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Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal en el semen equino descongelado Effect of seminal plasma addition on frozen-thawed equine semen  

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Antecedentes y objetivos: El semen criopreservado ofrece beneficios adicionales no presentes en el semen refrigerado. Sin embargo, varios factores afectan al éxito en la inseminación artificial con semen congelado de caballos. El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar si la adición de plasma seminal a diferentes concentraciones, sobre espermatozoides equinos descongelados, afecta a la motilidad espermática, viabilidad y a nivel de membrana. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron diferentes razas, cu...

Lozano Benito, D.; Gil Huerta, L.; A?lvarez San Marti?n, C.

2011-01-01

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Effects of Copper and Superoxide Dismutase Content of Seminal Plasma on Buffalo Semen Characteristics  

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To investigate the effects of copper and superoxide dismutase (SOD) content of seminal plasma on buffalo semen characteristics, 54 semen samples collected from buffalo bulls by a bovine artificial vagina were used. Semen characteristics (motility, viability, morphology, concentration and volume) were recorded. Seminal plasma was harvested by centrifugation and kept frozen until analysis. Seminal plasma copper content was determined by atomic absorption procedure and SOD was measured by ...

Eghbali, M.; Alavi-shoushtari, S. M.; Asri Rezaii, S.

2008-01-01

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Efecto del plasma seminal sobre el estado redox del semen equino criopreservado / Effect of seminal plasma on the redox state of cryopreserved stallion semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Determinar el efecto del plasma seminal sobre la generación de especies reactivas de oxígeno (ERO) y la peroxidación lipídica de semen equino criopreservado y su asociación con parámetros de calidad seminal. Materiales y métodos. El semen de cinco caballos de la raza criollo colombiano (do [...] s eyaculados cada uno), fue criopreservado mediante un protocolo de congelación rápida, empleando un diluyente leche-yema de huevo, suplementado con 0%, 10% y 20% de plasma seminal equino. En muestras de semen fresco y criopreservado se evaluó la generación de ERO y la peroxidación lipídica por espectrofluorimetría, y los parámetros de calidad seminal de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad e integridad de membrana, mediante microscopia de contraste de fase. Para el análisis estadístico se ajustaron modelos mixtos y se realizaron análisis de regresión y correlación. Resultados. Se hallaron promedios post-descongelación de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad e integridad de membrana de 37.8%±20.2, 50.6% ± 14.6 y 37.8% ± 15.5, respectivamente. Para el semen fresco y criopreservado suplementado con 0%, 10% y 20% de plasma seminal, los promedios de producción de ERO (URF) fueron de 13.34±10.7, 16.15 ± 13.5, 17.32 ± 16 y 22.98 ± 19.4, respectivamente; mostrando un incremento estadísticamente significativo (p?0.05) en la producción de ERO por efecto de la criopreservación y la suplementación con plasma seminal. Los promedios de peroxidación lipídica (nmolMDA/ml) para estos mismos tratamientos, fueron de 0.41 ± 0.25, 0.72±0.37, 0.51 ± 0.29 y 0.47±0.26, respectivamente; mostrando una reducción significativa (p?0.05) de la peroxidación lipídica del semen suplementado con 10% y 20% de plasma seminal, respecto al semen no suplementado (0%). Conclusiones. El plasma seminal reduce la peroxidación lipídica del semen equino criopreservado. Abstract in english Objective. Determine the effect of seminal plasma on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation of cryopreserved stallion semen, and its association with semen quality parameters. Materials and methods. The semen of five stallions of Colombian creole breed (two ejaculates [...] each) was cryopreserved by a rapid freezing protocol, using a milk-egg yolk extender supplemented with 0%, 10% and 20% of equine seminal plasma. The samples of fresh and cryopreserved semen were evaluated for ROS generation and lipid peroxidation by spectrofluorimetry, and semen quality parameters of progressive motility, vitality and membrane integrity using phase contrast microscopy. Mixed models were adjusted for statistical, regression, and correlation analysis. Results. Post-thaw averages of progressive motility, vitality and integrity of membrane of 37.8% ± 20.2, 50.6% ± 14.6 and 37.8 ± 15.5%, respectively were found. For fresh and cryopreserved semen supplemented with 0%, 10% and 20% of seminal plasma, the averages of ROS production (RFU) were 13.34 ± 10.7, 16.15 ± 13.5, 17.32 ± 16 and 22.98 ± 19.4, respectively; showing a statistically significant increase (p?0.05) of ROS production by effect of cryopreservation and seminal plasma supplementation. The averages of lipid peroxidation (nmolMDA / ml) for these same treatments were 0.41 ± 0.25, 0.72 ± 0.37, 0.51 ± 0.29 and 0.47 ± 0.26, respectively; showing a significant decrease (p?0.05) of lipid peroxidation of semen supplemented with 10% and 20% of seminal plasma compared to unsupplemented semen (0%). Conclusions. Seminal plasma reduces lipid peroxidation of stallion cryopreserved semen.

Edison, Pizarro L; Giovanni, Restrepo B; José, Echeverry Z; Benjamín, Rojano.

2013-12-01

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Lead level in seminal plasma may affect semen quality for men without occupational exposure to lead  

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Abstract Background Infertility affects approximately 10–15% of reproductive-age couples. Poor semen quality contributes to about 25% of infertile cases. Resulting from the direct effect on testicular function or hormonal alterations, heavy metals exposure has been related to impaired semen quality. The objective of this study was to assess the level of lead in the seminal plasma in men without occupational exposure to lead, and to determine the relationship between semen q...

Wu Hsien-Ming; Lin-Tan Dan-Tzu; Wang Mei-Li; Huang Hong-Yuan; Lee Chyi-Long; Wang Hsin-Shih; Soong Yung-Kuei; Lin Ja-Liang

2012-01-01

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Effect of Different Extenders and Washing of Seminal Plasma on Buck Semen Storage at 5 C  

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In this research, we compared the effect of three extenders for buck semen conservation; skimmed Milk (M), sodium Citrate (C) and a Tris-based diluent (T) and the washing of semen (removal of seminal plasma) on the in vitro viability of Murciano-Granadina goat spermatozoa stored at 5 C for 72 h. Motility, acrosome integrity and HOS test were evaluated to assess in vitro sperm viability. Milk diluent provided higher in vitro viability of spermatozoa than semen diluted in T...

Gomez, E. A.; Yaniz, J.; Viudes-de-castro, M. P.; Salvador, I.; Silvestre, M. A.

2007-01-01

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Relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality in a subfertile population  

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Rationale : Current knowledge on the relationship between seminal zinc levels and different parameters of human semen is inconsistent. Objectives : To assess the relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality using two markers; zinc concentration (Zn-C) and total zinc per ejaculate (Zn-T). Design : The study was carried out as a cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods : Semen parameters of 152 healthy men undergoing evaluation for subfertility were ...

Wijesinghe P

2010-01-01

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram sperm  

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Frozen-thawed ram semen crosses the cervix poorly, necessitating laparoscopic insemination. Acceptable fertility can be achieved with frozenthawed ram semen deposited at the external cervical opening if ram seminal plasma is added. Homologous seminal plasma improves the fertility of frozen-thawed sperm of boars and dogs. Heterologous seminal plasma may have effects as well; the addition of bovine seminal plasma increases the ability of buffalo sperm (Syncerus caffer) to fertilize bovine oocyt...

Mataveia, Gracinda Andre

2007-01-01

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram sperm  

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Frozen-thawed ram semen crosses the cervix poorly, necessitating laparoscopic insemination. Acceptable fertility can be achieved with frozenthawed ram semen deposited at the external cervical opening if ram seminal plasma is added. Homologous seminal plasma improves the fertility of frozen-thawed sperm of boars and dogs. Heterologous seminal plasma may have effects as well; the addition of bovine seminal plasma increases the ability of buffalo sperm (Syncerus caffer) to fertilize bo...

Mataveia, Gracinda Andre

2008-01-01

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Effect of Different Extenders and Washing of Seminal Plasma on Buck Semen Storage at 5 C  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research, we compared the effect of three extenders for buck semen conservation; skimmed Milk (M, sodium Citrate (C and a Tris-based diluent (T and the washing of semen (removal of seminal plasma on the in vitro viability of Murciano-Granadina goat spermatozoa stored at 5 C for 72 h. Motility, acrosome integrity and HOS test were evaluated to assess in vitro sperm viability. Milk diluent provided higher in vitro viability of spermatozoa than semen diluted in T during storage at 5 C. Motility in semen diluted in citrate and milk extenders was improved when semen was washed previously. In milk extender, membrane integrity (HOST was also improved with the washing of semen. In conclusion, removal of seminal plasma could be necessary for successful chilled conservation of buck semen at 5 C when M or C based diluents is used. Milk media and washing of seminal plasma appears to be a successful method to prolong the viability of Murciano-Granadina goat semen stored at 5 C. The latest results must be confirmed in field assays.

E.A. Gomez

2007-01-01

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Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal en el semen equino descongelado Effect of seminal plasma addition on frozen-thawed equine semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Antecedentes y objetivos: El semen criopreservado ofrece beneficios adicionales no presentes en el semen refrigerado. Sin embargo, varios factores afectan al éxito en la inseminación artificial con semen congelado de caballos. El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar si la adición de plasma seminal a diferentes concentraciones, sobre espermatozoides equinos descongelados, afecta a la motilidad espermática, viabilidad y a nivel de membrana. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron diferentes razas, cuatro sementales de silla, y dos sementales de tiro. En un primer experimento el semen descongelado se centrifugó, mientras en el segundo no se centrifugó. A continuación, se adicionó el plasma seminal al 10, 20, 30% suspendido en solución tampón fosfato y plasma seminal puro (100%. Resultados: En los caballos de silla el plasma seminal no afectó a los parámetros estudiados (p>0,05, pero se apreció un posible efecto tóxico del plasma seminal puro sobre las características espermáticas. En las muestras con plasma seminal de los caballos de tiro, se observaron unos índices mejores en espermatozoides vivos con acrosoma intacto que en las muestras control. Asimismo se obtuvo un porcentaje menor en espermatozoides reaccionados que en las muestras control, encontrando en esta categoría una diferencia significativa (pBackground and objectives: Stallion sperm cryopreservation offers benefits not available in cooled semen. However various factors affect the success of artificial insemination with frozen-thawed equine semen. This study aims to evaluate if adding different concentrations of seminal plasma on frozen-thawed equine spermatozoa affects sperm motility, viability and membrane status. Material and Methods: Different breeds were used; four saddle stallions and two draft stallions. In the first experiment thawed semen was centrifuged and in the second one it was not. Subsequent to that, the spermatozoa resuspended with 10, 20, 30% seminal plasma in phosphate buffered saline and pure seminal plasma (100%. Results: semen parameters of saddle stallions were not affected (p>0,05, but a possible toxic effect of pure seminal plasma was observed on sperm characteristics. Seminal plasma samples in draft breed got better rates in viable sperm with intact acrosome. A lower percentage was also found on spermatozoa with acrosome reaction than in control samples. This category showed signif icant differences (p<0,05. Conclusions: Post-thawing spermatozoa incubation with seminal plasma can stop acrosome reaction, due to the low percentage of spermatozoa suffering true acrosome reaction.

D. Lozano Benito

2011-09-01

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Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal en el semen equino descongelado / Effect of seminal plasma addition on frozen-thawed equine semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes y objetivos: El semen criopreservado ofrece beneficios adicionales no presentes en el semen refrigerado. Sin embargo, varios factores afectan al éxito en la inseminación artificial con semen congelado de caballos. El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar si la adición de plasma seminal a dife [...] rentes concentraciones, sobre espermatozoides equinos descongelados, afecta a la motilidad espermática, viabilidad y a nivel de membrana. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron diferentes razas, cuatro sementales de silla, y dos sementales de tiro. En un primer experimento el semen descongelado se centrifugó, mientras en el segundo no se centrifugó. A continuación, se adicionó el plasma seminal al 10, 20, 30% suspendido en solución tampón fosfato y plasma seminal puro (100%). Resultados: En los caballos de silla el plasma seminal no afectó a los parámetros estudiados (p>0,05), pero se apreció un posible efecto tóxico del plasma seminal puro sobre las características espermáticas. En las muestras con plasma seminal de los caballos de tiro, se observaron unos índices mejores en espermatozoides vivos con acrosoma intacto que en las muestras control. Asimismo se obtuvo un porcentaje menor en espermatozoides reaccionados que en las muestras control, encontrando en esta categoría una diferencia significativa (p Abstract in english Background and objectives: Stallion sperm cryopreservation offers benefits not available in cooled semen. However various factors affect the success of artificial insemination with frozen-thawed equine semen. This study aims to evaluate if adding different concentrations of seminal plasma on frozen- [...] thawed equine spermatozoa affects sperm motility, viability and membrane status. Material and Methods: Different breeds were used; four saddle stallions and two draft stallions. In the first experiment thawed semen was centrifuged and in the second one it was not. Subsequent to that, the spermatozoa resuspended with 10, 20, 30% seminal plasma in phosphate buffered saline and pure seminal plasma (100%). Results: semen parameters of saddle stallions were not affected (p>0,05), but a possible toxic effect of pure seminal plasma was observed on sperm characteristics. Seminal plasma samples in draft breed got better rates in viable sperm with intact acrosome. A lower percentage was also found on spermatozoa with acrosome reaction than in control samples. This category showed signif icant differences (p

D., Lozano Benito; L., Gil Huerta; C., Álvarez San Martín.

2011-09-01

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Lead level in seminal plasma may affect semen quality for men without occupational exposure to lead  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Infertility affects approximately 10–15% of reproductive-age couples. Poor semen quality contributes to about 25% of infertile cases. Resulting from the direct effect on testicular function or hormonal alterations, heavy metals exposure has been related to impaired semen quality. The objective of this study was to assess the level of lead in the seminal plasma in men without occupational exposure to lead, and to determine the relationship between semen quality and lead concentration in the semen. Methods This is a prospective and nonrandomized clinical study conducted in University infertility clinic and academic research laboratory. Three hundred and forty-one male partners of infertile couples undergoing infertility evaluation and management were recruited to the study. Semen samples collected for the analyses of semen quality were also used for the measurement of lead concentrations. Semen samples were evaluated according to the WHO standards. Results All subjects were married and from infertile couples without occupational exposure to lead. There is a significant inverse correlation between the lead concentration in seminal plasma and sperm count. A higher semen lead concentration was correlated with lower sperm count, but not with semen volume, sperm motility or sperm morphology as assessed by simple linear regression. Conclusions We found that semen lead concentration was significantly higher among the patients with lower sperm count. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that a high level of lead accumulation in semen may reduce the sperm count contributing to infertility of men without occupational exposure to lead.

Wu Hsien-Ming

2012-11-01

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Study on the relationship between the trace protein contents in semen plasma and male fertility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the relationship between the trace protein contents in semen plasma and male fertility. Methods: The semen plasma concentrations of albumin (Alb), ?2-microglobulin (?2-m), ?2-microglobulin (?2-m), TH glycoprotein (THP), immunoglobulin G (IgG), secreting-type immunoglobulin A (SIgA), and ferritin (Fer) were determined with RIA in 22 fertile and 125 sterile males. Results: With the exception of ferritin, the semen plasma contents of all these trace proteins in the sterile individuals were lower than those in the fertile ones and there were significant differences (p2-m, Alb and Fer were positively correlated to the sperm counts. Contents of SIgA and IgG could reflect the local immune status of the genital tract. Determination of the contents of these trace proteins in semen plasma would be helpful in the evaluation and management of male infertility

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Semen quality and concentration of soluble proteins in the seminal plasma of Alpine bucks Semen quality and concentration of soluble proteins in the seminal plasma of Alpine bucks  

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Full Text Available It was aimed to study the in vitro seminal quality analyzed by complementary tests and to compare them with physical, morphological and biochemical aspects of male goat semen of the Alpine breed. This experiment took place at the Federal University of Viçosa, situated at 20º45’ S latitude and 42º51’ W longitude, Southwest of Brazil. It was done during the summer months of January and February, and three adult male goats of the Alpine breed were used in intensive conditions. The semen was collected by artificial vagina method. In all semen samples (45 ejaculates, after the physical and morphological analysis, the hiposmotic test was done. In 24 ejaculates, it were done thermo-resistance test, and in 21 ejaculates it were determined the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma. The male goats presented difference in the semen physical and morphological aspects, in the hiposmotic test and thermo-resistance test, but they did not presented difference in total soluble proteins concentration in seminal plasma. Results of the slow thermo-resistance test and hiposmotic test were positively correlated (r = 0.60. It was concluded, according to our results, that the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma can not be used as a parameter to predict the seminal quality of Alpine bucks.It was aimed to study the in vitro seminal quality analyzed by complementary tests and to compare them with physical, morphological and biochemical aspects of male goat semen of the Alpine breed. This experiment took place at the Federal University of Viçosa, situated at 20º45’ S latitude and 42º51’ W longitude, Southwest of Brazil. It was done during the summer months of January and February, and three adult male goats of the Alpine breed were used in intensive conditions. The semen was collected by artificial vagina method. In all semen samples (45 ejaculates, after the physical and morphological analysis, the hiposmotic test was done. In 24 ejaculates, it were done thermo-resistance test, and in 21 ejaculates it were determined the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma. The male goats presented difference in the semen physical and morphological aspects, in the hiposmotic test and thermo-resistance test, but they did not presented difference in total soluble proteins concentration in seminal plasma. Results of the slow thermo-resistance test and hiposmotic test were positively correlated (r = 0.60. It was concluded, according to our results, that the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma can not be used as a parameter to predict the seminal quality of Alpine bucks.

Simone Eliza Facione Guimarães

2010-06-01

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Efecto del plasma seminal sobre el estado redox del semen equino criopreservado  

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Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar el efecto del plasma seminal sobre la generación de especies reactivas de oxígeno (ERO y la peroxidación lipídica de semen equino criopreservado y su asociación con parámetros de calidad seminal. Materiales y métodos. El semen de cinco caballos de la raza criollo colombiano (dos eyaculados cada uno, fue criopreservado mediante un protocolo de congelación rápida, empleando un diluyente leche-yema de huevo, suplementado con 0%, 10% y 20% de plasma seminal equino. En muestras de semen fresco y criopreservado se evaluó la generación de ERO y la peroxidación lipídica por espectrofluorimetría, y los parámetros de calidad seminal de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad e integridad de membrana, mediante microscopia de contraste de fase. Para el análisis estadístico se ajustaron modelos mixtos y se realizaron análisis de regresión y correlación. Resultados. Se hallaron promedios post-descongelación de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad e integridad de membrana de 37.8%±20.2, 50.6% ± 14.6 y 37.8% ± 15.5, respectivamente. Para el semen fresco y criopreservado suplementado con 0%, 10% y 20% de plasma seminal, los promedios de producción de ERO (URF fueron de 13.34±10.7, 16.15 ± 13.5, 17.32 ± 16 y 22.98 ± 19.4, respectivamente; mostrando un incremento estadísticamente significativo (p?0.05 en la producción de ERO por efecto de la criopreservación y la suplementación con plasma seminal. Los promedios de peroxidación lipídica (nmolMDA/ml para estos mismos tratamientos, fueron de 0.41 ± 0.25, 0.72±0.37, 0.51 ± 0.29 y 0.47±0.26, respectivamente; mostrando una reducción significativa (p?0.05 de la peroxidación lipídica del semen suplementado con 10% y 20% de plasma seminal, respecto al semen no suplementado (0%. Conclusiones. El plasma seminal reduce la peroxidación lipídica del semen equino criopreservado.

Edison Pizarro L.

2013-10-01

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Relationship of zinc concentrations in blood and seminal plasma with various semen parameters in infertile subjects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To find out relationship of zinc concentrations in blood and seminal plasma with various semen parameters between fertile and infertile men. (JPMC), Karachi and Department of Biochemistry. Basic Medical Sciences Institute, JPMC, Karachi. Fifty eight primary infertile male subjects, without any treatment, who had regular unprotected intercourse for at least 12 months without conception with their partners, aged 20-40 years, were selected from Infertility Clinic Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi. After semen analyses they were grouped as, oligospermic (30), and azoospermic (28). Twenty five known fertile male selected from general population and after semen analysis were taken as normospermic control group. Semen analyzed according to WHO criteria. Serum and seminal plasma zinc were estimated by 5Br. PAPS Colorimetric method. This study showed significant difference in serum and seminal zinc levels in normospermic, oligospermic (p<0.05) and azoospermic (p<0.005). Seminal plasma zinc showed a positive correlation with sperm count and negative with sperm motility in normospermic and oligospermic and negative correlation with volume, pH, WBC concentration in all three groups. There was no correlation found with sperm morphology. On the basis of the findings of this study and those of other reports, zinc may contribute to fertility through its significant effects on various semen parameters. It seems that the estimation of seminal plasma zinc may help in investiga seminal plasma zinc may help in investigation and treatment of infertile males. (author)

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Effect of holding of semen and washing of seminal plasma on quality and fertility of Hampshire boar semen preserved at liquid state.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was aimed to reveal the effect on keeping quality of boar semen on holding or not holding at an elevated temperature than that used for preservation when combined with washing or not washing of seminal plasma. Twenty ejaculates, four from each of five Hampshire boars were used to hold for 0 and 4h in GEPS extender at 22°C and subsequently washed (1500×g for 10min) of seminal plasma or left unwashed and preserved at 15°C for 72h after extending with the same extender. The seminal parameters in terms of sperm motility, live spermatozoa, and live spermatozoa with intact acrosome (LIA) were evaluated at 0h-(immediately after extension) and thereafter at 24h intervals. The mean percentage of sperm motility was significantly (Pwashed semen at both 0h and 4h of holding irrespective of preservation period. It was significantly (Pwashing and significantly (Pwashed than in unwashed semen irrespective of holding during preservation. Irrespective of preservation period the mean percentage of live spermatozoa was significantly (Pholding in both unwashed and washed semen and was significantly (Pwashed semen at both 0h and 4h of holding. It was significantly (Pwashing and was significantly (Pwashed than in unwashed semen irrespective of holding during preservation. The mean percentage of LIA was significantly (Pholding in both unwashed and washed semen and was significantly (Pwashed semen at both 0h and 4h of holding irrespective of preservation period. It was significantly (Pwashing and was significantly (Pwashed than unwashed semen irrespective of holding during preservation. The mean percentage of sperm motility, live spermatozoa and LIA decreased significantly (Pholding irrespective of washing and in unwashed and washed semen irrespective of holding with increase in preservation period. Among all the treatments unwashed semen held for 4h yielded superior sperm quality on preservation. A total of 32 female pigs were inseminated using preserved semen obtained with the best processing technique found in the study. The conception rate, farrowing rate and litter size at birth were recorded to be 81.25%, 78.13% and 7.96 respectively as compared to 73.38%, 67.57% and 6.68 respectively in the control group. It could be concluded that unwashed Hampshire boar semen held for 4h, extended with GEPS and preserved at 15°C for 72h was conducive to obtain optimum fertility and fecundity in females when used for artificial insemination. PMID:24559728

Chutia, T; Biswas, R K; Tamuli, M K; Deka, B C; Sinha, S; Goswami, J; Banik, S; Kayastha, R B

2014-03-01

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Seminal plasma damages sperm during cryopreservation, but its presence during thawing improves semen quality and conception rates in boars with poor post-thaw semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

To determine the effects of seminal plasma during and after cyopreservation on post-thaw sperm functions in semen from poor freezability boars, seminal plasma was removed immediately after collection, and sperm was subjected to cooling and freezing. Removal of seminal plasma did not significantly affect post-thaw sperm motility in good freezability boars; however, in boars with poor freezability, it increased post-thaw motility relative to control sperm cooled with seminal plasma (64.5+/-3.4% vs. 30.9+/-3.1%, Pthawed sperm relative to controls; the addition of 10% (v/v) seminal plasma to the thawing solution significantly suppressed both changes and increased conception rate to AI (70% vs. 9% in the control group, Pthawing method increased the success of AI with frozen-thawed porcine semen, particularly from boars with poor post-thaw semen quality. PMID:18829093

Okazaki, T; Abe, S; Yoshida, S; Shimada, M

2009-02-01

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Zinc and iron concentration and SOD activity in human semen and seminal plasma.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to measure zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) concentration in human semen and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in seminal plasma and correlate the results with sperm quality. Semen samples were obtained from men (N = 168) undergoing routine infertility evaluation. The study design included two groups based on the ejaculate parameters. Group I (n = 39) consisted of males with normal ejaculate (normozoospermia), and group II (n = 129) consisted of males with pathological spermiogram. Seminal Zn and Fe were measured in 162 samples (group I, n = 38; group II, n = 124) and SOD activity in 149 samples (group I, n = 37; group II, n = 112). Correlations were found between SOD activity and Fe and Zn concentration, and between Fe and Zn concentration. SOD activity was negatively associated with volume of semen and positively associated with rapid progressive motility, nonprogressive motility, and concentration. Negative correlation was stated between Fe concentration and normal morphology. Mean SOD activity in seminal plasma of semen from men of group I was higher than in seminal plasma of semen from men of group II. Fe concentration was higher in teratozoospermic males than in males with normal morphology of spermatozoa in group II. Our results suggest that Fe may influence spermatozoa morphology. PMID:20924714

Marzec-Wróblewska, Urszula; Kami?ski, Piotr; Lakota, Pawe?; Szyma?ski, Marek; Wasilow, Karolina; Ludwikowski, Grzegorz; Kuligowska-Prusi?ska, Magdalena; Odrow??-Sypniewska, Gra?yna; Stuczy?ski, Tomasz; Micha?kiewicz, Jacek

2011-10-01

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Primary study on the clinical significance of measurement of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and NPY concentrations in human semen plasma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the difference between the semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY in fertile and non-fertile males with the relevant sperm count and motility. Methods: Semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY were determined with RIA in 110 non-fertile males. Simultaneous semen analysis revealed (1) Group A, n=45, with normal sperm count, (2) Group B, n=34 low sperm count (0-20) x 106/ml and (3) Group C n=31, with aspermia. White blood cell/HPF was examined in all the semen specimens and sperm motile rate and motility were examined in Group A specimens. Results: The semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY in non-fertile males were significantly higher than those in fertile males (P 1 x 106/ml) were significantly lower than those in specimens with more white blood cells (P<0.05). Conclusion: Higher semen plasma contents of EGF and NPY might exert toxic effect on the sperms, contributing to the development of infertility. (authors)

 
 
 
 
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The relationship between seminal plasma aspartate aminotransferase activity, sperm osmotic resistance test value, and semen quality in boars  

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The relationship between the activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT) in seminal plasma and the values of the osmotic resistance test (ORT) of acrosomal membranes and semen traits was examined on 120 young hybrid Pietrain and Duroc boars. The following semen quality traits were determined: the volume of the ejaculate, the percentage of spermatozoa with progressive motility, sperm concentration and the total number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate, perc...

Jacyno Eugenia; Kawecka Maria; Kolodziej-Skalska Anita; Pietruszka A.; Matysiak Beata; Napierala Dorota

2013-01-01

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Relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality in a subfertile population  

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Full Text Available Rationale : Current knowledge on the relationship between seminal zinc levels and different parameters of human semen is inconsistent. Objectives : To assess the relationship between seminal plasma zinc and semen quality using two markers; zinc concentration (Zn-C and total zinc per ejaculate (Zn-T. Design : The study was carried out as a cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods : Semen parameters of 152 healthy men undergoing evaluation for subfertility were assessed. Seminal plasma zinc levels were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Zn-C, expressed as ?g/mL, was multiplied by ejaculated volume to calculate Zn-T. Mann Whitney U test and Chi-square test were used to compare the zinc levels between different seminal groups when appropriate. Correlations were observed with Pearson?s correlation of coefficient. Analysis was carried out using SPSS 10.0 for windows software. Results : Zn-C was low in 23 (15% samples, while in 32 (21% of the samples Zn-T was abnormal. The number of subnormal samples was high in the low-zinc groups compared with the normal-zinc groups, 15 vs. 8 (P > 0.05 for Zn-C and 28 vs. 4 (P < 0.001 for Zn-T. Zn-C was significantly high in the asthenozoospermics compared with the normal motile group; 138.11 ?g/mL (83.92 vs. 110.69 11 ?g/mL (54.59 (P < 0.05. Zn-T was significantly low in samples with hyperviscosity compared with samples with normal viscosity; 220.06 ?g (144.09 vs. 336.34 ?g (236.33 (P < 0.05. Conversely, Zn-T was high in samples with low viability compared with those with normal viability; 437.67 ?g (283.88 vs. 305.15 ?g (221.19 (P < 0.05. Weak correlations were found between Zn and some semen parameters. However, the correlation was negative between pH and Zn-C (r = -0.193, P < 0.05 as well as Zn-T (r = -0.280, P < 0.01. On the other hand, correlations were positive between Zn-T and sperm count (r = 0.211, P < 0.05. Conclusion : Count, motility, viability, pH and viscosity are affected by variations of seminal plasma zinc. Seminal plasma Zn-T is the better marker for assessing the relationship between zinc and semen quality.

Dissanayake DMAB

2010-01-01

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Effects of the Seminal Plasma Zinc Content and Catalase Activity on the Semen Quality of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Bulls  

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In order to determine zinc and catalase content of seminal plasma in the buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls; semen volume and sperm concentration, gross and progressive motility and viability were evaluated, seminal plasma was then harvested by centrifugation and its zinc content was estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometer and its catalase activity determined by using a commercial kit. Th...

Alavi-shoushtari, S. M.; Asri Rezai, S.; Kh Ansari, M. H.; Khaki, A.

2009-01-01

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Fertilidad en ovejas de pelo inseminadas con semen congelado rediluido con plasma seminal / Fertility in hair sheep inseminated with freeze spermatozoa rediluited with seminal plasma  

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Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la viabilidad espermática del semen congelado rediluido con plasma seminal a través de la fertilidad de 146 ovejas de pelo, inseminadas vía cervical e intrauterina. La fertilidad se midió en dos tiempos; retorno a celo a los 17 días postinseminación y [...] diagnóstico de gestación por ultrasonografia a los 45 días postinseminación. Los datos de fertilidad se analizaron mediante el test de Ji-cuadrado. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la adición del plasma seminal en el semen fresco no mejora la fertilidad (P>0,05) obtenida vía cervical e intrauterina, por el contrario, el semen congelado rediluido con plasma seminal, tanto en su aplicación cervical como intrauterina, mejora (P Abstract in english The objective of this study was to determine the spermatozoa viability of the frozen semen rediluted with seminal plasma through the fertility of 146 hair sheep inseminated cervical and intrauterine way. The fertility was measured in two times; return to estrus to the 17 days postinsemination and pr [...] egnancy diagnostic by ultrasound scanning to the 45 days postinsemination. The data of fertility were analyzed by means of the Chi-Square test. The obtained results showed that the addition of the seminal plasma in the semen fresh does not improve the fertility (P>0.05) obtained cervical and intrauterine way, on the contrary, the semen frozen rediluted with seminal plasma, so much in its cervical application as intrauterine, improvement (P

Alvaro, Domínguez Rebolledo; Luis, Navarrete Sierra; Alvar, Cruz Tamayo; Alfonso, Aguiar Loria; Sergio, Erosa Denis; Raúl, Bolio Oses; Eugenia, González Parra; Lorenzo, Paredes Monsreal; Julio, Ramón Ugalde.

2007-02-01

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Effects of Zingiber officinale Aqueous Extract on Semen Characteristic and Some Blood Plasma, Semen Plasma Parameters in the Broilers Breeder Male  

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Full Text Available To investigate the effects of Zingiber Officinale on male reproductive functions and study the mechanisms underlying these effects, aqueous extract of Zingiber officinale were administered in drinking water to two groups of male broilers breeder (24wk age at 5% and 10%. A third group served as control and received the treatment vehicle, distilled water. Treatment lasted for 28, 32, 36, 40 and 44 wk age. Ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, counts, movements, motility and abnormality, semen plasma cholesterol, protein and glucose, the antioxidant malonhydialdehyde, glutathione and blood serum LH, FSH and testosterone, were determined. The treatment caused a significant increase (pZingiber officinale possesses pro-fertility properties in male broiler which might be a product of both its potent antioxidant properties and androgenic activities.

M.M. Marbut

2011-01-01

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Clinical significance of determination of semen plasma IL-2, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-? contents in infertile males  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the influence of high semen plasma contents of the cytokines (IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-?) on male fertility. Methods: Semen plasma levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-? were determined with RIA in 126 infertile and 20 fertile males. Results: Semen plasma contents of the 4 cytokines in infertile subjects were significantly higher than those in fertile ones (p4/HP, n=15) had significantly higher contents of cytokines than those without leucocytospermia (WBC<4/HP, n=111). Besides, TNF-? contents in subjects with lower sperm activity and less motility rate as well as IL-8 contents in subjects with less sperm motility rate were both significantly higher than those in subjects with more normal sperms (p<0.01, p<0.05). Conclusion: High semen plasma cytokines contents represent existing local infection and enhanced auto-immune status, both damaging to sperms. Infertility would be the inevitable consequence. Monitoring of changes of the cytokine contents should be a part of fertility studies

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Seminal plasma proteins: functions and interaction with protective agents during semen preservation.  

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Seminal plasma contains factors that are beneficial and/or detrimental to sperm function and/or storage. However, the nature and characteristics of these factors are not well understood. The major protein fraction (50-70%) of bovine seminal plasma is represented by a family of phospholipid-binding proteins collectively called BSP proteins. The BSP protein signature is characterised by two tandemly repeated fibronectin type 2 (Fn2) domains. It is now well established that BSP proteins and their relatives represent a new emerging superfamily of proteins in mammals. They bind to sperm membrane choline phospholipids at ejaculation. They also bind to capacitation factors, namely, high-density lipoproteins and glycosaminoglycans and promote sperm capacitation induced by these molecules, indicating their beneficial role in sperm function and fertility. In contrast, BSP proteins also induce changes in the sperm plasma membrane by stimulating cholesterol and phospholipid efflux. Thus, the continuous exposure of sperm to seminal plasma that contains BSP proteins is detrimental to the sperm membrane, which may render the membrane very sensitive to sperm storage in the liquid or frozen states. Interestingly, BSP proteins specifically bind low-density lipoproteins present in egg yolk, a compound commonly used in semen extenders. This interaction appears to abolish the detrimental effect of BSP proteins on the sperm membrane. Therefore, BSP proteins in seminal plasma act like a double-edged sword, being both beneficial and detrimental to sperm. PMID:17644964

Manjunath, Puttaswamy; Bergeron, Annick; Lefebvre, Jasmine; Fan, Jinjiang

2007-01-01

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Influence of dietary zinc on semen traits and seminal plasma antioxidant enzymes and trace minerals of beetal bucks.  

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Zinc (Zn) is a potent antioxidant and plays a key role in scavenging free radicals. We hypothesized that supplementation of Zn would reduce the oxidative damage, which is linked with poor sperm quality. Sixteen bucks of similar average age (2 years) and body weight (41 kg) were randomly divided into four groups viz., 1, 2, 3 and 4 supplemented with zinc sulphate into the diet at the rate of 0, 50, 100 and 200 mg/buck/day, respectively, for 3 months. At the end of the experiment, semen samples were collected and assessed. Seminal plasma was separated to find the concentration of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and trace minerals (Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe). The results revealed that semen volume (1.85 ± 0.01 ml) and sperm motility (88.23 ± 5.77%) increased significantly (p seminal plasma trace elements, no significant change (p > 0.05) was observed. From the present results, we concluded that zinc sulphate at the rate of 100 mg/buck/day improved semen traits and seminal plasma antioxidant capacity in Beetal bucks. PMID:25263460

Rahman, Hu; Qureshi, Ms; Khan, Ru

2014-12-01

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[A.I. in pigs: influence of boar seminal plasma on breeding efficiency of diluted boar semen (author's transl)].  

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Ejaculates from six boars of Danish Landrace were divided into four parts, I, II, III and IV which were treated in the following way: I was diluted 1:4-1:6 with EDTA-diluter, and filled into glass vials (single doses). II was centrifugated at 1800-2000 r.p.m. in 12-15 min.; the centifugate was resuspended in the supernatant and diluted as indicated under I. III and IV were centrifugated at 1800-2000 r.p.m. in 12-15 min. The supernatant was removed by aspiration and the centrifugate diluted with as much EDTA-diluter necessary to produce the same no, of doses of 10 ml as was produced from I and II respectively. The diluted semen was stored at 18-20 degrees C and used on the day of collection. Just before insemination the semen from I, II and III was diluted with IVT-diluter to a final volume of 75 ml. Semen from IV was diluted to the same volume with IVT-diluter with the addition of 50% boar seminal plasma, procured by centrifugation of ejaculates from other boars of the A.I. Centre, and stored at divided by 20 degrees C until use. The results have been set out in Table I. Inseminations with semen from I and II resulted in pregnancy rates of 84,6% and 86,3% and average litter sizes of 10,3 and 10,1 for sows and 9,1 and 9,6 for gilts; inseminations with semen from III and IV resulted in pregnancy rates of 78,9 and 78,2% and average litter sizes of 10,5 and 10,7 for sows and 10,0 and 8,7 for gilts. None of the differences in pregnancy rates between groups were significant. The findings were: 1. By insemination with initially diluted semen without seminal plasma a tendency to a decline in pregnancy rates could be demonstrated. 2. The decline persisted after the addition of 50% boar seminal plasma to the diluter used for the final dilution just before insemination. PMID:945555

Meding, J H

1976-01-01

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Effects of the Seminal Plasma Iron and Lead Content on Semen Quality of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis Bulls  

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Full Text Available In order to determine iron and lead content of seminal plasma in water buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls. The semen characteristics were evaluated; its iron and lead content were estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The iron and lead content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM was recorded as 40.68 ± 0.75 mg L-1 and 0.026 ± 0.008 mg L-1, respectively. The mean iron value was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability, negatively with lead content, and had a negative association with semen volume. The mean lead value was highly negatively associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility, viability and positively associated with sperm abnormal morphology.For further clarification of these associations, the results were categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, > 90 % motile, n = 33, good (Go, 80-89 % motile, n = 15 and moderate (Mo, < 79 % motile, n = 6 according to their percentage of sperm motility. The mean progressive motility in Ex, Go and Mo group was 92.24 ± 0.51 %, 81.66 ± 0.62 %, and 71.66 ± 1.05 % respectively. The mean iron and lead values and their associations with other parameters in these groups are discussed.The results show that seminal plasma iron content is associated with the motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation, but its lead content has an adverse effect on these parameters.

Mohammad-Hassan Khadem Ansari

2010-12-01

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The relationship between seminal plasma aspartate aminotransferase activity, sperm osmotic resistance test value, and semen quality in boars  

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Full Text Available The relationship between the activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT in seminal plasma and the values of the osmotic resistance test (ORT of acrosomal membranes and semen traits was examined on 120 young hybrid Pietrain and Duroc boars. The following semen quality traits were determined: the volume of the ejaculate, the percentage of spermatozoa with progressive motility, sperm concentration and the total number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate, percentage of spermatozoa with normal acrosome, the percentage of spermatozoa with major and minor morphological defects, ORT, and the activity of AspAT in seminal plasma. The activity of AspAT in seminal plasma was negatively correlated (p_0.01 with the spermatozoa concentration and total number per ejaculate, percentage of spermatozoa with progressive motility and percentage of spermatozoa with a normal acrosome, while positively with the percentage of spermatozoa with major (p?0.001 and minor (p?0.01 morphological defects. The ORT values negatively correlated with the percentage of spermatozoa with major (p?0.05 and minor (p?0.01 morphological defects, while positively (p?0.001 with the percentage of spermatozoa with a normal acrosome.

Jacyno Eugenia

2013-01-01

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Effects of boars' seminal plasma as an additive to semen diluents on sperm motility in vitro and mating ability in vivo, while paying particular attention to boars´ characteristics  

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The aim of this dissertation is to present further information on the effects of boars' seminal plasma on sperm motility and female genitals, while paying particular attention to the boars' characteristics. On this occasion the seminal plasma was tested with regard to practical applicability as an additive to boar semen diluents in liquid form. The first series of tests served to analyse the effect of seminal plasma exchange among ejaculates of two boars on the sperm motility in...

Ottensmeier, Anke

2010-01-01

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Proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos relacionadas com o índice pluviométrico e a qualidade do sêmen Proteins of goat seminal plasma related with precipitation index and semen quality  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos da raça Alpina Americana criados na região Nordeste do Brasil que estão relacionadas ao índice pluviométrico e à qualidade do sêmen. O sêmen foi obtido pelo método de vagina artificial a partir de três reprodutores e foi avaliado quanto aos parâmetros macroscópicos e microscópicos. O perfil de proteínas do plasma seminal foi realizado por eletroforese bidimensional. Os parâmetros volume do sêmen, integridade do acrossoma e proteínas totais evidenciaram diferença significativa (PThe aim of this study was to identify proteins in seminal plasma of goats raised in the Northeast of Brazil related with precipitation index and semen quality. Semen was obtained from three bucks and evaluated to the microscopic and macroscopic parameters. The profile of seminal plasma proteins was performed by analysis of two-dimensional electrophoresis. Volume, acrosome integrity and total proteins had significant difference (P<0.05 between the periods of high (1.7mL, 90.3% and 372g mL-1, respectively and low (1.2mL, 80.3% and 494µg mL-1, respectively precipitation index. It was detected during high and low precipitation index, 47 and 49 spots of proteins with molecular weight of 4 to 106kDa and 15 to 97kDa, and isoelectric point of 3.00 to 8.96, and 4.48 to 9.83, respectively. Only in the period of high precipitation index were observed groups of proteins with 13kDa and 45kDa. It can be concluded that semen of Alpine American goats raised in the Northeast of Brazil has best quality when obtained in the period of high precipitation index, which can be attributed to the presence of protein with 13kDa and 45kDa.

Andreia Fernandes de Souza

2009-07-01

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Proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos relacionadas com o índice pluviométrico e a qualidade do sêmen / Proteins of goat seminal plasma related with precipitation index and semen quality  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos da raça Alpina Americana criados na região Nordeste do Brasil que estão relacionadas ao índice pluviométrico e à qualidade do sêmen. O sêmen foi obtido pelo método de vagina artificial a partir de três reprodutores e [...] foi avaliado quanto aos parâmetros macroscópicos e microscópicos. O perfil de proteínas do plasma seminal foi realizado por eletroforese bidimensional. Os parâmetros volume do sêmen, integridade do acrossoma e proteínas totais evidenciaram diferença significativa (P Abstract in english The aim of this study was to identify proteins in seminal plasma of goats raised in the Northeast of Brazil related with precipitation index and semen quality. Semen was obtained from three bucks and evaluated to the microscopic and macroscopic parameters. The profile of seminal plasma proteins was [...] performed by analysis of two-dimensional electrophoresis. Volume, acrosome integrity and total proteins had significant difference (P

Andreia Fernandes de, Souza; Maria da Conceição Gomes, Leitão; André Mariano, Batista; Ana Lúcia Figueiredo, Porto; José Luiz de, Lima Filho; Maria Madalena Pessoa, Guerra.

1155-11-01

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Proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos relacionadas com o índice pluviométrico e a qualidade do sêmen / Proteins of goat seminal plasma related with precipitation index and semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos da raça Alpina Americana criados na região Nordeste do Brasil que estão relacionadas ao índice pluviométrico e à qualidade do sêmen. O sêmen foi obtido pelo método de vagina artificial a partir de três reprodutores e [...] foi avaliado quanto aos parâmetros macroscópicos e microscópicos. O perfil de proteínas do plasma seminal foi realizado por eletroforese bidimensional. Os parâmetros volume do sêmen, integridade do acrossoma e proteínas totais evidenciaram diferença significativa (P Abstract in english The aim of this study was to identify proteins in seminal plasma of goats raised in the Northeast of Brazil related with precipitation index and semen quality. Semen was obtained from three bucks and evaluated to the microscopic and macroscopic parameters. The profile of seminal plasma proteins was [...] performed by analysis of two-dimensional electrophoresis. Volume, acrosome integrity and total proteins had significant difference (P

Andreia Fernandes de, Souza; Maria da Conceição Gomes, Leitão; André Mariano, Batista; Ana Lúcia Figueiredo, Porto; José Luiz de, Lima Filho; Maria Madalena Pessoa, Guerra.

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Effects of vitamins, probiotics, and protein level on semen traits and some seminal plasma macro- and microminerals of male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of vitamin E, vitamin C, probiotics, dietary protein level, and their combination on semen traits and seminal plasma macro- and microminerals in 65-week-old male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting. One hundred eighty birds were induced to molt by mixing zinc oxide (3,000 mg/kg) in the diet. The birds were divided into six groups (five replicates) by completely randomized design. One group was kept as control (16% CP), while the other five were supplemented with vitamin E (100 IU/kg feed), vitamin C (500 IU/kg feed) probiotics (50 mg/L), protein level (14% CP), and their combination. Semen samples were weekly collected for determination of semen volume, sperm concentration, motility, and dead sperm percentage. Analyses of Na, K, Ca and Mg, Zn, Fe, Mn, and Cu in seminal plasma were also performed. Overall, mean semen volume was significantly high in vitamin E and C supplemented groups compared to control. Overall mean sperm motility was significantly higher in vitamin E supplemented group, whereas dead sperm percentage was significantly lower in the vitamin C group compared to control. Mineral analyses revealed that overall mean seminal plasma Mg increased significantly in vitamin E and C supplemented groups compared to control. Similarly, significantly high overall mean seminal plasma Cu concentration was observed in vitamins E and C and combination groups. It can be concluded that vitamins have a vital role in improving semen quality and bioavailability of Mg and Cu in seminal plasma of the post-molt cockerels. PMID:22318702

Khan, Rifat Ullah; Zia-Ur-Rahman; Javed, Ijaz; Muhammad, Faqir

2012-07-01

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Calcium, Magnesium and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC in Seminal Plasma of Water Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis Bulls and their Relationships with Semen Characteristics  

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Full Text Available In order to determine calcium (Ca, magnesium (Mg content and total antioxidant capacity (TAC of seminal plasma in buffalo and to study their associations with the semen characteristics, 54 semen samples were collected from 10 buffalo bulls; semen quality was evaluated, seminal plasma was then harvested by centrifugation and its Ca and Mg content were estimated and its TAC determined. The Ca and Mg content of the seminal plasma (Mean ± SEM were recorded as 22.36 ± 0.52 mg dl-1 and 11.94 ± 0.36 mg dl-1 respectively, while, its mean TAC value was 1.50 ± 0.02 mmol L-1. The mean Ca value was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility, viability (P = 0.000 for all, negatively with semen volume (P = 0.01, and with Mg and TAC values (P = 0.000 for both. The mean Mg values was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability and seminal plasma Ca and TAC (P = 0.000 for all and negatively associated with semen volume (P = 0.014. The mean TAC values was highly associated with sperm progressive motility, gross motility and viability and seminal plasma Ca and Mg (P = 0.000 for all. For further clarification of these associations, the data was categorized in three groups of excellent (Ex, >90% motile, n = 33, good (Go, 80-89% motile, n = 15 and moderate (Mo, <79% motile, n = 6 according to their percentage of sperm motility. The mean progressive motility in Ex group was 92.24 ± 0.51%, in Go group it was 81.66 ± 0.62 %, and in Mo group it was 71.66 ± 1.05 %. The mean Ca, Mg and TAC values were respectively recorded as 25.12 ± 0.29 mg dl-1, 13.78 ± 0.20 mg dl-1, and 1.57 ± 0.009 mmol L-1 in Ex, 18.74 ± 0.63 mg dl-1, 9.14 ± 0.33mg dl-1, and 1.42 ± 0.044 mmol L-1 in Go, and 17.34 ± 0.18 mg dl-1, 8.06 ± 0.25 mg dl-1, and 1.23± 0.05 mmol L-1 in Mo groups. The associations in groups are discussed. These results show that seminal plasma Ca and Mg content and TAC are associated with semen characteristics, and synergistically have an effect on motility and viability of the spermatozoa after ejaculation, which are important factors in semen fertility.

Mohammad-Hassan Khadem Ansari

2010-06-01

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Selección Espermática en Semen Congelado/Descongelado de Equino: Evaluación de las Membranas Plasmática, Acrosomal y Potencial de Membrana Mitocondrial / Sperm Selection in Frozen/Thawed Semen of Equine: Evaluation of Plasma, Acrosome Membranes and Mitochondrial Membrane Potential  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los procedimientos de criopreservación inducen cambios morfofuncionales en los espermatozoides. Es importante post descongelación espermática utilizar procedimientos de selección que permitan recuperar espermatozoides altamente funcionales. El objetivo del presente estudio fue comparar la eficiencia [...] del Swim-up y Equipure® en la selección de espermatozoides funcionales en semen descongelado de equino. Semen de 4 potros reproductores Criollos Chilenos (A, B, C y D), fueron descongelados separadamente y procesados (n=15) por: I.- Swim-up (SU) y II.- Equipure® (EQ). Post descongelación se determinó por citometría de flujo la viabilidad e integridad de membrana plasmática (SYBR-14/PI), potencial de membrana mitocondrial (YDm; JC-1), integridad de la membrana acrosomal (FITC-PSA/PI). La motilidad progresiva (%) en dos animales fue más alta (P Abstract in english Freeze-thaw procedures induce structural and functional changes in sperm. It is important to use post thaw sperm selection procedures that can retrieve highly functional sperm. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of the Swim-up and Equipure® in the selection of functional sperm of th [...] awed equine semen. Semen of four Chilean Criollo reproductive stallions (A, B , C and D) were frozen and thawed using a standard protocol and processed separately (n = 15) : I. Swim-up (SU) and II. Equipure® (EQ). Post sperm selection,was determined by flow cytometry. Viability and plasma membrane integrity (SYRB-14/PI), mitochondrial membrane potential (YDm, JC -1), acrosome membrane integrity (FITC-PSA/PI). Progressive motility (%) was higher (P

Paulina, Cabrera; Raúl, Sánchez; Jennie, Risopatrón.

2014-06-01

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Effect of the addition of seminal plasma, vitamin E and incubation time on post-thawed sperm viability in boar semen / Efecto de la adición de plasma seminal, vitamina E y tiempo de incubación en la viabilidad post-congelamiento del esperma en semen de verraco  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el efecto del plasma seminal (PS), Vitamina E (VE) y tiempo de incubación sobre la viabilidad espermática de semen de verracos después de su congelamiento. Treinta y seis eyaculados fueron usados y asignados a cuatro tratamientos: Tl, semen + BTS (Solución de post [...] congelamiento Belstville) + 10% PS; T2, semen + BTS + 200?g/ml VE; T3, semen + BTS + 10% PS + 200ug/ml VE; T4, semen + BTS (control). La motilidad (MOT), integridad de acrosomas (IA), integridad de membrana (IM) y la actividad mitocondrial (AM) se evaluaron a los 0 y 30 min después del congelamiento. Se utilizó un diseño en parcelas divididas y los datos se analizaron mediante un análisis de varianza para modelos mixtos. Se encontró efecto significativo de PS y VE sobre IA y IM (PO.05) pero no sobre MOT y AM (P>0.05). Hubo efecto significativo de tiempo de incubación sobre MOT (21.3 y 27.9%) y IA (46.0 y 36.0%), a los 0 y 30 min postcongelación (P Abstract in english The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of seminal plasma (SP), vitamin E (VE), and incubation time on sperm viability of post-thawed boar semen. Thirty six ejaculates were used and allocated to four treatments: Tl, semen + BTS (Belstville Thawing Solution) + 10% SP; T2, semen + BTS + [...] 200?g/ml VE; T3, semen + BTS + 10% SP + 200ug/ml VE; T4, semen + BTS (control). Motility (MOT), intact acrosomes (IA), membrane integrity (MI) and mitochondrial activity (MA) were evaluated, at 0 and 30 min after thawing. A split plot design was used and the data analyzed using a mixed model analysis of variance. There was a significant effect of SP and VE on IA and MI (PO.05) but not on MOT and MA (P>0.05). There was significant effect of incubation time on MOT (21.3 and 27.9%) and IA (46.0 and 36.0%), at 0 and 30 min post-thawing (P

A. G. C., Pech- Sansores; F. G., Centurión- Castro; J. C., Rodríguez-Buenfil; J. C., Segura-Correa; J. R., Aké-Lopez.

2011-12-01

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Alergia al semen / Semen allergy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La alergia al semen comprende una variedad de síntomas tanto locales como sistémicos causados por reacciones de hipersensibilidad inmediata y caracterizados por títulos elevados de IgE. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el caso de una paciente con alergia al semen: mujer de 21 años de edad qu [...] e presenta ardor y sensación de quemazón en el área genital luego de tener contacto con el semen de su pareja. El análisis seminal del compañero sexual no presenta ningún tipo de alteración. Los síntomas desaparecen con el uso de condón o con la práctica del coito interrumpido. La alergia al semen es una alteración, que si bien es poco frecuente, puede afectar los deseos de concepción de las mujeres que la presentan, es un fenómeno poco estudiado por lo que se requieren más reportes para su caracterización. Abstract in english Semen allergy includes several local and systemic symptoms caused by immediate hypersensitivity reactions and it is characterized by high levels of IgE. The objective of this study was to describe the case of a patient with semen allergy. A 21 year-old woman experienced itching and burning sensation [...] in the genital area after contact with the semen of her sexual partner. Semen analysis was normal. Symptoms disappear with the use of condom or the practice of coitus interruptus. Semen allergy is a condition, although rare, can affect the desire of conceiving in women who suffers it. It is a briefly studied phenomenon which requires more reports for proper characterization.

Laura, Franco Cuadros; Jenniffer, Puerta Suárez; Ángela, Cadavid Jaramillo; Walter, Cardona Maya.

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
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Alergia al semen / Semen allergy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La alergia al semen comprende una variedad de síntomas tanto locales como sistémicos causados por reacciones de hipersensibilidad inmediata y caracterizados por títulos elevados de IgE. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el caso de una paciente con alergia al semen: mujer de 21 años de edad qu [...] e presenta ardor y sensación de quemazón en el área genital luego de tener contacto con el semen de su pareja. El análisis seminal del compañero sexual no presenta ningún tipo de alteración. Los síntomas desaparecen con el uso de condón o con la práctica del coito interrumpido. La alergia al semen es una alteración, que si bien es poco frecuente, puede afectar los deseos de concepción de las mujeres que la presentan, es un fenómeno poco estudiado por lo que se requieren más reportes para su caracterización. Abstract in english Semen allergy includes several local and systemic symptoms caused by immediate hypersensitivity reactions and it is characterized by high levels of IgE. The objective of this study was to describe the case of a patient with semen allergy. A 21 year-old woman experienced itching and burning sensation [...] in the genital area after contact with the semen of her sexual partner. Semen analysis was normal. Symptoms disappear with the use of condom or the practice of coitus interruptus. Semen allergy is a condition, although rare, can affect the desire of conceiving in women who suffers it. It is a briefly studied phenomenon which requires more reports for proper characterization.

Laura, Franco Cuadros; Jenniffer, Puerta Suárez; Ángela, Cadavid Jaramillo; Walter, Cardona Maya.

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Effect of lipoic acid and ?-glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline on astroglial cell proliferation and differentiation in primary culture.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lipoic acid plays a crucial role as antioxidant and metabolic component of enzymes involved in glucose metabolism of different cell types. Choline alphoscerate (?-glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline [?GPC]) is a semisynthetic derivative of phosphatidylcholines representing, among acetilcholine precursors, a cholinergic drug. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of some proliferation and differentiation markers in 15 or 21 DIV astrocyte cultures treated with 50 ?M (+)lipoic acid or (+/-)lipoic acid and/or 10 mM ?GPC for 24 hr. In addition, we evaluated the possible genoprotective effect by analysis of DNA status detected by alkaline comet assay. The addition of single drugs [(+)lipoic acid, (+/-)lipoic acid, or ?GPC] induced an "upward modulation" of the expression of biomarkers used in our study. On the contrary, the cotreatment with either (+)lipoic acid + ?GPC or (+/-)lipoic + ?GPC surprisingly showed no significant modification or even a downregulation of the above-mentioned biomarkers. This latter finding demonstrated no additional effect after the cotreatment with both drugs with respect to the single treatments alone. Further studies are necessary to clarify the specific mechanism evoked by the processing of these neuroprotective agents in our in vitro models. Finally, these preliminary findings may represent a good tool with which to clarify the antioxidant and metabolic roles played by lipoic acid in proliferating and differentiating astroglial cell cultures, during an interactive cross-talk between glial and neuronal cells, after brain lesions or damage correlated with oxidative stress that may occur in some degenerative diseases. PMID:24166560

Grasso, S; Bramanti, V; Tomassoni, D; Bronzi, D; Malfa, G; Traini, E; Napoli, M; Renis, M; Amenta, F; Avola, R

2014-01-01

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen–thawed ram spermatozoa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen–thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq (Triladyl with 0.5 m of Equex STM paste added to each 100 m ) and heat-treated skim milk on longevity and percentages of progressively motile and aberrantly motile frozen–thawed ram spermatozoa. Three ejaculates from ea...

Mataveia, G. A.; Terblanche, S. J.; Nothling, Johan O.; Gerber, D.

2010-01-01

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Semen analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

You will need to provide a semen sample. Your health care provider will explain how to collect a sample. Methods for collecting a sperm sample include: Masturbating into a sterile jar or cup Using a special condom during intercourse given to you ...

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Immunoreactive luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone in the seminal plasma and human semen parameters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH)-like substance has been detected in human seminal plasma by a radioimmunoassay (RIA) with a highly specific anti-LH-RH antiserum. The seminal samples - not only the plasma itself but also the sample extracted by an acid/alcohol method - showed satisfactory displacement curves in our RIA system. The relationship between fertility and the LH-RH values in the seminal plasma was studied by comparing the peptide levels with sperm concentration and motility. By these two parameters, 103 samples were divided into four groups. In the low-concentration groups (oligozoospermic patients), the hormonal concentrations differed significantly between those specimens demonstrating good and poor motility. These data suggest that this immunoreactive LH-RH may play a role in human spermatogenesis

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Seminal plasma concentrations of Anti-Müllerian hormone and inhibin B predict motile sperm recovery from cryopreserved semen in asthenozoospermic men: a prospective cohort study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rate of motile sperm recovery after cryopreservation is very variable and difficult to predict. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin B are produced by Sertoli cells and released into the seminal plasma, where they could be functional markers of spermatogenesis and sperm resistance to thermal stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether seminal plasma levels of AMH and inhibin B predict sperm recovery after cryopreservation. The study included 153 men enrolled prospectively during a semen analysis. The cohort was stratified by the fresh semen characteristics into: normal (n = 52), high sperm count (n = 55), asthenozoospermia (n = 23), and oligozoospermia (n = 23). The main outcome measure was motile sperm recovery rate, defined as post-thaw total motile sperm count × 100/pre-freezing total motile sperm count. In men with asthenozoospermia there was a significant correlation between motile sperm recovery rate and the pre-freezing concentrations of AMH (r = 0.522, p AMH and inhibin B for prediction of ?50% motile sperm recovery after cryopreservation were, respectively, 0.808 and 0.638. AMH was particularly useful, with sensitivity of 0.85, specificity of 0.80, positive predictive value of 0.84 and negative predictive value of 0.80. The sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values of inhibin B for the same outcome were, respectively, 0.62, 0.60, 0.67, and 0.55. The median motile sperm recovery rate was 83% when seminal plasma AMH concentration was ?0.84 ng/mL, vs. 27% when AMH concentration was AMH and inhibin B concentrations correlate with and can be used to predict motile sperm recovery after semen cryopreservation in asthenozoospermic men. PMID:25269872

Nery, S F; Vieira, M A F; Dela Cruz, C; Lobach, V N M; Del Puerto, H L; Torres, P B; Rocha, A L L; Reis, A B; Reis, F M

2014-11-01

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Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq (Triladyl with 0.5 m? of Equex STM paste [...] added to each 100 m?) and heat-treated skim milk on longevity and percentages of progressively motile and aberrantly motile frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa. Three ejaculates from each of 6 rams were extended in TrilEq, pooled and frozen in straws as a single batch per ram. One hundred and eight straws (3 straws from each ram for each fluid) were thawed in random order. Once thawed, a straw was emptied into a tube with 0.85 m? of the appropriate fluid at 37 ºC and kept at that temperature for 6 h. Motility was assessed at ×200 magnification immediately (time zero) and 2, 4 and 6 h after thawing. Progressive motility decreased from each time to the next (P

G A, Mataveia; S J, Terblanche; J O, Nöthling; D, Gerber.

2010-09-01

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Concentrations of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and Their Associations with Human Semen Quality Measurements  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A total of 256 men were studied to evaluate whether serum concentrations of perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) impacted semen quality or reproductive hormones. Blood and semen were collected and analyzed for perfluorochemicals and reproductive and thyroid hormones. Semen quality was assessed using standard clinical methods. Linear and logistic modeling was performed with semen profile measurements as outcomes and PFOS and PFOA in semen and plasma as explanatory var...

Raymer, James H.; Michael, Larry C.; Studabaker, William B.; Olsen, Geary W.; Sloan, Carol S.; Wilcosky, Timothy; Walmer, David K.

2012-01-01

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Efeito de proteínas do plasma seminal eqüino com massa superior a 10 kDa concentradas 10 vezes sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen Effect of high concentration of protein of the equine seminal plasma on semen cryopreservation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da adição de concentrados de proteínas do plasma seminal (PPS no diluente de congelamento sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen eqüino. Foram avaliados três tratamentos: um controle, no qual o sêmen foi congelado no diluente Botu-Crio®; e outros dois, com adição de 10% ou 20% (v/v de proteínas do plasma seminal ao diluente. As maiores médias de motilidades total e progressiva foram observadas no tratamento controle, que foram superiores às obtidas com adição de 20% de proteínas, mas não diferiram das obtidas com adição de 10% de PPS. Os resultados do teste hiposmótico e do número de espermatozóides vivos obtidos com o congelamento do sêmen no diluente (controle foram superiores aos encontrados com a adição de 10% de PPS, que, por sua vez, foram melhores que os observados com a adição de 20% de PPS ao diluente. A adição do concentrado de proteínas do plasma seminal não melhora os parâmetros espermáticos do sêmen eqüino.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing the concentration of protein of the seminal plasma in the extender used for frozing equine semen. Three treatments were compared: The conventional one, defined by using only the Botu-Crio® extender for frozing semen; and other two defined by adding 10% (v/v or 20% (v/v of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. Averages of total and progressive motility were statistically higher in the conventional treatment than in that defined by adding 20% (v/v of seminal plasma proteins but they did not differ from those obtained by adding 10% (v/v of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. The best results for the hypoosmotic test and the number of live spermatozoa were obtained in the conventional treatment, and results for adding 10% (v/v of seminal plasma proteins were better than those obtained by adding 20% (v/v of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. These results indicate that the addition of concentrated protein of the seminal plasma to the extender did not improve the cryopreservation of equine semen.

Marcus Antonio Pessanha Barreto

2008-12-01

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Efeito de proteínas do plasma seminal eqüino com massa superior a 10 kDa concentradas 10 vezes sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen / Effect of high concentration of protein of the equine seminal plasma on semen cryopreservation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da adição de concentrados de proteínas do plasma seminal (PPS) no diluente de congelamento sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen eqüino. Foram avaliados três tratamentos: um controle, no qual o sêmen foi congelado no diluente Botu-Crio®; e outros dois, com adição de 10% ou [...] 20% (v/v) de proteínas do plasma seminal ao diluente. As maiores médias de motilidades total e progressiva foram observadas no tratamento controle, que foram superiores às obtidas com adição de 20% de proteínas, mas não diferiram das obtidas com adição de 10% de PPS. Os resultados do teste hiposmótico e do número de espermatozóides vivos obtidos com o congelamento do sêmen no diluente (controle) foram superiores aos encontrados com a adição de 10% de PPS, que, por sua vez, foram melhores que os observados com a adição de 20% de PPS ao diluente. A adição do concentrado de proteínas do plasma seminal não melhora os parâmetros espermáticos do sêmen eqüino. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing the concentration of protein of the seminal plasma in the extender used for frozing equine semen. Three treatments were compared: The conventional one, defined by using only the Botu-Crio® extender for frozing semen; and other two define [...] d by adding 10% (v/v) or 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. Averages of total and progressive motility were statistically higher in the conventional treatment than in that defined by adding 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins but they did not differ from those obtained by adding 10% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. The best results for the hypoosmotic test and the number of live spermatozoa were obtained in the conventional treatment, and results for adding 10% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins were better than those obtained by adding 20% (v/v) of seminal plasma proteins to Botu-Crio® extender. These results indicate that the addition of concentrated protein of the seminal plasma to the extender did not improve the cryopreservation of equine semen.

Marcus Antonio Pessanha, Barreto; José Frederico Straggiotti, Silva; Bruno, Fagundes; José Renato Costa, Caiado; Guilherme Valente de, Souza; Aldo, Shimoya.

2115-21-01

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INAA determination of selenium via sup(77m)Se in plasma, semen and hair samples from beef and dairy bulls  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Interest in the element selenium with respect to its biological significance has been steadily increasing for the last ten years. Neutron activation analysis has long been used for the accurate determination of selenium in biological samples usually via 75Se. More recently activation analysts having access to high flux reactors with rapid delivery pneumatic tube facilities; have successfully employed sup(77m)Se. This approach, which is much faster, is particularly well suited to the Missouri University Research Reactor (MURR). The specific interest concerning bulls has to do with the involvement of selenium in the reproductive system. Selenium analysis methodology and data on plasma, semen and 22 tissues from both beef and dairy bulls are presented. (author)

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Evaluation of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for determining Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in bovine semen samples using a simple sample dilution method  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um método simples e rápido para a determinação de Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se e Zn em sêmen bovino por espectrometria de massas com plasma indutivamente acoplado (q-ICP-MS) é descrito. Previamente as análises, 200 µL de amostras foram diluídas 1:50 em solução contendo Triton® X-100 (0,01% v/v) e ácido ní [...] trico (0,5% v/v). Os limites de detecção foram de 0,3, 0,03, 0,2, 0,04, 0,04, 0,03 e 0,03 µg L-1 para 44Ca, 63Cu, 57Fe, 24Mg, 64Zn, 82Se e 55Mn, respectivamente. Para efeitos de comparação e validação do método, quatro amostras de sêmen bovino foram analisadas por ICP-MS pelo método proposto e por espectrometria de absorção atômica com chama (FAAS) ou espectrometria de absorção atômica em forno de grafite (GF AAS), e não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas entre as técnicas com aplicação do teste-t (95% de confiança). Então, o método proposto foi aplicado na determinação de Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se e Zn em amostras de sêmen bovino coletadas de diferentes raças, as quais são usadas em programas de reprodução animal e inseminação artificial. Abstract in english A simple and fast method for the determination of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in bovine semen by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (q-ICP-MS) is described. Prior to analysis, samples (200 µL) were diluted 1:50 in a solution containing 0.01% v/v Triton® X-100 and 0.5% v/v nitric ac [...] id and directly analyzed by ICP-MS. The limits of detection of the method are 0.3, 0.03, 0.2, 0.04, 0.04, 0.03 and 0.03 µg L-1 for 44Ca, 63Cu, 57Fe, 24Mg, 64Zn, 82Se and 55Mn, respectively. For purposes of comparison and method validation, four ordinary bovine semen samples were directly analyzed by ICP-MS and by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF AAS), with no statistical difference between the techniques at the 95% level when applying the t-test. Then, the proposed method was applied in the determinations of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Se and Zn in collected samples of bovine semen from different breeds, which are used in reproduction programs and artificial insemination.

Giovanna F. M., Aguiar; Bruno L., Batista; Jairo L., Rodrigues; Pedro O., Luccas; Fernando, Barbosa Jr..

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Adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado e taxa de prenhez de ovelhas inseminadas em tempo fixo / Addition of seminal plasma to frozen-thawed semen and pregnancy rate of fixed time inseminated ewes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Avaliou-se o efeito da adição de plasma seminal ovino ao sêmen descongelado sobre a taxa de prenhez de ovelhas em rebanho comercial. Cento e setenta e quatro ovelhas cruza Texel foram distribuídas em quatro tratamentos: T1) inseminação artificial cervical (IAC) com sêmen descongelado (SD) diluído em [...] solução tampão fosfato salino (PBS); T2) IAC com SD e adição de plasma seminal ovino; T3) grupo-controle I: IAC com sêmen fresco diluído em PBS; T4) grupo-controle II: inseminação artificial por laparoscopia com SD diluído em PBS. Para indução de cio, utilizaram-se esponjas impregnadas com acetato de medroxiprogesterona (MAP) por 12 dias, com aplicação intramuscular de 400 UI de eCG (Novormon®) e de 37,5µg de cloprostenol sódico (Sincrocio®), no dia da retirada das esponjas. O aparecimento de cio foi monitorado com rufiões vasectomizados a partir da retirada das esponjas até a inseminação artificial em tempo fixo - 54 a 60 horas. A taxa de prenhez do tratamento com adição de plasma seminal ao sêmen descongelado (7,0%) não diferiu (P>0,05) do tratamento sem adição de plasma (4,3%), entretanto foi menor (P Abstract in english The effect of seminal plasma addition to thawed-frozen ram semen on the pregnancy rate of commercial herd ewes was evaluated. One hundred and seventy-four crossbred Texel sheep were allocated to four treatments: T1) cervical artificial insemination (CAI) using frozen-thawed semen (FTS) diluted in ph [...] osphate buffered saline solution (PBS); T2) CAI using FTS diluted in ovine seminal plasma; T3) control group I: CAI using fresh semen diluted in PBS; T4) control group II: laparoscopic insemination using FTS diluted in PBS. Estrus induction was performed with medroxiprogesterone acetate (MAP) impregnated sponges for 12 days, followed by intramuscular injection of 400 IU of eCG (Novormon®) and 37.5µg of sodium cloprostenol (Sincrocio®) on the day of sponge removal. Estrus was monitorated with vasectomized rams, beginning at the time of the sponge removal until the fixed time artificial insemination - 54 to 60 hours. The pregnancy rate of FTS diluted in seminal plasma treatment (7.0%) did not differ (P>0.05) for the treatment without addition of seminal plasma (4.3%), however it was lower (P

O.R., Prado; G.M., Bastos; A.L.G., Monteiro; B.B., Saab; S., Gilaverte; C.C., Pierobom; F., Hentz; L.H.S., Martins; C.J.A., Silva; G.S., Dranca; T.S.S., Stivari; G., Cerqueira.

2013-02-01

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Perfil em SDS-PAGE das proteínas do plasma seminal e sua relação com a congelabilidade do sêmen de touros doadores da raça gir / SDS-PAGE seminal plasma proteins pattern and its correlation with gir breed semen freezability  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foram utilizados dez animais doadores de sêmen em nível de Central de Inseminação Artificial, da raça Gir, divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com o grau de congelabilidade do sêmen de cada animal. Os animais com sêmen de alta congelabilidade foram aqueles cuja porcentagem de ejaculados viáveis pós- [...] descongelação foi superior a 80%. O grupo de baixa congelabilidade tinha animais com porcentagem menor que 50% de ejaculados viáveis pós-descongelação. Os critérios de avaliação da viabilidade do sêmen e seleção dos animais foram definidos pelo controle de qualidade do Departamento de Produção da Central de Inseminação Artificial. Foram feitas quatro coletas semanais consecutivas, sendo que obtiveram-se as amostras de plasma seminal por centrifugação a 1.500 g por 15 a 20 minutos a 4°C, momentos após a coleta do sêmen em vagina artificial. O plasma seminal foi dialisado em membrana de celulose, em tampão Tris-Glicina pH-7,4 por 24 horas a 4°C, em agitação lenta e constante. As amostras foram padronizadas em 1,0 mg/ml de proteína total, por diluição em tampão Tris-HCl 62mM pH-6,2 mais 20% de glicerol e 4% de SDS. Através de eletroforese do tipo SDS-PAGE, foram feitas as corridas em gel a 13%. A corrida foi feita com a constante de 25 mA, por um período de 5 horas. A coloração do gel foi feita por Coomassie Brilliant Blue. Pelos resultados obtidos, verificou-se que existe uma banda no grupo de alta congelabilidade, cujo fragmento polipeptídico desta proteína tem Mr (mobilidade relativa) 20,3 e PM (peso molecular) aproximado de 61.800 Da. Esta banda não foi detectada nas amostras do grupo de baixa congelabilidade, o que sugere ser um possível marcador bioquímico quanto ao potencial de criopreservação do sêmen de bovinos. Abstract in english This study was undertaken to determine whether bovine seminal plasma contained protein markers associated with semen freezability. Seminal plasma was obtained from ten Gir bulls of known fertility and freezability, set into two groups of High (up to 80% of viable sperm after thawing) and Low freezab [...] ility (less than 50%). SDS-PAGE of seminal plasma samples indicated that one protein (Mr =-20.3;-MW-=-61,800Da) predominated in high-freezability semen. These findings indicate that bull seminal plasma contains freezability-associated proteins which can be used as markers for predicting semen freezability.

Marcelo, RONCOLETTA; Paulo Henrique, FRANCESCHINI; Vera Fernanda Martins Hossepian de, LIMA; Lúcia Helena, RODRIGUES; Marcelo Almeida, OLIVEIRA; Carlos da, SILVA.

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Caracterização de proteínas do plasma seminal e sua relação com parâmetros de qualidade do sêmen criopreservado em ovinos / Characterization of seminal plasma proteins and its relationship with quality parameters of frozen semen in ram  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os objetivos deste trabalho foram analisar o perfil proteico do plasma seminal ovino e identificar proteínas relacionadas com a congelabilidade do sêmen que possam ser utilizadas como marcadores para essa característica. Foram utilizados os ejaculados de cinco reprodutores, nos quais foram realizada [...] s avaliações espermáticas e dos quais os plasmas seminais obtidos por centrifugação foram submetidos à eletroforese bidimensional em gel de poliacrilamida. Foram identificados 92 spots, considerando todos os animais analisados. A avaliação dos dados obtidos evidenciou variações significativas nos resultados das análises do sêmen dos animais e uma variabilidade no perfil proteico no plasma seminal dos carneiros. As proteínas 03 (7,9kDa; pI 6,35), 23 (13,6kDa; pI 5,01) e 31 (21,4kDa; pI 4,75) se destacaram, por apresentarem maior expressão e relações com as características espermáticas. Sugere-se que mais estudos sejam realizados para verificar se as proteínas 03, 23 e 31 podem ser utilizadas como marcadores da capacidade criopreservadora do sêmen. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to analyze the protein profile of ram seminal plasma and to identify proteins associated with semen freezability, which could be used as marker for predicting this feature. Semen from five rams was used. The sperm analysis was held and the seminal plasma obtained by c [...] entrifugation was submitted to two-dimensional electrophoresis using acrylamide gel. Ninety two spots were identified considering the analyzed animals. The results showed a significant variation among sperm analysis of the animals and variability in the protein profile of the seminal plasma of the rams. The proteins 03 (7.9kDa; pI 6.35), 23 (13.6kDa; pI 5.01) e 31 (21.4kDa; pI 4.75) stood out because they showed higher expression and because of its relationship with the sperm characteristics. It is suggested more studies to verify if proteins 03, 23 and 31 could be used as markers of semen freezability.

Priscilla Pereira, Moura; Maurício Machaim, Franco; Thiago Antônio de Souza Nascimento, Silva; Thales Lima, Rocha; Diogo Ramos, Leal; Pedro Ivo Braga, Passos; Jairo Pereira, Neves.

1154-11-01

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Caracterização de proteínas do plasma seminal e sua relação com parâmetros de qualidade do sêmen criopreservado em ovinos Characterization of seminal plasma proteins and its relationship with quality parameters of frozen semen in ram  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram analisar o perfil proteico do plasma seminal ovino e identificar proteínas relacionadas com a congelabilidade do sêmen que possam ser utilizadas como marcadores para essa característica. Foram utilizados os ejaculados de cinco reprodutores, nos quais foram realizadas avaliações espermáticas e dos quais os plasmas seminais obtidos por centrifugação foram submetidos à eletroforese bidimensional em gel de poliacrilamida. Foram identificados 92 spots, considerando todos os animais analisados. A avaliação dos dados obtidos evidenciou variações significativas nos resultados das análises do sêmen dos animais e uma variabilidade no perfil proteico no plasma seminal dos carneiros. As proteínas 03 (7,9kDa; pI 6,35, 23 (13,6kDa; pI 5,01 e 31 (21,4kDa; pI 4,75 se destacaram, por apresentarem maior expressão e relações com as características espermáticas. Sugere-se que mais estudos sejam realizados para verificar se as proteínas 03, 23 e 31 podem ser utilizadas como marcadores da capacidade criopreservadora do sêmen.The objective of this study was to analyze the protein profile of ram seminal plasma and to identify proteins associated with semen freezability, which could be used as marker for predicting this feature. Semen from five rams was used. The sperm analysis was held and the seminal plasma obtained by centrifugation was submitted to two-dimensional electrophoresis using acrylamide gel. Ninety two spots were identified considering the analyzed animals. The results showed a significant variation among sperm analysis of the animals and variability in the protein profile of the seminal plasma of the rams. The proteins 03 (7.9kDa; pI 6.35, 23 (13.6kDa; pI 5.01 e 31 (21.4kDa; pI 4.75 stood out because they showed higher expression and because of its relationship with the sperm characteristics. It is suggested more studies to verify if proteins 03, 23 and 31 could be used as markers of semen freezability.

Priscilla Pereira Moura

2010-05-01

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ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY AS A MARKER OF DOG SEMEN FREEZABILITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The investigation was performed to evaluate the dog semen freezability and itsquality after thawing allowing its use for artificial insemination (AI. On the basis ofsperm motility, concentration and alkaline phosphatase (AP activity in semenplasma it was possible to establish that AP activity corresponds with the basic factorof semen examination. Significant statistical differences occurred between thequality of ejaculates which were qualified or disqualified to deep freezing and AI.These results show that AP activity in raw dog semen plasma can be used as amarker for the dog semen qualification for deep freezing and AI with 95%probability of the prognosis of the results.

KOSINIAK-KAMYSZ K.

2007-01-01

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ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY AS A MARKER OF DOG SEMEN FREEZABILITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The investigation was performed to evaluate the dog semen freezability and itsquality after thawing allowing its use for artificial insemination (AI. On the basis ofsperm motility, concentration and alkaline phosphatase (AP activity in semenplasma it was possible to establish that AP activity corresponds with the basic factorof semen examination. Significant statistical differences occurred between thequality of ejaculates which were qualified or disqualified to deep freezing and AI.These results show that AP activity in raw dog semen plasma can be used as amarker for the dog semen qualification for deep freezing and AI with 95%probability of the prognosis of the results.

K. KOSINIAK-KAMYSZ

2013-12-01

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Isolation of bluetongue virus from bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The efficacy of inoculation of Vero cell cultures or intravenous inoculation of chicken embryos in the isolation and titration of seminal bluetongue virus (BTV) was studied, as was the toxicity of bull semen for these 2 isolation systems. Frozen and thawed BTV-contaminated ejaculates collected during periods of viremia from 2 bulls experimentally infected with cell culture-adapted BTV serotype 17 were used in isolation, titration and fractionation studies. Blood collected from the 2 bulls concurrently with the semen was titrated in chicken embryos. Bull semen was toxic for both isolation systems. Toxicity was associated with both the spermatozoa and seminal plasma. Dilution of the semen at least 1:25, addition of peptone or tryptose broth to the diluent, limitation of adsorption time and postinoculation washing of cell culture monolayers all reduced the destructive effects of semen. Isolation of BTV was successful from 11 ejaculates and was titratable in 9 of these. Blind passage of surviving embryos or cell cultures at the endpoints of the titrations produced BTV isolations in 4 instances. The virus was never isolated from semen in the absence of concurrent viremia. Peak seminal BTV titers of 10(5.5) CEIVLD50/ml and 10(5.7) TCID50/ml were observed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2989846

Howard, T H; Bowen, R A; Pickett, B W

1985-01-01

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Cryopreservation of boar semen  

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The world’s pig population is consistently being upgraded through the international trade of superior genetics. The two major systems that are used for this purpose are the transport of live animals and the export of frozen boar semen. The main limiting factors for a wider use of frozen-thawed (FT) boar semen are low fertility levels of FT in comparison with liquid semen, and between-boar variation in freezing success. Consequently, there is a need for improved boar semen freezing methods. ...

Eriksson, Bengt

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on semen profile and enzymatic anti-oxidant capacity of seminal plasma in infertile men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratospermia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Effective medical treatments of infertile men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratospermia (OAT) have yet to be determined. This study considered two major aims: (i) to measure the changes in semen parameters, omega-3 fatty acids (FA) compositions and anti-oxidant activity; (ii) to determine if the administration of omega-3 FA affect semen quality in infertile men with OAT. Two hundred thirty-eight infertile men with idiopathic OAT were randomised to eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA), 1.84 g per day (EPAX 5500TG; Lysaker, Norway), or placebo for 32 weeks. The semen parameters were assessed according to WHO criteria, and the EPA and DHA concentrations were determined in red blood cells (RBCs), seminal plasma and sperm cells at baseline and 32-week treatment period. Of randomised subjects, 211 (88.7%) completed the full 32-week randomisation period. The anti-oxidant status of seminal plasma was also evaluated by measuring the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase-like activity. In the total group of participants, all EPA and DHA levels in RBC, and seminal plasma, were statistically significantly correlated with those in spermatozoa (both P = 0.001). A significant improvement of sperm cell total count (from 38.7 ± 8.7 ' 10? to 61.7 ± 11.2 ' 10?, P = 0.001) and sperm cell concentration (from 15.6 ± 4.1 ' 10? per ml to 28.7 ± 4.4 ' 10? per ml, P = 0.001) was observed in the omega-3 group. A significant positive correlation was found between the EPA and DHA in seminal plasma and the semen parameters. Seminal plasma EPA and DHA concentrations were positively correlated with seminal plasma SOD-like and catalase-like activity (both P = 0.001). In seminal plasma, both SOD-like and catalase-like activity were positively correlated with sperm count, sperm motility, and sperm morphology. Oligoasthenoteratospermic men with low levels of EPA and DHA may benefit from omega-3 FA supplementation. Further studies are warranted to shed more light on this important issue. PMID:21219381

Safarinejad, M R

2011-02-01

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Las proteínas del plasma seminal incrementan la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación del semen de toros Sanmartinero / Seminal plasma proteins increase the post-thaw sperm viability of Sanmartinero bull's semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal sobre el porcentaje de espermatozoides bovinos viables post-descongelación. Materiales y métodos. Los espermatozoides se congelaron usando dos medios (citrato-fructosa-yema y Bioxcell®) y la obt [...] ención de proteínas de plasma seminal de bajo peso molecular se realizó por medio de cromatografía líquida de baja presión. Las proteínas de interés eluyeron en las fracciones 21-25 y se sometieron a electroforésis en una y dos dimensiones. Los espermatozoides se incubaron a 37°C durante una hora, con 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 y 2.0 mg de la fracción 21-25. Se incluyeron dos tratamientos adicionales: uno con proteínas totales del plasma seminal y otro sin proteína. Resultados. La electroforésis bidimensional de las fracciones confirmó la presencia de siete puntos de proteína de bajo peso molecular (14-16 kDa y punto Isoeléctrico de 5.0 - 5.5). La adición de estas proteínas aumentó 20% (p Abstract in english Objective. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of the addition of proteins on the post-thawing viability of spermatozoa. Materials and methods. Spermatozoa were frozen with two different media: Citrate-fructose and Bioxcell®. The isolation of seminal plasma proteins of low molecular weig [...] ht was performed through low pressure liquid chromatography. It was determined that the proteins of interest eluted in fractions 21-25, and two dimensional electrophoresis was performed. Thawed sperm was incubated at 37°C for one hour with 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2.0 mg of 21-25 fraction protein. Two additional treatments were included: one with seminal plasma total protein, and another one without protein. Results. Two dimensional electrophoresis of protein confirmed the presence of two bands of 14 and 16 kDa and seven spots with iso-electric points between 5.0 - 5.5 respectively. Incubation of the spermatozoa with the 21-25 fraction showed that sperm viability increases by 20% with doses of 1 and 1.5 mg of protein/106 spermatozoa in the citrate-fructose medium, and 25% with 0.5 mg of protein/106 spermatozoa in Bioxcell® medium. A positive effect in sperm viability was demonstrated although it depends on the doses of protein and the cryopreservation medium used. Conclusions. This investigation suggests that the use of seminal plasma proteins can be useful for reducing the harmful effect on sperm cryopreservation.

Fabián, Rueda A; Tatiana, Garcés P; Rocío, Herrera L; Luis, Arbeláez R; Miguel, Peña J; Henry, Velásquez P; Aureliano, Hernández V; Jaime, Cardozo C.

2013-01-01

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Las proteínas del plasma seminal incrementan la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación del semen de toros Sanmartinero  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal sobre el porcentaje de espermatozoides bovinos viables post-descongelación. Materiales y métodos. Los espermatozoides se congelaron usando dos medios (citrato-fructosa-yema y Bioxcell® y la obtención de proteínas de plasma seminal de bajo peso molecular se realizó por medio de cromatografía líquida de baja presión. Las proteínas de interés eluyeron en las fracciones 21-25 y se sometieron a electroforésis en una y dos dimensiones. Los espermatozoides se incubaron a 37°C durante una hora, con 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 y 2.0 mg de la fracción 21-25. Se incluyeron dos tratamientos adicionales: uno con proteínas totales del plasma seminal y otro sin proteína. Resultados. La electroforésis bidimensional de las fracciones confirmó la presencia de siete puntos de proteína de bajo peso molecular (14-16 kDa y punto Isoeléctrico de 5.0 - 5.5. La adición de estas proteínas aumentó 20% (p<0.05, el porcentaje de espermatozoides viables post-descongelación en muestras congeladas en medio citrato-fructosa-yema (con dosis de 1 ó 1.5 mg de proteína/106 espermatozoides, y 25% (p<0.05 en muestras congeladas en medio Bioxcell® (con dosis de 0.5 mg de proteína/106 espermatozoides. Conclusiones. Los resultados de esta investigación sugieren el posible uso de proteínas de bajo peso molecular del plasma seminal, para disminuir el efecto deletéreo de la criopreservación en los espermatozoides.

Fabián Rueda A.

2013-03-01

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Butylated hydroxytoluene inclusion in semen extender improves the post-thawed semen quality of Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was carried out to evaluate the potential impact of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the frozen-thawed semen quality of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. Ejaculated bull semen was extended in a Tris-citrate egg yolk extender containing various concentrations of BHT (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0mM). Semen was frozen at -196 degrees C using 50 x 10(6) spermatozoa per 0.5 mL straws. Five straws from each treatment were thawed to assess the semen quality in terms of sperm motility, viability, plasma membrane integrity and acrosomal integrity. Post-thawed sperm motility was determined using a phase-contrast microscope. Viability, plasma membrane integrity and acrosomal integrity were evaluated by the supravital staining, hypo-osmotic swelling test and normal acrosomal reaction, respectively. The highest (Pbuffalo bulls. PMID:19246080

Ijaz, A; Hussain, A; Aleem, M; Yousaf, M S; Rehman, H

2009-05-01

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Proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos relacionadas com o índice pluviométrico e a qualidade do sêmen Proteins of goat seminal plasma related with precipitation index and semen quality  

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O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as proteínas do plasma seminal de caprinos da raça Alpina Americana criados na região Nordeste do Brasil que estão relacionadas ao índice pluviométrico e à qualidade do sêmen. O sêmen foi obtido pelo método de vagina artificial a partir de três reprodutores e foi avaliado quanto aos parâmetros macroscópicos e microscópicos. O perfil de proteínas do plasma seminal foi realizado por eletroforese bidimensional. Os parâmetros volume do sême...

Andreia Fernandes de Souza; Maria da Conceição Gomes Leitão; André Mariano Batista; Ana Lúcia Figueiredo Porto; José Luiz de Lima Filho; Maria Madalena Pessoa Guerra

2009-01-01

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Concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and their associations with human semen quality measurements.  

Science.gov (United States)

A total of 256 men were studied to evaluate whether serum concentrations of perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) impacted semen quality or reproductive hormones. Blood and semen were collected and analyzed for perfluorochemicals and reproductive and thyroid hormones. Semen quality was assessed using standard clinical methods. Linear and logistic modeling was performed with semen profile measurements as outcomes and PFOS and PFOA in semen and plasma as explanatory variables. Adjusting for age, abstinence, and tobacco use, there was no indication that PFOA or PFOS was significantly associated with volume, sperm concentration, percent motility, swim-up motility and concentration, and directional motility (a function of motility and modal progression). Follicle-stimulating hormone was not associated with either PFOA or PFOS. Luteinizing hormone was positively correlated with plasma PFOA and PFOS, but not semen PFOS. Important methodological concerns included the lack of multiple hormonal measurements necessary to address circadian rhythms. PMID:21736937

Raymer, James H; Michael, Larry C; Studabaker, William B; Olsen, Geary W; Sloan, Carol S; Wilcosky, Timothy; Walmer, David K

2012-07-01

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EFECTO DE LA ADICIÓN DE PLASMA SEMINAL SOBRE LA ELIMINACIÓN DE GOTAS CITOPLÁSMICAS EN SEMEN DE SUS SCROFA LINAEUS, 1758 / EFFECTS OF ADITION OF SE MINAL PLASMA ON THE ELIMINATION OF CYTOPLASMIC DROPLETS IN OF SUS SCROFA LINAEUS, 1758 BOAR SEMEN  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las gotas citoplásmicas (GCs) son remanentes del citoplasma que quedan adheridos al espermatozoide después de la espermatogénesis, constituyen la anormalidad espermática más frecuente en porcinos, y se relacionan claramente con baja fertilidad. Hay serios indicios de que la fructosa y el AMPc del pl [...] asma seminal intervienen en la maduración espermática, en el desprendimiento de las GCs, y en la reacción acrosómica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el efecto de la adición de plasma seminal, en el desprendimiento de las GCs en machos con diagnóstico de persistencia de las mismas. En el estudio se emplearon tres verracos (dos con persistencia de GCs y uno normal) de tres a cinco años de edad, alojados en la granja Montelindo de la Universidad de Caldas; a los cuales se les realizaron análisis seminales semanales, completos, durante cuatro meses. Se llevó a cabo un arreglo factorial 3x3x2 (adición a la FR de los machos con persistencia de GCs de 0%, 20% de PSMS y 20% de PSMGCs; 0, 60 y 120 minutos de incubación, y 16 y 37ºC de temperaturas de incubación) en un diseño de bloques completos al azar, analizado mediante análisis de varianza y prueba de Tukey. La incubación del semen de machos con persistencia de GCs con PSMGCs redujo más del 4% las GCs respecto a la incubación sin PS y con PSMS; igualmente se registró reducción de aproximadamente el 5% en las GCs, al aumentar el tiempo de incubación de 0 a 120 minutos, y alrededor de 2% al llevar la temperatura de incubación de 16 a 37ºC. Abstract in english The cytoplasmic droplets (CDs) are remnants of the cytoplasm that are attached to the sperm after spermatogenesis. CDs constitute the most frequent sperm abnormality in pigs and are clearly related to low fertility. There are serious indications that fructose and the seminal plasma AMPc are involved [...] in sperm maturation in the CDs detachment and in the acrosome reaction. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the addition of seminal plasma in the CDs detachment in males with diagnosis of persistence of such detachment. Three boars (two with persistence of CDs and one normal) from three to five years of age, housed in the Montelindo farm at Universidad de Caldas were used in the study. These boars were performed complete seminal analysis weekly during four months. A factorial arrangement 3x3x2 (addition to the males FR with CDs persistence of 0%, 20% of SPHM and 20% of SPMCDs; 0, 60 and 120 minutes incubation, and 16, and 37ºC incubation temperature) was carried out in a randomized complete blocks design, analyzed through variance analysis and Tukey's test. Incubation of males semen with persistence of CDs with SPMCDs decreased more than 4% the CDS with regards to incubation without SP and SPHM; similarly, there was reduction of approximately 5% in CDs when increasing incubation time from 0 to 120 minutes, and about 2% when increasing incubation temperature from 16 to 37ºC.

Francisco Javier, Henao Uribe; Julián Alonso, Valencia Giraldo; Orlando, Díaz Franco; Marcos Yesid, Rangel Sierra.

2011-12-01

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Increase in post-thaw viability by adding seminal plasma proteins to Sanmartinero and Zebu sperm / Aumento da viabilidade espermática pós-descongelamento, com a adição de proteínas do plasma seminal de sêmen de touros das raças Sanmartinero e Zebu / Incremento en la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación por la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal a semen de toros Sanmartinero y Cebú  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Antecedentes: a criopreservação diminui a viabilidade espermática abaixo de um 50%. Objetivo: o objetivo desta pesquisa foi determinar o efeito da adição de proteínas do plasma seminal na viabilidade espermática pós-descongelamento de sêmen de touros das raças Sanmartinero y Zebú. Métodos: coletou-s [...] e sêmen de 10 touros de cada raça, as amostras do plasma seminal foram submetidas à eletroforese bidimensional, para estabelecer a relação entre a quantidade relativa de cada ponto de proteína e a viabilidade espermática. Ao serem identificados os pontos, o plasma seminal também foi submetido ao processo de cromatografia por exclusão para separar a fração que continha as proteínas. A fração foi adicionada nas doses de 0,5, 1,0, 1,5 y 2,0 mg, amostras de 1 x 106 espermatozoides, em descongelamento e incubados à temperatura de 37 ° C durante 1 hora, para determinar o efeito na viabilidade pós-descongelamento. Os espermatozoides foram congelados utilizando dois meios (Citrato- frutose-gema e Bioxcell®). Resultados: encontrou-se um ponto de proteína (16,20 kDa, ponto Isoelétrico 5,5) no plasma de touro Sanmartinero, que correlacionou (r=0,64 p Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: la criopreservación disminuye la viabilidad espermática por debajo del 50%. Objetivo: el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar el efecto de la adición de proteínas del plasma seminal sobre la viabilidad espermática post-descongelación de semen de toros Sanmartinero y Cebú. Méto [...] dos: se colectó semen de 10 toros de cada raza, y el plasma seminal se sometió a electroforesis bidimensional, para establecer la relación entre la cantidad relativa de cada punto de proteína y la viabilidad espermática. Identificados dichos puntos, el plasma seminal se sometió a cromatografía de exclusión para separar la fracción que contenía estas proteínas. Esta se adicionó en dosis de 0,5, 1,0, 1,5 y 2,0 mg, a muestras de 1 x 10(6) espermatozoides, descongelados e incubados a 37 °C durante 1 hora, para determinar su efecto en la viabilidad post-descongelación. Los espermatozoides se congelaron usando dos medios (citrato-fructosa-yema y Bioxcell®). Resultados: se encontró un punto de proteína (16,20 kDa, punto Isoeléctrico 5,5) en plasma de toros Sanmartinero, que correlacionó (r = 0,64 p Abstract in english Background: cryopreservation decreases sperm viability by approximately 50%. Objective: the objective of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of seminal plasma proteins on post-thawing sperm viability in Sanmartinero and Zebu semen. Methods: semen samples from 10 bulls of each bree [...] d were used, and seminal plasma was subjected to two-dimensional electrophoresis to establish the relationship between the relative amount of each protein spot and sperm viability. Then, seminal plasma was subjected to exclusion chromatography to separate the fraction containing these proteins. This fraction was added in doses of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg, to 1 x 10(6). Sperm was thawed and incubated at 37 °C for 1 h to determine its effect on postthaw viability. Sperm were frozen using two media (citrate-fructose-yolk and Bioxcell®). Results: we found one protein spot (16.20 kDa, PI 5.5) in Sanmartinero seminal plasma that correlated (r = 0.64 p

Fabián L, Rueda; Rocío F, Herrera; Luis F, Arbeláez; Tatiana, Garcés; Henry, Velasquez; Miguel A, Peña; Jaime A, Cardozo.

2013-06-01

69

Association of classical semen parameters, sperm DNA fragmentation index, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymatic activity of semen in ram-lambs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective was to determine relationships among classical semen characteristics, sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA), lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymatic activity in ram-lamb semen. Fifty-seven ram-lambs were electroejaculated, and routine semen evaluation was conducted (as part of a breeding soundness evaluation). The percentage of sperm DNA fragmentation index (%DFI) and the percentage of sperm with abnormally high DNA stainability (HDS; immature spermatozoa) were determined by SCSA using the metachromatic properties of acridine orange. Semen was centrifuged at 800 x g for 15 min to separate spermatozoa and seminal plasma and the aliquots were stored at -70 degrees C until analyzed. Lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels in seminal plasma and spermatozoa were measured by spectrophotometric assays. The classical semen parameters were negatively related to lipid peroxidation and GPx activity in spermatozoa; motility and morphology were negatively related to %DFI (P breeding soundness outcome groups, %DFI was lower in the satisfactory group compared to other groups (P < 0.05) and the lipid peroxidation and GPx activity in seminal plasma and spermatozoa were lower in satisfactory and questionable groups (P < 0.05). However, the SOD was lower in the unsatisfactory group (P < 0.05). In summary, classical semen parameters were negatively related to % DFI, lipid peroxidation and GPx activity in ram-lamb spermatozoa and seminal plasma. There were indications that SOD and GPx have crucial protective roles against the toxic effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in ram-lamb semen. PMID:16188307

Kasimanickam, Ramanathan; Pelzer, Kevin D; Kasimanickam, Vanmathy; Swecker, William S; Thatcher, Craig D

2006-04-15

70

Between male variation in semen characteristics and preliminary results on the dilution of semen in the ostrich  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This study is part of an ongoing project on artificial insemination in ostriches. The physical output of neat semen from four ostrich males was investigated and the effect of reconstituting semen with: 1) seminal plasma of the same male (SPS); 2) seminal plasma of another male (SPD), and 3) Dulbecco [...] 's Modified Eagles Medium (DMEM). Semen was collected daily from one or two pairs of males using the dummy female method, each pair being replicated twice. Spermatozoa viability in neat semen, SPS, SPD and DMEM was assessed using nigrosin-eosin staining and the proportions of live normal, live abnormal and dead sperm were determined. Semen volume (mean ± SE) was 1.27 ± 0.13 mL, the concentration of spermatozoa 3.68 ± 0.17 x 10(9) /mL and the number of spermatozoa 4.92 ± 0.64 x 10(9) /ejaculate. Furthermore, the live normal, live abnormal and dead spermatozoa in the neat semen were 61.2 ± 4.5%, 21.2 ± 2.7% and 17.7 ± 4.3% respectively. The ejaculate volume and the number of dead spermatozoa were not affected by collection time. However, the number of live abnormal spermatozoa increased through the day causing a reduction in live normal spermatozoa. Furthermore, re-suspending spermatozoa in DMEM reduced the number of live normal (31.4 ± 4.6%) and live abnormal spermatozoa (11.0 ± 2.7%) and increased the number of dead spermatozoa (57.6 ± 4.4%). In contrast, numbers of live spermatozoa were higher when suspended in seminal plasma and similar in SPS (53.9 ± 4.6%) and SPD (50.7 ± 4.6%). These are the first crucial steps to determining the optimum semen collection time and to improving the viability of diluted spermatozoa.

M., Bonato; P.K., Rybnik; I.A., Malecki; C.K., Cornwallis; S.W.P., Cloete.

71

Relationship of semen hyperviscosity with IL-6, TNF-?, IL-10 and ROS production in seminal plasma of infertile patients with prostatitis and prostato-vesiculitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Changes in levels of oxidative damage products in semen and their relationship to seminal fluid viscosity (SFV) have recently received increasing research interest. We analysed whether SFV was associated with ROS generation, levels of cytokines TNF-alpha (TNF-?), IL-6 and IL-10 and seminal leucocyte concentration, and whether ROS production was related to the extent of infections/inflammations at one (prostatitis) or two (prostato-vesiculitis) male accessory glands. We studied 169 infertile patients, with chronic bacterial prostatitis (PR, n = 74) and/or bilateral prostato-vesiculitis (PV, n = 95), as diagnosed by the ultrasound (US) criteria. Healthy fertile men (n = 42) served as controls. In the PV patient group, SFV, semen characteristics and ROS production had median values that were significantly higher than those found in PR patients and controls, although other sperm variables had values significantly lower than those found in PR patients or controls. In PV infertile patients, ROS generation and pro-inflammatory cytokines levels were higher than those found in PR infertile patients and controls, although seminal IL-10 levels in PV and PR patients were lower than those found in the controls. In PR patients, the levels of SFV were positively related to TNF-? (r = 0.67; P infertile men and increased pro-inflammatory interleukins in patients with male accessory gland infection, more when the infection was extended to the seminal vesicles. PMID:24329571

Castiglione, R; Salemi, M; Vicari, L O; Vicari, E

2014-12-01

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Hepatitis C virus detection in the semen of infected patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Though HCV infection is a serious public health problem, some aspects of its biology are still not well understood, such as its transmission through seminal fluid and sexual transmission. We looked for HCV in the semen of infected patients. Thirteen patients were included. Semen fractions (seminal plasma, leukocytes and spermatozoa were separated with 45% and 90% Percoll gradients. The HCV-RNA in blood and semen fractions was extracted using the same protocol (AMPLICOR Roche and was detected using the qualitative Roche Amplicor test and by agarose gel electrophoresis, with ethidium bromide staining. The mean age of the patients was 40.7 years. Risk factors for the acquisition of HCV included injectable and inhaled drug use in six (42.8%, blood transfusion in four (28.6%, and no risk factors in four (28.6% patients. Genotype 1 was detected in 62% of the patients, followed by genotype 3 in 23% and genotype 2 in 15%. All blood samples were positive, regardless of the technique used for detection. All semen samples identified by Roche Amplicor and analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis were negative. Among the 52 semen samples (total and fractions identified by the Roche Amplicor method, 45 (87% were inhibited. A negative result was recorded for one (1.9% total semen sample, one (1.9% leukocyte and four (7.7% seminal plasma fractions. Only one (1.9% sample of the spermatozoon fraction was positive. The results obtained suggested false-negative reactions for the semen samples.

Norma de Paula Cavalheiro

2008-10-01

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First detection of Schmallenberg virus RNA in bovine semen, Germany, 2012.  

Science.gov (United States)

In analogy to the related Akabane virus, transmission of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) by contaminated semen has primarily been considered negligible. However, the potential economic consequences for stock-bull breeders prompted the investigation of reliable diagnostic methods for SBV-RNA detection in bovine semen. Twelve extraction methods were compared using a dilution series of SBV-spiked semen as well as serum and medium samples for control. The most promising methods were subsequently used with semen samples obtained in an intensive field study. In total, frozen semen from 95 SBV-seroconverted bulls collected in the field between May and November 2012 were tested for SBV-RNA with an optimised standard operating procedure. The highest diagnostic and analytical sensitivity for the extraction of SBV in semen was found for the Trizol(®) LS Reagent lysis with or without combined purification of the viral RNA with magnetic beads. A total of 29 of 766 semen batches from 11 of 95 SBV-infected bulls were PCR-positive (Cq-values 26-37). Intermittent virus excretion was observed in 2 of the bulls. SBV-RNA-positive semen was coincidentally detected with early SBV-antibodies in 4 bulls. In bulls that showed seroconversion together with consecutive positive semen batches, SBV-RNA was predominantly found in the seminal cell fraction, while in bulls with single positive results only, SBV-RNA was detected exclusively in the seminal plasma. PMID:24100006

Hoffmann, Bernd; Schulz, Claudia; Beer, Martin

2013-12-27

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Sperm ubiquitination in epididymal feline semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ubiquitin is a 8.5-kDa peptide that tags other proteins for proteasomal degradation. It has been proposed that ubiquitination might be responsible for the elimination of defective spermatozoa during transit through the epididymis in humans and cattle, but its exact biological function in seminal plasma has not yet been clarified. In the domestic cat (Felis catus), the percentage of immature, unviable, and abnormal spermatozoa decreases during the epididymal transit, indicating the existence of a mechanism that removes defective spermatozoa. Magnetic cell separation techniques, based on the use of magnetic beads coated with anti-ubiquitin antibodies, may allow the selective capture of ubiquitinated spermatozoa from semen, thus contributing to the identification of a potential correlation between semen quality and ubiquitination process. Moreover, the selective identification of all the ubiquitinated proteins in different epididymal regions could give a better understanding of the ubiquitin role in feline sperm maturation. The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to verify the possibility of separating ubiquitinated spermatozoa with magnetic ubiquitin beads and identify the morphological and acrosomal differences between whole sample and unbound gametes, (2) to characterize all the ubiquitinated proteins in spermatozoa retrieved in the three epididymal regions by a proteomic approach. The data indicated the presence of ubiquitinated proteins in cat epididymal semen. However, a correlation between abnormal and ubiquitinated spermatozoa has not been found, and ubiquitin cannot be considered as a biomarker of quality of epididymal feline spermatozoa. To the author's knowledge, this is the first identification of all the ubiquitinated proteins of cat spermatozoa collected from different epididymal regions. The proteomic pattern allows a further characterization of cat epididymal semen and represents a contribute to a better understanding of the ubiquitin role in feline sperm maturation. PMID:24999010

Vernocchi, Valentina; Morselli, Maria Giorgia; Varesi, Sara; Nonnis, Simona; Maffioli, Elisa; Negri, Armando; Tedeschi, Gabriella; Luvoni, Gaia Cecilia

2014-09-01

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Correlations between Different Heavy Metals in Diverse Body Fluids: Studies of Human Semen Quality  

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It has been hypothesized that exposure to heavy metals may impair male reproduction. To measure the effect produced by low doses of heavy metals on semen parameters, it is necessary to clarify in which body fluids those measurements must be performed. Sixty-one men attending infertility clinics participated in our study. Concentrations of lead, cadmium, and mercury were measured in whole blood, blood plasma, and seminal plasma using spectroanalytical and electrochemical methods. Semen analyse...

Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón; Jaime Mendiola; Manuela Roca; José J. López-Espín; José J. Guillén; Moreno, Jos Amp M.; Stella Moreno-Grau; María J. Martínez-García; Nuria Vergara-Juárez; Elvira-rendueles, Bel Amp N.; Antonio García-Sánchez; Jorge Ten; Rafael Bernabeu; Torres-cantero, Alberto M.

2012-01-01

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Hepatitis C virus detection in the semen of infected patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Though HCV infection is a serious public health problem, some aspects of its biology are still not well understood, such as its transmission through seminal fluid and sexual transmission. We looked for HCV in the semen of infected patients. Thirteen patients were included. Semen fractions (seminal p [...] lasma, leukocytes and spermatozoa) were separated with 45% and 90% Percoll gradients. The HCV-RNA in blood and semen fractions was extracted using the same protocol (AMPLICOR Roche) and was detected using the qualitative Roche Amplicor test and by agarose gel electrophoresis, with ethidium bromide staining. The mean age of the patients was 40.7 years. Risk factors for the acquisition of HCV included injectable and inhaled drug use in six (42.8%), blood transfusion in four (28.6%), and no risk factors in four (28.6%) patients. Genotype 1 was detected in 62% of the patients, followed by genotype 3 in 23% and genotype 2 in 15%. All blood samples were positive, regardless of the technique used for detection. All semen samples identified by Roche Amplicor and analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis were negative. Among the 52 semen samples (total and fractions) identified by the Roche Amplicor method, 45 (87%) were inhibited. A negative result was recorded for one (1.9%) total semen sample, one (1.9%) leukocyte and four (7.7%) seminal plasma fractions. Only one (1.9%) sample of the spermatozoon fraction was positive. The results obtained suggested false-negative reactions for the semen samples.

Norma de Paula, Cavalheiro; Ana Carolina de Oliveira, Santos; Carlos Eduardo, Melo; Suzana Rie, Morimitsu; Antonio Alci, Barone.

77

Hepatitis C virus detection in the semen of infected patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Though HCV infection is a serious public health problem, some aspects of its biology are still not well understood, such as its transmission through seminal fluid and sexual transmission. We looked for HCV in the semen of infected patients. Thirteen patients were included. Semen fractions (seminal p [...] lasma, leukocytes and spermatozoa) were separated with 45% and 90% Percoll gradients. The HCV-RNA in blood and semen fractions was extracted using the same protocol (AMPLICOR Roche) and was detected using the qualitative Roche Amplicor test and by agarose gel electrophoresis, with ethidium bromide staining. The mean age of the patients was 40.7 years. Risk factors for the acquisition of HCV included injectable and inhaled drug use in six (42.8%), blood transfusion in four (28.6%), and no risk factors in four (28.6%) patients. Genotype 1 was detected in 62% of the patients, followed by genotype 3 in 23% and genotype 2 in 15%. All blood samples were positive, regardless of the technique used for detection. All semen samples identified by Roche Amplicor and analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis were negative. Among the 52 semen samples (total and fractions) identified by the Roche Amplicor method, 45 (87%) were inhibited. A negative result was recorded for one (1.9%) total semen sample, one (1.9%) leukocyte and four (7.7%) seminal plasma fractions. Only one (1.9%) sample of the spermatozoon fraction was positive. The results obtained suggested false-negative reactions for the semen samples.

Norma de Paula, Cavalheiro; Ana Carolina de Oliveira, Santos; Carlos Eduardo, Melo; Suzana Rie, Morimitsu; Antonio Alci, Barone.

2008-10-01

78

Cryopreservation of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) semen in Bioxcell extender.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to compare commercially available extender Bioxcell with tris-citric egg yolk extender for post thaw quality and in vivo fertility of buffalo semen. For comparison of post thaw semen quality: semen was collected from five adult Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls of similar age group with artificial vagina (at 42 degrees C) for three weeks (replicates). Qualifying ejaculates having motility >60% from each buffalo bull were divided in two aliquots and diluted (at 37 degrees C having 50 x 10(6) spermatozoa/ml) in tris-citric egg yolk or Bioxcell extender. Diluted semen was cooled to 4 degrees C in 2 hours, equilibrated for 4 hours and filled in 0.5 ml straws. Semen straws were kept over liquid nitrogen vapors (5 cm) for 10 minutes. Straws were then plunged and stored in liquid nitrogen (-196 degrees C). After 24 hours of storage, semen straws were thawed at 37 degrees C for 30 seconds to assess sperm motility, viability, plasma membrane integrity, normal apical ridge, and abnormalities (head, mid piece, and tail). For comparison of in vivo fertility: semen from two buffalo bulls of known fertility was cryopreserved in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell as described earlier, and used for inseminations under field conditions. Post-thaw percentage of sperm motility (45.3 +/- 1.1, 45.0 +/- 1.4), viability (66.2 +/- 1.1, 64.4 +/- 1.3) plasma membrane integrity (60.4 +/- 1.2, 59.2 +/- 1.4) and normal apical ridge (82.9 +/- 0.5, 80.7 +/- 0.5) did not differ (P > 0.05) in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell extender, respectively. Similarly, sperm abnormalities of head (1.20 +/- 0.1, 1.20 +/- 0.1), mid piece (0.67 +/- 0.1, 0.87 +/- 0.1) and tail (11.7 +/- 0.2, 11.6 +/- 0.3) remained similar (P > 0.05) in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell extender, respectively. In vivo fertility rates of buffalo semen cryopreserved in tris-citric egg yolk and Bioxcell also remained similar (44% vs. 47%). It is concluded that commercially available Bioxcell may be used for the cryopreservation of buffalo semen with an equal efficiency to tris-citric egg yolk extender. PMID:20570331

Akhter, S; Ansari, M S; Rakha, B A; Andrabi, S M H; Iqbal, S; Ullah, N

2010-10-01

79

Relative levels of semen platelet activating factor-receptor (PAFr) and ubiquitin in yearling bulls with high content of semen white blood cells: implications for breeding soundness evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

High content of the platelet activating factor (PAF) and its plasma membrane receptor (PAFr) in semen is thought to benefit fertility in farm animals and humans. We used flow cytometric, biochemical, and immunocytochemical analysis to examine PAFr levels alone (Trial 1, n = 156 bulls) or in a dual assay with sperm defect marker ubiquitin (UBI; Trial 2, n = 88 bulls), in semen samples from 160 yearling bulls undergoing Breeding Soundness Evaluations (BSE). In both trials, we observed increased PAFr levels in semen samples with high content of white blood cells (WBC). Consequently, PAFr levels within such semen samples correlated negatively with several subjective parameters of BSE, including palpation, satisfaction of evaluation, and scrotal circumference. Due to a high WBC content, increased semen sample dilution had to be applied for microscopic evaluation. There was a negative correlation between semen PAFr and conventional sperm morphology, while the increased levels of PAFr correlated positively with sperm UBI content. Immunofluorescence microcopy revealed high expression of PAFr on the surface of leukocytes and morphologically normal spermatozoa, while reduced immunoreactivity was observed in defective spermatozoa immunoreactive to anti-UBI antibodies. A single PAFr band of appropriate mass was observed in Western blots of ejaculated spermatozoa, while testicular and epididymal spermatozoa also displayed several larger bands indicative of posttranslational processing or modification. Collectively, these data suggest that high levels of semen PAFr in young bulls are indicative of semen contamination with WBC. In the future, objective protein marker-based semen analyses in young bulls will likely require additional parameters distinguishing between marker expression in the spermatozoa and in the contaminating WBC. While identification of high sperm PAFr levels may support fertility, this assay alone is not reliable, due to the expression of PAFr in WBC that contaminate semen samples. PMID:16928895

Sutovsky, P; Plummer, W; Baska, K; Peterman, K; Diehl, J R; Sutovsky, M

2007-01-01

80

Biochemical characterization and sperm motility parameters of ostrich (Struthio camelus) semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the study was to obtain baseline values for biochemical parameters of ostrich seminal plasma and sperm motility parameters measured by CASA. Biochemical characteristics of ostrich semen included a high protein concentration (29.3 ± 9.1g/l) and high amidase (280.6 ± 130.8 U/l) and LDH activity (1880.0 ± 983.6 U/l). On the other hand antioxidant, superoxide dismutase, anti-proteinase and acid phosphatase activity were low. Biochemical parameters of semen were variable. Motility of ostrich sperm was characterized by low linearity (23.0 ± 6.2%). The quality of undiluted semen stored at room temperature deteriorated within an hour due to agglutination and gelation. On the other hand, ostrich semen could be stored up to 4h at 5°C without loss of motility after which loss of motility occurred but could be partially mitigated using semen extenders (EK and Ovodyl). PMID:20833487

Ciereszko, A; Rybnik, P K; Horba?czuk, J O; Dietrich, G J; Deas, A; S?owi?ska, M; Liszewska, E; Malecki, I A

2010-12-01

 
 
 
 
81

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOME ENZYMES ACTIVITY, SPERM MORPHOLOGY AND STALLION SEMEN QUALITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The sperm morphology is one of the factors determining semen quality besidessperm motility and concentration. An important role in this aspect plays someenzymes which are estimated in raw semen plasma. The examination of numerouspopulations of stallions of different breeds and age performed by Kosiniak-Kamyszet al. (2005 showed that significant differences occurred between stallion semenquality concerning both macro- and microscopic examination and some enzymesactivity. It was found that aspartate aminotranspherase (AspAT, lactatedehydrogenase (LDH and alkaline phosphatase (AP activity and total proteinamount (TP in raw seminal plasma decreased when the percent of sperms withcytoplasmatic droplets increased. The increase of these enzymes activity is observedwith the increase of the number of loose heads. These observations showed thatmany examined factors of the semen and semen plasma decided on its quality and onthis reason that these factors need to be applied for seminological diagnosis

PODSTAWSKI Z.

2007-01-01

82

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOME ENZYMES ACTIVITY, SPERM MORPHOLOGY AND STALLION SEMEN QUALITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The sperm morphology is one of the factors determining semen quality besidessperm motility and concentration. An important role in this aspect plays someenzymes which are estimated in raw semen plasma. The examination of numerouspopulations of stallions of different breeds and age performed by Kosiniak-Kamyszet al. (2005 showed that significant differences occurred between stallion semenquality concerning both macro- and microscopic examination and some enzymesactivity. It was found that aspartate aminotranspherase (AspAT, lactatedehydrogenase (LDH and alkaline phosphatase (AP activity and total proteinamount (TP in raw seminal plasma decreased when the percent of sperms withcytoplasmatic droplets increased. The increase of these enzymes activity is observedwith the increase of the number of loose heads. These observations showed thatmany examined factors of the semen and semen plasma decided on its quality and onthis reason that these factors need to be applied for seminological diagnosis.

Z. PODSTAWSKI

2013-12-01

83

Semen parameters and seminal plasma protein and biochemical profiles of dogs with benign prostatic hyperplasia after botulinum toxin type A intraprostatic injection / Parâmetros seminais e perfis bioquímicos e proteicos do plasma seminal de cães com hyperplasia prostática benigna após a administração intra-prostática de toxina botulínica tipo A  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a ação de diferentes concentrações de toxina botulínica tipo A (TB-A) sobre os parâmetros seminais, perfis bioquímicos e proteicos do plasma seminal de cães com hiperplasia prostática benigna (HPB). Dezoito cães hígidos, não orquiectomizados com HPB foram [...] divididos em três grupos, os quais foram submetidos à injeção intra-prostática de solução salina (grupo controle - GC), 250UI (GI) ou 500UI (GII) de TB-A. Amostras seminais foram coletadas previamente aos tratamentos e após 2, 4 e 8 semanas. Os parâmetros seminais assim como os valores de pH e concentrações de proteínas totais (TP), cloretos totais (CT), cálcio (Ca), potássio (K), sódio (Na) do plasma seminal foram mensurados após as coletas. O perfil proteico do fluido prostático foi estabelecido por meio de eletroforese SDS-PAGE. Não foram constatadas diferenças significativas quanto aos parâmetros espermáticos e perfil bioquímico do plasma seminal intragrupos e intergrupos (P>0,05). À SDS-PAGE foram identificadas 31 bandas proteicas com pesos moleculares de 3,9 a 106,2kDA, em todos os tratamentos e durante todo o período de avaliação. Dessa forma, concluiu-se que, independentemente da dose utilizada, a injeção intra-prostática de TB-A não altera os parâmetros seminais, assim como os perfis bioquímico e proteico do plasma seminal de cães com HPB. Abstract in english This study aimed to determine the effects of different concentrations of botulinum toxin type A (BT-A) on semen parameters, and seminal plasma biochemical and protein profiles of dogs with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Eighteen sexually intact male dogs with BPH were randomly divided in three [...] groups, and received an intraprostatic injection of saline solution (control group - CG), 250UI (GI) or 500UI (GII) of BT-A under transabdominal ultrasound guidance. Semen was collected at baseline, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after treatment. Semen parameters were determined and seminal plasma pH, total protein (TP), total chlorides (TC), calcium (Ca), potassium (K), and sodium (Na) concentrations were assessed. One-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfatepolyacrilamide gel eletrophoresis (SDS- PAGE) was performed to determine seminal plasma protein profile. Sperm parameters and seminal plasma pH, TP, TC, Ca and K mean values did not change significantly at any time point and among treated groups (P>0.05). The SDS-PAGE analysis of the pooled fractions identified 31 protein bands with molecular weights ranging from 3.9 to 106.2kDA in all treatment groups during the entire evaluation period. Regardless the used dose, intraprostatic BT-A injection do not alter semen parameters and seminal plasma biochemical and protein profiles of dogs with BPH.

Tathiana Ferguson, Motheo; Aracélle Elisane, Alves; Giuliano Queiroz, Mostachio; Maricy, Apparício; Alexandre Pinto, Ribeiro; Fabiana Ferreira de, Souza; Maria Denise, Lopes; Wilter Ricardo Russiano, Vicente.

1113-11-01

84

Alpaca semen quality in relation to different diets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the biochemical composition of seminal plasma, along with semen quality, of alpacas maintained on different diets (hay; hay+pasture grazing; pasture grazing+sheep concentrate; pasture grazing+horse concentrate; Periods 1-4, respectively). Alpacas (n=5) were fed the four different diets for a period of 6 weeks each. During the period of feeding of each diet, semen was collected using an artificial vagina to determine its volume, viscosity, sperm concentration and sperm motility. Moreover, testicular volume and body condition score were evaluated. Seminal plasma was analysed biochemically to measure total protein, triglyceride, cholesterol, ?-glutamyl transferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase levels. Protein profiles were investigated using one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. There was high variability in semen parameters between different males maintained on the same diet. Semen volume increased significantly (Psemen quality, as well as some parameters related to the composition of alpaca seminal plasma, that are dependent on diet, which may indicate the need for specific diet formulation to improve reproductive performance. We hypothesise that, in alpacas, the mechanisms underlying the changes in some reproductive traits in response to feeding regimens could be related to changes in the endocrine-gonadal system. PMID:22951252

Juyena, N S; Vencato, J; Pasini, G; Vazzana, I; Stelletta, C

2013-01-01

85

9 CFR 98.36 - Animal semen from Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Animal semen from Canada. 98.36 Section 98.36 Animals...Semen § 98.36 Animal semen from Canada. (a) General importation requirements for animal semen from Canada. If the product is . . ....

2010-01-01

86

Effect of dietary parsley (Petroselinium crispum supplementation on semen quality of local Iraqi ganders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with different levels of parsley on semen quality of local Iraqi ganders. A total of thirty two local ganders were used in this study during the period from beginning of February to the end of April. The ganders were allocated for 4 treatment groups containing 8 ganders each. Treatment groups were as follows: Control diet (free from parsley, T1: Control diet + 80 g/d parsley, T2: Control diet + 160 g/d parsley; T3: Control diet + 240 g/d parsley. Semen samples were collected twice a week fortnightly from each gander by dorsal-abdominal message method. First semen collection was used to evaluate semen volume, sperm concentration, live in total sperm, live and normal morphology sperm, semen quality factor, sperm motility, abnormal sperm, acrosomal abnormalities, spermatocrit and pH of semen. However, the second semen collection was used for determine seminal plasma concentrations of glucose, protein, cholesterol & activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST, alanine aminotransferase (ALT and alkaline phosphatase (ALP enzymes. Results revealed that feeding diets containing different levels of parsley (T1, T2, and T3 resulted in significant (P<0.05 increase in semen volume, sperm concentration, live and normal morphology sperm, semen quality factor, sperm motility, spermatocrit and seminal plasma activity of ALP enzyme and significant (P< 0.05 decrease in abnormal sperm and acrosomal abnormalities and seminal plasma concentrations of glucose, protein, and cholesterol and seminal plasma activities of AST and ALT enzymes as compared with control group. There was no significant difference in pH of semen among the control and experimental groups (C, T1, T2, and T3. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with different levels of parsley especially at the level of 240 g/d (T3 caused significant improve- ment with relation to semen traits. So, parsley can be used as an effective tool for improve semen quality of ganders.

Hazim J. Al-Daraji,

2011-08-01

87

Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity in avian semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study compared the antioxidant system and lipid peroxidation in semen of two avian species: chicken and goose. The experiment was conducted on Greenleg Partridge roosters and White Koluda(®) ganders, each represented by 10 mature males. Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined in sperm cells and seminal plasma. In gander spermatozoa, the amount of MDA was 10 times greater (Prooster spermatozoa. Each of the investigated antioxidant enzymes had greater (P<0.01) activity in goose than chicken sperm. Catalase activity was detected in seminal plasma and spermatozoa from both studied species for the first time. In seminal plasma, the activity of GPx was two times greater (P<0.01) in the White Koluda(®) than in chickens, whereas SOD activity was less (P<0.01) than in chickens. This is the first study describing the presence of CAT in avian semen and the occurrence of indicator of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in geese. Data from the present study clearly show the species-specific differences in the activity of antioxidant defense and LPO. The greater amount of lipid peroxidation and greater activity of antioxidant enzymes in goose semen might suggest that spermatozoa were under greater oxidative stress and the enzymes were not utilized for the protection of functionally and structurally impaired cells. In turn, in fresh chicken semen a lesser activity of antioxidant enzymes accompanied with a lesser lipid peroxidation amount and good semen quality could indicate that fowl spermatozoa were under oxidative stress, but the enzymes were employed to protect and maintain sperm quality. PMID:22884394

Partyka, Agnieszka; Lukaszewicz, Ewa; Ni?a?ski, Wojciech

2012-10-01

88

Kualitas Semen Beku Kuda dalam Pengencer Susu Skim dan Dimitropoulos dengan Dimetilformamida Sebagai Krioprotektan  

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Full Text Available Equine semen are far less tolerant in the freezing and thawing process than bull semen. The stallion spermatozoa are known susceptible to cold-shock relating with the content of their fatty acid on the plasma membrane. The extender is one of determining factors in the success of stallion semen cryopreservation, as an energy source and protector the cell from harmfull effect of cold shock. The common cryoprotective agent (CPA for mammalian spermatozoa was glycerol, but for stallion semen cryopreservation, dimethyl formamide (DMF was more suitable. This research was conducted to compare the success of the stallion semen cryopreservation in skim milk and dimitropoulos (DV extender with DMF as cryoprotectant. Semen from three sexualy mature stallions was collected twice a week using an artificial vagina. Semen was evaluated macro- and microscopically and then divided into two tubes, diluted each of them with skim milk dan DV extender (1:1, centrifuged at 3 000 rpm for 15 minutes. The supernatant was removed and the pellet (spermatozoa was re-diluted in skim DMF (SDMF and DVDMF extender with the concentration of spermatozoa was 200x106 ml-1. The semen then packed in 0.3ml minitub straw equilibrated for two hours at 4-5oC and frezee in liquid N2 vapor for 10 minutes. The assessment of sperm quality was conducted based on the percentage of sperm motility and viability. In this research, post-thawed semen in DVDMF showed the percentages of the motility (36.2% and the viability (59.3% higher (P<0.05 than SDMF (28.5 and 48.0 %. In conclusion, the DVDMF extender provided better post-thawed semen quality than SDMF.

I. Arifiantini

2007-08-01

89

Intra-Union Trade in Equine Semen  

Intra-trade Animal Health Certificate (ITAHC) for equine semen: ..... and/or the \\embryos, which is so constructed that it protects those products and the .... verify \\the identity of the individual containers of semen and supervise their transfer.

90

Biochemical characteristics and sperm production of turkey semen in relation to strain and age of the males.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effect of turkey strain [BUT (Big-6), Hybrid Large White (HLW), and Nicholas (N-700)] on semen quantitative parameters (ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, and total number of sperm) and biochemical parameters (seminal plasma protein concentration, acid phosphatase activity in spermatozoa and seminal plasma, and antiproteinase activity of seminal plasma) was investigated over the reproductive period. The Big-6 strain had better quantitative parameters of semen compared with HLW and N-700 strains. Besides protein concentration, the Big-6 strain had the highest level of acid phosphatase activity in semen and antiproteinase activity in seminal plasma. The N-700 strain was characterized by reduced quantitative parameters and the lowest levels of all biochemical parameters in semen. While quantitative parameters of semen showed very little trend over the 21 wk of the reproductive season, the biochemical parameters increased several fold. Biochemical parameters of semen seemed to be more affected than quantitative parameters by age of the males. These changes may be related to decreasing semen quality with increasing age of male turkeys. PMID:16463974

Kot?owska, M; Glogowski, J; Dietrich, G J; Koz?owski, K; Faruga, A; Jankowski, J; Ciereszko, A

2005-11-01

91

Superoxide Dismutase: A Predicting Factor for Boar Semen Characteristics for Short-Term Preservation  

Science.gov (United States)

Superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in seminal plasma were evaluated on the basis of receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis as predictors for distinguishing satisfactory from unsatisfactory boar semen samples after storage. SOD on day 0 correlated significantly with progressive motility (r = ?0.686; P 85%, motility > 70%, progressive motility > 25%, and normal morphology > 50%) had significantly lower SOD levels on the day 0 than those with at least one criterion not fulfilled (P < 0.05) following storage. SOD levels of less than 1.05?U/mL predicted with 87.5% accuracy that fresh semen will suit the requirements for satisfactory semen characteristics after storage, while semen with SOD levels higher than 1.05?U/mL will not fulfill with 100% accuracy at least one semen characteristic after storage. These results support the proposal that SOD in fresh boar semen can be used as a predictor of semen quality after storage. PMID:24729963

Nemec Svete, Alenka

2014-01-01

92

Cryopreservation of boar semen. I: A literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present review summarizes information concerning the methods available to cryopreserve boar semen, covering the historical background, cryobiology and cryoprotecting considerations, technological developments and recent advances in cryopreservation methodologies. Successful methods for cryopreservation of boar semen have not been achieved despite numerous efforts world wide. Improvements in semen preservation technologies have been deterred by lack of in vitro methods that can accurately predict in vivo fertilizing capacity of frozen boar semen. The cell membrane is of crucial importance with regard to freeze-thaw survival of spermatozoa. It is important to optimize the survival of the plasma membrane as this is a non homogenous entity both in structure and function. The boar sperm membrane exhibits extreme sensitivity to freezing treatment. Freezing and thawing results in considerable changes in electrolyte dynamics and damages have mainly been associated with alterations in the head membranes especially at thawing. To date fruitless efforts have been carried out to find a cryoprotectant for the spermatozoa membranes and glycerol still continues to be used despite its harmful effects to the membranes. PMID:1818503

Bwanga, C O

1991-01-01

93

Histochemical demonstration of zinc ions in ejaculated human semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

A revised in-vitro technique for autometallographic demonstration of chelatable zinc in the human ejaculate is presented, and the localization of the loosely bound pool of zinc ions is described in semen smears and at the ultrastructural level. In semen smears, black autometallographic (AMG) grains indicated the presence of zinc ions dispersed between the spermatozoa. These AMG grains have the same size as grains associated with the sperm tail and may have the same origin. EM analysis of AMG-developed smears fixed in osmium suggested that the detected zinc ions might be related to huge protein molecules present in semen and adhering to the surface of the spermatozoa. Spermatozoa in AMG-stained smears exhibited zinc ions in the midpiece and head, and also joined to the membrane of the tail. Washed spermatozoa exhibited zinc ions only within the midpiece. Ultrastructurally, they were found located in the helecine mitochondria. A few grains were found in the acrosome of the washed spermatozoa. Treatment with the chelating agent DEDTC resulted in complete bleaching of the zinc staining. These findings and the fact that calcium EDTA acid blocks the plasma and surface staining, but not the acrosomal and mitochondrial staining, suggest that chelatable zinc ions exist in two separate pools in human semen. PMID:9401826

Stoltenberg, M; Sørensen, M B; Danscher, G

1997-08-01

94

Histochemical demonstration of zinc ions in ejaculated human semen  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A revised in-vitro technique for autometallographic demonstration of chelatable zinc in the human ejaculate is presented, and the localization of the loosely bound pool of zinc ions is described in semen smears and at the ultrastructural level. In semen smears, black autometallographic (AMG) grains indicated the presence of zinc ions dispersed between the spermatozoa. These AMG grains have the same size as grains associated with the sperm tail and may have the same origin. EM analysis of AMG-developed smears fixed in osmium suggested that the detected zinc ions might be related to huge protein molecules present in semen and adhering to the surface of the spermatozoa. Spermatozoa in AMG-stained smears exhibited zinc ions in the midpiece and head, and also joined to the membrane of the tail. Washed spermatozoa exhibited zinc ions only within the midpiece. Ultrastructurally, they were found located in the helecine mitochondria. A few grains were found in the acrosome of the washed spermatozoa. Treatment with thechelating agent DEDTC resulted in complete bleaching of the zinc staining. These findings and the fact that calcium EDTA acid blocks the plasma and surface staining, but not the acrosomal and mitochondrial staining, suggest that chelatable zinc ions exist in two separate pools in human semen.

Stoltenberg, M; SØrensen, M B

1997-01-01

95

Efecto de dos métodos de congelación sobre la viabilidad espermática de semen de verraco / Effect of two freezing methods on sperm viability of boar semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dos métodos de congelación sobre la viabilidad espermática de semen de verraco. Se utilizaron seis eyaculados (dos por macho), de tres verracos adultos de las razas Hampshire, Duroc y Landrace. Se evaluó el volumen, motilidad y concentración [...] espermática de cada eyaculado. Posteriormente, el semen fue diluido con solución BTS (Beltsville Thawing Solution) y centrifugado a 1500 rpm por 10 min para retirar el plasma. El pellet (porción espermática) obtenido fue extendido con dilutor de congelación (A y B), enfriado y equilibrado a 5 °C por 2 horas previas a la congelación. El semen equilibrado fue criopreservado usando dos métodos de congelamiento: a) en pellets colocando alícuotas de 0.25 ml de semen equilibrado en agujeros preparados en la superficie del bloque de hielo seco manteniéndolo por 2 min y luego vertiéndolo al nitrógeno líquido; y b) en pajillas de 0.5 ml, exponiéndolas al vapor de nitrógeno líquido a 7 cm de altura por 10 min (dentro de una caja de tecnopor) para luego verterlas al nitrógeno liquido. No se encontró diferencias significativas entre la motilidad individual y proporción de espermatozoides vivos del semen congelado en pellets (40.1 y 48.8%) vs. pajillas (34.5 y 40.7%), respectivamente. Abstract in english The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of two freezing methods on the spermatic viability of boar semen. Six collects (2 ejaculates per male) of three adult boars (Hampshire, Duroc and Landrace) were used. Immediately after the collection, volume, motility and spermatic concentr [...] ation of each ejaculate were evaluated. Then, the semen was diluted with BTS solution (Beltsville Thawing Solution) and centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 10 min for plasma withdrawal. The pellet (spermatic portion) was diluted with freezing dilutor (A and B), cooled and equilibrated at 5 °C for two hours before freezing. The equilibrated semen was cryopreserved using two freezing methods: a) in pellets placing 0.25 ml aliquota of semen in holes prepared on the surface of a dry ice block for 20 min and then, pouring them in liquid nitrogen; and b) in straws of 0.5 ml exposing them at 7 cm over liquid nitrogen steam for 10 min (in a styrofoam box). The results showed no statistically differences amongst individual motility and live spermatozoa percentage in semen frozed in pellets (40.1 and 48.8%) as compared to straws (34.5 and 40.7%).

Mateo, Carpio C.; José, Cadillo C.; Edwin, Mellisho S..

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Liquid storage of goat semen in chemically defined extenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

The suitability of certain commercial and self-made chemically defined extenders for liquid storage of goat semen was tested and the effects of storage temperatures, dilution rates and sperm washing and pH of extenders on the goat sperm during liquid storage were observed. Semen was collected from nine goat bucks of the Lubei White and Boer breeds using an artificial vagina. Each ejaculate after initial evaluation was diluted with a specific extender, cooled and stored at a desired temperature. Stored semen was evaluated for sperm motility and other parameters every 24 or 48 h of storage. The ranking order of the existing milk- and yolk-free extenders in sustaining goat sperm motility was Androhep > Zorlesco > Beltsville thawing solution > the Tris-glucose medium. The new extender (mZA) which was formulated based on Zorlesco and Androhep was more suitable for goat sperm than Androhep. The mZAP extender with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) replaced with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) worked as efficiently as the mZA in maintaining sperm motility, membrane integrity, acrosome intactness and capacitation status. Goat sperm motility was best maintained at 5 degrees C during liquid preservation, but decreased significantly as the temperature increased. When semen was sixfold diluted, sperm motility was maintained longer (p semen was 11-fold diluted. When the extender pH was adjusted from 6.6 to 6.04, the efficiency increased significantly in both Androhep and mZAP. A forward sperm motility of 34% was maintained for 9 days when buck semen was 11-fold diluted and stored at 5 degrees C in mZAP, with pH adjusted to 6.04. It is concluded that for liquid storage of buck semen, the mZA extender was more suitable than other extenders; BSA can be replaced with PVA in mZA; centrifugation to remove seminal plasma can be omitted by adequate dilution; and the storage temperature and pH of extenders affected sperm motility significantly. PMID:19019073

Xu, C-L; Zhou, J-B; Zhao, B-T; Lan, G-C; Luo, M-J; Chang, Z-L; Sui, H-S; Tan, J-H

2009-10-01

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In vivo fertility of bull semen following cryopreservation with an LDL (low density lipoprotein) extender: preliminary results of artificial inseminations.  

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A semen extender made with low density lipoproteins (LDL) has been used instead of a standard extender that is already available on the market for the cryopreservation of bovine semen. However, in order to extend its use to artificial insemination centres, in vivo fertility studies were required. Semen was taken from three bulls and frozen-thawed in two extenders: the LDL extender and a standard Tris-egg-yolk (20%) extender used by AI centres. The quality of the semen was assessed prior to artificial insemination: motility was assessed using an image analyser (Computer Assisted Semen Analysis (Hamilton Thorne)), and the integrity of the plasma membrane was assessed using the hypo-osmotic test (HOS test). For the first time, gestations were obtained following the artificial insemination of cows in the field (n=193) with semen that had been frozen-thawed in the LDL extender. No significant difference (p>0.05) was detected between the success rates of AI between the semen that had been frozen-thawed in the LDL extender (59.2%) and the control extender, Tris-20% egg yolk (65.3%). In conclusion, the in vivo fertility of semen that has been frozen-thawed in the LDL extender is maintained since gestations are obtained following AI. PMID:20961718

Amirat-Briand, L; Bencharif, D; Vera-Munoz, O; Pineau, S; Thorin, C; Destrumelle, S; Desherces, S; Anton, M; Jouan, M; Shmitt, E; Tainturier, D

2010-12-01

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9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...prior to the collection of semen. (iii) During the 60-day isolation/collection period, the boars offered for collection of semen shall be subjected to the following...Technical information on laboratory methods and procedures for these...

2010-01-01

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Effect of centrifugation and sugar supplementation on the semen cryopreservation of captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu).  

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The present study is aimed at evaluating the effect of centrifugation for seminal plasma removal and the supplementation of fructose or glucose to the Tris-based extender on the kinematic patterns of the motility parameters of frozen-thawed semen obtained from captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu). Semen samples (n = 14) were collected from 10 sexually mature male collared peccaries by electroejaculation. These samples were further evaluated for parameters such as motility, vigor, sperm viability, membrane integrity, and sperm morphology. The samples were divided into four aliquots, and only two of these aliquots were centrifuged. The semen aliquots (centrifuged and raw semen samples) were diluted in Tris-based extenders supplemented with fructose or glucose. Egg yolk (20%) and glycerol (3%) were added to all the samples which were cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen and thawed at 37 °C/1 min. The frozen-thawed semen was evaluated for the same parameters described for the fresh semen. On the other hand, the kinematic motility patterns were evaluated by a computer-aided system. After thawing, it was observed that the values for the total sperm motility were around 30% for all the samples. A negative effect of centrifugation was verified for parameters such as sperm morphology, linearity, straightness, and beat cross frequency (P 0.05). In conclusion, it is not recommended to centrifuge the ejaculates from collared peccaries prior to conducting the cryopreservative procedures using a Tris-based extender supplemented with fructose or glucose. PMID:20858475

Castelo, T S; Bezerra, F S B; Lima, G L; Alves, H M; Oliveira, I R S; Santos, E A A; Peixoto, G C X; Silva, A R

2010-12-01

100

Evaluation of superoxide dismutase activity and its impact on semen quality parameters of infertile men.  

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Full Text Available The evaluation of superoxide dismutase (SOD activity, as one of the most important antioxidative defence enzymes, in seminal plasma of patients consulting for male infertility was presented in the article. The study included also the determination of its influence on selected human semen quality parameters. The material represents semen samples obtained from 15 men, which were divided into two groups: Group I (n=10 including patients consulting for infertility and Group II (n=5 containing healthy sperm donors as a control. All of the semen samples were cryopreserved and stored in liquid nitrogen. The frozen samples were thawed at the same time and then SOD activity was determined spectrophotometrically. The analysis of the investigations results indicates a significantly lower semen SOD activity detected in oligoasthenozoospermic patients, comparing to the activity found in normospermic men. The study showed a positive correlation between SOD activity in seminal plasma and semen quality parameters--sperm concentration and overall motility, which are regarded as the most important for normal fertilizing ability of the spermatozoa. Significantly lower SOD activity in seminal plasma of infertile patients, comparing to healthy sperm donors, as well as positive correlation and beneficial impact of SOD activity on human semen quality parameters seem to confirm the observations, that decreased seminal plasma scavenger antioxidant capacity, particularly in form of low SOD activity, can be responsible for male infertility. This trial shows that SOD activity survey in seminal plasma could be a useful tool for determining sperm fertilization potential and could improve the diagnosis of male infertility.

Jolanta Saczko

2008-04-01

 
 
 
 
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The measurement of reactive oxygen species in human neat semen and in suspended spermatozoa: a comparison  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background It is generally accepted that oxidative stress is an important factor in male infertility because it may impair the physiological function of spermatozoa at the molecular level. Nevertheless, although several approaches have been reported, the imbalance between production of reactive oxygen species (ROS and activity of the antioxidant defense system in semen is difficult to investigate and remains poorly understood. Methods This study compares measurement of ROS production in neat semen and in washed spermatozoa obtained from the same ejaculate, and suspended in phosphate buffered saline using exactly the same luminol-mediated chemiluminescence method. Ninety one samples were obtained from males of infertile couples and 34 from volunteers with proven fertility. Results As expected, ROS levels were markedly lower in neat semen than in washed spermatozoa suspensions where seminal plasma with its potent antioxidant capacity was removed. In the cases of both neat semen and washed spermatozoa, ROS production was lowest in samples from normozoospermic males and highest in samples containing more than half million peroxidase-positive leukocytes per milliliter. For all samples, there was a significant positive correlation between ROS production by neat semen and that by washed spermatozoa suspension. Conclusion Measurement of ROS production in neat semen better reflects actual oxidative status because it detects only the overproduction of ROS which are not effectively scavenged by antioxidant capacity of seminal fluid. The results of our study show a good commutability of both measurements for identification of semen samples with high ROS production. The measurement in neat semen is even less time consuming and therefore easier to implement into laboratory routine.

Brezinova Jana

2009-10-01

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Biokompatibilitas Semen Zinc Oxide Eugenol  

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Bahan kedokteran gigi hams memenuhi syarat biokompatibilitas yang dapat diterima tubuh atau dengan kata lain tidak membahayakan dalam penggunaannya. Idealnya bahan yang diletakkan dalam rongga mulut tidak membahayakan jaringan pulpa dan jaringan lunak rongga mulut, tidak mengandung bahan toksik yang mampu berdifusi dan dapat diabsorpsi ke dalam sistem sirkulasi tubuh yang akhirya menyebabkan reaksi toksik yang sistemik. Semen zinc oxide eugenol dengan kandungan utamanya zinc oxide dan e...

Trisna Wahyudi

2008-01-01

103

Detection of HIV and HCV RNA in semen from Brazilian coinfected men using multiplex PCR before and after semen washing / Detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV em sêmen de homens brasileiros, usando PCR multiplex antes e depois do "semen washing"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O aumento da sobrevida dos pacientes que utilizam terapêutica antiretroviral altamente eficaz (HAART- Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy) trouxe uma nova demanda de casais sorodiscordantes que desejam filhos. Como esses casais não podem abandonar o uso de preservativos, torna-se indispensável trat [...] ar o sêmen infectado com técnicas laboratoriais eficazes que além de isolar os melhores espermatozóides, reduzam a carga viral do HIV e HCV a níveis indetectáveis. Para isso, são utilizadas técnicas de semen washing, associadas a testes ultra sensíveis de biologia molecular. Após análise seminal, sêmen de 20 pacientes co-infectados HIV-HCV foram submetidos a fracionamento celular e isolamento de espermatozóides móveis através de método de densidade de gradiente descontínuo e swim-up. Posteriormente, testes para detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV foram aplicados nos sêmens totais e frações seminais obtidas. Em fase pré semen washing, o HIV foi detectado em 100% dos semens totais. Contrariamente, o HCV foi detectado em apenas uma amostra. Em fase pós semen washing, o HIV e HCV não foram detectados em nenhuma das frações seminais. A redução do HIV e do HCV através de semen washing mostra-se um método eficaz a indivíduos co-infectados HIV-HCV, apesar do encontro do HCV no sêmen ser raro. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Prolonged survival of patients under HAART has resulted in new demands for assisted reproductive technologies. HIV serodiscordant couples wish to make use of assisted reproduction techniques in order to avoid viral transmission to the partner or to the newborn. It is therefore essentia [...] l to test the effectiveness of techniques aimed at reducing HIV and HCV loads in infected semen using molecular biology tests. METHODS: After seminal analysis, semen samples from 20 coinfected patients were submitted to cell fractioning and isolation of motile spermatozoa by density gradient centrifugation and swim-up. HIV and HCV RNA detection tests were performed with RNA obtained from sperm, seminal plasma and total semen. RESULTS: In pre-washing semen, HIV RNA was detected in 100% of total semen samples, whereas HCV RNA was concomitantly amplified in only one specimen. Neither HIV nor HCV were detected either in the swim-up or in the post-washing semen fractions. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of HIV and/or HCV shedding in semen by density gradient centrifugation followed by swim-up is an efficient method. These findings lead us to believe that, although semen is rarely found to contain HCV, semen processing is highly beneficial for HIV/HCV coinfected individuals.

Cynthia Liliane Motta do, Canto; Aluisio C., Segurado; Cláudio, Pannut; Agnaldo, Cedenho; Miguel, Srougi; Deborah, Spaine; Silvana, Fernandes; Nadily, Carretiero; Maria Carolina, Bernal; José Eduardo, Levi.

104

Detection of HIV and HCV RNA in semen from Brazilian coinfected men using multiplex PCR before and after semen washing Detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV em sêmen de homens brasileiros, usando PCR multiplex antes e depois do "semen washing"  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Prolonged survival of patients under HAART has resulted in new demands for assisted reproductive technologies. HIV serodiscordant couples wish to make use of assisted reproduction techniques in order to avoid viral transmission to the partner or to the newborn. It is therefore essential to test the effectiveness of techniques aimed at reducing HIV and HCV loads in infected semen using molecular biology tests. METHODS: After seminal analysis, semen samples from 20 coinfected patients were submitted to cell fractioning and isolation of motile spermatozoa by density gradient centrifugation and swim-up. HIV and HCV RNA detection tests were performed with RNA obtained from sperm, seminal plasma and total semen. RESULTS: In pre-washing semen, HIV RNA was detected in 100% of total semen samples, whereas HCV RNA was concomitantly amplified in only one specimen. Neither HIV nor HCV were detected either in the swim-up or in the post-washing semen fractions. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of HIV and/or HCV shedding in semen by density gradient centrifugation followed by swim-up is an efficient method. These findings lead us to believe that, although semen is rarely found to contain HCV, semen processing is highly beneficial for HIV/HCV coinfected individuals.O aumento da sobrevida dos pacientes que utilizam terapêutica antiretroviral altamente eficaz (HAART- Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy trouxe uma nova demanda de casais sorodiscordantes que desejam filhos. Como esses casais não podem abandonar o uso de preservativos, torna-se indispensável tratar o sêmen infectado com técnicas laboratoriais eficazes que além de isolar os melhores espermatozóides, reduzam a carga viral do HIV e HCV a níveis indetectáveis. Para isso, são utilizadas técnicas de semen washing, associadas a testes ultra sensíveis de biologia molecular. Após análise seminal, sêmen de 20 pacientes co-infectados HIV-HCV foram submetidos a fracionamento celular e isolamento de espermatozóides móveis através de método de densidade de gradiente descontínuo e swim-up. Posteriormente, testes para detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV foram aplicados nos sêmens totais e frações seminais obtidas. Em fase pré semen washing, o HIV foi detectado em 100% dos semens totais. Contrariamente, o HCV foi detectado em apenas uma amostra. Em fase pós semen washing, o HIV e HCV não foram detectados em nenhuma das frações seminais. A redução do HIV e do HCV através de semen washing mostra-se um método eficaz a indivíduos co-infectados HIV-HCV, apesar do encontro do HCV no sêmen ser raro.

Cynthia Liliane Motta do Canto

2006-08-01

105

Detection of HIV and HCV RNA in semen from Brazilian coinfected men using multiplex PCR before and after semen washing / Detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV em sêmen de homens brasileiros, usando PCR multiplex antes e depois do "semen washing"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O aumento da sobrevida dos pacientes que utilizam terapêutica antiretroviral altamente eficaz (HAART- Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy) trouxe uma nova demanda de casais sorodiscordantes que desejam filhos. Como esses casais não podem abandonar o uso de preservativos, torna-se indispensável trat [...] ar o sêmen infectado com técnicas laboratoriais eficazes que além de isolar os melhores espermatozóides, reduzam a carga viral do HIV e HCV a níveis indetectáveis. Para isso, são utilizadas técnicas de semen washing, associadas a testes ultra sensíveis de biologia molecular. Após análise seminal, sêmen de 20 pacientes co-infectados HIV-HCV foram submetidos a fracionamento celular e isolamento de espermatozóides móveis através de método de densidade de gradiente descontínuo e swim-up. Posteriormente, testes para detecção do RNA do HIV e HCV foram aplicados nos sêmens totais e frações seminais obtidas. Em fase pré semen washing, o HIV foi detectado em 100% dos semens totais. Contrariamente, o HCV foi detectado em apenas uma amostra. Em fase pós semen washing, o HIV e HCV não foram detectados em nenhuma das frações seminais. A redução do HIV e do HCV através de semen washing mostra-se um método eficaz a indivíduos co-infectados HIV-HCV, apesar do encontro do HCV no sêmen ser raro. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Prolonged survival of patients under HAART has resulted in new demands for assisted reproductive technologies. HIV serodiscordant couples wish to make use of assisted reproduction techniques in order to avoid viral transmission to the partner or to the newborn. It is therefore essentia [...] l to test the effectiveness of techniques aimed at reducing HIV and HCV loads in infected semen using molecular biology tests. METHODS: After seminal analysis, semen samples from 20 coinfected patients were submitted to cell fractioning and isolation of motile spermatozoa by density gradient centrifugation and swim-up. HIV and HCV RNA detection tests were performed with RNA obtained from sperm, seminal plasma and total semen. RESULTS: In pre-washing semen, HIV RNA was detected in 100% of total semen samples, whereas HCV RNA was concomitantly amplified in only one specimen. Neither HIV nor HCV were detected either in the swim-up or in the post-washing semen fractions. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of HIV and/or HCV shedding in semen by density gradient centrifugation followed by swim-up is an efficient method. These findings lead us to believe that, although semen is rarely found to contain HCV, semen processing is highly beneficial for HIV/HCV coinfected individuals.

Cynthia Liliane Motta do, Canto; Aluisio C., Segurado; Cláudio, Pannut; Agnaldo, Cedenho; Miguel, Srougi; Deborah, Spaine; Silvana, Fernandes; Nadily, Carretiero; Maria Carolina, Bernal; José Eduardo, Levi.

2006-08-01

106

Effectivity of Various ?-Carotene Concentration on Quality of Frozen-Thawed Semen of Garut Rams  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to evaluate the quality of frozen-thawed semen of Garut rams that cryopreserved with Tris extender containing the various ?-carotene concentrations. Semen was collected from four mature Garut rams using artificial vagina once a week. Immediately after initial evaluation, semen was divided into four parts and diluted with Tris extender containing 5% glycerol + 0% (control, 0.001% (Kt0.001, 0.002% (Kt0.002, and 0.003% (Kt0.003 ?-carotene, respectively. Semen was loaded in 0.25 ml mini straw with the concentration of 200 million motile sperm. Semen was equilibrated at 5ºC for three hours, then frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen container for 7 days. Quality of processed-semen including motility, live sperm, intact acrosomal cap (IAC, and intact plasma membrane (IPM were evaluated after diluted, equilibrated, and thawed, respectively. Concentration of malondialdehide (MDA semen after thawing were evaluated. Data were analyzed as completely randomized design with four treatments and nine replicates. Means values were compared by least significant difference test at 0.05 significant level. Results indicated that mean value of post thawing motility and live sperm for Kt0.002 (50.55% and 56.78% were significantly higher (P<0.05 than Kt0.001 (46.11% and 52.89%, Kt0.003 (46.67% and 53.33% and control (46.67% and 52.33%. Mean value of post thawing IAC and IPM for Kt0.002 (51.00% and 53.78% were significantly higher (P<0.05 than control ( 47.11% and 48.44%, but not significantly different with Kt0.001 (49.00% and 50.00%, and Kt0.003 (48.89% and 49.67%. MDA concentration of frozen-thawed semen for Kt0.001 (3.37 mg/kg, Kt0.002 (3.80 mg/kg, and Kt0.003 (4.61 mg/kg were significantly lower (P<0.05 than control (5.24 mg/kg. in conclusion, concentration of 0.002% ?-carotene in Tris extender is the optimal dose in improving frozen semen quality of garut rams. (Animal Production 7(1: 6-13 (2005 Key Words : ?-carotene, frozen-thawed semen, intact plasma membrane, MDA, Garut Rams

M Rizal

2005-01-01

107

Post-thaw sperm characteristics following long-term storage of boar semen in liquid nitrogen.  

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This study investigated the effect of long-term liquid nitrogen storage of semen from individual boars on post-thaw sperm characteristics. Ejaculates, collected from five Polish large white (PLW) and five Polish landrace (PLR) boars, were frozen using a standard cryopreservation protocol. Post-thaw analysis was performed within a week (Period 1) and 42-48 months (Period 2) of semen storage in liquid nitrogen. Post-thaw sperm assessments included total motility, mitochondrial function (JC-1/PI assay), plasma membrane integrity (SYBR-14/PI assay), osmotic resistance test (ORT), lipid peroxidation (LPO) status and DNA fragmentation, analysed by the neutral Comet assay. Individual boar variability within breed and cryostorage periods had significant effects on the analysed parameters of frozen-thawed spermatozoa. Prolonged semen storage in liquid nitrogen (Period 2) induced a marked reduction in post-thaw sperm motility, mitochondrial function and plasma membrane integrity in most of the boars. Post-thaw semen of eight boars exhibited a marked decrease in osmotic resistance of the sperm acrosomal membrane, whereas a significant increase in the sperm cryo-susceptibility to induced LPO and DNA fragmentation was observed only in three boars after long-term semen storage. Additionally, frozen-thawed spermatozoa of PLR boars exhibited significantly lower osmotic resistance of the acrosomal membrane than PLW boars following prolonged semen storage in liquid nitrogen. The results of this study provide evidence of ageing processes in frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa following prolonged cryostorage. It seems that, even though cryopreservation allows long-term semen storage in liquid nitrogen, spermatozoa from individual boars are more susceptible to cryo-induced damage. PMID:24819551

Fraser, L; Strze?ek, J; Kordan, W

2014-06-30

108

The Sperm Quality Index from Fresh Semen Predicts Chicken Semen Quality after Storage  

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Full Text Available The Sperm Quality Index (SQI is correlated with fresh broiler breeder semen quality. Our objective was to determine if the SQI from semen prior to storage is predictive of semen quality after storage. Prior to semen dilution, sperm concentration, viability, and SQI were determined for each male`s neat semen sample. Each ejaculate was then diluted 1:1 with Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender and maintained at 4oC on a rotary shaker for 16 h. After semen dilution, sperm concentration, viability, and SQI were obtained at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 16 h. The SQI increased from 0 to 4 h of storage then decreased in a quartic fashion as storage time further increased (r2=0.83. There was a linear decrease in sperm viability as storage time increased (r2=0.87. There was a negative relationship for the SQI from fresh semen with percentage of dead sperm over storage period yielding correlation coefficients ranging from r= -0.88 to -0.55. Over storage, positive correlation coefficients for the SQI from fresh semen with live sperm concentration ranged from 0.47 to 0.61. There were also strong positive correlations for percentage of dead sperm and live sperm concentration from fresh semen with their respective semen characteristic at each storage period (r=0.81 to 0.97 and r=0.80 to 0.96, respectively. There was a strong positive relationship for SQI from fresh semen with the SQI over storage (r=0.88 to 0.94. In conclusion, the SQI from semen prior to storage is predictive of chicken semen quality through 16 h of storage.

P.R. Dumpala

2006-01-01

109

Efeito de proteínas do plasma seminal eqüino com massa superior a 10 kDa concentradas 10 vezes sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen Effect of high concentration of protein of the equine seminal plasma on semen cryopreservation  

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Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da adição de concentrados de proteínas do plasma seminal (PPS) no diluente de congelamento sobre a congelabilidade do sêmen eqüino. Foram avaliados três tratamentos: um controle, no qual o sêmen foi congelado no diluente Botu-Crio®; e outros dois, com adição de 10% ou 20% (v/v) de proteínas do plasma seminal ao diluente. As maiores médias de motilidades total e progressiva foram observadas no tratamento controle, que foram superiores às obtidas com...

Marcus Antonio Pessanha Barreto; José Frederico Straggiotti Silva; Bruno Fagundes; José Renato Costa Caiado; Guilherme Valente de Souza; Aldo Shimoya

2008-01-01

110

Leakage of Phosphatases and Fertility of Buck Semen Cryopreserved under Different Freezing Modes  

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Full Text Available Present study was conducted on 160 ejaculates collected at weekly interval by artificial vagina method from 13 adult Sirohi bucks. Pooled ejaculates were diluted with Tris-egg yolk-citric acid-fructose-glycerol extender (1:4, filled and sealed in straws. Few straws of diluted semen were thawed (40° C/15 seconds and assessed for acid and alkaline phosphatases (ACP and AKP in seminal plasma of diluted semen (Control Group. Remaining semen straws were randomly grouped to constitute freezing mode groups (M1, M2, M2, and M4 and processed further for cryo-preservation of semen. Accordingly diluted semen straws were cooled @-4° C/minute from 25° C up to 5° C thereafter equilibrated for 2 hours and frozen up to -160° C @ 15, 20, 25 and 300 C/minute for M1, M2, M3 and M4 groups respectively. These frozen straws were hold at this temperature for 2 minutes then stored separately in LN2. After 7 days of storage, straws from each freezing mode group were thawed and assessed for ACP and AKP in seminal plasma. In vivo fertility trials were also conducted with straws of control (fresh diluted semen as well as freezing mode groups (frozen at different freezing rates. Least square analysis of variance for the data obtained revealed highly significant (P ? 0.01 rise in the seminal plasma ACP and AKP enzyme levels in frozen thawed semen as compared to that in fresh diluted semen. The Values of ACP and AKP also differed significantly (P ? 0.05 among all the freezing mode groups wherein lowest values of ACP were observed in M3 group followed by M4, M2 and M1 groups in increasing order whereas, lowest values of AKP were observed in M3 followed by M2, M4 and M1 groups in increasing order. Highest fertility rates were observed with semen from M3 followed by M2, M4 and M1 groups. On the basis of enzyme leakage and in-vivo fertility trials, the optimum freezing rate for cryopreservation protocol was arrived at 25° C/minute.

Sunanda Sharma

2014-12-01

111

Role of semen in altering the balance between inflammation and tolerance in the female genital tract: does it contribute to HIV risk?  

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While the main reproduction aim of semen is the transport of spermatozoa to the female genital tract, seminal plasma is a complex fluid that also carries a broad array of immunologically active molecules. Seminal plasma has been shown to contain a diverse array of anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory soluble mediators that regulate immune responses within the female reproductive tract than can facilitate fertilization. Since the natural inflammatory response to semen deposition in the female genital tract may result in recruitment of activated HIV target cells into the female genital mucosa, we discuss the constituents of semen that may increase the risk for HIV infection in women. PMID:24821528

Rametse, Cosnet L; Olivier, Abraham J; Masson, Lindi; Barnabas, Shaun; McKinnon, Lyle R; Ngcapu, Sinaye; Liebenberg, Lenine J; Jaumdally, Shameem Z; Gray, Clive M; Jaspan, Heather B; Passmore, Jo-Ann S

2014-06-01

112

Raman spectroscopic characterization and differentiation of seminal plasma  

Science.gov (United States)

Raman spectroscopy (RS) was applied for the analysis of seminal plasma in order to detect spectral parameters, which might be used for differentiating the normal and abnormal semen samples. Raman spectra of seminal plasma separated from normal and abnormal semen samples, showed a distinct difference in peak ratios between 1449 and 1418 cm-1 (P seminal plasma.

Huang, Zufang; Chen, Xiwen; Chen, Yanping; Chen, Jinhua; Dou, Min; Feng, Shangyuan; Zeng, Haishan; Chen, Rong

2011-11-01

113

Effect of straw size and thawing time on quality of cryopreserved buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to compare the effect of straw size (0.25 vs. 0.5 ml) and thawing time (30 vs. 60 sec) on the quality of cryopreserved buffalo bull semen. Sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity and viability were higher (p ? 0.05) in 0.25 ml than 0.5 ml straw, thawed at 37°C either for 30 or 60 sec. In conclusion, cryopreservation of buffalo semen in 0.25 ml straw resulted in a higher post-thaw quality. PMID:21455280

Ansari, Muhammad S; Rakha, Bushra A; Andrabi, Syed M H; Akhter, Shamim

2011-03-01

114

Semen characteristics and their ability to predict sperm cryopreservation potential of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a lack of biomarkers or indices that can be used to predict the quality of fish semen samples following the freezing and thawing cycle. In the present study, a series of semen indices were tested to assess if they could accurately forecast the cryopreservation potential of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) semen. Fresh and frozen-thawed sperm activity variables were compared, and relationships between frozen-thawed sperm activity and fertilization success were examined. In comparison with fresh sperm, activity variables of frozen-thawed spermatozoa were reduced. Of the 18 males examined, mean (± SEM) spermatocrit of fresh sperm was 40.72 ± 4.23%, osmolality of the seminal plasma 366.32 ± 4.95 mOsmol/kg, pH 8.32 ± 0.04, protein concentration 1.05 ± 0.08 mg/mL, anti-trypsin activity 153.83 ± 19.25 U/L, and total antioxidant capacity 0.15 ± 0.03 ?mol Trolox equivalents/mL. Frozen-thawed fertilization success was highly variable among males with values ranging from 18.5 to 90.2%. Regressions yielded significant positive relationships between frozen-thawed motility, velocity, track crossing frequency, and subsequent fertilization success. Sequential multiple regressions explained up to 95% of the variation in frozen-thawed sperm activity. Spermatocrit and pH of fresh semen were negatively related, whereas osmolality and antioxidant capacity were positively related to frozen-thawed motility and velocity. Each of these indices can be measured within minutes of collecting a fresh sample of semen and are thus early indicators of the capacity of semen samples to withstand cryopreservation. These results have many benefits for conservation of wild stocks, aquaculture production, and for understanding semen biology and cryobiology of fishes. PMID:21220158

Butts, I A E; Babiak, I; Ciereszko, A; Litvak, M K; S?owi?ska, M; Soler, C; Trippel, E A

2011-04-15

115

Semen characteristics and their ability to predict sperm cryopreservation potential of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

There is a lack of biomarkers or indices that can be used to predict the quality of fish semen samples following the freezing and thawing cycle. In the present study, a series of semen indices were tested to assess if they could accurately forecast the cryopreservation potential of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) semen. Fresh and frozen-thawed sperm activity variables were compared, and relationships between frozen-thawed sperm activity and fertilization success were examined. In comparison with fresh sperm, activity variables of frozen-thawed spermatozoa were reduced. Of the 18 males examined, mean (± SEM) spermatocrit of fresh sperm was 40.72 ± 4.23%, osmolality of the seminal plasma 366.32 ± 4.95 mOsmol/kg, pH 8.32 ± 0.04, protein concentration 1.05 ± 0.08 mg/mL, anti-trypsin activity 153.83 ± 19.25 U/L, and total antioxidant capacity 0.15 ± 0.03 ?mol Trolox equivalents/mL. Frozen-thawed fertilization success was highly variable among males with values ranging from 18.5 to 90.2%. Regressions yielded significant positive relationships between frozen-thawed motility, velocity, track crossing frequency, and subsequent fertilization success. Sequential multiple regressions explained up to 95% of the variation in frozen-thawed sperm activity. Spermatocrit and pH of fresh semen were negatively related, whereas osmolality and antioxidant capacity were positively related to frozen-thawed motility and velocity. Each of these indices can be measured within minutes of collecting a fresh sample of semen and are thus early indicators of the capacity of semen samples to withstand cryopreservation. These results have many benefits for conservation of wild stocks, aquaculture production, and for understanding semen biology and cryobiology of fishes.

Butts, I.A.E.; Babiak, I.

2011-01-01

116

Naturally and stimulated levels of reactive oxygen species in cooled stallion semen destined for artificial insemination.  

Science.gov (United States)

The decrease in foaling rates after artificial insemination with cooled semen warrants the search for new predictors of fertility. The objectives were to investigate levels of naturally occurring reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cooled, stored stallion semen doses for artificial insemination (AI), and their relationship with parameters of semen quality and with pregnancy rate. Semen was collected from warmblood stallions (n=15) and used to prepare commercial semen doses for AI. Sperm quality was evaluated after cooled transport to the laboratory overnight. The results were correlated with observed foaling and pregnancy rates. Hydroethidine and dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate were used as indicators for the ROS superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, respectively. Sperm morphology, motility, plasma membrane integrity and chromatin integrity were also evaluated. These variables were correlated with each other and with pregnancy rates. We found a high inter-individual variation in the ROS levels between stallions. The proportion of live, hydrogen peroxide-negative spermatozoa was correlated with progressive motility, whereas live hydrogen peroxide-negative spermatozoa and chromatin damage were negatively correlated, indicating that low levels of hydrogen peroxide were correlated with good chromatin integrity. The percentage of dead hydrogen peroxide-positive sperm was negatively related to the foaling rate. The negative relationships were stronger when combining results from both assays for ROS. These results for stored semen samples indicate that high individual variation exists for superoxide and hydrogen peroxide measurements, and that ROS status can influence sperm quality. Thus, ROS may be some of the factors influencing fertility. Moreover, combinations of ROS variables improved the correlation with fertility, indicating the usefulness of including these variables in a future model for prediction of the fertility of a semen sample. PMID:24916995

Johannisson, A; Lundgren, A; Humblot, P; Morrell, J M

2014-10-01

117

Parameters protéicosdel seminal plasma and his relation with the quality of the semen in bulls of the race nelore (bos taurus indicus) Parámetros protéicosdel plasma seminal y su relación con la calidad del semen en toros de la raza nelore (bos taurus indicus)  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence and incidence of specific protein bands onthe Nelore bulls' seminal plasma, fit for reproductive activity complete or partially. There were used 68 samples; 20 of the Census and 48 of the Blunt variety, with an average age of 4 years. In the scrotum perimeter (35,05 ± 0,49 cm and 33,30 ± 0,39 cm),corporal mass index (302,62 ± 5,87 and 284,19 ±5,15 Kg|m2) there was difference (p < 0,05) between t...

Nelson Machado; Marcelo Mungai; Ana Sánchez

2006-01-01

118

Freezability, enzyme leakage and fertility of buffalo spermatozoa in relation to the quality of semen ejaculates and extenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Forty-eight semen ejaculates from four Surti buffalo bulls were studied under split sample technique to establish the effects of initial semen quality and tris fructose yolk glycerol (TFYF), egg yolk citrate glycerol (EYCG) and lactose yolk glycerol (LYG) extenders on the freezability, fertility (based on 3412 AI) and extracellular release of spermatozoal enzymes pre and postfreezing. The overall mean activity of GOT, GPT, AKP, ACP and LDH enzymes in the postthaw seminal plasma increased significantly (Psemen samples with an initial motility above 70% than in the 12 samples in which initial motility was between 60 and 70%. The effects of interactions between motility groups, diluents and freezing periods were statistically nonsignificant for both freezability and leakage of all five enzymes. Fertility rate of frozen semen produced in TFYG diluent was significantly (Psemen and the suitablity of extenders (TFYG) in the production of frozen buffalo bull semen for better fertility rates. PMID:16726888

Dhami, A J; Kodagali, S B

1990-11-01

119

Semen analysis under photochemotherapy (PUVA-therapy)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 9 male patients with psoriasis vulgaris a semen analysis before and during photochemotherapy with 8-methoxypsoralen and UVA (PUVA) was performed to rule out drug-induced toxic damage of spermatogenesis or impairment of fertility due to scrotal hyperthermia. Two hours after oral application of 40-60 mg 8-methoxypsoralen the patients had been irradiated in UVA high intensity treatment units. PUVA-treatments were performed four times weekly until total body clearing was achieved. For complete remission 13-26 (mean 20.5) PUVA-treatments were necessary. Corresponding total UVA-doses were 35.3 - 191.0 (mean 83.2) Joule/cm2. The investigated parameters total motility, progressive motility, spermatozoa density, total spermatozoa count, spermatozoa morphology, and seminal plasma fructose remained unchanged. Only the volume of the ejaculate showed a small decrease during 3 months of therapy. From this pilot study there is no evidence, that PUVA-therapy leads to an impairment of fertility in male patients within their reproductive age. (orig.)

120

Potential factors affecting semen quality in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the major obstacles in using artificial insemination to manage genetics of elephant population in captivity is the large variations in semen quality among ejaculates within the same and among individuals. The objectives of this study were to determine the influences of (1 age (2 seasonality (3 and circulating testosterone (SrTest, triiodothyronine (SrT3 and tetraiodothyronine (SrT4, as well as seminal (4 testosterone (SpTest, zinc (SpZn and protein (SpTP on semen quality in the Asian elephant Methods Analyses, including motility, viability and morphology were performed in semen samples collected twice monthly from 13 elephant bulls (age range, 10-to 72-years by manual stimulation between July 2004 and June 2005. Serum samples obtained monthly were assessed for SrTest, SrT3, SrT4, and seminal plasma samples were evaluated for, SpTest, SpZn and SpTP. Results The highest semen quality was observed at age 23 to 43 years. Percentages of progressive motility and viable sperm were lowest at age 51 to 70 years (P Conclusion This study indicates that age and seasonality had influence on semen characteristics in the Asian elephant. The knowledge obtained in this study will improve our understanding of the reproductive biology of this species.

Pongsopavijitr Pornsawan

2008-03-01

 
 
 
 
121

Evaluation of semen quality in roosters of different age during hot climatic condition.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the semen quality of roosters of different ages during hot climatic condition. Semen from roosters (n=8/age group) of 23, 42 and 65 weeks of age was collected and evaluated for different physical parameters. The sperm membrane integrity was evaluated by hypo-osmotic swelling test, whereas sperm DNA fragmentation was assessed by Sperm Chromatin Dispersion (SCD) test. The seminal plasma cortisol level was assessed by EIA. The shed average Temperature Humidity Index (THI) during the experiment period was 79.32. Semen volume and sperm DNA fragmentation were significantly different (P?0.05) between the age groups tested. Roosters of 42 weeks age had higher semen volume and lower sperm DNA fragmentation during study period. None of the other parameters were influenced by the age of the birds. The results indicated that semen quality was affected by the age of the birds. The extreme heat condition also appears to exert a negative influence on the sperm chromatin in roosters. PMID:24440122

Shanmugam, M; Vinoth, A; Rajaravindra, K S; Rajkumar, U

2014-02-01

122

Effect of initial seminal plasma fructose concentration on goat semen storage at 5ºC / Efeito da concentração inicial de frutose sobre a conservação a 5 ºC do sêmen caprino  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Foram coletadas 24 amostras de sêmen caprino. Cada ejaculado foi dividido em 4 alíquotas, e foram diluídas em citrato-gema de ovo (CG), TRIS-gema de ovo (TG) e água de coco industrializada-gema de ovo (ACI-G), a quarta, foi centrifugada para determinação da concentração de frutose e atividade da FLA [...] 2 no PS. O sêmen foi conservado a 5 ºC e avaliado a fresco, 2, 24 e 48 h, em cada tempo foi avaliado o vigor, motilidade e alterações morfológicas. Os reprodutores foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo I-concentração de frutose >710 mg/dL e o grupo II-concentração de frutose Abstract in english Twenty-four goat semen samples were collected and divided into four aliquots, diluted with the citrate-egg yolk (CY), TRIS-egg yolk (TY) or industrialized coconut water with egg yolk (ICW-Y) extenders. The fourth aliquot was centrifuged to analyze fructose concentration and PLA2 activity on SP. The [...] semen was stored at 5ºC and evaluated at times fresh, 2, 24 and 48 h, in each time was evaluated the vigor, sperm motility and total morphological alterations. The animals were divided into two groups: group Ifructose concentration >710 mg/dL and group IIfructose concentration

B.G., Matos-Brito; I.C.S., Lima; J.F., Pereira; F.M., Barboza; M.A.B., Linard; G.V., Aguiar; A.G.V., Catunda; A.A.A., Moura; J.F., Nunes; A.C.N., Campos.

123

Effect of initial seminal plasma fructose concentration on goat semen storage at 5ºC / Efeito da concentração inicial de frutose sobre a conservação a 5 ºC do sêmen caprino  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Foram coletadas 24 amostras de sêmen caprino. Cada ejaculado foi dividido em 4 alíquotas, e foram diluídas em citrato-gema de ovo (CG), TRIS-gema de ovo (TG) e água de coco industrializada-gema de ovo (ACI-G), a quarta, foi centrifugada para determinação da concentração de frutose e atividade da FLA [...] 2 no PS. O sêmen foi conservado a 5 ºC e avaliado a fresco, 2, 24 e 48 h, em cada tempo foi avaliado o vigor, motilidade e alterações morfológicas. Os reprodutores foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo I-concentração de frutose >710 mg/dL e o grupo II-concentração de frutose Abstract in english Twenty-four goat semen samples were collected and divided into four aliquots, diluted with the citrate-egg yolk (CY), TRIS-egg yolk (TY) or industrialized coconut water with egg yolk (ICW-Y) extenders. The fourth aliquot was centrifuged to analyze fructose concentration and PLA2 activity on SP. The [...] semen was stored at 5ºC and evaluated at times fresh, 2, 24 and 48 h, in each time was evaluated the vigor, sperm motility and total morphological alterations. The animals were divided into two groups: group Ifructose concentration >710 mg/dL and group IIfructose concentration

B.G., Matos-Brito; I.C.S., Lima; J.F., Pereira; F.M., Barboza; M.A.B., Linard; G.V., Aguiar; A.G.V., Catunda; A.A.A., Moura; J.F., Nunes; A.C.N., Campos.

2013-03-01

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Parameters protéicosdel seminal plasma and his relation with the quality of the semen in bulls of the race nelore (bos taurus indicus Parámetros protéicosdel plasma seminal y su relación con la calidad del semen en toros de la raza nelore (bos taurus indicus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence and incidence of specific protein bands onthe Nelore bulls' seminal plasma, fit for reproductive activity complete or partially. There were used 68 samples; 20 of the Census and 48 of the Blunt variety, with an average age of 4 years. In the scrotum perimeter (35,05 ± 0,49 cm and 33,30 ± 0,39 cm,corporal mass index (302,62 ± 5,87 and 284,19 ±5,15 Kg|m2 there was difference (p < 0,05 between the Census and Blunt varieties respectively. With regard to corporal weight (627,70 ± 11,37 and 611,58 ± 8,66 kg; height (1,44 ± 0,01e 1,47 ±0,01m; ejaculation volume (5,82 ± 0,48 and 5,17± 0,29 mL, progressive spermatic motility (73,50 ±2,81% and 75,62 ± 0,97%, spermatic vigor (4,30 ±0,19 and 4,27 ± 0,11 and mass motility (4,27 ±0,11 and 3,33 ± 0,23 there was no difference (p>0,05. In spermatic morphology, neither was there inequality between Census and Blunt varieties, with 5,06 ± 8,20% and 5,32 ± 6,40% of mayor defects respectively; 9,91 ± 6,74% and 8,36 ±6,06% for the minor defects; and 14,76 ± 13,20% and 13,82 ± 12,61% for total defects. The electro phoresis of the seminal plasma revealed protein bands with weights between 5 and 105 KDa. In 100% of bulls fit for reproduction, there was found protein with a weight of 13 Kda, as well as bands of 20 KDa.The other protein bands showed their presence with different incidence percentages in bulls totally orpartially fit for reproductive activity. Both of the studied varieties made evident the effective reproductive adaptation under similar climate conditions.El propósito de este estudio fue investigar la presenciae incidencia de bandas proteicas específicas delplasma seminal en toros Nelore, completa y parcialmente aptos para la actividad reproductiva. Se utilizaron 68 ejemplares; 20 de variedad Padrón y 48 Mochos, con edad media de 4 años. En el perímetro escrotal (35,05±0,49 cm e 33,30±0,39cm, índice de masa corpórea (302,62±5,87 e 284,19±5,15Kg|m2 hubo diferencia (p<0,05 entre las variedades Padrón y Mocho, respectivamente. Con respecto al peso corpóreo (627,70±11,37 e 611,58±8,66Kg; la altura (1,44±0,01e 1,47±0,01m; el volumen del eyaculado (5,82±0,48 e 5,17±0,29 mL, la motilidad espermática progresiva (73,50±2,81% e75,62±0,97%, el vigor espermático (4,30±0,19 e4,27±0,11 y motilidad en masa (4,27±0,11 e3,33±0,23 no se presentó diferencia (p>0,05. En morfología espermática, tampoco hubo desigualdad entre las variedades Padrón y Mocho, respectivamente con 5,06 ± 8,20% e 5,32 ± 6,40% de defectos mayores; 9,91±6,74% e 8,36±6,06% para los defectos menores; e 14,76±13,20% e 13,82±12,61% para los defectos totales. La electroforesis del plasma seminal reveló bandas proteicas con pesos entre 5 a 105 KDa. En el 100% de toros aptos para la reproducción, la proteína con pesos de 13 Kda estuvo presente. De la misma forma ocurrió con las bandas de 20 KDa. El resto de las bandas proteicas mostraron presencia con diferentes porcentajes de incidencia en toros aptos o parcialmente aptos para la actividad reproductiva. Las dos variedades estudiadas hicieron evidente la adaptación reproductiva eficaz en condiciones de clima semejantes.

Nelson Machado

2006-10-01

125

Rooster semen cryopreservation: effect of pedigree line and male age on postthaw sperm function.  

Science.gov (United States)

The fertility rates of cryopreserved poultry semen are highly variable and not reliable for use in preservation of commercial genetic stocks. Our objective was to evaluate the cryosurvival of semen from 8 pedigreed layer lines at 2 different ages: the onset and end of commercial production. Semen from 160 roosters (20/line) was frozen individually with 11% glycerol at 6 and 12 mo of age. Glycerol was removed from thawed semen by Accudenz gradient centrifugation. The viability of thawed sperm from each male was determined using fluorescent live-dead staining and flow cytometry; sperm velocity parameters were measured using computerized motion analysis. The fertilizing ability of thawed sperm was evaluated in vitro by assessing hydrolysis of the inner perivitelline membrane. The postthaw function of sperm from the elite lines varied widely, despite the fact that fresh semen from all of these lines typically yielded high fertility rates. The percentage of thawed sperm with intact plasma membranes ranged from 27.8 + or - 2.1 to 49.6 + or - 1.9 and varied among lines and between age groups. Thawed sperm from 2 lines consistently demonstrated the highest and lowest motility parameters, whereas the velocity parameters of the remaining 6 lines varied widely. The mean number of hydrolysis points per square millimeter of inner perivitelline membrane ranged from 12.5 + or - 4.1 (line 2) to 103.3 + or - 30.2 (line 6). Age effects were observed for 4 out of 8 lines; however, improved postthaw sperm function at 12 mo of age was not consistent for all 3 assays. These results demonstrate variability among pedigreed lines in withstanding glycerol-based semen cryopreservation and provide a model for delineating genotypic and phenotypic factors affecting sperm cryosurvival. PMID:20371849

Long, J A; Bongalhardo, D C; Pelaéz, J; Saxena, S; Settar, P; O'Sullivan, N P; Fulton, J E

2010-05-01

126

Human semen study around and away from gold mine area.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gold was first detected in human semen in 1981. The entry of gold into semen was hypothesized through food items. Earlier reports identified gold in semen as important for good quality of semen. The infertility rate could be low around gold mine area when compared to other places. The aim of the study was to verify this. Towards this, the quality of human semen around a gold mine (Kolar, India) was evaluated and compared to that from a place which was 2000 km away from a gold mine (Jamnagar, India). A total number of 254 semen samples from Kolar and 437 from Jamnagar were evaluated. The fertility rate was higher in Kolar region. The semen samples studied for both places showed that the semen quality was superior in Kolar gold field area. PMID:22237809

Prasad, S B; Skandhan, K P; Sing, G

2011-01-01

127

Correlation of phthalate exposures with semen quality  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Phthalates are widely used man-made chemical released in the environment and human exposure is mainly through diet. As the phthalate plasticizers are not covalently bound to PVC, they can leach, migrate or evaporate into the environment and as a result have become ubiquitously contaminants. The present study investigates the correlation, if any, between the phthalate esters (DEP, DEHP, DBP, DMP, DOP) and sperm mitochondrial status, ROS, LPO, SCSA, and sperm quality. The study was conducted in the urban/rural population of Lucknow visiting Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, CSMMU, Lucknow. Semen analysis was performed according to the WHO guidelines while phthalate analysis by HPLC and LPO by spectrophotometer and the sperm mitochondrial status, ROS, SCSA using flow cytometry. The questionnaire data showed no significant difference in the demographic characteristics among the groups. In general, urban population was found to have statistically significant higher levels of phthalate esters than the rural. Further, infertile men showed statistically significant (p < 0.05) higher levels of pollutants in the semen than fertile men. A negative correlation between semen phthalate level viz DEHP and sperm quality and positive association with depolarized mitochondria, elevation in ROS production and LPO, DNA fragmentation was established. The findings are suggestive that phthalates might be one among the contributing factors associated with the deterioration in semen qualiated with the deterioration in semen quality and these adverse effects might be ROS, LPO and mitochondrial dysfunction mediated

128

Macrophage activity in semen is significantly correlated with sperm quality in infertile men.  

Science.gov (United States)

The presence of leucocytes within semen has the potential to impair sperm function. Neutrophils and macrophages make up 95% of seminal leucocytes, with both having the ability to damage sperm via the generation of reactive oxygen species, proteases and the induction of apoptosis. Existing cytological techniques for quantifying leucocyte activity within semen (peroxidase, CD45) are less than ideal as they merely count the number of leucocytes, rather than assess their activity. Seminal plasma elastase effectively determines neutrophil activity, yet gives no insight into macrophage activity. Neopterin, a molecule released from activated macrophages, may be a useful marker for macrophage activity in the male reproductive tract. To examine this possibility a total of 63 asymptomatic subjects with male factor infertility and 11 fertile controls provided semen samples for measurement of various inflammatory markers. We were able to confirm for the first time that seminal plasma does indeed contain neopterin and that the levels of this macrophage activity marker are threefold higher in infertile than fertile men. Furthermore, seminal plasma neopterin concentration was significantly correlated with sperm oxidative stress, DNA fragmentation (TUNEL) and apoptosis (Annexin V), making it a useful marker of sperm quality. By contrast, seminal plasma elastase showed no correlation with any marker of sperm quality. PMID:20132344

Tremellen, K; Tunc, O

2010-12-01

129

Mucuna pruriens Reduces Stress and Improves the Quality of Semen in Infertile Men.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present investigation was undertaken to assess the role of Mucuna pruriens in infertile men who were under psychological stress. Study included 60 subjects who were undergoing infertility screening and were found to be suffering from psychological stress, assessed on the basis of a questionnaire and elevated serum cortisol levels. Age-matched 60 healthy men having normal semen parameters and who had previously initiated at least one pregnancy were included as controls. Infertile subjects were administered with M. pruriens seed powder (5 g day(-1)) orally. For carrying out morphological and biochemical analysis, semen samples were collected twice, first before starting treatment and second after 3 months of treatment. The results demonstrated decreased sperm count and motility in subjects who were under psychological stress. Moreover, serum cortisol and seminal plasma lipid peroxide levels were also found elevated along with decreased seminal plasma glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid contents and reduced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activity. Treatment with M. pruriens significantly ameliorated psychological stress and seminal plasma lipid peroxide levels along with improved sperm count and motility. Treatment also restored the levels of SOD, catalase, GSH and ascorbic acid in seminal plasma of infertile men. On the basis of results of the present study, it may be concluded that M. pruriens not only reactivates the anti-oxidant defense system of infertile men but it also helps in the management of stress and improves semen quality. PMID:18955292

Shukla, Kamla Kant; Mahdi, Abbas Ali; Ahmad, Mohammad Kaleem; Jaiswar, Shyam Pyari; Shankwar, Satya Narain; Tiwari, Sarvada Chandra

2010-03-01

130

Effect of Genotype and Frequency of Semen Collection on Semen Characteristics of Local Chicken Cocks  

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Full Text Available This study reports the effect of genotype and frequency of semen collection on seminal traits of local chicken cocks. Semen was collected, using the back-lumbar massage method from Normal Feather (NOF, Naked Neck (NN, Frizzle (FR and Naked Neck x Frizzle (NNxFR cocks at two ejaculation frequencies, namely once and twice per week for nine weeks. Ejaculates were subjected to both physical and laboratory evaluations for quality. Results showed that there were significant (p<0.05 differences between the genotypes for semen volume with the NOF (0.150.009 mL and NN x FR (0.130.013 mL cocks having higher semen volumes than that of the NN (0.110.013 mL and FR (0.080.013 mL counterparts. Total spermatozoa was the only seminal trait significantly affected by the two frequencies of collection with once a week giving higher values than twice a week collection. Interaction effect was significant for sperm concentration and total spermatozoa. This effect was stronger when semen was harvested twice a week with the NN x FR and NOF cocks producing higher values. It was therefore concluded that NN x FR and NOF genotype were superior to their NN and FR counterparts in both semen output and frequency of semen collections and may be considered as potential candidates for use in natural mating and/or artificial insemination programmes aimed at improving the lot of the local chicken.

S.N. Ibe

2006-01-01

131

EFFECTS OF SELENOMETHIONINE AND VITAMIN C ON SEMEN.  

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Full Text Available Spermatozoa are susceptible to peroxidative damages due to the high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids in its cytoplasmic membranes. Studies have shown that the spermatozoa and seminal leukocytes are capable to generate high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROSs that may reduce the viability and fertility of spermatozoa. However, small quantities of ROSs are necessary to initiation of the function of spermatozoa, as well as, capacitation and induction of the acrosomic reaction. Thus an equilibrium between the production of ROSs and antioxidative protection is necessary to assure the spermatic function. The antioxidative protection of the semen is supplied by enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx, catalase, vitamin C, vitamin E and other substances (albumine, glutathione, taurine, hypotaurine found inside of spermatic cells or in seminal plasma. Thus, the objective of this revision is characterize how reactive oxygen species cause irreparable damages to spermatozoa membranes and the importance of the antioxidative protection of the semen that can be promoted by the addition of simple minerals like selenium and vitamins (e.g. ascorbic acid.

Cristiane A Alvarez e Gentil Vanini de Moraes

2006-06-01

132

Semen quality in Peruvian pesticide applicators: association between urinary organophosphate metabolites and semen parameters  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Organophosphates are broad class of chemicals widely used as pesticides throughout the world. We performed a cross-sectional study of associations between dialkylphosphate metabolites of organophosphates and semen quality among pesticide applicators in Majes (Arequipa, Peru. Methods Thirty-one men exposed to organophosphate (OP pesticides and 31 non-exposed were recruited (age, 20–60 years. In exposed subjects, semen and a blood sample were obtained one day after the last pesticide application. Subjects were grouped according to levels of OP metabolites in urine. Semen samples were analyzed for sperm concentration, percentage of sperm motility, percentage of normal morphology, semen leucocytes and concentrations of fructose and zinc. Exposure to OP was assessed by measuring six urinary OP metabolites (dimethyl and diethyl phosphates and thiophosphates by gas chromatography using a single flame photometric detector. Results Diethyldithiophosphate (p = 0.04 and diethylthiophosphate (p = 0.02 better reflected occupational pesticide exposure than other OP metabolites. Semen analysis revealed a significant reduction of semen volume and an increase in semen pH in men with OP metabolites. Multiple regression analysis showed that both occupational exposure to pesticides and the time of exposure to pesticides were more closely related to alterations in semen quality parameters than the single measurement of OP metabolites in urine. Conclusion The study demonstrated that occupational exposure to OP pesticides was more closely related to alterations in semen quality than a single measurement of urine OP metabolites. Current measurement of OP metabolites in urine may not reflect the full risk.

Gasco Manuel

2008-11-01

133

Review on international trade with boar semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

For more than 40 years, AI (artificial insemination) has been carried out with pigs. In some countries, it constitutes since the 1990 s the dominant procedure with piglet production to fertilize the sow. This procedure of insemination with fresh semen has become prevalent in all countries on a worldwide basis with an important pig meat production, with the exception of China. Meanwhile, up to 90% of the sows have been artificially inseminated. The trend is still upwards. As the need of pig meat and thus the production continues to increase, one can proceed on the assumption that the number of semen doses, which is necessary for this procedure, will likewise increase correspondingly. Until now, the trade beyond borders has only been marginal. An improvement in the sense of a longer shelf life for semen doses is indispensable for the trade over longer distances. PMID:21884268

Riesenbeck, A

2011-09-01

134

The cryoprotective effects of vitamin B12 supplementation on bovine semen quality.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin B(12) supplementation on standard bovine semen quality parameters and anti-oxidative enzyme activities. Vitamin B(12) was supplemented at concentrations of 1.25, 2.5, 3.75 and 5.0 mg/ml to bovine semen cryoprotective medium. The results indicated that the motility and straight line velocity, curvilinear velocity, mean coefficient, velocity of the average path values of sperm supplemented with 2.50 mg/ml vitamin B(12) were significantly higher than that of other groups (pextenders containing 2.50 and 3.75 mg/ml vitamin B(12) (p>0.05). The percentages of acrosome-intact and plasma membrane-intact spermatozoa were significantly improved (p0.05). However, the catalase levels were higher in the treatment supplemented with vitamin B(12) at 2.50 mg/ml, when compared with other groups (pextender supplemented with vitamin B(12) significantly decreased glutathione peroxidase activity compared with the control (pextender supplemented with vitamin B(12) could reduce the oxidative stress provoked by freezing-thawing and improve bovine semen quality. Further studies are required to obtain more concrete results on the determination of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant capacities of vitamin B(12) in cryopreserved bovine semen. PMID:20113444

Hu, J-H; Tian, W-Q; Zhao, X-L; Zan, L-S; Xin, Y-P; Li, Q-W

2011-02-01

135

Bull Semen Collection and Analysis for Artificial Insemination  

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Full Text Available Insemination is acknowledged as a breeding method that contributes to improvement of farm animal populations, particularly of cattle. Artificial insemination allows for maximum use of the most valuable breeders and, at the same time, for significant increase of breeding advance. Moreover, using semen of proved quality reduces the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. The purpose of this study was to present the process of collection and analysis of bulls’ semen in the Mazovian Centre of Animal Breeding and Reproduction in ?owicz, Poland. Keywords: semen collection, semen analysis, bull semen

Karolina Barszcz

2012-01-01

136

Fertilization-promoting peptide in reproductive tissues and semen of the male marmoset (Callithrix jacchus).  

Science.gov (United States)

Fertilization-promoting peptide (FPP) is present in the prostate gland and semen of some mammals, and has been shown to enhance the fertilizing ability of both epididymal mouse and ejaculated human spermatozoa. The novel peptide may prove of importance for the treatment of some cases of male infertility, and a suitable animal model would be useful to test this hypothesis. To this end, we examined reproductive tissues and semen of the male marmoset for the presence of FPP. Peptides were extracted from seminal plasma, testes, prostate, and bulbourethral glands of intact and castrated male marmosets. The peptides were identified by ion-exchange chromatography followed by radioimmunoassay. The mean concentration of FPP immunoreactivity in semen from intact males was 58.7 nM (SE +/- 9.9 nM, n = 10), and anion-exchange chromatography revealed FPP as the only immunoreactive peptide present. Analysis of tissues revealed that FPP in semen was likely to be derived from the prostate gland, which contained this peptide as the major source of immunoreactivity (10.86 pmol/gland; SE +/- 4.39 pmol/gland, n = 4). Only low concentrations of FPP were detectable in the bulbourethral glands, and the peptide was undetectable in the testis. Surprisingly, FPP was readily detectable in the seminal plasma from one castrated marmoset and was present in the prostate gland from 3 castrates at levels which did not differ significantly from those in intact animals (5.47 pmol/gland, SE +/- 1.64 pmol/gland, n = 3). Plasma testosterone measurements indicated that residual circulatory androgens remained after castration, which may be consistent both with the maintenance of mating behavior and the presence of prostatic FPP. We conclude that FPP is present within the prostate gland and seminal plasma of the marmoset at concentrations consistent with a role in male fertility in this species. PMID:9110322

Kennedy, A M; Morrell, J M; Siviter, R J; Cockle, S M

1997-05-01

137

The effect of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation of rams on semen quality and subsequent quality of liquid stored semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation of rams on semen quality and subsequent sperm function of liquid stored semen. Mature rams of proven fertility were individually housed and were blocked according to breed, body weight, and body condition score and randomly allocated within block to one of two dietary treatments (N = 7 per treatment). Rams were offered a base diet of hay and concentrate, with the concentrate enriched with either: (1) saturated palmitic acid (CON) or (2) high n-3 PUFA fish oil (FO) supplements. Both lipid supplements were added at 2% (wt/wt) of the total diet as fed and both were partially rumen-protected. The animals were fed their respective diets for a total of 9 weeks and blood samples were collected on weeks 0 (pre-experimental), 4, and 9, relative to initial allocation of diet (week 0), for measurement of plasma concentration of fatty acids, metabolites, insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and insulin. Semen was collected from each ram (on 1 day in each week) in weeks 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9, and each ejaculate was assessed for volume, wave motion, and concentration of sperm, after which it was diluted in a skim milk-based extender and stored at 4 °C. A second ejaculate was collected on weeks 4, 7, and 9, centrifuged, and the sperm frozen for subsequent lipid analysis. A sample of semen from each ram was assessed at 24, 48, and 72 hours after collection for sperm progressive linear motion, ability to penetrate artificial mucus, and the ability to resist lipid peroxidation (at 24 and 48 hours only) using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances assay. There was no effect of diet on plasma insulin concentrations or on any of the metabolites measured, however, there was a diet by week interaction for plasma IGF-1 concentration (P concentrations on week 9 compared with the control treatment (P concentrations of total n-3 PUFAs by 3.1-fold and decreased n-6 PUFA concentrations by 1.84-fold. Consequently, the ratio of n-6 to n-3 PUFA was decreased in the FO-supplemented rams (P concentration of eicosapentaenoic acid in sperm from week 4 to 9 by 2.7-fold (P concentration (P ability to penetrate artificial mucus, or ability to resist lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of rams with n-3 PUFA successfully increased the n-3 PUFA content of plasma and sperm but has limited effects on the quality of liquid stored semen. PMID:24100164

Fair, S; Doyle, D N; Diskin, M G; Hennessy, A A; Kenny, D A

2014-01-15

138

Effect of antibiotics in extender on bacterial and spermatozoal quality of cooled buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was designed to study the effect of traditional antibiotic combination (streptomycin and penicillin; SP) and relatively modern combination of antibiotics (gentamycin, tylosin, lincomycin and spectinomycin; GTLS) in extender on bacterial control and spermatozoal quality of liquid buffalo bull semen stored at 5 degrees C. Semen collected from Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls (n = 10) was diluted with skim milk extender containing either SP (streptomycin 1000 microg/ml and penicillin 1000 IU/ml), GTLS (gentamycin 500 microg/ml, tylosin 100 microg/ml, lincomycin 300 microg/ml and spectinomycin 600 microg/ml) or negative control with no antibiotics (NA). Liquid semen was stored at 5 degrees C for 5 days. Aerobic bacteria isolated from buffalo semen were Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The only facultative anaerobic bacterium isolated was Klebsiella pneumoniae. In vitro antibiotic sensitivity test revealed that Ps. aeruginosa and Staph. aureus were susceptible to gentamycin. Staphylococcus aureus and K. pneumoniae were susceptible to tylosin and linco-spectinomycin. Total aerobic bacterial count was significantly lower in semen samples treated with GTLS than those of SP on third and fifth day of storage at 5 degrees C. There was no difference (p > 0.05) in sperm motility, longevity and plasma membrane integrity (PMI) in extender containing SP or GTLS combination until the third day of storage at 5 degrees C. On fifth day of storage sperm motility, longevity and PMI was significantly better in extender containing SP compared with GTLS and NA. Intact acrosomes, and sperm head, mid piece and tail abnormalities remained similar (p > 0.05) because of antibiotics up to 5 days of storage. In conclusion, GTLS is more capable than SP for bacterial control of buffalo bull semen. Moreover, GTLS and SP are equally efficient in preserving spermatozoal quality of extended buffalo bull semen for 3 days at 5 degrees C. PMID:18042206

Akhter, S; Ansari, M S; Andrabi, S M H; Ullah, N; Qayyum, M

2008-06-01

139

Inseminación artificial a tiempo fijo con semen ovino refrigerado / Timed artificial insemination with ram chilled semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se evaluó la preñez resultante de la inseminación artificial sistemática cervical (IASC) con semen ovino refrigerado a 5ºC durante 12 o 24 h y dosis de 150 o 300 millones de espermatozoides. Doscientas ovejas adultas Merino se dividieron al azar en grupos de 40 animales, según arreglo factorial de l [...] os tratamientos (2x2) más un grupo control. En la estación reproductiva, los estros fueron sincronizados mediante 14 días con esponjas intravaginales con 60 mg acetato de medroxiprogesterona y 200 UI de eCG al retirar las esponjas. A las 12 y 24 h previas a la IASC se colectaron, diluyeron y refrigeraron los eyaculados. La dilución del semen se realizó con OviPro (Minitüb®, Alemania) en una relación 1:2 (semen/ diluyente). El grupo control fue inseminado con semen fresco sin diluir y dosis de 100 millones de espermatozoides. La IASC se realizó en el orificio uterino externo a las 54-56 h después del tratamiento progestacional. La preservación seminal durante 12 h alcanzó el 25% (10/40) y 38% (15/ 39) de preñez con dosis de 150 y 300 millones de espermatozoides. El semen preservado durante 24 h determinó el 3% (1/37) y 19% (7/37) de preñez con dosis inseminantes de 150 y 300 millones de espermatozoides, respectivamente. El porcentaje de preñez del grupo control (59%) evidenció que las condiciones de la majada no estuvieron afectadas por el estado nutricional o de manejo. La IASC con semen refrigerado ovino durante 12 h y una dosis de inseminación de 300 millones de espermatozoides, permitió obtener una preñez aceptable (38%) considerando el beneficio de poder transportar semen a largas distancias y su bajo costo operativo. Abstract in english We evaluated pregnancy by timed artificial insemination (TAI) with ram semen chilled at 5ºC during 12 or 24 h and insemination doses of 150 or 300 millions spermatozoa. Two hundred adult Merino sheep were randomly divided in 4 groups of 40 animals each, according to a factorial arrangement (2x2) plu [...] s a control group. During the breeding season, estrus were synchronized with intravaginal sponges impregnated with 60 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate inserted for 14 days and administration of 200 UI PMSG at sponge removal. Twelve and 24 h before insemination, semen from adult Merino rams was collected, and after the ejaculates were diluted and chilled. Semen was diluted with the Ovipro extender (Minitüb®, Alemania) using a dilution rate of 1:2 (semen/extender). Control group was inseminated with fresh semen without diluent and an insemination dose of 100 millions spermatozoa. For every group, cervical TAI was performed 54-56 hours after progestational treatment. Preserved semen during 12 hours obtained 25% and 38% pregnancy with an insemination dose of 150 and 300 millions spermatozoa. Semen preserved for 24 hours caused 3% and 19% pregnancy with an insemination dose of 150 and 300 millions spermatozoa respectively. Control group showed a pregnancy of 59%, which evidenced that flock fertility was not affected by nutritional status or management. TAI with ram chilled semen during 12 h, with an insemination dose of 300 millions spermatozoa, was found to provide an acceptable fertility (38%), considering the benefit of carryng semen for long distances and the low operative cost for its implementation.

P., Naim; M., Cueto; A., Gibbons.

140

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...age, markings, if any, registration number, if any, and tattoo or eartag; the region of origin; the name and address...failure to provide satisfactory evidence concerning the origin, history, and health status of the animals or animal semen;...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

The Effect of Resveratrol on the Quality of Extended Boar Semen During Storage at 17ºC  

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Full Text Available The natural polyphenol resveratrol may be beneficial to many aspects of cell function and animal health, although its actions in the male reproductive system vary depending on animal species. This work investigates resveratrol effects on the quality of preserved boar semen during liquid storage at 17ºC. We used three approaches: 1 evaluation of conventional parameters of seminal quality, 2 measurement of specific response to capacitating stimuli, and 3 evaluation of mitochondria membrane potential and ATP content. Resveratrol supplementation causes i a loss in the response of liquid stored boar spermatozoa to capacitating stimuli, ii a decrease in the sperm ATP content and iii a reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, higher concentrations of resveratrol increase plasma membrane phospholipid disorder and reduce the percentage of motile spermatozoa. These results suggest that semen doses supplemented with resveratrol could be considered sub-fertile compared with semen stored hypothermically in standard conditions.

David Martín-Hidalgo

2013-07-01

142

Variations in semen parameters from fathers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen volume, pH, sperm characteristics and the ejaculate content of six compounds secreted by the epididymides, prostate and seminal vesicles are presented for several semen samples from 25 men (mean age 31 years) who, without clinical assistance, had fathered children within the previous 29 months. There was a large variation both within and between individual's samples for concentrations and amounts per ejaculate of all parameters except pH. The range including 96% of all values from these fertile men are presented as standards against which samples from infertile men could be compared. Lower limits (combined arithmetic means minus twice the combined within- and between-father standard deviation) were: for semen volume, 1.9 ml; for semen pH, 7.4; for total sperm count, 39 X 10(6); for normal morphological forms, 42%; for motility (WHO grades) a, 4%; b, 19%; c, 1%; d, 19%; for curvilinear velocity, 27 microns/s; for total glucosidase, 27 mU/ejaculate; for neutral alpha-glucosidase, 17 mU/ejaculate; for L-carnitine, 0.4 mumol/ejaculate; for glycerophosphocholine, 2.4 mumol/ejaculate; for fructose, 15 mumol/ejaculate; for citrate, 30 mumol/ejaculate; for zinc, 2.8 mumol/ejaculate. PMID:1757526

Cooper, T G; Jockenhövel, F; Nieschlag, E

1991-07-01

143

Effect of insulin-like growth factor-I on some quality traits and fertility of cryopreserved ovine semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective was to evaluate the effects of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) on the quality and fertility of frozen/thawed ovine semen. Five rams (five ejaculates/ram) were used for evaluation of semen parameters. Before cryopreservation, ejaculates were divided into four aliquots and extended with Tris alone or supplemented with human IGF-I (50, 100, or 250 ng/mL). Semen was evaluated immediately after thawing (T0), after 1 h (T1) and 2 h (T2) post-incubation at 37 °C. The percentage of live cells (fluorescence analysis-calcein and ethidium), acrosome integrity (NAR) and motility were analyzed, and hypo-osmotic swelling tests (HOST) were used to evaluate membrane resistance. In addition, AI was performed using 121 ewes to compare the optimal concentration of IGF-I vs. Tris alone on pregnancy rates after laparoscopic insemination. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed by transrectal ultrasonography. After 1 and 2 h post-incubation, in every group, percentage motile sperm, NAR and HOST decreased compared to semen at T0. Motility was higher (P 0.05) in NAR or hypo-osmotic swelling tests (HOST) among groups. There were no differences (P > 0.05) in fertility between the IGF-I 100 and Tris groups. In conclusion, IGF-I improved subjective sperm motility and structural integrity of the plasma membrane without a significant effect on 45-day pregnancy rates after laparoscopic insemination of ewes with frozen-thawed semen. PMID:22541171

Padilha, R T; Magalhães-Padilha, D M; Cavalcante, M M; Almeida, A P; Haag, K T; Gastal, M O; Nunes, J F; Rodrigues, A P R; Figueiredo, J R; Oliveira, M A L

2012-09-01

144

Relation of Serum and Semen Malondialdehyde and Total Anti-Oxidants with Sperm Parameters in Infertile Men  

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Full Text Available Problem statement: Oxidative Stress (OS has been recognized as one of the most important cause of male infertility. We studied the relation of serum and Semen Malondialdehyde (MDA and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC with sperm parameters in infertile men with sperm count within the normal range. Approach: The prospective case- control study performed on infertile men presenting to the infertility clinics of Mirzakochak khan hospital, Tehran university of Medical Sciences from June 2007 to June 2009. The samples were collected consecutively and the total of 40 infertile men was enrolled in the study. Also, 40 healthy men were matched as control group. MDA and TAC in serum and seminal plasma were measured and relation between them and semen analysis parameters were evaluated. The MDA was measured as nmol mL?1 and the TAC was expressed as g dL?1. Results: Analysis showed that the amount of semen MDA was statistically different in infertile and healthy control groups. We did not find any significant relation between smoking and sperm parameters in infertile men. The relation between semen MDA and abnormal sperm abnormal morphology (p = 0.003, r = -0.468 and semen TAC and weak sperm motility (p = 0.037, r = -0.359 was significant. Conclusion: Immediate attention should be directed at simplifying and validating the evaluation of reactive oxygen species and OS status so that it can be performed routinely.

Firozeh Akbari-Asbagh

2010-01-01

145

Effects of herbal preparation on libido and semen quality in boars.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a preparation from herbal extracts (PHE) on libido and semen quality in breeding artificial insemination boars. Ten fertile boars were divided into control and experimental groups according to significant difference of libido. There were no differences in semen quality between groups. Animals were fed a commercial feeding mixture for boars. The feeding mixture for the experimental group was enriched with PHE, which was prepared from Eurycoma longifolia, Tribulus terrestris and Leuzea carthamoides. Duration of the experiment was 10 weeks. Samples of ejaculate were collected weekly. Libido was evaluated according to a scale of 0-5 points. Semen volume, sperm motility, percentage of viable spermatozoa, sperm concentration, morphologically abnormal spermatozoa, daily sperm production and sperm survival were assessed. Amounts of mineral components and free amino acids were analysed in seminal plasma. Significant differences were found in these parameters: libido (4.05 ± 0.22 vs 3.48 ± 0.78; p < 0.001), semen volume (331.75 ± 61.91 vs 263.13 ± 87.17 g; p < 0.001), sperm concentration (386.25 ± 107.95 vs 487.25 ± 165.50 × 10(3) /mm(3); p < 0.01), morphologically abnormal spermatozoa (15.94 ± 11.08 vs 20.88 ± 9.19%; p < 0.001) and Mg concentration (28.36 ± 11.59 vs 20.27 ± 13.93 mm; p < 0.05). The experimental group's libido was increased by 20% in comparison with the beginning of the experiment. Results of this study showed positive effect of PHE on libido and some parameters of boar semen quality. PMID:21092065

Frydrychová, S; Opletal, L; Macáková, K; Lustyková, A; Rozkot, M; Lipenský, J

2011-08-01

146

Sperm parameters and biochemical components of goat seminal plasma in the rainy and dry seasons in the Brazilian Northeast: the season's influence on the cooling of semen / Caracrterísticas espermáticas e bioquímicas do plasma seminal de caprinos nas estações chuvosa e seca do Nordeste brasileiro: influência da estação no resfriamento do sêmen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Verificou-se as características seminais de caprinos durante a época seca e a chuvosa no Nordeste brasileiro e a influência da época no resfriamento do sêmen. Foram mensurados volume, concentração espermática, porcentagem de espermatozoides móveis, vigor, morfologia espermática e características bio [...] químicas (frutose, ácido cítrico, fósforo, magnésio, proteínas totais e atividade da fosfolipase A2). Observou-se redução (P Abstract in english The present study aimed to verify the caprine semen characteristics during dry and rainy seasons in the Brazilian Northeast, and the influence of these seasons on cooled semen. Seminal volume, concentration, percentage of motile cells, vigor and spermatic morphology, as well as biochemical profile ( [...] fructose, citric acid, P, Ca2+, Mg, total proteins and phospholipase A2 activity) were analyzed. It was observed a reduction (P

G.V., Aguiar; M.F., van Tilburg; A.G.V., Catunda; C.K.S., Celes; I.C.S., Lima; A.C.N., Campos; A.A.A., Moura; A.A., Araújo.

2013-02-01

147

Sperm parameters and biochemical components of goat seminal plasma in the rainy and dry seasons in the Brazilian Northeast: the season's influence on the cooling of semen / Caracrterísticas espermáticas e bioquímicas do plasma seminal de caprinos nas estações chuvosa e seca do Nordeste brasileiro: influência da estação no resfriamento do sêmen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Verificou-se as características seminais de caprinos durante a época seca e a chuvosa no Nordeste brasileiro e a influência da época no resfriamento do sêmen. Foram mensurados volume, concentração espermática, porcentagem de espermatozoides móveis, vigor, morfologia espermática e características bio [...] químicas (frutose, ácido cítrico, fósforo, magnésio, proteínas totais e atividade da fosfolipase A2). Observou-se redução (P Abstract in english The present study aimed to verify the caprine semen characteristics during dry and rainy seasons in the Brazilian Northeast, and the influence of these seasons on cooled semen. Seminal volume, concentration, percentage of motile cells, vigor and spermatic morphology, as well as biochemical profile ( [...] fructose, citric acid, P, Ca2+, Mg, total proteins and phospholipase A2 activity) were analyzed. It was observed a reduction (P

G.V., Aguiar; M.F., van Tilburg; A.G.V., Catunda; C.K.S., Celes; I.C.S., Lima; A.C.N., Campos; A.A.A., Moura; A.A., Araújo.

148

Developmental validation of RSID™-Semen: a lateral flow immunochromatographic strip test for the forensic detection of human semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tests for the identification of semen commonly involve the microscopic visualization of spermatozoa or assays for the presence of seminal markers such as acid phosphatase (AP) or prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Here, we describe the rapid stain identification kit for the identification of semen (RSID™-Semen), a lateral flow immunochromatographic strip test that uses two antihuman semenogelin monoclonal antibodies to detect the presence of semenogelin. The RSID™-Semen strip is specific for human semen, detecting semen, and does not cross-react with other human or nonhuman tissues tested. RSID™-Semen is more sensitive with certain forensic evidence samples containing mixtures of vaginal secretions and semen than either of the commercially available PSA-based forensic semen detection tests or tests that measure AP activity that were tested in parallel. The RSID™-Semen kit also allows sampling a fraction of a questioned stain while retaining the majority of the sample for further processing through short tandem repeat analysis. PMID:22211796

Old, Jennifer; Schweers, Brett A; Boonlayangoor, Pravat W; Fischer, Brian; Miller, Kevin W P; Reich, Karl

2012-03-01

149

Bovine Leukemia ProVirus: Evidence of Presence of Part of Gag Gene in Seminal Plasma of Naturally Infected Bulls  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is of critical importance to understand the modalities of BLV presence in semen, especially with regard to artificial insemination (AI). Presence of bovine leukemia provirus was demonstrated in fresh and frozen semen samples by researchers. In this study paired blood and semen samples from 45 bulls were assessed for the presence of part of gag gene and antibodies to BLV in blood, semen and cell-free fraction of the semen (seminal plasma). Proviral DNA was detected in 5 out of 45 seminal pl...

Razi Jafari; Reza Asadpour

2010-01-01

150

Myeloperoxidase activity decreases in equine semen freezing extenders  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme contained in and released by neutrophils, and associated with decreased post-thaw motility of equine semen. This study aimed to compare MPO activity in pure equine freezing extender, raw and post-thaw semen. Active MPO Concentration (AMC) was measured with Specific Immunologic Extraction Followed by Enzymatic Detection in 20 ejaculates. Raw semen intra cellular AMC was determined in the supernatant after membrane lysis, each pellet containing 1...

Ponthier, Je?ro?me; Franck, Thierry; Niesten, Ariane; Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia; Serteyn, Didier; Deleuze, Stefan

2013-01-01

151

Monitoring environmental exposures with semen assays  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Semen studies in humans and animals have yielded extensive and compelling evidence that sperm can be used to assess reproductive potential and diagnose pathology. More recent studies on mutagens and carcinogens both at this and other laboratories suggest that a combination of mouse and human assays can be an efficient, effective approach to monitoring for reproductive hazards in the environment. We are investigating the potential of using variability in sperm morphology and DNA content to quantify and monitor the effects of environmental agents on the human testes. Here we review the status of human and mouse assays for environmental surveillance, discuss the genetic and fertility implications of chemically induced semen changes, and describe the high-speed flow methods being developed to automate sperm assays

152

Recent advances in boar semen cryopreservation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since 35 years ago boar semen has been frozen and used for artificial insemination (AI). However, fertility of cryopreserved porcine sperm has consistently been low as boar sperm are more sensitive to cellular stress imposed by changing osmotic balance, oxidative stress, low-temperature exposure, cryo-protectant intoxication etc. and are less able to compensate for these deficiencies at commercially applicable dosages. Additionally, differences in sperm freezability among individuals are well known. Here we review current advances on tests to screen sperm quality post-thaw, on ways of diminishing individual boar effects, on improvement of cryo-protection by novel extender components, on packaging and freezing protocols and freezing and thawing methods, and on the handling of sexed boar sperm. Major advances have been registered, which have improved cryo-survival and the capacity to process boar semen for commercial AI. PMID:19848266

Rath, D; Bathgate, R; Rodriguez-Martinez, H; Roca, J; Strzezek, J; Waberski, D

2009-01-01

153

Semen quality of Italian local pig breeds  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available From 1996 to 1999 a conservation programme was carried out within the framework of EC contract “European gene banking project for the pig genetic resources” (Ollivier et al., 2001 in the Italian local pig breeds. The aims of the program included the primary characterization of the breeds, i.e. information on the organization in charge of the breed, breeding population numbers, breed description and qualifications, and field trials on productive and reproductive performances. In this context the “Semen Bank of Italian local pig breeds” was built. A total of 30,835 straws of four Italian local pig breeds (Cinta Senese, Casertana, Mora Romagnola and Nero Siciliano, collected from 42 sires, have been stored. In this work semen quality traits, lipid composition and freezability of the four Italian local pig breeds are reported.

G. Gandini

2010-01-01

154

Comparison of different extenders for holding pheasant semen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For the last decades several studies for holding sperm have been done in various fowl species. Consequently different conditions were proposed, changing storage times, temperature, and adapting semen extenders for each situation. However outstanding development has been reached, each species and conditions demand special needs. Our previous studies were mainly conducted on the evaluation of the semen quality parameters in pheasants (Marzoni et al., 2000a,b; Marzoni et al., 2001; Chiarini et al., 2002; Marzoni et al., 2002, thus the present study focused on the use of three different semen extenders to preserve pheasant semen over a 24-hours period........

I. Romboli

2011-03-01

155

[Review of pharmacological effects and toxicological information of Arecae Semen].  

Science.gov (United States)

The main chemical composition of Arecae Semen has been summarized, which can bring the pharmacological action and toxicological action to the nervous system, digestive system, cardiovascular system, urinary and reproductive system. Arecae Semen has inhibition and killing effect to most parasite. It can also activate the cholinergic receptor, promote gastrointestinal propulsive motility in mice and inhibit helicobacter pylori, Xu Lang schoenleinii, influenza virus. Arecae Semen chewing results in oral mucositis fibrosis, which has not only carcinogenic mutagenic effect but also eproductive and nervous system toxicity. And Chinese medicine Yinpian use Arecae Semen of compatibility has no adverse reaction reports. PMID:24199553

Liu, Dong-Lin; Wang, Xiao-Ying; Yang, Bing; Zhnag, Han

2013-07-01

156

Sperm Ubiquitination Correlation with Human Semen Quality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Ubiquitin, an 8.5 kDa peptide that marks other proteins for proteasomal degradation, tags defective sperm during epididymal passage. Thus, sperm ubiquitination is a universal marker for sperm defects and can be used as a sperm function test. The objective of the present study was to examine the relationships between sperm ubiquitination and clinical semen parameters, using simplified immunofluorescence assays in order to establish ubiquitin as a biomarker of male infertility. Meth...

Sadeghi MR; Shabani, A.; Zeraati, H.; Ma, Akhondi; Talebian, A.; Hodjat, M.

2008-01-01

157

Environmental exposure to arsenic may reduce human semen quality: associations derived from a Chinese cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent observations in in vitro and in vivo models suggest that arsenic (As is an endocrine disruptor at environmentally-relevant levels. When exposed to As, male rats and mice show steroidogenic dysfunction that can lead to infertility. However, the possible effects of As on human male semen quality remain obscure. Methods We monitored the profile of As species in the urine of a reproductive-age human cohort and assessed its association with semen quality. Men (n?=?96 were recruited in an infertility clinic from July 2009 to August 2010 in the Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Institute for Population and Family Planning. Five urinary As species were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS. Clinical information on the semen volume, sperm concentration and motility was employed to catalogue and evaluate semen quality according to WHO guidelines. As species concentrations in addition to other continuous variables were dichotomized by the medians and modelled as categorical variables in order to explore using the binary logistic regression possible associations between As exposure and semen quality. Results Urinary concentrations (geometric mean ± SD, ?g g-1 creatinine of different As species were 7.49 (±24.8 for AsB, 20.9 (±13.7 for DMA, 2.77 (±3.33 for MMA, and 4.03 (±3.67 for Asi (AsiIII and AsiV. DMA concentrations above the median were significantly associated with below-reference sperm concentrations (P =0.02 after adjusting for age, body mass index (BMI, abstinence, smoking and drinking habits. In addition, smoking was positively associated with MMA. Conclusion Reduced parameters in human semen quality are positively associated with As exposure in a reproductive-age Chinese cohort.

Xu Weipan

2012-07-01

158

Influence of long-term treatment with equine somatotropin (EquiGen) on gonadal function in stallions with poor semen quality.  

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The aim of the present study was to investigate the spermatogenic and Leydig cell activity in stallions with impaired semen quality after treatment with equine somatotropin. Experiments were performed using 18 adult clinically healthy stallions with poor semen quality which did not pass breeding soundness evaluation. The animals were randomly divided into a treatment (n = 9) and a control (n = 9) group. Over a period of 90 days, nine stallions received a daily intramuscular injection of 10 mg recombinant equine somatotropin (EquiGen, BresaGen Limited, Adelaide, Australia) and 9 control animals were injected with the same amount of physiological saline solution. During and until 2 months after treatment, semen characteristics and daily sperm output as well as plasma testosterone concentrations were determined monthly in all stallions. In addition, testosterone concentration measurement after stimulation with hCG was performed in all animals immediately before and at the end of the treatment period as well as 2 months later. Our results demonstrate that equine somatotropin (EquiGen) given daily in a dose of 10 mg per animal during 90 days had no significant effect neither on plasma testosterone concentrations and hCG-induced testosterone release nor on semen quality parameters in adult stallions with poor semen characteristics. PMID:18488716

De Botton, D; Janett, F; Burger, D; Imboden, I; Kähn, W; Thun, R

2008-04-01

159

Criopreservação de sêmen suíno: avanços tecnológicos e perspectivas / Cryopreservation of boar semen: progress and perspectives / Criopreservación de semen de verraco: avances y perspectivas tecnológicas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Resumo A criopreservação de sêmen suíno é uma técnica ainda não consolidada devido à alta sensibilidade do espermatozoide da espécie ao processo de congelamento e descongelamento. Ainda assim, a utilização do sêmen criopreservado é altamente desejável para o intercâmbio genético e manutenção da bios [...] segurança. Esta revisão tem como objetivo ressaltar alguns fatores limitantes do processo e apontar os consideráveis avanços desenvolvidos nos últimos anos, principalmente devido ao aperfeiçoamento das técnicas já existentes, como caracterização das proteínas do ejaculado, ajustes na remoção do plasma seminal e uso de adjuvantes na confecção dos diluentes. Todas estas técnicas tornarão a criopreservação do sêmen suíno mais aplicável nos próximos anos para que possa ser finalmente uma técnica de uso comercial. Abstract in spanish Resumen La criopreservación del semen de porcino es una técnica aún no consolidada debido a la alta sensibilidad del espermatozoide de esta especie al proceso de congelación y descongelación, aun así, el uso de semen criopreservado es altamente deseable para el intercambio genético y el mantenimient [...] o de la bioseguridad. Esta revisión tiene por objeto poner de relieve algunos factores limitantes del proceso y señalar las importantes avances desarrollados en los últimos años, debido principalmente al mejoramiento de las técnicas existentes, entre ellas, la caracterización de las proteínas de la eyaculación, los ajustes de extracción del plasma seminal y el uso de adyuvantes en la producción de los diluyentes. Todas estas técnicas harán que la criopreservación del semen de porcino sea más aplicable en los próximos años, para ser finalmente una técnica de uso comercial. Abstract in english Abstract Biotechnology of boar semen cryopreservation has not succeeded due to the high sensitivity of swine sperm to the freezing and thawing process. However, its use is highly desirable for genetic improvement and maintenance of biosecurity. This review aims to highlight some limitations of the p [...] rocess and point out important advances obtained in recent years, including the improvement of existing techniques, such as protein characterization of the ejaculate, adjustments in the removal of seminal plasma, and use of adjuvants in the manufacture of diluents; all of which will make cryopreservation commercially available in the near future.

Tainã, Figueiredo Cardoso; Estela, Fernandes e Silva; Carine, Dahl Corcini.

2013-07-01

160

Seasonal Changes in Serum Testosterone, LDH Concentration and Semen Characteristics in Markhoz Goats.  

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This experiment was conducted to study variations of serum testosterone and seminal characteristics of Markhoz male goats. Blood samples were obtained via jugular vein, and semen was collected by using an artificial vagina from 14 fertile male goats (2-3 years of age), at 15-day intervals starting on 15 July and ending on 30 October 2010 (during breeding and non-breeding season). Semen volume, total sperm (volume×concentration), live sperm (%), abnormal sperm (%) and semen pH were significantly superior during the late summer and early autumn (breeding season). Variation of sperm density, motility and progressive motility was not significant during the sampling period. The results presented show that the lowest and highest levels of lactate dehydrogenase in the seminal plasma were recorded in late October (2.82 U/ml) and in late August (4.81 U/ml), respectively. Moreover, the study indicated that the serum testosterone concentration was higher during late summer and early autumn (ptestosterone concentration (0.522), respectively (pgoats in Iran. PMID:25049550

Farshad, A; Yousefi, A; Moghaddam, A; Khalili, B

2012-02-01

 
 
 
 
161

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

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...the Chief, Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory...veterinary inspection, and testing while the donor animal was on the farm of origin...importer, until all of the testing required to be conducted...indications that the donor animal or the semen from...

2010-01-01

162

9 CFR 98.34 - Import permits for poultry semen and animal semen.  

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...direct. (7) Porcine semen from the People's Republic of China. In addition to...imported into the United States from the People's Republic of China (PRC) only after...does not include pets such as dogs and cats). Raw animal food wastes...

2010-01-01

163

AZF Microdeletions in Human Semen Infected with Bacteria  

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Full Text Available Bacterial infections are associated with infertility in men. This study was aimed to investigate microdeletions on Yq chromosome in semen infected with bacteria by using bacteriological, biochemical, and serological assays. The investigation showed that 107 of 300 (84.80% semen samples collected from infertile men with primary or secondary infertility were infected with different species of bacteria. Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae were the most frequently diagnosed bacteria in the infected semen samples. The percentages of infections of semen samples with C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhea were 42.31% and 35.28% respectively. Genomic DNA from each semen sample infected with predominant bacteria was analyzed for AZF deletions by using multiplex PCR. Different patterns of AZF microdeletions were obtained. It can be concluded that sexually transmitted bacteria may contribute in microdeletions of Yq chromosome by indirectly producing reactive oxygen species and causing gene defect in AZF regions.

Hayfa H Hassani

2011-11-01

164

Comparative study of heparin-binding proteins profile of Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis semen  

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Full Text Available Aim: The experiment was conducted to study the total seminal plasma protein (TSPP and heparin-binding proteins (HBPs in relation to initial semen quality of buffalo bull. Materials and Methods: Semen from two Murrah buffalo bulls (bull no. 605 and 790 with mass motility of ?3+ were used for the study and categorized into three groups (Group I- Mass motility 3+, Group II- Mass motility 4+ and Group III- Mass motility 5+. Seminal plasma from semen was separated by centrifugation. HBPs was isolated and purified from heparin-agarose affinity column by modified elution buffer. TSPP and isolated HBPs concentration was estimated by Lowry’s method. The purified HBPs were resolved on Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to check the protein profile of two bulls. Results: The mean values of TSPP concentrations in bull no. 605 and 790 in Group I, II and III were 30.64±0.12, 31.66±0.09, 32.53±0.19 and 28.51±0.09, 29.49±0.15, 30.45±0.17 mg/mL, respectively. The mean values of HBPs concentrations in bull no. 605 and 790 in Group I, II and III were 3.11±0.07, 3.32±0.06, 3.46±0.08 and 2.51±0.08, 2.91±0.05, 3.10±0.03 mg/mL, respectively. Both the values of TSPP and HBPs were significantly higher (p<0.01 in bull no. 605 when compared to 790 in all the three groups. 31 kDa HBP was more intensely present in bull no. 605, thus may indicate its superiority over bull no. 790 in relation to fertility potential. Conclusion: TSPP and HBPs shows variation in concentration with respect to initial semen quality. Furthermore, presence of fertility related 31 kDa HBPs in one of the bull may be an indication of high fertility of a bull. In future, in-vivo and in-vitro correlative study on larger basis is needed for the establishment of fertility-related HBPs in semen which might establish criteria for selection of buffalo bull with high fertility potential.

S. S. Ramteke

2014-09-01

165

Determining Seminal Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Load in the Context of Efficient Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy?  

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The semen plasma virus load is measured to ensure the safety of sperm processing during medically assisted procreation (MAP) for couples with a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected man. A practical, automated protocol using the COBAS Ampliprep CAP/CTM kit in the COBAS TaqMan96 system was developed to measure the HIV-1 load in semen plasma samples. HIV-1 was detected in 13.4% of the semen samples processed at our MAP center. Of the eight patients having a detectable semen HIV-1...

Pasquier, Christophe; Saune?, Karine; Raymond, Ste?phanie; Moinard, Nathalie; Daudin, Myriam; Bujan, Louis; Izopet, Jacques

2009-01-01

166

Arachidic acid in extender improves post-thaw parameters of cryopreserved Nili-Ravi buffalo bull semen.  

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Cryopreservation process reduces lipids and phospholipids from buffalo bull spermatozoa. It was therefore hypothesized that supplementation of fatty acid to extender may improve the post-thaw quality of buffalo semen. The objective was to evaluate the effect of arachidic acid supplementation in extender on post-thaw quality of buffalo bull (Bubalus bubalis) spermatozoa. Semen was collected from three adult Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of similar age group with artificial vagina (42°C) for 3 weeks (replicate). Qualified semen ejaculates (n = 18) were split into four aliquots and diluted in tris-citric acid extender containing 0.0 (control), 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 ng/ml at 37°C having approximately 50 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml. Diluted semen was cooled to 4°C in 2 h and equilibrated for 4 h at 4°C. Cooled semen was filled in 0.5-ml straws at 4°C, kept on liquid nitrogen vapours for 10 min and plunged in liquid nitrogen for storage. Thawing of frozen semen was performed after 24 h at 37°C for 30 s. Sperm progressive motility (%) was improved in a dose-dependent manner by supplementing arachidic acid at 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 ng/ml compared with control. Structural and functional integrity of sperm plasma membrane (%), number of acrosome-intact live sperm (%) and sperm chromatin integrity (%) were better (p  0.05) from those at 5.0 ng/ml. Further improvement in structural and functional integrity of sperm plasma membrane, number of acrosome-intact live sperm and chromatin integrity was observed at 20.0 ng/ml of arachidic acid in extender. In conclusion, arachidic acid supplementation in extender improved the post-thaw quality parameters of cryopreserved Nili-Ravi buffalo bull spermatozoa. Among the arachidic acid concentrations studied, maximum improvement in post-thaw semen quality parameters was observed at 20.0 ng/ml. PMID:24112366

Ejaz, R; Ansari, M S; Rakha, B A; Ullah, N; Husna, A U; Iqbal, R; Akhter, S

2014-02-01

167

A successful new approach to honeybee semen cryopreservation.  

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Honeybee biodiversity is under massive threat, and improved methods for gamete cryopreservation could be a precious tool for both the in situ- and ex situ-conservation of subspecies and ecotypes. Recent cryoprotocols for drone semen have improved the viability and fertility of frozen-thawed semen by using increased diluent:semen-ratios, but there is still much room for progress. As semen cryopreserved after dilution often appeared hyperactive, we speculated that the disruption of sperm-sperm interactions during dilution and cryopreservation could reduce the fertile lifespan of the cells. We therefore developed protocols to reduce admixture, or abolish it altogether by dialyzing semen against a hypertonic solution of cryoprotectant. Additionally, we tested methods to reduce the cryoprotectant concentration after thawing. Insemination of queens with semen cryopreserved after dialysis yielded 49%, 59% and 79% female (= stemming from fertilized eggs) pupae in three separate experiments, and the numbers of sperm found in the spermathecae of the queens were significantly higher than those previously reported. Post-thaw dilution and reconcentration of semen for cryoprotectant removal reduced fertility, but sizeable proportions of female brood were still produced. Workers stemming from cryopreserved semen did not differ from bees stemming from untreated semen with regard to indicators of fluctuating asymmetry, but were slightly heavier. Cryopreservation after dialysis tended to increase the proportion of cells with DNA-nicks, as measured by the TUNEL-assay, but this increase appears small when compared to the baseline variations of this indicator. Overall, we conclude that cryoprotectant-addition through dialysis can improve the quality of cryopreserved drone semen. Testing of offspring for vitality and genetic integrity should continue. PMID:25088062

Wegener, Jakob; May, Tanja; Kamp, Günter; Bienefeld, Kaspar

2014-10-01

168

Clinical relevance of routine semen analysis and controversies surrounding the 2010 World Health Organization criteria for semen examination  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Semen analysis is the corner stone of infertility evaluation as it provides information on the functional status of the seminiferous tubules, epididymis and accessory sex glands. The methods on how the human semen should be evaluated are provided by the World Health Organization, which periodically [...] releases manuals that include specific protocols and reference standards. In 2010, the WHO published new criteria for human semen characteristics that were markedly lower than those previously reported. In this review initially it is discussed the limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate measure of a man’s ability to father a pregnancy. Secondly, it is analyzed methodology issues that could explain why the newly released reference values were different from those earlier reported. Thirdly, it is speculated on the likely effects of the 2010 WHO criteria in the management of male infertility. Due to the several inherent limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate marker of male infertility, physicians should exercise caution when interpreting results. A template for semen analysis reports that incorporates the distribution of the semen characteristics of recent fathers in centiles rather than solely the minimum thresholds could aid clinicians to better understand how a given patient results compare with the reference population. Importantly, a male infertility evaluation must go far beyond a simple semen analysis, as it has to be complemented with a proper physical examination, a comprehensive history taking, and relevant endocrine, genetic, and other investigations.

Sandro C., Esteves.

2014-08-01

169

Clinical relevance of routine semen analysis and controversies surrounding the 2010 World Health Organization criteria for semen examination  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Semen analysis is the corner stone of infertility evaluation as it provides information on the functional status of the seminiferous tubules, epididymis and accessory sex glands. The methods on how the human semen should be evaluated are provided by the World Health Organization, which periodically [...] releases manuals that include specific protocols and reference standards. In 2010, the WHO published new criteria for human semen characteristics that were markedly lower than those previously reported. In this review initially it is discussed the limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate measure of a man’s ability to father a pregnancy. Secondly, it is analyzed methodology issues that could explain why the newly released reference values were different from those earlier reported. Thirdly, it is speculated on the likely effects of the 2010 WHO criteria in the management of male infertility. Due to the several inherent limitations of semen analysis as a surrogate marker of male infertility, physicians should exercise caution when interpreting results. A template for semen analysis reports that incorporates the distribution of the semen characteristics of recent fathers in centiles rather than solely the minimum thresholds could aid clinicians to better understand how a given patient results compare with the reference population. Importantly, a male infertility evaluation must go far beyond a simple semen analysis, as it has to be complemented with a proper physical examination, a comprehensive history taking, and relevant endocrine, genetic, and other investigations.

Sandro C., Esteves.

170

Testicular cancer and HPV semen infection  

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In the last decades, its incidence showed a progressive increased probably due to genetic and environmental factors. Despite exposure to some viruses such as HIV, HCV, EBV and HPV is frequently related to cancer development, there are no studies aimed to evaluate the possible implication of viral infections in the pathogenesis of testicular cancer. In this study we analyzed sperm parameters and prevalence of HPV on sperm in 155 testicular cancer patients at diagnosis (T-1, after orchiectomy (T0 and after 12 months from surgery or from the end of adjuvant treatments (T12. All patients showed a significantly higher prevalence of semen infection than controls (9.5% and 2.4% respectively and altered sperm parameters both at T-1 and T0. Considering sperm parameters, at T-1 we observed a reduction of progressive motility, and after orchiectomy patients showed a reduction of sperm concentration and count and a further worsening of motility. Thereafter, patients were assigned to three groups on the basis of medical option after surgery: S = surveillance, R = radiotherapy and C = chemotherapy +/- radiotherapy. At T12, untreated patients had an improvement of sperm parameters while R group and even more C group had a strong decrease of sperm number (p<0.01 both vs T0 and S group. Moreover, patients who received radio and/or chemotherapy had a very high prevalence of HPV semen infection (S: 7.7%, R: 30.8% and C: 61.5%. In conclusion, patients with testicular cancer had frequently altered sperm parameters and higher prevalence of HPV semen infection that were worsened after radio and chemotherapy. Because HPV infection is a risk factor for cancer development and it may further reduce fertility, we suggest screening for HPV in testicular cancer patients at diagnosis and particularly after adjuvant treatments.

AlbertoFerlin

2012-12-01

171

The effect of semen collection method and level of egg yolk on capability of dilution and storage of buck semen  

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Full Text Available The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of semen collection method for reduction of the deleterious interaction between the enzymes of bulbourethral gland and egg yolk during the dilution and storage of buck semen by three different level of egg yolk. Ten bucks were used in this study; the bucks were divided into two groups (five bucks in each group. Semen samples were collected once a week for four weeks from the bucks in first group using an artificial vagina, and from the animals in second group using an electroejaculator. The collected semen samples were diluted with sodium citrate extender with three different level of egg yolk (5, 10 and 20%. Extend semen samples were stored at 5 °C for three days. Computer assisted sperm analysis and Sperm Class Analyzer® were used for evaluation of the buck semen samples. Sperm motility parameters were evaluated which includes; percentage of motile sperm, percentage of progressive motile sperm, the value of the linear velocity (VSL, the value of the average velocity (VAP, the value of the curvilinear velocity (VCL, and the amplitude of lateral movement of the head (ALH. Results showed that all sperm motility parameters under the different level of egg yolk in semen samples that collected by artificial vagina were significantly higher than those which collected by electroejaculator. The percentage of motile sperm and progressive motile sperm of samples that collected by artificial vagina were higher at 10% of egg yolk, while these motility parameters were higher at 5% of egg yolk for semen samples that collected by electroejaculator. The differences between the two methods of semen collection in VCL and ALH were clear and the values were higher in samples that collected using the artificial vagina. The values of VSL, VAP and VCL of semen samples that collected by artificial vagina were higher at the second day than first day of semen storage under 10% of egg yolk. In conclusion, there are effects of the semen collection method on ability of dilution and storage of buck semen, and using of artificial vagina and 10% of egg yolk is recommended for buck semen dilution and storage.

N.N. Dhaher

2013-12-01

172

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality  

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Full Text Available It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress and 3 months after (non-stress the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO concentration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 ± 3.70 vs 77.62 ± 7.13 x 10(6/mL, rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 ± 1.66 vs 20.86 ± 1.63% and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 ± 0.01 vs 0.22 ± 0.01 U/mL were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 ± 0.56 vs 10.02 ± 0.49 µmol/L was higher compared to the non-stress period (P < 0.001 for all. During stress there was a negative correlation between NO concentration and sperm concentration, the percentage of rapid progressive motility and arginase activity (r = -0.622, P < 0.01; r = -0.425, P < 0.05 and r = -0.445, P < 0.05, respectively. These results indicate that psychological stress causes an increase of NO level and a decrease of arginase activity in the L-arginine-NO pathway. Furthermore, poor sperm quality may be due to excessive production of NO under psychological stress. In the light of these results, we suggest that the arginine-NO pathway, together with arginase and NO synthase, are involved in semen quality under stress conditions.

Eskiocak S.

2006-01-01

173

Influences of a diet supplemented with linseed oil and antioxidants on quality of equine semen after cooling and cryopreservation during winter.  

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Seasonal changes in the reproductive physiology of stallions contribute to a decrease in the quality of frozen-thawed semen during late winter. Changes in the lipid composition of the sperm plasma membrane may contribute to this phenomenon. In the present study, we have, therefore, investigated the effects of adding linseed oil (LO) in combination with antioxidants to the diet of breeding stallions on the motility and membrane integrity of cooled-stored and cryopreserved semen. Starting in November, the diet of LO stallions (n = 6) but not control (C) stallions (n = 5) was supplemented with LO (100 mL once daily) plus an antioxidant (Myostem Protect; Audevard, Clichy, France) for a total of 84 days. Before (November) and at the end of this period (February), ejaculates were processed for cryopreservation (n = 3 ejaculates per stallion) and cooled shipping at 5 °C. Frozen-thawed and cooled-shipped semen was sent to the laboratory for computer-assisted semen analysis of total motility, progressive motility, and velocity parameters (average path velocity [VAP], curved line velocity [VCL], and straight-line velocity [VSL]) and evaluation of membrane integrity. The quality of frozen-thawed semen decreased (P 0.05). A decrease in the velocity parameters VAP, VCL, and VSL was more pronounced in LO stallions than in C stallions (e.g., VSL: November LO 67 ± 1 ?m/s, C 64 ± 2 ?m/s; February LO 59 ± 2 ?m/s, C 63 ± 2 ?m/s; interaction month by treatment, P semen, total motility, progressive motility, and membrane integrity were lower in February than in November (P semen collection: total motility in November LO 88 ± 1% and C 87 ± 3%; in February LO 83 ± 2% and C 73 ± 11%; interaction month by treatment: P semen during winter. This may improve the fertility of cooled-shipped semen. In contrast, the treatment did not counteract the decrease in quality of frozen-thawed semen that occurs in late winter. PMID:24576708

Schmid-Lausigk, Yvonne; Aurich, Christine

2014-04-15

174

Decreased levels of genuine large free hCG alpha in men presenting with abnormal semen analysis  

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Abstract Background The pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and its free subunits (hCG alpha, hCG beta) are produced in the male reproductive tract and found in high concentrations in seminal fluid, in particular hCG alpha. This study aimed to elucidate changes in peptide hormone profiles in patients showing abnormal semen analyses and to determine the genuineness of the highly abundant hCG alpha. Methods Seminal plasma was obtained from 45 male...

Plas Eugen; Lindner Herbert; Gruschwitz Matthias; Gerth Regine; Zenzmaier Christoph; Berger Peter

2011-01-01

175

Inclusion of bovine serum albumin in semen extenders to enhance maintenance of stallion sperm viability.  

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Semen from seven mature stallions was used to test the motility response of sperm cells when 3% bovine serum albumin (BSA) was added to seminal plasma and skim milk diluents. A total of 45 ejaculates was collected by artificial vagina and immediately evaluated for percent motile spermatozoa (PMS), rate of forward movement (RFM) and sperm cell concentration. Aliquots (four from each ejaculate) of raw semen containing 500x10(6) sperm cells were exposed to each of the following treatments: (1) seminal plasma (SP), (2) SP+BSA, (3) skim milk (SKM), (4) SKM+BSA; and incubated in 50-ml tubes at 37 C. The sperm cell characteristics, PMS and RFM, of each treatment suspension were reevaluated at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 12, 18 and 24 hr post-treatment. Inclusion of BSA and the type of extender, either seminal plasma or skim milk, significantly (Pextenders at all incubation intervals except 24 hr. SKM+BSA maintained the highest (Psemen extenders may prolong maintenance of sperm motility. PMID:16726009

Kreider, J L; Tindall, W C; Potter, G D

1985-02-01

176

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress) and 3 months after [...] (non-stress) the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO concentration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 ± 3.70 vs 77.62 ± 7.13 x 10(6)/mL), rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 ± 1.66 vs 20.86 ± 1.63%) and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 ± 0.01 vs 0.22 ± 0.01 U/mL) were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 ± 0.56 vs 10.02 ± 0.49 µmol/L) was higher compared to the non-stress period (P

S., Eskiocak; A.S., Gozen; A., Taskiran; A.S., Kilic; M., Eskiocak; S., Gulen.

2006-05-01

177

Effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english It has been reported that mental stress causes abnormality of spermiogram parameters. We investigated the effect of psychological stress on the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway. Semen samples were collected from 29 healthy fourth semester medical students just before (stress) and 3 months after [...] (non-stress) the final examinations. Psychological stress was measured by the State Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. After standard semen analysis, arginase activity and NO concentration were measured spectrophotometrically in the seminal plasma. Measurements were made in duplicate. During the stress period, sperm concentration (41.28 ± 3.70 vs 77.62 ± 7.13 x 10(6)/mL), rapid progressive motility of spermatozoa (8.79 ± 1.66 vs 20.86 ± 1.63%) and seminal plasma arginase activity (0.12 ± 0.01 vs 0.22 ± 0.01 U/mL) were significantly lower than in the non-stress situation, whereas seminal plasma NO (17.28 ± 0.56 vs 10.02 ± 0.49 µmol/L) was higher compared to the non-stress period (P

S., Eskiocak; A.S., Gozen; A., Taskiran; A.S., Kilic; M., Eskiocak; S., Gulen.

178

Semen cryopreservation protocols of Mangalarga Marchador stallions  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The effect of the utilization of three semen protocols (Inra 82®, Merck Gema and Botu-crio®) and two filling techniques (0.25 and 0.50 mL straws) in Mangalarga Marchador stallions were studied in this experiment. Sperm parameters were assessed during processing and post-freezing. No interactions bet [...] ween the protocols and type of filling were observed, so they were assessed separately. Sperm parameters were not altered when the extender was added to the centrifugation; however, there was reduction of motility and strength when freezing extenders were added. The Botu-crio® protocol preserved the parameters of total and progressive sperm motility, smoothed path velocity (µm/s), straight line velocity (µm/s), track velocity (µm/s) and the average and fast spermatozoa percentage better than the others. No difference between the extenders for the percentage of sperm integrity was observed. There was no difference in the responses studied on the filling techniques. The stallions presented better freezing with the use of the Botu-crio® protocol. The best post-freezing viability results were found for semen frozen using the Botu-crio® protocol and there were no differences concerning the sperm quality comparing 0.25 and 0.50 mL straws.

Marcela Leite, Candeias; Marco Antonio, Alvarenga; Márcio Teoro do, Carmo; Heder Nunes, Ferreira; Mônica Russo Souto, Maior; Rodolpho de Almeida, Torres Filho; André Luís Rios, Rodrigues; Felipe Zandonadi, Brandão.

179

Semen cryopreservation protocols of Mangalarga Marchador stallions  

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Full Text Available The effect of the utilization of three semen protocols (Inra 82®, Merck Gema and Botu-crio® and two filling techniques (0.25 and 0.50 mL straws in Mangalarga Marchador stallions were studied in this experiment. Sperm parameters were assessed during processing and post-freezing. No interactions between the protocols and type of filling were observed, so they were assessed separately. Sperm parameters were not altered when the extender was added to the centrifugation; however, there was reduction of motility and strength when freezing extenders were added. The Botu-crio® protocol preserved the parameters of total and progressive sperm motility, smoothed path velocity (µm/s, straight line velocity (µm/s, track velocity (µm/s and the average and fast spermatozoa percentage better than the others. No difference between the extenders for the percentage of sperm integrity was observed. There was no difference in the responses studied on the filling techniques. The stallions presented better freezing with the use of the Botu-crio® protocol. The best post-freezing viability results were found for semen frozen using the Botu-crio® protocol and there were no differences concerning the sperm quality comparing 0.25 and 0.50 mL straws.

Marcela Leite Candeias

2012-09-01

180

Semen preservation and artificial insemination in domesticated South American camelids.  

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Semen preservation and artificial insemination in South American camelids are reviewed giving emphasis to work done in Peru and by the authors. Reports on semen evaluation and the preservation process indicate that semen of alpacas and llamas can be manipulated by making it liquid first. Collagenase appears to be the best enzyme to eliminate viscosity. Tris buffer solution maintains a higher motility than egg-yolk citrate, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), Triladyl, and Merck-I extenders. Cooling of semen took 1h after collected, and equilibrated with 7% glycerol presented a better motility and spermatozoa survival at 1, 7, 15 and 30days after being slowly frozen in 0.25mL plastic straws. Trials of artificial insemination with freshly diluted semen and frozen-thawed semen are encouraging and needs to be tested extensively under field conditions. Recently, fertility rates varied from 3 to 67%. Semen preservation and most important, artificial insemination appear to be a reality, and could be used to improve the genetic quality of alpacas and llamas. PMID:23153624

Bravo, P Walter; Alarcon, V; Baca, L; Cuba, Y; Ordoñez, C; Salinas, J; Tito, F

2013-01-10

 
 
 
 
181

Evaluation of semen presumptive tests for use at crime scenes.  

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The SERATEC PSA Semiquant and RSID-Semen tests are immunoassay kits that identify semen by detecting prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and semenogelin (Sg), respectively. Both kits were tested with semen, urine, blood, saliva, vaginal secretions and breast milk in order to determine their sensitivity and specificity. These results demonstrate that the SERATEC PSA kit is more sensitive than the RSID-Semen kit with a limit of detection of 200 ng/mL as opposed to 8.0 x 10(3) ng/mL. The RSID-Semen kit gave no false-positives or -negatives compared with 2.9% false-negatives with the SERATEC PSA kit. Results from postcoital samples show the RSID-Semen kit to be more effective, indicating that this kit is more suitable for semen identification in the Haven Suites. As a more robust and cost-effective kit, the SERATEC PSA test is recommended for use at crime scenes. The ability to obtain DNA profiles from the buffer of both kits demonstrates the potential benefit of these kits in a rape investigation. The use of these kits at crime scenes would provide an invaluable contribution by prioritizing samples for subsequent analysis, thereby allowing greater efficiency with investigation times. PMID:21595415

Laffan, Aine; Sawyer, Ian; Quinones, Ignacio; Daniel, Barbara

2011-01-01

182

ADIÇÃO DO PLASMA SEMINAL AO SÊMEN OVINO DESCONGELADO  

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The considerable variability in constituents of seminal plasma could explain the particular differences in responses to freezing and in fertility rates after artificial insemination in ovines. This study assessed the effect of a pool of concentrated seminal plasma on ovine semen after thawing. Ejaculates of 1 2 Santa Inês rams were collected using an artificial vagina, diluted in Tris/egg yolk /glycerol and frozen in a semen and embryo freezer. After thawing, sperms were incubated using conc...

LIANA VIEIRA ROCHA; CLAUDIO ANDRES REATAMAL; CÉLIA RAQUEL QUIRINO; ANGELO BURLA DIAS

2011-01-01

183

Physical and morphological characteristics of Kankrej bull semen  

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Full Text Available Aim: Present investigation was carried out to study the physical characteristics of Kankrej bulls semen by evaluation of various semen parameters from neat semen and at various stages of semen preservation. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 ejaculates, 10 each from 6 mature Kankrej bulls, once in a week for 10 weeks, were collected and analyzed for various semen attributes. Result: The mean values for different seminal attributes were: ejaculate volume 4.84 ± 0.01 ml, pH 6.88 ± 0.01, mass motility 3.72 ± 0.02, sperm concentration 1253.83 ± 14.68 million / ml, individual motility 86.15 ± 0.30 per cent, live sperm count 90.58 ± 0.20 per cent, abnormal sperm count 4.24 ± 0.03 per cent and acrosomal integrity 81.17 ± 0.11 per cent. The colour of the Kankrej bull semen under the investigation was creamy white. Mean values of ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, live sperm count and acrosomal integrity of semen differed significantly (P < 0.05 among the bulls under investigation. The ejaculate volume was positively correlated with mass motility (+ 0.392 and sperm concentration (+ 0.385 and inversely proportional to the mass motility whereas mass motility positively correlated with volume (+0.392, individual sperm motility (+0.329 and live sperm count (+0.527. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the volume, pH, mass motility and sperm concentration of Kankrej bull semen were well comparable with other breeds of Indian cattle, however higher individual motility, live sperm count, acrosomal integrity and lower abnormal sperm count were recorded in the Kankrej bull semen. [Vet World 2013; 6(7.000: 405-408

Bharatkumar R. Patel

184

A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for ABO blood typing of semen by using anti-p 84 monoclonal antibody as a marker of blood group substance in semen.  

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A blood group substance (BGS), a protein with ABH antigenic activity, was isolated from human seminal plasma and designated as p 84 (Sato, 1995). We have developed a method for determining the ABO blood type of semen by performing a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in which p 84 is captured with an anti-p 84 monoclonal antibody, and evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of this method. Although BGS activity was detected in semen sensitively by this method, it was not detected in saliva, urine, breast milk, blood or vaginal secretions. Since the concentration of p 84 in semen was independent of the secretion status, the status can be determined as non-secretor when p 84 but not BGS activity was detected. To determine the stability of BGS activity on p 84, dried stains of semen on filter paper were kept at 4, 26, and 37 degrees C for 8 months, 2 years and 1 month, respectively, and their BGS activities were examined. After 8 months at 4 degrees C, over 60% of the original BGS activity was recovered from the stain. The activity could be detected even from a square as small as 0.25 by 0.25 cm. After 1 month at 37 degrees C and 2 years at 26 degrees C, 31 and 20% of the BGS activity, respectively, still remained. It could be detected from the pieces of 1.0 by 1.0 cm and 0.5 by 0.5 cm squares, kept for 1 month at 37 degrees C and 2 years at 26 degrees C, respectively. Finally, semen was mixed with saliva or blood at varying volumetric ratios and used for the sources of dried stains. The BGS activity of p 84 could be detected in the stains until the ratio between semen and saliva or blood reached 1:4. We conclude that this sandwich ELISA offers a more sensitive and specific method for determining the ABO blood type of semen samples obtained from sexual assault victims than existing methods, such as the conventional absorption-elution and classical hemagglutination-inhibition tests. PMID:10914572

Sato, I; Nakamura, A; Ujiie, K; Yukawa, N; Nakajima, Y

2000-07-01

185

Bacterial Communities in Semen from Men of Infertile Couples: Metagenomic Sequencing Reveals Relationships of Seminal Microbiota to Semen Quality  

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Some previous studies have identified bacteria in semen as being a potential factor in male infertility. However, only few types of bacteria were taken into consideration while using PCR-based or culturing methods. Here we present an analysis approach using next-generation sequencing technology and bioinformatics analysis to investigate the associations between bacterial communities and semen quality. Ninety-six semen samples collected were examined for bacterial communities, measuring seven clinical criteria for semen quality (semen volume, sperm concentration, motility, Kruger's strict morphology, antisperm antibody (IgA), Atypical, and leukocytes). Computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) was also performed. Results showed that the most abundant genera among all samples were Lactobacillus (19.9%), Pseudomonas (9.85%), Prevotella (8.51%) and Gardnerella (4.21%). The proportion of Lactobacillus and Gardnerella was significantly higher in the normal samples, while that of Prevotella was significantly higher in the low quality samples. Unsupervised clustering analysis demonstrated that the seminal bacterial communities were clustered into three main groups: Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas, and Prevotella predominant group. Remarkably, most normal samples (80.6%) were clustered in Lactobacillus predominant group. The analysis results showed seminal bacteria community types were highly associated with semen health. Lactobacillus might not only be a potential probiotic for semen quality maintenance, but also might be helpful in countering the negative influence of Prevotella and Pseudomonas. In this study, we investigated whole seminal bacterial communities and provided the most comprehensive analysis of the association between bacterial community and semen quality. The study significantly contributes to the current understanding of the etiology of male fertility. PMID:25340531

Weng, Shun-Long; Chiu, Chih-Min; Lin, Feng-Mao; Huang, Wei-Chih; Liang, Chao; Yang, Ting; Yang, Tzu-Ling; Liu, Chia-Yu; Wu, Wei-Yun; Chang, Yi-An; Chang, Tzu-Hao; Huang, Hsien-Da

2014-01-01

186

EFFECT OF TWO PROTOCOLS OF CRYOPRESERVATION ON FERTILIZING CAPACITY OF STALLION (Equus caballus SEMEN EFECTO DE DOS PROTOCOLOS DE CRIOPRESERVACIÓN SOBRE LA CAPACIDAD FECUNDANTE DE SEMEN EQUINO (Equus caballus  

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Full Text Available Abstract. Semen cryopreservation is a fundamental process for the development of biotechnologies for assisted reproduction in horses. The use of cryopreservation techniques with changes in concentrations and the nature of the cryoprotectant, as well as, the different types of vials for storage of semen, have become an alternative to improve the protocols used. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of two protocols of cryopreservation (freezing and vitrification on the fertilizing capacity of stallion semen. The study was conducted with horses of the Criollo Colombiano breed. For freezing was used a extender supplemented with egg yolk (4% and dimethyl formamide (5%, and 0.5 mL straws as vials, whereas for vitrification, the extender was supplemented with egg yolk (8% and dimethyl formamide (8%, and cryovials were used as carriers. As post thaw parameters were evaluated: progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and integrity of the plasma membrane through the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS. For statistical evaluation was fitted a generalized linear model (GLM and means were compared by the Tukey test. Were found average percentages of progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and HOS of 41.6 ± 11.8 and 37 ± 8.5, 54.3 ± 10.2 and 52.3 ± 7.8, 83.1 ± 5.4 and 83.6 ± 5.8, 41.7 ± 9.8 and 38.9 ± 3.6, for cryopreserved semen by freezing and vitrification, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences (P ? 0.05 between treatments for any of the parameters evaluated. The fertilizing capacity of equine semen cryopreserved by vitrification is comparable to that obtained by conventional freezing.Resumen. La criopreservación de semen es un proceso fundamental en el desarrollo de biotecnologías para la reproducción asistida en equinos. El uso de diferentes técnicas de criopreservación con cambios en las concentraciones y la naturaleza de los crioprotectores, así como en los diferentes tipos de soportes para el almacenamiento del semen, se ha constituido en una alternativa para mejorar los protocolos empleados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dos protocolos de criopreservación (congelación y vitrificación, sobre la capacidad fecundante del semen equino. El estudio se realizó con equinos de la raza Criollo Colombiano. Para la congelación se empleó un diluyente suplementado con de yema de huevo (4% y dimetilformamida (5%, y pajillas de 0,5 mL como soportes; mientras que para la vitrificación, el diluyente fue suplementado con yema de huevo (8% y dimetilformamida (8% y se usaron crioviales como soportes. Post-descongelación, se evaluaron los parámetros: movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal e integridad de la membrana plasmática (HOS. Para la evaluación estadística se ajustó un modelo lineal generalizado (GLM y las medias se compararon por la prueba de Tukey. Se encontraron porcentajes promedio de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal y HOS de 41,6±11,8 y 37,0±8,5, 54,3±10,2 y 52,3±7,8, 83,1±5,4 y 83,6±5,8, 41,7±9,8 y 38,9±3,6, para el semen criopreservado por congelación y vitrificación, respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (P ? 0,05 entre los tratamientos para ninguno de los parámetros evaluados. La capacidad fecundante del semen equino criopreservado por vitrificación es equiparable a la obtenida por congelación convencional.

Giovanni Restrepo Betancur

2012-06-01

187

Evidence of excretion of Schmallenberg virus in bull semen.  

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Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a novel orthobunyavirus, discovered in Germany in late 2011. It mainly infects cattle, sheep and goats and could lead to congenital infection, causing abortion and fetal abnormalities. SBV is transmitted by biting midges from the Culicoides genus and there is no evidence that natural infection occurs directly between ruminants. Here, we could detect SBV RNA in infected bull semen using qRT-PCR (three bulls out of seven tested positive; 29 positive semen batches out of 136). We also found that highly positive semen batches from SBV infected bulls can provoke an acute infection in IFNAR-/- mice, suggesting the potential presence of infectious virus in the semen of SBV infected bulls. PMID:24708245

Ponsart, Claire; Pozzi, Nathalie; Bréard, Emmanuel; Catinot, Virginie; Viard, Guillaume; Sailleau, Corinne; Viarouge, Cyril; Gouzil, Julie; Beer, Martin; Zientara, Stéphan; Vitour, Damien

2014-01-01

188

Relación entre calidad del semen y la edad / Relationship between quality of semen and age  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la calidad del semen humano y la edad. Material y Métodos: El espermatograma se realizó siguiendo el Manual de Laboratorio de la OMS para el examen del Semen Humano y de la Interacción Moco Cervical y Semen (1999), de los exámenes realizados entre julio 2003 a [...] diciembre 2008. Se estudiaron 2 441 casos de varones que cumplen con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: La motilidad A+B fue de 51,55% para varones de 20 a 29 años; los espermatozoides normales fue de 77,73% para varones mayores de 50 años; el recuento espermático (mill/ml) fue de 61,09 para varones mayores de 50 años.La evaluación de la motilidad espermática tuvo como coeficiente de correlación lineal múltiple de 0,222 y coeficiente de determinación de 0,049; en la morfología espermática, coeficiente de correlación lineal de 0,0622 y coeficiente de determinación de 0,0039; en el recuento espermático, coeficiente de correlación lineal múltiple de 0,465 y coeficiente de determinación de 0,216. Conclusiones: existe una tendencia inversa entre la motilidad y la edad, una tendencia directa entre el recuento espermático y la edad, y una tendencia constante entre morfología espermática y edad. Abstract in english Objectives: To determine the relationship between the quality of human semen and age. Methods: A spermatogram was performed following the WHO´s laboratory manual to evaluate human sperm and the interaction between cervical mucus and semen (1999) from July 2003 and December 2008. We studied 2441 male [...] cases that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Results: A+B motility was 51.55% for 20-29 years of age male participants; normal spermatozoids were found in 77.73% of males above 50 years of age; the spermatic count (mill/ml) was 61.09 for males above 50 years of age. Spermatic motility had a multiple lineal correlation coefficient of 0.222 and a determination coefficient of 0.049; respective values for the spermatic count were 0.465 and 0.216. Conclusions: There is an inverse trend between motility and age, a direct trend between spermatic count and age, and a constant trend between spermatic morphology and age.

John, Chávez; José, Yarlequé; Elmer, Avalos; Ruth, Barrientos-Marka; MarcoAntonio, García.

189

Effect of low density lipoproteins in extender on freezability and fertility of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull semen.  

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This study was designed to determine whether low-density lipoporoteins (LDLs) extracted from egg yolk in extender improve the freezability and fertility of buffalo bull semen. Semen from three Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls was diluted at 37 °C with tris-citric acid extender (50 × 10(6) motile spermatozoa mL(-1)) containing LDLs 2.5%, 5%, 10%, and 15% extracted from egg yolk and extender containing 20% egg yolk was kept as control. Diluted semen was cooled to 4 °C in 2 h, equilibrated at 4 °C for 4 h, filled in 0.5 mL French straws, and kept on liquid nitrogen vapors for 10 min. Straws were then plunged and stored in liquid nitrogen (-196 °C). Sperm motility (visually; %), plasma membrane integrity (%; with supravital hypo-osmotic swelling test), and viability (%; with dual staining test using Trypan-blue Giemsa) were assessed at post-dilution, pre-freezing and post-thawing. At post-dilution and pre-freezing, sperm progressive motility, plasma membrane integrity and viability was similar (P > 0.05) in extender containing 10% LDLs or the control. However, at post-thaw the aforementioned parameters were higher (P buffalo bull spermatozoa. PMID:21601914

Akhter, S; Ansari, M S; Rakha, B A; Andrabi, S M H; Khalid, M; Ullah, N

2011-09-01

190

Fatores de risco na transmissão do lentivírus caprino pelo sêmen / Risk factors in caprine lentivirus transmission through semen  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a presença do DNA pró-viral do lentivírus caprino (LVC) em ejaculados de machos infectados naturalmente, e verificar a influência da lavagem do sêmen e da presença de inflamação testicular sobre a carga viral. Foram realizadas oito coletas de sêmen de sete repro [...] dutores soropositivos para o LVC: quatro antes dos animais sofrerem dano testicular e quatro depois. Entre as coletas realizadas na mesma semana, em uma, o ejaculado era lavado, para retirada do plasma seminal, e na outra, não. O DNA pró-viral do LVC foi identificado pela reação em cadeia da polimerase Nested (PCR Nested), e pelo isolamento viral. O vírus foi isolado em 7,1% das amostras. A PCR identificou o DNA pró-viral em 35,7% do total das amostras: 17,9% nas amostras lavadas e 53,6% das amostras de sêmen integrais. O dano ao testículo permite maior fluxo do vírus para o sêmen, pois antes do dano, 21,4% das amostras foram positivas e pós-dano, 50%. A transmissão do LVC pelo sêmen de reprodutores caprinos é potencializada pela presença de inflamações testiculares e pelo fato de o sêmen criopreservado conter o LVC na forma infectante. Abstract in english The objective of this work was to evaluate the presence of the DNA provirus of the caprine lentivirus (LVC) in ejaculates of naturally infected males, and to verify the influence of the wash of the semen as well as the presence of testicle inflammation on the viral load. Eight semen collections of s [...] even soropositive reproducers were accomplished, four before testicle injury and four after injury. Amongst the collections carried out at the same week, in one the ejaculate was washed, to withdraw the plasma seminal, and in the other it was not. The provirus DNA was identified both by Nested polymerase chain reaction technique (Nested PCR) and by the viral isolation. The virus was isolated in 7.1% of the samples. The PCR identified the provirus DNA in 35.7% of all samples, 17.9% in the washed samples and 53.6% of the integral semen samples. The injury of the testicle tends to greater flow of virus for the semen, therefore, before injury, 21.4% of the samples were positive and after-injury, 50%. Risk of transmission of the LVC by semen of goat reproducers is strengthened by the presence of testicle inflammations and the fact that the criopreserved semen contains the LVC in infecting form.

Alice, Andrioli; Aurora Maria Guimarães, Gouveia; Almir de Sousa, Martins; Raymundo Rizaldo, Pinheiro; Diones Oliveira, Santos.

1313-13-01

191

Fatores de risco na transmissão do lentivírus caprino pelo sêmen Risk factors in caprine lentivirus transmission through semen  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a presença do DNA pró-viral do lentivírus caprino (LVC em ejaculados de machos infectados naturalmente, e verificar a influência da lavagem do sêmen e da presença de inflamação testicular sobre a carga viral. Foram realizadas oito coletas de sêmen de sete reprodutores soropositivos para o LVC: quatro antes dos animais sofrerem dano testicular e quatro depois. Entre as coletas realizadas na mesma semana, em uma, o ejaculado era lavado, para retirada do plasma seminal, e na outra, não. O DNA pró-viral do LVC foi identificado pela reação em cadeia da polimerase Nested (PCR Nested, e pelo isolamento viral. O vírus foi isolado em 7,1% das amostras. A PCR identificou o DNA pró-viral em 35,7% do total das amostras: 17,9% nas amostras lavadas e 53,6% das amostras de sêmen integrais. O dano ao testículo permite maior fluxo do vírus para o sêmen, pois antes do dano, 21,4% das amostras foram positivas e pós-dano, 50%. A transmissão do LVC pelo sêmen de reprodutores caprinos é potencializada pela presença de inflamações testiculares e pelo fato de o sêmen criopreservado conter o LVC na forma infectante.The objective of this work was to evaluate the presence of the DNA provirus of the caprine lentivirus (LVC in ejaculates of naturally infected males, and to verify the influence of the wash of the semen as well as the presence of testicle inflammation on the viral load. Eight semen collections of seven soropositive reproducers were accomplished, four before testicle injury and four after injury. Amongst the collections carried out at the same week, in one the ejaculate was washed, to withdraw the plasma seminal, and in the other it was not. The provirus DNA was identified both by Nested polymerase chain reaction technique (Nested PCR and by the viral isolation. The virus was isolated in 7.1% of the samples. The PCR identified the provirus DNA in 35.7% of all samples, 17.9% in the washed samples and 53.6% of the integral semen samples. The injury of the testicle tends to greater flow of virus for the semen, therefore, before injury, 21.4% of the samples were positive and after-injury, 50%. Risk of transmission of the LVC by semen of goat reproducers is strengthened by the presence of testicle inflammations and the fact that the criopreserved semen contains the LVC in infecting form.

Alice Andrioli

2006-08-01

192

Bull Semen Collection and Analysis for Artificial Insemination  

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Insemination is acknowledged as a breeding method that contributes to improvement of farm animal populations, particularly of cattle. Artificial insemination allows for maximum use of the most valuable breeders and, at the same time, for significant increase of breeding advance. Moreover, using semen of proved quality reduces the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. The purpose of this study was to present the process of collection and analysis of bulls’ semen in the Mazovian Centre ...

Karolina Barszcz; Dariusz Wiesetek; Michal Wasowicz; Marta Kupczynska

2012-01-01

193

In vitro fertility assessment of Kundhi buffalo bull semen  

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Full Text Available The study was conducted on in-vitro fertility assessment of frozen thawed semen collected from Kundhi buffalo bull maintained at Department of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam. Before freezing of semen, each ejaculate was assessed for volume, sperm concentration, mass activity and moss motility percentage. Twenty semen samples having motility 60% or above were frozen for post-thaw assessment. Frozen thawed semen was incubated at 250C for 5 hours and examined for progressive linear motility and live dead sperm count. The mean volume, mass activity, moss motility percentage sperm concentrations and pH of the semen were found to be 2.79±0.217 ml, 2.85±0.111, 71.75±2.621, 11.35±1.255 millions/ml and 5.8185±0.092 respectively of fresh semen. No significant difference was found between the parameters except pH, which was significantly different between the bulls. The mean sperm motility percentage and live dead sperm count % of Kundhi buffalo bull semen was found to be 20.46±1.62 and 6.9± 0.2% for frozen semen. A significant (P< 0.05 difference was found between the bulls for post-thaw motility percentage. It was found that at 01 hour incubation, 43.25±2.95% of sperms were motile having 11.78±0.28 % dead sperm count. It was gradually decline from 0 to 5 hours incubation, After 5 hours, all sperms were found dead. It is concluded that sperms maintaining long term motility and having less live dead sperms count were considered suitable for artificial insemination.

Hamzo Khan Kunbhar,

2011-02-01

194

ADIÇÃO DO PLASMA SEMINAL AO SÊMEN OVINO DESCONGELADO  

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Full Text Available The considerable variability in constituents of seminal plasma could explain the particular differences in responses to freezing and in fertility rates after artificial insemination in ovines. This study assessed the effect of a pool of concentrated seminal plasma on ovine semen after thawing. Ejaculates of 1 2 Santa Inês rams were collected using an artificial vagina, diluted in Tris/egg yolk /glycerol and frozen in a semen and embryo freezer. After thawing, sperms were incubated using concentrated seminal plasma (1 0X for 1 5 min. Semen was submitted to biochemical analysis, followed by a computerized assessment of its physical characteristics, hypoosmotic test and heat resistance evaluation. The electrophoretic analysis of seminal plasma indicated particular differences in the samples protein composition,which were attenuated by the seminal plasma pool. The samples treated with seminal plasma showed progressive reduced motility. No statistically significant difference was observed in the other semen characteristics (p<0.05,between samples treated with seminal plasma and control samples. The concentrated seminal plasma pool didnot improve the assessed semen characteristics.

LIANA VIEIRA ROCHA

2011-06-01

195

The Semen Microbiome and Its Relationship with Local Immunology and Viral Load in HIV Infection  

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Semen is a major vector for HIV transmission, but the semen HIV RNA viral load (VL) only correlates moderately with the blood VL. Viral shedding can be enhanced by genital infections and associated inflammation, but it can also occur in the absence of classical pathogens. Thus, we hypothesized that a dysregulated semen microbiome correlates with local HIV shedding. We analyzed semen samples from 49 men who have sex with men (MSM), including 22 HIV-uninfected and 27 HIV-infected men, at baseline and after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR. We studied the relationship of semen bacteria with HIV infection, semen cytokine levels, and semen VL by linear regression, non-metric multidimensional scaling, and goodness-of-fit test. Streptococcus, Corynebacterium, and Staphylococcus were common semen bacteria, irrespective of HIV status. While Ureaplasma was the more abundant Mollicutes in HIV-uninfected men, Mycoplasma dominated after HIV infection. HIV infection was associated with decreased semen microbiome diversity and richness, which were restored after six months of ART. In HIV-infected men, semen bacterial load correlated with seven pro-inflammatory semen cytokines, including IL-6 (p?=?0.024), TNF-? (p?=?0.009), and IL-1b (p?=?0.002). IL-1b in particular was associated with semen VL (r2?=?0.18, p?=?0.02). Semen bacterial load was also directly linked to the semen HIV VL (r2?=?0.15, p?=?0.02). HIV infection reshapes the relationship between semen bacteria and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and both are linked to semen VL, which supports a role of the semen microbiome in HIV sexual transmission. PMID:25058515

Liu, Cindy M.; Osborne, Brendan J. W.; Hungate, Bruce A.; Shahabi, Kamnoosh; Huibner, Sanja; Lester, Richard; Dwan, Michael G.; Kovacs, Colin; Contente-Cuomo, Tania L.; Benko, Erika; Aziz, Maliha

2014-01-01

196

The semen microbiome and its relationship with local immunology and viral load in HIV infection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen is a major vector for HIV transmission, but the semen HIV RNA viral load (VL) only correlates moderately with the blood VL. Viral shedding can be enhanced by genital infections and associated inflammation, but it can also occur in the absence of classical pathogens. Thus, we hypothesized that a dysregulated semen microbiome correlates with local HIV shedding. We analyzed semen samples from 49 men who have sex with men (MSM), including 22 HIV-uninfected and 27 HIV-infected men, at baseline and after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR. We studied the relationship of semen bacteria with HIV infection, semen cytokine levels, and semen VL by linear regression, non-metric multidimensional scaling, and goodness-of-fit test. Streptococcus, Corynebacterium, and Staphylococcus were common semen bacteria, irrespective of HIV status. While Ureaplasma was the more abundant Mollicutes in HIV-uninfected men, Mycoplasma dominated after HIV infection. HIV infection was associated with decreased semen microbiome diversity and richness, which were restored after six months of ART. In HIV-infected men, semen bacterial load correlated with seven pro-inflammatory semen cytokines, including IL-6 (p = 0.024), TNF-? (p = 0.009), and IL-1b (p = 0.002). IL-1b in particular was associated with semen VL (r(2)? = 0.18, p = 0.02). Semen bacterial load was also directly linked to the semen HIV VL (r(2) = 0.15, p = 0.02). HIV infection reshapes the relationship between semen bacteria and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and both are linked to semen VL, which supports a role of the semen microbiome in HIV sexual transmission. PMID:25058515

Liu, Cindy M; Osborne, Brendan J W; Hungate, Bruce A; Shahabi, Kamnoosh; Huibner, Sanja; Lester, Richard; Dwan, Michael G; Kovacs, Colin; Contente-Cuomo, Tania L; Benko, Erika; Aziz, Maliha; Price, Lance B; Kaul, Rupert

2014-07-01

197

The bitch uterine response to semen deposition and its modification by male accessory gland secretions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Little is known about the response of the bitch's reproductive tract to semen deposition. In this study, an influx of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) into the uterus was detected after artificial insemination, but there was normal fertility. Doppler ultrasonography showed that insemination induced an increase in uterine artery blood velocity and a decrease in the resistance index of short duration, indicating vasodilation. Semen that was extended in fluid from the sperm rich fraction of the ejaculate (seminal plasma, SP), or third fraction of the ejaculate (prostatic fluid, PF), produced a similar magnitude of effect but of longer duration. It was hypothesised that vasodilation following insemination was largely induced by SP and PF which, together with PMN influx, was part of a normal uterine response. Physiological concentrations of PMNs in vitro reduced the ability of spermatozoa to attach to uterine epithelium, most likely as a result of spermatozoa becoming attached to PMNs. However, both SP and PF increased attachment of spermatozoa to the uterine epithelium by reducing sperm attachment to PMNs, and potentially by an additional mechanism that did not involve inhibition of sperm binding to PMNs. These are the first canine studies to document an apparent physiological response by the uterus to semen, associated with uterine artery vasodilation and PMN influx. Moreover, these investigations are the first to demonstrate that canine SF and PF are part of the mechanism for increasing uterine perfusion and that both fluids have a modulatory effect on PMN-induced inhibition of spermatozoal attachment to uterine epithelium, most likely mediated by reduced sperm attachment to PMNs. PMID:22652115

England, G C W; Russo, M; Freeman, S L

2013-02-01

198

EFFECT OF TWO PROTOCOLS OF CRYOPRESERVATION ON FERTILIZING CAPACITY OF STALLION (Equus caballus) SEMEN / EFECTO DE DOS PROTOCOLOS DE CRIOPRESERVACIÓN SOBRE LA CAPACIDAD FECUNDANTE DE SEMEN EQUINO (Equus caballus)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Resumen. La criopreservación de semen es un proceso fundamental en el desarrollo de biotecnologías para la reproducción asistida en equinos. El uso de diferentes técnicas de criopreservación con cambios en las concentraciones y la naturaleza de los crioprotectores, así como en los diferentes tipos d [...] e soportes para el almacenamiento del semen, se ha constituido en una alternativa para mejorar los protocolos empleados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dos protocolos de criopreservación (congelación y vitrificación), sobre la capacidad fecundante del semen equino. El estudio se realizó con equinos de la raza Criollo Colombiano. Para la congelación se empleó un diluyente suplementado con de yema de huevo (4%) y dimetilformamida (5%), y pajillas de 0,5 mL como soportes; mientras que para la vitrificación, el diluyente fue suplementado con yema de huevo (8%) y dimetilformamida (8%) y se usaron crioviales como soportes. Post-descongelación, se evaluaron los parámetros: movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal e integridad de la membrana plasmática (HOS). Para la evaluación estadística se ajustó un modelo lineal generalizado (GLM) y las medias se compararon por la prueba de Tukey. Se encontraron porcentajes promedio de movilidad progresiva, vitalidad, morfología normal y HOS de 41,6±11,8 y 37,0±8,5, 54,3±10,2 y 52,3±7,8, 83,1±5,4 y 83,6±5,8, 41,7±9,8 y 38,9±3,6, para el semen criopreservado por congelación y vitrificación, respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (P ? 0,05) entre los tratamientos para ninguno de los parámetros evaluados. La capacidad fecundante del semen equino criopreservado por vitrificación es equiparable a la obtenida por congelación convencional. Abstract in english Abstract. Semen cryopreservation is a fundamental process for the development of biotechnologies for assisted reproduction in horses. The use of cryopreservation techniques with changes in concentrations and the nature of the cryoprotectant, as well as, the different types of vials for storage of se [...] men, have become an alternative to improve the protocols used. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of two protocols of cryopreservation (freezing and vitrification) on the fertilizing capacity of stallion semen. The study was conducted with horses of the Criollo Colombiano breed. For freezing was used a extender supplemented with egg yolk (4%) and dimethyl formamide (5%), and 0.5 mL straws as vials, whereas for vitrification, the extender was supplemented with egg yolk (8%) and dimethyl formamide (8%), and cryovials were used as carriers. As post thaw parameters were evaluated: progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and integrity of the plasma membrane through the hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS). For statistical evaluation was fitted a generalized linear model (GLM) and means were compared by the Tukey test. Were found average percentages of progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology and HOS of 41.6 ± 11.8 and 37 ± 8.5, 54.3 ± 10.2 and 52.3 ± 7.8, 83.1 ± 5.4 and 83.6 ± 5.8, 41.7 ± 9.8 and 38.9 ± 3.6, for cryopreserved semen by freezing and vitrification, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences (P ? 0.05) between treatments for any of the parameters evaluated. The fertilizing capacity of equine semen cryopreserved by vitrification is comparable to that obtained by conventional freezing.

Giovanni, Restrepo Betancur; Juan Esteban, Duque Cortés; Juan David, Montoya Páez.

199

Characterization and activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme in Holstein semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was designed to perform immunodetection in spermatozoa and seminal plasma, immunolocalization in spermatozoa, and evaluation of the enzymatic activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in the semen of Holstein bulls. We used ejaculates from five bulls as part of a regular collection of semen. The monoclonal anti-ACE antibody recognized a single protein band with 100 kDa in detergent extract prepared from sperm and in seminal plasma. ACE enzymatic activity in sperm was 43.7, 21.3, 45.6, 60.0, and 57.7 mU/mL in bulls 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively, and 0.3, 2.3, 3.0, 2.3, and 2.6 mU/mL in seminal plasma of the same bulls, respectively. The average percentages of sperm with acrosome reactions after treatment with heparin were 28.3%, 28.6%, 35.2%, 25.0%, and 32.3%, respectively. These values were higher than the percentages of acrosome reactions in controls and the captopril group (P0.05). After 4h of incubation, motility in the control group (32.9%) was significantly higher than that in the heparin (15.7%) and captopril (12.1%) groups. No difference was found in motility after the capacitation assay in the heparin and captopril groups (P>0.05). In conclusion, ACE was immunologically localized in the acrosome of the spermatozoa of Holstein bull, the specific enzymatic activity of ACE in detergent-extracted spermatozoa and seminal plasma was inhibited by captopril, and this ACE inhibitor reduced the percentage of sperm with progressive motility and acrosome reactions after capacitation in vitro. PMID:22770554

Costa, Deiler S; Thundathil, Jacob C

2012-07-01

200

Lifestyle and semen quality: role of modifiable risk factors.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between exposure to lifestyle factors and adverse effects on human reproductive health is debated in the scientific literature and these controversies have increased public and regulatory attention. The aim of the study was to examine the association between modifiable lifestyle factors and main semen parameters, sperm morphology, and sperm chromatin structure. The study population consisted of 344 men who were attending an infertility clinic for diagnostic purposes with normal semen concentration of 20-300?M/ml or with slight oligozoospermia (semen total concentration of 15-20?M/ml) [WHO 1999]. Participants were interviewed and provided semen samples. The interview included questions about demographics, socio-economic status, medical history, lifestyle factors (consumption of alcohol, tobacco, coffee intake, cell phone and sauna usage), and physical activity. The results of the study suggest that lifestyle factors may affect semen quality. A negative association was found between increased body mass index (BMI) and semen volume (p?=?0.03). Leisure time activity was positively associated with sperm concentration (p?=?0.04) and coffee drinking with the percentage of motile sperm cells, and the percentage of sperm head and neck abnormalities (p?=?0.01, p?=?0.05, and p?=?0.03, respectively). Drinking red wine 1-3 times per week was negatively related to sperm neck abnormalities (p?=?0.01). Additionally, using a cell phone more than 10 years decreased the percentage of motile sperm cells (p?=?0.02). Men who wore boxer shorts had a lower percentage of sperm neck abnormalities (p?=?0.002) and percentage of sperm with DNA damage (p?=?0.02). These findings may have important implications for semen quality and lifestyle. PMID:24074254

Jurewicz, Joanna; Radwan, Micha?; Sobala, Wojciech; Ligocka, Danuta; Radwan, Pawe?; Bochenek, Micha?; Hanke, Wojciech

2014-02-01

 
 
 
 
201

Toxicity of cryoprotectants to honey bee semen and queens.  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the threats to the intraspecific biodiversity of Apis mellifera and the pressure on bee breeding to come up with disease-tolerant lines, techniques to cryopreserve drone semen are of great interest. Freeze-thawed drone semen of high viability and/or motility has repeatedly been obtained, but fertility of such semen, when it was measured, was always low. The cryoprotective agent (CPA) most frequently used with drone semen is dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), although this substance has been suspected of causing genetic damage in sperm. No form of sperm washing is currently performed. Using a membrane permeability assay, we measured the short-term toxicity of four possible replacements for DMSO, 1,3-propane diol, 2,3-butane diol, ethylene glycol, and dimethyl formamide. We also tested whether the practice of inseminating queens with CPA-containing semen affects sperm numbers in the storage organs of queens, or sperm fertility. Finally, we tested whether CPA-toxicity in vivo can be reduced by using mixtures of two CPAs, DMSO, and ethylene glycol. Our results show that, although short-term toxicity of all CPAs tested was low, the presence of single CPAs in insemination mixtures at concentrations required for slow freezing greatly reduced the number of sperm reaching the spermatheca. Contrary to earlier reports, this was also true for DMSO. Ethylene glycol was additionally shown to reduce the viability of spermatozoa reaching the storage organ. Mixtures of DMSO and EthGly performed better than either substance used singly at the same concentration. We conclude that the toxicity of CPAs, including DMSO, on honey bee semen and/or queens has been underestimated in the past. This could partly explain the discrepancy between in vitro and in vivo quality of cryopreserved drone semen, described by others. Combinations of several CPAs and techniques to partly remove CPAs after thawing could help to solve this problem. PMID:22115807

Wegener, J; Bienefeld, K

2012-02-01

202

Is smoking a risk factor for decreased semen quality? : A cross-sectional analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Previous studies suggest a deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on semen quality, but their results have not been consistent. We studied the association between current smoking and semen characteristics and hormonal levels in a large group of healthy men.

Ramlau-Hansen, Cecilia; Thulstrup, A M

2007-01-01

203

Seasonal Variations in Certain Physical and Biochemical Attributes of Semen from Cholistani Bulls  

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Full Text Available In the present study, effects of stress-free and stressful seasons on certain physical and biochemical attributes of semen of Cholistani AI bulls were investigated. A total of 382 ejaculates from six bulls were collected at weekly intervals during four seasons viz. stress-free autumn (October-November, stressful winter (December-January, stressful dry summer (May-June and stressful wet summer (July-August. These ejaculates were evaluated for various physical and biochemical attributes. Overall mean values (±SEM for ejaculatory volume, number of ejaculates per bull, mass motility, individual sperm motility, sperm concentration, number of doses of semen frozen per bull, percentages of live, morphologically normal sperm and those with intact acrosome were 4.92±0.14 mL, 1.89±0.02, 2.26±0.06, 63.51±1.03%, 989.73±27.4 million/mL, 208.26±8.42, 86.74±0.55%, 86.34±0.51% and 86.64±0.48%, respectively. In general, all the parameters revealed significantly (P<0.05 better results in stressful seasons as compared to stress-free season. Overall mean values for Na+, K+, cholesterol and glucose in the seminal plasma were 102.79±3.95 & 36.65±0.99 mEq/L, 152.02±3.17 & 127.22±3.65 mg/dL, respectively. Amongst these, Na+ was higher (P<0.05 during dry summer, whereas K+ was higher in dry summer and winter. Cholesterol and glucose were elevated (P<0.05 during dry summer season. Correlation analysis revealed significant positive correlations between mass and individual sperm motility, morphologically normal and live sperm and sperm acrosome integrity and live sperm (P<0.01. Among biochemical attributes of seminal plasma, Na+ and K+, cholesterol and K+ and glucose and Na+ were correlated (P<0.01. Considering seminal plasma biochemical constituents and physical attributes, only seminal plasma cholesterol was positively correlated with ejaculatory volume (P<0.01. In conclusion, various physical and biochemical attributes of Cholistani bull semen were better in stressful seasons as compared to stress free season.

Umer Farooq, Ahmad Ijaz1, Nazir Ahmad2*, Habib Rehman1 and Hafsa Zaneb3

2013-11-01

204

Deer Frozen Semen Quality in Tris Sucrose and Tris Glucose Extender with Different Glycerol Concentrations  

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In order to improve Timor deer (Cervus timorensis) frozen semen quality, the influence of sugar and glycerol concentration on semen characteristics of sperm was investigated. The semen was collected from five sexually mature Timor deer using an electroejaculator. The semen was evaluated and divided into six equal tubes and diluted with Tris sucrose glycerol 10% (TSG10); Tris sucrose glycerol 12% (TSG12); Tris sucrose glycerol 14% (TSG14); Tris glucose glycerol 10% (TGG10); Tris glucose glyce...

Nalley, W. M. M.; Handarini, R.; Arifiantini, R. I.; Yusuf, T. L.; Purwantara, B.; Semiadi, G.

2011-01-01

205

The clinical significance of corrected seminal plasma prolactin level in men with asthenospermia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the clinical significance of corrected seminal prolactin assay in men with asthenospermia. Methods: Routine semen analysis and seminal plasma prolactin assay were performed on the men with asthenospermia, oligo-asthenospermia, normospermia. Prolactin was assessed by radioimmunoassay. The relationship between the level of corrected seminal plasma prolactin and the quality of semen was analyzed. Results: The mean level of the corrected seminal prolactin in the men with asthenospermia was (26.1±12.8) ?g/L and was significantly higher than that of the men with normospermia. Seminal plasma prolactin concentration showed linear increasing alongside with the decreasing of the semen motility and motility degrees. Conclusion: The detection of corrected seminal plasma prolactin level will provide an objective index for evaluating the semen quality of asthenospermic men

206

[Semen characteristics and fertility (author's transl)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The semen characteristics of 215 fertile men (F = fathers requesting vasectomy) and of 409 infertile men (I) have been analysed under strictly identical conditions. The mean values for volume, sperm concentration, and the percentages of motile, vital and morphologically normal spermatozoa were greater in group F than in I. Seminal variations were much greater in cases of testicular lesions (cryptorchidism, hypotrophy) than in varicocele, although there remains a difference between F and I even after exclusion of all clinical lesions suggesting a role for other factors in the origin of much cases of infertility. Other than in cases of azoospermia, there is no difference in the function of the accessory glands detectable by the assay of seminal biochemical markers: fructose (seminal vesicles) acid phosphatase and citrate (prostate); only L-carnitine (epididymal marker) is elevated in the fertile men, however this difference is only a reflection of the observed difference in sperm concentration in combination with the close correlation between sperm concentration and L-carnitine values. PMID:7340697

Jouannet, P; Soufir, J C; Ducot, B; Spira, A; Soumah, A; Marson, J

1981-01-01

207

Determination of the Best Practical Method of Thawing Bovine Semen  

Science.gov (United States)

An experiment was designed to determine the best practical method of thawing which could be applied to all semen processed by Canadian A.I. centers. Semen in Tris, Triladyl, whole milk, or Fresh Plus Extender packaged in 1 mL ampules or 0.5 mL French straws was used. Semen was thawed in water at 35°C, 20°C, or 5°C, or in a shirt pocket for 5, 5, 10, or 10 minutes, respectively. Post-thaw viability of sperm cells was assessed by determining the percentage of progressively motile cells, rate of progression, and percentage of intact acrosomes, at 0 hours and after 2 hours of incubation at 37°C. Post-thaw viability was significantly higher (P extender or packaging. Our data indicate that when AI center recommendations for thawing semen are unknown, semen in ampules and straws should be thawed in a 35°C water bath and maintained at that temperature until it can be inseminated. PMID:17423027

Barth, Albert D.; Bowman, Pamela A.

1988-01-01

208

Metil-formamida na criopreservação de sêmen ovino / Methyl-formamide in ram semen cryopreservation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se avaliar a eficácia da metil-formamida na criopreservação do sêmen ovino. O pool de sêmen utilizado no experimento foi obtido a partir da coleta, com vagina artificial, do sêmen de quatro carneiros mestiços Santa Inês, com idade aproximada de quatro anos. As coletas foram realizadas uma [...] vez por semana, por seis semanas consecutivas, correspondendo, cada semana, a uma repetição do experimento. As frações do pool foram diluídas em cinco diferentes meios de congelação: (1) tris-gema com 5,3% de glicerol (TG5,3G); (2) tris-gema com 3% de metil-formamida (TG3MF); (3) tris-gema com 5% de metilformamida (TG5MF); (4) tris-gema com 7% de metil-formamida (TG7MF); (5) tris-gema com 9% de metil-formamida (TG9MF). Foram avaliadas a motilidade progressiva e o vigor das células espermáticas e realizado o teste de termorresistência pós-descongelação. O tratamento que obteve maior motilidade foi o TG5,3G (50%), seguido do TG3MF (38%) e os tratamentos que apresentaram menor motilidade progressiva foram TG5MF (29%), TG7MF (1,0%), TG9MF (6,0%). Os meios contendo metil-formamida apresentaram resultados inferiores ao meio controle para preservar a integridade morfológica dos espermatozoides, sendo que nos meios TG7MF e TG9MF menos de 60% de espermatozóides apresentaram-se morfologicamente normais. Os espermatozoides do meio TG5,3G apresentaram motilidade (15%) e vigor (2,8) similares aos do meio TG3MF (15% e 2,6, respectivamente) no teste de termorresistência, mas o meio TG5,3G preservou melhor a integridade funcional da membrana plasmática. O glicerol foi mais eficiente como crioprotetor do que a metil-formamida na criopreservação de sêmen ovino. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of methyl-formamide in ram semen cryopreservation. The semen pool used in this experiment was obtained by artificial vagina collection from four mixed breed Santa Inês rams, around four years of age. Semen collection was performed once a week, durin [...] g six weeks. Each week corresponded to one experiment replication. The semen pool was divided in five fractions in order to be diluted in one of the following freezing media: (1) tris-egg yolk with 5.3% of glycerol (TG5.3G); (2) tris-egg yolk with 3% of methyl-formamide (TG3MF); tris-egg yolk with 5% of methyl-formamide (TG5MF); tris-egg yolk with 7% of methyl-formamide (TG7MF); tris-egg yolk with 9% of methyl-formamide (TG9MF). Semen progressive motility, vigor and thermoresistance were evaluated. The treatments TG5.3G (50%) and TG3MF (38%) showed higher progressive motility after thawing, while TG5MF (29%), TG7MF (1%) and TG9MF (6%) showerd lower motility. Freezing media containing methyl-formamide were less effective in preserving spermatozoa membrane integrity and morphology than control media. In TG7MF and TG9MF extenders, less than 60% spermatozoa showed normal morphology. After thermoresistance test, semen cryopreserved in TG3MF showed vigor (2.6) and motility (15%) statistically similar to TG5.3G media (15% and 2.8, respectively); however, the extender TG5.3G was more effective in preserving plasma membrane functional integrity. In conclusion, in the experimental conditions used, glycerol showed more cryoprotectant potential than methyl-formamide.

Carlos Pereira das, Graças; Alexandre In Piao Gomes, Lim; Andrei Antonioni Guedes, Fidelis; Júlio Roquete, Cardoso; Hélio, Blume; Rafael Gianella, Mondadori.

2013-12-01

209

Metil-formamida na criopreservação de sêmen ovino / Methyl-formamide in ram semen cryopreservation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se avaliar a eficácia da metil-formamida na criopreservação do sêmen ovino. O pool de sêmen utilizado no experimento foi obtido a partir da coleta, com vagina artificial, do sêmen de quatro carneiros mestiços Santa Inês, com idade aproximada de quatro anos. As coletas foram realizadas uma [...] vez por semana, por seis semanas consecutivas, correspondendo, cada semana, a uma repetição do experimento. As frações do pool foram diluídas em cinco diferentes meios de congelação: (1) tris-gema com 5,3% de glicerol (TG5,3G); (2) tris-gema com 3% de metil-formamida (TG3MF); (3) tris-gema com 5% de metilformamida (TG5MF); (4) tris-gema com 7% de metil-formamida (TG7MF); (5) tris-gema com 9% de metil-formamida (TG9MF). Foram avaliadas a motilidade progressiva e o vigor das células espermáticas e realizado o teste de termorresistência pós-descongelação. O tratamento que obteve maior motilidade foi o TG5,3G (50%), seguido do TG3MF (38%) e os tratamentos que apresentaram menor motilidade progressiva foram TG5MF (29%), TG7MF (1,0%), TG9MF (6,0%). Os meios contendo metil-formamida apresentaram resultados inferiores ao meio controle para preservar a integridade morfológica dos espermatozoides, sendo que nos meios TG7MF e TG9MF menos de 60% de espermatozóides apresentaram-se morfologicamente normais. Os espermatozoides do meio TG5,3G apresentaram motilidade (15%) e vigor (2,8) similares aos do meio TG3MF (15% e 2,6, respectivamente) no teste de termorresistência, mas o meio TG5,3G preservou melhor a integridade funcional da membrana plasmática. O glicerol foi mais eficiente como crioprotetor do que a metil-formamida na criopreservação de sêmen ovino. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of methyl-formamide in ram semen cryopreservation. The semen pool used in this experiment was obtained by artificial vagina collection from four mixed breed Santa Inês rams, around four years of age. Semen collection was performed once a week, durin [...] g six weeks. Each week corresponded to one experiment replication. The semen pool was divided in five fractions in order to be diluted in one of the following freezing media: (1) tris-egg yolk with 5.3% of glycerol (TG5.3G); (2) tris-egg yolk with 3% of methyl-formamide (TG3MF); tris-egg yolk with 5% of methyl-formamide (TG5MF); tris-egg yolk with 7% of methyl-formamide (TG7MF); tris-egg yolk with 9% of methyl-formamide (TG9MF). Semen progressive motility, vigor and thermoresistance were evaluated. The treatments TG5.3G (50%) and TG3MF (38%) showed higher progressive motility after thawing, while TG5MF (29%), TG7MF (1%) and TG9MF (6%) showerd lower motility. Freezing media containing methyl-formamide were less effective in preserving spermatozoa membrane integrity and morphology than control media. In TG7MF and TG9MF extenders, less than 60% spermatozoa showed normal morphology. After thermoresistance test, semen cryopreserved in TG3MF showed vigor (2.6) and motility (15%) statistically similar to TG5.3G media (15% and 2.8, respectively); however, the extender TG5.3G was more effective in preserving plasma membrane functional integrity. In conclusion, in the experimental conditions used, glycerol showed more cryoprotectant potential than methyl-formamide.

Carlos Pereira das, Graças; Alexandre In Piao Gomes, Lim; Andrei Antonioni Guedes, Fidelis; Júlio Roquete, Cardoso; Hélio, Blume; Rafael Gianella, Mondadori.

210

Evaluation of duck egg yolk for the cryopreservation of Nili-Ravi buffalo bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was carried out to investigate if the substitution of chicken egg yolk (CEY) with duck egg yolk (DEY) in extenders can improve the quality of frozen-thawed semen of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls and to study if reducing DEY level in extender affects the freezability results. Thirty semen samples collected from three buffalo bulls were diluted in extenders A, B, C, D and E containing tris, citric acid, fructose, egg yolk, glycerol and antibiotics. Extender A contained 20% CEY (control), while extenders B, C, D and E contained 5, 10, 15 and 20% DEY, respectively. After freezing and storage for 24h in liquid nitrogen, samples were evaluated for post-thaw quality. The post extension sperm motility did not differ between extenders A (control) and E (20% DEY). The same was true for post-thaw percentage of sperm with functional plasma membrane and percentage of sperm with abnormal heads or mid pieces. However, extender E showed higher (PNili-Ravi buffalo bulls. PMID:22464336

Waheed, Salman; Ahmad, Nazir; Najib-ur-Rahman; Jamil-ur-Rahman, Hafez; Younis, Muhammad; Iqbal, Sajid

2012-03-01

211

Occupational exposure to pesticides and consequences on male semen and fertility: a review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Exposure to pesticides affects many body organs including reproductive system. Disorder of the reproductive system leads to infertility and therefore has been in the center of attention within the recent decades. Pesticides are one of the compounds that might reduce the semen quality in the exposed workers according to current knowledge. Although many underlying mechanisms have been proposed, the mechanisms of action are not clarified yet. The object of the present review was to criticize all the results of studies which evaluated the pesticide effects on male reproductive system. Results indicate that semen changes are multifactorial in the workers exposed to pesticides as there are numerous factors affecting sperm quality in occupational exposures. Majority of pesticides including organophosphoruses affect the male reproductive system by mechanisms such as reduction of sperm density and motility, inhibition of spermatogenesis, reduction of testis weights, reduction of sperm counts, motility, viability and density, and inducing sperm DNA damage, and increasing abnormal sperm morphology. Reduced weight of testes, epididymis, seminal vesicle, and ventral prostate, seminiferous tubule degeneration, change in plasma levels of testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH), decreased level and activity of the antioxidant enzymes in testes, and inhibited testicular steroidogenesis are other possible mechanisms. Moreover, DDT and its metabolites have estrogenic effects on males. Although effect of pesticides on sperm quality is undeniable, well-designed long-term studies are needed to elucidate all the possible affecting variables such as socioeconomic, cultural, nutritional, occupational, physical, and clinical characteristics alongside pesticides. PMID:24487096

Mehrpour, Omid; Karrari, Parissa; Zamani, Nasim; Tsatsakis, Aristides M; Abdollahi, Mohammad

2014-10-15

212

Relationships among frozen-thawed semen fertility, physical parameters, certain routine sperm characteristics and testosterone in breeding Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis bulls  

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Full Text Available Aim: The present study was carried out to examine the relationships among frozen-thawed semen fertility, physical parameters, seminal quality, and testosterone concentration in Murrah buffalo bulls. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 breeding Murrah buffalo bulls (either progeny tested or under progeny testing program were randomly selected from two government bull farms in Punjab. None of the bulls selected for this study had any preceding physical abnormality. A field fertility trial was conducted to determine the first service conception rate (FSCR. The number of females inseminated per bull semen was 10. All the bulls were inspected for structural soundness, measurement of scrotal circumference, testicular biometry, and internal pelvic area (IPA. Frozen-thawed semen was evaluated for total motility, progressive motility, viability, concentration, abnormality, and hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST. Testosterone was estimated in blood plasma, seminal plasma as well as frozen-thawed semen extracts for establishing relationship. Results: The FSCR was 48% in the bulls having a scrotal circumference of ?44 cm, although, there was no significant correlation between FSCR and scrotal circumference. Similarly, no consistent relationship existed between sperm concentration and scrotal circumference. A positive correlation was observed between IPA and FSCR (r=0.294. Of the six post-thaw seminal components (total motility, progressive motility, viability, HOST (%, total abnormality and concentration only total motility had a high significant (p<0.01 correlation with FSCR (r=0.694. Varied correlations existed between other seminal parameters and fertility. Using a simple regression analysis, the post-thaw motility, IPA, prepuce length and testosterone (independent variables combined to explain approximately 62% of the variation in the FSCR (dependent variable. Conclusion: The present study indicated that despite low to high correlations between seminal characteristics, physical parameters, fertility, and testosterone; the observations support the importance of these components and their function in maintaining semen quality and subsequent fertility.

A. K. Singh

2014-09-01

213

Effects of Seasonal Changes and Shearing on Thermoregulation, Blood Constituents and Semen Characteristics of Desert Rams (Ovis aries  

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Full Text Available This experiment was designed to study the effects of shearing in different seasons (winter vs. summer on thermoregulation, blood parameters and semen characteristics of desert rams. Eight intact healthy rams were randomly assigned into two groups (n = 4. The control group was kept unshorn (UN with intact pelage, the mean length of hair left was approximately 1.5 cm and the treated group was shorn (SH. Rectal temperature (Tr and Respiration Rate (RR measurements were carried out twice daily throughout the experimental period. Blood samples were collected once weekly for the evaluation of Packed Cell Volume (PCV, Total (TLC and Differential (DLC leukocyte count, Serum Total Protein (STP, Serum Albumin (SA, Serum Urea (SU and Plasma Glucose (PG concentration. Semen samples were collected once weekly for the determination of Ejaculate Volume (EV, Sperm Mass (SM and individual (SIM motility, Sperm Cell Concentration (SCC, live (LSP and abnormal (ABS sperm percent and semen pH. Scrotal Circumference (SC measurements were performed weekly. Shearing of desert rams significantly lowered the morning Tr in both seasons and the afternoon Tr during summer ,while RR was significantly lower in both seasons in the afternoon. The PCV was significantly lower in shorn rams during summer compared to winter and PG was significantly higher during winter compared to summer. In both seasons shearing significantly lowered SIM. It is concluded that shearing significantly affected thermoregulation, blood composition and semen characteristics during winter and summer. It is concluded that shearing in different season significantly affected thermoregulation, blood parameters and seminal traits of Desert Hamari rams.

M. Abdelatif Abdalla

2013-01-01

214

Effects of seasonal changes and shearing on thermoregulation, blood constituents and semen characteristics of desert rams (Ovis aries).  

Science.gov (United States)

This experiment was designed to study the effects of shearing in different seasons (winter vs. summer) on thermoregulation, blood parameters and semen characteristics of desert rams. Eight intact healthy rams were randomly assigned into two groups (n = 4). The control group was kept unshorn (UN) with intact pelage, the mean length of hair left was approximately 1.5 cm and the treated group was shorn (SH). Rectal temperature (Tr) and Respiration Rate (RR) measurements were carried out twice daily throughout the experimental period. Blood samples were collected once weekly for the evaluation of Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Total (TLC) and Differential (DLC) leukocyte count, Serum Total Protein (STP), Serum Albumin (SA), Serum Urea (SU) and Plasma Glucose (PG) concentration. Semen samples were collected once weekly for the determination of Ejaculate Volume (EV), Sperm Mass (SM) and individual (SIM) motility, Sperm Cell Concentration (SCC), live (LSP) and abnormal (ABS) sperm percent and semen pH. Scrotal Circumference (SC) measurements were performed weekly. Shearing of desert rams significantly lowered the morning Tr in both seasons and the afternoon Tr during summer, while RR was significantly lower in both seasons in the afternoon. The PCV was significantly lower in shorn rams during summer compared to winter and PG was significantly higher during winter compared to summer. In both seasons shearing significantly lowered SIM. It is concluded that shearing significantly affected thermoregulation, blood composition and semen characteristics during winter and summer. It is concluded that shearing in different season significantly affected thermoregulation, blood parameters and seminal traits of Desert Hamari rams. PMID:24517003

Suhair, S Mohammed; Abdalla, M Abdelatif

2013-12-15

215

Decreased levels of genuine large free hCG alpha in men presenting with abnormal semen analysis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG and its free subunits (hCG alpha, hCG beta are produced in the male reproductive tract and found in high concentrations in seminal fluid, in particular hCG alpha. This study aimed to elucidate changes in peptide hormone profiles in patients showing abnormal semen analyses and to determine the genuineness of the highly abundant hCG alpha. Methods Seminal plasma was obtained from 45 male patients undergoing semen analysis during infertility workups. Comprehensive peptide hormone profiles were established by a panel of immunofluorometric assays for hCG, hCG alpha, hCG beta and its metabolite hCG beta core fragment, placental lactogen, growth hormone and prolactin in seminal plasma of patients with abnormal semen analysis results (n = 29 versus normozoospermic men (n = 16. The molecular identity of large hyperglycosylated hCG alpha was analyzed by mass-spectrometry and selective deglycosylation. Results hCG alpha levels were found to be significantly lower in men with impaired semen quality (1346 +/- 191 vs. 2753 +/- 533 ng/ml, P = 0.022. Moreover, patients with reduced sperm count had reduced intact hCG levels compared with normozoospermic men (0.097 +/- 0.022 vs. 0.203 +/- 0.040 ng/ml, P = 0.028. Using mass-spectrometry, the biochemical identity of hCG alpha purified from seminal plasma was verified. Under non-reducing conditions in SDS-PAGE, hCG alpha isolated from seminal plasma migrated in a manner comparable with large free hCG alpha with an apparent molecular mass (Mr, app of 24 kDa, while hCG alpha dissociated from pregnancy-derived holo-hCG migrated at approximately 22 kDa. After deglycosylation with PNGase F under denaturing conditions, all hCG alpha variants showed an Mr, app of 15 kDa, indicating identical amino acid backbones. Conclusions The findings indicate a pathophysiological relevance of hCG, particularly its free alpha subunit, in spermatogenesis. The alternative glycosylation pattern on the free large hCG alpha in seminal plasma might reflect a modified function of this subunit in the male reproductive tract.

Plas Eugen

2011-08-01

216

Karakteristik Semen Segar dan Kualitas Semen Cair Kuda dalam Pengencer Dimitropoulos yang Disuplementasi dengan Fruktosa, Trehalosa dan Rafinosa  

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Full Text Available The objective of the experiment was to study the characteristics of stallion fresh semen and the quality of sperm preserved in Dimitropoulos extender (DV supplemented with different concentration of fructose, trehalose and raffinose. Semen were collected using artificial vagina from three stallions. Semen characteristics and quality were evaluated macro- and microscopically. Prior to extension, semen were centrifugated at 3000 rpm for 20 minutes. The condensed sperm were re-suspended in DV supplemented with different types of carbohydrate to meet the concentration of 200 million spz/ml. All samples were stored at room and chilled temperature, and were evaluated for motility and viability every 3 h and 12 h. The results of the experiments indicated that fresh semen characteristics were fair good; the volume, consistency, motility, live-dead ratio, concentration (106/ml, total spermatozoa (109/ejaculate and abnormality were 29.25±9.33 ml, watery, 7.00±0.12, 67.08±9.08%, 77.89±6.46%, 211.88±21.15, 6.28±2.45 and 27.26±4.64%, respectively. The supplementation of different type and concentration of carbohydrates did not significantly affect the motility and viability. However, the supplementation of 50 mM fructose significantly increased the motility and viability of the sperm compared to the control. In conclusion, carbohydrate supplementation in DV may not maintain the sperm quality, particularly in the medium with the osmolarity higher than 400 mOsm/kg.

Yudi

2007-12-01

217

Evaluating the success of sex-sorted semen in US dairy herds from on farm records.  

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These data summarize on-farm records of dairy herds (n=211) using sexed semen. Sexed semen was predominantly used at first and second service in virgin heifers, which is reflected in younger ages at AI and at calving. Conception rates at first service averaged 47% for Holstein heifers and 53% for Jersey heifers, which were approximately 80% of that achieved with conventional semen. Analysis of inter-estrus intervals provides no evidence that cycle lengths are extended by use of sexed semen. Among singleton births, 89% were reported as female offspring and this rises to 90% for gestation lengths within a normal 265-295 d range. Age at calving appeared to interact with calf sex and semen type to influence the incidence of stillbirths. Semen type had no effect on the incidence of stillbirths among heifers delivering female calves. However, the incidence of stillbirths among heifers delivering male calves was greater for those conceived from sexed semen and was only partially explained by age at calving. Because the incidence of male calves from sexed semen is only 10%, the total incidence of stillbirths was not affected by semen type. In conclusion, failure to differentiate sexed from conventional semen in data recording and preferential bias in use of sexed semen in younger, more fertile females makes legitimate comparisons of sexed and conventional semen in the commercial setting difficult. When used in Holstein heifers, the average first service conception rate achieved with sex-sorted semen was 47%, which appeared to approximately 80% of that achieved with conventional semen in the same herds. The percentage of female calves (89%) was consistent with expectations. After adjusting for age at calving, sexed semen had no affect on the total incidence of stillbirths, however the source for an apparent increased incidence of stillbirth among male calves born from X-sorted sperm populations requires further investigation. PMID:18996579

DeJarnette, J M; Nebel, R L; Marshall, C E

2009-01-01

218

Improvement of liquid and frozen-thawed semen quality of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) through supplementation of fat.  

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The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of dietary fat on quality of liquid and frozen-thawed semen of Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. Adult bulls (n=21) were fed a balanced ration (Con; n=7) or the same ration either containing sunflower oil (SF-O; n=7) or whole sunflower seeds (SF-S; n=7) for 63 days. Body weight and body condition score of each bull was recorded on days 0, 30 and 60 of the experiment. Semen was collected on days 39, 46, 53 and 60, frozen by a fast method and stored at -196 degrees C for 24h. Sperm motility was assessed using a bright field microscope. Plasma membrane integrity of fresh and frozen-thawed spermatozoa was assessed using a hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) assay. The concentration of spermatozoa and volume of semen was not different among groups on various days of collection. Sunflower-enriched diets did not affect the motility and number of HOS-positive spermatozoa in the fresh semen. Motility and HOS of post-thawed spermatozoa were higher (pbuffalo bull spermatozoa. PMID:19246083

Adeel, M; Ijaz, A; Aleem, M; Rehman, H; Yousaf, M S; Jabbar, M A

2009-05-01

219

The extent of increase in first calving age as a result of implementing various sexed semen breeding strategies  

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A deterministic simulation was conducted to assess the effects of sexed semen utilization strategies on age at first calving (AFC). Four different strategies were implemented on dairy heifers: continuous use of conventional semen only (CC), continuous use of sexed semen only (SS), utilization of sexed semen for both the first and second services with conventional semen afterwards (S2), and utilization of sexed semen for the first service with conventional semen afterwards (S1). Results indicated that continuous utilization of sexed semen led to the greatest AFC; however at high conception rates, strategies displayed negligible differences on AFC. Increases in estrus detection rate had the greatest effects on decreasing AFC of the SS scenarios. Negative effect of sexed semen on AFC increased when the effect of low estrus detection rate was combined with low conception rate of sexed semen. Results indicated that in the case of access to sexed semen conception rate, prediction of AFC is possible by quadratic polynomial or exponential equations, depending to the applied breeding strategy. Simultaneous utilization of sexed and conventional semen in a herd did not make a substantial change in AFC when a low percentage of sexed semen was employed. Increasing the contribution of different sexed semen strategies led to higher AFC variation, especially for the SS strategy. AFC of strategies that utilize sexed semen is highly dependent on the conception rate, estrus detection rate and the contribution of sex sorted semen in the total number of inseminations of the heifer herd. (Author)

Joezy-Shekalgorabi, S.; Shadparvar, A. A.; Vries, A. de; Gay, K. D.

2014-06-01

220

Effect of Management Systems on Semen Quality of Muscovy Drakes  

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Full Text Available Semen quality of muscovy drakes was studied in a randomized complete block design (RCBD under semi-intensive management system (SI, intensive system with wallow (IW and intensive system without wallow (IO using 12 active drakes in plot containing 60 female Ducklings. Semen collected by manual massage method 3 times at 5 days intervals beginning from week 33 showed that semen volume, sperm motility and sperm count were significantly higher (P< 0.05 in SI and IW than IO. Semen volume of the drakes under the three management systems ranged from 0.20mls to 0.30mls with IW and IO being the highest (0.30mls and least (0.20mls respectively. Drakes reared under IO produced significantly least percent sperm motility (68.58, whereas, those reared under SI (75.42 and IW (76.67 produced significantly higher percent sperm motility. Drakes reared under IO gave the least (95.58 per ml. of ejaculate sperm count. This is closely followed by drakes reared under IW (107.83 and SI (109.17 respectively. There were no significant differences (P>0.05 in the proportion of normal sperm and semen pH that could be attributed to management systems adopted; but sperm concentration of drakes in the 3 management systems varied significantly (P< 0.05 being 1761.67 x 106/ml (SI, 1801.67 x 106/m (IW and 1700.00 x 106/ml (IO. In conclusion, availability of Swimming water in the range and wallow contributes positively to the semen quality of Drakes.

I.F. Etuk

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Effect of semen dilution to low-sperm number per dose on motility and functionality of cryopreserved bovine spermatozoa using low-density lipoproteins (LDL) extender: comparison to Triladyl and Bioxcell.  

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Artificial insemination with doses containing low-sperm numbers has been utilized to optimize the use of elite bulls. Hen egg yolk is widely used as a cryoprotective agent in semen freezing extender protecting the spermatozoa. Its action is due to the presence of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) in the hen egg yolk. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of the semen dilution to low-sperm number/dose on sperm motility and integrity of sperm plasma membrane in the cryopreservation process, using two commercial extenders (Triladyl, Bioxcell and LDL extender prepared in our laboratory, 97% purity. Fifteen ejaculates were collected from five fertile crossbred bulls (Bos taurusxBos indicus). After collection, sperm motility was examined by Computer-Assisted Semen Analysis (Hamilton Thorne), morphological sperm characteristics were evaluated by differential interference microscopy and the integrity of plasma membranes was determined using the hypo-osmotic swelling test. The semen was subsequently divided into three aliquots and diluted with the three extenders into 120 x 10(6), 60 x 10(6) and 20 x 10(6)sperm/mL, corresponding to 30 x 10(6), 15 x 10(6) and 5 x10(6) sperm/dose, respectively. This study revealed that LDL extender was more effective in preservation of motility and integrity of the plasma membrane of spermatozoa than Bioxcell and Triladyl (pextender could be used instead of Triladyl or Bioxcellat low semen concentration per dose for elite bulls, it also could be envisaged for the industry of sex-stored semen. PMID:19117604

Vera-Munoz, O; Amirat-Briand, L; Diaz, T; Vásquez, L; Schmidt, E; Desherces, S; Anton, M; Bencharif, D; Tainturier, D

2009-04-01

222

Biochemical studies into variation and repeatability of glutathione concentrations in bovine and bubaline semens.  

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Repeatability (r) value of glutathione (GSH) content was estimated in semen of Tharparkar, Red Dane, their crosses, and Murrah buffalo bulls. Mean GSH values were higher in bovine bull semen as compared to mean GSH values in bubaline bull semen. The r of GSH concentration for the pooled data was 0.1278. This trait is 12.78% repeatable. GSH value in semen of bovine and bubaline bull differed insignificantly. R estimates are expressed for selection of bulls of higher fertility and semen quality. PMID:2241494

Jain, M C; Arora, N; Jogi, S; Mishra, D D

1990-01-01

223

Blood and Semen Selenium Concentrations and Semen Quality in Boars Fed Diets Supplemented with Organic or Inorganic Selenium  

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Full Text Available Effect of dietary supplementation of organic or inorganic selenium on blood and semen selenium concentrations and semen quality was determined in 10 boars. During the 4 weeks of pre-experimental period, all boars were fed a basal diet containing 0.15 mg kg-1 of inorganic selenium. Thereafter, all cows were randomly allocated into 2 groups of five boars which were fed a basal diet supplemented with either 0.3 mg kg-1 of inorganic selenium or 0.3 mg kg-1 of organic selenium for 84 days. Blood samples were collected from all boars to determine selenium concentrations at the end of pre-experimental period and at days 49 and 84 after supplementation. Semen samples were collected at the end of pre-experimental period and at days 35, 49, 63 and 84 to determine selenium concentrations and semen evaluation. For both inorganic and organic selenium groups, blood selenium concentrations at days 49 and 84 were higher than the concentration at day 0 and the concentrations did not differ between the two groups at all sampling periods. Semen selenium concentrations at days 35, 49, 63 and 84 were higher than the concentration at day 0 for both inorganic and organic selenium groups and the concentrations did not differ between the 2 groups at days 35, 49, 63 and 84. Sperm motility parameters including motility (%, progressive motility (%, Average Path velocity (VAP, ?m sec-1, Straight-line velocity (VSL, ?m sec-1 and Curvilinear velocity (VCL, ?m sec-1 did not differ between the 2 groups and among sampling periods. Results revealed that 0.3 mg kg-1 supplementation of either inorganic or organic selenium form in the basal diet containing 0.15 mg of selenium per kg could increase blood and semen selenium levels in the boars. With normally-fertile boars, both inorganic and organic form of selenium supplemented in the diet had similar effect on sperm motility characteristics in the boars.

Theera Rukkwamsuk

2012-01-01

224

Effects of Vitamin E Addition to Chicken Semen on Sperm Quality During in Vitro Storage of Semen  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the probable effects of the vitamin E addition in different levels to the extender of chicken semen on spermatozoa quality during storage of semen at 4°C for 0, 3, 6, 10 and 24 hours. Eight young Ross broiler breeder strain 308 roosters were used in this experiment. The collected semen from all roosters was mixed together and diluted with modified a Ringer’s solution. The diluted pooled semen was divided into 5 treatments (T. T1 was a control group without any vitamin E addition. For T2 to T5 groups 0.5 %, 1 %, 2 % and 3 % vitamin E (w/v, were added respectively. Treatments were evaluated for sperm motility, sperm viability and probable morphological defects after 0, 3, 6, 10 and 24 hours of incubation at 4°C. The evaluations of spermatozoa immediately after semen collection, were revealed no significant differences among values of treatment groups, whereas after incubating the treatments for different spans of time, the sperm progressive motility and viability rates for groups supplemented with vitamin E were significantly (P < 0.05 higher than that of the control group. In addition, morphological defect rates of chicken spermatozoa in the groups supplemented with different levels of vitamin E were significantly (P < 0.05 lower than that in control group. According to the results of this study we conclude that, the most excellent level of vitamin E for supplementation to the extended semen of chicken in order to improve the sperm motility and viability plus to reduce the morphological defect rates of the spermatozoa up to 24 hours storage time at 4°C is 2 % (w/v.

Saleh Tabatabaei

2011-06-01

225

Antibiotic control of Campylobacter fetus by three extenders of bovine semen.  

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Campylobacter fetus were added to raw semen in two factorial experiments that evaluated seminal extender, initial antibiotic treatment of raw semen, and inclusion of antibiotics in the extender. Extenders were conventional egg yolk citrate, complete egg yolk Tes-Tris, and complete egg yolk Tris. Raw semen was treated with 2000 micrograms streptomycin sulfate and 1000 units of polymyxin B sulfate per milliliter. Antibiotic-treated extender contained 500 units of polymyxin B sulfate, 1000 micrograms streptomycin sulfate, and 500 units of potassium penicillin G per milliliter. Aliquots of extended semen were cultured immediately prior to freezing in .5-ml French straws and after thawing. Treatment of raw semen or extender alone with antibiotics was not consistently effective in controlling Campylobacter fetus. The dual treatment of raw semen and incorporation of antibiotics into the extender were effective with egg yolk citrate and egg yolk Tes-Tris. However, Campylobacter fetus survived in semen that had been treated with antibiotics and then extended with egg yolk Tris containing Antibiotics. Thus, the procedure required by Certified Semen Services for antibiotic treatment of bovine semen was ineffective in controlling Campylobacter fetus in semen extended in this complete egg yolk Tris. Efficacy should be demonstrated, rather than assumed, for each procedure for extending and processing bovine semen. PMID:7142533

Howard, T H; Vasquez, L A; Amann, R P

1982-08-01

226

New methods and media for the centrifugation of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) drone semen.  

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Centrifugation of Apis mellifera L. drone semen is a necessary step in the homogenization of semen pools for the enlargement of the effective breeding population, as well as in the collection of semen by the so-called washing technique. It is also of interest for the removal of cryoprotectants after cryopreservation. The adoption of methods involving semen centrifugation has been hampered by their damaging effect to sperm. Here, we tested four new diluents as well as three additives (catalase, hen egg yolk, and a protease inhibitor), using sperm motility and dual fluorescent staining as indicators of semen quality. Three of the new diluents significantly reduced motility losses after centrifugation, as compared with the literature standard. Values of motility and propidium iodide negativity obtained with two of these diluents were not different from those measured with untreated semen. The least damaging diluent, a citrate-HEPES buffer containing trehalose, was then tested in an insemination experiment with centrifuged semen. Most queens receiving this semen produced normal brood, and the number of sperm reaching the storage organ of the queen was not significantly different from that in queens receiving untreated semen. These results could improve the acceptance of techniques involving the centrifugation of drone semen. The diluent used in the insemination experiment could also serve as semen extender for applications not involving centrifugation. PMID:24665683

Wegener, Jakob; May, Tanja; Kamp, Günter; Bienefeld, Kaspar

2014-02-01

227

Seasonal variation in semen quality of Dorper rams using different collection techniques  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of the study was to evaluate the seasonal variation in semen quality of Dorper rams using different semen collection techniques. The study was carried out from January 2012 to January 2013. A general management programme for health control was followed, with water being provided ad libitum t [...] hroughout the trial, and all rams being fed a 2.5 kg maintenance diet per day. Eleven mature Dorper rams, recording a mean body weight of 69.6 ± 9.2 kg and mean age of 18 ± 4.7 months, were used in the trial. A group of six rams were trained for semen collection with the aid of the artificial vagina (AV), while in the remaining five rams, semen was collected using the electro ejaculator (EE). Immediately after collection, ejaculates were evaluated macroscopically and microscopically for semen volume, semen colour, semen pH, semen wave motion, sperm motility, sperm cell concentration, sperm viability and morphology. The results of the trial generally showed that semen in Dorper rams may be collected using the AV or EE methods throughout the year. However, an overall significant better semen quality collected by the AV versus the EE collection method was recorded. Generally, semen of significantly higher quality was recorded in summer, autumn and spring (both collection techniques). The tendency in the current trial was that the EE technique of semen collection was the less reliable method. Consequently the AV is recommended as the more acceptable method of semen collection in the Dorper. Winter is not generally recommended for semen collection, especially when using the EE.

C.M., Malejane; J.P.C., Greyling; M.B., Raito.

2014-01-01

228

Effect of different seasons on concentration of plasma luteinizing hormone and seminal quality vis-à-vis freezability of buffalo bulls ( Bubalus bubalis)  

Science.gov (United States)

Seasonal variations in semen quality, freezability and plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) levels were studied between summer and spring. Semen volume, density and initial sperm motility did not differ significantly between different seasons. Plasma LH decreased between summer and spring but the differences were, however, not significant. Pre-freezing motility did not differ significantly but post-freezing motility varied significantly ( Pbuffalo during summer, semen should be frozen during winter and spring and used during hot weather conditions. Seasonal variations in plasma LH levels were insignificant.

Bahga, C. S.; Khokar, B. S.

1991-12-01

229

Seasonal variation in protein profiles and HSP70 of Holstein crossbred bull semen  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since HSP70 is the stress response protein, the impact of heat stress on semen quality may be displayed through the expression of protein profile and HSP70. This study investigated the seasonal effects on the protein profiles and HSP70 in spermatozoa and seminal plasma of 10 Holstein crossbred bulls from an AI centre located in Lopburi, Thailand. Bull semen was collected weekly for 8 consecutive weeks during rainy (average THI 79.34), cool (average THI 75.27), and summer (average THI 80.10) seasons. Protein was extracted from both spermatozoa and seminal plasma using Laemmli's sample buffer. The protein profiles of spermatozoa and seminal plasma were subjected to one-dimensional SDSPAGE with 12% (w/v) acrylamide gel and 4.0% (w/v) acrylamide stacking gel for 120 min. at 8 mA. To visualize the protein profiles, gels were fixed in acetic acid: ethanol: H2O (7: 40: 53), stained with 0.125% (w/v) Coomassie blue R-250 in acetic acid: ethanol: H2O (7: 40: 53) for 60 min., and distained with acetic acid: ethanol: H2O (11: 26: 63) until the background was clear. Western blotting, as described by Kamaruddin et al. was conducted to determine HSP70 using anti-HSP70 monoclonal antibody. Proteins in the polyacrylamide gel were electrophoretically transferred, for 90 min. at 156 mA, to a PVDF membrane. The membrane was rinsed in PBS and blocked overnight in a blocking solution (advanced ECL blocking; Amersham Life Science Inc., Oakville, ON, Canada). The membrane was then incubated for 1 h at room temperature with monoclonal anti-HSP70 (H5147 Sigma Chemical Supplies CO., LTD), incubated with anti-mouse IgG horse radish peroxidase conjugated for 1 h at room temperature, and then detection for immunoreactive bands using ECL detection reagents (Amersham Life Science Inc.) on scientific imaging film. It was found that the profiles of protein were not different among seasons in both sperm and seminal plasma. The profiles of spermatozoa protein range from 10 to 220 kDa while most of proteins found in seminal plasma were low molecular weight (14-30 kDa). The HSP70 was found in both sperm and seminal plasma. However, the amount of HSP70 in winter appears to be greater compare to those found in summer and rainy seasons

230

Production measurements affected by x irradiation of chicken semen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Single Comb White Leghorn (S.C.W.L.) and Dark Cornish semen was x-irradiated with 1000 R and introduced into S.C.W.L. hens to produce S.C.W.L. and crossbred chicks. The irradiation reduced the fertilizing capacity of the semen about 25% and the hatchability of the embryos about 38%. Semen of the two breeds was affected differently since there was much less alteration of embryonic development among purebred, S.C.W.L. chicks than among Cornish-sired crossbreds. As is typical, crossbred chicks gained weight faster than purebred S.C.W.L. irrespective of radiation damage. After irradiation, live weight was 4% less at 16 weeks of age for the crossbreds but no substantial effect on growth was evident for the S.C.W.L., although they were significantly heavier at hatching in the irradiated population. The rate of egg production in the first 30 days declined 15% under pressure from the irradiation damage. The distribution, as well as the frequency, of embryonic mortalities changed after parental semen irradiation. The majority of embryonic deaths occurred during the first 6 days of incubation with a coincidental decrease in the proportion of deaths occurring late during incubation. Posthatching mortalities were not affected for S.C.W.L. but were doubled for Cornish up to 16 weeks old.

Zartman, D.L.; Urquhart, N.S.; Francis, D.W.

1976-11-01

231

Semen quality in relation to biomarkers of pesticide exposure.  

Science.gov (United States)

We previously reported reduced sperm concentration and motility in fertile men in a U.S. agrarian area (Columbia, MO) relative to men from U.S. urban centers (Minneapolis, MN; Los Angeles, CA; New York, NY). In the present study we address the hypothesis that pesticides currently used in agriculture in the Midwest contributed to these differences in semen quality. We selected men in whom all semen parameters (concentration, percentage sperm with normal morphology, and percentage motile sperm) were low (cases) and men in whom all semen parameters were within normal limits (controls) within Missouri and Minnesota (sample sizes of 50 and 36, respectively) and measured metabolites of eight current-use pesticides in urine samples provided at the time of semen collection. All pesticide analyses were conducted blind with respect to center and case-control status. Pesticide metabolite levels were elevated in Missouri cases, compared with controls, for the herbicides alachlor and atrazine and for the insecticide diazinon [2-isopropoxy-4-methyl-pyrimidinol (IMPY)]; for Wilcoxon rank test, p = 0.0007, 0.012, and 0.0004 for alachlor, atrazine, and IMPY, respectively. Men from Missouri with high levels of alachlor or IMPY were significantly more likely to be cases than were men with low levels [odds ratios (ORs) = 30.0 and 16.7 for alachlor and IMPY, respectively], as were men with atrazine levels higher than the limit of detection (OR = 11.3). The herbicides 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and metolachlor were also associated with poor semen quality in some analyses, whereas acetochlor levels were lower in cases than in controls (p = 0.04). No significant associations were seen for any pesticides within Minnesota, where levels of agricultural pesticides were low, or for the insect repellent DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) or the malathion metabolite malathion dicarboxylic acid. These associations between current-use pesticides and reduced semen quality suggest that agricultural chemicals may have contributed to the reduction in semen quality in fertile men from mid-Missouri we reported previously. PMID:12948887

Swan, Shanna H; Kruse, Robin L; Liu, Fan; Barr, Dana B; Drobnis, Erma Z; Redmon, J Bruce; Wang, Christina; Brazil, Charlene; Overstreet, James W

2003-01-01

232

Evaluation of Feeding Different Digestible Lysine Intake Levels on Semen Characteristics and Body Weight of Broiler Breeders During Pre-Peak and Peak Production  

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Full Text Available Because research revealing the impact of Lys on reproduction in Broiler Breeders (BB is sparse, this study was conducted to evaluate the impact of digestible Lys (dLys on BB semen characteristics and BW. Eighty males were caged individually from 20 to 39 wk of age. Treatment 1 and 2 diets had the same level of dLys (1,000 mg/rooster/day in a corn-soybean meal based diet (Soy 1000 and distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS; DDGS 1000 diet, respectively. Treatment 3, 4 and 5 diets had the inclusion of DDGS in order to titrate dLys intake levels of 850 (DDGS850, 700 (DDGS700 and 550 (DDGS550 mg/rooster/day, respectively. Body weight and semen samples were determined every 2 wk from 26 to 38 wk of age. Immediately after semen collection, samples were analyzed for semen volume, sperm viability, sperm concentration and the Sperm Quality Index (SQI. BW of roosters fed Soy 1,000 was higher than the other treatments from wk 26 through wk 38. This excess weight could be due to over estimating the energy content of DDGS resulting in diets that were not isocaloric. At 28 wk and continuing through wk 38, the percentage of dead sperm was highest in roosters fed Soy 1000. Also, at wk 38 plasma testosterone concentrations were higher for roosters fed Soy 1000. In conclusion, varying levels of dLys (1,000-550 mg/rooster/day in a DDGS based diet does not appear to cause adverse effects on BB male semen quality during pre-peak and peak production.

A. Corzo

2013-01-01

233

Association of soybean-based extenders with field fertility of stored ram (Ovis aries) semen: a randomized double-blind parallel group design.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two consecutive randomized double-blind field fertility experiments were conducted over a 4-month period and aimed at evaluating the association of two commercial soybean lecithin-based extenders (AndroMed [Minitub, Tiefenbach, Germany] and BioXcell [IMV Technologies, L'Aigle, France]) with pregnancy rates of chilled-stored (CS) and frozen-thawed (FT) ram semen. Semen samples with more than 2 × 10(9) sperm per mL and 70% progressive motile spermatozoa were collected via an artificial vagina from twelve proven fertile Chios rams, split-diluted with the above mentioned extenders, packaged in 0.25 mL straws and either stored at 5 ± 1 °C for 30 to 36 hours or frozen and thawed. Non-lactating multiparous ewes were inseminated in progestagen-synchronized estrus either with CS (AndroMed: N = 212 and BioXcell: N = 206; intracervical AI) or with FT (AndroMed: N = 114 and BioXcell: N = 92; laparoscopic intrauterine AI) semen. Ovulation was confirmed in all ewes based on determination of blood plasma progesterone (>1 ng/mL) 8 days post AI. Ewes were screened for pregnancy diagnosis by transabdominal ultrasonography 65 days post AI. BioXcell was superior to AndroMed in preserving the fertilizing potential of CS (P 0.05). Ram-by-extender interactions were significant for pregnancy rates of CS and FT semen. Irrespective of extenders, overall pregnancy rates after intracervical and intrauterine AI were 75.1% and 62.2%, respectively (P fertility rates with semen preserved more than 24 hours at 5 °C. PMID:23219519

Khalifa, Tarek; Lymberopoulos, Aristotelis; Theodosiadou, Ekaterini

2013-02-01

234

The influence of boar breed and season on semen parameters  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the influence of boar breed and season on semen parameters. The research material consisted of 31 boars: Polish Large White (PLW), Polish Landrace (PL), and Duroc x Pietrain (D x P), aged 8 to 24 months. The analysed material consisted of 1390 ejaculat [...] es, collected during the period January 2010 to October 2012. Semen samples were assessed in terms of semen volume (mL), sperm concentration (x 10(6) m/mL), total number of sperm (x 10(9)), total number of live sperm (x 10(9)) and number of insemination doses obtained from one ejaculate (n). In winter, an increase in sperm concentration was observed for the PLW breed. Moreover, an increase in the volume of semen produced for this breed was noted in summer and autumn. Differences between breeds for the total number of sperm and total number of live sperm were observed for the winter and spring periods. The largest semen volume was noted for the PLW breed (276.4 ± 9.66 mL). However, in the analysis of other sperm parameters, boars of this breed demonstrated the poorest results. The highest insemination dose was obtained from breed D x P in winter (26.0 ± 0.51). Correlation analyses indicated that PLW and D x P boars are the least resistant to higher ambient temperatures, and in summer and autumn this resulted in a reduction in sperm concentration (-0.26 and -0.20, respectively).

D., Knecht; S., & #346; rodo& #324; ; K., Duzi& #324; ski.

2014-01-01

235

Ways to improve the biosecurity of bovine semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen production and trade is a worldwide industry. A framework, based on international standards is awaiting international and national regulation. In the perspective of biosecurity of the final product, critical notes can be made according to the semen production regulation and product safety. Process description brings the obligatory health standards for the production bulls, collection and processing of semen, identification, registration, worldwide distribution and insemination into discussion. Test frequency, test quality and demands, way of sampling and test consistency can influence product safety. New scientific knowledge can influence the value of the regulation. Whether a country is free of notifiable disease should influence decisions regarding necessary tests for the production bulls. The biosecurity of the semen production process is influenced by several factors. The effectiveness of the antibiotics used is questionable. The extenders for cryopreservation added to the semen can affect product safety. The way materials and storage containers have to be disinfected must be clear. In modern industry, tracking and tracing is an important issue. Worldwide differences in ways of identification of straws do not benefit a proper identification and registration throughout the process. Regulation could help improve the transparency of production and trade. Before anything concerning biohazard is implemented in regulation, each rule should be thoroughly based on scientific research where possible and furthermore it must be possible to enforce the regulation. The effort it takes to enforce the regulation should be in balance with the benefit it provides. An approach to alter regulation quickly is advisable. To produce a safe product that is accepted for international trade is of vital interest for the survival of artificial insemination (AI) in cattle. PMID:16869880

de Ruigh, L; Bosch, J C; Brus, M C; Landman, B; Merton, J S

2006-08-01

236

Characterization and sorting of flow cytometric populations in human semen.  

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Human semen is a complex biological matrix. It contains mature spermatozoa, immature germ cells, residual apoptotic bodies and, in some cases, epithelial cells and leucocytes. Hence, one of the challenges in applying flow cytometry in spermatology is the correct recognition of spermatozoa and their separation from signals of other semen cells/elements. In this study, we show that semen spermatozoa are included in a well-defined, flame-shaped FSC/SSC region (FR), by demonstrating that the count of the spermatozoa contained in such region overlaps that obtained by microscopy in the same samples. In FR, nuclear staining of semen samples reveals three different populations: unstained, brighter and dimmer. Unstained elements were previously characterized as apoptotic bodies of testis origin and the brighter elements represent the majority of semen spermatozoa, whereas the composition and the origin of the population with a lower nuclear staining is less clear, albeit we have previously shown that all the elements constituting it are positive for TUNEL. In this study, we sorted all the elements contained in FR region and demonstrated that the dimmer elements are spermatozoa. To further characterize dimmer spermatozoa, we evaluated apoptotic caspases and chromatin immaturity, the latter detected by aniline blue (AB) and chromomycin A (CMA3) staining. We found that caspases were much more expressed in the dimmer spermatozoa (71.4 ± 18.8%) than in the brighter (46.7 ± 15.1%), whereas similar amounts of spermatozoa with chromatin immaturity were found in both populations (brighter, AB: 48.2 ± 19.5%; CMA3: 48.5 ± 20.4% and dimmer, AB: 43.4 ± 19.8%; CMA3: 36.1 ± 18.0%). Hence, the role of apoptosis in generating dimmer spermatozoa and their DNA fragmentation appears clear, whereas the involvement of defects during the chromatin packaging remains elusive. PMID:24700807

Marchiani, S; Tamburrino, L; Olivito, B; Betti, L; Azzari, C; Forti, G; Baldi, E; Muratori, M

2014-05-01

237

Effect of Number of Days between Semen Sampling on Variance Heterogeneity of Semen Concentration of Young Simmental Bulls  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to estimate heterogeneity of genetic and environmental variances and heritabilities for semen concentration of young Simmental bulls due to different number of days between semen collections. Data utilized in this study consisted of 1132 young Simmental bulls born from 1974 to 2001 with total number of 6994 records, and 3000 animals in pedigree. The data were provided by the Performance Test Station . Varaždin.In order to analyze heterogeneity of variance, four data sets with two days periods (i.e. two and three; three and four; four and five; and five and six days between semen samplings were derived. Similarly, three data sets with three days periods between semen samplings were derived. Variance and covariance components and associated heritabilities for such defined data sets were estimated by Restricted Maximum Likelihood from a set of single-trait animal models. Fixed effects were defined as birth year x season and number of days between collections, and animal effect was defined as a random effect. The heritability estimates ranged between 0.01 to 0.08. Days between collections influenced variance heterogeneity. An increase of days between collections increased additive and permanent environment variance, decreased error variance, thus the estimation of heritability was improved.

Kristijan Grubiši?

2003-06-01

238

Do Cigarette Smoking and Obesity Affect Semen Abnormality in Idiopathic Infertile Males?  

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Purpose This study was conducted to find the relative risk of semen abnormality with respect to smoking history and obesity. Materials and Methods Subfertile or infertile men were enrolled in this study from July 2010 to June 2011. All participants provided their cigarette use information, self-reported weight, height, semen analysis, physical examination, and sexually transmitted disease status. None of the enrolled patients had any specific pathological reason for infertility. Semen abnormality was defined as a condition in which one or more parameters did not satisfy the World Health Organization's criteria. Results A total of 1,073 male patients were considered for this study. After the application of the inclusion criteria, 193 patients were finally analyzed. These patients were divided into two groups according to semen abnormality: the normal semen group (n=72) and the abnormal semen group (n=121). Baseline characteristics, except age and smoking history, were not significantly different between the two groups. Smoking history and age were risk factors for the semen abnormality of idiopathic infertile male patients. Conclusions Smoking and old age were risk factors for semen abnormality. However, obesity did not affect the semen abnormality. Smoking affected semen quality and is therefore expected to play a negative role in conception. PMID:25237661

Lee, Hui Dai; Lee, Hyo Serk; Lee, Joong Shik; Park, Yong-Seog

2014-01-01

239

Estimation of the genetic parameters of semen quality in Beijing-You chickens.  

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By estimating the genetic parameters of various semen quality traits in Beijing-You chickens, this study aims to elucidate the inheritance patterns of these traits and the correlations between them to facilitate setting up appropriate breeding strategies for enhanced semen quality. Semen samples were collected from 518 Beijing-You roosters at 43 wk of age from 3 selection lines related to meat flavor traits. Seven semen quality traits, consisting of semen volume, pH, and color, and sperm viability, motility, percent deformity, and concentration, were determined. Sizeable variations (18-24% CV) were observed for all traits, except for semen pH. The effects of semen collection time and origin of the chickens (line) were analyzed to optimize the proper models for estimating genetic parameters for each trait. The multiple-trait derivative-free restricted maximum likelihood method was used for estimating variance components. The results revealed that sperm viability, motility, and percent deformity exhibited high heritabilities (h(2) = 0.52, 0.85, and 0.60, respectively). Semen volume, semen color, and sperm concentration had moderate heritabilities (h(2) = 0.28, 0.19, and 0.12, respectively). Semen pH showed low heritability (h(2) = 0.03). Genetic and phenotypic correlations between sperm motility and viability were positive and high (rA = 0.88 and rP = 0.59). In addition, these 2 traits were genetically negatively correlated with percent deformity. This implied the possibility of reducing sperm deformity, which is difficult to measure, by indirect selection. It is concluded from this study that semen quality can be improved by selection. The traits with high variations and heritabilities such as semen volume are promising traits for selection to improve semen quality and likely reproductive performance of native chicken breeds. PMID:24046406

Hu, J; Chen, J L; Wen, J; Zhao, G P; Zheng, M Q; Liu, R R; Liu, W P; Zhao, L H; Liu, G F; Wang, Z W

2013-10-01

240

Obtención y evaluación del semen de capibara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris / Collection and evaluation of semen from the Capybara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Determinar las características del semen y la morfometría de los espermatozoides del Capibara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris). Materiales y métodos. Se utilizaron 10 machos con peso entre 21-45 kg, los cuales fueron restringidos y anestesiados. El semen se obtuvo mediante electroeyaculación y [...] se determinó el color, volumen, pH, motilidad en masa, motilidad individual, viabilidad, concentración y morfología. Se realizaron además mediciones de la cabeza y la cola de los espermatozoides. Resultados. Se obtuvo semen en el 100% (10/10) de los animales. El mayor número de eyaculaciones (80%; 8/10), se obtuvo con un voltaje máximo de 6V. El color fue blanco, de aspecto lechoso, los valores promedio fueron volumen 135.5±93.56 µl, pH 8.14±0.38, motilidad masal 32.60±13.46%, motilidad individual 34±19.81%, viabilidad 51.3±19.42%, concentración espermática 127±59.01x106 espermatozoides/mL y morfología 51.3±19.42 espermatozoides normales. La longitud de la cabeza fue 5.41±0.7 µm, el ancho de la cabeza 3.77±0.5 µm y área de la cabeza 75.66±20.6 µm². La longitud de la cola fue 27.9±11.3 µm. Conclusiones. La obtención del semen fue satisfactoria mediante electroeyaculación, sin presentar notables diferencias en las características del semen y morfología de los espermatozoides con otros roedores silvestres de menor tamaño, aunque se observó una alta variabilidad de estas características entre los animales muestreados posiblemente por la heterogeneidad de los animales experimentales. Abstract in english Objective. Determine the characteristics of semen and morphometry of the Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) spermatozoid. Materials and methods. 10 males, weighing between 21-45 kg, which were restrained and anesthetized, were used in the study. The semen sample was obtained by electroejaculation [...] and the color, volume, pH, mass motility, individual motility, viability, concentration and morphology were determined. Measurements of the head and tail of spermatozoids were also conducted. Results. Semen was obtained from 100% (10/10) of the animals. The highest number of ejaculations (80%; 8/10) was obtained with a maximum voltage of 6V. The color was white, of a milky appearance, average values were volume 135.5 ± 93.56 µl, pH 8.14 ± 0.38, mass motility 32.60 ± 13.46%, individual motility 34 ± 19.81%, viability 19.42 ± 51.3%, sperm concentration 127 ± 59.01x106 spermatozoids / mL and morphology 51.3 ± 19.42 normal spermatozoids. The head length was 5.41 ± 0.7µm, the width of head 3.77 ± 0.5 and head area 75.66 ± 20.6 µm². The tail length was of 27.9 ± 11.3 µm. Conclusions. Semen collection by electro ejaculation was successful, without presenting significant differences in semen characteristics and spermatozoid morphology with other smaller wild rodents, although there was a high variability of these characteristics observed between the animals sampled, possibly due to the heterogeneity of the experimental animals.

José, Rodríguez P; Miguel, Peña J; Agustín, Góngora O; Ricardo, Murillo P.

2991-29-01

 
 
 
 
241

Evaluación del sistema antioxidante en el semen normal / Evaluation of antioxidant system in normal semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes. Las especies reactivas del oxígeno (ERO), tienen la capacidad de alterar reversible o irreversiblemente la función celular. Se ha propuesto que las ERO modifican la bioquímica y la fisiología del espermatozoide. Por otro lado, los mecanismos antioxidativos pudieran proteger a los esper [...] matozoides del daño producido por las ERO. Objetivo. Determinar los valores normales para el superóxido dismutasa (SOD), glutatión peroxidasa (GPx), malondialdehído (MDA) y óxido nítrico (NOx) en el líquido seminal y espermatozoides de humanos sanos. Procedimientos. Se estudiaron 45 muestras de semen de sujetos aparentemente sanos. Las muestras se obtuvieron por masturbación y se colectaron en tubos estériles. Una vez centrifugadas, se fraccionaron en alícuotas para medir la concentración de SOD, GPx, MDA y NOx. El análisis de las muestras se realizó conforme a métodos bioquímicos ampliamente aceptados. Resultados. Las concentraciones de SOD y MDA en el líquido seminal como en los espermatozoides fueron similares (SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 en semen y 0.45 ± .07 U/mg prot. en espermatozoides, y MDA 0.33 ± .07 y 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. en líquido seminal y espermatozoides, respectivamente. Con respecto a la GPx, está aumentada casi 13 veces más en los espermatozoides (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) que en el líquido seminal (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.), el NOx también se incrementa ligeramente en los espermatozoides (4.45 ± 0.43 µmol) cuando se compara con el líquido seminal (3.91 ± 0.16 µmol). Conclusiones. La medición de los antioxidantes y oxidantes pudieran servir para evaluar la infertilidad humana en aquellos casos donde los resultados de la espermatobioscopia aparezcan como normales. Abstract in english Background. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation have the ability to alter reversibly or irreversibly the cellular function in humans. It has been proposed that the ROS alters the biochemistry and the physiology of the sperm. On the other hand, the antioxidative mechanisms could protect the sperm [...] s from the damage produced by free radicals. Aim. To determine the normal values for superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NOx) in the seminal liquid of healthy humans. Procedures. Semen samples from 45 healthy men (22 to 47 years of age) were studied. The samples were obtained by masturbation and were collected in conical sterile tubes. Once centrifuged at 4 °C they were divided in aliquots to measure the concentration of SOD, GPx, MDA, and NOx. The analysis of the samples was realized in conformity with biochemical widely accepted methods. Results. The concentrations of SOD and MDA both in the seminal liquid and in the spermatozoids were similar, SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 U/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and 0.45 ± 0.07 U/ mg prot. in spermatozoids, and MDA 0.33 ± 0.07 nmoles/mg prot. and 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and spermatozoids respectively. With regard to GPx it increased almost 13 times more in the spermatozoids (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) than in the seminal liquid (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.). The NOx also increased lightly in the spermatozoids (4.45 ± 0.43 \\imol) when compared with the seminal liquid (3.91 ± 0.16 \\imol). Conclusions. The measurement of the antioxidative and oxidative agents could serve to evaluate human infertility in those cases where the result of the spematobioscopy appears normal.

Juan M., Gallardo.

242

Evaluación del sistema antioxidante en el semen normal / Evaluation of antioxidant system in normal semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes. Las especies reactivas del oxígeno (ERO), tienen la capacidad de alterar reversible o irreversiblemente la función celular. Se ha propuesto que las ERO modifican la bioquímica y la fisiología del espermatozoide. Por otro lado, los mecanismos antioxidativos pudieran proteger a los esper [...] matozoides del daño producido por las ERO. Objetivo. Determinar los valores normales para el superóxido dismutasa (SOD), glutatión peroxidasa (GPx), malondialdehído (MDA) y óxido nítrico (NOx) en el líquido seminal y espermatozoides de humanos sanos. Procedimientos. Se estudiaron 45 muestras de semen de sujetos aparentemente sanos. Las muestras se obtuvieron por masturbación y se colectaron en tubos estériles. Una vez centrifugadas, se fraccionaron en alícuotas para medir la concentración de SOD, GPx, MDA y NOx. El análisis de las muestras se realizó conforme a métodos bioquímicos ampliamente aceptados. Resultados. Las concentraciones de SOD y MDA en el líquido seminal como en los espermatozoides fueron similares (SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 en semen y 0.45 ± .07 U/mg prot. en espermatozoides, y MDA 0.33 ± .07 y 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. en líquido seminal y espermatozoides, respectivamente. Con respecto a la GPx, está aumentada casi 13 veces más en los espermatozoides (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) que en el líquido seminal (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.), el NOx también se incrementa ligeramente en los espermatozoides (4.45 ± 0.43 µmol) cuando se compara con el líquido seminal (3.91 ± 0.16 µmol). Conclusiones. La medición de los antioxidantes y oxidantes pudieran servir para evaluar la infertilidad humana en aquellos casos donde los resultados de la espermatobioscopia aparezcan como normales. Abstract in english Background. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation have the ability to alter reversibly or irreversibly the cellular function in humans. It has been proposed that the ROS alters the biochemistry and the physiology of the sperm. On the other hand, the antioxidative mechanisms could protect the sperm [...] s from the damage produced by free radicals. Aim. To determine the normal values for superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NOx) in the seminal liquid of healthy humans. Procedures. Semen samples from 45 healthy men (22 to 47 years of age) were studied. The samples were obtained by masturbation and were collected in conical sterile tubes. Once centrifuged at 4 °C they were divided in aliquots to measure the concentration of SOD, GPx, MDA, and NOx. The analysis of the samples was realized in conformity with biochemical widely accepted methods. Results. The concentrations of SOD and MDA both in the seminal liquid and in the spermatozoids were similar, SOD 0.43 ± 0.09 U/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and 0.45 ± 0.07 U/ mg prot. in spermatozoids, and MDA 0.33 ± 0.07 nmoles/mg prot. and 0.37 ± 0.10 nmoles/mg prot. in the seminal liquid and spermatozoids respectively. With regard to GPx it increased almost 13 times more in the spermatozoids (2547.77 ± 48.59 U/mg prot.) than in the seminal liquid (197.54 ± 25.21 U/mg prot.). The NOx also increased lightly in the spermatozoids (4.45 ± 0.43 \\imol) when compared with the seminal liquid (3.91 ± 0.16 \\imol). Conclusions. The measurement of the antioxidative and oxidative agents could serve to evaluate human infertility in those cases where the result of the spematobioscopy appears normal.

Juan M., Gallardo.

2007-02-01

243

Assessing undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed Nili-Ravi buffalo bull sperm by using standard semen assays  

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Full Text Available Hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST, eosin-nigrosin staining and normal apical ridge test (NAR were used to determine integrity of plasma membrane and acrosome of undiluted, diluted (cooled to 5oC and frozen-thawed sperm. Semen from seven bulls was used. For diluted and frozen-thawed sperm, three doses were pooled at 37oC. Percentage motility was assessed using a phase contrast microscope. A 50?l each of undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed semen was mixed with 500?l of 50, 100, 150, 150, 190 or 250 mOsm hypo-osmotic treatments of sodium citrate plus fructose and incubated at 37oC for 1 h. Total number of intact sperm (live of undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed were assessed before HOST. Percentage motility decreased (P0.05, but varied significantly (P<0.05 within bulls. In conclusion, plasma membrane integrity of undiluted and diluted sperm was compromised during freezing and thawing. However, freezing had no effect on acrosomal integrity.

A. Ijaz

2010-02-01

244

Impact of seminal trace element and glutathione levels on semen quality of Tunisian infertile men  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Growing evidence indicates that oxidative stress can be a primary cause of male infertility. Non-enzymatic antioxidants play an important protective role against oxidative damages and lipid peroxidation. Human seminal plasma is a natural reservoir of antioxidants. The aim of this study was to determine glutathione (GSH concentrations, trace element levels (zinc and selenium and the lipid peroxidation end product, malondialdehyde (MDA, in the seminal plasma of men with different fertility potentials. Methods Semen samples from 60 fertile men (normozoospermics and 190 infertile patients (74 asthenozoospermics, 56 oligozoospermics, and 60 teratozoospermics were analyzed for physical and biochemical parameters. Zinc (Zn and selenium (Se levels were estimated by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Total GSH (GSHt, oxidized GSH (GSSG, reduced GSH (GSHr and MDA concentrations were measured spectrophotometrically. Results Zn and Se concentrations in seminal plasma of normozoospermics were more elevated than the three abnormal groups. Nevertheless, only the Zn showed significant differences. On the other hand, Zn showed positive and significant correlations with sperm motility (P = 0.03, r = 0.29 and count (P Conclusions This report revealed that decreased seminal GSH and trace element deficiencies are implicated in low sperm quality and may be an important indirect biomarker of idiopathic male infertility. Our results sustain that the evaluation of seminal antioxidant status in infertile men is necessary and can be helpful in fertility assessment from early stages.

Atig Fatma

2012-03-01

245

Studies on Freezing RAM Semen in Absence of Glycerol.  

Science.gov (United States)

Glycerol is widely used as a major cryoprotective agent for freezing spermatozoa of almost all species. However, it reduces fertility of sheep inseminated cervically compared with intrauterine insemination. Studies were conducted to develop a method and procedure for freezing ram semen in the absence of glycerol. Post -thaw survival of ram spermatozoa frozen in the absence of glycerol was affected by time and temperature after collection and before dilution and time after dilution and before freezing. Increase in time at 5^ circC before or after dilution and before freezing increased both post-thaw motility and number of cells passing through Sephadex filter. A cold dilution method was developed. Slow cooling of fresh ram semen and diluting at 5^circ C 2-3 hr. after collection, then freezing 1 hr. after dilution improved both post-thaw motility and number of cells passing through Sephadex filter compared with immediate dilution at 30-37^circC after collection and freezing 3-4 hr. later (P semen in the absence of glycerol. An increase in post-thaw motility was obtained when semen was extended in TES titrated with Tris to pH 7.0 (TEST) and osmotic pressure of 375-400 mOsm/kg, containing 25-30% (v/v) egg yolk and 10% (v/v) maltose. A special device (boat) for freezing was constructed to insure the same height of the sample above LN _2 and thus the same freezing rate from freeze to freeze. Freezing of semen in 0.25cc straws at 5-10 cm above LN_2 (73.8 to 49.5 ^circC/min) yielded higher post-thaw motility than the rates resulted from freezing at 15 cm above LN_2 or 1 cm above LN _2. Faster Thawing in 37^ circC water for 30 sec. (7.8^ circC/sec.) increased post-thaw motility compared with slower thawing in 5 or 20^circ C water (P semen frozen without glycerol and 17.1% in a second trial. One injection (IM) of 15 mg PGF_{2alpha}/ewe for estrus synchronization during breeding season resulted in higher heat response and lambing rate than two injections given 10 days apart.

Abdelnaby, Abdelhady Abdelhakeam

1988-12-01

246

Plasma membrane changes during the liquid storage of boar spermatozoa: a comparison of methods.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies were performed on boar semen routinely used at the local artificial insemination (AI) centre. The semen was stored in a Safe Cell Plus commercial extender at 17 degrees C for nine days. The aim of our research was focused on changes in sperm plasma membrane integrity. The integrity of the sperm plasma membrane and acrosome as well as sperm motility decreased after dilution and during storage of the semen. The highest percentage of live sperm was identified by the eosin-nigrosin method, a lower percentage by the SYBR-14/PI test, and the lowest percentage of live cells was discovered by the hypoosmotic swelling (HOS) test (P < 0.01). There were significant differences between the results of staining methods and sperm motility (P < 0.01). No significant differences were found between the HOS test results and sperm motility. The plasma membrane integrity parameters positively correlated (P < 0.001) with each other and with sperm motility but negatively with aspartate aminotransferase activity. Our findings confirmed that the boar sperm aging changes, which increased during liquid semen preservation, were connected with the loss of function and integrity of the sperm plasma membrane. The employed complementary tests are comprehensive indicators of sperm membrane integrity during long-term semen preservation, and they can help establish the actual number of 'healthy' cells. The assays may be used in AI laboratories and should be incorporated into the routine of semen analysis. PMID:20159744

Gaczarzewicz, Dariusz; Piasecka, Ma?gorzata; Uda?a, Jan; B?aszczyk, Barbara; Stankiewicz, Tomasz; Laszczy?ska, Maria

2010-03-01

247

The Study on Sarcoma-180 Anticancer Effects of Juglandis Semen Herbal-acupuncture(JsD  

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Full Text Available Objectives: This study was purposed to investigate the sarcoma-180 anticancer effects of Herbal acupuncture with Juglandis Semen(JsD in mice. Methods: The Juglandis Semen Herbal-acupuncture was injected on Chung-wan(CV12 of mice with S-180 cancer cell line. Results: The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. Median survival time of S-180 cancer cell treated with Juglandis Semen Herbal-Acupuncture was not significant.(p < 0.05 2. Natural killer cell activity was insignificant for S-180 cell treated with Juglandis Semen Herbal-Acupuncture Herbal acupuncture. (P < 0.05 3. Interleukin-2 productivity of S-180 cell treated with Juglandis Semen Herbal-Acupuncture was not significant.(P < 0.05 Conclusions: According to the results, we can conclude Herbal-acupuncture with Juglandis Semen caused no effects in S-180 cancer cell.

Kye-Sung, Kang

2002-02-01

248

Semen Characteristics of Three Strains of Local Cocks in the Humid Tropical Environment of Nigeria  

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Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine the semen characteristics of three genotypes of Nigerian indigenous cocks. Thirty Six (36 local breeding cocks comprising of 12 frizzle, 12 normal and 12 naked neck selected randomly from the poultry breeding unit of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching and Research farm was used for this study. Semen were collected from them by abdominal massage and analyzed for semen characteristics. Semen concentration were significantly higher in naked- neck 4.86×109 ±0.03/mL (p0.05 of strains on semen pH, abnormal sperm and non-motile sperm. Morphological defects of the head, middle and tail was not significantly affected (p>0.05 by the genotypes. Variations on semen characteristics abound in the three Nigerian indigenous cocks sampled.

F.O. Ajayi

2011-06-01

249

Influence of Deficiency or Supplementary Selenium and a- Tochopherol (Vitamin E) In The Diet of Pubertal Male Zaraibi Goats on Fertility, Semen Quality and Testicular Traits  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Twenty pubertal male Zaraibi goats (bucks) were randomly divided into four equal groups; fed deficient Se or vit. E, adequate Se, adequate vit. E and adequate Se + vit. E diets for 3 months to study the influence of deficient or adequate selenium (Se) and vitamin E (vit. E) in the diet of pubertal male Zaraibi goats on fertility, semen quantity and quality and some testicular traits. The results showed that the best values of semen quantity (the ejaculate volume, sperm concentration and total sperm output per ejaculate) and semen quality (percentage of progressive motility, percentage of live sperm, number of motile sperm per ejaculate, percentage of dead, abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormality) were observed in bucks fed diet supplemented with adequate Se combined with adequate vit. E. The lowest values of semen quantity and semen quality were observed in bucks suffering from deficiency of Se and/or vit. E in their diets. Testosterone level in seminal plasma was significantly higher in bucks fed adequate Se and/or vit. E than those fed diet deficient in Se and vit. E. Testosterone level was significantly higher in bucks fed diet adequate in Se + vit. E than those fed diet adequate with Se or vit. E alone. Se and vit. E deficiency in the diets was accompanied by a significant decrease in testosterone, T4 and T3 levels in seminal plasma. Selenium or vit. E each one alone supplementation led to increases of these hormones. T4 and T3 levels were significantly higher in bucks fed adequate Se or adequate Se + vit. E than in bucks fed diet with adequate vitamin E alone. Adequate Se alone and adequate Se + vit. E diets were accompanied by significant increases in Se in seminal plasma. Adequate vit. E and adequate Se + vit. E diets were accompanied by significant increase in vit. E level in the seminal plasma. It is clear that there was synergism between Se and vit. E in the biological role of Se, since the level of Se in bucks fed diet containing adequate Se + vit. E was higher than the level of Se in group fed Se alone. The highest values of scrotal circumference and scrotum length were observed in bucks fed adequate Se + vit. E and the lowest testicular traits and fertility were observed in bucks fed diet deficient with Se and vit. E.

250

Efecto de la adición de cafeína y lactato sobre la motilidad del semen equino diluido en leche descremada-glucosa / Effect of caffeine and lactate addition on the motility of equine semen diluted in skim-glucose milk  

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Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En equinos la inseminación artificial se practica mayormente con semen refrigerado por las dificultades que plantea la criopreservación. Para mejorar las condiciones de conservación a 5ºC se debe considerar el deterioro espermático post-recolección, puesto que componentes del plasma seminal complica [...] n la supervivencia de los espermatozoides con procesos oxidativos. Algunos compuestos tienen propiedades antioxidantes y mejoran notablemente la motilidad y la supervivencia espermática. En esta experiencia se utilizó lactato de sodio (2mM) y cafeína (10 mM) incorporados al momento de la dilución del semen y a las 48 h de almacenaje a 5ºC, en un extender de base leche descremada-glucosa, con el propósito de estudiar los efectos de estos compuestos sobre los espermatozoides. Incorporados al momento de la dilución, el lactato y la cafeína indujeron movimientos más vigorosos que las muestras sin aditivos desde el inicio. Cuando se agregaron a las 48 h de almacenaje a 5ºC, ambos aditivos produjeron una notable recuperación en la motilidad (49% vs. 31%). Cuando estas mismas muestras fueron cultivadas a 37ºC, a los 30 minutos de incubación aquellas sin aditivos tuvieron escasas formas móviles (5%), frente a las adicionadas con lactato (29%) y cafeína (40%). A los 60 minutos las muestras sin aditivos casi no registraron movimiento, en tanto que las restantes mantuvieron porcentajes elevados. En los tres casos se encontraron diferencias estadísticas (P Abstract in english In equines, artificial insemination is practiced mostly with the use of refrigerated semen due to the difficulties that comes with the preservation of frozen semen. To improve the conservation conditions at 5ºC (refrigerated semen) it is necessary to consider the spermatic deterioration after the ga [...] thering, because components of the seminal plasma complicate the survival of the sperm with oxidative processes. Some components have antioxidant properties and improve notably the spermatic motility and survival. In this experience sodium lactate (2 mM) and caffeine (10 mM) were incorporated at the moment of the dilution of the semen, and at 48 h of conservation at 5ºC in a skim milk - glucose bases extender, with the purpose of studying their effects on the sperm. Incorporated at the moment of the dilution, the lactate and the caffeine induced more vigorous movements than the samples without additives. When they were added at 48 h of preservation at 5ºC, both additives produced a remarkable recovery in the motility (49% vs. 31%). When these same samples were cultivated at 37ºC, at 30 minutes of incubation those without additives had scarce mobile forms (5%), and different from those added with lactate (29%) and caffeine (40%). At 60 minutes, the samples without additives hardly registered movement while the rest maintained the former percentages. In the three cases, there were found statistical differences (P

Oscar, R. Wilde; Adolfo C, de la Vega; Maria L., Cruz.

2004-01-01

251

Efecto de dos dilutores sobre la motilidad e integridad de la membrana espermática en semen congelado de ovinos / Effects of two semen extenders on motility and integrity of sperm membrane in ovine frozen semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto de dos dilutores, Tris- Fructosa-Yema de huevo (Tris) y Citrato-Glucosa-Yema de huevo (citrato), sobre la motilidad espermática e integridad de la membrana espermática (HOST) en semen congelado de ovinos bajo la forma de pellets. La investigac [...] ión se llevó a cabo en el Banco de Semen de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, empleándose 4 carneros (2 Blackbelly y 2 Assaf) de 3.5 a 4 años de edad. Se empleó el análisis de covariancia para analizar Motilidad Individual Progresiva (MIP), y bloques completamente randomizados para medir el efecto de los dilutores sobre la integridad de la membrana espermática. Para el congelamiento del semen se utilizó hielo seco y el descongelamiento se realizó a 38 ºC en tubos de ensayo. En ovinos Assaf, la MIP del semen descongelado fue de 63.77 y 61.11% utilizando Tris y citrato, respectivamente, encontrándose diferencias significativas (p Abstract in english The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of two semen extenders: Tris- Fructose-egg yolk (Tris) and Citrate-Glucose-egg yolk (citrate) on motility and sperm membrane integrity (HOST) in ovine frozen semen in pellets. The study was carried out at the Semen Bank of the Agrarian Universit [...] y La Molina, in Lima, Peru, using 4 rams (2 Assaf and 2 Blackbelly) of 3.5 to 4 years old. A covariance analysis was used to evaluate the effect of the treatment and breed on Individual Progressive Motility (IPM), and randomized block design to evaluate the effect of extenders on sperm membrane integrity. Semen was frozen of dry ice and thawing was done in test tubes at 38 °C. In the Assaf breed, IPM of thawed semen was 63.77 and 61.11% when using Tris and citrate respectively, showing statistical difference (p

Próspero, Cabrera V; Javier, Orellana Ch; César, Pantoja A.

252

Efecto de dos dilutores sobre la motilidad e integridad de la membrana espermática en semen congelado de ovinos / Effects of two semen extenders on motility and integrity of sperm membrane in ovine frozen semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto de dos dilutores, Tris- Fructosa-Yema de huevo (Tris) y Citrato-Glucosa-Yema de huevo (citrato), sobre la motilidad espermática e integridad de la membrana espermática (HOST) en semen congelado de ovinos bajo la forma de pellets. La investigac [...] ión se llevó a cabo en el Banco de Semen de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, empleándose 4 carneros (2 Blackbelly y 2 Assaf) de 3.5 a 4 años de edad. Se empleó el análisis de covariancia para analizar Motilidad Individual Progresiva (MIP), y bloques completamente randomizados para medir el efecto de los dilutores sobre la integridad de la membrana espermática. Para el congelamiento del semen se utilizó hielo seco y el descongelamiento se realizó a 38 ºC en tubos de ensayo. En ovinos Assaf, la MIP del semen descongelado fue de 63.77 y 61.11% utilizando Tris y citrato, respectivamente, encontrándose diferencias significativas (p Abstract in english The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of two semen extenders: Tris- Fructose-egg yolk (Tris) and Citrate-Glucose-egg yolk (citrate) on motility and sperm membrane integrity (HOST) in ovine frozen semen in pellets. The study was carried out at the Semen Bank of the Agrarian Universit [...] y La Molina, in Lima, Peru, using 4 rams (2 Assaf and 2 Blackbelly) of 3.5 to 4 years old. A covariance analysis was used to evaluate the effect of the treatment and breed on Individual Progressive Motility (IPM), and randomized block design to evaluate the effect of extenders on sperm membrane integrity. Semen was frozen of dry ice and thawing was done in test tubes at 38 °C. In the Assaf breed, IPM of thawed semen was 63.77 and 61.11% when using Tris and citrate respectively, showing statistical difference (p

Próspero, Cabrera V; Javier, Orellana Ch; César, Pantoja A.

2010-07-01

253

Evaluation of Semen Quality of Holstein Friesian and Jersey Bulls Maintained under Subtropical Environment  

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Semen production data of Holstein-Friesian and Jersey bulls collected over a period of three years was analyzed to examine seasonal effects on quantity and quality of semen. Purebred breeding bulls of Holstein-Friesian and Jersey breeds (n = 18 for each breed), maintained under naturally ventilated open-sided sheds, were used for semen collection. Meteorological information on ambient temperature, relative humidity and rainfall was used to divide the calendar year into two stressful summer se...

M Fiaz, R. H. Usmani

2010-01-01

254

Embryo production with sex-sorted semen in superovulated dairy heifers and cows.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sex-sorted semen on the number and quality of embryos recovered from superovulated heifers and cows on commercial dairy farm conditions in Finland. The data consist of 1487 commercial embryo collections performed on 633 and 854 animals of Holstein and Finnish Ayrshire breeds, respectively. Superovulation was induced by eight intramuscular injections of follicle-stimulating hormone, at 12-hour intervals over 4 days, involving declining doses beginning on 9 to 12 days after the onset of standing estrus. The donors were inseminated at 9 to 15-hour intervals beginning 12 hours after the onset of estrus with 2 + 2 (+1) doses of sex-sorted frozen-thawed semen (N = 218) into the uterine horns or with 1 + 1 (+1) doses of conventional frozen-thawed semen (N = 1269) into the uterine corpus. Most conventional semen (222 bulls) straws contained 15 million sperm (total number 30-45 million per donor). Sex-sorted semen (61 bulls) straws contained 2 million sperm (total number 8-14 million per donor). Mean number of transferable embryos in recoveries from cows bred with sex-sorted semen was 4.9, which is significantly lower than 9.1 transferable embryos recovered when using conventional semen (P ? 0.001). In heifers, no significant difference was detected between mean number of transferable embryos in recoveries using sex-sorted semen and conventional semen (6.1 and 7.2, respectively). The number of unfertilized ova was higher when using sex-sorted semen than when using conventional semen in heifers (P superovulated cows, an optimal protocol for using sex-sorted semen remains to be found. PMID:23998739

Kaimio, I; Mikkola, M; Lindeberg, H; Heikkinen, J; Hasler, J F; Taponen, J

2013-11-01

255

Breeding soundness evaluation and semen analysis for predicting bull fertility.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bull fertility is influenced by numerous factors. Although 20-40% of bulls in an unselected population may have reduced fertility, few are completely sterile. Breeding soundness refers to a bull's ability to get cows pregnant. A standard breeding soundness evaluation identifies bulls with substantial deficits in fertility, but does not consistently identify sub-fertile bulls. In this regard, the use of frozen-thawed semen (from bulls in commercial AI centres) that meets minimum quality standards can result in pregnancy rates that differ by 20-25 percentage points. Although no single diagnostic test can accurately predict variations in fertility among bulls that are producing apparently normal semen, recent studies suggested that a combination of laboratory tests were predictive of fertility. This review is focused on recent developments in prediction of bull fertility, based on assessments at the molecular, cellular and whole-animal levels. PMID:18638148

Kastelic, J P; Thundathil, J C

2008-07-01

256

Effects of chronic boron exposure on semen profile.  

Science.gov (United States)

The possible changes in semen quality were studied in men living in a boron mining area. The subjects in the boron group had exposure to boron at an average level of 6.5 mg/day, as determined by urinary analysis. The results obtained by the boron group were compared to those obtained for the control group whose subjects were living in the same geographical area but away from the boron region; average exposure level was 1.4 mg/day for this group. The semen samples were analyzed according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization. Boron levels were established in the water samples obtained from various locations in the study region. In the boron mining fields where the subjects in the boron group live, water samples contained boron in the range of 1.4-6.5 mg/L, while the values were boron group. PMID:21170602

Korkmaz, Mehmet; Yenigün, Mehmet; Bak?rdere, Sezgin; Ataman, Osman Yavuz; Keskin, S?dd?k; Müezzino?lu, Talha; Lekili, Murat

2011-11-01

257

Self-inflicted chronic bacterial keratoconjunctivitis using self semen.  

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This case report describes a case of self-inflicted chronic bacterial keratoconjunctivitis involving the patient's own semen. A 20-year-old male soldier was referred to our clinic for the evaluation of refractory chronic bacterial conjunctivitis. Over the previous 4 months, he had been treated for copious mucous discharge, conjunctival injection, and superficial punctate keratitis in both eyes at an army hospital and a local eye clinic. Despite the use of topical and systemic antibiotics according to the results of conjunctival swab culture, there was no improvement. During the repeated smear and culture of conjunctival swabs, surprisingly, a few sperm were detected on Gram staining, revealing that the condition was self-inflicted bacterial keratoconjunctivitis involving the patient's own semen. Thus, in cases of chronic keratoconjunctivitis that do not respond to appropriate antibiotic treatment, self-inflicted disease or malingering should be considered. PMID:24311933

Eom, Youngsub; Kim, Young-Ho; Kim, Seung-Hyun; Kim, Hyo Myung; Song, Jong-Suk

2013-12-01

258

Effect of L-(+)-Ergothioneine (EGT) on Freezability of Ram Semen  

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The aim of this study was to investigate freezability of ram semen extended with different L-(+)-Ergothioneine (EGT) doses. For this aim, semen from four ram were collected with artificial vagina (44°C) and then pooled. Pooled semen was divided five aliquots and extended with skim milk based extender containing 0 mmol/L (EGT0: Control), 1 mmol/L (EGT1), 2 mmol/L (EGT2), 5 mmol/L (EGT5) and 10 mmol/L (EGT10) EGT, respectively. After equilibration (+5°C/2 h), the extended aliquots of semen in...

Ari, U. C.; Kulaksiz, R.; Ozturkler, Y.; Yildiz, S.; Lehimcioglu, N. C.

2012-01-01

259

Twice daily collection yields greater semen output and does not affect male libido in the ostrich.  

Science.gov (United States)

The success of an artificial insemination program in ostriches is highly dependent on the yield of viable semen. We, therefore, tested how semen output is affected by three different collection frequencies: once every 2d (48h interval), daily (24h interval), and twice a day (6h interval). Ejaculates were collected from seven male ostriches (aged 2-4 years) for 10 consecutive days using the dummy female method. We assessed semen characteristics (sperm motility, volume, concentration, number of sperm per ejaculate and sperm viability) and male libido (the delay between the presentation of the dummy and ejaculation, and the willingness to mount the dummy). The total daily output of semen and the number of sperm were greater at the 6h collection interval than at the 24h or 48h interval while sperm motility and viability were not affected. At the 6h interval, the number of live normal sperm increased over the treatment period while the number of live abnormal sperm was reduced. Furthermore, the time that males took to mount the dummy and their willingness to copulate with the dummy were unaffected by collection frequency. Across males we observed great individual variation in both semen characteristics and libido suggesting there is the potential to increase the efficiency of semen collection by selecting superior males. These results indicate not only that two collections per day yield maximum semen output and may improve semen viability, but also that quantifying variation between males may help further increase semen collection efficiency. PMID:21306843

Bonato, Maud; Rybnik, Paulina K; Malecki, Irek A; Cornwallis, Charlie K; Cloete, Schalk W P

2011-02-01

260

Global decline in semen quality: ignoring the developing world introduces selection bias  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Raywat Deonandan, Marya JaleelInterdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, CanadaAbstract: Multiple studies from around the world have suggested that semen quality is declining globally. However, all studies suffer from variable semen sampling criteria, selection bias with respect to the types of men volunteering to participate, and a bias with respect to a tendency to examine only samples from high-income countries. This heterogeneity in approaches, especially given the undersampling of rural and less affluent men from low-income countries, calls into question researchers' claims of universally declining semen norms.Keywords: human semen, quality, global, developing world

Deonandan R

2012-03-01

 
 
 
 
261

Comparison of different extenders on the quality characteristics of turkey semen during storage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semen of the domestic turkey cannot be stored longer than 6 h without a loss of fertilizing capability. The improvement of long-term liquid storage procedures of semen is important since the commercial production of turkey relies almost entirely on artificial insemination. Therefore, studies improving storage regimens would allow longer storage and consequently hen fertility (Iaffaldano and Meluzzi, 2003. Since the search for an optimal extender composition for semen storage is still in progress, the aim of this paper has been to study the effects of different extenders on the quality of turkey semen during the storage for 48 h at 5°C.

A. Meluzzi

2010-01-01

262

Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on drake semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This study was conducted to determine the effect on semen quality traits of supplementing the diets of Iraqi drakes with L-carnitine. Forty eight male Iraqi ducks, 30 weeks old, were randomly allocated to four treatments with 12 drakes per treatment group, replicated three times, with four drakes pe [...] r replicate. The treatment groups consisted of birds fed a diet free of L-carnitine (T1, control group); birds fed a diet containing 50 mg L-carnitine/kg diet (T2); birds fed a diet containing 100 mg L-carnitine/kg diet (T3); and birds fed a diet containing 150 mg L-carnitine/kg diet. The drakes were fed the experimental diets only during the experimental period, which lasted three months. The semen quality traits that were investigated were ejaculate volume, mass and individual motility of spermatozoa, spermatocrit, spermatozoa concentration, percentages of dead and abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormalities. Supplementing the diet of drakes with L-carnitine at the levels of 50 - 150 mg/kg diet significantly increased ejaculate volume, spermatocrit, mass and individual motility of spermatozoa, and concentration of spermatozoa, while percentages of dead and abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormalities were decreased. However, T4 (150 mg L-carnitine/kg diet) recorded the best results in relation to all semen quality traits included in this study. Dietary supplementation with L-carnitine improved the semen quality of local drakes; therefore L-carnitine can be used as an efficient feed additive to improve the reproductive performance of male ducks.

H.J., Al-Daraji; A.O., Tahir.

263

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Populations in Blood and Semen  

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Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) usually results in outgrowth of viruses with macrophage-tropic phenotype and consensus non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) V3 loop sequences, despite the presence of virus with broader host range and the syncytium-inducing (SI) phenotype in the blood of many donors. We examined proviruses in contemporaneous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and nonspermatozoal semen mononuclear cells (NSMC) of five HIV-1-infected individuals to dete...

Delwart, Eric L.; Mullins, James I.; Gupta, Phalguni; Learn, Gerald H.; Holodniy, Mark; Katzenstein, David; Walker, Bruce D.; Singh, Mandaleshwar K.

1998-01-01

264

Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on drake semen quality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english This study was conducted to determine the effect on semen quality traits of supplementing the diets of Iraqi drakes with L-carnitine. Forty eight male Iraqi ducks, 30 weeks old, were randomly allocated to four treatments with 12 drakes per treatment group, replicated three times, with four drakes pe [...] r replicate. The treatment groups consisted of birds fed a diet free of L-carnitine (T1, control group); birds fed a diet containing 50 mg L-carnitine/kg diet (T2); birds fed a diet containing 100 mg L-carnitine/kg diet (T3); and birds fed a diet containing 150 mg L-carnitine/kg diet. The drakes were fed the experimental diets only during the experimental period, which lasted three months. The semen quality traits that were investigated were ejaculate volume, mass and individual motility of spermatozoa, spermatocrit, spermatozoa concentration, percentages of dead and abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormalities. Supplementing the diet of drakes with L-carnitine at the levels of 50 - 150 mg/kg diet significantly increased ejaculate volume, spermatocrit, mass and individual motility of spermatozoa, and concentration of spermatozoa, while percentages of dead and abnormal spermatozoa and acrosomal abnormalities were decreased. However, T4 (150 mg L-carnitine/kg diet) recorded the best results in relation to all semen quality traits included in this study. Dietary supplementation with L-carnitine improved the semen quality of local drakes; therefore L-carnitine can be used as an efficient feed additive to improve the reproductive performance of male ducks.

H.J., Al-Daraji; A.O., Tahir.

2014-01-01

265

Effects of osmotic pressure on motility, plasma membrane integrity and viability in fresh and frozen-thawed buffalo spermatozoa.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the first experiment, osmotic pressure of semen and seminal plasma in a semen sample from each of the 20 mature Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls was determined. In the second experiment, effects of osmotic pressure on motility (%), plasma membrane integrity (%) and viability (%) in fresh and frozen-thawed semen samples from each of the seven mature Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls was determined. In the first experiment, seminal plasma was harvested by centrifuging semen at 400 × g for 10 min at 37°C and osmotic pressure was determined using an osmometer. In the second experiment, motility (%) was assessed in fresh and frozen-thawed (37°C for 30 s) semen samples using a phase-contrast microscope (×400). Plasma membrane integrity (%) was determined by mixing 50 ?l each of fresh and frozen-thawed semen with 500 ?l of solution having an osmotic pressure of 50, 100, 150, 190 or 250 mOsm/l (hypotonic treatments of fructose + sodium citrate) and incubating at 37°C for 1 h. Viability (%) of fresh and frozen-thawed spermatozoa before and after challenging them to osmotic pressure (hypotonic treatments) was assessed using supravital stain under a phase-contrast microscope (×400). In the first experiment, the mean ± s.e. osmotic pressures of the buffalo semen and seminal plasma were 268.8 ± 1.17 and 256.0 ± 1.53 mOsm/l, respectively. In the second experiment, motility (%) decreased (P Nili-Ravi buffalo semen and seminal plasma is determined. Furthermore, variation in osmotic pressure below 250 mOsm/l is not favorable to fresh and frozen-thawed buffalo spermatozoa. PMID:22443568

Khan, M I R; Ijaz, A

2008-04-01

266

Personality of semen donors and their social behaviour.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors examined, using three generally accepted methods, the personality structure of 80 semen donors (Cattell's 16-factor questionnaire, 16PF, Eysenck's personality questionnaire, EOD, and Leary's method of interpersonal diagnosis of personality). The donors were selected by means of the Questionnaire of semen donors. The group is subdivided into four sub-groups by the grade of education, i.e. university graduates, men with secondary and elementary education and university students. All are 20-40 years old. The authors describe the assembled results in different sub-groups and in the group as a whole and compare them mutually and with the standardized norm. With regard to the specificity of individual methods and their application the findings are summarized. The donors are balanced personalities, slightly extrovert, emotionally well developed with a realistic outlook. They have positive, sensitive relations with their environment an behaviour towards other people, they are considerate, careful and disciplined. They respect social norms as regards preservation of originality of personality. They have a slight tendency of sheltering behaviour, they wish to be somewhat more aggressive. No pathological phenomena were observed in the donors. Their intelligence is above average. They make a favourable impression with regard to the demand of mental health and transmission of genetic information. The authors evaluate favourably the Questionnaire for semen donors as the method for selection of donors. PMID:1807935

Taus, L; Gerzová, J

1991-01-01

267

Decreases in Human Semen Quality with Age Among Healthy Men  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this report is to characterize the associations between age and semen quality among healthy active men after controlling for identified covariates. Ninety-seven healthy, nonsmoking men between 22 and 80 years without known fertility problems who worked for or retired from a large research laboratory. There was a gradual decrease in all semen parameters from 22-80 years of age. After adjusting for covariates, volume decreased 0.03 ml per year (p = 0.001); sperm concentration decreased 2.5% per year (p = 0.005); total count decreased 3.6% per year of age (p < 0.001); motility decreased 0.7% per year (P < 0.001); progressive motility decreased 3.1% per year (p < 0.001); and total progressively motile sperm decreased 4.8% per year (p < 0.001). In a group of healthy active men, semen volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count, and sperm motility decrease continuously between 22-80 years of age, with no evidence of a threshold.

Eskenazi, B.; Wyrobek, A.J.; Kidd, S.A.; Moore, L.; Young, S.S.; Moore, D.

2001-12-01

268

The effect of intrauterine insemination time on semen parameters  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective The purpose of this observational study was to determine whether semen parameters (concentration, motility) were affected by the interval between the onset of postwash sperm incubation and intrauterine insemination (IUI) time. Material and Methods Semen specimens of 100 normozoospermic men collected at the clinic were allowed 20 minutes for liquefaction at room temperature. Semen samples were subjected to both macroscopic and microscopic examinations. After centrifugation in a density gradient column and sperm-washing medium, the samples were kept in an incubator. After 30 minutes, 60 minutes, and 120 minutes, the concentration and motility were recorded. Results According the results of the Bonferroni post hoc test, there were significant differences in values of mean sperm count, percent progressive sperm motility, and total motile sperm count between 30 minutes and 120 minutes (p=0.000, p=0.000, and p=0.000) and between 60 minutes and 120 minutes (p=0.000, p=0.000, and p=0.001), but there was no significant difference between 30 minutes and 60 minutes (p=1, p=0.173, and p=1). Conclusion This study demonstrated that sperm parameters are negatively affected from prolonged incubation time. A maximum 60-minute limit of the interval between the onset of postwash sperm incubation and IUI time may increase pregnancy rates. PMID:24976772

Koyun, Elvan; Okyay, Recep Emre; Dogan, Omer Erbil; Koval?, Muge; Dogan, Sultan Seda; Gulekli, Bulent

2014-01-01

269

THE EFFECT OF IN VITRO SEMEN STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND AGE OF MALES ON SPERMATOZOA MOTILITY PARAMETERS OF TURKEYS SEMEN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This work was to evaluate the effect of in vitro storage temperature and age of males on turkey spermatozoa motility. For this purpose samples were collected from British United Turkeys (BUT Big 6 line and semen quality was assessed by using Computer Assisted Semen Analyzer (CASA system. After 60 minutes of storage spermatozoa motility, progressive motility and amplitude of lateral head displacement decreased significantly both in 4° and 41°C regardless of birds age. However the lowest values of all parameters were noted after storage in thermostat. Spermatozoa motility after 0 and 60 minutes in 4°C was higher in samples collected from turkeys of 35 – 42 weeks of age (60.94% and 53.33% respectively. Whereas the value of that parameter in semen stored in 41°C was lower in that age group. The same tendency was found in progressive motility. The results showed that higher temperature of in vitro storage (even that similar to animal body temperature, in this case 41ºC has more negative effect on spermatozoa motility parameters than lower temperature.

Joanna Paluch

2013-02-01

270

Pregnancy rates following AI with sexed semen in Mediterranean Italian buffalo heifers (Bubalus bubalis).  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of sexed semen in farm animal production and genetic improvement has been shown to be feasible with variable degree of efficiency in a number of species, and proved to be economically viable in cattle. In the last two decades, various newly developed reproductive technologies applicable in buffaloes have mushroomed. Recently, following the birth of the first buffalo calves using AI with sexed semen, commercial interest to exploit sexing of semen in this species too is aroused. In order to verify the successful adoption of this technology in the buffalo, the present study on the use of sexed semen for AI was carried out and compared with conventional artificial insemination using nonsexed semen. A total of 379 buffalo heifers were used for synchronization of ovulation using the Presynch protocol in the South of Italy. Selected animals at the time of AI were randomly allocated to three different experiment groups: (1) 102 animals subjected to AI in the body of the uterus with sexed semen (SS body); (2) 104 animals subjected to AI in the horn of the uterus with sexed semen (SS horn); and (3) 106 animals subjected to AI in the body of the uterus with conventional nonsexed semen (NSS body). Semen of three buffalo bulls was sexed by a collaborating company and commercially distributed in 0.25 mL straws with a total of 2 million sexed spermatozoa. Pregnancy rates were first assessed at Day 28 following AI, and rechecked at Day 45 by ultrasound. Pregnancy rates were nonsignificantly different between animals inseminated with sexed or nonsexed semen: 80/206 (38.8%) and 40/106 (37.7%), respectively (P = 0.85). However, site of insemination of sexed semen affected pregnancy rate significantly as higher pregnancy rates were obtained when sexed semen was deposited into the body rather than the horn of the uterus: 46/101 (45.5%) and 34/105 (32.3%), respectively (P = 0.05). In conclusion, the use of sexed semen in buffalo heifers gave satisfactory and similar pregnancy rates when compared with conventional nonsexed semen. Deposition of sexed semen into the body of the uterus, however, increased pregnancy rates significantly. PMID:21497388

Campanile, G; Gasparrini, B; Vecchio, D; Neglia, G; Senatore, E M; Bella, A; Presicce, G A; Zicarelli, L

2011-08-01

271

Fertilization Capacity of Rooster Spermatozoa in Response to the Modification in the Semen Composition  

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Full Text Available An experiment was carried out to study the changes in fertilization capacity of rooster sperms in response to the modification in the biochemical composition of the semen. Chickens of two lines (CE2 and CE4 were used. Seven treatments of semen were designed and included the incubation of sperm with the plasmid, with a mixture of the plasmid and lipofectin at 2.5 or 5% concentration and the incubation of spermatozoa with lipofectin and a semen extender (BPSE. The progenies were obtained from the insemination of hens by the semen of different treatments. Sperm motility was greatly influenced by the treatments. Motility was significantly the highest in the control semen and averaged 92.42% and highly significantly declined to 52.08 and 58.75% in the semen samples treated with the plasmid, lipofectin at 2.5 or 5% concentration and diluted with BPSE. The percentage of live sperm was not affected by the addition of the plasmid. The addition of the plasmid and lipofectin or the dilutent BPSE resulted in a significant reduction in the percentage of live sperms. The percentage of live sperms was 59-62% when the plasmid, lipofectin and BPSE were all together added to the semen samples. The percentages of dead and abnormally-shaped sperm reached to 26.88 and 17.13%, respectively, in the semen treated with plasmid, lipofectin 5% and BPSE. Fertility averaged 88.22% in the eggs of hens inseminated with the control semen and significantly decreased to 42.14% when semen was incubated with the plasmid pUC18 and reached to 58.98% when semen was treated with plasmid, lipofectin (5% and BPSE.

Shoukry M. El-Tantawy

2012-01-01

272

Survey of carnitine content of human semen using a semiquantitative auxanographic method: decreased semen total carnitine concentration in patients with azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia.  

Science.gov (United States)

A microbiological method, using the carnitine-requiring yeast, Torulopsis bovina ATCC 26014, was developed to identify samples of human semen which contained low levels (less than 250 micron M) of total carnitine. Of 399 semen samples from a male infertility clinic which were tested, 30 (7.5%) were low in carnitine. Of these, 14 were azoospermic and 16 were severely oligozoospermic. Some azoospermic samples (19 = 58%) and severely oligozoospermic samples (51 = 79%) did not give evidence of low carnitine concentrations. These results indicate that decreased total carnitine concentration in semen occurs in certain classes of azoospermic and severely oligozoospermic patients. PMID:7198393

Soffer, Y; Shalev, D P; Weissenberg, R; Orenstein, H; Nebel, L; Lewin, L M

1981-01-01

273

Detection of viral genomes of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) in semen and in genital tract tissues of male goat.  

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The aim of this study was to determine the infectious status of semen and genital tract tissues from male goat naturally infected with the caprine lentivirus. Firstly, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the presence of CAEV proviral-DNA in the circulating mononuclear cells, semen (spermatozoa and non-spermatic cells), and genital tract tissues (testis, epididymis, vas deferens, and vesicular gland) of nine bucks. RT-PCR was used to detect the presence of CAEV viral RNA in seminal plasma. Secondly, in situ hybridization was performed on PCR-positive samples from the head, body, and tail of the epididymis. CAEV proviral-DNA was identified by PCR in the blood cells of 7/9 bucks and in non-spermatic cells of the seminal plasma of 3/9 bucks. No CAEV proviral-DNA was identified in the spermatozoa fraction. The presence of CAEV proviral-DNA in non-spermatic cells and the presence of CAEV in the seminal plasma was significantly higher (p<0.01) in bucks with PCR-positive blood. Two of the three bucks with positive seminal plasma cells presented with at least one PCR-positive genital tract tissue. Proviral-DNA was found in the head (3/9), body (3/9), and tail (2/9) of the epididymis. In situ hybridization confirmed the presence of viral mRNA in at least one of each of these tissues, in the periphery of the epididymal epithelium. This study clearly demonstrates the presence of viral mRNA and proviral-DNA in naturally infected male goat semen and in various tissues of the male genital tract. PMID:18082249

Ali Al Ahmad, M Z; Fieni, F; Pellerin, J L; Guiguen, F; Cherel, Y; Chatagnon, G; Bouzar, A B; Chebloune, Y

2008-03-01

274

Different concentrations of cysteamine and ergothioneine improve microscopic and oxidative parameters in ram semen frozen with a soybean lecithin extender.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ergothioneine and cysteamine as antioxidant supplements in a soybean lecithin extender for freezing ram semen. Twenty-four ejaculates were collected from four rams and diluted with extenders (1.5% soybean lecithin, 7% glycerol) containing no supplements (control) and cysteamine or ergothioneine (2, 4, 6 or 8mM). Motility by CASA, viability, plasma membrane functionality (HOS test), total abnormality, lipid peroxidation, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and capacitation status (CTC staining) were assessed after thawing. Using 6mM of either antioxidant improved total motility. Cysteamine at 6mM and ergothioneine at 4 and 6mM improved viability and reduced lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde concentration). Both antioxidants improved membrane functionality significantly, except at 8mM. Progressive motility, kinematic parameters, GPx activity, capacitation status and sperm abnormalities were not influenced by the antioxidant supplements. In conclusion, cysteamine at 6mM and ergothioneine at 4 or 6mM seem to improve the post-thawing quality of ram semen cryopreserved in a soybean lecithin extender. PMID:24854868

Najafi, Abozar; Kia, Hossein Daghigh; Mohammadi, Hossein; Najafi, Mir Hossein; Zanganeh, Zaynab; Sharafi, Mohsen; Martinez-Pastor, Felipe; Adeldust, Hamideh

2014-08-01

275

Recovery of cell-free mRNA and microRNA from human semen based on their physical nature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cell-free seminal mRNA (cfs-mRNA) and microRNA (cfs-miRNA) have been found in human ejaculate and reported as promising noninvasive biomarkers for disorders of male reproductive organs and forensic identification. However, seminal plasma is particularly challenging for RNA extraction due to its complicated composition and high content of protein, DNA, and polysaccharide. Here, we report a novel, simple, and reliable method for the isolation of cfs-mRNA and cfs-miRNA from human semen based on our previous findings of their physical nature. Seminal microvesicles (0.1-0.5 µm in diameter), which contain the majority of cfs-mRNA, were enriched by a microfilter. Protein complexes, which most cfs-miRNA is bound with, were enriched by an ultrafilter. Harvesting the complexes or microvesicles, in which RNAs exist, avoided the influence of other components in human semen, thus favoring RNA isolation and purification. This new method can efficiently isolate cfs-mRNA and cfs-miRNA separately based on their physical nature, with high RNA purity, and low DNA contamination. It may also be applied or modified to isolate cell-free RNAs in other fluids. PMID:24164173

Wang, Liping; Lv, Jinming; Guo, Cuicui; Li, Honggang; Xiong, Chengliang

2014-01-01

276

Uso de dilutores hipertónicos en la criopreservación de semen ovino / Hypertonic extenders in the cryopreservation of ovine semen  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se evaluó el efecto crioprotector de dos dilutores hipertónicos (Trealosa y Lactosa) sobre las características postdescongelamiento del semen ovino (n=4). La composición de los dilutores base incluyó Tris 27.1 g/l, ácido cítrico 14.0 g/l, fructosa 10.0 g/l, glicina 10.0 g/l, yema de huevo 10.0 % (v/ [...] v) y glicerol 6.5 % (v/v). El semen colectado con vagina artificial tuvo las siguientes características: volumen: 1.1 ± 0.1ml, concentración espermática: 3.5 ± 0.1 x 109/ml, motilidad individual: 87.0 ± 2.4%, motilidad masal (escala 0- 5): 4.4 ± 0.2, espermatozoides vivos: 90.2 ± 3.8% y anormales 1.8 ± 0.7%. El semen fue congelado en pajillas de 0.5 ml y conservado en nitrógeno líquido. Las pajillas fueron descongeladas luego de 3 meses para su evaluación. Se obtuvo una motilidad individual de 40.3 ± 5.9 y 30.0 ± 5.0% y un número de espermatozoides vivos de 34.4 ± 6.6 y 24.4 ± 5.0 para los dilutores Trealosa y Lactosa, respectivamente. El mejor resultado se obtuvo al utilizar el dilutor hipertónico Trealosa por tener mejores características de motilidad individual y espermatozoides vivos postdescongelamiento. Abstract in english The cryoprotectant effect of two hypertonic extenders (trehalose and lactose) on the post-thawing characteristics of ram semen (n=4) was evaluated. The extender composition included Tris 27.1 g/l, Citric acid 14.0 g/l, Fructose 10.0 g/l, Glycine 10.0 g/l, egg yolk 10.0% (v/v) and Glycerol 6.5% (v/v) [...] . Semen was collected in an artificial vagina. Seminal characteristics were: volume: 1.1 ± 0.1 ml, sperm concentration: 3.50 ± 0.1 x 109/ml, individual motility: 87.0 ± 2.4%, wave motility (scale 0-5): 4.4 ± 0.2, live sperms: 90.2 ± 3.8%, and abnormal sperms: 1.8 ± 0.7%. Semen was frozen in 0.5 ml straws and stored in liquid nitrogen. Straws were thawed after 3 months. Results of post-thawing evaluation were: individual motility: 40.3 ± 5.9 and 30.0 ± 5.0%, and live sperms: 34.4 ± 6.6 and 24.3 ± 5.0% for the Trehalose and Lactose extenders respectively. Results showed a better ram semen cryopreservation when the Trehalose extender was used.

Hernán, Guerrero V.; Wilfredo, Huanca L.; Fernando, Raymundo T.; Sandra, Huerta O.; Daphne, Ramos D..

277

9 CFR 98.35 - Declaration, health certificate, and other documents for animal semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

...certificate, and other documents for animal semen. ...certificate, and other documents for animal semen. ...agent shall first present two copies of a declaration...from any part of the world shall, in addition to...any other accompanying documents. (Approved by...

2010-01-01

278

Semen of HIV-1–Infected Individuals: Local Shedding of Herpesviruses and Reprogrammed Cytokine Network  

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Background.?Semen is the main carrier of sexually transmitted viruses, including human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). However, semen is not just a mere passive transporter of virions but also plays an active role in HIV-1 transmission through cytokines and other biological factors.

Lisco, Andrea; Munawwar, Arshi; Introini, Andrea; Vanpouille, Christophe; Saba, Elisa; Feng, Xingmin; Grivel, Jean-charles; Singh, Sarman; Margolis, Leonid

2012-01-01

279

Detection of Ureaplasma spp. in semen samples from sheep in Brazil  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was conducted to verify the presence of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas DNA in sheep semen samples from the State of Pernambuco. The PCR assay was conducted of according with standard protocols with generic primers. Mollicutes DNA was detected in 26.0% and Ureaplasma spp. in 12.0% of semen samples. PMID:24516459

dos Santos, Sandra Batista; de Souza Neto, Orestes Luiz; de Albuquerque, Pedro Paulo Feitosa; da Rocha Mota, Andre; de Cassia Peixoto Kim, Pomy; de Moraes, Erica Paes Barreto Xavier; do Nascimento, Elmiro Rosendo; do Mota, Rinaldo Apareci

2013-01-01

280

Virus de transmisión sexual: relación semen y virus / Virus of Sexual transmission: Semen and virus relationship  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Actualmente, existe debate sobre la posibilidad de «infección»/interacción de los espermatozoides con diferentes virus, inclusive para algunos virus se intentan dilucidar mecanismos y receptores que podrían estar involucrados en esta interacción. Adicionalmente, se ha reportado la pres [...] encia de algunos genomas virales en el DNA espermático, planteando la posibilidad de transmitir la infección a la pareja y a la descendencia. Objetivo: En la presente revisión se pretende describir los mecanismos de infección de algunos virus a las fracciones seminales, pretendiendo mediante una revisión bibliográfica, responder a la pregunta ¿cómo los virus de transmisión sexual infectan al semen? Materiales y métodos: Se realizo una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre la interacción de virus y espermatozoides. Resultados: Algunos virus pueden interactuar con los espermatozoides y estos podrían transferir el virus a la descendencia; sin embargo, en la mayoría de los casos, los receptores que permiten esta interacción no están claramente descritos. Conclusiones: A pesar de la información actual, nuevos estudios experimentales son necesarios para determinar el papel de los espermatozoides en la diseminación de la infecciones de transmisión sexual. Abstract in english Introduction: The possible "infection"/interaction processes between sperm and different microorganisms are being under discussion nowadays. This process might include some viruses and even recent investigations are aiming to elucidate the mechanisms and the receptors that may be involved in this in [...] teraction. Furthermore, it has been reported the presence of some viral genomes within the sperm DNA, raising the possibility of transmitting the infection to the partner and offspring. Objective: The aim of this review is to describe the mechanisms by how viruses could possibly infect some seminal fractions. This is pursued by performing a literature review for answering the question: how the sexually transmitted virus could be infecting sperm? Materials and methods: We carried out a bibliographic review about sperm and virus interaction. Results: Some viruses interact with sperm cells; and sperm cells could transfer the viruses to offspring, however, in most cases, the receptors that allow this interaction are not clearly described. Conclusions: Based on the current information, new in vitro studies are needed to determine the role of sperm in spreading viruses of sexually transmitted infections.

J.W., Zea-Mazo; Y.A., Negrette-Mejía; W., Cardona-Maya.

2010-12-01

 
 
 
 
281

Application of a quantitative 1H-NMR method for the determination of amygdalin in Persicae semen, Armeniacae semen, and Mume fructus.  

Science.gov (United States)

A quantitative (1)H-NMR method (qHNMR) was used to measure the amygdalin content of Persicae semen, Armeniacae semen, and Mume fructus, in each of which amygdalin constitutes a major component. The purity of amygdalin was calculated from the ratio of the intensity of the amygdalin H-2 signal at ? 6.50 ppm in pyridine-d 5 to that of the hexamethyldisilane (HMD) signal at 0 ppm. The HMD concentration was corrected by the International System of Units (SI) traceability with certified reference material (CRM)-grade bisphenol A. qHNMR revealed the amygdalin contents to be 2.72 and 3.13% in 2 lots of Persicae semen, 3.62 and 5.19% in 2 lots of Armeniacae semen, and 0.23% in Mume fructus. Thus, we demonstrated the utility of this method for the quantitative analysis of crude drugs. PMID:23744252

Tanaka, Rie; Nitta, Akane; Nagatsu, Akito

2014-01-01

282

Vitamin E and organic selenium enhances the antioxidative status and quality of chicken semen under high ambient temperature.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. The effects of supplemental dietary vitamin E and organic selenium (Se), and their combination, on improving semen quality characteristics and antioxidative status were investigated in cockerels exposed to high ambient temperature. 2. A total of 36 Egyptian local cross males, 40 weeks old, were housed individually in cages in an open-sided building (average daily temperature ranged from 33 to 36°C and relative humidity from 60 to 70%). Birds were divided randomly into 4 experimental treatments (n=9 each): (1) control (basal diet without any supplementation with vitamin E or Se); (2) vitamin E (basal diet +200 mg ?-tocopherol acetate/kg diet); (3) Se (basal diet +0.3 mg organic Se/kg diet); and (4) vitamin E+Se (basal diet +200 mg ?-tocopherol acetate/kg diet +0.3 mg organic Se/kg diet). 3. Under heat stress conditions, inclusion of vitamin E and/or organic Se in the diets enhanced the semen quality traits, including the spermatozoa count and motility, and reduced the percentage of dead spermatozoa. 4. A combination of 200 mg/kg vitamin E with 0.3 mg/kg organic Se reduced the thiobarbituric acid reactive substance concentration in seminal plasma samples to about 28% of the controls; and also enhanced the seminal plasma glutathione peroxidase activity by two-fold compared with controls. 5. It was concluded that dietary vitamin E in combination with organic Se has a synergistic effect in minimising lipid peroxidation and improving the antioxidative status in seminal plasma of the domestic fowl, which probably translated into enhanced spermatozoa count, motility and reduced percentage of dead spermatozoa under heat stress conditions. PMID:23281767

Ebeid, T A

2012-01-01

283

Factors associated with the determination of antibiotic activity in bovine semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rosaramicin, an agent shown to be effective in vitro against ureaplasma of bovine origin was tested as an additive to bovine semen extender. Although some reduction in semen quality occurred it was still deemed satisfactory for use. In a test involving 41 cows inseminated once at estrus with rosaramicin-treated semen (162 mcg/mL) the nonreturn rate was 24% compared to a calculated average for this semen of 63% (n = 3310). The effect of centrifugation, time and temperature was examined in vitro using a combination of 150 mcg of lincomycin, 300 mcg of spectinomycin and 450 mcg of tylosin against ten strains of bovine ureaplasma. This combination has ureaplasmacidal activity and is suggested as an additive to semen extenders for the control of ureaplasma. PMID:6230144

Truscott, R B

1983-10-01

284

Role of semen in modulating the female genital tract microenvironment--implications for HIV transmission.  

Science.gov (United States)

Semen deposition results in modulated immunity and an inflammatory response of the genital mucosa, which promotes conditions facilitating conception and pregnancy. These semen-induced alterations in the female reproductive tract can also have implications for the sexual transmission of viral infections such as HIV-1. Semen is not only a vector for HIV-1 but also a carrier for pro- and antiviral factors. Semen induces significant mucosal changes upregulating gene, and transcription factors leading to recruitment and activation of HIV target cells, stimulation of HIV replication and potentiation of Toll-like receptor responses. Although more research is needed to clearly elucidate the resulting collective effects of all these factors, semen modulation of the cervicovaginal microenvironment and immune system appears to lead, through multiple mechanisms, to mucosal changes facilitating viral entry and replication, likely resulting in enhanced susceptibility to acquire HIV-1 infection. PMID:24702729

Doncel, Gustavo F; Anderson, Sharon; Zalenskaya, Irina

2014-06-01

285

Schmallenberg virus detection in bovine semen after experimental infection of bulls.  

Science.gov (United States)

To study Schmallenberg virus (SBV) excretion in bovine semen after experimental infection, two bulls were inoculated subcutaneously with a SBV isolate (1 ml Vero cell culture 106 TCID50). After inoculation (at day 0), semen was collected daily from both animals for 21 days and samples were tested for SBV by qRT-PCR assay. At 24 days post-inoculation both animals were subjected to necropsy and the genital organs and lymph nodes draining these organs were also tested for SBV RNA (qRT-PCR). After SBV infection both animals in the study showed viraemia (qRT-PCR) with fever and diarrhoea. SBV RNA could be detected in semen from both animals. The highest SBV RNA concentrations in semen were found in the first week (days 4-7 post-inoculation) but concentrations were relatively low (Ct values 30-39). Viable SBV was only isolated from blood samples and not from semen or genital tissues. PMID:24103399

Van Der Poel, W H M; Parlevliet, J M; Verstraten, E R A M; Kooi, E A; Hakze-Van Der Honing, R; Stockhofe, N

2014-07-01

286

Role of seminal plasma in heat stress infertility of broiler breeder males.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present research was undertaken to determine the role of seminal plasma in heat stress (HS) infertility. Males were exposed to HS at 32 C or maintained at 21 C as controls. Centrifugation and reconstitution of semen samples created four final treatments: control sperm + control plasma (CsCp), control sperm + HS plasma (CsHp), HS sperm + HS plasma (HsHp), and HS sperm + control plasma (HsCp). Semen samples with HS males' seminal plasma had lower sperm quality index values than those containing plasma from control males. Seminal plasma from HS males diminished fertility of control sperm, and control seminal plasma did not improve fertility of HS sperm. Therefore, regardless of seminal plasma source, HS sperm had a lower fertilization rate than control sperm. Also, seminal plasma from semen samples with HS sperm (HsHp and HsCp) contained lower Ca, Na+ and Cl- concentrations than seminal plasma from semen samples with control sperm (CSCp and CsHp). When HS seminal plasma was mixed with control sperm, plasma ion concentrations increased, indicating an efflux of ions from the control sperm to the HS seminal plasma. On the other hand, when control seminal plasma was mixed with HS sperm, plasma ion concentrations decreased, indicating an influx of ions from the control seminal plasma to the HS sperm. Therefore, control sperm appear to have higher intracellular ion concentrations than the sperm from HS males. In conclusion, high temperatures might decrease male fertility by decreasing seminal plasma and intracellular ion concentrations. PMID:12512585

Karaca, A G; Parker, H M; Yeatman, J B; McDaniel, C D

2002-12-01

287

HIV Dynamics in Seminal Plasma during Primary HIV Infection  

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HIV dynamics in seminal plasma during primary HIV infection was evaluated through an observational study of individuals with primary HIV infection at the University of Washington Primary Infection Clinic. Seminal plasma HIV RNA was quantified using a real-time reverse transcription PCR assay. Blood plasma RNA was quantified by bDNA or PCR-based assays. Longitudinal analyses of HIV RNA levels over time used random effects regression analysis. From 1993 to 2005, 110 men collected 327 semen spec...

Stekler, Joanne; Sycks, Brian J.; Holte, Sarah; Maenza, Janine; Stevens, Claire E.; Dragavon, Joan; Collier, Ann C.; Coombs, Robert W.

2008-01-01

288

Semen variables and hormone profiles after kidney transplantation during adolescence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our aim was to investigate the semen variables and hormone profiles among transplant patients who received kidneys during adolescence. Seven postpubertal transplant patients who underwent successful renal transplantation during adolescence (13-19 years; 3 were preemptive) were enrolled in our clinical follow-up. Serum levels of prolactin, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone were checked together with the semen analysis. The ages of the patients ranged from 18 to 25 years (median, 22 years). The median age was 15 years (range, 12-18 years) at initial presentation. The median time between initial diagnosis and transplantation was 12 months (range, 2-60 months). The median follow-up after transplantation was 51 months (range, 23-134 months). Three of the seven patients had unilateral low testicular volume. The renal function tests were within normal limits, as well as serum levels of prolactin, FSH, LH, and testosterone. Sperm counts ranged from 0.2 to 55 million/mL (median, 1.7 million/mL). Only 1 patient (14.2%) had normal sperm parameters. Oligoteratozoospermia (low sperm count and defects in morphology) was observed in 1/7 (14.2%), asthenoteratozoospermia (low levels of motility and defects in morphology) in 1/7 (14.2%), and all parameters were abnormal in 4/7 (57.1%) cases. Our data suggest that in contrast to adult patients, semen variables are severely affected and spermatogenesis does not improve after renal transplantation when the patient was subjected to uremia before or during adolescence, the crucial period for spermatogenesis. PMID:16549169

Inci, K; Duzova, A; Aki, F T; Bilginer, Y; Erkan, I; Tasar, C; Bakkaloglu, A; Bakkaloglu, M

2006-03-01

289

Cryopreservation of boar semen in mini- and maxi-straws.  

Science.gov (United States)

Split ejaculates from four boars were frozen with a programmable freezing machine, in mini- (0.25 ml) and maxi- (5 ml) plastic straws with an extender at either acidic (6.3) or alkaline (7.4) pH. Glycerol (3%) was used as cryoprotectant. The freezing of the semen was monitored by way of thermocouples placed in the straws. Post-thaw motility and acrosome integrity were evaluated; the latter using phase contrast microscopy, eosin-nigrosin stain and electron microscopy. Post-thaw sperm motility was significantly higher when semen was frozen in mini-straws than in maxi-straws. For the mini-straws, the motility was better when semen was exposed to an acidic environment during freezing, but this beneficial effect of the low extracellular pH was not evident when maxi-straws were thawed. The motility of the spermatozoa diminished significantly during the thermoresistance test (0 h and 2 h time) at 37 degrees C in a similar way for both straws and extracellular pH's. The freezing procedure, no matter the extracellular pH, did not cause major acrosomal damages, but significantly more normal apical ridges were present in the mini-straws than in the maxi-straws. This in vitro evaluation indicated that the freezing method employed was better for mini- than for maxi-straws since the freezing of the 5 ml volumes was not homogeneous, due to the large section area between the surface and the core of the straw. PMID:2127970

Bwanga, C O; de Braganca, M M; Einarsson, S; Rodriguez-Martinez, H

1990-10-01

290

Evaluación de la flora bacteriana del semen de verracos en granjas porcinas de Venezuela / Evaluation of bacterial flora of boar semen in pig farms in Venezuela  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish RESUMEN Se realizaron estudios bacteriológicos de 226 muestras de semen de verracos sanos utilizados como reproductores procedentes de cinco granjas porcinas provenientes de dos estados de Venezuela. La evaluación bacteriológica del semen fresco y diluido indico la presencia de una amplia variedad d [...] e géneros bacterianos entre flora normal y potencialmente patógena. E. coli fue la bacteria más frecuentemente aislada seguida por Staphylococcus epidermidis, Proteus vulgaris, Streptococcus spp. ß hemolítico, Staphylococcus aureus y Psedomonas aeruginosa. Estos aislados fueron resistentes a los antimicrobianos utilizados en los diluentes comerciales de semen Abstract in english ABSTRACT A bacteriological study was performed on 226 semen samples from healthy boars collected from five pig farms in two Venezuelan states. The evaluation of fresh and diluted semen showed a wide variety of bacteria range from normal and potentially pathogenic flora. E. coli was the most common b [...] acteria isolated, followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis, Proteus vulgaris, Streptococcus spp. ? hemolytic, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The bacteria were found to be resistant to the antimicrobials normally used in commercial diluents semen

Yuraima, Pineda; Jorge, Santander.

2007-09-01

291

VIABILIDAD ESPERMÁTICA E INTEGRIDAD DEL ACROSOMA EN SEMEN CONGELADO DE TOROS NACIONALES / SPERM VIABILITY AND ACROSOME INTEGRITY IN NATIONAL FROZEN BULL SEMEN  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se evaluó el deterioro de la membrana espermática e integridad del acrosoma como método para predecir la fertilidad en toros. Se trabajó con cuatro toros (2 Hosltein y 2 Brown Swiss) del Banco Nacional de Semen, Lima-Perú. Se evaluó integridad acrosomal, integridad de membrana espermática, motilidad [...] , espermatozoides vivos, volumen y concentración durante los procesos de refrigeración, congelación y descongelación de 10 eyaculados por animal. En semen fresco sin diluir se encontró un volumen de 4.33 ml, concentración espermática de 922.5 x 106/ml, y 78.5% de espermatozoides vivos. La motilidad individual progresiva en semen diluido fue de 82.7 a 86.0% con diferencia significativa entre toros (p Abstract in english The deterioration of the sperm membrane and acrosome integrity as a method for predicting fertility in bulls was evaluated. Four bulls (2 Holstein and 2 Brown Swiss) from the National Bank of Semen, Lima-Peru were used. Acrosome integrity, sperm membrane integrity, motility, live sperm cells, volume [...] , and sperm concentration during cooling, freezing and thawing was evaluated in 10 ejaculates per sire. In fresh semen, volume was 4.33 ml; sperm concentration was 922.5 x 106/ml and 78.5% of live cells. The individual progressive motility in diluted semen was 82.7 to 86.0% with significant difference between bulls (p

Próspero, Cabrera V; César, Pantoja A.

292

Flora bacteriana del semen de toro antes y después de la congelación (Bacterial flora of bull semen before and after freezing process  

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Full Text Available Se investigó por bacteriología general el semen fresco y después de la congelación de 50 toros de inseminación artificial y se efectuó el conteo total de unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC. A l5 de los toros se les realizó el examen bacteriológico de sus lavados prepuciales. En todas las muestras de semen fresco se obtuvo crecimiento bacteriano y los gérmenes más frecuentemente aislados fueron: Escherichia coli (50,0%, Staphylococcus aureus (36,0% y Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa (28,0%. En el semen congelado solamente se obtuvo crecimiento en el 20,0%. El 74,0% del semen fresco alcanzó conteos ? 1 x 104 UFC/mL antes de ser procesado; después de la congelación el 80,0% fue estéril. En el total de lavados prepuciales se obtuvo crecimiento y se detectó en mayor proporción el Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa (60,0%, microorganismo también aislado en el semen fresco de estos toros. Se concluyó que la adición de antibióticos al menstruo y posterior congelación en pastillas, disminuye notablemente la carga microbiana presente en el semen.

Enrique A. Silveira Prado;

2005-07-01

293

CORRELATION BETWEEN HYPO-OSMOTIC SWELLING TEST AND VARIOUS CONVENTIONAL SEMEN EVALUATION PARAMETERS IN FRESH NILI-RAVI BUFFALO AND SAHIWAL COW BULL SEMEN  

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Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the correlation of hypo-osmotic swelling test with conventional semen evaluation parameters of fresh semen collected from two Nili-Ravi buffalo and two Sahiwal cow bulls. A total of 10 pooled samples (each comprising two consecutive ejaculates from each bull were collected. Each semen sample was divided into two parts. One part was used for the evaluation of semen by conventional method, while the other part was subjected to hypo-osmotic swelling test by using 150 mOsm/L sodium citrate fructose solution. The mean sperm positive to HOS test was 85.25% both in Nili-Ravi buffalo and Sahiwal cow bull semen. Statistical analysis of the data revealed a significant (P<0.05 positive correlation between progressive motility, morphologically normal spermatozoa, sperm viability and percentage of HOS test positive spermatozoa for both species. It was inferred that HOS test could be a valuable method for routine evaluation of semen for artificial insemination.

L. A. LODHI, M. ZUBAIR, Z. I. QURESHI, I. AHMAD AND H. JAMIL

2008-12-01

294

Purification of PSA from human semen  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: 1. Human seminal plasma collected from many volunteers are pooled and passed through a column of phenyl sepharose equilibrated with 1.25 M ammonium sulphate. Elution is carried out with 1.25 M ammonium sulphate initially, to remove the bulk non-adsorbing proteins. Gradient elution of the absorbed proteins with 0.01 M Tris-HCl, 0.25 M NaCl, pH 7.0 buffer gives a sharp peak containing PSA. At each stage, PSA has to be identified by an independent method such as immunodiffusion or an immunoassay. 2. The absorbed protein peak containing PSA is then lyophilised, redissolved in Tris-HCl buffer and chromatographed in a Superdex-75 or Sephadex-75 column. The absorbed proteins elute out as multiple peaks and PSA is eluted as a sharp peak.At each stage, PSA has to be identified by an independent method such as immunodiffusion or an immunoassay. 3. Step 2 is repeated for better purity. 4. The PSA peak is lyophilised, dissolved in Tris-HCl buffer without NaCl and further purified on an ion exchange column (either anion or cation exchange columns such as DEAE Sephadex or CM-Sephadex or Mono Q). Gradient elution using Tris-HCl buffer without NaCl and Tris-HCl buffer with 0.25 M NaCl resulted in a sharp pure PSA peak (homogenous, sharp single band on SDS-PAGE). This procedure is based on that reported by Wang et al., Oncology, 39,1,1982

295

Semen Characteristics of the Brown Ecotype of Sahel Goats in the Semi-arid Zone of Nigeria  

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Full Text Available A study was undertaken to determine the semen characteristics of the brown ecotype of sahel bucks. Five bucks were subjected to semen collection from two to twelve months of age. It was observed that the values of the semen characteristics increased over-age (months and that at three months of age, there were significant levels of semen characteristic values. In conclusion, the spermiogram of the brown ecotype of sahel bucks was studied with a view to document the semen profile of indigenous and possibly evolving ecotypes of sahal bucks for future studies of improved breeding and selection.

V.A. Maina

2006-01-01

296

Supplementation of different concentrations of Orvus Es Paste (OEP) to ostrich egg yolk lipoprotein extender improves post-thaw boar semen quality.  

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This study aimed to compare post-thaw quality of boar semen following freezing in an ostrich egg yolk lipoprotein (LPFo) extender supplemented with 0%, 0.25% and 0.50% Orvus Es Paste (OEP). Sperm assessments included total motility (TMOT), mitochondrial function (MF), plasma membrane integrity (PMI) and acrosome integrity (normal apical ridge, NAR). Considerable variations among boars and OEP treatments had a significant effect (P ostrich egg yolk lipoproteins, could have varying effects on post-thaw sperm survival. PMID:24988847

Fraser, L; Jasiewicz, E; Kordan, W

2014-01-01

297

Differential protein profile in sexed bovine semen: shotgun proteomics investigation.  

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The preparation of sexed semen is based on the differential DNA content between the X and Y chromosome bearing sperm cells determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. In spite of its intrinsic limitations this represents the only effective method. However, the employment of sexed sperm for breeding food producing animals on a large scale requires additional knowledge in the protein repertoire for the development of improved methods to differentiate X and Y sperm cells maintaining high vitality. In order to address this issue, we performed a comparative shotgun proteomic investigation by nUPLC-MS/MS to characterize sexed bovine semen. The protein profiles of these two types of sperm cells have shown differential expression of proteins that may be directly associated with the main components of cytoskeletal structures of flagellum, as the axoneme, outer dense fibers and fibrous sheath, as well as glycolytic enzymes and calmodulin, involved in the energetic metabolism regulation. Overall these results may provide a base to a better comprehension of the biological features of sperm cells and may be useful to the development of alternative methods of separation. PMID:24226273

De Canio, Michele; Soggiu, Alessio; Piras, Cristian; Bonizzi, Luigi; Galli, Andrea; Urbani, Andrea; Roncada, Paola

2014-06-01

298

Caseinate protects stallion sperm during semen cooling and freezing.  

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Extenders with a defined composition containing only components with clearly protective effects on sperm during storage would be an advantage. The aims of the present work were to assess whether caseinate, improves cooled and frozen equine semen quality. Semen from six stallions were suspended with four different cooling extenders C1) Kenney extender; C2) 0.6 % caseinate; C3) 2.7 % caseinate ; and C4) C1 + 2.1 % caseinate, and frozen extenders: F1) INRA 82 extender; F2) 1.35 % caseinate; and F3) 2.7 % caseinate. Although there was no significant difference between the motility rate among the cooled (C1:45.0, C2:36.7, C3:38.3 and C4:48.3) and frozen extenders (F1:16.9, F2:21.1 and F3:18.6), significant higher values of sperm velocity variables were observed with the 1.35 % caseinate extender compared to the control (VSL: 40.8 x 18.9 and VAP: 46.8 x 25.0 µm/s), respectively. Caseinate seemed to be responsible for sperm protection during preservation and showed to be as efficient as milk. PMID:22825788

Lagares, M A; Martins, H S; Carvalho, I A; Oliveira, C A; Souza, M R; Penna, C F A M; Cruz, B C; Stahlberg, R; Henry, M R J M

2012-01-01

299

Determination of Sperm Sex Ratio in Bovine Semen Using Multiplex Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction.  

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Gender selection is important in livestock industries; for example, female calves are required in the dairy industry. Sex-sorted semen is commonly used for the production of calves of the desired gender. However, assessment of the sex ratio of the sorted semen is tedious and expensive. In this study, a rapid, cost effective and reliable method for determining the sex ratio was developed using a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. In this assay, the X and Y chromosome-specific markers, i.e., bovine proteolipid protein (PLP) gene and sex-determining region Y (SRY) were simultaneously quantified in a single tube. The multiplex real-time PCR assay was shown to have high amplification efficiencies (97% to 99%) comparable to the separated-tube simplex real-time PCR assay. The results obtained from both assays were not significantly different (p>0.05). The multiplex assay was validated using reference DNA of known X ratio (10%, 50%, and 90%) as templates. The measured %X in semen samples were the same within 95% confidence intervals as the expected values, i.e., >90% in X-sorted semen, <10% in Y-sorted semen and close to 50% in the unsorted semen. The multiplex real-time PCR assay as shown in this study can thus be used to assess purity of sex-sorted semen. PMID:25178292

Khamlor, Trisadee; Pongpiachan, Petai; Sangsritavong, Siwat; Chokesajjawatee, Nipa

2014-10-01

300

The use of biomarkers of semen exposure in sexual and reproductive health studies.  

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Abstract Biomarkers of semen exposure have been used in studies investigating the safety and efficacy of barrier methods of contraception. They have been used as objective indicators of semen exposure when studying sexual behaviors and in human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infection research interventions where participants are advised to avoid unprotected sex. Semen biomarkers have also been used to assess or validate self-reported sexual behaviors or condom use in reproductive health settings. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and Y chromosome DNA (Yc-DNA) have each been evaluated in the past as semen biomarkers and are the most widely used in the field. While both are considered reliable for evaluating exposure to semen, each has unique characteristics. In this report, we summarize the literature and provide some considerations for reproductive health researchers who are interested in using PSA or Yc-DNA as semen biomarkers. We also synthesize our previous published work on the optimal conditions of collecting and storing specimens and assay performance in the presence of other vaginal products that may influence various assays. Semen biomarkers are innovative and promising tools to further study and better understand women's reproductive and sexual health and behavior. More research is needed to better understand the strengths, limitations, and optimal performance conditions of specific assays in vivo. PMID:25268551

Snead, Margaret Christine; Black, Carolyn M; Kourtis, Athena P

2014-10-01

 
 
 
 
301

Determination of Sperm Sex Ratio in Bovine Semen Using Multiplex Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction  

Science.gov (United States)

Gender selection is important in livestock industries; for example, female calves are required in the dairy industry. Sex-sorted semen is commonly used for the production of calves of the desired gender. However, assessment of the sex ratio of the sorted semen is tedious and expensive. In this study, a rapid, cost effective and reliable method for determining the sex ratio was developed using a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. In this assay, the X and Y chromosome-specific markers, i.e., bovine proteolipid protein (PLP) gene and sex-determining region Y (SRY) were simultaneously quantified in a single tube. The multiplex real-time PCR assay was shown to have high amplification efficiencies (97% to 99%) comparable to the separated-tube simplex real-time PCR assay. The results obtained from both assays were not significantly different (p>0.05). The multiplex assay was validated using reference DNA of known X ratio (10%, 50%, and 90%) as templates. The measured %X in semen samples were the same within 95% confidence intervals as the expected values, i.e., >90% in X-sorted semen, <10% in Y-sorted semen and close to 50% in the unsorted semen. The multiplex real-time PCR assay as shown in this study can thus be used to assess purity of sex-sorted semen. PMID:25178292

Khamlor, Trisadee; Pongpiachan, Petai; Sangsritavong, Siwat; Chokesajjawatee, Nipa

2014-01-01

302

Effect of sugars on characteristics of Boer goat semen after cryopreservation.  

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In order to improve Boer goat semen quality during cryopreservation process, the influence of sugar supplementation on semen characteristics of sperm were investigated. Three experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of (a) addition of two monosaccharides (fructose and glucose) and two disaccharides sugars (trehalose and sucrose) (b) sugar combination (fructose and trehalose, sucrose and trehalose, glucose and trehalose), and control (glucose without trehalose) (c) different concentrations of trehalose on cryopreservation using Tris based extender. The total motility, forward motility, viability, normal spermatozoa, acrosome integrity and membrane integrity were assessed subjectively. Differences were not detected among monosaccharides, but glucose increased (Pgoat semen compared to trehalose or sucrose supplementation. Semen quality did not differ (P>0.05) among disaccharide sugar supplementation. Combination of glucose and trehalose significantly improved the characteristics of Boer spermatozoa after cryopreservation (PBoer sperm motility and movement patterns. Combination of monosaccharide (glucose) and disaccharide (trehalose) improved semen quality following cryopreservation. Trehalose supplementation at the concentration of 198.24mM to the glucose extender conferred the greater improvement of semen quality for Boer semen cryopreservation. PMID:20637550

Naing, S W; Wahid, H; Mohd Azam, K; Rosnina, Y; Zuki, A B; Kazhal, S; Bukar, M M; Thein, M; Kyaw, T; San, M M

2010-10-01

303

Variation in lipid profiles within semen compartments--the bovine model of aging.  

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Semen lipid composition was examined in young and mature bulls. Given the specific roles of various semen compartments (i.e., seminal fluid, sperm head, and sperm tail) during fertilization, we hypothesized that altered fatty acid and cholesterol composition of a specific compartment might impair semen quality and sperm function. Semen samples were collected from five mature and five young Holstein Friesian bulls during the winter (December-January). Semen was evaluated by computerized sperm-quality analyzer for bulls and was centrifuged to separate the sperm from the seminal fluid. The sperm fraction was sonicated to separate its head and tail compartments. Cold extraction of lipids was performed, and fatty acids and cholesterol were identified and quantified by gas chromatography. Semen physiological features (concentration, motility, and progressive motility) did not differ between mature and young bulls. However, lipid composition within fractions varied between groups, with prominent impairments in the head compartment. In particular, the proportions of polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, and docosahexaenoic acid in the intact sperm; seminal fluid; and sperm head were lower in semen collected from mature bulls than in that from young bulls. The finding suggests an age-differential absorption and/or metabolism through spermatogenesis. Reduced proportions of major fatty acids in mature bulls might reduce membrane fluidity, which in turn might affect the ability to undergo cryopreservation and/or oocyte-sperm fusion through fertilization. PMID:23830232

Argov-Argaman, Nurit; Mahgrefthe, Karin; Zeron, Yoel; Roth, Zvi

2013-10-15

304

Season-induced variation in lipid composition is associated with semen quality in Holstein bulls.  

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Season-induced variation in fatty acid and cholesterol composition in bovine semen has been associated with semen quality. Given the specific roles of the various semen compartments (seminal fluids, sperm head, and sperm tail) in fertilization, we hypothesized that environmental-stress-induced alterations in the lipid composition of a specific compartment might impair semen quality and sperm function. Semen samples were collected from five mature Holstein-Friesian bulls during the summer (August to September) and winter (December to January). Semen was evaluated by computerized sperm-quality analyzer, calibrated for bulls' semen, and centrifuged to separate the spermatozoa from the seminal fluids. The spermatozoal fraction was sonicated to separate the sperm head and tail compartments. Cold lipid extraction was performed with chloroform:methanol (2:1, vol/vol). Lipids were identified and quantified by gas chromatography. Seasonal variation was found in both physiological and structural parameters. The proportion of spermatozoa defined as morphologically normal was higher in the winter, with higher motility, progressive motility, and velocity relative to summer samples. Lipid composition within fractions varied between seasons with prominent impairment in the tail compartment, characterized by high saturated fatty acid, low polyunsaturated fatty acid, and low cholesterol concentrations during the summer. Given the association between alterations in lipid composition and reduced sperm motility and velocity during the summer, it is suggested that lipid composition might serve to predict sperm quality. PMID:23630332

Argov-Argaman, N; Mahgrefthe, K; Zeron, Y; Roth, Z

2013-05-01

305

Effect of the Type of Straw on the Spermatic Quality in the Freezing of Boar Semen  

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Full Text Available With the freezing boar semen, could have better options for the optimization of the reproductive handling in the swinish species as well as an alternative for the development of this cattle activity; using technologies like the implementation of banks of frozen of races with characteristic zootechnic of economic importance that guarantee the readiness of germinal material in the moment that is required, to have germinal material of males proven genetically, still when the animal no longer exists, to overcome certain intentional restrictions of transport of alive animals, for the problem of transmission of illnesses and, to overcome the restrictive of time of viability of the diluted fresh semen. In this work was examined the effect of the freezing boar semen in straws plastic of 0.5 and 5 mL on the Motility and the Acrosome Integrity (NAR. For it, 9 were used ejaculated of different animals, the experiment was carried out comparing fresh semen with thawing semen coming from straws of 0.5 and 5 mL. The results of percentages of motility and NAR for fresh and thawing semen, were of 86.19, 47.14 and 47.14, for straws of 0.5 mL and 75.62, 48.19 and 46.81, for straws of 5 mL. When carrying out the analysis of the variance and the test of multiple comparisons it was found that the freezing of the semen in both straws types, the percentages of motility and NAR reduce, with regard to the fresh semen; however, the macrotubes or straws of 5 mL, represent a good option in the artificial insemination using boar semen frozen-thawing.

C.A. C?rdova-Jim?nez

2006-01-01

306

Improvement of the Shami goat semen quality by adding bovine serum albumin  

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Full Text Available The present study was aimed to improve the quality of Shami goat semen diluted with Tris diluent by adding bovine serum albumin. In the current study, six male goats were used. Semen was collected using artificial vagina of one ejaculate per week of every male included in this study. This study was performed during the breeding season from 1 \\ 10 \\ 2012 to 1 \\ 12 \\ 2012. In this study, two semen diluents were use first; Tris- fructose- egg yolk 2.5% and second Tris - fructose - 2.5% egg yolk with 1% of bovine serum albumin. Diluted semen samples were cooled gradually and stored at 5 ° C. Cooled diluted semen samples were examined every 24 h of storage to 144 h. These tests includes the proportion of live sperm and the percentage of secondary abnormalities of the sperm, the percentage of sperm acrosomal defects and percentage of progressive motility using a computer-aided sperm analysis. These results showed that the addition of bovine serum albumin with egg yolk to semen of male goats led to improved qualities of semen significantly (P<0.05 including the proportion of live sperm and the percentage of secondary abnormalities of the sperm, the percentage of sperm acrosomal defects and percentage of progressive motility. It could be concluded from the results of the current study, the possibility of storing goat semen for more than six days with alive sperm of more than 50% and the percentage of the progressive motility of more than 40% when adding bovine albumin serum to dilute goat semen at 1% level and this result has not reached by any previous study.

O.I. Azawi

2014-06-01

307

The in vitro effect of leptin on semen quality of water b uffalo ( Bubalus bubalis bulls  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the probable effects of leptin addition indifferentlevels to the semen extender on sperm quality (motility and motility parameters,viability,sperm membrane integrity, and DNA damage. Semen specimens were evaluatedimmediately after leptin addition, equilibration time and after thawing the frozen semen.Fivehealthy buffalo bulls (5 ejaculates from each bull were used.Each ejaculate was diluted at 37 ?Cwith tris-based extender containing 0 (control, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 ng mL-1leptin. Thediluted semen was kept 4 hr in refrigerator to reach to the equilibration time and thenpacked in 0.5 mL French straws and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Our results showed that, in thefresh semen, no significant difference was observed in all sperm quality parametersevaluated among all of the examined leptin concentrations. Addition of 10 ng mL-1leptin intosemen extender significantly preserved sperm motility, all of the motility parameters, andviability in equilibrated semen compared to that of control group. However,in vitroadditionof 200 ng mL-1leptin, significantly decreased theses parameters. In the frozen thawed semen,all leptin concentrations decreased sperm motility and viability, but significant decrease wasobserved in concentrations of 100 and 200 ng mL-1. Adding leptin to semen extender did nothave any significant influence on sperm DNA damage andsperm membrane integrity in allexamined groups. These findings suggest thatin vitroaddition of 10 ng mL-1leptin couldpreserve sperm motility and viability in cooled semen of buffaloes.

Amir Khaki

2013-03-01

308

Effects of scrotal insulation on viability characteristics of cryopreserved bovine semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effect of a 48-h scrotal insulation on spermatozoal viability (motility and acrosomal integrity), before and after semen cryopreservation, was studied in six young Holstein bulls whose semen was collected twice in succession at 3-d intervals. Motility and acrosomal integrity were measured before and after incubation of semen at 37 degrees C for 3 h. For assessment of results, collection days were grouped: period 1 (control) = d -6, -3, and 0, where d 0 = initiation of scrotal insulation after semen collection; period 2 = d 3, 6, and 9 (sperm presumed in the epididymis or rete testis during scrotal insulation); period 3 = d 12, 15, ... 39 (sperm presumed in spermatogenesis during scrotal insulation). Semen was cryopreserved each collection day until morphologically abnormal cells exceeded 50% of the ejaculate (d 12 to 21). Semen viability before and after freezing was lower in period 3 than in period 1 (P less than .05). These differences coincided with the appearance in period 3 of abnormal sperm morphology and depressed undiluted semen motility, which began on d 12 (P less than .01). Semen collected during period 2 that was extended but unfrozen did not differ from that collected during period 1 in morphology or viability. However, for frozen semen, period 2 was significantly poorer than period 1 for both viability measurements, but only after incubation for 3 h at 37 degrees C postthaw (P less than .05). We conclude that epididymal sperm are adversely affected by elevated testicular temperatures, as noted by their decreased ability to maintain motility and acrosomal integrity following cryopreservation. PMID:1757624

Vogler, C J; Saacke, R G; Bame, J H; Dejarnette, J M; McGilliard, M L

1991-11-01

309

Prognostic value of spermatological parameters as predictors of in vitro fertility of frozen-thawed bull semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cryopreservation imposes irreversible damage to sperm membranes, such as swelling and disruption of plasma and acrosome membranes, changes in membrane fluidity, altered influx of calcium, and changes in enzyme activity. Morphological integrity of the sperm plasma membrane has been widely studied using different techniques, including exposure of spermatozoa to hypoosmotic solutions (provides information concerning the biochemical activity of the sperm tail membrane), supravital test using eosin stain (yields information regarding sperm head membrane integrity), and Trypan-blue Giemsa stain (TBG; reveals both sperm plasma membrane and acrosome integrity). The objective of this study was to combine these tests in order to provide information about the integrity of the whole sperm surface, as well as acrosome status, and determine if the results of these tests were associated with sperm in vitro fertilizing ability. Stepwise regression analyses yielded a model in which fertility (maintain variable) was expressed as a combination of the results of different spermatological parameters (independent variables). The results of a test combining supravital eosin staining of samples previously submitted to hypoosmotic swelling test (STHOS) accounted for the greatest proportion of variation in fertilization rates (78%). Inclusion of the results of dual staining with TBG increased the proportion of variation in fertility rate that could be accounted for to 82%. Therefore, sperm plasma membrane integrity and function, and acrosome integrity can be considered important variables for normal sperm function and STHOST and TBG could be used for the prognosis of the potential fertility of bovine semen samples used for IVF or AI. PMID:15325551

Tartaglione, C M; Ritta, M N

2004-10-01

310

Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium infections and semen quality of infertile men  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Genital ureaplasmas (Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum and mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis are potentially pathogenic species playing an etiologic role in both genital infections and male infertility. Reports are, however, controversial regarding the effects of these microorganisms infections in the sperm seminological variables. This study aimed at determining the frequency of genital ureplasmas and mycoplasmas in semen specimens collected from infertile men, and at comparing the seminological variables of semen from infected and non-infected men with these microorganisms. Methods A total of 120 semen samples collected from infertile men were investigated. Semen specimens were examined by in-house PCR-microtiter plate hybridization assay for the presence of genital ureaplasmas and mycoplasmas DNA. Semen analysis was assessed according to the guidelines of the World Health Organization. Standard parametric techniques (t-tests and nonparametric techniques (Wilcoxon tests were used for statistical analysis. Results The frequency of genital ureaplasmas and mycoplasmas detected in semen samples of infertile men was respectively 19.2% (23/120 and 15.8% (19/120. The frequency of Ureaplasma urealyticum (15% was higher than that of Mycoplasma hominis (10.8%, Ureaplasma parvum (4.2% and Mycoplasma genitalium (5%. Mixed species of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas were detected in 6.7% of semen samples. Comparison of the parameters of the standard semen analysis between the male partners of the infertile couples with and without genital ureaplasmas and mycoplasmas infection showed that the presence of Mycoplasma hominis DNA in semen samples is associated with low sperm concentration (p = 0.007 and abnormal sperm morphology (p = 0.03 and a negative correlation between sperm concentration and the detection of Mycoplasma genitalium in semen samples of infertile men (p = 0.05. The mean values of seminal volume, pH, vitality, motility and leukocyte count were not significantly related either to the detection of genital mycoplasmas DNA or to the detection of ureaplasmas DNA in semen specimens. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that genital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas seem to be widespread among the male partners of infertile couples in Tunisia. Genital mycoplasmas infections of the male genital tract could negatively influence semen quality. Our results also indicate that PCR-microtiter plate hybridization assay method provides a rapid and effective technique to detect human genital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas which is useful for etiological and epidemiological studies of these pathogens.

Rebai Tarek

2007-11-01

311

Correlation of semen analysis and hypoosmotic swelling test with subsequent pregnancies.  

Science.gov (United States)

The hypoosmotic swelling (HOS) test was evaluated in 40 men whose wives had no apparent fertility factors. Only one of 29 men with normal semen parameters had a surbnormal HOS test, and that couple failed to conceive compared to 27 of 28 with normal HOS test who did conceive. All five couples with husbands with subnormal semen parameters but with normal HOS tests achieved a pregnancy, but none of the three with abnormal HOS tests achieved a pregnancy. The results suggest that the HOS test might be of value in predicting which couples should be more patient despite low semen parameters. PMID:3190357

Check, J H; Nowroozi, K; Wu, C H; Bollendorf, A

1988-01-01

312

Spermiogenesis defects in human: detection of transition proteins in semen from some infertile men.  

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Semen samples from 60 infertile men were examined by flow cytometry following propidium iodide staining. Of these, 23 samples contained young haploid cells. Transition proteins (TP1 and/or TP2) were detected in 12 of these, using immunohistochemical staining. The presence of TPs in spermatids in semen indicates inhibition in the differentiation pathway from round spermatids to spermatozoa. Cells of this type were found in semen from patients with nonobstructive azoospermia, severe to extreme cases of oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia and teratozoospermia. PMID:18727729

Becker, S; Soffer, Y; Lewin, L M; Yogev, L; Shochat, L; Golan, R

2008-08-01

313

Replacing egg yolk with soybean lecithin in the cryopreservation of stallion semen.  

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The objective of this study was to determine whether replacing the egg yolk with soybean lecithin in the Botu-Crio® cryodiluent would maintain the fertility of cryopreserved stallion sperm. Two experiments were performed to evaluate cell freezability. In experiment 1, sperm from 15 stallions were frozen in Botu-Crio® (BC) or Botu-Crio® which contained 45g/L soybean lecithin (BCLS45) in place of the egg yolk. In experiment 2, we compared different concentrations of soybean lecithin: 0, 10.0, 12.5, 15.0, 17.5 and 20.0g/L (BC, BCLS10, BCLS12.5, BCLS17.5 and BCLS20, respectively). In experiment 1, sperm frozen in BC and BCLS45 exhibited similar (P>0.05) percentages of total motile sperm (61% and 61%, respectively); progressively motile sperm (27% and 27%, respectively) and sperm with intact plasma membranes (IMP; 53% and 57%, respectively). Similarly, sperm frozen in BC or BC containing any concentration of soybean lecithin maintained similar (P>0.05) percentages of total motile sperm (61-68%) and progressively motile sperm (27-31%). In the first fertility trial, we used cryopreserved semen from a single stallion was inseminated into mares. The semen from the sperm that were frozen in BC diluent resulted in a higher fertility rate (66%, 16/24) compared to the sperm that were frozen in BCLS45 diluent (17%, 5/29; Pfertility trial, the mares that were inseminated with the sperm that were frozen in BC diluent exhibited a higher fertility rate (66%, 16/24) compared to the mares that were inseminated with the sperm that were frozen in BCLS20 (40%, 10/25; Pfertility rate in mares (75%, 18/24) compared to the sperm that were frozen in BCLS10 (41%, 10/24; Plecithin provided similar laboratory results for stallion sperm, after cryopreservation, the sperm that was frozen with soybean lecithin in the diluent correlated with lower fertility rates. Based on these results, we concluded that the use of BCLS can be used as an alternative diluent for cryopreserving stallion sperm. However, the resulting reduced fertility rate is a matter of concern. Further studies are necessary to clarify the reasons for this decrease in fertility and to determine the optimal lecithin concentration for diluents to freeze stallion sperm. PMID:22112939

Papa, Frederico Ozanam; Felício, Gabriel Barcelos; Melo-Oña, Cely Marini; Alvarenga, Marco Antonio; De Vita, Bruna; Trinque, Cássio; Puoli-Filho, José Nicolau P; Dell'Aqua, José Antonio

2011-11-01

314

Evaluation of Physical Semen Characteristics of Male Rabbits Exposed to Different Climatic Conditions and Lighting Regimes Using Nuclear Techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The number of 20 mature males New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits, in the first production year was used in the present research. The study included two periods; each was of 2 months. The first period was under mild conditions (18.0 degree C) while the second one was during hot conditions (35.0 degree C). In each period, 10 males with the same age and average live body weight were used. Animals within each period were divided randomly into two equal groups, with nearly equal body weights. One of the two groups exposed to natural day light (NDL) which was 10:50 L: 13:10 D in winter and 13:40 L: 10:20 D in summer and was considered as photo period control and the other group was exposed to photo period treatment (Artificial photo period, AP). The treatment group was exposed to artificial long photo period (13:40 L: 10:20 D) during winter and artificial short photo period (10:50 L: 13:10 D) during hot conditions. In seminal plasma, T4, T3 and testosterone hormonal levels were significantly lower in heat stressed rabbits than those reared under mild conditions. In contrast, the hot condition was accompanied by significant increases in cortisol level. T3 and cortisol affected significantly while T4 and testosterone levels were not affected significantly due to change in period of lighting. Concerning physical semen characteristics i.e. ejaculate volume, sperm motility, sperm cell concentration, total sperm output and number of motile sperms per ejaculate were significantly lower under heat stress than under mild conditions. In contrast, hot conditions were accompanied by a significant increase in each of reaction time, dead sperm %, sperm abnormalities % and acrosomal abnormalities %. Exposure of male rabbits during winter to long lighting as compared to NDL caused significant increase in T3 (1.4 vs. 1.3 ng/ml), testosterone (3.2 vs. 2.8 ng/ml) and cortisol (1.8 vs. 1.5 ng/ml) levels as well as significant decline in semen quality, i.e., ejaculate volume (70 vs. 60 x 10-2 ml), sperm motility (76.8 vs. 70.8%), total number sperm-cell output per ejaculate (287.00 vs. 240.00 x106 ) and number of motility sperm output per ejaculate (220.42 vs. 169.92 x106 ). Exposure of male rabbits during summer to short lighting as compared to NDL caused significant increase in T3 (1.10 vs.0.90 ng/ml) and cortisol (2.8 vs. 2.3 ng/ml) in seminal plasma as well as significant decrease in sperm motility (64.8 vs. 60.8%) and significant increase in reaction time (11.6 vs. 12.8 seconds), ejaculate volume (50 vs. 58 x 10-2 ml) and total number sperm-cell output per ejaculate (190.00 vs. 208.80 x 106 ). Finally, correlations between physical semen characteristics and seminal plasma hormonal levels were carried out to evaluate the rabbit bucks semen using nuclear technique

315

Karakterisasi Ball Mill Import pada Industri Semen di Indonesia  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristics of import Ball Mill which is used at cement mills in Indonesia. There were two kind of import Ball Mill from PT. Semen Gresik, Tbk that used in this research which are A type (Ø 30 mm and B type (Ø 40 mm. Visual investigation, chemistry composition, distribution of hardness, and microstructure photograph was conducted characterize these ball mill. Visually, the import Ball Mill has rough surface, white coloring when cut off, and small cracks at all specimens. Type A ball mill contains of 2,934% C, 11,231% Cr, and 0,177% Mo, where type B Ball Mill contains of 2,693% C, 12,31% Cr, and 1,103% Mo. Both are martensitic white cast iron ASTM A532 Class II type A. The surface are harder then the its core. The highest hardness on the surface are 720,82 kg/mm2 (type A and 746,5 kg/mm2 (type B, where as lowest hardness on the core are 631,1 kg/mm2 (type A and 544,0 kg/mm2 (type B. Microstructure investigation shows Perlit, Cementit, and Martensit. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik Ball Mill import yang digunakan oleh pabrik semen di Indonesia. Bahan yang digunakan adalah ball mill import di PT. Semen Gresik, Tbk dari 2 merk berbeda, yaitu merk A (f 30 mm dan merk B (f 40 mm. Karakterisasi Ball Mill import dilakukan dengan pengamatan visual, uji komposisi kimia, uji distribusi kekerasan dan foto struktur mikro. Secara visual terlihat bahwa Ball Mill import memiliki permukaan kasar, hasil potongan berwarna keputihan dan terdapat retakan-retakan kecil pada semua specimen. Hasil uji komposisi kimia menunjukkan bahwa Ball Mill import f 30 mm mengandung 2,934% C, 11,231% Cr, dan 0,117% Mo sedangkan f 40 mm mengandung 2,693% C, 12,313% Cr dan 1,103 Mo, termasuk dalam kelompok Martensitic white cast iron ASTM A532 Class II Type A. Hasil uji distribusi kekerasan menunjukkan bagian permukaan lebih keras dibandingkan bagian pusat dengan nilai kekerasan tertinggi 720,82 kg/mm2 (f 30 mm dan 746,5 kg/mm2 (f 40 mm sedangkan nilai kekerasan terendah 631,1 kg/mm2 (f 30 mm dan 544,0 kg/mm2 (f 40 mm. Hasil pengamatan foto struktur mikro menunjukkan bahwa struktur terdiri dari Perlit, Cementit dan Martensit. Kata kunci: ASTM A532, bola penggiling, besi tuang putih martensitik.

Ratna Kartikasari

2007-01-01

316

Isolation, characterisation and cDNA sequencing of a new form of parvalbumin from carp semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parvalbumins (Pv) are calcium-binding proteins present mainly in the muscle and nervous system where they act as a Ca(2+) buffer. Our previous work demonstrated the presence of Pv-I in carp semen and indicated the presence of a second Pv (Pv-II). The purpose of the present work was to identify, purify and determine the full-length cDNA sequence of Pv-II from carp testis. Pv-II from seminal plasma was purified by ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) and preparative electrophoresis, while the Pv-II from spermatozoa was purified by IEC, gel filtration and preparative electrophoresis. The purified Pv-II was submitted to an analysis of molecular mass, isoelectric point (pI), amino-acid sequence and oligomerisation ability. The amino-acid sequence was used to construct primers and obtain the full-length cDNA sequence of seminal-specific Pv-II from carp testis. Analysis of the cDNA sequence indicated that carp-testis Pv-II was distinct from carp-muscle parvalbumins. Pv-II was distinct from Pv-I regarding sequence, molecular mass and pI. Both parvalbumins had the ability to form oligomers or to bind to other proteins. Carp seminal plasma had a protective effect against parvalbumin oligomerisation. Pv-II underwent post-translational modification such as n-acetylation and cysteinylation. The present study is the first to report the full-length cDNA sequence of parvalbumin from carp testis. PMID:24064209

Dietrich, Mariola A; Westfalewicz, B?a?ej; Jurecka, Patrycja; Irnazarow, Ilgiz; Ciereszko, Andrzej

2014-10-01

317

Estandarización del manejo y la criopreservación de semen de hembras masculinizadas de trucha arco iris (Oncorhynchus mykiss Padronizar a gestão ea criopreservação de sêmen de fêmeas de truta arco-íris (Oncorhynchus mykiss sob masculinização Standardization of handling and freezing sperm from masculinized females of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss  

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Full Text Available La demanda de líneas monosexo hembras en la producción de trucha ha incrementado significativamente en los últimos años, por lo que se han desarrollado tecnologías para estandarizar este proceso como el uso de semen de hembras genéticas sometidas a reversión sexual. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue estandarizar la maduración in vitro y la criopreservación de semen de hembras masculinizadas (neomachos XX de trucha arco iris (Oncorhynchus mykiss como estrategia para producir descendencias 100% hembras de reproductores colombianos. Para la obtención del semen los neomachos fueron sacrificados y el semen recuperado fue sometido a proceso de maduración con plasma seminal de machos normales o plasma seminal artificial. Para la criopreservación del semen se probaron los crioprotectores dimetilsulfóxido 10% y metanol 10%. En el experimento se evaluron la movilidad post maduración y post descongelación y la fertilidad del semen. El proceso de maduración tuvo un efecto significativo sobre el porcentaje de movilidad (pA procura de linhas monosexo fêmeas na produção de trutas tem aumentado significativamente nos últimos anos, de modo tecnologias foram desenvolvidas com a finalidade de padronizar este processo como o uso do esperma de genética feminina submetido a reversão sexual. O objectivo do presente inquérito foi para uniformizar a maturação in vitro e criopreservação de sêmen masculinização de fêmeas (neomachos XX trutas arco-íris (Oncorhynchus mykiss como uma estratégia para produzir descendentes de 100% do sexo feminino dos jogadores colombianos. Para a obtenção do esperma neomachos foram mortas e sêmen foi recuperado submetida a maturação processo normal de plasma seminal plasma seminal masculina ou artificiais. Para a criopreservação de sêmen foi testado crioprotectores dimethylsulphoxide 10% e 10% de metanol. O experimento foi evaluron mobilidade pós maturação e pós descongelamento e fertilidade do sêmen. O processo de maturação teve um efeito significativo sobre a porcentagem de mobilidade (pThe demand of monosex female stocks in production of trout has significantly increased during the past years, which has led to develop new technologies to standardize this process. The usage of semen of genetic females submitted to sexual reversion is a good choice. The objective of this research was to develop a methodology to mature in vitro and cryopreserved semen of sex-reversed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss females as strategy to produce lineage 100% Colombian trout female. The semen was directly obtained from the gonads after its surgical extraction of the slaughtered individuals, later it was submitted to maturation process implementing seminal plasma of normal males and artificial plasma. The semen was cryopreserved in two extender dimetyhyl sulfoxide 10% and methanol 10%. Postmaturation, postcriopreservation movility and sperm fertility were evaluated. Maturation process had a significative effect on movility, the highest movility was obtained with artificial seminal plasma (55 ± 10.4 %. Highest post criopreservation movility (29.9 ± 13.3% and highest fertility rates (26.33 ± 7.53 % were obtained with dimetyhyl sulfoxide 10%.

James J Betancur L

2008-09-01

318

Estandarización del manejo y la criopreservación de semen de hembras masculinizadas de trucha arco iris (Oncorhynchus mykiss) / Standardization of handling and freezing sperm from masculinized females of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) / Padronizar a gestão ea criopreservação de sêmen de fêmeas de truta arco-íris (Oncorhynchus mykiss) sob masculinização  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese A procura de linhas monosexo fêmeas na produção de trutas tem aumentado significativamente nos últimos anos, de modo tecnologias foram desenvolvidas com a finalidade de padronizar este processo como o uso do esperma de genética feminina submetido a reversão sexual. O objectivo do presente inquérito [...] foi para uniformizar a maturação in vitro e criopreservação de sêmen masculinização de fêmeas (neomachos XX) trutas arco-íris (Oncorhynchus mykiss) como uma estratégia para produzir descendentes de 100% do sexo feminino dos jogadores colombianos. Para a obtenção do esperma neomachos foram mortas e sêmen foi recuperado submetida a maturação processo normal de plasma seminal plasma seminal masculina ou artificiais. Para a criopreservação de sêmen foi testado crioprotectores dimethylsulphoxide 10% e 10% de metanol. O experimento foi evaluron mobilidade pós maturação e pós descongelamento e fertilidade do sêmen. O processo de maturação teve um efeito significativo sobre a porcentagem de mobilidade (p Abstract in spanish La demanda de líneas monosexo hembras en la producción de trucha ha incrementado significativamente en los últimos años, por lo que se han desarrollado tecnologías para estandarizar este proceso como el uso de semen de hembras genéticas sometidas a reversión sexual. El objetivo de la presente invest [...] igación fue estandarizar la maduración in vitro y la criopreservación de semen de hembras masculinizadas (neomachos XX) de trucha arco iris (Oncorhynchus mykiss) como estrategia para producir descendencias 100% hembras de reproductores colombianos. Para la obtención del semen los neomachos fueron sacrificados y el semen recuperado fue sometido a proceso de maduración con plasma seminal de machos normales o plasma seminal artificial. Para la criopreservación del semen se probaron los crioprotectores dimetilsulfóxido 10% y metanol 10%. En el experimento se evaluron la movilidad post maduración y post descongelación y la fertilidad del semen. El proceso de maduración tuvo un efecto significativo sobre el porcentaje de movilidad (p Abstract in english The demand of monosex female stocks in production of trout has significantly increased during the past years, which has led to develop new technologies to standardize this process. The usage of semen of genetic females submitted to sexual reversion is a good choice. The objective of this research wa [...] s to develop a methodology to mature in vitro and cryopreserved semen of sex-reversed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) females as strategy to produce lineage 100% Colombian trout female. The semen was directly obtained from the gonads after its surgical extraction of the slaughtered individuals, later it was submitted to maturation process implementing seminal plasma of normal males and artificial plasma. The semen was cryopreserved in two extender dimetyhyl sulfoxide 10% and methanol 10%. Postmaturation, postcriopreservation movility and sperm fertility were evaluated. Maturation process had a significative effect on movility, the highest movility was obtained with artificial seminal plasma (55 ± 10.4 %). Highest post criopreservation movility (29.9 ± 13.3%) and highest fertility rates (26.33 ± 7.53 %) were obtained with dimetyhyl sulfoxide 10%.

James J, Betancur L; Andrés F, Montoya; Tatiana, Mira; Francy A, Rojas; Martha, Olivera Ángel.

2008-09-01

319

The Effect of Phyto-Lecithin on Preservation and Cryopreservation of Semen: A Review  

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Full Text Available Artificial insemination represents one of technologies in livestock reproduction that can be applied to cattle, sheep, goats and other livestock. Application of livestock reproduction technology includes artificial insemination to increase reproductive efficiency. Semen processing is one critical phase in an artificial insemination program. The use of animal origin ingredient for semen extenders, such as egg yolk and milk, presents a risk of microbial contamination, which lead to the search for alternatives. To increase standard of quality, researchers exploits phyto-lesitin for semen extender and the results showed no significant differences in motility, viability, and acrosomal status of spermatozoa with phyto-lesitin extender when compared to tris-egg yolk-containing extenders. (Animal Production 9(1: 49-52 (2007 Key Words : Phyto-Lechitin, preservation, cryopreservation, semen

AS Aku

2007-01-01

320

Exposure to perfluorinated compounds and human semen quality in arctic and European populations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been suspected to adversely affect human reproductive health. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between PFC exposure and male semen quality.

Toft, Gunnar; Jönsson, B A G

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Semen banking: consideration on viral contamination in the era of new emerging viral infection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To construct a semen bank, the collection of donated semen has to be done and an important concern is the safety of collected semen. The contamination is a big problem. Basically, the infectious pathogens can exist within donated semen, hence, a good donor screening is very important. Although viruses have an indirect role in sperm quality, but the evidence in banked semen is presently lack. This does not mean that there is no viral contamination but it might imply the inadequate concern on this issue. Contaminated semen usually means poor quality and hazardous to the recipient. The contamination of the virus in banked semen is a common problem in animal semen banking (1. The safety and transmission of each problematic virus is widely studied and well clarified in animal semen banking (2. However, this issue is not widely concerned in human semen banking. For sure, this case is an actual direct contamination and this cannot be detected if there is no specific screening in the banking process. The scenario of important new emerging viral infections will be specifically detailed in this report. West Nile virus is an emerging problematic viral infection that can cause a deadly clinical disorder. Basically, West Nile virus is classified as an arbovirus that is mainly transmitted by mosquito. However, the uncommon modes of transmissions such as transfusion related transmission are reported (3. The contamination of West Nile virus in semen is an important question in andrology. There is no evidence indicating for the presence of West Nile virus in the semen of the patients. However, American Society for Reproductive Medicine/Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology recommended that practitioners defer gamete donors who have confirmed or suspected West Nile virus infections (4. SARS is another deadly emerging viral infection. The new coronavirus infection is transmitted via respiratory route. The serious symptom due to this infection leads to death in almost all cases and brings a great concern to medical scientists around the world. The contamination of SARS in semen is an interesting topic. The possible transmission of SARS virus via germ line is an important question to be investigated in reproductive medicine (5. Luckily, till present, there is no evidence of SARS contamination in semen. Generally, influenza virus is a respiratory virus that causes respiratory tract infection. In the recent few years, an atypical influenza, avian flu, emerged. This infection brought a concern to the medical society. In early of this year, 2009, the newest emerging viral infection caused by a novel influenza virus, swine flu occurred and became pandemic. The topic on the new influenza virus becomes the present hot issue. Focusing on the contamination of classical influenza virus in semen, there are many evidences confirming the existence of virus in semen derived from the infected cases. It is also

Viroj Wiwanitkit

2011-01-01

322

The Effect of Shelter on Semen Quality of “Peranakan Ettawa” Goat  

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Full Text Available The experiment was conducted to study the effect of shelter on semen quality of Peranakan Ettawa (PE Goats Eight PE goats were allocated into cross over design. Four PE goats were placed under no shelter (09.00-14.30 and another one was placed under shelter. The results of this research showed that semen volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, and live sperm percentage of PE goat under shelter were higher (P<0.01 than those of PE goat under no shelter. On the other hand, sperm abnormality of PE goat under shelter was lower (P<0.01 than that of PE goat under no shelter. It was concluded that the use of shelter could improve semen quality. (Animal Production 9(2: 73-78 (2007 Key Words : Shelter, semen, goat

A Qisthon

2007-05-01

323

Exposure to perfluorinated compounds and human semen quality in Arctic and European populations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been suspected to adversely affect human reproductive health. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between PFC exposure and male semen quality.

Toft, G; Jönsson, B A G

2012-01-01

324

Effect of Ecotype on Semen Characteristics of Sahel Goats in Borno State  

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Full Text Available A research was conducted to study the influence of ecotype on semen characteristics in 5 white and 5 brown ecotypes of sahel goats. Semen was collected from eight to forty-eight weeks of age and analyzed for semen characteristics and abnormalities. Body weights and scrotal circumference were also measured from three months to 1 year of age on a monthly basis. Analysis to determine the difference between the two ecotypes was performed. The only significant difference between the two ecotypes was in body weights, scrotal circumference and protoplasmic droplet abnormality. It was concluded that there was no superiority in the mean semen characteristics between the white and brown ecotypes of sahel bucks. This may be due to the total absence of coordinated breeding programmes evidenced by random indiscriminate mating in the goat population in Borno pastoral setting. This suggests that the conservation and preservation of most cherished traits are un-achievable under the current husbandry practices.

V.A. Maina

2006-01-01

325

THE RESULTS OF BITCH ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION AFTER THE USE OF TESTED FROZEN SEMEN  

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Full Text Available Many problems in dog reproduction concern both dog male, its behaviour andsemen quality as well as the bitch which are connected with physiological factors asa time oestrus cycle, anatomical structure of reproductive organs, sexual behaviourand ovulation moment. The results of bitches’ artificial insemination (AI with theuse of frozen semen are lower in comparison to raw semen. In connection with thisthe research work was performed with an idea of explanation of the problemconnected to low effect of the use of dog frozen semen for AI. It was found that it ispossible to receive more satisfactory results (about 75% of pregnancy rate whendog semen is testified on the base of sperm concentration and motility and alkalinephosphatase activity (AP. On the other side it is necessary to perform bitchesexamination based on cytological and hormonal testes which allows establishing thepernicious time for AI.

K. KOSINIAK-KAMYSZ

2013-12-01

326

THE RESULTS OF BITCH ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION AFTER THE USE OF TESTED FROZEN SEMEN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many problems in dog reproduction concern both dog male, its behaviour andsemen quality as well as the bitch which are connected with physiological factors asa time oestrus cycle, anatomical structure of reproductive organs, sexual behaviourand ovulation moment. The results of bitches’ artificial insemination (AI with theuse of frozen semen are lower in comparison to raw semen. In connection with thisthe research work was performed with an idea of explanation of the problemconnected to low effect of the use of dog frozen semen for AI. It was found that it ispossible to receive more satisfactory results (about 75% of pregnancy rate whendog semen is testified on the base of sperm concentration and motility and alkalinephosphatase activity (AP. On the other side it is necessary to perform bitchesexamination based on cytological and hormonal testes which allows establishing thepernicious time for AI.

BITTMAR A.

2007-01-01

327

A novel method for semen collection and artificial insemination in large parrots (Psittaciformes).  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper described a novel technique for semen collection in large psittacines (patent pending), a procedure which was not routinely possible before. For the first time, a large set of semen samples is now available for analysis as well as for artificial insemination. Semen samples of more than 100 psittacine taxa were collected and analysed; data demonstrate large differences in the spermatological parameters between families, indicating an ecological relationship with breeding behaviour (polygamous versus monogamous birds). Using semen samples for artificial insemination resulted in the production of offspring in various families, such as Macaws and Cockatoos, for the first time ever. The present technique represents a breakthrough in species conservation programs and will enable future research into the ecology and environmental factors influencing endangered species. PMID:23797622

Lierz, Michael; Reinschmidt, Matthias; Müller, Heiner; Wink, Michael; Neumann, Daniel

2013-01-01

328

Effect of donkey seminal plasma on sperm movement and sperm-polymorphonuclear neutrophils attachment in vitro.  

Science.gov (United States)

To evaluate the effect of seminal plasma in endometrial inflammation in donkeys, samples from fresh pure, fresh diluted and frozen-thawed semen of three different jackasses were co-incubated in water bath at 37°C with uterine Jennie's secretions collected 6h after artificial insemination with frozen-thawed donkey semen. Individual sperm movement parameters using the computerised sperm analysis system (CASA) and sperm-polymorphonuclear neutrophils (sperm-PMN) attachment observed in Diff-Quick stained smears were evaluated at 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4h of co-incubation. Controls consisted of incubating diluted or frozen-thawed sperm in the absence of uterine secretions. For data analyses, a repeated measures ANOVA was performed with incubation time as intra-subject factor and with treatment and donkey as inter-subject factor, followed by a post-hoc Bonferroni's test. Greater values (P<0.05) of sperm-PMN percentages and a loss of progressive motility were observed in frozen-thawed semen compared with pure and diluted fresh semen samples throughout the incubation time. In addition, the presence of seminal plasma in fresh and diluted semen samples reduced the inflammatory response of polymorphonuclear neutrophils produced after insemination by suppressing the sperm-PMN attachment in vitro. Motility sperm parameters analysed by CASA were also less affected than those in frozen-thawed semen samples. In conclusion, seminal plasma in jennies appears to have a modulation on the endometrial response after artificial insemination with frozen-thawed donkey semen. As a result, spermatozoa with the greater motility characteristics are selected. PMID:23891218

Miró, Jordi; Vilés, Karina; García, Wilber; Jordana, Jordi; Yeste, Marc

2013-08-01

329

Prostaglandin levels in seminal plasma and sperm extracts of the domestic turkey, and the effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors on sperm mobility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Turkey reproduction is by artificial insemination using pooled semen so there is interest in storing semen. Fertilizing capacity declines after six hours storage, possibly due to poor sperm mobility. Prostaglandins (PG) affect mammalian sperm motility, but avian sperm has not been widely studied. For this study, levels of PG E1, E2, and F2 alpha in turkey seminal plasma and sperm extract, and effects of cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors on sperm mobility wer...

Thurston Ronald J; Korn Nancy; Kennedy Jessica H

2003-01-01

330

The importance of semen analysis in the context of azoospermia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Azoospermia is a descriptive term referring to ejaculates that lack spermatozoa without implying a specific underlying cause. The traditional definition of azoospermia is ambiguous, which has ramifications on the diagnostic criteria. This issue is further compounded by the apparent overlap between t [...] he definitions of oligospermia and azoospermia. The reliable diagnosis of the absence of spermatozoa in a semen sample is an important criterion not only for diagnosing male infertility but also for ascertaining the success of a vasectomy and for determining the efficacy of hormonal contraception. There appears to be different levels of rigor in diagnosing azoospermia in different clinical situations, which highlights the conflict between scientific research and clinical practice in defining azoospermia.

Nabil, Aziz.

331

The importance of semen analysis in the context of azoospermia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Azoospermia is a descriptive term referring to ejaculates that lack spermatozoa without implying a specific underlying cause. The traditional definition of azoospermia is ambiguous, which has ramifications on the diagnostic criteria. This issue is further compounded by the apparent overlap between the definitions of oligospermia and azoospermia. The reliable diagnosis of the absence of spermatozoa in a semen sample is an important criterion not only for diagnosing male infertility but also for ascertaining the success of a vasectomy and for determining the efficacy of hormonal contraception. There appears to be different levels of rigor in diagnosing azoospermia in different clinical situations, which highlights the conflict between scientific research and clinical practice in defining azoospermia.

Nabil Aziz

2013-01-01

332

EFFECTS OF GOSSYPOL ON SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS IN TEDDY MALE GOATS  

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Full Text Available In the present study, the effects of gossypol on semen characteristics in Teddy male goats were studied. Nine Teddy male goats were randomly divided into three equal groups named A, B and C. Animals in all groups were fed concentrated ration without cottonseed cakes (CSC at the rate of 3% of their liveweight for a period of 30 days and it was named as pre-treatment period. Just after the completion of this period, animals in group A were fed control ration (without gossypol, those in group B were fed ration which contained unboiled CSC as a source of free and bound gossypol, while animals in group C were given ration containing CSC boiled at 100?C for 1 hour as a source of bound gossypol These experimental rations were fed to animals of respective groups at the rate of 3% of their liveweight for a period of 90 days and it was named as treatment period. Feeding of ration containing gossypol to Teddy male goats did not affect the colour, volume, mass activity, sperm concentration, percentage of dead spermatozoa, liveability and absolute index of liveability of spermatozoa at 37°C. However, it affected significantly (P<0.05 the pH, per cent motility of spermatozoa and percentage of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa. The Teddy male goats fed rations containing a combination of free and bound gossypol showed a significant (P<0.05 increase in the pH and a decrease in motility of spermatozoa which was statistically lower than those fed control diet or diet containing bound gossypol. It was concluded that rations containing a combination of free and bound gossypol (unboiled CSC or bound gossypol only (boiled CSC adversely affected the semen quality of Teddy male goats in terms of sperm motility and morphologically abnormal spermatozoa in ejaculates.

I.A. Zahid, L.A. Lodhi1, N. Ahmad1, Z.I. Qureshi1, N.U. Rehman1 and M.S. Akhtar2

2003-12-01

333

Efecto del estrés oxidativo sobre la calidad del semen de pacientes infértiles con leucocitospermia  

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Full Text Available La leucocitospermia se ha asociado con alteraciones de la calidad del semen. No obstante no se han precisado con exactitud los mecanismos implicados en este daño. El propósito de este trabajo fue conocer si la leucocitospermia así como su contribución al estrés oxidativo generado en el aparato reproductor pueden afectar la calidad del semen. Para esto se estudió una muestra de 52 pacientes, hombres miembros de parejas infértiles que acudieron a la consulta de infertilidad del Instituto Nacional de Endocrinología, en los años 1998 y 1999. Se les realizó el análisis seminal según los procedimientos habituales y además la determinación de malonildialdehído, catalasa y superóxido dismutasa. La actividad superóxido dismutasa se correlacionó negativamente con el número de leucocitos, y positivamente con la movilidad b y la movilidad a + b. El trabajo realizado permitió concluir que los leucocitos en semen pueden afectar el balance entre los factores que favorecen y los que previenen el estrés oxidativo. La protección contra el estrés oxidativo es beneficiosa para la calidad del semenLeucocytospermia has been associated with alterations of the quality of semen. However, the mechanisms involved in this damage have not been exactly determined yet. This paper was aimed at knowing whether leucocytospermia and its contribution to the oxidative stress generated in the reproductive system may affect the quality of semen. To this end, a sample of 52 male patients members of infertile couples that were attended in the department of infertility of the National Institute of Endocrinology, in 1998 and 1999, was studied. The semen was analyzed according to the habitual procedures. Malondialdehyde, catalase and superoxide dismutase were also determined. The superoxide dismutase activity was negatively correlated to the number of leucocytes and positively to the mobility b and the mobility a+ b. It was concluded that leucocytes may affect the balance between the factors that favor and prevent the oxidative stress. The protection against the oxidative stress is beneficial for the quality of semen

William Quintero Pérez

2000-12-01

334

Sperm selection techniques and antioxidant fortification in low grade semen of bulls: Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The low grade ejaculates are very common in bulls. Low grade ejaculates might be due to age or non specific factors like thermal stress, transport and vaccination stress during the dynamic life of bulls. Lipid peroxidation of membrane induced sperm damage further aggravates the situation. Researches reveal that selection of sperm and antioxidant fortification play crucial role in improving the quality of semen. Different methods used for semen up-gradation like washing, sedimentation, swim up...

Shailendra Chaurasia; Indrasen Chauhan; Patel, Navinkumar B.; Thakur Krishna Shankar Rao; Niranjan Kumar,

2013-01-01

335

Frequency of herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus and human papillomavirus DNA in semen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Herpes simplex virus (HSV-2) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections produce brain damage in the newborn, and human papillomavirus (HPV) plays a role in cervical carcinogenesis. To assess the frequency of herpes virus and HPV in semen and its role in transmission, semen from 111 male partners of women with histologically-detected genital HPV infection was analysed for HSV, CMV and HPV infection. We used cell culture to detect HSV and CMV, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for HPV. Virological findings in the sperm were correlated to the presence or absence of HPV-associated genital lesions and to the viral type. Viral cultures yielded HSV-2 DNA in 9% and CMV DNA in 6.3% of cases. No correlation was established with a history of clinically apparent infection for HSV. HPV-DNA was detected in 23.4% of semen by PCR techniques: in 48% of subjects with urethral lesions, in 22% of patients with penile lesions, in 2% of patients without HPV-associated lesions. HPV-DNA type 16 was detected in 3.6% of cases. Patients with a positive HPV semen sample and penile or urethral lesions had the same HPV type detected in the two specimens. The study shows a high detection of clinically inapparent HSV and CMV, but does not confirm high HPV prevalence in semen from men without detectable lesions. Our study also suggests that the mechanism for semen contamination by HPV is the exfoliation of infected cells from urethral lesions during semen ejaculation, and probably, by abrasion from penile lesions. This could result in the contamination of semen used in assisted reproductive technology. PMID:12194737

Aynaud, Olivier; Poveda, Jean-Dominique; Huynh, Bernard; Guillemotonia, Aline; Barrasso, Renzo

2002-08-01

336

CONTRIBUTIONS ON THE ATTENUATE OF THE CRYOGENICS RESPONSE OF CONSTITUENTS PROTEINS HOMEOSTASIS OF THE SEMEN MATERIAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evidence of cryogenics response of the semen proteins, the influence of BioR administration on homeostasis of constituent gametes proteomics and on the cryobiological indexes of bull semen material was studded. The investigation has been performed on bulls from the Black Spotted breed of Moldavian type, maintained during the