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1

Parietal epithelial cells participate in the formation of sclerotic lesions in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.  

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The pathogenesis of the development of sclerotic lesions in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) remains unknown. Here, we selectively tagged podocytes or parietal epithelial cells (PECs) to determine whether PECs contribute to sclerosis. In three distinct models of FSGS (5/6-nephrectomy + DOCA-salt; the murine transgenic chronic Thy1.1 model; or the MWF rat) and in human biopsies, the primary injury to induce FSGS associated with focal activation of PECs and the formation of cellular adhesions to the capillary tuft. From this entry site, activated PECs invaded the affected segment of the glomerular tuft and deposited extracellular matrix. Within the affected segment, podocytes were lost and mesangial sclerosis developed within the endocapillary compartment. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that PECs contribute to the development and progression of the sclerotic lesions that define FSGS, but this pathogenesis may be relevant to all etiologies of glomerulosclerosis. PMID:21719782

Smeets, Bart; Kuppe, Christoph; Sicking, Eva-Maria; Fuss, Astrid; Jirak, Peggy; van Kuppevelt, Toin H; Endlich, Karlhans; Wetzels, Jack F M; Gröne, Hermann-Josef; Floege, Jürgen; Moeller, Marcus J

2011-07-01

2

Occult bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To examine bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed on 55 knees with ACL injuries. With respect to the period between ACL injuries and MR imaging, the knees were divided into acute (within one month), subacute (from one month to one year) and chronic (over one year) groups, containing 19, 16 and 20 knees, respectively. Occult bony lesions not shown in roentgenography were observed more frequently in the acute group (13/19) than in the other two groups (subacute group, 5/16; chronic group, 1/20), located in the lateral compartment of the knee joint. In the acute group, bony lesions had high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and low signal intensity on proton density images. In the subacute and chronic groups, bony lesions were less pronounced and had low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. These findings suggest that bony lesions are frequently associated with and occur simultaneously with ACL injury. (author)

3

Injury of anterior cruciate ligament with associated bony lesions: MR image  

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To evaluate the characteristic MR findings in injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with associated bony lesions. We reviewed MR findings and the corresponding arthroscopic or operative results of 48 patients with ACL injuries, and evaluated ACL signal intensity and contour. In associated bony lesions, we determined the location of avulsion fracture and bony bruise. Complete ACL tears were seen in 27 cases, partial tears in 13, and avulsion injury in eight. Complete tears showed heterogeneously increased signal intensity with contour bulging in ten cases (37%), and combined bony lesion in 14 (52%). ACL with a thin continous low signal intensity band surrounding heterogeneously-increased signal intensity suggested partial tears, and was seen in three of 13 proven cases (23%) of partial ACL tears;combined bony lesion was seen in four such cases(31%). There were eight cases of avulsion fracture;the most frequent site was the anterolateral portion of the tibial spine (n=6). The most frequent sites of bony lesion were at the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle (n=6), and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=6);the next most frequent site was the anterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=5). Tearing of the ACL was seen on MRI as ligament discontinuity, and heterogeneously increased signal intensity with ACL contour bulging. The most frequent sites of associated bony lesions were the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle, and the n of the lateral femoral condyle, and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau. In associated bony lesions, bony contusion suggested ACL tearing, but avulsion fracture suggested ligament avulsion injury without tear

4

Bony change of apical lesion healing process using fractal analysis  

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To investigate the change of bone healing process after endodontic treatment of the tooth with an apical lesion by fractal analysis. Radiographic images of 35 teeth from 33 patients taken on first diagnosis, 6 months, and 1 year after endodontic treatment were selected. Radiographic images were taken by JUPITER computerized Dental X-ray System. Fractal dimensions were calculated three times at each area by Scion Image PC program. Rectangular region of interest (30 x 30) were selected at apical lesion and normal apex of each image. The fractal dimension at apical lesion of first diagnosis (L{sub 0}) is 0.940 {+-} 0.361 and that of normal area (N{sub 0}) is 1.186 {+-} 0.727 (p<0.05). Fractal dimension at apical lesion of 6 months after endodontic treatment (L{sub 1}) is 1.076 {+-} 0.069 and that of normal area (N{sub 1}) is 1.192 {+-} 0.055 (p<0.05). Fractal dimension at apical lesion of 1 year after endodontic treatment (L{sub 2}) is 1.163 {+-} 0.074 and that of normal area (N{sub 2}) is 1.225 {+-} 0.079 (p<0.05). After endodontic treatment, the fractal dimensions at each apical lesions depending on time showed statistically significant difference. And there are statistically significant different between normal area and apical lesion on first diagnosis, 6 months after, 1 year after. But the differences were grow smaller as time flows. The evaluation of the prognosis after the endodontic treatment of the apical lesion was estimated by bone regeneration in apical region. Fractal analysis was attempted to overcome the limit of subjective reading, and as a result the change of the bone during the healing process was able to be detected objectively and quantitatively.

Lee, Ji Min; Park, Hyok; Jeong, Ho Gul; Kim, Kee Deog; Park, Chang Seo [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2005-06-15

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Bony change of apical lesion healing process using fractal analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To investigate the change of bone healing process after endodontic treatment of the tooth with an apical lesion by fractal analysis. Radiographic images of 35 teeth from 33 patients taken on first diagnosis, 6 months, and 1 year after endodontic treatment were selected. Radiographic images were taken by JUPITER computerized Dental X-ray System. Fractal dimensions were calculated three times at each area by Scion Image PC program. Rectangular region of interest (30 x 30) were selected at apical lesion and normal apex of each image. The fractal dimension at apical lesion of first diagnosis (L0) is 0.940 ± 0.361 and that of normal area (N0) is 1.186 ± 0.727 (p1) is 1.076 ± 0.069 and that of normal area (N1) is 1.192 ± 0.055 (p2) is 1.163 ± 0.074 and that of normal area (N2) is 1.225 ± 0.079 (p<0.05). After endodontic treatment, the fractal dimensions at each apical lesions depending on time showed statistically significant difference. And there are statistically significant different between normal area and apical lesion on first diagnosis, 6 months after, 1 year after. But the differences were grow smaller as time flows. The evaluation of the prognosis after the endodontic treatment of the apical lesion was estimated by bone regeneration in apical region. Fractal analysis was attempted to overcome the limit of subjective reading, and as a result the change of the bone during the healing process was able to be detected objectively and quantitatively.

6

Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (Nora’s Lesion) of the Mandible. A Rare Bony Lesion  

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Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) also eponymically called “Nora’s lesion”, is a rare benign reactive bone lesion first reported in 1983. BPOP occurs classically on the bones of the hands and feet and long bones. This lesion can easily be confused, both clinically and microscopically, with other benign and malignant lesions of bone, including osteochondroma, parosteal osteosarcoma, myositis ossificans and reactive periostitis. BPOP has been reported to have a hig...

Dashti, H. M.; Reith, J. D.; Schlott, B. J.; Lewis, E. L.; Cohen, D. M.; Bhattacharyya, I.

2012-01-01

7

Determination of prevalence of glenoid bony lesions after recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation using the 3-D CT scan  

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Background: Glenoid bone damages consisting of anterior rim erosion and bony avulsion are very important in decision making for treatment of recurrent dislocation in shoulder joint. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of these damages in patients with anterior recurrent shoulder dislocation. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study evaluating patients with unstable shoulder joint. Glenoid bone damage was assessed using three dimensional (CT) scan implementing either glenoid width index or by Pico method. Result: Ninety two patients were assessed by glenoid width index and 19 by PICO. Among the first group, 6 patients (6%) had intact shoulder joint and 86 patients (93%) had glenoid lesion including 56 (60.9%) erosions and 30 (32.6%) with bony Bankart. In this group, 60 (65%) patients had Hill-Sachs lesion. Using Pico evaluation, 8 (42%) had bony Bankart, 9 (47%) erosion and 2 (10%) no lesion, and 8 (42%) Hill-Sachs. Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between severities of glenoid bone loss with patients'frequency of dislocations. Patients with convulsion-induced shoulder dislocation had the most severe bone loss. The CT scan should be done early in recurrent dislocation because severe bony damage could occur even after few dislocations. The overall prevalence of glenoid bone damage including bony Bankart and erosion are high in recurrent anterior dislocation. This is particularly emphasized in patients with seizure.

Guity, Mohamad Reza; Akhlaghpour, Shaharam; Yousefian, Reza

2014-01-01

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Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA in the sclerotic spinal wall.  

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Recent studies have shown that the major spinal lesion in spinal tuberculosis is predominantly sclerotic and accounts for >70% of the lesion. In this type of sclerosis, apart from spinal reactive hyperplasia and increased bone density, the most severe lesion is the formation of a hard outer osteoid shell (the sclerotic wall) around the cheese-like substances and granulated tissues. In the current study, polymerase chain reaction detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the sclerotic wall was performed. Surgical specimens were obtained from 18 patients with spinal tuberculosis with peripheral sclerotic wall (as shown by computed tomography) and included the sclerotic wall, subnormal bone tissue outside the sclerotic wall, and iliac bone tissue (control). The IS986 gene in the samples was amplified by polymerase chain reaction followed by DNA sequencing. The obtained sequences were then compared with the published sequences in GenBank using DNATools version 5.1 software (International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Trieste, Italy). The polymerase chain reaction results showed that 16 specimens from the sclerotic spinal wall, 3 from the subnormal bone, and 0 from the controls were positive for M tuberculosis, indicating a statistically significant difference (P<.05). These results indicated that M tuberculosis was present in the spinal sclerotic wall. Combined with our previous studies, we conclude that the sclerotic wall should be considered a lesion in patients with spinal tuberculosis. PMID:22385454

Si, Jianwei; Geng, Guangqi; Wang, Zili

2012-03-01

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Appearance of bony lesions on 3-D CT reconstructions: a case study in variable renderings  

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This paper discusses conventional 3-D reconstruction for bone visualization and presents a case study to demonstrate the dangers of performing 3-D reconstructions without careful selection of the bone threshold. The visualization of midface bone lesions directly from axial CT images is difficult because of the complex anatomic relationships. Three-dimensional reconstructions made from the CT to provide graphic images showing lesions in relation to adjacent facial bones. Most commercially available 3-D image reconstruction requires that the radiologist or technologist identify a threshold image intensity value that can be used to distinguish bone from other tissues. Much has been made of the many disadvantages of this technique, but it continues as the predominant method in producing 3-D pictures for clinical use. This paper is intended to provide a clear demonstration for the physician of the caveats that should accompany 3-D reconstructions. We present a case of recurrent odontogenic keratocyst in the anterior maxilla where the 3-D reconstructions, made with different bone thresholds (windows), are compared to the resected specimen. A DMI 3200 computer was used to convert the scan data from a GE 9800 CT into a 3-D shaded surface image. Threshold values were assigned to (1) generate the most clinically pleasing image, (2) produce maximum theoretical fidelity (using the midpoint image intensity between average cortical bone and average soft tissue), and (3) cover stepped threshold intensities between these two methods. We compared the computer lesions with the resected specimen and noted measurement errors of up to 44 percent introduced by inappropriate bone threshold levels. We suggest clinically applicable standardization techniques in the 3-D reconstruction as well as cautionary language that should accompany the 3-D images.

Mankovich, Nicholas J.; White, Stuart C.

1992-05-01

10

Bony Fishes  

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Sea World informational resource on bony fishes. Excellent introduction to bony fishes including information on their classification, habitat, physical characteristics, diet, reproduction, and much more. Includes photographs and illustrations throughout, and features a spreadsheet showing the different subclasses and the number of species found within each. Site also provides a comprehensive list of books about bony fishes for the younger reader.

11

SAPHO syndrome presenting as widespread bony metastatic disease of unknown origin.  

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SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis) syndrome represents an inflammatory spectrum ranging from an osteitis through to a spondyloarthropathy which may or may not be associated with dermatological manifestations. We present the case of a 52-year-old female who presented with non-specific back pain. Radiological imaging showed mixed lytic and sclerotic lesions of her lumbar spine and pelvis consistent with bony metastatic disease. She underwent CT-guided biopsy that confirmed histological findings in keeping with non-bacterial osteitis/chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis. This case report and review of the literature highlights the importance of the SAPHO syndrome and its treatment. PMID:21249499

Mann, Bhupinder; Shaerf, Daniel A; Sheeraz, Ahsan; Skinner, John A; Saifuddin, Asif

2012-02-01

12

Localized sclerotic bone response demonstrated reduced nanomechanical creep properties.  

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Sclerosis (tissue hardening) development is a common occurrence in slow growing or benign osteolytic lesions. However, there is lack of knowledge on the mechanical and material property changes associated with sclerotic bone response. The immune system is postulated to play a relevant role in evoking sclerotic bone responses. In this study, localized sclerotic response in an immunocompetent model of Walker 256 breast carcinoma in SD rats showed an apparent increase in new reactive bone formation. Sclerotic rat femurs had significant increases in bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), bone surface density (BS/TV), trabecular number (Tb.N) and a significant decrease in trabecular separation (Tb.Sp) and structural model index (SMI) as compared to control rat femurs. Significantly reduced creep responses (increased ?) were observed for both trabecular and cortical bone in sclerotic bones while no significant difference was observed in elastic modulus (E) and hardness (H) values. Therefore, we conclude that viscoelastic creep property using nanoindentation would serve as a more sensitive indicator of localized bone modeling than elastic properties. Moreover, reduced viscoelasticity can contribute towards increased microcrack propagation and therefore reduced toughness. Since significant positive correlations between elastic properties (E) and (H) with viscosity (?) were also observed, our results indicate that sclerotic response of bone metastasis would cause reduced toughness (increased ?) with stiffening of material (increased E and H). PMID:23127639

Chen, Xiuli; Goh, James Cho Hong; Teoh, Swee Hin; De, Shamal Das; Soong, Richie; Lee, Taeyong

2013-01-01

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Value of conventional radiology and CT for the demonstration of Hill-Sachs defects and bony Bankart lesions in recurring shoulder dislocation  

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Fourty patients with anterior dislocation of the shoulder were examined in order to demonstrate Hill-Sachs defects and bony Bankart lesions. All patients had conventional radiographs of the shoulder in two planes, special views according to Hermodsson and Bernageau and CT. The examinations were evaluated by three observers. CT was regarded as the gold standard. Sensitivity for demonstrating Hill-Sachs defects for the standard views was 45% and for the Hermodsson views was 76%. For demonstrating Bankart lesions, standard views had a sensitivity of 37% and the Bernageau view 64%. Computed tomography was markedly superior to the standard and the special views, both for demonstrating the lesions and the agreement between various observers.

Madler, M.; Mayr, B.; Baierl, P.; Klein, C.; Habermeyer, P.; Huber, R.

1988-04-01

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The value of conventional radiology and CT for the demonstration of Hill-Sachs defects and bony Bankart lesions in recurring shoulder dislocation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fourty patients with anterior dislocation of the shoulder were examined in order to demonstrate Hill-Sachs defects and bony Bankart lesions. All patients had conventional radiographs of the shoulder in two planes, special views according to Hermodsson and Bernageau and CT. The examinations were evaluated by three observers. CT was regarded as the gold standard. Sensitivity for demonstrating Hill-Sachs defects for the standard views was 45% and for the Hermodsson views was 76%. For demonstrating Bankart lesions, standard views had a sensitivity of 37% and the Bernageau view 64%. Computed tomography was markedly superior to the standard and the special views, both for demonstrating the lesions and the agreement between various observers. (orig.)

15

Multiple bony lesions other than femoral heads on {sup 99m}Tc-MDP bone scan in patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head  

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To evaluate the clinical significance of the multiple increased uptake lesions other than in femoral heads as seen on whole body bone scan in patients with avascular necrosis of femoral heads. One hundred and seventy three patients with clinical diagnosis of avascular necrosis of the emoral head underwent a bone scan using Tc-99m MDP. Increased uptake lesions other than in femoral heads were evaluated, including frequency and common sites of in volvement, and correlated with clinical information and plain radiographic findings. Two hundred patients without AVN, who had undergone a bone scan, were included as a control group. Increased uptake lesions in extrafemoral head locations were found in 36 of 173 patients(20.8%); the location of 79 lesions was other than the femoral head. This result is statistically different from patients without avascular necrosis of femoral head(p<0.0001). The most common site of involvement was the knee joint area(62.5%). Other lesions were located in the mid-shafts of the long bones of the lower extremities, calcaneus, proximal humerus, etc., in order of decreasing frequency. Plain radiographs of 17 lesions were nonspecific, except for three lesions showing definite changes associated with avascular necrosis. The risk factors included alcoholism, the prolonged use of steroids, renal transplantation, herbal medication and working as a working as deep-sea diver. Most patients did not complain of pain, except for two with irreversible osteonecrotic changes as seen on plain radiograph. in patients with avascular necrosis of the femur, increased uptake lesions other than in the femoral head as seen on bone scan, may represent the early stage of osteonecrosis, which shows a characteristic appearance on bone scan. In order to aveid possible misdiagnoses of multiple extrafemoral lesions as bony metastasis or traumatic lesions, in patients with avascular necrosis of the femur these should be carefully evaluated.

Choi, Yun Young; Yang, Seoung Oh; Moon, Dae Hyuk; Ryu, Jin Sook; Weon, Young Cheol; Shin, Myung Jin; Lee, Soo Ho; Lee, Hee Kyung [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of); Chun, Hae Kyung [St. Francisco Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-03-01

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Multifocal sclerotic BCG spondylitis in a 13-year-old girl  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case is reported of multifocal BCG osteomyelitis in a 13-year-old girl. The lesions in the skull, ribs and in several vertebrae were mainly sclerotic and healed with antituberculotic therapy. The case is unusual because of the late onset, sclerotic changes, and involvement of the spine. (orig.)

17

Bony instability of the shoulder.  

Science.gov (United States)

Instability of the shoulder is a common problem treated by many orthopaedists. Instability can result from baseline intrinsic ligamentous laxity or a traumatic event-often a dislocation that injures the stabilizing structures of the glenohumeral joint. Many cases involve soft-tissue injury only and can be treated successfully with repair of the labrum and ligamentous tissues. Both open and arthroscopic approaches have been well described, with recent studies of arthroscopic soft-tissue techniques reporting results equal to those of the more traditional open techniques. Over the last decade, attention has focused on the concept of instability of the shoulder mediated by bony pathology such as a large bony Bankart lesion or an engaging Hill-Sachs lesion. Recent literature has identified unrecognized large bony lesions as a primary cause of failure of arthroscopic reconstruction for instability, a major cause of recurrent instability, and a difficult diagnosis to make. Thus, although such bony lesions may be relatively rare compared with soft-tissue pathology, they constitute a critically important entity in the management of shoulder instability. Smaller bony lesions may be amenable to arthroscopic treatment, but larger lesions often require open surgery to prevent recurrent instability. This article reviews recent developments in the diagnosis and treatment of bony instability. PMID:18760215

Bushnell, Brandon D; Creighton, R Alexander; Herring, Marion M

2008-09-01

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CUTANEOUS MYXOID CYST ON THE SCLEROTIC FINGER IN A PATIENT WITH DIFFUSE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS  

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Full Text Available Skin tumors occurring on the scleroderma fingers are rarely seen. Swollen fingers are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis, and mucin deposition in the lesional skin is a constant feature in systemic sclerosis. Here we describe a case of cutaneous myxoid cyst on the flexor aspect of the sclerotic fingers in a patient with severe diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Cutaneous myxoid cyst is a relatively common benign tumor; however, cases of cutaneous myxoid cysts developing on the scleroderma fingers have not been reported to date. Mucin deposition in the sclerotic skin may be a predisposing factor in the induction of myxoid cyst on the scleroderma finger in our patient.

Taeko Nakamura-Wakatsuki

2013-10-01

19

[Dysphagia and cervical bony spurs].  

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A 74-year-old man had acute complete dysphagia due to esophageal compression cause by a degenerative osteophye on C4-C5. Functional improvement was immediate after surgical removal of the osteophyte via an anterior cervical approach. Reports in the literature show that vertebral hypertrophic spurs causing dysphagia result from bony degeneration or idiopathic causes (diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperosteosis: DISH). Surgery is mandatory if medical care fails and dysphagia is complete. Discetomy-graft is indicated for degenerative lesions and simple removal of the bony spur for ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament in DISH. In DISH, the cervical disc is not implicated but in degenerative disease it is the most important factor in the development of osteophytes. PMID:11404686

Mineo, J F; Person, H; Dam Hieu, P; Bostan, A; Besson, G

2001-05-01

20

Bony sequestrum: A radiologic review  

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According to a pathological definition, a bony sequestrum is defined as a piece of devitalized bone that has been separated from the surrounding bone during the process of necrosis. However, the radiological definition of a sequestrum is different and refers to an image of calcification visible within a lucent lesion, completely separated from the surrounding bone, without referring to the vascular status and histological nature of the calcified tissue. The term ''button sequestrum'' has been used in calvarial lesions. The prototype conditions that may present with a bony sequestrum are osteomyelitis and skeletal tuberculosis. Other conditions such as radiation necrosis, eosinophilic granuloma, metastatic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of bone, aggressive fibrous tumors may also manifest as osteolytic lesions containing a sequestrum. In addition, some primary bone tumors produce a matrix that may mineralize and sometimes simulate a bone sequestrum. These include osteoid tumors (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma), cartilaginous tumors (chondroma and chondroblastoma), lipomatous tumors (lipoma), and benign fibrous tumors (fibromyxoma, myxoma, and desmoplastic fibroma). Therefore, various conditions may present at imaging as a small area of osteolysis containing central calcifications. However, a careful analysis of the sequestrum as well as the associated clinical and radiological findings often enables to point toward a limited number of conditions. (orig.)

Jennin, Felicie; Bousson, Valerie; Parlier, Caroline; Jomaah, Nabil; Khanine, Vanessa; Laredo, Jean-Denis [Lariboisiere Hospital, Department of Radiology, Paris (France)

2011-08-15

 
 
 
 
21

The sclerotic pedicle - how many causes are there?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The sclerotic pedicle is a commonly encountered roentgen sign that may be associated with numerous conditions, both benign and malignant. The following paper discusses the common as well as the unusual causes of this interesting phenomenon and demonstrates the radiographic presentations of the various etiologies. (orig.)

22

Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis  

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Full Text Available Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Quinck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones.A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, diagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

V Silva

2007-01-01

23

Dopamine-Mediated Sclerotization of Regenerated Chitin in Ionic Liquid  

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Full Text Available Chitin is a promising structural material for biomedical applications, due to its many advantageous properties and abundance in nature. However, its usage and development in the biomedical field have been stagnant, because of chitin’s poor mechanical properties in wet conditions and the difficulties in transforming it into an applicable form. To overcome these challenges, we created a novel biomimetic chitin composite. This regenerated chitin, prepared with ionic liquid, showed improved mechanical properties in wet conditions by mimicking insect cuticle and squid beak sclerotization, i.e., catechol-meditated cross-linking. By ionic liquid-based heat treatment, dopamine oxidation produced melanin-like compounds and dopamine-meditated cross-links without any solvent evaporation and oxidant utilization. The dopamine-meditated sclerotization increased the ultimate tensile strength (UTS of the regenerated chitin by 2.52-fold, measured after six weeks of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS submersion. In addition, the linear swelling ratio (LSR of the chitin film was reduced by about 22%. This strategy raises a possibility of using regenerated chitin as an artificial hard tissue in wet conditions.

Dongyeop X. Oh

2013-09-01

24

Lysis of osteoblastic lesions in prostatic cancer: a sign of progression  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Osteoblastic metastases from prostatic cancer often increase in density after successful endocrine treatment. Regrowth of malignancy, at the time of relapse, may cause osteolytic changes in previously stable sclerotic lesions. Four illustrative case reports are presented. Fading of sclerotic lesions on radiographs, accompanied by bone destruction, signifies disease progression

25

Bony Calvarium as the Sole Site ofMetastases in Squamous Cell Carcinomaof the Uterine Cervix  

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Full Text Available Isolated skeletal metastasis to the bony calvarium is extremely rare in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. We describe the clinical and imaging findings in a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix with metastases tothe bony calvarium as the sole site of metastasis. The patient was a 65-year-old woman with squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, FIGO stage IIIb, whose initial treatement was chemoradiation therapy. After 22 sessions of external-beam radiation,she developed headaches. On physical examination she had skull bone tenderness. On plain skull X-ray, there were osteolytic bony lesions. Brain MRI showed multiple enhancing skull bone metatstses. Eventually, a whole body bone scintigraphy revealed isolated diffuse increased activity in the bony calvarium. In the literature review, wefound only three similar cases of cervical cancer with scalp metastases and involvement of the bony calvarium.

Mohammad Mohammadianpanah

2010-10-01

26

Bony sclerosis in patients with maxillofacial carcinoma  

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CT examinations of the patients with maxillofacial carcinoma were reviewed with special interest in bony sclerosis. Bony sclerosis was observed in seven of 10 patients with maxillary sinus carcinoma. The site of sclerosis included zygoma and pterygoid process. Two of four patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma invading the parapharyngeal space showed sclerosis of the skull base. High resolution CT with bone display is useful for demonstrating bony sclerosis. The feasibility of using bony sclerosis for determining the stage of the tumor and predicting the clinical course is suggested. (author)

27

Bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury  

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Objective. Bony ankylosis has been described following trauma, paralysis, psoriasis, Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile chronic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Reports of bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury are limited.Design and patients. Thirteen cases of burn-related joint ankylosis in four patients are presented.Conclusion. Patients with burns from thermal or electrical injury may develop bony ankylosis among other radiographic manifestations. This bony ankylosis may result either from bridging extra-articular heterotopic ossification with preservation of the underlying joint or from intra-articular fusion due to joint destruction. (orig.)

Balen, P.F.; Helms, C.A. [Dept. of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

2001-07-01

28

Bony ankylosis of temporomandibular joint  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ankylosis of joint is defined as limited movement due to infection, trauma, or surgical procedure. A 59-year-old female with a chief complaint of limited movements during mouth opening had a positive history of trauma to her right TMJ area about 5 years ago. From that time, progressive mouth opening limitation and intermittent pain have occurred. At the time of admission the patient showed mandibular deviation to the right side during mouth opening, with a maximum opening limited to 5 mm. On plain radiographs, right condylar enlargement and joint space reduction by newly formed bony tissues were observed. CT scans showed right condylar enlargement, cortical sclerosis, and thickening of the condyle, articular fossa and articular eminence.

29

Bony ankylosis of temporomandibular joint  

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Ankylosis of joint is defined as limited movement due to infection, trauma, or surgical procedure. A 59-year-old female with a chief complaint of limited movements during mouth opening had a positive history of trauma to her right TMJ area about 5 years ago. From that time, progressive mouth opening limitation and intermittent pain have occurred. At the time of admission the patient showed mandibular deviation to the right side during mouth opening, with a maximum opening limited to 5 mm. On plain radiographs, right condylar enlargement and joint space reduction by newly formed bony tissues were observed. CT scans showed right condylar enlargement, cortical sclerosis, and thickening of the condyle, articular fossa and articular eminence.

Lee, Byeong Do; Yoon, Young Nam; Um, Ki Doo; Ra, Jong Ill; Lee, Wan [School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

2002-06-15

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Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine) exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electron microscopy in order to estimate the amount (in percentage) of solid dentin on the sclerotic dentin surface. The data were compared by Student's t test (? = 0.05). The micromorphological and microhardness data were compared by Pearson's linear correlation test (? = 0.05). The mean percentages of solid dentin of human and bovine sclerotic dentin were similar (human 90.71 ± 0.83 and bovine 89.08 ± 0.81, p = 0.18). The mean microhardness value (VHN) of human sclerotic dentin was significantly higher than that of bovine sclerotic dentin (human 45.26 ± 2.92 and bovine 29.93 ± 3.83, p = 0.006). No correlation was found between the microhardness values and the amount of solid dentin in the sclerotic dentin, irrespective of the species considered (human R² = 0.0240, p = 0.714; bovine R² = 0.0017, p = 0.923; and combined R² = 0.038, p = 0.46). We concluded that although both bovine and human sclerotic dentin present a similar amount of solid tissue, human sclerotic dentin presents higher microhardness than bovine sclerotic dentin. PMID:21670860

Castanho, Gisela Muassab; Marques, Márcia Martins; Marques, Juliana Barbosa; Camargo, Maitê André; De Cara, Antonio Alberto

2011-01-01

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Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine) exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics [...] typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electron microscopy in order to estimate the amount (in percentage) of solid dentin on the sclerotic dentin surface. The data were compared by Student's t test (? = 0.05). The micromorphological and microhardness data were compared by Pearson's linear correlation test (? = 0.05). The mean percentages of solid dentin of human and bovine sclerotic dentin were similar (human 90.71 ± 0.83 and bovine 89.08 ± 0.81, p = 0.18). The mean microhardness value (VHN) of human sclerotic dentin was significantly higher than that of bovine sclerotic dentin (human 45.26 ± 2.92 and bovine 29.93 ± 3.83, p = 0.006). No correlation was found between the microhardness values and the amount of solid dentin in the sclerotic dentin, irrespective of the species considered (human R² = 0.0240, p = 0.714; bovine R² = 0.0017, p = 0.923; and combined R² = 0.038, p = 0.46). We concluded that although both bovine and human sclerotic dentin present a similar amount of solid tissue, human sclerotic dentin presents higher microhardness than bovine sclerotic dentin.

Gisela Muassab, Castanho; Márcia Martins, Marques; Juliana Barbosa, Marques; Maitê André, Camargo; Antonio Alberto De, Cara.

2011-06-01

32

Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine) exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics [...] typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electron microscopy in order to estimate the amount (in percentage) of solid dentin on the sclerotic dentin surface. The data were compared by Student's t test (? = 0.05). The micromorphological and microhardness data were compared by Pearson's linear correlation test (? = 0.05). The mean percentages of solid dentin of human and bovine sclerotic dentin were similar (human 90.71 ± 0.83 and bovine 89.08 ± 0.81, p = 0.18). The mean microhardness value (VHN) of human sclerotic dentin was significantly higher than that of bovine sclerotic dentin (human 45.26 ± 2.92 and bovine 29.93 ± 3.83, p = 0.006). No correlation was found between the microhardness values and the amount of solid dentin in the sclerotic dentin, irrespective of the species considered (human R² = 0.0240, p = 0.714; bovine R² = 0.0017, p = 0.923; and combined R² = 0.038, p = 0.46). We concluded that although both bovine and human sclerotic dentin present a similar amount of solid tissue, human sclerotic dentin presents higher microhardness than bovine sclerotic dentin.

Gisela Muassab, Castanho; Márcia Martins, Marques; Juliana Barbosa, Marques; Maitê André, Camargo; Antonio Alberto De, Cara.

33

Thin bony walls of the temporomandibular joint  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The morphology of two thin bony walls in the medial third of the mandibular fossa is described on the basis of successive microtome sections of undecalcified temporomandibular joint specimens. The requirements for reproduction of thin bony walls at tomography with hypocycloidal movement are defined and discussed. (Auth.)

34

Post Pelvic Radiotherapy Bony Changes  

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There has been recent interest in radiation-induced bone injury in clinical conditions, especially for pelvic insufficiency fracture (PIF). A PIF is caused by the effect of normal or physiological stress on bone with demineralization and decreased elastic resistance. Pelvic radiotherapy (RT) can also contribute to the development of a PIF. A PIF has been regarded as a rare complication with the use of megavoltage equipment. However, recent studies have reported the incidence of PIFs as 8.2{approx}20% after pelvic RT in gynecological patients, an incidence that was higher than previously believed. The importance of understanding a PIF lies in the potential for misdiagnosis as a bony metastasis. If patients complain of pelvic pain after whole-pelvis radiation therapy, the presence of a PIF must be considered in the differential diagnosis. The use of multibeam arrangements and conformal RT to reduce the volume and dose of irradiated pelvic bone can be helpful to minimize the risk of fracture. In addition to a PIF, osteonecrosis and avascular necrosis of the femoral head can develop after radiation therapy. Osteoradionecrosis of the pelvic bone is a clinical diagnostic challenge that must be differentiated from an osseous metastasis. A post-radiation bone sarcoma can result as a long-term sequela of pelvic irradiation for uterine cervical cancer.

Huh, Seung Jae [Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2009-03-15

35

Forebrain evolution in bony fishes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The bony fishes consist of ray-finned fishes and lobe-finned fishes. In ray-finned fishes, the forebrain forms a morphocline from the cladistian bichirs through teleosts regarding the number and increasing complexity of pallial connections. The nuclei of the posterior tubercle parallel this increase in complexity, but the dorsal thalamic nuclei do not. The primary targets of the dorsal thalamic nuclei are the subpallial nuclei, whereas the primary targets of the posterior tubercle are various pallial divisions. Primitively, nucleus medianus is the primary projection nucleus of the posterior tubercle. It is either reduced or lost in teleosts, and its role is taken over by the preglomerular complex, which appears to develop from proliferative zones in both the thalamic alar plate and the posterior tubercle. Although there are numerous hodological data for the pallium in ray-finned fishes, there is no consensus regarding its homologies with other vertebrates. In contrast to ray-finned fishes, very few experimental data exist for lobe-finned fishes. The coelacanth, Latimeria, is extremely rare, and lungfishes are the best source for new experimental data. At this point, there are sufficient data to suggest that lungfishes are characterized by a pallium that is divided into four components, separate dorsal and ventral striatopallidal systems, and an amygdala that consists of anterior, central, lateral, and medial nuclei. The data suggest that telencephalic organization in lungfishes is far more similar to that in amphibians than was previously suspected. PMID:18331871

Northcutt, R Glenn

2008-03-18

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Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea / Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Qui [...] nck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones. Abstract in english A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, d [...] iagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

V, Silva; H, Madrid; S, Anticevic.

37

Bony spurs projecting in the obturator foramen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The obturator foramen is large oval aperture in males or irregularly triangular aperture in females in the hipbone, situated anteroinferior to the acetabulum between the pubis and ischium. The dry bone under study is a male left sided hipbone. It contains the obturator groove through which the obturator nerve and vessels pass. During analysis of hipbones in the osteology laboratory of CSM Medical University Lucknow, UP, India, a hipbone was found in which bony spurs or exostoses were projecting from the margins into the obturator foramen. These bony projections in the obturator foramen constitute a new anatomical variant in the hipbone, as they have not been reported before. These bony spurs may impinge on the obturator nerve and vessels causing neurovascular complications and also trauma to the soft tissues during biomechanical movements. In addition, these bony spurs may cause spasms of the obturator internus and externus muscles, causing groin pain. These bony projections may also lead to misinterpretation of radiographs. Thus, knowledge of these bony spurs is of paramount importance to anatomists, surgeons, sport physicians, and radiologists. PMID:22648594

Singh, R

2012-05-01

38

Sclerotic Vertebral Metastases: Pain Palliation Using Percutaneous Image-Guided Cryoablation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cryoablative therapies have been proposed to palliate pain from soft-tissue or osteolytic bone tumors. A case of a patient with painful thoracic and sacral spine sclerotic metastases successfully treated by image-guided percutaneous cryoablation with the aid of insulation techniques and thermosensors is reported in this case report.

39

Bony island within the articular cartilage of the knee in a child: a rare condition for early osteoarthritis  

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Full Text Available Articular cartilage is a specific type of connective tissue composed of hydrated proteoglycans within a matrix of collagen fibrils. In the elderly population, it shows degenerative changes that may results in osteoarthritis. The more severe form of osteoarthritis occasionally demonstrates bone formation within the cartilage, which is designated as a bony protuberance, however, such lesions are rare in children. This report presents the case of a 10-year-old boy with a bony protuberance within the articular cartilage of the knee. The patient initially complained of knee pain and he subsequently developed flexion contracture. Radiological and arthroscopic examinations revealed a bony protuberance in the articular cartilage and degenerative changes of the cartilage above it. He was successfully treated by the removal of the bony protuberance and osteochondral grafting. The bony protuberance may have caused cartilage degradation since the thickness of the cartilage above it was thinner than that around the lesion. The bony protuberance within the articular cartilage formed in the younger population may be a possible cause of osteoarthritis. This case is a noteworthy with regard to the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis.

Eiji Itoi

2011-03-01

40

Astrocytic expression of cannabinoid type 1 receptor in rat and human sclerotic hippocampi.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cannabinoid type 1 receptor (CB1R), which is traditionally located on axon terminals, plays an important role in the pathology of epilepsy and neurodegenerative diseases by modulating synaptic transmission. Using the pilocarpine model of chronic spontaneous recurrent seizures, which mimics the main features of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) in humans, we examined the expression of CB1R in hippocampal astrocytes of epileptic rats. Furthermore, we also examined the expression of astrocytic CB1R in the resected hippocampi from patients with medically refractory mesial TLE. Using immunofluorescent double labeling, we found increased expression of astrocytic CB1R in hippocampi of epileptic rats, whereas expression of astrocytic CB1R was not detectable in hippocampi of saline treated animals. Furthermore, CB1R was also found in some astrocytes in sclerotic hippocampi in a subset of patients with intractable mesial TLE. Detection with immune electron microscopy showed that the expression of CB1R was increased in astrocytes of epileptic rats and modest levels of CB1R were also found on the astrocytic membrane of sclerotic hippocampi. These results suggest that increased expression of astrocytic CB1R in sclerotic hippocampi might be involved in the cellular basis of the effects of cannabinoids on epilepsy. PMID:25031702

Meng, Xian-Dong; Wei, Dong; Li, Juan; Kang, Jun-Jun; Wu, Chen; Ma, Lei; Yang, Feng; Zhu, Ge-Min; Ou-Yang, Tang-Peng; Liu, Ying-Ying; Jiang, Wen

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

42

Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

Macanovic, M., E-mail: mladenmaca@gmail.co [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Gangidi, S.; Porter, G.; Brown, S.; Courtney, D. [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Porter, J. [Community Dental Service, Plymouth Primary Care Trust, Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15

43

Primary Extradural Meningioma Presenting as Frontal Sinusitis with Extensive Bony Changes: Case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary extradural meningiomas are rare tumours and calvarial meningiomas with extensive bony changes and frontal sinusitis are rarer still. We report a 40-year-old female patient who presented to the otorhinolaryngologist at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Muscat, Oman, in October 2013 with headaches and frontal swelling. She was diagnosed with frontal sinusitis complicated by osteomyelitis. Further clinical examination and imaging revealed a left frontal calvarial meningioma with extensive bony changes and extracalvarial extension into the frontal sinus. She underwent a left frontal craniotomy during which the tumour was removed. The postoperative period was uneventful and a follow-up computed tomography scan after three months showed only postoperative changes. This report discusses the radiological differential diagnosis and management of this type of lesion. PMID:25364563

Kariyattil, Rajeev; Govindaraju, Venkatesh; Hamid, Rana S; Unnikrishnan, Muthukuttiparambil

2014-11-01

44

Primary Extradural Meningioma Presenting as Frontal Sinusitis with Extensive Bony Changes  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary extradural meningiomas are rare tumours and calvarial meningiomas with extensive bony changes and frontal sinusitis are rarer still. We report a 40-year-old female patient who presented to the otorhinolaryngologist at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Muscat, Oman, in October 2013 with headaches and frontal swelling. She was diagnosed with frontal sinusitis complicated by osteomyelitis. Further clinical examination and imaging revealed a left frontal calvarial meningioma with extensive bony changes and extracalvarial extension into the frontal sinus. She underwent a left frontal craniotomy during which the tumour was removed. The postoperative period was uneventful and a follow-up computed tomography scan after three months showed only postoperative changes. This report discusses the radiological differential diagnosis and management of this type of lesion. PMID:25364563

Kariyattil, Rajeev; Govindaraju, Venkatesh; Hamid, Rana S.; Unnikrishnan, Muthukuttiparambil

2014-01-01

45

Subperiostial and intracortical aneurysmal bony cyst - Cases report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aneurismal bony cyst is a benign bony tumor that is presented in the second decade of the life; it commits the bones around the knee, later elements of the column and flue proximal. It diagnoses it is clinical and radiological; it confirms by means of biopsy that should discard concomitant malignancy. This tumor can have an aggressive behavior for what is important to give him a meticulous treatment with resection, curettage and bony implant. The radiotherapy has very precise indications and it should not be used of routine by the malignancies risk. Their prognostic it is quite good

46

CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy for bilateral multiple renal cysts: preliminary results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing, aspiration and injection of sclerotic agents (ethanol) in treating bilateral multiple renal cysts. Methods: CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy was performed in 19 patients with bilateral multiple renal cysts. First, under CT guidance the puncture points and puncture routs were decided, then, puncturing, aspiration, rinsing and ethanol injection of the cysts were taken place by turn. The clinical results were analyzed. Results: bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy was successfully completed in all 19 cases. The whole procedure was well tolerated by all patients. The mean operative time was 23 minutes with a range of 20-35 minutes. No severe complications occurred. Conclusion: With proficient manipulation, CT-guided bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy for bilateral multiple renal cysts can be smoothly carried out. The technique can reduced the number of sclerotherapy times, cut down the medical expenses and, therefore, get twofold results with half the effort. (authors)

47

Direct bony invasion of malignant melanoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Malignant melanoma is known to spread by local extention, by the lymphatics by the blood stream. Direct invasion of the bone from a cutaneous melanoma is unknown. Hence, this case is presented in view of its rarity. A 75-year-old Caucasian lady presented with a small papillary lesion in the region of a recurrent chronic cellulitis on the lower third of the lateral aspect of the right leg. Histopathology diagnosed the lesion as locally advanced malignant melanoma. Radiological investigations by X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging revealed malignant infiltration of the tibia in its mid and lower third with two soft tissue metastatic masses adjacent. Histology following amputation confirmed malignant melanoma with cranial resection margin involvement. She underwent a further above-knee amputation followed by chemotherapy. The patient recovered from the amputation but subsequently died 6 months later due to bronchopneumonia from lung metastasis.

Mula Viswanath

2009-01-01

48

Factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for bone lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To evaluate the factors influencing diagnostic yield of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) for bone lesions. Materials and methods: Between September 2005 and July 2011, 162 consecutive CT-guided CNB procedures were performed in 155 patients. The variables analysed were age, sex, lesion location, lesion type, lesion size, specimen size, biopsy needle gauge, and individual radiologist. The factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous CNB for bone lesions were determined by multivariate analysis of variables. Results: The diagnostic yield was 81.5%. Diagnostic yield was 89.9% for lytic bone lesions and 48.5% for sclerotic bone lesions (p < 0.001), and 89.2% for lesions ?3 cm and 73.4% for lesions <3 cm (p = 0.010). The significant factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous CNB for bone lesions were lesion type [p < 0.001; odds ratio (OR) for a lytic lesion was approximately 12 times higher than that for a sclerotic lesion; 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.22–34.01], and lesion size (p = 0.012; OR for a lesion size ?3 cm was about five-times higher than that for a lesion size <3 cm; 95% CI: 1.42–16.71). Conclusion: Lesion type and lesion size are determining factors in diagnostic yield. The higher diagnostic yield is correlated with lytic lesion and lesion size ?3 cm

49

Bony fragments in the tarsocrural and metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints in the Standardbred horse - a radiographic survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiographic examination of the tarsocrural, metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints was made in 139 Standardbred horses. Most were under three years old with no history of orthopaedic problems. In the tarsocrural joint, osteochondrosis was observed in 25 (18.1 percent) of the horses (n = 138) and 14 (56 percent) of these were affected bilaterally. In the metatarsophalangeal joint, the most frequent radiographic abnormality was single or multiple bony fragments or defects at the plantar proximal end of the proximal phalanx, which was noticed in 40 (28.8 percent) of the horses (n = 139). The lesion was much more frequent in the hind than in the forelimbs. Ten percent of horses affected in the hindlimbs had the lesions bilaterally. Palmar or plantar fragments wee also more common in the medial, than the lateral, part of the joint. With regard to osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joint and palmar or plantar bony fragments in the metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints, no significant differences in incidence were found between sexes or between left and right sides. There was no correlation between findings of osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joints and the occurrence of bony fragments in the plantar part of the metatarsophalangeal joints. In the forelimbs, bony fragments in the dorsal parts of the metacarpophalangeal joint were noticed in three (2.9 percent) of the horse (n = 103) and the corresponding figure for the metatarsophalangeal joint was three (2.2 percent) (n = 139). In 102 horses, the tarsocrural, the metacarpo- and the metatarsophalangeal joints were radiographed at the same time. One or several joints were affected with osteochondrosis, bony fragments, or defects in underlying bones in 45 (44.1 percent) of these horses. (author)

50

Antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in sclerotic mice. METHODS: Skin fibroblasts that were isolated from three systemic scleroderma (SSc) patients and three healthy subjects were treated with crocetin (0.1, 1 or 10 ?M). Cell proliferation [...] was measured with an MTT assay. Alpha-smooth muscle actin was detected via an immunohistochemical method. Alpha 1 (I) procollagen (COL1A1), alpha 1 (III) procollagen (COL3A1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 mRNA levels were measured using real-time PCR. SSc mice were established by the subcutaneous injection of bleomycin. Crocetin (50 mg/kg/d) was injected intraperitoneally for 14 days. Dermal thickness and lung fibrosis were assessed with Masson's trichrome staining. Plasma ET-1 was detected with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Skin and lung ET-1 and COL1A1 mRNA levels were measured via real-time PCR. RESULTS: Crocetin inhibited the proliferation of SSc and normal fibroblasts, an effect that increased with crocetin concentration and incubation time. Crocetin decreased the expression of ?-SMA and the levels of mRNA for COL1A1, COL3A1 and matrix metalloproteinase-1, while crocetin increased TIMP-1 mRNA levels in both SSc and normal fibroblasts. Skin and lung fibrosis was induced, and the levels of ET-1 in the plasma, skin and lungs were elevated in bleomycin-injected mice. Crocetin alleviated the thickening of the dermis and lung fibrosis; decreased COL1A1 mRNA levels in the skin and lung; and simultaneously decreased ET-1 concentrations in the plasma and ET-1 mRNA levels in the skin and lungs of the bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice, especially during the early phase (weeks 1-3). CONCLUSION: Crocetin inhibits cell proliferation, differentiation and collagen production in SSc fibroblasts. Crocetin alleviates skin and lung fibrosis in a bleomycin-induced SSc mouse model, in part due to a reduction in ET-1.

Yinghua, Song; Lubing, Zhu; Ming, Li.

1350-13-01

51

Antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in sclerotic mice. METHODS: Skin fibroblasts that were isolated from three systemic scleroderma (SSc) patients and three healthy subjects were treated with crocetin (0.1, 1 or 10 ?M). Cell proliferation [...] was measured with an MTT assay. Alpha-smooth muscle actin was detected via an immunohistochemical method. Alpha 1 (I) procollagen (COL1A1), alpha 1 (III) procollagen (COL3A1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 mRNA levels were measured using real-time PCR. SSc mice were established by the subcutaneous injection of bleomycin. Crocetin (50 mg/kg/d) was injected intraperitoneally for 14 days. Dermal thickness and lung fibrosis were assessed with Masson's trichrome staining. Plasma ET-1 was detected with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Skin and lung ET-1 and COL1A1 mRNA levels were measured via real-time PCR. RESULTS: Crocetin inhibited the proliferation of SSc and normal fibroblasts, an effect that increased with crocetin concentration and incubation time. Crocetin decreased the expression of ?-SMA and the levels of mRNA for COL1A1, COL3A1 and matrix metalloproteinase-1, while crocetin increased TIMP-1 mRNA levels in both SSc and normal fibroblasts. Skin and lung fibrosis was induced, and the levels of ET-1 in the plasma, skin and lungs were elevated in bleomycin-injected mice. Crocetin alleviated the thickening of the dermis and lung fibrosis; decreased COL1A1 mRNA levels in the skin and lung; and simultaneously decreased ET-1 concentrations in the plasma and ET-1 mRNA levels in the skin and lungs of the bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice, especially during the early phase (weeks 1-3). CONCLUSION: Crocetin inhibits cell proliferation, differentiation and collagen production in SSc fibroblasts. Crocetin alleviates skin and lung fibrosis in a bleomycin-induced SSc mouse model, in part due to a reduction in ET-1.

Yinghua, Song; Lubing, Zhu; Ming, Li.

52

Delayed presentation of Morel-Lavallee lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Closed degloving skin lesions of the limbs are uncommon, and diagnosis may be missed at the time of acute trauma. Usually, they are associated with pelvic fractures but may occur in absence of any bony injury. When this closed internal degloving occurs over the greater trochanter, it is known as a Morel-Lavallee lesion. We report a case of unusually delayed presentation of Morel-Lavallee lesion treated successfully by debridement, packing, and delayed closure. PMID:25028236

Jameel, Javed; Kumar, Sandeep; Zahid, Mohd; Ahmad, Sohail

2014-07-01

53

The detection of sclerotic changes of the coronaries and heart valves by scanning beams (ultrafast computed tomography using EVOLUTION)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the advent of ultrafast computed tomography the range of diagnostic procedures for the quantitative determination of pathological changes in the coronary arteries has been broadened. The calcified coronary plaques found in this study, which in some of the patients were markedly pronounced, gave no immediate clue as to what extent sclerotic changes had already occurred in the coronaries examined. Nor was it possible on the basis of this method to pinpoint the vascular sections showing calcified plaques in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. It may, however, permit careful predictions to be made for patients at a high risk of developing coronary artery disease. Sclerotic changes of the heart values occur with above-average frequency in dialysis patients and may be assessed quantitatively by the method described. The results described show that findings revealed by scanning electron beams may provide indirect information on metabolic processes in patients suffering from chronic ailments. (orig./MG)

54

Modulation of renin angiotensin system predominantly alters sclerotic phenotype of glomeruli in HIVAN.  

Science.gov (United States)

HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is a common complication of HIV-1 infection in patients with African ancestry in general and with APOL1 gene risk variants in particular. Although collapsing glomerulopathy is considered a hallmark of HIVAN, significant numbers of glomeruli in patients with HIVAN also display other variants of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). We propose that collapsed glomeruli as well as glomeruli with other variants of FSGS are manifestations of HIVAN and their prevalence depends on associated host factors. We explored the role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the manifestation of any specific glomerular phenotype in HIVAN. To evaluate the role of the RAS we have used a genetically engineered mouse model of HIVAN (Tg26) with two and four copies of angiotensinogen (Agt) gene (Tg26/Agt2 and Tg26/Agt4). In Tg26/Agt2, 1 out of 6 glomeruli exhibited sclerosed phenotype, whereas 1 out of 25 glomeruli displayed collapsed phenotype; on the other hand, in Tg26/Agt4, 1 out of 3 glomeruli exhibited sclerotic phenotype and only 1 out of 7 glomeruli showed collapsed phenotype. To inhibit the effect of RAS, Tg26/Agt2 were administered captopril, aliskiren, aliskiren plus captopril or aliskiren plus telmisartan by miniosmotic pumps for 4 weeks. In all experimental groups there was a significant reduction in percentage of sclerosed glomeruli and only minimal reduction in collapsed glomeruli compared to normal saline receiving Tg26/Agt2. These findings suggest that the manifestation of the sclerosed phenotype in HIVAN is predominantly dependent on activation of the RAS. PMID:24892944

Plagov, Andrei; Lan, Xiqian; Rai, Partab; Kumar, Dileep; Lederman, Rivka; Rehman, Shabina; Malhotra, Ashwani; Ding, Guohua; Chander, Praveen N; Singhal, Pravin C

2014-12-01

55

Bony exostosis of the atlas with resultant cranial nerve palsy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of tenth and twelfth nerve compression secondary to a bony exostosis of the first cervical vertebra is described. This uncommon phenomenon serves to outline the importance of imaging the course of a cranial nerve when no intracranial abnormality is demonstrable on CT or MRI. The radiologic features of spinal osteochondromas are reviewed. (orig.)

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Bony exostosis of the atlas with resultant cranial nerve palsy  

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A case of tenth and twelfth nerve compression secondary to a bony exostosis of the first cervical vertebra is described. This uncommon phenomenon serves to outline the importance of imaging the course of a cranial nerve when no intracranial abnormality is demonstrable on CT or MRI. The radiologic features of spinal osteochondromas are reviewed. (orig.).

Slavotinek, J.P.; Sage, M.R. (Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park (Australia). Dept. of Radiology); Brophy, B.P. (Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park (Australia). Dept. of Neurosurgery)

1991-10-01

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External bony auditory canal and the tympanic bone  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The external bony auditory canal is morphologically defined as concerns the shape and calibre in successive plane parallel histologic sections of the petrous bone. The sagittal dimensions and structural appearances of the tympanic bone are demonstrated. The morphologic properties defined constitute a basis for the evaluation of the tomographic image formation in this region. (Auth.)

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Supernumerary Bones in the Walls of the Bony Orbit  

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Full Text Available Occurrence of supernumerary bones in the walls of the orbit especially in the medial wall and the roof has beendescribed in the literature. Studies of the prevalence of supernumerary bones in the bony wall of the orbit are scarce in theliterature. Present study was undertaken to find the prevalence of supernumerary bones in the walls of the orbit in acollection of adult Indian skulls.In the present study three hundred and twenty six orbital walls from one hundred and sixty three skulls wereexamined for the presence of the sutural bones. Their location with reference to the sutures in the walls of the orbit andtheir size was noted. The supernumerary bones were found in 25 skulls (15.34 % mainly in the lateral wall (11.04 % and theroof of the orbit (4.29 %. Prevalence of such supernumerary bones in the walls of the bony orbit is of anthropologicalinterest. Many of the bony ossicles were of sufficiently large size, enough to be visualized on lateral skull X-ray and couldeasily be mistaken for fracture of the bony wall of the orbit.

K.Y. Manjunath

2013-01-01

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Association between the proportion of globally sclerotic glomeruli and various morphologic variables and clinical data of IgA nephropathy patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Immunoglobulin A nephropathy is the most common form of glomerular nephropathy among children and young adults.Objectives: To evaluate the possible correlation between the extent of sclerotic glomeruli and various morphologic variables and clinical data of IgA nephropathy (IgAN patients, we conducted an observational study, on 136 IgAN patients’ biopsies.Patients and Methods: Of the 136 patients, 94 (69.1% were male. The mean age of the patients was 37.6 ± 13.4 years. The mean of serum creatinine was 1.94±3.7 mg/dl (median=1.2mg/dl, also mean of proteinuria was 1726±1247 mg/day (median=1500 mg/day. In this study of 14.9±3.7 glomeruli in biopsies, 2.5±3.2 (median=2 were globally sclerotic.Results: In this study we found, significant positive correlation between proportion of globally sclerotic glomeruli and serum creatinine, amount of proteinuria, and also quantity of tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Also, in this study, the association of proportion of globally sclerotic glomeruli with M, E, S and T variables of Oxford classification was significantly positive.Conclusion: We propose firstly that, sclerotic glomeruli reported routinely in the pathology reports of IgA nephropathy patients and secondly we suggest further investigations to possible inclusion of other morphologic variables like proportion of sclerotic glomeruli to Oxford classification of IgAN to widen the scope of this classification.

Nasri Hamid

2012-12-01

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La displasia cemento ósea florida y su diagnóstico diferencial The Florid cemento-bony dysplasia and the differential diagnosis  

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Full Text Available Las lesiones benignas fibro-óseas de los maxilares constituyen un grupo diverso de enfermedades con una característica histológica común: la sustitución de hueso normal por tejido compuesto de colágeno y fibroblastos, con cantidades variables de una sustancia mineral que puede ser de hueso, cemento o ambos. Estas lesiones incluyen la displasia fibrosa, la displasia cemento-ósea en sus variantes: periapical, focal o florida, el cementoma gigantiforme familiar y el fibroma osificante cemento-osificante. La osteomielitis es un proceso inflamatorio agudo o crónico de los espacios medulares o corticales del hueso, que se extiende más allá del sitio inicial de desenvolvimiento. La osteomielitis esclerosante difusa es más frecuente en adultos, principalmente en la mandíbula. Se presenta radiográficamente como una lesión radiopaca difusa adyacente a los dientes, que puede ser multifocal. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir un caso inusual de lesión fibro-ósea, cuyo diagnóstico diferencial se hizo también con la osteomielitis de los maxilares. Se concluyó que las lesiones fibro-óseas benignas, presentaron muchas similitudes con respecto a sus aspectos clínicos, radiográficos e histológicos. Por lo tanto, es fundamental el análisis conjunto de estas informaciones para obtener un diagnóstico definitivo.The benign fibrous-bony lesions are a diverse group of diseases with common features: replacement of normal bone by tissue composed of collagen and fibroblasts, with variable amounts of a mineral substance that could be bone, cement or both. These lesions include the fibrous dysplasia, the periapical cement-bony dysplasia, focal or florid, familiar giant cementoma and ossifying fibroma (cement-ossifying. Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process of medullar or cortical spaces of bone extending beyond the onset site of development. Diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis involves to adults mainly the mandible and radiographically is a diffuse radiopaque lesion adjacent to teeth and could be multifocal. The aim of present paper is to describe an uncommon case of fibrous-bony lesion also diagnosed with maxillary osteomyelitis. We conclude that the above mentioned lesions are very similar regarding its clinical, radiographic and histological features. Thus, it is fundamental the combined analysis of these informations to obtain a definite diagnosis.

Allan Ulisses Carvalho de Melo

2011-09-01

 
 
 
 
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La displasia cemento ósea florida y su diagnóstico diferencial / The Florid cemento-bony dysplasia and the differential diagnosis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las lesiones benignas fibro-óseas de los maxilares constituyen un grupo diverso de enfermedades con una característica histológica común: la sustitución de hueso normal por tejido compuesto de colágeno y fibroblastos, con cantidades variables de una sustancia mineral que puede ser de hueso, cemento [...] o ambos. Estas lesiones incluyen la displasia fibrosa, la displasia cemento-ósea en sus variantes: periapical, focal o florida, el cementoma gigantiforme familiar y el fibroma osificante cemento-osificante. La osteomielitis es un proceso inflamatorio agudo o crónico de los espacios medulares o corticales del hueso, que se extiende más allá del sitio inicial de desenvolvimiento. La osteomielitis esclerosante difusa es más frecuente en adultos, principalmente en la mandíbula. Se presenta radiográficamente como una lesión radiopaca difusa adyacente a los dientes, que puede ser multifocal. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir un caso inusual de lesión fibro-ósea, cuyo diagnóstico diferencial se hizo también con la osteomielitis de los maxilares. Se concluyó que las lesiones fibro-óseas benignas, presentaron muchas similitudes con respecto a sus aspectos clínicos, radiográficos e histológicos. Por lo tanto, es fundamental el análisis conjunto de estas informaciones para obtener un diagnóstico definitivo. Abstract in english The benign fibrous-bony lesions are a diverse group of diseases with common features: replacement of normal bone by tissue composed of collagen and fibroblasts, with variable amounts of a mineral substance that could be bone, cement or both. These lesions include the fibrous dysplasia, the periapica [...] l cement-bony dysplasia, focal or florid, familiar giant cementoma and ossifying fibroma (cement-ossifying). Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process of medullar or cortical spaces of bone extending beyond the onset site of development. Diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis involves to adults mainly the mandible and radiographically is a diffuse radiopaque lesion adjacent to teeth and could be multifocal. The aim of present paper is to describe an uncommon case of fibrous-bony lesion also diagnosed with maxillary osteomyelitis. We conclude that the above mentioned lesions are very similar regarding its clinical, radiographic and histological features. Thus, it is fundamental the combined analysis of these informations to obtain a definite diagnosis.

Allan Ulisses, Carvalho de Melo; Cyntia, Ferreira Ribeiro; Thiago, de Santana Santos; Luciana, Barreto Aguiar; Betsabé, Azevedo Rocha; Paulo, Almeida Júnior; Ricardo Luiz, Cavalcanti Albuquerque Júnior.

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Imaging of the hip and bony pelvis. Techniques and applications  

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This is a comprehensive textbook on imaging of the bony pelvis and hip joint that provides a detailed description of the techniques and imaging findings relevant to this complex anatomical region. In the first part of the book, the various techniques and procedures employed for imaging the pelvis and hip are discussed in detail. The second part of the book documents the application of these techniques to the diverse clinical problems and diseases encountered. Among the many topics addressed are congenital and developmental disorders including developmental dysplasia of the hip, irritable hip and septic arthritis, Perthes' disease and avascular necrosis, slipped upper femoral epiphysis, bony and soft tissue trauma, arthritis, tumours and hip prostheses. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in the field, and a wealth of illustrative material is included. This book will be of great value to musculoskeletal and general radiologists, orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists. (orig.)

Davies, A.M. [Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom). MRI Centre; Johnson, K.J. [Princess of Wales Birmingham Children' s Hospital (United Kingdom); Whitehouse, R.W. (eds.) [Manchester Royal Infirmary (United Kingdom). Dept. of Clinical Radiology

2006-07-01

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The Role of Divided Injections of a Sclerotic Agent over Two Days in Balloon-Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration for Large Gastric Varices  

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Objective To determine the safety and usefulness of a two-tiered approach to balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) as a treatment for large gastric varices after portal hypertension. Materials and Methods 50 patients were studied who underwent B-RTO for gastric varices between October 2004 and October 2011 in our institution. The B-RTO procedure was performed from the right femoral vein and the B-RTO catheter was retained until the following morning. Distribution of sclerotic agents in the gastric varices on fluoroscopy was evaluated in all patients on days 1 and 2. When distribution of sclerotic agents in the gastric varices on day 1 had been none or very scanty even though the volume of the sclerotic agent infused was above the acceptable level, a second infusion was administered on day 2. When distribution was satisfactory, the B-RTO catheter was removed. Results In 8 (16%) patients, little or no sclerotic agent infused on day 1 was distributed in the gastric varices. However, on day 2, sclerotic agents were distributed in all gastric varices. Mean volume of ethanolamine oleate-iopamidol infused on day 1 was 24.6 mL and was 19.4 mL on day 2. Gastric varices were well obliterated with no recurrence. Complications caused by the sclerotic agent such as pulmonary edema or renal insufficiencies were not seen. Conclusion When gastric varices are very large, a strategy involving thrombosis of only the drainage vein on the first day followed by infusing the sclerotic agent on the following day might be effective and feasible. PMID:23690710

Yoshimatsu, Rika; Miura, Hiroshi; Matsumoto, Tomohiro; Hasebe, Terumitsu

2013-01-01

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Computerized axial tomography in traumatic cervical lesions  

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Although plain computerized axial tomography cannot routinely demonstrate the spinal cord, it does provide excellent visualization of the bony outline of the spinal canal and vertebral column. So it should be reasonable to use this technique in cases of cervical traumatic disorders. In this paper we presented 10 cases of cervical traumatic lesions; 3 atlanto-axial dislocation, 2 cervical canal stenosis, 3 OPLL, 1 intramedullary hematoma and 1 C/sub 2/-neurinoma. In some patients neurologic deficits were induced by cervical trauma. Bony lesions appeared more adequately deliniated than intraspinal lesions, however, in some cases intramedullary changes could also be demonstrated. The use of metrizamide with high resolution CT-scanner could improve the usefullness of this technique.

Koyama, Tsunemaro (Ohtsu Municipal Hospital, Shiga (Japan))

1982-08-01

65

Computerized axial tomography in traumatic cervical lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although plain computerized axial tomography cannot routinely demonstrate the spinal cord, it does provide excellent visualization of the bony outline of the spinal canal and vertebral column. So it should be reasonable to use this technique in cases of cervical traumatic disorders. In this paper we presented 10 cases of cervical traumatic lesions; 3 atlanto-axial dislocation, 2 cervical canal stenosis, 3 OPLL, 1 intramedullary hematoma and 1 C2-neurinoma. In some patients neurologic deficits were induced by cervical trauma. Bony lesions appeared more adequately deliniated than intraspinal lesions, however, in some cases intramedullary changes could also be demonstrated. The use of metrizamide with high resolution CT-scanner could improve the usefullness of this technique. (author)

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A rare case of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with paraparesis and multiple osteolytic lesions.  

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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with bone involvement and multiple osteolytic lesions has been commonly reported in pediatric population. Various myeloid and lymphoid malignancies can rarely present with bony lesions. We are reporting an adult female patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who presented with paraparesis and multiple osteolytic lesions in skull initially giving false impression of multiple myeloma. PMID:25332525

Verma, S P; Dubashi, B; Basu, D; Dutta, T K; Kar, R

2014-09-01

67

Bony variations on coronary CT cuts of the paranasal sinuses  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bony variations in the anterior ethmoids may, if severe, play an important role in the development of chronic sinusitis and present the surgeon with added risks during operation. We have, therefore, analysed 390 preoperative CT examinations of the sinuses performed in the coronary plane with respect to the frequency of bone variations. Concha bullosa, increased pneumatisation of the agger nasi, large ethmoidal bullae, Haller's cells and increased pneumatisation of the sphenoid were found with equal frequency in about 20%. The most common variants occurred in the uncinate process (31.5%), less common were paradoxical curve of the middle turbinates (13.3%) and very rare were Onodi cells (1.3%). (orig.)

68

Bio-archaeometric analysis of Francisco Pizarro's bony remains  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The analysis of the bony pieces of the skeleton attributed to the conquer Francisco Pizarro was continued, with the quantitative determinations of the elements Calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Strontium (Sr) and Lead (Pb) evidence graphically the strong contamination by contact with Pb of the pieces of the head and the punctual contamination of some other pieces, with this same element by handling; besides the contamination by Cu in the pieces pertaining to the extremities has been determined. Finally by means of statistical evaluations of the elements Ca, Cu, Zn and Sr the type of diet of the individual in study is determined. (orig.)

69

Computed tomography in bony stenosis of the cervical spinal canal  

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This communication summarizes the author's attempts at evaluation of the cervical spinal canal in cases of localized or generalized spinal stenosis with computed tomography. As the scanner used neither had a tiltable gantry nor a scanogram facility he was forced to develop means to correctly position patients and localize scan levels. CT appears well suited for the evaluation of the dimensions of the cervical spinal canal, although meticulous positioning is of the utmost importance. It is often also the radiographic method which provides the most important diagnostic information in the various disease entities causing bony stenosis of the cervical spinal canal. (Auth.)

70

A case report of odontogenic myxoma with characteristic multilocular lesion  

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Although odontogenic myxoma (OM) has various radiographic appearances, the characteristic features of OM are the multilocular radiolucent lesion, straight bony septa along the margin forming either square or triangular spaces. We present a case of OM in a 25-year old-male patient. Multilocular radiolucent lesion on the left mandible body showed tennis racket appearance. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) showed straight bony septa along the margin and cortical perforation. This CBCT features would have significantly contributed to allowing a diagnosis of OM. We think that this case shows characteristic radiographic features of odontogenic myxoma.

Lee, Byung Do; Lee, Wan; Paeng, Jun Young [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of); Son, Hyun Jin [Department of Pathology, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2009-03-15

71

A case report of odontogenic myxoma with characteristic multilocular lesion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although odontogenic myxoma (OM) has various radiographic appearances, the characteristic features of OM are the multilocular radiolucent lesion, straight bony septa along the margin forming either square or triangular spaces. We present a case of OM in a 25-year old-male patient. Multilocular radiolucent lesion on the left mandible body showed tennis racket appearance. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) showed straight bony septa along the margin and cortical perforation. This CBCT features would have significantly contributed to allowing a diagnosis of OM. We think that this case shows characteristic radiographic features of odontogenic myxoma.

72

Synchronous Bony and Head and Neck Malignancies – A Rare Presentation  

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Full Text Available The incidence of distant metastases in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC is relatively small in comparison to other malignancies and the rate of development of a bony second primary in a patient with HNSCC even smaller. Presence of a second primary adversely impacts the survival and may significantly alter treatment planning . Pulmonary secondaries and second primaries are the most frequent in SCC. A bony second primary in HNSCC is rare and not reported. In this article, we report the case of a patient with oral cavity malignancy that developed osseous second synchronous primary to the distal end of the femur. The diagnosis was made based on x-ray findings, bone scan findings and bone biopsy. We report this case because we believe that a second primary of osteoclastoma at the distal femur along with an oropharyngeal carcinoma has never been reported and to emphasize on the importance of awareness of the possibility of the development of osseous second primaries mimicking osseous metastasis in head and neck cancer, although it is not a common phenomenon.

Vijendra S Shenoy

2014-06-01

73

Lifa Disease: Frictional Dermal Melanosis over Bony Prominences (Clinicopathological Study  

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Full Text Available Background: Lifa disease (Frictional dermal melanosis over bony prominences has been described in Iraq for the first time in 1993, as a new distinctive pigmentary skin condition that followed chronic friction with a body washing agent (lifa during bathing. Objective: To assess this increasingly common problem where still many doctors unaware about its presence especially in other Middle East countries. Patients and Methods: A case series descriptive study done in Departments of Dermatology-Najaf and Baghdad Teaching Hospitals, between March 2007- Oct.2008. Full history and clinical examination were done for all patients including Wood's light examination. Biopsies were taken from 21 patients and sent for hematoxylin-eosin and Congo red stains. Results: Fifty two (49 female and 3 male patients with typical clinical features of lifa disease were studied. The mean age of presentation was 27.92 ± 7.58 years. All patients were slim with prominent bones and low body mass index, used lifa vigorously during bathing.Pigmentation was distributed bilaterally and symmetrically over bony prominences. The most common affected sites were: clavicular areas (67.3% and upper back (42%. Wood's light and histopathological examinations revealed dermal melanosis. No amyloid deposit was detected by using Congo red stain in any patient. Conclusions: Lifa disease is a common distinctive pigmentary disfiguring problem especially among females. The histopathology showed dermal melanosis, and might be confused with other pigmentary problems like macular amyloidosis.

Khalifa E. Sharquie

2012-09-01

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Bony overgrowths and abnormal calcifications about the spine.  

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The common phenomenon of osteophyte formation about the vertebral margins and on the vertebral bodies in certain instances connotes underlying disk degeneration. The classification and mechanism of formation of these bony excrescences are not totally clear in all instances, but there is frequent association with degenerative disk change. Distorted alignment of the spinal column as in scoliosis, and functional demands on the spine, play major roles in these abnormalities. The true degree of anatomic abnormality is greater than can be appreciated on the radiographs. Syndesmophytes are vertically orientated outgrowths of trabecular bone forming in the outer margins of the annulus fibrosus and related to repeated episodes of inflammation and repair. They are classically seen in ankylosing spondylitis and colonic spondyloarthropathy. Bulky paravertebral excrescences are more likely to be found in psoriatic arthritis and Reiter's syndrome. Other bony excrescences in the spine were also discussed. OPLL is a progressive disease that can result in severe radicular and myelopathic symptoms. Although OPLL appears to have an unexplained predilection for Asians, it affects all races. Classically diagnosed on lateral radiographs of the cervical spine, it is best imaged with CT. Proper evaluation of the extent of the entire ossified mass and its effect on the spinal cord is crucial in the planning of adequate therapy. PMID:3140288

Jones, M D; Pais, M J; Omiya, B

1988-11-01

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The skull base: tumoral lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many lesions occur in the anterior, central and posterior skull base. In order to detect and characterise them, one has to apply the best imaging technique. Today MR is the preferred technique, and the use of CT is more and more restricted to evaluate the presence of calcifications and involvement of thin bony walls, foramina and fissures. However, MR is only superior when the right sequences and imaging planes are used. Many lesions can be characterised by their specific signal intensity on different sequences and by their location. Nevertheless some lesions can only be characterised after biopsy. The purpose of imaging in skull base tumours remains in the first place the evaluation of the exact tumour extent, and this is again best achieved with MR. In this paper the imaging technique and the most frequent skull base tumours are discussed. (orig.)

76

Imaging pattern of calvarial lesions in adults  

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Calvarial lesions often present themselves as clinically silent findings on skull radiographs or as palpable masses that may cause localized pain or soreness. This review aims to explore the radiographic, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of calvarial neoplastic, inflammatory, and congenital lesions that are common in adults in order to facilitate a structured approach to their diagnosis and limit the differential diagnosis. In addition to reviewing the literature, we reviewed the records of 141 patients of the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital with radiologically documented calvarial lesions between 2001 and June 2009. CT is ideal for detecting bony lesions and is helpful in precisely localizing a lesion pre-surgically. MRI is best at identifying intradiploic lesions before they affect the cortical tables and is able to establish extraosseous involvement, especially when paramagnetic contrast is employed. (orig.)

Garfinkle, Jarred; Melancon, Denis; Cortes, Maria; Tampieri, Donatella [Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital-McGill University Health Center, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

2011-10-15

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Inverted 'V' osteotomy excision arthroplasty for bony ankylosed elbows  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Bony ankylosis of elbow is challenging and difficult problem to treat. The options are excision arthroplasty and total elbow replacement. We report our midterm results on nine patients, who underwent inverted 'V' osteotomy excision arthroplasty in our hospital with good functional results. Materials Our case series includes 9 patients (seven males and two females with the mean age of 34 years (13-56 years. Five patients had trauma, two had pyogenic arthritis, one had tuberculous arthritis, and one had pyogenic arthritis following surgical fixation. Results The average duration of follow up is 65 months (45 months-80 months. The mean Mayo's elbow performance score (MEPS preoperatively was 48 (35-70. The MEPS at final follow up was 80 (60-95. With no movement at elbow and fixed in various degrees of either flexion or extension preoperatively, the mean preoperative position of elbow was 64°(30°to 100°. The mean post operative range of motion at final follow up was 27°of extension (20-500, 116°of flexion (1100-1300, and the arc of motion was 88°(800-1000. One patient had ulnar nerve neuropraxia and another patient developed median nerve neuropraxia, and both recovered completely in six weeks. No patient had symptomatic instability of the elbow. All patients were asymptomatic except one patient, who had pain mainly on heavy activities. Conclusion We conclude that inverted 'V' osteotomy excision arthroplasty is a viable option in the treatment of bony ankylosis of the elbow in young patients.

Rex Chadrabose

2011-12-01

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Imaging of painful solitary lesions of the sacrum  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: In patients with sacral pain, the painful symptoms may be caused by a variety of bony and soft tissue lesions. Benign lesions include giant cell tumour, neurogenic tumour, insufficiency fracture, infection and giant bone island. Malignant lesions include primary bone tumours, Ewing sarcoma, plasmacytoma, lymphoma and chordoma. Soft tissue tumours adjacent to or involving the sacrum may cause painful symptoms. A multimodality approach to imaging is required for full assessment of these lesions. This pictorial essay describes a range of common solitary sacral lesions that may cause pain, with emphasis on imaging features

79

Subperiostial and intracortical aneurysmal bony cyst - Case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aneurysmal bone cist is infrequent lesion. Subperiostial and intracortical presentation is even more unusual. We saw a patient with a malignant testis tumor, who developed one year later a lesion in humeral diaphysis. The differential diagnostic include a aneurysmal bone cist subperiostial and intracortical

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[Cystic lesion of the calcaneus. Intraosseous lipoma].  

Science.gov (United States)

We report two cases of intraosseous lipoma in the calcaneus of a 38 year old man, complaining about heel pain and a 27 year old woman with no pain. Plain radiographs showed a well-defined cystic lesion in the calcaneus with sclerotic margins. Computed tomography (CT) detected a well-defined, low-density lesion with attenuation values equal to adipose tissue. Magnetic resonance (MR) findings show similar signal intensity with subcutaneous adipose tissue on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images, and STIR-T2 imaging showing low signal intensity with complete suppression indicating the presence of normal fat. As a result, at first intraosseous lipomas could only be identified pathologically, but now it is easy to perform radiological diagnosis using MR. PMID:21794416

Revenga Martínez, Marcelino; Bachiller Corral, Francisco Javier; Rubio García, Javier; Muñoz Beltrán, María; Zea Mendoza, Antonio C

2007-05-01

 
 
 
 
81

Study on morphology of subacromial bony spur using three-dimensional computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) is a procedure required for rotator cuff tears and impingement syndrome, but the amount of bone to be removed and range of decompression depend on the surgery performed. We reviewed the morphology of bony spur using three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT). The subjects were 27 cases operated on for rotator cuff tears from October 2008 to July 2009. We took CT images of all cases preoperatively. We classified the morphology of bony spurs into four groups according to size and investigated the characteristics. The bony spur was found to elongate to the coracoid process and show double floor-like configuration inwards. Moreover, when the bony spur size increases, the duration of the disease also increases. In addition, there was a tendency for the size of rotator cuff tears to grow large except in trauma cases. 3DCT can capture the morphological characteristics of subacromial bony spurs and provide useful information in ASD. (author)

82

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Long-Term Outcomes of Sclerotic Graft-versus-Host Disease after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.  

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Sclerotic chronic graft-versus-host disease (sclGVHD) is associated with significant morbidity and a poor quality of life. We reviewed 502 patients diagnosed with chronic GVHD and analyzed the incidence and risk factors of sclGVHD and long-term outcomes and immunosuppressive therapy (IST) cessation in patients with sclGVHD. With a median onset at 18 months the cumulative incidence of sclGVHD was estimated at 22.6% at 5 years (95% confidence interval, 18.6% to 26.8%). Univariate and multivariate analysis identified 2 risk factors for sclGVHD: non-T cell depletion (hazard ratio [HR] 9.09, P longer IST duration in the sclGVHD group compared with the non-sclGVHD group (median 71.6 months versus 62.9 months). In conclusion, T cell depletion and graft source affect the risk of sclGVHD. SclGVHD did not adversely affect long-term outcomes or IST duration. PMID:25042736

Uhm, Jieun; Hamad, Nada; Shin, Elizabeth M; Michelis, Fotios V; Shanavas, Mohamed; Gupta, Vikas; Kuruvilla, John; Lipton, Jeffrey H; Messner, Hans A; Seftel, Matthew; Kim, Dennis Dong Hwan

2014-11-01

83

Effect of the application time of phosphoric acid and self-etch adhesive systems to sclerotic dentin  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the effect of application time on the resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS) and etching pattern of adhesive systems applied on sclerotic dentine. Material and Methods: A total of forty-two bovine incisors had their roots removed. The 1-step self-etch GO (SDI), the 2-step self- [...] etch Adper SE Bond (3MESPE) and the 35% phosphoric acid (3MESPE) from the 2-step etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (3MESPE) were applied on the bovine incisal surfaces according to the manufacturer's instructions or duplicating the recommended conditioning time. After adhesive application, thirty teeth were restored with composite resin, stored for 24 h in distilled water at 37°C, and sectioned into resin-dentin bonded sticks (0.8 mm 2 ) and tested according to the µTBS at 0.5 mm/min. The etching pattern of the remaining twelve teeth (n=4 for each material) was examined under scanning electron microscopy. Each tooth was divided into a buccal-to-lingual direction into three thirds, and each third randomly assigned to the groups: control (no treatment), according to the manufacturers' instructions and duplicating the recommended application time. The µTBS and the relative percentage of the tubule area opening were evaluated by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests (?=0.05). Results: The duplication of the conditioning time favored only the GO adhesive (p

Alexandra Patricia, Mena-Serrano; Eugenio Jose, Garcia; Miguel Munoz, Perez; Gislaine Cristine, Martins; Rosa Helena Miranda, Grande; Alessandro Dourado, Loguercio; Alessandra, Reis.

2013-04-01

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The bony labyrinth of the early platyrrhine primate Chilecebus.  

Science.gov (United States)

We document the morphology of the bony labyrinth of Chilecebus carrascoensis, one of the best preserved early platyrrhines known, based on high resolution CT scanning and 3D digital reconstruction. The cochlea is low and conical in form, as in other anthropoids, but has only 2.5 spiral turns. When the allometric relationship with body mass is considered, cochlear size is similar to that in extant primates. The relative size of the semicircular canals, which is well within the range of other primates, indicates that Chilecebus carrascoensis was probably not as agile in its locomotion as other small-bodied platyrrhines such as Leontopithecus rosalia, Saguinus oedipus, and Callithrix jacchus, but it probably was not a suspensory acrobat or a slow climber. The proportion, shape, and orientation of the semicircular canals in Chilecebus carrascoensis also mirror that typically seen in extant primates. However, no single variable can be used for predicting the locomotor pattern in Chilecebus carrascoensis. Based on Principle Component Analysis (PCA) scores we calculated rescaled Euclidean distances for various taxa; primates with similar locomotor patterns tend to share shorter distances. Results for Chilecebus carrascoensis underscore its general resemblance to living quadrupedal primate taxa, but it is not positioned especially near any single living taxon. PMID:20952046

Ni, Xijun; Flynn, John J; Wyss, André R

2010-12-01

85

First histologically confirmed case of a classic chordoma arising in a precursor benign notochordal lesion: differential diagnosis of benign and malignant notochordal lesions  

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The first histologically confirmed case of a classic chordoma arising in a precursor benign notochordal lesion is presented and the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant notochordal lesions is discussed. A 57-year-old man presented with a classic chordoma in the coccyx. The resected specimen demonstrated a small intraosseous benign notochordal lesion in the coccyx, which was adjacent to the classic chordoma. Also seen were two separate, similar benign lesions in the sacrum. The classic chordoma consisted of multiple lobules that were separated by thin fibrous septa and that showed cords or strands of atypical physaliphorous cells set within an abundant myxoid matrix. In contrast, the benign lesions consisted of intraosseous sheets of bland physaliphorous cells without any extracellular matrix. The affected bone trabeculae showed sclerotic reactions. It was concluded that benign and malignant notochordal lesions can be distinguished microscopically. (orig.)

Yamaguchi, Takehiko [Department of Anatomic and Diagnostic Pathology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Mibu, Tochigi (Japan); Yamato, Minoru [Department of Radiology, International Catholic Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Saotome, Koichi [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Mibu, Tochigi (Japan)

2002-07-01

86

First histologically confirmed case of a classic chordoma arising in a precursor benign notochordal lesion: differential diagnosis of benign and malignant notochordal lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The first histologically confirmed case of a classic chordoma arising in a precursor benign notochordal lesion is presented and the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant notochordal lesions is discussed. A 57-year-old man presented with a classic chordoma in the coccyx. The resected specimen demonstrated a small intraosseous benign notochordal lesion in the coccyx, which was adjacent to the classic chordoma. Also seen were two separate, similar benign lesions in the sacrum. The classic chordoma consisted of multiple lobules that were separated by thin fibrous septa and that showed cords or strands of atypical physaliphorous cells set within an abundant myxoid matrix. In contrast, the benign lesions consisted of intraosseous sheets of bland physaliphorous cells without any extracellular matrix. The affected bone trabeculae showed sclerotic reactions. It was concluded that benign and malignant notochordal lesions can be distinguished microscopically. (orig.)

87

Effect of the application time of phosphoric acid and self-etch adhesive systems to sclerotic dentin  

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Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the effect of application time on the resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS and etching pattern of adhesive systems applied on sclerotic dentine. Material and Methods: A total of forty-two bovine incisors had their roots removed. The 1-step self-etch GO (SDI, the 2-step self-etch Adper SE Bond (3MESPE and the 35% phosphoric acid (3MESPE from the 2-step etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (3MESPE were applied on the bovine incisal surfaces according to the manufacturer's instructions or duplicating the recommended conditioning time. After adhesive application, thirty teeth were restored with composite resin, stored for 24 h in distilled water at 37°C, and sectioned into resin-dentin bonded sticks (0.8 mm 2 and tested according to the µTBS at 0.5 mm/min. The etching pattern of the remaining twelve teeth (n=4 for each material was examined under scanning electron microscopy. Each tooth was divided into a buccal-to-lingual direction into three thirds, and each third randomly assigned to the groups: control (no treatment, according to the manufacturers' instructions and duplicating the recommended application time. The µTBS and the relative percentage of the tubule area opening were evaluated by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests (?=0.05. Results: The duplication of the conditioning time favored only the GO adhesive (p<0.05. Both application methods significantly increased the tubule area opening (p<0.05 compared to the controls. Conclusions: The efficacy of duplicating the conditioning time was only effective for the 1-step self-etch adhesive system tested.

Alexandra Patricia Mena-Serrano

2013-04-01

88

Algodystrophy in children and young adults with isotopic bony hypofixation. A propos of 5 observations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report 5 observations of young adults 3 teen-agers and 2 children suffering from algodystrophy, and in whom isotopic exploration of the skeleton disclosed a clear bony hypofixation during the entire evolution. These observations confirm their 1981 work concerning a young adult suffering from algodystrophy with isotopic bony hypofixation. Recent Canadian and American studies emphasize also the frequency of isotopic hypofixation in children algodystrophy. It seems, therefore, that isotopic bony hypofixation (linked perhaps to a decreased blood flow), is rather specific of algodystrophy in young subjects

89

The paediatric wrist revisited - findings of bony depressions in healthy children on radiographs compared to MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The presence of erosions is used for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Assessment of carpal bone erosions in children is challenging due to lack of normal references. To define normal appearances of bony depressions in the wrist on radiographs and MRI. MRI and radiography of the wrist were performed in 88 healthy children, 5-15 years of age. We assessed the number of bony depressions within the carpals/proximal metacarpals on both modalities, separately and combined. A total of 75 carpal depressions were identified on radiography compared to 715 on MRI. The number of bony depressions identified radiographically showed no statistically significant difference across age-groups. Within the metacarpals, there was no significant difference between bony depressions identified by MRI or radiography, except at the bases of the second metacarpal. Bony depressions that resemble erosions are normal findings in the wrist in children. MRI identifies more depressions than radiographs in the carpus. Some bony depressions occur at typical locations and should be accounted for when assessing the wrist in JIA to avoid overstaging. (orig.)

90

The paediatric wrist revisited - findings of bony depressions in healthy children on radiographs compared to MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The presence of erosions is used for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Assessment of carpal bone erosions in children is challenging due to lack of normal references. To define normal appearances of bony depressions in the wrist on radiographs and MRI. MRI and radiography of the wrist were performed in 88 healthy children, 5-15 years of age. We assessed the number of bony depressions within the carpals/proximal metacarpals on both modalities, separately and combined. A total of 75 carpal depressions were identified on radiography compared to 715 on MRI. The number of bony depressions identified radiographically showed no statistically significant difference across age-groups. Within the metacarpals, there was no significant difference between bony depressions identified by MRI or radiography, except at the bases of the second metacarpal. Bony depressions that resemble erosions are normal findings in the wrist in children. MRI identifies more depressions than radiographs in the carpus. Some bony depressions occur at typical locations and should be accounted for when assessing the wrist in JIA to avoid overstaging. (orig.)

Avenarius, Derk M.F.; Eldevik, Petter [University Hospital North Norway, Department of Radiology, Tromsoe (Norway); Ording Mueller, Lil-Sofie [University Hospital North Norway, Department of Radiology, Tromsoe (Norway); Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Owens, Catherine M. [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); University College London, Institute of Child Health, London (United Kingdom); Rosendahl, Karen [Haukeland University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bergen (Norway); University of Bergen, Department of Surgical Sciences, Bergen (Norway); Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom)

2012-07-15

91

Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (Nora's Lesion) of the Hand: A Report of Two Atypical Cases  

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Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP), also called Nora's lesion, is an unusual, benign, bony lesion frequently found in the hand. Originally, two of the key radiological features used to describe such lesions were: (1) a lack of corticomedullar continuity and (2) an origin from the periosteal aspect of an intact cortex. The authors present 2 unique cases of histologically proven BPOP in which the integrity of the cortex was affected. In the first case there was medullary ...

Barrera-ochoa, Sergi; Lluch, Alex; Gargallo-margarit, Albert; Pe?rez, Manuel; Ve?lez, Roberto

2012-01-01

92

Microendoscopic discectomy for lumbar disc herniation with bony fragment due to apophyseal separation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the feasibility of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation with a bony fragment due to apophyseal separation. Eighteen patients with low back pain and unilateral sciatic pain due to lumbar disc herniation with a bony fragment were treated by MED using the unilateral approach (15 males and three females; mean age, of 28.9 years; mean follow-up period, 21.1 months); 18 age-and sex-matched patients with lumbar disc herniation without a bony fragment treated by MED served as the control group. The clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Japanese Orthopedic Association Score for Low Back Pain (JOA scores; maximum score, 29 points). Evaluation of the results revealed that good surgical outcomes equivalent to those in the control group were obtained in the subjects of LDH with a bony fragment (JOA scores; 14.1+/-3.5 in the patient group vs.15.4+/-2.6 in the control group before surgery; 26.3+/-1.8 in the patient group vs. 26.9+/-1.3 at follow-up after the surgery). Although the mean surgical time was significantly longer in the patient group, there were no intra- or postoperative complications in either group. We conclude that MED using the unilateral approach is a feasible minimally invasive surgical option for patients of lumbar disc herniation with an apophyseal bony fragment. PMID:18210355

Matsumoto, M; Watanabe, K; Tuji, T; Ishii, K; Takaishi, H; Nakamura, M; Chiba, K; Toyama, Y

2007-12-01

93

Odontoclastic resorptive lesions in a dog.  

Science.gov (United States)

We found odontoclastic resorptive lesions on premolars and molars in a 4- year-old miniature dachshund. The teeth had been extracted because the dentin was resorbed. In some teeth, the roots had been replaced by hard tissue, and so we amputated the crowns and curetted roots and alveolar bone. Histopathological examination revealed that the dentin was resorbed by odontoclasts and was replaced with bony tissue. Ten months later we found resorptive lesions in other teeth, and we treated them along with the first treatment. At the time of writing, since this is the first report of a dog with the same lesion in other teeth after the first treatment, we hope to establish better treatment and prevention methods. PMID:18250581

Yoshikawa, Hiroto; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Ozawa, Tsuyoshi

2008-01-01

94

Bone Scintigraphy and Panoramic Radiography in Deciding the Extent of Bone Resection in Benign Jaw Lesions  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To find out the value of correlating radiographic and scintigraphic imaging for defining the extent and nature of benign jaw lesions (BJL). Material and Methods: Twenty patients with histologically proven benign lesions of the jaws were investigated pre-operatively by panoramic radiography (PR) and bone scintigraphy (BS). To test the efficacy of combination of these two imaging modalities, their results were compared with intra-operative and histopathological findings. Result: Most of the benign lesions presented radiographically as well-defined bone destructions with fine sclerotic rims. Such lesions were found to be silent on scintigraphs and the extent of radionuclide uptake was same as radiographically visible extent of bone involvement. However, aggressive lesions showed ill-defined bone destructions without sclerotic rims on radiographs and their scintigraphic uptake correctly exceeded the radiographic extent of the bone involvement. Conclusion: The efficacy of combination of both complementary imagings is rewarding in defining the extent of the BJL, especially when radiographic margins are not so well defined. So, that surgical excisions will be complete and the possibility recurrences is reduced. PMID:24298527

Jamdade, Anshuman; John, Ani

2013-01-01

95

MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension [...] and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo spin echo (PDW TSE) and proton density weighted turbo spin echo fat saturation (PDW TSE FS) sequences of four cases of cyclops lesions, and distinguish between the MRI findings of large and small lesions. We also describe a cyclops lesion after a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, not described in literature before.

C, Minné; MD, Velleman; FE, Suleman.

96

MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension [...] and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo spin echo (PDW TSE) and proton density weighted turbo spin echo fat saturation (PDW TSE FS) sequences of four cases of cyclops lesions, and distinguish between the MRI findings of large and small lesions. We also describe a cyclops lesion after a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, not described in literature before.

C, Minné; MD, Velleman; FE, Suleman.

2012-04-01

97

Association between condylar morphology and changes in bony microstructure and subsynovial inflammation in experimental temporomandibular joint arthritis.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Association between condylar morphology and changes in bony microstructure and subsynovial inflammation in experimental temporomandibular joint arthritis. 86. Congress of the European Orthodontic Society, Slovenien, 2010.

Kristensen, Kasper Dahl; Hauge, Ellen Margrethe

98

Melorheostosis of the hand with complicating bony spur formation and bursal inflammation: diagnosis and treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 37-year old woman presented with intolerable pain associated with a slowly growing mass on the dorsum of the right hand. The radiographs were characteristic of melorheostosis involving the third and fourth metacarpals, with a cortical bony projection extending from the base of the third metacarpal eroding slightly into the fourth metacarpal, associated with bursal formation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an inflamed bursal collection adjacent to the spur. This region corresponded to the patient's severe clinical, focal pain. To our knowledge, this is the first case report in which melorheostosis of the hand has been associated with bony spur formation and complicated by an inflamed bursa. (orig.)

99

Nora's lesion: bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation of the tibia  

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Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation is a rare benign condition of locally aggressive and often recurrent osteochondromatous exostosis arising from the bony cortex. We present a case of a patient who presented with this lesion in her tibia, focusing on imaging findings. Because of the lack of information on the disease's natural history, etiology, and clinical course, a multidisciplinary approach is needed for diagnosis and treatment.

Kershen, L. Michael; Schucany, William G.; Gilbert, Nathan F.

2012-01-01

100

[Remote course of bony cysts in children and adolescents].  

Science.gov (United States)

The author, who in 1955 had published a thesis on the remote results of the treatment of bone cysts on children and teenagers, decided to go back to that subject 30 years later. He was able to gather 203 observations (mostly from Paris Hospitals) followed up for at least 2 years (some of them for more than 30 years) and in 15 of those cases no treatment had been undergone. The pathogenesis of the bone cyst is still unknown, but there are obvious connections between the cystic socket and the vascular metaphysis. Rigault and Padovani had the opportunity to observe, during some injections of contrasting preparation in the humeral cysts that the liquid went quickly into the auxiliary venous system. The bone cysts appear in the spongy tissue of bone metaphysis in full movement. The author thinks that the cystic sockets are made by the gathering of osteolytic bubbles and that the protrusions inside the bone are nothing, but the former limits of those bubbles. The evolution does not always follow the classical pattern and one can often observe--in particular in the humeral localisation--lytic outbreaks on a cyst which growth seemed stationary or on the way of recovery. Those outbreaks with specific evolution bring about either an extension of the socket or the appearance of a new geode. The recovery (total or partial) usually comes after septation of the cavity. It is only at the end of the growth that one can be sure of the stabilization of the remaining lesions. As for the spontaneous disappearance of the cavity, it can take years. Considering the ever encouraging evolution of the bone cysts, one must always be very careful in judging the efficacy of the different treatments that are recommended. The different traumatisms (fractures, surgery or corticoids) bring forth perturbations in the bone socket, according to a pattern that we do not know well. The result is often paradoxical: one bone cyst which was apparently stabilized will awake and spread; another, partially cured after a surgery will have to wait for a fracture of the remaining cavity to disappear completely; other bone cysts which the injections of corticoids have failed to cure will recover after a curettage or vice-versa. Every method, included the bone resections used in some localisations (fibula) can fail.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:4064229

Lefranc, J

1985-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Comparison of megavoltage position verification for prostate irradiation based on bony anatomy and implanted fiducials  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The patient position during radiotherapy treatment of prostate cancer can be verified with the help of portal images acquired during treatment. In this study we quantify the clinical consequences of the use of image-based verification based on the bony anatomy and the prostate target itself. Patients and methods: We analysed 2025 portal images and 23 computed tomography (CT) scans from 23 patients with prostate cancer. In all patients gold markers were implanted prior to CT scanning. Statistical data for both random and systematic errors were calculated for displacements of bones and markers and we investigated the effectiveness of an off-line correction protocol. Results: Standard deviations for systematic marker displacement are 2.4 mm in the lateral (LR) direction, 4.4 mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction and 3.7 mm in the caudal-cranial direction (CC). Application of off-line position verification based on the marker positions results in a shrinkage of the systematic error to well below 1 mm. Position verification based on the bony anatomy reduces the systematic target uncertainty to 50% in the AP direction and in the LR direction. No reduction was observed in the CC direction. For six out of 23 patients we found an increase of the systematic error after application of bony anatomy-based position verification. Conclusions: We show that even if correction based on the bony anatomy is applied, considerable margins have to be set to account for organ motion. Our study highlights that for individual patients the systematic error can increase after application of bony anatomy-based position verification, whereas the population standard deviation will decrease. Off-line target-based position verification effectively reduces the systematic error to well below 1 mm, thus enabling significant margin reduction

102

Prostate position relative to pelvic bony anatomy based on intraprostatic gold markers and electronic portal imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To describe the relative positions and motions of the prostate, pelvic bony anatomy, and intraprostatic gold fiducial markers during daily electronic portal localization of the prostate. Methods and Materials: Twenty prostate cancer patients were treated supine with definitive external radiotherapy according to an on-line target localization protocol using three or four intraprostatic gold fiducial markers and an electronic portal imaging device. Daily pretherapy and through-treatment electronic portal images (EPIs) were obtained for each of four treatment fields. The patients' pelvic bony anatomy, intraprostatic gold markers, and a best visual match to the target (i.e., prostate) were identified on simulation digitally reconstructed radiographs and during daily treatment setup and delivery. These data provided quantitative inter- and intrafractional analysis of prostate motion, its position relative to the bony anatomy, and the individual intraprostatic fiducial markers. Treatment planning margins, with and without on-line localization, were subsequently compared. Results: A total of 22,266 data points were obtained from daily pretherapy and through-treatment EPIs. The pretherapy three-dimensional (3D) average displacement of the fiducial markers, as a surrogate for the prostate, was 5.6 mm, which improved to 2.8 mm after use of the localization protocol. The bony anatomy 3D average displacement was 4.4 mm both before and after localization to the prostate (p = 0.46). Along the superior-inferior (SI), anterior-posterior (AP), and right-left (RL) axes, the average prostate displacement improved from 2.5, 3.7, and 1.9 mm, respectively, before localization to 1.4, 1.6, and 1.1 mm after (all p < 0.001). The pretherapy to through-treatment position of the bony landmarks worsened from 1.7 to 2.5 mm (p < 0.001) in the SI axis, remained statistically unchanged at 2.8 mm (p = 0.39) in the AP axis, and improved from 2.0 to 1.2 mm in the RL axis (p < 0.001). There was no significant intrafractional displacement of prostate position or bony anatomic landmarks. An intermarker distance was identified for all fiducial markers, and 96 were followed daily. Seventy-nine percent had a standard deviation of <1 mm, and 96% were <1.5 mm. Margins were 5.1, 7.3, and 5.0 mm in the SI, AP, and RL axes, respectively, before localization and 2.7, 2.9, and 2.8 mm after localization. Conclusions: Significant interfractional motion exists for patients' prostate and pelvic bony anatomy. However, these move independently, so the pelvic bony anatomy should not be used as a surrogate for prostate motion. Fiducial markers are stable within the prostate and allow significant margin reduction when used for on-line localization of the prostate

103

Medial depression with bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation: CT evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the incidence and CT findings of the medial depression and bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation. 1472 PNS CTs of the patients with symptoms of chronic sinusitis were retrospectively evaluated. The total incidence of depressed lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation was 3.5%(52/1472) on PNS CT. There was a statistically significant correlation between the increasing age and the incidence of depressed lamina papyracea. Depression of lamina papyracea anterior to the basal lamella were more common than those of the posterior depression. Associated findings were herniation of adjacent fatty tissue in all cases and the medial bowing and hypertrophied configuration of the medial rectus muscle without significant herniation in 19 cases(34%). Nontraumatic, asymptomatic depression with bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation is not uncommon with the incidence of 3.5%. Recognition of its existence and degree may be helpful in avoiding various ocular complication during ethmoid surgery

104

A case of atlas assimilation: description of bony and soft structures.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of atlas assimilation revealed during serial study of suboccipital region is presented. The specimen was harvested from the body of 31-year-old woman. Images of the computed tomography scans are correlated with classic dissection. Asymmetrical bony assimilation is accompanied by asymmetrical development of the suboccipital musculature. In the presented case, the atlantic segments of both vertebral arteries preserved their usual course between bony elements derived from the atlas and proatlas. Development of the soft tissues must be influenced by similar factors as development of the skeleton. Detailed radiologic studies, possibly with volumetric reconstructions, are necessary in cases of atlas assimilation before surgical interventions in the region of craniovertebral junction. PMID:24240817

Cio?kowski, Maciej K; Krajewski, Pawe?; Ciszek, Bogdan

2014-10-01

105

Complete bony coalition of the talus and navicular: decades of discomfort.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tarsal coalition is a congenital disturbance of hindfoot development. Talonavicular coalition is among the rarest forms of aberrant bony union of the tarsus. It frequently occurs bilaterally and in association with a number of skeletal deformities. Some patients are asymptomatic and the anomaly is discovered incidentally on plain radiographs. For others, a troublesome bony prominence will be the principle complaint and in a small proportion of patients marked foot and ankle pain with activity will prove debilitating. The authors describe the case of a 54-year-old male with bilateral foot pain spanning for nearly two decades. Symptom onset was insidious and at the time of presentation, he was limited to 10-15 min of mobilisation on flat ground. PMID:22691945

Bryson, David; Uzoigwe, Chika Edward; Bhagat, Shaishav B; Menon, Dipen K

2011-01-01

106

Observations on the bony bridging of the jugular foramen in man.  

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The anatomical nature and pattern of incidence of bony bridging of the jugular foramen was investigated using 64 fetal crania aged nine months to term and 222 adult crania of Japanese. In addition, the region of the jugular foramen of an adult cadaver was carefully dissected in order to clarify the relationship between the cranial nerves passing through the jugular foramen and the intrajugular processes of the jugular foramen. The general conclusions concerning the anatomical nature of the bo...

Dodo, Y.

1986-01-01

107

Treatment of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer by Samarium 153 (Quadramet)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: SUMMARY. Introduction: Despite of the progress realized in the treatment of prostatic cancer, the appearance of bony metastasis had limited considerably the life expectancy. In that case, pain is the most important symptom to consider because of its most frequency and the most difficult to manage. Its management needs a multidisciplinary approach with the objective of improving patients' life quality. Aim: The objective of the study was to evaluate the interest of metabolic radiotherapy to 153Samarium-EDTMP, for the pain treatment of bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. Material and method: This was a multicentric study where data were collected retrospectively lasting 40 months. The study was conducted in three departments of nuclear medicine: Institute Salah Azaiez, the center 'CERU', and military hospital of Tunis. Forty five patients with painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer had been enrolled in the study. Efficacy and factors influencing treatment response had been assessed as well as toxicity and the cause of failures. Results: Positive response was obtained in 92.1% of cases and response was completed in 36.5% of cases. Results obtained after multiple administrations of treatment, showed that the cures could be repeated and could have results comparable to the first cure. The efficacy of our treatment is at least equivalent to the one obtained by the other methods of treatment, with very rare adverse events. The only toxicity was a hematological disorder that is usually moderated and reversible as well with complete recovery in around 8 weeks. Conclusion: Our results supported the efficacy of 'Samarium 153-EDTMP' in the management of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. (author)

108

Knee joint secondary motion accuracy improved by quaternion-based optimizer with bony landmark constraints.  

Science.gov (United States)

Skin marker-based motion analysis has been widely used in biomechanical studies and clinical applications. Unfortunately, the accuracy of knee joint secondary motions is largely limited by the nonrigidity nature of human body segments. Numerous studies have investigated the characteristics of soft tissue movement. Utilizing these characteristics, we may improve the accuracy of knee joint motion measurement. An optimizer was developed by incorporating the soft tissue movement patterns at special bony landmarks into constraint functions. Bony landmark constraints were assigned to the skin markers at femur epicondyles, tibial plateau edges, and tibial tuberosity in a motion analysis algorithm by limiting their allowed position space relative to the underlying bone. The rotation matrix was represented by quaternion, and the constrained optimization problem was solved by Fletcher's version of the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization technique. The algorithm was validated by using motion data from both skin-based markers and bone-mounted markers attached to fresh cadavers. By comparing the results with the ground truth bone motion generated from the bone-mounted markers, the new algorithm had a significantly higher accuracy (root-mean-square (RMS) error: 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in axial rotation and 0.4 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus) in estimating the knee joint secondary rotations than algorithms without bony landmark constraints (RMS error: 1.7 ± 0.4 deg in axial rotation and 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus). Also, it predicts a more accurate medial-lateral translation (RMS error: 0.4 ± 0.1 mm) than the conventional techniques (RMS error: 1.2 ± 0.2 mm). The new algorithm, using bony landmark constrains, estimates more accurate secondary rotations and medial-lateral translation of the underlying bone. PMID:21142329

Wang, Hongsheng; Zheng, Naiqaun Nigel

2010-12-01

109

Directed Bmp4 expression in neural crest cells generates a genetic model for the rare human bony syngnathia birth defect.  

Science.gov (United States)

Congenital bony syngnathia, a rare but severe human birth defect, is characterized by bony fusion of the mandible to the maxilla. However, the genetic mechanisms underlying this birth defect are poorly understood, largely due to limitation of available animal models. Here we present evidence that transgenic expression of Bmp4 in neural crest cells causes a series of craniofacial malformations in mice, including a bony fusion between the maxilla and hypoplastic mandible, resembling the bony syngnathia syndrome in humans. In addition, the anterior portion of the palatal shelves emerged from the mandibular arch instead of the maxilla in the mutants. Gene expression assays showed an altered expression of several facial patterning genes, including Hand2, Dlx2, Msx1, Barx1, Foxc2 and Fgf8, in the maxillary and mandibular processes of the mutants, indicating mis-patterned cranial neural crest (CNC) derived cells in the facial region. However, despite of formation of cleft palate and ectopic cartilage, forced expression of a constitutively active form of BMP receptor-Ia (caBmprIa) in CNC lineage did not produce the syngnathia phenotype, suggesting a non-cell autonomous effect of the augmented BMP4 signaling. Our studies demonstrate that aberrant BMP4-mediated signaling in CNC cells leads to mis-patterned facial skeleton and congenital bony syngnathia, and suggest an implication of mutations in BMP signaling pathway in human bony syngnathia. PMID:24785830

He, Fenglei; Hu, Xuefeng; Xiong, Wei; Li, Lu; Lin, Lisong; Shen, Bin; Yang, Ling; Gu, Shuping; Zhang, Yanding; Chen, YiPing

2014-07-15

110

Computed tomographic features of the bony canal of the cochlear nerve in pediatric patients with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diameters of the various bony canals of the inner ear in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and establish criteria for detecting hypoplasia of the bony canal of the cochlear nerve. Measurements obtained in 118 patients without inner ear malformations among 160 patients with unilateral SNHL were analyzed. The diameters of the internal auditory canal and the bony canals of the cochlear, vestibular, and facial nerves were measured on transverse or coronal computed tomographic images. Mean values (±standard deviation (SD)) were compared between the affected and unaffected ears, and statistical analysis was done. The diameter of the bony canal of the cochlear nerve was significantly smaller in affected ears than in unaffected ears (P<0.01). The affected ears could be divided into groups with (72 ears) and without (46 ears) bony canal stenosis. Most (60%) of the patients with unilateral SNHL showed a significant difference in the diameters of the bony canals of the cochlear nerve between the affected and unaffected sides; moreover, the mean value was significantly smaller in affected ears. The diameter of <1.7 mm on transverse images or <1.8 mm on coronal images suggests hypoplasia. (author)

111

The detection of sclerotic changes of the coronaries and heart valves by scanning beams (ultrafast computed tomography using EVOLUTION). Diagnostik von Coronar- und Herzklappenverkalkungen mit dem Elektronenstrahl-CT (Ultrafast-CT, Evolution)  

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With the advent of ultrafast computed tomography the range of diagnostic procedures for the quantitative determination of pathological changes in the coronary arteries has been broadened. The calcified coronary plaques found in this study, which in some of the patients were markedly pronounced, gave no immediate clue as to what extent sclerotic changes had already occurred in the coronaries examined. Nor was it possible on the basis of this method to pinpoint the vascular sections showing calcified plaques in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. It may, however, permit careful predictions to be made for patients at a high risk of developing coronary artery disease. Sclerotic changes of the heart values occur with above-average frequency in dialysis patients and may be assessed quantitatively by the method described. The results described show that findings revealed by scanning electron beams may provide indirect information on metabolic processes in patients suffering from chronic ailments. (orig./MG)

Oldendorf, M. (Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum Nord der Stadt Nuernberg (Germany)); Zeitler, E. (Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum Nord der Stadt Nuernberg (Germany)); Braun, J. (Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum Nord der Stadt Nuernberg (Germany)); Weber, P. (Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum Nord der Stadt Nuernberg (Germany))

1994-02-01

112

Local injection of substance P increases bony formation during mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Substance P is a neuropeptide that is distributed in those sensory nerve fibres that innervate the medullary tissues of bone. It is a potent accelerator of proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts in vitro. However, its capacity for promoting repair of mandibular defects is not known. We have investigated the osteogenic effects of local injections of substance P during mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rats. Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n = 10 in each): substance P 10(-7) mmol/l in normal saline 0.2ml was injected into the experimental group, and saline alone into the controls. The mandibular distraction rate was 0.2mm every 12hours for 10 days. Daily injections of substance P or saline were given during the distraction period. Regeneration of bone was assessed quantitatively on days 15 and 29 using microcomputed tomography (microCT), and histological analysis. The rate of bony union in the group treated with substance P was significantly higher than that in the saline alone group on day 29 (p=0.001) The microCT images and quantitation showed more callus and more mature cortical bone when substance P was given than with control. Histological examination showed that cartilaginous tissues had formed in the middle of the distraction gaps in both groups. Bony bridges were seen only in the substance P group at the final time point (day 29). Injection of substance P into the gap of a rat mandible during mandibular distraction improved formation of good-quality bone and accelerated bony union. PMID:25069690

Zhang, Ya-Bo; Wang, Lei; Jia, Sen; Du, Zhao-Jie; Zhao, Ying-Hua; Liu, Yan-Pu; Lei, De-Lin

2014-10-01

113

Bony fish bycatch in the southern Brazil pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis fishery  

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Full Text Available Trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis catches also large quantities of fish, mostly bony fish, which are discarded, as they have no commercial value. Their composition and abundance were studied in an area that corresponded to the southeastern coastline of Brazil. Ninety one species were registered. Incidental fishing affected mainly small individuals and occured throughout the year. The year round rate of bony fish to shrimp catches was 10,5:1,0. Three assemblages of bony fishes could be identified, influenced by the seasonal variation of the water masses, the predominant group being associated with the Coastal Water, another with the penetration of colder waters onto the platform (SACW and a third group of a more homogenous distribution. The most critical period identified for the bycatch capture was the beginning of the winter, which was due to the overlapping of fish assemblages and the peak of fishing recruitment.A pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão-rosa, captura grande quantidade de peixes, em sua maioria teleósteos, que são rejeitados por não possuírem valor comercial. A composição e abundância destes foram estudadas em uma área no litoral sudeste do Brasil. Registramos 91 espécies e observou-se que a pesca incidental age principalmente sobre indivíduos jovens e ocorre durante o ano todo, produzindo um relação entre teleóteos e camarão de 10,5:1,0. Foram identificadas três ictiocenoses influenciadas pela sazonalidade das massas d'água, ocorrendo uma predominante associada a Água Costeira, outra associada a penetração da ACAS na plataforma e uma terceira com distribuição mais homogênea. O período mais crítico, para a captura da ictiofauna acompanhante, é o inicio do inverno devido a sobreposição de ictiocenoses e pico de recrutamento pesqueiro.

Marcelo Vianna

2005-07-01

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Bony fish bycatch in the southern Brazil pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) fishery  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão-rosa, captura grande quantidade de peixes, em sua maioria teleósteos, que são rejeitados por não possuírem valor comercial. A composição e abundância destes foram estudadas em uma área no litoral sudeste do Brasil. Registramos 91 espécies e observou-se que a [...] pesca incidental age principalmente sobre indivíduos jovens e ocorre durante o ano todo, produzindo um relação entre teleóteos e camarão de 10,5:1,0. Foram identificadas três ictiocenoses influenciadas pela sazonalidade das massas d'água, ocorrendo uma predominante associada a Água Costeira, outra associada a penetração da ACAS na plataforma e uma terceira com distribuição mais homogênea. O período mais crítico, para a captura da ictiofauna acompanhante, é o inicio do inverno devido a sobreposição de ictiocenoses e pico de recrutamento pesqueiro. Abstract in english Trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) catches also large quantities of fish, mostly bony fish, which are discarded, as they have no commercial value. Their composition and abundance were studied in an area that corresponded to the southeastern coastline of Brazil. [...] Ninety one species were registered. Incidental fishing affected mainly small individuals and occured throughout the year. The year round rate of bony fish to shrimp catches was 10,5:1,0. Three assemblages of bony fishes could be identified, influenced by the seasonal variation of the water masses, the predominant group being associated with the Coastal Water, another with the penetration of colder waters onto the platform (SACW) and a third group of a more homogenous distribution. The most critical period identified for the bycatch capture was the beginning of the winter, which was due to the overlapping of fish assemblages and the peak of fishing recruitment.

Marcelo, Vianna; Tabajara, Almeida.

2005-07-01

115

The Tree of Life and a New Classification of Bony Fishes  

Science.gov (United States)

The tree of life of fishes is in a state of flux because we still lack a comprehensive phylogeny that includes all major groups. The situation is most critical for a large clade of spiny-finned fishes, traditionally referred to as percomorphs, whose uncertain relationships have plagued ichthyologists for over a century. Most of what we know about the higher-level relationships among fish lineages has been based on morphology, but rapid influx of molecular studies is changing many established systematic concepts. We report a comprehensive molecular phylogeny for bony fishes that includes representatives of all major lineages. DNA sequence data for 21 molecular markers (one mitochondrial and 20 nuclear genes) were collected for 1410 bony fish taxa, plus four tetrapod species and two chondrichthyan outgroups (total 1416 terminals). Bony fish diversity is represented by 1093 genera, 369 families, and all traditionally recognized orders. The maximum likelihood tree provides unprecedented resolution and high bootstrap support for most backbone nodes, defining for the first time a global phylogeny of fishes. The general structure of the tree is in agreement with expectations from previous morphological and molecular studies, but significant new clades arise. Most interestingly, the high degree of uncertainty among percomorphs is now resolved into nine well-supported supraordinal groups. The order Perciformes, considered by many a polyphyletic taxonomic waste basket, is defined for the first time as a monophyletic group in the global phylogeny. A new classification that reflects our phylogenetic hypothesis is proposed to facilitate communication about the newly found structure of the tree of life of fishes. Finally, the molecular phylogeny is calibrated using 60 fossil constraints to produce a comprehensive time tree. The new time-calibrated phylogeny will provide the basis for and stimulate new comparative studies to better understand the evolution of the amazing diversity of fishes. PMID:23653398

Betancur-R., Ricardo; Broughton, Richard E.; Wiley, Edward O.; Carpenter, Kent; López, J. Andrés; Li, Chenhong; Holcroft, Nancy I.; Arcila, Dahiana; Sanciangco, Millicent; Cureton II, James C; Zhang, Feifei; Buser, Thaddaeus; Campbell, Matthew A.; Ballesteros, Jesus A; Roa-Varon, Adela; Willis, Stuart; Borden, W. Calvin; Rowley, Thaine; Reneau, Paulette C.; Hough, Daniel J.; Lu, Guoqing; Grande, Terry; Arratia, Gloria; Ortí, Guillermo

2013-01-01

116

PET/MR imaging of bone lesions - implications for PET quantification from imperfect attenuation correction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Accurate attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative analysis of PET tracer distribution. In MR, the lack of cortical bone signal makes bone segmentation difficult and may require implementation of special sequences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the need for accurate bone segmentation in MR-based AC for whole-body PET/MR imaging. In 22 patients undergoing sequential PET/CT and 3-T MR imaging, modified CT AC maps were produced by replacing pixels with values of >100 HU, representing mostly bone structures, by pixels with a constant value of 36 HU corresponding to soft tissue, thereby simulating current MR-derived AC maps. A total of 141 FDG-positive osseous lesions and 50 soft-tissue lesions adjacent to bones were evaluated. The mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) was measured in each lesion in PET images reconstructed once using the standard AC maps and once using the modified AC maps. Subsequently, the errors in lesion tracer uptake for the modified PET images were calculated using the standard PET image as a reference. Substitution of bone by soft tissue values in AC maps resulted in an underestimation of tracer uptake in osseous and soft tissue lesions adjacent to bones of 11.2 ± 5.4 % (range 1.5-30.8 %) and 3.2 ± 1.7 % (range 0.2-4 %), respectively. Analysis of the spine and pelvic osseous lesions revealed a substantial dependence of the error on lesion composition. For predominantly sclerotic spine lesions, the mean underestimation was 15.9 ± 3.4 % (range 9.9-23.5 %) and for osteolytic spine lesions, 7.2 ± 1.7 % (range 4.9-9.3 %), respectively. CT data simulating treating bone as soft tissue as is currently done in MR maps for PET AC leads to a substantial underestimation of tracer uptake in bone lesions and depends on lesion composition, the largest error being seen in sclerotic lesions. Therefore, depiction of cortical bone and other calcified areas in MR AC maps is necessary for accurate quantification of tracer uptake values in PET/MR imaging. (orig.)

117

PET/MR imaging of bone lesions - implications for PET quantification from imperfect attenuation correction  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Accurate attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative analysis of PET tracer distribution. In MR, the lack of cortical bone signal makes bone segmentation difficult and may require implementation of special sequences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the need for accurate bone segmentation in MR-based AC for whole-body PET/MR imaging. In 22 patients undergoing sequential PET/CT and 3-T MR imaging, modified CT AC maps were produced by replacing pixels with values of >100 HU, representing mostly bone structures, by pixels with a constant value of 36 HU corresponding to soft tissue, thereby simulating current MR-derived AC maps. A total of 141 FDG-positive osseous lesions and 50 soft-tissue lesions adjacent to bones were evaluated. The mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) was measured in each lesion in PET images reconstructed once using the standard AC maps and once using the modified AC maps. Subsequently, the errors in lesion tracer uptake for the modified PET images were calculated using the standard PET image as a reference. Substitution of bone by soft tissue values in AC maps resulted in an underestimation of tracer uptake in osseous and soft tissue lesions adjacent to bones of 11.2 {+-} 5.4 % (range 1.5-30.8 %) and 3.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 0.2-4 %), respectively. Analysis of the spine and pelvic osseous lesions revealed a substantial dependence of the error on lesion composition. For predominantly sclerotic spine lesions, the mean underestimation was 15.9 {+-} 3.4 % (range 9.9-23.5 %) and for osteolytic spine lesions, 7.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 4.9-9.3 %), respectively. CT data simulating treating bone as soft tissue as is currently done in MR maps for PET AC leads to a substantial underestimation of tracer uptake in bone lesions and depends on lesion composition, the largest error being seen in sclerotic lesions. Therefore, depiction of cortical bone and other calcified areas in MR AC maps is necessary for accurate quantification of tracer uptake values in PET/MR imaging. (orig.)

Samarin, Andrei [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); University Hospital Zurich, Nuclear Medicine, Zurich (Switzerland); Burger, Cyrill; Crook, David W.; Burger, Irene A.; Schmid, Daniel T.; Schulthess, Gustav K. von; Kuhn, Felix P. [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Wollenweber, Scott D. [GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI (United States)

2012-07-15

118

An extrarenal rhabdoid tumor of the cervical spine with bony involvement  

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A case of a histologically proven rhabdoid tumor of the cervical spine in a 19-year-old Caucasian male is presented. Primary extrarenal rhabdoid tumors are very rare. When the central nervous system is involved, the tumor usually is located in the brain. Only three cases of primary spinal rhabdoid tumor have been reported. This case is the first reported extradural rhabdoid tumor of the spinal canal and the first case of a rhabdoid tumor located in the spinal canal with bony involvement. (orig.)

Robbens, C.; Wilms, G. [U.Z. Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology, Leuven (Belgium); Vanwyck, R. [Salvator Hospital, Department of Radiology, Hasselt (Belgium); Sciot, R. [U.Z. Gasthuisberg, Department of Pathology, Leuven (Belgium); Debiec-Rychter, M. [U.Z. Gasthuisberg, Human Genetic Centre, Leuven (Belgium)

2007-04-15

119

Ultrasonographic findings of soft tissue lesions in extremities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

52 patients who had soft tissue lesions in extremity, buttock and shoulder,were studied by ultrasonography to evaluated the finding and significance of ultrasound study. The results were follows; 1. There were variable entities of diseases including 16 cases of Baker's cysts, 8 cases of abscesses, 8 cases of neoplasms, 4 case of hematomas and each case of joint effusion and bursitis, ganglion, thickening of soft tissue, muscle rupture and foreign body, respectively. 2. Baker's cyst was possibly diagnosis by characteristic site and finding with clinical history. 3. Abscess and hematoma showed hypoechoic or anechoic mass. Hematoma was easily diagnosed by associated findings with trauma, such as muscular swelling and rupture or bony fracture, but it was difficult to distinguish abscess from neoplasm due to similar finding. 4. Ultrasonography was a modality not only accurate for determining the presence, size and localization of lesion, but also easy for defining cyst or solid nature and relationship between lesion and adjacent structure

120

Bony manifestation of rickets in a sunny city - a case report from Yazd, Iran  

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Full Text Available Rickets is disease that occurs in growing bones in which defective mineralization occurs in both the bone and the cartilage of the epiphyseal growth plate, resulting in the retardation of growth and skeletal deformities. Rickets is more common in areas with less sunlight. However, this case report presents a case of the bony manifestation of rickets with the intake of vitamin D supplements in Yazd, a city in central Iran that has sunshine almost every day. A patient was referred to an out-patient general pediatric clinic for deformities of the legs and growth disturbance, with his height far below the normal range. The changes that were most evident in his X-rays were the bowing of the long bones of the legs and forearms and the cupping of the wrist metaphyseal region. In summary, we present a patient with bony manifestation of rickets despite living in a sunny area and taking vitamin D supplements. Thus, it is important to remember that rickets is still a common disease among children in Iran. More studies of this issue should be conducted, including the identification of abnormal cases and rescheduling vitamin D supplementation programs.

Mohammadhosain Afrand

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Bony anatomic variants of the paranasal sinuses and nasal septum. Comparison between normal and chronic sinusitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Agger nasi cells, concha bullosa, Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were evaluated with coronal plane computerized tomographic (CT) scanning in patients with normal paranasal sinuses (44 cases) and patients with chronic sinusitis (91 cases). Agger nasi cells were present in 68 (50.4%) of cases. Concha bullosa was present in 39 cases (28.9%), Haller's cells were present in 15 cases (11.1%), and deviation of the nasal septum was present in 64 cases (47.4%). Haller's cells were more commonly encountered in cases with normal paranasal sinuses (20.5%), than in cases with chronic sinusitis (6.6%). Other bony structural variations were noted at a similar frequency in both groups. Each sinus (frontal sinus, ethmoid sinus, maxillary sinus and sphenoid sinus) of patients with chronic sinusitis was then evaluated separately. Agger nasi cells were observed more frequently in chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis compared to subjects with normal sinuses. Concha bullosa was observed more frequently in cases with normal frontal sinuses and ethmoid sinuses than in cases of chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis. Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were observed at a similar frequency in both groups. Based on these results, it was thought that these bony structural variations sometimes disturbed the reopening of the normal ventilation and drainage pathways of the paranasal sinuses at the stage of acute sinusitis. These nasal ventilatory disturbances may predispose the patient to recurrent sinusitis, and may finally result in chronic sinusitis. (author)

122

Review of nomenclature revision of fibro-ossous lesions in the maxillofacial region  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fibro-osseous lesions are composed of connective tissue and varying amount of mineralized substances, which may be bony or cementum-like structures. It is necessary for oral radiologist to differentiate due to the tendency of these fibro-osseous lesions to show similar histopathologic appearances, while the management of each lesion is different. However we often encounter a little difficulty in judgement because there are some overlaps between concept of each lesions. So recently I suggest, we face a need to review basic concept and classification of several fibro-osseous jaw lesions. In this article, several fibro-osseous lesions, such as fibrous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma and cemento-osseous dysplasia, will be discussed basing on the review of literature. Particular emphasis will be made on the nomenclature revision of WHO's classification in 1992

123

Review of nomenclature revision of fibro-ossous lesions in the maxillofacial region  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fibro-osseous lesions are composed of connective tissue and varying amount of mineralized substances, which may be bony or cementum-like structures. It is necessary for oral radiologist to differentiate due to the tendency of these fibro-osseous lesions to show similar histopathologic appearances, while the management of each lesion is different. However we often encounter a little difficulty in judgement because there are some overlaps between concept of each lesions. So recently I suggest, we face a need to review basic concept and classification of several fibro-osseous jaw lesions. In this article, several fibro-osseous lesions, such as fibrous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma and cemento-osseous dysplasia, will be discussed basing on the review of literature. Particular emphasis will be made on the nomenclature revision of WHO's classification in 1992.

Lee, Byung Do [Wonkwang Univ. School of Dentistry, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

2007-03-15

124

[Peculiar cemental lesion of the jaws--its pathological entity and natural history].  

Science.gov (United States)

Two hundred fifty-five solitary and 42 multiple cases of fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws, and 74 cases of sclerosing osteomyelitis were studied clinico-pathologically, in order to discuss the entity of peculiar cemental lesion with sequester-like appearance, which occurs mainly in the mandibular molar area of over middle-aged females. Four allied lesions, including the sequester-like cemental lesion, were revealed. They were provisionally designated sequestrated cemental masses, cemental masses, focal cemento-osseous dysplasia, and periapical cemental masses respectively, because no entities that were consistent with them could be found in the classifications of World Health Organization (WHO). The above- mentioned peculiar cemental lesion was equivalent to sequestrated cemental masses, which consist of sclerotic cementum and/or osteocementum with inflammation. Cemental masses and periapical cemental masses were related to sequestrated cemental masses. Focal cemento- osseous dysplasia was considered to be a counterpart of lesion which had been recently reported by Summerlin et al. In consideration of similarity and continuity of the histological and clinical findings, the four allied lesions were thought to be arranged in a continuous spectrum of fibro-cemento-osseous dysplasia of the jaws, along with periapical cemental dysplasia and florid cemento-osseous dysplasia that are mentioned in the WHO classification. PMID:8741520

Miyamoto, I

1996-06-01

125

Comparative genomics of Lbx loci reveals conservation of identical Lbx ohnologs in bony vertebrates  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Lbx/ladybird genes originated as part of the metazoan cluster of Nk homeobox genes. In all animals investigated so far, both the protostome genes and the vertebrate Lbx1 genes were found to play crucial roles in neural and muscle development. Recently however, additional Lbx genes with divergent expression patterns were discovered in amniotes. Early in the evolution of vertebrates, two rounds of whole genome duplication are thought to have occurred, during which 4 Lbx genes were generated. Which of these genes were maintained in extant vertebrates, and how these genes and their functions evolved, is not known. Results Here we searched vertebrate genomes for Lbx genes and discovered novel members of this gene family. We also identified signature genes linked to particular Lbx loci and traced the remnants of 4 Lbx paralogons (two of which retain Lbx genes in amniotes. In teleosts, that have undergone an additional genome duplication, 8 Lbx paralogons (three of which retain Lbx genes were found. Phylogenetic analyses of Lbx and Lbx-associated genes show that in extant, bony vertebrates only Lbx1- and Lbx2-type genes are maintained. Of these, some Lbx2 sequences evolved faster and were probably subject to neofunctionalisation, while Lbx1 genes may have retained more features of the ancestral Lbx gene. Genes at Lbx1 and former Lbx4 loci are more closely related, as are genes at Lbx2 and former Lbx3 loci. This suggests that during the second vertebrate genome duplication, Lbx1/4 and Lbx2/3 paralogons were generated from the duplicated Lbx loci created during the first duplication event. Conclusion Our study establishes for the first time the evolutionary history of Lbx genes in bony vertebrates, including the order of gene duplication events, gene loss and phylogenetic relationships. Moreover, we identified genetic hallmarks for each of the Lbx paralogons that can be used to trace Lbx genes as other vertebrate genomes become available. Significantly, we show that bony vertebrates only retained copies of Lbx1 and Lbx2 genes, with some Lbx2 genes being highly divergent. Thus, we have established a base on which the evolution of Lbx gene function in vertebrate development can be evaluated.

Lewis Katharine E

2008-06-01

126

[Structure of the sensory nerve apparatus of the branchial arteries of several representatives of bony fishes].  

Science.gov (United States)

The innervation of bony arteries was studied in 19 fishes (6 perches, 11 breams and 2 pikes) by the silver impregnation method after Kajal--Faworski and Bielschowski--Gross. In the first branchial arc as well as in others the receptors of two kinds were revealed: those having the main type of branching and diffuse arborescent vessels. In rare cases granular terminations were revealed. The number of terminations found in the first branchial arc was twice as great as that in each of the rest arcs. A characteristic feature of the sensory nerve terminations of the branchial apparatus in fishes is their arborescent structure, a diffuse disposition of terminal branches and absence of special cells from the receptor. The structure of the receptory terminations in the first branchial arc of fishes is morphologically similar to the de Castro Ist type sensory terminations which he has found in the carotid sinus wall of mammals. PMID:999536

Morozov, E K

1976-07-01

127

Reconstruction of bony facial contour deficiencies with polymethylmethacrylate implants: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Facial trauma can be considered one of the most serious aggressions found in the medical centers due to the emotional consequences and the possibility of deformity. In craniofacial surgery, the use of autologous bone is still the first choice for reconstructing bony defects or irregularities. When there is a shortage of donor bone or a patient refuses an intracranial operation, alloplastic materials such as polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA can be used. The PMMA prosthesis can be pre-fabricated, bringing advantages such as reduction of surgical time, easy technical handling and good esthetic results. This paper describes the procedures for rehabilitating a patient with PMMA implants in the region of the face, recovering the facial contours and esthetics of the patient.

Ruy C. C. Abdo Filho

2011-08-01

128

Reconstruction of bony facial contour deficiencies with polymethylmethacrylate implants: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Facial trauma can be considered one of the most serious aggressions found in the medical centers due to the emotional consequences and the possibility of deformity. In craniofacial surgery, the use of autologous bone is still the first choice for reconstructing bony defects or irregularities. When t [...] here is a shortage of donor bone or a patient refuses an intracranial operation, alloplastic materials such as polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) can be used. The PMMA prosthesis can be pre-fabricated, bringing advantages such as reduction of surgical time, easy technical handling and good esthetic results. This paper describes the procedures for rehabilitating a patient with PMMA implants in the region of the face, recovering the facial contours and esthetics of the patient.

Ruy C. C., Abdo Filho; Thais M., Oliveira; Natalino, Lourenço Neto; Carla, Gurgel; Ruy C.C., Abdo.

129

Crouzon syndrome with bony upper airway obstruction: case report and review literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant pattern. Mutations in the FGFR2 gene are known to cause Crouzon syndrome. Craniofacial abnormalities are common at birth and may progress with time. The severity of these signs and symptoms varies among affected children. A full term, large for date, male baby was delivered to a gravida 2 mother by cesarean section having facial dimorphism suggestive of Crouzon syndrome. Genetic team confirmed the diagnosis. Baby had severe respiratory distress. On work up, upper bony airway narrowing was found (diameter 3 mm). Later on, baby was operated for the same. Baby is asymptomatic now and doing well up to 2 months of follow-up. Management of Crouzon disease is multidisciplinary and early diagnosis has prime importance. Follow-up must ensure late features like hearing problems, vision problems, dental problems, intelligence, cranial synostosis, and upper airway problems. PMID:24828762

Gothwal, Sunil; Nayan, Swati; Kumar, Jagdish

2014-08-01

130

Bony Metaplasia associated with the delay in the ulcer healing in diabetic patient . A case study  

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Full Text Available This search aims to describe the bony metaplasia found in the histopathological analysis of ulcer in patients observed at the Wound Repair Aid Center at the university hospital. The study is part of a search project applied in CNPq entitled “Delay in the cutaneous ulcers healing: clinical and morphological sectional evaluation”, being that during the blades analysis we found out cells that performed different from the osteoblasts. It is about a study of case of a diabetes and chronic renal patient with bad piercing planting. The data collect was based on the instrument of search with clinical and descriptive identification data about the hurt, besides the material for the pathological study histopathological. The morphological result indicates the difference of mesenchymals cells in osteoblasts in the injury, instead of fibroblasts. It can be concluded that the chronicity in the wound made one type of cell to be replaced by another type impairing the scarring

Beatriz Guitton Oliveira

2007-01-01

131

The bony scan at 99m Tc pyrophosphate in the chronic kidney deficiency treated by hemodialysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The bony scan at 99m Tc pyrophosphate of thirty chronic hemodialyzed patients have been classified in four groups of increasing fixation according to Olgaard's criterions. The clinical, radiological symptoms of renal osteodystrophy, the alkaline phosphatases and the PTHi rate have been compared. Twenty-six scans show a noticeable fixation (stage II) or an important one (stage III - eleven patients). The third stage patients have more important radiographical symptoms, a more important rate of alkaline phosphatases and PTHi rate than those of the second stage. According to our observations and those of literature, the scan at 99m Tc PP allows an early and faithful diagnosis of renal osteodystrophy. It seems to represent the increase of the osteoid immature tissue which is the usual characteristic of the renal osteodystrophy

132

A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children  

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Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

Cho, Jeong Shin; Park, Chang Seo [Department of Dentistry, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1995-08-15

133

A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

134

Distinct focal lesions of the femoral head: imaging features suggesting an atypical and minimal form of bone necrosis  

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Heading AbstractObjective. To document the imaging findings observed in patients with an unusual pattern of abnormality of the femoral head, most likely representing osteonecrosis.Design and patients. The imaging findings in 11 patients (10 men, 1 woman; age range 32-55 years) with a distinct lesion of the femoral head were reviewed with particular attention to the morphologic appearance, location, and extent of the lesion(s) in the proximal femur.Results. The 16 lesions identified in these patients extended to the subchondral area. Articular collapse was not evident in any hip. Radiography and CT showed areas of mixed bone sclerosis and osteolysis surrounded by sclerotic margins. On MR imaging, the signal intensity characteristics of the osseous lesion(s) were most commonly similar to those of fluid. Histopathologic findings, available in two hips, were typical of osteonecrosis. There was evidence of correlation of the site of the lesion with the known general distribution and anastomoses of arteries supplying the femoral head.Conclusion. A distinct, focal lesion of the femoral head is believed to represent an atypical form of bone necrosis. Its restriction to a small portion of the femoral head may relate to localized vascular anatomy. Recognition of the quite characteristic imaging findings can prevent misdiagnosis and may have implications for the prediction of the natural course of the disease. (orig.)

135

Distinct focal lesions of the femoral head: imaging features suggesting an atypical and minimal form of bone necrosis  

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Heading AbstractObjective. To document the imaging findings observed in patients with an unusual pattern of abnormality of the femoral head, most likely representing osteonecrosis.Design and patients. The imaging findings in 11 patients (10 men, 1 woman; age range 32-55 years) with a distinct lesion of the femoral head were reviewed with particular attention to the morphologic appearance, location, and extent of the lesion(s) in the proximal femur.Results. The 16 lesions identified in these patients extended to the subchondral area. Articular collapse was not evident in any hip. Radiography and CT showed areas of mixed bone sclerosis and osteolysis surrounded by sclerotic margins. On MR imaging, the signal intensity characteristics of the osseous lesion(s) were most commonly similar to those of fluid. Histopathologic findings, available in two hips, were typical of osteonecrosis. There was evidence of correlation of the site of the lesion with the known general distribution and anastomoses of arteries supplying the femoral head.Conclusion. A distinct, focal lesion of the femoral head is believed to represent an atypical form of bone necrosis. Its restriction to a small portion of the femoral head may relate to localized vascular anatomy. Recognition of the quite characteristic imaging findings can prevent misdiagnosis and may have implications for the prediction of the natural course of the disease. (orig.)

Theodorou, Daphne J. [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Department of Radiology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Department of Radiology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, California 92161 (United States); Theodorou, Stavroula J.; Resnick, Donald [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Department of Radiology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Haghighi, Parviz [Department of Pathology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States)

2002-08-01

136

Type 1 IFN-induced protein MxA and plasmacytoid dendritic cells in lesions of morphea.  

Science.gov (United States)

Morphea is an autoimmune sclerotic skin disease of unknown pathogenesis. As type 1 interferons (IFN) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis, we proposed that type 1 IFN promote localized inflammation and fibrosis in morphea. To investigate the expression of the type 1 IFN-inducible protein myxovirus A (MxA) and the presence of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) in lesions of morphea, lesional skin of 10 patients with morphea was examined by immunohistochemistry for the presence of the type 1 IFN-inducible protein, myxovirus A (MxA), and the pDC markers, CD123 and BDCA-2, and was compared with lesional skin of cutaneous lupus erythematosus, lichen planus and keloid. Lesional and non-lesional morphea skin was compared. MxA was expressed in the epidermis as well as the reticular dermis and subcutis in morphea. pDCs were abundant around vessels and between fibrous bundles. Non-lesional biopsies demonstrated little or no expression of MxA and pDC markers. Keloid showed minimal expression of MxA and pDC markers. We demonstrate the expression of type 1 IFN-related protein MxA and plasmacytoid DCs in lesional but not in non-lesional biopsies of morphea. These findings suggest a potential role for type 1 interferons in the pathogenesis of morphea. PMID:22507598

Ghoreishi, Mehran; Vera Kellet, Cristián; Dutz, Jan P

2012-06-01

137

Description of patients with bony tumors treated with prosthesis in reconstruction in the Servicio de Ortopedia at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia 2000-2006  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of prosthesis in reconstruction for the management of extensive tumor bone lesions. The study of six patients treated is performed at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia, who were treated for aggressive tumors in the period 2001-2006. Bony tumors are conceptualized, as well as fundamental aspects of cell biology in its development and the classification of the same. Also, relevant information is included with relation to the most frequent indications and possible treatments. In all six cases was placed the rescue prosthesis, four of them has been obtained excellent results. Limb amputation has been the only alternative until the decade of the 70 and survival rates with this treatment were 10 to 20% survival at 5 years. Today, with advances in chemotherapy and limb salvage prosthesis, patients without metastases at diagnosis have a survival of 65 to 75% at five years. The study has made it possible to simultaneously to analyze some aspects of care to these patients; such as: time of biopsy, time of diagnosis, time of initiation of chemotherapy and surgical intervention time. Through this study has concluded that when referring to a malignant tumor of bone is absolutely essential that the process of diagnosis and initiation of treatment of limb salvage surgery are addressed as soon as possible. Finally, some recommendations are raised to strengthen the treatment of malignant tumors in the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia. (author)deron Guardia. (author)

138

A dose-response relationship for time to bone pain resolution after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bony metastases  

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Background. To investigate the utility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of painful renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases, and for a possible dose effect on time to symptom relief. Material and methods. Eighteen patients with 24 painful osseous lesions from metastatic RCC were treated with SBRT. The most common treatment regimens were 24 Gy in 3 fractions and 40 Gy in 5 fractions. The times from treatment to first reported pain relief and time to symptom recurrence were evaluated. Median follow-up was 38 weeks (1-156 weeks). Results. Seventy-eight percent of all patients had pain relief. Patients treated with a BED > 85 Gy achieved faster and more durable pain relief compared to those treated with a BED < 85 Gy. There was decrease in time to pain relief after a change in treatment regimen to 8 Gy x 5 fractions (BED = 86). There was only one patient with grade 1 skin toxicity. No neurological or other toxicity was observed. Conclusions. SBRT can safely and effectively treat painful RCC bony metastases. There appears to be a relationship between radiation dose and time to stable pain relief.

Jhaveri, Pavan M. [Dept. of Radiology, Section of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (United States); Teh, Bin S.; Paulino, Arnold C.; Blanco, Angel I.; Butler, E. Brian [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital/The Methodist Hospital Research Inst., Houston (United States)], email: bteh@tmhs.org; Lo, Simon S. [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland (United States); Amato, Robert J. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Div. of Oncology, Univ. of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston (United States)

2012-05-15

139

Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates; Utilizacao da tomografia computadorizada quantitativa como teste de resistencia para avaliacao de placas osseas  

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Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials. (author)

Melo Filho, E.V.; Costa, L.A.V.S.; Oliveira, D.C. [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Freitas, P.M.C. [Escola de Veterinaria - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Teixeira, M.W.; Costa, F.S. [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco - Recife, PE (Brazil)

2012-06-15

140

Utilização da tomografia computadorizada quantitativa como teste de resistência para avaliação de placas ósseas Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates  

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Full Text Available Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials.

E.V. Melo Filho

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
141

18F-FDG PET demonstrates previously unvisualised bony metastases in a lung cancer patient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: A 59-year-old male, presented to his local doctor with the trivial complaint of a persistent dry cough. On clinical examination he was found to have an enlarged right supraclavicular lymph node. He was investigated with chest X-ray, Computerised Tomography (CT) and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) of the palpable node CT showed a right lung mass, bulky hilar, mediastinal, supraclavicular and cervical lymph nodes FNAC was inconclusive due to an insufficient tissue sample, but suggestive of non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Hence excisional node biopsy was required which revealed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Subsequent CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis for staging revealed no distant involvement. Therefore radical radiotherapy was planned to treat the locally advanced disease. Prior to treatment a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan was organised by his specialist as a baseline study to monitor therapy progress. Non-Attenuation corrected images of the chest, abdomen and pelvis were obtained 40 minutes post administration of 394 MBq 18F-FDG, on a Siemens 951/3IR PET scanner. The images were reconstructed using both Filtered Back Projection (FBP) and Ordered Subsets-Expectation Maximization (OSEM) algorithms. The images revealed extensive metastases particularly in the spine and pelvis, besides the known locally advanced thoracic disease A 99mTc MDP bone scan and plain film radiographs aimed at confirming bony metastases were negatd at confirming bony metastases were negative, even though the bone scan noted a slight focus in the right fourth rib. The appearance suggested trauma, but a solitary bone metastasis could not be ruled out MRI of the spine confirmed the PET scan findings. Mr RD was to have curative radical radiotherapy, but after the PET results, it was decided to treat him palliatively. The value of 18F-FDG PET in staging some cancers such as NSCLC is widely accepted, in this case it was pivotal in altering the patient's management. Copyright (2002) The Australian and New Zealand Society of Nuclear Medicine Inc

142

CT of the canine lumbosacral spine in extension - flexion rotation; part I: bony window  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The canine lumbosacral spine is examined radiographically in extended and flexed lateral position as well as ventrodorsally. Superimposition of bones hinders exact evaluation of the lumbosacral intervertebral foramen in case of cauda equina syndrome, especially when degenerative changes overlap. CT or MRI are more and more indicated to get reliable findings because myelography is not always of diagnostic value. For this study twelve dogs (7 German Shepherd dogs, 4 Cross-breds, and 1 Rottweiler) of different age and sex were taken which had been referred for CT examination of the lumbosacral area. Plain radiographs did not show abnormalities. The anaesthetized dogs were positioned in dorsal recumbency with the legs firstly extended and secondly flexed according to flexion-extension radiography. Slice thickness was 2 mm, the CT images were evaluated in both bony and soft tissue windows. Bony window easily showed vertebral bodies, vertebral canal, pedicles, vertebral laminae, and articular processes of L7 and S1. Median height of the vertebral canal did not change during extension or flexion at the level of L7 and the sacrum. Height and width of the intervertebral foramen and width of the interarcual foramen changed markedly from extension to flexion. Lateral recessus of the vertebral canal always could be observed as ventrolateral widening. In sagittal CT scans of the lumbosacral specimen of a normal German Shepherd dog cranial articular processes of the sacrum were detected to be responsible for maximum height or width of the intervertebral foramen. Evolving from the lateral recessus the intervertebral foramen was initially oval-shaped and got rounded and narrowed by the cranial articular process of the sacrum. Position and shape of the cranial articular processes of the sacrum were evaluated. Surface of the cranial articular processes of S1 were found even with articular spaces congruent, but some also appeared slightly concave or convex where incongruity of the joint space was present. Most of the dogs showed angles about 45 degrees, but some had 60 or 35 degrees and were classified steep or plane, respectively. Soft tissue formations such as intervertebral disk, ligaments, vessels, and nerves will be described in part II of this study. (author)

143

Automated bony region identification using artificial neural networks: reliability and validation measurements  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective was to develop tools for automating the identification of bony structures, to assess the reliability of this technique against manual raters, and to validate the resulting regions of interest against physical surface scans obtained from the same specimen. Artificial intelligence-based algorithms have been used for image segmentation, specifically artificial neural networks (ANNs). For this study, an ANN was created and trained to identify the phalanges of the human hand. The relative overlap between the ANN and a manual tracer was 0.87, 0.82, and 0.76, for the proximal, middle, and distal index phalanx bones respectively. Compared with the physical surface scans, the ANN-generated surface representations differed on average by 0.35 mm, 0.29 mm, and 0.40 mm for the proximal, middle, and distal phalanges respectively. Furthermore, the ANN proved to segment the structures in less than one-tenth of the time required by a manual rater. The ANN has proven to be a reliable and valid means of segmenting the phalanx bones from CT images. Employing automated methods such as the ANN for segmentation, eliminates the likelihood of rater drift and inter-rater variability. Automated methods also decrease the amount of time and manual effort required to extract the data of interest, thereby making the feasibility of patient-specific modeling a reality. (orig.)

144

Wyst?powanie grzybów w ontocenozie jamy ustnej a zmiany b?ony ?luzowej  

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Full Text Available Wst?p: W pracy na podstawie w?asnych bada? klinicznych przedstawiono gatunki grzybów wyst?puj?cych u osób z niektórymi zmianami w przyz?biu i b?onie ?luzowej. Materia? i metody: Badaniom poddano 196 pacjentów, u których wyizolowano szczepy grzybów. Dla wszystkich osób opracowano ankiet? zawieraj?c? dane badania podmiotowego i przedmiotowego. Wyniki: W?ród 196 osób u 22 rozpoznano gingMtis, u 31 - glossitis, u 27 - leukoplaki?, u 27 - periodontitis adults, a u 21 - periodontitis juvenilis, u 33 - stomatitis prothetica, a u 35 - stomatitis atrophica. Wykryte grzyby zakwalifikowano do 8 gatunków rodzaju Candida, a mianowicie: Candida albicans - 146 szczepów, Candida tropicalis - 18 (9,2%, Candida krusei - 10 (5,1%, Candida guilliermondii - 6 (3,1%, Candida parapsilosis - 3 (1,5%, Candida kefyr - 6 (3,1%, Candida famata - 5 (2,6%, Candida zeylanoides - 2 (1,0%. Wnioski: Stwierdzono zale?no?? statystycznie istotn? mi?dzy obecno?ci? grzybów a niektórymi objawami podmiotowymi i przedmiotowymi. Najwi?ksz? liczb? gatunków grzybów wykryto u osób z rozpoznaniem periodontitis juvenile.

Anna J. Kurnatowska

2003-12-01

145

Orbital Tumors Excision without Bony Marginotomy under Local and General Anesthesia  

Science.gov (United States)

To present our experience of removing middle to deep orbital tumors using a combination of minimally invasive soft tissue approaches, sometimes under local anesthesia. Methods. In this retrospective case series, 30 patients (13 males and 17 females) underwent tumor removal through eyelid crease (17 eyes), conjunctival (nine eyes), lateral canthal (two eyes), and transcaruncular (two eyes) approaches. All tumors were located in the posterior half of the orbit. Six cases were removed under monitored anesthesia care with local block, and 24 were under general anesthesia. Results. The median (range) age and follow-up duration were 48.5 (31–87) years old and 24.5 (4–375) weeks, respectively. Visual acuity and ocular motility showed improvement or no significant change in all but one patient at the latest followup. Confirmed pathologies revealed cavernous hemangioma (15 cases), pleomorphic adenoma (5 cases), solitary fibrous tumor (4 cases), neurofibroma (2 cases), schwannoma (2 cases), and orbital varix (1 case). None of the patients experienced recurrence. Conclusions. Creating a bony marginotomy increases intraoperative exposure of the deep orbit but adds substantial time and morbidity. Benign orbital tumors can often be removed safely through small soft-tissue incisions, without bone removal and under local anesthesia. PMID:24829795

Goldberg, Robert A.; Rootman, Daniel B.; Nassiri, Nariman; Samimi, David B.; Shadpour, Joseph M.

2014-01-01

146

Primary bony non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the cervical spine: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Non-Hodgkin lymphoma primarily originating from the bone is exceedingly rare. To our knowledge, this is the first report of primary bone lymphoma presenting with progressive cord compression from an origin in the cervical spine. Herein, we discuss the unusual location in this case, the presenting symptoms, and the management of this disease. Case presentation We report on a 23-year-old Caucasian-American man who presented with two months of night sweats, fatigue, parasthesias, and progressive weakness that had progressed to near quadriplegia. Magnetic resonance (MR imaging demonstrated significant cord compression seen primarily at C7. Surgical management, with corpectomy and dorsal segmental fusion, in combination with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy, halted the progression of the primary disease and preserved neurological function. Histological analysis demonstrated an aggressive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Conclusion Isolated primary bony lymphoma of the spine is exceedingly rare. As in our case, the initial symptoms may be the result of progressive cervical cord compression. Anterior corpectomy with posterolateral decompression and fusion succeeded in preventing progressive neurologic decline and maintaining quality of life. The reader should be aware of the unique presentation of this disease and that surgical management is a successful treatment strategy.

Sedrak Mark F

2010-02-01

147

Radiotherapy for bony manifestations of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis. Review and proposal for an international registry  

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Purpose: to examine the role of radiotherapy (RT) in adult Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) for osseous manifestations, to define open questions regarding RT, and to develop recommendations for the clinical decision-making and problem-solving process. Material and methods: a literature review using different medical databases was conducted including the last 3 decades, and resulting questions regarding the use of ionizing radiation were systematically compiled. Results: the literature review revealed a local control rate of 96% (93% complete remissions) in patients with osseous single-system disease and of 92% (76% complete remissions) in patients with bony involvement in multi-system disease. To increase our knowledge, a prospective registry has been developed to allow a differentiated analysis of RT outcome and definition of potential prognostic factors. Conclusion: ionizing radiation can be successfully applied as a single treatment or in combination with other therapies for osseous manifestations of LCH. It leads to high remission and local control rates. Nevertheless, many open questions still exist. A prospective clinical registry is proposed to define the exact role of RT in this disease and to develop future interdisciplinary treatment guidelines. (orig.)

Olschewski, T.; Seegenschmiedt, M.H. [Dept. of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Essen (Germany)

2006-02-01

148

Unique psoriatic lesion versus multiple lesions  

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Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the number of lesions of psoriasis and to find risk factors for multiple lesions. Material and Methods: 1,236 patients (male 54.13%, female 45.87% with psoriasis were seen over a period of 8 years in an Outpatient Clinic. Patients filled out questionnaires containing age at onset, number of lesions and location at the beginning of the disease, gender, type and localization of psoriasis at the time of clinical examination, psoriasis family history, previous treatment, comorbidities, and social status. Results: The number of psoriasis lesions correlates with: onset age of psoriasis (F=8.902, p=0.0029; age at the moment of clinical examination (F=8.902, p=0.0029; residence in rural area (?2=8.589, p=0.00338, 95%CI; alcohol intake (?2=16.47, p=0.00005, 95%CI; smoking (?2=8.408, p=0.00373, 95%CI; occupation: workers/pupils/students (?2=14.11, p=0.0069, 95%CI. Conclusions: There is a correlation between number of psoriatic lesions and some factors. Multiple lesions were observed in older patients, smokers and drinkers, coming from rural area and social active (workers and pupils/students. No correlation was statistically proved between number of lesions and gender, comorbidities and family history of psoriasis.

Anca Chiriac

2014-10-01

149

Bone Lesions and Damage  

Science.gov (United States)

... NOW Home » About Multiple Myeloma » Symptoms » Bone Damage Bone Lesions and Damage Bone lesions from multiple myeloma ... have some degree of bone loss. Causes of bone destruction in myeloma Normally, osteoclasts function with bone- ...

150

Example based lesion segmentation  

Science.gov (United States)

Automatic and accurate detection of white matter lesions is a significant step toward understanding the progression of many diseases, like Alzheimer's disease or multiple sclerosis. Multi-modal MR images are often used to segment T2 white matter lesions that can represent regions of demyelination or ischemia. Some automated lesion segmentation methods describe the lesion intensities using generative models, and then classify the lesions with some combination of heuristics and cost minimization. In contrast, we propose a patch-based method, in which lesions are found using examples from an atlas containing multi-modal MR images and corresponding manual delineations of lesions. Patches from subject MR images are matched to patches from the atlas and lesion memberships are found based on patch similarity weights. We experiment on 43 subjects with MS, whose scans show various levels of lesion-load. We demonstrate significant improvement in Dice coefficient and total lesion volume compared to a state of the art model-based lesion segmentation method, indicating more accurate delineation of lesions.

Roy, Snehashis; He, Qing; Carass, Aaron; Jog, Amod; Cuzzocreo, Jennifer L.; Reich, Daniel S.; Prince, Jerry; Pham, Dzung

2014-03-01

151

Computed tomography and hypocycloid tomography in lesions of the nose, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 31 patients with lesions mainly arising from the nose, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx comparative evaluation of the results of CT and hypocycloid tomography indicated that CT generally gave a better representation of both the bony structures and the soft parts and alone has the capacity to evaluate intracranial extension. CT should first be performed in the transverse axial plane. If abnormalities in relation to horizontal bony structures are demonstrated, the examination should be supplemented by CT in the coronal plane or, if CT scanning in this plane is not possible, by conventional tomography. Enhancement after intravenous injection of contrast medium does not as a rule seem to add information of diagnostic importance. (Auth.)

152

Concerning the etiology of bony bridges along the sides of the terminal phalanx of the great toe  

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Besides in acromegaly bony bridges at the terminal phalanx of the great toe occur in one third of cases with peripheral signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, systemic diseases as rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis with chronic inflammation of the interphalangeal joint of the great toe respectively extraarticular osseous changes in the terminal phalanx of the great toe do not influence the development of such bridges.

Fischer, E.

1987-06-01

153

Ocena morfometryczna b?ony ?luzowej dwunastnicy u dzieci z IgE-zale?n? alergi? na pszenic?  

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Full Text Available Wprowadzenie: Morfologiczny obraz zmian w b?onie ?luzowej jelita u dzieci z alergi? pokarmow? nie jest dok?adnie poznany. Cel pracy: Morfometryczna ocena b?ony ?luzowej dwunastnicy u dzieci z alergi? na pszenic?. Materia? i metodyka: Ocen? morfometryczn? b?ony ?luzowej dwunastnicy przeprowadzono u 16 dzieci z IgE-zale?n? alergi? na pszenic?. Wyniki porównywano z warto?ciami uzyskanymi u dzieci zdrowych (11 dzieci i z aktywn? chorob? trzewn? typ 3b wed?ug Marsha (CD (6 dzieci. Preparaty histologiczne barwiono hematoksylin? oraz eozyn? i oceniano za pomoc? Quantimet 600F Leica. Wyniki: Szeroko?? kosmków nie ró?ni?a si? istotnie mi?dzy badanymi grupami, kosmki by?y najw??sze u dzieci zdrowych, najszersze - u dzieci z CD. D?ugo?? kosmków i powierzchnia przekroju pod?u?nego kosmka by?y najwi?ksze u dzieci zdrowych, najmniejsze u dzieci z CD. U dzieci z alergi? wielko?ci te zawsze by?y mniejsze ni? u dzieci zdrowych (p <0,01, wi?ksze za? ni? u dzieci z CD (p <0,001. D?ugo?? krypt by?a najwi?ksza u dzieci z CD i najmniejsza u dzieci zdrowych. U dzieci z alergi? krypty by?y krótsze ni? u dzieci z CD (p <0,01 i d?u?sze ni? u dzieci zdrowych (p <0,05. Stosunek d?ugo?ci kosmków do d?ugo?ci krypt w okresie rozpoznania alergii by? taki sam jak u dzieci z CD (1,9:1; u zdrowych dzieci wynosi? 3:1. Wnioski: U wi?kszo?ci dzieci z IgE-zale?n? alergi? na pszenic? w b?onie ?luzowej dwunastnicy wyst?puje zanik kosmków jelitowych, którego nasilenie jest mniejsze ni? u dzieci z chorob? trzewn?.

Wenancjusz Domaga?a

2011-03-01

154

Osteoporosis posmenopausia según densitometría ósea / Postmenopausal osteoporosis according to bony densitometry  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 146 mujeres, atendidas en la Consulta de Climaterio del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" de Santiago de Cuba, durante el 2010, con vistas a medir la pérdida de masa ósea en ellas. Los resultados mostraron como factores de ries [...] go predominantes: la ooforectomía bilateral antes de los 50 años, el cese de la menstruación antes de los 40 años y el bajo peso. La densitometría reveló que 45,9 % de las féminas padecía osteopenia y 35,6 %, osteoporosis, con alta significación de la relación entre el climaterio y los resultados densitométricos. Se concluyó que la osteoporosis es frecuente en esta etapa, por lo que debe ser diagnosticada precozmente, de modo que se asegure una terapia eficaz y mejore la calidad de vida. Abstract in english A descriptive and cross-sectional study in 146 women, assisted at the Climacteric Department in "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital from Santiago de Cuba was carried out during the 2010, with the objective of measuring the loss of bony mass in them. The results showed as predomi [...] nant risk factors: the bilateral oophorectomy before 50 years, the ceasing of menstruation before 40 years and low weight. The densitometry revealed that 45,9 % of the females suffered from osteopenia and 35,6 %, osteoporosis, with high significance of the relation between the climacteric and the densitometric results. It was concluded that osteoporosis is frequent in this stage, so that it should be early diagnosed, and an effective therapy be assured to improve life quality.

Dayana, Couto Núñez; Danilo, Nápoles Méndez; Isabel, Deulofeu Betancourt.

1765-17-01

155

Effect of low intensity laser irradiation on surgically created bony defects in rats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Low intensity lasers have been used by clinicians to improve healing and reduce pain in humans. Lasing also results in new bone formation around hydroxyapatite implants and a significant increase in the total bone area. However, the exact mechanism of cell biostimulation by laser is still unclear. This study biochemically assessed the effects of low intensity laser (Gallium-Arsenide) using 4 and 22.4 mW cm(-2) power density on the bone healing process after surgically creating bony cavities in rat mandibles. Rats (n = 24) were divided into two groups each treated with specific energy, 4 or 22.4 mW cm(-2), for 3 min each day post-surgery. Surgical cavities were created on both sides of the mandible: the left served as an untreated control, the right was treated with laser. All rats were sacrificed after 1, 2 and 4 weeks of treatment. In the newly formed callus, accumulation of radiocalcium and alkaline phosphatase activity was measured to indicate osteogenic activity. One-way anova with repeated measures showed that the low intensity laser using 4 mW cm(-2) power density significantly increased radiocalcium accumulation from 2 weeks post-surgery, whereas 22.4 mW cm(-2) had no effect. No changes were noted in the activity of alkaline phosphatase with the laser treatment. These results suggest that laser therapy of low power density is effective on the bone healing process in artificially created osseous cavities by affecting calcium transport during new bone formation. PMID:16856960

Nissan, J; Assif, D; Gross, M D; Yaffe, A; Binderman, I

2006-08-01

156

Engineering human cell-based, functionally integrated osteochondral grafts by biological bonding of engineered cartilage tissues to bony scaffolds.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we aimed at developing and validating a technique for the engineering of osteochondral grafts based on the biological bonding of a chondral layer with a bony scaffold by cell-laid extracellular matrix. Osteochondral composites were generated by combining collagen-based matrices (Chondro-Gide) containing human chondrocytes with devitalized spongiosa cylinders (Tutobone) using a fibrin gel (Tisseel). We demonstrate that separate pre-culture of the chondral layer for 3 days prior to the generation of the composite allows for (i) more efficient cartilaginous matrix accumulation than no pre-culture, as assessed histologically and biochemically, and (ii) superior biological bonding to the bony scaffold than 14 days of pre-culture, as assessed using a peel-off mechanical test, developed to measure integration of bilayered materials. The presence of the bony scaffold induced an upregulation in the infiltrated cells of the osteoblast-related gene bone sialoprotein, indicative of the establishment of a gradient of cell phenotypes, but did not affect per se the quality of the cartilaginous matrix in the chondral layer. The described strategy to generate osteochondral plugs is simple to be implemented and--since it is based on clinically compliant cells and materials--is amenable to be readily tested in the clinic. PMID:20022102

Scotti, Celeste; Wirz, Dieter; Wolf, Francine; Schaefer, Dirk J; Bürgin, Vivienne; Daniels, Alma U; Valderrabano, Victor; Candrian, Christian; Jakob, Marcel; Martin, Ivan; Barbero, Andrea

2010-03-01

157

Endoscopic orientation of the parasellar region in sphenoid sinus with ill-defined bony landmarks: an anatomic study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The sphenoid bony landmarks are important for endoscopic orientation in skull base surgery but show a wide range of variations. We aimed to describe an instructional model for the endoscopic parasellar anatomy in sphenoid sinuses with ill-defined bony landmarks. Five preserved injected cadaveric heads and four sides of dry skulls were studied endoscopically via transethmoid, transsphenoidal approach. The parasellar region was exposed by drilling along the maxillary nerve (V2) canal [the length of the foramen rotundum (FR) between the middle cranial fossa and the pterygopalatine fossa]. This was achieved by drilling in the inferior part of the lateral wall of posterior ethmoids immediately above the sphenopalatine foramen. Cavernous V2 was traced to the paraclival internal carotid artery (ICA). Cavernous sinus (CS) apex was exposed by drilling a triangle bounded by V2 and its canal inferiorly, bone between FR and superior orbital fissure (SOF) anteriorly, and ophthalmic nerve (V1) superiorly. Drilling was continued toward the annulus of Zinn (AZ) and optic nerve superiorly and over the intracavernous ICA posteriorly. Endoscopic measurements between V2, SOF, AZ, and opticocarotid recess were obtained. Endoscopic systematic orientation of parasellar anatomy is presented that can be helpful for approaching sphenoid sinus with ill-defined bony landmarks. PMID:21772799

Amin, Sameh M; Nasr, Ashraf Y; Saleh, Hamid A; Foad, Mohamed M; Herzallah, Islam R

2010-11-01

158

Periodontal bone lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the course of life the periodontum is subject to changes which may be physiological or pathological. Intraoral radiographs give insight into the hard structures of the dentomaxillar region and provides information on lesions in the bone of the periodontum in that they show radiopacities and radiolucencies caused by such lesions. In this thesis the relation is investigated between the true shape and dimensions of periodontal bone lesions and their radiographic images. A method is developed and tested of making standardized and reproducible radiographs suitable for longitudinal studies of periodontal lesions. Also the possibility is demonstrated of an objective and reproducible interpretation of radiographic characteristics of periodontal bone lesions. (Auth.)

159

Tumefactive demyelinating lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We studied 21 cases of pathologically confirmed tumefactive demyelinating lesions and reviewed the spectrum of tumefactive demyelinating lesions in the literature. Radiological features and clinical data were reviewed to characterize the lesions as consistent with a known demyelinating disease, most notably multiple sclerosis. Atypical clinical or radiological features (other than tumefaction) were noted. Most lesions were part of a clinical and/or radiological picture consistent with multiple sclerosis. No case strongly suggestive of variants or related diseases, such as Schilder`s disease or Balo`s concentric sclerosis, were found. There was one case suggestive of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Features which help distinguish the lesions from tumour are discussed. (orig.)

Dagher, A.P. [Thomas Jefferson Univ. Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Div. of Neuroradiology; Smirniotopoulos, J. [Thomas Jefferson Univ. Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Div. of Neuroradiology]|[Armed Forces Inst. of Pathology, Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Radiological Pathology

1996-08-01

160

Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-c [...] arious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE) combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI), Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL) and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE). In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05). Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05). After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

Evrim Eliguzeloglu, Dalkilic; Huma, Omurlu.

 
 
 
 
161

Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. Material and methods 158 non-carious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE) combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI), Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL) and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE). In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. Results After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05). Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05). After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05). Conclusion Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up. PMID:22666836

ELIGUZELOGLU DALKILIC, Evrim; OMURLU, Huma

2012-01-01

162

Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-c [...] arious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE) combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI), Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL) and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE). In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05). Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05). After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

Evrim Eliguzeloglu, Dalkilic; Huma, Omurlu.

2012-04-01

163

Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-carious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI, Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE. In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05. Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05. After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05. CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

Evrim Eliguzeloglu Dalkilic

2012-04-01

164

Mesangial lesions and focal glomerular sclerosis in the aging rat.  

Science.gov (United States)

The pathogenesis of focal glomerular sclerosis (FGS) and its relation to proteinuria and idiopathic nephrotic syndrome are unknown. Urine protein excretion in Sprague-Dawley rats increased with age. Fifty per cent of 12-month and 90 per cent of 24-month-old animals were proteinuric (greater than 20 mg. per day). Heavily proteinuric old rats manifested biochemical changes characteristic of nephrotic syndrome without significant loss of renal function. Three-month, 6-month, and nonproteinuric 12-month-old animals had mesangial deposits of IgM in occasional lobules of some glomeruli and slight mesangial hyperplasia. Four proteinuric 12-month-old rats had diffuse 4+ deposits of IgM in the mesangium of most glomeruli, basement membrane thickening and epithelial cell foot process fusion without FGS. The mesangial IgM deposits eluted in acid buffer and did not fix complement. Six proteinuric 12-month-old rats had focal and segmental areas of glomerular sclerosis with adhesions to Bowman's capsule, foamy cells, intraluminal eosinophilic deposits and capillary wall wrinkling and collapse. These lesions were more advanced in 24-month-old animals. Nonproteinuric 24-month-old rats did not have detectable FGS. Mesangial uptake of colloidal carbon was normal in proteinuric and nonproteinuric animals without FGS. Mesangial uptake of colloidal carbon was normal in proteinuric and nonproteinuric animals without FGS and reduced in proteinuric animals with FGS. In the aging rat the development of proteinuria and mesangial IgM deposition apparently precede development of a focal sclerotic glomerular lesion with histologic and ultrastructural features similar to FGS in man. The generalized impairment of mesangial phagocytic function in proteinuric rats with FGS suggests that this lesion may result from mesangial overload and dysfunction consequent to the persistent increase in glomerular permeability and proteinuria. PMID:127075

Couser, W G; Stilmant, M M

1975-11-01

165

{sup 99m}Tc-HDP Bone Scintigraphy Finding of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Bone Lesion Changed from Hot to Cold Lesion: Comparing with {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 26-year-old man with renal cell carcinoma underwent {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy for detecting bony metastasis after left total nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed small hot lesion in the first lumbar spine. About 12 months later, he underwent spinal MRI for lower back pain. A large mass was seen around spinous process of the first lumbar spine (L1) on spinal MRI and confirmed as metastatic renal cell carcinoma by bone biopsy. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy and {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT were underwent for further evaluation. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed cold lesion in the first lumbar spine which was initially hot and newly developed hot lesion in the twelfth thoracic spine, and which were shown as hypermetabolic lesions in {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT. We report a case of bony metastasis from renal cell carcinoma which is changed from hot lesion to cold lesion in {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy and compare with {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT.

Seo, Young Duk; Kim, Seong Min; Kim, Kun Ho [Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2009-12-15

166

99mTc-HDP Bone Scintigraphy Finding of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Bone Lesion Changed from Hot to Cold Lesion: Comparing with 18F-FDG PET/CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 26-year-old man with renal cell carcinoma underwent 99mTc-HDP bone scintigraphy for detecting bony metastasis after left total nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. 99mTc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed small hot lesion in the first lumbar spine. About 12 months later, he underwent spinal MRI for lower back pain. A large mass was seen around spinous process of the first lumbar spine (L1) on spinal MRI and confirmed as metastatic renal cell carcinoma by bone biopsy. 99mTc-HDP bone scintigraphy and 18F-FDG PET/CT were underwent for further evaluation. 99mTc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed cold lesion in the first lumbar spine which was initially hot and newly developed hot lesion in the twelfth thoracic spine, and which were shown as hypermetabolic lesions in 18F-FDG PET/CT. We report a case of bony metastasis from renal cell carcinoma which is changed from hot lesion to cold lesion in 99mTc-HDP bone scintigraphy and compare with 18F-FDG PET/CT

167

Extended endoscopic approaches for midline skull-base lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The endoscopic transsphenoidal approach has been reported in the literature as a useful tool to treat sellar and parasellar lesions. The endoscope permits a panoramic view instead of the narrow microscopic view, and it allows the inspection and removal of the lesions of sellar, parasellar, and suprasellar compartments by angled-lens endoscopes. On the basis of the experience gained with the use of the endoscope, we have performed extended endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach in 13 of 200 (total endoscopic transphenoidal approaches since September 1997) patients for the last 5 years. Extended endoscopic transsphenoidal approach was performed for three patients with pituitary adenoma, two patients with craniopharyngioma, one patient with metastatic lesion, one patient with anaplastic germinoma, two patients with chordoma, one patient with chondrosarcoma, one plasmocytoma, and two patients with tuberculum sella meningioma. Total removal of the tumor was achieved in nine patients and subtotal removal was achieved in four patients. Extended approaches are essential for reaching the area from lamina cribrosa to the cranio-cervical junction. Endoscopic approach permits reaching the lesion without brain retraction and with minimal neurovascular manipulation. The main problems are related to the hemorrhage control of intracranial vessels and to the closure of the dural and bony defects, with subsequent increased risk of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak, tensive pneumocephalus, and/or meningitis. PMID:19408020

Ceylan, Savas; Koc, Kenan; Anik, Ihsan

2009-07-01

168

Utilização da tomografia computadorizada quantitativa como teste de resistência para avaliação de placas ósseas / Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool f [...] or determining the resistance of these biomaterials.

E.V., Melo Filho; L.A.V.S., Costa; P.M.C, Freitas; D.C, Oliveira; M.W., Teixeira; F.S., Costa.

2012-06-01

169

Unusual Malignant Breast Lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Numerous unusual benign and malignant breast le-sions may be seen occasionally or rarely. Some of these lesions are distinctive and easily recognized be-cause of diagnostic clinical or radiographic criteria such as inflammatory carcinoma or Paget's disease, which are primarily a clinical diagnosis. Most of the unusual malignant breast lesions have no specific di-agnostic signs and may show the mammographic or ultrasonic findings of benign lesions. Although most radiologists may never see many of the unusual ma-lignant breast tumors, but it is important to be aware of these malignant lesions. In this article, we will present our 10-years experi-ence about unusual malignant breast lesions that in-clude breast sarcoma, phylloides tumor, Inflamma-tory carcinoma, intracystic carcinoma, Paget's dis-ease, primary lymphoma of the breast, breast metas-tasis and breast carcinoma in women less than 25 years old.

D. Farrokh

2007-05-01

170

Choroid plexus mass lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Choroid plexus mass lesions encompass a broad and heterogeneous group of diseases and their simulators. Tumors, infections, congenital anomalies, hemorrhage, cysts and degenerative diseases are some examples of mass lesions affecting the choroid plexus. In this article we review the current literature, describing the imaging findings and illustrating choroid plexus mass lesions with some cases diagnosed at our facility. Despite the inexistence of pathognomonic signs, a careful and systematic evaluation of the imaging characteristics may suggest many etiologies. (author)

171

Painful nail lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

A man, 58 years of age, presented with a 4 year history of painful lesions of his nails. His previous history included hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidaemia. These were treated with enalapril, metformin and simvastatin respectively. He also had asymptomatic skin lesions for over 15 years that had worsened in the past 4 years. His father had similar nail lesions that had been diagnosed as onychomycosis. PMID:20369112

Vano-Galvan, Sergio; Garate, Teresa; Ma, Dong-Lai; Jaén, Pedro

2010-03-01

172

Reversible focal splenial lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Reversible focal lesions in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) have recently been reported.They are circumscribed and located in the median aspect of the SCC. On MRI, they are hyperintense on T2-W and iso-hypointense on T1-W sequences, with no contrast enhancement. On DWI, SCC lesions are hyperintense with low ADC values, reflecting restricted diffusion due to cytotoxic edema. The common element is the disappearance of imaging abnormalities with time, including normalization of DWI. Clinical improvement is often reported. The most established and frequent causes of reversible focal lesions of the SCC are viral encephalitis, antiepileptic drug toxicity/withdrawal and hypoglycemic encephalopathy. Many other causes have been reported, including traumatic axonal injury. The similar clinical and imaging features suggest a common mechanism induced by different pathological events leading to the same results. Edema and diffusion restriction in focal reversible lesions of the SCC have been attributed to excitotoxic mechanisms that can result from different mechanisms; no unifying relationship has been found to explain all the pathologies associated with SCC lesions. In our opinion, the similar imaging, clinical and prognostic aspects of these lesions depend on a high vulnerability of the SCC to excitotoxic edema and are less dependent on the underlying pathology. In this review, the relevant literature concerning reversible focal lesions in the SCC is analyzed and hypoal lesions in the SCC is analyzed and hypotheses about their pathogenesis are proposed. (orig.)

173

Distance-to-Agreement Investigation of Tomotherapy's Bony Anatomy-Based Autoregistration and Planning Target Volume Contour-Based Optimization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To compare Tomotherapy's megavoltage computed tomography bony anatomy autoregistration with the best achievable registration, assuming no deformation and perfect knowledge of planning target volume (PTV) location. Methods and Materials: Distance-to-agreement (DTA) of the PTV was determined by applying a rigid-body shift to the PTV region of interest of the prostate from its reference position, assuming no deformations. Planning target volume region of interest of the prostate was extracted from the patient archives. The reference position was set by the 6 degrees of freedom (dof)—x, y, z, roll, pitch, and yaw—optimization results from the previous study at this institution. The DTA and the compensating parameters were calculated by the shift of the PTV from the reference 6-dof to the 4-dof—x, y, z, and roll—optimization. In this study, the effectiveness of Tomotherapy's 4-dof bony anatomy–based autoregistration was compared with the idealized 4-dof PTV contour-based optimization. Results: The maximum DTA (maxDTA) of the bony anatomy-based autoregistration was 3.2 ± 1.9 mm, with the maximum value of 8.0 mm. The maxDTA of the contour-based optimization was 1.8 ± 1.3 mm, with the maximum value of 5.7 mm. Comparison of Pearson correlation of the compensating parameters between the 2 4-dof optimization algorithms shows that there is a small but statistically significant correlation in y and z (0.236 and 0.300, respectively), whereas there is very weak correlation in x and roll (0.062 and 0.025, respectively). Conclusions: We find that there is an average improvement of approximately 1 mm in terms of maxDTA on the PTV going from 4-dof bony anatomy-based autoregistration to the 4-dof contour-based optimization. Pearson correlation analysis of the 2 4-dof optimizations suggests that uncertainties due to deformation and inadequate resolution account for much of the compensating parameters, but pitch variation also makes a statistically significant contribution

174

Tumor and tumor-like lesion of jaw bone: CT findings and clinical applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the CT findings and clinical applications in Jaw bone tumor and tumor-like lesions. Methods: CT appearances of 36 patients with Jaw bone tumor proved by surgery and pathology were reviewed. Results: One osteosarcoma showed irregular soft-tissue mass with osteolytic bone destruction and new tumor bone formation. Six cases of benign tumor or tumor-like lesions showed masses with regular margin, without calcification, new tumor bone formation and periosteal reaction. Six cases of ameloblastoma showed regular margin masses with multilocular and bone expansion. The multiple bone expansion and interspersed bony trabeculae were found in 2 cases of fibrous hyperplasia of bone. Conclusion: Various jaw bone tumor and tumor-like lesions demonstrated different CT features. CT scan was one of important examination methods for diagnosis and extent evaluations. (authors)

175

Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (Nora's Lesion) of the Hand: A Report of Two Atypical Cases  

Science.gov (United States)

Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP), also called Nora's lesion, is an unusual, benign, bony lesion frequently found in the hand. Originally, two of the key radiological features used to describe such lesions were: (1) a lack of corticomedullar continuity and (2) an origin from the periosteal aspect of an intact cortex. The authors present 2 unique cases of histologically proven BPOP in which the integrity of the cortex was affected. In the first case there was medullary continuity, and in the second case there was saucerization of the underlying cortical bone. The authors support that simple X-ray evaluation is insufficient to diagnose BPOP in atypical cases. Careful axial CT scanning or MRI may prove helpful. Taking into account these new notions, histopathology gains greater importance as a diagnostic tool for this particular group of entities. PMID:23326274

Barrera-Ochoa, Sergi; Lluch, Alex; Gargallo-Margarit, Albert; Pérez, Manuel; Vélez, Roberto

2012-01-01

176

Multidirectional tomography and high resolution CT in lesions of the paranasal sinuses and the pharyngeal cavity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 18 cases of neoplasm and 18 of inflammatory lesion of the paranasal sinuses and the pharyngeal cavity the results of high resolution CT (HRCT) were compared with multidirectional tomography. In one third of the cases HRCT gave more information than tomography. The value of HRCT lay in the demonstration of thin bony structures and in the differentiation between decalcification and destruction. Soft tissue involvement of the infratemporal fossa and the pharyngeal cavity is demonstrable at an earlier stage by CT and HRCT than with tomography; the same applies to small lesions in the paranasal sinuses and in the nasal cavity. Lesions in the sphenoid and frontal bones need additional evaluation by a lateral tomography. A.p. tomography becomes necessary if frontal HRCT scans are insufficient. (Auth.)

177

MRI of degenerative bone marrow lesions in experimental osteoarthritis of canine knee joints  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the value of MRI in the detection of degenerative bone marrow abnormalities in an animal osteoarthritis model. Design. In 10 dogs with experimentally induced unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee, MRI was performed using two-dimensional spin-echo (2D-SE) and three-dimensional gradient-echo (3D-GE) imaging. Contrast enhanced T1-weighted 2D-SE sequences were also obtained after injection of gadolinium-DTPA. The results were compared with the gross and histopathologic findings and with radiography. Results. Histopathologic specimens revealed 21 osteosclerotic lesions and 5 intraosseous cysts. On 2D-SE images, 24 of 26 lesions were detected, while 21 of 26 lesions were identified on 2D-GE sequences. Radiography, including conventional tomography, demonstrated 9 of 26 lesions. Regardless of the sequence weighting, all osteosclerotic lesions appeared hypointense on MRI. Signal loss in bone sclerosis resulted primarily from the reduction of intact fat marrow, the increased bone density being of secondary importance. Quantitative signal analysis allowed approximate estimation of the grade of sclerosis. On postcontrast images, sclerotic bone remained hypointense, although significant but non-specific enhancement relative to the normal fat marrow was observed. The extent of contrast enhancement did not correlate with the grade of osteosclerosis. All five cysts were readily diagnosed by MRI. Cysts displayed either central or marginal contrast enhancement within their cavities. Conclusions. MRI provides a sensitive method for the diagnosis of osteoarthritic bone abnormalities, allowing their differentiation from most non-degenerative subarticular lesions. (orig.). With 1 tab.

Nolte-Ernsting, C.C.A. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Technology, Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52057 Aachen (Germany); Adam, G. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Technology, Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52057 Aachen (Germany); Buehne, M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Technology, Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52057 Aachen (Germany); Prescher, A. [Department of Anatomy, University of Technology, Aachen (Germany); Guenther, R.W. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Technology, Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52057 Aachen (Germany)

1996-07-01

178

MRI of degenerative bone marrow lesions in experimental osteoarthritis of canine knee joints  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the value of MRI in the detection of degenerative bone marrow abnormalities in an animal osteoarthritis model. Design. In 10 dogs with experimentally induced unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee, MRI was performed using two-dimensional spin-echo (2D-SE) and three-dimensional gradient-echo (3D-GE) imaging. Contrast enhanced T1-weighted 2D-SE sequences were also obtained after injection of gadolinium-DTPA. The results were compared with the gross and histopathologic findings and with radiography. Results. Histopathologic specimens revealed 21 osteosclerotic lesions and 5 intraosseous cysts. On 2D-SE images, 24 of 26 lesions were detected, while 21 of 26 lesions were identified on 2D-GE sequences. Radiography, including conventional tomography, demonstrated 9 of 26 lesions. Regardless of the sequence weighting, all osteosclerotic lesions appeared hypointense on MRI. Signal loss in bone sclerosis resulted primarily from the reduction of intact fat marrow, the increased bone density being of secondary importance. Quantitative signal analysis allowed approximate estimation of the grade of sclerosis. On postcontrast images, sclerotic bone remained hypointense, although significant but non-specific enhancement relative to the normal fat marrow was observed. The extent of contrast enhancement did not correlate with the grade of osteosclerosis. All five cysts were readily diagnosed by MRI. Cysts displayed either central od by MRI. Cysts displayed either central or marginal contrast enhancement within their cavities. Conclusions. MRI provides a sensitive method for the diagnosis of osteoarthritic bone abnormalities, allowing their differentiation from most non-degenerative subarticular lesions. (orig.). With 1 tab

179

Occult renal cell carcinoma with acrometastasis and ipsilateral juxta-articular knee lesions mimicking acute inflammation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Generally, skeletal peripheral metastases below the elbow and the knee are rare. Skeletal metastases to the hand or foot are very rare; but when they do it may be a revealing clinical finding. Purely lytic lesions are commonly seen in metastases from lung, renal, and thyroid tumors, but they are also known to occur in primary myeloma, brown tumor and lymphomas. A 70-year-old man was brought to the emergency department with acute painful swelling involving his right hand and the right knee. Due to significant accompanying soft tissue swellings cellulitis, acute osteomyelitis and gouty arthropathy were included in the initial differential diagnosis. Radiographs showed pure lytic bony lesion with complete disappearance of lower two third of the second metacarpal, trapezium and trapezoid bones of the right hand along with a lytic subarticular lesion of medial condyle of ipsilateral femur. Chest X-ray (CXR) was normal but sonography of the abdomen readily demonstrated a large renal mass, later confirmed at biopsy as renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Clinicians should be cognizant of the strong association between digital acrometastases and renal cell carcinoma in male patients with normal CXR findings. In suspected hand acrometastasis associated with a soft tissue component outside the contours of normal bone, screening the abdomen by sonography should be done prior to bone biopsy and before costly or time-consuming investigations are offered. Metastatic RCC should be included in the differential diagnosis of all unilateral expansile bony lesions of the digit. It is particularly important if such lesion/lesions are accompanied by local inflammation. Screening the abdomen by sonography may be of particular value in such elderly male patient when Chest X-ray shows no abnormality. PMID:23326779

Borgohain, Bhaskar; Borgohain, Nitu; Khonglah, Tashi; Bareh, Jerryson

2012-01-01

180

Intraosseous osteolytic lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Any pathological damage occurring in a bone will produce either an osteolytic or osteosclerotic lesion which can be seen in the macroscopic specimen as well as in the roentgenogram. Various bone lesions may lead to local destructions of the bone. An osteoma or osteoplastic osteosarcoma produces an osteosclerotic lesion showing a dense mass in the roentgenogram; a chondroblastoma or an osteoclastoma, on the other hand, induces an osteolytic focal lesion. This paper presents examples of different osteolytic lesions of the humerus. An osteolytic lesion seen in the roentgenogram may be either produced by an underlying non-ossifying fibroma of the bone, by fibrous dysplasia, osteomyelitis or Ewing's sarcoma. Differential diagnostic considerations based on the radiological picture include eosinophilic bone granuloma, juvenile or aneurysmal bone cyst, multiple myeloma or bone metastases. Serious differential diagnostic problems may be involved in case of osteolytic lesions occurring in the humerus. Cases of this type involving complications have been reported and include the presence of an teleangiectatic osteosarcoma as well as that of a hemangiosarcoma of the bone. (orig.)

 
 
 
 
181

Reversible focal splenial lesions  

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Reversible focal lesions in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) have recently been reported.They are circumscribed and located in the median aspect of the SCC. On MRI, they are hyperintense on T2-W and iso-hypointense on T1-W sequences, with no contrast enhancement. On DWI, SCC lesions are hyperintense with low ADC values, reflecting restricted diffusion due to cytotoxic edema. The common element is the disappearance of imaging abnormalities with time, including normalization of DWI. Clinical improvement is often reported. The most established and frequent causes of reversible focal lesions of the SCC are viral encephalitis, antiepileptic drug toxicity/withdrawal and hypoglycemic encephalopathy. Many other causes have been reported, including traumatic axonal injury. The similar clinical and imaging features suggest a common mechanism induced by different pathological events leading to the same results. Edema and diffusion restriction in focal reversible lesions of the SCC have been attributed to excitotoxic mechanisms that can result from different mechanisms; no unifying relationship has been found to explain all the pathologies associated with SCC lesions. In our opinion, the similar imaging, clinical and prognostic aspects of these lesions depend on a high vulnerability of the SCC to excitotoxic edema and are less dependent on the underlying pathology. In this review, the relevant literature concerning reversible focal lesions in the SCC is analyzed and hypotheses about their pathogenesis are proposed. (orig.)

Gallucci, Massimo; Limbucci, Nicola [University of L' Aquila, Department of Radiology, S. Salvatore Hospital, L' Aquila (Italy); Paonessa, Amalia [Loreto Nuovo Hospital, Department of Neuroradiology, Napoli (Italy); Caranci, Ferdinando [Federico II University, Department of Neurological Sciences, Napoli (Italy)

2007-07-15

182

Ultrasonographic findings of soft tissue lesions in extremities  

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52 patients who had soft tissue lesions in extremity, buttock and shoulder,were studied by ultrasonography to evaluated the finding and significance of ultrasound study. The results were follows; 1. There were variable entities of diseases including 16 cases of Baker's cysts, 8 cases of abscesses, 8 cases of neoplasms, 4 case of hematomas and each case of joint effusion and bursitis, ganglion, thickening of soft tissue, muscle rupture and foreign body, respectively. 2. Baker's cyst was possibly diagnosis by characteristic site and finding with clinical history. 3. Abscess and hematoma showed hypoechoic or anechoic mass. Hematoma was easily diagnosed by associated findings with trauma, such as muscular swelling and rupture or bony fracture, but it was difficult to distinguish abscess from neoplasm due to similar finding. 4. Ultrasonography was a modality not only accurate for determining the presence, size and localization of lesion, but also easy for defining cyst or solid nature and relationship between lesion and adjacent structure.

Yang, Hae Ran; Lee, Dong Ho; Ko, Young Tae; Lee, Sun Wha; Lim, Jae Hoon [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1989-02-15

183

Thoracic hyperextension injury with complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage: Case report of a potentially life-threatening injury  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Severe chest wall injuries are potentially life-threatening injuries which require a standardized multidisciplinary management strategy for prevention of posttraumatic complications and adverse outcome. Case presentation We report the successful management of a 55-year old man who sustained a complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage secondary to an “all-terrain vehicle” roll-over accident. The injury pattern consisted of a bilateral “flail chest” with serial segmental rib fractures, bilateral hemo-pneumothoraces and pulmonary contusions, bilateral midshaft clavicle fractures, a displaced transverse sternum fracture with significant diastasis, and an unstable T9 hyperextension injury. After initial life-saving procedures, the chest wall injuries were sequentially stabilized by surgical fixation of bilateral clavicle fractures, locked plating of the displaced sternal fracture, and a two-level anterior spine fixation of the T9 hyperextension injury. The patient had an excellent radiological and physiological outcome at 6?months post injury. Conclusion Severe chest wall trauma with a complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage represents a rare, but detrimental injury pattern. Multidisciplinary management with a staged timing for addressing each of the critical injuries, represents the ideal approach for an excellent long-term outcome.

Bailey James

2012-05-01

184

Malignant focal liver lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Focal liver lesions are a very common occurrence. The detection and differentiation of such lesions is particularly important for the management of oncology patients and is a core task for radiology. The early and conclusive detection of malignant liver processes in a cost-efficient manner and with a low radiation dose for the patient requires systematic and skillful use of the various radiological methods. This review explains the application of current radiological methods for the detection and differentiation of malignant liver lesions and the typical appearance of the most commonly found liver malignancies. (orig.)

185

Problematic lesions in children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Melanoma in childhood is rare, and appears more commonly either in association with a preexisting (congenital) nevus, or with spitzoid features than de novo. Thus, problematic melanocytic lesions in children are essentially represented by congenital nevi and Spitz nevi that can be regarded as melanoma precursors and melanoma simulators, respectively. As a consequence, clinical and dermoscopic features of melanoma in children differ from those in an adult population. Herein we describe common clinical and dermoscopic features of problematic lesions in children, focusing on congenital and Spitz/Reed nevi, and including other problematic lesions, such as atypical, blue, acral, and scalp nevi. PMID:24075543

Moscarella, Elvira; Piccolo, Vincenzo; Argenziano, Giuseppe; Lallas, Aimilios; Longo, Caterina; Castagnetti, Fabio; Pizzigoni, Stefania; Zalaudek, Iris

2013-10-01

186

The Management of Metastatic Thyroid Carcinoma: An Initial Presentation with Bony Metastasis  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Metastatic thyroid carcinoma presenting at the initial time of diagnosis is uncommon and the prognosis is unclear. Long term survival rates are variable ranging from 13% to 100%. This case report is presented to illustrate potential management and lend statistical power to future analysis of the correct treatment planning, mortality rates, and prognostic indications for an uncommon presentation of thyroid cancer. Case presentation: This patient is a 63 year old female who presented with new onset of progressive right hip pain. She was treated with a cortisone injection for presumed osteoarthritis but did not improve. Physical exam at the time was pertinent for a body mass index (BMI of 38.4, mild systolic hypertension, difficulty walking secondary to the right hip pain, limited range of motion at the hip, and fullness of right thyroid gland with no palpable nodules. Laboratory evaluation including thyroid function tests was normal. However, CT and MRI scans revealed a 6.5 cm × 5 cm osteolytic expansive lesion on the right iliac crest with a soft tissue mass. In addition, an enlarged right thyroid lobe and small nodular densities in the lungs suspicious for metastatic disease were noted. A fine needle aspiration of the right ileum revealed metastatic follicular adenocarcinoma consistent with a thyroid primary. The patient was not a surgical candidate due to the extent of disease. She received 37.5 Gy to both the right iliac crest mass and the neck to include the thyroid lesion, followed by iodine-131 ablation and bisphosphonate therapy. Her disease was stable on her last follow up at 48 months. Conclusion: Further studies identifying independent variables such as age of the patient, site and extent of the disease and histology of the tumor are needed to help determine the true prognosis and proper management patients with this presentation. The optimal treatment with potential chance for cure in patients with metastatic thyroid carcinoma has yet to be elucidated.

Tony Y. Eng

2011-10-01

187

Influence of rotational setup error on tumor shift in bony anatomy matching measured with pulmonary point registration in stereotactic body radiotherapy for early lung cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to examine the correlation between the patient rotational error measured with pulmonary point registration and tumor shift after bony anatomy matching in stereotactic body radiotherapy for lung cancer. Twenty-six patients with lung cancer who underwent stereotactic body radiotherapy were the subjects. On 104 cone-beam computed tomography measurements performed prior to radiation delivery, rotational setup errors were measured with point registration using pulmonary structures. Translational registration using bony anatomy matching was done and the three-dimensional vector of tumor displacement was measured retrospectively. Correlation among the three-dimensional vector and rotational error and vertebra-tumor distance was investigated quantitatively. The median and maximum rotational errors of the roll, pitch and yaw were 0.8, 0.9 and 0.5, and 6.0, 4.5 and 2.5, respectively. Bony anatomy matching resulted in a 0.2-1.6 cm three-dimensional vector of tumor shift. The shift became larger as the vertebra-tumor distance increased. Multiple regression analysis for the three-dimensional vector indicated that in the case of bony anatomy matching, tumor shifts of 5 and 10 mm were expected for vertebra-tumor distances of 4.46 and 14.1 cm, respectively. Using pulmonary point registration, it was found that the rotational setup error influences the tumor shift. Bony anatomy matching is not appropriate for hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherpofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy with a tight margin. (author)

188

Laser Vascular Lesion Treatment  

Science.gov (United States)

... below medications has been discussed with your doctor): Aspirin Ibuprofen Vitamin E Gingko and ginseng Fish oil supplements Prescription blood-thinning medications (eg, warfarin or heparin) With laser vascular lesion treatment, there are many ...

189

Hypervascular liver lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypervascular hepatocellular lesions include both benign and malignant etiologies. In the benign category, focal nodular hyperplasia and adenoma are typically hypervascular. In addition, some regenerative nodules in cirrhosis may be hypervascular. Malignant hypervascular primary hepatocellular lesions include hepatocellular carcinoma, fibrolamellar carcinoma, and peripheral cholangiocarcinoma. Vascular liver lesions often appear hypervascular because they tend to follow the enhancement of the blood pool; these include hemangiomas, arteriovenous malformations, angiosarcomas, and peliosis. While most gastrointestinal malignancies that metastasize to the liver will appear hypovascular on arterial and portal-venous phase imaging, certain cancers such as metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (including pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, carcinoid, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors) tend to produce hypervascular metastases due to the greater recruitment of arterial blood supply. Finally, rare hepatic lesions such as glomus tumor and inflammatory pseudotumor may have a hypervascular appearance. PMID:19842564

Kamaya, Aya; Maturen, Katherine E; Tye, Grace A; Liu, Yueyi I; Parti, Naveen N; Desser, Terry S

2009-10-01

190

Skin lesion biopsy  

Science.gov (United States)

... part of the lesion. You do not need stitches. At the end of the procedure, medicine is ... any bleeding. Often, the area is closed with stitches. Excisional Biopsy An excisional biopsy is usually done ...

191

Diffuse cavitary lung lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An 11-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of progressively worsening cough, daily fevers, and weight loss. A chest radiograph revealed multiple cystic cavitary lung lesions. An extensive infectious work-up was negative. Chest CT verified multiple cavitary lung lesions bilaterally, and [F-18]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography with CT (PET/CT) showed increased uptake in the lung lesions as well as regional lymph nodes. Subsequent biopsy of an involved lymph node confirmed classical Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis type. This case represents an unusual presentation for a child with Hodgkin lymphoma and demonstrates a role for 18F-FDG PET/CT in evaluating a child with cavitary lung lesions. (orig.)

192

Diffuse cavitary lung lesions  

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An 11-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of progressively worsening cough, daily fevers, and weight loss. A chest radiograph revealed multiple cystic cavitary lung lesions. An extensive infectious work-up was negative. Chest CT verified multiple cavitary lung lesions bilaterally, and [F-18]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ({sup 18}F-FDG) positron emission tomography with CT (PET/CT) showed increased uptake in the lung lesions as well as regional lymph nodes. Subsequent biopsy of an involved lymph node confirmed classical Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis type. This case represents an unusual presentation for a child with Hodgkin lymphoma and demonstrates a role for {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in evaluating a child with cavitary lung lesions. (orig.)

Grunzke, Mindy; Garrington, Timothy [University of Colorado Denver, Department of Pediatrics, Aurora, CO (United States); The Children' s Hospital, Rick Wilson Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Aurora, CO (United States); Hayes, Kari [The Children' s Hospital, Pediatric Radiology, Aurora, CO (United States); Bourland, Wendy [Children' s Hospital at St. Francis, Warren Clinic, Inc., Tulsa, OK (United States)

2010-02-15

193

Skin lesion of blastomycosis  

Science.gov (United States)

... central and southeastern United States, and in Canada, India, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Africa. A person gets ... is diagnosed by identifying the fungus in a culture taken from a skin lesion. This usually requires ...

194

[Osteoarticular lesions from parachuting].  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on personal experience gained in a parachuting centre (Pescara Aero-club) from 1975 up to 1988, the authors report their evaluation on chronic and acute osteoarticular lesions. The review of the cases was not based on the incidence of the lesions nor on their characteristics, normally found in common traumatology, but it was related to the dynamics of the trauma during the landing and to painful syndromes following a prolonged parachuting activity. PMID:2082779

Orso, C A; Valbonesi, L; Calabrese, B F; D'Onofrio, S

1990-01-01

195

Lesiones deportivas Sports injuries  

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El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las diferencias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000...

Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching; Santiago Patiño Giraldo; Elkín Arango V.; Mónica Paola Clavijo Rodríguez; Jorge Alberto Osorio Ciro

2007-01-01

196

Unusual benign breast lesions  

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The purpose of this article is to show examples of the radiological (mammography and/or ultrasound) and pathological appearances of unusual benign breast lesions. The conditions covered are granular cell tumours, fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis, myofibroblastomas, haemangiomas, neurofibromas, and leiomyomas. The article includes the first published description of the ultrasound appearance of a myofibroblastoma. Knowledge of these appearances may help confirm or refute radiological-pathological concordance of percutaneous biopsy results during multidisciplinary assessment of these lesions and aid patient management.

Porter, G.J.R. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: gporter@ncht.trent.nhs.uk; Evans, A.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); Lee, A.H.S. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); Hamilton, L.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); James, J.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom)

2006-07-15

197

Oral lesions in leprosy  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Leprotic oral lesions are more common in the lepromatous form of leprosy, indicate a late manifestation, and have a great epidemiological importance as a source of infection. METHODS: Patients with leprosy were examined searching for oral lesions. Biopsies of the left buccal mucosa in all patients, and of oral lesions, were performed and were stained with H&E and Wade. RESULTS: Oral lesions were found in 26 patients, 11 lepromatous leprosy, 14 borderline leprosy, and one tuberculoid leprosy. Clinically 5 patients had enanthem of the anterior pillars, 3 of the uvula and 3 of the palate. Two had palatal infiltration. Viable bacilli were found in two lepromatous patients. Biopsies of the buccal mucosa showed no change or a nonspecific inflammatory infiltrate. Oral clinical alterations were present in 69% of the patients; of these 50% showed histopathological features in an area without any lesion. DISCUSSION: Our clinical and histopathological findings corroborate earlier reports that there is a reduced incidence of oral changes, which is probably due to early treatment. The maintenance of oral infection in this area can also lead to and maintain lepra reactions, while they may also act as possible infection sources. Attention should be given to oral disease in leprosy because detection and treatment of oral lesions can prevent the spread of the disease.

Costa A

2003-11-01

198

Diagnostic value of apparent diffusion coefficients to differentiate benign from malignant vertebral bone marrow lesions  

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Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained in diffusion-weighted (DW) MR sequences for the differentiation between malignant and benign bone marrow lesions. Method: Forty-five patients with altered signal intensity vertebral bodies on conventional MR sequences were included. The cause of altered signal intensity was benign osteoporotic collapse in 16, acute neoplastic infiltration in 15, and infectious processes in 14; based on plain-film, CT, bone scintigraphy, conventional MR studies, biopsy or follow-up. All patients underwent isotropic DW MR images (multi-shot EPI, b values of 0 and 500 s/mm{sup 2}). Signal intensity at DW MR images was evaluated and ADC values were calculated and compared between malignancy, benign edema and infectious spondylitis. Results: Acute malignant fractures were hyperintense compared to normal vertebral bodies on the diffusion-weighted sequence, except in one patient with sclerotic metastases. Mean ADC value from benign edema (1.9 {+-} 0.39 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher than untreated metastasic lesions (0.9 {+-} 1.3 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s). Mean ADC value of infectious spondilytis (0.96 {+-} 0.49 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) was not statistically (p > 0.05) different from untreated metastasic lesions. ADC value was low (0.75 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) in one case of subacute benign fracture. Conclusions: ADC values are a useful complementary tool to characterize bone marrow lesions, in order to distinguish acute benign fractures from malignant or infectious bone lesions. However, ADC values are not valuable in order to differentiate malignancy from infection.

Balliu, E. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: eballiu@gmail.com; Vilanova, J.C. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, Clinica Girona, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: Kvilanova@comg.es; Pelaez, I. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: isapelaezrx@yahoo.es; Puig, J. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: jpuigalcantara@yahoo.es; Remollo, S. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: sremollo@gmail.com; Barcelo, C. [Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, University of Girona (Spain)], E-mail: carles.barcelo@udg.es; Barcelo, J. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, Clinica Girona, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: rmgirona@comg.es; Pedraza, S. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: sapedraza@gmail.com

2009-03-15

199

Importance of MRI in the diagnosis of vertebral involvement in generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 9-year-old boy presented with the sudden onset of pleuritic chest pain and on CT was found to have a large pleural effusion, mediastinal fluid, splenic lesions and multiple apparently sclerotic vertebral bodies. Subsequent MRI showed that those vertebral bodies that appeared sclerotic were in fact normal, and the vertebral bodies initially interpreted as normal had an abnormal T1 and T2 hyperintense signal on MRI and were relatively lucent on CT. MRI also demonstrated abnormal heterogeneous T2 hyperintense paraspinal tissue and several multicystic soft tissue masses. Biopsy of two adjacent vertebral bodies, one relatively sclerotic and one lucent, demonstrated findings of bony remodeling without a specific diagnosis. Biopsy of an infiltrative mediastinal mass confirmed the diagnosis of generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis. MRI should be included in the assessment of vertebral involvement in this condition because CT and biopsy findings may be nonspecific. PMID:24950879

Renjen, Pooja; Kovanlikaya, Arzu; Narula, Navneet; Brill, Paula W

2014-11-01

200

Essential, trace and toxic element concentrations in the liver of the world's largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola).  

Science.gov (United States)

No studies document essential (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium), trace (barium, boron, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, zinc) or toxic element (antimony, arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, thallium) concentrations in any members of the family Molidae, including the world's largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola). Here, we analyzed 21 elements in the liver of one M. mola. These values were compared to liver concentrations in multiple species with spatial and dietary overlap. Concentrations of calcium (3339 ppm wet weight) and iron (2311 ppm wet weight) were extremely elevated in comparison to a number of other fish species, indicating that calcium and/or iron toxicity may have occurred in this animal. Concentrations of toxic elements were generally low, with the exception of cadmium (3.5 ppm). This study represents the first report of essential, trace and toxic elements in this species. PMID:24341944

Perrault, Justin R; Buchweitz, John P; Lehner, Andreas F

2014-02-15

 
 
 
 
201

Management of an endo perio lesion in a maxillary canine using platelet-rich plasma concentrate and an alloplastic bone substitute  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma concentrate in the management of a cirumferential, infrabony defect associated with an endoperio lesion in a maxillary canine. A 45 year-old male patient with an endoperio lesion in the left maxillary canine was initially treated with endodontic therapy. Following the endodontic treatment, the circumferential, infrabony defect was treated using platelet-rich plasma and an alloplastic bone substitute. At the end of three months, there was a gain in the clinical attachment level and reduction in probing depth. Radiographic evidence showed that there was significant bony fill. The results were maintained at the time of recall nine months later.

Singh Sangeeta

2009-01-01

202

Radiologic diagnosis of the shoulder dislocation and its associated osseous lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Among the dislocations of the larger joints of the human body, those of the shoulder are the most frequent ones. They are often associated with osseous lesions, which are of importance in treatment and prognosis. Radiologic diagnostic procedures must take this into consideration in view of the causal mechanisms of trauma. In search for the bony lesions, routine techniques of projection exist which are evidently not always used as often as would be desirable. These projections also help to detect and to accurately locate the dislocation, which may sometimes be difficult to diagnose. Posterior dislocations, for example, are misdiagnosed or overlooked radiologically (and clinically) in about 50% of the cases. This could partly be avoided by the consequent use of a few, but essential projection procedures. (orig.)

203

Immunopathology of skin lesions  

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Full Text Available A study was conducted on 130 patients suffering from skin lesions which included psoriasis, lichen planus, DLE, pemphigus, vitiligo and alopecia areata. Forty age-and-sex-matched healthy individuals served as control. Serum IgG, IgM, and circulating immune complexes (CIC were estimated. Significant increase in serum IgG (1937.2 ± 1030.43 mg% and IgM (232.12 ± 136.98 mg% was observed in all the skin lesions when compared with controls except in lichen planus where they were significantly lowered, values being 580.61± 77.35 mg% and 66.88 ± 6.59mg% respectively. CIC levels were significantly raised (P<0.00 1 in various skin lesions (40.49±23.29 when compared with controls (17.68± 3.21, but no significance was observed in lichen planus( 17.72 ± 4.28. Serum IgG, IgM and CIC were statistically significantly altered depending on the extent of the lesion and lowered significantly to almost normal values following treatment, thereby confirming the role of immunity in the pathogenesis of these skin disorders.

Khan Nazoora

2001-09-01

204

Development of efficient electron beam irradiating condition of artificial bone substitutes with 7 to 3 ratio of hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate and type I collagen to maximize bony regeneration  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bony defects in oral and maxillofacial region was a common problem -Auto graft -Allograft -Xenograft. Accenting bone is 'Gold standard' for bone defect repair and from the rib, iliac crest, jaw and tibia. Bone is 70% inorganic components -which provide firmness, and approx. and 30% organic substances.

Kim, Soung Min; Eo, Mi Young; Myoung, Hoon; Kang, Ji Young; Lee, Jong Ho [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Hye Jin [Korea Basic Science Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Yea, Kwon Hae; Lee, Byungcheol [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-07-01

205

A Comparison of Soft-Tissue Implanted Markers and Bony Anatomy Alignments for Image-Guided Treatments of Head-and-Neck Cancers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ased on implanted markers generate shifts comparable overall to the traditional bony-based alignment, with no observed systematic difference in magnitude or direction. The cumulative dosimetric impact on target clinical target volume and planning target volume coverage was found to be similar, despite large observed differences in daily alignment shifts between the two techniques.

206

Radiological diagnosis of chronic spinal cord compressive lesion at thoraco-lumbar junction  

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Radiological findings in five cases with chronic spinal cord compressive lesion at thoraco-lumbar junction were reported. Three cases had spondylosis and two cases had ossification of yellow ligament (OYL). The levels of the lesions were T12/L1 in three cases and T11/12 in two cases. Two out of three spondylotic patients had also OYL at the same level. The five cases consisted of three men and two women. The ages ranged from 42 to 60 years old with a mean age of 53 years old. Neurologically, every patient showed flaccid paresis and sensory disturbance of the legs. Two cases had sensory disturbance of stocking type. The intervals from the onset of the symptoms to the final diagnosis were 6 months, 7 years, 8 years, 11 years and 12 years. Myelography showed anterior spinal cord compression by bony spur in spondylotic patients, and posterior compression by OYL in other cases. Myelography in flexion posture disclosed the cord compression by bony spur more clearly in two out of three spondylotic patients. Delayed CT-myelography showed intramedullary filling of contrast material in two cases, which indicated degenerative change or microcavitation due to long term compression of the spinal cord. MRI was taken in three spondylotic patients and could directly show compression of the spinal cord. Difficulty in detecting abnormality at thoraco-lumbar junction on plain roentgenogram, and similarity of the symptoms to peripheral nerve disease often lead to a delay in diagnosis. The significance of dynamic myelography and delayed CT-myelography when dealing with such a lesion was discussed here. MRI is also a useful method for diagnosing a compressive lesion at the thoraco-lumbar junction.

Koyanagi, Izumi; Isu, Toyohiko; Iwasaki, Yoshinobu; Akino, Minoru; Abe, Hiroshi; Tashiro, Kunio; Miyasaka, Kazuo; Abe, Satoru; Kaneda, Kiyoshi

1988-10-01

207

On-line image guidance for frameless stereotactic radiotherapy of lung malignancies by cone beam CT: Comparison between target localization and alignment on bony anatomy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Introduction. Free-breathing stereotactic radiotherapy for lung malignancies requires reliable prediction of respiratory motion and accurate target localization. A protocol was adopted for reproducibility and reduction of respiratory motion and for target localization by CBCT image guidance. Tumor respiratory displacements and tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy alignment are analyzed. Materials and method. Image guided SRT was performed for 99 lung malignancies. Two groups of patients were considered: group A did not perform any breathing control; group B controlled visually their respiratory cycle and volumes on an Active Breathing Coordinator (ABC) monitor during the acquisition of simulation CT and CBCT, and treatment delivery. GTV on end inhale and exhale CT data sets were fused in an ITV and the extent of tumor motion evaluated between these 2 phases. A pre-treatment CBCT was acquired and aligned to the reference CT using bony anatomy; for tumor positioning the ITV contour on the reference CT was matched to the visible tumor on CBCT. Interobserver variability of tumor positioning was evaluated. ITV and CBCT tumor dimensions were compared. Results. 3D tumor breathing displacement (mean±SD) was significantly higher for group A (14.7±9.9 mm) than for group B (4.7±3.1 mm). The detected differences between tumor and bony structure alignment below 3 mm were 68% for group B and 45% for group A, reaching statistical significance. Interobserver variabilil significance. Interobserver variability was 1.7±1.1 mm (mean±SD). Dimensions of tumor image on CBCT were consistent with ITV dimensions for group B (max difference 14%). Conclusions. The adopted protocol seems effective in reducing respiratory internal movements and margin. Tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy are also reduced. However bony anatomy as a surrogate of the target may still lead to some relevant positioning errors. Target visualization on CBCT is essential for an accurate localization in lung SRT

208

Lesiones deportivas Sports injuries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las diferencias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados. Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to compare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching

2007-04-01

209

spinal cord lesions.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Currently, much interest in neuro-rehabilitation is focused on mechanisms related to axonal outgrowth and formation of new circuits although still little is known about the functionality in motor behavior. This is a highly exciting avenue of research and most important to consider when dealing with large lesions. Here, we address endogenous mechanisms with the potential of modifying the function of already existing spinal circuits via associative plasticity. We forward a hypothesis based on experimental findings suggesting that potentiation of synaptic transmission in un-injured pathways can be monitored and adjusted by a Cerebellar loop involving the Reticulospinal, Rubrospinal and Corticospinal tracts and spinal interneurons with projection to motoneurons. This mechanism could be of relevance when lesions are less extensive and the integrity of the neural circuits remain in part. Endogenous plasticity in the spinal cord could be of clinical importance if stimulated in an adequate manner e.g. by using optimal training protocols.

BrorAlstermark

2014-04-01

210

Aggressive Ewing's sarcoma appearing as a cold lesion on bone scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ewing's sarcoma classically presents as a hot spot on bone scan as a result of increased vascularity of the tumor and new bone formation. Purpose We report and analyze an uncommon pattern of a 'cold' lesion in Ewing's sarcoma on bone scan and its pathophysiologic significance. Case report A 15-year-old boy complaining of thigh pain. CT scan evoked Ewing's sarcoma or osteitis. MRI evoked chronic osteitis. Scintigraphy showed a fairly intense and heterogeneous uptake on the femoral lesion and no abnormal uptake elsewhere. Biopsy showed none pathologic pattern. Three months later, a second biopsy concluded to Ewing's sarcoma. Bone scan showed a larger lesion with peripheral intense uptake centered by enlarged 'cold' area in the left femoral diaphysis and no evident bone metastasis. The patient underwent chemotherapy and surgery. Three months later, bone scan showed extensive skeletal metastasis. Conclusion Ewing's sarcoma appears usually as an intense lesion on bone scan. Nevertheless, decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake or 'cold' lesion may be seen in aggressive Ewing's sarcoma with lytic tumor, growth of which is very rapid and bony reaction is minimal. (authors)

211

Novel lesion detection aids.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several non-invasive and novel aids for the detection of (and in some cases monitoring of) caries lesions have been introduced in the field of 'caries diagnostics' over the last 15 years. This chapter focusses on those available to dentists at the time of writing; continuing research is bound to lead to further developments in the coming years. Laser fluorescence is based on measurements of back-scattered fluorescence of a 655-nm light source. It enhances occlusal and (potentially) approximal lesion detection and enables semi-quantitative caries monitoring. Systematic reviews have identified false-positive results as a limitation. Quantitative light-induced fluorescence is another sensitive method to quantitatively detect and measure mineral loss both in enamel and some dentine lesions; again, the trade-offs with lower specificity when compared with clinical visual detection must be considered. Subtraction radiography is based on the principle of digitally superimposing two radiographs with exactly the same projection geometry. This method is applicable for approximal surfaces and occlusal caries involving dentine but is not yet widely available. Electrical caries measurements gather either site-specific or surface-specific information of teeth and tooth structure. Fixed-frequency devices perform best for occlusal dentine caries but the method has also shown promise for lesions in enamel and other tooth surfaces with multi-frequency approaches. All methods require further research and further validation in well-designed clinical trials. In the future, they could have useful applications in clinical practice as part of a personalized, comprehensive caries management system. PMID:19494675

Neuhaus, K W; Longbottom, C; Ellwood, R; Lussi, A

2009-01-01

212

Percutaneous bone lesion ablation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Benign tumors and metastatic bone lesions can be treated by ablation techniques performed either alone or in combination with other percutaneous techniques. Ablation techniques include ethanol or acetic acid injection and thermal ablation by means of energy deposition [including laser, radiofrequency, microwave, cryoablation, radiofrequency ionization and magnetic resonance (MR)-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU)]. Goal definition of the therapy is crucial: ablation techniques can be proposed as curative treatments in benign bone tumors or oligometastatic disease (pain, local control of the disease and tumor decompression. Depending on the lesion's location ablation can be combined with cementation with or without further metallic augmentation; local tumor control can be enhanced by combining ablation with transarterial bland embolization or chemoembolization. Thermal ablation of bone and soft tissues is characterized by high success and relatively low rates of potential complications, mainly iatrogenic thermal damage of surrounding sensitive structures. Successful thermal ablation requires a sufficient ablation volume and thermal protection of the surrounding vulnerable structures. This article will describe the general principles governing ablation and the mechanism of action for each technique and in addition will review the literature about safety and effectiveness of percutaneous imaging-guided ablation for benign and malignant (primary and metastatic) lesions. PMID:24894924

Filippiadis, Dimitrios K; Tutton, Sean; Kelekis, Alexis

2014-07-01

213

Staging of osteonecrosis of the jaw requires computed tomography for accurate definition of the extent of bony disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Management of osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with antiresorptive agents is challenging, and outcomes are unpredictable. The severity of disease is the main guide to management, and can help to predict prognosis. Most available staging systems for osteonecrosis, including the widely-used American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) system, classify severity on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings. However, clinical inspection and radiography are limited in their ability to identify the extent of necrotic bone disease compared with computed tomography (CT). We have organised a large multicentre retrospective study (known as MISSION) to investigate the agreement between the AAOMS staging system and the extent of osteonecrosis of the jaw (focal compared with diffuse involvement of bone) as detected on CT. We studied 799 patients with detailed clinical phenotyping who had CT images taken. Features of diffuse bone disease were identified on CT within all AAOMS stages (20%, 8%, 48%, and 24% of patients in stages 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively). Of the patients classified as stage 0, 110/192 (57%) had diffuse disease on CT, and about 1 in 3 with CT evidence of diffuse bone disease was misclassified by the AAOMS system as having stages 0 and 1 osteonecrosis. In addition, more than a third of patients with AAOMS stage 2 (142/405, 35%) had focal bone disease on CT. We conclude that the AAOMS staging system does not correctly identify the extent of bony disease in patients with osteonecrosis of the jaw. PMID:24856927

Bedogni, Alberto; Fedele, Stefano; Bedogni, Giorgio; Scoletta, Matteo; Favia, Gianfranco; Colella, Giuseppe; Agrillo, Alessandro; Bettini, Giordana; Di Fede, Olga; Oteri, Giacomo; Fusco, Vittorio; Gabriele, Mario; Ottolenghi, Livia; Valsecchi, Stefano; Porter, Stephen; Petruzzi, Massimo; Arduino, Paolo; D'Amato, Salvatore; Ungari, Claudio; Fung Polly, Pok-Lam; Saia, Giorgia; Campisi, Giuseppina

2014-09-01

214

A clinical study on the efficacy of hydroxyapatite - Bioactive glass composite granules in the management of periodontal bony defects  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: In periodontal regeneration, several alloplastic materials are being used with a goal to reconstruct new osseous tissue in the infrabony defect sites. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of hydroxyapatite–bioactive glass (HA:BG) composite granules in the management of periodontal bony defects. Materials and Methods: A randomized control study was conducted. Subjects with infrabony defects were divided into three groups. Test Group 1 (n = 10): Defect site was treated with HA:BG, with a biodegradable membrane. Test Group 2 (n = 10): Defect site was treated with HAP, with a biodegradable membrane. Control group (n = 10): Defect site was treated with open flap debridement with a biodegradable membrane Results: The healing of defects was uneventful and free of any biological complications. The gain in clinical attachment level, reduction of probing pocket depth, and defect fill were statistically significant in all three groups. TG1 sites showed significant defect fill than TG2 and CG sites. Conclusion: The performance of HA:BG was better compared to HAP and open flap debridement for the reconstruction of infrabony defects. PMID:25425821

Debnath, Tirthankar; Chakraborty, Abhijit; Pal, Tamal Kanti

2014-01-01

215

A disappearing neonatal skin lesion.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

A preterm baby girl was noted at birth to have a firm, raised, non-tender skin lesion located over her right hip. She developed three similar smaller lesions on her ear, buttock and right knee. All lesions had resolved by 2 months of age.

Hawkes, Colin Patrick

2012-01-31

216

Lesiones deportivas / Sports injuries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las difere [...] ncias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados). Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Abstract in english Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to c [...] ompare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

JORGE ALBERTO, OSORIO CIRO; MÓNICA PAOLA, CLAVIJO RODRÍGUEZ; ELKIN, ARANGO V; SANTIAGO, PATIÑO GIRALDO; ISABEL CRISTINA, GALLEGO CHING.

217

Multiple bony metastases of breast cancer. Role of CA 15.3 and response to hormone therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bone metastases are involved in a 65-75% of advanced metastatic breast cancer cases. Tumoral markers (CEA, CA 15.3) are useful in the follow-up and evaluation of response to treatment. Hormonal therapy is the optimal treatment option in low grade metastatic breast cancer due to low toxicity and general long term good response. We present a breast cancer case treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The patient was asymptomatic during the follow-up and multiple bone metastases were diagnosed as a result of an increased CA 15.3 marker found. Hormone therapy was the recommended initial treatment with good response and tolerance. Bone lesions remained stabilized for 7 years but after treatment suspension new bone lesions appeared. CA 15.3 marker had increased again. Reintroduction of hormonal therapy achieved again the stabilization of the lesions

218

The significance of a hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the significance of the hypoplastic canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and the relationship between the hypoplastic bony canal and aplasia or hypoplasia of the cochlear nerve. A retrospective review of high resolution temporal CT(HRCT) and MRI findings was conducted. The narrow bony canal of the cochlear nerve and the relative size of the internal auditory canal were correlated with the cochlear nerve deficiency on MRI. The comparative size of the component nerves (facial, cochlear, superior vestibular, inferior vestibular nerve), and the relative size of the internal auditory canal and the bony canal of the cochlear nerve were measured. The clinical history and the results of the clinical examination were reviewed for each patient. High resolution MRI showed aplasia of the common vestibulocochlear nerve in one patient and a deficiency of the cochlear nerve in 9 patients. These abnormalities occurred in association with a prominent narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and a stenosis of the internal auditory canal, which was observed on temporal bone CT in 9 patients with congenital SNHL. Three patients had normal IAC, despite the presence of a hypoplastic cochlear nerve on the side on which they had SNHL. In one patient, the narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and internal auditory canal were not found to be associated with acquired SNHL. The hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve might be more highly indicative of congenital cochlear nerve deficiency than that of the narrow internal auditory canal, and the position of the crista falciformis should also be carefully

219

The significance of a hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss: CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the significance of the hypoplastic canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and the relationship between the hypoplastic bony canal and aplasia or hypoplasia of the cochlear nerve. A retrospective review of high resolution temporal CT(HRCT) and MRI findings was conducted. The narrow bony canal of the cochlear nerve and the relative size of the internal auditory canal were correlated with the cochlear nerve deficiency on MRI. The comparative size of the component nerves (facial, cochlear, superior vestibular, inferior vestibular nerve), and the relative size of the internal auditory canal and the bony canal of the cochlear nerve were measured. The clinical history and the results of the clinical examination were reviewed for each patient. High resolution MRI showed aplasia of the common vestibulocochlear nerve in one patient and a deficiency of the cochlear nerve in 9 patients. These abnormalities occurred in association with a prominent narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and a stenosis of the internal auditory canal, which was observed on temporal bone CT in 9 patients with congenital SNHL. Three patients had normal IAC, despite the presence of a hypoplastic cochlear nerve on the side on which they had SNHL. In one patient, the narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and internal auditory canal were not found to be associated with acquired SNHL. The hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve might be more highly indicative of congenital cochlear nerve deficiency than that of the narrow internal auditory canal, and the position of the crista falciformis should also be carefully.

Choi, Yoon Jung; Park, Sang Yoo; Kim, Myung Soon; Sung, Ki Jun [College of Medicine, Yonsei Univ., Wonju (Korea, Republic of)

2004-04-01

220

Implante de biomateriais e a consolidação óssea em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia / Influence of biomaterials on the bony consolidation in spayed female dogs  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Avaliou-se a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e hidroxiapatita com colágeno na aceleração da consolidação óssea do rádio de cadelas adultas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia (OSH). Utilizaram-se 14 cadelas adultas, distribuídas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo-controle e grupo OSH (submet [...] idas à OSH). Quatro meses após a OSH, as cadelas dos dois grupos foram submetidas à cirurgia para produção de uma falha óssea de 4mm de diâmetro nos terços distal e proximal do rádio. No terço distal do membro direito, foi utilizada a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e, no membro esquerdo, a hidroxiapatita com colágeno; no terço proximal, não se utilizou nenhum biomaterial. Houve retardo na consolidação das falhas ósseas nas cadelas submetidas à OSH comparadas com as não submetidas. A hidroxiapatita com alandronato acelerou o processo de reparação e, em todos os animais dos dois grupos, a densidade óssea foi significativamente maior no terço distal onde foi implantada. Os dois biomateriais apresentaram biocompatibilidade, constatada pela ausência de reação inflamatória ou outra reação indesejável. Abstract in english The hydroxyapatite with alendronate and hydroxyapatite with collagen were evaluated in the acceleration of the bony consolidation of adult spayed bitch radius. For that, 14 adult bitches were distributed in two groups (control and spayed). Four months after ovariohysterectomy, the groups were submit [...] ted to the surgery for production of a 4mm diameter bony flaw in the distal and proximal third regions of the radius. In the distal region of the right thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with alendronate was used. In the distal region of the left thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with collagen was used. Any biomaterial was used in proximal part of the limb. There was a retard in bony flaws consolidation in the spayed bitches. Hydroxyapatite with alendronate showed better result, since the place it was implanted considerably increased the bony formation. Both biomaterials presented biocompatibility, verified by the absence of inflammatory reaction or other undesirable reaction.

A.I., Roque-Rodriguez; S.M., Baraldi-Artoni; D., Oliveira.

1054-10-01

 
 
 
 
221

Implante de biomateriais e a consolidação óssea em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia Influence of biomaterials on the bony consolidation in spayed female dogs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Avaliou-se a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e hidroxiapatita com colágeno na aceleração da consolidação óssea do rádio de cadelas adultas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia (OSH. Utilizaram-se 14 cadelas adultas, distribuídas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo-controle e grupo OSH (submetidas à OSH. Quatro meses após a OSH, as cadelas dos dois grupos foram submetidas à cirurgia para produção de uma falha óssea de 4mm de diâmetro nos terços distal e proximal do rádio. No terço distal do membro direito, foi utilizada a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e, no membro esquerdo, a hidroxiapatita com colágeno; no terço proximal, não se utilizou nenhum biomaterial. Houve retardo na consolidação das falhas ósseas nas cadelas submetidas à OSH comparadas com as não submetidas. A hidroxiapatita com alandronato acelerou o processo de reparação e, em todos os animais dos dois grupos, a densidade óssea foi significativamente maior no terço distal onde foi implantada. Os dois biomateriais apresentaram biocompatibilidade, constatada pela ausência de reação inflamatória ou outra reação indesejável.The hydroxyapatite with alendronate and hydroxyapatite with collagen were evaluated in the acceleration of the bony consolidation of adult spayed bitch radius. For that, 14 adult bitches were distributed in two groups (control and spayed. Four months after ovariohysterectomy, the groups were submitted to the surgery for production of a 4mm diameter bony flaw in the distal and proximal third regions of the radius. In the distal region of the right thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with alendronate was used. In the distal region of the left thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with collagen was used. Any biomaterial was used in proximal part of the limb. There was a retard in bony flaws consolidation in the spayed bitches. Hydroxyapatite with alendronate showed better result, since the place it was implanted considerably increased the bony formation. Both biomaterials presented biocompatibility, verified by the absence of inflammatory reaction or other undesirable reaction.

A.I. Roque-Rodriguez

2009-10-01

222

Calcification mechanism and bony bonding studies of calcium carbonate and composite aluminosilicate/calcium phosphate applied as biomaterials by using radioactivation methods  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bony grafts are used as a filling biomaterial for defective bone. The introduction of new range of synthetic materials offers to surgeons additional possibilities to avoid virus transmission risks by using natural grafts in bony surgery. In this work, two materials, synthetic calcium carbonate and composite aluminosilicate/calcium phosphate were synthesized by an original method and experimented 'in vivo' as biomaterials for bony filling. Extracted biopsies were studied by several physico chemical and biological methods. The aim was to evaluate the kinetic resorption and bioconsolidation of these materials. We focused on the bioconsolidation between implant and bone by realising cartographies from the implant to the bone and on the calcification mechanism by determination of the origin of Ca and Sr responsible of the neo-formed bone. Neutron activation analysis (NAA), radiotracers 45Ca* and 85Sr* and proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) were used. Concerning the synthetic calcium carbonate, results show that twelve months after implantation, the mineral composition of implant becomes similar to that of the mature bone. The neoformed bone is composed with Ca and Sr coming from the organism when the Ca and Sr of the implant were progressively eliminated. Concerning the composite geopolymer/calcium phosphate, PIXE and histological studies reveal the intimate links between the bone and the implant starting with the first month after implantation. (auth the first month after implantation. (author)

223

The piezoelectric bony window osteotomy and sinus membrane elevation: introduction of a new technique for simplification of the sinus augmentation procedure.  

Science.gov (United States)

All of the surgical techniques to elevate the maxillary sinus present the possibility of perforating the schneiderian membrane. This complication can occur during the osteotomy, which is performed with burs, or during the elevation of the membrane using manual elevators. The purpose of this article is to present a new surgical technique that radically simplifies maxillary sinus surgery, thus avoiding perforating the membrane. The piezoelectric bony window osteotomy easily cuts mineralized tissue without damaging the soft tissue, and the piezoelectric sinus membrane elevation separates the schneiderian membrane without causing perforations. The elevation of the membrane from the sinus floor is performed using both piezoelectric elevators and the force of a physiologic solution subjected to piezoelectric cavitation. Twenty-one piezoelectric bony window osteotomy and piezoelectric sinus membrane elevations were performed on 15 patients using the appropriate surgical device (Mectron Piezosurgery System). Only one perforation occurred during the osteotomy at the site of an underwood septa, resulting in a 95% success rate. The average length of the window was 14 mm; its height was 6 mm, and its thickness was 1.4 mm. The average time necessary for the piezoelectric bony window osteotomy was approximately 3 minutes, while the piezoelectric sinus membrane elevation required approximately 5 minutes. PMID:11794567

Vercellotti, T; De Paoli, S; Nevins, M

2001-12-01

224

Mycetoma: Nonvenereal perineal lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mycetoma is a chronic, granulomatous disease of the skin, and subcutaneous tissue, which sometimes involves muscle, bones, and neighboring organs. It is characterized by tumefaction, abscess formation, and fistulae with discharge of grains from sinuses. Mycetoma can be caused by various species of fungi (eumycetoma and aerobic actinomycetes (actinomycetoma, which occur as saprophytes in soil or plants. A tentative diagnosis sufficient to initiate treatment may be made on the basis of grain color. For instance, melanoid grains are always caused by fungi and ochroid or pale grains by actinomycetes. Although this is not the thumbrule, there are exceptional reports too. As trauma favors infection, most lesions are on the foot and lower leg but they may occur anywhere on the body mimicking actinomycosis. However, lab investigations and culture are important tool to differentiate apart from the clinical picture. We are reporting atypical case with unusual site of presentation (perineum and thigh of mycetoma.

Gupta Shweta

2010-01-01

225

[Serious jaw osteolytic lesions].  

Science.gov (United States)

Among oral and maxillofacial diseases, the maxillary osteolytic lesions constitute a rich and investigated field to define the more appropriate diagnosis and treatment. In the maxillary region, the same tumors of the other bones (osteogenic sarcoma, chondroma, etc.) cause found together with tumors and dysembryoplasias connected with the teeth development (ameloblastoma, odontoma, odontogenic myxoma, etc.). Moreover in the medullary spaces of the bones, there are reticular and hematopoietic cells that are connected with different diseases (leucemia, myeloma, lymphoma, etc.). What's more, due to the possible presence of pseudotumors (fibrous dysplasia, giant cell tumor, etc.) and metastases of tumors of other regions (breast, lung, prostate gland, etc.), the diagnosis of this disease could be difficult. In this paper the more important pictures of this disease, that due to its recurrence or malignity needs an accurate diagnosis by imaging like CT, CT-3D, MR, etc, are analyzed. The more suitable surgical approach is presented, according to the forms of the disease. PMID:12686916

Junquera, L; Corbacelli, A; Ascani, G; Iacomino, E

2003-01-01

226

Charakterystyka grzybów izolowanych z ?o??dka u chorych z wrzodami oraz z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wst?p: Wyst?powanie kolonizacji grzybiczej wrzodów ?o??dka dotyczy 30-50% populacji chorych z endoskopowo rozpoznanym wrzodem ?o??dka. Badania potwierdzi?y, ?e kolonizacja grzybicza b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka wp?ywa na proces gojenia wrzodu ?o??dka. Cel pracy: Celem przeprowadzonych bada? by?a: 1 ocena wyst?powania grzybów w materia?ach klinicznych pobranych z ?o??dka od chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka oraz przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka, 2 okre?lenie aktywno?ci proteolitycznej izolowanych szczepów grzybów - jednego z czynników patogenno?ci Candida spp. Materia? i metody: Badaniem mitologicznym obj?to 29 chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka oraz 60 z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka. Zbadano 261 próbek pobranych podczas badania endoskopowego. St??enie grzybów w materia?ach klinicznych (CFU/ml okre?lono na podstawie badania ilo?ciowego. Identyfikacj? grzybów przeprowadzono, stosuj?c: pod?o?e Albicans ID 2 oraz testy ID 32C odczytywane w systemie ATB (bioMerieux. Do okre?lenia aktywno?ci proteolitycznej szczepów Candida zastosowano metod? spektrofotometryczn?. Pomiar absorbancji supernatantów badanych szczepów odczytywano w spektrofotometrze przy d?ugo?ci fali 380 nm. Wyniki: U 20,7% chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka oraz 5% z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka stwierdzono klinicznie istotne st??enie grzybów, odpowiadaj?ce >105 CFU/ml. W badaniu mikologicznym 85 próbek pobranych od chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka wyhodowano grzyby z gatunków: C. glabrata (23%, C. albicans (21,9%, C. kefyr (2,3%, C. krusei (1.1%. U osób z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka C. glabrata izolowano tylko w 2,8%, natomiast C. albicans w 15.7%. Szczepy charakteryzowa?y si? ró?n? aktywno?ci? proteolityczn?. Szczepy C. glabrata wykaza?y silniejsze w?a?ciwo?ci proteolityczne w porównaniu do C. albicans. Wnioski: Wyniki uzyskane z przeprowadzonych bada? mog? by? wykorzystane w epidemiologii oraz terapii zaka?e? grzybiczych.

Alicja Budak

2002-03-01

227

Reliability of Determination of Bony Landmarks of the Distal Femur on MR Images and MRI-Based 3D Models  

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Full Text Available Background/Objective: Consistent determination of the anatomical landmarks on image or image-based three dimensional (3D models is a basic requirement for reliable analysis of the human joint kinematics using imaging techniques. We examined the intra- and inter-observer reliability of determination of the medial and lateral epicondyle landmarks on 2D MR images and 3D MRI-based models of the knee. "n"n Materials and Methods: Sixteen coronal plane MRI recordings were taken from 18 healthy knees using a knee coil with T2-weighted fast spin-echo sequence and 512×512 pixel size. They were then processed by the Mimics software to provide the coronal and axial plane views and to create a 3D image-based model of the femur. Each image was reviewed twice, at least one-day apart. The interclass correlation coefficient, standard error of measurement, and coefficient of variation were calculated to assess the intra- and inter-observer reliability of the landmark determination by six experienced radiologists. A mixed model analysis of variance (ANOVA with two days of observation as the within-subject factor, and observers (six radiologists and methods (2D vs. 3D as between-subject factors were used to test the effect of observer, two days of observation and method of evaluation on landmark determination. Results: The results indicated that the interclass correlation coefficients for the intra-observer and inter-observer determination of landmarks on images and image-based 3D models were above 0.97. The standard error of measurement ranged between 0.41 and 0.78 mm for x; 1.35 and 3.43 mm for y; and 1.03 and 4.71 mm for z coordinates. Furthermore, the results showed no significant difference for within and between-subject comparisons of each coordinate of the lateral epicondyle as well as x and z coordinates of the medial epicondyle. For the y coordinate of the medial epicondyle, the p value of within-subject comparison was borderlinely significant (p=0.049. Conclusion: It was concluded that the intra- and inter-observer reliability of the bony landmark determination on both image and image-based 3D models were excellent.    

F. Esfandiarpour

2009-12-01

228

Nonsurgical management of periapical lesions  

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Full Text Available Periapical lesions develop as sequelae to pulp disease. They often occur without any episode of acute pain and are discovered on routine radiographic examination. The incidence of cysts within periapical lesions varies between 6 and 55%. The occurrence of periapical granulomas ranges between 9.3 and 87.1%, and of abscesses between 28.7 and 70.07%. It is accepted that all inflammatory periapical lesions should be initially treated with conservative nonsurgical procedures. Studies have reported a success rate of up to 85% after endodontic treatment of teeth with periapical lesions. A review of literature was performed by using electronic and hand searching methods for the nonsurgical management of periapical lesions. Various methods can be used in the nonsurgical management of periapical lesions: the conservative root canal treatment, decompression technique, active nonsurgical decompression technique, aspiration-irrigation technique, method using calcium hydroxide, Lesion Sterilization and Repair Therapy, and the Apexum procedure. Monitoring the healing of periapical lesions is essential through periodic follow-up examinations.

Fernandes Marina

2010-01-01

229

Aggressive Ewing's sarcoma appearing as a cold lesion on bone scan; Sarcome d'Ewing agressif apparaissant comme une lesion froide sur la scintigraphie osseuse  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ewing's sarcoma classically presents as a hot spot on bone scan as a result of increased vascularity of the tumor and new bone formation. Purpose We report and analyze an uncommon pattern of a 'cold' lesion in Ewing's sarcoma on bone scan and its pathophysiologic significance. Case report A 15-year-old boy complaining of thigh pain. CT scan evoked Ewing's sarcoma or osteitis. MRI evoked chronic osteitis. Scintigraphy showed a fairly intense and heterogeneous uptake on the femoral lesion and no abnormal uptake elsewhere. Biopsy showed none pathologic pattern. Three months later, a second biopsy concluded to Ewing's sarcoma. Bone scan showed a larger lesion with peripheral intense uptake centered by enlarged 'cold' area in the left femoral diaphysis and no evident bone metastasis. The patient underwent chemotherapy and surgery. Three months later, bone scan showed extensive skeletal metastasis. Conclusion Ewing's sarcoma appears usually as an intense lesion on bone scan. Nevertheless, decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake or 'cold' lesion may be seen in aggressive Ewing's sarcoma with lytic tumor, growth of which is very rapid and bony reaction is minimal. (authors)

Chatti, K.; Guezguez, M.; Maha Ben Fredj, M.; Sfar, R.; Essabbah, H. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. de Medecine Nucleaire, Sahloul (Tunisia); Mtaoumi, M. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. d' Orthopedie, Sousse (Tunisia); Chatti, K. [Faculte de Medecine de Monastir, Lab. de Biophysique, Monastir (Tunisia)

2009-10-15

230

Mallory-Weiss lesions  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Introduction: Malory-Weiss syndrome (MW) has been known since 1929. Only few studies exist which focus on the prognosis of the lesion. No Danish MW data are available. The purpose of the study was to describe the demographics of patients admitted with an MW to a Danish surgical unit during a 5-year period and to investigate the prognosis of these patients. Material and methods: Data from the patient records of 49 patients with endoscopically verified MW admitted through a five-year period were analysed. At follow-up, 35 patients were alive and contacted. A total of 29 responded. The mean time to follow-up from admittance was 42.7 months (range: 10.1-77.1). Results: Haemostasis was achieved in all 49 patients. Sixteen received active therapy during the endoscopic procedure. Haemoglobin at admitance was lower (p = 0.008), the presence of bleeding stigmata higher (p < 0.0001) and the number of patients receiving blood transfusion higher (p = 0.01) among those receiving active therapy than among the group receiving no therapy at the time of their endoscopy. At follow-up, 50% of those receiving active therapy were dead (eight of 16) compared with 18% (six of 33) in the no-therapy group (p = 0.02). In the follow-up period, 10% of the patients admitted with an MW were re-admitted for a new gasatrointestinal bleeding. Conclusion: Our data suggests that an attitude change is needed toward MW with bleeding stigmata. The course of the disease may not be as benign as generally believed. Further prospective studies designed to resolve this matter are needed.

Lange, J.; Jensen, Lone Susanne

2010-01-01

231

Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma. Including comments on thorotrast use and review of sequelae with particular reference to lesions of the central nervous system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The occurrence of a glioblastoma with sarcoma, a gliosarcoma, in the left frontal-temporal area of a 49-year-old woman with a history of Thorotrast exposure, is described. Thorotrast-laden histiocytes and free Thorotrast material were found in both components of the tumor. An overlying, adherent dural cranial lesion was found to contain massive deposits of Thorotrast embedded in a dense fibrotic and sclerotic stroma with focal calcification. These features are typical of Thorotrastoma. Thorotrast stains greenish-brown with hematoxylin and eosin and appears as refractile granular particles of relatively uniform size either within histiocytes or as free material. The radioactivity of the deposits was confirmed through the use of a scintillation counter, and thorium 232 was definitively identified though the use of scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Immunohistochemical studies of the tumor demonstrated glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity in areas of glioma and focal vimentin and actin immunoreactivity in areas of sarcoma. Thorotrast-associated lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are infrequently reported, and a Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma has not yet been reported. The use of Thorotrast, its radiobiology, and sequelae are reviewed with particular emphasis on lesions occurring in the CNS. 52 references

232

The added value of multislice SPECT/CT in patients with equivocal bony metastasis from carcinoma of the prostate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the additional value of single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) over whole-body planar bone scintigraphy and SPECT in prostate cancer patients in terms of diagnostic confidence, inter-reviewer agreement and the possible impact on the clinical management. This was a retrospective review of 40 consecutive prostate cancer patients (mean age 71 years) who underwent 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) whole-body planar bone scintigraphy, SPECT and SPECT/CT between April 2006 and April 2008. The images were evaluated by two independent reviewers; inter-reviewer agreement was evaluated using a weighted kappa score. Each focus of abnormal increased tracer uptake was recorded using a 4-point diagnostic confidence scale. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Fifty lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in the 40 patients were evaluated. On reporting the planar study and SPECT scans, reviewers rated 61% of lesions as equivocal. On reporting the SPECT/CT scans only 8% of lesions were rated as equivocal, 24% were rated as malignant and 68% as benign. Weighted kappa scores for inter-reviewer agreement were 0.43 for bone scintigraphy, 0.56 for SPECT and 0.87 for SPECT/CT. All were significant at p < 0.0001. Follow-up imaging confirmed the SPECT/CT diagnoses in 14 patients. The addition of SPECT/CT resulted in a significant reduction of equivocal reports; a definitive diagnosis was givel reports; a definitive diagnosis was given in the majority of the patients due to the improved diagnostic confidence compared to planar or SPECT imaging alone in prostate cancer patients with suspected bone metastases. (orig.)

233

Distance-to-Agreement Investigation of Tomotherapy's Bony Anatomy-Based Autoregistration and Planning Target Volume Contour-Based Optimization  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To compare Tomotherapy's megavoltage computed tomography bony anatomy autoregistration with the best achievable registration, assuming no deformation and perfect knowledge of planning target volume (PTV) location. Methods and Materials: Distance-to-agreement (DTA) of the PTV was determined by applying a rigid-body shift to the PTV region of interest of the prostate from its reference position, assuming no deformations. Planning target volume region of interest of the prostate was extracted from the patient archives. The reference position was set by the 6 degrees of freedom (dof)—x, y, z, roll, pitch, and yaw—optimization results from the previous study at this institution. The DTA and the compensating parameters were calculated by the shift of the PTV from the reference 6-dof to the 4-dof—x, y, z, and roll—optimization. In this study, the effectiveness of Tomotherapy's 4-dof bony anatomy–based autoregistration was compared with the idealized 4-dof PTV contour-based optimization. Results: The maximum DTA (maxDTA) of the bony anatomy-based autoregistration was 3.2 ± 1.9 mm, with the maximum value of 8.0 mm. The maxDTA of the contour-based optimization was 1.8 ± 1.3 mm, with the maximum value of 5.7 mm. Comparison of Pearson correlation of the compensating parameters between the 2 4-dof optimization algorithms shows that there is a small but statistically significant correlation in y and z (0.236 and 0.300, respectively), whereas there is very weak correlation in x and roll (0.062 and 0.025, respectively). Conclusions: We find that there is an average improvement of approximately 1 mm in terms of maxDTA on the PTV going from 4-dof bony anatomy-based autoregistration to the 4-dof contour-based optimization. Pearson correlation analysis of the 2 4-dof optimizations suggests that uncertainties due to deformation and inadequate resolution account for much of the compensating parameters, but pitch variation also makes a statistically significant contribution.

Suh, Steve, E-mail: ssuh@coh.org [Division of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Schultheiss, Timothy E. [Division of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)

2013-03-01

234

de lesiones a la necropsia  

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Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar en becerras el grado de protección de tres inmunógenos contra la tuberculosis bovina, mediante las lesiones en la necropsia, ante un desafío con cepa patógena de M. bovis. Se utilizaron 24 becerras negativas a tuberculosis, divididas en cuatro grupos; el grupo 1 se vacunó con extracto proteínico de fi ltrado de cultivo (CFPE de M. bovis; el grupo 2, con CFPE más interferón gamma (IFN-?; el grupo 3, con BCG; el grupo 4 quedó como testigo. A los seis meses posvacunación, los animales se desafi aron con cepa de M. bovis. Posteriormente, a los seis meses se sacrifi caron, para evaluar la presencia de lesiones. En la necropsia, los linfonodos parecían abscesos; en la histopatología, las lesiones se defi nieron como una linfadenitis piogranulomatosa. Todos los animales del grupo testigo presentaron lesiones de tuberculosis, fue el grupo con mayor número de lesiones; 66.6% de éstas fueron severas. En los tres grupos inmunizados hubo animales que no presentaron lesiones; en los que si hubo, las lesiones fueron leves y moderadas. Ninguno de los esquemas de vacunación previno al 100% la infección, pues en todos los grupos hubo lesiones. Sin embargo, es evidente que en los grupos inmunizados hubo diferentes grados de protección, manifestados en ausencia de lesiones y disminución en el grado de severidad, en el grupo inmunizado con BCG esta disminución fue mayor. Se concluye que la vacuna BCG fue el inmunógeno que presentó mejores resultados, por ello podría utilizarse para el control de la tuberculosis en zonas de alta prevalencia.

Dante Gonz\\u00E1lez Salazar

2007-01-01

235

Osteolytic lesions in secondary syphilis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 37-year-old man was admitted with bone pain, night sweats, and skin lesions typical of secondary syphilis. His VDRL and FTA-ABS tests were reactive. Roentgenograms of the tibiae, fibulae, radii, and ulnae showed osteolytic lesions. A tibial biopsy examination showed bone necrosis, prominent vascularity, swollen endothelial cells, an intense plasma cell infiltrate, and numerous spirochetes. All manifestations responded to penicillin therapy. There have been few reports of osteolytic lesions in secondary syphilis. This is the first known case in which such involvement was unequivocally proven by histopathology with the demonstration of spirochetes. PMID:921426

Shore, R N; Kiesel, H A; Bennett, H D

1977-10-01

236

Traumatic lesions of pulmonary parenchyma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Five cases of post-traumatic pulmonary lesions (contusion, laceration and hematoma) are presented. The pathophysiology, radiological aspects and differential diagnosis are reviewed. The benign evolution showing the absorption in short time, without medical interference is emphasized. (Author)

237

Cystic lesion in carpal bone.  

Science.gov (United States)

Six cases of symptomatic cystic lesions of carpal bones which underwent operative treatment were reviewed. Definite diagnosis, etiology and treatment were also discussed. The lesions occurred in the scaphoid, lunate, capitate and triquetrum, and were multiple lesions in four of the six cases. Juxta-articular bone cyst was diagnosed in three cases: intraosseous cavity surrounded by fibrous membrane containing gelatinous material, and "bone cyst-like pathologic change" in three cases which contained fibrous connective tissue resembled the thick inner wall of juxta-articular bone cyst histologically. They were treated by curettage and cancellous bone grafting; the outcomes were favourable without complication. It is suggested that the minor trauma resulting from the carpal loading serves as a basis for intraosseous lesion, which initiates intramedullary metaplasia followed by fibrous connective tissue proliferation with/without mucin secretion, and forms cystic cavity. PMID:11089185

Ikeda, M; Oka, Y

2000-07-01

238

Nodular lesions in renal tuberculosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We retrospectively studied the CT findings of rental tuberculosis in 27 cases (32 kidneys). As a characteristic CT findings, nodular lesions were recognized in 20 kidneys. Low density nodules were found in three kidneys, isodensity nodules in seven, and high density nodules in 10. In a case examined by follow-up five years later, the low and isodensity nodules changed to high density nodules with decreasing volume. Ultrasound demonstrated the high density nodules as low-echo mass lesions. These nodular lesions corresponded with the localized foci in the renal parenchyma and/or pyocalyx. We consider that the density differences in nodular lesions reflect the process of water absorption from the caseous necrotizing materials of tuberculosis. (author)

239

Nodular lesions in renal tuberculosis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We retrospectively studied the CT findings of rental tuberculosis in 27 cases (32 kidneys). As a characteristic CT findings, nodular lesions were recognized in 20 kidneys. Low density nodules were found in three kidneys, isodensity nodules in seven, and high density nodules in 10. In a case examined by follow-up five years later, the low and isodensity nodules changed to high density nodules with decreasing volume. Ultrasound demonstrated the high density nodules as low-echo mass lesions. These nodular lesions corresponded with the localized foci in the renal parenchyma and/or pyocalyx. We consider that the density differences in nodular lesions reflect the process of water absorption from the caseous necrotizing materials of tuberculosis. (author).

Mizunuma, Kimiyoshi; Toyoda, Keiko; Tada, Shimpei; Kaneko, Kenji; Yamaguchi, Manabu [Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine

1994-11-01

240

MRI atlas of MS lesions  

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MRI has become the main paraclinical test in the diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis. We have demonstrated more than 400 pictures of different typical and atypical MS lesions in this atlas. Each image has a teaching point. New diagnostic criteria and differential diagnosis are discussed and the book is supported by a teaching DVD where the reader can see MS lesions in different slices and sequences. (orig.)

Sahraian, Mohammad Ali [Tehran Univ. of Medical Sciences Sina Hospital (Iran). Dept. of Neurology; Radue, Ernst-Wilhelm [Univ. Hospital Basel (Switzerland). Dept. of Neuroradiology

2008-07-01

 
 
 
 
241

Clinical and radiographic evaluation of intra-bony defects in localized aggressive periodontitis patients with platelet rich plasma/hydroxyapatite graft: A comparative controlled clinical trial  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Aggressive periodontitis is a characterized by rapid attachment loss, bone destruction and familial aggregation. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proposed to promote regeneration of the lost periodontal tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of PRP combined with hydroxyapatite (HA) graft in the treatment of intra-bony defects in localized aggressive periodontitis (L-AgP) patients. Materials and Methods: Ten L-AgP patients having bilateral intra-bony defect ?2 mm and probing depth (PD) ?6 mm were randomly treated either with the PRP/HA graft or HA graft alone. The clinical (plaque control record, bleeding on probing index, PD, and relative attachment level [RAL]), and radiographic parameters (size of the bone defect) were recorded pre- and post-operatively at 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: After 12 months, for both maxillary and mandibular arches, the mean PD decrease was significantly more (P arches was significantly more (P < 0.05) for the test group than the control group (3.0 mm vs. 1.2 mm and 3.1 mm vs. 1.4 mm, respectively). Radiographically, the test group showed significantly more defect fill as compared with the control group. Conclusion: Both treatments provided significant improvements in clinical and radiographic parameters in a 12-month postoperative period. PRP/HA group presented superior results regarding PD reduction, clinical attachment gain and radiographic bone fill than HA group.

Gupta, Geeti

2014-01-01

242

Cystic parotid gland lesion evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated differential diagnoses of cystic parotid gland lesions and the efficacy of preoperative diagnosis. Of 191 parotid gland nodules resected between January 2003 and October 2008, 167 (87%) were benign and 24 (13%) malignant. Thirty-five parotid gland nodules whose components were almost cystic were enrolled in this study. All cystic lesions were retrospectively evaluated with respect to preoperative diagnostic examinations and histopathological confirmed diagnosis. Cystic components in surgical specimens were also evaluated histopathologically. The relationships with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and histopathological confirmed diagnosis were studied. Of 35 cystic lesions, 11 were complete cystic masses and had no mural nodules, while remaining 24 were incomplete and had mural nodules. Histopathological examinations showed that 5 were nonneoplastic, 27 were cystic degenerations of benign tumors, and 3 were cystic degenerations of malignant tumors. In the 11 complete cysts, preoperative diagnosis could not be made using any modality, whether with fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), salivary scintigraphy, or 67-gallium citrate scintigraphy. Of 24 incomplete cysts, only 9 cystic Warthin tumors were diagnosed correctly before surgery. Studies of cystic components in MRI and histopathology suggested that hemorrhagic degeneration of malignant tumors should be kept in mind for cystic lesions showing hemorrhagic portions. Cystic parotid gland lesions are difficult to diagnose correctly before surgery, but the evaluation of cystic components by MRI and FNAC is helpful in differentiating between benign and malignant tumors. (author)

243

Lesiones focales hepáticas en niños / Focal liver lesions in children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones focales del hígado comprenden un grupo heterogéneo de entidades como tumores benignos y malignos, sólidos o quistes, vasculares, masas inflamatorias y metástasis, entre otras. Objetivo: reportar lesiones focales hepáticas en niños, características clínicas, estudios por im [...] ágenes y conducta terapéutica. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, basado en la revisión de 16 historias clínicas de niños con lesiones focales hepáticas en el periodo comprendido entre enero 2007 a enero 2012. Se excluyeron los abscesos hepáticos. Resultados: El 68,75%11 eran del sexo masculino y 31,25%5 del sexo femenino; con edad promedio de 9,5 años (rango: 10 días - 14 años). Las lesiones focales benignas fueron: hemangioma 4/16 (25%), hematoma hepático 4/16 (25%), quiste hepático 3/16 (18,75%), hiperplasia nodular focal 1/16 (6,25%) adenoma 1/16 (6,25%) y las malignas: hepatocarcinoma 2/16 (12,50%) y hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6,25%). La mayoría de los pacientes (56,25%) se encontraban asintomáticos, 3/16 (18,75%) presentaron dolor abdominal, 3/16 (18,75%) masa palpable y 2/16 (12,5%) ictericia. La lesión fue identificada por ultrasonido abdominal en todos los pacientes y sólo el 56,25% (9/16) ameritaron tomografía con contraste. Al 43,75% (7/16) se les realizó marcadores tumorales y de estos el 42,85% (3/7) reportaron neoplasias. El funcionalismo hepático reportó normal en el 75% de los casos. Conclusión: El ultrasonido abdominal es el método de elección para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las lesiones focales hepáticas, mientras el origen de las mismas, guía la conducta terapéutica. Abstract in english Introduction: focal liver lesions comprise a heterogeneous group of entities such as benign and malignant, solid or cysts, vascular, inflammatory masses and metastasis among others. Objective: To report focal liver lesions in children, clinical features, imaging and therapeutic behavior. Patients an [...] d Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study based on a review of 16 case histories of children with focal liver lesions in the period from January 2007 to January 2012. Liver abscesses were excluded. Results: 68.75%11 were male and 31.25%5 females, mean age 9.5 years (range: 10 days - 14 years). Focal lesions were benign: Hemangioma 4/16 (25%), liver hematoma 4/16 (25%), hepatic cyst 3/16 (18.75%), nodular focal hyperplasia 1/16 (6.25%) and adenomas 1/16 (6.25%) and malignant: Hepatocellular carcinoma 2/16 (12.50%) and hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6.25%). Most patients (56.25%) were asymptomatic, 3/16 (18.75%) had abdominal pain, 3/16 (18.75%) and palpable mass 2/16 (12.5%) jaundice. The lesion was identified by abdominal ultrasound in all patients and only 56.25% (9/16) needed tomography with contrast. To 43.75% (7/16) underwent tumor markers and of these 42.85% (3/7) reported neoplasm. Normal hepatic function reported in 75% of cases. Conclusion: An abdominal ultrasound is the method of choice for the diagnosis and management of focal liver lesions, while the origin of them, guide therapeutic conduct.

Adalis, Rossell; Dianora, Navarro; Karolina, López; Enicar, Perla; Betzabeth, Quintana; Credy, Figueredo; Andrea, Nogales; Katiuska, Belandria.

2013-06-01

244

Lesiones focales hepáticas en niños / Focal liver lesions in children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones focales del hígado comprenden un grupo heterogéneo de entidades como tumores benignos y malignos, sólidos o quistes, vasculares, masas inflamatorias y metástasis, entre otras. Objetivo: reportar lesiones focales hepáticas en niños, características clínicas, estudios por im [...] ágenes y conducta terapéutica. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, basado en la revisión de 16 historias clínicas de niños con lesiones focales hepáticas en el periodo comprendido entre enero 2007 a enero 2012. Se excluyeron los abscesos hepáticos. Resultados: El 68,75%11 eran del sexo masculino y 31,25%5 del sexo femenino; con edad promedio de 9,5 años (rango: 10 días - 14 años). Las lesiones focales benignas fueron: hemangioma 4/16 (25%), hematoma hepático 4/16 (25%), quiste hepático 3/16 (18,75%), hiperplasia nodular focal 1/16 (6,25%) adenoma 1/16 (6,25%) y las malignas: hepatocarcinoma 2/16 (12,50%) y hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6,25%). La mayoría de los pacientes (56,25%) se encontraban asintomáticos, 3/16 (18,75%) presentaron dolor abdominal, 3/16 (18,75%) masa palpable y 2/16 (12,5%) ictericia. La lesión fue identificada por ultrasonido abdominal en todos los pacientes y sólo el 56,25% (9/16) ameritaron tomografía con contraste. Al 43,75% (7/16) se les realizó marcadores tumorales y de estos el 42,85% (3/7) reportaron neoplasias. El funcionalismo hepático reportó normal en el 75% de los casos. Conclusión: El ultrasonido abdominal es el método de elección para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las lesiones focales hepáticas, mientras el origen de las mismas, guía la conducta terapéutica. Abstract in english Introduction: focal liver lesions comprise a heterogeneous group of entities such as benign and malignant, solid or cysts, vascular, inflammatory masses and metastasis among others. Objective: To report focal liver lesions in children, clinical features, imaging and therapeutic behavior. Patients an [...] d Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study based on a review of 16 case histories of children with focal liver lesions in the period from January 2007 to January 2012. Liver abscesses were excluded. Results: 68.75%11 were male and 31.25%5 females, mean age 9.5 years (range: 10 days - 14 years). Focal lesions were benign: Hemangioma 4/16 (25%), liver hematoma 4/16 (25%), hepatic cyst 3/16 (18.75%), nodular focal hyperplasia 1/16 (6.25%) and adenomas 1/16 (6.25%) and malignant: Hepatocellular carcinoma 2/16 (12.50%) and hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6.25%). Most patients (56.25%) were asymptomatic, 3/16 (18.75%) had abdominal pain, 3/16 (18.75%) and palpable mass 2/16 (12.5%) jaundice. The lesion was identified by abdominal ultrasound in all patients and only 56.25% (9/16) needed tomography with contrast. To 43.75% (7/16) underwent tumor markers and of these 42.85% (3/7) reported neoplasm. Normal hepatic function reported in 75% of cases. Conclusion: An abdominal ultrasound is the method of choice for the diagnosis and management of focal liver lesions, while the origin of them, guide therapeutic conduct.

Adalis, Rossell; Dianora, Navarro; Karolina, López; Enicar, Perla; Betzabeth, Quintana; Credy, Figueredo; Andrea, Nogales; Katiuska, Belandria.

245

Use of enamel matrix protein derivative with minimally invasive surgical approach in intra-bony periodontal defects: clinical and patient-centered outcomes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente após abordagem cirúrgica minimamente invasiva (CMI) associada à aplicação das proteínas derivadas da matriz do esmalte (PDE) no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos. Doze pacientes apresentando um sítio com profundidad [...] e de sondagem >5 mm e sangramento à sondagem , associado à evidência radiográfica de defeito infra-ósseo, foram tratados com CMI e aplicação das PDE. Os parâmetros clínicos foram avaliados imediatamente antes do procedimento e após 3 e 6 meses. A percepção de dor e desconforto do paciente durante o período trans-cirúrgico e ao longo da primeira semana de pós-operatório, bem como a satisfação estética 6 meses após o tratamento, foram avaliadas por meio de questionários. Os resultados mostraram que o uso da CMI associada à aplicação de PDE promoveu melhoras estatisticamente significantes nos parâmetros clínicos, mínima dor e desconforto e máxima satisfação estética aos pacientes. Dentro dos limites do estudo, foi demonstrado que a associação de CMI e PDE, no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos, é capaz de promover satisfatórios resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente. Abstract in english This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >5 mm and bleedi [...] ng on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect were treated by MIST associated with EMD. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Patient perception during the intraoperative period and during the first postoperative week was evaluated. The use of MIST with EDM promoted significant improvements in clinical parameters, minimal pain/discomfort and maximum esthetics satisfaction. Within of limits of the present study, it could be shown that MIST combined with EMD for the treatment of intra-bony defects promotes satisfactory clinical and patient-centered outcomes.

Fernanda Vieira, Ribeiro; Francisco Humberto, Nociti Júnior; Enilson Antonio, Sallum; Antonio Wilson, Sallum; Márcio Zaffalon, Casati.

246

Use of enamel matrix protein derivative with minimally invasive surgical approach in intra-bony periodontal defects: clinical and patient-centered outcomes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente após abordagem cirúrgica minimamente invasiva (CMI) associada à aplicação das proteínas derivadas da matriz do esmalte (PDE) no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos. Doze pacientes apresentando um sítio com profundidad [...] e de sondagem >5 mm e sangramento à sondagem , associado à evidência radiográfica de defeito infra-ósseo, foram tratados com CMI e aplicação das PDE. Os parâmetros clínicos foram avaliados imediatamente antes do procedimento e após 3 e 6 meses. A percepção de dor e desconforto do paciente durante o período trans-cirúrgico e ao longo da primeira semana de pós-operatório, bem como a satisfação estética 6 meses após o tratamento, foram avaliadas por meio de questionários. Os resultados mostraram que o uso da CMI associada à aplicação de PDE promoveu melhoras estatisticamente significantes nos parâmetros clínicos, mínima dor e desconforto e máxima satisfação estética aos pacientes. Dentro dos limites do estudo, foi demonstrado que a associação de CMI e PDE, no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos, é capaz de promover satisfatórios resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente. Abstract in english This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >5 mm and bleedi [...] ng on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect were treated by MIST associated with EMD. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Patient perception during the intraoperative period and during the first postoperative week was evaluated. The use of MIST with EDM promoted significant improvements in clinical parameters, minimal pain/discomfort and maximum esthetics satisfaction. Within of limits of the present study, it could be shown that MIST combined with EMD for the treatment of intra-bony defects promotes satisfactory clinical and patient-centered outcomes.

Fernanda Vieira, Ribeiro; Francisco Humberto, Nociti Júnior; Enilson Antonio, Sallum; Antonio Wilson, Sallum; Márcio Zaffalon, Casati.

2010-01-01

247

Comparação entre hidroxiapatita porosa de coral e enxerto ósseo autógeno em coelhos / Comparison between porous hydroxyapatite of chorale and autogenous bony graft in rabbits  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A transplantação de osso autógeno continua sendo usada com sucesso, apesar das limitações que apresenta, principalmente no que se refere à morbidade aumentada, operações adicionais e aumento do custo. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi verificar a integração da hidroxiapatita porosa de coral como alterna [...] tiva biológica, em forma de cerâmica, para substituir o enxerto ósseo autógeno. Foram utilizados 42 coelhos albinos (Nova Zelândia), submetidos a defeito padrão em 84 côndilos femorais, e implantação aleatória, em cada lado, de enxerto ósseo autógeno ou hidroxiapatita porosa. Foram avaliados os aspectos da evolução clínica diária dos animais. Após duas, quatro e doze semanas, grupos de 14 animais foram sacrificados e feita a avaliação radiológica e macroscópica da integração dos enxertos. Peças das regiões operadas foram colhidas para estudo histológico dessa integração. Os resultados macroscópicos mostraram que a integridade óssea, coloração, cicatrização da cortical e mobilidade dos implantes não foram estatisticamente significantes para os dois tipos de enxertos, nos diferentes tempos de observação. A diferença de uma progressiva e melhor integração dos enxertos ocorreu apenas quando se compararam os três tempos de observação, e foi considerada como conseqüência direta da evolução natural do processo cicatricial. Os parâmetros radiológicos de integração seguiram o mesmo padrão dos achados macroscópicos. Os achados microscópicos mostraram que o aparecimento de tecido ósseo maduro é retardado nos enxertos de hidroxiapatita com a ocorrência de cavidades císticas. Concluiu-se que a hidroxiapatita porosa de coral foi um substituto adequado ao enxerto ósseo autógeno em coelhos. Abstract in english The transplantation of autogenous bone continues being used with success, in spite of the disadvantages that it presents, mainly in what refers the increased morbidity, additional operations and increase of the cost. The objective of this research was to verify the integration of the porous hydroxya [...] patite of chorale as biological alternative in ceramic form to substitute the autogenous bony graft. Forty-two New Zealand rabbits were submitted to na standard condylar defect witch were randomic implanted by autogenous bony graft as porous hydroxyapatite of chorale. We made clinical, macroscopic, radiographic and histologic study among the time of evolution of two, four and twelve weeks, respectively. The results were similar between the autogenous graft and the porous hydroxyapatite of chorale in the evolution of twelve weeks. It was ended that the porous hydroxyapatite of chorale is a substitute adapted to the autogenous bony graft in rabbits.

Arthur Silveira de, Figueiredo; Djalma José, Fagundes; Neil Ferreira, Novo; Yara, Juliano; Celso Massaschi, Inouye.

2001-09-01

248

Transitional carcinoma with extensive invasion of the bony orbit in a dog / Carcinoma transicional com invasão dos ossos da órbita em um cão  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um cão da raça Pointer Inglês, de 12 anos de idade, foi encaminhado para avaliação clínica por apresentar aumento de volume no canto temporal (medial) da órbita direita, o qual estava causando deformidade facial. O cão apresentava epífora, secreção nasal mucopurulenta, epistaxe, dispnésia e perda de [...] peso progressiva. Uma massa foi observada na cavidade oral, próxima aos dentes pré-molares, do lado direito da face. Suspeitou-se de proliferação neoplásica baseando-se nos testes auxiliares, entre os quais: radiografia craniana e oral, ultrassonografia ocular e tomografia computadorizada. A análise histopatológica da massa revelou tratar-se de carcinoma transicional envolvendo as cavidades oral e nasal, os ossos da maxila e da órbita, além do espaço retrobulbar. Os tumores da cavidade nasal representam aproximadamente 2% de todos os tumores diagnosticados nessa espécie. O carcinoma transicional é o segundo tipo de neoplasia epitelial maligna mais comum nos seios nasais de cães. Este trabalho descreve a destruição extensiva dos tecidos moles e dos ossos da face e chama atenção para o fato de que esse tipo de neoplasia deve ser considerado nas doenças da órbita. Abstract in english A 12-year-old male English Pointer was examined due to a soft-tissue swelling at the medial canthus of the right orbital region, which was causing facial deformity. The dog had epiphora, purulent nasal discharge, epistaxis, dyspnea, and progressive weight loss. An intraoral mass was observed near th [...] e right maxillary premolars. Neoplastic disease was diagnosed based on ancillary tests, which included blood work, skull and intraoral radiographs, ocular ultrasonography and computed tomography. Histopathology revealed transitional carcinoma involving the nasal and oral cavities, maxilla, bony orbit and retrobulbar space. Nasal tumors represent approximately 2% of all tumors diagnosed in this species. Transitional carcinoma is the second most common type of malignant epithelial tumor in the nasal sinuses. This case illustrates the extensive destruction of the soft and bony tissues of the face, including the bony orbit that this type of tumor can cause.

S.C.C.S., Paiva; J., Werner; F., Montiani-Ferreira; T.R., Froes; M., Machado; L., Olbertz; L., Lima; I., Langohr.

1017-10-01

249

Transitional carcinoma with extensive invasion of the bony orbit in a dog / Carcinoma transicional com invasão dos ossos da órbita em um cão  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um cão da raça Pointer Inglês, de 12 anos de idade, foi encaminhado para avaliação clínica por apresentar aumento de volume no canto temporal (medial) da órbita direita, o qual estava causando deformidade facial. O cão apresentava epífora, secreção nasal mucopurulenta, epistaxe, dispnésia e perda de [...] peso progressiva. Uma massa foi observada na cavidade oral, próxima aos dentes pré-molares, do lado direito da face. Suspeitou-se de proliferação neoplásica baseando-se nos testes auxiliares, entre os quais: radiografia craniana e oral, ultrassonografia ocular e tomografia computadorizada. A análise histopatológica da massa revelou tratar-se de carcinoma transicional envolvendo as cavidades oral e nasal, os ossos da maxila e da órbita, além do espaço retrobulbar. Os tumores da cavidade nasal representam aproximadamente 2% de todos os tumores diagnosticados nessa espécie. O carcinoma transicional é o segundo tipo de neoplasia epitelial maligna mais comum nos seios nasais de cães. Este trabalho descreve a destruição extensiva dos tecidos moles e dos ossos da face e chama atenção para o fato de que esse tipo de neoplasia deve ser considerado nas doenças da órbita. Abstract in english A 12-year-old male English Pointer was examined due to a soft-tissue swelling at the medial canthus of the right orbital region, which was causing facial deformity. The dog had epiphora, purulent nasal discharge, epistaxis, dyspnea, and progressive weight loss. An intraoral mass was observed near th [...] e right maxillary premolars. Neoplastic disease was diagnosed based on ancillary tests, which included blood work, skull and intraoral radiographs, ocular ultrasonography and computed tomography. Histopathology revealed transitional carcinoma involving the nasal and oral cavities, maxilla, bony orbit and retrobulbar space. Nasal tumors represent approximately 2% of all tumors diagnosed in this species. Transitional carcinoma is the second most common type of malignant epithelial tumor in the nasal sinuses. This case illustrates the extensive destruction of the soft and bony tissues of the face, including the bony orbit that this type of tumor can cause.

S.C.C.S., Paiva; J., Werner; F., Montiani-Ferreira; T.R., Froes; M., Machado; L., Olbertz; L., Lima; I., Langohr.

250

Case report 495: Oesteochondroma-like femoral lesions due to chronic professional stress in a Swiss cheese-maker  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The case is presented of a 78-year-old man who was under treatment for carcinoma of the prostate with skeletal metastasis. As an incidental finding, clinically and radiologically, bony proturbances were observed to involve the right femoral shaft, reminescent of solitary cartilaginous exostoses. This was particularly true of the osseous overgrowth arising from the anterior aspect in the middle third of the right femur. A thick apposition of periosteal new bone was observed. However, a true cartilaginous cap was not present in either lesion excluding a solitary cartilagenous exostosis. A diagnosis of chronic stress was made, associated with the patient's occupation for 34 years as a cheese-maker, resulting in the bony alterations in the right femoral shaft. The history of lifting of cheeses with a weight of up to 120 kg from the shelf to the right thigh of the patient and from there to a table for washing, presumably had caused microfractures and subperiosteal hematomas on the surface of the femur. The mechanism of injury was discussed in detail and the subject of stress injuries incurred by such individuals as professional dancers was considered. The literature was reviewed. (orig.)

251

Osteoradionecrosis after three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for recurrent cervical cancer presenting as a progressive osteolytic lesion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the pelvic bone presenting as a progressive osteolytic lesion, following three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) with concurrent chemotherapy, is a clinical diagnostic challenge that must be differentiated from an osseous metastasis. We report on a case with an unusual presentation of ORN mimicking bony metastasis that should be taken note of by physicians. A 46-year-old woman who had recurrent cervical cancer in the right pelvic sidewall underwent concurrent salvage chemoradiotherapy. She received 63 Gy 3DCRT. At 22 months, post-RT, an asymptomatic but enlarging osseous defect in the right ilium, located within the area covered by a 95% isodose line, was demonstrated on pelvic computed tomography (CT). ORN was confirmed by whole-body [18F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) CT scan and CT-guided bone biopsy. A localized, growing ORN of pelvic bone after high-dose 3DCRT is an uncommon late complication. Differential diagnosis between ORN and bony metastasis may be possible with low FDG uptake of ORN on PET-CT scans. (author)

252

Case report 495: Oesteochondroma-like femoral lesions due to chronic professional stress in a Swiss cheese-maker  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The case is presented of a 78-year-old man who was under treatment for carcinoma of the prostate with skeletal metastasis. As an incidental finding, clinically and radiologically, bony proturbances were observed to involve the right femoral shaft, reminescent of solitary cartilaginous exostoses. This was particularly true of the osseous overgrowth arising from the anterior aspect in the middle third of the right femur. A thick apposition of periosteal new bone was observed. However, a true cartilaginous cap was not present in either lesion excluding a solitary cartilagenous exostosis. A diagnosis of chronic stress was made, associated with the patient's occupation for 34 years as a cheese-maker, resulting in the bony alterations in the right femoral shaft. The history of lifting of cheeses with a weight of up to 120 kg from the shelf to the right thigh of the patient and from there to a table for washing, presumably had caused microfractures and subperiosteal hematomas on the surface of the femur. The mechanism of injury was discussed in detail and the subject of stress injuries incurred by such individuals as professional dancers was considered. The literature was reviewed.

Ballmer, P.E.; Bessler, W.T.

1988-07-01

253

Can Small Lesions Induce Language Reorganization as Large Lesions Do?  

Science.gov (United States)

Shift of the cortical mechanisms of language from the usually dominant left to the non-dominant right hemisphere has been demonstrated in the presence of large brain lesions. Here, we report a similar phenomenon in a patient with a cavernoma over the anterolateral superior temporal gyrus associated with epilepsy. Language mapping was performed by…

Maestu, Fernando; Saldana, Cristobal; Amo, Carlos; Gonzalez-Hidalgo, Mercedes; Fernandez, Alberto; Fernandez, Santiago; Mata, Pedro; Papanicolaou, Andrew; Ortiz, Tomas

2004-01-01

254

Cutaneous lesions of the nose  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Skin diseases on the nose are seen in a variety of medical disciplines. Dermatologists, otorhinolaryngologists, general practitioners and general plastic and dermatologic surgeons are regularly consulted regarding cutaneous lesions on the nose. This article is the second part of a review series dealing with cutaneous lesions on the head and face, which are frequently seen in daily practice by a dermatologic surgeon. In this review, we focus on those skin diseases on the nose where surgery or laser therapy is considered a possible treatment option or that can be surgically evaluated.

Altmeyer Peter

2010-06-01

255

Nodular lesion in renal tuberculosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors have retrospectively studied the CT findings of renal tuberculosis in 27 cases (32 kidneys). As a characteristic CT finding, the nodular lesion was recognized in 20 kidneys (three low-density nodules, seven isodensity nodules, and 10 high-density nodules). In a case with a follow-up CT scan after 5 years, the low-density and isodensity nodules changed to high-density nodules with decreasing volume. The authors believe that the density differences in these nodular lesions reflect the process of resorption of water from the caseous necrotizing materials of tuberculosis

256

Lesiones de cameron: experiencia clínica / Cameron lesions: clinical experience  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Es importante considerar a las lesiones de Cameron dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de causas de anemia por deficiencia de hierro secundarias a pérdidas gastrointestinales. Presentamos los datos demográficos, los hallazgos clínico-patológicos y el manejo terapéutico de pacientes con úlceras de Cam [...] eron evaluados en una clínica privada de Lima, Perú. Doce pacientes, nueve de ellos hombres, fueron incluidos en el reporte. La media de la edad al momento del diagnostico fue de 71 años (rango de edades 49-91 años). Cinco pacientes tuvieron anemia, uno de ellos catalogado como anemia severa. 91.7% de los pacientes presentaron hernias hiatales gigantes. Todos los pacientes con anemia tenían hiatos herniarios gigantes. Dos pacientes tuvieron pruebas positivas para infección por H. pylori. Dos pacientes refirieron crónico de anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES). Conclusiones: Las úlceras de Cameron son lesiones causantes de sangrado gastrointestinal crónico, y deben considerarse en el estudio de pacientes con anemia por déficit de hierro. Abstract in english Cameron lesions are becoming an increasingly important diagnosis in the evaluation of patients with iron deficiency anemia. We describe the demographic data, clinico-pathologic features and therapeutic outcome of a group of patients with Cameron lesions at a single private practice clinic in Lima, P [...] eru. Twelve patients (9 men) were included in the report Median age at diagnosis was 71 years (range 49-91). Five patients had anemia and one of them had severe anemia. 91.7% of our patients presented with large hiatal| hernias. There were 5 patients with anemia and large hernias. Two patients tested positive for H. pylori. Two patients reported chronic NSAIDs use. Conclusions: Cameron lesions are not an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and should be kept in mind in the study of patients with iron deficiency anemia.

Roberto J., Bernardo; Juan P., Portocarrero; Martín, Tagle.

2012-04-01

257

Intraosseous ganglion cyst of the capitate treated by intralesional curettage, autogenous bone marrow graft and autogenous fibrin clot graft.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a very rare case of intraosseous ganglion cyst of the capitate in a 54-year-old female who complained of a painful right wrist mass for 1 year. Computed tomography study showed an expansile osteolytic lesion with sclerotic margin and thinning of the cortex. Combined soft tissue ganglion cyst was also noted at operation and confirmed by pathologic study. The case was treated by a new method of autogenous bone marrow and fibrin clot graft after intralesional curettage. After a 2-year follow-up, the capitate revealed complete bony union and the symptoms were relieved with good functional results. PMID:17525002

Chen, Ying-Chieh; Wang, Shyu-Jye; Shen, Pei-Hung; Huang, Guo-Shu; Lee, Herng-Sheng; Wu, Shing-Sheng

2007-05-01

258

Benign Eyelid Lesions: Six Months Study  

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Introduction: Benign eyelid lesions are classified to infectious, inflammatory and tumoral lesions. The various number of these lesions is due to unique eyelid anatomical structure. Some lesions are simple and do not need any treatment but sometimes patients refer to ophthalmologists due to beauty or problems such as pain, swelling. The aim of our study is to investigate and compare the relative frequency of benign eyelid lesions in Shahid Sadoughi eye clinic as well as the private offices. M...

Abbasi Shavvazi, E.; Asadollahi, Z.; Gohari, M.; MR Besharati

2013-01-01

259

Effect of decompression surgery on neurological recovery after cervical cord injury with canal stenosis but without distinct bony damage. Multicenter prospective randomized clinical trial  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A prospective randomized clinical trial examining the effects of decompression surgery on neurological recovery in patients with cervical cord injuries without remarkable bony damages was performed at 11 hospitals nationwide in Japan. Cases admitted within 14 days of injury, with a Frankel B or C classification, and with ?20% compression of the spinal cord at the injured level, as seen on MRI, were enrolled. Decompression surgery was selected for cases in which the day of injury was an odd number, while conservative treatment was selected for all other cases. The Frankel classification and ASIA motor scores were followed for one year after injury. No statistically significant differences in neurological recovery were observed between the surgery group and the conservative treatment group. (author)

260

Clinical Evaluation of positioning verification using digital tomosynthesis (DTS) based on bony anatomy and soft tissues for prostate image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT)  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose To evaluate on-board digital tomosynthesis (DTS) for patient positioning in comparison with 2D-radiographs and 3D-CBCT. Methods and Materials A total of 92 image sessions from 9 prostate cancer patients were analyzed. An on-board image set was registered to a corresponding reference image set. Four pairs of image sets were used; DRR vs. on-board orthogonal paired radiograph for the 2D method, coronal-reference-DTS (RDTS) vs. on-board coronal-DTS for the coronal-DTS method, sagittal-RDTS vs. on-board sagittal-DTS for the sagittal-DTS method, and planning CT vs. CBCT for the CBCT method. Registration results were compared. Results The systematic errors in all methods were less than 1 mm/1°. When registering bony anatomy, the mean vector differences were 0.21±0.11 cm between 2D and CBCT, 0.11±0.08 cm between CBCT and coronal-DTS, and 0.14±0.07 cm between CBCT and sagittal-DTS. The correlation of CBCT to DTS was stronger (coefficients=0.92–0.95) than the correlation between 2D and CBCT or DTS (coefficients=0.81–0.83). When registering soft tissue, the mean vector differences were 0.18±0.11 cm between CBCT and coronal-DTS and 0.29±0.17 cm between CBCT and sagittal-DTS. The correlation coefficients of CBCT to sagittal-DTS and to coronal-DTS were 0.84 and 0.92, respectively. Conclusions DTS could provide equivalent results to CBCT when bony anatomy is used as landmarks for prostate IGRT. For soft tissue-based positioning verification, coronal-DTS produced equivalent results to CBCT and sagittal-DTS alone was insufficient. DTS could allow comparable soft tissue-based target localization with faster scanning time and less imaging dose compared to CBCT. PMID:19100923

Yoo, Sua; Wu, Q. Jackie; Godfrey, Devon; Yan, Hui; Ren, Lei; Das, Shiva; Lee, William R.; Yin, Fang-Fang

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Focal lesions of the patella  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Focal lesions of the patella may be identified during the investigation of anterior knee pain or as an incidental finding on radiological images. This pictorial review describes the radiographic appearances of a wide range of conditions that have been seen in this sesamoid bone. Where appropriate, computed tomography and magnetic resonance features have been included. (orig.)

262

Focal lesions of the patella  

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Focal lesions of the patella may be identified during the investigation of anterior knee pain or as an incidental finding on radiological images. This pictorial review describes the radiographic appearances of a wide range of conditions that have been seen in this sesamoid bone. Where appropriate, computed tomography and magnetic resonance features have been included. (orig.)

Hedayati, B. [Royal national Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, Brockley Hill Stanmore, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Lewisham Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, A. [Royal national Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, Brockley Hill Stanmore, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

2009-08-15

263

Odontogenic lesions in pediatric patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose was to evaluate our 20-year experience of pediatric odontogenic lesions. Pediatric patients with a diagnosis of odontogenic lesion were identified. Three hundred ten patients were odontogenic; dentigerous cyst was seen in 62.0% of the cases. Most (70.2%) of them occurred in mixed dentition period, and it had a male preponderance. Odontogenic keratocystic tumor occurred in the permanent dentition period. It had an equal site distribution. Odontoma was seen in 20.0% of the cases. Its site of predilection was the mandible. Ameloblastoma was the most common odontogenic tumor. Most of the cases occurred in the permanent dentition period. It affected the male and female equally. Calcifying epithelioma odontogenic tumor was seen in 11.8% of the cases. All the lesions occurred in the primary dentition period. It had no sex or site preponderance. Myxoma was seen in 3.6% of the cases. It was most common in the permanent dentition period, and it was more frequent in the male. Iliac crest bone graft was successfully performed in 28 patients, postoperative infection occurred in 2 patients, and no donor-site dysfunctions were reported. The observed differences in lesion type and distribution in this study compared with previous researches may be attributable to genetic and geographic variation in the populations studied. Iliac crest bone graft was suggested for pediatric mandible reconstruction. PMID:24785745

Fang, Qi-Gen; Shi, Shuang; Sun, Chang-Fu

2014-05-01

264

Microbiological aspects of endoperiodontal lesion  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The endoperiodontal lesion occurs when a tooth undergoing endodontic disease is united to a periodontal lesion with apical progression. Many times, the differential diagnosis between the endodontic and periodontal disease can be of difficult execution and the correct diagnosis and planing of the treatment is of main importance for a good prognosis Objective: To identify the main microorganisms within the lesion of endodontic and periodontal origin and correlate them with the endoperiodontal lesion. Literature review: The search strategy comprised the electronic studies of databases such as PubMed and Cochrane on the microbiology of the endodontic and periodontal systems through employing the following keywords: microbiology, endodontics, periodontal pocket. Results: There were similarities in the endodontic and periodontal microflora. However, the number of microorganisms within the cross infection is limited, including Bacteroides, Eubacteria, Fusobacteria, spirochaetes, Wolinella. The bacterias forming the red complex are closely related to the severity of the periodontal disease and can also participate in the pathogenesis of the periradicular abscesses. Conclusion: There are many communication routes between the periodontium and pulpal tissue, therefore the contamination from um tissue to another can occur, existing a microbiological inter-relationship between these tissues.

Cristiane Tokunaga

2013-06-01

265

Osteochondral lesions in pediatric and adolescent patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Osteochondral lesions are acquired, potentially reversible injuries of the subchondral bone with or without associated articular cartilage involvement. Injury results in delamination and potential sequestration of the affected bone. Although an association with mechanical and traumatic factors has been established, the etiology remains poorly understood. These lesions commonly occur in the knee; articular surfaces of the elbow, ankle, hip, and shoulder are also affected. Osteochondral lesions are relatively common in children and adolescents, and the incidence is increasing. Prognosis of these lesions depends on stability, location, and size of the lesion.Imaging has an essential role in the diagnosis, staging, and management of osteochondral lesions. Many of these lesions are first diagnosed by plain film. MRI adds value by identifying unstable lesions that require surgical intervention. This review focuses on the clinical and imaging features of osteochondral lesions of the knee, elbow, and ankle. Imaging criteria for staging and management are also reviewed. PMID:25350829

Ghahremani, Shahnaz; Griggs, Rachel; Hall, Theodore; Motamedi, Kambiz; Boechat, M Ines

2014-11-01

266

Petrous apex lesions in the pediatric population  

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A variety of abnormal imaging findings of the petrous apex are encountered in children. Many petrous apex lesions are identified incidentally while images of the brain or head and neck are being obtained for indications unrelated to the temporal bone. Differential considerations of petrous apex lesions in children include ''leave me alone'' lesions, infectious or inflammatory lesions, fibro-osseous lesions, neoplasms and neoplasm-like lesions, as well as a few rare miscellaneous conditions. Some lesions are similar to those encountered in adults, and some are unique to children. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and primary and metastatic pediatric malignancies such as neuroblastoma, rhabomyosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma are more likely to be encountered in children. Lesions such as petrous apex cholesterol granuloma, cholesteatoma and chondrosarcoma are more common in adults and are rarely a diagnostic consideration in children. We present a comprehensive pictorial review of CT and MRI appearances of pediatric petrous apex lesions. (orig.)

Radhakrishnan, Rupa [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Son, Hwa Jung [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Koch, Bernadette L. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

2014-03-15

267

Hock lesions and free-stall design.  

Science.gov (United States)

We compared the prevalence and severity of skin lesions on the hocks of lactating dairy cows in southern British Columbia, comparing 20 farms using three common bedding surfaces: sawdust, sand, and geotextile mattresses. Skin lesions were scored at five positions on the hock. For each position we noted if the lesion showed inflammatory attributes, and then assigned a severity score. Of the 1752 lactating cows scored, 1267 cows (73%) had at least one hock lesion. Of those cows with lesions, 87% had lesions on both legs, 76% had lesions on more than one location on the hock, and 78% had a lesion of at least moderate severity (i.e., evidence of skin breakage or an area of hair loss >10 cm2). Lesions were most prevalent on farms that used geotextile mattresses (91% of cows) and least common on farms that used sand (24% of cows). Moreover, lesions on cows from farms using mattresses were more numerous and more severe than those on cows from sand-bedded farms. The prevalence and severity of lesions on farms using sawdust was intermediate. Lesions also varied in relation to location on the hock. For farms using geotextile mattresses, lesions were more common and more severe on the lateral surfaces of both the tuber calcis and the tarsal joint. On farms using sawdust, lesions were common on the dorsal surface of the tuber calcis and the lateral surfaces of both the tuber calcis and the tarsal joint. Lesions were rare on all five positions for cows from sand-bedded farms. Among the 10 farms sampled using sawdust, we found a significant negative relationship between the length of the stall and severity of lesions. For cows with lesions, the number and severity of lesions increased with age. PMID:10791785

Weary, D M; Taszkun, I

2000-04-01

268

Implant periapical lesion. Case report  

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Full Text Available ?mplant periapical lesion (IPL is probably not a uniform entity in all cases presented in the literature. Asseptic bone necrosis may be a cause for some of the IPLs, whilst the presence of microorganisms is not always detectable with conventional methods. A case of IPL in a male patient who underwent an extraction of 12 tooth and an immediate implantation at this site is presented. Eight months postoperatively, an IPL was revealed on radiologic examination. After surgical exploration, the IPL was removed and examined histologically and microbiologically. The implant was replaced with a longer one and a bone regeneration procedure was simultaneously carried out. From the study of the lesion and the patient’s followup, infection cannot be considered as primary cause information of presented IPL, but literature data suggests that classic histology and microbiology cannot exclude infection from IPL causatives.

Gregory Venetis, Fotis Iordanidis, Paraskevi Giovani, Lambros Zouloumis

2011-04-01

269

Radiological Study on the Primary Tuberculous Lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The simple chest X-ray study is essential in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis, especially primary pulmonary tuberculosis. Authers analyzed the chest films and tuberculin tests of 521 cases which are suspected primary pulmonary tuberculosis clinically, from Jan. 1978 to Nov. 1982 at Seoul Red Cross Hospital. The results are as follows: 1. Among the total 521 cases, the 115 cases of chest film reveal 245 probable pulmonary tuberculous lesions. 2. The coincidence of the parenchymal and lymphnodal involvement are observed in 40 cases (34.8%) with 137 lesions (55.9%), parenchymal only in 23 cases (20.0%) with 25 lesions (10.2%) and lymphnodal only in 52 cases (45.2%) with 83 lesions (33.9%). 3. In observing the distribution of the 83 parenchymal lesions, the right lung is two times as common as that of the left, being the highest in the RLL field with 41 lesions (49.4%), the lowest in the LLL field with 3 lesions (3.6%). 4. In observing the distribution of the 162 lymphnodal lesions, there are 95 lesions (58.6%) in the right and 67 lesions (41.4%) in the left, involving hilar nodes with 150 lesions (92.6%) and mediastinal nodes with 12 lesions (7.4%). The incidence of unilateral involvement is 13 cases (11.3%) and bilateral 79 cases (68.7%). 5. Among the total 245 lesions, 141 lesions (57.5%) are smaller than rice in size, 120 lesions (49.0%) are amorphous in shape and 186 lesions (75.9%) are mainly calcific in density. According to the increase of age, count and detectg to the increase of age, count and detection rate of the lesion on the chest film are increased. 6. Tuberculin tests showed 26.1% negative rate in 115 tuberculous cases, and 51% positive rate in 406 negative chest cases.

270

Bacteriology of diabetic foot lesions  

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Clinical grading and bacteriological study of 107 patients with diabetic foot lesions revealed polymicrobial aetiology in 69 (64.4%) and single aetiology in 21 (19.6%). Among 107 patients 62 had ulcer. Of these 31 had mixed aerobes. Twenty six patients with cellulitis and 12 with gangrene had more than 5 types of aerobes and anaerobes such as E.coli, Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas spp., Proteus spp., Enterobactor spp., Enterococci spp.,

Anandi C; Alaguraja D; Natarajan V; Ramanathan M; Subramaniam C; Thulasiram M; Sumithra S

2004-01-01

271

Symmetrical thalamic lesions in infants.  

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Clinical observations and findings on imaging are reported in six newborns with symmetrical thalamic lesions (STL). In three cases the diagnosis was confirmed by postmortem examination. Characteristic observations in this series and 17 previously reported cases include no evidence of perinatal asphyxia, high incidence of polyhydramnios, absent suck and swallow, absent primitive reflexes, appreciable spasticity at or within days of birth, lack of psychomotor development, and death within days ...

Eicke, M.; Briner, J.; Willi, U.; Boltshauser, E.

1992-01-01

272

Cutaneous cryptococcal infection presenting as vulvar lesion.  

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A woman aged 60, who had been immunosuppressed since receiving a renal transplant 17 years before, developed a painless ulcerated lesion on her right labia majora. Cryptococcus neoformans was demonstrated by culture and biopsy of the lesion. This is the first reported case of a genital skin lesion caused by C neoformans.

Blocher, K. S.; Weeks, J. A.; Noble, R. C.

1987-01-01

273

Lytic clavicular lesions in fibromatosis colli  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two patients with fibromatosis colli (congenital torticollis) presented with lytic lesions in the clavicle at the insertion of the fibrosed clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Biopsy of one lesion showed intraosseous fibrosis. These lesions are probably not uncommon but radiographs are rarely performed in uncomplicated cases. (orig.)

274

Lytic clavicular lesions in fibromatosis colli  

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Two patients with fibromatosis colli (congenital torticollis) presented with lytic lesions in the clavicle at the insertion of the fibrosed clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Biopsy of one lesion showed intraosseous fibrosis. These lesions are probably not uncommon but radiographs are rarely performed in uncomplicated cases.

Sartoris, D.J.; Parker, B.R.; Mochizuki, R.M.

1983-06-01

275

CLASSIFYING NODULAR LESIONS OF ORAL CAVITY  

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Full Text Available Diagnosis of many lesions of the oral cavity is challenging to most cliniciansbecause of their uncommon prevalence. A number of cystic, osteodystrophic,microbial, tumor and tumor like lesions of the oral cavity are present withcharacteristic exophytic/raised surface; which makes their diagnosis and studysimpler. The present article is attempted at classifying the common nodular lesions ofthe oral cavity.

Sumit Bhateja

2013-07-01

276

Hyperspectral imaging of melanocytic lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) allows the identification of objects through the analysis of their unique spectral signatures. Although first developed many years ago for use in terrestrial remote sensing, this technology has more recently been studied for application in the medical field. With preliminary data favoring a role for HSI in distinguishing normal and lesional skin tissues, we sought to investigate the potential use of HSI as a diagnostic aid in the classification of atypical Spitzoid neoplasms, a group of lesions that often leave dermatopathologists bewildered. One hundred and two hematoxylin and eosin-stained tissue samples were divided into 1 of 4 diagnostic categories (Spitz nevus, Spitz nevus with unusual features, atypical Spitzoid neoplasm, and Spitzoid malignant melanoma) and 1 of 2 control groups (benign melanocytic nevus and malignant melanoma). A region of interest was selected from the dermal component of each sample, thereby maximizing the examination of melanocytes. Tissue samples were examined at ×400 magnification using a spectroscopy system interfaced with a light microscope. The absorbance patterns of wavelengths from 385 to 880 nm were measured and then analyzed within and among groups. All tissue groups demonstrated 3 common absorbance spectra at 496, 533, and 838 nm. Each sample group contained at least one absorption point that was unique to that group. The Spitzoid malignant melanoma category had the highest number of total and unique absorption points for any sample group. The data were then clustered into 12 representative spectral classes. Although each of the sample groups contained all 12 spectral vectors, they did so in differing proportions. These preliminary results reveal differences in the spectral signatures of the Spitzoid lesions examined in this study. Further investigation into a role for HSI in classifying atypical Spitzoid neoplasms is encouraged. PMID:24247577

Gaudi, Sudeep; Meyer, Rebecca; Ranka, Jayshree; Granahan, James C; Israel, Steven A; Yachik, Theodore R; Jukic, Drazen M

2014-02-01

277

Characterization of different verrucous mucosal lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Oral lesions indicative of biopsy represent unique presentation either in the form of proliferations/ulcerations of the squamous lining epithelium. These lesions have similar appearance clinically and histopathologically hence are excised for microscopic evaluation to rule out early or hidden malignancy. Verrucous mucosal lesions clinically present a diagnostic dilemma, which makes histopathological examination a significant one in the differentiation of the lesion to ascertain the nature. This short communication aims to discuss the different histological characterization of oral verrucous mucosal lesions. PMID:24355971

Swetha, P; Supriya, Naga A; Kumar, Govind Raj N

2013-01-01

278

Granulomatous lesions of the orbits  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper assesses the CT characteristics of biopsy proved granulomatous diseases occurring in the orbit. CT scans were reviewed in 39 patients with granulomatous infiltration of diverse etiology. Lesion margin, location, attenuation, presence of bone erosion or destruction, sinus involvement, and extraorbital extension were all evaluated. In 25 to 39 patients, the mass was well defined and no specific location was identified. Calcification was rare, and fat was present only in dermoid cysts. Lacrimal gland enlargement was seen in all cases of orbital sarcoid. An orbital mass was found in 3/5 patients with sarcoidosis and 5/7 with Wegener granulomatosis (normal sinuses in 3/7)

279

Percutaneous biopsy of musculoskeletal lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Differential diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders can be limited or even rendered precise if all available non invasive radiological modalities are used. Not otherwise classified lesions have to be biopsied. A minimal invasive approach is often applied. Using computed tomography, ultrasonography, fluoroscopy or magnetic resonance imaging, the herewith experienced radiologist is in a position to biopsy almost all parts of the body. Prerequisites for the successful implementation of these procedures are experience and specific knowledge about indication, intervention as well as interpretation of the results of the biopsy in clinical and radiological context. (orig.)

280

Pathology Case Study: Intrasellar Lesion  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 59-year-old woman with a three-year history of headache and fatigue is determined to have an intrasellar non contrast-enhancing lesion. Visitors are given the clinical history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Deckert, Martina; Hans, Volkmar H.; Kristof, Rudolf A.; Urbach, Horst

2009-03-04

 
 
 
 
281

Dieulafoy's lesion of duodenum: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Extragastric location of Dieulafoy's lesion is rare. We report two cases of Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum and discuss the management of this extremely uncommon entity. Case presentation Two cases of massive upper gastro-intestinal bleeding in young adults due to Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum are reported. Endoscopic diagnosis was possible in both cases. Hemostasis was achieved successfully by endoscopic adrenaline injection. The endoscopic appearance, pitfalls in the diagnosis and management of this rare lesion are discussed. Conclusions Endoscopic diagnosis of extragastric Dieulafoy's lesion can be difficult because of the small size and obscure location of the lesion. Increased awareness and careful and early endoscopic evaluation following the bleeding episode are the key to accurate diagnosis. Adrenaline injection is one of the important endoscopic modalities for control of bleeding.

Wagholikar Gajanan D

2003-01-01

282

Diffusion-weighted imaging of skull lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Diffusion-weighted imaging can increase the conspicuity of skull lesions and be applied toward noninvasive differentiation of malignant from benign lesions. Malignant skull lesions generally display lower diffusivity than benign lesions, although there are exceptions, and clinical parameters and conventional imaging modalities should also be considered in the evaluation of skull lesions. Nevertheless, in some instances diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can be used for problem solving when conventional imaging features are indeterminate, such as with skull base involvement by nasopharyngeal carcinoma versus osteomyelitis. In addition, DWI may be useful for monitoring treatment effects. The use of readout segmented technique, parallel imaging, multishot acquisition, turbo spin-echo DWI, diffusion tensor imaging, and higher field strengths can improve image quality. The feasibility of implementing DWI for characterizing skull lesions, the DWI findings of benign and malignant skull lesions, and technical considerations are discussed in this article. PMID:25072014

Ginat, Daniel T; Mangla, Rajiv; Yeaney, Gabrielle; Ekholm, Sven

2014-06-01

283

[Precursor lesions of pancreatobiliary cancer].  

Science.gov (United States)

Precursor lesions of pancreatobiliary cancer can be divided into cystic and flat lesions. Mucinous cystic neoplasm and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) comprise the cystic precursors in the pancreas, while intraductal papillary neoplasm (IPN) represents their counterpart in the bile duct system. There is an adenoma-carcinoma sequence in the cystic precursors arising from four different types of epithelia: pancreatobiliary, oncocytic, intestinal and gastric. These subtypes of IPMN/IPN are morphologically and immunohistochemically well characterised and show clinical and prognostic relevance: the gastric subtype is associated with the best prognosis, followed by the oncocytic and intestinal subtypes, while the pancreatobiliary subtype is characterized by adverse clinical behaviour. Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN) represent the flat precursors. PanIN are morphologically and biologically well defined. PanIN with lobulocentric atrophy has recently been described as a putative precursor of pancreatic cancer. Despite well defined morphological features in BilIN, the molecular alterations seen during early tumor progression in the biliary tract are poorly understood. PMID:21909795

Sipos, B; Henopp, T

2011-11-01

284

Ultrasonographic findings of breast lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Authors retrospectively analyzed ultrasonographic findings of 61 cases of breast lesions which were proven pathologically at Daerim St. Mary's Hospital from May 1987 to February 1990. The results were as follows : 1. Of all 61 cases, there were 27 fibroadenomas, 13 fibrocystic diseases, 11 carcinomas, 8 abscesses, 1 sclerosing adenosis, and 1 intraductal papilloma. 2. Findings suggesting benignancy were smooth contour, round or oval shape, homogeneously echolucent internal echo, echogenic boundary echo, and posterior enhancement. In the cases of abscess, the findings were rather irregular contour, strong posterior enhancement, and dirty, inhomogeneous internal echo. While irregular and lobulated shape, inhomogeneous and mixed internal echo and pectoral muscle invasion were suggested for malignancy. 3. The sensitivity was 98% and the specificity 58% in benign mass excluding abscesses, 63% and 98% in abscesses, and 55% and 98% in carcinomas. In conclusion, ultrasonography is one of the excellent imaging modality for detecting breast lesions larger than 5 mm in size, but unfortunately some of the malignant tumors simulated benignancy, thus we considered fine needle aspiration biopsy and adjunctive imaging modalities such as film mammography must be followed for better detection of breast cancer

285

Benign Eyelid Lesions: Six Months Study  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Benign eyelid lesions are classified to infectious, inflammatory and tumoral lesions. The various number of these lesions is due to unique eyelid anatomical structure. Some lesions are simple and do not need any treatment but sometimes patients refer to ophthalmologists due to beauty or problems such as pain, swelling. The aim of our study is to investigate and compare the relative frequency of benign eyelid lesions in Shahid Sadoughi eye clinic as well as the private offices. Methods: This cross sectional six month study was done on 247 patients who referred to Shahid Sadoughi eye clinic and the private offices in 2011. They were examined by direct observation and slit lamp regardless of the cause. The information was gleaned by a questionnaire and the research data was analyzed by SPSS (ver.16. Results: we studied 247 patients including 84(34% male and 163(6% female. The mean age of the patients was 42.7 years. 60.2% of lesions were in upper lid and 39.8% were in lower lid. 51.2% of lesions were in right eye and 48.8% were in left eye. The most common eyelid lesions were papilloma (32.9% nevus (21.9% and chalazion (14.1% respectively. Conclusion: Papilloma, nevus and chalazion are respectively the most common lesion in men and women. Benign lesions were more common in women located more in upper lid, though there was no statistically difference between right and left lid.

E Abbasi Shavvazi

2013-04-01

286

Bony reconstruction by reposition of bony chips in suboccipital craniectomy  

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Full Text Available In suboccipital craniectomy where the bone is not repositioned, there may be a significant cosmetic defect due to lack of skull bone in the suboccipital region. It may accompanied by sensory symptoms, including pain. To prevent any cosmetic defect and sensory symptoms we repositioned the bone chips at the craniectomy site in 42 suboccipital craniectomies before the closure of the scalp. At a mean follow-up of 22 months (range: 5-44 months, two patients complained of mild discomfort in the healed wound or of occasional local pain. One patient complained of mild itching at the site. In two patients, bone chips were accumulated at the lower part of the suboccipital craniectomy and failed to form a uniform bone cover at the operated site. In one patient, all bone chips were reabsorbed and there was no bone at the operated site. There was pseudomeningocele formation in one patient. In the rest of the cases there was satisfactory bone coverage at the operated site, both clinically and radiologically. The wound sites were aesthetically acceptable in 40 cases. Our study suggests that in the majority of cases where suboccipital craniotomy is not possible or not done, repositioning of the bone chips at the craniectomy site is associated with satisfactory aesthetic and functional outcome and formation of bone coverage at the operated site.

Chowdhury Forhad

2010-01-01

287

Factitial pemphigus-like lesions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english The maxillofacial region is rarely subjected to self-inflicted conditions such as factitious disease. Nasal ulceration, facial emphysema, periorbital ecchymosis, mandibular subluxation, gingival and mucosal ulceration, dental and salivary gland pain and glossopharyngeal neuralgia have been reported [...] as possible manifestations of factitious disease. We report a case of a young woman who presented with unilateral bullous and ulcerative oral and erythematous facial lesions that were initially diagnosed as pemphigus vulgaris but was later determined to be secondary to self-inflicted injuries. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this clinical scenario has not been previously reported in the context of a factitious disease and, therefore, may be considered in the differential diagnosis of oral vesiculobullous disorders.

Ali Taghavi, Zonuz; Nathaniel, Treister; Fahimeh, Mehdipour; Ramin Mostofizadeh, Farahani; Richard Shane, Tubbs; Mohammadali Mohajel, Shoja.

2007-05-01

288

Factitial pemphigus-like lesions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english The maxillofacial region is rarely subjected to self-inflicted conditions such as factitious disease. Nasal ulceration, facial emphysema, periorbital ecchymosis, mandibular subluxation, gingival and mucosal ulceration, dental and salivary gland pain and glossopharyngeal neuralgia have been reported [...] as possible manifestations of factitious disease. We report a case of a young woman who presented with unilateral bullous and ulcerative oral and erythematous facial lesions that were initially diagnosed as pemphigus vulgaris but was later determined to be secondary to self-inflicted injuries. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this clinical scenario has not been previously reported in the context of a factitious disease and, therefore, may be considered in the differential diagnosis of oral vesiculobullous disorders.

Ali Taghavi, Zonuz; Nathaniel, Treister; Fahimeh, Mehdipour; Ramin Mostofizadeh, Farahani; Richard Shane, Tubbs; Mohammadali Mohajel, Shoja.

289

Cutaneous lesions in new born.  

Science.gov (United States)

Five hundred unselected newborn babies delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Unit II of SGBT Hospital attached to Government Medical College, Amritsar during April 2000 to October 2000 were examined for cutaneous lesions daily for the first five days after birth. Different cutaneous lesions were seen in 474(94.8%) newborns. The physiological skin changes observed in order of frequency were Epstein pearls in 305(61%), Mongolian spot in 301(60.2%), superficial cutaneous desquamation in 200(40%), icterus in 128(25.6%), milia in 119(23.8%), sebaceous gland hyperplasia in 107(21.4%), occipital alopecia in 94(18.8%), lanugo in 72(14.4%), peripheral cyanosis in 47(9.4%), breast hypertrophy in 29(5.8%) and miniature puberty in 28(5.6%) newborns. Of the transient non-infective skin diseases, erythema toxicum neonatorum was observed most commonly in 105(21%), followed by miliaria rubra in 103(20.6%) and acne neonatorum in 27(5.4%) newborns. The naevi and other developmental defects in the descending order were salmon patch in 69(13.8%), congenital melanocytic noevi in 10(2%), accessory tragi in 3(0.6%), spina bifida in 2(0.4%), hydrocephalus in 1(0.2%) and poliosis in 1(0.2%) newborns. Cradle cap was the only dermatitis observed in 50(10%) newborns. One (0.2%) case each of Harlequin ichthyosis and labial cyst was seen. PMID:17656992

Sachdeva, Meenakshi; Kaur, Surjeet; Nagpal, Madhu; Dewan, S P

2002-01-01

290

Cutaneous lesions in new born  

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Full Text Available Five hundred unselected newborn babies delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Unit II of SGBT Hospital attached to Government Medical College, Amritsar during April 2000 to October 2000 were examined for cutaneous lesions daily for the first five days after birth. Different cutaneous lesions were seen in 474(94. 8% newborns. The physiological skin changes observed in order of frequency were Epstein pearls in 305(61%, Mongolian spot in 301(60. 2%, superficial cutaneous desquamation in 200(40%, icterus in 128(25. 6%, milia in 119(23. 8%, sebaceous gland hyperplasia in 107 (21. 4%, occipital alopecia in 94(18. 8%, lanugo in 72(14. 4%, peripheral cyanosis in 47(9. 4%, breast hypertrophy in 29(5. 8% and miniature puberty in 28(5. 6% newborns. Of the transient non-infective skin diseases, erythema toxicum neonatorum was observed most commonly in 105(21 %, followed by miliaria rubra in 103(20. 6% and acne neonatorum in 27(5. 4% newborns. The naevi and other developmental defects in the descending order were salmon patch in 69(13. 8%, congenital melanocytic noevi in 10(2%, accessory tragi in 3(0.6%, spina bifida in 2(0.4%, hydrocephalus in 1(0.2% and poliosis in 1(0.2% newborns. Cradle cap was the only dermatitis observed in 50(10% newborns. One (0.2% case each of Harlequin ichthyosis and labial cyst was seen.

Sachdeva Meenakshi

2002-11-01

291

Localization and management of occult breast lesions.  

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Mammography is an effective method for finding lesions of the breast which are occult at clinical examination. For occult lesions biopsy, including as little surrounding tissue as possible, it is necessary that they be located before surgery in order to improve the pathological process and the cosmetic outcome for the patients. Among the clinically occult lesions shown only by mammography, the frequency of breast cancers ranges from 10% to 47%. There are several different techniques for locat...

Sismondi, Piero; Zola, Paolo

1991-01-01

292

Radiologic aspects of the Galeazzi lesion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In lesions of the forearm that included a fracture of the distal two thirds of the radial shaft, a concomitant disruption of the distal radio-ulnar joint was found in 20 out of 38 cases. In 15 cases a typical Galeazzi lesion was present. Dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint frequently goes unrecognized. The clinical significance of a lesion in the distal radio-ulnar joint is related to its prognostic value. (orig.)

293

Lesions of the bartholin gland: a review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Most lesions of the Bartholin gland are cysts or abscesses. Clinicians are taught that lesions of the Bartholin gland occurring in older women should raise the differential diagnosis of malignancy, although these are uncommon. A variety of more unusual and rare lesions of the Bartholin gland have been reported. This review focuses on these less common entities, which must be considered as well when encountering pathology of the Bartholin gland. PMID:24914884

Heller, Debra S; Bean, Sarah

2014-10-01

294

LESIONES Y FACTORES DEPORTIVOS EN FUTBOLISTAS JÓVENES  

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El presente trabajo estudia las relaciones entre factores deportivos (categoría de competición, posición táctica de juego, tiempo de práctica competitiva) y lesiones en futbolistas alevines, infantiles y cadetes. Noventa y dos jugadores, pertenecientes al mismo club, fueron objeto de estudio. Los resultados indican que existen diferencias significativas entre la categoría de competición y las lesiones, y entre el tiempo de juego y las lesiones, de manera que los jugadores de la categor...

Aurelio Olmedilla Zafra; Lvarez, Mu Aa Dolores Andreu U. C.; Lucu00EDa Abenza Cano; Ortu Edn Montero, Francisco J.; Amador Blas Redondo

2006-01-01

295

Lesion expansion as an epidemic component.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT A simulator for the enlargement of cohorts of circular lesions on cohorts of host tissue was used to examine five epidemiological parameters: radial rate (mm day(-1)) of lesion expansion, k (exp); maximum basic infection rate, R (m); proportion of lesion area as infectious, f; initial lesion size (mm(2)), z; and proportion of susceptible host sites, s. Based on the proportion of disease severity at day 50 and the proportion of the total disease that originated solely from lesion expansion, k(exp) was the most sensitive of the five parameters. A radial rate of only 0.1 mm day(-1) resulted in a proportion of >0.7 of the diseased area that came from lesion expansion. In an extensive survey of phytopathological literature, many plant pathogens had radial rates greater than 0.1 mm day(-1), which would result in a proportion of >0.95 of the total disease that comes from lesion expansion. Susceptible host sites, s, was a sensitive parameter, as this determined the host area into which lesions could expand. Naturally, R(m) was a sensitive parameter for the proportion of disease on day 50, as it controlled the overall speed of the epidemic. Initial lesion size was a relatively insensitive parameter, although z interacted significantly with s. The greatest proportion of disease that originated from lesion expansion occurred with fast k(exp), small z, and low values of s, R(m), and f. The model was validated with lesion numbers and severities obtained in natural epidemics of Cercospora medicaginis on alfalfa and Exserohilum turcicum on maize. We recommend that the 'epidemic quintuplet' used to describe polycyclic epidemics be expanded to the 'epidemic sextuplet' with the inclusion of k(exp), since lesion expansion is a major component of many polycyclic epidemics. PMID:18945033

Berger, R D; Filho, A B; Amorim, L

1997-10-01

296

Temporal lobe sulcal pattern and the bony impressions in the middle cranial fossa: the case of the el sidrón (Spain) neandertal sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

Correspondence between temporal lobe sulcal pattern and bony impressions on the middle cranial fossae (MCF) was analyzed. MCF bone remains (SD-359, SD-315, and SD-1219) from the El Sidrón (Spain) neandertal site are analyzed in this context. Direct comparison of the soft and hard tissues from the same individual was studied by means of: 1) dissection of two human heads; 2) optic (white light) surface scans; 3) computed tomography and magnetic resonance of the same head. The inferior temporal sulcus and gyrus are the features most strongly influencing MCF bone surface. The Superior temporal sulcus and middle temporal and fusiform gyri also leave imprints. Temporal lobe form differs between Homo sapiens and neandertals. A wider and larger post-arcuate fossa (posterior limit of Brodmann area 20 and the anterior portion of area 37) is present in modern humans as compared to neandertals. However other traits of the MCF surface are similar in these two large-brained human groups. A conspicuous variation is appreciated in the more vertical location of the inferior temporal gyrus in H. sapiens. In parallel, structures of the lower surface of the temporal lobe are more sagittally orientated. Grooves accommodating the fusiform and the lower temporal sulci become grossly parallel to the temporal squama. These differences can be understood within the context of a supero-lateral deployment of the lobe in H. sapiens, a pattern previously identified (Bastir et al., Nat Commun 2 (2011) 588-595). Regarding dural sinus pattern, a higher incidence of petrosquamous sinus is detected in neandertal samples. Anat Rec, 297:2331-2341, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24943273

Rosas, Antonio; Peña-Melián, Angel; García-Tabernero, Antonio; Bastir, Markus; De La Rasilla, Marco

2014-12-01

297

Using an extreme bony prominence anatomical model to examine the influence of bed sheet materials and bed making methods on the distribution of pressure on the support surface.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bed sheets generate high surface tension across the support surface and increase pressure to the body through a process known as the hammock effect. Using an anatomical model and a loading device characterized by extreme bony prominences, the present study compared pressure distributions on support surfaces across different bed making methods and bed sheet materials to determine the factors that influence pressure distribution. The model was placed on a pressure mapping system (CONFORMat; NITTA Corp., Osaka, Japan), and interface pressure was measured. Bed sheet elasticity and friction between the support surface and the bed sheets were also measured. For maximum interface pressure, the relative values of the following methods were higher than those of the control method, which did not use any bed sheets: cotton sheets with hospital corners (1.28, p = 0.02), polyester with no corners (1.29, p = 0.01), cotton with no corners (1.31, p = 0.003), and fitted polyester sheets (1.35, p = 0.002). Stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that maximum interface pressure was negatively correlated with bed sheet elasticity (R(2) = 0.74). A statistically significant negative correlation was observed between maximum interface pressure and immersion depth, which was measured using the loading device (r = -0.40 and p = 0.04). We found that several combinations of bed making methods and bed sheet materials induced maximum interface pressures greater than those observed for the control method. Bed sheet materials influenced maximum interface pressure, and bed sheet elasticity was particularly important in reducing maximum interface pressure. PMID:24524899

Iuchi, Terumi; Nakajima, Yukari; Fukuda, Moriyoshi; Matsuo, Junko; Okamoto, Hiroyuki; Sanada, Hiromi; Sugama, Junko

2014-05-01

298

Early detection of bony alterations in rheumatoid and erosive arthritis of finger joints with high-resolution single photon emission computed tomography, and differentiation between them  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) for the detection of bony alterations in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA), early osteoarthritis (EOA) of the fingers and healthy controls. The clinically dominant hands of 27 patients (13 ERA, nine EOA, five healthy controls) were examined by MPH-SPECT and bone scintigraphy. Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in the ERA patients. Number of affected joints, localisation, pattern of tracer distribution and joint involvement were scored. Quantitative analysis was achieved by measurement of the region of interest (ROI) in all patients. The MPH-SPECT and MR images were fused in the ERA group. Bone scintigraphy detected fewer joints (26 joints,13/22 patients) with increased tracer uptake than did MPH-SPECT (80 joints, 21/22 patients). Bone scintigraphy did not show recognisable uptake patterns in any group of patients. With MPH-SPECT central tracer distribution was typical in ERA (10/13 patients, EOA 2/9). In contrast, an eccentric pattern was found predominantly in EOA (7/9, ERA 2/13). Normalised counts were 4.5 in unaffected joints and up to 222.7 in affected joints. The mean uptake values in affected joints were moderately higher in the EOA patients (78.75, and 62.16 in ERA). The mean tracer uptake in affected joints was approximately three-times higher than in unaffected joints in both groups (ERA 3.64-times higher, EOA 3.58). Correlation with MR images revealed that bone marrow oedema and erosions matched pathological tracer accumulation of MPH-SPECT in 11/13. MPH-SPECT demonstrated increased activity in 2/13 patients with normal bone marrow signal intensity and synovitis seen on MR images. MPH-SPECT is sensitive to early changes in ERA and EOA and permits them to be distinguished by their patterns of uptake. (orig.)

Ostendorf, B.; Schneider, M. [Heinrich-Heine University, Rheumatology, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Rheumatology, Duesseldorf (Germany); Mattes-Gyoergy, K.; Wirrwar, A.; Mueller, H.W. [Heinrich-Heine University, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Duesseldorf (Germany); Reichelt, D.C.; Blondin, D.; Lanzman, R.; Moedder, U.; Scherer, A. [Heinrich-Heine University, Institute of Radiology, Duesseldorf (Germany)

2010-01-15

299

Use of CT simulation for treatment of cervical cancer to assess the adequacy of lymph node coverage of conventional pelvic fields based on bony landmarks  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To assess the adequacy of nodal coverage of 'conventional' pelvic radiation fields for carcinoma of the cervix, with contoured pelvic vessels on simulation computed tomography (CT) as surrogates for lymph node location. Methods and Materials: Pelvic arteries were contoured on non-contrast-enhanced CT simulation images of 43 patients with cervix cancer, FIGO Stages I-III. Vessel contours were hidden, and conventional pelvic fields were outlined: (1) anterior/posterior fields (AP): superior border, L5-S1 interspace; inferior border, obturator foramina; lateral border, 2 centimeters lateral to pelvic brim. (2) Lateral fields (LAT): Anterior border, symphysis pubis; posterior border, S2-S3 interspace. Distances were measured between the following: (1) bifurcation of the common iliac artery and superior border (2) external iliac artery and lateral border of the AP field, and (3) external iliac artery and anterior border of the LAT field. The distances were considered as 'inadequate' if 20 mm. Results: Superiorly, 34 patients (79.1%) had inadequate coverage. On the AP, margins were generous in 19 (44.2%), but inadequate in 9 (20.9%). On the LAT, margins were inadequate in 30 (69.8%) patients. Overall, 41 (95.4%, CI, 84.2%-99.4%) patients had at least 1 inadequate margin, the majority located superiorly. Twenty-four (55.8%; CI, 39.9%-70.9%) patients had at least 1 generous margin, the majority located laterally on the AP field. Conclusion: Conventional pelvic fields based on bony landmarks do not provide optimal lymph node coverage in a substantial proportion of patients and may include excess normal tissue in some. CT simulation with vessel contouring as a surrogate for lymph node localization provides more precise and individualized field delineation

300

The Felix-trial. Double-blind randomization of interspinous implant or bony decompression for treatment of spinal stenosis related intermittent neurogenic claudication  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Decompressive laminotomy is the standard surgical procedure in the treatment of patients with canal stenosis related intermittent neurogenic claudication. New techniques, such as interspinous process implants, claim a shorter hospital stay, less post-operative pain and equal long-term functional outcome. A comparative (cost- effectiveness study has not been performed yet. This protocol describes the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT on (cost- effectiveness of the use of interspinous process implants versus conventional decompression surgery in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Methods/Design Patients (age 40-85 presenting with intermittent neurogenic claudication due to lumbar spinal stenosis lasting more than 3 months refractory to conservative treatment, are included. Randomization into interspinous implant surgery versus bony decompression surgery will take place in the operating room after induction of anesthesia. The primary outcome measure is the functional assessment of the patient measured by the Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ, at 8 weeks and 1 year after surgery. Other outcome parameters include perceived recovery, leg and back pain, incidence of re-operations, complications, quality of life, medical consumption, absenteeism and costs. The study is a randomized multi-institutional trial, in which two surgical techniques are compared in a parallel group design. Patients and research nurses are kept blinded of the allocated treatment during the follow-up period of 1 year. Discussion Currently decompressive laminotomy is the golden standard in the surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. Whether surgery with interspinous implants is a reasonable alternative can be determined by this trial. Trial register Dutch Trial register number: NTR1307

Brand Ronald

2010-05-01

 
 
 
 
301

Histopathological characterization of a Cameron lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cameron lesions are linear erosions located at the neck of a hiatal hernia (HH) in patients with a large HH. The prevalence has been seen in up to 5% of patients with HH who undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and they can be associated with overt gastrointestinal bleeding or anemia. These lesions occur due to vascular compression by the diaphragm in a large sliding HH. Histopathologic changes seen in the biopsy tissue of a Cameron lesion are due to ischemia, but this ischemia is reversible with treatment of HH. The existence of this entity and the histopathologic picture of a Cameron lesion is not well known to pathologists, and therefore, a microscopic picture of a Cameron lesion can be easily confused with ischemic gastritis. Ischemic gastritis is the result of atherosclerosis, usually seen in older people, unrelated to HH, and is not easily reversible. The authors received a gastric biopsy of a hiatal hernia without any associated clinical diagnosis of a Cameron lesion conveyed to the pathologist. This biopsy tissue showed ischemic changes in the gastric mucosa on microscopic examination. Diagnosis of ischemic gastritis was considered but ruled out after the case was discussed with the gastroenterologist. The correct diagnosis was made once the clinical diagnosis of HH with Cameron lesion (ie, a vertical red erosion) was made known to the pathologist. By reporting this case, the authors aim to increase awareness of Cameron lesion among pathologists so that they ask about the presence of a Cameron lesion before making the diagnosis of ischemic gastritis. PMID:22614163

Katz, Jordan; Brar, Sonia; Sidhu, Jagmohan S

2012-10-01

302

Thermophysical lesions caused by HZE particles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper deals with a type of damage caused by heavy particles that may occur in subcellular structures. These lesions are called thermophysical radiation injury and are similar to damage produced in solids by HZE particles. This chapter summarizes some of the experimental evidence for the presence of these lesions in certain mammalian tissues including the retina, brain, cornea, lens of mice and seeds of corn. Of all tissues examined, only the cornea exhibited a type of lesion which would fulfill the criteria of thermophysical lesions

303

Profile of osteolytic lesions on bone scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Retrospective analysis of 35 osteolytic lesions seen radiologically was done. All the patients were subjected to three-phase bone scintigraphy. They were categorized into Category 1: Vascular (n = 10), Category 2: Nonvascular (n = 25). The nonvascular lesions were sub classified into those associated without biochemical evidence of metabolic bone disease (Class A) and those with biochemical as well as scan evidence of metabolic bone disease (Class B). Class B was divided into B1 - Osteomalacia and B2 - Hyperparathyroidism. In Category 1: 9/10 lesions were malignant. 1/10 lesion had septic arthritis. In Category 2: Class A - 3/15 had malignancy. (2 metastases, 1 plasmacytoma). (The nonmalignant lesions were 4 Fibrous dysplasia, 1 Eosinophilic granuloma, 4 Bone cysts, 1 Osteoid osteoma, 1 Avascular necrosis, 1 Inflammatory). Class B1 (n = 5) had low serum calcium, normal or high serum phosphorous, and high serum alkaline phosphatase. Class B2 (n = 5) has high serum calcium, low or normal serum phosphorous, high serum alkaline phosphatase and high serum parathyroid hormone level. Parathyroid scanning in-group B2 revealed parathyroid adenomas in the neck as the cause of hyperparathyroidism. It was observed that majority of vascular osteolytic lesions were malignant (90%). 75% of malignant lesions had evidence of hypervascularity on first and second phase (9/12). 80% of nonvascular lesions were benign. Metabolic bone disease is a frequent cause of osteolytic lesions (28.5%). (author)

304

Tumor simulating lesions on cranial MR imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Statistically tumors are the most likely cause of space-occupying intracranial lesions. However, many non-neoplastic diseases also manifest as mass lesions and may be indistinguishable from tumors. The most common of these are inflammatory and dysplastic lesions, which intraaxially imitate mostly glioma, lymphoma, and metastases and extraaxially meningeoma and neurinoma. Aside from a willingness on the part of the diagnostic radiologist to question the most obvious diagnosis, on clinical history and findings are prerequisites for a sound radiological differential diagnosis. The aim of this article is to provide practical overview of the differential diagnosis of intracranial mass lesions with emphasis on non-neoplastic abnormalities. (orig.)

305

Circumscribed congenital alopecias harbouring dual lesions  

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Full Text Available Treatment of alopecia is often challenging for the clinician as it includes a spectrum of lesions ranging from congenital to acquired causes. We present three cases of congenital circumscribed alopecia, present since birth, clinically diagnosed as nevus sebaceous. Histopathological examination of the excised tissue showed syringocystadenoma papilliferum with dermatophytosis in one and nevus sebaceous with dermatophytosis in the other two cases. Although complete excision is the treatment of choice for these lesions, an antifungal agent is needed to eradicate the concurrent superficial mycosis. A careful histopathological examination of the lesional skin helps in identifying such unexpected dual lesions that would need further treatment.

Rao Shalinee

2010-01-01

306

Inter- and intra-observer variability associated with the use of the Mirels' scoring system for metastatic bone lesions.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Metastatic bone disease is increasing in association with ever-improving medical management of osteophylic malignant conditions. The precise timing of surgical intervention for secondary lesions in long bones can be difficult to determine. This paper aims to evaluate a classic scoring system. All radiographs were examined twice by three orthopaedic oncologists and scored according to the Mirels\\' scoring system. The Kappa statistic was used for the purpose of statistical analysis. The results show agreement between observers (??=?0.35-0.61) for overall scores at the two time intervals. Inter-observer agreement was also seen with subset analysis of size (??=?0.27-0.60), site (??=?0.77-1.0) and nature of the lesion (??=?0.55-0.81). Similarly, low levels of intra-observer variability were noted for each of the three surgeons (?=?0.34, 0.39, and 0.78, respectively). These results indicate a reliable, repeatable assessment of bony metastases. We continue to advocate its use in the management of patients with long bone metastases.

Mac Niocaill, Ruairi F

2011-01-01

307

High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse  

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The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model of the CML previously inferred from planar radiography and histopathology. Long bone specimens from 5 fatally abused infants, whose skeletal survey showed definite or suspected CMLs, were studied postmortem. After skeletal survey, selected specimens were resected and imaged with high-resolution digital radiography. They were then scanned with micro-CT (isotropic resolution of 45 ?m{sup 3}) or with high-resolution flat-panel CT (isotropic resolutions of 200 ?m{sup 3}). Visualization of the bony structures was carried out using image enhancement, segmentation and isosurface extraction, together with volume rendering and multiplanar reformatting. These findings were then correlated with histopathology. Study of normal infant bone clarifies the 3-D morphology of the subperiosteal bone collar (SPBC) and the radiographic zone of provisional calcification (ZPC). Studies on specimens with CML confirm that this lesion is a fracture extending in a planar fashion through the metaphysis, separating a mineralized fragment. This disk-like mineralized fragment has two components: (1) a thick peripheral component encompassing the SPBC; and (2) a thin central component comprised predominantly of the radiologic ZPC. By manipulating the 3-D model, the varying appearances of the CML are displayed. High-resolution CT coupled with histopathology provides elucidation of the morphology of the CML, a strong indicator of infant abuse. This new information may prove useful in assessing the biomechanical factors that produce this strong indicator of abusive assaults in infants. (orig.)

Tsai, Andy; Kleinman, Paul K. [Boston Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); McDonald, Anna G. [Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Boston, MA (United States); Rosenberg, Andrew E. [University of Miami Hospital, Department of Pathology, Miami, FL (United States); Gupta, Rajiv [Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

2014-02-15

308

Cerebral CT of ischaemic lesions  

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The diagnosis of stroke must first be established by clinical examination. CT has proved useful for confirmation of the diagnosis and provides a global intracranial picture of morphological changes in cerebral vascular diseases. A hemorrhage can be recognized with certainty at the first CT examination as the cause of the stroke, but in the detection of a lesion due to ischemia an important role is played by the correct choice of the time of examination, and in some cases also of the check-up with contrast medium. The differential diagnosis between infarct in the acute stage and encephalitis or gliomas of low-grade malignity can be difficult. A decision can often only be made after a series of examinations. Postmalacial conditions are often difficult to differentiate from defects due to other causes, such as hemorrhage, head injury, postoperative states and after encephalitis. A knowledge of the anamnesis and the clinical findings is indispensable for CT evaluation. In assessing the prognosis before vascular surgery on the extracranial brain-supplying vessels the performance of a CT examination should be advised. A warning is given against the use of CT as a screening method.

Aulich, A.

1981-11-25

309

Restorative therapy of erosive lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

When substance loss caused by erosive tooth wear reaches a certain degree, oral rehabilitation becomes necessary. Until some 20 years ago, the severely eroded dentition could only be rehabilitated by the provision of extensive crown and bridge work or removable overdentures. As a result of the improvements in resin composite restorative materials, and in adhesive techniques, it has become possible to rehabilitate eroded dentitions in a less invasive manner. However, even today advanced erosive destruction requires the placement of more extensive restorations such as overlays and crowns. It has to be kept in mind that the etiology of the erosive lesions needs to be determined in order to halt the disease, otherwise the erosive process will continue to destroy tooth substance. This overview presents aspects concerning the restorative materials as well as the treatment options available to rehabilitate patients with erosive tooth wear, from minimally invasive direct composite reconstructions to adhesively retained all-ceramic restorations. Restorative treatment is dependent on individual circumstances and the perceived needs and concerns of the patient. Long-term success is only possible when the cause is eliminated. In all situations, the restorative preparations have to follow the principles of minimally invasive treatment. PMID:24993273

Peutzfeldt, Anne; Jaeggi, Thomas; Lussi, Adrian

2014-01-01

310

CT evaluation of benign gastric lesions  

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Full Text Available SUMMARY This pictorial review demonstrates CT features of benign gastric lesions. CT features are non-specific and frequently overlap. Familiarity with the most specific findings on CT may be useful for diagnosis. Key words: Computed tomography, benign gastric lesions.

K. Gossios, E. Tsianos

2007-03-01

311

Radiological features of excavated pulmonary tumoral lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The clinical and radiological features of 43 cases of primitive and metastatic excavated pulmonary tumoral lesions are analysed. The clinical signs and ssymptoms, sex, color, habits of life, histologic classification of the excavated primitive and metastatic lesions, size and thickness of the excavated tumoral nodules and their roentgenographic characteristics are studied. (Author)

312

[The treatment of clinically silent breast lesions].  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of a diagnostic procedure leading to the clinical diagnosis and treatment of nonpalpable lesions in breast was presented in the paper. 668 women with breast lesions were treated in our department between 1995 and 2001. Nonpalpable lesions were detected in 68 women. The following diagnostic-treatment algorithm was used: case history and physical examination, radiological examination, hooked wire localisation under mammography or USG, breast surgical biopsy, intra-operative histological examination, further procedures according to morphological changes found in patients. Mammography was performed in 68 patients. Stereotactic needle biopsy under mammography was done in 61 patients (DXRBL-18-9 needle was used). The lesions were localized under USG in 7 patients. Surgical biopsy and X-Ray examination of the removed specimen was performed in 68 patients. Intra-operative histological examination revealed benign lesions in 54 women whereas malignant lesions were found in 14 women. Post-operative complications were present in 8 patients. Nonpalpable breast lesions require individual, planned diagnostic treatment. Stereotactic needle biopsy not only allows definitive surgical removal of malignant lesions within margins of normal breast tissue but also gives a good cosmetic effect. Complex diagnostics together with standardized procedure ensure the highest rate of correct diagnosis and lower the risk of diagnostic failures. PMID:15991555

Wo?niczko, Izabela; Dabrowski, Marek; Dabrowska, Ma?gorzata; Powazka, Piotr

2005-01-01

313

Endometriotic lesions of the lower troncular nerves.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although exceptional, endometriotic lesions of the troncular nerves of the lower limb may occur and are often diagnosed with delay. We report, hereby, the first case of femoral nerve endometriosis the treatment of which consisted of radical resection with femoral nerve transplant. We completed a review of the literature on sciatic nerve endometriotic lesions and discussed the physiopathology and surgical treatment. PMID:25267476

Niro, J; Fournier, M; Oberlin, C; Le Tohic, A; Panel, P

2014-10-01

314

Malignant Lesions as Mammographically Appearing Intramammary Ganglia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intramammary ganglia are frequent mammographic findings of no pathological importance. We present two cases of malignant breast lesions whose mammographic appearance could resemble that of intramammary ganglia. Although the mammographic appearance of a lesion is similar to that of intramammary ganglia, it should be carefully studied, especially if it presents a poorly defined border or is palpable. (Author)

315

Improved resin infiltration of natural caries lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

In artificial lesions, improved penetration and the caries-inhibiting properties of infiltrating resins could be observed with increasing penetration coefficients (PCs). The aim of the present study was to compare the penetration abilities of an experimental 'infiltrant' into natural lesions with those of an adhesive in vitro. Extracted human molars and premolars showing proximal white spots were cut across the lesions perpendicular to the surface. Corresponding lesion halves were etched for 120 sec with 15% hydrochloric acid gel and were subsequently treated with either an adhesive (PC: 31 cm/sec) or an infiltrant (PC: 273 cm/sec). Specimens were observed by confocal microscopy and transverse microradiography. Penetration depths of the adhesive were significantly lower compared with those of the infiltrant (p < 0.001; Wilcoxon). It can be concluded that resins with higher PCs (infiltrants) show superior ability to penetrate natural lesions compared with resins with lower PCs. PMID:19029077

Meyer-Lueckel, H; Paris, S

2008-12-01

316

Bone scintigraphy in lesions of the skull  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The value of 3-phase-scintigraphy in bone lesions of the skull with a new seeking agent 99mTc-2,3-dicarboxypropane-1,1-diphosphonic acid (DPD) is studied. A high soft tissue-bone-ratio of DPD is emphasized. For this reason DPD is used for bone scintigraphy of the skull, because the mass of soft tissue in relation to bone is high and a higher clearance improves the interpretation of the images of the first two phases. An increased tracer uptake is found for skeletal neoplasms (malignant and benign lesions) and for acute osteomyelitis. By contrast, the chronic inflammatory bone lesions showed normal tracer uptake. This new bone seeking agent allows to localize and differentiate tumorous or acute inflammatory lesions and chronic inflammatory bone lesions of the skull

317

Cystic ovarian lesions in SSFP diffusion imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MR assessments of ovarian cystic lesions are usually based on morphological features, signal intensities and enhancement with contrast media. This study was performed to evaluate the usefulness of the steady-state free precession (SSFP) diffusion imaging of cystic ovarian lesions for analyzing cystic contents. Sixty-one ovarian cystic lesions in 37 patients were examined. The diffusion-related coefficient (DRC) and the ratio of the relative apparent diffusion coefficient of the lesion to that of subcutaneous fat tissue (rADCL/rADCF) were calculated from SSFP diffusion images. The DRCs and the rADCL /rADCF ratios in endometrial cysts and in the fatty parts of dermoid cysts were significantly lower than in other cystic tumors. SSFP diffusion imaging can be included in clinical practice to analyze ovarian cystic lesions within a short scan time; the DRC and the rADCL /rADCF ratio are useful for evaluating cystic contents. (author)

318

Peripheral osteoma of the hard palate.  

Science.gov (United States)

Osteomas are benign slow growing, osteogenic lesions which may arise from proliferation of either cancellous or compact bone. They are usually sessile tumours composed of dense sclerotic, well formed bone projecting out from the cortical surface, most often of the skull and facial bones. This paper reports a case of a peripheral osteoma in the hard palate of a 45-year-old man, which was treated by periodontal flap surgery with surgical excision of the bony lesion. Peripheral osteomas of jaw bone are uncommon and usually associated with Gardner's syndrome. Histological examination confirmed the clinical impression of a peripheral osteoma. Patient was reviewed after one year and was asymptomatic with no recurrence of the lesion. PMID:22628981

Prabhuji, M L V; Kishore, H C; Sethna, Gulnar; Moghe, Ameya G

2012-01-01

319

Distinguishing breast skin lesions from superficial breast parenchymal lesions: diagnostic criteria, imaging characteristics, and pitfalls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Superficial lesions are commonly encountered in the breast and may be located in the dermis, hypodermis (subcutaneous fat), or parenchyma. The differential diagnosis varies for each anatomic layer. Dermal lesions that are seen by breast imagers are usually benign skin cysts. Hypodermal lesions, although usually benign, may include lesions that arise from anterior terminal duct lobular units and include papilloma, adenosis, fibroadenoma, and breast cancer. To avoid misclassifying a small superficial breast cancer as a benign dermal lesion, it is necessary to understand superficial breast and skin anatomy and the mammographic, ultrasonographic (U.S.), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging signs that indicate that a lesion is dermal. Mammography is the optimal modality for localizing calcifications to the dermis or hypodermis. However, U.S. typically has higher resolution for localizing masses than mammography and MR imaging. At US, a lesion may be categorized as dermal (a) if it is contained entirely within the dermis, (b) if a tract that extends from the lesion to the skin is seen, or (c) if a claw of tissue surrounding the margin of the lesion is present. As with other breast lesions, suspicious imaging features should be sought in addition to determining the anatomic origin. If histologic analysis is necessary to characterize lesions with an unknown cause or origin, precautions must be taken to decrease patient morbidity. PMID:22084181

Giess, Catherine S; Raza, Sughra; Birdwell, Robyn L

2011-01-01

320

Diagnostic Concordance Characteristics of Oral Cavity Lesions  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic concordance characteristics of oral cavity lesions by comparing the clinical diagnosis of the lesions with the histopathologic diagnosis. Material and Method. A retrospective analysis was conducted on the patients, who were admitted with oral cavity pathology and underwent biopsy procedure between 2007 and 2011. The oral cavity lesions were classified into 6 different groups as odontogenic cysts, nonodontogenic cysts, odontogenic tumors, nonodontogenic tumors, malignant tumors, and precancerous lesions in accordance with the 2005 WHO classification. The diagnoses were also recategorized into 3 groups expressing prognostic implications as benign, precancerous, and malignant. The initial clinical diagnoses were compared with the histopathologic diagnoses. Data were analyzed statistically. Results. A total of 2718 cases were included. Histopathologic diagnosis did not match the clinical diagnosis in 6.7% of the cases. Nonodontogenic tumors and malignant tumors had the highest misdiagnosis rates (11.5% and 9%, resp.), followed by odontogenic tumors (7.7%), precancerous lesions (6.9%), and odontogenic cysts (4.4%). Clinicians were excelled in diagnosis of benign and precancerous lesions in clinical setting. Conclusion. The detailed discordance characteristics for each specific lesion should be considered during oral pathology practice to provide early detection without delay. PMID:24453906

Tatli, Ufuk; Erdogan, Ozgur; Uguz, Aysun; Ustun, Yakup; Sertdem?r, Yasar

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Oral Lesions in Kidney Transplant Patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Oral hygiene in kidney transplant recipients contributes to maintenance of the transplanted organ and its function. Thus, an investigation of oral lesions could be counted as a notable work. These patients have the potential to be involved with lesions developed as a result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate oral lesions in a group of kidney transplant recipients.Materials and Methods. The present study was a cross-sectional research on 100 patients with a kidney transplant for at least 3 months. Oral mucosa was assessed clinically for any lesion. Additional data on systemic diseases, transplant duration, and medications were recorded.Results. Twenty-four percent of the patients had at least 1 oral lesion. The most common lesion was oral candidiasis in 16% of the participants (13 cases of acute pseudomembranous and 3 cases of chronic oral candidiasis. Gingival enlargement was seen in 7% of the kidney transplant recipients, and 2% had a coated tongue.Conclusions. Elimination of oral fungal lesions in kidney transplant recipients is highly recommended. We hope this study can shed light on this particular aspect of healthcare in kidney transplant recipients.

Mahnaz Sahebjamee

2010-07-01

322

Nora's lesion, a distinct radiological entity?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To describe the radiological findings of ''Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation''(BPOP) - otherwise known as Nora's lesion, to describe the natural evolution of BPOP and to assess radiologically if BPOP is indeed part of a spectrum of reactive lesions including florid reactive periostitis and turret exostosis. Four experienced musculoskeletal radiologists studied plain radiographs and other imaging documents of histologically-proven Nora's lesions, looking for soft-tissue changes, periosteal reaction/calcification and calcified/ossified pseudotumours, and compared those findings with findings on pathology reviewed by a peer group of pathologists. Twenty-four Nora's lesions originating from a series of 200 consecutive, histologically-verified bone (pseudo)tumours of the hand, seen by the ''Netherlands Committee on Bone Tumours'' for review and second opinion. Nora's lesions have a recognised presentation on radiographs without specific MR characteristics. Natural evolution could be assessed retrospectively in four cases. Recurrent lesions were seen in seven cases and are difficult to differentiate from primary Lesions. (orig.)

323

Spinal lesions associated with anorectal malformations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and types of spinal lesions in children with anorectal malformations. During the period from March 2002 to September 2005, 186 patients with anorectal malformation were identified at our institution. Thirty-seven patients had undergone magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord. A retrospective chart review was conducted on the 33 cases excluding 4 cases with a known association of myelomeningocele. Eighteen of 33 cases (55%) had spinal lesions such as tethered cord, thickened fatty filum, or syringomyelia. Four of 6 patients with low type (67%) and 14 of 27 patients with intermediate or high type (52%) were positive for spinal lesions. The presence of sacral anomaly was highly associated with the presence of spinal lesions. However, a normal sacrum did not indicate the absence of spinal lesions. A substantial number of patients with all types of anorectal malformations have spinal lesions that may necessitate surgical intervention. Routine screening of spinal lesions by magnetic resonance imaging in all infants with any type of anorectal malformation is advocated. (author)

324

Lesion localization in aphasia without hemiparesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The distribution of the lesions responsible for aphasia unassociated with right-sided hemiparesis was evaluated by cranial computed tomography (CT) among stroke patients. In the Broca aphasia group were observed atypical aphasic symptoms, and the lesions were far more localized than in ordinary Broca one. In the Wernicke aphasia group showed relatively large lesions in the left superior temporal gyrus, sometimes extending to supramarginal and angular gyri, which caused such additional symptoms as apraxia without motor paresis in some cases. In the Transcortical motor aphasia group showed the occlusion of the left internal carotid artery, though without obvious abnormality at CT. In another patient a circumscribed low density lesion was disclosed in the area anterior and superior to so-called Broca's area. In the Transcortical sensory aphasia group, the lesion involved the borderzone supplied by the left middle and posterior cerebral arteries. In the Amnestic aphasia group showed a lesion in the left parietal lobe, while in another no remarkable change was demonstrated. In the Global aphasia group, one had multiple isolated lesions in both anterior and posterior speech areas. Another showed a large lesion involving the whole territory of the left middle cerebral artery. In the remaining one a high density area was observed in the left superior temporal, supramarginal and angular gyri, not extending to the frontal lobe beyond with sylvian fissure. Therefore, in interpreth sylvian fissure. Therefore, in interpreting CTs of such aphasic patients we must take account of not only the extent of the lesion but also the severity of destruction. (J.P.N.)

325

Right frontal cortical lesions disrupt anger mimicry.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study investigates the neural substrates of facial expression mimicry by assessing individuals with right and left lateralised frontal cortical lesions. Electromyography was used to measure spontaneous changes in electrical activity over the corrugator supercilii (brow) and zygomaticus major (cheek) muscle regions in response to happy and angry facial expressions. Individuals with right (n=4) and left (n=5) frontal cortical lesions and demographically matched controls (n=9) were compared. It was shown that while all three groups mimic happy facial expressions, only controls and individuals with left frontal lesions mimic angry expressions. These data are consistent with evidence for right frontal cortical specialisation for the processing of anger. PMID:22465863

Bailey, Phoebe E; Henry, Julie D; Varcin, Kandice J

2012-06-01

326

Endorectal prostatic US: Significance of nonpalpable lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the past year, peripherally oriented, nonpalpable, predominantly hypoechoic areas were detected in the prostate of 69 subjects. The areas, which ranged in size from 5 to 15 mm, were biopsied under US guidance. Both cytology and core biopsies were utilized. All patients were treated as outpatients. There were no complications. Twenty-two percent of lesions were malignant; 78% were benign. These data suggest that nonpalpable lesions can be detected on US, but there is still extensive overlap between benign and malignant disease. Furthermore, a hypoechoic lesion in the periphery of the gland is not pathognomonic for malignancy

327

[Degenerative lesions of the peripheral retina].  

Science.gov (United States)

Degenerative lesions of the peripheral retina are present from teenage years onwards and increase with age. These abnormabilities are frequent, some of them being benign while others predispose to retinal tears and detachment. In the latter case, the lesions are rhegmatogenous and may justify prophylactic treatment by laser photocoagulation. We distinguish congenital lesions of the peripheral retina and intraretinal, chorioretinal and vitreoretinal degenerations. The holes and tears observed in 2% of the population consist of round atrophic holes, "horseshoe" tears, oral dialyses and giant tears. PMID:24239217

Conart, J-B; Baron, D; Berrod, J-P

2014-01-01

328

Macromolecular lesions and cellular radiation chemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our studies of the interaction of densely ionizing particles with macromolecules in the living cell may be divided into four parts: characterization of lesions to cellular DNA in the unmodified Bragg ionization curve; characterization of lesions to cellular DNA in the spread Bragg curve as used in radiation therapy; elucidation of the cellular radiation chemistry characteristic of high vs. low LET radiation qualities; and the introduction of novel techniques designed to give a better understanding of the fundamental properties of induction of lesions and their repair potentials in high LET radiation

329

Diagnostic radiology for head and neck neoplasms with emphasis on computerized tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The radiologic evaluation of head and neck neoplasms constitutes an important part in their diagnosis and treatment. The introduction of computerized tomography (CT) and the further development of this modality since 1972 have contributed significantly to the staging of these neoplasms. CT not only demonstrate soft-tissue densities, but also bony structures, muscles, fascial planes, opacified vascular structures, and enlarged lymph nodes. CT, however, fails to differentiate the various histologic types of lesions in the majority of cases. Features such as size of the lesion, marginal definition, lytic bone destruction, sclerotic bony reaction, bony expansion, calcific densities, fat content, and obliteration of fascial planes are utilized to delimit the spectrum of diagnostic possibilities. Conventional films including tomography are also indicated as preliminary examinations in the investigation of head and neck neoplasms. They provide a survey of the abnormality in question and form the basis for special studies such as CT and angiography. They are often the first examination to demonstrate a lesion that may be suspected from the history and clinical examination

330

Diagnostic radiology for head and neck neoplasms with emphasis on computerized tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The radiologic evaluation of head and neck neoplasms constitutes an important part in their diagnosis and treatment. The introduction of computerized tomography (CT) and the further development of this modality since 1972 have contributed significantly to the staging of these neoplasms. CT not only demonstrates soft tissue densities, but also bony structures, muscles, fascial planes, opacified vascular structures, and enlarged lymph nodes. CT, however, fails to differentiate the various histologic types of lesions in the majority of cases. Features such as size of the lesion, marginal definition, lytic bone destruction, sclerotic bony reaction, bony expansion, calcific densities, fat content, and obliteration of fascial planes are utilized to delimit the spectrum of diagnostic possibilities. Conventional films including tomography are also indicated as preliminary examinations in the investigation of head and neck neoplasms. They provide a survey of the abnormality in question and form the basis for special studies such as CT and angiography. They are often the first examination to demonstrate a lesion that may be suspected from the history and clinical examination. 13 refs.; 11 figs

331

A Comparison of the Use of Bony Anatomy and Internal Markers for Offline Verification and an Evaluation of the Potential Benefit of Online and Offline Verification Protocols for Prostate Radiotherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To evaluate the utility of intraprostatic markers in the treatment verification of prostate cancer radiotherapy. Specific aims were: to compare the effectiveness of offline correction protocols, either using gold markers or bony anatomy; to estimate the potential benefit of online correction protocol's using gold markers; to determine the presence and effect of intrafraction motion. Methods and Materials: Thirty patients with three gold markers inserted had pretreatment and posttreatment images acquired and were treated using an offline correction protocol and gold markers. Retrospectively, an offline protocol was applied using bony anatomy and an online protocol using gold markers. Results: The systematic errors were reduced from 1.3, 1.9, and 2.5 mm to 1.1, 1.1, and 1.5 mm in the right-left (RL), superoinferior (SI), and anteroposterior (AP) directions, respectively, using the offline correction protocol and gold markers instead of bony anatomy. The subsequent decrease in margins was 1.7, 3.3, and 4 mm in the RL, SI, and AP directions, respectively. An offline correction protocol combined with an online correction protocol in the first four fractions reduced random errors further to 0.9, 1.1, and 1.0 mm in the RL, SI, and AP directions, respectively. A daily online protocol reduced all errors to <1 mm. Intrafraction motion had greater impact on the effectiveness of the online protocol than the offline protocols. Conclusions: An offline protocol using gold mclusions: An offline protocol using gold markers is effective in reducing the systematic error. The value of online protocols is reduced by intrafraction motion

332

Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation: Nora's lesion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to review the imaging and anatomopathologic findings and to discuss the main differential diagnosis of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation or Nora's lesion, a rare benign surface lesion of the bone. Histologically confirmed plain radiographs, ultrasound, CT and MRI images of four patients with bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation were obtained and retrospectively reviewed. Three cases involving the hand and one involving the foot are reported. On plain radiographs, bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation is a well-marginated, calcified or ossified mass arising directly from the cortical surface of the underlying bone. Ultrasound images show a low echoic peripheral cap around the lesion. CT images show the wide base of the lesion. On Magnetic resonance imaging, bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation was of a low signal on T1, enhancing following gadolinium administration. Underlying bone and adjacent surrounding soft tissues were normal.

333

CT signs of hepatic focal lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Computed tomography (CT) semiotics has been analysed for 288 patients with focal lesions of the liver. Most frequently occurring symptoms served the basis for establishing characteristic CT symptom complexes typical of various diseases

334

Approximate Lesion Localization in Dermoscopy Images  

CERN Document Server

Background: Dermoscopy is one of the major imaging modalities used in the diagnosis of melanoma and other pigmented skin lesions. Due to the difficulty and subjectivity of human interpretation, automated analysis of dermoscopy images has become an important research area. Border detection is often the first step in this analysis. Methods: In this article, we present an approximate lesion localization method that serves as a preprocessing step for detecting borders in dermoscopy images. In this method, first the black frame around the image is removed using an iterative algorithm. The approximate location of the lesion is then determined using an ensemble of thresholding algorithms. Results: The method is tested on a set of 428 dermoscopy images. The localization error is quantified by a metric that uses dermatologist determined borders as the ground truth. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that the method presented here achieves both fast and accurate localization of lesions in dermoscopy images.

Celebi, M Emre; Schaefer, Gerald; Stoecker, William V; 10.1111/j.1600-0846.2009.00357.x

2010-01-01

335

Imaging of the cavernous sinus lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

This educational paper reviews the normal anatomy of the cavernous sinus (CS) and the imaging findings of common and uncommon lesions of this region. CS lesions may arise from different components of the CS or from adjacent structures and spaces. They can be classified as tumoral, inflammatory/infectious, vascular and congenital. Tumoral lesions include benign (meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, schwannomas) and malignant neoplasms (chondrosarcomas, chordomas, nasopharyngeal carcinomas, leukemia, metastases). Inflammatory/infectious conditions comprise: Tolosa Hunt, abscess, Lemierre syndrome and thrombophlebitis. Vascular lesions include: hemangiomas, carotido-cavernous fistula, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations. Congenital conditions include the epidermoid cyst, dermoid cyst and fatty deposits. Although imaging features of non-vascular CS diseases are most often non-specific, careful analysis of the adjacent structures suggests the correct diagnosis. In vascular pathology, characteristic MR imaging findings are observed. PMID:23763988

Korchi, A M; Cuvinciuc, V; Caetano, J; Becker, M; Lovblad, K O; Vargas, M I

2014-09-01

336

Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation: Nora's Lesion  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to review the imaging and anatomopathologic findings and to discuss the main differential diagnosis of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation(BPOP or Nora's lesion, a rare benign surface lesion of the bone. Histologically confirmed plain radiographs, ultrasound, CT and MRI images of four patients with BPOP were obtained and retrospectively reviewed. Three cases involving the hand and one involving the foot are reported.On plain radiographs, BPOP is a well-marginated, calcified or ossified mass arising directly from the cortical surface of the underlying bone. Ultrasound images show a low echoic peripheral cap around the lesion. CT images show the wide base of the lesion. On MRI, BPOP was of a low signal on T1, enhancing following gadolinium administration. Underlying bone and adjacent surrounding soft tissues were normal.

S. Chaabane

2011-06-01

337

Lesiones proliferativas más frecuentes del complejo bucomaxilofacial / Most frequent proliferative lesions of the Buco Maxillofacial Complex  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: las lesiones proliferativas son entidades que se presentan en la cavidad bucal. Algunas son de origen traumático y otras son neoplasias. Con frecuencia no son bien diagnosticadas en la clínica, por la similitud que pueden presentarse entre ellas. Objetivo: determinar las característica [...] s de las lesiones proliferativas diagnosticadas y la coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las biopsias procesadas en cinco años en el Departamento de Patología de la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana atendiendo a edad y sexo del paciente, tipo de lesión, localización anatómica y coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Resultados: se encontró que de las lesiones proliferativas, las pseudotumorales aportaron el 18,1 % y las neoplasias benignas el 5,8 %. En el grupo de edad de 10 a 19 años las lesiones pseudotumorales representaron el 7,78 % y las neoplasias benignas el 1,78 %. En el grupo de 60 años o más, las lesiones pseudotumorales aportaron el 22,67 % del total de lesiones proliferativas. El sexo femenino resultó afectado por lesiones pseudotumorales en 61,3 % y las neoplasias benignas afectaron al sexo masculino en un 55 %. La hiperplasia fibroepitelial representó el 54,22 % de las pseudotumorales, mientras que el nevus aportó el 8,67 % entre las neoplasias benignas. Los diagnósticos clínicos de las lesiones pseudotumorales coincidieron en un 50,4 % con los histológicos, para las neoplasias benignas la coincidencia fue del 53,2 %. Conclusiones: las lesiones pseudotumorales predominaron sobre las neoplasias benignas, con un incremento marcado de ambos tipos de lesiones a partir de los 40 años. En el sexo femenino predominaron las lesiones pseudotumorales, y en el masculino predominaron las neoplasias benignas. Se encontró una baja coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico para ambos tipos de lesiones. Abstract in english Introduction: proliferative lesions are entities that are present in the buccal cavity. Some of them are of traumatic origin and others are neoplasias. Frequently, they are not well diagnosed in the clinical practice because of the similarity that can exist among them. Objective: to determine the ch [...] aracteristics of the proliferative lesions diagnosed and the coincidences between clinical and histopathological diagnosis Method: a retrospective study of the biopsies processed during five years in the Department of Oral Pathology of the Faculty of Stomatology of Havana was conducted dealing with age, sex, type of lesion, anatomic location and similarities between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis. Results: it was found that, of the proliferative lesions, the pseudotumoral ones reported the 18.1 % and the benign neoplasias, the 5.8 %. In the age group 10-19 years, pseudotumoral lesions represented the 7.78 % and the benign neoplasias the 1,78 %. In the group of 60 years or older, pseudotumoral lesions reported the 22.67 % of the total of proliferative lesions. The female sex resulted to be affected by pseudotumoral lesions in a 61,3 % and the benign neoplasias effected the male sex in a 55 %. Fibroepithelial hyperplasia represented the 54.22 % of the pseudotumoral ones, whereas the nevus reported the 8.67 % among the benign neoplasias. The clinical diagnosis of the pseudotumoral lesions matched up a 50.4 % with the histological; for benign neoplasias, the coincidence was 53.2 %. Conclusions: pseudotumoural lesions predominated on benign neoplasias, with a marked increase in both types of lesions after 40 years. Pseudotumoural lesions predominated in the female sex, whereas the benign neoplasias predominated in the male sex. There was a low coincidence between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis for both types of lesions.

Katia, Barceló López; Rafael, Delgado Fernández; Agustín, Rodríguez Soto.

2013-06-01

338

Lesiones proliferativas más frecuentes del complejo bucomaxilofacial / Most frequent proliferative lesions of the Buco Maxillofacial Complex  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: las lesiones proliferativas son entidades que se presentan en la cavidad bucal. Algunas son de origen traumático y otras son neoplasias. Con frecuencia no son bien diagnosticadas en la clínica, por la similitud que pueden presentarse entre ellas. Objetivo: determinar las característica [...] s de las lesiones proliferativas diagnosticadas y la coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las biopsias procesadas en cinco años en el Departamento de Patología de la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana atendiendo a edad y sexo del paciente, tipo de lesión, localización anatómica y coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Resultados: se encontró que de las lesiones proliferativas, las pseudotumorales aportaron el 18,1 % y las neoplasias benignas el 5,8 %. En el grupo de edad de 10 a 19 años las lesiones pseudotumorales representaron el 7,78 % y las neoplasias benignas el 1,78 %. En el grupo de 60 años o más, las lesiones pseudotumorales aportaron el 22,67 % del total de lesiones proliferativas. El sexo femenino resultó afectado por lesiones pseudotumorales en 61,3 % y las neoplasias benignas afectaron al sexo masculino en un 55 %. La hiperplasia fibroepitelial representó el 54,22 % de las pseudotumorales, mientras que el nevus aportó el 8,67 % entre las neoplasias benignas. Los diagnósticos clínicos de las lesiones pseudotumorales coincidieron en un 50,4 % con los histológicos, para las neoplasias benignas la coincidencia fue del 53,2 %. Conclusiones: las lesiones pseudotumorales predominaron sobre las neoplasias benignas, con un incremento marcado de ambos tipos de lesiones a partir de los 40 años. En el sexo femenino predominaron las lesiones pseudotumorales, y en el masculino predominaron las neoplasias benignas. Se encontró una baja coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico para ambos tipos de lesiones. Abstract in english Introduction: proliferative lesions are entities that are present in the buccal cavity. Some of them are of traumatic origin and others are neoplasias. Frequently, they are not well diagnosed in the clinical practice because of the similarity that can exist among them. Objective: to determine the ch [...] aracteristics of the proliferative lesions diagnosed and the coincidences between clinical and histopathological diagnosis Method: a retrospective study of the biopsies processed during five years in the Department of Oral Pathology of the Faculty of Stomatology of Havana was conducted dealing with age, sex, type of lesion, anatomic location and similarities between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis. Results: it was found that, of the proliferative lesions, the pseudotumoral ones reported the 18.1 % and the benign neoplasias, the 5.8 %. In the age group 10-19 years, pseudotumoral lesions represented the 7.78 % and the benign neoplasias the 1,78 %. In the group of 60 years or older, pseudotumoral lesions reported the 22.67 % of the total of proliferative lesions. The female sex resulted to be affected by pseudotumoral lesions in a 61,3 % and the benign neoplasias effected the male sex in a 55 %. Fibroepithelial hyperplasia represented the 54.22 % of the pseudotumoral ones, whereas the nevus reported the 8.67 % among the benign neoplasias. The clinical diagnosis of the pseudotumoral lesions matched up a 50.4 % with the histological; for benign neoplasias, the coincidence was 53.2 %. Conclusions: pseudotumoural lesions predominated on benign neoplasias, with a marked increase in both types of lesions after 40 years. Pseudotumoural lesions predominated in the female sex, whereas the benign neoplasias predominated in the male sex. There was a low coincidence between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis for both types of lesions.

Katia, Barceló López; Rafael, Delgado Fernández; Agustín, Rodríguez Soto.

339

21 CFR 882.4725 - Radiofrequency lesion probe.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Radiofrequency lesion probe. 882.4725 Section 882.4725 Food...Devices § 882.4725 Radiofrequency lesion probe. (a) Identification. A radiofrequency lesion probe is a device connected to a...

2010-04-01

340

21 CFR 882.5500 - Lesion temperature monitor.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Lesion temperature monitor. 882.5500 Section 882.5500 Food...Devices § 882.5500 Lesion temperature monitor. (a) Identification. A lesion temperature monitor is a device used to monitor the...

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
341

Acute hepatic encephalopathy with diffuse cortical lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Acute hepatic encephalopathy is a poorly defined syndrome of heterogeneous aetiology. We report a 49-year-old woman with alcoholic cirrhosis and hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia who developed acute hepatic coma induced by severe gastrointestinal bleeding. Laboratory analysis revealed excessively elevated blood ammonia. MRI showed lesions compatible with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and widespread cortical signal change sparing the perirolandic and occipital cortex. The cortical lesions resembled those of hypoxic brain damage and were interpreted as acute toxic cortical laminar necrosis. (orig.)

Arnold, S.M.; Spreer, J.; Schumacher, M. [Section of Neuroradiology, Univ. of Freiburg (Germany); Els, T. [Dept. of Neurology, University of Freiburg (Germany)

2001-07-01

342

Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws usually present a diagnostic dilemma for the clinician as well as the pathologist. This group includes fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma, focal cemento-osseous dysplasia, periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia, and florid cemento-osseous dysplasia. As in other sites, appropriate clinicopathologic correlations are needed to reach a definitive diagnosis. The clinical and pathologic features of fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws are considered, including adequate therapeutic strategies.

Mini? Arsa J.

2003-01-01

343

Acute hepatic encephalopathy with diffuse cortical lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Acute hepatic encephalopathy is a poorly defined syndrome of heterogeneous aetiology. We report a 49-year-old woman with alcoholic cirrhosis and hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia who developed acute hepatic coma induced by severe gastrointestinal bleeding. Laboratory analysis revealed excessively elevated blood ammonia. MRI showed lesions compatible with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and widespread cortical signal change sparing the perirolandic and occipital cortex. The cortical lesions resembled those of hypoxic brain damage and were interpreted as acute toxic cortical laminar necrosis. (orig.)

344

Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation: Nora's Lesion  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to review the imaging and anatomopathologic findings and to discuss the main differential diagnosis of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) or Nora's lesion, a rare benign surface lesion of the bone. Histologically confirmed plain radiographs, ultrasound, CT and MRI images of four patients with BPOP were obtained and retrospectively reviewed. Three cases involving the hand and one involving the foot are reported. On plain radiographs, BPOP is...

Chaabane, S.; Chelli Bouaziz, M.; Kh, Ben Ghars; Abid, L.; Jaafoura, M. H.; Ladeb, M. F.

2011-01-01

345

Focal lesions in the central nervous system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report reviews the animal and human studies currently in progress at LBL with heavy-ion beams to induce focal lesions in the central nervous system, and discusses the potential future prospects of fundamental and applied brain research with heavy-ion beams. Methods are being developed for producing discrete focal lesions in the central nervous system using the Bragg ionization peak to investigate nerve pathways and neuroendocrine responses, and for treating pathological disorders of the brain

346

Bone marrow lesions: A systematic diagnostic approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bone marrow lesions on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are common and may be seen with various pathologies. The authors outline a systematic diagnostic approach with proposed categorization of various etiologies of bone marrow lesions. Utilization of typical imaging features on conventional MR imaging techniques and other problem-solving techniques, such as chemical shift imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), to achieve accurate final diagnosis has been highlighted. PMID:25114392

Del Grande, Filippo; Farahani, Sahar J; Carrino, John A; Chhabra, Avneesh

2014-07-01

347

Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws usually present a diagnostic dilemma for the clinician as well as the pathologist. This group includes fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma, focal cemento-osseous dysplasia, periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia, and florid cemento-osseous dysplasia. As in other sites, appropriate clinicopathologic correlations are needed to reach a definitive diagnosis. The clinical and pathologic features of fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws are considered, including adequat...

Mini? Arsa J.

2003-01-01

348

Precursor lesions of early onset pancreatic cancer  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Early onset pancreatic cancer (EOPC) constitutes less than 5% of all newly diagnosed cases of pancreatic cancer (PC). Although histopathological characteristics of EOPC have been described, no detailed reports on precursor lesions of EOPC are available. In the present study, we aimed to describe histopathological picture of extratumoral parenchyma in 23 cases of EOPCs (definition based on the threshold value of 45 years of age) with particular emphasis on two types of precursor lesions of PC...

Liszka, ?ukasz; Paja?k, Jacek; Mrowiec, S?awomir; Zielin?ska-paja?k, Ewa; Go?ka, Dariusz; Lampe, Pawe?

2011-01-01

349

A LESION MIMICKING MELANOMA OF CHOROID  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Radiological evaluations were performed as fundus examination was unavailable due to intravitreal hemorrhage in a case who came to our clinic with the complaint of an acute vision loss. Ultrasonography, doppler ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging reported that the retinal lesion was compatible with malignant melanoma. The patient underwent diagnostic vitrectomy due to rarity of vitreous hemorrhage with choroidal melanomas. Retinal examination revealed disciform lesion during vitrec...

Özlem Yenice; Haluk Kazoko?lu

2007-01-01

350

A LESION MIMICKING MELANOMA OF CHOROID  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Radiological evaluations were performed as fundus examination was unavailable due to intravitreal hemorrhage in a case who came to our clinic with the complaint of an acute vision loss. Ultrasonography, doppler ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging reported that the retinal lesion was compatible with malignant melanoma. The patient underwent diagnostic vitrectomy due to rarity of vitreous hemorrhage with choroidal melanomas. Retinal examination revealed disciform lesion during vitrectomy.

Özlem Yenice

2007-01-01

351

Hypoechoic lesions without halo in echogenic liver  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sonographic evaluation for the presence of hypoechoic hepatic lesions without halo was carried out in 365 consecutive patients with echogenic livers. In 115 patients (31%) such lesions could be demonstrated. Computed tomography of the liver was performed in 52 of these patients, a long term sonographic follow-up in 76, and a biopsy in 3 cases. In 103 patients the hypoechoic lesions were due to sonographic pseudolesions (PL's), probably representing normal liver tissue in otherwise diffusely fatty infiltrated livers. The PL's showed characteristic sonographic appearances such as a missing mass effect, a 'landscape'-like configuration with angulated margins and slender extensions of hypoechoic tissue. The PL's were located below the capsule, near the gallbladder (41%), and ventral to the portal vein (37%). In 75 per cent they occurred in a liver with considerably increased echogenicity. In 12 patients hypoechoic lesions were caused by circumscribed malignant or infectious involvement of the liver. They could be discriminated from PL's by their mass-like appearance in 8 subjects. In 4 of these 12 cases the foci were of PL-typical appearance, but not of PL-typical location. In the light of these results and of recently published reports a rational diagnostic approach to hypoechoic lesions without halo in echogenic livers varies, depending on such factors as known primary malignancy or site of the lesion. (orig.)

352

Computerized lesion detection on breast ultrasound  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We investigated the use of a radial gradient index (RGI) filtering technique to automatically detect lesions on breast ultrasound. After initial RGI filtering, a sensitivity of 87% at 0.76 false-positive detections per image was obtained on a database of 400 patients (757 images). Next, lesion candidates were segmented from the background by maximizing an average radial gradient (ARD) index for regions grown from the detected points. At an overlap of 0.4 with a radiologist lesion outline, 75% of the lesions were correctly detected. Subsequently, round robin analysis was used to assess the quality of the classification of lesion candidates into actual lesions and false-positives by a Bayesian neural network. The round robin analysis yielded an Az value of 0.84, and an overall performance by case of 94% sensitivity at 0.48 false-positives per image. Use of computerized analysis of breast sonograms may ultimately facilitate the use of sonography in breast cancer screening programs

353

Resin infiltration of natural caries lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Infiltration of non-cavitated caries lesions with light-curing resins could lead to an arrest of lesion progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the penetration of a conventional adhesive into natural enamel caries after pre-treatment with two different etching gels in vitro. Extracted human molars and premolars showing proximal white-spot lesions were cut across the lesions perpendicular to the surface. Corresponding lesion halves were etched for 120 sec with either 37% phosphoric acid gel (H(3)PO(4)) or 15% hydrochloric acid gel (HCl), and subsequently infiltrated with an adhesive. Specimens were observed by confocal microscopy. Mean penetration depths (SD) in the HCl group [58 (37) microm] were significantly increased compared with those of the H(3)PO(4) group [18 (11) microm] (p < 0.001; Wilcoxon). It can be concluded that etching with 15% hydrochloric acid gel is more suitable than 37% phosphoric acid gel as a pre-treatment for caries lesions intended to be infiltrated. PMID:17586715

Paris, S; Meyer-Lueckel, H; Kielbassa, A M

2007-07-01

354

Traumatic mediastinal lesions: computed tomography findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Traumatic mediastinal lesions are unusual findings in patients with thoracic trauma but may represent poor prognosis and be associated with severe lesions. Mediastinal trauma is increasingly being diagnosed by computed tomography due to the fast acquisition times of helical techniques, allowing the evaluating of critically ill patients and the adoption of efficient therapeutic measures. The authors studied 11 patients with mediastinal lesions who were submitted to computed tomography due to thoracic trauma. The most frequent finding was mediastinal bleeding characterized by infiltration of mediastinal fat, dense material within the mediastinal spaces or hematoma. Hemo pericardium was the second most common lesion in this series, appearing as dense or liquid material in the pericardium. Aortic lesions such as wall irregularities or pseudoaneurisms were less commonly seen (three patients). In this study blunt thoracic traumas were observed in six cases whereas penetrating trauma occurred in five cases. The causes of blunt trauma were pedestrians struck by car, motor vehicle accidents and falls. Penetrating trauma was due to lesions produced by bullets or knifes. (author)

355

Texture feature based liver lesion classification  

Science.gov (United States)

Liver lesion classification is a difficult clinical task. Computerized analysis can support clinical workflow by enabling more objective and reproducible evaluation. In this paper, we evaluate the contribution of several types of texture features for a computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) system which automatically classifies liver lesions from CT images. Based on the assumption that liver lesions of various classes differ in their texture characteristics, a variety of texture features were examined as lesion descriptors. Although texture features are often used for this task, there is currently a lack of detailed research focusing on the comparison across different texture features, or their combinations, on a given dataset. In this work we investigated the performance of Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM), Local Binary Patterns (LBP), Gabor, gray level intensity values and Gabor-based LBP (GLBP), where the features are obtained from a given lesion`s region of interest (ROI). For the classification module, SVM and KNN classifiers were examined. Using a single type of texture feature, best result of 91% accuracy, was obtained with Gabor filtering and SVM classification. Combination of Gabor, LBP and Intensity features improved the results to a final accuracy of 97%.

Doron, Yeela; Mayer-Wolf, Nitzan; Diamant, Idit; Greenspan, Hayit

2014-03-01

356

Morphometry and Variations of Bony Ponticles of the Atlas Vertebrae (C1) in Kenyans / Morfometría y Variaciones de Puentes Óseos de la Vértebra Atlas (C1) en Kenianos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish Puentes del atlas, sobrecrecimientos óseos en el tercer segmento de la arteria vertebral se asocian con la compresión de la arteria y los nervios. Hay pocos estudios que comparan la morfometría de los puentes completos del atlas y el foramen transversal ipsilateral. Diferencias bilaterales y de géne [...] ro en la morfometría de los puentes completos permanecen relativamente inexplorados. Ciento dos vértebras atlas (49 hombres y 53 mujeres) obtenidos del Departamento de Osteología de los Museos Nacionales de Kenya se utilizaron para este estudio. Fueron identificados la presencia de puentes completos posteriores del atlas (canal retroarticular) y puentes laterales (foramen supratransverso). Se realizaron las mediciones de los diámetros del foramen y los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales, y se calcularon sus áreas. Puentes completos posteriores se observaron en el 14,6% y 13,6% de los lados derecho e izquierdo, respectivamente. El puente lateral se encontró en el 3,9% de los casos en el lado derecho solamente. Los puentes completos posteriores tuvieron un área transversal de 23,44mm2 en el lado derecho y 24,98mm2 en el lado izquierdo. Los puentes laterales tuvieron un área media de sección transversal de 27,30mm2. En los lados derecho e izquierdo se encontrron forámenes transversos con un área promedio de sección transversal de 36,30mm2 y 37,20mm2 respectivamente, lo que fue significativamente mayor que el de los puentes completos ipsilaterales y posteriores. Las dimensiones más pequeñas de los puentes atlas completos en comparación con los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales sugieren que pueden predisponer a la insuficiencia vertebrobasilar, síndromes de Barre-Lieou y cervical debido a la compresión de los contenidos en los forámenes. Abstract in english Atlas bridges, the bony outgrowths over the third segment of the vertebral artery are associated with compression of the artery and nerves. There are limited studies comparing morphometry of the complete atlas bridges and that of the ipsilateral transverse foramen. Bilateral and gender differences i [...] n the morphometry of the complete bridges remain relatively unexplored. One hundred and two atlas vertebrae (49 male and 53 female) obtained from the Osteology Department of the National Museums of Kenya were used for this study. The presence of complete posterior atlas bridge (retroarticular canal) and lateral bridge (supratransverse foramen) was noted. Measurements were taken for the diameters of foramina, and the ipsilateral transverse foramina and their areas calculated. Complete posterior bridges occurred in 14.6% and 13.6% on the right and left sides respectively. The lateral bridge was found in 3.9% of the cases on the right side only. The complete posterior bridges had a cross-sectional area of 23.44mm2 on the right and 24.98mm2 on the left side. The lateral bridges had a mean cross-sectional area of 27.30mm2. The right and left transverse foramina had mean crosssectional area of 36.30mm2 and 37.20mm2 respectively, which was significantly larger than that of the ipsilateral complete and posterior bridges. The smaller dimensions of the complete atlas bridges compared to the ipsilateral transverse foramen suggest that they may predispose to vertebrobasilar insufficiency, Barre-Lieou and cervicogenic syndromes due to compression of the contents in the foramina.

P, Karau Bundi; J. A, Ogeng´o; J, Hassanali; P. O, Odula.

357

Morphometry and Variations of Bony Ponticles of the Atlas Vertebrae (C1 in Kenyans Morfometría y Variaciones de Puentes Óseos de la Vértebra Atlas (C1 en Kenianos  

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Full Text Available Atlas bridges, the bony outgrowths over the third segment of the vertebral artery are associated with compression of the artery and nerves. There are limited studies comparing morphometry of the complete atlas bridges and that of the ipsilateral transverse foramen. Bilateral and gender differences in the morphometry of the complete bridges remain relatively unexplored. One hundred and two atlas vertebrae (49 male and 53 female obtained from the Osteology Department of the National Museums of Kenya were used for this study. The presence of complete posterior atlas bridge (retroarticular canal and lateral bridge (supratransverse foramen was noted. Measurements were taken for the diameters of foramina, and the ipsilateral transverse foramina and their areas calculated. Complete posterior bridges occurred in 14.6% and 13.6% on the right and left sides respectively. The lateral bridge was found in 3.9% of the cases on the right side only. The complete posterior bridges had a cross-sectional area of 23.44mm2 on the right and 24.98mm2 on the left side. The lateral bridges had a mean cross-sectional area of 27.30mm2. The right and left transverse foramina had mean crosssectional area of 36.30mm2 and 37.20mm2 respectively, which was significantly larger than that of the ipsilateral complete and posterior bridges. The smaller dimensions of the complete atlas bridges compared to the ipsilateral transverse foramen suggest that they may predispose to vertebrobasilar insufficiency, Barre-Lieou and cervicogenic syndromes due to compression of the contents in the foramina.Puentes del atlas, sobrecrecimientos óseos en el tercer segmento de la arteria vertebral se asocian con la compresión de la arteria y los nervios. Hay pocos estudios que comparan la morfometría de los puentes completos del atlas y el foramen transversal ipsilateral. Diferencias bilaterales y de género en la morfometría de los puentes completos permanecen relativamente inexplorados. Ciento dos vértebras atlas (49 hombres y 53 mujeres obtenidos del Departamento de Osteología de los Museos Nacionales de Kenya se utilizaron para este estudio. Fueron identificados la presencia de puentes completos posteriores del atlas (canal retroarticular y puentes laterales (foramen supratransverso. Se realizaron las mediciones de los diámetros del foramen y los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales, y se calcularon sus áreas. Puentes completos posteriores se observaron en el 14,6% y 13,6% de los lados derecho e izquierdo, respectivamente. El puente lateral se encontró en el 3,9% de los casos en el lado derecho solamente. Los puentes completos posteriores tuvieron un área transversal de 23,44mm2 en el lado derecho y 24,98mm2 en el lado izquierdo. Los puentes laterales tuvieron un área media de sección transversal de 27,30mm2. En los lados derecho e izquierdo se encontrron forámenes transversos con un área promedio de sección transversal de 36,30mm2 y 37,20mm2 respectivamente, lo que fue significativamente mayor que el de los puentes completos ipsilaterales y posteriores. Las dimensiones más pequeñas de los puentes atlas completos en comparación con los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales sugieren que pueden predisponer a la insuficiencia vertebrobasilar, síndromes de Barre-Lieou y cervical debido a la compresión de los contenidos en los forámenes.

P Karau Bundi

2010-12-01

358

Tobacco-associated lesions of the oral cavity: Part I. Nonmalignant lesions.  

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The excessive use of tobacco products has been associated with various lesions in the oral cavity. Tobacco-associated lesions include tooth stains, abrasions, smoker's melanosis, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and other periodontal conditions, burns and keratotic patches, black hairy tongue, nicotinic stomatitis, palatal erosions, leukoplakia, epithelial dysplasia and squamous-cell carcinoma. A routine intraoral examination by a dental health professional can reveal most of these lesions at an early stage, and early intervention may prevent serious sequelae. Thus, detection of tobacco-associated lesions in conjunction with tobacco-use counselling by dental professionals has become the standard of care. The significance and treatment of nonmalignant tobacco-associated lesions are addressed in the first part of this two-part series. Malignant lesions, basic biopsy principles and prevention and intervention strategies are discussed in the subsequent part. PMID:10833868

Mirbod, S M; Ahing, S I

2000-05-01

359

Congenital granular cell lesion: clinical, microscopic and immunohistochemical aspects in a case of multiple lesions.  

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Congenital granular cell lesion of the newborn, also known as congenital epulis, is a rare benign oral cavity tumor presenting at birth. Usually, it appears as a solitary mass arising in the mouth and originates from the anterior alveolar ridge. The objective of the present article is to report a case of congenital granular cell lesion in an 8-day-old female newborn. The patient presented four intraoral pedunculated lesions. Diagnosis, treatment, microscopic and immunohistochemical characteristics are also discussed. PMID:22900447

Damante, José Humberto; de Souza, Tolentino Elen; Mazzottini, Reinaldo; Monteiro-Amado, Flávio; Fleury, Raul Negrão; Soares, Cleverson Teixeira

2011-01-01

360

Human brain lesion-deficit inference remapped.  

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Our knowledge of the anatomical organization of the human brain in health and disease draws heavily on the study of patients with focal brain lesions. Historically the first method of mapping brain function, it is still potentially the most powerful, establishing the necessity of any putative neural substrate for a given function or deficit. Great inferential power, however, carries a crucial vulnerability: without stronger alternatives any consistent error cannot be easily detected. A hitherto unexamined source of such error is the structure of the high-dimensional distribution of patterns of focal damage, especially in ischaemic injury-the commonest aetiology in lesion-deficit studies-where the anatomy is naturally shaped by the architecture of the vascular tree. This distribution is so complex that analysis of lesion data sets of conventional size cannot illuminate its structure, leaving us in the dark about the presence or absence of such error. To examine this crucial question we assembled the largest known set of focal brain lesions (n = 581), derived from unselected patients with acute ischaemic injury (mean age = 62.3 years, standard deviation = 17.8, male:female ratio = 0.547), visualized with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, and processed with validated automated lesion segmentation routines. High-dimensional analysis of this data revealed a hidden bias within the multivariate patterns of damage that will consistently distort lesion-deficit maps, displacing inferred critical regions from their true locations, in a manner opaque to replication. Quantifying the size of this mislocalization demonstrates that past lesion-deficit relationships estimated with conventional inferential methodology are likely to be significantly displaced, by a magnitude dependent on the unknown underlying lesion-deficit relationship itself. Past studies therefore cannot be retrospectively corrected, except by new knowledge that would render them redundant. Positively, we show that novel machine learning techniques employing high-dimensional inference can nonetheless accurately converge on the true locus. We conclude that current inferences about human brain function and deficits based on lesion mapping must be re-evaluated with methodology that adequately captures the high-dimensional structure of lesion data. PMID:24974384

Mah, Yee-Haur; Husain, Masud; Rees, Geraint; Nachev, Parashkev

2014-09-01

 
 
 
 
361

Nerve lesions in proximal humeral fractures.  

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In the literature nerve injury is not frequently considered a problem in proximal humeral fractures. Only a few studies exist concerning traction injury of nerves in fractures of the proximal humerus after low-velocity trauma. Almost all of them are retrospective and did not use electromyography. Patients with identical fractures can show quite different outcomes, which vary between complete recovery and severely limited shoulder function. On the assumption that nerve lesions can play a role in the recovery of conservatively and operatively treated proximal humeral fractures, we started a prospective follow-up study with electromyographic investigation. For this study, 143 consecutive proximal humeral fractures due to low-velocity trauma were included. According to the Neer classification, 93 were nondisplaced and 50 were displaced fractures. Denervation on the electromyogram was found in 96 patients (67%). The nerves most frequently involved were the axillary nerve (83 [58%]) and the suprascapular nerve (69 [48%]). Frequently a combination of nerve lesions was seen. Nerve lesions were much more frequent in displaced fractures (82% [41/50]) than in nondisplaced fractures (59% [55/93]). Complicating nerve lesions in patients older than 20 years of age were seen in about the same percentage of patients per decade. Nerve injury and the corresponding loss of muscle strength recovered well in all patients; however, the duration of the recovery was prolonged in cases with nerve lesions. Restoration of the function of the shoulder was less favorable. It is important to realize that, in both conservative and operative treatment of proximal humeral fractures, a paresis due to nerve injury can affect the restoration of shoulder motions. An electromyogram can be useful in the investigation of nerve lesions, because detection only by clinical examination proved to be very difficult. Because of the favorable electrophysiological recovery, no indication for exploration of nerve lesions was present in this series of fractures due to low-velocity trauma. PMID:11641698

Visser, C P; Coene, L N; Brand, R; Tavy, D L

2001-01-01

362

Benign breast lesions in Eastern Nigeria  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective was to characterize benign breast diseases in Eastern Nigeria and to highlight the age variations of these lesions as base line data. The Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu caters for over 30 million African blacks and receives 2000 surgical pathology specimens yearly. Seven hundred and twenty-two benign breast specimens were analyzed over 5 years from Ist January 2000 to 31 December 2004, out of 1050 breast samples received. Of 1050 breast specimens received, 722 (68.8%) were benign. Fibroadenoma was the most common lesion with 318 cases (44%), occurring at a mean age of 16-32 years. Next were fibrocystic changes with 165 cases (22.9%) at a mean age of 23-45 years. Normal breast in the axillary tail region was seen in 32 cases (4.4%), represented as no pathology, with a mean presentation age of 20-46 years. Low grade Phyllodes tumor had 28 cases (3.9%), presenting at an average mean age of 17-32 years. Lactating adenoma had 19 (2.6%) cases. Other lesions made up less than 3% each. Benign breast lesions peaked at the 20-24 age range and then declined. Most were females. Benign breast lesions occur more frequently than malignant breast lesions with a ratio of 2.3:1 and were presented 20 years earlier than their malignant counterparts. Fibroadenoma was the most common benign lesions followed by fibrocystic disease, similar to the findings in Western Nigeria. In Northern Nigeria, fibrocystic breast disease was more comm, fibrocystic breast disease was more common. (author)

363

Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma combined with hydroxyapatite bone graft substitutes in the treatment of intra-bony defects in maxillofacial region.  

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Abstract Objective. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) clinically and radiographically when combined with bovine derived hydroxyapatite (HA) bone grafting materials and resorbable collagen membranes for the treatment of intra-bony defects frequently seen at the distal aspect of mandibular second molars following the surgical extraction of fully impacted mandibular wisdom teeth. Study design. Eighteen patients were scheduled for post-operative visits at 1, 3 and 6 months post-operatively, probing depths were measured and digital panoramic radiographs were taken. Results. There were no significant differences on probing depths among two groups. Radiographic assessment also showed no significant difference among groups at 1st and 6th month intervals, while 3 months post-operatively the amount of radiographic density at the PRP side was significantly higher. Conclusion. Combined use of PRP and bovine-derived HA graft materials for the treatment of intra-bony defects might be an appropriate approach when the main goal is providing earlier bone regeneration. PMID:25005628

Durmu?lar, Mustafa Cenk; Alpaslan, Cansu; Alpaslan, Gökhan; Cak?r, Melih

2014-11-01

364

Bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal joints in early rheumatoid arthritis. Comparison of MRI and high-resolution SPECT; Knoecherne Pathologien der Metacarpophalangeal-Gelenke bei frueher rheumatoider Arthritis. Vergleich zwischen MRT und hochaufloesender SPECT  

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Aim: comparison of MRI with a newly developed high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) regarding the detection of bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA). Materials and methods: the clinically dominant hand of 15 patients with ERA (disease duration 6 months) was examined using MRI and MPH-SPECT. The evaluation of MRI was achieved according to RAMRIS criteria and for the MPH SPECT regarding pathological tracer uptake and distribution. Image fusions of MRI and MPH-SPECT were provided and the two methods were compared. Results: in MRI 12 of 15 patients showed arthritic joint pathologies, while 8 patients exhibited soft tissue and bony changes. 4 patients had only soft tissue inflammation (synovitis) with a normal bone signal. In MPH-SPECT 10 of 15 patients showed pathologically increased bone metabolism. The fusion images presented a high agreement of the pathological changes in both methods, while areas with increased bone metabolism were not only present in the case of erosions, but also in the case of bone edema. In 2 patients increased bone metabolism was detectable in areas of MR tomographic normal bone, while a clear surrounding synovitis was present in each case here. (orig.)

Scherer, Axel; Blondin, D.; Reichelt, D.; Moedder, U. [Radiologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Wirrwar, A.; Mattes-Gyoergy, K.; Mueller, H.W. [Nuklearmedizin, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Schneider, M. [Rheumatologie, Klinik fuer Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Rheumatologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Ostendorf, B. [Radiologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Rheumatologie, Klinik fuer Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Rheumatologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany)

2009-09-15

365

Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients  

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Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3% se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73% correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27% a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total, 4 (36,3% con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18% con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18% con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9% con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9% con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9% con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología.Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81% had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%. were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36% had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18% had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18% had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

MARÍA ANGÉLICA MATAMALA S

2012-08-01

366

Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores / Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósi [...] to de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3%) se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73%) correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27%) a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total), 4 (36,3%) con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18%) con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18%) con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9%) con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9%) con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9%) con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología. Abstract in english Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical [...] service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81%) had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%). were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36%) had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18%) had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18%) had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

MARÍA ANGÉLICA, MATAMALA S; MIGUEL, GONZÁLEZ P; GONZALO, ROSSEL D; CONSTANZA, NIEME S.

367

Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores / Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósi [...] to de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3%) se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73%) correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27%) a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total), 4 (36,3%) con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18%) con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18%) con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9%) con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9%) con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9%) con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología. Abstract in english Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical [...] service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81%) had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%). were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36%) had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18%) had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18%) had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

MARÍA ANGÉLICA, MATAMALA S; MIGUEL, GONZÁLEZ P; GONZALO, ROSSEL D; CONSTANZA, NIEME S.

2012-08-01

368

Evaluation of various hepatic lesions with PET  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

When a liver lesion is found in a PET image, differential diagnosis and analysis of the lesion is very important. We tried to analyze hepatic lesions found in PET. 53 patients with focal liver lesions (13 patients with HCC, 8 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CC), 20 patients with liver metastasis, 5 patients with hemangioma, 7 patients with liver abscess, including 1 patient with liver candidiasis) were examined. Definitely high FDG uptake pattern were observed in 54% (7/13) of HCC, 100% (8/8) of CC, 95% (19/20) of metastatic liver cancer and 100% (7/7) of liver abscess. Therefore, PET was partially useful in the diagnosis of HCC, but it was very useful in the diagnosis of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess. The contrast between lesions and surrounding liver background was very conspicuous in PET images of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess, which suggests that PET might be used for the follow up and assessment of treatment response of these diseases

369

Evaluation of various hepatic lesions with PET  

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When a liver lesion is found in a PET image, differential diagnosis and analysis of the lesion is very important. We tried to analyze hepatic lesions found in PET. 53 patients with focal liver lesions (13 patients with HCC, 8 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CC), 20 patients with liver metastasis, 5 patients with hemangioma, 7 patients with liver abscess, including 1 patient with liver candidiasis) were examined. Definitely high FDG uptake pattern were observed in 54% (7/13) of HCC, 100% (8/8) of CC, 95% (19/20) of metastatic liver cancer and 100% (7/7) of liver abscess. Therefore, PET was partially useful in the diagnosis of HCC, but it was very useful in the diagnosis of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess. The contrast between lesions and surrounding liver background was very conspicuous in PET images of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess, which suggests that PET might be used for the follow up and assessment of treatment response of these diseases.

Han, Chul Ju

2000-12-01

370

Petrous apex lesions outcome in 21 cases  

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Full Text Available Petrous apex lesions of temporal bone progress slowly. Most of the time not only destruct this area but also involve neighbouring element. The symptoms of the neighbouring neuro-vasculare involvement we can recognize these lesions. The most common symptoms of involvement of the petrous apex are: headache, conductive hearing loss or sensorineural type, paresthesia and anesthesia of the trigeminal nerve, paresia and paralysis of the facial nerve, abducent nerve. In retrospective study which has been in the ENT and HNS wards of Amiralam hospital, 148 patients have been operated due to temporal bone tumor; from these numbers, 21 (13.6% patients had petrous apex lesions of temporal bone. Eleven (52.9% patients of these 21 persons were men and the remaining 10 (47-6% were women. The average age of the patients was 37 years. The common pathology of these patients were glomus jugulare tumors, hemangioma, schwannoma, meningioma, congenital cholesteatoma, giant cell granuloma. The kind of operations that have been done on these patients were: infratemporal, translabyrinthine and middle fossa approaches. The conclusion of this study shows that petrous apex area is an occult site. The symptoms of this lesion are not characteristic, meticulous attention to the history and physical examination are very helpful to recognition of these lesions and it's extention.

Hekmatara M

1997-09-01

371

Producing Uniform Lesion Pattern in HIFU Ablation  

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High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is emerging as a modality for treatment of solid tumors. The temperature at the focus can reach over 65° C denaturing cellular proteins resulting in coagulative necrosis. Typically, HIFU parameters are the same for each treated spot in most HIFU control systems. Because of thermal diffusion from nearby spots, the size of lesions will gradually become larger as the HIFU therapy progresses, which may cause insufficient treatment of initial spots, and over-treatment of later ones. It is found that the produced lesion pattern also depends on the scanning pathway. From the viewpoint of the physician creating uniform lesions and minimizing energy exposure are preferred in tumor ablation. An algorithm has been developed to adaptively determine the treatment parameters for every spot in a theoretical model in order to maintain similar lesion size throughout the HIFU therapy. In addition, the exposure energy needed using the traditional raster scanning is compared with those of two other scanning pathways, spiral scanning from the center to the outside and from the outside to the center. The theoretical prediction and proposed algorithm were further evaluated using transparent gel phantoms as a target. Digital images of the lesions were obtained, quantified, and then compared with each other. Altogether, dynamically changing treatment parameters can improve the efficacy and safety of HIFU ablation.

Zhou, Yufeng; Kargl, Steven G.; Hwang, Joo Ha

2009-04-01

372

Presence of Leptin in chronic periapical lesions  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Studies have shown the regulatory role of Leptin in bone formation, its expression in adipose tissue as well as increased levels in circulation following the adminstration of inflammatory stimuli such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS. However, there is little data evaluating the role of Leptin in inflammatory periapical lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence and concentration of Leptin in chronic periapical lesions. Materials and Methods: Chronic periapical lesions with different sizes were collected during periapical surgery of the mandibular molars from twenty patients and cultured for 72 hours. The ELISA method determined the concentration of Leptin in supernatant fluids of explants cultures. Statistical analysis was performed using non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney U, Chi-Square and Spearman’s Correlation Coefficient. Results: Leptin was found in all samples with the average concentration of 405.55±102.98 (pg/mL. There was no significant correlation between the concentration of Leptin and BMI, and the diameters of lesions. Conclusion: Leptin can be considered an inflammatory mediator and is likely to have a role during the early phases of dental periapical lesions.

Ali Kangarlou Haghighi

2010-10-01

373

Chondrogenic Lesions of the Skeletal System Using Radiographs, CT and MRI  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Benign Tumors: Chondroma, chondroblastoma,"nchondromyxoid fibroma, osteochondroma"nChondroma"n1. Enchondroma"n2. Periosteal Chondroma"n3. Enchondromatosis"n4. Metachondromatosis"nEnchondroma is a benign metaphyseal tumor. The"nmajor differential diagnoses are bone infarct and"nchondrosarcoma. Calcification in enchondroma"nhas a popcorn appearance and on radiographs and"nCT they may be counted. Calcified bone infarct"nhas an appearance similar to rotten metal. Central"nchondrosarcoma shows cortical erosion more than"ntwo thirds of the thickness of cortex and also periosteal"nreaction. Pain and growth of lesion in adulthood raises"nthe possibility of malignant transformation."nPeriosteal chondroma: This lesion arises from the"nperiosteum without involving the medullary bone."nThe most common location is the upper humerus."nEnchondromatosis reveals multiple enchondromas,"npredominantly involving one side of the skeleton."nMalignant transformation is the major complication"nof enchondromatosis. In malignant transformation,"nMRI shows that perichondrium is more than 1 cm"nthick in adults and more than 3 cm thick in children."nIn the hands and feet, enchondromatosis should not"nbe confused with fibrous dysplasia. Mafucci syndrome"nis enchondromatosis associated with cavernous"nhemangiomas with a prognosis worse than enchondr"nomatosis."nMultiple hereditary cartilaginous exostoses: This is"nof metaphyseal origin and pedunculated forms grow"naway from the adjacent joint. Sessile osteochondromas"nare broad based; if their surface is irregular they are"nsuspicious of malignancy. Pain and growth of the"nlesion after closure of the epiphyseal plate are warning"nsigns of malignant transformation. In malignant"ntransformation MRI shows that perichondrium is"nmore than 1 cm thick in adults and more than 3 cm"nthick in children."nChondroblastoma: This is a benign tumor, seen before"nclosure of epiphyseal plate, with a sclerotic border."n30 to 50% show calcification. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings. The tumor is hypodense in T1"nand hyperdense in T2 and post gadolinium injection"nfat suppressed T1 images. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nChondromyxoid Fibroma-A benign, eccentric, ovoid,"nmetaphyseal tumor with recurrent tendency. It rarely"nshows calcification. The tumor is hypodense on T1 and"nIran J Radiol 2011, 8 (Supp.1 S65"nhyper dense on T2 and post gadolinium studies show"nhyperintensity beyond the tumor. It has a tendency"nfor recurrence. Non-ossifying fibroma is a self healing"nmetaphyseal fibrous defect and not a tumor, diamond"nshaped in one of the perpendicular radiographs."nMetaphyseal fibrous defect is usually subcortical, but"nit may be small and intracortical. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nSynovial chondrometaplasia. (synovial"nosteochondromatosis is an arthritis resulting"nfrom chondro (or osteochondro metaplasia of the"nsynovium. They may form osteocartilaginous bodies"nin the joint. In advanced cases they may cause erosion of"nthe articular surface and malignant transportation has"nbeen reported. Radiographs may demonstrate chondroosseous"nbodies in the joints, but CT demonstrates them"nbetter. MRI shows joint fluid and filling defects in the"nfluid. Erosion may be demonstrated by these three"nmodalities."nChondrosarcoma:"nConventional Chondrosarcoma: central, peripheral"nand juxtacortical."nVariants of chondrosarcoma: clear cell, mesenchymal"nand dedifferentiated. Chondrosarcoma can be"ndifferentiated from enchondroma by the presence"nof cortical erosion more than two thirds of the"ncortical diameter and periosteal reaction. Most"nchondrosarcomas discussed here are of low grad

Akbar Bonakdarpour

2011-05-01

374

Malignant Lesions as Mammographically Appearing Intramammary Ganglia; Lesiones malignas con apariencia mamografica de ganglios intramamarios  

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Intramammary ganglia are frequent mammographic findings of no pathological importance. We present two cases of malignant breast lesions whose mammographic appearance could resemble that of intramammary ganglia. Although the mammographic appearance of a lesion is similar to that of intramammary ganglia, it should be carefully studied, especially if it presents a poorly defined border or is palpable. (Author)

Martinez-Miraveta, P.; Pons, M. J.; Pina, L. J.; Zornoza, G. [Clinica Universitaria de Navarra. Pamplona (Spain)

2004-07-01

375

Oral White Lesions: Presentation and Comparison of Oral Submucous Fibrosis with Other Lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To compare oral submucous fibrosis with other white oral lesions for presentation and associated factors. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Departments of Oral Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ibad Institute of Oral Health Sciences (DIKIOHS), Karachi, from May 2008 to May 2009. Methodology: Patients presenting with oral white lesions were selected by consecutive non-purposive sampling and clinico-demographic data was collected. For patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), additional information like duration of habits, maximal incisal opening (MIO), presence of any other associated lesion were noted. OSF was compared with other white lesions for any association between characteristic of subjects. Chi-square and independent t-tests for determining the statistical significance at p < 0.05. Results: OSF was present in 59.6% (n = 106) of the 178 patients; other white lesions were 40.4% (n = 72). The mean age of patients with OSF was 34 +- 12.7 years and 45.81 +- 16.2 years in patients with other white lesions, (p < 0.0001). Items containing areca nut were consumed more by patients with OSF, with a significant (p < 0.0001) compared to patients with other white lesions. Conclusion: OSF was the predominant white lesion in patients examined at DIKIOHS. Areca nut was found to be chewed more by patients with OSF and still longer by patients with SCC. (author)

376

Evaluation of bone lesions of lymphomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Skeletal involvement of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is found in 11-16%, in Hodgkin's disease in 7.6-34%. Primary lymphoma of bone has an incidence of 1-50% among all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The occurrence of skeletal lesions is higher in infants and children than in adults. Skeletal lesions caused by Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are mostly seen in the axial skeleton including the skull, whereas the primary lymphoma of bone seems to prefer a more peripheral site. The aggressiveness of the tumor growth can be measured by the method of Lodwick, by judging the edge characteristic, the penetration of the cortex, the periostal and scleotic reaction. 3 examples illustrate this method. Conventional radiographs need only be performed when there is reason to believe a lesion is located in an area of structural importance, such as the neck of the femur, and in cases of skeletal pain of unknown origin. (orig.)

377

Fine-needle aspiration of splenic lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the safety and usefulness of percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of the splenic lesions. Fine needle aspiration biopsy was done in 7 patients with splenic lesions. Spleen puncture was performed by using 22 gauge Chiba needle, under ultrasound guidance in 6 patients and CT guidance in one patient. No major complication such as bleeding, infection or pneumothorax occurred. Final diagnosis were 2 cases of splenic lymphoma and one case each of metastasis, cystic lymphangioma, tuberculosis, hemangioma, and extramedullary hematopoiesis. Cytologic results were true positive in 4 patients and were clinically useful in all patients. This study shows that FNAB of splenic lesions may be a valuable procedure safe from major complications such as fatal bleeding