WorldWideScience
1

Sclerotic fibroma-like change in various neoplastic and inflammatory skin lesions: is sclerotic fibroma a distinct entity?  

Science.gov (United States)

Sclerotic fibroma was first described in association with Cowden's disease by Weary et al. in 1972. In 1989, Rapini and Golitz detailed 11 cases of solitary sclerotic fibroma (SFS) in the absence of Cowden's disease, suggesting the term SFS of the skin. Classic histological features include hypocellular, hyalinized bands of collagen sharply demarcated from the surrounding skin. Numerous authors have described sclerotic fibroma-like changes in other entities including melanocytic nevi, dermatofibromas, lipomas, tendon sheath fibromas, giant cell collagenomas, neurofibromas, angiofibromas, erythema elevatum diutinum, and folliculitis. Dissension has arisen, with some dermatopathologists asserting that sclerotic fibroma is just an evolutionary end-point of a previous lesion. Others contend that SFS is a distinct lesion and cite recurrent cases and/or proliferation marker studies to corroborate this view. We detail the histopathological findings of lesions consistent with the classic description of SFS and compare these to sclerotic changes observed in an intradermal nevus, blue nevus, erythema elevatum diutinum, neurofollicular hamartoma, angiofibroma, neurofibroma, accessory nipple, and dermatofibromas. Sclerotic fibroma-like change may be seen in a variety of lesions and may represent a common reaction pattern in the skin. PMID:15059222

High, Whitney A; Stewart, David; Essary, Lydia R; Kageyama, Nicole P; Hoang, Mai P; Cockerell, Clay J

2004-05-01

2

A radiographic study on experimental bony lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author studied the effect of periapical bone loss on radiographic interpretation by using a dry adult human mandible. Artificial bone lesions were created at the apices of two mandibular second molars and four mandibular bicuspids. The jaw was stabilized and various artificial lesions were radiographed under ideal circumstances. Radiographic pictures were recorded and compared with the size of the actual lesions. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The size of actual lesions were always larger than their radiographic pictures. 2. The size of actual lesion had a greater discrepancy in the molar area where the cortical plates were thick, but the lesions in the bicuspid areas were slightly larger than their radiographic pictures, and in these areas the cortical plates were quite thin. 3. Periapical lesions located in cancellous bone did not appear on a radiograph, regardless of the size of created lesion, but when the junctional bone was involved or the cortical plate was perforated, the define bone destructive change was observes on the roentgenogram. 4. Removal of the entire buccal or lingual plate did not affect the trabecular pattern of bone on the roentgenogram. 5. When the cancellous bone and junctional bone were removed simultaneously, altered trabecular patterns were observes on the roentgenogram.

3

Parietal Epithelial Cells Participate in the Formation of Sclerotic Lesions in Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis  

OpenAIRE

The pathogenesis of the development of sclerotic lesions in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) remains unknown. Here, we selectively tagged podocytes or parietal epithelial cells (PECs) to determine whether PECs contribute to sclerosis. In three distinct models of FSGS (5/6-nephrectomy + DOCA-salt; the murine transgenic chronic Thy1.1 model; or the MWF rat) and in human biopsies, the primary injury to induce FSGS associated with focal activation of PECs and the formation of cellular ad...

Smeets, Bart; Kuppe, Christoph; Sicking, Eva-maria; Fuss, Astrid; Jirak, Peggy; Kuppevelt, Toin H.; Endlich, Karlhans; Wetzels, Jack F. M.; Gro?ne, Hermann-josef; Floege, Ju?rgen; Moeller, Marcus J.

2011-01-01

4

Condensing osteitis of the clavicle in childhood: A rare sclerotic bone lesion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Seven children and adolescents with sclerotic and periosteal alterations of the clavicle are reported, two of them in detail. Malignancies and bacterial inflammatory processes, which were first suspected, could be excluded. Clinical and radiographic features as well as differential diagnosis are discussed, as is the pertinent literature. The etiology of this uncommon bone lesion, which is described under different names, could not be clarified. (orig.)

5

Vertebral body enhancement mimicking sclerotic osseous lesions in the setting of bilateral brachiocephalic vein thrombosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contrast enhancement of the vertebral body marrow may be seen secondary to collateral venous blood flow via the vertebral venous plexus in the setting of superior vena cava obstruction. We report a 48-year-old woman presenting with bilateral brachiocephalic vein obstruction and multilevel thoracic spine hyperdensities as seen on venous-phase CT angiography (CTA), initially concerning for sclerotic neoplastic lesions. A contrast-enhanced CT of the neck obtained 1 day prior to the chest CTA did not demonstrate any osseous abnormality, and inspection of the chest CTA demonstrated filling of perivertebral venous collateral vessels. The abnormal vertebral body enhancement was therefore feltsecondary to retrograde collateral venous flow via the basivertebral venous plexus in the setting of functional SVC obstruction. Vertebral body enhancement should be considered in patients with thoracic central venous obstruction when enhancement or apparent sclerosis of the vertebral bodies is seen on CTA. PMID:25425344

Berritto, Daniela; Abboud, Salim; Kosmas, Christos; Riherd, Daniel; Robbin, Mark

2015-02-01

6

A solitary lesion of talus with mixed sclerotic and lytic changes: Rosai-Dorfman disease of 25 years' duration  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Rosai-Dorfman disease (sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy) is an unusual form of histiocytic disorder predominantly affecting children and young adults. Bone lesions are infrequent. We describe a 63-year-old woman with a solitary lesion of the talus which was misdiagnosed for 25 years. The patient never had adenopathy or other organ involvement. The radiographic findings were a mixture of sclerotic and lytic changes, an extremely rare and unusual presentation of the disease. (orig.)

7

Injury of anterior cruciate ligament with associated bony lesions: MR image  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the characteristic MR findings in injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with associated bony lesions. We reviewed MR findings and the corresponding arthroscopic or operative results of 48 patients with ACL injuries, and evaluated ACL signal intensity and contour. In associated bony lesions, we determined the location of avulsion fracture and bony bruise. Complete ACL tears were seen in 27 cases, partial tears in 13, and avulsion injury in eight. Complete tears showed heterogeneously increased signal intensity with contour bulging in ten cases (37%), and combined bony lesion in 14 (52%). ACL with a thin continous low signal intensity band surrounding heterogeneously-increased signal intensity suggested partial tears, and was seen in three of 13 proven cases (23%) of partial ACL tears;combined bony lesion was seen in four such cases(31%). There were eight cases of avulsion fracture;the most frequent site was the anterolateral portion of the tibial spine (n=6). The most frequent sites of bony lesion were at the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle (n=6), and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=6);the next most frequent site was the anterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=5). Tearing of the ACL was seen on MRI as ligament discontinuity, and heterogeneously increased signal intensity with ACL contour bulging. The most frequent sites of associated bony lesions were the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle, and the n of the lateral femoral condyle, and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau. In associated bony lesions, bony contusion suggested ACL tearing, but avulsion fracture suggested ligament avulsion injury without tear

8

Injury of anterior cruciate ligament with associated bony lesions: MR image  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the characteristic MR findings in injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with associated bony lesions. We reviewed MR findings and the corresponding arthroscopic or operative results of 48 patients with ACL injuries, and evaluated ACL signal intensity and contour. In associated bony lesions, we determined the location of avulsion fracture and bony bruise. Complete ACL tears were seen in 27 cases, partial tears in 13, and avulsion injury in eight. Complete tears showed heterogeneously increased signal intensity with contour bulging in ten cases (37%), and combined bony lesion in 14 (52%). ACL with a thin continous low signal intensity band surrounding heterogeneously-increased signal intensity suggested partial tears, and was seen in three of 13 proven cases (23%) of partial ACL tears;combined bony lesion was seen in four such cases(31%). There were eight cases of avulsion fracture;the most frequent site was the anterolateral portion of the tibial spine (n=6). The most frequent sites of bony lesion were at the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle (n=6), and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=6);the next most frequent site was the anterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=5). Tearing of the ACL was seen on MRI as ligament discontinuity, and heterogeneously increased signal intensity with ACL contour bulging. The most frequent sites of associated bony lesions were the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle, and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau. In associated bony lesions, bony contusion suggested ACL tearing, but avulsion fracture suggested ligament avulsion injury without tear.

Kim, Soon; Oh, Yeon Hee; Lee, Chang Wook [Dongguk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Min [Chungbuk Univ. College of Medicine, Chongju (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hyeon Kyeong; Kim, Seung Hyeon; Lee, Sung Woo [Dongguk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-05-01

9

Arthroscopic Transtendinous Modified Double-Row Suture Bridge Repair of a Bony PASTA Lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surgical and conservative management of partial tears of the rotator cuff has long been a controversial topic for many generations of shoulder surgeons. These tears frequently occur on both the articular and bursal surfaces and within the intrasubstance of the rotator cuff. The term "PASTA lesion" describes the partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion-type injury. A less common variant of this injury is the bony PASTA lesion or partial articular bony avulsion of the supraspinatus tendon (PABAST). PMID:25264507

Johnson, Jeffrey S; Caldwell, Paul E; Pearson, Sara E

2014-08-01

10

Arthroscopic Transtendinous Modified Double-Row Suture Bridge Repair of a Bony PASTA Lesion  

OpenAIRE

Surgical and conservative management of partial tears of the rotator cuff has long been a controversial topic for many generations of shoulder surgeons. These tears frequently occur on both the articular and bursal surfaces and within the intrasubstance of the rotator cuff. The term “PASTA lesion” describes the partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion–type injury. A less common variant of this injury is the bony PASTA lesion or partial articular bony avulsion of the supraspinatus...

Johnson, Jeffrey S.; Caldwell, Paul E.; Pearson, Sara E.

2014-01-01

11

The “Double-Pulley” Technique for Arthroscopic Fixation of Partial Articular-Side Bony Avulsion of the Supraspinatus Tendon: A Rare Case of Bony PASTA Lesion  

OpenAIRE

We report the use of the double-pulley technique for arthroscopic fixation of the bony PASTA (partial articular surface tendon avulsion) lesion. Arthroscopic examination documented a 15-mm-long and 8-mm-wide comminuted bony avulsion with 2 main fragments. Two double-loaded suture anchors were placed with a transtendinous technique at the anterior and posterior edges of the lesion respecting the tendon insertion to the avulsed fragment. The medial sutures were retrieved through the intact supr...

Murena, Luigi; Canton, Gianluca; Falvo, Daniele A.; Genovese, Eugenio A.; Surace, Michele F.; Cherubino, Paolo

2012-01-01

12

Bony change of apical lesion healing process using fractal analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To investigate the change of bone healing process after endodontic treatment of the tooth with an apical lesion by fractal analysis. Radiographic images of 35 teeth from 33 patients taken on first diagnosis, 6 months, and 1 year after endodontic treatment were selected. Radiographic images were taken by JUPITER computerized Dental X-ray System. Fractal dimensions were calculated three times at each area by Scion Image PC program. Rectangular region of interest (30 x 30) were selected at apical lesion and normal apex of each image. The fractal dimension at apical lesion of first diagnosis (L0) is 0.940 ± 0.361 and that of normal area (N0) is 1.186 ± 0.727 (p1) is 1.076 ± 0.069 and that of normal area (N1) is 1.192 ± 0.055 (p2) is 1.163 ± 0.074 and that of normal area (N2) is 1.225 ± 0.079 (p<0.05). After endodontic treatment, the fractal dimensions at each apical lesions depending on time showed statistically significant difference. And there are statistically significant different between normal area and apical lesion on first diagnosis, 6 months after, 1 year after. But the differences were grow smaller as time flows. The evaluation of the prognosis after the endodontic treatment of the apical lesion was estimated by bone regeneratioon was estimated by bone regeneration in apical region. Fractal analysis was attempted to overcome the limit of subjective reading, and as a result the change of the bone during the healing process was able to be detected objectively and quantitatively.

13

Multiple Extramedullary Plasmacytoma with Lytic Bony Lesions: A Rare Case Report  

OpenAIRE

Objective. Multiple extramedullary plasmacytoma lesions involving subcutaneous tissue, breast, mediastinal tissue, spleen, and soft tissue of pelvic region along with multiple bones plasmacytomas without marrow plasmacytosis are a very rare presentation. Design. Case report. Result. A 54-year-old female was found to have multiple small bony lytic lesions, multiple extramedullary soft tissue plasmacytomas, serum M protein >3?g/dL, and elevated ESR. Bone marrow aspirate did not reveal any evi...

Akhlak Hussain; Mohinder Singh; Kuldip Singh; Harjot Bagga

2013-01-01

14

A solitary lesion of talus with mixed sclerotic and lytic changes: Rosai-Dorfman disease of 25 years' duration  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Rosai-Dorfman disease (sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy) is an unusual form of histiocytic disorder predominantly affecting children and young adults. Bone lesions are infrequent. We describe a 63-year-old woman with a solitary lesion of the talus which was misdiagnosed for 25 years. The patient never had adenopathy or other organ involvement. The radiographic findings were a mixture of sclerotic and lytic changes, an extremely rare and unusual presentation of the disease. (orig.)

Abdelwahab, Ibrahim Fikry [Department of Radiology, New York Methodist Hospital Affiliated with Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 506 Sixth Street, NY 11215, Brooklyn (United States); Klein, Michael J. [Department of Pathology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, 1 Gustave Levy Place, NY 10029, New York (United States); Springfield, Dempsey S. [Department of Orthopedics, Mount Sinai Medical Center, 1 Gustave Levy Place, NY 10029, New York (United States); Hermann, George [Department of Radiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, 1 Gustave Levy Place, NY 10029, New York (United States)

2004-04-01

15

Multiple extramedullary plasmacytoma with lytic bony lesions: a rare case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. Multiple extramedullary plasmacytoma lesions involving subcutaneous tissue, breast, mediastinal tissue, spleen, and soft tissue of pelvic region along with multiple bones plasmacytomas without marrow plasmacytosis are a very rare presentation. Design. Case report. Result. A 54-year-old female was found to have multiple small bony lytic lesions, multiple extramedullary soft tissue plasmacytomas, serum M protein >3?g/dL, and elevated ESR. Bone marrow aspirate did not reveal any evidence of multiple myeloma/plasmacytosis. There was no anemia, hypercalcemia, or renal insufficiency. Conclusion. Extramedullary plasmacytoma can involve multiple organs at a time including bones and soft tissue without involving bone marrow. PMID:23476660

Hussain, Akhlak; Singh, Mohinder; Singh, Kuldip; Bagga, Harjot

2013-01-01

16

The "Double-Pulley" Technique for Arthroscopic Fixation of Partial Articular-Side Bony Avulsion of the Supraspinatus Tendon: A Rare Case of Bony PASTA Lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report the use of the double-pulley technique for arthroscopic fixation of the bony PASTA (partial articular surface tendon avulsion) lesion. Arthroscopic examination documented a 15-mm-long and 8-mm-wide comminuted bony avulsion with 2 main fragments. Two double-loaded suture anchors were placed with a transtendinous technique at the anterior and posterior edges of the lesion respecting the tendon insertion to the avulsed fragment. The medial sutures were retrieved through the intact supraspinatus tendon medially to the fracture. The sutures were initially coupled in a double-pulley configuration generating 2 sutures oriented from anterior to posterior; then a simple suture for each anchor oriented from medial to lateral was obtained. At the end of the procedure, the adequacy of reduction and stability of the fragments were confirmed. At 2 months from surgery, radiographic healing of the fracture was noted and integrity of the supraspinatus tendon insertion to the footprint was confirmed by arthro-magnetic resonance imaging, with full recovery of daily activities and complete active range of motion confirmed at 6 and 12 months. The double-pulley technique allows optimal reduction of bony fragments and reconstruction of normal footprint anatomy even in comminuted fractures. Moreover, it creates a waterproof reduction of the fragments, protecting the fracture site from synovial fluid. PMID:23767005

Murena, Luigi; Canton, Gianluca; Falvo, Daniele A; Genovese, Eugenio A; Surace, Michele F; Cherubino, Paolo

2013-02-01

17

The “Double-Pulley” Technique for Arthroscopic Fixation of Partial Articular-Side Bony Avulsion of the Supraspinatus Tendon: A Rare Case of Bony PASTA Lesion  

Science.gov (United States)

We report the use of the double-pulley technique for arthroscopic fixation of the bony PASTA (partial articular surface tendon avulsion) lesion. Arthroscopic examination documented a 15-mm-long and 8-mm-wide comminuted bony avulsion with 2 main fragments. Two double-loaded suture anchors were placed with a transtendinous technique at the anterior and posterior edges of the lesion respecting the tendon insertion to the avulsed fragment. The medial sutures were retrieved through the intact supraspinatus tendon medially to the fracture. The sutures were initially coupled in a double-pulley configuration generating 2 sutures oriented from anterior to posterior; then a simple suture for each anchor oriented from medial to lateral was obtained. At the end of the procedure, the adequacy of reduction and stability of the fragments were confirmed. At 2 months from surgery, radiographic healing of the fracture was noted and integrity of the supraspinatus tendon insertion to the footprint was confirmed by arthro–magnetic resonance imaging, with full recovery of daily activities and complete active range of motion confirmed at 6 and 12 months. The double-pulley technique allows optimal reduction of bony fragments and reconstruction of normal footprint anatomy even in comminuted fractures. Moreover, it creates a waterproof reduction of the fragments, protecting the fracture site from synovial fluid. PMID:23767005

Murena, Luigi; Canton, Gianluca; Falvo, Daniele A.; Genovese, Eugenio A.; Surace, Michele F.; Cherubino, Paolo

2012-01-01

18

Evaluation of Response to Therapy in a Patient with Lung Cancer: Correlation of Sclerotic Bone Lesions with F 18 FDG PET/CT and Bone Scintigraphy  

OpenAIRE

A 64-year-old male patient with small cell lung cancer underwent Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F 18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scan which revealed multiple F 18 FDG uptake in the spine, both humeri, ribs, pelvis and proximal long bones. There was no obvious lytic or sclerotic bone destruction accompanying these lesions on CT component of the study. After the patient received six courses of chemotherapy a repeat F 18 FDG-PET/CT was performed for evaluation of therapy response...

O?zu?lker, Tamer; O?zu?lker, Filiz; Ku?c?u?ko?z Uzun, Aysun; Tatog?lu, Tar?k; O?zpac?ac?, Tevfik

2011-01-01

19

The bony partial articular surface tendon avulsion lesion: an arthroscopic technique for fixation of the partially avulsed greater tuberosity fracture.  

Science.gov (United States)

The partial articular surface tendon avulsion (PASTA) is a common lesion that involves the supraspinatus tendon in most cases. We present an arthroscopic fixation technique for a previously undescribed lesion that may be considered a variant of the PASTA. The lesion involves a partial avulsion of the greater tuberosity with an intact deep insertion of the supraspinatus tendon into the fractured bone fragment and an intact superficial insertion of the supraspinatus into the unavulsed lateral aspect of the greater tuberosity: a "bony PASTA" lesion. The surgical technique involves the use of a 70 degree arthroscope to provide an "end-on" view of the pathology. A superior-medial transmuscular portal is used for anchor insertion and suture management; the portal avoids damage to the intact tendinous insertion of the supraspinatus, which can occur during transtendon anchor/screw insertion. Abduction of the arm to 50 degrees, after creation of the portal and passage of the cannula, permits an optimal "deadman" angle of anchor placement. An angled suture grasper is used to retrieve the 4 suture strands from the double-loaded suture anchor through the intact superficial and deep supraspinatus tendon fibers along the length of the fracture; these are tied as 2 mattress sutures over the tendon fibers in the subacromial space by use of sliding-locking knots. Adequacy of reduction is confirmed by intra-articular arthroscopic observation during movement of the extremity through its complete range of motion. PMID:17637417

Bhatia, Deepak N; de Beer, Joe F; van Rooyen, Karin S

2007-07-01

20

Innumerable Small Bony Nodular Sclerotic Lesions with Negative Findings on Both Bone Scintigraphy and F-18 FDG PET: Osteopoikilosis a Patient of Breast Cancer  

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Osteopoikilosis is a rare, benign hereditary disease, which presents multiple osteosclerotic, and small round nodules in the bone. It is usually detected incidentally by radiological examination. A radionuclide bone scintigraphy is essential in distinguishing osteopoikilosis from osteoblastic metastases, because scintigraphic findings are usually normal in patients with osteopoikilosis. However, there have been no reports about F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET findings in osteopoikilosis. Herein, we wish to report a case of osteopoikilosis with breast cancer, which could not be seen in either bone scintigraphy or F-18 FDG PET/CT.

Jun, Sung Min; Kim, Yong Ki; Kim, In Ju; Nam, Hyun Yeol; Kim, Bum Soo [Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2008-06-15

21

Multiple bony lesions other than femoral heads on 99mTc-MDP bone scan in patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the clinical significance of the multiple increased uptake lesions other than in femoral heads as seen on whole body bone scan in patients with avascular necrosis of femoral heads. One hundred and seventy three patients with clinical diagnosis of avascular necrosis of the emoral head underwent a bone scan using Tc-99m MDP. Increased uptake lesions other than in femoral heads were evaluated, including frequency and common sites of in volvement, and correlated with clinical information and plain radiographic findings. Two hundred patients without AVN, who had undergone a bone scan, were included as a control group. Increased uptake lesions in extrafemoral head locations were found in 36 of 173 patients(20.8%;the location of 79 lesions was other than the femoral head, This result is statistically different from patients without avascular necrosis of femoral head(p<0.0001). The most common site of involvement was the knee joint area(62.5%). Other lesions were located in the mid-shafts of the long bones of the lower extremities, calcaneus, proximal humerus, etc., in order of decreasing frequency. Plain radiographs of 17 lesions were nonspecific, except for three lesions showing definite changes associated with avascular necrosis. The risk factors included alcoholism, the prolonged use of steroids, renal transplantation, herbal medication and working as a working as deep-sea diver. Most patients did not complain of pain, except for two with irreversible osteonec except for two with irreversible osteonecrotic changes as seen on plain radiograph. in patients with avascular necrosis of the femur, increased uptake lesions other than in the femoral head as seen on bone scan, may represent the early stage of osteonecrosis, which shows a characteristic appearance on bone scan. In order to aveid possible misdiagnoses of multiple extrafemoral lesions as bony metastasis or traumatic lesions, in patients with avascular necrosis of the femur these should be carefully evaluated

22

Multifocal sclerotic BCG spondylitis in a 13-year-old girl  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case is reported of multifocal BCG osteomyelitis in a 13-year-old girl. The lesions in the skull, ribs and in several vertebrae were mainly sclerotic and healed with antituberculotic therapy. The case is unusual because of the late onset, sclerotic changes, and involvement of the spine. (orig.)

23

Sclerotic variant of lymphangiomatosis of bone: imaging findings at diagnosis and long-term follow-up  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lymphangiomatosis is an extremely rare congenital disorder affecting visceral organs and/or the skeletal system. In bone is is usually characterized by multiple lytic lesions with a lacelike pattern and sclerotic margins of various thickness. In this case report we demonstrate the rare sclerotic variant of lymphangiomatosis. We report the development of predominantly sclerotic lesions at different sites by serial radiographs with a long-term follow-up, and show the MRI findings of lymphangiomatosis of the spine. (orig.)

24

Computer tomographic control of conventional radiological findings due to space-occupying lesions of the bony pelvis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The CT and conventional radiological findings in 30 patients with spaceoccupying lesions of the pelvic bones were compared. 73% of the tumours diagnosed by CT were shown by conventional means and in 71% their extent was correctly estimated. Lesions at the ilio-sacral junction are not demonstrated as well by conventional methods as those near the hip joint. The lesions most frequently missed by conventional radiography lie in the dorsal part of the ilium and in the lateral mass of the sacrum. (orig.)

25

Sclerotic variant of lymphangiomatosis of bone: imaging findings at diagnosis and long-term follow-up  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lymphangiomatosis is an extremely rare congenital disorder affecting visceral organs and/or the skeletal system. In bone is is usually characterized by multiple lytic lesions with a lacelike pattern and sclerotic margins of various thickness. In this case report we demonstrate the rare sclerotic variant of lymphangiomatosis. We report the development of predominantly sclerotic lesions at different sites by serial radiographs with a long-term follow-up, and show the MRI findings of lymphangiomatosis of the spine. (orig.) With 4 figs., 12 refs.

Forstner, R. [Department of Radiology, Salzburg (Austria); Datz, C. [Department of Medicine, Landeskrankenanstalten Salzburg (Austria); Dietze, O. [Department of Pathology, Landeskrankenanstalten Salzburg (Austria); Rettenbacher, L. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Landeskrankenanstalten Salzburg (Austria)

1998-08-01

26

Sclerotic multiple myeloma with an unusual sunburst periosteal reaction occurring in the sternum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Multiple myeloma is a disseminated neoplastic monoclonal gammopathy that usually affects the skull, clavicle, rib, pelvis, spinal column, and proximal portions of the humerus and femur. The initial manifestation of multiple myeloma in the sternum is rare. The classic radiological presentations of multiple myeloma are multiple "punched-out" areas of bone destruction, expansile lytic lesions, and generalized osteoporosis. Primary sclerotic presentation is rare and occurs in only 3 % of cases. A sclerotic multiple myeloma with a sunburst periosteal reaction occurring in the sternum has not been reported in the English literature. We report a case of sclerotic multiple myeloma of a 49-year-old woman. In the sternum, the lesion displayed extensive sclerosis mixed with mottled lytic areas with a sunburst periosteal reaction occurring in the periphery, which radiologically mimicked an osteosarcoma. Multiple focal areas of sclerosis were also found in the right clavicle, pelvis, multiple ribs, and vertebrae. PMID:25351419

Li, Yuqing; Wu, Wenjuan; Zhang, Zekun; Ding, Yang; Latif, Mahrukh

2014-10-29

27

ORV Arthroscopic Transosseous Bony Bankart Repair  

OpenAIRE

The arthroscopic treatment of the “bony Bankart lesion” continues to evolve. We present a novel technique that we developed at Orthopaedic Research of Virginia, the “transosseous bony Bankart repair,” which incorporates several essential concepts to provide for optimal healing and rehabilitation. We promote arthroscopic repair emphasizing bone preservation, a fracture interface without interposing sutures, the ability to reduce capsular volume, and multiple points of stable glenolabra...

Myer, Daniel M.; Caldwell, Paul E.

2012-01-01

28

CUTANEOUS MYXOID CYST ON THE SCLEROTIC FINGER IN A PATIENT WITH DIFFUSE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS  

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Full Text Available Skin tumors occurring on the scleroderma fingers are rarely seen. Swollen fingers are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis, and mucin deposition in the lesional skin is a constant feature in systemic sclerosis. Here we describe a case of cutaneous myxoid cyst on the flexor aspect of the sclerotic fingers in a patient with severe diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Cutaneous myxoid cyst is a relatively common benign tumor; however, cases of cutaneous myxoid cysts developing on the scleroderma fingers have not been reported to date. Mucin deposition in the sclerotic skin may be a predisposing factor in the induction of myxoid cyst on the scleroderma finger in our patient.

Taeko Nakamura-Wakatsuki

2013-10-01

29

Bony sequestrum: A radiologic review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

According to a pathological definition, a bony sequestrum is defined as a piece of devitalized bone that has been separated from the surrounding bone during the process of necrosis. However, the radiological definition of a sequestrum is different and refers to an image of calcification visible within a lucent lesion, completely separated from the surrounding bone, without referring to the vascular status and histological nature of the calcified tissue. The term ''button sequestrum'' has been used in calvarial lesions. The prototype conditions that may present with a bony sequestrum are osteomyelitis and skeletal tuberculosis. Other conditions such as radiation necrosis, eosinophilic granuloma, metastatic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of bone, aggressive fibrous tumors may also manifest as osteolytic lesions containing a sequestrum. In addition, some primary bone tumors produce a matrix that may mineralize and sometimes simulate a bone sequestrum. These include osteoid tumors (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma), cartilaginous tumors (chondroma and chondroblastoma), lipomatous tumors (lipoma), and benign fibrous tumors (fibromyxoma, myxoma, and desmoplastic fibroma). Therefore, various conditions may present at imaging as a small area of osteolysis containing central calcifications. However, a careful analysis of the sequestrum as well as the associated clinical and radiological findings often enables to point toward a limited number of conditions. (orig.)

Jennin, Felicie; Bousson, Valerie; Parlier, Caroline; Jomaah, Nabil; Khanine, Vanessa; Laredo, Jean-Denis [Lariboisiere Hospital, Department of Radiology, Paris (France)

2011-08-15

30

Primary bony Hodgkin’s lymphoma  

OpenAIRE

Hodgkin’s lymphoma most commonly presents with progressive painless enlargement of peripheral lymph nodes, especially around the cervical region. At the time of diagnosis osseous involvement is uncommon and even in the late stages only 9–35% of cases have any bony involvement. Rarely Hodgkin’s lymphoma presents as an osseous lesion without involvement of lymph nodes, therefore the histological diagnosis of osseous Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be problematic. Here, the authors present a rare...

Binesh, Fariba; Mirjalili, Mohammad Reza; Akhavan, Ali; Navabii, Hossein

2012-01-01

31

Influence of etching ability of one-step self-etch adhesives on bonding to sound and non-carious cervical sclerotic dentin.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate influence of etching ability of one-step self-etch adhesives on bonding to non-carious cervical sclerotic lesion. Forty-eight human maxillary premolars with and without natural non-carious cervical sclerotic lesions at buccal surfaces were used in this study. Artificial wedge-shaped lesions were prepared in sound premolars. All lesions were bonded with Bond Force (BF; pH=2.3) or G-Bond Plus (GBA; pH=1.5) according to the manufacturers' instructions. After water storage for 24 hours at 37°C, bonded specimens were subjected to microtensile bond test to measure bond strength to the gingival wall in each lesion. The µTBS of BF to the natural lesion was significantly lower than that of artificial lesion (p0.05). There was no difference in µTBS to artificial lesion between these two adhesives, however in case of non-carious cervical sclerotic lesion, the µTBS of GBA was statistically higher than that of BF. PMID:22123021

Tsai, Yi-Ling; Nakajima, Masatoshi; Wang, Chen-Ying; Foxton, Richard M; Lin, Chun-Pin; Tagami, Junji

2011-11-25

32

T-tube insertion for sclerotic subglottic stenosis.  

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T-tube insertion is effective treatment for subglottic stenosis, but it is generally difficult due to bending of the T-tube. In a 52-year-old woman with relapsing polychondritis, a T-tube was inserted after predilatation using Hegar dilators. We describe the details of our T-tube insertion methods for sclerotic subglottic stenosis. PMID:24585799

Goto, Taichiro; Kato, Ryoichi

2014-02-01

33

Selected case from the Arkadi M. Rywlin International Pathology Slide Seminar: sclerotic (fibroma-like) lipoma, dorsum of right hand.  

Science.gov (United States)

Approximately 26 sclerotic lipomas have been reported since Zelger and colleagues' 1997 report of 5 cases involving the scalp and hands. In 2006, Laskin and colleagues published 21 sclerotic lipomas in a study restricted to tumors of the hands and feet. Patients' ages ranged from 7 to 72 years (mean and median 39 y); there were 12 males and 9 females; the masses, which were mostly asymptomatic and solitary, ranged from 0.6 to 2.2 cm (median 1.2 cm, mean 1.3 cm) and involved fingers (N=17), hands or wrists (N=3), and toes (N=1). Microscopically, lesions were well circumscribed, of low cellularity, and consisted of cytologically bland spindle and stellate-shaped cells with a minor component of randomly dispersed adipocytes embedded in a collagenous to myxocollagenous stroma. Eight tumors were fibroma-like with dense fibrosclerotic stroma and inconspicuous blood vessels. One tumor exhibited features of spindle cell/pleomorphic lipoma, whereas another displayed a vague onion skin-like arrangement of collagen reminiscent of a sclerotic (storiform) fibroma. The mitotic activity was negligible. Nonlipogenic cells were immunoreactive for CD99 (6/6) CD34 (6/8), S100 (4/7), and smooth muscle actin (2/6). Follow-up on 8 patients (range, 1 to 20 y, median 9.5 y) revealed no recurrence in 6 and possible persistent tumor in 2 after simple excision. The slide circulated to club members was from a 35-mm tumor on the dorsum of the right hand of a male aged 75. Club members generally agreed with a diagnosis of sclerotic lipoma but opinions differed as to whether it is a specific entity or a variant of spindle cell lipoma or dendritic fibromyxolipoma. PMID:23232574

Allen, Philip W

2013-01-01

34

Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis  

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Full Text Available Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Quinck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones.A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, diagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

V Silva

2007-01-01

35

Dorsal bony septum: a split cord malformation variant.  

Science.gov (United States)

Split cord malformations (SCMs) are rare spinal anomalies and their classification is still a matter of debate. There is no widespread consensus on the embryological basis of this entity. The unified theory, proposed by Pang et al. [Neurosurgery 1992;31:451-480], was an attempt to explain the embryogenetic mechanism as a basic error occurring around the time when the primitive neuroenteric canal closes. We report two unusual cases of SCMs with a dorsally situated bony spur. We analyzed the radiological, clinical and surgical features of the lesions and were not able to classify these cases according to the unified theory. Further embryological studies should be conducted to elucidate the mechanisms of occurrence of these lesions, and the dorsal bony septum variant should be considered in SCM surgery. PMID:12053039

Akay, Kamil Melih; Izci, Yusuf; Baysefer, Alper

2002-05-01

36

Bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective. Bony ankylosis has been described following trauma, paralysis, psoriasis, Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile chronic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Reports of bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury are limited.Design and patients. Thirteen cases of burn-related joint ankylosis in four patients are presented.Conclusion. Patients with burns from thermal or electrical injury may develop bony ankylosis among other radiographic manifestations. This bony ankylosis may result either from bridging extra-articular heterotopic ossification with preservation of the underlying joint or from intra-articular fusion due to joint destruction. (orig.)

37

Dopamine-Mediated Sclerotization of Regenerated Chitin in Ionic Liquid  

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Full Text Available Chitin is a promising structural material for biomedical applications, due to its many advantageous properties and abundance in nature. However, its usage and development in the biomedical field have been stagnant, because of chitin’s poor mechanical properties in wet conditions and the difficulties in transforming it into an applicable form. To overcome these challenges, we created a novel biomimetic chitin composite. This regenerated chitin, prepared with ionic liquid, showed improved mechanical properties in wet conditions by mimicking insect cuticle and squid beak sclerotization, i.e., catechol-meditated cross-linking. By ionic liquid-based heat treatment, dopamine oxidation produced melanin-like compounds and dopamine-meditated cross-links without any solvent evaporation and oxidant utilization. The dopamine-meditated sclerotization increased the ultimate tensile strength (UTS of the regenerated chitin by 2.52-fold, measured after six weeks of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS submersion. In addition, the linear swelling ratio (LSR of the chitin film was reduced by about 22%. This strategy raises a possibility of using regenerated chitin as an artificial hard tissue in wet conditions.

Dongyeop X. Oh

2013-09-01

38

Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electron microscopy in order to estimate the amount (in percentage of solid dentin on the sclerotic dentin surface. The data were compared by Student's t test (? = 0.05. The micromorphological and microhardness data were compared by Pearson's linear correlation test (? = 0.05. The mean percentages of solid dentin of human and bovine sclerotic dentin were similar (human 90.71 ± 0.83 and bovine 89.08 ± 0.81, p = 0.18. The mean microhardness value (VHN of human sclerotic dentin was significantly higher than that of bovine sclerotic dentin (human 45.26 ± 2.92 and bovine 29.93 ± 3.83, p = 0.006. No correlation was found between the microhardness values and the amount of solid dentin in the sclerotic dentin, irrespective of the species considered (human R² = 0.0240, p = 0.714; bovine R² = 0.0017, p = 0.923; and combined R² = 0.038, p = 0.46. We concluded that although both bovine and human sclerotic dentin present a similar amount of solid tissue, human sclerotic dentin presents higher microhardness than bovine sclerotic dentin.

Gisela Muassab Castanho

2011-06-01

39

Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine) exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics [...] typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electron microscopy in order to estimate the amount (in percentage) of solid dentin on the sclerotic dentin surface. The data were compared by Student's t test (? = 0.05). The micromorphological and microhardness data were compared by Pearson's linear correlation test (? = 0.05). The mean percentages of solid dentin of human and bovine sclerotic dentin were similar (human 90.71 ± 0.83 and bovine 89.08 ± 0.81, p = 0.18). The mean microhardness value (VHN) of human sclerotic dentin was significantly higher than that of bovine sclerotic dentin (human 45.26 ± 2.92 and bovine 29.93 ± 3.83, p = 0.006). No correlation was found between the microhardness values and the amount of solid dentin in the sclerotic dentin, irrespective of the species considered (human R² = 0.0240, p = 0.714; bovine R² = 0.0017, p = 0.923; and combined R² = 0.038, p = 0.46). We concluded that although both bovine and human sclerotic dentin present a similar amount of solid tissue, human sclerotic dentin presents higher microhardness than bovine sclerotic dentin.

Gisela Muassab, Castanho; Márcia Martins, Marques; Juliana Barbosa, Marques; Maitê André, Camargo; Antonio Alberto De, Cara.

2011-06-01

40

Cystic angiomatosis of bone with sclerotic changes mimicking osteoblastic metastases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Five unusual cases of cystic angiomatosis of bone which presented with the radiologic appearance of osteoblastic lesions are reported. Three patients were female (ages 37, 41, and 65 years) and two were male (ages 24 and 66 years). Although cystic angiomatosis of bone usually produces widespread osteolytic lesions with a honeycombed appearance in the skeletal system, multiple osteoblastic lesions mimicking metastatic osteoblastic carcinoma are sometimes seen. This radiological presentation has not been well emphasized in previous reports. Histologically, in addition to the angiomatous lesions, both mature thickened lamellar bone trabeculae and immature trabeculae of woven bone were found. In one of our patients, increasing density of the osteoblastic lesions was noted over time. One previous study has suggested that the age of the lesions of cystic angiomatosis is related to radiographic density. It is important to recognize this uncommon variant of cystic angiomatosis and to include this entity among the radiologic differential diagnoses when multiple osteoblastic lesions are encountered. (orig.)

41

Bony island within the articular cartilage of the knee in a child: a rare condition for early osteoarthritis  

OpenAIRE

Articular cartilage is a specific type of connective tissue composed of hydrated proteoglycans within a matrix of collagen fibrils. In the elderly population, it shows degenerative changes that may results in osteoarthritis. The more severe form of osteoarthritis occasionally demonstrates bone formation within the cartilage, which is designated as a bony protuberance, however, such lesions are rare in children. This report presents the case of a 10-year-old boy with a bony protuberance within...

Takehiko Sugita; Taku Hatta; Toshimi Aizawa; Masahiro Ohnuma; Atsushi Takahashi; Eiji Itoi

2011-01-01

42

Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea / Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Qui [...] nck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones. Abstract in english A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, d [...] iagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

V, Silva; H, Madrid; S, Anticevic.

43

Calcareous lesions of the distal extremities resembling tumoral calcinosis (tumoral calcinosislike lesions): clinicopathologic study of 43 cases emphasizing a pathogenesis-based approach to classification.  

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Herein, we analyze the clinicopathologic features of 46 distal extremity lesions that have histologic features similar to conventional tumoral calcinosis (tumoral calcinosislike; TC-L). The study included 31 females and 12 males (whites:non-whites>3:1) ranging in age from 1 to 91 (mean, 39; median, 42) years. The lesions presented in fingers (n=20), feet (n=10), wrist (n=6), hands (5), toes (n=4), and ankle (n=1) were solitary in all but 5 patients and ranged in size from 0.3 to 4.5 (mean, 1.6; median, 1.4) cm. Chief initial complaints included presence of a painful (n=16) or asymptomatic (n=7) mass, and limitation of joint mobility (n=3). Pertinent clinical associations included antecedent trauma (n=7), scleroderma (n=3), long-standing osteoarthritis (n=3), bony deformities (n=5), including 2 infants with congenital hand malformations, and chronic renal failure (n=2). Patients were stratified into one of the 3 recognized clinical settings of TC: primary normophosphatemic (n=17), secondary (n=5), or primary hyperphosphatemic TC (n=1). The 20 remaining patients were placed in an "indeterminate TC" category. Most lesions were located in tenosynovial/fascial tissue, but 13 lesions involved dermis and 1 was intra-articular. Histologically, the process consisted of multiple cystic or cleftlike spaces bordered by histiocytes, osteoclastlike giant cells, and a variable inflammatory infiltrate and containing fibrin, granular calcific debris, and calcospherites. Pools of calcific debris bordered by sclerotic collagen and a sparse cellular element predominated in 4 cases. Cartilaginous metaplasia was identified in 10 lesions and evidence of hemorrhage or specific injury was observed in 12 examples. Follow-up data for 22 patients (interval range, 1 to 30 y; median, 6 y) revealed 17 individuals with no evidence of recurrent disease or the development of additional lesions after simple (local) excision. One patient (indeterminate TC) required reexcision of a thumb mass 1 year after surgery. All 3 scleroderma patients developed additional TC-L lesions. Acral TC-L lesions are histologically similar to conventional TC, but present as smaller size lesions. Most TC-L lesions are closely aligned with primary normophosphatemic or secondary TC. Acral TC-L lesions may be the first manifestation of scleroderma, where the process has the potential to follow an unrelenting course. PMID:17197915

Laskin, William B; Miettinen, Markku; Fetsch, John F

2007-01-01

44

Bony island within the articular cartilage of the knee in a child: a rare condition for early osteoarthritis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Articular cartilage is a specific type of connective tissue composed of hydrated proteoglycans within a matrix of collagen fibrils. In the elderly population, it shows degenerative changes that may results in osteoarthritis. The more severe form of osteoarthritis occasionally demonstrates bone formation within the cartilage, which is designated as a bony protuberance, however, such lesions are rare in children. This report presents the case of a 10-year-old boy with a bony protuberance within the articular cartilage of the knee. The patient initially complained of knee pain and he subsequently developed flexion contracture. Radiological and arthroscopic examinations revealed a bony protuberance in the articular cartilage and degenerative changes of the cartilage above it. He was successfully treated by the removal of the bony protuberance and osteochondral grafting. The bony protuberance may have caused cartilage degradation since the thickness of the cartilage above it was thinner than that around the lesion. The bony protuberance within the articular cartilage formed in the younger population may be a possible cause of osteoarthritis. This case is a noteworthy with regard to the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. PMID:21808719

Hatta, Taku; Sugita, Takehiko; Aizawa, Toshimi; Ohnuma, Masahiro; Takahashi, Atsushi; Itoi, Eiji

2011-03-17

45

Bony island within the articular cartilage of the knee in a child: a rare condition for early osteoarthritis  

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Full Text Available Articular cartilage is a specific type of connective tissue composed of hydrated proteoglycans within a matrix of collagen fibrils. In the elderly population, it shows degenerative changes that may results in osteoarthritis. The more severe form of osteoarthritis occasionally demonstrates bone formation within the cartilage, which is designated as a bony protuberance, however, such lesions are rare in children. This report presents the case of a 10-year-old boy with a bony protuberance within the articular cartilage of the knee. The patient initially complained of knee pain and he subsequently developed flexion contracture. Radiological and arthroscopic examinations revealed a bony protuberance in the articular cartilage and degenerative changes of the cartilage above it. He was successfully treated by the removal of the bony protuberance and osteochondral grafting. The bony protuberance may have caused cartilage degradation since the thickness of the cartilage above it was thinner than that around the lesion. The bony protuberance within the articular cartilage formed in the younger population may be a possible cause of osteoarthritis. This case is a noteworthy with regard to the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis.

Eiji Itoi

2011-03-01

46

Pupal cuticle proteins of Manduca sexta: characterization and profiles during sclerotization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Proteins in pupal abdominal cuticle of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, were characterized during the pre-ecdysial and post-ecdysial periods of sclerotization and endocuticle formation. Protein extractability decreased dramatically as the cuticle became sclerotized through 6 h post-ecdysis, but increased rapidly from 9 to 48 h as endocuticular layers were secreted. Nearly 100 proteins that were extracted from pre-ecdysial cuticle became largely insoluble during sclerotization. Three major proteins in this group destined to become exocuticle had apparent molecular masses (Mapp) of 20, 27 and 36 kDa, and were designated MS-PCP20, MS-PCP27, and MS-PCP36. Amino acid analysis revealed glycine to predominate in all three proteins, and alanine, aspartate, glutamate, proline and serine were also relatively abundant. Histidine residues, which provide sites for adduct and cross-link formation with quinone metabolites of N-beta-alanyldopamine during sclerotization of pupal cuticle, ranged from 2 to 3 mol %. N-Terminal amino acid analysis of MSPC-20 and MSPC-36 also revealed some sequence similarities indicating they may be related. An almost entirely new group of proteins appeared by 9 h as endocuticule secretion began, and these increased in abundance through 48 h post-ecdysis. Two of these were major proteins with Mapps of 33 and 34 kDa, and they also had close similarities in their N-terminal amino acid sequences. This study showed that the large number of proteins secreted into the presumptive exocuticle of the pupa before ecdysis are involved in sclerotization reactions and as a consequence become largely insoluble. The epidermis then switches to the secretion of an entirely new group of proteins that are involved in formation of the endocuticle. PMID:10646967

Hopkins, T L; Krchma, L J; Ahmad, S A; Kramer, K J

2000-01-01

47

Arthroscopic decompression of a bony suprascapular foramen.  

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Arthroscopic decompression of the suprascapular nerve by transection of the transverse scapular ligament has only recently been described. Arthroscopic decompression of a bony suprascapular notch foramen has not been previously reported. This article presents a case report and outlines an arthroscopic technique to safely decompress a bony suprascapular notch. In the subacromial space, a lateral portal is used for viewing and a posterior portal for instrumentation. The medial wall of the subacromial bursa located behind the acromioclavicular joint is debrided with the shaver facing laterally and superiorly. The posterior acromioclavicular artery is routinely coagulated. A superomedial portal is now established using spinal needle localization. A smooth 5.5-mm cannula is placed in this portal and the coracoclavicular ligaments (trapezoid and conoid) are followed to the coracoid. The smooth cannula serves nicely to sweep and retract the suprascapular artery and associated fibrofatty tissue from the field of view while allowing instrumentation and visualization of the suprascapular notch. The course of the suprascapular nerve and morphology of the notch is confirmed. A Kerrison punch rongeur, routinely used in spine surgery, is introduced through the superomedial portal and a notchplasty is performed safely, allowing decompression of the suprascapular nerve. PMID:19245997

Agrawal, Vivek

2009-03-01

48

Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine) exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electro...

Gisela Muassab Castanho; Márcia Martins Marques; Juliana Barbosa Marques; Maitê André Camargo; Antonio Alberto de Cara

2011-01-01

49

In vitro evaluation of the microhardness of normal and sclerotic bovine dentin  

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Full Text Available Introduction:The literature shows different characteristics between normal and sclerotic dentin.Hardness is a property that has been very used to compare restorative materials and biological tissues.Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the hardness clinical characteristics between the normal and the sclerotic bovine dentin, through the microhardness test.Material and methods: 20 bovine teeth were divided in two groups: GI (normal and GII (with characteristics of sclerosis.The teeth were mounted in acrylic resin cylinders with exposure of dentin along the incisal edges. The specimens received finishing and polishing following by storage in distilled water at ambient temperature for 7 days.Microhardness measurements were made using a Vickers indenter microhardness tester under a load of 50 gf for 45 s.In this study 3 areas per specimen were selected and each specimen were selected and each area received 5 indentations, resulting in 15 indentations per specimen. Results: The data were statistically processed using the Student’s t-test.The level of significance was 5%. The results showed no significant differences between the mean values of the two groups (GI: 36.82±9.45; GII:32.4±12.2 (p = 0.383.Conclusion:The normal bovine dentin presented similar microhardness Vickers values to the sclerotic bovine dentin.

Gisela Muassab CASTANHO

2009-06-01

50

Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms  

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Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

Macanovic, M., E-mail: mladenmaca@gmail.co [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Gangidi, S.; Porter, G.; Brown, S.; Courtney, D. [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Porter, J. [Community Dental Service, Plymouth Primary Care Trust, Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15

51

Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

52

Factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for bone lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To evaluate the factors influencing diagnostic yield of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) for bone lesions. Materials and methods: Between September 2005 and July 2011, 162 consecutive CT-guided CNB procedures were performed in 155 patients. The variables analysed were age, sex, lesion location, lesion type, lesion size, specimen size, biopsy needle gauge, and individual radiologist. The factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous CNB for bone lesions were determined by multivariate analysis of variables. Results: The diagnostic yield was 81.5%. Diagnostic yield was 89.9% for lytic bone lesions and 48.5% for sclerotic bone lesions (p < 0.001), and 89.2% for lesions ?3 cm and 73.4% for lesions <3 cm (p = 0.010). The significant factors influencing diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous CNB for bone lesions were lesion type [p < 0.001; odds ratio (OR) for a lytic lesion was approximately 12 times higher than that for a sclerotic lesion; 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.22–34.01], and lesion size (p = 0.012; OR for a lesion size ?3 cm was about five-times higher than that for a lesion size <3 cm; 95% CI: 1.42–16.71). Conclusion: Lesion type and lesion size are determining factors in diagnostic yield. The higher diagnostic yield is correlated with lytic lesion and lesion size ?3 cm

53

Effect of surface treatments and different adhesives on the hybrid layer thickness of non-carious cervical lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

This in vitro study observed and compared the resin and non-carious sclerotic dentin interfaces generated by three different adhesives and two different techniques, using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Thirty-two human premolars, with buccal, non-carious cervical lesions, were used. The teeth were randomly divided into eight groups. Group 1: Sclerotic dentin was treated with Single Bond (3M). Group 2: After superficial sclerotic dentin was removed with a diamond bur (Diatech, Coltene), the dentin surfaces were treated with Single Bond. Group 3: Sclerotic dentin was treated with Clearfil SE Bond (Kuraray). Group 4: After superficial sclerotic dentin was removed with a diamond bur, Clearfil SE Bond was applied. Group 5: Sclerotic dentin was treated with Xeno III (Dentsply). Group 6: After superficial sclerotic dentin was removed with a bur, Xeno III was applied to the dentin surfaces. For Groups 7 and 8, after the superficial sclerotic dentin was removed with a diamond bur, Clearfil SE Bond, with an additional 37% phosphoric acid gel, was used on the sclerotic dentin surfaces in Group 7 and Xeno III was used in Group 8. In all groups, the cavities were restored with Filtek Supreme (3M). All the specimens were sectioned longitudinally and polished along the cut surface. The sections were treated with 37% orthophosphoric acid for five seconds, rinsed with water and treated with 5% NaOCL for 10 minutes. The specimens were then gold-sputter coated and evaluated under SEM. The thickness of the hybrid layer was measured on the gingival, occlusal and axial dentin interfaces. ANOVA was performed to determine whether there were any statistically significant differences in hybrid layer thickness. Post-hoc multiple comparisons were done with Tukey's test. Hybrid layer thickness was increased with all adhesives when superficial dentin was removed with a bur. Hybrid layer thickness showed significant differences between total-etch and self-etch systems. PMID:18505226

Eliguzeloglu, Evrim; Omurlu, Huma; Eskitascioglu, Gurcan; Belli, Sema

2008-01-01

54

Imaging modalities to access bony tumors and hyperplasic reactions of the temporomandibular joint.  

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Benign and malignant tumors in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are rare. However, when a patient presents with clinical findings such as altered occlusion or facial asymmetry, a morphologic alteration in the condyle should be ruled out. The differential diagnosis for benign hyperplastic bony lesions in the TMJ should include condylar hyperplasia, osteochondroma, osteoma, chondroma, and osteoblastoma. If malignant features are present, chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma should be considered. For the differential diagnosis, imaging is the most noninvasive method to evaluate the integrity of the TMJ. Imaging can be classified as morphologic or functional according to the information provided. The current scientific data have shown that panoramic images have 97% sensitivity and 45% specificity for identifying hyperplastic conditions in the TMJ. The sensitivity and specificity of medical computed tomography (CT) and cone-beam CT is 70% and 100%, and 80% and 100%, respectively, for the detection of bony abnormalities. To differentiate benign and malignant bony tumors, magnetic resonance imaging has a sensitivity and specificity of 44% and 95%, respectively. The corresponding percentages for single positron emission CT are 91% and 94%, for single positron emission CT/CT are 100% and 100%, for positron emission tomography are 88% and 72%, and for positron emission tomography/CT are 100% and 97%. The combination of morphologic and functional (single positron emission CT and positron emission tomography) modalities appears to improve the sensitivity and specificity to assess a hyperplastic condyle, facilitating treatment planning and providing a better prognosis for the patient. PMID:20452115

Shintaku, Werner H; Venturin, Jaqueline S; Langlais, Robert P; Clark, Glenn T

2010-08-01

55

Bony fragments in the tarsocrural and metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints in the Standardbred horse - a radiographic survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiographic examination of the tarsocrural, metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints was made in 139 Standardbred horses. Most were under three years old with no history of orthopaedic problems. In the tarsocrural joint, osteochondrosis was observed in 25 (18.1 percent) of the horses (n = 138) and 14 (56 percent) of these were affected bilaterally. In the metatarsophalangeal joint, the most frequent radiographic abnormality was single or multiple bony fragments or defects at the plantar proximal end of the proximal phalanx, which was noticed in 40 (28.8 percent) of the horses (n = 139). The lesion was much more frequent in the hind than in the forelimbs. Ten percent of horses affected in the hindlimbs had the lesions bilaterally. Palmar or plantar fragments wee also more common in the medial, than the lateral, part of the joint. With regard to osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joint and palmar or plantar bony fragments in the metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints, no significant differences in incidence were found between sexes or between left and right sides. There was no correlation between findings of osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joints and the occurrence of bony fragments in the plantar part of the metatarsophalangeal joints. In the forelimbs, bony fragments in the dorsal parts of the metacarpophalangeal joint were noticed in three (2.9 percent) of the horse (n = 103) and the corresponding figure for the metatarsophalangeal joint was three (2.2 percent) (n = 139). In 102 horses, the tarsocrural, the metacarpo- and the metatarsophalangeal joints were radiographed at the same time. One or several joints were affected with osteochondrosis, bony fragments, or defects in underlying bones in 45 (44.1 percent) of these horses. (author)

56

Synchronous Bony and Head and Neck Malignancies – A Rare Presentation  

OpenAIRE

The incidence of distant metastases in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is relatively small in comparison to other malignancies and the rate of development of a bony second primary in a patient with HNSCC even smaller. Presence of a second primary adversely impacts the survival and may significantly alter treatment planning . Pulmonary secondaries and second primaries are the most frequent in SCC. A bony second primary in HNSCC is rare and not reported. In this article, we report...

Shenoy, Vijendra S.; Rao, Raghavendra A.; Vishnu Prasad; Mathew, Neethu M.

2014-01-01

57

Bone density three-dimensional CT of skull base lesions. Simultaneous use of multiplanar reconstruction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We performed bone density three-dimensional CT (3D-CT) of six skull base lesions. Multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) was also performed in 5 cases. The ability to demonstrate the lesions on 3D-CT was examined in addition to additional information of MPR. 3D-CT clearly demonstrated the bony lesions in 5 cases. In one case, the internal architecture of the lesion was visualized with cutting procedure. In all, minute bony change and adjacent soft tissue lesion were observed at any plane on MPR. Simultaneous use of 3D-CT and MPR may be useful for demonstrating skull base lesions. (author)

58

CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy for bilateral multiple renal cysts: preliminary results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing, aspiration and injection of sclerotic agents (ethanol) in treating bilateral multiple renal cysts. Methods: CT-guided once-through bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy was performed in 19 patients with bilateral multiple renal cysts. First, under CT guidance the puncture points and puncture routs were decided, then, puncturing, aspiration, rinsing and ethanol injection of the cysts were taken place by turn. The clinical results were analyzed. Results: bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy was successfully completed in all 19 cases. The whole procedure was well tolerated by all patients. The mean operative time was 23 minutes with a range of 20-35 minutes. No severe complications occurred. Conclusion: With proficient manipulation, CT-guided bilateral percutaneous needle puncturing sclerotic therapy for bilateral multiple renal cysts can be smoothly carried out. The technique can reduced the number of sclerotherapy times, cut down the medical expenses and, therefore, get twofold results with half the effort. (authors)

59

Rosai-Dorfman Disease: Report of a Case Associated with IgG4-Related Sclerotic Lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a rare case of sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (Rosai-Dorfman disease) associated with a six-year history of autoimmune pancreatitis, which was controlled by steroid treatment. The patient presented with multiple, cervical and thoracic lymphadenopathy and abnormal, nodular opacities in the lung. Histologically, Rosai-Dorfman disease with numerous IgG4-positive cells was identified in a subcutaneous lymph node in the patient's left forearm. The patient recovered uneventfully with steroid treatment. PMID:23323110

Park, Bong-Hee; Son, Da Hye; Kim, Myung-Hwan; Shim, Tae Sun; Lee, Hee Jin; Huh, Jooryung

2012-12-01

60

Rosai-Dorfman Disease: Report of a Case Associated with IgG4-Related Sclerotic Lesions  

OpenAIRE

We describe a rare case of sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (Rosai-Dorfman disease) associated with a six-year history of autoimmune pancreatitis, which was controlled by steroid treatment. The patient presented with multiple, cervical and thoracic lymphadenopathy and abnormal, nodular opacities in the lung. Histologically, Rosai-Dorfman disease with numerous IgG4-positive cells was identified in a subcutaneous lymph node in the patient's left forearm. The patient recovered un...

Park, Bong-hee; Son, Da Hye; Kim, Myung-hwan; Shim, Tae Sun; Lee, Hee Jin; Huh, Jooryung

2012-01-01

61

Rosai-Dorfman Disease: Report of a Case Associated with IgG4-Related Sclerotic Lesions  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a rare case of sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (Rosai-Dorfman disease) associated with a six-year history of autoimmune pancreatitis, which was controlled by steroid treatment. The patient presented with multiple, cervical and thoracic lymphadenopathy and abnormal, nodular opacities in the lung. Histologically, Rosai-Dorfman disease with numerous IgG4-positive cells was identified in a subcutaneous lymph node in the patient's left forearm. The patient recovered uneventfully with steroid treatment. PMID:23323110

Park, Bong-Hee; Son, Da Hye; Kim, Myung-Hwan; Shim, Tae Sun; Lee, Hee Jin

2012-01-01

62

La displasia cemento ósea florida y su diagnóstico diferencial / The Florid cemento-bony dysplasia and the differential diagnosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las lesiones benignas fibro-óseas de los maxilares constituyen un grupo diverso de enfermedades con una característica histológica común: la sustitución de hueso normal por tejido compuesto de colágeno y fibroblastos, con cantidades variables de una sustancia mineral que puede ser de hueso, cemento [...] o ambos. Estas lesiones incluyen la displasia fibrosa, la displasia cemento-ósea en sus variantes: periapical, focal o florida, el cementoma gigantiforme familiar y el fibroma osificante cemento-osificante. La osteomielitis es un proceso inflamatorio agudo o crónico de los espacios medulares o corticales del hueso, que se extiende más allá del sitio inicial de desenvolvimiento. La osteomielitis esclerosante difusa es más frecuente en adultos, principalmente en la mandíbula. Se presenta radiográficamente como una lesión radiopaca difusa adyacente a los dientes, que puede ser multifocal. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir un caso inusual de lesión fibro-ósea, cuyo diagnóstico diferencial se hizo también con la osteomielitis de los maxilares. Se concluyó que las lesiones fibro-óseas benignas, presentaron muchas similitudes con respecto a sus aspectos clínicos, radiográficos e histológicos. Por lo tanto, es fundamental el análisis conjunto de estas informaciones para obtener un diagnóstico definitivo. Abstract in english The benign fibrous-bony lesions are a diverse group of diseases with common features: replacement of normal bone by tissue composed of collagen and fibroblasts, with variable amounts of a mineral substance that could be bone, cement or both. These lesions include the fibrous dysplasia, the periapica [...] l cement-bony dysplasia, focal or florid, familiar giant cementoma and ossifying fibroma (cement-ossifying). Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process of medullar or cortical spaces of bone extending beyond the onset site of development. Diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis involves to adults mainly the mandible and radiographically is a diffuse radiopaque lesion adjacent to teeth and could be multifocal. The aim of present paper is to describe an uncommon case of fibrous-bony lesion also diagnosed with maxillary osteomyelitis. We conclude that the above mentioned lesions are very similar regarding its clinical, radiographic and histological features. Thus, it is fundamental the combined analysis of these informations to obtain a definite diagnosis.

Allan Ulisses, Carvalho de Melo; Cyntia, Ferreira Ribeiro; Thiago, de Santana Santos; Luciana, Barreto Aguiar; Betsabé, Azevedo Rocha; Paulo, Almeida Júnior; Ricardo Luiz, Cavalcanti Albuquerque Júnior.

2011-09-01

63

Sclerotic-type chronic GVHD of the skin: clinical risk factors, laboratory markers, and burden of disease  

OpenAIRE

Chronic GVHD is one of the most severe complications of allogeneic HSCT. The sclerotic skin manifestations of cGVHD (ScGVHD) result from inflammation and fibrosis of the dermis, subcutaneous tissue, or fascia, leading to significant functional disability. Risk factors and clinical markers associated with ScGVHD remain largely unexamined. By using a single-visit, cross-sectional design, we evaluated 206 patients with cGVHD at the National Institutes of Health. Most patients manifested severe (...

Martires, Kathryn J.; Baird, Kristin; Steinberg, Seth M.; Grkovic, Lana; Joe, Galen O.; Williams, Kirsten M.; Mitchell, Sandra A.; Datiles, Manuel; Hakim, Fran T.; Pavletic, Steven Z.; Cowen, Edward W.

2011-01-01

64

Audiological signs in pediatric cases with dehiscence of the bony labyrinth caused by a high jugular bulb.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinical findings were assessed in three pediatric cases of dehiscence of the bony labyrinth caused by a high jugular bulb (HJB). Two children had two dehiscent lesions, which included posterior semicircular canal dehiscence (PSCD) and vestibular aqueduct dehiscence (VAD). One child had VAD alone. Two subjects with PSCD, but not with VAD alone, had mixed hearing loss and showed wave motion of the baseline on tympanometry and acoustic reflex testing, and a reduced response on otoacoustic emission. These findings may reflect jugular venous pulsations transmitted through the PSC and represent characteristics of cases with PSCD caused by HJB. PMID:22226515

Sone, Michihiko; Katayama, Naomi; Naganawa, Shinji; Yoshida, Tadao; Teranishi, Masaaki; Nakashima, Tsutomu

2012-03-01

65

Percutaneous embolization of bony pelvic neoplasms with tissue adhesive.  

Science.gov (United States)

Eight patients with tumors of the bony pelvis underwent embolization with isobutyl-2-cyanoacrylate (IBCA). Five patients had primary bone tumors, of which 2 were malignant and 3 were benign; 3 patients had metastases to the bony pelvis from the thyroid gland, kidney, and femur, respectively. Embolization was performed to minimize blood loss during resection of a giant-cell tumor in one patient and insertion of a hip prosthesis in another who had metastatic renal carcinoma. It was also done prior to scheduled surgery in one of the patients with aneurysmal bone cyst, but healing was sufficient to cancel the operation; in the other patient, embolization was the only therapy. Palliative embolization was performed in 4 patients with malignant tumors after other means failed to control pain or slow progression. IBCA appears to be an efficient means of occluding the vessels feeding selected primary bone tumors and metastases. PMID:6187041

Keller, F S; Rösch, J; Bird, C B

1983-04-01

66

Percutaneous embolization of bony pelvic neoplasms with tissue adhesive  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Eight patients with tumors of the bony pelvis underwent embolization with isobutyl-2-cyanoacrylate (IBCA). Five patients had primary bone tumors, of which 2 were malignant and 3 were benign; 3 patients had metastases to the bony pelvis from the thyroid gland, kidney, and femur, respectively. Embolization was performed to minimize blood loss during resection of a giant-cell tumor in one patient and insertion of a hip prosthesis in another who had metastatic renal carcinoma. It was also done prior to scheduled surgery in one of the patients with aneurysmal bone cyst, but healing was sufficient to cancel the operation; in the other patient, embolization was the only therapy. Palliative embolization was performed in 4 patients with malignant tumors after other means failed to control pain or slow progression. IBCA appears to be an efficient means of occluding the vessels feeding selected primary bone tumors and metastases.

Keller, F.S.; Rosch, J.; Bird, C.B.

1983-04-01

67

Percutaneous embolization of bony pelvic neoplasms with tissue adhesive  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Eight patients with tumors of the bony pelvis underwent embolization with isobutyl-2-cyanoacrylate (IBCA). Five patients had primary bone tumors, of which 2 were malignant and 3 were benign; 3 patients had metastases to the bony pelvis from the thyroid gland, kidney, and femur, respectively. Embolization was performed to minimize blood loss during resection of a giant-cell tumor in one patient and insertion of a hip prosthesis in another who had metastatic renal carcinoma. It was also done prior to scheduled surgery in one of the patients with aneurysmal bone cyst, but healing was sufficient to cancel the operation; in the other patient, embolization was the only therapy. Palliative embolization was performed in 4 patients with malignant tumors after other means failed to control pain or slow progression. IBCA appears to be an efficient means of occluding the vessels feeding selected primary bone tumors and metastases

68

Association between the proportion of globally sclerotic glomeruli and various morphologic variables and clinical data of IgA nephropathy patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Immunoglobulin A nephropathy is the most common form of glomerular nephropathy among children and young adults.Objectives: To evaluate the possible correlation between the extent of sclerotic glomeruli and various morphologic variables and clinical data of IgA nephropathy (IgAN patients, we conducted an observational study, on 136 IgAN patients’ biopsies.Patients and Methods: Of the 136 patients, 94 (69.1% were male. The mean age of the patients was 37.6 ± 13.4 years. The mean of serum creatinine was 1.94±3.7 mg/dl (median=1.2mg/dl, also mean of proteinuria was 1726±1247 mg/day (median=1500 mg/day. In this study of 14.9±3.7 glomeruli in biopsies, 2.5±3.2 (median=2 were globally sclerotic.Results: In this study we found, significant positive correlation between proportion of globally sclerotic glomeruli and serum creatinine, amount of proteinuria, and also quantity of tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Also, in this study, the association of proportion of globally sclerotic glomeruli with M, E, S and T variables of Oxford classification was significantly positive.Conclusion: We propose firstly that, sclerotic glomeruli reported routinely in the pathology reports of IgA nephropathy patients and secondly we suggest further investigations to possible inclusion of other morphologic variables like proportion of sclerotic glomeruli to Oxford classification of IgAN to widen the scope of this classification.

Nasri Hamid

2012-12-01

69

Canine hip dysplasia: significance of early bony spurring  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It is the purpose of this study to call attention to new bone production that often occurs early in the sequence of pathological changes associated with canine hip dysplasia. New bone production extending to bony remodeling, as well as femoral head subluxation, both occur in the sequence of pathologic changes associated with canine hip dysplasia. Subluxation is considered primary, while osteoarthrosis is a secondary feature, and both are used in the diagnosis of canine hip dysplasia. This report concerns the significance of the presence of a solitary bony osteophyte, or spur, that is frequently evident on the caudal aspect of the femoral neck as viewed on the conventional ventrodorsal projection. This report utilizes findings from pelvic radiographs of 605 dogs (five breeds). There was a greater frequency (54%)of this bony change in cases diagnosed radiographically as dysplastic than in cases diagnosed as normal(15%).Thus, it is suggested that this minimal radiographic change can be used as an indicator of early canine hip dysplasia, especially in the absence of subluxation of the femoral head

70

Wind rotor power station BONI-ShHV  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wind rotor power station (WRPS) BONI-ShHV has following advantages : the increase of installation stability by rise of wind velocity and rotation speed of rotor due to gyroscopic effect; the absence noise and vibration; the safety for birds and animals; ability of compact installation and creation of series of wind power dams with higher capacity; the simplicity and fast assembling and putting into operation. The price of 1 k W of installing capacity is lower about 2.5-3 times compare to usual WRPS due to simple kinematic scheme. WRPS has high specific output of electrical energy due to use of low and long existing wind velocity and due to short storms, giving greater power. It has ability to be replayed when average annual wind velocity is above 5.5 m/s in comparison with propeller WRPS, which are never repaying. WRPS BONI-ShHV are made on the plants of Republic of Kazakhstan, and tested in wind velocity range up 45 m/s, have experience of 3 years of operation, showing their reliability and effectiveness. The repayment period of individual WRPS BONI-0.5/6 ShHV is from 10 month to 1 year depending on average annual velocity

71

Variation in prostate position relative to adjacent bony anatomy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: In prostatic cancer, the prostate cannot be discerned from a portal image. Setup information is, therefore, obtained from bony anatomy. To perform high-precision conformal therapy, knowledge about the variation in distance between the prostate and adjacent bony anatomy during an external radiotherapy treatment is mandatory. This report is concerned with that variation. Methods and Materials: Nine patients previously treated interstitially for prostatic cancer with implantation of 125I seeds, agreed to cooperate in a study. They underwent a number of simulations of external radiotherapy treatment. After the first patient setup, this setup was repeated five times for each patient as if the patient was treated by external radiotherapy. Simulator radiographs were made from each setup in the anterior-posterior and left-right lateral directions. The seeds were clearly visible in the simulator film images and reflect the position of the prostate. No bladder instructions were given and the filling of the rectum was not quantified. Results: Variation in distance between the prostate and the bony anatomy was measured and is presented in one standard deviation of the normal distribution function: 0.8 mm lateral, 1.5 mm ventrodorsal, and 1.7 mm craniocaudal. Conclusion: The bone structure of the pelvis reflects fairly well the position of the prostate. The prostate is least mobile in a lateral direction and most mobile in the craniocaudal and ventrodorsal dire in the craniocaudal and ventrodorsal directions

72

Modulation of renin angiotensin system predominantly alters sclerotic phenotype of glomeruli in HIVAN.  

Science.gov (United States)

HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is a common complication of HIV-1 infection in patients with African ancestry in general and with APOL1 gene risk variants in particular. Although collapsing glomerulopathy is considered a hallmark of HIVAN, significant numbers of glomeruli in patients with HIVAN also display other variants of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). We propose that collapsed glomeruli as well as glomeruli with other variants of FSGS are manifestations of HIVAN and their prevalence depends on associated host factors. We explored the role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the manifestation of any specific glomerular phenotype in HIVAN. To evaluate the role of the RAS we have used a genetically engineered mouse model of HIVAN (Tg26) with two and four copies of angiotensinogen (Agt) gene (Tg26/Agt2 and Tg26/Agt4). In Tg26/Agt2, 1 out of 6 glomeruli exhibited sclerosed phenotype, whereas 1 out of 25 glomeruli displayed collapsed phenotype; on the other hand, in Tg26/Agt4, 1 out of 3 glomeruli exhibited sclerotic phenotype and only 1 out of 7 glomeruli showed collapsed phenotype. To inhibit the effect of RAS, Tg26/Agt2 were administered captopril, aliskiren, aliskiren plus captopril or aliskiren plus telmisartan by miniosmotic pumps for 4 weeks. In all experimental groups there was a significant reduction in percentage of sclerosed glomeruli and only minimal reduction in collapsed glomeruli compared to normal saline receiving Tg26/Agt2. These findings suggest that the manifestation of the sclerosed phenotype in HIVAN is predominantly dependent on activation of the RAS. PMID:24892944

Plagov, Andrei; Lan, Xiqian; Rai, Partab; Kumar, Dileep; Lederman, Rivka; Rehman, Shabina; Malhotra, Ashwani; Ding, Guohua; Chander, Praveen N; Singhal, Pravin C

2014-12-01

73

The skull base: tumoral lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many lesions occur in the anterior, central and posterior skull base. In order to detect and characterise them, one has to apply the best imaging technique. Today MR is the preferred technique, and the use of CT is more and more restricted to evaluate the presence of calcifications and involvement of thin bony walls, foramina and fissures. However, MR is only superior when the right sequences and imaging planes are used. Many lesions can be characterised by their specific signal intensity on different sequences and by their location. Nevertheless some lesions can only be characterised after biopsy. The purpose of imaging in skull base tumours remains in the first place the evaluation of the exact tumour extent, and this is again best achieved with MR. In this paper the imaging technique and the most frequent skull base tumours are discussed. (orig.)

74

Ranking of CT and MR in diagnostics of bony sequestra  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Conventional radiographs of 45 patienst with chronic osteomyelitis, mostly of posttraumatic origin, were compared with computed tomography (CT) and operative findings. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging (MR2) was performed in 6 of these patients. In 28 patients (65%) bony sequestra were identified and in most cases histologically confirmed by surgical exploration. CT proved to be the method of choice for the preoperative diagnosis of sequestra in patients with chronic osteomyelitis. MRI advantage appears to be a more detailed and accurate imaging of the extent of the intraor extraosseous inflammation, thereby facilitating surgical planning. (orig.)

75

Bio-archaeometric analysis of Francisco Pizarro's bony remains  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The analysis of the bony pieces of the skeleton attributed to the conquer Francisco Pizarro was continued, with the quantitative determinations of the elements Calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Strontium (Sr) and Lead (Pb) evidence graphically the strong contamination by contact with Pb of the pieces of the head and the punctual contamination of some other pieces, with this same element by handling; besides the contamination by Cu in the pieces pertaining to the extremities has been determined. Finally by means of statistical evaluations of the elements Ca, Cu, Zn and Sr the type of diet of the individual in study is determined. (orig.)

76

Effect of the application time of phosphoric acid and self-etch adhesive systems to sclerotic dentin  

OpenAIRE

Objective: To evaluate the effect of application time on the resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS) and etching pattern of adhesive systems applied on sclerotic dentine. Material and Methods: A total of forty-two bovine incisors had their roots removed. The 1-step self-etch GO (SDI), the 2-step self-etch Adper SE Bond (3MESPE) and the 35% phosphoric acid (3MESPE) from the 2-step etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (3MESPE) were applied on the bovine incisal surfaces according to the manufact...

Alexandra Patricia Mena-Serrano; Eugenio Jose Garcia; Miguel Muñoz Perez; Gislaine Cristine Martins; Rosa Helena Miranda Grande; Alessandro Dourado Loguercio; Alessandra Reis

2013-01-01

77

Synchronous Bony and Head and Neck Malignancies – A Rare Presentation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The incidence of distant metastases in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC is relatively small in comparison to other malignancies and the rate of development of a bony second primary in a patient with HNSCC even smaller. Presence of a second primary adversely impacts the survival and may significantly alter treatment planning . Pulmonary secondaries and second primaries are the most frequent in SCC. A bony second primary in HNSCC is rare and not reported. In this article, we report the case of a patient with oral cavity malignancy that developed osseous second synchronous primary to the distal end of the femur. The diagnosis was made based on x-ray findings, bone scan findings and bone biopsy. We report this case because we believe that a second primary of osteoclastoma at the distal femur along with an oropharyngeal carcinoma has never been reported and to emphasize on the importance of awareness of the possibility of the development of osseous second primaries mimicking osseous metastasis in head and neck cancer, although it is not a common phenomenon.

Vijendra S Shenoy

2014-06-01

78

Lifa Disease: Frictional Dermal Melanosis over Bony Prominences (Clinicopathological Study  

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Full Text Available Background: Lifa disease (Frictional dermal melanosis over bony prominences has been described in Iraq for the first time in 1993, as a new distinctive pigmentary skin condition that followed chronic friction with a body washing agent (lifa during bathing. Objective: To assess this increasingly common problem where still many doctors unaware about its presence especially in other Middle East countries. Patients and Methods: A case series descriptive study done in Departments of Dermatology-Najaf and Baghdad Teaching Hospitals, between March 2007- Oct.2008. Full history and clinical examination were done for all patients including Wood's light examination. Biopsies were taken from 21 patients and sent for hematoxylin-eosin and Congo red stains. Results: Fifty two (49 female and 3 male patients with typical clinical features of lifa disease were studied. The mean age of presentation was 27.92 ± 7.58 years. All patients were slim with prominent bones and low body mass index, used lifa vigorously during bathing.Pigmentation was distributed bilaterally and symmetrically over bony prominences. The most common affected sites were: clavicular areas (67.3% and upper back (42%. Wood's light and histopathological examinations revealed dermal melanosis. No amyloid deposit was detected by using Congo red stain in any patient. Conclusions: Lifa disease is a common distinctive pigmentary disfiguring problem especially among females. The histopathology showed dermal melanosis, and might be confused with other pigmentary problems like macular amyloidosis.

Khalifa E. Sharquie

2012-09-01

79

Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials. (author)

80

Bleomycin-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in sclerotic skin of mice: possible role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) derived myofibroblasts are partly responsible for the increased collagen synthesis and deposition that occur in tissue fibrosis; however EMT occurrence in skin fibrosis and its mechanism remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether epithelial cells undergo EMT and determine the role of oxidative stress in this process. BALB/c mice were subcutaneously injected with bleomycin (BLM) or phosphate buffer saline (PBS) into the shaved back daily for 2, 3, and 4weeks. Skin collagen deposition was evaluated by histopathology and Western blotting. EMT characteristics in the skin were determined by histopathology and immunofluorescent staining for E-cadherin and vimentin, which were further evaluated by Western blotting and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). To investigate the role of oxidative stress in EMT, the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was intraperitoneally (100mg/kg body weight/day) injected daily for 3weeks. The epithelial suprabasal cells were detached from the basement membrane zone (BMZ) in the sclerotic skin treated with BLM. Immunofluorescent staining indicated vimentin-positive epithelial cells frequently occurring in the thickened epidermis of BLM-treated mice. Western blotting and RT-PCR showed that the expression of E-cadherin was significantly decreased but that of vimentin significantly increased in the skin treated with BLM. NAC attenuated BLM induced oxidative damage, changes in E-cadherin and vimentin expressions and collagen deposition in the sclerotic skin of mice. This study provides the first evidence that BLM induces the EMT of the epithelial cells superficial to the basement membrane zone in the skin fibrosis. Oxidative stress may contribute, at least in part, to BLM induced EMT and skin fibrosis in mice. PMID:24726524

Zhou, Cheng-Fan; Zhou, Deng-Chuan; Zhang, Jia-Xiang; Wang, Feng; Cha, Wan-Sheng; Wu, Chang-Hao; Zhu, Qi-Xing

2014-06-15

81

The bony labyrinth of the early platyrrhine primate Chilecebus.  

Science.gov (United States)

We document the morphology of the bony labyrinth of Chilecebus carrascoensis, one of the best preserved early platyrrhines known, based on high resolution CT scanning and 3D digital reconstruction. The cochlea is low and conical in form, as in other anthropoids, but has only 2.5 spiral turns. When the allometric relationship with body mass is considered, cochlear size is similar to that in extant primates. The relative size of the semicircular canals, which is well within the range of other primates, indicates that Chilecebus carrascoensis was probably not as agile in its locomotion as other small-bodied platyrrhines such as Leontopithecus rosalia, Saguinus oedipus, and Callithrix jacchus, but it probably was not a suspensory acrobat or a slow climber. The proportion, shape, and orientation of the semicircular canals in Chilecebus carrascoensis also mirror that typically seen in extant primates. However, no single variable can be used for predicting the locomotor pattern in Chilecebus carrascoensis. Based on Principle Component Analysis (PCA) scores we calculated rescaled Euclidean distances for various taxa; primates with similar locomotor patterns tend to share shorter distances. Results for Chilecebus carrascoensis underscore its general resemblance to living quadrupedal primate taxa, but it is not positioned especially near any single living taxon. PMID:20952046

Ni, Xijun; Flynn, John J; Wyss, André R

2010-12-01

82

Viral vaccines for bony fish: past, present and future.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since 1970, aquaculture production has grown. In 2010, it had an annual average rate of 6.3% with 59.9 million tons of product and soon could exceed capture fisheries as a source of fishery products. However, the occurrence of viral diseases continues to be a significant limiting factor and its control is important for the development of this sector. In aquaculture farms, fish are reared under intensive culture conditions, and the use of viral vaccines has enabled an increase in production. Several types of vaccines and strategies of vaccination have been developed; however, this approach has not reached the expected goals in the most susceptible stage (fingerlings). Currently, there are inactivated and recombinant commercial vaccines, mainly for salmonids and cyprinids. In addition, updated genomic and proteomic technology has expedited the research and expansion of new vaccine models, such as those comprised of subunits or DNA. The objective of this review is to cover the various types of viral vaccines that have been developed and are available for bony fishes, as well as the advantages and challenges that DNA vaccines present for massive administration in a growing aquaculture, possible risks for the environment, the controversy regarding genetically modified organisms and possible acceptance by consumers. PMID:23659303

Salgado-Miranda, Celene; Loza-Rubio, Elizabeth; Rojas-Anaya, Edith; García-Espinosa, Gary

2013-05-01

83

Algodystrophy in children and young adults with isotopic bony hypofixation. A propos of 5 observations  

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The authors report 5 observations of young adults 3 teen-agers and 2 children suffering from algodystrophy, and in whom isotopic exploration of the skeleton disclosed a clear bony hypofixation during the entire evolution. These observations confirm their 1981 work concerning a young adult suffering from algodystrophy with isotopic bony hypofixation. Recent Canadian and American studies emphasize also the frequency of isotopic hypofixation in children algodystrophy. It seems, therefore, that isotopic bony hypofixation (linked perhaps to a decreased blood flow), is rather specific of algodystrophy in young subjects.

Doury, P.; Pattin, S.; Eulry, F.; Granier, R.; Gaillard, F.

1986-12-01

84

CT image evaluation of the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement after total hip arthroplasty  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study evaluated the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement of the proximal femur on the pelvis after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images of 90 deg hip flexion were used to simulate the internal rotation limit against safety limits measured intraoperatively. Ninety joints in 86 subjects (12 men and 74 women) underwent THA for the treatment of secondary coxarthrosis. The correlation between the internal rotation limit prior to the bony impingement intraoperatively and the simulated internal rotation angle on the reconstructed CT image was statistically significant. We provide a new method to simulate the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement based on postoperative CT. (author)

Suzuki, Koji; Matsubara, Masaaki; Morita, Sadao; Muneta, Takeshi; Shinomiya, Ken-ichi [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

2002-07-01

85

CT image evaluation of the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement after total hip arthroplasty  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study evaluated the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement of the proximal femur on the pelvis after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images of 90 deg hip flexion were used to simulate the internal rotation limit against safety limits measured intraoperatively. Ninety joints in 86 subjects (12 men and 74 women) underwent THA for the treatment of secondary coxarthrosis. The correlation between the internal rotation limit prior to the bony impingement intraoperatively and the simulated internal rotation angle on the reconstructed CT image was statistically significant. We provide a new method to simulate the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement based on postoperative CT. (author)

86

Algodystrophy in children and young adults with isotopic bony hypofixation. A propos of 5 observations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report 5 observations of young adults 3 teen-agers and 2 children suffering from algodystrophy, and in whom isotopic exploration of the skeleton disclosed a clear bony hypofixation during the entire evolution. These observations confirm their 1981 work concerning a young adult suffering from algodystrophy with isotopic bony hypofixation. Recent Canadian and American studies emphasize also the frequency of isotopic hypofixation in children algodystrophy. It seems, therefore, that isotopic bony hypofixation (linked perhaps to a decreased blood flow), is rather specific of algodystrophy in young subjects

87

MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension [...] and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo spin echo (PDW TSE) and proton density weighted turbo spin echo fat saturation (PDW TSE FS) sequences of four cases of cyclops lesions, and distinguish between the MRI findings of large and small lesions. We also describe a cyclops lesion after a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, not described in literature before.

C, Minné; MD, Velleman; FE, Suleman.

2012-04-01

88

Journey to chew: A case of maxillary duplication and bony syngnathia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tessier no 3 cleft, bony syngnathia, and maxillary duplication are rare as independent anomalies and have never been reported together in a single case. Here we present a patient with congenital bony syngnathia, maxillary duplication, and a Tessier no. 3 nasal cleft. Other abnormalities included situs inversus, dextrocardia, coarctation of the aorta, left choanal stenosis, left coloboma, and hypertelorbitism. Given the unique presentation, we present our early surgical management to this complex problem. PMID:25487671

Patel, Shitel D; Porras, Susana; Lypka, Michael

2015-01-01

89

An unusual case of dorsally situated bony spur in a lumbar split cord malformation.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of lumbar split cord malformation (SCM) with a bony spur situated dorsally is presented. This was associated with a hypertrophied posterior arch. The ventral dura was totally intact, and there was no fibrous septum connecting the bony arch to the dura. To our knowledge, such a case has not been reported earlier. In view of this unique finding, we propose a slight modification in Pang's unified theory of embryogenesis in the development of SCM. PMID:10545823

Chandra, P S; Kamal, R; Mahapatra, A K

1999-07-01

90

Weight bearing influence on knee joint bony contact movements: an in vivo video-fluoroscopy study.  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to understand the effects of body weight-bearing on knee joint bony contact movements, a video-fluoroscopic digitizing system with in vivo human knee extension-flexion motions of 12 healthy adults under body weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing conditions was studied. These 12 subjects were equally separated into two groups consisting of a body weight-bearing group and a non-weight-bearing group. Video-fluoroscopic images were digitized to get three parameters from the knee joint bony geometry. These three parameters were the radius of rotation, the are length of rotation, and the contact point of the tibiofemoral joint, and they were used to decide the knee joint bony contact status of the sliding, spinning and rocking motions. The results showed that the knee bony contact movements under body weight-bearing conditions had about 4 times the incidence rate of the sliding motion under non-weight-bearing conditions. The incidence rate of the sliding motion was greatest when the knee flexion was less than 30 degrees. The knee bony contact movements under non-weight-bearing conditions had a larger spinning motion incidence rate and smaller rocking motion incidence rate than they did under weight-bearing conditions. The larger spinning motion incidence rate when the knee joint flexion was greater than 60 degrees. In conclusion, the body weight-bearing factor should be considered in studying knee joint bony contact movements. PMID:9208483

Cheng, C K; Yao, N K; Liu, H C

1997-01-01

91

Esclerosis inflamatoria orbitaria y síndrome de fibrosis multifocal Sclerotic inflammation of the orbit and multifocal fibrosclerosis syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Caso clínico: Mujer de 52 años que consulta en nuestro Servicio por proptosis bilateral. La aparición de sintomatología aguda digestiva durante el ingreso para el estudio de la proptosis, condujo al diagnóstico de un cuadro de fibroesclerosis multifocal, con afectación simultánea de los tejidos orbitarios, grasa mesentérica y tronco de encéfalo. Discusión: El pseudotumor esclerosante orbitario es una rara entidad clinicopatológica, cuyas características en la clínica y en las pruebas de imagen pueden ser similares a las del pseudotumor inflamatorio idiopático. El diagnóstico diferencial es importante porque ambos difieren tanto en su tratamiento como en su pronóstico.Clinical case: A fifty-two-year-old woman consulted our department because of a bilateral proptosis. The appearance of acute symptoms suggestive of a digestive disorder during her admission to hospital for the study of the proptosis, led to a diagnosis of multifocal fibrosclerosis with simultaneous affliction of orbital tissue, mesenteric fat and the brain stem. Discussion: Idiopathic Sclerotic Inflammation of the orbit is a rare pathological entity, with similar clinical and radiological characteristics to orbital pseudo-tumour. The differential diagnosis is important because both these conditions differ in treatment and prognosis.

B. Mataix

2008-04-01

92

Effect of the application time of phosphoric acid and self-etch adhesive systems to sclerotic dentin  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the effect of application time on the resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS) and etching pattern of adhesive systems applied on sclerotic dentine. Material and Methods: A total of forty-two bovine incisors had their roots removed. The 1-step self-etch GO (SDI), the 2-step self- [...] etch Adper SE Bond (3MESPE) and the 35% phosphoric acid (3MESPE) from the 2-step etch-and-rinse Adper Single Bond 2 (3MESPE) were applied on the bovine incisal surfaces according to the manufacturer's instructions or duplicating the recommended conditioning time. After adhesive application, thirty teeth were restored with composite resin, stored for 24 h in distilled water at 37°C, and sectioned into resin-dentin bonded sticks (0.8 mm 2 ) and tested according to the µTBS at 0.5 mm/min. The etching pattern of the remaining twelve teeth (n=4 for each material) was examined under scanning electron microscopy. Each tooth was divided into a buccal-to-lingual direction into three thirds, and each third randomly assigned to the groups: control (no treatment), according to the manufacturers' instructions and duplicating the recommended application time. The µTBS and the relative percentage of the tubule area opening were evaluated by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests (?=0.05). Results: The duplication of the conditioning time favored only the GO adhesive (p

Alexandra Patricia, Mena-Serrano; Eugenio Jose, Garcia; Miguel Munoz, Perez; Gislaine Cristine, Martins; Rosa Helena Miranda, Grande; Alessandro Dourado, Loguercio; Alessandra, Reis.

2013-04-01

93

Diagnostic strategies in bone tumors and tumor-like lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Real bone tumors are rarely encountered in the daily routine of radiological practice. Therefore, for a general radiologist there is no need for a specialist knowledge on this field. However, he should be able to distinguish benign from malignant lesions in order to avoid unnecessary biopsies. A systematic approach towards osteolytic lesions, e.g. according to the classification of Lodwick, is mandatory. CT and MRI are indicated to clear up the anatomy in areas of superposition artefacts in conventional radiology and to determine the inner structure of a lesion, e.g. fatty tissue, liquid/solid. This paper highlights the advantages and disadvantages and the cost-effective use of the imaging modalities including scintigraphy in the diagnosis of bone tumors and tumor-like lesions. Guidelines for the management of bony lesions will be given in detail. The option and necessity for a specialist second opinion is emphasized. (orig.)

94

An osseous lesion in a 10-year-old boy with Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Osseous involvement of Hodgkin's lymphoma is uncommon. When osteolytic lesions are seen on imaging it is important to evaluate potential other causes. Case presentation We report the case of a 10-year-old Caucasian boy who presented to our facility with a bony lesion of the right clavicle and enlarged cervical lymph nodes. A simultaneous biopsy of the lymph node and of the osteolytic process of his right proximal clavicle was performed and ...

Moser Asher; Zudekov Vadiem; van den Akker Machiel; Kapelushnik Joseph

2011-01-01

95

Incidence of dehiscence of the bony roof of the superior semicircular canal by CT imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Dehiscence of the bony roof of the superior semicircular canal (SSCC) is rare, but it has been recognized by otologists since Minor et al first described superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS). In this study, dehiscence of the bony roof of SSCC was incidentally detected in three patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo out of 49 serial patients with vertigo and dizziness by multi-slice computed tomography. Although detection of dehiscence of the SSCC by ultra-high-resolution CT imaging of the temporal bones has been required for a diagnosis of SCDS, this study showed that dehiscence of the bony roof of the SSCC can be an incidental finding and therefore is not specific for SCDS. (author)

96

Association between condylar morphology and changes in bony microstructure and subsynovial inflammation in experimental temporomandibular joint arthritis.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Association between condylar morphology and changes in bony microstructure and subsynovial inflammation in experimental temporomandibular joint arthritis. 86. Congress of the European Orthodontic Society, Slovenien, 2010.

Kristensen, Kasper Dahl; Hauge, Ellen Margrethe

97

Melorheostosis of the hand with complicating bony spur formation and bursal inflammation: diagnosis and treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 37-year old woman presented with intolerable pain associated with a slowly growing mass on the dorsum of the right hand. The radiographs were characteristic of melorheostosis involving the third and fourth metacarpals, with a cortical bony projection extending from the base of the third metacarpal eroding slightly into the fourth metacarpal, associated with bursal formation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an inflamed bursal collection adjacent to the spur. This region corresponded to the patient's severe clinical, focal pain. To our knowledge, this is the first case report in which melorheostosis of the hand has been associated with bony spur formation and complicated by an inflamed bursa. (orig.)

98

Bony expansion in skeletal metastases from carcinoma of the prostate as seen by bone scintigraphy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Carcinoma of the prostate often metastasizes to the skeletal system, the usual radiologic pattern being widespread patchy areas of increased density without change in the contour of the involved bones. Radionuclide correlation generally shows multiple foci of increased tracer activity. Less commonly, there is bony sclerosis with expansion of the diameter of the involved bone. Several cases of expansile skeletal metastases from carcinoma of the prostate have appeared in the literature but we know of no published descriptions of the radionuclide findings. We present three patients with carcinoma of the prostate who had skeletal metastases with evidence of bony expansion on both roentgenographic and radionuclide examination. 15 references, 8 figures

99

Parasellar lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The sellar and parasellar region is an anatomically complex area that represents a crucial crossroad of important adjacent structures, e.g. orbits, cavernous sinus and its content, polygon of Willis, hypothalamus through the pituitary stalk and dural reflections forming the diaphragm sellae and the walls of the cavernous sinuses. Although the cavernous sinus represents the most relevant parasellar structure, from the practical and clinical point of view all the structures that surround the sella turcica can be included in the parasellar region. CT and, mainly, MRI are the imaging modalities to study and characterise the normal anatomy and the majority of processes in this region. We present a practical short review of the most relevant CT and MRI characteristics, such as location, nature of contrast enhancement and presence of cystic components, together with clinical findings, which permit differentiation of the most frequent and less common lesions found in the parasellar region. Learning objectives: A short review of the anatomy and clinical symptoms related to the parasellar region. Radiological characterisation, mainly by MRI, of the many lesions that alter the structure and function of sellar and parasellar anatomy. Description of the MRI features that permit differentiation among less common lesions. (orig.)

Ruscalleda, J. [Hospital Sant Pau, Radiology Department, Neuroradiology, Barcelona (Spain)

2005-03-01

100

MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE BONY PART OF THE EUSTACHIAN TUBE AND ITS CLINIC AND SURGICAL IMPORTANCE  

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Full Text Available The bony part of the Eustachian tube or protympanum was examined by theanatomic and histological methods on 200 temporal bones of the grownups. This partof the tube is on average 11,3 mm long, while its tympanic inlet is of 5,2 x 3,9 mm.The tube's lumen can be of irregular shape (45%, rectangular (35% and triangular(20%. The external wall of the protympanum makes a part of the tympanic bone. The medial wall is made up of two parts, namely, the posterolateral (labyrinth andanteromedial (carotid. In 2% of the cases, the bony wall above a. carotis is missing inthe internal one so that it projects itself into the tube's lumen. The medial part of thetube's upper part is made of the bony septum towards m. tensoris tympani while thelateral one represents a part of the tegment timpani. The lower wall of theprotympanum corresponds to the joint of its external and the internal walls; mostoften it is in the form of a shallow groove. The morphological variations in thestructure of the Eustachian tube's bony part are important in the formation of somepathological states of the middle ear as well as in the microsurgical interventions ofthis region.

Miodrag Dinic

2000-07-01

101

Condylar bony changes in patients with temporomandibular disorders: a CBCT study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Diagnosis of osteoarthritis most commonly depends on clinical and radiographic findings. The present study attempted to observe the bony changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) patients from all age groups. The first-visit clinical records and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data of 440 TMJs from 220 consecutive TMJ patients were reviewed retrospectively. The most frequent condylar bony change observed was sclerosis (133 joints, 30.2%) followed by surface erosion (129 joints, 29.3%), flattening of the articular surface (112 joints, 25.5%), and deviation in form (58 joints, 13.2%), which included 33 TMJs in a cane-shape, 16 with a lateral or medial pole depression, 6 with posterior condylar surface flattening, and 3 with a bifid-shaped condyle. Fifty-three joints (12.0%) showed hypoplastic condyles but only 1 joint showed hyperplasia. Osteophyte was found in 35 joints (8.0%) and subcortical cyst in 24 joints (5.5%), 5 of which had surface erosion as well. One hundred nineteen joints (27.0%) had only one kind of condylar bony change, 66 joints (15.0%) had two, 52 joints (11.8%) had three, 12 joints (5.0%) had four, and 6 joints (1.4%) had five kinds of condylar bony changes at the same time. Eighty-five (65.9%) of 129 joints with surface erosion had pain recorded at the chief complaint. With more widespread use of CBCT, more specific or detailed guidelines for osteoarthritis are needed.

Nah, Kyung Soo [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15

102

Effect of disc displacement on the bony change and disc configuration of TMJ  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of TMJ disc displacement on the TMJ disc configuration and surrounding osseous structure. The proton density and T2-weighted MR images of 57 TMJs were retrospectively studied. These TMJs were divided into three groups according to the anterior disc displacement status an MR sagittal images, those were the normal, anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADWR), anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADWOR). The frequency of disc configuration and surrounding bony change, the border status between articular disc and retrodiscal tissue were investigated according to the positional change of articular disc. There were significant statistical differences of chi-square of TMJ disc configurational type between normal and ADWR/ADWOR group, respectively. Surrounding bony change frequently appeared in ADWOR and a statistically significant difference of chi-square statistics of bony change frequency between normal and ADWOR group was observed. These results suggested that the disc configuration and bony change of TMJ are strongly related to TMJ disc displacement.

Kim, Jin Hoa; Lee, Wan; Lee, Byung Do [Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

2006-03-15

103

Effect of disc displacement on the bony change and disc configuration of TMJ  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of TMJ disc displacement on the TMJ disc configuration and surrounding osseous structure. The proton density and T2-weighted MR images of 57 TMJs were retrospectively studied. These TMJs were divided into three groups according to the anterior disc displacement status an MR sagittal images, those were the normal, anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADWR), anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADWOR). The frequency of disc configuration and surrounding bony change, the border status between articular disc and retrodiscal tissue were investigated according to the positional change of articular disc. There were significant statistical differences of chi-square of TMJ disc configurational type between normal and ADWR/ADWOR group, respectively. Surrounding bony change frequently appeared in ADWOR and a statistically significant difference of chi-square statistics of bony change frequency between normal and ADWOR group was observed. These results suggested that the disc configuration and bony change of TMJ are strongly related to TMJ disc displacement

104

Another CT sign of sinonasal polyposis: truncation of the bony middle turbinate  

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In order to study the features of sinonasal polyposis (SNP) on CT, 100 consecutive coronal sinus CT examinations done for chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease were reviewed. The CT findings of the 27 fully documented SNPs were analyzed. All our SNPs were bilateral. There was a strong tendency for extensive involvement. Nasal polyps were seen in 22 of 27(81 %); bony trabecular deossification in 23 of 27 (85 %); widening of infundibulum in 26 of 27(96 %). We discovered a new sign ``truncation of the bony middle turbinate``, where the bulbous part of bony middle turbinate was missing, in 15 of 26 (58 %) of SNP patients without a previous history of middle turbinectomy, 12 of 15(80 %) were bilateral. The one SNP patient (1 of 27) with previous middle turbinectomy was not regarded to be real truncation. Truncation of the bony middle turbinate is a characteristic and easily recognizable ancillary sign, and is not seen in other patterns of sinusitis. Together with other features on coronal sinus CT, this adds diagnostic confidence in diagnosing sinonasal polyposis. (orig.). With 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Liang, E.Y. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Lam, W.W.M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Woo, J.K.S. [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Hasselt, C.A. van [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Metreweli, C. [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong)

1996-08-01

105

Another CT sign of sinonasal polyposis: truncation of the bony middle turbinate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to study the features of sinonasal polyposis (SNP) on CT, 100 consecutive coronal sinus CT examinations done for chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease were reviewed. The CT findings of the 27 fully documented SNPs were analyzed. All our SNPs were bilateral. There was a strong tendency for extensive involvement. Nasal polyps were seen in 22 of 27(81 %); bony trabecular deossification in 23 of 27 (85 %); widening of infundibulum in 26 of 27(96 %). We discovered a new sign ''truncation of the bony middle turbinate'', where the bulbous part of bony middle turbinate was missing, in 15 of 26 (58 %) of SNP patients without a previous history of middle turbinectomy, 12 of 15(80 %) were bilateral. The one SNP patient (1 of 27) with previous middle turbinectomy was not regarded to be real truncation. Truncation of the bony middle turbinate is a characteristic and easily recognizable ancillary sign, and is not seen in other patterns of sinusitis. Together with other features on coronal sinus CT, this adds diagnostic confidence in diagnosing sinonasal polyposis. (orig.). With 4 figs., 2 tabs

106

Observation of maxillary sinus septa and bony bridges using dry skulls between Hellman's dental age of IA and IIIC.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maxillary sinus septa and bony bridges were observed using dry skulls in childhood, classified based on Hellman's dental age, to clarify maxillary sinus septum formation. Eighty-eight maxillary sinuses of 44 dry skulls and a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) unit were used. The locations of the septum, defined as a pointed bony structure originating from the inferior wall, and bony bridge, defined as a bony structure between the maxillary sinus wall and dental germ, were antero-posteriorly recorded, and the superoinferior distance, distance from the bony palate, and angle to the median palatine suture were measured. The rate of septum presence in the maxillary sinus was high (41.7%) in IIIC, and the septa were located in the deciduous molars, premolars, and molars. Also, all bony bridges were related to the median maxillary sinus wall, and the rate of the maxillary sinus showing a bony bridge was high in IIA and IIIA. Septum presence in the maxillary sinus was observed in IIA, IIC, IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC of Hellman's dental age. Also, bony bridges were observed in IC, IIA, IIC, IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC of Hellman's dental age. PMID:20882766

Naitoh, Munetaka; Suenaga, Yutaka; Gotoh, Kenichi; Ito, Masaki; Kondo, Shintaro; Ariji, Eiichiro

2010-08-01

107

First Record of Eocene Bony Fishes and Crocodyliforms from Canada’s Western Arctic  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Discovery of Eocene non-marine vertebrates, including crocodylians, turtles, bony fishes, and mammals in Canada’s High Arctic was a critical paleontological contribution of the last century because it indicated that this region of the Arctic had been mild, temperate, and ice-free during the early – middle Eocene (?53–50 Ma), despite being well above the Arctic Circle. To date, these discoveries have been restricted to Canada’s easternmost Arctic – Ellesmere and Axel Heiberg Islands (Nunavut). Although temporally correlative strata crop out over 1,000 km west, on Canada’s westernmost Arctic Island – Banks Island, Northwest Territories – they have been interpreted as predominantly marine. We document the first Eocene bony fish and crocodyliform fossils from Banks Island. Principal Findings We describe fossils of bony fishes, including lepisosteid (Atractosteus), esocid (pike), and amiid, and a crocodyliform, from lower – middle Eocene strata of the Cyclic Member, Eureka Sound Formation within Aulavik National Park (?76°N. paleolat.). Palynology suggests the sediments are late early to middle Eocene in age, and likely spanned the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum (EECO). Conclusions/Significance These fossils extend the geographic range of Eocene Arctic lepisosteids, esocids, amiids, and crocodyliforms west by approximately 40° of longitude or ?1100 km. The low diversity bony fish fauna, at least at the family level, is essentially identical on Ellesmere and Banks Islands, suggesting a pan-High Arctic bony fish fauna of relatively basal groups around the margin of the Eocene Arctic Ocean. From a paleoclimatic perspective, presence of a crocodyliform, gar and amiid fishes on northern Banks provides further evidence that mild, year-round temperatures extended across the Canadian Arctic during early – middle Eocene time. Additionally, the Banks Island crocodyliform is consistent with the phylogenetic hypothesis of a Paleogene divergence time between the two extant alligatorid lineages Alligator mississippiensis and A. sinensis, and high-latitude dispersal across Beringia. PMID:24788829

Eberle, Jaelyn J.; Gottfried, Michael D.; Hutchison, J. Howard; Brochu, Christopher A.

2014-01-01

108

Comparison of megavoltage position verification for prostate irradiation based on bony anatomy and implanted fiducials  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The patient position during radiotherapy treatment of prostate cancer can be verified with the help of portal images acquired during treatment. In this study we quantify the clinical consequences of the use of image-based verification based on the bony anatomy and the prostate target itself. Patients and methods: We analysed 2025 portal images and 23 computed tomography (CT) scans from 23 patients with prostate cancer. In all patients gold markers were implanted prior to CT scanning. Statistical data for both random and systematic errors were calculated for displacements of bones and markers and we investigated the effectiveness of an off-line correction protocol. Results: Standard deviations for systematic marker displacement are 2.4 mm in the lateral (LR) direction, 4.4 mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction and 3.7 mm in the caudal-cranial direction (CC). Application of off-line position verification based on the marker positions results in a shrinkage of the systematic error to well below 1 mm. Position verification based on the bony anatomy reduces the systematic target uncertainty to 50% in the AP direction and in the LR direction. No reduction was observed in the CC direction. For six out of 23 patients we found an increase of the systematic error after application of bony anatomy-based position verification. Conclusions: We show that even if correction based on the bony anatomy is applied, considerable margins have to be set to account for organ rgins have to be set to account for organ motion. Our study highlights that for individual patients the systematic error can increase after application of bony anatomy-based position verification, whereas the population standard deviation will decrease. Off-line target-based position verification effectively reduces the systematic error to well below 1 mm, thus enabling significant margin reduction

109

PET/MR imaging of bone lesions - implications for PET quantification from imperfect attenuation correction  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Accurate attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative analysis of PET tracer distribution. In MR, the lack of cortical bone signal makes bone segmentation difficult and may require implementation of special sequences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the need for accurate bone segmentation in MR-based AC for whole-body PET/MR imaging. In 22 patients undergoing sequential PET/CT and 3-T MR imaging, modified CT AC maps were produced by replacing pixels with values of >100 HU, representing mostly bone structures, by pixels with a constant value of 36 HU corresponding to soft tissue, thereby simulating current MR-derived AC maps. A total of 141 FDG-positive osseous lesions and 50 soft-tissue lesions adjacent to bones were evaluated. The mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) was measured in each lesion in PET images reconstructed once using the standard AC maps and once using the modified AC maps. Subsequently, the errors in lesion tracer uptake for the modified PET images were calculated using the standard PET image as a reference. Substitution of bone by soft tissue values in AC maps resulted in an underestimation of tracer uptake in osseous and soft tissue lesions adjacent to bones of 11.2 {+-} 5.4 % (range 1.5-30.8 %) and 3.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 0.2-4 %), respectively. Analysis of the spine and pelvic osseous lesions revealed a substantial dependence of the error on lesion composition. For predominantly sclerotic spine lesions, the mean underestimation was 15.9 {+-} 3.4 % (range 9.9-23.5 %) and for osteolytic spine lesions, 7.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 4.9-9.3 %), respectively. CT data simulating treating bone as soft tissue as is currently done in MR maps for PET AC leads to a substantial underestimation of tracer uptake in bone lesions and depends on lesion composition, the largest error being seen in sclerotic lesions. Therefore, depiction of cortical bone and other calcified areas in MR AC maps is necessary for accurate quantification of tracer uptake values in PET/MR imaging. (orig.)

Samarin, Andrei [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); University Hospital Zurich, Nuclear Medicine, Zurich (Switzerland); Burger, Cyrill; Crook, David W.; Burger, Irene A.; Schmid, Daniel T.; Schulthess, Gustav K. von; Kuhn, Felix P. [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Wollenweber, Scott D. [GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI (United States)

2012-07-15

110

Evidence for the formation of a quinone methide during the oxidation of the insect cuticular sclerotizing precursor 1,2-dehydro-N-acetyldopamine.  

Science.gov (United States)

1,2-Dehydro-N-acetyldopamine (dehydro-NADA) is an important catecholamine derivative involved in the cross-linking of insect cuticular components during sclerotization. Since sclerotization is a vital process for the survival of insects, and is closely related to melanogenesis, it is of interest to unravel the chemical mechanisms participating in this process. The present paper reports on the mechanism by which dehydro-NADA is oxidatively activated to form reactive intermediate(s) as revealed by pulse radiolysis, electron spin resonance spectroscopy, high performance liquid chromatography, and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic analysis. Pulse radiolytic one-electron oxidation of dehydro-NADA by N3. (k = 5.3 x 10(9) M-1 s-1) or Br2.- (k = 7.5 x 10(8) M-1 s-1) at pH6 resulted in the rapid generation of the corresponding semiquinone radical, lambda max 400 nm, epsilon = 20,700 M-1 cm-1. This semiquinone decayed to form a second transient intermediate, lambda max 485 nm, epsilon = 8000 M-1 cm-1, via a second order disproportionation process, k = 6.2 x 10(8) M-1 s-1. At pH 6 in the presence of azide, the first order decay of this second intermediate occurred over milliseconds; the rate decreases at higher pH. At pH 6 in the presence of bromide, the intermediate decayed much more slowly over seconds, k = 0.15 s-1. Under such conditions, the dependence of the first order decay constant upon parent dehydro-NADA concentration led to a second order rate constant of 8.5 x 10(2) M-1 s-1 for reaction of the intermediate with the parent, probably to form benzodioxan "dimers." (The term dimer is used for convenience; the products are strictly bisdehydrodimers of dehydro-NADA (see "Discussion" and Fig. 11)) Rate constants of 5.9 x 10(5), 4.5 x 10(5), 2.8 x 10(4) and 3.5 x 10(4) M-1 s-1 were also obtained for decay of the second intermediate in the presence of cysteine, cysteamine, o-phenylenediamine, and p-aminophenol, respectively. By comparison with the UV-visible spectroscopic properties of the two-electron oxidized species derived from dehydro-NADA and from 1,2-dehydro-N-acetyldopa methyl ester, it is concluded that the transient intermediate exhibiting absorbance at 485 nm is the quinone methide tautomer of the o-quinone of dehydro-NADA. Sclerotization of insect cuticle is discussed in the light of these findings. PMID:1316899

Sugumaran, M; Semensi, V; Kalyanaraman, B; Bruce, J M; Land, E J

1992-05-25

111

Prostate position relative to pelvic bony anatomy based on intraprostatic gold markers and electronic portal imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To describe the relative positions and motions of the prostate, pelvic bony anatomy, and intraprostatic gold fiducial markers during daily electronic portal localization of the prostate. Methods and Materials: Twenty prostate cancer patients were treated supine with definitive external radiotherapy according to an on-line target localization protocol using three or four intraprostatic gold fiducial markers and an electronic portal imaging device. Daily pretherapy and through-treatment electronic portal images (EPIs) were obtained for each of four treatment fields. The patients' pelvic bony anatomy, intraprostatic gold markers, and a best visual match to the target (i.e., prostate) were identified on simulation digitally reconstructed radiographs and during daily treatment setup and delivery. These data provided quantitative inter- and intrafractional analysis of prostate motion, its position relative to the bony anatomy, and the individual intraprostatic fiducial markers. Treatment planning margins, with and without on-line localization, were subsequently compared. Results: A total of 22,266 data points were obtained from daily pretherapy and through-treatment EPIs. The pretherapy three-dimensional (3D) average displacement of the fiducial markers, as a surrogate for the prostate, was 5.6 mm, which improved to 2.8 mm after use of the localization protocol. The bony anatomy 3D average displacement was 4.4 mm both before and after localization to the prostate (e and after localization to the prostate (p = 0.46). Along the superior-inferior (SI), anterior-posterior (AP), and right-left (RL) axes, the average prostate displacement improved from 2.5, 3.7, and 1.9 mm, respectively, before localization to 1.4, 1.6, and 1.1 mm after (all p < 0.001). The pretherapy to through-treatment position of the bony landmarks worsened from 1.7 to 2.5 mm (p < 0.001) in the SI axis, remained statistically unchanged at 2.8 mm (p = 0.39) in the AP axis, and improved from 2.0 to 1.2 mm in the RL axis (p < 0.001). There was no significant intrafractional displacement of prostate position or bony anatomic landmarks. An intermarker distance was identified for all fiducial markers, and 96 were followed daily. Seventy-nine percent had a standard deviation of <1 mm, and 96% were <1.5 mm. Margins were 5.1, 7.3, and 5.0 mm in the SI, AP, and RL axes, respectively, before localization and 2.7, 2.9, and 2.8 mm after localization. Conclusions: Significant interfractional motion exists for patients' prostate and pelvic bony anatomy. However, these move independently, so the pelvic bony anatomy should not be used as a surrogate for prostate motion. Fiducial markers are stable within the prostate and allow significant margin reduction when used for on-line localization of the prostate

112

Valor predicts the thyroid hormones in the evolution the transplant bony marrow  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work you values the valor I predict the thyroid hormones in the bony marrow transplant evolution as factors the metabolisms oxidative and the synthesis albumins. The patients received conditioning treatments to the transplant and in the postoperational. The received radiations were 1000 cGy lateral cube, with blocking lung, to those that were subjected 3 sessions irradiation, they are practiced a transplant marrow allogeneic

113

Treatment of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer by Samarium 153 (Quadramet)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: SUMMARY. Introduction: Despite of the progress realized in the treatment of prostatic cancer, the appearance of bony metastasis had limited considerably the life expectancy. In that case, pain is the most important symptom to consider because of its most frequency and the most difficult to manage. Its management needs a multidisciplinary approach with the objective of improving patients' life quality. Aim: The objective of the study was to evaluate the interest of metabolic radiotherapy to 153Samarium-EDTMP, for the pain treatment of bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. Material and method: This was a multicentric study where data were collected retrospectively lasting 40 months. The study was conducted in three departments of nuclear medicine: Institute Salah Azaiez, the center 'CERU', and military hospital of Tunis. Forty five patients with painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer had been enrolled in the study. Efficacy and factors influencing treatment response had been assessed as well as toxicity and the cause of failures. Results: Positive response was obtained in 92.1% of cases and response was completed in 36.5% of cases. Results obtained after multiple administrations of treatment, showed that the cures could be repeated and could have results comparable to the first cure. The efficacy of our treatment is at least equivalent to the one obtained by the other methods of treatment, with very rare adverse events. The only toxicity was a e adverse events. The only toxicity was a hematological disorder that is usually moderated and reversible as well with complete recovery in around 8 weeks. Conclusion: Our results supported the efficacy of 'Samarium 153-EDTMP' in the management of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. (author)

114

Study of bony trabecular characteristics using bone morphometry and micro-CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research was done to investigate the effectiveness of 2D bony morphometry and microstructure of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) on the osteoporotic bony change. We performed the bone morphometric analysis of proximal femur in ovariectomized rabbits with BMD and micro-CT examination. Twenty-one female (Newzeland, about 16 weeks old, 2.9-3.4 kg) rabbits were used. Three rabbits were sacrificed on the day when experiment began (Basline). The remaining 18 rabbits were divided into two groups. One group was ovariectomized bilaterally (OVX) and the other animals were subjected to sham operation (Sham). Bone specimens were obtained from the right and left femur of sacrificed rabbits. At intervals of 1,2,3,5,6 months respectively, BMD tests were performed on the proximal on the proximal femur by using PIXImus 2 (GE Lunar Co. USA), 2-dimensional bone morphometric analysis by custom computer program and 2D / 3D bone structure analysis by micro-CT (Skyscan1072, Antwerpen, Belgium). Statistical analysis was carried out for the correlation between bone morphometry, micro-CT and BMD. BV/TV, Tb.Th, Tb.N of micro-CT parameters showed higher values in sham group than OVX group. N.Nd/Ar.RI, N.NdNd, N.NdTm, N. TmTm, PmB/Ar.RI, 3-D BoxSlope of 2D morphometric parameters showed higher values in Sham group than OVX group. The micro-CT parameters of Tb.Sp. Tb.N were statistically significant correlated with BMD respectively. Several 2D morphometric parameters were statistically sighometric parameters were statistically significant correlated with BMD respectively. Several parameters of 2D bony morphometry and micro-CT showed effective aspects on the osteoporotic bony change

115

100-million-year dynasty of giant planktivorous bony fishes in the Mesozoic seas.  

OpenAIRE

Large-bodied suspension feeders (planktivores), which include the most massive animals to have ever lived, are conspicuously absent from Mesozoic marine environments. The only clear representatives of this trophic guild in the Mesozoic have been an enigmatic and apparently short-lived Jurassic group of extinct pachycormid fishes. Here, we report several new examples of these giant bony fishes from Asia, Europe, and North America. These fossils provide the first detailed anatomical information...

Friedman, M.; Shimada, K.; Martin, Ld; Everhart, Mj; Liston, J.; Maltese, A.; Triebold, M.

2010-01-01

116

Knee joint secondary motion accuracy improved by quaternion-based optimizer with bony landmark constraints.  

Science.gov (United States)

Skin marker-based motion analysis has been widely used in biomechanical studies and clinical applications. Unfortunately, the accuracy of knee joint secondary motions is largely limited by the nonrigidity nature of human body segments. Numerous studies have investigated the characteristics of soft tissue movement. Utilizing these characteristics, we may improve the accuracy of knee joint motion measurement. An optimizer was developed by incorporating the soft tissue movement patterns at special bony landmarks into constraint functions. Bony landmark constraints were assigned to the skin markers at femur epicondyles, tibial plateau edges, and tibial tuberosity in a motion analysis algorithm by limiting their allowed position space relative to the underlying bone. The rotation matrix was represented by quaternion, and the constrained optimization problem was solved by Fletcher's version of the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization technique. The algorithm was validated by using motion data from both skin-based markers and bone-mounted markers attached to fresh cadavers. By comparing the results with the ground truth bone motion generated from the bone-mounted markers, the new algorithm had a significantly higher accuracy (root-mean-square (RMS) error: 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in axial rotation and 0.4 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus) in estimating the knee joint secondary rotations than algorithms without bony landmark constraints (RMS error: 1.7 ± 0.4 deg in axial rotation and 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus). Also, it predicts a more accurate medial-lateral translation (RMS error: 0.4 ± 0.1 mm) than the conventional techniques (RMS error: 1.2 ± 0.2 mm). The new algorithm, using bony landmark constrains, estimates more accurate secondary rotations and medial-lateral translation of the underlying bone. PMID:21142329

Wang, Hongsheng; Zheng, Naiqaun Nigel

2010-12-01

117

Phylogenetic studies of complete mitochondrial DNA molecules place cartilaginous fishes within the tree of bony fishes.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is commonly acknowledged that cartilaginous fishes, Chondrichthyes, have a basal position among the Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates). In order to explore this relationship we have sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of the spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias, and included it in a phylogenetic analysis together with a number of bony fishes and amniotes. The phylogenetic reconstructions placed the dogfish among the bony fishes. Thus, and contrary to the common view, the analyses have shown that the position of the sharks is not basal among the gnathostomes. The presently recognized phylogenetic position of the dogfish was identified irrespective of the outgroup used, echinoderms or agnathan fishes. The lungfish was the most basal gnathostome fish, while the teleosteans had an apical position in the piscine tree. A basal position of the dogfish among the gnathostomes was statistically rejected, but the phylogenetic relationship among the coelacanth, spiny dogfish, and teleosts was not conclusively resolved. The findings challenge the current theory that sharks and other chondrichthyans, if monophyletic, are the sister group to all other extant gnathostomes. The results open to question the status of several morphological characters commonly used in piscine phylogenetic reconstruction, most notably the presence versus absence of endochondral bone in the endoskeleton, the macromeric versus micromeric structure of the exoskeleton, and the presence/absence of swimbladder and/or lung. The study also confirmed recent findings demonstrating that the origin of the amniotes is deeper than the diversification of extant bony fishes. PMID:9873084

Rasmussen, A S; Arnason, U

1999-01-01

118

Review of nomenclature revision of fibro-ossous lesions in the maxillofacial region  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fibro-osseous lesions are composed of connective tissue and varying amount of mineralized substances, which may be bony or cementum-like structures. It is necessary for oral radiologist to differentiate due to the tendency of these fibro-osseous lesions to show similar histopathologic appearances, while the management of each lesion is different. However we often encounter a little difficulty in judgement because there are some overlaps between concept of each lesions. So recently I suggest, we face a need to review basic concept and classification of several fibro-osseous jaw lesions. In this article, several fibro-osseous lesions, such as fibrous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma and cemento-osseous dysplasia, will be discussed basing on the review of literature. Particular emphasis will be made on the nomenclature revision of WHO's classification in 1992

119

Review of nomenclature revision of fibro-ossous lesions in the maxillofacial region  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fibro-osseous lesions are composed of connective tissue and varying amount of mineralized substances, which may be bony or cementum-like structures. It is necessary for oral radiologist to differentiate due to the tendency of these fibro-osseous lesions to show similar histopathologic appearances, while the management of each lesion is different. However we often encounter a little difficulty in judgement because there are some overlaps between concept of each lesions. So recently I suggest, we face a need to review basic concept and classification of several fibro-osseous jaw lesions. In this article, several fibro-osseous lesions, such as fibrous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma and cemento-osseous dysplasia, will be discussed basing on the review of literature. Particular emphasis will be made on the nomenclature revision of WHO's classification in 1992.

Lee, Byung Do [Wonkwang Univ. School of Dentistry, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

2007-03-15

120

Pre-transplantation risk factors to develop sclerotic chronic GvHD after allogeneic HSCT: A multicenter retrospective study from the Société Française de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC).  

Science.gov (United States)

Sclerotic chronic GvHD (cGvHD) is one of the most severe complications after allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Risk factors associated with this complication remain not very well defined. With the aim to define a pre-transplantation risk profile, we have conducted a French retrospective analysis in 705 consecutive patients between 2005 and 2010. Analyses to determine pre-transplantation risk factors included as variables: patient and donor age, kind of donor, HLA matching, ABO matching, sex-matching, diagnosis, stem cell source, gender, GvHD prophylaxis and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in the conditioning regimen. The cumulative incidence of sclerotic cGvHD was 18% (95% CI, 16.6-19.6) 3 years after onset of cGvHD. In univariate analysis, we found a significantly lower number of sclerotic cGvHD form in patients transplanted from cord blood cells (P=0.0021), in patients with a one mismatched donor (P=0.041) and in patients who had received ATG in the conditioning regimen (P=0.002). In multivariate analysis, factors associated with an increased risk of sclerotic cGvHD were young patient age, multiple myeloma and PBSC as the stem cell source. ATG in conditioning regimen and cord blood unit as the stem cell source were associated with a lower risk. PMID:25365068

Detrait, M Y; Morisset, S; Peffault de Latour, R; Yakoub-Agha, I; Crocchiolo, R; Tabrizi, R; Bay, J-O; Chevalier, P; Barraco, F; Raus, N; Vigouroux, S; Magro, L; Mohty, M; Milpied, N; Blaise, D; Socié, G; Michallet, M

2015-02-01

121

Effects of tricyclazole (5-methyl-1,2,4-triazol[3,4] benzothiazole), a specific DHN-melanin inhibitor, on the morphology of Fonsecaea pedrosoi conidia and sclerotic cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

The influence of tricyclazole (5-methyl-1,2,4-triazol[3,4]benzothiazole), a specific DHN-melanin inhibitor, on the cell walls and intracellular structures of Fonsecaea pedrosoi conidia and sclerotic cells was analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), deep-etching, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The treatment of the fungus with 16 microg mL(-1) of tricyclazole (TC) did not significantly affect fungal viability, but electron microscopy observations showed several important morphological differences between TC-treated and non-TC treated cells. Control sclerotic cells presented patched granules, with an average diameter of 47 nm, on the cell surface, which were absent in TC-treated cells. Also, TC-treated sclerotic cells showed an undulated relief. TC treatment leads to an accumulation of electron lucent vacuoles in the fungal cytoplasm of both conidia and sclerotic cells, and treated conidia observed by deep etching showed a relevant thickening of the fungal cell wall. Together, these observations support the previous data of our group that F. pedrosoi synthesizes melanin in intracellular organelles. In addition, we suggest that melanin is not only an extracellular constituent but could also be dispersing all over the cell walls and could have an effective role in cross-linking different cell wall compounds that help maintain the regular shape of the cell wall. PMID:16850396

Franzen, Anderson J; Cunha, Marcel M L; Batista, Evander J O; Seabra, Sergio H; De Souza, Wanderley; Rozental, Sonia

2006-09-01

122

Computed tomographic features of the bony canal of the cochlear nerve in pediatric patients with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diameters of the various bony canals of the inner ear in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and establish criteria for detecting hypoplasia of the bony canal of the cochlear nerve. Measurements obtained in 118 patients without inner ear malformations among 160 patients with unilateral SNHL were analyzed. The diameters of the internal auditory canal and the bony canals of the cochlear, vestibular, and facial nerves were measured on transverse or coronal computed tomographic images. Mean values (±standard deviation (SD)) were compared between the affected and unaffected ears, and statistical analysis was done. The diameter of the bony canal of the cochlear nerve was significantly smaller in affected ears than in unaffected ears (P<0.01). The affected ears could be divided into groups with (72 ears) and without (46 ears) bony canal stenosis. Most (60%) of the patients with unilateral SNHL showed a significant difference in the diameters of the bony canals of the cochlear nerve between the affected and unaffected sides; moreover, the mean value was significantly smaller in affected ears. The diameter of <1.7 mm on transverse images or <1.8 mm on coronal images suggests hypoplasia. (author)

123

Comparative study of notoungulate (Placentalia, Mammalia) bony labyrinths and new phylogenetically informative inner ear characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

The phylogenetic relationships of notoungulates, an extinct group of predominantly South American herbivores, remain poorly resolved with respect to both other placental mammals and among one another. Most previous phylogenetic analyses of notoungulates have not included characters of the internal cranium, not least because few such features, including the bony labyrinth, have been described for members of the group. Here we describe the inner ears of the notoungulates Altitypotherium chucalensis (Mesotheriidae), Pachyrukhos moyani (Hegetotheriidae) and Cochilius sp. (Interatheriidae) based on reconstructions of bony labyrinths obtained from computed tomography imagery. Comparisons of the bony labyrinths of these taxa with the basally diverging notoungulate Notostylops murinus (Notostylopidae), an isolated petrosal from Itaboraí, Brazil, referred to Notoungulata, and six therian outgroups, yielded an inner ear character matrix of 25 potentially phylogenetically informative characters, 14 of them novel to this study. Two equivocally optimized character states potentially support a pairing of Mesotheriidae and Hegetotheriidae, whereas four others may be diagnostic of Notoungulata. Three additional characters are potentially informative for diagnosing more inclusive clades: one for crown Placentalia; another for a clade containing Kulbeckia, Zalambdalestes, and Placentalia; and a third for Eutheria (crown Placentalia plus stem taxa). Several other characters are apomorphic for at least one notoungulate in our study and are of potential interest for broader taxonomic sampling within Notoungulata to clarify currently enigmatic interrelationships. Measures of the semicircular canals were used to infer agility (e.g. capable of quick movements vs. lethargic movements) of these taxa. Agility scores calculated from these data generally corroborate interpretations based on postcranial remains of these or closely related species. We provide estimates of the low-frequency hearing limits in notoungulates based on the ratio of radii of the apical and basal turns of the cochlea. These limits range from 15?Hz in Notostylops to 149?Hz in Pachyrukhos, values comparable to the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) when hearing in air, respectively. PMID:24102069

Macrini, Thomas E; Flynn, John J; Ni, Xijun; Croft, Darin A; Wyss, André R

2013-11-01

124

Bony fish bycatch in the southern Brazil pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) fishery  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão-rosa, captura grande quantidade de peixes, em sua maioria teleósteos, que são rejeitados por não possuírem valor comercial. A composição e abundância destes foram estudadas em uma área no litoral sudeste do Brasil. Registramos 91 espécies e observou-se que a [...] pesca incidental age principalmente sobre indivíduos jovens e ocorre durante o ano todo, produzindo um relação entre teleóteos e camarão de 10,5:1,0. Foram identificadas três ictiocenoses influenciadas pela sazonalidade das massas d'água, ocorrendo uma predominante associada a Água Costeira, outra associada a penetração da ACAS na plataforma e uma terceira com distribuição mais homogênea. O período mais crítico, para a captura da ictiofauna acompanhante, é o inicio do inverno devido a sobreposição de ictiocenoses e pico de recrutamento pesqueiro. Abstract in english Trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) catches also large quantities of fish, mostly bony fish, which are discarded, as they have no commercial value. Their composition and abundance were studied in an area that corresponded to the southeastern coastline of Brazil. [...] Ninety one species were registered. Incidental fishing affected mainly small individuals and occured throughout the year. The year round rate of bony fish to shrimp catches was 10,5:1,0. Three assemblages of bony fishes could be identified, influenced by the seasonal variation of the water masses, the predominant group being associated with the Coastal Water, another with the penetration of colder waters onto the platform (SACW) and a third group of a more homogenous distribution. The most critical period identified for the bycatch capture was the beginning of the winter, which was due to the overlapping of fish assemblages and the peak of fishing recruitment.

Marcelo, Vianna; Tabajara, Almeida.

2005-07-01

125

Evaluation of strontium-89 chloride for palliative treatment cases in bony metastases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the palliative treatment effect of strontium-89 chloride for bony metastases. Methods: In 255 cases with bone pain of multiple and diffuse metastases, 203 cases were identified primary cancer (68 lung carcinoma, 41 breast carcinoma, 28 prostate carcinoma, 15 rectal carcinoma, 7 nasopharyngeal carcinoma, 8 esophageal cancer and 36 other carcinoma), 52 cases were unknown primary cancer. The therapy dosage of strontium-89 chloride was 111 MBq (3mCi) for every single rejection. In 255 cases, 168 cases were injected with single injection, 31 cases with two times, 7 cases with third times, and 5 case with forth times, and 3 case with fifth times and 1 case with eighth times and ninth times respectively. The repeated interval was 3-6 months. Serial blood counts were checked monthly post-injection. Results: During the period of 2-52 month's follow-up in 255 patients, 34 cases presented dramatic decreased in bone pain (13.3 %), 173 cases showed some relief of bone pain (67.8 %), and 48 cases had no improvement in bone pain(18.8%). The number and the size of metastatic cancer nests decreased or vanished in 36 cases(36/96, 37.5%). The ratios of counts of ROIs in the metastatic lessions to counts of ROIs in normal counterparts after treatment decreased significantly (p<0.05). Pain relief usually began in 14 days and lasted up to 3-8 months. In few cases white blood count and platelets were decreased after injection, but all were among the normal range. Conc but all were among the normal range. Conclusion: In this group of 255 cases of painful bony metastases treated by strontium-89 chloride, effectiveness of pain relief was 81.2%, most of patients were decreased bony pain, the quality of life was improved. This palliative treatment showed no relevant hematological toxicity. (authors)

126

Local injection of substance P increases bony formation during mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Substance P is a neuropeptide that is distributed in those sensory nerve fibres that innervate the medullary tissues of bone. It is a potent accelerator of proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts in vitro. However, its capacity for promoting repair of mandibular defects is not known. We have investigated the osteogenic effects of local injections of substance P during mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rats. Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n = 10 in each): substance P 10(-7) mmol/l in normal saline 0.2ml was injected into the experimental group, and saline alone into the controls. The mandibular distraction rate was 0.2mm every 12hours for 10 days. Daily injections of substance P or saline were given during the distraction period. Regeneration of bone was assessed quantitatively on days 15 and 29 using microcomputed tomography (microCT), and histological analysis. The rate of bony union in the group treated with substance P was significantly higher than that in the saline alone group on day 29 (p=0.001) The microCT images and quantitation showed more callus and more mature cortical bone when substance P was given than with control. Histological examination showed that cartilaginous tissues had formed in the middle of the distraction gaps in both groups. Bony bridges were seen only in the substance P group at the final time point (day 29). Injection of substance P into the gap of a rat mandible during mandibular distraction improved formation of good-quality bone and accelerated bony union. PMID:25069690

Zhang, Ya-bo; Wang, Lei; Jia, Sen; Du, Zhao-jie; Zhao, Ying-hua; Liu, Yan-pu; Lei, De-lin

2014-10-01

127

Noma: report of a case resulting in bony ankylosis of the maxilla and mandible.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noma, or cancrum oris, has been described as a gangrenous infection of the soft and hard tissues of the oronasal region. Prior to the advent of antibiotics the disease was commonly fatal. Now many survive the acute phase of the disease and present the surgeon with formidable problems of repair. This is a report of a presumed case of noma that resulted in bony ankylosis of the maxilla and mandible. Three-dimensional shaded surface CT reconstruction images were especially useful in demonstrating the architecture of the abnormal bone. PMID:10578195

Deeb, G R; Yih, W Y; Merrill, R G; Lundeen, R C

1999-11-01

128

MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE BONY PART OF THE EUSTACHIAN TUBE AND ITS CLINIC AND SURGICAL IMPORTANCE  

OpenAIRE

The bony part of the Eustachian tube or protympanum was examined by theanatomic and histological methods on 200 temporal bones of the grownups. This partof the tube is on average 11,3 mm long, while its tympanic inlet is of 5,2 x 3,9 mm.The tube's lumen can be of irregular shape (45%), rectangular (35%) and triangular(20%). The external wall of the protympanum makes a part of the tympanic bone. The medial wall is made up of two parts, namely, the posterolateral (labyrinth) andanteromedial (ca...

Miodrag Dinic; Dragoslava Djeric

2000-01-01

129

Epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma in nasal cavity with bony destruction: A case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare tumor that commonly involves the salivary glands. EMC arising from the nasal cavity is one of the most unusual cases. We describe a case of a 48-year-old patient who is presented with bilateral nasal obstruction for several months. Multidetector computed tomography reveals expansile, well-defined, heterogeneous enhancing soft tissue masses filling the nasal cavity with bony destruction of hard palate and maxillary alveolar ridge. The carcinoma was histologically characterized by a mixture of trabecular structure with myoepithelial cells and ductal cells, which are confirmed by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry.

130

Distinct focal lesions of the femoral head: imaging features suggesting an atypical and minimal form of bone necrosis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Heading AbstractObjective. To document the imaging findings observed in patients with an unusual pattern of abnormality of the femoral head, most likely representing osteonecrosis.Design and patients. The imaging findings in 11 patients (10 men, 1 woman; age range 32-55 years) with a distinct lesion of the femoral head were reviewed with particular attention to the morphologic appearance, location, and extent of the lesion(s) in the proximal femur.Results. The 16 lesions identified in these patients extended to the subchondral area. Articular collapse was not evident in any hip. Radiography and CT showed areas of mixed bone sclerosis and osteolysis surrounded by sclerotic margins. On MR imaging, the signal intensity characteristics of the osseous lesion(s) were most commonly similar to those of fluid. Histopathologic findings, available in two hips, were typical of osteonecrosis. There was evidence of correlation of the site of the lesion with the known general distribution and anastomoses of arteries supplying the femoral head.Conclusion. A distinct, focal lesion of the femoral head is believed to represent an atypical form of bone necrosis. Its restriction to a small portion of the femoral head may relate to localized vascular anatomy. Recognition of the quite characteristic imaging findings can prevent misdiagnosis and may have implications for the prediction of the natural course of the disease. (orig.)

Theodorou, Daphne J. [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Department of Radiology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Department of Radiology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, California 92161 (United States); Theodorou, Stavroula J.; Resnick, Donald [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Department of Radiology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States); Haghighi, Parviz [Department of Pathology, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Diego, California (United States)

2002-08-01

131

Type 1 IFN-induced protein MxA and plasmacytoid dendritic cells in lesions of morphea.  

Science.gov (United States)

Morphea is an autoimmune sclerotic skin disease of unknown pathogenesis. As type 1 interferons (IFN) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis, we proposed that type 1 IFN promote localized inflammation and fibrosis in morphea. To investigate the expression of the type 1 IFN-inducible protein myxovirus A (MxA) and the presence of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) in lesions of morphea, lesional skin of 10 patients with morphea was examined by immunohistochemistry for the presence of the type 1 IFN-inducible protein, myxovirus A (MxA), and the pDC markers, CD123 and BDCA-2, and was compared with lesional skin of cutaneous lupus erythematosus, lichen planus and keloid. Lesional and non-lesional morphea skin was compared. MxA was expressed in the epidermis as well as the reticular dermis and subcutis in morphea. pDCs were abundant around vessels and between fibrous bundles. Non-lesional biopsies demonstrated little or no expression of MxA and pDC markers. Keloid showed minimal expression of MxA and pDC markers. We demonstrate the expression of type 1 IFN-related protein MxA and plasmacytoid DCs in lesional but not in non-lesional biopsies of morphea. These findings suggest a potential role for type 1 interferons in the pathogenesis of morphea. PMID:22507598

Ghoreishi, Mehran; Vera Kellet, Cristián; Dutz, Jan P

2012-06-01

132

Distinct focal lesions of the femoral head: imaging features suggesting an atypical and minimal form of bone necrosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Heading AbstractObjective. To document the imaging findings observed in patients with an unusual pattern of abnormality of the femoral head, most likely representing osteonecrosis.Design and patients. The imaging findings in 11 patients (10 men, 1 woman; age range 32-55 years) with a distinct lesion of the femoral head were reviewed with particular attention to the morphologic appearance, location, and extent of the lesion(s) in the proximal femur.Results. The 16 lesions identified in these patients extended to the subchondral area. Articular collapse was not evident in any hip. Radiography and CT showed areas of mixed bone sclerosis and osteolysis surrounded by sclerotic margins. On MR imaging, the signal intensity characteristics of the osseous lesion(s) were most commonly similar to those of fluid. Histopathologic findings, available in two hips, were typical of osteonecrosis. There was evidence of correlation of the site of the lesion with the known general distribution and anastomoses of arteries supplying the femoral head.Conclusion. A distinct, focal lesion of the femoral head is believed to represent an atypical form of bone necrosis. Its restriction to a small portion of the femoral head may relate to localized vascular anatomy. Recognition of the quite characteristic imaging findings can prevent misdiagnosis and may have implications for the prediction of the natural course of the disease. (orig.)

133

Bone Lesions and Damage  

Science.gov (United States)

... NOW Home » About Multiple Myeloma » Symptoms » Bone Damage Bone Lesions and Damage Bone lesions from multiple myeloma are the primary cause ... x-ray and are referred to as osteolytic lesions. These bone lesions weaken the bone, causing pain and increasing ...

134

Benign breast lesions: Ultrasound  

OpenAIRE

Benign breast diseases constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions arising in the mammary epithelium or in other mammary tissues, and they may also be linked to vascular, inflammatory or traumatic pathologies. Most lesions found in women consulting a physician are benign. Ultrasound (US) diagnostic criteria indicating a benign lesion are described as well as US findings in the most frequent benign breast lesions.

Masciadri, N.; Ferranti, C.

2011-01-01

135

The relationship of transverse sinus stenosis to bony groove dimensions provides an insight into the aetiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Transverse sinus tapered narrowings are frequently identified in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH); however, it remains unclear whether they are primary stenoses or whether they occur secondary to raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Computed tomographic venography demonstrates both the morphology of the venous system and the adjacent bony grooves so it may provide an insight into the aetiology of these transverse sinus stenoses. Tapered transverse sinus narrowings (>50%) were studied in 19 patients without IIH and 14 patients with IIH. Computed tomography vascular studies were reviewed and the dimensions of the venous sinuses and bony grooves at the sites of maximum and minimum transverse sinus area dimensions were recorded. There was demonstrated to be a strong correlation of bony groove height with venous sinus height at the largest portions of the transverse sinus in both IIH patients and non-IIH subjects as well as at the transverse sinus narrowing in non-IIH subjects. There was a discordant relationship between bony groove height and venous sinus height at the site of transverse sinus stenoses in IIH patients. In 5/23 IIH transverse sinus stenoses, the bony groove height was proportionate to that seen in non-IIH subjects. There were a further 8/23 cases where the small or absent sinus was associated with an absent bony groove. Transverse sinus tapered narrowings in subjects without IIH and in the majority of patients with IIH were associatajority of patients with IIH were associated with proportionately small or absent grooves, and these are postulated to be primary or fixed. Some patients with IIH demonstrate tapered transverse sinus stenoses with disproportionately large bony grooves, suggesting a secondary or acquired narrowing. This implies a varied aetiology for the transverse sinus stenoses of IIH. (orig.)

136

The relationship of transverse sinus stenosis to bony groove dimensions provides an insight into the aetiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Transverse sinus tapered narrowings are frequently identified in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH); however, it remains unclear whether they are primary stenoses or whether they occur secondary to raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Computed tomographic venography demonstrates both the morphology of the venous system and the adjacent bony grooves so it may provide an insight into the aetiology of these transverse sinus stenoses. Tapered transverse sinus narrowings (>50%) were studied in 19 patients without IIH and 14 patients with IIH. Computed tomography vascular studies were reviewed and the dimensions of the venous sinuses and bony grooves at the sites of maximum and minimum transverse sinus area dimensions were recorded. There was demonstrated to be a strong correlation of bony groove height with venous sinus height at the largest portions of the transverse sinus in both IIH patients and non-IIH subjects as well as at the transverse sinus narrowing in non-IIH subjects. There was a discordant relationship between bony groove height and venous sinus height at the site of transverse sinus stenoses in IIH patients. In 5/23 IIH transverse sinus stenoses, the bony groove height was proportionate to that seen in non-IIH subjects. There were a further 8/23 cases where the small or absent sinus was associated with an absent bony groove. Transverse sinus tapered narrowings in subjects without IIH and in the majority of patients with IIH were associated with proportionately small or absent grooves, and these are postulated to be primary or fixed. Some patients with IIH demonstrate tapered transverse sinus stenoses with disproportionately large bony grooves, suggesting a secondary or acquired narrowing. This implies a varied aetiology for the transverse sinus stenoses of IIH. (orig.)

Connor, S.E.J.; Stewart, V.R.; O' Flynn, E.A.M. [King' s College Hospital, Neuroradiology Department, Ruskin Wing, London (United Kingdom); Siddiqui, M.A. [Southern General Hospital, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Glasgow (United Kingdom)

2008-12-15

137

Linhas escleróticas metafisárias em crianças e adolescentes em uso de alendronato / Sclerotic metaphyseal lines in children and adolescents treated with alendronate  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Os bisfosfonatos inibem a reabsorção óssea pela interferência na ação dos osteoclastos. Dentre os efeitos adversos, as linhas escleróticas em metáfise de ossos longos são descritas como principal alteração radiográfica na faixa etária pediátrica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência de alteraç [...] ões radiográficas causadas pelo alendronato utilizado em crianças e adolescentes com baixa densidade óssea ou calcinose. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo do tipo coorte retrospectiva analisando-se prontuários de 21 pacientes que fizeram uso de alendronato semanal por no mínimo 10 meses. Os pacientes realizaram radiografias de ossos longos antes do início do alendronato e aproximadamente um ano após o seu uso. RESULTADOS: Onze pacientes (52,3%) apresentaram linhas escleróticas em metáfise dos ossos longos. A localização mais frequente foi em tíbia (8/11 pacientes), seguida de fêmur (7/11), úmero (6/11), rádio (4/11), ulna (3/11) e fíbula (2/11). Nenhum paciente apresentou regressão das alterações radiográficas durante o tempo de evolução (até 1,1 ano após a suspensão do alendronato). CONCLUSÃO: Se usado com critério, o alendronato é seguro e as alterações radiográficas não mostraram ter um significado mais importante. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Bisphosphonates inhibit bone resorption by interfering with the action of osteoclasts. Among the adverse effects, sclerotic lines observed in the metaphysis of long bones have been described as the main imaging finding in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of radi [...] ographic changes caused by alendronate in children and adolescents with low bone density or calcinosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 21 patients who were treated with once-weekly alendronate for at least 10 months. Patients underwent x-rays of long bones before the start of alendronate and approximately one year after its use. RESULTS: Eleven patients (52.3%) had sclerotic lines in the metaphysis of long bones. The most frequent site was the tibia (8/11 patients), followed by the femur (7/11), humerus (6/11), radius (4/11), ulna (3/11), and fibula (2/11). Regression of radiographic changes during the study period (up to 1.1 years after discontinuation of alendronate) was not observed. CONCLUSION: If used carefully, alendronate is safe and radiographic changes have not been shown to be clinically relevant.

Érika C.C., Silva; Maria Teresa R.A., Terreri; Tania C.M. de, Castro; Cássia P.L., Barbosa; Artur R.C., Fernandes; Maria Odete E., Hilário.

2010-06-01

138

Spinal metastatic lesion in cancer patients. Investigation based on statistical analysis by bone scintigrams  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a series of 2,216 cancer patients undergoing bone scintigraphy after diagnosis of the primary malignant tumor, 558 (25.2%) were found to have abnormal vertebral accumulation of radioactivity during the clinical course. Abnormal radioactivity in the vertebrae was frequently noted in patients with prostatic and renal cancer. The lumbar vertebrae were the most frequent sites but the cervical vertebrae were also affected with prostatic cancer, the thoracic vertebrae with lung and prostatic cancer, the lumbar vertebrae with breast and prostatic cancer and the sacral vertebrae with uterine cervical and prostatic cancer. Of the 558 patients with abnormal spinal radioactivity, 221 were examined by CT scan; the accumulated radioactivity was identified as a metastatic lesion in 170 patients (76.9%). Abnormal radioactivity was identified as a metastatic lesion most often in lung cancer patients. The CT-diagnosed metastases were classified into 3 types: sclerotic (51 patients, 30.0%), osteolytic (112, 65.9%), and mixed (46, 27.1%). The sclerotic type was relatively frequent in uterine cervical cancer, less frequent in lung cancer, and not seen in head and neck or renal cancer patients. The osteolytic type was relatively frequent in lung and renal cancer and less frequent in uterine cervical and prostatic cancer patients. Of the patients with CT-diagnosed vertebral metastasis, 87.3% survived for 3 months and 66.2% for 6 months after the detection of abnormal bone scintigraphy. detection of abnormal bone scintigraphy. Survival was shorter in patients with lung or gastrointestinal cancer than in those with other types of tumors. Since the pathology of vertebral metastasis of malignant tumors differs according to the primary lesion, the metastatic nature must be considered in the choice of treatment. (author)

139

[Cases of pediatric hearing impairment with bilateral stenosis of the bony cochlear nerve canal: bilateral stenosis of bony cochlear nerve canal].  

Science.gov (United States)

Cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) is diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by an absent or small cochlear nerve. A small or absent bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) detected with computed tomography (CT) has been also considered as CND. We reviewed five bilateral hearing impaired children with BCNC. All patients were born maturely at full-term birth. Two of them had undergone newborn hearing screening (NHS), one passed and the other was referred in only one ear. Among five children, only one had a small internal auditory canal (IAC) diagnosed with CT. Two children with intracranial abnormalities also had cochlear anomalies without a small IAC. Hearing aids showed some effectiveness in two patients with normal-sized IACs, and they could communicate with normal speech using hearing aids. One with a small-sized IAC was unable to communicate with speech using hearing aids. The efficacy of hearing aids in the other 2 patients has not been evaluated yet. We concluded that patients with small or absent BCNCs showed various audiometorical findings and clinical courses. PMID:23198572

Nakano, Atsuko; Arimoto, Yukiko; Matsunaga, Tatsuo; Kudo, Fumiyo

2012-09-01

140

Increase in sagittal depth of the bony nasopharynx following maxillary protraction in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective : To study the change in the sagittal depth of the bony nasopharynx in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), following maxillary protraction using reverse headgear. Methods : Nineteen patients (14 male, five female; aged 9.36 ± 2.89 years) with repaired complete UCLP underwent maxillary protraction with a Delaire type reverse headgear at a tertiary-care referral teaching hospital. Control data were taken from five patients (four male, one female; aged 8.25 ± 2.25 years) who did not receive any orthopedic/orthodontic treatment for a similar duration of time as the treated patients. Average treatment/observation period was 11.71 ± 3.39 months for the treated patients and 12.40 ± 2.60 months for the untreated subjects. Changes in the sagittal bony nasopharynx depth were measured by comparing pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment (T2) lateral cephalograms. Correlations between the changes in the bony nasopharynx depth and in other variables measured in the treated patients were analyzed. An exploratory analysis of differences in the changes from T1 to T2 between the treated patients and untreated subjects was also conducted. Results : The favorable skeletal changes seen in SNA and ANB following maxillary protraction were accompanied by a significant increase in the sagittal depth of bony nasopharynx (1.74 ± 1.10 mm; P < .001). This change was significant when compared with the data from the untreated subjects (P = .004). Correlations between the increase in bony nasopharynx depth and changes in other variables studied in the treated patients were weak and not statistically significant. Conclusion : Sagittal depth of the bony nasopharynx in patients with repaired UCLP increased following maxillary protraction therapy using reverse headgear. PMID:24134453

Singla, Sapna; Utreja, Ashok; Singh, Satinder Pal; Lou, Wendy; Suri, Sunjay

2014-09-01

141

Craniofacial fibroosseous lesions  

OpenAIRE

Fibroosseous lesions of the cranial and facial bones are usually benign and tend to grow slowly, yet act aggressively clinically. If not totally excised, recurrence is common in these locally destructive and deforming lesions. Degeneration into sarcoma has been reported in recurred lesions, as well. Diagnosis, classification and treatment of these lesions have exposed various difficulties in the past. Predilection sites are maxillae and mandibles. They are often seen in children and young adu...

Yalc?inkaya, Ulviye; Dog?anavs?argi?l, Bas?ak; Sezak, Murat; O?ztop, Fikri

2006-01-01

142

Example based lesion segmentation  

Science.gov (United States)

Automatic and accurate detection of white matter lesions is a significant step toward understanding the progression of many diseases, like Alzheimer's disease or multiple sclerosis. Multi-modal MR images are often used to segment T2 white matter lesions that can represent regions of demyelination or ischemia. Some automated lesion segmentation methods describe the lesion intensities using generative models, and then classify the lesions with some combination of heuristics and cost minimization. In contrast, we propose a patch-based method, in which lesions are found using examples from an atlas containing multi-modal MR images and corresponding manual delineations of lesions. Patches from subject MR images are matched to patches from the atlas and lesion memberships are found based on patch similarity weights. We experiment on 43 subjects with MS, whose scans show various levels of lesion-load. We demonstrate significant improvement in Dice coefficient and total lesion volume compared to a state of the art model-based lesion segmentation method, indicating more accurate delineation of lesions.

Roy, Snehashis; He, Qing; Carass, Aaron; Jog, Amod; Cuzzocreo, Jennifer L.; Reich, Daniel S.; Prince, Jerry; Pham, Dzung

2014-03-01

143

A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condding ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

144

A dose-response relationship for time to bone pain resolution after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bony metastases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background. To investigate the utility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of painful renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases, and for a possible dose effect on time to symptom relief. Material and methods. Eighteen patients with 24 painful osseous lesions from metastatic RCC were treated with SBRT. The most common treatment regimens were 24 Gy in 3 fractions and 40 Gy in 5 fractions. The times from treatment to first reported pain relief and time to symptom recurrence were evaluated. Median follow-up was 38 weeks (1-156 weeks). Results. Seventy-eight percent of all patients had pain relief. Patients treated with a BED > 85 Gy achieved faster and more durable pain relief compared to those treated with a BED < 85 Gy. There was decrease in time to pain relief after a change in treatment regimen to 8 Gy x 5 fractions (BED = 86). There was only one patient with grade 1 skin toxicity. No neurological or other toxicity was observed. Conclusions. SBRT can safely and effectively treat painful RCC bony metastases. There appears to be a relationship between radiation dose and time to stable pain relief.

Jhaveri, Pavan M. [Dept. of Radiology, Section of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (United States); Teh, Bin S.; Paulino, Arnold C.; Blanco, Angel I.; Butler, E. Brian [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital/The Methodist Hospital Research Inst., Houston (United States)], email: bteh@tmhs.org; Lo, Simon S. [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland (United States); Amato, Robert J. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Div. of Oncology, Univ. of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston (United States)

2012-05-15

145

Description of patients with bony tumors treated with prosthesis in reconstruction in the Servicio de Ortopedia at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia 2000-2006  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of prosthesis in reconstruction for the management of extensive tumor bone lesions. The study of six patients treated is performed at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia, who were treated for aggressive tumors in the period 2001-2006. Bony tumors are conceptualized, as well as fundamental aspects of cell biology in its development and the classification of the same. Also, relevant information is included with relation to the most frequent indications and possible treatments. In all six cases was placed the rescue prosthesis, four of them has been obtained excellent results. Limb amputation has been the only alternative until the decade of the 70 and survival rates with this treatment were 10 to 20% survival at 5 years. Today, with advances in chemotherapy and limb salvage prosthesis, patients without metastases at diagnosis have a survival of 65 to 75% at five years. The study has made it possible to simultaneously to analyze some aspects of care to these patients; such as: time of biopsy, time of diagnosis, time of initiation of chemotherapy and surgical intervention time. Through this study has concluded that when referring to a malignant tumor of bone is absolutely essential that the process of diagnosis and initiation of treatment of limb salvage surgery are addressed as soon as possible. Finally, some recommendations are raised to strengthen the treatment of malignant tumors in the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia. (author)deron Guardia. (author)

146

A dose-response relationship for time to bone pain resolution after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bony metastases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background. To investigate the utility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of painful renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases, and for a possible dose effect on time to symptom relief. Material and methods. Eighteen patients with 24 painful osseous lesions from metastatic RCC were treated with SBRT. The most common treatment regimens were 24 Gy in 3 fractions and 40 Gy in 5 fractions. The times from treatment to first reported pain relief and time to symptom recurrence were evaluated. Median follow-up was 38 weeks (1-156 weeks). Results. Seventy-eight percent of all patients had pain relief. Patients treated with a BED > 85 Gy achieved faster and more durable pain relief compared to those treated with a BED < 85 Gy. There was decrease in time to pain relief after a change in treatment regimen to 8 Gy x 5 fractions (BED = 86). There was only one patient with grade 1 skin toxicity. No neurological or other toxicity was observed. Conclusions. SBRT can safely and effectively treat painful RCC bony metastases. There appears to be a relationship between radiation dose and time to stable pain relief

147

Periodontal bone lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the course of life the periodontum is subject to changes which may be physiological or pathological. Intraoral radiographs give insight into the hard structures of the dentomaxillar region and provides information on lesions in the bone of the periodontum in that they show radiopacities and radiolucencies caused by such lesions. In this thesis the relation is investigated between the true shape and dimensions of periodontal bone lesions and their radiographic images. A method is developed and tested of making standardized and reproducible radiographs suitable for longitudinal studies of periodontal lesions. Also the possibility is demonstrated of an objective and reproducible interpretation of radiographic characteristics of periodontal bone lesions. (Auth.)

148

Tumefactive demyelinating lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We studied 21 cases of pathologically confirmed tumefactive demyelinating lesions and reviewed the spectrum of tumefactive demyelinating lesions in the literature. Radiological features and clinical data were reviewed to characterize the lesions as consistent with a known demyelinating disease, most notably multiple sclerosis. Atypical clinical or radiological features (other than tumefaction) were noted. Most lesions were part of a clinical and/or radiological picture consistent with multiple sclerosis. No case strongly suggestive of variants or related diseases, such as Schilder`s disease or Balo`s concentric sclerosis, were found. There was one case suggestive of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Features which help distinguish the lesions from tumour are discussed. (orig.)

Dagher, A.P. [Thomas Jefferson Univ. Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Div. of Neuroradiology; Smirniotopoulos, J. [Thomas Jefferson Univ. Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Div. of Neuroradiology]|[Armed Forces Inst. of Pathology, Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Radiological Pathology

1996-08-01

149

Tumefactive demyelinating lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We studied 21 cases of pathologically confirmed tumefactive demyelinating lesions and reviewed the spectrum of tumefactive demyelinating lesions in the literature. Radiological features and clinical data were reviewed to characterize the lesions as consistent with a known demyelinating disease, most notably multiple sclerosis. Atypical clinical or radiological features (other than tumefaction) were noted. Most lesions were part of a clinical and/or radiological picture consistent with multiple sclerosis. No case strongly suggestive of variants or related diseases, such as Schilder's disease or Balo's concentric sclerosis, were found. There was one case suggestive of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Features which help distinguish the lesions from tumour are discussed. (orig.)

150

Congenital lung lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Confusion, controversy, and uncertainty are all terms applicable to the diagnosis and management of congenital lung lesions both prenatally and postnatally. This review examines the current status of fetal diagnosis and treatment of these lesions; reviews the various classifications, including congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation/congenital pulmonary airway malformation, sequestrations, variants and hybrid lesions; discusses the risk of malignant transformation or misdiagnosis with pleuropulmonary blastoma; presents the arguments in favor and against resection of asymptomatic lesions, the timing of such resection, and the long-term pulmonary function after resection; and reviews the experience with thoracoscopic resection of congenital lung lesions. PMID:22682383

Puligandla, Pramod S; Laberge, Jean-Martin

2012-06-01

151

Chest wall lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chest wall lesions in childhood include a wide range of pathologies. Benign lesions include lipoma, neurofibroma, lymphangioma, haemangioma and mesenchymal hamartoma. Malignant lesions include neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewings sarcoma, Askin tumour and primitive neuroectodermal tumours. Manifestations of systemic diseases such as leukaemia, lymphoma, Langerhans cell histocytosis and infections such as tuberculosis and actinomycosis may also cause chest wall lesions. The imaging characteristics of the above are reviewed but only a minority of lesions show diagnostic imaging characteristics. Most lesions require biopsy and histopathological examination for definitive diagnosis. The role of different imaging modalities is discussed, with an emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging for demonstrating lesion morphology and local spread, with computed tomography and nuclear medicine being used mainly to assess remote disease. PMID:12457604

Watt, Andrew J B

2002-12-01

152

Target volume geometric change and/or deviation from the cranium during fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for brain metastases: potential pitfalls in image guidance based on bony anatomy alignment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study sought to evaluate the potential geometrical change and/or displacement of the target relative to the cranium during fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for treating newly developed brain metastases. For 16 patients with 21 lesions treated with image-guided frameless FSRT in 5 or 10 fractions using a 6-degree-of-freedom image guidance system-integrated platform, the unenhanced computed tomography or T2-weighted magnetic resonance images acquired until the completion of FSRT were fused to the planning image datasets for comparison. Significant change was defined as ?3-mm change in the tumour diameter or displacement of the tumour centroid. FSRT was started 1 day after planning image acquisition. Tumour shrinkage, deviation and both were observed in 2, 1 and 1 of the 21 lesions, respectively, over a period of 7–13 days. Tumour shrinkage or deviation resulted in an increase or decrease in the marginal dose to the tumour, respectively, and a substantial increase in the irradiated volume for the surrounding tissue irrespective of the pattern of alteration. No obvious differences in the clinical and treatment characteristics were noted among the populations with or without significant changes in tumour volume or position. Target deformity and/or deviation can unexpectedly occur even during relatively short-course FSRT, inevitably leading to a gradual discrepancy between the planned and actually delivered doses to the tumour and surrounding tissue. To appropriately weigh the treatment outcome against the planned dose distribution, target deformity and/or deviation should also be considered in addition to the immobilisation accuracy, as image guidance with bony anatomy alignment does not necessarily guarantee accurate target localisation until completion of FSRT.

153

Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-c [...] arious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE) combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI), Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL) and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE). In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05). Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05). After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

Evrim Eliguzeloglu, Dalkilic; Huma, Omurlu.

2012-04-01

154

Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-carious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI, Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE. In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05. Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05. After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05. CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

Evrim Eliguzeloglu Dalkilic

2012-04-01

155

Traumatic anterior hip dislocation associated with anterior and inferior iliac spines avulsions and a capsular–labral lesion  

OpenAIRE

A 16-year-old man had a traumatic accident during motor-cross racing and sustained an anterior hip dislocation with fracture of anterior superior and anterior inferior iliac spines. The hip was emergently reduced and further imaging was obtained to evaluate the lesion and bony fragments. Computed tomography confirmed the presence of two large fragments and a small fragment from the antero-inferior acetabulum. The patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation of the iliac spines and t...

Reggiori, A.; Brugo, G.

2008-01-01

156

Nutrient vessel canals. Differential diagnosis of zystoid carpal lesions on MRI?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To find and describe potential MRI criteria of nutrient vessel canals of carpal bones. Methods and material: 16 wrists of 13 patients with pain and radiographic depiction of cystic changes within the lunate were examined. The MRI protocol included coronal and sagittal T1- and T2-weighted SE sequences (4 mm slices, 120 FOV, 256x256 matrix) as well as coronal STIR images. Final diagnosis was confirmed by surgery (n=5) and follow up. 10 cadaveric ossa lunata were studied to describe size, number, location and shape of nutrient vessel canals. Results: Ganglion cysts (n=6) showed characteristic signs. In ulnar impaction syndrome (n=1) small cystic lesions in the lunate were surrounded by a sclerotic rim and located near the proximal ulnar surface. In Kienboeck's disease (n=3) cystic components were irregular and surrounded by bone marrow edema. Nutrient vessel canals (n=7) imaged as 1 to 3 small cystic lesions within the palmar or dorsal subchondral region. Conclusion: MRI can aid in differential diagnosis of cystic carpal lesions. Nutrient vessel canals may not be mistaken for pathologic cystic lesions. Carpal ganglion cysts show distinct diagnostic patterns. (orig.)

157

Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates; Utilizacao da tomografia computadorizada quantitativa como teste de resistencia para avaliacao de placas osseas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials. (author)

Melo Filho, E.V.; Costa, L.A.V.S.; Oliveira, D.C. [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Freitas, P.M.C. [Escola de Veterinaria - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Teixeira, M.W.; Costa, F.S. [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco - Recife, PE (Brazil)

2012-06-15

158

{sup 99m}Tc-HDP Bone Scintigraphy Finding of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Bone Lesion Changed from Hot to Cold Lesion: Comparing with {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 26-year-old man with renal cell carcinoma underwent {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy for detecting bony metastasis after left total nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed small hot lesion in the first lumbar spine. About 12 months later, he underwent spinal MRI for lower back pain. A large mass was seen around spinous process of the first lumbar spine (L1) on spinal MRI and confirmed as metastatic renal cell carcinoma by bone biopsy. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy and {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT were underwent for further evaluation. {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy showed cold lesion in the first lumbar spine which was initially hot and newly developed hot lesion in the twelfth thoracic spine, and which were shown as hypermetabolic lesions in {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT. We report a case of bony metastasis from renal cell carcinoma which is changed from hot lesion to cold lesion in {sup 99m}Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy and compare with {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT.

Seo, Young Duk; Kim, Seong Min; Kim, Kun Ho [Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2009-12-15

159

18F-FDG PET demonstrates previously unvisualised bony metastases in a lung cancer patient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: A 59-year-old male, presented to his local doctor with the trivial complaint of a persistent dry cough. On clinical examination he was found to have an enlarged right supraclavicular lymph node. He was investigated with chest X-ray, Computerised Tomography (CT) and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) of the palpable node CT showed a right lung mass, bulky hilar, mediastinal, supraclavicular and cervical lymph nodes FNAC was inconclusive due to an insufficient tissue sample, but suggestive of non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Hence excisional node biopsy was required which revealed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Subsequent CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis for staging revealed no distant involvement. Therefore radical radiotherapy was planned to treat the locally advanced disease. Prior to treatment a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan was organised by his specialist as a baseline study to monitor therapy progress. Non-Attenuation corrected images of the chest, abdomen and pelvis were obtained 40 minutes post administration of 394 MBq 18F-FDG, on a Siemens 951/3IR PET scanner. The images were reconstructed using both Filtered Back Projection (FBP) and Ordered Subsets-Expectation Maximization (OSEM) algorithms. The images revealed extensive metastases particularly in the spine and pelvis, besides the known locally advanced thoracic disease A 99mTc MDP bone scan and plain film radiographs aimed at confirming bony metastases were negatd at confirming bony metastases were negative, even though the bone scan noted a slight focus in the right fourth rib. The appearance suggested trauma, but a solitary bone metastasis could not be ruled out MRI of the spine confirmed the PET scan findings. Mr RD was to have curative radical radiotherapy, but after the PET results, it was decided to treat him palliatively. The value of 18F-FDG PET in staging some cancers such as NSCLC is widely accepted, in this case it was pivotal in altering the patient's management. Copyright (2002) The Australian and New Zealand Society of Nuclear Medicine Inc

160

Unusual retrorectal lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Retrorectal lesions are rare entities. We report the complete clinicopathological details of an unusual retrorectal lesion composed of low-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma and propose that this is a malignant change in pluripotent cells arising within a long-standing retrorectal tailgut lesion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of this malignancy in a retrorectal tailgut cyst. PMID:15140669

Kanthan, Selliah C; Kanthan, Rani

2004-04-01

161

Wyst?powanie grzybów w ontocenozie jamy ustnej a zmiany b?ony ?luzowej  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wst?p: W pracy na podstawie w?asnych bada? klinicznych przedstawiono gatunki grzybów wyst?puj?cych u osób z niektórymi zmianami w przyz?biu i b?onie ?luzowej. Materia? i metody: Badaniom poddano 196 pacjentów, u których wyizolowano szczepy grzybów. Dla wszystkich osób opracowano ankiet? zawieraj?c? dane badania podmiotowego i przedmiotowego. Wyniki: W?ród 196 osób u 22 rozpoznano gingMtis, u 31 - glossitis, u 27 - leukoplaki?, u 27 - periodontitis adults, a u 21 - periodontitis juvenilis, u 33 - stomatitis prothetica, a u 35 - stomatitis atrophica. Wykryte grzyby zakwalifikowano do 8 gatunków rodzaju Candida, a mianowicie: Candida albicans - 146 szczepów, Candida tropicalis - 18 (9,2%, Candida krusei - 10 (5,1%, Candida guilliermondii - 6 (3,1%, Candida parapsilosis - 3 (1,5%, Candida kefyr - 6 (3,1%, Candida famata - 5 (2,6%, Candida zeylanoides - 2 (1,0%. Wnioski: Stwierdzono zale?no?? statystycznie istotn? mi?dzy obecno?ci? grzybów a niektórymi objawami podmiotowymi i przedmiotowymi. Najwi?ksz? liczb? gatunków grzybów wykryto u osób z rozpoznaniem periodontitis juvenile.

Anna J. Kurnatowska

2003-12-01

162

An image-based method to automatically propagate bony landmarks: application to computational spine biomechanics.  

Science.gov (United States)

In attempts to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of spinal injuries and spinal deformities, several experimental and numerical studies have been conducted to understand the biomechanical behavior of the spine. However, numerical biomechanical studies suffer from uncertainties associated with hard- and soft-tissue anatomies. Currently, these parameters are identified manually on each mesh model prior to simulations. The determination of soft connective tissues on finite element meshes can be a tedious procedure, which limits the number of models used in the numerical studies to a few instances. In order to address these limitations, an image-based method for automatic morphing of soft connective tissues has been proposed. Results showed that the proposed method is capable to accurately determine the spatial locations of predetermined bony landmarks. The present method can be used to automatically generate patient-specific models, which may be helpful in designing studies involving a large number of instances and to understand the mechanical behavior of biomechanical structures across a given population. PMID:24960066

de Oliveira, Marcelo E; Netto, Luiz M G; Kistler, Michael; Brandenberger, Daniel; Büchler, Philippe; Hasler, Carol-C

2015-11-01

163

Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) in cartilaginous and bony fish tissues.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tissues from a range of fish were examined for the presence of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) to investigate PTHrP protein distribution and PTHrP gene expression in jawless fish, cartilaginous fish, and bony fish. Immunoreactive PTHrP was localized using antisera to N-terminal and mid-molecule regions of human PTHrP and PTHrP gene expression examined using a digoxigenin labeled riboprobe to a conserved region of the mammalian PTHrP gene. In all of the fish studied, PTHrP protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) were localized to the skin, kidney, and skeletal muscle, following the pattern seen in higher vertebrates. Additional sites of localization for both protein and mRNA included gill, nerve cord, and pituitary, as well as developing dermal denticles and rectal gland in the elasmobranch species. The sites of PTHrP distribution indicate that PTHrP may have roles in ionoregulation as well as growth and differentiation in fish, as has been suggested in higher vertebrates. The results imply that the distribution of PTHrP is widespread in fish and that there is homology between the PTHrP molecules found in humans and fish. The conservation of localization and possible similarity of the PTHrP molecules between tetrapods and fish suggests that PTHrP has a number of fundamental roles in vertebrates. J. Exp. Zool. 284:541-548, 1999. PMID:10469992

Trivett, M K; Officer, R A; Clement, J G; Walker, T I; Joss, J M; Ingleton, P M; Martin, T J; Danks, J A

1999-10-01

164

In vivo hip joint contact distribution and bony impingement in normal and dysplastic human hips.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our objectives were to clarify the 3D articular contact areas of the in vivo normal hip joint and acetabular dysplasia during specific positions using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), voxel-based registration, and proximity mapping. Forty-two normal and 24 dysplastic hips were examined. MRI was performed at four positions: neutral; 45° flexion; 15° extension; and the Patrick position. Femur and pelvis bone models were reconstructed at the neutral position and superimposed over the images of each different position using voxel-based registration. The inferred cartilage contact and bony impingement were investigated using proximity mapping. The femoral head translated in the anterior or posteroinferior, anterosuperior, and posteroinferior direction from neutral to 45° flexion, 15° extension, and the Patrick position, respectively. Multiple regression analyses showed age, femoral head sphericity, and acetabular sphericity to be associated with higher hip instability. The present technique using subject-specific models revealed the in vivo hip joint contact area in a population of healthy individuals and dysplastic patients without radioactive exposure. These results can be used for analyzing disease progression in the dysplastic hip and pathogenesis of acetabular labral tear. PMID:23804572

Akiyama, Keisuke; Sakai, Takashi; Koyanagi, Junichiro; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Sugamoto, Kazuomi

2013-10-01

165

Automated bony region identification using artificial neural networks: reliability and validation measurements  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective was to develop tools for automating the identification of bony structures, to assess the reliability of this technique against manual raters, and to validate the resulting regions of interest against physical surface scans obtained from the same specimen. Artificial intelligence-based algorithms have been used for image segmentation, specifically artificial neural networks (ANNs). For this study, an ANN was created and trained to identify the phalanges of the human hand. The relative overlap between the ANN and a manual tracer was 0.87, 0.82, and 0.76, for the proximal, middle, and distal index phalanx bones respectively. Compared with the physical surface scans, the ANN-generated surface representations differed on average by 0.35 mm, 0.29 mm, and 0.40 mm for the proximal, middle, and distal phalanges respectively. Furthermore, the ANN proved to segment the structures in less than one-tenth of the time required by a manual rater. The ANN has proven to be a reliable and valid means of segmenting the phalanx bones from CT images. Employing automated methods such as the ANN for segmentation, eliminates the likelihood of rater drift and inter-rater variability. Automated methods also decrease the amount of time and manual effort required to extract the data of interest, thereby making the feasibility of patient-specific modeling a reality. (orig.)

166

Bone lesion biopsy  

Science.gov (United States)

A bone lesion biopsy is the removal of a piece of bone or bone marrow for examination. ... The most common reasons for bone lesion biopsy are to tell the difference between cancerous and noncancerous bone tumors and to identify other bone problems. It may be ...

167

Reversible focal splenial lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Reversible focal lesions in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) have recently been reported.They are circumscribed and located in the median aspect of the SCC. On MRI, they are hyperintense on T2-W and iso-hypointense on T1-W sequences, with no contrast enhancement. On DWI, SCC lesions are hyperintense with low ADC values, reflecting restricted diffusion due to cytotoxic edema. The common element is the disappearance of imaging abnormalities with time, including normalization of DWI. Clinical improvement is often reported. The most established and frequent causes of reversible focal lesions of the SCC are viral encephalitis, antiepileptic drug toxicity/withdrawal and hypoglycemic encephalopathy. Many other causes have been reported, including traumatic axonal injury. The similar clinical and imaging features suggest a common mechanism induced by different pathological events leading to the same results. Edema and diffusion restriction in focal reversible lesions of the SCC have been attributed to excitotoxic mechanisms that can result from different mechanisms; no unifying relationship has been found to explain all the pathologies associated with SCC lesions. In our opinion, the similar imaging, clinical and prognostic aspects of these lesions depend on a high vulnerability of the SCC to excitotoxic edema and are less dependent on the underlying pathology. In this review, the relevant literature concerning reversible focal lesions in the SCC is analyzed and hypoal lesions in the SCC is analyzed and hypotheses about their pathogenesis are proposed. (orig.)

168

A Diphenol Oxidase Gene Is Part of a Cluster of Genes Involved in Catecholamine Metabolism and Sclerotization in Drosophila. II. Molecular Localization of the Dox-A2 Coding Region  

OpenAIRE

Mutations at the Dox-A2 (2-53.9) locus alter the A2 component of diphenol oxidase, an enzyme having an important role in cuticle formation. This locus is in the dopa decarboxylase, Df( 2L)TW130 region, which contains a cluster of at least 14 genes involved in catecholamine metabolism and the formation, sclerotization and melanization of cuticle in Drosophila. The region is subdivided by deficiencies, and localization of breakpoints in cloned DNA reveals a dense subcluster of six genes in the ...

Pentz, Ellen Steward; Wright, Theodore R. F.

1986-01-01

169

The effect of vitamin A supplementation on retinoic acid-related orphan receptor ?t (ROR?t) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) gene expression in Avonex-treated multiple sclerotic patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of vitamin A on ROR?t and IL-17 gene expression in multiple sclerotic patients. Patients in the vitamin A group received 25,000 IU retinyl palmitate per day, while patients in the placebo group took one capsule of placebo per day for 6 months. Gene expression was measured by real-time PCR at the first and end of the study. The results of this study show that vitamin A downregulates IL-17 and ROR?t gene expression. No changes in gene expression occurred in the placebo group. PMID:23868508

Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Niyaz; Harirchian, Mohammad Hossein; Koohdani, Fariba; Siassi, Feridoun; Abdolahi, Mina; Bitarafan, Sama; Salehi, Eisa; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Eshraghian, Mohammad Reza; Saboor-Yarghi, Ali Akbar

2013-11-01

170

MRI of degenerative bone marrow lesions in experimental osteoarthritis of canine knee joints  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the value of MRI in the detection of degenerative bone marrow abnormalities in an animal osteoarthritis model. Design. In 10 dogs with experimentally induced unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee, MRI was performed using two-dimensional spin-echo (2D-SE) and three-dimensional gradient-echo (3D-GE) imaging. Contrast enhanced T1-weighted 2D-SE sequences were also obtained after injection of gadolinium-DTPA. The results were compared with the gross and histopathologic findings and with radiography. Results. Histopathologic specimens revealed 21 osteosclerotic lesions and 5 intraosseous cysts. On 2D-SE images, 24 of 26 lesions were detected, while 21 of 26 lesions were identified on 2D-GE sequences. Radiography, including conventional tomography, demonstrated 9 of 26 lesions. Regardless of the sequence weighting, all osteosclerotic lesions appeared hypointense on MRI. Signal loss in bone sclerosis resulted primarily from the reduction of intact fat marrow, the increased bone density being of secondary importance. Quantitative signal analysis allowed approximate estimation of the grade of sclerosis. On postcontrast images, sclerotic bone remained hypointense, although significant but non-specific enhancement relative to the normal fat marrow was observed. The extent of contrast enhancement did not correlate with the grade of osteosclerosis. All five cysts were readily diagnosed by MRI. Cysts displayed either central od by MRI. Cysts displayed either central or marginal contrast enhancement within their cavities. Conclusions. MRI provides a sensitive method for the diagnosis of osteoarthritic bone abnormalities, allowing their differentiation from most non-degenerative subarticular lesions. (orig.). With 1 tab

171

Ancient earthen constructions and antiseismic dwellings: Boni's project after the earthquake of 13th January 1915 (Avezzano, Italy)  

OpenAIRE

After the earthquake of 13th January 1915, the archaeologist Giacomo Boni (1859-1925), inspired by ancient building techniques. proposed the reconstruction of Marsica and the Middle Liri Valley with earthen dwellings. With the cooperation of the Italian Ministry of Agriculture, he organized an exhibition where he collected samples of vegetal trellises which were an essential support to implement these techniques. Furthermore, he rebuilt two huts on the Palatine (Orti Farnesiani): one rectangu...

Beranger, E. M.

1995-01-01

172

Cortical tibial osteoperiosteal flap technique to achieve bony bridge in transtibial amputation: experience in nine adult patients  

OpenAIRE

Amputation, especially of the lower limbs, is a surgical procedure that gives excellent results when conducted under the appropriate conditions. In 1949 Ertl developed a technique for transtibial osteomyoplastic amputation which restored the intraosseous pressure through canal obliteration and expanded the area of terminal support through a bony bridge between the fibula and distal tibia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a modification of the original Ertl’s tec...

Mongon, Mauricio Leal; Piva, Felipe Alberto; Mistro Neto, Sylvio; Carvalho, Jose Andre; Belangero, William Dias; Livani, Bruno

2013-01-01

173

Intraosseous osteolytic lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Any pathological damage occurring in a bone will produce either an osteolytic or osteosclerotic lesion which can be seen in the macroscopic specimen as well as in the roentgenogram. Various bone lesions may lead to local destructions of the bone. An osteoma or osteoplastic osteosarcoma produces an osteosclerotic lesion showing a dense mass in the roentgenogram; a chondroblastoma or an osteoclastoma, on the other hand, induces an osteolytic focal lesion. This paper presents examples of different osteolytic lesions of the humerus. An osteolytic lesion seen in the roentgenogram may be either produced by an underlying non-ossifying fibroma of the bone, by fibrous dysplasia, osteomyelitis or Ewing's sarcoma. Differential diagnostic considerations based on the radiological picture include eosinophilic bone granuloma, juvenile or aneurysmal bone cyst, multiple myeloma or bone metastases. Serious differential diagnostic problems may be involved in case of osteolytic lesions occurring in the humerus. Cases of this type involving complications have been reported and include the presence of an teleangiectatic osteosarcoma as well as that of a hemangiosarcoma of the bone. (orig.)

174

Intraosseous osteolytic lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Any pathological damage occurring in a bone will produce either an osteolytic or osteosclerotic lesion which can be seen in the macroscopic specimen as well as in the roentgenogram. Various bone lesions may lead to local destructions of the bone. An osteoma or osteoplastic osteosarcoma produces an osteosclerotic lesion showing a dense mass in the roentgenogram; a chondroblastoma or an osteoclastoma, on the other hand, induces an osteolytic focal lesion. This paper presents examples of different osteolytic lesions of the humerus. An osteolytic lesion seen in the roentgenogram may be either produced by an underlying non-ossifying fibroma of the bone, by fibrous dysplasia, osteomyelitis or Ewing's sarcoma. Differential diagnostic considerations based on the radiological picture include eosinophilic bone granuloma, juvenile or aneurysmal bone cyst, multiple myeloma or bone metastases. Serious differential diagnostic problems may be involved in case of osteolytic lesions occurring in the humerus. Cases of this type involving complications have been reported and include the presence of an teleangiectatic osteosarcoma as well as that of a hemangiosarcoma of the bone.

Adler, C.P.; Wenz, W.

1981-10-01

175

Dieulafoy's lesion of esophagus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dieulafoy's lesion is a rare arterial malformation that can cause massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The lesion occurs most commonly in the proximal stomach. The esophagus is not a common location for this lesion. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who was admitted to our emergency unit with the findings of hematemesis and melena. Early upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examination revealed a Dieulafoy's lesion, which was located in the distal esophagus. Endoscopic band ligation stopped the bleeding successfully. The patient was discharged 3 days after the band ligation without any complications. Dieulafoy's lesion may cause severe, life-threatening bleeding. Endoscopic diagnosis can be difficult because of the small size and obscure location of the lesion. An abnormally dilated artery that penetrates through the mucosa constitutes the etiology. Endoscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of this pathology. Despite widespread awareness of this entity, it may present a real challenge for the endoscopist due to the small size and hidden location of the lesion. The endoscopic approach to occult gastrointestinal bleeding for the diagnosis of vascular malformations is accepted as a quick and safe diagnostic method. PMID:11961659

Ertekin, C; Barbaros, U; Taviloglu, K; Guloglu, R; Kasoglu, A

2002-01-01

176

Reversible focal splenial lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Reversible focal lesions in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) have recently been reported.They are circumscribed and located in the median aspect of the SCC. On MRI, they are hyperintense on T2-W and iso-hypointense on T1-W sequences, with no contrast enhancement. On DWI, SCC lesions are hyperintense with low ADC values, reflecting restricted diffusion due to cytotoxic edema. The common element is the disappearance of imaging abnormalities with time, including normalization of DWI. Clinical improvement is often reported. The most established and frequent causes of reversible focal lesions of the SCC are viral encephalitis, antiepileptic drug toxicity/withdrawal and hypoglycemic encephalopathy. Many other causes have been reported, including traumatic axonal injury. The similar clinical and imaging features suggest a common mechanism induced by different pathological events leading to the same results. Edema and diffusion restriction in focal reversible lesions of the SCC have been attributed to excitotoxic mechanisms that can result from different mechanisms; no unifying relationship has been found to explain all the pathologies associated with SCC lesions. In our opinion, the similar imaging, clinical and prognostic aspects of these lesions depend on a high vulnerability of the SCC to excitotoxic edema and are less dependent on the underlying pathology. In this review, the relevant literature concerning reversible focal lesions in the SCC is analyzed and hypotheses about their pathogenesis are proposed. (orig.)

Gallucci, Massimo; Limbucci, Nicola [University of L' Aquila, Department of Radiology, S. Salvatore Hospital, L' Aquila (Italy); Paonessa, Amalia [Loreto Nuovo Hospital, Department of Neuroradiology, Napoli (Italy); Caranci, Ferdinando [Federico II University, Department of Neurological Sciences, Napoli (Italy)

2007-07-15

177

Osteoporosis posmenopausia según densitometría ósea / Postmenopausal osteoporosis according to bony densitometry  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 146 mujeres, atendidas en la Consulta de Climaterio del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" de Santiago de Cuba, durante el 2010, con vistas a medir la pérdida de masa ósea en ellas. Los resultados mostraron como factores de ries [...] go predominantes: la ooforectomía bilateral antes de los 50 años, el cese de la menstruación antes de los 40 años y el bajo peso. La densitometría reveló que 45,9 % de las féminas padecía osteopenia y 35,6 %, osteoporosis, con alta significación de la relación entre el climaterio y los resultados densitométricos. Se concluyó que la osteoporosis es frecuente en esta etapa, por lo que debe ser diagnosticada precozmente, de modo que se asegure una terapia eficaz y mejore la calidad de vida. Abstract in english A descriptive and cross-sectional study in 146 women, assisted at the Climacteric Department in "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital from Santiago de Cuba was carried out during the 2010, with the objective of measuring the loss of bony mass in them. The results showed as predomi [...] nant risk factors: the bilateral oophorectomy before 50 years, the ceasing of menstruation before 40 years and low weight. The densitometry revealed that 45,9 % of the females suffered from osteopenia and 35,6 %, osteoporosis, with high significance of the relation between the climacteric and the densitometric results. It was concluded that osteoporosis is frequent in this stage, so that it should be early diagnosed, and an effective therapy be assured to improve life quality.

Dayana, Couto Núñez; Danilo, Nápoles Méndez; Isabel, Deulofeu Betancourt.

1765-17-01

178

Effect of low-power laser irradiation on bony implant sites.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to examine the effects of low-energy laser irradiation on osteocytes and bone resorption at bony implant sites. Five male baboons with a mean age of 6.5 years were used in the study. Four holes for accommodating implants were drilled in each iliac crest. Sites on the left side were irradiated with a 100 mW low-energy laser (690 nm) for 1 min (6 Joule) immediately after drilling and insertion of four sandblasted and etched (Frialit-2 Synchro) implants. Five days later, the bone was removed en bloc and was evaluated histomorphometrically. The mean osteocyte count per unit area was 109.8 cells in the irradiated group vs. 94.8 cells in the control group. As intra-individual cell counts varied substantially, osteocyte viability was used for evaluation. In the irradiated group, viable osteocytes were found in 41.7% of the lacuna vs. 34.4% in the non-irradiated group. This difference was statistically significant at P < 0.027. The total resorption area, eroded surface, was found to be 24.9% in the control group vs. 24.6% in the irradiated group. This difference was not statistically significant. This study showed that osteocyte viability was significantly higher in the samples that were subjected to laser irradiation immediately after implant site drilling and implant insertion, in comparison to control sites. This may have positive effects on the integration of implants. The bone resorption rate, in contrast, was not affected by laser irradiation. PMID:12010159

Dörtbudak, Orhun; Haas, Robert; Mailath-Pokorny, Georg

2002-06-01

179

Andersson Lesion in Ankylosing Spondylitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Andersson lesions are destructive foci that appear at the discovertebral junction in ankylosingspondylitis. We report three cases of ankylosing spondylitis with such lesions. These lesions simulatean infection and in our country, mimic spinal tuberculosis.

Manimegalai N, KrishnanKutty K, Panchapakesa Rajendran C, Rukmangatharajan S, Rajeswari S

2004-04-01

180

Diffuse cavitary lung lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An 11-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of progressively worsening cough, daily fevers, and weight loss. A chest radiograph revealed multiple cystic cavitary lung lesions. An extensive infectious work-up was negative. Chest CT verified multiple cavitary lung lesions bilaterally, and [F-18]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ({sup 18}F-FDG) positron emission tomography with CT (PET/CT) showed increased uptake in the lung lesions as well as regional lymph nodes. Subsequent biopsy of an involved lymph node confirmed classical Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis type. This case represents an unusual presentation for a child with Hodgkin lymphoma and demonstrates a role for {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in evaluating a child with cavitary lung lesions. (orig.)

Grunzke, Mindy; Garrington, Timothy [University of Colorado Denver, Department of Pediatrics, Aurora, CO (United States); The Children' s Hospital, Rick Wilson Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Aurora, CO (United States); Hayes, Kari [The Children' s Hospital, Pediatric Radiology, Aurora, CO (United States); Bourland, Wendy [Children' s Hospital at St. Francis, Warren Clinic, Inc., Tulsa, OK (United States)

2010-02-15

181

Lesiones deportivas Sports injuries  

OpenAIRE

El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las diferencias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000...

Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching; Santiago Patiño Giraldo; Elkín Arango V.; Mónica Paola Clavijo Rodríguez; Jorge Alberto Osorio Ciro

2007-01-01

182

Utilização da tomografia computadorizada quantitativa como teste de resistência para avaliação de placas ósseas / Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool f [...] or determining the resistance of these biomaterials.

E.V., Melo Filho; L.A.V.S., Costa; P.M.C, Freitas; D.C, Oliveira; M.W., Teixeira; F.S., Costa.

2012-06-01

183

Diagnostic value of apparent diffusion coefficients to differentiate benign from malignant vertebral bone marrow lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained in diffusion-weighted (DW) MR sequences for the differentiation between malignant and benign bone marrow lesions. Method: Forty-five patients with altered signal intensity vertebral bodies on conventional MR sequences were included. The cause of altered signal intensity was benign osteoporotic collapse in 16, acute neoplastic infiltration in 15, and infectious processes in 14; based on plain-film, CT, bone scintigraphy, conventional MR studies, biopsy or follow-up. All patients underwent isotropic DW MR images (multi-shot EPI, b values of 0 and 500 s/mm{sup 2}). Signal intensity at DW MR images was evaluated and ADC values were calculated and compared between malignancy, benign edema and infectious spondylitis. Results: Acute malignant fractures were hyperintense compared to normal vertebral bodies on the diffusion-weighted sequence, except in one patient with sclerotic metastases. Mean ADC value from benign edema (1.9 {+-} 0.39 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher than untreated metastasic lesions (0.9 {+-} 1.3 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s). Mean ADC value of infectious spondilytis (0.96 {+-} 0.49 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) was not statistically (p > 0.05) different from untreated metastasic lesions. ADC value was low (0.75 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) in one case of subacute benign fracture. Conclusions: ADC values are a useful complementary tool to characterize bone marrow lesions, in order to distinguish acute benign fractures from malignant or infectious bone lesions. However, ADC values are not valuable in order to differentiate malignancy from infection.

Balliu, E. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: eballiu@gmail.com; Vilanova, J.C. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, Clinica Girona, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: Kvilanova@comg.es; Pelaez, I. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: isapelaezrx@yahoo.es; Puig, J. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: jpuigalcantara@yahoo.es; Remollo, S. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: sremollo@gmail.com; Barcelo, C. [Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, University of Girona (Spain)], E-mail: carles.barcelo@udg.es; Barcelo, J. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, Clinica Girona, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: rmgirona@comg.es; Pedraza, S. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: sapedraza@gmail.com

2009-03-15

184

Permian-Triassic Osteichthyes (bony fishes): diversity dynamics and body size evolution.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Permian and Triassic were key time intervals in the history of life on Earth. Both periods are marked by a series of biotic crises including the most catastrophic of such events, the end-Permian mass extinction, which eventually led to a major turnover from typical Palaeozoic faunas and floras to those that are emblematic for the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Here we review patterns in Permian-Triassic bony fishes, a group whose evolutionary dynamics are understudied. Based on data from primary literature, we analyse changes in their taxonomic diversity and body size (as a proxy for trophic position) and explore their response to Permian-Triassic events. Diversity and body size are investigated separately for different groups of Osteichthyes (Dipnoi, Actinistia, 'Palaeopterygii', 'Subholostei', Holostei, Teleosteomorpha), within the marine and freshwater realms and on a global scale (total diversity) as well as across palaeolatitudinal belts. Diversity is also measured for different palaeogeographical provinces. Our results suggest a general trend from low osteichthyan diversity in the Permian to higher levels in the Triassic. Diversity dynamics in the Permian are marked by a decline in freshwater taxa during the Cisuralian. An extinction event during the end-Guadalupian crisis is not evident from our data, but 'palaeopterygians' experienced a significant body size increase across the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary and these fishes upheld their position as large, top predators from the Late Permian to the Late Triassic. Elevated turnover rates are documented at the Permian-Triassic boundary, and two distinct diversification events are noted in the wake of this biotic crisis, a first one during the Early Triassic (dipnoans, actinistians, 'palaeopterygians', 'subholosteans') and a second one during the Middle Triassic ('subholosteans', neopterygians). The origination of new, small taxa predominantly among these groups during the Middle Triassic event caused a significant reduction in osteichthyan body size. Neopterygii, the clade that encompasses the vast majority of extant fishes, underwent another diversification phase in the Late Triassic. The Triassic radiation of Osteichthyes, predominantly of Actinopterygii, which only occurred after severe extinctions among Chondrichthyes during the Middle-Late Permian, resulted in a profound change within global fish communities, from chondrichthyan-rich faunas of the Permo-Carboniferous to typical Mesozoic and Cenozoic associations dominated by actinopterygians. This turnover was not sudden but followed a stepwise pattern, with leaps during extinction events. PMID:25431138

Romano, Carlo; Koot, Martha B; Kogan, Ilja; Brayard, Arnaud; Minikh, Alla V; Brinkmann, Winand; Bucher, Hugo; Kriwet, Jürgen

2014-11-27

185

Detection of hypoplasia of bony cochlear nerve canal by virtual endoscopy: a pilot study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background: Dimensions of the bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) have been proposed as a potential diagnostic standard for hypoplasia of BCNC, but the standard remains inconsistent. We have previously found that a helix-like shape appears in normal BCNCs at VE images, whereas, the sign does not appear in some hypoplastic BCNCs. Purpose: To retrospectively examine the feasibility of computed tomographic (CT) virtual endoscopy (VE) in the evaluation of hypoplasia of BCNC on the basis of absence of a helix-like shape. Material and Methods: Twenty ears in 14 consecutive patients (mean age 5.5 years, range 1-15 years, 6 boys, 8 girls) diagnosed with hypoplasia of BCNC were included in this work. One hundred ears in 50 gender- and age-matched individuals (mean age 6.6 years, range 1-15 years, 29 boys, 21 girls) without inner ear disease and internal auditory canal (IAC) malformations served as controls. The presence or absence of a helix-like shape was evaluated by two independent reviewers. The value of VE for the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC was assessed with clinical results and routine radiologic evaluation as the reference standard. Inter-observer agreement was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were selected to test the diagnostic ability of the VE. Results: Absence of a helix-like shape was found in the cochlear area of 17 of 20 ears in patients with hypoplasia of BCNC but in none of the control subjects. Inter-observer agreement was substantial (? = 0.773). The diagnostic rates of absence of a helix-like shape for hypoplasia of BCNC in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 85%, 100%, and 98%, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups with respect to VE findings for absence of a helix-like shape (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The absence of a helix-like shape at VE images may be used as a potentially useful sign in the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC

Quan Yong; Wu Lebin; Gong Wuxian; Gong Ruozhen (Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong Univeristy, Jinan, Shandong (China)), email: grzh99@yahoo.com.cn; Zu Zushan (Dept. of Radiology, Wendeng Central Hospital, Weifang Medical College, Weihai (China))

2011-09-15

186

Detection of hypoplasia of bony cochlear nerve canal by virtual endoscopy: a pilot study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Dimensions of the bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) have been proposed as a potential diagnostic standard for hypoplasia of BCNC, but the standard remains inconsistent. We have previously found that a helix-like shape appears in normal BCNCs at VE images, whereas, the sign does not appear in some hypoplastic BCNCs. Purpose: To retrospectively examine the feasibility of computed tomographic (CT) virtual endoscopy (VE) in the evaluation of hypoplasia of BCNC on the basis of absence of a helix-like shape. Material and Methods: Twenty ears in 14 consecutive patients (mean age 5.5 years, range 1-15 years, 6 boys, 8 girls) diagnosed with hypoplasia of BCNC were included in this work. One hundred ears in 50 gender- and age-matched individuals (mean age 6.6 years, range 1-15 years, 29 boys, 21 girls) without inner ear disease and internal auditory canal (IAC) malformations served as controls. The presence or absence of a helix-like shape was evaluated by two independent reviewers. The value of VE for the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC was assessed with clinical results and routine radiologic evaluation as the reference standard. Inter-observer agreement was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were selected to test the diagnostic ability of the VE. Results: Absence of a helix-like shape was found in the cochlear area of 17 of 20 ears in patients with hypoplasia of BCNC but in none of the control subjects. Inter-observer agreement was substantial (? =er-observer agreement was substantial (? = 0.773). The diagnostic rates of absence of a helix-like shape for hypoplasia of BCNC in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 85%, 100%, and 98%, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups with respect to VE findings for absence of a helix-like shape (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The absence of a helix-like shape at VE images may be used as a potentially useful sign in the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC

187

Importance of MRI in the diagnosis of vertebral involvement in generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 9-year-old boy presented with the sudden onset of pleuritic chest pain and on CT was found to have a large pleural effusion, mediastinal fluid, splenic lesions and multiple apparently sclerotic vertebral bodies. Subsequent MRI showed that those vertebral bodies that appeared sclerotic were in fact normal, and the vertebral bodies initially interpreted as normal had an abnormal T1 and T2 hyperintense signal on MRI and were relatively lucent on CT. MRI also demonstrated abnormal heterogeneous T2 hyperintense paraspinal tissue and several multicystic soft tissue masses. Biopsy of two adjacent vertebral bodies, one relatively sclerotic and one lucent, demonstrated findings of bony remodeling without a specific diagnosis. Biopsy of an infiltrative mediastinal mass confirmed the diagnosis of generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis. MRI should be included in the assessment of vertebral involvement in this condition because CT and biopsy findings may be nonspecific. (orig.)

188

Importance of MRI in the diagnosis of vertebral involvement in generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 9-year-old boy presented with the sudden onset of pleuritic chest pain and on CT was found to have a large pleural effusion, mediastinal fluid, splenic lesions and multiple apparently sclerotic vertebral bodies. Subsequent MRI showed that those vertebral bodies that appeared sclerotic were in fact normal, and the vertebral bodies initially interpreted as normal had an abnormal T1 and T2 hyperintense signal on MRI and were relatively lucent on CT. MRI also demonstrated abnormal heterogeneous T2 hyperintense paraspinal tissue and several multicystic soft tissue masses. Biopsy of two adjacent vertebral bodies, one relatively sclerotic and one lucent, demonstrated findings of bony remodeling without a specific diagnosis. Biopsy of an infiltrative mediastinal mass confirmed the diagnosis of generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis. MRI should be included in the assessment of vertebral involvement in this condition because CT and biopsy findings may be nonspecific. PMID:24950879

Renjen, Pooja; Kovanlikaya, Arzu; Narula, Navneet; Brill, Paula W

2014-11-01

189

Importance of MRI in the diagnosis of vertebral involvement in generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 9-year-old boy presented with the sudden onset of pleuritic chest pain and on CT was found to have a large pleural effusion, mediastinal fluid, splenic lesions and multiple apparently sclerotic vertebral bodies. Subsequent MRI showed that those vertebral bodies that appeared sclerotic were in fact normal, and the vertebral bodies initially interpreted as normal had an abnormal T1 and T2 hyperintense signal on MRI and were relatively lucent on CT. MRI also demonstrated abnormal heterogeneous T2 hyperintense paraspinal tissue and several multicystic soft tissue masses. Biopsy of two adjacent vertebral bodies, one relatively sclerotic and one lucent, demonstrated findings of bony remodeling without a specific diagnosis. Biopsy of an infiltrative mediastinal mass confirmed the diagnosis of generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis. MRI should be included in the assessment of vertebral involvement in this condition because CT and biopsy findings may be nonspecific. (orig.)

Renjen, Pooja; Kovanlikaya, Arzu; Brill, Paula W. [New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Narula, Navneet [New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, Department of Pathology, New York, NY (United States)

2014-11-15

190

The platelet storage lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

The gradual loss of quality in stored platelets as measured collectively with various metabolic, functional, and morphologic in vitro assays is known as the platelet storage lesion. With the advent of pathogen reduction technologies and improved testing that can greatly reduce the risk for bacterial contamination, the platelet storage lesion is emerging as the main challenge to increasing the shelf life of platelet concentrates. This article discusses the contribution of platelet production methods to the storage lesion, long-established and newly developed methods used to determine platelet quality, and the significance for clinical transfusion outcome. Highlighted are the novel technologies applied to platelet storage including platelet additive solutions and pathogen inactivation. PMID:20513565

Devine, Dana V; Serrano, Katherine

2010-06-01

191

Distance-to-Agreement Investigation of Tomotherapy's Bony Anatomy-Based Autoregistration and Planning Target Volume Contour-Based Optimization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To compare Tomotherapy's megavoltage computed tomography bony anatomy autoregistration with the best achievable registration, assuming no deformation and perfect knowledge of planning target volume (PTV) location. Methods and Materials: Distance-to-agreement (DTA) of the PTV was determined by applying a rigid-body shift to the PTV region of interest of the prostate from its reference position, assuming no deformations. Planning target volume region of interest of the prostate was extracted from the patient archives. The reference position was set by the 6 degrees of freedom (dof)—x, y, z, roll, pitch, and yaw—optimization results from the previous study at this institution. The DTA and the compensating parameters were calculated by the shift of the PTV from the reference 6-dof to the 4-dof—x, y, z, and roll—optimization. In this study, the effectiveness of Tomotherapy's 4-dof bony anatomy–based autoregistration was compared with the idealized 4-dof PTV contour-based optimization. Results: The maximum DTA (maxDTA) of the bony anatomy-based autoregistration was 3.2 ± 1.9 mm, with the maximum value of 8.0 mm. The maxDTA of the contour-based optimization was 1.8 ± 1.3 mm, with the maximum value of 5.7 mm. Comparison of Pearson correlation of the compensating parameters between the 2 4-dof optimization algorithms shows that there is a small but statistically significant correlation in y and z (0.236 and 0.300, respectively), whereas there is very weak correlation in x and roll (0.062 and 0.025, respectively). Conclusions: We find that there is an average improvement of approximately 1 mm in terms of maxDTA on the PTV going from 4-dof bony anatomy-based autoregistration to the 4-dof contour-based optimization. Pearson correlation analysis of the 2 4-dof optimizations suggests that uncertainties due to deformation and inadequate resolution account for much of the compensating parameters, but pitch variation also makes a statistically significant contribution

192

Extensa metaplasia ósea endometrial y exitoso embarazo espontáneo post tratamiento / Bony metaplasia of the endometrium. Report of two cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english We report a 28 year old female consulting for infertility and a 26-year-old woman consulting for severe dysmenorrhea. In both patients a osseous metaplasia of the endometrium was found. Both patients were subjected to a hysteroscopic resection of the osseous material and both achieved spontaneous pr [...] egnancies and term deliveries following the procedures. If the bony material is removed, normal pregnancies and deliveries are feasible afterwards, no matter how extensive is the the osseus metaplasia.

ALEJANDRO, MANZUR Y; SERGIO, VARELA C.

1004-10-01

193

Ranking of CT and MR in diagnostics of bony sequestra. Wertigkeit von Computertomographie und Kernspintomographie in der Diagnostik von Knochensequestern  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Conventional radiographs of 45 patienst with chronic osteomyelitis, mostly of posttraumatic origin, were compared with computed tomography (CT) and operative findings. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging (MR2) was performed in 6 of these patients. In 28 patients (65%) bony sequestra were identified and in most cases histologically confirmed by surgical exploration. CT proved to be the method of choice for the preoperative diagnosis of sequestra in patients with chronic osteomyelitis. MRI advantage appears to be a more detailed and accurate imaging of the extent of the intraor extraosseous inflammation, thereby facilitating surgical planning. (orig.)

Maeurer, J. (Abt. Roentgendiagnostik 1, Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ., Goettingen (Germany)); Lehmann-Beckow, D. (Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Allgemeinchirurgie, Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ., Goettingen (Germany)); Vosshenrich, R. (Abt. Roentgendiagnostik 1, Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ., Goettingen (Germany)); Fischer, U. (Abt. Roentgendiagnostik 1, Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ., Goettingen (Germany)); Grabbe, E. (Abt. Roentgendiagnostik 1, Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ., Goettingen (Germany))

1992-11-01

194

Bone dust and adhesive material for closing bony breaches of the skull. A new method.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thirty one cases of patients affected by skull lesions are reported: 25 fractures of the frontal sinus, two fractures of ethmoidal bone, two fractures of the floor of the anterior cranial fossa, one fracture of the petrous bone, one opening of the mastoid cells. Five of these patients presented a cerebrospinal fluid fistula. All the patients were surgically treated with a mixture of autogenous sawdust and butyl-2-cyanoacrylate with favorable results in thirty cases. It was necessary to repeat the treatment only in one case and the patient recovered completely. PMID:7038054

Davini, V; Rivano, C; Borzone, M; Tercero, E

1981-01-01

195

Relations among traumatic subdural lesions.  

OpenAIRE

Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and subdural hygroma (SDG) occur in the subdural space, usually after trauma. We tried to find a certain relationship among these three traumatic subdural lesions in 436 consecutive patients. We included all subdural lesions regardless of whether they were main or not. We evaluated the distribution, age incidence and interval from injury to diagnosis of these lesions, and the frequency of new subdural lesions in each lesion. ASD...

Lee, K. S.; Doh, J. W.; Bae, H. G.; Yun, I. G.

1996-01-01

196

Perioral lesions and dermatoses.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to review the common neoplasms, infections, and inflammatory dermatoses that may present around or near the mouth. Dental professionals are well positioned to evaluate perioral skin conditions, further contributing to patients' general health. This article includes a review of seborrheic keratosis, warts, actinic keratoses, actinic cheilitis, and squamous cell carcinoma, among several other perioral cutaneous lesions. PMID:24655530

Lim, Geoffrey F S; Cusack, Carrie Ann R; Kist, Joseph M

2014-04-01

197

Arthroscopic osteochondral autograft transplantation for chondral lesion of the tibial plateau of the knee.  

Science.gov (United States)

Arthroscopic osteochondral autograft transplantation is often used to treat chondral/osteochondral lesions of the femoral condyle of the knee. However, arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting to the tibial plateau has not been reported. We report the surgical technique and the clinical course of a patient who underwent engraftment by this method. A 26-year-old man developed symptoms of pain and catching in his knee. Arthroscopy revealed a deep chondral lesion, 10 x 15 mm in size, down to the subchondral bone on the posterocentral area of the lateral tibial plateau. The injured cartilage was debrided using a curette and an abrader until normal healthy cartilage bordered the debrided defect. An osteochondral plug, 10 mm in diameter and 20 mm long, the chondral surface of which was orientated 25 degrees obliquely, was harvested from the most peripheral and proximal part of the lateral patellar groove. A bony hole was created in the center of the defect through the tibia using a core reamer. The osteochondral plug was inserted from the tibial window through the bony hole. To enhance the stability of the osteochondral fragment, bioactive ceramic fillers were used to fill the space below the plug. A second-look arthroscopy 10 months after surgery showed that the grafted osteochondral plug was well adapted and integrated into the surrounding cartilage on the lateral tibial plateau. PMID:11447556

Matsusue, Y; Kotake, T; Nakagawa, Y; Nakamura, T

2001-07-01

198

Bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal joints in early rheumatoid arthritis. Comparison of MRI and high-resolution SPECT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: comparison of MRI with a newly developed high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) regarding the detection of bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA). Materials and methods: the clinically dominant hand of 15 patients with ERA (disease duration 6 months) was examined using MRI and MPH-SPECT. The evaluation of MRI was achieved according to RAMRIS criteria and for the MPH SPECT regarding pathological tracer uptake and distribution. Image fusions of MRI and MPH-SPECT were provided and the two methods were compared. Results: in MRI 12 of 15 patients showed arthritic joint pathologies, while 8 patients exhibited soft tissue and bony changes. 4 patients had only soft tissue inflammation (synovitis) with a normal bone signal. In MPH-SPECT 10 of 15 patients showed pathologically increased bone metabolism. The fusion images presented a high agreement of the pathological changes in both methods, while areas with increased bone metabolism were not only present in the case of erosions, but also in the case of bone edema. In 2 patients increased bone metabolism was detectable in areas of MR tomographic normal bone, while a clear surrounding synovitis was present in each case here. (orig.)

199

Comparison of the bony remodelling of two synthetic biomaterials: aragonite 55% and aragonite 55% with active substance  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this work, the in vivo behaviour of pure aragonite and vectabone, which is an association of aragonite and an active substance such as gentamicin, was studied to highlight the kinetic resorption of these two biomaterials with 55% of porosity destined for the filling or replacement of bony defects. The synthesis conditions and parameters we used permit us to obtain a biomaterial without a sintering stage. These conditions allow introducing of active substances at the first stage of the elaboration. In this work, the gentamycin antibiotic was associated with calcium carbonate (aragonite 55% with gentamycin) to deliver this active substance on the surgical site for local treatment. The tricalcium phosphate biomaterial was used as the control because of its high biocompatibility. The bony remodelling of these three biomaterials was studied by in vivo experiments. This study was ensured with neutron activation analysis (NAA). The resorption kinetic was elaborated and comparisons of the remodelling biomaterials CaCO{sub 3} 55% and CaCO{sub 3} 55% with gentamicin (vectabone) and tricalcium phosphate were carried out. The obtained results show that, 6 months after implantation, the mineral composition of vectabone and tricalcium phosphate becomes close to that of young bone. Twelve months after implantation, it becomes similar to that of mature bone.

Oudadesse, H [Universite de Rennes1, UMR-CNRS 6226, campus de beaulieu, 263 av. General Leclerc, 35042 Rennes (France); Derrien, A C [Universite de Rennes1, UMR-CNRS 6226, campus de beaulieu, 263 av. General Leclerc, 35042 Rennes (France); Martin, S [Universite de Rennes1, UMR-CNRS 6226, UFR Odontologie, 2 ave. du Pr. Leon Bernard, 35043 Rennes (France); Lucas-Girot, A [Universite de Rennes1, UMR-CNRS 6226, campus de beaulieu, 263 av. General Leclerc, 35042 Rennes (France); Cathelineau, G [Universite de Rennes1, UMR-CNRS 6226, UFR Odontologie, 2 ave. du Pr. Leon Bernard, 35043 Rennes (France)

2007-03-01

200

Bony outgrowths on the jaws of an extinct sperm whale support macroraptorial feeding in several stem physeteroids  

Science.gov (United States)

Several extinct sperm whales (stem Physeteroidea) were recently proposed to differ markedly in their feeding ecology from the suction-feeding modern sperm whales Kogia and Physeter. Based on cranial, mandibular, and dental morphology, these Miocene forms were tentatively identified as macroraptorial feeders, able to consume proportionally large prey using their massive teeth and robust jaws. However, until now, no corroborating evidence for the use of teeth during predation was available. We report on a new specimen of the stem physeteroid Acrophyseter, from the late middle to early late Miocene of Peru, displaying unusual bony outgrowths along some of the upper alveoli. Considering their position and outer shape, these are identified as buccal maxillary exostoses. More developed along posterior teeth and in tight contact with the high portion of the dental root outside the bony alveoli, the exostoses are hypothesized to have developed during powerful bites; they may have worked as buttresses, strengthening the teeth when facing intense occlusal forces. These buccal exostoses further support a raptorial feeding technique for Acrophyseter and, indirectly, for other extinct sperm whales with a similar oral apparatus ( Brygmophyseter, Livyatan, Zygophyseter). With a wide size range, these Miocene stem physeteroids were major marine macropredators, occupying ecological niches nowadays mostly taken by killer whales.

Lambert, Olivier; Bianucci, Giovanni; Beatty, Brian L.

2014-06-01

201

Comparison of the bony remodelling of two synthetic biomaterials: aragonite 55% and aragonite 55% with active substance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work, the in vivo behaviour of pure aragonite and vectabone, which is an association of aragonite and an active substance such as gentamicin, was studied to highlight the kinetic resorption of these two biomaterials with 55% of porosity destined for the filling or replacement of bony defects. The synthesis conditions and parameters we used permit us to obtain a biomaterial without a sintering stage. These conditions allow introducing of active substances at the first stage of the elaboration. In this work, the gentamycin antibiotic was associated with calcium carbonate (aragonite 55% with gentamycin) to deliver this active substance on the surgical site for local treatment. The tricalcium phosphate biomaterial was used as the control because of its high biocompatibility. The bony remodelling of these three biomaterials was studied by in vivo experiments. This study was ensured with neutron activation analysis (NAA). The resorption kinetic was elaborated and comparisons of the remodelling biomaterials CaCO3 55% and CaCO3 55% with gentamicin (vectabone) and tricalcium phosphate were carried out. The obtained results show that, 6 months after implantation, the mineral composition of vectabone and tricalcium phosphate becomes close to that of young bone. Twelve months after implantation, it becomes similar to that of mature bone

202

Comparison of the bony remodelling of two synthetic biomaterials: aragonite 55% and aragonite 55% with active substance.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this work, the in vivo behaviour of pure aragonite and vectabone, which is an association of aragonite and an active substance such as gentamicin, was studied to highlight the kinetic resorption of these two biomaterials with 55% of porosity destined for the filling or replacement of bony defects. The synthesis conditions and parameters we used permit us to obtain a biomaterial without a sintering stage. These conditions allow introducing of active substances at the first stage of the elaboration. In this work, the gentamycin antibiotic was associated with calcium carbonate (aragonite 55% with gentamycin) to deliver this active substance on the surgical site for local treatment. The tricalcium phosphate biomaterial was used as the control because of its high biocompatibility. The bony remodelling of these three biomaterials was studied by in vivo experiments. This study was ensured with neutron activation analysis (NAA). The resorption kinetic was elaborated and comparisons of the remodelling biomaterials CaCO(3) 55% and CaCO(3) 55% with gentamicin (vectabone) and tricalcium phosphate were carried out. The obtained results show that, 6 months after implantation, the mineral composition of vectabone and tricalcium phosphate becomes close to that of young bone. Twelve months after implantation, it becomes similar to that of mature bone. PMID:18458422

Oudadesse, H; Derrien, A C; Martin, S; Lucas-Girot, A; Cathelineau, G

2007-03-01

203

Diagnostic value of apparent diffusion coefficients to differentiate benign from malignant vertebral bone marrow lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained in diffusion-weighted (DW) MR sequences for the differentiation between malignant and benign bone marrow lesions. Method: Forty-five patients with altered signal intensity vertebral bodies on conventional MR sequences were included. The cause of altered signal intensity was benign osteoporotic collapse in 16, acute neoplastic infiltration in 15, and infectious processes in 14; based on plain-film, CT, bone scintigraphy, conventional MR studies, biopsy or follow-up. All patients underwent isotropic DW MR images (multi-shot EPI, b values of 0 and 500 s/mm2). Signal intensity at DW MR images was evaluated and ADC values were calculated and compared between malignancy, benign edema and infectious spondylitis. Results: Acute malignant fractures were hyperintense compared to normal vertebral bodies on the diffusion-weighted sequence, except in one patient with sclerotic metastases. Mean ADC value from benign edema (1.9 ± 0.39 x 10-3 mm2/s) was significantly (p -3 mm2/s). Mean ADC value of infectious spondilytis (0.96 ± 0.49 x 10-3 mm2/s) was not statistically (p > 0.05) different from untreated metastasic lesions. ADC value was low (0.75 x 10-3 mm2/s) in one case of subacute benign fracture. Conclusions: Aubacute benign fracture. Conclusions: ADC values are a useful complementary tool to characterize bone marrow lesions, in order to distinguish acute benign fractures from malignant or infectious bone lesions. However, ADC values are not valuable in order to differentiate malignancy from infection.

204

Post-traumatic glenohumeral cartilage lesions: a systematic review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Any cartilage damage to the glenohumeral joint should be avoided, as these damages may result in osteoarthritis of the shoulder. To understand the pathomechanism leading to shoulder cartilage damage, we conducted a systematic review on the subject of articular cartilage lesions caused by traumas where non impression fracture of the subchondral bone is present. Methods PubMed (MEDLINE, ScienceDirect (EMBASE, BIOBASE, BIOSIS Previews and the COCHRANE database of systematic reviews were systematically scanned using a defined search strategy to identify relevant articles in this field of research. First selection was done based on abstracts according to specific criteria, where the methodological quality in selected full text articles was assessed by two reviewers. Agreement between raters was investigated using percentage agreement and Cohen's Kappa statistic. The traumatic events were divided into two categories: 1 acute trauma which refers to any single impact situation which directly damages the articular cartilage, and 2 chronic trauma which means cartilage lesions due to overuse or disuse of the shoulder joint. Results The agreement on data quality between the two reviewers was 93% with a Kappa value of 0.79 indicating an agreement considered to be 'substantial'. It was found that acute trauma on the shoulder causes humeral articular cartilage to disrupt from the underlying bone. The pathomechanism is said to be due to compression or shearing, which can be caused by a sudden subluxation or dislocation. However, such impact lesions are rarely reported. In the case of chronic trauma glenohumeral cartilage degeneration is a result of overuse and is associated to other shoulder joint pathologies. In these latter cases it is the rotator cuff which is injured first. This can result in instability and consequent impingement which may progress to glenohumeral cartilage damage. Conclusion The great majority of glenohumeral cartilage lesions without any bony lesions are the results of overuse. Glenohumeral cartilage lesions with an intact subchondral bone and caused by an acute trauma are either rare or overlooked. And at increased risk for such cartilage lesions are active sportsmen with high shoulder demand or athletes prone to shoulder injury.

Stussi Edgar

2008-07-01

205

Influence of rotational setup error on tumor shift in bony anatomy matching measured with pulmonary point registration in stereotactic body radiotherapy for early lung cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to examine the correlation between the patient rotational error measured with pulmonary point registration and tumor shift after bony anatomy matching in stereotactic body radiotherapy for lung cancer. Twenty-six patients with lung cancer who underwent stereotactic body radiotherapy were the subjects. On 104 cone-beam computed tomography measurements performed prior to radiation delivery, rotational setup errors were measured with point registration using pulmonary structures. Translational registration using bony anatomy matching was done and the three-dimensional vector of tumor displacement was measured retrospectively. Correlation among the three-dimensional vector and rotational error and vertebra-tumor distance was investigated quantitatively. The median and maximum rotational errors of the roll, pitch and yaw were 0.8, 0.9 and 0.5, and 6.0, 4.5 and 2.5, respectively. Bony anatomy matching resulted in a 0.2-1.6 cm three-dimensional vector of tumor shift. The shift became larger as the vertebra-tumor distance increased. Multiple regression analysis for the three-dimensional vector indicated that in the case of bony anatomy matching, tumor shifts of 5 and 10 mm were expected for vertebra-tumor distances of 4.46 and 14.1 cm, respectively. Using pulmonary point registration, it was found that the rotational setup error influences the tumor shift. Bony anatomy matching is not appropriate for hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherpofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy with a tight margin. (author)

206

Radiological diagnosis of chronic spinal cord compressive lesion at thoraco-lumbar junction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiological findings in five cases with chronic spinal cord compressive lesion at thoraco-lumbar junction were reported. Three cases had spondylosis and two cases had ossification of yellow ligament (OYL). The levels of the lesions were T12/L1 in three cases and T11/12 in two cases. Two out of three spondylotic patients had also OYL at the same level. The five cases consisted of three men and two women. The ages ranged from 42 to 60 years old with a mean age of 53 years old. Neurologically, every patient showed flaccid paresis and sensory disturbance of the legs. Two cases had sensory disturbance of stocking type. The intervals from the onset of the symptoms to the final diagnosis were 6 months, 7 years, 8 years, 11 years and 12 years. Myelography showed anterior spinal cord compression by bony spur in spondylotic patients, and posterior compression by OYL in other cases. Myelography in flexion posture disclosed the cord compression by bony spur more clearly in two out of three spondylotic patients. Delayed CT-myelography showed intramedullary filling of contrast material in two cases, which indicated degenerative change or microcavitation due to long term compression of the spinal cord. MRI was taken in three spondylotic patients and could directly show compression of the spinal cord. Difficulty in detecting abnormality at thoraco-lumbar junction on plain roentgenogram, and similarity of the symptoms to peripheral nerve disease often lead to a delay in diagnosis. Thase often lead to a delay in diagnosis. The significance of dynamic myelography and delayed CT-myelography when dealing with such a lesion was discussed here. MRI is also a useful method for diagnosing a compressive lesion at the thoraco-lumbar junction. (author)

207

Lesiones deportivas Sports injuries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las diferencias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados. Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to compare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching

2007-04-01

208

Aggressive Ewing's sarcoma appearing as a cold lesion on bone scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ewing's sarcoma classically presents as a hot spot on bone scan as a result of increased vascularity of the tumor and new bone formation. Purpose We report and analyze an uncommon pattern of a 'cold' lesion in Ewing's sarcoma on bone scan and its pathophysiologic significance. Case report A 15-year-old boy complaining of thigh pain. CT scan evoked Ewing's sarcoma or osteitis. MRI evoked chronic osteitis. Scintigraphy showed a fairly intense and heterogeneous uptake on the femoral lesion and no abnormal uptake elsewhere. Biopsy showed none pathologic pattern. Three months later, a second biopsy concluded to Ewing's sarcoma. Bone scan showed a larger lesion with peripheral intense uptake centered by enlarged 'cold' area in the left femoral diaphysis and no evident bone metastasis. The patient underwent chemotherapy and surgery. Three months later, bone scan showed extensive skeletal metastasis. Conclusion Ewing's sarcoma appears usually as an intense lesion on bone scan. Nevertheless, decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake or 'cold' lesion may be seen in aggressive Ewing's sarcoma with lytic tumor, growth of which is very rapid and bony reaction is minimal. (authors)

209

Fortuitously discovered liver lesions  

OpenAIRE

The fortuitously discovered liver lesion is a common problem. Consensus might be expected in terms of its work-up, and yet there is none. This stems in part from the fact that there is no preventive campaign involving the early detection of liver tumors other than for patients with known liver cirrhosis and oncological patients. The work-up (detection and differential diagnosis) of liver tumors comprises theoretical considerations, history, physical examination, laboratory tests, standard ult...

Dietrich, Christoph F.; Malay Sharma; Gibson, Robert N.; Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich; Christian Jenssen

2013-01-01

210

Asymptomatic ischemic cerebral lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the purpose of studying the incidence, pathomorphology and etiology of asymptomatic ischemic cerebral lesions, we carried out a brain MRI study on 65 patients with diabetes mellitus accompanied with hypertension who are thought to belong to a high risk group of ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. Excluding the abnormality of tendon reflex due to diabetic neuropathy, sixty percent of the total patients had some mild neurological signs and symptoms, most of them was discrepancy in tendon reflex. The percentage of the patients in whom MRI disclosed some abnormalities was as high as 70%, they were lacunar stroke, multiple lacunar state, cortical infarct, and patchy high signal lesions visible only in the T2 weighted image. Lacunes or these patchy high signal lesions (considered to be the dilatation of the perivascular space or true lacunes) tended to be found along the border zone or the terminal zone. These results indicate that asymptomatic patients in whom MRI discloses the abnormalities should be considered as candidates for the future onset of multi-infarct. (author)

211

Clinical Evaluation of Positioning Verification Using Digital Tomosynthesis and Bony Anatomy and Soft Tissues for Prostate Image-Guided Radiotherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To evaluate on-board digital tomosynthesis (DTS) for patient positioning vs. two-dimensional (2D) radiography and three-dimensional cone beam (CBCT). Methods and Materials: A total of 92 image sessions from 9 prostate cancer patients were analyzed. An on-board image set was registered to a corresponding reference image set. Four pairs of image sets were used: digitally reconstructed radiographs vs. on-board orthogonal paired radiographs for the 2D method, coronal-reference DTS vs. on-board coronal DTS for the coronal-DTS method, sagittal-reference DTS vs. on-board sagittal DTS for the sagittal-DTS method, and planning CT vs. CBCT for the CBCT method. The registration results were compared. Results: The systematic errors in all methods were o. When registering the bony anatomy, the mean vector difference was 0.21 ± 0.11 cm between 2D and CBCT, 0.11 ± 0.08 cm between CBCT and coronal DTS, and 0.14 ± 0.07 cm between CBCT and sagittal DTS. The correlation between CBCT to DTS was stronger (coefficient = 0.92-0.95) than the correlation between 2D and CBCT or DTS (coefficient = 0.81-0.83). When registering the soft tissue, the mean vector difference was 0.18 ± 0.11 cm between CBCT and coronal DTS and 0.29 ± 0.17 cm between CBCT and sagittal DTS. The correlation coefficient of CBCT to sagittal DTS and to coronal DTS was 0.84 and 0.92, respectively. Conclusion: DTS could provide equivalent results to CBCT when the bony anatomy is used as landmarn the bony anatomy is used as landmarks for prostate image-guided radiotherapy. For soft tissue-based positioning verification, coronal DTS produced equivalent results to CBCT, but sagittal DTS alone was insufficient. DTS could allow for comparable soft tissue-based target localization with faster scanning time and a lower imaging dose compared with CBCT

212

Acute periodontal lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review provides updates on acute conditions affecting the periodontal tissues, including abscesses in the periodontium, necrotizing periodontal diseases and other acute conditions that cause gingival lesions with acute presentation, such as infectious processes not associated with oral bacterial biofilms, mucocutaneous disorders and traumatic and allergic lesions. A periodontal abscess is clinically important because it is a relatively frequent dental emergency, it can compromise the periodontal prognosis of the affected tooth and bacteria within the abscess can spread and cause infections in other body sites. Different types of abscesses have been identified, mainly classified by their etiology, and there are clear differences between those affecting a pre-existing periodontal pocket and those affecting healthy sites. Therapy for this acute condition consists of drainage and tissue debridement, while an evaluation of the need for systemic antimicrobial therapy will be made for each case, based on local and systemic factors. The definitive treatment of the pre-existing condition should be accomplished after the acute phase is controlled. Necrotizing periodontal diseases present three typical clinical features: papilla necrosis, gingival bleeding and pain. Although the prevalence of these diseases is not high, their importance is clear because they represent the most severe conditions associated with the dental biofilm, with very rapid tissue destruction. In addition to bacteria, the etiology of necrotizing periodontal disease includes numerous factors that alter the host response and predispose to these diseases, namely HIV infection, malnutrition, stress or tobacco smoking. The treatment consists of superficial debridement, careful mechanical oral hygiene, rinsing with chlorhexidine and daily re-evaluation. Systemic antimicrobials may be used adjunctively in severe cases or in nonresponding conditions, being the first option metronidazole. Once the acute disease is under control, definitive treatment should be provided, including appropriate therapy for the pre-existing gingivitis or periodontitis. Among other acute conditions affecting the periodontal tissues, but not caused by the microorganisms present in oral biofilms, infectious diseases, mucocutaneous diseases and traumatic or allergic lesions can be listed. In most cases, the gingival involvement is not severe; however, these conditions are common and may prompt an emergency dental visit. These conditions may have the appearance of an erythematous lesion, which is sometimes erosive. Erosive lesions may be the direct result of trauma or a consequence of the breaking of vesicles and bullae. A proper differential diagnosis is important for adequate management of the case. PMID:24738591

Herrera, David; Alonso, Bettina; de Arriba, Lorenzo; Santa Cruz, Isabel; Serrano, Cristina; Sanz, Mariano

2014-06-01

213

[Experimental study of composites of bovine bone morphogenetic protein and bio-active glass ceramic implanted into surgically produced periodontal bony defects in dogs].  

Science.gov (United States)

Bovine bone morphogenetic protein (bBMP) was incorporated with bio-active glass ceramic (BGC). The composite of bBMP-BGC and BGC were implanted into the surgically produced periodontal osseous defects in dogs. Observations at 10, 16, 20, and 24 weeks show that the implants of BMP-BGC have the ability of bone induction and enhance the regeneration of periodontal bony defects in a relatively short time, but the implants of BGC alone only have the ability of bone-conduction, these is no bone-induction ability, and made a more long time in repairing the periodontal bony defects. PMID:2517825

Jin, Y

1989-11-01

214

A disappearing neonatal skin lesion.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

A preterm baby girl was noted at birth to have a firm, raised, non-tender skin lesion located over her right hip. She developed three similar smaller lesions on her ear, buttock and right knee. All lesions had resolved by 2 months of age.

Hawkes, Colin Patrick

2012-01-31

215

Essential, trace and toxic element concentrations in the liver of the world's largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola).  

Science.gov (United States)

No studies document essential (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium), trace (barium, boron, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, zinc) or toxic element (antimony, arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, thallium) concentrations in any members of the family Molidae, including the world's largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola). Here, we analyzed 21 elements in the liver of one M. mola. These values were compared to liver concentrations in multiple species with spatial and dietary overlap. Concentrations of calcium (3339 ppm wet weight) and iron (2311 ppm wet weight) were extremely elevated in comparison to a number of other fish species, indicating that calcium and/or iron toxicity may have occurred in this animal. Concentrations of toxic elements were generally low, with the exception of cadmium (3.5 ppm). This study represents the first report of essential, trace and toxic elements in this species. PMID:24341944

Perrault, Justin R; Buchweitz, John P; Lehner, Andreas F

2014-02-15

216

Pain and rehabilitation problems after single-event multilevel surgery including bony foot surgery in cerebral palsy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background and purpose - Surgical correction of foot deformities as part of single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) to optimize postoperative training is sometimes indicated in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. We have, however, experienced excessive postoperative pain and rehabilitation problems in a number of these patients. We therefore investigated children who underwent such procedures regarding postoperative rehabilitation and pain, gait parameters 1 year after surgery, and mobility 5 years after surgery. Patients and methods - 9 children with diplegic cerebral palsy who had also undergone bony foot surgery were identified from a cohort of 70 children treated with SEMLS according to a standardized protocol. 2 children were excluded due to mental retardation and atypical surgery, and 7 patients (4 of them boys) were included. The children and their parents underwent a semi-structured interview on average 5 (3-7) years after the surgery. Gait parameters preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively were compared. Results - 5 children had experienced regional pain syndrome and considerable sociopsychological problems during the first postoperative year. 5 years after surgery, 4 of the 5 children still had hypersensitive and painful feet, 2 had lost their ability to walk, 1 child was no longer self-reliant in daily care, and 3 were wheelchair bound. There were, however, no clinically significant differences in functional mobility scale (FMS) or gait parameters preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. Interpretation - We found troublesome postoperative rehabilitation and poor outcomes in this series of children who had undergone simultaneous multilevel surgeries and bony foot corrections. Caution is warranted when treating marginally ambulatory children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy and foot deformities. PMID:25191930

Høiness, Per Reidar; Capjon, Hilde; Lofterød, Bjørn

2014-12-01

217

Lesiones deportivas / Sports injuries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las difere [...] ncias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados). Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Abstract in english Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to c [...] ompare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

JORGE ALBERTO, OSORIO CIRO; MÓNICA PAOLA, CLAVIJO RODRÍGUEZ; ELKIN, ARANGO V; SANTIAGO, PATIÑO GIRALDO; ISABEL CRISTINA, GALLEGO CHING.

2007-06-01

218

Study of genital lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A total of one hundred patients (75 males and 25 females age ranged from 17-65 years with genital lesions attending the STD clinic of Bowring and LC Hospitals Bangalore constituted the study group. Based on clinical features, the study groups were classified as syphilis (39, chancroid (30, herpes genitolis (13, condylomato lato (9, LGV (7t condylomata acuminata (5, genital scabies (3, granuloma inguinole (2 and genital candidiasis (1. In 68% microbiological findings confirmed the clinical diagnosis. Of the 100 cases 13% and 2% were positive for HIV antibodies and HbsAg respectively.

Anand Kumar B

2003-03-01

219

Herniation pits and cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck: an anatomical study by MSCT and {mu}CT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To determine distinguishing features between herniation pits (HPs) and other cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and micro-computed tomography (microCT) examinations. Institutional review board approval was obtained to examine 37 proximal femora of 23 cadaveric specimens (mean age available in 19 cadavers, 83 years; range 68-100 years; 9 female, 8 male, 6 unknown). All 37 femora were investigated by MSCT. 23 femora, which revealed cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in MSCT examinations, were additionally examined by microCT. Cystic-appearing lesions were categorized by their location, sclerotic margin, demarcation and shape in MSCT with assessment of inter-observer agreement. Detailed cortical and trabecular properties were evaluated in microCT examinations. There were seven HPs in three femora. There were a number of abnormalities potentially imitating HPs, including focal osteoporosis (13 in 13 femora), degenerative changes (5 in 4 femora) and trabecular restructuring (5 in 4 femora) at the anterior femoral neck. HPs were differentiated on the basis of their subchondral/subcortical location, completely surrounding sclerosis, clear demarcation and round-to-oval shape in MSCT. Because of their location and their microscopic appearance, HPs seem to resemble intra-osseous ganglia at the anterior femoral neck. HPs have to be differentiated from other cystic appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck to avoid overestimation of their incidence in the context of diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement. (orig.)

Panzer, Stephanie; Esch, Ulrich [Trauma Center Murnau, Department of Radiology, Murnau (Germany); Abdulazim, Ahmed Nabil; Augat, Peter [Paracelsus University Salzburg and Trauma Center Murnau, Biomechanics Laboratory, Murnau (Germany)

2010-07-15

220

Development of efficient electron beam irradiating condition of artificial bone substitutes with 7 to 3 ratio of hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate and type I collagen to maximize bony regeneration  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bony defects in oral and maxillofacial region was a common problem -Auto graft -Allograft -Xenograft. Accenting bone is 'Gold standard' for bone defect repair and from the rib, iliac crest, jaw and tibia. Bone is 70% inorganic components -which provide firmness, and approx. and 30% organic substances.

Kim, Soung Min; Eo, Mi Young; Myoung, Hoon; Kang, Ji Young; Lee, Jong Ho [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Hye Jin [Korea Basic Science Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Yea, Kwon Hae; Lee, Byungcheol [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-07-01

221

Development of efficient electron beam irradiating condition of artificial bone substitutes with 7 to 3 ratio of hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate and type I collagen to maximize bony regeneration  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bony defects in oral and maxillofacial region was a common problem -Auto graft -Allograft -Xenograft. Accenting bone is 'Gold standard' for bone defect repair and from the rib, iliac crest, jaw and tibia. Bone is 70% inorganic components -which provide firmness, and approx. and 30% organic substances

222

Lesiones traumáticas: Conducta odontológica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En la cavidad bucal se pueden producir una variedad de lesiones de diferente etiología, por ello es muy importante que el odontólogo las identifique y conozca las consecuencias que ocasiona si no se previenen o tratan a tiempo. Se funda como premisa que el cuidado periodontal es, en esencia, labor d [...] el odontólogo general y que éste no puede pasar por alto la responsabilidad de proveer atención a todos los pacientes. La incidencia excesivamente elevada de los problemas periodontales entre la población, dificulta que un número reducido de especialistas los pueda enfrentar. Asimismo, el estrecho vínculo entre los tratamientos dentales restaurativos y los regímenes periodontales hace muy importante que el odontólogo general disponga de conocimientos a fondo sobre periodoncia. En la cavidad bucal se producen variedades de lesiones de origen traumático ya sea por injurias químicas, físicas y térmicas estás representan una urgencia en Odontología. El propósito de este reporte es describir las diferentes presentaciones clínicas de dicha patología, su etiología, diagnósticos diferenciales y diferentes métodos de tratamiento, para valorar sus complicaciones y cuidados postoperatorios. Para ello se realizó basado en los lineamientos de la investigación descriptiva documental, una revisión de la literatura nacional e internacional. Abstract in english A variety of different etiologies pathologies can affect the oral cavity, due to this reason, dentists must be able to identify them and their consequences if they are not treated on time. It is primordial for the general practitioner dentists the periodontal care of their patients. Among the popula [...] tion the periodontal diseases are very common and only a reduced number of specialists can treat them. The close relation between restorative dental treatments and periodontal treatment procedures lead to the tendency that de general practitioner has enough knowledge in the periodontal field. Among the variety of pathologic entities that affect the oral mucosa, that presents as ulcer and are really Traumatic lesions in its different types chemical injury, physical injury, thermal injury It is considered one of the emergencies in dentistry. Dentist must be able to recognize and treat them. The purpose of this research is to describe the possible etiologic agents, clinical features and treatment of this disease and also to recommend the multidisciplinary attention to these patient. For this paper was made a study based on the lineaments of the descriptive documental research, mainly with scientific bibliographic references literature national and international.

Yuni J, Salinas M; Ronald E, Millán I; Juan C, León M.

223

On-line image guidance for frameless stereotactic radiotherapy of lung malignancies by cone beam CT: Comparison between target localization and alignment on bony anatomy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Introduction. Free-breathing stereotactic radiotherapy for lung malignancies requires reliable prediction of respiratory motion and accurate target localization. A protocol was adopted for reproducibility and reduction of respiratory motion and for target localization by CBCT image guidance. Tumor respiratory displacements and tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy alignment are analyzed. Materials and method. Image guided SRT was performed for 99 lung malignancies. Two groups of patients were considered: group A did not perform any breathing control; group B controlled visually their respiratory cycle and volumes on an Active Breathing Coordinator (ABC) monitor during the acquisition of simulation CT and CBCT, and treatment delivery. GTV on end inhale and exhale CT data sets were fused in an ITV and the extent of tumor motion evaluated between these 2 phases. A pre-treatment CBCT was acquired and aligned to the reference CT using bony anatomy; for tumor positioning the ITV contour on the reference CT was matched to the visible tumor on CBCT. Interobserver variability of tumor positioning was evaluated. ITV and CBCT tumor dimensions were compared. Results. 3D tumor breathing displacement (mean+-SD) was significantly higher for group A (14.7+-9.9 mm) than for group B (4.7+-3.1 mm). The detected differences between tumor and bony structure alignment below 3 mm were 68% for group B and 45% for group A, reaching statistical significance. Interobserver variability was 1.7+-1.1 mm (mean+-SD). Dimensions of tumor image on CBCT were consistent with ITV dimensions for group B (max difference 14%). Conclusions. The adopted protocol seems effective in reducing respiratory internal movements and margin. Tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy are also reduced. However bony anatomy as a surrogate of the target may still lead to some relevant positioning errors. Target visualization on CBCT is essential for an accurate localization in lung SRT

Masi, Laura; Casamassima, Franco; Menichelli, Claudia; Pasciuti, Katia; Doro, Raffaela; Polli, Caterina; D' imporzano, Elena; Bonucci, Ivano (Medical Physics Dept., Casa di Cura S. Chiara Firenze (Italy))

2008-08-15

224

On-line image guidance for frameless stereotactic radiotherapy of lung malignancies by cone beam CT: Comparison between target localization and alignment on bony anatomy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Introduction. Free-breathing stereotactic radiotherapy for lung malignancies requires reliable prediction of respiratory motion and accurate target localization. A protocol was adopted for reproducibility and reduction of respiratory motion and for target localization by CBCT image guidance. Tumor respiratory displacements and tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy alignment are analyzed. Materials and method. Image guided SRT was performed for 99 lung malignancies. Two groups of patients were considered: group A did not perform any breathing control; group B controlled visually their respiratory cycle and volumes on an Active Breathing Coordinator (ABC) monitor during the acquisition of simulation CT and CBCT, and treatment delivery. GTV on end inhale and exhale CT data sets were fused in an ITV and the extent of tumor motion evaluated between these 2 phases. A pre-treatment CBCT was acquired and aligned to the reference CT using bony anatomy; for tumor positioning the ITV contour on the reference CT was matched to the visible tumor on CBCT. Interobserver variability of tumor positioning was evaluated. ITV and CBCT tumor dimensions were compared. Results. 3D tumor breathing displacement (mean±SD) was significantly higher for group A (14.7±9.9 mm) than for group B (4.7±3.1 mm). The detected differences between tumor and bony structure alignment below 3 mm were 68% for group B and 45% for group A, reaching statistical significance. Interobserver variabilil significance. Interobserver variability was 1.7±1.1 mm (mean±SD). Dimensions of tumor image on CBCT were consistent with ITV dimensions for group B (max difference 14%). Conclusions. The adopted protocol seems effective in reducing respiratory internal movements and margin. Tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy are also reduced. However bony anatomy as a surrogate of the target may still lead to some relevant positioning errors. Target visualization on CBCT is essential for an accurate localization in lung SRT

225

Radiographic features of large cystic lesions of the jaws in children  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The surgical approach to cystic lesions of the jaws is either marsupialisation or enucleation. The treatment of choice is dependent on the size of the lesion, the bony integrity of the cyst and its proximity to anatomical structures.Objectives. To assess large (>2.0 cm) cystic lesions of the jaws using plain film radiography (PFR), CT, multiplanar reconstruction program (MPR) and three-dimensional CT (3D-CT).Patients and methods. Twelve children aged 7-14 years.Results. The classic radiological feature was a unilocular radiolucent area surrounded by a well-defined radio-opaque margin adjacent to the root of a non-viable tooth or associated with the crown of an unerupted tooth. Malposition of teeth and root resorption were more common in dentigerous cysts. The features seen on CT were clear and more precise than those seen on PFR. MPR, by the three-dimensional visualisation of the jaw (axial, panoramic, and bucco-lingual), provided useful information for determining the outline of the cyst and its proximity to adjacent anatomical structures, such as teeth, nerves or maxillary sinus. 3-D CT further and more clearly demonstrated discontinuity in the buccal or palatal/lingual cortices of the jaw bone. PFR was very accurate in determining root resorption.Conclusions. CT with MPR and, ideally, 3-D CT should be used for the comprehensive diagnostic work-up and meticulous surgical management of large cystic lesions of the jaws in children. (orig.)

Bodner, Lipa; Woldenberg, Yitzhak [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Soroka Medical Center, P.O. Box 151, Beer-Sheva 84101 (Israel); Bar-Ziv, Jacob [Department of Radiology, Hebrew University and Hadassab School of Medicine, Jerusalem (Israel)

2003-01-01

226

Andersson lesion in ankylosing spondylitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A middle-aged male patient developed acute back pain and a lumbar vertebral lesion following trivial physical trauma. The lesion was considered as tuberculous on vertebral x-rays and MRI. After biopsy of the lesion and spinal fixation, the patient was kept on empirical antituberculous treatment (ATT) to which he did not respond. On re-evaluation he was diagnosed to have an Andersson lesion in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). ATT was stopped and he was successfully managed by rest, steroids, methotrexate and sulfasalazine. A careful look at the patient's plain x-ray spine and awareness about the lesion can avoid misdiagnosis of this characteristic vertebral lesion found in AS. PMID:23559648

Dhakad, Urmila; Das, Siddharth K

2013-01-01

227

Automated Estimation Of Lesion Size  

Science.gov (United States)

Two methods were studied of estimating automatically the relative volume of local lesions in digital subtractions radiographs. The first method approximates the projected, lesion area by an equivalent circular area, and the second by an equivalent polygonal area. Lesion volume is estimated in both methods as equivalent area times the average gray-level difference between the detected area and the surrounding background. Regression results of the estimated relative volume versus the calibrated size of lesions induced in dry human mandibles showed the polygonal approximation to be superior. This method also permitted successful monitoring of bone remodelling during the healing process of surgically induced lesions in dogs. The quantitative results, as well as the examples from in vivo lesions demonstrate feasibility and clinically relavance of the methodology.

Ruttimann, Urs E.; Webber, Richard L.; Groenhuis, Roelf A. J.; Troullos, Emanuel; Rethman, Michael T.

1985-06-01

228

Lesions after sphincterotomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Within the last years 70 transduodenal sphincterotomies at stringent indication have been carried out at the Department of Surgery of the RWTH Aachen. This means 9.2% of all operations caused by cholelithiasis. The lethality was 4.2%. The following postoperative complications where stated: a) the bleeding from the divided duct of sphincter with or without haemobile (1.4%), b) the post-sphincterotomy pancreatitis (9.5%) owing to lesion of the pancreatic duct, c) the retroperitoneal abscess with biliary peritonitis (1.8%), d) insufficiency of the duodenal wall or duodenal fistula (1.9%), e) postoperative disturbances of passage of the transsected sphincter Oddi. The haemorrhagic necrosing pancreatitis, the insufficiency of the duodenal wall, the retroperitoneal abscess and the bleeding postsphincterotomy force us to immediate re-operation, while functional disturbances like a spasm or an oedema are controllable pharmacologically and functionally for a short time. PMID:302546

Raguse, T; Lynen, F K; Geukens, T

1977-01-01

229

Mycetoma: Nonvenereal perineal lesions  

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Full Text Available Mycetoma is a chronic, granulomatous disease of the skin, and subcutaneous tissue, which sometimes involves muscle, bones, and neighboring organs. It is characterized by tumefaction, abscess formation, and fistulae with discharge of grains from sinuses. Mycetoma can be caused by various species of fungi (eumycetoma and aerobic actinomycetes (actinomycetoma, which occur as saprophytes in soil or plants. A tentative diagnosis sufficient to initiate treatment may be made on the basis of grain color. For instance, melanoid grains are always caused by fungi and ochroid or pale grains by actinomycetes. Although this is not the thumbrule, there are exceptional reports too. As trauma favors infection, most lesions are on the foot and lower leg but they may occur anywhere on the body mimicking actinomycosis. However, lab investigations and culture are important tool to differentiate apart from the clinical picture. We are reporting atypical case with unusual site of presentation (perineum and thigh of mycetoma.

Gupta Shweta

2010-01-01

230

Intracerebral space-occupying lesions with brain density (isodense lesions)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Direct demonstration by CT of lesions which alter tissue density has undoubtedly added a new dimension to the diagnosis of neurosurgical diseases. However, it must also be understood that cerebral lesions with the same density as normal brain tissue pose new diagnostic problems. (orig.)

231

Air CT cisternography in cases with retrolabyrinthine lesion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Imaging of the cerebellopontine angle structures by means of air CT cisternography was studied in cases with suspected retrolabyrinthine lesions. The method of air CT cisternography in our study was characterized by air infusion through a suboccipital route and by imaging of both cerebellopontine angles in one study. Ninety cases have been studied so far. Four cases of small acoustic tumors, including two cases of intracanalicular tumors, were found. Additionally, one case of small meningioma in the porus was detected. The percentage of the detection of small acoustic tumors in our series was significantly low. However, various abnormalities other than neoplasms were revealed. An enlargement of the acoustic canal without a tumor was found in five cases; this abnormality was usually bilateral. This structural abnormality corresponds to the patulous canal or dural ectasia of the canal described in the previous literature, which was believed to be one of characteristics of bony changes in Recklinghausen's disease. Only one case in our series, however, had the definite stigmata of Recklinghausen's disease. The present authors designate this canal enlargement ''empty meatus''; it seems to be a new clinical entity. An irregular thickening of the nerve and a nodular appearance of the nerve in the canal were found in the case of Recklinghausen's disease. A diagnosis of localized arachnoiditis was made in three cases, and that of a primary atrophy of the acoustic nerve, in one case. (author)

232

Anatomical and Bone Scintigraphy Radiology: Report of the Overlap of Images in the Therapeutic Approach to Bone Lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Conventional radiology, Rx simple or tomographic studies is part of the initial study of bone lesions or suspicion of them in the daily management of patients. The bone scan is a procedure widely used as an adjunct to diagnosis in extensive study of these cases, providing global skeletal metabolic information, which mainly includes the diagnosis of skeletal metastases in malignant tumors. Objective: To evaluate the overlap of anatomical and functional images in the medical management of surgical bone lesions. Materials and methods: Prospectively included 40 patients of various age groups, referred to Gamanuclear Ltd from October 2005 to April 2007, which were studied by bony growths (35) or suspected of same by focusing painful symptomatology (5). All patients had radiological studies. The bony scintigraphy were performed 3-4 hours after intravenous injection of a diagnostic dose of 99mTc MDP. The gamacamaras used was a GE XRT and other SMV Power Vision, and the overlap of images is done with Corel draw, screen hunter and Scion image

233

Speech and language development after cochlear implantation in children with bony labyrinth malformations: long-term results.  

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The aim of this study was to investigate speech and language development after long-term cochlear implantation in children with bony labyrinth malformations (BLMs) and to present the surgical findings in this group of patients. The auditory and linguistic skills of 21 children who had BLM were assessed in this study. They were implanted between 1998 and 2009. Twenty-two sex-matched and age-matched implantees without BLM were evaluated as the control group. To compare speech perception and speech intelligibility between the groups, the categories of auditory performance (CAP) test and speech intelligibility rating (SIR) test, respectively, were administered. The Turkish version of the Test of Early Language Development (TELD-3-T) was administered to evaluate and compare the linguistic skills of the groups. Surgical findings and complications were also analyzed. Implanted anomalies were common cavity in five patients, incomplete partition type 1 in 5 patients, and incomplete partition type 2 in 11 patients. The CAP and SIR scores were significantly higher in the control group (p groups (p > 0.05). Based on the specific type of malformation, the CAP and SIR scores were comparable between the subgroups (p > 0.05). No perioperative complications occurred in the control group. However, various perioperative complications (gusher, etc.) and surgical difficulty occurred in the anomaly group. The malformation group had unsatisfactory results with regard to speech perception skills; however, this group and the non-anomalous group exhibited comparable long-term results on linguistic development. PMID:25283262

Catli, Tolgahan; Uckan, Burcu; Olgun, Levent

2014-10-01

234

Staging of osteonecrosis of the jaw requires computed tomography for accurate definition of the extent of bony disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Management of osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with antiresorptive agents is challenging, and outcomes are unpredictable. The severity of disease is the main guide to management, and can help to predict prognosis. Most available staging systems for osteonecrosis, including the widely-used American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) system, classify severity on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings. However, clinical inspection and radiography are limited in their ability to identify the extent of necrotic bone disease compared with computed tomography (CT). We have organised a large multicentre retrospective study (known as MISSION) to investigate the agreement between the AAOMS staging system and the extent of osteonecrosis of the jaw (focal compared with diffuse involvement of bone) as detected on CT. We studied 799 patients with detailed clinical phenotyping who had CT images taken. Features of diffuse bone disease were identified on CT within all AAOMS stages (20%, 8%, 48%, and 24% of patients in stages 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively). Of the patients classified as stage 0, 110/192 (57%) had diffuse disease on CT, and about 1 in 3 with CT evidence of diffuse bone disease was misclassified by the AAOMS system as having stages 0 and 1 osteonecrosis. In addition, more than a third of patients with AAOMS stage 2 (142/405, 35%) had focal bone disease on CT. We conclude that the AAOMS staging system does not correctly identify the extent of bony disease in patients with osteonecrosis of the jaw. PMID:24856927

Bedogni, Alberto; Fedele, Stefano; Bedogni, Giorgio; Scoletta, Matteo; Favia, Gianfranco; Colella, Giuseppe; Agrillo, Alessandro; Bettini, Giordana; Di Fede, Olga; Oteri, Giacomo; Fusco, Vittorio; Gabriele, Mario; Ottolenghi, Livia; Valsecchi, Stefano; Porter, Stephen; Petruzzi, Massimo; Arduino, Paolo; D'Amato, Salvatore; Ungari, Claudio; Fung Polly, Pok-Lam; Saia, Giorgia; Campisi, Giuseppina

2014-09-01

235

Majority of TcRbeta+ T-lymphocytes located in thymus and midgut of the bony fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (L.).  

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Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization analyses were performed to investigate the occurrence and distribution of T-lymphocytes expressing TcRbeta in intestine and lymphoid tissues of the bony fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (sea bass). Immunohistochemistry with the monoclonal antibody DLT15 (pan-T-cell marker) was carried out to compare the cytology, distribution and number of T-cells and TcRbeta+ cells in the various sampled lymphoid organs. The highest TcRbeta expression was revealed by real-time PCR in the thymus, with high levels also being found in the gut. In the thymus, DLT15+ and TcRbeta+ cell populations were concentrated in the cortex and TcRbeta+ cells were notably reactive at the cortical-medullary border, suggesting a specialized role of this region in thymocyte selection. The density of DLT15+ T-cells increased from the anterior to posterior intestine, whereas TcRbeta+ lymphocytes were more numerous in the middle intestine compared with other segments. The existence, in fish thymus, of a medulla and a cortex comparable with those of mammals is revealed by this study. The concentration of TcRbeta+ cells in the sea bass midgut also strongly suggests a special role of this intestinal segment in antigen-specific cellular immunity. The large population of TcRbeta(-)/DLT15+ T-cells in the posterior gut can probably be ascribed to the TcRgammadelta phenotype fraction. PMID:17549519

Romano, Nicla; Rossi, Francesca; Abelli, Luigi; Caccia, Elisabetta; Piergentili, Rita; Mastrolia, Lucia; Randelli, Elisa; Buonocore, Francesco

2007-09-01

236

Nonsurgical management of periapical lesions  

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Full Text Available Periapical lesions develop as sequelae to pulp disease. They often occur without any episode of acute pain and are discovered on routine radiographic examination. The incidence of cysts within periapical lesions varies between 6 and 55%. The occurrence of periapical granulomas ranges between 9.3 and 87.1%, and of abscesses between 28.7 and 70.07%. It is accepted that all inflammatory periapical lesions should be initially treated with conservative nonsurgical procedures. Studies have reported a success rate of up to 85% after endodontic treatment of teeth with periapical lesions. A review of literature was performed by using electronic and hand searching methods for the nonsurgical management of periapical lesions. Various methods can be used in the nonsurgical management of periapical lesions: the conservative root canal treatment, decompression technique, active nonsurgical decompression technique, aspiration-irrigation technique, method using calcium hydroxide, Lesion Sterilization and Repair Therapy, and the Apexum procedure. Monitoring the healing of periapical lesions is essential through periodic follow-up examinations.

Fernandes Marina

2010-01-01

237

Fortuitously discovered liver lesions  

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Full Text Available The fortuitously discovered liver lesion is a common problem. Consensus might be expected in terms of its work-up, and yet there is none. This stems in part from the fact that there is no preventive campaign involving the early detection of liver tumors other than for patients with known liver cirrhosis and oncological patients. The work-up (detection and differential diagnosis of liver tumors comprises theoretical considerations, history, physical examination, laboratory tests, standard ultrasound, Doppler ultrasound techniques, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, as well as image-guided biopsy. CEUS techniques have proved to be the most pertinent method; these techniques became part of the clinical routine about 10 years ago in Europe and Asia and are used for a variety of indications in daily clinical practice. CEUS is in many cases the first and also decisive technical intervention for detecting and characterizing liver tumors. This development is reflected in many CEUS guidelines, e.g., in the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB guidelines 2004, 2008 and 2012 as well as the recently published World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology-EFSUMB guidelines 2012. This article sets out considerations for making a structured work-up of incidental liver tumors feasible.

Christoph F Dietrich

2013-01-01

238

Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma. Including comments on thorotrast use and review of sequelae with particular reference to lesions of the central nervous system  

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The occurrence of a glioblastoma with sarcoma, a gliosarcoma, in the left frontal-temporal area of a 49-year-old woman with a history of Thorotrast exposure, is described. Thorotrast-laden histiocytes and free Thorotrast material were found in both components of the tumor. An overlying, adherent dural cranial lesion was found to contain massive deposits of Thorotrast embedded in a dense fibrotic and sclerotic stroma with focal calcification. These features are typical of Thorotrastoma. Thorotrast stains greenish-brown with hematoxylin and eosin and appears as refractile granular particles of relatively uniform size either within histiocytes or as free material. The radioactivity of the deposits was confirmed through the use of a scintillation counter, and thorium 232 was definitively identified though the use of scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Immunohistochemical studies of the tumor demonstrated glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity in areas of glioma and focal vimentin and actin immunoreactivity in areas of sarcoma. Thorotrast-associated lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are infrequently reported, and a Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma has not yet been reported. The use of Thorotrast, its radiobiology, and sequelae are reviewed with particular emphasis on lesions occurring in the CNS. 52 references.

Wargotz, E.S.; Sidawy, M.K.; Jannotta, F.S.

1988-07-01

239

Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma. Including comments on thorotrast use and review of sequelae with particular reference to lesions of the central nervous system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The occurrence of a glioblastoma with sarcoma, a gliosarcoma, in the left frontal-temporal area of a 49-year-old woman with a history of Thorotrast exposure, is described. Thorotrast-laden histiocytes and free Thorotrast material were found in both components of the tumor. An overlying, adherent dural cranial lesion was found to contain massive deposits of Thorotrast embedded in a dense fibrotic and sclerotic stroma with focal calcification. These features are typical of Thorotrastoma. Thorotrast stains greenish-brown with hematoxylin and eosin and appears as refractile granular particles of relatively uniform size either within histiocytes or as free material. The radioactivity of the deposits was confirmed through the use of a scintillation counter, and thorium 232 was definitively identified though the use of scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Immunohistochemical studies of the tumor demonstrated glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity in areas of glioma and focal vimentin and actin immunoreactivity in areas of sarcoma. Thorotrast-associated lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are infrequently reported, and a Thorotrast-associated gliosarcoma has not yet been reported. The use of Thorotrast, its radiobiology, and sequelae are reviewed with particular emphasis on lesions occurring in the CNS. 52 references

240

Changes of renal lesion-related parameters in FGS/Nga and the parental mouse strains, CBA/N and RFM/Nga.  

Science.gov (United States)

The FGS/Nga mouse strain, established from an outcross between CBA/N and RFM/Nga mice strains, has previously been reported as a spontaneous mouse model for focal glomerular sclerosis (FGS) and is considered to have two pairs of autosomal recessive genes associated with FGS. In this study, we examined the changes of seven renal lesion-related parameters, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, albumin and total protein in plasma, urinary protein, systolic blood pressure, and a glomerulosclerosis index on histological observation, in 20-week-old FGS/Nga mice and their age-matched two parental strains, CBA/N and RFM/Nga. The levels of plasma BUN and creatinine, urinary protein and systolic blood pressure were significantly increased in FGS/Nga, compared with those of the parental strains. RFM/Nga mice showed slightly elevated levels of all biochemical makers. In histological analysis, a higher glomerulosclerosis index was observed in FGS/Nga than the two parental strains. RFM/Nga mice appeared to have slight sclerotic lesions of glomeruli, but no renal failure was observed in CBA/N mice. These results suggest that at least one mutant gene that causes the progression of renal lesion in FGS/Nga mice is derived from RFM/Nga. PMID:15153671

Kim, Eun-Hee; Choi, Kwang-Soo; Lee, Kang-Wook; Suh, Jun-Gyo; Choi, Yang-Kyu; Hyun, Byung-Hwa; Ishikawa, Akira; Namikawa, Takao; Lee, Chul-Ho

2004-04-01

241

Multiple bony metastases of breast cancer. Role of CA 15.3 and response to hormone therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bone metastases are involved in a 65-75% of advanced metastatic breast cancer cases. Tumoral markers (CEA, CA 15.3) are useful in the follow-up and evaluation of response to treatment. Hormonal therapy is the optimal treatment option in low grade metastatic breast cancer due to low toxicity and general long term good response. We present a breast cancer case treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The patient was asymptomatic during the follow-up and multiple bone metastases were diagnosed as a result of an increased CA 15.3 marker found. Hormone therapy was the recommended initial treatment with good response and tolerance. Bone lesions remained stabilized for 7 years but after treatment suspension new bone lesions appeared. CA 15.3 marker had increased again. Reintroduction of hormonal therapy achieved again the stabilization of the lesions

242

Aggressive Ewing's sarcoma appearing as a cold lesion on bone scan; Sarcome d'Ewing agressif apparaissant comme une lesion froide sur la scintigraphie osseuse  

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Ewing's sarcoma classically presents as a hot spot on bone scan as a result of increased vascularity of the tumor and new bone formation. Purpose We report and analyze an uncommon pattern of a 'cold' lesion in Ewing's sarcoma on bone scan and its pathophysiologic significance. Case report A 15-year-old boy complaining of thigh pain. CT scan evoked Ewing's sarcoma or osteitis. MRI evoked chronic osteitis. Scintigraphy showed a fairly intense and heterogeneous uptake on the femoral lesion and no abnormal uptake elsewhere. Biopsy showed none pathologic pattern. Three months later, a second biopsy concluded to Ewing's sarcoma. Bone scan showed a larger lesion with peripheral intense uptake centered by enlarged 'cold' area in the left femoral diaphysis and no evident bone metastasis. The patient underwent chemotherapy and surgery. Three months later, bone scan showed extensive skeletal metastasis. Conclusion Ewing's sarcoma appears usually as an intense lesion on bone scan. Nevertheless, decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake or 'cold' lesion may be seen in aggressive Ewing's sarcoma with lytic tumor, growth of which is very rapid and bony reaction is minimal. (authors)

Chatti, K.; Guezguez, M.; Maha Ben Fredj, M.; Sfar, R.; Essabbah, H. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. de Medecine Nucleaire, Sahloul (Tunisia); Mtaoumi, M. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. d' Orthopedie, Sousse (Tunisia); Chatti, K. [Faculte de Medecine de Monastir, Lab. de Biophysique, Monastir (Tunisia)

2009-10-15

243

Space-occupying, inflammatory and dyplastic lesions of the cranio-cervical junction seen in nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lesions of the cranio-cervical junction have acquired a special place amongst lesions of the posterior cranial fossa and the upper cervical region. This is due to the unusually long period between the appearance of the first symptoms and reaching a conclusive diagnosis. Frequently such lesions cannot be detected by either normal X-rays or conventional tomographic techniques. The introduction, however, of computer tomography (CT) and, in particular, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has made the examination of the critical zone of the cranio-cervical junction much easier and the diagnosis of thee lesions has now become largely dependent upon those techniques. Because soft tissue contrast is intrinsic to MRI this technique, in particular, has made possible substantial improvements in the quality of images of ligaments and soft tissue than those provided by standard CT. In this paper, the advantages which are provided by MRI in the context of the diagnosis of non-bony lesions in the cranio-cervical region are presented and discussed

244

Implante de biomateriais e a consolidação óssea em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia Influence of biomaterials on the bony consolidation in spayed female dogs  

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Full Text Available Avaliou-se a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e hidroxiapatita com colágeno na aceleração da consolidação óssea do rádio de cadelas adultas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia (OSH. Utilizaram-se 14 cadelas adultas, distribuídas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo-controle e grupo OSH (submetidas à OSH. Quatro meses após a OSH, as cadelas dos dois grupos foram submetidas à cirurgia para produção de uma falha óssea de 4mm de diâmetro nos terços distal e proximal do rádio. No terço distal do membro direito, foi utilizada a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e, no membro esquerdo, a hidroxiapatita com colágeno; no terço proximal, não se utilizou nenhum biomaterial. Houve retardo na consolidação das falhas ósseas nas cadelas submetidas à OSH comparadas com as não submetidas. A hidroxiapatita com alandronato acelerou o processo de reparação e, em todos os animais dos dois grupos, a densidade óssea foi significativamente maior no terço distal onde foi implantada. Os dois biomateriais apresentaram biocompatibilidade, constatada pela ausência de reação inflamatória ou outra reação indesejável.The hydroxyapatite with alendronate and hydroxyapatite with collagen were evaluated in the acceleration of the bony consolidation of adult spayed bitch radius. For that, 14 adult bitches were distributed in two groups (control and spayed. Four months after ovariohysterectomy, the groups were submitted to the surgery for production of a 4mm diameter bony flaw in the distal and proximal third regions of the radius. In the distal region of the right thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with alendronate was used. In the distal region of the left thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with collagen was used. Any biomaterial was used in proximal part of the limb. There was a retard in bony flaws consolidation in the spayed bitches. Hydroxyapatite with alendronate showed better result, since the place it was implanted considerably increased the bony formation. Both biomaterials presented biocompatibility, verified by the absence of inflammatory reaction or other undesirable reaction.

A.I. Roque-Rodriguez

2009-10-01

245

Evaluation of pelvic lymph node coverage of conventional radiotherapy fields based on bony landmarks in Chinese cervical cancer patients using CT simulation  

OpenAIRE

Objective: To evaluate the pelvic lymph node coverage of conventional pelvic fields based on bony landmarks in Chinese patients with cervical cancer by using computed tomography (CT) simulation images to contour pelvic vessels as substitutes for lymph nodes location. Methods: A retrospective review of CT simulation images and conventional pelvic radiation planning data sets was performed in 100 patients with cervical cancer at the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) S...

Zhang, Xiang; Yu, Hua

2009-01-01

246

Bony regeneration effect of electron-beam irradiated hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate mixtures with 7 to 3 ratio in the caravel defect model of rat  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect and potential of electron beam irradiation treatment to the new bone formation in the rat calvarial bony defects by using of 7 to 3 ratios of hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate mixed with type I collagen. We used 1.0 MeV linear accelerator and 2.0 MeV superconductive linear accelerator with different irradiation dose, such as 1, 30, 60 kGy. And 10.0 MeV high frequency superconductive linear accelerator was also used. In six different experimental groups, the defect of every three rate was filled with E-beam irradiated bony mixtures, which different energy and dose, and that of rats without E-beam irradiated bony mixtures can be compared with out previous results. The other three rats were used as sham group. Rats were sacrificed after 4, 8, and 16 weeks, and grafted healing specimens were studied by clinical and radiographic findings, histomorphologic staining with hematoxylin and eosin. The large particular size of HLA was changed to small particles after E-beam irradiation, to which small particle of TEPC was engaged to small sexed HLA with organic collagen components in Seam findings. Abundant endothelial cells with preciosity were found around inner portions of grafted healing bone and many couplings of osteoblast with osteoclast in Tem findings were found in every experimental groups

247

Bony regeneration effect of electron-beam irradiated hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate mixtures with 7 to 3 ratio in the caravel defect model of rat  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect and potential of electron beam irradiation treatment to the new bone formation in the rat calvarial bony defects by using of 7 to 3 ratios of hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate mixed with type I collagen. We used 1.0 MeV linear accelerator and 2.0 MeV superconductive linear accelerator with different irradiation dose, such as 1, 30, 60 kGy. And 10.0 MeV high frequency superconductive linear accelerator was also used. In six different experimental groups, the defect of every three rate was filled with E-beam irradiated bony mixtures, which different energy and dose, and that of rats without E-beam irradiated bony mixtures can be compared with out previous results. The other three rats were used as sham group. Rats were sacrificed after 4, 8, and 16 weeks, and grafted healing specimens were studied by clinical and radiographic findings, histomorphologic staining with hematoxylin and eosin. The large particular size of HLA was changed to small particles after E-beam irradiation, to which small particle of TEPC was engaged to small sexed HLA with organic collagen components in Seam findings. Abundant endothelial cells with preciosity were found around inner portions of grafted healing bone and many couplings of osteoblast with osteoclast in Tem findings were found in every experimental groups.

Kim, Soung Min; Eo, Mi Young; Kang, Ji Young; Myoung, Hoon; Lee, Jong Ho [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Hye Jin [Korea Basic Science Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Yea, Kwon Hae; Lee, Byung Cheol [Korea Atomic Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2011-07-01

248

FEM Study Cervical Lesions Mechanism  

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Full Text Available The causes of dental abfraction used to be a controversial subject. Although mechanical theory gained popularity, the mechanism of formation of cervical lesions is not fully explained. This approach points to the conclusion that the cervical area of the tooth, where this type of lesion usually occurs, concentrates the stress resulted from the action of the forces applied on various areas of the crown. Moreover, any lesion in the cervical area facilitates the possibility of its advance into the tooth, ultimately fracturing it. Our paper presents the mechanical analysis using the finite elements method (FEM of a tooth under two different loads.

Ligia Brezeanu

2010-12-01

249

Differential diagnosis of sacral lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors reviewed the teaching files of Temple University Hospital and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and selected the best representative cases of various lesions of the sacrum. They selected the following lesions: metastasis, chondrosarcoma, chrodoma, plasmacytoma, giant cell tumor, osteogenic sarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma, neurofibrosarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, osteoblastoma, ossifying fibroma, eosinophilic granuloma, aneurysmal bone cyst, sacrococcygeal teratoma, anterior meningocele, endodermal sinus tumor, and stress fracture. The authors illustrate, for each lesion, the likely age range, sights of predilection, likelihood of occurrence in the sacrum, and radiographic findings helpful in limiting the differential diagnosis. They demonstrate the value of bone scintigraphy in detecting, and CT in confirming, stress fractures of the sacrum

250

PHAEOHYPHOMYCOSIS: CUTANEOUS, SUBCUTANEOUS, NASOPHARYNGEAL LESIONS  

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Full Text Available Phaeohyphomycosis is an amalgam of clinical diseases caused by a wide variety of dematiaceous fungi. We are reporting on a 16 year-old patient from Amol with subcutaneous cervical nodes and nasopharyngeal lesions of phaeohypho"nmycosis that were confirmed by pathological examination, direct smear, and culture. After treatment with an oral triazole (Itraconazole for 4 months, all nodes and lesions disappeared and treatment was stopped A new lesion appeared on his chest wall 8 months, therapy with itraconazole was restarted and commuted for a long time.

M. Rasoolinejad

1999-06-01

251

Corrective and reconstructive surgery in patients with postburn heterotopic ossification and bony ankylosis: an evidence-based approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Articular heterotopic ossification (HO) and subsequent bony ankylosis (BA) are infrequent yet devastating complications of severe burn injuries. These conditions are diagnosed clinically and confirmed by imaging. Patients then begin active physical therapy until cleared for surgery, which remains the standard of care. This study critically reviews the existing literature on the diagnosis, treatment, and surgical outcomes of HO/BA in severely burned patients and provides an evidence-based treatment algorithm. A comprehensive search for all the studies addressing HO and BA after burn injury was conducted using PubMed and Google Scholar from 1957 to 2013. Fifty-one studies on postburn HO/BA have been published, reporting incidences from 0.1 to 35.3%. Most patients suffered from third-degree, thermal burns, with a mean TBSA of 49 ± 14%. The mean time from burn until diagnosis was 7 ± 11 months. Seventy-nine percent of the affected joints were elbows and 84% had adjacent and/or overlying burns. Ninety-one percent of joints had solely extra-articular HO. Ninety percent of HO/BA cases were treated with anatomic excision, and all achieved appreciable increases in range of motion with infrequent recurrence. Perioperative radiotherapy was used infrequently. Surgical articular reconstruction is the standard of care for postburn HO/BA severe enough to limit joint movement and/or function. Early detection and initiation of physical therapy are paramount in preventing progression to complete BA. Increased awareness and more rapid means of detecting postburn articular changes may permit earlier discontinuation of passive range of motion exercises, thereby halting the initiation and progression of HO. PMID:25159555

Pontell, Matthew E; Sparber, Lauren S; Chamberlain, Ronald S

2015-01-01

252

Post-radiotherapeutic heart lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Heart structures have traditionally been considered radioresistant. In fact all tissues subjected to radiotherapy can develop lesions. Possible damage includes: - pericardiac fibrosis, the commonest and best individualized, associated with a constriction this leads to a stoppage pattern usually occurring late, around the 18th month. Its frequency depends directly on the total radiation dose; - fibrous myocarditis by direct damage to the heart muscle; - stenosis type lesions of the large coronary trunks; - in exceptional cases lesions of the aorta: hyperplastic degenerescence of the intima and adventitia or of the aortic sigmoid valvules and the mitral valves. Three observations are reported, concerning a coronary, a pericardiac and a coronary, myocardiac and pericardiac lesion. Following this account the irradiation techniques and main experimental data are reviewed and the prophylactic and therapeutic consequences to be derived from our observations and those of the literature are examined

253

Osteochondral lesions of the elbow.  

Science.gov (United States)

Osteochondral lesions of the elbow are injuries that disrupt the cartilage and subjacent bone, and they most commonly involve the capitellum. The staging, prognosis, and treatment of osteochondral lesions in the elbow are based on a combination of radiographic, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopic findings. Radiographic staging includes the radiolucent, separation, and free (advanced) stages. MR imaging features of instability include cysts, osteochondral fracture, T2 hyperintense rim, subchondral plate defects, and fluid-filled osteochondral defects. Finally, arthroscopic grading of osteochondral lesions increases in severity based on findings of softened cartilage, cartilage fissuring, exposed bone, loose but nondisplaced fragments, and eventually displaced fragments resulting in intra-articular bodies. This pictorial review focuses on osteochondral lesions in the capitellum and trochlea including osteochondritis dissecans, Panner disease, and acute trauma. PMID:24327409

Bancroft, Laura W; Pettis, Christopher; Wasyliw, Christopher; Varich, Laura

2013-11-01

254

MRI of Focal Liver Lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic resonance imaging, MRI has more advantages than ultrasound, computed tomography, CT, positron emission tomography, PET, or any other imaging modality in diagnosing focal hepatic masses. With a combination of basic T1 and T2 weighted sequences, diffusion weighted imaging, DWI, and hepatobiliary gadolinium contrast agents, that is gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) and gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB), most liver lesions can be adequately diagnosed. Benign lesions, as cyst, hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia, FNH or adenoma, can be distinguished from malignant lesions. In a non-cirrhotic liver, the most common malignant lesions are metastases which may be hypovascular or hypervascular. In the cirrhotic liver hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC, is of considerable importance. Besides, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and other less common malignancies has to be assessed. In this review, the techniques and typical MRI features are presented as well as the new algorithm issued by American Association for the Study of the Liver Diseases (AASLD). PMID:23049491

Albiin, Nils

2012-05-01

255

Abfraction lesions reviewed: current concepts  

OpenAIRE

Non-carious cervical lesions are characterized by structural loss near the cementoenamel junction, without the presence of caries. Anumber of theories have arisen to explain the etiology of such lesions, although the real causes remain obscure, as is reflected by the contradictory terminology used in the literature. In addition to describing acidic and abrasive processes documented as etiological factors, attention is given to the role of mechanical stress from occlusal load, which is the mos...

Adriana de Fátima Vasconcelos Pereira; Isis Andréa Venturini Pola Poiate; Edgard Poiate Junior; Walter Gomes Miranda Junior

2008-01-01

256

Apraxia in deep cerebral lesions.  

OpenAIRE

In a series of 50 patients with cerebrovascular lesions (demonstrated with CT scan), seven patients had lesions located in the basal ganglia and/or thalamus. All these seven patients were apractic. Ideomotor apraxia was present in all patients; five also had constructional apraxia, and one had bucco-facial apraxia. None of the patients had utilisation apraxia. These observations indicated that apraxia is not only a "high cerebral (cortical) function", but may depend also on the integrity of s...

Agostoni, E.; Coletti, A.; Orlando, G.; Tredici, G.

1983-01-01

257

Head and neck vascular lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vascular lesions of the head and neck are complex and diverse. These include infantile hemangioma, venous malformations, lymphatic malformations, and arteriovenous malformations, among others. Vascular malformations and tumors display different growth patterns and require different approaches to treatment. Therefore, accurate diagnosis is of utmost importance. This article is a guide for the diagnosis and management of vascular lesions of the head and neck. PMID:25439548

Hoff, Stephen R; Rastatter, Jeffrey C; Richter, Gresham T

2015-02-01

258

MRI of Focal Liver Lesions  

OpenAIRE

Magnetic resonance imaging, MRI has more advantages than ultrasound, computed tomography, CT, positron emission tomography, PET, or any other imaging modality in diagnosing focal hepatic masses. With a combination of basic T1 and T2 weighted sequences, diffusion weighted imaging, DWI, and hepatobiliary gadolinium contrast agents, that is gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) and gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB), most liver lesions can be adequately diagnosed. Benign lesions, as cyst, hemangioma, focal nod...

Albiin, Nils

2012-01-01

259

MRI atlas of MS lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

MRI has become the main paraclinical test in the diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis. We have demonstrated more than 400 pictures of different typical and atypical MS lesions in this atlas. Each image has a teaching point. New diagnostic criteria and differential diagnosis are discussed and the book is supported by a teaching DVD where the reader can see MS lesions in different slices and sequences. (orig.)

Sahraian, Mohammad Ali [Tehran Univ. of Medical Sciences Sina Hospital (Iran). Dept. of Neurology; Radue, Ernst-Wilhelm [Univ. Hospital Basel (Switzerland). Dept. of Neuroradiology

2008-07-01

260

Charakterystyka grzybów izolowanych z ?o??dka u chorych z wrzodami oraz z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wst?p: Wyst?powanie kolonizacji grzybiczej wrzodów ?o??dka dotyczy 30-50% populacji chorych z endoskopowo rozpoznanym wrzodem ?o??dka. Badania potwierdzi?y, ?e kolonizacja grzybicza b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka wp?ywa na proces gojenia wrzodu ?o??dka. Cel pracy: Celem przeprowadzonych bada? by?a: 1 ocena wyst?powania grzybów w materia?ach klinicznych pobranych z ?o??dka od chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka oraz przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka, 2 okre?lenie aktywno?ci proteolitycznej izolowanych szczepów grzybów - jednego z czynników patogenno?ci Candida spp. Materia? i metody: Badaniem mitologicznym obj?to 29 chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka oraz 60 z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka. Zbadano 261 próbek pobranych podczas badania endoskopowego. St??enie grzybów w materia?ach klinicznych (CFU/ml okre?lono na podstawie badania ilo?ciowego. Identyfikacj? grzybów przeprowadzono, stosuj?c: pod?o?e Albicans ID 2 oraz testy ID 32C odczytywane w systemie ATB (bioMerieux. Do okre?lenia aktywno?ci proteolitycznej szczepów Candida zastosowano metod? spektrofotometryczn?. Pomiar absorbancji supernatantów badanych szczepów odczytywano w spektrofotometrze przy d?ugo?ci fali 380 nm. Wyniki: U 20,7% chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka oraz 5% z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka stwierdzono klinicznie istotne st??enie grzybów, odpowiadaj?ce >105 CFU/ml. W badaniu mikologicznym 85 próbek pobranych od chorych z wrzodem ?o??dka wyhodowano grzyby z gatunków: C. glabrata (23%, C. albicans (21,9%, C. kefyr (2,3%, C. krusei (1.1%. U osób z przewlek?ym zapaleniem b?ony ?luzowej ?o??dka C. glabrata izolowano tylko w 2,8%, natomiast C. albicans w 15.7%. Szczepy charakteryzowa?y si? ró?n? aktywno?ci? proteolityczn?. Szczepy C. glabrata wykaza?y silniejsze w?a?ciwo?ci proteolityczne w porównaniu do C. albicans. Wnioski: Wyniki uzyskane z przeprowadzonych bada? mog? by? wykorzystane w epidemiologii oraz terapii zaka?e? grzybiczych.

Alicja Budak

2002-03-01

261

Pineal lesions: a multidisciplinary challenge.  

Science.gov (United States)

The pineal region is a complex anatomical compartment, harbouring the pineal gland surrounded by the quadrigeminal plate and the confluents of the internal cerebral veins to form the vein of Galen. The complexity of lesions in that region, however, goes far beyond the pineal parenchyma proper. Originating in the pineal gland, there are not only benign cysts but also numerous different tumour types. In addition, lesions such as tectal gliomas, tentorial meningiomas and choroid plexus papillomas arise from the surrounding structures, occupying that regions. Furthermore, the area has an affinity for metastatic lesions. Vascular lesions complete the spectrum mainly as small tectal arteriovenous malformations or cavernous haemangiomas.Taken together, there is a wide spectrum of lesions, many unique to that region, which call for a multidisciplinary approach. The limited access and anatomical complexity have generated a spectrum of anatomical approaches and raised the interest for neuroendoscopic approaches. Equally complex is the spectrum of treatment modalities such as microsurgery as the main option but stereotactic radiosurgery as an alternative or adjuvant to surgery for selected cases, radiation as for germinoma (see below) and or combinatorial chemotherapy, which may need to precede any other ablative technique as constituents.In this context, we review the current literature and our own series to obtain a snapshot sentiment of how to approach pineal lesions, how to interrelate alternative/competing concepts and review the recent technological advances. PMID:25411146

Westphal, Manfred; Emami, Pedram

2015-01-01

262

Investigation of CT and MRI findings of cranio-orbital communicating lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate CT and MRI findings of cranio-orbital communicating lesions so as to find out communicating passages and their imaging features. Methods: Fifty-one cases of cranio-orbital communicating lesions confirmed by pathology and follow-up results were studied. CT was performed in all cases and MRI in 45 cases. Post-contrast CT and MRI was completed in 44 cases. Results: There were 31 cases (60.8%) with lesions communicating between the orbital cavity and the cranial cavity through optic canal or superior orbital fissure showing communicating soft tissue mass and enlargement of optic canal or superior orbital fissure. Four cases of optic gliomas involving optic nerve and optic chiasm, three cases with meningiomas of optic nerve sheath, and 2 cases with retinoblastoma involving optic nerve and optic chiasm showed cranio-orbital communicating masses through the optic canal. Cranio-orbital communicating mass with enlargement of superior orbital fissure was found in 22 patients including 5 meningiomas, 4 neurogenic tumors, 1 dermoid cyst, 3 inflammatory pseudotumors, 2 Tolosa-Hunt syndromes and 7 metastases from nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In addition, 20 of 51 cases (39.2%) communicated through perforating blood vessels or bony defect resulted from tumor destruction. Of these lesions, there were 10 metastases showing bone destruction in orbital walls, 5 cases with en plaque meningiomas of sphenoid bone with marked hyperostosis and widespread dural involvemhyperostosis and widespread dural involvement, 1 chondrosarcoma involving frontal lobe and orbit, 3 adenoid cystic carcinomas involving frontal lobe, and 1 malignant meningioma with bone destruction of the superior orbital wall. Conclusion: CT and MRI could definitely demonstrate communicating passages of cranio-orbital communicating lesions and their imaging changes, which could contribute to diagnosis and differential diagnosis and provide valuable information for determining treatment measures and surgical approach

263

Cystic parotid gland lesion evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated differential diagnoses of cystic parotid gland lesions and the efficacy of preoperative diagnosis. Of 191 parotid gland nodules resected between January 2003 and October 2008, 167 (87%) were benign and 24 (13%) malignant. Thirty-five parotid gland nodules whose components were almost cystic were enrolled in this study. All cystic lesions were retrospectively evaluated with respect to preoperative diagnostic examinations and histopathological confirmed diagnosis. Cystic components in surgical specimens were also evaluated histopathologically. The relationships with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and histopathological confirmed diagnosis were studied. Of 35 cystic lesions, 11 were complete cystic masses and had no mural nodules, while remaining 24 were incomplete and had mural nodules. Histopathological examinations showed that 5 were nonneoplastic, 27 were cystic degenerations of benign tumors, and 3 were cystic degenerations of malignant tumors. In the 11 complete cysts, preoperative diagnosis could not be made using any modality, whether with fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), salivary scintigraphy, or 67-gallium citrate scintigraphy. Of 24 incomplete cysts, only 9 cystic Warthin tumors were diagnosed correctly before surgery. Studies of cystic components in MRI and histopathology suggested that hemorrhagic degeneration of malignant tumors should be kept in mind for cystic lesions showing hemorrhagic portions. Cystic parotid gland lesionsgic portions. Cystic parotid gland lesions are difficult to diagnose correctly before surgery, but the evaluation of cystic components by MRI and FNAC is helpful in differentiating between benign and malignant tumors. (author)

264

Lesiones focales hepáticas en niños / Focal liver lesions in children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones focales del hígado comprenden un grupo heterogéneo de entidades como tumores benignos y malignos, sólidos o quistes, vasculares, masas inflamatorias y metástasis, entre otras. Objetivo: reportar lesiones focales hepáticas en niños, características clínicas, estudios por im [...] ágenes y conducta terapéutica. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, basado en la revisión de 16 historias clínicas de niños con lesiones focales hepáticas en el periodo comprendido entre enero 2007 a enero 2012. Se excluyeron los abscesos hepáticos. Resultados: El 68,75%11 eran del sexo masculino y 31,25%5 del sexo femenino; con edad promedio de 9,5 años (rango: 10 días - 14 años). Las lesiones focales benignas fueron: hemangioma 4/16 (25%), hematoma hepático 4/16 (25%), quiste hepático 3/16 (18,75%), hiperplasia nodular focal 1/16 (6,25%) adenoma 1/16 (6,25%) y las malignas: hepatocarcinoma 2/16 (12,50%) y hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6,25%). La mayoría de los pacientes (56,25%) se encontraban asintomáticos, 3/16 (18,75%) presentaron dolor abdominal, 3/16 (18,75%) masa palpable y 2/16 (12,5%) ictericia. La lesión fue identificada por ultrasonido abdominal en todos los pacientes y sólo el 56,25% (9/16) ameritaron tomografía con contraste. Al 43,75% (7/16) se les realizó marcadores tumorales y de estos el 42,85% (3/7) reportaron neoplasias. El funcionalismo hepático reportó normal en el 75% de los casos. Conclusión: El ultrasonido abdominal es el método de elección para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las lesiones focales hepáticas, mientras el origen de las mismas, guía la conducta terapéutica. Abstract in english Introduction: focal liver lesions comprise a heterogeneous group of entities such as benign and malignant, solid or cysts, vascular, inflammatory masses and metastasis among others. Objective: To report focal liver lesions in children, clinical features, imaging and therapeutic behavior. Patients an [...] d Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study based on a review of 16 case histories of children with focal liver lesions in the period from January 2007 to January 2012. Liver abscesses were excluded. Results: 68.75%11 were male and 31.25%5 females, mean age 9.5 years (range: 10 days - 14 years). Focal lesions were benign: Hemangioma 4/16 (25%), liver hematoma 4/16 (25%), hepatic cyst 3/16 (18.75%), nodular focal hyperplasia 1/16 (6.25%) and adenomas 1/16 (6.25%) and malignant: Hepatocellular carcinoma 2/16 (12.50%) and hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6.25%). Most patients (56.25%) were asymptomatic, 3/16 (18.75%) had abdominal pain, 3/16 (18.75%) and palpable mass 2/16 (12.5%) jaundice. The lesion was identified by abdominal ultrasound in all patients and only 56.25% (9/16) needed tomography with contrast. To 43.75% (7/16) underwent tumor markers and of these 42.85% (3/7) reported neoplasm. Normal hepatic function reported in 75% of cases. Conclusion: An abdominal ultrasound is the method of choice for the diagnosis and management of focal liver lesions, while the origin of them, guide therapeutic conduct.

Adalis, Rossell; Dianora, Navarro; Karolina, López; Enicar, Perla; Betzabeth, Quintana; Credy, Figueredo; Andrea, Nogales; Katiuska, Belandria.

2013-06-01

265

The radiology in the solitary bone lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Three methods of radiologic analysis of the solitary bone lesions are reviewed. 1. Radiological analysis of the lesions with the objective to suppose the histologic type; 2. To appreciate the velocity of growth and aggressiveness of the lesions. 3. To appreciate the biological behaviour of the bone lesions, making the diagnosis necessary for the treatment. (M.A.C.)

266

Abfraction lesions reviewed: current concepts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Non-carious cervical lesions are characterized by structural loss near the cementoenamel junction, without the presence of caries. Anumber of theories have arisen to explain the etiology of such lesions, although the real causes remain obscure, as is reflected by the contradictory terminology used in the literature. In addition to describing acidic and abrasive processes documented as etiological factors, attention is given to the role of mechanical stress from occlusal load, which is the most accepted theory for the development of abfraction lesions. Considering that tensile stress leads to the failure of restorations in the cervical region and that this is a fruitful area for future research, the present study has highlighted diagnosis, prognosis and the criteria for treatment.

Adriana de Fátima Vasconcelos Pereira

2008-01-01

267

Round pulmonary lesions in children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Pediatric radiology means application of diagnostic methods in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the diseases during the period of infancy and childhood. Interpretation of the child's chest radiograph is probably the most difficult plain film problem presented to the radiologists with a predominantly adult practise. Radiological findings as well as the pathological entities are often different in children then in adults and this could lead to incorrect interpretation with determination of inappropriate management and unnecessary additional investigations. The aim of the study is radiological assesment of the round pulmonary lesions in the childhood,using the classical and modern 'imaging' methods. What is round lesions? The symptom round lesions included pulmonary pathological lesions, which in radiological examination in one projection are giving one or more shadows with a round(oval) shape and a diameter greater than 1 cm. For that purpose and for appropriate statistical analysis, the total pathology is systematized into three groups: inflammations, parasite diseases and tumors of mediastinum. Conventional radiography remains the basic examination and most frequently used method in the evaluation of all thoracic abnormalities. The main task of the radiologist is to suggest further 'imaging' procedure,having into account the advantages and shortcomings of each method separately. From the general statistical analysis it is clear that mos statistical analysis it is clear that most of the patients with round pulmonary lesions in the childhood are boys and having parasite etiology of the shadow. They are followed by inflammatory lesions with non-specific and specific etiology and tumors in the mediastinum.

268

Can Small Lesions Induce Language Reorganization as Large Lesions Do?  

Science.gov (United States)

Shift of the cortical mechanisms of language from the usually dominant left to the non-dominant right hemisphere has been demonstrated in the presence of large brain lesions. Here, we report a similar phenomenon in a patient with a cavernoma over the anterolateral superior temporal gyrus associated with epilepsy. Language mapping was performed by…

Maestu, Fernando; Saldana, Cristobal; Amo, Carlos; Gonzalez-Hidalgo, Mercedes; Fernandez, Alberto; Fernandez, Santiago; Mata, Pedro; Papanicolaou, Andrew; Ortiz, Tomas

2004-01-01

269

Lesions of juxtacortical origin (surface lesions of bone)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A large variety of tumor and tumor-like conditions have been shown to originate from the surface of bone. Most surface lesions are associated with periosteal reaction. The periosteum is a multipotential membrane. Its cellular composition may give rise to a variety of both neoplasms and tumor-like conditions. To avoid misinterpretation, the orthopedist, radiologist, and pathologist should be familiar with the entire spectrum of surface lesions. A better understanding of the natural history and biological behavior at different lesional maturity stages and correlation of the history with the radiographic and pathological findings is essential to establish the correct diagnosis. A history of injury of blunt trauma is very important. A stress fracture may produce a periosteal reaction acd callus that can be difficult to distinguish from osteosarcoma. In this review article, the authors wish to describe and define each term by its anatomy and radiographic features while discussing the entire spectrum of surface lesions. All the illustrative cases in this review article have been proven histologically. (orig.)

270

Localized lesions in secondary syphillis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The clinical manifestations of secondary syphilis are variable and can mimic many skin diseases, mostly being generalized and symmetrical in distribution. Localized lesions of secondary syphilis are rarely seen in dermatology clinics. We report an unusual presentation wherein a patient had localized lesions over face and soles only. There is a need for increased awareness on the part of physicians to recognize new patterns of syphilitic infection, together with a willingness to consider the diagnosis of syphilis in patients with unusual clinical features. (author)

271

Imaging of extradural spinal lesions; Bildgebung extraduraler Raumforderungen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There is a wide variety of spinal extradural tumors. In addition to real neoplasms, degenerative diseases, congenital abnormalities and inflammatory disorders can be causes of extradural masses. Due to the bony boundary of the spinal canal, both benign as well as malignant masses can cause progressive neurological deficits including paraplegia. Most of the spinal tumors are benign (hemangioma of the vertebral body, degenerative diseases). In younger patients congenital abnormalities and primary tumors of the spine have to be considered, whereas in adults the list of differential diagnoses should include secondary malignancies such as metastases and lymphomas as well as metabolic disorders such as osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture and Paget's disease. Cross-sectional imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) of the spine often help to make a specific diagnosis of extradural spinal lesions and represent important tools for tumor staging and preoperative evaluation. (orig.) Das Spektrum der spinalen extraduralen Tumoren ist sehr gross. Neben echten Neoplasien koennen auch degenerative Veraenderungen und Anlagestoerungen sowie entzuendliche Veraenderungen Ursachen einer extraduralen Raumforderung sein. Aufgrund der knoechernen Begrenzung des Spinalkanals koennen neben Malignomen auch benigne Tumoren und degenerative spinale Veraenderungen zu progredienten neurologischen Ausfallsymptomen (einschliesslich Querschnittsymptomatik) fuehren. Die ueberwiegende Mehrzahl der extraduralen Raumforderungen der Wirbelsaeule ist benigne (Haemangiom des Wirbelkoerpers, degenerative Erkrankungen). Bei jungen Patienten sind Anlagestoerungen und primaere Wirbelsaeulentumoren zu beruecksichtigen, wogegen beim Erwachsenen an sekundaere Malignome, wie Metastasen und Lymphome sowie eine metabolische Erkrankung, wie die osteoporotische Wirbelkoerpersinterungsfraktur oder der Morbus Paget, differenzialdiagnostisch gedacht werden sollte. Schnittbilddiagnostische Verfahren, wie die Computertomographie und die Magnetresonanztomographie, der Wirbelsaeule ermoeglichen in vielen Faellen eine artdiagnostische Zuordnung von Wirbelsaeulenlaesionen und sind ein wichtiges Instrument fuer das Tumorstaging und die praeoperative Planung. (orig.)

Ahlhelm, F.; Schulte-Altedorneburg, G.; Naumann, N.; Reith, W. (Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Homburg/Saar); Nabhan, A. (Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar, Klinik fuer Allgemeine und Spezielle Neurochirurgie)

2006-12-15

272

Lesiones de cameron: experiencia clínica / Cameron lesions: clinical experience  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Es importante considerar a las lesiones de Cameron dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de causas de anemia por deficiencia de hierro secundarias a pérdidas gastrointestinales. Presentamos los datos demográficos, los hallazgos clínico-patológicos y el manejo terapéutico de pacientes con úlceras de Cam [...] eron evaluados en una clínica privada de Lima, Perú. Doce pacientes, nueve de ellos hombres, fueron incluidos en el reporte. La media de la edad al momento del diagnostico fue de 71 años (rango de edades 49-91 años). Cinco pacientes tuvieron anemia, uno de ellos catalogado como anemia severa. 91.7% de los pacientes presentaron hernias hiatales gigantes. Todos los pacientes con anemia tenían hiatos herniarios gigantes. Dos pacientes tuvieron pruebas positivas para infección por H. pylori. Dos pacientes refirieron crónico de anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES). Conclusiones: Las úlceras de Cameron son lesiones causantes de sangrado gastrointestinal crónico, y deben considerarse en el estudio de pacientes con anemia por déficit de hierro. Abstract in english Cameron lesions are becoming an increasingly important diagnosis in the evaluation of patients with iron deficiency anemia. We describe the demographic data, clinico-pathologic features and therapeutic outcome of a group of patients with Cameron lesions at a single private practice clinic in Lima, P [...] eru. Twelve patients (9 men) were included in the report Median age at diagnosis was 71 years (range 49-91). Five patients had anemia and one of them had severe anemia. 91.7% of our patients presented with large hiatal| hernias. There were 5 patients with anemia and large hernias. Two patients tested positive for H. pylori. Two patients reported chronic NSAIDs use. Conclusions: Cameron lesions are not an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and should be kept in mind in the study of patients with iron deficiency anemia.

Roberto J., Bernardo; Juan P., Portocarrero; Martín, Tagle.

2012-04-01

273

The added value of multislice SPECT/CT in patients with equivocal bony metastasis from carcinoma of the prostate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the additional value of single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) over whole-body planar bone scintigraphy and SPECT in prostate cancer patients in terms of diagnostic confidence, inter-reviewer agreement and the possible impact on the clinical management. This was a retrospective review of 40 consecutive prostate cancer patients (mean age 71 years) who underwent 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) whole-body planar bone scintigraphy, SPECT and SPECT/CT between April 2006 and April 2008. The images were evaluated by two independent reviewers; inter-reviewer agreement was evaluated using a weighted kappa score. Each focus of abnormal increased tracer uptake was recorded using a 4-point diagnostic confidence scale. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Fifty lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in the 40 patients were evaluated. On reporting the planar study and SPECT scans, reviewers rated 61% of lesions as equivocal. On reporting the SPECT/CT scans only 8% of lesions were rated as equivocal, 24% were rated as malignant and 68% as benign. Weighted kappa scores for inter-reviewer agreement were 0.43 for bone scintigraphy, 0.56 for SPECT and 0.87 for SPECT/CT. All were significant at p < 0.0001. Follow-up imaging confirmed the SPECT/CT diagnoses in 14 patients. The addition of SPECT/CT resulted in a significant reduction of equivocal reports; a definitive diagnosis was givel reports; a definitive diagnosis was given in the majority of the patients due to the improved diagnostic confidence compared to planar or SPECT imaging alone in prostate cancer patients with suspected bone metastases. (orig.)

274

Distance-to-Agreement Investigation of Tomotherapy's Bony Anatomy-Based Autoregistration and Planning Target Volume Contour-Based Optimization  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To compare Tomotherapy's megavoltage computed tomography bony anatomy autoregistration with the best achievable registration, assuming no deformation and perfect knowledge of planning target volume (PTV) location. Methods and Materials: Distance-to-agreement (DTA) of the PTV was determined by applying a rigid-body shift to the PTV region of interest of the prostate from its reference position, assuming no deformations. Planning target volume region of interest of the prostate was extracted from the patient archives. The reference position was set by the 6 degrees of freedom (dof)—x, y, z, roll, pitch, and yaw—optimization results from the previous study at this institution. The DTA and the compensating parameters were calculated by the shift of the PTV from the reference 6-dof to the 4-dof—x, y, z, and roll—optimization. In this study, the effectiveness of Tomotherapy's 4-dof bony anatomy–based autoregistration was compared with the idealized 4-dof PTV contour-based optimization. Results: The maximum DTA (maxDTA) of the bony anatomy-based autoregistration was 3.2 ± 1.9 mm, with the maximum value of 8.0 mm. The maxDTA of the contour-based optimization was 1.8 ± 1.3 mm, with the maximum value of 5.7 mm. Comparison of Pearson correlation of the compensating parameters between the 2 4-dof optimization algorithms shows that there is a small but statistically significant correlation in y and z (0.236 and 0.300, respectively), whereas there is very weak correlation in x and roll (0.062 and 0.025, respectively). Conclusions: We find that there is an average improvement of approximately 1 mm in terms of maxDTA on the PTV going from 4-dof bony anatomy-based autoregistration to the 4-dof contour-based optimization. Pearson correlation analysis of the 2 4-dof optimizations suggests that uncertainties due to deformation and inadequate resolution account for much of the compensating parameters, but pitch variation also makes a statistically significant contribution.

Suh, Steve, E-mail: ssuh@coh.org [Division of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Schultheiss, Timothy E. [Division of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)

2013-03-01

275

Case report 495: Oesteochondroma-like femoral lesions due to chronic professional stress in a Swiss cheese-maker  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The case is presented of a 78-year-old man who was under treatment for carcinoma of the prostate with skeletal metastasis. As an incidental finding, clinically and radiologically, bony proturbances were observed to involve the right femoral shaft, reminescent of solitary cartilaginous exostoses. This was particularly true of the osseous overgrowth arising from the anterior aspect in the middle third of the right femur. A thick apposition of periosteal new bone was observed. However, a true cartilaginous cap was not present in either lesion excluding a solitary cartilagenous exostosis. A diagnosis of chronic stress was made, associated with the patient's occupation for 34 years as a cheese-maker, resulting in the bony alterations in the right femoral shaft. The history of lifting of cheeses with a weight of up to 120 kg from the shelf to the right thigh of the patient and from there to a table for washing, presumably had caused microfractures and subperiosteal hematomas on the surface of the femur. The mechanism of injury was discussed in detail and the subject of stress injuries incurred by such individuals as professional dancers was considered. The literature was reviewed. (orig.)

276

Secondary syphilis lesions resembling pityriasis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This case report describes a male patient who presented with generalized, centrally-ulcerated papules with crusts and hypopigmented macules. Initially, differential diagnostic considerations included pityriasis lichenoides but the serology for syphilis was positive and there was a rapid response to penicillin with clearing of the lesions at the end of three weeks treatment. (author)

277

Microbiological aspects of endoperiodontal lesion  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The endoperiodontal lesion occurs when a tooth undergoing endodontic disease is united to a periodontal lesion with apical progression. Many times, the differential diagnosis between the endodontic and periodontal disease can be of difficult execution and the correct diagnosis and planing of the treatment is of main importance for a good prognosis Objective: To identify the main microorganisms within the lesion of endodontic and periodontal origin and correlate them with the endoperiodontal lesion. Literature review: The search strategy comprised the electronic studies of databases such as PubMed and Cochrane on the microbiology of the endodontic and periodontal systems through employing the following keywords: microbiology, endodontics, periodontal pocket. Results: There were similarities in the endodontic and periodontal microflora. However, the number of microorganisms within the cross infection is limited, including Bacteroides, Eubacteria, Fusobacteria, spirochaetes, Wolinella. The bacterias forming the red complex are closely related to the severity of the periodontal disease and can also participate in the pathogenesis of the periradicular abscesses. Conclusion: There are many communication routes between the periodontium and pulpal tissue, therefore the contamination from um tissue to another can occur, existing a microbiological inter-relationship between these tissues.

Cristiane Tokunaga

2013-06-01

278

Imaging of Chest Wall Lesions in Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chest wall lesions in childhood include a wide range of pathologies; Benign lesions include lipoma, neurofibroma, lymphangioma, hemangioma, and mesenchymal hamartoma."nMalignant lesions include Neuroblastoma, Rhabdo-myosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and Askin tumor."nSystemic diseases such as leukemia, lymphoma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and also infections such as tuberculosis, and actinomycosis may also cause chest wall lesions."nThe imaging characteristics of these lesions are re-viewed, but only a minority of the lesions shows diagnostic imaging features, and most of lesions re-quire biopsy and histopathological examination for "ndefinitive diagnosis."nThe role of different modalities is discussed with an emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging for demonstrating lesion morphology and local spread. Computed tomography and neuclear medicine being used mainly to assess remote disease."nIn this lecture, we discuss about imaging of chest wall lesions in children.

A. Hekmatnia

2008-01-01

279

Petrous apex lesions in the pediatric population  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A variety of abnormal imaging findings of the petrous apex are encountered in children. Many petrous apex lesions are identified incidentally while images of the brain or head and neck are being obtained for indications unrelated to the temporal bone. Differential considerations of petrous apex lesions in children include ''leave me alone'' lesions, infectious or inflammatory lesions, fibro-osseous lesions, neoplasms and neoplasm-like lesions, as well as a few rare miscellaneous conditions. Some lesions are similar to those encountered in adults, and some are unique to children. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and primary and metastatic pediatric malignancies such as neuroblastoma, rhabomyosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma are more likely to be encountered in children. Lesions such as petrous apex cholesterol granuloma, cholesteatoma and chondrosarcoma are more common in adults and are rarely a diagnostic consideration in children. We present a comprehensive pictorial review of CT and MRI appearances of pediatric petrous apex lesions. (orig.)

Radhakrishnan, Rupa [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Son, Hwa Jung [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Koch, Bernadette L. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

2014-03-15

280

Temporary removal of the posterior bony canal wall with reconstruction using microplate osteosynthesis in cholesteatoma surgery: a case series and description of the technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe the surgical technique of temporary removal of the posterior auditory canal wall with reconstruction and report the outcome of using this technique as a treatment method for cholesteatoma in a case series. In 32 cases of cholesteatoma surgery a technique of temporary removal of the posterior bony wall was applied. During primary surgery the posterior auditory canal wall was removed using an oscillating saw. For the purpose of reconstruction, the canal wall was repositioned and fixed using two titanium microplates (n = 26). In case the canal wall could not be reconstructed with osteosynthesis, either glass-ionomeric cement (BioCem™) was used for fixation (n = 4) or fibrin glue (Tissucol™) (n = 2) to support the posterior wall. The outcome includes the healing process in the first postoperative month, the absence of residual or recurrent disease and the successful reconstruction of the posterior auditory canal wall as evaluated during second-look surgery. When microplates where used, we saw healing problems of the canal skin in about 4% of patients. Recurrent cholesteatoma was found in 4 cases (14%), residual cholesteatoma in 8 ears (25%). In the osteosynthesis group, successful reconstruction was achieved in 25 patients (96%). In 3 out of 4 patients of the glass-ionomeric cement group (75%) excessive granulation tissue developed with extensive bony lysis. Temporary removal of the posterior auditory canal wall offers potential for the control of cholesteatoma. Our first results suggest that osteosynthesis allows for a good anatomical and functional reconstruction. PMID:23942812

Van der Gucht, Karen; Van Rompaey, Vincent; Vanderveken, Olivier; Van de Heyning, Paul; Claes, Jos

2014-06-01

281

Granuloma faciale with extrafacial lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 35-year-old man presented with a 7-year history of gradually enlarging plaques on his face and trunk. The first lesions had developed on both sides of the forehead and the left cheekbone (Figure 1). Four years later similar lesions appeared on his neck and back. He presented a histologic report of a biopsy specimen from a facial plaque performed 5 years earlier that was diagnostic for granuloma faciale. He had different treatments such as topical steroids and cryotherapy without improvement. The appearance of new lesions on his trunk and the gradual enlarging of the old lesions convinced the patient to seek further treatment. Physical examination revealed dusky, violaceous plaques and papules, 0.5 to 2 cm, well-circumscribed, slightly elevated, and located on the face and trunk, with mild pruritus (Figure 1 and Figure 2). Laboratory investigations, including complete blood cell count, VDRL test, antinuclear antibody test, biochemical parameters, and chest x-ray, did not reveal any abnormalities. A skin biopsy taken from the upper part of the back showed similar features to the facial lesion, detected 5 years before, revealing a dense, polymorphous infiltrate involving mid and deep dermis and displaying a diffuse and perivascular pattern (Figure 3A). A narrow grenz zone of normal collagen was consistently observed between dermal infiltrate and epidermis as well as around the pilosebaceous follicles (Figure 3A). The infiltrate mainly consisted of eosinophils and lymphocytes, but neutrophils (often displaying leukocytoclasis), macrophages, and plasma cells were also present (Figures 3B, 3C). Some mast cells were also identified by staining with toluidine blue (Figure 3D). Perivascular infiltrates were often seen, sometimes penetrating vessel walls and in association with leukocytoclasis. Hyalinization of vessel walls, extravasation of red blood cells around capillaries, and nuclear dust were also noted. The epidermis did not show any remarkable change except for slight acanthosis. A diagnosis of granuloma faciale with extrafacial lesions was made, and a systemic therapy with hydroxychloroquine (200 mg twice daily for 6 weeks) was recommended.(1,2). PMID:17483662

Rossiello, Luigi; Palla, Marco; Aiello, Francesco Saviero; Baroni, Adone; Satriano, Rocco Alfredo

2007-01-01

282

Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A theoretical framework to describe the formation of lethal mutations by radiation is presented. Lesions that are repaired (and misrepaired) in each type of experiment described (delayed plating and split dose) are assumed to be the same. In this model the same (potentially lethal) lesions cause both sublethal and potentially lethal damage. Potentially lethal damage is defined as damage which may be modified by alterations in postirradiation conditions. Sublethal damage is cellular damage whose accumulation may lead to lethality. A crucial consideration in the expression of the damage is the kind of medium in which the cells are placed during the repair period. Fresh or growth medium (F-medium) is assumed to cause fixation of damage after about 3 hours, while no fixation (only misrepair) occurs in conditioned medium (C-medium)

283

Subcellular lesions: the current position.  

OpenAIRE

There continues to be an oversimplification of the approach to correlate cellular lesions with radiation induced cell death. Both in the prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell the relationship between vital macromolecules such as DNA, RNA, membrane and proteins is not yet fully understood either in a structural or functional sense. These macromolecules are often closely associated and interdependent. In spite of these recognised relationships much work is still devoted to measuring relatively early ...

Cramp, W. A.; Edwards, J. C.; George, A. M.; Sabovljev, S. A.

1984-01-01

284

Lesions in lambs experimentally infected  

OpenAIRE

An experimental model was designed to characterize lesions in the lung of lambs inoculated with bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV). 25 Merino lambs of both sexes, with a live weight of 17+3 Kg, received an intratracheal inoculation of 20 m1 saline solution containing 1 . 2 6l~o 6 TCIDSOB RSV (strain NMK-7) per ml. Lambs were laughtered 1, 3, 7, 11 and 15 postinoculation days (PID), and histopathological, immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studi...

Masot, A. J.; Ga?zquez, A.; Regodo?n, S.; Franco, A.; Redondo, E.

1995-01-01

285

Automatic segmentation of psoriasis lesions  

Science.gov (United States)

The automatic segmentation of psoriatic lesions is widely researched these years. It is an important step in Computer-aid methods of calculating PASI for estimation of lesions. Currently those algorithms can only handle single erythema or only deal with scaling segmentation. In practice, scaling and erythema are often mixed together. In order to get the segmentation of lesions area - this paper proposes an algorithm based on Random forests with color and texture features. The algorithm has three steps. The first step, the polarized light is applied based on the skin's Tyndall-effect in the imaging to eliminate the reflection and Lab color space are used for fitting the human perception. The second step, sliding window and its sub windows are used to get textural feature and color feature. In this step, a feature of image roughness has been defined, so that scaling can be easily separated from normal skin. In the end, Random forests will be used to ensure the generalization ability of the algorithm. This algorithm can give reliable segmentation results even the image has different lighting conditions, skin types. In the data set offered by Union Hospital, more than 90% images can be segmented accurately.

Ning, Yang; Shi, Chenbo; Wang, Li; Shu, Chang

2014-10-01

286

Endothelial Lesions. Demonstration by Scintiscanning  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Collections of tracer accumulations have been noted by the authors as well as by others in the axillary regions on certain patients who have undergone pulmonary scanning. Reviewing these cases it was noted that a common denominator existed. The patients had been, almost without exception, subjected to venous catheterization with the purpose of administering intravenous fluids. A catheter had been inserted and remained in place for a variable length of time. In some cases accumulation of tracer was seen in the axillary region for on repeat lung scans several weeks after the removal of the catheter. An experimental method was developed in which focal vascular lesions were created within the vascular system. The method consisted of the use of an electrocautery electrode at the end of an intravascular catheter. Electrocautery was applied to the wall of the vessel under fluoroscopic control. After creation of the lesions, tracer doses of various substances including radiotechnetium-labelled albumin macroaggregates were introduced intravascularly. Scintiscanning techniques were used to permit visualization of the distribution of tracer. This paper discusses the distribution of tracer following the production of intravenous and intra-arterial lesions. It is expected that this technique may be applied to many situations in which the vascular endothelium is damaged. Possible applications include demonstration of vascular disease, such as thrombophlebitis, localized vasculitis as thrombophlebitis, localized vasculitis and arteriosclerotic ulceration. (author)

287

[Mammary focal scleroelastotic lesion (author's transl)].  

Science.gov (United States)

Mammary focal scleroelastotic lesions are a newly recognized entity, with mammographic and macroscopic features simulating an infiltrating carcinoma but with benign microscopic features. The authors report two cases of this mammary lesion. PMID:554196

Grosso, F; De Florio, L; Albisinni, U; Ghigi, G; Turci, G A

1979-11-01

288

Congenital cystic lesions of the lung.  

Science.gov (United States)

Congenital cystic lesions of the lung are present in 1 in 10,000-35,000 births and present as a spectrum of anomalies. Majority of these cystic lesions comprise congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations, pulmonary sequestrations, congenital lobar emphysema, and bronchogenic cysts. Most of these lesions are nowadays detected antenatally, however some will present either in the newborn or during later childhood. A review of the aetiology, classification, natural history, investigations, and treatment of congenital cystic lung lesions is discussed. PMID:25448785

Durell, Jonathan; Lakhoo, Kokila

2014-12-01

289

Disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis diagnosis based on oral lesions  

OpenAIRE

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a deep mycosis with primary lung manifestations that may present cutaneous and oral lesions. Oral lesions mimic other infectious diseases or even squamous cell carcinoma, clinically and microscopically. Sometimes, the dentist is the first to detect the disease, because lung lesions are asymptomatic, or even misdiagnosed. An unusual case of PCM with 5 months of evolution presenting pulmonary, oral, and cutaneous lesions that was diagnosed by the dentist based on...

Webber, Liana Preto; Martins, Manoela Domingues; Oliveira, Ma?rcia Gaiger; Munhoz, Etiene Andrade; Carrard, Vinicius Coelho

2014-01-01

290

Cystic lesions of the pancreas.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although cystic tumors of the pancreas are relatively rare, they constitute an increasingly important category. Advances in imaging and interventional techniques and the sharp drop in the mortality rate of pancreatic surgery have rendered pancreatic biopsies and resections commonplace specimens. Consequently, in the past two decades, the nature of many cystic tumors in this organ has been better characterized. The names of some existing entities were revised; for example, what was known as papillary-cystic tumor is now regarded as solid-pseudopapillary tumor. New entities, in particular, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and its variants, such as oncocytic and intestinal subtypes were recognized. The importance of clinical and pathologic correlation in the evaluation of these lesions was appreciated, in particular, with regards to the multifocality of these lesions, their association with invasive carcinomas, and thus their 'preinvasive' nature. Consensus criteria for the distinction of these from the ordinary precursors of adenocarcinoma, the pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, were established. The definition of mucinous cystic neoplasms was refined; ovarian-like stroma has now become almost a requirement for the diagnosis of mucinous cystic neoplasia, and defined as such, the propensity of these tumors to occur in perimenopausal women became even more striking. The validity and clinical value of classifying the pancreatic cysts of mucinous type as adenoma, borderline, CIS and invasive have been established. Related to this, the importance of thorough sampling in accurate classification of these mucinous lesions was recognized. Greater accessibility of the pancreas afforded by improved invasive as well as noninvasive modalities has also increased the detection of otherwise clinically silent cystic tumors, which has led to the recognition of more innocuous entities such as acinar cell cystadenoma and squamoid cyst of pancreatic ducts. As the significance of the cystic lesions emerged, cystic forms of otherwise typically solid tumors were also better characterized. Thus, significant developments have taken place in the classification and our understanding of pancreatic cystic tumors in the past few years, and experience with these lesions is likely to grow exponentially in the coming years. PMID:17486054

Volkan Adsay, N

2007-02-01

291

CLASSIFYING NODULAR LESIONS OF ORAL CAVITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Diagnosis of many lesions of the oral cavity is challenging to most cliniciansbecause of their uncommon prevalence. A number of cystic, osteodystrophic,microbial, tumor and tumor like lesions of the oral cavity are present withcharacteristic exophytic/raised surface; which makes their diagnosis and studysimpler. The present article is attempted at classifying the common nodular lesions ofthe oral cavity.

Sumit Bhateja

2013-07-01

292

Lytic clavicular lesions in fibromatosis colli  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two patients with fibromatosis colli (congenital torticollis) presented with lytic lesions in the clavicle at the insertion of the fibrosed clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Biopsy of one lesion showed intraosseous fibrosis. These lesions are probably not uncommon but radiographs are rarely performed in uncomplicated cases. (orig.)

293

Lytic clavicular lesions in fibromatosis colli  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Two patients with fibromatosis colli (congenital torticollis) presented with lytic lesions in the clavicle at the insertion of the fibrosed clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Biopsy of one lesion showed intraosseous fibrosis. These lesions are probably not uncommon but radiographs are rarely performed in uncomplicated cases.

Sartoris, D.J.; Parker, B.R.; Mochizuki, R.M.

1983-06-01

294

Use of enamel matrix protein derivative with minimally invasive surgical approach in intra-bony periodontal defects: clinical and patient-centered outcomes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente após abordagem cirúrgica minimamente invasiva (CMI) associada à aplicação das proteínas derivadas da matriz do esmalte (PDE) no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos. Doze pacientes apresentando um sítio com profundidad [...] e de sondagem >5 mm e sangramento à sondagem , associado à evidência radiográfica de defeito infra-ósseo, foram tratados com CMI e aplicação das PDE. Os parâmetros clínicos foram avaliados imediatamente antes do procedimento e após 3 e 6 meses. A percepção de dor e desconforto do paciente durante o período trans-cirúrgico e ao longo da primeira semana de pós-operatório, bem como a satisfação estética 6 meses após o tratamento, foram avaliadas por meio de questionários. Os resultados mostraram que o uso da CMI associada à aplicação de PDE promoveu melhoras estatisticamente significantes nos parâmetros clínicos, mínima dor e desconforto e máxima satisfação estética aos pacientes. Dentro dos limites do estudo, foi demonstrado que a associação de CMI e PDE, no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos, é capaz de promover satisfatórios resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente. Abstract in english This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >5 mm and bleedi [...] ng on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect were treated by MIST associated with EMD. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Patient perception during the intraoperative period and during the first postoperative week was evaluated. The use of MIST with EDM promoted significant improvements in clinical parameters, minimal pain/discomfort and maximum esthetics satisfaction. Within of limits of the present study, it could be shown that MIST combined with EMD for the treatment of intra-bony defects promotes satisfactory clinical and patient-centered outcomes.

Fernanda Vieira, Ribeiro; Francisco Humberto, Nociti Júnior; Enilson Antonio, Sallum; Antonio Wilson, Sallum; Márcio Zaffalon, Casati.

2010-01-01

295

Transitional carcinoma with extensive invasion of the bony orbit in a dog / Carcinoma transicional com invasão dos ossos da órbita em um cão  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um cão da raça Pointer Inglês, de 12 anos de idade, foi encaminhado para avaliação clínica por apresentar aumento de volume no canto temporal (medial) da órbita direita, o qual estava causando deformidade facial. O cão apresentava epífora, secreção nasal mucopurulenta, epistaxe, dispnésia e perda de [...] peso progressiva. Uma massa foi observada na cavidade oral, próxima aos dentes pré-molares, do lado direito da face. Suspeitou-se de proliferação neoplásica baseando-se nos testes auxiliares, entre os quais: radiografia craniana e oral, ultrassonografia ocular e tomografia computadorizada. A análise histopatológica da massa revelou tratar-se de carcinoma transicional envolvendo as cavidades oral e nasal, os ossos da maxila e da órbita, além do espaço retrobulbar. Os tumores da cavidade nasal representam aproximadamente 2% de todos os tumores diagnosticados nessa espécie. O carcinoma transicional é o segundo tipo de neoplasia epitelial maligna mais comum nos seios nasais de cães. Este trabalho descreve a destruição extensiva dos tecidos moles e dos ossos da face e chama atenção para o fato de que esse tipo de neoplasia deve ser considerado nas doenças da órbita. Abstract in english A 12-year-old male English Pointer was examined due to a soft-tissue swelling at the medial canthus of the right orbital region, which was causing facial deformity. The dog had epiphora, purulent nasal discharge, epistaxis, dyspnea, and progressive weight loss. An intraoral mass was observed near th [...] e right maxillary premolars. Neoplastic disease was diagnosed based on ancillary tests, which included blood work, skull and intraoral radiographs, ocular ultrasonography and computed tomography. Histopathology revealed transitional carcinoma involving the nasal and oral cavities, maxilla, bony orbit and retrobulbar space. Nasal tumors represent approximately 2% of all tumors diagnosed in this species. Transitional carcinoma is the second most common type of malignant epithelial tumor in the nasal sinuses. This case illustrates the extensive destruction of the soft and bony tissues of the face, including the bony orbit that this type of tumor can cause.

S.C.C.S., Paiva; J., Werner; F., Montiani-Ferreira; T.R., Froes; M., Machado; L., Olbertz; L., Lima; I., Langohr.

1017-10-01

296

[Penile dermatological lesions: how to identify premalignant lesions?].  

Science.gov (United States)

Penile squamous cell carcinoma is a highly evolving tumor. Thus an early diagnosis is a major matter in order to avoid tumoral spread and mutilating surgery. Intra-epithelial neoplasia is a carcinoma in situ involving a disorganized cytological structure and intraepithelial architecture without any change on the derma. It has a bimodal pathogenesis: it can be induced by papilloma virus HPV infection and thus Bowen's disease or Bowenoïd papulosis, or by a lichen sclerosus. Bowen's disease concerns mainly men after 50 years old. There are not any spontaneous remission and it transforms slowly in 20-30% of the cases into a squamous cell carcinoma. Its treatment is surgical removal of the lesion. The Bowenoïd papulosis concerns mainly young men. These lesions are rarely invasive and are likely to regress spontaneously. It can be treated conservatively. The lichen sclerosis is an inflammatory chronic disease which etiology is still unknown. It is localized on the glans and the prepuce. Its treatment is essentially circumcision. After treatment, patients must be followed-up and biopsies must be performed for any sign of degeneration. PMID:21397829

Bigot, P; Longvert, C

2011-03-01

297

Hyperspectral imaging of melanocytic lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) allows the identification of objects through the analysis of their unique spectral signatures. Although first developed many years ago for use in terrestrial remote sensing, this technology has more recently been studied for application in the medical field. With preliminary data favoring a role for HSI in distinguishing normal and lesional skin tissues, we sought to investigate the potential use of HSI as a diagnostic aid in the classification of atypical Spitzoid neoplasms, a group of lesions that often leave dermatopathologists bewildered. One hundred and two hematoxylin and eosin-stained tissue samples were divided into 1 of 4 diagnostic categories (Spitz nevus, Spitz nevus with unusual features, atypical Spitzoid neoplasm, and Spitzoid malignant melanoma) and 1 of 2 control groups (benign melanocytic nevus and malignant melanoma). A region of interest was selected from the dermal component of each sample, thereby maximizing the examination of melanocytes. Tissue samples were examined at ×400 magnification using a spectroscopy system interfaced with a light microscope. The absorbance patterns of wavelengths from 385 to 880 nm were measured and then analyzed within and among groups. All tissue groups demonstrated 3 common absorbance spectra at 496, 533, and 838 nm. Each sample group contained at least one absorption point that was unique to that group. The Spitzoid malignant melanoma category had the highest number of total and unique absorption points for any sample group. The data were then clustered into 12 representative spectral classes. Although each of the sample groups contained all 12 spectral vectors, they did so in differing proportions. These preliminary results reveal differences in the spectral signatures of the Spitzoid lesions examined in this study. Further investigation into a role for HSI in classifying atypical Spitzoid neoplasms is encouraged. PMID:24247577

Gaudi, Sudeep; Meyer, Rebecca; Ranka, Jayshree; Granahan, James C; Israel, Steven A; Yachik, Theodore R; Jukic, Drazen M

2014-02-01

298

Effect of decompression surgery on neurological recovery after cervical cord injury with canal stenosis but without distinct bony damage. Multicenter prospective randomized clinical trial  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A prospective randomized clinical trial examining the effects of decompression surgery on neurological recovery in patients with cervical cord injuries without remarkable bony damages was performed at 11 hospitals nationwide in Japan. Cases admitted within 14 days of injury, with a Frankel B or C classification, and with ?20% compression of the spinal cord at the injured level, as seen on MRI, were enrolled. Decompression surgery was selected for cases in which the day of injury was an odd number, while conservative treatment was selected for all other cases. The Frankel classification and ASIA motor scores were followed for one year after injury. No statistically significant differences in neurological recovery were observed between the surgery group and the conservative treatment group. (author)

299

Anatomical description and frequencies of bony projections on the cerebral aspect of the petromastoid part of the temporal bone in dry adult human skulls.  

Science.gov (United States)

A morphological peculiarity was observed in the form of bony projections on the upper part of the medial border of the groove for the sigmoid sulcus on the internal surface of the mastoid part of the temporal bones. In a study on 636 temporal regions of 318 dry unsexed adult human skulls of Indian origin, 101 (15.9%) temporal bones exhibited these elevations. These ranged from being inconspicuous tubercles to well-defined sharp spines. In 73 (72.3%) cases, a projection was present unilaterally, more commonly on the right side and in 28 (27.7%) it was bilateral. A subjective assessment of the size showed the projections to be small (70; 69.3%), medium (16; 15.8%) and large (15; 14.8%). PMID:9789109

Choudhry, R; Tuli, A; Choudhry, S; Kakar, S; Raheja, S

1998-01-01

300

Pathology Case Study: Pigmented Lesion  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man has a pigmented lesion on his right ear. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Ejadi, Samuel

2007-09-12

301

Papulosquamous lesions of glans penis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The presentation of a scaly papule or plaque on the glans penis should suggest more wide-spread papulosquamous disease. Careful examination of the remaining body surface, including the oral mucosa and nails, in almost all cases will yield clues to the correct diagnosis. Papulosquamous disease which may present as a penile lesion include psoriasis, Reiter syndrome, lichen planus, lichen nitidus, seborrheic dermatitis, secondary syphilis, fixed drug eruption, erythroplasia of Queyrat, plasma cell balanitis of Zoon, bowenoid papulosis, and discoid and lichenoid chronic dermatosis of Sulzberger and Garbe. PMID:6229081

Horan, D B; Redman, J F; Jansen, G T

1984-01-01

302

Ocular lesions in free-living raptors.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a retrospective study, records of 931 raptors admitted to the Avian Clinic at the New York State College of Veterinary Medicine and to the Owl Rehabilitation Research Foundation were evaluated to determine the prevalence, cause, and distribution of ocular lesions. Some form of ocular lesion was identified in 135 (14.5%) birds. Of these, 90% were the result of physical injury. Collisions accounted for 33% of ocular lesions; gunshot wounds accounted for 11%. Unilateral lesions were more common than bilateral lesions, with the anterior segment being most frequently involved. Hyphema was the most common clinical finding. In a prospective study involving raptors admitted to the Avian Clinic from 1980-1982, it was found that 17 of 61 birds (28%) had some form of ocular lesion. The higher prevalence in this study was attributed to a lower proportion of juvenile cases and to increased detection of subtle lesions, especially those involving the posterior segment. PMID:7174449

Murphy, C J; Kern, T J; McKeever, K; McKeever, L; MacCoy, D

1982-12-01

303

Reconstruction of a large osteochondral lesion of the distal tibia with an iliac crest graft and autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC): a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Isolated osteochondral lesions (OCL) of the distal tibia are rare and lack clear treatment guidelines. With the case we present here, we suggest a novel surgical approach and report the successful use of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis-aided reconstruction for OCL of the distal tibia. A 29-year-old male patient complained about persisting pain of the left ankle joint and a restricted activity level 12 months after an ankle sprain. Imaging revealed edema of the subchondral bone and thinning of the cartilage above the osseous defect at the lateral distal tibia. The OCL was debrided followed by microfracturing of the underlying sclerotic bone. A cancellous bone plug was harvested from the iliac crest and impacted into the defect. A collagen matrix was then fixed on the defect. After 12 months, the patient was free of pain and returned to full activity. Conventional radiographs at 1 year showed successful osseous integration of the plug and a nearly anatomic shape of the tibial joint line. Delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage scans at 36 months showed an intact cartilage layer over the defect and glycosaminoglycan content, indicating hyaline-like cartilage repair. This case demonstrates autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis-aided reconstruction of large osteochondral lesions of distal tibia to be a promising treatment method. Our aim was to describe the case of a patient with a large isolated osteochondral lesion of the distal tibia treated by a novel operative technique using cancellous bone from the iliac crest and a collagen I/III matrix. PMID:22770901

Miska, Matthias; Wiewiorski, Martin; Valderrabano, Victor

2012-01-01

304

Evaluation by biphotonic absorbtiometry of the bony mineral content and determination of the fracture threshold in a population of patients between the ages of 60 and 75 years  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A measurement of the bony density of vertebrae and femur was carried out, in the course of a prospective study, in 99 patients between the ages of 60 and 75 years, living in northern France. 76 patients had no recognized problem of demineralization and 23 others were consulting for an evaluation of vertebral compression. The measurement of the bony density was done by biphotonic absorbtiometry with a source of labelled Gadolinium. In women, a significant difference in the values obtained by absorbtiometry in terms of the existence of vertebral compressions, symptomatic or not, is noted. A statistical study using the ROC curves method (Receiver Operating System) has enabled us to determine a threshold of high risk of vertebral fracture measured at 31 g or 0.85 g/cm2 in women, and 35 g or 0.85 g/cm2 in men. In addition, there is a significant correlation with the vertebral radiographical index as defined by Meunier. Among the various factors of influence which were studied, only the size and the morphotype seem to play an essential role in our study group. The comparative study of the densities measured in the femoral neck and the lumbar spine enabled us to find a very significant correlation in patients with as well as without compression (r = 0.714, p < 0.001). Biphotonic absorbtiometry proves therefore to be a method which may be used to define a group with a high fracture risk permitting to determine, as early as possible, therapeutic, curatives early as possible, therapeutic, curative and preventive measures

305

Leucocyte mobilization to skin lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Leucocyte mobilization to a chamber covering a skin lesion was studies in healthy volunteers.111Indium-labelled blood leucocytes accumulated in the chambers, indicating mobilization of leucocytes from the blood. The concentration of autologous serum in the chamber medium influenced the number of leucocytes mobilized, while heat inactivation of serum or the repeated use of the same serum had no effect on the counts. The use of zymosan-treated increased the mobilization by up to 53 %. The kinetics for the mobilization of leucocytes to chambers containing autologous serum was followed in healthy subjects. The mobilization showed a uniform pattern, viz. a lag phase of 2-4 hours and maximal migration rates after 20-24 hours. The cumulated counts were 74 x 106 leucocytes/cm2/24 hours and 200 x 106leucocytes/cm2/48 hours. Females and males exhibited the same kinetics and cumulated counts. Chamber leucocytes were predominantly neutrophil granulocytes (85-100 %) with 2.9-3.6 nuclear segments. The chamber technique provides a simple method permitting quantitation of in vivo mobilization of leucocytes from the blood to an inflammatory lesion. (author)

306

Subtraction radiography of interradicular bone lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Subtraction and conventional radiography were evaluated for their diagnostic potential to assess interradicular bone lesions in the mandibular premolar region. Both conventional radiographs and subtraction images were interpreted by 10 observers. The receiver-operating characteristic technique was used to compare the two techniques. The diagnostic validity was higher for the subtraction technique, both for lesions confined to cancellous bone and for lesions including the cortical bone, than for the conventional technique. For bone defects confined to cancellous bone the diagnostic accuracy was lower than those reported from periapical bone lesion irrespective of whether subtraction or conventional radiography was used. It is concluded that subtraction radiography improves the detectability of bone lesions, shallow ones in particular. Lesions in the interradicular bone are more difficult to detect than those in the periapical bone. 26 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs

307

Factitial pemphigus-like lesions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english The maxillofacial region is rarely subjected to self-inflicted conditions such as factitious disease. Nasal ulceration, facial emphysema, periorbital ecchymosis, mandibular subluxation, gingival and mucosal ulceration, dental and salivary gland pain and glossopharyngeal neuralgia have been reported [...] as possible manifestations of factitious disease. We report a case of a young woman who presented with unilateral bullous and ulcerative oral and erythematous facial lesions that were initially diagnosed as pemphigus vulgaris but was later determined to be secondary to self-inflicted injuries. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this clinical scenario has not been previously reported in the context of a factitious disease and, therefore, may be considered in the differential diagnosis of oral vesiculobullous disorders.

Ali Taghavi, Zonuz; Nathaniel, Treister; Fahimeh, Mehdipour; Ramin Mostofizadeh, Farahani; Richard Shane, Tubbs; Mohammadali Mohajel, Shoja.

2007-05-01

308

Dental infection simulating skin lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Orocutaneous fistulas or cutaneous sinus, a tract of dental origin, is an uncommon but well-documented condition that usually requires emergency treatment. Such condition may be misdiagnosed by physicians and dentists and may sometimes be confused with bone and skin tumor, osteomyelitis, congenital fistula, salivary gland fistula, pyogenic granuloma, infected cyst, deep mycotic infection, and other pathologies. A case of facial sinus tract that was initially misdiagnosed by a physician as a nonodontogenic lesion is presented. Nonsurgical endodontic therapy was the treatment of choice for this case. Facial cutaneous sinus tracts must be considered of dental origin. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment minimize patient discomfort and esthetic problems, reducing the possibility of further complications such as sepsis and osteomyelitis. PMID:22892779

Abuabara, Allan; Schramm, Celso Alfredo; Zielak, João César; Baratto-Filho, Flares

2012-01-01

309

Cutaneous lesions in new born  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Five hundred unselected newborn babies delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Unit II of SGBT Hospital attached to Government Medical College, Amritsar during April 2000 to October 2000 were examined for cutaneous lesions daily for the first five days after birth. Different cutaneous lesions were seen in 474(94. 8% newborns. The physiological skin changes observed in order of frequency were Epstein pearls in 305(61%, Mongolian spot in 301(60. 2%, superficial cutaneous desquamation in 200(40%, icterus in 128(25. 6%, milia in 119(23. 8%, sebaceous gland hyperplasia in 107 (21. 4%, occipital alopecia in 94(18. 8%, lanugo in 72(14. 4%, peripheral cyanosis in 47(9. 4%, breast hypertrophy in 29(5. 8% and miniature puberty in 28(5. 6% newborns. Of the transient non-infective skin diseases, erythema toxicum neonatorum was observed most commonly in 105(21 %, followed by miliaria rubra in 103(20. 6% and acne neonatorum in 27(5. 4% newborns. The naevi and other developmental defects in the descending order were salmon patch in 69(13. 8%, congenital melanocytic noevi in 10(2%, accessory tragi in 3(0.6%, spina bifida in 2(0.4%, hydrocephalus in 1(0.2% and poliosis in 1(0.2% newborns. Cradle cap was the only dermatitis observed in 50(10% newborns. One (0.2% case each of Harlequin ichthyosis and labial cyst was seen.

Sachdeva Meenakshi

2002-11-01

310

Destructive bone lesions in primary amyloidosis.  

OpenAIRE

We describe a patient with primary amyloidosis in whom multiple osteolytic lesions caused by amyloid bone tumours developed, and review the clinical features of the 18 cases with primary amyloidosis in whom destructive bone lesions have been reported. In contrast to amyloidosis associated with multiple myeloma, destructive lesions in the primary disease are mainly located to long bones; joint involvement is common, and radionuclide bone scan shows pronounced uptake of 99mTc-PP by the destruct...

Kramer, M. R.; Dijk, J. M.; Hadas, I.; Hershko, C.

1986-01-01

311

Polypoid Lesions of the Gallbladder in Children  

OpenAIRE

Polypoid lesions of the gallbladder in children are rare. We report a case of a gallbladder polyp in a 14-year-old boy who presented with recurrent right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Ultrasound examination of the abdomen revealed a polypoid lesion of the gallbladder. His symptoms resolved after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Histological examination of the gallbladder demonstrated a benign adenomatous polyp. Although the experience with polypoid lesions of the gallbladder in children is limi...

Stringel, Gustavo; Beneck, Debra; Bostwick, Howard E.

1997-01-01

312

Management of Anal Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions  

OpenAIRE

Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions include both low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and are caused by chronic infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The disease is increasing in both incidence and prevalence, especially among patients with the following risk factors: homosexual men, acquired or iatrogenic immunosuppression, and presence of other HPV-related diseases. Although the natural history of the disease is ...

Pineda, Carlos E.; Welton, Mark L.

2009-01-01

313

Lesion expansion as an epidemic component.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT A simulator for the enlargement of cohorts of circular lesions on cohorts of host tissue was used to examine five epidemiological parameters: radial rate (mm day(-1)) of lesion expansion, k (exp); maximum basic infection rate, R (m); proportion of lesion area as infectious, f; initial lesion size (mm(2)), z; and proportion of susceptible host sites, s. Based on the proportion of disease severity at day 50 and the proportion of the total disease that originated solely from lesion expansion, k(exp) was the most sensitive of the five parameters. A radial rate of only 0.1 mm day(-1) resulted in a proportion of >0.7 of the diseased area that came from lesion expansion. In an extensive survey of phytopathological literature, many plant pathogens had radial rates greater than 0.1 mm day(-1), which would result in a proportion of >0.95 of the total disease that comes from lesion expansion. Susceptible host sites, s, was a sensitive parameter, as this determined the host area into which lesions could expand. Naturally, R(m) was a sensitive parameter for the proportion of disease on day 50, as it controlled the overall speed of the epidemic. Initial lesion size was a relatively insensitive parameter, although z interacted significantly with s. The greatest proportion of disease that originated from lesion expansion occurred with fast k(exp), small z, and low values of s, R(m), and f. The model was validated with lesion numbers and severities obtained in natural epidemics of Cercospora medicaginis on alfalfa and Exserohilum turcicum on maize. We recommend that the 'epidemic quintuplet' used to describe polycyclic epidemics be expanded to the 'epidemic sextuplet' with the inclusion of k(exp), since lesion expansion is a major component of many polycyclic epidemics. PMID:18945033

Berger, R D; Filho, A B; Amorim, L

1997-10-01

314

Cold lesions demonstrated on bone scintigraphy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Localized areas of decreased radioactivity in the bone were demonstrated in 17 cases (1.4%) of 1,213 bone scintigrams performed with Tc-99m diphosphonate. In 15 out of 17 cases ''cold'' bone lesions were found to be metastatic bone cancers. Primary sites of cancers included the lung (7 cases), uterine cervix (3 cases), thyroid (2 cases), kidney (1 case), prostate (1 case) and pancreas (1 case). Other two lesions were found in primary site of chondroblastoma and metastatic site of osteosarcoma. Histological studies revealed squamous cell carcinoma in all 7 patients with lung cancer. Whereas ''hot'' bone lesions were found in 56% of adenocarcinoma and 31% of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. High incidence of ''cold'' bone lesions were found in 3 (21%) out of 14 patients with cervical cancer who revealed positive bone scans. Abnormal bone scintigrams were found in 50 of 160 cases with breast cancer, but none of them showed ''cold'' bone lesions. In 14 cases increased uptake of radioactivity is noted around the cold lesions. Increased Ga-67 uptake in the ''cold'' lesion was found in 6 cases of lung cancer. Increased uptake of Tl-201 was found in the ''cold'' lesions in two patients with thyroid cancer. Postulated factors causing cold bone lesions were discussed reviewing literatures. (author)

315

Profile of osteolytic lesions on bone scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Retrospective analysis of 35 osteolytic lesions seen radiologically was done. All the patients were subjected to three-phase bone scintigraphy. They were categorized into Category 1: Vascular (n = 10), Category 2: Nonvascular (n = 25). The nonvascular lesions were sub classified into those associated without biochemical evidence of metabolic bone disease (Class A) and those with biochemical as well as scan evidence of metabolic bone disease (Class B). Class B was divided into B1 - Osteomalacia and B2 - Hyperparathyroidism. In Category 1: 9/10 lesions were malignant. 1/10 lesion had septic arthritis. In Category 2: Class A - 3/15 had malignancy. (2 metastases, 1 plasmacytoma). (The nonmalignant lesions were 4 Fibrous dysplasia, 1 Eosinophilic granuloma, 4 Bone cysts, 1 Osteoid osteoma, 1 Avascular necrosis, 1 Inflammatory). Class B1 (n = 5) had low serum calcium, normal or high serum phosphorous, and high serum alkaline phosphatase. Class B2 (n = 5) has high serum calcium, low or normal serum phosphorous, high serum alkaline phosphatase and high serum parathyroid hormone level. Parathyroid scanning in-group B2 revealed parathyroid adenomas in the neck as the cause of hyperparathyroidism. It was observed that majority of vascular osteolytic lesions were malignant (90%). 75% of malignant lesions had evidence of hypervascularity on first and second phase (9/12). 80% of nonvascular lesions were benign. Metabolic bone disease is a frequent cause of osteolytic lesease is a frequent cause of osteolytic lesions (28.5%). (author)

316

Benign esophageal lesions: Endoscopic and pathologic features  

Science.gov (United States)

Benign esophageal lesions have a wide spectrum of clinical and pathologic features. Understanding the endoscopic and pathologic features of esophageal lesions is essential for their detection, differential diagnosis, and management. The purpose of this review is to provide updated features that may help physicians to appropriately manage these esophageal lesions. The endoscopic features of 2997 patients are reviewed. In epithelial lesions, the frequency of occurrence was in the following order: glycogenic acanthosis, heterotopic gastric mucosa, squamous papilloma, hyperplastic polyp, ectopic sebaceous gland and xanthoma. In subepithelial lesions, the order was as follows: hemangioma, leiomyoma, dysphagia aortica and granular cell tumor. Most benign esophageal lesions can be diagnosed according to their endoscopic appearance and findings on routine biopsy, and submucosal lesions, by endoscopic resection. Management is generally based upon the confidence of diagnosis and whether the lesion causes symptoms. We suggest endoscopic resection of all granular cell tumors and squamous papillomas because, while rare, these lesions have malignant potential. Dysphagia aortica should be considered in the differential diagnosis of dysphagia in the elderly. PMID:25632181

Tsai, Shu-Jung; Lin, Ching-Chung; Chang, Chen-Wang; Hung, Chien-Yuan; Shieh, Tze-Yu; Wang, Horng-Yuan; Shih, Shou-Chuan; Chen, Ming-Jen

2015-01-01

317

Subcategorization of MS lesions by MR imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MR imaging is known to be highly sensitive to multiple sclerosis (MS)-induced cerebral lesions. The contribution of MR imaging in distinguishing lesions with differing histologic characteristics is less clear. The purpose of this study was to determine if MR imaging could be used to sort ''plaque'' populations. MS lesions from 60 patients with definite MS were studied at 1.5 T.T1 and T2 values were prolonged in the majority of lesions in patients with relatively quiescent or slowly progressive disease. This group of lesions included most ventricle angle lesions, and periventricular lesions which were remarkably stable on serial examination. In two of six patients with ''acute flares'' of disease studied by serial MR imaging examinations over a 6-month period, lesions with apparently longer T1 and moderately prolonged T2 correlated with clinically evolving disease. T2-weighted imaging alone was not discriminating. Although these are preliminary results, they suggest some MR imaging potential for lesion discrimination which can be tested by serial examination studies

318

Thermophysical lesions caused by HZE particles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper deals with a type of damage caused by heavy particles that may occur in subcellular structures. These lesions are called thermophysical radiation injury and are similar to damage produced in solids by HZE particles. This chapter summarizes some of the experimental evidence for the presence of these lesions in certain mammalian tissues including the retina, brain, cornea, lens of mice and seeds of corn. Of all tissues examined, only the cornea exhibited a type of lesion which would fulfill the criteria of thermophysical lesions

319

Lesion localization in aphasia without hemiparesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The distribution of the lesions responsible for aphasia unassociated with right-sided hemiparesis was evaluated by cranial computed tomography (CT) among stroke patients. In the Broca aphasia group were observed atypical aphasic symptoms, and the lesions were far more localized than in ordinary Broca one. In the Wernicke aphasia group showed relatively large lesions in the left superior temporal gyrus, sometimes extending to supramarginal and angular gyri, which caused such additional symptoms as apraxia without motor paresis in some cases. In the Transcortical motor aphasia group showed the occlusion of the left internal carotid artery, though without obvious abnormality at CT. In another patient a circumscribed low density lesion was disclosed in the area anterior and superior to so-called Broca's area. In the Transcortical sensory aphasia group, the lesion involved the borderzone supplied by the left middle and posterior cerebral arteries. In the Amnestic aphasia group showed a lesion in the left parietal lobe, while in another no remarkable change was demonstrated. In the Global aphasia group, one had multiple isolated lesions in both anterior and posterior speech areas. Another showed a large lesion involving the whole territory of the left middle cerebral artery. In the remaining one a high density area was observed in the left superior temporal, supramarginal and angular gyri, not extending to the frontal lobe beyond with sylvian fissure. Therefore, in interpreting CTs of such aphasic patients we must take account of not only the extent of the lesion but also the severity of destruction.

Komatsu, Midori; Senoh, Yoko; Okamoto, Koichi; Morimatsu, Mitsunori; Hirai, Shunsaku (Gunma Univ., Maebashi (Japan). School of Medicine)

1983-06-01

320

Clinical and cyto-histopathological evaluation of skin lesions with special reference to bullous lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: Cytopathology of skin has been documented to be useful in the diagnosis of several skin lesions. This study aims to evaluate cytopathology as a quick non-invasive method for early diagnosis of bullous lesions, neoplastic and preneoplastic skin lesions and to correlate the clinical, cytological and histopathological findings of various skin lesions. Materials and Methods: Eighty five patients of skin lesions were included in the study. Skin scraping, Tzanck smears, slit smears and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC were done to obtain material for cytological examination. Excisional biopsy, incisional biopsy and punch biopsy were done to obtain tissue for histopathological examination. The slides were stained with routine stains and special stains as and when required. Results: Of the 85 patients, 45 were males and 40 females. The most common non-neoplastic lesions observed were vesicobullous lesions which comprised of 41 cases followed by neoplastic lesions which consisted of 24 cases, of which six were benign and 18 malignant. Concordant results between cytology and histopathology was seen in majority (91.7% of lesions studied. Conclusion: Cytology (scrape/imprint/slit smears and FNAC, performed skillfully and with perfection, leads to an early diagnosis in majority of the lesions, as the observed cytomorphological features of various skin lesions were fairly distinctive making cytology a fairly sensitive ?patient compliant? technique for rapid diagnosis of skin lesions.

Sabir Fauziya

2010-01-01

321

Inter- and intra-observer variability associated with the use of the Mirels' scoring system for metastatic bone lesions.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Metastatic bone disease is increasing in association with ever-improving medical management of osteophylic malignant conditions. The precise timing of surgical intervention for secondary lesions in long bones can be difficult to determine. This paper aims to evaluate a classic scoring system. All radiographs were examined twice by three orthopaedic oncologists and scored according to the Mirels\\' scoring system. The Kappa statistic was used for the purpose of statistical analysis. The results show agreement between observers (??=?0.35-0.61) for overall scores at the two time intervals. Inter-observer agreement was also seen with subset analysis of size (??=?0.27-0.60), site (??=?0.77-1.0) and nature of the lesion (??=?0.55-0.81). Similarly, low levels of intra-observer variability were noted for each of the three surgeons (?=?0.34, 0.39, and 0.78, respectively). These results indicate a reliable, repeatable assessment of bony metastases. We continue to advocate its use in the management of patients with long bone metastases.

Mac Niocaill, Ruairi F

2011-01-01

322

Congenital cystic lesions of the biliary tree  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this essay is to illustrate the imaging findings of congenital cystic lesions of the biliary tract. CONCLUSION: Congenital cystic lesions of the biliary tract include ductal plate malformations and choledochal cysts and can be recognized with characteristic imaging findings and basic knowledge of the embryologic development of the biliary tree.

Santiago, I.; Loureiro, R.; Curvo-semedo, L.; Marques, C.; Tarda?guila, F.; Matos, C.; Caseiro-alves, F.

2012-01-01

323

High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model of the CML previously inferred from planar radiography and histopathology. Long bone specimens from 5 fatally abused infants, whose skeletal survey showed definite or suspected CMLs, were studied postmortem. After skeletal survey, selected specimens were resected and imaged with high-resolution digital radiography. They were then scanned with micro-CT (isotropic resolution of 45 ?m3) or with high-resolution flat-panel CT (isotropic resolutions of 200 ?m3). Visualization of the bony structures was carried out using image enhancement, segmentation and isosurface extraction, together with volume rendering and multiplanar reformatting. These findings were then correlated with histopathology. Study of normal infant bone clarifies the 3-D morphology of the subperiosteal bone collar (SPBC) and the radiographic zone of provisional calcification (ZPC). Studies on specimens with CML confirm that this lesion is a fracture extending in a planar fashion through the metaphysis, separating a mineralized fragment. This disk-like mineralized fragment has two components: (1) a thick peripheral component encompassing the SPBC; and (2) a thin central component comprised predominantly of the radiologic ZPC. By manipulating the 3-D model, the varying appearances of the CML are displayed. High-resolution CT coupled with histopathology provides elucidation of the morphology of the CML, a strong indicator of infant abuse. This new information may prove useful in assessing the biomechanical factors that produce this strong indicator of abusive assaults in infants. (orig.)

324

Primary Rosai-Dorfman disease of bone: a clinicopathologic study of 15 cases.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy or Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare histiocytic proliferative disorder of unknown etiology. Most patients present with lymph node involvement manifesting as adenopathy; however, RDD may arise primarily in a variety of extranodal sites, including bone. We report herein our experience with 15 cases of primary intraosseous RDD. The patients include 8 females and 7 males, who ranged in age from 3 to 56 (mean 27) years. The lesions arose in a variety of anatomical locations, including the tibia, femur, clavicle, skull, maxilla, calcaneus, phalanx, metacarpal, and sacrum. Radiographically, the lesions were lytic with well defined and usually sclerotic margins. Histologically, the lesions demonstrated the classic features of RDD and consisted of a mixed inflammatory infiltrate with numerous large histiocytes with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm which exhibited emperipolesis. Some cases also contained numerous neutrophils. Immunohistochemical stains showed that the large histiocytes were S-100 positive. Follow-up information was available for 12 patients. Five patients eventually developed additional extraosseous manifestations, including testicular, lymph node, and subcutaneous lesions. One of these 5 also developed a new bony lesion within the sternum. One patient developed additional lesions within multiple bones of the hand and wrist, without extraosseous disease. One patient had stable bony lesions, whereas 5 remained disease free after treatment. PMID:20679880

Demicco, Elizabeth G; Rosenberg, Andrew E; Björnsson, Johannes; Rybak, Leon D; Unni, K Krishnan; Nielsen, G Petur

2010-09-01

325

Bone scintigraphy in lesions of the skull  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The value of 3-phase-scintigraphy in bone lesions of the skull with a new seeking agent 99mTc-2,3-dicarboxypropane-1,1-diphosphonic acid (DPD) is studied. A high soft tissue-bone-ratio of DPD is emphasized. For this reason DPD is used for bone scintigraphy of the skull, because the mass of soft tissue in relation to bone is high and a higher clearance improves the interpretation of the images of the first two phases. An increased tracer uptake is found for skeletal neoplasms (malignant and benign lesions) and for acute osteomyelitis. By contrast, the chronic inflammatory bone lesions showed normal tracer uptake. This new bone seeking agent allows to localize and differentiate tumorous or acute inflammatory lesions and chronic inflammatory bone lesions of the skull

326

Cystic ovarian lesions in SSFP diffusion imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MR assessments of ovarian cystic lesions are usually based on morphological features, signal intensities and enhancement with contrast media. This study was performed to evaluate the usefulness of the steady-state free precession (SSFP) diffusion imaging of cystic ovarian lesions for analyzing cystic contents. Sixty-one ovarian cystic lesions in 37 patients were examined. The diffusion-related coefficient (DRC) and the ratio of the relative apparent diffusion coefficient of the lesion to that of subcutaneous fat tissue (rADCL/rADCF) were calculated from SSFP diffusion images. The DRCs and the rADCL /rADCF ratios in endometrial cysts and in the fatty parts of dermoid cysts were significantly lower than in other cystic tumors. SSFP diffusion imaging can be included in clinical practice to analyze ovarian cystic lesions within a short scan time; the DRC and the rADCL /rADCF ratio are useful for evaluating cystic contents. (author)

327

Rare ovarian lesion in an adolescent girl  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Large solid ovarian lesions are considered malignant in nature in pediatric and adolescent age group. We present an adolescent girl who had large solid ovarian lesion, with negative tumor markers. She underwent laparotomy and right oopherectomy. Histopathology revealed that the lesion was massive ovarian edema. This is an extremely rare lesion of ovary and is benign in nature. Very few case reports are available in English literature. Hence we suggest that massive ovarian edema should be considred as one of the differential diagnosis in all the patients having large solid ovarian lesions with ngative tumor marker assay. Ovarian preservation with the help of frozen section analysis should always be considred in these patients.

Ramasamy Senthilnathan

2008-01-01

328

Morphological characteristics of the bony birth canal in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Investigation by three-dimensional CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We investigated the three-dimensional morphological characteristics of the pelvis in adult female patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using computerized tomography (CT) images. Forty-two subjects with normal hips and 40 DDH patients were recruited for the study. In the DDH group, the average transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet was significantly less and the average transverse diameter of the pelvic outlet was significantly greater than the measurements in the normal group. Further, the bony birth canal in DDH patients exhibited a higher incidence of anthropoid-type geometry, as defined by a longer sagittal diameter relative to the transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet. These findings indicate a characteristic pelvic geometry and suggest different development of the pelvis in the transverse direction in DDH patients. In addition, the obstetric conjugate length/transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet ratio was correlated to the degree of severity of acetabular dysplasia. This finding suggests that DDH is a manifestation of a developmental characteristic of the pelvis. (author)

329

Morphological characteristics of the bony birth canal in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Investigation by three-dimensional CT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We investigated the three-dimensional morphological characteristics of the pelvis in adult female patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using computerized tomography (CT) images. Forty-two subjects with normal hips and 40 DDH patients were recruited for the study. In the DDH group, the average transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet was significantly less and the average transverse diameter of the pelvic outlet was significantly greater than the measurements in the normal group. Further, the bony birth canal in DDH patients exhibited a higher incidence of anthropoid-type geometry, as defined by a longer sagittal diameter relative to the transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet. These findings indicate a characteristic pelvic geometry and suggest different development of the pelvis in the transverse direction in DDH patients. In addition, the obstetric conjugate length/transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet ratio was correlated to the degree of severity of acetabular dysplasia. This finding suggests that DDH is a manifestation of a developmental characteristic of the pelvis. (author)

Kojima, Seiichi; Kobayashi, Seneki; Saito, Naoto; Nawata, Masashi; Horiuchi, Hiroshi; Takaoka, Kunio [Shinshu Univ., Matsumoto, Nagano (Japan). School of Medicine

2001-07-01

330

Cerebrospinal fluid leakage in Gorham-Stout disease due to dura mater involvement after progression of an osteolytic lesion in the thoracic spine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with Gorham-Stout disease (GSD), a rare disease of poorly understood etiopathophysiology, suffer from progressive osteolysis. Destruction of bone matrix is caused by lymphatic vessels, which can lead to CSF leakage if parts of bony structures adjacent to CSF spaces are involved. So far, fewer than 200 patients have been reported in the literature; only 4 of these patients presented with CSF leakage. The authors report the case of a 30-year-old man with GSD and CSF leakage due to dura mater involvement after progression of an osteolytic lesion in the thoracic spine. Neurosurgical intervention, including dura repair, was needed. Experimental medical therapy with rapamycin was started, leading to disease control for more than 12 months. Progression of GSD can lead to destruction of the meninges, causing CSF leakage. The authors review 4 other cases reported in the literature and discuss therapeutic options. PMID:25325172

Suero Molina, Eric Jose; Niederstadt, Thomas; Ruland, Vincent; Kayser, Gian; Stummer, Walter; Ewelt, Christian; Rössler, Jochen

2014-12-01

331

MRI examination on microcalcification lesions on mammography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With a recent increase of patients who are pointed out microcalcification on mammography (MMG) but otherwise normal, we have increasingly difficulties in making diagnosis. In this paper we examined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and diagnosis of microcalcification lesions. Out of consecutive patients who visited our hospital for close exploration of calcification on MMG from July 2006 to March 2009, 124 patients who were performed MRI were enrolled in this study. The morphology and enhancement kinetics of their lesions visualized by MRI were classified with reference to the breast imaging reporting and data system (BIRADS)-MRI and were compared with outcomes of histological diagnoses. As a result, all lesions in which no abnormal enhancement was seen on MRI were benign. Malignant lesions accounted for about 80.0% in mass patterns, and about more than half in non-mass like enhancement. About 30% of the lesions were malignant in the Focus/Foci pattern which designates lesions with the size of less than 5 mm. MRI is capable of predicting whether the microcalcification lesion is malignant or benign in some degree in patients with positive findings, and we can omit Stereotactic Mammotome biopsy (ST-MTB) in those with negative findings. Accordingly MRI is considered to be an extremely useful modality. (author)

332

Oral Lesions in Kidney Transplant Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Oral hygiene in kidney transplant recipients contributes to maintenance of the transplanted organ and its function. Thus, an investigation of oral lesions could be counted as a notable work. These patients have the potential to be involved with lesions developed as a result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate oral lesions in a group of kidney transplant recipients.Materials and Methods. The present study was a cross-sectional research on 100 patients with a kidney transplant for at least 3 months. Oral mucosa was assessed clinically for any lesion. Additional data on systemic diseases, transplant duration, and medications were recorded.Results. Twenty-four percent of the patients had at least 1 oral lesion. The most common lesion was oral candidiasis in 16% of the participants (13 cases of acute pseudomembranous and 3 cases of chronic oral candidiasis. Gingival enlargement was seen in 7% of the kidney transplant recipients, and 2% had a coated tongue.Conclusions. Elimination of oral fungal lesions in kidney transplant recipients is highly recommended. We hope this study can shed light on this particular aspect of healthcare in kidney transplant recipients.

Mahnaz Sahebjamee

2010-07-01

333

Hepatic lesions segmentation in ultrasound nonlinear imaging  

Science.gov (United States)

Doppler has been used for many years for cardiovascular exploration in order to visualize the vessels walls and anatomical or functional diseases. The use of ultrasound contrast agents makes it possible to improve ultrasonic information. Nonlinear ultrasound imaging highlights the detection of these agents within an organ and hence is a powerful technique to image perfusion of an organ in real-time. The visualization of flow and perfusion provides important information for the diagnosis of various diseases as well as for the detection of tumors. However, the images are buried in noise, the speckle, inherent in the image formation. Furthermore at portal phase, there is often an absence of clear contrast between lesions and surrounding tissues because the organ is filled with agents. In this context, we propose a new method of automatic liver lesions segmentation in nonlinear imaging sequences for the quantification of perfusion. Our method of segmentation is divided into two stages. Initially, we developed an anisotropic diffusion step which raised the structural characteristics to eliminate the speckle. Then, a fuzzy competitive clustering process allowed us to delineate liver lesions. This method has been used to detect focal hepatic lesions (metastasis, nodular hyperplasia, adenoma). Compared to medical expert"s report obtained on 15 varied lesions, the automatic segmentation allows us to identify and delineate focal liver lesions during the portal phase which high accuracy. Our results show that this method improves markedly the recognition of focal hepatic lesions and opens the way for future precise quantification of contrast enhancement.

Kissi, Adelaide A.; Cormier, Stephane; Pourcelot, Leandre; Tranquart, Francois

2005-04-01

334

Lesion localization in aphasia without hemiparesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The distribution of the lesions responsible for aphasia unassociated with right-sided hemiparesis was evaluated by cranial computed tomography (CT) among stroke patients. In the Broca aphasia group were observed atypical aphasic symptoms, and the lesions were far more localized than in ordinary Broca one. In the Wernicke aphasia group showed relatively large lesions in the left superior temporal gyrus, sometimes extending to supramarginal and angular gyri, which caused such additional symptoms as apraxia without motor paresis in some cases. In the Transcortical motor aphasia group showed the occlusion of the left internal carotid artery, though without obvious abnormality at CT. In another patient a circumscribed low density lesion was disclosed in the area anterior and superior to so-called Broca's area. In the Transcortical sensory aphasia group, the lesion involved the borderzone supplied by the left middle and posterior cerebral arteries. In the Amnestic aphasia group showed a lesion in the left parietal lobe, while in another no remarkable change was demonstrated. In the Global aphasia group, one had multiple isolated lesions in both anterior and posterior speech areas. Another showed a large lesion involving the whole territory of the left middle cerebral artery. In the remaining one a high density area was observed in the left superior temporal, supramarginal and angular gyri, not extending to the frontal lobe beyond with sylvian fissure. Therefore, in interpreth sylvian fissure. Therefore, in interpreting CTs of such aphasic patients we must take account of not only the extent of the lesion but also the severity of destruction. (J.P.N.)

335

Lesion Contrast Enhancement in Medical Ultrasound Imaging  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Methods for improving the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of low-contrast lesions in medical ultrasound imaging are described. Differences in the frequency spectra and amplitude distributions of the lesion and its surroundings can be used to increase the CNR of the lesion relative to the background. Automated graylevel mapping is used in combination with a contrast-weighted form of frequency-diversity speckle reduction. In clinical studies, the techniques have yielded mean CNR improvements of 3.2 dB above ordinary frequency-diversity imaging and 5.6 dB over sharper conventional images, with no post-processing graylevel mapping.

Stetson, Paul F.; Sommer, F.G.

1997-01-01

336

Pseudosarcomatous lesions of the urinary bladder.  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical, microscopical, immunocytochemical and ultrastructural features of five cases of benign mesenchymal proliferative lesions of the urinary bladder, mimicking sarcoma, are presented. Four of the five patients are alive and disease-free following diagnosis, an interval ranging from 9 months to 9 years, mean 4 years. A fifth patient, who had a pseudosarcomatous stromal response adjacent to a urinary transitional cell carcinoma, now has invasive transitional cell carcinoma. The lesions revealed a striking microscopical, immunocytochemical and ultrastructural similarity to nodular fasciitis, suggesting the lesions represented a bizarre mesenchymal proliferative response to inflammation. PMID:1707395

Hughes, D F; Biggart, J D; Hayes, D

1991-01-01

337

Macromolecular lesions and cellular radiation chemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our studies of the interaction of densely ionizing particles with macromolecules in the living cell may be divided into four parts: characterization of lesions to cellular DNA in the unmodified Bragg ionization curve; characterization of lesions to cellular DNA in the spread Bragg curve as used in radiation therapy; elucidation of the cellular radiation chemistry characteristic of high vs. low LET radiation qualities; and the introduction of novel techniques designed to give a better understanding of the fundamental properties of induction of lesions and their repair potentials in high LET radiation

338

Fibro-osseous lesions vs. central giant cell granuloma: A hybrid lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws can have certain histologic features in common with central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) including the presence of multinucleated giant cells. The clinical, radiologic and histologic features of these lesions should be carefully evaluated to distinguish between these conditions. Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws are a heterogenous group of lesions characterized by the replacement of normal bone by fibrovascular tissue containing newly formed mineralized material. Central giant cell lesions are defined as an intraosseus lesion consisting of cellular fibrous tissue containing multiple foci of hemorrhage and aggregation of multinucleated giant cells. These lesions may sometimes lead to a confusion in their diagnosis as many pathologists report them taking into consideration one of the prominent histopathologic feature. These confusions may be because of the small number of cases reported in the literature with uncertain clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of these lesions. So even surgeons may end up treating these lesions inadequately or patients may need to undergo multiple surgeries. We report such a case of Juvenile ossifying fibroma associated with CGCG and discuss the clinical, imaging, histologic, and treatment aspects of this hybrid lesion. PMID:23483611

Geetha, N T; Pattathan, Rajesh Kumar B; Shivakumar, H R; Upasi, Amarnath P

2011-01-01

339

21 CFR 882.5500 - Lesion temperature monitor.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Lesion temperature monitor. 882.5500 Section 882.5500 Food...Devices § 882.5500 Lesion temperature monitor. (a) Identification. A lesion temperature monitor is a device used to monitor the...

2010-04-01

340

21 CFR 882.4400 - Radiofrequency lesion generator.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Radiofrequency lesion generator. 882.4400 Section 882.4400... § 882.4400 Radiofrequency lesion generator. (a) Identification. A radiofrequency lesion generator is a device used to produce...

2010-04-01

341

21 CFR 882.4725 - Radiofrequency lesion probe.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Radiofrequency lesion probe. 882.4725 Section 882.4725 Food...Devices § 882.4725 Radiofrequency lesion probe. (a) Identification. A radiofrequency lesion probe is a device connected to a...

2010-04-01

342

21 CFR 882.5500 - Lesion temperature monitor.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Lesion temperature monitor. 882.5500 Section 882...Therapeutic Devices § 882.5500 Lesion temperature monitor. (a) Identification. A lesion temperature monitor is a device used to...

2010-04-01

343

Lesiones proliferativas más frecuentes del complejo bucomaxilofacial / Most frequent proliferative lesions of the Buco Maxillofacial Complex  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: las lesiones proliferativas son entidades que se presentan en la cavidad bucal. Algunas son de origen traumático y otras son neoplasias. Con frecuencia no son bien diagnosticadas en la clínica, por la similitud que pueden presentarse entre ellas. Objetivo: determinar las característica [...] s de las lesiones proliferativas diagnosticadas y la coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las biopsias procesadas en cinco años en el Departamento de Patología de la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana atendiendo a edad y sexo del paciente, tipo de lesión, localización anatómica y coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Resultados: se encontró que de las lesiones proliferativas, las pseudotumorales aportaron el 18,1 % y las neoplasias benignas el 5,8 %. En el grupo de edad de 10 a 19 años las lesiones pseudotumorales representaron el 7,78 % y las neoplasias benignas el 1,78 %. En el grupo de 60 años o más, las lesiones pseudotumorales aportaron el 22,67 % del total de lesiones proliferativas. El sexo femenino resultó afectado por lesiones pseudotumorales en 61,3 % y las neoplasias benignas afectaron al sexo masculino en un 55 %. La hiperplasia fibroepitelial representó el 54,22 % de las pseudotumorales, mientras que el nevus aportó el 8,67 % entre las neoplasias benignas. Los diagnósticos clínicos de las lesiones pseudotumorales coincidieron en un 50,4 % con los histológicos, para las neoplasias benignas la coincidencia fue del 53,2 %. Conclusiones: las lesiones pseudotumorales predominaron sobre las neoplasias benignas, con un incremento marcado de ambos tipos de lesiones a partir de los 40 años. En el sexo femenino predominaron las lesiones pseudotumorales, y en el masculino predominaron las neoplasias benignas. Se encontró una baja coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico para ambos tipos de lesiones. Abstract in english Introduction: proliferative lesions are entities that are present in the buccal cavity. Some of them are of traumatic origin and others are neoplasias. Frequently, they are not well diagnosed in the clinical practice because of the similarity that can exist among them. Objective: to determine the ch [...] aracteristics of the proliferative lesions diagnosed and the coincidences between clinical and histopathological diagnosis Method: a retrospective study of the biopsies processed during five years in the Department of Oral Pathology of the Faculty of Stomatology of Havana was conducted dealing with age, sex, type of lesion, anatomic location and similarities between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis. Results: it was found that, of the proliferative lesions, the pseudotumoral ones reported the 18.1 % and the benign neoplasias, the 5.8 %. In the age group 10-19 years, pseudotumoral lesions represented the 7.78 % and the benign neoplasias the 1,78 %. In the group of 60 years or older, pseudotumoral lesions reported the 22.67 % of the total of proliferative lesions. The female sex resulted to be affected by pseudotumoral lesions in a 61,3 % and the benign neoplasias effected the male sex in a 55 %. Fibroepithelial hyperplasia represented the 54.22 % of the pseudotumoral ones, whereas the nevus reported the 8.67 % among the benign neoplasias. The clinical diagnosis of the pseudotumoral lesions matched up a 50.4 % with the histological; for benign neoplasias, the coincidence was 53.2 %. Conclusions: pseudotumoural lesions predominated on benign neoplasias, with a marked increase in both types of lesions after 40 years. Pseudotumoural lesions predominated in the female sex, whereas the benign neoplasias predominated in the male sex. There was a low coincidence between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis for both types of lesions.

Katia, Barceló López; Rafael, Delgado Fernández; Agustín, Rodríguez Soto.

2013-06-01

344

Tumorous lesions of the spinal column  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

308 tumorous lesions of the spine were identified in the material submitted to the bone tumour register in Muenster for recording. Histological examination revealed metastases in 38.6% primary bone tumours in 33.1%, tumour-like lesions in 10% and haematological and lymphatic disease in 13%, 5.3% of all lesions could not be classified in these groups. Primary bone tumours were seen more often than metastases in the cervical spine, the sacrum and the coccyx. 54.9% of the primary bone tumours of the spine were benign. However, only 31.2% of all the tumorous lesions of the spine, metastases included, were benign. The portion of malignant disorders increased with increasing age. The risk of having a malignant spine tumour was 5.9% in patients under 10 years of age but 92.3% in patients in the seventh decade. (orig.)

345

[Traumatic and iatrogenic lesions of abdominal vessels].  

Science.gov (United States)

Gravity of abdominal vessels traumatisms is secondary to multiple factors. It depends on the type of injured vessels, aetiology and associated lesions. Between September 1984 and March 1995, 22 abdominal vessel traumatisms in 16 patients (mean age: 39 years) were treated. At surgical exploration, 4 aortic and 2 renal vein lesions, 7 iliac artery and 3 renal artery contusions, 2 superior mesenteric artery dissections; 3 infra-renal vena cava ruptures and 1 superior mesenteric vein dilaceration were found. All lesions were caused by penetrant wounds secondary to firearm or blade injury or secondary to injuries due to ski or traffic accidents. In 5 cases, lesions were iatrogenic. There was no mortality in the post-operative period, 14 patients out of the 16 patients operated on have been followed during a period from 1 to 120 months. PMID:9616908

Farah, I; Tarabula, P; Voirin, L; Magne, J L; Delannoy, P; Gattaz, F; Guidicelli, H

1997-01-01

346

Benign cartilaginous lesions of the upper extremity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Common and rare benign cartilaginous neoplasms and diseases of multiple cartilaginous lesions are discussed. Particular attention is paid to patient demographics, physical and radiographic findings, pathology, and treatment. PMID:7635877

Floyd, W E; Troum, S

1995-05-01

347

Imaging of the cavernous sinus lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

This educational paper reviews the normal anatomy of the cavernous sinus (CS) and the imaging findings of common and uncommon lesions of this region. CS lesions may arise from different components of the CS or from adjacent structures and spaces. They can be classified as tumoral, inflammatory/infectious, vascular and congenital. Tumoral lesions include benign (meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, schwannomas) and malignant neoplasms (chondrosarcomas, chordomas, nasopharyngeal carcinomas, leukemia, metastases). Inflammatory/infectious conditions comprise: Tolosa Hunt, abscess, Lemierre syndrome and thrombophlebitis. Vascular lesions include: hemangiomas, carotido-cavernous fistula, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations. Congenital conditions include the epidermoid cyst, dermoid cyst and fatty deposits. Although imaging features of non-vascular CS diseases are most often non-specific, careful analysis of the adjacent structures suggests the correct diagnosis. In vascular pathology, characteristic MR imaging findings are observed. PMID:23763988

Korchi, A M; Cuvinciuc, V; Caetano, J; Becker, M; Lovblad, K O; Vargas, M I

2014-09-01

348

Cyst and cystlike lesions of the foot.  

Science.gov (United States)

A variety of cyst and cystlike lesions may present in the osseous structures of the foot. Such lesions are infrequent in their occurrence, and often cannot be diagnosed on the basis of radiographic appearance. In addition to the morphologic data that can be derived from evaluation of standard radiographs, other diagnostic radiographic studies such as tomography, CT scanning, radionuclide bone imaging, angiography, or other studies may be required to ascertain the nature and extent of cystlike lesions of the foot. This is dependent on histopathologic information derived from biopsy. A variety of cyst and cystlike lesions of the foot are presented with a review of their basic morphology and histopathologic, clinical, and prognostic characteristics. PMID:2982940

Bernstein, A L; Jacobs, A M; Oloff, L M; Gilula, L

1985-01-01

349

Keloidal granuloma faciale with extrafacial lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Granuloma faciale (GF is a rare cutaneous disorder characterized by one to several soft, erythematous to livid papules, plaques or nodules, usually occurring on the face. Extrafacial lesions are uncommon. A 52-year-old lady with multiple asymptomatic, variously sized brownish-black colored, firm, sharply circumscribed plaques resembling keloids on both cheeks and extrafacial lesions on the right arm and the right breast is presented for its unusual keloidal appearance and typical histopathological findings. She failed to respond to oral dapsone 100 mg daily administered for 3 months. Local infiltration of triamcinolone combined with cryotherapy led to only partial flattening of the lesions. All the skin lesions were excised surgically followed by flap transfer grafting on both cheeks. The cosmetic outcome was highly satisfactory.

Verma Rajesh

2005-01-01

350

Pyogenic granuloma with multiple and satellite lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pyogenic granuloma is a benign vascular tumour of the skin or mucosa. We report two patients of pyogenic granuloma with spontaneous occurrence of multiple and satellite lesions, a rare occurrence.

Sethuraman Gomathy

2006-01-01

351

Approximate Lesion Localization in Dermoscopy Images  

CERN Document Server

Background: Dermoscopy is one of the major imaging modalities used in the diagnosis of melanoma and other pigmented skin lesions. Due to the difficulty and subjectivity of human interpretation, automated analysis of dermoscopy images has become an important research area. Border detection is often the first step in this analysis. Methods: In this article, we present an approximate lesion localization method that serves as a preprocessing step for detecting borders in dermoscopy images. In this method, first the black frame around the image is removed using an iterative algorithm. The approximate location of the lesion is then determined using an ensemble of thresholding algorithms. Results: The method is tested on a set of 428 dermoscopy images. The localization error is quantified by a metric that uses dermatologist determined borders as the ground truth. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that the method presented here achieves both fast and accurate localization of lesions in dermoscopy images.

Celebi, M Emre; Schaefer, Gerald; Stoecker, William V; 10.1111/j.1600-0846.2009.00357.x

2010-01-01

352

The diagnosis and treatment of precancerous lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Leukoplakia is the most common premalignant lesion of the oral mucosa. The term should be used only for white lesions that cannot be characterised as any other definable lesion. The chance of malignant transformation can to some extent be predicted on the basis of the clinical appearance, the oral subsite, and the histopathological findings in the biopsy. The management of patients with oral leukoplakia is primarily directed towards elimination of possible causative factors. If the lesion persists, treatment is recommended in most cases. Of the various available treatment modalities no one is superior to the others. Both treated and untreated patients should be scheduled for long term follow-up, probably life long, with 6-12 month intervals in order to he able to detect possible recurrences in an early stage. Erythroplakia is less common than leukoplakia, but carries a considerably higher risk of malignant transformation. Therefore, erythroplakias should always be removed and subsequently, followed up. PMID:9552676

van der Waal, I

1995-01-01

353

Non carious cervical lesions. A review  

OpenAIRE

Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) are characterized by a loss of hard dental tissue near the cement-enamel-junction. Commonly, their shape is like a wedge with the apex pointing inwards. Other times, they appear as regular depressions, like a dome or a cup. Their main characteristic is the presence of hard-mineralized tissue. According to the literature, the prevalence of cervical lesions is 85%, while their incidence is about 18% among permanent teeth. NCCL are currently classified as eros...

Gassino, Gianfranco; Ceruti, Paola

2006-01-01

354

Angiocentric Lesions of the Head and Neck  

OpenAIRE

Angiocentric lesions of the head and neck encompass a variety of benign and malignant lesions. Not unexpectedly the sequelae of an angiocentric process independent of its benign or malignant nature is one of tissue ischemia with a potential for either breakdown or reparative fibrosis. Therefore, the clinical presentations can be very similar despite a varied pathogenesis. Among the benign reactive infiltrates that will be considered are angiocentric eosinophilic fibrosis, Wegener’s granulom...

Magro, Cynthia M.; Dyrsen, Molly

2008-01-01

355

Memory deficits following medial temporal lobe lesions  

OpenAIRE

The medial temporal lobe, i.e. the hippocampal formation and adjacent neocortical structures, is the central neuroanatomical substrate of declarative memory. The here presented work investigated memory functions of the medial temporal lobe using different human lesion models and newly developed memory paradigms. These memory paradigms were then applied to characterize memory deficits in clinical populations. The investigation of patients with selective surgical lesions to the right hippo...

Finke, Carsten

2013-01-01

356

Detection of Treponema denticola in Atherosclerotic Lesions  

OpenAIRE

We examined 26 atherosclerotic lesions and 14 nondiseased aorta specimens to detect the periodontopathogenic part of the bacterial 16S rRNA locus by PCR. Treponema denticola sequence of the 16S rRNA locus was found in 6 out of 26 DNA samples (23.1%) from the formalin-fixed, paraffin-embeded atherosclerotic lesions obtained during surgery but not in any of the 14 nondiseased aorta samples from deceased persons. Utilizing immunofluorescence microscopy, we observed aggregated antigenic particles...

Okuda, Katsuji; Ishihara, Kazuyuki; Nakagawa, Taneaki; Hirayama, Akihiko; Inayama, Yoshiyuki; Okuda, Kenji

2001-01-01

357

Bone involvement pattern in hypervascular lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The pattern of the focal bone lesion which consists partly or wholly of rounded holes with comparatively smooth edges is discussed. Twenty-two bone lesions were studied by angiography. The 'hypervascular pattern' occurred in five cases of widely different histology, all with strong intraosseous hypervascularity. Different pathogenic mechanisms in the creation of this pattern are discussed. It is probably the result of both destructive and reparative processes in the bone. (orig.)

358

Lesiones cutáneas en educadores físicos costarricenses  

OpenAIRE

Justificación y objetivo: Los educadores físicos representan una población laboral que se expone crónicamente a la radiación solar. No se han descrito las lesiones cutáneas en este grupo de personas. El propósito del estudio fue describir la incidencia de lesiones cutáneas en educadores físicos costarricenses. Métodos: En total, participaron voluntariamente 23 hombres (48.9%) y 24 mujeres (51.1%), a quienes se les aplicó un cuestionario. Los 47 participantes fueron revisados por un...

José Moncada Jiménez; Maureen Meneses Montero; Benjamin Hidalgo Matlock; Caridad Granados Chavarría

2004-01-01

359

Focal lesions in the central nervous system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report reviews the animal and human studies currently in progress at LBL with heavy-ion beams to induce focal lesions in the central nervous system, and discusses the potential future prospects of fundamental and applied brain research with heavy-ion beams. Methods are being developed for producing discrete focal lesions in the central nervous system using the Bragg ionization peak to investigate nerve pathways and neuroendocrine responses, and for treating pathological disorders of the brain

360

Skin lesion classification using relative color features  

OpenAIRE

Background/purpose: Clinically, it is difficult to differentiate the early stage of malignant melanoma and certain benign skin lesions due to similarity in appearance. Our research uses image analysis of clinical skin images and relative color-based pattern recognition techniques to enhance the images and improve differentiation of these lesions. Methods: First, the relative color images were created from digitized photographic images. Then, they were segmented into objects and morphologicall...

Cheng, Yue; Swamisai, Ragavendar; Umbaugh, Scott E.; Moss, Randy H.; Stoecker, William V.; Teegala, Saritha; Srinivasan, Subhashini K.

2008-01-01

361

EXCISIONAL THERAPY FOR BENIGN HEPATIC LESIONS  

OpenAIRE

With the recent advances in imaging techniques, increased numbers of hepatic lesions are found today, and surgeons are asked frequently for the best course of management. Benign hepatic tumors sometimes cause life-threatening complications and more often trigger disabling or annoying symptoms in otherwise healthy individuals. Although various imaging techniques are quite accurate in identifying cysts and hemangiomas, other benign hepatic lesions, such as adenomas, focal nodular hyperplasia an...

Iwatsuki, Shunzaburo; Todo, Satoru; Starzl, Thomas E.

1990-01-01

362

Oral lesions in patients with psychiatric disorders  

OpenAIRE

Introduction. Oral diseases in psychiatric patients are usually a result of bad oral hygiene and psychopharmaceutical side-effects. Objective. The aim of this study was to detect oral lesions in patients hospitalized in psychiatric institutions with the confirmed diagnosis of psychiatric illness and mood disorder with psychotic characteristics, as well as to discover the factors that can influence these oral lesions. Methods. Cross-section study consisted of 186 hospitalized patients wi...

Gaji? Ivanka; Mandi? Bojan; Mandi? Jelena; Radivojevi? Vlada; Jovanovi? Svetlana

2010-01-01

363

Advances in dermoscopy for detecting melanocytic lesions  

OpenAIRE

Over the last 30 years dermatological approaches to diagnosis and management of melanocytic lesions have been revolutionized by the introduction of dermoscopy. Continuous improvements are being made in applying the technique, mostly in melanoma diagnosis, follow-up of melanocytic lesions and nevogenesis. Identification of new dermoscopic criteria, such as the dermoscopic island and the blue-black color for thin and nodular melanoma, respectively, further add two new weapons in the dermoscopic...

Gulia, Andrea; Massone, Cesare

2012-01-01

364

Laser Treatment of Pediatric Vascular Lesions  

OpenAIRE

Since its introduction in 1967, laser therapy has benefited patients and physicians alike. After the first clinical application by Goldman (Anderson RR, Parrish JA. Science 1983;220:524–527), laser therapy has become indispensable in the management of vascular birthmarks. In selecting a proper balance of wavelength, pulse duration, and energy density (fluence), the physician can mold laser energy to effectively manage lesions once considered untreatable. Now, the vast array of lesions amena...

Cole, Patrick D.; Sonabend, Michael L.; Levy, Moise L.

2007-01-01

365

Acute hepatic encephalopathy with diffuse cortical lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Acute hepatic encephalopathy is a poorly defined syndrome of heterogeneous aetiology. We report a 49-year-old woman with alcoholic cirrhosis and hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia who developed acute hepatic coma induced by severe gastrointestinal bleeding. Laboratory analysis revealed excessively elevated blood ammonia. MRI showed lesions compatible with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and widespread cortical signal change sparing the perirolandic and occipital cortex. The cortical lesions resembled those of hypoxic brain damage and were interpreted as acute toxic cortical laminar necrosis. (orig.)

Arnold, S.M.; Spreer, J.; Schumacher, M. [Section of Neuroradiology, Univ. of Freiburg (Germany); Els, T. [Dept. of Neurology, University of Freiburg (Germany)

2001-07-01

366

Effectiveness of autologous platelet-rich fibrin in the treatment of intra-bony defects: A systematic review and meta-analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present meta-analysis is to determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes of using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) for the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defect (IBD) compared with open flap debridement (OFD). MEDLINE/PubMed, EBSCO and Cochrane database were used to identify studies in English language published from January 1, 2005 to January 31, 2013. An additional hand search of the relevant journals and of the bibliographies of the paper identified was also performed. Articles retrieved were screened using specific inclusion criteria by five independent reviewers: Studies investigating the effect of platelet concentrate in surgical procedure for the treatment of periodontal intra osseous defects compared with the control group in which platelet concentrate was not used were included. Five relevant articles were selected for the meta-analysis of which 3 articles were retrieved after electronic search and two articles were included after hand search. The number of patients in studies ranged from 15 to 62 (32-90 sites) with mean age ranging from 29.47 to 39.7. A total of 298 sites were treated using PRF either in combination with graft or as a monotherapy in comparison to traditional OFD procedure. The meta-analysis showed a standard mean difference of 0.95 mm; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.20-1.71 in clinical attachment level (CAL) and 2.33 mm; 95% CI: 1.43-3.23 in IBD after treatment of IBD with PRF compared with OFD. The meta-analysis showed clinically significant improvements in periodontal parameters such as CAL, IBD, and reduction in probing depth when IBDs were treated with PRF alone when compared to OFD. PMID:25624624

Shah, Monali; Deshpande, Neeraj; Bharwani, Ashit; Nadig, Prasad; Doshi, Vikas; Dave, Deepak

2014-01-01

367

Temporal lobe sulcal pattern and the bony impressions in the middle cranial fossa: the case of the el Sidrón (Spain) neandertal sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

Correspondence between temporal lobe sulcal pattern and bony impressions on the middle cranial fossae (MCF) was analyzed. MCF bone remains (SD-359, SD-315, and SD-1219) from the El Sidrón (Spain) neandertal site are analyzed in this context. Direct comparison of the soft and hard tissues from the same individual was studied by means of: 1) dissection of two human heads; 2) optic (white light) surface scans; 3) computed tomography and magnetic resonance of the same head. The inferior temporal sulcus and gyrus are the features most strongly influencing MCF bone surface. The Superior temporal sulcus and middle temporal and fusiform gyri also leave imprints. Temporal lobe form differs between Homo sapiens and neandertals. A wider and larger post-arcuate fossa (posterior limit of Brodmann area 20 and the anterior portion of area 37) is present in modern humans as compared to neandertals. However other traits of the MCF surface are similar in these two large-brained human groups. A conspicuous variation is appreciated in the more vertical location of the inferior temporal gyrus in H. sapiens. In parallel, structures of the lower surface of the temporal lobe are more sagittally orientated. Grooves accommodating the fusiform and the lower temporal sulci become grossly parallel to the temporal squama. These differences can be understood within the context of a supero-lateral deployment of the lobe in H. sapiens, a pattern previously identified (Bastir et al., Nat Commun 2 (2011) 588-595). Regarding dural sinus pattern, a higher incidence of petrosquamous sinus is detected in neandertal samples. PMID:24943273

Rosas, Antonio; Peña-Melián, Angel; García-Tabernero, Antonio; Bastir, Markus; De La Rasilla, Marco

2014-12-01

368

Early detection of bony alterations in rheumatoid and erosive arthritis of finger joints with high-resolution single photon emission computed tomography, and differentiation between them  

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To evaluate high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) for the detection of bony alterations in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA), early osteoarthritis (EOA) of the fingers and healthy controls. The clinically dominant hands of 27 patients (13 ERA, nine EOA, five healthy controls) were examined by MPH-SPECT and bone scintigraphy. Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in the ERA patients. Number of affected joints, localisation, pattern of tracer distribution and joint involvement were scored. Quantitative analysis was achieved by measurement of the region of interest (ROI) in all patients. The MPH-SPECT and MR images were fused in the ERA group. Bone scintigraphy detected fewer joints (26 joints,13/22 patients) with increased tracer uptake than did MPH-SPECT (80 joints, 21/22 patients). Bone scintigraphy did not show recognisable uptake patterns in any group of patients. With MPH-SPECT central tracer distribution was typical in ERA (10/13 patients, EOA 2/9). In contrast, an eccentric pattern was found predominantly in EOA (7/9, ERA 2/13). Normalised counts were 4.5 in unaffected joints and up to 222.7 in affected joints. The mean uptake values in affected joints were moderately higher in the EOA patients (78.75, and 62.16 in ERA). The mean tracer uptake in affected joints was approximately three-times higher than in unaffected joints in both groups (ERA 3.64-times higher, EOA 3.58). Correlation with MR images revealed that bone marrow oedema and erosions matched pathological tracer accumulation of MPH-SPECT in 11/13. MPH-SPECT demonstrated increased activity in 2/13 patients with normal bone marrow signal intensity and synovitis seen on MR images. MPH-SPECT is sensitive to early changes in ERA and EOA and permits them to be distinguished by their patterns of uptake. (orig.)

Ostendorf, B.; Schneider, M. [Heinrich-Heine University, Rheumatology, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Rheumatology, Duesseldorf (Germany); Mattes-Gyoergy, K.; Wirrwar, A.; Mueller, H.W. [Heinrich-Heine University, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Duesseldorf (Germany); Reichelt, D.C.; Blondin, D.; Lanzman, R.; Moedder, U.; Scherer, A. [Heinrich-Heine University, Institute of Radiology, Duesseldorf (Germany)

2010-01-15

369

Association of Malassezia species with psoriatic lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aetiology of psoriasis remains elusive. Among multiple factors hypothesised, association of Malassezia spp. is supported by response to topical antifungals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of Malassezia spp. with psoriatic lesion. The subjects included 50 consecutive patients with psoriasis, and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Samples were collected using scotch tape over one square inch area from the lesional and non-lesional sites. The isolated Malassezia spp. were identified by phenotypic methods and confirmed by ITS2 PCR-RFLP and sequencing of D1/D2 region of 26S rDNA. Psoriatic lesions were seen commonly on scalp (28%, 14), chest (22%, 11) and arms (16%, 8). Majority of cases presented with chronic plaque form (76%, 38; P Malassezia species was M. furfur (70.6%, 24), followed by M. japonica (11.8%, 4) and M. globosa (8.8%, 3). From healthy individuals M. furfur, M. sympodialis, mixture of M. furfur and M. globosa was isolated in 73.3%, 10% and 16.7% (22, 3 and 5) of cases respectively. The average number of colonies isolated from scalp lesions of the patients was significantly higher (P = 0.03) than healthy areas. Although no strong association of Malassezia species was formed with psoriatic lesion in general, the fungi may play a role in exacerbation of scalp psoriasis. PMID:24655111

Rudramurthy, Shivaprakash M; Honnavar, Prasanna; Chakrabarti, Arunaloke; Dogra, Sunil; Singh, Pankaj; Handa, Sanjeev

2014-08-01

370

Traumatic mediastinal lesions: computed tomography findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Traumatic mediastinal lesions are unusual findings in patients with thoracic trauma but may represent poor prognosis and be associated with severe lesions. Mediastinal trauma is increasingly being diagnosed by computed tomography due to the fast acquisition times of helical techniques, allowing the evaluating of critically ill patients and the adoption of efficient therapeutic measures. The authors studied 11 patients with mediastinal lesions who were submitted to computed tomography due to thoracic trauma. The most frequent finding was mediastinal bleeding characterized by infiltration of mediastinal fat, dense material within the mediastinal spaces or hematoma. Hemo pericardium was the second most common lesion in this series, appearing as dense or liquid material in the pericardium. Aortic lesions such as wall irregularities or pseudoaneurisms were less commonly seen (three patients). In this study blunt thoracic traumas were observed in six cases whereas penetrating trauma occurred in five cases. The causes of blunt trauma were pedestrians struck by car, motor vehicle accidents and falls. Penetrating trauma was due to lesions produced by bullets or knifes. (author)

371

Computerized lesion detection on breast ultrasound  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We investigated the use of a radial gradient index (RGI) filtering technique to automatically detect lesions on breast ultrasound. After initial RGI filtering, a sensitivity of 87% at 0.76 false-positive detections per image was obtained on a database of 400 patients (757 images). Next, lesion candidates were segmented from the background by maximizing an average radial gradient (ARD) index for regions grown from the detected points. At an overlap of 0.4 with a radiologist lesion outline, 75% of the lesions were correctly detected. Subsequently, round robin analysis was used to assess the quality of the classification of lesion candidates into actual lesions and false-positives by a Bayesian neural network. The round robin analysis yielded an Az value of 0.84, and an overall performance by case of 94% sensitivity at 0.48 false-positives per image. Use of computerized analysis of breast sonograms may ultimately facilitate the use of sonography in breast cancer screening programs

372

Texture feature based liver lesion classification  

Science.gov (United States)

Liver lesion classification is a difficult clinical task. Computerized analysis can support clinical workflow by enabling more objective and reproducible evaluation. In this paper, we evaluate the contribution of several types of texture features for a computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) system which automatically classifies liver lesions from CT images. Based on the assumption that liver lesions of various classes differ in their texture characteristics, a variety of texture features were examined as lesion descriptors. Although texture features are often used for this task, there is currently a lack of detailed research focusing on the comparison across different texture features, or their combinations, on a given dataset. In this work we investigated the performance of Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM), Local Binary Patterns (LBP), Gabor, gray level intensity values and Gabor-based LBP (GLBP), where the features are obtained from a given lesion`s region of interest (ROI). For the classification module, SVM and KNN classifiers were examined. Using a single type of texture feature, best result of 91% accuracy, was obtained with Gabor filtering and SVM classification. Combination of Gabor, LBP and Intensity features improved the results to a final accuracy of 97%.

Doron, Yeela; Mayer-Wolf, Nitzan; Diamant, Idit; Greenspan, Hayit

2014-03-01

373

Human brain lesion-deficit inference remapped.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our knowledge of the anatomical organization of the human brain in health and disease draws heavily on the study of patients with focal brain lesions. Historically the first method of mapping brain function, it is still potentially the most powerful, establishing the necessity of any putative neural substrate for a given function or deficit. Great inferential power, however, carries a crucial vulnerability: without stronger alternatives any consistent error cannot be easily detected. A hitherto unexamined source of such error is the structure of the high-dimensional distribution of patterns of focal damage, especially in ischaemic injury-the commonest aetiology in lesion-deficit studies-where the anatomy is naturally shaped by the architecture of the vascular tree. This distribution is so complex that analysis of lesion data sets of conventional size cannot illuminate its structure, leaving us in the dark about the presence or absence of such error. To examine this crucial question we assembled the largest known set of focal brain lesions (n = 581), derived from unselected patients with acute ischaemic injury (mean age = 62.3 years, standard deviation = 17.8, male:female ratio = 0.547), visualized with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, and processed with validated automated lesion segmentation routines. High-dimensional analysis of this data revealed a hidden bias within the multivariate patterns of damage that will consistently distort lesion-deficit maps, displacing inferred critical regions from their true locations, in a manner opaque to replication. Quantifying the size of this mislocalization demonstrates that past lesion-deficit relationships estimated with conventional inferential methodology are likely to be significantly displaced, by a magnitude dependent on the unknown underlying lesion-deficit relationship itself. Past studies therefore cannot be retrospectively corrected, except by new knowledge that would render them redundant. Positively, we show that novel machine learning techniques employing high-dimensional inference can nonetheless accurately converge on the true locus. We conclude that current inferences about human brain function and deficits based on lesion mapping must be re-evaluated with methodology that adequately captures the high-dimensional structure of lesion data. PMID:24974384

Mah, Yee-Haur; Husain, Masud; Rees, Geraint; Nachev, Parashkev

2014-09-01

374

Surgical treatment of gallbladder polypoid lesions  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Polypoid lesions of the gallbladder can be divided into benign and malignant categories. Malignant polypoid lesions include carcinomas of the gallbladder, which is the fifth most common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract and the most common malignancy of the biliary tract. Benign polypoid lesions of the gallbladder are divided into true tumors and pseudotumors. Pseudotumors account for most of polypoid lesions of the gallbladder, and include polyps, hyperplasia, and other miscellaneous lesions. Adenomas are the most common benign neoplasms of the gallbladder. Cholesterol polyps are the most common pseudotumors of the gallbladder. The polyps can be single or multiple, usually less than 10 mm in size. They have no predilection for any particular gallbladder site, and usually are attached to the gallbladder wall by a delicate, narrow pedicle. No malignant potential has been identified for this type of pseudotumor. Adenomas are the most common benign neoplasms of the gallbladder. They have no predilection site in the gallbladder, and may also be associated with gallstones or cholecystitis. The premalignant nature of adenomas remains controversial. Ultrasonography (US has been demonstrated to be significantly better in detecting polypoid lesions of the gallbladder as compared with computed tomography and cholecystography. A mass fixed to the gallbladder wall of normal thickness, without shadowing, is seen in case of gallbladder polyp. Since gallbladder cancers usually present as polypoid lesions, differentiation between benign polypoid lesion and malignant lesion can be very difficult, even with high-resolution imaging techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS Retrospectively we have analyzed 38 patients with ultrasonographicaly detected gallbladder polyps during the period from January 1995 to December 2000, who were treated at surgical department of Health Centre in Uzice and at Surgical clinic of Clinical Centre in Nis. We have analyzed patients demographical data as well as their symptoms and radiographic findings. If the patient was operated, patohistological findings were analyzed also. RESULTS In our study 38 examined patients had mean age of 53.2 years (standard deviation of 12.8 years; range 26-80 years. The male-female ratio was 1:1. Overall 36 patients had symptoms that could be related to gallbladder diseases. Among these patients, 32 had pain in the upper-right quadrant of the abdomen that could be defined as biliar colic, and two had symptoms of acute cholecystitis. Among remaining four patients, two were examined because of the pain in the lower part of the abdomen. One patient had high temperature of unknown origin and the gallbladder polyp was detected accidentally during the ultrasonographic examination of the abdomen. Second patient had jaundice of unknown origin with ultrasound showing no significant changes in biliary tract. Preoperative ultrasound findings were inconsistent. The size of the lesion was marked only in 18 out of 38 patients. Among 34 operated patients, just 11 of them had patohistologicaly verified polipoid lesion. Patohistological analyzes of extirpated gallbladders showed one normal gallbladder, seven cholesterol polyps, one polipoid cholecystitis, and two real gallbladder neoplasms. One patient had gallbladder adenoma while the other had adenocarcinoma. Malignancy rate was 2.94% (one in 34. All patients with neoplastic polyps had solitary lesion larger than 1 cm in diameter, while the patients with non-neoplastic lesions had multiple lesions smaller than 1 cm in diameter. All operated patients, with the exception of one, had pathologically verified abnormal gallbladders. This results showed the presence of chronic cholecystitis even in the absence of the polyps. DISCUSSION Generally, no treatment is required in young patients with very small gallbladder polyps who are completely free from any symptoms. A patient with dyspeptic symptoms but no painful episodes consistent with biliary colic should be managed conservatively. Cholecystectomy is also indicated in

Peji? Miljko A.

2003-01-01

375

Radiologic appearance of primary jaw lesions in children  

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Background: The jaw (an unusual site of primary tumors in children and adolescents) has lesions often found incidentally by dentists on routine panoramic radiographs or during examination of a child who has swelling or tooth pain. Objective: This pictorial seeks to familiarize pediatric radiologists with the radiographic appearance of a variety of primary jaw lesions. Materials and methods: We retrospectively searched institutional records for cases of primary jaw lesions in children and adolescents. Jaw lesions were characterized as: I, well-circumscribed radiolucent lesions; II, lesions with mixed or variable appearance; III, poorly circumscribed radiolucent lesions; and IV, radiopaque lesions. Results: Although most oral and maxillofacial lesions in children are benign, a broad spectrum of tumors was identified; lesions may occur in patients with unrelated prior malignancy. Conclusion: Because radiologic studies may identify jaw lesions and direct further care, familiarity with the appearance of these entities is prudent. (orig.)

Gupta, Malini; Kaste, Sue C. [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Hopkins, Kenneth P. [Department of Surgery, Division of Dentistry, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)

2002-03-01

376

Benign breast lesions in Eastern Nigeria  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective was to characterize benign breast diseases in Eastern Nigeria and to highlight the age variations of these lesions as base line data. The Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu caters for over 30 million African blacks and receives 2000 surgical pathology specimens yearly. Seven hundred and twenty-two benign breast specimens were analyzed over 5 years from Ist January 2000 to 31 December 2004, out of 1050 breast samples received. Of 1050 breast specimens received, 722 (68.8%) were benign. Fibroadenoma was the most common lesion with 318 cases (44%), occurring at a mean age of 16-32 years. Next were fibrocystic changes with 165 cases (22.9%) at a mean age of 23-45 years. Normal breast in the axillary tail region was seen in 32 cases (4.4%), represented as no pathology, with a mean presentation age of 20-46 years. Low grade Phyllodes tumor had 28 cases (3.9%), presenting at an average mean age of 17-32 years. Lactating adenoma had 19 (2.6%) cases. Other lesions made up less than 3% each. Benign breast lesions peaked at the 20-24 age range and then declined. Most were females. Benign breast lesions occur more frequently than malignant breast lesions with a ratio of 2.3:1 and were presented 20 years earlier than their malignant counterparts. Fibroadenoma was the most common benign lesions followed by fibrocystic disease, similar to the findings in Western Nigeria. In Northern Nigeria, fibrocystic breast disease was more comm, fibrocystic breast disease was more common. (author)

377

Accurate GM atrophy quantification in MS using lesion-filling with co-registered 2D lesion masks?  

Science.gov (United States)

Background In multiple sclerosis (MS), brain atrophy quantification is affected by white matter lesions. LEAP and FSL-lesion_filling, replace lesion voxels with white matter intensities; however, they require precise lesion identification on 3DT1-images. Aim To determine whether 2DT2 lesion masks co-registered to 3DT1 images, yield grey and white matter volumes comparable to precise lesion masks. Methods 2DT2 lesion masks were linearly co-registered to 20 3DT1-images of MS patients, with nearest-neighbor (NNI), and tri-linear interpolation. As gold-standard, lesion masks were manually outlined on 3DT1-images. LEAP and FSL-lesion_filling were applied with each lesion mask. Grey (GM) and white matter (WM) volumes were quantified with FSL-FAST, and deep gray matter (DGM) volumes using FSL-FIRST. Volumes were compared between lesion mask types using paired Wilcoxon tests. Results Lesion-filling with gold-standard lesion masks compared to native images reduced GM overestimation by 1.93 mL (p < .001) for LEAP, and 1.21 mL (p = .002) for FSL-lesion_filling. Similar effects were achieved with NNI lesion masks from 2DT2. Global WM underestimation was not significantly influenced. GM and WM volumes from NNI, did not differ significantly from gold-standard. GM segmentation differed between lesion masks in the lesion area, and also elsewhere. Using the gold-standard, FSL-FAST quantified as GM on average 0.4% of the lesion area with LEAP and 24.5% with FSL-lesion_filling. Lesion-filling did not influence DGM volumes from FSL-FIRST. Discussion These results demonstrate that for global GM volumetry, precise lesion masks on 3DT1 images can be replaced by co-registered 2DT2 lesion masks. This makes lesion-filling a feasible method for GM atrophy measurements in MS. PMID:24567908

Popescu, V.; Ran, N.C.G.; Barkhof, F.; Chard, D.T.; Wheeler-Kingshott, C.A.; Vrenken, H.

2014-01-01

378

Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores / Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósi [...] to de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3%) se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73%) correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27%) a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total), 4 (36,3%) con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18%) con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18%) con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9%) con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9%) con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9%) con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología. Abstract in english Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical [...] service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81%) had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%). were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36%) had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18%) had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18%) had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

MARÍA ANGÉLICA, MATAMALA S; MIGUEL, GONZÁLEZ P; GONZALO, ROSSEL D; CONSTANZA, NIEME S.

2012-08-01

379

Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients  

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Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3% se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73% correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27% a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total, 4 (36,3% con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18% con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18% con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9% con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9% con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9% con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología.Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81% had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%. were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36% had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18% had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18% had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

MARÍA ANGÉLICA MATAMALA S

2012-08-01

380

Iliopsoas compartment lesions: a radiologic evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The iliopsoas compartment, a posterior boundary of the retroperitoneum, is comprised of the psoas major, psoas minor and iliac muscles. The symptoms picture in patients presenting with pathological involvement of this compartment may show a wide range of nonspecific clinical presentations that may lead to delayed diagnosis. However, in the search of an etiological diagnosis, it is already known that inflammation, tumors, and hemorrhages account for almost all the lesions affecting the iliopsoas compartment. By means of a retrospective analysis of radiological studies in patients with iliopsoas compartment lesions whose diagnosis was confirmed by anatomopathological evaluation or clinical follow-up, we have reviewed its anatomy as well as the main forms of involvement, with the purpose of identifying radiological signs that may help to narrow down the potential differential diagnoses. As each lesion is approached we will discuss the main radiological findings such as presence of gas in pyogenic abscesses, bone destruction and other bone changes of vertebral bodies in lesions secondary to tuberculosis, involvement of fascial planes in cases of neoplasms, and differences in signal density and intensity of hematomas secondary to hemoglobin degradation, among others. So, we have tried to present cases depicting the most frequent lesions involving the iliopsoas compartment, with emphasis on those signs that can lead us to a more specific etiological diagnosis. (author)cific etiological diagnosis. (author)

381

Venocentric lesions: an MRI marker of MS?  

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Full Text Available From the earliest descriptions of MS, the venocentric characteristic of plaques was noted. Recently, numerous MRI studies have proposed this finding as a prospective biomarker for MS, which might aid in differentiating MS from other diseases with similar MRI findings. High field MRI studies have shown that penetrating veins can be detected in most MS lesions using T2* weighted or susceptibility weighted imaging. Future studies must address the feasibility of imaging such veins in a clinically practical context. The specificity of this biomarker has been studied only in a limited capacity. Results in microangiopathic lesions are conflicting, whereas asymptomatic white matter hyperintensities as well as lesions of NMO are less frequently venocentric compared to MS plaques. Prospective studies have shown that the presence of venocentric lesions at an early clinical presentation is highly predictive of future MS diagnosis. This is very promising, but work remains to be done to confirm or exclude lesions of common MS mimics, such as ADEM, as venocentric. A number of technical challenges must be addressed before the introduction of this technique as a complementary tool in current diagnostic procedures.

MarceloKremenchutzky

2013-07-01

382

Cystic ovarian lesions in SSFP diffusion imaging  

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MR assessments of ovarian cystic lesions are usually based on morphological features, signal intensities and enhancement with contrast media. This study was performed to evaluate the usefulness of the steady-state free precession (SSFP) diffusion imaging of cystic ovarian lesions for analyzing cystic contents. Sixty-one ovarian cystic lesions in 37 patients were examined. The diffusion-related coefficient (DRC) and the ratio of the relative apparent diffusion coefficient of the lesion to that of subcutaneous fat tissue (rADC{sub L}/rADC{sub F}) were calculated from SSFP diffusion images. The DRCs and the rADC{sub L} /rADC{sub F} ratios in endometrial cysts and in the fatty parts of dermoid cysts were significantly lower than in other cystic tumors. SSFP diffusion imaging can be included in clinical practice to analyze ovarian cystic lesions within a short scan time; the DRC and the rADC{sub L} /rADC{sub F} ratio are useful for evaluating cystic contents. (author)

Kaji, Yasushi; Matsuo, Michimasa [Tenri Hospital, Nara (Japan); Matsuki, Mitsuru [Osaka Medical Coll., Takatsuki (Japan)] (and others)

2002-12-01

383

32P testing for posterior segment lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

32P testing introduced to ophthalmology by Thomas et al. in 1952 has gained wide acceptance as a test for determining the benign or malignant nature of ocular lesions. With experience gained during the first decade, the test was generally thought to be accurate for larger anterior lesions but unreliable in testing smaller posterior lesions. Over the last ten years new instruments utilizing modern technologic advances have been developed. Greater understanding of the basic properties of 32P and its behavior in benign and malignant tissue has been obtained. Accurate localization, improvements in instrument design, and newer surgical techniques have been employed. All of these factors have transformed 32P testing into a highly accurate and reliable procedure. If done properly, the test is accurate not only for large anterior lesions but also for smaller posterior lesions. This series will verify the reliability of 32P testing if properly performed and correctly interpreted. It will also point out the limitations and pitfalls in the procedure

384

Evaluation of various hepatic lesions with PET  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

When a liver lesion is found in a PET image, differential diagnosis and analysis of the lesion is very important. We tried to analyze hepatic lesions found in PET. 53 patients with focal liver lesions (13 patients with HCC, 8 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CC), 20 patients with liver metastasis, 5 patients with hemangioma, 7 patients with liver abscess, including 1 patient with liver candidiasis) were examined. Definitely high FDG uptake pattern were observed in 54% (7/13) of HCC, 100% (8/8) of CC, 95% (19/20) of metastatic liver cancer and 100% (7/7) of liver abscess. Therefore, PET was partially useful in the diagnosis of HCC, but it was very useful in the diagnosis of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess. The contrast between lesions and surrounding liver background was very conspicuous in PET images of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess, which suggests that PET might be used for the follow up and assessment of treatment response of these diseases

385

Petrous apex lesions outcome in 21 cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Petrous apex lesions of temporal bone progress slowly. Most of the time not only destruct this area but also involve neighbouring element. The symptoms of the neighbouring neuro-vasculare involvement we can recognize these lesions. The most common symptoms of involvement of the petrous apex are: headache, conductive hearing loss or sensorineural type, paresthesia and anesthesia of the trigeminal nerve, paresia and paralysis of the facial nerve, abducent nerve. In retrospective study which has been in the ENT and HNS wards of Amiralam hospital, 148 patients have been operated due to temporal bone tumor; from these numbers, 21 (13.6% patients had petrous apex lesions of temporal bone. Eleven (52.9% patients of these 21 persons were men and the remaining 10 (47-6% were women. The average age of the patients was 37 years. The common pathology of these patients were glomus jugulare tumors, hemangioma, schwannoma, meningioma, congenital cholesteatoma, giant cell granuloma. The kind of operations that have been done on these patients were: infratemporal, translabyrinthine and middle fossa approaches. The conclusion of this study shows that petrous apex area is an occult site. The symptoms of this lesion are not characteristic, meticulous attention to the history and physical examination are very helpful to recognition of these lesions and it's extention.

Hekmatara M

1997-09-01

386

Chondrogenic Lesions of the Skeletal System Using Radiographs, CT and MRI  

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Full Text Available Benign Tumors: Chondroma, chondroblastoma,"nchondromyxoid fibroma, osteochondroma"nChondroma"n1. Enchondroma"n2. Periosteal Chondroma"n3. Enchondromatosis"n4. Metachondromatosis"nEnchondroma is a benign metaphyseal tumor. The"nmajor differential diagnoses are bone infarct and"nchondrosarcoma. Calcification in enchondroma"nhas a popcorn appearance and on radiographs and"nCT they may be counted. Calcified bone infarct"nhas an appearance similar to rotten metal. Central"nchondrosarcoma shows cortical erosion more than"ntwo thirds of the thickness of cortex and also periosteal"nreaction. Pain and growth of lesion in adulthood raises"nthe possibility of malignant transformation."nPeriosteal chondroma: This lesion arises from the"nperiosteum without involving the medullary bone."nThe most common location is the upper humerus."nEnchondromatosis reveals multiple enchondromas,"npredominantly involving one side of the skeleton."nMalignant transformation is the major complication"nof enchondromatosis. In malignant transformation,"nMRI shows that perichondrium is more than 1 cm"nthick in adults and more than 3 cm thick in children."nIn the hands and feet, enchondromatosis should not"nbe confused with fibrous dysplasia. Mafucci syndrome"nis enchondromatosis associated with cavernous"nhemangiomas with a prognosis worse than enchondr"nomatosis."nMultiple hereditary cartilaginous exostoses: This is"nof metaphyseal origin and pedunculated forms grow"naway from the adjacent joint. Sessile osteochondromas"nare broad based; if their surface is irregular they are"nsuspicious of malignancy. Pain and growth of the"nlesion after closure of the epiphyseal plate are warning"nsigns of malignant transformation. In malignant"ntransformation MRI shows that perichondrium is"nmore than 1 cm thick in adults and more than 3 cm"nthick in children."nChondroblastoma: This is a benign tumor, seen before"nclosure of epiphyseal plate, with a sclerotic border."n30 to 50% show calcification. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings. The tumor is hypodense in T1"nand hyperdense in T2 and post gadolinium injection"nfat suppressed T1 images. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nChondromyxoid Fibroma-A benign, eccentric, ovoid,"nmetaphyseal tumor with recurrent tendency. It rarely"nshows calcification. The tumor is hypodense on T1 and"nIran J Radiol 2011, 8 (Supp.1 S65"nhyper dense on T2 and post gadolinium studies show"nhyperintensity beyond the tumor. It has a tendency"nfor recurrence. Non-ossifying fibroma is a self healing"nmetaphyseal fibrous defect and not a tumor, diamond"nshaped in one of the perpendicular radiographs."nMetaphyseal fibrous defect is usually subcortical, but"nit may be small and intracortical. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nSynovial chondrometaplasia. (synovial"nosteochondromatosis is an arthritis resulting"nfrom chondro (or osteochondro metaplasia of the"nsynovium. They may form osteocartilaginous bodies"nin the joint. In advanced cases they may cause erosion of"nthe articular surface and malignant transportation has"nbeen reported. Radiographs may demonstrate chondroosseous"nbodies in the joints, but CT demonstrates them"nbetter. MRI shows joint fluid and filling defects in the"nfluid. Erosion may be demonstrated by these three"nmodalities."nChondrosarcoma:"nConventional Chondrosarcoma: central, peripheral"nand juxtacortical."nVariants of chondrosarcoma: clear cell, mesenchymal"nand dedifferentiated. Chondrosarcoma can be"ndifferentiated from enchondroma by the presence"nof cortical erosion more than two thirds of the"ncortical diameter and periosteal reaction. Most"nchondrosarcomas discussed here are of low grad

Akbar Bonakdarpour

2011-05-01

387

Oral White Lesions: Presentation and Comparison of Oral Submucous Fibrosis with Other Lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To compare oral submucous fibrosis with other white oral lesions for presentation and associated factors. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Departments of Oral Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ibad Institute of Oral Health Sciences (DIKIOHS), Karachi, from May 2008 to May 2009. Methodology: Patients presenting with oral white lesions were selected by consecutive non-purposive sampling and clinico-demographic data was collected. For patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), additional information like duration of habits, maximal incisal opening (MIO), presence of any other associated lesion were noted. OSF was compared with other white lesions for any association between characteristic of subjects. Chi-square and independent t-tests for determining the statistical significance at p < 0.05. Results: OSF was present in 59.6% (n = 106) of the 178 patients; other white lesions were 40.4% (n = 72). The mean age of patients with OSF was 34 +- 12.7 years and 45.81 +- 16.2 years in patients with other white lesions, (p < 0.0001). Items containing areca nut were consumed more by patients with OSF, with a significant (p < 0.0001) compared to patients with other white lesions. Conclusion: OSF was the predominant white lesion in patients examined at DIKIOHS. Areca nut was found to be chewed more by patients with OSF and still longer by patients with SCC. (author)

388

Endocervical glandular lesions: controversial aspects and ancillary techniques  

OpenAIRE

The incidence of malignant and premalignant endocervical glandular lesions is increasing. This review covers controversial and difficult aspects regarding the categorisation and diagnosis of these lesions. The terminology of premalignant endocervical glandular lesions is discussed because of the differences between the UK terminology and the widely used World Health Organisation classification. The morphology and histological subtypes of premalignant endocervical glandular lesions are describ...

Mccluggage, W. G.

2003-01-01

389

Early detection of bony alterations in rheumatoid and erosive arthritis of finger joints with high-resolution single photon emission computed tomography, and differentiation between them  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) for the detection of bony alterations in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA), early osteoarthritis (EOA) of the fingers and healthy controls. The clinically dominant hands of 27 patients (13 ERA, nine EOA, five healthy controls) were examined by MPH-SPECT and bone scintigraphy. Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in the ERA patients. Number of affected joints, localisation, pattern of tracer distribution and joint involvement were scored. Quantitative analysis was achieved by measurement of the region of interest (ROI) in all patients. The MPH-SPECT and MR images were fused in the ERA group. Bone scintigraphy detected fewer joints (26 joints,13/22 patients) with increased tracer uptake than did MPH-SPECT (80 joints, 21/22 patients). Bone scintigraphy did not show recognisable uptake patterns in any group of patients. With MPH-SPECT central tracer distribution was typical in ERA (10/13 patients, EOA 2/9). In contrast, an eccentric pattern was found predominantly in EOA (7/9, ERA 2/13). Normalised counts were 4.5 in unaffected joints and up to 222.7 in affected joints. The mean uptake values in affected joints were moderately higher in the EOA patients (78.75, and 62.16 in ERA). The mean tracer uptake in affected joints was approximately three-times higher than in unaffected joints in both groups (ERA 3.64-times higher, EOA 3.58). Correlation with MR im higher, EOA 3.58). Correlation with MR images revealed that bone marrow oedema and erosions matched pathological tracer accumulation of MPH-SPECT in 11/13. MPH-SPECT demonstrated increased activity in 2/13 patients with normal bone marrow signal intensity and synovitis seen on MR images. MPH-SPECT is sensitive to early changes in ERA and EOA and permits them to be distinguished by their patterns of uptake. (orig.)

390

Application of ultrasound in cranial lesion (I)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Use of US to evaluate the brain lesions for the first time was in 1956 by Leksell, who tried to detect the middle of brain with A-mode. After that B-mode was used in 1970's and reported US findings of variable brain lesions in early 1980's in foreign countries, but widely used in ours. Authors analyzed US findings of 54 cases (45 who performed through anterior fontanelle and temporoparietal thin bone and 9 through the surgical bone defect) and compared with CT image to reconfirm the efficacy of US. We could concluded that using US, as initial screening and follow up method in neonate, infant and early childhood under 15 months and as a follows up method in post operative patient, was not inferior to CT and was more effective in case of abscess and cystic lesions.

391

Incidencia de las lesiones cutáneas malignas faciales  

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Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio de las lesiones malignas de la piel facial en el Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de Camagüey en los años 2000 y 2001. La información se obtuvo de 148 historias clínicas con el diagnóstico de lesiones malignas de la piel, de las cuales 42 correspondieron a lesiones de localización facial. La entidad que nos ocupa fue mayor en pacientes mayores de 50 años de edad, blancos, masculinos, con predominio en el tercio medio facial. Los principales tipos histológicos fueron: el carcinoma basocelular y el espinocelular, pero con mayor predominio en el primero. Se revisa el tema y se comparan nuestros resultados con los de otros autores.

Jorge Luis Zequeira Peña

2003-04-01

392

Evaluation of bone lesions of lymphomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Skeletal involvement of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is found in 11-16%, in Hodgkin's disease in 7.6-34%. Primary lymphoma of bone has an incidence of 1-50% among all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The occurrence of skeletal lesions is higher in infants and children than in adults. Skeletal lesions caused by Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are mostly seen in the axial skeleton including the skull, whereas the primary lymphoma of bone seems to prefer a more peripheral site. The aggressiveness of the tumor growth can be measured by the method of Lodwick, by judging the edge characteristic, the penetration of the cortex, the periostal and scleotic reaction. 3 examples illustrate this method. Conventional radiographs need only be performed when there is reason to believe a lesion is located in an area of structural importance, such as the neck of the femur, and in cases of skeletal pain of unknown origin. (orig.)

393

Fine-needle aspiration of splenic lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the safety and usefulness of percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of the splenic lesions. Fine needle aspiration biopsy was done in 7 patients with splenic lesions. Spleen puncture was performed by using 22 gauge Chiba needle, under ultrasound guidance in 6 patients and CT guidance in one patient. No major complication such as bleeding, infection or pneumothorax occurred. Final diagnosis were 2 cases of splenic lymphoma and one case each of metastasis, cystic lymphangioma, tuberculosis, hemangioma, and extramedullary hematopoiesis. Cytologic results were true positive in 4 patients and were clinically useful in all patients. This study shows that FNAB of splenic lesions may be a valuable procedure safe from major complications such as fatal bleeding

394

Morphology of melanocytic lesions in situ  

Science.gov (United States)

Melanoma is a solid tumour with its own specificity from the biological and morphological viewpoint. On one hand, numerous mutations are already known affecting different pathways. They usually concern proliferation rate, apoptosis, cell senescence and cell behaviour. On the other hand, several visual criteria at the tissue level are used by physicians in order to diagnose skin lesions. Nevertheless, the mechanisms between the changes from the mutations at the cell level to the morphology exhibited at the tissue level are still not fully understood. Using physical tools, we develop a simple model. We demonstrate analytically that it contains the necessary ingredients to understand several specificities of melanoma such as the presence of microstructures inside a skin lesion or the absence of a necrotic core. We also explain the importance of senescence for growth arrest in benign skin lesions. Thanks to numerical simulations, we successfully compare this model to biological data.

Balois, Thibaut; Amar, Martine Ben

2014-01-01

395

Lesions in nerves and plexus after radiotherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Apart from the typical, radiation-induced changes in the skin, common secondary findings were oedemas, radiation-induced ulceration, fibroses of the mediastinum and lungs, pleura adhesions, and osteoradionecroses. In one patient with radiogenic paresis of the plexus brachialis, irradiation of the spinal cord because of epidural metastases of a mammary carcinoma resulted in radiation myelopathy which was verified by laminectomy. Observations of radiogenic lesions of the plexus brachialis show that the usual site of the lesion in the vasomotoric nerve bundle is the axilla. The lesion is assumed to be caused mainly by an overlapping of the axillary, infraclavicular and supraclavicular fields of irradiation which results in a dose peak in the axilla. (orig./AJ) 891 AJ/orig.- 892 MKO

396

Blue light hazards for ocular lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The blue light range (400-500 nm) of visible radiation stimulates specifically cones and rods of the retina. The carried energy by these wavelengths is absorbed and transferred to specific pigments. Their energy is sufficient to produce free radicals and singlet form of oxygen. Intense sources, rich in blue light radiation, may induce, in the retina, photo-toxic lesions either limited or short-lived or photothermal lesions more or less definitive. Repeated photo-toxic lesions should be the root for the age-related maculo-pathy (A.R.M.) also called late macular degeneration (A.M.D.). As a consequence, the attention should be drawn on the potential risk linked to modern lighting as 'daylight' lamp, compact fluorescent lamps, energy saving (C.F.L.) and light-emitting diodes (L.E.D.) for which a specific vigilance should be enforced. (author)

397

CT Guided Needle Biopsies in Mediastinal Lesions  

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Full Text Available Background/Objective: The present study was"nperformed to determine the incidence of mediastinal"npathologies by CT-guided needle biopsy in mediastinal"nlesions."nPatients and Methods: We performed CT guided"nneedle biopsy on 62 cases of mediastinal lesions after"nthe physician's request. Thoracic CT scan with a 64-"nslice MSCT was done for all patients before the needle"nbiopsy. All biopsies were performed by one experienced"ninterventional radiologist using a semiautomatic"ncoaxial 18 guage needle. The results were confirmed"nby two pathologists who were unaware of each other's"nreports. Because of different pathological reports, two"ncases were excluded from the study."nResults: The study population included 44 men and"n16 women with the mean age of 48 years (range, 26-"n69 years. The mean lesion diameter was 45 mm (±10"nmm. Most of the mediastinal lesions were located in"nthe anterior mediastinum (53%, 33.3% of the cases"nwere in paramediastinal areas and 13.3% of the lesions"nwere in the posterior mediastinum. Fifty two cases"nwere diagnosed as neoplastic lesions, non Hodgkin"nlymphoma was the most common of them (33.3% in"nboth sexes. Thymoma was detected in 12 cases (20%,"ninfiltrative carcinoma in 12 cases (20%, malignant"nperipheral nerve sheat tumor (MPNST in eight"npatients (13.3%. Bronchogenic cyst was detected in"nfour cases and fibroconnective inflammatory tissue was"ndiagnosed in four patients. Final diagnosis was made"nfor all the cases (except for non Hodgkin lymphoma"nand inflammatory cases through surgery."nConclusion: In this study, most mediastinal lesions"nwere neoplastic and non Hodgkin lymphoma was the"nmost common."nKeywords: Mediastinum, Needle Biopsy, CT Guide

Ali Fani

2011-05-01

398

Lentigo maligna and contiguous pigmented lesion  

OpenAIRE

Lentigo maligna (LM), a subtype of melanoma in-situ, is seen mostly in patients between 50 and 80 years old and accounts for ten to fifteen percent of skin cancer cases. LM is a traditional term for atypical pigmented macular lesions. LM occurs on severely sun damaged skin and it is usually on the face of elderly patients. Histological diagnosis of atypical pigmented macular lesions have extensive range from solar lentigo to in-situ melanoma (lentigo maligna pattern) or invasive invasive mela...

Havva Erdem; Ümran Y?ld?r?m; Cihangir Alia?ao?lu; Hakan Turan; Ali Kemal Uzunlar

2013-01-01

399

CT diagnosis of cystic ovarian lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT was undertaken and CT numbers were measured in 47 patients with cystic ovarian lesions. CT features particularly for chocolate cyst revealed the uniform thickness of the whole cystic wall, findings suggesting adhesion to the surrounding organs, circular or oval shape, and higher CT numbers within the cyst than those in the other cystic ovarian lesions. However, because these features are not always observed in cases of chocolate cyst, one should not rely solely on CT findings in the diagnosis of chocolate cyst. (Namekawa, K.)

400

Non-infectious inflammatory genital lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The genitalia may be the site of non-infectious inflammatory lesions that are generally manifested as balanoposthitis and vulvovaginitis. In men, these forms constitute 50% of all balanoposthitis forms, and in women, vulvovaginitis frequency is even higher. They consist of genital locations of general skin diseases, such as psoriasis, lichen planus, lichen sclerosus, and other clinical entities with their own physiognomy, such as Zoon's balanitis-vulvitis. Diagnosis of genital non-infectious inflammatory lesions is usually made on clinical criteria. A biopsy is only necessary for the identification of clinical conditions that may simulate inflammatory form but are actually premalignant processes. PMID:24559568

Andreassi, Lucio; Bilenchi, Roberta

2014-01-01

401

Computed tomographic features of orbital lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this m anuscript is to present the use of CT in the evaluation of 42 cases of orbital lesions studied at the National Institute of Cancer in an one year and half period. Correlation with clinical and pathological data was performed and the results compared with those of the literature. Four cases of rare lesions are shown: alveolar soft tissue sarcoma, giant cell tumor and hematogenic metastatic deposits of a clear cell sarcoma and epidermoid carcinoma. The value of CT in the evaluation of all orbital masses is emphasized. (author)

402

Cauda equina lesions as a complication of spinal surgery  

OpenAIRE

Although the most common aetiology of cauda equina lesions is lumbar intervertebral disc herniation, iatrogenic lesions may also be the cause. The aim of this study was to identify and present patients in whom cauda equina lesions occurred after spinal surgery. From the author’s series of patients with cauda equina lesions, those with the appearance of sacral symptoms after spinal surgery were identified. To demonstrate lesions more objectively, electrodiagnostic studies were performed in a...

Podnar, Simon

2010-01-01

403

Human papillomavirus in oral lesions Virus papiloma humano en lesiones orales  

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Full Text Available Growing evidence suggests a role for human papillomavirus (HPV in oral cancer; however its involvement is still controversial. This study evaluates the frequency of HPV DNA in a variety of oral lesions in patients from Argentina. A total of 77 oral tissue samples from 66 patients were selected (cases; the clinical-histopathological diagnoses corresponded to: 11 HPV- associated benign lesions, 8 non-HPV associated benign lesions, 33 premalignant lesions and 25 cancers. Sixty exfoliated cell samples from normal oral mucosa were used as controls. HPV detection and typing were performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR using primers MY09, 11, combined with RFLP or alternatively PCR using primers GP5+, 6+ combined with dot blot hybridization. HPV was detected in 91.0% of HPV- associated benign lesions, 14.3% of non-HPV associated benign lesions, 51.5% of preneoplasias and 60.0% of cancers. No control sample tested HPV positive. In benign HPV- associated lesions, 30.0% of HPV positive samples harbored high-risk types, while in preneoplastic lesions the value rose to 59.9%. In cancer lesions, HPV detection in verrucous carcinoma was 88.9% and in squamous cell carcinoma 43.8%, with high-risk type rates of 75.5% and 85.6%, respectively. The high HPV frequency detected in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions supports an HPV etiological role in at least a subset of oral cancers.Crecientes evidencias sugieren que el virus Papiloma humano (HPV tiene un rol en el cáncer oral; sin embargo su participación es todavía controvertida. Este estudio evalúa la frecuencia de ADN de HPV en una variedad de lesiones orales de pacientes de Argentina. Se seleccionaron 77 muestras de tejido oral de 66 pacientes (casos; el diagnóstico histo-patológico correspondió a: 11 lesiones benignas asociadas a HPV, 8 lesiones benignas no asociadas a HPV, 33 lesiones premalignas y 25 cánceres. Como controles se usaron 60 muestras de células exfoliadas de mucosa oral normal. La detección y tipificación de HPV se realizó por PCR empleando los primers MY09,11, seguida de RFLP, o PCR usando los primers GP5+, 6+ seguida de hibridación en dot blot. HPV fue detectado en 91% de las lesiones benignas asociadas a HPV, 14.3% de las lesiones benignas no asociadas, 51.5% de preneoplasias y 60% de cánceres. Ninguna muestra control resultó HPV positiva. En las lesiones benignas, 30% de las muestras HPV positivas correspondieron a tipos de alto riesgo, mientras que en las lesiones preneoplásicas la positividad ascendió a 59.9%. En cánceres, la detección de HPV en carcinomas verrugosos fue 88.9% y en carcinomas escamosos 43.8%, con 75.5% y 85.6% de tipos virales de alto riesgo, respectivamente. La alta frecuencia de HPV detectada en lesiones preneoplásicas y cánceres apoya un rol etiológico del HPV en, al menos, un subgrupo de cánceres orales.

Joaquín V. Gónzalez

2007-08-01

404

Space Occupying Lesions in the Liver  

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Full Text Available "nRadiology (imaging plays a pivotal role for the diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of focal liver lesions. The differential diagnosis in patients presenting with a focal liver lesion is broad. "nThe size of the liver mass is an important consideration in guiding the evaluation. Lesions smaller than approximately 1.0 cm are commonly benign incidental findings on imaging studies, and in most cases represent small cysts, hemangiomas, or biliary hamartomas. Furthermore, they are frequently difficult to definitively characterize by imaging methods, due to their small size, and difficult to biopsy percutaneously. Often clinical follow-up is the only recourse for these lesions. "nTo formulate a practical approach to these patients, several factors must be incorporated into a clinical decision-making algorithm (figure below, including: the particular clinical setting (e.g., known co-morbidities, underlying cirrhosis or a known primary neoplasm, the presence of clinical signs and symptoms, the results of laboratory tests, and the critical information provided by imaging studies. "nDue to a combination of high spatial resolution and inherent soft-tissue contrast, lack of ionizing radiation, low cost, and wide availability, ultrasonography (US is frequently the first-line imaging modality for the study of the liver. "nMulti-detector row CT (MDCT has become the most commonly used modality in the preoperative diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of patients with known or suspected hepatic tumors. "nTo maximize the detection and characterization of liver tumors, the CT protocol must be designed according to the diagnostic task. To increase the attenuation difference (i.e., conspicuity between the hepatic parenchyma and liver tumors,3 several injection factors need to be optimized, including the volume and iodine concentration of contrast media, the injection rate (4-5mL/s, and the scanning delay from the start of contrast media administration. "nMost tumors are best seen during the hepatic venous phase (HVP, when the maximal difference in attenuation is attained between the vividly enhancing hepatic parenchyma and hypo-attenuating lesions. "nHepatic arterial dominant phase (HAP is crucial in the detection of those liver tumors (e.g., focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatocellular adenoma, HCC and hypervascular liver metastases that receive abundant arterial supply. During the HAP, these lesions manifest as hyper-attenuating foci relative to adjacent, poorly-enhanced hepatic parenchyma, but may not be detected during the HVP due to progressive liver enhancement from the portal vein. "nMagnetic resonance imaging offers increased capabilities for the characterization of liver lesions, and is generally recommended as a problem-solving modality when CT fails to determine a conclusive diagnosis. Additionally, MR imaging should be considered in place of CT for the evaluation of liver lesions in children and young adults, or in patients who require serial follow-up examinations, because of the absence of radiation hazards. "n(Discussion of some individual disorders "nMALIGNANT LIVER TUMORS: "nMetastatic Tumors "nUltrasound: As a general rule, metastases from adenocarcinoma are multiple and hypoechoic in comparison to the surrounding liver parenchyma.8 Hypoechoic rims and internal heterogeneity also distinguish metastases from most other masses. "nComputed tomography: On triphasic CT of the liver, metastatic liver lesions from the colon, stomach, and pancreas usually show lower attenuation (i.e., are darker in contrast to the brighter surrounding liver parenchyma. "nMagnetic resonance imaging: On MRI metastatic lesions appear as low signal areas on T1-weighted images and moderately high signal on T2-weighted images. "nHepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC: "nUltrasound: ultrasound cannot distinguish HCC from other solid tumors in the liver. Sonographic characteristics of a hepatic lesion that