonal signals. It also includes a suite of more sophisticated statistical pattern recognition techniques, including hidden Markov models and Bayes nets, to detect changes, identify transient signals, understand regional motion, and uncover relationships between geographically removed nodes in the GPS network. Finally, it provides an assortment of methods for estimating missing observations in the network. We provide usage examples of the package applied to particular scenarios, including the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, and ongoing slow slip events in the Cascadia region. We also demonstrate the utility of the package within a web portal and web services environment by showcasing its use in the QuakeSim web portal. The QuakeSim portal allows easy access to GPS data sources provided by multiple institutions as well as a map and plotting interface to quickly assess analysis results. Finally, we show the extensibility of the package to other problem domains and sensor network data sources, demonstrating the analysis tools as applied to seismic network data, autonomous robotic navigation, and fault detection in engineering data streams from the International Space Station.

  4. Life Under Your Feet: An End-to-End Soil Ecology Sensor Network, Database, Web Server, and Analysis Service

    CERN Document Server

    Szlavecz, K; Ozer, S; Musaloiu-E, R; Cogan, J; Small, S; Burns, R; Gray, J; Szalay, A S; Szlavecz, Katalin; Terzis, Andreas; Ozer, Stuart; Musaloiu-E, Razvan; Cogan, Joshua; Small, Sam; Burns, Randal; Gray, Jim; Szalay, Alex

    2007-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks can revolutionize soil ecology by providing measurements at temporal and spatial granularities previously impossible. This paper presents a soil monitoring system we developed and deployed at an urban forest in Baltimore as a first step towards realizing this vision. Motes in this network measure and save soil moisture and temperature in situ every minute. Raw measurements are periodically retrieved by a sensor gateway and stored in a central database where calibrated versions are derived and stored. The measurement database is published through Web Services interfaces. In addition, analysis tools let scientists analyze current and historical data and help manage the sensor network. The article describes the system design, what we learned from the deployment, and initial results obtained from the sensors. The system measures soil factors with unprecedented temporal precision. However, the deployment required device-level programming, sensor calibration across space and time, and cross...

  5. MVC Architecture Driven Design and Agile Implementation of a Web-Based Software System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandhya Prakash

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports design and implementation of a web based software system for storing and managinginformation related to time management and productivity of employees working on a project.The systemhas been designed and implemented with best principles from model viewcontrollerand agile development.Such system has practical use for any organization in terms of ease of use, efficiency, and cost savings. Themanuscript describes design of the system as well as its database and user interface. Detailed snapshots ofthe working system are provided too

  6. Server Technology – Web Based Service Oriented Architecture for Mobile Augmented Reality System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jatin Dilipkumar Shah

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Server Technology stands for lots of technology in mind like Microsoft, Sun Java, IBM, Open Source and many more. In mobile augmentation, server plays very important role to augment the data. Responsibility of the server is to collect the data , mixed virtual data with real data and these data sent back to client on Remote device at Remote place In this paper we briefly discuss about the server technology for web based Service oriented, also the processing software required for augmentation, it’s software technology, how they accept input from various types of devices and generated output data of various types like audio, video, 3-D graphics.

  7. Web 2.0 systems supporting childhood chronic disease management: A pattern language representation of a general architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekberg Joakim

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic disease management is a global health concern. By the time they reach adolescence, 10–15% of all children live with a chronic disease. The role of educational interventions in facilitating adaptation to chronic disease is receiving growing recognition, and current care policies advocate greater involvement of patients in self-care. Web 2.0 is an umbrella term for new collaborative Internet services characterized by user participation in developing and managing content. Key elements include Really Simple Syndication (RSS to rapidly disseminate awareness of new information; weblogs (blogs to describe new trends, wikis to share knowledge, and podcasts to make information available on personal media players. This study addresses the potential to develop Web 2.0 services for young persons with a chronic disease. It is acknowledged that the management of childhood chronic disease is based on interplay between initiatives and resources on the part of patients, relatives, and health care professionals, and where the balance shifts over time to the patients and their families. Methods Participatory action research was used to stepwise define a design specification in the form of a pattern language. Support for children diagnosed with diabetes Type 1 was used as the example area. Each individual design pattern was determined graphically using card sorting methods, and textually in the form Title, Context, Problem, Solution, Examples and References. Application references were included at the lowest level in the graphical overview in the pattern language but not specified in detail in the textual descriptions. Results The design patterns are divided into functional and non-functional design elements, and formulated at the levels of organizational, system, and application design. The design elements specify access to materials for development of the competences needed for chronic disease management in specific community settings, endorsement of self-learning through online peer-to-peer communication, and systematic accreditation and evaluation of materials and processes. Conclusion The use of design patterns allows representing the core design elements of a Web 2.0 system upon which an 'ecological' development of content respecting these constraints can be built. Future research should include evaluations of Web 2.0 systems implemented according to the architecture in practice settings.

  8. A Scalable Wireless Sensor Network (WSN Based Architecture for Fire Disaster Monitoring in the Developing World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Lule

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available All over the world, there is a tremendous increase in disaster occurrences such as landslide, toxic gas pollutions and wild fires. Least developed countries like Uganda have taken minimal efforts in management and containment of such disasters on behalf of the local populace. The dangers of fires are as a result of lack of proper information about the location, intensity and rate of spread of fire. However, the use of WSN may be one of the alternative ways of reducing risks associated with spreading fires resulting into destruction of lives and property worth millions of shillings. Our research looks at fire monitoring using sensors deployed in an event field to detect possible precursors of a fire occurrence using a simulated approach of OPNET Modeler (Ver. 14.0. Mobile nodes were deployed in proximity of (500X500 m2 flat space moving at a uniform speed of 10ms-1 for 30 minutes. Our simulations are based on ftp high priority traffic to reflect real time information transfer for analysis. This paper evaluates and discusses how sensed information can be transmitted through a network with minimal delay and proposes a scalable WSN architectural design based on protocol perspective i.e. AODV and DSR. Two QoS parameters have been considered i.e. delay and throughput. Our results show that AODV scheme has got a minimum delay of 0.2ms-1and a maximum throughput of 1.7Mbps. Hence it's highly recommended for monitoring fires in large open area settings compared to DSR that is suitable for smaller areas. Results show that DSR exhibits higher delays due to nodal congestion and high control overheads. However, introducing the proposed heterogeneous routing mechanism i.e. (AODV+DSR into the network significantly improves the performance of DSR.

  9. WEB-??????????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???????? ?????? ??????????

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A web-oriented system of forest protection against fires is proposed in the article. The overview of existing foreign systems of forest protection against fires is represented. Charac-teristics of Tsjurupinsk forestry, Kherson region, the data of which was taken for the system testing, are described. Program realization is described. Screenshot of forest areas map is depicted.

  10. Lithosphere-to-Ionosphere Plug-and-Play Architecture (LION-PNP): Sensor Networking Made Cheap and Easy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, N.; Mendez, J. S.; Manes, C.

    2013-12-01

    The lack of rapidly reconfigurable and easily deployable instrumentation packages often results in information loss during unannounced or time-critical geophysical events such as spaceweather flare-ups, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis. While increasingly powerful and sensitive sensor technologies have been created in the last years to study our planet, robust, yet simple and cost-effective, mechanical, electrical, and data interfaces between these devices and the user (scientist) have yet to be developed. To address this problem, we present the LIthosphere-to-IOnosphere Plug-aNd-Play architecture (LION-PNP), a complete, low cost integration protocol for space, atmospheric, and terrestrial sensor networks. Similar to the USB plug-and-play protocols created for personal computers, LION-PNP offers geophysicists and space scientists the ability to assemble and operate complex sensor packages by simply 'plugging' devices (magnetometers, seismometers, GPS, spectrometers, etc) into a centralized Command and Data Handling unit (CDH). LION-PNP accomplishes this by inserting a Generic Sensor Interpreter (GSI) between the back-end of a device and the CDH. The GSI allows the CDH to automatically configure a sensor without requiring the user to manually install drivers. Furthermore, LION-PNP supports a number wireless networking protocols, allowing arrays of sensor nodes to be deployed rapidly over an area of interest. Finally, LION is compatible with the Android operating system, allowing the user to rapidly visualize, store and distribute data. In the following work, we report on the development of LION-PNP. To validate our hardware and software interfaces, we flew a small 4-point LION network on a multiple high altitude balloon launch. For this campaign, each node carried an array of sensors, including a magnetometer, temperature and pressure sensors, as well as GPS. The LION plug-and-play system allowed us to compose the network minutes before launch. Once in flight, the network and data management were handled by a Nexus 7 tablet.

  11. Distributed Social Bookmarking Web Service Architecture. SOAP vs. iCamp FeedBack

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej AFONIN

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Social bookmarking services became very popular recently. Easy of use, possibility to share and discover in addition to accessibility though the Internet, turns social bookmarking systems into powerful repository of shared knowledge. Obviously this attracts attention of educational institutions and recently such systems started to appear under their domains. However, usually these systems stay separate and limit their users by their bounds. It means that separate systems' students could reach each other and use knowledge base, aggregated in other systems. On the other side, institutions usually want to own this assembled data and do not give away collected knowledge base to third side. This issue does not allow building social bookmarking systems that can be used by multi-institutional users. An idea is to develop distributed system where every institution will have their own database, but, on the other hand, will allow exploring and using data from other network sources. This article overviews possible distributed system architecture models and suggests a solution that will eliminate such service issues. Moreover, two different approaches towards distributed services communication are evaluated in this article: SOAP vs. iCamp FeedBack. SOAP is a lightweight XML based protocol for exchanging structured information between distributed applications. FeedBack is another model that uses plain RSS feed to transmit data. Both models are tested and evaluated in this article.

  12. A generic software architecture for portable applications in heterogeneous wireless sensor networks

    OpenAIRE

    Escolar Díaz, María Soledad

    2010-01-01

    In the last years, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are acquiring more importance as a promising technology based on tiny devices called sensor nodes or motes able to monitor a wide range of physical phenomenon through sensors. Numerous branches of science are being benefited. The intrinsic ubiquity of sensor nodes and the absence of network infrastructure make possible their deployment in hostile or, up to now, unknown environments which have been typically unaccessible for humans such as vol...

  13. Web camera as low cost multispectral sensor for quantification of chlorophyll in soybean leaves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhiwibawa, Marcelinus A.; Setiawan, Yonathan E.; Prilianti, Kestrilia R.; Brotosudarmo, Tatas H. P.

    2015-01-01

    Soybeans is one of main crops in Indonesia but the demand for soybeans is not followed by an increase in soybeans national production. One of the production limitation factor is the availability of lush cultivation area for soybeans plantation. Indonesian farners are usually grow soybeans in marginal cultivation area that requires soybeans varieties which tolerant with environmental stress such as drought, nutrition limitation, pest, disease and many others. Chlorophyll content in leaf is one of plant health indicator that can be used to determine environmental stress tolerant soybean varieties. However, there are difficulties in soybeans breeding research due to the manual acquisition of data that are time consume and labour extensive. In this paper authors proposed automatic system of soybeans leaves area and chlorophyll quantification based on low cost multispectral sensor using web camera as an indicator of soybean plant tollerance to environmental stress particularlly drought stress. The system acquires the image of the plant that is placed in the acquisition box from the top of the plant. The image is segmented using NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) from image and quantified to yield an average value of NDVI and leaf area. The proposed system showed that acquired NDVI value has a strong relationship with SPAD value with r-square value 0.70, while the leaf area prediction has error of 18.41%. Thus the automation system can quantify plant data with good result.

  14. Optoelectronic Devices, Sensors, Communication and Multimedia, Photonics Applications and Web Engineering, Wilga, May 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romaniuk, Ryszard S.

    2012-05-01

    This paper is the fourth part (out of five) of the research survey of WILGA Symposium work, May 2012 Edition, concerned with Optoelectronic Devices, Sensors, Communication and Multimedia (Video and Audio) technologies. It presents a digest of chosen technical work results shown by young researchers from different technical universities from this country during the Jubilee XXXth SPIE-IEEE Wilga 2012, May Edition, symposium on Photonics and Web Engineering. Topical tracks of the symposium embraced, among others, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for photonics, sensory and nonlinear optical fibers, object oriented design of hardware, photonic metrology, optoelectronics and photonics applications, photonics-electronics co-design, optoelectronic and electronic systems for astronomy and high energy physics experiments, JET tokamak and pi-of-the sky experiments development. The symposium is an annual summary in the development of numerable Ph.D. theses carried out in this country in the area of advanced electronic and photonic systems. It is also a great occasion for SPIE, IEEE, OSA and PSP students to meet together in a large group spanning the whole country with guests from this part of Europe. A digest of Wilga references is presented [1-270].

  15. Historical Building Monitoring Using an Energy-Efficient Scalable Wireless Sensor Network Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Bonastre; Angel Perles; Capella, Juan V.; Juan J. Serrano

    2011-01-01

    We present a set of novel low power wireless sensor nodes designed for monitoring wooden masterpieces and historical buildings, in order to perform an early detection of pests. Although our previous star-based system configuration has been in operation for more than 13 years, it does not scale well for sensorization of large buildings or when deploying hundreds of nodes. In this paper we demonstrate the feasibility of a cluster-based dynamic-tree hierarchical Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) arc...

  16. iCalm: Wearable Sensor and Network Architecture for Wirelessly Communicating and Logging Autonomic Activity

    OpenAIRE

    Dobson, Kelly; Fletcher, Richard Ribon; Goodwin, Matthew; Eydgahi, Hoda; Wilder-Smith, Oliver; Fernholz, David; Kuboyama, Yuta; Hedman, Elliott Bruce; Poh, Ming-Zher; Picard, Rosalind W

    2009-01-01

    Widespread use of affective sensing in healthcare applications has been limited due to several practical factors, such as lack of comfortable wearable sensors, lack of wireless standards, and lack of low-power affordable hardware. In this paper, we present a new low-cost, low-power wireless sensor platform implemented using the IEEE 802.15.4 wireless standard, and describe the design of compact wearable sensors for long-term measurement of electrodermal activity, temperature, motor activity, ...

  17. Exploration Architecture with Quantum Inertial Gravimetry and In Situ ChipSat Sensors Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This will study an exploration architecture combining remote survey with in situ sampling, with example missions to Europa and a Near Earth Object. In particular...

  18. Distributed Sensor Architecture for Intelligent Control that Supports Quality of Control and Quality of Service

    OpenAIRE

    Poza-Lujan, Jose-Luis; Juan-Luis POSADAS-YAGÜE; Simó-Ten, José-Enrique; Simarro, Raúl; Benet, Ginés

    2015-01-01

    This paper is part of a study of intelligent architectures for distributed control and communications systems. The study focuses on optimizing control systems by evaluating the performance of middleware through quality of service (QoS) parameters and the optimization of control using Quality of Control (QoC) parameters. The main aim of this work is to study, design, develop, and evaluate a distributed control architecture based on the Data-Distribution Service for Real-Time Systems (DDS) comm...

  19. Web Page Recommendation Using Web Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modraj Bhavsar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available On World Wide Web various kind of content are generated in huge amount, so to give relevant result to user web recommendation become important part of web application. On web different kind of web recommendation are made available to user every day that includes Image, Video, Audio, query suggestion and web page. In this paper we are aiming at providing framework for web page recommendation. 1 First we describe the basics of web mining, types of web mining. 2 Details of each web mining technique.3We propose the architecture for the personalized web page recommendation.

  20. Making secure Semantic Web

    OpenAIRE

    Adis Medi?; Adis Golubovi?

    2010-01-01

    this paper first describes ways of semantic web security implementation through layers. These layers are presented as a backbone for semantic web architecture and are represented in XML security, RDF security and in an idea of semantic web security standardization.

  1. A sensor management architecture concept for monitoring emissions from open-air demil operations.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Michael M.; Robinson, Jerry D.; Stoddard, Mary Clare; Horn, Brent A.; Lipkin, Joel; Foltz, Greg W.

    2005-09-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, CA proposed a sensor concept to detect emissions from open-burning/open-detonation (OB/OD) events. The system would serve two purposes: (1) Provide data to demilitarization operations about process efficiency, allowing process optimization for cleaner emissions and higher efficiency. (2) Provide data to regulators and neighboring communities about materials dispersing into the environment by OB/OD operations. The proposed sensor system uses instrument control hardware and data visualization software developed at Sandia National Laboratories to link together an array of sensors to monitor emissions from OB/OD events. The suite of sensors would consist of various physical and chemical detectors mounted on stationary or mobile platforms. The individual sensors would be wirelessly linked to one another and controlled through a central command center. Real-time data collection from the sensors, combined with integrated visualization of the data at the command center, would allow for feedback to the sensors to alter operational conditions to adjust for changing needs (i.e., moving plume position, increased spatial resolution, increased sensitivity). This report presents a systems study of the problem of implementing a sensor system for monitoring OB/OD emissions. The goal of this study was to gain a fuller understanding of the political, economic, and technical issues for developing and fielding this technology.

  2. Personalized Web Services for Web Information Extraction

    OpenAIRE

    Jarir, Zahi; Quafafou, Mohamed; Erradi, Mahammed

    2011-01-01

    The field of information extraction from the Web emerged with the growth of the Web and the multiplication of online data sources. This paper is an analysis of information extraction methods. It presents a service oriented approach for web information extraction considering both web data management and extraction services. Then we propose an SOA based architecture to enhance flexibility and on-the-fly modification of web extraction services. An implementation of the proposed architecture is p...

  3. Streamlining Spacecraft Observation Response to Volcanic Activity Detection Using An Autonomous Sensor Web of Ground and Space-Based Assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, S.; Davies, A. G.; Wright, R.; Miklius, A.; Flynn, L.; Cichy, B.; Frye, S.; Shulman, S.; Mandl, D.; Grosvenor, S.

    2004-12-01

    Streamlining the process by which data of active volcanism are obtained and processed is a desirable goal of volcano monitoring and hazard assessment programs. The JPL Volcano Sensor Web is an application of networked sensor technology that is being applied to volcano monitoring. The Sensor Web team has utilized the University of Hawaii automated system for processing data of volcanic thermal emission obtained by GOES (in geostationary orbits) and MODIS (on the Terra and Aqua spacecraft). This yields alerts on timescales of 15 minutes for GOES and less than 24 hours for MODIS data. Additionally, the Volcano Sensor Web utilizes the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory tiltmeter network (which covers Kilauea and Mauna Loa) which autonomously generates alerts when pre-set thresholds of inflation/deflation, likely to result in effusive activity, are exceeded. On notification, JPL automatically generates a spacecraft command sequence that is then transmitted to Goddard Space Flight Center for uplink to the Earth Observing 1 (EO-1) spacecraft. This enables rapid acquisition of high-spatial resolution hyperspectral (Hyperion) and multispectral (ALI) observations to be obtained of the target volcano as quickly as possible. Extending the use of autonomy, Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment [1] software onboard EO-1 can then process the data and rapidly report the results (e.g., number and location of thermally active pixels). Ref. [1] Chien, S. et al. "The Earth Observing One Autonomous Science Agent", Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, New York, New York, July 2004. Part of this work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract to NASA. The tiltmeter AlarmManager software was written by Chris Callendar.

  4. A Real Time AI Approach to Discrimination Boost Phase Optical Sensor Systems in SDI Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloggett, David R.

    1990-04-01

    Interest has been rekindled in the potential utility of Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) systems 1,2 and their ability to enhance the existing NATO strategic defence posture 3,4. Whereas in the past BMD systems have been thought to be vulnerable to relatively simple offence countermeasures, technological developments that have occurred over the past 20 years offer the potential to solve some of the main criticisms that have bedeviled BMD research since its inception in the early 1950s. One of the key areas where dramatic developments have taken place is in the field of electro-optic sensor technologies where developments in device sensitivity and packing density offer new solutions to threat detection, tracking and discrimination that complement data traditionally associated with radar based systems. Analysis has shown 5 that optical sensor systems can make a significant contribution to threat analysis in the boost and mid course phases of flight of ballistic missile systems. In the Boost phase the large amounts of energy contained within the plume of a ballistic missile system provides a signature that must be detected against cloud and earth backgrounds - necessitating viewing from space. The process of detection is complicated by reflected sunlight and other sources of false alarms. The optical sensor systems must therefore be adaptable and capable of reasoning about the location of the signatures, their persistence and temporal variations. Much of this processing is ideally carried out at the sensor system - in order to eliminate false alarms and reduce the communications bandwidths required to transfer the sensor data to centralised early warning and battle management facilities. In the mid course phase optical sensor systems can be used to detect warm objects against the background of deep space. These sensor systems can form tracks on these objects that can be merged into 3D tracks as data from individual sensor systems are combined. As closely spaced objects are resolved by sensor systems feature data can be extracted on individual objects that can be used by the defence system to attempt to discriminate between warheads, decoys and other penetration aids. This paper reviews work that has arisen from joint US SDIO and UK MOD research programmes into the feasibility of Theatre Missile Defence (TMD) systems that would be suitable for deploy ment and operation in a European theatre. The paper focuses on the problems of threat classification and discrimination in TtD systems and highlights the role of optical sensors. The paper discusses the integration of data derived from optical and radar sensors 6 and expands upon work previously reported into the use of an Artificial Intelligence (AI) approach to object classification and discrimination.

  5. A sensor architecture for real-time, in situ measurement of overlake evaporation on the Laurentian Great Lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerkez, B.; Fries, K. J.; Gronewold, A.; Lenters, J. D.

    2014-12-01

    While overlake evaporation is a major component of the Great Lakes' water balance, our scientific understanding of the climatic drivers of evaporation and its effects on water levels is significantly impeded by limited data. Existing measurement methods, such as eddy covariance, are not easily implemented in offshore applications. As such, there are only a handful of sites making direct, overlake measurements of evaporation on the entire Great Lakes, where the lake surface area comprises nearly one third of the entire basin. Long-term forecasts of water levels are thus very uncertain, particularly relating to climatic forcing, which is known to be a major driver of evaporation. We present a novel sensor architecture which is deployed on buoys, both tethered and drifting, to provide real-time measurements of overlake evaporation across the Great Lakes. Our system is comprised of a hierarchy of low-power, cost-effective sensor nodes, which carry out on-board computations to estimate evaporation in real-time. An ultra-low power microcontroller samples a suite of sensors to compute evaporation based on the Bowen ratio energy budget approach. The readings are then transmitted via satellite modules to a cloud-based server infrastructure for real-time updated scientific analysis and forecasting. Initial assessment of our new satellite drifter platform indicates robust field performance, validating its use in ongoing efforts to deploy a large-scale evaporation observation network across the Great Lakes basin.

  6. System Architecture of HatterHealthConnect: An Integration of Body Sensor Networks and Social Networks to Improve Health Awareness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala ElAarag

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade, the demand for efficient healthcare monitoring has increased and forced the healthand wellness industry to embrace modern technological advances. Body Sensor Networks, or BSNs, canremotely collect users data and upload vital statistics to servers over the Internet. Advances in wirelesstechnologies such as cellular devices and Bluetooth increase the mobility users experience while wearing abody sensor network. When connected by the proper framework, BSNs can efficiently monitor and recorddata while minimizing the energy expenditure of nodes in the BSN. Social networking sites play a large rolein the aggregation and sharing of data between many users. Connecting a BSN to a social network createsthe unique ability to share health related data with other users through social interaction. In this research,we present an integration of BSNs and social networks to establish a community promoting well being andgreat social awareness. We present the system architecture; both hardware and software, of a prototypeimplementation using Zephyr HxM heart monitor, Intel-Shimmer EMG senor and a Samsung Captivatesmart phone. We provide implementation details for the design on the base station, the database server andthe Facebook application. We illustrate how the Android application was designed with both functionalityand user perspective in mind that resulted in an easy to use system. This prototype can be used in multiplehealth related applications based on the type of sensors used.

  7. Designing an architectural style for dynamic medical Cross-Organizational Workflow management system: an approach based on agents and web services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouzguenda, Lotfi; Turki, Manel

    2014-04-01

    This paper shows how the combined use of agent and web services technologies can help to design an architectural style for dynamic medical Cross-Organizational Workflow (COW) management system. Medical COW aims at supporting the collaboration between several autonomous and possibly heterogeneous medical processes, distributed over different organizations (Hospitals, Clinic or laboratories). Dynamic medical COW refers to occasional cooperation between these health organizations, free of structural constraints, where the medical partners involved and their number are not pre-defined. More precisely, this paper proposes a new architecture style based on agents and web services technologies to deal with two key coordination issues of dynamic COW: medical partners finding and negotiation between them. It also proposes how the proposed architecture for dynamic medical COW management system can connect to a multi-agent system coupling the Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) with Computerized Prescriber Order Entry (CPOE). The idea is to assist the health professionals such as doctors, nurses and pharmacists with decision making tasks, as determining diagnosis or patient data analysis without stopping their clinical processes in order to act in a coherent way and to give care to the patient. PMID:24682670

  8. Comparative Analysis of Data Aggregation Algorithms Under Various Architectural Models in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anitha C L

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor network has emerged as a promising technique that revolutionary the way of sensing information. Dense deployed sensor nodes in a specific region are likely to transfer redundant data to the base station. This increases the communication overhead and affects network lifetime. Since energy conservation is the key issue in wireless sensor network, data aggregation should be incorporated in order to save energy. The main aim of data aggregation technique is to collect and aggregate data in an energy efficient manner so that network lifetime is enhanced. In this paper, authors present state of the research by summarizing the work on data aggregation algorithms that has already been published and by highlighting the performance characteristics that are being addressed. The performance comparison of clustered based data aggregation, chain based data aggregation, tree based data aggregation and grid based data aggregation algorithms have been analyzed using NS-2 for various parameters.

  9. iCalm: wearable sensor and network architecture for wirelessly communicating and logging autonomic activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Richard Ribon; Dobson, Kelly; Goodwin, Matthew S; Eydgahi, Hoda; Wilder-Smith, Oliver; Fernholz, David; Kuboyama, Yuta; Hedman, Elliott Bruce; Poh, Ming-Zher; Picard, Rosalind W

    2010-03-01

    Widespread use of affective sensing in healthcare applications has been limited due to several practical factors, such as lack of comfortable wearable sensors, lack of wireless standards, and lack of low-power affordable hardware. In this paper, we present a new low-cost, low-power wireless sensor platform implemented using the IEEE 802.15.4 wireless standard, and describe the design of compact wearable sensors for long-term measurement of electrodermal activity, temperature, motor activity, and photoplethysmography. We also illustrate the use of this new technology for continuous long-term monitoring of autonomic nervous system and motion data from active infants, children, and adults. We describe several new applications enabled by this system, discuss two specific wearable designs for the wrist and foot, and present sample data. PMID:20064760

  10. Performance of 3-D architecture silicon sensors after intense proton irradiation

    CERN Document Server

    Parker, S I

    2001-01-01

    Silicon detectors with a three-dimensional architecture, in which the n- and p-electrodes penetrate through the entire substrate, have been successfully fabricated. The electrodes can be separated from each other by distances that are less than the substrate thickness, allowing short collection paths, low depletion voltages, and large current signals from rapid charge collection. While no special hardening steps were taken in this initial fabrication run, these features of three dimensional architectures produce an intrinsic resistance to the effects of radiation damage. Some performance measurements are given for detectors that are fully depleted and working after exposures to proton beams with doses equivalent to that from slightly more than ten years at the B-layer radius (50 mm) in the planned Atlas detector at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. (41 refs).

  11. Short Paper: Using SOAR as a semantic support component for Sensor Web Enablement

    OpenAIRE

    Kannegieser, Ehm; Leuchter, Sandro

    2011-01-01

    Semantic service discovery is necessary to facilitate the potential of service providers (many sensors, different characteristics) to change the sensor configuration in a generic surveillance application without modifications to the application's business logic. To combine efficiency and flexibility, semantic annotation of sensors and semantic aware match making components are needed. This short paper gives the reader an understandig of the SOAR component for semantic SWE support and rule bas...

  12. A Secure Web Service-based Platform for Wireless Sensor Network Management and Interrogation

    OpenAIRE

    Amokrane, Ahmed; Challal, Yacine; Balla, Amar

    2011-01-01

    A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is composed of small, low cost and low energy consumption devices called sensors. Those sensors are deployed in a monitored area. They capture measurements related to the monitored phenomenon (temperature, humidity...) and send them through a multi-hop routing to a sink node that delivers them to a Base Station for use and decision making. WSN are used in several fields ranging from military applications to civilian ones, for security, home automation and healt...

  13. Composite Design Pattern for Feature Oriented Service Injection and Composition of Web Services for Distributed Computing Systems with Service Oriented Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishnuvardhan Mannava

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of newly introduced programming models like Feature-Oriented Programming (FOP, we feel that it will be more flexible to include the new service invocation function into the service providing server as a Feature Module for the self-adaptive distributed systems. A composite design patterns shows a synergy that makes the composition more than just the sum of its parts which leads to ready-made software architectures. In this paper we describe the amalgamation of Visitor and Case-Based Reasoning Design Patterns to the development of the Service Invocation and Web Services Composition through SOA with the help of JWS technologies and FOP. As far as we know, there are no studies on composition of design patterns for self adaptive distributed computing domain. We have provided with the sample code developed for the application and simple UML class diagram is used to describe the architecture.

  14. High Quality Requirement Engineering and Applying Priority Based Tools for QoS Standardization in Web Service Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Dinesh, C.

    2013-01-01

    Even though there are more development to improving the Quality of Service and requirement engineering in web services yet there is a big scarcity for its related standardization in day to day progress leading to vast needs in its area. Also in web service environment it always has been a big challenge to raise the standard of Quality of Service in requirement engineering analysis.

  15. Energy-Efficient Transmissions for Remote Wireless Sensor Networks: An Integrated HAP/Satellite Architecture for Emergency Scenarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feihong Dong

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A typical application scenario of remote wireless sensor networks (WSNs is identified as an emergency scenario. One of the greatest design challenges for communications in emergency scenarios is energy-efficient transmission, due to scarce electrical energy in large-scale natural and man-made disasters. Integrated high altitude platform (HAP/satellite networks are expected to optimally meet emergency communication requirements. In this paper, a novel integrated HAP/satellite (IHS architecture is proposed, and three segments of the architecture are investigated in detail. The concept of link-state advertisement (LSA is designed in a slow flat Rician fading channel. The LSA is received and processed by the terminal to estimate the link state information, which can significantly reduce the energy consumption at the terminal end. Furthermore, the transmission power requirements of the HAPs and terminals are derived using the gradient descent and differential equation methods. The energy consumption is modeled at both the source and system level. An innovative and adaptive algorithm is given for the energy-efficient path selection. The simulation results validate the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive algorithm. It is shown that the proposed adaptive algorithm can significantly improve energy efficiency when combined with the LSA and the energy consumption estimation.

  16. Energy-Efficient Transmissions for Remote Wireless Sensor Networks: An Integrated HAP/Satellite Architecture for Emergency Scenarios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Feihong; Li, Hongjun; Gong, Xiangwu; Liu, Quan; Wang, Jingchao

    2015-01-01

    A typical application scenario of remote wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is identified as an emergency scenario. One of the greatest design challenges for communications in emergency scenarios is energy-efficient transmission, due to scarce electrical energy in large-scale natural and man-made disasters. Integrated high altitude platform (HAP)/satellite networks are expected to optimally meet emergency communication requirements. In this paper, a novel integrated HAP/satellite (IHS) architecture is proposed, and three segments of the architecture are investigated in detail. The concept of link-state advertisement (LSA) is designed in a slow flat Rician fading channel. The LSA is received and processed by the terminal to estimate the link state information, which can significantly reduce the energy consumption at the terminal end. Furthermore, the transmission power requirements of the HAPs and terminals are derived using the gradient descent and differential equation methods. The energy consumption is modeled at both the source and system level. An innovative and adaptive algorithm is given for the energy-efficient path selection. The simulation results validate the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive algorithm. It is shown that the proposed adaptive algorithm can significantly improve energy efficiency when combined with the LSA and the energy consumption estimation. PMID:26404292

  17. Teaching the Geoweb: Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Wireless Sensor Networks, Web Mapping, and Geospatial Data Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abernathy, David

    2011-01-01

    This article addresses an effort to incorporate wireless sensor networks and the emerging tools of the Geoweb into undergraduate teaching and research at a small liberal arts college. The primary goal of the research was to identify the hardware, software, and skill sets needed to deploy a local sensor network, collect data, and transmit that data…

  18. An Architecture for Measuring Joint Angles Using a Long Period Fiber Grating-Based Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Perez-Ramirez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of signal filters in a real-time form requires a tradeoff between computation resources and the system performance. Therefore, taking advantage of low lag response and the reduced consumption of resources, in this article, the Recursive Least Square (RLS algorithm is used to filter a signal acquired from a fiber-optics-based sensor. In particular, a Long-Period Fiber Grating (LPFG sensor is used to measure the bending movement of a finger. After that, the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM technique allows us to classify the corresponding finger position along the motion range. For these measures to help in the development of an autonomous robotic hand, the proposed technique can be straightforwardly implemented on real time platforms such as Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA or Digital Signal Processors (DSP. Different angle measurements of the finger’s motion are carried out by the prototype and a detailed analysis of the system performance is presented.

  19. Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless BioMedical Sensor Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Mukesh, Rajeswari; Bharathi, V Subbiah

    2009-01-01

    Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity. Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is bei...

  20. Wireless Sensor Network Application Development : An Architecture-Centric MDE Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Losilla Moreno, Fernando; Vicente Chicote, Cristina; Álvarez Torres, María Bárbara; Iborra García, Andrés José; Sánchez Palma, Pedro

    2007-01-01

    Nowadays, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are a very promising research field since they find application in many different areas. Current proposals for WSN system development are mainly focused on implementation issues and they rarely rely on a Software Engineering methodology which supports their entire development life-cycle. The Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) approach can contribute to solve this problem by allowing designers to model their systems at different abstraction levels, providin...

  1. Architecture Supporting Discovery and Management of Heterogeneous Sensors for Smart System Using Generic Middleware

    OpenAIRE

    Soma Bandyopadhyay; Abhijan Bhattacharyya

    2012-01-01

    This Smart environments, starting from smart home to more complex one like smart city, demand efficientinteroperation mechanism among different heterogeneous sensors including the discovery and themanagement of these devices. The diverse domains of applications also require interoperation amongthemselves. The middleware plays a key role to achieve this interoperation. The middleware is alsoresponsible for providing abstractions to the application interfaces and device sensing. In the currenta...

  2. A Study of Wireless Sensor Networks for Urban Traffic Monitoring: Applications and Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Kafi, Mohamed Amine; Challal, Yacine; Djenouri, Djamel; Doudou, Messaoud; Bouabdallah, Abdelmadjid; Badache, Nadjib

    2013-01-01

    With the constant increasing of Vehicular traffic around the world, especially in urban areas, existing traffic management solutions become inefficient. This can be clearly seen in our life through persistent traffic jam and rising number of accidents. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) based intelligent transportation systems (ITS) have emerged as a cost effective technology that bear a pivotal potential to overcome these difficulties. This technology enables a new broad range of smart city appl...

  3. Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless Bio-Medical Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Rajeswari Mukesh; Dr. A Damodaram; Dr.V.SUBBIAH BHARATHI

    2009-01-01

    Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and me...

  4. Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless BioMedical Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Mukesh, Rajeswari; A Damodaram; Bharathi, V. Subbiah

    2009-01-01

    Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing ...

  5. Enhancement of Characteristics of a Touch Sensor by Controlling the Multi-Layer Architecture of a Low-Cost Metal Mesh Pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwak, Seung-Hoon; Kwak, Min-Gi; Ju, Byeong-Kwon; Hong, Sung-Jei

    2015-10-01

    In this study, the characteristics of a metal mesh touch sensor were enhanced by optimizing the multi-layer architecture of the metal mesh pattern. Low-cost metal such as an aluminum (Al) layer was mainly applied to the architectures for practical applications in touch screen panel (TSP) industries. As well, molybdenum (Mo) was added to the architectures in order to minimize the drawbacks of Al. Three types of Mo/Al, Al/Mo and Mo/Al/Mo layers were fabricated by DC sputtering. The thickness of the Al and Mo layer was optimized at 150 and 30 nm, respectively. Low sheet resistance below 0.27 ?/square was achieved with good adhesion on a glass substrate. Especially, in the case of architectures in which the Al layer was covered with an Mo layer, thermal stability and corrosion resistance was enhanced. The change in resistance of the Mo/Al/Mo architecture was less than 0.056 even after heat-treatment at 260 °C. By using the optimized layer architecture, the mesh pattern with a 4 ?m line width showed good optical transmittance (86.7%) and reflectivity (13.1%) at 550 nm, respectively. Also, a touch sensor fabricated by using the Mo/Al/Mo mesh pattern operated well indicating that the mesh pattern is feasible in a TSP application. PMID:26726389

  6. Hydrothermal self-assembly of novel porous flower-like SnO2 architecture and its application in ethanol sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, X. H.; Ma, S. Y.; Sun, A. M.; Zhang, Z. M.; Jin, W. X.; Wang, T. T.; Li, W. Q.; Xu, X. L.; Luo, J.; Cheng, L.; Mao, Y. Z.; Zhang, M.

    2015-11-01

    Different morphologies of tin dioxide (SnO2) architectures were prepared by increasing reaction time (12, 18, 24 and 48 h) under a facile hydrothermal process and followed by calcination. The crystal structures and morphologies of the hierarchical architecture were characterized in detail by means of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray detector (EDX), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The results showed that the porous flower-like SnO2 architecture was obtained by 24 h hydrotherm treatment. Most importantly, the sensors based on porous flower-like SnO2 architecture exhibited perfect sensing performance toward ethanol with excellent selectivity, high response and fast response-recovery capability compared with other SnO2 nanoflowers for the same ethanol concentration at 300 °C. The response value was about 208 and the response-recovery time was around 8 and 7 s for 500 ppm ethanol, respectively. The enhancement in gas sensing properties was attributed to the unique structures, including the flower-like structure and porous feature, which provided more gas active center and diffusion pathways. The results indicated that porous flower-like SnO2 architecture was a potential candidate for fabricating effective ethanol sensor. Furthermore, the possible growth mechanism and the ethanol sensing mechanism of the architecture were discussed, too.

  7. Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless Bio-Medical Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeswari Mukesh

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN, a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity.Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is being transmitted from the sensor node to the sink device. This is achieved by authenticating the data using patients biometric , encrypting the data using Quasi Group cryptography after compressing the image data using an energy efficient number theory based technique.

  8. A DVP-Based Bridge Architecture to Randomly Access Pixels of High-Speed Image Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan TareqHasan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A design of a novel bridge is proposed to interface digital-video-port (DVP compatible image sensors with popular microcontrollers. Most commercially available CMOS image sensors send image data at high speed and in a row-by-row fashion. On the other hand, commercial microcontrollers run at relatively slower speed, and many embedded system applications need random access of pixel values. Moreover, commercial microcontrollers may not have sufficient internal memory to store a complete image of high resolution. The proposed bridge addresses these problems and provides an easy-to-use and compact way to interface image sensors with microcontrollers. The proposed design is verified in FPGA and later implemented using CMOS 0.18?um Artisan library cells. The design costs 4,735 gates and 0.12?mm2 silicon area. The synthesis results show that the bridge can support a data rate up to 254?megasamples/sec. Its applications may include pattern recognition, robotic vision, tracking system, and medical imaging.

  9. Design and implementation of PAVEMON: A GIS web-based pavement monitoring system based on large amounts of heterogeneous sensors data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahini Shamsabadi, Salar

    A web-based PAVEment MONitoring system, PAVEMON, is a GIS oriented platform for accommodating, representing, and leveraging data from a multi-modal mobile sensor system. Stated sensor system consists of acoustic, optical, electromagnetic, and GPS sensors and is capable of producing as much as 1 Terabyte of data per day. Multi-channel raw sensor data (microphone, accelerometer, tire pressure sensor, video) and processed results (road profile, crack density, international roughness index, micro texture depth, etc.) are outputs of this sensor system. By correlating the sensor measurements and positioning data collected in tight time synchronization, PAVEMON attaches a spatial component to all the datasets. These spatially indexed outputs are placed into an Oracle database which integrates seamlessly with PAVEMON's web-based system. The web-based system of PAVEMON consists of two major modules: 1) a GIS module for visualizing and spatial analysis of pavement condition information layers, and 2) a decision-support module for managing maintenance and repair (M?) activities and predicting future budget needs. PAVEMON weaves together sensor data with third-party climate and traffic information from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Long Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) databases for an organized data driven approach to conduct pavement management activities. PAVEMON deals with heterogeneous and redundant observations by fusing them for jointly-derived higher-confidence results. A prominent example of the fusion algorithms developed within PAVEMON is a data fusion algorithm used for estimating the overall pavement conditions in terms of ASTM's Pavement Condition Index (PCI). PAVEMON predicts PCI by undertaking a statistical fusion approach and selecting a subset of all the sensor measurements. Other fusion algorithms include noise-removal algorithms to remove false negatives in the sensor data in addition to fusion algorithms developed for identifying features on the road. PAVEMON offers an ideal research and monitoring platform for rapid, intelligent and comprehensive evaluation of tomorrow's transportation infrastructure based on up-to-date data from heterogeneous sensor systems.

  10. A solution for parallel network architectures applied to network defense appliances and sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naber, Eric C.; Velez, Paul G.; Johal, Amanpreet S.

    2012-06-01

    Network defense has more technologies available for purchase today than ever before. As the number of threats increase, organizations are deploying multiple defense technologies to defend their networks. For instance, an enterprise network boundary often implements multiple network defense appliances, some with overlapping capabilities (e.g., firewalls, IDS/IPS, DNS Defense). These appliances are applied in a serial fashion to create a chain of network processing specifically designed to drop bad traffic from the network. In these architectures, once a packet is dropped by an appliance subsequent appliances do not process it. This introduces significant limitations; (1) Stateful appliances will maintain an internal state which differs from network reality; (2) The network manager cannot determine, or unit test, how each appliance would have treated each packet; (3) The appliance "votes" cannot be combined to achieve higherlevel functionality. To address these limitations, we have developed a novel, backwards-compatible Parallel Architecture for Network Defense Appliances (PANDA). Our approach allows every appliance to process all network traffic and cast a vote to drop or allow each packet. This "crowd-sourcing" approach allows the network designer to take full advantage of each appliance, understand how each appliance is behaving, and achieve new collaborative appliance behavior.

  11. Multi-Sensor As-Built Models of Complex Industrial Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Hullo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of increased maintenance operations and generational renewal work, a nuclear owner and operator, like Electricité de France (EDF, is invested in the scaling-up of tools and methods of “as-built virtual reality” for whole buildings and large audiences. In this paper, we first present the state of the art of scanning tools and methods used to represent a very complex architecture. Then, we propose a methodology and assess it in a large experiment carried out on the most complex building of a 1300-megawatt power plant, an 11-floor reactor building. We also present several developments that made possible the acquisition, processing and georeferencing of multiple data sources (1000+ 3D laser scans and RGB panoramic, total-station surveying, 2D floor plans and the 3D reconstruction of CAD as-built models. In addition, we introduce new concepts for user interaction with complex architecture, elaborated during the development of an application that allows a painless exploration of the whole dataset by professionals, unfamiliar with such data types. Finally, we discuss the main feedback items from this large experiment, the remaining issues for the generalization of such large-scale surveys and the future technical and scientific challenges in the field of industrial “virtual reality”.

  12. An Agent Based Architecture (Using Planning) for Dynamic and Semantic Web Services Composition in an EBXML Context

    CERN Document Server

    Ouassila, Hioual; 10.5121/ijdms

    2011-01-01

    The process-based semantic composition of Web Services is gaining a considerable momentum as an approach for the effective integration of distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous applications. To compose Web Services semantically, we need an ontology. There are several ways of inserting semantics in Web Services. One of them consists of using description languages like OWL-S. In this paper, we introduce our work which consists in the proposition of a new model and the use of semantic matching technology for semantic and dynamic composition of ebXML business processes.

  13. Applications and methods utilizing the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP for bioinformatics resource discovery and disparate data and service integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Rex T

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Scientific data integration and computational service discovery are challenges for the bioinformatic community. This process is made more difficult by the separate and independent construction of biological databases, which makes the exchange of data between information resources difficult and labor intensive. A recently described semantic web protocol, the Simple Semantic Web Architecture and Protocol (SSWAP; pronounced "swap" offers the ability to describe data and services in a semantically meaningful way. We report how three major information resources (Gramene, SoyBase and the Legume Information System [LIS] used SSWAP to semantically describe selected data and web services. Methods We selected high-priority Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL, genomic mapping, trait, phenotypic, and sequence data and associated services such as BLAST for publication, data retrieval, and service invocation via semantic web services. Data and services were mapped to concepts and categories as implemented in legacy and de novo community ontologies. We used SSWAP to express these offerings in OWL Web Ontology Language (OWL, Resource Description Framework (RDF and eXtensible Markup Language (XML documents, which are appropriate for their semantic discovery and retrieval. We implemented SSWAP services to respond to web queries and return data. These services are registered with the SSWAP Discovery Server and are available for semantic discovery at http://sswap.info. Results A total of ten services delivering QTL information from Gramene were created. From SoyBase, we created six services delivering information about soybean QTLs, and seven services delivering genetic locus information. For LIS we constructed three services, two of which allow the retrieval of DNA and RNA FASTA sequences with the third service providing nucleic acid sequence comparison capability (BLAST. Conclusions The need for semantic integration technologies has preceded available solutions. We report the feasibility of mapping high priority data from local, independent, idiosyncratic data schemas to common shared concepts as implemented in web-accessible ontologies. These mappings are then amenable for use in semantic web services. Our implementation of approximately two dozen services means that biological data at three large information resources (Gramene, SoyBase, and LIS is available for programmatic access, semantic searching, and enhanced interaction between the separate missions of these resources.

  14. Architecture of poly(o-phenylenediamine)–Ag nanoparticle composites for a hydrogen peroxide sensor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: Schematic representation of the formation process of AgNPs/PoPD/GCE via a two-step procedure consisting of electropolymerization of o-PD and electrodeposition of AgNPs and their application in H2O2 detection. Highlights: ? o-Phenylenediamine (o-PD) was electropolymerized on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). ? The conductive PoPD film was three-dimensional (3D) porous structure. ? Ag NPs formed by electrodepositing and uniformly dispersed on the 3D PoPD film. ? AgNPs/PoPD/GCE displayed good electrocatalytic activity to the reduction of H2O2. - Abstract: A novel strategy to fabricate a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) sensor was developed by electrodepositing Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) on a poly(o-phenylenediamine) (PoPD) film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Firstly, the o-phenylenediamine was polymerized on a GCE by potential cycling to produce PoPD film. Then the AgNPs were electrodeposited on the PoPD film to form AgNPs/PoPD/GCE. The morphology of the electropolymerized PoPD film and the electrodeposited AgNPs were characterized by atomic force microscopy. The results showed the PoPD film was porous and the AgNPs dispersed uniformly on the PoPD film. Cylic voltammetry and amperometry were used to evaluate electrocatalytic properties of the AgNPs/PoPD/GCE. The electrode displayed good electrocatalytic activity in the reduction of H2O2 and could be used as a sensor for H2O2 detection. The sensor exhibited fast amperometric response to H2O2 with high selectivity, good reproducibility and stability. The linear range was 6.0 ?M to 67.3 mM with a detection limit of 1.5 ?M. Thus, it is considered to be an ideal candidate for practical application.

  15. A Low Cost, Online, Computer Controlled Robot Architecture Using a CCTV Network as Sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Abhinav Gupta; Akhil Piplani; Shailendra Mahani

    2007-01-01

    An important deterrent in deployment of robots in factories across the globe is the cost involved. A rather large part of that cost is the sensors which are also very unreliable and least robust. This paper proposes a cheaper, simpler and more dynamic robot prototype by using the factory’s existing CCTV cameras as the primary sensing equipment. Image Processing and total control of the robot(s) is handled by a computer. Using a server-client model, the robot(s) can also be controlled online. ...

  16. A Development Architecture for Serious Games Using BCI (Brain Computer Interface Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyhyun Um

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Games that use brainwaves via brain–computer interface (BCI devices, to improve brain functions are known as BCI serious games. Due to the difficulty of developing BCI serious games, various BCI engines and authoring tools are required, and these reduce the development time and cost. However, it is desirable to reduce the amount of technical knowledge of brain functions and BCI devices needed by game developers. Moreover, a systematic BCI serious game development process is required. In this paper, we present a methodology for the development of BCI serious games. We describe an architecture, authoring tools, and development process of the proposed methodology, and apply it to a game development approach for patients with mild cognitive impairment as an example. This application demonstrates that BCI serious games can be developed on the basis of expert-verified theories.

  17. A Low Cost, Online, Computer Controlled Robot Architecture Using a CCTV Network as Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhinav Gupta

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available An important deterrent in deployment of robots in factories across the globe is the cost involved. A rather large part of that cost is the sensors which are also very unreliable and least robust. This paper proposes a cheaper, simpler and more dynamic robot prototype by using the factory’s existing CCTV cameras as the primary sensing equipment. Image Processing and total control of the robot(s is handled by a computer. Using a server-client model, the robot(s can also be controlled online. The software for the prototype was developed in MATLAB. This system is easily reprogrammable and deployable in a vast range of situations.

  18. Architectural solutions of conformal network-centric staring-sensor systems with spherical field of view

    CERN Document Server

    Makarenko, A V

    2011-01-01

    The article presents the concept of network-centric conformal electro-optical systems construction with spherical field of view. It discusses abstract passive distributed electro-optical systems with focal array detectors based on a group of moving objects distributed in space. The system performs conformal processing of information from sensor matrix in a single event coordinate-time field. Unequivocally the construction of the systems which satisfy the different criteria of optimality is very complicated and requires special approaches to their development and design. The paper briefly touches upon key questions (in the authors' opinion) in the synthesis of such systems that meet different criteria of optimality. The synthesis of such systems is discussed by authors with the systematic and synergy approaches.

  19. A Computational Architecture Based on RFID Sensors for Traceability in Smart Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora-Mora, Higinio; Gilart-Iglesias, Virgilio; Gil, David; Sirvent-Llamas, Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    Information Technology and Communications (ICT) is presented as the main element in order to achieve more efficient and sustainable city resource management, while making sure that the needs of the citizens to improve their quality of life are satisfied. A key element will be the creation of new systems that allow the acquisition of context information, automatically and transparently, in order to provide it to decision support systems. In this paper, we present a novel distributed system for obtaining, representing and providing the flow and movement of people in densely populated geographical areas. In order to accomplish these tasks, we propose the design of a smart sensor network based on RFID communication technologies, reliability patterns and integration techniques. Contrary to other proposals, this system represents a comprehensive solution that permits the acquisition of user information in a transparent and reliable way in a non-controlled and heterogeneous environment. This knowledge will be useful in moving towards the design of smart cities in which decision support on transport strategies, business evaluation or initiatives in the tourism sector will be supported by real relevant information. As a final result, a case study will be presented which will allow the validation of the proposal. PMID:26067195

  20. Network Architecture and Performance Analysis of MULTI-OLT PON for FTTH and Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masanori Hanawa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available An integrated fiber-to-the-homes (FTTHs and wireless sensor network (WSN provides a cost-effective solution to build up an immaculate ubiquitous-City (U-city. The key objectives of effective convergence of FTTH and WSN are less computational complexity for data packet processing, low installation cost, and good quality of services. In this paper, we introduce an integrated network structure of multi-optical line terminal (multi-OLT passive optical network (PON which can accommodate multiple service providers in a single PON. A modified version of interleaved polling algorithm is proposed for scheduling of control messages from multiple OLTs in a single network. We also provide detailed numerical analysis of cycle time variation, successive grant scheduling time, and average packet delay for both uniform and non-uniform traffic loads generated by each ONU, using fixed service bandwidth allocation scheme and limited service bandwidth allocation scheme. We also compare the throughput of the proposed scheme with existing single-OLT PON for non-uniform traffic load using limited service bandwidth allocation scheme. The simulation results show that the proposed multi-OLT PON system can supports existing bandwidth allocation schemes with better performance than the single-OLT PON in terms of average packet delay, bandwidth utilization, and throughput.

  1. A Computational Architecture Based on RFID Sensors for Traceability in Smart Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora-Mora, Higinio; Gilart-Iglesias, Virgilio; Gil, David; Sirvent-Llamas, Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    Information Technology and Communications (ICT) is presented as the main element in order to achieve more efficient and sustainable city resource management, while making sure that the needs of the citizens to improve their quality of life are satisfied. A key element will be the creation of new systems that allow the acquisition of context information, automatically and transparently, in order to provide it to decision support systems. In this paper, we present a novel distributed system for obtaining, representing and providing the flow and movement of people in densely populated geographical areas. In order to accomplish these tasks, we propose the design of a smart sensor network based on RFID communication technologies, reliability patterns and integration techniques. Contrary to other proposals, this system represents a comprehensive solution that permits the acquisition of user information in a transparent and reliable way in a non-controlled and heterogeneous environment. This knowledge will be useful in moving towards the design of smart cities in which decision support on transport strategies, business evaluation or initiatives in the tourism sector will be supported by real relevant information. As a final result, a case study will be presented which will allow the validation of the proposal. PMID:26067195

  2. A Computational Architecture Based on RFID Sensors for Traceability in Smart Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Higinio Mora-Mora

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology and Communications (ICT is presented as the main element in order to achieve more efficient and sustainable city resource management, while making sure that the needs of the citizens to improve their quality of life are satisfied. A key element will be the creation of new systems that allow the acquisition of context information, automatically and transparently, in order to provide it to decision support systems. In this paper, we present a novel distributed system for obtaining, representing and providing the flow and movement of people in densely populated geographical areas. In order to accomplish these tasks, we propose the design of a smart sensor network based on RFID communication technologies, reliability patterns and integration techniques. Contrary to other proposals, this system represents a comprehensive solution that permits the acquisition of user information in a transparent and reliable way in a non-controlled and heterogeneous environment. This knowledge will be useful in moving towards the design of smart cities in which decision support on transport strategies, business evaluation or initiatives in the tourism sector will be supported by real relevant information. As a final result, a case study will be presented which will allow the validation of the proposal.

  3. Semantics, Sensors, and the Social Web: The Live Social Semantics Experiments

    OpenAIRE

    Szomszor, Martin; Cattuto, Ciro; Van den Broeck, Wouter; Barrat, Alain; Alani, Harith

    2010-01-01

    The Live Social Semantics is an innovative application that encourages and guides social networking between researchers at conferences and similar events. The application integrates data from the Semantic Web, online social networks, and a face-to-face contact sensing platform. It helps researchers to find like-minded and influential researchers, to identify and meet people in their community of practice, and to capture and later retrace their real-world networking activities. The application...

  4. Exploration of the potential performance of polycrystalline silicon-based active matrix flat-panel imagers incorporating active pixel sensor architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonuk, Larry E.; El-Mohri, Youcef; Zhao, Qihua; Koniczek, Martin; McDonald, John; Yeakey, Mike; Wang, Yi; Behravan, Mahdokht; Street, Robert A.; Lu, JengPing

    2008-03-01

    Conventional active matrix flat-panel imagers (AMFPIs), employing amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) semiconductors, are based on a relatively simple pixel architecture, commonly taking the form of a single, thin-film transistor (TFT) coupled to a pixel storage capacitor. Although this semiconductor-architecture combination has led to the successful creation of x-ray imagers for many applications, a variety of significant performance limitations related to DQE, frame rate and charge trapping have also become apparent. While prospects for designing solutions to these restrictions based on a-Si:H TFTs are uncertain, progress in the development of high-quality polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) TFTs is opening up new possibilities for large area x-ray imager design. Recently, initial prototype imagers have been developed using poly-Si TFTs in the form of 1-stage and 2-stage pixel amplifiers-ircuit architectures that can generally be referred to as active pixel sensors (APS). The insight gained from empirical evaluations of such prototypes, coupled with theoretical studies, can inspire increasingly sophisticated APS architectures that overcome the limitations, while preserving the advantages, of conventional AMFPIs. In this paper, cascaded systems analysis and circuit simulation are used to explore potential performance improvements enabled by APS architectures based on poly-Si TFTs. These studies suggest that it is possible to achieve significant improvements in DQE at low exposures or very small pixel sizes, higher maximum frame rates, and reduced charge trapping effects through implementation of such architectures.

  5. Architecture and Implementation of Real Time Vehicle Tracking System Using Wireless, Sensor Devices and Google Maps API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khizar Ahmed Syed

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The integration of different technologies potentially provides support to wide variety of applications and systems with vastly varying requirements and characteristics. Vehicle tracking system is one of such applications possible by embedding wireless sensor devices on the vehicles. The motor carrier industry has been investing in and implementing vehicle tracking, for a number of reasons, particularly the increase in efficiency achieved through better management of both personnel (drivers and assets (trucks or, as they are known, tractors; cargo loads; and trailers. Recently, Vehicle Tracking Systems (VTS are developed and deployed in numerous environments. These systems are capable of transmitting vehicle’s location information and other custom parameters in real time. In these systems, the device installed in the vehicle can transmit the location information, speed of the vehicle at that particular instance, total kilometer run of the vehicle, ignition status, battery status and many other custom parameters in real time to a remote data centre using SDCP protocol. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of a real time VTS that incorporates a hardware device installed in the vehicle and a remote data center with tracking sever and a web application with Google Maps API to depict the trail of the vehicle.

  6. Concepts and Development of Bio-Inspired Distributed Embedded Wired/Wireless Sensor Array Architectures for Acoustic Wave Sensing in Integrated Aerospace Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghoshal, Anindya; Prosser, William H.; Kirikera, Goutham; Schulz, Mark J.; Hughes, Derke J.; Orisamolu, Wally

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses the modeling of acoustic emissions in plate structures and their sensing by embedded or surface bonded piezoelectric sensor arrays. Three different modeling efforts for acoustic emission (AE) wave generation and propagation are discussed briefly along with their advantages and disadvantages. Continuous sensors placed at right angles on a plate are being discussed as a new approach to measure and locate the source of acoustic waves. Evolutionary novel signal processing algorithms and bio-inspired distributed sensor array systems are used on large structures and integrated aerospace vehicles for AE source localization and preliminary results are presented. These systems allow for a great reduction in the amount of data that needs to be processed and also reduce the chances of false alarms from ambient noises. It is envisioned that these biomimetic sensor arrays and signal processing techniques will be useful for both wireless and wired sensor arrays for real time health monitoring of large integrated aerospace vehicles and earth fixed civil structures. The sensor array architectures can also be used with other types of sensors and for other applications.

  7. Theridion echinatum Gao & Li, 2014, a junior synonym of Theridion zonulatum Thorell, 1890 (Araneae, Theridiidae) with comments on its web architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankaran, Pradeep M; Malamel, Jobi J; Joseph, Mathew M; Sebastian, Pothalil A

    2015-01-01

    The spider genus Theridion was established by Walckenaer in 1805 with Theridion pictum (Walckenaer, 1802) as the type species. It is the most 'species rich' theridiid genus comprising 584 described species and 6 subspecies (World Spider Catalog 2015). Theridion zonulatum Thorell, 1890, 'the zebra theridiid spider', which is known only by the female, was described from Sumatra. Gao & Li (2014) described Theridion echinatum from the Yunnan Province in China based only on male specimens. During our surveys of Indian spiders, we came across a matching-pair of male and female theridiid spiders from the Kerala region in India. Our female spiders appeared to belong to T. zonulatum, while male spiders shared the features of T. echinatum. This led us to the conclusion that both T. zonulatum and T. echinatum are conspecific. In the present paper, we synonymise T. echinatum with T. zonulatum. The web architecture of T. zonulatum is also described. PMID:26623796

  8. Sharing Human-Generated Observations by Integrating HMI and the Semantic Sensor Web

    OpenAIRE

    David Conejero; Vasile Vancea; Luis Hernández Gómez; Álvaro Sigüenza; José Luis Blanco; Jesús Bernat; David Díaz-Pardo

    2012-01-01

    Current “Internet of Things” concepts point to a future where connected objects gather meaningful information about their environment and share it with other objects and people. In particular, objects embedding Human Machine Interaction (HMI), such as mobile devices and, increasingly, connected vehicles, home appliances, urban interactive infrastructures, etc., may not only be conceived as sources of sensor information, but, through interaction with their users, they can ...

  9. S-MAS: An adaptive hierarchical distributed multi-agent architecture for blocking malicious SOAP messages within Web Services environments

    OpenAIRE

    Pinzón Trejo, Cristian Iván; Bajo Pérez, Javier; Paz Santana, Juan Francisco de; Corchado Rodríguez, Juan Manuel

    2011-01-01

    [ES] Durante los últimos años el uso de aplicaciones basadas en servicios Web se ha incrementado notablemente. Sin embargo, la seguridad no ha evolucionado de forma proporcional, lo que hace que estas aplicaciones sean vulnerables y objeto de ataques . Uno de los ataques más comunes que requieren soluciones novedosas es el ataque de denegación de servicio (DoS ) , causada por las modificaciones introducidas en el XML de los mensajes SOAP. Las especificaciones de las normas de seguridad existe...

  10. Web Technologies and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    papers cover contemporary topics in the fields of Web management and World Wide Web related research and applications, such as advanced application of databases, cloud computing, content management, data mining and knowledge discovery, distributed and parallel processing, grid computing, internet of...... things, semantic Web and Web ontology, security, privacy and trust, sensor networks, service-oriented computing, Web community analysis, Web mining and social networks....

  11. Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and sensor web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamel Boulos Maged N

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract 'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011, OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE are now full-fledged, crowdsourced 'Wikipedias of the Earth' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and 'human-in-the-loop sensing' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust, the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS, as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world.

  12. Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and sensor web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamel Boulos, Maged N; Resch, Bernd; Crowley, David N; Breslin, John G; Sohn, Gunho; Burtner, Russ; Pike, William A; Jezierski, Eduardo; Chuang, Kuo-Yu Slayer

    2011-01-01

    'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE) are now full-fledged, crowdsourced 'Wikipedias of the Earth' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional) models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and 'human-in-the-loop sensing' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust), the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS), as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world. PMID:22188675

  13. Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and Sensor Web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kamel Boulos, Maged N

    2011-12-21

    Abstract \\'Wikification of GIS by the masses\\' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild\\'s term \\'Volunteered Geographic Information\\'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE) are now full-fledged, crowdsourced \\'Wikipedias of the Earth\\' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional) models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and \\'human-in-the-loop sensing\\' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis\\/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, "noise", misinformation, bias and trust), the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS), as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world.

  14. Digital Earth Watch (DEW): How Mobile Apps Are Paving The Way Towards A Federated Web-Services Architecture For Citizen Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrera, F.; Schloss, A. L.; Guerin, S.; Beaudry, J.; Pickle, J.

    2011-12-01

    Dozens of web-based initiatives allow citizens to provide information to programs that monitor the health of our environment. A concerned citizen can participate on-line as a weather "spotter", provide important phenological information to national databases, update bird counts in the area, or record the freezing of ponds, and much more. Many of these programs are developing mobile apps as companion tools to their web sites. Our group was involved in the development of one such companion app as an adjunct to the Picture Post project web site. Digital Earth Watch (DEW) and the Picture Post network support environmental monitoring through repeat digital photography and satellite imagery. A Picture Post is an eight-sided platform on a stand-alone post for taking a panoramic series of photographs. By taking pictures on a regular basis at Picture Post sites and by sharing these pictures on the program's web site (housed at the University of New Hampshire), citizen scientists are creating a photographic library of change-over-time in their local area and contributing to national monitoring programs. Our DEW Android application simplifies participation by allowing users to upload pictures instantly from their smart phone. The app also removes the constraint of the physical picture post, by allowing users to create a virtual post anywhere in the world. Posts have been set up to monitor trails, forests, water, wetlands, gardens and landscapes. The app uses the phone's GPS to position the virtual post in its geographic location and guides the user through the orientations thanks to the internal accelerometers and compass. To aid in the before-and-after comparison of images taken from the same orientation, the DEW app displays an "onionskin" of the prior image overlayed onto the camera viewfinder. With the transparent onionskin as a guide, the user can align the images more accurately, thus allowing differences between pictures to be detectable and measurable. The app interacts with the UNH server via APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) that were created to allow bi-directional machine-to-machine interaction between the mobile device and the web site. Thus, the principal functions that a user can perform on the web site, such as finding post sites on a map and viewing and adding picture sets, are available on the smartphone. The development of the APIs makes it now possible not only to communicate with our own mobile app, but, more importantly, it opens the door for other computer systems to directly interact with our server. Our ongoing discussions with the National Phenology Network and Project Budburst, have highlighted the potential (and perhaps the need) for the creation of a distributed web-service architecture whereby each national program exposes its key functionalities not only to their own mobile phone apps, but also to other organizations, in a federated system of servers, all supporting citizen-based digital earth watch programs.

  15. Architecture and Implementation of a Scalable Sensor Data Storage and Analysis System Using Cloud Computing and Big Data Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Galip Aydin; Ibrahim Riza Hallac; Betul Karakus

    2015-01-01

    Sensors are becoming ubiquitous. From almost any type of industrial applications to intelligent vehicles, smart city applications, and healthcare applications, we see a steady growth of the usage of various types of sensors. The rate of increase in the amount of data produced by these sensors is much more dramatic since sensors usually continuously produce data. It becomes crucial for these data to be stored for future reference and to be analyzed for finding valuable information, such as fau...

  16. An Energy-Efficient and High-Quality Video Transmission Architecture in Wireless Video-Based Sensor Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Yasaman Samei; Mohsen Ebrahimi Moghadam; Maghsoud Abbaspour; Hadi S. Aghdasi

    2008-01-01

    Technological progress in the fields of Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and wireless communications and also the availability of CMOS cameras, microphones and small-scale array sensors, which may ubiquitously capture multimedia content from the field, have fostered the development of low-cost limited resources Wireless Video-based Sensor Networks (WVSN). With regards to the constraints of video-based sensor nodes and wireless sensor networks, a supporting video stream is not easy to i...

  17. Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartl, Ph.

    This paper reviews the various types of sensors applied in optical and microwave remote sensing from satellites, in particular over land. It covers active and passive sensors, imaging and non-imaging sensors, the basic concepts and some types of instruments used.

  18. Mediating the Semantic Web

    OpenAIRE

    Gardarin, Georges; Dang-Ngoc, Tuyet-Tram

    2004-01-01

    Cet article développe une extension d'une architecture de médiation pour intégrer le Web sémantique. Plus précisément, XLive est un médiateur tout XML développé à PRiSM. Il permet d'exécuter des XQuery sur des sources de données hétérogènes. Après une rapide présentation de XLive et du Web sémantique, une architecture à trois niveaux d'ontologies et de schémas est introduite pour connecter des adaptateurs pour le Web sémantique. Cette architecture vise à intégrer des sources de type Web servi...

  19. GenSensor Suite: A Web-Based Tool for the Analysis of Gene and Protein Interactions, Pathways, and Regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosink, Mark; Khuri, Sawsan; Valdes, Camilo; Jiang, Zhijie; Tsinoremas, Nicholas F

    2011-01-01

    The GenSensor Suite consists of four web tools for elucidating relationships among genes and proteins. GenPath results show which biochemical, regulatory, or other gene set categories are over- or under-represented in an input list compared to a background list. All common gene sets are available for searching in GenPath, plus some specialized sets. Users can add custom background lists. GenInteract builds an interaction gene list from a single gene input and then analyzes this in GenPath. GenPubMed uses a PubMed query to identify a list of PubMed IDs, from which a gene list is extracted and queried in GenPath. GenViewer allows the user to query one gene set against another in GenPath. GenPath results are presented with relevant P- and q-values in an uncluttered, fully linked, and integrated table. Users can easily copy this table and paste it directly into a spreadsheet or document. PMID:22194743

  20. Sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, H. [PBI-Dansensor A/S (Denmark); Toft Soerensen, O. [Risoe National Lab., Materials Research Dept. (Denmark)

    1999-10-01

    A new type of ceramic oxygen sensors based on semiconducting oxides was developed in this project. The advantage of these sensors compared to standard ZrO{sub 2} sensors is that they do not require a reference gas and that they can be produced in small sizes. The sensor design and the techniques developed for production of these sensors are judged suitable by the participating industry for a niche production of a new generation of oxygen sensors. Materials research on new oxygen ion conducting conductors both for applications in oxygen sensors and in fuel was also performed in this project and finally a new process was developed for fabrication of ceramic tubes by dip-coating. (EHS)

  1. Sensors

    CERN Document Server

    Pigorsch, Enrico

    1997-01-01

    This is the 5th edition of the Metra Martech Directory "EUROPEAN CENTRES OF EXPERTISE - SENSORS." The entries represent a survey of European sensors development. The new edition contains 425 detailed profiles of companies and research institutions in 22 countries. This is reflected in the diversity of sensors development programmes described, from sensors for physical parameters to biosensors and intelligent sensor systems. We do not claim that all European organisations developing sensors are included, but this is a good cross section from an invited list of participants. If you see gaps or omissions, or would like your organisation to be included, please send details. The data base invites the formation of effective joint ventures by identifying and providing access to specific areas in which organisations offer collaboration. This issue is recognised to be of great importance and most entrants include details of collaboration offered and sought. We hope the directory on Sensors will help you to find the ri...

  2. Web Crawler: Extracting the Web Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mini Singh Ahuja

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Internet usage has increased a lot in recent times. Users can find their resources by using different hypertext links. This usage of Internet has led to the invention of web crawlers. Web crawlers are full text search engines which assist users in navigating the web. These web crawlers can also be used in further research activities. For e.g. the crawled data can be used to find missing links, community detection in complex networks. In this paper we have reviewed web crawlers: their architecture, types and various challenges being faced when search engines use the web crawlers.

  3. Rapidice Viewer: a Web Application to Observe Near Real-Time Changes in Polar Ice Sheets and Glaciers with a Multi-Sensor Multi-Temporal Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herried, B.; Porter, C. C.; Morin, P. J.; Howat, I. M.; Rapid Ice Sheet Change Observatory (Risco)

    2011-12-01

    The Rapid Ice Sheet Change Observatory (RISCO) is an inter-organizational collaboration created to provide a systematic framework for gathering, processing, analyzing, and distributing consistent satellite imagery of polar ice sheet dynamics. With increased access to satellite imagery from a number of sources with a various licensing agreements, RISCO has gathered, processed, and served imagery from sensors at multiple spatial and temporal resolutions through time. Currently, sensors included in the data repository are LANDSAT, MODIS, ENVISAT, ASTER, SPOT, WorldView-01, WorldView-02, QuickBird-02, and, GeoEye-01. With the data, we observe glacial dynamics for polar regions and have developed an interactive web application to view and serve data. The RapidIce Viewer provides an interface to RISCO's satellite imagery repository, presenting it in an integrated, web-based application. Users can filter by date, sensor, and region to explore current or historical imagery. The application features options to download the processed satellite data as well as to view animated movies for specified date ranges and regions. It allows researchers to view ice sheet and glacial dynamics, statuses, trends, and events conveniently from a web browser.

  4. Web2OHS: a Web2.0-based omnibearing homecare system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, Hao-Hsiang; Huang, Chung-Ming

    2010-03-01

    This study presents a Web2.0-based Omnibearing Homecare System (Web2OHS) that uses our proposed Application Layer Somecast (ALS) protocol for real-time interactions. Web2OHS provides omnibearing homecare and patientcare services for medical staff and caregivers, which are capable of assisting families, physicians, and nurses to obtain patients' physiological information using healthcare sensors, as well as monitor their behaviors using monitoring-based services. Web2OHS is a three-tier architecture that consists of Web2OHS clients, the Web2.0-based Patientcare Service Platform (WPSP), and the Medicine-based Active Database (MADB). Users can interact with Web2OHS using various appliances and retrieve the latest physiological and monitoring data using really simple syndication (RSS) and the proposed ALS services. The WPSP supports Web2.0-based applications, including blog-like monitoring services, monitoring-based RSS services, a real-time interaction services, and ALS services. The MADB provides a well-designed database, which stores physiological information, clinical information, digital imaging and communications in medicine image files, and monitoring frames. All of the delivered messages are based on extensible markup language and the Health Level 7 protocol. The proposed Web2OHS can support medical informatics and is compatible with related medical information systems. PMID:20007036

  5. Low Latency Sensor Web Integration of Seismic Tomography, InSAR, and Deformation Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kedar, S.; Masterlark, T.; Lees, J. M.; Lundgren, P.; Song, W.

    2011-12-01

    In the volcanic environment, seismometers are sensitive to high-frequency, brittle failure earthquakes (tectonic-shear and dike intrusion events) and volcanic tremor. Real-time seismic analysis provides epicenter location, fault parameters, and, given enough data, the geometry of magmatic intrusion with short latency. Due to the limits of the seismic frequency response, however, seismic data analysis can only infer magma movement and volume change through their manifestation on changes in the elastic properties of the volcano obtained from tomography, and when possible from tracking earthquake hypocenters. Geodetic measurements (GPS, leveling, InSAR) on the other hand, measure volume changes and surface strain more directly by tracking surface deformation. Geodetic observations, however, lack the sensitivity to distinguish between various sources of surface deformation. In particular, the separation of deformation due to magma migration from all other extraneous sources is a key limitation of geodetic data inversion. We will present a framework in which high-resolution, real-time seismic tomography, calculated by a distributed network of seismic sensor nodes, can be coupled with low-latency InSAR acquisition and processing to constrain three-dimensional(3D) finite element model (FEM) solutions for the volcano deformation sources. The FEM simulates pressurized magma chambers (a deformation source) embedded in domains having a distribution of material properties, determined from seismic tomography models, and the irregular relief of a volcano, according to available digital elevation models (DEMs). The mass and volume estimates thus calculated, are then re-incorporated into the next iteration of the seismic tomography. This is done by first delineating subsurface regions where magma injection is required by the deformation models. Model parameters within these 3D structures are constrained by restricting the range of velocity (or Q) those voxels (model elemets) can take on. The constraints are applied with given level of flexibility, so that the seismic inversion can modify the models as required by the travel-time perturbations. A natural feedback between the deformation modeling and the tomographic analysis is achieved via sequential, cooperative inversion.

  6. Mimicking the End Organ Architecture of Slowly Adapting Type I Afferents May Increase the Durability of Artificial Touch Sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Lesniak, Daine R.; Gerling, Gregory J

    2014-01-01

    In effort to mimic the sensitivity and efficient information transfer of natural tactile afferents, recent work has combined force transducers and computational models of mechanosensitive afferents. Sensor durability, another feature important to sensor design, might similarly capitalize upon biological rules. In particular, gains in sensor durability might leverage insight from the compound end organ of the slowly adapting type I afferent, especially its multiple sites of spike initiation th...

  7. Information architecture for digital libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Simon, Scott James; University of South Florida

    2008-01-01

    This paper surveys information architecture in the context of digital libraries. Key concepts are defined as well as common attributes of information architectures in general. Communications standards — including hybrid TCP/IP-OSI, CORBA, and Web services — are explored, as well as the history of information architecture and related models. A number of digital library projects are analyzed with a focus on their distinct architectures. The key role of information architecture in the design and...

  8. Information Architecture: Looking Ahead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Louis

    2002-01-01

    Considers the future of the field of information architecture. Highlights include a comparison with the growth of the field of professional management; the design of information systems since the Web; more demanding users; the need for an interdisciplinary approach; and how to define information architecture. (LRW)

  9. Crowdsourcing, citizen sensing and Sensor Web technologies for public and environmental health surveillance and crisis management: trends, OGC standards and application examples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamel Boulos, Maged; Resch, Bernd; Crowley, David N.; Breslin, John G.; Sohn, Gunho; Burtner, Edwin R.; Pike, William A.; Jeziersk, Eduardo; Slayer Chuang, Kuo Yu

    2011-12-21

    The PIE Activity Awareness Environment is designed to be an adaptive data triage and decision support tool that allows role and activity based situation awareness through a dynamic, trainable filtering system. This paper discusses the process and methodology involved in the application as well as some of its capabilities. 'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google Earth (GE) are now full-fledged, crowdsourced 'Wikipedias of the Earth' par excellence, with millions of users contributing their own layers to GE, attaching photos, videos, notes and even 3-D (three dimensional) models to locations in GE. From using Twitter in participatory sensing and bicycle-mounted sensors in pervasive environmental sensing, to creating a 100,000-sensor geo-mashup using Semantic Web technology, to the 3-D visualisation of indoor and outdoor surveillance data in real-time and the development of next-generation, collaborative natural user interfaces that will power the spatially-enabled public health and emergency situation rooms of the future, where sensor data and citizen reports can be triaged and acted upon in real-time by distributed teams of professionals, this paper offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the overlapping domains of the Sensor Web, citizen sensing and 'human-in-the-loop sensing' in the era of the Mobile and Social Web, and the roles these domains can play in environmental and public health surveillance and crisis/disaster informatics. We provide an in-depth review of the key issues and trends in these areas, the challenges faced when reasoning and making decisions with real-time crowdsourced data (such as issues of information overload, 'noise', misinformation, bias and trust), the core technologies and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards involved (Sensor Web Enablement and Open GeoSMS), as well as a few outstanding project implementation examples from around the world.

  10. MISTRAL and ASTRAL: two CMOS Pixel Sensor architectures suited to the Inner Tracking System of the ALICE experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A detector, equipped with 50 ?m thin CMOS Pixel Sensors (CPS), is being designed for the upgrade of the Inner Tracking System (ITS) of the ALICE experiment at LHC. Two CPS flavours, MISTRAL and ASTRAL, are being developed at IPHC aiming to meet the requirements of the ITS upgrade. The first is derived from the MIMOSA28 sensor designed for the STAR-PXL detector. The second integrates a discriminator in each pixel to improve the readout speed and power consumption. This paper will describe in details the sensor development and show some preliminary test results

  11. 78 FR 67881 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel: Accessibility of Web Sites and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ...infrastructure architecture of their Web sites. Mobile...site layout and architecture affecting non-air...transportation related Web pages. USTOA believes...those affecting a Web site's visual design or site architecture would...

  12. An Advance Open Architecture Astrometric Alignment Sensor for Distributed & Non-Distributed GN&C Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This IRAD will advance the technology to provide a stellar sensor that may be used for astrometric alignments necessary for Formation Flying/Relative Navigation...

  13. A silicon MEMS structure for characterization of femto-farad-level capacitive sensors with lock-in architecture:

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, J.; Chen, Z.L.; Z. W. Liu; Sarro, P.M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a silicon MEMS capacitive structure to investigate a test methodology for fF-level capacitive sensors’ measurement. The device mimics a capacitive sensor with a changing intermediate layer between the electrodes. A single mask bulk micromachining process is used to fabricate the device, which has a nominal capacitance of 1.2 fF. A high performance measurement setup based on lock-in principle is developed to detect the capacitance variation. The maximum capacitance variatio...

  14. System Architecture of HatterHealthConnect: An Integration of Body Sensor Networks and Social Networks to Improve Health Awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Hala ElAarag; David Bauschlicher; Steven Bauschlicher

    2013-01-01

    Over the last decade, the demand for efficient healthcare monitoring has increased and forced the health and wellness industry to embrace modern technological advances. Body Sensor Networks, or BSNs, can remotely collect users data and upload vital statistics to servers over the Internet. Advances in wireless technologies such as cellular devices and Bluetooth increase the mobility users experience while wearing a body sensor network. When connected by the proper framework, ...

  15. Comprendre le Web caché

    OpenAIRE

    Senellart, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    Le Web caché (également appelé Web profond ou Web invisible), c'est-à-dire la partie du Web qui n'est pas directement accessible par des hyperliens, mais à travers des formulaires HTML ou des services Web, est d'une grande valeur, mais difficile à exploiter. Nous présentons un processus pour la découverte, l'analyse syntaxique et sémantique, et l'interrogation des services du Web caché, le tout de manière entièrement automatique. Nous proposons une architecture générale se basant sur un entre...

  16. Hierarchical thin film architectures for enhanced sensor performance: liquid crystal-mediated electrochemical synthesis of nanostructured imprinted polymer films for the selective recognition of bupivacaine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suriyanarayanan, Subramanian; Nawaz, Hazrat; Ndizeye, Natacha; Nicholls, Ian A

    2014-06-01

    Nanostructured bupivacaine-selective molecularly imprinted 3-aminophenylboronic acid-p-phenylenediamine co-polymer (MIP) films have been prepared on gold-coated quartz (Au/quartz) resonators by electrochemical synthesis under cyclic voltammetric conditions in a liquid crystalline (LC) medium (triton X-100/water). Films prepared in water and in the absence of template were used for control studies. Infrared spectroscopic studies demonstrated comparable chemical compositions for LC and control polymer films. SEM studies revealed that the topologies of the molecularly imprinted polymer films prepared in the LC medium (LC-MIP) exhibit discernible 40 nm thick nano-fiber structures, quite unlike the polymers prepared in the absence of the LC-phase. The sensitivity of the LC-MIP in a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor platform was 67.6 ± 4.9 Hz/mM under flow injection analysis (FIA) conditions, which was ?250% higher than for the sensor prepared using the aqueous medium. Detection was possible at 100 nM (30 ng/mL), and discrimination of bupivacaine from closely related structural analogs was readily achieved as reflected in the corresponding stability constants of the MIP-analyte complexes. The facile fabrication and significant enhancement in sensor sensitivity together highlight the potential of this LC-based imprinting strategy for fabrication of polymeric materials with hierarchical architectures, in particular for use in surface-dependent application areas, e.g., biomaterials or sensing. PMID:25587412

  17. Hierarchical Thin Film Architectures for Enhanced Sensor Performance: Liquid Crystal-Mediated Electrochemical Synthesis of Nanostructured Imprinted Polymer Films for the Selective Recognition of Bupivacaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramanian Suriyanarayanan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Nanostructured bupivacaine-selective molecularly imprinted 3-aminophenylboronic acid-p-phenylenediamine co-polymer (MIP films have been prepared on gold-coated quartz (Au/quartz resonators by electrochemical synthesis under cyclic voltammetric conditions in a liquid crystalline (LC medium (triton X-100/water. Films prepared in water and in the absence of template were used for control studies. Infrared spectroscopic studies demonstrated comparable chemical compositions for LC and control polymer films. SEM studies revealed that the topologies of the molecularly imprinted polymer films prepared in the LC medium (LC-MIP exhibit discernible 40 nm thick nano-fiber structures, quite unlike the polymers prepared in the absence of the LC-phase. The sensitivity of the LC-MIP in a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM sensor platform was 67.6 ± 4.9 Hz/mM under flow injection analysis (FIA conditions, which was ≈250% higher than for the sensor prepared using the aqueous medium. Detection was possible at 100 nM (30 ng/mL, and discrimination of bupivacaine from closely related structural analogs was readily achieved as reflected in the corresponding stability constants of the MIP-analyte complexes. The facile fabrication and significant enhancement in sensor sensitivity together highlight the potential of this LC-based imprinting strategy for fabrication of polymeric materials with hierarchical architectures, in particular for use in surface-dependent application areas, e.g., biomaterials or sensing.

  18. Mesoporous ZnO-NiO architectures for use in a high-performance nonenzymatic glucose sensor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesoporous ZnO-NiO architectures were prepared by thermal annealing of zinc-nickel hydroxycarbonate composites. The resulting architectures are shown to be assembled by many mesoporous nanosheets, and this results in a large surface area and a strong synergy between the ZnO and NiO nanoparticles. The material obtained by annealing at 400 °C was used as an electrode that responds to glucose over a wide concentration range (from 0.5 ?M to 6.4 mM), with a detection limit as low as 0.5 ?M, fast response time (<3 s), and good sensitivity (120.5 ?A?·?mM?1?·?cm?2). (author)

  19. Services oriented architecture (SOA)-based persistent ISR simulation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Genshe; Blasch, Erik; Shen, Dan; Chen, Huimin; Pham, Khanh

    2010-04-01

    In the modern networked battlefield, network centric warfare (NCW) scenarios need to interoperate between shared resources and data assets such as sensors, UAVs, satellites, ground vehicles, and command and control (C2/C4I) systems. By linking and fusing platform routing information, sensor exploitation results, and databases (e.g. Geospatial Information Systems [GIS]), the shared situation awareness and mission effectiveness will be improved. Within the information fusion community, various research efforts are looking at open standard approaches to composing the heterogeneous network components under one framework for future modeling and simulation applications. By utilizing the open source services oriented architecture (SOA) based sensor web services, and GIS visualization services, we propose a framework that ensures the fast prototyping of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) system simulations to determine an asset mix for a desired mission effectiveness, performance modeling for sensor management and prediction, and user testing of various scenarios.

  20. Adaptation of Web services to the context based on workflow: Approach for self-adaptation of service-oriented architectures to the context

    OpenAIRE

    Faical Felhi; Jalel Akaichi

    2012-01-01

    The emergence of Web services in the information space, as well as the advanced technology of SOA, give tremendous opportunities for users in an ambient space or distant, empowerment and organizations in various fields application, such as geolocation, E-learning, healthcare, digital government, etc.. In fact, Web services are a solution for the integration of distributed information systems, autonomous, heterogeneous and self-adaptable to the context. However, as Web servic...

  1. Tuning SnO2 architectures with unitary or composite microstructure for the application of gas sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Fuchao; Guo, Zhiguang

    2016-01-15

    Different SnO2 architectures with unitary or binary structure were successfully assembled utilizing the assistance of Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP). The microstructure, surface topography, specific surface area and gas sensing property were investigated with X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and WS-60A gas sensing apparatus, respectively. The sensing amplitude, selectivity, response time and recovery time were carefully studied. The possible mechanism of crystallization and gas sensing behavior were also discussed. The present study could be potentially applied to the ethanol or acetone detection and referenced by other researchers and engineers. PMID:26454183

  2. Evolution of System Architectures: Where Do We Need to Fail Next?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermudez, Luis; Alameh, Nadine; Percivall, George

    2013-04-01

    Innovation requires testing and failing. Thomas Edison was right when he said "I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work". For innovation and improvement of standards to happen, service Architectures have to be tested and tested. Within the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), testing of service architectures has occurred for the last 15 years. This talk will present an evolution of these service architectures and a possible future path. OGC is a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and for the advancement and development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The OGC Interoperability Program is a series of hands-on, fast paced, engineering initiatives to accelerate the development and acceptance of OGC standards. Each initiative is organized in threads that provide focus under a particular theme. The first testbed, OGC Web Services phase 1, completed in 2003 had four threads: Common Architecture, Web Mapping, Sensor Web and Web Imagery Enablement. The Common Architecture was a cross-thread theme, to ensure that the Web Mapping and Sensor Web experiments built on a base common architecture. The architecture was based on the three main SOA components: Broker, Requestor and Provider. It proposed a general service model defining service interactions and dependencies; categorization of service types; registries to allow discovery and access of services; data models and encodings; and common services (WMS, WFS, WCS). For the latter, there was a clear distinction on the different services: Data Services (e.g. WMS), Application services (e.g. Coordinate transformation) and server-side client applications (e.g. image exploitation). The latest testbed, OGC Web Service phase 9, completed in 2012 had 5 threads: Aviation, Cross-Community Interoperability (CCI), Security and Services Interoperability (SSI), OWS Innovations and Compliance & Interoperability Testing & Evaluation (CITE). Compared to the first testbed, OWS-9 did not have a separate common architecture thread. Instead the emphasis was on brokering information models, securing them and making data available efficiently on mobile devices. The outcome is an architecture based on usability and non-intrusiveness while leveraging mediation of information models from different communities. This talk will use lessons learned from the evolution from OGC Testbed phase 1 to phase 9 to better understand how global and complex infrastructures evolve to support many communities including the Earth System Science Community.

  3. A sensor network architecture for urban traffic state estimation with mixed eulerian/lagrangian sensing based on distributed computing

    KAUST Repository

    Canepa, Edward S.

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a new approach to urban traffic flow sensing using decentralized traffic state estimation. Traffic sensor data is generated both by fixed traffic flow sensor nodes and by probe vehicles equipped with a short range transceiver. The data generated by these sensors is sent to a local coordinator node, that poses the problem of estimating the local state of traffic as a mixed integer linear program (MILP). The resulting optimization program is then solved by the nodes in a distributed manner, using branch-and-bound methods. An optimal amount of noise is then added to the maps before dissemination to a central database. Unlike existing probe-based traffic monitoring systems, this system does not transmit user generated location tracks nor any user presence information to a centralized server, effectively preventing privacy attacks. A simulation of the system performance on computer-generated traffic data shows that the system can be implemented with currently available technology. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

  4. Architecture and Protocol of a Semantic System Designed for Video Tagging with Sensor Data in Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Suarez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Current mobile phones come with several sensors and powerful video cameras. These video cameras can be used to capture good quality scenes, which can be complemented with the information gathered by the sensors also embedded in the phones. For example, the surroundings of a beach recorded by the camera of the mobile phone, jointly with the temperature of the site can let users know via the Internet if the weather is nice enough to swim. In this paper, we present a system that tags the video frames of the video recorded from mobile phones with the data collected by the embedded sensors. The tagged video is uploaded to a video server, which is placed on the Internet and is accessible by any user. The proposed system uses a semantic approach with the stored information in order to make easy and efficient video searches. Our experimental results show that it is possible to tag video frames in real time and send the tagged video to the server with very low packet delay variations. As far as we know there is not any other application developed as the one presented in this paper.

  5. Life Under Your Feet: An End-to-End Soil Ecology Sensor Network, Database, Web Server, and Analysis Service

    OpenAIRE

    Szlavecz, Katalin; Terzis, Andreas; Ozer, Stuart; Musaloiu-E, Razvan; Cogan, Joshua; Small, Sam; Burns, Randal; Gray, Jim; Szalay, Alex

    2007-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks can revolutionize soil ecology by providing measurements at temporal and spatial granularities previously impossible. This paper presents a soil monitoring system we developed and deployed at an urban forest in Baltimore as a first step towards realizing this vision. Motes in this network measure and save soil moisture and temperature in situ every minute. Raw measurements are periodically retrieved by a sensor gateway and stored in a central database where calibrated...

  6. Ajax Architecture Implementation Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussaini, Syed Asadullah; Tabassum, S. Nasira; Baig, Tabassum, M. Khader

    2012-03-01

    Today's rich Web applications use a mix of Java Script and asynchronous communication with the application server. This mechanism is also known as Ajax: Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. The intent of Ajax is to exchange small pieces of data between the browser and the application server, and in doing so, use partial page refresh instead of reloading the entire Web page. AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a powerful Web development model for browser-based Web applications. Technologies that form the AJAX model, such as XML, JavaScript, HTTP, and XHTML, are individually widely used and well known. However, AJAX combines these technologies to let Web pages retrieve small amounts of data from the server without having to reload the entire page. This capability makes Web pages more interactive and lets them behave like local applications. Web 2.0 enabled by the Ajax architecture has given rise to a new level of user interactivity through web browsers. Many new and extremely popular Web applications have been introduced such as Google Maps, Google Docs, Flickr, and so on. Ajax Toolkits such as Dojo allow web developers to build Web 2.0 applications quickly and with little effort.

  7. A universal approach to electrically connecting nanowire arrays using nanoparticles-application to a novel gas sensor architecture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a novel, in situ approach toward connecting and electrically contacting vertically aligned nanowire arrays using conductive nanoparticles. The utility of the approach is demonstrated by development of a gas sensing device employing this nano-architecture. Well-aligned, single-crystalline zinc oxide nanowires were grown through a direct thermal evaporation process at 550 deg. C on gold catalyst layers. Electrical contact to the top of the nanowire array was established by creating a contiguous nanoparticle film through electrostatic attachment of conductive gold nanoparticles exclusively onto the tips of nanowires. A gas sensing device was constructed using such an arrangement and the nanowire assembly was found to be sensitive to both reducing (methanol) and oxidizing (nitrous oxides) gases. This assembly approach is amenable to any nanowire array for which a top contact electrode is needed

  8. IoT – Internet of Things Architecture for Context Aware Sensors Data Processing in Waste Management Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Toma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things (IoT refers interconnectivity of different devices and its increasing reasons aim Cloud Computing Services development, interconnectivity among personal smart devices and other devices, and significant development of the applications operate with this kind of connections and data provided by such connections. The biggest role is played by the devices with measuring capabilities helping the understanding of the world around by humans analyzing data generated in new points by these instruments. Data are securely stored and processes to be a viable source for real-time decisions. The paper provides an overview of this new data acquisitions paradigm together with short presentations of the communication protocols can be implemented in IoT infrastructure. Also, a possible solution architecture is provided for waste management.

  9. Architecture for Accessing Heterogeneous Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Kamir Yusof

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the architecture for accessing heterogeneous databases. Two major processes in this architecture which are extracting SQL statement and ontology. The algorithms for extracting SQL statement was created and tested in order to improve time performance during searching and retrieving process. Ontology approach was implemented and combined with these algorithms. In ontology approach, web semantic was implemented in order to retrieve only relevant data from database. A prototype based on this architecture was developed using JAVA technology. JAVA technology was chosen because this technology have Jena library. This library is provide API and support SPARQL. Several experiments have been executed and tested. The result indicates this architecture able to improve web query processing in term of time. The result also indicates this architecture able to retrieve and displayed more relevant data to web users.

  10. Web Portal for Multicast Delivery Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mannaert, H.; De Gruyter, B.; Adriaenssens, P.

    2003-01-01

    Presents a Web portal for multicast communication management, which provides fully automatic service management with integrated provisioning of hardware equipment. Describes the software architecture, the implementation, and the application usage of the Web portal for multicast delivery. (Author/AEF)

  11. An Architecture of ULP Energy Harvesting Power Conditioning Circuit Using Piezoelectric Transducer for Wireless Sensor Network: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.M. Motiur Rahaman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy harvesting system converts ambient energy (examples: vibration, light, temperature and wind, etc. into useable electrical energy. This system can replace the function of battery for small Ultra-Low-Power (ULP electronic devices. The slag of batteries is harmful to the environment as well as hazardous to human health. Recent research trends in energy harvesting systems are extracting maximum energy from wind energy using piezoelectric cantilever. This study presents the development of a Power Conditioning Circuit (PCC for maximum harvested energy by using piezoelectric transducers. To achieve this, a self-PCC consisting of voltage doubler, charge pump, DC-DC converter and bypass path was designed. The output from the piezoelectric transducer is an AC voltage. To rectify the piezoelectric output, the voltage doubler was performed. Initially, the capacitor was charged via a bypass path. Once, the storage charge of the capacitor is sufficient to run the Microcontroller unit, this unit will stop the bypass path and on the active path. A low power Microcontroller was used for coding Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT algorithm. The system modeling, design and analysis of the proposed PCC energy harvesting was simulated in active components using PSPICE software and later on the MPPT algorithm was coded in MATLAB. Then the PSPICE simulation and MPPT code was integrated for evaluating the system performance. Finally, a self-powered and fully autonomous energy harvesting power conditioning circuit layout was designed in 0.13 ?m CMOS technology under Mentor Graphics. This PCC will ensure sufficient power to drive electronic devices such as Wireless Sensor Network (WSN, hearing aid, electronic watchand calculator, etc. This battery less ULP energy harvester capable to harvest maximum 24 mW power with an expected efficiency of 90% and output voltage of 3 V from low ambient sources of 500 mV at start up. Also, this ULP energy harvesting system reducing power consumption as compared to the conventional approaches.

  12. How to Improve Artificial Intelligence through Web

    OpenAIRE

    Adrian LUPASC

    2005-01-01

    Intelligent agents, intelligent software applications and artificial intelligent applications from artificial intelligence service providers maymake their way onto the Web in greater number as adaptive software, dynamic programming languages and Learning Algorithms are introduced intoWeb Services. The evolution of Web architecture may allow intelligent applications to run directly on the Web by introducing XML, RDF and logiclayer. The Intelligent Wireless Web’s significant potential for rapid...

  13. An integration platform for heterogeneous sensor systems in GITEWS - Tsunami Service Bus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, J.; Häner, R.; Herrnkind, S.; Kloth, A.; Kriegel, U.; Schwarting, H.; Wächter, J.

    2010-06-01

    The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) is built upon a complex sensor data infrastructure. To best fulfill the demand for a long living system, the underlying software and hardware architecture of GITEWS must be prepared for future modifications both of single sensors and entire sensors systems. The foundation for a flexible integration and for stable interfaces is a result of following the paradigm of a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). The Tsunami Service Bus (TSB) - our integration platform in GITEWS - realizes this SOA approach by implementing the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards and services. This paper focuses on architectural and implementation aspects of the TSB. Initially, the general architectural approach in GITEWS by SOA and SWE is presented. Based on this conception, the concrete system architecture of GITEWS is introduced. The sensor integration platform TSB is then discussed in detail, following by its primary responsibilities and components. Special emphasis is laid on architectural transparency, comprehensible design decisions, and references to the applied technology.

  14. Building a flexible web caching system.

    OpenAIRE

    Sosa Sosa, Víctor Jesús; González Serna, Juan Gabriel; Navarro Moldes, Leandro

    2003-01-01

    Web caching is a technology that has demonstrated to improve traffic on the Internet. To find out how to implement a Web caching architecture that assures improvements is not an easy task. The problem is more difficult when we are interested in deploying a distributed and cooperative Web caching system. We have found that some cooperative Web caching architectures could be unviable when changes on the network environment appear. This situation suggests that a cooperati...

  15. Organization capable intelligent sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matson, Eric; Bhatnagar, Raj

    2007-04-01

    Sensors are used to monitor and interpret many different environments and phenomena. The capability of a sensor array or network is constrained first by the sensors included and secondly by how the sensors are allowed to communicate and cooperatively work together. In this paper, we show how the combination of sensors, with embedded intelligent capability, and multiagent organization systems are integrated to create a highly adaptive, scalable and viable architecture to interpret task domains, typically monitored by a lower-functioning sensor network.

  16. Born semantic: linking data from sensors to users and balancing hardware limitations with data standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buck, Justin; Leadbetter, Adam

    2015-04-01

    New users for the growing volume of ocean data for purposes such as 'big data' data products and operational data assimilation/ingestion require data to be readily ingestible. This can be achieved via the application of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Linked Data and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards to data management. As part of several Horizons 2020 European projects (SenseOCEAN, ODIP, AtlantOS) the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) are working on combining existing data centre architecture and SWE software such as Sensor Observation Services with a Linked Data front end. The standards to enable data delivery are proven and well documented1,2 There are practical difficulties when SWE standards are applied to real time data because of internal hardware bandwidth restrictions and a requirement to constrain data transmission costs. A pragmatic approach is proposed where sensor metadata and data output in OGC standards are implemented "shore-side" with sensors and instruments transmitting unique resolvable web linkages to persistent OGC SensorML records published at the BODC. References: 1. World Wide Web Consortium. (2013). Linked Data. Available: http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb/data. Last accessed 8th October 2014. 2. Open Geospatial Consortium. (2014). Sensor Web Enablement (SWE). Available: http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc/markets-technologies/swe. Last accessed 8th October 2014.

  17. Conservation of Architectural Heritage

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero, mario Santana; Blake, Bill; Eppich, Rand

    2007-01-01

    Currently, a wide range of digital sensors for capturing our architectural heritage are available. They offer the opportunity to acquire large sets of information in a relatively short time. These sensors include digital photography (photogrammetry-scaled rectified photography), total stations, laser scanners, high-resolution panoramic devices, etc. A lot of effort has been put in the application of these tools in the field of conservation, however a significant gap exists between the informa...

  18. The definitive guide to HTML5 WebSocket

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Vanessa; Moskovits, Peter

    2013-01-01

    The Definitive Guide to HTML5 WebSocket is the ultimate insider's WebSocket resource. This revolutionary new web technology enables you to harness the power of true real-time connectivity and build responsive, modern web applications.   This book contains everything web developers and architects need to know about WebSocket. It discusses how WebSocket-based architectures provide a dramatic reduction in unnecessary network overhead and latency compared to older HTTP (Ajax) architectures, how to layer widely used protocols such as XMPP and STOMP on top of WebSocket, and how to secure WebSocket c

  19. Composite Design Pattern for Feature Oriented Service Injection and Composition of Web Services for Distributed Computing Systems with Service Oriented Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Vishnuvardhan Mannava; T. Ramesh

    2012-01-01

    With the advent of newly introduced programming models like Feature-Oriented Programming (FOP), we feel that it will be more flexible to include the new service invocation function into the service providing server as a Feature Module for the self-adaptive distributed systems. A composite design patterns shows a synergy that makes the composition more than just the sum of its parts which leads to ready-made software architectures. In this paper we describe the amalgamation o...

  20. Use of ebRIM-based CSW with sensor observation services for registry and discovery of remote-sensing observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Nengcheng; Di, Liping; Yu, Genong; Gong, Jianya; Wei, Yaxing

    2009-02-01

    Recent advances in Sensor Web geospatial data capture, such as high-resolution in satellite imagery and Web-ready data processing and modeling technologies, have led to the generation of large numbers of datasets from real-time or near real-time observations and measurements. Finding which sensor or data complies with criteria such as specific times, locations, and scales has become a bottleneck for Sensor Web-based applications, especially remote-sensing observations. In this paper, an architecture for use of the integration Sensor Observation Service (SOS) with the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Catalogue Service-Web profile (CSW) is put forward. The architecture consists of a distributed geospatial sensor observation service, a geospatial catalogue service based on the ebXML Registry Information Model (ebRIM), SOS search and registry middleware, and a geospatial sensor portal. The SOS search and registry middleware finds the potential SOS, generating data granule information and inserting the records into CSW. The contents and sequence of the services, the available observations, and the metadata of the observations registry are described. A prototype system is designed and implemented using the service middleware technology and a standard interface and protocol. The feasibility and the response time of registry and retrieval of observations are evaluated using a realistic Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) SOS scenario. Extracting information from SOS requires the same execution time as record generation for CSW. The average data retrieval response time in SOS+CSW mode is 17.6% of that of the SOS-alone mode. The proposed architecture has the more advantages of SOS search and observation data retrieval than the existing sensor Web enabled systems.

  1. Architectural prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob Eyvind; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2004-01-01

    A major part of software architecture design is learning how specific architectural designs balance the concerns of stakeholders. We explore the notion of "architectural prototypes", correspondingly architectural prototyping, as a means of using executable prototypes to investigate stakeholders' concerns with respect to a system under development. An architectural prototype is primarily a learning and communication vehicle used to explore and experiment with alternative architectural styles, fea...

  2. An Intelligent SQL Tutor on the Web

    OpenAIRE

    Mitrovic, Antonija

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents SQLT-Web, a Web-enabled intelligent tutoring system for the SQL database language. SQLT-Web is a Web-enabled version of an earlier, standalone ITS. In this paper we describe how the components of the standalone system were reused to develop the Web-enabled system. The system observes students' actions and adapts to their knowledge and learning abilities. We describe the system's architecture in comparison to the architectures of other existing Web-enabled tutors. All tutori...

  3. Arquitectura de sitios Web de bibliotecas universitarias: el sistema de bibliotecas de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina / Architecture of university libraries websites: the library system of Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    , Corda; Mariela, Viñas.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo descriptivo exploratorio se propone analizar la arquitectura de información (AI) de sitios Web de bibliotecas de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Argentina. Se analizaron 17 bibliotecas y se aplicó una grilla para recabar 10 aspectos relevantes. Los resultados fueron: 1. Ubic [...] ación del sitio Web de la biblioteca: 9 sitios incluidos en la página principal de la facultad. 2. Etiquetado de contenidos: terminología simple, sin jergas; no hay homogeneidad entre las bibliotecas. 3. Capacidad de búsqueda: 62% positiva, 38% negativa. 4. Sistema de búsqueda: simple 43%, compleja 10%, con ayudas 10%, ninguno 38%. 5. Sistemas de navegación: globales 5%, jerárquicos 79%, locales 5%, ninguno 11%. 6. Herramientas de navegación: barras 16%, frames o marcos 30%, índices 2%, mapas de sitio 7%, menús horizontales 9%, menús verticales 35%. 7. Sindicación de contenidos RSS: 3 sitios. 8. Otros servicios: chat 7%, descarga de documentos 16%, envío de formularios 14%, instructivos 21%, links a otras páginas 23%, tutoriales 5%, otros 14%. 9. Accesibilidad Web: 1 sitio. 10. Otras observaciones: ninguna. Se concluye que el desarrollo de los sitios es dispar y se recomienda considerar pautas de AI como parte de la cooperación en la red de bibliotecas de la UNLP Abstract in english The purpose of this descriptive and exploratory work is to analyze the information architecture (IA) of Web sites from libraries of Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Argentina. The sample includes 17 libraries and a grid was applied to gather 10 relevant issues. The results were: 1. Location [...] of the library Website: 9 websites included in the main page of the school. 2) Content labelling: simple terminology, without jargón; there is no homogeneity between the libraries. 3. Search capability: 62% positive, 38% negative. 4. Search system: simple 43%, complex 10%, with help 10%, none 38%. 5. Navigation systems: global 5%, hierarchical 79%, local 5%, none 11%. Navigation tools: bars 16%, frames 30%, indexes 2%, sitemaps 7%, horizontal menus 9%, vertical menus 35%. 7. RSS: 3 websites. 8. Other services: chat 7%, document downloads 16%, form submission 14%, instructions 21%, links to other pages 23%, tutorials 5%, other 14%. 9. Web accessibility: 1 website. 10. Other observations: none. We conclude that the website development is not equal between the libraries, and it is recommended to consider some IA guidelines as part of the cooperation within the UNLP library network

  4. Policies for Web Services

    OpenAIRE

    Heinzl, Steffen

    2009-01-01

    Web services are predominantly used to implement service-oriented architectures (SOA). However, there are several areas such as temporal dimensions, real-time, streaming, or efficient and flexible file transfers where web service functionality should be extended. These extensions can, for example, be achieved by using policies. Since there are often alternative solutions to provide functionality (e.g., different protocols can be u...

  5. Applying Web Usage Mining for Personalizing Hyperlinks in Web-Based Adaptive Educational Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Cristobal; Ventura, Sebastian; Zafra, Amelia; de Bra, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, the application of Web mining techniques in e-learning and Web-based adaptive educational systems is increasing exponentially. In this paper, we propose an advanced architecture for a personalization system to facilitate Web mining. A specific Web mining tool is developed and a recommender engine is integrated into the AHA! system in…

  6. Effective Web Design and Core Communication Issues: The Missing Components in Web-Based Distance Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burch, Randall O.

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of Web-based distance education focuses on communication issues. Highlights include Internet communications; components of a Web site, including site architecture, user interface, information delivery method, and mode of feedback; elements of Web design, including conceptual design, sensory design, and reactive design; and a Web…

  7. Architectural slicing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    Architectural prototyping is a widely used practice, con- cerned with taking architectural decisions through experiments with light- weight implementations. However, many architectural decisions are only taken when systems are already (partially) implemented. This is prob- lematic in the context of...... architectural prototyping since experiments with full systems are complex and expensive and thus architectural learn- ing is hindered. In this paper, we propose a novel technique for harvest- ing architectural prototypes from existing systems, \\architectural slic- ing", based on dynamic program slicing. Given a...... system and a slicing criterion, architectural slicing produces an architectural prototype that contain the elements in the architecture that are dependent on the ele- ments in the slicing criterion. Furthermore, we present an initial design and implementation of an architectural slicer for Java....

  8. Principles and Model for Web Dataspace

    OpenAIRE

    Zhengtao Liu; Jiandong Wang

    2013-01-01

    Web information integrated management system requires a powerful and versatile data model that is able to represent a highly heterogeneous mix of data such as web pages, XML, deep web, files, etc. It requires access to both structured and unstructured data. Such collections of data have been referred to as dataspace. In order to build a web dataspace support platform, we described some principles. According to these principles, we design architecture for the web dataspace support platform. Ba...

  9. GOOSE: semantic search on internet connected sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutte, Klamer; Bomhof, Freek; Burghouts, Gertjan; van Diggelen, Jurriaan; Hiemstra, Peter; van't Hof, Jaap; Kraaij, Wessel; Pasman, Huib; Smith, Arthur; Versloot, Corne; de Wit, Joost

    2013-05-01

    More and more sensors are getting Internet connected. Examples are cameras on cell phones, CCTV cameras for traffic control as well as dedicated security and defense sensor systems. Due to the steadily increasing data volume, human exploitation of all this sensor data is impossible for effective mission execution. Smart access to all sensor data acts as enabler for questions such as "Is there a person behind this building" or "Alert me when a vehicle approaches". The GOOSE concept has the ambition to provide the capability to search semantically for any relevant information within "all" (including imaging) sensor streams in the entire Internet of sensors. This is similar to the capability provided by presently available Internet search engines which enable the retrieval of information on "all" web pages on the Internet. In line with current Internet search engines any indexing services shall be utilized cross-domain. The two main challenge for GOOSE is the Semantic Gap and Scalability. The GOOSE architecture consists of five elements: (1) an online extraction of primitives on each sensor stream; (2) an indexing and search mechanism for these primitives; (3) a ontology based semantic matching module; (4) a top-down hypothesis verification mechanism and (5) a controlling man-machine interface. This paper reports on the initial GOOSE demonstrator, which consists of the MES multimedia analysis platform and the CORTEX action recognition module. It also provides an outlook into future GOOSE development.

  10. SEnviro: A Sensorized Platform Proposal Using Open Hardware and Open Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trilles, Sergio; Luján, Alejandro; Belmonte, Óscar; Montoliu, Raúl; Torres-Sospedra, Joaquín; Huerta, Joaquín

    2015-01-01

    The need for constant monitoring of environmental conditions has produced an increase in the development of wireless sensor networks (WSN). The drive towards smart cities has produced the need for smart sensors to be able to monitor what is happening in our cities. This, combined with the decrease in hardware component prices and the increase in the popularity of open hardware, has favored the deployment of sensor networks based on open hardware. The new trends in Internet Protocol (IP) communication between sensor nodes allow sensor access via the Internet, turning them into smart objects (Internet of Things and Web of Things). Currently, WSNs provide data in different formats. There is a lack of communication protocol standardization, which turns into interoperability issues when connecting different sensor networks or even when connecting different sensor nodes within the same network. This work presents a sensorized platform proposal that adheres to the principles of the Internet of Things and the Web of Things. Wireless sensor nodes were built using open hardware solutions, and communications rely on the HTTP/IP Internet protocols. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) SensorThings API candidate standard was used as a neutral format to avoid interoperability issues. An environmental WSN developed following the proposed architecture was built as a proof of concept. Details on how to build each node and a study regarding energy concerns are presented. PMID:25756864

  11. SEnviro: A Sensorized Platform Proposal Using Open Hardware and Open Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Trilles

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The need for constant monitoring of environmental conditions has produced an increase in the development of wireless sensor networks (WSN. The drive towards smart cities has produced the need for smart sensors to be able to monitor what is happening in our cities. This, combined with the decrease in hardware component prices and the increase in the popularity of open hardware, has favored the deployment of sensor networks based on open hardware. The new trends in Internet Protocol (IP communication between sensor nodes allow sensor access via the Internet, turning them into smart objects (Internet of Things and Web of Things. Currently, WSNs provide data in different formats. There is a lack of communication protocol standardization, which turns into interoperability issues when connecting different sensor networks or even when connecting different sensor nodes within the same network. This work presents a sensorized platform proposal that adheres to the principles of the Internet of Things and theWeb of Things. Wireless sensor nodes were built using open hardware solutions, and communications rely on the HTTP/IP Internet protocols. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC SensorThings API candidate standard was used as a neutral format to avoid interoperability issues. An environmental WSN developed following the proposed architecture was built as a proof of concept. Details on how to build each node and a study regarding energy concerns are presented.

  12. SEnviro: a sensorized platform proposal using open hardware and open standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trilles, Sergio; Luján, Alejandro; Belmonte, Óscar; Montoliu, Raúl; Torres-Sospedra, Joaquín; Huerta, Joaquín

    2015-01-01

    The need for constant monitoring of environmental conditions has produced an increase in the development of wireless sensor networks (WSN). The drive towards smart cities has produced the need for smart sensors to be able to monitor what is happening in our cities. This, combined with the decrease in hardware component prices and the increase in the popularity of open hardware, has favored the deployment of sensor networks based on open hardware. The new trends in Internet Protocol (IP) communication between sensor nodes allow sensor access via the Internet, turning them into smart objects (Internet of Things and Web of Things). Currently, WSNs provide data in different formats. There is a lack of communication protocol standardization, which turns into interoperability issues when connecting different sensor networks or even when connecting different sensor nodes within the same network. This work presents a sensorized platform proposal that adheres to the principles of the Internet of Things and theWeb of Things. Wireless sensor nodes were built using open hardware solutions, and communications rely on the HTTP/IP Internet protocols. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) SensorThings API candidate standard was used as a neutral format to avoid interoperability issues. An environmental WSN developed following the proposed architecture was built as a proof of concept. Details on how to build each node and a study regarding energy concerns are presented. PMID:25756864

  13. Architectural prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob Eyvind; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    A major part of software architecture design is learning how specific architectural designs balance the concerns of stakeholders. We explore the notion of "architectural prototypes", correspondingly architectural prototyping, as a means of using executable prototypes to investigate stakeholders......' concerns with respect to a system under development. An architectural prototype is primarily a learning and communication vehicle used to explore and experiment with alternative architectural styles, features, and patterns in order to balance different architectural qualities. The use of architectural...... prototypes in the development process is discussed, and we argue that such prototypes can play a role throughout the entire process. The use of architectural prototypes is illustrated by three distinct cases of creating software systems. We argue that architectural prototyping can provide key insights that...

  14. Architectural Prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    A major part of software architecture design is learning how specific architectural designs balance the concerns of stakeholders. We explore the notion of "architectural prototypes", correspondingly architectural prototyping, as a means of using executable prototypes to investigate stakeholders......' concerns with respect to a system under development. An architectural prototype is primarily a learning and communication vehicle used to explore and experiment with alternative architectural styles, features, and patterns in order to balance different architectural qualities. The use of architectural...... prototypes in the development process is discussed, and we argue that such prototypes can play a role throughout the entire process. The use of architectural prototypes is illustrated by three distinct cases of creating software systems. We argue that architectural prototyping can provide key insights that...

  15. Robotic architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Mbali Mtshali; Andries Engelbrecht

    2010-01-01

    In the development of mobile robotic systems, a robotic architecture plays a crucial role in interconnecting all the sub-systems and controlling the system. The design of robotic architectures for mobile autonomous robots is a challenging and complex task. With a number of existing architectures and tools to choose from, a review of the existing robotic architecture is essential. This paper surveys the different paradigms in robotic architectures. A classification of the existing robotic arch...

  16. Catalyst Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans; Marling, Gitte

    2015-01-01

    ’Catalyst Architecture’ takes its point of departure in a broadened understanding of the role of architecture in relation to developmental problems in large cities. Architectural projects frame particular functions and via their form language, they can provide the user with an aesthetic experience. The broadened understanding of architecture consists in that an architectural project, by virtue of its placement in the context and of its composition of programs, can have a mediating role in a posi...

  17. Robot Electronics Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Michael; Magnone, Lee; Aghazarian, Hrand; Baumgartner, Eric; Kennedy, Brett

    2008-01-01

    An electronics architecture has been developed to enable the rapid construction and testing of prototypes of robotic systems. This architecture is designed to be a research vehicle of great stability, reliability, and versatility. A system according to this architecture can easily be reconfigured (including expanded or contracted) to satisfy a variety of needs with respect to input, output, processing of data, sensing, actuation, and power. The architecture affords a variety of expandable input/output options that enable ready integration of instruments, actuators, sensors, and other devices as independent modular units. The separation of different electrical functions onto independent circuit boards facilitates the development of corresponding simple and modular software interfaces. As a result, both hardware and software can be made to expand or contract in modular fashion while expending a minimum of time and effort.

  18. Analyzing Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M.-Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    Web services should be dependable, because businesses rely on them. For that purpose the Service Oriented Architecture has standardized specifications at a syntactical level. In this paper, we demonstrate how such specifications are used to derive semantic models in the form of (timed) automata...

  19. 77 FR 35962 - Utilizing Rapidly Deployable Aerial Communications Architecture in Response to an Emergency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ...Deployable Aerial Communications Architecture in Response to an Emergency...deployable aerial communications architecture (DACA) in facilitating emergency...available on the Commission's Web site at http://transition...the communication service architecture and various DACA...

  20. 76 FR 36954 - ITS Joint Program Office; Core System Requirements Walkthrough and Architecture Proposal Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ...Core System Requirements and Architecture Proposal. The first meeting...Requirements Specification and Architecture Proposal. The second meeting...Requirements Specification and Architecture Proposal and will take place...JPO, visit the program's Web site at...