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Seminal plasma metals concentration with respect to semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the current study was to assess relationships between multiple metals burden in human seminal plasma and semen quality parameters. Levels of five metals (lead, manganese, copper, arsenic, and selenium) in human seminal plasma were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and the correlations between the metal concentrations and semen parameters (sperm concentration, sperm motility rate, and sperm morphology) were analyzed. The activities of acid phosphatase (ACP) and of ?-glucosidase in human seminal plasma were also determined. Of the 100 subjects, 21 had fertility problems according to the World Health Organization criteria and were designated as "abnormal group." Significant inverse correlations were found between the concentrations of Cu, As, Pb, and the sperm concentrations (r (Cu)?=?-0.312, P (Cu)?= 0.029; r (As)?=?-0.328, P (As)?= 0.021; r (Pb)?=?-0.377, P (Pb)?= 0.008). Moreover, the Cu, Mn, and Se concentrations were significantly higher in the abnormal group than that in the normal group (P (Cu)?= 0.024, P (Mn)?= 0.002, P (Se)?= 0.002). The ACP activity was significantly higher in the normal group than that in the abnormal group (P = 0.021). We also found a significantly negative correlation between ?-glucosidase activity and the levels of As (r =?-0.367, P = 0.023). These findings provide evidence for relationships between human semen quality and metal exposures. These relationships are consistent with animal data, but additional human and mechanistic studies are needed. PMID:22322880

Li, Ping; Zhong, Yuanfu; Jiang, Xiaoming; Wang, Chonggang; Zuo, Zhenghong; Sha, Aiguo

2012-07-01

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Efecto del plasma seminal sobre el estado redox del semen equino criopreservado / Effect of seminal plasma on the redox state of cryopreserved stallion semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Determinar el efecto del plasma seminal sobre la generación de especies reactivas de oxígeno (ERO) y la peroxidación lipídica de semen equino criopreservado y su asociación con parámetros de calidad seminal. Materiales y métodos. El semen de cinco caballos de la raza criollo colombiano (do [...] s eyaculados cada uno), fue criopreservado mediante un protocolo de congelación rápida, empleando un diluyente leche-yema de huevo, suplementado con 0%, 10% y 20% de plasma seminal equino. En muestras de semen fresco y criopreservado se evaluó la generación de ERO y la peroxidación lipídica por espectrofluorimetría, y los parámetros de calidad seminal de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad e integridad de membrana, mediante microscopia de contraste de fase. Para el análisis estadístico se ajustaron modelos mixtos y se realizaron análisis de regresión y correlación. Resultados. Se hallaron promedios post-descongelación de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad e integridad de membrana de 37.8%±20.2, 50.6% ± 14.6 y 37.8% ± 15.5, respectivamente. Para el semen fresco y criopreservado suplementado con 0%, 10% y 20% de plasma seminal, los promedios de producción de ERO (URF) fueron de 13.34±10.7, 16.15 ± 13.5, 17.32 ± 16 y 22.98 ± 19.4, respectivamente; mostrando un incremento estadísticamente significativo (p?0.05) en la producción de ERO por efecto de la criopreservación y la suplementación con plasma seminal. Los promedios de peroxidación lipídica (nmolMDA/ml) para estos mismos tratamientos, fueron de 0.41 ± 0.25, 0.72±0.37, 0.51 ± 0.29 y 0.47±0.26, respectivamente; mostrando una reducción significativa (p?0.05) de la peroxidación lipídica del semen suplementado con 10% y 20% de plasma seminal, respecto al semen no suplementado (0%). Conclusiones. El plasma seminal reduce la peroxidación lipídica del semen equino criopreservado. Abstract in english Objective. Determine the effect of seminal plasma on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation of cryopreserved stallion semen, and its association with semen quality parameters. Materials and methods. The semen of five stallions of Colombian creole breed (two ejaculates [...] each) was cryopreserved by a rapid freezing protocol, using a milk-egg yolk extender supplemented with 0%, 10% and 20% of equine seminal plasma. The samples of fresh and cryopreserved semen were evaluated for ROS generation and lipid peroxidation by spectrofluorimetry, and semen quality parameters of progressive motility, vitality and membrane integrity using phase contrast microscopy. Mixed models were adjusted for statistical, regression, and correlation analysis. Results. Post-thaw averages of progressive motility, vitality and integrity of membrane of 37.8% ± 20.2, 50.6% ± 14.6 and 37.8 ± 15.5%, respectively were found. For fresh and cryopreserved semen supplemented with 0%, 10% and 20% of seminal plasma, the averages of ROS production (RFU) were 13.34 ± 10.7, 16.15 ± 13.5, 17.32 ± 16 and 22.98 ± 19.4, respectively; showing a statistically significant increase (p?0.05) of ROS production by effect of cryopreservation and seminal plasma supplementation. The averages of lipid peroxidation (nmolMDA / ml) for these same treatments were 0.41 ± 0.25, 0.72 ± 0.37, 0.51 ± 0.29 and 0.47 ± 0.26, respectively; showing a significant decrease (p?0.05) of lipid peroxidation of semen supplemented with 10% and 20% of seminal plasma compared to unsupplemented semen (0%). Conclusions. Seminal plasma reduces lipid peroxidation of stallion cryopreserved semen.

Edison, Pizarro L; Giovanni, Restrepo B; José, Echeverry Z; Benjamín, Rojano.

2013-12-01

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Effect of Different Extenders and Washing of Seminal Plasma on Buck Semen Storage at 5 C  

OpenAIRE

In this research, we compared the effect of three extenders for buck semen conservation; skimmed Milk (M), sodium Citrate (C) and a Tris-based diluent (T) and the washing of semen (removal of seminal plasma) on the in vitro viability of Murciano-Granadina goat spermatozoa stored at 5 C for 72 h. Motility, acrosome integrity and HOS test were evaluated to assess in vitro sperm viability. Milk diluent provided higher in vitro viability of spermatozoa than semen diluted in T...

Gomez, E. A.; Yaniz, J.; Viudes-de-castro, M. P.; Salvador, I.; Silvestre, M. A.

2007-01-01

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram sperm  

OpenAIRE

Frozen-thawed ram semen crosses the cervix poorly, necessitating laparoscopic insemination. Acceptable fertility can be achieved with frozenthawed ram semen deposited at the external cervical opening if ram seminal plasma is added. Homologous seminal plasma improves the fertility of frozen-thawed sperm of boars and dogs. Heterologous seminal plasma may have effects as well; the addition of bovine seminal plasma increases the ability of buffalo sperm (Syncerus caffer) to fertilize bo...

Mataveia, Gracinda Andre

2008-01-01

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Effect of Different Extenders and Washing of Seminal Plasma on Buck Semen Storage at 5 C  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research, we compared the effect of three extenders for buck semen conservation; skimmed Milk (M, sodium Citrate (C and a Tris-based diluent (T and the washing of semen (removal of seminal plasma on the in vitro viability of Murciano-Granadina goat spermatozoa stored at 5 C for 72 h. Motility, acrosome integrity and HOS test were evaluated to assess in vitro sperm viability. Milk diluent provided higher in vitro viability of spermatozoa than semen diluted in T during storage at 5 C. Motility in semen diluted in citrate and milk extenders was improved when semen was washed previously. In milk extender, membrane integrity (HOST was also improved with the washing of semen. In conclusion, removal of seminal plasma could be necessary for successful chilled conservation of buck semen at 5 C when M or C based diluents is used. Milk media and washing of seminal plasma appears to be a successful method to prolong the viability of Murciano-Granadina goat semen stored at 5 C. The latest results must be confirmed in field assays.

E.A. Gomez

2007-01-01

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Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal en el semen equino descongelado Effect of seminal plasma addition on frozen-thawed equine semen  

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Full Text Available Antecedentes y objetivos: El semen criopreservado ofrece beneficios adicionales no presentes en el semen refrigerado. Sin embargo, varios factores afectan al éxito en la inseminación artificial con semen congelado de caballos. El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar si la adición de plasma seminal a diferentes concentraciones, sobre espermatozoides equinos descongelados, afecta a la motilidad espermática, viabilidad y a nivel de membrana. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron diferentes razas, cuatro sementales de silla, y dos sementales de tiro. En un primer experimento el semen descongelado se centrifugó, mientras en el segundo no se centrifugó. A continuación, se adicionó el plasma seminal al 10, 20, 30% suspendido en solución tampón fosfato y plasma seminal puro (100%. Resultados: En los caballos de silla el plasma seminal no afectó a los parámetros estudiados (p>0,05, pero se apreció un posible efecto tóxico del plasma seminal puro sobre las características espermáticas. En las muestras con plasma seminal de los caballos de tiro, se observaron unos índices mejores en espermatozoides vivos con acrosoma intacto que en las muestras control. Asimismo se obtuvo un porcentaje menor en espermatozoides reaccionados que en las muestras control, encontrando en esta categoría una diferencia significativa (pBackground and objectives: Stallion sperm cryopreservation offers benefits not available in cooled semen. However various factors affect the success of artificial insemination with frozen-thawed equine semen. This study aims to evaluate if adding different concentrations of seminal plasma on frozen-thawed equine spermatozoa affects sperm motility, viability and membrane status. Material and Methods: Different breeds were used; four saddle stallions and two draft stallions. In the first experiment thawed semen was centrifuged and in the second one it was not. Subsequent to that, the spermatozoa resuspended with 10, 20, 30% seminal plasma in phosphate buffered saline and pure seminal plasma (100%. Results: semen parameters of saddle stallions were not affected (p>0,05, but a possible toxic effect of pure seminal plasma was observed on sperm characteristics. Seminal plasma samples in draft breed got better rates in viable sperm with intact acrosome. A lower percentage was also found on spermatozoa with acrosome reaction than in control samples. This category showed signif icant differences (p<0,05. Conclusions: Post-thawing spermatozoa incubation with seminal plasma can stop acrosome reaction, due to the low percentage of spermatozoa suffering true acrosome reaction.

D. Lozano Benito

2011-09-01

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Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal en el semen equino descongelado / Effect of seminal plasma addition on frozen-thawed equine semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes y objetivos: El semen criopreservado ofrece beneficios adicionales no presentes en el semen refrigerado. Sin embargo, varios factores afectan al éxito en la inseminación artificial con semen congelado de caballos. El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar si la adición de plasma seminal a dife [...] rentes concentraciones, sobre espermatozoides equinos descongelados, afecta a la motilidad espermática, viabilidad y a nivel de membrana. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron diferentes razas, cuatro sementales de silla, y dos sementales de tiro. En un primer experimento el semen descongelado se centrifugó, mientras en el segundo no se centrifugó. A continuación, se adicionó el plasma seminal al 10, 20, 30% suspendido en solución tampón fosfato y plasma seminal puro (100%). Resultados: En los caballos de silla el plasma seminal no afectó a los parámetros estudiados (p>0,05), pero se apreció un posible efecto tóxico del plasma seminal puro sobre las características espermáticas. En las muestras con plasma seminal de los caballos de tiro, se observaron unos índices mejores en espermatozoides vivos con acrosoma intacto que en las muestras control. Asimismo se obtuvo un porcentaje menor en espermatozoides reaccionados que en las muestras control, encontrando en esta categoría una diferencia significativa (p Abstract in english Background and objectives: Stallion sperm cryopreservation offers benefits not available in cooled semen. However various factors affect the success of artificial insemination with frozen-thawed equine semen. This study aims to evaluate if adding different concentrations of seminal plasma on frozen- [...] thawed equine spermatozoa affects sperm motility, viability and membrane status. Material and Methods: Different breeds were used; four saddle stallions and two draft stallions. In the first experiment thawed semen was centrifuged and in the second one it was not. Subsequent to that, the spermatozoa resuspended with 10, 20, 30% seminal plasma in phosphate buffered saline and pure seminal plasma (100%). Results: semen parameters of saddle stallions were not affected (p>0,05), but a possible toxic effect of pure seminal plasma was observed on sperm characteristics. Seminal plasma samples in draft breed got better rates in viable sperm with intact acrosome. A lower percentage was also found on spermatozoa with acrosome reaction than in control samples. This category showed signif icant differences (p

D., Lozano Benito; L., Gil Huerta; C., Álvarez San Martín.

2011-09-01

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Study on the relationship between the trace protein contents in semen plasma and male fertility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the relationship between the trace protein contents in semen plasma and male fertility. Methods: The semen plasma concentrations of albumin (Alb), ?2-microglobulin (?2-m), ?2-microglobulin (?2-m), TH glycoprotein (THP), immunoglobulin G (IgG), secreting-type immunoglobulin A (SIgA), and ferritin (Fer) were determined with RIA in 22 fertile and 125 sterile males. Results: With the exception of ferritin, the semen plasma contents of all these trace proteins in the sterile individuals were lower than those in the fertile ones and there were significant differences (p2-m, Alb and Fer were positively correlated to the sperm counts. Contents of SIgA and IgG could reflect the local immune status of the genital tract. Determination of the contents of these trace proteins in semen plasma would be helpful in the evaluation and management of male infertility

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Relationship of zinc concentrations in blood and seminal plasma with various semen parameters in infertile subjects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To find out relationship of zinc concentrations in blood and seminal plasma with various semen parameters between fertile and infertile men. (JPMC), Karachi and Department of Biochemistry. Basic Medical Sciences Institute, JPMC, Karachi. Fifty eight primary infertile male subjects, without any treatment, who had regular unprotected intercourse for at least 12 months without conception with their partners, aged 20-40 years, were selected from Infertility Clinic Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi. After semen analyses they were grouped as, oligospermic (30), and azoospermic (28). Twenty five known fertile male selected from general population and after semen analysis were taken as normospermic control group. Semen analyzed according to WHO criteria. Serum and seminal plasma zinc were estimated by 5Br. PAPS Colorimetric method. This study showed significant difference in serum and seminal zinc levels in normospermic, oligospermic (p<0.05) and azoospermic (p<0.005). Seminal plasma zinc showed a positive correlation with sperm count and negative with sperm motility in normospermic and oligospermic and negative correlation with volume, pH, WBC concentration in all three groups. There was no correlation found with sperm morphology. On the basis of the findings of this study and those of other reports, zinc may contribute to fertility through its significant effects on various semen parameters. It seems that the estimation of seminal plasma zinc may help in investiga seminal plasma zinc may help in investigation and treatment of infertile males. (author)

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Effect of holding of semen and washing of seminal plasma on quality and fertility of Hampshire boar semen preserved at liquid state.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was aimed to reveal the effect on keeping quality of boar semen on holding or not holding at an elevated temperature than that used for preservation when combined with washing or not washing of seminal plasma. Twenty ejaculates, four from each of five Hampshire boars were used to hold for 0 and 4h in GEPS extender at 22°C and subsequently washed (1500×g for 10min) of seminal plasma or left unwashed and preserved at 15°C for 72h after extending with the same extender. The seminal parameters in terms of sperm motility, live spermatozoa, and live spermatozoa with intact acrosome (LIA) were evaluated at 0h-(immediately after extension) and thereafter at 24h intervals. The mean percentage of sperm motility was significantly (P<0.01) higher in unwashed than washed semen at both 0h and 4h of holding irrespective of preservation period. It was significantly (P<0.01) higher in semen held for 4h than 0h irrespective of washing and significantly (P<0.01) lower in washed than in unwashed semen irrespective of holding during preservation. Irrespective of preservation period the mean percentage of live spermatozoa was significantly (P<0.01) higher with 4h than 0h of holding in both unwashed and washed semen and was significantly (P<0.01) higher in unwashed than washed semen at both 0h and 4h of holding. It was significantly (P<0.01) higher for 4h held semen irrespective of washing and was significantly (P<0.01) lower in washed than in unwashed semen irrespective of holding during preservation. The mean percentage of LIA was significantly (P<0.01) higher with 4h than with 0h holding in both unwashed and washed semen and was significantly (P<0.01) higher in unwashed than in washed semen at both 0h and 4h of holding irrespective of preservation period. It was significantly (P<0.01) higher for 4h held as compared to unheld semen irrespective of washing and was significantly (P<0.01) lower in washed than unwashed semen irrespective of holding during preservation. The mean percentage of sperm motility, live spermatozoa and LIA decreased significantly (P<0.01) in 0h and 4h holding irrespective of washing and in unwashed and washed semen irrespective of holding with increase in preservation period. Among all the treatments unwashed semen held for 4h yielded superior sperm quality on preservation. A total of 32 female pigs were inseminated using preserved semen obtained with the best processing technique found in the study. The conception rate, farrowing rate and litter size at birth were recorded to be 81.25%, 78.13% and 7.96 respectively as compared to 73.38%, 67.57% and 6.68 respectively in the control group. It could be concluded that unwashed Hampshire boar semen held for 4h, extended with GEPS and preserved at 15°C for 72h was conducive to obtain optimum fertility and fecundity in females when used for artificial insemination. PMID:24559728

Chutia, T; Biswas, R K; Tamuli, M K; Deka, B C; Sinha, S; Goswami, J; Banik, S; Kayastha, R B

2014-03-01

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Effects of Copper and Superoxide Dismutase Content of Seminal Plasma on Buffalo Semen Characteristics  

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Full Text Available To investigate the effects of copper and superoxide dismutase (SOD content of seminal plasma on buffalo semen characteristics, 54 semen samples collected from buffalo bulls by a bovine artificial vagina were used. Semen characteristics (motility, viability, morphology, concentration and volume were recorded. Seminal plasma was harvested by centrifugation and kept frozen until analysis. Seminal plasma copper content was determined by atomic absorption procedure and SOD was measured by using a kit. The mean total copper value of seminal plasma was recorded as 2.51 ± 0.04 mg kg-1 (Mean ± SEM and the mean total SOD values was 39.02 ± 0.81 IU mL-1. To reduce the range of variability, the data were categorized according to their motility records in 3 groups of Excellent (Ex, >90% motile, n = 33, Good (Go, 80-89% motile, n = 15 and Moderate (Mo, <79% motile, n = 6. The mean motility, viability, copper and SOD values in Ex group was recorded as 92.24 ± 0.51%, 94.00 ± 0.48%, 2.56 ± 0.04 mg kg-1 and 39.52 ± 0.57 IU mL-1, respectively. These values were 81.66 ± 0.62%, 85.26 ± 0.95%, 2.38 ± 0.11 mg kg-1 and 36.48 ± 1.51 IU mL-1 in Go group and 71.66 ± 1.05%, 77.00 ± 2.94%, 2.55 ± 0.10 mg kg-1 and 50.66 ± 2.51 in Mo group, respectively. The mean copper value in Ex group was highly (r = 0.600 correlated with SOD and correlated with sperm motility (r = 0.372 and viability (r = 0.363, while, in Go group it was highly correlated (r = 0.945 with SOD and sperm viability (r = 0.652 and in Mo group it was correlated (r = 0.874 with semen volume only. The mean SOD values in Ex group was highly correlated with sperm motility (r = 0.492 and viability (r = 0.490 and mean copper values, in Go group, it was highly correlated whit sperm viability (r = 0.659 and mean copper values and in Mo group it had no significant correlations with semen parameters. These results suggest that copper and SOD content of the buffalo seminal plasma have an influence on the sperm motility and viability which are the most important factors in semen fertility.

M. Eghbali

2008-01-01

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Primary study on the clinical significance of measurement of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and NPY concentrations in human semen plasma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the difference between the semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY in fertile and non-fertile males with the relevant sperm count and motility. Methods: Semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY were determined with RIA in 110 non-fertile males. Simultaneous semen analysis revealed (1) Group A, n=45, with normal sperm count, (2) Group B, n=34 low sperm count (0-20) x 106/ml and (3) Group C n=31, with aspermia. White blood cell/HPF was examined in all the semen specimens and sperm motile rate and motility were examined in Group A specimens. Results: The semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY in non-fertile males were significantly higher than those in fertile males (P 1 x 106/ml) were significantly lower than those in specimens with more white blood cells (P<0.05). Conclusion: Higher semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY might exert toxic effect on the sperms, contributing to the development of infertility. (authors)

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Effect of seminal plasma and egg yolk concentration on freezability of goat semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of egg yolk and seminal plasma on the viability of cryopreserved goat semen. To this end, four fertile Saanen bucks, aged between 10 months and 1 year, and weighing 18 to 25 kg, were used. Semen was collected from each buck by the artificial va [...] gina method at the end of breeding season (June-July). The extender used was the yolk citrate, which was split into two equal aliquots: 5% egg yolk (2.5 mL egg yolk: 47.5 mL citrate solution) were added to one of the samples and 10% egg yolk (5.0 mL egg yolk: 45.0 mL citrate solution) were added to another. The sperm motility and vigor after thawing and post thermal resistance test (TRT) were evaluated and the data were subjected to analysis of variance and means were compared by the F test at 5.0% probability. The observed values for motility and vigor after thawing and post thermal resistance test (TRT), fast and slow, according to the presence of seminal plasma and egg yolk percentage were: 5% egg yolk with plasma (25.0% and 3.3; 1.60% and 0.7; 12.36% and 1.6, respectively); 5% egg yolk without plasma (23.61% and 3.1; 1.25% and 0.2; 9.93% and 1.3, respectively); 10% egg yolk with plasma (30.8% and 3.3; 4.4% and 1.9; 19.5% and 2.7, respectively); and 10% egg yolk without plasma (13.4% and 2.5; 4.1% and 0.5; 17.0% and 1.0, respectively). There were significant differences between the analyzed data in relation to semen with or without plasma at different percentages of egg yolk, and the group that presented the best results was 10% egg yolk citrate in extender with plasma. The presence of seminal plasma and higher concentration of egg yolk in extender provide a higher viability of cryopreserved goat semen.

Valéria da Silva, Ferreira; Marco Roberto Bourg de, Mello; Carlos Elysio Moreira da, Fonseca; Állan César Ferreira, Dias; Jéssica Machado, Cardoso; Rebecca Barbosa, Silva; Wagner Pereira, Martins Júnior.

2014-10-01

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Relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality in a subfertile population  

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Full Text Available Rationale : Current knowledge on the relationship between seminal zinc levels and different parameters of human semen is inconsistent. Objectives : To assess the relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality using two markers; zinc concentration (Zn-C and total zinc per ejaculate (Zn-T. Design : The study was carried out as a cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods : Semen parameters of 152 healthy men undergoing evaluation for subfertility were assessed. Seminal plasma zinc levels were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Zn-C, expressed as ?g/mL, was multiplied by ejaculated volume to calculate Zn-T. Mann Whitney U test and Chi-square test were used to compare the zinc levels between different seminal groups when appropriate. Correlations were observed with Pearson?s correlation of coefficient. Analysis was carried out using SPSS 10.0 for windows software. Results : Zn-C was low in 23 (15% samples, while in 32 (21% of the samples Zn-T was abnormal. The number of subnormal samples was high in the low-zinc groups compared with the normal-zinc groups, 15 vs. 8 (P > 0.05 for Zn-C and 28 vs. 4 (P < 0.001 for Zn-T. Zn-C was significantly high in the asthenozoospermics compared with the normal motile group; 138.11 ?g/mL (83.92 vs. 110.69 11 ?g/mL (54.59 (P < 0.05. Zn-T was significantly low in samples with hyperviscosity compared with samples with normal viscosity; 220.06 ?g (144.09 vs. 336.34 ?g (236.33 (P < 0.05. Conversely, Zn-T was high in samples with low viability compared with those with normal viability; 437.67 ?g (283.88 vs. 305.15 ?g (221.19 (P < 0.05. Weak correlations were found between Zn and some semen parameters. However, the correlation was negative between pH and Zn-C (r = -0.193, P < 0.05 as well as Zn-T (r = -0.280, P < 0.01. On the other hand, correlations were positive between Zn-T and sperm count (r = 0.211, P < 0.05. Conclusion : Count, motility, viability, pH and viscosity are affected by variations of seminal plasma zinc. Seminal plasma Zn-T is the better marker for assessing the relationship between zinc and semen quality.

Dissanayake DMAB

2010-01-01

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69 reactive oxygen species evaluation of donkey frozen semen added to homologous seminal plasma on post-thaw.  

Science.gov (United States)

For many years the pregnancy rate of donkey frozen semen presented lower results in donkey jennies; however, a recent study showed an increase in pregnancy rates using frozen semen added to seminal plasma on post-thaw. A hypothesis for this result is the higher uterine inflammation response after breeding when using seminal plasma. The same studies demonstrated higher uterine inflammation in the presence of higher reactive oxygen species concentration. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the content of reactive oxygen species in donkey frozen semen added to homologous seminal plasma on post-thaw. Five ejaculates from each 3 donkeys were used. Semen was diluted (1:1) with a skim milk-based extender (Botu-Semen(TM), Botupharma, Brazil). The semen was frozen with Botu-Cryo(TM) extender (Botupharma, Brazil) in an isothermal box in straws containing 100×10(6) of total sperm. The samples were thawed at 46°C for 20s. After this, the straws of each donkey were divided in 2 group: control group (CG), in which the semen was incubated at 37°C for 5min, and plasma seminal group (PG), in which the semen was incubated at 37°C for 5min with 70% of homologous seminal plasma. Sperm kinetic parameters were evaluated by computer-assisted semen analysis, and the plasma membrane integrity (propidium iodide and fluorescein isothiocyanate -PSA) and reactive oxygen species (5-6-carboxi-2,7-diclorodihidrofluoresceindiacetate) were evaluated by flow cytometer. Comparison of sperm parameters was performed by t-test. Total motility (%, CG=75.4±8.2(a) v. PG=57.5±16.4(b)), progressive motility (%, CG=42.0±8.7(a) v. PG=33.3±13.2(b)), progressive angular velocity (?m/s, CG=95.8±10.8(a) v. PG=88.9±10.9(b)), and percentage of rapid sperm (%, CG=58.4±12.5(a) v. PG=41.0±17.3(b)) were higher in CG compare with PG. No difference (P<0.05) was observed in membrane integrity (%, CG=20.7±7.4 v. PG=20.6±7.8); however, reactive oxygen species (%, CG=12.3±10.6(a) v. PG=81.8±32.5(b)) were higher in PG. The results of this study showed that the addition of homologous seminal plasma on post-thaw decreases the sperm kinetic parameters and viability of donkey frozen semen but increases reactive oxygen species, and this may cause higher uterine inflammation response in donkey jennies and increase their fertility. PMID:25472118

Oliveira, P V L; Oliveira, J V; Ramires Neto, C; Sancler-Silva, Y F R; Freitas-Dell'aqua, C P; Papa, F O

2014-12-01

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Cholesterol concentration in seminal plasma as a predictive tool for quality semen evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lipid composition of bovine serum and seminal plasma, seasonality, and semen quality. The experiment was carried out in two groups of Simmental breeding bulls: Group I (ages 2 to 4 yr) and Group II (ages 5 to 10 yr). Blood samples were collected from jugular vein, and bovine semen was sampled with an artificial vagina once per season. Serum concentrations of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triacylglycerols, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), and lipoprotein electrophoretic patterns were determined. Seminal plasma concentrations of total cholesterol, HDL-C, and LDL-C were assayed. Serum concentration of triacylglycerols in young bulls was significantly higher in winter compared with that in autumn, whereas serum NEFA concentration was significantly higher in autumn compared with that in other seasons. Serum concentration of total cholesterol, LDL-C, and LDL lipoproteins in older bulls was significantly higher in winter than in spring. Seminal plasma concentration of total cholesterol in young bulls was significantly higher in spring compared with that in summer, whereas in older bulls it was significantly higher in winter compared with that in autumn samples. Sperm volume of both groups was significantly higher in summer compared with that in autumn and winter. Sperm motility in young bulls was lowest in summer and differed significantly from the values recorded in other seasons. The changes observed in seminal plasma cholesterol concentration were associated with extracellular lipid use and appeared to be applicable as a biochemical marker of sperm quality. PMID:19767087

Beer-Ljubi?, B; Aladrovi?, J; Marenjak, T S; Laskaj, R; Maji?-Bali?, I; Milinkovi?-Tur, S

2009-11-01

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Clinical significance of determination of semen plasma IL-2, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-? contents in infertile males  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the influence of high semen plasma contents of the cytokines (IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-?) on male fertility. Methods: Semen plasma levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-? were determined with RIA in 126 infertile and 20 fertile males. Results: Semen plasma contents of the 4 cytokines in infertile subjects were significantly higher than those in fertile ones (p4/HP, n=15) had significantly higher contents of cytokines than those without leucocytospermia (WBC<4/HP, n=111). Besides, TNF-? contents in subjects with lower sperm activity and less motility rate as well as IL-8 contents in subjects with less sperm motility rate were both significantly higher than those in subjects with more normal sperms (p<0.01, p<0.05). Conclusion: High semen plasma cytokines contents represent existing local infection and enhanced auto-immune status, both damaging to sperms. Infertility would be the inevitable consequence. Monitoring of changes of the cytokine contents should be a part of fertility studies

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64 could frozen-thawed boar-semen fertility be increased with seminal plasma addition?  

Science.gov (United States)

Post-thawed addition of seminal plasma (SP) in equine cryopreserved semen increased the integrity of plasma and acrosomal membranes (Andrade et al. 2011 Reprod. Dom. Anim. 46, 682-686) and these possibly affect sperm lifespan, improving fertility (Garcia et al. 2010 Anim. Reprod. Sci. 119, 160-165). This study was conducted to verify the pregnancy (PR) and fertility rate (FR) of addition of homologous SP in thawed boar semen. First, SP collections were made with polled sperm rich-fraction. Semen was centrifuged (500×g for 10min) and supernatant was removed, centrifuged one more time (2500×g for 30min), vacuum filtered through membranes (0.22?m), and stored at -80°C for future use. Samples collected to frozen were pooled and divided in 2 aliquots, control (cryopreserved with SP; CON) and cryopreserved without SP (WSP; SP was removed and discarded after centrifugation - 500×g for 10min). Samples were extended in freezing extender (Botupharma(®)) to a final concentration of 300×10(6) spermatozoa per milliliter, packaged in 0.5-mL straws, and frozen in an automatic system (TK Tecnologia em Congelação(®)) using a rate of -0.5°Cmin(-1) until 5°C, -20°Cmin(-1) until -120°C, and then immersed in LN (-196°C). Ten straws, from each treatment, were thawed in water bath (37°C/30s) and extended in Beltsville thawing solution to obtain 1.5×10(9) sperm in 40mL. The other 10 straws of WSP were thawed and extended in Beltsville thawing solution plus 10% (v:v) of SP to originate treatment TSP (thawed added of seminal plasma). Thirty-three (11 per treatment) gilts had synchronized ovulation with altrenogest (25mg/5mL, Regumate(®)) administration per 18 days. Following day after withdrawal the altrenogest was administered with an intramuscular injection of 600IU of eCG (Novormon(®)) and 2.5mg of pLH (Lutropin(®)-V) after 72 h; a single deep intrauterine insemination was made 36h after. Five days after, females were slaughtered and embryos were collected (by oviducts flushed) and evaluated by esteromicroscopia. Fertility rate and PR were analysed by SAS program (SAS Institute Inc., 2010, Cary, NC, USA). Fertility rate was analysed by Mixed models, and treatment effects were analysed by orthogonal contrasts (C1: effect without SP=CW v. NC; C2: effect of post-thawed addition of SP=CP v. CW), and PR was evaluated by binary distribution with PROC GLIMMIX test. Fertility rate was not affected (P>0.05) by cryopreservation of boar semen in presence or absence of SP nor by its addition in Beltsville thawing solution (10.58±3.92, 9.57±4.92, 21.29±7.37 for CON, WSP, and TSP, respectively). Treatments did not influence (P>0.05) PR (50.00, 36.36, 72.73 for CON, WSP, and TSP, respectively). Thus, neither SP addition in thawed boar semen nor cryopreservation with or without SP can be beneficial to PR and FR, in our experimental conditions. However, a numeric large difference was observed. Therefore, these results lead us to believe that SP have a potential to increase the fertility and pregnancy rate, and that can be verified in further studies, with more repetitions. PMID:25472113

Torres, M A; Ravagnani, G M; de Lima Oliveira, M; Leal, D F; Amorim de Campos, G; Martins, S M M K; Muro, B B D; Moretti, A S 'a; Papa, F O; Dell'Aqua, J A; Alvarenga, M A; Cesar de Andrade, A F

2014-12-01

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Complement-inhibiting activity of human seminal plasma and semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human seminal plasma (SP) contains potent complement inhibitors. This study examined the complement-inhibiting activity of individual SP samples from 118 patients with infertility and analyzed them in relation to various semen parameters. When 25% complement-inhibiting activity was considered the cut off value, less than 1 SD unit from the mean percentage of inhibition of SP samples with normal semen quality, 32 samples (27%) showed low inhibiting activity. Among the lower group, incidences of patients with asthenozoospermia (66%) and oligozoospermia (31%) were significantly (p activity. Partial characterization revealed that the component responsible for complement inhibition was heat labile, trypsin resistant, high molecular weight (>10 kD) glycoprotein that can inhibit alternative as well as classical complement pathways. Furthermore, since in the majority of SP samples the anticomplementary activity was blocked by monoclonal antibody against membrane cofactor protein (MCP) or decay accelerating factor (DAF), the complement-inhibiting factors that were identified are likely to be MCP and/or DAF, which are known to be present in human SP. These results suggest that complement-regulatory proteins in SP such as MCP and DAF may protect sperm cells against complement attack in the male reproductive tract. PMID:8907671

Chowdhury, N A; Kamada, M; Takikawa, M; Mori, H; Gima, H; Aono, T

1996-01-01

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Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of equine seminal plasma proteins and their relation with semen freezability.  

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The objective was to evaluate protein profiles of equine seminal plasma using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) and to determine whether any of these proteins were related to semen freezability. Seminal plasma was collected from 10 stallions, of high and low semen freezability, housed at the State Stud of Lower Saxony, and routinely used in AI programs. Twenty-five protein spots were identified from the two-dimensional gel (12%), seven of which were present in all samples (all proteins were identified by MALDI-MS). Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) has been used to generate ion images of samples in one or more mass-to-charge (m/z) values, providing the capability of mapping specific molecules to two-dimensional coordinates of the original sample. Of the 25 proteins identified, two spots had greater relative content (P HSP-2. Conversely, protein content was greater (P HSP-2 were potential seminal plasma markers of high semen freezability. PMID:21601917

Jobim, M I M; Trein, C; Zirkler, H; Gregory, R M; Sieme, H; Mattos, R C

2011-09-01

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Effects of the Seminal Plasma Iron and Lead Content on Semen Quality of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis Bulls  

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Full Text Available In order to determine iron and lead content of seminal plasma in water buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls. The semen characteristics were evaluated; its iron and lead content were estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The iron and lead content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM was recorded as 40.68 ± 0.75 mg L-1 and 0.026 ± 0.008 mg L-1, respectively. The mean iron value was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability, negatively with lead content, and had a negative association with semen volume. The mean lead value was highly negatively associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility, viability and positively associated with sperm abnormal morphology.For further clarification of these associations, the results were categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, > 90 % motile, n = 33, good (Go, 80-89 % motile, n = 15 and moderate (Mo, < 79 % motile, n = 6 according to their percentage of sperm motility. The mean progressive motility in Ex, Go and Mo group was 92.24 ± 0.51 %, 81.66 ± 0.62 %, and 71.66 ± 1.05 % respectively. The mean iron and lead values and their associations with other parameters in these groups are discussed.The results show that seminal plasma iron content is associated with the motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation, but its lead content has an adverse effect on these parameters.

Mohammad-Hassan Khadem Ansari

2010-12-01

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Detection of haptoglobin in seminal plasma of Awassi rams and the relation with its level in serum and some semen parameters  

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Full Text Available The study was conducted to detect haptoglobin in seminal plasma (SP-Hp of Awassi rams and the effect of the breeding season on its concentration, along with determining the correlation with its concentration in serum (S-Hp and main semen variables. Pre-warmed artificial vagina was used to collect semen samples biweekly from five Awassi rams. Semen samples were evaluated for volume, concentration and sperm motility. Blood samples were collected 10–30 min after semen collection. The concentration of serum and seminal plasma Hp was determined using ELISA. The mean ± SESP-Hp concentrations ranged from 0.25 ± 0.05 to 0.81 ± 0.44 ?g/ml, whereas those of S-Hp-ranged from 0.99 ± 0.29 to 2.99 ± 0.18 mg/ml. There was a significant (P < 0.05 positive correlation (r = 0.329 between SP-Hp and S-Hp concentrations. Both SP-Hp and S-Hp concentrations were significantly (P < 0.05 higher in winter as compared with the other seasons. The concentrations of SP-Hp and S-Hp during the breeding season were significantly lower (P < 0.01 than those of the out season period. SP-Hp concentration negatively correlated with semen volume and sperm concentration (r = ?0.164 and ?0.121, whereas sperm concentration positively correlated with individual sperm motility (r = 0.100. No significant correlation was detected between SP-Hp and semen parameters. It can be concluded that, Hp is present in ram seminal plasma and its concentration was about 2000 folds lower than that of the serum, and Hp concentration was lower during the breeding season, but its concentration in seminal plasma has no significant correlation with semen parameters.

Dhafer M. Aziz

2013-11-01

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Effects of the Seminal Plasma Zinc Content and Catalase Activity on the Semen Quality of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis Bulls  

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Full Text Available In order to determine zinc and catalase content of seminal plasma in the buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls; semen volume and sperm concentration, gross and progressive motility and viability were evaluated, seminal plasma was then harvested by centrifugation and its zinc content was estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometer and its catalase activity determined by using a commercial kit. The zinc content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM was recorded as 154.40 ± 1.74 mg L-1, while, the mean catalase value was 32.00 ± 0.42 U mL-1. The mean zinc values was highly correlated with sperm progressive motility and viability and with catalase values (p = 0.000 for all and also was associated with gross motility (p = 0.020 and negatively with abnormal morphology (p = 0.049. The catalase values were highly associated with sperm progressive motility, viability and zinc content (p = 0.000 for all and was associated with sperm gross motility (p = 0.024. For further clarification of these correlations, the samples were categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, > 90% motile, n = 33, good (Go, 80-89% motile, n = 15 and moderate (Mo, < 79% motile, n = 6 according to their percentage of sperm motility. The mean progressive motility in Ex group was 92.54 ± 0.51%, in Go group was 81.66 ± 0.62% and in Mo group was 71.66 ± 1.05%. The mean zinc and catalase values were recorded as 161.07 ± 1.63 mg L-1 and 33.41 ± 0.34 U mL-1 in Ex, 146.70 ± 1.91 mg L-1 and 31.01 ± 0.67 in Go and 136.42 ± 4.97 mg L-1 and 26.51 ± 0.87 U mL-1 in Mo groups. The mean zinc value in Ex group was highly associated with sperm motility, viability and catalase values, in Go group was associated with catalase values and highly associated with sperm abnormal morphology and in Mo group it was highly associations with catalase values only. The mean catalase value in Ex group, was highly associated with sperm motility and viability, in Go group was associated with zinc content and in Mo groups was highly associated with the zinc content. These results show that seminal plasma zinc and catalase content are correlated with semen characteristics and synergistically act to preserve motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation.

S.M. Alavi-Shoushtari

2009-01-01

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The relationship between seminal plasma aspartate aminotransferase activity, sperm osmotic resistance test value, and semen quality in boars  

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Full Text Available The relationship between the activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT in seminal plasma and the values of the osmotic resistance test (ORT of acrosomal membranes and semen traits was examined on 120 young hybrid Pietrain and Duroc boars. The following semen quality traits were determined: the volume of the ejaculate, the percentage of spermatozoa with progressive motility, sperm concentration and the total number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate, percentage of spermatozoa with normal acrosome, the percentage of spermatozoa with major and minor morphological defects, ORT, and the activity of AspAT in seminal plasma. The activity of AspAT in seminal plasma was negatively correlated (p_0.01 with the spermatozoa concentration and total number per ejaculate, percentage of spermatozoa with progressive motility and percentage of spermatozoa with a normal acrosome, while positively with the percentage of spermatozoa with major (p?0.001 and minor (p?0.01 morphological defects. The ORT values negatively correlated with the percentage of spermatozoa with major (p?0.05 and minor (p?0.01 morphological defects, while positively (p?0.001 with the percentage of spermatozoa with a normal acrosome.

Jacyno Eugenia

2013-01-01

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Sperm survival kinetics in different types of bull semen: progressive motility, plasma membrane integrity, acrosomal status and reactive oxygen species generation.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to compare the kinetics of sperm survival in different types of bull semen. Fresh ejaculates from four bulls were pooled, diluted in Tris-citric acid-egg yolk-glycerol extender, cooled to 4°C, frozen in LN2 and thawed at 37°C. Fresh, diluted, cooled and frozen-thawed semen were incubated at 37°C, and evaluated at 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24h after the beginning of incubation. In Experiment 1, progressive sperm motility, normal acrosomes and plasma membrane integrity and asymmetry were determined. In Experiment 2, generation of superoxide anion (O2•) along with plasma membrane permeability and generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) along with plasma membrane integrity were assessed. In Experiment 1, frozen-thawed semen had shorter survival times for progressive sperm motility, and spermatozoa with intact plasma membranes and acrosomes (IPM-IACR) as compared with other types of semen (P2•- generation and increased plasma membrane permeability, and became necrotic without H2O2 generation during incubation (P2•-, which increased the permeability and compromised the integrity of the plasma membrane. PMID:24576435

Ahmad, Mushtaq; Ahmad, Nasim; Riaz, Amjad; Anzar, Muhammad

2014-02-28

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Ram seminal plasma improves pregnancy rates in ewes cervically inseminated with ram semen stored at 5 °C for 24 hours.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we compared pregnancy rates obtained using ram semen stored at 5 °C for 24 h, with ram or bull seminal plasma (SP) added to TRIS-egg yolk extender. During the breeding period, 670 adult Corriedale ewes were cervically inseminated with semen (2 × 10(8) sperm in a volume of 0.2 mL) from eight adult Corriedale rams. Ejaculates, obtained using an artificial vagina, were split into three aliquots and diluted with the following: TRIS-egg yolk based extender (T), T + 30% ram SP (R), or T + 30% bull SP (B). Samples were refrigerated and stored at 5 °C for 24 h until used for AI. Pregnancy was assessed by ultrasonography 35 to 40 d after AI. Pregnancy rate was not affected by ram (P = 0.77) or breeding period (P = 0.43), and there were no interactions between extender and ram (P = 0.94), or extender and breeding period (P = 0.24). However, there was an effect of extender (P = 0.0009) on pregnancy rates; ram SP, but not bull SP, increased pregnancy rates compared with extender without SP (49.7, 38.1, and 31.1%, for R, B, and T respectively). In conclusion, ram SP added to TRIS-egg yolk extender had a beneficial effect on the pregnancy rate of ram sperm stored at 5 °C for 24 h and used for cervical insemination of ewes. PMID:21958634

López-Pérez, A; Pérez-Clariget, R

2012-01-15

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Blood serum and seminal plasma selenium, total antioxidant capacity and coenzyme q10 levels in relation to semen parameters in men with idiopathic infertility.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this case-control study, we aimed to evaluate the serum and seminal plasma levels of Selenium (Se), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ-10) and determine their relationship with sperm concentration, motility, and morphology in men with idiopathic infertility. A total of 59 subjects were enrolled in the study. Forty four patients were diagnosed with idiopathic male infertility and had abnormal sperm parameters, and 15 subjects had normal sperm parameters with proven fertility. Serum Se, semen Se, and semen TAC levels were significantly different in the fertile and infertile groups (pCoQ-10 levels did not differ between fertile and infertile groups. When the levels of the measured parameters were compared in serum and seminal plasma, serum levels of Se were found to be correlated positively with the semen levels in all subjects included into the study (N=59) (r=0.46, pCoQ-10. Correlations among measured serum and semen parameters with sperm parameters demonstrated that both the serum and semen levels of Se were correlated positively with spermatozoa concentration, motility, and morphology. Additionally, seminal plasma levels of TAC correlated positively with all these sperm parameters. On the other hand, seminal plasma levels of CoQ-10 correlated only with sperm morphology but not with concentration or motility. No relationship was observed between serum levels of TAC or serum levels of CoQ-10 and sperm parameters. In conclusion, serum and seminal plasma Se deficiency may be a prominent determinant of abnormal sperm parameters and idiopathic male infertility. Measurement of serum Se levels may help determine nutritional status and antioxidant capacity in infertile patients, which may help distinguish those patients who will benefit from supplementation therapy. PMID:24752972

Eroglu, Mustafa; Sahin, Sadik; Durukan, Birol; Ozakpinar, Ozlem Bingol; Erdinc, Nese; Turkgeldi, Lale; Sofuoglu, Kenan; Karateke, Ates

2014-06-01

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Calcium, Magnesium and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC in Seminal Plasma of Water Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis Bulls and their Relationships with Semen Characteristics  

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Full Text Available In order to determine calcium (Ca, magnesium (Mg content and total antioxidant capacity (TAC of seminal plasma in buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls; semen quality was evaluated, seminal plasma was then harvested by centrifugation and its Ca and Mg content were estimated and its TAC determined. The Ca and Mg content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM were recorded as 22.36 ± 0.52 mg dl-1 and 11.94 ± 0.36 mg dl-1 respectively, while, its mean TAC value was 1.50 ± 0.02 mmol L-1. The mean Ca value was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility, viability (P = 0.000 for all, negatively with semen volume (P = 0.01, and with Mg and TAC values (P = 0.000 for both. The mean Mg values was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability and seminal plasma Ca and TAC (P = 0.000 for all and negatively associated with semen volume (P = 0.014. The mean TAC values was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability and seminal plasma Ca and Mg (P = 0.000 for all. For further clarification of these associations, the data was categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, >90% motile, n = 33, good (Go, 80-89% motile, n = 15 and moderate (Mo, <79% motile, n = 6 according to their percentage of sperm motility. The mean progressive motility in Ex group was 92.24 ± 0.51%, in Go group it was 81.66 ± 0.62 %, and in Mo group it was 71.66 ± 1.05 %. The mean Ca, Mg and TAC values were respectively recorded as 25.12 ± 0.29 mg dl-1, 13.78 ± 0.20 mg dl-1, and 1.57 ± 0.009 mmol L-1 in Ex, 18.74 ± 0.63 mg dl-1, 9.14 ± 0.33mg dl-1, and 1.42 ± 0.044 mmol L-1 in Go, and 17.34 ± 0.18 mg dl-1, 8.06 ± 0.25 mg dl-1, and 1.23± 0.05 mmol L-1 in Mo groups. The associations in groups are discussed. These results show that seminal plasma Ca and Mg content and TAC are associated with semen characteristics, and synergistically have an effect on motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation, which are important factors in semen fertility.

Mohammad-Hassan Khadem Ansari

2010-06-01

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Effect of the addition of seminal plasma, vitamin E and incubation time on post-thawed sperm viability in boar semen / Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal, vitamina E y tiempo de incubación en la viabilidad post-congelamiento del esperma en semen de verraco  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el efecto del plasma seminal (PS), Vitamina E (VE) y tiempo de incubación sobre la viabilidad espermática de semen de verracos después de su congelamiento. Treinta y seis eyaculados fueron usados y asignados a cuatro tratamientos: Tl, semen + BTS (Solución de post [...] congelamiento Belstville) + 10% PS; T2, semen + BTS + 200?g/ml VE; T3, semen + BTS + 10% PS + 200ug/ml VE; T4, semen + BTS (control). La motilidad (MOT), integridad de acrosomas (IA), integridad de membrana (IM) y la actividad mitocondrial (AM) se evaluaron a los 0 y 30 min después del congelamiento. Se utilizó un diseño en parcelas divididas y los datos se analizaron mediante un análisis de varianza para modelos mixtos. Se encontró efecto significativo de PS y VE sobre IA y IM (PO.05) pero no sobre MOT y AM (P>0.05). Hubo efecto significativo de tiempo de incubación sobre MOT (21.3 y 27.9%) y IA (46.0 y 36.0%), a los 0 y 30 min postcongelación (P Abstract in english The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of seminal plasma (SP), vitamin E (VE), and incubation time on sperm viability of post-thawed boar semen. Thirty six ejaculates were used and allocated to four treatments: Tl, semen + BTS (Belstville Thawing Solution) + 10% SP; T2, semen + BTS + [...] 200?g/ml VE; T3, semen + BTS + 10% SP + 200ug/ml VE; T4, semen + BTS (control). Motility (MOT), intact acrosomes (IA), membrane integrity (MI) and mitochondrial activity (MA) were evaluated, at 0 and 30 min after thawing. A split plot design was used and the data analyzed using a mixed model analysis of variance. There was a significant effect of SP and VE on IA and MI (PO.05) but not on MOT and MA (P>0.05). There was significant effect of incubation time on MOT (21.3 and 27.9%) and IA (46.0 and 36.0%), at 0 and 30 min post-thawing (P

A. G. C., Pech- Sansores; F. G., Centurión- Castro; J. C., Rodríguez-Buenfil; J. C., Segura-Correa; J. R., Aké-Lopez.

2011-12-01

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Alergia al semen / Semen allergy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La alergia al semen comprende una variedad de síntomas tanto locales como sistémicos causados por reacciones de hipersensibilidad inmediata y caracterizados por títulos elevados de IgE. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el caso de una paciente con alergia al semen: mujer de 21 años de edad qu [...] e presenta ardor y sensación de quemazón en el área genital luego de tener contacto con el semen de su pareja. El análisis seminal del compañero sexual no presenta ningún tipo de alteración. Los síntomas desaparecen con el uso de condón o con la práctica del coito interrumpido. La alergia al semen es una alteración, que si bien es poco frecuente, puede afectar los deseos de concepción de las mujeres que la presentan, es un fenómeno poco estudiado por lo que se requieren más reportes para su caracterización. Abstract in english Semen allergy includes several local and systemic symptoms caused by immediate hypersensitivity reactions and it is characterized by high levels of IgE. The objective of this study was to describe the case of a patient with semen allergy. A 21 year-old woman experienced itching and burning sensation [...] in the genital area after contact with the semen of her sexual partner. Semen analysis was normal. Symptoms disappear with the use of condom or the practice of coitus interruptus. Semen allergy is a condition, although rare, can affect the desire of conceiving in women who suffers it. It is a briefly studied phenomenon which requires more reports for proper characterization.

Laura, Franco Cuadros; Jenniffer, Puerta Suárez; Ángela, Cadavid Jaramillo; Walter, Cardona Maya.

2013-12-01

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Seminal tract inflammation and male infertility. Correlations between leukospermia and clinical history, prostatic cytology, conventional semen parameters, sperm viability and seminal plasma protein composition.  

Science.gov (United States)

A retrospective clinical evaluation of various types of semen analyses from infertile couples attending our Infertility Clinic was undertaken with the scope of studying the possible correlation between seminal inflammation and infertility. The parameters considered were leukospermia (severe, slight, constant or non-constant), clinical history (anamnestic data possibly inferring inflammation), conventional semen parameters, sperm viability (as assessed by capillary tube in vitro penetration test) and seminal plasma proteins patterns (SDS-PAGE). History data such as dysuria, urinary infection, cystitis symptoms and hematospermia were found to be significantly more frequent in infertile men with than in those without leukospermia. Leukospermia in itself did not seem to affect the conventional semen parameters such as total sperm count, motility (at 45 and 180 min) and/or morphology. The seminal volume could represent an exception to this rule. Furthermore, leukospermia did significantly affect sperm viability as evaluated by the capillary tube penetration test. Leukospermia was also significantly coupled to alterations of the seminal plasma protein composition (increase of the albumin concentration, decrease of prostatic markers and other anomalies). PMID:3223195

Colpi, G M; Roveda, M L; Tognetti, A; Balerna, M

1988-01-01

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa  

OpenAIRE

Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq (Triladyl with 0.5 m? of Equex STM paste added to each 100 m?) and heat-treated skim milk on longevity and percentages of progressively motile and aberrantly motile frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa. Three ejaculates from each of 6 rams w...

Gerber, D.; Nothling, J. O.; Terblanche, S. J.; Mataveia, G. A.

2012-01-01

33

Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq (Triladyl with 0.5 m? of Equex STM paste added to each 100 m? and heat-treated skim milk on longevity and percentages of progressively motile and aberrantly motile frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa. Three ejaculates from each of 6 rams were extended in TrilEq, pooled and frozen in straws as a single batch per ram. One hundred and eight straws (3 straws from each ram for each fluid were thawed in random order. Once thawed, a straw was emptied into a tube with 0.85m? of the appropriate fluid at 37 °C and kept at that temperature for 6 h. Motility was assessed at x200 magnification immediately (time zero and 2, 4 and 6 h after thawing. Progressive motility decreased from each time to the next (P < 0.05 and was 39.0% (0 h, 26.0% (2 h, 19.6% (4 h and 12.6% (6 h; SEM 1.24, n=108 for each group. Ram seminal plasma resulted in higher progressive motility than bull seminal plasma, lower than milk, and similar to the other fluids. Ram seminal plasma resulted in lower aberrant motility than protein-free TALP and similar aberrant motility to other fluids. The effect of ram seminal plasma and dog prostatic fluid was very similar. The effect of ram seminal plasma on the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix is not due an exceptionally beneficial effect on the motility of spermatozoa.

D. Gerber

2012-05-01

34

Seminal plasma concentrations of Anti-Müllerian hormone and inhibin B predict motile sperm recovery from cryopreserved semen in asthenozoospermic men: a prospective cohort study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rate of motile sperm recovery after cryopreservation is very variable and difficult to predict. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin B are produced by Sertoli cells and released into the seminal plasma, where they could be functional markers of spermatogenesis and sperm resistance to thermal stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether seminal plasma levels of AMH and inhibin B predict sperm recovery after cryopreservation. The study included 153 men enrolled prospectively during a semen analysis. The cohort was stratified by the fresh semen characteristics into: normal (n = 52), high sperm count (n = 55), asthenozoospermia (n = 23), and oligozoospermia (n = 23). The main outcome measure was motile sperm recovery rate, defined as post-thaw total motile sperm count × 100/pre-freezing total motile sperm count. In men with asthenozoospermia there was a significant correlation between motile sperm recovery rate and the pre-freezing concentrations of AMH (r = 0.522, p motile sperm recovery after cryopreservation were, respectively, 0.808 and 0.638. AMH was particularly useful, with sensitivity of 0.85, specificity of 0.80, positive predictive value of 0.84 and negative predictive value of 0.80. The sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values of inhibin B for the same outcome were, respectively, 0.62, 0.60, 0.67, and 0.55. The median motile sperm recovery rate was 83% when seminal plasma AMH concentration was ?0.84 ng/mL, vs. 27% when AMH concentration was motile sperm recovery rate. In conclusion, seminal plasma AMH and inhibin B concentrations correlate with and can be used to predict motile sperm recovery after semen cryopreservation in asthenozoospermic men. PMID:25269872

Nery, S F; Vieira, M A F; Dela Cruz, C; Lobach, V N M; Del Puerto, H L; Torres, P B; Rocha, A L L; Reis, A B; Reis, F M

2014-11-01

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Immunoreactive luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone in the seminal plasma and human semen parameters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH)-like substance has been detected in human seminal plasma by a radioimmunoassay (RIA) with a highly specific anti-LH-RH antiserum. The seminal samples - not only the plasma itself but also the sample extracted by an acid/alcohol method - showed satisfactory displacement curves in our RIA system. The relationship between fertility and the LH-RH values in the seminal plasma was studied by comparing the peptide levels with sperm concentration and motility. By these two parameters, 103 samples were divided into four groups. In the low-concentration groups (oligozoospermic patients), the hormonal concentrations differed significantly between those specimens demonstrating good and poor motility. These data suggest that this immunoreactive LH-RH may play a role in human spermatogenesis

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq (Triladyl with 0.5 m? of Equex STM paste [...] added to each 100 m?) and heat-treated skim milk on longevity and percentages of progressively motile and aberrantly motile frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa. Three ejaculates from each of 6 rams were extended in TrilEq, pooled and frozen in straws as a single batch per ram. One hundred and eight straws (3 straws from each ram for each fluid) were thawed in random order. Once thawed, a straw was emptied into a tube with 0.85 m? of the appropriate fluid at 37 ºC and kept at that temperature for 6 h. Motility was assessed at ×200 magnification immediately (time zero) and 2, 4 and 6 h after thawing. Progressive motility decreased from each time to the next (P

G A, Mataveia; S J, Terblanche; J O, Nöthling; D, Gerber.

2010-09-01

37

INAA determination of selenium via sup(77m)Se in plasma, semen and hair samples from beef and dairy bulls  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Interest in the element selenium with respect to its biological significance has been steadily increasing for the last ten years. Neutron activation analysis has long been used for the accurate determination of selenium in biological samples usually via 75Se. More recently activation analysts having access to high flux reactors with rapid delivery pneumatic tube facilities; have successfully employed sup(77m)Se. This approach, which is much faster, is particularly well suited to the Missouri University Research Reactor (MURR). The specific interest concerning bulls has to do with the involvement of selenium in the reproductive system. Selenium analysis methodology and data on plasma, semen and 22 tissues from both beef and dairy bulls are presented. (author)

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Evaluation of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for determining Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in bovine semen samples using a simple sample dilution method  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um método simples e rápido para a determinação de Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se e Zn em sêmen bovino por espectrometria de massas com plasma indutivamente acoplado (q-ICP-MS) é descrito. Previamente as análises, 200 µL de amostras foram diluídas 1:50 em solução contendo Triton® X-100 (0,01% v/v) e ácido ní [...] trico (0,5% v/v). Os limites de detecção foram de 0,3, 0,03, 0,2, 0,04, 0,04, 0,03 e 0,03 µg L-1 para 44Ca, 63Cu, 57Fe, 24Mg, 64Zn, 82Se e 55Mn, respectivamente. Para efeitos de comparação e validação do método, quatro amostras de sêmen bovino foram analisadas por ICP-MS pelo método proposto e por espectrometria de absorção atômica com chama (FAAS) ou espectrometria de absorção atômica em forno de grafite (GF AAS), e não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas entre as técnicas com aplicação do teste-t (95% de confiança). Então, o método proposto foi aplicado na determinação de Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se e Zn em amostras de sêmen bovino coletadas de diferentes raças, as quais são usadas em programas de reprodução animal e inseminação artificial. Abstract in english A simple and fast method for the determination of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in bovine semen by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (q-ICP-MS) is described. Prior to analysis, samples (200 µL) were diluted 1:50 in a solution containing 0.01% v/v Triton® X-100 and 0.5% v/v nitric ac [...] id and directly analyzed by ICP-MS. The limits of detection of the method are 0.3, 0.03, 0.2, 0.04, 0.04, 0.03 and 0.03 µg L-1 for 44Ca, 63Cu, 57Fe, 24Mg, 64Zn, 82Se and 55Mn, respectively. For purposes of comparison and method validation, four ordinary bovine semen samples were directly analyzed by ICP-MS and by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF AAS), with no statistical difference between the techniques at the 95% level when applying the t-test. Then, the proposed method was applied in the determinations of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in collected samples of bovine semen from different breeds, which are used in reproduction programs and artificial insemination.

Giovanna F. M., Aguiar; Bruno L., Batista; Jairo L., Rodrigues; Pedro O., Luccas; Fernando, Barbosa Jr..

2012-03-01

39

Adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado e taxa de prenhez de ovelhas inseminadas em tempo fixo Addition of seminal plasma to frozen-thawed semen and pregnancy rate of fixed time inseminated ewes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Avaliou-se o efeito da adição de plasma seminal ovino ao sêmen descongelado sobre a taxa de prenhez de ovelhas em rebanho comercial. Cento e setenta e quatro ovelhas cruza Texel foram distribuídas em quatro tratamentos: T1 inseminação artificial cervical (IAC com sêmen descongelado (SD diluído em solução tampão fosfato salino (PBS; T2 IAC com SD e adição de plasma seminal ovino; T3 grupo-controle I: IAC com sêmen fresco diluído em PBS; T4 grupo-controle II: inseminação artificial por laparoscopia com SD diluído em PBS. Para indução de cio, utilizaram-se esponjas impregnadas com acetato de medroxiprogesterona (MAP por 12 dias, com aplicação intramuscular de 400 UI de eCG (Novormon® e de 37,5µg de cloprostenol sódico (Sincrocio®, no dia da retirada das esponjas. O aparecimento de cio foi monitorado com rufiões vasectomizados a partir da retirada das esponjas até a inseminação artificial em tempo fixo - 54 a 60 horas. A taxa de prenhez do tratamento com adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado (7,0% não diferiu (P>0,05 do tratamento sem adição de plasma (4,3%, entretanto foi menor (PThe effect of seminal plasma addition to thawed-frozen ram semen on the pregnancy rate of commercial herd ewes was evaluated. One hundred and seventy-four crossbred Texel sheep were allocated to four treatments: T1 cervical artificial insemination (CAI using frozen-thawed semen (FTS diluted in phosphate buffered saline solution (PBS; T2 CAI using FTS diluted in ovine seminal plasma; T3 control group I: CAI using fresh semen diluted in PBS; T4 control group II: laparoscopic insemination using FTS diluted in PBS. Estrus induction was performed with medroxiprogesterone acetate (MAP impregnated sponges for 12 days, followed by intramuscular injection of 400 IU of eCG (Novormon® and 37.5µg of sodium cloprostenol (Sincrocio® on the day of sponge removal. Estrus was monitorated with vasectomized rams, beginning at the time of the sponge removal until the fixed time artificial insemination - 54 to 60 hours. The pregnancy rate of FTS diluted in seminal plasma treatment (7.0% did not differ (P>0.05 for the treatment without addition of seminal plasma (4.3%, however it was lower (P<0.05 when compared to the pregnancy rate of the cervical inseminated control I group with PBS diluted fresh semen (50.0% and laparoscopic inseminated control group II with PBS diluted FTS (39.4%. The cervical artificial insemination with the addition of seminal plasma to frozen-thawed semen did not increase the pregnancy rate at acceptable values to make this biotechnology useful on commercial herds.

O.R. Prado

2013-02-01

40

Adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado e taxa de prenhez de ovelhas inseminadas em tempo fixo / Addition of seminal plasma to frozen-thawed semen and pregnancy rate of fixed time inseminated ewes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Avaliou-se o efeito da adição de plasma seminal ovino ao sêmen descongelado sobre a taxa de prenhez de ovelhas em rebanho comercial. Cento e setenta e quatro ovelhas cruza Texel foram distribuídas em quatro tratamentos: T1) inseminação artificial cervical (IAC) com sêmen descongelado (SD) diluído em [...] solução tampão fosfato salino (PBS); T2) IAC com SD e adição de plasma seminal ovino; T3) grupo-controle I: IAC com sêmen fresco diluído em PBS; T4) grupo-controle II: inseminação artificial por laparoscopia com SD diluído em PBS. Para indução de cio, utilizaram-se esponjas impregnadas com acetato de medroxiprogesterona (MAP) por 12 dias, com aplicação intramuscular de 400 UI de eCG (Novormon®) e de 37,5µg de cloprostenol sódico (Sincrocio®), no dia da retirada das esponjas. O aparecimento de cio foi monitorado com rufiões vasectomizados a partir da retirada das esponjas até a inseminação artificial em tempo fixo - 54 a 60 horas. A taxa de prenhez do tratamento com adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado (7,0%) não diferiu (P>0,05) do tratamento sem adição de plasma (4,3%), entretanto foi menor (P Abstract in english The effect of seminal plasma addition to thawed-frozen ram semen on the pregnancy rate of commercial herd ewes was evaluated. One hundred and seventy-four crossbred Texel sheep were allocated to four treatments: T1) cervical artificial insemination (CAI) using frozen-thawed semen (FTS) diluted in ph [...] osphate buffered saline solution (PBS); T2) CAI using FTS diluted in ovine seminal plasma; T3) control group I: CAI using fresh semen diluted in PBS; T4) control group II: laparoscopic insemination using FTS diluted in PBS. Estrus induction was performed with medroxiprogesterone acetate (MAP) impregnated sponges for 12 days, followed by intramuscular injection of 400 IU of eCG (Novormon®) and 37.5µg of sodium cloprostenol (Sincrocio®) on the day of sponge removal. Estrus was monitorated with vasectomized rams, beginning at the time of the sponge removal until the fixed time artificial insemination - 54 to 60 hours. The pregnancy rate of FTS diluted in seminal plasma treatment (7.0%) did not differ (P>0.05) for the treatment without addition of seminal plasma (4.3%), however it was lower (P

O.R., Prado; G.M., Bastos; A.L.G., Monteiro; B.B., Saab; S., Gilaverte; C.C., Pierobom; F., Hentz; L.H.S., Martins; C.J.A., Silva; G.S., Dranca; T.S.S., Stivari; G., Cerqueira.

2013-02-01

41

Caracterização de proteínas do plasma seminal e sua relação com parâmetros de qualidade do sêmen criopreservado em ovinos / Characterization of seminal plasma proteins and its relationship with quality parameters of frozen semen in ram  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os objetivos deste trabalho foram analisar o perfil proteico do plasma seminal ovino e identificar proteínas relacionadas com a congelabilidade do sêmen que possam ser utilizadas como marcadores para essa característica. Foram utilizados os ejaculados de cinco reprodutores, nos quais foram realizada [...] s avaliações espermáticas e dos quais os plasmas seminais obtidos por centrifugação foram submetidos à eletroforese bidimensional em gel de poliacrilamida. Foram identificados 92 spots, considerando todos os animais analisados. A avaliação dos dados obtidos evidenciou variações significativas nos resultados das análises do sêmen dos animais e uma variabilidade no perfil proteico no plasma seminal dos carneiros. As proteínas 03 (7,9kDa; pI 6,35), 23 (13,6kDa; pI 5,01) e 31 (21,4kDa; pI 4,75) se destacaram, por apresentarem maior expressão e relações com as características espermáticas. Sugere-se que mais estudos sejam realizados para verificar se as proteínas 03, 23 e 31 podem ser utilizadas como marcadores da capacidade criopreservadora do sêmen. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to analyze the protein profile of ram seminal plasma and to identify proteins associated with semen freezability, which could be used as marker for predicting this feature. Semen from five rams was used. The sperm analysis was held and the seminal plasma obtained by c [...] entrifugation was submitted to two-dimensional electrophoresis using acrylamide gel. Ninety two spots were identified considering the analyzed animals. The results showed a significant variation among sperm analysis of the animals and variability in the protein profile of the seminal plasma of the rams. The proteins 03 (7.9kDa; pI 6.35), 23 (13.6kDa; pI 5.01) e 31 (21.4kDa; pI 4.75) stood out because they showed higher expression and because of its relationship with the sperm characteristics. It is suggested more studies to verify if proteins 03, 23 and 31 could be used as markers of semen freezability.

Priscilla Pereira, Moura; Maurício Machaim, Franco; Thiago Antônio de Souza Nascimento, Silva; Thales Lima, Rocha; Diogo Ramos, Leal; Pedro Ivo Braga, Passos; Jairo Pereira, Neves.

1154-11-01

42

Caracterização de proteínas do plasma seminal e sua relação com parâmetros de qualidade do sêmen criopreservado em ovinos Characterization of seminal plasma proteins and its relationship with quality parameters of frozen semen in ram  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram analisar o perfil proteico do plasma seminal ovino e identificar proteínas relacionadas com a congelabilidade do sêmen que possam ser utilizadas como marcadores para essa característica. Foram utilizados os ejaculados de cinco reprodutores, nos quais foram realizadas avaliações espermáticas e dos quais os plasmas seminais obtidos por centrifugação foram submetidos à eletroforese bidimensional em gel de poliacrilamida. Foram identificados 92 spots, considerando todos os animais analisados. A avaliação dos dados obtidos evidenciou variações significativas nos resultados das análises do sêmen dos animais e uma variabilidade no perfil proteico no plasma seminal dos carneiros. As proteínas 03 (7,9kDa; pI 6,35, 23 (13,6kDa; pI 5,01 e 31 (21,4kDa; pI 4,75 se destacaram, por apresentarem maior expressão e relações com as características espermáticas. Sugere-se que mais estudos sejam realizados para verificar se as proteínas 03, 23 e 31 podem ser utilizadas como marcadores da capacidade criopreservadora do sêmen.The objective of this study was to analyze the protein profile of ram seminal plasma and to identify proteins associated with semen freezability, which could be used as marker for predicting this feature. Semen from five rams was used. The sperm analysis was held and the seminal plasma obtained by centrifugation was submitted to two-dimensional electrophoresis using acrylamide gel. Ninety two spots were identified considering the analyzed animals. The results showed a significant variation among sperm analysis of the animals and variability in the protein profile of the seminal plasma of the rams. The proteins 03 (7.9kDa; pI 6.35, 23 (13.6kDa; pI 5.01 e 31 (21.4kDa; pI 4.75 stood out because they showed higher expression and because of its relationship with the sperm characteristics. It is suggested more studies to verify if proteins 03, 23 and 31 could be used as markers of semen freezability.

Priscilla Pereira Moura

2010-05-01

43

ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY AS A MARKER OF DOG SEMEN FREEZABILITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The investigation was performed to evaluate the dog semen freezability and itsquality after thawing allowing its use for artificial insemination (AI. On the basis ofsperm motility, concentration and alkaline phosphatase (AP activity in semenplasma it was possible to establish that AP activity corresponds with the basic factorof semen examination. Significant statistical differences occurred between thequality of ejaculates which were qualified or disqualified to deep freezing and AI.These results show that AP activity in raw dog semen plasma can be used as amarker for the dog semen qualification for deep freezing and AI with 95%probability of the prognosis of the results.

K. KOSINIAK-KAMYSZ

2013-12-01

44

ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY AS A MARKER OF DOG SEMEN FREEZABILITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The investigation was performed to evaluate the dog semen freezability and itsquality after thawing allowing its use for artificial insemination (AI. On the basis ofsperm motility, concentration and alkaline phosphatase (AP activity in semenplasma it was possible to establish that AP activity corresponds with the basic factorof semen examination. Significant statistical differences occurred between thequality of ejaculates which were qualified or disqualified to deep freezing and AI.These results show that AP activity in raw dog semen plasma can be used as amarker for the dog semen qualification for deep freezing and AI with 95%probability of the prognosis of the results.

KOSINIAK-KAMYSZ K.

2007-01-01

45

Kualitas Semen Beku Kuda dalam Pengencer Susu Skim dan Dimitropoulos dengan Dimetilformamida Sebagai Krioprotektan  

OpenAIRE

Equine semen are far less tolerant in the freezing and thawing process than bull semen. The stallion spermatozoa are known susceptible to cold-shock relating with the content of their fatty acid on the plasma membrane. The extender is one of determining factors in the success of stallion semen cryopreservation, as an energy source and protector the cell from harmfull effect of cold shock. The common cryoprotective agent (CPA) for mammalian spermatozoa was glycerol, but for stallion semen cry...

Arifiantini, I.; Supriatna, I.; Aminah

2007-01-01

46

Proteomic analysis of seminal plasma from asthenozoospermia patients reveals proteins that affect oxidative stress responses and semen quality  

OpenAIRE

Asthenozoospermia (AS) is a common cause of human male infertility. In one study, more than 80% of the samples from infertile men had reduced sperm motility. Seminal plasma is a mixture of secretions from the testis, epididymis and several male accessory glands, including the prostate, seminal vesicles and Cowper's gland. Studies have shown that seminal plasma contains proteins that are important for sperm motility. To further explore the pathophysiological character of AS, we separated the s...

Wang, Jun; Wang, Jian; Zhang, Hua-rong; Shi, Hui-juan; Ma, Duan; Zhao, Hong-xin; Lin, Biaoyang; Li, Run-sheng

2009-01-01

47

Las proteínas del plasma seminal incrementan la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación del semen de toros Sanmartinero / Seminal plasma proteins increase the post-thaw sperm viability of Sanmartinero bull's semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal sobre el porcentaje de espermatozoides bovinos viables post-descongelación. Materiales y métodos. Los espermatozoides se congelaron usando dos medios (citrato-fructosa-yema y Bioxcell®) y la obt [...] ención de proteínas de plasma seminal de bajo peso molecular se realizó por medio de cromatografía líquida de baja presión. Las proteínas de interés eluyeron en las fracciones 21-25 y se sometieron a electroforésis en una y dos dimensiones. Los espermatozoides se incubaron a 37°C durante una hora, con 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 y 2.0 mg de la fracción 21-25. Se incluyeron dos tratamientos adicionales: uno con proteínas totales del plasma seminal y otro sin proteína. Resultados. La electroforésis bidimensional de las fracciones confirmó la presencia de siete puntos de proteína de bajo peso molecular (14-16 kDa y punto Isoeléctrico de 5.0 - 5.5). La adición de estas proteínas aumentó 20% (p Abstract in english Objective. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of the addition of proteins on the post-thawing viability of spermatozoa. Materials and methods. Spermatozoa were frozen with two different media: Citrate-fructose and Bioxcell®. The isolation of seminal plasma proteins of low molecular weig [...] ht was performed through low pressure liquid chromatography. It was determined that the proteins of interest eluted in fractions 21-25, and two dimensional electrophoresis was performed. Thawed sperm was incubated at 37°C for one hour with 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2.0 mg of 21-25 fraction protein. Two additional treatments were included: one with seminal plasma total protein, and another one without protein. Results. Two dimensional electrophoresis of protein confirmed the presence of two bands of 14 and 16 kDa and seven spots with iso-electric points between 5.0 - 5.5 respectively. Incubation of the spermatozoa with the 21-25 fraction showed that sperm viability increases by 20% with doses of 1 and 1.5 mg of protein/106 spermatozoa in the citrate-fructose medium, and 25% with 0.5 mg of protein/106 spermatozoa in Bioxcell® medium. A positive effect in sperm viability was demonstrated although it depends on the doses of protein and the cryopreservation medium used. Conclusions. This investigation suggests that the use of seminal plasma proteins can be useful for reducing the harmful effect on sperm cryopreservation.

Fabián, Rueda A; Tatiana, Garcés P; Rocío, Herrera L; Luis, Arbeláez R; Miguel, Peña J; Henry, Velásquez P; Aureliano, Hernández V; Jaime, Cardozo C.

2013-01-01

48

Comparative study of heparin-binding proteins profile of Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) semen  

OpenAIRE

Aim: The experiment was conducted to study the total seminal plasma protein (TSPP) and heparin-binding proteins (HBPs) in relation to initial semen quality of buffalo bull. Materials and Methods: Semen from two Murrah buffalo bulls (bull no. 605 and 790) with mass motility of ?3+ were used for the study and categorized into three groups (Group I- Mass motility 3+, Group II- Mass motility 4+ and Group III- Mass motility 5+). Seminal plasma from semen was separated by centrifugation. HBPs ...

Ramteke, S. S.; Shende, A. M.; Rajoriya, J. S.; Barik, N. C.; Megha Pande; Bhure, S. K.; Das, G. K.; Ghosh, S. K.; Prasad, J. K.

2014-01-01

49

Concentration of blood and seminal plasma elements and their relationships with semen parameters in men with spinal cord injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship of calcium, magnesium, zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) concentrations in blood and seminal plasma on sperm parameters of spinal cord-injured (SCI) men and of normal controls was determined. The study included 93 SCI men and 145 neurologically intact men. Colorimetric and flame atomic absorption spectrophotometers were used. Seminal Zc and Cu had a relationship with sperm motility in SCI men. PMID:19143726

Salsabili, N; Mehrsai, A R; Jalaie, S

2009-02-01

50

Semen collection using phantom in dromedary camel.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen collection is relatively long, unsafe, and tedious procedure in dromedary camel. The innovation of safe, hygienic, and simple approach to collect semen could make great progress in development of AI program in this species. This study investigated two methods of semen collection using phantom and artificial vagina in dromedary camel. Semen was collected using phantom (n = 4 bulls; 26 collections) and artificial vagina (n = 6 bulls; 11 collections) and diluted with INRA96 at the ratio of 1:10. The duration of semen collection, semen parameters, and morphometric features of sperm were evaluated. For specimen collected through phantom and AV, the respected duration of semen collection (411.2 ± 48.19 vs 326 ± 37.05 sec), volume (6.6 ± 0.87 vs 6 ± 1.57 ml), osmolarity (328 ± 1.6 vs 319.4 ± 3.21 mOsm/kg H2O), pH (7.7 ± 0.06 vs 7.9 ± 0.16) of semen, concentration (161.4 ± 44.05 × 10(6)/mL vs 160.2 ± 58.42 × 10(6)/mL), total motility (84.1 ± 1.89 vs 78.3 ± 3.97%), progressive forward motility (45.5 ± 3.69 vs 44.3 ± 6.41%), live percentage (72.2 ± 3.11 vs 76 ± 2.53%), and plasma membrane integrity (61.5 ± 2.49 vs 58.9 ± 4.19%) of sperm were similar (P > 0.05). The number of specimens contaminated with visible particles was greater using AV (72.7%) compared to phantom (0%; P < 0.05). Total length, head, middle-piece, and tail length of sperm were 45.9 ± 0.1, 5.6 ± 0.01, 7 ± 0.02, and 34.2 ± 0.16 ?m, respectively. The frequency of abnormal sperm was 13.28% among which coiled tail, detached head, and proximal protoplasmic droplets had greater incidence. In conclusion, phantom could be considered as a suitable approach to collect semen due to simplicity, safety, and lack of specimen contamination in dromedary camel. PMID:25449548

Ziapour, S; Niasari-Naslaji, A; Mirtavousi, M; Keshavarz, M; Kalantari, A; Adel, H

2014-12-10

51

Semen Analysis Test  

Science.gov (United States)

... before the sample is collected. Longer periods of abstinence may result in a greater volume of semen ... illness, poor overall health, obesity, certain medications, and drug abuse may also decrease sperm production and fertility. For ...

52

Reproduction in nondomestic birds: Physiology, semen collection, artificial insemination and cryopreservation  

Science.gov (United States)

Pioneering work by Quinn and Burrows in the late 1930s led to successful artificial insemination (AI) programs in the domestic poultry industry. A variety of species specific modifications to the Quinn and Burrows massage technique made AI possible in nondomestic birds. Massage semen collection and insemination techniques span the entire range of species from sparrows to ostriches. Also, cooperative semen collection and electroejaculation have found limited use in some nondomestic species. Artificial insemination produces good fertility, often exceeding fertility levels in naturally copulating populations. However, aviculturists should explore other ways to improve fertility before resorting to AI. Artificial insemination is labor intensive and may pose risks to nondomestic birds as well as handlers associated with capture and insemination. Semen collection and AI makes semen cryopreservation and germ plasma preservation possible. Yet, semen cryopreservation techniques need improvement before fertility with frozen-thawed semen will equal fertility from AI with fresh semen.

Gee, G.F.; Bertschinger, H.; Donoghue, A.M.; Blanco, J.; Soley, J.

2004-01-01

53

Aluminum content of human semen: implications for semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

A deterioration of human semen quality has been observed over recent decades. A possible explanation could be an increased exposure to environmental pollutants, including aluminum. Our aim was to measure the aluminum concentration in the semen of 62 patients and to carry out a preliminary evaluation on its impact on specific semen parameters. For each patient, semen analyses were performed according to WHO guidelines. A graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry method was used to determine semen aluminum concentration. A cytological analysis using an aluminum-specific fluor, lumogallion, was also performed. The mean aluminum concentration in human semen was 339 ?g/L. Patients with oligozoospermia had a statistically higher aluminum concentration than others. No significant difference was observed for other semen parameters. Cytological analysis showed the presence of aluminum in spermatozoa. This study provided unequivocal evidence of high concentrations of aluminum in human semen and suggested possible implications for spermatogenesis and sperm count. PMID:25461904

Klein, J P; Mold, M; Mery, L; Cottier, M; Exley, C

2014-12-01

54

Butylated hydroxytoluene inclusion in semen extender improves the post-thawed semen quality of Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was carried out to evaluate the potential impact of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the frozen-thawed semen quality of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. Ejaculated bull semen was extended in a Tris-citrate egg yolk extender containing various concentrations of BHT (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0mM). Semen was frozen at -196 degrees C using 50 x 10(6) spermatozoa per 0.5 mL straws. Five straws from each treatment were thawed to assess the semen quality in terms of sperm motility, viability, plasma membrane integrity and acrosomal integrity. Post-thawed sperm motility was determined using a phase-contrast microscope. Viability, plasma membrane integrity and acrosomal integrity were evaluated by the supravital staining, hypo-osmotic swelling test and normal acrosomal reaction, respectively. The highest (Pbuffalo bulls. PMID:19246080

Ijaz, A; Hussain, A; Aleem, M; Yousaf, M S; Rehman, H

2009-05-01

55

Increase in post-thaw viability by adding seminal plasma proteins to Sanmartinero and Zebu sperm / Aumento da viabilidade espermática pós-descongelamento, com a adição de proteínas do plasma seminal de sêmen de touros das raças Sanmartinero e Zebu / Incremento en la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación por la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal a semen de toros Sanmartinero y Cebú  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Antecedentes: a criopreservação diminui a viabilidade espermática abaixo de um 50%. Objetivo: o objetivo desta pesquisa foi determinar o efeito da adição de proteínas do plasma seminal na viabilidade espermática pós-descongelamento de sêmen de touros das raças Sanmartinero y Zebú. Métodos: coletou-s [...] e sêmen de 10 touros de cada raça, as amostras do plasma seminal foram submetidas à eletroforese bidimensional, para estabelecer a relação entre a quantidade relativa de cada ponto de proteína e a viabilidade espermática. Ao serem identificados os pontos, o plasma seminal também foi submetido ao processo de cromatografia por exclusão para separar a fração que continha as proteínas. A fração foi adicionada nas doses de 0,5, 1,0, 1,5 y 2,0 mg, amostras de 1 x 106 espermatozoides, em descongelamento e incubados à temperatura de 37 ° C durante 1 hora, para determinar o efeito na viabilidade pós-descongelamento. Os espermatozoides foram congelados utilizando dois meios (Citrato- frutose-gema e Bioxcell®). Resultados: encontrou-se um ponto de proteína (16,20 kDa, ponto Isoelétrico 5,5) no plasma de touro Sanmartinero, que correlacionou (r=0,64 p Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: la criopreservación disminuye la viabilidad espermática por debajo del 50%. Objetivo: el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar el efecto de la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal sobre la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación de semen de toros Sanmartinero y Cebú. Méto [...] dos: se colectó semen de 10 toros de cada raza, y el plasma seminal se sometió a electroforesis bidimensional, para establecer la relación entre la cantidad relativa de cada punto de proteína y la viabilidad espermática. Identificados dichos puntos, el plasma seminal se sometió a cromatografía de exclusión para separar la fracción que contenía estas proteínas. Esta se adicionó en dosis de 0,5, 1,0, 1,5 y 2,0 mg, a muestras de 1 x 10(6) espermatozoides, descongelados e incubados a 37 °C durante 1 hora, para determinar su efecto en la viabilidad post-descongelación. Los espermatozoides se congelaron usando dos medios (citrato-fructosa-yema y Bioxcell®). Resultados: se encontró un punto de proteína (16,20 kDa, punto Isoeléctrico 5,5) en plasma de toros Sanmartinero, que correlacionó (r = 0,64 p Abstract in english Background: cryopreservation decreases sperm viability by approximately 50%. Objective: the objective of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of seminal plasma proteins on post-thawing sperm viability in Sanmartinero and Zebu semen. Methods: semen samples from 10 bulls of each bree [...] d were used, and seminal plasma was subjected to two-dimensional electrophoresis to establish the relationship between the relative amount of each protein spot and sperm viability. Then, seminal plasma was subjected to exclusion chromatography to separate the fraction containing these proteins. This fraction was added in doses of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg, to 1 x 10(6). Sperm was thawed and incubated at 37 °C for 1 h to determine its effect on postthaw viability. Sperm were frozen using two media (citrate-fructose-yolk and Bioxcell®). Results: we found one protein spot (16.20 kDa, PI 5.5) in Sanmartinero seminal plasma that correlated (r = 0.64 p

Fabián L, Rueda; Rocío F, Herrera; Luis F, Arbeláez; Tatiana, Garcés; Henry, Velasquez; Miguel A, Peña; Jaime A, Cardozo.

2013-06-01

56

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen...SEMEN Certain Animal Semen § 98.34 Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen...first apply for and obtain from APHIS an import permit. The application...

2010-01-01

57

Cryopreservation of canine semen - new challenges.  

Science.gov (United States)

Egg yolk (EY) protects cell membranes against cold shock, and it prevents or restores the loss of phospholipids from the membrane. EY has been widely used in semen extenders. It has been added to Tris-Glucose buffer and has been widely used for cooling and cryopreservation of canine semen. EY is not a defined entity, but a complex biological compound containing proteins, vitamins, phospholipids, glucose and antioxidants which are all potentially useful for cell membrane integrity. Unfortunately, it also is a biologically hazardous compound. Hence, whole EY needs to be replaced by other chemically defined components for semen processing in dogs. Freezing poor semen does not improve its quality, so attention must be focused on how to cope with dogs whose semen does not freeze well, and on designing individual freezing extenders for semen from such males. Furthermore, differences have been found among canid species in the ability of their spermatozoa to withstand freezing. There are differences in sperm membrane fatty acid composition among species, which may explain part of these differences. If the presence of long-chained polyunsaturated fatty acids contributes to increased membrane fluidity, this relationship may be biphasic, i.e. either too much membrane fluidity, or too little, could compromise successful sperm cryopreservation. An increase in fluidity of the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane has been shown in frozen thawed dog spermatozoa. The protective effect of exogenous lipids may lie in close association with the membrane rather than in modification or rearrangement of the membrane. This also points at lipids as an important, if not entirely new group of substances, which may substitute standard EY-based diluents in preserving sperm survival during freezing. EY-derived phospholipids or lecithin could be used to replace whole EY. Vegetable lecithin is currently investigated to avoid using substances of animal origin. EY also contains antioxidants which prevent cells from oxidative damage due to the generation of reactive oxygen species. An increasing number of publications now recognize the significance of protecting sperm from this damage during processing by using dietary or diluent supplemented antioxidants. This paper aims at looking at some of the new challenges in freezing of dog semen. PMID:19754599

Farstad, W

2009-07-01

58

Between male variation in semen characteristics and preliminary results on the dilution of semen in the ostrich  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This study is part of an ongoing project on artificial insemination in ostriches. The physical output of neat semen from four ostrich males was investigated and the effect of reconstituting semen with: 1) seminal plasma of the same male (SPS); 2) seminal plasma of another male (SPD), and 3) Dulbecco [...] 's Modified Eagles Medium (DMEM). Semen was collected daily from one or two pairs of males using the dummy female method, each pair being replicated twice. Spermatozoa viability in neat semen, SPS, SPD and DMEM was assessed using nigrosin-eosin staining and the proportions of live normal, live abnormal and dead sperm were determined. Semen volume (mean ± SE) was 1.27 ± 0.13 mL, the concentration of spermatozoa 3.68 ± 0.17 x 10(9) /mL and the number of spermatozoa 4.92 ± 0.64 x 10(9) /ejaculate. Furthermore, the live normal, live abnormal and dead spermatozoa in the neat semen were 61.2 ± 4.5%, 21.2 ± 2.7% and 17.7 ± 4.3% respectively. The ejaculate volume and the number of dead spermatozoa were not affected by collection time. However, the number of live abnormal spermatozoa increased through the day causing a reduction in live normal spermatozoa. Furthermore, re-suspending spermatozoa in DMEM reduced the number of live normal (31.4 ± 4.6%) and live abnormal spermatozoa (11.0 ± 2.7%) and increased the number of dead spermatozoa (57.6 ± 4.4%). In contrast, numbers of live spermatozoa were higher when suspended in seminal plasma and similar in SPS (53.9 ± 4.6%) and SPD (50.7 ± 4.6%). These are the first crucial steps to determining the optimum semen collection time and to improving the viability of diluted spermatozoa.

M., Bonato; P.K., Rybnik; I.A., Malecki; C.K., Cornwallis; S.W.P., Cloete.

59

Presence of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in human semen: evidence of correlation with semen characteristics.  

Science.gov (United States)

11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD), the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of biologically active glucocorticoids to their inactive metabolites, was shown to be located exclusively in Leydig cells of the rat testis, and its appearance was associated with the developmental rise in testosterone. Thus, 11 beta-HSD was suggested to play an important role in maintaining steroidogenesis by inactivating excess cortisol that inhibits testosterone production. Whether equivalent protection from glucocorticoids excess is necessary for spermatogenesis is not known, and we have, accordingly, investigated the 11 beta-HSD activity in ejaculated human semen. Both 11 beta-dehydrogenase (11 beta-DH) and 11 beta-oxoreductase (11-OR) activities of 11 beta-HSD were measurable in semen, although seminal plasma was devoid of 11 beta-HSD activity. Azoospermic specimens were associated with low 11 beta-dehydrogenase activity, indicating the presence of enzyme activity in cells other than spermatozoa. Pure spermatozoa separated on percoll gradient could oxidize corticosterone in the presence of NAD or NADP. Significantly higher 11 beta-DH activity is associated with semen specimens with low sperm count (p semen and its association with sperm characteristics thus suggests functional role for glucocorticoid exclusion in the sperm maturation process. PMID:9071740

Nacharaju, V L; Muneyyirci-Delale, O; Khan, N

1997-03-01

60

Sperm ubiquitination in epididymal feline semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ubiquitin is a 8.5-kDa peptide that tags other proteins for proteasomal degradation. It has been proposed that ubiquitination might be responsible for the elimination of defective spermatozoa during transit through the epididymis in humans and cattle, but its exact biological function in seminal plasma has not yet been clarified. In the domestic cat (Felis catus), the percentage of immature, unviable, and abnormal spermatozoa decreases during the epididymal transit, indicating the existence of a mechanism that removes defective spermatozoa. Magnetic cell separation techniques, based on the use of magnetic beads coated with anti-ubiquitin antibodies, may allow the selective capture of ubiquitinated spermatozoa from semen, thus contributing to the identification of a potential correlation between semen quality and ubiquitination process. Moreover, the selective identification of all the ubiquitinated proteins in different epididymal regions could give a better understanding of the ubiquitin role in feline sperm maturation. The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to verify the possibility of separating ubiquitinated spermatozoa with magnetic ubiquitin beads and identify the morphological and acrosomal differences between whole sample and unbound gametes, (2) to characterize all the ubiquitinated proteins in spermatozoa retrieved in the three epididymal regions by a proteomic approach. The data indicated the presence of ubiquitinated proteins in cat epididymal semen. However, a correlation between abnormal and ubiquitinated spermatozoa has not been found, and ubiquitin cannot be considered as a biomarker of quality of epididymal feline spermatozoa. To the author's knowledge, this is the first identification of all the ubiquitinated proteins of cat spermatozoa collected from different epididymal regions. The proteomic pattern allows a further characterization of cat epididymal semen and represents a contribute to a better understanding of the ubiquitin role in feline sperm maturation. PMID:24999010

Vernocchi, Valentina; Morselli, Maria Giorgia; Varesi, Sara; Nonnis, Simona; Maffioli, Elisa; Negri, Armando; Tedeschi, Gabriella; Luvoni, Gaia Cecilia

2014-09-01

61

Relationship of semen hyperviscosity with IL-6, TNF-?, IL-10 and ROS production in seminal plasma of infertile patients with prostatitis and prostato-vesiculitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Changes in levels of oxidative damage products in semen and their relationship to seminal fluid viscosity (SFV) have recently received increasing research interest. We analysed whether SFV was associated with ROS generation, levels of cytokines TNF-alpha (TNF-?), IL-6 and IL-10 and seminal leucocyte concentration, and whether ROS production was related to the extent of infections/inflammations at one (prostatitis) or two (prostato-vesiculitis) male accessory glands. We studied 169 infertile patients, with chronic bacterial prostatitis (PR, n = 74) and/or bilateral prostato-vesiculitis (PV, n = 95), as diagnosed by the ultrasound (US) criteria. Healthy fertile men (n = 42) served as controls. In the PV patient group, SFV, semen characteristics and ROS production had median values that were significantly higher than those found in PR patients and controls, although other sperm variables had values significantly lower than those found in PR patients or controls. In PV infertile patients, ROS generation and pro-inflammatory cytokines levels were higher than those found in PR infertile patients and controls, although seminal IL-10 levels in PV and PR patients were lower than those found in the controls. In PR patients, the levels of SFV were positively related to TNF-? (r = 0.67; P < 0.01), fMLP-stimulated ROS production in the 45% Percoll fraction (r = 0.687, P < 0.01) and the 90% Percoll fraction in basal condition (r = 0.695, P < 0.01), and after fMLP-stimulation (r = 0.688, P < 0.01). Thus, our data indicated that seminal hyperviscosity is associated with increased oxidative stress in infertile men and increased pro-inflammatory interleukins in patients with male accessory gland infection, more when the infection was extended to the seminal vesicles. PMID:24329571

Castiglione, R; Salemi, M; Vicari, L O; Vicari, E

2014-12-01

62

Cryopreservation of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) semen in Bioxcell extender.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to compare commercially available extender Bioxcell with tris-citric egg yolk extender for post thaw quality and in vivo fertility of buffalo semen. For comparison of post thaw semen quality: semen was collected from five adult Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls of similar age group with artificial vagina (at 42 degrees C) for three weeks (replicates). Qualifying ejaculates having motility >60% from each buffalo bull were divided in two aliquots and diluted (at 37 degrees C having 50 x 10(6) spermatozoa/ml) in tris-citric egg yolk or Bioxcell extender. Diluted semen was cooled to 4 degrees C in 2 hours, equilibrated for 4 hours and filled in 0.5 ml straws. Semen straws were kept over liquid nitrogen vapors (5 cm) for 10 minutes. Straws were then plunged and stored in liquid nitrogen (-196 degrees C). After 24 hours of storage, semen straws were thawed at 37 degrees C for 30 seconds to assess sperm motility, viability, plasma membrane integrity, normal apical ridge, and abnormalities (head, mid piece, and tail). For comparison of in vivo fertility: semen from two buffalo bulls of known fertility was cryopreserved in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell as described earlier, and used for inseminations under field conditions. Post-thaw percentage of sperm motility (45.3 +/- 1.1, 45.0 +/- 1.4), viability (66.2 +/- 1.1, 64.4 +/- 1.3) plasma membrane integrity (60.4 +/- 1.2, 59.2 +/- 1.4) and normal apical ridge (82.9 +/- 0.5, 80.7 +/- 0.5) did not differ (P > 0.05) in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell extender, respectively. Similarly, sperm abnormalities of head (1.20 +/- 0.1, 1.20 +/- 0.1), mid piece (0.67 +/- 0.1, 0.87 +/- 0.1) and tail (11.7 +/- 0.2, 11.6 +/- 0.3) remained similar (P > 0.05) in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell extender, respectively. In vivo fertility rates of buffalo semen cryopreserved in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell also remained similar (44% vs. 47%). It is concluded that commercially available Bioxcell may be used for the cryopreservation of buffalo semen with an equal efficiency to tris-citric egg yolk extender. PMID:20570331

Akhter, S; Ansari, M S; Rakha, B A; Andrabi, S M H; Iqbal, S; Ullah, N

2010-10-01

63

Relative levels of semen platelet activating factor-receptor (PAFr) and ubiquitin in yearling bulls with high content of semen white blood cells: implications for breeding soundness evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

High content of the platelet activating factor (PAF) and its plasma membrane receptor (PAFr) in semen is thought to benefit fertility in farm animals and humans. We used flow cytometric, biochemical, and immunocytochemical analysis to examine PAFr levels alone (Trial 1, n = 156 bulls) or in a dual assay with sperm defect marker ubiquitin (UBI; Trial 2, n = 88 bulls), in semen samples from 160 yearling bulls undergoing Breeding Soundness Evaluations (BSE). In both trials, we observed increased PAFr levels in semen samples with high content of white blood cells (WBC). Consequently, PAFr levels within such semen samples correlated negatively with several subjective parameters of BSE, including palpation, satisfaction of evaluation, and scrotal circumference. Due to a high WBC content, increased semen sample dilution had to be applied for microscopic evaluation. There was a negative correlation between semen PAFr and conventional sperm morphology, while the increased levels of PAFr correlated positively with sperm UBI content. Immunofluorescence microcopy revealed high expression of PAFr on the surface of leukocytes and morphologically normal spermatozoa, while reduced immunoreactivity was observed in defective spermatozoa immunoreactive to anti-UBI antibodies. A single PAFr band of appropriate mass was observed in Western blots of ejaculated spermatozoa, while testicular and epididymal spermatozoa also displayed several larger bands indicative of posttranslational processing or modification. Collectively, these data suggest that high levels of semen PAFr in young bulls are indicative of semen contamination with WBC. In the future, objective protein marker-based semen analyses in young bulls will likely require additional parameters distinguishing between marker expression in the spermatozoa and in the contaminating WBC. While identification of high sperm PAFr levels may support fertility, this assay alone is not reliable, due to the expression of PAFr in WBC that contaminate semen samples. PMID:16928895

Sutovsky, P; Plummer, W; Baska, K; Peterman, K; Diehl, J R; Sutovsky, M

2007-01-01

64

Effect of the acidic buffer 2-(N-Morpholino) ethanesulfonic acid on frozen-thawed bull semen  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the current study was to determine if frozen-thawed bull semen can be treated with the acidic buffer MES (2-[N- morpholino] ethanesulfonic acid) without any detrimental effect on the motility, plasma membrane, acrosomal membrane and longevity of sperm. Frozen bull semen was obtained from a local co-operative. The semen was frozen in 0.25 mL French straws at a concentration of 80 x 106 sperm cells per millilitre. Semen of two different batches from ten bulls of four different breeds...

Botha, Alma Ester

2009-01-01

65

The utility of nanowater for ram semen cryopreservation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nanowater (NW; water declusterized in the low-temperature plasma reactor) has specific physicochemical properties that could increase semen viability after freezing and hence fertility after artificial insemination (AI) procedures. The main goal of this study was to evaluate ram semen quality after freezing in the media containing NW. Ejaculates from 10 rams were divided into two equal parts, diluted in a commercially available semen extender (Triladyl®; MiniTüb GmbH, Tiefenbach, Germany) prepared with deionized water (DW) or NW, and then frozen in liquid nitrogen. Semen samples were examined for sperm motility and morphology using the sperm class analyzer system and light microscopy. Cryo-scanning electron microscopy (cryo-SEM) was employed to determine the size of extracellular water crystals in frozen semen samples. Survival time at room temperature, aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) concentrations post-thawing as well as conception/lambing rates after laparoscopic intrauterine AI of 120 ewes were also determined. There were no significant differences between DW and NW groups in sperm progressive motility (26.4?±?12.2 and 30.8?±?12.4%) or survival time (266.6?±?61.3 and 270.9?±?76.7?min) after thawing and no differences in the percentages of spermatozoa with various morphological defects before or after freezing. There were, however, differences (P?semen samples post-thawing. Extracellular water crystals were larger (P?semen (58.3%), and the percentages of ewes that carried lambs to term were 73.3% and 45.0% in NW and DW groups, respectively (P?semen extender prepared with NW was associated with a substantial improvement in the fertilizing ability of frozen-thawed ram semen and lamb productivity of inseminated ewes. PMID:25491414

Murawski, Maciej; Schwarz, Tomasz; Grygier, Joanna; Patkowski, Krzysztof; Oszcz?da, Zdzis?aw; Jelkin, Igor; Kosiek, Anna; Gruszecki, Tomasz M; Szymanowska, Anna; Skrzypek, Tomasz; Zieba, Dorota A; Bartlewski, Pawel M

2014-12-01

66

Avian artificial insemination and semen preservation  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary: Artificial insemination is a practical propagation tool that has been successful with a variety of birds. Cooperative, massage, and electroejaculation and modifications of these three basic methods of semen collection are described for a variety of birds. Semen color and consistency and sperm number, moti!ity, and morphology, as discussed, are useful indicators of semen quality, but the most reliable test of semen quality is the production of fertile eggs. Successful cryogenic preservation of avian semen with DMSO or glycerol as the cryoprotectant has been possible. Although the methods for preservation require special equipment, use of frozen semen requires only simple insemination supplies

Gee, G.F.

1983-01-01

67

Changes in turkey semen lipids during liquid in vitro storage.  

Science.gov (United States)

The changes in lipid composition of spermatozoa and seminal plasma and changes in motility, viability, and morphological integrity of spermatozoa were measured in turkey semen diluted in Beltsville poultry semen extender and stored for 48 h (4 degrees C). The total phospholipid content of spermatozoa decreased during storage, while no quantitative decrease was observed in seminal plasma. More precisely, significant decreases in phosphatidylcholine, and to a lesser extent in sphingomyeline, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylinositol were observed in spermatozoa. The fatty acid profile of turkey spermatozoa partly reflected diet composition and had a high level of n-9 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Neither fatty acid profile nor free cholesterol were affected by storage. The lipid composition of seminal plasma was quite different from that observed in spermatozoa and was similar to the high density lipoprotein composition of chicken seminal plasma. In vitro storage did not significantly affect lipid classes and only small changes were observed in phospholipid classes of seminal plasma. The motility, viability, and morphological integrity of spermatozoa decreased during storage. These changes in phospholipid content may be explained by membrane phospholipid lysis followed by endogenous metabolism or by a complex combination of lysis, metabolism, and peroxidation. They are likely to affect semen quality and the success of in vitro storage severely. PMID:11058551

Douard, V; Hermier, D; Blesbois, E

2000-11-01

68

Kualitas Semen Beku Kuda dalam Pengencer Susu Skim dan Dimitropoulos dengan Dimetilformamida Sebagai Krioprotektan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Equine semen are far less tolerant in the freezing and thawing process than bull semen. The stallion spermatozoa are known susceptible to cold-shock relating with the content of their fatty acid on the plasma membrane. The extender is one of determining factors in the success of stallion semen cryopreservation, as an energy source and protector the cell from harmfull effect of cold shock. The common cryoprotective agent (CPA for mammalian spermatozoa was glycerol, but for stallion semen cryopreservation, dimethyl formamide (DMF was more suitable. This research was conducted to compare the success of the stallion semen cryopreservation in skim milk and dimitropoulos (DV extender with DMF as cryoprotectant. Semen from three sexualy mature stallions was collected twice a week using an artificial vagina. Semen was evaluated macro- and microscopically and then divided into two tubes, diluted each of them with skim milk dan DV extender (1:1, centrifuged at 3 000 rpm for 15 minutes. The supernatant was removed and the pellet (spermatozoa was re-diluted in skim DMF (SDMF and DVDMF extender with the concentration of spermatozoa was 200x106 ml-1. The semen then packed in 0.3ml minitub straw equilibrated for two hours at 4-5oC and frezee in liquid N2 vapor for 10 minutes. The assessment of sperm quality was conducted based on the percentage of sperm motility and viability. In this research, post-thawed semen in DVDMF showed the percentages of the motility (36.2% and the viability (59.3% higher (P<0.05 than SDMF (28.5 and 48.0 %. In conclusion, the DVDMF extender provided better post-thawed semen quality than SDMF.

I. Arifiantini

2007-08-01

69

Associations between dietary patterns and semen quality in men undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: This study investigates whether dietary patterns, substantiated by biomarkers, are associated with semen quality. METHODS: In 161 men of subfertile couples undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment in a tertiary referral clinic in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, we assessed nutrient intakes and performed principal component factor analysis to identify dietary patterns. Total homocysteine (tHcy), folate, vitamin B12 and B6 were measured in blood and seminal plasma. Semen quality wa...

Vujkovic, M.; Vries, J. H. M.; Dohle, G. R.; Bonsel, G. J.; Lindemans, J.; Macklon, N. S.; Spek, P. J.; Steegers, E. A. P.; Steegers-theunissen, R. P. M.

2009-01-01

70

ULTRASTRUCTURAL AND ANNEXIN V-DETECTED DAMAGES IN RAM FROZEN-THAWED SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

Semen cryopreservation and thawing processes may cause damage to sperm membrane structures, which can leads to lower viability and motility of post-thaw sperm. The aim of this study was to examine ultastructural alterations and membrane destabilization in frozen-thawed ram semen. Ultrastructural alterations were detected using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Analyzed sperm heads were classified into 4 categories: I - sperm with intact plasma membrane and intact acrosome; II - sperm wi...

Eliška Špaleková; Alexander Makarevich2; Elena Kubovi?ová; Juraj Pivko

2013-01-01

71

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen. 98.34...Department will permit collection of semen to be initiated at the beginning...dogs and cats). Raw animal food wastes (garbage) shall not...animals offered for collection of semen must be given an...

2010-01-01

72

Total Antioxidant Capacity and Lipid Peroxidation in Semen of Patient with Hyperviscosity  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen hyperviscosity (SHV) is one of the factors involved in deficiency in sperm function. This research aimed to evaluate seminal plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in infertile patients with hyperviscous and non-hyperviscous semen samples to understand whether hyperviscous semen is associated with oxidative damage in infertile subjects. In this cross sectional study, 59 semen samples were provided by fertile (n=12) individuals as control, infertile patients with normal viscosity (n=25) and infertile patients with hyperviscosity (n=22). After semen parameters examination, semen viscosity was studied by glass pipettes. Seminal plasma TAC and MDA levels were measured by ferric reducing of antioxidant power (FRAP) and thiobarbituric acid reaction (TBAR) methods, respectively. A probability less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant throughout the article. The mean of sperm parameters including: counts, motility and normal morphology in patients with hyperviscosity were significantly lower than those in non-hyperviscosity patients (p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). The mean of seminal plasma TAC value in seminal plasma of non-hyperviscosity patients (1710.31 ± 458.67 µmol/l) was significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of hyperviscosity group (1230.25 ± 352 µmol/l). A trend toward a higher mean of seminal plasma MDA value was estimated for hyperviscous group compared with non-hyperviscous (1.01 ± 0.41 nmol/ml vs. 0.94 ± 0.28 nmol/l); however, it was nonsignificant. Hyperviscous semen impairs seminal plasma TAC which is eventually associated with sperm membrane lipid peroxidation.

Layali, Issa; Tahmasbpour, Eisa; Joulaei, Manijeh; Jorsaraei, Seyed Gholam Ali; Farzanegi, Parvin

2015-01-01

73

Banking North American buffalo semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to develop a procedure to collect and preserve semen from wood bison (Bison bison athabascae) and plains bison (Bison bison bison). Semen samples from three wood and three plains bison bulls were collected by electroejaculation from June through October. In addition, sperm was collected from the cauda epididymis of seven plains bison. Semen was cryopreserved using two commercially available cryopreservation media, an egg yolk-based medium (Triladyl), and a medium free of products of animal origin (Andromed). Sperm morphology and motility were recorded on fresh and post-thawed semen samples. Total sperm motility was not different between plains and wood bison for the months of June (50%), July (69%) and October (54%). However, total sperm motility for wood bison was higher (Pbison for the months of August and September (August: 80% vs 55%; September: 73% vs 40%). Plains and wood bison did not differ in mean total and mean progressive motility (35 and 15%, respectively) of frozen-thawed sperm samples. The post-thaw motility of Triladyl-treated sperm was higher (Pbison semen, and cryopreserved it for future needs. PMID:19181375

Lessard, C; Danielson, J; Rajapaksha, K; Adams, G P; McCorkell, R

2009-04-15

74

Histochemical demonstration of zinc ions in ejaculated human semen  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A revised in-vitro technique for autometallographic demonstration of chelatable zinc in the human ejaculate is presented, and the localization of the loosely bound pool of zinc ions is described in semen smears and at the ultrastructural level. In semen smears, black autometallographic (AMG) grains indicated the presence of zinc ions dispersed between the spermatozoa. These AMG grains have the same size as grains associated with the sperm tail and may have the same origin. EM analysis of AMG-developed smears fixed in osmium suggested that the detected zinc ions might be related to huge protein molecules present in semen and adhering to the surface of the spermatozoa. Spermatozoa in AMG-stained smears exhibited zinc ions in the midpiece and head, and also joined to the membrane of the tail. Washed spermatozoa exhibited zinc ions only within the midpiece. Ultrastructurally, they were found located in the helecine mitochondria. A few grains were found in the acrosome of the washed spermatozoa. Treatment with thechelating agent DEDTC resulted in complete bleaching of the zinc staining. These findings and the fact that calcium EDTA acid blocks the plasma and surface staining, but not the acrosomal and mitochondrial staining, suggest that chelatable zinc ions exist in two separate pools in human semen.

Stoltenberg, M; SØrensen, M B

1997-01-01

75

Fertility and uterine hemodynamic in cows after artificial insemination with semen assessed by fluorescent probes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fluorescent probes (propidium iodide, Hoechst 33342, fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Pisum sativum agglutinin, and 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethylbenzimidazolcarbocyanine iodide) were used to simultaneously evaluate the integrity of plasma and acrosomal membranes as well as mitochondrial membrane function in cryopreserved bovine semen and to verify its influence on fertility and postinsemination uterine vascularization. One hundred eighty-two Nellore cows were distributed for artificial insemination (AI) using semen batches separated according to the cell percentage presenting intact plasma membrane, intact acrosome, and high mitochondrial function (IPIAH): group G (44.5% IPIAH, n = 68), group M (23.0% IPIAH, n = 56), and group R (8.5% IPIAH, n = 58). The uterine hemodynamic was evaluated by Doppler sonogram in three periods: 30 hours before AI, 4 and 24 hours after AI were considered the resistance index and the uterine vascularization score. The pregnancy rate of group G (64.7%) was greater (P > 0.05) compared with group R (36.2%), but both did not differ from group M (50.0%). There was no effect (P > 0.05) of semen quality on uterine vascularization. Greater vascularization was noticed 4 hours after AI than 30 hours before and 24 hours after AI. Semen evaluation using fluorescent probes contributes to predicting fertilizing potential of semen. The use of semen with less percentage of IPIAH sperm does not alter uterine hemodynamic in cows. PMID:25023296

Oliveira, Bruna Marcele; Arruda, Rubens Paes; Thomé, Helder Esteves; Maturana Filho, Milton; Oliveira, Guilherme; Guimarães, Carina; Nichi, Marcílio; Silva, Luciano Andrade; Celeghini, Eneiva Carla Carvalho

2014-09-15

76

Efecto de dos métodos de congelación sobre la viabilidad espermática de semen de verraco / Effect of two freezing methods on sperm viability of boar semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dos métodos de congelación sobre la viabilidad espermática de semen de verraco. Se utilizaron seis eyaculados (dos por macho), de tres verracos adultos de las razas Hampshire, Duroc y Landrace. Se evaluó el volumen, motilidad y concentración [...] espermática de cada eyaculado. Posteriormente, el semen fue diluido con solución BTS (Beltsville Thawing Solution) y centrifugado a 1500 rpm por 10 min para retirar el plasma. El pellet (porción espermática) obtenido fue extendido con dilutor de congelación (A y B), enfriado y equilibrado a 5 °C por 2 horas previas a la congelación. El semen equilibrado fue criopreservado usando dos métodos de congelamiento: a) en pellets colocando alícuotas de 0.25 ml de semen equilibrado en agujeros preparados en la superficie del bloque de hielo seco manteniéndolo por 2 min y luego vertiéndolo al nitrógeno líquido; y b) en pajillas de 0.5 ml, exponiéndolas al vapor de nitrógeno líquido a 7 cm de altura por 10 min (dentro de una caja de tecnopor) para luego verterlas al nitrógeno liquido. No se encontró diferencias significativas entre la motilidad individual y proporción de espermatozoides vivos del semen congelado en pellets (40.1 y 48.8%) vs. pajillas (34.5 y 40.7%), respectivamente. Abstract in english The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of two freezing methods on the spermatic viability of boar semen. Six collects (2 ejaculates per male) of three adult boars (Hampshire, Duroc and Landrace) were used. Immediately after the collection, volume, motility and spermatic concentr [...] ation of each ejaculate were evaluated. Then, the semen was diluted with BTS solution (Beltsville Thawing Solution) and centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 10 min for plasma withdrawal. The pellet (spermatic portion) was diluted with freezing dilutor (A and B), cooled and equilibrated at 5 °C for two hours before freezing. The equilibrated semen was cryopreserved using two freezing methods: a) in pellets placing 0.25 ml aliquota of semen in holes prepared on the surface of a dry ice block for 20 min and then, pouring them in liquid nitrogen; and b) in straws of 0.5 ml exposing them at 7 cm over liquid nitrogen steam for 10 min (in a styrofoam box). The results showed no statistically differences amongst individual motility and live spermatozoa percentage in semen frozed in pellets (40.1 and 48.8%) as compared to straws (34.5 and 40.7%).

Mateo, Carpio C.; José, Cadillo C.; Edwin, Mellisho S..

2008-01-01

77

Effects of seasons on some semen parameters and bacterial contamination of Awassi ram semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of season on some semen parameters and bacterial contamination of Awassi ram semen. Semen samples from six mature Awassi rams were used in this study. Semen collection was performed with artificial vagina every week, from September 2009 to October 2010. Volume, sperm concentration, mass motility, individual motility, percentage live sperm and sperm abnormalities were evaluated. Moreover, determination of viable bacterial count of the rams was also recorded weekly. Higher (p semen volume in the hot summer and spring months was observed of August (1.55 ± 0.08 ml) and March (1.27 ± 0.15 ml). Sperm concentration was highest (p ram semen quality, and summer high temperature in northern Iraq has no effect on Awassi ram semen. There is a significant effect of season on bacterial count on Awassi ram semen. PMID:21883516

Azawi, O I; Ismaeel, M A

2012-06-01

78

Bull semen quality parameters and impact of exogenous factors on semen quality  

OpenAIRE

Use of quality sires in the artificial insemination of cattle leads to the increased production in cattle breeding. In EU countries and the countries which cooperate in semen trade with EU countries bulls’ health status and minimal criteria for semen quality are regulated by law. Bull semen quality is influenced by several exogenous factors. Semen quality parameters are influenced by season. The highest values of ejaculate volume and total sperm output we...

Snoj Tomaž

2014-01-01

79

Single semen analysis as a predictor of semen quality: clinical and epidemiological implications  

OpenAIRE

It is generally thought that a single ejaculate is a bad predictor of semen quality of a subject, because of significant intra-individual variation. Therefore, we investigated the degree to which the results of a first semen analysis differ from that of a second analysis among men from a general population in Norway. In addition, we analysed how the two different semen results mirrored the overall semen quality assessment. A total of 199 volunteers participated in the study and delivered two ...

Rylander, Lars; Wetterstrand, Boel; Haugen, Trine B.; Malm, Gunilla; Malm, Johan; Bjørsvik, Cathrine; Henrichsen, Trine; Sæther, Thomas; Giwercman, Aleksander

2009-01-01

80

Comparative studies on bull and stallion seminal DNase activity and interaction with semen extender and spermatozoa.  

Science.gov (United States)

We performed a series of comparative studies of bull and stallion seminal plasma (SP) and its role on sperm-neutrophil binding as well as the interaction between semen extender and seminal DNase. Because of contrasting roles of SP on sperm-neutrophil binding between horses and cattle, it was suspected there were some species-specific differences on sperm interaction with SP proteins due to the variations in the natural location of semen deposition (uterus compared to vagina). Bull frozen-thawed sperm removed from egg yolk extender showed similar results to fresh sperm, but this also caused extensive sperm agglutination unless SP or egg yolk was included. If similar agglutination occurs after AI with frozen bull semen, it could interfere with sperm transport or sperm functions. Commonly used bull semen extenders were poor media for seminal DNase activity on plasmid DNA degradation, raising the prospect that the same may be true with other SP factors important to fertility. DNase activity per mg SP protein of bulls was less than that of horses (Psemen and introducing SP into the uterus of cattle with current AI protocols may contribute to reduced fertility. Modifications of semen extender and/or semen processing should be examined to allow sperm cells a maximum potential for fertilization. PMID:20638801

Alghamdi, Abdorrahman S; Funnell, Bethany J; Bird, Scott L; Lamb, G Cliff; Rendahl, Aaron K; Taube, Patrick C; Foster, Douglas N

2010-09-01

81

Collection of semen by manual stimulation and ejaculate characteristics of the black flying-fox (Pteropus alecto).  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen collection and preservation is the first step toward the development of an artificial insemination program in endangered Pteropus spp. Semen was collected by manual stimulation from a single "human-habituated" P. alecto. Manual stimulation resulted in the successful collection of motile spermatozoa on 17 of 34 attempts. The semen had a pH of 8.2 (n=2). With the exception of volume, seminal characteristics (concentration, motility, acrosome and plasma membrane status) were similar to those collected previously by electro-ejaculation. Zoo Biol 27:159-164, 2008. (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. PMID:19360614

Melville, Debbie F; Crichton, Elizabeth G; Paterson-Wimberley, Trish; Johnston, Steve D

2008-03-01

82

Evaluation of superoxide dismutase activity and its impact on semen quality parameters of infertile men.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evaluation of superoxide dismutase (SOD activity, as one of the most important antioxidative defence enzymes, in seminal plasma of patients consulting for male infertility was presented in the article. The study included also the determination of its influence on selected human semen quality parameters. The material represents semen samples obtained from 15 men, which were divided into two groups: Group I (n=10 including patients consulting for infertility and Group II (n=5 containing healthy sperm donors as a control. All of the semen samples were cryopreserved and stored in liquid nitrogen. The frozen samples were thawed at the same time and then SOD activity was determined spectrophotometrically. The analysis of the investigations results indicates a significantly lower semen SOD activity detected in oligoasthenozoospermic patients, comparing to the activity found in normospermic men. The study showed a positive correlation between SOD activity in seminal plasma and semen quality parameters--sperm concentration and overall motility, which are regarded as the most important for normal fertilizing ability of the spermatozoa. Significantly lower SOD activity in seminal plasma of infertile patients, comparing to healthy sperm donors, as well as positive correlation and beneficial impact of SOD activity on human semen quality parameters seem to confirm the observations, that decreased seminal plasma scavenger antioxidant capacity, particularly in form of low SOD activity, can be responsible for male infertility. This trial shows that SOD activity survey in seminal plasma could be a useful tool for determining sperm fertilization potential and could improve the diagnosis of male infertility.

Jolanta Saczko

2008-04-01

83

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...section have been met. (d) Sheep and goat semen from regions where scrapie exists. Importation of semen of sheep and goats is subject to the requirements in...Applications for a permit to import sheep and goat semen must include statements...

2010-01-01

84

The measurement of reactive oxygen species in human neat semen and in suspended spermatozoa: a comparison  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background It is generally accepted that oxidative stress is an important factor in male infertility because it may impair the physiological function of spermatozoa at the molecular level. Nevertheless, although several approaches have been reported, the imbalance between production of reactive oxygen species (ROS and activity of the antioxidant defense system in semen is difficult to investigate and remains poorly understood. Methods This study compares measurement of ROS production in neat semen and in washed spermatozoa obtained from the same ejaculate, and suspended in phosphate buffered saline using exactly the same luminol-mediated chemiluminescence method. Ninety one samples were obtained from males of infertile couples and 34 from volunteers with proven fertility. Results As expected, ROS levels were markedly lower in neat semen than in washed spermatozoa suspensions where seminal plasma with its potent antioxidant capacity was removed. In the cases of both neat semen and washed spermatozoa, ROS production was lowest in samples from normozoospermic males and highest in samples containing more than half million peroxidase-positive leukocytes per milliliter. For all samples, there was a significant positive correlation between ROS production by neat semen and that by washed spermatozoa suspension. Conclusion Measurement of ROS production in neat semen better reflects actual oxidative status because it detects only the overproduction of ROS which are not effectively scavenged by antioxidant capacity of seminal fluid. The results of our study show a good commutability of both measurements for identification of semen samples with high ROS production. The measurement in neat semen is even less time consuming and therefore easier to implement into laboratory routine.

Brezinova Jana

2009-10-01

85

Application of techniques for sperm selection in fresh and frozen-thawed stallion semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this research was to improve the techniques in processing chilled and frozen-thawed horse semen. In a preliminary experiment (Exp. I), different techniques for sperm selection and preparation [Swim-up, Glass wool (GW) filtration, Glass wool Sephadex (GWS) filtration; Percoll] were tested for their suitability for equine spermatozoa and results were compared with the routine procedure by dilution (Exp. I). In the main experiment (Exp. II), two sperm preparation techniques (GWS, Leucosorb) refering to the results of Exp. I and a previous study of our group (Pferdcheilkunde 1996 12, 773) were selected for processing complete ejaculates either for cooled-storage or cryopreservation. In a third experiment (Exp. III), pregnancy rates from inseminations with semen processed according to the techniques tested in Exp. II were compared with those obtained with semen processed according to routine procedures. In Exp. I (six stallions, six ejaculates/stallion), between 48 and 92% of spermatozoa were lost following the different sperm selection procedures (p stallions, three ejaculates/stallion) Leucosorb and GWS procedures allowed the filtration of large volumes (extended ejaculates) for routine laboratory practice. GWS and Leucosorb filtration resulted in increased motility, membrane integrity and sperm viability after storage of spermatozoa until 48 h at +5 degrees C when compared with control (diluted) and centrifuged semen (p stallion semen without centrifugation for removal of seminal plasma. The per cycle conception rate of inseminated mares using 200 x 106 pms transferred within 8 h after collection of semen was not affected by GWS filtration or Leucosorb separation when compared with centrifugation (n.s.; Exp. III). In conclusion, GWS and Leucosorb filtration results in the improvement of semen quality and should be considered as a method for stallion semen processing. Additional studies are needed for the evaluation of potentially higher fertilizing ability of stallion spermatozoa separated by techniques for sperm selection. PMID:12654024

Sieme, H; Martinsson, G; Rauterberg, H; Walter, K; Aurich, C; Petzoldt, R; Klug, E

2003-04-01

86

Semen Allergy Manifesting As Chronic Pruritus Vulva  

OpenAIRE

A young woman of 24 with personal and family history of atopy development pruritus vulva each time after sexual intercourse with her husband. History of urticaria of sites of contact with semen on her thighs gave suspicion of contact urticaria. Positive wheal and flare response to pin prick test with semen, excellent therapeutic response to topical steroid and oral Cetirizine and non- recurrence of the problem after using condom by her husband confirmed the diagnosis of semen allergy.

Pavithran K

1997-01-01

87

Therapeutic donor insemination with frozen semen.  

OpenAIRE

Although it is now accepted that cryopreserved semen must, on ethical and medicolegal grounds, be used for donor insemination many clinicians still believe that it has an unacceptably reduced fecundability rate as compared with fresh semen. We studied the outcome of 81 recipients who started therapeutic donor insemination (TDI) treatment during 1986 in a program that used exclusively cryopreserved semen; 55 had never undergone TDI and were receiving the first series (six cycles), 6 were recei...

Scott, S. G.; Mortimer, D.; Taylor, P. J.; Leader, A.; Pattinson, H. A.

1990-01-01

88

Semen Allergy Manifesting As Chronic Pruritus Vulva  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A young woman of 24 with personal and family history of atopy development pruritus vulva each time after sexual intercourse with her husband. History of urticaria of sites of contact with semen on her thighs gave suspicion of contact urticaria. Positive wheal and flare response to pin prick test with semen, excellent therapeutic response to topical steroid and oral Cetirizine and non- recurrence of the problem after using condom by her husband confirmed the diagnosis of semen allergy.

Pavithran K

1997-01-01

89

The effect of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation of rams on semen quality and subsequent quality of liquid stored semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation of rams on semen quality and subsequent sperm function of liquid stored semen. Mature rams of proven fertility were individually housed and were blocked according to breed, body weight, and body condition score and randomly allocated within block to one of two dietary treatments (N = 7 per treatment). Rams were offered a base diet of hay and concentrate, with the concentrate enriched with either: (1) saturated palmitic acid (CON) or (2) high n-3 PUFA fish oil (FO) supplements. Both lipid supplements were added at 2% (wt/wt) of the total diet as fed and both were partially rumen-protected. The animals were fed their respective diets for a total of 9 weeks and blood samples were collected on weeks 0 (pre-experimental), 4, and 9, relative to initial allocation of diet (week 0), for measurement of plasma concentration of fatty acids, metabolites, insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and insulin. Semen was collected from each ram (on 1 day in each week) in weeks 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9, and each ejaculate was assessed for volume, wave motion, and concentration of sperm, after which it was diluted in a skim milk-based extender and stored at 4 °C. A second ejaculate was collected on weeks 4, 7, and 9, centrifuged, and the sperm frozen for subsequent lipid analysis. A sample of semen from each ram was assessed at 24, 48, and 72 hours after collection for sperm progressive linear motion, ability to penetrate artificial mucus, and the ability to resist lipid peroxidation (at 24 and 48 hours only) using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances assay. There was no effect of diet on plasma insulin concentrations or on any of the metabolites measured, however, there was a diet by week interaction for plasma IGF-1 concentration (P rams having higher IGF-1 concentrations on week 9 compared with the control treatment (P rams (P rams supplemented with FO yielded a higher semen concentration (P semen quality parameters including semen volume, wave motion, progressive linear motion, ability to penetrate artificial mucus, or ability to resist lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of rams with n-3 PUFA successfully increased the n-3 PUFA content of plasma and sperm but has limited effects on the quality of liquid stored semen. PMID:24100164

Fair, S; Doyle, D N; Diskin, M G; Hennessy, A A; Kenny, D A

2014-01-15

90

Biokompatibilitas Semen Zinc Oxide Eugenol  

OpenAIRE

Bahan kedokteran gigi hams memenuhi syarat biokompatibilitas yang dapat diterima tubuh atau dengan kata lain tidak membahayakan dalam penggunaannya. Idealnya bahan yang diletakkan dalam rongga mulut tidak membahayakan jaringan pulpa dan jaringan lunak rongga mulut, tidak mengandung bahan toksik yang mampu berdifusi dan dapat diabsorpsi ke dalam sistem sirkulasi tubuh yang akhirya menyebabkan reaksi toksik yang sistemik. Semen zinc oxide eugenol dengan kandungan utamanya zinc oxide dan e...

Trisna Wahyudi

2008-01-01

91

The Viability of Local Ram Semen in Tris Buffer With Three Different Egg Yolks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Egg yolk consisted of lecithin and phospholipids are one of the most commonly used components that will protect spermatozoa against cold shock during cooling and freezing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different hen egg yolk on Tris extender on the freezability of local ram semen. Semen from six sexually matured local rams was collected weekly using artificial vagina. Collected semen was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically and extended using tris extender consisted of 20% (v/v regular egg yolk (TRCEY, native egg yolk (TNCEY, omega-3 hen egg yolk (TOEY and 6% (v/v glycerol. Those were packed in 0.25 ml straws, equilibrated at 5oC for 3 hours, frozen and stored in nitrogen tank for 24 hours, and thawed at 37oC for 30 second. The result of the experiment showed that there were no significant differences on the sperm motility and the number of living sperm. Percentage of plasma membrane intact in TOEY (60.3% was significantly higher compared to TREY (56.9% and TNEY (55.6%. In conclusion, the addition of omega 3 egg yolk in Tris extender protects plasma membrane better than the regular or native hen egg yolk. (Animal Production 13 (1:39-44 (2011Key Words: ram semen, egg yolk, frozen semen

WMM Nalley

2011-01-01

92

Assessment of semen quality in Swamp Buffalo AI Bulls in Thailand  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Characteristic of Thai swamp buffalo bulls semen used for artificial insemination (AI in Thailand, aspects relevance in freezing and thawing of semen are review. Semen and sperm characteristics were evaluated included sperm count, motility (assessed subjectively and by CASA, morphology (using phase-contrast light microscopy and SEM, plasma membrane integrity (PMI (using a hypo-osmotic swelling test [HOST] and SYBR- 14/propidium iodide [PI], plasma membrane stability (PMS (using Annexin-V/PI and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA integrity (using SCSA and flow cytometry [FCM]. The average ejaculate volume was about 3.0–4.0 mL, with good viability (PMI measured by the HOST and motility (>65% and >70%, respectively. Sperm concentration ranged from 1.1 to 1.2 billion/mL, being also affected by bull age. Whereas semen quality (including sperm output, pH and initial sperm motility did not differ between the seasons. Few spermatozoa (<15%/ ejaculate had abnormal morphology with abnormalities resembling those in other bovidae. In FT semen, PMI (using SYBR-14/PI and PMS were highest in winter. Across seasons, ~50% of post-thaw spermatozoa depicted linear motility, a proportion that decreased to ~35% during incubation (38oC for 60 minutes, without marking any seasonal difference. The sperm DNA was hardly damaged (with <3% fragmentation, expressed as DNA fragmentation index [DFI], among seasons.

S. Koonjaenak

2010-02-01

93

The Sperm Quality Index from Fresh Semen Predicts Chicken Semen Quality after Storage  

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Full Text Available The Sperm Quality Index (SQI is correlated with fresh broiler breeder semen quality. Our objective was to determine if the SQI from semen prior to storage is predictive of semen quality after storage. Prior to semen dilution, sperm concentration, viability, and SQI were determined for each male`s neat semen sample. Each ejaculate was then diluted 1:1 with Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender and maintained at 4oC on a rotary shaker for 16 h. After semen dilution, sperm concentration, viability, and SQI were obtained at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 16 h. The SQI increased from 0 to 4 h of storage then decreased in a quartic fashion as storage time further increased (r2=0.83. There was a linear decrease in sperm viability as storage time increased (r2=0.87. There was a negative relationship for the SQI from fresh semen with percentage of dead sperm over storage period yielding correlation coefficients ranging from r= -0.88 to -0.55. Over storage, positive correlation coefficients for the SQI from fresh semen with live sperm concentration ranged from 0.47 to 0.61. There were also strong positive correlations for percentage of dead sperm and live sperm concentration from fresh semen with their respective semen characteristic at each storage period (r=0.81 to 0.97 and r=0.80 to 0.96, respectively. There was a strong positive relationship for SQI from fresh semen with the SQI over storage (r=0.88 to 0.94. In conclusion, the SQI from semen prior to storage is predictive of chicken semen quality through 16 h of storage.

P.R. Dumpala

2006-01-01

94

Caracterização de proteínas do plasma seminal e sua relação com parâmetros de qualidade do sêmen criopreservado em ovinos Characterization of seminal plasma proteins and its relationship with quality parameters of frozen semen in ram  

OpenAIRE

Os objetivos deste trabalho foram analisar o perfil proteico do plasma seminal ovino e identificar proteínas relacionadas com a congelabilidade do sêmen que possam ser utilizadas como marcadores para essa característica. Foram utilizados os ejaculados de cinco reprodutores, nos quais foram realizadas avaliações espermáticas e dos quais os plasmas seminais obtidos por centrifugação foram submetidos à eletroforese bidimensional em gel de poliacrilamida. Foram identificados 92 spots, co...

Priscilla Pereira Moura; Maurício Machaim Franco; Thiago Antônio de Souza Nascimento Silva; Thales Lima Rocha; Diogo Ramos Leal; Pedro Ivo Braga Passos; Jairo Pereira Neves

2010-01-01

95

Effects of Different Levels of Pigeon Egg Yolk in Extenders on the Post-Thaw Semen Quality of Sahiwal Bulls  

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Full Text Available In this study, effects of replacing chicken egg yolk (CEY with pigeon egg yolk (PEY in extenders on post-thaw semen quality in Sahiwal bulls were investigated. Attempts were also made to see if post thaw semen quality was affected by reducing PEY level in the extender. Twenty four semen samples were diluted with five Tris-based extenders. Extender A contained 20% CEY and was used as control, while extenders B, C, D and E contained 5, 10, 15 and 20% PEY, respectively. After freezing and storage for 24 hrs in liquid nitrogen, these samples were evaluated for post-thaw semen quality parameters.The difference in post extension sperm motility between extenders A (20% CEY and E (20% PEY was non significant. Post extension sperm motility decreased as the level of PEY in the extender was decreased. A similar trend was recorded for post thaw sperm motility, livability, absolute index of livability and sperm with intact plasma membrane. The percentages of spermatozoa with abnormal head, or tail were lower (P<0.01 in control extender A and extender E compared to extenders B, C and D. However, for abnormal mid-piece, extenders A and E showed lower values than extender C only. It was concluded that replacing CEY with PEY in same concentration (20% did not improve post thaw semen quality. Moreover, reducing the concentration of PEY in semen extender from 20 to 5% had adverse effects on post-thaw quality of Sahiwal bull semen.

Hafez Jamil-ur-Rahman, Nazir Ahmad*, Najib-ur-Rahman, Salman Waheed, Maqbool Ahmad, Muhammad Younis1 and Tanveer Ahmad2

2012-06-01

96

Effect of straw size and thawing time on quality of cryopreserved buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to compare the effect of straw size (0.25 vs. 0.5 ml) and thawing time (30 vs. 60 sec) on the quality of cryopreserved buffalo bull semen. Sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity and viability were higher (p ? 0.05) in 0.25 ml than 0.5 ml straw, thawed at 37°C either for 30 or 60 sec. In conclusion, cryopreservation of buffalo semen in 0.25 ml straw resulted in a higher post-thaw quality. PMID:21455280

Ansari, Muhammad S; Rakha, Bushra A; Andrabi, Syed M H; Akhter, Shamim

2011-03-01

97

[The influence of centrifugation on quality and freezability of stallion semen].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of various centrifugation methods on sperm loss and quality of frozen-thawed semen. From at a total of 8 Warmblood stallions of the National Stud Farm in Avenches, 3 ejaculates each were collected and seminal plasma was removed using 3 different centrifugation regimes. In method I (reference method) centrifugation occurred by a speed of 600 x g during 10 minutes. In method II 1000 x g was used during 2 minutes while in method III centrifugation was performed by 2000 x g during 2 minutes. After centrifugation 90%, of the supernatant was removed and sperm loss calculated. After resuspension of the pellet with freezing medium, functional membrane integrity was evaluated by HOS-test and motility determined. In frozen-thawed semen motility, viability as well as functional membrane integrity (HOS-test) and acrosome status using chlortetracyclinassay (CTA) were assessed. Our results demonstrate that mean sperm loss (I, 1.9%; II, 8.7%; III, 3.7%) was significantly (P semen quality of frozen-thawed semen, HOS in method III (52.1%) was significantly lower than in methods I (55.5%) and II (55.3%). Evaluation of the acrosome status by CTA showed that more than 70% of sperm cells were capacitated and 25% capacitated and acrosome reacted. From our results we conclude that sperm loss and functional membrane integrity (HOS-test) in frozen-thawed semen were significantly influenced by the centrifugation regime. Therefore, stallion semen should be centrifuged at 600 x g during 10 minutes before freezing in order to obtain low sperm loss and a good quality of frozen-thawed semen. PMID:15248348

Weiss, S; Janett, F; Burger, D; Hässig, M; Thun, R

2004-06-01

98

Naturally and stimulated levels of reactive oxygen species in cooled stallion semen destined for artificial insemination.  

Science.gov (United States)

The decrease in foaling rates after artificial insemination with cooled semen warrants the search for new predictors of fertility. The objectives were to investigate levels of naturally occurring reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cooled, stored stallion semen doses for artificial insemination (AI), and their relationship with parameters of semen quality and with pregnancy rate. Semen was collected from warmblood stallions (n=15) and used to prepare commercial semen doses for AI. Sperm quality was evaluated after cooled transport to the laboratory overnight. The results were correlated with observed foaling and pregnancy rates. Hydroethidine and dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate were used as indicators for the ROS superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, respectively. Sperm morphology, motility, plasma membrane integrity and chromatin integrity were also evaluated. These variables were correlated with each other and with pregnancy rates. We found a high inter-individual variation in the ROS levels between stallions. The proportion of live, hydrogen peroxide-negative spermatozoa was correlated with progressive motility, whereas live hydrogen peroxide-negative spermatozoa and chromatin damage were negatively correlated, indicating that low levels of hydrogen peroxide were correlated with good chromatin integrity. The percentage of dead hydrogen peroxide-positive sperm was negatively related to the foaling rate. The negative relationships were stronger when combining results from both assays for ROS. These results for stored semen samples indicate that high individual variation exists for superoxide and hydrogen peroxide measurements, and that ROS status can influence sperm quality. Thus, ROS may be some of the factors influencing fertility. Moreover, combinations of ROS variables improved the correlation with fertility, indicating the usefulness of including these variables in a future model for prediction of the fertility of a semen sample. PMID:24916995

Johannisson, A; Lundgren, A; Humblot, P; Morrell, J M

2014-10-01

99

Freezability, enzyme leakage and fertility of buffalo spermatozoa in relation to the quality of semen ejaculates and extenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Forty-eight semen ejaculates from four Surti buffalo bulls were studied under split sample technique to establish the effects of initial semen quality and tris fructose yolk glycerol (TFYF), egg yolk citrate glycerol (EYCG) and lactose yolk glycerol (LYG) extenders on the freezability, fertility (based on 3412 AI) and extracellular release of spermatozoal enzymes pre and postfreezing. The overall mean activity of GOT, GPT, AKP, ACP and LDH enzymes in the postthaw seminal plasma increased significantly (Psemen samples with an initial motility above 70% than in the 12 samples in which initial motility was between 60 and 70%. The effects of interactions between motility groups, diluents and freezing periods were statistically nonsignificant for both freezability and leakage of all five enzymes. Fertility rate of frozen semen produced in TFYG diluent was significantly (Psemen and the suitablity of extenders (TFYG) in the production of frozen buffalo bull semen for better fertility rates. PMID:16726888

Dhami, A J; Kodagali, S B

1990-11-01

100

Organic selenium supplementation increases PHGPx but does not improve viability in chilled boar semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated the effects of dietary organic selenium (Se) on viability of chilled boar semen. Twelve boars were divided into three groups: control (CON), 0.3 mg kg(-1) sodium selenite; inorganic (INO), 0.5 mg kg(-1) sodium selenite and organic (ORG), 0.5 mg kg(-1) Se yeast. The experiment was conducted within 10 weeks, and analysis was performed fortnightly, in storage semen by 72 h. No effect was observed on motility; however, straightness and linearity percentages were higher (P animals receiving CON diet compared with INO group. Percentages of cells with both plasma and acrosomal intact membranes, lipidic membrane peroxidation and mitochondrial membrane potential were similar on all treatments. Animals receiving CON diet presented higher (P animals that received ORG in comparison with INO group. In conclusion, organic selenium supplementation increases PHGPx but does not improve chilled semen viability in 72 h. PMID:24428535

Martins, S M M K; De Andrade, A F C; Zaffalon, F G; Bressan, F F; Pugine, S M P; Melo, M P; Chiaratti, M R; Marino, C T; Moretti, A S; Arruda, R P

2015-02-01

101

Influence of repeated treadmill exercise on quality and freezability of stallion semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate changes of quality and freezability of stallion semen in response to repeated acute treadmill exercise. Ejaculates from 11 stallions were collected, evaluated and frozen weekly during four periods of 4 weeks each defined as before (period 1), during (period 2) and after (periods 3 and 4) intense exercise. In fresh semen the gel-free volume, sperm concentration, motility, normal sperm and sperm with major defects (acrosome defects, nuclear vacuoles, abnormal heads, midpiece defects and proximal droplets) were evaluated. In frozen-thawed semen, motility as well as viability (SYBR-14/PI) were examined. In period 2, all stallions were exercised on an indoor high speed treadmill twice a week (total of eight sessions) using an incremental workload test. Heart rate was monitored telemetrically during exercise and blood samples were taken for determination of cortisol, testosterone and lactate. Results of our investigation demonstrate that heart rate and the plasma concentrations of cortisol, testosterone and lactate significantly (P frozen-thawed semen, motility was significantly lower in period 2 (45.4+/-2.3%) compared to period 4 (51.6+/-1.7%) and viability was significantly lower in period 2 (49.2+/-2.0%) than in periods 1 (53.8+/-2.1%) and 4 (53.7+/-1.6%). Our results clearly demonstrate that in the stallion repeated strenuous treadmill exercise can negatively influence semen quality and freezability. PMID:16246408

Janett, F; Burkhardt, C; Burger, D; Imboden, I; Hässig, M; Thun, R

2006-06-01

102

Potential factors affecting semen quality in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the major obstacles in using artificial insemination to manage genetics of elephant population in captivity is the large variations in semen quality among ejaculates within the same and among individuals. The objectives of this study were to determine the influences of (1 age (2 seasonality (3 and circulating testosterone (SrTest, triiodothyronine (SrT3 and tetraiodothyronine (SrT4, as well as seminal (4 testosterone (SpTest, zinc (SpZn and protein (SpTP on semen quality in the Asian elephant Methods Analyses, including motility, viability and morphology were performed in semen samples collected twice monthly from 13 elephant bulls (age range, 10-to 72-years by manual stimulation between July 2004 and June 2005. Serum samples obtained monthly were assessed for SrTest, SrT3, SrT4, and seminal plasma samples were evaluated for, SpTest, SpZn and SpTP. Results The highest semen quality was observed at age 23 to 43 years. Percentages of progressive motility and viable sperm were lowest at age 51 to 70 years (P Conclusion This study indicates that age and seasonality had influence on semen characteristics in the Asian elephant. The knowledge obtained in this study will improve our understanding of the reproductive biology of this species.

Pongsopavijitr Pornsawan

2008-03-01

103

Reduction of concentrate for bovine sires: Influence on metabolic status and semen quality under production conditions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effects of reduced concentrate fed in rations of Holstein Friesian bulls for artificial insemination was evaluated with respect to metabolic status, sexual behaviour, semen production and semen quality during one year. In the first of two studies, twenty bulls were fed diets based on hay, green forage and concentrate according to the standard nutrient requirements for dairy cattle in artificial insemination centres. Bulls were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n = 10, control, 5 kg concentrate) and Group 2 (n = 10, experimental, 1 kg concentrate). Feed, blood semen samples were taken for bromatological analysis, metabolic profile and semen evaluation, respectively. Group 2 had lower plasma concentrations of urea (P<0.001), calcium (P<0.05) and phosphorous (P<0.01). Urea were below the reference range. Season of the year affected lipid metabolite concentrations (P<0.001) and osteotrophic minerals (P<0.05 to P<0.001). Group 2 had better production and quality of semen than did Group 1. In the second study, five bulls were fed as the experimental group in the first study. Time of sampling, season of the year and sire affected the hormonal secretion pattern (P<0.001). There were no differences in testoterone and LH plasma concentrations before and after mounting; however, cortisol concentrations showed a significant raise during the period of maximum excitation. Individual secretion patterns varied between bulls and were related to pathological morphology of reproducted to pathological morphology of reproductive and endocrine organs. The effect of sire was significant on all the indicators of the sperm production, except to percentage of live sperm. Season of the year significantly affected sperm concentration and number of doses of extended sperm produced. It is concluded that a reduction of concentrate in the diet did not affect the metabolic status, sexual behaviour, semen production or sperm quality of sires. 29 refs, 2 figs, 4 tabs

104

Effect of initial seminal plasma fructose concentration on goat semen storage at 5ºC / Efeito da concentração inicial de frutose sobre a conservação a 5 ºC do sêmen caprino  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Foram coletadas 24 amostras de sêmen caprino. Cada ejaculado foi dividido em 4 alíquotas, e foram diluídas em citrato-gema de ovo (CG), TRIS-gema de ovo (TG) e água de coco industrializada-gema de ovo (ACI-G), a quarta, foi centrifugada para determinação da concentração de frutose e atividade da FLA [...] 2 no PS. O sêmen foi conservado a 5 ºC e avaliado a fresco, 2, 24 e 48 h, em cada tempo foi avaliado o vigor, motilidade e alterações morfológicas. Os reprodutores foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo I-concentração de frutose >710 mg/dL e o grupo II-concentração de frutose Abstract in english Twenty-four goat semen samples were collected and divided into four aliquots, diluted with the citrate-egg yolk (CY), TRIS-egg yolk (TY) or industrialized coconut water with egg yolk (ICW-Y) extenders. The fourth aliquot was centrifuged to analyze fructose concentration and PLA2 activity on SP. The [...] semen was stored at 5ºC and evaluated at times fresh, 2, 24 and 48 h, in each time was evaluated the vigor, sperm motility and total morphological alterations. The animals were divided into two groups: group Ifructose concentration >710 mg/dL and group IIfructose concentration

B.G., Matos-Brito; I.C.S., Lima; J.F., Pereira; F.M., Barboza; M.A.B., Linard; G.V., Aguiar; A.G.V., Catunda; A.A.A., Moura; J.F., Nunes; A.C.N., Campos.

2013-03-01

105

Single semen analysis as a predictor of semen quality: clinical and epidemiological implications.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is generally thought that a single ejaculate is a bad predictor of semen quality of a subject, because of significant intra-individual variation. Therefore, we investigated the degree to which the results of a first semen analysis differ from that of a second analysis among men from a general population in Norway. In addition, we analysed how the two different semen results mirrored the overall semen quality assessment. A total of 199 volunteers participated in the study and delivered two semen samples with an interval of 6 months. The semen parameters were determined according to the World Health Organization (WHO) 1999 guidelines, which were also used to determine whether semen quality was normal or abnormal. In addition, the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) was determined using the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay. The two samples from each individual were very similar with regard to standard semen parameters and DFI (r(s:) 0.67-0.72), and there were no significant systematic differences between the two samples. The result of the first sample (normal/abnormal) was highly predictive of the overall conclusion based on the two samples (sperm concentration: in 93% of the cases (95% confidence interval [CI]: 89%-96%); sperm motility: in 85% of the cases (95% CI: 79%-89%); overall semen quality: in 85% of the cases (95% CI: 80%-90%). In epidemiological studies, one ejaculate is a sufficient indicator of semen quality in a group of subjects. In a clinical situation, when the question is whether the semen quality is normal or not, the first ejaculate will, in at least 85% of cases, give a correct overall conclusion. PMID:19823177

Rylander, Lars; Wetterstrand, Boel; Haugen, Trine B; Malm, Gunilla; Malm, Johan; Bjørsvik, Cathrine; Henrichsen, Trine; Saether, Thomas; Giwercman, Aleksander

2009-11-01

106

Artificial insemination of cranes with frozen semen  

Science.gov (United States)

For the first time (1978) artificial insemination (AI) with frozen greater sandhill crane (Grus canadensis tabida) semen resulted in fertile eggs and chicks. During the 2 year (1977-78) study, 6 of 27 eggs produced were fertile. Three chicks hatched. Semen samples used for insemination were frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen for two months or less. Recent improvements in the laboratory indicated that a more effective sample can be prepared and greater fertility rates should be expected.

Gee, G.F.; Sexton, T.J.

1979-01-01

107

Human semen assays for workplace monitoring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Decades of human semen studies have yielded compelling evidence that sperm can be used to access reproductive potential and diagnose pathology. With these studies as background, the small number of detailed semen studies of men exposed to physical and chemical agents point with optimism to the application of human semen assays as efficient, effective means to monitor for reproductive hazards in the workplace. Sperm are the most accessible of human gonadal tissue and provide a means of monitoring exposure induced changes in the human testes, changes which may result in infertility and increased frequencies of genetically abnormal gametes. The focus on semen has precipitated the development of new sperm bioassays which use older conventional andrological methods (i.e., sperm counts, motility, and morphology) as well as recently developed high speed flow and scanning methods for automated cytological analyses. The status of these sperm assays for workplace surveillance is reviewed, procedures are suggested with examples of use, and their effectiveness is evaluated. The available mouse models of induced semen changes are briefly described and the importance of these models for evaluating the genetic implications of findings in human semen is discussed

108

Update on sexed semen technology in cattle.  

Science.gov (United States)

The technology in current use for sexing sperm represents remarkable feats of engineering. These flow cytometer/cell sorters can make over 30 000 consecutive evaluations of individual sperm each second for each nozzle and sort the sperm into three containers: X-sperm, Y-sperm and unsexable plus dead sperm. Even at these speeds it is not economical to package sperm at standard numbers per inseminate. However, with excellent management, pregnancy rates in cattle with 2 million sexed sperm per insemination dose are about 80% of those with conventional semen at normal sperm doses. This lowered fertility, in part due to damage to sperm during sorting, plus the extra cost of sexed semen limits the applications that are economically feasible. Even so, on the order of 2 million doses of bovine semen are sexed annually in the United States. The main application is for dairy heifers to have heifer calves, either for herd expansion or for sale as replacements, often for eventual export. Breeders of purebred cattle often use sexed semen for specific matings; thawing and then sexing frozen semen and immediately using the few resulting sexed sperm for in vitro fertilization is done with increasing frequency. Beef cattle producers are starting to use sexed semen to produce crossbred female replacements. Proprietary improvements in sperm sexing procedures, implemented in 2013, are claimed to improve fertility between 4 and 6 percentage points, or about 10%. PMID:24680061

Seidel, G E

2014-05-01

109

Angka Konsepsi Hasil Inseminasi Semen Cair Versus Semen Beku pada Kuda yang Disinkronisasi Estrus dan Ovulasi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semen used for artificial insemination (AI can be prepared in different ways, fresh extended fresh or chilled, or frozen-thawed (FT. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the use of preserved semen to inseminate the oestrus mares. Nineteen mares were used in this research. The mares were synchronized with double injection of PGF2? 14 days apart. The follicle size was monitored using ultrasound scanner during the third day of oestrus, and 2500 IU hCG was administered at the same time. The AI was conducted 35 hours after hCG injection with total motile sperm 200x106 for chilled semen and 250-300x106 for frozen semen. The result demonstrated that the response of the oestrus with double injection of PGF2? was 73.7%. The conception rate (CR was 14.3% (1/7 with frozen semen and 42.9% (3/7 with chilled semen. It is concluded that AI with chilled semen resulted higher conception rate than frozen semen.

R. I. Arifiantini

2010-04-01

110

Influence of vedaprofen (Quadrisol) on quality and freezability of stallion semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) vedaprofen (Quadrisol) on quality and freezability of stallion semen. Experiments were performed using 22 Franches Montagnes stallions from the National Stud in Avenches (Switzerland) randomly divided into a control and test group. Vedaprofen was given orally to all stallions of the test group at the recommended therapeutic dose (initial dose of 2mg/kg followed by 1mg/kg body weight every 12h) for 14 days. Control animals received the same amount of carrier substance. During treatment, blood samples of five stallions in both test and control group were collected for PGF(2 alpha)-metabolite (PG-metabolite) determination. Ejaculates from all stallions were collected and cryopreserved weekly for 14 weeks from September to December. Concentrations of PG-metabolite, PGF and PGE were measured in the seminal plasma of ejaculates collected 2 weeks before, during and 2 weeks after treatment. In fresh semen the volume, concentration, motility and number of normal sperm and sperm with major defects (acrosome defects, abnormal heads, nuclear vacuoles, proximal droplets, midpiece defects) were evaluated. In frozen-thawed semen samples motility as well as viability (SYBR-14/PI) were tested and the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS) was performed. Results demonstrate that vedaprofen had no effect on blood plasma concentration of PG-metabolite but significantly inhibited both, PGF and PGE concentrations in seminal plasma. Furthermore, all quality parameters in fresh and frozen-thawed semen were not affected by vedaprofen treatment but the time of semen collection had a significant (Psemen. PMID:15955550

Janett, F; Aebi, L; Burger, D; Imboden, I; Hässig, M; Kindahl, H; Thun, R

2005-11-01

111

Fertility of frozen-thawed stallion semen cannot be predicted by the currently used laboratory methods.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the project was to use current simple and practical laboratory tests and compare results with the foaling rates of mares inseminated with commercially produced frozen semen. In Exp. 1, semen was tested from 27 and in Exp. 2 from 23 stallions; 19 stallions participated in both experiments. The mean number of mares per stallion in both experiments was 37 (min. 7, max. 121). Sperm morphology was assessed and bacterial culture performed once per stallion. In Exp. 1, progressive motility after 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 h of incubation using light microscopy, motility characteristics measured with an automatic sperm analyzer, plasma membrane integrity using carboxyfluorescein diacetate/propidium iodide (CFDA/PI) staining and light microscopy, plasma membrane integrity using PI staining and a fluorometer, plasma membrane integrity using a resazurin reduction test, and sperm concentration were evaluated. In Exp. 2, the same tests as in Exp. 1 and a hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) using both light microscopy and a fluorometer were performed immediately after thawing and after a 3-h incubation. Statistical analysis was done separately to all stallions and to those having > or = 20 mares; in addition, stallions with foaling rates or = 60% were compared. In Exp. 1, progressive motility for all stallions after a 2-4-h incubation correlated with the foaling rate (correlation coefficients 0.39-0.51), (p stallions with > 20 mares, the artificial insemination dose showed a correlation coefficient of -0.58 (p semen, since the 2 experiments yielded conflicting results, although the same stallions sometimes participated in both. This shows the difficulty of frozen semen quality control in commercially produced stallion semen, and on the other hand, the difficulty of conducting fertility trials in horses. PMID:16987393

Kuisma, P; Andersson, M; Koskinen, E; Katila, T

2006-01-01

112

Correlation of phthalate exposures with semen quality  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Phthalates are widely used man-made chemical released in the environment and human exposure is mainly through diet. As the phthalate plasticizers are not covalently bound to PVC, they can leach, migrate or evaporate into the environment and as a result have become ubiquitously contaminants. The present study investigates the correlation, if any, between the phthalate esters (DEP, DEHP, DBP, DMP, DOP) and sperm mitochondrial status, ROS, LPO, SCSA, and sperm quality. The study was conducted in the urban/rural population of Lucknow visiting Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, CSMMU, Lucknow. Semen analysis was performed according to the WHO guidelines while phthalate analysis by HPLC and LPO by spectrophotometer and the sperm mitochondrial status, ROS, SCSA using flow cytometry. The questionnaire data showed no significant difference in the demographic characteristics among the groups. In general, urban population was found to have statistically significant higher levels of phthalate esters than the rural. Further, infertile men showed statistically significant (p < 0.05) higher levels of pollutants in the semen than fertile men. A negative correlation between semen phthalate level viz DEHP and sperm quality and positive association with depolarized mitochondria, elevation in ROS production and LPO, DNA fragmentation was established. The findings are suggestive that phthalates might be one among the contributing factors associated with the deterioration in semen qualiated with the deterioration in semen quality and these adverse effects might be ROS, LPO and mitochondrial dysfunction mediated

113

Relationship between Thyroid Profile and Semen Quality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Endogenous hormones are critical to spermatogenesis and maintenance of male reproductive function. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH, inhibin B and testosterone all serve important and well-known functions in the male hypothalamopituitary-gonadal axis and male reproduction. However, the potential relationship between other hormones, including thyroid hormones, and semen quality are still not completely understood. Thus in the present study an attempt has been made to report the degree of associations between thyroid hormones and semen quality. Methods: Fifty-five men were recruited from an infertility clinic between August 2010 to May 2011. Fresh semen samples were assessed for quality (concentration, motility and morphology and the serum levels of Tetraiodothyronine (T4, Triiodothyronine (T3, and Thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH were measured. Result & Conclusion: We have found that though men with abnormal semen profile had higher total T3, T4 concentrations and lower TSH concentrations compared to those with normal semen profile, only T4 showed significant increase and further it was found that only total T4 was significantly associated with asthenozoospermia. Further studies and observation are needed on a larger number of patients, to validate the correlation with Thyroid status and to justify the trial of a small dose of anti-thyroid drug in asthenozoospermic patients.

Manoj kumar Sharma, Deepak Parchwani, Pankaj Maheria, Amit Upadhyah

2012-01-01

114

Effects of Exogenous Glutathione Supplementation in Biocell® Extender on Quality of Cryopreserved Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis Semen  

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Full Text Available The study was designed to investigate the effect of exogenous glutathione supplementation in soybean based extender Bioxcell® extender on post thaw semen quality of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis. Split pooled ejaculates (n = 6, possessing >70% visual sperm motility were extended at 37°C with different levels of glutathione (0.0, 0.5, 1 and 2 mM in Bioxcell® extender. Semen was cooled to 4°C in 2 h, equilibrated at 4°C for 4 h, filled in 0.5 mL straws and frozen in a programmable cell freezer before plunging into liquid nitrogen. Thawing of frozen semen was performed after 72 h at 37°C for 30 sec. Sperm motion characteristics, viability, plasma membrane integrity, acrosome morphology of each semen sample immediately after thawing and incubation for 2 h were assessed by using Computer assisted semen analyzer (SCA, eosin-nigrosin staining, Hypo Osmotic Swelling (HOS assay and phase contrast microscope, respectively. Results revealed that the addition 0.5 and 1.0 Mm of glutathione in Bioxcell® extender did not present any significant effect on overall and progressive motility as well as sperm motility characteristics (VAP, VSL, VCL, LIN and ALH, compared to the control groups (p>0.05. Immediately after thawing the proportion of post thaw sperm viability, plasma membrane integrity and normal apical ridge remained similar in all groups. However, glutathione supplementation of the extender with 2.0 mM concentration decreased sperm motility, viability at 0 and 2 h after thawing in a dose dependent manner compared to the control (p0.05. These results revealed that supplementation of the new commercial in soybean based extender Bioxcell® with glutathione did not improve sperm post thaw motility or acrosomal integrity.

Tohid Rezaei Topraggaleah

2012-01-01

115

Effect of Addition of Taurine on the Liquid Storage (5°C) of Mithun (Bos frontalis) Semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of taurine on sperm motility, viability, total sperm abnormalities, acrosomal and plasma membrane integrity, enzymatic profiles such as reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT), and biochemical profiles such as cholesterol efflux and malondialdehyde (MDA) production. A total of 50 ejaculates were collected twice a week from 8 mithun bulls, and semen was split into 4 equal aliquots and diluted with the TEYC extender. Group 1: semen was without additives (control); groups 2 to 4: semen was diluted with 25?mM, 50?mM, and 100?mM of taurine, respectively. Seminal parameters and enzymatic and biochemical profiles were assessed at 5°C. Inclusion of taurine into diluent resulted in significant (P mithun semen than taurine at 25 or 100?mM stored in in vitro at 5°C. It was concluded that the possible protective effects of taurine on sperm parameters are from enhancing the function of antioxidant enzymes, preventing efflux of cholesterol from cell membranes and decreased MDA production. PMID:23853737

Perumal, P; Vupru, Kezhavituo; Rajkhowa, C

2013-01-01

116

Effect of Addition of Taurine on the Liquid Storage (5°C) of Mithun (Bos frontalis) Semen  

OpenAIRE

The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of taurine on sperm motility, viability, total sperm abnormalities, acrosomal and plasma membrane integrity, enzymatic profiles such as reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT), and biochemical profiles such as cholesterol efflux and malondialdehyde (MDA) production. A total of 50 ejaculates were collected twice a week from 8 mithun bulls, and semen was split into 4 equal aliqu...

Perumal, P.; Kezhavituo Vupru; Rajkhowa, C.

2013-01-01

117

The efficient use of equine cryopreserved semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to optimize the efficient use of cryopreserved stallion semen, recent research has focused on the minimum insemination dose of frozen-thawed spermatozoa required for maximum fertility rate. The results appear to be highly stallion-dependent. Factors such as the timing of AI with respect to ovulation, as well as the site of insemination within the mare's reproductive tract, also affect success in breeding with frozen-thawed semen. Since acceptable pregnancy rates can be achieved from insemination of mares with very low numbers of spermatozoa, increasing the number of insemination doses processed from a single ejaculate may prove more cost-effective to stallion owners. PMID:17588649

Metcalf, E S

2007-08-01

118

Assessing undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed Nili-Ravi buffalo bull sperm by using standard semen assays  

OpenAIRE

Hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST), eosin-nigrosin staining and normal apical ridge test (NAR) were used to determine integrity of plasma membrane and acrosome of undiluted, diluted (cooled to 5oC) and frozen-thawed sperm. Semen from seven bulls was used. For diluted and frozen-thawed sperm, three doses were pooled at 37oC. Percentage motility was assessed using a phase contrast microscope. A 50?l each of undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed semen was mixed with 500?l of 50, 100, 150, 15...

Ijaz, A.; Khan, M. I. U. R.

2010-01-01

119

Effect of antibiotics in extender on bacterial and spermatozoal quality of cooled buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was designed to study the effect of traditional antibiotic combination (streptomycin and penicillin; SP) and relatively modern combination of antibiotics (gentamycin, tylosin, lincomycin and spectinomycin; GTLS) in extender on bacterial control and spermatozoal quality of liquid buffalo bull semen stored at 5 degrees C. Semen collected from Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls (n = 10) was diluted with skim milk extender containing either SP (streptomycin 1000 microg/ml and penicillin 1000 IU/ml), GTLS (gentamycin 500 microg/ml, tylosin 100 microg/ml, lincomycin 300 microg/ml and spectinomycin 600 microg/ml) or negative control with no antibiotics (NA). Liquid semen was stored at 5 degrees C for 5 days. Aerobic bacteria isolated from buffalo semen were Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The only facultative anaerobic bacterium isolated was Klebsiella pneumoniae. In vitro antibiotic sensitivity test revealed that Ps. aeruginosa and Staph. aureus were susceptible to gentamycin. Staphylococcus aureus and K. pneumoniae were susceptible to tylosin and linco-spectinomycin. Total aerobic bacterial count was significantly lower in semen samples treated with GTLS than those of SP on third and fifth day of storage at 5 degrees C. There was no difference (p > 0.05) in sperm motility, longevity and plasma membrane integrity (PMI) in extender containing SP or GTLS combination until the third day of storage at 5 degrees C. On fifth day of storage sperm motility, longevity and PMI was significantly better in extender containing SP compared with GTLS and NA. Intact acrosomes, and sperm head, mid piece and tail abnormalities remained similar (p > 0.05) because of antibiotics up to 5 days of storage. In conclusion, GTLS is more capable than SP for bacterial control of buffalo bull semen. Moreover, GTLS and SP are equally efficient in preserving spermatozoal quality of extended buffalo bull semen for 3 days at 5 degrees C. PMID:18042206

Akhter, S; Ansari, M S; Andrabi, S M H; Ullah, N; Qayyum, M

2008-06-01

120

Sericin supplementation improves semen freezability of buffalo bulls by minimizing oxidative stress during cryopreservation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The variety of mammalian cells has been successfully cryopreserved by use of the silk protein sericin due to its strong free-radical-scavenging and potent antioxidant activity. The present study was conducted to examine the protective role of sericin on buffalo spermatozoa during cryopreservation. Semen of four breeding bulls was collected twice a week using artificial vagina technique. The ejaculates of four bulls were pooled, divided into five equal fractions, diluted with the extender supplemented with different concentrations of sericin (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.5 and 2%) and then cryopreserved. Post-thawed motility was objectively assessed by computer assisted sperm analyzer. Sperm plasma membrane integrity was assessed by hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST). Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined in frozen-thawed extended seminal plasma by spectrophotometry. The extender supplemented with 0.25, 0.5 and 1% sericin resulted in the higher sperm motility and GPx acivity. Furthermore, plasma membrane integrity and SOD activity were found to be higher (P<0.05) in group supplemented with 0.25 and 0.5% sericin (P<0.05). The MDA concentration was found to be significantly lower (P<0.05) in 0.25 and 0.5% sericin treated groups than control and other treated groups. In conclusion, the supplementation of 0.25-0.5% sericin in semen extender improves frozen-thawed semen quality through protecting sperm from oxidative stress. PMID:25497424

Kumar, Pradeep; Kumar, Dharmendra; Sikka, P; Singh, P

2015-01-01

121

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...origin, history, and health status of the animals or animal semen; the...veterinary inspection, and testing while the donor animal was on the farm of...

2010-01-01

122

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...importer; the species, breed, quantity of animal semen to be imported...to the Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic...Laboratory, Greenport, New York, in containers...at the Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic...Laboratory, Greenport, New York, and to...

2010-01-01

123

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...concerning the origin, history, and health status of the animals or animal semen; the...from the Chief, Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory...veterinary inspection, and testing while the donor animal was on the farm of...

2010-01-01

124

Inseminación artificial a tiempo fijo con semen ovino refrigerado / Timed artificial insemination with ram chilled semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se evaluó la preñez resultante de la inseminación artificial sistemática cervical (IASC) con semen ovino refrigerado a 5ºC durante 12 o 24 h y dosis de 150 o 300 millones de espermatozoides. Doscientas ovejas adultas Merino se dividieron al azar en grupos de 40 animales, según arreglo factorial de l [...] os tratamientos (2x2) más un grupo control. En la estación reproductiva, los estros fueron sincronizados mediante 14 días con esponjas intravaginales con 60 mg acetato de medroxiprogesterona y 200 UI de eCG al retirar las esponjas. A las 12 y 24 h previas a la IASC se colectaron, diluyeron y refrigeraron los eyaculados. La dilución del semen se realizó con OviPro (Minitüb®, Alemania) en una relación 1:2 (semen/ diluyente). El grupo control fue inseminado con semen fresco sin diluir y dosis de 100 millones de espermatozoides. La IASC se realizó en el orificio uterino externo a las 54-56 h después del tratamiento progestacional. La preservación seminal durante 12 h alcanzó el 25% (10/40) y 38% (15/ 39) de preñez con dosis de 150 y 300 millones de espermatozoides. El semen preservado durante 24 h determinó el 3% (1/37) y 19% (7/37) de preñez con dosis inseminantes de 150 y 300 millones de espermatozoides, respectivamente. El porcentaje de preñez del grupo control (59%) evidenció que las condiciones de la majada no estuvieron afectadas por el estado nutricional o de manejo. La IASC con semen refrigerado ovino durante 12 h y una dosis de inseminación de 300 millones de espermatozoides, permitió obtener una preñez aceptable (38%) considerando el beneficio de poder transportar semen a largas distancias y su bajo costo operativo. Abstract in english We evaluated pregnancy by timed artificial insemination (TAI) with ram semen chilled at 5ºC during 12 or 24 h and insemination doses of 150 or 300 millions spermatozoa. Two hundred adult Merino sheep were randomly divided in 4 groups of 40 animals each, according to a factorial arrangement (2x2) plu [...] s a control group. During the breeding season, estrus were synchronized with intravaginal sponges impregnated with 60 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate inserted for 14 days and administration of 200 UI PMSG at sponge removal. Twelve and 24 h before insemination, semen from adult Merino rams was collected, and after the ejaculates were diluted and chilled. Semen was diluted with the Ovipro extender (Minitüb®, Alemania) using a dilution rate of 1:2 (semen/extender). Control group was inseminated with fresh semen without diluent and an insemination dose of 100 millions spermatozoa. For every group, cervical TAI was performed 54-56 hours after progestational treatment. Preserved semen during 12 hours obtained 25% and 38% pregnancy with an insemination dose of 150 and 300 millions spermatozoa. Semen preserved for 24 hours caused 3% and 19% pregnancy with an insemination dose of 150 and 300 millions spermatozoa respectively. Control group showed a pregnancy of 59%, which evidenced that flock fertility was not affected by nutritional status or management. TAI with ram chilled semen during 12 h, with an insemination dose of 300 millions spermatozoa, was found to provide an acceptable fertility (38%), considering the benefit of carryng semen for long distances and the low operative cost for its implementation.

P., Naim; M., Cueto; A., Gibbons.

2009-09-01

125

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Administrator, may direct. (7) Porcine semen...the USDA as adequate to prevent exposure of the donor...animals shall not have contact with other domestic...center shall not have direct contact with, or exposure...

2010-01-01

126

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...specific diseases to which the animals are susceptible, as well as vaccinations or other precautionary treatments to which...the specified U.S. port of entry for presentation to the collector of customs. Animal semen intended for importation...

2010-01-01

127

Semen quality in Peruvian pesticide applicators: association between urinary organophosphate metabolites and semen parameters  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Organophosphates are broad class of chemicals widely used as pesticides throughout the world. We performed a cross-sectional study of associations between dialkylphosphate metabolites of organophosphates and semen quality among pesticide applicators in Majes (Arequipa), Peru. Methods Thirty-one men exposed to organophosphate (OP) pesticides and 31 non-exposed were recruited (age, 20–60 years). In exposed subjects, semen and a blood sample w...

Gasco Manuel; Yucra Sandra; Rubio Julio; Gonzales Gustavo F

2008-01-01

128

The Effect of Resveratrol on the Quality of Extended Boar Semen During Storage at 17ºC  

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Full Text Available The natural polyphenol resveratrol may be beneficial to many aspects of cell function and animal health, although its actions in the male reproductive system vary depending on animal species. This work investigates resveratrol effects on the quality of preserved boar semen during liquid storage at 17ºC. We used three approaches: 1 evaluation of conventional parameters of seminal quality, 2 measurement of specific response to capacitating stimuli, and 3 evaluation of mitochondria membrane potential and ATP content. Resveratrol supplementation causes i a loss in the response of liquid stored boar spermatozoa to capacitating stimuli, ii a decrease in the sperm ATP content and iii a reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, higher concentrations of resveratrol increase plasma membrane phospholipid disorder and reduce the percentage of motile spermatozoa. These results suggest that semen doses supplemented with resveratrol could be considered sub-fertile compared with semen stored hypothermically in standard conditions.

David Martín-Hidalgo

2013-07-01

129

Effect of insulin-like growth factor-I on some quality traits and fertility of cryopreserved ovine semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective was to evaluate the effects of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) on the quality and fertility of frozen/thawed ovine semen. Five rams (five ejaculates/ram) were used for evaluation of semen parameters. Before cryopreservation, ejaculates were divided into four aliquots and extended with Tris alone or supplemented with human IGF-I (50, 100, or 250 ng/mL). Semen was evaluated immediately after thawing (T0), after 1 h (T1) and 2 h (T2) post-incubation at 37 °C. The percentage of live cells (fluorescence analysis-calcein and ethidium), acrosome integrity (NAR) and motility were analyzed, and hypo-osmotic swelling tests (HOST) were used to evaluate membrane resistance. In addition, AI was performed using 121 ewes to compare the optimal concentration of IGF-I vs. Tris alone on pregnancy rates after laparoscopic insemination. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed by transrectal ultrasonography. After 1 and 2 h post-incubation, in every group, percentage motile sperm, NAR and HOST decreased compared to semen at T0. Motility was higher (P 0.05) in NAR or hypo-osmotic swelling tests (HOST) among groups. There were no differences (P > 0.05) in fertility between the IGF-I 100 and Tris groups. In conclusion, IGF-I improved subjective sperm motility and structural integrity of the plasma membrane without a significant effect on 45-day pregnancy rates after laparoscopic insemination of ewes with frozen-thawed semen. PMID:22541171

Padilha, R T; Magalhães-Padilha, D M; Cavalcante, M M; Almeida, A P; Haag, K T; Gastal, M O; Nunes, J F; Rodrigues, A P R; Figueiredo, J R; Oliveira, M A L

2012-09-01

130

Relation of Serum and Semen Malondialdehyde and Total Anti-Oxidants with Sperm Parameters in Infertile Men  

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Full Text Available Problem statement: Oxidative Stress (OS has been recognized as one of the most important cause of male infertility. We studied the relation of serum and Semen Malondialdehyde (MDA and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC with sperm parameters in infertile men with sperm count within the normal range. Approach: The prospective case- control study performed on infertile men presenting to the infertility clinics of Mirzakochak khan hospital, Tehran university of Medical Sciences from June 2007 to June 2009. The samples were collected consecutively and the total of 40 infertile men was enrolled in the study. Also, 40 healthy men were matched as control group. MDA and TAC in serum and seminal plasma were measured and relation between them and semen analysis parameters were evaluated. The MDA was measured as nmol mL?1 and the TAC was expressed as g dL?1. Results: Analysis showed that the amount of semen MDA was statistically different in infertile and healthy control groups. We did not find any significant relation between smoking and sperm parameters in infertile men. The relation between semen MDA and abnormal sperm abnormal morphology (p = 0.003, r = -0.468 and semen TAC and weak sperm motility (p = 0.037, r = -0.359 was significant. Conclusion: Immediate attention should be directed at simplifying and validating the evaluation of reactive oxygen species and OS status so that it can be performed routinely.

Firozeh Akbari-Asbagh

2010-01-01

131

IMPACT OF FENBENDAZOLE ON TURKEY SEMEN QUALITY  

Science.gov (United States)

Fenbendazole (FBZ) is an anthelmintic recently approved to treat and control nematode infections in growing turkeys. When administered to growing turkeys there are no detrimental side effects. However, when we used FBZ to treat nematodes in mature breeder toms, we observed a decrease in semen quali...

132

Effects of herbal preparation on libido and semen quality in boars.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a preparation from herbal extracts (PHE) on libido and semen quality in breeding artificial insemination boars. Ten fertile boars were divided into control and experimental groups according to significant difference of libido. There were no differences in semen quality between groups. Animals were fed a commercial feeding mixture for boars. The feeding mixture for the experimental group was enriched with PHE, which was prepared from Eurycoma longifolia, Tribulus terrestris and Leuzea carthamoides. Duration of the experiment was 10 weeks. Samples of ejaculate were collected weekly. Libido was evaluated according to a scale of 0-5 points. Semen volume, sperm motility, percentage of viable spermatozoa, sperm concentration, morphologically abnormal spermatozoa, daily sperm production and sperm survival were assessed. Amounts of mineral components and free amino acids were analysed in seminal plasma. Significant differences were found in these parameters: libido (4.05 ± 0.22 vs 3.48 ± 0.78; p < 0.001), semen volume (331.75 ± 61.91 vs 263.13 ± 87.17 g; p < 0.001), sperm concentration (386.25 ± 107.95 vs 487.25 ± 165.50 × 10(3) /mm(3); p < 0.01), morphologically abnormal spermatozoa (15.94 ± 11.08 vs 20.88 ± 9.19%; p < 0.001) and Mg concentration (28.36 ± 11.59 vs 20.27 ± 13.93 mm; p < 0.05). The experimental group's libido was increased by 20% in comparison with the beginning of the experiment. Results of this study showed positive effect of PHE on libido and some parameters of boar semen quality. PMID:21092065

Frydrychová, S; Opletal, L; Macáková, K; Lustyková, A; Rozkot, M; Lipenský, J

2011-08-01

133

Sperm parameters and biochemical components of goat seminal plasma in the rainy and dry seasons in the Brazilian Northeast: the season's influence on the cooling of semen / Caracrterísticas espermáticas e bioquímicas do plasma seminal de caprinos nas estações chuvosa e seca do Nordeste brasileiro: influência da estação no resfriamento do sêmen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Verificou-se as características seminais de caprinos durante a época seca e a chuvosa no Nordeste brasileiro e a influência da época no resfriamento do sêmen. Foram mensurados volume, concentração espermática, porcentagem de espermatozoides móveis, vigor, morfologia espermática e características bio [...] químicas (frutose, ácido cítrico, fósforo, magnésio, proteínas totais e atividade da fosfolipase A2). Observou-se redução (P Abstract in english The present study aimed to verify the caprine semen characteristics during dry and rainy seasons in the Brazilian Northeast, and the influence of these seasons on cooled semen. Seminal volume, concentration, percentage of motile cells, vigor and spermatic morphology, as well as biochemical profile ( [...] fructose, citric acid, P, Ca2+, Mg, total proteins and phospholipase A2 activity) were analyzed. It was observed a reduction (P

G.V., Aguiar; M.F., van Tilburg; A.G.V., Catunda; C.K.S., Celes; I.C.S., Lima; A.C.N., Campos; A.A.A., Moura; A.A., Araújo.

2013-02-01

134

Cryogenic changes in proteases and antiprotease activities of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and cattle (Bos taurus) semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The postthaw motility and fertility of buffalo and cattle semen is reduced when they are cryopreserved for artificial insemination. In the present study, an attempt was made to characterize the cryogenic changes in proteases and antiprotease activities (APA) of buffalo and cattle semen because these proteolysis regulators have been reported to be associated with sperm motility and fertility. Buffalo sperm demonstrated at least two major proteases of 45 and 42 kDa and three minor proteases of 95, 52, and 33 kDa. Similarly, cattle sperm demonstrated three major proteases of 62, 45, and 42 kDa and two minor proteases of 85 and 78 kDa. Buffalo seminal plasma demonstrated at least three major proteases of 78, 68, and 62 kDa and one minor protease of 98 kDa and cattle seminal plasma demonstrated one major protease of 68 kDa and two minor proteases of 78 and 75 kDa. Except for the 45 kDa protease, most of the previously mentioned proteases were found to be metalloproteinases. Compared with fresh sperm, cryopreserved buffalo and cattle sperm demonstrated a major protease band of 52/49 kDa and the activity of this protease reduced progressively with the duration of cryopreservation. On the contrary, compared with the fresh seminal plasma, cryopreserved buffalo and cattle semen extenders displayed the presence of a new protease band of 45 kDa and demonstrated that this protease activity was leaked from buffalo and cattle cryopreserved spermatozoa. Buffalo and cattle seminal plasmas displayed at least two major APA of 86 and 26 kDa. Compared with buffalo, cattle seminal plasma demonstrated significantly greater APA. Thus, the present study demonstrated the presence of an array of proteases and APA in buffalo and cattle semen and the activities of which changed during cryopreservation. The leakage of the specific protease activity and changes in the proteases and APA might be attributed to reduced motility and fertility of cryopreserved semen in these species. PMID:24210916

Gurupriya, Vijayasaraswathy S; Divyashree, Bannur C; Roy, Sudhir C

2014-02-01

135

Optimization of ram semen cryopreservation using a chemically defined soybean lecithin-based extender.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a chemically defined soybean lecithin-based semen extender as a substitute for egg yolk-based extenders in ram semen cryopreservation. In this study, 28 ejaculates were collected from four Zandi rams in the breeding season and then pooled together. The pooled semen was divided into six equal aliquots and diluted with six different extenders: (i) Tris-based extender (TE) containing 0.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL0.5), (ii) TE containing 1% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL1), (iii) TE containing 1.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL1.5), (iv) TE containing 2% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL2), (v) TE containing 2.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL2.5) and (vi) TE containing 20% (v/v) egg yolk (EYT). After thawing, sperm motility and motion parameters, plasma membrane and acrosome integrity, apoptosis status and mitochondrial activity were evaluated. The results shown that total and progressive motility (54.43 ± 1.33% and 25.43 ± 0.96%, respectively) were significantly higher in SL1.5 when compared to other semen extenders. Sperm motion parameters (VAP, VSL, VCL, ALH and STR) were significantly higher in SL1.5 compared to other extender, with the exception of SL1 extender. Plasma membrane integrity (48.86 ± 1.38%) was significantly higher in SL1.5 when compared to other semen extenders. Also, percentage of spermatozoa with intact acrosome in SL1.5 (85.35 ± 2.19%) extender was significantly higher than that in SL0.5, SL2.5 and EYT extenders. The results showed that the proportion of live post-thawed sperm was significantly increased in SL1.5 extender compared to SL0.5, SL2 and EYT extenders. In addition, SL1, SL1.5 and SL2.5 extenders resulted in significantly lower percentage of early-apoptotic sperm than that in EYT extender. There were no significant differences in different semen extenders for percentage of post-thawed necrotic and late-apoptotic spermatozoa. Also, the results indicated that there are slight differences for percentage of live spermatozoa with active mitochondria between extenders. In conclusion, SL1.5 extender was better than other extenders in most in vitro evaluated sperm parameters. PMID:23701189

Emamverdi, M; Zhandi, M; Zare Shahneh, A; Sharafi, M; Akbari-Sharif, A

2013-12-01

136

Optimalization of Equilibration and Thawing Methode on Freezing Process of Garut Ram Semen (Ovis aries  

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Full Text Available Generally, the problem of semen freezing process is cold shock effect and intracelullar change due to water release which is related to ice crystal formation. One factor to solve the problem is finding out optimal equilibration time and thawing method so there is only a little damage spermatozoa during freezing process. The research has been done to explore the influence of equilibration time and thawing methode on frozen semen quality of garut rams. The results shown that the mean of percentages of progressive motile sperm, percentages of viable sperm, percentages of plasma membrane and acrosomal intact on four hours equilibration (52.50% ; 62.33%; 57.17% and 56.42% were not significantly different (P>0.05 from five hours equilibration (52.27%; 63.67%; 56.92% and 57.58 % and six hours equilibration (54.17%; 61.00%; 59.42% and 58.58% respectively. The percentages of progressive motile sperm, percentages of viable sperm, percentages of plasma membrane and acrosomal intact on the thawing method on the temperature of 370C for 30 seconds (53.33% ; 62.39%; 57.94% dan 58.61 were not significantly different (P>0.05 from the thawing methode on the temperature of 250C for 45 seconds (52.22% ; 62.28%; 57.72% dan 56.44 respectively. The conclusion shown that the treatment of four hours equilibration, five hours equilibration, six hours equilibration and also the treatment of thawing method on the temperature of 370C for 30 seconds and the thawing methode on the temperature of 250C for 45 seconds do not have effect on garut ram freezing semen quality. (Animal Production 7(2: 74-80 (2005Key Words : Equilibration, Thawing, Semen, Garut ram

Herdis

2005-05-01

137

Comparing ethylene glycol with glycerol for cryopreservation of buffalo bull semen in egg-yolk containing extenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this work was to evaluate the possibility of substituting glycerol for ethylene glycol when cryopreserving buffalo semen. Semen of eight buffalo bulls was mixed, pooled, and frozen in one of these four diluents: centrifuged Tris egg yolk glycerol; centrifuged Tris egg yolk ethylene glycol; centrifuged Milk egg yolk glycerol; or centrifuged Milk egg yolk ethylene glycol. Semen quality parameters assessed after thawing were motility, survivability, livability, sperm abnormality, acrosome integrity, and plasma membrane integrity. Conception rate and pregnancy rate were calculated after insemination of 104 buffaloes by straws of different groups (26 female/extender). Improvement in livability, sperm abnormality, acrosome integrity, plasma membrane integrity, conception rate, and pregnancy rate were seen when using ethylene glycol to replace glycerol when freezing buffalo bull semen in centrifuged TRIS egg yolk 61.15 ± 0.73, 24.85 ± 0.41, 69.10 ± 0.81, 71.75 ± 0.72, 46.2%, and 46.2%, respectively, followed by centrifuged milk egg yolk extenders. PMID:21664674

Swelum, A A; Mansour, H A; Elsayed, A A; Amer, H A

2011-09-15

138

Semen quality of men employed at a lead smelter.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of recent and long term occupational lead exposure on indicators of male reproductive health. METHODS: In a cross sectional study of male employees of a lead smelter (n = 2469), blood samples were obtained from 152 workers including 119 who also provided semen samples. Semen analysis and serum concentrations of testosterone, follicle stimulating hormone, and luteinising hormone were used as indicators of reproductive health. Semen and hormone variables were ...

Alexander, B. H.; Checkoway, H.; Netten, C.; Muller, C. H.; Ewers, T. G.; Kaufman, J. D.; Mueller, B. A.; Vaughan, T. L.; Faustman, E. M.

1996-01-01

139

Zooplankton Feeding on the Nuisance Flagellate Gonyostomum semen  

OpenAIRE

The large bloom-forming flagellate Gonyostomum semen has been hypothesized to be inedible to naturally occurring zooplankton due to its large cell size and ejection of long slimy threads (trichocysts) induced by physical stimulation. In a grazing experiment using radiolabelled algae and zooplankton collected from lakes with recurring blooms of G. semen and lakes that rarely experience blooms, we found that Eudiaptomus gracilis and Holopedium gibberum fed on G. semen at high rates, whereas Dap...

Johansson, Karin S. L.; Vrede, Tobias; Lebret, Karen; Johnson, Richard K.

2013-01-01

140

SEMEN QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF NEW ZEALAND WHITE RABBIT BUCKS  

OpenAIRE

Rabbits have been extensively used as a model for large animals and humans. All the reproduction techniques employed with farm animals can be performed with the low-cost rabbit model, and certain placental membrane characteristics make them especially relevant for studies of human teratology. The purpose of this study was to assess semen quality of New Zealand White rabbits. The material represents semen samples collected from adult rabbits (n=30). The semen was obtained by means of artificia...

Martyna B?aszczyk; Tomáš Slanina; Peter Massanyi; Robert Stawarz

2013-01-01

141

Sperm banking for male cancer patients: social and semen profiles  

OpenAIRE

PURPOSE: Report the characteristics of cryopreserved semen from a cohort of male cancer patients, attitudes towards cryopreservation and outcomes of semen samples based on a 12-year cryopreservation program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 98 male cancer patients whose sperm samples were banked were evaluated. Demographic parameters, semen characteristics, destination of sperm banked samples and questionnaires answered by the patients regarding cryopreservation time were evaluated. RESULTS: T...

Bonetti, Tatiana C. S.; Pasqualotto, Fabio F.; Priscila Queiroz; Assumpto Iaconelli Jr.; Edson Borges Jr.

2009-01-01

142

In vitro fertility assessment of Kundhi buffalo bull semen  

OpenAIRE

The study was conducted on in-vitro fertility assessment of frozen thawed semen collected from Kundhi buffalo bull maintained at Department of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam. Before freezing of semen, each ejaculate was assessed for volume, sperm concentration, mass activity and moss motility percentage. Twenty semen samples having motility 60% or above were frozen for post-thaw assessmen...

Hamzo Khan Kunbhar,; Raho, T. A.; Samo, M. U.

2011-01-01

143

Comparison of different extenders for holding pheasant semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For the last decades several studies for holding sperm have been done in various fowl species. Consequently different conditions were proposed, changing storage times, temperature, and adapting semen extenders for each situation. However outstanding development has been reached, each species and conditions demand special needs. Our previous studies were mainly conducted on the evaluation of the semen quality parameters in pheasants (Marzoni et al., 2000a,b; Marzoni et al., 2001; Chiarini et al., 2002; Marzoni et al., 2002, thus the present study focused on the use of three different semen extenders to preserve pheasant semen over a 24-hours period........

I. Romboli

2011-03-01

144

Cryopreservation of semen from domestic livestock.  

Science.gov (United States)

In modern livestock breeding, cryopreserved semen is routinely used for artificial insemination. Sperm cryopreservation secures future reproduction, and insemination doses can be easily shipped. Processing of semen for cryopreservation can be done with minimal efforts and relatively low costs. In this chapter we describe the entire cryopreservation process for stallion and bull sperm including dilution of sperm in primary and freezing extender, cooling and packaging in straws, freezing in liquid nitrogen vapor, cryogenic storage, and thawing. Special emphasis is given on preparation of commonly used primary and freezing extenders (skim milk extender "INRA-82", TRIS-egg yolk extender "TEY") used in a two-step dilution approach. Furthermore the different cooling rates needed in different temperature regimes during the freezing process are being described. Cryopreservation procedures are described in case of using both specialized automated equipment and simple equipment. PMID:25428010

Sieme, Harald; Oldenhof, Harriëtte

2015-01-01

145

Monitoring environmental exposures with semen assays  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Semen studies in humans and animals have yielded extensive and compelling evidence that sperm can be used to assess reproductive potential and diagnose pathology. More recent studies on mutagens and carcinogens both at this and other laboratories suggest that a combination of mouse and human assays can be an efficient, effective approach to monitoring for reproductive hazards in the environment. We are investigating the potential of using variability in sperm morphology and DNA content to quantify and monitor the effects of environmental agents on the human testes. Here we review the status of human and mouse assays for environmental surveillance, discuss the genetic and fertility implications of chemically induced semen changes, and describe the high-speed flow methods being developed to automate sperm assays

146

68 difference in thawing curve of stallion frozen semen diluted in 2 extenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Commercial freeze extenders have different composition and ratio of cryoprotectors; freezing and thawing protocols are different for each extender. The aim of this experiment was to observe the effect of thawing curve in stallion frozen semen with 2 commercial extenders. Two ejaculates from each of 9 stallions of different breeds (Quarter Horses and Mangalarga Marchador) were used. Semen was collected using an artificial vagina, and the ejaculate was divided into 2 groups following the manufacture's protocol: group 1 (INRA), in which the semen was diluted 1:1 with the extender INRA 96(TM) (IMV, Paillette Crista, France) and group 2 (BC), in which the semen was diluted (1:1) with the extender Botu-Semen(TM) (Botupharma, Brazil). The samples of the 2 groups were centrifuged at 600×g for 10min, the supernatant was discarded, and the pellet was resuspended with INRA Freeze(TM) (group INRA, IMV) and with Botucrio(TM) (group BC, Botupharma) at the concentration of sperm 100×10(6)spermmL(-1). After this, the semen was packaged in 0.5-mL straws. For each group the freezing process was carried out according to the manufacturer's instructions. The straws were thawed in a water bath with 3 different thawing curves: 37°C for 30s (37/30), 46°C for 20s (46/20), and 75°C for 7s (75/7) before analysis. The aim of these rates is to keep the semen in 37°C post-thaw. The sperm kinetic analysis was performed by computerized method (CASA, HTM-IVOS, IMV, USA) and the analysis of plasma membrane integrity by flow cytometer (BD LSR Fortessa, Becton Dickinson, Mountain View, CA, USA). Data of sperm kinetic and of plasma membrane integrity were compared among the 3 thawing curves for one extender using analysis of variance. Differences were considered significant at a probability level of 5%. No differences were observed in total motility (%, BC 37/30=72.8±14.4; BC 46/20=70.0±14.2; BC 75/7=70.3±12.0 v. INRA 37/30=57.2±19.1; INRA 46/20=50.0±21.9; BC 75/7=58.8±20.8), progressive motility (%, BC 37/30=36.9±8.2; BC 46/20=34.4±10.5; BC 75/7=33.6±7.8 v. INRA 37/30=25.3±12.7; INRA 46/20=21.9±13.9; BC 75/7=28.9±14.8), rapid sperm (%, BC 37/30=59.7±16.4; BC 46/20=56.8±17.1; BC 75/7=58.1±14.9 v. INRA 37/30=38.3±20.9; INRA 46/20=35.3±22.9; BC 75/7=44.4±23.8), and plasma membrane integrity (%, BC 37/30=49.1±14.8; BC 46/20=43.1±13.1; BC 75/7=46.7±11.8 v. INRA 37/30=32.2±10.7; INRA 46/20=29.6±10.1; BC 75/7=37.4±9.1) among the 3 thawing curves for INRA and BC groups. In this study, we can conclude there is no influence of the 3 tested thawing curves in sperm quality for stallion frozen semen with INRA Freeze and Botucrio extenders. PMID:25472117

Freitas-Dell'aqua, C P; Ramires Neto, C; Sancler-Silva, Y F R; Papa, P M; Dell'aqua, J A; Alvarenga, M A; Papa, F O

2014-12-01

147

Influence of addition of different antibiotics in semen diluent on viable bacterial count and spermatozoal viability of Awassi ram semen  

OpenAIRE

The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of six different antibiotics in controlling the growth of semen contaminating bacteria and if these antibiotics have any adverse effect on Awassi ram spermatozoa. Semen samples from six mature Awassi rams were used in this study. A total number of 120 ejaculates were collected from the rams using an artificial vagina once a week. Semen ejaculates were evaluated for volume, sperm concentration, mass motility, individual motility...

Azawi, O. I.; Ismaeel, M. A.

2012-01-01

148

Criopreservação de sêmen suíno: avanços tecnológicos e perspectivas / Cryopreservation of boar semen: progress and perspectives / Criopreservación de semen de verraco: avances y perspectivas tecnológicas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Resumo A criopreservação de sêmen suíno é uma técnica ainda não consolidada devido à alta sensibilidade do espermatozoide da espécie ao processo de congelamento e descongelamento. Ainda assim, a utilização do sêmen criopreservado é altamente desejável para o intercâmbio genético e manutenção da bios [...] segurança. Esta revisão tem como objetivo ressaltar alguns fatores limitantes do processo e apontar os consideráveis avanços desenvolvidos nos últimos anos, principalmente devido ao aperfeiçoamento das técnicas já existentes, como caracterização das proteínas do ejaculado, ajustes na remoção do plasma seminal e uso de adjuvantes na confecção dos diluentes. Todas estas técnicas tornarão a criopreservação do sêmen suíno mais aplicável nos próximos anos para que possa ser finalmente uma técnica de uso comercial. Abstract in spanish Resumen La criopreservación del semen de porcino es una técnica aún no consolidada debido a la alta sensibilidad del espermatozoide de esta especie al proceso de congelación y descongelación, aun así, el uso de semen criopreservado es altamente deseable para el intercambio genético y el mantenimient [...] o de la bioseguridad. Esta revisión tiene por objeto poner de relieve algunos factores limitantes del proceso y señalar las importantes avances desarrollados en los últimos años, debido principalmente al mejoramiento de las técnicas existentes, entre ellas, la caracterización de las proteínas de la eyaculación, los ajustes de extracción del plasma seminal y el uso de adyuvantes en la producción de los diluyentes. Todas estas técnicas harán que la criopreservación del semen de porcino sea más aplicable en los próximos años, para ser finalmente una técnica de uso comercial. Abstract in english Abstract Biotechnology of boar semen cryopreservation has not succeeded due to the high sensitivity of swine sperm to the freezing and thawing process. However, its use is highly desirable for genetic improvement and maintenance of biosecurity. This review aims to highlight some limitations of the p [...] rocess and point out important advances obtained in recent years, including the improvement of existing techniques, such as protein characterization of the ejaculate, adjustments in the removal of seminal plasma, and use of adjuvants in the manufacture of diluents; all of which will make cryopreservation commercially available in the near future.

Tainã, Figueiredo Cardoso; Estela, Fernandes e Silva; Carine, Dahl Corcini.

2013-07-01

149

66 effect of addition of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin before freezing on quality and fertility of stallion frozen semen.  

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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin on the quality and fertility of stallion frozen semen. Three ejaculates from each of 4 stallions were used. The semen was diluted (1:1) with a skim milk-based extender (Botu-Semen(TM), Botupharma, Brazil). The samples were divided into 2 groups: control group (CG), composed of semen diluted only with extender, and treated group (TG), composed of semen diluted with extender plus 750mgmL(-1) of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin. Both groups were incubated for 15min at 20°C. The semen was frozen with Botu-Cryo(TM) (Botupharma, Brazil) extender according to the manufacturer's protocol in 0.5-mL straws containing 100×10(6) of total sperm. The sperm kinetic parameters were analysed by computer-assisted semen analysis, and plasma membrane integrity by flow cytometer (propidium iodide and fluorescein isothiocyanate -PSA) on post-thaw. The fertility trial was carried out inseminating 2 cycles of 20 mares (total of 40 cycles) immediately post-ovulation using 4 straws of CG or TG (400×10(6) total sperm), one from each stallion in a randomised design. Comparison of sperm parameters was performed by t-test and fertility by Fisher's exact test. No difference (P>0.05) was observed in total motility (%, CG=57.9±6.5 v. TG=60.2±6.7), progressive motility (%, CG=26.9±4.8 v. TG=28.5±4.8), percentage of rapid sperm (%, CG=43.5±8.8 v. TG=45.7±7.6), membrane integrity (%, CG=20.1±5.1 v. TG=20.3±6.3), and fertility (CG=60% v. TG=70%) between the groups. The results of this study showed that the use of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin did not affect sperm kinetic parameters and fertility in stallion with good quality in post-thaw semen. Further studies must be performed with stallions sensitive to freeze-thawing process. PMID:25472115

Papa, F O; Ramires Neto, C; Sancler-Silva, Y F R; Resende, H L; Monteiro, G A; Freitas-Dell'aqua, C P; Alvarenga, M A

2014-12-01

150

Gold in human semen around and away from a gold deposit area.  

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The study included evaluation of semen from normal, healthy adults and estimation of gold in seminal plasma from two regions Nilambur valley (Malappuram District, Kerala Province, India; n?=?11), where gold deposit is present and Kollam town (Kerala Province, India; n?=?13) where gold is not present in soil. All samples showed normal spermiogram. Gold was estimated in seminal plasma by employing inductively coupled plasma emission spectrophotometry. It varied from 0.23-1.15 ppm with mean 0.68 ppm in study area while in control area it was 0.13-0.71 ppm with a mean of 0.41 ppm. Statistical studies (independent 't' test) showed significantly high level (p?test proved that gold in seminal plasma is a significant (p?

Sahab Khan, P; Skandhan, K P; Ajesh, K; Siraj, M V P

2011-09-01

151

Serum and semen zinc levels in normozoospermic and oligozoospermic men  

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We studied 11 unselected men who presented to a Reproductive Endocrinology Clinic with histories of infertility and low sperm counts. Reproductive hormones and semen und serum zinc levels were measured. All men had semen analyses performed on at least three separate occasions. A similar set of laboratory evaluations were performed on 11 other men who had normal semen analyses and no history of infertility. No abnormalities of reproductive hormones were found in either group. Mean serum zinc levels were significantly lower in the infertile men. Mean semen zinc levels were not significantly different. There was no correlation between serum and semen zinc levels in either group. A significant correlation was found between sperm count and semen zinc in the volunteers with normal counts, but not in the oligozoospermic men. The results obtained in this study suggest that lowered serum zinc is more common than formerly appreciated in unselected patients with infertility. The high level of zinc found in semen is due primarily to the secretions of the prostate gland and reflects prostatic stores. Serum zinc is thought to be a reasonable indicator of zinc status. The lack of correlation between serum zinc and semen zinc found in our study suggests that mild zinc deficiency may lower serum zinc while the larger prostatic zinc stores remain unaffected.

Madding, C.I.; Jacob, M.; Ramsay, V.P.; Sokol, R.Z.

1986-01-01

152

Clinical relevance of polymorphonuclear (PMN-) elastase determination in semen and serum during infertility investigation.  

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The polymorphonuclear (PMN) elastase is secreted by activated granulocytes and is widely used as a marker of male accessory gland infection. However, the clinical value of routine determination of seminal plasma (SP) PMN elastase in asymptomatic patients during infertility investigation has not clearly been established and not much is known about the significance of PMN-elastase levels in serum as a potential biochemical determinant associated with infection/inflammation of the male genital tract. This prospective study included a total of 221 asymptomatic males from unselected subfertile couples, to evaluate the relationship of (i) serum and (ii) same-day SP PMN elastase concentrations with established semen quality parameters, including sperm functional capacity, local antisperm antibodies (ASA), seminal leucocytes, and the outcome of semen cultures including typical sexually transmitted disease pathogens, and a potential association with patients' medical history and results of clinical andrological examination. Furthermore, couples were followed up for subsequent fertility (controlled for female infertility factors). The concentrations of PMN elastase in serum and in SP were not significantly related to semen quality [with regard to microscopic (e.g. count, motility, morphology) as well as biochemical parameters, and also to local ASA of the IgG- or IgA-class]. There was no strong relationship with sperm functional capacity. No significant relationship with the outcome of the microbial screening was found. PMN-elastase levels in serum and SP were not significantly correlated and there was no association with subsequent fertility. Therefore, the value of routine determination of PMN elastase in semen and/or serum samples, particularly when used as a single parameter to screen for subclinical infection/inflammation in males under infertility investigation is limited. PMID:18194283

Eggert-Kruse, W; Zimmermann, K; Geissler, W; Ehrmann, A; Boit, R; Strowitzki, T

2009-08-01

153

Changes in sperm quality and lipid composition during cryopreservation of boar semen.  

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Egg yolks are commonly used in diluents in order to improve the freezability of semen. Two aspects of the role of lipids in boar semen freezability are reported in this article. The first one concerns the eventual exchanges of lipid components between the spermatozoa and the yolk-based diluent during cryopreservation. Two types of yolk have been considered as ingredients in diluents for cryopreservation: yolks with a standard fatty acid composition and yolks enriched in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The relation between lipid exchanges and the quality of fresh semen is considered. The other aspect concerns the possibility to enhance the freezability of boar spermatozoa by altering the plasma membranes under the influence of dietary fatty acids. Spermatozoa were damaged significantly by the cryopreservation cycle in all experiments. Spermatozoa with the best fresh quality had accumulated the largest quantity of lipids upon thawing. A general decrease in the proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids was observed after thawing. The yolks enriched in n-3 fatty acids failed to improve the quality of sperm following cryopreservation. The proportion of DHA was significantly higher in spermatozoan phospholipids from thawed cells that had been in contact with n-3 yolks. A significant reduction in cholesterol was observed in spermatozoa after the cryopreservation cycle, which correlated with an increased number of acrosome-reacted cells and changes in the parameters of motility. The addition of 3% fish oil to the daily boar ration significantly increased the content of DHA (from 33 to 45% of the total fatty acids) in the spermatozoa. Ejaculate concentrations were significantly increased in the experimental group. DHA-enriched semen did not show improved freezability, at least not as assessed by in vitro parameters. PMID:15626408

Maldjian, A; Pizzi, F; Gliozzi, T; Cerolini, S; Penny, P; Noble, R

2005-01-15

154

Differences in preservation of canine chilled semen using different transport containers.  

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In the present study, the effect of three different containers in the preservation of dog chilled semen, during 24, 48 and 72h was evaluated. Weekly sperm pools of different dogs were obtained, during 10 consecutive weeks. Semen samples were diluted in egg-yolk-Tris-fructose extender and stored in a Styrofoam box, a common Thermos flask and an Equitainer. Progressive motility, morphology and sperm membrane integrity were examined in semen aliquots taken daily from each container during the 3 days of storage. Additionally, integrity of the acrosome and sperm plasma membranes, determined by PI/Fitc-PSA staining was assessed at 48 and 72h of storage. At 24h no differences were observed between the three containers for the evaluated parameters. At 48h samples kept in the Equitainer presented a higher progressive motility than samples kept in the Thermos. At 72h, progressive motility was higher in the Equitainer than in the other two containers. Only samples kept in the Equitainer maintained similar levels of progressive motility between 24 and 72h. Membrane integrity assessed by eosin-nigrosin deteriorated over the 72h period, whereas functional membrane integrity determined by the hypoosmotic swelling test was independently affected by type of container (the Equitainer) kept a higher percentage of sperm cells with intact membrane) and time of storage (a decrease of membrane integrity between 24 to 72h). Staining with PI-Fitc-PSA allowed the detection of differences between containers but not between the two studied storage periods (48 and 72h). The results indicated that the use of the Equitainer is preferable when transporting chilled dog semen for more than 48h. PMID:18479849

Lopes, G; Simões, A; Ferreira, P; Martins-Bessa, A; Rocha, A

2009-05-01

155

Freezing canine sperm: comparison of semen extenders containing Equex and LDL (Low Density Lipoproteins).  

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Chicken egg yolk is held as an excellent cryoprotective agent for freezing canine semen. Recent advances have enabled the extraction of low density lipoproteins from egg yolk, which are responsible for the cryoprotective abilities of the latter. The objective of this article was to compare 3 semen extenders for freezing canine semen: 2 containing egg yolk (Tris egg yolk and Equex STAMP) and one containing 6% LDL. After freezing and thawing 20 ejaculates from 5 different dogs, the 6% LDL extender produced 50% mobile spermatozoa, compared with 48% with the Equex extender and 27.7% with the extender containing egg yolk alone (EY). In vitro functional tests demonstrated that the integrity of the plasma membrane (hypoosmotic test) was respected in 65-66% of spermatozoa as a function of the extender; DNA integrity was respected in more than 97% of the spermatozoa. The Equex extender provided superior acrosome integrity (FITC/PSA test): 68.4% compared with 55.1% with LDL and 53.3% with egg yolk. However, the 6% LDL extender resulted in fewer spermatozoal anomalies (Spermac test), with 54.6% normal spermatozoa compared to 53.6% for Equex and 53.3% with the egg yolk. All six of the bitches inseminated artificially via the intra-uterine route (Scandinavian technique) using semen frozen in the 6% LDL extender became pregnant. The LDL extender resulted in percentages of mobile spermatozoa and movement characteristics that were as good if not better than those obtained with the reference extenders following thawing. The 6% LDL extender appears to have the same cryoprotective qualities as the reference diluent, Equex STAMP. PMID:20153943

Bencharif, Djemil; Amirat-Briand, Lamia; Garand, Annabelle; Anton, Marc; Schmitt, Eric; Desherces, Serge; Delhomme, Guy; Langlois, Marie-Laure; Barrière, Paul; Destrumelle, Sandrine; Vera-Munoz, Oscar; Tainturier, Daniel

2010-06-01

156

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Chief, Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory...veterinary inspection, and testing while the donor animal was on the farm of origin...importer, until all of the testing required to be conducted...indications that the donor animal or the semen from...

2010-01-01

157

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...failure to provide satisfactory evidence concerning the origin, history, and health status of the animals or animal semen; the lack...domestic farm livestock (this term does not include pets such as dogs and cats). Raw animal food wastes (garbage) shall...

2010-01-01

158

Indian story on semen loss and related Dhat syndrome.  

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India is a country of many religions and ancient cultures. Indian culture is largely directed by the Vedic culture since time immemorial. Later Indian culture is influenced by Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. Indian belief system carries the footprints of these cultures. Every culture describes human behaviors and an interpretation of each human behavior is largely influenced by the core cultural belief system. Sexuality is an important domain which is colored by different cultural colors. Like other cultures, Indian culture believes "semen" as the precious body fluid which needs to be preserved. Most Indian beliefs consider loss of semen as a threat to the individual. Ancient Indian literature present semen loss as a negative health related event. Dhat syndrome (related to semen loss) is a culture-bound syndrome seen in the natives of Indian subcontinent. This article gathers the Indian concepts related to semen loss. It also outlines belief systems behind problems of Dhat syndrome. PMID:25568479

Prakash, Om; Kar, Sujit Kumar; Sathyanarayana Rao, T S

2014-10-01

159

Comparative study of heparin-binding proteins profile of Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis semen  

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Full Text Available Aim: The experiment was conducted to study the total seminal plasma protein (TSPP and heparin-binding proteins (HBPs in relation to initial semen quality of buffalo bull. Materials and Methods: Semen from two Murrah buffalo bulls (bull no. 605 and 790 with mass motility of ?3+ were used for the study and categorized into three groups (Group I- Mass motility 3+, Group II- Mass motility 4+ and Group III- Mass motility 5+. Seminal plasma from semen was separated by centrifugation. HBPs was isolated and purified from heparin-agarose affinity column by modified elution buffer. TSPP and isolated HBPs concentration was estimated by Lowry’s method. The purified HBPs were resolved on Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to check the protein profile of two bulls. Results: The mean values of TSPP concentrations in bull no. 605 and 790 in Group I, II and III were 30.64±0.12, 31.66±0.09, 32.53±0.19 and 28.51±0.09, 29.49±0.15, 30.45±0.17 mg/mL, respectively. The mean values of HBPs concentrations in bull no. 605 and 790 in Group I, II and III were 3.11±0.07, 3.32±0.06, 3.46±0.08 and 2.51±0.08, 2.91±0.05, 3.10±0.03 mg/mL, respectively. Both the values of TSPP and HBPs were significantly higher (p<0.01 in bull no. 605 when compared to 790 in all the three groups. 31 kDa HBP was more intensely present in bull no. 605, thus may indicate its superiority over bull no. 790 in relation to fertility potential. Conclusion: TSPP and HBPs shows variation in concentration with respect to initial semen quality. Furthermore, presence of fertility related 31 kDa HBPs in one of the bull may be an indication of high fertility of a bull. In future, in-vivo and in-vitro correlative study on larger basis is needed for the establishment of fertility-related HBPs in semen which might establish criteria for selection of buffalo bull with high fertility potential.

S. S. Ramteke

2014-09-01

160

Arachidic acid in extender improves post-thaw parameters of cryopreserved Nili-Ravi buffalo bull semen.  

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Cryopreservation process reduces lipids and phospholipids from buffalo bull spermatozoa. It was therefore hypothesized that supplementation of fatty acid to extender may improve the post-thaw quality of buffalo semen. The objective was to evaluate the effect of arachidic acid supplementation in extender on post-thaw quality of buffalo bull (Bubalus bubalis) spermatozoa. Semen was collected from three adult Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of similar age group with artificial vagina (42°C) for 3 weeks (replicate). Qualified semen ejaculates (n = 18) were split into four aliquots and diluted in tris-citric acid extender containing 0.0 (control), 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 ng/ml at 37°C having approximately 50 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml. Diluted semen was cooled to 4°C in 2 h and equilibrated for 4 h at 4°C. Cooled semen was filled in 0.5-ml straws at 4°C, kept on liquid nitrogen vapours for 10 min and plunged in liquid nitrogen for storage. Thawing of frozen semen was performed after 24 h at 37°C for 30 s. Sperm progressive motility (%) was improved in a dose-dependent manner by supplementing arachidic acid at 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 ng/ml compared with control. Structural and functional integrity of sperm plasma membrane (%), number of acrosome-intact live sperm (%) and sperm chromatin integrity (%) were better (p  0.05) from those at 5.0 ng/ml. Further improvement in structural and functional integrity of sperm plasma membrane, number of acrosome-intact live sperm and chromatin integrity was observed at 20.0 ng/ml of arachidic acid in extender. In conclusion, arachidic acid supplementation in extender improved the post-thaw quality parameters of cryopreserved Nili-Ravi buffalo bull spermatozoa. Among the arachidic acid concentrations studied, maximum improvement in post-thaw semen quality parameters was observed at 20.0 ng/ml. PMID:24112366

Ejaz, R; Ansari, M S; Rakha, B A; Ullah, N; Husna, A U; Iqbal, R; Akhter, S

2014-02-01

161

A successful new approach to honeybee semen cryopreservation.  

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Honeybee biodiversity is under massive threat, and improved methods for gamete cryopreservation could be a precious tool for both the in situ- and ex situ-conservation of subspecies and ecotypes. Recent cryoprotocols for drone semen have improved the viability and fertility of frozen-thawed semen by using increased diluent:semen-ratios, but there is still much room for progress. As semen cryopreserved after dilution often appeared hyperactive, we speculated that the disruption of sperm-sperm interactions during dilution and cryopreservation could reduce the fertile lifespan of the cells. We therefore developed protocols to reduce admixture, or abolish it altogether by dialyzing semen against a hypertonic solution of cryoprotectant. Additionally, we tested methods to reduce the cryoprotectant concentration after thawing. Insemination of queens with semen cryopreserved after dialysis yielded 49%, 59% and 79% female (= stemming from fertilized eggs) pupae in three separate experiments, and the numbers of sperm found in the spermathecae of the queens were significantly higher than those previously reported. Post-thaw dilution and reconcentration of semen for cryoprotectant removal reduced fertility, but sizeable proportions of female brood were still produced. Workers stemming from cryopreserved semen did not differ from bees stemming from untreated semen with regard to indicators of fluctuating asymmetry, but were slightly heavier. Cryopreservation after dialysis tended to increase the proportion of cells with DNA-nicks, as measured by the TUNEL-assay, but this increase appears small when compared to the baseline variations of this indicator. Overall, we conclude that cryoprotectant-addition through dialysis can improve the quality of cryopreserved drone semen. Testing of offspring for vitality and genetic integrity should continue. PMID:25088062

Wegener, Jakob; May, Tanja; Kamp, Günter; Bienefeld, Kaspar

2014-10-01

162

Clinical relevance of routine semen analysis and controversies surrounding the 2010 World Health Organization criteria for semen examination  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Semen analysis is the corner stone of infertility evaluation as it provides information on the functional status of the seminiferous tubules, epididymis and accessory sex glands. The methods on how the human semen should be evaluated are provided by the World Health Organization, which periodically [...] releases manuals that include specific protocols and reference standards. In 2010, the WHO published new criteria for human semen characteristics that were markedly lower than those previously reported. In this review initially it is discussed the limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate measure of a man’s ability to father a pregnancy. Secondly, it is analyzed methodology issues that could explain why the newly released reference values were different from those earlier reported. Thirdly, it is speculated on the likely effects of the 2010 WHO criteria in the management of male infertility. Due to the several inherent limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate marker of male infertility, physicians should exercise caution when interpreting results. A template for semen analysis reports that incorporates the distribution of the semen characteristics of recent fathers in centiles rather than solely the minimum thresholds could aid clinicians to better understand how a given patient results compare with the reference population. Importantly, a male infertility evaluation must go far beyond a simple semen analysis, as it has to be complemented with a proper physical examination, a comprehensive history taking, and relevant endocrine, genetic, and other investigations.

Sandro C., Esteves.

2014-08-01

163

Colloid centrifugation of fresh stallion semen before cryopreservation decreased microorganism load of frozen-thawed semen without affecting seminal kinetics.  

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Freezability of equine semen may be influenced by microorganism population of semen. The objective of this study was to verify the effect of single-layer density gradient centrifugation (SLC) of fresh semen before cryopreservation on semen's microbial load (ML) and sperm cells kinetics after freezing-thawing. For that, one ejaculate was collected from 20 healthy stallions and split into control (C) samples (cryopreserved without previous SLC) and SLC samples (subjected to SLC). Semen cryopreservation was performed according to the same protocol in both groups. Microbial load of each microorganism species and total microbial load (TML) expressed in colony-forming units (CFU/mL) as well as frozen-thawed sperm kinetics were assessed in both groups. Additional analysis of the TML was performed, subdividing the frozen-thawed samples in "suitable" (total motility ? 30%) and "unsuitable" (total motility semen for freezing programs, and comparing the C and SLC groups within these subpopulations. After thawing, SLC samples had less (P frozen-thawed semen vs. 240.90 × 10(2) ± 498.20 × 10(2) to 139.30 × 10(2) ± 290.30 × 10(2) CFU/mL in "unsuitable" frozen-thawed semen). The effect of SLC on kinetics of frozen-thawed sperm cells was negligible. PMID:25287189

Guimarães, T; Lopes, G; Pinto, M; Silva, E; Miranda, C; Correia, M J; Damásio, L; Thompson, G; Rocha, A

2015-01-15

164

Clinical relevance of routine semen analysis and controversies surrounding the 2010 World Health Organization criteria for semen examination.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen analysis is the corner-stone of infertility evaluation as it provides information on the functional status of the seminiferous tubules, epididymis and accessory sex glands. The methods on how the human semen should be evaluated are provided by the World Health Organization, which periodically releases manuals that include specific protocols and reference standards. In 2010, the WHO published new criteria for human semen characteristics that were markedly lower than those previously reported. In this review initially it is discussed the limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate measure of a man's ability to father a pregnancy. Secondly, it is analyzed methodology issues that could explain why the newly released reference values were different from those earlier reported. Thirdly, it is speculated on the likely effects of the 2010 WHO criteria in the management of male infertility. Due to the several inherent limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate marker of male infertility, physicians should exercise caution when interpreting results. A template for semen analysis reports that incorporates the distribution of the semen characteristics of recent fathers in centiles rather than solely the minimum thresholds could aid clinicians to better understand how a given patient results compare with the reference population. Importantly, a male infertility evaluation must go far beyond a simple semen analysis, as it has to be complemented with a proper physical examination, a comprehensive history taking, and relevant endocrine, genetic, and other investigations. PMID:24893912

Esteves, Sandro C

2014-12-01

165

Association of soybean-based extenders with field fertility of stored ram (Ovis aries) semen: a randomized double-blind parallel group design.  

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Two consecutive randomized double-blind field fertility experiments were conducted over a 4-month period and aimed at evaluating the association of two commercial soybean lecithin-based extenders (AndroMed [Minitub, Tiefenbach, Germany] and BioXcell [IMV Technologies, L'Aigle, France]) with pregnancy rates of chilled-stored (CS) and frozen-thawed (FT) ram semen. Semen samples with more than 2 × 10(9) sperm per mL and 70% progressive motile spermatozoa were collected via an artificial vagina from twelve proven fertile Chios rams, split-diluted with the above mentioned extenders, packaged in 0.25 mL straws and either stored at 5 ± 1 °C for 30 to 36 hours or frozen and thawed. Non-lactating multiparous ewes were inseminated in progestagen-synchronized estrus either with CS (AndroMed: N = 212 and BioXcell: N = 206; intracervical AI) or with FT (AndroMed: N = 114 and BioXcell: N = 92; laparoscopic intrauterine AI) semen. Ovulation was confirmed in all ewes based on determination of blood plasma progesterone (>1 ng/mL) 8 days post AI. Ewes were screened for pregnancy diagnosis by transabdominal ultrasonography 65 days post AI. BioXcell was superior to AndroMed in preserving the fertilizing potential of CS (P semen. In AndroMed-stored semen, young rams (1.5-2.5 years old, N = 8) had a pregnancy rate (59.1%; 124/210) lower than that (72.4%; 84/116) of mature rams (4.5 to 5.5 years, N = 4; P ram semen in BioXcell extender improved pregnancy rates of CS (66.7%; 88/132 vs. 83.9%; 94/112; P ram semen (P > 0.05). Ram-by-extender interactions were significant for pregnancy rates of CS and FT semen. Irrespective of extenders, overall pregnancy rates after intracervical and intrauterine AI were 75.1% and 62.2%, respectively (P ram semen. Selection of the ewes, farms, and extenders for intracervical AI programs can contribute to satisfactory fertility rates with semen preserved more than 24 hours at 5 °C. PMID:23219519

Khalifa, Tarek; Lymberopoulos, Aristotelis; Theodosiadou, Ekaterini

2013-02-01

166

Influences of a diet supplemented with linseed oil and antioxidants on quality of equine semen after cooling and cryopreservation during winter.  

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Seasonal changes in the reproductive physiology of stallions contribute to a decrease in the quality of frozen-thawed semen during late winter. Changes in the lipid composition of the sperm plasma membrane may contribute to this phenomenon. In the present study, we have, therefore, investigated the effects of adding linseed oil (LO) in combination with antioxidants to the diet of breeding stallions on the motility and membrane integrity of cooled-stored and cryopreserved semen. Starting in November, the diet of LO stallions (n = 6) but not control (C) stallions (n = 5) was supplemented with LO (100 mL once daily) plus an antioxidant (Myostem Protect; Audevard, Clichy, France) for a total of 84 days. Before (November) and at the end of this period (February), ejaculates were processed for cryopreservation (n = 3 ejaculates per stallion) and cooled shipping at 5 °C. Frozen-thawed and cooled-shipped semen was sent to the laboratory for computer-assisted semen analysis of total motility, progressive motility, and velocity parameters (average path velocity [VAP], curved line velocity [VCL], and straight-line velocity [VSL]) and evaluation of membrane integrity. The quality of frozen-thawed semen decreased (P 0.05). A decrease in the velocity parameters VAP, VCL, and VSL was more pronounced in LO stallions than in C stallions (e.g., VSL: November LO 67 ± 1 ?m/s, C 64 ± 2 ?m/s; February LO 59 ± 2 ?m/s, C 63 ± 2 ?m/s; interaction month by treatment, P semen, total motility, progressive motility, and membrane integrity were lower in February than in November (P semen collection: total motility in November LO 88 ± 1% and C 87 ± 3%; in February LO 83 ± 2% and C 73 ± 11%; interaction month by treatment: P stallions with LO plus antioxidants attenuated a decline in motility and membrane integrity of cooled-stored stallion semen during winter. This may improve the fertility of cooled-shipped semen. In contrast, the treatment did not counteract the decrease in quality of frozen-thawed semen that occurs in late winter. PMID:24576708

Schmid-Lausigk, Yvonne; Aurich, Christine

2014-04-15

167

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality  

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Full Text Available It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress and 3 months after (non-stress the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO concentration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 ± 3.70 vs 77.62 ± 7.13 x 10(6/mL, rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 ± 1.66 vs 20.86 ± 1.63% and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 ± 0.01 vs 0.22 ± 0.01 U/mL were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 ± 0.56 vs 10.02 ± 0.49 µmol/L was higher compared to the non-stress period (P < 0.001 for all. During stress there was a negative correlation between NO concentration and sperm concentration, the percentage of rapid progressive motility and arginase activity (r = -0.622, P < 0.01; r = -0.425, P < 0.05 and r = -0.445, P < 0.05, respectively. These results indicate that psychological stress causes an increase of NO level and a decrease of arginase activity in the L-arginine-NO pathway. Furthermore, poor sperm quality may be due to excessive production of NO under psychological stress. In the light of these results, we suggest that the arginine-NO pathway, together with arginase and NO synthase, are involved in semen quality under stress conditions.

S. Eskiocak

2006-05-01

168

EFFECT OF LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS IN EXTENDER ON FREEZABILITY AND FERTILITY OF EGYPTIAN BUFFALO BULL SEMEN  

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Full Text Available Semen from three Egyptian buffalo bulls was collected once weekly and ejaculates with more 75% progressive motility and more 85 % normal sperm morphology prior to cryopreservation were pooled in order to have sufficient semen for a replicate and to eliminate the bulls effect. Seven extenders were used: Tris 20 % egg yolk extender with 7 ml glycerol as a control (T1, and substitution of whole egg yolk with 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 % low density lipoprotein (LDL, T2 – T6, respectively. Semen was diluted to 80 x106 sperm/ml, packaged into 0.25 ml straws, cooled, held at 5.C for 4 h, and then frozen in liquid nitrogen (LN and stored at -196.C for at least one month. Sperm progressive motility, intact acrosome and plasma membrane integrity were assesd at post dilution, equilibration, post-thawing (at 37.C for 30 sec. and after 30 days storage in LN. This study reveled that LDL extenders were more effective in preservation of progressive motility, intact acrosome and integrity of the plasma membrane of buffalo spermatozoa than whole egg yolk extender. Sperm progressive, intact acrosome and plasma membrane integrity were much higher (P < 0.05 in the 12% LDL extender (63.3, 77.17 and 71.3% respectively vs. 35, 40.8 and 34.7% in the control 20% EY extender at post-thawing process, respectively. Fertility rates were higher in extender containing 12% LDLs compared with the control (72.7% vs. 50%, respectively. It was concluded that LDL (12% in extender improved the freezability and fertility of buffalo bull spermatozoa.

El-Seify

2012-01-01

169

Effect of exposing rams to a female stimulus before semen collection on ram libido and semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rams with strong libido and desirable semen characteristics can provide more insemination doses per ejaculate and produce more progeny, improving population genetic linkage to improve the accuracy of EBV. The objective of this study was to determine if teasing rams, either by sight and smell alone (Exp. 1), or physical contact (Exp. 2), could improve libido and semen quality of rams. In Exp. 1, there were 3 treatments in which rams were exposed to the sight and smell of the ewe for 1 h: control treatment (n = 5) in which rams were exposed to a ewe not in estrus; non-novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were exposed to a ewe in estrus and the same ewe was used for semen collection; and novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were exposed to a ewe in estrus and a different ewe in estrus was used for semen collection. In Exp. 2, rams were individually given full access to a ewe, which had a cotton apron fitted to cover her vulva, for 15 min. The 3 treatments in Exp. 2 were: control treatment (n = 5) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe not in estrus; a non-novel treatment (n = 5) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe in estrus and the same ewe was used for semen collection; novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe in estrus and a different ewe in estrus was used for semen collection. Experiment 1 was repeated for 5 consecutive days and Exp. 2 was repeated for 4 consecutive days. Data on reaction time, number of mounts, semen volume, semen concentration, sperm wave motion, and progressive linear motion (Exp. 1 only) were collected and analyzed as a randomized complete block design, where rams were initially blocked for breed and age. In Exp. 1, there was an effect of day (P semen volume, whereas there was also an effect of treatment (P semen concentration, which was most evident on d 1. In Exp. 2, there was an effect of treatment on reaction time (P semen volume (P = 0.08), which was most evident on d 1. This study demonstrates an acute effect on d 1 on semen concentration when rams were exposed to the sight and smell of a ewe in estrus. Alternatively, when rams were stimulated with physical contact of a ewe in estrus, an acute increase in semen volume was evident on d 1. These effects were not evident on subsequent days and thus the overall benefits on ram libido and semen quality of exposing rams to ewes in estrus are minimal. PMID:22665631

Fahey, A G; Duffy, P; Fair, S

2012-10-01

170

Application of liquid semen technology improves conception rate of sex-sorted semen in lactating dairy cows.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective was to compare reproductive performance of liquid sex-sorted (SS) semen with that of conventional (CON) semen in lactating dairy cows. Between 2011 and 2013, commercial dairy herds (n = 101, 203, and 253 for 2011, 2012, and 2013, respectively) with predominantly Holstein-Friesian cows were enrolled in a contract mating program to produce surplus heifers for export using liquid SS semen. During the spring mating period, each herd was allocated with liquid SS semen at 50% of its daily requirement and the remaining daily requirement was allocated with CON liquid semen. Sperm for producing SS semen was sorted by Sexing Technologies NZ Ltd. (Hamilton, New Zealand) and then packaged using the liquid semen technology of LIC (Hamilton, New Zealand) at a dose of 1 × 10(6) sperm. Artificial insemination (AI) with liquid SS semen was carried out between 43 and 46 h after collection. Conventional semen straws contained 1.25 × 10(6), 1.75 × 10(6), or 2 × 10(6) sperm for semen to be used on d 1, 2, or 3 after collection, respectively. Only CON inseminations on the same days as when SS semen was used were included in the comparison. Herd managers biased usage of SS semen toward cows with a longer postpartum interval before the mating start date (64.0 vs. 62.8 d), cows of higher genetic merit (NZ$107.0 vs. NZ$98.4), younger cows (5.1 vs. 5.2 yr), and cows in which they had more confidence of being genuinely in estrus as measured by a lower percentage of short returns between 1 and 17 d (5.3 vs. 7.5%). After adjusting for these factors, the estimated difference in nonreturn rate between AI with SS and CON semen over the 3 seasons was -3.8 percentage points (SS = 70.2% vs. CON = 74.0%; SS/CON = 94.9%). The estimated maximum difference in calving rate per AI between SS and CON semen was -3.1 percentage points for 2011 (SS = 51.2% vs. CON = 54.3%; SS/CON = 94.3%) and -3.0 percentage points for 2012 (SS = 49.7% vs. CON = 52.6%; SS/CON = 94.5%). Calving data for 2013 were not yet available. The percentage of heifer calves born to AI with SS semen was 87.0% for 2011 and 85.8% for 2012, both of which were lower than the expectation of 90% mainly due to misidentification of calf dams in seasonal dairy herds calving on pasture. In summary, results in this report showed that liquid SS semen only required half the dose rate of frozen SS semen to achieve a reproductive performance of over 94% of CON semen in lactating dairy cows. Careful planning and a robust distribution network are required to avoid semen wastage and to maximize the benefit of liquid SS semen. PMID:25218757

Xu, Z Z

2014-11-01

171

Interpretation of semen analysis among infertile couples.  

OpenAIRE

Among the male partners of 1074 infertile couples the mean results of semen analysis were sperm count 78 X 10(6)/ml, seminal volume 4.0 ml, proportion of progressively motile sperm 54%, proportion of sperm with normal morphologic features 81.4% and total motile sperm count 152.3 X 10(6) per ejaculate. After excluding 65 couples who chose donor insemination and 300 with known female causes of infertility, the cumulative pregnancy rates in the remaining 709 couples were higher with increasing s...

Small, D. R.; Collins, J. A.; Wilson, E. H.; Wrixon, W.

1987-01-01

172

Semen A Altshuler: scientist, mentor, teacher  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

International Conference 'Resonances in Condensed Matter' is devoted to 100 years of the birthday of the Corresponding member of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Professor of the Kazan University Semen Alexandrovich Altshuler (1911–1983). He is well known by pioneer works on EPR, the prediction and grounds for an existence of the neutron magnetic moment, the prediction and the theory of the acoustic paramagnetic resonance, and as a founder of the Kazan scientific school 'Magnetic radiospectroscopy of condensed matter' (with E K Zavoiskii and B M Kozyrev)

173

Fertility of frozen-thawed stallion semen cannot be predicted by the currently used laboratory methods  

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Full Text Available Abstract The aim of the project was to use current simple and practical laboratory tests and compare results with the foaling rates of mares inseminated with commercially produced frozen semen. In Exp. 1, semen was tested from 27 and in Exp. 2 from 23 stallions; 19 stallions participated in both experiments. The mean number of mares per stallion in both experiments was 37 (min. 7, max. 121. Sperm morphology was assessed and bacterial culture performed once per stallion. In Exp. 1, progressive motility after 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 h of incubation using light microscopy, motility characteristics measured with an automatic sperm analyzer, plasma membrane integrity using carboxyfluorescein diacetate/propidium iodide (CFDA/PI staining and light microscopy, plasma membrane integrity using PI staining and a fluorometer, plasma membrane integrity using a resazurin reduction test, and sperm concentration were evaluated. In Exp. 2, the same tests as in Exp. 1 and a hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST using both light microscopy and a fluorometer were performed immediately after thawing and after a 3-h incubation. Statistical analysis was done separately to all stallions and to those having ? 20 mares; in addition, stallions with foaling rates 20 mares, the artificial insemination dose showed a correlation coefficient of -0.58 (p

Koskinen E

2006-08-01

174

Semen cryopreservation protocols of Mangalarga Marchador stallions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The effect of the utilization of three semen protocols (Inra 82®, Merck Gema and Botu-crio®) and two filling techniques (0.25 and 0.50 mL straws) in Mangalarga Marchador stallions were studied in this experiment. Sperm parameters were assessed during processing and post-freezing. No interactions bet [...] ween the protocols and type of filling were observed, so they were assessed separately. Sperm parameters were not altered when the extender was added to the centrifugation; however, there was reduction of motility and strength when freezing extenders were added. The Botu-crio® protocol preserved the parameters of total and progressive sperm motility, smoothed path velocity (µm/s), straight line velocity (µm/s), track velocity (µm/s) and the average and fast spermatozoa percentage better than the others. No difference between the extenders for the percentage of sperm integrity was observed. There was no difference in the responses studied on the filling techniques. The stallions presented better freezing with the use of the Botu-crio® protocol. The best post-freezing viability results were found for semen frozen using the Botu-crio® protocol and there were no differences concerning the sperm quality comparing 0.25 and 0.50 mL straws.

Marcela Leite, Candeias; Marco Antonio, Alvarenga; Márcio Teoro do, Carmo; Heder Nunes, Ferreira; Mônica Russo Souto, Maior; Rodolpho de Almeida, Torres Filho; André Luís Rios, Rodrigues; Felipe Zandonadi, Brandão.

1989-19-01

175

Semen cryopreservation protocols of Mangalarga Marchador stallions  

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Full Text Available The effect of the utilization of three semen protocols (Inra 82®, Merck Gema and Botu-crio® and two filling techniques (0.25 and 0.50 mL straws in Mangalarga Marchador stallions were studied in this experiment. Sperm parameters were assessed during processing and post-freezing. No interactions between the protocols and type of filling were observed, so they were assessed separately. Sperm parameters were not altered when the extender was added to the centrifugation; however, there was reduction of motility and strength when freezing extenders were added. The Botu-crio® protocol preserved the parameters of total and progressive sperm motility, smoothed path velocity (µm/s, straight line velocity (µm/s, track velocity (µm/s and the average and fast spermatozoa percentage better than the others. No difference between the extenders for the percentage of sperm integrity was observed. There was no difference in the responses studied on the filling techniques. The stallions presented better freezing with the use of the Botu-crio® protocol. The best post-freezing viability results were found for semen frozen using the Botu-crio® protocol and there were no differences concerning the sperm quality comparing 0.25 and 0.50 mL straws.

Marcela Leite Candeias

2012-09-01

176

Persistent organic pollutants and semen quality: The LIFE Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Growing evidence suggests that persistent environmental chemicals such as polychlorinated biphenyls may adversely affect human fecundity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between persistent environmental chemicals and semen quality among 501 male partners of couples discontinuing contraception for purposes of becoming pregnant. Men provided a blood specimen and two fresh semen samples collected approximately a month apart that underwent next day analysis for 35 semen quality endpoints. Serum samples were analyzed for 36 polychlorinated biphenyls (congeners #18, 28, 44, 49, 52, 66, 74, 87, 99, 101, 114, 118, 128, 138, 146, 149, 151, 153, 156, 157, 167, 170, 172, 177, 178, 180, 183, 187, 189, 194, 195, 196, 201, 206, 209); 1 polybrominated biphenyl (#153); 9 organochlorine pesticides; and 10 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (congeners #17, 28, 47, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153, 154183) using high resolution mass spectrometry. To estimate the effect of chemicals on semen quality, we regressed each semen marker on each chemical while adjusting for research site, age, body mass index, serum lipids, and cotinine levels. Males with chemical concentrations in the fourth quartile, as compared to the first quartile, showed significant associations for several individual chemicals in each chemical class and type of semen quality parameter indicating negative and positive associations with semen quality. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in particular were associated with several measures of increased abnormal morphology. These exploratory results highlight the role of environmental influences on male fecundity, and are of particular interest given the ubiquitous exposures to these compounds. PMID:25441930

Mumford, Sunni L; Kim, Sungduk; Chen, Zhen; Gore-Langton, Robert E; Boyd Barr, Dana; Buck Louis, Germaine M

2014-11-28

177

Effect of Seasonal Variation on Semen Quality and Herd Fertility  

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Full Text Available The data of the present study were collected from Bangladesh Milk Producer`s Co-operative Union Limited (BMPCUL at Baghabarighat, Sirajgonj to investigate the bull performance among various seasons through semen quality and 30-day non return rate. To evaluate the seasonal variation on semen quality and bull fertility the experimental period was divided into three seasons; a Summer season (March to June, b Rainy season (July to October and c Winter season (November to February. Data on 245 ejaculates and 12,750 services of almost same aged 5 Sahiwal bulls (B1, B2, B3, B4 and B5 over a period of 5 years were collected from Animal Breeding section and Cattle Feed Unit of BMPCUL. The performance of five bulls was compared in three seasons i.e. summer, rainy and winter and summer was observed to be the best for most parameters studied. Seasons had significant (p<0.05 effect on semen volume, initial and post- thawing sperm motility and pH of semen but not on sperm motility of diluted semen and fertility. The significant (p<0.01 bull x season interaction was noticed in semen volume, sperm motility at initial and post-thawing stages, pH and fertility but not on sperm motility of diluted semen.

M.P. Mostari

2005-01-01

178

EFFECTS OF PHOTOSTIMULATION ON SEMEN PRODUCTION IN RHODE ISLAND ROOSTERS  

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Full Text Available In mammals the length of daylight has an oscillatory influence on semen production. It is known that in mammalian males highest semen output occurs mainly in spring and fall. It is possible that there is the same pattern in rooster semen production despite the anatomic differences regarding the testis location and, obviously local temperature. Considering these facts the present trial was set up in order to reveal effects of prolonged daylight – photo stimulation – on semen production in young roosters. All young roosters in the trial were divided in 3 groups, according to the age when photo stimulating schedule started. Photo stimulation was performed by moving young roosters from an 8h/day light to 14h / day light. Attempts of collecting semen up to the age of 20 weeks have failed showing relationship between body general development and semen output. Under prolonged light semen parameters as volume, motility and concentration changed from one week to the other. However, light is not the single factor inducing sexual maturity of the genital tract, but it could be used in young roosters in order to stimulate feed intake and thus overall body growth and development.

DANIELA LADOSI

2013-12-01

179

Semen preservation and artificial insemination in domesticated South American camelids.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen preservation and artificial insemination in South American camelids are reviewed giving emphasis to work done in Peru and by the authors. Reports on semen evaluation and the preservation process indicate that semen of alpacas and llamas can be manipulated by making it liquid first. Collagenase appears to be the best enzyme to eliminate viscosity. Tris buffer solution maintains a higher motility than egg-yolk citrate, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), Triladyl, and Merck-I extenders. Cooling of semen took 1h after collected, and equilibrated with 7% glycerol presented a better motility and spermatozoa survival at 1, 7, 15 and 30days after being slowly frozen in 0.25mL plastic straws. Trials of artificial insemination with freshly diluted semen and frozen-thawed semen are encouraging and needs to be tested extensively under field conditions. Recently, fertility rates varied from 3 to 67%. Semen preservation and most important, artificial insemination appear to be a reality, and could be used to improve the genetic quality of alpacas and llamas. PMID:23153624

Bravo, P Walter; Alarcon, V; Baca, L; Cuba, Y; Ordoñez, C; Salinas, J; Tito, F

2013-01-10

180

The relationship between the dietary provision of alpha-tocopherol and the concentration of this vitamin in the semen of chicken: effects on lipid composition and susceptibility to peroxidation.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is an attempt to enhance the resistance of chicken semen to peroxidative damage by supplementing the diet of cockerels with the major lipid-soluble antioxidant alpha-tocopherol. Cockerels at 6 months of age were fed for 8 weeks with feed containing 0, 20, 200 or 1000 mg alpha-tocopherol kg-1. Semen was collected during the final 2 weeks of the supplementation period and the concentrations of alpha-tocopherol in the spermatozoa and the seminal plasma were determined. The concentrations of alpha-tocopherol in whole semen, spermatozoa and seminal plasma were approximately twice as high when the supplementation was 200 mg kg-1 compared with when supplementation was 20 mg kg-1; however, supplementation at 1000 mg kg-1 did not achieve any further increase in these concentrations of alpha-tocopherol. Thus, the concentration of alpha-tocopherol in semen displays only a limited responsiveness to manipulation by dietary means. In contrast, the concentrations of the vitamin in the testes and liver were found to be much more amenable to dietary manipulation, exhibiting increases of six-seven-fold over the whole range of supplementation. However, the dietary-induced increase in the alpha-tocopherol content of semen did result in a significant reduction in the susceptibility of the semen to lipid peroxidation. A further effect of enhancing the concentration of this vitamin in the semen was a significant increase in the proportions of C20-22 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the sperm phospholipids. In addition, the proportion of phosphatidylethanolamine in the phospholipid was increased whereas that of sphingomyelin was reduced at the higher concentrations of alpha-tocopherol supplementation. Thus, an increased dietary intake of alpha-tocopherol does produce beneficial changes in the antioxidant capacity and lipid profile of semen, albeit to a relatively limited extent. PMID:9227356

Surai, P F; Kutz, E; Wishart, G J; Noble, R C; Speake, B K

1997-05-01

181

67 effects of antioxidants lactoferrin and catalase on stallion frozen semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

During cryopreservation, the sperm were submitted to an increased generation of reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, because of the large portion of seminal plasma removal, there is a decrease of sperm antioxidant protection. Addition of antioxidants proteins found in seminal plasma, such as lactoferrin (Lf) and catalase (Cat), to the freezing semen extenders could protect the sperm during cryopreservation. Lactoferrin is a transferrin, which prevents the hydroxyl radicals generation, and Cat plays an antioxidant role. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of Lf and Cat supplementation to the INRA 82 freezing extender (Battelier et al. 1997) on sperm motility parameters and membrane functionality of stallion frozen semen. Semen from 6 stallions was collected with an artificial vagina, diluted with Kenney extender (1:1), and centrifuged (500×g, 10min). The supernatant was discarded, and sperm number per milliliter was calculated. Semen was resuspended with 3 extenders to 100×10(6)spermmL(-1). The treatments were distributed in (F1) control, INRA 82 freezing extender (Battelier et al. 1997), (F2) F1+ 500?gmL(-1) lactoferrin, and F3) F1+200IUmL(-1) catalase. Semen samples were packaged in 0.5-mL straws and cooled to 5°C (0.27°Cmin(-1)). For semen freezing, the straws were laid over the LN vapor for 20min and plunged into the LN. The straws were thawed at 37°C for 30s. Motility parameters of frozen semen were determined using a computer sperm cell analysis, and sperm membrane functionality was assessed by the hyposmotic swelling test (Lagares et al. 1998). The data were analysed using Friedman test using stallion as a block. A probability of P<0.05 was considered significant. There was no significant difference between the percentage of total sperm motility (median, minimum-maximum value; F1: 29.9, 11.0-82.7; F2: 49.8, 7.7-55.2; F3: 39.8, 5.7-92) and progressive sperm motility (F1: 7.1, 3.2-23.3; F2: 13.4, 2.6-22.4; F3: 15.6, 1.1-29.6), and functional sperm membrane (F1: 26.7, 14.7-56.2; F2: 50.5, 15.7-61.7; F3: 46.6, 13.8-50.9) with regard to the treatment. However, the velocity parameters: velocity average path (F1: 29.3, 22.1-33.80; F2: 34.6, 24.8-44; F3: 35.7, 18.2-42.6), velocity curvilinear (F1: 36.9, 30.5-45.1; F2: 42.5, 34.7-51; F3: 44.6, 25.5-50.9), and velocity straight line (F1: 23.4, 17-3.60; F2: 28.9, 18.8-38.2; F3: 26.6, 13.6-37.2) in the treatment with Lf (F2) were higher compared with the control (F1; P<0.05). These results corroborate with studies reporting the lack of positive effect on equine sperm motility when antioxidants were added to skim milk-based extenders. Although the addition of Lf or Cat to skim milk-based extenders did not improve the motility sperm characteristics and sperm membrane functionality, more studies about the positive effect of Lf on the velocity parameters are necessary. Lactoferrin could then play an important role on the oxidative metabolism, which provides energy to the sperm movement. PMID:25472116

Martins, H S; Brito, M F; Sampaio, I B M; Stahlberg, R; Souza, M R; Penna, C F A M; Lagares, M A

2014-12-01

182

Increasing Extender Viscosity Improves the Quality of Cooled Boar Semen  

OpenAIRE

The use of several types of gelling extenders for the storage of semen from several domestic species in the solid state has been shown to have beneficial effects on some semen quality parameters. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new high-viscosity semen extender, Zoosperm ND-5 3D® (Import-Vet, Centelles, Spain), on the the quality of boar spermatozoa at preserved at 17ºC for 7 days. Sodium alginate was used for the first time to increas...

Maria Cruz Gil; Francisco Javier Barón; Jesús Manuel Guerrero; Luis Jesús García-Marín; Javier Gil

2014-01-01

183

CORRELATION BETWEEN HYPO-OSMOTIC SWELLING TEST AND VARIOUS CONVENTIONAL SEMEN EVALUATION PARAMETERS IN FRESH NILI-RAVI BUFFALO AND SAHIWAL COW BULL SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

The present study was conducted to determine the correlation of hypo-osmotic swelling test with conventional semen evaluation parameters of fresh semen collected from two Nili-Ravi buffalo and two Sahiwal cow bulls. A total of 10 pooled samples (each comprising two consecutive ejaculates) from each bull were collected. Each semen sample was divided into two parts. One part was used for the evaluation of semen by conventional method, while the other part was subjected to hypo-osmotic swelling ...

L A Lodhi, M. Zubair

2008-01-01

184

Bulls grazing Kentucky 31 tall fescue exhibit impaired growth, semen quality, and decreased semen freezing potential.  

Science.gov (United States)

Serum prolactin (PRL) and testosterone concentrations, body weight, body composition, semen quality, and semen freezing potential for bulls grazing the toxic tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum [Schreb.] Darbysh. = Schedonorous arundinaceum [Schreb.] Dumort.) cultivar Kentucky 31 (E+) compared with a novel endophyte cultivar lacking ergot alkaloids (E-) were evaluated. Angus bulls were allotted to treatment (Day 0) and grazed E+ or E- for 155 days. Treatment-by-day interaction was significant (P  0.05). Further, bulls on the E+ treatment exhibited decreased total gain, average daily gain, and body weight by Day 140 (P < 0.05) compared with the E- bulls. Rump muscle depth was lower because the treatment in bulls grazing E+ compared with E- (P < 0.05) and intramuscular fat in the E- bulls compared with the E+ group was higher by Day 155 (P < 0.05). Analysis of ejaculates showed significant treatment × day effects for sperm concentration with lower values observed for bulls on the E+ treatment (P < 0.05). The percent normal morphology was reduced in ejaculates from E+ bulls compared with E- bulls (P < 0.05), and the difference was due to an increase in abnormal sperm present in the E+ ejaculates from Day 84 to 140 (P < 0.05). In addition, spermatozoa motility and progressive motility were decreased on thawing in semen samples from E+ bulls compared with E- bulls (P < 0.05). PMID:25459421

Pratt, S L; Stowe, H M; Whitlock, B K; Strickland, L; Miller, M; Calcatera, S M; Dimmick, M D; Aiken, G E; Schrick, F N; Long, N M; Duckett, S K; Andrae, J G

2015-02-01

185

EFFECT OF TWO PROTOCOLS OF CRYOPRESERVATION ON FERTILIZING CAPACITY OF STALLION (Equus caballus SEMEN EFECTO DE DOS PROTOCOLOS DE CRIOPRESERVACIÓN SOBRE LA CAPACIDAD FECUNDANTE DE SEMEN EQUINO (Equus caballus  

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Full Text Available Abstract. Semen cryopreservation is a fundamental process for the development of biotechnologies for assisted reproduction in horses. The use of cryopreservation techniques with changes in concentrations and the nature of the cryoprotectant, as well as, the different types of vials for storage of semen, have become an alternative to improve the protocols used. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of two protocols of cryopreservation (freezing and vitrification on the fertilizing capacity of stallion semen. The study was conducted with horses of the Criollo Colombiano breed. For freezing was used a extender supplemented with egg yolk (4% and dimethyl formamide (5%, and 0.5 mL straws as vials, whereas for vitrification, the extender was supplemented with egg yolk (8% and dimethyl formamide (8%, and cryovials were used as carriers. As post thaw parameters were evaluated: progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and integrity of the plasma membrane through the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS. For statistical evaluation was fitted a generalized linear model (GLM and means were compared by the Tukey test. Were found average percentages of progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and HOS of 41.6 ± 11.8 and 37 ± 8.5, 54.3 ± 10.2 and 52.3 ± 7.8, 83.1 ± 5.4 and 83.6 ± 5.8, 41.7 ± 9.8 and 38.9 ± 3.6, for cryopreserved semen by freezing and vitrification, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences (P ? 0.05 between treatments for any of the parameters evaluated. The fertilizing capacity of equine semen cryopreserved by vitrification is comparable to that obtained by conventional freezing.Resumen. La criopreservación de semen es un proceso fundamental en el desarrollo de biotecnologías para la reproducción asistida en equinos. El uso de diferentes técnicas de criopreservación con cambios en las concentraciones y la naturaleza de los crioprotectores, así como en los diferentes tipos de soportes para el almacenamiento del semen, se ha constituido en una alternativa para mejorar los protocolos empleados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dos protocolos de criopreservación (congelación y vitrificación, sobre la capacidad fecundante del semen equino. El estudio se realizó con equinos de la raza Criollo Colombiano. Para la congelación se empleó un diluyente suplementado con de yema de huevo (4% y dimetilformamida (5%, y pajillas de 0,5 mL como soportes; mientras que para la vitrificación, el diluyente fue suplementado con yema de huevo (8% y dimetilformamida (8% y se usaron crioviales como soportes. Post-descongelación, se evaluaron los parámetros: movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal e integridad de la membrana plasmática (HOS. Para la evaluación estadística se ajustó un modelo lineal generalizado (GLM y las medias se compararon por la prueba de Tukey. Se encontraron porcentajes promedio de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal y HOS de 41,6±11,8 y 37,0±8,5, 54,3±10,2 y 52,3±7,8, 83,1±5,4 y 83,6±5,8, 41,7±9,8 y 38,9±3,6, para el semen criopreservado por congelación y vitrificación, respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (P ? 0,05 entre los tratamientos para ninguno de los parámetros evaluados. La capacidad fecundante del semen equino criopreservado por vitrificación es equiparable a la obtenida por congelación convencional.

Giovanni Restrepo Betancur

2012-06-01

186

Effect of low density lipoproteins in extender on freezability and fertility of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to determine whether low-density lipoporoteins (LDLs) extracted from egg yolk in extender improve the freezability and fertility of buffalo bull semen. Semen from three Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls was diluted at 37 °C with tris-citric acid extender (50 × 10(6) motile spermatozoa mL(-1)) containing LDLs 2.5%, 5%, 10%, and 15% extracted from egg yolk and extender containing 20% egg yolk was kept as control. Diluted semen was cooled to 4 °C in 2 h, equilibrated at 4 °C for 4 h, filled in 0.5 mL French straws, and kept on liquid nitrogen vapors for 10 min. Straws were then plunged and stored in liquid nitrogen (-196 °C). Sperm motility (visually; %), plasma membrane integrity (%; with supravital hypo-osmotic swelling test), and viability (%; with dual staining test using Trypan-blue Giemsa) were assessed at post-dilution, pre-freezing and post-thawing. At post-dilution and pre-freezing, sperm progressive motility, plasma membrane integrity and viability was similar (P > 0.05) in extender containing 10% LDLs or the control. However, at post-thaw the aforementioned parameters were higher (P buffalo bull spermatozoa. PMID:21601914

Akhter, S; Ansari, M S; Rakha, B A; Andrabi, S M H; Khalid, M; Ullah, N

2011-09-01

187

Evidence of excretion of Schmallenberg virus in bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a novel orthobunyavirus, discovered in Germany in late 2011. It mainly infects cattle, sheep and goats and could lead to congenital infection, causing abortion and fetal abnormalities. SBV is transmitted by biting midges from the Culicoides genus and there is no evidence that natural infection occurs directly between ruminants. Here, we could detect SBV RNA in infected bull semen using qRT-PCR (three bulls out of seven tested positive; 29 positive semen batches out of 136). We also found that highly positive semen batches from SBV infected bulls can provoke an acute infection in IFNAR-/- mice, suggesting the potential presence of infectious virus in the semen of SBV infected bulls. PMID:24708245

Ponsart, Claire; Pozzi, Nathalie; Bréard, Emmanuel; Catinot, Virginie; Viard, Guillaume; Sailleau, Corinne; Viarouge, Cyril; Gouzil, Julie; Beer, Martin; Zientara, Stéphan; Vitour, Damien

2014-01-01

188

Amides as cryoprotectants for freezing stallion semen: a review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Stallion semen cryopreservation, despite its impact on the horse industry, is not an established technology. During the last years, a number of modifications have been proposed to the freezing process, however, a large population of stallions still have poor semen quality and fertility after frozen-thawed. Glycerol toxicity could be a reason for the variation on stallion sperm freezability. There are limited publications concerning the use of alternative cryoprotectants for equine sperm. Glycerol is contraceptive for some species and other cryoprotectors, such as amides, have been show to be a good option for freezing semen of these species. Recent reports have shown encouraging data respecting the use of amides as cryoprotectants for stallions, with more remarkable improvements for semen from stallions that freeze poorly when glycerol is used. PMID:16099609

Alvarenga, M A; Papa, F O; Landim-Alvarenga, F C; Medeiros, A S L

2005-10-01

189

Relación entre calidad del semen y la edad / Relationship between quality of semen and age  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la calidad del semen humano y la edad. Material y Métodos: El espermatograma se realizó siguiendo el Manual de Laboratorio de la OMS para el examen del Semen Humano y de la Interacción Moco Cervical y Semen (1999), de los exámenes realizados entre julio 2003 a [...] diciembre 2008. Se estudiaron 2 441 casos de varones que cumplen con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: La motilidad A+B fue de 51,55% para varones de 20 a 29 años; los espermatozoides normales fue de 77,73% para varones mayores de 50 años; el recuento espermático (mill/ml) fue de 61,09 para varones mayores de 50 años.La evaluación de la motilidad espermática tuvo como coeficiente de correlación lineal múltiple de 0,222 y coeficiente de determinación de 0,049; en la morfología espermática, coeficiente de correlación lineal de 0,0622 y coeficiente de determinación de 0,0039; en el recuento espermático, coeficiente de correlación lineal múltiple de 0,465 y coeficiente de determinación de 0,216. Conclusiones: existe una tendencia inversa entre la motilidad y la edad, una tendencia directa entre el recuento espermático y la edad, y una tendencia constante entre morfología espermática y edad. Abstract in english Objectives: To determine the relationship between the quality of human semen and age. Methods: A spermatogram was performed following the WHO´s laboratory manual to evaluate human sperm and the interaction between cervical mucus and semen (1999) from July 2003 and December 2008. We studied 2441 male [...] cases that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Results: A+B motility was 51.55% for 20-29 years of age male participants; normal spermatozoids were found in 77.73% of males above 50 years of age; the spermatic count (mill/ml) was 61.09 for males above 50 years of age. Spermatic motility had a multiple lineal correlation coefficient of 0.222 and a determination coefficient of 0.049; respective values for the spermatic count were 0.465 and 0.216. Conclusions: There is an inverse trend between motility and age, a direct trend between spermatic count and age, and a constant trend between spermatic morphology and age.

John, Chávez; José, Yarlequé; Elmer, Avalos; Ruth, Barrientos-Marka; MarcoAntonio, García.

2012-07-01

190

In vitro fertility assessment of Kundhi buffalo bull semen  

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Full Text Available The study was conducted on in-vitro fertility assessment of frozen thawed semen collected from Kundhi buffalo bull maintained at Department of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam. Before freezing of semen, each ejaculate was assessed for volume, sperm concentration, mass activity and moss motility percentage. Twenty semen samples having motility 60% or above were frozen for post-thaw assessment. Frozen thawed semen was incubated at 250C for 5 hours and examined for progressive linear motility and live dead sperm count. The mean volume, mass activity, moss motility percentage sperm concentrations and pH of the semen were found to be 2.79±0.217 ml, 2.85±0.111, 71.75±2.621, 11.35±1.255 millions/ml and 5.8185±0.092 respectively of fresh semen. No significant difference was found between the parameters except pH, which was significantly different between the bulls. The mean sperm motility percentage and live dead sperm count % of Kundhi buffalo bull semen was found to be 20.46±1.62 and 6.9± 0.2% for frozen semen. A significant (P< 0.05 difference was found between the bulls for post-thaw motility percentage. It was found that at 01 hour incubation, 43.25±2.95% of sperms were motile having 11.78±0.28 % dead sperm count. It was gradually decline from 0 to 5 hours incubation, After 5 hours, all sperms were found dead. It is concluded that sperms maintaining long term motility and having less live dead sperms count were considered suitable for artificial insemination.

Hamzo Khan Kunbhar,

2011-02-01

191

Drivers and food web effects of Gonyostomum semen blooms  

OpenAIRE

The flagellate Gonyostomum semen forms dense late-summer blooms in humic lakes and is a nuisance to swimmers because it forms a slimy coat on the skin, causing irritation in sensitive individuals. Increasing occurrence and bloom incidence of G. semen has been reported during recent decades, but it is not clear which factors affect the distribution and bloom formation of this alga. Large cell size, ejection of long, slimy threads (trichocysts), and nighttime migration to the hypolimnion may li...

Johansson, Karin S. L.

2013-01-01

192

Artificial insemination and cryopreservation of semen from nondomestic birds  

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Studies of Al and cryopreservation of semen from nondomestic birds began because of the increased emphasis on conservation of avian species threatened with extinction. Over the years, aviculturists have developed techniques for Al and cryopreservation of semen obtained from a variety of birds ranging from passerines to Andean condors. Generally, for each new species, we develop a practical semen collection technique and then evaluate the semen. A commercial semen extender (Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender) is modified and used to dilute the semen and provide support for the sperm during the freezing process (the pH and osmolality of the extender is adjusted to reflect the pH and osmolality of the semen being frozen). We find that the freezing schedule developed by Sexton (1977), which utilizes dimethylsulfoxide (DMS0) as cryoprotectant, works well for many species. We cool the sample sequentially in an ethanol bath, in liquid nitrogen vapor, and lastly in liquid nitrogen. Although we have experimented with a variety of freezing protocols, we prefer a 15-min equilibration period in DMSO at 5 C. We begin the freezing process by cooling at -1 C/min from 5 to -20 C in the ethanol bath. The samples are transferred into a vapor tank at a location just above liquid nitrogen and frozen at -50 C/min to -80 C. To complete the freezing process, the samples are plunged into the liquid nitrogen in the bottom of the vapor tank. The samples remain in liquid nitrogen until they are thawed just before insemination. If necessary, the freezing equipment can be transported in a van to remote locations.

Gee, G.F.

1995-01-01

193

Electron microscopy as a tool for canine semen evaluation.  

OpenAIRE

La evaluación de semen canino puede brindar información importante relacionada con la capacidad fecundante del semen fresco o congelado. El estudio de la morfología espermática en el microscopio óptico provee información limitada sobre la estructura del espermatozoide. Sin embargo, el microscopio electrónico de barrido y el microscopio electrónico de transmisión pueden revelar más detalles de la estructura espermática. Es así que muchos espermatozoides considerados morfológicamen...

Jurado, Susana B.; Sarmiento, P.; Stornelli, A.

2008-01-01

194

Semen quality in relation to biomarkers of pesticide exposure.  

OpenAIRE

We previously reported reduced sperm concentration and motility in fertile men in a U.S. agrarian area (Columbia, MO) relative to men from U.S. urban centers (Minneapolis, MN; Los Angeles, CA; New York, NY). In the present study we address the hypothesis that pesticides currently used in agriculture in the Midwest contributed to these differences in semen quality. We selected men in whom all semen parameters (concentration, percentage sperm with normal morphology, and percentage motile sperm)...

Swan, Shanna H.; Kruse, Robin L.; Liu, Fan; Barr, Dana B.; Drobnis, Erma Z.; Redmon, J. Bruce; Wang, Christina; Brazil, Charlene; Overstreet, James W.

2003-01-01

195

The effect of dietary supplementation with blueberry, alpha-tocopherol or astaxanthin on oxidative stability of Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective was to determine the oxidative stability of Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) semen following dietary supplementation with lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) product, alpha-tocopherol, alpha-tocopherol+blueberry product, or alpha-tocopherol+astaxanthin. Sperm lipid peroxidation was initiated by challenging with ferrous sulphate/ascorbic acid (Fe(++)/Asc) at level of 0.04/0.2 mmol/L. Addition of blueberry, alpha-tocopherol, or both to char diets inhibited semen lipid peroxidation by: (a) decreasing the rate of sperm lipid peroxidation, an effect which was more pronounced with alpha-tocopherol treatments; and (b) increasing the antioxidant potential of seminal plasma, based on the lipid peroxidation process of sperm and an in vitro chicken brain tissue model. Dietary supplementation with astaxanthin and alpha-tocopherol had the same effect as the supplementation with alpha-tocopherol alone on inhibiting the lipid peroxidation process of sperm and chicken brain. Catalase-like activity increased significantly in sperm of fish fed alpha-tocopherol, blueberry, or both. There was a negative correlation (r= -0.397, P tocopherol levels increased significantly in fish supplemented with alpha-tocopherol alone or in combination with blueberry or astaxanthin. There were negative correlations between seminal plasma alpha-tocopherol levels and lipid peroxidation rates of sperm cells (r= -0.625, P tocopherol inhibited lipid peroxidation in Arctic char semen. Further experiments are needed to test the effect of dietary blueberry and antioxidants on Arctic char semen quality during liquid and cryopreserved storage. PMID:16420960

Mansour, Nabil; McNiven, Mary A; Richardson, Gavin F

2006-07-15

196

THE EFFECT OF IN VITRO SEMEN STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND AGE OF MALES ON SPERMATOZOA MOTILITY PARAMETERS OF TURKEYS SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

This work was to evaluate the effect of in vitro storage temperature and age of males on turkey spermatozoa motility. For this purpose samples were collected from British United Turkeys (BUT) Big 6 line and semen quality was assessed by using Computer Assisted Semen Analyzer (CASA) system. After 60 minutes of storage spermatozoa motility, progressive motility and amplitude of lateral head displacement decreased significantly both in 4° and 41°C regardless of birds age. However the lowest va...

Joanna Paluch; Tomáš Slanina; Peter Massányi; Robert Stawarz

2013-01-01

197

ABSORPSI AIR KOMPOSIT SEMEN SEKAM PADI DENGAN PENAMBAHAN POZZOLAN ABU SEKAM PADI DAN KAPUR PADA MATRIKS SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

Penelitian tahun II ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui nilai konduktivitas panas komposit semen dalam bentuk conblock ringan yang dibuat dari komposisi campuran berbagai kombinasi perlakuan abu sekam padi, sekam padi, dan matriks semen Portland dan kapur. Nilai konduktivitas panas material yang cocok untuk sekat ruangan atau dinding yaitu lebih kecil dari 1 W/m 0C. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental yang menggunakan percobaan faktorial dengan rancangan dasar rancangan acak lengk...

Bakri; Baharuddin1

2013-01-01

198

Quality of stallion semen obtained by a new semen collection phantom (Equidame) versus a Missouri artificial vagina.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was performed to test a new semen collection device (Equidame phantom) that fractionates the ejaculate by comparing the quality of semen obtained by the Equidame phantom with that obtained by a Missouri artificial vagina. Semen from 4 Finnhorse stallions was collected 4 times per stallion by both methods. Half of the ejaculate was frozen and the other half extended and loaded into 2 Equitainer transport containers (24- and 48-h samples). Motility parameters were determined by a Hamilton-Thorn motility analyzer after cooled storage for 24 and 48 h and again after freezing/thawing. Raw and chilled semen samples were cultured and the number of bacterial colonies counted after incubations of 24 and 48 h. After a 24-h incubation the number of colony-forming units (CFU) in raw semen was significantly higher (Psemen samples contained no bacteria after an incubation of 24 h, and 69% yielded no growth after 48 h. The sperm-rich fractions (Cup 2) collected by the Equidame phantom had lower mean volumes (22.1 +/- 2.3 mL [+/- SEM] versus 101.6 +/- 9.3 mL) and significantly higher mean sperm concentrations (218.0 +/- 25.8 x 10(6) vs 86.2 +/- 8.1 x 10(6) cells/mL; Pfrozen-thawed semen did not differ significantly between collection methods. The Equidame phantom yielded semen that was of a lower bacteriological colony counts, but had sperm motility similar to that of semen collected with the traditional method by the Missouri artificial vagina. PMID:10729034

Lindeberg, H; Karjalainen, H; Koskinen, E; Katila, T

1999-04-15

199

Relationships between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters in rams.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to evaluate the correlation between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters in rams. In this study, five fertility-proven Awassi rams were used as material. Six ejaculates were collected from each ram by an artificial vagina. Spermatological parameters (semen volume, mass activity, sperm motility and concentration and abnormal sperm rate) were immediately determined in each ejaculate. For enzyme assay, the semen samples were centrifuged and stored at -20 °C for the analysis of arginase activity. The average seminal plasma arginase activity was 0.61 ± 0.20 U (mg protein)(-1) . There was a positive correlation between arginase activity and semen volume (r = 0.412, P semen mass activity (r = 0.610, P semen analysis parameters in rams. PMID:21848887

Gür, S; Kandemir, F M

2012-04-01

200

The semen microbiome and its relationship with local immunology and viral load in HIV infection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen is a major vector for HIV transmission, but the semen HIV RNA viral load (VL) only correlates moderately with the blood VL. Viral shedding can be enhanced by genital infections and associated inflammation, but it can also occur in the absence of classical pathogens. Thus, we hypothesized that a dysregulated semen microbiome correlates with local HIV shedding. We analyzed semen samples from 49 men who have sex with men (MSM), including 22 HIV-uninfected and 27 HIV-infected men, at baseline and after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR. We studied the relationship of semen bacteria with HIV infection, semen cytokine levels, and semen VL by linear regression, non-metric multidimensional scaling, and goodness-of-fit test. Streptococcus, Corynebacterium, and Staphylococcus were common semen bacteria, irrespective of HIV status. While Ureaplasma was the more abundant Mollicutes in HIV-uninfected men, Mycoplasma dominated after HIV infection. HIV infection was associated with decreased semen microbiome diversity and richness, which were restored after six months of ART. In HIV-infected men, semen bacterial load correlated with seven pro-inflammatory semen cytokines, including IL-6 (p = 0.024), TNF-? (p = 0.009), and IL-1b (p = 0.002). IL-1b in particular was associated with semen VL (r(2)? = 0.18, p = 0.02). Semen bacterial load was also directly linked to the semen HIV VL (r(2) = 0.15, p = 0.02). HIV infection reshapes the relationship between semen bacteria and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and both are linked to semen VL, which supports a role of the semen microbiome in HIV sexual transmission. PMID:25058515

Liu, Cindy M; Osborne, Brendan J W; Hungate, Bruce A; Shahabi, Kamnoosh; Huibner, Sanja; Lester, Richard; Dwan, Michael G; Kovacs, Colin; Contente-Cuomo, Tania L; Benko, Erika; Aziz, Maliha; Price, Lance B; Kaul, Rupert

2014-07-01

201

SEMEN QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF NEW ZEALAND WHITE RABBIT BUCKS  

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Full Text Available Rabbits have been extensively used as a model for large animals and humans. All the reproduction techniques employed with farm animals can be performed with the low-cost rabbit model, and certain placental membrane characteristics make them especially relevant for studies of human teratology. The purpose of this study was to assess semen quality of New Zealand White rabbits. The material represents semen samples collected from adult rabbits (n=30. The semen was obtained by means of artificial vagina. All samples were analyzed using CASA Sperm VisionTM system. To assessed spermatozoa morphology (the length and the width of head and tail; presence of abnormal spermatozoa we used QuickPhoto Micro system. Received data were statistically analyzed. Our research showed decrease of semen parameters value after one hour storage in 37°C. Correlation analysis showed negative correlation between presence of spermatozoa with separated flagellum and CASA parameters value e.g. motility, progressive motility, DAP, DCL, DSL, VAP, VCL, VSL, ALH and BCF. From among 3000 analyzed spermatozoa 14.2% posed abnormal forms. We observed negative influence of semen storage on its quality. Also negative correlations between all types of tail defect and motility of spermatozoa were detectedRabbits have been extensively used as a model for large animals and humans. All the reproduction techniques employed with farm animals can be performed with the low-cost rabbit model, and certain placental membrane characteristics make them especially relevant for studies of human teratology. The purpose of this study was to assess semen quality of New Zealand White rabbits. The material represents semen samples collected from adult rabbits (n=30. The semen was obtained by means of artificial vagina. All samples were analyzed using CASA Sperm VisionTM system. To assessed spermatozoa morphology (the length and the width of head and tail; presence of abnormal spermatozoa we used QuickPhoto Micro system. Received data were statistically analyzed. Our research showed decrease of semen parameters value after one hour storage in 37°C. Correlation analysis showed negative correlation between presence of spermatozoa with separated flagellum and CASA parameters value e.g. motility, progressive motility, DAP, DCL, DSL, VAP, VCL, VSL, ALH and BCF. From among 3000 analyzed spermatozoa 14.2% posed abnormal forms. We observed negative influence of semen storage on its quality. Also negative correlations between all types of tail defect and motility of spermatozoa were detected.

Martyna B?aszczyk

2013-02-01

202

Peptides related to thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH) in human prostate and semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The TRH-related peptide, pGlu-Glu-ProNH2, which was first identified in rabbit prostate has recently been named fertilization-promoting peptide (FPP) because of its ability to enhance the in vitro fertilizing potential of mouse epididymal spermatozoa. This study set out to examine the nature of the TRH-related peptides in human prostate and semen but, first, the optimal conditions for collection of semen samples were investigated. FPP was degraded slowly (t1/2 = 163 min, S.E. +/- 51.3, n = 6) in seminal plasma which has allowed us to measure accurately the concentrations of FPP, after extraction of the peptide in acidified acetone precisely 5 min after ejaculation. In this way, high levels of FPP (mean: 49.5 nmol/l) were detected in normal human semen, from young men, although other TRH-related peptides did not appear to be present. We have also examined the TRH-related peptides present in prostate samples from clinical patients both with and without evidence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), by ion-exchange chromatography followed by radioimmunoassay. Substantial concentrations of FPP were observed in normal (4.10 pmol/g tissue, S.E. +/- 1.46) and BPH prostate (6.27 pmol/g tissue, S.E. +/- 1.65). In addition, a second, neutral TRH-immunoreactive peptide was always detected in BPH tissue (7.40 pmol/g tissue, S.E. +/- 1.98) with only low levels generally present in normal prostate. The possibility that the presence of high levels of the neutral peptide in prostate may be used as an indicator of the onset of BPH deserves further scrutiny. PMID:7522575

Cockle, S M; Prater, G V; Thetford, C R; Hamilton, C; Malone, P R; Mundy, A R

1994-10-21

203

EFFECT OF TWO PROTOCOLS OF CRYOPRESERVATION ON FERTILIZING CAPACITY OF STALLION (Equus caballus) SEMEN / EFECTO DE DOS PROTOCOLOS DE CRIOPRESERVACIÓN SOBRE LA CAPACIDAD FECUNDANTE DE SEMEN EQUINO (Equus caballus)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Resumen. La criopreservación de semen es un proceso fundamental en el desarrollo de biotecnologías para la reproducción asistida en equinos. El uso de diferentes técnicas de criopreservación con cambios en las concentraciones y la naturaleza de los crioprotectores, así como en los diferentes tipos d [...] e soportes para el almacenamiento del semen, se ha constituido en una alternativa para mejorar los protocolos empleados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dos protocolos de criopreservación (congelación y vitrificación), sobre la capacidad fecundante del semen equino. El estudio se realizó con equinos de la raza Criollo Colombiano. Para la congelación se empleó un diluyente suplementado con de yema de huevo (4%) y dimetilformamida (5%), y pajillas de 0,5 mL como soportes; mientras que para la vitrificación, el diluyente fue suplementado con yema de huevo (8%) y dimetilformamida (8%) y se usaron crioviales como soportes. Post-descongelación, se evaluaron los parámetros: movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal e integridad de la membrana plasmática (HOS). Para la evaluación estadística se ajustó un modelo lineal generalizado (GLM) y las medias se compararon por la prueba de Tukey. Se encontraron porcentajes promedio de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal y HOS de 41,6±11,8 y 37,0±8,5, 54,3±10,2 y 52,3±7,8, 83,1±5,4 y 83,6±5,8, 41,7±9,8 y 38,9±3,6, para el semen criopreservado por congelación y vitrificación, respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (P ? 0,05) entre los tratamientos para ninguno de los parámetros evaluados. La capacidad fecundante del semen equino criopreservado por vitrificación es equiparable a la obtenida por congelación convencional. Abstract in english Abstract. Semen cryopreservation is a fundamental process for the development of biotechnologies for assisted reproduction in horses. The use of cryopreservation techniques with changes in concentrations and the nature of the cryoprotectant, as well as, the different types of vials for storage of se [...] men, have become an alternative to improve the protocols used. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of two protocols of cryopreservation (freezing and vitrification) on the fertilizing capacity of stallion semen. The study was conducted with horses of the Criollo Colombiano breed. For freezing was used a extender supplemented with egg yolk (4%) and dimethyl formamide (5%), and 0.5 mL straws as vials, whereas for vitrification, the extender was supplemented with egg yolk (8%) and dimethyl formamide (8%), and cryovials were used as carriers. As post thaw parameters were evaluated: progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and integrity of the plasma membrane through the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS). For statistical evaluation was fitted a generalized linear model (GLM) and means were compared by the Tukey test. Were found average percentages of progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and HOS of 41.6 ± 11.8 and 37 ± 8.5, 54.3 ± 10.2 and 52.3 ± 7.8, 83.1 ± 5.4 and 83.6 ± 5.8, 41.7 ± 9.8 and 38.9 ± 3.6, for cryopreserved semen by freezing and vitrification, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences (P ? 0.05) between treatments for any of the parameters evaluated. The fertilizing capacity of equine semen cryopreserved by vitrification is comparable to that obtained by conventional freezing.

Giovanni, Restrepo Betancur; Juan Esteban, Duque Cortés; Juan David, Montoya Páez.

2012-06-01

204

Toxicity of cryoprotectants to honey bee semen and queens.  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the threats to the intraspecific biodiversity of Apis mellifera and the pressure on bee breeding to come up with disease-tolerant lines, techniques to cryopreserve drone semen are of great interest. Freeze-thawed drone semen of high viability and/or motility has repeatedly been obtained, but fertility of such semen, when it was measured, was always low. The cryoprotective agent (CPA) most frequently used with drone semen is dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), although this substance has been suspected of causing genetic damage in sperm. No form of sperm washing is currently performed. Using a membrane permeability assay, we measured the short-term toxicity of four possible replacements for DMSO, 1,3-propane diol, 2,3-butane diol, ethylene glycol, and dimethyl formamide. We also tested whether the practice of inseminating queens with CPA-containing semen affects sperm numbers in the storage organs of queens, or sperm fertility. Finally, we tested whether CPA-toxicity in vivo can be reduced by using mixtures of two CPAs, DMSO, and ethylene glycol. Our results show that, although short-term toxicity of all CPAs tested was low, the presence of single CPAs in insemination mixtures at concentrations required for slow freezing greatly reduced the number of sperm reaching the spermatheca. Contrary to earlier reports, this was also true for DMSO. Ethylene glycol was additionally shown to reduce the viability of spermatozoa reaching the storage organ. Mixtures of DMSO and EthGly performed better than either substance used singly at the same concentration. We conclude that the toxicity of CPAs, including DMSO, on honey bee semen and/or queens has been underestimated in the past. This could partly explain the discrepancy between in vitro and in vivo quality of cryopreserved drone semen, described by others. Combinations of several CPAs and techniques to partly remove CPAs after thawing could help to solve this problem. PMID:22115807

Wegener, J; Bienefeld, K

2012-02-01

205

Fertility of Cow in Using Locally Produced Chilled and Imported Frozen Semen  

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Full Text Available The experiment was carried out at Central Cattle Breeding Station and Dairy farm, Savar, Dhaka, and 3 sub- station and 9 points of Chandpur District in Bangladesh to evaluate the quality and fertilizing capacity of locally produced chilled and imported frozen semen. Motility, sperm concentration and mass activity of semen from different experimental bulls were almost similar. Quality of imported frozen semen was better than that of locally produced chilled semen in respect of motility, motile sperm/ Insemination dose and spermatozoa with normal head. Motility and pH value of semen decreased significantly for transportation and prolongation of preservation duration. Average conception rate of imported frozen semen (57.33 was found to be higher than locally produced chilled semen (45.33. But it was similar between imported frozen (57.33 and average of 1st & 2nd day preserved semen (57%.

A. K. Das

2002-01-01

206

EVALUATION OF CHROMOSOME BREAKAGE AND DNA INTEGRITY IN SPERM: AN INVESTIGATION OF REMOTE SEMEN COLLECTION CONDITIONS  

Science.gov (United States)

Home collection of ejaculated semen would facilitate participation rates and geographic diversity in reproductive epidemiology studies. Our study addressed concerns that home collection and overnight mail return might induce chromosome/DNA damage. We collected semen from 10 hea...

207

Detection of Neospora caninum DNA in semen of experimental infected rams with no evidence of horizontal transmission in ewes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent reports from New Zealand indicate Neospora caninum has a possible role in causing abortions in sheep. Transmission of N. caninum via semen has been documented in cattle. This study aimed to investigate if horizontal transmission through semen was also possible in sheep. Initially, 6-month old crossbred ram lambs (n=32), seronegative to N. caninum, were divided into 4 equal groups. Group 1 remained uninoculated whilst the remainder were inoculated with N. caninum tachyzoites intravenously as follows: Group 2 - 50 tachyzoites; Group 3 - 10(3) tachyzoites; Group 4 - 10(7) tachyzoites. Semen samples were collected weekly for 8 weeks for the detection of N. caninum DNA and quantified using quantitative PCR (qPCR). Plasma collected 1 month post-inoculation was subjected to ELISA (IDEXX Chekit) and Western blot. At 2 weeks post-infection, three rams from Group 1 (uninoculated) and three rams from Group 4 (10(7)tachyzoites/ml) were mated with two groups of 16 ewes over two oestrus cycles. Ewe sera collected 1 and 2 months post-mating were tested for seroconversion by ELISA and Western blot. All experimentally infected rams seroconverted by 1 month with ELISA S/P% values ranging from 11% to 36.5% in Group 2, 12-39.5% in Group 3 and 40-81% in Group 4. However, none of the ewes mated with the experimentally infected rams seroconverted. For the Western blot, responses towards immunodominant antigens (IDAs) were observed in ram sera directed against proteins at 10, 17, 21, 25-29, 30, 31, 33 and 37 kDa. Rams in Group 2, 3 and 4 were noted to have at least 3 IDAs present. None of the ewes showed any of the 8 prominent IDAs except for the one at 21 kDa which was seen in 30 out of 32 ewes in both groups. N. caninum DNA was detected intermittently in the ram's semen up to 5 weeks post-inoculation with the concentrations ranging from that equivalent to 1-889 tachyzoites per ml of semen. Low concentrations of N. caninum DNA were also detected in the brain tissue of two rams (Groups 1 and 4). These results suggest that although N. caninum DNA can be found in the semen of experimentally infected rams, the transmission of N. caninum via natural mating is an unlikely event. PMID:23819894

Syed-Hussain, S S; Howe, L; Pomroy, W E; West, D M; Smith, S L; Williamson, N B

2013-11-01

208

Effects of Diluents, Cryoprotectants, Equilibration Time and Thawing Temperature on Cryopreservation of Duck Semen  

OpenAIRE

A series of sequential experiments were carried out to determine optimum diluents, cryoprotectants, equilibration time, and thawing temperature for frozen duck semen in order to set up the commercial semen cryopreservating techniques which could be applied to the conservation of genetic resources, breeding, and commercial production in domestic ducks. In experiment 1, the seven semen extenders were studied to determine efficacy of the diluent on cryopreservation of duck Semen. The result show...

Han, X. F.; Niu, Z. Y.; Liu, F. Z.; Yang, C. S.

2005-01-01

209

Prevalence of abnormal semen analysis in patients of infertility at a rural setup in Central India  

OpenAIRE

Background: Semen analysis is an indispensable diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the male partners of infertile couples. Methods: Semen samples were analysed by manual method. Analyses were for volume, viscosity, sperm concentration, motility, and morphology, according to WHO guidelines on semen analysis Results: This study, done at a rural setup, at Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital has demonstrated that abnormal semen quality is a major factor in our rural setup with 52% of male partne...

Shubhada Jajoo; Kalyani, Kanika R.

2013-01-01

210

Geographic differences in semen quality of fertile U.S. males.  

OpenAIRE

Although geographic variation in semen quality has been reported, this is the first study in the United States to compare semen quality among study centers using standardized methods and strict quality control. We evaluated semen specimens from partners of 512 pregnant women recruited through prenatal clinics in four U.S. cities during 1999-2001; 91% of men provided two specimens. Sperm concentration, semen volume, and motility were determined at the centers, and morphology was assessed at a ...

Swan, Shanna H.; Brazil, Charlene; Drobnis, Erma Z.; Liu, Fan; Kruse, Robin L.; Hatch, Maureen; Redmon, J. Bruce; Wang, Christina; Overstreet, James W.

2003-01-01

211

Parental age at delivery and a man's semen quality  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

STUDY QUESTION: Is parental age at delivery associated with a man's semen quality? In this large register-based study both mother's and father's age are found to have minimal effects on semen quality in men. BACKGROUND: Both maternal and paternal age have been associated with a range of adverse health effects in the offspring. Given the varied health effects of parental age upon offspring, and the sensitivity of genital development to external factors, it is plausible that the age of a man's mother and father at conception may impact his reproductive health. To our knowledge this is the first examination of the effects of parental age on semen quality. METHODS: The study was based on Danish men referred to the Copenhagen Sperm Analysis Laboratory due to infertility in their partnership. Men born from 1960 and delivering a semen sample until year 2000 were included. The men were linked to the Danish Civil Registration System to obtain information on parent's age at delivery. Logistic regression analyses were used to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for impaired semen quality. Linear regression analyses were used to examine a relationship between semen parameters and paternal age. RESULTS: There were no convincing effect of either mother's or father's age on a man's semen quality. As no trends were noted, the few statistically significant results are likely attributable to chance. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Information regarding individual subject characteristics which may impact sperm production (i.e. smoking, BMI) were not available. While our sample size was large, we cannot exclude the possibility that a trend may have been identified with a still larger sample. In addition, the Danish Civil Registration System is merely administrative and hence does not discriminate between biological and adopted children. However, the low rate of adoption (?2%) suggests that misclassification would have a minimal impact. The men were all referred to the laboratory for infertility problems in their partnership and, therefore, do not represent the general population. We, however, compared semen quality among men within the cohort, and it is therefore less important whether they, in fact, represent the general population. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: The current study found no link between parental age and a son's semen quality, suggesting other factors may explain recent impairments in men's reproductive health. STUDY FUNDING: This work was supported by the Hans and Nora Buchard's Fund and the Kirsten and Freddy Johansen's Fund.

Priskorn, Lærke; Jensen, Tina K

2014-01-01

212

Lipid concentrations and semen quality: the LIFE study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The decline in sperm count rates over the last 50 years appears to parallel the rising prevalence of obesity. As lipid levels are strongly associated with obesity, high lipids levels or hyperlipidaemia may thus play an important role in the decline in fertility in addition to other environmental or lifestyle factors. The objective of this population based cohort study was to evaluate the association between men's serum lipid concentrations and semen quality parameters among 501 male partners of couples desiring pregnancy and discontinuing contraception. Each participant provided prospectively up to two semen samples (94% of men provided one or more semen samples, and 77% of men provided a second sample approximately 1 month later). Linear mixed effects models were used to estimate the associations between baseline lipid concentrations and semen quality parameters, adjusted for age, body mass index and race. We found that higher levels of serum total cholesterol, free cholesterol and phospholipids were associated with a significantly lower percentage of spermatozoa with intact acrosome and smaller sperm head area and perimeter. Our results suggest that lipid concentrations may affect semen parameters, specifically sperm head morphology, highlighting the importance of cholesterol and lipid homeostasis for male fecundity. PMID:24596332

Schisterman, E F; Mumford, S L; Chen, Z; Browne, R W; Boyd Barr, D; Kim, S; Buck Louis, G M

2014-05-01

213

Association of Vitamin E with Rapid Thawing on Goat Semen  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of vitamin E associated with rapid thawing on cryopreserved goat semen. Two bucks were used and eight ejaculates per animal were collected using artificial vagina. Semen was diluted with the following treatments: BIOXCELL (control), BIOXCELL + Equex (sodium lauryl sulphate) and BIOXCELL + vitamin E 100??M. Semen was packaged into 0.25?mL straws and cooled at 5°C for 1 hour. Freezing was performed in liquid nitrogen vapor (?155°C) during 15 minutes. Then, the straws were immersed in liquid nitrogen (?196°C). Straws were thawed at 38°C/60 seconds or at 60°C/7 seconds with immediate sperm analysis. Hypoosmotic swelling test was performed adding a 20??L aliquot of thawed semen to 1?mL of hypoosmotic solution (100 mOsm·Kg?1) followed by incubation during 60 minutes in water bath (38°C). Vitamin E did not affect any studied parameters (P > 0.05). Nevertheless, defrosting rate of 60°C/7 seconds improved sperm membrane functional integrity (P < 0.05). Current knowledge about goat semen cryopreservation is not sufficient to ensure high post-thawing recovery rates; thus, this study brings important data about using antioxidants and different thawing rates on cryopreservation process. PMID:24955428

Penitente-Filho, Jurandy Mauro; Oliveira, Fabrício Albani; Jimenez, Carolina Rodriguez; Dias, Júlio César Oliveira; Oliveira, Gisele Dias; Silveira, Renata Gomes; Silveira, Camila Oliveira; Torres, Ciro Alexandre Alves

2014-01-01

214

Microsatellite analysis of cryopreserved stallion semen stored on FTA paper.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to establish and validate a method to permit microsatellite analysis of DNA profiles obtained from frozen-thawed stallion sperm cells. This would provide reliable and accurate verification of the identification of a semen donor. Ejaculates from 5 pony stallions were collected, processed and frozen in 0.5 ml plastic straws. Aliquots of 100 microl of the frozen-thawed semen thus obtained were either placed directly, or diluted (1:10; 1:100; and 1:1000) and placed on slides of FTA paper. Similarly, blood samples obtained from each of the stallions were placed onto slides of FTA paper. A punch was removed from each sample after drying Each sample was mixed with FTA purification reagent, Dithiothreitol and Proteinase K before incubation and processing. All samples were processed with a set of 13 microsatellite markers. Further analysis permitted a comparison of the DNA profiles of the frozen-thawed semen and the blood samples. A full profile of markers was obtained from the 1:10 and 1:100 dilutions of the frozen-thawed semen samples as well as from the blood samples. The DNA profiles from the frozen-thawed semen and blood samples obtained from the stallions matched in all cases. PMID:12665139

Schulman, M L; Harper, C K; Bell, E; Nel, A; Guthrie, A J

2002-12-01

215

9 CFR 98.35 - Declaration, health certificate, and other documents for animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...entry. (b) For all animal semen offered for...the origin of the animal semen, the number, breed, species, and purpose of the...person to whom the animal semen will be delivered...than Australia and New Zealand is to...

2010-01-01

216

Pemanfaatan Pelepah dan Abu Janjang Kelapa Sawit Dalam Pembuatan Papan Semen Pulp (Pulp Cement Board)  

OpenAIRE

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memanfaatkan limbah pelepah dan abu janjang kelapa sawit sebagai bahan baku pembuatan papan semen pulp (pulp cement board) dan untuk mengetahui pengaruh perbandingan pulp dengan semen serta pengaruh penambahan abu janjang kelapa sawit terhadap mutu papan semen pulp. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Lab. Mekanisasi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) Faktorial. Pengujian ini dil...

Riza, Fakhruddin

2012-01-01

217

Effects of cold shock treatment on angiotensin-converting enzyme activity and on semen characteristics in roosters and bulls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity has been determined in the semen of certain avian and mammalian species as well as its release during cold shock. The maximum and minimum levels of this enzyme were found in mammalian spermatozoa and in seminal plasma, respectively. It was found that ACE activity in mammalian spermatozoa was more pronounced than in the seminal plasma, whereas in the avian species a revers pattern was observed. However, there were no significant differences in ACE activity in spermatozoa and seminal plasma between layer and broiler strains of avian species. By contrast, ACE activity in the spermatozoa and seminal plasma of buffalo bulls was significantly higher (P/ 0.01) than in cattle bulls. Cold shock did not significantly alter semen characteristics in avian species, while a significant (P/ 0.01) decrease in sperm live counts and motility as well as a corresponding increase in morphological abnormalities were observed in the spermatozoa of cattle and buffalo bulls due to cold shock. PMID:16727111

Mohan, J; Moudgal, R P; Panda, J N; Mohan, G

1992-05-01

218

Relationships among frozen-thawed semen fertility, physical parameters, certain routine sperm characteristics and testosterone in breeding Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis bulls  

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Full Text Available Aim: The present study was carried out to examine the relationships among frozen-thawed semen fertility, physical parameters, seminal quality, and testosterone concentration in Murrah buffalo bulls. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 breeding Murrah buffalo bulls (either progeny tested or under progeny testing program were randomly selected from two government bull farms in Punjab. None of the bulls selected for this study had any preceding physical abnormality. A field fertility trial was conducted to determine the first service conception rate (FSCR. The number of females inseminated per bull semen was 10. All the bulls were inspected for structural soundness, measurement of scrotal circumference, testicular biometry, and internal pelvic area (IPA. Frozen-thawed semen was evaluated for total motility, progressive motility, viability, concentration, abnormality, and hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST. Testosterone was estimated in blood plasma, seminal plasma as well as frozen-thawed semen extracts for establishing relationship. Results: The FSCR was 48% in the bulls having a scrotal circumference of ?44 cm, although, there was no significant correlation between FSCR and scrotal circumference. Similarly, no consistent relationship existed between sperm concentration and scrotal circumference. A positive correlation was observed between IPA and FSCR (r=0.294. Of the six post-thaw seminal components (total motility, progressive motility, viability, HOST (%, total abnormality and concentration only total motility had a high significant (p<0.01 correlation with FSCR (r=0.694. Varied correlations existed between other seminal parameters and fertility. Using a simple regression analysis, the post-thaw motility, IPA, prepuce length and testosterone (independent variables combined to explain approximately 62% of the variation in the FSCR (dependent variable. Conclusion: The present study indicated that despite low to high correlations between seminal characteristics, physical parameters, fertility, and testosterone; the observations support the importance of these components and their function in maintaining semen quality and subsequent fertility.

A. K. Singh

2014-09-01

219

Evaluation of duck egg yolk for the cryopreservation of Nili-Ravi buffalo bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was carried out to investigate if the substitution of chicken egg yolk (CEY) with duck egg yolk (DEY) in extenders can improve the quality of frozen-thawed semen of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls and to study if reducing DEY level in extender affects the freezability results. Thirty semen samples collected from three buffalo bulls were diluted in extenders A, B, C, D and E containing tris, citric acid, fructose, egg yolk, glycerol and antibiotics. Extender A contained 20% CEY (control), while extenders B, C, D and E contained 5, 10, 15 and 20% DEY, respectively. After freezing and storage for 24h in liquid nitrogen, samples were evaluated for post-thaw quality. The post extension sperm motility did not differ between extenders A (control) and E (20% DEY). The same was true for post-thaw percentage of sperm with functional plasma membrane and percentage of sperm with abnormal heads or mid pieces. However, extender E showed higher (PNili-Ravi buffalo bulls. PMID:22464336

Waheed, Salman; Ahmad, Nazir; Najib-ur-Rahman; Jamil-ur-Rahman, Hafez; Younis, Muhammad; Iqbal, Sajid

2012-03-01

220

Clinical and reproductive consequences of using BVDV-contaminated semen in artificial insemination in a beef herd in Argentina.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current report was prompted by an atypical outbreak of mucosal disease that occurred in a beef herd in the southwestern part of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, where a total of 9/41 (21.9%) yearling bulls died. Blood samples from 73 bulls and 189 heifers were tested for evidence of persistent BVDV infection with Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV). Non-cytopathic BVDV was isolated from 7 (9.6%) 24- to 36-month-old bulls, and 3 (1.6%) 36-month-old heifers. Non-cytopathic BVDV was also detected in the seminal plasma of three of six persistently infected (PI) bulls. Furthermore, a 171 bp genomic fragment of BVDV was consistently detected by nested RT-PCR in one of the two samples of the commercial semen used for artificial insemination, indicating that this semen could be a possible source of infection for the whole herd. To evaluate the possible reproductive consequences of PI heifers and bulls, ovaries and semen were obtained from PI cattle for in vitro assays. The in vitro fertilization of oocytes with semen from PI bulls was associated with decreased cleavage and embryo development rates. Additionally, non-cytopathic BVDV was isolated from the follicular fluid of PI heifers. Genetic typing revealed that all isolates BVDV from the present study had a high percentage of homology and that all of the fragments from the RT-PCR clearly fit with the BVDV 1b cluster. These findings confirm the negative impact that BVDV can have on the reproductive performance of cattle and the importance of applying the proper sanitary controls to minimize the risk of BVDV infection. PMID:22871332

González Altamiranda, E A; Kaiser, G G; Weber, N; Leunda, M R; Pecora, A; Malacari, D A; Morán, Oscar; Campero, C M; Odeón, A C

2012-08-01

221

Evaluation of semen parameters in semen donors in a ten-year period in the city of São Paulo  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate sperm concentration, morphology and motility of Brazilian semen donors from 1992 to 2003, in the city of São Paulo. Methods: Retrospective study analyzing 182 donor semen samples from 1992 to 2003. The first and the second donated sample were analyzed for each donor. Donor average age was 30.8 years. Means with standard errors, medians with minimum and maximum values, and interquartile ranges were calculated for age, sperm concentration, semen volume, oval morphology and motility. The relation between each characteristic of the semen samples and the year of donation, as well as donor age and season of the year were studied by linear and multiple regression analysis. Results: Linear regression analysis showed that the sperm concentration (R2 = 19.1%, R2 = 20.2%, p < 0.0001 respectively and the oval morphology (R2 = 13%; R2 = 13.5%; p < 0.0001, respectively decreased significantly, even when the first or the second sperm collection is considered. The ejaculated volume showed slight increase during the period for both samples (R2 = 2.2%, p = 0.048; R-sq = 2.4%. p = 0.038, respectively. All characteristics did not depend on the donors’ age or season of the year when the samples were obtained. Conclusions: There was a decrease in spermatic concentration and percentage of oval sperm of semen donors samples from 1992 to 2003, in the city of São Paulo.

Sidney Glina

2010-12-01

222

Karakteristik Semen Segar dan Kualitas Semen Cair Kuda dalam Pengencer Dimitropoulos yang Disuplementasi dengan Fruktosa, Trehalosa dan Rafinosa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of the experiment was to study the characteristics of stallion fresh semen and the quality of sperm preserved in Dimitropoulos extender (DV supplemented with different concentration of fructose, trehalose and raffinose. Semen were collected using artificial vagina from three stallions. Semen characteristics and quality were evaluated macro- and microscopically. Prior to extension, semen were centrifugated at 3000 rpm for 20 minutes. The condensed sperm were re-suspended in DV supplemented with different types of carbohydrate to meet the concentration of 200 million spz/ml. All samples were stored at room and chilled temperature, and were evaluated for motility and viability every 3 h and 12 h. The results of the experiments indicated that fresh semen characteristics were fair good; the volume, consistency, motility, live-dead ratio, concentration (106/ml, total spermatozoa (109/ejaculate and abnormality were 29.25±9.33 ml, watery, 7.00±0.12, 67.08±9.08%, 77.89±6.46%, 211.88±21.15, 6.28±2.45 and 27.26±4.64%, respectively. The supplementation of different type and concentration of carbohydrates did not significantly affect the motility and viability. However, the supplementation of 50 mM fructose significantly increased the motility and viability of the sperm compared to the control. In conclusion, carbohydrate supplementation in DV may not maintain the sperm quality, particularly in the medium with the osmolarity higher than 400 mOsm/kg.

Yudi

2007-12-01

223

Sperm banking for male cancer patients: social and semen profiles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: Report the characteristics of cryopreserved semen from a cohort of male cancer patients, attitudes towards cryopreservation and outcomes of semen samples based on a 12-year cryopreservation program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 98 male cancer patients whose sperm samples were banked were [...] evaluated. Demographic parameters, semen characteristics, destination of sperm banked samples and questionnaires answered by the patients regarding cryopreservation time were evaluated. RESULTS: The cancer diagnoses were testicle (56.1%), prostate (15.3%), Hodgkin’s lymphomas (9.2%), non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (7.1%), leukemia (3.1%) and other malignancies (9.2%). The patients with testicular cancer presented lower sperm concentration (p

Tatiana C.S., Bonetti; Fabio F., Pasqualotto; Priscila, Queiroz; Assumpto, Iaconelli Jr.; Edson, Borges Jr..

2009-04-01

224

Improvement of liquid and frozen-thawed semen quality of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) through supplementation of fat.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of dietary fat on quality of liquid and frozen-thawed semen of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. Adult bulls (n=21) were fed a balanced ration (Con; n=7) or the same ration either containing sunflower oil (SF-O; n=7) or whole sunflower seeds (SF-S; n=7) for 63 days. Body weight and body condition score of each bull was recorded on days 0, 30 and 60 of the experiment. Semen was collected on days 39, 46, 53 and 60, frozen by a fast method and stored at -196 degrees C for 24h. Sperm motility was assessed using a bright field microscope. Plasma membrane integrity of fresh and frozen-thawed spermatozoa was assessed using a hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) assay. The concentration of spermatozoa and volume of semen was not different among groups on various days of collection. Sunflower-enriched diets did not affect the motility and number of HOS-positive spermatozoa in the fresh semen. Motility and HOS of post-thawed spermatozoa were higher (pbuffalo bull spermatozoa. PMID:19246083

Adeel, M; Ijaz, A; Aleem, M; Rehman, H; Yousaf, M S; Jabbar, M A

2009-05-01

225

The extent of increase in first calving age as a result of implementing various sexed semen breeding strategies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A deterministic simulation was conducted to assess the effects of sexed semen utilization strategies on age at first calving (AFC). Four different strategies were implemented on dairy heifers: continuous use of conventional semen only (CC), continuous use of sexed semen only (SS), utilization of sexed semen for both the first and second services with conventional semen afterwards (S2), and utilization of sexed semen for the first service with conventional semen afterwards (S1). Results indicated that continuous utilization of sexed semen led to the greatest AFC; however at high conception rates, strategies displayed negligible differences on AFC. Increases in estrus detection rate had the greatest effects on decreasing AFC of the SS scenarios. Negative effect of sexed semen on AFC increased when the effect of low estrus detection rate was combined with low conception rate of sexed semen. Results indicated that in the case of access to sexed semen conception rate, prediction of AFC is possible by quadratic polynomial or exponential equations, depending to the applied breeding strategy. Simultaneous utilization of sexed and conventional semen in a herd did not make a substantial change in AFC when a low percentage of sexed semen was employed. Increasing the contribution of different sexed semen strategies led to higher AFC variation, especially for the SS strategy. AFC of strategies that utilize sexed semen is highly dependent on the conception rate, estrus detection rate and the contribution of sex sorted semen in the total number of inseminations of the heifer herd. (Author)

Joezy-Shekalgorabi, S.; Shadparvar, A. A.; Vries, A. de; Gay, K. D.

2014-06-01

226

EFFECTS OF A NEW ANTIBIOTIC COMBINATION ON POST -THAW MOTION CHRACTERISTICS AND MEMBRANE INTEGRITY OF BUFFALO AND SAHIWAL BULL SPERMATOZOA AND ON THE BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF THEIR SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

In this study the effects of a new antibiotic combination, i.e., gentamycin, tylosin and linco-spectin (STLS) on post-thaw motion characteristics, plasma membrane integrity, sperm morphology and the total aerobic bacterial counts (TABC) in buffalo and Sahiwal bull semen were investigated. Ten ejaculates, five each from a buffalo and a Sahiwal bull, possessing more than 60% sperm motility were used. These ejaculates were diluted in Tris-citric acid (TCA) extender (at 37 °C; 50 X 106 spermatoz...

S Hasan, S. M. H. Andrabi

2001-01-01

227

Biochemical studies into variation and repeatability of glutathione concentrations in bovine and bubaline semens.  

Science.gov (United States)

Repeatability (r) value of glutathione (GSH) content was estimated in semen of Tharparkar, Red Dane, their crosses, and Murrah buffalo bulls. Mean GSH values were higher in bovine bull semen as compared to mean GSH values in bubaline bull semen. The r of GSH concentration for the pooled data was 0.1278. This trait is 12.78% repeatable. GSH value in semen of bovine and bubaline bull differed insignificantly. R estimates are expressed for selection of bulls of higher fertility and semen quality. PMID:2241494

Jain, M C; Arora, N; Jogi, S; Mishra, D D

1990-01-01

228

No increased sperm DNA fragmentation index in semen containing human papillomavirus or herpesvirus  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

It remains unknown whether human papillomaviruses (HPVs) or human herpesviruses (HHVs) in semen affect sperm DNA integrity. We investigated whether the presence of these viruses in semen was associated with an elevated sperm DNA fragmentation index. Semen from 76 sperm donors was examined by a PCR-based hybridization array that identifies all HHVs and 35 of the most common HPVs. Sperm DNA integrity was determined by the sperm chromatin structure assay. HPVs or HHVs, or both, were found in 57% of semen samples; however, sperm DNA fragmentation index was not increased in semen containing these viruses.

Kaspersen, Maja DØvling; Bungum, Mona Berger Håkonsen

2013-01-01

229

Collection and characterization of semen in Mithun (Bos frontalis) bulls.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to collect semen from semiwild Mithun (Bos frontalis) bulls using an artificial vagina (AV) and to determine semen characteristics. Collection of semen with an AV was attempted in five Mithun bulls using both anestrous and estrous Mithun females. No Mithun bull mounted an anestrous female Mithun during 60 trials, but satisfactory mounting, including extension of the penis, occurred in 25 trials with estrous Mithun females. In 15 of these trials, semen was successfully collected in an AV with an internal temperature of 42 to 46 degrees C. However, in 10 trials with an AV with an internal temperature of 36 to 40 degrees C, semen was not collected. Mean (+/- SEM) intervals to first mount and to ejaculation in the AV were 27.9+/-3.6 sec and 113.8+/-6.6 sec, respectively. Semen volume and pH were 3.1+/-0.35 mL and 6.59+/-0.04, and mean mass activity (scale, 0 to 4), initial sperm motility, live sperm count, sperm concentration, total number of sperm in the ejaculate, and overall sperm length were 2.2+/-0.3, 78.6+/-2.6%, 80.7+/-2.2%, 710.8+/-66.8 x 10(6)/mL, 2114+/-364.4 sperm, and 67.9+/-0.6 microm, respectively. The proportion of morphologically normal sperm was 80.6+/-0.2%, whereas the proportion with a morphologically abnormal head, midpiece, tail, and acrosome were 4.2+/-0.4%, 1.6+/-0.5%, 6.1+/-1.1%, and 7.1+/-0.9%, respectively. The mean incidence of tail-less heads and proximal and distal protoplasmic droplets were 0.5+/-0.1%, 0.3+/-0.2%, and 2.4+/-0.3%, respectively. In conclusion, we successfully collected semen from semiwild Mithun bulls with an AV maintained at 42 to 46 degrees C, and overall, the semen was within the normal range of that collected from fertile domestic bulls. PMID:19589586

Bhattacharyya, H K; Goswami, B K; Bujarbaruah, K M; Deka, B C; Biswas, R K

2009-09-15

230

Biochemical properties of microbial load in frozen semen of cattle  

OpenAIRE

A total 20 French mini straws (0.25ml) of frozen semen were randomly collected from one of frozen semen bank for evaluation of microbial load using the standard plate count (SPC) method using nutrient agar plate. These plates were incubated at 37oC for 24 and 48 hrs and examined for growth. The average colony count was calculated and bacteria were also identified as Gram positive and Gram negative. A total of 10 biochemical tests were performed to characterize the isolates. Antibiotic sensiti...

Patel, Hemaxi V.; Patel, R. K.; Chauhan, J. B.

2011-01-01

231

New methods and media for the centrifugation of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) drone semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Centrifugation of Apis mellifera L. drone semen is a necessary step in the homogenization of semen pools for the enlargement of the effective breeding population, as well as in the collection of semen by the so-called washing technique. It is also of interest for the removal of cryoprotectants after cryopreservation. The adoption of methods involving semen centrifugation has been hampered by their damaging effect to sperm. Here, we tested four new diluents as well as three additives (catalase, hen egg yolk, and a protease inhibitor), using sperm motility and dual fluorescent staining as indicators of semen quality. Three of the new diluents significantly reduced motility losses after centrifugation, as compared with the literature standard. Values of motility and propidium iodide negativity obtained with two of these diluents were not different from those measured with untreated semen. The least damaging diluent, a citrate-HEPES buffer containing trehalose, was then tested in an insemination experiment with centrifuged semen. Most queens receiving this semen produced normal brood, and the number of sperm reaching the storage organ of the queen was not significantly different from that in queens receiving untreated semen. These results could improve the acceptance of techniques involving the centrifugation of drone semen. The diluent used in the insemination experiment could also serve as semen extender for applications not involving centrifugation. PMID:24665683

Wegener, Jakob; May, Tanja; Kamp, Günter; Bienefeld, Kaspar

2014-02-01

232

Blood and Semen Selenium Concentrations and Semen Quality in Boars Fed Diets Supplemented with Organic or Inorganic Selenium  

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Full Text Available Effect of dietary supplementation of organic or inorganic selenium on blood and semen selenium concentrations and semen quality was determined in 10 boars. During the 4 weeks of pre-experimental period, all boars were fed a basal diet containing 0.15 mg kg-1 of inorganic selenium. Thereafter, all cows were randomly allocated into 2 groups of five boars which were fed a basal diet supplemented with either 0.3 mg kg-1 of inorganic selenium or 0.3 mg kg-1 of organic selenium for 84 days. Blood samples were collected from all boars to determine selenium concentrations at the end of pre-experimental period and at days 49 and 84 after supplementation. Semen samples were collected at the end of pre-experimental period and at days 35, 49, 63 and 84 to determine selenium concentrations and semen evaluation. For both inorganic and organic selenium groups, blood selenium concentrations at days 49 and 84 were higher than the concentration at day 0 and the concentrations did not differ between the two groups at all sampling periods. Semen selenium concentrations at days 35, 49, 63 and 84 were higher than the concentration at day 0 for both inorganic and organic selenium groups and the concentrations did not differ between the 2 groups at days 35, 49, 63 and 84. Sperm motility parameters including motility (%, progressive motility (%, Average Path velocity (VAP, ?m sec-1, Straight-line velocity (VSL, ?m sec-1 and Curvilinear velocity (VCL, ?m sec-1 did not differ between the 2 groups and among sampling periods. Results revealed that 0.3 mg kg-1 supplementation of either inorganic or organic selenium form in the basal diet containing 0.15 mg of selenium per kg could increase blood and semen selenium levels in the boars. With normally-fertile boars, both inorganic and organic form of selenium supplemented in the diet had similar effect on sperm motility characteristics in the boars.

Theera Rukkwamsuk

2012-01-01

233

Donkey jack (Equus asinus) semen cryopreservation: studies of seminal parameters, post breeding inflammatory response, and fertility in donkey jennies.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate motility parameters of donkey jack (jack; Equus asinus) semen cryopreserved in INRA-96 (INRA; IMV Technologies, France, 2% egg-yolk enriched) using either glycerol (GLY) or ethylene glycol (EG) as a cryoprotector; (2) to compare in vitro the postthaw re-extension with homologous seminal plasma (SPL) or INRA; (3) to compare fertility in donkey jennies (jennies; Equus asinus) timed artificially inseminated with jack semen cryopreserved using GLY or EG, re-extended with INRA; (4) to compare fertility in jennies timed artificially inseminated with jack semen cryopreserved using GLY re-extended with SPL, INRA, or not re-extended (NN); and (5) to describe some preliminary results of the inflammatory uterine response postbreeding. Semen from two jacks was collected and frozen in an INRA-2% egg yolk extender added of either 2.2% GLY or 1.4% EG. Postthaw motility was evaluated by a computer-assisted motility analyzer. Uterine inflammatory response and fertility were evaluated after artificial insemination (AI) of 13 jennies with frozen-thawed semen, either further extended with INRA (Group GLY-INRA, 13 cycles, and EG-INRA, 8 cycles), or with SPL (Group GLY-SPL, 13 cycles), or not re-extended (GLY-NN, 5 cycles). In each cycle, jennies were bred twice with 500 × 10(6) sperm cells (250 × 10(6) from each jack), at fixed times after induction of ovulation, and uterus was flushed at 6 and 10 h after first and second breeding, respectively. Cells in the recovered fluid were counted and distinguished as polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) or other cell types. Total and progressive motility did not differ between cryoprotectants, but were higher when semen samples were re-extended in INRA, compared with SPL (P < 0.05). Pregnancy was diagnosed by transrectal palpation and ultrasonography examinations at 14 and 16 days postovulation. In 7/13 (53.8%) jennies and 12/39 (30.4%) cycles postbreeding intrauterine fluid accumulation was observed, with no differences between treatments (P < 0.05). Polymorphonuclear neutrophil numbers and concentrations were higher in the first flushing compared with the second, and PMN concentration was higher in GLY-SPL than in GLY-INRA (P < 0.05). Pregnancy rates in GLY-SPL, GLY-INRA, EG-INRA, and GLY-NN were 8/13, 3/13, 2/8, and 1/5, respectively. There was no significant difference either between the two cryoprotectants re-extended in INRA, or between re-extension groups. There was however a trend for GLY-SPL to improve pregnancy rates compared with GLY-INRA (P = 0.055). These results indicate that it is possible to obtain similar postthaw sperm motility and pregnancy rates using GLY or EG as a cryoprotectant for donkey semen, and that in the conditions of this study the re-extension in SPL of thawed semen before AI showed a trend toward the improvement of fertility and increased PMN concentration in uterine flushings. PMID:22979965

Rota, A; Panzani, D; Sabatini, C; Camillo, F

2012-11-01

234

Seasonal variation in semen quality of Dorper rams using different collection techniques  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of the study was to evaluate the seasonal variation in semen quality of Dorper rams using different semen collection techniques. The study was carried out from January 2012 to January 2013. A general management programme for health control was followed, with water being provided ad libitum t [...] hroughout the trial, and all rams being fed a 2.5 kg maintenance diet per day. Eleven mature Dorper rams, recording a mean body weight of 69.6 ± 9.2 kg and mean age of 18 ± 4.7 months, were used in the trial. A group of six rams were trained for semen collection with the aid of the artificial vagina (AV), while in the remaining five rams, semen was collected using the electro ejaculator (EE). Immediately after collection, ejaculates were evaluated macroscopically and microscopically for semen volume, semen colour, semen pH, semen wave motion, sperm motility, sperm cell concentration, sperm viability and morphology. The results of the trial generally showed that semen in Dorper rams may be collected using the AV or EE methods throughout the year. However, an overall significant better semen quality collected by the AV versus the EE collection method was recorded. Generally, semen of significantly higher quality was recorded in summer, autumn and spring (both collection techniques). The tendency in the current trial was that the EE technique of semen collection was the less reliable method. Consequently the AV is recommended as the more acceptable method of semen collection in the Dorper. Winter is not generally recommended for semen collection, especially when using the EE.

C.M., Malejane; J.P.C., Greyling; M.B., Raito.

2014-01-01

235

Seasonal variation in protein profiles and HSP70 of Holstein crossbred bull semen  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since HSP70 is the stress response protein, the impact of heat stress on semen quality may be displayed through the expression of protein profile and HSP70. This study investigated the seasonal effects on the protein profiles and HSP70 in spermatozoa and seminal plasma of 10 Holstein crossbred bulls from an AI centre located in Lopburi, Thailand. Bull semen was collected weekly for 8 consecutive weeks during rainy (average THI 79.34), cool (average THI 75.27), and summer (average THI 80.10) seasons. Protein was extracted from both spermatozoa and seminal plasma using Laemmli's sample buffer. The protein profiles of spermatozoa and seminal plasma were subjected to one-dimensional SDSPAGE with 12% (w/v) acrylamide gel and 4.0% (w/v) acrylamide stacking gel for 120 min. at 8 mA. To visualize the protein profiles, gels were fixed in acetic acid: ethanol: H2O (7: 40: 53), stained with 0.125% (w/v) Coomassie blue R-250 in acetic acid: ethanol: H2O (7: 40: 53) for 60 min., and distained with acetic acid: ethanol: H2O (11: 26: 63) until the background was clear. Western blotting, as described by Kamaruddin et al. was conducted to determine HSP70 using anti-HSP70 monoclonal antibody. Proteins in the polyacrylamide gel were electrophoretically transferred, for 90 min. at 156 mA, to a PVDF membrane. The membrane was rinsed in PBS and blocked overnight in a blocking solution (advanced ECL blocking; Amersham Life Science Inc., Oakville, ON, Canada)m Life Science Inc., Oakville, ON, Canada). The membrane was then incubated for 1 h at room temperature with monoclonal anti-HSP70 (H5147 Sigma Chemical Supplies CO., LTD), incubated with anti-mouse IgG horse radish peroxidase conjugated for 1 h at room temperature, and then detection for immunoreactive bands using ECL detection reagents (Amersham Life Science Inc.) on scientific imaging film. It was found that the profiles of protein were not different among seasons in both sperm and seminal plasma. The profiles of spermatozoa protein range from 10 to 220 kDa while most of proteins found in seminal plasma were low molecular weight (14-30 kDa). The HSP70 was found in both sperm and seminal plasma. However, the amount of HSP70 in winter appears to be greater compare to those found in summer and rainy seasons

236

plasmas  

Science.gov (United States)

As-deposited HfO2 films were modified by CHF3, C4F8, and mixed C4F8/O2 plasmas in a dual-frequency capacitively coupled plasma chamber driven by radio frequency generators of 60 MHz as the high frequency (HF) source and 2 MHz as the low frequency source (60/2 MHz). The influences of various surface plasma treatments under CHF3, C4F8, and C4F8/O2 were investigated in order to understand the chemical and structural changes in thin-film systems, as well as their influence on the electrical properties. Fluorine atoms were incorporated into the HfO2 films by either CHF3 or C4F8 plasma treatment; meanwhile, the C/F films were formed on the surface of the HfO2 films. The formation of C/F layers decreased the k value of the gate stacks because of its low dielectric constant. However, the addition of O2 gas in the discharge gases suppressed the formation of C/F layers. After thermal annealing, tetragonal HfO2 phase was investigated in both samples treated with CHF3 and C4F8 plasmas. However, the samples treated with O-rich plasmas showed monoclinic phase, which indicated that the addition of O plasmas could influence the Hf/O ratio of the HfO2 films. The mechanism of the t-HfO2 formation was attributed to oxygen insufficiency generated by the incorporation of F atoms. The capacitors treated with C4F8/O2 plasmas displayed the highest k value, which ascribed that the C/F layers were suppressed and the tetragonal phase of HfO2 was formed. Good electrical properties, especially on the hysteresis voltage and frequency dispersion, were obtained because the bulk traps were passivated by the incorporation of F atoms. However, the H-related traps were generated during the CHF3 plasma treatments, which caused the performance degradation. All the treated samples showed lower leakage current density than the as-deposited HfO2 films at negative bias due to the reduced trap-assisted tunneling by the incorporation of F to block the electrons transferring from metal electrode to the trap level.

Zhang, H. Y.; Jin, C. G.; Yang, Y.; Ye, C.; Zhuge, L. J.; Wu, X. M.

2014-12-01

237

Influence of addition of different antibiotics in semen diluent on viable bacterial count and spermatozoal viability of Awassi ram semen  

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Full Text Available The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of six different antibiotics in controlling the growth of semen contaminating bacteria and if these antibiotics have any adverse effect on Awassi ram spermatozoa. Semen samples from six mature Awassi rams were used in this study. A total number of 120 ejaculates were collected from the rams using an artificial vagina once a week. Semen ejaculates were evaluated for volume, sperm concentration, mass motility, individual motility, percentage live sperm, sperm abnormalities, and viable bacterial count. Semen samples were diluted by sodium citrate-fructose-egg yolk. The diluted semen sample was divided into 7 parts. Six types of antibiotics were added to the semen diluent parts including; penicillin G 1000 IU ml-1 with streptomycin 1 mg ml-1, gentamicin sulphate 250 mg ml-1, tetracycline 0.5 mg ml-1, lincomycin 1 mg ml-1, cefoperazone sodium 1mg ml-1, cefdinir 1 mg ml-1 and the seventh part considered as a control group without antibiotic addition. The diluted semen samples were cooled and preserved at 5 Co for 5 days. Cooled diluted semen samples were examined for individual motility, percent of live sperm, sperm abnormalities, acrosomal defects and bacterial count every 24 h until 5 days. Comparing with the control, all the antibiotics examined were effective in controlling bacterial growth (P<0.05 from 24 h to 96 h of preservation at 5 Co. Cefdinir and cefoperazone sodium proved to be significantly (P<0.05 effective than other antibiotics in controlling bacterial growth at 96 h of preservation as the bacterial count were 23.3 ± 3.7 x 103 / ml and 25.4 ± 6.2 x 103 / ml, respectively. Lincomycin, gentamicin sulphate and tetracycline proved ineffective in controlling bacterial growth at 96 h of preservation as the bacterial count were 57.1 ± 20.1 x 103 / ml, 52.5 ± 29.4 x 103 / ml and 46.5 ± 8.8 x 103 / ml, respectively. The addition of tetracycline to diluted ram semen significantly reduced (P<0.05 sperm individual motility and percent live sperm and a significant increase (P<0.05 acrosomal defects was observed at 96 h of preservation in comparison to control and other antibiotics. Sperm viability was highly correlated with bacterial count in the control part of diluted semen (r = 0.794; P < 0.01. It could be concluded from the results of the present study that additions of cephalosporins (cefdinir or Cefoperazone sodium at the dose of 1 mg ml-1 were most effective amongst the antibiotics used in checking the bacterial growth and improving semen quality of Awassi ram. [Vet. World 2012; 5(2.000: 75-79

O I Azawi

2012-04-01

238

Preservation of mithun (Bos frontalis) semen at refrigeration temperature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of the present study was to investigate the possibility of preserving mithun (Bos frontalis) spermatozoa at refrigeration temperature using tris-egg yolk diluent. Semen samples were collected from four adult mithun bulls through rectal massage method. Good quality semen samples (n=30) were preserved at 4 degrees C using tris-egg yolk diluent for 72 h. Progressive motility, live spermatozoa count and morphological abnormalities were evaluated every 12 h until 72 h of preservation. The colour, consistency and mass activity of fresh semen samples were found to be creamy white, medium and 3+ to 4+ (5+ scale), respectively. The average (mean+/-S.E.) volume (ml), pH and spermatozoa concentration (10(6) ml(-1)) of fresh semen samples were found to be 0.6+/-0.01, 6.8+/-0.03 and 425+/-48, respectively. Progressive motility and live spermatozoa count were found to be less than 30% (Pmithun spermatozoa at refrigeration temperature in tris-egg yolk diluent, which can be further used for artificial insemination within 36 h of storage. PMID:17095169

Karunakaran, M; Dhali, A; Mech, A; Khate, K; Rajkhowa, C; Mishra, D P

2007-10-01

239

Evaluation of Bulls Based on Semen Quality and Herd Fertility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The data of the present study were collected from Bangladesh Milk Producers` Co-operative Union Limited (BMPCUL at Baghabarighat, Sirajgong, Bangladesh to evaluate the bull performance through semen quality and 30-day Non Return Rate (NRR. Data on 245 ejaculates and 12,750 services of almost same aged of 5 Sahiwal bulls (B1, B2, B3, B4 and B5 over a period of 5 years were collected from Animal Breeding Section and Cattle Feed Unit of BMPCUL. The significant (p<0.01 individual sire effect was found on semen volume, three stages of sperm motility (initial, on dilution and post-thawing and fertility. Significant (p>0.05 variation was not found for pH. The highest volume of semen per ejaculate, the initial, on dilution and post-thawing sperm motility were found in bull B4 and representing 5.60?0.19 mL, 73.56?0.61, 69.27?0.33 and 63.90?0.48%, respectively. The highest sperm motility was found in initial stage and then declined steadily up to post-thawing stage. Significant (p<0.01 positive correlations were observed between the three stages of sperm motility and fertility. The results of the present study revealed that evaluation of breeding bulls on the basis of semen quality and herd fertility is important and provides the guideline of the way to sire selection for reproductive performance.

M.P. Mostari

2004-01-01

240

Study on the effect of prostaglandin F2? treatment on semen characteristics and enzymatic activates of Awassi rams in breeding and non breeding seasons  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this research work was to determine the effects of PGF2?, given immediately before semen collection, on semen characteristics and libido in Awassi rams during breeding and non breeding season. The experiment was conducted in late summer to early autumn when major breeding activities commence and winter during the non breeding season at Mosul region in northern Iraq at the Animal Research and Practice Farm of the College of The Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul. Twelve mature Awassi rams were used in this study. Animals were randomly allocated into two equal groups, the first group was administered 7.5 mg IM of PGF2?weekly and the second group as a control group received 1 ml of N-saline solution. Semen samples were collected from the Awassi rams 24 h after IM administration. Scrotal circumference (SC and testicular volume were measured weekly during the study period. Semen ejaculates were evaluated for semen volume, sperm concentration, sperm concentration/ejaculate, mass motility, individual motility, percentage live sperm, sperm abnormalities, and sperm acrosomal defects. Samples of seminal plasma were analyzed for the estimation of alanine amino transferase (ALT, aspartate amino transferase (AST, acid phosphatase (ACP, alkaline phosphatase (ALP and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH. Results of the present showed that PGF2? treatment to Awassi rams did not improve most semen characteristics in both breeding and non breeding seasons compared with the group. The only improvement of Awassi semen quality observed was in sperm concentration in the breeding season. The testicular volume showed a significant increase (P<0.05 in Awassi rams treated with PGF2? in breeding season compared to the control group and PGF2? treated group in the non breeding season. The mean activity of LDH enzyme estimated in the PGF2?treated group and control group showed a significant difference (P<0.05 between the two groups in the breeding season and non breeding season (52.34 ± 8.96 and 57.43 ± 19.9 vs. 117.02 ± 5.26 and 131.88 ± 5.01, respectively. Other enzymatic activities including ALT, AST, ACP and ALP showed no significant differences between Awassi rams treated with PGF2? and control groups in both breeding and non breeding seasons. In conclusion, PGF2?treatment of Awassi rams improved sperm concentration and testicular volume

Osama Ibrahim Azawi,

2011-05-01

241

The influence of boar breed and season on semen parameters  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the influence of boar breed and season on semen parameters. The research material consisted of 31 boars: Polish Large White (PLW), Polish Landrace (PL), and Duroc x Pietrain (D x P), aged 8 to 24 months. The analysed material consisted of 1390 ejaculat [...] es, collected during the period January 2010 to October 2012. Semen samples were assessed in terms of semen volume (mL), sperm concentration (x 10(6) m/mL), total number of sperm (x 10(9)), total number of live sperm (x 10(9)) and number of insemination doses obtained from one ejaculate (n). In winter, an increase in sperm concentration was observed for the PLW breed. Moreover, an increase in the volume of semen produced for this breed was noted in summer and autumn. Differences between breeds for the total number of sperm and total number of live sperm were observed for the winter and spring periods. The largest semen volume was noted for the PLW breed (276.4 ± 9.66 mL). However, in the analysis of other sperm parameters, boars of this breed demonstrated the poorest results. The highest insemination dose was obtained from breed D x P in winter (26.0 ± 0.51). Correlation analyses indicated that PLW and D x P boars are the least resistant to higher ambient temperatures, and in summer and autumn this resulted in a reduction in sperm concentration (-0.26 and -0.20, respectively).

D., Knecht; S., & #346; rodo& #324; ; K., Duzi& #324; ski.

2014-01-01

242

Characterization and sorting of flow cytometric populations in human semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human semen is a complex biological matrix. It contains mature spermatozoa, immature germ cells, residual apoptotic bodies and, in some cases, epithelial cells and leucocytes. Hence, one of the challenges in applying flow cytometry in spermatology is the correct recognition of spermatozoa and their separation from signals of other semen cells/elements. In this study, we show that semen spermatozoa are included in a well-defined, flame-shaped FSC/SSC region (FR), by demonstrating that the count of the spermatozoa contained in such region overlaps that obtained by microscopy in the same samples. In FR, nuclear staining of semen samples reveals three different populations: unstained, brighter and dimmer. Unstained elements were previously characterized as apoptotic bodies of testis origin and the brighter elements represent the majority of semen spermatozoa, whereas the composition and the origin of the population with a lower nuclear staining is less clear, albeit we have previously shown that all the elements constituting it are positive for TUNEL. In this study, we sorted all the elements contained in FR region and demonstrated that the dimmer elements are spermatozoa. To further characterize dimmer spermatozoa, we evaluated apoptotic caspases and chromatin immaturity, the latter detected by aniline blue (AB) and chromomycin A (CMA3) staining. We found that caspases were much more expressed in the dimmer spermatozoa (71.4 ± 18.8%) than in the brighter (46.7 ± 15.1%), whereas similar amounts of spermatozoa with chromatin immaturity were found in both populations (brighter, AB: 48.2 ± 19.5%; CMA3: 48.5 ± 20.4% and dimmer, AB: 43.4 ± 19.8%; CMA3: 36.1 ± 18.0%). Hence, the role of apoptosis in generating dimmer spermatozoa and their DNA fragmentation appears clear, whereas the involvement of defects during the chromatin packaging remains elusive. PMID:24700807

Marchiani, S; Tamburrino, L; Olivito, B; Betti, L; Azzari, C; Forti, G; Baldi, E; Muratori, M

2014-05-01

243

Evaluación del sistema antioxidante en el semen normal / Evaluation of antioxidant system in normal semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes. Las especies reactivas del oxígeno (ERO), tienen la capacidad de alterar reversible o irreversiblemente la función celular. Se ha propuesto que las ERO modifican la bioquímica y la fisiología del espermatozoide. Por otro lado, los mecanismos antioxidativos pudieran proteger a los esper [...] matozoides del daño producido por las ERO. Objetivo. Determinar los valores normales para el superóxido dismutasa (SOD), glutatión peroxidasa (GPx), malondialdehído (MDA) y óxido nítrico (NOx) en el líquido seminal y espermatozoides de humanos sanos. Procedimientos. Se estudiaron 45 muestras de semen de sujetos aparentemente sanos. Las muestras se obtuvieron por masturbación y se colectaron en tubos estériles. Una vez centrifugadas, se fraccionaron en alícuotas para medir la concentración de SOD, GPx, MDA y NOx. El análisis de las muestras se realizó conforme a métodos bioquímicos ampliamente aceptados. Resultados. Las concentraciones de SOD y MDA en el líquido seminal como en los espermatozoides fueron similares (SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 en semen y 0.45 ± .07 U/mg prot. en espermatozoides, y MDA 0.33 ± .07 y 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. en líquido seminal y espermatozoides, respectivamente. Con respecto a la GPx, está aumentada casi 13 veces más en los espermatozoides (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) que en el líquido seminal (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.), el NOx también se incrementa ligeramente en los espermatozoides (4.45 ± 0.43 µmol) cuando se compara con el líquido seminal (3.91 ± 0.16 µmol). Conclusiones. La medición de los antioxidantes y oxidantes pudieran servir para evaluar la infertilidad humana en aquellos casos donde los resultados de la espermatobioscopia aparezcan como normales. Abstract in english Background. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation have the ability to alter reversibly or irreversibly the cellular function in humans. It has been proposed that the ROS alters the biochemistry and the physiology of the sperm. On the other hand, the antioxidative mechanisms could protect the sperm [...] s from the damage produced by free radicals. Aim. To determine the normal values for superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NOx) in the seminal liquid of healthy humans. Procedures. Semen samples from 45 healthy men (22 to 47 years of age) were studied. The samples were obtained by masturbation and were collected in conical sterile tubes. Once centrifuged at 4 °C they were divided in aliquots to measure the concentration of SOD, GPx, MDA, and NOx. The analysis of the samples was realized in conformity with biochemical widely accepted methods. Results. The concentrations of SOD and MDA both in the seminal liquid and in the spermatozoids were similar, SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 U/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and 0.45 ± 0.07 U/ mg prot. in spermatozoids, and MDA 0.33 ± 0.07 nmoles/mg prot. and 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and spermatozoids respectively. With regard to GPx it increased almost 13 times more in the spermatozoids (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) than in the seminal liquid (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.). The NOx also increased lightly in the spermatozoids (4.45 ± 0.43 \\imol) when compared with the seminal liquid (3.91 ± 0.16 \\imol). Conclusions. The measurement of the antioxidative and oxidative agents could serve to evaluate human infertility in those cases where the result of the spematobioscopy appears normal.

Juan M., Gallardo.

2007-02-01

244

Quantitation of seminal factor IX and factor IXa in fertile, nonfertile, and vasectomy subjects: a step closer toward identifying a functional clotting system in human semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Coagulation factor (F) IX is a zymogen of the plasma serine proteases, one that plays an essential role in the regulation of normal blood coagulation. Congenital defects of FIX synthesis or function cause hemophilia B (originally called hemophilia C). Factor IX is activated by Tissue Factor (TF):FVII/FVIIa complex and FXIa. Subsequent to its activation, FIXa combines with FVIIIa on the platelet surface and activates FX to FXa. Human semen forms a semi-solid gelatinous coagulum, which then liquefies within 5-20 minutes in vitro. In spite of evidence demonstrating the importance of the seminal coagulation and liquefaction process in terms of global fertility and despite the fact that the seminal coagulum is composed of fibrin-like material, it has always been addressed from the perspective of High Molecular Weight Seminal Vesicle (HMW-SV) proteins (Semenogelin I and II) and their cleavage by prostate-specific antigen rather than the conventional hemostatic factors. In this study and as part of our continuing investigation of human seminal clotting factors, we report here on seminal FIX and FIXa in normal, subfertile, and vasectomized subjects. Factors IX and FIXa were studied in a total of 119 semen specimens obtained from subfertile (n=18), normally fertile (n=34), and fertile sperm donors (n=27) and vasectomy subjects (n=40). Seminal FIX and FIXa levels were also measured in a group defined by normality in several parameters derived from the World Health Organization fertility criteria and termed "pooled normal semen parameters." Both FIX and FIXa were quantifiable in human semen. There was a wide individual variation in FIX and FIXa levels within groups. Despite the group size, statistically significant associations with fertility-related parameters were infrequent. There is a positive correlation between FIX and its activation product, FIXa (n=36; r=0.51; P <.05). Factor IXa elevation in the high sperm-clump group was significant (P <.05), and days of abstention correlated with FIXa levels (n=63; r=0.3; P <.05). The key finding of the present study is that both FIX and FIXa are present in concentrations that are not dissimilar to plasma levels and that are apparently functional, as the activated form is also present. This fact, taken with other reports of coagulation factors in semen, raises the likelihood that a functional set of hemostatic coagulation proteins exists in semen, potentially to interact with the HMW-SV proteins and the prostate-specific antigen system. PMID:15611579

Lwaleed, Bashir A; Greenfield, Robert S; Hicks, James; Birch, Brian R; Cooper, Alan J

2005-01-01

245

Assessing undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed Nili-Ravi buffalo bull sperm by using standard semen assays  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST, eosin-nigrosin staining and normal apical ridge test (NAR were used to determine integrity of plasma membrane and acrosome of undiluted, diluted (cooled to 5oC and frozen-thawed sperm. Semen from seven bulls was used. For diluted and frozen-thawed sperm, three doses were pooled at 37oC. Percentage motility was assessed using a phase contrast microscope. A 50?l each of undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed semen was mixed with 500?l of 50, 100, 150, 150, 190 or 250 mOsm hypo-osmotic treatments of sodium citrate plus fructose and incubated at 37oC for 1 h. Total number of intact sperm (live of undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed were assessed before HOST. Percentage motility decreased (P0.05, but varied significantly (P<0.05 within bulls. In conclusion, plasma membrane integrity of undiluted and diluted sperm was compromised during freezing and thawing. However, freezing had no effect on acrosomal integrity.

A. Ijaz

2010-02-01

246

Impact of seminal trace element and glutathione levels on semen quality of Tunisian infertile men  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Growing evidence indicates that oxidative stress can be a primary cause of male infertility. Non-enzymatic antioxidants play an important protective role against oxidative damages and lipid peroxidation. Human seminal plasma is a natural reservoir of antioxidants. The aim of this study was to determine glutathione (GSH concentrations, trace element levels (zinc and selenium and the lipid peroxidation end product, malondialdehyde (MDA, in the seminal plasma of men with different fertility potentials. Methods Semen samples from 60 fertile men (normozoospermics and 190 infertile patients (74 asthenozoospermics, 56 oligozoospermics, and 60 teratozoospermics were analyzed for physical and biochemical parameters. Zinc (Zn and selenium (Se levels were estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Total GSH (GSHt, oxidized GSH (GSSG, reduced GSH (GSHr and MDA concentrations were measured spectrophotometrically. Results Zn and Se concentrations in seminal plasma of normozoospermics were more elevated than the three abnormal groups. Nevertheless, only the Zn showed significant differences. On the other hand, Zn showed positive and significant correlations with sperm motility (P = 0.03, r = 0.29 and count (P Conclusions This report revealed that decreased seminal GSH and trace element deficiencies are implicated in low sperm quality and may be an important indirect biomarker of idiopathic male infertility. Our results sustain that the evaluation of seminal antioxidant status in infertile men is necessary and can be helpful in fertility assessment from early stages.

Atig Fatma

2012-03-01

247

Semen Characteristics of Three Strains of Local Cocks in the Humid Tropical Environment of Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine the semen characteristics of three genotypes of Nigerian indigenous cocks. Thirty Six (36 local breeding cocks comprising of 12 frizzle, 12 normal and 12 naked neck selected randomly from the poultry breeding unit of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching and Research farm was used for this study. Semen were collected from them by abdominal massage and analyzed for semen characteristics. Semen concentration were significantly higher in naked- neck 4.86×109 ±0.03/mL (p0.05 of strains on semen pH, abnormal sperm and non-motile sperm. Morphological defects of the head, middle and tail was not significantly affected (p>0.05 by the genotypes. Variations on semen characteristics abound in the three Nigerian indigenous cocks sampled.

F.O. Ajayi

2011-06-01

248

Influence of Deficiency or Supplementary Selenium and a- Tochopherol (Vitamin E) In The Diet of Pubertal Male Zaraibi Goats on Fertility, Semen Quality and Testicular Traits  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Twenty pubertal male Zaraibi goats (bucks) were randomly divided into four equal groups; fed deficient Se or vit. E, adequate Se, adequate vit. E and adequate Se + vit. E diets for 3 months to study the influence of deficient or adequate selenium (Se) and vitamin E (vit. E) in the diet of pubertal male Zaraibi goats on fertility, semen quantity and quality and some testicular traits. The results showed that the best values of semen quantity (the ejaculate volume, sperm concentration and total sperm output per ejaculate) and semen quality (percentage of progressive motility, percentage of live sperm, number of motile sperm per ejaculate, percentage of dead, abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormality) were observed in bucks fed diet supplemented with adequate Se combined with adequate vit. E. The lowest values of semen quantity and semen quality were observed in bucks suffering from deficiency of Se and/or vit. E in their diets. Testosterone level in seminal plasma was significantly higher in bucks fed adequate Se and/or vit. E than those fed diet deficient in Se and vit. E. Testosterone level was significantly higher in bucks fed diet adequate in Se + vit. E than those fed diet adequate with Se or vit. E alone. Se and vit. E deficiency in the diets was accompanied by a significant decrease in testosterone, T4 and T3 levels in seminal plasma. Selenium or vit. E each one alone supplementation led to increases of these hormones. T4 and T3 levels were significantly higher in bucks fed adequate Se or adequate Se + vit. E than in bucks fed diet with adequate vitamin E alone. Adequate Se alone and adequate Se + vit. E diets were accompanied by significant increases in Se in seminal plasma. Adequate vit. E and adequate Se + vit. E diets were accompanied by significant increase in vit. E level in the seminal plasma. It is clear that there was synergism between Se and vit. E in the biological role of Se, since the level of Se in bucks fed diet containing adequate Se + vit. E was higher than the level of Se in group fed Se alone. The highest values of scrotal circumference and scrotum length were observed in bucks fed adequate Se + vit. E and the lowest testicular traits and fertility were observed in bucks fed diet deficient with Se and vit. E.

249

Quantification of damage at different stages of cryopreservation of endangered North American bison (Bison bison) semen and the effects of extender and freeze rate on post-thaw sperm quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen cryopreservation is an important technique for the banking of animal germplasm from endangered species and exploitation of genetically superior sires through artificial insemination. Being a member of bovidae family, bison semen has poor freezing ability as compared to dairy and beef bulls' semen. This study was designed to quantify the damage to bison sperm at different stages of cryopreservation, and to determine the effects of extender (commercial Triladyl(®) vs. custom made tris-citric acid [TCA]) and freeze rate (-10, -25 and -40°C/min) on post-thaw quality of bison semen. Semen was collected from five bison bulls (three woods and two plains) via electroejaculation. In Experiment 1, semen was diluted in Triladyl® extender and frozen with freeze rate -10°C/min. Sperm motility characteristics were recorded in fresh, diluted, cooled (4°C) and freeze-thawed semen using computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). In Experiment 2, semen was diluted in Triladyl® or TCA extender, and frozen with three different freeze rates, i.e. -10, -25 or -40°C/min. Thawing was performed at 37°C for 60s. Post-thaw sperm motility characteristics were assessed using CASA, and sperm structural characteristics (plasma membrane, mitochondrial membrane potential and acrosomes) were evaluated using flow cytometer, at 0 and 3h while incubating semen at 37°C. In Experiment 1, total and progressive motilities did not differ among pre-freeze stages of cryopreservation (P>0.05). However, sperm total and progressive motilities declined (P<0.001) in freeze-thawed semen by 35% and 42%, respectively, compared to after cooling (pre-freeze) semen. In Experiment 2, Triladyl®, as compared to TCA, yielded greater (P<0.05) post-thaw sperm total motility (41% compared to 36%) and progressive motility (34% compared to 29%) at 0h, respectively. The percent change in post-thaw sperm total and progressive motilities, VAP, VCL, VSL, IPM-high ??m and IPM-IACR during 3h incubation at 37°C, was less (P<0.05) in TCA than in Triladyl®. There was an effect of freeze rate on post-thaw sperm average path velocity at 0h, and total motility, progressive motility, VCL, IPM and IPM-IACR at 3h were the greatest (P<0.05) when bison semen was frozen at -40°C/min. Likewise, the percent change in post-thaw sperm total and progressive motilities, during 3h incubation at 37°C, was less (P<0.05) in bison semen frozen at -40°C/min. All post-thaw bison sperm characteristics decreased (P<0.05) from 0h to 3h, during incubation at 37°C. In conclusion, the maximum damage to bison sperm occurred during freeze-thaw processes. Post-thaw total and progressive motilities of bison sperm were greater in Triladyl® at 0h whereas sperm survival was greater in TCA extender during 3h post-thaw incubation. Bison sperm had greater survival (P<0.05) when frozen at -40°C/min freeze rate. PMID:22240453

Hussain, S A; Lessard, C; Anzar, M

2011-12-01

250

Efecto de dos dilutores sobre la motilidad e integridad de la membrana espermática en semen congelado de ovinos / Effects of two semen extenders on motility and integrity of sperm membrane in ovine frozen semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto de dos dilutores, Tris- Fructosa-Yema de huevo (Tris) y Citrato-Glucosa-Yema de huevo (citrato), sobre la motilidad espermática e integridad de la membrana espermática (HOST) en semen congelado de ovinos bajo la forma de pellets. La investigac [...] ión se llevó a cabo en el Banco de Semen de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, empleándose 4 carneros (2 Blackbelly y 2 Assaf) de 3.5 a 4 años de edad. Se empleó el análisis de covariancia para analizar Motilidad Individual Progresiva (MIP), y bloques completamente randomizados para medir el efecto de los dilutores sobre la integridad de la membrana espermática. Para el congelamiento del semen se utilizó hielo seco y el descongelamiento se realizó a 38 ºC en tubos de ensayo. En ovinos Assaf, la MIP del semen descongelado fue de 63.77 y 61.11% utilizando Tris y citrato, respectivamente, encontrándose diferencias significativas (p Abstract in english The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of two semen extenders: Tris- Fructose-egg yolk (Tris) and Citrate-Glucose-egg yolk (citrate) on motility and sperm membrane integrity (HOST) in ovine frozen semen in pellets. The study was carried out at the Semen Bank of the Agrarian Universit [...] y La Molina, in Lima, Peru, using 4 rams (2 Assaf and 2 Blackbelly) of 3.5 to 4 years old. A covariance analysis was used to evaluate the effect of the treatment and breed on Individual Progressive Motility (IPM), and randomized block design to evaluate the effect of extenders on sperm membrane integrity. Semen was frozen of dry ice and thawing was done in test tubes at 38 °C. In the Assaf breed, IPM of thawed semen was 63.77 and 61.11% when using Tris and citrate respectively, showing statistical difference (p

Próspero, Cabrera V; Javier, Orellana Ch; César, Pantoja A.

2010-07-01

251

Semen quality and reproductive hormone levels in men from southern Spain  

OpenAIRE

In North European countries, a significant difference in semen quality among young men has been shown. Men from the western countries, Denmark, Germany and Norway, have lower semen quality than men from the eastern countries Finland, Estonia and Lithuania. Similarly, men in the western countries have a higher risk of testicular cancer. According to the testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS) concept that suggests a link between risk of impaired semen quality and increased risk of testicular canc...

Ferna?ndez, Mariana F.; Duran, I.; Olea, Nicola?s; Avivar, C.; Vierula, M.; Toppari, J.; Skakkebæk, Niels; Jørgensen, Niels

2012-01-01

252

A novel method for semen collection and artificial insemination in large parrots (Psittaciformes)  

OpenAIRE

The paper described a novel technique for semen collection in large psittacines (patent pending), a procedure which was not routinely possible before. For the first time, a large set of semen samples is now available for analysis as well as for artificial insemination. Semen samples of more than 100 psittacine taxa were collected and analysed; data demonstrate large differences in the spermatological parameters between families, indicating an ecological relationship with breeding behaviour (p...

Michael Lierz; Matthias Reinschmidt; Heiner Müller; Michael Wink; Daniel Neumann

2013-01-01

253

Effect of frozen semen on the uterus of mares with pathological uterine changes  

OpenAIRE

Pregnancy rates after frozen semen inseminations (AI), particularly in older and problem mares, are lower than after fresh semen AI. Uterine contractility and the inflammatory reaction after frozen semen insemination were studied in two groups of mares: the abnormal group comprised of 6 old barren mares categorized in biopsy category IIB or III, and the control group including 6 reproductively normal young maiden mares in biopsy category I or IIA. All 12 mares were inseminated in the first c...

Gu?venc, Kazim; Reilas, Tiina; Katila, Terttu

2004-01-01

254

The Viability of Local Ram Semen in Tris Buffer With Three Different Egg Yolks  

OpenAIRE

Egg yolk consisted of lecithin and phospholipids are one of the most commonly used components that will protect spermatozoa against cold shock during cooling and freezing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different hen egg yolk on Tris extender on the freezability of local ram semen. Semen from six sexually matured local rams was collected weekly using artificial vagina. Collected semen was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically and extended using tris extender con...

Wmm, Nalley; Ri, Arifiantini

2011-01-01

255

Collection, analysis and cryopreservation of semen from Malayan gaur (Bos gaurus hubbacki): A preliminary study  

OpenAIRE

The Malayan gaur (Bos gaurus hubbacki) or Seladang is classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The Malayan gaur is mainly distributed in the tropical woodlands of Peninsular Malaysia and Southern Thailand. The aim of this study was to collect, analyze and cryopreserve the semen of wild Malayan gaur. Transrectal massage (TM) and electroejaculation (EEJ) technique was applied in semen collection of the Malayan gaur. The semen w...

Khairiah, M. S.; Zawawi, I.; Wahid, H.; Hajarian, H.; Fahrul, F. J.; Hafiz, M. D.; Hafiz, M. M.; Ann, Z. F.; Iswadi, M. I.; Mazni, O. A.

2012-01-01

256

The in vitro effect of leptin on semen quality of water b uffalo ( Bubalus bubalis ) bulls  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the probable effects of leptin addition indifferentlevels to the semen extender on sperm quality (motility and motility parameters,viability,sperm membrane integrity, and DNA damage). Semen specimens were evaluatedimmediately after leptin addition, equilibration time and after thawing the frozen semen.Fivehealthy buffalo bulls (5 ejaculates from each bull) were used.Each ejaculate was diluted at 37 ?Cwith tris-based extender containing 0 (control), 1...

Amir Khaki; Rooz Ali Batavani; Gholamreza Najafi

2013-01-01

257

ANALISIS PENGARUH MODAL KERJA DAN LIKUIDITAS TERHADAP RENTABILITAS PADA PT SEMEN BOSOWA MAROS  

OpenAIRE

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada PT Semen Bosowa Maros yang berlokasi di Tukamasae Desa Baruga Kecamatan Bantimurung yaitu 45 km dari Makassar dan 10 km dari kota Maros. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis apakah modal kerja dan likuiditas berpengaruh signifikan terhadap rentabilitas pada PT Semen Bosowa Maros dan untuk mengetahui variabel yang lebih dominan mempengaruhi rentabilitas pada PT Semen Bosowa Maros. Teknik analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah analisis regres...

MIRNAWATI; Alam, Syamsu; Gamalca

2011-01-01

258

A Review of the Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activities of Raphani Semen  

OpenAIRE

The dried ripe seed of Raphanus sativus L., commonly known as radish seed (or Raphani Semen), is used as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat constipation, chronic tracheitis, and hypertension. The major active compounds in Raphani Semen are alkaloids, glucosinolates, brassinosteroids, and flavonoids. Fatty acids are its main nutritional contents. Raphani Semen has been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, constipation, and cough. So far,...

Daniel Kam-Wah Mok; Shun-Wan Chan; Chi-On Chan; Yam-Fung Ng; Tung-Ting Sham; Ailsa Chui-Ying Yuen

2013-01-01

259

Metabolism of testosterone by human semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Following the incubation of human sperm and seminal plasma with 13C2-labelled testosterone, the main metabolite, identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), was 4-androstene-3,17-dione. In addition, 6 alpha- and 6 beta-hydroxytestosterone were identified. The more common metabolites of testosterone were not detected, and it is possible that the high substrate-tissue ratio influenced the result. Incubation of individual sperm and seminal plasma specimens with [14C]testosterone resulted in the identification, by specific activity measurements, of 4-androstene-3,17-dione in almost every specimen but with a widely varying conversion rate. Dihydrotestosterone, which on general grounds was considered a likely metabolite, could not be positively confirmed as such, although in some samples its presence was suspected. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was also used to identify steroids in sperm and seminal plasma extracts. Some, but not all the steroids identified as present in such extracts by other investigators, were found. During the course of this work C18 Sep-Pak cartridges were successfully used to prepare fractions suitable for SP-Sephadex and TEAP-Lipidex chromatography and subsequent analysis by GC-MS. Their use eliminated the need for purification steps otherwise necessary. PMID:3990287

Dow, P R; Davis, J C; Gow, J G; Wade, A P; Rose, M E

1985-03-01

260

Effect of split ejaculation and seminal extenders on longevity of donkey semen preserved at 5° C  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to evaluate the longevity of donkey sperm comparing the rich seminal fraction and the whole semen in two extenders, Kenney and modified Baken extenders. Semen of five donkeys were collected through an open-end artificial vagina once a week for five consecutive weeks. The two first jets (rich fraction) of semen were collected separately from the rest of the ejaculate. Whole semen samples were obtained mixing proportionally part of the rich with part of the poor semina...

Mello S.L.V.; Henry M; Souza M.C.; Oliveira S.M.P.

2000-01-01

261

Factors associated with the determination of antibiotic activity in bovine semen.  

OpenAIRE

Rosaramicin, an agent shown to be effective in vitro against ureaplasma of bovine origin was tested as an additive to bovine semen extender. Although some reduction in semen quality occurred it was still deemed satisfactory for use. In a test involving 41 cows inseminated once at estrus with rosaramicin-treated semen (162 mcg/mL) the nonreturn rate was 24% compared to a calculated average for this semen of 63% (n = 3310). The effect of centrifugation, time and temperature was examined in vitr...

Truscott, R. B.

1983-01-01

262

Impact of chronic viral diseases on semen parameters.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C (HCV) and B (HBV) virus infection on semen parameters. Semen samples were obtained from 27 HCV, 34 HIV, 30 HBV and 41 HCV-HIV-seropositive patients and compared with those of a control population of healthy seronegative subjects. Tests for detection of HIV, HCV and HBV were performed on seminal samples. The sperm concentration was significantly decreased in HCV- and HBV-seropositive males compared to that of controls (P HIV-seropositive subjects (P wash was significantly higher in controls than in HCV-, HIV-, HBV- and HIV-HCV-seropositive men (P HIV- and HCV-HIV-infected men is still under debate. Further investigations in a larger case series are warranted. PMID:20384803

Lorusso, F; Palmisano, M; Chironna, M; Vacca, M; Masciandaro, P; Bassi, E; Selvaggi Luigi, L; Depalo, R

2010-04-01

263

Effects of osmotic pressure on motility, plasma membrane integrity and viability in fresh and frozen-thawed buffalo spermatozoa.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the first experiment, osmotic pressure of semen and seminal plasma in a semen sample from each of the 20 mature Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls was determined. In the second experiment, effects of osmotic pressure on motility (%), plasma membrane integrity (%) and viability (%) in fresh and frozen-thawed semen samples from each of the seven mature Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls was determined. In the first experiment, seminal plasma was harvested by centrifuging semen at 400 × g for 10 min at 37°C and osmotic pressure was determined using an osmometer. In the second experiment, motility (%) was assessed in fresh and frozen-thawed (37°C for 30 s) semen samples using a phase-contrast microscope (×400). Plasma membrane integrity (%) was determined by mixing 50 ?l each of fresh and frozen-thawed semen with 500 ?l of solution having an osmotic pressure of 50, 100, 150, 190 or 250 mOsm/l (hypotonic treatments of fructose + sodium citrate) and incubating at 37°C for 1 h. Viability (%) of fresh and frozen-thawed spermatozoa before and after challenging them to osmotic pressure (hypotonic treatments) was assessed using supravital stain under a phase-contrast microscope (×400). In the first experiment, the mean ± s.e. osmotic pressures of the buffalo semen and seminal plasma were 268.8 ± 1.17 and 256.0 ± 1.53 mOsm/l, respectively. In the second experiment, motility (%) decreased (P Nili-Ravi buffalo semen and seminal plasma is determined. Furthermore, variation in osmotic pressure below 250 mOsm/l is not favorable to fresh and frozen-thawed buffalo spermatozoa. PMID:22443568

Khan, M I R; Ijaz, A

2008-04-01

264

Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on drake semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This study was conducted to determine the effect on semen quality traits of supplementing the diets of Iraqi drakes with L-carnitine. Forty eight male Iraqi ducks, 30 weeks old, were randomly allocated to four treatments with 12 drakes per treatment group, replicated three times, with four drakes pe [...] r replicate. The treatment groups consisted of birds fed a diet free of L-carnitine (T1, control group); birds fed a diet containing 50 mg L-carnitine/kg diet (T2); birds fed a diet containing 100 mg L-carnitine/kg diet (T3); and birds fed a diet containing 150 mg L-carnitine/kg diet. The drakes were fed the experimental diets only during the experimental period, which lasted three months. The semen quality traits that were investigated were ejaculate volume, mass and individual motility of spermatozoa, spermatocrit, spermatozoa concentration, percentages of dead and abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormalities. Supplementing the diet of drakes with L-carnitine at the levels of 50 - 150 mg/kg diet significantly increased ejaculate volume, spermatocrit, mass and individual motility of spermatozoa, and concentration of spermatozoa, while percentages of dead and abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormalities were decreased. However, T4 (150 mg L-carnitine/kg diet) recorded the best results in relation to all semen quality traits included in this study. Dietary supplementation with L-carnitine improved the semen quality of local drakes; therefore L-carnitine can be used as an efficient feed additive to improve the reproductive performance of male ducks.

H.J., Al-Daraji; A.O., Tahir.

2014-01-01

265

Semen quality in welders exposed to radiant heat.  

OpenAIRE

Several studies suggest that welding is detrimental to the male reproductive system. Welding fume and radiant heat are of interest as possible causal factors. This study investigates semen quality and sex hormone concentrations among 17 manual metal arc alloyed steel welders with a moderate exposure to radiant heat (globe temperature ranging from 31.1 degrees to 44.8 degrees C), but without substantial exposure to welding fume toxicants. During exposure to heat the skin temperature in the gro...

Raymond, L. W.

1993-01-01

266

Semen Parameters and Chromatin Packaging in Microsurgical Varicocelectomy Patients  

OpenAIRE

Background: Varicocelectomy is considered as standard treatment for male infertility for clinicalvaricocele. The aim of this study is to address the effects of varicocelectomy on semen parameters,chromatin packaging, and pregnancy outcome.Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was carried out between June 2006 and February2011 on 145 infertile men with grade II or III varicocele. Microsurgical varicocelectomy wasperformed as part of patient management. Sperm count, motility, morpholo...

Marziyeh Tavalaee; Homayon Abbasi; Mohammad Reza Deemeh

2012-01-01

267

Karakterisasi Ball Mill Import pada Industri Semen di Indonesia  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristics of import Ball Mill which is used at cement mills in Indonesia. There were two kind of import Ball Mill from PT. Semen Gresik, Tbk that used in this research which are A type (Ø 30 mm) and B type (Ø 40 mm). Visual investigation, chemistry composition, distribution of hardness, and microstructure photograph was conducted characterize these ball mill. Visually, the import Ball Mill has rough surface, white coloring when cut of...

Ratna Kartikasari; Soekrisno, R.; Noer Ilman, M.

2007-01-01

268

Semen collection and preservation in African catfish, Clarias gariepinus  

OpenAIRE

Stock improvement using quantitative and molecular genetics is an essential part of nowadays production of farm animals and fish. To achieve this in aquaculture, germplasm of both parental sexes should be obtained in a life-saving manner. In captivity, male African catfish, Clariasgariepinus , do not release semen under abdominal massage and have to be sacrificed to obtain sperm from the macerated testes. Of course, this is regarded as a major constrains by the catfish farming s...

Viveiros, A. T. M.

2002-01-01

269

Current methods for stallion semen cryopreservation: a survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Various factors affect the success of AI with frozen-thawed semen in horses. Stallion variability is thought to be one of the major factors, but semen processing and evaluation techniques, thawing protocols, packaging systems and timing of insemination are far from standardized among laboratories. Our objective was to survey current methods for stallion semen cryopreservation used commercially around the world. From the answers to the questions in the survey, we attempted to provide an overview of procedures that are standard as well as those that are used by only few laboratories and to review critically the efficacy of these procedures. Twenty-five questionnaires were sent to individuals or laboratories in 14 countries that were i.v. involved in freezing stallion semen for commercial purposes. Questionnaires were returned from 10/14 countries with 21/25 (84%) of the addresses responding. From the responses, it became evident that most of prefreezing, freezing and thawing and post-thawing processing procedures were far from standardized. The great variety of procedures makes it difficult to accept any of them as reliable. In order to increase the credibility of AI technology in the horse, laboratories need to standardize processing methods as well as the record-keeping systems. In addition, it is evident that no group of research mares is large enough to provide meaningful fertility data. It is therefore imperative to have multicentered collaborative studies to record and disseminate information about methods and the corresponding fertility rate. to gain valuable information and be able to compare different protocols. PMID:10732098

Samper, J C; Morris, C A

1998-04-01

270

Penjadwalan Truk Untuk Memaksimalkan Target Realisasi Distribusi Semen Kantong Di Unit Terminal Pengantongan Semen PT. Semen Andalas Indonesia Lhoknga banda Aceh  

OpenAIRE

PT Lafarge Cement Indonesia (LCI) or PT Semen Andalas Indonesia, Lhoknga, has produced 1,78 milionns/ton a year in 2012. It has 19 distributors bag and 4 packing warehouse placed in Lhoknga, Belawan, Batam and Lhokseumawe. Distribution of bag cement in lhoknga hasnot reached the maximum process, idle capacity of the machine reach 30%/mont. The research purpose is to maximize or minimize the distribution of the target relisasi Idle capacity on the distribution of bags of cement in the ce...

Mahdi

2014-01-01

271

Semen study of papaya workers exposed to ethylene dibromide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A cross sectional semen and cytogenetic study was performed on male workers exposed to ethylene-dibromide (EDB) in the papaya fumigation industry in Hawaii. Semen analyses were conducted on 46 men in six fumigation facilities with an average length of employment of 5 years and airborne exposures to EDB ranging from 16 to 213 parts per billion. Statistically significant decreases in sperm count per ejaculate and the percentage of viable and motile sperm and increases in the proportion of specific morphological abnormalities were observed among exposed men when compared with controls. Semen volume and sperm concentration were also lower in the exposed group. No effect of exposure to EDB on sperm velocity, the overall proportion of sperm with normal morphology or YFF bodies was noted. The authors conclude that based on the decreases in sperm count, viability and motility and increases in certain types of morphological abnormalities among workers exposed to EDB, EDB may increase the risk of reproductive impairment in workers at exposure levels near the NIOSH recommended limit of 45 parts per billion and far below the current OSHA standard of 20 parts per million.

Ratcliffe, J.M.; Schrader, S.M.; Steenland, K.; Clapp, D.; Turner, T.

1984-01-01

272

Prospective surveillance of semen quality in the workplace  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We performed a prospective surveillance of semen quality among workers in the plant where 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane was first recognized as an occupational cause of impaired semen quality and of infertility. All male employees of the Agricultural Chemical Division were required to participate. Ninety-seven workers (92% participation) provided 258 semen samples over the 4 years of the program. Most samples were analyzed at the plant with a mini-laboratory designed for the study. Motility and shape measures were made objectively. Sixty-six subjects (68%) were non-azoospermic. Generalized multiple regression showed no significant predictors for any response, with the exception of the motility measures, which were reduced with longer times between ejaculation and assay. Between- and within-person standard deviations and correlations were calculated. Comparison of this population with fertile artificial insemination donors (16 men, 498 ejaculates) revealed generally higher ejaculate-to-ejaculate standard deviations in the worker samples. This is probably due to less well controlled conditions of sperm collection in the workplace setting. For cross-sectional studies, one ejaculate per worker is recommended as sufficient; for estimating an individual worker's mean, even three ejaculates may not provide enough precision.

Schenker, M.B.; Samuels, S.J.; Perkins, C.; Lewis, E.L.; Katz, D.F.; Overstreet, J.W.

1988-04-01

273

Sperm banking for male cancer patients: social and semen profiles  

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Full Text Available PURPOSE: Report the characteristics of cryopreserved semen from a cohort of male cancer patients, attitudes towards cryopreservation and outcomes of semen samples based on a 12-year cryopreservation program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 98 male cancer patients whose sperm samples were banked were evaluated. Demographic parameters, semen characteristics, destination of sperm banked samples and questionnaires answered by the patients regarding cryopreservation time were evaluated. RESULTS: The cancer diagnoses were testicle (56.1%, prostate (15.3%, Hodgkin’s lymphomas (9.2%, non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (7.1%, leukemia (3.1% and other malignancies (9.2%. The patients with testicular cancer presented lower sperm concentration (p < 0.001; however, there were no differences with the percentage of normozoospermic patients among cancer type groups (p = 0.185. A shorter time between cancer diagnosis and sperm banking was observed for testicular and prostate cancer patients (p < 0.001. Most of the patients (89.5% favored sperm banking as a fertility preservation method. CONCLUSIONS: Although less than 20% of banked sperm samples were disposed of, the majority of patients related sperm banking with safe for fertility preservation. Our results show that all male cancer patients of reproductive age facing cancer treatment could be offered sperm banking.

Tatiana C.S. Bonetti

2009-04-01

274

Seasonal variations in semen characteristics, semen cryopreservation, estrus synchronization, and successful artificial insemination in the spotted deer (Axis axis).  

Science.gov (United States)

Ten adult male spotted deer were monitored over a 2-year interval to determine seasonal variations in testicular size, semen characteristics and serum testosterone concentrations, and to determine if there was an association between season and type of antler. Mean (+/-S.E.M.) testicular volume (118.8+/-4.6 cm(3)), serum testosterone concentration (1.2+/-0.1 ng/mL), semen volume (4.1+/-0.6 mL), sperm concentration (338.3+/-24.9 x 10(6) mL(-1)), percentage of morphologically normal sperm (79.1+/-2.8%), and percentage of motile sperm (66.5+/-1.5%) were higher (Passisted reproductive techniques to conserve other critically endangered deer species of India. PMID:17383719

Umapathy, Govindhaswamy; Sontakke, Sadanand D; Reddy, Anuradha; Shivaji, S

2007-05-01

275

EFFECTS OF A NEW ANTIBIOTIC COMBINATION ON POST -THAW MOTION CHRACTERISTICS AND MEMBRANE INTEGRITY OF BUFFALO AND SAHIWAL BULL SPERMATOZOA AND ON THE BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF THEIR SEMEN  

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Full Text Available In this study the effects of a new antibiotic combination, i.e., gentamycin, tylosin and linco-spectin (STLS on post-thaw motion characteristics, plasma membrane integrity, sperm morphology and the total aerobic bacterial counts (TABC in buffalo and Sahiwal bull semen were investigated. Ten ejaculates, five each from a buffalo and a Sahiwal bull, possessing more than 60% sperm motility were used. These ejaculates were diluted in Tris-citric acid (TCA extender (at 37 °C; 50 X 106 spermatozoa/mi, containing either GTLS (gentamycin 500 ?g/ml, tylosin 100 ?g/ml and linco-spectin 300/600 ?g/ml, streptomycin 1000 ?g/ml and penicillin 1000 IU/ml (SP, or negative control with no antibiotics (NCON. Samples were cooled to 4°C in 2 hours, equilibrated at 4°C for 4 hours, filled in 0.5 ml straws, frozen in a controlled rate cell freezer and plunged into liquid nitrogen. Frozen semen was thawed at 37°C for 15 seconds. Post-thaw sperm motion characteristics, plasma membrane integrity and sperm morphology were determined. Total aerobic bacterial counts and the frequency of appearance of bacterial genera were determined in neat semen, after dilution, and after freezing and thawing. Mean motilities (visual; computer-assisted, linear and circular, velocities (straight-line, average path and curvilinear and lateral head displacement (LHD in post- thaw semen samples did not differ due to antibiotics or species. Same was true for sperm plasma membrane integrity. Morphologically abnormal spermatozoa were lower (P<0.05 in GTLS and SP than in NCON. Sperm cells possessing normal acrosomes were higher (P<0.01 in GTLS and SP than in NCON. Total aerobic bacterial counts in post-thaw samples were lower (P<0.05 in GTLS than in SP or NCON. Staphylococcus and micrococcus were lower in samples treated with GTLS than that of SP or NCON. Pseudomonas and E.coli were more frequent in buffaloes than Sahiwal bull samples. Proteus and corynebacteria were scarcely present. In conclusion, GTLS was not determintal to post thaw motion characteristics, sperm morphology and membrane integrity of buffalo and Sahiwal bull spermatozoa. Furthermore, it efficiently reduced the number of aerobic micro-organisms in buffalo and Sahiwal bull semen.

S. Hasan, S. M. H. Andrabi, R. Muneer, M. Anzar and N. Ahmad

2001-01-01

276

The Total Antioxidant Power of Semen and Its Correlation with the Fertility Potential of Human Male Subjects  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: There are growing evidences that the damage which is caused to the spermatozoa by the Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) plays a key role in the male infertility. The seminal plasma is endowed with many enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants which protect the spermatozoa against oxidative stress.The present study was undertaken by using a simple, colourimetric, ferric reducing, antioxidant power for assessing the total antioxidant power rather than the individual antioxidants. The measurement of the individual antioxidants in the seminal plasma, such as Superoxide Dismutase, Vitamin E, etc. is time consuming, which often requires sophisticated and expensive techniques and these measurements may not correlate with the quality of semen. Aim: To evaluate the total antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma by estimating the Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) of semen in different groups of subjects and to correlate it with the different seminogram parameters. Material and Methods: The semen samples were obtained from 150 male partners of infertile couples who attended the Reproductive Biology Unit (Infertility Clinic) of the Department of Physiology, MGIMS, Sevagram, who were aged 20-58 years and they were analyzed for the routine seminogram parameters. All the subjects were categorized into two main groups, A. The subjects with abnormal ejaculates, who were further sub classified into the following groups i) Asthenoteratozoospermics (n=25) ii) Oligoasthenoteratozoospermics (n=26) and iii) Azoospermics (n=19) and B. The subjects with normal ejaculates (n=80). The total antioxidant power was measured spectrophotometrically by using the Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) assay. Results: The Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) was found to be significantly lower in the abnormal ejaculates than in the normal ejaculates. A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between the TAC and all the seminogram parameters such as the sperm concentration, sperm motility and sperm morphology (p<0.05). Conclusion: A decreased seminal plasma antioxidant capacity (TAC) could have significant role in the aetiology of impaired sperm functions. So, the tac may be used as specific biomarker for assessing the oxidative stress in sperms. PMID:23905087

Pahune, Pranjali Prabhakarrao; Choudhari, Ajay Rajeshwar; Muley, Parikshit Ashok

2013-01-01

277

Seasonal variations in seminal plasma proteins of buffalo.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was designed to evaluate the influence of season on semen characteristics and seminal plasma protein profile of buffalo bull semen. Thirty-six ejaculates were collected in three seasons (winter, summer and rainy) from six adult Bhadawari bulls, and semen characteristics were evaluated immediately after collection. The seminal plasma was harvested by centrifugation and protein profiling, and percentage protein fractions were analysed by SDS-PAGE. The significant effect of season was observed on ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, progressive motility, percentage live spermatozoa, hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) and acrosomal integrity. The electrophoretogram of seminal plasma proteins revealed 20 protein bands in winter, 23 bands in rainy and 25 bands in summer seasons, illustrating the significant effect of seasons on seminal plasma proteins. Among these protein bands, 18 bands were observed common in semen samples of all three seasons while protein bands of 46, 55, 58, 144 and 160 kDa were found in rainy and summer seasons. The protein bands of 48 and 60 kDa were observed only in winter season, whereas 184 and 200 kDa were reported in summer season only. The protein fractions (protein%) of common protein bands observed in three seasons revealed a significant effect of season on protein bands of 24.5, 66, 70, 72, 84 and 86 kDa. From the study, it was pertinent that bull seminal plasma contains specific proteins in particular season, which may be associated with some of the semen characteristics, and these proteins could be used as markers of the semen quality of buffalo bulls. PMID:24597848

Sharma, L; Pandey, V; Nigam, R; Singh, P; Saxena, A; Swain, D K

2014-06-01

278

Osborne Selection Index and Semen Traits Interrelationships In Rhode Island Red and White Breeder Cocks  

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Full Text Available Three hundred and sixty-one cocks from five hatches, one week apart, were used in this study. The birds which were made up of 203 birds from strain A (male line and 158 birds from strain B (female line were subjected to semen collection using the massage technique. The ejaculates were then subjected to both physical and chemical evaluations for semen quality analysis. The parameters considered were semen volume, semen colour, sperm progressive motility, sperm concentration, total sperm per ejaculate, concentration of live sperm and percent abnormal sperm. Results showed that the mean values for all the parameters lie within the acceptable range reported for normal cock semen. Moderate to high heritability estimates for most of the semen traits were also observed. The least square means (±SE for semen volume, sperm progressive motility, sperm concentration, total sperm per ejaculate and concentration of live sperm cells obtained in this study were 0.42±0.02 ml, 73.46±2.04%, 1.47±0.15x109/ml, 64.15±5.67x109/ml and 86.45±2.63%. The heritability estimates obtained were 0.55±0.03 for semen colour, 0.45±0.08 for semen volume, 0.83±0.04 for sperm progressive motility, 0.52±0.06 for sperm concentration, 0.33±0.02 for total sperm count, 0.46±0.03 for concentration of live sperm cells respectively. High and positive genetic correlations between Osborne Selection Index and semen volume, semen colour, sperm concentration as well as with concentration of live spermatozoa were also obtained. The lowest value (0.008±0.010 of phenotypic correlation obtained was for total sperm per ejaculate and the highest value (0.066±0.027 was for semen volume. Therefore the genetic correlation between Osborne Selection Index and most semen traits were positive, hence, selection of males on the index values, currently been practiced in NAPRI, will not bring about any deterioration in semen quality. On the other hand, due to significantly negative genetic correlation between Osborne index and abnormal sperms, it will indirectly improve the semen quality of both lines which in turn may yield better fertility in the Rhode Island flock.

M. Kabir

2007-01-01

279

Pregnancy rates following AI with sexed semen in Mediterranean Italian buffalo heifers (Bubalus bubalis).  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of sexed semen in farm animal production and genetic improvement has been shown to be feasible with variable degree of efficiency in a number of species, and proved to be economically viable in cattle. In the last two decades, various newly developed reproductive technologies applicable in buffaloes have mushroomed. Recently, following the birth of the first buffalo calves using AI with sexed semen, commercial interest to exploit sexing of semen in this species too is aroused. In order to verify the successful adoption of this technology in the buffalo, the present study on the use of sexed semen for AI was carried out and compared with conventional artificial insemination using nonsexed semen. A total of 379 buffalo heifers were used for synchronization of ovulation using the Presynch protocol in the South of Italy. Selected animals at the time of AI were randomly allocated to three different experiment groups: (1) 102 animals subjected to AI in the body of the uterus with sexed semen (SS body); (2) 104 animals subjected to AI in the horn of the uterus with sexed semen (SS horn); and (3) 106 animals subjected to AI in the body of the uterus with conventional nonsexed semen (NSS body). Semen of three buffalo bulls was sexed by a collaborating company and commercially distributed in 0.25 mL straws with a total of 2 million sexed spermatozoa. Pregnancy rates were first assessed at Day 28 following AI, and rechecked at Day 45 by ultrasound. Pregnancy rates were nonsignificantly different between animals inseminated with sexed or nonsexed semen: 80/206 (38.8%) and 40/106 (37.7%), respectively (P = 0.85). However, site of insemination of sexed semen affected pregnancy rate significantly as higher pregnancy rates were obtained when sexed semen was deposited into the body rather than the horn of the uterus: 46/101 (45.5%) and 34/105 (32.3%), respectively (P = 0.05). In conclusion, the use of sexed semen in buffalo heifers gave satisfactory and similar pregnancy rates when compared with conventional nonsexed semen. Deposition of sexed semen into the body of the uterus, however, increased pregnancy rates significantly. PMID:21497388

Campanile, G; Gasparrini, B; Vecchio, D; Neglia, G; Senatore, E M; Bella, A; Presicce, G A; Zicarelli, L

2011-08-01

280

Effect of glycerol on the viability and fertility of cooled bovine semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to compare the viability and fertility of bovine semen diluted in Botu-Bov (BB) commercial extender with and without the cryoprotectant glycerol then cooled at 5 degree C for 24 hours in the Botu-Flex passive cooling system and of semen diluted in BB with glycerol then frozen. One ejaculate of 30 Nelore Bos Taurus indicus bulls between 24 and 30 months of age was used for in vitro analysis. Sperm kinetics and cell viability were analyzed using computer-assisted sperm analysis and flow cytometry, respectively. Three Nelore bulls approximately 30 month old were used for in vivo test using fixed-time artificial insemination for the fertility analysis. The ejaculates were divided into three experimental groups: semen in BB extender with 7% glycerol cooled at 5 °C for 24 hours (cooled semen with cryoprotectant), semen in BB without glycerol cooled at 5 °C for 24 hours (cooled semen without cryoprotectant), and semen diluted in BB with 7% glycerol then subsequently frozen rather than cooled (frozen semen). For the fertility analysis, 762 Nelore cows (B taurus indicus) were randomly inseminated using fixed-time artificial insemination. For the groups corresponding to cooled semen with cryoprotectant, cooled semen without cryoprotectant, and frozen semen, 278, 268, and 216 cows were inseminated, respectively, and the resulting conception rates were 51% a, 44%ab and 41%b (P < 0.05), respectively. In conclusion, the fertility rates improved, when samples were cooled with glycerol at 5 °C for 24 hours compared with the frozen samples. PMID:25441498

Papa, Patricia M

2015-01-01

281

Fertilization Capacity of Rooster Spermatozoa in Response to the Modification in the Semen Composition  

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Full Text Available An experiment was carried out to study the changes in fertilization capacity of rooster sperms in response to the modification in the biochemical composition of the semen. Chickens of two lines (CE2 and CE4 were used. Seven treatments of semen were designed and included the incubation of sperm with the plasmid, with a mixture of the plasmid and lipofectin at 2.5 or 5% concentration and the incubation of spermatozoa with lipofectin and a semen extender (BPSE. The progenies were obtained from the insemination of hens by the semen of different treatments. Sperm motility was greatly influenced by the treatments. Motility was significantly the highest in the control semen and averaged 92.42% and highly significantly declined to 52.08 and 58.75% in the semen samples treated with the plasmid, lipofectin at 2.5 or 5% concentration and diluted with BPSE. The percentage of live sperm was not affected by the addition of the plasmid. The addition of the plasmid and lipofectin or the dilutent BPSE resulted in a significant reduction in the percentage of live sperms. The percentage of live sperms was 59-62% when the plasmid, lipofectin and BPSE were all together added to the semen samples. The percentages of dead and abnormally-shaped sperm reached to 26.88 and 17.13%, respectively, in the semen treated with plasmid, lipofectin 5% and BPSE. Fertility averaged 88.22% in the eggs of hens inseminated with the control semen and significantly decreased to 42.14% when semen was incubated with the plasmid pUC18 and reached to 58.98% when semen was treated with plasmid, lipofectin (5% and BPSE.

Shoukry M. El-Tantawy

2012-01-01

282

Comparison of different extenders and storage temperature on the sperm motility characteristics of Kolbroek pig semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Maintaining a successful pig artificial insemination programme depends on a number of factors, including evaluation of semen characteristics. This study compared the efficacy of different extenders on the sperm motility of Kolbroek semen during short term storage at 4 °C and 25 °C. Semen was collect [...] ed from Kolbroek boars using the gloved hand technique and transported to the laboratory for evaluation. Semen was pooled and randomly allocated to four groups and diluted at a ratio of 1:1 (v/v) with Beltsville thawing solution (BTS), Kobidil+, egg yolk citrate (EYC) and non-extended semen (Control). Each extender had two similar semen samples, making a total of eight samples. Extended and non-extended semen were stored at 4 °C and the other samples at 25 °C for 1 h. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The total sperm motility of semen stored at 25 °C was higher when semen was extended with BTS and Kobidil+ in comparison to the egg yolk citrate diluent. However, total sperm motility in the non-extended semen did not differ from the BTS and EYC group during storage at 25 °C. Sperm progressive motility was higher in the BTS group, compared to the Kobidil+ and non-extended groups. Sperm motility of Kolbroek semen at 4 °C did not differ between all extender treatments. Total motility rate was significantly higher when Kolbroek sperm were stored at 25 °C than at 4 °C. It can be concluded that Kolbroek sperm, extended with BTS, maintained their motility rate better for short term storage at 25 °C in comparison to 4 °C.

M.H., Mapeka; K.C., Lehloenya; T.L., Nedambale.

283

Flora bacteriana del semen de toro antes y después de la congelación (Bacterial flora of bull semen before and after freezing process  

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Full Text Available Se investigó por bacteriología general el semen fresco y después de la congelación de 50 toros de inseminación artificial y se efectuó el conteo total de unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC. A l5 de los toros se les realizó el examen bacteriológico de sus lavados prepuciales. En todas las muestras de semen fresco se obtuvo crecimiento bacteriano y los gérmenes más frecuentemente aislados fueron: Escherichia coli (50,0%, Staphylococcus aureus (36,0% y Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa (28,0%. En el semen congelado solamente se obtuvo crecimiento en el 20,0%. El 74,0% del semen fresco alcanzó conteos ? 1 x 104 UFC/mL antes de ser procesado; después de la congelación el 80,0% fue estéril. En el total de lavados prepuciales se obtuvo crecimiento y se detectó en mayor proporción el Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa (60,0%, microorganismo también aislado en el semen fresco de estos toros. Se concluyó que la adición de antibióticos al menstruo y posterior congelación en pastillas, disminuye notablemente la carga microbiana presente en el semen. It was investigated through general bacteriology both fresh semen and after the freezing process, carried out in 50 bulls of artificial insemination, total counting of colony forming units (CFU was made. A bacteriological analysis of the prepucial washing was made on 15 of these bulls. In all samples of fresh semen there was bacterial growing. The most frequently germs were: Escherichia coli (50,0%, Staphylococcus aureus (36,0% and coagulase negative Staphylococcus (28,0%. In samples of frozen semen growth was only obtained in the 20,0%. The 74,0% of samples of fresh semen reached counts ? 1 x 104 CFU/mL before being processed; after freezing 80,0% of the samples were sterile. In all prepucial washings it was obtained growth and mostly detected coagulase negative Staphylococcus (60.0%, was also isolated in the fresh semen of these bulls. We concluded that the addition of antibiotics to the menses and later freezing in pills, diminishes the load microbial present notably in the semen

Enrique A. Silveira Prado

2005-10-01

284

Successful artificial insemination in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) using chilled and frozen-thawed semen  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Artificial insemination (AI) using frozen-thawed semen is well established and routinely used for breeding in various mammalian species. However, there is no report of the birth of elephant calves following AI with frozen-thawed semen. The objective of the present study was to investigate the fertilizing ability of chilled and frozen-thawed semen in the Asian elephant following artificial insemination (AI). Methods Semen samples were collecte...

Wongkalasin Warut; Boonprasert Khajornpat; Rungsri Ronnachit; Jansittiwate Saran; Angkawanish Taweepoke; Pinyopummin Anuchai; Kornkaewrat Kornchai; Pongsopavijitr Pornsawan; Thitaram Chatchote; Mahasawangkul Sittidet; Thongtip Nikorn; Homkong Pongpon; Dejchaisri Suthathip; Wajjwalku Worawit; Saikhun Kulnasan

2009-01-01

285

THE EFFECT OF GLYCEROL CONCENTRATION IN TRIS GLUCOSE EGG YOLK EXTENDER ON THE QUALITY OF TIMOR DEER FROZEN SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

The aims of study was to compare the glycerol concentration in Tris glucose egg yolk (TGEY) diluents on the quality of deer frozen semen. Semen was collected from 5 Timor deer using electroejaculator. Immediately after collection the semen was evaluated macroscopic and microscopically. After initial evaluation, the semen was divided into three tubes and extended with Tris egg yolk with three different glycerol concentrations, which were 10% (TGEY10); 12% (TGEY12) and 14% (TGEY14). The sperm m...

Nalley, W. M. M.; Handarini, R.; Yusuf, T. L.; Purwantara, B.; Semiadi, G.

2011-01-01

286

Cryopreservation of turkey semen: effect of breeding line and freezing method on post-thaw sperm quality, fertilization, and hatching.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cryopreservation methods for poultry semen are not reliable for germplasm preservation, especially for turkeys, where fertility rates from frozen/thawed semen are particularly low. The objective was to evaluate cryopreservation methods for effectiveness in promoting cryosurvival and post-thaw function of sperm from five turkey lines: one commercial line and four research (RBC1; E; RBC2; F) lines from Ohio State University (OSU). The model for cryopreservation was set up as a 2×2×2×5 design for cryoprotectant (glycerol or dimethylacetamide (DMA)), cryopreservation medium (Lake or ASG), method of dilution (fixed dilution volume versus fixed sperm concentration) and turkey line, respectively. The final cryoprotectant concentrations were 11% glycerol or 6% DMA. Thawed sperm were evaluated for plasma membrane integrity and quality, motility, acrosome integrity and, after artificial insemination, for egg fertility and hatchability. Commercial turkey hens were used for all fertility trials, regardless of semen source. Turkey sperm frozen with glycerol exhibited higher membrane integrity and membrane quality upon thawing than turkey sperm frozen with DMA although no differences in total motility, and only minimal differences in progressive motility, were detected among the eight cryopreservation treatments. Within line, fertility was affected by cryoprotectant, medium and dilution method, where the overall highest percentages of fertile, viable embryos (Day 7) occurred for the DMA/ASG/fixed sperm concentration method, while high percentages (15.8-31.5%) of fertile, non-viable embryos (Day 1-6) were observed for multiple cryopreservation methods, including two glycerol treatments. From a single insemination, the duration of true and viable fertility in all lines was 10-13 weeks and 9-10 weeks, respectively. The duration of hatchability was 4-6 weeks after insemination for four of the turkey lines. The highest percentage of viable embryos was observed for the commercial line (9.5±2.4%), followed by the E line (5.3±1.3%), F line (3.7±2.0%) and RBC2 line (2.6±0.8%). For the RBC1 line, there was 100% embryonic death by Day 6 of incubation. Overall, better fertility results were obtained with the cryoprotectant DMA, the ASG diluent and fixed sperm concentration. However, the applicability of this method for preserving semen from research populations may be line dependent. PMID:24731850

Long, Julie A; Purdy, Phillip H; Zuidberg, Kees; Hiemstra, Sipke-Joost; Velleman, Sandra G; Woelders, Henri

2014-06-01

287

Effect of sexed-semen use on Holstein conception rate, calf sex, dystocia, and stillbirth in the United States  

Science.gov (United States)

Most artificial-insemination organizations in the United States now market sex-sorted semen. For 10.8 million US Holstein breedings with conventional semen since January 2006 and 122,705 sexed-semen breedings, data were available from all breedings for conception rate, 12 and 9% of breedings for cal...

288

Different concentrations of cysteamine and ergothioneine improve microscopic and oxidative parameters in ram semen frozen with a soybean lecithin extender.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ergothioneine and cysteamine as antioxidant supplements in a soybean lecithin extender for freezing ram semen. Twenty-four ejaculates were collected from four rams and diluted with extenders (1.5% soybean lecithin, 7% glycerol) containing no supplements (control) and cysteamine or ergothioneine (2, 4, 6 or 8mM). Motility by CASA, viability, plasma membrane functionality (HOS test), total abnormality, lipid peroxidation, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and capacitation status (CTC staining) were assessed after thawing. Using 6mM of either antioxidant improved total motility. Cysteamine at 6mM and ergothioneine at 4 and 6mM improved viability and reduced lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde concentration). Both antioxidants improved membrane functionality significantly, except at 8mM. Progressive motility, kinematic parameters, GPx activity, capacitation status and sperm abnormalities were not influenced by the antioxidant supplements. In conclusion, cysteamine at 6mM and ergothioneine at 4 or 6mM seem to improve the post-thawing quality of ram semen cryopreserved in a soybean lecithin extender. PMID:24854868

Najafi, Abozar; Kia, Hossein Daghigh; Mohammadi, Hossein; Najafi, Mir Hossein; Zanganeh, Zaynab; Sharafi, Mohsen; Martinez-Pastor, Felipe; Adeldust, Hamideh

2014-08-01

289

Effects of feeding tuna oil on the lipid composition of pig spermatozoa and in vitro characteristics of semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to characterize the effects of feeding tuna oil on the lipid and fatty acid composition of boar spermatozoa and to relate changes in composition to boar semen characteristics. Ten boars were paired by age and allocated to one of two diets (five boars per diet). The diets, which were offered for 6 weeks, consisted of a basal diet that was either unsupplemented or supplemented with 30 g tuna oil kg(-1) diet. Adding tuna oil to the diet increased the ether extract concentration of the diets fed from 65 to 92 g kg(-1) dry matter and supplied 10.5 g long chain polyunsaturated (n-3) fatty acids per 100 g total fatty acids. There were no changes in semen fatty acid composition after 3 weeks of feeding tuna oil. However, after 5 and 6 weeks, the proportions (g per 100 g total fatty acids) of 22:6(n-3) in sperm phospholipid fatty acids were increased from 34.5 to 42.9 g by feeding tuna oil and 22:5(n-6) decreased from 29.8 to 17.9 g. No changes were observed in other sperm lipids or seminal plasma phospholipids as a result of the diets fed. Feeding tuna oil increased the proportion of spermatozoa with progressive motility and with a normal acrosome score and reduced the proportion of spermatozoa with abnormal morphologies. PMID:11226056

Rooke, J A; Shao, C C; Speake, B K

2001-02-01

290

First successful artificial insemination with frozen-thawed semen in rhinoceros.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first successful artificial insemination (AI) in a rhinoceros was reported in 2007 using fresh semen. Following that success, we decided to evaluate the possibility of using frozen-thawed semen for artificial insemination. Semen, collected from a 35-36 year old Southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum) in the UK was frozen using the directional freezing technique. This frozen semen was used in two intrauterine AI attempts on a 30 years old female rhinoceros in Hungary. The first attempt, conducted 30 days postpartum with an insemination dose of approximately 135 x 10(6) motile cells, failed. The second attempt, conducted two estrus cycles later with an insemination dose of approximately 500 x 10(6) motile cells, resulted in pregnancy and the birth of a healthy offspring. This represents the first successful AI using frozen-thawed semen in a rhinoceros, putting it among very few wildlife species in which AI with frozen-thawed semen resulted in a live birth. The incorporation of AI with frozen-thawed semen into the assisted reproduction toolbox opens the way to preserve and transport semen between distant individuals in captivity or between wild and captive populations, without the need to transport stressed or potentially disease carrying animals. In addition, cryopreserved spermatozoa, in combination with AI, are useful methods to extend the reproductive lifespan of individuals beyond their biological lifespan and an important tool for managing genetic diversity in these endangered mammals. PMID:19007979

Hermes, R; Göritz, F; Saragusty, J; Sós, E; Molnar, V; Reid, C E; Schwarzenberger, F; Hildebrandt, T B

2009-02-01

291

Thermotemporal dynamics of contaminant bacteria and antimicrobials in extended porcine semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bacterial contamination of extended porcine semen has been associated with deleterious effects on both semen quality and sow fertility. Retrospective, prospective and in vitro studies were performed to delineate the prevalence and behavior of certain bacterial contaminants in extended semen, and antimicrobial pharmacodynamics in various semen diluents. Retrospective review of extended semen samples submitted from North American boar studs for microbiological screening at the University of Pennsylvania Reference Andrology Laboratory in 2005 and 2006 yielded bacteriospermia prevalence rates of 17% (144/832) and 26% (256/984), respectively. In a prospective study of regional boar studs, of 91 extended semen samples tested over 1-y, 29% were positive for bacteriospermia. Retrospective and prospective studies both showed that the preponderance of contaminant positive samples occurred during the fall months (Pkinetics at 37 degrees C of several genera of bacteria in four semen diluents containing amoxicillin, gentamicin, tylosin, and lincomycin/spectinomycin (single drug or combination) ranged from 75 to over 360min, and was highly dependent (P<0.05) upon both type of bacteria and semen diluent. PMID:18774598

Althouse, G C; Pierdon, M S; Lu, K G

2008-11-01

292

Evaluation of semen quality in 1808 university students, from Wuhan, Central China  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the semen quality of university students in Wuhan, the largest city in the world in terms of the number of university students. All student sperm donors recorded in the Hubei Province Human Sperm Bank from 1 March 2010 to 31 December 2013 were screened. At last, a total of 3616 semen samples from 1808 university student sperm donors were eligible and retrospectively analyzed. Each donor's semen parameters were averaged over two samples and compared with the World Health Organization criteria, and a generalized linear regression model was used to examine several determinants of semen quality. We found that the mean and median values were 3.0 ml and 2.8 ml for semen volume, 50.2 × 106 ml?1 and 50.0 × 106 ml?1 for sperm concentration, 148.1 × 106 and 142.1 × 106 for total sperm count, and 58.6% and 60.0% for total sperm motility. About 85.0% of donors had parameters that were all normal. Season and duration of abstinence were critical factors affecting semen quality. We also found a decrease in sperm concentration during the 4 years observation; however, this may not be a strong evidence to confirm the declining trend of semen quality. In conclusion, semen quality of university students in Wuhan was not optimal and should be paid high attention, long-term observation and further study should be carried out to confirm the present situation. PMID:25337834

Rao, Meng; Meng, Tian-Qing; Hu, Si-Heng; Guan, Huang-Tao; Wei, Qin-Yu; Xia, Wei; Zhu, Chang-Hong; Xiong, Cheng-Liang

2015-01-01

293

ACTIVITY OF NADH-TETRAZOLIUM REDUCTASE IN RAM SEMEN DURING LIQUID AND CRYOPRESERVATION  

OpenAIRE

The investigations for the determination of NADH-tetrazolium reductase enzyme system activity in ram semen during liquid and cryopreservation in relation with their viability, were carried out. The semen samples with lower motility of spermatozoa after collection, possess lower values of mean cytochemical coefficient for NADH-tetrazolium reductase activity ( ?<0.5, ?<0.5) after liquid and cryopreservation.

Stefanov, Rossen

2011-01-01

294

Freezability of Tushin ram semen extended with goat or cow milk based extenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cow milk is used as an extender for ram semen cryopreservation. Caseins, the major proteins of milk, appear to provide some protective effect to sperm during cryopreservation. Goat milk has unique casein structure. The aim of this study was to investigate effect of goat milk, as a main semen extender, on freezability of Tushin Ram semen. For this aim, ejaculates from four Tushin rams were collected with artificial vagina and pooled. Pooled semen was separately extended with four different extenders: TRIS based (TRIS), cow skim milk based (CSM) (10 g/100 ml), cow semi-skim milk based (CSSM) and goat semi-skim milk based (GSSM) extenders, containing egg yolk and glycerol. The semen was cryopreserved and stored in liquid nitrogen until examination date. After thawing (at 37°C for 1 min), sperm motility, viability, morphology, acrosome and membrane integrity (HOST) were evaluated. Although, there was not any significant differences between extenders in post-thaw percentage of viable spermatozoa (p>0.05), Tushin ram semen extended with GSSM or CSM extenders had significantly higher post-thaw percentage of progressive motility (25.0% and 30.8% respectively), compared with CSSM and TRIS (7.5% and 14.1% respectively, pram semen extended with GSSM (49.5%) and CSM (51.5%), compared with CSSM (65.7%) and TRIS (60.7%) (pram semen, instead of cow milk and Tris based extenders, as a main extender. PMID:21352385

Ari, U Ç; Kulaksiz, R; Öztürkler, Y

2011-12-01

295

ACTIVITY OF NADH-TETRAZOLIUM REDUCTASE IN RAM SEMEN DURING LIQUID AND CRYOPRESERVATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The investigations for the determination of NADH-tetrazolium reductase enzyme system activity in ram semen during liquid and cryopreservation in relation with their viability, were carried out. The semen samples with lower motility of spermatozoa after collection, possess lower values of mean cytochemical coefficient for NADH-tetrazolium reductase activity ( ?<0.5, ?<0.5 after liquid and cryopreservation.

Rossen STEFANOV

2011-01-01

296

The effect of cryopreservation on goat semen characteristics related to sperm freezability.  

Science.gov (United States)

Seminal quality parameters were used to evaluate the effect of freeze-thawing procedure on goat sperm characteristics, and to relate possible changes in sperm parameters to cryopreservation success. Semen samples (n=110) were frozen with TRIS and milk-based extenders and thawed. Sperm quality parameters (motility, morphology and acrosome) were compared between fresh and frozen-thawed samples. Sperm freezability was judged by classifying the semen samples as "suitable" or "not suitable" according to the sperm quality parameters assessed before and after thawing. Fertility data was obtained after cervical insemination with frozen semen doses. The ejaculates were grouped into two categories according to their fertility results. In experiment 1, significant differences were found between semen extenders (P0.05) on the majority of the sperm parameters assessed after thawing. Moreover, significant differences (P0.05) in semen parameters assessed in fresh semen and frozen-thawed samples were found between groups. The effect of freezing and thawing on sperm quality parameters were different (Pgood" or "bad" based on fresh and post-thaw semen parameters studied in the present experiment were good indicators of goat semen freezability, although the fertilizing capacity of frozen-thawed goat spermatozoa are not revealed by this quality study. PMID:20462708

Dorado, J; Muñoz-Serrano, A; Hidalgo, M

2010-08-01

297

Semen parameters at different age groups of male partners of infertile couples.  

Science.gov (United States)

As a good number of couples are coming to infertility clinics to have children at advanced ages, it is essential to know whether advanced paternal age is associated with diminished semen quality and a higher risk of infertility. This retrospective study was done to see the effects of age on semen quality, a well-known indicator of fertility status. Semen parameters of smokers and non-smokers in the study population were also analyzed. A sample of 1121 male partners of infertile couples (aged 25-55 years) who came to an infertility clinic for treatment were included into the study. In addition to clinical history including lifestyle, medical and occupational details and physical examination, their semen samples were examined. Semen volume (ml), sperm concentration (x 10(6)/ml), motility (%), rapidly progressing (%), slowly progressing (%), non-progressive (%) motility and morphology (%) were measured. Semen volume showed IQR 1.5-3.0 ml, and significant decreasing trend with increasing age (r = -0.070, page. There was no significant difference between semen parameters of smokers and non-smokers in the study population. This study shown that semen volume, sperm motility and rapidly progressing motility were significantly decreased with increasing age. PMID:22561776

Hossain, M M; Fatima, P; Rahman, D; Hossain, H B

2012-04-01

298

Seasonal changes in semen quality and freezability in the Warmblood stallion.  

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The objective of this study was to investigate seasonal changes in stallion semen quality and to determine the best time for semen cryopreservation. Experiments were performed using 10 Warmblood stallions from the National Stud Farm in Avenches (Switzerland). Ejaculates were collected and frozen every other week during 1 year from January to December 1999. Volume, concentration, and motility, and the number of morphologically normal sperm and sperm with major defects (abnormal heads, acrosome defects, nuclear vacuoles, proximal droplets, abnormal midpieces) were evaluated. For all frozen-thawed semen samples motility as well as viability (SYBR-14/PI) was tested, and the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS) was performed. To analyze seasonal differences 4 periods of 3 months each were defined: autumn (September, October, November), winter (December, January, February), spring (March, April, May) and summer (June, July, August). During the 1 year experiment all semen quality parameters showed a clear seasonal pattern. The volume, total sperm count and motility in fresh semen were significantly higher (Pfrozen-thawed semen motility was significantly (Psemen quality of fresh and frozen-thawed semen and that cryopreservation of stallion semen should preferably be performed in autumn. PMID:12763159

Janett, F; Thun, R; Niederer, K; Burger, D; Hässig, M

2003-08-01

299

Uso de dilutores hipertónicos en la criopreservación de semen ovino / Hypertonic extenders in the cryopreservation of ovine semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se evaluó el efecto crioprotector de dos dilutores hipertónicos (Trealosa y Lactosa) sobre las características postdescongelamiento del semen ovino (n=4). La composición de los dilutores base incluyó Tris 27.1 g/l, ácido cítrico 14.0 g/l, fructosa 10.0 g/l, glicina 10.0 g/l, yema de huevo 10.0 % (v/ [...] v) y glicerol 6.5 % (v/v). El semen colectado con vagina artificial tuvo las siguientes características: volumen: 1.1 ± 0.1ml, concentración espermática: 3.5 ± 0.1 x 109/ml, motilidad individual: 87.0 ± 2.4%, motilidad masal (escala 0- 5): 4.4 ± 0.2, espermatozoides vivos: 90.2 ± 3.8% y anormales 1.8 ± 0.7%. El semen fue congelado en pajillas de 0.5 ml y conservado en nitrógeno líquido. Las pajillas fueron descongeladas luego de 3 meses para su evaluación. Se obtuvo una motilidad individual de 40.3 ± 5.9 y 30.0 ± 5.0% y un número de espermatozoides vivos de 34.4 ± 6.6 y 24.4 ± 5.0 para los dilutores Trealosa y Lactosa, respectivamente. El mejor resultado se obtuvo al utilizar el dilutor hipertónico Trealosa por tener mejores características de motilidad individual y espermatozoides vivos postdescongelamiento. Abstract in english The cryoprotectant effect of two hypertonic extenders (trehalose and lactose) on the post-thawing characteristics of ram semen (n=4) was evaluated. The extender composition included Tris 27.1 g/l, Citric acid 14.0 g/l, Fructose 10.0 g/l, Glycine 10.0 g/l, egg yolk 10.0% (v/v) and Glycerol 6.5% (v/v) [...] . Semen was collected in an artificial vagina. Seminal characteristics were: volume: 1.1 ± 0.1 ml, sperm concentration: 3.50 ± 0.1 x 109/ml, individual motility: 87.0 ± 2.4%, wave motility (scale 0-5): 4.4 ± 0.2, live sperms: 90.2 ± 3.8%, and abnormal sperms: 1.8 ± 0.7%. Semen was frozen in 0.5 ml straws and stored in liquid nitrogen. Straws were thawed after 3 months. Results of post-thawing evaluation were: individual motility: 40.3 ± 5.9 and 30.0 ± 5.0%, and live sperms: 34.4 ± 6.6 and 24.3 ± 5.0% for the Trehalose and Lactose extenders respectively. Results showed a better ram semen cryopreservation when the Trehalose extender was used.

Hernán, Guerrero V.; Wilfredo, Huanca L.; Fernando, Raymundo T.; Sandra, Huerta O.; Daphne, Ramos D..

300

Semen cassiae attenuates myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury in high-fat diet streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic rats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which is characterized by hyperglycemia, are liable to more severe myocardial infarction. Semen Cassiae is proven to reduce serum lipid levels. This study investigated whether the Semen Cassiae extract (SCE) reduces myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MI/R) injury with or without diabetes and the underlying mechanisms. The high-fat diet-fed streptozotocin (HFD-STZ) rat model was created as a T2DM model. Normal and DM rats received SCE treatment orally (10 mg/kg/day) for one week. Subsequently these animals were subjected to MI/R. Compared with the normal animals, DM rats showed increased plasma total cholesterol (TC) and triacylglycerol (TG), and more severe MI/R injury and cardiac functional impairment. SCE treatment significantly reduced the plasma TC and TG, improved the instantaneous first derivation of left ventricle pressure and reduced infarct size, decreased plasma creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase levels, and apoptosis index at the end of reperfusion in diabetic rats. Moreover, SCE treatment increased the antiapoptotic protein Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation levels. Pretreatment with a PI3K inhibitor wortmannin or an ERK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 not only blocked Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation respectively, but also inhibited the cardioprotective effects of SCE. However, SCE treatment did not show any effects on the MI/R injury in the normal rats. Our data suggest that SCE effectively improves myocardial function and reduces MI/R-induced injury in diabetic but not normal animals, which is possibly attributed to the reduced TC/TG levels and the triggered cell survival signaling Akt and ERK1/2. PMID:24467537

Fu, Feng; Tian, Fei; Zhou, Heping; Lv, Weifeng; Tie, Ru; Ji, Lele; Li, Rong; Shi, Zhenwei; Yu, Liming; Liang, Xiangyan; Xing, Wenjuan; Xing, Jinliang; Yu, Jun; Sun, Lijun; Zhu, Hailong; Zhang, Haifeng

2014-01-01

301

Application of a quantitative 1H-NMR method for the determination of amygdalin in Persicae semen, Armeniacae semen, and Mume fructus.  

Science.gov (United States)

A quantitative (1)H-NMR method (qHNMR) was used to measure the amygdalin content of Persicae semen, Armeniacae semen, and Mume fructus, in each of which amygdalin constitutes a major component. The purity of amygdalin was calculated from the ratio of the intensity of the amygdalin H-2 signal at ? 6.50 ppm in pyridine-d 5 to that of the hexamethyldisilane (HMD) signal at 0 ppm. The HMD concentration was corrected by the International System of Units (SI) traceability with certified reference material (CRM)-grade bisphenol A. qHNMR revealed the amygdalin contents to be 2.72 and 3.13% in 2 lots of Persicae semen, 3.62 and 5.19% in 2 lots of Armeniacae semen, and 0.23% in Mume fructus. Thus, we demonstrated the utility of this method for the quantitative analysis of crude drugs. PMID:23744252

Tanaka, Rie; Nitta, Akane; Nagatsu, Akito

2014-01-01

302

Schmallenberg virus detection in bovine semen after experimental infection of bulls.  

Science.gov (United States)

To study Schmallenberg virus (SBV) excretion in bovine semen after experimental infection, two bulls were inoculated subcutaneously with a SBV isolate (1 ml Vero cell culture 106 TCID50). After inoculation (at day 0), semen was collected daily from both animals for 21 days and samples were tested for SBV by qRT-PCR assay. At 24 days post-inoculation both animals were subjected to necropsy and the genital organs and lymph nodes draining these organs were also tested for SBV RNA (qRT-PCR). After SBV infection both animals in the study showed viraemia (qRT-PCR) with fever and diarrhoea. SBV RNA could be detected in semen from both animals. The highest SBV RNA concentrations in semen were found in the first week (days 4-7 post-inoculation) but concentrations were relatively low (Ct values 30-39). Viable SBV was only isolated from blood samples and not from semen or genital tissues. PMID:24103399

Van Der Poel, W H M; Parlevliet, J M; Verstraten, E R A M; Kooi, E A; Hakze-Van Der Honing, R; Stockhofe, N

2014-07-01

303

Prevalence of abnormal semen analysis in patients of infertility at a rural setup in Central India  

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Full Text Available Background: Semen analysis is an indispensable diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the male partners of infertile couples. Methods: Semen samples were analysed by manual method. Analyses were for volume, viscosity, sperm concentration, motility, and morphology, according to WHO guidelines on semen analysis Results: This study, done at a rural setup, at Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital has demonstrated that abnormal semen quality is a major factor in our rural setup with 52% of male partners of infertile couples having abnormal semen parameters. Conclusion: Male contribution towards infertility is yet to be studied and requires more elaborate research. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(2.000: 161-164

Shubhada Jajoo

2013-04-01

304

Virus de transmisión sexual: relación semen y virus / Virus of Sexual transmission: Semen and virus relationship  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Actualmente, existe debate sobre la posibilidad de «infección»/interacción de los espermatozoides con diferentes virus, inclusive para algunos virus se intentan dilucidar mecanismos y receptores que podrían estar involucrados en esta interacción. Adicionalmente, se ha reportado la pres [...] encia de algunos genomas virales en el DNA espermático, planteando la posibilidad de transmitir la infección a la pareja y a la descendencia. Objetivo: En la presente revisión se pretende describir los mecanismos de infección de algunos virus a las fracciones seminales, pretendiendo mediante una revisión bibliográfica, responder a la pregunta ¿cómo los virus de transmisión sexual infectan al semen? Materiales y métodos: Se realizo una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre la interacción de virus y espermatozoides. Resultados: Algunos virus pueden interactuar con los espermatozoides y estos podrían transferir el virus a la descendencia; sin embargo, en la mayoría de los casos, los receptores que permiten esta interacción no están claramente descritos. Conclusiones: A pesar de la información actual, nuevos estudios experimentales son necesarios para determinar el papel de los espermatozoides en la diseminación de la infecciones de transmisión sexual. Abstract in english Introduction: The possible "infection"/interaction processes between sperm and different microorganisms are being under discussion nowadays. This process might include some viruses and even recent investigations are aiming to elucidate the mechanisms and the receptors that may be involved in this in [...] teraction. Furthermore, it has been reported the presence of some viral genomes within the sperm DNA, raising the possibility of transmitting the infection to the partner and offspring. Objective: The aim of this review is to describe the mechanisms by how viruses could possibly infect some seminal fractions. This is pursued by performing a literature review for answering the question: how the sexually transmitted virus could be infecting sperm? Materials and methods: We carried out a bibliographic review about sperm and virus interaction. Results: Some viruses interact with sperm cells; and sperm cells could transfer the viruses to offspring, however, in most cases, the receptors that allow this interaction are not clearly described. Conclusions: Based on the current information, new in vitro studies are needed to determine the role of sperm in spreading viruses of sexually transmitted infections.

J.W., Zea-Mazo; Y.A., Negrette-Mejía; W., Cardona-Maya.

2010-12-01

305

FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN GANGGUAN FUNGSI PARU PADA PEKERJA PENGANGKUT SEMEN DI GUDANG PENYIMPANAN SEMEN PELABUHAN MALUNDUNG KOTA TARAKAN, KALIMANTAN TIMUR  

OpenAIRE

ABSTRAK Penyakit gangguan fungsi paru akibat debu semen mempunyai gejala yang mirip dengan penyakit paru lain yang tidak disebabkan oleh debu di tempat kerja. Penegakan diagnosis perlu dilakukan dengan tepat karena biasanya penyakit gangguan fungsi paru baru timbul setelah paparan debu dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian gangguan fungsi paru pada pekerja pengangkut semen di Pelabuhan Malundung Kota Tarakan, Kalima...

Adha, Riski Noor; Djajakusli, Rafael; Muis, Masyitha

2013-01-01

306

Obtención de cachorros mediante inseminación artificial con semen canino refrigerado.: Primera descripción en Chile Puppies obtained using artificial insemination with chilled extended semen.: First report in Chile  

OpenAIRE

Empleando una pareja de perros Siberian Husky, se describe, por primera vez en Chile, una inseminación artificial empleando semen canino refrigerado. El semen fue obtenido por manipulación digital y diluido con leche semidescremada UHT con antibióticos en relación 1:4 y refrigerado a 5ºC. Se practicaron 3 inseminaciones a partir del tercer día del estro, el cual fue determinado mediante exámenes de citología vaginal, considerándose inicio del estro cuando las células superficial...

Sa?nchez, A.; Rubilar, J.

2001-01-01

307

Semen parameters in fertile US men: the Study for Future Families.  

Science.gov (United States)

Establishing reference norms for semen parameters in fertile men is important for accurate assessment, counselling and treatment of men with male factor infertility. Identifying temporal or geographic variability in semen quality also requires accurate measurement of semen parameters in well-characterized, defined populations of men. The Study for Future Families (SFF) recruited men who were partners of pregnant women attending prenatal clinics in Los Angeles CA, Minneapolis MN, Columbia MO, New York City NY and Iowa City IA. Semen samples were collected on site from 763 men (73% White, 15% Hispanic/Latino, 7% Black and 5% Asian or other ethnic group) using strict quality control and well-defined protocols. Semen volume (by weight), sperm concentration (hemacytometer) and sperm motility were measured at each centre. Sperm morphology (both WHO, 1999 strict and WHO, 1987) was determined at a central laboratory. Mean abstinence was 3.2 days. Mean (median; 5th-95th percentile) values were: semen volume, 3.9 (3.7; 1.5-6.8) mL; sperm concentration, 60 (67; 12-192) × 10(6) /mL; total sperm count 209 (240; 32-763) × 10(6) ; % motile, 51 (52; 28-67) %; and total motile sperm count, 104 (128; 14-395) × 10(6) respectively. Values for sperm morphology were 11 (10; 3-20) % and 57 (59; 38-72) % normal forms for WHO (1999) (strict) and WHO (1987) criteria respectively. Black men had significantly lower semen volume, sperm concentration and total motile sperm counts than White and Hispanic/Latino men. Semen parameters were marginally higher in men who achieved pregnancy more quickly but differences were small and not statistically significant. The SFF provides robust estimates of semen parameters in fertile men living in five different geographic locations in the US. Fertile men display wide variation in all of the semen parameters traditionally used to assess fertility potential. PMID:24009155

Redmon, J B; Thomas, W; Ma, W; Drobnis, E Z; Sparks, A; Wang, C; Brazil, C; Overstreet, J W; Liu, F; Swan, S H

2013-11-01

308

EFFECT OF TWO DIFFERENT ANTIBIOTIC COMBINATIONS ON FERTILITY OF FROZEN BUFFALO AND SAHIW AL BULL SEMEN  

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Full Text Available This study was carried out to identify the suitable antibiotic combinations in semen extender for improvement in fertility of frozen semen of buffalo and cow (Sahiwal bulls to obtain better pregnancy rate through artificial insemination (AI. For this study eight first ejaculates, four each from a buffalo and a cow (Sahiwal bull were used. The ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted with Tris-citric acid extender (at 37°C; 50x 106 spermatozoa/mI, containing either SP (streptomycin 1000 ~g/ml and penicillin 1000 IU/ml or GTLS (gentamycin 500 µg/ml, Tylosin 100 µg/ml and linco-spectin 300/600 µg/ml. There was no difference in post-thaw motility for these samples. Fertility test based on 75-days first service pregnancy rate was determined under field conditions. A total of 400 inseminations were recorded, 200 for each buffalo and cow (Sahiwal with J 00 of each antibiotic combination, respectively. Fertility rates for SP-based frozen semen of buffalo bull were 41.66% and were 55.2% for GTLS-containing frozen semen, respectively. The results for GTLS were higher (P<0.0001 than SP. Similarly, fertility rates were higher (P<0.0001 for GTLS-based frozen semen of Sahiwal bull (78.78% than SP-containing frozen semen (69.6% of the same specie. Fertility rates also differed due to species of donor bulls. They were better (P<0.0001 for the frozen Sahiwal bull semen than that of the buffalo bull in both SP and GTLS- based frozen semen samples, respectively. In conclusion. seminal quality measured by field fertility trial indicated GTLS combination of antibiotics added to the semen extender was better for improvement in the fertility of frozen buffalo and Sahiwal bull semen, by yielding better pregnancy rates through AI.

S.M.H. Andrabi, N. Ahmad, A. Abbas and M. Anzar

2001-09-01

309

Successful artificial insemination in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus using chilled and frozen-thawed semen  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Artificial insemination (AI using frozen-thawed semen is well established and routinely used for breeding in various mammalian species. However, there is no report of the birth of elephant calves following AI with frozen-thawed semen. The objective of the present study was to investigate the fertilizing ability of chilled and frozen-thawed semen in the Asian elephant following artificial insemination (AI. Methods Semen samples were collected by from 8 bulls (age range, 12-to 42-years by manual stimulation. Semen with high quality were either cooled to 4°C or frozen in liquid nitrogen (-196°C before being used for AI. Blood samples collected from ten elephant females (age range, 12-to 52-years were assessed for estrus cycle and elephants with normal cycling were used for AI. Artificial insemination series were conducted during 2003 to 2008; 55 and 2 AI trials were conducted using frozen-thawed and chilled semen, respectively. Pregnancy was detected using transrectal ultrasonography and serum progestagen measurement. Results One female (Khod inseminated with chilled semen became pregnant and gave birth in 2007. The gestation length was 663 days and the sex of the elephant calf was male. One female (Sao inseminated with frozen-thawed semen showed signs of pregnancy by increasing progestagen levels and a fetus was observed for 5 months by transrectal ultrasonography. Conclusion This is the first report showing pregnancy following AI with frozen-thawed semen in the Asian elephant. Successful AI in the Asian elephant using either chilled or frozen-thawed semen is a stepping stone towards applying this technology for genetic improvement of the elephant population.

Wongkalasin Warut

2009-07-01

310

Semen Parameters in Fertile US Men: The Study for Future Families  

Science.gov (United States)

Establishing reference norms for semen parameters in fertile men is important for accurate assessment, counseling and treatment of men with male factor infertility. Identifying temporal or geographic variability in semen quality also requires accurate measurement of semen parameters in well-characterized, defined populations of men. The Study for Future Families (SFF) recruited men who were partners of pregnant women attending prenatal clinics in Los Angeles CA, Minneapolis MN, Columbia MO, New York City NY and Iowa City IA. Semen samples were collected on site from 763 men (73% White, 15% Hispanic/Latino, 7% Black and 5% Asian or other ethnic group) using strict quality control and well-defined protocols. Semen volume (by weight), sperm concentration (hemacytometer) and sperm motility were measured at each center. Sperm morphology (both WHO, 1999 strict and WHO, 1987) was determined at a central laboratory. Mean abstinence was 3.2 days. Mean (median; 5th – 95th percentile) values were: semen volume, 3.9 (3.7; 1.5 – 6.8) ml; sperm concentration, 60 (67; 12–192) × 106/ml; total sperm count 209 (240; 32–763) × 106; % motile, 51 (52; 28–67) %; and total motile sperm count, 104 (128; 14–395) × 106, respectively. Values for sperm morphology were 11 (10; 3–20) % and 57 (59; 38–72) % normal forms for WHO, 1999 (strict) and WHO, 1987 criteria, respectively. Black men had significantly lower semen volume, sperm concentration and total motile sperm counts than White and Hispanic/Latino men. Semen parameters were marginally higher in men who achieved pregnancy more quickly but differences were small and not statistically significant. The SFF provides robust estimates of semen parameters in fertile men living in five different geographic locations in the US. Fertile men display wide variation in all of the semen parameters traditionally used to assess fertility potential. PMID:24009155

Redmon, J. Bruce; Thomas, William; Ma, Wenjun; Drobnis, Erma Z.; Sparks, Amy; Wang, Christina; Brazil, Charlene; Overstreet, James W.; Liu, Fan; Swan, Shanna H.

2013-01-01

311

CORRELATION BETWEEN HYPO-OSMOTIC SWELLING TEST AND VARIOUS CONVENTIONAL SEMEN EVALUATION PARAMETERS IN FRESH NILI-RAVI BUFFALO AND SAHIWAL COW BULL SEMEN  

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Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the correlation of hypo-osmotic swelling test with conventional semen evaluation parameters of fresh semen collected from two Nili-Ravi buffalo and two Sahiwal cow bulls. A total of 10 pooled samples (each comprising two consecutive ejaculates from each bull were collected. Each semen sample was divided into two parts. One part was used for the evaluation of semen by conventional method, while the other part was subjected to hypo-osmotic swelling test by using 150 mOsm/L sodium citrate fructose solution. The mean sperm positive to HOS test was 85.25% both in Nili-Ravi buffalo and Sahiwal cow bull semen. Statistical analysis of the data revealed a significant (P<0.05 positive correlation between progressive motility, morphologically normal spermatozoa, sperm viability and percentage of HOS test positive spermatozoa for both species. It was inferred that HOS test could be a valuable method for routine evaluation of semen for artificial insemination.

L. A. LODHI, M. ZUBAIR, Z. I. QURESHI, I. AHMAD AND H. JAMIL

2008-12-01

312

Adaptation of ubiquitin-PNA based sperm quality assay for semen evaluation by a conventional flow cytometer and a dedicated platform for flow cytometric semen analysis.  

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The purpose of semen quality evaluation is to predict the fertility potential of the sample in an objective, rapid and inexpensive manner. However, utilization of sperm quality biomarkers such as ubiquitin and lectin Arachis hypogaea agglutinin (PNA) for flow cytometric semen evaluation might eliminate the need for visual assessment by microscopy. Herein, we demonstrate a robust ubiquitin and PNA-based semen evaluation conducted on a simple, easy to operate, dedicated sperm flow cytometer, EasyCyte Plus (IMV Technologies, L'Aigle, France). Semen samples were collected periodically from two dairy bulls, which were subjected to temporary scrotal insults to induce variable semen quality. Samples were labeled with fluorescently-conjugated anti-ubiquitin antibodies (bind exclusively to the surface of defective sperm) and lectin PNA (binds to acrosomal surface in prematurely capacitated and acrosome-damaged sperm). Fluorescent properties of the samples were measured with a conventional flow cytometer (Becton Dickinson FACScan; Becton Dickinson Corp., Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA) and by the EasyCyte (IMV Technologies) instrument. Data from the two flow cytometers were positively correlated for the percentage of PNA-positive sperm with a damaged acrosome (r = 0.47; P correlated (r = 0.90). The proportion of sperm with abnormal morphology was positively correlated with ubiquitin-induced fluorescence measured by EasyCyte (IMV Technologies) (r = 0.63; P < 0.001). These observations provided a rationale for the adaptation of a dual ubiquitin-PNA sperm quality assay for flow cytometric semen evaluation. PMID:21719088

Odhiambo, J F; Sutovsky, M; DeJarnette, J M; Marshall, C; Sutovsky, P

2011-10-01

313

Analysis of hygienic critical control points in boar semen production.  

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The present study addresses the microbiological results of a quality control audit in artificial insemination (AI) boar studs in Germany and Austria. The raw and processed semen of 344 boars in 24 AI boar studs were analyzed. Bacteria were found in 26% (88 of 344) of the extended ejaculates and 66.7% (18 of 24) of the boar studs. The bacterial species found in the AI dose were not cultured from the respective raw semen in 95.5% (84 of 88) of the positive samples. These data, together with the fact that in most cases all the samples from one stud were contaminated with identical bacteria (species and resistance profile), indicate contamination during processing. Microbiological investigations of the equipment and the laboratory environment during semen processing in 21 AI boar studs revealed nine hygienic critical control points (HCCP), which were addressed after the first audit. On the basis of the analysis of the contamination rates of the ejaculate samples, improvements in the hygiene status were already present in the second audit (P = 0.0343, F-test). Significant differences were observed for heating cabinets (improvement, P = 0.0388) and manual operating elements (improvement, P = 0.0002). The odds ratio of finding contaminated ejaculates in the first and second audit was 1.68 (with the 95% confidence interval ranging from 1.04 to 2.69). Furthermore, an overall good hygienic status was shown for extenders, the inner face of dilution tank lids, dyes, and ultrapure water treatment plants. Among the nine HCCP considered, the most heavily contaminated samples, as assessed by the median scores throughout all the studs, were found in the sinks and/or drains. High numbers (>10(3) colony-forming units/cm(2)) of bacteria were found in the heating cabinets, ejaculate transfer, manual operating elements, and laboratory surfaces. In conclusion, the present study emphasizes the need for both training of the laboratory staff in monitoring HCCP in routine semen production and audits in such AI centers for the external control of hygiene parameters. PMID:25459424

Schulze, M; Ammon, C; Rüdiger, K; Jung, M; Grobbel, M

2015-02-01

314

Studies on Freezing RAM Semen in Absence of Glycerol.  

Science.gov (United States)

Glycerol is widely used as a major cryoprotective agent for freezing spermatozoa of almost all species. However, it reduces fertility of sheep inseminated cervically compared with intrauterine insemination. Studies were conducted to develop a method and procedure for freezing ram semen in the absence of glycerol. Post -thaw survival of ram spermatozoa frozen in the absence of glycerol was affected by time and temperature after collection and before dilution and time after dilution and before freezing. Increase in time at 5^ circC before or after dilution and before freezing increased both post-thaw motility and number of cells passing through Sephadex filter. A cold dilution method was developed. Slow cooling of fresh ram semen and diluting at 5^circ C 2-3 hr. after collection, then freezing 1 hr. after dilution improved both post-thaw motility and number of cells passing through Sephadex filter compared with immediate dilution at 30-37^circC after collection and freezing 3-4 hr. later (P osmotic pressure of 375-400 mOsm/kg, containing 25-30% (v/v) egg yolk and 10% (v/v) maltose. A special device (boat) for freezing was constructed to insure the same height of the sample above LN _2 and thus the same freezing rate from freeze to freeze. Freezing of semen in 0.25cc straws at 5-10 cm above LN_2 (73.8 to 49.5 ^circC/min) yielded higher post-thaw motility than the rates resulted from freezing at 15 cm above LN_2 or 1 cm above LN _2. Faster Thawing in 37^ circC water for 30 sec. (7.8^ circC/sec.) increased post-thaw motility compared with slower thawing in 5 or 20^circ C water (P < 0.05). A lambing rate of 52.2% was obtained in one fertility trial conducted with ram semen frozen without glycerol and 17.1% in a second trial. One injection (IM) of 15 mg PGF_{2alpha}/ewe for estrus synchronization during breeding season resulted in higher heat response and lambing rate than two injections given 10 days apart.

Abdelnaby, Abdelhady Abdelhakeam

1988-12-01

315

Supplementation of different concentrations of Orvus Es Paste (OEP) to ostrich egg yolk lipoprotein extender improves post-thaw boar semen quality.  

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This study aimed to compare post-thaw quality of boar semen following freezing in an ostrich egg yolk lipoprotein (LPFo) extender supplemented with 0%, 0.25% and 0.50% Orvus Es Paste (OEP). Sperm assessments included total motility (TMOT), mitochondrial function (MF), plasma membrane integrity (PMI) and acrosome integrity (normal apical ridge, NAR). Considerable variations among boars and OEP treatments had a significant effect (P ostrich egg yolk lipoproteins, could have varying effects on post-thaw sperm survival. PMID:24988847

Fraser, L; Jasiewicz, E; Kordan, W

2014-01-01

316

A Study of a Method to Assess the Purity of Sorted Bovine Semen Using Rapid Single-Sperm Sexing PCR  

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Full Text Available Sort reanalysis using flow cytometry is the most common method for determining the purity of X or Y enriched semen. The high cost of this technique (including the required expensive, proprietary machine limits efforts to improve the technique and to promote develop applications for the sorted semen. In this study, the sperm sex (the presence of the X or Y chromosome was identified by both rapid PCR and flow cytometry reanalysis. The rapid PCR results showed that the percentages of X and Y sperm were 48 and 52% in unsorted semen, 92 and 8% in X-enriched semen and 17 and 83% in Y-enriched semen, respectively. Reanalysis of the DNA content of the sorted samples revealed that the X and Y sperm frequencies were 92 and 8% in X-enriched semen and 15 and 85% in Y-enriched semen, respectively. The sex ratio of unsorted semen analyzed by PCR did not significantly deviate from the expected ratio of 1:1 and there was no significant difference between the sex ratios of sorted semen samples determined by PCR and flow cytometry reanalysis. These results indicate that we have established an effective, reliable and rapid PCR method to verify the purity of sorted semen. This method should contribute greatly to the improvement of sperm sorting techniques and the development of applications for sorted semen.

Weihua Du

2011-01-01

317

Effect of dietary fat on the fatty acid composition and fertilizing ability of fowl semen.  

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Broiler breeder roosters received two diets, containing either 5% salmon oil (SO) or 5% corn oil (CO). The diets differed essentially in their polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition, with n-6:n-3 fatty acid ratios of 41.6 in SO and 1.5 in CO. The effects of these diets on the fatty acid composition of spermatozoa and seminal plasma, and on fertility evaluated after artificial insemination were observed. Whatever the diet, the fatty acid composition of spermatozoa showed notable amounts of 20:4n-6 (5-9%) and 22:4n-6 (15-21%). These essential fatty acids were not detected in the diets and were synthesized from 18:2n-6, which was abundant in the diet (15-16%) but low in spermatozoa (2-3%). Spermatozoa were also very rich in saturated fatty acids (39%). There was a clear influence of dietary lipids on the spermatozoa fatty acid profile: the proportion of n-3 fatty acids in spermatozoa from males fed SO compared to CO was higher (9.6% vs. 4.3%) and that of n-6 fatty acids was lower (22.4% vs. 33.3%). The fatty acid composition of seminal plasma included a higher proportion of saturated fatty acids (49%) than the proportion in spermatozoa, whereas minor fatty acids (14:0, 16:1n-7, 16:1n-9, 22:5n-3) were not detected. The influence of dietary lipids on the seminal plasma fatty acid profile was the same as for the spermatozoa, especially in the PUFA profile. In addition, the SO diet gave significantly higher fertility rates (96%) than the CO diet (91.6%). These results clearly show that the lipid composition of the diet may modify the fatty acid composition of the semen and its fertilizing ability. PMID:9160721

Blesbois, E; Lessire, M; Grasseau, I; Hallouis, J M; Hermier, D

1997-05-01

318

APLIKASI PEMETAAN ALIRAN NILAI DI INDUSTRI KEMASAN SEMEN  

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Full Text Available This paper describes the application of Value Stream Mapping to identify the waste in cement-package industry on PT IHSG. The Value Stream Mapping is used to map the activity towards the company's supply chain with the result that the non-value adding activity could be identified. The result will be an important fundament for identifying the defect and time. The effort for identifying the company's improvement meet the problem priority and it has a significant impact so that the time and cost consuming could be avoided. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Paper ini menggambarkan bagaimana aplikasi pemetaan aliran nilai dapat mengidentifikasi waste pada industri kemasan semen. Pemetaan aliran nilai digunakan untuk memetakan aktivitas pada rantai pasok perusahaan sehingga aktivitas yang tidak bernilai tambah dapat diketahui. Hasil pemetaan akan menjadi landasan penting didalam mengetahui cacat dan waktu tunggu. Upaya untuk mengidentifikasi perbaikan perusahaan sesuai dengan masalah prioritas yang ada dan memiliki dampak yang signifikan sehingga tidak terjadi pemborosan biaya dan waktu program perbaikan. Kata kunci: pemetaan aliran nilai, industri kemasan semen, waste.

Iwan Vanany

2005-01-01

319

Differential protein profile in sexed bovine semen: shotgun proteomics investigation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The preparation of sexed semen is based on the differential DNA content between the X and Y chromosome bearing sperm cells determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. In spite of its intrinsic limitations this represents the only effective method. However, the employment of sexed sperm for breeding food producing animals on a large scale requires additional knowledge in the protein repertoire for the development of improved methods to differentiate X and Y sperm cells maintaining high vitality. In order to address this issue, we performed a comparative shotgun proteomic investigation by nUPLC-MS/MS to characterize sexed bovine semen. The protein profiles of these two types of sperm cells have shown differential expression of proteins that may be directly associated with the main components of cytoskeletal structures of flagellum, as the axoneme, outer dense fibers and fibrous sheath, as well as glycolytic enzymes and calmodulin, involved in the energetic metabolism regulation. Overall these results may provide a base to a better comprehension of the biological features of sperm cells and may be useful to the development of alternative methods of separation. PMID:24226273

De Canio, Michele; Soggiu, Alessio; Piras, Cristian; Bonizzi, Luigi; Galli, Andrea; Urbani, Andrea; Roncada, Paola

2014-06-01

320

Improved diagnosis of male fertility potential via a combination of quantitative ultramorphology and routine semen analyses.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to develop a new male fertility diagnostic profile based on quantitative ultramorphology parameters and to determine the contribution of this profile to the enhancement of the routine semen analysis index reported previously. Semen samples from 208 males of known fertility and suspected infertility were evaluated for the ultrafine structure of the following sperm cell organelles: acrosome, post-acrosomal lamina, nucleus, neck, axonema, mitochondrial and fibrous sheaths. For each of these organelles, four pathological states (agenesis, incomplete genesis, malformation and degradation) and an intact state were defined. A quantitative ultramorphology index based on the incidence of intact nucleus, acrosome and fibrous sheath malformations enabled high accuracy in the classification (97% sensitivity and 90% specificity) of 74% of the cases. A combined semen quality index based on a proportional combination of the semen analysis and quantitative ultramorphology indices was found to increase the percentage of cases classified correctly to 80%. It was proposed that semen specimens of males whose fertility status cannot be predicted clearly using routine semen analysis should be fixed and sent for quantitative ultramorphology analysis to specialized laboratories so that their fertility potential can be determined more accurately using the semen quality index. PMID:7868676

Bartoov, B; Eltes, F; Pansky, M; Langzam, J; Reichart, M; Soffer, Y

1994-11-01

321

Determination of Sperm Sex Ratio in Bovine Semen Using Multiplex Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction  

Science.gov (United States)

Gender selection is important in livestock industries; for example, female calves are required in the dairy industry. Sex-sorted semen is commonly used for the production of calves of the desired gender. However, assessment of the sex ratio of the sorted semen is tedious and expensive. In this study, a rapid, cost effective and reliable method for determining the sex ratio was developed using a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. In this assay, the X and Y chromosome-specific markers, i.e., bovine proteolipid protein (PLP) gene and sex-determining region Y (SRY) were simultaneously quantified in a single tube. The multiplex real-time PCR assay was shown to have high amplification efficiencies (97% to 99%) comparable to the separated-tube simplex real-time PCR assay. The results obtained from both assays were not significantly different (p>0.05). The multiplex assay was validated using reference DNA of known X ratio (10%, 50%, and 90%) as templates. The measured %X in semen samples were the same within 95% confidence intervals as the expected values, i.e., >90% in X-sorted semen, <10% in Y-sorted semen and close to 50% in the unsorted semen. The multiplex real-time PCR assay as shown in this study can thus be used to assess purity of sex-sorted semen. PMID:25178292

Khamlor, Trisadee; Pongpiachan, Petai; Sangsritavong, Siwat; Chokesajjawatee, Nipa

2014-01-01

322

Effects of Diluents, Cryoprotectants, Equilibration Time and Thawing Temperature on Cryopreservation of Duck Semen  

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Full Text Available A series of sequential experiments were carried out to determine optimum diluents, cryoprotectants, equilibration time, and thawing temperature for frozen duck semen in order to set up the commercial semen cryopreservating techniques which could be applied to the conservation of genetic resources, breeding, and commercial production in domestic ducks. In experiment 1, the seven semen extenders were studied to determine efficacy of the diluent on cryopreservation of duck Semen. The result showed that the diluent which contains 0.14% potassium citrate, 1.40% sodium glutamate, 0.98% disodium hydrogen phosphate, 0.21% sodium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.7% glucose, and 0.7% inositol was better than other six semen diluents. In experiment 2, the effects of various concentrations of cryoprotectants including glycerol, dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO, dimethyl acetamide (DMA, and dimethyl formamide (DMF on cryopreservation of bird semen were evaluated. The results showed that the cryoprotectant containing 10% DMSO was better than others. The experiment 3 was conducted to determine the effect of equilibration time and thawing temperature on cryopreservation of bird semen. The optimum equilibration time was 15 min and the optimum thawing temperature was 40°C

X.F. Han

2005-01-01

323

Viral RNA load in semen from bluetongue serotype 8-infected rams: relationship with sperm quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated if viral RNA was detectable in the semen of rams clinically infected with bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) by RT-qPCR, and to what extent the amount detected may be predictive of sperm quality. Semen samples were collected on six occasions from 93 BTV-8 infected rams involved in two longitudinal (n=12 and 27, respectively) and one cross-sectional (n=54) field study. Semen quality was assessed in terms of mass motility, concentration of spermatozoa, percentage of living and dead spermatozoa as well as cytological features. An overall semen quality score (SQS) was established. Depending upon the studied population, BTV RNA was detected in 75-100% of semen samples at initial testing 25-57 days post-observation (DPO) of clinical signs, and was detectable up to 116 DPO in a proportion of rams undergoing repeated sampling. Semen quality variables were significantly altered following natural BTV-8 infection and correlated with the amount of BTV RNA present. The SQS did not return to normal when virus was no longer detectable, suggesting that clearance of BTV precedes full recovery of sperm quality. In conclusion, viral RNA may be transiently recovered from the semen of BTV-8 affected rams and may serve as an indicator in predicting ram breeding potential following natural infection. PMID:21802323

Leemans, Jérôme; Raes, Marianne; Vanbinst, Tine; De Clercq, Kris; Saegerman, Claude; Kirschvink, Nathalie

2012-06-01

324

Variation in lipid profiles within semen compartments--the bovine model of aging.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen lipid composition was examined in young and mature bulls. Given the specific roles of various semen compartments (i.e., seminal fluid, sperm head, and sperm tail) during fertilization, we hypothesized that altered fatty acid and cholesterol composition of a specific compartment might impair semen quality and sperm function. Semen samples were collected from five mature and five young Holstein Friesian bulls during the winter (December-January). Semen was evaluated by computerized sperm-quality analyzer for bulls and was centrifuged to separate the sperm from the seminal fluid. The sperm fraction was sonicated to separate its head and tail compartments. Cold extraction of lipids was performed, and fatty acids and cholesterol were identified and quantified by gas chromatography. Semen physiological features (concentration, motility, and progressive motility) did not differ between mature and young bulls. However, lipid composition within fractions varied between groups, with prominent impairments in the head compartment. In particular, the proportions of polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, and docosahexaenoic acid in the intact sperm; seminal fluid; and sperm head were lower in semen collected from mature bulls than in that from young bulls. The finding suggests an age-differential absorption and/or metabolism through spermatogenesis. Reduced proportions of major fatty acids in mature bulls might reduce membrane fluidity, which in turn might affect the ability to undergo cryopreservation and/or oocyte-sperm fusion through fertilization. PMID:23830232

Argov-Argaman, Nurit; Mahgrefthe, Karin; Zeron, Yoel; Roth, Zvi

2013-10-15

325

Season-induced variation in lipid composition is associated with semen quality in Holstein bulls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Season-induced variation in fatty acid and cholesterol composition in bovine semen has been associated with semen quality. Given the specific roles of the various semen compartments (seminal fluids, sperm head, and sperm tail) in fertilization, we hypothesized that environmental-stress-induced alterations in the lipid composition of a specific compartment might impair semen quality and sperm function. Semen samples were collected from five mature Holstein-Friesian bulls during the summer (August to September) and winter (December to January). Semen was evaluated by computerized sperm-quality analyzer, calibrated for bulls' semen, and centrifuged to separate the spermatozoa from the seminal fluids. The spermatozoal fraction was sonicated to separate the sperm head and tail compartments. Cold lipid extraction was performed with chloroform:methanol (2:1, vol/vol). Lipids were identified and quantified by gas chromatography. Seasonal variation was found in both physiological and structural parameters. The proportion of spermatozoa defined as morphologically normal was higher in the winter, with higher motility, progressive motility, and velocity relative to summer samples. Lipid composition within fractions varied between seasons with prominent impairment in the tail compartment, characterized by high saturated fatty acid, low polyunsaturated fatty acid, and low cholesterol concentrations during the summer. Given the association between alterations in lipid composition and reduced sperm motility and velocity during the summer, it is suggested that lipid composition might serve to predict sperm quality. PMID:23630332

Argov-Argaman, N; Mahgrefthe, K; Zeron, Y; Roth, Z

2013-05-01

326

Supplementation of soybean lecithin-based semen extender by antioxidants: complementary flowcytometric study on post-thawed ram spermatozoa.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of cysteine (C) and glutathione (G) on the post-thawed ram sperm quality. Collected semen samples from four mature rams were diluted with five soybean lecithin (SL)-based extenders containing: no antioxidant (SL-0), 5 mM cysteine (SL-C5), 10 mM cysteine (SL-C10), 5 mM glutathione (SL-G5) and 10 mM glutathione (SL-G10). After freeze-thawing process, motion and velocity parameters, plasma membrane integrity and functionality, morphological abnormality, lipid peroxidation, acrosomal status, mitochondria activity, and apoptosis status of post-thawed ram spermatozoa were assessed. The results showed that SL-C10 increased the total motility and plasma membrane integrity (p ram spermatozoa (55.86 ± 1.37 and 60.57 ± 1.34 %) compared to other extenders. Progressive motility was significantly higher in SL-C10 (24.71 ± 1.13 %) compared to SL-0 (20 ± 1.13 %) and SL-G10 (15 ± 1.13 %). Mitochondrial activity was significantly higher in SL-C10 (56.83 ± 2.29 %) compared to SL-G10 (38.75 ± 2.29 %). Capacitation and acrosomal status, lipid peroxidation, and the percentage of dead spermatozoa were not affected by different extenders. The percentage of live spermatozoa was higher in SL-C10 (56.33 ± 1.35 %) compared to other extenders. Also, SL-C10 resulted in a lower percentage of apoptotic spermatozoa (14.17 ± 0.53 %) compared to other extenders. The results of this study showed that supplementation of SL-based ram semen extender with 10 mM cysteine resulted in an improved quality of post-thawed ram spermatozoa. PMID:24907919

Sharafi, Mohsen; Zhandi, Mahdi; Akbari Sharif, Abbas

2014-06-01

327

Effect of the Type of Straw on the Spermatic Quality in the Freezing of Boar Semen  

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Full Text Available With the freezing boar semen, could have better options for the optimization of the reproductive handling in the swinish species as well as an alternative for the development of this cattle activity; using technologies like the implementation of banks of frozen of races with characteristic zootechnic of economic importance that guarantee the readiness of germinal material in the moment that is required, to have germinal material of males proven genetically, still when the animal no longer exists, to overcome certain intentional restrictions of transport of alive animals, for the problem of transmission of illnesses and, to overcome the restrictive of time of viability of the diluted fresh semen. In this work was examined the effect of the freezing boar semen in straws plastic of 0.5 and 5 mL on the Motility and the Acrosome Integrity (NAR. For it, 9 were used ejaculated of different animals, the experiment was carried out comparing fresh semen with thawing semen coming from straws of 0.5 and 5 mL. The results of percentages of motility and NAR for fresh and thawing semen, were of 86.19, 47.14 and 47.14, for straws of 0.5 mL and 75.62, 48.19 and 46.81, for straws of 5 mL. When carrying out the analysis of the variance and the test of multiple comparisons it was found that the freezing of the semen in both straws types, the percentages of motility and NAR reduce, with regard to the fresh semen; however, the macrotubes or straws of 5 mL, represent a good option in the artificial insemination using boar semen frozen-thawing.

C.A. C?rdova-Jim?nez

2006-01-01

328

An Outbreak of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus in Switzerland Following Import of Boar Semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

An outbreak of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) occurred in November 2012 in Switzerland (CH), traditionally PRRSV-free. It was detected after a German boar stud informed a semen importer about the detection of PRRSV during routine monitoring. Tracing of semen deliveries revealed 26 Swiss sow herds that had used semen from this stud after its last negative routine monitoring and 62 further contact herds. All herds were put under movement restrictions and examined serologically and virologically. As a first measure, 59 sows from five herds that had previously been inseminated with suspicious semen were slaughtered and tested immediately. Investigations in the stud resulted in 8 positive boars with recent semen deliveries to CH (Seven with antibodies and virus, one with antibodies only). In one boar out of six tested, virus was detected in semen. Of the 59 slaughtered sows, five from three herds were virus-positive. In one herd, the virus had spread, and all pigs were slaughtered or non-marketable animals euthanized. In the remaining herds, no further infections were detected. After confirmatory testings in all herds 3 weeks after the first examination gave negative results, restrictions were lifted in January 2013, and Switzerland regained its PRRSV-free status. The events demonstrate that import of semen from non-PRRS-free countries - even from negative studs - poses a risk, because monitoring protocols in boar studs are often insufficient to timely detect an infection, and infections of sows/herds occur even with low numbers of semen doses. The outbreak was eradicated successfully mainly due to the high disease awareness of the importer and because immediate actions were taken before clinical or laboratory diagnosis of a single case in the country was made. To minimize the risk of an introduction of PRRSV in the future, stricter import guidelines for boar semen have been implemented. PMID:25209832

Nathues, C; Perler, L; Bruhn, S; Suter, D; Eichhorn, L; Hofmann, M; Nathues, H; Baechlein, C; Ritzmann, M; Palzer, A; Grossmann, K; Schüpbach-Regula, G; Thür, B

2014-09-11

329

Improvement of the Shami goat semen quality by adding bovine serum albumin  

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Full Text Available The present study was aimed to improve the quality of Shami goat semen diluted with Tris diluent by adding bovine serum albumin. In the current study, six male goats were used. Semen was collected using artificial vagina of one ejaculate per week of every male included in this study. This study was performed during the breeding season from 1 \\ 10 \\ 2012 to 1 \\ 12 \\ 2012. In this study, two semen diluents were use first; Tris- fructose- egg yolk 2.5% and second Tris - fructose - 2.5% egg yolk with 1% of bovine serum albumin. Diluted semen samples were cooled gradually and stored at 5 ° C. Cooled diluted semen samples were examined every 24 h of storage to 144 h. These tests includes the proportion of live sperm and the percentage of secondary abnormalities of the sperm, the percentage of sperm acrosomal defects and percentage of progressive motility using a computer-aided sperm analysis. These results showed that the addition of bovine serum albumin with egg yolk to semen of male goats led to improved qualities of semen significantly (P<0.05 including the proportion of live sperm and the percentage of secondary abnormalities of the sperm, the percentage of sperm acrosomal defects and percentage of progressive motility. It could be concluded from the results of the current study, the possibility of storing goat semen for more than six days with alive sperm of more than 50% and the percentage of the progressive motility of more than 40% when adding bovine albumin serum to dilute goat semen at 1% level and this result has not reached by any previous study.

O.I. Azawi

2014-06-01

330

Genetic gain in dairy cattle populations is increased using sexed semen in commercial herds  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Using stochastic simulation, the effect of using sexed semen to cow dams (CD) in a dairy cattle breeding scheme, with or without use of multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) to bull dams (BD), on annual genetic gain at the population level was examined. Three levels of sexed semen were combined with three levels of MOET: no sexed semen, sexed semen to the best CD and sexed semen to all heifers, combined with no MOET, MOET on all BD and MOET randomly on 20% of the BD. In total, nine scenarios were compared. The simulated population was monitored for 30 years and included 450 herds with 100 cows each. Each year 50 young bulls (YB), 10 active sires and 215 BD were selected on best linear unbiased prediction estimated breeding values by truncation selection across the simulated population, and the YB were tested within the population. Use of sexed semen alone gave a positive increase in the annual genetic gain of 2.1% when used on the best CD and 2.7% when used on all heifers, but only the latter was statistically significant. The increased annual genetic gain was caused by a larger contribution from the CD to the BD. Use of sexed semen together with MOET on BD increased the annual genetic gain by 1.8–2.5% compared with schemes without sexed semen and MOET on all BD. Performing MOET on all BD enables selection of offspring with high Mendelian deviations, which increase the annual genetic gain. Use of sexed semen decreased the genetic lag between the sires and the CD by 12–14% when used on the best CD and by 6% when used to all heifers. The decrease in the genetic lag is caused by the increased selection intensity of the cow dams

SØrensen, Morten Kargo; Andersen, Jakob Voergaard

2011-01-01

331

A survey on the status of semen analysis in 118 laboratories in China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Collecting baseline information on how laboratories perform testing is a reasonable first step towards establishing intra- and inter-laboratory standardization and quality control for semen analysis. We carried out a survey of the laboratories performing the testing in Mainland China. A questionnaire, composed of 36 questions covering all aspects of semen analysis, was designed, and a copy was distributed to each of the 145 laboratories. Of these, 118 laboratories completed the questionnaires. The survey results showed that semen volume was measured visually in 53.6% (59/110) of the responding laboratories, and 70.9% (73/103) of laboratories analysed incompletely liquefied semen without any treatment. In addition, both manual-microscopic and computer-assisted semen-analysis systems were applied to analyse sperm concentration, motility and morphology. However, more than five methods were employed in routine sperm staining. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was commonly used for determining whether antisperm antibodies were present. Several seminal biochemical markers were analysed in only 27.1% (32/118) of the responding laboratories. Generally, there was a lack of intra- and inter-laboratory quality control measures for semen analysis in all laboratories responding to this survey. In conclusion, the methods of semen analysis and the interpretation of test results in the surveyed laboratories differed markedly. In particular, many laboratories employed methods other than those recommended by the World Health Organization Laboratory Manual for the Examination of Human Semen and Spermcervical Mucus Interaction (1999). These findings suggest an urgent need for the standardization of semen analysis with acceptable quality controls for each parameter to make the results repeatable and meaningful. PMID:19234484

Lu, Jin-Chun; Zhang, Hong-Ye; Hu, Yu-An; Huang, Yu-Feng; Lü, Nian-Qing

2010-01-01

332

The in vitro effect of leptin on semen quality of water b uffalo ( Bubalus bubalis bulls  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the probable effects of leptin addition indifferentlevels to the semen extender on sperm quality (motility and motility parameters,viability,sperm membrane integrity, and DNA damage. Semen specimens were evaluatedimmediately after leptin addition, equilibration time and after thawing the frozen semen.Fivehealthy buffalo bulls (5 ejaculates from each bull were used.Each ejaculate was diluted at 37 ?Cwith tris-based extender containing 0 (control, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 ng mL-1leptin. Thediluted semen was kept 4 hr in refrigerator to reach to the equilibration time and thenpacked in 0.5 mL French straws and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Our results showed that, in thefresh semen, no significant difference was observed in all sperm quality parametersevaluated among all of the examined leptin concentrations. Addition of 10 ng mL-1leptin intosemen extender significantly preserved sperm motility, all of the motility parameters, andviability in equilibrated semen compared to that of control group. However,in vitroadditionof 200 ng mL-1leptin, significantly decreased theses parameters. In the frozen thawed semen,all leptin concentrations decreased sperm motility and viability, but significant decrease wasobserved in concentrations of 100 and 200 ng mL-1. Adding leptin to semen extender did nothave any significant influence on sperm DNA damage andsperm membrane integrity in allexamined groups. These findings suggest thatin vitroaddition of 10 ng mL-1leptin couldpreserve sperm motility and viability in cooled semen of buffaloes.

Amir Khaki

2013-03-01

333

Effect of dietary selenium and vitamin E on ganders' response to semen collection and ejaculate characteristics.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compared to other domestic bird species, geese exhibit the lowest reproductive efficiency (poor semen quality, low egg production, and poor fertility and hatchability rates). From an economic perspective, it is a necessity of improve these reproductive traits. Studies have demonstrated that the essential trace element-selenium-plays key roles in testicular development and the maintenance of spermatogenesis. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of feed supplementation with organic selenium and vitamin E on ganders' response to manual semen collection and semen quality. Sixteen 3-year-old White Koluda ganders were randomly divided into two groups. The control group was provided commercial feed while the experimental group was provided with the same commercial feed supplemented with selenium (0.3 mg/kg) and vitamin E (100 mg/kg). The response of individual ganders from both groups to manual semen collection and the quality of the semen collected were evaluated. The supplements increased (P???0.05) the frequency and decreased the time interval of a complete ejaculatory response of the ganders to manual semen collections (82.7 % supplement vs. 73.5 % control). Males from the supplemented group had significantly higher (P???0.01; P???0.05) ejaculate volumes, sperm concentrations, and percentages of viable sperm and lower percentages of immature sperm (spermatids). Lipids peroxidation, expressed in terms of the malondialdehyde concentration, was lower (P???0.01) in semen of the supplemented group (0.172 nmol/50?×?10(6)) as compared to the controls (0.320 nmol/50?×?10(6)). Moreover, the duration of the reproductive period of the ganders in the experimental group was 1 week longer. The results show that supplemental dietary selenium and vitamin E improved both the ganders' response to manual semen collection and semen quality. We conclude that such feed supplementation could lead to greater economic benefits through increased reproductive efficiency within the goose production industry. PMID:23584843

Jerysz, Anna; Lukaszewicz, Ewa

2013-06-01

334

EFFECT OF REDUCING SPERM NUMBERS PER INSEMINATION DOSE ON FERTILITY OF CRYOPRESERVED BUFFALO BULL SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of reducing sperm numbers per insemination dose on fertility of cryopreserved buffalo bull semen. For this purpose, semen was collected at weekly intervals from a Nili-Ravi buffalo bull (Bubalus bubalis) using an artificial vagina in two batches. The ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted at 37°C with tris-citric acid extender having 15x106 or 30x106 motile spermatozoa/0.5 ml. After dilution, the semen was cooled to 4?C, equilibrate...

S M H Andrabi, M. Siddique

2006-01-01

335

EFFECT OF GONADOTROPIN RELEASING HORMONE ON SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALO BULLS  

OpenAIRE

The study was aimed at determining the effect of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) on semen characteristics in two Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase comprising 4 weeks, the bulls were not given GnRH. In second phase comprising 4 weeks, the same bulls were given 2 ml GnRH at weekly intervals 12 hours prior to semen collection. Semen samples were collected at weekly intervals, and were evaluated for ejaculatory volume, sperm motility, sperm c...

M Sajjad, S. Ali

2007-01-01

336

Semen-conservation doctrine from ancient Ayurvedic to modern sexological theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ancient doctrine of semen conservation has a long philosophical history in Europe and Asia. In Sanskrit, semen is equated with sukra, the life force. As early as 600 B.C., the Caraka Samhita taught the importance of sukra, and gave prescriptions to augment it. In the 18th century, semen conservation theory reentered Western medicine through Tissot's Treatise on the Diseases Produced by Onanism. It became the basis of the degeneracy theory of all disease, and of the masturbation hysteria of the 19th and 20th centuries. PMID:2018201

Money, J; Prakasam, K S; Joshi, V N

1991-01-01

337

EFFECT OF LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS IN EXTENDER ON FREEZABILITY AND FERTILITY OF EGYPTIAN BUFFALO BULL SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

Semen from three Egyptian buffalo bulls was collected once weekly and ejaculates with more 75% progressive motility and more 85 % normal sperm morphology prior to cryopreservation were pooled in order to have sufficient semen for a replicate and to eliminate the bulls effect. Seven extenders were used: Tris 20 % egg yolk extender with 7 ml glycerol as a control (T1), and substitution of whole egg yolk with 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 % low density lipoprotein (LDL), T2 – T6, respectively. Semen ...

El-Seify; I. M.; Abd El-Razek; M.A.R.; Ibrahim; I. S.; El-Shamaa; M. E.; El-Sharawy; E.M.

2012-01-01

338

Fertility of fresh and frozen-thawed goat semen during the nonbreeding season.  

Science.gov (United States)

A total of 4109 does of a local Greek breed (Capra prisca) were synchronized with intravaginal MPA-sponges and PMSG, and 24 bucks of Alpine (n = 8), Saanen (n = 8) and Damascus (n = 8) breeds were used for studying the fertility of nonfrozen and frozen-thawed semen during the nonbreeding season (June to August). Artificial insemination (AI) was performed once (50 to 55 h after sponge withdrawal) or twice (36 and 60 h after sponge withdrawals with fresh semen (collected during the nonbreeding season, stored at 16 degrees C and inseminated within 6 h) or frozen semen (prepared from the same bucks during the preceding breeding season). The induction of estrus was successful, varying between 91.0 and 95.0%. The form of semen (fresh or frozen-thawed used for inseminating the synchronized does affected their fertility: the overall kidding rate with fresh semen (65.5%) was higher (P < 0.05) than that with frozen-thawed semen (53.4%). The fertility level was also affected by the number of inseminations performed: the overall kidding rate was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in the does inseminated twice with fresh or frozen-thawed semen (70.4 and 59. 1%, respectively) than in those inseminated only once (48.9 and 44.9%, respectively). Finally, the breed of the buck used for preparing the fresh or the frozen-thawed semen affected the fertility level of the does. The kidding rate was higher in does inseminated with fresh semen prepared from bucks of the Damascus breed than from bucks of Saanen or Alpine breed. However, when frozen-thawed semen was used the kidding rate was lower in does inseminated with semen prepared from bucks of the Damascus breed than from bucks of the Alpine or Saanen breed. It is concluded that the fresh semen of Alpine, Saanen and Damascus breed bucks, born and raised under the climate conditions prevailing in Greece (34 degrees to 41 degrees N), can be used successfully during the nonbreeding season (June to August) for inseminating does. PMID:16728194

Karatzas, G; Karagiannidis, A; Varsakeli, S; Brikas, P

1997-10-15

339

Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium infections and semen quality of infertile men  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Genital ureaplasmas (Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum and mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis are potentially pathogenic species playing an etiologic role in both genital infections and male infertility. Reports are, however, controversial regarding the effects of these microorganisms infections in the sperm seminological variables. This study aimed at determining the frequency of genital ureplasmas and mycoplasmas in semen specimens collected from infertile men, and at comparing the seminological variables of semen from infected and non-infected men with these microorganisms. Methods A total of 120 semen samples collected from infertile men were investigated. Semen specimens were examined by in-house PCR-microtiter plate hybridization assay for the presence of genital ureaplasmas and mycoplasmas DNA. Semen analysis was assessed according to the guidelines of the World Health Organization. Standard parametric techniques (t-tests and nonparametric techniques (Wilcoxon tests were used for statistical analysis. Results The frequency of genital ureaplasmas and mycoplasmas detected in semen samples of infertile men was respectively 19.2% (23/120 and 15.8% (19/120. The frequency of Ureaplasma urealyticum (15% was higher than that of Mycoplasma hominis (10.8%, Ureaplasma parvum (4.2% and Mycoplasma genitalium (5%. Mixed species of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas were detected in 6.7% of semen samples. Comparison of the parameters of the standard semen analysis between the male partners of the infertile couples with and without genital ureaplasmas and mycoplasmas infection showed that the presence of Mycoplasma hominis DNA in semen samples is associated with low sperm concentration (p = 0.007 and abnormal sperm morphology (p = 0.03 and a negative correlation between sperm concentration and the detection of Mycoplasma genitalium in semen samples of infertile men (p = 0.05. The mean values of seminal volume, pH, vitality, motility and leukocyte count were not significantly related either to the detection of genital mycoplasmas DNA or to the detection of ureaplasmas DNA in semen specimens. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that genital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas seem to be widespread among the male partners of infertile couples in Tunisia. Genital mycoplasmas infections of the male genital tract could negatively influence semen quality. Our results also indicate that PCR-microtiter plate hybridization assay method provides a rapid and effective technique to detect human genital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas which is useful for etiological and epidemiological studies of these pathogens.

Rebai Tarek

2007-11-01

340

Toxic metals signature in the human seminal plasma of Pakistani population and their potential role in male infertility.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aims of this study were to provide firsthand data on the incidence of trace metals in human seminal plasma and find possible correlations between levels of toxic metals and semen quality of Pakistani population. Human semen samples were collected from male partners of couples undergoing infertility assessment at the National Institute of Health Islamabad (Pakistan). We investigated seventy-five seminal plasma samples, which were further categorized into three groups (normozoospermia, oligozoospermia and azoospermia) according to WHO guidelines. The concentration of 17 different toxic metals in human seminal plasma was determined simultaneously by using Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Out of 17 trace metals, Cd and Ni showed significant difference (p < 0.05) among three monitored groups. Ni and Cd concentrations in the seminal plasma were negatively correlated with sperm concentration (r = -0.26, -0.29) and motility (r = -0.33, -0.37), respectively. This study suggested that exposure of Ni and Cd is mainly related with the consumption of contaminated dietary items, including ghee (cooking oil), flour and other agri-products. In some semen samples, the concentrations of Sn, V, Cu, Pb, Cr and Hg exhibited high levels suggesting a recent human exposure to surrounding sources. In Pakistani human semen samples, the levels of trace metals were lower and/or comparable to that found in populations of other countries. The results show the first evidence of the effect of toxic metals on semen quality and male infertility in Pakistan. PMID:25471479

Zafar, Ambreen; Eqani, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah; Bostan, Nazish; Cincinelli, Alessandra; Tahir, Faheem; Shah, Syed Tahir Abbas; Hussain, Alamdar; Alamdar, Ambreen; Huang, Qingyu; Peng, Siyuan; Shen, Heqing

2014-12-01

341

Evaluation of Physical Semen Characteristics of Male Rabbits Exposed to Different Climatic Conditions and Lighting Regimes Using Nuclear Techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The number of 20 mature males New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits, in the first production year was used in the present research. The study included two periods; each was of 2 months. The first period was under mild conditions (18.0 degree C) while the second one was during hot conditions (35.0 degree C). In each period, 10 males with the same age and average live body weight were used. Animals within each period were divided randomly into two equal groups, with nearly equal body weights. One of the two groups exposed to natural day light (NDL) which was 10:50 L: 13:10 D in winter and 13:40 L: 10:20 D in summer and was considered as photo period control and the other group was exposed to photo period treatment (Artificial photo period, AP). The treatment group was exposed to artificial long photo period (13:40 L: 10:20 D) during winter and artificial short photo period (10:50 L: 13:10 D) during hot conditions. In seminal plasma, T4, T3 and testosterone hormonal levels were significantly lower in heat stressed rabbits than those reared under mild conditions. In contrast, the hot condition was accompanied by significant increases in cortisol level. T3 and cortisol affected significantly while T4 and testosterone levels were not affected significantly due to change in period of lighting. Concerning physical semen characteristics i.e. ejaculate volume, sperm motility, sperm cell concentration, total sperm output and number of motile sperms per ejaculate were significantly lower under heat stress than under mild conditions. In contrast, hot conditions were accompanied by a significant increase in each of reaction time, dead sperm %, sperm abnormalities % and acrosomal abnormalities %. Exposure of male rabbits during winter to long lighting as compared to NDL caused significant increase in T3 (1.4 vs. 1.3 ng/ml), testosterone (3.2 vs. 2.8 ng/ml) and cortisol (1.8 vs. 1.5 ng/ml) levels as well as significant decline in semen quality, i.e., ejaculate volume (70 vs. 60 x 10-2 ml), sperm motility (76.8 vs. 70.8%), total number sperm-cell output per ejaculate (287.00 vs. 240.00 x106 ) and number of motility sperm output per ejaculate (220.42 vs. 169.92 x106 ). Exposure of male rabbits during summer to short lighting as compared to NDL caused significant increase in T3 (1.10 vs.0.90 ng/ml) and cortisol (2.8 vs. 2.3 ng/ml) in seminal plasma as well as significant decrease in sperm motility (64.8 vs. 60.8%) and significant increase in reaction time (11.6 vs. 12.8 seconds), ejaculate volume (50 vs. 58 x 10-2 ml) and total number sperm-cell output per ejaculate (190.00 vs. 208.80 x 106 ). Finally, correlations between physical semen characteristics and seminal plasma hormonal levels were carried out to evaluate the rabbit bucks semen using nuclear technique

342

Semen quality evaluation in a cohort of 28213 adult males from Sichuan area of south-west China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The trends in semen quality are conflicting. Although many previous surveys on semen quality indicated a decline, the trends in semen quality in Sichuan area of south-west China are not clear. We analysed the semen parameters in a cohort of 28,213 adult males close to general population in Sichuan between July 2007 and June 2012, and investigated the changes on semen quality. The semen parameters including pH, volume, concentration, motility, morphology were measured according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance was used to examine the statistical differences of semen quality between groups. We found that the medians (5th and 95th percentiles) were 2.4 ml (1.0-5.0) for semen volume, 62.0 × 10(6) ml(-1) (15.0-142.0) for semen concentration, 39% (18-60%) for sperm progressive motility and 10.5% (1.0-34.5%) for normal morphology. In these 5 years, sperm concentration and the percentage of sperm normal morphology were decreased from 66.0 × 10(6 ) ml(-1) to 49.0 × 10(6) ml(-1) and from 13.5% to 4.5%, respectively; among different reproductive history groups, sperm concentration and the percentage of sperm normal morphology were also decreased in these 5 years. And the incidence of azoospermia was increasing. These may imply that there is a decline in semen quality of adult males in Sichuan area. PMID:24079334

Jiang, M; Chen, X; Yue, H; Xu, W; Lin, L; Wu, Y; Liu, B

2014-10-01

343

Karakterisasi Ball Mill Import pada Industri Semen di Indonesia  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristics of import Ball Mill which is used at cement mills in Indonesia. There were two kind of import Ball Mill from PT. Semen Gresik, Tbk that used in this research which are A type (Ø 30 mm and B type (Ø 40 mm. Visual investigation, chemistry composition, distribution of hardness, and microstructure photograph was conducted characterize these ball mill. Visually, the import Ball Mill has rough surface, white coloring when cut off, and small cracks at all specimens. Type A ball mill contains of 2,934% C, 11,231% Cr, and 0,177% Mo, where type B Ball Mill contains of 2,693% C, 12,31% Cr, and 1,103% Mo. Both are martensitic white cast iron ASTM A532 Class II type A. The surface are harder then the its core. The highest hardness on the surface are 720,82 kg/mm2 (type A and 746,5 kg/mm2 (type B, where as lowest hardness on the core are 631,1 kg/mm2 (type A and 544,0 kg/mm2 (type B. Microstructure investigation shows Perlit, Cementit, and Martensit. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik Ball Mill import yang digunakan oleh pabrik semen di Indonesia. Bahan yang digunakan adalah ball mill import di PT. Semen Gresik, Tbk dari 2 merk berbeda, yaitu merk A (f 30 mm dan merk B (f 40 mm. Karakterisasi Ball Mill import dilakukan dengan pengamatan visual, uji komposisi kimia, uji distribusi kekerasan dan foto struktur mikro. Secara visual terlihat bahwa Ball Mill import memiliki permukaan kasar, hasil potongan berwarna keputihan dan terdapat retakan-retakan kecil pada semua specimen. Hasil uji komposisi kimia menunjukkan bahwa Ball Mill import f 30 mm mengandung 2,934% C, 11,231% Cr, dan 0,117% Mo sedangkan f 40 mm mengandung 2,693% C, 12,313% Cr dan 1,103 Mo, termasuk dalam kelompok Martensitic white cast iron ASTM A532 Class II Type A. Hasil uji distribusi kekerasan menunjukkan bagian permukaan lebih keras dibandingkan bagian pusat dengan nilai kekerasan tertinggi 720,82 kg/mm2 (f 30 mm dan 746,5 kg/mm2 (f 40 mm sedangkan nilai kekerasan terendah 631,1 kg/mm2 (f 30 mm dan 544,0 kg/mm2 (f 40 mm. Hasil pengamatan foto struktur mikro menunjukkan bahwa struktur terdiri dari Perlit, Cementit dan Martensit. Kata kunci: ASTM A532, bola penggiling, besi tuang putih martensitik.

Ratna Kartikasari

2007-01-01

344

Semen banking: consideration on viral contamination in the era of new emerging viral infection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To construct a semen bank, the collection of donated semen has to be done and an important concern is the safety of collected semen. The contamination is a big problem. Basically, the infectious pathogens can exist within donated semen, hence, a good donor screening is very important. Although viruses have an indirect role in sperm quality, but the evidence in banked semen is presently lack. This does not mean that there is no viral contamination but it might imply the inadequate concern on this issue. Contaminated semen usually means poor quality and hazardous to the recipient. The contamination of the virus in banked semen is a common problem in animal semen banking (1. The safety and transmission of each problematic virus is widely studied and well clarified in animal semen banking (2. However, this issue is not widely concerned in human semen banking. For sure, this case is an actual direct contamination and this cannot be detected if there is no specific screening in the banking process. The scenario of important new emerging viral infections will be specifically detailed in this report. West Nile virus is an emerging problematic viral infection that can cause a deadly clinical disorder. Basically, West Nile virus is classified as an arbovirus that is mainly transmitted by mosquito. However, the uncommon modes of transmissions such as transfusion related transmission are reported (3. The contamination of West Nile virus in semen is an important question in andrology. There is no evidence indicating for the presence of West Nile virus in the semen of the patients. However, American Society for Reproductive Medicine/Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology recommended that practitioners defer gamete donors who have confirmed or suspected West Nile virus infections (4. SARS is another deadly emerging viral infection. The new coronavirus infection is transmitted via respiratory route. The serious symptom due to this infection leads to death in almost all cases and brings a great concern to medical scientists around the world. The contamination of SARS in semen is an interesting topic. The possible transmission of SARS virus via germ line is an important question to be investigated in reproductive medicine (5. Luckily, till present, there is no evidence of SARS contamination in semen. Generally, influenza virus is a respiratory virus that causes respiratory tract infection. In the recent few years, an atypical influenza, avian flu, emerged. This infection brought a concern to the medical society. In early of this year, 2009, the newest emerging viral infection caused by a novel influenza virus, swine flu occurred and became pandemic. The topic on the new influenza virus becomes the present hot issue. Focusing on the contamination of classical influenza virus in semen, there are many evidences confirming the existence of virus in semen derived from the infected cases. It is also

Viroj Wiwanitkit

2011-01-01

345

9 CFR 98.35 - Declaration, health certificate, and other documents for animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...The certificate accompanying sheep or goat semen intended for importation...place; and (iii) Affected sheep and goats are slaughtered and completely...and (iv) The feeding of sheep and goats with meat-and-bone meal...

2010-01-01

346

The Effect of Shelter on Semen Quality of “Peranakan Ettawa” Goat  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The experiment was conducted to study the effect of shelter on semen quality of Peranakan Ettawa (PE Goats Eight PE goats were allocated into cross over design. Four PE goats were placed under no shelter (09.00-14.30 and another one was placed under shelter. The results of this research showed that semen volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, and live sperm percentage of PE goat under shelter were higher (P<0.01 than those of PE goat under no shelter. On the other hand, sperm abnormality of PE goat under shelter was lower (P<0.01 than that of PE goat under no shelter. It was concluded that the use of shelter could improve semen quality. (Animal Production 9(2: 73-78 (2007 Key Words : Shelter, semen, goat

A Qisthon

2007-05-01

347

Isolation of six isoflavones from Semen sojae praeparatum by preparative HPLC.  

Science.gov (United States)

A method for the isolation of six isoflavones (genistein, genistin, daidzein, daidzin, glycitein and glycitin) with high purity from Semen sojae praeparatum, a famous traditional Chinese medicine, by preparative HPLC is described. PMID:17343991

Qu, Li-ping; Fan, Guo-rong; Peng, Jin-yong; Mi, He-ming

2007-04-01

348

Exposure to perfluorinated compounds and human semen quality in Arctic and European populations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been suspected to adversely affect human reproductive health. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between PFC exposure and male semen quality.

Toft, G; Jönsson, B A G

2012-01-01

349

Exposure to perfluorinated compounds and human semen quality in arctic and European populations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been suspected to adversely affect human reproductive health. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between PFC exposure and male semen quality.

Toft, Gunnar; Jönsson, B A G

2012-01-01

350

A new individualization marker of semen: deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) polymorphism.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a method for obtaining specific and reproducible deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) typing from liquid semen. Isoelectric focusing of the enzymes on polyacrylamide gel (IEF-PAGE, pH 3.5-5) was accomplished using a 0.5-mm thick gel. The separated isozymes were visualized by a new activity staining method, dried agarose film-overlay (DAFO). Pretreatment of semen samples with neuraminidase markedly enhanced the isozyme-band resolution and sensitivity. The method was simple and reliable, with high resolution and sensitivity. The DNase I types in semen samples were correlated with the types found in corresponding blood and urine samples. DNase I typing could therefore provide an additional discriminant characteristic in the forensic examination of semen. PMID:1468730

Sawazaki, K; Yasuda, T; Nadano, D; Tenjo, E; Iida, R; Takeshita, H; Kishi, K

1992-11-01

351

Limitations of semen analysis as a test of male fertility and anticipated needs from newer tests.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen analysis is the first step to identify male factor infertility. Standardized methods of semen analysis are available allowing accurate assessment of sperm quality and comparison among laboratories. Population-based reference ranges are available for standard semen and sperm parameters. Sperm numbers and morphology are associated with time to natural pregnancy, whereas sperm motility may be less predictive. Routine semen analysis does not measure the fertilizing potential of spermatozoa and the complex changes that occur in the female reproductive tract before fertilization. Whether assisted reproduction technology (ART) is required depends not only on male factors but female fecundity. Newer tests should predict the success of fertilization in vitro and the outcome of the progeny. PMID:25458617

Wang, Christina; Swerdloff, Ronald S

2014-12-01

352

Criopreservação do sêmen ovino em meio diluente à base de água de coco em pó (ACP-102c) / Cryopreservation of ram semen in powdered coconut water (ACP-102c) based extender  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o diluente ACP-102c na criopreservação do sêmen ovino em comparação com o diluidor tris-glicose-gema (TRIS) e o sêmen fresco. Foram coletados 48 ejaculados de quatro ovinos, sendo tomadas duas alíquotas por ejaculado para diluição e criopreservação em ACP-102c o [...] u TRIS e uma terceira alíquota utilizada para análise do sêmen fresco. O sêmen fresco e o criopreservado em ambos os diluidores foram avaliados para viabilidade, integridade de membrana plasmática e acrossomal, teste hiposmótico, fragmentação do DNA e de motilidade espermática. Após descongelamento, ambos os diluidores não diferiram para viabilidade espermática, integridade de membrana plasmática e acrossomal, fragmentação de DNA e nas variáveis quantitativas e qualitativas de velocidade espermática, mas diferiram no teste hiposmótico, motilidade total e progressiva e amplitude lateral da cabeça, bem como em todas as variáveis de motilidade avaliadas, exceto linearidade e progressividade, após duas horas de incubação à 37 ºC. Houve variabilidade entre reprodutores na motilidade total e progressiva do sêmen criopreservado em ACP-102c após descongelamento. O diluidor ACP-102c conferiu menor proteção aos espermatozoides ovinos contra danos do congelamento quando comparado ao TRIS, mas o aprimoramento de sua formulação e protocolos mais adequados de congelação poderão torná-lo uma alternativa na congelação do sêmen ovino. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the ACP-102c extender in the cryopreservation of ram semen compared to tris-glucose-egg yolk (TRIS) extender and fresh semen. Forty-eight ejaculates were collected from four rams and two aliquots per ejaculate were taken for dilution and cryopreservation in ACP- [...] 102c or TRIS and a third aliquot used for the fresh semen analysis. Either the fresh semen and cryopreserved in both extenders were evaluated for viability, integrity of plasma and acrosomal membrane, hypoosmotic swelling test, DNA fragmentation and sperm motility. The extenders did not differ for sperm viability, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity, DNA fragmentation and quantitative and qualitative parameters of sperm velocity after thawing, but differed in hypoosmotic swelling test, total and progressive motility and lateral extent of the head as well as in all motility parameters evaluated (except linearity and straightness) after two hours of incubation at 37 ºC. There was variability among rams in total and progressive motility of semen cryopreserved in ACP-102c after thawing. The ACP-102c extender showed less protection in the cryopreservation of ram sperm when compared to TRIS, but the improvement in its formulation and freezing protocols may make it an alternative to freezing ram semen.

José Maurício Maciel, Cavalcante; Oscar Oliveira, Brasil; Cristiane Clemente de Mello, Salgueiro; Carminda Sandra Brito, Salmito-Vanderley; José Ferreira, Nunes.

2014-09-01

353

The importance of semen analysis in the context of azoospermia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Azoospermia is a descriptive term referring to ejaculates that lack spermatozoa without implying a specific underlying cause. The traditional definition of azoospermia is ambiguous, which has ramifications on the diagnostic criteria. This issue is further compounded by the apparent overlap between t [...] he definitions of oligospermia and azoospermia. The reliable diagnosis of the absence of spermatozoa in a semen sample is an important criterion not only for diagnosing male infertility but also for ascertaining the success of a vasectomy and for determining the efficacy of hormonal contraception. There appears to be different levels of rigor in diagnosing azoospermia in different clinical situations, which highlights the conflict between scientific research and clinical practice in defining azoospermia.

Nabil, Aziz.

354

Effects of Stripping Frequency on Semen Quality of Endangered Caspian Brown Trout, Salmo trutta caspius  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Because of dramatic declines in stocks of endangered Caspian brown trout males, Salmo trutta caspius in Caspian Sea, each male brooder is stripped indispensably more than once during the spawning season in other to artificial insemination in hatchery. The aim of the present study was to assay the changes of indicators of semen quality (sperm motility, sperm production, semen volume and chemical composition of seminal fluid during these sequential strippings. Approach: The 11 tagged males were stripped four times every 12-14 days with beginning of spermiation period (2 December 2008 towards its end (10 January 2008. One-way Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA was employed to analyze differences between means of semen parameters. Also, the relationships between semen parameters were tested using the bivariate correlation coefficients of Pearson. Results: The semen volume, sperm density, osmolality and the concentrations of Na+, Cl-, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and total protein gradually decreased whereas the values of glucose and triglyceride had no significant changes during sequential strippings. Also, the values of semen pH, the percentage (5s post-activation and duration of motility were statistically stable until third stripping but a decrease was recorded for these parameters in the fourth stripping. As well as, significant positive correlations were found for sperm density vs. K+, Cl-, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, total protein, spermatocrit; the percentage of motile spermatozoa Vs Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Cl-, Na+, total protein and also the duration of motility Vs K+, Cl-, total protein and pH. Conclusion: The semen quality of Caspian brown trout males decrease in successive strippings during spawning season. Also, the knowledge on values and correlations between the sperm motility characteristics and the composition of seminal fluid could be useful to formulation of a species-specific extender solution for cryopreservation of semen of Caspian brown trout.

Saeed Hajirezaee

2009-01-01

355

Semen quality in papaya workers with long term exposure to ethylene dibromide.  

OpenAIRE

To examine whether long term occupational exposure to ethylene dibromide (EDB) affects semen quality a cross sectional study of semen quality was conducted among 46 men employed in the papaya fumigation industry in Hawaii, with an average duration of exposure of five years and a geometric mean breathing zone exposure to airborne EDB of 88 ppb (eight hour time weighted average) and peak exposures of up to 262 ppb. The comparison group consisted of 43 unexposed men from a nearby sugar refinery....

Ratcliffe, J. M.; Schrader, S. M.; Steenland, K.; Clapp, D. E.; Turner, T.; Hornung, R. W.

1987-01-01

356

Efecto del estrés oxidativo sobre la calidad del semen de pacientes infértiles con leucocitospermia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La leucocitospermia se ha asociado con alteraciones de la calidad del semen. No obstante no se han precisado con exactitud los mecanismos implicados en este daño. El propósito de este trabajo fue conocer si la leucocitospermia así como su contribución al estrés oxidativo generado en el aparato reproductor pueden afectar la calidad del semen. Para esto se estudió una muestra de 52 pacientes, hombres miembros de parejas infértiles que acudieron a la consulta de infertilidad del Instituto Nacional de Endocrinología, en los años 1998 y 1999. Se les realizó el análisis seminal según los procedimientos habituales y además la determinación de malonildialdehído, catalasa y superóxido dismutasa. La actividad superóxido dismutasa se correlacionó negativamente con el número de leucocitos, y positivamente con la movilidad b y la movilidad a + b. El trabajo realizado permitió concluir que los leucocitos en semen pueden afectar el balance entre los factores que favorecen y los que previenen el estrés oxidativo. La protección contra el estrés oxidativo es beneficiosa para la calidad del semenLeucocytospermia has been associated with alterations of the quality of semen. However, the mechanisms involved in this damage have not been exactly determined yet. This paper was aimed at knowing whether leucocytospermia and its contribution to the oxidative stress generated in the reproductive system may affect the quality of semen. To this end, a sample of 52 male patients members of infertile couples that were attended in the department of infertility of the National Institute of Endocrinology, in 1998 and 1999, was studied. The semen was analyzed according to the habitual procedures. Malondialdehyde, catalase and superoxide dismutase were also determined. The superoxide dismutase activity was negatively correlated to the number of leucocytes and positively to the mobility b and the mobility a+ b. It was concluded that leucocytes may affect the balance between the factors that favor and prevent the oxidative stress. The protection against the oxidative stress is beneficial for the quality of semen

William Quintero Pérez

2000-12-01

357

THE RESULTS OF BITCH ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION AFTER THE USE OF TESTED FROZEN SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

Many problems in dog reproduction concern both dog male, its behaviour andsemen quality as well as the bitch which are connected with physiological factors asa time oestrus cycle, anatomical structure of reproductive organs, sexual behaviourand ovulation moment. The results of bitches’ artificial insemination (AI) with theuse of frozen semen are lower in comparison to raw semen. In connection with thisthe research work was performed with an idea of explanation of the problemconnected to low...

Kosiniak-kamysz, K.; Podstawski, Z.; Bittmar, A.

2007-01-01

358

Scrotal Circumference Variation on Semen Characteristics of Artificial Insemination (AI) Bulls  

OpenAIRE

The main objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the importance of scrotal circumference variation on semen characteristics of bulls used for Artificial Insemination (AI) programme, in Bangladesh. For this purpose, a total of 3720 semen samples were collected from 71 bulls at three AI centres/stations (CCBSDF, Savar, Dhaka, RDCIF, Rajabarihat, Rajshahi and DAIC, Rajshahi) from 1995 to 2002; inclusive. These bulls were classified into 4 groups according to their scrotal circumfe...

Sarder, M. J. U.

2005-01-01

359

Inter relationship between some routine semen evaluation parameters in Jersey X local hill cattle crossbred bulls  

OpenAIRE

The present study was conducted with an objective of establishing a relationship between various routine semen evaluation parameters. Work was conducted at Sperm Station Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, on the semen from five Jersey X local hill cattle crossbred breeding bulls. A total of 40 ejaculates (8 from each bull), were analysed at five different stages of processing namely post dilution, post equilibration, post thaw and after 1 and 2 hours incubation post thaw at 37°C for progressive mot...

Kapoor, S.; Singh, M.; Sharma, M.; Jasial, S.

2012-01-01

360

Evaluation of semen quality in 1808 university students, from Wuhan, Central China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the semen quality of university students in Wuhan, the largest city in the world in terms of the number of university students. All student sperm donors recorded in the Hubei Province Human Sperm Bank from 1 March 2010 to 31 December 2013 were screened. At last, a total of 3616 semen samples from 1808 university student sperm donors were eligible and retrospectively analyzed. Each donor's semen parameters were averaged over two samples and compared with the World Health Organization criteria, and a generalized linear regression model was used to examine several determinants of semen quality. We found that the mean and median values were 3.0 ml and 2.8 ml for semen volume, 50.2 × 10 6 ml-1 and 50.0 × 10 6 ml-1 for sperm concentration, 148.1 × 10 6 and 142.1 × 10 6 for total sperm count, and 58.6% and 60.0% for total sperm motility. About 85.0% of donors had parameters that were all normal. Season and duration of abstinence were critical factors affecting semen quality. We also found a decrease in sperm concentration during the 4 years observation; however, this may not be a strong evidence to confirm the declining trend of semen quality. In conclusion, semen quality of university students in Wuhan was not optimal and should be paid high attention, long-term observation and further study should be carried out to confirm the present situation. PMID:25337834

Rao, Meng; Meng, Tian-Qing; Hu, Si-Heng; Guan, Huang-Tao; Wei, Qin-Yu; Xia, Wei; Zhu, Chang-Hong; Xiong, Cheng-Liang

2015-01-01

361

Effects of Aerobic and Anaerobic Incubation On the Quality of Ram Semen  

OpenAIRE

Effects of aerobic and anaerobic incubation on the quality of ram semen were investigated. The semen was assessed applying Activity index, Motility % (PLM), Swim-up test, Osmotic Resistance Test (ORT) and Oxygen utilization of the cells. Methylene blue crystals were used as an indicator for oxygen utilization of the cells. Usage of Methylene blue crystals was found useful as an indicator for oxygen utilization. It was observed that the incubation conditions had a significant (p = 0.05) effect...

Samo, M. U.; Axford, R. F. E.; Qureshi, T. A.; Memon, A. A.; Memon, M. M.

2006-01-01

362

Optimalization of Equilibration and Thawing Methode on Freezing Process of Garut Ram Semen (Ovis aries)  

OpenAIRE

Generally, the problem of semen freezing process is cold shock effect and intracelullar change due to water release which is related to ice crystal formation. One factor to solve the problem is finding out optimal equilibration time and thawing method so there is only a little damage spermatozoa during freezing process. The research has been done to explore the influence of equilibration time and thawing methode on frozen semen quality of garut rams. The results shown that the mea...

Herdis; MR Toelihere; Supriatna, I.; Purwantara, B.; Rts, Adikara

2005-01-01

363

Genetic analysis and models for semen production and artificial insemination result in sheep  

OpenAIRE

In sheep, more than 800,000 articial inseminations (AI) are performed each year in France. In order to improve their eciency, French AI centres would like to increase the number of doses produced per ram and the probability of AI success. We analyzed semen production and AI results from six AI centre members of the ANIO (association nationale des centres d'insemination ovine). Our objectives were (1) the identication of the main environmental eects aecting semen production (volume, concentrat...

David, Ingrid

2008-01-01

364

Criopreservación de semen canino por congelación rápida con glicerol y Dimetilformamida  

OpenAIRE

Introducción. Diversos factores influyen sobre la capacidad fertilizante del semen canino criopreservado. Las alteraciones estructurales, y los efectos osmóticos y tóxicos sobre los espermatozoides, han centrado el interés en desarrollar nuevas técnicas de criopreservación y crioprotectores con mayor potencial para la conservación de la capacidad fertilizante del semen. Objetivo. Comparar el efecto de la congelación rápida con glicerol y dimetilformamida sobre la calidad post-descong...

Giovanni Restrepo Betancur; Mez Oquendo, Jorge G. U. F.; Squez Araque, Neil V. U. E.

2011-01-01

365

CONTRIBUTIONS ON THE ATTENUATE OF THE CRYOGENICS RESPONSE OF CONSTITUENTS PROTEINS HOMEOSTASIS OF THE SEMEN MATERIAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evidence of cryogenics response of the semen proteins, the influence of BioR administration on homeostasis of constituent gametes proteomics and on the cryobiological indexes of bull semen material was studded. The investigation has been performed on bulls from the Black Spotted breed of Moldavian type, maintained during the investigation in adequate conditions from the point of view of microclimate and fodder. The biopreparation administration have been done daily during 10 days in volume of 0,2 ml/100 kg living mass/day. Structural proteins of gametes posed the resistance given the influence of ultra low temperature (-196°C, content of totals proteins in the bull semen material denote no difference between the value of this parameter in the raw and cry preserved-thawed bull gametes. Both, in the raw and thawed semen cells the most rate occupy the hydrophilic proteins, After semen conservation-thawing process, it was observed a tendency of the diminution of hydrophilic proteins (- 3,35% and an increase of the basophilic proteins (+ 2,78 %. In the raw gametes prevail ?-globulins rate; conservation and thawing process of the semen material was associated by an increase of the albumins rate (+ 34,63% in semen cells; the rate of other three proteomic fractions: ?-, ? - and ?-globulins was decreased given theirs value registered in raw gametes. After the intramuscular administration of BioR preparation during 10 days on the sire bulls have been certified any modification of the studded proteomic fractions rate in thawed bull semen cells; albumins rate was decreased with 30,14%, the ?- globulins rate was increased with 19,28% in the experimental group; the ?- and ?- globulins with 8,5% and 2,36%, respectively, given control group. The BioR has an evident influence on the cryobiological specifics features of spermatozoids, such as the seminal cells mobility, the longevity and the survival absolutly index what are intensely influenced.

VERA GRANACI

2013-12-01

366

The main green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate counteracts semen-mediated enhancement of HIV infection  

OpenAIRE

Peptide fragments, derived from prostatic acidic phosphatase, are secreted in large amounts into human semen and form amyloid fibrils. These fibrillar structures, termed semen-derived enhancer of virus infection (SEVI), capture HIV virions and direct them to target cells. Thus, SEVI appears to be an important infectivity factor of HIV during sexual transmission. Here, we are able to demonstrate that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major active constituent of geen tea, targets SEVI for ...

Hauber, Ilona; Hohenberg, Heinrich; Holstermann, Barbara; Hunstein, Werner; Hauber, Joachim

2009-01-01

367

Relationship between motility and spermatic speed over fertility of frozen semen from Murrah buffalo bulls.  

OpenAIRE

In the present study samples of Murrah bull’s frozen semen, distributed in collaborate herd, were evaluated in order to evaluate the correlation between the fertility /motility and fertility/spermatic speed. Motility was evaluated subjectively and expressed in percentage and the spermatic speed was calculated taking into account a distance of 200? and the time in seconds taking to cross this distance. Semen fertility was evaluated by the conception rate obtained at first service. Fer...

Ferraz, P. C.; A?lvares, C. T. G.; Bartolomeu, C. C.; Del Rei, A. J.

2010-01-01

368

EFFECT OF TWO DIFFERENT ANTIBIOTIC COMBINATIONS ON FERTILITY OF FROZEN BUFFALO AND SAHIW AL BULL SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

This study was carried out to identify the suitable antibiotic combinations in semen extender for improvement in fertility of frozen semen of buffalo and cow (Sahiwal) bulls to obtain better pregnancy rate through artificial insemination (AI). For this study eight first ejaculates, four each from a buffalo and a cow (Sahiwal) bull were used. The ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted with Tris-citric acid extender (at 37°C; 50x 106 spermatozoa/mI), containing either SP (streptomycin 1000 ...

S M H Andrabi, N. Ahmad

2001-01-01

369

Fertility of frozen-thawed stallion semen cannot be predicted by the currently used laboratory methods  

OpenAIRE

Abstract The aim of the project was to use current simple and practical laboratory tests and compare results with the foaling rates of mares inseminated with commercially produced frozen semen. In Exp. 1, semen was tested from 27 and in Exp. 2 from 23 stallions; 19 stallions participated in both experiments. The mean number of mares per stallion in both experiments was 37 (min. 7, max. 121). Sperm morphology was assessed and bacterial culture performed once per stallion. In Exp. 1, ...

Koskinen E; Andersson M; Kuisma P; Katila T

2006-01-01

370

Changes in cardiac troponin I concentration and echocardiographic parameters after semen collection in stallions  

OpenAIRE

This dissertation focuses on the effect of breeding on the myocardium of stallions using cardiac troponin I (cTnI) as the preferred blood biomarker for detection of myocardial cell injury. Haematological, echocardiographic and heart rate (HR) parameters are also reported. Fourteen clinically healthy phantom-trained stallions were assessed. Cardiac troponin I concentration was determined pre-semen collection and at 4, 6, 12 and 24 hours following semen collection. Predictors...

Viljoen, Adrienne

2010-01-01