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Sample records for sclerotic bony lesion

  1. Cystinosis with sclerotic bone lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirrs, S; Munk, P; Mallinson, P I; Ouellette, H; Horvath, G; Cooper, S; Da Roza, G; Rosenbaum, D; O'Riley, M; Nussbaumer, G; Hoang, L N; Lee, C H

    2014-01-01

    A 26-year-old male with nephropathic cystinosis treated with cysteamine and renal transplantation presented for evaluation of multiple sclerotic bone lesions, which were an incidental finding on chest computerized tomography. These lesions were in a pattern consistent with osteoblastic metastases. He did not have a history of clinically significant hyperparathyroidism or cytopenias either preceding or following his transplant. Bone and tumor markers (including alkaline phosphatase and calcium) were all normal. A percutaneous bone biopsy of the lesions showed changes compatible with cystine deposition. Our case demonstrates that sclerotic bone lesions can be a feature of cystinosis in patients with normal parathyroid function and that significant bone marrow infiltration with cystine can be present even in the absence of cytopenias. PMID:24097416

  2. [Bony Bankart lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegl, U J; Braun, S; Euler, S A; Warth, R J; Millett, P J

    2014-12-01

    Fractures of the anteroinferior glenoid rim, termed bony Bankart lesions, have been reported to occur in up to 22% of first time anterior shoulder dislocations. The primary goal of treatment is to create a stable glenohumeral joint and a good shoulder function. Options for therapeutic intervention are largely dependent on the chronicity of the lesion, the activity level of the patient and postreduction fracture characteristics, such as the size, location and number of fracture fragments. Non-operative treatment can be successful for small, acute fractures, which are anatomically reduced after shoulder reduction. However, in patients with a high risk profile for recurrent instability initial Bankart repair is recommended. Additionally, bony fixation is recommended for acute fractures that involve more than 15-20% of the inferior glenoid diameter. On the other hand chronic fractures are generally managed on a case-by-case basis depending on the amount of fragment resorption and bony erosion of the anterior glenoid with high recurrence rates under conservative therapy. When significant bone loss of the anterior glenoid is present, anatomical (e.g. iliac crest bone graft and osteoarticular allograft) or non-anatomical (e.g. Latarjet and Bristow) reconstruction of the anterior glenoid is often indicated. PMID:25492582

  3. Bony Lesions in Pediatric Acute Leukemia: Pictorial Essay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makhtoom Shahnazi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute leukemia is the most common malignancy in childhood, which mainly involves children less than 15 years of age. The growing skeleton is the main site of involvement in children. Leukemic cells proliferate within the massive red bone marrow in children. So besides the pallor, petechia, purpura and ecchymosis in the skin and mucosal surfaces, bone pain and other bony lesions are other manifestations of leukemia.On the other hand, bony lesions are more prevalent in children than adults with no poor prognosis in comparison to patients without bone lesions. These bony lesions may precede other laboratory tests so familiarity with these presentations is very important for earlier diagnosis.In this pictorial essay, we tried to gather the most common bony lesions that may be seen in acute leukemia in different cases admitted to our hospital with general malaise and localized tenderness and discomfort leading us to perform plain X-ray for further evaluation. Finding these bony lesions helps clinicians to reach the diagnosis quickly. These findings include metaphyseal lucent band and erosion, periosteal reaction, small lucent bone lesion and permeative appearance, reduced bone density and collapsed vertebra.

  4. Occult bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To examine bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed on 55 knees with ACL injuries. With respect to the period between ACL injuries and MR imaging, the knees were divided into acute (within one month), subacute (from one month to one year) and chronic (over one year) groups, containing 19, 16 and 20 knees, respectively. Occult bony lesions not shown in roentgenography were observed more frequently in the acute group (13/19) than in the other two groups (subacute group, 5/16; chronic group, 1/20), located in the lateral compartment of the knee joint. In the acute group, bony lesions had high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and low signal intensity on proton density images. In the subacute and chronic groups, bony lesions were less pronounced and had low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. These findings suggest that bony lesions are frequently associated with and occur simultaneously with ACL injury. (author)

  5. A new "double-pulley" dual-row technique for arthroscopic fixation of bony Bankart lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jin; Jiang, Chunyan

    2011-09-01

    The double-row technique is a new concept for arthroscopic treatment of bony Bankart lesion in shoulder instability. It presents a new and reproducible technique for arthroscopic fixation of bony Bankart fragments with suture anchors. This technique creates double-mattress sutures which compress the fragment against its bone bed and restores better bony anatomy of the anterior glenoid rim with stable and non-tilting fixation that may improve healing. PMID:21290115

  6. Injury of anterior cruciate ligament with associated bony lesions: MR image

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the characteristic MR findings in injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with associated bony lesions. We reviewed MR findings and the corresponding arthroscopic or operative results of 48 patients with ACL injuries, and evaluated ACL signal intensity and contour. In associated bony lesions, we determined the location of avulsion fracture and bony bruise. Complete ACL tears were seen in 27 cases, partial tears in 13, and avulsion injury in eight. Complete tears showed heterogeneously increased signal intensity with contour bulging in ten cases (37%), and combined bony lesion in 14 (52%). ACL with a thin continous low signal intensity band surrounding heterogeneously-increased signal intensity suggested partial tears, and was seen in three of 13 proven cases (23%) of partial ACL tears;combined bony lesion was seen in four such cases(31%). There were eight cases of avulsion fracture;the most frequent site was the anterolateral portion of the tibial spine (n=6). The most frequent sites of bony lesion were at the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle (n=6), and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=6);the next most frequent site was the anterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=5). Tearing of the ACL was seen on MRI as ligament discontinuity, and heterogeneously increased signal intensity with ACL contour bulging. The most frequent sites of associated bony lesions were the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle, and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau. In associated bony lesions, bony contusion suggested ACL tearing, but avulsion fracture suggested ligament avulsion injury without tear

  7. Occult bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury; Assessment with MR imaging

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    Nawata, Koji; Toshima, Ryota; Yamamoto, Yoshizo (Tottori Univ., Yonago (Japan). School of Medicine); Suzuki, Toshiro; Date, Shinya

    1993-09-01

    To examine bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed on 55 knees with ACL injuries. With respect to the period between ACL injuries and MR imaging, the knees were divided into acute (within one month), subacute (from one month to one year) and chronic (over one year) groups, containing 19, 16 and 20 knees, respectively. Occult bony lesions not shown in roentgenography were observed more frequently in the acute group (13/19) than in the other two groups (subacute group, 5/16; chronic group, 1/20), located in the lateral compartment of the knee joint. In the acute group, bony lesions had high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and low signal intensity on proton density images. In the subacute and chronic groups, bony lesions were less pronounced and had low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. These findings suggest that bony lesions are frequently associated with and occur simultaneously with ACL injury. (author).

  8. Bony change of apical lesion healing process using fractal analysis

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    Lee, Ji Min; Park, Hyok; Jeong, Ho Gul; Kim, Kee Deog; Park, Chang Seo [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-06-15

    To investigate the change of bone healing process after endodontic treatment of the tooth with an apical lesion by fractal analysis. Radiographic images of 35 teeth from 33 patients taken on first diagnosis, 6 months, and 1 year after endodontic treatment were selected. Radiographic images were taken by JUPITER computerized Dental X-ray System. Fractal dimensions were calculated three times at each area by Scion Image PC program. Rectangular region of interest (30 x 30) were selected at apical lesion and normal apex of each image. The fractal dimension at apical lesion of first diagnosis (L{sub 0}) is 0.940 {+-} 0.361 and that of normal area (N{sub 0}) is 1.186 {+-} 0.727 (p<0.05). Fractal dimension at apical lesion of 6 months after endodontic treatment (L{sub 1}) is 1.076 {+-} 0.069 and that of normal area (N{sub 1}) is 1.192 {+-} 0.055 (p<0.05). Fractal dimension at apical lesion of 1 year after endodontic treatment (L{sub 2}) is 1.163 {+-} 0.074 and that of normal area (N{sub 2}) is 1.225 {+-} 0.079 (p<0.05). After endodontic treatment, the fractal dimensions at each apical lesions depending on time showed statistically significant difference. And there are statistically significant different between normal area and apical lesion on first diagnosis, 6 months after, 1 year after. But the differences were grow smaller as time flows. The evaluation of the prognosis after the endodontic treatment of the apical lesion was estimated by bone regeneration in apical region. Fractal analysis was attempted to overcome the limit of subjective reading, and as a result the change of the bone during the healing process was able to be detected objectively and quantitatively.

  9. CT and MRI of intrinsic space-occupying lesions of the bony skull base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intrinsic bony lesions of the skull base are diseases which arise within the bones forming the skull base. Mainly they are bone tumours and tumour-like lesions. With the exception of osteomas of the paranasal sinuses and exostoses of the external auditory canal, these lesions occur rarely. This article gives an overview of the appearance of the most common primary bony skull base masses in CT and MRI. From the authors' point of view these are fibrous dysplasia, chordomas, chondrosarcomas, Langerhans cell histiocytosis and multiple myelomas, which must be differentiated from pseudolesions. The possibilities of CT and MRI in making a specific diagnosis, differential diagnosis and the kind of making the final diagnosis are described. (orig.)

  10. Imaging spectrum in sclerotic myelomas: an experience of three cases

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    Grover, S.B.; Dhar, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi (India)

    2000-11-01

    The classic radiographic presentation of multiple myeloma is lytic skeletal lesions. Primary sclerotic manifestations are rare and occur only in 3 % of cases. The imaging spectrum in three cases of multiple myeloma with primary osteosclerosis is described. The first patient had spiculated sclerosis of the orbit, which is an uncommon site for myeloma. The second patient with POEMS syndrome had multiple, scattered, skeletal lesions with sclerotic margins. The third patient presented with a chest wall mass and had an expansile thick spiculated sclerosis in the rib. The wide imaging spectrum possible in sclerotic myelomas and their relevant differential diagnosis is emphasized. (orig.)

  11. CT and MRI of intrinsic space-occupying lesions of the bony skull base; CT und MRT bei intrinsischen raumfordernden Laesionen der knoechernen Schaedelbasis

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    Koesling, S.; Brandt, S. [Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Universitaetsklinik und Poliklinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie, Halle (Germany); Neumann, K. [Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Universitaetsklinik und Poliklinik fuer Hals-, Nasen-, Ohrenheilkunde, Kopf- und Halschirurgie, Halle (Germany)

    2009-07-15

    Intrinsic bony lesions of the skull base are diseases which arise within the bones forming the skull base. Mainly they are bone tumours and tumour-like lesions. With the exception of osteomas of the paranasal sinuses and exostoses of the external auditory canal, these lesions occur rarely. This article gives an overview of the appearance of the most common primary bony skull base masses in CT and MRI. From the authors' point of view these are fibrous dysplasia, chordomas, chondrosarcomas, Langerhans cell histiocytosis and multiple myelomas, which must be differentiated from pseudolesions. The possibilities of CT and MRI in making a specific diagnosis, differential diagnosis and the kind of making the final diagnosis are described. (orig.) [German] Unter intrinsischen Laesionen der knoechernen Schaedelbasis versteht man Erkrankungen, die von den die Schaedelbasis bildenden Knochen ausgehen. In erster Linie handelt es sich um Knochentumoren und tumoraehnliche Laesionen. Mit wenigen Ausnahmen (Nasennebenhoehlenosteome, Exostosen des aeusseren Gehoergangs) sind sie selten. Dieser Beitrag gibt einen Ueberblick ueber das CT- und MRT-Erscheinungsbild der aus Sicht der Autoren unter diesem Aspekt noch am haeufigsten anzutreffenden raumfordernden Laesionen. Dazu zaehlen die fibroese Dysplasie, Chordome, Chondrosarkome, die Langerhans-Zell-Histiozytose und das multiple Myelom. Abgrenzt werden muessen Pseudotumoren. Artdiagnostische Zuordnungsmoeglichkeiten durch CT und/oder MRT, Differenzialdiagnosen und Diagnosesicherung werden dargelegt. (orig.)

  12. Multiple bony lesions other than femoral heads on 99mTc-MDP bone scan in patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the clinical significance of the multiple increased uptake lesions other than in femoral heads as seen on whole body bone scan in patients with avascular necrosis of femoral heads. One hundred and seventy three patients with clinical diagnosis of avascular necrosis of the emoral head underwent a bone scan using Tc-99m MDP. Increased uptake lesions other than in femoral heads were evaluated, including frequency and common sites of in volvement, and correlated with clinical information and plain radiographic findings. Two hundred patients without AVN, who had undergone a bone scan, were included as a control group. Increased uptake lesions in extrafemoral head locations were found in 36 of 173 patients(20.8%;the location of 79 lesions was other than the femoral head, This result is statistically different from patients without avascular necrosis of femoral head(p<0.0001). The most common site of involvement was the knee joint area(62.5%). Other lesions were located in the mid-shafts of the long bones of the lower extremities, calcaneus, proximal humerus, etc., in order of decreasing frequency. Plain radiographs of 17 lesions were nonspecific, except for three lesions showing definite changes associated with avascular necrosis. The risk factors included alcoholism, the prolonged use of steroids, renal transplantation, herbal medication and working as a working as deep-sea diver. Most patients did not complain of pain, except for two with irreversible osteonecrotic changes as seen on plain radiograph. in patients with avascular necrosis of the femur, increased uptake lesions other than in the femoral head as seen on bone scan, may represent the early stage of osteonecrosis, which shows a characteristic appearance on bone scan. In order to aveid possible misdiagnoses of multiple extrafemoral lesions as bony metastasis or traumatic lesions, in patients with avascular necrosis of the femur these should be carefully evaluated

  13. Preliminary Results on the Feasibility of Using ARFI/SWEI to Assess Cutaneous Sclerotic Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Seung Yun; Cardones, Adela R; Doherty, Joshua; Nightingale, Kathryn; Palmeri, Mark

    2015-11-01

    In this study, acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) and shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI) were applied to the skin to investigate the feasibility of their use in assessing sclerotic skin diseases. Our motivation was to develop a non-invasive imaging technology with real-time feedback of sclerotic skin disease diagnosis. This paper shows representative results from an ongoing study, recruiting patients with and without sclerosis. The stiffness of the imaged site was evaluated using two metrics: mean ARFI displacement magnitude and bulk shear wave speed inside the region of interest (ROI). In a subject with localized graft versus host disease (GVHD), the mean ARFI displacement inside sclerotic skin was 61% lower (p ARFI and SWEI can successfully differentiate sclerotic lesions from normal dermis. PMID:26259888

  14. CUTANEOUS MYXOID CYST ON THE SCLEROTIC FINGER IN A PATIENT WITH DIFFUSE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taeko Nakamura-Wakatsuki

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Skin tumors occurring on the scleroderma fingers are rarely seen. Swollen fingers are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis, and mucin deposition in the lesional skin is a constant feature in systemic sclerosis. Here we describe a case of cutaneous myxoid cyst on the flexor aspect of the sclerotic fingers in a patient with severe diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Cutaneous myxoid cyst is a relatively common benign tumor; however, cases of cutaneous myxoid cysts developing on the scleroderma fingers have not been reported to date. Mucin deposition in the sclerotic skin may be a predisposing factor in the induction of myxoid cyst on the scleroderma finger in our patient.

  15. Bony sequestrum: A radiologic review

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    Jennin, Felicie; Bousson, Valerie; Parlier, Caroline; Jomaah, Nabil; Khanine, Vanessa; Laredo, Jean-Denis [Lariboisiere Hospital, Department of Radiology, Paris (France)

    2011-08-15

    According to a pathological definition, a bony sequestrum is defined as a piece of devitalized bone that has been separated from the surrounding bone during the process of necrosis. However, the radiological definition of a sequestrum is different and refers to an image of calcification visible within a lucent lesion, completely separated from the surrounding bone, without referring to the vascular status and histological nature of the calcified tissue. The term ''button sequestrum'' has been used in calvarial lesions. The prototype conditions that may present with a bony sequestrum are osteomyelitis and skeletal tuberculosis. Other conditions such as radiation necrosis, eosinophilic granuloma, metastatic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of bone, aggressive fibrous tumors may also manifest as osteolytic lesions containing a sequestrum. In addition, some primary bone tumors produce a matrix that may mineralize and sometimes simulate a bone sequestrum. These include osteoid tumors (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma), cartilaginous tumors (chondroma and chondroblastoma), lipomatous tumors (lipoma), and benign fibrous tumors (fibromyxoma, myxoma, and desmoplastic fibroma). Therefore, various conditions may present at imaging as a small area of osteolysis containing central calcifications. However, a careful analysis of the sequestrum as well as the associated clinical and radiological findings often enables to point toward a limited number of conditions. (orig.)

  16. Bony sequestrum: A radiologic review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to a pathological definition, a bony sequestrum is defined as a piece of devitalized bone that has been separated from the surrounding bone during the process of necrosis. However, the radiological definition of a sequestrum is different and refers to an image of calcification visible within a lucent lesion, completely separated from the surrounding bone, without referring to the vascular status and histological nature of the calcified tissue. The term ''button sequestrum'' has been used in calvarial lesions. The prototype conditions that may present with a bony sequestrum are osteomyelitis and skeletal tuberculosis. Other conditions such as radiation necrosis, eosinophilic granuloma, metastatic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of bone, aggressive fibrous tumors may also manifest as osteolytic lesions containing a sequestrum. In addition, some primary bone tumors produce a matrix that may mineralize and sometimes simulate a bone sequestrum. These include osteoid tumors (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma), cartilaginous tumors (chondroma and chondroblastoma), lipomatous tumors (lipoma), and benign fibrous tumors (fibromyxoma, myxoma, and desmoplastic fibroma). Therefore, various conditions may present at imaging as a small area of osteolysis containing central calcifications. However, a careful analysis of the sequestrum as well as the associated clinical and radiological findings often enables to point toward a limited number of conditions. (orig.)

  17. CUTANEOUS MYXOID CYST ON THE SCLEROTIC FINGER IN A PATIENT WITH DIFFUSE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Taeko Nakamura-Wakatsuki; Toshiyuki Yamamoto

    2013-01-01

    Skin tumors occurring on the scleroderma fingers are rarely seen. Swollen fingers are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis, and mucin deposition in the lesional skin is a constant feature in systemic sclerosis. Here we describe a case of cutaneous myxoid cyst on the flexor aspect of the sclerotic fingers in a patient with severe diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Cutaneous myxoid cyst is a relatively common benign tumor; however, cases of cutaneous myxoid cysts developing on the scleroderma fin...

  18. The sclerotic pedicle - how many causes are there?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sclerotic pedicle is a commonly encountered roentgen sign that may be associated with numerous conditions, both benign and malignant. The following paper discusses the common as well as the unusual causes of this interesting phenomenon and demonstrates the radiographic presentations of the various etiologies. (orig.)

  19. Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis

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    V Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Quinck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones.A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, diagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

  20. Osteosclerotic lesions in patients treated with gefitinib for lung adenocarcinomas: a sign of favorable therapeutic response

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    Yamashita, Yoshiko; Aoki, Takatoshi; Korogi, Yukunori [University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kitakyushu (Japan); Hanagiri, Takeshi; Uramoto, Hidetaka [University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Second Department of Surgery, Kitakyushu (Japan); Yoshii, Chiharu; Mukae, Hiroshi [University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Department of Respiratory Disease, Kitakyushu (Japan)

    2012-04-15

    To assess the frequency of osteosclerotic changes on CT that appeared after treatment with gefitinib in patients with lung adenocarcinoma and the relationship between the osteosclerotic changes and the response to the therapy. Our study included 41 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent chest CT both before (CTpre) and after (CTpost) starting treatment with gefitinib. The presence or absence of bone metastases was assessed on the CTpre, and the interval bony change after the therapy was classified as lytic, sclerotic, or no changes on the CTpost. The relationship between treatment results of primary lung cancer and interval bony changes was evaluated. Osteosclerotic lesions were identified in 11 patients (27%) on CTpost; in 6 of 11 patients osteosclerotic lesions newly appeared where the CTpre showed no bone metastasis before the gefitinib therapy. There were significant differences in the therapeutic response of the primary cancers (P < 0.001) and in the survival rate (P < 0.01) in patients with osteosclerotic changes versus those without osteosclerotic changes. Osteosclerotic changes on CT, observed after gefitinib treatment in patients with lung adenocarcinomas, may be an indicator of a good therapeutic response. (orig.)

  1. Osteosclerotic lesions in patients treated with gefitinib for lung adenocarcinomas: a sign of favorable therapeutic response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the frequency of osteosclerotic changes on CT that appeared after treatment with gefitinib in patients with lung adenocarcinoma and the relationship between the osteosclerotic changes and the response to the therapy. Our study included 41 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent chest CT both before (CTpre) and after (CTpost) starting treatment with gefitinib. The presence or absence of bone metastases was assessed on the CTpre, and the interval bony change after the therapy was classified as lytic, sclerotic, or no changes on the CTpost. The relationship between treatment results of primary lung cancer and interval bony changes was evaluated. Osteosclerotic lesions were identified in 11 patients (27%) on CTpost; in 6 of 11 patients osteosclerotic lesions newly appeared where the CTpre showed no bone metastasis before the gefitinib therapy. There were significant differences in the therapeutic response of the primary cancers (P < 0.001) and in the survival rate (P < 0.01) in patients with osteosclerotic changes versus those without osteosclerotic changes. Osteosclerotic changes on CT, observed after gefitinib treatment in patients with lung adenocarcinomas, may be an indicator of a good therapeutic response. (orig.)

  2. Bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury

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    Balen, P.F.; Helms, C.A. [Dept. of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    2001-07-01

    Objective. Bony ankylosis has been described following trauma, paralysis, psoriasis, Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile chronic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Reports of bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury are limited.Design and patients. Thirteen cases of burn-related joint ankylosis in four patients are presented.Conclusion. Patients with burns from thermal or electrical injury may develop bony ankylosis among other radiographic manifestations. This bony ankylosis may result either from bridging extra-articular heterotopic ossification with preservation of the underlying joint or from intra-articular fusion due to joint destruction. (orig.)

  3. Monte Carlo Simulation of Bony Heterogeneity Effects on Dose Profile for Small Irradiation Field in Radiotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Cardoso, Simone C.; Alves, Victor Gabriel L.; da Rosa, Luiz Antonio R.; Campos, Luciana T.; Batista, Delano V. S.; Facure, Alessandro

    2010-01-01

    In the radiotherapy treatment planning of a lesion located in the head region with small field radiation beams, the heterogeneity corrections play an important role. In this work, we investigated the influence of a bony heterogeneity on dose profile inside a soft tissue phantom containing a bony material. PDD curves were obtained by simulation using the Monte Carlo code EGSnrc and employing Eclipse® treatment planning system algorithms (Batho, Modified Batho, Equivalent TAR and Anisotropic An...

  4. Bony ankylosis of temporomandibular joint

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    Lee, Byeong Do; Yoon, Young Nam; Um, Ki Doo; Ra, Jong Ill; Lee, Wan [School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-06-15

    Ankylosis of joint is defined as limited movement due to infection, trauma, or surgical procedure. A 59-year-old female with a chief complaint of limited movements during mouth opening had a positive history of trauma to her right TMJ area about 5 years ago. From that time, progressive mouth opening limitation and intermittent pain have occurred. At the time of admission the patient showed mandibular deviation to the right side during mouth opening, with a maximum opening limited to 5 mm. On plain radiographs, right condylar enlargement and joint space reduction by newly formed bony tissues were observed. CT scans showed right condylar enlargement, cortical sclerosis, and thickening of the condyle, articular fossa and articular eminence.

  5. Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study

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    Gisela Muassab Castanho

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electron microscopy in order to estimate the amount (in percentage of solid dentin on the sclerotic dentin surface. The data were compared by Student's t test (? = 0.05. The micromorphological and microhardness data were compared by Pearson's linear correlation test (? = 0.05. The mean percentages of solid dentin of human and bovine sclerotic dentin were similar (human 90.71 ± 0.83 and bovine 89.08 ± 0.81, p = 0.18. The mean microhardness value (VHN of human sclerotic dentin was significantly higher than that of bovine sclerotic dentin (human 45.26 ± 2.92 and bovine 29.93 ± 3.83, p = 0.006. No correlation was found between the microhardness values and the amount of solid dentin in the sclerotic dentin, irrespective of the species considered (human R² = 0.0240, p = 0.714; bovine R² = 0.0017, p = 0.923; and combined R² = 0.038, p = 0.46. We concluded that although both bovine and human sclerotic dentin present a similar amount of solid tissue, human sclerotic dentin presents higher microhardness than bovine sclerotic dentin.

  6. Quantifying sclerotic bone metastases with 2D ultra short TE MRI: a feasibility study.

    OpenAIRE

    Messiou, C; Collins, DJ; Morgan, VA; Robson, MD; deBono, JS; Bydder, GM; deSouza, NM

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Ultra Short TE MRI allows signal to be detected from tissues with a very short T2.The aims of this study were to optimize a 2D UTE MRI sequence for imaging and quantification of sclerotic bone metastases, establish T2* values of sclerotic components and investigate the feasibility of using the method to assess changes in T2* of sclerotic metastases and their relation to attenuation values in patients on treatment. METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were recruited in 3 cohorts. Cohort ...

  7. Bony spurs projecting in the obturator foramen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, R

    2012-05-01

    The obturator foramen is large oval aperture in males or irregularly triangular aperture in females in the hipbone, situated anteroinferior to the acetabulum between the pubis and ischium. The dry bone under study is a male left sided hipbone. It contains the obturator groove through which the obturator nerve and vessels pass. During analysis of hipbones in the osteology laboratory of CSM Medical University Lucknow, UP, India, a hipbone was found in which bony spurs or exostoses were projecting from the margins into the obturator foramen. These bony projections in the obturator foramen constitute a new anatomical variant in the hipbone, as they have not been reported before. These bony spurs may impinge on the obturator nerve and vessels causing neurovascular complications and also trauma to the soft tissues during biomechanical movements. In addition, these bony spurs may cause spasms of the obturator internus and externus muscles, causing groin pain. These bony projections may also lead to misinterpretation of radiographs. Thus, knowledge of these bony spurs is of paramount importance to anatomists, surgeons, sport physicians, and radiologists. PMID:22648594

  8. Comparison of Sporadic Sclerotic Fibroma and Solitary Fibrous Tumor in the Oral Cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Ju-Han; An, Jung-Suk; Lee, Eung Seok; Kwon, Soon-Young; Kim, Young-Sik

    2007-01-01

    Sporadic sclerotic fibroma (SF) and solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising in the oral cavity are very rare. In this report, we describe two cases of oral pathology, one involving SF and the other involving SFT. Both cases presented with well-circumscribed, firm nodules with similar gross findings. However, the histologic findings of the SF and SFT showed rather distinct features. The SF was composed of hyalinized sclerotic collagen bundles arranged in a whorled pattern, whereas the SFT was for...

  9. Sclerotic fibroma-like dermatofibroma: an uncommon distinctive variant of dermatofibroma

    OpenAIRE

    González-Vela, M.C.; Val-Bernal, José Fernando; de Martino, M; González-López, M.A.; García-Alberdi, E.; Hermana, S.

    2005-01-01

    Dermatofibroma (DF) is a common benign cutaneous tumor with many variants based on alterations in the morphology and composition of its diverse elements. One very infrequent type is sclerotic fibromalike DF (SF-DF). We report 7 new cases of SF-DF. In addition, their main clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features were compared with 14 unselected common DFs and with 3 sclerotic fibromas (SFs). Microscopically, the 7 cases of SF-DFs showed an un...

  10. Microscopy comparative evaluation of the SE systems adhesion to normal and sclerotic dentin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florescu, Anamaria; Efrem, Ion Cristian; Haidoiu, Cerasela; Hertzog, Radu; Bîcle?anu, Florentina Cornelia

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was in vitro evaluation and comparison of the adhesion of self-etch (SE) adhesive systems applied on normal and sclerotic dentin. For this study, Class 5 cavities were prepared on sound teeth as well as on teeth with sclerotic dentin. They were then restored by means of the SE 2-step OptiBond XTR (Kerr) and SE 1-step Bond Force (Tokuyama Dental) adhesive systems, as well as the Estelite Sigma Quick (Tokuyama Dental) composite resin. For teeth with sclerotic dentin, the hypermineralized superficial layer was removed by means of round bur on low speed, than the adhesive systems and composite resin were applied. These teeth were prepared for microscopic study according to the protocol specific to each microscope. SEM (scanning electron microscopy) examination reveals that on normal and sclerotic dentin, OptiBond XTR and Bond Force form hybrid layers with about the same thickness, greater in normal dentin, but only OptiBond XTR pervades into the dentinal tubules, both in normal and sclerotic dentin. However, TEM (transmission electron microscopy) examination of Bond Force reveals that it penetrates into the dentinal tubules as well, but only in the case of normal dentin. The thickness of the hybrid layers resulting from the application of the SE adhesive systems to sound dentin is different from the thickness of the hybrid layers obtained when the same adhesive systems have been applied to sclerotic dentin. PMID:26662138

  11. Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea / Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    V, Silva; H, Madrid; S, Anticevic.

    Full Text Available Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Qui [...] nck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones. Abstract in english A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, d [...] iagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

  12. PrimaryiIntraosseousm meningioma in the orbital bony wall: A case report and review of the literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meningiomas arising outside the intracranial compartment are known as extradural meningiomas. Extradural meningiomas are rare conditions, accounting for less than 2% of all meningiomas. Primary intraosseous meningioma is used to describe a subset of extradural meningiomas arising from bone. A 46-year-old woman presented with left exophthalmos. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance images revealed an expansile bony lesion in the orbital lateral wall of the left sphenoid bone. The patient underwent craniotomy for excision of the bony lesion. Pathologic examination revealed an intraosseous meningioma.

  13. PrimaryiIntraosseousm meningioma in the orbital bony wall: A case report and review of the literature review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sung Jae; Ryu, Ji Hwa; Kim, Hong Dae; Lee, Kwang Hwi; Baek, Hye Jin; Kim, Ok Hwa; Yoon, Jung Hee; Kim, Ji Yeon [Dept. of Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Young Mi; Kim, Dong Wook [Dept. of Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-01-15

    Meningiomas arising outside the intracranial compartment are known as extradural meningiomas. Extradural meningiomas are rare conditions, accounting for less than 2% of all meningiomas. Primary intraosseous meningioma is used to describe a subset of extradural meningiomas arising from bone. A 46-year-old woman presented with left exophthalmos. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance images revealed an expansile bony lesion in the orbital lateral wall of the left sphenoid bone. The patient underwent craniotomy for excision of the bony lesion. Pathologic examination revealed an intraosseous meningioma.

  14. Ultrasound of the elbow: A systematic approach using bony landmarks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of bony landmarks can be helpful in performing an ultrasound study of the elbow. We discuss bony landmarks that can be used for evaluation of the common extensor tendon, ulnar collateral ligament and common flexor tendon, coronoid and olecranon fossa, ulnar nerve, and biceps tendon. We discuss bony landmarks for each of these structures.

  15. Computed tomography assessment of bone lesions in patients with POEMS syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glazebrook, K.; Johnson, Adam; Leng, S.; Dispenzieri, A. [Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Guerra Bonilla, Francis L. [Hospital Regional Rafael Hernandez, Hematology Division, David, Chiriqui (Panama)

    2014-09-25

    To describe the imaging findings on computed tomography (CT) and skeletal survey (SS) in patients with POEMS syndrome. We retrospectively reviewed, with institutional review board approval, the dysproteinemia database at our institution for patients with new diagnosis of POEMS syndrome between January 1998 and December 2008. Twenty-four patients were identified with PET/CT or CT and had skeletal survey (SS) available for review. Twenty-four patients were included in the study group with median age of 47 years. All CTs demonstrated at least one sclerotic lesion. The most common pattern was multiple small lesions, with 18 patients (75 %) having at least 5 lesions less than 1 cm. The larger lesions had a central lytic component and were FDG avid. SS had a false negative rate of 36 % (8 patients). Serial CT after treatment showed a decrease in size and number of sclerotic lesions in 53 % of cases (13 patients), the majority showing increased sclerosis. Two patients had complete resolution of sclerotic lesions. CT identified sclerotic lesions in all study patients with POEMS syndrome, the majority being less than 1 cm in size, which were not identified radiographically. CT may demonstrate increased sclerosis or even resolution of sclerotic lesions corresponding to treatment response. (orig.)

  16. Clinical observation of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation for refractory glaucoma by directly puncturing the sclerotic tunnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Ke Xu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To observe the clinic effects and complication of Ahmed glaucoma valve(AGVimplantation in refractory glaucoma by using the 23G syringe needle direct puncture the sclerotic tunnel.METHODS: Forty-four cases(44 eyesof refractory glaucoma underwent AGV implantation by useing the 23G syringe needle direct puncture the sclerotic tunnel. The intraocular pressure(IOP, visual acuity, and complication of post-operation were contrasted with those of pre-operation. RESULTS:The success rate was 84.1%, the mean preoperative IOP in research group was 52.1±10.1mmHg, and the last follow up mean IOP was 15.6±6.9mmHg. Compared with the preoperative visual acuity, 11 eyes increased, 27 eyes had no changes and 6 eyes decreased. The main post-operative complications included shallow anterior chamber(4 eyes, choroidal detachment(3 eyes, drainage tube shift(1 eye, hyphema(6 eyes, drainage tube blockage(1 eye, expulsive choroidal hemorrhage(1 eye, and fiber wrap of drainage tray(5 eyes.CONCLUSION: AGV implantation by direct puncture the sclerotic tunnel is feasible and easy. It avoids of making sclerotic petal and the xenogenic sclera transplanting, simplified the operation technique, prevent the leakage of around tube. The shallow anterior chamber rate is lower. It is an effective procedure for refractory glaucoma.

  17. In vitro evaluation of the microhardness of normal and sclerotic bovine dentin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Muassab CASTANHO

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The literature shows different characteristics between normal and sclerotic dentin.Hardness is a property that has been very used to compare restorative materials and biological tissues.Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the hardness clinical characteristics between the normal and the sclerotic bovine dentin, through the microhardness test.Material and methods: 20 bovine teeth were divided in two groups: GI (normal and GII (with characteristics of sclerosis.The teeth were mounted in acrylic resin cylinders with exposure of dentin along the incisal edges. The specimens received finishing and polishing following by storage in distilled water at ambient temperature for 7 days.Microhardness measurements were made using a Vickers indenter microhardness tester under a load of 50 gf for 45 s.In this study 3 areas per specimen were selected and each specimen were selected and each area received 5 indentations, resulting in 15 indentations per specimen. Results: The data were statistically processed using the Student’s t-test.The level of significance was 5%. The results showed no significant differences between the mean values of the two groups (GI: 36.82±9.45; GII:32.4±12.2 (p = 0.383.Conclusion:The normal bovine dentin presented similar microhardness Vickers values to the sclerotic bovine dentin.

  18. Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

  19. Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macanovic, M., E-mail: mladenmaca@gmail.co [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Gangidi, S.; Porter, G.; Brown, S.; Courtney, D. [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Porter, J. [Community Dental Service, Plymouth Primary Care Trust, Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)

    2010-10-15

    Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

  20. Effects of Altered Catecholamine Metabolism on Pigmentation and Physical Properties of Sclerotized Regions in the Silkworm Melanism Mutant

    OpenAIRE

    Qiao, Liang; Li, Yuanhao; Xiong, Gao; Liu, Xiaofan; He, Songzhen; Tong, Xiaoling; Wu, Songyuan; Hu, Hai; Wang, Rixin; Hu, Hongwei; Chen, Lushi; De Zhang, Li; Wu, Jie; Dai, Fangyin; LU, Cheng

    2012-01-01

    Catecholamine metabolism plays an important role in the determination of insect body color and cuticle sclerotization. To date, limited research has focused on these processes in silkworm. In the current study, we analyzed the interactions between catecholamines and melanin genes and their effects on the pigmentation patterns and physical properties of sclerotized regions in silkworm, using the melanic mutant melanism (mln) silkworm strain as a model. Injection of β-alanine into mln mutant si...

  1. Bony orbital distances among the Filipino population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barone, Constance M; Jimenez, David F; Laskey, Antoinette; Alcantara, Briccio G; Braddock, Stephen R

    2002-03-01

    Six hundred and seventy seven radiographs were selected from the logs of films taken in a major hospital in Metro Manila, Philippines over the course of the previous year. Two hundred and eighty-eight female and 389 male, healthy Filipinos between the ages of birth and twenty years were selected based on the availability of a modified Waters' projection and lateral skull film taken at the same time. Measurements for the lateral orbital wall were made at the site of the suture on the medial surface of the zygomatic bone. The medial orbital wall measurement was the distance between the dacrya using a correction factor formula of CF = D-d/D where D is the target film distance and d is the object film distance (1). The actual bony measurements were calculated. The data was gathered and plotted according to sex and in age in years. Graphs were generated using SAS over a graph software. Lines were smooth using cubic spline technique developed by Reinsch with the smoothest value of 75 (2). The mean plus two, four, and six standard deviations were included in each of the curves. PMID:12000883

  2. Posterior segment nucleotomy for dislocated sclerotic cataractous lens using chandelier endoilluminator and sharp tipped chopper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brijesh Takkar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To describe a new surgical technique for managing dislocated sclerotic cataractous lens.METHODS:Six patients with advanced posteriorly dislocated cataracts were operated at a tertiary care centre and analyzed retrospectively. After standard 3 port 23 G pars plana vitrectomy and perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL injection, the dislocated white cataract was held with occlusion using phaco fragmatome and then chopped into smaller pieces with a sharp tipped chopper using 25 G chandelier endoilluminator. Each piece was emulsified individually. Following aspiration of PFCL, Fluid Air Exchange was done in all the cases and surgery completed uneventfully.RESULTS:Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA in all the patients was better than 6/12 after one month of follow up. No serious complications were noted till minimum 6mo of follow up.CONCLUSION:Four port posterior segment nucleotomy with a chandelier endoilluminator, fragmatome and a chopper appears to be a safe, easy and effective procedure for managing dislocated sclerotic cataractous nuclei. Ultrasonic energy used and adverse thermal effects of the fragmatome on the sclera may be lesser.

  3. Direct bony invasion of malignant melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mula Viswanath

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant melanoma is known to spread by local extention, by the lymphatics by the blood stream. Direct invasion of the bone from a cutaneous melanoma is unknown. Hence, this case is presented in view of its rarity. A 75-year-old Caucasian lady presented with a small papillary lesion in the region of a recurrent chronic cellulitis on the lower third of the lateral aspect of the right leg. Histopathology diagnosed the lesion as locally advanced malignant melanoma. Radiological investigations by X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging revealed malignant infiltration of the tibia in its mid and lower third with two soft tissue metastatic masses adjacent. Histology following amputation confirmed malignant melanoma with cranial resection margin involvement. She underwent a further above-knee amputation followed by chemotherapy. The patient recovered from the amputation but subsequently died 6 months later due to bronchopneumonia from lung metastasis.

  4. Fixation of hydroxyapatite-coated revision implants is improved by the surgical technique of cracking the sclerotic bone rim

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmengaard, Brian; Bechtold, Joan E; Chen, X; Søballe, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    Revision joint replacement has poorer outcomes that have been associated with poorer mechanical fixation. We investigate a new bone-sparing surgical technique that locally cracks the sclerotic bone rim formed during aseptic loosening. We inserted 16 hydroxyapatite-coated implants bilaterally in the...... perform a systematic local perforation of the sclerotic bone rim of the revision cavity. After 4 weeks, the hydroxyapatite-coated implants were evaluated for mechanical fixation by a push-out test and for tissue distribution by histomorphometry. The cracking revision procedure resulted in significantly...... improved mechanical fixation, significantly more bone ongrowth and bone volume in the gap, and reduced fibrous tissue compared to the control revision procedure. The study demonstrates that the sclerotic bone rim prevents bone ingrowth and promotes fixation by fibrous tissue. The effect of the cracking...

  5. Factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate the factors influencing diagnostic yield of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) for bone lesions. Materials and methods: Between September 2005 and July 2011, 162 consecutive CT-guided CNB procedures were performed in 155 patients. The variables analysed were age, sex, lesion location, lesion type, lesion size, specimen size, biopsy needle gauge, and individual radiologist. The factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous CNB for bone lesions were determined by multivariate analysis of variables. Results: The diagnostic yield was 81.5%. Diagnostic yield was 89.9% for lytic bone lesions and 48.5% for sclerotic bone lesions (p < 0.001), and 89.2% for lesions ?3 cm and 73.4% for lesions <3 cm (p = 0.010). The significant factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous CNB for bone lesions were lesion type [p < 0.001; odds ratio (OR) for a lytic lesion was approximately 12 times higher than that for a sclerotic lesion; 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.22–34.01], and lesion size (p = 0.012; OR for a lesion size ?3 cm was about five-times higher than that for a lesion size <3 cm; 95% CI: 1.42–16.71). Conclusion: Lesion type and lesion size are determining factors in diagnostic yield. The higher diagnostic yield is correlated with lytic lesion and lesion size ?3 cm

  6. Arthroscopic treatment of bony loose bodies in the subacromial space

    OpenAIRE

    Wei Li; De-Ming Xiao; Chang-qing Jiang; Wen-tao Zhang; Ming Lei

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Multiple bony loose bodies in the subacromial space caused form cartilage or bone cells and continue to grow. Presentation of case: A 58-year-old man with two-year history of swelling and pain of the right shoulder. He had no history of tuberculosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Magnetic resonance (MR) images showed some bony loose bodies in the subacromial space. The removal of loose bodies and bursa debridement were performed arthroscopically. Histological diagnosis of them was...

  7. Multiple bony overgrowths in the mouth - report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kannan, Sathya; Muthusamy, Senthilkumar; Muthu, Kavitha; Sidhu, Preena

    2015-01-01

    Tori and exostoses are benign bony protuberances that arise from bone surfaces in the oral cavity. The etiology of these growths has been implicated as multifactorial, but no consensus has been reached so far. These painless overgrowths seldom present as a complaint in the dental office unless functional or esthetic complications set in, and there is a fear for cancer. Here we discuss two rare cases where bony overgrowths present in the mouth were extensive and multiple. PMID:26811708

  8. Bony fragments in the tarsocrural and metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints in the Standardbred horse - a radiographic survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiographic examination of the tarsocrural, metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints was made in 139 Standardbred horses. Most were under three years old with no history of orthopaedic problems. In the tarsocrural joint, osteochondrosis was observed in 25 (18.1 percent) of the horses (n = 138) and 14 (56 percent) of these were affected bilaterally. In the metatarsophalangeal joint, the most frequent radiographic abnormality was single or multiple bony fragments or defects at the plantar proximal end of the proximal phalanx, which was noticed in 40 (28.8 percent) of the horses (n = 139). The lesion was much more frequent in the hind than in the forelimbs. Ten percent of horses affected in the hindlimbs had the lesions bilaterally. Palmar or plantar fragments wee also more common in the medial, than the lateral, part of the joint. With regard to osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joint and palmar or plantar bony fragments in the metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints, no significant differences in incidence were found between sexes or between left and right sides. There was no correlation between findings of osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joints and the occurrence of bony fragments in the plantar part of the metatarsophalangeal joints. In the forelimbs, bony fragments in the dorsal parts of the metacarpophalangeal joint were noticed in three (2.9 percent) of the horse (n = 103) and the corresponding figure for the metatarsophalangeal joint was three (2.2 percent) (n = 139). In 102 horses, the tarsocrural, the metacarpo- and the metatarsophalangeal joints were radiographed at the same time. One or several joints were affected with osteochondrosis, bony fragments, or defects in underlying bones in 45 (44.1 percent) of these horses. (author)

  9. CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy for bilateral multiple renal cysts: preliminary results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing, aspiration and injection of sclerotic agents (ethanol) in treating bilateral multiple renal cysts. Methods: CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy was performed in 19 patients with bilateral multiple renal cysts. First, under CT guidance the puncture points and puncture routs were decided, then, puncturing, aspiration, rinsing and ethanol injection of the cysts were taken place by turn. The clinical results were analyzed. Results: bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy was successfully completed in all 19 cases. The whole procedure was well tolerated by all patients. The mean operative time was 23 minutes with a range of 20-35 minutes. No severe complications occurred. Conclusion: With proficient manipulation, CT-guided bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy for bilateral multiple renal cysts can be smoothly carried out. The technique can reduced the number of sclerotherapy times, cut down the medical expenses and, therefore, get twofold results with half the effort. (authors)

  10. Between Organism and Sky: Oscar Bony, 1965-1976

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Quiles

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Oscar Bony was a key figure in the generation of avant-garde artists who famously broke with the Instituto Torcuato Di Tella in the wake of censorship at Experiencias ’68. He was also the official photographer for RCA’s affiliate record label in Argentina between 1967 and 1973, producing publicity for a new wave of rock n’ roll bands and solo popular music acts including Los Gatos and Arco Iris. Attending to key phases in his artistic oeuvre as well as close readings of his expertly crafted popular images, this article attempts to bridge these seemingly irreconcilable aspects of Bony’s practice. At first glance, his rock photography, known as el estilo Bony, has little relation to his art, and is perhaps even its political antithesis: “creative” work in the service of a top-down business model. Yet a closer look at both endeavors yields a lasting interplay between flesh and concept—at the grain of the work, a dialectic between incontrovertible index and crafted, calculated image—that was the artist’s central preoccupation in the fraught decade between the military coups. As such, Bony provides an opportunity to recover a category often absent from the Argentine art of this moment: the body, factual and libidinal.

  11. Importance of bony analysis for interpreting ear CT scans: part three; ORL - tomodensitometrie de l'oreille. Interet de l'analyse osseuse dans l'interpretation des scanners de l'oreille (troisieme partie)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serhal, M.; Dordea, M.; Cymbalista, M. [Hopital de Montfermeil, Service de Radiologie, 93 - Montfermeil (France); Halimi, P. [Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Service de Radiologie, 75 - Paris (France); Iffenecker, C. [Clinique Radiologique, 62 - Boulogne sur Mer (France); Bensimon, J.L

    2003-02-01

    The accurate description of bony changes in ear CT scans has a great diagnostic and therapeutic impact. The third part shows the way to analyze bone remodeling when CT scan is performed for tumors in the vicinity of the temporal bone, for intra temporal lesions of the facial nerve and for external auditory canal malformations. It demonstrates how bony analysis should be included in postoperative report of ear CT scan. The importance of bony signs in tumors and pseudo tumors of the inner ear are outlined. (authors)

  12. Antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yinghua, Song; Lubing, Zhu; Ming, Li.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in sclerotic mice. METHODS: Skin fibroblasts that were isolated from three systemic scleroderma (SSc) patients and three healthy subjects were treated with crocetin (0.1, 1 or 10 ?M). Cell proliferation [...] was measured with an MTT assay. Alpha-smooth muscle actin was detected via an immunohistochemical method. Alpha 1 (I) procollagen (COL1A1), alpha 1 (III) procollagen (COL3A1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 mRNA levels were measured using real-time PCR. SSc mice were established by the subcutaneous injection of bleomycin. Crocetin (50 mg/kg/d) was injected intraperitoneally for 14 days. Dermal thickness and lung fibrosis were assessed with Masson's trichrome staining. Plasma ET-1 was detected with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Skin and lung ET-1 and COL1A1 mRNA levels were measured via real-time PCR. RESULTS: Crocetin inhibited the proliferation of SSc and normal fibroblasts, an effect that increased with crocetin concentration and incubation time. Crocetin decreased the expression of ?-SMA and the levels of mRNA for COL1A1, COL3A1 and matrix metalloproteinase-1, while crocetin increased TIMP-1 mRNA levels in both SSc and normal fibroblasts. Skin and lung fibrosis was induced, and the levels of ET-1 in the plasma, skin and lungs were elevated in bleomycin-injected mice. Crocetin alleviated the thickening of the dermis and lung fibrosis; decreased COL1A1 mRNA levels in the skin and lung; and simultaneously decreased ET-1 concentrations in the plasma and ET-1 mRNA levels in the skin and lungs of the bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice, especially during the early phase (weeks 1-3). CONCLUSION: Crocetin inhibits cell proliferation, differentiation and collagen production in SSc fibroblasts. Crocetin alleviates skin and lung fibrosis in a bleomycin-induced SSc mouse model, in part due to a reduction in ET-1.

  13. Arthroscopic treatment of bony loose bodies in the subacromial space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Li

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The mechanism of formation of bony loose bodies is not clear, may be associated with synovial cartilage metaplasia. Arthroscopic removal of loose bodies and bursa debridement is a good option for treatment of the loose body in the subacromial space, which can receive good function.

  14. First Trimester Abortion: A Rare Cause of Intrauterine Bony Spicules

    OpenAIRE

    Anshuja Singla; Bindiya Gupta; Kiran Guleria

    2012-01-01

    Bony fragments in the uterus occur after second trimester termination of pregnancy following retained fetal bones. Very rarely, they can form following first trimester loss. Clinical symptoms range from pain, menstrual symptoms, and infertility. Ultrasound shows a hyperechoic shadow, and treatment is by curettage or hysteroscopic removal.

  15. Bony exostosis of the atlas with resultant cranial nerve palsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of tenth and twelfth nerve compression secondary to a bony exostosis of the first cervical vertebra is described. This uncommon phenomenon serves to outline the importance of imaging the course of a cranial nerve when no intracranial abnormality is demonstrable on CT or MRI. The radiologic features of spinal osteochondromas are reviewed. (orig.)

  16. The detection of sclerotic changes of the coronaries and heart valves by scanning beams (ultrafast computed tomography using EVOLUTION)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the advent of ultrafast computed tomography the range of diagnostic procedures for the quantitative determination of pathological changes in the coronary arteries has been broadened. The calcified coronary plaques found in this study, which in some of the patients were markedly pronounced, gave no immediate clue as to what extent sclerotic changes had already occurred in the coronaries examined. Nor was it possible on the basis of this method to pinpoint the vascular sections showing calcified plaques in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. It may, however, permit careful predictions to be made for patients at a high risk of developing coronary artery disease. Sclerotic changes of the heart values occur with above-average frequency in dialysis patients and may be assessed quantitatively by the method described. The results described show that findings revealed by scanning electron beams may provide indirect information on metabolic processes in patients suffering from chronic ailments. (orig./MG)

  17. Imaging of the hip and bony pelvis. Techniques and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davies, A.M. [Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom). MRI Centre; Johnson, K.J. [Princess of Wales Birmingham Children' s Hospital (United Kingdom); Whitehouse, R.W. (eds.) [Manchester Royal Infirmary (United Kingdom). Dept. of Clinical Radiology

    2006-07-01

    This is a comprehensive textbook on imaging of the bony pelvis and hip joint that provides a detailed description of the techniques and imaging findings relevant to this complex anatomical region. In the first part of the book, the various techniques and procedures employed for imaging the pelvis and hip are discussed in detail. The second part of the book documents the application of these techniques to the diverse clinical problems and diseases encountered. Among the many topics addressed are congenital and developmental disorders including developmental dysplasia of the hip, irritable hip and septic arthritis, Perthes' disease and avascular necrosis, slipped upper femoral epiphysis, bony and soft tissue trauma, arthritis, tumours and hip prostheses. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in the field, and a wealth of illustrative material is included. This book will be of great value to musculoskeletal and general radiologists, orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists. (orig.)

  18. Imaging of the hip and bony pelvis. Techniques and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a comprehensive textbook on imaging of the bony pelvis and hip joint that provides a detailed description of the techniques and imaging findings relevant to this complex anatomical region. In the first part of the book, the various techniques and procedures employed for imaging the pelvis and hip are discussed in detail. The second part of the book documents the application of these techniques to the diverse clinical problems and diseases encountered. Among the many topics addressed are congenital and developmental disorders including developmental dysplasia of the hip, irritable hip and septic arthritis, Perthes' disease and avascular necrosis, slipped upper femoral epiphysis, bony and soft tissue trauma, arthritis, tumours and hip prostheses. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in the field, and a wealth of illustrative material is included. This book will be of great value to musculoskeletal and general radiologists, orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists. (orig.)

  19. Canine hip dysplasia: significance of early bony spurring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is the purpose of this study to call attention to new bone production that often occurs early in the sequence of pathological changes associated with canine hip dysplasia. New bone production extending to bony remodeling, as well as femoral head subluxation, both occur in the sequence of pathologic changes associated with canine hip dysplasia. Subluxation is considered primary, while osteoarthrosis is a secondary feature, and both are used in the diagnosis of canine hip dysplasia. This report concerns the significance of the presence of a solitary bony osteophyte, or spur, that is frequently evident on the caudal aspect of the femoral neck as viewed on the conventional ventrodorsal projection. This report utilizes findings from pelvic radiographs of 605 dogs (five breeds). There was a greater frequency (54%)of this bony change in cases diagnosed radiographically as dysplastic than in cases diagnosed as normal(15%).Thus, it is suggested that this minimal radiographic change can be used as an indicator of early canine hip dysplasia, especially in the absence of subluxation of the femoral head

  20. Selective calcification of rat brain lesions caused by systemic administration of kainic acid

    OpenAIRE

    Gayoso, M.J.; Al-Majdalawi, A.; Garrosa, M.; Calvo, B.; Díaz-Flores, Lucio

    2003-01-01

    Dystrophic calcification of previously damaged areas of nervous tissue occurs in a wide range of human diseases. The relationship between astroglial and microglial reactions and deposits of calcium salts was studied for up to five months in rats with a brain lesion produced by systemic administration of kainate. The morphology and atomic composition of the calcium salt deposits was also studied. Two types of lesions, sclerotic and liquefactive, were observed. I...

  1. Bio-archaeometric analysis of Francisco Pizarro's bony remains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The analysis of the bony pieces of the skeleton attributed to the conquer Francisco Pizarro was continued, with the quantitative determinations of the elements Calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Strontium (Sr) and Lead (Pb) evidence graphically the strong contamination by contact with Pb of the pieces of the head and the punctual contamination of some other pieces, with this same element by handling; besides the contamination by Cu in the pieces pertaining to the extremities has been determined. Finally by means of statistical evaluations of the elements Ca, Cu, Zn and Sr the type of diet of the individual in study is determined. (orig.)

  2. MR imaging of growth plate injury in rabbit: development of bony bridge and pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the MR findings of a development of bony bridge within tunnels drilled across growth plates after injury in immature rabbits, and to correlate the MR and pathological findings. In 19 young rabbits, a growth-plate injury model was constructed in the distal femur by longitudinal drilling with a 5-mm drill. Coronal scans with T1-weighted, T2-weighted fast spin-echo, gradient echo, and gadolinium enhanced T1-weighted sequences were obtained immediately, and at 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks, and 3, 6 months, postoperatively. Each group underwent pathologic examination, and the signal intensity, shape, and enhancement pattern of the drill holes were assessed. All results were correlated with pathologic findings. During the early period, the signal intensity of the defect site varied due to hemorrhage and inflammatory reaction in the lesion, becoming isointense to that of metaphyseal marrow on all sequences during the late period (3 and 6 months). Pathologically, it corresponded to replacement of the osseous bridge with fatty marrow. The new bone formation shown by pathologic examination to be present in the periphery of the defect during the first week corresponded to the vertical dark rim seen on MR images. It appeared during that week and became more distinct, thickening gradually until the fourth week. Enhancement was absent or faint on follow-up immediately after surgery, inhomogeneous and seen in half the rabbits at week 1, and maximal and homogenous at weeks 2 and 3. It had decreased by week 4, and was absent at months 3 and 6. These findings corresponded to the changes in transphyseal vascularity across the drill hole revealed by pathologic examination. The contrast enhancement demonstrated by defective growth plate may indicate the development of vascularity throughout the plate, a phenomenon which precedes the formation of a bony bridge after trauma. (author)

  3. Pediatric bony craniovertebral junction abnormalities: Institutional experience of 10 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S S Kale

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the clinical features and treatment outcome of pediatric patients with bony craniovertebral abnormalities. Materials and Methods: The authors studied 189 consecutive cases of pediatric bony craniovertebral junction abnormalities operated between 2001 and March, 2010. Results: The pathologies were developmental (n = 162, traumatic ( n = 18 and tuberculous (n = 9. Surgical procedures included transoral decompression (n = 118, occipitocervical fusion (OCF, n = 139, C 1 -C 2 fusion (n = 45, and posterior fossa decompression (n = 5. Methods for OCF included contoured stainless steel rods (n = 86, titanium lateral mass screws and plates (n = 47 and steel wires (n = 6. Constructs of all patients of posterior fixation with contoured rods and wires or lateral mass screw and rod who could be followed up were either stable/fused or were fused and stable. No implant failure was noticed among these two surgical procedures. However, 6 patients with C 1-C 2 fusion had broken wires on follow-up requiring repeat posterior fixation. Good neurological outcome was observed even in poor-grade patients. No significant effect on the curvature or growth of the spine was observed at follow-up. Conclusions: Pediatric craniovertebral junction anomalies can be managed successfully with good outcomes using a low cost contoured rod and wires.

  4. The skull base: tumoral lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casselman, Jan W. [AZ Sint-Jan AV Brugge, Brugge (Belgium); AZ Sint-Augustinus, Wilrijk (Belgium)

    2005-03-01

    Many lesions occur in the anterior, central and posterior skull base. In order to detect and characterise them, one has to apply the best imaging technique. Today MR is the preferred technique, and the use of CT is more and more restricted to evaluate the presence of calcifications and involvement of thin bony walls, foramina and fissures. However, MR is only superior when the right sequences and imaging planes are used. Many lesions can be characterised by their specific signal intensity on different sequences and by their location. Nevertheless some lesions can only be characterised after biopsy. The purpose of imaging in skull base tumours remains in the first place the evaluation of the exact tumour extent, and this is again best achieved with MR. In this paper the imaging technique and the most frequent skull base tumours are discussed. (orig.)

  5. The skull base: tumoral lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many lesions occur in the anterior, central and posterior skull base. In order to detect and characterise them, one has to apply the best imaging technique. Today MR is the preferred technique, and the use of CT is more and more restricted to evaluate the presence of calcifications and involvement of thin bony walls, foramina and fissures. However, MR is only superior when the right sequences and imaging planes are used. Many lesions can be characterised by their specific signal intensity on different sequences and by their location. Nevertheless some lesions can only be characterised after biopsy. The purpose of imaging in skull base tumours remains in the first place the evaluation of the exact tumour extent, and this is again best achieved with MR. In this paper the imaging technique and the most frequent skull base tumours are discussed. (orig.)

  6. Imaging pattern of calvarial lesions in adults

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calvarial lesions often present themselves as clinically silent findings on skull radiographs or as palpable masses that may cause localized pain or soreness. This review aims to explore the radiographic, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of calvarial neoplastic, inflammatory, and congenital lesions that are common in adults in order to facilitate a structured approach to their diagnosis and limit the differential diagnosis. In addition to reviewing the literature, we reviewed the records of 141 patients of the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital with radiologically documented calvarial lesions between 2001 and June 2009. CT is ideal for detecting bony lesions and is helpful in precisely localizing a lesion pre-surgically. MRI is best at identifying intradiploic lesions before they affect the cortical tables and is able to establish extraosseous involvement, especially when paramagnetic contrast is employed. (orig.)

  7. Multidetector computed tomography evaluation of bony fragments and donor sites in acute patellar dislocation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Patellar dislocation is frequently associated with bony fragments that are difficult to see on radiographs. MRI or MDCT are often used to rule out or characterize these bony fragments. Purpose: To assess the use of MDCT for locating bony fragments and donor sites in patients with acute patellar dislocation, and to test whether sizes and quantity of bony fragments differ between first-time dislocations and recurrent dislocations. Material and Methods: Retrospective data from two hospitals during a 96-month period were collected, and a total of 46 patients (mean age 27 years, range 9-69 years) that had sustained an acute patellar dislocation (22 first-time, 24 recurrent) were identified. Size, location and donor site of bony fragments were evaluated on MDCT images. Surgical correlation was available for 22 of 46 patients. Results: On MDCT images, the likely donor site could be identified in 62 of 71 (87%) bony fragments. Of the bony fragments that were seen on MDCT images, 40 of 68 (59%) were not seen on AP and lateral views of the conventional radiographs. There was no significant difference in size of bony fragments between first-time or recurrent dislocators (p 0.77). The average number of bony fragments were 2.1 and 1.0 in first-time and recurrent dislocators, respectively. The location and donor site of bony fragments was similar between two patients groups. Conclusion: MDCT is a suitable imaging method to locate bony fragments and donor sites. The number of bony fragments seems to be higher in first-time dislocators than recurrent dislocators, otherwise findings between the two patient groups were similar

  8. Imaging of painful solitary lesions of the sacrum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In patients with sacral pain, the painful symptoms may be caused by a variety of bony and soft tissue lesions. Benign lesions include giant cell tumour, neurogenic tumour, insufficiency fracture, infection and giant bone island. Malignant lesions include primary bone tumours, Ewing sarcoma, plasmacytoma, lymphoma and chordoma. Soft tissue tumours adjacent to or involving the sacrum may cause painful symptoms. A multimodality approach to imaging is required for full assessment of these lesions. This pictorial essay describes a range of common solitary sacral lesions that may cause pain, with emphasis on imaging features

  9. Bony injuries in trauma patients diagnosed by radiological examination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was carried out to determine the incidence of bony injuries in trauma patients who had plain radiographs done at the Central Regional Hospital in Cape Coast. This is a retrospective study based on plain radiographs taken by trauma patients who reported to the Central Regional Hospital. The case notes of all patients with a discharge diagnosis of Road Traffic Accident or trauma of all aetiologies that presented to the hospital between January 2005 and December 2011 were retrieved, and those patients that had skeletal radiographic examinations were included in this study. The total number of cases seen was 1,133. The ages of the patients ranged between 1 and 72 years. Sixty-nine (6.1%) of the patients were between 1 and 4 years old, with the majority between 20 and 49 years old, constituting 52.3%, with patients 60 years and above at 9.2%. There was statistically significant difference between male and female patients (p=0.001). A total of 912 (80.5%) patients had radiographic examination done out of which only 324 (35.5%) radiographs could be retrieved. There were 106 (32.7%) radiographs with various bony injuries which was statistically significant (p=0.001). Rib fractures represented 19/106 (17.9%) of which 62.5% had multiple rib fractures. Fifty-eight (54.7%) had long bone fractures. Other anatomical sites included the pelvis and the skull. Conclusion: Trauma is a major public health problem in the country, involving mainly the productive age group. Unnecessary exposure to X-rays is common. Inadequate management of trauma patients negatively impacts on the outcome of trauma patients. Trauma prevention is the best way forward.(au)

  10. POEMS syndrome : two cases report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Eun Young; Yang, Ik; Lee, Kyung Won; Lee, Yul; Chung, Soo Young; Lee, Eil Seoung [Hallym Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-07-01

    Two patients with an unusual multisystemic syndrome characterized by polyneuropathy, organomegaly(especially hepatosplenomegaly), endocrine dysfunction, M-protein, and skin abnormalities(POEMS syndrome) are discussed.Characteristic radiographic features include hepatosplenomegaly, lymph node enlargement, sclerotic bony lesions,and a peculiar variety of bony proliferation.

  11. Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials. (author)

  12. Reliability of bony landmarks for restoration of the joint line in revision knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servien, Elvire; Viskontas, Darius; Giuffrè, Bruno M; Coolican, Myles R J; Parker, David A

    2008-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of bone landmarks for restoring the joint line in revision knee arthroplasty. The relationship of the femoral epicondyles, the tibial tubercle (TT) and the fibular head (FH) to the joint line was measured on 200 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, 100 females, 100 males), including assessment on intraobserver and interobserver reliability. MRI scans demonstrating chondral lesions and osteoarthritis were excluded, as were patients with immature skeletons or a history of previous knee surgery. Sequences in sagittal, coronal and axial planes were used as well as cross-referencing with the same computer software. In order to account for size differences between patients, each bony landmark measurement was converted to a ratio relative to the femoral or/and tibial width. We found a transepicondylar axis equal to 3.11 degrees (+/-1.9). The average distance from the epicondyles to the joint line was respectively 23 mm on the lateral side and 28 mm on the medial side. However there was a variation of distance from the epicondyles of the joint line up to 11 mm and a significative difference was found between male and female. We determined the distances from the tip of the FH and from the TT to the joint line. The joint line-FH distance averaged 14 mm (range 4.1-22.13) with no gender difference. The joint line-TT distance was averaged 22 mm (range 10.61-32.09). We determined an epicondylar ratio (distance from the lateral epicondyle to the joint line related to the femoral width). We found this ratio averaged 28% with no gender difference (P = 0.09). There is a large variation of bony landmarks depending on the size of the individual. Considering this findings, the FH is not a reliable guide for the joint line in revision surgery. Previous studies have measured the absolute values from various landmarks to the joint line. This study provides a significant advantage, in that the level of the joint line can be determined for each individual by using a ratio to account for gender and size differences. PMID:18046537

  13. Viral vaccines for bony fish: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salgado-Miranda, Celene; Loza-Rubio, Elizabeth; Rojas-Anaya, Edith; García-Espinosa, Gary

    2013-05-01

    Since 1970, aquaculture production has grown. In 2010, it had an annual average rate of 6.3% with 59.9 million tons of product and soon could exceed capture fisheries as a source of fishery products. However, the occurrence of viral diseases continues to be a significant limiting factor and its control is important for the development of this sector. In aquaculture farms, fish are reared under intensive culture conditions, and the use of viral vaccines has enabled an increase in production. Several types of vaccines and strategies of vaccination have been developed; however, this approach has not reached the expected goals in the most susceptible stage (fingerlings). Currently, there are inactivated and recombinant commercial vaccines, mainly for salmonids and cyprinids. In addition, updated genomic and proteomic technology has expedited the research and expansion of new vaccine models, such as those comprised of subunits or DNA. The objective of this review is to cover the various types of viral vaccines that have been developed and are available for bony fishes, as well as the advantages and challenges that DNA vaccines present for massive administration in a growing aquaculture, possible risks for the environment, the controversy regarding genetically modified organisms and possible acceptance by consumers. PMID:23659303

  14. Conformational comparisons among homologous bony fish 5S ribosomal RNAs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishigaki, H; Sugai, S

    1990-02-01

    The reversible thermal melting of homologous 5S ribosomal RNAs of three bony fishes, rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri), carp (Cyprinus carpio), and dog salmon (Onchorhynchus keta), were compared in aqueous salts (sodium chloride and/or divalent metal chlorides) by means of differential optical absorption at 260 and 280 nm, and c.d. at 265 nm. The melting parameters of the multiphasic melting process were conserved among the homologous RNAs, and it was shown that they did not depend on the methods of measurement but on concentrations of [Na+] and of [metal2+]. Other physicochemical methods, such as FT-IR absorption, gave the same melting profiles as the u.v. methods. The c.d. spectrum was homologous among the ribosomal RNAs. The melting is explained by changes in local structures in the 'consensus secondary structure model'. Also, stabilization of the secondary and tertiary structures by binding of Mg2+ and Ca2+, and the catalysed hydrolysis of the main chains by various divalent ions are discussed. PMID:2083239

  15. Bleomycin-induced epithelial–mesenchymal transition in sclerotic skin of mice: Possible role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) derived myofibroblasts are partly responsible for the increased collagen synthesis and deposition that occur in tissue fibrosis; however EMT occurrence in skin fibrosis and its mechanism remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether epithelial cells undergo EMT and determine the role of oxidative stress in this process. BALB/c mice were subcutaneously injected with bleomycin (BLM) or phosphate buffer saline (PBS) into the shaved back daily for 2, 3, and 4 weeks. Skin collagen deposition was evaluated by histopathology and Western blotting. EMT characteristics in the skin were determined by histopathology and immunofluorescent staining for E-cadherin and vimentin, which were further evaluated by Western blotting and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). To investigate the role of oxidative stress in EMT, the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was intraperitoneally (100 mg/kg body weight/day) injected daily for 3 weeks. The epithelial suprabasal cells were detached from the basement membrane zone (BMZ) in the sclerotic skin treated with BLM. Immunofluorescent staining indicated vimentin-positive epithelial cells frequently occurring in the thickened epidermis of BLM-treated mice. Western blotting and RT-PCR showed that the expression of E-cadherin was significantly decreased but that of vimentin significantly increased in the skin treated with BLM. NAC attenuated BLM induced oxidative damage, changes in E-cadherin and vimentin expressions and collagen deposition in the sclerotic skin of mice. This study provides the first evidence that BLM induces the EMT of the epithelial cells superficial to the basement membrane zone in the skin fibrosis. Oxidative stress may contribute, at least in part, to BLM induced EMT and skin fibrosis in mice. - Highlights: • We provided the first evidence that EMT occurred in BLM-induced skin fibrosis. • Epithelial cells superficial to the BMZ underwent EMT in BLM-induced skin fibrosis. • NAC attenuated EMT induction in the process of BLM-induced skin fibrosis. • NAC didn't significantly inhibit TGF-β expression in BLM-induced skin fibrosis

  16. CT image evaluation of the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement after total hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluated the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement of the proximal femur on the pelvis after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images of 90 deg hip flexion were used to simulate the internal rotation limit against safety limits measured intraoperatively. Ninety joints in 86 subjects (12 men and 74 women) underwent THA for the treatment of secondary coxarthrosis. The correlation between the internal rotation limit prior to the bony impingement intraoperatively and the simulated internal rotation angle on the reconstructed CT image was statistically significant. We provide a new method to simulate the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement based on postoperative CT. (author)

  17. CT image evaluation of the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement after total hip arthroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Koji; Matsubara, Masaaki; Morita, Sadao; Muneta, Takeshi; Shinomiya, Ken-ichi [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-07-01

    This study evaluated the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement of the proximal femur on the pelvis after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images of 90 deg hip flexion were used to simulate the internal rotation limit against safety limits measured intraoperatively. Ninety joints in 86 subjects (12 men and 74 women) underwent THA for the treatment of secondary coxarthrosis. The correlation between the internal rotation limit prior to the bony impingement intraoperatively and the simulated internal rotation angle on the reconstructed CT image was statistically significant. We provide a new method to simulate the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement based on postoperative CT. (author)

  18. Algodystrophy in children and young adults with isotopic bony hypofixation. A propos of 5 observations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report 5 observations of young adults 3 teen-agers and 2 children suffering from algodystrophy, and in whom isotopic exploration of the skeleton disclosed a clear bony hypofixation during the entire evolution. These observations confirm their 1981 work concerning a young adult suffering from algodystrophy with isotopic bony hypofixation. Recent Canadian and American studies emphasize also the frequency of isotopic hypofixation in children algodystrophy. It seems, therefore, that isotopic bony hypofixation (linked perhaps to a decreased blood flow), is rather specific of algodystrophy in young subjects

  19. Unusual cause of generalized osteolytic vertebral lesions: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanda Sudip

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Vertebral sarcoidosis is an extremely rare form of osseous sarcoidosis. Although osseous sarcoidosis is almost always an incidental finding of sarcoidosis elsewhere in the body, vertebrae may be the primary disease site. Involvement of vertebrae is usually localized and sclerotic or lytic. Case presentation We describe a case of extensive asymptomatic vertebral involvement by sarcoid with osteolytic lesions. Making the diagnosis requires biopsy and ruling out other commoner causes of osteolytic vertebral lesions. Conclusion We report this case in the hope of expanding the knowledge of osseous sarcoidosis. Our patient was unique in that all involvement was axial with sparing of the peripheral skeleton, near absence of any other organ involvement, diffuse involvement of the whole spine and osteolytic bone lesions.

  20. The paediatric wrist revisited - findings of bony depressions in healthy children on radiographs compared to MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avenarius, Derk M.F.; Eldevik, Petter [University Hospital North Norway, Department of Radiology, Tromsoe (Norway); Ording Mueller, Lil-Sofie [University Hospital North Norway, Department of Radiology, Tromsoe (Norway); Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Owens, Catherine M. [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); University College London, Institute of Child Health, London (United Kingdom); Rosendahl, Karen [Haukeland University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bergen (Norway); University of Bergen, Department of Surgical Sciences, Bergen (Norway); Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom)

    2012-07-15

    The presence of erosions is used for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Assessment of carpal bone erosions in children is challenging due to lack of normal references. To define normal appearances of bony depressions in the wrist on radiographs and MRI. MRI and radiography of the wrist were performed in 88 healthy children, 5-15 years of age. We assessed the number of bony depressions within the carpals/proximal metacarpals on both modalities, separately and combined. A total of 75 carpal depressions were identified on radiography compared to 715 on MRI. The number of bony depressions identified radiographically showed no statistically significant difference across age-groups. Within the metacarpals, there was no significant difference between bony depressions identified by MRI or radiography, except at the bases of the second metacarpal. Bony depressions that resemble erosions are normal findings in the wrist in children. MRI identifies more depressions than radiographs in the carpus. Some bony depressions occur at typical locations and should be accounted for when assessing the wrist in JIA to avoid overstaging. (orig.)

  1. Weight bearing influence on knee joint bony contact movements: an in vivo video-fluoroscopy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, C K; Yao, N K; Liu, H C

    1997-01-01

    In order to understand the effects of body weight-bearing on knee joint bony contact movements, a video-fluoroscopic digitizing system with in vivo human knee extension-flexion motions of 12 healthy adults under body weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing conditions was studied. These 12 subjects were equally separated into two groups consisting of a body weight-bearing group and a non-weight-bearing group. Video-fluoroscopic images were digitized to get three parameters from the knee joint bony geometry. These three parameters were the radius of rotation, the are length of rotation, and the contact point of the tibiofemoral joint, and they were used to decide the knee joint bony contact status of the sliding, spinning and rocking motions. The results showed that the knee bony contact movements under body weight-bearing conditions had about 4 times the incidence rate of the sliding motion under non-weight-bearing conditions. The incidence rate of the sliding motion was greatest when the knee flexion was less than 30 degrees. The knee bony contact movements under non-weight-bearing conditions had a larger spinning motion incidence rate and smaller rocking motion incidence rate than they did under weight-bearing conditions. The larger spinning motion incidence rate when the knee joint flexion was greater than 60 degrees. In conclusion, the body weight-bearing factor should be considered in studying knee joint bony contact movements. PMID:9208483

  2. The paediatric wrist revisited - findings of bony depressions in healthy children on radiographs compared to MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presence of erosions is used for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Assessment of carpal bone erosions in children is challenging due to lack of normal references. To define normal appearances of bony depressions in the wrist on radiographs and MRI. MRI and radiography of the wrist were performed in 88 healthy children, 5-15 years of age. We assessed the number of bony depressions within the carpals/proximal metacarpals on both modalities, separately and combined. A total of 75 carpal depressions were identified on radiography compared to 715 on MRI. The number of bony depressions identified radiographically showed no statistically significant difference across age-groups. Within the metacarpals, there was no significant difference between bony depressions identified by MRI or radiography, except at the bases of the second metacarpal. Bony depressions that resemble erosions are normal findings in the wrist in children. MRI identifies more depressions than radiographs in the carpus. Some bony depressions occur at typical locations and should be accounted for when assessing the wrist in JIA to avoid overstaging. (orig.)

  3. Effect of the application time of phosphoric acid and self-etch adhesive systems to sclerotic dentin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Patricia Mena-Serrano

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the effect of application time on the resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS and etching pattern of adhesive systems applied on sclerotic dentine. Material and Methods: A total of forty-two bovine incisors had their roots removed. The 1-step self-etch GO (SDI, the 2-step self-etch Adper SE Bond (3MESPE and the 35% phosphoric acid (3MESPE from the 2-step etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (3MESPE were applied on the bovine incisal surfaces according to the manufacturer's instructions or duplicating the recommended conditioning time. After adhesive application, thirty teeth were restored with composite resin, stored for 24 h in distilled water at 37°C, and sectioned into resin-dentin bonded sticks (0.8 mm 2 and tested according to the µTBS at 0.5 mm/min. The etching pattern of the remaining twelve teeth (n=4 for each material was examined under scanning electron microscopy. Each tooth was divided into a buccal-to-lingual direction into three thirds, and each third randomly assigned to the groups: control (no treatment, according to the manufacturers' instructions and duplicating the recommended application time. The µTBS and the relative percentage of the tubule area opening were evaluated by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests (?=0.05. Results: The duplication of the conditioning time favored only the GO adhesive (p<0.05. Both application methods significantly increased the tubule area opening (p<0.05 compared to the controls. Conclusions: The efficacy of duplicating the conditioning time was only effective for the 1-step self-etch adhesive system tested.

  4. Frecuencia y descripción de lesiones óseas en el tronco y su correlación con las lesiones en tejidos blandos, causadas por proyectil de arma de fuego, en una muestra de necropsias realizadas en el Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses, regional Bogotá 2008–2009 / Frequency and description of bony injuries in the trunk and his correlation with the injuries in soft tissues, caused by missile of firearm, in a sample of autopsies realized in the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, regional Bogotá 2008-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Garzón Rodríguez, Néstor Raúl

    2009-01-01

    Este estudio presenta los resultados de la revisión de 306 reportes de necropsias medicolegales practicadas a cadáveres cuyas muertes fueron causadas por proyectil de arma de fuego, con el objetivo de determinar la frecuencia y las características de las lesiones sufridas en el tronco. La muestra correspondía en un 94.5% a cuerpos de genero masculino, con grupos de edad predominante entre 20 y 39 años. El número de disparos vario entre 1 y 14 impactos por cada cuerpo, siendo los mas frecuente...

  5. Bony labyrinth shape variation in extant Carnivora: a case study of Musteloidea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grohé, Camille; Tseng, Z Jack; Lebrun, Renaud; Boistel, Renaud; Flynn, John J

    2016-03-01

    The bony labyrinth provides a proxy for the morphology of the inner ear, a primary cognitive organ involved in hearing, body perception in space, and balance in vertebrates. Bony labyrinth shape variations often are attributed to phylogenetic and ecological factors. Here we use three-dimensional (3D) geometric morphometrics to examine the phylogenetic and ecological patterns of variation in the bony labyrinth morphology of the most species-rich and ecologically diversified traditionally recognized superfamily of Carnivora, the Musteloidea (e.g. weasels, otters, badgers, red panda, skunks, raccoons, coatis). We scanned the basicrania of specimens belonging to 31 species using high-resolution X-ray computed micro-tomography (?CT) to virtually reconstruct 3D models of the bony labyrinths. Labyrinth morphology is captured by a set of six fixed landmarks on the vestibular and cochlear systems, and 120 sliding semilandmarks, slid at the center of the semicircular canals and the cochlea. We found that the morphology of this sensory structure is not significantly influenced by bony labyrinth size, in comparisons across all musteloids or in any of the individual traditionally recognized families (Mephitidae, Procyonidae, Mustelidae). PCA (principal components analysis) of shape data revealed that bony labyrinth morphology is clearly distinguishable between musteloid families, and permutation tests of the Kmult statistic confirmed that the bony labyrinth shows a phylogenetic signal in musteloids and in most mustelids. Both the vestibular and cochlear regions display morphological differences among the musteloids sampled, associated with the size and curvature of the semicircular canals, angles between canals, presence or absence of a secondary common crus, degree of lateral compression of the vestibule, orientation of the cochlea relative to the semicircular canals, proportions of the cochlea, and degree of curvature of its turns. We detected a significant ecological signal in the bony labyrinth shape of musteloids, differentiating semi-aquatic taxa from non-aquatic ones (the taxa assigned to terrestrial, arboreal, semi-arboreal, and semi-fossorial categories), and a significant signal for mustelids, differentiating the bony labyrinths of terrestrial, semi-arboreal, arboreal, semi-fossorial and semi-aquatic species from each other. Otters and minks are distinguished from non-aquatic musteloids by an oval rather than circular anterior canal, sinuous rather than straight lateral canal, and acute rather than straight angle between the posterior and lateral semicircular canals - each of these morphological characters has been related previously to animal sensitivity for detecting head motion in space. PMID:26577069

  6. MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    C, Minné; MD, Velleman; FE, Suleman.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension [...] and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo spin echo (PDW TSE) and proton density weighted turbo spin echo fat saturation (PDW TSE FS) sequences of four cases of cyclops lesions, and distinguish between the MRI findings of large and small lesions. We also describe a cyclops lesion after a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, not described in literature before.

  7. Severe bony ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint on one side and contralateral adhesion: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Ji Young [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seong Gon; Choi, Hang Moon [School of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyun Jung [Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Bony fusion between the mandibular condyle and skull base involves temporomandibular joint (TMJ) bony ankylosis. This condition might originate from trauma, infection, or systemic disease. TMJ adhesion can develop after synovial damage. Both TMJ ankylosis and adhesion lead to functional impairment and pain. Here, we present a case of a 50-year-old female who had bony ankylosis of the right TMJ and adhesion of the left TMJ. She had otitis media in the right ear. A large mass in the right TMJ was observed on computed tomograph. Magnetic resonance image showed a large fused bone mass with normal bone marrow in the right TMJ and flattening of the condyle with a thin disk in the left TMJ. Gap arthroplasty with temporal fascia was performed on the right TMJ, and discectomy, high condylectomy, and coronoidectomy were performed on the left TMJ. During a 2-year follow-up after surgery, the patient had no recurrence.

  8. Incidence of dehiscence of the bony roof of the superior semicircular canal by CT imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dehiscence of the bony roof of the superior semicircular canal (SSCC) is rare, but it has been recognized by otologists since Minor et al first described superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS). In this study, dehiscence of the bony roof of SSCC was incidentally detected in three patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo out of 49 serial patients with vertigo and dizziness by multi-slice computed tomography. Although detection of dehiscence of the SSCC by ultra-high-resolution CT imaging of the temporal bones has been required for a diagnosis of SCDS, this study showed that dehiscence of the bony roof of the SSCC can be an incidental finding and therefore is not specific for SCDS. (author)

  9. Epidermal cyst of the bony external auditory canal in an adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihshan Ali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available To present a rare case of epidermal cyst of the bony external auditory canal (EAC in an adult. Epidermal cyst of the bony EAC, although very rare, should be kept in the list of differential diagnosis of a skin-lined mass of the EAC. Epidermal cyst is very rare in the EAC. Only two cases of epidermoid cyst arising from the bony EAC are reported previously in English, but both were in pediatric age group. Epidermal cyst in EAC in adult patients may be confused with masses that are commonly seen, and these include osteomas, exostosis, ear polyps, carcinomas, etc. Epidermal cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of a patient with an ear mass.

  10. Tuberculosis of the skull mimicking a bony tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosli, Fadzlishah Johanabas; Haron, Rahmat

    2016-01-01

    We present a rare case of calvarial tuberculosis mimicking a solitary bone tumor, which was surgically removed. A 52-year-old female presented with a right forehead swelling, which gradually enlarged over the course of 2 years, with no symptoms or raised intracranial pressure or neurological deficits. Plain and contrast-enhanced brain computed tomography scans were done, revealing a punched-out lesion of the right frontal bone, with a nonenhancing lytic mass. With an initial diagnosis of an intraosseous meningioma, and later on intraoperatively thought to be a metastatic tumor, the mass was excised along with a rim of bone. Histopathological examination results came back as caseous necrosis, highly suggestive of tuberculosis. The patient was then treated with a 1 year regimen of anti-tuberculous medications. Tuberculosis of the cranium is a rare entity, and can mimic tumors or multiple myeloma. A high index of suspicion and knowledge is required for an early diagnosis. A combined surgical and medical therapy is curative.

  11. Bony expansion in skeletal metastases from carcinoma of the prostate as seen by bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carcinoma of the prostate often metastasizes to the skeletal system, the usual radiologic pattern being widespread patchy areas of increased density without change in the contour of the involved bones. Radionuclide correlation generally shows multiple foci of increased tracer activity. Less commonly, there is bony sclerosis with expansion of the diameter of the involved bone. Several cases of expansile skeletal metastases from carcinoma of the prostate have appeared in the literature but we know of no published descriptions of the radionuclide findings. We present three patients with carcinoma of the prostate who had skeletal metastases with evidence of bony expansion on both roentgenographic and radionuclide examination. 15 references, 8 figures

  12. Melorheostosis of the hand with complicating bony spur formation and bursal inflammation: diagnosis and treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 37-year old woman presented with intolerable pain associated with a slowly growing mass on the dorsum of the right hand. The radiographs were characteristic of melorheostosis involving the third and fourth metacarpals, with a cortical bony projection extending from the base of the third metacarpal eroding slightly into the fourth metacarpal, associated with bursal formation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an inflamed bursal collection adjacent to the spur. This region corresponded to the patient's severe clinical, focal pain. To our knowledge, this is the first case report in which melorheostosis of the hand has been associated with bony spur formation and complicated by an inflamed bursa. (orig.)

  13. A new flea, Ectinorus (Ectinorus) insignis n. sp. (Siphonaptera, Rhopalopsyllidae, Parapsyllinae), with notes on the subgenus Ectinorus in Chile and comments on unciform sclerotization in the superfamily Malacopsylloidea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaucournu, Jean-Claude; Belaz, Sorya; Muñoz-Léal, Sebastián; González-Acuña, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    A list is provided for the species of Ectinorus sensu stricto from Chile. Ectinorus (Ectinorus) insignis n. sp. is described from Chile: this species is characterized by the male genitalia. In the subgenus Ectinorus, the authors report the presence in Chile of E. pilosus Beaucournu & Carmen Castro, 2002 described from Argentina and E. simonsi (Rothschild, 1904) described from Bolivia but also known from Peru. A female neallotype is designated for E. ineptus Johnson, 1957. "Unciform sclerotization" is noted and illustrated for the first time, in all Malacopsylloidea, and a list is given for all studied species. PMID:24125080

  14. A new flea, Ectinorus (Ectinorus) insignis n. sp. (Siphonaptera, Rhopalopsyllidae, Parapsyllinae), with notes on the subgenus Ectinorus in Chile and comments on unciform sclerotization in the superfamily Malacopsylloidea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    A list is provided for the species of Ectinorus sensu stricto from Chile. Ectinorus (Ectinorus) insignis n. sp. is described from Chile: this species is characterized by the male genitalia. In the subgenus Ectinorus, the authors report the presence in Chile of E. pilosus Beaucournu & Carmen Castro, 2002 described from Argentina and E. simonsi (Rothschild, 1904) described from Bolivia but also known from Peru. A female neallotype is designated for E. ineptus Johnson, 1957. “Unciform sclerotization” is noted and illustrated for the first time, in all Malacopsylloidea, and a list is given for all studied species. PMID:24125080

  15. Role of Fresh Osteochondral Allografts for Large Talar Osteochondral Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Christopher E; Adams, Samuel B; Easley, Mark E; Nunley, James A

    2016-01-01

    Osteochondral lesions of the talus, large or small, present a challenge to the treating orthopaedic surgeon. These cartilage and bony defects can cause substantial pain and functional disability. Surgical treatment of small lesions of the talus has been thoroughly explored and includes retrograde drilling, arthroscopic débridement and marrow stimulation, osteochondral autografting from cartilage/bone unit harvested from the ipsilateral knee (mosaicplasty), and autologous chondrocyte implantation. Although each of these reparative, replacement, or regenerative techniques has various degrees of success, they may be insufficient for the treatment of large osteochondral lesions of the talus. Large-volume osteochondral lesions of the talus (>1.5 cm in diameter or area >150 mm) often involve sizable portions of the weight-bearing section of the talar dome, medially or laterally. To properly treat these osteochondral lesions of the talus, a fresh structural osteochondral allograft is a viable treatment option. PMID:26589459

  16. Effect of disc displacement on the bony change and disc configuration of TMJ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jin Hoa; Lee, Wan; Lee, Byung Do [Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-03-15

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of TMJ disc displacement on the TMJ disc configuration and surrounding osseous structure. The proton density and T2-weighted MR images of 57 TMJs were retrospectively studied. These TMJs were divided into three groups according to the anterior disc displacement status an MR sagittal images, those were the normal, anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADWR), anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADWOR). The frequency of disc configuration and surrounding bony change, the border status between articular disc and retrodiscal tissue were investigated according to the positional change of articular disc. There were significant statistical differences of chi-square of TMJ disc configurational type between normal and ADWR/ADWOR group, respectively. Surrounding bony change frequently appeared in ADWOR and a statistically significant difference of chi-square statistics of bony change frequency between normal and ADWOR group was observed. These results suggested that the disc configuration and bony change of TMJ are strongly related to TMJ disc displacement.

  17. Another CT sign of sinonasal polyposis: truncation of the bony middle turbinate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang, E.Y. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Lam, W.W.M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Woo, J.K.S. [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Hasselt, C.A. van [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Metreweli, C. [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong)

    1996-08-01

    In order to study the features of sinonasal polyposis (SNP) on CT, 100 consecutive coronal sinus CT examinations done for chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease were reviewed. The CT findings of the 27 fully documented SNPs were analyzed. All our SNPs were bilateral. There was a strong tendency for extensive involvement. Nasal polyps were seen in 22 of 27(81 %); bony trabecular deossification in 23 of 27 (85 %); widening of infundibulum in 26 of 27(96 %). We discovered a new sign ``truncation of the bony middle turbinate``, where the bulbous part of bony middle turbinate was missing, in 15 of 26 (58 %) of SNP patients without a previous history of middle turbinectomy, 12 of 15(80 %) were bilateral. The one SNP patient (1 of 27) with previous middle turbinectomy was not regarded to be real truncation. Truncation of the bony middle turbinate is a characteristic and easily recognizable ancillary sign, and is not seen in other patterns of sinusitis. Together with other features on coronal sinus CT, this adds diagnostic confidence in diagnosing sinonasal polyposis. (orig.). With 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Condylar bony changes in patients with temporomandibular disorders: a CBCT study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Diagnosis of osteoarthritis most commonly depends on clinical and radiographic findings. The present study attempted to observe the bony changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) patients from all age groups. The first-visit clinical records and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data of 440 TMJs from 220 consecutive TMJ patients were reviewed retrospectively. The most frequent condylar bony change observed was sclerosis (133 joints, 30.2%) followed by surface erosion (129 joints, 29.3%), flattening of the articular surface (112 joints, 25.5%), and deviation in form (58 joints, 13.2%), which included 33 TMJs in a cane-shape, 16 with a lateral or medial pole depression, 6 with posterior condylar surface flattening, and 3 with a bifid-shaped condyle. Fifty-three joints (12.0%) showed hypoplastic condyles but only 1 joint showed hyperplasia. Osteophyte was found in 35 joints (8.0%) and subcortical cyst in 24 joints (5.5%), 5 of which had surface erosion as well. One hundred nineteen joints (27.0%) had only one kind of condylar bony change, 66 joints (15.0%) had two, 52 joints (11.8%) had three, 12 joints (5.0%) had four, and 6 joints (1.4%) had five kinds of condylar bony changes at the same time. Eighty-five (65.9%) of 129 joints with surface erosion had pain recorded at the chief complaint. With more widespread use of CBCT, more specific or detailed guidelines for osteoarthritis are needed.

  19. Condylar bony changes in patients with temporomandibular disorders: a CBCT study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diagnosis of osteoarthritis most commonly depends on clinical and radiographic findings. The present study attempted to observe the bony changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) patients from all age groups. The first-visit clinical records and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data of 440 TMJs from 220 consecutive TMJ patients were reviewed retrospectively. The most frequent condylar bony change observed was sclerosis (133 joints, 30.2%) followed by surface erosion (129 joints, 29.3%), flattening of the articular surface (112 joints, 25.5%), and deviation in form (58 joints, 13.2%), which included 33 TMJs in a cane-shape, 16 with a lateral or medial pole depression, 6 with posterior condylar surface flattening, and 3 with a bifid-shaped condyle. Fifty-three joints (12.0%) showed hypoplastic condyles but only 1 joint showed hyperplasia. Osteophyte was found in 35 joints (8.0%) and subcortical cyst in 24 joints (5.5%), 5 of which had surface erosion as well. One hundred nineteen joints (27.0%) had only one kind of condylar bony change, 66 joints (15.0%) had two, 52 joints (11.8%) had three, 12 joints (5.0%) had four, and 6 joints (1.4%) had five kinds of condylar bony changes at the same time. Eighty-five (65.9%) of 129 joints with surface erosion had pain recorded at the chief complaint. With more widespread use of CBCT, more specific or detailed guidelines for osteoarthritis are needed.

  20. Another CT sign of sinonasal polyposis: truncation of the bony middle turbinate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to study the features of sinonasal polyposis (SNP) on CT, 100 consecutive coronal sinus CT examinations done for chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease were reviewed. The CT findings of the 27 fully documented SNPs were analyzed. All our SNPs were bilateral. There was a strong tendency for extensive involvement. Nasal polyps were seen in 22 of 27(81 %); bony trabecular deossification in 23 of 27 (85 %); widening of infundibulum in 26 of 27(96 %). We discovered a new sign ''truncation of the bony middle turbinate'', where the bulbous part of bony middle turbinate was missing, in 15 of 26 (58 %) of SNP patients without a previous history of middle turbinectomy, 12 of 15(80 %) were bilateral. The one SNP patient (1 of 27) with previous middle turbinectomy was not regarded to be real truncation. Truncation of the bony middle turbinate is a characteristic and easily recognizable ancillary sign, and is not seen in other patterns of sinusitis. Together with other features on coronal sinus CT, this adds diagnostic confidence in diagnosing sinonasal polyposis. (orig.). With 4 figs., 2 tabs

  1. Clival Lesion incidentally discovered on cone-beam computed tomography: A case report and review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An osteolytic lesion with a small central area of mineralization and sclerotic borders was discovered incidentally in the clivus on the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of a 27-year-old male patient. This benign appearance indicated a primary differential diagnosis of non-aggressive lesions such as fibro-osseous lesions and arrested pneumatization. Further, on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion showed a homogenously low T1 signal intensity with mild internal enhancement after post-gadolinium and a heterogeneous T2 signal intensity. These signal characteristics might be attributed to the fibrous tissues, chondroid matrix, calcific material, or cystic component of the lesion; thus, chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma were added to the differential diagnosis. Although this report was limited by the lack of final diagnosis and the patient lost to follow-up, the incidental skull base finding would be important for interpreting the entire volume of CBCT by a qualified oral and maxillofacial radiologist.

  2. Clival Lesion incidentally discovered on cone-beam computed tomography: A case report and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jadhav, Aniket B.; Tadinada, Aditya; Rengasamy, Kandasamy; Lurie, Alan G. [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington (United States); Douglas, Fellows [Division of Diagnostic Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington (United States)

    2014-06-15

    An osteolytic lesion with a small central area of mineralization and sclerotic borders was discovered incidentally in the clivus on the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of a 27-year-old male patient. This benign appearance indicated a primary differential diagnosis of non-aggressive lesions such as fibro-osseous lesions and arrested pneumatization. Further, on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion showed a homogenously low T1 signal intensity with mild internal enhancement after post-gadolinium and a heterogeneous T2 signal intensity. These signal characteristics might be attributed to the fibrous tissues, chondroid matrix, calcific material, or cystic component of the lesion; thus, chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma were added to the differential diagnosis. Although this report was limited by the lack of final diagnosis and the patient lost to follow-up, the incidental skull base finding would be important for interpreting the entire volume of CBCT by a qualified oral and maxillofacial radiologist.

  3. Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, V; Madrid, H.; S Anticevic

    2007-01-01

    Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Quinck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La te...

  4. Parasellar lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sellar and parasellar region is an anatomically complex area that represents a crucial crossroad of important adjacent structures, e.g. orbits, cavernous sinus and its content, polygon of Willis, hypothalamus through the pituitary stalk and dural reflections forming the diaphragm sellae and the walls of the cavernous sinuses. Although the cavernous sinus represents the most relevant parasellar structure, from the practical and clinical point of view all the structures that surround the sella turcica can be included in the parasellar region. CT and, mainly, MRI are the imaging modalities to study and characterise the normal anatomy and the majority of processes in this region. We present a practical short review of the most relevant CT and MRI characteristics, such as location, nature of contrast enhancement and presence of cystic components, together with clinical findings, which permit differentiation of the most frequent and less common lesions found in the parasellar region. Learning objectives: A short review of the anatomy and clinical symptoms related to the parasellar region. Radiological characterisation, mainly by MRI, of the many lesions that alter the structure and function of sellar and parasellar anatomy. Description of the MRI features that permit differentiation among less common lesions. (orig.)

  5. Parasellar lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruscalleda, J. [Hospital Sant Pau, Radiology Department, Neuroradiology, Barcelona (Spain)

    2005-03-01

    The sellar and parasellar region is an anatomically complex area that represents a crucial crossroad of important adjacent structures, e.g. orbits, cavernous sinus and its content, polygon of Willis, hypothalamus through the pituitary stalk and dural reflections forming the diaphragm sellae and the walls of the cavernous sinuses. Although the cavernous sinus represents the most relevant parasellar structure, from the practical and clinical point of view all the structures that surround the sella turcica can be included in the parasellar region. CT and, mainly, MRI are the imaging modalities to study and characterise the normal anatomy and the majority of processes in this region. We present a practical short review of the most relevant CT and MRI characteristics, such as location, nature of contrast enhancement and presence of cystic components, together with clinical findings, which permit differentiation of the most frequent and less common lesions found in the parasellar region. Learning objectives: A short review of the anatomy and clinical symptoms related to the parasellar region. Radiological characterisation, mainly by MRI, of the many lesions that alter the structure and function of sellar and parasellar anatomy. Description of the MRI features that permit differentiation among less common lesions. (orig.)

  6. Femoral arterial puncture: comparison of using the inguinal crease and bony landmarks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We tried to compare the accuracy of using bony landmarks and inguinal crease landmarks for performing femoral artery puncture and to determine an ideal puncture site. We studied ninety consecutive patients who underwent femoral arterial puncture for performing angiogram. For the evaluation of bony landmarks, the pelvis and inguinal areas were divided into 8 zones according to 7 lines that were drawn parallel to the line drawn between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic tubercle. For evaluation of the inguinal crease as a landmark, the 8 zones above and 4 zones below the inguinal crease were determined. The zones were divided by 11 lines drawn parallel to the inguinal crease, and the interval between each line was 1 cm. Locations of the inguinal ligament and femoral bifurcation were recorded for every patient according to the above zones, and an ideal zone for the femoral arterial puncture was decided upon. The ideal zone was considered if the locations of all of inguinal ligaments were above the zone and the least possibility to puncture was below the femoral bifurcation. On the bony landmark, the femoral bifurcations were located at zone 3 in 1 patient (1.1%), at zone 4 in 2 patients (2.2%), at zone 5 in 3 patients (3.3%), at zone 6 in 24 patients (26.7%), and at zone 7 in 44 patients (48.9%). Inguinal ligaments were at zone 1 in 2 patient (3.0%), at zone 2 in 34 patients (50.7%), at zone 3 in 25 patients (37.3%), and at zone 4 in 6 patients (8.9%). When the inguinal creases were used as a landmark, the femoral bifurcations were located at zone 4 in 4 patients (4.4%), at zone 3 in 19 patients (21.1%). at zone 2 in 30 patients (33.3%), at zone 1 in 19 patients (21.1%), at zone -1 in 13 patients (14.4%), at zone -2 in 3 patients (3.3%) and at zone -4 in 2 patients (2.2%). Inguinal ligaments were at zone 8 in 7 patients (10.4%), at zone 7 in 11 patients (16.4%), at zone 6 in 19 patients (28.4%), at zone 5 in 20 patients (29.9%), at zone 4 in 7 patients (10.4%), and at zone 3 in 3 patients (4.5%). Therefore, the best zone for femoral arterial puncture was zone 5 with using bony landmarks and zone 2 with using inguinal crease landmarks. In terms of zone 5 on the bony landmark, every locations of inguinal ligaments was above it and 84 patients (93.4%) had their femoral bifurcation below it, excluding the 6 patients who had their femoral bifurcations at zones 3, 4, and 5. Therefore, zone 5 with using the bony landmarks was a good indicator for femoral arterial puncture. In case of zone 2 on the inguinal crease landmark, although every location of the inguinal ligament was above it, 53 patients (58.8%) had their femoral bifurcation above it at zone 4, 3, and 2. So, it was not a good indicator for femoral arterial puncture. Bony landmarks are more accurate indicators for performing femoral arterial puncture than the inguinal crease landmark. Zone 5 on the bony landmark is an ideal location for femoral arterial puncture

  7. Prostate position relative to pelvic bony anatomy based on intraprostatic gold markers and electronic portal imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To describe the relative positions and motions of the prostate, pelvic bony anatomy, and intraprostatic gold fiducial markers during daily electronic portal localization of the prostate. Methods and Materials: Twenty prostate cancer patients were treated supine with definitive external radiotherapy according to an on-line target localization protocol using three or four intraprostatic gold fiducial markers and an electronic portal imaging device. Daily pretherapy and through-treatment electronic portal images (EPIs) were obtained for each of four treatment fields. The patients' pelvic bony anatomy, intraprostatic gold markers, and a best visual match to the target (i.e., prostate) were identified on simulation digitally reconstructed radiographs and during daily treatment setup and delivery. These data provided quantitative inter- and intrafractional analysis of prostate motion, its position relative to the bony anatomy, and the individual intraprostatic fiducial markers. Treatment planning margins, with and without on-line localization, were subsequently compared. Results: A total of 22,266 data points were obtained from daily pretherapy and through-treatment EPIs. The pretherapy three-dimensional (3D) average displacement of the fiducial markers, as a surrogate for the prostate, was 5.6 mm, which improved to 2.8 mm after use of the localization protocol. The bony anatomy 3D average displacement was 4.4 mm both before and after localization to the prostate (p = 0.46). Along the superior-inferior (SI), anterior-posterior (AP), and right-left (RL) axes, the average prostate displacement improved from 2.5, 3.7, and 1.9 mm, respectively, before localization to 1.4, 1.6, and 1.1 mm after (all p < 0.001). The pretherapy to through-treatment position of the bony landmarks worsened from 1.7 to 2.5 mm (p < 0.001) in the SI axis, remained statistically unchanged at 2.8 mm (p = 0.39) in the AP axis, and improved from 2.0 to 1.2 mm in the RL axis (p < 0.001). There was no significant intrafractional displacement of prostate position or bony anatomic landmarks. An intermarker distance was identified for all fiducial markers, and 96 were followed daily. Seventy-nine percent had a standard deviation of <1 mm, and 96% were <1.5 mm. Margins were 5.1, 7.3, and 5.0 mm in the SI, AP, and RL axes, respectively, before localization and 2.7, 2.9, and 2.8 mm after localization. Conclusions: Significant interfractional motion exists for patients' prostate and pelvic bony anatomy. However, these move independently, so the pelvic bony anatomy should not be used as a surrogate for prostate motion. Fiducial markers are stable within the prostate and allow significant margin reduction when used for on-line localization of the prostate

  8. Medial depression with bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation: CT evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the incidence and CT findings of the medial depression and bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation. 1472 PNS CTs of the patients with symptoms of chronic sinusitis were retrospectively evaluated. The total incidence of depressed lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation was 3.5%(52/1472) on PNS CT. There was a statistically significant correlation between the increasing age and the incidence of depressed lamina papyracea. Depression of lamina papyracea anterior to the basal lamella were more common than those of the posterior depression. Associated findings were herniation of adjacent fatty tissue in all cases and the medial bowing and hypertrophied configuration of the medial rectus muscle without significant herniation in 19 cases(34%). Nontraumatic, asymptomatic depression with bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation is not uncommon with the incidence of 3.5%. Recognition of its existence and degree may be helpful in avoiding various ocular complication during ethmoid surgery

  9. Characterization of phospholipid molecular species in the edible parts of bony fish and shellfish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boselli, Emanuele; Pacetti, Deborah; Lucci, Paolo; Frega, Natale G

    2012-03-28

    The phospholipid molecular species of freshwater (pangasius, Nile perch, trout), marine fish fillets (horse mackerel, European hake, common sole, European anchovy, European pilchard, Atlantic mackerel) and the edible muscle foot of bivalves (clam, mussel, oyster) commonly available in the Italian market during spring and summer were characterized by means of normal-phase high performance liquid chromatography coupled online with positive electrospray ionization ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry. From principal component analysis (PCA), it was observed that the total fatty acid profile was not suitable to differentiate among the shellfish genera. The fatty acid molecular combinations of phosphatidylcholine, the main phospholipid class, as well as phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylethanolamine allowed for the differentiation of shellfish from the bony fishes. Phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine plasmalogen profile allowed for the discrimination of each bony fish or shellfish genus since PS and pPE classes included a large number of fatty acid combinations that were specific for a fish genus or group. PMID:22369175

  10. Knee joint secondary motion accuracy improved by quaternion-based optimizer with bony landmark constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongsheng; Zheng, Naiqaun Nigel

    2010-12-01

    Skin marker-based motion analysis has been widely used in biomechanical studies and clinical applications. Unfortunately, the accuracy of knee joint secondary motions is largely limited by the nonrigidity nature of human body segments. Numerous studies have investigated the characteristics of soft tissue movement. Utilizing these characteristics, we may improve the accuracy of knee joint motion measurement. An optimizer was developed by incorporating the soft tissue movement patterns at special bony landmarks into constraint functions. Bony landmark constraints were assigned to the skin markers at femur epicondyles, tibial plateau edges, and tibial tuberosity in a motion analysis algorithm by limiting their allowed position space relative to the underlying bone. The rotation matrix was represented by quaternion, and the constrained optimization problem was solved by Fletcher's version of the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization technique. The algorithm was validated by using motion data from both skin-based markers and bone-mounted markers attached to fresh cadavers. By comparing the results with the ground truth bone motion generated from the bone-mounted markers, the new algorithm had a significantly higher accuracy (root-mean-square (RMS) error: 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in axial rotation and 0.4 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus) in estimating the knee joint secondary rotations than algorithms without bony landmark constraints (RMS error: 1.7 ± 0.4 deg in axial rotation and 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus). Also, it predicts a more accurate medial-lateral translation (RMS error: 0.4 ± 0.1 mm) than the conventional techniques (RMS error: 1.2 ± 0.2 mm). The new algorithm, using bony landmark constrains, estimates more accurate secondary rotations and medial-lateral translation of the underlying bone. PMID:21142329

  11. Correction of bony deformities around knee by hemicallotasis using an innovative apparatus

    OpenAIRE

    Kundu Z; Sangwan S; Siwach R; Guliani Gulshan

    2005-01-01

    Background: Valgus and varus deformities around the knee are common. Various osteotomies and apparatuses have been described to correct these deformities. Methods: Bony deformities around knee joint in thirty patients (36 joints) were corrected by osteotomy in upper tibia or lower femur which was stabilized and distracted with innovatively designed and locally fabricated T-shaped external fixator-cum-distractor. The age of the patients ranged from 5 to 48 years. The causes of deformities w...

  12. Management of Extensive Maxillofacial Trauma With Bony Foreign Body Within the Orbit From a Chainsaw Injury

    OpenAIRE

    Craft, Randall O.; Eberlin, Kyle R.; Stella, Michael H.; Caterson, Edward J.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The goal of this case report is to characterize injury patterns typical for chainsaw injuries to the face. We describe our approach to the soft tissue and skeletal injury patterns seen in these injuries. Methods: We present a case report of a traumatic chainsaw injury to the face. Results: A literature review of the typical injury patterns seen in chainsaw injuries to the face is discussed. Fractures to the bony orbit are on of the most common findings. Traumatic orbital fractures ...

  13. Valor predicts the thyroid hormones in the evolution the transplant bony marrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work you values the valor I predict the thyroid hormones in the bony marrow transplant evolution as factors the metabolisms oxidative and the synthesis albumins. The patients received conditioning treatments to the transplant and in the postoperational. The received radiations were 1000 cGy lateral cube, with blocking lung, to those that were subjected 3 sessions irradiation, they are practiced a transplant marrow allogeneic

  14. Treatment of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer by Samarium 153 (Quadramet)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: SUMMARY. Introduction: Despite of the progress realized in the treatment of prostatic cancer, the appearance of bony metastasis had limited considerably the life expectancy. In that case, pain is the most important symptom to consider because of its most frequency and the most difficult to manage. Its management needs a multidisciplinary approach with the objective of improving patients' life quality. Aim: The objective of the study was to evaluate the interest of metabolic radiotherapy to 153Samarium-EDTMP, for the pain treatment of bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. Material and method: This was a multicentric study where data were collected retrospectively lasting 40 months. The study was conducted in three departments of nuclear medicine: Institute Salah Azaiez, the center 'CERU', and military hospital of Tunis. Forty five patients with painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer had been enrolled in the study. Efficacy and factors influencing treatment response had been assessed as well as toxicity and the cause of failures. Results: Positive response was obtained in 92.1% of cases and response was completed in 36.5% of cases. Results obtained after multiple administrations of treatment, showed that the cures could be repeated and could have results comparable to the first cure. The efficacy of our treatment is at least equivalent to the one obtained by the other methods of treatment, with very rare adverse events. The only toxicity was a hematological disorder that is usually moderated and reversible as well with complete recovery in around 8 weeks. Conclusion: Our results supported the efficacy of 'Samarium 153-EDTMP' in the management of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. (author)

  15. On the biology of the bony otic capsule and the pathogenesis of otosclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Sune Land

    2012-01-01

    In human otosclerosis, focal pathological bone remodeling occurs in significant amounts inside the normally anti-resorptive perilabyrinthine domain of the bony otic capsule. Otosclerosis causes hearing loss in 0.2-0.5% of the population by ankylosis of the footplate. The disease cannot be predicted, avoided or medically reversed as the pathogenesis remains unknown. Previously genetic research has failed to identify a specific otosclerosis-gene and earlier theories of virus infections, autoimmuni...

  16. Effect of Er,Cr:YSGG Laser at Different Output Powers on the Micromorphology and the Bond Property of Non-Carious Sclerotic Dentin to Resin Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Weiguo; Jiao, Yang; Wang, Wanshan; Yang, Yanwei; Wei, Jingjing; Shen, Lijuan; Chen, Jihua

    2015-01-01

    Background The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiated at different powers on the micromorphology and the bonding property of non-carious sclerotic dentin to resin composites. Methods Two hundred bovine incisors characterized by non-carious sclerotic dentin were selected, and the seventy-two teeth of which for surface morphological analysis were divided into nine groups according to various treatments (A: the control group, B: only treated with the adhesive Adper Easy One, C: diamond bur polishing followed by Adper Easy One, D-I: Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiating at 1W, 2W, 3W, 4W, 5W, 6W output power, respectively, followed by Adper Easy One). The surface roughness values were measured by the non-contact three-dimensional morphology scanner, then the surface micromorphologies of surfaces in all groups were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM); meanwhile, Image Pro-Plus 6.0 software was used to measure the relative percentage of open tubules on SEM images. The rest, one hundred twenty-eight teeth for bond strength test, were divided into eight groups according to the different treatments (A: only treated with the adhesive Adper Easy One, B: diamond bur polishing followed by the above adhesive, C-H: Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiating at 1 W, 2 W, 3 W, 4 W, 5 W, 6 W output power, respectively, followed by the above adhesive), and each group was subsequently divided into two subgroups according to whether aging is performed (immediately tested and after thermocycling). Micro-shear bond strength test was used to evaluate the bond strength. Results The 4W laser group showed the highest roughness value (30.84±1.93?m), which was statistically higher than the control group and the diamond bur groups (pdentin and resin composites by increasing the roughness and mean percentage area of open tubules. PMID:26544034

  17. Endoscopic Orientation of the Parasellar Region in Sphenoid Sinus with Ill-Defined Bony Landmarks: An Anatomic Study

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Sameh M.; Ashraf Y. Nasr; Hamid A. Saleh; Foad, Mohamed M.; Herzallah, Islam R.

    2010-01-01

    The sphenoid bony landmarks are important for endoscopic orientation in skull base surgery but show a wide range of variations. We aimed to describe an instructional model for the endoscopic parasellar anatomy in sphenoid sinuses with ill-defined bony landmarks. Five preserved injected cadaveric heads and four sides of dry skulls were studied endoscopically via transethmoid, transsphenoidal approach. The parasellar region was exposed by drilling along the maxillary nerve (V2) canal [the lengt...

  18. PET/MR imaging of bone lesions - implications for PET quantification from imperfect attenuation correction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samarin, Andrei [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); University Hospital Zurich, Nuclear Medicine, Zurich (Switzerland); Burger, Cyrill; Crook, David W.; Burger, Irene A.; Schmid, Daniel T.; Schulthess, Gustav K. von; Kuhn, Felix P. [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Wollenweber, Scott D. [GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI (United States)

    2012-07-15

    Accurate attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative analysis of PET tracer distribution. In MR, the lack of cortical bone signal makes bone segmentation difficult and may require implementation of special sequences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the need for accurate bone segmentation in MR-based AC for whole-body PET/MR imaging. In 22 patients undergoing sequential PET/CT and 3-T MR imaging, modified CT AC maps were produced by replacing pixels with values of >100 HU, representing mostly bone structures, by pixels with a constant value of 36 HU corresponding to soft tissue, thereby simulating current MR-derived AC maps. A total of 141 FDG-positive osseous lesions and 50 soft-tissue lesions adjacent to bones were evaluated. The mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) was measured in each lesion in PET images reconstructed once using the standard AC maps and once using the modified AC maps. Subsequently, the errors in lesion tracer uptake for the modified PET images were calculated using the standard PET image as a reference. Substitution of bone by soft tissue values in AC maps resulted in an underestimation of tracer uptake in osseous and soft tissue lesions adjacent to bones of 11.2 {+-} 5.4 % (range 1.5-30.8 %) and 3.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 0.2-4 %), respectively. Analysis of the spine and pelvic osseous lesions revealed a substantial dependence of the error on lesion composition. For predominantly sclerotic spine lesions, the mean underestimation was 15.9 {+-} 3.4 % (range 9.9-23.5 %) and for osteolytic spine lesions, 7.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 4.9-9.3 %), respectively. CT data simulating treating bone as soft tissue as is currently done in MR maps for PET AC leads to a substantial underestimation of tracer uptake in bone lesions and depends on lesion composition, the largest error being seen in sclerotic lesions. Therefore, depiction of cortical bone and other calcified areas in MR AC maps is necessary for accurate quantification of tracer uptake values in PET/MR imaging. (orig.)

  19. Bony fish bycatch in the southern Brazil pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) fishery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marcelo, Vianna; Tabajara, Almeida.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available A pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão-rosa, captura grande quantidade de peixes, em sua maioria teleósteos, que são rejeitados por não possuírem valor comercial. A composição e abundância destes foram estudadas em uma área no litoral sudeste do Brasil. Registramos 91 espécies e observou-se que a [...] pesca incidental age principalmente sobre indivíduos jovens e ocorre durante o ano todo, produzindo um relação entre teleóteos e camarão de 10,5:1,0. Foram identificadas três ictiocenoses influenciadas pela sazonalidade das massas d'água, ocorrendo uma predominante associada a Água Costeira, outra associada a penetração da ACAS na plataforma e uma terceira com distribuição mais homogênea. O período mais crítico, para a captura da ictiofauna acompanhante, é o inicio do inverno devido a sobreposição de ictiocenoses e pico de recrutamento pesqueiro. Abstract in english Trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) catches also large quantities of fish, mostly bony fish, which are discarded, as they have no commercial value. Their composition and abundance were studied in an area that corresponded to the southeastern coastline of Brazil. [...] Ninety one species were registered. Incidental fishing affected mainly small individuals and occured throughout the year. The year round rate of bony fish to shrimp catches was 10,5:1,0. Three assemblages of bony fishes could be identified, influenced by the seasonal variation of the water masses, the predominant group being associated with the Coastal Water, another with the penetration of colder waters onto the platform (SACW) and a third group of a more homogenous distribution. The most critical period identified for the bycatch capture was the beginning of the winter, which was due to the overlapping of fish assemblages and the peak of fishing recruitment.

  20. Bony fish bycatch in the southern Brazil pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis fishery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Vianna

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis catches also large quantities of fish, mostly bony fish, which are discarded, as they have no commercial value. Their composition and abundance were studied in an area that corresponded to the southeastern coastline of Brazil. Ninety one species were registered. Incidental fishing affected mainly small individuals and occured throughout the year. The year round rate of bony fish to shrimp catches was 10,5:1,0. Three assemblages of bony fishes could be identified, influenced by the seasonal variation of the water masses, the predominant group being associated with the Coastal Water, another with the penetration of colder waters onto the platform (SACW and a third group of a more homogenous distribution. The most critical period identified for the bycatch capture was the beginning of the winter, which was due to the overlapping of fish assemblages and the peak of fishing recruitment.A pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão-rosa, captura grande quantidade de peixes, em sua maioria teleósteos, que são rejeitados por não possuírem valor comercial. A composição e abundância destes foram estudadas em uma área no litoral sudeste do Brasil. Registramos 91 espécies e observou-se que a pesca incidental age principalmente sobre indivíduos jovens e ocorre durante o ano todo, produzindo um relação entre teleóteos e camarão de 10,5:1,0. Foram identificadas três ictiocenoses influenciadas pela sazonalidade das massas d'água, ocorrendo uma predominante associada a Água Costeira, outra associada a penetração da ACAS na plataforma e uma terceira com distribuição mais homogênea. O período mais crítico, para a captura da ictiofauna acompanhante, é o inicio do inverno devido a sobreposição de ictiocenoses e pico de recrutamento pesqueiro.

  1. New mini-osteotomy of the infraorbital nerve in bony decompression for endocrine orbitopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clauser, Luigi; Tieghi, Riccardo

    2010-01-01

    Endocrine orbitopathy is a systemic complex disease that involves the orbital contents. The symptoms are exophthalmos and correlated. The surgical techniques used to correct this condition can be fat decompression by the Olivari technique, 3-wall bony decompression, or the combination of these 2 surgical strategies, the ancillary procedure. Fat decompression is indicated when the intraconal and extraconal fat tissue is increased, whereas bony decompression is used in the presence of extraocular muscle involvement, associated with a normal quantity of intraconal-extraconal fat. Surgical techniques include the transconjunctival approach and ostectomy of the medial wall (when possible through endoscopy), orbital floor, and lateral wall of the orbit.Complications of this type of intervention are often represented by sensitivity disorders of the second branch of the trigeminal nerve, compressed by the intraorbital contents when they prolapse into the sinus. Possible sensitivity disorders are paresthesia, anesthesia, hypoaesthesia, dysesthesia, and hyperesthesia.The innovation introduced by the first author in 2007 consists of a mini ostectomy around the infraorbital foramen with removal of bone fragment. This determines relaxation of the nerve and makes easier the descent toward the sinus, allowing a larger expansion of the orbit contents. The absence of compression significantly reduces the sensitive complications. After treatment of the basic disease, surgical indications should be given according to the Werner classification. Fat decompression with the coronal approach is almost entirely abandoned for the transconjunctival approach, which allows adequate exposure of the lower orbit.The use of mini ostectomy of the infraorbital foramen combined with a 3-wall bony expansion showed a significant reduction of sensitive complications that often cause patient discomfort. PMID:20072006

  2. Bony fusion of the maxilla and mandible as a sequelae of noma: A rare case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bagewadi, Shivanand B.; Awasthi, Ujjwala Rastogi; Mody, Bharat M.; Suma, Gundareddy N.; Garg, Shruti [Dept. of Medicine and Radiology, ITS Center for Dental Studies and Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    Noma is a gangrenous disease of the orofacial region that leads to severe facial tissue destruction and is a significant cause of death among children. With the advent of modern antibiotics and improved nutrition, children with noma may survive into adulthood, but must face the challenge of undergoing repair of the sequelae of noma. This report describes a case of bony fusion of the maxilla and mandible in a 28-year-old female patient, which was a sequelae of a childhood case of noma.

  3. Epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma in nasal cavity with bony destruction: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Ho Jin; Lee, Byung Hoon; Hwang, Yoon Joon; Kim, Su Young [Dept. of Radiology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, Goyang , (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare tumor that commonly involves the salivary glands. EMC arising from the nasal cavity is one of the most unusual cases. We describe a case of a 48-year-old patient who is presented with bilateral nasal obstruction for several months. Multidetector computed tomography reveals expansile, well-defined, heterogeneous enhancing soft tissue masses filling the nasal cavity with bony destruction of hard palate and maxillary alveolar ridge. The carcinoma was histologically characterized by a mixture of trabecular structure with myoepithelial cells and ductal cells, which are confirmed by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry.

  4. Bony fusion of the maxilla and mandible as a sequelae of noma: A rare case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noma is a gangrenous disease of the orofacial region that leads to severe facial tissue destruction and is a significant cause of death among children. With the advent of modern antibiotics and improved nutrition, children with noma may survive into adulthood, but must face the challenge of undergoing repair of the sequelae of noma. This report describes a case of bony fusion of the maxilla and mandible in a 28-year-old female patient, which was a sequelae of a childhood case of noma

  5. Evaluation of the Rib Lesions by Bone Scanning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to establish criteria for distinguishing between occult fracture and metastases, we have reviewed 52 records of cancer patients and 24 of rib fracture patients referred for bone scanning. In 52 patients with biopsy-proven malignancy, multiple linear increased uptake of the ribs was found in 32 cases(61.5%), and was the most common finding. In 24 patients with rib fracture, all but 1 had fecal increased uptake of the ribs, and lesions almost always aligned in a row. By analyzing the appearance of rib lesions in total 76 patients, it was concluded that there is a high probability that rib lesions detected by bone scanning are bony metastases if 1) they are multiple linear as opposed to fecal, and 2) they are not aligned in the same location

  6. The relationship of transverse sinus stenosis to bony groove dimensions provides an insight into the aetiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transverse sinus tapered narrowings are frequently identified in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH); however, it remains unclear whether they are primary stenoses or whether they occur secondary to raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Computed tomographic venography demonstrates both the morphology of the venous system and the adjacent bony grooves so it may provide an insight into the aetiology of these transverse sinus stenoses. Tapered transverse sinus narrowings (>50%) were studied in 19 patients without IIH and 14 patients with IIH. Computed tomography vascular studies were reviewed and the dimensions of the venous sinuses and bony grooves at the sites of maximum and minimum transverse sinus area dimensions were recorded. There was demonstrated to be a strong correlation of bony groove height with venous sinus height at the largest portions of the transverse sinus in both IIH patients and non-IIH subjects as well as at the transverse sinus narrowing in non-IIH subjects. There was a discordant relationship between bony groove height and venous sinus height at the site of transverse sinus stenoses in IIH patients. In 5/23 IIH transverse sinus stenoses, the bony groove height was proportionate to that seen in non-IIH subjects. There were a further 8/23 cases where the small or absent sinus was associated with an absent bony groove. Transverse sinus tapered narrowings in subjects without IIH and in the majority of patients with IIH were associated with proportionately small or absent grooves, and these are postulated to be primary or fixed. Some patients with IIH demonstrate tapered transverse sinus stenoses with disproportionately large bony grooves, suggesting a secondary or acquired narrowing. This implies a varied aetiology for the transverse sinus stenoses of IIH. (orig.)

  7. Review of nomenclature revision of fibro-ossous lesions in the maxillofacial region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do [Wonkwang Univ. School of Dentistry, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-03-15

    Fibro-osseous lesions are composed of connective tissue and varying amount of mineralized substances, which may be bony or cementum-like structures. It is necessary for oral radiologist to differentiate due to the tendency of these fibro-osseous lesions to show similar histopathologic appearances, while the management of each lesion is different. However we often encounter a little difficulty in judgement because there are some overlaps between concept of each lesions. So recently I suggest, we face a need to review basic concept and classification of several fibro-osseous jaw lesions. In this article, several fibro-osseous lesions, such as fibrous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma and cemento-osseous dysplasia, will be discussed basing on the review of literature. Particular emphasis will be made on the nomenclature revision of WHO's classification in 1992.

  8. Bony anatomic variants of the paranasal sinuses and nasal septum. Comparison between normal and chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agger nasi cells, concha bullosa, Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were evaluated with coronal plane computerized tomographic (CT) scanning in patients with normal paranasal sinuses (44 cases) and patients with chronic sinusitis (91 cases). Agger nasi cells were present in 68 (50.4%) of cases. Concha bullosa was present in 39 cases (28.9%), Haller's cells were present in 15 cases (11.1%), and deviation of the nasal septum was present in 64 cases (47.4%). Haller's cells were more commonly encountered in cases with normal paranasal sinuses (20.5%), than in cases with chronic sinusitis (6.6%). Other bony structural variations were noted at a similar frequency in both groups. Each sinus (frontal sinus, ethmoid sinus, maxillary sinus and sphenoid sinus) of patients with chronic sinusitis was then evaluated separately. Agger nasi cells were observed more frequently in chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis compared to subjects with normal sinuses. Concha bullosa was observed more frequently in cases with normal frontal sinuses and ethmoid sinuses than in cases of chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis. Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were observed at a similar frequency in both groups. Based on these results, it was thought that these bony structural variations sometimes disturbed the reopening of the normal ventilation and drainage pathways of the paranasal sinuses at the stage of acute sinusitis. These nasal ventilatory disturbances may predispose the patient to recurrent sinusitis, and may finally result in chronic sinusitis. (author)

  9. An alternative treatment option for a bony defect from large odontoma using recycled demineralization at chairside

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Odontoma is the most common odontogenic benign tumor, and the treatment of choice is generally surgical removal. After excision, bone grafts may be necessary depending on the need for further treatment, or the size and location of the odontoma. Although the osteogenic capacity of a demineralized tooth was verified as early as 1967 by Urist and many other investigators, the cumbersome procedure, including a long demineralization time, may be less than comfortable for clinicians. A modified ultrasonic technology, with periodic negative pressure and temperature control, facilitated rapid and aseptic preparation of demineralized teeth for bone grafts. This approach reduces the demineralization time dramatically (≤80 minutes), so that the graft material can be prepared chairside on the same day as the extraction. The purpose of this article is to describe two cases of large compound odonotomas used as graft material prepared chairside for enucleation-induced bony defects. These two clinical cases showed favorable wound healing without complications, and good bony support for future dental implants or orthodontic treatment. Finally, this report will suggest the possibility of recycling the benign pathologic hard tissue as an alternative treatment option for conventional bone grafts in clinics. PMID:25922824

  10. Arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus mimicking intraosseous lesions of the skull base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jalali, Elnaz; Tadinada, Aditya [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington (United States)

    2015-03-15

    Arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus is a developmental variant that is not always well recognized and is often confused with other pathologies associated with the skull base. This report describes the case of a patient referred for cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging for dental implant therapy. CBCT demonstrated a well-defined incidental lesion in the left sphenoid sinus with soft tissue-like density and sclerotic borders with internal curvilinear opacifications. The differential diagnoses included intraosseous lipoma, arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus, chondrosarcoma, chondroid chordoma, and ossifying fibroma. The radiographic diagnosis of arrested pneumatization was based on the location of the lesion, its well-defined nature, the presence of internal opacifications, and lack of expansion. Gray-scale CBCT imaging of the area demonstrated values similar to fatty tissue. This case highlighted the fact that benign developmental variants associated with the skull base share similar radiographic features with more serious pathological entities.

  11. Osteoid Osteoma Presenting as a Painful Solitary Skull Lesion: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saeed Ahmadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Osteomas are asymptomatic and rare slow growing bony tumors in temporal bone, and should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic solitary skull lesions. Sometimes is associated with pain and functional loss. Only a few cases have been reported.   Case Report: We describe a case of an osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone (mastoid in a 31-year-old woman presenting as painful solitary tumor of calvarium and its management. The resection of whole bony tumor was performed using the retroauricular approach. Pathologic evaluation revealed the osteoid osteoma.    Conclusion: Although osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone is rare, it should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic skull lesions. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic osteomas or cosmetic reasons. 

  12. Destructive, granulating lesion in the temporal bone after elevated plasma homocysteine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonding, Per; Skriver, Elisabeth; Helin, Pekka; Qvortrup, Klaus

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This is a presentation of a seemingly new otolaryngologic disease. SETTING: This study was conducted at a tertiary referral center. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old healthy man developed left-sided sudden deafness with vertigo and temporary left facial palsy. A granulating and destructive lesion in the left temporal bone was discovered; repeated histologic examination only showed simple granulation tissue. After 6 months, a part of the bony cochlea was extruded. With approximately 8 months'...

  13. Clinical value of combined 153Sm-EDTMP and Yunke therapy for relief of metastatic bony pain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the clinical value of combined 153Sm-EDTMP and Yunke therapy in metastatic bony pain. 210 patients with metastatic bony pain were treated using 153Sm-EDTMP or combined with Yunke. The effect of treatment were observed. The total pain relief rate in single 153Sm-EDTMP group was 83.7%, whereas in combined 153Sm-EDTMP with Yunke group was 94.7%. The latter was markedly higher than the former. The clinical value of combined 153Sm-EDTMP and Yunke therapy group in relief of metastatic bony pain is obvious. And it was safe and no significant adverse reaction was observed. The pain relief effect of combined 153Sm-EDTMP and Yunke therapy is better than the single 153Sm-EDTMP therapy

  14. Experimental study on effect of traditional bone-knitting drugs on traumatic gu bi (bone-rheumatoid lesions).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, A; Zhang, S; Ai, J; Chen, X; Li, Y; Teng, J; Wang, S; Wang, A

    1994-09-01

    Traditional bone-knitting drugs (TBKD) are used frequently in the treatment of bone fractures. An animal model of Gu Bi (bone-related rheumatoid lesions) with defects of articular cartilage as the main lesion was developed by surgical trauma under the stereomicroscope in Wistar rats and treated with TBKD. The results showed that TBKD could promote proliferation of cartilage cells around the traumatic site and improve the osteogenetic function in the traumatic state, suggesting that TBKD can be used in combination with other Chinese drugs to treat Gu Bi, including bony lesions of the late-stage rheumatoid arthritis and bony arthritis. But the experimental results also suggested that TBKD might have an effect of promoting development of inflammation, and therefore, should be used with care in the acute phase of inflammation. PMID:7799655

  15. Check-list of bony fish collected from the Upper Halda River, Chittagong, Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed S. Alam

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The Halda River of Bangladesh gains its importance as natural spawning ground of major carpfishes. A check-list of bony fish in the Halda River was carried out. It appeared that the fish fauna in thisriver is dominated by the family of Cyprinidae (28.57 % represented by 18 species, followed byGobiidae (9.52 % represented by 6 species and Schibeidae (7.94 % with 5 species, than Bagridae andChannidae (6.35 % with 4 species each, Siluridae (4.76 % with 3 species. Among the listed families,there are 14 families represented by a single species and 4 families by 2 species. The total number ofspecies is 63 belonging to 51 genera pertaining to 24 families and 9 orders. The present study reported 5migrant species from the Bay of Bengal and 3 species as exotic species.

  16. The bony scan at 99m Tc pyrophosphate in the chronic kidney deficiency treated by hemodialysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bony scan at 99m Tc pyrophosphate of thirty chronic hemodialyzed patients have been classified in four groups of increasing fixation according to Olgaard's criterions. The clinical, radiological symptoms of renal osteodystrophy, the alkaline phosphatases and the PTHi rate have been compared. Twenty-six scans show a noticeable fixation (stage II) or an important one (stage III - eleven patients). The third stage patients have more important radiographical symptoms, a more important rate of alkaline phosphatases and PTHi rate than those of the second stage. According to our observations and those of literature, the scan at 99m Tc PP allows an early and faithful diagnosis of renal osteodystrophy. It seems to represent the increase of the osteoid immature tissue which is the usual characteristic of the renal osteodystrophy

  17. Reconstruction of bony facial contour deficiencies with polymethylmethacrylate implants: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ruy C. C., Abdo Filho; Thais M., Oliveira; Natalino, Lourenço Neto; Carla, Gurgel; Ruy C.C., Abdo.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Facial trauma can be considered one of the most serious aggressions found in the medical centers due to the emotional consequences and the possibility of deformity. In craniofacial surgery, the use of autologous bone is still the first choice for reconstructing bony defects or irregularities. When t [...] here is a shortage of donor bone or a patient refuses an intracranial operation, alloplastic materials such as polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) can be used. The PMMA prosthesis can be pre-fabricated, bringing advantages such as reduction of surgical time, easy technical handling and good esthetic results. This paper describes the procedures for rehabilitating a patient with PMMA implants in the region of the face, recovering the facial contours and esthetics of the patient.

  18. A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Jeong Shin; Park, Chang Seo [Department of Dentistry, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-08-15

    Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

  19. A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

  20. Myelotoxicity of Samarium Sm153 lexidronam in patients with painful bony metastases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows. Introduction: the management of bone pain includes analgesia, radiation, hormones, radiofrequency (RF) ablation, chemotherapy, and surgery. Bone pain palliation therapy with radiopharmaceuticals is a cost-effective systemic therapy to relieve pain from skeletal metastases with a consequent decrease in morbidity and an improvement in quality of life. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of myelotoxicity of samarium lexidronam (Sm153) in patients with painful bony metastasis. Methods: we reviewed 116 patients aged from 14 to 87 years old, 91 males (78%) and 25 females (22%), having received 1 to 4 treatments of Sm153 (37 MBq/kg) for painful bony metastases from different primitive tumors: 67 cases of prostate cancer (57.7%), 22 cases of breast cancer (18.9%), 10 cases of pulmonary cancer (8.6%) and others in 14.6% of cases. Clinical follow-up was available for 159 treatments, consisting on blood count each week over at least two months, in order to evaluate myelotoxicity according to WHO classification. Results: no patients had grade 4 toxicity after its cures. A grade 2-3 myelotoxicity was observed after 52 treatments (34%) during the second week and after 50 treatments (32.6%) during the fourth week with a satisfactory reversibility. At 10 weeks of treatment, myelotoxicity was reclassified from 0 to 2 for 139 cures (90,8%). Moreover, we found that prior treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy did not affect the rates of myelotoxicity. Conclusion: multiple treatments with samarium Sm153 lexidronam had no significant effect on myelotoxicity. Patients with bone predominant metastatic disease may survive for extended periods of time and may safely be treated with multiple modalities of therapy. (authors)

  1. Catecholamines and related o-diphenols in cockroach hemolymph and cuticle during sclerotization and melanization: comparative studies on the order Dictyoptera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czapla, T H; Hopkins, T L; Kramer, K J

    1990-01-01

    Catecholamines and related o-diphenols extracted from the cuticle and hemolymph of adult cockroaches during sclerotization and pigmentation of the cuticle were analyzed by reverse phase HPLC with electrochemical detection. At ecdysis, dopamine (DA) o-conjugates predominated in the hemolymph of Periplaneta americana, P. australasiae, P. fuliginosa, P. brunnea, and Blatta orientalis (Blattidae); Blattella germanica (Blattellidae); and Gromphadorhina portentosa and Blaberus craniifer (Blaberidae). N-Acetyldopamine (NADA) conjugates were second in abundance in these species, but were major in the hemolymph of the other blaberoid species, Leucophaea maderae and Nauphoeta cinerea. After ecdysis NADA became the major hemolymph catecholamine in all species as DA decreased rapidly. N-beta-Alanyldopamine (NBAD) concentrations in the hemolymph remained low in all species, although NBAD and its metabolite, N-beta-alanylnorepinephrine (NBANE), were generally the major catecholamines in tanning cuticle. Catechol (1,2-dihydroxybenzene) occurred mainly as a conjugate(s) at high levels in the hemolymph of nymphs and adults of all blattid species. Only trace amounts were detected in B. germanica and Cryptocercus punctulatus (Cryptocercidae), and none was found in any of the blaberoid species. High concentrations of NBANE and NBAD accumulated in tanning cuticle of B. germanica, G. portentosa, and all blattid species, whereas NADA and DA predominated in cuticle from the other blaberoid species, particularly L. maderae and N. cinerea. However, cockroaches as a group appear to utilize both the N-acetyl and N-beta-alanyl catecholamines for stabilization of the exoskeleton. The Blattidae differed most from the other families in having considerably higher concentrations of catecholamines in hemolymph and cuticle, as well as the large amounts of catechol conjugates in the hemolymph. PMID:2391402

  2. Unique psoriatic lesion versus multiple lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Anca Chiriac; Piotr Brzezinski; Liliana Foia; Anca E Chiriac; Tudor Pinteala; Caius Solovan

    2014-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the number of lesions of psoriasis and to find risk factors for multiple lesions. Material and Methods: 1,236 patients (male 54.13%, female 45.87%) with psoriasis were seen over a period of 8 years in an Outpatient Clinic. Patients filled out questionnaires containing age at onset, number of lesions and location at the beginning of the disease, gender, type and localization of psoriasis at the time of clinical examination, psoriasis family history, previous treatment, co...

  3. Distinct focal lesions of the femoral head: imaging features suggesting an atypical and minimal form of bone necrosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heading AbstractObjective. To document the imaging findings observed in patients with an unusual pattern of abnormality of the femoral head, most likely representing osteonecrosis.Design and patients. The imaging findings in 11 patients (10 men, 1 woman; age range 32-55 years) with a distinct lesion of the femoral head were reviewed with particular attention to the morphologic appearance, location, and extent of the lesion(s) in the proximal femur.Results. The 16 lesions identified in these patients extended to the subchondral area. Articular collapse was not evident in any hip. Radiography and CT showed areas of mixed bone sclerosis and osteolysis surrounded by sclerotic margins. On MR imaging, the signal intensity characteristics of the osseous lesion(s) were most commonly similar to those of fluid. Histopathologic findings, available in two hips, were typical of osteonecrosis. There was evidence of correlation of the site of the lesion with the known general distribution and anastomoses of arteries supplying the femoral head.Conclusion. A distinct, focal lesion of the femoral head is believed to represent an atypical form of bone necrosis. Its restriction to a small portion of the femoral head may relate to localized vascular anatomy. Recognition of the quite characteristic imaging findings can prevent misdiagnosis and may have implications for the prediction of the natural course of the disease. (orig.)

  4. Surgical method of fixed needle extrusion in treatment of bony mallet finger and evaluation on curative effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the surgical method of bony mallet finger and to evaluate the clinical effect of fixed needle extrusion in treatment of bony mallet finger. Methods: 28 patients with bony mallet finger were treated with kirschner needle extrusion to reset the fracture fragments and fix the fracture. The flexion or extension of distal interphalangeal joint (DIP), fracture healing and postoperative complications of the patients were observed. Results: 27 patients were followed-up for 14 months. Crawford assessment standard was used to assess the efficacy. Before operation, the DIP extension limitation of 10°-25° or obvious flexion obstacles existed in 8 cases (29.6% ); the DIP extension limited by greater than 25° or the presence of persistent pain existed in 20 patients (70.4% ). After operation, the fully active flexion and extension of DIP without pain in resting or action existed in 21 cases (77.8% ); the full flexion of DIP, extension limitation from 0° to 10° without pain in resting state existed in 6 cases (22.2% ). All fractures in the patients healed, and the joint face apposition was good without osteomyelitis and wound complications such as infection, necrosis and recurrence of mallet finger deformity. Conclusion: Kirschner needle extrusion fixation method for the treatment of bony mallet finger is a simple method with satisfactory curative effect. (authors)

  5. A dose-response relationship for time to bone pain resolution after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bony metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jhaveri, Pavan M. [Dept. of Radiology, Section of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (United States); Teh, Bin S.; Paulino, Arnold C.; Blanco, Angel I.; Butler, E. Brian [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital/The Methodist Hospital Research Inst., Houston (United States)], email: bteh@tmhs.org; Lo, Simon S. [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland (United States); Amato, Robert J. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Div. of Oncology, Univ. of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston (United States)

    2012-05-15

    Background. To investigate the utility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of painful renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases, and for a possible dose effect on time to symptom relief. Material and methods. Eighteen patients with 24 painful osseous lesions from metastatic RCC were treated with SBRT. The most common treatment regimens were 24 Gy in 3 fractions and 40 Gy in 5 fractions. The times from treatment to first reported pain relief and time to symptom recurrence were evaluated. Median follow-up was 38 weeks (1-156 weeks). Results. Seventy-eight percent of all patients had pain relief. Patients treated with a BED > 85 Gy achieved faster and more durable pain relief compared to those treated with a BED < 85 Gy. There was decrease in time to pain relief after a change in treatment regimen to 8 Gy x 5 fractions (BED = 86). There was only one patient with grade 1 skin toxicity. No neurological or other toxicity was observed. Conclusions. SBRT can safely and effectively treat painful RCC bony metastases. There appears to be a relationship between radiation dose and time to stable pain relief.

  6. A dose-response relationship for time to bone pain resolution after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bony metastases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. To investigate the utility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of painful renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases, and for a possible dose effect on time to symptom relief. Material and methods. Eighteen patients with 24 painful osseous lesions from metastatic RCC were treated with SBRT. The most common treatment regimens were 24 Gy in 3 fractions and 40 Gy in 5 fractions. The times from treatment to first reported pain relief and time to symptom recurrence were evaluated. Median follow-up was 38 weeks (1-156 weeks). Results. Seventy-eight percent of all patients had pain relief. Patients treated with a BED > 85 Gy achieved faster and more durable pain relief compared to those treated with a BED < 85 Gy. There was decrease in time to pain relief after a change in treatment regimen to 8 Gy x 5 fractions (BED = 86). There was only one patient with grade 1 skin toxicity. No neurological or other toxicity was observed. Conclusions. SBRT can safely and effectively treat painful RCC bony metastases. There appears to be a relationship between radiation dose and time to stable pain relief

  7. Description of patients with bony tumors treated with prosthesis in reconstruction in the Servicio de Ortopedia at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia 2000-2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of prosthesis in reconstruction for the management of extensive tumor bone lesions. The study of six patients treated is performed at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia, who were treated for aggressive tumors in the period 2001-2006. Bony tumors are conceptualized, as well as fundamental aspects of cell biology in its development and the classification of the same. Also, relevant information is included with relation to the most frequent indications and possible treatments. In all six cases was placed the rescue prosthesis, four of them has been obtained excellent results. Limb amputation has been the only alternative until the decade of the 70 and survival rates with this treatment were 10 to 20% survival at 5 years. Today, with advances in chemotherapy and limb salvage prosthesis, patients without metastases at diagnosis have a survival of 65 to 75% at five years. The study has made it possible to simultaneously to analyze some aspects of care to these patients; such as: time of biopsy, time of diagnosis, time of initiation of chemotherapy and surgical intervention time. Through this study has concluded that when referring to a malignant tumor of bone is absolutely essential that the process of diagnosis and initiation of treatment of limb salvage surgery are addressed as soon as possible. Finally, some recommendations are raised to strengthen the treatment of malignant tumors in the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia. (author)

  8. Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates; Utilizacao da tomografia computadorizada quantitativa como teste de resistencia para avaliacao de placas osseas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo Filho, E.V.; Costa, L.A.V.S.; Oliveira, D.C. [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Freitas, P.M.C. [Escola de Veterinaria - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Teixeira, M.W.; Costa, F.S. [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco - Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2012-06-15

    Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials. (author)

  9. Mesenchymal breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schickman, R; Leibman, A J; Handa, P; Kornmehl, A; Abadi, M

    2015-06-01

    Mesenchymal breast lesions encompass a variety of breast diseases. Many of these lesions are rare with only a few case reports in the literature. This article reviews the imaging findings of selected mesenchymal breast lesions, their clinical presentations and method of diagnosis. Mesenchymal lesions are diverse and include haemangioma, granular cell tumour, myofibroblastoma, fibromatosis, pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. It is important for radiologists to be aware of these lesions as some of them may have malignant potential or demonstrate imaging features that overlap with other malignant lesions. PMID:25638601

  10. Mesenchymal breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesenchymal breast lesions encompass a variety of breast diseases. Many of these lesions are rare with only a few case reports in the literature. This article reviews the imaging findings of selected mesenchymal breast lesions, their clinical presentations and method of diagnosis. Mesenchymal lesions are diverse and include haemangioma, granular cell tumour, myofibroblastoma, fibromatosis, pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. It is important for radiologists to be aware of these lesions as some of them may have malignant potential or demonstrate imaging features that overlap with other malignant lesions

  11. Target volume geometric change and/or deviation from the cranium during fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for brain metastases: potential pitfalls in image guidance based on bony anatomy alignment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study sought to evaluate the potential geometrical change and/or displacement of the target relative to the cranium during fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for treating newly developed brain metastases. For 16 patients with 21 lesions treated with image-guided frameless FSRT in 5 or 10 fractions using a 6-degree-of-freedom image guidance system-integrated platform, the unenhanced computed tomography or T2-weighted magnetic resonance images acquired until the completion of FSRT were fused to the planning image datasets for comparison. Significant change was defined as ?3-mm change in the tumour diameter or displacement of the tumour centroid. FSRT was started 1 day after planning image acquisition. Tumour shrinkage, deviation and both were observed in 2, 1 and 1 of the 21 lesions, respectively, over a period of 7–13 days. Tumour shrinkage or deviation resulted in an increase or decrease in the marginal dose to the tumour, respectively, and a substantial increase in the irradiated volume for the surrounding tissue irrespective of the pattern of alteration. No obvious differences in the clinical and treatment characteristics were noted among the populations with or without significant changes in tumour volume or position. Target deformity and/or deviation can unexpectedly occur even during relatively short-course FSRT, inevitably leading to a gradual discrepancy between the planned and actually delivered doses to the tumour and surrounding tissue. To appropriately weigh the treatment outcome against the planned dose distribution, target deformity and/or deviation should also be considered in addition to the immobilisation accuracy, as image guidance with bony anatomy alignment does not necessarily guarantee accurate target localisation until completion of FSRT.

  12. [Demographic and evolutionary dynamics of an isolate: the Dogon of Boni].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cazes, M H

    1991-01-01

    The principal results are presented of demographic and genetic studies among the Dogon of the mountains of Boni. The Dogon of Boni are a culturally homogeneous population who have retained their own identity. Their villages were hidden in the rocks and thus protected from the recurring attacks and pillagings of passing nomadic tribes. The attacks ceased after several generation, and the Dogon have spread out beyond their original settlements. The dogon 1st inhabited the area in the early 18th century, arriving in successive waves from the Mande country. The topography of a plain intersected by mountains and plateaus has resulted in division of the Dogon population into isolates. The Dogon currently live in some 15 villages. They are sedentary and practice subsistence agriculture. The climate is Sahelian and life is difficult under the best of circumstances. The persistent aggravation of the drought since the 1970s has caused growing concern and may prompt the population to resettle elsewhere. Women have 7.2 live births on average, with very high fertility rates between 20-40 years. High rates of remarriage and polygamy appear to increase fertility. The life expectancy at birth of 31-37 years depending on the year and the sex of the child is among the lowest in Mali. 40% or more of newborns die before the 5th birthday. Some 18 years of life expectancy are added once the 5th birthday is passed. Except in years of crisis resulting from drought and famine, cholera epidemics, or measles which strikes virulently every 3 or 4 years, most deaths are caused by malaria and fever or diarrhea and intestinal parasites. A health center opened in 1979 in the largest town of Tabi may have had some affect on mortality despite its precarious functioning and lack of support. The average age at 1st marriage is 18.2 for women and 23.9 for men. Almost everyone marries and successive divorces and remarriages are common. Polygamy rates vary in the different mountain areas. Only about 4% of marriages are outside the ethnic group. 84% of unions occur between persons from the same massif. Marriages within the same lineage are not the rule. Although cousin marriages appear to be preferred, the complexity of kinship networks among individuals on the same massif means that after a few generations everyone is related. Genetic studies show that each massive has been relatively autonomous. Of the 51 original settlers, only 1 or 2 hundred are reflected in the genealogies of each massif. Demographic dynamics are conditioned by cultural norms concerning choice of spouse, by limited pools of available partners, and by the hostile physical environment which limits communications. PMID:12285297

  13. Unusual Malignant Breast Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    D. Farrokh; B Zandi (Ph.D); J.B. Hashemi

    2007-01-01

    Numerous unusual benign and malignant breast le-sions may be seen occasionally or rarely. Some of these lesions are distinctive and easily recognized be-cause of diagnostic clinical or radiographic criteria such as inflammatory carcinoma or Paget's disease, which are primarily a clinical diagnosis. Most of the unusual malignant breast lesions have no specific di-agnostic signs and may show the mammographic or ultrasonic findings of benign lesions. Although most radiologists may never see...

  14. Automated bony region identification using artificial neural networks: reliability and validation measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective was to develop tools for automating the identification of bony structures, to assess the reliability of this technique against manual raters, and to validate the resulting regions of interest against physical surface scans obtained from the same specimen. Artificial intelligence-based algorithms have been used for image segmentation, specifically artificial neural networks (ANNs). For this study, an ANN was created and trained to identify the phalanges of the human hand. The relative overlap between the ANN and a manual tracer was 0.87, 0.82, and 0.76, for the proximal, middle, and distal index phalanx bones respectively. Compared with the physical surface scans, the ANN-generated surface representations differed on average by 0.35 mm, 0.29 mm, and 0.40 mm for the proximal, middle, and distal phalanges respectively. Furthermore, the ANN proved to segment the structures in less than one-tenth of the time required by a manual rater. The ANN has proven to be a reliable and valid means of segmenting the phalanx bones from CT images. Employing automated methods such as the ANN for segmentation, eliminates the likelihood of rater drift and inter-rater variability. Automated methods also decrease the amount of time and manual effort required to extract the data of interest, thereby making the feasibility of patient-specific modeling a reality. (orig.)

  15. Correction of bony deformities around knee by hemicallotasis using an innovative apparatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kundu Z

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Valgus and varus deformities around the knee are common. Various osteotomies and apparatuses have been described to correct these deformities. Methods: Bony deformities around knee joint in thirty patients (36 joints were corrected by osteotomy in upper tibia or lower femur which was stabilized and distracted with innovatively designed and locally fabricated T-shaped external fixator-cum-distractor. The age of the patients ranged from 5 to 48 years. The causes of deformities were post-traumatic (18, rickets (5, tibia vara (3, idiopathic (3 and Ollier?s disease (1. The deformity was in lower femur in 14 cases and upper tibia in 16 cases. Sixteen patients had genu varum, 13 genu valgum and one patient had post traumatic tackle (wind-sweep deformity i.e. genu varum one side and valgum on the opposite. Results: Good results were achieved in 27 cases (32 joints as deformity was fully corrected with full range of painless post-operative movement (follow up 2-8 yrs. Superficial pin-tract infection was the main but temporary complication particularly in summer and rainy season. Conclusion: The apparatus was found quite useful in stabilizing as well as differentially distracting the osteotomy i.e. hemicallotasis to achieve desirable amount of correction of deformities.

  16. Radiotherapy for bony manifestations of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis. Review and proposal for an international registry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: to examine the role of radiotherapy (RT) in adult Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) for osseous manifestations, to define open questions regarding RT, and to develop recommendations for the clinical decision-making and problem-solving process. Material and methods: a literature review using different medical databases was conducted including the last 3 decades, and resulting questions regarding the use of ionizing radiation were systematically compiled. Results: the literature review revealed a local control rate of 96% (93% complete remissions) in patients with osseous single-system disease and of 92% (76% complete remissions) in patients with bony involvement in multi-system disease. To increase our knowledge, a prospective registry has been developed to allow a differentiated analysis of RT outcome and definition of potential prognostic factors. Conclusion: ionizing radiation can be successfully applied as a single treatment or in combination with other therapies for osseous manifestations of LCH. It leads to high remission and local control rates. Nevertheless, many open questions still exist. A prospective clinical registry is proposed to define the exact role of RT in this disease and to develop future interdisciplinary treatment guidelines. (orig.)

  17. Periodontal bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the course of life the periodontum is subject to changes which may be physiological or pathological. Intraoral radiographs give insight into the hard structures of the dentomaxillar region and provides information on lesions in the bone of the periodontum in that they show radiopacities and radiolucencies caused by such lesions. In this thesis the relation is investigated between the true shape and dimensions of periodontal bone lesions and their radiographic images. A method is developed and tested of making standardized and reproducible radiographs suitable for longitudinal studies of periodontal lesions. Also the possibility is demonstrated of an objective and reproducible interpretation of radiographic characteristics of periodontal bone lesions. (Auth.)

  18. Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Evrim Eliguzeloglu, Dalkilic; Huma, Omurlu.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-c [...] arious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE) combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI), Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL) and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE). In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05). Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05). After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

  19. Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim Eliguzeloglu Dalkilic

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-carious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI, Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE. In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05. Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05. After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05. CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

  20. Enhancement of bony in-growth to metal implants by combining controlled hydroxyapatite coating and heat treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oron, Amir; Agar, Gauriel; Oron, Uri; Stein, Anat

    2012-07-01

    The rate of bony in-growth to heat-treated and controlled hydroxyapatite metal implants made of either titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) or stainless steel (SS) 316L inserted to the medullar canal of the femur in rats was investigated. It was found that while partial coverage of hydroxyapatite (HA) did not cause a significant elevation of their bonding strength when compared with nonheated implants, HA, and heat treatment caused a significant (p heat treat implants as well as controlled partial coating of them by HA, prior to their insertion to host bone, produce an enhancement of bone growth to metal implants greater than utilization of each method alone. Our findings may be used to further enhance bony in-growth to metal implants in several clinical settings, producing avid implants with superior integration capabilities. PMID:22447664

  1. Concerning the etiology of bony bridges along the sides of the terminal phalanx of the great toe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Besides in acromegaly bony bridges at the terminal phalanx of the great toe occur in one third of cases with peripheral signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, systemic diseases as rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis with chronic inflammation of the interphalangeal joint of the great toe respectively extraarticular osseous changes in the terminal phalanx of the great toe do not influence the development of such bridges. (orig.)

  2. Concerning the etiology of bony bridges along the sides of the terminal phalanx of the great toe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, E.

    1987-06-01

    Besides in acromegaly bony bridges at the terminal phalanx of the great toe occur in one third of cases with peripheral signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, systemic diseases as rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis with chronic inflammation of the interphalangeal joint of the great toe respectively extraarticular osseous changes in the terminal phalanx of the great toe do not influence the development of such bridges.

  3. Association between condylar morphology and changes in bony microstructure and sub-synovial inflammation in experimental temporomandibular joint arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Kasper Dahl; Hauge, Ellen Margrethe; Dalstra, Michel; Stoustrup, Peter bangsgaard; Küseler, Annelise; Pedersen, Thomas Klit; Herlin, Troels

    2011-01-01

    J Oral Pathol Med (2010) Background: In juvenile idiopathic arthritis involvement of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) is often associated with mandibular growth deviations. The relation between the growth deviations and severity of the inflammation, condylar shape, the micro-architecture, and the quality of the bone has not previously been investigated. This paper studies the effect on the bony structures in mandibular condylar development in rabbits with antigen-induced arthritis. Methods: I...

  4. Thoracic hyperextension injury with complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage: Case report of a potentially life-threatening injury

    OpenAIRE

    Bailey James; VanderHeiden Todd; Burlew Clay; Pinski-Sibbel Sarah; Jordan Janeen; Moore Ernest E.; Stahel Philip F

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Severe chest wall injuries are potentially life-threatening injuries which require a standardized multidisciplinary management strategy for prevention of posttraumatic complications and adverse outcome. Case presentation We report the successful management of a 55-year old man who sustained a complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage secondary to an “all-terrain vehicle” roll-over accident. The injury pattern consisted of a bilateral “flail chest” with serial segment...

  5. Does bony hip morphology affect the outcome of treatment for patients with adductor-related groin pain?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hölmich, Per; Thorborg, Kristian; Nyvold, Per; Klit, Jakob; Nielsen, Michael B; Troelsen, Anders

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Adductor-related groin pain and bony morphology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia can coexist clinically. A previous randomised controlled trial in which athletes with adductor-related groin pain underwent either passive treatment (PT) or active treatment (AT) showed good results in the AT group. The primary purpose of the present study was to evaluate if radiological signs of FAI or hip dysplasia seem to affect the clinical outcome, initially and at 8-12?ye...

  6. Cortical tibial osteoperiosteal flap technique to achieve bony bridge in transtibial amputation: experience in nine adult patients

    OpenAIRE

    Mongon, Mauricio Leal; Piva, Felipe Alberto; Mistro Neto, Sylvio; Carvalho, Jose Andre; Belangero, William Dias; Livani, Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Amputation, especially of the lower limbs, is a surgical procedure that gives excellent results when conducted under the appropriate conditions. In 1949 Ertl developed a technique for transtibial osteomyoplastic amputation which restored the intraosseous pressure through canal obliteration and expanded the area of terminal support through a bony bridge between the fibula and distal tibia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a modification of the original Ertl’s techn...

  7. Clinical evaluation of an all-in-one adhesive in non-carious cervical lesions with different degrees of dentin sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, André V; Heymann, Harald O; Swift, Edward J; Sturdevant, John R; Wilder, Aldridge D

    2008-01-01

    This randomized clinical trial compared the performance of an all-in-one adhesive (iBond) applied in sclerotic and non-sclerotic non-carious cervical lesions with that of a three-step etch-prime-bond adhesive (Gluma Solid Bond, SB). One-hundred and five lesions were randomly assigned to four groups according to adhesive, sclerosis scale and technique: 1) SB applied to lesions with sclerosis scale 1 and 2 (n=26); 2) iBond applied to lesions with sclerosis scale 1 and 2 (n=28); 3) iBond applied to lesions with sclerosis scale 3 and 4 (n=25) and 4) iBond applied with prior acid-etching to lesions with sclerosis scale 3 and 4 (n=26). A microfilled composite (Durafill VS) was used as the restorative material. The restorations were evaluated for retention, color match, marginal adaptation, anatomic form, cavosurface margin discoloration, secondary caries, pre- and post-operative sensitivity, surface texture and fracture at insertion (baseline), 6, 18 months and at 3 years using modified USPHS evaluation criteria (Alfa=excellent; Bravo=clinically acceptable; Charlie=clinically unacceptable). There was a high percentage of Bravo scores for marginal adaptation (4%-32%) and marginal discoloration (18%-60%) in Groups 2, 3 and 4, but all groups had <5% Charlie scores at 6 months and <10% Charlie scores at 18 months for retention and marginal discoloration, respectively. However, it should be noted that 13% of the restorations in Group 4 were not retained at three years. PMID:18666493

  8. Nutrient vessel canals. Differential diagnosis of zystoid carpal lesions on MRI?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To find and describe potential MRI criteria of nutrient vessel canals of carpal bones. Methods and material: 16 wrists of 13 patients with pain and radiographic depiction of cystic changes within the lunate were examined. The MRI protocol included coronal and sagittal T1- and T2-weighted SE sequences (4 mm slices, 120 FOV, 256x256 matrix) as well as coronal STIR images. Final diagnosis was confirmed by surgery (n=5) and follow up. 10 cadaveric ossa lunata were studied to describe size, number, location and shape of nutrient vessel canals. Results: Ganglion cysts (n=6) showed characteristic signs. In ulnar impaction syndrome (n=1) small cystic lesions in the lunate were surrounded by a sclerotic rim and located near the proximal ulnar surface. In Kienboeck's disease (n=3) cystic components were irregular and surrounded by bone marrow edema. Nutrient vessel canals (n=7) imaged as 1 to 3 small cystic lesions within the palmar or dorsal subchondral region. Conclusion: MRI can aid in differential diagnosis of cystic carpal lesions. Nutrient vessel canals may not be mistaken for pathologic cystic lesions. Carpal ganglion cysts show distinct diagnostic patterns. (orig.)

  9. Endocrine and Local IGF-I in the Bony Fish Immune System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, Anne-Constance; Faass, Oliver; Köllner, Bernd; Shved, Natallia; Link, Karl; Casanova, Ayako; Wenger, Michael; D'Cotta, Helena; Baroiller, Jean-François; Ullrich, Oliver; Reinecke, Manfred; Eppler, Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    A role for GH and IGF-I in the modulation of the immune system has been under discussion for decades. Generally, GH is considered a stimulator of innate immune parameters in mammals and teleost fish. The stimulatory effects in humans as well as in bony fish often appear to be correlated with elevated endocrine IGF-I (liver-derived), which has also been shown to be suppressed during infection in some studies. Nevertheless, data are still fragmentary. Some studies point to an important role of GH and IGF-I particularly during immune organ development and constitution. Even less is known about the potential relevance of local (autocrine/paracrine) IGF-I within adult and developing immune organs, and the distinct localization of IGF-I in immune cells and tissues of mammals and fish has not been systematically defined. Thus far, IGF-I has been localized in different mammalian immune cell types, particularly macrophages and granulocytes, and in supporting cells, but not in T-lymphocytes. In the present study, we detected IGF-I in phagocytic cells isolated from rainbow trout head kidney and, in contrast to some findings in mammals, in T-cells of a channel catfish cell line. Thus, although numerous analogies among mammals and teleosts exist not only for the GH/IGF-system, but also for the immune system, there are differences that should be further investigated. For instance, it is unclear whether the primarily reported role of GH/IGF-I in the innate immune response is due to the lack of studies focusing on the adaptive immune system, or whether it truly preferentially concerns innate immune parameters. Infectious challenges in combination with GH/IGF-I manipulations are another important topic that has not been sufficiently addressed to date, particularly with respect to developmental and environmental influences on fish growth and health. PMID:26821056

  10. Osteoporosis posmenopausia según densitometría ósea / Postmenopausal osteoporosis according to bony densitometry

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dayana, Couto Núñez; Danilo, Nápoles Méndez; Isabel, Deulofeu Betancourt.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 146 mujeres, atendidas en la Consulta de Climaterio del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" de Santiago de Cuba, durante el 2010, con vistas a medir la pérdida de masa ósea en ellas. Los resultados mostraron como factores de ries [...] go predominantes: la ooforectomía bilateral antes de los 50 años, el cese de la menstruación antes de los 40 años y el bajo peso. La densitometría reveló que 45,9 % de las féminas padecía osteopenia y 35,6 %, osteoporosis, con alta significación de la relación entre el climaterio y los resultados densitométricos. Se concluyó que la osteoporosis es frecuente en esta etapa, por lo que debe ser diagnosticada precozmente, de modo que se asegure una terapia eficaz y mejore la calidad de vida. Abstract in english A descriptive and cross-sectional study in 146 women, assisted at the Climacteric Department in "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital from Santiago de Cuba was carried out during the 2010, with the objective of measuring the loss of bony mass in them. The results showed as predomi [...] nant risk factors: the bilateral oophorectomy before 50 years, the ceasing of menstruation before 40 years and low weight. The densitometry revealed that 45,9 % of the females suffered from osteopenia and 35,6 %, osteoporosis, with high significance of the relation between the climacteric and the densitometric results. It was concluded that osteoporosis is frequent in this stage, so that it should be early diagnosed, and an effective therapy be assured to improve life quality.

  11. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP Bone Scintigraphy Finding of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Bone Lesion Changed from Hot to Cold Lesion: Comparing with {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Young Duk; Kim, Seong Min; Kim, Kun Ho [Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    A 26-year-old man with renal cell carcinoma underwent {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy for detecting bony metastasis after left total nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed small hot lesion in the first lumbar spine. About 12 months later, he underwent spinal MRI for lower back pain. A large mass was seen around spinous process of the first lumbar spine (L1) on spinal MRI and confirmed as metastatic renal cell carcinoma by bone biopsy. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy and {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT were underwent for further evaluation. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed cold lesion in the first lumbar spine which was initially hot and newly developed hot lesion in the twelfth thoracic spine, and which were shown as hypermetabolic lesions in {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT. We report a case of bony metastasis from renal cell carcinoma which is changed from hot lesion to cold lesion in {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy and compare with {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT.

  12. Lesion activity assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekstrand, K R; Zero, D T; Martignon, S; Pitts, N B

    2009-01-01

    This chapter focusses on the probability of a caries lesion detected during a clinical examination being active (progressing) or arrested. Visual and tactile methods to assess primary coronal lesions and primary root lesions are considered. The evidence level is rated as low (R(w)), as there are...... response to cariogenic plaque as well as lesion arrest. Based on this understanding, different clinical scoring systems have been developed to assess the severity/depth and activity of lesions. A recent system has been devised by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System Committee. The...... literature suggests that there is a fair agreement between visual/tactile external scripts of caries and the severity/depth of the lesion. The reproducibility of the different systems is, in general, substantial. No single clinical predictor is able to reliably assess activity. However, a combination of...

  13. Widespread lytic lesions—A metastatic or vasculitic process?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Fahd; Srirangan, Srinivasan; El-Miedany, Yasser; Madaan, Sanjeev

    2015-01-01

    Introduction This case highlights the complexities in the initial diagnosis and investigations of widespread lytic lesions initially perceived to be a widespread metastatic process and the consideration of alternative diagnosis. Presentation of case A 57 year-old man with a background of psoriatic arthritis presented to the rheumatology department with lumbar back pain and sensory disturbance over L4/5. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan identified lesions consistent with bony metastases at L5. The patient previously had a raised prostate specific antigen (PSA) of 10.8 ?g/L (normal scan showed lesions highly suggestive of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and subsequent magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) revealed stenosis and aneurysm in the renal artery in keeping with PAN. Therefore what was initially thought to be a widespread metastatic disease process was in fact the manifestation of a systemic vasculitic disease. Discussion PAN is a vasculitis that predominantly involves small to medium-sized vessels. The disease can affect any site in the body, but holds a predisposition for organs such as kidneys, heart and the gastrointestinal tract. Differential diagnosis of PAN should be considered in patients with widespread lytic lesions. Conclusion Due to the pathological nature of PAN and its variable clinical manifestations that add to the challenges of its diagnosis, one must hold a high clinical suspicion, even in urological conditions. PMID:26684863

  14. Benign pigmented lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdan Allemann, Inja; Goldberg, David J

    2011-01-01

    Benign pigmented lesions are a frequent complaint in dermatological patients, especially those seeking advice and therapy in a laser or cosmetic practice. Significant advances in laser technology over the last decades now allow us to effectively and safely treat various benign pigmented lesions. However, a thorough understanding of the biology of the lesion to be treated, the physical properties of the lasers to be used, and laser-tissue interactions is crucial for a successful and safe treatment. This chapter will give an overview of the types of benign pigmented lesions that can be treated with lasers and the specific lasers used to treat them. PMID:21865801

  15. Detection of hypoplasia of bony cochlear nerve canal by virtual endoscopy: a pilot study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quan Yong; Wu Lebin; Gong Wuxian; Gong Ruozhen (Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong Univeristy, Jinan, Shandong (China)), email: grzh99@yahoo.com.cn; Zu Zushan (Dept. of Radiology, Wendeng Central Hospital, Weifang Medical College, Weihai (China))

    2011-09-15

    Background: Dimensions of the bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) have been proposed as a potential diagnostic standard for hypoplasia of BCNC, but the standard remains inconsistent. We have previously found that a helix-like shape appears in normal BCNCs at VE images, whereas, the sign does not appear in some hypoplastic BCNCs. Purpose: To retrospectively examine the feasibility of computed tomographic (CT) virtual endoscopy (VE) in the evaluation of hypoplasia of BCNC on the basis of absence of a helix-like shape. Material and Methods: Twenty ears in 14 consecutive patients (mean age 5.5 years, range 1-15 years, 6 boys, 8 girls) diagnosed with hypoplasia of BCNC were included in this work. One hundred ears in 50 gender- and age-matched individuals (mean age 6.6 years, range 1-15 years, 29 boys, 21 girls) without inner ear disease and internal auditory canal (IAC) malformations served as controls. The presence or absence of a helix-like shape was evaluated by two independent reviewers. The value of VE for the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC was assessed with clinical results and routine radiologic evaluation as the reference standard. Inter-observer agreement was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were selected to test the diagnostic ability of the VE. Results: Absence of a helix-like shape was found in the cochlear area of 17 of 20 ears in patients with hypoplasia of BCNC but in none of the control subjects. Inter-observer agreement was substantial (? = 0.773). The diagnostic rates of absence of a helix-like shape for hypoplasia of BCNC in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 85%, 100%, and 98%, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups with respect to VE findings for absence of a helix-like shape (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The absence of a helix-like shape at VE images may be used as a potentially useful sign in the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC

  16. Detection of hypoplasia of bony cochlear nerve canal by virtual endoscopy: a pilot study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Dimensions of the bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) have been proposed as a potential diagnostic standard for hypoplasia of BCNC, but the standard remains inconsistent. We have previously found that a helix-like shape appears in normal BCNCs at VE images, whereas, the sign does not appear in some hypoplastic BCNCs. Purpose: To retrospectively examine the feasibility of computed tomographic (CT) virtual endoscopy (VE) in the evaluation of hypoplasia of BCNC on the basis of absence of a helix-like shape. Material and Methods: Twenty ears in 14 consecutive patients (mean age 5.5 years, range 1-15 years, 6 boys, 8 girls) diagnosed with hypoplasia of BCNC were included in this work. One hundred ears in 50 gender- and age-matched individuals (mean age 6.6 years, range 1-15 years, 29 boys, 21 girls) without inner ear disease and internal auditory canal (IAC) malformations served as controls. The presence or absence of a helix-like shape was evaluated by two independent reviewers. The value of VE for the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC was assessed with clinical results and routine radiologic evaluation as the reference standard. Inter-observer agreement was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were selected to test the diagnostic ability of the VE. Results: Absence of a helix-like shape was found in the cochlear area of 17 of 20 ears in patients with hypoplasia of BCNC but in none of the control subjects. Inter-observer agreement was substantial (? = 0.773). The diagnostic rates of absence of a helix-like shape for hypoplasia of BCNC in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 85%, 100%, and 98%, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups with respect to VE findings for absence of a helix-like shape (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The absence of a helix-like shape at VE images may be used as a potentially useful sign in the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC

  17. Imaging Pediatric Vascular Lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Tuyet A.; Krakowski, Andrew C.; Naheedy, John H.; Kruk, Peter G.

    2015-01-01

    Vascular anomalies are commonly encountered in pediatric and dermatology practices. Most of these lesions are benign and easy to diagnose based on history and clinical exam alone. However, in some cases the diagnosis may not be clear. This may be of particular concern given that vascular anomalies may occasionally be associated with an underlying syndrome, congenital disease, or serious, life-threatening condition. Defining the type of vascular lesion early and correctly is particularly important to determine the optimal approach to management and treatment of each patient. The care of pediatric patients often requires collaboration from a multitude of specialties including pediatrics, dermatology, plastic surgery, radiology, ophthalmology, and neurology. Although early characterization of vascular lesions is important, consensus guidelines regarding the evaluation and imaging of vascular anomalies does not exist to date. Here, the authors provide an overview of pediatric vascular lesions, current classification systems for characterizing these lesions, the various imaging modalities available, and recommendations for appropriate imaging evaluation. PMID:26705446

  18. Goltz syndrome: a newborn with ectrodactyly and skin lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Shatanik; Patra, Chaitali; Das, Amit; Roy, Sutirtha

    2015-01-01

    Goltz syndrome or Focal Dermal Hypoplasia is a rare multisystem disorder, involving all the three germ cell layers. The disease is thought to be inherited in X-linked dominant fashion with heterogeneous mutations of the PORCN gene at Xp11.23 locus. Majority of the cases are sporadic, mainly due to postzygotic somatic mutations. The clinical spectrum includes characteristic cutaneous manifestations, multiple skeletal anomalies, and involvement of the eyes, hair, nails, kidneys, and so on. Considerable variability is noted in the clinical expression of the disease probably due to genomic mosaicism. Around 300 cases of Goltz syndrome have been reported in the literature. Here, we report such a case with characteristic skin lesions, multiple bony defects, distinctive facial features, coloboma of iris, and bilateral hydronephrosis. The diagnosis was evident immediately after birth due to the characteristic clinical picture of the baby. PMID:25814752

  19. Tumor and tumor-like lesion of jaw bone: CT findings and clinical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the CT findings and clinical applications in Jaw bone tumor and tumor-like lesions. Methods: CT appearances of 36 patients with Jaw bone tumor proved by surgery and pathology were reviewed. Results: One osteosarcoma showed irregular soft-tissue mass with osteolytic bone destruction and new tumor bone formation. Six cases of benign tumor or tumor-like lesions showed masses with regular margin, without calcification, new tumor bone formation and periosteal reaction. Six cases of ameloblastoma showed regular margin masses with multilocular and bone expansion. The multiple bone expansion and interspersed bony trabeculae were found in 2 cases of fibrous hyperplasia of bone. Conclusion: Various jaw bone tumor and tumor-like lesions demonstrated different CT features. CT scan was one of important examination methods for diagnosis and extent evaluations. (authors)

  20. MRI of degenerative bone marrow lesions in experimental osteoarthritis of canine knee joints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the value of MRI in the detection of degenerative bone marrow abnormalities in an animal osteoarthritis model. Design. In 10 dogs with experimentally induced unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee, MRI was performed using two-dimensional spin-echo (2D-SE) and three-dimensional gradient-echo (3D-GE) imaging. Contrast enhanced T1-weighted 2D-SE sequences were also obtained after injection of gadolinium-DTPA. The results were compared with the gross and histopathologic findings and with radiography. Results. Histopathologic specimens revealed 21 osteosclerotic lesions and 5 intraosseous cysts. On 2D-SE images, 24 of 26 lesions were detected, while 21 of 26 lesions were identified on 2D-GE sequences. Radiography, including conventional tomography, demonstrated 9 of 26 lesions. Regardless of the sequence weighting, all osteosclerotic lesions appeared hypointense on MRI. Signal loss in bone sclerosis resulted primarily from the reduction of intact fat marrow, the increased bone density being of secondary importance. Quantitative signal analysis allowed approximate estimation of the grade of sclerosis. On postcontrast images, sclerotic bone remained hypointense, although significant but non-specific enhancement relative to the normal fat marrow was observed. The extent of contrast enhancement did not correlate with the grade of osteosclerosis. All five cysts were readily diagnosed by MRI. Cysts displayed either central or marginal contrast enhancement within their cavities. Conclusions. MRI provides a sensitive method for the diagnosis of osteoarthritic bone abnormalities, allowing their differentiation from most non-degenerative subarticular lesions. (orig.). With 1 tab

  1. Diffuse cavitary lung lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grunzke, Mindy; Garrington, Timothy [University of Colorado Denver, Department of Pediatrics, Aurora, CO (United States); The Children' s Hospital, Rick Wilson Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Aurora, CO (United States); Hayes, Kari [The Children' s Hospital, Pediatric Radiology, Aurora, CO (United States); Bourland, Wendy [Children' s Hospital at St. Francis, Warren Clinic, Inc., Tulsa, OK (United States)

    2010-02-15

    An 11-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of progressively worsening cough, daily fevers, and weight loss. A chest radiograph revealed multiple cystic cavitary lung lesions. An extensive infectious work-up was negative. Chest CT verified multiple cavitary lung lesions bilaterally, and [F-18]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ({sup 18}F-FDG) positron emission tomography with CT (PET/CT) showed increased uptake in the lung lesions as well as regional lymph nodes. Subsequent biopsy of an involved lymph node confirmed classical Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis type. This case represents an unusual presentation for a child with Hodgkin lymphoma and demonstrates a role for {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in evaluating a child with cavitary lung lesions. (orig.)

  2. Unusual benign breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this article is to show examples of the radiological (mammography and/or ultrasound) and pathological appearances of unusual benign breast lesions. The conditions covered are granular cell tumours, fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis, myofibroblastomas, haemangiomas, neurofibromas, and leiomyomas. The article includes the first published description of the ultrasound appearance of a myofibroblastoma. Knowledge of these appearances may help confirm or refute radiological-pathological concordance of percutaneous biopsy results during multidisciplinary assessment of these lesions and aid patient management

  3. Unusual benign breast lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, G.J.R. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: gporter@ncht.trent.nhs.uk; Evans, A.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); Lee, A.H.S. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); Hamilton, L.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); James, J.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-15

    The purpose of this article is to show examples of the radiological (mammography and/or ultrasound) and pathological appearances of unusual benign breast lesions. The conditions covered are granular cell tumours, fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis, myofibroblastomas, haemangiomas, neurofibromas, and leiomyomas. The article includes the first published description of the ultrasound appearance of a myofibroblastoma. Knowledge of these appearances may help confirm or refute radiological-pathological concordance of percutaneous biopsy results during multidisciplinary assessment of these lesions and aid patient management.

  4. Andersson Lesion in Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manimegalai N, KrishnanKutty K, Panchapakesa Rajendran C, Rukmangatharajan S, Rajeswari S

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Andersson lesions are destructive foci that appear at the discovertebral junction in ankylosingspondylitis. We report three cases of ankylosing spondylitis with such lesions. These lesions simulatean infection and in our country, mimic spinal tuberculosis.

  5. Thoracic hyperextension injury with complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage: Case report of a potentially life-threatening injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bailey James

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Severe chest wall injuries are potentially life-threatening injuries which require a standardized multidisciplinary management strategy for prevention of posttraumatic complications and adverse outcome. Case presentation We report the successful management of a 55-year old man who sustained a complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage secondary to an “all-terrain vehicle” roll-over accident. The injury pattern consisted of a bilateral “flail chest” with serial segmental rib fractures, bilateral hemo-pneumothoraces and pulmonary contusions, bilateral midshaft clavicle fractures, a displaced transverse sternum fracture with significant diastasis, and an unstable T9 hyperextension injury. After initial life-saving procedures, the chest wall injuries were sequentially stabilized by surgical fixation of bilateral clavicle fractures, locked plating of the displaced sternal fracture, and a two-level anterior spine fixation of the T9 hyperextension injury. The patient had an excellent radiological and physiological outcome at 6?months post injury. Conclusion Severe chest wall trauma with a complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage represents a rare, but detrimental injury pattern. Multidisciplinary management with a staged timing for addressing each of the critical injuries, represents the ideal approach for an excellent long-term outcome.

  6. Cortical tibial osteoperiosteal flap technique to achieve bony bridge in transtibial amputation: experience in nine adult patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mongon, Mauricio Leal; Piva, Felipe Alberto; Mistro Neto, Sylvio; Carvalho, Jose Andre; Belangero, William Dias; Livani, Bruno

    2013-04-01

    Amputation, especially of the lower limbs, is a surgical procedure that gives excellent results when conducted under the appropriate conditions. In 1949 Ertl developed a technique for transtibial osteomyoplastic amputation which restored the intraosseous pressure through canal obliteration and expanded the area of terminal support through a bony bridge between the fibula and distal tibia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a modification of the original Ertl's technique in which a cortical osteoperiosteal flap created from the tibia is used to form a bony bridge during transtibial amputation in adults. Nine patients underwent leg amputations with the cortical tibial osteoperiosteal flap technique for reconstruction of the stump. The average duration of follow-up was 30.8 (range, 18-41) months. The post-surgery examination included a clinical examination and radiography. A 6-min walk test (Enright in Respir Care 48(8):783-785, 2003) was performed in the 32nd week after amputation. At 24th week post-surgery, all patients had stumps that were painless and able to bear full weight through the end. The creation of a cortical osteoperiosteal flap from the tibia to the fibula during transtibial amputation is a safe and effective technique that provides a strong and painless terminal weight-bearing stump. This constitutes a useful option for young patients, athletes, and patients with high physical demands. PMID:23371841

  7. Clinical investigation of metastatic bony pain treated by 153Sm-EDTMP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samarium-153-ethylenediamine tetramethylene phosphonic acid (EDTMP), a bone-seeking radiopharmaceutical, was given to treat patients with disseminated bone metastases. A total of fifty patients, 26 male and 24 female, 44 metastatic and 6 primary bone tumor were treated with a single dose of 1480 MBq. Some of them had 153Sm-EDTMP whole-body bone scans 48 hours after 153Sm-EDTMP, and their lesion-to normal ratios of bone were calculated. Overall alleviation of pain with 153Sm-EDTMP was 76% (38/50) and 24% of the patients were completely relief from pain. Pain relief sustained from 4 to 8 weeks in 60% of patients. It was suggested that this new therapeutic agent may have a potential benefit for the diagnosis and management of disseminated metastatic bone carcinomas

  8. Herniation pits and cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck: an anatomical study by MSCT and ?CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine distinguishing features between herniation pits (HPs) and other cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and micro-computed tomography (microCT) examinations. Institutional review board approval was obtained to examine 37 proximal femora of 23 cadaveric specimens (mean age available in 19 cadavers, 83 years; range 68-100 years; 9 female, 8 male, 6 unknown). All 37 femora were investigated by MSCT. 23 femora, which revealed cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in MSCT examinations, were additionally examined by microCT. Cystic-appearing lesions were categorized by their location, sclerotic margin, demarcation and shape in MSCT with assessment of inter-observer agreement. Detailed cortical and trabecular properties were evaluated in microCT examinations. There were seven HPs in three femora. There were a number of abnormalities potentially imitating HPs, including focal osteoporosis (13 in 13 femora), degenerative changes (5 in 4 femora) and trabecular restructuring (5 in 4 femora) at the anterior femoral neck. HPs were differentiated on the basis of their subchondral/subcortical location, completely surrounding sclerosis, clear demarcation and round-to-oval shape in MSCT. Because of their location and their microscopic appearance, HPs seem to resemble intra-osseous ganglia at the anterior femoral neck. HPs have to be differentiated from other cystic appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck to avoid overestimation of their incidence in the context of diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement. (orig.)

  9. Nodular lung lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results obtained in 148 patients affected by nodular lung lesions have been evaluated. Transbronchial pulmonary biopsies (TBPB) and/or transthoracic fine needle biopsies (NB) have been performed. Diagnostic yield of the performed procedures was 61.5% for TBPB and 91.5% for NB. Radiographic findings and their incidence rates in benign and malignant nodular lung lesions have been considered. Accuracy rate of radiographic features, evaluated by discriminant analysis, was 77.4%. Radiographic appearance has been more related to NB (87.6%) than to TBPB (72.5%)

  10. Importance of MRI in the diagnosis of vertebral involvement in generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 9-year-old boy presented with the sudden onset of pleuritic chest pain and on CT was found to have a large pleural effusion, mediastinal fluid, splenic lesions and multiple apparently sclerotic vertebral bodies. Subsequent MRI showed that those vertebral bodies that appeared sclerotic were in fact normal, and the vertebral bodies initially interpreted as normal had an abnormal T1 and T2 hyperintense signal on MRI and were relatively lucent on CT. MRI also demonstrated abnormal heterogeneous T2 hyperintense paraspinal tissue and several multicystic soft tissue masses. Biopsy of two adjacent vertebral bodies, one relatively sclerotic and one lucent, demonstrated findings of bony remodeling without a specific diagnosis. Biopsy of an infiltrative mediastinal mass confirmed the diagnosis of generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis. MRI should be included in the assessment of vertebral involvement in this condition because CT and biopsy findings may be nonspecific. (orig.)

  11. Importance of MRI in the diagnosis of vertebral involvement in generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renjen, Pooja; Kovanlikaya, Arzu; Brill, Paula W. [New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Narula, Navneet [New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, Department of Pathology, New York, NY (United States)

    2014-11-15

    A 9-year-old boy presented with the sudden onset of pleuritic chest pain and on CT was found to have a large pleural effusion, mediastinal fluid, splenic lesions and multiple apparently sclerotic vertebral bodies. Subsequent MRI showed that those vertebral bodies that appeared sclerotic were in fact normal, and the vertebral bodies initially interpreted as normal had an abnormal T1 and T2 hyperintense signal on MRI and were relatively lucent on CT. MRI also demonstrated abnormal heterogeneous T2 hyperintense paraspinal tissue and several multicystic soft tissue masses. Biopsy of two adjacent vertebral bodies, one relatively sclerotic and one lucent, demonstrated findings of bony remodeling without a specific diagnosis. Biopsy of an infiltrative mediastinal mass confirmed the diagnosis of generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis. MRI should be included in the assessment of vertebral involvement in this condition because CT and biopsy findings may be nonspecific. (orig.)

  12. Reappearing CT lesions : 4 cases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh G

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available An overwhelming majority of disappearing CT lesions in India have been aetiologically linked to cysticercosis. We report 4 patients with disappearing CT lesions in whom the lesion later reappeared at the same (3 patients or different site (1 patient. One patient was a Taenia carrier. Serial MRI evaluation in one patient revealed a persisting lesion in the interval period. The contribution of these observations towards the understanding of the aetiology of disappearing CT lesions is discussed.

  13. [High prevalence of antiHTLV-1 antibodies in the Boni, an ethnic group of African origin isolated in French Guiana since the 18th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gessain, A; Calender, A; Strobel, M; Lefait-Robin, R; de Thé, G

    1984-01-01

    Antibodies to HTLV-1 (ELISA test using disrupted virus) were studied in different ethnic groups in French Guiana, including 135 blood donors from Cayenne, 97 Boni Blacks and 57 Wayana Indians from Maripasoula area, and 57 Hmong from Cacao village. We observed significant differences between Boni Blacks and Wayana Indians, having respectively 10.3% versus 0% of high antibody titers. The Hmong, recent refugees from Kampuchea, exhibited an intermediate level (3.5%) of infection. These results favour an African origin of HTLV-1 and raise, for the Hmong, the question of an infection acquired in Guiana. PMID:6095973

  14. Clinical Evaluation of Positioning Verification Using Digital Tomosynthesis and Bony Anatomy and Soft Tissues for Prostate Image-Guided Radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate on-board digital tomosynthesis (DTS) for patient positioning vs. two-dimensional (2D) radiography and three-dimensional cone beam (CBCT). Methods and Materials: A total of 92 image sessions from 9 prostate cancer patients were analyzed. An on-board image set was registered to a corresponding reference image set. Four pairs of image sets were used: digitally reconstructed radiographs vs. on-board orthogonal paired radiographs for the 2D method, coronal-reference DTS vs. on-board coronal DTS for the coronal-DTS method, sagittal-reference DTS vs. on-board sagittal DTS for the sagittal-DTS method, and planning CT vs. CBCT for the CBCT method. The registration results were compared. Results: The systematic errors in all methods were o. When registering the bony anatomy, the mean vector difference was 0.21 ± 0.11 cm between 2D and CBCT, 0.11 ± 0.08 cm between CBCT and coronal DTS, and 0.14 ± 0.07 cm between CBCT and sagittal DTS. The correlation between CBCT to DTS was stronger (coefficient = 0.92-0.95) than the correlation between 2D and CBCT or DTS (coefficient = 0.81-0.83). When registering the soft tissue, the mean vector difference was 0.18 ± 0.11 cm between CBCT and coronal DTS and 0.29 ± 0.17 cm between CBCT and sagittal DTS. The correlation coefficient of CBCT to sagittal DTS and to coronal DTS was 0.84 and 0.92, respectively. Conclusion: DTS could provide equivalent results to CBCT when the bony anatomy is used as landmarks for prostate image-guided radiotherapy. For soft tissue-based positioning verification, coronal DTS produced equivalent results to CBCT, but sagittal DTS alone was insufficient. DTS could allow for comparable soft tissue-based target localization with faster scanning time and a lower imaging dose compared with CBCT

  15. White matter lesion progression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hofer, Edith; Cavalieri, Margherita; Bis, Joshua C; DeCarli, Charles; Fornage, Myriam; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Srikanth, Velandai; Trompet, Stella; Verhaaren, Benjamin F J; Wolf, Christiane; Yang, Qiong; Adams, Hieab H H; Amouyel, Philippe; Beiser, Alexa; Buckley, Brendan M; Callisaya, Michele; Chauhan, Ganesh; de Craen, Anton J M; Dufouil, Carole; van Duijn, Cornelia M; Ford, Ian; Freudenberger, Paul; Gottesman, Rebecca F; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Heiss, Gerardo; Hofman, Albert; Lumley, Thomas; Martinez, Oliver; Mazoyer, Bernard; Moran, Chris; Niessen, Wiro J; Phan, Thanh; Psaty, Bruce M; Satizabal, Claudia L; Sattar, Naveed; Schilling, Sabrina; Shibata, Dean K; Slagboom, P Eline; Smith, Albert; Stott, David J; Taylor, Kent D; Thomson, Russell; Töglhofer, Anna M; Tzourio, Christophe; van Buchem, Mark; Wang, Jing; Westendorp, Rudi G J; Windham, B Gwen; Vernooij, Meike W; Zijdenbos, Alex; Beare, Richard; Debette, Stéphanie; Ikram, M Arfan; Jukema, J Wouter; Launer, Lenore J; Longstreth, W T; Mosley, Thomas H; Seshadri, Sudha; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: White matter lesion (WML) progression on magnetic resonance imaging is related to cognitive decline and stroke, but its determinants besides baseline WML burden are largely unknown. Here, we estimated heritability of WML progression, and sought common genetic variants asso...

  16. Immunopathology of skin lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Nazoora

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted on 130 patients suffering from skin lesions which included psoriasis, lichen planus, DLE, pemphigus, vitiligo and alopecia areata. Forty age-and-sex-matched healthy individuals served as control. Serum IgG, IgM, and circulating immune complexes (CIC were estimated. Significant increase in serum IgG (1937.2 ± 1030.43 mg% and IgM (232.12 ± 136.98 mg% was observed in all the skin lesions when compared with controls except in lichen planus where they were significantly lowered, values being 580.61± 77.35 mg% and 66.88 ± 6.59mg% respectively. CIC levels were significantly raised (P<0.00 1 in various skin lesions (40.49±23.29 when compared with controls (17.68± 3.21, but no significance was observed in lichen planus( 17.72 ± 4.28. Serum IgG, IgM and CIC were statistically significantly altered depending on the extent of the lesion and lowered significantly to almost normal values following treatment, thereby confirming the role of immunity in the pathogenesis of these skin disorders.

  17. Mallory-Weiss lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lange, J.; Jensen, Lone Susanne

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Malory-Weiss syndrome (MW) has been known since 1929. Only few studies exist which focus on the prognosis of the lesion. No Danish MW data are available. The purpose of the study was to describe the demographics of patients admitted with an MW to a Danish surgical unit during a 5-year...

  18. [Cervical paravertebral lesion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, M; Korbmacher, D; Hamberger, U; Sudhoff, H

    2010-03-01

    We present the case of a 56-year old male patient complaining of occasional shoulder pain and paresthesia in the left hand. Computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a left cervical lesion. Angiography was normal. Due to anatomical restrictions, the tumor could only be partly excised. Histologic examination showed a chordoma. The diagnosis and therapy options are presented and discussed. PMID:20012592

  19. Differential Diagnosis of a Periapical Radiolucent Lesion. A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malek, Matthew; Cortes, Lina M; Sigurdsson, Asgeir; Rosenberg, Paul A

    2015-01-01

    This article demonstrates a methodological approach to diagnosing a periapical radiolucency that could not be diagnosed using only basic clinical and radiographic findings. The patient was a 59-year-old Hispanic female with a small tender mass on the lower gingiva associated with tooth #25. Radiographic appearance demonstrated a well-defined radiolucent lesion at the apices of the mandibular incisors. The patient had no significant medical history. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) showed bony expansion of the buccal plate. Differential diagnosis included non-endodontic unilocular radiolucent lesions in the anterior mandibular region. Biopsy findings were consistent with periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia (PCOD). In conclusion, clinical appearance of PCOD varies from non-expansile and asymptomatic to being expansile and sometimes symptomatic. In the latter cases, it may be necessary to use additional diagnostic tools to confirm the diagnosis. PMID:26521329

  20. Accuracy of CT-guided biopsies in 158 patients with thoracic spinal lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. Inconsistent accuracies of CT-guided thoracic spinal biopsies have been reported in previous studies. Purpose. To determine the accuracy of CT-guided thoracic spinal biopsy, to compare the results with those previously reported, and to determine if there are any factors that influence the accuracy of CT-guided thoracic spinal biopsy. Material and Methods. In total, 158 consecutive CT-guided percutaneous thoracic spine procedures (performed at the Dept. of Spinal Surgery, Xian Red Cross Hospital between April 2000 and July 2010) were reviewed. The 158 lesions were categorized by location and radiographic features. Pathological and clinical follow-up were used to determine accuracy. Results. The diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided thoracic spinal biopsy was 90.5% overall. Biopsy of metastatic bone disease (98.2%) was significantly more accurate than biopsies of primary tumors (80.9%) and of hematological malignancies (47.0%) (P < 0.05 and P < 0.005, respectively). The diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided thoracic spinal biopsy was significantly higher for the lower thoracic spine (97.6%) than for the middle (90.0%) or upper thoracic spine (80.4%) (P < 0.05 and P < 0.025, respectively). The diagnostic accuracy was significantly higher for lytic lesions (96.4%) than for sclerotic lesions (81.3%) (P < 0.010). The accuracy of biopsies performed using the transpedicular approach (91.0%) was not significantly different from that of biopsies performed using posterolateral approaches (91.5%) (0.25 < P < 0.5). Conclusion. Percutaneous CT-guided thoracic spinal biopsy is a viable alternative to open surgical biopsy. The diagnostic accuracy was not affected by any of the variables except for lesion level, histology, and radiographic features

  1. Post-traumatic glenohumeral cartilage lesions: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stussi Edgar

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Any cartilage damage to the glenohumeral joint should be avoided, as these damages may result in osteoarthritis of the shoulder. To understand the pathomechanism leading to shoulder cartilage damage, we conducted a systematic review on the subject of articular cartilage lesions caused by traumas where non impression fracture of the subchondral bone is present. Methods PubMed (MEDLINE, ScienceDirect (EMBASE, BIOBASE, BIOSIS Previews and the COCHRANE database of systematic reviews were systematically scanned using a defined search strategy to identify relevant articles in this field of research. First selection was done based on abstracts according to specific criteria, where the methodological quality in selected full text articles was assessed by two reviewers. Agreement between raters was investigated using percentage agreement and Cohen's Kappa statistic. The traumatic events were divided into two categories: 1 acute trauma which refers to any single impact situation which directly damages the articular cartilage, and 2 chronic trauma which means cartilage lesions due to overuse or disuse of the shoulder joint. Results The agreement on data quality between the two reviewers was 93% with a Kappa value of 0.79 indicating an agreement considered to be 'substantial'. It was found that acute trauma on the shoulder causes humeral articular cartilage to disrupt from the underlying bone. The pathomechanism is said to be due to compression or shearing, which can be caused by a sudden subluxation or dislocation. However, such impact lesions are rarely reported. In the case of chronic trauma glenohumeral cartilage degeneration is a result of overuse and is associated to other shoulder joint pathologies. In these latter cases it is the rotator cuff which is injured first. This can result in instability and consequent impingement which may progress to glenohumeral cartilage damage. Conclusion The great majority of glenohumeral cartilage lesions without any bony lesions are the results of overuse. Glenohumeral cartilage lesions with an intact subchondral bone and caused by an acute trauma are either rare or overlooked. And at increased risk for such cartilage lesions are active sportsmen with high shoulder demand or athletes prone to shoulder injury.

  2. Lesiones deportivas / Sports injuries

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    JORGE ALBERTO, OSORIO CIRO; MÓNICA PAOLA, CLAVIJO RODRÍGUEZ; ELKIN, ARANGO V; SANTIAGO, PATIÑO GIRALDO; ISABEL CRISTINA, GALLEGO CHING.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las difere [...] ncias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados). Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Abstract in english Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to c [...] ompare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

  3. Development of efficient electron beam irradiating condition of artificial bone substitutes with 7 to 3 ratio of hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate and type I collagen to maximize bony regeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Soung Min; Eo, Mi Young; Myoung, Hoon; Kang, Ji Young; Lee, Jong Ho [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Hye Jin [Korea Basic Science Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Yea, Kwon Hae; Lee, Byungcheol [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-07-01

    Bony defects in oral and maxillofacial region was a common problem -Auto graft -Allograft -Xenograft. Accenting bone is 'Gold standard' for bone defect repair and from the rib, iliac crest, jaw and tibia. Bone is 70% inorganic components -which provide firmness, and approx. and 30% organic substances.

  4. White matter lesion progression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hofer, Edith; Cavalieri, Margherita; Bis, Joshua C; DeCarli, Charles; Fornage, Myriam; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Srikanth, Velandai; Trompet, Stella; Verhaaren, Benjamin F J; Wolf, Christiane; Yang, Qiong; Adams, Hieab H H; Amouyel, Philippe; Beiser, Alexa; Buckley, Brendan M; Callisaya, Michele; Chauhan, Ganesh; de Craen, Anton J M; Dufouil, Carole; van Duijn, Cornelia M; Ford, Ian; Freudenberger, Paul; Gottesman, Rebecca F; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Heiss, Gerardo; Hofman, Albert; Lumley, Thomas; Martinez, Oliver; Mazoyer, Bernard; Moran, Chris; Niessen, Wiro J; Phan, Thanh; Psaty, Bruce M; Satizabal, Claudia L; Sattar, Naveed; Schilling, Sabrina; Shibata, Dean K; Slagboom, P Eline; Smith, Albert; Stott, David J; Taylor, Kent D; Thomson, Russell; Töglhofer, Anna M; Tzourio, Christophe; van Buchem, Mark; Wang, Jing; Westendorp, Rudi G J; Windham, B Gwen; Vernooij, Meike W; Zijdenbos, Alex; Beare, Richard; Debette, Stéphanie; Ikram, M Arfan; Jukema, J Wouter; Launer, Lenore J; Longstreth, W T; Mosley, Thomas H; Seshadri, Sudha; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: White matter lesion (WML) progression on magnetic resonance imaging is related to cognitive decline and stroke, but its determinants besides baseline WML burden are largely unknown. Here, we estimated heritability of WML progression, and sought common genetic variants associated with WML progression in elderly participants from the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) consortium. METHODS: Heritability of WML progression was calculated in t...

  5. Acute periodontal lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera, David; Alonso, Bettina; de Arriba, Lorenzo; Santa Cruz, Isabel; Serrano, Cristina; Sanz, Mariano

    2014-06-01

    This review provides updates on acute conditions affecting the periodontal tissues, including abscesses in the periodontium, necrotizing periodontal diseases and other acute conditions that cause gingival lesions with acute presentation, such as infectious processes not associated with oral bacterial biofilms, mucocutaneous disorders and traumatic and allergic lesions. A periodontal abscess is clinically important because it is a relatively frequent dental emergency, it can compromise the periodontal prognosis of the affected tooth and bacteria within the abscess can spread and cause infections in other body sites. Different types of abscesses have been identified, mainly classified by their etiology, and there are clear differences between those affecting a pre-existing periodontal pocket and those affecting healthy sites. Therapy for this acute condition consists of drainage and tissue debridement, while an evaluation of the need for systemic antimicrobial therapy will be made for each case, based on local and systemic factors. The definitive treatment of the pre-existing condition should be accomplished after the acute phase is controlled. Necrotizing periodontal diseases present three typical clinical features: papilla necrosis, gingival bleeding and pain. Although the prevalence of these diseases is not high, their importance is clear because they represent the most severe conditions associated with the dental biofilm, with very rapid tissue destruction. In addition to bacteria, the etiology of necrotizing periodontal disease includes numerous factors that alter the host response and predispose to these diseases, namely HIV infection, malnutrition, stress or tobacco smoking. The treatment consists of superficial debridement, careful mechanical oral hygiene, rinsing with chlorhexidine and daily re-evaluation. Systemic antimicrobials may be used adjunctively in severe cases or in nonresponding conditions, being the first option metronidazole. Once the acute disease is under control, definitive treatment should be provided, including appropriate therapy for the pre-existing gingivitis or periodontitis. Among other acute conditions affecting the periodontal tissues, but not caused by the microorganisms present in oral biofilms, infectious diseases, mucocutaneous diseases and traumatic or allergic lesions can be listed. In most cases, the gingival involvement is not severe; however, these conditions are common and may prompt an emergency dental visit. These conditions may have the appearance of an erythematous lesion, which is sometimes erosive. Erosive lesions may be the direct result of trauma or a consequence of the breaking of vesicles and bullae. A proper differential diagnosis is important for adequate management of the case. PMID:24738591

  6. On-line image guidance for frameless stereotactic radiotherapy of lung malignancies by cone beam CT: Comparison between target localization and alignment on bony anatomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction. Free-breathing stereotactic radiotherapy for lung malignancies requires reliable prediction of respiratory motion and accurate target localization. A protocol was adopted for reproducibility and reduction of respiratory motion and for target localization by CBCT image guidance. Tumor respiratory displacements and tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy alignment are analyzed. Materials and method. Image guided SRT was performed for 99 lung malignancies. Two groups of patients were considered: group A did not perform any breathing control; group B controlled visually their respiratory cycle and volumes on an Active Breathing Coordinator (ABC) monitor during the acquisition of simulation CT and CBCT, and treatment delivery. GTV on end inhale and exhale CT data sets were fused in an ITV and the extent of tumor motion evaluated between these 2 phases. A pre-treatment CBCT was acquired and aligned to the reference CT using bony anatomy; for tumor positioning the ITV contour on the reference CT was matched to the visible tumor on CBCT. Interobserver variability of tumor positioning was evaluated. ITV and CBCT tumor dimensions were compared. Results. 3D tumor breathing displacement (mean±SD) was significantly higher for group A (14.7±9.9 mm) than for group B (4.7±3.1 mm). The detected differences between tumor and bony structure alignment below 3 mm were 68% for group B and 45% for group A, reaching statistical significance. Interobserver variability was 1.7±1.1 mm (mean±SD). Dimensions of tumor image on CBCT were consistent with ITV dimensions for group B (max difference 14%). Conclusions. The adopted protocol seems effective in reducing respiratory internal movements and margin. Tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy are also reduced. However bony anatomy as a surrogate of the target may still lead to some relevant positioning errors. Target visualization on CBCT is essential for an accurate localization in lung SRT

  7. Localization of lesions in aphasia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using a microcomputer, the locus and extent of the lesions, as demonstrated by computed tomography for 127 cases with various types of aphasia were superimposed onto standardized marices. The relationship between the foci of the lesions and the types of aphasia was investigated. Broca aphasics (n=39) : Since the accumulated site of the lesions highly involved the deep structures of the lower part of the precentral gyrus as well as the insula and lenticular nucleus, only 60% of the Broca aphasics had lesions on these areas. This finding has proved to have little localizing value. Wernicke aphasics (n=23) : The size of the lesion was significantly smaller than Broca's aphasia. At least 70% of the patients had the superior temporal lesions involving Wernicke's area and subcortical lesions of the superior and middle temporal gyri. Amnestic aphasics (n=18) : The size of the lesion was smaller than any other types. While there was some concentration of the lesions (maximum 40%) in the area of the subcortical region of the anterior temporal gyrus adjacent to Wernicke's area and the lenticular nucleus, the lesions were distributed throughout the left hemisphere. Amnestic aphasia was thought to be the least localizable. Conduction aphasics (n=11) : The lesions were relatively small in size. Many patients had posterior speech area lesions involving at least partially Wernicke's area. In particular, more than 80% of the conduction aphasics had lesions of the supramarginal gyrus and it's adjacent deep structures. Global aphasics (n=36) : In general, the size of the lesion was very large and 70% of the global aphasics had extensive lesions involving both Broca's and Wernicke's areas. However, there were observations showing that the lesions can be small and confined. (J.P.N.)

  8. A disappearing neonatal skin lesion.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hawkes, Colin Patrick

    2012-01-31

    A preterm baby girl was noted at birth to have a firm, raised, non-tender skin lesion located over her right hip. She developed three similar smaller lesions on her ear, buttock and right knee. All lesions had resolved by 2 months of age.

  9. Lesiones deportivas Sports injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las diferencias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados. Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to compare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

  10. Study of genital lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Kumar B

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available A total of one hundred patients (75 males and 25 females age ranged from 17-65 years with genital lesions attending the STD clinic of Bowring and LC Hospitals Bangalore constituted the study group. Based on clinical features, the study groups were classified as syphilis (39, chancroid (30, herpes genitolis (13, condylomato lato (9, LGV (7t condylomata acuminata (5, genital scabies (3, granuloma inguinole (2 and genital candidiasis (1. In 68% microbiological findings confirmed the clinical diagnosis. Of the 100 cases 13% and 2% were positive for HIV antibodies and HbsAg respectively.

  11. Analysis of pulmonary coin lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For A long time the solitary pulmonary nodule has remained a difficult problem to solve and has attracted a great deal of attension in recent years. Circumscribed coin lesions of the lung were generally peripheral in location with respect to the pulmonary hilus. Because of this, important clinical problem in management and diagnosis arise. Such a lesion is discovered through roentgenologic examination. So the roentgenologists is the first be in a position to offer advise. This presentation is an attempt to correlate a useful diagnosis with roentgenologic findings of pulmonary coin lesion which enables us to get differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lesion. Histologically proven 120 cases of the pulmonary coin lesion during the period of 8 years were reviewed through plain film, tomogram, bronchoscopy, variable laboratory findings, and clinical history. The results are as follows: 1. Male to female sex ratio was 3 : 1. In age distribution, most of the malignant pulmonary coin lesion appeared in 6th decade (39%) and 5th decade (27%). In benign lesion, the most cases were in 3 rd decade. 2. Pathological cell type are as follows: Primary bronchogenic cancer 43.3%, tuberculoma 25.8%, inflammatory lesion 17.5%, benign tumor 10%, and bronchial adenoma, harmartoma, A.V. malformation, mesothelioma, are 1 case respectively. As a result benign and malignant lesion showed equal distribution (49.1% : 50.3%). 3. In symptom analysis ; cough is the most common (43.5%) symptom in malignant lesion, next follows hemoptysis (20.9%) and chest pain (14.5%). In benign lesion, most of the patient (32.7%) did not complain any symptom. 4. In malignant lesion, the most common nodular size was 4 cm (32.3%), and in benign lesion 2 cm sized coin was most common (39.3%). 5. In general, margin of nodule was very sharp and well demarcated in benign lesion (83.3%), and in malignant lesion that was less demarcated and poorly defined. 6. Most case of calcification (82.7%) was seen in benign lesion, and the most common type is central nidus. 7. Cavitary lesion (12.5%) of thick walled irregular margin with eccentric location in the coin lesion is indicative of malignant coin lesion. 8. Stellate lesion was 7 cases and all of them were seen in tuberculomas.

  12. Staging of osteonecrosis of the jaw requires computed tomography for accurate definition of the extent of bony disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedogni, Alberto; Fedele, Stefano; Bedogni, Giorgio; Scoletta, Matteo; Favia, Gianfranco; Colella, Giuseppe; Agrillo, Alessandro; Bettini, Giordana; Di Fede, Olga; Oteri, Giacomo; Fusco, Vittorio; Gabriele, Mario; Ottolenghi, Livia; Valsecchi, Stefano; Porter, Stephen; Petruzzi, Massimo; Arduino, Paolo; D'Amato, Salvatore; Ungari, Claudio; Fung Polly, Pok-Lam; Saia, Giorgia; Campisi, Giuseppina

    2014-09-01

    Management of osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with antiresorptive agents is challenging, and outcomes are unpredictable. The severity of disease is the main guide to management, and can help to predict prognosis. Most available staging systems for osteonecrosis, including the widely-used American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) system, classify severity on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings. However, clinical inspection and radiography are limited in their ability to identify the extent of necrotic bone disease compared with computed tomography (CT). We have organised a large multicentre retrospective study (known as MISSION) to investigate the agreement between the AAOMS staging system and the extent of osteonecrosis of the jaw (focal compared with diffuse involvement of bone) as detected on CT. We studied 799 patients with detailed clinical phenotyping who had CT images taken. Features of diffuse bone disease were identified on CT within all AAOMS stages (20%, 8%, 48%, and 24% of patients in stages 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively). Of the patients classified as stage 0, 110/192 (57%) had diffuse disease on CT, and about 1 in 3 with CT evidence of diffuse bone disease was misclassified by the AAOMS system as having stages 0 and 1 osteonecrosis. In addition, more than a third of patients with AAOMS stage 2 (142/405, 35%) had focal bone disease on CT. We conclude that the AAOMS staging system does not correctly identify the extent of bony disease in patients with osteonecrosis of the jaw. PMID:24856927

  13. A clinical study on the efficacy of hydroxyapatite - Bioactive glass composite granules in the management of periodontal bony defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tirthankar Debnath

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In periodontal regeneration, several alloplastic materials are being used with a goal to reconstruct new osseous tissue in the infrabony defect sites. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of hydroxyapatite-bioactive glass (HA:BG composite granules in the management of periodontal bony defects. Materials and Methods: A randomized control study was conducted. Subjects with infrabony defects were divided into three groups. Test Group 1 (n = 10: Defect site was treated with HA:BG, with a biodegradable membrane. Test Group 2 (n = 10: Defect site was treated with HAP, with a biodegradable membrane. Control group (n = 10: Defect site was treated with open flap debridement with a biodegradable membrane Results: The healing of defects was uneventful and free of any biological complications. The gain in clinical attachment level, reduction of probing pocket depth, and defect fill were statistically significant in all three groups. TG1 sites showed significant defect fill than TG2 and CG sites. Conclusion: The performance of HA:BG was better compared to HAP and open flap debridement for the reconstruction of infrabony defects.

  14. Herniation pits and cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck: an anatomical study by MSCT and {mu}CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panzer, Stephanie; Esch, Ulrich [Trauma Center Murnau, Department of Radiology, Murnau (Germany); Abdulazim, Ahmed Nabil; Augat, Peter [Paracelsus University Salzburg and Trauma Center Murnau, Biomechanics Laboratory, Murnau (Germany)

    2010-07-15

    To determine distinguishing features between herniation pits (HPs) and other cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and micro-computed tomography (microCT) examinations. Institutional review board approval was obtained to examine 37 proximal femora of 23 cadaveric specimens (mean age available in 19 cadavers, 83 years; range 68-100 years; 9 female, 8 male, 6 unknown). All 37 femora were investigated by MSCT. 23 femora, which revealed cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in MSCT examinations, were additionally examined by microCT. Cystic-appearing lesions were categorized by their location, sclerotic margin, demarcation and shape in MSCT with assessment of inter-observer agreement. Detailed cortical and trabecular properties were evaluated in microCT examinations. There were seven HPs in three femora. There were a number of abnormalities potentially imitating HPs, including focal osteoporosis (13 in 13 femora), degenerative changes (5 in 4 femora) and trabecular restructuring (5 in 4 femora) at the anterior femoral neck. HPs were differentiated on the basis of their subchondral/subcortical location, completely surrounding sclerosis, clear demarcation and round-to-oval shape in MSCT. Because of their location and their microscopic appearance, HPs seem to resemble intra-osseous ganglia at the anterior femoral neck. HPs have to be differentiated from other cystic appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck to avoid overestimation of their incidence in the context of diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement. (orig.)

  15. Multiple bony metastases of breast cancer. Role of CA 15.3 and response to hormone therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone metastases are involved in a 65-75% of advanced metastatic breast cancer cases. Tumoral markers (CEA, CA 15.3) are useful in the follow-up and evaluation of response to treatment. Hormonal therapy is the optimal treatment option in low grade metastatic breast cancer due to low toxicity and general long term good response. We present a breast cancer case treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The patient was asymptomatic during the follow-up and multiple bone metastases were diagnosed as a result of an increased CA 15.3 marker found. Hormone therapy was the recommended initial treatment with good response and tolerance. Bone lesions remained stabilized for 7 years but after treatment suspension new bone lesions appeared. CA 15.3 marker had increased again. Reintroduction of hormonal therapy achieved again the stabilization of the lesions

  16. CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy in deep seated musculoskeletal lesions: a prospective study of 128 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puri, A.; Shingade, V.U.; Agarwal, M.G.; Anchan, C. [Tata Memorial Hospital, Orthopaedic Oncology Service, Parel, Mumbai (India); Juvekar, S.; Desai, S. [Tata Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology, Parel, Mumbai (India); Jambhekar, N.A. [Tata Memorial Hospital, Department of Pathology, Parel, Mumbai (India)

    2006-03-15

    Although large lesions of the limbs can easily be biopsied without image guidance, lesions in the spine, paraspinal area and pelvis are difficult to target, and benefit from CT guidance to improve the accuracy of targeting the lesion for biopsy purposes. A prospective study of CT-guided core needle biopsies for deep-seated musculoskeletal lesions was conducted at a referral cancer institute over a 4-year period with the aim of assessing the safety and efficacy of the procedure. From January 2000 to December 2003, 136 consecutive CT-guided biopsy sessions were undertaken for musculoskeletal lesions in 128 patients comprising 73 males and 55 females. The following data was recorded in all patients: demographic data, suspected clinicoradiological diagnosis, data related to core biopsy session (date, site, approach, total time required in minutes, number of cores, surgeon satisfaction with adequacy of cores), patient discomfort, complications, histopathology report and number of further sessions if material obtained during the first biopsy session was not confirmatory. The sample obtained during the biopsy session was considered inconclusive if, in the opinion of the pathologist, inadequate or non-representative tissue had been obtained. The diagnosis was considered inaccurate if the final histopathological diagnosis did not match with the biopsy diagnosis, or if subsequent clinicoradiological evaluation at follow up did not correlate with the biopsy diagnosis in those patients who were treated with modalities other than surgery. In 121 patients, a single session was sufficient to obtain representative material, whilst for six patients two sessions, and for one patient three sessions were necessary. The time taken for biopsy, including the pre-biopsy CT examination time, varied from 15 min to 60 min (median 30 min). For 110 bony lesions 116 sessions were required, and for 18 soft-tissue lesions 20 sessions were required. 108 biopsy sessions yielded a diagnosis, whilst 28 were inconclusive (diagnostic yield of 79.41%). Of 108 diagnostic biopsies, five were considered inaccurate (accuracy rate of 95.37%). The overall diagnostic yield and accuracy rate for bony lesions were 81.03% and 95.74%; and those for soft-tissue lesions were 70% and 92.85%. There were two complications with no permanent sequelae. CT-guided core needle biopsy is a safe, easy, and effective technique for the evaluation of deep-seated musculoskeletal lesions, with a high rate of diagnostic yield and accuracy. It facilitates definitive therapy without the patient having to undergo a major surgical procedure for diagnosis. (orig.)

  17. Mycetoma: Nonvenereal perineal lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta Shweta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycetoma is a chronic, granulomatous disease of the skin, and subcutaneous tissue, which sometimes involves muscle, bones, and neighboring organs. It is characterized by tumefaction, abscess formation, and fistulae with discharge of grains from sinuses. Mycetoma can be caused by various species of fungi (eumycetoma and aerobic actinomycetes (actinomycetoma, which occur as saprophytes in soil or plants. A tentative diagnosis sufficient to initiate treatment may be made on the basis of grain color. For instance, melanoid grains are always caused by fungi and ochroid or pale grains by actinomycetes. Although this is not the thumbrule, there are exceptional reports too. As trauma favors infection, most lesions are on the foot and lower leg but they may occur anywhere on the body mimicking actinomycosis. However, lab investigations and culture are important tool to differentiate apart from the clinical picture. We are reporting atypical case with unusual site of presentation (perineum and thigh of mycetoma.

  18. Radiotherapy of bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiotherapy represents a simple and effective palliative treatment of bone lesions. The first aim of this treatment, often combined with orthopedic procedures and medical therapy, is pain relief and improvement of the quality of life. Pain relief is achieved in a short time in about 2/3 of patients and lasting control can be documented in slow-growing tumors with a relatively long life expectancy. Many clinical reports and some randomized studies indicate that compact treatment schedules, consisting of high single fractions in a few days, can achieve the same symptomatic results as prolonged conventional treatments. More recently, multiple daily fractions and half-body irradiation have yielded interesting clinical results in particular clinical situations

  19. [Serious jaw osteolytic lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junquera, L; Corbacelli, A; Ascani, G; Iacomino, E

    2003-01-01

    Among oral and maxillofacial diseases, the maxillary osteolytic lesions constitute a rich and investigated field to define the more appropriate diagnosis and treatment. In the maxillary region, the same tumors of the other bones (osteogenic sarcoma, chondroma, etc.) cause found together with tumors and dysembryoplasias connected with the teeth development (ameloblastoma, odontoma, odontogenic myxoma, etc.). Moreover in the medullary spaces of the bones, there are reticular and hematopoietic cells that are connected with different diseases (leucemia, myeloma, lymphoma, etc.). What's more, due to the possible presence of pseudotumors (fibrous dysplasia, giant cell tumor, etc.) and metastases of tumors of other regions (breast, lung, prostate gland, etc.), the diagnosis of this disease could be difficult. In this paper the more important pictures of this disease, that due to its recurrence or malignity needs an accurate diagnosis by imaging like CT, CT-3D, MR, etc, are analyzed. The more suitable surgical approach is presented, according to the forms of the disease. PMID:12686916

  20. Classification of placental lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redline, Raymond W

    2015-10-01

    Placental pathology can be useful in a variety of ways including immediate diagnosis of important conditions affecting the mother or infant, identifying conditions that are likely to recur in subsequent pregnancies, separating clinical syndromes into distinct pathological phenotypes for further investigation, and uncovering the underlying cause of unexpected adverse outcomes. Classification of placental lesions has evolved from being a purely descriptive exercise through a stage in which the major pathophysiological processes such as disorders of maternal implantation and the amniotic fluid infection syndrome were first described to a recently proposed comprehensive classification system that includes all of the major maternal and fetal vascular and infectious and idiopathic/immune inflammatory processes (Amsterdam Placental Workshop Group). Implementation of this unified system with reproducible grading and staging should help establish evidence-based recommendations for placental submission and facilitate progress in studying the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of obstetric disorders with an underlying placental etiology. PMID:26428500

  1. Intravascular lesions of the hand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duke Wayne H

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Intravascular lesions of the hand comprise reactive and neoplastic entities. The clinical diagnosis of such lesions is often difficult, and usually requires pathologic examination. We present the largest series to date of intravascular lesions affecting the hand. Methods A retrospective review of intravascular (arterial and venous lesions involving the hand was conducted. Data regarding clinicopathologic findings were analyzed. Results We identified 10 patients with intravascular lesions of their hands including thromboemboli (n = 3, reactive intravascular conditions such as papillary endothelial hyperplasia or Masson's tumor (n = 2 and fasciitis (n = 1, as well as vascular neoplasms including pyogenic granuloma (n = 2 and angioleiomyoma (n = 2. Conclusion Blood vessel injury and/or venous thrombosis may predispose to several intravascular lesions of the hand. Recognition of reactive entities from neoplastic conditions is important.

  2. Implante de biomateriais e a consolidação óssea em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia Influence of biomaterials on the bony consolidation in spayed female dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.I. Roque-Rodriguez

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e hidroxiapatita com colágeno na aceleração da consolidação óssea do rádio de cadelas adultas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia (OSH. Utilizaram-se 14 cadelas adultas, distribuídas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo-controle e grupo OSH (submetidas à OSH. Quatro meses após a OSH, as cadelas dos dois grupos foram submetidas à cirurgia para produção de uma falha óssea de 4mm de diâmetro nos terços distal e proximal do rádio. No terço distal do membro direito, foi utilizada a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e, no membro esquerdo, a hidroxiapatita com colágeno; no terço proximal, não se utilizou nenhum biomaterial. Houve retardo na consolidação das falhas ósseas nas cadelas submetidas à OSH comparadas com as não submetidas. A hidroxiapatita com alandronato acelerou o processo de reparação e, em todos os animais dos dois grupos, a densidade óssea foi significativamente maior no terço distal onde foi implantada. Os dois biomateriais apresentaram biocompatibilidade, constatada pela ausência de reação inflamatória ou outra reação indesejável.The hydroxyapatite with alendronate and hydroxyapatite with collagen were evaluated in the acceleration of the bony consolidation of adult spayed bitch radius. For that, 14 adult bitches were distributed in two groups (control and spayed. Four months after ovariohysterectomy, the groups were submitted to the surgery for production of a 4mm diameter bony flaw in the distal and proximal third regions of the radius. In the distal region of the right thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with alendronate was used. In the distal region of the left thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with collagen was used. Any biomaterial was used in proximal part of the limb. There was a retard in bony flaws consolidation in the spayed bitches. Hydroxyapatite with alendronate showed better result, since the place it was implanted considerably increased the bony formation. Both biomaterials presented biocompatibility, verified by the absence of inflammatory reaction or other undesirable reaction.

  3. Set-up verification of cervix cancer patients treated with long treatment fields; implications of a non-rigid bony anatomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: For cervix cancer patients, treatment fields may extend up to vertebra L1. In clinical practice, set-up verification is based on measured displacements of the pelvic rim as visible in the caudal part of the treatment fields. The implications of this procedure for the positions of bony structures in the cranial part of the fields were investigated. Materials and methods: Twelve patients had four repeat simulator sessions. Both during treatment simulation (the reference) and the repeat sessions, anterior radiographs were acquired covering the whole treatment field. The films were used to investigate differences between the cranial and the caudal parts of the treatment field in day-to-day bony anatomy displacements. Results: Both in the transversal and the longitudinal directions, these differences were significant (3.5 mm, 1 SD). Indications were found that large differences in the cranio-caudal direction may be correlated with (non-rigid) internal pelvic rim rotations around a lateral axis. In the longitudinal direction, the position of L1 correlated much better with the position of vertebra S1 than with the position of the pelvic rim, which is usually used for set-up verification. Conclusions: Due to the non-rigid bony anatomy of the studied patients, the usual set-up verification and correction procedure can result in set-up errors of 10 mm and more for structures in the cranial part of the treatment field, even in the case of a perfect set-up of the pelvic rim. Possibly, other patient set-up and immobilization procedures may result in a better day-to-day reproducibility of the 3D bony anatomy shape. (Remaining) Differences in anatomy position changes between the caudal and cranial field ends may be accounted for by using non-uniform clinical target volume-to-planning target volume margins, or by an adapted patient set-up verification and correction protocol

  4. Creation of bony microenvironment with CaP and cell-derived ECM to enhance human bone-marrow MSC behavior and delivery of BMP-2

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Yunqing; Kim, Sungwoo; Khademhosseini, Ali; Yang, Yunzhi

    2011-01-01

    Extracellular matrix (ECM) comprises a rich meshwork of proteins and proteoglycans, which not only contains biological cues for cell behavior, but is also a reservoir for binding growth factors and controlling their release. Here we aimed to create a suitable bony microenvironment with cell-derived ECM and biodegradable ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). More specifically, we investigated whether the ECM produced by bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSC) on a ?-TCP scaffold can bind ...

  5. Demonstration of pseudorabies virus DNA in the mouse inner ear by an in situ nucleic acid hybridization technique in plastic embedded bony material

    OpenAIRE

    Falser, N; Bandtlow, I.; M. Hausmann; Wolf, Hans J.

    1986-01-01

    This investigation is concerned with the possibility of identifying viral DNA using the in situ DNA hybridization method in methylmethacrylate-embedded material. As an experimental model we chose viral labyrinthitis produced by intranasal infection of the mouse with pseudorabies virus. Fixation and embedding methods specially adapted to this procedure and bony histology preparation technique (specimens by grinding or micromilling) made it possible to identify viral DNA directly morphologicall...

  6. Morphometry and Variations of Bony Ponticles of the Atlas Vertebrae (C1) in Kenyans Morfometría y Variaciones de Puentes Óseos de la Vértebra Atlas (C1) en Kenianos

    OpenAIRE

    P Karau Bundi; J. A Ogeng´o; J Hassanali; P. O Odula

    2010-01-01

    Atlas bridges, the bony outgrowths over the third segment of the vertebral artery are associated with compression of the artery and nerves. There are limited studies comparing morphometry of the complete atlas bridges and that of the ipsilateral transverse foramen. Bilateral and gender differences in the morphometry of the complete bridges remain relatively unexplored. One hundred and two atlas vertebrae (49 male and 53 female) obtained from the Osteology Department of the National Museums of...

  7. Management of sphenoidal sinus lesions by septal-assisted approach: Surgical skills and advantages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Hai-Yu; Li, Yan-Ni; Fan, Yun-Ping; Feng, Shao-Yan; Gao, Jie-Bing

    2015-08-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a less invasive trans-septal approach for the endoscopic management of sphenoid sinus lesions. We performed a septal-assisted surgical procedure for endoscopic sphenoidectomy in 38 patients with isolated or combined sphenoidal sinus lesions, including fungal balls, mucoceles, purulent cystic sphenoidal sinusitis, etc. The posterior portion of the nasal septum became flexible after removal of the vomer and the sphenoidal rostrum. The superior portion of the common meatus was expanded to accommodate the endoscope after the septum was repositioned contra-laterally. The lesions were individually managed through the enlarged ostiums while damage to the mucosa of the front sphenoidal wall was avoided. All the procedures were completed successfully without intraoperative complications, and the bony ostiums were identified easily and enlarged accurately. During the follow-up period of 16 weeks to 2 years, no re-atresia or restenosis was observed. The recurrence rate was 0. No postoperative complications were recorded. All the responses from the patients were satisfactory. It was concluded that endoscopic sphenoidectomy assisted by trans-septal approach is a feasible, safe, effective and minimally invasive approach for selected cases with unilateral or bilateral lesions in the sphenoid sinuses. PMID:26223927

  8. Atypical idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wallner-Blazek, Mirja; Rovira, Alex; Fillipp, Massimo; Rocca, Mara A; Miller, Andrew David; Schmierer, Klaus; Frederiksen, Jette; Gass, Achim; Gama, Hugo; Tilbery, Charles P; Rocha, Antonio J; Flores, José; Barkhof, Frederik; Seewann, Alexandra; Palace, Jacqueline; Yousry, Tarek; Montalban, Xavier; Enzinger, Christian; Fazekas, Franz

    2013-01-01

    and magnetic resonance imaging data and obtained follow-up (FU) information on 77 of these patients over a mean duration of 4 years. The AIIDLs presented as a single lesion in 72 (80 %) patients and exhibited an infiltrative (n = 35), megacystic (n = 16), Baló (n = 10) or ring-like (n = 16) lesion...... coexisting MS-typical lesions (41 vs. 10 %, p ...

  9. Unusual lesions of the mediastinum

    OpenAIRE

    Fatima Shamsuddin; Khadilkar, Urmila N.; Debarshi Saha

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To study unusual lesions in the mediastinum, which do not originate from the thymus, lymph nodes, neural tissues or germ cells, and tissues that normally engender pathologic lesions in the mediastinum. Materials and Methods: Of the 65 cases seen, 12 unusual lesion were encountered in a 5½ year period from 2006 to 2011. Results: Two cases of nodular colloid goiter and one each of the mediastinal cyst, undifferentiated carcinoma, and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) affected the ...

  10. Laboratory effect of Boni Protect containing Aureobasidium pullulans (de Bary Arnoud in the control of some fungal diseases of apple fruit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of Aureobasidium pullulans (in the biopreparation Boni Protect against different pathogens of apples (Botrytis cinerea, Monilinia fructigena, Penicillium expansum, and Pezicula malicorticis was evaluated under laboratory con- ditions. The biocontrol product was applied at concentrations of 0.05%, 0.1%, and 0.5%. Fruits of apple cultivars 'Jonagold Decosta' and 'Pinova' were used. Boni Protect was very effective against B. cinerea on cv. 'Jonagold Decosta', reducing disease incidence by 55–83.8%. On 'Pinova' apples, this biological control product was the most efficient at earlier stages of the experiment. It inhibited grey mold by 65% after 5 days from inoculation and only by 14% after 20 days. On cv. 'Jonagold Decosta', Boni Protect at a concentration of 0.1% was also effective against M. fructigena, reducing brown rot by 31.4–74.5%, but its efficiency on cv. 'Pinova' was not significant. Blue mold caused by P. expansum was inhibited only slightly by the biocontrol product, while P. malicorticis proved to be the most resistant to its antagonistic abilities.

  11. Calcification mechanism and bony bonding studies of calcium carbonate and composite aluminosilicate/calcium phosphate applied as biomaterials by using radioactivation methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bony grafts are used as a filling biomaterial for defective bone. The introduction of new range of synthetic materials offers to surgeons additional possibilities to avoid virus transmission risks by using natural grafts in bony surgery. In this work, two materials, synthetic calcium carbonate and composite aluminosilicate/calcium phosphate were synthesized by an original method and experimented 'in vivo' as biomaterials for bony filling. Extracted biopsies were studied by several physico chemical and biological methods. The aim was to evaluate the kinetic resorption and bioconsolidation of these materials. We focused on the bioconsolidation between implant and bone by realising cartographies from the implant to the bone and on the calcification mechanism by determination of the origin of Ca and Sr responsible of the neo-formed bone. Neutron activation analysis (NAA), radiotracers 45Ca* and 85Sr* and proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) were used. Concerning the synthetic calcium carbonate, results show that twelve months after implantation, the mineral composition of implant becomes similar to that of the mature bone. The neoformed bone is composed with Ca and Sr coming from the organism when the Ca and Sr of the implant were progressively eliminated. Concerning the composite geopolymer/calcium phosphate, PIXE and histological studies reveal the intimate links between the bone and the implant starting with the first month after implantation. (author)

  12. EPIDEMIOLOGÍA LESIONAL EN FUTBOLISTAS JÓVENES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelio Olmedilla Zafra

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace algunos años, muchos estudios epidemiológicos indican la gran importancia y el constante aumento de la lesión en el fútbol intentando, algunos de ellos, determinar qué factores de riesgo son los más importantes y de qué manera operan en la incidencia de lesiones del futbolista. El objetivo del presente trabajo es, por un lado, describir las lesiones (tipo y gravedad sufridas por futbolistas jóvenes; y por otro, analizar las relaciones entre la categoría deportiva y el tipo de lesión, la gravedad de la lesión y el lugar de ocurrencia de la lesión. La muestra está formada por 72 futbolistas, de edades comprendidas entre los 14 y los 24 años, con una media de 17,2 años (± 2,7. La información relativa a los datos deportivos y a las lesiones se recogió mediante un cuestionario de auto-informe. Los resultados muestran que las lesiones producidas durante los entrenamientos duplican a las producidas en partidos, y que las lesiones más frecuentes son de tipo muscular y de carácter leve o moderado. Además, en un primer análisis aparece que la categoría deportiva parece influir en las lesiones muy graves, en las lesiones en los partidos y en las lesiones en los entrenamientos, aunque sólo se encuentran diferencias significativas entre la categoría juvenil y la tercera división respecto a las lesiones producidas en los partidos.

  13. MALIGNANCY IN LARGE COLORECTAL LESIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Oliveira dos SANTOS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Context The size of colorectal lesions, besides a risk factor for malignancy, is a predictor for deeper invasion Objectives To evaluate the malignancy of colorectal lesions ?20 mm. Methods Between 2007 and 2011, 76 neoplasms ?20 mm in 70 patients were analyzed Results The mean age of the patients was 67.4 years, and 41 were women. Mean lesion size was 24.7 mm ± 6.2 mm (range: 20 to 50 mm. Half of the neoplasms were polypoid and the other half were non-polypoid. Forty-two (55.3% lesions were located in the left colon, and 34 in the right colon. There was a high prevalence of III L (39.5% and IV (53.9% pit patterns. There were 72 adenomas and 4 adenocarcinomas. Malignancy was observed in 5.3% of the lesions. Thirty-three lesions presented advanced histology (adenomas with high-grade dysplasia or early adenocarcinoma, with no difference in morphology and site. Only one lesion (1.3% invaded the submucosa. Lesions larger than 30 mm had advanced histology (P = 0.001. The primary treatment was endoscopic resection, and invasive carcinoma was referred to surgery. Recurrence rate was 10.6%. Conclusions Large colorectal neoplasms showed a low rate of malignancy. Endoscopic treatment is an effective therapy for these lesions.

  14. Anatomical and Bone Scintigraphy Radiology: Report of the Overlap of Images in the Therapeutic Approach to Bone Lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conventional radiology, Rx simple or tomographic studies is part of the initial study of bone lesions or suspicion of them in the daily management of patients. The bone scan is a procedure widely used as an adjunct to diagnosis in extensive study of these cases, providing global skeletal metabolic information, which mainly includes the diagnosis of skeletal metastases in malignant tumors. Objective: To evaluate the overlap of anatomical and functional images in the medical management of surgical bone lesions. Materials and methods: Prospectively included 40 patients of various age groups, referred to Gamanuclear Ltd from October 2005 to April 2007, which were studied by bony growths (35) or suspected of same by focusing painful symptomatology (5). All patients had radiological studies. The bony scintigraphy were performed 3-4 hours after intravenous injection of a diagnostic dose of 99mTc MDP. The gamacamaras used was a GE XRT and other SMV Power Vision, and the overlap of images is done with Corel draw, screen hunter and Scion image

  15. [The focal renal lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuma, Jan

    2013-06-01

    The focal renal lesions are altogether common. Most frequently are found Columna Bertini hypertrophies (so called pseudotumors) and simple renal cysts. The role of sonography in the practice is to distinguish pseudotumors from real renal tumors, and simple renal cysts from complex cysts. The differentiation of complex renal cysts is possible with the help of the CEUS (= contrast enhanced ultrasound) and other imaging modalities such as CT or MRI. In these cases, the CEUS imaging agent has clear advantages over CT and MRI, because it is composed of gas bubbles, which are only slightly smaller than red blood cells and remains exclusively intravascularly while the CT and MRI contrast agents diffuse into the interstitial space without any real perfusion. The real tumors can be differentiated from certain focal non-tumorous changes based on the ultrasound and clinic. The further differentiation of individual kidney tumors and metastases using ultrasound, MRI, CT and CEUS is only partly possible. In all uncertain or unclear cases, therefore, an open or ultrasound-guided biopsy is useful. PMID:23735765

  16. Indeterminate liver lesions in cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, P J

    2002-01-01

    It is important to distinguish liver metastases from incidental benign liver lesions which may be present in patients with cancer. In a minority of cases, sonography or CT may be sufficient to characterise benign lesions, but the range of sequences and contrast media available for liver MRI provides the opportunity for more specific diagnosis in the great majority of cases. Biopsy is rarely needed.

  17. Crown amputation with intentional root retention for advanced feline resorptive lesions--a clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuPont, G

    1995-03-01

    Whole tooth extraction is generally considered to be the treatment of choice for teeth with advanced feline external odontoclastic resorptive lesions. These teeth often have both a weakened, brittle crown and radicular ankylosis. These two factors cause frustration and sometimes complications during attempts at extraction. This study investigated the alternative of intentionally leaving part or all of non-pathologic tooth roots in situ to prevent iatrogenic trauma to the patient, loss of alveolar bone, and prolonged healing of surgical defects. Fifty one roots from 23 teeth were radiographed 5-36 months following elective root retention; continued resorption without surrounding bony reaction was seen in almost all cases. In one cat, the roots retained normal periodontal ligament one year later, and in another cat that developed severe stomatitis, the intentionally retained roots were extracted at the same time that the remaining molar teeth were extracted. PMID:9693619

  18. Aggressive Ewing's sarcoma appearing as a cold lesion on bone scan; Sarcome d'Ewing agressif apparaissant comme une lesion froide sur la scintigraphie osseuse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chatti, K.; Guezguez, M.; Maha Ben Fredj, M.; Sfar, R.; Essabbah, H. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. de Medecine Nucleaire, Sahloul (Tunisia); Mtaoumi, M. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. d' Orthopedie, Sousse (Tunisia); Chatti, K. [Faculte de Medecine de Monastir, Lab. de Biophysique, Monastir (Tunisia)

    2009-10-15

    Ewing's sarcoma classically presents as a hot spot on bone scan as a result of increased vascularity of the tumor and new bone formation. Purpose We report and analyze an uncommon pattern of a 'cold' lesion in Ewing's sarcoma on bone scan and its pathophysiologic significance. Case report A 15-year-old boy complaining of thigh pain. CT scan evoked Ewing's sarcoma or osteitis. MRI evoked chronic osteitis. Scintigraphy showed a fairly intense and heterogeneous uptake on the femoral lesion and no abnormal uptake elsewhere. Biopsy showed none pathologic pattern. Three months later, a second biopsy concluded to Ewing's sarcoma. Bone scan showed a larger lesion with peripheral intense uptake centered by enlarged 'cold' area in the left femoral diaphysis and no evident bone metastasis. The patient underwent chemotherapy and surgery. Three months later, bone scan showed extensive skeletal metastasis. Conclusion Ewing's sarcoma appears usually as an intense lesion on bone scan. Nevertheless, decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake or 'cold' lesion may be seen in aggressive Ewing's sarcoma with lytic tumor, growth of which is very rapid and bony reaction is minimal. (authors)

  19. Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma. Including comments on thorotrast use and review of sequelae with particular reference to lesions of the central nervous system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wargotz, E S; Sidawy, M K; Jannotta, F S

    1988-07-01

    The occurrence of a glioblastoma with sarcoma, a gliosarcoma, in the left frontal-temporal area of a 49-year-old woman with a history of Thorotrast exposure, is described. Thorotrast-laden histiocytes and free Thorotrast material were found in both components of the tumor. An overlying, adherent dural cranial lesion was found to contain massive deposits of Thorotrast embedded in a dense fibrotic and sclerotic stroma with focal calcification. These features are typical of "Thorotrastoma." Thorotrast stains greenish-brown with hematoxylin and eosin and appears as refractile granular particles of relatively uniform size either within histiocytes or as free material. The radioactivity of the deposits was confirmed through the use of a scintillation counter, and 232 thorium was definitively identified though the use of scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Immunohistochemical studies of the tumor demonstrated glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity in areas of glioma and focal vimentin and actin immunoreactivity in areas of sarcoma. Thorotrast-associated lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are infrequently reported, and a Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma has not yet been reported. The use of Thorotrast, its radiobiology, and sequelae are reviewed with particular emphasis on lesions occurring in the CNS. PMID:3289727

  20. de lesiones a la necropsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dante González Salazar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar en becerras el grado de protección de tres inmunógenos contra la tuberculosis bovina, mediante las lesiones en la necropsia, ante un desafío con cepa patógena de M. bovis. Se utilizaron 24 becerras negativas a tuberculosis, divididas en cuatro grupos; el grupo 1 se vacunó con extracto proteínico de fi ltrado de cultivo (CFPE de M. bovis; el grupo 2, con CFPE más interferón gamma (IFN-?; el grupo 3, con BCG; el grupo 4 quedó como testigo. A los seis meses posvacunación, los animales se desafi aron con cepa de M. bovis. Posteriormente, a los seis meses se sacrifi caron, para evaluar la presencia de lesiones. En la necropsia, los linfonodos parecían abscesos; en la histopatología, las lesiones se defi nieron como una linfadenitis piogranulomatosa. Todos los animales del grupo testigo presentaron lesiones de tuberculosis, fue el grupo con mayor número de lesiones; 66.6% de éstas fueron severas. En los tres grupos inmunizados hubo animales que no presentaron lesiones; en los que si hubo, las lesiones fueron leves y moderadas. Ninguno de los esquemas de vacunación previno al 100% la infección, pues en todos los grupos hubo lesiones. Sin embargo, es evidente que en los grupos inmunizados hubo diferentes grados de protección, manifestados en ausencia de lesiones y disminución en el grado de severidad, en el grupo inmunizado con BCG esta disminución fue mayor. Se concluye que la vacuna BCG fue el inmunógeno que presentó mejores resultados, por ello podría utilizarse para el control de la tuberculosis en zonas de alta prevalencia.

  1. Changing activity in MS lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gd-DTPA enhanced T1 weighted MRI is a discriminating test for a defective blood-brain barrier, with MS lesions showing considerable variation in the pattern of enhancement. Since little is known of the changes in the blood-brain barrier in the active plaque over time, the natural history of blood-brain barrier disturbance in the MS lesion was examined to confirm earlier reports that Gd-DTPA enhancement is a consistent early event in new lesions of relapsing/remitting MS. This knowledge is essential for the use of MRI in monitoring treatment. (author). 9 refs

  2. Differential diagnosis of sacral lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors reviewed the teaching files of Temple University Hospital and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and selected the best representative cases of various lesions of the sacrum. They selected the following lesions: metastasis, chondrosarcoma, chrodoma, plasmacytoma, giant cell tumor, osteogenic sarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma, neurofibrosarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, osteoblastoma, ossifying fibroma, eosinophilic granuloma, aneurysmal bone cyst, sacrococcygeal teratoma, anterior meningocele, endodermal sinus tumor, and stress fracture. The authors illustrate, for each lesion, the likely age range, sights of predilection, likelihood of occurrence in the sacrum, and radiographic findings helpful in limiting the differential diagnosis. They demonstrate the value of bone scintigraphy in detecting, and CT in confirming, stress fractures of the sacrum

  3. Nerve lesioning with direct current

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravid, E. Natalie; Shi Gan, Liu; Todd, Kathryn; Prochazka, Arthur

    2011-02-01

    Spastic hypertonus (muscle over-activity due to exaggerated stretch reflexes) often develops in people with stroke, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury. Lesioning of nerves, e.g. with phenol or botulinum toxin is widely performed to reduce spastic hypertonus. We have explored the use of direct electrical current (DC) to lesion peripheral nerves. In a series of animal experiments, DC reduced muscle force by controlled amounts and the reduction could last several months. We conclude that in some cases controlled DC lesioning may provide an effective alternative to the less controllable molecular treatments available today.

  4. Lesions of the long head of the biceps brachii - causations and assessment with imaging modalities (sonography, X-ray, arthrography, CT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because of unusual anatomy and function the long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) is often subject to pathologic changes. On reviewing 354 sonographies of the shoulder (7.5 MHz), it was found that 61 (=17%) abnormal findings of the LHB were reported such as degenerative changes accompanying impingement stadium II and III (atrophy, hypertrophy, effusion), intracapsular ruptures, acute isolated tenosynovities and bony changes of the sulcus (bony spurs, shallow and dysplastic sulcus with subluxation of the LHB). Each abnormal finding was confirmed by X-ray and arthrography (some via CT) and compared with sonographic report. There seems to be a strikingly high percentage of rotator cuff tears connected with lesions of the LHB and the reduced filling of the sheath of the LHB, if combined lesions were apparent elsewhere in the shoulder. We consider sonography to be the method of choice in the assessment of LHB injuries; in case of a verified lesion of the LHB, other pathologic conditions elsewhere in the shoulder are likely. (orig.)

  5. Use of enamel matrix protein derivative with minimally invasive surgical approach in intra-bony periodontal defects: clinical and patient-centered outcomes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernanda Vieira, Ribeiro; Francisco Humberto, Nociti Júnior; Enilson Antonio, Sallum; Antonio Wilson, Sallum; Márcio Zaffalon, Casati.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente após abordagem cirúrgica minimamente invasiva (CMI) associada à aplicação das proteínas derivadas da matriz do esmalte (PDE) no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos. Doze pacientes apresentando um sítio com profundidad [...] e de sondagem >5 mm e sangramento à sondagem , associado à evidência radiográfica de defeito infra-ósseo, foram tratados com CMI e aplicação das PDE. Os parâmetros clínicos foram avaliados imediatamente antes do procedimento e após 3 e 6 meses. A percepção de dor e desconforto do paciente durante o período trans-cirúrgico e ao longo da primeira semana de pós-operatório, bem como a satisfação estética 6 meses após o tratamento, foram avaliadas por meio de questionários. Os resultados mostraram que o uso da CMI associada à aplicação de PDE promoveu melhoras estatisticamente significantes nos parâmetros clínicos, mínima dor e desconforto e máxima satisfação estética aos pacientes. Dentro dos limites do estudo, foi demonstrado que a associação de CMI e PDE, no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos, é capaz de promover satisfatórios resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente. Abstract in english This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >5 mm and bleedi [...] ng on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect were treated by MIST associated with EMD. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Patient perception during the intraoperative period and during the first postoperative week was evaluated. The use of MIST with EDM promoted significant improvements in clinical parameters, minimal pain/discomfort and maximum esthetics satisfaction. Within of limits of the present study, it could be shown that MIST combined with EMD for the treatment of intra-bony defects promotes satisfactory clinical and patient-centered outcomes.

  6. Post-radiotherapeutic heart lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heart structures have traditionally been considered radioresistant. In fact all tissues subjected to radiotherapy can develop lesions. Possible damage includes: - pericardiac fibrosis, the commonest and best individualized, associated with a constriction this leads to a stoppage pattern usually occurring late, around the 18th month. Its frequency depends directly on the total radiation dose; - fibrous myocarditis by direct damage to the heart muscle; - stenosis type lesions of the large coronary trunks; - in exceptional cases lesions of the aorta: hyperplastic degenerescence of the intima and adventitia or of the aortic sigmoid valvules and the mitral valves. Three observations are reported, concerning a coronary, a pericardiac and a coronary, myocardiac and pericardiac lesion. Following this account the irradiation techniques and main experimental data are reviewed and the prophylactic and therapeutic consequences to be derived from our observations and those of the literature are examined

  7. Restorative therapy for erosive lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambrechts, P; Van Meerbeek, B; Perdigão, J; Gladys, S; Braem, M; Vanherle, G

    1996-04-01

    More needs to be learned about the etiology of erosion lesions before they can be accurately diagnosed, confidently treated and, more importantly, prevented. The treatment is dependent on the location and the degree of erosion. The decision to treat an erosion lesion should be based on careful consideration of the etiology and progression of the condition. Reasons for restoring noncarious enamel/dentin lesions are discussed and various therapeutic measures are provided. Preventive and restorative therapeutic measures for noncarious abrasive/ erosive lesions are proposed such as: a change of dietary or behavior patterns; application of desensitization products; intensive fluoride therapy with or without iontophoresis; brushing with desensitizing dentifrices; adhesive penetration with dentin bonding agents; glass ionomers and compomers; resin composites; composite or porcelain veneers; crown and bridge work; occlusal adjustments and nightguard fabrication if the abfraction factor coincides. The clinical durability of restorative therapy and important clinical factors related to the restoration of multifactorial defects are discussed. PMID:8804891

  8. Lesiones intramedulares que simulan tumores

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, Routaboul; Jorge, Botello; Cuccia, Vicente; Graciela, Zúccaro.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Analizar las características clínicas y neurorradiológicas de las distintas lesiones intramedulares con la finalidad de poder diferenciar las lesiones no-tumorales de las tumorales y reservar la exploración quirúrgica sólo para aquellos pacientes sin diagnóstico y con sintomatología rápida [...] mente progresiva. Material y métodos. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 44 pacientes operados consecutivamente con diagnóstico presuntivo de tumor intramedular entre enero de 1988 y diciembre de 2007. No se incluyeron en el análisis los tumores bulbomedulares ni los del cono y filum ni tampoco los lipomas, teratomas y quistes dermoides. Resultados. Se identificaron 4 pacientes (9.1%), 3 masculinos y 1 femenino, con edad media de 9 años, que presentaban deterioro neurológico progresivo e IRM espinal compatible con tumor intramedular. El resultado histopatológico confirmó en los cuatro casos lesiones no tumorales: infiltrado inflamatorio inespecífico, edema, micosis y gliosis respectivamente. Conclusiones. El minucioso análisis clínico, de laboratorio y el estudio de las imágenes en IRM puede ayudar a la correcta distinción entre tumores y lesiones no-tumorales evitando la exploración quirúrgica que sólo está justificada en los casos muy dudosos acompañados de rápido deterioro neurológico funcional del paciente. Abstract in english Objective. To analyze the clinic and neuro-imaging characteristics of the intra spinal lesions in order to differentiate the non-neoplastic lesions from neoplastic lesions and to spare surgical exploration only for non-diagnosed patients with rapid deterioration. Materials and method. Fourty-four me [...] dical charts of patients operated on spinal cord lesions between January 1988 and December 2007 have been analyzed. Results. In four patients (3 male, 1 female - mean age: 9 years) who were operated with diagnosis of intra-spinal tumor, their lesions turned out to be non-neoplastic: non-specific inflammation, edema, mycosis and gliosis, respectively. Conclusions. The thorough clinical and laboratory investigation together with the study of the imaging can help distinguish between non-neoplastic lesions from neoplastic lesions in order to avoid surgical exploration which is only suitable in very doubtful cases with rapid deterioration.

  9. Oral Lesions and Lymphoproliferative Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    M. Biasotto; TIRELLI, G.; Castellarin, P.; R. Di Lenarda; Pozzato, G

    2010-01-01

    Lymphoproliferative disorders are heterogeneous malignancy characterized by the expansion of a lymphoid clone more or less differentiated. At the level of the oral cavity, the lymphoproliferative disorder can occur in various ways, most commonly as lymphoid lesions with extranodal externalization, but sometimes, oral lesions may represent a localization of a disease spread. With regard to the primary localizations of lymphoproliferative disorders, a careful examination of the head and neck, o...

  10. Comparison of prostate set-up accuracy and margins with off-line bony anatomy corrections and online implanted fiducial-based corrections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The aim of the study was to determine prostate set-up accuracy and set-up margins with off-line bony anatomy-based imaging protocols, compared with online implanted fiducial marker-based imaging with daily corrections. Eleven patients were treated with implanted prostate fiducial markers and online set-up corrections. Pretreatment orthogonal electronic portal images were acquired to determine couch shifts and verification images were acquired during treatment to measure residual set-up error. The prostate set-up errors that would result from skin marker set-up, off-line bony anatomy-based protocols and online fiducial marker-based corrections were determined. Set-up margins were calculated for each set-up technique using the percentage of encompassed isocentres land a margin recipe. The prostate systematic set-up errors in the medial-lateral, superior-inferior and anterior-I posterior directions for skin marker set-up were 2.2, 3.6 and 4.5 mm (1 standard deviation). For our bony anatomy-I based off-line protocol the prostate systematic set-up errors were 1.6, 2.5 and 4.4 mm. For the online fiducial based set-up the results were 0.5, 1.4 and 1.4 mm. A prostate systematic error of 10.2 mm was uncorrected by the off-line bone protocol in one patient. Set-up margins calculated to encompass 98% of prostate set-up shifts were 111-14 mm with bone off-line set-up and 4-7 mm with online fiducial markers. Margins from the van Herk margin I recipe were generally 1-2 mm smaller. Bony anatomy-based set-up protocols improve the group prostate set-up error compared with skin marks; however, large prostate systematic errors can remain undetected or systematic (errors increased for individual patients. The margin required for set-up errors was found to be 10-15 mm unless I implanted fiducial markers are available for treatment guidance.

  11. Distance-to-Agreement Investigation of Tomotherapy's Bony Anatomy-Based Autoregistration and Planning Target Volume Contour-Based Optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suh, Steve, E-mail: ssuh@coh.org [Division of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Schultheiss, Timothy E. [Division of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: To compare Tomotherapy's megavoltage computed tomography bony anatomy autoregistration with the best achievable registration, assuming no deformation and perfect knowledge of planning target volume (PTV) location. Methods and Materials: Distance-to-agreement (DTA) of the PTV was determined by applying a rigid-body shift to the PTV region of interest of the prostate from its reference position, assuming no deformations. Planning target volume region of interest of the prostate was extracted from the patient archives. The reference position was set by the 6 degrees of freedom (dof)—x, y, z, roll, pitch, and yaw—optimization results from the previous study at this institution. The DTA and the compensating parameters were calculated by the shift of the PTV from the reference 6-dof to the 4-dof—x, y, z, and roll—optimization. In this study, the effectiveness of Tomotherapy's 4-dof bony anatomy–based autoregistration was compared with the idealized 4-dof PTV contour-based optimization. Results: The maximum DTA (maxDTA) of the bony anatomy-based autoregistration was 3.2 ± 1.9 mm, with the maximum value of 8.0 mm. The maxDTA of the contour-based optimization was 1.8 ± 1.3 mm, with the maximum value of 5.7 mm. Comparison of Pearson correlation of the compensating parameters between the 2 4-dof optimization algorithms shows that there is a small but statistically significant correlation in y and z (0.236 and 0.300, respectively), whereas there is very weak correlation in x and roll (0.062 and 0.025, respectively). Conclusions: We find that there is an average improvement of approximately 1 mm in terms of maxDTA on the PTV going from 4-dof bony anatomy-based autoregistration to the 4-dof contour-based optimization. Pearson correlation analysis of the 2 4-dof optimizations suggests that uncertainties due to deformation and inadequate resolution account for much of the compensating parameters, but pitch variation also makes a statistically significant contribution.

  12. [Osteochondral lesions of the talus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biedert, R

    1989-04-01

    Osteochondral lesions occur either as osteochondral fractures (so called flake fractures) or osteochondritis dissecans. Both types of lesions are caused in the most of the cases by an adequate trauma. The injury is sustained during inversion of the ankle. If the foot is dorsiflexed, an anterolateral lesion will result from shearing forces by the fibula. If the inversed foot is plantar flexed and followed by rotation of the tibia on the talus, a postero-medial lesion will result from compression of the medial talar dome by the tibia, secondary to spiralling and shortening of the collateral ligaments. The diagnosis is suspected with the most common complaints of the patients to pain on weight bearing or during sports, swelling, crepitus, giving way or locking ankle after an inversion injury. In case of negative standard X-rays and doubtful clinical findings tomograms in the AP and lateral views or even a scintigraphy of both ankles ar indicated. 15 patients with osteochondral lesions were treated, 7 with an antero-lateral transchondral fracture and 8 with a poster-medial osteochondritis dissecans. The lesions were classified after Berndt and Harty and differentiated between type I-IV. 13 patients have been operated, 4 by arthroscopy. The mean follow-up time of the clinical and radiographic examination was 1 year. The results were evaluated by a point score system. 7 patients (46.6%) had good, 5 (33.3%) a fair and 3 (20%) a poor result.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2727716

  13. Pathology of serrated colorectal lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Adrian C

    2014-10-01

    The concept of serrated colorectal neoplasia has become recognised as a key process in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) and an important alternative pathway to malignancy compared with the long established ‘adenoma-carcinoma’ sequence. Increasing recognition of the morphological spectrum of serrated lesions has occurred in parallel with elucidation of the distinct molecular genetic characteristics of progression from normal mucosa, via the ‘serrated pathway’, to CRC. Some of these lesions can be difficult to identify at colonoscopy. Challenges for pathologists include the requirement for accurate recognition of the forms of serrated lesions that are associated with a significant risk of malignant progression and therefore the need for widely disseminated reproducible criteria for their diagnosis. Alongside this process, pathologists and endoscopists need to formulate clear guidelines for the management of patients with these lesions, particularly with respect to the optimal follow-up intervals. This review provides practical guidance for the recognition of these lesions by pathologists, a discussion of ‘serrated adenocarcinoma’ and an insight into the distinct molecular genetic alterations that are seen in this spectrum of lesions in comparison to those that characterise the classic ‘adenoma-carcinoma’ sequence. PMID:24561317

  14. Investigation of CT and MRI findings of cranio-orbital communicating lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate CT and MRI findings of cranio-orbital communicating lesions so as to find out communicating passages and their imaging features. Methods: Fifty-one cases of cranio-orbital communicating lesions confirmed by pathology and follow-up results were studied. CT was performed in all cases and MRI in 45 cases. Post-contrast CT and MRI was completed in 44 cases. Results: There were 31 cases (60.8%) with lesions communicating between the orbital cavity and the cranial cavity through optic canal or superior orbital fissure showing communicating soft tissue mass and enlargement of optic canal or superior orbital fissure. Four cases of optic gliomas involving optic nerve and optic chiasm, three cases with meningiomas of optic nerve sheath, and 2 cases with retinoblastoma involving optic nerve and optic chiasm showed cranio-orbital communicating masses through the optic canal. Cranio-orbital communicating mass with enlargement of superior orbital fissure was found in 22 patients including 5 meningiomas, 4 neurogenic tumors, 1 dermoid cyst, 3 inflammatory pseudotumors, 2 Tolosa-Hunt syndromes and 7 metastases from nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In addition, 20 of 51 cases (39.2%) communicated through perforating blood vessels or bony defect resulted from tumor destruction. Of these lesions, there were 10 metastases showing bone destruction in orbital walls, 5 cases with en plaque meningiomas of sphenoid bone with marked hyperostosis and widespread dural involvement, 1 chondrosarcoma involving frontal lobe and orbit, 3 adenoid cystic carcinomas involving frontal lobe, and 1 malignant meningioma with bone destruction of the superior orbital wall. Conclusion: CT and MRI could definitely demonstrate communicating passages of cranio-orbital communicating lesions and their imaging changes, which could contribute to diagnosis and differential diagnosis and provide valuable information for determining treatment measures and surgical approach

  15. Lesiones Pigmentadas: Valoración Dermatoscópica / Pigmented lesions: Dermatoscopic evaluation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Juan, Carbayo García.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 73 años de edad que consulta por la presencia de varias lesiones maculopapulares de color marrón oscuro en región frontal siguiendo el nacimiento del pelo, de crecimiento y aparición progresiva, de varios meses de evolución. El diagnóstico a simple vista es dudoso [...] , haciéndonos pensar en queratosis seborreica, nevus atípico, melanoma o carcinoma basocelular. La dermatoscopia es una técnica de interés creciente para todos los médicos, posee una utilidad demostrada en el estudio de los tumores cutáneos, especialmente los pigmentados, y facilita el diagnóstico diferencial y la mejora de la precisión diagnóstica. Mediante este examen, las lesiones presentan estructuras características de carcinoma basocelular. Abstract in english We present the case of a 73 year old woman, who came to the consultancy due to several dark-brown maculopapular lesions on her forehead, all along the hairline. The lesions exhibited progressive growth and appeared to be of several months of evolution. At first glance diagnosis was unclear and led u [...] s to consider seborrhoeic keratosis, atypical nevus, melanoma or basal cell carcinoma. Dermatoscopy is a technique of increasing interest for the medical community since it has been demonstrated to be useful in the study of cutaneous tumours, specially pigmented ones. It facilitates differential diagnosis and improves diagnostic precision. Using this technique we determined that the lesions had the typical structures of basal cell carcinoma.

  16. MULTILEVEL SOFT TISSUE WITH BONY CORRECTIVE SURGERY IN LOWER LIMB DEFORMITIES AS ONE SITTING PROCEDURE IN SPASTIC CEREBRAL PALSY: AN EXPERIENCE FROM FREE DISABLED SURGICAL CAMPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antony R

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study was intended to assess the results of multilevel soft tissue with bony corrective surgery as one sitting procedure on static deformities and contractures in lower limbs with patients of spastic cerebral palsy at free disabled surgical camps at Chhattisgarh state. In our study 30 patients were included with sixty percent male and forty percent female , within 4 - 16 years age group. Almost all patients had diplegia and only few patients had quadriplegia with grade 3 power in both upper limbs. Improvement in functional ability and locomotion of all operated patients were asse ssed by gross motor functional classification scale and with physical examination. Almost all patients who were operated in our study showed significant improvement in functional abilities and locomotion after surgery. All patients were maintaining functional abilities at follow up duration of 2 years (24 months, with 70%. excellent cases gait of patient were normal or mild spastic but they were walking without support , with 20% good cases gait of patients were spastic but patients comfortably walk with short knee braces and with 10% fair cases gait of patients were scissors but patients walked comfortably with long knee braces . Our study shows that, promising results can be obtained in spastic cerebral palsy patients with static deformities and cont ractures of joints in lower limbs with multilevel soft tissue and bony corrective surgery. We believe that it’s a team effort of the surgeon , paramedical and rehabilitation staff in postoperative period for the achievement of better results.

  17. Lesiones periapicales: diagnóstico y tratamiento / Periapical lesions: diagnosis and treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., García-Rubio; A.L., Bujaldón-Daza; A., Rodríguez-Archilla.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Las lesiones periapicales resultado de la necrosis de la pulpa dental son las patologías que más frecuentemente ocurren encontradas en el hueso alveolar. El tratamiento consiste en la eliminación de los agentes infecciosos mediante el tratamiento del canal radicular, permitiendo la cicatrización de [...] la lesión. Abstract in english Periapical lesions, which are a result of the necrosis of the dental pulp, are the most frequently occurring diseases found in the alveolar bone. The treatment involves the removal of infectious agents by treating the root canal, allowing the wound healing. [...

  18. Destructive lesions of the brain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The destructive lesions of the brain include a wide variety of congential and postnatally acquired lesions, variably designated porencephaly, schizencephaly, multicystic encephalomalacia and micrencephaly. The term ''porencephaly'' has been a source of confusion since it was first coined by Heschl in 1859. At first, ''porencephaly'' was used to describe a defect which extended through the full thickness of the cerebral mantle. The ventricular lumen then communicated with the subarachnoid space through the ''porus''. Later ''porencephaly'' was used indiscriminately to describe any cavity of the brain parenchyma, whatever its etiology, pathogenesis, or time of development. This problem in nomenclature was compounded by inability to determine whether the cavities observed represented ''true'' malformations or acquired encephaloclastic lesions. In 1946, Yakovlev and Wadsworth published two papers entitled ''Schizencephalies; study of the congenital clefts in the cerebral mantle''. In these works, they stressed the peculiar morphology of the congenital porencephalies, and suggested that these lesions were sufficiently distinctive to be isolated from the other defects of the brain. Without addressing the precise origin or developmental course of these lesions, they pointed out that the morphologic changes indicated partial agenesis of the cerebral mantle at an early stage of development. (orig.)

  19. [Percutaneous diagnostic angioscopy. Primary lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlier, C; Foucart, H; Baudrillard, J C; Cécile, J P

    1993-01-01

    Efficacy of percutaneous treatments of arterial affections requires the correct choice of indications, necessitating precise knowledge of elementary arterial lesions. Arterial endoscopy appears to be more specific than angiography for this use, since it allows direct vision in vivo of the lesion, a histopathologic approach compared with the non univocal images produced by angiography (for example, an arterial obstruction can result from varied causes). Different accidents to the endothelial surface can be observed: golden yellow atheromatous elevations on a straw yellow background, intimal flaps, mobile intra-luminal vegetations. Established atheromatous stenosis are smooth and regular, or on the contrary ulcerated and edged with irregular flaps capable of provoking an eccentric residual lumen. The vegetating atheromatous lesions may project into the lumen, often as calcified and thus pearly white scales adhering to the wall, or as larger occlusive lesions. When capable of being isolated, a thrombus often completes the stenosis: its recognition is therefore fundamental since its removal exposes the subjacent lesions to be treated. The fresh clot is coral shaped, bright red and mobile in the blood flow. Established clots are compact and greenish brown. At an advanced stage of atheroma the surface of the occluding clot is covered with a regular straw yellow endothelium. In the presence of a dissecting vessel the fibroscope may be introduced into the false channel, no longer showing typical endothelium but a coagulated mass interspersed with fibrous bands. Prosthetic stenosis result from either intimal hyperplasia or a suturing fault with plication. PMID:8473814

  20. Lesiones focales hepáticas en niños / Focal liver lesions in children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adalis, Rossell; Dianora, Navarro; Karolina, López; Enicar, Perla; Betzabeth, Quintana; Credy, Figueredo; Andrea, Nogales; Katiuska, Belandria.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones focales del hígado comprenden un grupo heterogéneo de entidades como tumores benignos y malignos, sólidos o quistes, vasculares, masas inflamatorias y metástasis, entre otras. Objetivo: reportar lesiones focales hepáticas en niños, características clínicas, estudios por im [...] ágenes y conducta terapéutica. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, basado en la revisión de 16 historias clínicas de niños con lesiones focales hepáticas en el periodo comprendido entre enero 2007 a enero 2012. Se excluyeron los abscesos hepáticos. Resultados: El 68,75%11 eran del sexo masculino y 31,25%5 del sexo femenino; con edad promedio de 9,5 años (rango: 10 días - 14 años). Las lesiones focales benignas fueron: hemangioma 4/16 (25%), hematoma hepático 4/16 (25%), quiste hepático 3/16 (18,75%), hiperplasia nodular focal 1/16 (6,25%) adenoma 1/16 (6,25%) y las malignas: hepatocarcinoma 2/16 (12,50%) y hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6,25%). La mayoría de los pacientes (56,25%) se encontraban asintomáticos, 3/16 (18,75%) presentaron dolor abdominal, 3/16 (18,75%) masa palpable y 2/16 (12,5%) ictericia. La lesión fue identificada por ultrasonido abdominal en todos los pacientes y sólo el 56,25% (9/16) ameritaron tomografía con contraste. Al 43,75% (7/16) se les realizó marcadores tumorales y de estos el 42,85% (3/7) reportaron neoplasias. El funcionalismo hepático reportó normal en el 75% de los casos. Conclusión: El ultrasonido abdominal es el método de elección para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las lesiones focales hepáticas, mientras el origen de las mismas, guía la conducta terapéutica. Abstract in english Introduction: focal liver lesions comprise a heterogeneous group of entities such as benign and malignant, solid or cysts, vascular, inflammatory masses and metastasis among others. Objective: To report focal liver lesions in children, clinical features, imaging and therapeutic behavior. Patients an [...] d Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study based on a review of 16 case histories of children with focal liver lesions in the period from January 2007 to January 2012. Liver abscesses were excluded. Results: 68.75%11 were male and 31.25%5 females, mean age 9.5 years (range: 10 days - 14 years). Focal lesions were benign: Hemangioma 4/16 (25%), liver hematoma 4/16 (25%), hepatic cyst 3/16 (18.75%), nodular focal hyperplasia 1/16 (6.25%) and adenomas 1/16 (6.25%) and malignant: Hepatocellular carcinoma 2/16 (12.50%) and hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6.25%). Most patients (56.25%) were asymptomatic, 3/16 (18.75%) had abdominal pain, 3/16 (18.75%) and palpable mass 2/16 (12.5%) jaundice. The lesion was identified by abdominal ultrasound in all patients and only 56.25% (9/16) needed tomography with contrast. To 43.75% (7/16) underwent tumor markers and of these 42.85% (3/7) reported neoplasm. Normal hepatic function reported in 75% of cases. Conclusion: An abdominal ultrasound is the method of choice for the diagnosis and management of focal liver lesions, while the origin of them, guide therapeutic conduct.

  1. Can Small Lesions Induce Language Reorganization as Large Lesions Do?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maestu, Fernando; Saldana, Cristobal; Amo, Carlos; Gonzalez-Hidalgo, Mercedes; Fernandez, Alberto; Fernandez, Santiago; Mata, Pedro; Papanicolaou, Andrew; Ortiz, Tomas

    2004-01-01

    Shift of the cortical mechanisms of language from the usually dominant left to the non-dominant right hemisphere has been demonstrated in the presence of large brain lesions. Here, we report a similar phenomenon in a patient with a cavernoma over the anterolateral superior temporal gyrus associated with epilepsy. Language mapping was performed by…

  2. MR imaging of ocular lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifty-nine of various ocular lesions were studied with MR. CT was performed in 39 of them, and compared with MR findings. MR was superior to CT in 31 cases. In diagnosis of neoplasms, MR could demonstrate delineation of tumors and their extent, especially better in visualization of secondary retinal detachment. Signal intensities and morphology were helpful to estimate histological diagnosis. Also, MR was superior to CT in diagnosis of retinal detachment, inflammation, trauma, and other conditions. MR was proved to be more useful than CT in diagnosis of ocular lesions, and should be done before CT, except in suspicious of metallic foreign bodies. (author)

  3. Lesiones de cameron: experiencia clínica / Cameron lesions: clinical experience

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto J., Bernardo; Juan P., Portocarrero; Martín, Tagle.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Es importante considerar a las lesiones de Cameron dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de causas de anemia por deficiencia de hierro secundarias a pérdidas gastrointestinales. Presentamos los datos demográficos, los hallazgos clínico-patológicos y el manejo terapéutico de pacientes con úlceras de Cam [...] eron evaluados en una clínica privada de Lima, Perú. Doce pacientes, nueve de ellos hombres, fueron incluidos en el reporte. La media de la edad al momento del diagnostico fue de 71 años (rango de edades 49-91 años). Cinco pacientes tuvieron anemia, uno de ellos catalogado como anemia severa. 91.7% de los pacientes presentaron hernias hiatales gigantes. Todos los pacientes con anemia tenían hiatos herniarios gigantes. Dos pacientes tuvieron pruebas positivas para infección por H. pylori. Dos pacientes refirieron crónico de anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES). Conclusiones: Las úlceras de Cameron son lesiones causantes de sangrado gastrointestinal crónico, y deben considerarse en el estudio de pacientes con anemia por déficit de hierro. Abstract in english Cameron lesions are becoming an increasingly important diagnosis in the evaluation of patients with iron deficiency anemia. We describe the demographic data, clinico-pathologic features and therapeutic outcome of a group of patients with Cameron lesions at a single private practice clinic in Lima, P [...] eru. Twelve patients (9 men) were included in the report Median age at diagnosis was 71 years (range 49-91). Five patients had anemia and one of them had severe anemia. 91.7% of our patients presented with large hiatal| hernias. There were 5 patients with anemia and large hernias. Two patients tested positive for H. pylori. Two patients reported chronic NSAIDs use. Conclusions: Cameron lesions are not an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and should be kept in mind in the study of patients with iron deficiency anemia.

  4. Imaging of extradural spinal lesions; Bildgebung extraduraler Raumforderungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahlhelm, F.; Schulte-Altedorneburg, G.; Naumann, N.; Reith, W. (Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Homburg/Saar); Nabhan, A. (Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar, Klinik fuer Allgemeine und Spezielle Neurochirurgie)

    2006-12-15

    There is a wide variety of spinal extradural tumors. In addition to real neoplasms, degenerative diseases, congenital abnormalities and inflammatory disorders can be causes of extradural masses. Due to the bony boundary of the spinal canal, both benign as well as malignant masses can cause progressive neurological deficits including paraplegia. Most of the spinal tumors are benign (hemangioma of the vertebral body, degenerative diseases). In younger patients congenital abnormalities and primary tumors of the spine have to be considered, whereas in adults the list of differential diagnoses should include secondary malignancies such as metastases and lymphomas as well as metabolic disorders such as osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture and Paget's disease. Cross-sectional imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) of the spine often help to make a specific diagnosis of extradural spinal lesions and represent important tools for tumor staging and preoperative evaluation. (orig.) Das Spektrum der spinalen extraduralen Tumoren ist sehr gross. Neben echten Neoplasien koennen auch degenerative Veraenderungen und Anlagestoerungen sowie entzuendliche Veraenderungen Ursachen einer extraduralen Raumforderung sein. Aufgrund der knoechernen Begrenzung des Spinalkanals koennen neben Malignomen auch benigne Tumoren und degenerative spinale Veraenderungen zu progredienten neurologischen Ausfallsymptomen (einschliesslich Querschnittsymptomatik) fuehren. Die ueberwiegende Mehrzahl der extraduralen Raumforderungen der Wirbelsaeule ist benigne (Haemangiom des Wirbelkoerpers, degenerative Erkrankungen). Bei jungen Patienten sind Anlagestoerungen und primaere Wirbelsaeulentumoren zu beruecksichtigen, wogegen beim Erwachsenen an sekundaere Malignome, wie Metastasen und Lymphome sowie eine metabolische Erkrankung, wie die osteoporotische Wirbelkoerpersinterungsfraktur oder der Morbus Paget, differenzialdiagnostisch gedacht werden sollte. Schnittbilddiagnostische Verfahren, wie die Computertomographie und die Magnetresonanztomographie, der Wirbelsaeule ermoeglichen in vielen Faellen eine artdiagnostische Zuordnung von Wirbelsaeulenlaesionen und sind ein wichtiges Instrument fuer das Tumorstaging und die praeoperative Planung. (orig.)

  5. Disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis diagnosis based on oral lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Preto Webber

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM is a deep mycosis with primary lung manifestations that may present cutaneous and oral lesions. Oral lesions mimic other infectious diseases or even squamous cell carcinoma, clinically and microscopically. Sometimes, the dentist is the first to detect the disease, because lung lesions are asymptomatic, or even misdiagnosed. An unusual case of PCM with 5 months of evolution presenting pulmonary, oral, and cutaneous lesions that was diagnosed by the dentist based on oral lesions is presented and discussed.

  6. [Morphology of a lithic lesion of the bone treated with cement filling with the addition of methotrexate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Król, R; Waloszczyk, P; Uci?ski, R; Pankowski, J

    2000-01-01

    The results of histopathologic examination of a lithic bony lesion and of the surrounding soft tissues obtained from a metastatic site from 2 patients are presented. Both patients had been previously treated surgically with a 40 g bone cement filling with 2 g of methotrexate. Revision surgical intervention was necessary because of loss of stability at the fracture site in a 68 year old female after with a metastasis from breast cancer after 8 weeks and in a 72 year old male with metastasis from cancer of the prostate after 10 weeks. During revision surgery the metal plates and the cement were removed. Tissues samples from the fracture site were taken for histopathologic examination. Fibrosis of connective tissue and haemosiderin accumulation were noted in the soft tissues surrounding the fractures site. Where there was direct contact between the bone cement and bone, necrosis of bone trabeculae and granuloma like bodies were noted. Revision surgery 10 weeks after the first procedure revealed more advanced bony necrosis. No cancerous tissue was observed in any of the cases. PMID:10838774

  7. Case report 495: Oesteochondroma-like femoral lesions due to chronic professional stress in a Swiss cheese-maker

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The case is presented of a 78-year-old man who was under treatment for carcinoma of the prostate with skeletal metastasis. As an incidental finding, clinically and radiologically, bony proturbances were observed to involve the right femoral shaft, reminescent of solitary cartilaginous exostoses. This was particularly true of the osseous overgrowth arising from the anterior aspect in the middle third of the right femur. A thick apposition of periosteal new bone was observed. However, a true cartilaginous cap was not present in either lesion excluding a solitary cartilagenous exostosis. A diagnosis of chronic stress was made, associated with the patient's occupation for 34 years as a cheese-maker, resulting in the bony alterations in the right femoral shaft. The history of lifting of cheeses with a weight of up to 120 kg from the shelf to the right thigh of the patient and from there to a table for washing, presumably had caused microfractures and subperiosteal hematomas on the surface of the femur. The mechanism of injury was discussed in detail and the subject of stress injuries incurred by such individuals as professional dancers was considered. The literature was reviewed. (orig.)

  8. COL1A1 C-propeptide cleavage site mutation causes high bone mass, bone fragility and jaw lesions: a new cause of gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McInerney-Leo, A M; Duncan, E L; Leo, P J; Gardiner, B; Bradbury, L A; Harris, J E; Clark, G R; Brown, M A; Zankl, A

    2015-07-01

    Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD) is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by bone fragility, irregular bone mineral density (BMD) and fibro-osseous lesions in the skull and jaw. Mutations in Anoctamin-5 (ANO5) have been identified in some cases. We aimed to identify the causative mutation in a family with features of GDD but no mutation in ANO5, using whole exome capture and massive parallel sequencing (WES). WES of two affected individuals (a mother and son) and the mother's unaffected parents identified a mutation in the C-propeptide cleavage site of COL1A1. Similar mutations have been reported in individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and paradoxically increased BMD. C-propeptide cleavage site mutations in COL1A1 may not only cause 'high bone mass OI', but also the clinical features of GDD, specifically irregular sclerotic BMD and fibro-osseous lesions in the skull and jaw. GDD patients negative for ANO5 mutations should be assessed for mutations in type I collagen C-propeptide cleavage sites. PMID:24891183

  9. Imaging inflammatory acne: lesion detection and tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cula, Gabriela O.; Bargo, Paulo R.; Kollias, Nikiforos

    2010-02-01

    It is known that effectiveness of acne treatment increases when the lesions are detected earlier, before they could progress into mature wound-like lesions, which lead to scarring and discoloration. However, little is known about the evolution of acne from early signs until after the lesion heals. In this work we computationally characterize the evolution of inflammatory acne lesions, based on analyzing cross-polarized images that document acne-prone facial skin over time. Taking skin images over time, and being able to follow skin features in these images present serious challenges, due to change in the appearance of skin, difficulty in repositioning the subject, involuntary movement such as breathing. A computational technique for automatic detection of lesions by separating the background normal skin from the acne lesions, based on fitting Gaussian distributions to the intensity histograms, is presented. In order to track and quantify the evolution of lesions, in terms of the degree of progress or regress, we designed a study to capture facial skin images from an acne-prone young individual, followed over the course of 3 different time points. Based on the behavior of the lesions between two consecutive time points, the automatically detected lesions are classified in four categories: new lesions, resolved lesions (i.e. lesions that disappear completely), lesions that are progressing, and lesions that are regressing (i.e. lesions in the process of healing). The classification our methods achieve correlates well with visual inspection of a trained human grader.

  10. Comparação entre hidroxiapatita porosa de coral e enxerto ósseo autógeno em coelhos / Comparison between porous hydroxyapatite of chorale and autogenous bony graft in rabbits

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arthur Silveira de, Figueiredo; Djalma José, Fagundes; Neil Ferreira, Novo; Yara, Juliano; Celso Massaschi, Inouye.

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A transplantação de osso autógeno continua sendo usada com sucesso, apesar das limitações que apresenta, principalmente no que se refere à morbidade aumentada, operações adicionais e aumento do custo. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi verificar a integração da hidroxiapatita porosa de coral como alterna [...] tiva biológica, em forma de cerâmica, para substituir o enxerto ósseo autógeno. Foram utilizados 42 coelhos albinos (Nova Zelândia), submetidos a defeito padrão em 84 côndilos femorais, e implantação aleatória, em cada lado, de enxerto ósseo autógeno ou hidroxiapatita porosa. Foram avaliados os aspectos da evolução clínica diária dos animais. Após duas, quatro e doze semanas, grupos de 14 animais foram sacrificados e feita a avaliação radiológica e macroscópica da integração dos enxertos. Peças das regiões operadas foram colhidas para estudo histológico dessa integração. Os resultados macroscópicos mostraram que a integridade óssea, coloração, cicatrização da cortical e mobilidade dos implantes não foram estatisticamente significantes para os dois tipos de enxertos, nos diferentes tempos de observação. A diferença de uma progressiva e melhor integração dos enxertos ocorreu apenas quando se compararam os três tempos de observação, e foi considerada como conseqüência direta da evolução natural do processo cicatricial. Os parâmetros radiológicos de integração seguiram o mesmo padrão dos achados macroscópicos. Os achados microscópicos mostraram que o aparecimento de tecido ósseo maduro é retardado nos enxertos de hidroxiapatita com a ocorrência de cavidades císticas. Concluiu-se que a hidroxiapatita porosa de coral foi um substituto adequado ao enxerto ósseo autógeno em coelhos. Abstract in english The transplantation of autogenous bone continues being used with success, in spite of the disadvantages that it presents, mainly in what refers the increased morbidity, additional operations and increase of the cost. The objective of this research was to verify the integration of the porous hydroxya [...] patite of chorale as biological alternative in ceramic form to substitute the autogenous bony graft. Forty-two New Zealand rabbits were submitted to na standard condylar defect witch were randomic implanted by autogenous bony graft as porous hydroxyapatite of chorale. We made clinical, macroscopic, radiographic and histologic study among the time of evolution of two, four and twelve weeks, respectively. The results were similar between the autogenous graft and the porous hydroxyapatite of chorale in the evolution of twelve weeks. It was ended that the porous hydroxyapatite of chorale is a substitute adapted to the autogenous bony graft in rabbits.

  11. Direct surgery for brainstem lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Direct surgery for intrinsic lesions of the brainstem has been considered a hazardous procedure. During the past 10 years, 32 cases of symptomatic lesions involving the brainstem were operated on. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is of greatest value in the diagnosis and for surgical indications. Almost all cases were treated by radical extirpation. Namely, 9 cavernous angiomas and 2 hemangioblastomas resulted in radical extirpation. The preoperative neurological deficits improved after surgery. Also, 2 ependymomas, 4 medulloblastomas, 4 plexus papillomas, and 1 epidermoid were successfully extirpated, and the surgical treatment for them allowed favorable outcome. Therefore, those brainstem lesions were considered to be more favorable indications for direct surgery. On the other hand, 4 astrocytomas and 6 glioblastomas were either subtotally or partially resected, in which a small incision in the fourth ventricle floor and the surface of the brainstem was made when the lesion was intramedullary. Consequently, there were neither mortality in surgery nor aggravation of the focal neurological symptoms. High-grade glioma in 6 cases was removed as much as possible, but almost all of the cases nevertheless expired due to prompt recurrence under 2 years after onset of symptoms and surgery. (author)

  12. Self-inflicted skin lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ring, Hans Christian; Smith, Matthias Nybro; Jemec, Gregor B E

    2014-01-01

    The current literature on the management of self-inflicted skin lesions points to an overall paucity of treatments with a high level of evidence (randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, or meta-analyses). In order to improve the communication between dermatologists and mental health...

  13. Stereotactic lesioning for mental illness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report stereotactically created lesioning by radiofrequency or Cyberknife radiosurgery for patients with mental illness. Since 1993, thirty-eight patients have undergone stereotactic psychosurgery for medically intractable mental illnesses. Two patients had aggressive behavior. Twenty-five patients suffered from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and ten patients had depression. Another patient suffered from atypical psychosis. Bilateral amygdalotomy and subcaudate tractotomy were done for aggressive behavior. Limbic leucotomy or anterior cingulotomy was done for CCD and subcaudate tractotomy with or without cingulotomy was done for depression. In twenty-three patients, the lesions were made by a radiofrequency (RF) lesion generator. In fifteen cases, the lesions were made with Cyberknife Radiosurgery (CKRS). The Overt Aggression Scale (OAS) declined from 8 to 2 with clinical improvement during follow up period. With long-term follow up (meaning 57 months) in 25 OCDs, the mean Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Score (YBOCS) declined from 34 to 13 (n = 25). The Hamilton Depression scale (HAMD) for ten patients with depression declined from 38.5 to 10.5 (n = 10). There was no operative mortality and no significant morbidity except one case with transient urinary incontinence. Authors suggest that stereotactic psychosurgery by RF and CKRS could be a safe and effective means of treating some medically intractable mental illnesses. (author)

  14. Focal lesions of the patella

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hedayati, B. [Royal national Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, Brockley Hill Stanmore, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Lewisham Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, A. [Royal national Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, Brockley Hill Stanmore, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2009-08-15

    Focal lesions of the patella may be identified during the investigation of anterior knee pain or as an incidental finding on radiological images. This pictorial review describes the radiographic appearances of a wide range of conditions that have been seen in this sesamoid bone. Where appropriate, computed tomography and magnetic resonance features have been included. (orig.)

  15. Juvenile xanthogranuloma with extracutaneous lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Peña, P; Mariscal, A; Abellan, C; Zuasnabar, A; Lucaya, J

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present a case of juvenile xanthogranuloma with pulmonary, retroperitoneal and splenic involvement. The similar echographic pattern of the cutaneous and visceral lesions was very helpful in order to suggest the correct diagnosis. PMID:1408451

  16. Petrous apex lesions in the pediatric population

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radhakrishnan, Rupa [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Son, Hwa Jung [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Koch, Bernadette L. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2014-03-15

    A variety of abnormal imaging findings of the petrous apex are encountered in children. Many petrous apex lesions are identified incidentally while images of the brain or head and neck are being obtained for indications unrelated to the temporal bone. Differential considerations of petrous apex lesions in children include ''leave me alone'' lesions, infectious or inflammatory lesions, fibro-osseous lesions, neoplasms and neoplasm-like lesions, as well as a few rare miscellaneous conditions. Some lesions are similar to those encountered in adults, and some are unique to children. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and primary and metastatic pediatric malignancies such as neuroblastoma, rhabomyosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma are more likely to be encountered in children. Lesions such as petrous apex cholesterol granuloma, cholesteatoma and chondrosarcoma are more common in adults and are rarely a diagnostic consideration in children. We present a comprehensive pictorial review of CT and MRI appearances of pediatric petrous apex lesions. (orig.)

  17. Osteochondral lesions in pediatric and adolescent patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghahremani, Shahnaz; Griggs, Rachel; Hall, Theodore; Motamedi, Kambiz; Boechat, M Ines

    2014-11-01

    Osteochondral lesions are acquired, potentially reversible injuries of the subchondral bone with or without associated articular cartilage involvement. Injury results in delamination and potential sequestration of the affected bone. Although an association with mechanical and traumatic factors has been established, the etiology remains poorly understood. These lesions commonly occur in the knee; articular surfaces of the elbow, ankle, hip, and shoulder are also affected. Osteochondral lesions are relatively common in children and adolescents, and the incidence is increasing. Prognosis of these lesions depends on stability, location, and size of the lesion.Imaging has an essential role in the diagnosis, staging, and management of osteochondral lesions. Many of these lesions are first diagnosed by plain film. MRI adds value by identifying unstable lesions that require surgical intervention. This review focuses on the clinical and imaging features of osteochondral lesions of the knee, elbow, and ankle. Imaging criteria for staging and management are also reviewed. PMID:25350829

  18. Petrous apex lesions in the pediatric population

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A variety of abnormal imaging findings of the petrous apex are encountered in children. Many petrous apex lesions are identified incidentally while images of the brain or head and neck are being obtained for indications unrelated to the temporal bone. Differential considerations of petrous apex lesions in children include ''leave me alone'' lesions, infectious or inflammatory lesions, fibro-osseous lesions, neoplasms and neoplasm-like lesions, as well as a few rare miscellaneous conditions. Some lesions are similar to those encountered in adults, and some are unique to children. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and primary and metastatic pediatric malignancies such as neuroblastoma, rhabomyosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma are more likely to be encountered in children. Lesions such as petrous apex cholesterol granuloma, cholesteatoma and chondrosarcoma are more common in adults and are rarely a diagnostic consideration in children. We present a comprehensive pictorial review of CT and MRI appearances of pediatric petrous apex lesions. (orig.)

  19. Imaging of Chest Wall Lesions in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Hekmatnia

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Chest wall lesions in childhood include a wide range of pathologies; Benign lesions include lipoma, neurofibroma, lymphangioma, hemangioma, and mesenchymal hamartoma."nMalignant lesions include Neuroblastoma, Rhabdo-myosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and Askin tumor."nSystemic diseases such as leukemia, lymphoma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and also infections such as tuberculosis, and actinomycosis may also cause chest wall lesions."nThe imaging characteristics of these lesions are re-viewed, but only a minority of the lesions shows diagnostic imaging features, and most of lesions re-quire biopsy and histopathological examination for "ndefinitive diagnosis."nThe role of different modalities is discussed with an emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging for demonstrating lesion morphology and local spread. Computed tomography and neuclear medicine being used mainly to assess remote disease."nIn this lecture, we discuss about imaging of chest wall lesions in children.

  20. A Comparison of Soft-Tissue Implanted Markers and Bony Anatomy Alignments for Image-Guided Treatments of Head-and-Neck Cancers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To compare the geometric alignments of soft-tissue implanted markers to the traditional bony-based alignments in head-and-neck cancers, on the basis of daily image guidance. Dosimetric impact of the two alignment techniques on target coverage is presented. Methods and Materials: A total of 330 retrospective alignments (5 patients) were performed on daily megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) image sets using both alignment techniques. Intermarker distances were tracked for all fractions to assess marker interfractional stability. Using a deformable image registration algorithm, target cumulative doses were calculated according to generated shifts on daily MVCT image sets. Target D95 was used as a dosimetric endpoint to evaluate each alignment technique. Results: Intermarker distances overall were stable, with a standard deviation of <1.5 mm for all fractions and no observed temporal trends. Differences in shift magnitudes between both alignment techniques were found to be statistically significant, with a maximum observed difference of 8 mm in a given direction. Evaluation of technique-specific dose coverage based on D95 of target clinical target volume and planning target volume shows small differences (within ±5%) compared with the kilovoltage CT plan. Conclusion: The use of daily MVCT imaging demonstrates that implanted markers in oral tongue and soft-palate cancers are stable localization surrogates. Alignments based on implanted markers generate shifts comparable overall to the traditional bony-based alignment, with no observed systematic difference in magnitude or direction. The cumulative dosimetric impact on target clinical target volume and planning target volume coverage was found to be similar, despite large observed differences in daily alignment shifts between the two techniques.

  1. Evaluation by biphotonic absorbtiometry of the bony mineral content and determination of the fracture threshold in a population of patients between the ages of 60 and 75 years

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A measurement of the bony density of vertebrae and femur was carried out, in the course of a prospective study, in 99 patients between the ages of 60 and 75 years, living in northern France. 76 patients had no recognized problem of demineralization and 23 others were consulting for an evaluation of vertebral compression. The measurement of the bony density was done by biphotonic absorbtiometry with a source of labelled Gadolinium. In women, a significant difference in the values obtained by absorbtiometry in terms of the existence of vertebral compressions, symptomatic or not, is noted. A statistical study using the ROC curves method (Receiver Operating System) has enabled us to determine a threshold of high risk of vertebral fracture measured at 31 g or 0.85 g/cm2 in women, and 35 g or 0.85 g/cm2 in men. In addition, there is a significant correlation with the vertebral radiographical index as defined by Meunier. Among the various factors of influence which were studied, only the size and the morphotype seem to play an essential role in our study group. The comparative study of the densities measured in the femoral neck and the lumbar spine enabled us to find a very significant correlation in patients with as well as without compression (r = 0.714, p < 0.001). Biphotonic absorbtiometry proves therefore to be a method which may be used to define a group with a high fracture risk permitting to determine, as early as possible, therapeutic, curative and preventive measures

  2. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of intra-bony defects in localized aggressive periodontitis patients with platelet rich plasma/hydroxyapatite graft: A comparative controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geeti Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Aggressive periodontitis is a characterized by rapid attachment loss, bone destruction and familial aggregation. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP has been proposed to promote regeneration of the lost periodontal tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of PRP combined with hydroxyapatite (HA graft in the treatment of intra-bony defects in localized aggressive periodontitis (L-AgP patients. Materials and Methods: Ten L-AgP patients having bilateral intra-bony defect ?2 mm and probing depth (PD ?6 mm were randomly treated either with the PRP/HA graft or HA graft alone. The clinical (plaque control record, bleeding on probing index, PD, and relative attachment level [RAL], and radiographic parameters (size of the bone defect were recorded pre- and post-operatively at 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: After 12 months, for both maxillary and mandibular arches, the mean PD decrease was significantly more (P < 0.05 for the test group than the control group (3.2 mm vs. 1.9 mm and 3.6 mm vs. 1.9 mm, respectively. Furthermore, the mean RAL decrease in both maxillary and mandibular arches was significantly more (P < 0.05 for the test group than the control group (3.0 mm vs. 1.2 mm and 3.1 mm vs. 1.4 mm, respectively. Radiographically, the test group showed significantly more defect fill as compared with the control group. Conclusion: Both treatments provided significant improvements in clinical and radiographic parameters in a 12-month postoperative period. PRP/HA group presented superior results regarding PD reduction, clinical attachment gain and radiographic bone fill than HA group.

  3. Does bony hip morphology affect the outcome of treatment for patients with adductor-related groin pain? : Outcome 10 years after baseline assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hölmich, Per; Thorborg, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Adductor-related groin pain and bony morphology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia can coexist clinically. A previous randomised controlled trial in which athletes with adductor-related groin pain underwent either passive treatment (PT) or active treatment (AT) showed good results in the AT group. The primary purpose of the present study was to evaluate if radiological signs of FAI or hip dysplasia seem to affect the clinical outcome, initially and at 8-12?years of follow-up. METHODS: 47 patients (80%) were available for follow-up. The clinical result was assessed by a standardised clinical outcome combining patient-reported activity, symptoms and physical examination. Anterioposterior pelvic radiographs were obtained and the centre-edge angle of Wiberg, ? angle, presence of a crossover sign and Tönnis grade of osteoarthritis were assessed by a blinded observer using a reliable protocol. RESULTS: No significant between-group differences regarding the distribution of radiological morphologies were found. There was a decrease over time in clinical outcome in the AT group with ? angles >55° compared to those with ? angles <55° (p=0.047). In the AT group, there was no significant difference in the distribution of Tönnis grades between hips that had an unchanged or improved outcome compared with hips that had a worse outcome over time (p=0.145). CONCLUSIONS: No evidence was found that bony hip morphology related to FAI or dysplasia prevents successful outcome of the exercise treatment programme with results lasting 8-12?years. The entity of adductor-related groin pain in physically active adults can be treated with AT even in the presence of morphological changes to the hip joint.

  4. Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A theoretical framework to describe the formation of lethal mutations by radiation is presented. Lesions that are repaired (and misrepaired) in each type of experiment described (delayed plating and split dose) are assumed to be the same. In this model the same (potentially lethal) lesions cause both sublethal and potentially lethal damage. Potentially lethal damage is defined as damage which may be modified by alterations in postirradiation conditions. Sublethal damage is cellular damage whose accumulation may lead to lethality. A crucial consideration in the expression of the damage is the kind of medium in which the cells are placed during the repair period. Fresh or growth medium (F-medium) is assumed to cause fixation of damage after about 3 hours, while no fixation (only misrepair) occurs in conditioned medium (C-medium)

  5. Lesiones de cameron: experiencia clínica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto J. Bernardo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Es importante considerar a las lesiones de Cameron dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de causas de anemia por deficiencia de hierro secundarias a pérdidas gastrointestinales. Presentamos los datos demográficos, los hallazgos clínico-patológicos y el manejo terapéutico de pacientes con úlceras de Cameron evaluados en una clínica privada de Lima, Perú. Doce pacientes, nueve de ellos hombres, fueron incluidos en el reporte. La media de la edad al momento del diagnostico fue de 71 años (rango de edades 49-91 años. Cinco pacientes tuvieron anemia, uno de ellos catalogado como anemia severa. 91.7% de los pacientes presentaron hernias hiatales gigantes. Todos los pacientes con anemia tenían hiatos herniarios gigantes. Dos pacientes tuvieron pruebas positivas para infección por H. pylori. Dos pacientes refirieron crónico de anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES. Conclusiones: Las úlceras de Cameron son lesiones causantes de sangrado gastrointestinal crónico, y deben considerarse en el estudio de pacientes con anemia por déficit de hierro.

  6. Implant periapical lesion. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Venetis, Fotis Iordanidis, Paraskevi Giovani, Lambros Zouloumis

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available ?mplant periapical lesion (IPL is probably not a uniform entity in all cases presented in the literature. Asseptic bone necrosis may be a cause for some of the IPLs, whilst the presence of microorganisms is not always detectable with conventional methods. A case of IPL in a male patient who underwent an extraction of 12 tooth and an immediate implantation at this site is presented. Eight months postoperatively, an IPL was revealed on radiologic examination. After surgical exploration, the IPL was removed and examined histologically and microbiologically. The implant was replaced with a longer one and a bone regeneration procedure was simultaneously carried out. From the study of the lesion and the patient’s followup, infection cannot be considered as primary cause information of presented IPL, but literature data suggests that classic histology and microbiology cannot exclude infection from IPL causatives.

  7. Symmetrical thalamic lesions in infants.

    OpenAIRE

    Eicke, M; Briner, J; Willi, U; Uehlinger, J; Boltshauser, E.

    1992-01-01

    Clinical observations and findings on imaging are reported in six newborns with symmetrical thalamic lesions (STL). In three cases the diagnosis was confirmed by postmortem examination. Characteristic observations in this series and 17 previously reported cases include no evidence of perinatal asphyxia, high incidence of polyhydramnios, absent suck and swallow, absent primitive reflexes, appreciable spasticity at or within days of birth, lack of psychomotor development, and death within days ...

  8. What affects detectability of lesion–deficit relationships in lesion studies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayo Inoue

    2014-01-01

    Our simulations offer a quantitative basis for interpreting lesion studies in cognitive neuroscience. We suggest ways in which lesion simulation and analysis frameworks could be productively extended.

  9. Precancerous lesions of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Alberto; Zanini, Vittorio

    2008-12-01

    The management of precancerous lesions of the breast has become a considerable clinical problem in the past 20 years, mostly as a consequence of increased detection due to the introduction of mammographic screening. It is not possible to identify with absolute certainty which of these lesions will progress to invasive carcinoma, and tailoring the treatment according to each individual case remains a challenge. There is a particular dilemma for surgeons, who must balance the risk of resecting too much and causing unnecessary cosmetic damage, or resecting too little and leaving an increased risk of recurrence. Further knowledge in the field of predictive and prognostic factors together with the development of gene-profiling techniques will, hopefully, provide answers to these questions. Among precancerous lesions of the breast, particular attention should be paid to ductal carcinoma in situ or intraductal carcinoma, appropriate treatment of which is crucial to prevent invasive breast cancer. Nearly all possible combinations of surgery, radiotherapy and medical treatments (anti-estrogens) have been tested in different clinical trials, but the situation is far from satisfactory. We believe that an important contribution can come from oncoplastic surgery, which is the application of plastic and reconstructive surgical techniques to ensure both radical excision of the disease and acceptable cosmetic outcomes. PMID:18825141

  10. Endothelial Lesions. Demonstration by Scintiscanning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Collections of tracer accumulations have been noted by the authors as well as by others in the axillary regions on certain patients who have undergone pulmonary scanning. Reviewing these cases it was noted that a common denominator existed. The patients had been, almost without exception, subjected to venous catheterization with the purpose of administering intravenous fluids. A catheter had been inserted and remained in place for a variable length of time. In some cases accumulation of tracer was seen in the axillary region for on repeat lung scans several weeks after the removal of the catheter. An experimental method was developed in which focal vascular lesions were created within the vascular system. The method consisted of the use of an electrocautery electrode at the end of an intravascular catheter. Electrocautery was applied to the wall of the vessel under fluoroscopic control. After creation of the lesions, tracer doses of various substances including radiotechnetium-labelled albumin macroaggregates were introduced intravascularly. Scintiscanning techniques were used to permit visualization of the distribution of tracer. This paper discusses the distribution of tracer following the production of intravenous and intra-arterial lesions. It is expected that this technique may be applied to many situations in which the vascular endothelium is damaged. Possible applications include demonstration of vascular disease, such as thrombophlebitis, localized vasculitis and arteriosclerotic ulceration. (author)

  11. Automatic segmentation of psoriasis lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Yang; Shi, Chenbo; Wang, Li; Shu, Chang

    2014-10-01

    The automatic segmentation of psoriatic lesions is widely researched these years. It is an important step in Computer-aid methods of calculating PASI for estimation of lesions. Currently those algorithms can only handle single erythema or only deal with scaling segmentation. In practice, scaling and erythema are often mixed together. In order to get the segmentation of lesions area - this paper proposes an algorithm based on Random forests with color and texture features. The algorithm has three steps. The first step, the polarized light is applied based on the skin's Tyndall-effect in the imaging to eliminate the reflection and Lab color space are used for fitting the human perception. The second step, sliding window and its sub windows are used to get textural feature and color feature. In this step, a feature of image roughness has been defined, so that scaling can be easily separated from normal skin. In the end, Random forests will be used to ensure the generalization ability of the algorithm. This algorithm can give reliable segmentation results even the image has different lighting conditions, skin types. In the data set offered by Union Hospital, more than 90% images can be segmented accurately.

  12. Cystic lesions of the pancreas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkan Adsay, N

    2007-02-01

    Although cystic tumors of the pancreas are relatively rare, they constitute an increasingly important category. Advances in imaging and interventional techniques and the sharp drop in the mortality rate of pancreatic surgery have rendered pancreatic biopsies and resections commonplace specimens. Consequently, in the past two decades, the nature of many cystic tumors in this organ has been better characterized. The names of some existing entities were revised; for example, what was known as papillary-cystic tumor is now regarded as solid-pseudopapillary tumor. New entities, in particular, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and its variants, such as oncocytic and intestinal subtypes were recognized. The importance of clinical and pathologic correlation in the evaluation of these lesions was appreciated, in particular, with regards to the multifocality of these lesions, their association with invasive carcinomas, and thus their 'preinvasive' nature. Consensus criteria for the distinction of these from the ordinary precursors of adenocarcinoma, the pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, were established. The definition of mucinous cystic neoplasms was refined; ovarian-like stroma has now become almost a requirement for the diagnosis of mucinous cystic neoplasia, and defined as such, the propensity of these tumors to occur in perimenopausal women became even more striking. The validity and clinical value of classifying the pancreatic cysts of mucinous type as adenoma, borderline, CIS and invasive have been established. Related to this, the importance of thorough sampling in accurate classification of these mucinous lesions was recognized. Greater accessibility of the pancreas afforded by improved invasive as well as noninvasive modalities has also increased the detection of otherwise clinically silent cystic tumors, which has led to the recognition of more innocuous entities such as acinar cell cystadenoma and squamoid cyst of pancreatic ducts. As the significance of the cystic lesions emerged, cystic forms of otherwise typically solid tumors were also better characterized. Thus, significant developments have taken place in the classification and our understanding of pancreatic cystic tumors in the past few years, and experience with these lesions is likely to grow exponentially in the coming years. PMID:17486054

  13. Computerized diagnosis of breast lesions on ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horsch, Karla; Giger, Maryellen L; Venta, Luz A; Vyborny, Carl J

    2002-02-01

    We present a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) method for breast lesions on ultrasound that is based on the automatic segmentation of lesions and the automatic extraction of four features related to the lesion shape, margin, texture, and posterior acoustic behavior. Using a database of 400 cases (94 malignant lesions, 124 complex cysts, and 182 benign solid lesions), we investigate the marginal benefit of each feature in our CAD method and the performance of our CAD method in distinguishing malignant lesions from various classes of benign lesions. Finally, independent validation is performed on our CAD method. Eleven independent trials yielded an average Az value of 0.87 in the task of distinguishing malignant from benign lesions. PMID:11865987

  14. [Biliary adenocarcinoma arising from atypical benign lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amador, Auxiliadora; Hoyos, Sergio; Fuster, Josep; Ferrer, Joana; Fondevila, Constantino; Charco, Ramón; García-Valdecasas, Juan Carlos

    2005-09-01

    Tumors of the biliary tract have a poor prognosis. When these tumors arise from a prior benign lesion the prognosis improves. We present two cases of carcinoma developing from atypical benign lesions. Aggressive surgical treatment was provided. PMID:16420821

  15. Rare ovarian lesion in an adolescent girl

    OpenAIRE

    Ramasamy Senthilnathan; Paramasivam Jeyakumar; Janardhanam Krishnamohan

    2008-01-01

    Large solid ovarian lesions are considered malignant in nature in pediatric and adolescent age group. We present an adolescent girl who had large solid ovarian lesion, with negative tumor markers. She underwent laparotomy and right oopherectomy. Histopathology revealed that the lesion was massive ovarian edema. This is an extremely rare lesion of ovary and is benign in nature. Very few case reports are available in English literature. Hence we suggest that massive ovarian edema should be cons...

  16. Vertebral lesions associated with palmoplantar pustulosis

    OpenAIRE

    H. Baba; Uchida, K.; Wada, M.; Imura, S.; Kawahara, N.; Tomita, K.

    1997-01-01

    Spinal lesions were reviewed in 9 patients (3 men and 6 women) who presented with palmoplantar pustulosis. Cervical lesions were found in 3 patients and lumbosacral involvement in 7. The duration of disease averaged 4.8 years. Seven patients had associated sterno-costo-clavicular hyperostotic lesions, and all showed abnormalities in blood tests which suggested chronic inflammation. Vertebral lesions were assessed as a spondylodiscitis type in 4, single level syndesmoph...

  17. Cervicothoracic lesions in infants and children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellote, A; Vázquez, E; Vera, J; Piqueras, J; Lucaya, J; Garcia-Peña, P; Jiménez, J A

    1999-01-01

    Cervicothoracic lesions are not uncommon in children. All cervicothoracic lesions except superficial lesions extend from the neck to the thorax through the thoracic inlet. Evaluation of this area involves multiple imaging modalities: plain radiography, ultrasonography, nuclear medicine, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, MR imaging is the method of choice for assessing the full extents of cervicothoracic lesions and their relationships to neurovascular structures. Cervicothoracic lesions can be classified as congenital lesions, inflammatory lesions, benign tumors, malignant tumors, and traumatic lesions. Lymphangioma is the most common cervicothoracic mass in children; other congenital lesions include hemangioma, thymic cyst, and vascular anomalies. Inflammatory adenopathy reactive to tuberculosis, mononucleosis, tularemia, cat-scratch fever, infection with human immunodeficiency virus, or other upper respiratory tract infections can manifest as cervicothoracic lesions; tuberculous abscesses and abscesses of other origins can also be seen. Lipoma, lipoblastoma, aggressive fibromatosis, and nerve sheath tumors (either isolated lesions or those associated with neurofibromatosis) can also occur as cervicothoracic masses. Malignant cervicothoracic tumors include lymphoma, thyroid carcinoma, neuroblastoma, and chest wall tumors (rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and neuroectodermal tumor). Traumatic cervicothoracic lesions include pneumomediastinum of traumatic origin, traumatic pharyngeal pseudodiverticulum, esophageal foreign-body granuloma, and cervicothoracic hematoma. PMID:10336190

  18. Tuberculoid leprosy presenting as a “racket” lesion

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Letícia Stella Gardini, Brandão; Gabriela Franco, Marques; Jaison Antônio, Barreto; Ana Paula Cota Pinto, Coelho; Ana Paula de Paiva, Serrano.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The "racket" lesion is a rare presentation of tuberculoid leprosy, which consists of a thickened nerve branch emerging from a tuberculoid plaque. It results from centripetal damage to cutaneous nerves caused by granuloma formation. We describe a typical case of tuberculoid leprosy presentin [...] g as a "racket" lesion. The lesion persisted after treatment with paucibacillary multidrug therapy.

  19. Lesion Contrast Enhancement in Medical Ultrasound Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stetson, Paul F.; Sommer, F.G.; Macovski, A.

    1997-01-01

    Methods for improving the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of low-contrast lesions in medical ultrasound imaging are described. Differences in the frequency spectra and amplitude distributions of the lesion and its surroundings can be used to increase the CNR of the lesion relative to the background...

  20. Neuroendoscopic approach to intraventricular lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaab, M R; Schroeder, H W

    1999-04-15

    Object. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in patients with intraventricular tumors. Methods. A series of 30 patients with endoscopically treated intraventricular lesions is reported. The lesions included seven colloid cysts, six astrocytomas, three subependymomas, two ependymomas, and one each of the following: pineoblastoma, pineocytoma/pineoblastoma (intermediate type), epidermoid cyst, pineal cyst, medulloblastoma, arteriovenous hemangioma, cavernoma, choroid plexus papilloma, pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, melanoma, and germinoma. Total tumor resections, partial resections, biopsies, stent implantations, septostomies, and third ventriculostomies were performed. In two cases (two subependymomas > 2 cm in diameter), piecemeal endoscopic resection was ineffective because of the very firm consistency of the tumors. Therefore the endoscopic procedure was discontinued and the tumors were removed microsurgically. In the remaining cases the procedures were completed as planned. Even in the presence of difficulties such as poor orientation or significant bleeding, there was no need to abandon the endoscopic procedure. A total of 28 strictly endoscopic interventions were performed, in which the average duration was 85 minutes (range 35-170 minutes). All colloid cysts and the epidermoid lesion were completely evacuated and the capsules were widely resected. Total extirpation of solid tumors was achieved in five cases, whereas most astrocytomas were partially resected. The hydrocephalus-related symptoms resolved in all of the 22 patients with cerebrospinal fluid pathway obstruction. There were no endoscopy-related deaths. In two cases, major bleeding occurred and was controlled endoscopically. The authors observed one case of meningitis, one of mutism, two of memory loss attributed to forniceal injury, one of transient trochlear palsy after a biopsy specimen of an aqueductal tumor was obtained, and one of transient confusion after a biopsy specimen of a germinoma was obtained. Conclusions. In the authors' preliminary experience, the endoscopic approach was found to be safe and effective. In this series, it was possible to achieve relief of noncommunicating hydrocephalus, tumor resections, and even complete tumor removals by using endoscopic techniques. Based on the results, the authors believe that endoscopic techniques should be considered in the treatment of selected intraventricular lesions. PMID:16681359

  1. Leucocyte mobilization to skin lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leucocyte mobilization to a chamber covering a skin lesion was studies in healthy volunteers.111Indium-labelled blood leucocytes accumulated in the chambers, indicating mobilization of leucocytes from the blood. The concentration of autologous serum in the chamber medium influenced the number of leucocytes mobilized, while heat inactivation of serum or the repeated use of the same serum had no effect on the counts. The use of zymosan-treated increased the mobilization by up to 53 %. The kinetics for the mobilization of leucocytes to chambers containing autologous serum was followed in healthy subjects. The mobilization showed a uniform pattern, viz. a lag phase of 2-4 hours and maximal migration rates after 20-24 hours. The cumulated counts were 74 x 106 leucocytes/cm2/24 hours and 200 x 106leucocytes/cm2/48 hours. Females and males exhibited the same kinetics and cumulated counts. Chamber leucocytes were predominantly neutrophil granulocytes (85-100 %) with 2.9-3.6 nuclear segments. The chamber technique provides a simple method permitting quantitation of in vivo mobilization of leucocytes from the blood to an inflammatory lesion. (author)

  2. Clinical and cyto-histopathological evaluation of skin lesions with special reference to bullous lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Sabir Fauziya; Aziz Mehar; Afroz Nishat; Amin S.

    2010-01-01

    Aim: Cytopathology of skin has been documented to be useful in the diagnosis of several skin lesions. This study aims to evaluate cytopathology as a quick non-invasive method for early diagnosis of bullous lesions, neoplastic and preneoplastic skin lesions and to correlate the clinical, cytological and histopathological findings of various skin lesions. Materials and Methods: Eighty five patients of skin lesions were included in the study. Skin scraping, Tzanck smears, slit smears and fine...

  3. Essential, trace and toxic element concentrations in the liver of the world’s largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Documented concentrations of 21 elements in the liver of an ocean sunfish. • Toxic element concentrations were generally low compared to essential elements. • Ca and Fe concentrations were elevated and suggestive of Ca and Fe toxicity. • Cd was the highest of the toxic elements and ranked 8th among all elements. - Abstract: No studies document essential (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium), trace (barium, boron, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, zinc) or toxic element (antimony, arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, thallium) concentrations in any members of the family Molidae, including the world’s largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola). Here, we analyzed 21 elements in the liver of one M. mola. These values were compared to liver concentrations in multiple species with spatial and dietary overlap. Concentrations of calcium (3339 ppm wet weight) and iron (2311 ppm wet weight) were extremely elevated in comparison to a number of other fish species, indicating that calcium and/or iron toxicity may have occurred in this animal. Concentrations of toxic elements were generally low, with the exception of cadmium (3.5 ppm). This study represents the first report of essential, trace and toxic elements in this species

  4. Morphological characteristics of the bony birth canal in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Investigation by three-dimensional CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the three-dimensional morphological characteristics of the pelvis in adult female patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using computerized tomography (CT) images. Forty-two subjects with normal hips and 40 DDH patients were recruited for the study. In the DDH group, the average transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet was significantly less and the average transverse diameter of the pelvic outlet was significantly greater than the measurements in the normal group. Further, the bony birth canal in DDH patients exhibited a higher incidence of anthropoid-type geometry, as defined by a longer sagittal diameter relative to the transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet. These findings indicate a characteristic pelvic geometry and suggest different development of the pelvis in the transverse direction in DDH patients. In addition, the obstetric conjugate length/transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet ratio was correlated to the degree of severity of acetabular dysplasia. This finding suggests that DDH is a manifestation of a developmental characteristic of the pelvis. (author)

  5. Morphological characteristics of the bony birth canal in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Investigation by three-dimensional CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kojima, Seiichi; Kobayashi, Seneki; Saito, Naoto; Nawata, Masashi; Horiuchi, Hiroshi; Takaoka, Kunio [Shinshu Univ., Matsumoto, Nagano (Japan). School of Medicine

    2001-07-01

    We investigated the three-dimensional morphological characteristics of the pelvis in adult female patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using computerized tomography (CT) images. Forty-two subjects with normal hips and 40 DDH patients were recruited for the study. In the DDH group, the average transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet was significantly less and the average transverse diameter of the pelvic outlet was significantly greater than the measurements in the normal group. Further, the bony birth canal in DDH patients exhibited a higher incidence of anthropoid-type geometry, as defined by a longer sagittal diameter relative to the transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet. These findings indicate a characteristic pelvic geometry and suggest different development of the pelvis in the transverse direction in DDH patients. In addition, the obstetric conjugate length/transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet ratio was correlated to the degree of severity of acetabular dysplasia. This finding suggests that DDH is a manifestation of a developmental characteristic of the pelvis. (author)

  6. Bacteriology of diabetic foot lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anandi C

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Clinical grading and bacteriological study of 107 patients with diabetic foot lesions revealed polymicrobial aetiology in 69 (64.4% and single aetiology in 21 (19.6%. Among 107 patients 62 had ulcer. Of these 31 had mixed aerobes. Twenty six patients with cellulitis and 12 with gangrene had more than 5 types of aerobes and anaerobes such as E.coli, Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas spp., Proteus spp., Enterobactor spp., Enterococci spp., Clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides spp., Prevotella spp. and Peptostreptococcus spp. It was noted that 50 out of 62 patients with ulcer, and all the patients with cellulitis and gangrene were given surgical management and treated with appropriate antibiotics based on antimicrobial susceptibility testing.

  7. Lesiones del ligamento cruzado anterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Álvarez López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: el ligamento cruzado anterior desempeña un papel muy importante en la estabili-dad de la rodilla. La incidencia de esta afección es alta en pacientes que practican deportes de contacto y de no ser tratados de forma adecuada, los resultados son desfavorables. Objetivo: profundizar en los factores necesarios para el tratamiento adecuado de enfermos con esta lesión y evitar las complicaciones. Método: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de un total de 300 artículos publicados en Pubmed, Hinari y Medline mediante el localizador de información Endnote, de ellos se utilizaron 52 citas selecciona-das para realizar la revisión, 48 de ellas de los últimos cinco años donde se incluyeron seis libros. Desarrollo: se discuten los aspectos relacionados con el diagnóstico clínico e imaginológico. Se aborda la clasificación de esta lesión en cuanto a varios aspectos como: tiempo, lesión de ligamentos u ósea, aislada o combinada y parcial o total. Se mencionan los parámetros para obtener resultados satisfac-torios al considerar factores como la edad del enfermo, lesiones asociadas y tiempo de la lesión. Se relacio-nan los requisitos para la selección del implante y se mostró las ventajas y desventajas de cada tipo de in-jerto. Las complicaciones de esta cirugía están relacionadas con la técnica quirúrgica y médicas. Conclusiones: las lesiones del ligamento son entidades traumáticas que afectan por lo general a pacientes jóvenes. Para lograr un resultado satisfactorio en el tratamiento es necesario el conocimiento de su anatomía, clasificación, tipo de injerto a emplear según sus ventajas y desventajas.

  8. Diagnostic Concordance Characteristics of Oral Cavity Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Ufuk Tatli; Özgür Erdo?an; Aysun U?uz; Yakup Üstün; Ya?ar Sertdem?r; ?brahim Damlar

    2013-01-01

    Purpose. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic concordance characteristics of oral cavity lesions by comparing the clinical diagnosis of the lesions with the histopathologic diagnosis. Material and Method. A retrospective analysis was conducted on the patients, who were admitted with oral cavity pathology and underwent biopsy procedure between 2007 and 2011. The oral cavity lesions were classified into 6 different groups as odontogenic cysts, nonodontogenic cysts, odontog...

  9. Management of Anal Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Pineda, Carlos E.; Welton, Mark L.

    2009-01-01

    Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions include both low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and are caused by chronic infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The disease is increasing in both incidence and prevalence, especially among patients with the following risk factors: homosexual men, acquired or iatrogenic immunosuppression, and presence of other HPV-related diseases. Although the natural history of the disease is ...

  10. Oncocytic lesions of the ophthalmic region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Jens; Prause, Jan U; Heegaard, Steffen

    2011-01-01

    required surgical intervention in the Danish population could be approximated to 0.3 lesions per million capita per year. Patient ages ranged from 45 years to 89 years, with a peak incidence in the eighth decade. Female patients were twice as common as male. Lesions were typically described as red...... lacrimal sac, one at the semilunar plica, one on the eyelid margin and one peripunctally. Lesions were histologically classified as adenoma (oncocytoma) (26), hyperplasia (4) and metaplasia (4). Fourteen oncocytic lesions representing different locations and differentiation were further evaluated for CK...

  11. Thermophysical lesions caused by HZE particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with a type of damage caused by heavy particles that may occur in subcellular structures. These lesions are called thermophysical radiation injury and are similar to damage produced in solids by HZE particles. This chapter summarizes some of the experimental evidence for the presence of these lesions in certain mammalian tissues including the retina, brain, cornea, lens of mice and seeds of corn. Of all tissues examined, only the cornea exhibited a type of lesion which would fulfill the criteria of thermophysical lesions

  12. Lesion localization in aphasia without hemiparesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of the lesions responsible for aphasia unassociated with right-sided hemiparesis was evaluated by cranial computed tomography (CT) among stroke patients. In the Broca aphasia group were observed atypical aphasic symptoms, and the lesions were far more localized than in ordinary Broca one. In the Wernicke aphasia group showed relatively large lesions in the left superior temporal gyrus, sometimes extending to supramarginal and angular gyri, which caused such additional symptoms as apraxia without motor paresis in some cases. In the Transcortical motor aphasia group showed the occlusion of the left internal carotid artery, though without obvious abnormality at CT. In another patient a circumscribed low density lesion was disclosed in the area anterior and superior to so-called Broca's area. In the Transcortical sensory aphasia group, the lesion involved the borderzone supplied by the left middle and posterior cerebral arteries. In the Amnestic aphasia group showed a lesion in the left parietal lobe, while in another no remarkable change was demonstrated. In the Global aphasia group, one had multiple isolated lesions in both anterior and posterior speech areas. Another showed a large lesion involving the whole territory of the left middle cerebral artery. In the remaining one a high density area was observed in the left superior temporal, supramarginal and angular gyri, not extending to the frontal lobe beyond with sylvian fissure. Therefore, in interpreting CTs of such aphasic patients we must take account of not only the extent of the lesion but also the severity of destruction. (J.P.N.)

  13. Bony landmarks are not an adequate substitute for lymphangiography in defining pelvic lymph node location for the treatment of cervical cancer with radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Curative radiotherapy (RT) for carcinoma of the cervix requires adequate irradiation of regional lymph node groups. The best nonsurgical method of defining lymph node anatomy in the pelvis remains the lymphangiogram (LAG). This study was designed to determine if bony landmarks could accurately substitute for LAG as a means of determining lymph node position for the purpose of pelvic RT treatment planning. Methods and Materials: The post-LAG simulation films of 22 patients treated at the Fox Chase Cancer Center for cervical cancer were examined. On anterior/posterior (A/P) simulation films, the distance of lymph nodes was determined from the top, middle, and bottom of the sacroiliac joint, and at the pelvic rim, 1 and 2 cm above the acetabulum. On lateral (LAT) simulation films, lymph node position was measured at points 0, 4, and 8 cm along a line from the bottom of L5 to the anterior aspect of the pubic symphysis. Positive values represent lateral and anterior distances relative to the reference point on A/P and LAT films, respectively. Negative values represent distances in the opposite direction. The adequacy of standard pelvic fields as defined by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) (A/P: 1.5 cm margin on the pelvic rim; LAT field edge is a vertical line anterior to the pubic symphysis) was also examined. Data are expressed as the mean ± two standard deviations, (i.e. 95% confidence level). Results: On A/P simulation films, the distance of visualized lymph nodes had mean values of -1.6 ± 1.7 cm (range -4.1 to -0.4 cm), -1.3 ± 1.5 cm (range -3.4 to 0.0 cm), and 1.2 ± 1.8 cm (range -1.0 to 2.6 cm) from the sacro-iliac (SI) joint at the superior, middle, and inferior points, respectively. The mean distance of the nodes from the pelvic rim at points 1 and 2 cm above the acetabulum was 0.3 ± 1.2 cm (range -0.6 to 1.8 cm) and 0.2 ± 1.8 cm (range -1.6 to 2.1 cm), respectively. On LAT simulation films, the distance of lymph nodes from points 0, 4, and 8 cm from the previously described reference line had mean values of 2.0 ± 1.0 cm (range 1.3 to 3.0 cm), 0.9 ± 3.9 cm (range -1.9 to 5.1 cm), and 1.8 ± 2.1 cm (range -0.8 to 3.5 cm), respectively. Ten of 22 (45%) patients would have had inadequate nodal irradiation if their fields had been designed according to standard GOG parameters. In all cases, these incompletely irradiated lymph nodes were from the lowest of the lateral external iliac group. Conclusions: Great variability in pelvic lymph node location is demonstrated when LAG is used to directly visualize their location. Bony structures are inaccurate landmarks for pelvic lymph node position. The GOG standard pelvic fields are not consistently adequate to cover all lateral external iliac lymph nodes, although the clinical significance of this subgroup of lymph nodes is not known. At this time, LAG remains the ideal radiographic modality to define anatomic location of regional lymph nodes for pelvic RT treatment planning. The clinical importance of the most lateral group of external iliac lymph nodes in various stages of cervical cancer represents a potential area of future research

  14. Simulating the mammographic appearance of circumscribed lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Optimization performance of digital image post-processing techniques in mammography requires controlled conditions of data sets permitting quantitative representation of image characteristics of pathological findings. Digital test objects, although objective and quantitative, do not mimic mammographic appearance and clinical data sets do not provide adequate sets of values of the various pathological finding characteristics. This can be overcome by digital simulation of pathological findings and superimposition on mammographic images. A simple method for simulation of mammographic appearance of radiopaque and/or radiolucent circumscribed lesions is presented. Circumscribed lesions are simulated using grey-level transformation functions which shift and compress the range of the initial pixel grey-level values in a region of interest (ROI) of a digitized mammographic image, according to grey-level analysis in 200 ROIs of real circumscribed lesions from digitized mammographic images. Simulation addresses lesion image characteristics, such as elliptical shape, orientation, halo sign for radiopaque lesions and capsule for radiolucent lesions, and is implemented in a user-driven PC-based interactive application. The appearance of the lesions is evaluated by six radiologists on a sample of 60 real and 60 simulated radiopaque lesions with the use of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The area under the ROC curve, pooling the responses of the observers, was 0.55±0.03 indicating no statistically significant difference between real and simulated lesions (p>0.05). The method adequately simulates the mammographic appearance of circumscribed lesions and could be used to generate circumscribed lesion data sets for performance evaluation of image processing techniques, as well as education purposes. (orig.)

  15. Localization of lesions in aphasia, (2)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relationship between the focus and the extent of the lesions and the various symptoms was investigated. 1. Broca aphasics: More than 80% of the group with obvious anarthric components had lesions of the third frontal gyrus involving Broca's area and the lower part of the precental gyrus as well as opercular and insular regions. The size of the lesions of this group was significantly larger than that of the group without marked anarthric components, and the latter was proved to have little localizing value. 2. Wernicke aphasics: The group with poor reading comprehension had cortical and/or subcortical lesions, involving posterior parts of both superior and middle temporal gyri as well as the supramarginal gyrus. On the other hand, lesions of the group with poor auditory comprehension were more anteriorly located and localized in the deep structures. Lesions of the group with poor Token test scores were large and scattered more anteriorly and/or posteriorly compared with those of the group with good Token test scores. 3. Amnestic aphaiscs: The group with poor naming scores had somewhat larger lesions than the group with good naming scores, and the lesions were scattered about the left hemisphere. The finding has proved that both groups had little localizing value. 4. Conduction aphasics: Lesions of the non-fluent type were significantly larger than those of the fluent type and distributed more anteriorly. However, highly involved lesions were located in the supramarginal gyrus and posterior parts of superior and/or middle temporal gyri. 5. Global aphasics: Lesions of the group with good articulation and prosody were observed to distribute more posteriorly in comparison with those of the other global aphasics. (J.P.N.)

  16. Early detection of bony alterations in rheumatoid and erosive arthritis of finger joints with high-resolution single photon emission computed tomography, and differentiation between them

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostendorf, B.; Schneider, M. [Heinrich-Heine University, Rheumatology, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Rheumatology, Duesseldorf (Germany); Mattes-Gyoergy, K.; Wirrwar, A.; Mueller, H.W. [Heinrich-Heine University, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Duesseldorf (Germany); Reichelt, D.C.; Blondin, D.; Lanzman, R.; Moedder, U.; Scherer, A. [Heinrich-Heine University, Institute of Radiology, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2010-01-15

    To evaluate high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) for the detection of bony alterations in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA), early osteoarthritis (EOA) of the fingers and healthy controls. The clinically dominant hands of 27 patients (13 ERA, nine EOA, five healthy controls) were examined by MPH-SPECT and bone scintigraphy. Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in the ERA patients. Number of affected joints, localisation, pattern of tracer distribution and joint involvement were scored. Quantitative analysis was achieved by measurement of the region of interest (ROI) in all patients. The MPH-SPECT and MR images were fused in the ERA group. Bone scintigraphy detected fewer joints (26 joints,13/22 patients) with increased tracer uptake than did MPH-SPECT (80 joints, 21/22 patients). Bone scintigraphy did not show recognisable uptake patterns in any group of patients. With MPH-SPECT central tracer distribution was typical in ERA (10/13 patients, EOA 2/9). In contrast, an eccentric pattern was found predominantly in EOA (7/9, ERA 2/13). Normalised counts were 4.5 in unaffected joints and up to 222.7 in affected joints. The mean uptake values in affected joints were moderately higher in the EOA patients (78.75, and 62.16 in ERA). The mean tracer uptake in affected joints was approximately three-times higher than in unaffected joints in both groups (ERA 3.64-times higher, EOA 3.58). Correlation with MR images revealed that bone marrow oedema and erosions matched pathological tracer accumulation of MPH-SPECT in 11/13. MPH-SPECT demonstrated increased activity in 2/13 patients with normal bone marrow signal intensity and synovitis seen on MR images. MPH-SPECT is sensitive to early changes in ERA and EOA and permits them to be distinguished by their patterns of uptake. (orig.)

  17. Use of CT simulation for treatment of cervical cancer to assess the adequacy of lymph node coverage of conventional pelvic fields based on bony landmarks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To assess the adequacy of nodal coverage of 'conventional' pelvic radiation fields for carcinoma of the cervix, with contoured pelvic vessels on simulation computed tomography (CT) as surrogates for lymph node location. Methods and Materials: Pelvic arteries were contoured on non-contrast-enhanced CT simulation images of 43 patients with cervix cancer, FIGO Stages I-III. Vessel contours were hidden, and conventional pelvic fields were outlined: (1) anterior/posterior fields (AP): superior border, L5-S1 interspace; inferior border, obturator foramina; lateral border, 2 centimeters lateral to pelvic brim. (2) Lateral fields (LAT): Anterior border, symphysis pubis; posterior border, S2-S3 interspace. Distances were measured between the following: (1) bifurcation of the common iliac artery and superior border (2) external iliac artery and lateral border of the AP field, and (3) external iliac artery and anterior border of the LAT field. The distances were considered as 'inadequate' if 20 mm. Results: Superiorly, 34 patients (79.1%) had inadequate coverage. On the AP, margins were generous in 19 (44.2%), but inadequate in 9 (20.9%). On the LAT, margins were inadequate in 30 (69.8%) patients. Overall, 41 (95.4%, CI, 84.2%-99.4%) patients had at least 1 inadequate margin, the majority located superiorly. Twenty-four (55.8%; CI, 39.9%-70.9%) patients had at least 1 generous margin, the majority located laterally on the AP field. Conclusion: Conventional pelvic fields based on bony landmarks do not provide optimal lymph node coverage in a substantial proportion of patients and may include excess normal tissue in some. CT simulation with vessel contouring as a surrogate for lymph node localization provides more precise and individualized field delineation

  18. Evaluation of HTR polymer (Bioplant® HTR® as a bone graft material in the treatment of interproximal vertical bony defects: A clinical and radiological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prakash Shobha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives : Bone grafting is the most common form of regenerative therapy. Several bone substitutes have been used in clinical periodontal therapy to encourage bone formation. The present study has been undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of hard tissue replacement polymer (Bioplant® HTR® as a bone graft material in the treatment of interproximal vertical bony defects in human beings, both clinically and radiologically. Materials and Methods : Five chronic periodontitis patients were selected with 16 sites assigned randomly into control (open debridement alone and experimental (open flap debridement plus Bioplant® HTR® groups. Clinical measurements like plaque index (PI, gingival index (GI, probing pocket depth (PPD, clinical attachment level (CAL, gingival margin position (GMP assessment was done at 0, 3 and 6 months and radiographic assessment at 0 and 6 month. Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon?s signed Rank test and Mann-whitney U-test. Results : There were statistically no significant (P=1.00 changes in Plaque index and Gingival Index scores in both the groups from baseline to six months post surgery. Statistically significant (P< 0.05 reduction in Probing Pocket Depth was seen on comparison between the groups. In relation to the hard tissue changes, significant results were seen with respect to change in alveolar crest and percentage of original defect resolved. Comparison of results from six to 12 months following similar treatments showed no significant differences or advantages to having a clinical evaluation period longer than 6 months post surgically (Yukna 1999. Interpretation and Conclusion : Bioplant® HTR® material is a biocompatible, easy to handle and a beneficial grafting material for the treatment of periodontal osseous defects.

  19. The Felix-trial. Double-blind randomization of interspinous implant or bony decompression for treatment of spinal stenosis related intermittent neurogenic claudication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brand Ronald

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Decompressive laminotomy is the standard surgical procedure in the treatment of patients with canal stenosis related intermittent neurogenic claudication. New techniques, such as interspinous process implants, claim a shorter hospital stay, less post-operative pain and equal long-term functional outcome. A comparative (cost- effectiveness study has not been performed yet. This protocol describes the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT on (cost- effectiveness of the use of interspinous process implants versus conventional decompression surgery in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Methods/Design Patients (age 40-85 presenting with intermittent neurogenic claudication due to lumbar spinal stenosis lasting more than 3 months refractory to conservative treatment, are included. Randomization into interspinous implant surgery versus bony decompression surgery will take place in the operating room after induction of anesthesia. The primary outcome measure is the functional assessment of the patient measured by the Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ, at 8 weeks and 1 year after surgery. Other outcome parameters include perceived recovery, leg and back pain, incidence of re-operations, complications, quality of life, medical consumption, absenteeism and costs. The study is a randomized multi-institutional trial, in which two surgical techniques are compared in a parallel group design. Patients and research nurses are kept blinded of the allocated treatment during the follow-up period of 1 year. Discussion Currently decompressive laminotomy is the golden standard in the surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. Whether surgery with interspinous implants is a reasonable alternative can be determined by this trial. Trial register Dutch Trial register number: NTR1307

  20. Biology of Bony Fish Macrophages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordan W. Hodgkinson

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Macrophages are found across all vertebrate species, reside in virtually all animal tissues, and play critical roles in host protection and homeostasis. Various mechanisms determine and regulate the highly plastic functional phenotypes of macrophages, including antimicrobial host defenses (pro-inflammatory, M1-type, and resolution and repair functions (anti-inflammatory/regulatory, M2-type. The study of inflammatory macrophages in immune defense of teleosts has garnered much attention, and antimicrobial mechanisms of these cells have been extensively studied in various fish models. Intriguingly, both similarities and differences have been documented for the regulation of lower vertebrate macrophage antimicrobial defenses, as compared to what has been described in mammals. Advances in our understanding of the teleost macrophage M2 phenotypes likewise suggest functional conservation through similar and distinct regulatory strategies, compared to their mammalian counterparts. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing teleost macrophage functional heterogeneity, including monopoetic development, classical macrophage inflammatory and antimicrobial responses as well as alternative macrophage polarization towards tissues repair and resolution of inflammation.

  1. Osteochondral Lesions of the Talar Dome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone

    1996-03-01

    Osteochondral lesions of the talar dome are relatively common causes of ankle pain and disability. Trauma is the most common cause, but ischemic necrosis, en-docrine disorders, and genetic factors may have etiologic significance. Medial lesions are usually located posteriorly on the dome of the talus, whereas lateral lesions are most frequently located anteriorly. Although the staging system described by Berndt and Harty remains popular, it may not accurately reflect the integrity of the articular cartilage. Small lesions of the talar dome may be present despite a normal appearance on plain radiography. Bone scintigraphy may show increased radionuclide uptake in the talar dome. Magnetic resonance imaging is also sensitive for identifying intraosseous abnormalities in the talus and has the added benefit of revealing other types of soft-tissue lesions not visible on routine radiographic studies. Computed tomography remains the imaging technique of choice when delineation of a bone fragment is desired. Nonoperative management of osteochondral lesions, including restricted weight-bearing and/or immobilization, is recommended unless a loose fragment is clearly present. Surgical options include drilling (usually reserved for intact lesions), debridement of the lesion with curettage or abrasion of the bone bed, internal fixation of the fragment, and bone grafting. Recent technical advances allow these procedures to be performed arthroscopically, with potential reduction of surgical trauma, length of hospital stay, and complication rates. PMID:10795042

  2. Principal component analysis of psoriasis lesions images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maletti, Gabriela Mariel; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær

    2003-01-01

    A set of RGB images of psoriasis lesions is used. By visual examination of these images, there seem to be no common pattern that could be used to find and align the lesions within and between sessions. It is expected that the principal components of the original images could be useful during future...

  3. Bone cysts and cystic lesions of bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cystic and cyst-like lesions of bone are very common. They can be of primary origin or secondarily caused by several diseases. For exact diagnosis or at least narrow differential diagnosis the assessment of radiological findings is important. However, patient data, clinical symptoms, laboratory parameters, and site of the lesion have to be included for a reasonable final diagnosis or differential diagnosis. (orig.)

  4. The Post-Ureteroscopic Lesion Scale (PULS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoenthaler, Martin; Buchholz, Noor; Farin, Erik; Ather, Hammad; Bach, Rune Christian; Bach, Thorsten; Denstedt, John D; Fritsche, Hans-Martin; Grasso, Michael; Hakenberg, Oliver W; Herwig, Ralf; Knoll, Thomas; Kuehhas, Franklin Emmanuel; Liatsikos, Evangelos; Liske, Peter; Marberger, Michael; Osther, Palle J S; Santos, José Manuel Reis; Sarica, Kemal; Seitz, Christian; Straub, Michael; Traxer, Olivier; Trinchieri, Alberto; Turney, Ben; Miernik, Arkadiusz

    2014-01-01

    The Post-Ureteroscopic Lesion Scale (PULS) offers a simple grading system for the description of ureteral lesions after ureteroscopy. In this article, we present the results of a video-based multicenter evaluation of the inter-rater reliability of clinically important PULS grades 0-3....

  5. Imaging granulomatous lesions with optical coherence tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banzhaf, Christina; Jemec, Gregor B E

    2012-01-01

    To investigate and compare the presentation of granulomatous lesions in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images and compare this to previous studies of nonmelanoma skin tumors.......To investigate and compare the presentation of granulomatous lesions in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images and compare this to previous studies of nonmelanoma skin tumors....

  6. Pediatric multifocal liver lesions evaluated by MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majed Almotairi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study is to present our experience with MRI evaluation of multifocal liver lesions in children and describe the MRI characteristics of these lesions. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive MRI exams performed for the evaluation of multiple liver lesions between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 was done to note the number of lesions, the size of the largest lesion, MR signal characteristics, and background liver. Final diagnosis was assigned to each case based on pathology in the available cases and a combination of clinical features, imaging features, and follow-up in the remaining cases. Results: A total of 48 children (22 boys, 26 girls; age between 3 months and 18 years with average age 10.58 years and median age 11 years were included in the study. Totally 51 lesion diagnoses were seen in 48 children that included 17 focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH, 8 hemangiomas, 7 metastases, 6 regenerative nodules, 3 adenomas, 3 abscesses, and one each of angiomyolipoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, focal fatty infiltration, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic infarction, nodular regenerative hyperplasia, and hepatic cyst. Background liver was normal in 33, cirrhotic in 10, fatty in 3, and siderotic in 2 children. Most FNH, hemangiomas, and regenerative nodules showed characteristic MRI features, while metastases were variable in signal pattern. Conclusion: Many commonly seen multifocal liver lesions in children have characteristic MRI features. MRI can help to arrive at reasonable differential diagnoses for multifocal liver lesions in children and guide further investigation and management.

  7. Inter- and intra-observer variability associated with the use of the Mirels' scoring system for metastatic bone lesions.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mac Niocaill, Ruairi F

    2011-01-01

    Metastatic bone disease is increasing in association with ever-improving medical management of osteophylic malignant conditions. The precise timing of surgical intervention for secondary lesions in long bones can be difficult to determine. This paper aims to evaluate a classic scoring system. All radiographs were examined twice by three orthopaedic oncologists and scored according to the Mirels\\' scoring system. The Kappa statistic was used for the purpose of statistical analysis. The results show agreement between observers (??=?0.35-0.61) for overall scores at the two time intervals. Inter-observer agreement was also seen with subset analysis of size (??=?0.27-0.60), site (??=?0.77-1.0) and nature of the lesion (??=?0.55-0.81). Similarly, low levels of intra-observer variability were noted for each of the three surgeons (?=?0.34, 0.39, and 0.78, respectively). These results indicate a reliable, repeatable assessment of bony metastases. We continue to advocate its use in the management of patients with long bone metastases.

  8. High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsai, Andy; Kleinman, Paul K. [Boston Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); McDonald, Anna G. [Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Boston, MA (United States); Rosenberg, Andrew E. [University of Miami Hospital, Department of Pathology, Miami, FL (United States); Gupta, Rajiv [Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2014-02-15

    The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model of the CML previously inferred from planar radiography and histopathology. Long bone specimens from 5 fatally abused infants, whose skeletal survey showed definite or suspected CMLs, were studied postmortem. After skeletal survey, selected specimens were resected and imaged with high-resolution digital radiography. They were then scanned with micro-CT (isotropic resolution of 45 μm{sup 3}) or with high-resolution flat-panel CT (isotropic resolutions of 200 μm{sup 3}). Visualization of the bony structures was carried out using image enhancement, segmentation and isosurface extraction, together with volume rendering and multiplanar reformatting. These findings were then correlated with histopathology. Study of normal infant bone clarifies the 3-D morphology of the subperiosteal bone collar (SPBC) and the radiographic zone of provisional calcification (ZPC). Studies on specimens with CML confirm that this lesion is a fracture extending in a planar fashion through the metaphysis, separating a mineralized fragment. This disk-like mineralized fragment has two components: (1) a thick peripheral component encompassing the SPBC; and (2) a thin central component comprised predominantly of the radiologic ZPC. By manipulating the 3-D model, the varying appearances of the CML are displayed. High-resolution CT coupled with histopathology provides elucidation of the morphology of the CML, a strong indicator of infant abuse. This new information may prove useful in assessing the biomechanical factors that produce this strong indicator of abusive assaults in infants. (orig.)

  9. High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model of the CML previously inferred from planar radiography and histopathology. Long bone specimens from 5 fatally abused infants, whose skeletal survey showed definite or suspected CMLs, were studied postmortem. After skeletal survey, selected specimens were resected and imaged with high-resolution digital radiography. They were then scanned with micro-CT (isotropic resolution of 45 μm3) or with high-resolution flat-panel CT (isotropic resolutions of 200 μm3). Visualization of the bony structures was carried out using image enhancement, segmentation and isosurface extraction, together with volume rendering and multiplanar reformatting. These findings were then correlated with histopathology. Study of normal infant bone clarifies the 3-D morphology of the subperiosteal bone collar (SPBC) and the radiographic zone of provisional calcification (ZPC). Studies on specimens with CML confirm that this lesion is a fracture extending in a planar fashion through the metaphysis, separating a mineralized fragment. This disk-like mineralized fragment has two components: (1) a thick peripheral component encompassing the SPBC; and (2) a thin central component comprised predominantly of the radiologic ZPC. By manipulating the 3-D model, the varying appearances of the CML are displayed. High-resolution CT coupled with histopathology provides elucidation of the morphology of the CML, a strong indicator of infant abuse. This new information may prove useful in assessing the biomechanical factors that produce this strong indicator of abusive assaults in infants. (orig.)

  10. Rare ovarian lesion in an adolescent girl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramasamy Senthilnathan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Large solid ovarian lesions are considered malignant in nature in pediatric and adolescent age group. We present an adolescent girl who had large solid ovarian lesion, with negative tumor markers. She underwent laparotomy and right oopherectomy. Histopathology revealed that the lesion was massive ovarian edema. This is an extremely rare lesion of ovary and is benign in nature. Very few case reports are available in English literature. Hence we suggest that massive ovarian edema should be considred as one of the differential diagnosis in all the patients having large solid ovarian lesions with ngative tumor marker assay. Ovarian preservation with the help of frozen section analysis should always be considred in these patients.

  11. Significance of localization of nonpalpable breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As mammography has become more popular for the evaluation of breast symptoms and for the screening of asymptomatic women, the smaller lesions are being detected before they become palpable, therefore preoperative localization became necessary. This has led to the development of several methods for preoperative localization of nonpalpable lesions. Authors analyzed 50 cases with preoperative localization in 45 patients which had abnormal findings on film mammogram or ultrasonomammogram since October 1985 through March 1990 at Yongdong Severance Hospital, College of Medicine, Yonsei University. The results were as follows: 1. Techniques of localization were spot method in 8 cases, conventional needle localization method in 38 cases and Kopan's needle localization method in 4 cases. 2. The most common mammographic indication for localization was focal calcifications in 29 cases(58%), which was followed by a newly developed mass in 25 cases(50%). 3. Outcome of pathologically confirmed diagnosis put into benign lesions in 37 cases(74%) and malignant lesions in 13 cases(26%). 4. Among the cases with localization of lesions which has suggested as benign lesions in film and ultrasonomammogram,all cases(100%) were confirmed in benign lesions pathologically. Among the cases with localization of lesions which has suggested as malignant lesions in film and ultrasonomammogram, pathologic malignant has been proved of 44% and possible histopathologic precursor of malignant was resulted in 25% such as atypical hyperplasia and adenosis. Conclusively, authors consider that the abnormal areas should be removed in their entirety with the sacrifice of minimum volume of contiguous normal breast tissue through the preoperative localization, hence our preoperative localization has contributed favorable prognosis based on material lesions in early stage breast cancer

  12. Small lesion detection with resolution enhancement compression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linden, Paul; Sanchez, Jose R; Oelze, Michael L

    2010-01-01

    A novel coded-excitation method, resolution-enhancement compression (REC), increases the axial resolution and the echo signal-to-noise ratio (eSNR) for an ultrasonic imaging system. The REC technique was examined for its ability to improve lesion detectability. The REC technique was used to double the -3-dB fractional pulse-echo bandwidth of an ultrasonic source in both simulations and experiments. The increase in usable bandwidth increased lesion detectability compared to conventional pulsing (CP) techniques and coded excitation using a linear chirp (LC). Lesion detectibility was quantified through lesion signal-to-noise ratio (lSNR), which is a metric that quantifies the ability of an isolated observer to detect a focal lesion against a background. In simulations, a higher lSNR value was observed using the REC technique for lesions ranging in size from 1 mm to 8 mm in diameter. In addition, the eSNR was increased by almost 15 dB. To validate simulation results, a hydrogel-cone phantom was constructed to provide lesions with +6-dB contrast of different sizes. A transducer was scanned perpendicular to the major axis of the cone at different levels to provide lesions of 3, 5 and 8 mm in diameter. The lSNR was estimated for lesions of different sizes and using the three excitation techniques, i.e., CP, LC and REC. In experiments, the lSNR was observed to be higher using the REC technique than the other pulsing techniques. The lSNR scores for REC were higher by 15%, 45% and 40% for the 3, 5 and 8 mm over the other two excitation techniques. The eSNR was increased by 5.7 dB. Therefore, according to the lSNR metric, the improvement in spatial resolution from the REC technique resulted in improved detectability of small lesions. PMID:20690429

  13. Sampling probability distributions of lesions in mammograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Looney, P.; Warren, L. M.; Dance, D. R.; Young, K. C.

    2015-03-01

    One approach to image perception studies in mammography using virtual clinical trials involves the insertion of simulated lesions into normal mammograms. To facilitate this, a method has been developed that allows for sampling of lesion positions across the cranio-caudal and medio-lateral radiographic projections in accordance with measured distributions of real lesion locations. 6825 mammograms from our mammography image database were segmented to find the breast outline. The outlines were averaged and smoothed to produce an average outline for each laterality and radiographic projection. Lesions in 3304 mammograms with malignant findings were mapped on to a standardised breast image corresponding to the average breast outline using piecewise affine transforms. A four dimensional probability distribution function was found from the lesion locations in the cranio-caudal and medio-lateral radiographic projections for calcification and noncalcification lesions. Lesion locations sampled from this probability distribution function were mapped on to individual mammograms using a piecewise affine transform which transforms the average outline to the outline of the breast in the mammogram. The four dimensional probability distribution function was validated by comparing it to the two dimensional distributions found by considering each radiographic projection and laterality independently. The correlation of the location of the lesions sampled from the four dimensional probability distribution function across radiographic projections was shown to match the correlation of the locations of the original mapped lesion locations. The current system has been implemented as a web-service on a server using the Python Django framework. The server performs the sampling, performs the mapping and returns the results in a javascript object notation format.

  14. [Degenerative lesions of the peripheral retina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conart, J-B; Baron, D; Berrod, J-P

    2014-01-01

    Degenerative lesions of the peripheral retina are present from teenage years onwards and increase with age. These abnormabilities are frequent, some of them being benign while others predispose to retinal tears and detachment. In the latter case, the lesions are rhegmatogenous and may justify prophylactic treatment by laser photocoagulation. We distinguish congenital lesions of the peripheral retina and intraretinal, chorioretinal and vitreoretinal degenerations. The holes and tears observed in 2% of the population consist of round atrophic holes, "horseshoe" tears, oral dialyses and giant tears. PMID:24239217

  15. Transthoracic cutting biopsy of focal pulmonary lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of percutaneous, fluoroscopically-guided cutting biopsies of focal pulmonary lesions in 126 patients were evaluated retrospectively. In 90% of malignant lesions an exact diagnosis could be made from the material obtained. In 40% of the malignant lesions, histological examinations was possible, in addition to cytology. In 87% of these, there was agreement between histology and cytology. Of the cases coming to surgery, 84% of the biopsies proved correct. Specificity was 100%. Multiple punctures were necessary in only 13%. Significant complications occurred in 5%. The cutting biopsy technique has the advantage of producing more biopsy material suitable for histology. (orig.)

  16. Management of the Morel-Lavallée Lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenhill, Dustin; Haydel, Christopher; Rehman, Saqib

    2016-01-01

    Morel-Lavallée lesions are closed degloving injuries sustained during violent soft tissue shear that separate the subdermal fat from its strong underlying fascia. Lesions most often occur in the peritrochanteric region, and patients may have concomitant polytrauma. As a result, a hematoma develops that has a high rate of acute bacterial colonization and chronic recurrence. Conservative treatment outcomes are best for those managed acutely. However, diagnosis is often delayed or missed. Furthermore, there is no universally accepted treatment algorithm. Diagnosis and treatment depend on a surgeon's thorough understanding of the cause, pathophysiology, imaging characteristics, and treatment options of Morel-Lavallée lesions. PMID:26614926

  17. Quantitative scintigraphic study of 1300 brain lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A quantitative method has been developed to study sequential scintigraphs carried out during the 6 hours following technetium 99m injection. Its contribution to the diagnosis of brain lesion types is reported. The variation in the ratio R = count rate opposite the lesion / count rate opposite the healthy brain as a function of the time following injection of sup(99m)Tc pertechnetate is given for the 4-mains types of spreading intracranial lesions: meningiomas, glioblastomas, astrocytomas, metastases. It is observed that R decreases continuously for meningiomas and increases continuously for the other three kinds of tumour

  18. Primary and secondary brain stem lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume is the first to describe all clinically and experimental relevant aspects of primary and secondary brain stem lesions. It contains a detailed description of the computer-tomographical and morphological changes of the cerebral cisterns in acutely and chronically increased intracranial pressure. The prognostic value of clinical parameters of primary and secondary brain stem lesions is demonstrated. The possibilities of assessing the clinical course by computer-aided evaluation are presented. In addition to that, comprehensive view of morphological, radiological and clinical findings, extensive investigation concerning blink reflex (BR) and auditory evoked brain stem potentials (BAEP) supply high relevant functional aspects of those lesions

  19. Keloidal granuloma faciale with extrafacial lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verma Rajesh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Granuloma faciale (GF is a rare cutaneous disorder characterized by one to several soft, erythematous to livid papules, plaques or nodules, usually occurring on the face. Extrafacial lesions are uncommon. A 52-year-old lady with multiple asymptomatic, variously sized brownish-black colored, firm, sharply circumscribed plaques resembling keloids on both cheeks and extrafacial lesions on the right arm and the right breast is presented for its unusual keloidal appearance and typical histopathological findings. She failed to respond to oral dapsone 100 mg daily administered for 3 months. Local infiltration of triamcinolone combined with cryotherapy led to only partial flattening of the lesions. All the skin lesions were excised surgically followed by flap transfer grafting on both cheeks. The cosmetic outcome was highly satisfactory.

  20. Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation: Nora's lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to review the imaging and anatomopathologic findings and to discuss the main differential diagnosis of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation or Nora's lesion, a rare benign surface lesion of the bone. Histologically confirmed plain radiographs, ultrasound, CT and MRI images of four patients with bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation were obtained and retrospectively reviewed. Three cases involving the hand and one involving the foot are reported. On plain radiographs, bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation is a well-marginated, calcified or ossified mass arising directly from the cortical surface of the underlying bone. Ultrasound images show a low echoic peripheral cap around the lesion. CT images show the wide base of the lesion. On Magnetic resonance imaging, bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation was of a low signal on T1, enhancing following gadolinium administration. Underlying bone and adjacent surrounding soft tissues were normal.

  1. Similarity guided feature labeling for lesion detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Yang; Cai, Weidong; Huang, Heng; Wang, Xiaogang; Eberl, Stefan; Fulham, Michael; Feng, Dagan

    2013-01-01

    The performance of automatic lesion detection is often affected by the intra- and inter-subject feature variations of lesions and normal anatomical structures. In this work, we propose a similarity-guided sparse representation method for image patch labeling, with three aspects of similarity information modeling, to reduce the chance that the best reconstruction of a feature vector does not provide the correct classification. Based on this classification model, we then design a new approach for detecting lesions in positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) images. The approach works well with simple image features, and the proposed sparse representation model is effectively applied for both detection of all lesions and characterization of lung tumors and abnormal lymph nodes. The experiments show promising performance improvement over the state-of-the-art. PMID:24505677

  2. Basic dermoscopy of melanocytic lesions for beginners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gra?yna Kami?ska-Winciorek

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Background. Dermoscopy is a safe, easy-to-repeat diagnostic method used especially in the diagnosis of melanocytic lesions and others. Performing dermoscopy for skin lesions on the whole body takes only one minute more than standard clinical examination. Therefore the knowledge of basic dermoscopy among multi-specialization doctors – from general practitioners, surgeons, oncologists to dermatologists – increases the possibility of detection of potential melanoma.Aim. To describe the basic aspects of dermoscopy of melanocytic lesions.Methods. Review of medical databases PubMed and Medline from the last 8 years and a retrospective analysis of own experience.Results. We report the fundamental principles of performing dermoscopy, basic dermoscopic features and diagnostic algorithms of selected melanocytic lesions. Conclusions. The knowledge base of dermoscopy is very important among doctors of many specializations. It increases melanoma detection in very early stages.

  3. Visual attention capacity after right hemisphere lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habekost, Thomas; Rostrup, Egill

    2007-01-01

    Recently there has been a growing interest in visual short-term memory (VSTM) including the neural basis of the function. Processing speed, another main aspect of visual attention capacity, has received less investigation. For both cognitive functions human lesion studies are sparse. We used a...... statistically to lesion location and size measured by MRI. Visual processing speed was impaired in the contralesional hemifield for most patients, but typically preserved ipsilesionally, even after large cortico-subcortical lesions. When bilateral deficits in processing speed occurred, they were related to...... both VSTM capacity and ipsilesional processing speed. The study also showed that lesions in a large region of the right hemisphere, including the putamen, insula, and inferior frontal cortex, do not lead to general deficits in the capacity of visual attention. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Apr-8...

  4. White Matter Lesion Progression in LADIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Reinhold; Berghold, Andrea; Jokinen, Hanna; Gouw, Alida A; van der Flier, Wiesje M; Barkhof, Frederik; Scheltens, Philip; Petrovic, Katja; Madureira, Sofia; Verdelho, Ana; Ferro, Jose M; Waldemar, Gunhild; Wallin, Anders; Wahlund, Lars-Olof; Poggesi, Anna; Pantoni, Leonardo; Inzitari, Domenico; Fazekas, Franz; Erkinjuntti, Timo

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: White matter lesion (WML) progression has been advocated as a surrogate marker in intervention trials on cerebral small vessel disease. We assessed the rate of visually rated WML progression, studied correlations between lesion progression and cognition, and estimated sample...... grade on the Rotterdam Progression Scale. RESULTS: WML progression related to deterioration in cognitive functioning. This relationship was less pronounced in subjects with early confluent and confluent lesions. Consequently, studies in which the outcome is cognitive change resulting from treatment...... effects on lesion progression will need between 1809 subjects per treatment arm when using executive tests and up to 18 853 subjects when using the Vascular Dementia Assessment Scale score. Studies having WML progression as the sole outcome will need only 58 or 70 individuals per treatment arm...

  5. Assessing Elementary Lesions in Gout by Ultrasound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Terslev, Lene; Gutierrez, Marwin; Christensen, Robin; Balint, Peter V; Bruyn, George A; Delle Sedie, Andrea; Filippucci, Emilio; Garrido, Jesus; Hammer, Hilde B; Iagnocco, Annamaria; Kane, David; Kaeley, Gurjit S; Keen, Helen; Mandl, Peter; Naredo, Esperanza; Pineda, Carlos; Schicke, Bernd; Thiele, Ralf; D'Agostino, Maria Antonietta; Schmidt, Wolfgang A

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability of the consensus-based ultrasound (US) definitions of elementary gout lesions in patients. METHODS: Eight patients with microscopically proven gout were evaluated by 16 sonographers for signs of double contour (DC), aggregates, erosions, and tophi in the first...... metatarsophalangeal joint and the knee bilaterally. The patients were examined twice using B-mode US to test agreement and inter- and intraobserver reliability of the elementary components. RESULTS: The prevalence of the lesions were DC 52.8%, tophus 61.1%, aggregates 29.8%, and erosions 32.4%. The intraobserver...... reliability was good for all lesions except DC, where it was moderate. The best reliability per lesion was seen for tophus (? 0.73, 95% CI 0.61-0.85) and lowest for DC (? 0.53, 95% CI 0.38-0.67). The interobserver reliability was good for tophus and erosions, but fair to moderate for aggregates and DC...

  6. CT signs of hepatic focal lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT) semiotics has been analysed for 288 patients with focal lesions of the liver. Most frequently occurring symptoms served the basis for establishing characteristic CT symptom complexes typical of various diseases

  7. Approximate Lesion Localization in Dermoscopy Images

    CERN Document Server

    Celebi, M Emre; Schaefer, Gerald; Stoecker, William V; 10.1111/j.1600-0846.2009.00357.x

    2010-01-01

    Background: Dermoscopy is one of the major imaging modalities used in the diagnosis of melanoma and other pigmented skin lesions. Due to the difficulty and subjectivity of human interpretation, automated analysis of dermoscopy images has become an important research area. Border detection is often the first step in this analysis. Methods: In this article, we present an approximate lesion localization method that serves as a preprocessing step for detecting borders in dermoscopy images. In this method, first the black frame around the image is removed using an iterative algorithm. The approximate location of the lesion is then determined using an ensemble of thresholding algorithms. Results: The method is tested on a set of 428 dermoscopy images. The localization error is quantified by a metric that uses dermatologist determined borders as the ground truth. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that the method presented here achieves both fast and accurate localization of lesions in dermoscopy images.

  8. CT evaluation of right colonic wall lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT of the entire clean colon after a tap water enema with intravenous injection of contrast medium was performed in 20 patients with a diagnosis of caecal and ascending colonic lesions at barium enema studies or colonoscopy. Histological proof was obtained by endoscopy or at surgery in all cases. Using this ''water technique'' we were able to detect the wall abnormalities and describe their CT features in relation to the histological findings. We found that asymmetric thickening of the bowel wall, an irregular and lobulated inner and outer contour and/or a focal soft tissue mass usually exceeding 2 cm from the luminal to serosal surface were very helpful findings for a malignant lesion but not the hallmark of malignancy. The CT appearance of the extraluminal part of the lesion was most helpful in differentiating between benign and malignant lesions. (orig.)

  9. Cystic lesions of the seminal vesicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Between October 1990 and March 1991, 8 patients with cystic lesions in the region of the posterior bladder wall, the seminal vesicles and the prostate were examined by MRI. In all cases there was accurate characterisation of the lesion and of its anatomy. In 3 patients with abnormalities in the retrovesical space there was very good agreement with the operative findings. 4 patients were treated conservatively. In these patients there was good agreement with the findings on cystoscopy, CT and sonography. (orig.)

  10. Osteopontin expression in reactive lesions of gingiva

    OpenAIRE

    ELANAGAI, Rathinam; VEERAVARMAL, Veeran; NIRMAL, Ramdas Madhavan

    2015-01-01

    Reactive proliferations of the gingiva comprise lesions such as pyogenic granuloma (PG), inflammatory fibroepithelial hyperplasia (IFH), peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF), and peripheral giant cell lesion. Osteopontin (OPN) has a dual role, it promotes mineralization when it is bound to solid substrate, and on the other hand, it inhibits mineralization when it is seen in association with solution. Objectives The study aimed to evaluate the expression of osteopontin in normal gingival tissue ...

  11. Method of diagnosis of immunocomplex pulmonary lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To improve the accuracy of diagnosis a method of diagnosis of immunocomplex pulmonary lesions is proposed. The method lies in the following: after roentgenography of the lungs prednisolone is injected during a week and then roentgenography of the lungs is repeated, and when the pulmonary pattern has changed to normalization, the diagnosis of immunocomplex pulmonary lesions is stated. An illustration is given how to use the proposed method of diagnosis decreasing the diagnosis time twice and improving the accuracy of diagnosis

  12. Diagnostic radiology of bone and joint lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The book is intended as a source of reference and a guide to the full scope of diagnostic radiology and further imaging methods available to all those concerned with the medical care of bone and joint lesions, presenting in-depth information on the most significant and typical lesions, indication for and applications of the current surgical measures and the relevant implants, and giving answers to the specific problems encountered in the accident surgery department. (orig./UWA). 672 figs., 25 tabs

  13. Infiltrating/sealing proximal caries lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martignon, S; Ekstrand, K R; Gomez, J; Lara, J S; Cortes, A

    2012-01-01

    This randomized split-mouth controlled clinical trial aimed at assessing the therapeutic effects of infiltration vs. sealing for controlling caries progression on proximal surfaces. Out of 90 adult students/patients assessed at university clinics and agreeing to participate, 39, each with 3 proximal lesions identified radiographically around the enamel-dentin junction to the outer third of the dentin, were included. Lesions were randomly allocated for treatment to test-A (Infiltration: ICON-pre-...

  14. Focal lesions in the central nervous system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report reviews the animal and human studies currently in progress at LBL with heavy-ion beams to induce focal lesions in the central nervous system, and discusses the potential future prospects of fundamental and applied brain research with heavy-ion beams. Methods are being developed for producing discrete focal lesions in the central nervous system using the Bragg ionization peak to investigate nerve pathways and neuroendocrine responses, and for treating pathological disorders of the brain

  15. Isolated sphenoid sinus lesion: A diagnostic dilemma

    OpenAIRE

    Alazzawi, Sarmad; Shahrizal, Tengku; Prepageran, Narayanan; Pailoor, Jayalakshmi

    2014-01-01

    Isolated sphenoid sinus lesions are an uncommon entity and present with non-specific symptoms. In this case report, the patient presented with a history of headaches for a duration of one month without sinonasal symptoms. A computed tomography scan showed a soft tissue mass occupying the sphenoid sinus. An endoscopic biopsy revealed fungal infection. Endoscopic wide sphenoidotomy with excision of the sphenoid sinus lesion was then performed however, the microbiological examination post-surger...

  16. Bacterial infections in suspected cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions.

    OpenAIRE

    Edrissian, G. H.; Mohammadi, M; A Kanani; A.Afshar; Hafezi, R.; M.Ghorbani; Gharagozloo, A. R.

    1990-01-01

    In Iran, microscopic examination of skin scrapings from 2202 individuals with clinically diagnosed cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) lesions revealed the presence of amastigotes in 1123 cases (51.0%). Bacteriological examinations of the lesions indicated that 788 individuals (35.7%) were also infected with one or more pathogenic bacteria, including coagulase-positive staphylococci (27.8%), beta-haemolytic streptococci (10.6%), and other opportunist pathogenic bacteria (total, 2.5%). The prevalence...

  17. Cone beam computed tomography and periapical lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse, Casper; Spin-Neto, Rubens; Wenzel, A; Kirkevang, L-L

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate using a systematic review approach the diagnostic efficacy of CBCT for periapical lesions, focusing on the evidence level of the included studies using a six-tiered hierarchical model. METHODOLOGY: The MEDLINE bibliographic database was searched from 2000 to July 2013 for studies evaluating the potential of CBCT imaging in the diagnosis and planning of treatment for periapical lesions. The search strategy was limited to English-language publications using the following combined ...

  18. CURATIVE CONDUCT IN UTERIN CERVIX LESIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Eduard Crauciuc; Dorina Neacsu; Ovidiu Toma; Dragos Crauciuc

    2012-01-01

    When talking about the feminine population, for which cervical cancer is an important problem of publichealth, it is very important to have an activity of detecting and treating preinvasive cervical lesions in the family planningoffices, in collaboration with specialized doctors from specialized services. The study intends to find out the possibilitiesand limitations in diagnosing and treating preinvasive cervical lesions. The study was made on a heterogenic lot ofpatients (n=16732), of which...

  19. Lesion load in unprotected carotid artery stenting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of new ischemic lesions found on diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) in nonselected patients after unprotected carotid artery stent placement. We retrospectively reviewed a nonrandomized cohort of 197 patients presenting with carotid occlusive disease who underwent unprotected carotid artery stent placement between 2003 and 2006. Mean degree of stenosis was 86.94% ± 9.72. In all patients, DWI was obtained before and 24 h after stent placement. New lesions were evaluated according to size and location. In 59 of 197 patients (29.9%), new ischemic lesions were found on DWI in the vessel dependent area. In 23 of 197 patients (11.7%), new ischemic lesions were found in the vessel independent area. Combined stroke/death rate was 3.63%. In our series of unprotected carotid angioplasty with stent, we found new DWI lesions in 34% of the patients. Further studies should now show in how far protection devices can reduce these lesions. (orig.)

  20. Iatrogenic lesions of the colon and rectum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Classen, J N; Martin, R E; Sabagal, J

    1975-11-01

    Our ability to document a number of examples of iatrogenic lesions of the colon and rectum in three general hospitals confirms the multiplicity of these lesions as presented in the literature. It appears that the careful surgeon and his associates would well heed the old admonition known as Murphy's law, that "Anything that can go wrong will go wrong." In the daily practice of the general surgeon and proctologist, it is apparent that gentleness in approaching any anal-rectal examination for either diagnostic or therapeutic purposes is mandatory. The insertion of any foreign object, be it an examining finger, a thermometer, enema tip, or proctoscope, may subject the patient to an inadvertent injury of significant proportion. The dangers inherent in the evaluation and treatment of patients with recognized disease processes is significantly greater than that associated with routine and screening examinations. Morbidity and mortality have been shown to be associated with the barium enema as well as with the barium enema as well as with some of the newer radiologic procedures such as mesenteric angiography. The use of tap water for enemas has produced morbidity both from thermal injuries and from electrolyte depletion. Antibiotics and chemotherapeutic drugs frequently result in colon and rectal disease, and therapeutic procedures directed at organs adjacent to the colon and rectum have resulted in a number of iatrogenic lesions. This reviews confirms reports of others that iatrogenic lesions of the colon and rectum are not solely due to the physician's inexperience, as significant numbers of these lesions were the result of the diagnostic or therapeutic efforts of men of considerable experience and skill. Advanced age of the patient and diseases leading to changes in the character of the bowel wall frequently were factors in the production of these lesions. A poorly prepared bowel has led to increased morbidity and mortality associated with iatrogenic perforations. The early recognition of these lesions and prompt medical and surgical management diminishes both the morbidity and mortality associated with such injuries. PMID:1103307

  1. Morphometry and Variations of Bony Ponticles of the Atlas Vertebrae (C1 in Kenyans Morfometría y Variaciones de Puentes Óseos de la Vértebra Atlas (C1 en Kenianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Karau Bundi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Atlas bridges, the bony outgrowths over the third segment of the vertebral artery are associated with compression of the artery and nerves. There are limited studies comparing morphometry of the complete atlas bridges and that of the ipsilateral transverse foramen. Bilateral and gender differences in the morphometry of the complete bridges remain relatively unexplored. One hundred and two atlas vertebrae (49 male and 53 female obtained from the Osteology Department of the National Museums of Kenya were used for this study. The presence of complete posterior atlas bridge (retroarticular canal and lateral bridge (supratransverse foramen was noted. Measurements were taken for the diameters of foramina, and the ipsilateral transverse foramina and their areas calculated. Complete posterior bridges occurred in 14.6% and 13.6% on the right and left sides respectively. The lateral bridge was found in 3.9% of the cases on the right side only. The complete posterior bridges had a cross-sectional area of 23.44mm2 on the right and 24.98mm2 on the left side. The lateral bridges had a mean cross-sectional area of 27.30mm2. The right and left transverse foramina had mean crosssectional area of 36.30mm2 and 37.20mm2 respectively, which was significantly larger than that of the ipsilateral complete and posterior bridges. The smaller dimensions of the complete atlas bridges compared to the ipsilateral transverse foramen suggest that they may predispose to vertebrobasilar insufficiency, Barre-Lieou and cervicogenic syndromes due to compression of the contents in the foramina.Puentes del atlas, sobrecrecimientos óseos en el tercer segmento de la arteria vertebral se asocian con la compresión de la arteria y los nervios. Hay pocos estudios que comparan la morfometría de los puentes completos del atlas y el foramen transversal ipsilateral. Diferencias bilaterales y de género en la morfometría de los puentes completos permanecen relativamente inexplorados. Ciento dos vértebras atlas (49 hombres y 53 mujeres obtenidos del Departamento de Osteología de los Museos Nacionales de Kenya se utilizaron para este estudio. Fueron identificados la presencia de puentes completos posteriores del atlas (canal retroarticular y puentes laterales (foramen supratransverso. Se realizaron las mediciones de los diámetros del foramen y los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales, y se calcularon sus áreas. Puentes completos posteriores se observaron en el 14,6% y 13,6% de los lados derecho e izquierdo, respectivamente. El puente lateral se encontró en el 3,9% de los casos en el lado derecho solamente. Los puentes completos posteriores tuvieron un área transversal de 23,44mm2 en el lado derecho y 24,98mm2 en el lado izquierdo. Los puentes laterales tuvieron un área media de sección transversal de 27,30mm2. En los lados derecho e izquierdo se encontrron forámenes transversos con un área promedio de sección transversal de 36,30mm2 y 37,20mm2 respectivamente, lo que fue significativamente mayor que el de los puentes completos ipsilaterales y posteriores. Las dimensiones más pequeñas de los puentes atlas completos en comparación con los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales sugieren que pueden predisponer a la insuficiencia vertebrobasilar, síndromes de Barre-Lieou y cervical debido a la compresión de los contenidos en los forámenes.

  2. Radiologic appearance of primary jaw lesions in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: The jaw (an unusual site of primary tumors in children and adolescents) has lesions often found incidentally by dentists on routine panoramic radiographs or during examination of a child who has swelling or tooth pain. Objective: This pictorial seeks to familiarize pediatric radiologists with the radiographic appearance of a variety of primary jaw lesions. Materials and methods: We retrospectively searched institutional records for cases of primary jaw lesions in children and adolescents. Jaw lesions were characterized as: I, well-circumscribed radiolucent lesions; II, lesions with mixed or variable appearance; III, poorly circumscribed radiolucent lesions; and IV, radiopaque lesions. Results: Although most oral and maxillofacial lesions in children are benign, a broad spectrum of tumors was identified; lesions may occur in patients with unrelated prior malignancy. Conclusion: Because radiologic studies may identify jaw lesions and direct further care, familiarity with the appearance of these entities is prudent. (orig.)

  3. Radiologic appearance of primary jaw lesions in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, Malini; Kaste, Sue C. [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Hopkins, Kenneth P. [Department of Surgery, Division of Dentistry, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)

    2002-03-01

    Background: The jaw (an unusual site of primary tumors in children and adolescents) has lesions often found incidentally by dentists on routine panoramic radiographs or during examination of a child who has swelling or tooth pain. Objective: This pictorial seeks to familiarize pediatric radiologists with the radiographic appearance of a variety of primary jaw lesions. Materials and methods: We retrospectively searched institutional records for cases of primary jaw lesions in children and adolescents. Jaw lesions were characterized as: I, well-circumscribed radiolucent lesions; II, lesions with mixed or variable appearance; III, poorly circumscribed radiolucent lesions; and IV, radiopaque lesions. Results: Although most oral and maxillofacial lesions in children are benign, a broad spectrum of tumors was identified; lesions may occur in patients with unrelated prior malignancy. Conclusion: Because radiologic studies may identify jaw lesions and direct further care, familiarity with the appearance of these entities is prudent. (orig.)

  4. Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARÍA ANGÉLICA MATAMALA S

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3% se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73% correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27% a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total, 4 (36,3% con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18% con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18% con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9% con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9% con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9% con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología.Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81% had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%. were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36% had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18% had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18% had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

  5. Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores / Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    MARÍA ANGÉLICA, MATAMALA S; MIGUEL, GONZÁLEZ P; GONZALO, ROSSEL D; CONSTANZA, NIEME S.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósi [...] to de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3%) se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73%) correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27%) a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total), 4 (36,3%) con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18%) con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18%) con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9%) con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9%) con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9%) con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología. Abstract in english Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical [...] service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81%) had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%). were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36%) had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18%) had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18%) had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

  6. Evaluation of various hepatic lesions with PET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When a liver lesion is found in a PET image, differential diagnosis and analysis of the lesion is very important. We tried to analyze hepatic lesions found in PET. 53 patients with focal liver lesions (13 patients with HCC, 8 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CC), 20 patients with liver metastasis, 5 patients with hemangioma, 7 patients with liver abscess, including 1 patient with liver candidiasis) were examined. Definitely high FDG uptake pattern were observed in 54% (7/13) of HCC, 100% (8/8) of CC, 95% (19/20) of metastatic liver cancer and 100% (7/7) of liver abscess. Therefore, PET was partially useful in the diagnosis of HCC, but it was very useful in the diagnosis of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess. The contrast between lesions and surrounding liver background was very conspicuous in PET images of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess, which suggests that PET might be used for the follow up and assessment of treatment response of these diseases

  7. Petrous apex lesions outcome in 21 cases

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    Hekmatara M

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available Petrous apex lesions of temporal bone progress slowly. Most of the time not only destruct this area but also involve neighbouring element. The symptoms of the neighbouring neuro-vasculare involvement we can recognize these lesions. The most common symptoms of involvement of the petrous apex are: headache, conductive hearing loss or sensorineural type, paresthesia and anesthesia of the trigeminal nerve, paresia and paralysis of the facial nerve, abducent nerve. In retrospective study which has been in the ENT and HNS wards of Amiralam hospital, 148 patients have been operated due to temporal bone tumor; from these numbers, 21 (13.6% patients had petrous apex lesions of temporal bone. Eleven (52.9% patients of these 21 persons were men and the remaining 10 (47-6% were women. The average age of the patients was 37 years. The common pathology of these patients were glomus jugulare tumors, hemangioma, schwannoma, meningioma, congenital cholesteatoma, giant cell granuloma. The kind of operations that have been done on these patients were: infratemporal, translabyrinthine and middle fossa approaches. The conclusion of this study shows that petrous apex area is an occult site. The symptoms of this lesion are not characteristic, meticulous attention to the history and physical examination are very helpful to recognition of these lesions and it's extention.

  8. Evaluation of various hepatic lesions with PET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Chul Ju

    2000-12-01

    When a liver lesion is found in a PET image, differential diagnosis and analysis of the lesion is very important. We tried to analyze hepatic lesions found in PET. 53 patients with focal liver lesions (13 patients with HCC, 8 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CC), 20 patients with liver metastasis, 5 patients with hemangioma, 7 patients with liver abscess, including 1 patient with liver candidiasis) were examined. Definitely high FDG uptake pattern were observed in 54% (7/13) of HCC, 100% (8/8) of CC, 95% (19/20) of metastatic liver cancer and 100% (7/7) of liver abscess. Therefore, PET was partially useful in the diagnosis of HCC, but it was very useful in the diagnosis of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess. The contrast between lesions and surrounding liver background was very conspicuous in PET images of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess, which suggests that PET might be used for the follow up and assessment of treatment response of these diseases.

  9. Presence of Leptin in chronic periapical lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Kangarlou Haghighi

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Studies have shown the regulatory role of Leptin in bone formation, its expression in adipose tissue as well as increased levels in circulation following the adminstration of inflammatory stimuli such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS. However, there is little data evaluating the role of Leptin in inflammatory periapical lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence and concentration of Leptin in chronic periapical lesions. Materials and Methods: Chronic periapical lesions with different sizes were collected during periapical surgery of the mandibular molars from twenty patients and cultured for 72 hours. The ELISA method determined the concentration of Leptin in supernatant fluids of explants cultures. Statistical analysis was performed using non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney U, Chi-Square and Spearman’s Correlation Coefficient. Results: Leptin was found in all samples with the average concentration of 405.55±102.98 (pg/mL. There was no significant correlation between the concentration of Leptin and BMI, and the diameters of lesions. Conclusion: Leptin can be considered an inflammatory mediator and is likely to have a role during the early phases of dental periapical lesions.

  10. Venocentric lesions: an MRI marker of MS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MarceloKremenchutzky

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available From the earliest descriptions of MS, the venocentric characteristic of plaques was noted. Recently, numerous MRI studies have proposed this finding as a prospective biomarker for MS, which might aid in differentiating MS from other diseases with similar MRI findings. High field MRI studies have shown that penetrating veins can be detected in most MS lesions using T2* weighted or susceptibility weighted imaging. Future studies must address the feasibility of imaging such veins in a clinically practical context. The specificity of this biomarker has been studied only in a limited capacity. Results in microangiopathic lesions are conflicting, whereas asymptomatic white matter hyperintensities as well as lesions of NMO are less frequently venocentric compared to MS plaques. Prospective studies have shown that the presence of venocentric lesions at an early clinical presentation is highly predictive of future MS diagnosis. This is very promising, but work remains to be done to confirm or exclude lesions of common MS mimics, such as ADEM, as venocentric. A number of technical challenges must be addressed before the introduction of this technique as a complementary tool in current diagnostic procedures.

  11. Traumatic lung lesions: computed tomography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traumatic lesions of the lung are common findings in patients with thoracic trauma. These lesions are increasingly diagnosed using computed tomography, mostly due to the fast acquisition time helical techniques that allow evaluation of critically ill patients and an efficient therapeutic management. The authors studied 150 patients with thoracic trauma submitted to computed tomography that demonstrated lung contusions, atelectasis, lacerations and hematomas. Lung contusions were the most frequent lesions appearing as consolidation or ground-glass attenuation areas. Atelectasis, in subsegmentar and compressive patterns, were the second most common lesions observed. Lacerations appeared as consolidations with air or liquid level. Lung hematomas, characterized by round opacities, were the most rare lung lesions seen in only five cases. In this study, blunt thoracic trauma accounted for the majority of 120 cases whereas penetrating trauma occurred in 30 cases. The causes of blunt trauma in de crescent order of frequency were motor vehicle accidents, pedestrian hit by car, falls, motorcycle accidents and trashing. Penetrating traumas were caused by bullets or knives. (author)

  12. Chondrogenic Lesions of the Skeletal System Using Radiographs, CT and MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Bonakdarpour

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Benign Tumors: Chondroma, chondroblastoma,"nchondromyxoid fibroma, osteochondroma"nChondroma"n1. Enchondroma"n2. Periosteal Chondroma"n3. Enchondromatosis"n4. Metachondromatosis"nEnchondroma is a benign metaphyseal tumor. The"nmajor differential diagnoses are bone infarct and"nchondrosarcoma. Calcification in enchondroma"nhas a popcorn appearance and on radiographs and"nCT they may be counted. Calcified bone infarct"nhas an appearance similar to rotten metal. Central"nchondrosarcoma shows cortical erosion more than"ntwo thirds of the thickness of cortex and also periosteal"nreaction. Pain and growth of lesion in adulthood raises"nthe possibility of malignant transformation."nPeriosteal chondroma: This lesion arises from the"nperiosteum without involving the medullary bone."nThe most common location is the upper humerus."nEnchondromatosis reveals multiple enchondromas,"npredominantly involving one side of the skeleton."nMalignant transformation is the major complication"nof enchondromatosis. In malignant transformation,"nMRI shows that perichondrium is more than 1 cm"nthick in adults and more than 3 cm thick in children."nIn the hands and feet, enchondromatosis should not"nbe confused with fibrous dysplasia. Mafucci syndrome"nis enchondromatosis associated with cavernous"nhemangiomas with a prognosis worse than enchondr"nomatosis."nMultiple hereditary cartilaginous exostoses: This is"nof metaphyseal origin and pedunculated forms grow"naway from the adjacent joint. Sessile osteochondromas"nare broad based; if their surface is irregular they are"nsuspicious of malignancy. Pain and growth of the"nlesion after closure of the epiphyseal plate are warning"nsigns of malignant transformation. In malignant"ntransformation MRI shows that perichondrium is"nmore than 1 cm thick in adults and more than 3 cm"nthick in children."nChondroblastoma: This is a benign tumor, seen before"nclosure of epiphyseal plate, with a sclerotic border."n30 to 50% show calcification. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings. The tumor is hypodense in T1"nand hyperdense in T2 and post gadolinium injection"nfat suppressed T1 images. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nChondromyxoid Fibroma-A benign, eccentric, ovoid,"nmetaphyseal tumor with recurrent tendency. It rarely"nshows calcification. The tumor is hypodense on T1 and"nIran J Radiol 2011, 8 (Supp.1 S65"nhyper dense on T2 and post gadolinium studies show"nhyperintensity beyond the tumor. It has a tendency"nfor recurrence. Non-ossifying fibroma is a self healing"nmetaphyseal fibrous defect and not a tumor, diamond"nshaped in one of the perpendicular radiographs."nMetaphyseal fibrous defect is usually subcortical, but"nit may be small and intracortical. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nSynovial chondrometaplasia. (synovial"nosteochondromatosis is an arthritis resulting"nfrom chondro (or osteochondro metaplasia of the"nsynovium. They may form osteocartilaginous bodies"nin the joint. In advanced cases they may cause erosion of"nthe articular surface and malignant transportation has"nbeen reported. Radiographs may demonstrate chondroosseous"nbodies in the joints, but CT demonstrates them"nbetter. MRI shows joint fluid and filling defects in the"nfluid. Erosion may be demonstrated by these three"nmodalities."nChondrosarcoma:"nConventional Chondrosarcoma: central, peripheral"nand juxtacortical."nVariants of chondrosarcoma: clear cell, mesenchymal"nand dedifferentiated. Chondrosarcoma can be"ndifferentiated from enchondroma by the presence"nof cortical erosion more than two thirds of the"ncortical diameter and periosteal reaction. Most"nchondrosarcomas discussed here are of low grad

  13. Oral White Lesions: Presentation and Comparison of Oral Submucous Fibrosis with Other Lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare oral submucous fibrosis with other white oral lesions for presentation and associated factors. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Departments of Oral Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ibad Institute of Oral Health Sciences (DIKIOHS), Karachi, from May 2008 to May 2009. Methodology: Patients presenting with oral white lesions were selected by consecutive non-purposive sampling and clinico-demographic data was collected. For patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), additional information like duration of habits, maximal incisal opening (MIO), presence of any other associated lesion were noted. OSF was compared with other white lesions for any association between characteristic of subjects. Chi-square and independent t-tests for determining the statistical significance at p < 0.05. Results: OSF was present in 59.6% (n = 106) of the 178 patients; other white lesions were 40.4% (n = 72). The mean age of patients with OSF was 34 +- 12.7 years and 45.81 +- 16.2 years in patients with other white lesions, (p < 0.0001). Items containing areca nut were consumed more by patients with OSF, with a significant (p < 0.0001) compared to patients with other white lesions. Conclusion: OSF was the predominant white lesion in patients examined at DIKIOHS. Areca nut was found to be chewed more by patients with OSF and still longer by patients with SCC. (author)

  14. Self-inflicted lesions in dermatology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gieler, Uwe; Consoli, Sylvie G; Tomás-Aragones, Lucía; Linder, Dennis M; Jemec, Gregor B E; Poot, Francoise; Szepietowski, Jacek C; de Korte, John; Taube, Klaus-Michael; Lvov, Andrey; Consoli, Silla M

    2013-01-01

    's syndrome; simulation; pathomimicry; skin picking syndrome and related skin damaging disorders; compulsive and impulsive skin picking; impulse control disorders; obsessive compulsive spectrum disorders; trichotillomania; dermatitis artefacta; factitial dermatitis; acne excoriée; and neurotic and psychogenic...... at clarifying the terminology related to these disorders. A flow chart and glossary of terms and definitions are presented to facilitate the classification and management of self-inflicted skin lesions. Several terms are critically discussed, including: malingering; factitious disorders; Münchausen...... excoriations. Self-inflicted skin lesions are often correlated with mental disorders and/or patho-logical behaviours, thus it is important for dermatologists to become as familiar as possible with the psychiatric and psychological aspects underlying these lesions....

  15. Lentigo maligna and contiguous pigmented lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Havva Erdem

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Lentigo maligna (LM, a subtype of melanoma in-situ, is seen mostly in patients between 50 and 80 years old and accounts for ten to fifteen percent of skin cancer cases. LM is a traditional term for atypical pigmented macular lesions. LM occurs on severely sun damaged skin and it is usually on the face of elderly patients. Histological diagnosis of atypical pigmented macular lesions have extensive range from solar lentigo to in-situ melanoma (lentigo maligna pattern or invasive invasive melanoma (lentigo maligna melanoma. The presence of solar lentigo, pigmented actinic keratosis, or reticulated seborrheic keratosis in incisional specimen could misguide the pathologist and clinician. they might think that lentigo maligna is not present. Therefore, excisional biopsy is needed in such cases. Our aim in presenting this case was to emphasize the importance of clinicopathologic correlation and to attract attention on the lesions adjacent to lentigo maligna which can lead to a misdiagnosis.

  16. Evaluation of bone lesions of lymphomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Skeletal involvement of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is found in 11-16%, in Hodgkin's disease in 7.6-34%. Primary lymphoma of bone has an incidence of 1-50% among all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The occurrence of skeletal lesions is higher in infants and children than in adults. Skeletal lesions caused by Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are mostly seen in the axial skeleton including the skull, whereas the primary lymphoma of bone seems to prefer a more peripheral site. The aggressiveness of the tumor growth can be measured by the method of Lodwick, by judging the edge characteristic, the penetration of the cortex, the periostal and scleotic reaction. 3 examples illustrate this method. Conventional radiographs need only be performed when there is reason to believe a lesion is located in an area of structural importance, such as the neck of the femur, and in cases of skeletal pain of unknown origin. (orig.)

  17. Morgellons Disease Presenting As an Eyelid Lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandhu, Rasanamar K; Steele, Eric A

    2014-09-01

    Morgellons disease is characterized by complaints of uncomfortable skin sensations and fibers emanating from nonhealing skin lesions. Morgellons disease is well-known in the dermatology and psychiatry literature, where it is typically considered a subtype of delusional parasitosis, but it has not yet been described in the ophthalmology literature. A patient with self-reported Morgellons disease is presented, who was referred for evaluation of left lower eyelid ectropion. She reported that her skin was infested with fibers that were "trying to get down into the eyelid." On examination, she had ectropion of the left lower eyelid, broken cilia, and an ulcerated left upper eyelid lesion concerning for carcinoma. Biopsy of the lesion was consistent with excoriation. Treatment of her ectropion was deferred out of concern for wound dehiscence, given the patient's aggressive excoriation behavior. This case is presented to make the ophthalmologist aware of this disorder and to highlight the appropriate clinical management. PMID:25192328

  18. Lesions in nerves and plexus after radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Apart from the typical, radiation-induced changes in the skin, common secondary findings were oedemas, radiation-induced ulceration, fibroses of the mediastinum and lungs, pleura adhesions, and osteoradionecroses. In one patient with radiogenic paresis of the plexus brachialis, irradiation of the spinal cord because of epidural metastases of a mammary carcinoma resulted in radiation myelopathy which was verified by laminectomy. Observations of radiogenic lesions of the plexus brachialis show that the usual site of the lesion in the vasomotoric nerve bundle is the axilla. The lesion is assumed to be caused mainly by an overlapping of the axillary, infraclavicular and supraclavicular fields of irradiation which results in a dose peak in the axilla. (orig./AJ) 891 AJ/orig.- 892 MKO

  19. Blue light hazards for ocular lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The blue light range (400-500 nm) of visible radiation stimulates specifically cones and rods of the retina. The carried energy by these wavelengths is absorbed and transferred to specific pigments. Their energy is sufficient to produce free radicals and singlet form of oxygen. Intense sources, rich in blue light radiation, may induce, in the retina, photo-toxic lesions either limited or short-lived or photothermal lesions more or less definitive. Repeated photo-toxic lesions should be the root for the age-related maculo-pathy (A.R.M.) also called late macular degeneration (A.M.D.). As a consequence, the attention should be drawn on the potential risk linked to modern lighting as 'daylight' lamp, compact fluorescent lamps, energy saving (C.F.L.) and light-emitting diodes (L.E.D.) for which a specific vigilance should be enforced. (author)

  20. Incidencia de las lesiones cutáneas malignas faciales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luis Zequeira Peña

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio de las lesiones malignas de la piel facial en el Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de Camagüey en los años 2000 y 2001. La información se obtuvo de 148 historias clínicas con el diagnóstico de lesiones malignas de la piel, de las cuales 42 correspondieron a lesiones de localización facial. La entidad que nos ocupa fue mayor en pacientes mayores de 50 años de edad, blancos, masculinos, con predominio en el tercio medio facial. Los principales tipos histológicos fueron: el carcinoma basocelular y el espinocelular, pero con mayor predominio en el primero. Se revisa el tema y se comparan nuestros resultados con los de otros autores.

  1. Imaging of cerebellopontine angle lesions: an update. Part 1: enhancing extra-axial lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging reliably demonstrate typical features of vestibular schwannomas or meningiomas in the vast majority of mass lesions in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). However, a large variety of unusual lesions can also be encountered in the CPA. Covering the entire spectrum of lesions potentially found in the CPA, these articles explain the pertinent neuroimaging features that radiologists need to know to make clinically relevant diagnoses in these cases, including data from diffusion and perfusion-weighted imaging or MR spectroscopy, when available. A diagnostic algorithm based on the lesion's site of origin, shape and margins, density, signal intensity and contrast material uptake is also proposed. Part 1 describes the different enhancing extra-axial CPA masses primarily arising from the cerebellopontine cistern and its contents, including vestibular and non-vestibular schwannomas, meningioma, metastasis, aneurysm, tuberculosis and other miscellaneous meningeal lesions. (orig.)

  2. Detection of Helicobacter pylori in Oral Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soussan Irani

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and aims. Helicobacter pylori is a microaerophilic gram-negative spiral organism. It is recognized as the etiologic factor for peptic ulcers, gastric adenocarcinoma and gastric lymphoma. Recently, it has been isolated from dental plaque and the dorsum of the tongue. This study was designed to assess the association between H. pylori and oral lesions such as ulcerative/inflammatory lesions, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC and primary lymphoma. Materials and methods. A total of 228 biopsies diagnosed as oral ulcerative/inflammatory lesions, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC and oral primary lymphoma were selected from the archives of the Pathology Department. Thirty-two samples that were diagnosed as being without any pathological changes were selected as the control group. All the paraffin blocks were cut for hematoxylin and eosin staining to confirm the diagnoses and then the samples were prepared for immunohistochemistry staining. Data were collected and analyzed. Results. Chi-squared test showed significant differences between the frequency of H. pylori positivity in normal tissue and the lesions were examined (P=0.000. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference between the lesions examined (P=0.042. Chi-squared test showed significant differences between H. pylori positivity and different tissue types except inside the muscle layer as follows: in epithelium and in lamina propria (P=0.000, inside the blood vessels (P=0.003, inside the salivary gland duct (P=0.036, and muscle layer (P=0.122. Conclusion. There might be a relation between the presence of H. pylori and oral lesions. Therefore, early detection and eradication of H. pylori in high-risk patients are suggested.

  3. Hpv-Associated Penile Pigmented Lesion

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    Ananiev J.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available HPV infection is involved in the etiology of a number of nonmalignant, premalignant and malignant cutaneous lesions. One of them is the so-called giant condyloma of Buschke-Löwenstein type (Buschke-Löwenstein tumor, BLT, which sometimes can imitate clinically other tumors or tumor-like conditions. Clinicians face a particular challenge in cases of BLT where, clinically, the lesions demonstrate a permanent brown hyperpigmentation in parallel with the dermatoscopic lack of the characteristic melanocytic network, globules or regression zones. There are uncommon clinical presentations with solitary, sharply demarcated pigmented lesions. In these cases the histopathological verification of the lesion is obligatory and the most efficient treatment method in the early period of the disease is the complete surgical excision. We report a case of a 74-year-old man who was admitted to the University Hospital “Lozenetz” in connection with profuse variceal bleeding of the esophagus associated with liver cirrhosis of unknown etiology. He underwent a consultative examination at the department of dermatology because of suspected advanced stage melanoma of the prepuce. Computed tomographic analysis indicated diffuse bone metastases located in the small pelvis and femur, as well as metastatic disease in the left inguinal lymph nodes. However, the subsequent histopathologic examination of the lesion, rather than showing melanoma, confirmed the presence of HPV-associated giant condyloma of Buschke and Löwenstein in initial stage, without histopathological evidence for invasive and destructive tumor growth. After his death, the patient’s relatives did not give consent for an autopsy, and therefore the genesis of the metastases, demonstrated by nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMR, remained unclear. In some cases, the clinical picture of the malignant and premalignant cutaneous lesions in the genital area could be problematic. The complete surgical excision with a subsequent histopathological verification is the best way to find out the exact diagnosis

  4. Extensión del límite austral de distribución de tres especies de peces óseos tropicales en la costa de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina Southern extension of three species of tropical bony fishes along the coast of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés C Milessi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan tres nuevos registros de especies de peces óseos cuya distribución corresponde a aguas tropicales, capturados por buques pesqueros en la costa de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina (CPBA, 36°-38°S. Los ejemplares corresponden a las especies: Rachycentrum canadum, Elops saurus y Caulolatilus chrysops. Estos registros amplían significativamente el límite austral de su distribución. La presencia ocasional de estas especies está asociada al transporte de agua subtropical cálida proveniente de la plataforma continental brasilera. Esta hipótesis es probada mediante el análisis de imágenes satelitales de temperatura superficial del mar.We document the southern records of three species of tropical bony fishes along the coast of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina (CBAP, 36-38°S. Rachycentrum canadum, Elops saurus and Caulolatilus chrysops were caught by bottom-trawl commercial vessels. Records presented here significantly extend southward their latitudinal distribution from those previously reported. Using sea surface temperature satellite images we show a southward warm circulation event from Brazil as a putative factor to explain the occurrence of these bony fishes in the CBAP.

  5. Bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal joints in early rheumatoid arthritis. Comparison of MRI and high-resolution SPECT; Knoecherne Pathologien der Metacarpophalangeal-Gelenke bei frueher rheumatoider Arthritis. Vergleich zwischen MRT und hochaufloesender SPECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scherer, Axel; Blondin, D.; Reichelt, D.; Moedder, U. [Radiologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Wirrwar, A.; Mattes-Gyoergy, K.; Mueller, H.W. [Nuklearmedizin, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Schneider, M. [Rheumatologie, Klinik fuer Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Rheumatologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Ostendorf, B. [Radiologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Rheumatologie, Klinik fuer Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Rheumatologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2009-09-15

    Aim: comparison of MRI with a newly developed high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) regarding the detection of bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA). Materials and methods: the clinically dominant hand of 15 patients with ERA (disease duration 6 months) was examined using MRI and MPH-SPECT. The evaluation of MRI was achieved according to RAMRIS criteria and for the MPH SPECT regarding pathological tracer uptake and distribution. Image fusions of MRI and MPH-SPECT were provided and the two methods were compared. Results: in MRI 12 of 15 patients showed arthritic joint pathologies, while 8 patients exhibited soft tissue and bony changes. 4 patients had only soft tissue inflammation (synovitis) with a normal bone signal. In MPH-SPECT 10 of 15 patients showed pathologically increased bone metabolism. The fusion images presented a high agreement of the pathological changes in both methods, while areas with increased bone metabolism were not only present in the case of erosions, but also in the case of bone edema. In 2 patients increased bone metabolism was detectable in areas of MR tomographic normal bone, while a clear surrounding synovitis was present in each case here. (orig.)

  6. Computed tomography of the retrofascial space lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT offers a unique method to evaluate anatomy of the retrofascial space. Retrofascial space which mainly consist of psoas and quadratus lumborum muscles locates behind the transversalis fascia. CT findings of 10 lesions, five with abscess and five with hematoma were reviewed. CT provided clinically useful information regarding the presence, size, extent and composition of the lesions and also their effects on adjacent structures. Abscesses revealed a well-defined low density with enhanced rim in the enlarged muscle. Hematoma showed an illdefined low density area within the enlarged muscle. Abscesses can not be differentiated from hematomas and other retrofascial tumors by CT alone. (author)

  7. International Consensus for ultrasound lesions in gout

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gutierrez, Marwin; Schmidt, Wolfgang A; Thiele, Ralf G; Keen, Helen I; Kaeley, Gurjit S; Naredo, Esperanza; Iagnocco, Annamaria; Bruyn, George A; Balint, Peter V; Filippucci, Emilio; Mandl, Peter; Kane, David; Pineda, Carlos; Delle Sedie, Andrea; Hammer, Hilde Berner; Christensen, Robin; D'Agostino, Maria Antonietta; Terslev, Lene

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To produce consensus-based definitions of the US elementary lesions in gout and to test their reliability in a web-based exercise. METHODS: The process consisted of two steps. In the first step a written Delphi questionnaire was developed from a systematic literature review and expert....... The second step tested the reliability by a web-exercise. US images of both normal and gouty elementary lesions were collected by the participants. A facilitator then constructed an electronic database of 110 images. The database was sent to the participants, who evaluated the presence/absence of US...

  8. Infiltrating/sealing proximal caries lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martignon, S; Ekstrand, K R; Gomez, J; Lara, J S; Cortes, A

    2012-01-01

    after 1, 2, and 3 yrs of radiographically observed lesion progression was assessed by an independent examiner blinded to groups, using pair-wise and digital-subtraction readings. No adverse events occurred. In 37 participants assessed after 3 yrs, 10 lesions (A-4; B-2; C-4) progressed deep into dentin...... and needed operative treatment. The 3-year therapeutic effect, based on pair-wise radiographic readings between infiltration and placebo, was 37.8% (95% CI: 20.5-55.2%) and that between sealing and placebo was 29.7% (95% CI: 20.2-35.0%). One-year follow-up digital-subtraction readings showed...

  9. Hemichorea with ipsilateral caudate lesion on CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The case of a 75 year-old woman with right hemichorea and orolingual dyskinesia is reported. CT test revealed marked brain atrophy as well as enlargement of the anterior portion of the right lateral ventricle without bulging of the caudate nucleus head. None of the other nuclei of the extrapyramidal system demonstrated any abnormal image. The caudate lesion on the right side was suspected to be pathogenetic for the ipsilateral involuntary movement in this case. The authors discuss the pathophysiology of ipsilateral lesion in hemichorea, especially on the role of uncrossing fiber of the pyramidal system. (author)

  10. CT diagnosis of cystic ovarian lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT was undertaken and CT numbers were measured in 47 patients with cystic ovarian lesions. CT features particularly for chocolate cyst revealed the uniform thickness of the whole cystic wall, findings suggesting adhesion to the surrounding organs, circular or oval shape, and higher CT numbers within the cyst than those in the other cystic ovarian lesions. However, because these features are not always observed in cases of chocolate cyst, one should not rely solely on CT findings in the diagnosis of chocolate cyst. (Namekawa, K.)

  11. Post-traumatic contrast enhancing brain lesion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dae Jung; Kim, Hyun Sook; Jeong, Min Sun; Kim, Deok Ryeong; Cho, Young Kwon; Choi, Yun Sun [Eulji Hospital, Eulji University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    Only a few studies have been reported on the MR contrast enhancement and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) findings of the post-traumatic lesion of the brain. We report a case of the venous ischemia in the left frontal lobe observed in the MRI obtained one day after the incidence of trauma. Considering the presented slight increase in the ADC, the vasogenic edema was thought to be the major mechanism of the venous ischemia and excitotoxic injury. In spite of a slight increase in the ADC, the hyperintensity in the diffusion weighted imaging and contrast-enhanced areas eventually changed into hemorrhagic lesions.

  12. Isolated sphenoid sinus lesion: A diagnostic dilemma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alazzawi, Sarmad; Shahrizal, Tengku; Prepageran, Narayanan; Pailoor, Jayalakshmi

    2014-01-01

    Isolated sphenoid sinus lesions are an uncommon entity and present with non-specific symptoms. In this case report, the patient presented with a history of headaches for a duration of one month without sinonasal symptoms. A computed tomography scan showed a soft tissue mass occupying the sphenoid sinus. An endoscopic biopsy revealed fungal infection. Endoscopic wide sphenoidotomy with excision of the sphenoid sinus lesion was then performed however, the microbiological examination post-surgery did not show any fungal elements. Instead, Citrobacter species was implicated to be the cause of infection. PMID:25320694

  13. MR findings of the spinal epidural lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spinal canal takes the form of a series of cylinders designated by their relationship to the meninges and is divided by the dura mater into the epidural or extradural space and intradural space. The epidural space is composed of spinal ligaments, connective and areolar tissue, the epidural venous plexus, lymphatic channels and supporting elements, and various pathologic entities are found there. MR imaging can accurately depict the extent and characteristics of lesions, and in some cases specific diagnosis is possible. In this pictorial essay, we illustrate a variety of spinal epidural lesions and their MR findings

  14. Annular, erythematous skin lesions in a neonate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparna Palit

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 7-day-old premature female infant presented with rapidly progressive, erythematous, annular skin lesions from the 5 th day of life. She was diagnosed provisionally as a case of neonatal lupus erythematosus and was investigated accordingly. Histopathological examination of the skin biopsy specimen revealed presence of hyphae of dermatophytes in the stratum corneum, and the diagnosis was changed to tinea corporis. Differential diagnosis of the annular erythema of infancy has been discussed and the importance of scraping a scaly lesion for KOH preparation in the diagnostic work-up of such a patient has been highlighted.

  15. Human papillomavirus in oral lesions Virus papiloma humano en lesiones orales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín V. Gónzalez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Growing evidence suggests a role for human papillomavirus (HPV in oral cancer; however its involvement is still controversial. This study evaluates the frequency of HPV DNA in a variety of oral lesions in patients from Argentina. A total of 77 oral tissue samples from 66 patients were selected (cases; the clinical-histopathological diagnoses corresponded to: 11 HPV- associated benign lesions, 8 non-HPV associated benign lesions, 33 premalignant lesions and 25 cancers. Sixty exfoliated cell samples from normal oral mucosa were used as controls. HPV detection and typing were performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR using primers MY09, 11, combined with RFLP or alternatively PCR using primers GP5+, 6+ combined with dot blot hybridization. HPV was detected in 91.0% of HPV- associated benign lesions, 14.3% of non-HPV associated benign lesions, 51.5% of preneoplasias and 60.0% of cancers. No control sample tested HPV positive. In benign HPV- associated lesions, 30.0% of HPV positive samples harbored high-risk types, while in preneoplastic lesions the value rose to 59.9%. In cancer lesions, HPV detection in verrucous carcinoma was 88.9% and in squamous cell carcinoma 43.8%, with high-risk type rates of 75.5% and 85.6%, respectively. The high HPV frequency detected in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions supports an HPV etiological role in at least a subset of oral cancers.Crecientes evidencias sugieren que el virus Papiloma humano (HPV tiene un rol en el cáncer oral; sin embargo su participación es todavía controvertida. Este estudio evalúa la frecuencia de ADN de HPV en una variedad de lesiones orales de pacientes de Argentina. Se seleccionaron 77 muestras de tejido oral de 66 pacientes (casos; el diagnóstico histo-patológico correspondió a: 11 lesiones benignas asociadas a HPV, 8 lesiones benignas no asociadas a HPV, 33 lesiones premalignas y 25 cánceres. Como controles se usaron 60 muestras de células exfoliadas de mucosa oral normal. La detección y tipificación de HPV se realizó por PCR empleando los primers MY09,11, seguida de RFLP, o PCR usando los primers GP5+, 6+ seguida de hibridación en dot blot. HPV fue detectado en 91% de las lesiones benignas asociadas a HPV, 14.3% de las lesiones benignas no asociadas, 51.5% de preneoplasias y 60% de cánceres. Ninguna muestra control resultó HPV positiva. En las lesiones benignas, 30% de las muestras HPV positivas correspondieron a tipos de alto riesgo, mientras que en las lesiones preneoplásicas la positividad ascendió a 59.9%. En cánceres, la detección de HPV en carcinomas verrugosos fue 88.9% y en carcinomas escamosos 43.8%, con 75.5% y 85.6% de tipos virales de alto riesgo, respectivamente. La alta frecuencia de HPV detectada en lesiones preneoplásicas y cánceres apoya un rol etiológico del HPV en, al menos, un subgrupo de cánceres orales.

  16. Space Occupying Lesions in the Liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available "nRadiology (imaging plays a pivotal role for the diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of focal liver lesions. The differential diagnosis in patients presenting with a focal liver lesion is broad. "nThe size of the liver mass is an important consideration in guiding the evaluation. Lesions smaller than approximately 1.0 cm are commonly benign incidental findings on imaging studies, and in most cases represent small cysts, hemangiomas, or biliary hamartomas. Furthermore, they are frequently difficult to definitively characterize by imaging methods, due to their small size, and difficult to biopsy percutaneously. Often clinical follow-up is the only recourse for these lesions. "nTo formulate a practical approach to these patients, several factors must be incorporated into a clinical decision-making algorithm (figure below, including: the particular clinical setting (e.g., known co-morbidities, underlying cirrhosis or a known primary neoplasm, the presence of clinical signs and symptoms, the results of laboratory tests, and the critical information provided by imaging studies. "nDue to a combination of high spatial resolution and inherent soft-tissue contrast, lack of ionizing radiation, low cost, and wide availability, ultrasonography (US is frequently the first-line imaging modality for the study of the liver. "nMulti-detector row CT (MDCT has become the most commonly used modality in the preoperative diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of patients with known or suspected hepatic tumors. "nTo maximize the detection and characterization of liver tumors, the CT protocol must be designed according to the diagnostic task. To increase the attenuation difference (i.e., conspicuity between the hepatic parenchyma and liver tumors,3 several injection factors need to be optimized, including the volume and iodine concentration of contrast media, the injection rate (4-5mL/s, and the scanning delay from the start of contrast media administration. "nMost tumors are best seen during the hepatic venous phase (HVP, when the maximal difference in attenuation is attained between the vividly enhancing hepatic parenchyma and hypo-attenuating lesions. "nHepatic arterial dominant phase (HAP is crucial in the detection of those liver tumors (e.g., focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatocellular adenoma, HCC and hypervascular liver metastases that receive abundant arterial supply. During the HAP, these lesions manifest as hyper-attenuating foci relative to adjacent, poorly-enhanced hepatic parenchyma, but may not be detected during the HVP due to progressive liver enhancement from the portal vein. "nMagnetic resonance imaging offers increased capabilities for the characterization of liver lesions, and is generally recommended as a problem-solving modality when CT fails to determine a conclusive diagnosis. Additionally, MR imaging should be considered in place of CT for the evaluation of liver lesions in children and young adults, or in patients who require serial follow-up examinations, because of the absence of radiation hazards. "n(Discussion of some individual disorders "nMALIGNANT LIVER TUMORS: "nMetastatic Tumors "nUltrasound: As a general rule, metastases from adenocarcinoma are multiple and hypoechoic in comparison to the surrounding liver parenchyma.8 Hypoechoic rims and internal heterogeneity also distinguish metastases from most other masses. "nComputed tomography: On triphasic CT of the liver, metastatic liver lesions from the colon, stomach, and pancreas usually show lower attenuation (i.e., are darker in contrast to the brighter surrounding liver parenchyma. "nMagnetic resonance imaging: On MRI metastatic lesions appear as low signal areas on T1-weighted images and moderately high signal on T2-weighted images. "nHepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC: "nUltrasound: ultrasound cannot distinguish HCC from other solid tumors in the liver. Sonographic characteristics of a hepatic lesion that are suggestive of HCC i

  17. Frequency of Giant Cell Lesions in Oral Biopsies

    OpenAIRE

    H. Mohajerani; M. Mosalman; SA Mohajerani; Z Ghorbani

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Oral lesions are among the important reasons for seeking dental care. Being frequently encountered, giant cell lesions form an important group of oral lesions. The epidemiologic data on these lesions, however, is scarce in Iran. The present study investigatedepidemiological and demographic characteristics of giant cell lesions in oral biopsies done in one of the largest oral pathology departments in Iran.Materials and Methods: This descriptive survey studied the existing biopsy rec...

  18. Osteoid osteoma of the dorsal spine in 13-year-old boy: A case report with review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajiv Goyal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma is a benign bony tumor characterized by presence of a nidus of osteoid vascular bone with dense sclerotic bone in its periphery. Osteoid osteomas comprises 10% of all benign bone tumors and 1% of all spinal tumors, with lumbar spine (60% as the most common site, followed by cervical (27% and thoracic spine (12%. A spinal osteoid oesteoma usually present as back pain localized around level of lesion. We reported a case of osteoid osteoma involving the dorsal spine in 13-year-old boy who presented with progressive backache for last 6 months. Spine is an uncommon site for this benign tumor, and these patients are usually symptomatically treated for nonspecific back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful investigation but computed tomography scan appears as better investigation modality to study the extent, size and location of the osteoid osteoma in the spine. Most patients require direct surgical excision, curettage or percutaneous radiofrequency ablation to remove the lesion.

  19. COMPLEJIDAD DE LAS LESIONES CORONARIAS EN PACIENTES DIABÉTICOS / Complexity of coronary lesions in diabetic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Conde Cerdeira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Introducción y objetivos: La enfermedad coronaria en los pacientes diabéticos se presenta de forma muy agresiva con una excesiva progresión de la aterosclerosis y con mayor riesgo de reestenosis o trombosis de stent, en el intervencionismo coronario percutáneo. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la relación entre la diabetes mellitus y determinadas características de las lesiones coronarias, así como su relación con la reestenosis, la trombosis y el desarrollo de nuevas lesiones después del procedimiento percutáneo. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-retrospectivo. De los 1.464 pacientes revascularizados en el Centro de Investigaciones Médico-Quirúrgicas de La Habana, Cuba, entre agosto de 1997 y febrero de 2009, se seleccionaron 270 pacientes diabéticos. Resultados: La diabetes mellitus fue un factor de riesgo para las lesiones de circunfleja (OR* = 1,48; de los ostium aorto-coronario (OR = 3,58, de descendente anterior (OR = 2,41 y de circunfleja (OR = 4,89; y para las lesiones de tronco con extensión a descendente anterior (OR = 9,79. Los diabéticos tuvieron más riesgo de desarrollar lesiones complejas tipo B2 y C (OR = 1,36, en curvaturas mayores de 90º (OR = 3,03, con curvaturas previas superiores de 90º (OR = 6,13, lesiones de más de 20 mm (OR = 2,0, en ramificaciones (OR = 1,69 y lesiones por ausencia de flujo coronario (OR = 4,15. Se caracterizaron también por tener arterias menores de 3 mm (OR =1,32 y mayor riesgo de desarrollar nuevas lesiones (OR = 2,11, reestenosis (OR = 2,11 y trombosis (OR = 3,06 del stent. Conclusiones: La diabetes mellitus se comportó como un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de lesiones coronarias complejas y con un elevado riesgo de desarrollar nuevas lesiones, reestenosis y trombosis de los stents. / Abstract Introduction and Objectives: Coronary artery disease in diabetic patients is presented in a very aggressive form with excessive progression of atherosclerosis and increased risk of stent restenosis or thrombosis in percutaneous coronary intervention. The objective of this research was to determine the relationship between diabetes mellitus and certain characteristics of coronary lesions and their relation with restenosis, thrombosis and development of new lesions after percutaneous procedure. Method: A retrospective-descriptive study was performed. Out of the 1,464 patients revascularized at the Medical and Surgical Research Center in Havana, Cuba, between August 1997and February 2009, 270 diabetic patients were selected. Results: Diabetes mellitus was a risk factor for the following lesions: circumflex (OR*=1.48; ostium aorto-coronary (OR=3.58, left anterior descending (OR=2.41and circumflex (OR=4.89, and trunk lesions extending into the left anterior descending artery(OR=9.79. Diabetics were more likely to develop complex lesions type B2 and C (OR=1.36, for curves higher than 90º (OR = 3.03, with previous curves higher of 90º (OR=6.13, injuries of more than 20mm (OR=2.0, in branches (OR = 1.69and injuries due to absence of coronary flow (OR=4.15. They were also characterized by having smaller arteries of 3 mm (OR=1.32 and increased risk of developing new lesions (OR=2.11, restenosis (OR=2.11 and thrombosis (OR=3.06 of stent. Conclusions: Diabetes mellitus was a risk factor for the development of complex coronary lesions with a high risk of further lesions, restenosis and stent thrombosis.

  20. Calcified lesion modeling for excimer laser ablation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Holly A.; Archuleta, Andrew; Splinter, Robert

    2009-06-01

    Objective: Develop a representative calcium target model to evaluate penetration of calcified plaque lesions during atherectomy procedures using 308 nm Excimer laser ablation. Materials and Methods: An in-vitro model representing human calcified plaque was analyzed using Plaster-of-Paris and cement based composite materials as well as a fibrinogen model. The materials were tested for mechanical consistency. The most likely candidate(s) resulting from initial mechanical and chemical screening was submitted for ablation testing. The penetration rate of specific multi-fiber catheter designs and a single fiber probe was obtained and compared to that in human cadaver calcified plaque. The effects of lasing parameters and catheter tip design on penetration speed in a representative calcified model were verified against the results in human cadaver specimens. Results: In Plaster of Paris, the best penetration was obtained using the single fiber tip configuration operating at 100 Fluence, 120 Hz. Calcified human lesions are twice as hard, twice as elastic as and much more complex than Plaster of Paris. Penetration of human calcified specimens was highly inconsistent and varied significantly from specimen to specimen and within individual specimens. Conclusions: Although Plaster of Paris demonstrated predictable increases in penetration with higher energy density and repetition rate, it can not be considered a totally representative laser ablation model for calcified lesions. This is in part due to the more heterogeneous nature and higher density composition of cadaver intravascular human calcified occlusions. Further testing will require a more representative model of human calcified lesions.

  1. Skin lesion tracking using structured graphical models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaalian, Hengameh; Lee, Tim K; Hamarneh, Ghassan

    2016-01-01

    An automatic pigmented skin lesions tracking system, which is important for early skin cancer detection, is proposed in this work. The input to the system is a pair of skin back images of the same subject captured at different times. The output is the correspondence (matching) between the detected lesions and the identification of newly appearing and disappearing ones. First, a set of anatomical landmarks are detected using a pictorial structure algorithm. The lesions that are located within the polygon defined by the landmarks are identified and their anatomical spatial contexts are encoded by the landmarks. Then, these lesions are matched by labeling an association graph using a tensor-based algorithm. A structured support vector machine is employed to learn all free parameters in the aforementioned steps. An adaptive learning approach (on-the-fly vs offline learning) is applied to set the parameters of the matching objective function using the estimated error of the detected landmarks. The effectiveness of the different steps in our framework is validated on 194 skin back images (97 pairs). PMID:25960342

  2. Scoliosis secondary to an unusual rib lesion.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Burke, N G

    2012-04-01

    Tumours of the chest wall are uncommon and are usually malignant. A bone haemangioma is a rare benign vascular neoplasm, which more commonly occurs in middle-aged patients. We present the case of a scoliosis caused by a rib haemangioma in an adolescent male. Other causes of scoliosis secondary to rib lesions are discussed.

  3. Multispectral recordings and analysis of psoriasis lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmensen, Line Katrine Harder; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær

    An objective method to evaluate the severeness of psoriasis lesions is proposed. In order to obtain objectivity multi-spectral imaging is used. The multi-spectral images give rise to a large p, small n problem which is solved by use of elastic net model selection. The method is promising for...

  4. Automatic segmentation of breast lesions on ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horsch, K; Giger, M L; Venta, L A; Vyborny, C J

    2001-08-01

    In this paper we present a computationally efficient segmentation algorithm for breast masses on sonography that is based on maximizing a utility function over partition margins defined through gray-value thresholding of a preprocessed image. The performance of the segmentation algorithm is evaluated on a database of 400 cases in two ways. Of the 400 cases, 124 were complex cysts, 182 were benign solid lesions, and 94 were malignant lesions. In the first evaluation, the computer-delineated margins were compared to manually delineated margins. At an overlap threshold of 0.40, the segmentation algorithm correctly delineated 94% of the lesions. In the second evaluation, the performance of our computer-aided diagnosis method on the computer-delineated margins was compared to the performance of our method on the manually delineated margins. Round robin evaluation yielded Az values of 0.90 and 0.87 on the manually delineated margins and the computer-delineated margins, respectively, in the task of distinguishing between malignant and nonmalignant lesions. PMID:11548934

  5. Diagnostic radiology of osteo-articular lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The textbook teaches the fundamentals as well as the ins and outs of diagnostic image analysis and hence may also serve as a reference book, e.g. for information on lesions of rare occurrence. It offers easy and rapid access to the systematically arranged material covering all relevant methods and findings. (orig./CB)

  6. MRI of fetal acquired brain lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prayer, Daniela [Department of Radiodiagnostics, Medical University of Vienna (Austria)]. E-mail: daniela.prayer@meduniwien.ac.at; Brugger, Peter C. [Center of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Medical University of Vienna (Austria); Kasprian, Gregor [Department of Radiodiagnostics, Medical University of Vienna (Austria); Witzani, Linde [Department of Radiodiagnostics, Medical University of Vienna (Austria); Helmer, Hanns [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna (Austria); Dietrich, Wolfgang [Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of Vienna (Austria); Eppel, Wolfgang [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna (Austria); Langer, Martin [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna (Austria)

    2006-02-15

    Acquired fetal brain damage is suspected in cases of destruction of previously normally formed tissue, the primary cause of which is hypoxia. Fetal brain damage may occur as a consequence of acute or chronic maternal diseases, with acute diseases causing impairment of oxygen delivery to the fetal brain, and chronic diseases interfering with normal, placental development. Infections, metabolic diseases, feto-fetal transfusion syndrome, toxic agents, mechanical traumatic events, iatrogenic accidents, and space-occupying lesions may also qualify as pathologic conditions that initiate intrauterine brain damage. MR manifestations of acute fetal brain injury (such as hemorrhage or acute ischemic lesions) can easily be recognized, as they are hardly different from postnatal lesions. The availability of diffusion-weighted sequences enhances the sensitivity in recognizing acute ischemic lesions. Recent hemorrhages are usually readily depicted on T2 (*) sequences, where they display hypointense signals. Chronic fetal brain injury may be characterized by nonspecific changes that must be attributable to the presence of an acquired cerebral pathology. The workup in suspected acquired fetal brain injury also includes the assessment of extra-CNS organs that may be affected by an underlying pathology. Finally, the placenta, as the organ that mediates oxygen delivery from the maternal circulation to the fetus, must be examined on MR images.

  7. MRI of fetal acquired brain lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acquired fetal brain damage is suspected in cases of destruction of previously normally formed tissue, the primary cause of which is hypoxia. Fetal brain damage may occur as a consequence of acute or chronic maternal diseases, with acute diseases causing impairment of oxygen delivery to the fetal brain, and chronic diseases interfering with normal, placental development. Infections, metabolic diseases, feto-fetal transfusion syndrome, toxic agents, mechanical traumatic events, iatrogenic accidents, and space-occupying lesions may also qualify as pathologic conditions that initiate intrauterine brain damage. MR manifestations of acute fetal brain injury (such as hemorrhage or acute ischemic lesions) can easily be recognized, as they are hardly different from postnatal lesions. The availability of diffusion-weighted sequences enhances the sensitivity in recognizing acute ischemic lesions. Recent hemorrhages are usually readily depicted on T2 (*) sequences, where they display hypointense signals. Chronic fetal brain injury may be characterized by nonspecific changes that must be attributable to the presence of an acquired cerebral pathology. The workup in suspected acquired fetal brain injury also includes the assessment of extra-CNS organs that may be affected by an underlying pathology. Finally, the placenta, as the organ that mediates oxygen delivery from the maternal circulation to the fetus, must be examined on MR images

  8. CT endoscopy in urinary bladder lesions detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mašulovi? D.M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate applicability and efficacy CT vurtual cystoscopy in detection of urinary bladder tumors. Material and methods: During the period of 14 months, 17 patients with suspicion or present of some urinary bladder lesions has undergone CT virtual and conventional cystoscopy. After examination, all data were moved to the workstation for interactive endoluminal navigation. After that, radiologist analyzed transversal and virtual images without results of conventional cystoscopy and made conclusion. Results: Results were divided according to their basic clinical application. By using this method, all lesions over 5 mm in size were revealed. In the group of patients that were followed up for urinary bladder tumors, three patients with carcinomatous lesion were revealed. Two tumors of bladder vault that were missed on transversal scan were visualized by virtual cystoscopy. Useful additional information about tumor spread was given in two patient. One tumor inside the bladder diverticulum was detected, that was not seen by conventional cystoscopy. In two patients, endoluminal origin of mass that could not be confirmed by conventional radiologic methods, was determined. Conclusion: CT virtual cystoscopy is useful method and technique that promise a lot, especially in following situations: a follow up of bladder tumors; b supplemental estimation of endoscopically hardly accessible regions; c differential diagnosis between intravesical and exravesical lesions. Optimal estimation offers adequate bladder distension with patient positioned on the back and on the belly and interpretation as well as on transversal and virtual images. .

  9. Circumscribed lytic lesions of the thalassaemic skull

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solitary or multiple circumscribed osteolytic areas are described in seven patients, selected from 250 patients with homozygous ?-thalassaemia (Cooley's anaemia). On X-ray examinations, these areas appear as purely osteolytic lesions with well-defined margins not associated with sclerosis. The possible mechanisms are discussed. (orig.)

  10. Cryptococcal intracerebral mass lesions in AIDS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a series of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and intracerebral cryptococcal mass lesions. The CT and MR findings are reviewed, along with the corresponding pathologic findings. A review of the literature and speculation as to the pathophysiology of this unusual manifestation of central nervous system cryptococcosis is offered

  11. Roentgenologic diagnostics of capsular ligament lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The X-ray diagnostic is of obvious importance and relevance in the detection of acute or old capsular ligament lesions of the limb joint. On the one hand it serves as the plain radiograph (roentgenogram without contrast medium) for the assessment of osseous secondary lesions, for the documentation of luxationary positions of the joint partners, and in old capsular ligament lesions for the detection of an already existing arthrosis. On the other hand the X-ray images are of main importance, which are made from the hand-held limb in order to permit a comparison of the two sides, and which beyond the clinical detection of a joint instability indicate the extent and the direction of this instability and which also document it, and which allow in adolescents to recognize a separation of the epiphysis as an alternative to the capsular ligament rupture. Only in particular cases arthrography can provide some additional information, so for example in the case of an isolated syndesmosis rupture, ruptures of the rosette of the rotator muscle or of a damaged triangular disk in the hand. Angiography is only required in cases of traumatic luxations of the knee in order to exclude an intimal lesion of the popliteal artery. (orig.)

  12. Gamma knife radiosurgery for midline lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Legat, J.; Mokry, M.; Leber, K.; Schroettner, O.; Pendl, G. [Karl-Franzens Univ., Graz (Austria)

    1998-09-01

    Surgery of midline lesions is difficult in many cases and often only partial removal is possible. Between May 1992 and April 1997, 81 patients with midline lesions were treated radiosurgically. The lesions were located in the hypothalamic region (25), thalamus (20), third ventricle (2), quadrigeminal plate (9), pons (13), fourth ventricle (4), pineal region (4) and other locations (4). Forty-eight patients were male and 33 were female. Histologically, there were 56 benign cases (13 arteriovenous malformations, 11 low grade gliomas, 20 craniopharyngiomas, 5 meningiomas, 3 hamartomas, 4 miscellaneous) and 25 malignant cases (10 metastases, 10 high grade gliomas, 2 medulloblastomas, 3 miscellaneous). Clinical and radiological follow-up was obtained in 71 patients (88%). In all patients the treatment was well tolerated. Radiographic response could be achieved in 39 of 68 tumor patients (57%). A complete obliteration was seen in 6 arteriovenous malformations (60%) 2 years after radiosurgery. A second radiosurgical procedure was necessary in 2 patients because of incomplete obliteration after 3 years. According to our experience, we can conclude that radiosurgery appears to be effective as adjuvant treatment or midline lesions. (author)

  13. Oral White Lesions Associated with Chewing Khat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levi Harel

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Khat is a cultivated plant whose leaves when chewed elevate mood. Unlike the chewing of betel nut, no association between the white oral mucosal lesions in khat users and oral malignancies has been reported. Chewing of khat has been documented in many countries and has increased with worldwide migration. The impact of chewing khat upon the oral mucosa is essentially unknown. Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the occurrence of oral white changes in chronic khat chewers. Oral mucosal changes in a group of 47 Yemenite Israeli men over 30 years of age, who had chewed khat more than 3 years, were compared to those of 55 Yemenite men who did not chew. Results White lesions were significantly more prevalent in the khat chewers (83% compared to the non chewing individuals (16% (P Discussion This study demonstrated a relationship between khat chewing and oral white lesions, which we attribute to chronic local mechanical and chemical irritation of the mucosa. Our findings also suggest that mucosal changes associated with khat are benign, however, this initial study requires further studies including follow-up of khat users to confirm the current findings, including the likely benign changes associated with chronic use and histologic findings of clinical lesions.

  14. Self-inflicted lesions in dermatology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gieler, Uwe; Consoli, Sylvie G; Tomás-Aragones, Lucía; Linder, Dennis M; Jemec, Gregor B E; Poot, Francoise; Szepietowski, Jacek C; de Korte, John; Taube, Klaus-Michael; Lvov, Andrey; Consoli, Silla M

    2013-01-01

    The terminology, classification, diagnosis and treatment of self-inflicted dermatological lesions are subjects of open debate. The present study is the result of various meetings of a task force of dermatologists, psychiatrists and psychologists, all active in the field of psychodermatology, aimed...

  15. Precancerous Lesions of the Oral Mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya Gürbüz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this review of oral precancerous lesions, leukoplakia, erythroleukoplakia/erythroplakia and the least common variant proliferative verrucous leukoplakia will be focused with their clinical characteristics and their potential to develop oral squamous cell carcinoma and related factors will be discussed.

  16. CYTOHISTOLOGICAL CORRELATIVE STUDY OF BREAST LESIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanchana

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Breast lump is fairly common complaint in females for which patient seeks medical advice and becomes anxious about the diagnosis. Quick diagnosis by Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC relieves patient’s anxiety and assists in their pre - operative management a nd overall treatment . AIMS : To study the cytological spectrum of breast lesions in correlation with histological appearances to evaluate the utility of FNAC in the diagnosis of palpable breast lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS : Total of 180 cases were studied by FNAC of which 42 cases specimen was received for histopathology examination (HPE. Diagnostic accuracy was studied by statistical analysis. RESULTS : In this study of 42 cases of correlation , maximum cases were obtained for fibroadenoma followed by malignancy. FNAC diagnosis was consistent with HPE in 41 cases and inconsistent in one case. CONCLUSION : FNAC can reliably distinguish between benign and malignant conditions , neoplastic and non - neoplastic conditions. The result compared with other studies substantiate the findings of the series that FNAC of breast is a sensitive and specific modality that assist in diagnosis and management of breast lesions. KEYWORDS: FNAC ; breast lesions; HPE.

  17. Lesiones cutáneas en educadores físicos costarricenses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José, Moncada Jiménez; Maureen, Meneses Montero; Benjamin, Hidalgo Matlock; Caridad, Granados Chavarría.

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Los educadores físicos representan una población laboral que se expone crónicamente a la radiación solar. No se han descrito las lesiones cutáneas en este grupo de personas. El propósito del estudio fue describir la incidencia de lesiones cutáneas en educadores físicos cost [...] arricenses. Métodos: En total, participaron voluntariamente 23 hombres (48.9%) y 24 mujeres (51.1%), a quienes se les aplicó un cuestionario. Los 47 participantes fueron revisados por un médico del Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital R. A. Calderón Guardia de la Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social. Se obtuvo información demográfica, fenotipo, salud general y horario de trabajo, prendas de vestir utilizadas para laborar, protección y cuidado de la piel, historia familiar y personal de cáncer de piel, y ubicación anatómica de las lesiones. Resultados y discusión: Las lesiones cutáneas se ubicaron en las regiones del rostro, el pecho, la espalda alta, los brazos y los muslos. Hubo 3 casos con antecedentes familiares de cáncer de piel, y una persona presentó antecedentes personales (no melanoma). Se encontraron lesiones premalignas en 5 sujetos (6.3%). Se recomienda evitar la exposición solar; una revisión anual con el dermatólogo; un autoexamen de piel completo mensualmente; el uso de prendas de vestir cuya translucidez sea poca, hechas de un material como el algodón, idealmente de color claro; también el uso de gorra o sombrero, anteojos oscuros, filtros solares, y si fuera posible, cambiar horarios de trabajo para horas cuando ocurre la menor radiación solar. Abstract in english Purpose: In Costa Rica, physical education professionals are chronically exposed to solar radiation throughout their lives. However, skin lesions in this group of workers have not been described so far. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence of skin lesions in this professionals in [...] Costa Rica. Methods: Twenty-three males (48.9%) and twenty-four females (51.1%) volunteers answered a questionnaire and were examined by a dermatologist from the Dermatology Service of the Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia Hospital. Information on demographics, phototype, general health status, work schedule, clothing, skin and sun protection, family and personal history for skin cancer, and anatomic region of the skin lesion were obtained. Results and discussion: In general, most lesions were found in the face, chest, shoulders, back, arms, and thighs. There were 3 cases of family history of skin cancer; and one case of personal history (non melanoma) of skin cancer. Pre-malignant lesions suggestive of skin cancer were found in 5 cases (6.3%). In conclusion, avoiding excessive sun exposure and a yearly visit to a dermatologist is recornmended. It is also important to perform a monthly self-examination of the skin, to wear sun glasses, hat, sun blockers, and thick-layered lightcolored preferably cotton clothes. Agradecimientos Un agradecimiento especial a los educadores físicos que voluntariamente participaron en este estudio; al comité organizador del Congreso Nacional de Educación Física, por facilitamos una sala adecuada para la revisión médica; al Dr. Daniel Rodríguez Guerrero, Jefe del Servicio de Medicina del Hospital Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia (HRACG); al Dr. Luis Paulino Hernández Castañeda, Director del HRACG; y al Dr. Alvaro Chen Chen, jefe del Servicio de Dermatología del HRACG., por brindar los permisos correspondientes para que los médicos participaran en el estudio.

  18. Lesiones craneofaciales producidas en hockey sobre patines

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Emiliano G, Pelaez; Pamela F, Dascenzi; Luís E, Savastano; Fabián E, Cremaschi.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Los principales objetivos son obtener registros estadísticos acerca de la incidencia, mecanismos, severidad y tipo más frecuente de lesiones cráneo faciales debido a la práctica de hockey sobre patines, para mostrar el grado de rudeza de este deporte, evaluando la necesidad de revisar las [...] reglas del juego y sugerir nuevas medidas de seguridad. Material y método. Presentamos las cifras estadísticas obtenidas de 119 partidos del Campeonato Mendocino (Argentina) jugado entre 2004 y 2005, con un seguimiento de 18 meses. Se utilizó un test standard . Resultados. Encontramos 85 lesiones en 54 partidos; el 59% fueron producidas en la primer mitad del juego, el 41% restante en el segundo tiempo; los forwards recibieron el 48% de las lesiones, los backs 44% y los arqueros 9%. Las estructuras afectadas fueron: cara (61%), región frontal, (15%), columna cervical (7%), región parietal (6%), región temporal (6%) y región occipital (5%). La mayoría involucra estructuras faciales donde: labios (37%), nariz (25%), órbita (21%) y mentón (11%). Las lesiones fueron debidas al palo (39%), el codo (24%), la pelota (21%), el patín (5%), la cabeza (4%), la pared (4%) y finalmente, el hombro (1%).Un 26% de los jugadores lastimados no pudieron seguir jugando; 26% de los lesionados necesitaron intervención médica en el campo de juego; 16% fueron trasladados al hospital (70% permanecieron en observación); 64% de las lesiones fueron contusión, 36% heridas cortantes (sutira quirúrgica 77% y química 33%); 3% de las lesiones estuvieron asociadas con pérdida de la conciencia; se registraron 8 fracturas. Conclusión. Estos datos epidemiológicos confirman la necesidad de revisar y reconsiderar las reglas del juego y su seguridad. Abstract in english Objectives: Research on this topic is carried out because no statistical records are available in order to conduct epidemiological studies. The main objectives are to obtain statistical records regarding the incidence, mechanisms, severity, and most frequent cranio-facial injuries due to the practic [...] e of roller hockey, to show the degree of roughness of this sport, assessing the need to revise the rules of the game, suggesting new safety precautions for this sport. Material and Method: The methodology is based on statistical figures obtained from 119 matches of the Mendoza (Argentina) Championship played between 2004 and 2005, with a follow up of 18 months. A standard test was used. Results: We found 85 injuries in 54 matches; 59% of the lesions were produced in the first half of the game, the 41% remaining in the second half; the forwards received 48% of the lesions, the back 44% and the goalkeepers 9%. The affected structures were: face (61%), frontal region (15%), cervical spine (7%), parietal region (6%), temporal region (6%) and occipital region (5%). Most involved facial structures were: lips (37%), nose (25%), eye socket (21%) and chin (11%). The injuries were due to the stick (39%), the elbow (24%), the ball (21%), the skate (5%), the head (4%), the wall (4%) and last the shoulder (1%). A 26% of injured players were not able to continue playing; 26% of injured players needed medical intervention on the game field; 16% were taken to a hospital (70% remained under observation); 64% of lesions were contusion, 36% were cutting wounds (surgical suture 77% and chemical suture 33%); 3% of lesions were associated with loss of consciousness; 8 fractures were registered. Conclusion: Epidemiological data confirm the need to revise and reconsider the rules of the game and their safety.

  19. Oral lesions in patients with psychiatric disorders

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    Gaji? Ivanka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Oral diseases in psychiatric patients are usually a result of bad oral hygiene and psychopharmaceutical side-effects. Objective. The aim of this study was to detect oral lesions in patients hospitalized in psychiatric institutions with the confirmed diagnosis of psychiatric illness and mood disorder with psychotic characteristics, as well as to discover the factors that can influence these oral lesions. Methods. Cross-section study consisted of 186 hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders in the experimental group, out of whom 87 were males and 99 females. Patients were aged from 18 to 59 years, mean age 46.0±8.0 years. The control group consisted of 186 healthy persons matched for age and gender. Data on oral lesions were obtained within history and clinical examination of the oral cavity. Other medical data were collected from medical documentation. Statistical analysis was performed by Student’s t-test, chi-square test and logistic regression. Results. Dry mouth was registered in 78.5% of patients. The difference in tongue and lip lesions, burning and stinging symptoms, bruxism, facial pain, low saliva rates, halitosis, taste changes and swallowing difficulties between the patients and healthy persons was highly statistically significant (p<0.001. Age and gender, as well as the factors of main disease, influence burning and stinging, bruxism, low saliva rates, swallowing difficulties, taste changes and facial pain of the psychiatric patients. Conclusion. Results imply that psychiatric patients are more frequently involved with oral lesions than healthy persons. It is necessary to organize specific preventive and educational oral health programmes with these patients, as well as with doctors who treat the basic illness.

  20. The predominant microflora of nursing caries lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchant, S; Brailsford, S R; Twomey, A C; Roberts, G J; Beighton, D

    2001-01-01

    The predominant microflora recovered from infected dentine of 52 carious teeth from 14 children with nursing caries was determined using both selective and non-selective media for the isolation of specific genera and acidified media (pH 5.2) to isolate the predominant aciduric microorganisms, and compared with the microflora of sound enamel surfaces in caries-free children. Streptococcus mutans formed a significantly greater proportion of the lesion flora while Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sanguis and Streptococcus gordonii formed a significantly greater proportion of the plaque flora from sound tooth surfaces. The proportions of Actinomyces naeslundii and Actinomyces odontolyticus were significantly greater in the plaque samples than in the lesion samples. Actinomyces israelii formed 18.2% of the flora from the lesions, but was not isolated from the plaque samples. The proportions of Candida albicans, Lactobacillus spp. and Veillonella spp. were also significantly greater in the carious dentine than in the plaque samples. The most frequently isolated lactobacilli were Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus. The predominant aciduric flora was S. oralis, S. mutans and A. israelii and these taxa were also isolated from a similar proportion of the lesions at pH 7.0. Strains of S. mutans, L. casei, L. fermentum and L. rhamnosus isolated from individual carious teeth were genotyped using PCR-based methods. Each species was genotypically heterogeneous and different genotypes were recovered from different carious teeth in the same child. These data indicate that the microflora of lesions in the same child is microbiologically diverse and support a non-specific aetiology for nursing caries in which the physiological characteristics of the infecting flora, not its composition, is the major determinant underlying the disease process. PMID:11799279

  1. Supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions: MR imaging features

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Joo; Son, Young Bo; Choi, Kyu Ho; Chun, Kyung Ah; Kim, Sung Hoon; Park, Seog Hee; Shinn, Kyung Sub [The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-01-01

    To describe MR findings and differential points of supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions. We retrospectively reviewed and analyzed the MR findings of 59 patients with supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions, and classified them as follows : tumor-associated cyst, infectious cyst, ex-vacuo type cyst, and congentital/developmental cyst. Among 59 patients, 47 tumor-associated cysts were seen in 17, 42 infectious cysts in 13, 17 ex-vacuo type cysts in 10, and 19 congenital/developmental cysts in 19. In 44 of 47 tumor-associate cysts, increased or inhomogeneous internal signal intensity was seen on T1-weighted image, 37 of 47 showed thick uneven walls ; 37 of 47 had enhancing solid components and there was variable perifocal edema and mass effect. Infectious cysts were multiple (11 of 13). In cases of brain abscess, increased internal signal intensity on T1-weighted image, low signal intensity of abscess wall on T2-weighted image, thick even enhancing wall, and marked perifocal edema (4 of 4) were seen in all four cases. Cysts in cysticercosis were variable in appearance depending on the stage, but were smaller than other cystic lesions. Ex vacuo type cysts were of uniform CSF signal intensity in all pulse sequences and there was no identifiable wall or enhancement associated with enlarged adjacent ventricle and encephalomalacia (17 of 17). Congenital/developmental cysts showed a single lesion (19 of 19), a signal intensity similar to CSF in all pulse sequences (15 of 19), no identifiable wall (16 of 19), no enhancement (17 of 19), and no perifocal edema (19 of 19). MR was used to categorize supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions into four groups on the basis of their number, size, internal homogeneity of signal intensity on T1-weighted image, enhancing pattern, perifocal edema and mass effect, thereby improving diagnostic specificity and patient management.

  2. Supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions: MR imaging features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To describe MR findings and differential points of supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions. We retrospectively reviewed and analyzed the MR findings of 59 patients with supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions, and classified them as follows : tumor-associated cyst, infectious cyst, ex-vacuo type cyst, and congentital/developmental cyst. Among 59 patients, 47 tumor-associated cysts were seen in 17, 42 infectious cysts in 13, 17 ex-vacuo type cysts in 10, and 19 congenital/developmental cysts in 19. In 44 of 47 tumor-associate cysts, increased or inhomogeneous internal signal intensity was seen on T1-weighted image, 37 of 47 showed thick uneven walls ; 37 of 47 had enhancing solid components and there was variable perifocal edema and mass effect. Infectious cysts were multiple (11 of 13). In cases of brain abscess, increased internal signal intensity on T1-weighted image, low signal intensity of abscess wall on T2-weighted image, thick even enhancing wall, and marked perifocal edema (4 of 4) were seen in all four cases. Cysts in cysticercosis were variable in appearance depending on the stage, but were smaller than other cystic lesions. Ex vacuo type cysts were of uniform CSF signal intensity in all pulse sequences and there was no identifiable wall or enhancement associated with enlarged adjacent ventricle and encephalomalacia (17 of 17). Congenital/developmental cysts showed a single lesion (19 of 19), a signal intensity similar to CSF in all pulse sequences (15 of 19), no identifiable wall (16 of 19), no enhancement (17 of 19), and no perifocal edema (19 of 19). MR was used to categorize supratentorial cystic intracranial lesions into four groups on the basis of their number, size, internal homogeneity of signal intensity on T1-weighted image, enhancing pattern, perifocal edema and mass effect, thereby improving diagnostic specificity and patient management

  3. CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROTIC LESION IN YOUNG PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Pizova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to determine the incidence of atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid and vertebral arteries of young patients from Doppler ultrasound data and to compare the quantitatively assessed traditional risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD with severe extracranial artery atherosclerotic lesion.Subjects and methods. Doppler ultrasound was carried out evaluating structural changes in the aortic arch branches in 1563 railway transport workers less than 45 years of age. A separate sample consisted of 68 young people with carotid atherosclerotic changes, in whom traditional risk factors for CHD were studied, so were in a control group of individuals without atherosclerotic changes (n = 38.Results. Among the examinees, carotid atherosclerotic lesion was detected in 112 (7.1 % cases, the increase in the rate of atherosclerotic plaques in patients aged 35–45 years being 9.08 %; that in the rate of local intima-media thickness in those aged 31–40 years being 5.1 %. Smoking (particularly that along with hypercholesterolemia and a family history of cardiovascular diseases, obesity (along with low activity, and emotional overstrain were defined as important risk factors in the young patients. Moreover, factor analysis has shown that smoking,hypertension, and early cardiovascular pathology in the next of kin makes the greatest contribution to the development of carotid atherosclerotic lesion.Conclusion. Among the patients less than 45 years of age, carotid and vertebral artery atherosclerotic changes were found in 112 (7.1 % cases, which were more pronounced in male patients. Smoking, particularly along with hypercholesterolemia and genetic predisposition to cardiovascular diseases, was a risk factor that had the highest impact on the degree of atherosclerotic lesion in the aortic arch branches of the young patients.

  4. CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROTIC LESION IN YOUNG PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Pizova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to determine the incidence of atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid and vertebral arteries of young patients from Doppler ultrasound data and to compare the quantitatively assessed traditional risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD with severe extracranial artery atherosclerotic lesion.Subjects and methods. Doppler ultrasound was carried out evaluating structural changes in the aortic arch branches in 1563 railway transport workers less than 45 years of age. A separate sample consisted of 68 young people with carotid atherosclerotic changes, in whom traditional risk factors for CHD were studied, so were in a control group of individuals without atherosclerotic changes (n = 38.Results. Among the examinees, carotid atherosclerotic lesion was detected in 112 (7.1 % cases, the increase in the rate of atherosclerotic plaques in patients aged 35–45 years being 9.08 %; that in the rate of local intima-media thickness in those aged 31–40 years being 5.1 %. Smoking (particularly that along with hypercholesterolemia and a family history of cardiovascular diseases, obesity (along with low activity, and emotional overstrain were defined as important risk factors in the young patients. Moreover, factor analysis has shown that smoking,hypertension, and early cardiovascular pathology in the next of kin makes the greatest contribution to the development of carotid atherosclerotic lesion.Conclusion. Among the patients less than 45 years of age, carotid and vertebral artery atherosclerotic changes were found in 112 (7.1 % cases, which were more pronounced in male patients. Smoking, particularly along with hypercholesterolemia and genetic predisposition to cardiovascular diseases, was a risk factor that had the highest impact on the degree of atherosclerotic lesion in the aortic arch branches of the young patients.

  5. Photoacoustic characterization of radiofrequency ablation lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, Richard; Dana, Nicholas; Di Biase, Luigi; Natale, Andrea; Emelianov, Stanislav

    2012-02-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) procedures are used to destroy abnormal electrical pathways in the heart that can cause cardiac arrhythmias. Current methods relying on fluoroscopy, echocardiography and electrical conduction mapping are unable to accurately assess ablation lesion size. In an effort to better visualize RFA lesions, photoacoustic (PA) and ultrasonic (US) imaging were utilized to obtain co-registered images of ablated porcine cardiac tissue. The left ventricular free wall of fresh (i.e., never frozen) porcine hearts was harvested within 24 hours of the animals' sacrifice. A THERMOCOOLR Ablation System (Biosense Webster, Inc.) operating at 40 W for 30-60 s was used to induce lesions through the endocardial and epicardial walls of the cardiac samples. Following lesion creation, the ablated tissue samples were placed in 25 °C saline to allow for multi-wavelength PA imaging. Samples were imaged with a VevoR 2100 ultrasound system (VisualSonics, Inc.) using a modified 20-MHz array that could provide laser irradiation to the sample from a pulsed tunable laser (Newport Corp.) to allow for co-registered photoacoustic-ultrasound (PAUS) imaging. PA imaging was conducted from 750-1064 nm, with a surface fluence of approximately 15 mJ/cm2 maintained during imaging. In this preliminary study with PA imaging, the ablated region could be well visualized on the surface of the sample, with contrasts of 6-10 dB achieved at 750 nm. Although imaging penetration depth is a concern, PA imaging shows promise in being able to reliably visualize RF ablation lesions.

  6. Penile lesion from gunshot wound: a 43-case experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavalcanti Andre G.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the main aspects of diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of 43 patients with gunshot wounds to the penis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The location of the lesion, the presence of associated lesions, the performance of complementary exams, surgical treatment, postoperative complications and long term follow-up of 43 patients with penile lesions from gunshot wounds were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Of 43 cases assessed, 41 were submitted to surgical exploration (95.3% and 2 were submitted to conservative treatment (4.7%. We found penile lesions involving the corpus cavernosum in 37 cases; the remaining 4 patients presented no lesions involving the corpus cavernosum, urethra or testicles but did in the superficial structures. Ten cases presented an association with testicular lesions and 14 cases association with anterior urethral lesions. CONCLUSION: Penile lesions from gunshot wounds should be treated with immediate surgical intervention. In exceptional situations featuring superficial lesions only conservative treatment may be applied.

  7. Effect of Lesion Baseline Severity and Mineral Distribution on Remineralization and Progression of Human and Bovine Dentin Caries Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippert, Frank; Churchley, David; Lynch, Richard J

    2015-11-01

    The aims of this laboratory study were to compare the effects of lesion baseline severity, mineral distribution and substrate on remineralization and progression of caries lesions created in root dentin. Lesions were formed in dentin specimens prepared from human and bovine dentin using three protocols, each utilizing three demineralization periods to create lesions of different mineral distributions (subsurface, moderate softening, extreme softening) and severity within each lesion type. Lesions were then either remineralized or demineralized further and analyzed using transverse microradiography. At lesion baseline, no differences were found between human and bovine dentin for integrated mineral loss (x0394;Z). Differences in mineral distribution between lesion types were apparent. Human dentin lesions were more prone to secondary demineralization (x0394;x0394;Z) than bovine dentin lesions, although there were no differences in x0394;L. Likewise, smaller lesions were more susceptible to secondary demineralization than larger ones. Subsurface lesions were more acid-resistant than moderately and extremely softened lesions. After remineralization, differences between human and bovine dentin lesions were not apparent for x0394;x0394;Z although bovine dentin lesions showed greater reduction in lesion depth L. For lesion types, responsiveness to remineralization (x0394;x0394;Z) was in the order extremely softened > moderately softened > subsurface. More demineralized lesions exhibited greater remineralization than shallower ones. In summary, some differences exist between human and bovine dentin and their relative responsiveness to de- and remineralization. These differences, however, were overshadowed by the effects of lesion baseline mineral distribution and severity. Thus, bovine dentin appears to be a suitable substitute for human dentin in mechanistic root caries studies. PMID:26228732

  8. Detecting bony infiltrates in patients with multiple myeloma – Is there a role for computered tomography (CT) as an alternative to the radiographic skeletal survey?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using 2 case studies, the aim of this article is to discuss if there is a role for the computed tomography (CT) skeletal survey in patients with multiple myeloma. CT has increased sensitivity and demonstrates an ability to characterise trabecular anatomy in difficult areas such as scapulae, ribs and sternum, compared with conventional radiography. It also allows differentiation between benign and pathological compression fractures, and is superior in estimating fracture risk. Other advantages of CT include demonstration of unsuspected associated pathology such as lung disease, soft tissue and visceral masses and identifying suitable biopsy sites, detection of small osteolytic lesions, multiplanar reconstructions, radiotherapy planning and surgical intervention, shorter examination time, no repositioning of the patient and therefore increased patient comfort. CT has previously been associated with increased radiation dose with careful selection of the exposure parameters the effective radiation dose can be comparable to that of conventional radiography. These case studies and examples of scanning techniques will demonstrate that whole body low dose multidetector CT is a viable alternative to the skeletal survey in patients with multiple myeloma and bone pain

  9. Perfil de severidad lesional del trauma esquelético maxilofacial / Lesion severity profile of the maxillofacial skeletal trauma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Manuel, Díaz Fernández; Anyi Lucía, Díaz Cardero.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional de 335 pacientes con lesiones esqueléticas maxilofaciales por diferentes causas, atendidos en el Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Provincial Docente Clinicoquirúrgico "Saturnino Lora Torres" de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero [...] de 2009 hasta diciembre de 2010, con vistas a caracterizarles según los calificadores anatómicos de severidad del trauma, en relación con el mecanismo lesional y el diagnóstico topográfico de estas. En la serie predominaron los pacientes con 3 o más lesiones esqueléticas (37,9 %), puras o combinadas con lesiones de tejido blando del componente bucofacial, así como las moderadas (60,0 %). En los polilesionados prevalecieron las lesiones severas sin peligro para la vida 16-24 puntos) y las severas con peligro para la vida (25-40 puntos). Por otra parte, el tercio medio facial resultó ser la región anatómica donde se localizaron con mayor frecuencia las lesiones severas sin peligro para la vida y con este; mientras que las lesiones individuales moderadas y leves primaron en esta misma región anatómica Abstract in english A descriptive, cross sectional and observational study of 335 patients with maxillofacial skeletal lesions due to different causes, assisted in the Maxillofacial Surgery Service from "Saturnino Lora Torres" Clinical Surgical Teaching Provincial Hospital in Santiago from Cuba was carried out from Jan [...] uary, 2009 to December, 2010, with the aim of characterizing them according to the anatomical qualifiers of trauma severity, in relation to the injury mechanism and the topographical diagnosis of them. In the series the patients with 3 or more skeletal injuries (37.9%), pure or combined with the soft tissue of the orofacial component, as well as moderate injuries (60.0%) prevailed. In the polyinjured patients, severe lesions prevailed without danger for life (16-24 points) and the severe ones with danger for the life (25-40 points). On the other hand, the middle facial third turned out to be the anatomical region where the severe lesions were more frequently located with and without danger for life; while the moderate and light individual lesions prevailed in this same anatomical region

  10. Tratamiento de las lesiones no palpables del seno Treatment of non palpable breast lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Torres

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Las lesiones mamarias ocultas o no palpables son clínicamente descubiertas como hallazgos incidentales durante una mamografía de tamizaje. Su localización prequirúrgica es indispensable. Este trabajo muestra la experiencia en la Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá con un nuevo método desarrollado inicialmente en Milán que consiste en la localización de lesiones mamarias no palpables mediante la inyección de una pequeña cantidad de tecnecio 99 lavado con albúmina coloidal, el cual es inoculado dentro de la lesión bajo guía estereotáxica o ecográfica. La correcta ubicación del inóculo se comprueba mediante una gammagrafía. Con el uso de una sonda que capta rayos gamma (neoprobe 2000 se localiza el sitio de la lesión y posteriormente se procede con la remoción quirúrgica de la misma. El uso de esta técnica facilita resecar de una manera rápida y precisa las lesiones mamarias no palpables, reduce el volumen de tejido mamario resecado, permite centrar mejor las lesiones y da libertad al cirujano para realizar incisiones con resultados finales más estéticos.Occult or nonpalpable breast lesions are discovered as incidental finding in screening mammography. Its preoperative localization is imperative. This paper reports the experience at the University Hospital of Fundación Santafe de Bogotá with a new method originally developed in Milan consisting in the localization of nonpalpable lesions by the injection of a small volume of technecium 99 labelled colloidal albumin into the lesions under stereotactic or echograpenic guidance. The correct localization of the innoculum is confirmed by gammagraphy. The site of the lession is determined using a gamma probe (Neoprobe 2000, and the surgical resection can them be carried out. The use of this technique facilitates the surgical resection of non palpable lesions, wich can be done with precision and accuracy, reducing the volumen of tissue that must be resected,and giving the surgeon the opportunity to perform the operation with better cosmetic results.

  11. Tratamiento de las lesiones no palpables del seno / Treatment of non palpable breast lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fabio, Torres; Javier, Romero; Gonzalo, Ucros; Luisa, Barrios.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Las lesiones mamarias ocultas o no palpables son clínicamente descubiertas como hallazgos incidentales durante una mamografía de tamizaje. Su localización prequirúrgica es indispensable. Este trabajo muestra la experiencia en la Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá con un nuevo método desarrollado inicialme [...] nte en Milán que consiste en la localización de lesiones mamarias no palpables mediante la inyección de una pequeña cantidad de tecnecio 99 lavado con albúmina coloidal, el cual es inoculado dentro de la lesión bajo guía estereotáxica o ecográfica. La correcta ubicación del inóculo se comprueba mediante una gammagrafía. Con el uso de una sonda que capta rayos gamma (neoprobe 2000) se localiza el sitio de la lesión y posteriormente se procede con la remoción quirúrgica de la misma. El uso de esta técnica facilita resecar de una manera rápida y precisa las lesiones mamarias no palpables, reduce el volumen de tejido mamario resecado, permite centrar mejor las lesiones y da libertad al cirujano para realizar incisiones con resultados finales más estéticos. Abstract in english Occult or nonpalpable breast lesions are discovered as incidental finding in screening mammography. Its preoperative localization is imperative. This paper reports the experience at the University Hospital of Fundación Santafe de Bogotá with a new method originally developed in Milan consisting in t [...] he localization of nonpalpable lesions by the injection of a small volume of technecium 99 labelled colloidal albumin into the lesions under stereotactic or echograpenic guidance. The correct localization of the innoculum is confirmed by gammagraphy. The site of the lession is determined using a gamma probe (Neoprobe 2000), and the surgical resection can them be carried out. The use of this technique facilitates the surgical resection of non palpable lesions, wich can be done with precision and accuracy, reducing the volumen of tissue that must be resected,and giving the surgeon the opportunity to perform the operation with better cosmetic results.

  12. Dynamic multislice helical CT of maxillomandibular lesions. Distinction of ameloblastomas from other cystic lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of dynamic multislice helical CT in differentiating ameloblastoma from other cystic lesions in cases of maxillomandibular cystic lesions. The study included 32 patients with maxillomandibular cystic lesions (ameloblastoma [n=6], myxofibroma [n=1], odontogenic keratocyst [n=3], dentigerous cyst [n=11], radicular cyst [n=11], and paradental cyst [n=2]). Dynamic study was performed before and 30 sec, and 90 sec after intravenous contrast medium administration. CT density values and percentage of density increase were calculated at 30 and 90 sec. In five cases of ameloblastoma, a rapidly enhancing area was detected within the cystic lesions at 30 sec, while no apparent rapid enhancement was seen in the other cystic lesions. Three cysts showed gradual enhancement in the marginal area at 90 sec. Comparing ameloblastoma and other kinds of cysts, we found significant differences in the percentage of density increase at 30 sec (p<0.01) and 90 sec (p<0.05). Dynamic multislice helical CT is useful in the diagnosis of cystic lesions of the maxillomandibular region, especially in the detection of neovascularities in ameloblastoma. (author)

  13. Dynamic multislice helical CT of maxillomandibular lesions. Distinction of ameloblastomas from other cystic lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tozaki, Mitsuhiro; Hayashi, Katsuhiko; Fukuda, Kunihiko [Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine

    2001-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of dynamic multislice helical CT in differentiating ameloblastoma from other cystic lesions in cases of maxillomandibular cystic lesions. The study included 32 patients with maxillomandibular cystic lesions (ameloblastoma [n=6], myxofibroma [n=1], odontogenic keratocyst [n=3], dentigerous cyst [n=11], radicular cyst [n=11], and paradental cyst [n=2]). Dynamic study was performed before and 30 sec, and 90 sec after intravenous contrast medium administration. CT density values and percentage of density increase were calculated at 30 and 90 sec. In five cases of ameloblastoma, a rapidly enhancing area was detected within the cystic lesions at 30 sec, while no apparent rapid enhancement was seen in the other cystic lesions. Three cysts showed gradual enhancement in the marginal area at 90 sec. Comparing ameloblastoma and other kinds of cysts, we found significant differences in the percentage of density increase at 30 sec (p<0.01) and 90 sec (p<0.05). Dynamic multislice helical CT is useful in the diagnosis of cystic lesions of the maxillomandibular region, especially in the detection of neovascularities in ameloblastoma. (author)

  14. Lesiones craneales secundarias a parto asistido con forceps / Cranial lesions due to forceps delivery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    F., Villarejo; J.M., Belinchón; F., Carceller; A., Gómez-Sierra; A., Pascual; F., Cordobés; C., Pérez-Díaz; B., Rivero.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Los partos asistidos con forceps o vacuum aumentan la incidencia de lesiones craneoencefálicas fetales, siendo la tendencia actual a realizar cesáreas en partos que se prevén difíciles. Presentamos una serie de tres casos de lesiones craneales secundarias a parto asistido con forceps, dos casos de f [...] racturas deprimidas y una fractura deprimida con hematoma epidural subyacente. El diagnóstico se realiza con la clínica y técnicas de imagen como TAC o IRM. El tratamiento es quirúrgico en la mayoría de casos, con elevación de la fractura y evacuación del hematoma. La forma correcta de aplicar los forceps resulta esencial para prevenir lesiones craneales fetales, especialmente en partos difíciles. Abstract in english Deliveries with forceps or vacuum-extraction increase the incidence of perinatal craneoencephalic lesions, for which reason cesarean sections are performed more frequently. We report 3 cases of cranial lesions due to forceps deliveries, 2 with depressed skull fractures and 1 with a depressed fractur [...] e and an associated epidural hematoma. Diagnosis is made on clinical and radiological founds with CT scan or MRI. Treatment is surgical and consists of elevation of the depressed fracture and evacuation of the hematoma. The correct use of forceps is very important to avoid this kind of lesions in the newborn, especially in cases of difficult delivery.

  15. Magnetic resonance imaging of plantar aponeurosis lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roger, B. and others

    1987-12-01

    Exploration of sporting injuries to plantar aponeurosis (PA) has up to now been based mainly on clinical examination, from which the diagnosis was established. Imaging technics such as standard radiography and ultrasound scanning have limitations allowing diagnosis to be made usually only by elimination, the lesion being very rarely visualized directly. Ten patients with hyperalgic lesion of plantar arch and functional impotence were explored by MR imaging, and in all cases this examination provided superior data confirmed at operation. The examination is painless and little invasive and can be carried out during the acute phase. The plantar aponeurosis is visualized directly between the muscle mass of the plantar arch and the fatty cushion. All three spatial planes can be investigated, most interesting data being obtained from the sagittal (in the PA axis) and frontal (comparative) planes.

  16. Imaging of the adrenal gland lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Herr

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available With the steep increase in the use of cross-sectional imaging in recent years, the incidentally detected adrenal lesion, or "incidentaloma", has become an increasingly common diagnostic problem for the radiologist, and a need for an approach to classifying these lesions as benign, malignant or indeterminate with imaging has spurred an explosion of research. While most incidentalomas represent benign disease, typically an adenoma, the possibility of malignant involvement of the adrenal gland necessitates a reliance on imaging to inform management decisions. In this article, we review the literature on adrenal gland imaging, with particular emphasis on computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and photon-emission tomography, and discuss how these findings relate to clinical practice. Emerging technologies, such as contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, dual-energy computed tomography, and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging will also be briefly addressed.

  17. Imaging of the adrenal gland lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herr, Keith [Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Muglia, Valdair F. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (FMRP/USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Koff, Walter Jose [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Cirurgia; Westphalen, Antonio Carlos, E-mail: antonio.westphalen@ucsf.edu [Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging and Urology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2014-07-15

    With the steep increase in the use of cross-sectional imaging in recent years, the incidentally detected adrenal lesion, or 'incidentaloma', has become an increasingly common diagnostic problem for the radiologist, and a need for an approach to classifying these lesions as benign, malignant or indeterminate with imaging has spurred an explosion of research. While most incidentalomas represent benign disease, typically an adenoma, the possibility of m alignant involvement of the adrenal gland necessitates a reliance on imaging to inform management decisions. In this article, we review the literature on adrenal gland imaging, with particular emphasis on computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and photon-emission tomography, and discuss how these findings relate to clinical practice. Emerging technologies, such as contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, dual-energy computed tomography, and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging will also be briefly addressed. (author)

  18. Imaging diagnosis in various renal sinus lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Yeo Dong; Byun, Jae Young; Jee, Won Hee; Hwang, Tae Gon; Park, Sok Hee; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung Hyup [Seoul National Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Myeong Jin [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-09-01

    The renal sinus extends from the perinephric space into the deep recess situatede on the tuated on the medial border of the kidney. Contained within the space are the pelvocalyceal system, fat and lymph nodes. Arteries, veins, lymphatic channels and nerves of the autonomic nervous system traverse the sinus, and various pathological conditions may occur in this area. These various sinusal lesions may present a similar imaging appearance, and diagnostic errors may frequently occur, especially if diagnosis is attempted without first clearly understanding the several possibilities. This pictorial essay demonstrates various renal sinus lesions and emphasizes the proper combination of multimodal imaging. For evaluation of the extent of the lesious, CT is the preferred imaging modality, since this best depicts the anatomy of the renal sinus. Using a proper combination of multimodal imaging, specific diagnosis was in most cases possible.=20.

  19. Proteome Profiling of Human Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Lesion

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva Santos, Claire; Attarha, Sanaz; Saini, Ravi Kanth; Boaventura, Viviane; Costa, Jackson; Khouri, Ricardo; Barral-Netto, Manoel; Brodskyn, Cláudia Ida; Souchelnytskyi, Serhiy

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we used proteomics and biological network analysis to evaluate the potential biological processes and components present in the identified proteins of biopsies from cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) patients infected by Leishmania braziliensis in comparison with normal skin. We identified 59 proteins differently expressed in samples from infected and normal skin. Biological network analysis employing identified proteins showed the presence of networks that may be involved in the cell death mediated by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. After immunohistochemical analyses, the expression of caspase-9, caspase-3, and granzyme B was validated in the tissue and positively correlated with the lesion size in CL patients. In conclusion, this work identified differentially expressed proteins in the inflammatory site of CL, revealed enhanced expression of caspase-9, and highlighted mechanisms associated with the progression of tissue damage observed in lesions. PMID:25207817

  20. Neurosonography of cranial lesions in infants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since early 1980's, high resolution ultrasound has been world-widely used for detection of cranial lesions in infants but not widely used in Korea. Authors prospectively analysed ultrasonographic findings of 107 cases which were confirmed by CT, autopsy or follow-up studies as supplement. The distribution of 107 cases was intracranial hematoma 40 cases, hydrocephalus 36 cases, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy 10 cases, porencephalic cyst 5 cases, cephalhematoma 5 case, agenesis of corpus callosum 4 cases, medulloblastoma 2 cases and each one case of A-V malformation, intraventricular cyst, Dandy Walker cyst, lipoma and hydranencephaly. We could conclude that neurosonography of infants was very useful and effective method in detection of cranial lesions such as intracranial hematoma, especially germinal matrix hemorrhage or intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infant, hydrocephalus, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and congenital anomalies.

  1. Lesion Border Detection in Dermoscopy Images

    CERN Document Server

    Celebi, M Emre; Schaefer, Gerald; Stoecker, William V; 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2008.11.002

    2010-01-01

    Background: Dermoscopy is one of the major imaging modalities used in the diagnosis of melanoma and other pigmented skin lesions. Due to the difficulty and subjectivity of human interpretation, computerized analysis of dermoscopy images has become an important research area. One of the most important steps in dermoscopy image analysis is the automated detection of lesion borders. Methods: In this article, we present a systematic overview of the recent border detection methods in the literature paying particular attention to computational issues and evaluation aspects. Conclusion: Common problems with the existing approaches include the acquisition, size, and diagnostic distribution of the test image set, the evaluation of the results, and the inadequate description of the employed methods. Border determination by dermatologists appears to depend upon higher-level knowledge, therefore it is likely that the incorporation of domain knowledge in automated methods will enable them to perform better, especially in ...

  2. Recurrent pyogenic granuloma with a satellite lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rana, Ritu; Ramachandra, Srinivas S; Prasad, Umesh C; Aggarwal, Pankaj; Dayakara, Jithendra K

    2015-08-01

    Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a tumorlike growth of the oral mucosa or skin that is considered to be an exaggerated conditioned response to minor trauma. It usually is painless, bleeds easily, and is considered to be nonneoplastic in nature. Pyogenic granuloma predominantly occurs in the second decade of life, mostly among young adult females. Clinically, it is a smooth or lobulated exophytic lesion manifesting as small, red, erythematous papules on a pedunculated or sometimes sessile base that usually is hemorrhagic. We report the case of 30-year-old woman who presented with a PG in the anterior palatal region during pregnancy that recurred with a satellite lesion 1 year following surgical excision. PMID:26367761

  3. Downbeat nystagmus: characteristics and localization of lesions.

    OpenAIRE

    Yee, R D

    1989-01-01

    Clinical examinations and eye movement recordings of 91 consecutive patients with DBN were analyzed to describe the characteristics of DBN and to localize the lesions producing this abnormality. Horizontal and vertical eye movement recordings were made with EOG and/or magnetic search coil. The most frequent causes were infarction, cerebellar and spinocerebellar degeneration syndromes, MS and developmental anomalies affecting the pons and cerebellum. Toxicity from anticonvulsant drugs probably...

  4. Hyperdense lesions in CT of cerebral toxoplasmosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of cerebral toxoplasmosis in a patient with stage IV C1 AIDS who presented hyperdense CT images 13 days after beginning antitoxoplasma treatment. These lesions could be caused by calcifications or blood. The attenuation values lead us to believe that they are calcium. Intracranial calcification in adult cerebral toxoplasmosis is an uncommon finding. Its presence in AIDS patients should not suggest any etiology other than toxoplasmosis. (Author) 16 refs

  5. Mediastinal Cystic Lesions; Experience of 77 Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koray Aydogdu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Cystic lesions of the mediastinum are rare. Most of them are congenital lesions and account for 20% to 30 % of all primary masses of the mediastinum. A retrospective study of primary mediastinal cystic lesions (PMCL was conducted to review their clinical, radiological, and pathological features, as well as the early and long-term results of surgical management.Material and Method: From January 1998 through July 2008, 77 patients—47 females and 30 males, aged 4–81 years—with PMCL were treated in our department. All of the patients were analysed acording to the age, gender, symptoms, types of cysts and type of surgery. Results: There were thirty male patients (40 %, aged 4–81 years with a mean age of 39.2, and forty-seven female (60 % patients, aged 16–65 with a mean age of 35.8. Some of the patients’ pathology slides who were diagnosed as benign cysts before are re-examined then reclassified with the new diagnosis. There were thirty-one bronchogenic cysts (44 %; 19 female, 12 males, eighteen  pericardial coelomic cysts (24 %; 7 female, 11 male, five mediastinal hydatid cysts (6 %; 4 female, 1 male, five enterogenous cysts (6 %; 3 female, 2 male,  eight thymic cysts (10 %; 7 female, 1 male, two cystic lymphangiomatosis (4 %; 1 female, 1 male, five teratogenous cysts (6 %;  4 female, 1 male, and three pleural cysts (2 female, 1 male. The main symptoms were pain, fever, dyspnea, and coughing. Twenty-three patients (30 % were asymptomatic. All of the patients underwent surgery. Mean stay in the hospital was 8 days. We did not have any deaths. Discussion: Most of the patients with PMCL were female. Most of the PMCL were foregut lesions. Despite varied location and histology, the clinical presentation of mediastinal cysts was similar. Surgery provides the best chance for cure in all cases of PMCL.

  6. Lesiones tumorales múltiples en un paciente adolescente

    OpenAIRE

    Beatriz Di Martino Ortiz; Oilda Knopfelmacher; Américo Sacco

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: El xantogranuloma juvenil (XGJ) es una histiocitosis de células no Langerhans, benigna, autocurativa, que afecta con mayor frecuencia a lactantes y niños, que se caracteriza por pápulas amarillentas asintomáticas y/o nódulos situados en la piel y otros órganos y que consisten en un infiltrado de macrófagos con un variable grado de lipidización en ausencia de un trastorno metabólico. Presentamos el caso de un varón, adolescente, de 14 años de edad, con múltiples lesiones tumorale...

  7. Visual attention capacity after right hemisphere lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habekost, Thomas; Rostrup, Egill

    2007-01-01

    Recently there has been a growing interest in visual short-term memory (VSTM) including the neural basis of the function. Processing speed, another main aspect of visual attention capacity, has received less investigation. For both cognitive functions human lesion studies are sparse. We used a whole report experiment for estimation of these two parameters in 22 patients with right side stroke. Psychophysical performance was analyzed using Bundesen's [Bundesen, C. (1990). A theory of visual atten...

  8. Heterogeneity of mammary lesions represent molecular differences

    OpenAIRE

    Borowsky Alexander D; Young Lawrence JT; Carmack Condie E; Liu Stephenie; Baron Colin A; Davis Ryan R; Maglione Jeannie E; Namba Ruria; Cardiff Robert D; Gregg Jeffrey P

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Human breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, histopathologically, molecularly and phenotypically. The molecular basis of this heterogeneity is not well understood. We have used a mouse model of DCIS that consists of unique lines of mammary intraepithelial neoplasia (MIN) outgrowths, the premalignant lesion in the mouse that progress to invasive carcinoma, to understand the molecular changes that are characteristic to certain phenotypes. Each MIN-O line has distinguishab...

  9. Platelet-rich plasma, rhOP-1 (rhBMP-7) and frozen rib allograft for the reconstruction of bony mandibular defects in sheep. A pilot experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forriol, Francisco; Longo, Umile Giuseppe; Concejo, Carlos; Ripalda, Purificacion; Maffulli, Nicola; Denaro, Vincenzo

    2009-12-01

    A 6 cm bony defect in the mandible of 15 sheep, 8 years old, was reconstructed using variously allograft of frozen rib, rhOP-1 (rh BMP-7), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and a combination of frozen rib allograft and rhOP-1. The histological, histomorphometric, immunohistochemical and radiographic features of reconstruction were analysed. The animals were euthanised at 2 months postoperatively. In the control and PRP groups, no bone formation was detected. The sheep receiving rhOP-1 showed some and those receiving both rhOP-1 and allograft showed most new bone formation; in both groups this was through endochondral and also fibrous ossification. The combination of bone allograft with growth factors demonstrated osteoconductive as well as osteoinductive properties, and is appealing in the management of problem fractures. PMID:20082791

  10. Facial lesions in piglets with intact or grinded teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hansson Monica

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Piglets are born with eight sharp teeth that during nursing can cause facial lesions on littermates and teat lesions on the sow. Teeth grinding in piglets is therefore often practiced to reduce these lesions. The aim of this study was to assess the consequences of grinding piglet teeth in regard to the occurrence of lesions. In this study the piglets' teeth were grinded in 28 litters, and in 36 litters the piglets' teeth were kept intact. Twice, one time during the first week and one time during the second week after birth facial lesions of the piglets were scored and the teats of the sows were examined for lesions. The facial lesion score accounted for the amount and severity of lesions. The individual observations on piglets in the litter were synthesized in a litter facial lesion score. Findings 69.8% and 43.5% of the piglets had facial lesions in week 1 and week 2 respectively. The effect of treatment was not significant on litter facial lesion score. The litter facial lesion score was higher in week 1 than in week 2 (p p = 0.003 than in small litters. Mortality between week 1 and week 2 was higher in litters with intact teeth (p = 0.02. Sow teat lesions only occurred if litters had intact teeth. Conclusions According to our results teeth grinding is only justifiable in large litters.

  11. Computer tomographic localization and lesion size in aphasia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using a microcomputer, the locus and extent of the lesions demonstrated on CT were superimposed on standardized matrices in 127 cases with various types of aphasia, to investigate the relationship between location of the lesions and types of aphasia. Main results were as follows. 1. Broca aphasics: The lesions involved rather large areas in the deep structures of the lower part of the precentral gyrus, the insula and the lenticular nucleus. Therefore, the finding was regarded as being of little localizing value. 2. Wernicke aphasics: At least 70 % of the patients had superior temporal lesions involving Wernicke's area and the subcortical lesions of the superior and middle temporal gyri. The site of the lesion corresponded roughly with that in the previous clinico-pathological reports but was indicated in a little deeper area. 3. Amnestic aphasics: The size of the lesion was smaller than any other type but the lesions were distributed throughout the left hemisphere. Amnestic asphasia was thought to be the least localizable. 4. Conduction aphasics: Most patients had lesions in the posterior speech area involving part of Wernicke's area. In particular, in more than 80 % of the conduction aphasics the lesions were revealed in the supramarginal gyrus and it's adjacent deep structures. 5. Global aphasics: In general, the size of the lesion was very large and 70 % of the global aphasics had extensive lesions involving both Broca's and Wernicke's areas. However, there were some patients showing small and confined lesions. (author)

  12. Transarterial embolization in head and neck lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The transarterial embolization procedures have been performed in a total of 38 patients with head and neck lesions, including 5 carotid-cavernous fistulas, 1 internal carotid aneurysm, 10 meningiomas, 16 nasopharyngeal angiofibromas, 1 post-traumatic epistaxis and 5 other vascular tumors, over the 18 months-period. Six cases of C-C fistula and ICA aneurysm were treated with the detachable balloon catheter technique. The meningiomas, angiofibromas and all other lesions were embolized with superselection of the branches of the external carotid artery such as the internal maxillary, the middle meningeal, the ascending pharyngeal the facial or other branches, using Berenstein superselective catheters or conventional angiographic catheters. The PVA (polyvinyl alcohol foam) and/or Gelfoam particles were used as embolic materials in these cases. Most of the lesions were successfully embolized with minor transient complications such as pain, headache, vomiting, fever and etc. But in 4 cases occurred the serious complications; one cerebral hemorrhage, two cerebral infarctions, and one acute laryngeal edema. The selection of the embolic materials and the catheters, and the complications are briefly discussed

  13. Ultrasonography of anterior abdominal wall lesion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, K.N.; Lee, S. K.; Park, H. Y.; Kim, Y. S.; Park, B. H. [Maryrnoll Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    1983-12-15

    The anterior abdominal wall has received little attention in the ultrasonic evaluation. However recently the improved resolution of ultrasound scanning devices has made possible routine examination of the anterior abdominal wall. The authors evaluated ultrasonographic findings of anterior abdominal wall lesions in 27 cases for 1 year(from July '82 to Aug. '83), which were finally diagnosed pathologically and clinically. The results were as follows: 1. Well defined peritoneal line and layers of the anterior abdominal wall made it possible to localize the lesions accurately from adjacent structures. 2. Abscess and hematoma were lower in echogenecity than adjacent tissues, such as muscle layer or subcutaneous fat space and were well delineated from normal structures. 3. In hernia, easy differentiation was made due to oval shape, poor or decreased echo pattern and protrustion from skin layer. Conclusively, in the doubtful cases of palpable mass in the abdominal wall, postoperative complications of sequele, such as accurately but also the guide of treatment. Ultrasonography of anterior abdominal wall is useful to demonstrate the exact location, extent of the lesions and to decrease the frequency of useless laparatomy

  14. Intracranial lesions in dogs with hemangiosarcoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A retrospective analysis of 85 dogs with hemangiosarcoma (HSA) that underwent complete necropsy, including gross examination of the brain, was conducted. Grossly identifiable intracranial lesions were present in 17 dogs. Twelve of 85 dogs (14.2%) had brain metastases. Four of 85 dogs (4.7%) had hemorrhagic lesions and/or ischemic necrosis without identifiable tumor. One dog had a primary central nervous system tumor. Signs of intracranial disease were present in six of 85 dogs (7.1%) with HSA; four had brain metastases and two had nonneoplastic lesions. Metastases had a propensity for cerebrum and gray matter. Dogs with brain metastases had more widely disseminated disease than dogs without brain metastases (P less than 0.001). Dogs with pulmonary metastases were at greater risk for developing brain metastases than dogs without pulmonary metastases (odds ratio = 8.31). Although thoracic radiography accurately identified ten of 12 dogs (83%) with pulmonary metastases, too few cases were available to assess the applicability/accuracy of thoracic radiography in predicting the presence or absence of brain metastases in dogs with malignancy and signs of intracranial disease

  15. A toolbox for multiple sclerosis lesion segmentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lesion segmentation plays an important role in the diagnosis and follow-up of multiple sclerosis (MS). This task is very time-consuming and subject to intra- and inter-rater variability. In this paper, we present a new tool for automated MS lesion segmentation using T1w and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images. Our approach is based on two main steps, initial brain tissue segmentation according to the gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) performed in T1w images, followed by a second step where the lesions are segmented as outliers to the normal apparent GM brain tissue on the FLAIR image. The tool has been validated using data from more than 100 MS patients acquired with different scanners and at different magnetic field strengths. Quantitative evaluation provided a better performance in terms of precision while maintaining similar results on sensitivity and Dice similarity measures compared with those of other approaches. Our tool is implemented as a publicly available SPM8/12 extension that can be used by both the medical and research communities. (orig.)

  16. Lesion mapping of social problem solving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbey, Aron K; Colom, Roberto; Paul, Erick J; Chau, Aileen; Solomon, Jeffrey; Grafman, Jordan H

    2014-10-01

    Accumulating neuroscience evidence indicates that human intelligence is supported by a distributed network of frontal and parietal regions that enable complex, goal-directed behaviour. However, the contributions of this network to social aspects of intellectual function remain to be well characterized. Here, we report a human lesion study (n = 144) that investigates the neural bases of social problem solving (measured by the Everyday Problem Solving Inventory) and examine the degree to which individual differences in performance are predicted by a broad spectrum of psychological variables, including psychometric intelligence (measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale), emotional intelligence (measured by the Mayer, Salovey, Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test), and personality traits (measured by the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory). Scores for each variable were obtained, followed by voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that working memory, processing speed, and emotional intelligence predict individual differences in everyday problem solving. A targeted analysis of specific everyday problem solving domains (involving friends, home management, consumerism, work, information management, and family) revealed psychological variables that selectively contribute to each. Lesion mapping results indicated that social problem solving, psychometric intelligence, and emotional intelligence are supported by a shared network of frontal, temporal, and parietal regions, including white matter association tracts that bind these areas into a coordinated system. The results support an integrative framework for understanding social intelligence and make specific recommendations for the application of the Everyday Problem Solving Inventory to the study of social problem solving in health and disease. PMID:25070511

  17. Basal ganglia lesions in children and adults

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The term “basal ganglia” refers to caudate and lentiform nuclei, the latter composed of putamen and globus pallidus, substantia nigra and subthalamic nuclei and these deep gray matter structures belong to the extrapyramidal system. Many diseases may present as basal ganglia abnormalities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) – to a lesser degree – allow for detection of basal ganglia injury. In many cases, MRI alone does not usually allow to establish diagnosis but together with the knowledge of age and circumstances of onset and clinical course of the disease is a powerful tool of differential diagnosis. The lesions may be unilateral: in Rassmussen encephalitis, diabetes with hemichorea/hemiballism and infarction or – more frequently – bilateral in many pathologic conditions. Restricted diffusion is attributable to infarction, acute hypoxic–ischemic injury, hypoglycemia, Leigh disease, encephalitis and CJD. Contrast enhancement may be seen in cases of infarction and encephalitis. T1-hyperintensity of the lesions is uncommon and may be observed unilaterally in case of hemichorea/hemiballism and bilaterally in acute asphyxia in term newborns, in hypoglycemia, NF1, Fahr disease and manganese intoxication. Decreased signal intensity on GRE/T2*-weighted images and/or SWI indicating iron, calcium or hemosiderin depositions is observed in panthotenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy, Fahr disease (and other calcifications) as well as with the advancing age. There are a few papers in the literature reviewing basal ganglia lesions. The authors present a more detailed review with rich iconography from the own archive

  18. Basal ganglia lesions in children and adults

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bekiesinska-Figatowska, Monika, E-mail: m.figatowska@mp.pl [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Institute of Mother and Child, ul. Kasprzaka 17a, 01-211 Warsaw (Poland); Mierzewska, Hanna, E-mail: h.mierzewska@gmail.com [Department of Neurology of Children and Adolescents, Institute of Mother and Child, ul. Kasprzaka 17a, 01-211 Warsaw (Poland); Jurkiewicz, El?bieta, E-mail: e-jurkiewicz@o2.pl [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Children' s Memorial Health Institute, Al. Dzieci Polskich 20, 04-730 Warsaw (Poland)

    2013-05-15

    The term “basal ganglia” refers to caudate and lentiform nuclei, the latter composed of putamen and globus pallidus, substantia nigra and subthalamic nuclei and these deep gray matter structures belong to the extrapyramidal system. Many diseases may present as basal ganglia abnormalities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) – to a lesser degree – allow for detection of basal ganglia injury. In many cases, MRI alone does not usually allow to establish diagnosis but together with the knowledge of age and circumstances of onset and clinical course of the disease is a powerful tool of differential diagnosis. The lesions may be unilateral: in Rassmussen encephalitis, diabetes with hemichorea/hemiballism and infarction or – more frequently – bilateral in many pathologic conditions. Restricted diffusion is attributable to infarction, acute hypoxic–ischemic injury, hypoglycemia, Leigh disease, encephalitis and CJD. Contrast enhancement may be seen in cases of infarction and encephalitis. T1-hyperintensity of the lesions is uncommon and may be observed unilaterally in case of hemichorea/hemiballism and bilaterally in acute asphyxia in term newborns, in hypoglycemia, NF1, Fahr disease and manganese intoxication. Decreased signal intensity on GRE/T2*-weighted images and/or SWI indicating iron, calcium or hemosiderin depositions is observed in panthotenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy, Fahr disease (and other calcifications) as well as with the advancing age. There are a few papers in the literature reviewing basal ganglia lesions. The authors present a more detailed review with rich iconography from the own archive.

  19. Precursor lesions of invasive breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increasing application of mammography, mainly in screening programs for the early detection of breast cancer, and the high technical standard of imaging has resulted in the detection of clinically occult breast tumors. Considering that only diagnosis at an early stage will be able to change the prognosis of breast cancer, this diagnostic challenge appears to be the most exciting field in both breast imaging and breast pathology. Especially the precursor lesions need to be diagnosed and defined precisely to understand their prognostic significance. In imaging, the morphologic appearance of precursor lesions is usually neither typical nor pathognomonic. They have to be assessed histologically using percutaneous interventions. Recent molecular studies have demonstrated various genetic alterations in the ductal epithelium, with the earliest onset in atypical ductal hyperplasia. The recent WHO classification, which is based on molecular data and histopathological features, attempts to define in particular the precursor lesions and low grade intraductal carcinomas. The clinical importance of the various grades has to be assessed. Intimate cooperation between diagnostic radiologist and pathologist is essential

  20. Periodontal Management of Non Healing Endodontic Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin H. Dani

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The fact that the periodontium is anatomically interrelated with the dental pulp by virtue of apical foramina and lateral canals creates pathways for exchange of noxious agents between the two tissue compartments when either or both of the tissues are diseased. Proper diagnosis of the various disorders affecting the periodontium and the pulp is important to exclude unnecessary and even detrimental treatment. This is a clinical case report of an enododontic-periodontic lesion in relation to lower left central incisor. Root canal treatment has been done with the respected tooth six months ago, but the lesion showed no sign of healing resulting in draining sinus and increasing pocket depth. Radiographic examination revealed overobturation of gutta-percha with peri-radicular pathology. Periodontal flap surgery was performed and the defect was filled with bone graft mixed with Platelet rich plasma (PRP and covered by platelet rich fibrin (PRF. Patient reviewed for six months which showed uneventful healing and no recurrence of the lesion.

  1. A toolbox for multiple sclerosis lesion segmentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roura, Eloy; Oliver, Arnau; Valverde, Sergi; Llado, Xavier [University of Girona, Computer Vision and Robotics Group, Girona (Spain); Cabezas, Mariano; Pareto, Deborah; Rovira, Alex [Vall d' Hebron University Hospital, Magnetic Resonance Unit, Dept. of Radiology, Barcelona (Spain); Vilanova, Joan C. [Girona Magnetic Resonance Center, Girona (Spain); Ramio-Torrenta, Lluis [Dr. Josep Trueta University Hospital, Institut d' Investigacio Biomedica de Girona, Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology Unit, Girona (Spain)

    2015-10-15

    Lesion segmentation plays an important role in the diagnosis and follow-up of multiple sclerosis (MS). This task is very time-consuming and subject to intra- and inter-rater variability. In this paper, we present a new tool for automated MS lesion segmentation using T1w and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images. Our approach is based on two main steps, initial brain tissue segmentation according to the gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) performed in T1w images, followed by a second step where the lesions are segmented as outliers to the normal apparent GM brain tissue on the FLAIR image. The tool has been validated using data from more than 100 MS patients acquired with different scanners and at different magnetic field strengths. Quantitative evaluation provided a better performance in terms of precision while maintaining similar results on sensitivity and Dice similarity measures compared with those of other approaches. Our tool is implemented as a publicly available SPM8/12 extension that can be used by both the medical and research communities. (orig.)

  2. Experimental study of bone blood flow and metabolism of the distal femoral shaft with bony cement obstructed proximal and middle femoral marrow cavity of rabbit by 99Tcm-MDP bone imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the short-term and long-term effects on the distal femoral bone blood flow and metabolism after obstruction of proximal and middle femoral marrow cavity with bony cement by 99Tcm-methylene diphosphonic acid (MDP) bone imaging. Methods: Rabbit models whose proximal and middle femoral marrow cavity of left sides were infused with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) while the right sides served as the control were established. Twenty-four rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups according to different time phases [0 d (T0), 4th week (T4), 8th week (T8) and 16th week (T16)] after operation. 99Tcm-MDP dynamic and static images of bilateral distal femoral of the rabbit models were performed. Ratios of region of interest (ROI) between the experimental side (left) and the control side (right) were counted and compared. Results: In various time phases of the dynamic and static images, the radioactivity of the experimental sides in group T0 and T4 were lower than the controls while higher in T8 and T16; T16 was the highest. The ratios between T0 and T8, TO and T16, T4 and T16, T8 and T16, T4 and T8 had statistical significance (P0 and T4 (P>0.05). There were the same results in both dynamic and static imaging. Conclusion: The intraosseous and intramedullary blood circulation is severely damaged after obstruction of the proximal and middle femoral marrow cavity with bony cement, which causing local changes of hemodynamics and bone metabolism on the distal femoral. (authors)

  3. DW-MRI of liver lesions: Can a single ADC-value represent the entire lesion?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate whether focal liver lesions (FLLs) exhibit a homogeneous appearance on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps and whether there is inter-section variation in the calculated ADC values of FLLs (inter-section range). Materials and methods: Eighty-eight patients with 128 FLLs (70 benign, 58 malignant) who underwent abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including diffusion-weighted (DW)-MRI were included. Two observers evaluated variation of signal intensity of each FLL within each ADC map image (intra-section) and among different ADC map images through the lesion (inter-section). ADC values of each FLL and neighbouring liver parenchyma were measured on all sections. The inter-section range of FLLs was compared with the neighbouring liver parenchyma. Results: Intra-section inhomogeneity was noted in 39.8% (97/244 sections) and 38.9% (95/244) of benign lesions, and 61% (114/187 sections) and 61.5% (115/187) of malignant lesions, by observer 1 and observer 2, respectively. Inter-section inhomogeneity was noted in 25.7% (18/70) and 27.1% (19/70) of benign lesions, and 51.7% (30/58) and 50% (29/58) of malignant lesions, by observer 1 and observer 2, respectively. The inter-section range for both benign (0.28 × 10?3 mm²/s) and malignant (0.25 × 10?3 mm²/s) FLLs were significantly greater than that of liver parenchyma surrounding benign (0.16 × 10?3 mm²/s, p < 0.001) and malignant (0.14 × 10?3 mm²/s, p = 0.01) FLLs. Conclusion: Due to intra-/inter-section variations in ADC values of benign and malignant FLLs, a single ADC value may not reliably represent the entire lesion

  4. Selective endoscopic ligation for treatment of upper gastrointestinal protuberant lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the clinical value of endoscopic ligation for the treatment of upper gastrointestinal (GI protuberant lesions in children. According to the appearance and size of lesions, we used different ligation techniques for the treatment of the lesions. Endoscopic ultrasonography was used for preliminary characterization of the lesions. One case diagnosed with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome was successfully treated by a detachable snare. Two cases with semi-pedunculated or broad-base lesions originating from the submucosal layer of the upper GI were treated with endoscopic variceal ligation; endoscopic examination showed that one case had complete healing 11 wk after ligation, while an ulcer scar was observed at the ligation site after 6 wk in the other case. All lesions were successfully ligated at the first attempt. No significant complications occurred either during or after the procedure. Selective endoscopic ligation of upper GI lesions is an effective and safe treatment for upper GI protuberant lesions in children.

  5. Diverse Imaging characteristics of a mandibular intraosseous vascular lesion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Handa, Hina; Naidu, Giridhar S.; Dara, Balaji Gandhi Babu; Deshpande, Ashwini; Raghavendra, Raju [Peoples Dental Academy, Bhopal (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    Intraosseous vascular lesions of the maxillofacial region are rare, and the differential diagnosis of intraosseous vascular malformations from other jaw lesions can be challenging. In the present case, magnetic resonance imaging and three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was used for diagnosis, and the lesion was treated with surgical excision. Diverse characteristics such as the 'honeycomb' and 'sunburst' radiographic appearances and the absence of major peripheral feeder vessels in the CTA were noted. Intraosseous vascular malformations have a varied radiographic appearance, and the nomenclature of these lesions is equally diverse, with several overlapping terms. Pathologists do not generally differentiate among intraosseous vascular lesions on the basis of histopathology, although these lesions may present with contrasting immunohistochemical and clinical behaviors requiring varied treatment strategies. This case report highlights the need for multiple imaging modalities to differentiate among vascular lesions, as well as to better understand the behaviors of these unique lesions.

  6. Diverse Imaging characteristics of a mandibular intraosseous vascular lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intraosseous vascular lesions of the maxillofacial region are rare, and the differential diagnosis of intraosseous vascular malformations from other jaw lesions can be challenging. In the present case, magnetic resonance imaging and three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was used for diagnosis, and the lesion was treated with surgical excision. Diverse characteristics such as the 'honeycomb' and 'sunburst' radiographic appearances and the absence of major peripheral feeder vessels in the CTA were noted. Intraosseous vascular malformations have a varied radiographic appearance, and the nomenclature of these lesions is equally diverse, with several overlapping terms. Pathologists do not generally differentiate among intraosseous vascular lesions on the basis of histopathology, although these lesions may present with contrasting immunohistochemical and clinical behaviors requiring varied treatment strategies. This case report highlights the need for multiple imaging modalities to differentiate among vascular lesions, as well as to better understand the behaviors of these unique lesions.

  7. Benign Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions of the Vulva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Debra S

    2015-09-01

    A variety of mass lesions may affect the vulva. These may be non-neoplastic, or represent benign or malignant neoplasms. A review of benign mass lesions and neoplasms of the vulva is presented. PMID:26125957

  8. Morel-Lavallee lesion in the knee: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morel-Lavallee lesion is a degloving injury of the interface between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia. This lesion is characterized by the development of a fluid collection that, although originally described in the thigh, it has also been described in other anatomical sites. The authors report the case of a patient with Morel-Lavallee lesion in the knee after trauma and describe the main characteristics of the lesion. (author)

  9. Automated measurement of local white matter lesion volume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Lijn, F.; Verhaaren, B.F.J.; Ikram, M.A.; Klein, S.; de Bruijne, Marleen; Vrooman, H.A.; Vernooij, M.W.; Hammers, A.; Rueckert, D.; van der Lugt, A.; Breteler, M.M.B.; Niessen, W.J.

    2012-01-01

    It has been hypothesized that white matter lesions at different locations may have different etiology and clinical consequences. Several approaches for the quantification of local white matter lesion load have been proposed in the literature, most of which rely on a distinction between lesions in a periventricular region close to the ventricles and a subcortical zone further away. In this work we present a novel automated method for local white matter lesion volume quantification in magnetic res...

  10. Improvement in Lesion Detection with Whole – Body Oncologic TOF - PET

    OpenAIRE

    El Fakhri, Georges; Surti, Suleman; Trott, Cathryn M.; Scheuermann, Joshua; KARP, JOEL S.

    2011-01-01

    Time of Flight (TOF) PET has great potential in whole-body oncological applications and recent work has demonstrated qualitatively in patient studies the improvement that can be achieved in lesion visibility. The aim of this work was to objectively quantify the improvement in lesion detectability that can be achieved in pulmonary and hepatic lesions with whole body FDG TOF-PET in a cohort of 100 patients as a function of patient body mass index (BMI), lesion location and contrast, and scannin...

  11. Morel-Lavallee lesion in the knee: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitrez, Eduardo Hennemann, E-mail: epitrez@terra.com.b [Clinica Radiologica Osorio Lopes, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Pellanda, Roberto Campos; Silva, Mariana Eltz; Holz, Gustavo Garcia; Hertz, Felipe Teixeira [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Hospital Sao Lucas; Hoefel Filho, Joao Rubiao [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Center of Imaging Diagnosis

    2010-09-15

    Morel-Lavallee lesion is a degloving injury of the interface between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia. This lesion is characterized by the development of a fluid collection that, although originally described in the thigh, it has also been described in other anatomical sites. The authors report the case of a patient with Morel-Lavallee lesion in the knee after trauma and describe the main characteristics of the lesion. (author)

  12. Sealing occlusal caries lesions in adults referred for restorative treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakhshandeh, Azam; Qvist, Vibeke; Ekstrand, Kim R

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the possibility to arrest occlusal caries lesions in adults by sealant as well as to assess the presence of radiographic progression, arrest, and regression of the sealed lesions. Seventy-two occlusal caries lesions in 52 adult patients referred to restorative treatment by senior lecturers at School of Dentistry, Copenhagen, Denmark were included. In case the patient had more than one occlusal caries lesion, randomization between sealing and restoration was ma...

  13. Sonographic Findings of Morel-Lavalle'e Lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the sonographic features of Morel-Lavalle'e lesions by correlating the US image findings with a lesion's age. We obtained the sonography reports of 20 Morel-Lavalle'e lesions of the hip and extremities from 18 patients with a history of trauma. The US images were reviewed to characterize the echogenicity, shape, homogeneity, margins, location and size of the lesions. The results were correlated with the age of the lesions and the clinical histories. All the Morel-Lavalle'e lesions were hypoechoic or anechoic fluid collections located between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia. Regarding the shape of the fluid collections, the lobular shaped lesions were all less than 21 days for the lesion's age, and the flat fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. Regarding the homogeneity, the heterogeneous fluid collections were all less than 25 days of age, and the homogeneous fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. A Morel-Lavalle'e lesion is seen as a posttraumatic fluid collection in the potential space between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia on an ultrasound examination. Acute Morel-Lavalle'e lesions tended to be heterogeneous and lobular, and they became more homogeneous and flat in shape as the lesions evolved. Awareness of these imaging findings will help us to properly diagnose Morel- Lavalle'e lesions

  14. The concentration of tumor necrosis factor alpha in periapical lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popović Jelena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The balance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic periapical lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of TNF-α in tissue homogenates of periapical lesions and analyze its levels in relation to the symptomatology and the size of lesions. Materials and Methods. 93 samples of chronic periapical lesions were obtained after extraction of teeth. Samples were classified according to the clinical presentation as symptomatic and asymptomatic, and according to the size as large and small. The concentration of TNF-α was analyzed using ELISA. Results. The results showed increased production of TNF-α in symptomatic lesions compared to asymptomatic. Higher concentration of TNF-α was demonstrated in large lesions compared to small. Large symptomatic lesions showed greater concentration of TNF-α compared to small symptomatic lesions, while bigger asymptomatic lesions demonstrated higher amount of the cytokines compared to small asymptomatic lesions. Conclusion. Higher concentration of TNF-α in large symptomatic lesions indicates that TNF-α is an important factor responsible for the progression of lesions.

  15. Sonographic Findings of Morel-Lavalle'e Lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Yu Jin; Yang, Ik; Lee, Yul; Woo, Ji Young; Hong, Hye Suk; Jung, Ah Young; Jeh, Su Kyung [Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-09-15

    We reviewed the sonographic features of Morel-Lavalle'e lesions by correlating the US image findings with a lesion's age. We obtained the sonography reports of 20 Morel-Lavalle'e lesions of the hip and extremities from 18 patients with a history of trauma. The US images were reviewed to characterize the echogenicity, shape, homogeneity, margins, location and size of the lesions. The results were correlated with the age of the lesions and the clinical histories. All the Morel-Lavalle'e lesions were hypoechoic or anechoic fluid collections located between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia. Regarding the shape of the fluid collections, the lobular shaped lesions were all less than 21 days for the lesion's age, and the flat fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. Regarding the homogeneity, the heterogeneous fluid collections were all less than 25 days of age, and the homogeneous fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. A Morel-Lavalle'e lesion is seen as a posttraumatic fluid collection in the potential space between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia on an ultrasound examination. Acute Morel-Lavalle'e lesions tended to be heterogeneous and lobular, and they became more homogeneous and flat in shape as the lesions evolved. Awareness of these imaging findings will help us to properly diagnose Morel- Lavalle'e lesions

  16. Multidetector computed tomography of jaw lesions in children and adolescents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Jaw lesions in paediatric and adolescent population are uncommon and can arise in odontogenic or non-odontogenic tissues. With the advent of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), algorithm for imaging jaw lesions has changed dramatically. This pictorial essay describes the imaging appearance of commonly encountered jaw lesions in children and adolescents with emphasis on MDCT findings

  17. Lacrimal ducts lesions: evaluation by computerized tomography and ultrasonography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-eight cases in patients with facial lesions were studied by ultrasonography, computerized tomography and scintiscanning techniques. A diagnostic investigation must be done by computerized tomography to diagnose the lesion. A complementary ultrasonography show the details of the lesion. The simple radiography of skull and orbits is not necessary. (L.M.J.)

  18. Herpes Zoster with disseminated lesions. What is it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, S; Gupta, S; Thomas, M; Mahendra, A; Jindal, N; Bhaskar, G; Aggarwal, M

    2013-03-15

    Herpes Zoster (HZ) is a Cutaneous Viral infection caused by Varicella zoster virus (VZV). Lesions of HZ are usually limited to one dermatome only but sometimes, there can be dissemination of lesions. The present case describes the role of proper examination of HZ case, which presents with disseminated lesions. PMID:23599827

  19. Osteoporotic skull lesions in moose at Isle Royale National Park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hindelang, M; Peterson, R O

    1996-01-01

    Osteoporotic lesions were evaluated in the skulls of moose (Alces alces) collected in Isle Royale National Park, Michigan (USA), from 1958 to 1994. Circular lesions which penetrated the outer table of the skull were distributed over the frontal and nasal bones asymmetrically in both sexes. About 32% of skulls recovered had some porotic lesions with slightly greater prevalence among males. PMID:8627919

  20. Cerebral white matter lesions and depressive symptoms in elderly adults

    OpenAIRE

    de Groot, J. C.; Leeuw, H.F. de; Oudkerk, M.; Jolles, J.; Breteler, M.M.B.; Hofman, A.

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is evidence for a vascular cause of late-life depression. Cerebral white matter lesions are thought to represent vascular abnormalities. White matter lesions have been related to affective disorders and a history of late-onset depression in psychiatric patients. Their relation with mood disturbances in the general population is not known. We investigated the relation between white matter lesions an...

  1. 21 CFR 882.4400 - Radiofrequency lesion generator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Radiofrequency lesion generator. 882.4400 Section 882.4400 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... lesion generator. (a) Identification. A radiofrequency lesion generator is a device used to...

  2. Skin lesions in renal transplant recipients: A single center analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Leni

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The chronic use of immunosuppressants in renal transplant recipients (RTRs predisposes them to a variety of skin manifestations. Studies on skin lesions in RTRs from India have been limited. Aim: To study the prevalence and clinical spectrum of skin diseases in RTR in patients attending the Nephrology clinic of a tertiary care hospital in South India. Methods: Between October 2002 and June 2003, 365 RTRs were evaluated for skin lesions, including 280 examined after renal transplant (group A and 85 examined once before and then monthly after transplant for a period of 6 months (group B. Results: A total of 1163 skin lesions were examined in 346 RTRs (94.7% including lesions of aesthetic interest (LAI [62.3%] followed by infections [27.3%]. All LAI were drug-related manifestations, making it the most common skin lesion, while fungal (58.7% and viral (29.3% infections constituted majority of lesions caused by infection. Lesions related to neoplasms were relatively uncommon (2.1% and all lesions were benign. Miscellaneous lesions constituted 8.3% of skin lesions, which included vaccine-induced necrobiotic granulomas at the site of Hepatitis B vaccination and acquired perforating dermatoses. Conclusion: Skin lesions among RTRs from India consist predominantly of drug-related LAI and infections and are different from the West in view of the paucity of neoplastic lesions.

  3. Lesiones por mordedura de perro en niños

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sergio D., Schvartzman; Mirta B., Pacín.

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción y objetivo. Describir las características epidemiológicas de las lesiones por mordeduras de perro e identificar patrones en el huésped, el agente y el medio ambiente que puedan servir para desarrollar estrategias de prevención. Población, material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo, transve [...] rsal. Incluyó todos los menores de 14 años que consultaron por mordedura de perro en la Guardia de Pediatría del Hospital Neuquén desde mayo 2001 a mayo 2002. Resultados. Hubo 131 consultas. La mediana de edad fue 7 ± 3,5 años (rango 14 meses a 14 años), con una relación varón: mujer de 2 a 1 en todas las edades. En comparación con los niños mayores, los menores de 5 años tuvieron más riesgo de sufrir ataques provocados (OR: 5,87 IC 95% 2,37 - 14,83) y de resultar lesionados en su cara, cabeza o cuello (OR 9,90 IC95% 3,92- 25,59). En los accidentes domiciliarios (62%) las víctimas fueron menores que en los callejeros (5,6 contra 8 años; p= 0,003). La mayoría de los perros fueron machos, mestizos y pertenecían a un vecino. Cuatro por ciento de las lesiones fueron graves y ninguna, fatal. No hubo relación entre raza del perro y la gravedad de la lesión. Conclusiones. Tuvimos un alto porcentaje de mordeduras callejeras. En este grupo, la víctima típica fue un varón en edad escolar con lesiones en miembros inferiores producidas por el perro de un vecino. En las mordeduras hogareñas las víctimas fueron más pequeñas, los ataques, generalmente provocados y predominaron las lesiones en la cabeza. Se proponen estrategias preventivas. Abstract in english Introduction and objetive. To describe the epidemiologic characteristics of dog-bite related injuries and to identify patterns in the host, the agent and the environment that may be useful to develop prevention strategies. Population, material and methods. Cross-sectional, descriptive study includin [...] g all patients under 14 who were treated for a dog-bite-related injury at our Pediatric Emergency Department from May 22nd, 2001 to May 21st, 2002. Results. A total of 131 patients were treated. The median age was 7 ± 3.5 years (range 14 months to 14 years), with a 2:1 male/female ratio. When compared with older children, victims younger than five were more likely to suffer a provoked attack (OR: 5.87 CI95% 2.37- 14.83) and to be bitten in their face, head or neck (OR 9.90 CI95% 3.92- 25.59). Victims bitten at home (62%) were significatively younger than those bitten at public places (5.6 vs. 8 years; p= 0,003). Sixty-nine percent of the dogs were male and most of them belonged to a neighbour. Four percent of the lesions were serious, none fatal. There were no relationship between dog's breed and severity of injuries. Conclusions. There was a higher proportion of bites that occurred at public places. In this scenario, the typical victim was a schoolboy bitten in his lower limbs by a neighbour's freely roaming dog. When bites occurred indoors, victims tended to be younger, attacks were usually provoked and lesions involved the head. Prevention strategies are proposed.

  4. The role of FDG PET in differentiating various ovarian lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of positron emission tomography with F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG PET) in the ovarian lesions. Fifty-seven ovarian masses from 54 patients were included in this study. All the patients underwent FDG PET for further differentiation of the known ovarian lesions detected on anatomical imaging such as ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The ovarian masses were divided into three groups (benign, equivocal, and malignant) based on findings seen on US, CT, and/or MRI. On FDG PET, a cutoff SUV more than 3 was used for malignancy. Final conclusions to assess the value of FDG PET were based on histolopathologic specimen. Twenty-two lesions were classified as malignant, 10 as equivocal, and 25 as benign lesions according to the findings on anatomical imaging. Of the 22 lesions. 12 were proven malignant, 3 borderline, and 7 benign tumors. On FDG PET, 10 lesions were correctly diagnosed as malignant and 6 lesions were correctly identified as benign. However, it missed 2 ovarian metastases and 3 borderline lesions, and resulted in one false positive. The 10 equivocal lesions were confirmed as benign histopathologically. Of the 10 lesions, the SUVs of 9 lesions were 3 or less and the remaining one had a SUV of more than 3. Of the 25 lesions classified as benign on anatomical imaging, all except one borderline malignancy were proven to be benign. PET missed the one borderline malignancy and made one false positive result in this group. When the lesion is classified as benign or equivocal on conventional anatomical imaging. PET may not have any additional role in further differentiating the lesion. Both PET and conventional imaging appear to be limited in correctly identifying borderline malignancy and metastases of the ovary. Based on our results. FDG PET may have a limited role in further differentiating the lesions on US, CT, or MRI

  5. Lesiones bucales vistas en la embarazada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leira Lárez

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Estudiar los problemas bucales y los factores individuales, ambientales y sociales que influyen en la salud bucal durante el embarazo. Método: Se estudiaron 251 embarazadas vistas en el Servicio de Odontología de la Maternidad "Concepción Palacios" de Caracas, que presentaban una o más lesiones bucales. Ambiente: Servicio de Odontología de la Maternidad "Concepción Palacios" de Caracas, Distrito Capital. Resultados: De las 251 pacientes estudiadas, 153 (60,96% presentaron gingivitis como la lesión bucal más frecuente vista en la embarazada, seguida por 15 casos (5,98% de úlceras inespecíficas y en tercer lugar 14 casos (5,58% de agrandamientos gingivales y estomatitis subprotésicas respectivamente. Conclusiones: Debido a que las embarazadas presentan alteraciones en su sistema inmunológico y un desequilibrio hormonal, son propensas a padecer lesiones bucales durante su condición de gestantes.Objective: To study the oral problems, as well as the individual, environmental, and social factors, that may have an impact on oral health during pregnancy. Method: 251 pregnant women were studied, who were treated at the Odontology Service of the "Concepción Palacios" Maternity Hospital in Caracas and presented one or more oral injuries. Setting: Odontology Service of the "Concepción Palacios" Maternity Hospital, Caracas, Capital District. Results: Of the 251 patients studied, 153 (60,96% presented gingivitis, which was the most frequently found oral injury, followed by 15 cases (5,98% of unspecified ulcers and in third place 14 cases (5,58% of gingival enlargement and 14 other cases (5,58% of subprothesic stomatitis. Conclusions: Since pregnant women have alterations in their immunological systems and hormonal imbalances, they are prone to suffer from buccal lesions during their pregnancies.

  6. Hyperparathyroidism and bone lesions. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Primary hyperparathyroidism can course with bone lesions known as fibrocystic osteitis in 25% to 60% of the cases and manifest itself by fractures, bone pain, deformations and inflammatory reaction. A 17 years old patient was listened with report of trauma in the left wrist, lumbar and in the right knee pain, with inflammatory signals and thinning 15 kg in 8 months. After x-ray of the left wrist and hand, bone rarefaction and insufflated lesion in the left chiro-dactyl third proximal phalanx were observed. The laboratory examinations have demonstrated hyper calcemia (13mg/dl), hypo phosphatemia (1,3mg/dl) with alkaline phosphatase (1086UI/I) e PTH (1050ng/ml). X-ray of the cranium cap, hip and coxofemoral articulations, knees and ankle was realized and observed disseminated lithic lesions. The bone scintilography with Technetium-99m MDP revealed hypo and hyper uptaked regions in several segments of the appendicular axial skeleton. Because of primary hyperparathyroidism suspicion, parathyroid scintilography with Technetium-99m MIBI in two phases was realized. 30 min after the injection of the radiopharmaceutical whole body images were realized which demonstrated hyper absorption in the areas previously hypo to the bone scintilography. 3 hours after injection the uptake was maintained in projection of the left inferior parathyroid, with posterior adenoma resection. The patient presented a significant reduction of the bone pain and normalization of the serum calcium levels. Nuclear medicine had an important role in the investigation of parathyroid diseases and showed to be useful in the evaluation of the disseminated bone compromising, which can come along with this pathology, avoiding the realization of repeated radiological studies

  7. Basal ganglia lesions in children and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekiesinska-Figatowska, Monika; Mierzewska, Hanna; Jurkiewicz, El?bieta

    2013-05-01

    The term "basal ganglia" refers to caudate and lentiform nuclei, the latter composed of putamen and globus pallidus, substantia nigra and subthalamic nuclei and these deep gray matter structures belong to the extrapyramidal system. Many diseases may present as basal ganglia abnormalities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) - to a lesser degree - allow for detection of basal ganglia injury. In many cases, MRI alone does not usually allow to establish diagnosis but together with the knowledge of age and circumstances of onset and clinical course of the disease is a powerful tool of differential diagnosis. The lesions may be unilateral: in Rassmussen encephalitis, diabetes with hemichorea/hemiballism and infarction or - more frequently - bilateral in many pathologic conditions. Restricted diffusion is attributable to infarction, acute hypoxic-ischemic injury, hypoglycemia, Leigh disease, encephalitis and CJD. Contrast enhancement may be seen in cases of infarction and encephalitis. T1-hyperintensity of the lesions is uncommon and may be observed unilaterally in case of hemichorea/hemiballism and bilaterally in acute asphyxia in term newborns, in hypoglycemia, NF1, Fahr disease and manganese intoxication. Decreased signal intensity on GRE/T2*-weighted images and/or SWI indicating iron, calcium or hemosiderin depositions is observed in panthotenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy, Fahr disease (and other calcifications) as well as with the advancing age. There are a few papers in the literature reviewing basal ganglia lesions. The authors present a more detailed review with rich iconography from the own archive. PMID:23313708

  8. MR imaging of diaphragm and paradiaphragmatic lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To show the feasibility of MR imaging of diaphragm, examined were visibility of normal diaphragm and clinical utility of 20 patients with varying paradiaphragmatic and/or diaphragmatic lesions. Sagittal MR images were obtained with T1-weighted fast spin echo imaging sequence under breath hold and ECG gating in the left side. Respiratory cine imaging were made from MR imaging in four different respiratory phases. Breath-hold MR imaging and respiratory cine imaging are feasible for the analysis of diaphragmatic and paradiaphragmatic diseases. (author)

  9. Cholestatic jaundice by malignant lesions: pictorial essay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant obstructive jaundice is most commonly caused by cancer of pancreatic head, papilla tumor, cholangiocarcinoma and biliary obstruction induced by secondary lesions of the liver or lymph nodes. Patients usually present with weight loss, abdominal pain, jaundice and progressive increase of direct bilirubin, being essential the evaluation by imaging methods for the proper diagnosis, staging and therapeutic planning. This essay illustrates the imaging aspects of ultrasound and computed tomography - and in specific situations magnetic resonance cholangiography - of the major malignancies that lead to cholestatic jaundice. (author)

  10. Percutaneous production of renal artery lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Percutaneous, intraarterial traumatization of both renal arteries in 4 pigs using the stiff end of a guide-wire resulted in intimal lesions in 7 arteries. At repeat angiography healing was demonstrated in 4 of these arteries, suggesting that spontaneous restitution may be more common than usually believed. Balloon catheter dilation of 2 stenotic segments initially increased the diameter of the stenoses but at repeat angioraphy both arteries were found to be occluded. Over-distension of the balloon in the renal artery resulted in pseudoaneurysm in one case and rupture in the other. (Auth.)

  11. Color lesion boundary detection using live wire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chodorowski, Artur; Mattsson, Ulf; Langille, Morgan; Hamarneh, Ghassan

    2005-04-01

    The boundaries of oral lesions in color images were detected using a live-wire method and compared to expert delineations. Multiple cost terms were analyzed for their inclusion in the final total cost function including color gradient magnitude, color gradient direction, Canny edge detection, and Laplacian zero crossing. The gradient magnitude and direction cost terms were implemented so that they acted directly on the three components of the color image, instead of using a single derived color band. The live-wire program was shown to be considerably more accurate and faster compared to manual segmentations by untrained users.

  12. Benign mandibular and maxillary lesions in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CT criteria for classifying fibrous mandibular and maxillary lesions in adults as benign or malignant are well recognized: irregular soft-tissue margins and bone destruction. This paper reviews the charts of 10 pediatric patients in order to evaluate these criteria in children. The authors evaluated these masses by CT and/or MR imaging based solely on well-recognized and published criteria. Ten patients from three institutions were studied by CT and/or MR imaging. They ranged in age from 4 mo to 18 y. The histologic diagnoses were ameloblastoma (n = 3), hemangioma (n = 2), lymphangioma, desmoplastic fibroma, hemangiopericytoma, neurofibroma, and juvenile angiofibroma

  13. Chemical and Radiation-Associated Jaw Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omolehinwa, Temitope T; Akintoye, Sunday O

    2016-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a major public health concern throughout the world. Use of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer and bone antiresorptives and antiangiogenic agents have increased its incidence. Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is more common relative to other types of osteonecrosis. Osteoradionecrosis occurs despite better treatment planning and shielding to minimize collateral damage to bone. Other related necrotic lesions are secondary to usage of recreational drugs and steroids. This article provides comprehensive information about these different types of bone necrosis; provides the readers with radiographic diagnostic criteria and updates on current theories on pathophysiology of osteonecrosis. PMID:26614957

  14. Standardization of lesions of external bone ligaments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the time from March 1978 until September 1978, 100 patients having a lesion of the capsular ligament at the upper ankle joint immediately after an accident were examined. The manual X-ray diagnosis was compared with a diagnosis using a newly-created holding apparatus. This way of diagnosing was carried out at the same time on the same patient; this gave an optimal possibility of comparing the two ways of examination. Generally seen, apparative X-ray diagnosis achieved higher values thus giving the possibility of more exact classification as to the diagnosis and therapy. (orig./MG)

  15. Monte Carlo modeling of pigmented lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gareau, Daniel; Jacques, Steven; Krueger, James

    2014-03-01

    Colors observed in clinical dermoscopy are critical to diagnosis but the mechanisms that lead to the spectral components of diffuse reflectance are more than meets the eye: combinations of the absorption and scattering spectra of the biomolecules as well as the "structural color" effect of skin anatomy. We modeled diffuse remittance from skin based on histopathology. The optical properties of the tissue types were based on the relevant chromophores and scatterers. The resulting spectral images mimic the appearance of pigmented lesions quite well when the morphology is mathematically derived but limited when based on histopathology, raising interesting questions about the interaction between various wavelengths with various pathological anatomical features.

  16. MR imaging of aggressive childhood bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report their use of MR imaging in 13 children to study bone lesions that had appeared aggressive on radiographs. Correlation with CT in nine patients and with pathologic specimens in all 13 patients showed MR imaging was accurate in estimating cortical and medullary involvement. MR imaging showed soft- tissue involvement better than CT, and it was helpful in identifying and characterizing the tumors. MR imaging provided information equal to or better than CT in eight cases and was complementary to CT in one case

  17. Peripheral retinal angiomalike lesion and macular pucker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laatikainen, L; Immonen, I; Summanen, P

    1989-11-15

    We interpreted clinical data on five eyes with preretinal macular fibrosis (macular pucker) in association with a solitary angiomalike lesion in the peripheral retina. One angioma was associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease, and the others were regarded as acquired sporadic angiomas occurring in otherwise healthy persons. Regression of the vascular mass occurred as a result of transscleral cryopexy in four eyes and by argon laser in one eye. After treatment, the macular pucker was stabilized, but regression of the preretinal membrane did not occur. The visual acuity improved after cryotherapy in one eye, and in two eyes visual improvement occurred after vitrectomy and membrane removal. PMID:2817054

  18. Heterogeneity of mammary lesions represent molecular differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borowsky Alexander D

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Human breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, histopathologically, molecularly and phenotypically. The molecular basis of this heterogeneity is not well understood. We have used a mouse model of DCIS that consists of unique lines of mammary intraepithelial neoplasia (MIN outgrowths, the premalignant lesion in the mouse that progress to invasive carcinoma, to understand the molecular changes that are characteristic to certain phenotypes. Each MIN-O line has distinguishable morphologies, metastatic potentials and estrogen dependencies. Methods We utilized oligonucleotide expression arrays and high resolution array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH to investigate whole genome expression patterns and whole genome aberrations in both the MIN-O and tumor from four different MIN-O lines that each have different phenotypes. From the whole genome analysis at 35 kb resolution, we found that chromosome 1, 2, 10, and 11 were frequently associated with whole chromosome gains in the MIN-Os. In particular, two MIN-O lines had the majority of the chromosome gains. Although we did not find any whole chromosome loss, we identified 3 recurring chromosome losses (2F1-2, 3E4, 17E2 and two chromosome copy number gains on chromosome 11. These interstitial deletions and duplications were verified with a custom made array designed to interrogate the specific regions at approximately 550 bp resolution. Results We demonstrated that expression and genomic changes are present in the early premalignant lesions and that these molecular profiles can be correlated to phenotype (metastasis and estrogen responsiveness. We also identified expression changes associated with genomic instability. Progression to invasive carcinoma was associated with few additional changes in gene expression and genomic organization. Therefore, in the MIN-O mice, early premalignant lesions have the major molecular and genetic changes required and these changes have important phenotypic significance. In contrast, the changes that occur in the transition to invasive carcinoma are subtle, with few consistent changes and no association with phenotype. Conclusion We propose that the early lesions carry the important genetic changes that reflect the major phenotypic information, while additional genetic changes that accumulate in the invasive carcinoma are less associated with the overall phenotype.

  19. Uncommon breast lesions. Radiologic and pathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To illustrate the radiologic findings in several uncommon breast and infrequent diseases that present with unusual mammographic images. We reviewed the mammograms performed in our department between 1998 and 1995, selecting 16 patients (12 women and 4 men). Nine patients had benign breast lesions (adenomyoepithelioma, epidermal cyst, adenoid cystic carcinoma, myofibroblastoma, multiple hamartomas, intra cystic papillomas, lipoma, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis and fat necrosis) and 7 patients presented malignant breast diseases (malignant fibrous histiocytoma, intra cystic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of the breast, liposarcoma and metastasis). We present a review of the radiologic and pathologic findings in several uncommon breast diseases. (Author) 14 refs

  20. Neural network approach to radiologic lesion detection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An area of artificial intelligence that has gained recent attention is the neural network approach to pattern recognition. The authors explore the use of neural networks in radiologic lesion detection with what is known in the literature as the novelty filter. This filter uses a linear model; images of normal patterns become training vectors and are stored as columns of a matrix. An image of an abnormal pattern is introduced and the abnormality or novelty is extracted. A VAX 750 was used to encode the novelty filter, and two experiments have been examined