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Advances in cooled semen technologies: seminal plasma and semen extender.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study evaluated motility and fertility of uncentrifuged and centrifuged equine semen following dilution in a skim milk-glucose extender with or without supplemental Tyrode's medium. In addition, the effect of seminal plasma addition to each extender was evaluated. For Experiment 1, motility of 48h cooled, stored spermatozoa was evaluated following eight dilution treatments: uncentrifuged and diluted 1:4 (v/v) in skim milk-glucose extender (EZ Mixin CSTJ; CST-1:4) or in CST supplemented 65:35 (v/v) with modified Tyrode's medium (KMT-1:4); uncentrifuged and diluted to 25x10(6) spermatozoa/ml in CST (CST-1:9) or in KMT (KMT-1:9); centrifuged and diluted in CST with 0% seminal plasma (CST-0) or 20% seminal plasma (CST-20) or centrifuged and diluted in KMT containing 0% seminal plasma (KMT-0) or in KMT containing 20% seminal plasma (KMT-20). Sperm motility parameters evaluated included percentage of total motile sperm (% TMOT), percentage of progressively motile sperm (% PMOT), curvilinear velocity (VCL) and straight-line velocity (VSL). Mean % PMOT was lower (P<0.05) for spermatozoa extended in CST-1:4 compared to CST-1:9, whereas, all motility parameters were reduced (P<0.05) in KMT-1:4 compared to KMT-1:9. Spermatozoa extended in CST-1:4 had greater % TMOT, % PMOT and VSL (P<0.05) than in KMT-1:4. Spermatozoa extended in CST-1:9 had greater (P<0.05) % PMOT than in KMT-1:9, however, VCL was greater (P<0.05) in KMT-1:9. Mean VCL and VSL were lower (P<0.05) for spermatozoa extended in CST-0 compared with CST-20, whereas, spermatozoa extended in KMT-0 had greater (P<0.05) % TMOT, % PMOT and VSL compared to spermatozoa extended in KMT-20. Mean % TMOT and % PMOT were greater (P<0.05) in CST-20 compared to KMT-20, however, KMT-0 increased (P<0.05) velocity measures (VCL and VSL) compared to CST-0. In Experiment 2, fertility of centrifuged spermatozoa diluted in either CST-20 or KMT-0 was similar (P>0.05). We conclude that modified Tyrode's medium was not detrimental to establishment of pregnancy. Use of modified Tyrode's medium may improve spermatozoal motility and pregnancy rates for cooled transport of semen from stallions in which all seminal plasma must be removed because of suspected toxic effects of seminal plasma on spermatozoal viability, however, Tyrode's medium may be detrimental to sperm motility when seminal plasma is present.

Rigby SL; Brinsko SP; Cochran M; Blanchard TL; Love CC; Varner DD

2001-12-01

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Advances in cooled semen technologies: seminal plasma and semen extender.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated motility and fertility of uncentrifuged and centrifuged equine semen following dilution in a skim milk-glucose extender with or without supplemental Tyrode's medium. In addition, the effect of seminal plasma addition to each extender was evaluated. For Experiment 1, motility of 48h cooled, stored spermatozoa was evaluated following eight dilution treatments: uncentrifuged and diluted 1:4 (v/v) in skim milk-glucose extender (EZ Mixin CSTJ; CST-1:4) or in CST supplemented 65:35 (v/v) with modified Tyrode's medium (KMT-1:4); uncentrifuged and diluted to 25x10(6) spermatozoa/ml in CST (CST-1:9) or in KMT (KMT-1:9); centrifuged and diluted in CST with 0% seminal plasma (CST-0) or 20% seminal plasma (CST-20) or centrifuged and diluted in KMT containing 0% seminal plasma (KMT-0) or in KMT containing 20% seminal plasma (KMT-20). Sperm motility parameters evaluated included percentage of total motile sperm (% TMOT), percentage of progressively motile sperm (% PMOT), curvilinear velocity (VCL) and straight-line velocity (VSL). Mean % PMOT was lower (PKMT-1:4 compared to KMT-1:9. Spermatozoa extended in CST-1:4 had greater % TMOT, % PMOT and VSL (PKMT-1:4. Spermatozoa extended in CST-1:9 had greater (PKMT-1:9, however, VCL was greater (PKMT-1:9. Mean VCL and VSL were lower (PKMT-0 had greater (PKMT-20. Mean % TMOT and % PMOT were greater (PKMT-20, however, KMT-0 increased (PKMT-0 was similar (P>0.05). We conclude that modified Tyrode's medium was not detrimental to establishment of pregnancy. Use of modified Tyrode's medium may improve spermatozoal motility and pregnancy rates for cooled transport of semen from stallions in which all seminal plasma must be removed because of suspected toxic effects of seminal plasma on spermatozoal viability, however, Tyrode's medium may be detrimental to sperm motility when seminal plasma is present. PMID:11744262

Rigby, S L; Brinsko, S P; Cochran, M; Blanchard, T L; Love, C C; Varner, D D

2001-12-01

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[Abnormal semen liquefaction and seminal plasma lipoprotein (a)].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of seminal plasma lipoprotein (a) in abnormal semen liquefaction and its clinical significance. METHODS: According to The WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen, we conducted semen routine analyses of 101 patients with abnormal semen liquefaction and 26 normal healthy controls. We added chymotrypsin to the semen for 30 minutes of incubation at 37 degrees C. When there were filaments, we centrifuged the semen and obtained the upper seminal plasma to determine the level of lipoprotein (a). RESULTS: The level of lipoprotein (a) was significantly higher in the 101 patients ([526.2 +/- 243.5] mg/L) than in the 26 normal controls ([296.9 +/- 105.2] mg/L) (P < 0.01) . CONCLUSION: Lipoprotein (a) can inhibit fibrin dissolution, and delayed fibrin dissolution in semen liquefaction may be related to the increased level of seminal plasma lipoprotein (a). The seminal plasma lipoprotein (a) level should be taken into account in the clinical diagnosis of male infertility caused by abnormal semen liquefaction.

Liu FX; Su DL; Zhu GY

2013-03-01

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Uranium quantification in semen by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this study we report uranium analysis for human semen samples. Uranium quantification was performed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. No additives, such as chymotrypsin or bovine serum albumin, were used for semen liquefaction, as they showed significant uranium content. For method validation we spiked 2g aliquots of pooled control semen at three different levels of uranium: low at 5 pg/g, medium at 50 pg/g, and high at 1000 pg/g. The detection limit was determined to be 0.8 pg/g uranium in human semen. The data reproduced within 1.4-7% RSD and spike recoveries were 97-100%. The uranium level of the unspiked, pooled control semen was 2.9 pg/g of semen (n=10). In addition six semen samples from a cohort of Veterans exposed to depleted uranium (DU) in the 1991 Gulf War were analyzed with no knowledge of their exposure history. Uranium levels in the Veterans' semen samples ranged from undetectable (<0.8 pg/g) to 3350 pg/g. This wide concentration range for uranium in semen is consistent with known differences in current DU body burdens in these individuals, some of whom have retained embedded DU fragments.

Todorov TI; Ejnik JW; Guandalini G; Xu H; Hoover D; Anderson L; Squibb K; McDiarmid MA; Centeno JA

2013-01-01

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New seminal plasma removal method for freezing stallion semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Seminal plasma removal, an indispensable step in equine semen cryopreservation, is usually done by centrifugation, but this might cause mechanical damage to sperm. A new method for seminal plasma removal from stallion semen, namely a filter composed of a synthetic hydrophilic membrane (Sperm Filter, BotuPharma, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil), was recently proposed. The objective of this study was to test the use of the Sperm Filter in the removal of seminal plasma before freezing stallion semen. Ejaculates from 31 stallions were divided into two groups and cryopreserved. In group 1 (G1), seminal plasma was removed with the Sperm Filter, and in group 2 (G2), seminal plasma was removed by centrifugation (600×g for 10 minutes). There were no differences (P < 0.05) between G1 and G2 in sperm kinetic parameters or plasma membrane integrity before or after cryopreservation. However, sperm recovery rate was higher (P < 0.05) for G1 versus G2 (mean ± SD, 89.4 ± 7.4% vs. 80.9 ± 5.5%). Therefore, the Sperm Filter was as efficient as centrifugation in removing seminal plasma from the stallion ejaculate. However, filtering was more practical and had significantly fewer sperm lost than the centrifugation technique.

Ramires Neto C; Monteiro GA; Soares RF; Pedrazzi C; Dell'aqua JA Jr; Papa FO; Castro-Chaves MM; Alvarenga MA

2013-04-01

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Purification of L-alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine by column chromatography.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Colorless L-alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (L-?-GPC) was obtained at 99.8% purity, 69.8% recovery, and with a specific rotation of -2.5° via a five-step procedure. L-?-GPC was first produced by phospholipase A(1) hydrolysis of soy lecithin powder. Ca(2+) and Cl(-) were then effectively removed using two successive 001×7 cation and D311 anion exchange resin column chromatography procedures. Silica gel column chromatography and decoloration with active carbon were then applied to remove remaining impurities and colorant. Characterization of the L-?-GPC product was well in agreement with the standard. The resin and silica gel showed remarkable ability for L-?-GPC isolation after 10 uses. Thus, this study presents a simple and cost-effective method for preparing L-?-GPC with high yield and purity, low cost, and environmental friendliness, and encourages future investigation into its adaptation for industrial applications.

Zhang K; Wang X; Huang J; Liu Y

2012-01-01

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Purification of L-alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine by column chromatography.  

Science.gov (United States)

Colorless L-alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (L-?-GPC) was obtained at 99.8% purity, 69.8% recovery, and with a specific rotation of -2.5° via a five-step procedure. L-?-GPC was first produced by phospholipase A(1) hydrolysis of soy lecithin powder. Ca(2+) and Cl(-) were then effectively removed using two successive 001×7 cation and D311 anion exchange resin column chromatography procedures. Silica gel column chromatography and decoloration with active carbon were then applied to remove remaining impurities and colorant. Characterization of the L-?-GPC product was well in agreement with the standard. The resin and silica gel showed remarkable ability for L-?-GPC isolation after 10 uses. Thus, this study presents a simple and cost-effective method for preparing L-?-GPC with high yield and purity, low cost, and environmental friendliness, and encourages future investigation into its adaptation for industrial applications. PMID:22197252

Zhang, Kangyi; Wang, Xingguo; Huang, Jianhua; Liu, Yuanfa

2011-12-11

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Lead level in seminal plasma may affect semen quality for men without occupational exposure to lead.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Infertility affects approximately 10-15% of reproductive-age couples. Poor semen quality contributes to about 25% of infertile cases. Resulting from the direct effect on testicular function or hormonal alterations, heavy metals exposure has been related to impaired semen quality. The objective of this study was to assess the level of lead in the seminal plasma in men without occupational exposure to lead, and to determine the relationship between semen quality and lead concentration in the semen. METHODS: This is a prospective and nonrandomized clinical study conducted in University infertility clinic and academic research laboratory. Three hundred and forty-one male partners of infertile couples undergoing infertility evaluation and management were recruited to the study. Semen samples collected for the analyses of semen quality were also used for the measurement of lead concentrations. Semen samples were evaluated according to the WHO standards. RESULTS: All subjects were married and from infertile couples without occupational exposure to lead. There is a significant inverse correlation between the lead concentration in seminal plasma and sperm count. A higher semen lead concentration was correlated with lower sperm count, but not with semen volume, sperm motility or sperm morphology as assessed by simple linear regression. CONCLUSIONS: We found that semen lead concentration was significantly higher among the patients with lower sperm count. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that a high level of lead accumulation in semen may reduce the sperm count contributing to infertility of men without occupational exposure to lead.

Wu HM; Lin-Tan DT; Wang ML; Huang HY; Lee CL; Wang HS; Soong YK; Lin JL

2012-01-01

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Boar seminal plasma components and their relation with semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Select boar seminal plasma (SP) components and their relation to semen quality were investigated. Thirty nine boars from three artificial insemination (AI) centers were divided into group A (GA:?>?80% normal sperm and >70% motility) and group B (GB:?semen volume, concentration, sperm motility (computer aided semen analysis; CASA), morphology, and vitality (both eosin nigrosin staining) were investigated. The SP was separated and analyzed for aspartate-amino-transferase (AST), ?-glutamyl-transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and the concentrations of sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), calcium (Ca), phosphate (PO(4)(3-)), magnesium (Mg), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) were assessed. Repeated measures (2 months interval) were conducted in eight boars of GA from one AI center. The activity of GGT (r?=?-0.482) and ALP (r?=?-0.459) was moderately associated (p?semen quality. The analysis of biochemical parameters could provide extra information about reproductive health of AI boars. PMID:23083319

López Rodríguez, Alfonso; Rijsselaere, Tom; Beek, Josine; Vyt, Philip; Van Soom, Ann; Maes, Dominiek

2012-10-22

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Boar seminal plasma components and their relation with semen quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Select boar seminal plasma (SP) components and their relation to semen quality were investigated. Thirty nine boars from three artificial insemination (AI) centers were divided into group A (GA:?>?80% normal sperm and >70% motility) and group B (GB:?semen volume, concentration, sperm motility (computer aided semen analysis; CASA), morphology, and vitality (both eosin nigrosin staining) were investigated. The SP was separated and analyzed for aspartate-amino-transferase (AST), ?-glutamyl-transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and the concentrations of sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), calcium (Ca), phosphate (PO(4)(3-)), magnesium (Mg), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) were assessed. Repeated measures (2 months interval) were conducted in eight boars of GA from one AI center. The activity of GGT (r?=?-0.482) and ALP (r?=?-0.459) was moderately associated (p?semen quality. The analysis of biochemical parameters could provide extra information about reproductive health of AI boars.

López Rodríguez A; Rijsselaere T; Beek J; Vyt P; Van Soom A; Maes D

2013-02-01

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Relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality in a subfertile population  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Rationale : Current knowledge on the relationship between seminal zinc levels and different parameters of human semen is inconsistent. Objectives : To assess the relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality using two markers; zinc concentration (Zn-C) and total zinc per e...

Dissanayake DMAB; Wijesinghe P; Ratnasooriya W; Wimalasena S

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Effect of Different Extenders and Washing of Seminal Plasma on Buck Semen Storage at 5 C  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research, we compared the effect of three extenders for buck semen conservation; skimmed Milk (M), sodium Citrate (C) and a Tris-based diluent (T) and the washing of semen (removal of seminal plasma) on the in vitro viability of Murciano-Granadina goat spermatozoa stored at 5 C for 72 h. Motility, acrosome integrity and HOS test were evaluated to assess in vitro sperm viability. Milk diluent provided higher in vitro viability of spermatozoa than semen diluted in T during storage at 5 C. Motility in semen diluted in citrate and milk extenders was improved when semen was washed previously. In milk extender, membrane integrity (HOST) was also improved with the washing of semen. In conclusion, removal of seminal plasma could be necessary for successful chilled conservation of buck semen at 5 C when M or C based diluents is used. Milk media and washing of seminal plasma appears to be a successful method to prolong the viability of Murciano-Granadina goat semen stored at 5 C. The latest results must be confirmed in field assays.

I. Salvador; M.P. Viudes-de-Castro; J. Yaniz; E.A. Gomez; M.A. Silvestre

2007-01-01

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Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal en el semen equino descongelado/ Effect of seminal plasma addition on frozen-thawed equine semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Antecedentes y objetivos: El semen criopreservado ofrece beneficios adicionales no presentes en el semen refrigerado. Sin embargo, varios factores afectan al éxito en la inseminación artificial con semen congelado de caballos. El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar si la adición de plasma seminal a diferentes concentraciones, sobre espermatozoides equinos descongelados, afecta a la motilidad espermática, viabilidad y a nivel de membrana. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron (more) diferentes razas, cuatro sementales de silla, y dos sementales de tiro. En un primer experimento el semen descongelado se centrifugó, mientras en el segundo no se centrifugó. A continuación, se adicionó el plasma seminal al 10, 20, 30% suspendido en solución tampón fosfato y plasma seminal puro (100%). Resultados: En los caballos de silla el plasma seminal no afectó a los parámetros estudiados (p>0,05), pero se apreció un posible efecto tóxico del plasma seminal puro sobre las características espermáticas. En las muestras con plasma seminal de los caballos de tiro, se observaron unos índices mejores en espermatozoides vivos con acrosoma intacto que en las muestras control. Asimismo se obtuvo un porcentaje menor en espermatozoides reaccionados que en las muestras control, encontrando en esta categoría una diferencia significativa (p Abstract in english Background and objectives: Stallion sperm cryopreservation offers benefits not available in cooled semen. However various factors affect the success of artificial insemination with frozen-thawed equine semen. This study aims to evaluate if adding different concentrations of seminal plasma on frozen-thawed equine spermatozoa affects sperm motility, viability and membrane status. Material and Methods: Different breeds were used; four saddle stallions and two draft stallions (more) . In the first experiment thawed semen was centrifuged and in the second one it was not. Subsequent to that, the spermatozoa resuspended with 10, 20, 30% seminal plasma in phosphate buffered saline and pure seminal plasma (100%). Results: semen parameters of saddle stallions were not affected (p>0,05), but a possible toxic effect of pure seminal plasma was observed on sperm characteristics. Seminal plasma samples in draft breed got better rates in viable sperm with intact acrosome. A lower percentage was also found on spermatozoa with acrosome reaction than in control samples. This category showed signif icant differences (p

Lozano Benito, D.; Gil Huerta, L.; Álvarez San Martín, C.

2011-09-01

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Lead level in seminal plasma may affect semen quality for men without occupational exposure to lead  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Infertility affects approximately 10–15% of reproductive-age couples. Poor semen quality contributes to about 25% of infertile cases. Resulting from the direct effect on testicular function or hormonal alterations, heavy metals exposure has been related to impaired semen quality. The objective of this study was to assess the level of lead in the seminal plasma in men without occupational exposure to lead, and to determine the relationship between semen quality and lead concentration in the semen. Methods This is a prospective and nonrandomized clinical study conducted in University infertility clinic and academic research laboratory. Three hundred and forty-one male partners of infertile couples undergoing infertility evaluation and management were recruited to the study. Semen samples collected for the analyses of semen quality were also used for the measurement of lead concentrations. Semen samples were evaluated according to the WHO standards. Results All subjects were married and from infertile couples without occupational exposure to lead. There is a significant inverse correlation between the lead concentration in seminal plasma and sperm count. A higher semen lead concentration was correlated with lower sperm count, but not with semen volume, sperm motility or sperm morphology as assessed by simple linear regression. Conclusions We found that semen lead concentration was significantly higher among the patients with lower sperm count. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that a high level of lead accumulation in semen may reduce the sperm count contributing to infertility of men without occupational exposure to lead.

Wu Hsien-Ming; Lin-Tan Dan-Tzu; Wang Mei-Li; Huang Hong-Yuan; Lee Chyi-Long; Wang Hsin-Shih; Soong Yung-Kuei; Lin Ja-Liang

2012-01-01

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Clinical significance of determination of semen plasma IL-2, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-? contents in infertile males  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the influence of high semen plasma contents of the cytokines (IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-?) on male fertility. Methods: Semen plasma levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-? were determined with RIA in 126 infertile and 20 fertile males. Results: Semen plasma contents of the 4 cytokines in infertile subjects were significantly higher than those in fertile ones (p4/HP, n=15) had significantly higher contents of cytokines than those without leucocytospermia (WBC

2004-01-01

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Relationship of zinc concentrations in blood and seminal plasma with various semen parameters in infertile subjects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To find out relationship of zinc concentrations in blood and seminal plasma with various semen parameters between fertile and infertile men. (JPMC), Karachi and Department of Biochemistry. Basic Medical Sciences Institute, JPMC, Karachi. Fifty eight primary infertile male subjects, without any treatment, who had regular unprotected intercourse for at least 12 months without conception with their partners, aged 20-40 years, were selected from Infertility Clinic Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi. After semen analyses they were grouped as, oligospermic (30), and azoospermic (28). Twenty five known fertile male selected from general population and after semen analysis were taken as normospermic control group. Semen analyzed according to WHO criteria. Serum and seminal plasma zinc were estimated by 5Br. PAPS Colorimetric method. This study showed significant difference in serum and seminal zinc levels in normospermic, oligospermic (p

2007-01-01

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Relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality in a subfertile population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rationale : Current knowledge on the relationship between seminal zinc levels and different parameters of human semen is inconsistent. Objectives : To assess the relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality using two markers; zinc concentration (Zn-C) and total zinc per ejaculate (Zn-T). Design : The study was carried out as a cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods : Semen parameters of 152 healthy men undergoing evaluation for subfertility were assessed. Seminal plasma zinc levels were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Zn-C, expressed as ?g/mL, was multiplied by ejaculated volume to calculate Zn-T. Mann Whitney U test and Chi-square test were used to compare the zinc levels between different seminal groups when appropriate. Correlations were observed with Pearson?s correlation of coefficient. Analysis was carried out using SPSS 10.0 for windows software. Results : Zn-C was low in 23 (15%) samples, while in 32 (21%) of the samples Zn-T was abnormal. The number of subnormal samples was high in the low-zinc groups compared with the normal-zinc groups, 15 vs. 8 (P > 0.05) for Zn-C and 28 vs. 4 (P P P P P P P Conclusion : Count, motility, viability, pH and viscosity are affected by variations of seminal plasma zinc. Seminal plasma Zn-T is the better marker for assessing the relationship between zinc and semen quality.

Dissanayake DMAB; Wijesinghe P; Ratnasooriya W; Wimalasena S

2010-01-01

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Aluminium, lead and cadmium concentrations in seminal plasma and spermatozoa, and semen quality in Finnish men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aluminium, cadmium and lead concentrations in the spermatozoa and seminal plasma of 27 employees of two industrial companies, a refinery and a polyolefin factory, and 45 consecutive sperm donor candidates at a sperm bank were studied using atomic absorption measurements. The relationship between metal concentration and parameters of semen analysis was studied. A high concentration of aluminium in spermatozoa was correlated with decreased sperm motility. The concentrations of cadmium and lead were low and did not show any correlation with parameters of semen analysis. Aluminium may be one of the environmental pollutants causing impaired semen quality. The mean sperm concentrations were similar in the factory employees (96 x 10(6)/ml), in the sperm donor candidates of the comparison group (104 x 10(6)/ml) and in 352 donor candidates at the sperm bank of the Family Federation of Finland (107 x 10(6)/ml) between May 1993 and May 1995. PMID:9512240

Hovatta, O; Venäläinen, E R; Kuusimäki, L; Heikkilä, J; Hirvi, T; Reima, I

1998-01-01

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Aluminium, lead and cadmium concentrations in seminal plasma and spermatozoa, and semen quality in Finnish men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aluminium, cadmium and lead concentrations in the spermatozoa and seminal plasma of 27 employees of two industrial companies, a refinery and a polyolefin factory, and 45 consecutive sperm donor candidates at a sperm bank were studied using atomic absorption measurements. The relationship between metal concentration and parameters of semen analysis was studied. A high concentration of aluminium in spermatozoa was correlated with decreased sperm motility. The concentrations of cadmium and lead were low and did not show any correlation with parameters of semen analysis. Aluminium may be one of the environmental pollutants causing impaired semen quality. The mean sperm concentrations were similar in the factory employees (96 x 10(6)/ml), in the sperm donor candidates of the comparison group (104 x 10(6)/ml) and in 352 donor candidates at the sperm bank of the Family Federation of Finland (107 x 10(6)/ml) between May 1993 and May 1995.

Hovatta O; Venäläinen ER; Kuusimäki L; Heikkilä J; Hirvi T; Reima I

1998-01-01

20

Seminal Plasma and Semen Amyloids Enhance Cytomegalovirus Infection in Cell Culture.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Among the modes of transmission available to the cytomegalovirus (CMV) is sexual transmission, primarily via semen. Both male-to-female (M-F) and male-to-male (M-M) sexual transmission significantly contribute towards the spread of CMV infections in the global population. Semen plays an important role in carrying the viral particle that invades the vaginal or rectal mucosa, thereby initiating viral replication. Both semen and seminal plasma (SP) can enhance HIV-1 infection in cell culture, and two amyloid fibrils, semen-derived enhancer of viral infection (SEVI) and amyloids derived from the semenogelins (SEMs), have been identified as seminal factors sufficient to enhance HIV-1 infection (Munch et al., Cell, 2007; Roan et al., Cell Host & Microbe, 2011; Arnold et al., JV 2012). Whether SP, SEVI, or SEM amyloids can enhance other viral infections has not been extensively examined. In this study, we found that SP, SEVI, and SEM amyloids strongly enhance both human CMV (HCMV) and murine CMV (MCMV) infection in cell culture. SEVI and SEM amyloids increased infection rates by more than 10-fold, as determined by both flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. Viral replication was increased by 50- to 100-fold. Moreover, viral growth curve assays showed that SP, SEVI, and SEM amyloids sped up the kinetics of CMV replication such that the virus reached its replicative peak more quickly. Finally, we discovered that SEM amyloids and SEVI counteracted the effect of anti-gH in protecting against CMV infection. Collectively, the data suggest that semen enhances CMV infection through interactions between semen amyloid fibrils and viral particles, and these interactions may prevent HCMV from being neutralized by anti-gH antibody.

Tang Q; Roan NR; Yamamura Y

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
21

Effects of Copper and Superoxide Dismutase Content of Seminal Plasma on Buffalo Semen Characteristics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To investigate the effects of copper and superoxide dismutase (SOD) content of seminal plasma on buffalo semen characteristics, 54 semen samples collected from buffalo bulls by a bovine artificial vagina were used. Semen characteristics (motility, viability, morphology, concentration and volume) were recorded. Seminal plasma was harvested by centrifugation and kept frozen until analysis. Seminal plasma copper content was determined by atomic absorption procedure and SOD was measured by using a kit. The mean total copper value of seminal plasma was recorded as 2.51 ± 0.04 mg kg-1 (Mean ± SEM) and the mean total SOD values was 39.02 ± 0.81 IU mL-1. To reduce the range of variability, the data were categorized according to their motility records in 3 groups of Excellent (Ex, >90% motile, n = 33), Good (Go, 80-89% motile, n = 15) and Moderate (Mo, -1 and 39.52 ± 0.57 IU mL-1, respectively. These values were 81.66 ± 0.62%, 85.26 ± 0.95%, 2.38 ± 0.11 mg kg-1 and 36.48 ± 1.51 IU mL-1 in Go group and 71.66 ± 1.05%, 77.00 ± 2.94%, 2.55 ± 0.10 mg kg-1 and 50.66 ± 2.51 in Mo group, respectively. The mean copper value in Ex group was highly (r = 0.600) correlated with SOD and correlated with sperm motility (r = 0.372) and viability (r = 0.363), while, in Go group it was highly correlated (r = 0.945) with SOD and sperm viability (r = 0.652) and in Mo group it was correlated (r = 0.874) with semen volume only. The mean SOD values in Ex group was highly correlated with sperm motility (r = 0.492) and viability (r = 0.490) and mean copper values, in Go group, it was highly correlated whit sperm viability (r = 0.659) and mean copper values and in Mo group it had no significant correlations with semen parameters. These results suggest that copper and SOD content of the buffalo seminal plasma have an influence on the sperm motility and viability which are the most important factors in semen fertility.

M. Eghbali; S.M. Alavi-Shoushtari; S. Asri Rezaii

2008-01-01

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Lactotransferrin in Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Seminal Plasma Correlates with Semen Quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) have highly variable ejaculate quality within individuals, greatly reducing the efficacy of artificial insemination and making it difficult to devise a sperm cryopreservation protocol for this endangered species. Because seminal plasma influences sperm function and physiology, including sperm motility, the objectives of this study were to characterize the chemistry and protein profiles of Asian elephant seminal plasma and to determine the relationships between seminal plasma components and semen quality. Ejaculates exhibiting good sperm motility (?65%) expressed higher percentages of spermatozoa with normal morphology (80.3±13.0 vs. 44.9±30.8%) and positive Spermac staining (51.9±14.5 vs. 7.5±14.4%), in addition to higher total volume (135.1±89.6 vs. 88.8±73.1 ml) and lower sperm concentration (473.0±511.2 vs. 1313.8±764.7×10(6) cells ml(-1)) compared to ejaculates exhibiting poor sperm motility (?10%; P<0.05). Comparison of seminal plasma from ejaculates with good versus poor sperm motility revealed significant differences in concentrations of creatine phosphokinase, alanine aminotransferase, phosphorus, sodium, chloride, magnesium, and glucose. These observations suggest seminal plasma influences semen quality in elephants. One- and two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis revealed largely similar compositional profiles of seminal plasma proteins between good and poor motility ejaculates. However, a protein of ?80 kDa was abundant in 85% of ejaculates with good motility, and was absent in 90% of poor motility ejaculates (P<0.05). We used mass spectrometry to identify this protein as lactotransferrin, and immunoblot analysis to confirm this identification. Together, these findings lay a functional foundation for understanding the contributions of seminal plasma in the regulation of Asian elephant sperm motility, and for improving semen collection and storage in this endangered species.

Kiso WK; Selvaraj V; Nagashima J; Asano A; Brown JL; Schmitt DL; Leszyk J; Travis AJ; Pukazhenthi BS

2013-01-01

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Relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality in a subfertile population.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

RATIONALE: Current knowledge on the relationship between seminal zinc levels and different parameters of human semen is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality using two markers; zinc concentration (Zn-C) and total zinc per ejaculate (Zn-T). DESIGN: The study was carried out as a cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Semen parameters of 152 healthy men undergoing evaluation for subfertility were assessed. Seminal plasma zinc levels were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Zn-C, expressed as ?g/mL, was multiplied by ejaculated volume to calculate Zn-T. Mann Whitney U test and Chi-square test were used to compare the zinc levels between different seminal groups when appropriate. Correlations were observed with Pearson's correlation of coefficient. Analysis was carried out using SPSS 10.0 for windows software. RESULTS: Zn-C was low in 23 (15%) samples, while in 32 (21%) of the samples Zn-T was abnormal. The number of subnormal samples was high in the low-zinc groups compared with the normal-zinc groups, 15 vs. 8 (P > 0.05) for Zn-C and 28 vs. 4 (P < 0.001) for Zn-T. Zn-C was significantly high in the asthenozoospermics compared with the normal motile group; 138.11 ?g/mL (83.92) vs. 110.69 11 ?g/mL (54.59) (P < 0.05). Zn-T was significantly low in samples with hyperviscosity compared with samples with normal viscosity; 220.06 ?g (144.09) vs. 336.34 ?g (236.33) (P < 0.05). Conversely, Zn-T was high in samples with low viability compared with those with normal viability; 437.67 ?g (283.88) vs. 305.15 ?g (221.19) (P < 0.05). Weak correlations were found between Zn and some semen parameters. However, the correlation was negative between pH and Zn-C (r = -0.193, P < 0.05) as well as Zn-T (r = -0.280, P < 0.01). On the other hand, correlations were positive between Zn-T and sperm count (r = 0.211, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Count, motility, viability, pH and viscosity are affected by variations of seminal plasma zinc. Seminal plasma Zn-T is the better marker for assessing the relationship between zinc and semen quality.

Dissanayake D; Wijesinghe P; Ratnasooriya W; Wimalasena S

2010-09-01

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Effects of Zingiber officinale Aqueous Extract on Semen Characteristic and Some Blood Plasma, Semen Plasma Parameters in the Broilers Breeder Male  

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Full Text Available To investigate the effects of Zingiber Officinale on male reproductive functions and study the mechanisms underlying these effects, aqueous extract of Zingiber officinale were administered in drinking water to two groups of male broilers breeder (24wk age) at 5% and 10%. A third group served as control and received the treatment vehicle, distilled water. Treatment lasted for 28, 32, 36, 40 and 44 wk age. Ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, counts, movements, motility and abnormality, semen plasma cholesterol, protein and glucose, the antioxidant malonhydialdehyde, glutathione and blood serum LH, FSH and testosterone, were determined. The treatment caused a significant increase (pZingiber officinale possesses pro-fertility properties in male broiler which might be a product of both its potent antioxidant properties and androgenic activities.

J.M. Saeid; A.K. Shanoon; M.M. Marbut

2011-01-01

25

Lactotransferrin in Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Seminal Plasma Correlates with Semen Quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) have highly variable ejaculate quality within individuals, greatly reducing the efficacy of artificial insemination and making it difficult to devise a sperm cryopreservation protocol for this endangered species. Because seminal plasma influences sperm function and physiology, including sperm motility, the objectives of this study were to characterize the chemistry and protein profiles of Asian elephant seminal plasma and to determine the relationships between seminal plasma components and semen quality. Ejaculates exhibiting good sperm motility (?65%) expressed higher percentages of spermatozoa with normal morphology (80.3±13.0 vs. 44.9±30.8%) and positive Spermac staining (51.9±14.5 vs. 7.5±14.4%), in addition to higher total volume (135.1±89.6 vs. 88.8±73.1 ml) and lower sperm concentration (473.0±511.2 vs. 1313.8±764.7×10(6) cells ml(-1)) compared to ejaculates exhibiting poor sperm motility (?10%; Pelephants. One- and two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis revealed largely similar compositional profiles of seminal plasma proteins between good and poor motility ejaculates. However, a protein of ?80 kDa was abundant in 85% of ejaculates with good motility, and was absent in 90% of poor motility ejaculates (Pelephant sperm motility, and for improving semen collection and storage in this endangered species. PMID:23976974

Kiso, Wendy K; Selvaraj, Vimal; Nagashima, Jennifer; Asano, Atsushi; Brown, Janine L; Schmitt, Dennis L; Leszyk, John; Travis, Alexander J; Pukazhenthi, Budhan S

2013-08-16

26

Oral glucose supplementation improved semen quality and constituents of seminal and blood plasma of NZW buck rabbits in the subtropics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Youssef A Attia1, A E Abd El Hamid1, Fulvia Bovera2, Mohamed El-Sayed11Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, Egypt; 2Department of Scienze Zootecniche e Ispezione degli Alimenti, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, ItalyAbstract: The effect of different levels of oral glucose supplementation on reproductive performance of New Zealand white buck rabbits was studied on 12 bucks aged 6–7 months, randomly divided among four groups from February to September. The treatments consisted of supplementing drinking water with 0 (control), 2.5, 5, and 10 g of glucose/L, respectively. Semen was collected twice weekly from April through September. Three samples of blood and seminal plasma were collected for each treatment during August. Semen quality, biochemical constituents of seminal and blood plasma, and testosterone were studied. Oral glucose supplementation of 5 or 10 g/L of drinking water significantly increased semen volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, live sperm percentage, total sperm output, and total live sperm output and significantly decreased abnormal sperm percentage as compared to the control group. Addition of glucose at 5 g/L water significantly increased blood plasma total protein, albumin, glucose, alanine aminotransferase, and testosterone hormone compared to the control group.Keywords: rabbit, glucose, semen quality, seminal and blood plasma

Youssef A Attia; A E Abd El Hamid; Fulvia Bovera; et al

2010-01-01

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Passage of chloroquine into semen.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The passage of chloroquine into semen was investigated in four healthy men following the oral administration of four chloroquine sulphate tablets (600 mg base) to each subject. Chloroquine was found to be excreted into semen with a slow transfer rate constant of 0.0002 min-1, and the semen/plasma ra...

Ette, E I; Ogonor, J I; Essien, E E

28

Effects of the Seminal Plasma Iron and Lead Content on Semen Quality of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Bulls  

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Full Text Available In order to determine iron and lead content of seminal plasma in water buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls. The semen characteristics were evaluated; its iron and lead content were estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The iron and lead content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM) was recorded as 40.68 ± 0.75 mg L-1 and 0.026 ± 0.008 mg L-1, respectively. The mean iron value was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability, negatively with lead content, and had a negative association with semen volume. The mean lead value was highly negatively associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility, viability and positively associated with sperm abnormal morphology.For further clarification of these associations, the results were categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, > 90 % motile, n = 33), good (Go, 80-89 % motile, n = 15) and moderate (Mo, < 79 % motile, n = 6) according to their percentage of sperm motility. The mean progressive motility in Ex, Go and Mo group was 92.24 ± 0.51 %, 81.66 ± 0.62 %, and 71.66 ± 1.05 % respectively. The mean iron and lead values and their associations with other parameters in these groups are discussed.The results show that seminal plasma iron content is associated with the motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation, but its lead content has an adverse effect on these parameters.

Mahdi Eghbali; Sayed Mortaza Alavi-Shoushtari; Siamak Asri-Rezaei; Mohammad-Hassan Khadem Ansari

2010-01-01

29

Effects of the Seminal Plasma Zinc Content and Catalase Activity on the Semen Quality of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Bulls  

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Full Text Available In order to determine zinc and catalase content of seminal plasma in the buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls; semen volume and sperm concentration, gross and progressive motility and viability were evaluated, seminal plasma was then harvested by centrifugation and its zinc content was estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometer and its catalase activity determined by using a commercial kit. The zinc content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM) was recorded as 154.40 ± 1.74 mg L-1, while, the mean catalase value was 32.00 ± 0.42 U mL-1. The mean zinc values was highly correlated with sperm progressive motility and viability and with catalase values (p = 0.000 for all) and also was associated with gross motility (p = 0.020) and negatively with abnormal morphology (p = 0.049). The catalase values were highly associated with sperm progressive motility, viability and zinc content (p = 0.000 for all) and was associated with sperm gross motility (p = 0.024). For further clarification of these correlations, the samples were categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, > 90% motile, n = 33), good (Go, 80-89% motile, n = 15) and moderate (Mo, -1 and 33.41 ± 0.34 U mL-1 in Ex, 146.70 ± 1.91 mg L-1 and 31.01 ± 0.67 in Go and 136.42 ± 4.97 mg L-1 and 26.51 ± 0.87 U mL-1 in Mo groups. The mean zinc value in Ex group was highly associated with sperm motility, viability and catalase values, in Go group was associated with catalase values and highly associated with sperm abnormal morphology and in Mo group it was highly associations with catalase values only. The mean catalase value in Ex group, was highly associated with sperm motility and viability, in Go group was associated with zinc content and in Mo groups was highly associated with the zinc content. These results show that seminal plasma zinc and catalase content are correlated with semen characteristics and synergistically act to preserve motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation.

S.M. Alavi-Shoushtari; S. Asri Rezai; M.H. Kh. Ansari; A. Khaki

2009-01-01

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Proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos relacionadas com o índice pluviométrico e a qualidade do sêmen/ Proteins of goat seminal plasma related with precipitation index and semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos da raça Alpina Americana criados na região Nordeste do Brasil que estão relacionadas ao índice pluviométrico e à qualidade do sêmen. O sêmen foi obtido pelo método de vagina artificial a partir de três reprodutores e foi avaliado quanto aos parâmetros macroscópicos e microscópicos. O perfil de proteínas do plasma seminal foi realizado por eletroforese bidimensional. Os parâm (more) etros volume do sêmen, integridade do acrossoma e proteínas totais evidenciaram diferença significativa (P Abstract in english The aim of this study was to identify proteins in seminal plasma of goats raised in the Northeast of Brazil related with precipitation index and semen quality. Semen was obtained from three bucks and evaluated to the microscopic and macroscopic parameters. The profile of seminal plasma proteins was performed by analysis of two-dimensional electrophoresis. Volume, acrosome integrity and total proteins had significant difference (P(more) 90.3% and 372g mL-1, respectively) and low (1.2mL, 80.3% and 494µg mL-1, respectively) precipitation index. It was detected during high and low precipitation index, 47 and 49 spots of proteins with molecular weight of 4 to 106kDa and 15 to 97kDa, and isoelectric point of 3.00 to 8.96, and 4.48 to 9.83, respectively. Only in the period of high precipitation index were observed groups of proteins with 13kDa and 45kDa. It can be concluded that semen of Alpine American goats raised in the Northeast of Brazil has best quality when obtained in the period of high precipitation index, which can be attributed to the presence of protein with 13kDa and 45kDa.

Souza, Andreia Fernandes de; Leitão, Maria da Conceição Gomes; Batista, André Mariano; Porto, Ana Lúcia Figueiredo; Lima Filho, José Luiz de; Guerra, Maria Madalena Pessoa

2009-07-01

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Changes in Prostaglandin E2 Levels in Seminal Plasma during Ejaculation and the Effect of Exogenous Prostaglandin E2 on Semen Volume in the Dog.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In healthy male dogs, peripheral plasma testosterone (T), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and seminal plasma PGE2 levels were measured before, during, and after ejaculation and semen quality was examined after oral administration of PGE2. Plasma T and PGE2 levels did not change during these periods, but seminal plasma PGE2 level in the first and second fraction was significantly higher than that at 0-5 and 5-10 min after the start of ejaculation of the third fraction. Semen volume but not quality increased after PGE2 administration. In conclusion, large amounts of PGE2 are released from the prostate gland during the early part of ejaculation and that PGE2 plays an essential role in secretion of seminal plasma.

Kobayashi M; Hori T; Kawakami E

2013-04-01

32

Changes in Prostaglandin E2 Levels in Seminal Plasma during Ejaculation and the Effect of Exogenous Prostaglandin E2 on Semen Volume in the Dog.  

Science.gov (United States)

In healthy male dogs, peripheral plasma testosterone (T), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and seminal plasma PGE2 levels were measured before, during, and after ejaculation and semen quality was examined after oral administration of PGE2. Plasma T and PGE2 levels did not change during these periods, but seminal plasma PGE2 level in the first and second fraction was significantly higher than that at 0-5 and 5-10 min after the start of ejaculation of the third fraction. Semen volume but not quality increased after PGE2 administration. In conclusion, large amounts of PGE2 are released from the prostate gland during the early part of ejaculation and that PGE2 plays an essential role in secretion of seminal plasma. PMID:23629017

Kobayashi, Masanori; Hori, Tatsuya; Kawakami, Eiichi

2013-04-30

33

Effects of vitamins, probiotics, and protein level on semen traits and some seminal plasma macro- and microminerals of male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of vitamin E, vitamin C, probiotics, dietary protein level, and their combination on semen traits and seminal plasma macro- and microminerals in 65-week-old male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting. One hundred eighty birds were induced to molt by mixing zinc oxide (3,000 mg/kg) in the diet. The birds were divided into six groups (five replicates) by completely randomized design. One group was kept as control (16% CP), while the other five were supplemented with vitamin E (100 IU/kg feed), vitamin C (500 IU/kg feed) probiotics (50 mg/L), protein level (14% CP), and their combination. Semen samples were weekly collected for determination of semen volume, sperm concentration, motility, and dead sperm percentage. Analyses of Na, K, Ca and Mg, Zn, Fe, Mn, and Cu in seminal plasma were also performed. Overall, mean semen volume was significantly high in vitamin E and C supplemented groups compared to control. Overall mean sperm motility was significantly higher in vitamin E supplemented group, whereas dead sperm percentage was significantly lower in the vitamin C group compared to control. Mineral analyses revealed that overall mean seminal plasma Mg increased significantly in vitamin E and C supplemented groups compared to control. Similarly, significantly high overall mean seminal plasma Cu concentration was observed in vitamins E and C and combination groups. It can be concluded that vitamins have a vital role in improving semen quality and bioavailability of Mg and Cu in seminal plasma of the post-molt cockerels. PMID:22318702

Khan, Rifat Ullah; Zia-Ur-Rahman; Javed, Ijaz; Muhammad, Faqir

2012-02-09

34

Effects of vitamins, probiotics, and protein level on semen traits and some seminal plasma macro- and microminerals of male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of vitamin E, vitamin C, probiotics, dietary protein level, and their combination on semen traits and seminal plasma macro- and microminerals in 65-week-old male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting. One hundred eighty birds were induced to molt by mixing zinc oxide (3,000 mg/kg) in the diet. The birds were divided into six groups (five replicates) by completely randomized design. One group was kept as control (16% CP), while the other five were supplemented with vitamin E (100 IU/kg feed), vitamin C (500 IU/kg feed) probiotics (50 mg/L), protein level (14% CP), and their combination. Semen samples were weekly collected for determination of semen volume, sperm concentration, motility, and dead sperm percentage. Analyses of Na, K, Ca and Mg, Zn, Fe, Mn, and Cu in seminal plasma were also performed. Overall, mean semen volume was significantly high in vitamin E and C supplemented groups compared to control. Overall mean sperm motility was significantly higher in vitamin E supplemented group, whereas dead sperm percentage was significantly lower in the vitamin C group compared to control. Mineral analyses revealed that overall mean seminal plasma Mg increased significantly in vitamin E and C supplemented groups compared to control. Similarly, significantly high overall mean seminal plasma Cu concentration was observed in vitamins E and C and combination groups. It can be concluded that vitamins have a vital role in improving semen quality and bioavailability of Mg and Cu in seminal plasma of the post-molt cockerels.

Khan RU; Zia-Ur-Rahman; Javed I; Muhammad F

2012-07-01

35

Effect of vitamins, probiotics and protein level on semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical parameters of post-moult male broiler breeders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

1. A study was designed to investigate the comparative effect of supplementary vitamin E, vitamin C, probiotics and dietary crude protein concentration on semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical parameters in male broiler breeders after Zn-induced moulting. 2. A total of 180 male broiler breeders were induced to moult at 65 weeks of age by mixing ZnO in diet at the rate 3000?mg/kg of feed. After moulting, the males were divided into six groups that were given feed supplemented with: vitamin C (500?IU/kg), vitamin E (100?IU/kg), protein (140?g CP/kg), probiotics (50?mg/kg) and the combination of these components, while one group was kept as a control. Semen samples were collected weekly and semen volume, spermatozoa concentration, motility and dead spermatozoa percentage were determined. Seminal plasma was separated to determine the concentration of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), homocysteine, paraoxonase (PON1), arylesterase, ceruloplasmin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities. 3. Semen volume was significantly higher in the vitamin E and C groups compared to the control. Spermatozoa motility was higher in the vitamin E group and dead spermatozoa percentage was significantly lower in the vitamin C group compared with the control group. 4. Seminal plasma TAC was higher in the vitamin E group, homocysteine was lower in the vitamin C and E groups. PON1 was higher in the combination group. Arylesterase increased significantly in the vitamin C and combination groups over time. Seminal plasma AST was significantly lower in the vitamin C and E supplemented groups whereas ALT decreased significantly only in the vitamin E group compared with the control. Higher concentrations of ceruloplasmin were observed in the combination group compared with the other treatments. 5. It was concluded that additional vitamin E and C or their combination was the most potent nutrient treatment for improving the semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical characteristics in male broiler breeders after Zn-induced moulting.

Khan RU; Rahman ZU; Javed I; Muhammad F

2013-01-01

36

Calcium, Magnesium and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) in Seminal Plasma of Water Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) Bulls and their Relationships with Semen Characteristics  

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Full Text Available In order to determine calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) content and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of seminal plasma in buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls; semen quality was evaluated, seminal plasma was then harvested by centrifugation and its Ca and Mg content were estimated and its TAC determined. The Ca and Mg content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM) were recorded as 22.36 ± 0.52 mg dl-1 and 11.94 ± 0.36 mg dl-1 respectively, while, its mean TAC value was 1.50 ± 0.02 mmol L-1. The mean Ca value was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility, viability (P = 0.000 for all), negatively with semen volume (P = 0.01), and with Mg and TAC values (P = 0.000 for both). The mean Mg values was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability and seminal plasma Ca and TAC (P = 0.000 for all) and negatively associated with semen volume (P = 0.014). The mean TAC values was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability and seminal plasma Ca and Mg (P = 0.000 for all). For further clarification of these associations, the data was categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, >90% motile, n = 33), good (Go, 80-89% motile, n = 15) and moderate (Mo, <79% motile, n = 6) according to their percentage of sperm motility. The mean progressive motility in Ex group was 92.24 ± 0.51%, in Go group it was 81.66 ± 0.62 %, and in Mo group it was 71.66 ± 1.05 %. The mean Ca, Mg and TAC values were respectively recorded as 25.12 ± 0.29 mg dl-1, 13.78 ± 0.20 mg dl-1, and 1.57 ± 0.009 mmol L-1 in Ex, 18.74 ± 0.63 mg dl-1, 9.14 ± 0.33mg dl-1, and 1.42 ± 0.044 mmol L-1 in Go, and 17.34 ± 0.18 mg dl-1, 8.06 ± 0.25 mg dl-1, and 1.23± 0.05 mmol L-1 in Mo groups. The associations in groups are discussed. These results show that seminal plasma Ca and Mg content and TAC are associated with semen characteristics, and synergistically have an effect on motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation, which are important factors in semen fertility.

Mahdi Eghbali; Sayed Mortaza Alavi-Shoushtari; Siamak Asri-Rezaei; Mohammad-Hassan Khadem Ansari

2010-01-01

37

Recent advances in cooled-semen technology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The majority of horse registries approve the use of artificial insemination, and horse breeding has widely taken benefit from the use of cooled-stored semen. New insights into cooled-semen technology open possibilities to reduce problems such as impaired semen quality after cooled-storage in individual stallions. The stallion itself has major impacts on quality and fertility of cooled-stored semen. Dietary supplementation of antioxidants and polyunsaturated fatty acids improves semen quality in a variety of species, but only few studies on this topic exist in the horse. Proper semen collection and handling is the main key to the maintenance of semen quality during cooled-storage. Semen collection should be achieved by minimal sexual stimulation with a single mount; this results in high sperm concentration, low content of seminal plasma and minimal contamination with bacteria. Milk-based semen extenders are most popular for semen processing and storage. The development of more defined extenders containing only the beneficial milk ingredients has made extender quality more constant and reliable. Semen is often centrifuged to decrease the seminal plasma content. Centrifugation results in a recovery rate of only 75% of spermatozoa in the semen pellet. Recovery rates after centrifugation may be improved with use of a "cushion technique" allowing higher centrifugation force and duration. However, this is not routinely used in cooled-semen technology. After slow-cooling, semen-storage and shipping is best performed at 5 degrees C, maintaining semen motility, membrane integrity and DNA integrity for up to 40 h after collection. Shipping containers created from Styrofoam boxes provide maintenance of semen quality at low cost.

Aurich C

2008-09-01

38

Effect of the addition of seminal plasma, vitamin E and incubation time on post-thawed sperm viability in boar semen/ Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal, vitamina E y tiempo de incubación en la viabilidad post-congelamiento del esperma en semen de verraco  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el efecto del plasma seminal (PS), Vitamina E (VE) y tiempo de incubación sobre la viabilidad espermática de semen de verracos después de su congelamiento. Treinta y seis eyaculados fueron usados y asignados a cuatro tratamientos: Tl, semen + BTS (Solución de postcongelamiento Belstville) + 10% PS; T2, semen + BTS + 200?g/ml VE; T3, semen + BTS + 10% PS + 200ug/ml VE; T4, semen + BTS (control). La motilidad (MOT), integridad de (more) acrosomas (IA), integridad de membrana (IM) y la actividad mitocondrial (AM) se evaluaron a los 0 y 30 min después del congelamiento. Se utilizó un diseño en parcelas divididas y los datos se analizaron mediante un análisis de varianza para modelos mixtos. Se encontró efecto significativo de PS y VE sobre IA y IM (PO.05) pero no sobre MOT y AM (P>0.05). Hubo efecto significativo de tiempo de incubación sobre MOT (21.3 y 27.9%) y IA (46.0 y 36.0%), a los 0 y 30 min postcongelación (P Abstract in english The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of seminal plasma (SP), vitamin E (VE), and incubation time on sperm viability of post-thawed boar semen. Thirty six ejaculates were used and allocated to four treatments: Tl, semen + BTS (Belstville Thawing Solution) + 10% SP; T2, semen + BTS + 200?g/ml VE; T3, semen + BTS + 10% SP + 200ug/ml VE; T4, semen + BTS (control). Motility (MOT), intact acrosomes (IA), membrane integrity (MI) and mitochondrial activity ( (more) MA) were evaluated, at 0 and 30 min after thawing. A split plot design was used and the data analyzed using a mixed model analysis of variance. There was a significant effect of SP and VE on IA and MI (PO.05) but not on MOT and MA (P>0.05). There was significant effect of incubation time on MOT (21.3 and 27.9%) and IA (46.0 and 36.0%), at 0 and 30 min post-thawing (P

Pech- Sansores, A. G. C.; Centurión- Castro, F. G.; Rodríguez-Buenfil, J. C.; Segura-Correa, J. C.; Aké-Lopez, J. R.

2011-12-01

39

Effect of vitamins, probiotics and protein level on semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical parameters of post-moult male broiler breeders.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. A study was designed to investigate the comparative effect of supplementary vitamin E, vitamin C, probiotics and dietary crude protein concentration on semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical parameters in male broiler breeders after Zn-induced moulting. 2. A total of 180 male broiler breeders were induced to moult at 65 weeks of age by mixing ZnO in diet at the rate 3000?mg/kg of feed. After moulting, the males were divided into six groups that were given feed supplemented with: vitamin C (500?IU/kg), vitamin E (100?IU/kg), protein (140?g CP/kg), probiotics (50?mg/kg) and the combination of these components, while one group was kept as a control. Semen samples were collected weekly and semen volume, spermatozoa concentration, motility and dead spermatozoa percentage were determined. Seminal plasma was separated to determine the concentration of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), homocysteine, paraoxonase (PON1), arylesterase, ceruloplasmin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities. 3. Semen volume was significantly higher in the vitamin E and C groups compared to the control. Spermatozoa motility was higher in the vitamin E group and dead spermatozoa percentage was significantly lower in the vitamin C group compared with the control group. 4. Seminal plasma TAC was higher in the vitamin E group, homocysteine was lower in the vitamin C and E groups. PON1 was higher in the combination group. Arylesterase increased significantly in the vitamin C and combination groups over time. Seminal plasma AST was significantly lower in the vitamin C and E supplemented groups whereas ALT decreased significantly only in the vitamin E group compared with the control. Higher concentrations of ceruloplasmin were observed in the combination group compared with the other treatments. 5. It was concluded that additional vitamin E and C or their combination was the most potent nutrient treatment for improving the semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical characteristics in male broiler breeders after Zn-induced moulting. PMID:23444861

Khan, R U; Rahman, Z U; Javed, I; Muhammad, F

2013-01-01

40

Effect of season on some characteristics of stallion semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Season had a pronounced effect upon seminal pH and refractometer 'protein', total carbohydrate, dry weight, total N2 and lactic acid in seminal plasma of first and second ejaculates. In addition, total seminal volume, spermatozoa per ml and per ejaculate, non-protein sulphhydryl and glycerylphosphorylcholine of second ejaculates were also influenced. There was a season difference in the concentrations of lactic acid in spermatozoa from first and in total N2 from spermatozoa in second ejaculates. The effects of season on seminal plasma were greater than those on spermatozoa. Spermatozoa in first ejaculates were less affected by season than those in secons ejaculates. This differential effect on first and second ejaculates was generally true of all seminal characteristics.

Pickett BW; Faulkner LC; Voss JL

1975-10-01

 
 
 
 
41

Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa  

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Full Text Available Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq (Triladyl with 0.5 m? of Equex STM paste added to each 100 m?) and heat-treated skim milk on longevity and percentages of progressively motile and aberrantly motile frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa. Three ejaculates from each of 6 rams were extended in TrilEq, pooled and frozen in straws as a single batch per ram. One hundred and eight straws (3 straws from each ram for each fluid) were thawed in random order. Once thawed, a straw was emptied into a tube with 0.85m? of the appropriate fluid at 37 °C and kept at that temperature for 6 h. Motility was assessed at x200 magnification immediately (time zero) and 2, 4 and 6 h after thawing. Progressive motility decreased from each time to the next (P < 0.05) and was 39.0% (0 h), 26.0% (2 h), 19.6% (4 h) and 12.6% (6 h); SEM 1.24, n=108 for each group. Ram seminal plasma resulted in higher progressive motility than bull seminal plasma, lower than milk, and similar to the other fluids. Ram seminal plasma resulted in lower aberrant motility than protein-free TALP and similar aberrant motility to other fluids. The effect of ram seminal plasma and dog prostatic fluid was very similar. The effect of ram seminal plasma on the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix is not due an exceptionally beneficial effect on the motility of spermatozoa.

G.A. Mataveia; S.J. Terblanche; J.O. Nothling; D. Gerber

2012-01-01

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Laser spectrochemical characterization of semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The overall objective of this paper is to use a fast, more sensitive and less costly spectrochemical analysis laser techniques for estimation of seasonal variation of elements present in seminal plasma as well as for semen sperm count. For these two tasks we used Laser Induced-Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) as an elemental analysis technique and Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) as a molecular analysis technique for sperm count estimation. The samples investigated via both techniques were buffalo semen from the artificial insemination center at the faculty of agriculture. The obtained LIBS data helped to assess indirectly the semen quality, sperm motility and spermatozoa count, relevant to the studied elements in different seasons. In addition it has been demonstrated that LIF can be adopted directly in centers of artificial insemination as a simple and fast method for the essential step of semen counting instead of the lengthy and inaccurate conventional techniques.

Abdel-Salam Z; Harith MA

2012-09-01

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq (Triladyl with 0.5 m? of Equex STM paste added to each 100 m?) and heat-treated skim milk on longevity and percentages of progressively motile and aberrantly motile frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa. Three eja (more) culates from each of 6 rams were extended in TrilEq, pooled and frozen in straws as a single batch per ram. One hundred and eight straws (3 straws from each ram for each fluid) were thawed in random order. Once thawed, a straw was emptied into a tube with 0.85 m? of the appropriate fluid at 37 ºC and kept at that temperature for 6 h. Motility was assessed at ×200 magnification immediately (time zero) and 2, 4 and 6 h after thawing. Progressive motility decreased from each time to the next (P

Mataveia, G A; Terblanche, S J; Nöthling, J O; Gerber, D

2010-09-01

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Differential seminal plasma proteome according to semen retrieval in men with spinal cord injury.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate protein expression profile and to quantify proteins present in seminal plasma from men with spinal cord injury (SCI) and healthy men without SCI. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Twelve SCI patients divided in to two groups, six who underwent electroejaculation (EEJ) and six who underwent penile vibratory stimulation (PVS); and ten control subjects presenting normal sperm motility and concentration. INTERVENTION(S): EEJ and PVS. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The seminal plasma protein profile was analyzed by two proteomic strategies: data-independent label-free quantitative proteomics (MS(E)) and two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D SDS-PAGE). RESULT(S): A total of 638 different proteins were identified by MS(E) and 18 by 2D SDS-PAGE followed by tandem mass spectrometry. Interactome analysis showed key reproductive biologic processes-insemination, sperm and oocyte fusion, and acrosome reaction-related to all groups, as were triglyceride stimuli. Processes related to actin and muscle function and to iron oxidation, transportation, and homeostasis were found only in the EEJ and PVS groups; response to hydrogen peroxide and increased immune response was found only in the PVS group. CONCLUSION(S): This study was able to demonstrate differential protein expression among control, PVS, and EEJ groups; SCI is responsible for alterations in seminal plasma protein profile leading to a deviation from homeostasis; proteins reported in both PVS and EEJ groups correlate with the pathophysiology of SCI-related infertility.

da Silva BF; Souza GH; Turco EG; Del Giudice PT; Soler TB; Spaine DM; Borrelli M Junior; Gozzo FC; Pilau EJ; Garcia JS; Ferreira CR; Eberlin MN; Bertolla RP

2013-07-01

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Efeito de proteínas do plasma seminal eqüino com massa superior a 10 kDa concentradas 10 vezes sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen/ Effect of high concentration of protein of the equine seminal plasma on semen cryopreservation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da adição de concentrados de proteínas do plasma seminal (PPS) no diluente de congelamento sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen eqüino. Foram avaliados três tratamentos: um controle, no qual o sêmen foi congelado no diluente Botu-Crio®; e outros dois, com adição de 10% ou 20% (v/v) de proteínas do plasma seminal ao diluente. As maiores médias de motilidades total e progressiva foram observadas no tratamento controle, que foram super (more) iores às obtidas com adição de 20% de proteínas, mas não diferiram das obtidas com adição de 10% de PPS. Os resultados do teste hiposmótico e do número de espermatozóides vivos obtidos com o congelamento do sêmen no diluente (controle) foram superiores aos encontrados com a adição de 10% de PPS, que, por sua vez, foram melhores que os observados com a adição de 20% de PPS ao diluente. A adição do concentrado de proteínas do plasma seminal não melhora os parâmetros espermáticos do sêmen eqüino. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing the concentration of protein of the seminal plasma in the extender used for frozing equine semen. Three treatments were compared: The conventional one, defined by using only the Botu-Crio® extender for frozing semen; and other two defined by adding 10% (v/v) or 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. Averages of total and progressive motility were statistically higher in the conventional (more) treatment than in that defined by adding 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins but they did not differ from those obtained by adding 10% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. The best results for the hypoosmotic test and the number of live spermatozoa were obtained in the conventional treatment, and results for adding 10% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins were better than those obtained by adding 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. These results indicate that the addition of concentrated protein of the seminal plasma to the extender did not improve the cryopreservation of equine semen.

Barreto, Marcus Antonio Pessanha; Silva, José Frederico Straggiotti; Fagundes, Bruno; Caiado, José Renato Costa; Souza, Guilherme Valente de; Shimoya, Aldo

2008-12-01

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Efeito de proteínas do plasma seminal eqüino com massa superior a 10 kDa concentradas 10 vezes sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen Effect of high concentration of protein of the equine seminal plasma on semen cryopreservation  

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Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da adição de concentrados de proteínas do plasma seminal (PPS) no diluente de congelamento sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen eqüino. Foram avaliados três tratamentos: um controle, no qual o sêmen foi congelado no diluente Botu-Crio®; e outros dois, com adição de 10% ou 20% (v/v) de proteínas do plasma seminal ao diluente. As maiores médias de motilidades total e progressiva foram observadas no tratamento controle, que foram superiores às obtidas com adição de 20% de proteínas, mas não diferiram das obtidas com adição de 10% de PPS. Os resultados do teste hiposmótico e do número de espermatozóides vivos obtidos com o congelamento do sêmen no diluente (controle) foram superiores aos encontrados com a adição de 10% de PPS, que, por sua vez, foram melhores que os observados com a adição de 20% de PPS ao diluente. A adição do concentrado de proteínas do plasma seminal não melhora os parâmetros espermáticos do sêmen eqüino.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing the concentration of protein of the seminal plasma in the extender used for frozing equine semen. Three treatments were compared: The conventional one, defined by using only the Botu-Crio® extender for frozing semen; and other two defined by adding 10% (v/v) or 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. Averages of total and progressive motility were statistically higher in the conventional treatment than in that defined by adding 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins but they did not differ from those obtained by adding 10% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. The best results for the hypoosmotic test and the number of live spermatozoa were obtained in the conventional treatment, and results for adding 10% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins were better than those obtained by adding 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. These results indicate that the addition of concentrated protein of the seminal plasma to the extender did not improve the cryopreservation of equine semen.

Marcus Antonio Pessanha Barreto; José Frederico Straggiotti Silva; Bruno Fagundes; José Renato Costa Caiado; Guilherme Valente de Souza; Aldo Shimoya

2008-01-01

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Evaluation of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for determining Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in bovine semen samples using a simple sample dilution method  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Um método simples e rápido para a determinação de Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se e Zn em sêmen bovino por espectrometria de massas com plasma indutivamente acoplado (q-ICP-MS) é descrito. Previamente as análises, 200 µL de amostras foram diluídas 1:50 em solução contendo Triton® X-100 (0,01% v/v) e ácido nítrico (0,5% v/v). Os limites de detecção foram de 0,3, 0,03, 0,2, 0,04, 0,04, 0,03 e 0,03 µg L-1 para 44Ca, 63Cu, 57Fe, 24Mg, 64Zn, 82Se e 55Mn, respectivament (more) e. Para efeitos de comparação e validação do método, quatro amostras de sêmen bovino foram analisadas por ICP-MS pelo método proposto e por espectrometria de absorção atômica com chama (FAAS) ou espectrometria de absorção atômica em forno de grafite (GF AAS), e não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas entre as técnicas com aplicação do teste-t (95% de confiança). Então, o método proposto foi aplicado na determinação de Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se e Zn em amostras de sêmen bovino coletadas de diferentes raças, as quais são usadas em programas de reprodução animal e inseminação artificial. Abstract in english A simple and fast method for the determination of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in bovine semen by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (q-ICP-MS) is described. Prior to analysis, samples (200 µL) were diluted 1:50 in a solution containing 0.01% v/v Triton® X-100 and 0.5% v/v nitric acid and directly analyzed by ICP-MS. The limits of detection of the method are 0.3, 0.03, 0.2, 0.04, 0.04, 0.03 and 0.03 µg L-1 for 44Ca, 63Cu, 57Fe, 24Mg, 64Zn, 82Se and 55M (more) n, respectively. For purposes of comparison and method validation, four ordinary bovine semen samples were directly analyzed by ICP-MS and by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF AAS), with no statistical difference between the techniques at the 95% level when applying the t-test. Then, the proposed method was applied in the determinations of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in collected samples of bovine semen from different breeds, which are used in reproduction programs and artificial insemination.

Aguiar, Giovanna F. M.; Batista, Bruno L.; Rodrigues, Jairo L.; Luccas, Pedro O.; Barbosa Jr., Fernando

2012-03-01

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Adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado e taxa de prenhez de ovelhas inseminadas em tempo fixo/ Addition of seminal plasma to frozen-thawed semen and pregnancy rate of fixed time inseminated ewes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Avaliou-se o efeito da adição de plasma seminal ovino ao sêmen descongelado sobre a taxa de prenhez de ovelhas em rebanho comercial. Cento e setenta e quatro ovelhas cruza Texel foram distribuídas em quatro tratamentos: T1) inseminação artificial cervical (IAC) com sêmen descongelado (SD) diluído em solução tampão fosfato salino (PBS); T2) IAC com SD e adição de plasma seminal ovino; T3) grupo-controle I: IAC com sêmen fresco diluído em PBS; T4) grupo-contr (more) ole II: inseminação artificial por laparoscopia com SD diluído em PBS. Para indução de cio, utilizaram-se esponjas impregnadas com acetato de medroxiprogesterona (MAP) por 12 dias, com aplicação intramuscular de 400 UI de eCG (Novormon®) e de 37,5µg de cloprostenol sódico (Sincrocio®), no dia da retirada das esponjas. O aparecimento de cio foi monitorado com rufiões vasectomizados a partir da retirada das esponjas até a inseminação artificial em tempo fixo - 54 a 60 horas. A taxa de prenhez do tratamento com adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado (7,0%) não diferiu (P>0,05) do tratamento sem adição de plasma (4,3%), entretanto foi menor (P Abstract in english The effect of seminal plasma addition to thawed-frozen ram semen on the pregnancy rate of commercial herd ewes was evaluated. One hundred and seventy-four crossbred Texel sheep were allocated to four treatments: T1) cervical artificial insemination (CAI) using frozen-thawed semen (FTS) diluted in phosphate buffered saline solution (PBS); T2) CAI using FTS diluted in ovine seminal plasma; T3) control group I: CAI using fresh semen diluted in PBS; T4) control group II: lapa (more) roscopic insemination using FTS diluted in PBS. Estrus induction was performed with medroxiprogesterone acetate (MAP) impregnated sponges for 12 days, followed by intramuscular injection of 400 IU of eCG (Novormon®) and 37.5µg of sodium cloprostenol (Sincrocio®) on the day of sponge removal. Estrus was monitorated with vasectomized rams, beginning at the time of the sponge removal until the fixed time artificial insemination - 54 to 60 hours. The pregnancy rate of FTS diluted in seminal plasma treatment (7.0%) did not differ (P>0.05) for the treatment without addition of seminal plasma (4.3%), however it was lower (P

Prado, O.R.; Bastos, G.M.; Monteiro, A.L.G.; Saab, B.B.; Gilaverte, S.; Pierobom, C.C.; Hentz, F.; Martins, L.H.S.; Silva, C.J.A.; Dranca, G.S.; Stivari, T.S.S.; Cerqueira, G.

2013-02-01

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Caracterização de proteínas do plasma seminal e sua relação com parâmetros de qualidade do sêmen criopreservado em ovinos Characterization of seminal plasma proteins and its relationship with quality parameters of frozen semen in ram  

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Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram analisar o perfil proteico do plasma seminal ovino e identificar proteínas relacionadas com a congelabilidade do sêmen que possam ser utilizadas como marcadores para essa característica. Foram utilizados os ejaculados de cinco reprodutores, nos quais foram realizadas avaliações espermáticas e dos quais os plasmas seminais obtidos por centrifugação foram submetidos à eletroforese bidimensional em gel de poliacrilamida. Foram identificados 92 spots, considerando todos os animais analisados. A avaliação dos dados obtidos evidenciou variações significativas nos resultados das análises do sêmen dos animais e uma variabilidade no perfil proteico no plasma seminal dos carneiros. As proteínas 03 (7,9kDa; pI 6,35), 23 (13,6kDa; pI 5,01) e 31 (21,4kDa; pI 4,75) se destacaram, por apresentarem maior expressão e relações com as características espermáticas. Sugere-se que mais estudos sejam realizados para verificar se as proteínas 03, 23 e 31 podem ser utilizadas como marcadores da capacidade criopreservadora do sêmen.The objective of this study was to analyze the protein profile of ram seminal plasma and to identify proteins associated with semen freezability, which could be used as marker for predicting this feature. Semen from five rams was used. The sperm analysis was held and the seminal plasma obtained by centrifugation was submitted to two-dimensional electrophoresis using acrylamide gel. Ninety two spots were identified considering the analyzed animals. The results showed a significant variation among sperm analysis of the animals and variability in the protein profile of the seminal plasma of the rams. The proteins 03 (7.9kDa; pI 6.35), 23 (13.6kDa; pI 5.01) e 31 (21.4kDa; pI 4.75) stood out because they showed higher expression and because of its relationship with the sperm characteristics. It is suggested more studies to verify if proteins 03, 23 and 31 could be used as markers of semen freezability.

Priscilla Pereira Moura; Maurício Machaim Franco; Thiago Antônio de Souza Nascimento Silva; Thales Lima Rocha; Diogo Ramos Leal; Pedro Ivo Braga Passos; Jairo Pereira Neves

2010-01-01

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Seminal plasma anti-Mullerian hormone level correlates with semen parameters but does not predict success of testicular sperm extraction (TESE).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To assess seminal plasma anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level relationships in fertile and infertile males. METHODS: Eighty-four male cases were studied and divided into four groups: fertile normozoospermia (n = 16), oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (n = 15), obstructive azoospermia (OA) (n = 13) and non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) (n = 40). Conventional semen analysis was done for all cases. Testicular biopsy was done with histopathology and fresh tissue examination for testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in NOA cases. NOA group was subdivided according to TESE results into unsuccessful TESE (n = 19) and successful TESE (n = 21). Seminal plasma AMH was estimated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and serum follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) was estimated in NOA cases only by radioimmunoassay (RIA). RESULTS: Mean seminal AMH was significantly higher in fertile group than in oligoasthenoteratozoospermia with significance (41.5 +/- 10.9 pmol/L vs. 30.5 +/- 10.3 pmol/L, P < 0.05). Seminal AMH was not detected in any OA patients. Seminal AMH was correlated positively with testicular volume (r = 0.329, P = 0.005), sperm count (r = 0.483, P = 0.007), sperm motility percent (r = 0.419, P = 0.021) and negatively with sperm abnormal forms percent (r = -0.413, P = 0.023). Nonsignificant correlation was evident with age (r = -0.155, P = 0.414) and plasma FSH (r = -0.014, P = 0.943). In NOA cases, seminal AMH was detectable in 23/40 cases, 14 of them were successful TESE (57.5%) and was undetectable in 17/40 cases, 10 of them were unsuccessful TESE (58.2%). CONCLUSION: Seminal plasma AMH is an absolute testicular marker being absent in all OA cases. However, seminal AMH has a poor predictability for successful testicular sperm retrieval in NOA cases.

Mostafa T; Amer MK; Abdel-Malak G; Nsser TA; Zohdy W; Ashour S; El-Gayar D; Awad HH

2007-03-01

51

Cryopreservation of crane semen  

Science.gov (United States)

The method for the cryopreservation of crane semen at Patuxent Wildlife Research Center is described in detail. Cryopreservation is useful for the long-term storage of crane semen and for specialized propagation needs. A 50% fertility rate from most sandhill cranes, Grus canadensis, inseminated with frozen-thawed semen can be expected. Additional research should improve the fertility rate and determine how applicable the technique is to other crane species.

Gee, G.F.

1991-01-01

52

Comparative analysis of blood plasma epidermal growth factor concentrations, hormonal profiles and semen parameters of fertile and infertile males.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between male reproductive function and the blood plasma level of epidermal growth factor (EGF) is of interest in the light of the role that circulating EGF appears to play in regulating mouse spermatogenesis. We measured the concentrations of EGF in the blood plasma of 39 fertile men (sperm count > 20 x 10(6)/ml) and compared them with those of 31 infertile men (sperm < 20 x 10(6)/ml). Blood plasma levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luiteinising hormone (LH), prolactin and testosterone were also determined. The infertile patients had mean blood plasma EGF concentrations of 0.75 +/- 0.10 ug/L. The value was significantly lower than that of the fertile group (1.28 +/- 0.14 ug/L; P < 0.005). There were statistically significant differences between the fertile and infertile groups in sperm count, sperm viability, mean forward progression, testosterone, LH and FSH (P values between 0.0001 and 0.023). There was no significant difference in the prolactin concentrations between the two groups. Although overall average blood plasma EGF concentrations are significantly lower in the infertile males, regression analysis failed to reveal any direct relationships among the various parameters studied. PMID:11379442

Adekunle, A O; Falase, E A; Ausmanus, M; Kopf, G S; Van-Arsdalen, K N; Teuscher, C

2000-06-01

53

Comparative analysis of blood plasma epidermal growth factor concentrations, hormonal profiles and semen parameters of fertile and infertile males.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The relationship between male reproductive function and the blood plasma level of epidermal growth factor (EGF) is of interest in the light of the role that circulating EGF appears to play in regulating mouse spermatogenesis. We measured the concentrations of EGF in the blood plasma of 39 fertile men (sperm count > 20 x 10(6)/ml) and compared them with those of 31 infertile men (sperm < 20 x 10(6)/ml). Blood plasma levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luiteinising hormone (LH), prolactin and testosterone were also determined. The infertile patients had mean blood plasma EGF concentrations of 0.75 +/- 0.10 ug/L. The value was significantly lower than that of the fertile group (1.28 +/- 0.14 ug/L; P < 0.005). There were statistically significant differences between the fertile and infertile groups in sperm count, sperm viability, mean forward progression, testosterone, LH and FSH (P values between 0.0001 and 0.023). There was no significant difference in the prolactin concentrations between the two groups. Although overall average blood plasma EGF concentrations are significantly lower in the infertile males, regression analysis failed to reveal any direct relationships among the various parameters studied.

Adekunle AO; Falase EA; Ausmanus M; Kopf GS; Van-Arsdalen KN; Teuscher C

2000-06-01

54

Las proteínas del plasma seminal incrementan la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación del semen de toros Sanmartinero  

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Full Text Available Objetivo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal sobre el porcentaje de espermatozoides bovinos viables post-descongelación. Materiales y métodos. Los espermatozoides se congelaron usando dos medios (citrato-fructosa-yema y Bioxcell®) y la obtención de proteínas de plasma seminal de bajo peso molecular se realizó por medio de cromatografía líquida de baja presión. Las proteínas de interés eluyeron en las fracciones 21-25 y se sometieron a electroforésis en una y dos dimensiones. Los espermatozoides se incubaron a 37°C durante una hora, con 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 y 2.0 mg de la fracción 21-25. Se incluyeron dos tratamientos adicionales: uno con proteínas totales del plasma seminal y otro sin proteína. Resultados. La electroforésis bidimensional de las fracciones confirmó la presencia de siete puntos de proteína de bajo peso molecular (14-16 kDa y punto Isoeléctrico de 5.0 - 5.5). La adición de estas proteínas aumentó 20% (p<0.05), el porcentaje de espermatozoides viables post-descongelación en muestras congeladas en medio citrato-fructosa-yema (con dosis de 1 ó 1.5 mg de proteína/106 espermatozoides), y 25% (p<0.05) en muestras congeladas en medio Bioxcell® (con dosis de 0.5 mg de proteína/106 espermatozoides). Conclusiones. Los resultados de esta investigación sugieren el posible uso de proteínas de bajo peso molecular del plasma seminal, para disminuir el efecto deletéreo de la criopreservación en los espermatozoides.

Fabián Rueda A.; Tatiana Garcés P.; Rocío Herrera L.; Luis Arbeláez R.; Miguel Peña J.; Henry Velásquez P.; Aureliano Hernández V.; Jaime Cardozo C.

2013-01-01

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Activity of glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase and lipid peroxidation intensity in stallion semen during storage at 5 degrees C.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sperm cell membranes are susceptible to peroxidative damage by an excess of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Antioxidative defence systems consisting of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) physiologically control the balance between ROS production and neutralization. In the present study the hypothesis was tested that lipid peroxidation occurs during storage of semen at 5 degrees C and that semen extender has positive effects on the antioxidative potential of equine semen. The aim of the study was to determine the activity of GSH-Px, SOD and CAT and the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) as an indicator of lipid peroxidation in native semen and after addition of extender, cooling and storage. Semen was collected from fertile Shetland stallions. In experiment 1, activity of antioxidative enzymes was determined immediately after semen collection and after 24 h storage at 5 degrees C. Enzyme activities were measured in native semen, semen diluted with semen extender, spermatozoa resuspended after centrifugation in extender and 0.9% NaCl as well as in undiluted and extender-diluted seminal plasma. In experiment 2, TBARS concentrations were analysed during storage of semen at 5 degrees C for 24 h. Semen storage for 24 h at 5 degrees C did not change activity of the examined enzymes. Antioxidative activity was significantly higher in extended than in native semen as well as in extended plasma than in undiluted plasma. In conclusion, the addition of semen extender increases the antioxidative activity in seminal plasma of stallions. Basal antioxidative activity in native semen as well as increased activity in extended semen are maintained over 24 h storage at 5 degrees C. TBARS content did not increase during semen storage. In conclusion, lipid peroxidation does not increase substantially during semen storage. The enzymatic antioxidative activity in semen apparently prevents ROS formation and is further increased by addition of semen extender.

Kankofer M; Kolm G; Aurich J; Aurich C

2005-03-01

56

Reproduction in nondomestic birds: Physiology, semen collection, artificial insemination and cryopreservation  

Science.gov (United States)

Pioneering work by Quinn and Burrows in the late 1930s led to successful artificial insemination (AI) programs in the domestic poultry industry. A variety of species specific modifications to the Quinn and Burrows massage technique made AI possible in nondomestic birds. Massage semen collection and insemination techniques span the entire range of species from sparrows to ostriches. Also, cooperative semen collection and electroejaculation have found limited use in some nondomestic species. Artificial insemination produces good fertility, often exceeding fertility levels in naturally copulating populations. However, aviculturists should explore other ways to improve fertility before resorting to AI. Artificial insemination is labor intensive and may pose risks to nondomestic birds as well as handlers associated with capture and insemination. Semen collection and AI makes semen cryopreservation and germ plasma preservation possible. Yet, semen cryopreservation techniques need improvement before fertility with frozen-thawed semen will equal fertility from AI with fresh semen.

Gee, G.F.; Bertschinger, H.; Donoghue, A.M.; Blanco, J.; Soley, J.

2004-01-01

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Use of chromatin stability assay, mitochondrial stain JC-1, and fluorometric assessment of plasma membrane to evaluate frozen-thawed ram semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cryopreservation of semen imposes deleterious effects on spermatozoa, either killing a certain proportion of cells or causing subtle damages on sperm function in the surviving population, changes not easily revealed by conventional assays. We have tested three functional assessment techniques in frozen-thawed ram semen from six adult rams, cryopreserved following eight different protocols (four extenders, and glycerol being added at two temperatures). Semen samples were thawed and the following analyses were carried out: motility (CASA), membrane integrity (Hoescht 33258 and fluorometry), chromatin status (chromatin stability test and fluorescence-assisted cell sorting, FACS) and mitochondrial activity (JC-1 and FACS). Fluorometry outcome did not correlate with the other parameters and showed large variation, albeit discriminating among cryopreservation techniques (P < 0.01). Mitochondrial activity correlated, but with low values, with total and progressive motility. However, good sperm motility and high velocity values were associated to high mitochondrial membrane potential. The chromatin stability assay was also successfully carried out, and had a good relationship with male factor (%COMP alpha(t) and SD alpha(t) parameters). In conclusion, fluorometric assessment of membrane integrity albeit rendering poor results, merits improvement, being a low-cost and handy technique, especially for work in the field. On the other hand, both assessments of chromatin stability and mitochondrial status (JC-1 staining), combined with FACS, are reliable techniques that can be used for the functional assessment of frozen-thawed ram semen.

Martinez-Pastor F; Johannisson A; Gil J; Kaabi M; Anel L; Paz P; Rodriguez-Martinez H

2004-08-01

58

Use of chromatin stability assay, mitochondrial stain JC-1, and fluorometric assessment of plasma membrane to evaluate frozen-thawed ram semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cryopreservation of semen imposes deleterious effects on spermatozoa, either killing a certain proportion of cells or causing subtle damages on sperm function in the surviving population, changes not easily revealed by conventional assays. We have tested three functional assessment techniques in frozen-thawed ram semen from six adult rams, cryopreserved following eight different protocols (four extenders, and glycerol being added at two temperatures). Semen samples were thawed and the following analyses were carried out: motility (CASA), membrane integrity (Hoescht 33258 and fluorometry), chromatin status (chromatin stability test and fluorescence-assisted cell sorting, FACS) and mitochondrial activity (JC-1 and FACS). Fluorometry outcome did not correlate with the other parameters and showed large variation, albeit discriminating among cryopreservation techniques (P < 0.01). Mitochondrial activity correlated, but with low values, with total and progressive motility. However, good sperm motility and high velocity values were associated to high mitochondrial membrane potential. The chromatin stability assay was also successfully carried out, and had a good relationship with male factor (%COMP alpha(t) and SD alpha(t) parameters). In conclusion, fluorometric assessment of membrane integrity albeit rendering poor results, merits improvement, being a low-cost and handy technique, especially for work in the field. On the other hand, both assessments of chromatin stability and mitochondrial status (JC-1 staining), combined with FACS, are reliable techniques that can be used for the functional assessment of frozen-thawed ram semen. PMID:15302392

Martinez-Pastor, F; Johannisson, A; Gil, J; Kaabi, M; Anel, L; Paz, P; Rodriguez-Martinez, H

2004-08-01

59

EFECTO DE LA ADICIÓN DE PLASMA SEMINAL SOBRE LA ELIMINACIÓN DE GOTAS CITOPLÁSMICAS EN SEMEN DE SUS SCROFA LINAEUS, 1758/ EFFECTS OF ADITION OF SE MINAL PLASMA ON THE ELIMINATION OF CYTOPLASMIC DROPLETS IN OF SUS SCROFA LINAEUS, 1758 BOAR SEMEN  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Las gotas citoplásmicas (GCs) son remanentes del citoplasma que quedan adheridos al espermatozoide después de la espermatogénesis, constituyen la anormalidad espermática más frecuente en porcinos, y se relacionan claramente con baja fertilidad. Hay serios indicios de que la fructosa y el AMPc del plasma seminal intervienen en la maduración espermática, en el desprendimiento de las GCs, y en la reacción acrosómica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el e (more) fecto de la adición de plasma seminal, en el desprendimiento de las GCs en machos con diagnóstico de persistencia de las mismas. En el estudio se emplearon tres verracos (dos con persistencia de GCs y uno normal) de tres a cinco años de edad, alojados en la granja Montelindo de la Universidad de Caldas; a los cuales se les realizaron análisis seminales semanales, completos, durante cuatro meses. Se llevó a cabo un arreglo factorial 3x3x2 (adición a la FR de los machos con persistencia de GCs de 0%, 20% de PSMS y 20% de PSMGCs; 0, 60 y 120 minutos de incubación, y 16 y 37ºC de temperaturas de incubación) en un diseño de bloques completos al azar, analizado mediante análisis de varianza y prueba de Tukey. La incubación del semen de machos con persistencia de GCs con PSMGCs redujo más del 4% las GCs respecto a la incubación sin PS y con PSMS; igualmente se registró reducción de aproximadamente el 5% en las GCs, al aumentar el tiempo de incubación de 0 a 120 minutos, y alrededor de 2% al llevar la temperatura de incubación de 16 a 37ºC. Abstract in english The cytoplasmic droplets (CDs) are remnants of the cytoplasm that are attached to the sperm after spermatogenesis. CDs constitute the most frequent sperm abnormality in pigs and are clearly related to low fertility. There are serious indications that fructose and the seminal plasma AMPc are involved in sperm maturation in the CDs detachment and in the acrosome reaction. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the addition of seminal plasma in the CDs det (more) achment in males with diagnosis of persistence of such detachment. Three boars (two with persistence of CDs and one normal) from three to five years of age, housed in the Montelindo farm at Universidad de Caldas were used in the study. These boars were performed complete seminal analysis weekly during four months. A factorial arrangement 3x3x2 (addition to the males FR with CDs persistence of 0%, 20% of SPHM and 20% of SPMCDs; 0, 60 and 120 minutes incubation, and 16, and 37ºC incubation temperature) was carried out in a randomized complete blocks design, analyzed through variance analysis and Tukey's test. Incubation of males semen with persistence of CDs with SPMCDs decreased more than 4% the CDS with regards to incubation without SP and SPHM; similarly, there was reduction of approximately 5% in CDs when increasing incubation time from 0 to 120 minutes, and about 2% when increasing incubation temperature from 16 to 37ºC.

Henao Uribe, Francisco Javier; Valencia Giraldo, Julián Alonso; Díaz Franco, Orlando; Rangel Sierra, Marcos Yesid

2011-12-01

60

A prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study of the effect of saffron (Crocus sativus Linn.) on semen parameters and seminal plasma antioxidant capacity in infertile men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Male factor infertility is a multifactorial disorder that affects a significant percentage of infertile couples; however, many of them remained untreated. In recent years, considerable numbers of infertile men have sought 'herbal remedies' as an effective treatment. Among 'herbal remedies', saffron is recommended for male infertility in our community. The effect of saffron was evaluated compared with placebo for the treatment of idiopathic male factor infertility. The study included 260 infertile men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) who were randomized to saffron 60?mg/day (130, group 1) or a similar regimen of placebo (130, group 2) for 26 weeks. The two groups were compared for changes in semen parameters and total seminal plasma antioxidant capacity. Saffron administration did not result in beneficial effects. At the end of the study no statistically significant improvements were observed in either group in any of the studied semen parameters (sperm density, morphology and motility) (all p = 0.1). At the end of the trial, patients in group 1 had a mean motility of 25.7 ± 2.4%, which was not statistically different from the mean of 24.9 ± 2.8% in the placebo group (p = 0.1). Normal sperm morphology was 18.7 ± 4.7% and 18.4 ± 4.3%, in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p = 0.1). Patients treated with saffron and placebo had a mean sperm density of 20.5 ± 4.6% and 21.4 ± 4.6% per mL, respectively (p = 0.1). Saffron administration did not improve total seminal plasma antioxidant capacity, compared with baseline (p = 0.1) and placebo subjects (p = 0.1). Based on Pearson correlations, each semen parameter did not correlate significantly with treatment duration, including sperm density (r = 0.146, p = 0.13), percent of motile sperm (r = 0.145, p = 0.15) and percent of sperm with normal morphology (r = 0.125, p = 0.30). Saffron does not statistically significantly improve semen parameters in infertile men with idiopathic OAT. If medical professionals want to prescribe herbal remedies for male infertility, previous rigorous scientific investigations, documenting their safety and efficacy are required.

Safarinejad MR; Shafiei N; Safarinejad S

2011-04-01

 
 
 
 
61

Increase in post-thaw viability by adding seminal plasma proteins to Sanmartinero and Zebu sperm/ Incremento en la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación por la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal a semen de toros Sanmartinero y Cebú/ Aumento da viabilidade espermática pós-descongelamento, com a adição de proteínas do plasma seminal de sêmen de touros das raças Sanmartinero e Zebu  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Antecedentes: a criopreservação diminui a viabilidade espermática abaixo de um 50%. Objetivo: o objetivo desta pesquisa foi determinar o efeito da adição de proteínas do plasma seminal na viabilidade espermática pós-descongelamento de sêmen de touros das raças Sanmartinero y Zebú. Métodos: coletou-se sêmen de 10 touros de cada raça, as amostras do plasma seminal foram submetidas à eletroforese bidimensional, para estabelecer a relação entre a quantidade r (more) elativa de cada ponto de proteína e a viabilidade espermática. Ao serem identificados os pontos, o plasma seminal também foi submetido ao processo de cromatografia por exclusão para separar a fração que continha as proteínas. A fração foi adicionada nas doses de 0,5, 1,0, 1,5 y 2,0 mg, amostras de 1 x 106 espermatozoides, em descongelamento e incubados à temperatura de 37 ° C durante 1 hora, para determinar o efeito na viabilidade pós-descongelamento. Os espermatozoides foram congelados utilizando dois meios (Citrato- frutose-gema e Bioxcell®). Resultados: encontrou-se um ponto de proteína (16,20 kDa, ponto Isoelétrico 5,5) no plasma de touro Sanmartinero, que correlacionou (r=0,64 p Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: la criopreservación disminuye la viabilidad espermática por debajo del 50%. Objetivo: el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar el efecto de la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal sobre la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación de semen de toros Sanmartinero y Cebú. Métodos: se colectó semen de 10 toros de cada raza, y el plasma seminal se sometió a electroforesis bidimensional, para establecer la relación entre la cantidad relativ (more) a de cada punto de proteína y la viabilidad espermática. Identificados dichos puntos, el plasma seminal se sometió a cromatografía de exclusión para separar la fracción que contenía estas proteínas. Esta se adicionó en dosis de 0,5, 1,0, 1,5 y 2,0 mg, a muestras de 1 x 10(6) espermatozoides, descongelados e incubados a 37 °C durante 1 hora, para determinar su efecto en la viabilidad post-descongelación. Los espermatozoides se congelaron usando dos medios (citrato-fructosa-yema y Bioxcell®). Resultados: se encontró un punto de proteína (16,20 kDa, punto Isoeléctrico 5,5) en plasma de toros Sanmartinero, que correlacionó (r = 0,64 p Abstract in english Background: cryopreservation decreases sperm viability by approximately 50%. Objective: the objective of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of seminal plasma proteins on post-thawing sperm viability in Sanmartinero and Zebu semen. Methods: semen samples from 10 bulls of each breed were used, and seminal plasma was subjected to two-dimensional electrophoresis to establish the relationship between the relative amount of each protein spot and sperm viabil (more) ity. Then, seminal plasma was subjected to exclusion chromatography to separate the fraction containing these proteins. This fraction was added in doses of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg, to 1 x 10(6). Sperm was thawed and incubated at 37 °C for 1 h to determine its effect on postthaw viability. Sperm were frozen using two media (citrate-fructose-yolk and Bioxcell®). Results: we found one protein spot (16.20 kDa, PI 5.5) in Sanmartinero seminal plasma that correlated (r = 0.64 p

Rueda, Fabián L; Herrera, Rocío F; Arbeláez, Luis F; Garcés, Tatiana; Velasquez, Henry; Peña, Miguel A; Cardozo, Jaime A

2013-06-01

62

Frozen Turkey Semen  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Semen samples from Bronze turkeys, extended with Brown's buffer and antibiotics, and protected with combinations of ethylene glycol-glycerol and N,N-dimethylacetamide-glycerol were frozen at the rate of 8°C per minute down to -196°C. Similar treatments were used as controls. Five White virgin hens w...

Macpherson, J. W.; Chatterjee, S.; Friars, G. W.

63

Reduction of concentrate for bovine sires: Influence on metabolic status and semen quality under production conditions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effects of reduced concentrate fed in rations of Holstein Friesian bulls for artificial insemination was evaluated with respect to metabolic status, sexual behaviour, semen production and semen quality during one year. In the first of two studies, twenty bulls were fed diets based on hay, green forage and concentrate according to the standard nutrient requirements for dairy cattle in artificial insemination centres. Bulls were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n = 10, control, 5 kg concentrate) and Group 2 (n = 10, experimental, 1 kg concentrate). Feed, blood semen samples were taken for bromatological analysis, metabolic profile and semen evaluation, respectively. Group 2 had lower plasma concentrations of urea (P

1993-10-01

64

Value of semen parameters, with special reference to TNF-?, in predicting the quality of boar semen after short-term storage.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to address the question whether changes in boar semen quality after short-term storage could be predicted on the basis of standard semen parameters and TNF-? level determined on the day of semen collection under commercial conditions. Progressive motility showed the highest positive correlation with morphology on day 0 of collection, and progressive motility on day 3 (P < 0.05) showed a negative correlation with acrosome abnormalities (P < 0.05). According to the area under receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves (AUCs), progressive motility could also be used in predicting semen quality after 3 days of storage (AUC > 0.5; P < 0.05). TNF-? in seminal plasma is the only parameter measured on day 0 to show a significant correlation with the percentage of viable spermatozoa after 3 days of semen storage (r = 0.495, P < 0.05). ROC analysis shows that TNF-? level is helpful in discriminating viability outcome after semen storage (AUC = 0.94, P < 0.001). We can predict with 92.35% certainty that fresh semen samples with more than 150 pg/ml of TNF-? in the seminal plasma will retain more than 85% of viable spermatozoa after 3 days of storage. Thus, TNF-? can contribute to predicting the quality of short-term stored semen.

Mrkun J; Kosec M; Zrimšek P

2013-06-01

65

Value of semen parameters, with special reference to TNF-?, in predicting the quality of boar semen after short-term storage.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to address the question whether changes in boar semen quality after short-term storage could be predicted on the basis of standard semen parameters and TNF-? level determined on the day of semen collection under commercial conditions. Progressive motility showed the highest positive correlation with morphology on day 0 of collection, and progressive motility on day 3 (P semen quality after 3 days of storage (AUC > 0.5; P < 0.05). TNF-? in seminal plasma is the only parameter measured on day 0 to show a significant correlation with the percentage of viable spermatozoa after 3 days of semen storage (r = 0.495, P < 0.05). ROC analysis shows that TNF-? level is helpful in discriminating viability outcome after semen storage (AUC = 0.94, P < 0.001). We can predict with 92.35% certainty that fresh semen samples with more than 150 pg/ml of TNF-? in the seminal plasma will retain more than 85% of viable spermatozoa after 3 days of storage. Thus, TNF-? can contribute to predicting the quality of short-term stored semen. PMID:23661389

Mrkun, Janko; Kosec, Marjan; Zrimšek, Petra

2013-06-01

66

Markers of semen inflammation: supplementary semen analysis?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Understanding semen markers of inflammation is important for the diagnostic-therapeutic management of male infertility, particularly in patients with male accessory gland infection (MAGI). The aim of this article was to describe the major pathophysiological elements through which inflammation negatively affects sperm parameters. Inflammation may affect reproduction through one or more of the following mechanisms: anatomical alteration of the male accessory gland (e.g., obstruction or sub-obstruction); functional alteration of the male accessory gland, i.e., by inhibiting the production of adequate amounts of nutrients and/or by releasing compounds such as radical oxygen species (ROS) and cytokines that alter the microenvironment in which spermatozoa develop and mature; and/or direct negative effects on the spermatozoa (germ-spermatozoa interaction).

La Vignera S; Condorelli RA; Vicari E; Tumino D; Morgia G; Favilla V; Cimino S; Calogero AE

2013-07-01

67

Between male variation in semen characteristics and preliminary results on the dilution of semen in the ostrich  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english This study is part of an ongoing project on artificial insemination in ostriches. The physical output of neat semen from four ostrich males was investigated and the effect of reconstituting semen with: 1) seminal plasma of the same male (SPS); 2) seminal plasma of another male (SPD), and 3) Dulbecco's Modified Eagles Medium (DMEM). Semen was collected daily from one or two pairs of males using the dummy female method, each pair being replicated twice. Spermatozoa viabilit (more) y in neat semen, SPS, SPD and DMEM was assessed using nigrosin-eosin staining and the proportions of live normal, live abnormal and dead sperm were determined. Semen volume (mean ± SE) was 1.27 ± 0.13 mL, the concentration of spermatozoa 3.68 ± 0.17 x 10(9) /mL and the number of spermatozoa 4.92 ± 0.64 x 10(9) /ejaculate. Furthermore, the live normal, live abnormal and dead spermatozoa in the neat semen were 61.2 ± 4.5%, 21.2 ± 2.7% and 17.7 ± 4.3% respectively. The ejaculate volume and the number of dead spermatozoa were not affected by collection time. However, the number of live abnormal spermatozoa increased through the day causing a reduction in live normal spermatozoa. Furthermore, re-suspending spermatozoa in DMEM reduced the number of live normal (31.4 ± 4.6%) and live abnormal spermatozoa (11.0 ± 2.7%) and increased the number of dead spermatozoa (57.6 ± 4.4%). In contrast, numbers of live spermatozoa were higher when suspended in seminal plasma and similar in SPS (53.9 ± 4.6%) and SPD (50.7 ± 4.6%). These are the first crucial steps to determining the optimum semen collection time and to improving the viability of diluted spermatozoa.

Bonato, M.; Rybnik, P.K.; Malecki, I.A.; Cornwallis, C.K.; Cloete, S.W.P.

2010-01-01

68

Hepatitis C virus detection in the semen of infected patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Though HCV infection is a serious public health problem, some aspects of its biology are still not well understood, such as its transmission through seminal fluid and sexual transmission. We looked for HCV in the semen of infected patients. Thirteen patients were included. Semen fractions (seminal plasma, leukocytes and spermatozoa) were separated with 45% and 90% Percoll gradients. The HCV-RNA in blood and semen fractions was extracted using the same protocol (AMPLICOR R (more) oche) and was detected using the qualitative Roche Amplicor test and by agarose gel electrophoresis, with ethidium bromide staining. The mean age of the patients was 40.7 years. Risk factors for the acquisition of HCV included injectable and inhaled drug use in six (42.8%), blood transfusion in four (28.6%), and no risk factors in four (28.6%) patients. Genotype 1 was detected in 62% of the patients, followed by genotype 3 in 23% and genotype 2 in 15%. All blood samples were positive, regardless of the technique used for detection. All semen samples identified by Roche Amplicor and analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis were negative. Among the 52 semen samples (total and fractions) identified by the Roche Amplicor method, 45 (87%) were inhibited. A negative result was recorded for one (1.9%) total semen sample, one (1.9%) leukocyte and four (7.7%) seminal plasma fractions. Only one (1.9%) sample of the spermatozoon fraction was positive. The results obtained suggested false-negative reactions for the semen samples.

Cavalheiro, Norma de Paula; Santos, Ana Carolina de Oliveira; Melo, Carlos Eduardo; Morimitsu, Suzana Rie; Barone, Antonio Alci

2008-10-01

69

Advances in Boar Semen Cryopreservation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper highlights aspects of the cryopreservation of boar semen, a species with particular large, fractionated ejaculates, and a cumbersome cryotechnology that had prevented its commercial application. With the dramatic increase of use of liquid pig semen for artificial breeding over the ...

Rodriguez-Martinez, Heriberto; Wallgren, Margareta

70

Banking North American buffalo semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to develop a procedure to collect and preserve semen from wood bison (Bison bison athabascae) and plains bison (Bison bison bison). Semen samples from three wood and three plains bison bulls were collected by electroejaculation from June through October. In addition, sperm was collected from the cauda epididymis of seven plains bison. Semen was cryopreserved using two commercially available cryopreservation media, an egg yolk-based medium (Triladyl), and a medium free of products of animal origin (Andromed). Sperm morphology and motility were recorded on fresh and post-thawed semen samples. Total sperm motility was not different between plains and wood bison for the months of June (50%), July (69%) and October (54%). However, total sperm motility for wood bison was higher (Pelectroejaculation to collect high quality bison semen, and cryopreserved it for future needs. PMID:19181375

Lessard, C; Danielson, J; Rajapaksha, K; Adams, G P; McCorkell, R

2009-02-01

71

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOME ENZYMES ACTIVITY, SPERM MORPHOLOGY AND STALLION SEMEN QUALITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The sperm morphology is one of the factors determining semen quality besidessperm motility and concentration. An important role in this aspect plays someenzymes which are estimated in raw semen plasma. The examination of numerouspopulations of stallions of different breeds and age performed by Kosiniak-Kamyszet al. (2005) showed that significant differences occurred between stallion semenquality concerning both macro- and microscopic examination and some enzymesactivity. It was found that aspartate aminotranspherase (AspAT), lactatedehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity and total proteinamount (TP) in raw seminal plasma decreased when the percent of sperms withcytoplasmatic droplets increased. The increase of these enzymes activity is observedwith the increase of the number of loose heads. These observations showed thatmany examined factors of the semen and semen plasma decided on its quality and onthis reason that these factors need to be applied for seminological diagnosis

PODSTAWSKI Z.; KOSINIAK-KAMYSZ K.; BITTMAR A.

2007-01-01

72

TRIHALOMETHANE LEVELS AND SEMEN QUALITY  

Science.gov (United States)

Trihalomethanes (THMs) are common byproducts of chlorinating drinking water. The effects of disinfection byproducts on semen quality have not yet been studied in humans, despite animal studies linking exposure to sperm abnormalities. We are currently analyzing the relationship of...

73

Dark-coloured semen in nonobstructive azoospermia: a report of four cases.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Dark-coloured semen is rarely observed in men with nonobstructive azoospermia in absence of genital tract bleeding. Dark-coloured semen is also observed rarely in men with spinal cord injury with or without genital tract bleeding. However, this condition has not been reported in the literature in absence of genital tract bleeding or spinal cord injury. Here, we report men with nonobstructive azoospermia with dark-coloured semen and without genital tract bleeding or spinal cord injury. The study included four subjects with dark-coloured semen. All the samples first investigated for the presence of red blood cells as well as haemoglobin. All the cases were examined in details with seminal, hormonal and genetic parameters. In addition, an elemental electron microscopy and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry evaluation for heavy metals was performed. The semen parameters showed normal volume, pH, leucocyte count and azoospermia or oligoazoospermia. Dark-coloured semen specimens contained neither red blood cells nor haeme pigment. Electron microscopy showed presence of platinum in all the cases, whereas inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry revealed increased levels of lead, manganese and nickel in serum as compared to controls. The results indicate dark-coloured semen may be linked with heavy metals found in seminal cells.

Halder A; Jain M; Chaudhary I; Kumar G; Das T; Gupta YK

2013-02-01

74

Cryopreservation of American kestrel semen with dimethylsulfoxide  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen samples from 15 male American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) were frozen in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The semen was thawed 1-14 mo later and used to inseminate six females during three breeding seasons. Kestrels inseminated with thawed semen containing 4% DMSO produced only infertile eggs (N = 14). Kestrels inseminated with thawed semen containing 6%, 8%, or 10% DMSO produced fertile eggs (N = 14) and live chicks (N = 6). Progressive motility of spermatozoa in thawed semen containing 10% DMSO was less (44 ? 6%) than in thawed semen containing 6% (62 ? 10%) or 8% (61 ? 1%) DMSO.

Gee, G. F.; Morrell, C. A.; Franson, J.C.; Pattee, O. H.

1993-01-01

75

Effect of dietary parsley (Petroselinium crispum) supplementation on semen quality of local Iraqi ganders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with different levels of parsley on semen quality of local Iraqi ganders. A total of thirty two local ganders were used in this study during the period from beginning of February to the end of April. The ganders were allocated for 4 treatment groups containing 8 ganders each. Treatment groups were as follows: Control diet (free from parsley), T1: Control diet + 80 g/d parsley, T2: Control diet + 160 g/d parsley; T3: Control diet + 240 g/d parsley. Semen samples were collected twice a week fortnightly from each gander by dorsal-abdominal message method. First semen collection was used to evaluate semen volume, sperm concentration, live in total sperm, live and normal morphology sperm, semen quality factor, sperm motility, abnormal sperm, acrosomal abnormalities, spermatocrit and pH of semen. However, the second semen collection was used for determine seminal plasma concentrations of glucose, protein, cholesterol & activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzymes. Results revealed that feeding diets containing different levels of parsley (T1, T2, and T3) resulted in significant (P<0.05) increase in semen volume, sperm concentration, live and normal morphology sperm, semen quality factor, sperm motility, spermatocrit and seminal plasma activity of ALP enzyme and significant (P< 0.05) decrease in abnormal sperm and acrosomal abnormalities and seminal plasma concentrations of glucose, protein, and cholesterol and seminal plasma activities of AST and ALT enzymes as compared with control group. There was no significant difference in pH of semen among the control and experimental groups (C, T1, T2, and T3). In conclusion, dietary supplementation with different levels of parsley especially at the level of 240 g/d (T3) caused significant improve- ment with relation to semen traits. So, parsley can be used as an effective tool for improve semen quality of ganders.

Hazim J. Al-Daraji,; H. A. Al-Mashadani,; H. A. Mirza,; W. K. Al-Hayani,; A. S. Al-Hassani

2011-01-01

76

Banking North American buffalo semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to develop a procedure to collect and preserve semen from wood bison (Bison bison athabascae) and plains bison (Bison bison bison). Semen samples from three wood and three plains bison bulls were collected by electroejaculation from June through October. In addition, sperm was collected from the cauda epididymis of seven plains bison. Semen was cryopreserved using two commercially available cryopreservation media, an egg yolk-based medium (Triladyl), and a medium free of products of animal origin (Andromed). Sperm morphology and motility were recorded on fresh and post-thawed semen samples. Total sperm motility was not different between plains and wood bison for the months of June (50%), July (69%) and October (54%). However, total sperm motility for wood bison was higher (P<0.05) than plains bison for the months of August and September (August: 80% vs 55%; September: 73% vs 40%). Plains and wood bison did not differ in mean total and mean progressive motility (35 and 15%, respectively) of frozen-thawed sperm samples. The post-thaw motility of Triladyl-treated sperm was higher (P<0.05) than Andromed-treated sperm (35% vs 13%, respectively). Interestingly, post-thawed epididymal spermatozoa had higher total motility (P<0.05) than post-thawed electroejaculated sperm when cryopreserved with a medium free of products of animal origin (Andromed; 35% vs 9%, respectively). In conclusion, we used electroejaculation to collect high quality bison semen, and cryopreserved it for future needs.

Lessard C; Danielson J; Rajapaksha K; Adams GP; McCorkell R

2009-04-01

77

Efficiency of short-term storage of equine semen in a simple-design cooling system.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Five experiments tested the efficiency of a simple, low-cost system (CP) for cooling and storing equine semen at 2.0 degrees C for 24 h and 48 h. Pantaneiro stallions of known fertility were used. Semen quality was evaluated for progressive motility (PM), plasma membrane integrity (PMI), and pregnancy rate. Experiment 1 showed that PM and PMI were similar between CP and the control (Equitainer) in cooled semen. In Experiment 2, the influence was evaluated of combinations (four treatments) of two volumes (50/100 ml) and two sperm concentrations (500/750x10(6)) on sperm quality of semen cooled and preserved by CP (cooling system replaced at 24 h). While PM decreased gradually from before cooling to 24 h and 48 h, PMI decreased only at the least and greatest sperm volume and concentrations. Storage time did not affect PMI. Results from Experiment 3 showed that CP maintained semen PM>or=30% in all samples 24 h after cooling and decreased to about 70% 42 h after cooling. Results from Experiments 4 and 5 confirmed semen quality after cooling and storage (24 h and 48 h, respectively), achieving a 69% pregnancy rate in the first estrous cycle when insemination occurred. Thus, the CP system is satisfactory for cooling and preserving equine semen for up to 48 h.

Nunes DB; Zorzatto JR; Costa e Silva EV; Zúccari CE

2008-03-01

78

Histochemical demonstration of zinc ions in ejaculated human semen  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A revised in-vitro technique for autometallographic demonstration of chelatable zinc in the human ejaculate is presented, and the localization of the loosely bound pool of zinc ions is described in semen smears and at the ultrastructural level. In semen smears, black autometallographic (AMG) grains indicated the presence of zinc ions dispersed between the spermatozoa. These AMG grains have the same size as grains associated with the sperm tail and may have the same origin. EM analysis of AMG-developed smears fixed in osmium suggested that the detected zinc ions might be related to huge protein molecules present in semen and adhering to the surface of the spermatozoa. Spermatozoa in AMG-stained smears exhibited zinc ions in the midpiece and head, and also joined to the membrane of the tail. Washed spermatozoa exhibited zinc ions only within the midpiece. Ultrastructurally, they were found located in the helecine mitochondria. A few grains were found in the acrosome of the washed spermatozoa. Treatment with thechelating agent DEDTC resulted in complete bleaching of the zinc staining. These findings and the fact that calcium EDTA acid blocks the plasma and surface staining, but not the acrosomal and mitochondrial staining, suggest that chelatable zinc ions exist in two separate pools in human semen.

Stoltenberg, M; SØrensen, M B

1997-01-01

79

[Semen quality and sperm ultrastructure in infertile men with varicocele].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To examine and analyze semen quality and sperm ultrastructural characteristics of infertile patients with varicocele. METHODS: This study included 118 infertile patients with varicocele (the VC group) and 76 normal semen donors (the control group). We obtained routine semen parameters, seminal plasma biochemical markers and the levels of reproductive hormones in the subjects, and observed the changes in sperm structure under the scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control, the VC patients showed significantly decreased sperm concentration, sperm progressive motility, sperm viability (P < 0.05), but no remarkable difference in semen volume and non-progressive motility (P > 0.05). The concentrations of zinc and alpha-glycoside enzyme in the seminal plasma were markedly reduced in the VC group in comparison with the controls (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in the level of fructose (P > 0.05), nor in such seminal plasma biochemical markers as FSH, LH, T and E2 between the two groups (P > 0.05). The percentage of morphologically normal sperm was dramatically lower in the VC than in the control group ([56.76 +/- 15.32]% vs [12.34 +/- 6.58]%, P < 0.05), and the sperm deformities were mostly in the head and neck, mainly tapering pin head accompanied by complex abnormal differentiation. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that VC may lead to oligo-astheno-terato zoospermia, and hence male infertility, which may be attributed to the changes of seminal plasma microenvironment and sperm ultrastructure.

Ma HG; Zhao WJ; Lu HK

2013-08-01

80

Stainless steel welding and semen quality  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Questionnaire studies of patients from fertility clinics suggest that welders may have an increased risk of reduced semen quality. In this study, welders and nonwelders from the same plants were asked to provide blood, urine, and semen samples. Urine was analyzed for chromium and nickel, and for mutagenic activity and metal concentration; blood for metal concentrations, immunoglobulin G, total protein, and measures of genotoxicity in lymphocytes; and semen was evaluated by standard semen analysis. Results of the semen evaluation, presented here, showed no difference in semen quality between welders and nonwelders. Because the metal dust exposure of nonwelders in the plant may be higher than that in the general population, welders were also compared to referents not working in the metal industry. Again, no decrease in semen quality associated with welding was demonstrated.

Jelnes, J.E.; Knudsen, L.E. (Department of Biology and Toxicology, Danish National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen (Denmark))

1988-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Alpaca semen quality in relation to different diets.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the biochemical composition of seminal plasma, along with semen quality, of alpacas maintained on different diets (hay; hay+pasture grazing; pasture grazing+sheep concentrate; pasture grazing+horse concentrate; Periods 1-4, respectively). Alpacas (n=5) were fed the four different diets for a period of 6 weeks each. During the period of feeding of each diet, semen was collected using an artificial vagina to determine its volume, viscosity, sperm concentration and sperm motility. Moreover, testicular volume and body condition score were evaluated. Seminal plasma was analysed biochemically to measure total protein, triglyceride, cholesterol, ?-glutamyl transferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase levels. Protein profiles were investigated using one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. There was high variability in semen parameters between different males maintained on the same diet. Semen volume increased significantly (P<0.05) when alpacas were fed diets containing commercial sheep and horse concentrates. In contrast, sperm concentration and motility decreased significantly (P<0.05) from Period 1 to Period 4. Dietary changes had no effect on viscosity. Significant reductions were seen in triglyceride and cholesterol content, as well as ?-glutamyl transferase, ALT and alkaline phosphatase concentrations, from Period 1 to Period 4. Regardless of experimental period, a wide variation was seen in seminal plasma enzyme concentrations between alpacas, whereas diet had no effect on glucose and total protein concentrations in the seminal plasma. Eight protein bands, with molecular weights ranging from 200 to 14kDa, were considered in electrophoresis gel after image analysis. Proteins fractions of the 14-kDa (total protein express in mddL(-1) with a molecular weight of 14-kDa, TP8) and 21-kDa (total protein express in mddL(-1) with a molecular weight of 21-kDa, TP7) bands were not present in all samples of alpaca seminal plasma. There were no significant changes in the concentration of any protein fractions during the four periods. Moreover, the protein fraction of the 60-kDa (total protein express in mddL(-1) with a molecular weight of 60-kDa, TP3) band was the most prevalent in all periods. These results demonstrate that there are marked changes in semen quality, as well as some parameters related to the composition of alpaca seminal plasma, that are dependent on diet, which may indicate the need for specific diet formulation to improve reproductive performance. We hypothesise that, in alpacas, the mechanisms underlying the changes in some reproductive traits in response to feeding regimens could be related to changes in the endocrine-gonadal system.

Juyena NS; Vencato J; Pasini G; Vazzana I; Stelletta C

2013-01-01

82

The Effect of Semen Storage Temperature and Diluent Type on the Sperm Quality Index of Broiler Breeder Semen  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The sperm quality index (SQI) is predictive of fresh semen quality. Our objective was to examine if semen storage affects the SQI obtained from undiluted semen, or semen diluted with either Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender (BPSE) or Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) and held for 8 h at 4, 21, or ...

P.R. Dumpala; H.M. Parker; C.D. Mc Daniel

83

Effect of cryopreservation on sperm parameters, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity in fowl semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of chicken semen cryopreservation on sperm parameters, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activities. Pooled semen from 10 Black Minorca roosters was used in the study. Semen samples were subjected to cryopreservation using the "pellet" method and dimethylacetamide (DMA) as a cryoprotectant. In the fresh and the frozen-thawed semen sperm membrane integrity (SYBR-14/propidium iodide (PI)), acrosomal damage (PNA-Alexa Fluor(®)488) and mitochondrial activity (Rhodamine 123) were assessed using flow cytometry. Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined in sperm cells and seminal plasma by spectrophotometry. All sperm characteristics evaluated using flow cytometry were affected by cryopreservation. After freezing-thawing, there was significant (P < 0.01) reduction in sperm membrane integrity, sperm acrosome integrity and mitochondrial activity. Following cryopreservation, MDA concentration significantly increased in chicken seminal plasma and spermatozoa (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The CAT activity in seminal plasma significantly decreased (P < 0.05), while intracellular activity of this enzyme did not significantly change in frozen-thawed semen. In seminal plasma of frozen-thawed semen the significant increase (P < 0.01) in GPx activity was detected. Whereas GPx activity in spermatozoa remained statistically unchanged after thawing. The SOD activity significantly increased (P < 0.01) in cryopreserved seminal plasma with simultaneous decrease (P < 0.01) of its activity in cells. In conclusion, this is probably the first report describing the level of antioxidant enzymes in frozen-thawed avian semen. The present study showed that the activity of CAT, GPx and SOD in chicken semen was affected by cryopreservation, what increased the intensity of lipid peroxidation (LPO). Catalase appeared to play an important role in the sperm antioxidant defense strategy at cryopreservation since, opposite to SOD and GPx, its content was clearly reduced by the cryopreservation process. Change in the antioxidant defense status of the chicken spermatozoa and surrounding seminal plasma might affect the semen quality and sperm fertilizing ability.

Partyka A; ?ukaszewicz E; Ni?a?ski W

2012-05-01

84

Biochemical and physiological characteristics of semen of sex-reversed female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This works studies the biochemical (protein concentration, osmolality, antitrypsin activity, lactate dehydrogenase activity) and physiological characteristics (sperm motility characteristics) of semen of sex-reversed female rainbow trout (n=42) obtained with the application of 11?-hydroksyandrostendione for sex reversal. All data were arbitrarily divided into three classes depending on the percentage of sperm motility: I XX<25%; II XX 25-50% and III XX>50%. The average percentage of sperm motility was 18±7% n=12 (group I XX); 42±6% n=15 (group II XX) and 65±12% n=15 for group III XX, respectively) to link the values of semen parameters to the maturation stage of semen. Semen from 12 normal males of the same age was used as a reference group. Sperm concentration as well as protein concentration, osmolality, antitrypsin activity, and lactate dehydrogenase activity in seminal plasma of sex-reversed females were higher compared with the values obtained for normal male rainbow trout. The values of these parameters declined with the increasing percentage of sperm motility toward values established for normal males. The fertilization success of semen (3×10(6) spermatozoa/egg) of sex-reversed females was very high (above 90%) for both the percentage of eyed embryos and hatched larvae and was related to sperm motility classes. Correlations between the quality parameters of sex-reversed females semen corresponded to those established previously for the semen of normal male rainbow trout. Antitrypsin activity, lactate dehydrogenase, protein concentration, and osmolality were found to be characteristic of seminal plasma of sex-reversed females. The maturity of sex-reversed female spermatozoa seems to be associated with the decline in the values of those parameters toward the values characteristic for seminal plasma of normal males.

Nynca J; Ku?mi?ski H; Dietrich GJ; Hliwa P; Dobosz S; Liszewska E; Karol H; Ciereszko A

2012-01-01

85

Effect of centrifugation and sugar supplementation on the semen cryopreservation of captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu).  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study is aimed at evaluating the effect of centrifugation for seminal plasma removal and the supplementation of fructose or glucose to the Tris-based extender on the kinematic patterns of the motility parameters of frozen-thawed semen obtained from captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu). Semen samples (n = 14) were collected from 10 sexually mature male collared peccaries by electroejaculation. These samples were further evaluated for parameters such as motility, vigor, sperm viability, membrane integrity, and sperm morphology. The samples were divided into four aliquots, and only two of these aliquots were centrifuged. The semen aliquots (centrifuged and raw semen samples) were diluted in Tris-based extenders supplemented with fructose or glucose. Egg yolk (20%) and glycerol (3%) were added to all the samples which were cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen and thawed at 37 °C/1 min. The frozen-thawed semen was evaluated for the same parameters described for the fresh semen. On the other hand, the kinematic motility patterns were evaluated by a computer-aided system. After thawing, it was observed that the values for the total sperm motility were around 30% for all the samples. A negative effect of centrifugation was verified for parameters such as sperm morphology, linearity, straightness, and beat cross frequency (P 0.05). In conclusion, it is not recommended to centrifuge the ejaculates from collared peccaries prior to conducting the cryopreservative procedures using a Tris-based extender supplemented with fructose or glucose. PMID:20858475

Castelo, T S; Bezerra, F S B; Lima, G L; Alves, H M; Oliveira, I R S; Santos, E A A; Peixoto, G C X; Silva, A R

2010-09-19

86

Evaluation of superoxide dismutase activity and its impact on semen quality parameters of infertile men.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evaluation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, as one of the most important antioxidative defence enzymes, in seminal plasma of patients consulting for male infertility was presented in the article. The study included also the determination of its influence on selected human semen quality parameters. The material represents semen samples obtained from 15 men, which were divided into two groups: Group I (n=10) including patients consulting for infertility and Group II (n=5) containing healthy sperm donors as a control. All of the semen samples were cryopreserved and stored in liquid nitrogen. The frozen samples were thawed at the same time and then SOD activity was determined spectrophotometrically. The analysis of the investigations results indicates a significantly lower semen SOD activity detected in oligoasthenozoospermic patients, comparing to the activity found in normospermic men. The study showed a positive correlation between SOD activity in seminal plasma and semen quality parameters--sperm concentration and overall motility, which are regarded as the most important for normal fertilizing ability of the spermatozoa. Significantly lower SOD activity in seminal plasma of infertile patients, comparing to healthy sperm donors, as well as positive correlation and beneficial impact of SOD activity on human semen quality parameters seem to confirm the observations, that decreased seminal plasma scavenger antioxidant capacity, particularly in form of low SOD activity, can be responsible for male infertility. This trial shows that SOD activity survey in seminal plasma could be a useful tool for determining sperm fertilization potential and could improve the diagnosis of male infertility.

Marek Murawski; Jolanta Saczko; Anna Marcinkowska; Agnieszka Chwi?kowska; Marian Grybo?; Teresa Bana?

2008-01-01

87

The measurement of reactive oxygen species in human neat semen and in suspended spermatozoa: a comparison  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background It is generally accepted that oxidative stress is an important factor in male infertility because it may impair the physiological function of spermatozoa at the molecular level. Nevertheless, although several approaches have been reported, the imbalance between production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activity of the antioxidant defense system in semen is difficult to investigate and remains poorly understood. Methods This study compares measurement of ROS production in neat semen and in washed spermatozoa obtained from the same ejaculate, and suspended in phosphate buffered saline using exactly the same luminol-mediated chemiluminescence method. Ninety one samples were obtained from males of infertile couples and 34 from volunteers with proven fertility. Results As expected, ROS levels were markedly lower in neat semen than in washed spermatozoa suspensions where seminal plasma with its potent antioxidant capacity was removed. In the cases of both neat semen and washed spermatozoa, ROS production was lowest in samples from normozoospermic males and highest in samples containing more than half million peroxidase-positive leukocytes per milliliter. For all samples, there was a significant positive correlation between ROS production by neat semen and that by washed spermatozoa suspension. Conclusion Measurement of ROS production in neat semen better reflects actual oxidative status because it detects only the overproduction of ROS which are not effectively scavenged by antioxidant capacity of seminal fluid. The results of our study show a good commutability of both measurements for identification of semen samples with high ROS production. The measurement in neat semen is even less time consuming and therefore easier to implement into laboratory routine.

Fingerova Helena; Oborna Ivana; Novotny Jiri; Svobodova Magda; Brezinova Jana; Radova Lenka

2009-01-01

88

Seasonal variation in semen quality in China.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we assessed the effect of seasonal variation on the semen quality in Chinese by using the average highest temperature (AHT) of the ejaculation day for partitioning season periods. A total of 13 635 semen samples were collected and analysed according to the AHT of the ejaculation day. Semen volume, sperm concentration and the percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology in midsummer (AHT > 30 °C) were significantly lower than those in other periods of the year. Sperm motility with AHT 10-20 °C in winter and spring was significantly higher than that in other seasons. The percentage of head defects spermatozoa with AHT semen quality. PMID:23682039

Zhang, Xin-Zong; Liu, Jin-Hao; Sheng, Hui-Qiang; Wu, Hong-Jun; Wu, Ying; Yao, Kang-Shou; Lu, Jin-Chun; Zhang, Feng-Bin

2013-05-16

89

Detection of HIV and HCV RNA in semen from Brazilian coinfected men using multiplex PCR before and after semen washing/ Detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV em sêmen de homens brasileiros, usando PCR multiplex antes e depois do "semen washing"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O aumento da sobrevida dos pacientes que utilizam terapêutica antiretroviral altamente eficaz (HAART- Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy) trouxe uma nova demanda de casais sorodiscordantes que desejam filhos. Como esses casais não podem abandonar o uso de preservativos, torna-se indispensável tratar o sêmen infectado com técnicas laboratoriais eficazes que além de isolar os melhores espermatozóides, reduzam a carga viral do HIV e HCV a níveis indetectáveis. Par (more) a isso, são utilizadas técnicas de semen washing, associadas a testes ultra sensíveis de biologia molecular. Após análise seminal, sêmen de 20 pacientes co-infectados HIV-HCV foram submetidos a fracionamento celular e isolamento de espermatozóides móveis através de método de densidade de gradiente descontínuo e swim-up. Posteriormente, testes para detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV foram aplicados nos sêmens totais e frações seminais obtidas. Em fase pré semen washing, o HIV foi detectado em 100% dos semens totais. Contrariamente, o HCV foi detectado em apenas uma amostra. Em fase pós semen washing, o HIV e HCV não foram detectados em nenhuma das frações seminais. A redução do HIV e do HCV através de semen washing mostra-se um método eficaz a indivíduos co-infectados HIV-HCV, apesar do encontro do HCV no sêmen ser raro. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Prolonged survival of patients under HAART has resulted in new demands for assisted reproductive technologies. HIV serodiscordant couples wish to make use of assisted reproduction techniques in order to avoid viral transmission to the partner or to the newborn. It is therefore essential to test the effectiveness of techniques aimed at reducing HIV and HCV loads in infected semen using molecular biology tests. METHODS: After seminal analysis, semen samples fr (more) om 20 coinfected patients were submitted to cell fractioning and isolation of motile spermatozoa by density gradient centrifugation and swim-up. HIV and HCV RNA detection tests were performed with RNA obtained from sperm, seminal plasma and total semen. RESULTS: In pre-washing semen, HIV RNA was detected in 100% of total semen samples, whereas HCV RNA was concomitantly amplified in only one specimen. Neither HIV nor HCV were detected either in the swim-up or in the post-washing semen fractions. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of HIV and/or HCV shedding in semen by density gradient centrifugation followed by swim-up is an efficient method. These findings lead us to believe that, although semen is rarely found to contain HCV, semen processing is highly beneficial for HIV/HCV coinfected individuals.

Canto, Cynthia Liliane Motta do; Segurado, Aluisio C.; Pannut, Cláudio; Cedenho, Agnaldo; Srougi, Miguel; Spaine, Deborah; Fernandes, Silvana; Carretiero, Nadily; Bernal, Maria Carolina; Levi, José Eduardo

2006-08-01

90

Relationship between semen cultures, leukospermia, and semen analysis in men undergoing fertility evaluation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between semen cultures, semen Gram stains, leukospermia, and semen analysis parameters in asymptomatic men undergoing fertility evaluation. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTINGS: Infertility clinic at a university teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Two hundred ninety-nine asymptomatic men undergoing fertility evaluation. INTERVENTION(S): After an antibacterial skin preparation, all men gave semen specimens for culture, Gram stains, semen analysis, and assessment for leukospermia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): A comparison of the presence or absence of bacteriospermia, the specific bacterial isolate, the quantity of bacteriospermia, the presence or absence of leukospermia, and semen analysis parameters. RESULT(S): The presence or absence of bacteriospermia or leukospermia did not correlate with each other. Leukospermia did not correlate with semen parameters. Staphylococcus species was the most common isolate (25.4% of all patients) and did not correlate with semen parameters or leukospermia. Streptococcus viridans (15.4% of all patients) and Enterococcus faecalis (7.4% of all patients) were the next most common isolates and were associated with statistically significantly poorer semen quality. CONCLUSION(S): Leukospermia is a poor marker for either bacteriospermia or impaired semen quality. Staphylococcus species are commonly isolated but appear to be innocuous. Streptococcus viridans and Enterococcus faecalis are associated with poorer semen quality and may warrant treatment.

Rodin DM; Larone D; Goldstein M

2003-06-01

91

Identification and distribution of Pz-peptidases A and B in human semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human semen was fractionated into fluid, particle and spermatozoal constituents using Percoll density gradient centrifugation followed by additional separation steps. All of the fractions isolated possessed both Pz-peptidase A and Pz-peptidase B activity. The effects of inhibitors on the Pz-peptidase A and B activities of all seminal fractions were similar, suggesting that hydrolysis of the Pz-peptidase was attributable solely to these two enzymes. Estimates of the activities in intact spermatozoa indicated that 1.6 +/- 0.5 mU of Pz-peptidase A and 1.6 +/- 0.7 mU of Pz-peptidase B were present per billion spermatozoa. The predominant source of Pz-peptidase B activity in semen was the ultra-low density particle fraction (110,000 X g pellet from seminal plasma), which contained 86% of the recoverable Pz-peptidase B activity. Pz-peptidase A and B activities of fluid and particle fractions isolated from azoospermic ejaculates from vasectomized donors were similar to the activities of the corresponding fractions from normal semen. This suggested that much of the Pz-peptidase A and B activities of semen originated in accessory gland secretions. The effects of EDTA, Zn2+ and Cu2+ on soluble Pz-peptidase A and B activities of particle-free seminal plasma suggested that neither was involved in the liquefaction of semen. PMID:3935635

Lessley, B A; Garner, D L

92

Identification and distribution of Pz-peptidases A and B in human semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Human semen was fractionated into fluid, particle and spermatozoal constituents using Percoll density gradient centrifugation followed by additional separation steps. All of the fractions isolated possessed both Pz-peptidase A and Pz-peptidase B activity. The effects of inhibitors on the Pz-peptidase A and B activities of all seminal fractions were similar, suggesting that hydrolysis of the Pz-peptidase was attributable solely to these two enzymes. Estimates of the activities in intact spermatozoa indicated that 1.6 +/- 0.5 mU of Pz-peptidase A and 1.6 +/- 0.7 mU of Pz-peptidase B were present per billion spermatozoa. The predominant source of Pz-peptidase B activity in semen was the ultra-low density particle fraction (110,000 X g pellet from seminal plasma), which contained 86% of the recoverable Pz-peptidase B activity. Pz-peptidase A and B activities of fluid and particle fractions isolated from azoospermic ejaculates from vasectomized donors were similar to the activities of the corresponding fractions from normal semen. This suggested that much of the Pz-peptidase A and B activities of semen originated in accessory gland secretions. The effects of EDTA, Zn2+ and Cu2+ on soluble Pz-peptidase A and B activities of particle-free seminal plasma suggested that neither was involved in the liquefaction of semen.

Lessley BA; Garner DL

1985-11-01

93

Assessment of semen quality in Swamp Buffalo AI Bulls in Thailand  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Characteristic of Thai swamp buffalo bulls semen used for artificial insemination (AI) in Thailand, aspects relevance in freezing and thawing of semen are review. Semen and sperm characteristics were evaluated included sperm count, motility (assessed subjectively and by CASA), morphology (using phase-contrast light microscopy and SEM), plasma membrane integrity (PMI) (using a hypo-osmotic swelling test [HOST]) and SYBR- 14/propidium iodide [PI]), plasma membrane stability (PMS) (using Annexin-V/PI) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) integrity (using SCSA and flow cytometry [FCM]). The average ejaculate volume was about 3.0–4.0 mL, with good viability (PMI measured by the HOST) and motility (>65% and >70%, respectively). Sperm concentration ranged from 1.1 to 1.2 billion/mL, being also affected by bull age. Whereas semen quality (including sperm output, pH and initial sperm motility) did not differ between the seasons. Few spermatozoa (<15%/ ejaculate) had abnormal morphology with abnormalities resembling those in other bovidae. In FT semen, PMI (using SYBR-14/PI) and PMS were highest in winter. Across seasons, ~50% of post-thaw spermatozoa depicted linear motility, a proportion that decreased to ~35% during incubation (38oC for 60 minutes), without marking any seasonal difference. The sperm DNA was hardly damaged (with <3% fragmentation, expressed as DNA fragmentation index [DFI]), among seasons.

S. Koonjaenak; H. Rodriguez-Martinez

2010-01-01

94

The Viability of Local Ram Semen in Tris Buffer With Three Different Egg Yolks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Egg yolk consisted of lecithin and phospholipids are one of the most commonly used components that will protect spermatozoa against cold shock during cooling and freezing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different hen egg yolk on Tris extender on the freezability of local ram semen. Semen from six sexually matured local rams was collected weekly using artificial vagina. Collected semen was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically and extended using tris extender consisted of 20% (v/v) regular egg yolk (TRCEY), native egg yolk (TNCEY), omega-3 hen egg yolk (TOEY) and 6% (v/v) glycerol. Those were packed in 0.25 ml straws, equilibrated at 5oC for 3 hours, frozen and stored in nitrogen tank for 24 hours, and thawed at 37oC for 30 second. The result of the experiment showed that there were no significant differences on the sperm motility and the number of living sperm. Percentage of plasma membrane intact in TOEY (60.3%) was significantly higher compared to TREY (56.9%) and TNEY (55.6%). In conclusion, the addition of omega 3 egg yolk in Tris extender protects plasma membrane better than the regular or native hen egg yolk. (Animal Production 13 (1):39-44 (2011)Key Words: ram semen, egg yolk, frozen semen

WMM Nalley; RI Arifiantini

2011-01-01

95

The Sperm Quality Index from Fresh Semen Predicts Chicken Semen Quality after Storage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Sperm Quality Index (SQI) is correlated with fresh broiler breeder semen quality. Our objective was to determine if the SQI from semen prior to storage is predictive of semen quality after storage. Prior to semen dilution, sperm concentration, viability, and SQI were determined for each male`s neat semen sample. Each ejaculate was then diluted 1:1 with Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender and maintained at 4oC on a rotary shaker for 16 h. After semen dilution, sperm concentration, viability, and SQI were obtained at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 16 h. The SQI increased from 0 to 4 h of storage then decreased in a quartic fashion as storage time further increased (r2=0.83). There was a linear decrease in sperm viability as storage time increased (r2=0.87). There was a negative relationship for the SQI from fresh semen with percentage of dead sperm over storage period yielding correlation coefficients ranging from r= -0.88 to -0.55. Over storage, positive correlation coefficients for the SQI from fresh semen with live sperm concentration ranged from 0.47 to 0.61. There were also strong positive correlations for percentage of dead sperm and live sperm concentration from fresh semen with their respective semen characteristic at each storage period (r=0.81 to 0.97 and r=0.80 to 0.96, respectively). There was a strong positive relationship for SQI from fresh semen with the SQI over storage (r=0.88 to 0.94). In conclusion, the SQI from semen prior to storage is predictive of chicken semen quality through 16 h of storage.

P.R. Dumpala; H.M. Parker; C.D. McDaniel

2006-01-01

96

Effects of Different Levels of Pigeon Egg Yolk in Extenders on the Post-Thaw Semen Quality of Sahiwal Bulls  

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Full Text Available In this study, effects of replacing chicken egg yolk (CEY) with pigeon egg yolk (PEY) in extenders on post-thaw semen quality in Sahiwal bulls were investigated. Attempts were also made to see if post thaw semen quality was affected by reducing PEY level in the extender. Twenty four semen samples were diluted with five Tris-based extenders. Extender A contained 20% CEY and was used as control, while extenders B, C, D and E contained 5, 10, 15 and 20% PEY, respectively. After freezing and storage for 24 hrs in liquid nitrogen, these samples were evaluated for post-thaw semen quality parameters.The difference in post extension sperm motility between extenders A (20% CEY) and E (20% PEY) was non significant. Post extension sperm motility decreased as the level of PEY in the extender was decreased. A similar trend was recorded for post thaw sperm motility, livability, absolute index of livability and sperm with intact plasma membrane. The percentages of spermatozoa with abnormal head, or tail were lower (P<0.01) in control extender A and extender E compared to extenders B, C and D. However, for abnormal mid-piece, extenders A and E showed lower values than extender C only. It was concluded that replacing CEY with PEY in same concentration (20%) did not improve post thaw semen quality. Moreover, reducing the concentration of PEY in semen extender from 20 to 5% had adverse effects on post-thaw quality of Sahiwal bull semen.

Hafez Jamil-ur-Rahman, Nazir Ahmad*, Najib-ur-Rahman, Salman Waheed, Maqbool Ahmad, Muhammad Younis1 and Tanveer Ahmad2

2012-01-01

97

Seasonal variation in semen quality in China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this study, we assessed the effect of seasonal variation on the semen quality in Chinese by using the average highest temperature (AHT) of the ejaculation day for partitioning season periods. A total of 13 635 semen samples were collected and analysed according to the AHT of the ejaculation day. Semen volume, sperm concentration and the percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology in midsummer (AHT > 30 °C) were significantly lower than those in other periods of the year. Sperm motility with AHT 10-20 °C in winter and spring was significantly higher than that in other seasons. The percentage of head defects spermatozoa with AHT < 10 °C in winter was significantly lower than that in other periods. We observed that there was a significant effect of season on the semen parameters. Highest environment temperature of the day may be a determining factor for the seasonal variations in semen quality.

Zhang XZ; Liu JH; Sheng HQ; Wu HJ; Wu Y; Yao KS; Lu JC; Zhang FB

2013-07-01

98

Does high load of oxidants in human semen contribute to male factor infertility?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Basal generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was essential for male reproductive function, whereas high ROS levels may be linked to low quality of sperm and male infertility. We examined the associations between ROS levels in whole ejaculates and sperm quality among 1092 male factor infertility (MFI) patients and 50 donors with normal semen characteristics. ROS levels were significantly positively correlated with abnormal morphology rate, head defect, and sperm deformity index. Further, we investigated whether seminal plasma from MFI patients with high ROS levels affects sperm motility from donors with normal semen characteristics. After cross-culturing fresh human sperm from donors possessing normal semen characteristics with seminal plasma from infertitle men, sperm motility was measured at different ROS levels. Seminal plasma from MFI patients significantly reduced motility of sperm and the reduction rate increased with increasing ROS levels in seminal plasma. On the other hand, we found MFI patients with the ROS levels in the lowest 25th percentile had similar ROS levels to donors with normal semen characteristics. Collectively, our observations lead to the hypothesis that oxidative stress plays a critical role in the development of MFI among those with high ROS levels, but not those with low ROS levels.

Chen H; Zhao HX; Huang XF; Chen GW; Yang ZX; Sun WJ; Tao MH; Yuan Y; Wu JQ; Sun F; Dai Q; Shi HJ

2012-04-01

99

Influence of vedaprofen (Quadrisol) on quality and freezability of stallion semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) vedaprofen (Quadrisol) on quality and freezability of stallion semen. Experiments were performed using 22 Franches Montagnes stallions from the National Stud in Avenches (Switzerland) randomly divided into a control and test group. Vedaprofen was given orally to all stallions of the test group at the recommended therapeutic dose (initial dose of 2mg/kg followed by 1mg/kg body weight every 12h) for 14 days. Control animals received the same amount of carrier substance. During treatment, blood samples of five stallions in both test and control group were collected for PGF(2 alpha)-metabolite (PG-metabolite) determination. Ejaculates from all stallions were collected and cryopreserved weekly for 14 weeks from September to December. Concentrations of PG-metabolite, PGF and PGE were measured in the seminal plasma of ejaculates collected 2 weeks before, during and 2 weeks after treatment. In fresh semen the volume, concentration, motility and number of normal sperm and sperm with major defects (acrosome defects, abnormal heads, nuclear vacuoles, proximal droplets, midpiece defects) were evaluated. In frozen-thawed semen samples motility as well as viability (SYBR-14/PI) were tested and the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS) was performed. Results demonstrate that vedaprofen had no effect on blood plasma concentration of PG-metabolite but significantly inhibited both, PGF and PGE concentrations in seminal plasma. Furthermore, all quality parameters in fresh and frozen-thawed semen were not affected by vedaprofen treatment but the time of semen collection had a significant (P<0.05) effect on motility, normal sperm and sperm with nuclear vacuoles in fresh semen. PMID:15955550

Janett, F; Aebi, L; Burger, D; Imboden, I; Hässig, M; Kindahl, H; Thun, R

2005-06-13

100

Influence of vedaprofen (Quadrisol) on quality and freezability of stallion semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) vedaprofen (Quadrisol) on quality and freezability of stallion semen. Experiments were performed using 22 Franches Montagnes stallions from the National Stud in Avenches (Switzerland) randomly divided into a control and test group. Vedaprofen was given orally to all stallions of the test group at the recommended therapeutic dose (initial dose of 2mg/kg followed by 1mg/kg body weight every 12h) for 14 days. Control animals received the same amount of carrier substance. During treatment, blood samples of five stallions in both test and control group were collected for PGF(2 alpha)-metabolite (PG-metabolite) determination. Ejaculates from all stallions were collected and cryopreserved weekly for 14 weeks from September to December. Concentrations of PG-metabolite, PGF and PGE were measured in the seminal plasma of ejaculates collected 2 weeks before, during and 2 weeks after treatment. In fresh semen the volume, concentration, motility and number of normal sperm and sperm with major defects (acrosome defects, abnormal heads, nuclear vacuoles, proximal droplets, midpiece defects) were evaluated. In frozen-thawed semen samples motility as well as viability (SYBR-14/PI) were tested and the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS) was performed. Results demonstrate that vedaprofen had no effect on blood plasma concentration of PG-metabolite but significantly inhibited both, PGF and PGE concentrations in seminal plasma. Furthermore, all quality parameters in fresh and frozen-thawed semen were not affected by vedaprofen treatment but the time of semen collection had a significant (P<0.05) effect on motility, normal sperm and sperm with nuclear vacuoles in fresh semen.

Janett F; Aebi L; Burger D; Imboden I; Hässig M; Kindahl H; Thun R

2005-11-01

 
 
 
 
101

[The influence of centrifugation on quality and freezability of stallion semen  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of various centrifugation methods on sperm loss and quality of frozen-thawed semen. From at a total of 8 Warmblood stallions of the National Stud Farm in Avenches, 3 ejaculates each were collected and seminal plasma was removed using 3 different centrifugation regimes. In method I (reference method) centrifugation occurred by a speed of 600 x g during 10 minutes. In method II 1000 x g was used during 2 minutes while in method III centrifugation was performed by 2000 x g during 2 minutes. After centrifugation 90%, of the supernatant was removed and sperm loss calculated. After resuspension of the pellet with freezing medium, functional membrane integrity was evaluated by HOS-test and motility determined. In frozen-thawed semen motility, viability as well as functional membrane integrity (HOS-test) and acrosome status using chlortetracyclinassay (CTA) were assessed. Our results demonstrate that mean sperm loss (I, 1.9%; II, 8.7%; III, 3.7%) was significantly (P < 0.05) different between the three centrifugation regimes. Regarding semen quality of frozen-thawed semen, HOS in method III (52.1%) was significantly lower than in methods I (55.5%) and II (55.3%). Evaluation of the acrosome status by CTA showed that more than 70% of sperm cells were capacitated and 25% capacitated and acrosome reacted. From our results we conclude that sperm loss and functional membrane integrity (HOS-test) in frozen-thawed semen were significantly influenced by the centrifugation regime. Therefore, stallion semen should be centrifuged at 600 x g during 10 minutes before freezing in order to obtain low sperm loss and a good quality of frozen-thawed semen.

Weiss S; Janett F; Burger D; Hässig M; Thun R

2004-06-01

102

[The influence of centrifugation on quality and freezability of stallion semen].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of various centrifugation methods on sperm loss and quality of frozen-thawed semen. From at a total of 8 Warmblood stallions of the National Stud Farm in Avenches, 3 ejaculates each were collected and seminal plasma was removed using 3 different centrifugation regimes. In method I (reference method) centrifugation occurred by a speed of 600 x g during 10 minutes. In method II 1000 x g was used during 2 minutes while in method III centrifugation was performed by 2000 x g during 2 minutes. After centrifugation 90%, of the supernatant was removed and sperm loss calculated. After resuspension of the pellet with freezing medium, functional membrane integrity was evaluated by HOS-test and motility determined. In frozen-thawed semen motility, viability as well as functional membrane integrity (HOS-test) and acrosome status using chlortetracyclinassay (CTA) were assessed. Our results demonstrate that mean sperm loss (I, 1.9%; II, 8.7%; III, 3.7%) was significantly (P < 0.05) different between the three centrifugation regimes. Regarding semen quality of frozen-thawed semen, HOS in method III (52.1%) was significantly lower than in methods I (55.5%) and II (55.3%). Evaluation of the acrosome status by CTA showed that more than 70% of sperm cells were capacitated and 25% capacitated and acrosome reacted. From our results we conclude that sperm loss and functional membrane integrity (HOS-test) in frozen-thawed semen were significantly influenced by the centrifugation regime. Therefore, stallion semen should be centrifuged at 600 x g during 10 minutes before freezing in order to obtain low sperm loss and a good quality of frozen-thawed semen. PMID:15248348

Weiss, S; Janett, F; Burger, D; Hässig, M; Thun, R

2004-06-01

103

Encapsulation of sex sorted boar semen: sperm membrane status and oocyte penetration parameters.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although sorted semen is experimentally used for artificial, intrauterine, and intratubal insemination and in vitro fertilization, its commercial application in swine species is still far from a reality. This is because of the low sort rate and the large number of sperm required for routine artificial insemination in the pig, compared with other production animals, and the greater susceptibility of porcine spermatozoa to stress induced by the different sex sorting steps and the postsorting handling protocols. The encapsulation technology could overcome this limitation in vivo, protecting and allowing the slow release of low-dose sorted semen. The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of the encapsulation process on viability, acrosome integrity, and on the in vitro fertilizing potential of sorted boar semen. Our results indicate that the encapsulation technique does not damage boar sorted semen; in fact, during a 72-hour storage, no differences were observed between liquid-stored sorted semen and encapsulated sorted semen in terms of plasma membrane (39.98 ± 14.38% vs. 44.32 ± 11.72%, respectively) and acrosome integrity (74.32 ± 12.17% vs. 66.07 ± 10.83%, respectively). Encapsulated sorted spermatozoa presented a lower penetration potential than nonencapsulated ones (47.02% vs. 24.57%, respectively, P < 0.0001), and a significant reduction of polyspermic fertilization (60.76% vs. 36.43%, respectively, polyspermic ova/total ova; P < 0.0001). However, no difference (P > 0.05) was observed in terms of total efficiency of fertilization expressed as normospermic oocytes/total oocytes (18.45% vs. 15.43% for sorted diluted and sorted encapsulated semen, respectively). The encapsulation could be an alternative method of storing of pig sex sorted spermatozoa and is potentially a promising technique in order to optimize the use of low dose of sexed spermatozoa in vivo.

Spinaci M; Chlapanidas T; Bucci D; Vallorani C; Perteghella S; Lucconi G; Communod R; Vigo D; Galeati G; Faustini M; Torre ML

2013-03-01

104

Effect of centrifugation and sugar supplementation on the semen cryopreservation of captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study is aimed at evaluating the effect of centrifugation for seminal plasma removal and the supplementation of fructose or glucose to the Tris-based extender on the kinematic patterns of the motility parameters of frozen-thawed semen obtained from captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu). Semen samples (n = 14) were collected from 10 sexually mature male collared peccaries by electroejaculation. These samples were further evaluated for parameters such as motility, vigor, sperm viability, membrane integrity, and sperm morphology. The samples were divided into four aliquots, and only two of these aliquots were centrifuged. The semen aliquots (centrifuged and raw semen samples) were diluted in Tris-based extenders supplemented with fructose or glucose. Egg yolk (20%) and glycerol (3%) were added to all the samples which were cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen and thawed at 37 °C/1 min. The frozen-thawed semen was evaluated for the same parameters described for the fresh semen. On the other hand, the kinematic motility patterns were evaluated by a computer-aided system. After thawing, it was observed that the values for the total sperm motility were around 30% for all the samples. A negative effect of centrifugation was verified for parameters such as sperm morphology, linearity, straightness, and beat cross frequency (P < 0.05). However, no differences between fructose and glucose were verified for any semen end point (P > 0.05). In conclusion, it is not recommended to centrifuge the ejaculates from collared peccaries prior to conducting the cryopreservative procedures using a Tris-based extender supplemented with fructose or glucose.

Castelo TS; Bezerra FS; Lima GL; Alves HM; Oliveira IR; Santos EA; Peixoto GC; Silva AR

2010-12-01

105

Semen analysis under photochemotherapy (PUVA-therapy)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 9 male patients with psoriasis vulgaris a semen analysis before and during photochemotherapy with 8-methoxypsoralen and UVA (PUVA) was performed to rule out drug-induced toxic damage of spermatogenesis or impairment of fertility due to scrotal hyperthermia. Two hours after oral application of 40-60 mg 8-methoxypsoralen the patients had been irradiated in UVA high intensity treatment units. PUVA-treatments were performed four times weekly until total body clearing was achieved. For complete remission 13-26 (mean 20.5) PUVA-treatments were necessary. Corresponding total UVA-doses were 35.3 - 191.0 (mean 83.2) Joule/cm2. The investigated parameters total motility, progressive motility, spermatozoa density, total spermatozoa count, spermatozoa morphology, and seminal plasma fructose remained unchanged. Only the volume of the ejaculate showed a small decrease during 3 months of therapy. From this pilot study there is no evidence, that PUVA-therapy leads to an impairment of fertility in male patients within their reproductive age. (orig.)

1979-01-01

106

Effects of Taurine or Trehalose supplementation on functional competence of cryopreserved Karan Fries semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cryopreserved semen is commonly used for assisted reproduction in livestock including cattle. However, spermatozoa undergo numerous physiological and biochemical changes during freezing and thawing process that affects their fertilizing ability. The aim of present study was to improve the post thaw quality of crossbreed cattle "Karan Fries" (Holstein-Friesian×Tharparkar) spermatozoa. A total of nine ejaculates from three randomly chosen Karan Fries bulls were extended and cryopreserved in Tris-egg yolk citrate (EYTC) extender supplemented with 50mM Taurine or 100mM Trehalose. Semen samples cryopreserved without these additives in EYTC extender were taken as a control. Cryopreserved semen were thawed and assessed for semen quality parameters like sperm motility, viability and plasma membrane integrity. Extent of capacitation was measured by estimating the number of sperm that underwent an acrosome reaction with Lysophosphatidyl choline (LPC) addition by dual staining with giemsa and trypan blue stains. Oxidative stress in terms of rate of H(2)O(2) production and membrane lipid peroxidation were assessed in spermatozoa. Intracellular calcium concentration was also measured using fluorescent dye Fura-2AM. Post-thaw semen evaluation showed that supplementation of Taurine or Trehalose to EYTC extender significantly (PKaran Fries sperm quality. PMID:22974707

Chhillar, Shivani; Singh, Vivek Kumar; Kumar, Raj; Atreja, Suresh Kumar

2012-08-25

107

Semen characteristics and infertility in aging.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A study was initiated to compare the spermiograms according to age in 570 consecutive men with a history of infertility. The semen was evaluated by computer-assisted semen analysis (CSA) and by the hyposmotic swelling test (HOS). A statistical difference was seen between men over 50 years of age compared with younger men, but only for the HOS scores and velocity. No statistical differences were found on any of the other parameters. Since most semen parameters were similar even in the men over age 50, a definite decline in fertility potential with increasing age could not be determined by this study.

Check JH; Shanis B; Bollendorf A; Adelson H; Breen E

1989-01-01

108

Semen quality in Peruvian pesticide applicators: association between urinary organophosphate metabolites and semen parameters.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Organophosphates are broad class of chemicals widely used as pesticides throughout the world. We performed a cross-sectional study of associations between dialkylphosphate metabolites of organophosphates and semen quality among pesticide applicators in Majes (Arequipa), Peru. METHODS: Thirty-one men exposed to organophosphate (OP) pesticides and 31 non-exposed were recruited (age, 20-60 years). In exposed subjects, semen and a blood sample were obtained one day after the last pesticide application. Subjects were grouped according to levels of OP metabolites in urine. Semen samples were analyzed for sperm concentration, percentage of sperm motility, percentage of normal morphology, semen leucocytes and concentrations of fructose and zinc. Exposure to OP was assessed by measuring six urinary OP metabolites (dimethyl and diethyl phosphates and thiophosphates) by gas chromatography using a single flame photometric detector. RESULTS: Diethyldithiophosphate (p = 0.04) and diethylthiophosphate (p = 0.02) better reflected occupational pesticide exposure than other OP metabolites. Semen analysis revealed a significant reduction of semen volume and an increase in semen pH in men with OP metabolites. Multiple regression analysis showed that both occupational exposure to pesticides and the time of exposure to pesticides were more closely related to alterations in semen quality parameters than the single measurement of OP metabolites in urine. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated that occupational exposure to OP pesticides was more closely related to alterations in semen quality than a single measurement of urine OP metabolites. Current measurement of OP metabolites in urine may not reflect the full risk.

Yucra S; Gasco M; Rubio J; Gonzales GF

2008-01-01

109

Effect of initial seminal plasma fructose concentration on goat semen storage at 5ºC/ Efeito da concentração inicial de frutose sobre a conservação a 5 ºC do sêmen caprino  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Foram coletadas 24 amostras de sêmen caprino. Cada ejaculado foi dividido em 4 alíquotas, e foram diluídas em citrato-gema de ovo (CG), TRIS-gema de ovo (TG) e água de coco industrializada-gema de ovo (ACI-G), a quarta, foi centrifugada para determinação da concentração de frutose e atividade da FLA2 no PS. O sêmen foi conservado a 5 ºC e avaliado a fresco, 2, 24 e 48 h, em cada tempo foi avaliado o vigor, motilidade e alterações morfológicas. Os reprodutores (more) foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo I-concentração de frutose >710 mg/dL e o grupo II-concentração de frutose Abstract in english Twenty-four goat semen samples were collected and divided into four aliquots, diluted with the citrate-egg yolk (CY), TRIS-egg yolk (TY) or industrialized coconut water with egg yolk (ICW-Y) extenders. The fourth aliquot was centrifuged to analyze fructose concentration and PLA2 activity on SP. The semen was stored at 5ºC and evaluated at times fresh, 2, 24 and 48 h, in each time was evaluated the vigor, sperm motility and total morphological alterations. The animals wer (more) e divided into two groups: group Ifructose concentration >710 mg/dL and group IIfructose concentration

Matos-Brito, B.G.; Lima, I.C.S.; Pereira, J.F.; Barboza, F.M.; Linard, M.A.B.; Aguiar, G.V.; Catunda, A.G.V.; Moura, A.A.A.; Nunes, J.F.; Campos, A.C.N.

2013-03-01

110

Bovine Leukemia ProVirus: Evidence of Presence of Part of Gag Gene in Seminal Plasma of Naturally Infected Bulls  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is of critical importance to understand the modalities of BLV presence in semen, especially with regard to artificial insemination (AI). Presence of bovine leukemia provirus was demonstrated in fresh and frozen semen samples by researchers. In this study paired blood and semen samples from 45 bulls were assessed for the presence of part of gag gene and antibodies to BLV in blood, semen and cell-free fraction of the semen (seminal plasma). Proviral DNA was detected in 5 out of 45 seminal plasma samples. PCR products were sequenced and submitted to gene bank. This data strongly suggested that seminal plasma of seropositive bulls can be positive in PCR.

Razi Jafari; Reza Asadpour

2010-01-01

111

Alpaca semen quality in relation to different diets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the biochemical composition of seminal plasma, along with semen quality, of alpacas maintained on different diets (hay; hay+pasture grazing; pasture grazing+sheep concentrate; pasture grazing+horse concentrate; Periods 1-4, respectively). Alpacas (n=5) were fed the four different diets for a period of 6 weeks each. During the period of feeding of each diet, semen was collected using an artificial vagina to determine its volume, viscosity, sperm concentration and sperm motility. Moreover, testicular volume and body condition score were evaluated. Seminal plasma was analysed biochemically to measure total protein, triglyceride, cholesterol, ?-glutamyl transferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase levels. Protein profiles were investigated using one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. There was high variability in semen parameters between different males maintained on the same diet. Semen volume increased significantly (P<0.05) when alpacas were fed diets containing commercial sheep and horse concentrates. In contrast, sperm concentration and motility decreased significantly (P<0.05) from Period 1 to Period 4. Dietary changes had no effect on viscosity. Significant reductions were seen in triglyceride and cholesterol content, as well as ?-glutamyl transferase, ALT and alkaline phosphatase concentrations, from Period 1 to Period 4. Regardless of experimental period, a wide variation was seen in seminal plasma enzyme concentrations between alpacas, whereas diet had no effect on glucose and total protein concentrations in the seminal plasma. Eight protein bands, with molecular weights ranging from 200 to 14kDa, were considered in electrophoresis gel after image analysis. Proteins fractions of the 14-kDa (total protein express in mddL(-1) with a molecular weight of 14-kDa, TP8) and 21-kDa (total protein express in mddL(-1) with a molecular weight of 21-kDa, TP7) bands were not present in all samples of alpaca seminal plasma. There were no significant changes in the concentration of any protein fractions during the four periods. Moreover, the protein fraction of the 60-kDa (total protein express in mddL(-1) with a molecular weight of 60-kDa, TP3) band was the most prevalent in all periods. These results demonstrate that there are marked changes in semen quality, as well as some parameters related to the composition of alpaca seminal plasma, that are dependent on diet, which may indicate the need for specific diet formulation to improve reproductive performance. We hypothesise that, in alpacas, the mechanisms underlying the changes in some reproductive traits in response to feeding regimens could be related to changes in the endocrine-gonadal system. PMID:22951252

Juyena, N S; Vencato, J; Pasini, G; Vazzana, I; Stelletta, C

2013-01-01

112

Semen hyperviscosity: causes, consequences, and cures.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The prevalence of semen hyperviscosity (SHV) is estimated to be between 12-29% and can lead to male factor infertility both in vivo and in vitro. Semen is composed of fluids secreted by the male accessory glands, which contain proteins essential to the coagulation and liquefaction of semen. Hypofunction of the prostate or seminal vesicles causes abnormal viscosity of seminal fluid. Infection and high levels of seminal leukocytes may also result in the development of SHV. Oxidative stress and biochemical and genetic factors can furthermore contribute to this condition. Hyperviscosity can impair normal sperm movement in the female reproductive tract, and can lead to decreased sperm count. SHV is treated with a hypodermic needle, mucolytic enzymes, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents in certain cases. Further research is needed to better understand the contributors to SHV and the treatments that can be used for infertile males with hyperviscous semen.

Du Plessis SS; Gokul S; Agarwal A

2013-01-01

113

DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS AND HUMAN SEMEN QUALITY  

Science.gov (United States)

This project, also called the Healthy Men Study will examine potential associations between human exposure to drinking water disinfection byproducts, particularly haloacetic acids (HAAs) and trihalomethanes (THMs), and male reproductive health as indicated by semen quality. Sinc...

114

Hand-stripping of semen and semen quality after maturational hormone treatments, in African catfish Clarias gariepinus.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the hatchery-bred African catfish, Clarias gariepinus, spontaneous semen release does not occur and hand-stripping is practically impossible. This reproductive dysfunction may be due to a lack of a pre-spawning gonadotropin (luteinizing hormone--LH) surge. To test this hypothesis, the effects of hormones that increase plasma LH levels were analyzed. Mammalian gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue (mGnRHa), mGnRHa plus pimozide, a dopamine antagonist (mGnRHa-PIM), ovaprim (salmon GnRHa plus domperidone, a dopamine antagonist), carp pituitary suspension (carp-PS), Clarias pituitary suspension and combinations of carp-PS and ovaprim were tested. Stripped fluid, when present, was compared to intratesticular semen, 12 or 24 h after injection (latency time). Plasma LH levels increased (P<0.05) 2 h after injection in all hormone treatments, compared to control fish. Stripping of a few drops of fluid, containing some viable spermatozoa, was possible in four out of five males treated with two injections of carp-PS, sampled 12 h later, and in 13 out of 24 males treated with combinations of carp-PS and ovaprim. Spermatocrit, sperm concentration and hatching rates obtained with stripped fluid, however, were very low compared to those obtained with intratesticular semen, from the same males. The number of sperm cells collected per kg body weight increased only in fish treated with two consecutive injections of carp-PS and a 12-h latency time. Treatments using single injections of pituitary suspensions and treatments with mGnRHa, mGnRHa-PIM or ovaprim did not facilitate hand-stripping of viable sperm cells, nor did they increase the number of sperm cells collected per kg. Based on these results, it is unlikely that hatchery-bred catfish males are not strippable because of a lack of an LH surge.

Viveiros ATM; Fessehaye Y; Veld Mter; Schulz RW; Komen J

2002-10-01

115

Human semen assays for workplace monitoring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Decades of human semen studies have yielded compelling evidence that sperm can be used to access reproductive potential and diagnose pathology. With these studies as background, the small number of detailed semen studies of men exposed to physical and chemical agents point with optimism to the application of human semen assays as efficient, effective means to monitor for reproductive hazards in the workplace. Sperm are the most accessible of human gonadal tissue and provide a means of monitoring exposure induced changes in the human testes, changes which may result in infertility and increased frequencies of genetically abnormal gametes. The focus on semen has precipitated the development of new sperm bioassays which use older conventional andrological methods (i.e., sperm counts, motility, and morphology) as well as recently developed high speed flow and scanning methods for automated cytological analyses. The status of these sperm assays for workplace surveillance is reviewed, procedures are suggested with examples of use, and their effectiveness is evaluated. The available mouse models of induced semen changes are briefly described and the importance of these models for evaluating the genetic implications of findings in human semen is discussed

1978-01-01

116

Angka Konsepsi Hasil Inseminasi Semen Cair Versus Semen Beku pada Kuda yang Disinkronisasi Estrus dan Ovulasi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semen used for artificial insemination (AI) can be prepared in different ways, fresh extended fresh or chilled, or frozen-thawed (FT). The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the use of preserved semen to inseminate the oestrus mares. Nineteen mares were used in this research. The mares were synchronized with double injection of PGF2? 14 days apart. The follicle size was monitored using ultrasound scanner during the third day of oestrus, and 2500 IU hCG was administered at the same time. The AI was conducted 35 hours after hCG injection with total motile sperm 200x106 for chilled semen and 250-300x106 for frozen semen. The result demonstrated that the response of the oestrus with double injection of PGF2? was 73.7%. The conception rate (CR) was 14.3% (1/7) with frozen semen and 42.9% (3/7) with chilled semen. It is concluded that AI with chilled semen resulted higher conception rate than frozen semen.

R. I. Arifiantini; B. Purwantara; T. L. Yusuf; D. Sajuthi; Amrozi

2010-01-01

117

Effect of Genotype and Frequency of Semen Collection on Semen Characteristics of Local Chicken Cocks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study reports the effect of genotype and frequency of semen collection on seminal traits of local chicken cocks. Semen was collected, using the back-lumbar massage method from Normal Feather (NOF), Naked Neck (NN), Frizzle (FR) and Naked Neck x Frizzle (NNxFR) cocks at two ejaculation frequenci...

E.N. Nwachukwu; S.N. Ibe; C.U. Amadi

118

The Effect of Semen Storage Temperature and Diluent Type on the Sperm Quality Index of Broiler Breeder Semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The sperm quality index (SQI) is predictive of fresh semen quality. Our objective was to examine if semen storage affects the SQI obtained from undiluted semen, or semen diluted with either Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender (BPSE) or Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) and held for 8 h at 4, 21, or 41oC. Dead sperm percentage was higher and SQI was lower from undiluted versus diluted semen. Dead sperm percentage was higher and SQI was lower for semen stored at 41oC than at lower temperatures. Overall, there was a linear increase in dead sperm percentage and linear decrease in SQI over storage length. Regardless of diluent, there was a linear increase in dead sperm percentage over time for semen stored at 4 and 21oC. For semen held at 41oC and diluted with BPSE or MEM there were respective quartic and linear increases in dead sperm percentage over time; a drastic linear increase existed for undiluted semen. There was a linear decrease in SQI from undiluted semen and semen diluted with MEM over time at 4oC; however, for semen diluted with BPSE, there was a linear increase. The SQI from undiluted semen stored at 41oC decreased linearly over time. At 41oC, a cubic relationship existed for SQI over time for semen diluted with BPSE, and a linear decline was detected for semen diluted with MEM. In conclusion, the SQI is indicative of changes induced by diluent type, storage temperature, and length of semen storage.

P.R. Dumpala; H.M. Parker; C.D. Mc Daniel

2006-01-01

119

19 CFR 12.32 - Honeybees and honeybee semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Duties 1 2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Honeybees and honeybee semen. 12.32 Section 12.32 Customs Duties... Wild Animals, Birds, and Insects § 12.32 Honeybees and honeybee semen. (a) Honeybees from...

2009-04-01

120

Human semen study around and away from gold mine area.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Gold was first detected in human semen in 1981. The entry of gold into semen was hypothesized through food items. Earlier reports identified gold in semen as important for good quality of semen. The infertility rate could be low around gold mine area when compared to other places. The aim of the study was to verify this. Towards this, the quality of human semen around a gold mine (Kolar, India) was evaluated and compared to that from a place which was 2000 km away from a gold mine (Jamnagar, India). A total number of 254 semen samples from Kolar and 437 from Jamnagar were evaluated. The fertility rate was higher in Kolar region. The semen samples studied for both places showed that the semen quality was superior in Kolar gold field area.

Prasad SB; Skandhan KP; Sing G

2011-10-01

 
 
 
 
121

Demonstration of DSI-semen--A novel DNA methylation-based forensic semen identification assay.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Determining whether the source tissue of biological material is semen is important in confirming sexual assaults, which account for a considerable percentage of crime cases. The gold standard for confirming the presence of semen is microscopic identification of sperm cells, however, this method is labor intensive and operator-dependent. Protein-based immunologic assays, such as PSA, are highly sensitive and relatively fast, but suffer from low specificity in some situations. In addition, proteins are less stable than DNA under most environmental insults. Recently, forensic tissue identification advanced with the development of several approaches based on mRNA and miRNA for identification of various body fluids. Herein is described DNA source identifier (DSI)-semen, a DNA-based assay that determines whether the source tissue of a sample is semen based on detection of semen-specific methylation patterns in five genomic loci. The assay is comprised of a simple single tube biochemical procedure, similar to DNA profiling, followed by automatic software analysis, yielding the identification (semen/non-semen) accompanied by a statistical confidence level. Three additional internal control loci are used to ascertain the reliability of the results. The assay, which aims to replace microscopic examination, can easily be integrated by forensic laboratories and is automatable. The kit was tested on 135 samples of semen, saliva, venous blood, menstrual blood, urine, and vaginal swabs and the identification of semen vs. non-semen was correct in all cases. In order to test the assay's applicability in "real-life" situations, 33 actual casework samples from the forensic biological lab of the Israeli police were analyzed, and the results were compared with microscopic examination performed by Israeli police personnel. There was complete concordance between both analyses except for one sample, in which the assay identified semen whereas no sperm was seen in the microscope. This sample likely represents true semen because sperm cells were detected from an adjacent sample from the same garment, therefore in this case the assay appears to be more sensitive than the microscopic examination. These results demonstrate that this assay is a bona fide confirmatory test for semen.

Wasserstrom A; Frumkin D; Davidson A; Shpitzen M; Herman Y; Gafny R

2013-01-01

122

Field data analysis of boar semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

This contribution provides an overview of approaches to correlate sow fertility data with boar semen quality characteristics. Large data sets of fertility data and ejaculate data are more suitable to analyse effects of semen quality characteristics on field fertility. Variation in fertility in sows is large. The effect of semen factors is relatively small and therefore impossible to find in smaller data sets. Large data sets allow for statistical corrections on both sow- and boar-related parameters. Remaining sow fertility variation can then be assigned to semen quality parameters, which is of huge interest to AI (artificial insemination) companies. Previous studies of Varkens KI Nederland to find the contribution to field fertility of (i) the number of sperm cells in an insemination dose, (ii) the sperm motility and morphological defects and (iii) the age of semen at the moment of insemination are discussed in context of the possibility to apply such knowledge to select boars on the basis of their sperm parameters for AI purposes. PMID:21884280

Broekhuijse, M L W J; Feitsma, H; Gadella, B M

2011-09-01

123

Field data analysis of boar semen quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This contribution provides an overview of approaches to correlate sow fertility data with boar semen quality characteristics. Large data sets of fertility data and ejaculate data are more suitable to analyse effects of semen quality characteristics on field fertility. Variation in fertility in sows is large. The effect of semen factors is relatively small and therefore impossible to find in smaller data sets. Large data sets allow for statistical corrections on both sow- and boar-related parameters. Remaining sow fertility variation can then be assigned to semen quality parameters, which is of huge interest to AI (artificial insemination) companies. Previous studies of Varkens KI Nederland to find the contribution to field fertility of (i) the number of sperm cells in an insemination dose, (ii) the sperm motility and morphological defects and (iii) the age of semen at the moment of insemination are discussed in context of the possibility to apply such knowledge to select boars on the basis of their sperm parameters for AI purposes.

Broekhuijse ML; Feitsma H; Gadella BM

2011-09-01

124

Activity of phospholipases A and lysophospholipase in turkey semen and oviducal fluid.  

Science.gov (United States)

Changes in lipid composition of turkey semen have previously been reported to occur during in vitro storage and may be mediated by endogenous hydrolysis of phospholipids. To investigate the presence of phospholipases able to initiate such degradation, phospholipaseA2 (PLA2), phospholipase A1 (PLA1), and lysophospholipase (LPLase) activities were measured in turkey spermatozoa and seminal plasma. These enzymes were also measured in the oviductal fluid because they may be involved in the process prior to fertilization in the female. In spermatozoa and seminal plasma, the major PLA2 was a calcium-dependent and sodium deoxycholate (DOC) stimulated enzyme. However, calcium-independent PLA2 activities were also detected with different characteristics in spermatozoa (DOC inhibited enzyme) and seminal plasma (DOC stimulated enzyme). Additionally, PLA1 activity and high LPLase activity were present in spermatozoa and seminal plasma. In vitro storage of semen for 48 h did not affect PLA2 and LPLase activities. By contrast, PLA1 was the major phospholipase activity detected in oviductal fluid. A PLA2 activity stimulated by calcium or DOC and LPLase activity were also detected, but both were low relative to PLA1. These results showed that turkey semen had several enzymatic activities able to hydrolyze phospholipids. In addition, the phospholipase activities described here in the oviductal fluid could be involved in membrane destabilization prior to fertilization. PMID:15339015

Douard, V; Gassama-Diagne, A; Hermier, D; Blesbois, E

2004-08-01

125

Mucuna pruriens Reduces Stress and Improves the Quality of Semen in Infertile Men.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present investigation was undertaken to assess the role of Mucuna pruriens in infertile men who were under psychological stress. Study included 60 subjects who were undergoing infertility screening and were found to be suffering from psychological stress, assessed on the basis of a questionnaire and elevated serum cortisol levels. Age-matched 60 healthy men having normal semen parameters and who had previously initiated at least one pregnancy were included as controls. Infertile subjects were administered with M. pruriens seed powder (5 g day(-1)) orally. For carrying out morphological and biochemical analysis, semen samples were collected twice, first before starting treatment and second after 3 months of treatment. The results demonstrated decreased sperm count and motility in subjects who were under psychological stress. Moreover, serum cortisol and seminal plasma lipid peroxide levels were also found elevated along with decreased seminal plasma glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid contents and reduced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activity. Treatment with M. pruriens significantly ameliorated psychological stress and seminal plasma lipid peroxide levels along with improved sperm count and motility. Treatment also restored the levels of SOD, catalase, GSH and ascorbic acid in seminal plasma of infertile men. On the basis of results of the present study, it may be concluded that M. pruriens not only reactivates the anti-oxidant defense system of infertile men but it also helps in the management of stress and improves semen quality. PMID:18955292

Shukla, Kamla Kant; Mahdi, Abbas Ali; Ahmad, Mohammad Kaleem; Jaiswar, Shyam Pyari; Shankwar, Satya Narain; Tiwari, Sarvada Chandra

2007-12-18

126

Mucuna pruriens Reduces Stress and Improves the Quality of Semen in Infertile Men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present investigation was undertaken to assess the role of Mucuna pruriens in infertile men who were under psychological stress. Study included 60 subjects who were undergoing infertility screening and were found to be suffering from psychological stress, assessed on the basis of a questionnaire and elevated serum cortisol levels. Age-matched 60 healthy men having normal semen parameters and who had previously initiated at least one pregnancy were included as controls. Infertile subjects were administered with M. pruriens seed powder (5 g day(-1)) orally. For carrying out morphological and biochemical analysis, semen samples were collected twice, first before starting treatment and second after 3 months of treatment. The results demonstrated decreased sperm count and motility in subjects who were under psychological stress. Moreover, serum cortisol and seminal plasma lipid peroxide levels were also found elevated along with decreased seminal plasma glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid contents and reduced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activity. Treatment with M. pruriens significantly ameliorated psychological stress and seminal plasma lipid peroxide levels along with improved sperm count and motility. Treatment also restored the levels of SOD, catalase, GSH and ascorbic acid in seminal plasma of infertile men. On the basis of results of the present study, it may be concluded that M. pruriens not only reactivates the anti-oxidant defense system of infertile men but it also helps in the management of stress and improves semen quality.

Shukla KK; Mahdi AA; Ahmad MK; Jaiswar SP; Shankwar SN; Tiwari SC

2010-03-01

127

The effect of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation of rams on semen quality and subsequent quality of liquid stored semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation of rams on semen quality and subsequent sperm function of liquid stored semen. Mature rams of proven fertility were individually housed and were blocked according to breed, body weight, and body condition score and randomly allocated within block to one of two dietary treatments (N = 7 per treatment). Rams were offered a base diet of hay and concentrate, with the concentrate enriched with either: (1) saturated palmitic acid (CON) or (2) high n-3 PUFA fish oil (FO) supplements. Both lipid supplements were added at 2% (wt/wt) of the total diet as fed and both were partially rumen-protected. The animals were fed their respective diets for a total of 9 weeks and blood samples were collected on weeks 0 (pre-experimental), 4, and 9, relative to initial allocation of diet (week 0), for measurement of plasma concentration of fatty acids, metabolites, insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and insulin. Semen was collected from each ram (on 1 day in each week) in weeks 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9, and each ejaculate was assessed for volume, wave motion, and concentration of sperm, after which it was diluted in a skim milk-based extender and stored at 4 °C. A second ejaculate was collected on weeks 4, 7, and 9, centrifuged, and the sperm frozen for subsequent lipid analysis. A sample of semen from each ram was assessed at 24, 48, and 72 hours after collection for sperm progressive linear motion, ability to penetrate artificial mucus, and the ability to resist lipid peroxidation (at 24 and 48 hours only) using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances assay. There was no effect of diet on plasma insulin concentrations or on any of the metabolites measured, however, there was a diet by week interaction for plasma IGF-1 concentration (P < 0.05). This was manifested as the FO supplemented rams having higher IGF-1 concentrations on week 9 compared with the control treatment (P < 0.05), but not at the earlier sampling dates. Compared with the pre-experimental values, supplementation with FO increased plasma concentrations of total n-3 PUFAs by 3.1-fold and decreased n-6 PUFA concentrations by 1.84-fold. Consequently, the ratio of n-6 to n-3 PUFA was decreased in the FO-supplemented rams (P < 0.001). Dietary supplementation with FO increased the concentration of eicosapentaenoic acid in sperm from week 4 to 9 by 2.7-fold (P < 0.05) leading to a 1.5-fold increase in total n-3 PUFA in the same period. Ejaculates collected from rams supplemented with FO yielded a higher semen concentration (P < 0.05), however, there was no difference between diets on any of the other semen quality parameters including semen volume, wave motion, progressive linear motion, ability to penetrate artificial mucus, or ability to resist lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of rams with n-3 PUFA successfully increased the n-3 PUFA content of plasma and sperm but has limited effects on the quality of liquid stored semen.

Fair S; Doyle DN; Diskin MG; Hennessy AA; Kenny DA

2013-10-01

128

Effect of Genotype and Frequency of Semen Collection on Semen Characteristics of Local Chicken Cocks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study reports the effect of genotype and frequency of semen collection on seminal traits of local chicken cocks. Semen was collected, using the back-lumbar massage method from Normal Feather (NOF), Naked Neck (NN), Frizzle (FR) and Naked Neck x Frizzle (NNxFR) cocks at two ejaculation frequencies, namely once and twice per week for nine weeks. Ejaculates were subjected to both physical and laboratory evaluations for quality. Results showed that there were significant (p<0.05) differences between the genotypes for semen volume with the NOF (0.150.009 mL) and NN x FR (0.130.013 mL) cocks having higher semen volumes than that of the NN (0.110.013 mL) and FR (0.080.013 mL) counterparts. Total spermatozoa was the only seminal trait significantly affected by the two frequencies of collection with once a week giving higher values than twice a week collection. Interaction effect was significant for sperm concentration and total spermatozoa. This effect was stronger when semen was harvested twice a week with the NN x FR and NOF cocks producing higher values. It was therefore concluded that NN x FR and NOF genotype were superior to their NN and FR counterparts in both semen output and frequency of semen collections and may be considered as potential candidates for use in natural mating and/or artificial insemination programmes aimed at improving the lot of the local chicken.

E.N. Nwachukwu; S.N. Ibe; C.U. Amadi

2006-01-01

129

EFFECTS OF SELENOMETHIONINE AND VITAMIN C ON SEMEN.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spermatozoa are susceptible to peroxidative damages due to the high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids in its cytoplasmic membranes. Studies have shown that the spermatozoa and seminal leukocytes are capable to generate high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROSs) that may reduce the viability and fertility of spermatozoa. However, small quantities of ROSs are necessary to initiation of the function of spermatozoa, as well as, capacitation and induction of the acrosomic reaction. Thus an equilibrium between the production of ROSs and antioxidative protection is necessary to assure the spermatic function. The antioxidative protection of the semen is supplied by enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase, vitamin C, vitamin E and other substances (albumine, glutathione, taurine, hypotaurine) found inside of spermatic cells or in seminal plasma. Thus, the objective of this revision is characterize how reactive oxygen species cause irreparable damages to spermatozoa membranes and the importance of the antioxidative protection of the semen that can be promoted by the addition of simple minerals like selenium and vitamins (e.g. ascorbic acid).

Cristiane A Alvarez e Gentil Vanini de Moraes

2006-01-01

130

Collection and preservation of pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Knowledge about the reproduction of the endangered pygmy hippopotamus is almost non-existent. This study takes the first step toward changing this by devising a protocol for the collection, evaluation, and short-term preservation of semen of this endangered species. Semen was collected successfully from seven bulls by electroejaculation, using a specially designed rectal probe. Mean +/- SEM values of native sperm parameters from combined best fractions were: motility-80.0 +/- 4.1%, concentration-2421 +/- 1530 x 10(6) cells/mL, total collected cell number-759 +/- 261 x 10(6) cells, intact acrosome-87.8 +/- 1.2%, intact morphology-52.7 +/- 4.3%, and, for some, hypoosmotic swelling test-79.3 +/- 4.4% and seminal plasma osmolarity-297.5 +/- 3.3 mOsm. Seven different extenders were tested for sperm storage under chilling conditions: Berliner Cryomedium (BC), Biladyl, modification of Kenney modified Tyrode's medium (KMT), MES medium, Androhep((R)), boar M III() extender and Human Sperm Refrigeration Medium. While differences between males were apparent, the BC was consistently superior to all other extenders in sperm motility and facilitated storage for 7 d with up to 30% motility and some motility even after 3 weeks. With this knowledge in hand, the obvious two directions for future research are to conduct artificial insemination and to develop a technique for sperm cryopreservation. PMID:20416932

Saragusty, J; Hildebrandt, T B; Bouts, T; Göritz, F; Hermes, R

2010-04-22

131

Collection and preservation of pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Knowledge about the reproduction of the endangered pygmy hippopotamus is almost non-existent. This study takes the first step toward changing this by devising a protocol for the collection, evaluation, and short-term preservation of semen of this endangered species. Semen was collected successfully from seven bulls by electroejaculation, using a specially designed rectal probe. Mean +/- SEM values of native sperm parameters from combined best fractions were: motility-80.0 +/- 4.1%, concentration-2421 +/- 1530 x 10(6) cells/mL, total collected cell number-759 +/- 261 x 10(6) cells, intact acrosome-87.8 +/- 1.2%, intact morphology-52.7 +/- 4.3%, and, for some, hypoosmotic swelling test-79.3 +/- 4.4% and seminal plasma osmolarity-297.5 +/- 3.3 mOsm. Seven different extenders were tested for sperm storage under chilling conditions: Berliner Cryomedium (BC), Biladyl, modification of Kenney modified Tyrode's medium (KMT), MES medium, Androhep((R)), boar M III() extender and Human Sperm Refrigeration Medium. While differences between males were apparent, the BC was consistently superior to all other extenders in sperm motility and facilitated storage for 7 d with up to 30% motility and some motility even after 3 weeks. With this knowledge in hand, the obvious two directions for future research are to conduct artificial insemination and to develop a technique for sperm cryopreservation.

Saragusty J; Hildebrandt TB; Bouts T; Göritz F; Hermes R

2010-09-01

132

Semen quality in Peruvian pesticide applicators: association between urinary organophosphate metabolites and semen parameters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Organophosphates are broad class of chemicals widely used as pesticides throughout the world. We performed a cross-sectional study of associations between dialkylphosphate metabolites of organophosphates and semen quality among pesticide applicators in Majes (Arequipa), Peru. Methods Thirty-one men exposed to organophosphate (OP) pesticides and 31 non-exposed were recruited (age, 20–60 years). In exposed subjects, semen and a blood sample were obtained one day after the last pesticide application. Subjects were grouped according to levels of OP metabolites in urine. Semen samples were analyzed for sperm concentration, percentage of sperm motility, percentage of normal morphology, semen leucocytes and concentrations of fructose and zinc. Exposure to OP was assessed by measuring six urinary OP metabolites (dimethyl and diethyl phosphates and thiophosphates) by gas chromatography using a single flame photometric detector. Results Diethyldithiophosphate (p = 0.04) and diethylthiophosphate (p = 0.02) better reflected occupational pesticide exposure than other OP metabolites. Semen analysis revealed a significant reduction of semen volume and an increase in semen pH in men with OP metabolites. Multiple regression analysis showed that both occupational exposure to pesticides and the time of exposure to pesticides were more closely related to alterations in semen quality parameters than the single measurement of OP metabolites in urine. Conclusion The study demonstrated that occupational exposure to OP pesticides was more closely related to alterations in semen quality than a single measurement of urine OP metabolites. Current measurement of OP metabolites in urine may not reflect the full risk.

Yucra Sandra; Gasco Manuel; Rubio Julio; Gonzales Gustavo F

2008-01-01

133

Use of new field methods of semen analysis in the study of occupational hazards to reproduction: the example of ethylene dibromide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Increasing attention has been paid to the use of semen analysis as an indicator of exposure to potential mutagenic and reproductive hazards. In the infertility clinic setting, semen evaluations include the measurement of sperm concentration, volume, pH, motility, velocity and morphology, the analysis of seminal plasma to evaluate accessory sex gland function and, in some cases, the in vitro evaluation of fertilization capacity and sperm-cervical mucus interaction. To date, however, the study of semen characteristics of occupationally exposed populations has been confined principally to the measurement of sperm concentration and sperm morphology. This has been largely due to the unavailability of portable equipment suitable for the measurement of other semen characteristics and the difficulty of obtaining fresh semen samples in the field setting. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health researchers have developed mobile laboratory facilities which enable us to evaluate fresh samples, in the field, for semen characteristics in addition to concentration and morphology. This paper describes the application of these methods using the example of our recent cross-sectional study of workers occupationally exposed to ethylene dibromide in the papaya fumigation industry. We discuss our findings in the context of the usefulness of semen analysis as an indicator of occupational hazards to male reproduction.

Schrader, S.M.; Ratcliffe, J.M.; Turner, T.W.; Hornung, R.W.

1987-12-01

134

Effect of Addition of Taurine on the Liquid Storage (5°C) of Mithun (Bos frontalis) Semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of taurine on sperm motility, viability, total sperm abnormalities, acrosomal and plasma membrane integrity, enzymatic profiles such as reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT), and biochemical profiles such as cholesterol efflux and malondialdehyde (MDA) production. A total of 50 ejaculates were collected twice a week from 8 mithun bulls, and semen was split into 4 equal aliquots and diluted with the TEYC extender. Group 1: semen was without additives (control); groups 2 to 4: semen was diluted with 25?mM, 50?mM, and 100?mM of taurine, respectively. Seminal parameters and enzymatic and biochemical profiles were assessed at 5°C. Inclusion of taurine into diluent resulted in significant (P < 0.05) decreases in percentages of dead spermatozoa, abnormal spermatozoa, and acrosomal abnormalities after liquid storage compared with the control group. Additionally, taurine at 50?mM has significant improvement in quality of mithun semen than taurine at 25 or 100?mM stored in in vitro at 5°C. It was concluded that the possible protective effects of taurine on sperm parameters are from enhancing the function of antioxidant enzymes, preventing efflux of cholesterol from cell membranes and decreased MDA production. PMID:23853737

Perumal, P; Vupru, Kezhavituo; Rajkhowa, C

2013-06-15

135

Antimicrobial activity of human seminal plasma and seminal plasma proteins  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Seminal plasma is semen without the spermatozoa. Human seminal plasma is a complex mixture of secretions from the sex accessory glands, mainly the seminal vesicles and the prostate. Seminal plasma has high protein content and it also contains ions, sugars and low molecular weight components. Immedia...

Edström, Anneli

136

Inseminación artificial a tiempo fijo con semen ovino refrigerado/ Timed artificial insemination with ram chilled semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se evaluó la preñez resultante de la inseminación artificial sistemática cervical (IASC) con semen ovino refrigerado a 5ºC durante 12 o 24 h y dosis de 150 o 300 millones de espermatozoides. Doscientas ovejas adultas Merino se dividieron al azar en grupos de 40 animales, según arreglo factorial de los tratamientos (2x2) más un grupo control. En la estación reproductiva, los estros fueron sincronizados mediante 14 días con esponjas intravaginales con 60 mg acetato (more) de medroxiprogesterona y 200 UI de eCG al retirar las esponjas. A las 12 y 24 h previas a la IASC se colectaron, diluyeron y refrigeraron los eyaculados. La dilución del semen se realizó con OviPro (Minitüb®, Alemania) en una relación 1:2 (semen/ diluyente). El grupo control fue inseminado con semen fresco sin diluir y dosis de 100 millones de espermatozoides. La IASC se realizó en el orificio uterino externo a las 54-56 h después del tratamiento progestacional. La preservación seminal durante 12 h alcanzó el 25% (10/40) y 38% (15/ 39) de preñez con dosis de 150 y 300 millones de espermatozoides. El semen preservado durante 24 h determinó el 3% (1/37) y 19% (7/37) de preñez con dosis inseminantes de 150 y 300 millones de espermatozoides, respectivamente. El porcentaje de preñez del grupo control (59%) evidenció que las condiciones de la majada no estuvieron afectadas por el estado nutricional o de manejo. La IASC con semen refrigerado ovino durante 12 h y una dosis de inseminación de 300 millones de espermatozoides, permitió obtener una preñez aceptable (38%) considerando el beneficio de poder transportar semen a largas distancias y su bajo costo operativo. Abstract in english We evaluated pregnancy by timed artificial insemination (TAI) with ram semen chilled at 5ºC during 12 or 24 h and insemination doses of 150 or 300 millions spermatozoa. Two hundred adult Merino sheep were randomly divided in 4 groups of 40 animals each, according to a factorial arrangement (2x2) plus a control group. During the breeding season, estrus were synchronized with intravaginal sponges impregnated with 60 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate inserted for 14 days an (more) d administration of 200 UI PMSG at sponge removal. Twelve and 24 h before insemination, semen from adult Merino rams was collected, and after the ejaculates were diluted and chilled. Semen was diluted with the Ovipro extender (Minitüb®, Alemania) using a dilution rate of 1:2 (semen/extender). Control group was inseminated with fresh semen without diluent and an insemination dose of 100 millions spermatozoa. For every group, cervical TAI was performed 54-56 hours after progestational treatment. Preserved semen during 12 hours obtained 25% and 38% pregnancy with an insemination dose of 150 and 300 millions spermatozoa. Semen preserved for 24 hours caused 3% and 19% pregnancy with an insemination dose of 150 and 300 millions spermatozoa respectively. Control group showed a pregnancy of 59%, which evidenced that flock fertility was not affected by nutritional status or management. TAI with ram chilled semen during 12 h, with an insemination dose of 300 millions spermatozoa, was found to provide an acceptable fertility (38%), considering the benefit of carryng semen for long distances and the low operative cost for its implementation.

Naim, P.; Cueto, M.; Gibbons, A.

2009-09-01

137

Effects of seasons on some semen parameters and bacterial contamination of Awassi ram semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of season on some semen parameters and bacterial contamination of Awassi ram semen. Semen samples from six mature Awassi rams were used in this study. Semen collection was performed with artificial vagina every week, from September 2009 to October 2010. Volume, sperm concentration, mass motility, individual motility, percentage live sperm and sperm abnormalities were evaluated. Moreover, determination of viable bacterial count of the rams was also recorded weekly. Higher (p < 0.05) semen volume in the hot summer and spring months was observed of August (1.55 ± 0.08 ml) and March (1.27 ± 0.15 ml). Sperm concentration was highest (p < 0.05) in the breeding season (late summer to early autumn) of September (4.21 ± 0.86 × 10(9) sperm/ml). Sperm individual motility and percent of live sperm observed in August (summer) and May (end of spring) when the environmental temperature started to increase were recorded highest values and differed significantly (p < 0.05) from December and January (winter). The highest value of the mean sperm acrosomal defects (13.33 ± 0.63%) was recorded in December. The highest value of the mean viable bacterial count (138.3 ± 21.6) was recorded in July (summer). A significant decrease (p < 0.01) in the mean viable bacterial count was observed from the middle of winter towards the end of spring. The lowest bacterial count was noted in January (60.5 ± 2.98). It could be concluded from the results of the present study that there is an effect of season on ram semen quality, and summer high temperature in northern Iraq has no effect on Awassi ram semen. There is a significant effect of season on bacterial count on Awassi ram semen.

Azawi OI; Ismaeel MA

2012-06-01

138

Effects of seasons on some semen parameters and bacterial contamination of Awassi ram semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of season on some semen parameters and bacterial contamination of Awassi ram semen. Semen samples from six mature Awassi rams were used in this study. Semen collection was performed with artificial vagina every week, from September 2009 to October 2010. Volume, sperm concentration, mass motility, individual motility, percentage live sperm and sperm abnormalities were evaluated. Moreover, determination of viable bacterial count of the rams was also recorded weekly. Higher (p semen volume in the hot summer and spring months was observed of August (1.55 ± 0.08 ml) and March (1.27 ± 0.15 ml). Sperm concentration was highest (p < 0.05) in the breeding season (late summer to early autumn) of September (4.21 ± 0.86 × 10(9) sperm/ml). Sperm individual motility and percent of live sperm observed in August (summer) and May (end of spring) when the environmental temperature started to increase were recorded highest values and differed significantly (p < 0.05) from December and January (winter). The highest value of the mean sperm acrosomal defects (13.33 ± 0.63%) was recorded in December. The highest value of the mean viable bacterial count (138.3 ± 21.6) was recorded in July (summer). A significant decrease (p < 0.01) in the mean viable bacterial count was observed from the middle of winter towards the end of spring. The lowest bacterial count was noted in January (60.5 ± 2.98). It could be concluded from the results of the present study that there is an effect of season on ram semen quality, and summer high temperature in northern Iraq has no effect on Awassi ram semen. There is a significant effect of season on bacterial count on Awassi ram semen. PMID:21883516

Azawi, O I; Ismaeel, M A

2011-08-29

139

New Triterpene Glycosides from Ziziphi Spinosae Semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Four new dammarane-type triterpene glycosides, named jujubosides I-IV (1-4), were isolated from Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, along with seven known saponins (5-11). The structures of new compounds were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. All compounds were evaluated for the effects on neonatal rat cardiomyocyte injury induced by hydrogen peroxide in vitro.

Wang Y; Ding B; Luo D; Chen LY; Hou YL; Dai Y; Yao XS

2013-07-01

140

AIR POLLUTION EFFECTS ON SEMEN QUALITY  

Science.gov (United States)

The potential impact of exposure to periods of high air pollution on male reproductive health was examined within the framework of an international project conducted in the Czech Republic. Semen quality was evaluated in young men (age 18) living in the Teplice District who are ex...

 
 
 
 
141

Effects of herbal preparation on libido and semen quality in boars.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a preparation from herbal extracts (PHE) on libido and semen quality in breeding artificial insemination boars. Ten fertile boars were divided into control and experimental groups according to significant difference of libido. There were no differences in semen quality between groups. Animals were fed a commercial feeding mixture for boars. The feeding mixture for the experimental group was enriched with PHE, which was prepared from Eurycoma longifolia, Tribulus terrestris and Leuzea carthamoides. Duration of the experiment was 10 weeks. Samples of ejaculate were collected weekly. Libido was evaluated according to a scale of 0-5 points. Semen volume, sperm motility, percentage of viable spermatozoa, sperm concentration, morphologically abnormal spermatozoa, daily sperm production and sperm survival were assessed. Amounts of mineral components and free amino acids were analysed in seminal plasma. Significant differences were found in these parameters: libido (4.05 ± 0.22 vs 3.48 ± 0.78; p < 0.001), semen volume (331.75 ± 61.91 vs 263.13 ± 87.17 g; p < 0.001), sperm concentration (386.25 ± 107.95 vs 487.25 ± 165.50 × 10(3) /mm(3); p < 0.01), morphologically abnormal spermatozoa (15.94 ± 11.08 vs 20.88 ± 9.19%; p < 0.001) and Mg concentration (28.36 ± 11.59 vs 20.27 ± 13.93 mm; p < 0.05). The experimental group's libido was increased by 20% in comparison with the beginning of the experiment. Results of this study showed positive effect of PHE on libido and some parameters of boar semen quality.

Frydrychová S; Opletal L; Macáková K; Lustyková A; Rozkot M; Lipenský J

2011-08-01

142

Effects of herbal preparation on libido and semen quality in boars.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a preparation from herbal extracts (PHE) on libido and semen quality in breeding artificial insemination boars. Ten fertile boars were divided into control and experimental groups according to significant difference of libido. There were no differences in semen quality between groups. Animals were fed a commercial feeding mixture for boars. The feeding mixture for the experimental group was enriched with PHE, which was prepared from Eurycoma longifolia, Tribulus terrestris and Leuzea carthamoides. Duration of the experiment was 10 weeks. Samples of ejaculate were collected weekly. Libido was evaluated according to a scale of 0-5 points. Semen volume, sperm motility, percentage of viable spermatozoa, sperm concentration, morphologically abnormal spermatozoa, daily sperm production and sperm survival were assessed. Amounts of mineral components and free amino acids were analysed in seminal plasma. Significant differences were found in these parameters: libido (4.05 ± 0.22 vs 3.48 ± 0.78; p semen volume (331.75 ± 61.91 vs 263.13 ± 87.17 g; p < 0.001), sperm concentration (386.25 ± 107.95 vs 487.25 ± 165.50 × 10(3) /mm(3); p < 0.01), morphologically abnormal spermatozoa (15.94 ± 11.08 vs 20.88 ± 9.19%; p < 0.001) and Mg concentration (28.36 ± 11.59 vs 20.27 ± 13.93 mm; p < 0.05). The experimental group's libido was increased by 20% in comparison with the beginning of the experiment. Results of this study showed positive effect of PHE on libido and some parameters of boar semen quality. PMID:21092065

Frydrychová, S; Opletal, L; Macáková, K; Lustyková, A; Rozkot, M; Lipenský, J

2010-11-23

143

Effects of Taurine or Trehalose supplementation on functional competence of cryopreserved Karan Fries semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cryopreserved semen is commonly used for assisted reproduction in livestock including cattle. However, spermatozoa undergo numerous physiological and biochemical changes during freezing and thawing process that affects their fertilizing ability. The aim of present study was to improve the post thaw quality of crossbreed cattle "Karan Fries" (Holstein-Friesian×Tharparkar) spermatozoa. A total of nine ejaculates from three randomly chosen Karan Fries bulls were extended and cryopreserved in Tris-egg yolk citrate (EYTC) extender supplemented with 50mM Taurine or 100mM Trehalose. Semen samples cryopreserved without these additives in EYTC extender were taken as a control. Cryopreserved semen were thawed and assessed for semen quality parameters like sperm motility, viability and plasma membrane integrity. Extent of capacitation was measured by estimating the number of sperm that underwent an acrosome reaction with Lysophosphatidyl choline (LPC) addition by dual staining with giemsa and trypan blue stains. Oxidative stress in terms of rate of H(2)O(2) production and membrane lipid peroxidation were assessed in spermatozoa. Intracellular calcium concentration was also measured using fluorescent dye Fura-2AM. Post-thaw semen evaluation showed that supplementation of Taurine or Trehalose to EYTC extender significantly (P<0.05) increased motility, viability and membrane integrity of spermatozoa. Percentage of cryocapacitated spermatozoa was also significantly (P<0.05) decreased in presence of these additives. Similarly, rate of H(2)O(2) production, lipid peroxidation and intracellular calcium were found to be significantly (P<0.05) higher in spermatozoa cryopreserved in absence of these additives. The results obtained clearly indicated that supplementation of Taurine or Trehalose to EYTC extender prior to cryopreservation improves Karan Fries sperm quality.

Chhillar S; Singh VK; Kumar R; Atreja SK

2012-11-01

144

Optimization of Ram Semen Cryopreservation Using a Chemically Defined Soybean Lecithin-Based Extender.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a chemically defined soybean lecithin-based semen extender as a substitute for egg yolk-based extenders in ram semen cryopreservation. In this study, 28 ejaculates were collected from four Zandi rams in the breeding season and then pooled together. The pooled semen was divided into six equal aliquots and diluted with six different extenders: (i) Tris-based extender (TE) containing 0.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL0.5), (ii) TE containing 1% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL1), (iii) TE containing 1.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL1.5), (iv) TE containing 2% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL2), (v) TE containing 2.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL2.5) and (vi) TE containing 20% (v/v) egg yolk (EYT). After thawing, sperm motility and motion parameters, plasma membrane and acrosome integrity, apoptosis status and mitochondrial activity were evaluated. The results shown that total and progressive motility (54.43 ± 1.33% and 25.43 ± 0.96%, respectively) were significantly higher in SL1.5 when compared to other semen extenders. Sperm motion parameters (VAP, VSL, VCL, ALH and STR) were significantly higher in SL1.5 compared to other extender, with the exception of SL1 extender. Plasma membrane integrity (48.86 ± 1.38%) was significantly higher in SL1.5 when compared to other semen extenders. Also, percentage of spermatozoa with intact acrosome in SL1.5 (85.35 ± 2.19%) extender was significantly higher than that in SL0.5, SL2.5 and EYT extenders. The results showed that the proportion of live post-thawed sperm was significantly increased in SL1.5 extender compared to SL0.5, SL2 and EYT extenders. In addition, SL1, SL1.5 and SL2.5 extenders resulted in significantly lower percentage of early-apoptotic sperm than that in EYT extender. There were no significant differences in different semen extenders for percentage of post-thawed necrotic and late-apoptotic spermatozoa. Also, the results indicated that there are slight differences for percentage of live spermatozoa with active mitochondria between extenders. In conclusion, SL1.5 extender was better than other extenders in most in vitro evaluated sperm parameters. PMID:23701189

Emamverdi, M; Zhandi, M; Zare Shahneh, A; Sharafi, M; Akbari-Sharif, A

2013-05-23

145

Optimization of Ram Semen Cryopreservation Using a Chemically Defined Soybean Lecithin-Based Extender.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a chemically defined soybean lecithin-based semen extender as a substitute for egg yolk-based extenders in ram semen cryopreservation. In this study, 28 ejaculates were collected from four Zandi rams in the breeding season and then pooled together. The pooled semen was divided into six equal aliquots and diluted with six different extenders: (i) Tris-based extender (TE) containing 0.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL0.5), (ii) TE containing 1% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL1), (iii) TE containing 1.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL1.5), (iv) TE containing 2% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL2), (v) TE containing 2.5% (w/v) soybean lecithin (SL2.5) and (vi) TE containing 20% (v/v) egg yolk (EYT). After thawing, sperm motility and motion parameters, plasma membrane and acrosome integrity, apoptosis status and mitochondrial activity were evaluated. The results shown that total and progressive motility (54.43 ± 1.33% and 25.43 ± 0.96%, respectively) were significantly higher in SL1.5 when compared to other semen extenders. Sperm motion parameters (VAP, VSL, VCL, ALH and STR) were significantly higher in SL1.5 compared to other extender, with the exception of SL1 extender. Plasma membrane integrity (48.86 ± 1.38%) was significantly higher in SL1.5 when compared to other semen extenders. Also, percentage of spermatozoa with intact acrosome in SL1.5 (85.35 ± 2.19%) extender was significantly higher than that in SL0.5, SL2.5 and EYT extenders. The results showed that the proportion of live post-thawed sperm was significantly increased in SL1.5 extender compared to SL0.5, SL2 and EYT extenders. In addition, SL1, SL1.5 and SL2.5 extenders resulted in significantly lower percentage of early-apoptotic sperm than that in EYT extender. There were no significant differences in different semen extenders for percentage of post-thawed necrotic and late-apoptotic spermatozoa. Also, the results indicated that there are slight differences for percentage of live spermatozoa with active mitochondria between extenders. In conclusion, SL1.5 extender was better than other extenders in most in vitro evaluated sperm parameters.

Emamverdi M; Zhandi M; Zare Shahneh A; Sharafi M; Akbari-Sharif A

2013-05-01

146

Artificial insemination with cryopreserved semen from striped trumpeter (Latris lineata).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Semen from striped trumpeter (ST) (Latris lineata) was frozen either as pellets on dry ice or in straws in the vapour of liquid nitrogen and then stored in liquid nitrogen until used for insemination. The motility of thawed semen was invariably lower than for fresh semen. ST eggs (collected from females treated with cholesterol implants containing LHRHa) were inseminated with fresh and frozen-thawed semen before incubation at 12-13 degrees C in sterile filtered sea water with regular water exchanges until larval hatch (approximately 156 h after insemination). Fertilisation and larval hatch rates were: (1) mostly lower for frozen-thawed than for fresh semen; (2) higher for semen frozen with a diluent containing DMSO than containing glycerol; and (3) similar for semen cryopreserved for 1 year to recently frozen semen. The fertilisation rates were similar for fresh semen and semen frozen in 0.25 ml straws (79.6 +/- 2.7% and 75.2 +/- 1.6%) but lower for semen frozen in 0.5 ml straws and as 0.25 and 2.0 ml pellets (69.5 +/- 2.8%, 67.3 +/- 1.5% and 69.6 +/- 5.3%, respectively; P < 0.05). Egg mortalities were highest on days 0 and 2 after insemination and were low thereafter until hatch regardless of type of semen. The rates of larval hatch for semen frozen in 0.25 and 0.5 ml straws (44.3 +/- 2.9% and 44.2 +/- 2.0%) were higher than for semen frozen in 0.25 and 2.0 ml pellets (29.2 +/- 1.7% and 33.3 +/- 3.9%; P < 0.05) but all were lower than for fresh semen (60.5 +/- 1.5%). When eggs from banded morwong (BMW, Cheilodactylus spectabilis) were inseminated with cryopreserved ST semen, the fertilisation and hatch rates were lower (40.8 +/- 5.6% and 7.6 +/- 2.1%) than when inseminated with fresh BMW semen (68.4 +/- 8.8% and 25.8 +/- 6.9%). Embryonic development until hatch appeared to be normal for hybrid embryos. Two days after hatch, hybrid larvae appeared more like those from ST (i.e., possible paternal influence on larvae) than from BMW.

Ritar AJ

1999-10-01

147

Changes in qualities and quantities of consecutively ejaculated feline semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cats show repeated copulation, but changes in semen qualities and quantities with repetition of ejaculation have not previously been clarified. We collected semen 4 times consecutively from 5 cats using the artificial vagina method and observed the semen qualities and quantities. No significant changes were noted in the semen volume, frequency of abnormal sperm or incidence of immature sperm, but the number of sperm and sperm motility and viability decreased with repetition, and in particular, the number of sperm in the first semen accounted for 55.0% of the total number in the 4 consecutive ejaculations, showing a significant difference from those in the 2nd-4th semen (P<0.01).

Oba H; Saito Y; Mizutani T; Toyonaga M; Tsutsui T

2011-02-01

148

Improving outcome of in vitro sperm activation using non–liquefied versus liquefied semen of oligoasthenozoospermic patients  

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Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of in vitro sperm activation (ISA) using non-liquefied versus liquefied asthenozoospermic semen samples for improvement of sperm parameters. "nMaterials and Methods: Fifty six oligoasthenozoospermic (OA) patients (age range: 22-44 years; mean: 32.089 years) were enrolled in this study. OA patients were classified according to type of infertility. Also, duration of infertility was recorded. Fifty six semen samples were collected, and seminal fluid analyses were done involving macroscopic and microscopic examinations were performed according to WHO methodology. Direct swim–up technique was used to separate the motile spermatozoa from seminal plasma. Minimum Essential Medium Eagle (MEME) enriched with 5% Human serum albumin (HSA) was used. One mL of either non–liquefied or liquefied semen was layered beneath 1 mL of MEME enriched with 5% HSA, and placed for incubation in an air incubator at 37 oC for 30 minutes. Then, one drop (10 ?L) from upper layer of culture medium was taken using automatic pipette to be examined under high power field (40 X) for assessment of sperm parameters."nResults: According to type of infertility, infertile patients were classified into patients with either primary infertility (no. 46; 82.15 %) or secondary infertility (no. 10; 17.85 %). In contrast to other parameters, significant (P<0.05) reductions were noticed in the percentages of sperm motility and progressive sperm motility for OA patients with primary infertility as compared to OA patients with secondary infertility. All sperm parameters were significantly (P<0.001) enhanced after in vitro activation of liquefied and non-liquefied semen samples when compared to pre-activation. In the present study, best results were achieved for non-liquefied semen samples as compared to liquefied semen samples."nConclusion: It was concluded that the outcome of ISA was enhanced in regard to sperm parameters when using non-liquefied semen of OA patients. Furthermore, some components of seminal plasma of OA patients may be have harmful effects on certain sperm functions when in vitro incubated for longer periods. Further study is recommended to investigate the effect of in vitro sperm activation from non-liquefied semen on successful rate of artificial insemination husband.

Muhammad Baqir Fakhrildin

2010-01-01

149

Métodos de colección de semen en camélidos sudamericanos  

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Full Text Available La colección de semen depende de una buena y constante producciónespermática para que la calidad del semen sea buena. Las técnicas decolección de semen están bastante desarrolladas en otros animales,especialmente en rumiantes domésticos en los cuales ya es unprocedimiento de rutina, pero en camélidos, dadas las especialescaracterísticas reproductivas, anatómicas y fisiológicas de estas especies, esta colección es bastante dificultosa y no existe un protocolo recomendado y una técnica optima, así como su manejo posterior.

Pacheco Curie, Joel Iván

2008-01-01

150

Optimalization of Equilibration and Thawing Methode on Freezing Process of Garut Ram Semen (Ovis aries)  

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Full Text Available Generally, the problem of semen freezing process is cold shock effect and intracelullar change due to water release which is related to ice crystal formation. One factor to solve the problem is finding out optimal equilibration time and thawing method so there is only a little damage spermatozoa during freezing process. The research has been done to explore the influence of equilibration time and thawing methode on frozen semen quality of garut rams. The results shown that the mean of percentages of progressive motile sperm, percentages of viable sperm, percentages of plasma membrane and acrosomal intact on four hours equilibration (52.50% ; 62.33%; 57.17% and 56.42%) were not significantly different (P>0.05) from five hours equilibration (52.27%; 63.67%; 56.92% and 57.58 %) and six hours equilibration (54.17%; 61.00%; 59.42% and 58.58%) respectively. The percentages of progressive motile sperm, percentages of viable sperm, percentages of plasma membrane and acrosomal intact on the thawing method on the temperature of 370C for 30 seconds (53.33% ; 62.39%; 57.94% dan 58.61) were not significantly different (P>0.05) from the thawing methode on the temperature of 250C for 45 seconds (52.22% ; 62.28%; 57.72% dan 56.44) respectively. The conclusion shown that the treatment of four hours equilibration, five hours equilibration, six hours equilibration and also the treatment of thawing method on the temperature of 370C for 30 seconds and the thawing methode on the temperature of 250C for 45 seconds do not have effect on garut ram freezing semen quality. (Animal Production 7(2): 74-80 (2005)Key Words : Equilibration, Thawing, Semen, Garut ram

Herdis; MR Toelihere; I Supriatna; B Purwantara; RTS Adikara

2005-01-01

151

Selenium supplementation does not affect testicular selenium status or semen quality in North American men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Selenium (Se) is essential for sperm function and male fertility, but high Se intake has been associated with impaired semen quality. We reported previously a decrease in sperm motility in men fed high-Se foods, but we could not rule out the influence of other environmental and dietary factors. We now report on a randomized, controlled study on the potential adverse effects of Se supplementation on semen quality in 42 free-living men administered Se (300 microg/d) as high-Se yeast for 48 weeks. Semen analysis was performed 4 times before treatment began, then twice each week during treatment at 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks, and then after treatment at 72 and 96 weeks. Blood samples were collected 3 times before treatment and at each subsequent visit. Se concentration increased 61% in blood plasma and 49% in seminal plasma. However, Se supplementation had no effect on sperm Se, serum androgen concentrations, or sperm count, motility, progressive velocity, or morphology. We observed progressive decreases in serum luteinizing hormone, semen volume, and sperm Se in both the high-Se and placebo groups. Moreover, sperm straight-line velocity and percent normal morphology increased in Se-treated and placebo-treated participants. The lack of an increase in sperm Se suggests that testicular Se stores were unaffected, even though the participants' dietary Se intake was tripled and their total body Se approximately doubled by supplementation. These results are consistent with animal studies showing the Se status of testes to be unresponsive to dietary Se intake.

Hawkes WC; Alkan Z; Wong K

2009-09-01

152

Selenium supplementation does not affect testicular selenium status or semen quality in North American men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Selenium (Se) is essential for sperm function and male fertility, but high Se intake has been associated with impaired semen quality. We reported previously a decrease in sperm motility in men fed high-Se foods, but we could not rule out the influence of other environmental and dietary factors. We now report on a randomized, controlled study on the potential adverse effects of Se supplementation on semen quality in 42 free-living men administered Se (300 microg/d) as high-Se yeast for 48 weeks. Semen analysis was performed 4 times before treatment began, then twice each week during treatment at 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks, and then after treatment at 72 and 96 weeks. Blood samples were collected 3 times before treatment and at each subsequent visit. Se concentration increased 61% in blood plasma and 49% in seminal plasma. However, Se supplementation had no effect on sperm Se, serum androgen concentrations, or sperm count, motility, progressive velocity, or morphology. We observed progressive decreases in serum luteinizing hormone, semen volume, and sperm Se in both the high-Se and placebo groups. Moreover, sperm straight-line velocity and percent normal morphology increased in Se-treated and placebo-treated participants. The lack of an increase in sperm Se suggests that testicular Se stores were unaffected, even though the participants' dietary Se intake was tripled and their total body Se approximately doubled by supplementation. These results are consistent with animal studies showing the Se status of testes to be unresponsive to dietary Se intake. PMID:19342701

Hawkes, Wayne Chris; Alkan, Zeynep; Wong, Kenneth

2009-04-02

153

Association between kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) and macroscopic indicators of semen analysis: their relation to sperm motility.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) are a family of proteases, the majority of which are found in seminal plasma and have been implicated in semen liquefaction. Here, we examined the clinical value of seminal KLKs in the evaluation of semen quality and differential diagnosis and etiology of abnormal liquefaction and/or viscosity. KLK1-3, 5-8, 10, 11, 13, and 14 were analyzed, using highly specific ELISA assays. Samples were categorized into four clinical groups, according to their state of liquefaction and viscosity. Data were compared between the clinical groups and in association with other parameters of sperm quality, including number of motile sperms, straight line speed, sperm concentration, volume, pH, and patient age. Seminal KLKs were found to be differentially expressed in the four clinical groups. Combination of KLK2, 3, 13, and 14 and KLK1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, and 14 showed very strong discriminatory potential for semen liquefaction and viscosity, respectively. Liquefaction state was associated with several parameters of sperm motility. Finally, KLK14 was differentially expressed in asthenospermic cases. In conclusion, the expression level of several seminal plasma KLKs correlates with liquefaction and viscosity indicators of semen quality and may aid in their differential diagnosis and etiology. PMID:19558318

Emami, Nashmil; Scorilas, Andreas; Soosaipillai, Antoninus; Earle, Tammy; Mullen, Brendan; Diamandis, Eleftherios P

2009-09-01

154

Association between kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) and macroscopic indicators of semen analysis: their relation to sperm motility.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Human kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) are a family of proteases, the majority of which are found in seminal plasma and have been implicated in semen liquefaction. Here, we examined the clinical value of seminal KLKs in the evaluation of semen quality and differential diagnosis and etiology of abnormal liquefaction and/or viscosity. KLK1-3, 5-8, 10, 11, 13, and 14 were analyzed, using highly specific ELISA assays. Samples were categorized into four clinical groups, according to their state of liquefaction and viscosity. Data were compared between the clinical groups and in association with other parameters of sperm quality, including number of motile sperms, straight line speed, sperm concentration, volume, pH, and patient age. Seminal KLKs were found to be differentially expressed in the four clinical groups. Combination of KLK2, 3, 13, and 14 and KLK1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, and 14 showed very strong discriminatory potential for semen liquefaction and viscosity, respectively. Liquefaction state was associated with several parameters of sperm motility. Finally, KLK14 was differentially expressed in asthenospermic cases. In conclusion, the expression level of several seminal plasma KLKs correlates with liquefaction and viscosity indicators of semen quality and may aid in their differential diagnosis and etiology.

Emami N; Scorilas A; Soosaipillai A; Earle T; Mullen B; Diamandis EP

2009-09-01

155

Semen quality of Italian local pig breeds  

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Full Text Available From 1996 to 1999 a conservation programme was carried out within the framework of EC contract “European gene banking project for the pig genetic resources” (Ollivier et al., 2001) in the Italian local pig breeds. The aims of the program included the primary characterization of the breeds, i.e. information on the organization in charge of the breed, breeding population numbers, breed description and qualifications, and field trials on productive and reproductive performances. In this context the “Semen Bank of Italian local pig breeds” was built. A total of 30,835 straws of four Italian local pig breeds (Cinta Senese, Casertana, Mora Romagnola and Nero Siciliano), collected from 42 sires, have been stored. In this work semen quality traits, lipid composition and freezability of the four Italian local pig breeds are reported.

F. Pizzi; T.M. Gliozzi; S. Cerolini; A. Maldjian; L. Zaniboni; L. Parodi; G. Gandini

2010-01-01

156

Zooplankton feeding on the nuisance flagellate Gonyostomum semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The large bloom-forming flagellate Gonyostomum semen has been hypothesized to be inedible to naturally occurring zooplankton due to its large cell size and ejection of long slimy threads (trichocysts) induced by physical stimulation. In a grazing experiment using radiolabelled algae and zooplankton collected from lakes with recurring blooms of G. semen and lakes that rarely experience blooms, we found that Eudiaptomus gracilis and Holopedium gibberum fed on G. semen at high rates, whereas Daphnia cristata and Ceriodaphnia spp. did not. Grazing rates of E. gracilis were similar between bloom-lakes and lakes with low biomass of G. semen, indicating that the ability to feed on G. semen was not a result of local adaptation. The high grazing rates of two of the taxa in our experiment imply that some of the nutrients and energy taken up by G. semen can be transferred directly to higher trophic levels, although the predominance of small cladocerans during blooms may limit the importance of G. semen as a food resource. Based on grazing rates and previous observations on abundances of E. gracilis and H. gibberum, we conclude that there is a potential for grazer control of G. semen and discuss why blooms of G. semen still occur.

Johansson KS; Vrede T; Lebret K; Johnson RK

2013-01-01

157

Phenotypic Variation and Repeatability of Semen Characteristics of Bulls  

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Full Text Available A total of 30 animals, belonging to three breeds and crossbreds (Friesian, Local x Friesian and Shahiwal x Friesian) were analyzed to study the magnitude of phenotypic variation and the repeatability of semen characteristics for volume of ejaculate, mass movement, forward movement and concentrations of semen. The co-efficient of variations ranges from 13.10 to 46.20% for various semen characteristics. Least square analysis of variance showed that breeds had significant effect on volume of ejaculate (P<0.05), mass movement (P<0.01), forward movement (P<0.05) and concentration (P<0.05) of semen. Pooled repeatability of volume of ejaculate, mass movement, forward movement and concentration ranges from 0.30 to 0.44, which indicated that more number of measurements should be considered for gain in accuracy in selecting the bulls. In semen out put, it was concluded that repeatabilities of semen characteristics was moderate. The breeds and crossbreds were found suitable for semen production. The crossbreds are as good as the purebreds for semen quality and output. Among the breed and crossbreds, Local x Friesian was found to be the most suitable. There was large phenotypic variation in semen characteristics in both between and within the breeds.

M.N. Haque; A. B.M. M. Islam; A.K.F.H. Bhuiyan; S. A. Aziz; M.G. Kibria

2001-01-01

158

Environmental exposure to arsenic may reduce human semen quality: associations derived from a Chinese cross-sectional study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Recent observations in in vitro and in vivo models suggest that arsenic (As) is an endocrine disruptor at environmentally-relevant levels. When exposed to As, male rats and mice show steroidogenic dysfunction that can lead to infertility. However, the possible effects of As on human male semen quality remain obscure. METHODS: We monitored the profile of As species in the urine of a reproductive-age human cohort and assessed its association with semen quality. Men (n = 96) were recruited in an infertility clinic from July 2009 to August 2010 in the Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Institute for Population and Family Planning. Five urinary As species were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS). Clinical information on the semen volume, sperm concentration and motility was employed to catalogue and evaluate semen quality according to WHO guidelines. As species concentrations in addition to other continuous variables were dichotomized by the medians and modelled as categorical variables in order to explore using the binary logistic regression possible associations between As exposure and semen quality. RESULTS: Urinary concentrations (geometric mean ± SD, ?g g(-1) creatinine) of different As species were 7.49 (± 24.8) for AsB, 20.9 (± 13.7) for DMA, 2.77 (± 3.33) for MMA, and 4.03 (± 3.67) for Asi (Asi(III )and Asi(V)). DMA concentrations above the median were significantly associated with below-reference sperm concentrations (P = 0.02) after adjusting for age, body mass index (BMI), abstinence, smoking and drinking habits. In addition, smoking was positively associated with MMA. CONCLUSION: Reduced parameters in human semen quality are positively associated with As exposure in a reproductive-age Chinese cohort.

Xu W; Bao H; Liu F; Liu L; Zhu YG; She J; Dong S; Cai M; Li L; Li C; Shen H

2012-01-01

159

Métodos de coleccion de semen en camélidos sudamericanos - Methods of semen collection in south american camelids  

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Full Text Available ResumenLa colección de semen depende de una buena y constante producciónespermática para que la calidad del semen sea buena. Las técnicas decolección de semen están bastante desarrolladas en otros animales,especialmente en rumiantes domésticos en los cuales ya es unprocedimiento de rutina, pero en camélidos, dadas las especialescaracterísticas reproductivas, anatómicas y fisiológicas de estasespecies, esta colección es bastante dificultosa y no existe un protocolo recomendado y una técnica optima, así como su manejo posterior. Las características seminales son también muy variables y dependen de la forma de colección y existen varios factores que afectan su calidad, así como frecuencia de colección, edad, época, etc., por lo que también se evaluaron y desarrollaron diferentes técnicas de degelificar, diluir, conservar y congelar estas células espermáticas, de acuerdo a la técnica de colección y la especie, así como la utilización de dilutores y crioprotectores utilizados para otras especies, pudiéndose posteriormente utilizar en la evaluación reproductiva de los machos.SummaryThe collection of semen depends on a good and constant spermaticproduction so that the quality of the semen is good. The techniques ofcollection of semen enough developed in other animals are, especially in ruminant domestic in which is already a routine procedure, but incamélids, given the special ones characteristic reproductive, anatomical and physiologic of these species, this collection is quite difficult and it doesn't exist a recommended protocol and a good technique, as well as its later handling. The seminal characteristics are also very variable and they depend in the collection way and several factors that affect their quality, exist as well as collection frequency, age, time, etc, for what too were also evaluated and they developed different techniques of degelification, to dilute, to conserve and to freeze these spermatic cells,according to the collection technique and the species, as well as theextenders use and crioprotectors used for other species, being able tolater on to use in the reproductive evaluation of the males.

Pacheco Curie, Joel Iván;

2008-01-01

160

[A combined method for weighing human semen volume].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To search for a method for the precise measurement of human semen volume so as to provide reliable evidence for clinical semen analysis. METHODS: The volumes of 492 semen samples collected from 137 donors by Zhejiang Human Sperm Bank were measured respectively by three different methods including electronic balance weighing, volumetric cylinder measuring, and combination of the two methods above. With the combined measuring method, the semen weight was first obtained by electronic balance weighing, then the semen density determined by volumetric cylinder measuring, and lastly the semen volume figured out by a formula. Paired sample t-test was used to compared the combined method with electronic balance weighing and volumetric cylinder measuring. RESULTS: The mean volume of the 492 semen samples obtained by the combined measuring method was (3.46 +/- 1.17) ml, significantly lower than (3.75 +/- 1.21) ml from electronic balance weighing (P < 0.05) and markedly higher than (3.22 +/- 1.16) ml from volumetric cylinder measuring (P < 0.05). The mean semen density of the 492 samples was (1.0928 +/- 0.0761) g/ml, and the mean weight of the residual semen in the container used in volumetric cylinder measuring was (0.269 +/- 0.122) g. CONCLUSION: Semen volume measured by electronic balance weighing is higher while that obtained from volumetric cylinder measuring is lower than the actual value. An accurate semen volume can be achieved by the combined measuring method, which, therefore, deserves to be widely used both clinically and in researches.

Zhang XZ; Yao KS; Xiong CL

2011-10-01

 
 
 
 
161

Sperm parameters and biochemical components of goat seminal plasma in the rainy and dry seasons in the Brazilian Northeast: the season's influence on the cooling of semen Caracrterísticas espermáticas e bioquímicas do plasma seminal de caprinos nas estações chuvosa e seca do Nordeste brasileiro: influência da estação no resfriamento do sêmen  

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Full Text Available The present study aimed to verify the caprine semen characteristics during dry and rainy seasons in the Brazilian Northeast, and the influence of these seasons on cooled semen. Seminal volume, concentration, percentage of motile cells, vigor and spermatic morphology, as well as biochemical profile (fructose, citric acid, P, Ca2+, Mg, total proteins and phospholipase A2 activity) were analyzed. It was observed a reduction (PVerificou-se as características seminais de caprinos durante a época seca e a chuvosa no Nordeste brasileiro e a influência da época no resfriamento do sêmen. Foram mensurados volume, concentração espermática, porcentagem de espermatozoides móveis, vigor, morfologia espermática e características bioquímicas (frutose, ácido cítrico, fósforo, magnésio, proteínas totais e atividade da fosfolipase A2). Observou-se redução (P<0,05) no número de espermatozóides morfologicamente normais, frutose, ácido cítrico, fósforo, magnésio e proteínas totais durante a época seca que não influenciaram na motilidade, vigor, volume e concentração do sêmen. Entretanto, a atividade da fosfolipase A2 foi maior na época seca. Quando o sêmen foi submetido ao resfriamento a 4ºC durante 48 horas, houve redução (P<0,05) na motilidade total e no vigor espermático durante a época seca. Com base nesses resultados, conclui-se que o período chuvoso é melhor para resfriar sêmen de caprinos no Nordeste brasileiro.

G.V. Aguiar; M.F. van Tilburg; A.G.V. Catunda; C.K.S. Celes; I.C.S. Lima; A.C.N. Campos; A.A.A. Moura; A.A. Araújo

2013-01-01

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Sperm parameters and biochemical components of goat seminal plasma in the rainy and dry seasons in the Brazilian Northeast: the season's influence on the cooling of semen/ Caracrterísticas espermáticas e bioquímicas do plasma seminal de caprinos nas estações chuvosa e seca do Nordeste brasileiro: influência da estação no resfriamento do sêmen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Verificou-se as características seminais de caprinos durante a época seca e a chuvosa no Nordeste brasileiro e a influência da época no resfriamento do sêmen. Foram mensurados volume, concentração espermática, porcentagem de espermatozoides móveis, vigor, morfologia espermática e características bioquímicas (frutose, ácido cítrico, fósforo, magnésio, proteínas totais e atividade da fosfolipase A2). Observou-se redução (P(more) ides morfologicamente normais, frutose, ácido cítrico, fósforo, magnésio e proteínas totais durante a época seca que não influenciaram na motilidade, vigor, volume e concentração do sêmen. Entretanto, a atividade da fosfolipase A2 foi maior na época seca. Quando o sêmen foi submetido ao resfriamento a 4ºC durante 48 horas, houve redução (P Abstract in english The present study aimed to verify the caprine semen characteristics during dry and rainy seasons in the Brazilian Northeast, and the influence of these seasons on cooled semen. Seminal volume, concentration, percentage of motile cells, vigor and spermatic morphology, as well as biochemical profile (fructose, citric acid, P, Ca2+, Mg, total proteins and phospholipase A2 activity) were analyzed. It was observed a reduction (P(more) ic acid, P, Mg and total protein concentration during the dry season, which did not affect the motility, vigor, volume and sperm concentration. Phospholipase A2 activity was increased during the dry season (P

Aguiar, G.V.; van Tilburg, M.F.; Catunda, A.G.V.; Celes, C.K.S.; Lima, I.C.S.; Campos, A.C.N.; Moura, A.A.A.; Araújo, A.A.

2013-02-01

163

Influence of long-term treatment with equine somatotropin (EquiGen) on gonadal function in stallions with poor semen quality.  

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The aim of the present study was to investigate the spermatogenic and Leydig cell activity in stallions with impaired semen quality after treatment with equine somatotropin. Experiments were performed using 18 adult clinically healthy stallions with poor semen quality which did not pass breeding soundness evaluation. The animals were randomly divided into a treatment (n = 9) and a control (n = 9) group. Over a period of 90 days, nine stallions received a daily intramuscular injection of 10 mg recombinant equine somatotropin (EquiGen, BresaGen Limited, Adelaide, Australia) and 9 control animals were injected with the same amount of physiological saline solution. During and until 2 months after treatment, semen characteristics and daily sperm output as well as plasma testosterone concentrations were determined monthly in all stallions. In addition, testosterone concentration measurement after stimulation with hCG was performed in all animals immediately before and at the end of the treatment period as well as 2 months later. Our results demonstrate that equine somatotropin (EquiGen) given daily in a dose of 10 mg per animal during 90 days had no significant effect neither on plasma testosterone concentrations and hCG-induced testosterone release nor on semen quality parameters in adult stallions with poor semen characteristics. PMID:18488716

De Botton, D; Janett, F; Burger, D; Imboden, I; Kähn, W; Thun, R

2008-04-01

164

Influence of long-term treatment with equine somatotropin (EquiGen) on gonadal function in stallions with poor semen quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the spermatogenic and Leydig cell activity in stallions with impaired semen quality after treatment with equine somatotropin. Experiments were performed using 18 adult clinically healthy stallions with poor semen quality which did not pass breeding soundness evaluation. The animals were randomly divided into a treatment (n = 9) and a control (n = 9) group. Over a period of 90 days, nine stallions received a daily intramuscular injection of 10 mg recombinant equine somatotropin (EquiGen, BresaGen Limited, Adelaide, Australia) and 9 control animals were injected with the same amount of physiological saline solution. During and until 2 months after treatment, semen characteristics and daily sperm output as well as plasma testosterone concentrations were determined monthly in all stallions. In addition, testosterone concentration measurement after stimulation with hCG was performed in all animals immediately before and at the end of the treatment period as well as 2 months later. Our results demonstrate that equine somatotropin (EquiGen) given daily in a dose of 10 mg per animal during 90 days had no significant effect neither on plasma testosterone concentrations and hCG-induced testosterone release nor on semen quality parameters in adult stallions with poor semen characteristics.

De Botton D; Janett F; Burger D; Imboden I; Kähn W; Thun R

2008-04-01

165

Donkey jack (Equus asinus) semen cryopreservation: studies of seminal parameters, post breeding inflammatory response, and fertility in donkey jennies.  

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The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate motility parameters of donkey jack (jack; Equus asinus) semen cryopreserved in INRA-96 (INRA; IMV Technologies, France, 2% egg-yolk enriched) using either glycerol (GLY) or ethylene glycol (EG) as a cryoprotector; (2) to compare in vitro the postthaw re-extension with homologous seminal plasma (SPL) or INRA; (3) to compare fertility in donkey jennies (jennies; Equus asinus) timed artificially inseminated with jack semen cryopreserved using GLY or EG, re-extended with INRA; (4) to compare fertility in jennies timed artificially inseminated with jack semen cryopreserved using GLY re-extended with SPL, INRA, or not re-extended (NN); and (5) to describe some preliminary results of the inflammatory uterine response postbreeding. Semen from two jacks was collected and frozen in an INRA-2% egg yolk extender added of either 2.2% GLY or 1.4% EG. Postthaw motility was evaluated by a computer-assisted motility analyzer. Uterine inflammatory response and fertility were evaluated after artificial insemination (AI) of 13 jennies with frozen-thawed semen, either further extended with INRA (Group GLY-INRA, 13 cycles, and EG-INRA, 8 cycles), or with SPL (Group GLY-SPL, 13 cycles), or not re-extended (GLY-NN, 5 cycles). In each cycle, jennies were bred twice with 500 × 10(6) sperm cells (250 × 10(6) from each jack), at fixed times after induction of ovulation, and uterus was flushed at 6 and 10 h after first and second breeding, respectively. Cells in the recovered fluid were counted and distinguished as polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) or other cell types. Total and progressive motility did not differ between cryoprotectants, but were higher when semen samples were re-extended in INRA, compared with SPL (P donkey semen, and that in the conditions of this study the re-extension in SPL of thawed semen before AI showed a trend toward the improvement of fertility and increased PMN concentration in uterine flushings. PMID:22979965

Rota, A; Panzani, D; Sabatini, C; Camillo, F

2012-09-12

166

Influence of urogenital infections and inflammation on semen quality and male fertility.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Urogenital infections and inflammation are a significant etiologic factor in male infertility. METHODS: Data for this review were acquired by a systematic search of the medical literature. Relevant cross-references were also taken into account. RESULTS: We address infectious and inflammatory diseases of different compartments of the male genital tract and discuss their andrological sequelae. Chronic urethritis might be responsible for silent genital tract inflammation with negative impact on semen quality. In chronic pelvic pain syndrome, morphological abnormalities of spermatozoa and seminal plasma alterations are detectable. In the majority of men with epididymitis, a transient impairment of semen quality can be found during the acute infection. However, persistent detrimental effects are not uncommon, even after complete bacteriological cure. The relevance of chronic viral infections as an etiologic factor in male infertility is believed to be underestimated. Data concerning the impact of HIV infection on male fertility are of increasing interest as with the improvement in life expectancy, issues of sexuality and procreation gain importance. Moreover, effects of noninfectious systemic inflammation on the male reproductive tract have to be considered in patients with metabolic syndrome, a disorder of growing relevance worldwide. Finally, microbiological and related diagnostic findings in urine and semen samples are reviewed according to their relevance for male infertility. CONCLUSIONS: Available data provide sufficient evidence that in men with alterations of the ejaculate, urogenital infections and inflammation have to be considered.

Rusz A; Pilatz A; Wagenlehner F; Linn T; Diemer T; Schuppe HC; Lohmeyer J; Hossain H; Weidner W

2012-02-01

167

Effects of Tinospora cordifolia supplementation on semen quality and hormonal profile in rams.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of dietary supplementation of Tinospora cordifolia on physico-morphological, biochemical, antioxidant profiles and serum testosterone concentration in Muzzafarnagari rams. Twelve rams were randomly divided into two groups, control (n=6) and supplemental (n=6) group. The control group was fed with a diet satisfying NRC recommendations whereas the supplemental group was fed with T. cordifolia at the rate of 1g/kg body weight for 6 months. The semen samples were collected 60 days post-feeding. The result revealed that T. cordifolia supplementation did not have a significant effect on physico-morphological, biochemical attributes of semen and serum testosterone concentrations in rams. The concentration of cholesterol, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase were, however, increased (P<0.05) in seminal plasma. It was concluded that the possible protective effects of T. cordifolia supplementation were enhancing antioxidant enzymes and cholesterol concentrations in semen which may be protected the spermatozoa during cryopreservation and thus enhancing fertility in farm animals. PMID:23755935

Jayaganthan, P; Perumal, P; Balamurugan, T C; Verma, R P; Singh, L P; Pattanaik, A K; Kataria, Meena

2013-05-14

168

AVIAN SEMEN CRYOPRESERVATION: WHAT ARE THE BIOLOGICAL CHALLENGES?  

Science.gov (United States)

More than fifty years ago, the discovery of glycerol’s cryoprotective properties pioneered the success of modern cryobiology and led to the development of semen cryopreservation for a wide range of species. Despite the fact that this scientific breakthrough was accomplished with rooster semen, the ...

169

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...was free of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), swine vesicular disease (SVD), and...responses and there is no clinical evidence of FMD, the group shall be eligible for collection of semen with respect to FMD. Otherwise, none of the group shall...

2009-01-01

170

Effect of Management Systems on Semen Quality of Muscovy Drakes  

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Full Text Available Semen quality of muscovy drakes was studied in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) under semi-intensive management system (SI), intensive system with wallow (IW) and intensive system without wallow (IO) using 12 active drakes in plot containing 60 female Ducklings. Semen collected by manual massage method 3 times at 5 days intervals beginning from week 33 showed that semen volume, sperm motility and sperm count were significantly higher (P0.05) in the proportion of normal sperm and semen pH that could be attributed to management systems adopted; but sperm concentration of drakes in the 3 management systems varied significantly (P< 0.05) being 1761.67 x 106/ml (SI), 1801.67 x 106/m (IW) and 1700.00 x 106/ml (IO). In conclusion, availability of Swimming water in the range and wallow contributes positively to the semen quality of Drakes.

I.F. Etuk; G.S. Ojewola; E.N. Nwachukwu

2006-01-01

171

AZF Microdeletions in Human Semen Infected with Bacteria  

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Full Text Available Bacterial infections are associated with infertility in men. This study was aimed to investigate microdeletions on Yq chromosome in semen infected with bacteria by using bacteriological, biochemical, and serological assays. The investigation showed that 107 of 300 (84.80%) semen samples collected from infertile men with primary or secondary infertility were infected with different species of bacteria. Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae were the most frequently diagnosed bacteria in the infected semen samples. The percentages of infections of semen samples with C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhea were 42.31% and 35.28% respectively. Genomic DNA from each semen sample infected with predominant bacteria was analyzed for AZF deletions by using multiplex PCR. Different patterns of AZF microdeletions were obtained. It can be concluded that sexually transmitted bacteria may contribute in microdeletions of Yq chromosome by indirectly producing reactive oxygen species and causing gene defect in AZF regions.

Hayfa H Hassani; Zainab SH Khalaf; Ehaim J Samarie; Mohammed A Ibrahim

2011-01-01

172

Risk of Salmonella transmission via cryopreserved semen in turkey flocks.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To investigate the possibility to carry pathogen bacteria in turkey flocks via cryopreserved semen, research was carried out 1) to investigate the microbial contamination of fresh and frozen thawed turkey semen and 2) to evaluate the effect of the freezing-thawing process on the survival of 3 serovars of Salmonella spp. experimentally inoculated in turkey semen. Five pools of semen diluted 4-fold were cooled, added with 8% of dimethylacetamide as a cryoprotectant, and aliquots of 80 muL were directly plunged into liquid nitrogen to form frozen pellets. Mesophilic viable counts, total and fecal coliforms, Enterobacteriaceae, enterococci, Campylobacter spp., and Salmonella spp. were investigated on fresh and thawed samples. Further, 5 pools of diluted semen were each divided into 3 subsamples, inoculated with 7.8 +/- 0.2 log cfu.mL(-1) of Salmonella Liverpool, Salmonella Montevideo, and Salmonella Braenderup, respectively, and cryopreserved before to assess the postthaw viability of Salmonella spp. strains. Fresh semen was highly contaminated by all of the saprophytic bacteria investigated and the cryopreservation process reduced the amount of mesophilic viable count and total coliforms (P < 0.05) and fecal coliforms, Enterobacteriaceae, and enterococci (P < 0.01) by about 1 log cfu.mL(-1). Conversely, neither Campylobacter spp. nor Salmonella spp. were found as endogenous bacteria in semen. In the inoculated semen, both Salmonella Liverpool, Salmonella Montevideo, and Salmonella Braenderup colonies were recovered postthaw, showing a significant reduction of 2.03 +/- 0.28, 3.08 +/- 0.22, and 2.72 +/- 0.23 log cfu.mL(-1), respectively, compared with the fresh semen (P < 0.001). In conclusion, the cryopreservation process allowed us to obtain a low reduction of microbial count both in endogenous saprophytic bacteria and artificially inoculated Salmonella spp. strains; therefore, the possibility of Samonella spp. transmission to flocks through the use of infected cryopreserved semen does exist.

Iaffaldano N; Reale A; Sorrentino E; Coppola R; Di Iorio M; Rosato MP

2010-09-01

173

Blood and Semen Selenium Concentrations and Semen Quality in Boars Fed Diets Supplemented with Organic or Inorganic Selenium  

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Effect of dietary supplementation of organic or inorganic selenium on blood and semen selenium concentrations and semen quality was determined in 10 boars. During the 4 weeks of pre-experimental period, all boars were fed a basal diet containing 0.15 mg kg-1 of inorganic selenium. Thereaf...

Khuanruan Thongchalam; Theera Rukkwamsuk; Srisuwan Chomchai

174

Effect of Diluent Supplementation with Different Levels of Orange Juice on Semen Quality during Liquid Storage of Roosters' Semen  

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Full Text Available The effect of adding orange juice to the extender of roosters' semen on mass activity, individual motility, dead and abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormalities were studied. A total of 60 White layer cocks, 32 weeks of age, randomly divided into 6 groups of 10 cocks each were used in this experiment. The treatment groups were; T1 - the control (fresh semen) ; T2 - the semen extended 1 : 1 with Al-Daraji 2 extender (AD2E) alone , whereas T3 , T4 , T5 and T6 represented semen samples extended with AD2E extender and supplemented with 1 , 4 , 7 or 10 ml of orange juice / 100 ml extender. Results revealed that after 0, 24, 48 or 72 h in vitro storage, the supplementation of roosters semen extender with 7 and 10 ml orange juice / 100 ml of extender (T5, T6) caused significant (P 0.05) between T5 and T6 and among T2, T3 and T4 regarding all semen characteristics included in this study. In conclusion the supplementation of orange juice into semen extender plays an important role in protecting spermatozoa against the harmful effects of lipid peroxidation during in vitro storage of roosters' semen for up to 72 hours.

Hazim J. Al-Daraji

2012-01-01

175

Sperm Ubiquitination Correlation with Human Semen Quality  

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Full Text Available Background: Ubiquitin, an 8.5 kDa peptide that marks other proteins for proteasomal degradation, tags defective sperm during epididymal passage. Thus, sperm ubiquitination is a universal marker for sperm defects and can be used as a sperm function test. The objective of the present study was to examine the relationships between sperm ubiquitination and clinical semen parameters, using simplified immunofluorescence assays in order to establish ubiquitin as a biomarker of male infertility. Methods: Semen samples from 100 couples attending Avicenna Infertility Clinic, Tehran, Iran, were collected and analyzed according to WHO criteria. Each sample was washed and adjusted at 106 sperm/ml concentration. Sperm were coated on slides, using cytospin centrifugation and were fixed in buffered formaldehyde. Subsequently ubiquitinated spermatozoa were evaluated by direct immunofluorescence microscopy using FITC-labeled anti-ubiquitin antibodies. After counting at least 200 sperm per sample, while employing light microscopy, the percentage of ubiquitinated spermatozoa was recorded on the same fields through epifluorescence microscopy. Results: Negative correlations were obtained between sperm ubiquitination and sperm count (r=-0.278, P< 0.001), sperm concentration (r=-0.37, P< 0.001), viability (r=-0.407, P< 0.001), sperm morphology (r=-0.509, P< 0.001), rapid progressive motility (a) (r=-0.246, P< 0.001) and slow progressive motility (b) (r=-0.474, P< 0.001). There was a positive correlation between ubiquitinated sperm and the percentage of immotile spermatozoa (r=0.486, P< 0.000). Conclusion: Increased sperm ubiquitination is inversely associated with good semen quality parameters, supporting the use of ubiquitin as a biomarker for evaluation of human sperm quality.

M Hodjat; A Talebian; MA Akhondi; H Zeraati; A Shabani; MR Sadeghi

2008-01-01

176

EFFECT OF LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS IN EXTENDER ON FREEZABILITY AND FERTILITY OF EGYPTIAN BUFFALO BULL SEMEN  

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Full Text Available Semen from three Egyptian buffalo bulls was collected once weekly and ejaculates with more 75% progressive motility and more 85 % normal sperm morphology prior to cryopreservation were pooled in order to have sufficient semen for a replicate and to eliminate the bulls effect. Seven extenders were used: Tris 20 % egg yolk extender with 7 ml glycerol as a control (T1), and substitution of whole egg yolk with 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 % low density lipoprotein (LDL), T2 – T6, respectively. Semen was diluted to 80 x106 sperm/ml, packaged into 0.25 ml straws, cooled, held at 5.C for 4 h, and then frozen in liquid nitrogen (LN) and stored at -196.C for at least one month. Sperm progressive motility, intact acrosome and plasma membrane integrity were assesd at post dilution, equilibration, post-thawing (at 37.C for 30 sec.) and after 30 days storage in LN. This study reveled that LDL extenders were more effective in preservation of progressive motility, intact acrosome and integrity of the plasma membrane of buffalo spermatozoa than whole egg yolk extender. Sperm progressive, intact acrosome and plasma membrane integrity were much higher (P < 0.05) in the 12% LDL extender (63.3, 77.17 and 71.3% respectively) vs. 35, 40.8 and 34.7% in the control 20% EY extender at post-thawing process, respectively. Fertility rates were higher in extender containing 12% LDLs compared with the control (72.7% vs. 50%, respectively). It was concluded that LDL (12%) in extender improved the freezability and fertility of buffalo bull spermatozoa.

El-Sharawy; M. E.; El-Shamaa; I. S.; Ibrahim; M.A.R.; Abd El-Razek; I. M.; El-Seify; E.M.

2012-01-01

177

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality  

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Full Text Available It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress) and 3 months after (non-stress) the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO concentration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 ± 3.70 vs 77.62 ± 7.13 x 10(6)/mL), rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 ± 1.66 vs 20.86 ± 1.63%) and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 ± 0.01 vs 0.22 ± 0.01 U/mL) were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 ± 0.56 vs 10.02 ± 0.49 µmol/L) was higher compared to the non-stress period (P < 0.001 for all). During stress there was a negative correlation between NO concentration and sperm concentration, the percentage of rapid progressive motility and arginase activity (r = -0.622, P < 0.01; r = -0.425, P < 0.05 and r = -0.445, P < 0.05, respectively). These results indicate that psychological stress causes an increase of NO level and a decrease of arginase activity in the L-arginine-NO pathway. Furthermore, poor sperm quality may be due to excessive production of NO under psychological stress. In the light of these results, we suggest that the arginine-NO pathway, together with arginase and NO synthase, are involved in semen quality under stress conditions.

Eskiocak S.; Gozen A.S.; Taskiran A.; Kilic A.S.; Eskiocak M.; Gulen S.

2006-01-01

178

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress) and 3 months after (non-stress) the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO concentration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 +/- 3.70 vs 77.62 +/- 7.13 x 10(6)/mL), rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 +/- 1.66 vs 20.86 +/- 1.63%) and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 +/- 0.01 vs 0.22 +/- 0.01 U/mL) were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 +/- 0.56 vs 10.02 +/- 0.49 micromol/L) was higher compared to the non-stress period (P < 0.001 for all). During stress there was a negative correlation between NO concentration and sperm concentration, the percentage of rapid progressive motility and arginase activity (r = -0.622, P < 0.01; r = -0.425, P < 0.05 and r = -0.445, P < 0.05, respectively). These results indicate that psychological stress causes an increase of NO level and a decrease of arginase activity in the L-arginine-NO pathway. Furthermore, poor sperm quality may be due to excessive production of NO under psychological stress. In the light of these results, we suggest that the arginine-NO pathway, together with arginase and NO synthase, are involved in semen quality under stress conditions. PMID:16648894

Eskiocak, S; Gozen, A S; Taskiran, A; Kilic, A S; Eskiocak, M; Gulen, S

2006-04-20

179

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress) and 3 months after (non-stress) the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO concentration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 +/- 3.70 vs 77.62 +/- 7.13 x 10(6)/mL), rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 +/- 1.66 vs 20.86 +/- 1.63%) and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 +/- 0.01 vs 0.22 +/- 0.01 U/mL) were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 +/- 0.56 vs 10.02 +/- 0.49 micromol/L) was higher compared to the non-stress period (P < 0.001 for all). During stress there was a negative correlation between NO concentration and sperm concentration, the percentage of rapid progressive motility and arginase activity (r = -0.622, P < 0.01; r = -0.425, P < 0.05 and r = -0.445, P < 0.05, respectively). These results indicate that psychological stress causes an increase of NO level and a decrease of arginase activity in the L-arginine-NO pathway. Furthermore, poor sperm quality may be due to excessive production of NO under psychological stress. In the light of these results, we suggest that the arginine-NO pathway, together with arginase and NO synthase, are involved in semen quality under stress conditions.

Eskiocak S; Gozen AS; Taskiran A; Kilic AS; Eskiocak M; Gulen S

2006-05-01

180

Association of soybean-based extenders with field fertility of stored ram (Ovis aries) semen: a randomized double-blind parallel group design.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Two consecutive randomized double-blind field fertility experiments were conducted over a 4-month period and aimed at evaluating the association of two commercial soybean lecithin-based extenders (AndroMed [Minitub, Tiefenbach, Germany] and BioXcell [IMV Technologies, L'Aigle, France]) with pregnancy rates of chilled-stored (CS) and frozen-thawed (FT) ram semen. Semen samples with more than 2 × 10(9) sperm per mL and 70% progressive motile spermatozoa were collected via an artificial vagina from twelve proven fertile Chios rams, split-diluted with the above mentioned extenders, packaged in 0.25 mL straws and either stored at 5 ± 1 °C for 30 to 36 hours or frozen and thawed. Non-lactating multiparous ewes were inseminated in progestagen-synchronized estrus either with CS (AndroMed: N = 212 and BioXcell: N = 206; intracervical AI) or with FT (AndroMed: N = 114 and BioXcell: N = 92; laparoscopic intrauterine AI) semen. Ovulation was confirmed in all ewes based on determination of blood plasma progesterone (>1 ng/mL) 8 days post AI. Ewes were screened for pregnancy diagnosis by transabdominal ultrasonography 65 days post AI. BioXcell was superior to AndroMed in preserving the fertilizing potential of CS (P < 0.05) and FT (P < 0.005) semen. In AndroMed-stored semen, young rams (1.5-2.5 years old, N = 8) had a pregnancy rate (59.1%; 124/210) lower than that (72.4%; 84/116) of mature rams (4.5 to 5.5 years, N = 4; P < 0.025). Compared with AndroMed extender, processing of young ram semen in BioXcell extender improved pregnancy rates of CS (66.7%; 88/132 vs. 83.9%; 94/112; P < 0.005) and FT (46.2%; 36/78 vs. 71.0%; 44/62; P < 0.01) spermatozoa. Both extenders were similarly effective in preserving pregnancy rates of mature ram semen (P > 0.05). Ram-by-extender interactions were significant for pregnancy rates of CS and FT semen. Irrespective of extenders, overall pregnancy rates after intracervical and intrauterine AI were 75.1% and 62.2%, respectively (P < 0.001). In conclusion, BioXcell is a suitable extender for short- and long-term storage of ram semen. Selection of the ewes, farms, and extenders for intracervical AI programs can contribute to satisfactory fertility rates with semen preserved more than 24 hours at 5 °C.

Khalifa T; Lymberopoulos A; Theodosiadou E

2013-02-01

 
 
 
 
181

Semen Quality of Holstein and Buffalo Bulls after Filtration using Sephadex Column  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the effect of sephadex column filtration technique on semen quality of five Holstein bulls and five Egyptian buffalo bulls. Semen was collected biweekly from each eight weeks. Immediately after collection, semen was extended (37degree C) and filtered using sephadex column-filtration technique. Semen was evaluated for physical semen characteristics including, percentages of sperm motility, live sperm and sperm abnormality as well as sperm cell concentration pre-and post-filtration. Results show that among all physical semen characteristics, only ejaculate semen volume was significantly (P

2008-01-01

182

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress) and 3 months after (non-stress) the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO con (more) centration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 ± 3.70 vs 77.62 ± 7.13 x 10(6)/mL), rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 ± 1.66 vs 20.86 ± 1.63%) and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 ± 0.01 vs 0.22 ± 0.01 U/mL) were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 ± 0.56 vs 10.02 ± 0.49 µmol/L) was higher compared to the non-stress period (P

Eskiocak, S.; Gozen, A.S.; Taskiran, A.; Kilic, A.S.; Eskiocak, M.; Gulen, S.

2006-05-01

183

Elemental composition of human semen is associated with motility and genomic sperm defects among older men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Older men tend to have poorer semen quality and are generally at higher risks for infertility and abnormal reproductive outcomes. METHODS: We employed proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE, 3 MeV proton beam) to investigate the concentrations of zinc, copper, calcium, sulfur, chlorine, potassium, titanium, iron and nickel in washed sperm and seminal plasma from non-smoking groups of 10 older men (65-80 years old) and 10 younger men (22-28 years old) who were concurrently assayed for sperm function and genomicly defective sperm. RESULTS: The older group showed elevated zinc, copper and calcium in sperm and elevated sulfur in seminal plasma compared with the younger men. The older group also showed reduced motility as well as increased sperm DNA fragmentation, achondroplasia mutations, DNA strand breaks and chromosomal aberrations. Sperm calcium and copper were positively associated with sperm DNA fragmentation (P < 0.03). Seminal sulfur was positively associated with sperm DNA fragmentation and chromosomal aberrations (P < 0.04), and negatively associated with sperm motility (P < 0.05). Sperm calcium was negatively associated with sperm motility, independent of male age (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We identified major differences in elemental concentrations between sperm and seminal plasma and that higher sperm copper, sulfur and calcium are quantitatively associated with poorer semen quality and increased frequencies of genomic sperm defects.

Schmid TE; Grant PG; Marchetti F; Weldon RH; Eskenazi B; Wyrobek AJ

2013-01-01

184

Effect of environmental pollutants on human semen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With the increased release of numerous chemical substances into the biosphere, careful assessment of health effects of polluted environment must be made for maintaining and enhancing the quality of human life on this earth. Significant number of malformed children are born each year. Sixty-five to 70% of all birth defects have an unknown etiology. More than one-third of early human conception and up to 15% of recognized pregnancies are terminated by spontaneous abortion. The extent of the effect of environmental pollution on human reproductive performance is for the most part unknown. Of the approximately five million chemicals in existence, humans could be expose to a sufficient quantity of an estimated 53,000 for toxicity to be of potential problem. Methods that do not require autopsy or surgery such as semen analysis would be attractive for assessing the effect of environmental toxicology on quality of human life. Therefore, the present study was conducted to observe the effects of heavily polluted environment of industrial area of Ludhiana and relatively clean, pollution free environment of Chandigarh on the human semen quality. It was believed that the function of the male reproductive system may often be the most sensitive to toxic effects.

Kaur, S.

1988-01-01

185

Semen cryopreservation protocols of Mangalarga Marchador stallions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The effect of the utilization of three semen protocols (Inra 82®, Merck Gema and Botu-crio®) and two filling techniques (0.25 and 0.50 mL straws) in Mangalarga Marchador stallions were studied in this experiment. Sperm parameters were assessed during processing and post-freezing. No interactions between the protocols and type of filling were observed, so they were assessed separately. Sperm parameters were not altered when the extender was added to the centrifugation; however, there was reduction of motility and strength when freezing extenders were added. The Botu-crio® protocol preserved the parameters of total and progressive sperm motility, smoothed path velocity (µm/s), straight line velocity (µm/s), track velocity (µm/s) and the average and fast spermatozoa percentage better than the others. No difference between the extenders for the percentage of sperm integrity was observed. There was no difference in the responses studied on the filling techniques. The stallions presented better freezing with the use of the Botu-crio® protocol. The best post-freezing viability results were found for semen frozen using the Botu-crio® protocol and there were no differences concerning the sperm quality comparing 0.25 and 0.50 mL straws.

Marcela Leite Candeias; Marco Antonio Alvarenga; Márcio Teoro do Carmo; Heder Nunes Ferreira; Mônica Russo Souto Maior; Rodolpho de Almeida Torres Filho; André Luís Rios Rodrigues; Felipe Zandonadi Brandão

2012-01-01

186

Time for improvement in semen parameters after varicocelectomy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: While there are a number of studies documenting a positive effect of varicocelectomy on semen parameters, the length of time required following varicocelectomy for semen quality to improve is not well established. Therefore, in this study we identified the changes with time in semen parameters after varicocelectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records and database of 304 patients who underwent varicocele repair for subfertility were reviewed retrospectively. All men had at least 2 preoperative semen analyses as well as semen testing at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: For the 100 patients who met the study inclusion criteria mean sperm counts increased significantly by 3 and 6 months after varicocelectomy (by 53% and 38% by 3 and 6 months, p = 0.0003 and 0.001, respectively). By 3 and 6 months the combined groups had a mean 2.5 and 1.5-fold higher total motile count compared to the preoperative total motile count, respectively. There was no further improvement in semen parameters in those men followed for more than 6 months. There were no statistically significant differences in the improvement in semen volume, motility, count or total motile count comparing the results at 3, 6 and more than 9 months postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Sperm parameters improve by 3 months after varicocele repair and then do not improve further. This finding should allow physicians to decide quickly if varicocelectomy has been effective and, then, if required, plan on the use of other therapies to manage the couples' infertility.

Al Bakri A; Lo K; Grober E; Cassidy D; Cardoso JP; Jarvi K

2012-01-01

187

PROSTAGLANDIN F2? SUPPLEMENTED SEMEN IMPROVES LANDRACE BOARS SPERM MOTILITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated whether the sperm motility from Landrace boars improveswhen PGF2? (Dinolytic®; 5 mg PGF2? /ml) was added to diluted semen. Boars fromone large production unit, were manually collected; semen was either enriched withPGF2? (group 1, n=38), either untreated (group 2, n=32). Total volume of semencollected, percent of motility and number of obtained doses were recorded. Thehighest sperm volume collected from the two groups is corresponding to ejaculatesfrom Landrace boars with PGF2? supplemented semen (267.6 m)l. Regardingmotility, the sperm collected from Landrace boars with PGF2? supplemented semenwas higher from the one collected from Landrace boars with untreated semen(81.37%) and very significant differences were statistically determined. Theejaculates with highest number of obtained doses is corresponding to the onescollected from boars with PGF2? supplemented semen (25.21). Only boars from thefirst group (with PGF2? supplemented semen) showed motility over 70% and even100%. The untreated semen showed motility values around 65-70%.

IOANA SGUR?; N. P?CAL?; RAMONA UNTARU; F. NEGRU?; NICOLETA IONESCU

2009-01-01

188

Effect of Seasonal Variation on Semen Quality and Herd Fertility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The data of the present study were collected from Bangladesh Milk Producer`s Co-operative Union Limited (BMPCUL) at Baghabarighat, Sirajgonj to investigate the bull performance among various seasons through semen quality and 30-day non return rate. To evaluate the seasonal variation on semen quality and bull fertility the experimental period was divided into three seasons; a) Summer season (March to June), b) Rainy season (July to October) and c) Winter season (November to February). Data on 245 ejaculates and 12,750 services of almost same aged 5 Sahiwal bulls (B1, B2, B3, B4 and B5) over a period of 5 years were collected from Animal Breeding section and Cattle Feed Unit of BMPCUL. The performance of five bulls was compared in three seasons i.e. summer, rainy and winter and summer was observed to be the best for most parameters studied. Seasons had significant (p<0.05) effect on semen volume, initial and post- thawing sperm motility and pH of semen but not on sperm motility of diluted semen and fertility. The significant (p<0.01) bull x season interaction was noticed in semen volume, sperm motility at initial and post-thawing stages, pH and fertility but not on sperm motility of diluted semen.

M.P. Mostari; M.S. Hasanat; S.A. Azmal; K.N. Monira; H. Khatun

2005-01-01

189

Semen preservation and artificial insemination in domesticated South American camelids.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Semen preservation and artificial insemination in South American camelids are reviewed giving emphasis to work done in Peru and by the authors. Reports on semen evaluation and the preservation process indicate that semen of alpacas and llamas can be manipulated by making it liquid first. Collagenase appears to be the best enzyme to eliminate viscosity. Tris buffer solution maintains a higher motility than egg-yolk citrate, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), Triladyl, and Merck-I extenders. Cooling of semen took 1h after collected, and equilibrated with 7% glycerol presented a better motility and spermatozoa survival at 1, 7, 15 and 30days after being slowly frozen in 0.25mL plastic straws. Trials of artificial insemination with freshly diluted semen and frozen-thawed semen are encouraging and needs to be tested extensively under field conditions. Recently, fertility rates varied from 3 to 67%. Semen preservation and most important, artificial insemination appear to be a reality, and could be used to improve the genetic quality of alpacas and llamas.

Bravo PW; Alarcon V; Baca L; Cuba Y; Ordoñez C; Salinas J; Tito F

2013-01-01

190

Effect of exposing rams to a female stimulus before semen collection on ram libido and semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rams with strong libido and desirable semen characteristics can provide more insemination doses per ejaculate and produce more progeny, improving population genetic linkage to improve the accuracy of EBV. The objective of this study was to determine if teasing rams, either by sight and smell alone (Exp. 1), or physical contact (Exp. 2), could improve libido and semen quality of rams. In Exp. 1, there were 3 treatments in which rams were exposed to the sight and smell of the ewe for 1 h: control treatment (n = 5) in which rams were exposed to a ewe not in estrus; non-novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were exposed to a ewe in estrus and the same ewe was used for semen collection; and novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were exposed to a ewe in estrus and a different ewe in estrus was used for semen collection. In Exp. 2, rams were individually given full access to a ewe, which had a cotton apron fitted to cover her vulva, for 15 min. The 3 treatments in Exp. 2 were: control treatment (n = 5) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe not in estrus; a non-novel treatment (n = 5) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe in estrus and the same ewe was used for semen collection; novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe in estrus and a different ewe in estrus was used for semen collection. Experiment 1 was repeated for 5 consecutive days and Exp. 2 was repeated for 4 consecutive days. Data on reaction time, number of mounts, semen volume, semen concentration, sperm wave motion, and progressive linear motion (Exp. 1 only) were collected and analyzed as a randomized complete block design, where rams were initially blocked for breed and age. In Exp. 1, there was an effect of day (P semen volume, whereas there was also an effect of treatment (P semen volume (P = 0.08), which was most evident on d 1. This study demonstrates an acute effect on d 1 on semen concentration when rams were exposed to the sight and smell of a ewe in estrus. Alternatively, when rams were stimulated with physical contact of a ewe in estrus, an acute increase in semen volume was evident on d 1. These effects were not evident on subsequent days and thus the overall benefits on ram libido and semen quality of exposing rams to ewes in estrus are minimal. PMID:22665631

Fahey, A G; Duffy, P; Fair, S

2012-06-04

191

Physical and morphological characteristics of Kankrej bull semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: Present investigation was carried out to study the physical characteristics of Kankrej bulls semen by evaluation of various semen parameters from neat semen and at various stages of semen preservation. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 ejaculates, 10 each from 6 mature Kankrej bulls, once in a week for 10 weeks, were collected and analyzed for various semen attributes. Result: The mean values for different seminal attributes were: ejaculate volume 4.84 ± 0.01 ml, pH 6.88 ± 0.01, mass motility 3.72 ± 0.02, sperm concentration 1253.83 ± 14.68 million / ml, individual motility 86.15 ± 0.30 per cent, live sperm count 90.58 ± 0.20 per cent, abnormal sperm count 4.24 ± 0.03 per cent and acrosomal integrity 81.17 ± 0.11 per cent. The colour of the Kankrej bull semen under the investigation was creamy white. Mean values of ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, live sperm count and acrosomal integrity of semen differed significantly (P < 0.05) among the bulls under investigation. The ejaculate volume was positively correlated with mass motility (+ 0.392) and sperm concentration (+ 0.385) and inversely proportional to the mass motility whereas mass motility positively correlated with volume (+0.392), individual sperm motility (+0.329) and live sperm count (+0.527). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the volume, pH, mass motility and sperm concentration of Kankrej bull semen were well comparable with other breeds of Indian cattle, however higher individual motility, live sperm count, acrosomal integrity and lower abnormal sperm count were recorded in the Kankrej bull semen. [Vet World 2013; 6(7.000): 405-408

Bharatkumar R. Patel; G. M. Siddiquee

2013-01-01

192

Effect of pre-freeze semen quality, extender and cryoprotectant on the post-thaw quality of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen cryopreservation and artificial insemination (AI) are potentially valuable methods for supporting the breeding management of endangered species like the Asian elephant. Cryopreservation of Asian elephant semen has however proven problematic with respect to maintenance of both adequate semen quality and fertility post-thaw. In this study, nine ejaculates from three adult bulls were used to compare the influence of extender (TEST versus INRA96®) and penetrating cryoprotectants (3% glycerol, 5% glycerol and 4% methylformamide) on post-thaw semen quality. We demonstrate that not only the freezing process, but also the quality of the semen before freezing, significantly influences the freezability of Asian elephant semen. Pre-freeze motility, viability, semen volume, semen pH, sperm concentration and the incidence of sperm mid-piece and tail abnormalities all significantly (pelephant bull ejaculates suitable for cryopreservation; stricter initial selection should improve the mean post-thaw quality. PMID:23168056

Imrat, P; Suthanmapinanth, P; Saikhun, K; Mahasawangkul, S; Sostaric, E; Sombutputorn, P; Jansittiwate, S; Thongtip, N; Pinyopummin, A; Colenbrander, B; Holt, W V; Stout, T A E

2012-11-17

193

EFFECT OF SEMEN DILUENT ADDITIVES ON SPERMATOZOAL VIABILITY OF KANKREJ BULL SEMEN FOLLOWING CRYOPRESERVATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Total 60 ejaculates, 10 each from 6 mature Kankrej bulls were divided into 3 equal aliquots, the first aliquot was added withTFYG diluent with EDTA (0.1%), second with TFYG diluent and caffeine (0.5%) as semen diluent additives and third without additive as control and each aliquot was evaluated at post diluted, post equilibrated and post thawed stages for individual motility, live sperm count, abnormal sperm count and acrosomal integrity. Thepercentage of individual motility, live sperm and acrosomal integrity were significantly higher (P < 0.05) and abnormal sperm count was significantly lower (P < 0.05) in presence of EDTA and caffeine as compared to TFYG diluent without any additive at allstages of semen preservation. It can be concluded that motility, viability and acrosomal integrity of spermatozoa were increased and abnormality was decreased after addition of EDTA and caffeine asadditives when compared with TFYG diluent without any additive.

B. R. Patel; G. M. Siddiquee

2012-01-01

194

Computerized semen analysis (CASA): effect of semen concentration and chamber depth on measurements.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of sample concentration and chamber depth on the performance of a real-time analysis computer-assisted semen analysis system, the Hobson Sperm Tracker. Fresh semen samples were provided by patients or donors who attended the author's clinic. The samples were used to estimate total concentration, percentage motility, and sperm kinematics. A considerable variation was found in total concentration and motility recordings between manual and computerized analysis, which was more profound in high-density samples (>80 x 10(6) sperm/mL). The sperm motion parameters were significantly different between low- and high-density samples. This difference could not have been due to sample variation since it was also observed after 1:10 dilution of dense samples. The results indicate that a real-time analysis system can be used clinically for semen analysis over a wide range of sperm concentration. However, high sperm concentration can distort sperm count, motility, and sperm kinematics recordings.

Spiropoulos J

2001-01-01

195

EFFECT OF TWO PROTOCOLS OF CRYOPRESERVATION ON FERTILIZING CAPACITY OF STALLION (Equus caballus) SEMEN EFECTO DE DOS PROTOCOLOS DE CRIOPRESERVACIÓN SOBRE LA CAPACIDAD FECUNDANTE DE SEMEN EQUINO (Equus caballus)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract. Semen cryopreservation is a fundamental process for the development of biotechnologies for assisted reproduction in horses. The use of cryopreservation techniques with changes in concentrations and the nature of the cryoprotectant, as well as, the different types of vials for storage of semen, have become an alternative to improve the protocols used. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of two protocols of cryopreservation (freezing and vitrification) on the fertilizing capacity of stallion semen. The study was conducted with horses of the Criollo Colombiano breed. For freezing was used a extender supplemented with egg yolk (4%) and dimethyl formamide (5%), and 0.5 mL straws as vials, whereas for vitrification, the extender was supplemented with egg yolk (8%) and dimethyl formamide (8%), and cryovials were used as carriers. As post thaw parameters were evaluated: progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and integrity of the plasma membrane through the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS). For statistical evaluation was fitted a generalized linear model (GLM) and means were compared by the Tukey test. Were found average percentages of progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and HOS of 41.6 ± 11.8 and 37 ± 8.5, 54.3 ± 10.2 and 52.3 ± 7.8, 83.1 ± 5.4 and 83.6 ± 5.8, 41.7 ± 9.8 and 38.9 ± 3.6, for cryopreserved semen by freezing and vitrification, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences (P ? 0.05) between treatments for any of the parameters evaluated. The fertilizing capacity of equine semen cryopreserved by vitrification is comparable to that obtained by conventional freezing.Resumen. La criopreservación de semen es un proceso fundamental en el desarrollo de biotecnologías para la reproducción asistida en equinos. El uso de diferentes técnicas de criopreservación con cambios en las concentraciones y la naturaleza de los crioprotectores, así como en los diferentes tipos de soportes para el almacenamiento del semen, se ha constituido en una alternativa para mejorar los protocolos empleados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dos protocolos de criopreservación (congelación y vitrificación), sobre la capacidad fecundante del semen equino. El estudio se realizó con equinos de la raza Criollo Colombiano. Para la congelación se empleó un diluyente suplementado con de yema de huevo (4%) y dimetilformamida (5%), y pajillas de 0,5 mL como soportes; mientras que para la vitrificación, el diluyente fue suplementado con yema de huevo (8%) y dimetilformamida (8%) y se usaron crioviales como soportes. Post-descongelación, se evaluaron los parámetros: movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal e integridad de la membrana plasmática (HOS). Para la evaluación estadística se ajustó un modelo lineal generalizado (GLM) y las medias se compararon por la prueba de Tukey. Se encontraron porcentajes promedio de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal y HOS de 41,6±11,8 y 37,0±8,5, 54,3±10,2 y 52,3±7,8, 83,1±5,4 y 83,6±5,8, 41,7±9,8 y 38,9±3,6, para el semen criopreservado por congelación y vitrificación, respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (P ? 0,05) entre los tratamientos para ninguno de los parámetros evaluados. La capacidad fecundante del semen equino criopreservado por vitrificación es equiparable a la obtenida por congelación convencional.

Giovanni Restrepo Betancur; Juan Esteban Duque Cortés; Juan David Montoya Páez

2012-01-01

196

Effect of pre-freeze semen quality, extender and cryoprotectant on the post-thaw quality of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Semen cryopreservation and artificial insemination (AI) are potentially valuable methods for supporting the breeding management of endangered species like the Asian elephant. Cryopreservation of Asian elephant semen has however proven problematic with respect to maintenance of both adequate semen quality and fertility post-thaw. In this study, nine ejaculates from three adult bulls were used to compare the influence of extender (TEST versus INRA96®) and penetrating cryoprotectants (3% glycerol, 5% glycerol and 4% methylformamide) on post-thaw semen quality. We demonstrate that not only the freezing process, but also the quality of the semen before freezing, significantly influences the freezability of Asian elephant semen. Pre-freeze motility, viability, semen volume, semen pH, sperm concentration and the incidence of sperm mid-piece and tail abnormalities all significantly (p<0.05) affected post-thaw semen quality. While extender and cryoprotectant did not significantly affect any of the above semen quality parameters post-thaw, the skim-milk based extender (INRA96®) preserved DNA integrity better (p<0.05) than the egg yolk extender (TEST). Considerable between-ejaculate variation in all post-thaw semen quality parameters was also noted. It is concluded that strict criteria for semen quality is essential for the selection of Asian elephant bull ejaculates suitable for cryopreservation; stricter initial selection should improve the mean post-thaw quality.

Imrat P; Suthanmapinanth P; Saikhun K; Mahasawangkul S; Sostaric E; Sombutputorn P; Jansittiwate S; Thongtip N; Pinyopummin A; Colenbrander B; Holt WV; Stout TA

2013-02-01

197

Processing stored stallion semen doses by Single Layer Centrifugation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine if the quality of stored stallion semen doses could be enhanced by the scaled-up version of Single Layer Centrifugation using Androcoll-E-Large. Three semen doses from each of fifteen stallions were transported overnight to the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) for processing 24 h after semen collection. Sperm quality in the resulting SLC-selected samples was significantly improved compared to the uncentrifuged samples: mean progressive motility was increased by 8% on the day of processing (P Androcoll-E Small, sperm quality was found to be similar, although it was not maintained for as long in the sperm samples stored before SLC. These results suggest an additional option for improving sperm quality in stallion semen doses for artificial insemination. PMID:21798585

Morrell, J M; Garcia, B Macias; Pena, F J; Johannisson, A

2011-07-28

198

[Semen parameters in fertile men from two South American populations].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study compared semen parameters from fertile men of two South American cities (Medellín-Colombia and Petrópolis-Brazil) to investigate their differences in some semen parameters. METHODS: We evaluated semen volume using a graduated tube, total progressive motility (a + b) using light microscopy (40X) and sperm concentration using a Neubauer Counting Chamber. RESULTS: We observed that fertile men from Medellín presented a significantly lower volume (p<0.0001), whereas individuals from Petrópolis presented a significantly lower percentage of total progressive motility (p<0.0001). On the other hand, no difference was found in sperm concentration (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, this study showed differences in semen parameters between fertile men of these South American populations. We think that these differences could be attributed to the geographical variations, like those observed in other countries. However, new studies are required to investigate this phenomenon and their causes.

Berdugo J; Andrade-Rocha F; Cardona-Maya W

2009-10-01

199

Decreases in Human Semen Quality with Age Among Healthy Men.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of the report is to characterize the associations between age and semen quality among healthy active men after controlling for identified covariates. Ninety-seven healthy, nonsmoking men between 22 and 80 years without known fertility proble...

B. Eskenazi A. J. Wyrobek E. Sloter S. A. Kidd L. Moore S. S. Young D. Moore

2001-01-01

200

Risk factors for bacterial contamination during boar semen collection.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of multiple factors on bacterial contamination in 213 ejaculates from four boar studs. Semen contamination by aerobic mesophiles increased in ejaculates where the preputial fluid flowed into the collection container, collection glove was dirty, preputial hair was long (>1.0 cm), the collection lasted >7 min and boars were older than 18 months. An increase in coliforms occurred when preputial fluid dripped into the collection container, collections lasted >7 min or when penis escaped during collection. Semen contamination increased when two or more factors related to hygiene (poor hygiene of the boar, dirty preputial ostium, large preputial diverticulum, long preputial hair, dirty gloves, preputial liquid trickling from the hand of the technician into the semen container and penis escaping) were present. A vigilant protocol of collection must be followed to minimize bacterial contamination, especially avoiding dripping of preputial liquid into the semen container.

Goldberg AM; Argenti LE; Faccin JE; Linck L; Santi M; Bernardi ML; Cardoso MR; Wentz I; Bortolozzo FP

2013-10-01

 
 
 
 
201

Correlation of phthalate exposures with semen quality  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Phthalates are widely used man-made chemical released in the environment and human exposure is mainly through diet. As the phthalate plasticizers are not covalently bound to PVC, they can leach, migrate or evaporate into the environment and as a result have become ubiquitously contaminants. The present study investigates the correlation, if any, between the phthalate esters (DEP, DEHP, DBP, DMP, DOP) and sperm mitochondrial status, ROS, LPO, SCSA, and sperm quality. The study was conducted in the urban/rural population of Lucknow visiting Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, CSMMU, Lucknow. Semen analysis was performed according to the WHO guidelines while phthalate analysis by HPLC and LPO by spectrophotometer and the sperm mitochondrial status, ROS, SCSA using flow cytometry. The questionnaire data showed no significant difference in the demographic characteristics among the groups. In general, urban population was found to have statistically significant higher levels of phthalate esters than the rural. Further, infertile men showed statistically significant (p

2008-08-15

202

[Interference of age on semen quality].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: to evaluate the influence of age on the quality of semen in men submitted to spermatic analysis in a human reproduction service, in cases of conjugal infertility. METHODS: a retrospective study in which the spermiograms of all men in process of investigation for conjugal infertility in a service of assisted reproduction in the Northeast of Brazil were evaluated from September 2002 to December 2004. A number of 531 individuals submitted to 531 spermatic evaluations were included in the study. The following parameters have been analyzed: spermatic volume, concentration, motility and morphology. The men under investigation have been divided in groups, according to the results obtained in each of the variables studied. Seminal volume groups were divided in: hypospermia, normospermia and hyperspermia. Spermatic concentration groups were divided in: azoospermia, oligospermia, normospermia and polyspermia. Motility groups were divided in: normal motility and asthenospermia. Morphology groups were divided in: normal morphology and teratospermia. The t test has been used to compare the average age of patients in groups with normal and in groups with altered parameters. The program XLSTAT (p<0.05) has been used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: the individuals studied presented an average of 37+/-7.9 years old, with an average of seminal volume of 3+/-1.4 mL, a spermatic concentration of 61.4+/-66.4 spermatozoids by mL of semen, a progressive motility of 44.7+/-19.4% of the total of spermatozoids and normal morphology of 11.2+/-6.6% of the spermatozoids. Average age among groups were similar, except for that of individuals with hypospermia, which was significantly higher than the one from men with normospermia (39.6+/-10.3 versus 36.5+/-7.3, p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: age interferes in an inversely proportional way on the ejaculated volume, but does not influence spermatic concentration, motility and morphology.

Cavalcante MB; Rocha Mde P; Dias ML; Dias OJ; Souza DO; Roberto IG

2008-11-01

203

Testicular cancer and Hodgkin's disease: evaluation of semen quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to establish whether there is a difference in semen quality between patients with testicular cancer (TC) and Hodgkin's disease (HD). METHODS: We evaluated 342 patients affected by TC (n = 232) or HD (n = 110) who cryobanked sperm before initiating chemo- or radiotherapy. All TC patients were evaluated approximately 1 month after orchidectomy. RESULTS: A total of 14 patients were azoospermic or cryptozoospermic. In the TC group (n = 222) the mean of the semen parameters was normal according to the World Health Organization (1992). However, dividing the cases into total sperm count > or =40x10(6)/ejaculate and <40x10(6)/ejaculate, 35.5% of the patients showed an impaired semen quality. The quality of sperm parameters was higher in seminoma patients than for the other histological groups. A significant difference for all semen variables was observed between patients with serum betahCG levels classified as pathological (>5 mIU/ml) and those with normal serum betahCG. Comparison of semen parameters between TC stages I and II showed no significant differences. In the HD group (n = 106), we found that by and large they showed normal spermatogenesis, with only 24.5% having a total sperm count <40x10(6)/ejaculate. There was a significant decrease in semen quality in stages III and IV of HD. CONCLUSIONS: Better semen quality was observed in patients with HD than in those with TC. The semen quality observed in our TC and HD groups seems better than previous results reported in the literature.

Gandini L; Lombardo F; Salacone P; Paoli D; Anselmo AP; Culasso F; Dondero F; Lenzi A

2003-04-01

204

In vitro fertility assessment of Kundhi buffalo bull semen  

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Full Text Available The study was conducted on in-vitro fertility assessment of frozen thawed semen collected from Kundhi buffalo bull maintained at Department of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam. Before freezing of semen, each ejaculate was assessed for volume, sperm concentration, mass activity and moss motility percentage. Twenty semen samples having motility 60% or above were frozen for post-thaw assessment. Frozen thawed semen was incubated at 250C for 5 hours and examined for progressive linear motility and live dead sperm count. The mean volume, mass activity, moss motility percentage sperm concentrations and pH of the semen were found to be 2.79±0.217 ml, 2.85±0.111, 71.75±2.621, 11.35±1.255 millions/ml and 5.8185±0.092 respectively of fresh semen. No significant difference was found between the parameters except pH, which was significantly different between the bulls. The mean sperm motility percentage and live dead sperm count % of Kundhi buffalo bull semen was found to be 20.46±1.62 and 6.9± 0.2% for frozen semen. A significant (P< 0.05) difference was found between the bulls for post-thaw motility percentage. It was found that at 01 hour incubation, 43.25±2.95% of sperms were motile having 11.78±0.28 % dead sperm count. It was gradually decline from 0 to 5 hours incubation, After 5 hours, all sperms were found dead. It is concluded that sperms maintaining long term motility and having less live dead sperms count were considered suitable for artificial insemination.

Hamzo Khan Kunbhar,; T.A. Raho; M.U. Samo

2011-01-01

205

Hormonal induction and semen characteristics of tambaqui Colossoma macropomum.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the hatchery-bred tambaqui Colossoma macropomum, spontaneous semen release does not occur, and hand-stripping produces reduced semen volume. The goal of this work is to evaluate the effects of hormonal induction with carp pituitary extract (CPE) on both qualitative (visual aspect, pH, motility, viability and morphological abnormalities) and quantitative (volume, concentration and number of spermatozoa per ejaculate) traits of tambaqui semen. Eleven males were treated with CPE (induced), and 11 were left untreated as a control (non-induced). All analysed parameters except motility and percentage of viable spermatozoa presented significant differences (p semen volume and a 10-fold increase in the number of spermatozoa collected. However, both sperm concentration and the frequency of sperm with morphological abnormalities (commonly detached heads or bent tails) were significantly lower in CPE-induced fish. The hormonal induction of tambaqui males with CPE is efficient and positively influences some qualitative and quantitative properties of semen. Additionally, semen collection via gentle abdominal massage occurs more readily in CPE-induced fish. PMID:21208496

Maria, Alexandre Nizio; Azevedo, Hymerson Costa; Santos, Jadson Pinheiro; Carneiro, Paulo César Falanghe

2011-01-05

206

Hormonal induction and semen characteristics of tambaqui Colossoma macropomum.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the hatchery-bred tambaqui Colossoma macropomum, spontaneous semen release does not occur, and hand-stripping produces reduced semen volume. The goal of this work is to evaluate the effects of hormonal induction with carp pituitary extract (CPE) on both qualitative (visual aspect, pH, motility, viability and morphological abnormalities) and quantitative (volume, concentration and number of spermatozoa per ejaculate) traits of tambaqui semen. Eleven males were treated with CPE (induced), and 11 were left untreated as a control (non-induced). All analysed parameters except motility and percentage of viable spermatozoa presented significant differences (p < 0.05) between the induced and non-induced treatments. CPE induction resulted in a 25-fold increase in semen volume and a 10-fold increase in the number of spermatozoa collected. However, both sperm concentration and the frequency of sperm with morphological abnormalities (commonly detached heads or bent tails) were significantly lower in CPE-induced fish. The hormonal induction of tambaqui males with CPE is efficient and positively influences some qualitative and quantitative properties of semen. Additionally, semen collection via gentle abdominal massage occurs more readily in CPE-induced fish.

Maria AN; Azevedo HC; Santos JP; Carneiro PC

2012-02-01

207

[Body weight increase and quality of semen: a controversial association].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Infertility is a public health disorder affecting 10% of the population worldwide. Research on the impact of body mass index (BMI) on male fertility is very limited as compared to the multiple studies evaluating the impact of overweight in women's fertility. Although 25%-30% of the cases of couples consulting for infertility are attributable to male factors, studies evaluating the association between semen parameters and BMI are controversial. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of BMI on semen parameters in a selected group of men with unexplained infertility. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 168 patients during the 2008-2010 period. They all had at least one semen analysis and related studies to rule out known causes of infertility. Median age of patients was 35 years (22-55), and they were divided into three groups: normal weight (BMI: 20-24.9kg/m(2)), overweight (BMI 25-29.9kg/m(2)), and obese (BMI ?30kg/m(2)). RESULTS: There were no significant differences in semen parameters evaluated between the three groups, and no significant correlation was found between the same parameters and BMI. CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant association between BMI and conventional semen parameters, but we cannot exclude an impairment in other semen parameters that are not routinely assessed, which could result in a lower potential fertility in these individuals.

Mormandi EA; Otero P; Bertone AL; Calvo M; Astarita G; Kogovsek N; Levalle O

2013-06-01

208

Seasonal Variations in Semen Characteristics in Arabic Rams  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the seasonal variations in semen characteristics in Arabic rams. 8 adult Arabic rams at the age of 2-3 years were used for this research. Semen was collected with electro ejaculator every 15 days for a period of 6 months (3 months of in breeding season and 3 months of non breeding season). Semen samples of these rams were subjected to the parameters including semen volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, abnormal and live sperm percentage. Semen quality difference between breeding and non breeding seasons was significant. Semen volume, sperm motility, percent of live sperm, the percentage of abnormal sperm and sperm concentration determined in breeding and non breeding seasons had significant differences. Therefore, better progressive motility of sperm, sperm concentration, percent of live sperm and low percentage of abnormal sperm clearly explained high fertility potential of male in breeding season when compared with non breeding season. In conclusion, this study indicated that sexual performance of Arabic rams completely dependent on season.

A. Hamidi, M. Mamoei, Kh. Mirzadeh, S. Tabatabaei* and H. Roshanfekr

2012-01-01

209

Influence of genital heat stress on semen quality in humans.  

Science.gov (United States)

The concept that an elevation of testicular temperature results in impairment of spermatogenesis is widely accepted. Here, current knowledge concerning genital heat stress and its consequences in men is reviewed. Duration of sitting during work positively correlates with daytime scrotal temperatures and daytime scrotal temperature negatively correlates with semen quality. However, the assumed negative correlation between duration of sitting and semen quality could not be shown in the available studies. Fertility parameters of professional drivers with long periods of sitting in vehicles were impaired; however, for predominantly affected drivers of vans, trucks or industrial heavy machinery potential confounders have to be considered. Wearing tight fitting compared with loose-fitting underwear is associated with significantly higher scrotal temperatures. However, available observations suggesting a link between tight-fitting underwear or trousers and impaired semen quality are not convincing. Studies addressing professional exposure to high temperatures delivered conflicting results concerning fertility parameters. The postulated negative impact of sauna visits on semen quality is not sufficiently underlined by the available studies. Oligozoospermic men with a varicocele have significantly higher scrotal temperatures than normozoospermic men, and according to several studies varicocelectomy normalises scrotal temperatures. A further link has been reported between fever and deteriorated semen quality. Contraception via genital heat stress has been demonstrated using hot sitting baths or insulating suspensors. However, down-regulation of spermatogenesis is inconsistent and unsafe. On the other hand, scrotal and consecutively testicular cooling is able to improve semen quality. PMID:18076419

Jung, A; Schuppe, H-C

2007-12-01

210

Influence of genital heat stress on semen quality in humans.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The concept that an elevation of testicular temperature results in impairment of spermatogenesis is widely accepted. Here, current knowledge concerning genital heat stress and its consequences in men is reviewed. Duration of sitting during work positively correlates with daytime scrotal temperatures and daytime scrotal temperature negatively correlates with semen quality. However, the assumed negative correlation between duration of sitting and semen quality could not be shown in the available studies. Fertility parameters of professional drivers with long periods of sitting in vehicles were impaired; however, for predominantly affected drivers of vans, trucks or industrial heavy machinery potential confounders have to be considered. Wearing tight fitting compared with loose-fitting underwear is associated with significantly higher scrotal temperatures. However, available observations suggesting a link between tight-fitting underwear or trousers and impaired semen quality are not convincing. Studies addressing professional exposure to high temperatures delivered conflicting results concerning fertility parameters. The postulated negative impact of sauna visits on semen quality is not sufficiently underlined by the available studies. Oligozoospermic men with a varicocele have significantly higher scrotal temperatures than normozoospermic men, and according to several studies varicocelectomy normalises scrotal temperatures. A further link has been reported between fever and deteriorated semen quality. Contraception via genital heat stress has been demonstrated using hot sitting baths or insulating suspensors. However, down-regulation of spermatogenesis is inconsistent and unsafe. On the other hand, scrotal and consecutively testicular cooling is able to improve semen quality.

Jung A; Schuppe HC

2007-12-01

211

Antioxidant intake is associated with semen quality in healthy men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: We seek to determine whether dietary and supplement intake of specific micronutrients (zinc and folate) and antioxidants (vitamins C, E and beta-carotene) is associated with semen quality. METHODS: Ninety-seven healthy, non-smoking men provided semen and were interviewed. Average daily nutrient intake from food and supplements was derived from a self-administered food frequency questionnaire. Intake levels were summarized as low, moderate and high. Semen volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count, motility, progressive motility and total progressively motile sperm count (TPMS) were measured. RESULTS: After controlling for covariates, a high intake of antioxidants was associated with better semen quality but, in almost all cases, there was no clear dose relationship in that moderate intake groups had the poorest semen quality. For example, positive associations were observed between vitamin C intake and sperm number as reflected in the higher mean count (P=0.04), concentration (P=0.05) and TPMS (P = 0.09); between vitamin E intake and progressive motility (P = 0.04) and TPMS (P = 0.05); and between beta-carotene intake and sperm concentration (P = 0.06) and progressive motility (P = 0.06). Folate and zinc intake were not associated with improved semen quality. CONCLUSIONS: In a convenience sample of healthy non-smoking men from a non-clinical setting, higher antioxidant intake was associated with higher sperm numbers and motility.

Eskenazi B; Kidd SA; Marks AR; Sloter E; Block G; Wyrobek AJ

2005-04-01

212

Detection of human herpesvirus 8 DNA in semen from HIV-infected individuals but not healthy semen donors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), also known as human herpesvirus (HHV) type 8, and cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in semen was investigated. METHODS: Amplification by nested polymerase chain reaction was used to detect viral DNA sequences in samples from 24 HIV-infected gay men, 15 of them with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), and 115 healthy donors. RESULTS: Six of the 24 HIV-infected patients had detectable HHV-8 DNA in their semen: three of the 15 patients with KS and three of the nine patients without KS. CMV DNA was detected in 20 semen samples from HIV-infected patients. None of the semen samples from healthy donors had detectable HHV-8 DNA and rates of CMV DNA detection were low (3%). CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates the presence of HHV-8 in semen from HIV-infected individuals with, or at risk, of developing KS and the potential for sexual transmission of the virus. We found no evidence of HHV-8 in the semen of HIV-uninfected donors.

Howard MR; Whitby D; Bahadur G; Suggett F; Boshoff C; Tenant-Flowers M; Schulz TF; Kirk S; Matthews S; Weller IV; Tedder RS; Weiss RA

1997-02-01

213

SEMEN QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF NEW ZEALAND WHITE RABBIT BUCKS  

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Full Text Available Rabbits have been extensively used as a model for large animals and humans. All the reproduction techniques employed with farm animals can be performed with the low-cost rabbit model, and certain placental membrane characteristics make them especially relevant for studies of human teratology. The purpose of this study was to assess semen quality of New Zealand White rabbits. The material represents semen samples collected from adult rabbits (n=30). The semen was obtained by means of artificial vagina. All samples were analyzed using CASA Sperm VisionTM system. To assessed spermatozoa morphology (the length and the width of head and tail; presence of abnormal spermatozoa) we used QuickPhoto Micro system. Received data were statistically analyzed. Our research showed decrease of semen parameters value after one hour storage in 37°C. Correlation analysis showed negative correlation between presence of spermatozoa with separated flagellum and CASA parameters value e.g. motility, progressive motility, DAP, DCL, DSL, VAP, VCL, VSL, ALH and BCF. From among 3000 analyzed spermatozoa 14.2% posed abnormal forms. We observed negative influence of semen storage on its quality. Also negative correlations between all types of tail defect and motility of spermatozoa were detectedRabbits have been extensively used as a model for large animals and humans. All the reproduction techniques employed with farm animals can be performed with the low-cost rabbit model, and certain placental membrane characteristics make them especially relevant for studies of human teratology. The purpose of this study was to assess semen quality of New Zealand White rabbits. The material represents semen samples collected from adult rabbits (n=30). The semen was obtained by means of artificial vagina. All samples were analyzed using CASA Sperm VisionTM system. To assessed spermatozoa morphology (the length and the width of head and tail; presence of abnormal spermatozoa) we used QuickPhoto Micro system. Received data were statistically analyzed. Our research showed decrease of semen parameters value after one hour storage in 37°C. Correlation analysis showed negative correlation between presence of spermatozoa with separated flagellum and CASA parameters value e.g. motility, progressive motility, DAP, DCL, DSL, VAP, VCL, VSL, ALH and BCF. From among 3000 analyzed spermatozoa 14.2% posed abnormal forms. We observed negative influence of semen storage on its quality. Also negative correlations between all types of tail defect and motility of spermatozoa were detected.

Martyna B?aszczyk; Tomáš Slanina; Peter Massanyi; Robert Stawarz

2013-01-01

214

The bitch uterine response to semen deposition and its modification by male accessory gland secretions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Little is known about the response of the bitch's reproductive tract to semen deposition. In this study, an influx of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) into the uterus was detected after artificial insemination, but there was normal fertility. Doppler ultrasonography showed that insemination induced an increase in uterine artery blood velocity and a decrease in the resistance index of short duration, indicating vasodilation. Semen that was extended in fluid from the sperm rich fraction of the ejaculate (seminal plasma, SP), or third fraction of the ejaculate (prostatic fluid, PF), produced a similar magnitude of effect but of longer duration. It was hypothesised that vasodilation following insemination was largely induced by SP and PF which, together with PMN influx, was part of a normal uterine response. Physiological concentrations of PMNs in vitro reduced the ability of spermatozoa to attach to uterine epithelium, most likely as a result of spermatozoa becoming attached to PMNs. However, both SP and PF increased attachment of spermatozoa to the uterine epithelium by reducing sperm attachment to PMNs, and potentially by an additional mechanism that did not involve inhibition of sperm binding to PMNs. These are the first canine studies to document an apparent physiological response by the uterus to semen, associated with uterine artery vasodilation and PMN influx. Moreover, these investigations are the first to demonstrate that canine SF and PF are part of the mechanism for increasing uterine perfusion and that both fluids have a modulatory effect on PMN-induced inhibition of spermatozoal attachment to uterine epithelium, most likely mediated by reduced sperm attachment to PMNs.

England GC; Russo M; Freeman SL

2013-02-01

215

Toxicity of cryoprotectants to honey bee semen and queens.  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the threats to the intraspecific biodiversity of Apis mellifera and the pressure on bee breeding to come up with disease-tolerant lines, techniques to cryopreserve drone semen are of great interest. Freeze-thawed drone semen of high viability and/or motility has repeatedly been obtained, but fertility of such semen, when it was measured, was always low. The cryoprotective agent (CPA) most frequently used with drone semen is dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), although this substance has been suspected of causing genetic damage in sperm. No form of sperm washing is currently performed. Using a membrane permeability assay, we measured the short-term toxicity of four possible replacements for DMSO, 1,3-propane diol, 2,3-butane diol, ethylene glycol, and dimethyl formamide. We also tested whether the practice of inseminating queens with CPA-containing semen affects sperm numbers in the storage organs of queens, or sperm fertility. Finally, we tested whether CPA-toxicity in vivo can be reduced by using mixtures of two CPAs, DMSO, and ethylene glycol. Our results show that, although short-term toxicity of all CPAs tested was low, the presence of single CPAs in insemination mixtures at concentrations required for slow freezing greatly reduced the number of sperm reaching the spermatheca. Contrary to earlier reports, this was also true for DMSO. Ethylene glycol was additionally shown to reduce the viability of spermatozoa reaching the storage organ. Mixtures of DMSO and EthGly performed better than either substance used singly at the same concentration. We conclude that the toxicity of CPAs, including DMSO, on honey bee semen and/or queens has been underestimated in the past. This could partly explain the discrepancy between in vitro and in vivo quality of cryopreserved drone semen, described by others. Combinations of several CPAs and techniques to partly remove CPAs after thawing could help to solve this problem. PMID:22115807

Wegener, J; Bienefeld, K

2011-11-23

216

Lifestyle and semen quality: role of modifiable risk factors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract The relationship between exposure to lifestyle factors and adverse effects on human reproductive health is debated in the scientific literature and these controversies have increased public and regulatory attention. The aim of the study was to examine the association between modifiable lifestyle factors and main semen parameters, sperm morphology, and sperm chromatin structure. The study population consisted of 344 men who were attending an infertility clinic for diagnostic purposes with normal semen concentration of 20-300?M/ml or with slight oligozoospermia (semen total concentration of 15-20?M/ml) [WHO 1999]. Participants were interviewed and provided semen samples. The interview included questions about demographics, socio-economic status, medical history, lifestyle factors (consumption of alcohol, tobacco, coffee intake, cell phone and sauna usage), and physical activity. The results of the study suggest that lifestyle factors may affect semen quality. A negative association was found between increased body mass index (BMI) and semen volume (p?=?0.03). Leisure time activity was positively associated with sperm concentration (p?=?0.04) and coffee drinking with the percentage of motile sperm cells, and the percentage of sperm head and neck abnormalities (p?=?0.01, p?=?0.05, and p?=?0.03, respectively). Drinking red wine 1-3 times per week was negatively related to sperm neck abnormalities (p?=?0.01). Additionally, using a cell phone more than 10 years decreased the percentage of motile sperm cells (p?=?0.02). Men who wore boxer shorts had a lower percentage of sperm neck abnormalities (p?=?0.002) and percentage of sperm with DNA damage (p?=?0.02). These findings may have important implications for semen quality and lifestyle.

Jurewicz J; Radwan M; Sobala W; Ligocka D; Radwan P; Bochenek M; Hanke W

2013-09-01

217

Factors affecting economics of using sexed semen in dairy cattle.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The use of sexed semen in the dairy industry has grown rapidly. However, high costs and low fertility have limited the use of this potentially valuable tool. This study used simulation to evaluate 160,000 combinations of key variables in 3 spheres of influence related to profit feasibility: (1) market (e.g., milk and calf prices), (2) dairy farm management (e.g., conception rates), and (3) technology (e.g., accuracy of sexing). These influential variables were used to determine the most favorable circumstances in which managers or technicians can effect change. Three distinct scenarios were created to model 3 initiatives that a producer might take with sexed semen: (1) using sexed semen on heifers, (2) using sexed semen on heifers and a fraction of the genetically superior cows, and (3) using sexed semen on heifers and a fraction of the genetically superior cows, and breeding all other cows with beef semen. Due to the large number of management, market, and technology combinations, a response surface and interpretive graphs were created to map the scope of influence for the key variables. Technology variables such as the added cost of sexed semen had relatively little effect on profitability, defined as net present value gain per cow, whereas management variables such as conception rate had a significant effect. Milk price had relatively little effect within each scenario, but was important across scenarios. Profitability was very sensitive to the price of dairy heifer calves, relative to beef and dairy bull calves. Scenarios 1 and 2 added about $50 to $75 per cow in net present value, which ranged from $0 to $200 and from $100 to $300, respectively. Scenario 3 usually was not profitable, primarily because fewer excess dairy replacement heifers were available for sale. Dairy heifer price proved to be the most influential variable, regardless of scenario.

McCullock K; Hoag DL; Parsons J; Lacy M; Seidel GE Jr; Wailes W

2013-10-01

218

Fertility of Cow in Using Locally Produced Chilled and Imported Frozen Semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The experiment was carried out at Central Cattle Breeding Station and Dairy farm, Savar, Dhaka, and 3 sub- station and 9 points of Chandpur District in Bangladesh to evaluate the quality and fertilizing capacity of locally produced chilled and imported frozen semen. Motility, sperm concentration and mass activity of semen from different experimental bulls were almost similar. Quality of imported frozen semen was better than that of locally produced chilled semen in respect of motility, motile sperm/ Insemination dose and spermatozoa with normal head. Motility and pH value of semen decreased significantly for transportation and prolongation of preservation duration. Average conception rate of imported frozen semen (57.33) was found to be higher than locally produced chilled semen (45.33). But it was similar between imported frozen (57.33) and average of 1st & 2nd day preserved semen (57%).

A. K. Das; M. Y. Ali; M. A. Islam; A. K. Hira; S. Z. Ali

2002-01-01

219

Detection of Neospora caninum DNA in semen of experimental infected rams with no evidence of horizontal transmission in ewes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recent reports from New Zealand indicate Neospora caninum has a possible role in causing abortions in sheep. Transmission of N. caninum via semen has been documented in cattle. This study aimed to investigate if horizontal transmission through semen was also possible in sheep. Initially, 6-month old crossbred ram lambs (n=32), seronegative to N. caninum, were divided into 4 equal groups. Group 1 remained uninoculated whilst the remainder were inoculated with N. caninum tachyzoites intravenously as follows: Group 2 - 50 tachyzoites; Group 3 - 10(3) tachyzoites; Group 4 - 10(7) tachyzoites. Semen samples were collected weekly for 8 weeks for the detection of N. caninum DNA and quantified using quantitative PCR (qPCR). Plasma collected 1 month post-inoculation was subjected to ELISA (IDEXX Chekit) and Western blot. At 2 weeks post-infection, three rams from Group 1 (uninoculated) and three rams from Group 4 (10(7)tachyzoites/ml) were mated with two groups of 16 ewes over two oestrus cycles. Ewe sera collected 1 and 2 months post-mating were tested for seroconversion by ELISA and Western blot. All experimentally infected rams seroconverted by 1 month with ELISA S/P% values ranging from 11% to 36.5% in Group 2, 12-39.5% in Group 3 and 40-81% in Group 4. However, none of the ewes mated with the experimentally infected rams seroconverted. For the Western blot, responses towards immunodominant antigens (IDAs) were observed in ram sera directed against proteins at 10, 17, 21, 25-29, 30, 31, 33 and 37kDa. Rams in Group 2, 3 and 4 were noted to have at least 3 IDAs present. None of the ewes showed any of the 8 prominent IDAs except for the one at 21kDa which was seen in 30 out of 32 ewes in both groups. N. caninum DNA was detected intermittently in the ram's semen up to 5 weeks post-inoculation with the concentrations ranging from that equivalent to 1-889 tachyzoites per ml of semen. Low concentrations of N. caninum DNA were also detected in the brain tissue of two rams (Groups 1 and 4). These results suggest that although N. caninum DNA can be found in the semen of experimentally infected rams, the transmission of N. caninum via natural mating is an unlikely event.

Syed-Hussain SS; Howe L; Pomroy WE; West DM; Smith SL; Williamson NB

2013-06-01

220

The clinical significance of corrected seminal plasma prolactin level in men with asthenospermia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the clinical significance of corrected seminal prolactin assay in men with asthenospermia. Methods: Routine semen analysis and seminal plasma prolactin assay were performed on the men with asthenospermia, oligo-asthenospermia, normospermia. Prolactin was assessed by radioimmunoassay. The relationship between the level of corrected seminal plasma prolactin and the quality of semen was analyzed. Results: The mean level of the corrected seminal prolactin in the men with asthenospermia was (26.1±12.8) ?g/L and was significantly higher than that of the men with normospermia. Seminal plasma prolactin concentration showed linear increasing alongside with the decreasing of the semen motility and motility degrees. Conclusion: The detection of corrected seminal plasma prolactin level will provide an objective index for evaluating the semen quality of asthenospermic men

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Effect of exposing rams to a female stimulus before semen collection on ram libido and semen quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Rams with strong libido and desirable semen characteristics can provide more insemination doses per ejaculate and produce more progeny, improving population genetic linkage to improve the accuracy of EBV. The objective of this study was to determine if teasing rams, either by sight and smell alone (Exp. 1), or physical contact (Exp. 2), could improve libido and semen quality of rams. In Exp. 1, there were 3 treatments in which rams were exposed to the sight and smell of the ewe for 1 h: control treatment (n = 5) in which rams were exposed to a ewe not in estrus; non-novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were exposed to a ewe in estrus and the same ewe was used for semen collection; and novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were exposed to a ewe in estrus and a different ewe in estrus was used for semen collection. In Exp. 2, rams were individually given full access to a ewe, which had a cotton apron fitted to cover her vulva, for 15 min. The 3 treatments in Exp. 2 were: control treatment (n = 5) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe not in estrus; a non-novel treatment (n = 5) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe in estrus and the same ewe was used for semen collection; novel treatment (n = 6) in which rams were placed in a pen with a ewe in estrus and a different ewe in estrus was used for semen collection. Experiment 1 was repeated for 5 consecutive days and Exp. 2 was repeated for 4 consecutive days. Data on reaction time, number of mounts, semen volume, semen concentration, sperm wave motion, and progressive linear motion (Exp. 1 only) were collected and analyzed as a randomized complete block design, where rams were initially blocked for breed and age. In Exp. 1, there was an effect of day (P < 0.05) and a treatment × day interaction (P < 0.05) on semen volume, whereas there was also an effect of treatment (P < 0.05) and day (P < 0.01) on semen concentration, which was most evident on d 1. In Exp. 2, there was an effect of treatment on reaction time (P < 0.05) and semen volume (P = 0.08), which was most evident on d 1. This study demonstrates an acute effect on d 1 on semen concentration when rams were exposed to the sight and smell of a ewe in estrus. Alternatively, when rams were stimulated with physical contact of a ewe in estrus, an acute increase in semen volume was evident on d 1. These effects were not evident on subsequent days and thus the overall benefits on ram libido and semen quality of exposing rams to ewes in estrus are minimal.

Fahey AG; Duffy P; Fair S

2012-10-01

222

An exploration of the association between male body mass index and semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Obesity is becoming a serious problem, especially in industrialized societies. This study was designed to explore the association between body mass index (BMI) and semen quality. Semen analysis and demographic data were collected from male partners of couples undergoing fertility investigations in a referral fertility centre. Men were classified into groups according to their BMI (A, semen volume semen volume and fewer morphologically normal spermatozoa than men with normal BMI. PMID:22019618

Shayeb, A G; Harrild, K; Mathers, E; Bhattacharya, S

2011-09-05

223

Proteomic analysis of seminal plasma in adolescents with and without varicocele.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To compare proteomic profiles of seminal plasma from adolescents with varicocele and changes in semen quality with the plasma from adolescents with varicocele without seminal changes and from adolescents without varicocele. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Patients in an academic research environment. PATIENT(S): Adolescents without varicocele (control group), adolescents with varicocele and normal semen quality (VNS group), adolescents with varicocele and abnormal semen quality (VAS group). INTERVENTION(S): Two semen collections at 1-week interval. Protein separation by two-dimensional protein electrophoresis, analysis by gel densitometry, and identification by mass spectrometry. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Overexpressed proteins in each group, observed by increased densitometric signal in gels, and exclusively identified proteins in each group. RESULT(S): No differences were observed among the three groups regarding clinical parameters. In semen analysis, the VAS group presented lower sperm concentration, motility, and morphology compared with the VNS and control groups. Forty-seven protein spots of interest were submitted to mass spectrometry identification. Apoptosis regulation proteins were overexpressed in the VAS group, whereas spermatogenesis proteins were overexpressed in the VNS group. Controls presented proteins related to homeostasis. CONCLUSION(S): Changes in the proteomic profile of adolescents with varicocele and normal semen parameters (VNS group) indicate that normal semen analysis may not reflect alterations in proteins in seminal plasma. Implementation of proteomics will help characterize proteins identified in seminal plasma and will facilitate detection of new proteins associated with spermatogenesis and sperm function.

Zylbersztejn DS; Andreoni C; Del Giudice PT; Spaine DM; Borsari L; Souza GH; Bertolla RP; Fraietta R

2013-01-01

224

Semen evaluation of Murrah buffalo bulls using sperm functional tests  

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Full Text Available The aim of this experiment was to evaluate membrane integrity, vitality, and mitochondrial cytochemical activity, in frozen semen samples of buffalo bulls and compare those functions with the routine semen evaluation and field fertility. Twenty one frozen semen batches from 2 buffalo bulls were used for AI. For the semen evaluation, after thawing, an aliquot was evaluated for motility and vigor. An aliquot of each batch was used to evaluate the cytochemical activity using the 3-3’ diamino benzidine. Samples were scored in four classes according to the degree of midpiece staining, being class I showing midpiece totally stained, indicating full mitochondrial activity, and class IV showing no staining of the midpiece, indicating no mitochondrial activity. Two other aliquots were used for the hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) and the eosin nigrosin staining (VIT), to evaluate membrane integrity and vitality, respectively. Correlations were found between pregnancy rate and vitality and class II and III of the DAB staining (r=0.53, r=-0.39, and r=-0.38, respectively; p=0.05). No correlation was found for pregnancy rate and motility or vigor. Results indicate that functional tests may be an alternative to better predict the fertility of buffalo frozen semen samples.

P.M.H. Barros; M. Nichi; C.N.M. Cortada; N.A.T. Carvalho; P.S. Baruselli; R.C. Barnabe; V.H. Barnabe

2010-01-01

225

Effect of ketoprofen treatment on the uterine inflammatory response after AI of jennies with frozen semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Artificial insemination (AI) involving the placing of frozen-thawed semen directly into the jenny uterine body is associated with very low pregnancy rates. This might be because of an exacerbation of the acute response of the endometrium to sperm, as seen in mares with persistent induced mating endometritis. Pregnancy rates can be increased in such mares, however, by including anti-inflammatory treatments in the insemination protocol (Bucca S, Carli A, Buckley T, Dolci G, Fogarty U. The use of dexamethasone administered to mares at breeding time in the modulation of persistent mating induced endometritis. Theriogenology 2008;70:1093-100; Rojer H, Aurich C. Treatment of persistent mating-induced endometritis in mares with the non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug vedaprofen. Reprod Domest Anim 2010;45:e458-60). To investigate the endometritis caused by the use of frozen-thawed semen in jennies, and to assess the response to ketoprofen treatment, endometrial cytological samples and biopsies from six healthy jennies were examined in a crossover design experiment. Samples were taken from jennies in estrus (E; control) and at 6 hours after AI with or without ketoprofen (+K and -K, respectively). Ketoprofen was administered iv 24 hours before and for 4 days after insemination (total = 2.2 mg/kg/24 hours for 5 days). All animals showed a severe inflammatory response to semen deposition. Polymorphonuclear neutrophil numbers in the cytological smears and biopsies differed significantly between the +K and E animals. No significant differences were recorded, however, between the +K and -K treatments. Eosinophils were observed in all sample types from all groups; these cells appear to be a feature of the normal jenny endometrium. Slight fibrosis was observed in some biopsies, but no significant relationship with inflammation was found. Intense cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) immunohistochemical labeling was detected in the -K biopsies. Less intense labeling was seen in those of the +K animals, and mainly localized in the stratum compactum. No differences in COX-2 labeling were observed between the +K and E animals. Plasma concentrations of ketoprofen remained detectable until 2 hours after administration, after which the compound was rapidly eliminated. In summary, jennies are susceptible to endometritis after insemination with frozen-thawed semen. Ketoprofen reduces this inflammation by inhibiting COX-2; no reduction in the number of polymorphonuclear neutrophils occurs. The physiological and pharmacological characteristics of jennies should be taken into account when designing treatments for acute endometritis aimed at enhancing pregnancy rates after insemination with frozen-thawed sperm.

Vilés K; Rabanal R; Rodríguez-Prado M; Miró J

2013-04-01

226

Effect of ketoprofen treatment on the uterine inflammatory response after AI of jennies with frozen semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Artificial insemination (AI) involving the placing of frozen-thawed semen directly into the jenny uterine body is associated with very low pregnancy rates. This might be because of an exacerbation of the acute response of the endometrium to sperm, as seen in mares with persistent induced mating endometritis. Pregnancy rates can be increased in such mares, however, by including anti-inflammatory treatments in the insemination protocol (Bucca S, Carli A, Buckley T, Dolci G, Fogarty U. The use of dexamethasone administered to mares at breeding time in the modulation of persistent mating induced endometritis. Theriogenology 2008;70:1093-100; Rojer H, Aurich C. Treatment of persistent mating-induced endometritis in mares with the non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug vedaprofen. Reprod Domest Anim 2010;45:e458-60). To investigate the endometritis caused by the use of frozen-thawed semen in jennies, and to assess the response to ketoprofen treatment, endometrial cytological samples and biopsies from six healthy jennies were examined in a crossover design experiment. Samples were taken from jennies in estrus (E; control) and at 6 hours after AI with or without ketoprofen (+K and -K, respectively). Ketoprofen was administered iv 24 hours before and for 4 days after insemination (total = 2.2 mg/kg/24 hours for 5 days). All animals showed a severe inflammatory response to semen deposition. Polymorphonuclear neutrophil numbers in the cytological smears and biopsies differed significantly between the +K and E animals. No significant differences were recorded, however, between the +K and -K treatments. Eosinophils were observed in all sample types from all groups; these cells appear to be a feature of the normal jenny endometrium. Slight fibrosis was observed in some biopsies, but no significant relationship with inflammation was found. Intense cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) immunohistochemical labeling was detected in the -K biopsies. Less intense labeling was seen in those of the +K animals, and mainly localized in the stratum compactum. No differences in COX-2 labeling were observed between the +K and E animals. Plasma concentrations of ketoprofen remained detectable until 2 hours after administration, after which the compound was rapidly eliminated. In summary, jennies are susceptible to endometritis after insemination with frozen-thawed semen. Ketoprofen reduces this inflammation by inhibiting COX-2; no reduction in the number of polymorphonuclear neutrophils occurs. The physiological and pharmacological characteristics of jennies should be taken into account when designing treatments for acute endometritis aimed at enhancing pregnancy rates after insemination with frozen-thawed sperm. PMID:23453786

Vilés, K; Rabanal, R; Rodríguez-Prado, M; Miró, J

2013-02-28

227

Effect of Ergosan on semen quality of male rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) broodstock.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Present study was conducted to investigate the effect of Ergosan on seminal plasma compositions and spermatological parameters in rainbow trout. Male rainbow trout broodstocks (2300 ± 200 g) were fed diets containing Ergosan at 2 different concentrations (6 mg kg(-1) and 20 mg kg(-1)) and control diet without Ergosan for 20 days and on day 22 fish semen were sampled. Results suggest that Ergosan in dietary intake, significantly increased the spermatocrit and sperm count in 20 mg kg(-1) group and Ca(2+) in both treatment groups compared to control group (P<0.05). The values of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) had significant decrease in both treatment groups compared to the control group (P<0.05). Significant correlations were determined between sperm count versus K(+) value (r=-0.838, P<0.05) and glucose level (r=+0.835, P<0.05) in fish administrated with 20 mg kg(-1) of Ergosan. In group treated with 6 mg kg(-1), significant correlation between Na(+) and duration of sperm motility (r=+0.999, P<0.05) was shown. Meanwhile, glucose level versus percent of sperm motility (r=+0.866, P<0.05) showed significant correlation in this group. Sperm count versus total protein level (r=+0.817, P<0.05) showed significant correlation in control group. Results indicated that Ergosan had a potential efficacy on semen quality in rainbow trout broodstock.

Sheikhzadeh N; Reza A; Allah JJ; Hossein TN

2010-12-01

228

Effects of Seasonal Changes and Shearing on Thermoregulation, Blood Constituents and Semen Characteristics of Desert Rams (Ovis aries)  

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Full Text Available This experiment was designed to study the effects of shearing in different seasons (winter vs. summer) on thermoregulation, blood parameters and semen characteristics of desert rams. Eight intact healthy rams were randomly assigned into two groups (n = 4). The control group was kept unshorn (UN) with intact pelage, the mean length of hair left was approximately 1.5 cm and the treated group was shorn (SH). Rectal temperature (Tr) and Respiration Rate (RR) measurements were carried out twice daily throughout the experimental period. Blood samples were collected once weekly for the evaluation of Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Total (TLC) and Differential (DLC) leukocyte count, Serum Total Protein (STP), Serum Albumin (SA), Serum Urea (SU) and Plasma Glucose (PG) concentration. Semen samples were collected once weekly for the determination of Ejaculate Volume (EV), Sperm Mass (SM) and individual (SIM) motility, Sperm Cell Concentration (SCC), live (LSP) and abnormal (ABS) sperm percent and semen pH. Scrotal Circumference (SC) measurements were performed weekly. Shearing of desert rams significantly lowered the morning Tr in both seasons and the afternoon Tr during summer ,while RR was significantly lower in both seasons in the afternoon. The PCV was significantly lower in shorn rams during summer compared to winter and PG was significantly higher during winter compared to summer. In both seasons shearing significantly lowered SIM. It is concluded that shearing significantly affected thermoregulation, blood composition and semen characteristics during winter and summer. It is concluded that shearing in different season significantly affected thermoregulation, blood parameters and seminal traits of Desert Hamari rams.

S. Mohammed Suhair; M. Abdelatif Abdalla

2013-01-01

229

Evaluation of semen parameters in semen donors in a ten-year period in the city of São Paulo  

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Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate sperm concentration, morphology and motility of Brazilian semen donors from 1992 to 2003, in the city of São Paulo. Methods: Retrospective study analyzing 182 donor semen samples from 1992 to 2003. The first and the second donated sample were analyzed for each donor. Donor average age was 30.8 years. Means with standard errors, medians with minimum and maximum values, and interquartile ranges were calculated for age, sperm concentration, semen volume, oval morphology and motility. The relation between each characteristic of the semen samples and the year of donation, as well as donor age and season of the year were studied by linear and multiple regression analysis. Results: Linear regression analysis showed that the sperm concentration (R2 = 19.1%, R2 = 20.2%, p < 0.0001 respectively) and the oval morphology (R2 = 13%; R2 = 13.5%; p < 0.0001, respectively) decreased significantly, even when the first or the second sperm collection is considered. The ejaculated volume showed slight increase during the period for both samples (R2 = 2.2%, p = 0.048; R-sq = 2.4%. p = 0.038, respectively). All characteristics did not depend on the donors’ age or season of the year when the samples were obtained. Conclusions: There was a decrease in spermatic concentration and percentage of oval sperm of semen donors samples from 1992 to 2003, in the city of São Paulo.

Sidney Glina; Thiago Nova; Vera Beatriz Fehér Brand; Erica Molina; Andrea Giannotti Galuppo; Nadeje Regina Correa; Frederico Rafael Moreira

2010-01-01

230

Karakteristik Semen Segar dan Kualitas Semen Cair Kuda dalam Pengencer Dimitropoulos yang Disuplementasi dengan Fruktosa, Trehalosa dan Rafinosa  

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Full Text Available The objective of the experiment was to study the characteristics of stallion fresh semen and the quality of sperm preserved in Dimitropoulos extender (DV) supplemented with different concentration of fructose, trehalose and raffinose. Semen were collected using artificial vagina from three stallions. Semen characteristics and quality were evaluated macro- and microscopically. Prior to extension, semen were centrifugated at 3000 rpm for 20 minutes. The condensed sperm were re-suspended in DV supplemented with different types of carbohydrate to meet the concentration of 200 million spz/ml. All samples were stored at room and chilled temperature, and were evaluated for motility and viability every 3 h and 12 h. The results of the experiments indicated that fresh semen characteristics were fair good; the volume, consistency, motility, live-dead ratio, concentration (106/ml), total spermatozoa (109/ejaculate) and abnormality were 29.25±9.33 ml, watery, 7.00±0.12, 67.08±9.08%, 77.89±6.46%, 211.88±21.15, 6.28±2.45 and 27.26±4.64%, respectively. The supplementation of different type and concentration of carbohydrates did not significantly affect the motility and viability. However, the supplementation of 50 mM fructose significantly increased the motility and viability of the sperm compared to the control. In conclusion, carbohydrate supplementation in DV may not maintain the sperm quality, particularly in the medium with the osmolarity higher than 400 mOsm/kg.

Yudi; I. Arifiantini; B. Purwantara; T.L. Yusuf

2007-01-01

231

Temporary impairment of semen quality following recent acute fever.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The impact of an acute fever on semen variables is unclear. This paper reports negative effects and recovery of the sperm quality in a man who had an acute fever of 38°-39°C, due to a throat infection. The study evaluated the sperm quality in semen specimens collected, as follows: 1) one month before the fever; 2) 1-day after the fever; 3) 20 days after antimicrobial therapy. The first and third specimens were quite similar for all semen parameters. However, the second specimen showed unexpected results: not only a decrease in the sperm count, but also an increase of small-head sperm. This study aims to discuss this finding's implications for clinical and laboratory practice.

Andrade-Rocha FT

2013-01-01

232

Sperm banking for male cancer patients: social and semen profiles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english PURPOSE: Report the characteristics of cryopreserved semen from a cohort of male cancer patients, attitudes towards cryopreservation and outcomes of semen samples based on a 12-year cryopreservation program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 98 male cancer patients whose sperm samples were banked were evaluated. Demographic parameters, semen characteristics, destination of sperm banked samples and questionnaires answered by the patients regarding cryopreservation time were (more) evaluated. RESULTS: The cancer diagnoses were testicle (56.1%), prostate (15.3%), Hodgkin?s lymphomas (9.2%), non-Hodgkin?s lymphomas (7.1%), leukemia (3.1%) and other malignancies (9.2%). The patients with testicular cancer presented lower sperm concentration (p

Bonetti, Tatiana C.S.; Pasqualotto, Fabio F.; Queiroz, Priscila; Iaconelli Jr., Assumpto; Borges Jr., Edson

2009-04-01

233

Fluorescence detection of cationic amyloid fibrils in human semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cationic amyloid fibrils, including the Semen Enhancer of Virus Infection (SEVI), have recently been described in human semen. Simple methods for quantitating these fibrils are needed to improve our understanding of their biological function. We performed high-throughput screening to identify molecules that bind SEVI, and identified a small molecule (8E2), that fluoresced brightly in the presence of SEVI and other cationic fibrils. 8E2 bound SEVI with almost 40-fold greater affinity than thioflavin-T, and could efficiently detect high molecular weight fibrils in human seminal fluid. PMID:23910594

Easterhoff, David; Dimaio, John T M; Liyanage, Wathsala; Lo, Chi-Wen; Bae, Woori; Doran, Todd M; Smrcka, Alan; Nilsson, Bradley L; Dewhurst, Stephen

2013-07-08

234

Collection and characterization of semen in Mithun (Bos frontalis) bulls.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to collect semen from semiwild Mithun (Bos frontalis) bulls using an artificial vagina (AV) and to determine semen characteristics. Collection of semen with an AV was attempted in five Mithun bulls using both anestrous and estrous Mithun females. No Mithun bull mounted an anestrous female Mithun during 60 trials, but satisfactory mounting, including extension of the penis, occurred in 25 trials with estrous Mithun females. In 15 of these trials, semen was successfully collected in an AV with an internal temperature of 42 to 46 degrees C. However, in 10 trials with an AV with an internal temperature of 36 to 40 degrees C, semen was not collected. Mean (+/- SEM) intervals to first mount and to ejaculation in the AV were 27.9+/-3.6 sec and 113.8+/-6.6 sec, respectively. Semen volume and pH were 3.1+/-0.35 mL and 6.59+/-0.04, and mean mass activity (scale, 0 to 4), initial sperm motility, live sperm count, sperm concentration, total number of sperm in the ejaculate, and overall sperm length were 2.2+/-0.3, 78.6+/-2.6%, 80.7+/-2.2%, 710.8+/-66.8 x 10(6)/mL, 2114+/-364.4 sperm, and 67.9+/-0.6 microm, respectively. The proportion of morphologically normal sperm was 80.6+/-0.2%, whereas the proportion with a morphologically abnormal head, midpiece, tail, and acrosome were 4.2+/-0.4%, 1.6+/-0.5%, 6.1+/-1.1%, and 7.1+/-0.9%, respectively. The mean incidence of tail-less heads and proximal and distal protoplasmic droplets were 0.5+/-0.1%, 0.3+/-0.2%, and 2.4+/-0.3%, respectively. In conclusion, we successfully collected semen from semiwild Mithun bulls with an AV maintained at 42 to 46 degrees C, and overall, the semen was within the normal range of that collected from fertile domestic bulls. PMID:19589586

Bhattacharyya, H K; Goswami, B K; Bujarbaruah, K M; Deka, B C; Biswas, R K

2009-07-08

235

Collection and characterization of semen in Mithun (Bos frontalis) bulls.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this study was to collect semen from semiwild Mithun (Bos frontalis) bulls using an artificial vagina (AV) and to determine semen characteristics. Collection of semen with an AV was attempted in five Mithun bulls using both anestrous and estrous Mithun females. No Mithun bull mounted an anestrous female Mithun during 60 trials, but satisfactory mounting, including extension of the penis, occurred in 25 trials with estrous Mithun females. In 15 of these trials, semen was successfully collected in an AV with an internal temperature of 42 to 46 degrees C. However, in 10 trials with an AV with an internal temperature of 36 to 40 degrees C, semen was not collected. Mean (+/- SEM) intervals to first mount and to ejaculation in the AV were 27.9+/-3.6 sec and 113.8+/-6.6 sec, respectively. Semen volume and pH were 3.1+/-0.35 mL and 6.59+/-0.04, and mean mass activity (scale, 0 to 4), initial sperm motility, live sperm count, sperm concentration, total number of sperm in the ejaculate, and overall sperm length were 2.2+/-0.3, 78.6+/-2.6%, 80.7+/-2.2%, 710.8+/-66.8 x 10(6)/mL, 2114+/-364.4 sperm, and 67.9+/-0.6 microm, respectively. The proportion of morphologically normal sperm was 80.6+/-0.2%, whereas the proportion with a morphologically abnormal head, midpiece, tail, and acrosome were 4.2+/-0.4%, 1.6+/-0.5%, 6.1+/-1.1%, and 7.1+/-0.9%, respectively. The mean incidence of tail-less heads and proximal and distal protoplasmic droplets were 0.5+/-0.1%, 0.3+/-0.2%, and 2.4+/-0.3%, respectively. In conclusion, we successfully collected semen from semiwild Mithun bulls with an AV maintained at 42 to 46 degrees C, and overall, the semen was within the normal range of that collected from fertile domestic bulls.

Bhattacharyya HK; Goswami BK; Bujarbaruah KM; Deka BC; Biswas RK

2009-09-01

236

Fluorescence detection of cationic amyloid fibrils in human semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cationic amyloid fibrils, including the Semen Enhancer of Virus Infection (SEVI), have recently been described in human semen. Simple methods for quantitating these fibrils are needed to improve our understanding of their biological function. We performed high-throughput screening to identify molecules that bind SEVI, and identified a small molecule (8E2), that fluoresced brightly in the presence of SEVI and other cationic fibrils. 8E2 bound SEVI with almost 40-fold greater affinity than thioflavin-T, and could efficiently detect high molecular weight fibrils in human seminal fluid.

Easterhoff D; Dimaio JT; Liyanage W; Lo CW; Bae W; Doran TM; Smrcka A; Nilsson BL; Dewhurst S

2013-09-01

237

Preliminary report: a pregnancy from frozen centrifuged dog semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen obtained from a pure-bred Beagle was diluted 1:3 with a Tris (hydroxymethyl) - aminomethane buffered egg yolk diluent, centrifuged at 450 g for 10 minutes and the spermatozoa thus concentrated stored in 8 Cassou mini straws (0,25 ml) in liquid nitrogen. One month after collection, a single semen straw was thawed, rediluted with 4 ml of diluent containing no glycerol and inseminated into a Beagle in oestrus. This was repeated daily for 4 days. The vagina of the bitch was flushed with 4 ml of the diluent immediately prior to insemination on each occasion. The bitch whelped 7 pups 60 days after the first insemination. PMID:7182503

Oettlé, E E

1982-12-01

238

No increased sperm DNA fragmentation index in semen containing human papillomavirus or herpesvirus.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It remains unknown whether human papillomaviruses (HPVs) or human herpesviruses (HHVs) in semen affect sperm DNA integrity. We investigated whether the presence of these viruses in semen was associated with an elevated sperm DNA fragmentation index. Semen from 76 sperm donors was examined by a PCR-based hybridization array that identifies all HHVs and 35 of the most common HPVs. Sperm DNA integrity was determined by the sperm chromatin structure assay. HPVs or HHVs, or both, were found in 57% of semen samples; however, sperm DNA fragmentation index was not increased in semen containing these viruses.

Kaspersen MD; Bungum M; Fedder J; Bonde J; Larsen PB; J Ingerslev H; Höllsberg P

2013-05-01

239

The Relationship between Occupation and Semen Quality  

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Full Text Available Background: Infertility can be a major concern for couples trying to conceive, and occupationalhazards may constitute a main cause of infertility in men. Studies conducted throughout the worldindicate that physical and chemical hazards in the workplace can have a negative impact on malefertility. The main objective of this study was to determine the frequency of occupational categoriesof men who attended an infertility clinic, and to evaluate the differences in the semen qualityparameters among occupational categories.Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1164 males who werereferred to the Infertility Research Center in Tehran for treatment of infertility in order to evaluatethe effects of certain occupations on infertility. The participants were divided into several categoriesaccording to their occupations and evaluated by means of a questionnaire for duration of infertility,BMI, sperm count, percentage of normal sperm morphology and percentages of sperm with class Aand class B motilities. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and correlations were conductedusing SPSS 16.0 for Windows.Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the mean sperm count or spermmorphology between occupational categories. Assessment of the differences in the frequency ofsperm motility classes between occupational categories revealed a significant difference only inthe frequency of sperm with class B motility. The lowest mean percentages of sperm with class Bmotility were seen in those involved in the transportation industry, a finding in agreement with anumber of other researches.Conclusion: Our findings revealed an association between occupation and sperm motility. Sinceour study population was relatively small and in many cases exposures to work hazards were brief,a larger study group must be evaluated in order to support the preliminary results of this study.

Mohammad Hossein Vaziri; Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani; Amir Kavousi; Marjan; Reza Khani Jazani; Ahmad Vosough Taqi Dizaj; Habibesadat Mohseni; Narges Bagery Lankarani; Mohammad Azizi; Reza Salman Yazdi

2011-01-01

240

Effects of Vitamin E Addition to Chicken Semen on Sperm Quality During in Vitro Storage of Semen  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the probable effects of the vitamin E addition in different levels to the extender of chicken semen on spermatozoa quality during storage of semen at 4°C for 0, 3, 6, 10 and 24 hours. Eight young Ross broiler breeder strain 308 roosters were used in this experiment. The collected semen from all roosters was mixed together and diluted with modified a Ringer’s solution. The diluted pooled semen was divided into 5 treatments (T). T1 was a control group without any vitamin E addition. For T2 to T5 groups 0.5 %, 1 %, 2 % and 3 % vitamin E (w/v), were added respectively. Treatments were evaluated for sperm motility, sperm viability and probable morphological defects after 0, 3, 6, 10 and 24 hours of incubation at 4°C. The evaluations of spermatozoa immediately after semen collection, were revealed no significant differences among values of treatment groups, whereas after incubating the treatments for different spans of time, the sperm progressive motility and viability rates for groups supplemented with vitamin E were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of the control group. In addition, morphological defect rates of chicken spermatozoa in the groups supplemented with different levels of vitamin E were significantly (P < 0.05) lower than that in control group. According to the results of this study we conclude that, the most excellent level of vitamin E for supplementation to the extended semen of chicken in order to improve the sperm motility and viability plus to reduce the morphological defect rates of the spermatozoa up to 24 hours storage time at 4°C is 2 % (w/v).

Saleh Tabatabaei; Roozali Batavani; Esmail Ayen

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

[Reference values of semen parameters for normal fertile men in Shanghai].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the distribution characteristics of the main semen parameters of healthy semen donors and normal fertile men in Shanghai, compare the semen quality between the two groups, and investigate the normal reference values of the semen parameters of the fertile population in Shanghai. METHODS: We obtained semen samples from 100 healthy donors and 41 fertile men, performed semen analyses according to the WHO (2010) guidelines, and determined the semen volume, sperm concentration, sperm progressive motility, total sperm count and total progressively motile sperm count. We analyzed the distribution of the semen parameters of the normal fertile men, and obtained the lower limits of their normal reference values. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the main semen parameters between the healthy donors and normal fertile men (P < 0.05). The lower reference limits for the semen parameters of normal fertile men in Shanghai (P < 0.05) were as follows: sperm concentration > or = 27.3 x 10(6)/ml, sperm progressive motility > or = 8.1%, semen volume > or = 0.82 ml, total sperm count > or = 44.73 x 10(6) per ejaculate, and total progressively motile sperm count > or = 24.68 x 10(6) per ejaculate. CONCLUSION: For the evaluation of male fecundity, total sperm count and total progressively motile sperm count may be two better predictors than others.

Lu H; Shi WB; Liu Y; Ding JM; Xiao YF; Wang RY; Xu DP; Yu L; Yang S; Zhu Y; Sun C; Du HW; Hu HL; Li Z

2012-05-01

242

Semen quality of 1346 healthy men, results from the Chongqing area of southwest China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Large studies on semen quality of the general healthy population from China are rare. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate the semen quality of 1346 healthy men residing in Chongqing area of southwest China in 2007. The semen parameters were measured and compared with the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. A linear regression model was used to examine the determinants of semen quality. RESULTS: The medians were 2.3 ml for semen volume, 77.8 x 10(6) per ml for semen concentration, 167.7 x 10(6) for total sperm count, 33% for sperm rapid progressive motility, 52.6% for sperm progressive motility and 70.9% for total motility. According to WHO criteria, 61.1% of healthy males had at least one semen parameter below normal threshold values. Season and abstinence duration were found to be significantly associated with semen quality (P < 0.001). Age, smoking, alcohol use and BMI had little or no effect on semen parameters. CONCLUSIONS: A high proportion of healthy males in Chongqing area of southwest China had abnormal semen parameters values according to WHO criteria. The semen parameters in the study population were markedly different from those reported for the other Chinese, USA and European populations. The differences remain unexplained and may be due to demographic characteristics, lifestyle, environmental factors or genetic variation.

Li Y; Lin H; Ma M; Li L; Cai M; Zhou N; Han X; Bao H; Huang L; Zhu C; Li C; Yang H; Rao Z; Xiang Y; Cui Z; Ao L; Zhou Z; Xiong H; Cao J

2009-02-01

243

Effects of Feeding on Semen Production in Native Cock in Bangladesh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To determine the effects of feeding on semen production 24 native cocks (Gallus domesticus) were studied under cage method in BAU poultry farm. Among 24 birds, 6 were fed once daily, 6 were fed twice daily, 6 were fed thrice daily and another 6 were fed adlibitumly. Semen was collected by abdominal massage method avoiding any fear and disturbance to the birds. Experiment showed that birds fed once daily produce less amount at semen than the birds fed twice daily, semen of which also less than the birds fed thrice daily and finally the adlibitum group produce the highest amount of semen. Thus the present study revealed that semen production in native cock is positively correlated to feeding. Furthermore, semen production is also related to the age of the cocks.

S.K. Das

2002-01-01

244

Donkey jack (Equus asinus) semen cryopreservation: studies of seminal parameters, post breeding inflammatory response, and fertility in donkey jennies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate motility parameters of donkey jack (jack; Equus asinus) semen cryopreserved in INRA-96 (INRA; IMV Technologies, France, 2% egg-yolk enriched) using either glycerol (GLY) or ethylene glycol (EG) as a cryoprotector; (2) to compare in vitro the postthaw re-extension with homologous seminal plasma (SPL) or INRA; (3) to compare fertility in donkey jennies (jennies; Equus asinus) timed artificially inseminated with jack semen cryopreserved using GLY or EG, re-extended with INRA; (4) to compare fertility in jennies timed artificially inseminated with jack semen cryopreserved using GLY re-extended with SPL, INRA, or not re-extended (NN); and (5) to describe some preliminary results of the inflammatory uterine response postbreeding. Semen from two jacks was collected and frozen in an INRA-2% egg yolk extender added of either 2.2% GLY or 1.4% EG. Postthaw motility was evaluated by a computer-assisted motility analyzer. Uterine inflammatory response and fertility were evaluated after artificial insemination (AI) of 13 jennies with frozen-thawed semen, either further extended with INRA (Group GLY-INRA, 13 cycles, and EG-INRA, 8 cycles), or with SPL (Group GLY-SPL, 13 cycles), or not re-extended (GLY-NN, 5 cycles). In each cycle, jennies were bred twice with 500 × 10(6) sperm cells (250 × 10(6) from each jack), at fixed times after induction of ovulation, and uterus was flushed at 6 and 10 h after first and second breeding, respectively. Cells in the recovered fluid were counted and distinguished as polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) or other cell types. Total and progressive motility did not differ between cryoprotectants, but were higher when semen samples were re-extended in INRA, compared with SPL (P < 0.05). Pregnancy was diagnosed by transrectal palpation and ultrasonography examinations at 14 and 16 days postovulation. In 7/13 (53.8%) jennies and 12/39 (30.4%) cycles postbreeding intrauterine fluid accumulation was observed, with no differences between treatments (P < 0.05). Polymorphonuclear neutrophil numbers and concentrations were higher in the first flushing compared with the second, and PMN concentration was higher in GLY-SPL than in GLY-INRA (P < 0.05). Pregnancy rates in GLY-SPL, GLY-INRA, EG-INRA, and GLY-NN were 8/13, 3/13, 2/8, and 1/5, respectively. There was no significant difference either between the two cryoprotectants re-extended in INRA, or between re-extension groups. There was however a trend for GLY-SPL to improve pregnancy rates compared with GLY-INRA (P = 0.055). These results indicate that it is possible to obtain similar postthaw sperm motility and pregnancy rates using GLY or EG as a cryoprotectant for donkey semen, and that in the conditions of this study the re-extension in SPL of thawed semen before AI showed a trend toward the improvement of fertility and increased PMN concentration in uterine flushings.

Rota A; Panzani D; Sabatini C; Camillo F

2012-11-01

245

Effects of discontinuous Percoll gradient centrifugation on the quality of bovine spermatozoa evaluated with computer-assisted semen analysis and fluorescent probes association.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of bovine frozen-thawed sperm cells after Percoll gradient centrifugation. Frozen semen doses were obtained from six bulls of different breeds, including three taurine and three Zebu animals. Four ejaculates per bull were evaluated before and after discontinuous Percoll gradient centrifugation. Sperm motility was assessed by computer-assisted semen analysis and the integrity of the plasma and acrosomal membranes, as well as mitochondrial function, were evaluated using a combination of fluorescent probes propidium iodide, fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Pisum sativum agglutinin and 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethylbenzimidazolcarbocyanine iodide. The procedure of Percoll gradient centrifugation increased the percentage of total and progressive sperm motility, beat frequency, rectilinear motility, linearity and rapidly moving cells. In addition, the percentage of cells with intact plasma membrane and mitochondrial membrane potential was increased in post-centrifugation samples. However, the percentage of sperm cells with intact acrosomal membrane was markedly reduced. The method used selected the motile cells with intact plasma membrane and higher mitochondrial functionality in frozen-thawed bull semen, but processing, centrifugation and/or the Percoll medium caused damage to the acrosomal membrane.

Oliveira LZ; Arruda RP; Celeghini EC; de Andrade AF; Perini AP; Resende MV; Miguel MC; Lucio AC; Hossepian de Lima VF

2012-02-01

246

[The morphological aspects of the placenta, embryonic tissues and semen in human immunodeficiency virus infections  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Tissue samples from a therapeutic curettage performed in a woman with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and a semen sample of the husband were studied with the electron microscope. The samples were processed according to routine technique for electron microscopy. Calcifications, basement membrane thickening and hyperplasia of Hofbauer cells were seen in the placenta villi. Electron-dense particles of unknown nature, probably of viral origin, were found on the fetal red blood cell membranes, virus-like particles were identified in the endothelial cell nucleus of the brain and lung. Retrovirus-like particles were found in the protein of the seminal plasma. These results suggest that the retrovirus pass through the placenta during early pregnancy.

Villegas Castrejon H; Reyes Fuentes A; Piñon López MJ; Arredondo García JL

1990-12-01

247

Influence of addition of different antibiotics in semen diluent on viable bacterial count and spermatozoal viability of Awassi ram semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of six different antibiotics in controlling the growth of semen contaminating bacteria and if these antibiotics have any adverse effect on Awassi ram spermatozoa. Semen samples from six mature Awassi rams were used in this study. A total number of 120 ejaculates were collected from the rams using an artificial vagina once a week. Semen ejaculates were evaluated for volume, sperm concentration, mass motility, individual motility, percentage live sperm, sperm abnormalities, and viable bacterial count. Semen samples were diluted by sodium citrate-fructose-egg yolk. The diluted semen sample was divided into 7 parts. Six types of antibiotics were added to the semen diluent parts including; penicillin G 1000 IU ml-1 with streptomycin 1 mg ml-1, gentamicin sulphate 250 mg ml-1, tetracycline 0.5 mg ml-1, lincomycin 1 mg ml-1, cefoperazone sodium 1mg ml-1, cefdinir 1 mg ml-1 and the seventh part considered as a control group without antibiotic addition. The diluted semen samples were cooled and preserved at 5 Co for 5 days. Cooled diluted semen samples were examined for individual motility, percent of live sperm, sperm abnormalities, acrosomal defects and bacterial count every 24 h until 5 days. Comparing with the control, all the antibiotics examined were effective in controlling bacterial growth (P<0.05) from 24 h to 96 h of preservation at 5 Co. Cefdinir and cefoperazone sodium proved to be significantly (P<0.05) effective than other antibiotics in controlling bacterial growth at 96 h of preservation as the bacterial count were 23.3 ± 3.7 x 103 / ml and 25.4 ± 6.2 x 103 / ml, respectively. Lincomycin, gentamicin sulphate and tetracycline proved ineffective in controlling bacterial growth at 96 h of preservation as the bacterial count were 57.1 ± 20.1 x 103 / ml, 52.5 ± 29.4 x 103 / ml and 46.5 ± 8.8 x 103 / ml, respectively. The addition of tetracycline to diluted ram semen significantly reduced (P<0.05) sperm individual motility and percent live sperm and a significant increase (P<0.05) acrosomal defects was observed at 96 h of preservation in comparison to control and other antibiotics. Sperm viability was highly correlated with bacterial count in the control part of diluted semen (r = 0.794; P < 0.01). It could be concluded from the results of the present study that additions of cephalosporins (cefdinir or Cefoperazone sodium) at the dose of 1 mg ml-1 were most effective amongst the antibiotics used in checking the bacterial growth and improving semen quality of Awassi ram. [Vet. World 2012; 5(2.000): 75-79

O I Azawi; M A Ismaeel

2012-01-01

248

Processing stored stallion semen doses by Single Layer Centrifugation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to determine if the quality of stored stallion semen doses could be enhanced by the scaled-up version of Single Layer Centrifugation using Androcoll-E-Large. Three semen doses from each of fifteen stallions were transported overnight to the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) for processing 24 h after semen collection. Sperm quality in the resulting SLC-selected samples was significantly improved compared to the uncentrifuged samples: mean progressive motility was increased by 8% on the day of processing (P < 0.001) and by 13% after 24 h cold storage (P < 0.001), normal morphology was increased by 4% (P < 0.01), whereas mean %DFI was decreased by 2% (P < 0.001). When these SLC-selected samples were compared retrospectively to fresh samples processed by SLC with Androcoll-E Small, sperm quality was found to be similar, although it was not maintained for as long in the sperm samples stored before SLC. These results suggest an additional option for improving sperm quality in stallion semen doses for artificial insemination.

Morrell JM; Garcia BM; Pena FJ; Johannisson A

2011-11-01

249

Karakterisasi Ball Mill Import pada Industri Semen di Indonesia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristics of import Ball Mill which is used at cement mills in Indonesia. There were two kind of import Ball Mill from PT. Semen Gresik, Tbk that used in this research which are A type (Ø 30 mm) and B type (Ø 40 mm). Visual investigation, che...

Ratna Kartikasari; R. Soekrisno; M. Noer Ilman

250

TRIHALOMETHANE LEVELS IN HOME TAP WATER AND SEMEN QUALITY  

Science.gov (United States)

Trihalomethane Levels in Home Tap Water and Semen Quality Laura Fenster, 1 Kirsten Waller, 2 Gayle Windham, 1 Tanya Henneman, 2 Meredith Anderson, 2 Pauline Mendola, 3 James W. Overstreet, 4 Shanna H. Swan5 1California Department of Health Services, Division of Environm...

251

Effect of various levels of catalase antioxidant in semen extenders on lipid peroxidation and semen quality after the freeze-thawing bull semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate effect of different concentrations of catalase in two extenders on motility, viability and lipid peroxidation bull spermatozoa during semen freezing process. Thirty ejaculates collected from ten Holstein bulls were pooled and evaluated at 37 °C. Pool ejaculated was split into two main experimental groups, 1 and 2. In experiment 1, specimen was diluted to a final concentration of 30 × 106 spermatozoa with citrate-egg yolk and in experiment 2; specimen was diluted with tris-egg yolk extender to the same concentration. In both experiments diluted semen was divided into three aliquots, including a control and two test groups. Each aliquot was rediluted with an equal volume of extender either without (control) or with one of the antioxidants contained one of the following antioxidants: catalase (CAT; 100 IU mL-1) catalase (CAT; 200 IU mL-1) and control group. No significant differences were observed in sperm viability and motility following addition of catalase enzyme at concentration of 100 IU mL-1 and 200 IU mL-1 to citrate-egg yolk extender. But the highest sperm viability was achieved by addition of 100 IU mL-1 and 200 IU mL-1 catalase to tris-egg yolk semen extender compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Malondialdehyde levels did not change with addition of catalase in both extenders compared with the control group. The obtained results provide a new approach to the cryopreservation of bull semen, and could positively contribute to intensive cattle production.

Reza Asadpour; Razi Jafari; Hossein Tayefi-Nasrabadi

2011-01-01

252

Association between mental stress & some antioxidant enzymes of seminal plasma.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Mental stress, which is responsible for various disorders, is one of the most important medical and social problems. It is reported that mental stress causes abnormality in sperm quality. Most of the previous investigations done to study the association between mental stress and infertility were carried out with infertile men. Infertility itself and/or its therapy may lead to stress. Further, most studies investigating the association between psychological stress and semen quality have lacked information on biochemical parameters. In the present study, we investigated the effect of mental stress due to final exams on two important antioxidant enzymes of the seminal plasma, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase in normal healthy medical students. METHODS: Semen samples were collected from 27 healthy male volunteers, who were third semester students of a medical school, just before (stress period) and 10.19+/-0.83 wk after (non-stress period) the final examinations. Psychological stress of participants was measured by the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. After standard semen analysis, semen samples were centrifuged at 10,000 x g for 15 min. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities were measured in the seminal plasma. RESULTS: During stress period, stress scores and SOD activities increased significantly compared to the non-stress period. Catalase activities showed no change. Spermatozoa concentrations, motility index and percentage of rapid progressive motility decreased under stress. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that mental stress negatively affected semen quality. Increase in SOD activities led to poor quality of semen parameters.

Eskiocak S; Gozen AS; Kilic AS; Molla S

2005-12-01

253

Study on the effect of prostaglandin F2? treatment on semen characteristics and enzymatic activates of Awassi rams in breeding and non breeding seasons  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research work was to determine the effects of PGF2?, given immediately before semen collection, on semen characteristics and libido in Awassi rams during breeding and non breeding season. The experiment was conducted in late summer to early autumn when major breeding activities commence and winter during the non breeding season at Mosul region in northern Iraq at the Animal Research and Practice Farm of the College of The Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul. Twelve mature Awassi rams were used in this study. Animals were randomly allocated into two equal groups, the first group was administered 7.5 mg IM of PGF2?weekly and the second group as a control group received 1 ml of N-saline solution. Semen samples were collected from the Awassi rams 24 h after IM administration. Scrotal circumference (SC) and testicular volume were measured weekly during the study period. Semen ejaculates were evaluated for semen volume, sperm concentration, sperm concentration/ejaculate, mass motility, individual motility, percentage live sperm, sperm abnormalities, and sperm acrosomal defects. Samples of seminal plasma were analyzed for the estimation of alanine amino transferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), acid phosphatase (ACP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH). Results of the present showed that PGF2? treatment to Awassi rams did not improve most semen characteristics in both breeding and non breeding seasons compared with the group. The only improvement of Awassi semen quality observed was in sperm concentration in the breeding season. The testicular volume showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in Awassi rams treated with PGF2? in breeding season compared to the control group and PGF2? treated group in the non breeding season. The mean activity of LDH enzyme estimated in the PGF2?treated group and control group showed a significant difference (P<0.05) between the two groups in the breeding season and non breeding season (52.34 ± 8.96 and 57.43 ± 19.9 vs. 117.02 ± 5.26 and 131.88 ± 5.01, respectively). Other enzymatic activities including ALT, AST, ACP and ALP showed no significant differences between Awassi rams treated with PGF2? and control groups in both breeding and non breeding seasons. In conclusion, PGF2?treatment of Awassi rams improved sperm concentration and testicular volume

Osama Ibrahim Azawi,; Abdul Nasir Thanoon Mahmood Al-Khasab; Nabil Najeeb Al-Kadoo

2011-01-01

254

Infecciones de transmisión sexual, calidad del semen e infertilidad Sexually transmitted diseases, quality of semen, and infertility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es insistir en la asociación que existe entre el incremento de las infecciones de transmisión sexual y la infertilidad masculina. Se muestran numerosas investigaciones realizadas en este campo que demuestran el rol de estas infecciones en la etiología de la infertilidad, y se describen algunas de las principales infecciones en el semen que provocan la declinación de la fertilidad masculina y sus consecuencias en la salud reproductiva de los hombres. Con este trabajo de revisión nos proponemos resaltar la necesidad de incluir en el estudio de la infertilidad masculina el control microbiológico del semen, particularmente útil en los servicios de salud reproductiva, donde el riesgo de prevalencia de infecciones asociadas a la infertilidad provoca una reproducción fallida con consecuencias emocionales y sociales en la parejaAim of this paper is to insist on association between the sexually transmitted diseases increase and male infertility. We present most researches performed in this field emphasizing the role of these infections in infertility origin, and we describe also some of main semen infections causing decrease of male fertility, and its consequences on reproductive health of men. Aim of this review paper is to highlight the need of to include in male infertility study, the metabolic control of semen, where risk of infections prevalence associated to infertility provokes a failure reproduction with emotional and social consequences in couple

Bertha Victoria Rodríguez Pendás; Felipe Santana Pérez

2008-01-01

255

Estimation of the genetic parameters of semen quality in Beijing-You chickens.  

Science.gov (United States)

By estimating the genetic parameters of various semen quality traits in Beijing-You chickens, this study aims to elucidate the inheritance patterns of these traits and the correlations between them to facilitate setting up appropriate breeding strategies for enhanced semen quality. Semen samples were collected from 518 Beijing-You roosters at 43 wk of age from 3 selection lines related to meat flavor traits. Seven semen quality traits, consisting of semen volume, pH, and color, and sperm viability, motility, percent deformity, and concentration, were determined. Sizeable variations (18-24% CV) were observed for all traits, except for semen pH. The effects of semen collection time and origin of the chickens (line) were analyzed to optimize the proper models for estimating genetic parameters for each trait. The multiple-trait derivative-free restricted maximum likelihood method was used for estimating variance components. The results revealed that sperm viability, motility, and percent deformity exhibited high heritabilities (h(2) = 0.52, 0.85, and 0.60, respectively). Semen volume, semen color, and sperm concentration had moderate heritabilities (h(2) = 0.28, 0.19, and 0.12, respectively). Semen pH showed low heritability (h(2) = 0.03). Genetic and phenotypic correlations between sperm motility and viability were positive and high (rA = 0.88 and rP = 0.59). In addition, these 2 traits were genetically negatively correlated with percent deformity. This implied the possibility of reducing sperm deformity, which is difficult to measure, by indirect selection. It is concluded from this study that semen quality can be improved by selection. The traits with high variations and heritabilities such as semen volume are promising traits for selection to improve semen quality and likely reproductive performance of native chicken breeds. PMID:24046406

Hu, J; Chen, J L; Wen, J; Zhao, G P; Zheng, M Q; Liu, R R; Liu, W P; Zhao, L H; Liu, G F; Wang, Z W

2013-10-01

256

Estimation of the genetic parameters of semen quality in Beijing-You chickens.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

By estimating the genetic parameters of various semen quality traits in Beijing-You chickens, this study aims to elucidate the inheritance patterns of these traits and the correlations between them to facilitate setting up appropriate breeding strategies for enhanced semen quality. Semen samples were collected from 518 Beijing-You roosters at 43 wk of age from 3 selection lines related to meat flavor traits. Seven semen quality traits, consisting of semen volume, pH, and color, and sperm viability, motility, percent deformity, and concentration, were determined. Sizeable variations (18-24% CV) were observed for all traits, except for semen pH. The effects of semen collection time and origin of the chickens (line) were analyzed to optimize the proper models for estimating genetic parameters for each trait. The multiple-trait derivative-free restricted maximum likelihood method was used for estimating variance components. The results revealed that sperm viability, motility, and percent deformity exhibited high heritabilities (h(2) = 0.52, 0.85, and 0.60, respectively). Semen volume, semen color, and sperm concentration had moderate heritabilities (h(2) = 0.28, 0.19, and 0.12, respectively). Semen pH showed low heritability (h(2) = 0.03). Genetic and phenotypic correlations between sperm motility and viability were positive and high (rA = 0.88 and rP = 0.59). In addition, these 2 traits were genetically negatively correlated with percent deformity. This implied the possibility of reducing sperm deformity, which is difficult to measure, by indirect selection. It is concluded from this study that semen quality can be improved by selection. The traits with high variations and heritabilities such as semen volume are promising traits for selection to improve semen quality and likely reproductive performance of native chicken breeds.

Hu J; Chen JL; Wen J; Zhao GP; Zheng MQ; Liu RR; Liu WP; Zhao LH; Liu GF; Wang ZW

2013-10-01

257

Evaluación del sistema antioxidante en el semen normal/ Evaluation of antioxidant system in normal semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Antecedentes. Las especies reactivas del oxígeno (ERO), tienen la capacidad de alterar reversible o irreversiblemente la función celular. Se ha propuesto que las ERO modifican la bioquímica y la fisiología del espermatozoide. Por otro lado, los mecanismos antioxidativos pudieran proteger a los espermatozoides del daño producido por las ERO. Objetivo. Determinar los valores normales para el superóxido dismutasa (SOD), glutatión peroxidasa (GPx), malondialdehído (MD (more) A) y óxido nítrico (NOx) en el líquido seminal y espermatozoides de humanos sanos. Procedimientos. Se estudiaron 45 muestras de semen de sujetos aparentemente sanos. Las muestras se obtuvieron por masturbación y se colectaron en tubos estériles. Una vez centrifugadas, se fraccionaron en alícuotas para medir la concentración de SOD, GPx, MDA y NOx. El análisis de las muestras se realizó conforme a métodos bioquímicos ampliamente aceptados. Resultados. Las concentraciones de SOD y MDA en el líquido seminal como en los espermatozoides fueron similares (SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 en semen y 0.45 ± .07 U/mg prot. en espermatozoides, y MDA 0.33 ± .07 y 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. en líquido seminal y espermatozoides, respectivamente. Con respecto a la GPx, está aumentada casi 13 veces más en los espermatozoides (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) que en el líquido seminal (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.), el NOx también se incrementa ligeramente en los espermatozoides (4.45 ± 0.43 µmol) cuando se compara con el líquido seminal (3.91 ± 0.16 µmol). Conclusiones. La medición de los antioxidantes y oxidantes pudieran servir para evaluar la infertilidad humana en aquellos casos donde los resultados de la espermatobioscopia aparezcan como normales. Abstract in english Background. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation have the ability to alter reversibly or irreversibly the cellular function in humans. It has been proposed that the ROS alters the biochemistry and the physiology of the sperm. On the other hand, the antioxidative mechanisms could protect the sperms from the damage produced by free radicals. Aim. To determine the normal values for superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric (more) oxide (NOx) in the seminal liquid of healthy humans. Procedures. Semen samples from 45 healthy men (22 to 47 years of age) were studied. The samples were obtained by masturbation and were collected in conical sterile tubes. Once centrifuged at 4 °C they were divided in aliquots to measure the concentration of SOD, GPx, MDA, and NOx. The analysis of the samples was realized in conformity with biochemical widely accepted methods. Results. The concentrations of SOD and MDA both in the seminal liquid and in the spermatozoids were similar, SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 U/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and 0.45 ± 0.07 U/ mg prot. in spermatozoids, and MDA 0.33 ± 0.07 nmoles/mg prot. and 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and spermatozoids respectively. With regard to GPx it increased almost 13 times more in the spermatozoids (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) than in the seminal liquid (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.). The NOx also increased lightly in the spermatozoids (4.45 ± 0.43 \\imol) when compared with the seminal liquid (3.91 ± 0.16 \\imol). Conclusions. The measurement of the antioxidative and oxidative agents could serve to evaluate human infertility in those cases where the result of the spematobioscopy appears normal.

Gallardo, Juan M.

2007-02-01

258

Microscopic and flow cytometric semen assessment of Dutch AI-bucks : effect of semen processing procedures and their correlation to fertility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study was done to determine the effects of processing techniques on the quality of semen from Dutch AI-bucks with the view on improving pregnancy rates after artificial insemination (AI) with liquid or frozen–thawed semen. Motility of spermatozoa was estimated under a microscope whereas the per...

Peterson, K.; Kappen, M.A.P.M.; Ursem, P.J.F.; Nothling, Johan O.; Colenbrander, B.; Gadella, B.M.

259

Functional characterisation of semen in honeybee queen (A.m.ligustica S.) spermatheca and efficiency of the diluted semen technique in instrumental insemination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Differences over time in the quality of semen present in the honey bee (Apis mellifera ligustica) queen spermatheca werestudied. An increase in the non-vital spermatozoa was shown to be evident (P>0.05) between the 12th and 24th month.The study of semen viability demonstrated that the passage of the semen to the spermatheca is due to sperm motility.In the queen inseminated with non-viable spermatozoa, no semen was detected in the spermatheca. Queens inseminatedtwice with a Hyes solution/semen mixture (1:1) stored as many spermatozoa in their spermatheca as those inseminatedonce with the classic technique. Queen replacement, oviposition and other functional characteristics were similarto those observed in the classic insemination procedure.

Marco Lodesani; Donatella Balduzzi; Andrea Galli

2010-01-01

260

Clinical and biochemical correlates of successful semen collection for cryopreservation from 12-18-year-old patients: a single-center study of 86 adolescents  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cryopreservation of semen should be offered to adults before gonadotoxic treatment. However, the experience with semen collection in adolescents is still limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate potential correlates of successful semen sampling in adolescents.

Hagenäs, Isabella; JØrgensen, Niels

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Semen Characteristics of Three Strains of Local Cocks in the Humid Tropical Environment of Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine the semen characteristics of three genotypes of Nigerian indigenous cocks. Thirty Six (36) local breeding cocks comprising of 12 frizzle, 12 normal and 12 naked neck selected randomly from the poultry breeding unit of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching and Research farm was used for this study. Semen were collected from them by abdominal massage and analyzed for semen characteristics. Semen concentration were significantly higher in naked- neck 4.86×109 ±0.03/mL (p0.05) of strains on semen pH, abnormal sperm and non-motile sperm. Morphological defects of the head, middle and tail was not significantly affected (p>0.05) by the genotypes. Variations on semen characteristics abound in the three Nigerian indigenous cocks sampled.

F.O. Ajayi; B.O. Agaviezor; P.K. Ajuogu

2011-01-01

262

DL-Aspartic acid administration improves semen quality in rabbit bucks.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recently, D-aspartic acid (d-Asp) has been suggested as being involved in mechanisms regulating reproduction activity in animals and human. In this study we analyzed the effects of DL-Asp oral administration on sperm production in the rabbit. Bucks from 60, bred in a genetic centre and used for semen production, were divided in 2 subgroups of 6 individuals. The treated group was fed with a concentrate containing DL-Asp which assured a daily administration of 1.3g dl-Asp/head; the control group was fed with the same concentrate without DL-Asp. The treatment was carried out for 2wk and animals were monitored weekly, from 1wk before the start of the treatment to 3wk after the end of the treatment. Through the experimental period there were no significant variations in semen volume between the two groups. A significant increase in both sperm concentration and kinetic parameters, i.e., the overall percentage of motile spermatozoa, the average path velocity, the percentage of progressively motile spermatozoa, etc., was found in the supplemented group. L-Asp values in blood serum and seminal plasma did not vary through the experimental period. D-Asp concentration in blood serum increased more than 4-fold than baseline (P<0.01) at the end of the treatment and was maintained at higher than baseline values for up to 3wk after the end of the treatment. D-Asp concentration in seminal plasma was higher than in blood serum before the start of the treatment (13.7+/-1.6nM vs 3.5+/-3.3nM; P<0.01) which suggests an elective storage of D-Asp in the male genital tract. Baseline values of d-Asp concentration in seminal plasma significantly increased following treatment and were back to initial values 1wk after the end of the treatment. In conclusion, DL-Asp administration improved sperm quality in bucks and the high D-Asp content in seminal plasma suggests a primary role for this D-amino acid in regulatory mechanisms of reproductive activity.

Macchia G; Topo E; Mangano N; D'Aniello E; Boni R

2010-04-01

263

Quantification of damage at different stages of cryopreservation of endangered North American bison (Bison bison) semen and the effects of extender and freeze rate on post-thaw sperm quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen cryopreservation is an important technique for the banking of animal germplasm from endangered species and exploitation of genetically superior sires through artificial insemination. Being a member of bovidae family, bison semen has poor freezing ability as compared to dairy and beef bulls' semen. This study was designed to quantify the damage to bison sperm at different stages of cryopreservation, and to determine the effects of extender (commercial Triladyl(®) vs. custom made tris-citric acid [TCA]) and freeze rate (-10, -25 and -40°C/min) on post-thaw quality of bison semen. Semen was collected from five bison bulls (three woods and two plains) via electroejaculation. In Experiment 1, semen was diluted in Triladyl® extender and frozen with freeze rate -10°C/min. Sperm motility characteristics were recorded in fresh, diluted, cooled (4°C) and freeze-thawed semen using computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). In Experiment 2, semen was diluted in Triladyl® or TCA extender, and frozen with three different freeze rates, i.e. -10, -25 or -40°C/min. Thawing was performed at 37°C for 60s. Post-thaw sperm motility characteristics were assessed using CASA, and sperm structural characteristics (plasma membrane, mitochondrial membrane potential and acrosomes) were evaluated using flow cytometer, at 0 and 3h while incubating semen at 37°C. In Experiment 1, total and progressive motilities did not differ among pre-freeze stages of cryopreservation (P>0.05). However, sperm total and progressive motilities declined (P<0.001) in freeze-thawed semen by 35% and 42%, respectively, compared to after cooling (pre-freeze) semen. In Experiment 2, Triladyl®, as compared to TCA, yielded greater (P<0.05) post-thaw sperm total motility (41% compared to 36%) and progressive motility (34% compared to 29%) at 0h, respectively. The percent change in post-thaw sperm total and progressive motilities, VAP, VCL, VSL, IPM-high ??m and IPM-IACR during 3h incubation at 37°C, was less (P<0.05) in TCA than in Triladyl®. There was an effect of freeze rate on post-thaw sperm average path velocity at 0h, and total motility, progressive motility, VCL, IPM and IPM-IACR at 3h were the greatest (P<0.05) when bison semen was frozen at -40°C/min. Likewise, the percent change in post-thaw sperm total and progressive motilities, during 3h incubation at 37°C, was less (P<0.05) in bison semen frozen at -40°C/min. All post-thaw bison sperm characteristics decreased (P<0.05) from 0h to 3h, during incubation at 37°C. In conclusion, the maximum damage to bison sperm occurred during freeze-thaw processes. Post-thaw total and progressive motilities of bison sperm were greater in Triladyl® at 0h whereas sperm survival was greater in TCA extender during 3h post-thaw incubation. Bison sperm had greater survival (P<0.05) when frozen at -40°C/min freeze rate. PMID:22240453

Hussain, S A; Lessard, C; Anzar, M

2011-12-09

264

Quantification of damage at different stages of cryopreservation of endangered North American bison (Bison bison) semen and the effects of extender and freeze rate on post-thaw sperm quality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Semen cryopreservation is an important technique for the banking of animal germplasm from endangered species and exploitation of genetically superior sires through artificial insemination. Being a member of bovidae family, bison semen has poor freezing ability as compared to dairy and beef bulls' semen. This study was designed to quantify the damage to bison sperm at different stages of cryopreservation, and to determine the effects of extender (commercial Triladyl(®) vs. custom made tris-citric acid [TCA]) and freeze rate (-10, -25 and -40°C/min) on post-thaw quality of bison semen. Semen was collected from five bison bulls (three woods and two plains) via electroejaculation. In Experiment 1, semen was diluted in Triladyl® extender and frozen with freeze rate -10°C/min. Sperm motility characteristics were recorded in fresh, diluted, cooled (4°C) and freeze-thawed semen using computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). In Experiment 2, semen was diluted in Triladyl® or TCA extender, and frozen with three different freeze rates, i.e. -10, -25 or -40°C/min. Thawing was performed at 37°C for 60s. Post-thaw sperm motility characteristics were assessed using CASA, and sperm structural characteristics (plasma membrane, mitochondrial membrane potential and acrosomes) were evaluated using flow cytometer, at 0 and 3h while incubating semen at 37°C. In Experiment 1, total and progressive motilities did not differ among pre-freeze stages of cryopreservation (P>0.05). However, sperm total and progressive motilities declined (P<0.001) in freeze-thawed semen by 35% and 42%, respectively, compared to after cooling (pre-freeze) semen. In Experiment 2, Triladyl®, as compared to TCA, yielded greater (P<0.05) post-thaw sperm total motility (41% compared to 36%) and progressive motility (34% compared to 29%) at 0h, respectively. The percent change in post-thaw sperm total and progressive motilities, VAP, VCL, VSL, IPM-high ??m and IPM-IACR during 3h incubation at 37°C, was less (P<0.05) in TCA than in Triladyl®. There was an effect of freeze rate on post-thaw sperm average path velocity at 0h, and total motility, progressive motility, VCL, IPM and IPM-IACR at 3h were the greatest (P<0.05) when bison semen was frozen at -40°C/min. Likewise, the percent change in post-thaw sperm total and progressive motilities, during 3h incubation at 37°C, was less (P<0.05) in bison semen frozen at -40°C/min. All post-thaw bison sperm characteristics decreased (P<0.05) from 0h to 3h, during incubation at 37°C. In conclusion, the maximum damage to bison sperm occurred during freeze-thaw processes. Post-thaw total and progressive motilities of bison sperm were greater in Triladyl® at 0h whereas sperm survival was greater in TCA extender during 3h post-thaw incubation. Bison sperm had greater survival (P<0.05) when frozen at -40°C/min freeze rate.

Hussain SA; Lessard C; Anzar M

2011-12-01

265

Efecto de la adición de cafeína y lactato sobre la motilidad del semen equino diluido en leche descremada-glucosa/ Effect of caffeine and lactate addition on the motility of equine semen diluted in skim-glucose milk  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En equinos la inseminación artificial se practica mayormente con semen refrigerado por las dificultades que plantea la criopreservación. Para mejorar las condiciones de conservación a 5ºC se debe considerar el deterioro espermático post-recolección, puesto que componentes del plasma seminal complican la supervivencia de los espermatozoides con procesos oxidativos. Algunos compuestos tienen propiedades antioxidantes y mejoran notablemente la motilidad y la superviven (more) cia espermática. En esta experiencia se utilizó lactato de sodio (2mM) y cafeína (10 mM) incorporados al momento de la dilución del semen y a las 48 h de almacenaje a 5ºC, en un extender de base leche descremada-glucosa, con el propósito de estudiar los efectos de estos compuestos sobre los espermatozoides. Incorporados al momento de la dilución, el lactato y la cafeína indujeron movimientos más vigorosos que las muestras sin aditivos desde el inicio. Cuando se agregaron a las 48 h de almacenaje a 5ºC, ambos aditivos produjeron una notable recuperación en la motilidad (49% vs. 31%). Cuando estas mismas muestras fueron cultivadas a 37ºC, a los 30 minutos de incubación aquellas sin aditivos tuvieron escasas formas móviles (5%), frente a las adicionadas con lactato (29%) y cafeína (40%). A los 60 minutos las muestras sin aditivos casi no registraron movimiento, en tanto que las restantes mantuvieron porcentajes elevados. En los tres casos se encontraron diferencias estadísticas (P Abstract in english In equines, artificial insemination is practiced mostly with the use of refrigerated semen due to the difficulties that comes with the preservation of frozen semen. To improve the conservation conditions at 5ºC (refrigerated semen) it is necessary to consider the spermatic deterioration after the gathering, because components of the seminal plasma complicate the survival of the sperm with oxidative processes. Some components have antioxidant properties and improve notabl (more) y the spermatic motility and survival. In this experience sodium lactate (2 mM) and caffeine (10 mM) were incorporated at the moment of the dilution of the semen, and at 48 h of conservation at 5ºC in a skim milk - glucose bases extender, with the purpose of studying their effects on the sperm. Incorporated at the moment of the dilution, the lactate and the caffeine induced more vigorous movements than the samples without additives. When they were added at 48 h of preservation at 5ºC, both additives produced a remarkable recovery in the motility (49% vs. 31%). When these same samples were cultivated at 37ºC, at 30 minutes of incubation those without additives had scarce mobile forms (5%), and different from those added with lactate (29%) and caffeine (40%). At 60 minutes, the samples without additives hardly registered movement while the rest maintained the former percentages. In the three cases, there were found statistical differences (P

R. Wilde, Oscar; de la Vega, Adolfo C; Cruz, Maria L.

2004-01-01

266

Embryo production with sex-sorted semen in superovulated dairy heifers and cows.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sex-sorted semen on the number and quality of embryos recovered from superovulated heifers and cows on commercial dairy farm conditions in Finland. The data consist of 1487 commercial embryo collections performed on 633 and 854 animals of Holstein and Finnish Ayrshire breeds, respectively. Superovulation was induced by eight intramuscular injections of follicle-stimulating hormone, at 12-hour intervals over 4 days, involving declining doses beginning on 9 to 12 days after the onset of standing estrus. The donors were inseminated at 9 to 15-hour intervals beginning 12 hours after the onset of estrus with 2 + 2 (+1) doses of sex-sorted frozen-thawed semen (N = 218) into the uterine horns or with 1 + 1 (+1) doses of conventional frozen-thawed semen (N = 1269) into the uterine corpus. Most conventional semen (222 bulls) straws contained 15 million sperm (total number 30-45 million per donor). Sex-sorted semen (61 bulls) straws contained 2 million sperm (total number 8-14 million per donor). Mean number of transferable embryos in recoveries from cows bred with sex-sorted semen was 4.9, which is significantly lower than 9.1 transferable embryos recovered when using conventional semen (P ? 0.001). In heifers, no significant difference was detected between mean number of transferable embryos in recoveries using sex-sorted semen and conventional semen (6.1 and 7.2, respectively). The number of unfertilized ova was higher when using sex-sorted semen than when using conventional semen in heifers (P sex-sorted semen remains to be found. PMID:23998739

Kaimio, I; Mikkola, M; Lindeberg, H; Heikkinen, J; Hasler, J F; Taponen, J

2013-08-30

267

Embryo production with sex-sorted semen in superovulated dairy heifers and cows.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sex-sorted semen on the number and quality of embryos recovered from superovulated heifers and cows on commercial dairy farm conditions in Finland. The data consist of 1487 commercial embryo collections performed on 633 and 854 animals of Holstein and Finnish Ayrshire breeds, respectively. Superovulation was induced by eight intramuscular injections of follicle-stimulating hormone, at 12-hour intervals over 4 days, involving declining doses beginning on 9 to 12 days after the onset of standing estrus. The donors were inseminated at 9 to 15-hour intervals beginning 12 hours after the onset of estrus with 2 + 2 (+1) doses of sex-sorted frozen-thawed semen (N = 218) into the uterine horns or with 1 + 1 (+1) doses of conventional frozen-thawed semen (N = 1269) into the uterine corpus. Most conventional semen (222 bulls) straws contained 15 million sperm (total number 30-45 million per donor). Sex-sorted semen (61 bulls) straws contained 2 million sperm (total number 8-14 million per donor). Mean number of transferable embryos in recoveries from cows bred with sex-sorted semen was 4.9, which is significantly lower than 9.1 transferable embryos recovered when using conventional semen (P ? 0.001). In heifers, no significant difference was detected between mean number of transferable embryos in recoveries using sex-sorted semen and conventional semen (6.1 and 7.2, respectively). The number of unfertilized ova was higher when using sex-sorted semen than when using conventional semen in heifers (P < 0.01) and in cows (P < 0.05), and the number of degenerated embryos in cows (P < 0.01), but not in heifers. It was concluded that the insemination protocol used seemed to be adequate for heifers. In superovulated cows, an optimal protocol for using sex-sorted semen remains to be found.

Kaimio I; Mikkola M; Lindeberg H; Heikkinen J; Hasler JF; Taponen J

2013-08-01

268

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) in boar spermatozoa: purification, biochemical properties and changes in activity during semen storage (16°C) in different extenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

The antioxidant system in semen is composed of enzymes, low-molecular weight antioxidants and seminal plasma proteins. Loss of enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) during semen preservation may cause insufficient antioxidant defense of boar spermatozoa. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize SOD molecular forms from spermatozoa and to describe changes in SOD activity in boar sperm during preservation at 16°C. Sperm extracts were prepared from fresh or diluted semen and used for SOD purification or activity measurement. Ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration was used to purify SOD molecular forms. BTS, Dilu Cell, M III and Vitasem were used as diluents for 5-day storage of semen at +16°C. The molecular form of SOD released from spermatozoa after cold shock and homogenization had a molecular weight of approximately 67kDa. The activity of the SOD form was the highest at pH 10 within the temperature range between 20 and 45°C. The enzymatic activity of form released after cold shock was inhibited by H2O2 and diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC; by 65 and 40%, respectively). The SOD form released by homogenization was inhibited by H2O2 and DDC (40%). The molecular form released after urea treatment was a 30kDa protein with maximum activity at 20°C and pH 10. Enzymatic activity of this form was inhibited by H2O2 by 35%, DDC by 80% and 2-mercaptoethanol by 15%. The antigenic determinants of SOD isolated from boar seminal plasma and spermatozoa were similar to each other. Susceptibility of spermatozoa to cold shock increased during storage, but the differences between extenders were statistically non-significant. PMID:23522069

Orzo?ek, Aleksandra; Wysocki, Pawe?; Strze?ek, Jerzy; Kordan, W?adys?aw

2013-01-30

269

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) in boar spermatozoa: purification, biochemical properties and changes in activity during semen storage (16°C) in different extenders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The antioxidant system in semen is composed of enzymes, low-molecular weight antioxidants and seminal plasma proteins. Loss of enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) during semen preservation may cause insufficient antioxidant defense of boar spermatozoa. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize SOD molecular forms from spermatozoa and to describe changes in SOD activity in boar sperm during preservation at 16°C. Sperm extracts were prepared from fresh or diluted semen and used for SOD purification or activity measurement. Ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration was used to purify SOD molecular forms. BTS, Dilu Cell, M III and Vitasem were used as diluents for 5-day storage of semen at +16°C. The molecular form of SOD released from spermatozoa after cold shock and homogenization had a molecular weight of approximately 67kDa. The activity of the SOD form was the highest at pH 10 within the temperature range between 20 and 45°C. The enzymatic activity of form released after cold shock was inhibited by H2O2 and diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC; by 65 and 40%, respectively). The SOD form released by homogenization was inhibited by H2O2 and DDC (40%). The molecular form released after urea treatment was a 30kDa protein with maximum activity at 20°C and pH 10. Enzymatic activity of this form was inhibited by H2O2 by 35%, DDC by 80% and 2-mercaptoethanol by 15%. The antigenic determinants of SOD isolated from boar seminal plasma and spermatozoa were similar to each other. Susceptibility of spermatozoa to cold shock increased during storage, but the differences between extenders were statistically non-significant.

Orzo?ek A; Wysocki P; Strze?ek J; Kordan W

2013-03-01

270

Level of Glycolyzable Substrates in Stallion Semen: Effect of Ejaculation Frequency on Sperm Survival after Cool Storage during the Nonbreeding Season  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although seminal characteristics are routinely evaluated in the stallion, the effect of collection schedules and seminal plasma on semen quality during cool storage is not well understood, specifically during the nonbreeding season when cryopreservation of stallion semen is preferentially performed. To address these issues, behavioral characteristics, seminal parameters, and biochemical markers (d-glucose, fructose, and citric acid) were measured in ejaculates (n = 60) obtained during the nonbreeding season. Semen was collected from three stallions, twice a day (1-hour gap between successive collections) and two times in a week. Differences between the means of first and second ejaculates were observed for erection latency (P < .001), which was higher in second ejaculates and determined a higher total breeding time (P < .1). Variations introduced by the stallion were significant for number of mounts (P < .05, in first ejaculates), erection latency (P < .001, in second ejaculates), and total breeding time (P < .001, in second ejaculates). First and second ejaculates differed significantly for sperm motility and sperm concentration (P < .001, higher in first ejaculates) and pH (P < .01, higher in second ejaculates). d-glucose was present in seminal plasma at a much higher concentration than fructose (P < .001) in both ejaculates. There were no significant stallion-associated differences in sperm vitality and pH in the first and second ejaculates as well as in sperm concentration for the second ejaculates. The effect of seminal plasma on equine sperm survival during cooled storage was analyzed by monitoring sperm motility and cell morphology after conservation in an extender medium with and without seminal plasma. When statistically considering seminal plasma and conservation time simultaneously, it was found that these variables affected acrosomal status and midpiece morphology.

Gamboa S; Francisco M; Gomes P; Mendes C; Machado-Faria M; Ramalho-Santos J

2011-03-01

271

Uso de midodrín y congelación de semen en el tratamiento de las alteraciones del transporte espermático.: Caso clínico/ Use of Midodrine and frozen/thawed semen to treat semen transport disturbances.: Report of two cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Retrograde ejaculation severely compromises male fertility. The use of sympathicomimetics for the treatment of this condition has poor results, except in patients with partial retrograde ejaculation, whose semen has a higher spermatozoa concentration. The semen of two patients with partial retrograde ejaculation was collected and frozen after the injection of a sympathicomimetic (Midodrine). The frozen/thawed samples were mixed with fresh semen recently ejaculated to obta (more) in a minimal number of motile spermatozoa, and used for intrauterine insemination (> de 1 x 106 motile spermatozoa/ml). In both cases, pregnancies that developed satisfactorily, were obtained. (Rev Méd Chile 2000; 128: 93-97)

Sánchez G, Raúl; Peña S, Patricio; Villagrán V, Eduardo

2000-01-01

272

Uso de midodrín y congelación de semen en el tratamiento de las alteraciones del transporte espermático.: Caso clínico Use of Midodrine and frozen/thawed semen to treat semen transport disturbances.: Report of two cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Retrograde ejaculation severely compromises male fertility. The use of sympathicomimetics for the treatment of this condition has poor results, except in patients with partial retrograde ejaculation, whose semen has a higher spermatozoa concentration. The semen of two patients with partial retrograde ejaculation was collected and frozen after the injection of a sympathicomimetic (Midodrine). The frozen/thawed samples were mixed with fresh semen recently ejaculated to obtain a minimal number of motile spermatozoa, and used for intrauterine insemination (> de 1 x 106 motile spermatozoa/ml). In both cases, pregnancies that developed satisfactorily, were obtained. (Rev Méd Chile 2000; 128: 93-97)

Raúl Sánchez G; Patricio Peña S; Eduardo Villagrán V

2000-01-01

273

Effects of stress and characteristic adaptability on semen quality in healthy men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Semen from 28 healthy volunteers was assessed for basic semen measure and percent of abnormal morphologic forms every 2 weeks for 6 months. Concurrent self-reports were obtained on abstinence, frequency of ejaculation, health behavior and status, experienced stress, social support, and life events. A single assessment of characteristic adaptability (ego resiliency) also was obtained. Significant between-subject positive correlations were reported among selected semen measures, abstinence, and ego-resiliency. Stress was correlated negatively with semen measures of volume and percent normal morphologic forms.

Giblin PT; Poland ML; Moghissi KS; Ager JW; Olson JM

1988-01-01

274

Effects of stress and characteristic adaptability on semen quality in healthy men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen from 28 healthy volunteers was assessed for basic semen measure and percent of abnormal morphologic forms every 2 weeks for 6 months. Concurrent self-reports were obtained on abstinence, frequency of ejaculation, health behavior and status, experienced stress, social support, and life events. A single assessment of characteristic adaptability (ego resiliency) also was obtained. Significant between-subject positive correlations were reported among selected semen measures, abstinence, and ego-resiliency. Stress was correlated negatively with semen measures of volume and percent normal morphologic forms. PMID:3335259

Giblin, P T; Poland, M L; Moghissi, K S; Ager, J W; Olson, J M

1988-01-01

275

Comparison of different extenders on the quality characteristics of turkey semen during storage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semen of the domestic turkey cannot be stored longer than 6 h without a loss of fertilizing capability. The improvement of long-term liquid storage procedures of semen is important since the commercial production of turkey relies almost entirely on artificial insemination. Therefore, studies improving storage regimens would allow longer storage and consequently hen fertility (Iaffaldano and Meluzzi, 2003). Since the search for an optimal extender composition for semen storage is still in progress, the aim of this paper has been to study the effects of different extenders on the quality of turkey semen during the storage for 48 h at 5°C.

N. Iaffaldano; M.P. Rosato; A. Manchisi; G. Centoducati; A. Meluzzi

2010-01-01

276

Preservation of mithun (Bos frontalis) semen at refrigeration temperature.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of the present study was to investigate the possibility of preserving mithun (Bos frontalis) spermatozoa at refrigeration temperature using tris-egg yolk diluent. Semen samples were collected from four adult mithun bulls through rectal massage method. Good quality semen samples (n=30) were preserved at 4 degrees C using tris-egg yolk diluent for 72 h. Progressive motility, live spermatozoa count and morphological abnormalities were evaluated every 12 h until 72 h of preservation. The colour, consistency and mass activity of fresh semen samples were found to be creamy white, medium and 3+ to 4+ (5+ scale), respectively. The average (mean+/-S.E.) volume (ml), pH and spermatozoa concentration (10(6) ml(-1)) of fresh semen samples were found to be 0.6+/-0.01, 6.8+/-0.03 and 425+/-48, respectively. Progressive motility and live spermatozoa count were found to be less than 30% (P<0.01) after 48 h of storage. Head (P<0.05), midpiece (P<0.05), tail (P<0.01) and total (P<0.01) abnormalities were found to be increased significantly over the time of storage. It was observed that progressive motility and live spermatozoa count remained above 30% and 40%, respectively, until 36 h of storage. Simultaneously the percentage of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa was found to be significantly low until 36 h of storage. The results indicate that it is possible to preserve mithun spermatozoa at refrigeration temperature in tris-egg yolk diluent, which can be further used for artificial insemination within 36 h of storage.

Karunakaran M; Dhali A; Mech A; Khate K; Rajkhowa C; Mishra DP

2007-10-01

277

Preservation of mithun (Bos frontalis) semen at refrigeration temperature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of the present study was to investigate the possibility of preserving mithun (Bos frontalis) spermatozoa at refrigeration temperature using tris-egg yolk diluent. Semen samples were collected from four adult mithun bulls through rectal massage method. Good quality semen samples (n=30) were preserved at 4 degrees C using tris-egg yolk diluent for 72 h. Progressive motility, live spermatozoa count and morphological abnormalities were evaluated every 12 h until 72 h of preservation. The colour, consistency and mass activity of fresh semen samples were found to be creamy white, medium and 3+ to 4+ (5+ scale), respectively. The average (mean+/-S.E.) volume (ml), pH and spermatozoa concentration (10(6) ml(-1)) of fresh semen samples were found to be 0.6+/-0.01, 6.8+/-0.03 and 425+/-48, respectively. Progressive motility and live spermatozoa count were found to be less than 30% (P<0.01) after 48 h of storage. Head (P<0.05), midpiece (P<0.05), tail (P<0.01) and total (P<0.01) abnormalities were found to be increased significantly over the time of storage. It was observed that progressive motility and live spermatozoa count remained above 30% and 40%, respectively, until 36 h of storage. Simultaneously the percentage of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa was found to be significantly low until 36 h of storage. The results indicate that it is possible to preserve mithun spermatozoa at refrigeration temperature in tris-egg yolk diluent, which can be further used for artificial insemination within 36 h of storage. PMID:17095169

Karunakaran, M; Dhali, A; Mech, A; Khate, K; Rajkhowa, C; Mishra, D P

2006-09-09

278

High levels of lipid peroxidation in semen of diabetic patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) (one of the final products of lipid peroxidation and well-known marker of oxidative stress) in semen of infertile men with type 2 diabetes and to investigate its relationship with their glycaemic control. Forty infertile men with type 2 diabetes were evaluated. The mean ages were 36.5 ± 8.0. Men with diabetes were divided into two groups. Group A (n = 20) with glycated haemoglobin >10% and group B (n = 20) with glycated haemoglobin <7%. A single sample was examined according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination of Human Semen and Sperm-Cervical Mucus Interaction, 1999, Cambridge University Press). MDA was assessed using the thiobarbituric acid method. MDA concentration in semen of group A patients (0.95 ± 0.35 nmol ml(-1)) was significantly higher than in group B patients (0.43 ± 0.13 nmol ml(-1)) (P value < 0.05) and had negative relationship with sperm density (r = -.717; P value < 0.05), total sperm count (r = -.625; P value < 0.05), progressive motility (r = -.489; P value < 0.05) and normal forms (r = -.545; P value < 0.05). Based on these results, it could be concluded that increase in lipid peroxidation in men with diabetes with poor metabolic control was associated with low sperm quality.

La Vignera S; Condorelli RA; Vicari E; D'Agata R; Salemi M; Calogero AE

2012-05-01

279

Sperm banking for male cancer patients: social and semen profiles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: Report the characteristics of cryopreserved semen from a cohort of male cancer patients, attitudes towards cryopreservation and outcomes of semen samples based on a 12-year cryopreservation program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 98 male cancer patients whose sperm samples were banked were evaluated. Demographic parameters, semen characteristics, destination of sperm banked samples and questionnaires answered by the patients regarding cryopreservation time were evaluated. RESULTS: The cancer diagnoses were testicle (56.1%), prostate (15.3%), Hodgkin’s lymphomas (9.2%), non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (7.1%), leukemia (3.1%) and other malignancies (9.2%). The patients with testicular cancer presented lower sperm concentration (p < 0.001); however, there were no differences with the percentage of normozoospermic patients among cancer type groups (p = 0.185). A shorter time between cancer diagnosis and sperm banking was observed for testicular and prostate cancer patients (p < 0.001). Most of the patients (89.5%) favored sperm banking as a fertility preservation method. CONCLUSIONS: Although less than 20% of banked sperm samples were disposed of, the majority of patients related sperm banking with safe for fertility preservation. Our results show that all male cancer patients of reproductive age facing cancer treatment could be offered sperm banking.

Tatiana C.S. Bonetti; Fabio F. Pasqualotto; Priscila Queiroz; Assumpto Iaconelli Jr.; Edson Borges Jr.

2009-01-01

280

Regional differences in semen qualities in the Baltic region.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recent prospective studies of male reproductive health have shown differences between several European countries. Our objective was to evaluate the current situation in the two Baltic States Estonia and Lithuania. In 1997-99 we investigated semen parameters, levels of reproductive hormones and general health factors of 196 men from the general population in Lithuania; from Estonia, 79 men from the general population and 118 soldiers were investigated. Adjusted for interlaboratory differences and abstinence period, sperm concentration of Lithuanian and Estonian men from the general populations were shown to be 55 and 67 million/mL, respectively. The Estonian soldiers had the highest sperm concentration, 82 million/mL. The frequencies of morphologically normal spermatozoa were 6.2, 7.7 and 9.6%, respectively. In contrast to the semen qualities, highest Inhibin B levels were detected in the Lithuanians (233 pg/mL) followed by Estonian men from the general population (220 pg/mL) and Estonian soldiers (185 pg/mL). The soldiers had also the lowest level of testosterone and oestradiol. The sperm counts of the Estonian and Lithuanian men investigated here are higher than recently shown for Norwegian, Danish, Estonian and Finnish men. Comparisons should be cautiously drawn as the groups are not completely comparable. Still, even within the Baltic region, geographically close and sharing common recent social history, differences in semen quality and levels of reproductive hormones are apparent.

Punab M; Zilaitiene B; Jørgensen N; Horte A; Matulevicius V; Peetsalu A; Skakkebaek NE

2002-08-01

 
 
 
 
281

Prospective surveillance of semen quality in the workplace  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We performed a prospective surveillance of semen quality among workers in the plant where 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane was first recognized as an occupational cause of impaired semen quality and of infertility. All male employees of the Agricultural Chemical Division were required to participate. Ninety-seven workers (92% participation) provided 258 semen samples over the 4 years of the program. Most samples were analyzed at the plant with a mini-laboratory designed for the study. Motility and shape measures were made objectively. Sixty-six subjects (68%) were non-azoospermic. Generalized multiple regression showed no significant predictors for any response, with the exception of the motility measures, which were reduced with longer times between ejaculation and assay. Between- and within-person standard deviations and correlations were calculated. Comparison of this population with fertile artificial insemination donors (16 men, 498 ejaculates) revealed generally higher ejaculate-to-ejaculate standard deviations in the worker samples. This is probably due to less well controlled conditions of sperm collection in the workplace setting. For cross-sectional studies, one ejaculate per worker is recommended as sufficient; for estimating an individual worker's mean, even three ejaculates may not provide enough precision.

Schenker, M.B.; Samuels, S.J.; Perkins, C.; Lewis, E.L.; Katz, D.F.; Overstreet, J.W.

1988-04-01

282

Effects of Underfeeding on Semen Quality of Rhode Island Cocks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fifty Rhode Island chickens were randomly assigned to five treatments with ten cocks in each treatment. Group I cocks (full fed control) received 140 g of a 16% CP growers ration per cock per day. Cocks in Group II, III, IV and V received 98, 70, 42 and 28 g of the same ration per cock per day, representing 70, 50, 30 and 20% of Group I intake, respectively. The feeding trials lasted for 8 weeks during which one ejaculate per day was collected from each cock using the massage technique. The ejaculated semen samples were subjected to both physical and biochemical evaluations. Results showed that cocks that were severely underfed (i.e., Groups IV and V) took significantly longer time (p<0.01) to ejaculate. In addition, ejaculation failures were encountered more frequently with the severely underfed cocks than in cocks that were moderately underfed (i.e., Groups II and III). There were however, no significant differences in most of the biochemical parameters between cocks I all the treatment groups. Ejaculate volume, progressive sperm motility and sperm concentration were significantly depressed (p<0.01) in the severely underfed cocks than in the moderately underfed cocks. Thus, this study revealed that providing Rhode Island red and white cocks with one-half to three-quarter (i.e., 50-70%) of their normal daily ration would neither undermine their semen producing ability nor affect their semen quality adversely.

M. Kabir; O.O. Oni; G.N. Akpa; I.A. Adeyinka; P.I. Rekwot

2007-01-01

283

Evaluation of Bulls Based on Semen Quality and Herd Fertility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The data of the present study were collected from Bangladesh Milk Producers` Co-operative Union Limited (BMPCUL) at Baghabarighat, Sirajgong, Bangladesh to evaluate the bull performance through semen quality and 30-day Non Return Rate (NRR). Data on 245 ejaculates and 12,750 services of almost same aged of 5 Sahiwal bulls (B1, B2, B3, B4 and B5) over a period of 5 years were collected from Animal Breeding Section and Cattle Feed Unit of BMPCUL. The significant (p0.05) variation was not found for pH. The highest volume of semen per ejaculate, the initial, on dilution and post-thawing sperm motility were found in bull B4 and representing 5.60?0.19 mL, 73.56?0.61, 69.27?0.33 and 63.90?0.48%, respectively. The highest sperm motility was found in initial stage and then declined steadily up to post-thawing stage. Significant (p<0.01) positive correlations were observed between the three stages of sperm motility and fertility. The results of the present study revealed that evaluation of breeding bulls on the basis of semen quality and herd fertility is important and provides the guideline of the way to sire selection for reproductive performance.

M.P. Mostari; M.G.M. Rahman; M.A.M.Y. Khandoker; S.S. Husain

2004-01-01

284

Prospective surveillance of semen quality in the workplace.  

Science.gov (United States)

We performed a prospective surveillance of semen quality among workers in the plant where 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane was first recognized as an occupational cause of impaired semen quality and of infertility. All male employees of the Agricultural Chemical Division were required to participate. Ninety-seven workers (92% participation) provided 258 semen samples over the 4 years of the program. Most samples were analyzed at the plant with a mini-laboratory designed for the study. Motility and shape measures were made objectively. Sixty-six subjects (68%) were non-azoospermic. Generalized multiple regression showed no significant predictors for any response, with the exception of the motility measures, which were reduced with longer times between ejaculation and assay. Between- and within-person standard deviations and correlations were calculated. Comparison of this population with fertile artificial insemination donors (16 men, 498 ejaculates) revealed generally higher ejaculate-to-ejaculate standard deviations in the worker samples. This is probably due to less well controlled conditions of sperm collection in the workplace setting. For cross-sectional studies, one ejaculate per worker is recommended as sufficient; for estimating an individual worker's mean, even three ejaculates may not provide enough precision. PMID:3379487

Schenker, M B; Samuels, S J; Perkins, C; Lewis, E L; Katz, D F; Overstreet, J W

1988-04-01

285

Prospective surveillance of semen quality in the workplace.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We performed a prospective surveillance of semen quality among workers in the plant where 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane was first recognized as an occupational cause of impaired semen quality and of infertility. All male employees of the Agricultural Chemical Division were required to participate. Ninety-seven workers (92% participation) provided 258 semen samples over the 4 years of the program. Most samples were analyzed at the plant with a mini-laboratory designed for the study. Motility and shape measures were made objectively. Sixty-six subjects (68%) were non-azoospermic. Generalized multiple regression showed no significant predictors for any response, with the exception of the motility measures, which were reduced with longer times between ejaculation and assay. Between- and within-person standard deviations and correlations were calculated. Comparison of this population with fertile artificial insemination donors (16 men, 498 ejaculates) revealed generally higher ejaculate-to-ejaculate standard deviations in the worker samples. This is probably due to less well controlled conditions of sperm collection in the workplace setting. For cross-sectional studies, one ejaculate per worker is recommended as sufficient; for estimating an individual worker's mean, even three ejaculates may not provide enough precision.

Schenker MB; Samuels SJ; Perkins C; Lewis EL; Katz DF; Overstreet JW

1988-04-01

286

Semen characteristics and sperm morphology of serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) is a critically endangered species. The objectives of this study were to evaluate ejaculate quality in captive males, and to investigate and characterize sperm morphology. Semen was collected using electroejaculation. Mean (+/-S.D.) seminal characteristics were: semen volume 2.3+/-0.8 mL, pH 7.8+/-0.4, and osmolality 329.9+/-32.9mOsmol/kg; sperm concentration 515.8+/-263.1 x 10(6) cells/mL; wave motion score (1-5) 3.9+/-0.4; motile sperm 60.5+/-22%; viable sperm 68.3+/-9.4%; morphologically normal sperm 70.8+/-19.3%; and an opacity that was yellowish to milky-white. Sperm head length, width, degree of elongation, area, and perimeter were 6.0+/-0.6 microm, 4.3+/-0.3 microm, 71.7+/-8.6%, 19.8+/-2.5 microm(2), and 17.9+/-2.1 microm. Based on these measurements, we categorized sperm head morphometry as small, medium, or large. In addition, sperm morphology was examined by light and scanning electron microscopy; overall, morphologically normal and abnormal sperm were similar to those reported for other bovidae. In summary, this study provided baseline data regarding semen characteristics of C. sumatraensis, which should be of value in the preservation of this endangered species.

Suwanpugdee A; Kornkeawrat K; Saikhun K; Siriaroonrat B; Tipkantha W; Doungsa-Ard K; Sa-Ardrit M; Suthunmapinatha P; Pinyopummin A

2009-03-01

287

Semen donor selection by in vitro sperm mobility increases fertility and semen storage in the turkey hen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Commercial turkey production relies on the artificial insemination (AI) of pooled semen. However, semen quality ultimately depends on the quality of individual ejaculates. The purpose of this study was to evaluate semen from individual toms by means of an objective sperm-mobility assay. Semen was then pooled by mobility phenotype and inseminated into hens, and the percentages of fertile and hatched eggs were determined after egg incubation. To indirectly evaluate hens' sperm storage, we determined the number of sperm holes in the perivitelline layer (PL) of freshly laid eggs. Semen from individual ejaculates (two trials, total of 169 toms) was evaluated by use of the sperm-mobility test (SMT). Semen was diluted to 1 x 10(9) sperm/ml, in prewarmed N-tris-[hydroxymethyl] methyl-2-amino-ethanesulfonic acid (TES)-buffered saline, and was placed over 3 ml of a 2% (w/v) Accudenz solution at 41degrees C. After a 5-minute incubation period, the cuvette was placed in a densimeter, and percentage transmission was recorded after 1 minute. Semen samples from toms ranked, according to sperm mobility, in the highest 10% and the lowest 10%, after three evaluations, were pooled by group and were used to inseminate hens weekly (trial 1: n = 20 hens/group, for 10 weeks, AI dose 150 x 10(6) spermatozoa inseminated fresh and after 24-hour in vitro storage at 5 degrees C; trial 2: n = 60 hens/group, for 16 weeks, AI dose = 75 x 10(6) spermatozoa inseminated fresh). Each week, eggs from day 6 post-AI were evaluated for holes in the PL, vestiges of acrosomal induced hydrolysis. Spermatozoa from toms of different mobility phenotypes were also evaluated individually, for sperm chromatin structure and motility variables, by use of the Hobson Sperm Tracker. Toms characterized by high and low in vitro sperm-mobility phenotype were categorized as "high mobility" and "low mobility," respectively. The percentage of fertile eggs from hens inseminated with semen from the high-mobility toms was higher than the percentage of fertile eggs from the low-mobility group, in each trial (95.8+/-1.3% vs. 90.4+/-2.2%, and 88.7+/-4.0% vs. 82.4+/-0.4%, trials 1 and 2, respectively; P < 0.05). More sperm holes were observed in the PL of eggs fertilized by the high-mobility toms than in the PL of eggs fertilized by the low-mobility toms (P < 0.05). No differences in susceptibility of sperm nuclear DNA to denature in situ, as measured by the flow-cytometric sperm chromatin-structure assay, were detected between toms of differing mobility phenotypes. Sperm-motility variables, straight-line velocity, and average-path velocity were significantly greater for high-mobility toms compared to low-mobility toms (P < 0.05). Sperm-mobility differences between toms (detected by means of the SMT) influenced sperm storage, as indicated by the number of sperm in the PL and by the percentage of fertile eggs produced.

Donoghue AM; Holsberger DR; Evenson DP; Froman DP

1998-05-01

288

EFFECTS OF A NEW ANTIBIOTIC COMBINATION ON POST -THAW MOTION CHRACTERISTICS AND MEMBRANE INTEGRITY OF BUFFALO AND SAHIWAL BULL SPERMATOZOA AND ON THE BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF THEIR SEMEN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study the effects of a new antibiotic combination, i.e., gentamycin, tylosin and linco-spectin (STLS) on post-thaw motion characteristics, plasma membrane integrity, sperm morphology and the total aerobic bacterial counts (TABC) in buffalo and Sahiwal bull semen were investigated. Ten ejaculates, five each from a buffalo and a Sahiwal bull, possessing more than 60% sperm motility were used. These ejaculates were diluted in Tris-citric acid (TCA) extender (at 37 °C; 50 X 106 spermatozoa/mi), containing either GTLS (gentamycin 500 ?g/ml, tylosin 100 ?g/ml and linco-spectin 300/600 ?g/ml), streptomycin 1000 ?g/ml and penicillin 1000 IU/ml (SP), or negative control with no antibiotics (NCON). Samples were cooled to 4°C in 2 hours, equilibrated at 4°C for 4 hours, filled in 0.5 ml straws, frozen in a controlled rate cell freezer and plunged into liquid nitrogen. Frozen semen was thawed at 37°C for 15 seconds. Post-thaw sperm motion characteristics, plasma membrane integrity and sperm morphology were determined. Total aerobic bacterial counts and the frequency of appearance of bacterial genera were determined in neat semen, after dilution, and after freezing and thawing. Mean motilities (visual; computer-assisted, linear and circular), velocities (straight-line, average path and curvilinear) and lateral head displacement (LHD) in post- thaw semen samples did not differ due to antibiotics or species. Same was true for sperm plasma membrane integrity. Morphologically abnormal spermatozoa were lower (P<0.05) in GTLS and SP than in NCON. Sperm cells possessing normal acrosomes were higher (P<0.01) in GTLS and SP than in NCON. Total aerobic bacterial counts in post-thaw samples were lower (P<0.05) in GTLS than in SP or NCON. Staphylococcus and micrococcus were lower in samples treated with GTLS than that of SP or NCON. Pseudomonas and E.coli were more frequent in buffaloes than Sahiwal bull samples. Proteus and corynebacteria were scarcely present. In conclusion, GTLS was not determintal to post thaw motion characteristics, sperm morphology and membrane integrity of buffalo and Sahiwal bull spermatozoa. Furthermore, it efficiently reduced the number of aerobic micro-organisms in buffalo and Sahiwal bull semen.

S. Hasan, S. M. H. Andrabi, R. Muneer, M. Anzar and N. Ahmad

2001-01-01

289

THE EFFECT OF IN VITRO SEMEN STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND AGE OF MALES ON SPERMATOZOA MOTILITY PARAMETERS OF TURKEYS SEMEN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This work was to evaluate the effect of in vitro storage temperature and age of males on turkey spermatozoa motility. For this purpose samples were collected from British United Turkeys (BUT) Big 6 line and semen quality was assessed by using Computer Assisted Semen Analyzer (CASA) system. After 60 minutes of storage spermatozoa motility, progressive motility and amplitude of lateral head displacement decreased significantly both in 4° and 41°C regardless of birds age. However the lowest values of all parameters were noted after storage in thermostat. Spermatozoa motility after 0 and 60 minutes in 4°C was higher in samples collected from turkeys of 35 – 42 weeks of age (60.94% and 53.33% respectively). Whereas the value of that parameter in semen stored in 41°C was lower in that age group. The same tendency was found in progressive motility. The results showed that higher temperature of in vitro storage (even that similar to animal body temperature, in this case 41ºC) has more negative effect on spermatozoa motility parameters than lower temperature.

Joanna Paluch; Tomáš Slanina; Peter Massányi; Robert Stawarz

2013-01-01

290

Osborne Selection Index and Semen Traits Interrelationships In Rhode Island Red and White Breeder Cocks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Three hundred and sixty-one cocks from five hatches, one week apart, were used in this study. The birds which were made up of 203 birds from strain A (male line) and 158 birds from strain B (female line) were subjected to semen collection using the massage technique. The ejaculates were then subjected to both physical and chemical evaluations for semen quality analysis. The parameters considered were semen volume, semen colour, sperm progressive motility, sperm concentration, total sperm per ejaculate, concentration of live sperm and percent abnormal sperm. Results showed that the mean values for all the parameters lie within the acceptable range reported for normal cock semen. Moderate to high heritability estimates for most of the semen traits were also observed. The least square means (±SE) for semen volume, sperm progressive motility, sperm concentration, total sperm per ejaculate and concentration of live sperm cells obtained in this study were 0.42±0.02 ml, 73.46±2.04%, 1.47±0.15x109/ml, 64.15±5.67x109/ml and 86.45±2.63%. The heritability estimates obtained were 0.55±0.03 for semen colour, 0.45±0.08 for semen volume, 0.83±0.04 for sperm progressive motility, 0.52±0.06 for sperm concentration, 0.33±0.02 for total sperm count, 0.46±0.03 for concentration of live sperm cells respectively. High and positive genetic correlations between Osborne Selection Index and semen volume, semen colour, sperm concentration as well as with concentration of live spermatozoa were also obtained. The lowest value (0.008±0.010) of phenotypic correlation obtained was for total sperm per ejaculate and the highest value (0.066±0.027) was for semen volume. Therefore the genetic correlation between Osborne Selection Index and most semen traits were positive, hence, selection of males on the index values, currently been practiced in NAPRI, will not bring about any deterioration in semen quality. On the other hand, due to significantly negative genetic correlation between Osborne index and abnormal sperms, it will indirectly improve the semen quality of both lines which in turn may yield better fertility in the Rhode Island flock.

M. Kabir; O.O. Oni; G.N. Akpa

2007-01-01

291

Comparison of different extenders and storage temperature on the sperm motility characteristics of Kolbroek pig semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Maintaining a successful pig artificial insemination programme depends on a number of factors, including evaluation of semen characteristics. This study compared the efficacy of different extenders on the sperm motility of Kolbroek semen during short term storage at 4 °C and 25 °C. Semen was collected from Kolbroek boars using the gloved hand technique and transported to the laboratory for evaluation. Semen was pooled and randomly allocated to four groups and diluted at (more) a ratio of 1:1 (v/v) with Beltsville thawing solution (BTS), Kobidil+, egg yolk citrate (EYC) and non-extended semen (Control). Each extender had two similar semen samples, making a total of eight samples. Extended and non-extended semen were stored at 4 °C and the other samples at 25 °C for 1 h. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The total sperm motility of semen stored at 25 °C was higher when semen was extended with BTS and Kobidil+ in comparison to the egg yolk citrate diluent. However, total sperm motility in the non-extended semen did not differ from the BTS and EYC group during storage at 25 °C. Sperm progressive motility was higher in the BTS group, compared to the Kobidil+ and non-extended groups. Sperm motility of Kolbroek semen at 4 °C did not differ between all extender treatments. Total motility rate was significantly higher when Kolbroek sperm were stored at 25 °C than at 4 °C. It can be concluded that Kolbroek sperm, extended with BTS, maintained their motility rate better for short term storage at 25 °C in comparison to 4 °C.

Mapeka, M.H.; Lehloenya, K.C.; Nedambale, T.L.

2012-01-01

292

Toxicity and clinical reasonable application of Taoren (Semen Persicae) based on ancient and modern literature research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To probe the toxicity and relative application theory of the commonly-used traditional Chinese herbal drug Taoren (Semen Persicae), and set up a correct attitude and principle and method to use Taoren (Semen Persicae) for treating the syndrome of stagnation of blood stasis and others in TCM clinic. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed and probed the ancient and modern literature research about Taoren (Semen Persicae), and summarized the realization of its toxicity and application contraindications in ancient herbals and the research assertion of its processing, drug-nature, pharmacologic actions, adverse reaction, and clinical reasonable application in modern literature. RESULTS: We found that some TCM doctors were worried about the effect of Taoren (Semen Persicae) 's disintegrating blood stasis to impair body's healthy Qi and its toxicity, and were not good at using this herb. And some patients were afraid of its toxic and side-effect not to take it. In the ancient and modern literatures some proper hates of Taoren (Semen Persicae) existed, and the toxicity component was also clear-cut, and the applications of Taoren (Semen Persicae) were in many fields especially the gynecological and traumatological diseases. The key root of toxicity generation and unreasonable application of Taoren (Semen Persicae) lies in taking without syndrome differentiation or using with overdosage. CONCLUSION: Under the precondition of correct processing, treatment based on syndrome differentiation, and taking the dosage stipulated by laws to apply Taoren (Semen Persicae) should be quite safe. The ancient and modern literature records and researches about Taoren (Semen Persicae) provide the determinate reference for understanding Taoren (Semen Persicae)'s efficacy and drug-nature (toxicity) more objectively and also for further correctly clinic recognition and research on Taoren (Semen Persicae).

Xi S; Qian L; Tong H; Yue L; Zhao H; Wang D; Lu D; Li P; Wang X

2013-04-01

293

Characterization of proteins in cryopreserved and non-cryopreserved seminal plasma of dairy bulls of dif-fering fertility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Seminal plasma is composed of secretions from accessory sex glands, which are mixed with sperm at ejaculation and contribute the majority of semen volume. Seminal plasma is considered a transport and support medium for sperm in the female reproductive tract. Because seminal plasma is not required fo...

JF Odhiambo; RA Dailey

294

Evaluation of the effectiveness of semen processing techniques to remove bovine viral diarrhea virus from experimentally contaminated semen samples.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of three semen processing techniques, Percoll gradient centrifugation, Swim-up and a combination of Swim-up and Percoll gradient centrifugation, to reduce the viral load of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in experimentally infected semen samples. The evaluation was performed using two approaches: first, searching for the presence of virus in the processed samples (via virus titration and RT-PCR) and second, ascertaining the possible interference on in vitro embryo production. The sperm count and DNA integrity (Comet assay) of the processed samples were analyzed (Experiment 1). The amount of virus in the processed samples was determined by titration in cell culture (Experiment 2). The samples processed by Swim up/Percoll gradient centrifugation were utilized for in vitro embryo production, and the embryos produced were tested for BVDV by RT-PCR (Experiment 3). Sperm concentration, Comet assay and embryo production were analyzed by chi-squared tests (P<0.05). There was a significant difference between sperm separation techniques when the sperm count and Comet assay were analyzed. The sperm count obtained from the Swim up/Percoll gradient centrifugation group was lower than that obtained in either of the two other groups (Swim up and Percoll gradient centrifugation), and the Comet assay showed that the combination of the two semen processing techniques (Swim up/Percoll gradient) produced a 1.1% prevalence of Comet level 2, which was not observed in the other groups. The BVDV titer (10(6.68)TCID(50)/mL) added to experimentally infected semen samples decreased after Percoll gradient centrifugation to 10(2.3)-10(1)TCID(50)/mL; for the Swim up group, the titer range was 10(3.3)-10(1.87)TCID(50)/mL, and in the Swim up/Percoll gradient centrifugation group, BVDV was undetectable. The decreases in titer varied from 99.9% in the Swim up-processed group to 100% in the Swim up/Percoll gradient centrifugation group. In vitro embryo production displayed similar blastocyst development rates among all groups, and RT-PCR was negative for the produced embryos. The data showed that the combination of Swim up/Percoll gradient centrifugation promoted the elimination of BVDV from the semen samples without damaging spermatozoa cells and also allowed successful in vitro embryo production free of BVDV. Hence, the risk of BVDV contamination is negligible for the embryo recipient.

Galuppo AG; Junior NB; Arruda NS; Corbellini AO; Chiappetta CM; Pavão DL; D'Angelo M; Canal CW; Rodrigues JL

2013-02-01

295

Human semen quality in the new millennium : a prospective cross-sectional population-based study of 4867 men  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Considerable interest and controversy over a possible decline in semen quality during the 20th century raised concern that semen quality could have reached a critically low level where it might affect human reproduction. The authors therefore initiated a study to assess reproductive health in men from the general population and to monitor changes in semen quality over time.

JØrgensen, Niels; Joensen, Ulla Nordström

2012-01-01

296

Semen parameters at different age groups of male partners of infertile couples.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

As a good number of couples are coming to infertility clinics to have children at advanced ages, it is essential to know whether advanced paternal age is associated with diminished semen quality and a higher risk of infertility. This retrospective study was done to see the effects of age on semen quality, a well-known indicator of fertility status. Semen parameters of smokers and non-smokers in the study population were also analyzed. A sample of 1121 male partners of infertile couples (aged 25-55 years) who came to an infertility clinic for treatment were included into the study. In addition to clinical history including lifestyle, medical and occupational details and physical examination, their semen samples were examined. Semen volume (ml), sperm concentration (x 10(6)/ml), motility (%), rapidly progressing (%), slowly progressing (%), non-progressive (%) motility and morphology (%) were measured. Semen volume showed IQR 1.5-3.0 ml, and significant decreasing trend with increasing age (r = -0.070, p<0.05). Sperm motility and rapidly progressing motility showed significant decrease (IQR 40.0-70.0, r = -0.115, p<0.01 and IQR 20.0-50.0, r = -0.107, p<0.01 respectively) with increasing age. There was no significant difference between semen parameters of smokers and non-smokers in the study population. This study shown that semen volume, sperm motility and rapidly progressing motility were significantly decreased with increasing age.

Hossain MM; Fatima P; Rahman D; Hossain HB

2012-04-01

297

Semen characteristics of goats with subacute, acute and chronic besnoitiosis : research communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A study on the semen obtained from breeding goats suffering from mild to severe chronic besnoitiosis revealed marked changes in semen volume, colour, density, concentration, mass and individual motility and percentage live. There were also many neutrophils and spermatozoa with primary and secondary ...

M.J. Njenga; S.J.M. Munyua; E.R. Mutiga; J.M. Gathuma; E.K. Kang’ethe; O. Bwangamoi; G.M. Mugera; B.N. Mitaru

298

Steps in the investigation and management of low semen volume in the infertile man  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

An adequate semen volume of ejaculate fluid is required to transport sperm into the female reproductive tract and allow for fertilization of the oocyte. Thus, seminal fluid volume is an important part of the semen analysis done to investigate male infertility. In this article, we review the anatomy ...

Roberts, Matthew; Jarvi, Keith

299

Effect of sperm concentration on characteristics of frozen-thawed semen in donkeys.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the effect of donkey sperm concentration in the straw during cryopreservation on the quality of thawed semen was evaluated. Samples from seven adult Martina Franca jackasses were collected three times using a Missouri artificial vagina. After estimation of volume and concentration, raw semen was evaluated for motility using a computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA); viability and acrosome integrity were also determined. Fresh semen was then centrifuged and re-suspended at five different concentrations (100, 250, 500, 750, and 1000×10(6)sperm/ml) with a commercial extender, packaged in 0.5ml straws, and frozen. After thawing, motility parameters, viability, and acrosome integrity were analyzed. The analysis of the data showed similar parameters of fresh semen compared with those of centrifuged and cooled samples. The sperm concentration in the straw affected the semen parameters analyzed after thawing, as suggested by evidence that when the concentration increased, the quality of the post-thawed semen decreased. Furthermore, the differences in total and progressive motility among samples at different concentrations are due to the immobilization of spermatozoa, as suggested by the finding that the percentage of static spermatozoa increased when the concentration increased. The reason for the impairment of semen quality when the sperm concentration increased was discussed. A great variability in cryo-resistance was found between jackasses but not within the same male, suggesting the presence of donkey males with semen that has acceptable and unacceptable freezing qualities. PMID:23182476

Contri, Alberto; Gloria, Alessia; Robbe, Domenico; Sfirro, Michele Pio; Carluccio, Augusto

2012-11-01

300

Effect of sperm concentration on characteristics of frozen-thawed semen in donkeys.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this study, the effect of donkey sperm concentration in the straw during cryopreservation on the quality of thawed semen was evaluated. Samples from seven adult Martina Franca jackasses were collected three times using a Missouri artificial vagina. After estimation of volume and concentration, raw semen was evaluated for motility using a computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA); viability and acrosome integrity were also determined. Fresh semen was then centrifuged and re-suspended at five different concentrations (100, 250, 500, 750, and 1000×10(6)sperm/ml) with a commercial extender, packaged in 0.5ml straws, and frozen. After thawing, motility parameters, viability, and acrosome integrity were analyzed. The analysis of the data showed similar parameters of fresh semen compared with those of centrifuged and cooled samples. The sperm concentration in the straw affected the semen parameters analyzed after thawing, as suggested by evidence that when the concentration increased, the quality of the post-thawed semen decreased. Furthermore, the differences in total and progressive motility among samples at different concentrations are due to the immobilization of spermatozoa, as suggested by the finding that the percentage of static spermatozoa increased when the concentration increased. The reason for the impairment of semen quality when the sperm concentration increased was discussed. A great variability in cryo-resistance was found between jackasses but not within the same male, suggesting the presence of donkey males with semen that has acceptable and unacceptable freezing qualities.

Contri A; Gloria A; Robbe D; Sfirro MP; Carluccio A

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
301

ACTIVITY OF NADH-TETRAZOLIUM REDUCTASE IN RAM SEMEN DURING LIQUID AND CRYOPRESERVATION  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The investigations for the determination of NADH-tetrazolium reductase enzyme system activity in ram semen during liquid and cryopreservation in relation with their viability, were carried out. The semen samples with lower motility of spermatozoa after collection, possess lower values of mean cytoch...

Rossen STEFANOV

302

A review of the phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of raphani semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The dried ripe seed of Raphanus sativus L., commonly known as radish seed (or Raphani Semen), is used as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat constipation, chronic tracheitis, and hypertension. The major active compounds in Raphani Semen are alkaloids, glucosinolates, brassinosteroids, and flavonoids. Fatty acids are its main nutritional contents. Raphani Semen has been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, constipation, and cough. So far, there is no report about the adverse/toxic effects of this herb on humans. However, Raphani Semen processed by roasting was reported to exhibit some adverse effects on mice. Additionally, erucic acid, the main fatty acid in Raphani Semen, was shown to enhance the toxicity of doxorubicin. Thus, Raphani Semen has a potential risk of causing toxicity and drug interaction. In summary, Raphani Semen is a valuable TCM herb with multiple pharmacological effects. More studies on Raphani Semen could help better understand its pharmacological mechanisms so as to provide clear scientific evidence to explain its traditional uses, to identify its therapeutic potential on other diseases, and to understand its possible harmful effects.

Sham TT; Yuen AC; Ng YF; Chan CO; Mok DK; Chan SW

2013-01-01

303

A review of the phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of raphani semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The dried ripe seed of Raphanus sativus L., commonly known as radish seed (or Raphani Semen), is used as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat constipation, chronic tracheitis, and hypertension. The major active compounds in Raphani Semen are alkaloids, glucosinolates, brassinosteroids, and flavonoids. Fatty acids are its main nutritional contents. Raphani Semen has been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, constipation, and cough. So far, there is no report about the adverse/toxic effects of this herb on humans. However, Raphani Semen processed by roasting was reported to exhibit some adverse effects on mice. Additionally, erucic acid, the main fatty acid in Raphani Semen, was shown to enhance the toxicity of doxorubicin. Thus, Raphani Semen has a potential risk of causing toxicity and drug interaction. In summary, Raphani Semen is a valuable TCM herb with multiple pharmacological effects. More studies on Raphani Semen could help better understand its pharmacological mechanisms so as to provide clear scientific evidence to explain its traditional uses, to identify its therapeutic potential on other diseases, and to understand its possible harmful effects. PMID:23935670

Sham, Tung-Ting; Yuen, Ailsa Chui-Ying; Ng, Yam-Fung; Chan, Chi-On; Mok, Daniel Kam-Wah; Chan, Shun-Wan

2013-07-08

304

Evaluation of the semen characteistics after induced spermiation in the bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus  

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Full Text Available Evaluation of semen characteristics after hormonal induction of the bullfrog could provide valuable information on the gametes of this species, which may be useful for projects related to artificial fertilization, animal improvement, and cryopreservation. Bullfrog males were induced to spermiate with buserelin acetate (GnRHa), and their semen was subsequently analyzed. GnRHa (0.4 ?g) was administered to the bullfrog males with secondary sexual characteristics such as weight > 200 g, yellow chin, nuptial callus, and amplexus reflex, being the semen collected after 60 min. The semen volume was 5.76 mL, light-colored. The other characteristics of the semen were: vigor of 4.80, motility of 93%, concentration of 14.24 × 106 mL-1, and content of normal spermatozoa of 70%. The volume, color, vigor, motility, sperm concentration, and content of normal spermatozoa were adequate in these bullfrog semen samples. Evaluation of the bullfrog semen samples based on this set of parameters is essential for decision-making about the quality and destination of the semen.  

Marcelo Maia Pereira; Oswaldo Pinto Ribeiro Filho; Jose Cola Zanuncio; Rodrigo Diana Navarro; Jose Teixeira Seixas Filho; Christiano Demétrio de Lima Ribeiro

2013-01-01

305

Multicenter Comparison of PCR Assays for Detection of Human Herpesvirus 8 DNA in Semen  

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Reported prevalences of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) (Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) in semen have ranged widely. This is possibly due to differences in assay sensitivity, geographic or population-based differences in the true presence of the virus in semen, and PCR contamination. This stud...

Pellett, Philip E.; Spira, Thomas J.; Bagasra, Omar; Boshoff, Chris; Corey, Lawrence; de Lellis, Laura; Huang, Meei-Li

306

Effects of Diluents, Cryoprotectants, Equilibration Time and Thawing Temperature on Cryopreservation of Duck Semen  

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A series of sequential experiments were carried out to determine optimum diluents, cryoprotectants, equilibration time, and thawing temperature for frozen duck semen in order to set up the commercial semen cryopreservating techniques which could be applied to the conservation of genetic resources, b...

X.F. Han; Z.Y. Niu; F.Z. Liu; C.S. Yang

307

Occupationally related exposures and reduced semen quality: a case-control study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between abnormal semen parameters and occupational exposures to organic solvents, metals, and pesticides. DESIGN: Case-control study using three case groups based on different cutoff values for semen parameters and one standard reference group. SETTING: University Hospital Utrecht and University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Male partners of couples having their first consultation at the two infertility clinics (n = 899). INTERVENTION(S): Men provided at least one semen sample. Occupational exposure was assessed with use of job-specific questionnaires, a job exposure matrix, and measurements of metals and metabolites of solvents in urine. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Standard clinical semen analyses were used to define case groups and controls. RESULT(S): An association between aromatic solvents and reduced semen quality was demonstrated, irrespective of the exposure assessment method used. The associations were stronger if the case definition was based on stricter cutoff values for semen parameters. Risk estimates were higher if the analysis was restricted to primary infertile men. Exposure to other pollutants at the workplace was not associated with impaired semen quality. CONCLUSION(S): The findings indicated an association between aromatic solvent exposure and impaired semen parameters.

Tielemans E; Burdorf A; te Velde ER; Weber RF; van Kooij RJ; Veulemans H; Heederik DJ

1999-04-01

308

Description of semen characteristics from six-banded armadillos (Euphractus sexcinctus) collected by electroejaculation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of the semen from six-banded armadillos (Euphractus sexcinctus) collected by electroejaculation. Six mature males were physically restrained and electroejaculated twice for the collection of semen. Semen collected was immediately evaluated for appearance, volume, pH, sperm motility, vigor, morphology, percentage of live sperm and functional membrane integrity by light microscopy. Semen was obtained from all (100%) twelve attempts conducted for electroejaculation. Armadillos' semen had a white-translucent appearance, and great viscosity. Mean values obtained in analysis of the semen were: 353+/-86 microl for volume, 9 for pH, 45+/-14 x 10(6)sperm/ml for concentration, 61+/-7% motile sperm with 2+/-0.2 for vigor, 55+/-7% live sperm, 86+/-2% morphologic normal sperm, and 46+/-6% functional membrane integrity. In conclusion, semen from six-banded armadillos can be efficiently obtained by electroejaculation. The characteristics of semen collected by electroejaculation in six-banded armadillos provide background information that may be useful for assisted breeding programs in the members of the Xenarthra family.

Serafim MK; Lira RA; Costa LL; Gadelha IC; Freitas CI; Silva AR

2010-04-01

309

Description of semen characteristics from six-banded armadillos (Euphractus sexcinctus) collected by electroejaculation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of the semen from six-banded armadillos (Euphractus sexcinctus) collected by electroejaculation. Six mature males were physically restrained and electroejaculated twice for the collection of semen. Semen collected was immediately evaluated for appearance, volume, pH, sperm motility, vigor, morphology, percentage of live sperm and functional membrane integrity by light microscopy. Semen was obtained from all (100%) twelve attempts conducted for electroejaculation. Armadillos' semen had a white-translucent appearance, and great viscosity. Mean values obtained in analysis of the semen were: 353+/-86 microl for volume, 9 for pH, 45+/-14 x 10(6)sperm/ml for concentration, 61+/-7% motile sperm with 2+/-0.2 for vigor, 55+/-7% live sperm, 86+/-2% morphologic normal sperm, and 46+/-6% functional membrane integrity. In conclusion, semen from six-banded armadillos can be efficiently obtained by electroejaculation. The characteristics of semen collected by electroejaculation in six-banded armadillos provide background information that may be useful for assisted breeding programs in the members of the Xenarthra family. PMID:19748749

Serafim, M K B; Lira, R A; Costa, L L M; Gadelha, I C N; Freitas, C I A; Silva, A R

2009-08-25

310

Influence of pre-cryopreservation pH and temperature on boar semen quality  

Science.gov (United States)

The influence of shipping temperature and pH on semen quality parameters could determine the effectiveness of current National Animal Germplasm Program protocols. The purpose of this project is to determine associations between pH, shipping temperature, and boar semen quality: cell size, cell inte...

311

ACTIVITY OF NADH-TETRAZOLIUM REDUCTASE IN RAM SEMEN DURING LIQUID AND CRYOPRESERVATION  

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Full Text Available The investigations for the determination of NADH-tetrazolium reductase enzyme system activity in ram semen during liquid and cryopreservation in relation with their viability, were carried out. The semen samples with lower motility of spermatozoa after collection, possess lower values of mean cytochemical coefficient for NADH-tetrazolium reductase activity ( ?<0.5, ?<0.5) after liquid and cryopreservation.

Rossen STEFANOV

2011-01-01

312

A Review of the Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activities of Raphani Semen  

Science.gov (United States)

The dried ripe seed of Raphanus sativus L., commonly known as radish seed (or Raphani Semen), is used as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat constipation, chronic tracheitis, and hypertension. The major active compounds in Raphani Semen are alkaloids, glucosinolates, brassinosteroids, and flavonoids. Fatty acids are its main nutritional contents. Raphani Semen has been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, constipation, and cough. So far, there is no report about the adverse/toxic effects of this herb on humans. However, Raphani Semen processed by roasting was reported to exhibit some adverse effects on mice. Additionally, erucic acid, the main fatty acid in Raphani Semen, was shown to enhance the toxicity of doxorubicin. Thus, Raphani Semen has a potential risk of causing toxicity and drug interaction. In summary, Raphani Semen is a valuable TCM herb with multiple pharmacological effects. More studies on Raphani Semen could help better understand its pharmacological mechanisms so as to provide clear scientific evidence to explain its traditional uses, to identify its therapeutic potential on other diseases, and to understand its possible harmful effects.

Sham, Tung-Ting; Yuen, Ailsa Chui-Ying; Ng, Yam-Fung; Chan, Chi-On; Mok, Daniel Kam-Wah

2013-01-01

313

Application of a quantitative (1)H-NMR method for the determination of amygdalin in Persicae semen, Armeniacae semen, and Mume fructus.  

Science.gov (United States)

A quantitative (1)H-NMR method (qHNMR) was used to measure the amygdalin content of Persicae semen, Armeniacae semen, and Mume fructus, in each of which amygdalin constitutes a major component. The purity of amygdalin was calculated from the ratio of the intensity of the amygdalin H-2 signal at ? 6.50 ppm in pyridine-d 5 to that of the hexamethyldisilane (HMD) signal at 0 ppm. The HMD concentration was corrected by the International System of Units (SI) traceability with certified reference material (CRM)-grade bisphenol A. qHNMR revealed the amygdalin contents to be 2.72 and 3.13 % in 2 lots of Persicae semen, 3.62 and 5.19 % in 2 lots of Armeniacae semen, and 0.23 % in Mume fructus. Thus, we demonstrated the utility of this method for the quantitative analysis of crude drugs. PMID:23744252

Tanaka, Rie; Nitta, Akane; Nagatsu, Akito

2013-06-01

314

The effects of male age on semen parameters: analysis of 1364 men attending an andrology center.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although the effect of maternal age on fertility is well known, it is unclear whether paternal age also affects fertility. The aim of this retrospective study was to establish an association between the age of the individuals from Medellin, Colombia with semen volume, rapid progressive motility (a), total progressive motility (a + b) and concentration. We evaluated semen volume using a graduated tube, progressive motility using light microscopy (40 x) and sperm concentration using a Makler Chamber. Semen samples were grouped according to age into three arbitrary groups (or= to 40 years). The semen volume, rapid progressive motility (a) and total progressive motility (a + b), concentration and total sperm count were found to be inversely related to age (p < 0.05). The reduction in semen parameters of 1364 men attending an andrology center was associated with increasing age of the individuals.

Cardona Maya W; Berdugo J; Cadavid Jaramillo A

2009-12-01

315

The effects of male age on semen parameters: analysis of 1364 men attending an andrology center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the effect of maternal age on fertility is well known, it is unclear whether paternal age also affects fertility. The aim of this retrospective study was to establish an association between the age of the individuals from Medellin, Colombia with semen volume, rapid progressive motility (a), total progressive motility (a + b) and concentration. We evaluated semen volume using a graduated tube, progressive motility using light microscopy (40 x) and sperm concentration using a Makler Chamber. Semen samples were grouped according to age into three arbitrary groups (or= to 40 years). The semen volume, rapid progressive motility (a) and total progressive motility (a + b), concentration and total sperm count were found to be inversely related to age (p < 0.05). The reduction in semen parameters of 1364 men attending an andrology center was associated with increasing age of the individuals. PMID:19883297

Cardona Maya, Wálter; Berdugo, Jesús; Cadavid Jaramillo, Angela

2009-12-01

316

Prevalence of abnormal semen analysis in patients of infertility at a rural setup in Central India  

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Full Text Available Background: Semen analysis is an indispensable diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the male partners of infertile couples. Methods: Semen samples were analysed by manual method. Analyses were for volume, viscosity, sperm concentration, motility, and morphology, according to WHO guidelines on semen analysis Results: This study, done at a rural setup, at Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital has demonstrated that abnormal semen quality is a major factor in our rural setup with 52% of male partners of infertile couples having abnormal semen parameters. Conclusion: Male contribution towards infertility is yet to be studied and requires more elaborate research. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(2.000): 161-164

Shubhada Jajoo; Kanika R. Kalyani

2013-01-01

317

Semen parameters in fertile US men: the Study for Future Families.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Establishing reference norms for semen parameters in fertile men is important for accurate assessment, counselling and treatment of men with male factor infertility. Identifying temporal or geographic variability in semen quality also requires accurate measurement of semen parameters in well-characterized, defined populations of men. The Study for Future Families (SFF) recruited men who were partners of pregnant women attending prenatal clinics in Los Angeles CA, Minneapolis MN, Columbia MO, New York City NY and Iowa City IA. Semen samples were collected on site from 763 men (73% White, 15% Hispanic/Latino, 7% Black and 5% Asian or other ethnic group) using strict quality control and well-defined protocols. Semen volume (by weight), sperm concentration (hemacytometer) and sperm motility were measured at each centre. Sperm morphology (both WHO, 1999 strict and WHO, 1987) was determined at a central laboratory. Mean abstinence was 3.2 days. Mean (median; 5th-95th percentile) values were: semen volume, 3.9 (3.7; 1.5-6.8) mL; sperm concentration, 60 (67; 12-192) × 10(6) /mL; total sperm count 209 (240; 32-763) × 10(6) ; % motile, 51 (52; 28-67) %; and total motile sperm count, 104 (128; 14-395) × 10(6) respectively. Values for sperm morphology were 11 (10; 3-20) % and 57 (59; 38-72) % normal forms for WHO (1999) (strict) and WHO (1987) criteria respectively. Black men had significantly lower semen volume, sperm concentration and total motile sperm counts than White and Hispanic/Latino men. Semen parameters were marginally higher in men who achieved pregnancy more quickly but differences were small and not statistically significant. The SFF provides robust estimates of semen parameters in fertile men living in five different geographic locations in the US. Fertile men display wide variation in all of the semen parameters traditionally used to assess fertility potential.

Redmon JB; Thomas W; Ma W; Drobnis EZ; Sparks A; Wang C; Brazil C; Overstreet JW; Liu F; Swan SH

2013-09-01

318

EFFECT OF TWO DIFFERENT ANTIBIOTIC COMBINATIONS ON FERTILITY OF FROZEN BUFFALO AND SAHIW AL BULL SEMEN  

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Full Text Available This study was carried out to identify the suitable antibiotic combinations in semen extender for improvement in fertility of frozen semen of buffalo and cow (Sahiwal) bulls to obtain better pregnancy rate through artificial insemination (AI). For this study eight first ejaculates, four each from a buffalo and a cow (Sahiwal) bull were used. The ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted with Tris-citric acid extender (at 37°C; 50x 106 spermatozoa/mI), containing either SP (streptomycin 1000 ~g/ml and penicillin 1000 IU/ml) or GTLS (gentamycin 500 µg/ml, Tylosin 100 µg/ml and linco-spectin 300/600 µg/ml). There was no difference in post-thaw motility for these samples. Fertility test based on 75-days first service pregnancy rate was determined under field conditions. A total of 400 inseminations were recorded, 200 for each buffalo and cow (Sahiwal) with J 00 of each antibiotic combination, respectively. Fertility rates for SP-based frozen semen of buffalo bull were 41.66% and were 55.2% for GTLS-containing frozen semen, respectively. The results for GTLS were higher (P<0.0001) than SP. Similarly, fertility rates were higher (P<0.0001) for GTLS-based frozen semen of Sahiwal bull (78.78%) than SP-containing frozen semen (69.6%) of the same specie. Fertility rates also differed due to species of donor bulls. They were better (P<0.0001 ) for the frozen Sahiwal bull semen than that of the buffalo bull in both SP and GTLS- based frozen semen samples, respectively. In conclusion. seminal quality measured by field fertility trial indicated GTLS combination of antibiotics added to the semen extender was better for improvement in the fertility of frozen buffalo) and Sahiwal bull semen, by yielding better pregnancy rates through AI.

S.M.H. Andrabi, N. Ahmad, A. Abbas and M. Anzar

2001-01-01

319

Freezing African Elephant Semen as a New Population Management Tool  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The captive elephant population is not self-sustaining and with a limited number of breeding bulls, its genetic diversity is in decline. One way to overcome this is to import young and healthy animals from the wild. We introduce here a more sustainable alternative method - importation of semen from wild bulls without removing them from their natural habitat. Due to the logistics involved, the only practical option would be to transport cryopreserved sperm. Despite some early reports on African elephant semen cryopreservation, the utility of this new population management tool has not been evaluated. Methodology/Principal Findings Semen was collected by electroejaculation from 14 wild African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) bulls and cryopreserved using the directional freezing technique. Sperm treatments evaluated included the need for centrifugation, the use of hen or quail yolk, the concentration of glycerol (3%, 5% or 7%) in the extender, and maintenance of motility over time after thawing. Our results suggest that dilution in an extender containing hen yolk and 7% glycerol after centrifugation best preserved post-thaw sperm motility when compared to all other treatments (P?0.012 for all). Using this approach we were able to achieve after thawing (mean ± SD) 54.6±3.9% motility, 85.3±2.4% acrosome integrity, and 86.8±4.6% normal morphology with no decrease in motility over 1 h incubation at 37°C. Sperm cryopreserved during this study has already lead to a pregnancy of a captive female elephant following artificial insemination. Conclusions/Significance With working techniques for artificial insemination and sperm cryopreservation of both African and Asian elephants in hand, population managers can now enrich captive or isolated wild elephant populations without removing valuable individuals from their natural habitat.

Hermes, Robert; Saragusty, Joseph; Goritz, Frank; Bartels, Paul; Potier, Romain; Baker, Barbara; Streich, W. Jurgen; Hildebrandt, Thomas B.

2013-01-01

320

Freezing African elephant semen as a new population management tool.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The captive elephant population is not self-sustaining and with a limited number of breeding bulls, its genetic diversity is in decline. One way to overcome this is to import young and healthy animals from the wild. We introduce here a more sustainable alternative method - importation of semen from wild bulls without removing them from their natural habitat. Due to the logistics involved, the only practical option would be to transport cryopreserved sperm. Despite some early reports on African elephant semen cryopreservation, the utility of this new population management tool has not been evaluated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Semen was collected by electroejaculation from 14 wild African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) bulls and cryopreserved using the directional freezing technique. Sperm treatments evaluated included the need for centrifugation, the use of hen or quail yolk, the concentration of glycerol (3%, 5% or 7%) in the extender, and maintenance of motility over time after thawing. Our results suggest that dilution in an extender containing hen yolk and 7% glycerol after centrifugation best preserved post-thaw sperm motility when compared to all other treatments (P?0.012 for all). Using this approach we were able to achieve after thawing (mean ± SD) 54.6±3.9% motility, 85.3±2.4% acrosome integrity, and 86.8±4.6% normal morphology with no decrease in motility over 1 h incubation at 37°C. Sperm cryopreserved during this study has already lead to a pregnancy of a captive female elephant following artificial insemination. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: With working techniques for artificial insemination and sperm cryopreservation of both African and Asian elephants in hand, population managers can now enrich captive or isolated wild elephant populations without removing valuable individuals from their natural habitat.

Hermes R; Saragusty J; Göritz F; Bartels P; Potier R; Baker B; Streich WJ; Hildebrandt TB

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

A new hepoprotective saponin from Semen Celosia cristatae.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A new triterpenoid saponin, named semenoside A (1), was isolated from Semen Celosia cristatae. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of 1D, 2D NMR, HR-FAB-MS and ESI-MS techniques, and physicochemical properties. The hepatoprotective activity of semenoside A with an oral dose of 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0mg/kg, respectively, were investigated by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. The results indicated that it had significant hepatoprotective effects (p < 0.01).

Sun ZL; Gao GL; Xia YF; Feng J; Qiao ZY

2011-06-01

322

A new hepoprotective saponin from Semen Celosia cristatae.  

Science.gov (United States)

A new triterpenoid saponin, named semenoside A (1), was isolated from Semen Celosia cristatae. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of 1D, 2D NMR, HR-FAB-MS and ESI-MS techniques, and physicochemical properties. The hepatoprotective activity of semenoside A with an oral dose of 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0mg/kg, respectively, were investigated by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. The results indicated that it had significant hepatoprotective effects (p < 0.01). PMID:21262329

Sun, Zhen-Liang; Gao, Gang-Long; Xia, Yin-Fang; Feng, Jing; Qiao, Zeng-Yong

2011-01-22

323

Semen Characteristics of the Brown Ecotype of Sahel Goats in the Semi-arid Zone of Nigeria  

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Full Text Available A study was undertaken to determine the semen characteristics of the brown ecotype of sahel bucks. Five bucks were subjected to semen collection from two to twelve months of age. It was observed that the values of the semen characteristics increased over-age (months) and that at three months of age, there were significant levels of semen characteristic values. In conclusion, the spermiogram of the brown ecotype of sahel bucks was studied with a view to document the semen profile of indigenous and possibly evolving ecotypes of sahal bucks for future studies of improved breeding and selection.

V.A. Maina; S.U.R. Chaudhari; A. Williams

2006-01-01

324

Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 episomal cDNA in semen  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Episomal 2-long terminal repeat (LTR) HIV-1 cDNA, a by-product of HIV-1 infection, is used in clinical trials as a marker for ongoing viral replication. It would be useful to employ 2-LTR cDNA to monitor cryptic HIV-1 infection in the genital tract of men on antiretroviral therapy (ART) to predict the evolution of sexually transmissible drug-resistant HIV-1, but studies thus far have failed to detect this marker in semen. The objectives of this study were: 1) to use a technique that maximizes DNA recovery from HIV-1 infected white blood cells in semen to determine if episomal 2-LTR cDNA is detectable in semen of ART-naïve men with other evidence of genital tract HIV-1 infection, and 2) to compare levels of HIV-1 2-LTR cDNA, RNA, and proviral DNA in semen from HIV-1+ men on ART. Results Using a somatic cell DNA extraction technique, 2-LTR cDNA was detected by PCR/ELISA in 4 out of 8 semen samples from ART-naïve men selected for other signs of seminal HIV-1 infection (positive controls). Southern blot and DNA sequencing confirmed that the amplified sequences were HIV-1 2-LTR cDNA; copy numbers ranged from 55 to 504 copies/sample. Two semen samples from a cohort of 22 HIV-1-infected men on dual nucleoside therapy, one with and one without detectable seminal HIV-1 RNA, were 2-LTR cDNA positive (336 and 8,560 copies/sample). Following addition of indinavir to the therapy regimen, no semen samples from 21 men with controlled peripheral and seminal viral loads were 2-LTR cDNA positive at 1 and 6 month time points, despite the persistence of HIV-1 proviral DNA+ semen cells and seminal cytomegalovirus (CMV) shedding in some cases. However, one individual who failed indinavir therapy and later developed distinct protease inhibitor (PI) drug resistance mutations in semen, maintained elevated levels of HIV-1 RNA and 2-LTR cDNA in semen. Conclusion 2-LTR HIV-1 cDNA is detectable in semen of HIV-1-infected men. Two men on ART had 2-LTR HIV-1 cDNA in semen, suggesting that this marker may prove to be useful to monitor HIV-1 infection in the genital tract of men on ART to predict the evolution of drug resistance mutations in semen.

Xu Chong; Politch Joseph A; Mayer Kenneth H; Anderson Deborah J

2005-01-01

325

A Study of a Method to Assess the Purity of Sorted Bovine Semen Using Rapid Single-Sperm Sexing PCR  

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Full Text Available Sort reanalysis using flow cytometry is the most common method for determining the purity of X or Y enriched semen. The high cost of this technique (including the required expensive, proprietary machine) limits efforts to improve the technique and to promote develop applications for the sorted semen. In this study, the sperm sex (the presence of the X or Y chromosome) was identified by both rapid PCR and flow cytometry reanalysis. The rapid PCR results showed that the percentages of X and Y sperm were 48 and 52% in unsorted semen, 92 and 8% in X-enriched semen and 17 and 83% in Y-enriched semen, respectively. Reanalysis of the DNA content of the sorted samples revealed that the X and Y sperm frequencies were 92 and 8% in X-enriched semen and 15 and 85% in Y-enriched semen, respectively. The sex ratio of unsorted semen analyzed by PCR did not significantly deviate from the expected ratio of 1:1 and there was no significant difference between the sex ratios of sorted semen samples determined by PCR and flow cytometry reanalysis. These results indicate that we have established an effective, reliable and rapid PCR method to verify the purity of sorted semen. This method should contribute greatly to the improvement of sperm sorting techniques and the development of applications for sorted semen.

Dong Wang; Huabin Zhu; Jiaming Guo; Bo Lin; Linbo Zhang; Haisheng Hao; Weihua Du; Xueming Zhao

2011-01-01

326

Single layer centrifugation (SLC) improves sperm quality of cryopreserved Blanca-Celtibérica buck semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of sperm selection by means of single layer centrifugation (SLC) on sperm quality after cryopreservation, either when SLC is used before freezing or after thawing, using Blanca-Celtibérica buck semen collected by electroejaculation (EE). Ejaculates from six bucks were collected by EE and divided into two aliquots. One of them (unselected) was diluted with Biladyl(®) by the two-step method and frozen over nitrogen vapor. The other aliquot was selected by the SLC technique and subsequently frozen in the same way as the unselected samples (SLC before freezing). In a further treatment, two unselected straws were thawed and SLC was carried out (SLC after thawing). At thawing, sperm motility of all samples ((i) unselected; (ii) selected before freezing and (iii) selected after thawing) was evaluated by CASA. In addition, integrity of the plasma membrane, mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS production and DNA fragmentation index were assessed by flow cytometry. Most of the sperm parameters were improved (P?0.001) in samples selected by SLC after thawing in relation to unselected or selected by SLC before freezing. The percentage of progressive motile spermatozoa was greater (86%) for sperm samples selected after thawing compared with unselected (58%) or selected before freezing (54%). Moreover, percentages of spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane and spermatozoa with high mitochondrial membrane potential (hMMP) were also greater for sperm samples selected after thawing compared to sperm samples unselected or selected before freezing (spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane: 80% vs. 32% vs. 12%; spermatozoa with hMMP: 54% vs. 1% vs. 15%; respectively). Therefore, sperm quality after cryopreservation is improved in Blanca-Celtibérica buck ejaculates collected by EE when a sperm selection technique such as SLC is carried out after thawing. PMID:23084569

Jiménez-Rabadán, P; Morrell, J M; Johannisson, A; Ramón, M; García-Álvarez, O; Maroto-Morales, A; Alvaro-García, P J; Pérez-Guzmán, M D; Fernández-Santos, M R; Garde, J J; Soler, A J

2012-10-03

327

Single layer centrifugation (SLC) improves sperm quality of cryopreserved Blanca-Celtiberica buck semen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of sperm selection by means of single layer centrifugation (SLC) on sperm quality after cryopreservation, either when SLC is used before freezing or after thawing, using Blanca-Celtibérica buck semen collected by electroejaculation (EE). Ejaculates from six bucks were collected by EE and divided into two aliquots. One of them (unselected) was diluted with Biladyl(®) by the two-step method and frozen over nitrogen vapor. The other aliquot was selected by the SLC technique and subsequently frozen in the same way as the unselected samples (SLC before freezing). In a further treatment, two unselected straws were thawed and SLC was carried out (SLC after thawing). At thawing, sperm motility of all samples ((i) unselected; (ii) selected before freezing and (iii) selected after thawing) was evaluated by CASA. In addition, integrity of the plasma membrane, mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS production and DNA fragmentation index were assessed by flow cytometry. Most of the sperm parameters were improved (P?0.001) in samples selected by SLC after thawing in relation to unselected or selected by SLC before freezing. The percentage of progressive motile spermatozoa was greater (86%) for sperm samples selected after thawing compared with unselected (58%) or selected before freezing (54%). Moreover, percentages of spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane and spermatozoa with high mitochondrial membrane potential (hMMP) were also greater for sperm samples selected after thawing compared to sperm samples unselected or selected before freezing (spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane: 80% vs. 32% vs. 12%; spermatozoa with hMMP: 54% vs. 1% vs. 15%; respectively). Therefore, sperm quality after cryopreservation is improved in Blanca-Celtibérica buck ejaculates collected by EE when a sperm selection technique such as SLC is carried out after thawing.

Jiménez-Rabadán P; Morrell JM; Johannisson A; Ramón M; García-Álvarez O; Maroto-Morales A; Alvaro-García PJ; Pérez-Guzmán MD; Fernández-Santos MR; Garde JJ; Soler AJ

2012-12-01

328

Relationships between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters in rams.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to evaluate the correlation between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters in rams. In this study, five fertility-proven Awassi rams were used as material. Six ejaculates were collected from each ram by an artificial vagina. Spermatological parameters (semen volume, mass activity, sperm motility and concentration and abnormal sperm rate) were immediately determined in each ejaculate. For enzyme assay, the semen samples were centrifuged and stored at -20 °C for the analysis of arginase activity. The average seminal plasma arginase activity was 0.61 ± 0.20 U (mg protein)(-1) . There was a positive correlation between arginase activity and semen volume (r = 0.412, P < 0.05), semen mass activity (r = 0.610, P < 0.01), sperm motility (r = 0.447, P < 0.05) and sperm concentration (r = 0.808, P < 0.01). However, there was a negative correlation between arginase activity and abnormal sperm rate (r = -0.424, P < 0.05). In conclusion, this study clearly suggests that there is a significant correlation between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters. In light of these results, seminal plasma arginase activity may be a biochemical criterion for determining sperm quality besides classical semen analysis parameters in rams. PMID:21848887

Gür, S; Kandemir, F M

2011-08-16

329

Relationships between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters in rams.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study was conducted to evaluate the correlation between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters in rams. In this study, five fertility-proven Awassi rams were used as material. Six ejaculates were collected from each ram by an artificial vagina. Spermatological parameters (semen volume, mass activity, sperm motility and concentration and abnormal sperm rate) were immediately determined in each ejaculate. For enzyme assay, the semen samples were centrifuged and stored at -20 °C for the analysis of arginase activity. The average seminal plasma arginase activity was 0.61 ± 0.20 U (mg protein)(-1) . There was a positive correlation between arginase activity and semen volume (r = 0.412, P < 0.05), semen mass activity (r = 0.610, P < 0.01), sperm motility (r = 0.447, P < 0.05) and sperm concentration (r = 0.808, P < 0.01). However, there was a negative correlation between arginase activity and abnormal sperm rate (r = -0.424, P < 0.05). In conclusion, this study clearly suggests that there is a significant correlation between seminal plasma arginase activity and spermatological parameters. In light of these results, seminal plasma arginase activity may be a biochemical criterion for determining sperm quality besides classical semen analysis parameters in rams.

Gür S; Kandemir FM

2012-04-01

330

Evaluación de un nuevo diluyente para semen porcino (Evaluation of a new extender for boar semen)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ResumenCon el objetivo de evaluar el desempeño de un nuevo diluyente parasemen porcino se procesaron 108 eyaculados de 9 sementales de laraza Large White, seleccionándose 91 eyaculados que tenían valoresiguales o superiores a 70% de motilidad y 91 % de integridad delacrosoma, para su dilución en tres diferentes medios (DICIP, D16 YBTS), para la fertilidad se utilizaron hembras de segundo y tercerparto sincronizadas con gonadotropina serica (PMSG) en dosis de1000 UI inseminándose a las 72 y 84 horas No se encontrarondiferencias significativas en el porcentaje de motilidad entre losdiluyentes D16 y BTS hasta las 72 horas, a diferencia del DICIP, enel cual la motilidad disminuyó significativamente (p<0.001), respectoal control, a partir de las 24 horas, las reducciones en el porcentajede motilidad a las 72 horas, fueron de 45.88, 14.75 y 15.75 para elDICIP, D16, y BTS, respectivamente. Al referirnos al daño en laintegridad del acrosoma se observó un incremento del mismo en elmedio DICIP (35.85%) a las 72 horas, con diferencia significativas(p<0.001) respecto al control, mientras que el diluyente D16, nodifirió significativamente del control a las 72 horas (15.88 y 16.03%, respectivamente). En la prueba de fertilidad entre los diluyentesD16 – BTS, se encontró diferencias significativas (p<0.001) (86,4 y71,9) respectivamente, no observandose diferencias respecto a lascrías por parto. Para el procesamiento estadístico de los datos seutilizó un paquete estadístico (SAS).SummaryThe performance of a new extender for boar semen was assessed byprocessing 91 ejaculates of 9 Large White boars with values similar or equal to 70% motility and 91% acrosome integrity. The ejaculates were diluted in three different media (DICIP, D16 and BTS) for their preservation for three different intervals (24, 48 and 72 hours), for determining the fertility of the extender, females in their second and third farrowings, were used. They were synchronized with seric gonadotropine (PMSG) in dosages of 1000 IU and inseminated after 72 and 84 hours. There were no significant differences in motility percentage between D16 and BTS extenders at 72 hours, differing from DICIP which showed significant (p<0.001) motility decrease, with respect to the control (BTS) throughout all the study. The percentages of motility reduction at 72 hours were 45.88, 14.75 and 15.75 for DICIP, D16 and BTS, respectively. Damage percentage to acrosome integrity was higher in DICIP (35.85%) medium at 72 hours, with significant (p<0.001) difference regarding the control. The D16 extender did not differ significantly from the control at 72 hours, for the damage percentage to acrosome integrity. In the fertility test, there were significant (p<0.001) differences on comparing the D16 and BTS (85.8 and 71.4, respectively) extenders. There were no differences regarding the number of piglets born alive per litter.

Hernández-Díaz, Jorge Luis

2009-01-01

331

Evaluation of Semen Fertility of Bulls by Non-return Rate at 60 Days of Cows under Artificial Insemination Programme in Bangladesh  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study were to evaluate the effect of individual bull, semen types, quality of bull semen, sources of semen on Non-return Rate (NRR) at 60 days of cows under field condition. A total 75550 cows were inseminated with 71 bull semens from Central Cattle Breeding Station and Dairy Farm (CCBSDF), Savar, Dhaka, Rajshahi Dairy and Cattle Improvement Farm (RDCIF), Rajabarihat and District Artificial Insemination Centre (DAIC), Rajshahi under 40 Artificial Insemination (AI) sub-centres/points of District AI centre, Rajshahi. The overall NRR was obtained 78.54% with chilled and frozen semen produced from three AI centres/stations. Analysis of variance showed that individual bull semen had significant (p<0.05) effect on NRR at 60 days after first insemination. Semen types, quality of bull semen and sources of semen had significant (p<0.001) effect on NRR at 60 days of cows. The significant (p<0.001) highest NRR (82.32%) was with chilled semen and lowest was with frozen semen (76.39%). The significant (p<0.001) maximum NRR (83.12%) was for the best quality bull semen and minimum (70.13%) for the poor quality bull semen. Significant (p<0.001) higher NRR (82.32%) was in semen from DAIC, Rajshahi and lower (73.01%) in semen from RDCIF, Rajabarihat. Results suggested that the NRR of cows at 60 days after first insemination under field condition may be a good practice to discard poor fertility semen among the individual bull semen, semen types (chilled and frozen), quality of bull semen (poor, good and best) and sources of semen (CCBSDF, Savar, RDCIF, Rajabarihat and DAIC, Rajshahi) for artificial insemination programme in Bangladesh.

M.J.U. Sarder

2006-01-01

332

Effect of Saffron on Semen Parameters of Infertile Men  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: We conducted this study to determine the effects of saffron (Crocus sativus) on the results of semen analysis in men with idiopathic infertility.Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 52 nonsmoker infertile men whose problem could not be solved surgically were enrolled. They were treated by saffron for 3 months. Saffron, 50 mg, was solved in drinking milk and administered 3 times a week during the study course. Semen analysis was done before and after the treatment and the results were compared.Results: The mean percentage of sperm with normal morphology was 26.50 ± 6.44% before the treatment which increased to 33.90 ± 10.45%, thereafter (P P P P 6/mL at baseline and 44.92 ± 28.36× 106/mL after the treatment period (P = .30). Conclusion: Saffron, as an antioxidant, is positively effective on sperm morphology and motility in infertile men, while it does not increase sperm count. We believe further studies on larger sample sizes are needed to elucidate the potential role and mechanism of action of saffron and its ingredient in the treatment of male infertility.

Mohammad Heidary; Sepideh Vahhabi; Jahanbakhsh Reza Nejadi; Bahram Delfan; Mehdi Birjandi; Hossein Kaviani; Soudabeh Givrad

2008-01-01

333

APLIKASI PEMETAAN ALIRAN NILAI DI INDUSTRI KEMASAN SEMEN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the application of Value Stream Mapping to identify the waste in cement-package industry on PT IHSG. The Value Stream Mapping is used to map the activity towards the company's supply chain with the result that the non-value adding activity could be identified. The result will be an important fundament for identifying the defect and time. The effort for identifying the company's improvement meet the problem priority and it has a significant impact so that the time and cost consuming could be avoided. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Paper ini menggambarkan bagaimana aplikasi pemetaan aliran nilai dapat mengidentifikasi waste pada industri kemasan semen. Pemetaan aliran nilai digunakan untuk memetakan aktivitas pada rantai pasok perusahaan sehingga aktivitas yang tidak bernilai tambah dapat diketahui. Hasil pemetaan akan menjadi landasan penting didalam mengetahui cacat dan waktu tunggu. Upaya untuk mengidentifikasi perbaikan perusahaan sesuai dengan masalah prioritas yang ada dan memiliki dampak yang signifikan sehingga tidak terjadi pemborosan biaya dan waktu program perbaikan. Kata kunci: pemetaan aliran nilai, industri kemasan semen, waste.

Iwan Vanany

2005-01-01

334

'Gift without a price tag': altruism in anonymous semen donation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Commercialization of human gametes is now legally prohibited in Canada under the Assisted Human Reproduction Act 2004, making semen donation in Canada altruistic and anonymous by law. Donors must be altruistically motivated to donate gametes without receiving monetary rewards. Globally speaking, Canada is neither the first nor the only country in the world that has legislation to support altruistic gamete donation. Other countries have advocated similar systems either through legislative changes or implementation of best practice models. This paper is a review of literature assessing the differences in donation behaviours under paid and altruistic donation models. It provides contextual information of the current semen donation situation in Canada, while drawing upon relevant literature and research data from other countries as references. The author also attempts to re-conceptualize the meanings of altruism through exploring the complex interplay between psycho-social and institutional factors in influencing donors' behaviours. Although there is a substantial amount of research studying the impacts on donor recruitment when payment is withdrawn, very few research studies are found that focus on exploring altruistic donor recruitment strategies. It is unrealistic to expect the altruistic donation culture to emerge spontaneously in Canada without any multi-level efforts to coordinate the recruitment strategies. Research programmes are greatly needed to generate empirical knowledge that can guide the development of altruistic donor recruitment models geared to the current socio-cultural environment and legislative framework in Canada. The findings will be invaluable when the legislation comes up for parliamentary review in the near future.

Yee S

2009-01-01

335

STD/HIV association: effects on semen characteristics.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 83 fertile/infertile men to investigate the association between STDs and HIV and their effects on semen characteristics and seminal leucocytes. HIV antibodies in semen, andrological parameters and seminal leucocytes were analyzed. Of the 83 subjects, 36 were HIV+ and 47 were HIV- . Only 9 out of 36 HIV+ men and 25 out of 47 HIV- men had no history of STD. The most common type of STD was gonorrhea (65%) and 60% of those who had gonorrhea were HIV+ . HIV+ men had low sperm motility (p < 0.02). HIV+ men with a history of STD had leucocytospermia compared to HIV- men irrespective of history of STD (p < 0.001). Leucocytospermia was prevalent in HIV+ men even with no history of STD (p < 0.05). Non-ulcerative STDs was a risk factor for HIV infection. There was a significant association between HIV- and no history of STD. Impaired sperm motility in HIV+ men may be mediated by activated seminal leucocytes, which could induce oxidative stress on sperm. Leucocytospermia may be a reliable indicator of HIV+ .

Umapathy E

2005-09-01

336

Fertility of cryopreserved ovine semen is determined by sperm velocity.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study aims to examine the predictive value of some sperm parameters on male fertility. Semen samples from six Manchega rams were collected and cryopreserved. Sperm quality was assessed after thawing and after 2h of incubation, either in the freezing extender (37°C) or after dilution in Synthetic Oviductal Fluid (SOF) (38°C, 5% CO2), attempting to mimic the physiological conditions of the female reproductive tract. The following sperm parameters were evaluated: motility and kinetic parameters by computer-assisted semen analyzer (CASA), and sperm viability (propidium iodide), mitochondrial membrane potential (JC-1), apoptotic-like membrane changes (YO-PRO-1), acrosomal status (PNA-FITC), and intracellular calcium (fluo-3) by flow cytometry. Results showed no significant differences between incubation media neither after thawing nor after incubation. There were no significant correlations between fertility and sperm parameters assessed by flow cytometry. However, after incubation in the freezing extender, sperm samples from males with poor fertility yielded less linearity and velocity (P<0.05) as indicated by motility parameters analyzed by CASA. These results indicate that kinematic sperm motility parameters evaluation by CASA might be useful to identify samples with poor fertility.

Del Olmo E; Bisbal A; Maroto-Morales A; García-Alvarez O; Ramon M; Jimenez-Rabadan P; Martínez-Pastor F; Soler AJ; Garde JJ; Fernandez-Santos MR

2013-02-01

337

The semen quality of the mobile phone users.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. The increased use of the mobile phones , the attention of the media for the general health , and the increase of the idiopathic male infertility suggest to investigate the possible consequences of excessive use of the mobile phone on the semen quality. Aim. To evaluate the conventional and some of the main biofunctional sperm parameters in healthy men according to the different use of the mobile phone. Subjects and Methods. All the enrolled subjects in this study were divided into four groups according to their active cell phone use : group A= no use (n=10 subjects); group B= 4 h/day (n=20 subjects). Among the subjects of the group D (>4h/day) a further evaluation was made between the "trousers users"(n=12 subjects) and "shirt users"(n=8 subjects) and they underwent to semen collection to evaluate conventional and biofunctional sperm parameters (density, total count, morphology, progressive motility, apoptosis, mithocondrial membrane potential, chromatin compaction, DNA fragmentation). Results. None of the conventional sperm parameters examined were significantly altered. However the group D patients and the trousers users showed a higher percentage of sperm DNA fragmentation compared to other groups. Conclusion. These results suggest that the sperm DNA fragmentation could represent the only parameter significantly altered in the subjects who use the mobile phone for more than 4 hours for day and in particular for those who use the device in the pocket of the trousers. PMID:23722985

Rago, R; Salacone, P; Caponecchia, L; Sebastianelli, L; Marcucci, I; Calogero, A E; Condorelli, R; Vicari, E; Morgia, G; Favilla, V; Cimino, N; Arcoria, A F; La Vignera, S

2013-05-30

338

Semen quality of environmentally exposed human population: the toxicological consequence.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Human data on the relationship of semen quality with pesticide and metals are mostly inconsistent. The purpose of the study is to confirm the toxicity of organochlorine pesticide ?- and ?-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), DDE and DDD, and metals lead or cadmium on sperm motility in epidemiological study among fertile and infertile men and to determine whether in vivo and in vitro results are in the same direction. Semen analysis and estimation of the toxicants were done in 60 fertile and 150 infertile men. In the in vitro studies, sperm were exposed to the highest levels of these toxicants found in vivo, as well as five and ten times higher, and to the mixture of all compounds. The study assesses sperm viability and motility for a period ranging between 30 min and 96 h. Epidemiological data showed an inverse correlation of toxicant with sperm motility. In vitro study showed that ?-HCH and lead after 12 h, cadmium after 8 h, and coexposure to toxicants after 6 h of exposure caused significant concentration- and duration-dependent decline in sperm motility. Data of in vitro study were concurrent with epidemiological finding that might be useful in establishing the possible association between exposure and effect of these selected pollutants on sperm motility.

Pant N; Pant AB; Chaturvedi PK; Shukla M; Mathur N; Gupta YK; Saxena DK

2013-05-01

339

Age thresholds for changes in semen parameters in men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether age thresholds for elements of semen quality exist. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (covariance and point-change analysis) of results of 4,822 semen analyses and 259 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses. SETTING: Reference laboratory within an infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): A total of 5,081 men aged 16.5-72.3 years. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, sperm motility, sperm motion parameters, strict morphology, and results of FISH analysis. RESULT(S): Measured parameters of ejaculates did not change before 34 years of age. Immediately thereafter, total sperm numbers (and total motile) declined. Sperm concentration and the proportion of sperm of normal morphology declined after 40 years. Sperm motility and progressive parameters of motile sperm fell after 43 years and ejaculate volume after 45 years. The ratio of Y:X-bearing sperm in ejaculates decreased only after 55 years. CONCLUSION(S): Our findings project a declining likelihood of pregnancy following intercourse with men >34 years old, independent from the woman's age and increasing with advancing age. Age-related mechanisms associated with this oligoasthenoteratozoospermic progression are discussed.

Stone BA; Alex A; Werlin LB; Marrs RP

2013-10-01

340

Semen cryopreservation in the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective was to identify an extender and cryoprotectant combination for Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) sperm that yielded high post-thaw sperm quality. Male Indian rhinoceroses (n=6; 7.5-34 yr old) were anesthetized and subjected to a regimented electroejaculation procedure (75-100 mAmps; 4-10 volts; 7-150 stimuli; total of 10 electroejaculation procedures). High quality semen fractions from each ejaculate were divided into four aliquots and a 2 x 2 factorial design used to compare the effect of two sperm extenders (standard equine [EQ] and skim milk-egg-yolk-sugar [SMEY]), and two cryoprotectants (glycerol and dimethylsulfoxide [DMSO]). Cyropreserved samples were thawed and assessed for motility, viability and acrosome integrity over time. Electroejaculate fractions processed for cryopreservation had high sperm concentration (516 x 10(6)/mL) and motility (79%). Post-thaw sperm characteristics were higher (P<0.05) when semen was cryopreserved in EQ versus SMEY. Post-thaw motility of sperm cyropreserved in EQ averaged 50-55% compared to 22-37% in SMEY, with no significant differences in sperm characteristics of samples cyropreserved in glycerol and DMSO. In conclusion, sperm collected from Indian rhinoceroses via electroejaculation were cryopreserved using EQ extender with either glycerol or DMSO; post-thaw quality was adequate for use in assisted reproductive procedures.

Stoops MA; Atkinson MW; Blumer ES; Campbell MK; Roth TL

2010-05-01

 
 
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