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Sample records for sclerotic bony lesion

  1. [Bony Bankart lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegl, U J; Braun, S; Euler, S A; Warth, R J; Millett, P J

    2014-12-01

    Fractures of the anteroinferior glenoid rim, termed bony Bankart lesions, have been reported to occur in up to 22% of first time anterior shoulder dislocations. The primary goal of treatment is to create a stable glenohumeral joint and a good shoulder function. Options for therapeutic intervention are largely dependent on the chronicity of the lesion, the activity level of the patient and postreduction fracture characteristics, such as the size, location and number of fracture fragments. Non-operative treatment can be successful for small, acute fractures, which are anatomically reduced after shoulder reduction. However, in patients with a high risk profile for recurrent instability initial Bankart repair is recommended. Additionally, bony fixation is recommended for acute fractures that involve more than 15-20% of the inferior glenoid diameter. On the other hand chronic fractures are generally managed on a case-by-case basis depending on the amount of fragment resorption and bony erosion of the anterior glenoid with high recurrence rates under conservative therapy. When significant bone loss of the anterior glenoid is present, anatomical (e.g. iliac crest bone graft and osteoarticular allograft) or non-anatomical (e.g. Latarjet and Bristow) reconstruction of the anterior glenoid is often indicated. PMID:25492582

  2. Bony Lesions in Pediatric Acute Leukemia: Pictorial Essay

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    Makhtoom Shahnazi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute leukemia is the most common malignancy in childhood, which mainly involves children less than 15 years of age. The growing skeleton is the main site of involvement in children. Leukemic cells proliferate within the massive red bone marrow in children. So besides the pallor, petechia, purpura and ecchymosis in the skin and mucosal surfaces, bone pain and other bony lesions are other manifestations of leukemia.On the other hand, bony lesions are more prevalent in children than adults with no poor prognosis in comparison to patients without bone lesions. These bony lesions may precede other laboratory tests so familiarity with these presentations is very important for earlier diagnosis.In this pictorial essay, we tried to gather the most common bony lesions that may be seen in acute leukemia in different cases admitted to our hospital with general malaise and localized tenderness and discomfort leading us to perform plain X-ray for further evaluation. Finding these bony lesions helps clinicians to reach the diagnosis quickly. These findings include metaphyseal lucent band and erosion, periosteal reaction, small lucent bone lesion and permeative appearance, reduced bone density and collapsed vertebra.

  3. Occult bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To examine bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed on 55 knees with ACL injuries. With respect to the period between ACL injuries and MR imaging, the knees were divided into acute (within one month), subacute (from one month to one year) and chronic (over one year) groups, containing 19, 16 and 20 knees, respectively. Occult bony lesions not shown in roentgenography were observed more frequently in the acute group (13/19) than in the other two groups (subacute group, 5/16; chronic group, 1/20), located in the lateral compartment of the knee joint. In the acute group, bony lesions had high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and low signal intensity on proton density images. In the subacute and chronic groups, bony lesions were less pronounced and had low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. These findings suggest that bony lesions are frequently associated with and occur simultaneously with ACL injury. (author)

  4. A new "double-pulley" dual-row technique for arthroscopic fixation of bony Bankart lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jin; Jiang, Chunyan

    2011-09-01

    The double-row technique is a new concept for arthroscopic treatment of bony Bankart lesion in shoulder instability. It presents a new and reproducible technique for arthroscopic fixation of bony Bankart fragments with suture anchors. This technique creates double-mattress sutures which compress the fragment against its bone bed and restores better bony anatomy of the anterior glenoid rim with stable and non-tilting fixation that may improve healing. PMID:21290115

  5. Injury of anterior cruciate ligament with associated bony lesions: MR image

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    Kim, Soon; Oh, Yeon Hee; Lee, Chang Wook [Dongguk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Min [Chungbuk Univ. College of Medicine, Chongju (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hyeon Kyeong; Kim, Seung Hyeon; Lee, Sung Woo [Dongguk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-05-01

    To evaluate the characteristic MR findings in injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with associated bony lesions. We reviewed MR findings and the corresponding arthroscopic or operative results of 48 patients with ACL injuries, and evaluated ACL signal intensity and contour. In associated bony lesions, we determined the location of avulsion fracture and bony bruise. Complete ACL tears were seen in 27 cases, partial tears in 13, and avulsion injury in eight. Complete tears showed heterogeneously increased signal intensity with contour bulging in ten cases (37%), and combined bony lesion in 14 (52%). ACL with a thin continous low signal intensity band surrounding heterogeneously-increased signal intensity suggested partial tears, and was seen in three of 13 proven cases (23%) of partial ACL tears;combined bony lesion was seen in four such cases(31%). There were eight cases of avulsion fracture;the most frequent site was the anterolateral portion of the tibial spine (n=6). The most frequent sites of bony lesion were at the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle (n=6), and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=6);the next most frequent site was the anterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=5). Tearing of the ACL was seen on MRI as ligament discontinuity, and heterogeneously increased signal intensity with ACL contour bulging. The most frequent sites of associated bony lesions were the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle, and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau. In associated bony lesions, bony contusion suggested ACL tearing, but avulsion fracture suggested ligament avulsion injury without tear.

  6. Injury of anterior cruciate ligament with associated bony lesions: MR image

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the characteristic MR findings in injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with associated bony lesions. We reviewed MR findings and the corresponding arthroscopic or operative results of 48 patients with ACL injuries, and evaluated ACL signal intensity and contour. In associated bony lesions, we determined the location of avulsion fracture and bony bruise. Complete ACL tears were seen in 27 cases, partial tears in 13, and avulsion injury in eight. Complete tears showed heterogeneously increased signal intensity with contour bulging in ten cases (37%), and combined bony lesion in 14 (52%). ACL with a thin continous low signal intensity band surrounding heterogeneously-increased signal intensity suggested partial tears, and was seen in three of 13 proven cases (23%) of partial ACL tears;combined bony lesion was seen in four such cases(31%). There were eight cases of avulsion fracture;the most frequent site was the anterolateral portion of the tibial spine (n=6). The most frequent sites of bony lesion were at the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle (n=6), and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=6);the next most frequent site was the anterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau (n=5). Tearing of the ACL was seen on MRI as ligament discontinuity, and heterogeneously increased signal intensity with ACL contour bulging. The most frequent sites of associated bony lesions were the midportion of the lateral femoral condyle, and the posterior portion of the lateral tibial plateau. In associated bony lesions, bony contusion suggested ACL tearing, but avulsion fracture suggested ligament avulsion injury without tear

  7. CT findings of nasomaxillary lesions: differential diagnosis by adjacent bony abnormality on CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To provide an aid in differential diagnosis of nasomaxillary lesions by CT appearance of bony changes, we retrospectively evaluated 82 computed tomographic (CT) examinations of 79 patients who had nasomaxillary lesions (56 tumors, 23 inflammations). The bony changes were classified as destruction, displacement, and sclerosis. Destruction of bony maxilla was most common in malignancy, in which more than 3 walls were often destroyed. Displacement of bony maxilla was most common in benign tumors and in slowly - growing malignant tumors such as adenoid cystic carcinoma or lymphoma, and there was often associated bony destruction of other walls. Sclerosis was a common finding in the inflammatory process, especially in chronic maxillary sinusitis with bony destruction at the ostium of the medial wall, Sclerosis often occurred after radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy of tumors and was also noted when there was associated inflammation. Maxillary cysts showed characteristic expansion of all sinus walls. Bony changes were less prominent in the tumors of the nasal cavity compared to the changes seen in the maxillary lesions. A careful analysis of CT findings is very helpful in differentiating malignant from benign tumors and inflammatory disease in nasomaxillary lesions

  8. Occult bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury; Assessment with MR imaging

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    Nawata, Koji; Toshima, Ryota; Yamamoto, Yoshizo (Tottori Univ., Yonago (Japan). School of Medicine); Suzuki, Toshiro; Date, Shinya

    1993-09-01

    To examine bony lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed on 55 knees with ACL injuries. With respect to the period between ACL injuries and MR imaging, the knees were divided into acute (within one month), subacute (from one month to one year) and chronic (over one year) groups, containing 19, 16 and 20 knees, respectively. Occult bony lesions not shown in roentgenography were observed more frequently in the acute group (13/19) than in the other two groups (subacute group, 5/16; chronic group, 1/20), located in the lateral compartment of the knee joint. In the acute group, bony lesions had high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and low signal intensity on proton density images. In the subacute and chronic groups, bony lesions were less pronounced and had low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. These findings suggest that bony lesions are frequently associated with and occur simultaneously with ACL injury. (author).

  9. Bony change of apical lesion healing process using fractal analysis

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    Lee, Ji Min; Park, Hyok; Jeong, Ho Gul; Kim, Kee Deog; Park, Chang Seo [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-06-15

    To investigate the change of bone healing process after endodontic treatment of the tooth with an apical lesion by fractal analysis. Radiographic images of 35 teeth from 33 patients taken on first diagnosis, 6 months, and 1 year after endodontic treatment were selected. Radiographic images were taken by JUPITER computerized Dental X-ray System. Fractal dimensions were calculated three times at each area by Scion Image PC program. Rectangular region of interest (30 x 30) were selected at apical lesion and normal apex of each image. The fractal dimension at apical lesion of first diagnosis (L{sub 0}) is 0.940 {+-} 0.361 and that of normal area (N{sub 0}) is 1.186 {+-} 0.727 (p<0.05). Fractal dimension at apical lesion of 6 months after endodontic treatment (L{sub 1}) is 1.076 {+-} 0.069 and that of normal area (N{sub 1}) is 1.192 {+-} 0.055 (p<0.05). Fractal dimension at apical lesion of 1 year after endodontic treatment (L{sub 2}) is 1.163 {+-} 0.074 and that of normal area (N{sub 2}) is 1.225 {+-} 0.079 (p<0.05). After endodontic treatment, the fractal dimensions at each apical lesions depending on time showed statistically significant difference. And there are statistically significant different between normal area and apical lesion on first diagnosis, 6 months after, 1 year after. But the differences were grow smaller as time flows. The evaluation of the prognosis after the endodontic treatment of the apical lesion was estimated by bone regeneration in apical region. Fractal analysis was attempted to overcome the limit of subjective reading, and as a result the change of the bone during the healing process was able to be detected objectively and quantitatively.

  10. CT and MRI of intrinsic space-occupying lesions of the bony skull base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intrinsic bony lesions of the skull base are diseases which arise within the bones forming the skull base. Mainly they are bone tumours and tumour-like lesions. With the exception of osteomas of the paranasal sinuses and exostoses of the external auditory canal, these lesions occur rarely. This article gives an overview of the appearance of the most common primary bony skull base masses in CT and MRI. From the authors' point of view these are fibrous dysplasia, chordomas, chondrosarcomas, Langerhans cell histiocytosis and multiple myelomas, which must be differentiated from pseudolesions. The possibilities of CT and MRI in making a specific diagnosis, differential diagnosis and the kind of making the final diagnosis are described. (orig.)

  11. Imaging spectrum in sclerotic myelomas: an experience of three cases

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    Grover, S.B.; Dhar, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi (India)

    2000-11-01

    The classic radiographic presentation of multiple myeloma is lytic skeletal lesions. Primary sclerotic manifestations are rare and occur only in 3 % of cases. The imaging spectrum in three cases of multiple myeloma with primary osteosclerosis is described. The first patient had spiculated sclerosis of the orbit, which is an uncommon site for myeloma. The second patient with POEMS syndrome had multiple, scattered, skeletal lesions with sclerotic margins. The third patient presented with a chest wall mass and had an expansile thick spiculated sclerosis in the rib. The wide imaging spectrum possible in sclerotic myelomas and their relevant differential diagnosis is emphasized. (orig.)

  12. CT and MRI of intrinsic space-occupying lesions of the bony skull base; CT und MRT bei intrinsischen raumfordernden Laesionen der knoechernen Schaedelbasis

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    Koesling, S.; Brandt, S. [Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Universitaetsklinik und Poliklinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie, Halle (Germany); Neumann, K. [Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Universitaetsklinik und Poliklinik fuer Hals-, Nasen-, Ohrenheilkunde, Kopf- und Halschirurgie, Halle (Germany)

    2009-07-15

    Intrinsic bony lesions of the skull base are diseases which arise within the bones forming the skull base. Mainly they are bone tumours and tumour-like lesions. With the exception of osteomas of the paranasal sinuses and exostoses of the external auditory canal, these lesions occur rarely. This article gives an overview of the appearance of the most common primary bony skull base masses in CT and MRI. From the authors' point of view these are fibrous dysplasia, chordomas, chondrosarcomas, Langerhans cell histiocytosis and multiple myelomas, which must be differentiated from pseudolesions. The possibilities of CT and MRI in making a specific diagnosis, differential diagnosis and the kind of making the final diagnosis are described. (orig.) [German] Unter intrinsischen Laesionen der knoechernen Schaedelbasis versteht man Erkrankungen, die von den die Schaedelbasis bildenden Knochen ausgehen. In erster Linie handelt es sich um Knochentumoren und tumoraehnliche Laesionen. Mit wenigen Ausnahmen (Nasennebenhoehlenosteome, Exostosen des aeusseren Gehoergangs) sind sie selten. Dieser Beitrag gibt einen Ueberblick ueber das CT- und MRT-Erscheinungsbild der aus Sicht der Autoren unter diesem Aspekt noch am haeufigsten anzutreffenden raumfordernden Laesionen. Dazu zaehlen die fibroese Dysplasie, Chordome, Chondrosarkome, die Langerhans-Zell-Histiozytose und das multiple Myelom. Abgrenzt werden muessen Pseudotumoren. Artdiagnostische Zuordnungsmoeglichkeiten durch CT und/oder MRT, Differenzialdiagnosen und Diagnosesicherung werden dargelegt. (orig.)

  13. Preliminary Results on the Feasibility of Using ARFI/SWEI to Assess Cutaneous Sclerotic Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Seung Yun; Cardones, Adela R; Doherty, Joshua; Nightingale, Kathryn; Palmeri, Mark

    2015-11-01

    In this study, acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) and shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI) were applied to the skin to investigate the feasibility of their use in assessing sclerotic skin diseases. Our motivation was to develop a non-invasive imaging technology with real-time feedback of sclerotic skin disease diagnosis. This paper shows representative results from an ongoing study, recruiting patients with and without sclerosis. The stiffness of the imaged site was evaluated using two metrics: mean ARFI displacement magnitude and bulk shear wave speed inside the region of interest (ROI). In a subject with localized graft versus host disease (GVHD), the mean ARFI displacement inside sclerotic skin was 61% lower (p ARFI and SWEI can successfully differentiate sclerotic lesions from normal dermis. PMID:26259888

  14. Sclerotic variant of lymphangiomatosis of bone: imaging findings at diagnosis and long-term follow-up

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    Forstner, R. [Department of Radiology, Salzburg (Austria); Datz, C. [Department of Medicine, Landeskrankenanstalten Salzburg (Austria); Dietze, O. [Department of Pathology, Landeskrankenanstalten Salzburg (Austria); Rettenbacher, L. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Landeskrankenanstalten Salzburg (Austria)

    1998-08-01

    Lymphangiomatosis is an extremely rare congenital disorder affecting visceral organs and/or the skeletal system. In bone is is usually characterized by multiple lytic lesions with a lacelike pattern and sclerotic margins of various thickness. In this case report we demonstrate the rare sclerotic variant of lymphangiomatosis. We report the development of predominantly sclerotic lesions at different sites by serial radiographs with a long-term follow-up, and show the MRI findings of lymphangiomatosis of the spine. (orig.) With 4 figs., 12 refs.

  15. CUTANEOUS MYXOID CYST ON THE SCLEROTIC FINGER IN A PATIENT WITH DIFFUSE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS

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    Taeko Nakamura-Wakatsuki

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Skin tumors occurring on the scleroderma fingers are rarely seen. Swollen fingers are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis, and mucin deposition in the lesional skin is a constant feature in systemic sclerosis. Here we describe a case of cutaneous myxoid cyst on the flexor aspect of the sclerotic fingers in a patient with severe diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Cutaneous myxoid cyst is a relatively common benign tumor; however, cases of cutaneous myxoid cysts developing on the scleroderma fingers have not been reported to date. Mucin deposition in the sclerotic skin may be a predisposing factor in the induction of myxoid cyst on the scleroderma finger in our patient.

  16. Bony sequestrum: A radiologic review

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    Jennin, Felicie; Bousson, Valerie; Parlier, Caroline; Jomaah, Nabil; Khanine, Vanessa; Laredo, Jean-Denis [Lariboisiere Hospital, Department of Radiology, Paris (France)

    2011-08-15

    According to a pathological definition, a bony sequestrum is defined as a piece of devitalized bone that has been separated from the surrounding bone during the process of necrosis. However, the radiological definition of a sequestrum is different and refers to an image of calcification visible within a lucent lesion, completely separated from the surrounding bone, without referring to the vascular status and histological nature of the calcified tissue. The term ''button sequestrum'' has been used in calvarial lesions. The prototype conditions that may present with a bony sequestrum are osteomyelitis and skeletal tuberculosis. Other conditions such as radiation necrosis, eosinophilic granuloma, metastatic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of bone, aggressive fibrous tumors may also manifest as osteolytic lesions containing a sequestrum. In addition, some primary bone tumors produce a matrix that may mineralize and sometimes simulate a bone sequestrum. These include osteoid tumors (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma), cartilaginous tumors (chondroma and chondroblastoma), lipomatous tumors (lipoma), and benign fibrous tumors (fibromyxoma, myxoma, and desmoplastic fibroma). Therefore, various conditions may present at imaging as a small area of osteolysis containing central calcifications. However, a careful analysis of the sequestrum as well as the associated clinical and radiological findings often enables to point toward a limited number of conditions. (orig.)

  17. CUTANEOUS MYXOID CYST ON THE SCLEROTIC FINGER IN A PATIENT WITH DIFFUSE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Taeko Nakamura-Wakatsuki; Toshiyuki Yamamoto

    2013-01-01

    Skin tumors occurring on the scleroderma fingers are rarely seen. Swollen fingers are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis, and mucin deposition in the lesional skin is a constant feature in systemic sclerosis. Here we describe a case of cutaneous myxoid cyst on the flexor aspect of the sclerotic fingers in a patient with severe diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Cutaneous myxoid cyst is a relatively common benign tumor; however, cases of cutaneous myxoid cysts developing on the scleroderma fin...

  18. Detection of sclerotic bone metastases in the spine using watershed algorithm and graph cut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiese, Tatjana; Yao, Jianhua; Burns, Joseph E.; Summers, Ronald M.

    2012-03-01

    The early detection of bone metastases is important for determining the prognosis and treatment of a patient. We developed a CAD system which detects sclerotic bone metastases in the spine on CT images. After the spine is segmented from the image, a watershed algorithm detects lesion candidates. The over-segmentation problem of the watershed algorithm is addressed by the novel incorporation of a graph-cuts driven merger. 30 quantitative features for each detection are computed to train a support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The classifier was trained on 12 clinical cases and tested on 10 independent clinical cases. Ground truth lesions were manually segmented by an expert. The system prior to classification detected 87% (72/83) of the manually segmented lesions with volume greater than 300 mm3. On the independent test set, the sensitivity was 71.2% (95% confidence interval (63.1%, 77.3%)) with 8.8 false positives per case.

  19. Primary bony Hodgkin’s lymphoma

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    Binesh, Fariba; Mirjalili, Mohammad Reza; Akhavan, Ali; Navabii, Hossein

    2012-01-01

    Hodgkin’s lymphoma most commonly presents with progressive painless enlargement of peripheral lymph nodes, especially around the cervical region. At the time of diagnosis osseous involvement is uncommon and even in the late stages only 9–35% of cases have any bony involvement. Rarely Hodgkin’s lymphoma presents as an osseous lesion without involvement of lymph nodes, therefore the histological diagnosis of osseous Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be problematic. Here, the authors present a rare case of primary osseous Hodgkin’s lymphoma and a review of the literature. PMID:22787180

  20. Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis

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    V Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Quinck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones.A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, diagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

  1. Osteosclerotic lesions in patients treated with gefitinib for lung adenocarcinomas: a sign of favorable therapeutic response

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    Yamashita, Yoshiko; Aoki, Takatoshi; Korogi, Yukunori [University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kitakyushu (Japan); Hanagiri, Takeshi; Uramoto, Hidetaka [University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Second Department of Surgery, Kitakyushu (Japan); Yoshii, Chiharu; Mukae, Hiroshi [University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Department of Respiratory Disease, Kitakyushu (Japan)

    2012-04-15

    To assess the frequency of osteosclerotic changes on CT that appeared after treatment with gefitinib in patients with lung adenocarcinoma and the relationship between the osteosclerotic changes and the response to the therapy. Our study included 41 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent chest CT both before (CTpre) and after (CTpost) starting treatment with gefitinib. The presence or absence of bone metastases was assessed on the CTpre, and the interval bony change after the therapy was classified as lytic, sclerotic, or no changes on the CTpost. The relationship between treatment results of primary lung cancer and interval bony changes was evaluated. Osteosclerotic lesions were identified in 11 patients (27%) on CTpost; in 6 of 11 patients osteosclerotic lesions newly appeared where the CTpre showed no bone metastasis before the gefitinib therapy. There were significant differences in the therapeutic response of the primary cancers (P < 0.001) and in the survival rate (P < 0.01) in patients with osteosclerotic changes versus those without osteosclerotic changes. Osteosclerotic changes on CT, observed after gefitinib treatment in patients with lung adenocarcinomas, may be an indicator of a good therapeutic response. (orig.)

  2. Osteosclerotic lesions in patients treated with gefitinib for lung adenocarcinomas: a sign of favorable therapeutic response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the frequency of osteosclerotic changes on CT that appeared after treatment with gefitinib in patients with lung adenocarcinoma and the relationship between the osteosclerotic changes and the response to the therapy. Our study included 41 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent chest CT both before (CTpre) and after (CTpost) starting treatment with gefitinib. The presence or absence of bone metastases was assessed on the CTpre, and the interval bony change after the therapy was classified as lytic, sclerotic, or no changes on the CTpost. The relationship between treatment results of primary lung cancer and interval bony changes was evaluated. Osteosclerotic lesions were identified in 11 patients (27%) on CTpost; in 6 of 11 patients osteosclerotic lesions newly appeared where the CTpre showed no bone metastasis before the gefitinib therapy. There were significant differences in the therapeutic response of the primary cancers (P < 0.001) and in the survival rate (P < 0.01) in patients with osteosclerotic changes versus those without osteosclerotic changes. Osteosclerotic changes on CT, observed after gefitinib treatment in patients with lung adenocarcinomas, may be an indicator of a good therapeutic response. (orig.)

  3. Cystic angiomatosis of bone with sclerotic changes mimicking osteoblastic metastases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five unusual cases of cystic angiomatosis of bone which presented with the radiologic appearance of osteoblastic lesions are reported. Three patients were female (ages 37, 41, and 65 years) and two were male (ages 24 and 66 years). Although cystic angiomatosis of bone usually produces widespread osteolytic lesions with a honeycombed appearance in the skeletal system, multiple osteoblastic lesions mimicking metastatic osteoblastic carcinoma are sometimes seen. This radiological presentation has not been well emphasized in previous reports. Histologically, in addition to the angiomatous lesions, both mature thickened lamellar bone trabeculae and immature trabeculae of woven bone were found. In one of our patients, increasing density of the osteoblastic lesions was noted over time. One previous study has suggested that the age of the lesions of cystic angiomatosis is related to radiographic density. It is important to recognize this uncommon variant of cystic angiomatosis and to include this entity among the radiologic differential diagnoses when multiple osteoblastic lesions are encountered. (orig.)

  4. Micromorphological and hardness analyses of human and bovine sclerotic dentin: a comparative study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gisela Muassab, Castanho; Márcia Martins, Marques; Juliana Barbosa, Marques; Maitê André, Camargo; Antonio Alberto De, Cara.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both human and bovine sclerotic dentin have similar hardness properties, in addition to similar micromorphological characteristics. Sixteen teeth (8 human and 8 bovine) exhibiting exposed dentin in the incisal edge and showing characteristics [...] typical of sclerosis were used. Vickers surface microhardness testing was conducted. Three areas of the dentin surface of each specimen were selected. All teeth were processed for scanning electron microscopy in order to estimate the amount (in percentage) of solid dentin on the sclerotic dentin surface. The data were compared by Student's t test (? = 0.05). The micromorphological and microhardness data were compared by Pearson's linear correlation test (? = 0.05). The mean percentages of solid dentin of human and bovine sclerotic dentin were similar (human 90.71 ± 0.83 and bovine 89.08 ± 0.81, p = 0.18). The mean microhardness value (VHN) of human sclerotic dentin was significantly higher than that of bovine sclerotic dentin (human 45.26 ± 2.92 and bovine 29.93 ± 3.83, p = 0.006). No correlation was found between the microhardness values and the amount of solid dentin in the sclerotic dentin, irrespective of the species considered (human R² = 0.0240, p = 0.714; bovine R² = 0.0017, p = 0.923; and combined R² = 0.038, p = 0.46). We concluded that although both bovine and human sclerotic dentin present a similar amount of solid tissue, human sclerotic dentin presents higher microhardness than bovine sclerotic dentin.

  5. Quantifying sclerotic bone metastases with 2D ultra short TE MRI: a feasibility study.

    OpenAIRE

    Messiou, C; Collins, DJ; Morgan, VA; Robson, MD; deBono, JS; Bydder, GM; deSouza, NM

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Ultra Short TE MRI allows signal to be detected from tissues with a very short T2.The aims of this study were to optimize a 2D UTE MRI sequence for imaging and quantification of sclerotic bone metastases, establish T2* values of sclerotic components and investigate the feasibility of using the method to assess changes in T2* of sclerotic metastases and their relation to attenuation values in patients on treatment. METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were recruited in 3 cohorts. Cohort ...

  6. Bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective. Bony ankylosis has been described following trauma, paralysis, psoriasis, Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile chronic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Reports of bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury are limited.Design and patients. Thirteen cases of burn-related joint ankylosis in four patients are presented.Conclusion. Patients with burns from thermal or electrical injury may develop bony ankylosis among other radiographic manifestations. This bony ankylosis may result either from bridging extra-articular heterotopic ossification with preservation of the underlying joint or from intra-articular fusion due to joint destruction. (orig.)

  7. Bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury

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    Balen, P.F.; Helms, C.A. [Dept. of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    2001-07-01

    Objective. Bony ankylosis has been described following trauma, paralysis, psoriasis, Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile chronic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Reports of bony ankylosis following thermal and electrical injury are limited.Design and patients. Thirteen cases of burn-related joint ankylosis in four patients are presented.Conclusion. Patients with burns from thermal or electrical injury may develop bony ankylosis among other radiographic manifestations. This bony ankylosis may result either from bridging extra-articular heterotopic ossification with preservation of the underlying joint or from intra-articular fusion due to joint destruction. (orig.)

  8. Comparison of Sporadic Sclerotic Fibroma and Solitary Fibrous Tumor in the Oral Cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Ju-Han; An, Jung-Suk; Lee, Eung Seok; Kwon, Soon-Young; Kim, Young-Sik

    2007-01-01

    Sporadic sclerotic fibroma (SF) and solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising in the oral cavity are very rare. In this report, we describe two cases of oral pathology, one involving SF and the other involving SFT. Both cases presented with well-circumscribed, firm nodules with similar gross findings. However, the histologic findings of the SF and SFT showed rather distinct features. The SF was composed of hyalinized sclerotic collagen bundles arranged in a whorled pattern, whereas the SFT was for...

  9. Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea / Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    V, Silva; H, Madrid; S, Anticevic.

    Full Text Available Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Qui [...] nck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La terapia antimicótica tópica con peróxido de benzoílo consiguió la remisión clínica y micológica de las lesiones. Abstract in english A female canine patient presented a history of chronic generalized pruritus. In the dermatological examination, scaly alopecic lesions with hyperkeratosis were detected on the inner posterior face of both thighs. Microscopical examinations of skin scrapings showed the presence of sclerotic bodies, d [...] iagnostic elements of chromoblastomycosis, a mycotic infection rare in Chile and not previously described in dogs. Topical antifungal therapy with benzoyl peroxide resulted in clinical and mycological cure of lesions.

  10. Bony ankylosis of temporomandibular joint

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ankylosis of joint is defined as limited movement due to infection, trauma, or surgical procedure. A 59-year-old female with a chief complaint of limited movements during mouth opening had a positive history of trauma to her right TMJ area about 5 years ago. From that time, progressive mouth opening limitation and intermittent pain have occurred. At the time of admission the patient showed mandibular deviation to the right side during mouth opening, with a maximum opening limited to 5 mm. On plain radiographs, right condylar enlargement and joint space reduction by newly formed bony tissues were observed. CT scans showed right condylar enlargement, cortical sclerosis, and thickening of the condyle, articular fossa and articular eminence.

  11. Bony ankylosis of temporomandibular joint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byeong Do; Yoon, Young Nam; Um, Ki Doo; Ra, Jong Ill; Lee, Wan [School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-06-15

    Ankylosis of joint is defined as limited movement due to infection, trauma, or surgical procedure. A 59-year-old female with a chief complaint of limited movements during mouth opening had a positive history of trauma to her right TMJ area about 5 years ago. From that time, progressive mouth opening limitation and intermittent pain have occurred. At the time of admission the patient showed mandibular deviation to the right side during mouth opening, with a maximum opening limited to 5 mm. On plain radiographs, right condylar enlargement and joint space reduction by newly formed bony tissues were observed. CT scans showed right condylar enlargement, cortical sclerosis, and thickening of the condyle, articular fossa and articular eminence.

  12. Post Pelvic Radiotherapy Bony Changes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There has been recent interest in radiation-induced bone injury in clinical conditions, especially for pelvic insufficiency fracture (PIF). A PIF is caused by the effect of normal or physiological stress on bone with demineralization and decreased elastic resistance. Pelvic radiotherapy (RT) can also contribute to the development of a PIF. A PIF has been regarded as a rare complication with the use of megavoltage equipment. However, recent studies have reported the incidence of PIFs as 8.2?20% after pelvic RT in gynecological patients, an incidence that was higher than previously believed. The importance of understanding a PIF lies in the potential for misdiagnosis as a bony metastasis. If patients complain of pelvic pain after whole-pelvis radiation therapy, the presence of a PIF must be considered in the differential diagnosis. The use of multibeam arrangements and conformal RT to reduce the volume and dose of irradiated pelvic bone can be helpful to minimize the risk of fracture. In addition to a PIF, osteonecrosis and avascular necrosis of the femoral head can develop after radiation therapy. Osteoradionecrosis of the pelvic bone is a clinical diagnostic challenge that must be differentiated from an osseous metastasis. A post-radiation bone sarcoma can result as a long-term sequela of pelvic irradiation for uterine cervical cancer

  13. Post Pelvic Radiotherapy Bony Changes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huh, Seung Jae [Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-03-15

    There has been recent interest in radiation-induced bone injury in clinical conditions, especially for pelvic insufficiency fracture (PIF). A PIF is caused by the effect of normal or physiological stress on bone with demineralization and decreased elastic resistance. Pelvic radiotherapy (RT) can also contribute to the development of a PIF. A PIF has been regarded as a rare complication with the use of megavoltage equipment. However, recent studies have reported the incidence of PIFs as 8.2{approx}20% after pelvic RT in gynecological patients, an incidence that was higher than previously believed. The importance of understanding a PIF lies in the potential for misdiagnosis as a bony metastasis. If patients complain of pelvic pain after whole-pelvis radiation therapy, the presence of a PIF must be considered in the differential diagnosis. The use of multibeam arrangements and conformal RT to reduce the volume and dose of irradiated pelvic bone can be helpful to minimize the risk of fracture. In addition to a PIF, osteonecrosis and avascular necrosis of the femoral head can develop after radiation therapy. Osteoradionecrosis of the pelvic bone is a clinical diagnostic challenge that must be differentiated from an osseous metastasis. A post-radiation bone sarcoma can result as a long-term sequela of pelvic irradiation for uterine cervical cancer.

  14. Bony spurs projecting in the obturator foramen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, R

    2012-05-01

    The obturator foramen is large oval aperture in males or irregularly triangular aperture in females in the hipbone, situated anteroinferior to the acetabulum between the pubis and ischium. The dry bone under study is a male left sided hipbone. It contains the obturator groove through which the obturator nerve and vessels pass. During analysis of hipbones in the osteology laboratory of CSM Medical University Lucknow, UP, India, a hipbone was found in which bony spurs or exostoses were projecting from the margins into the obturator foramen. These bony projections in the obturator foramen constitute a new anatomical variant in the hipbone, as they have not been reported before. These bony spurs may impinge on the obturator nerve and vessels causing neurovascular complications and also trauma to the soft tissues during biomechanical movements. In addition, these bony spurs may cause spasms of the obturator internus and externus muscles, causing groin pain. These bony projections may also lead to misinterpretation of radiographs. Thus, knowledge of these bony spurs is of paramount importance to anatomists, surgeons, sport physicians, and radiologists. PMID:22648594

  15. Clinical observation of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation for refractory glaucoma by directly puncturing the sclerotic tunnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Ke Xu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To observe the clinic effects and complication of Ahmed glaucoma valve(AGVimplantation in refractory glaucoma by using the 23G syringe needle direct puncture the sclerotic tunnel.METHODS: Forty-four cases(44 eyesof refractory glaucoma underwent AGV implantation by useing the 23G syringe needle direct puncture the sclerotic tunnel. The intraocular pressure(IOP, visual acuity, and complication of post-operation were contrasted with those of pre-operation. RESULTS:The success rate was 84.1%, the mean preoperative IOP in research group was 52.1±10.1mmHg, and the last follow up mean IOP was 15.6±6.9mmHg. Compared with the preoperative visual acuity, 11 eyes increased, 27 eyes had no changes and 6 eyes decreased. The main post-operative complications included shallow anterior chamber(4 eyes, choroidal detachment(3 eyes, drainage tube shift(1 eye, hyphema(6 eyes, drainage tube blockage(1 eye, expulsive choroidal hemorrhage(1 eye, and fiber wrap of drainage tray(5 eyes.CONCLUSION: AGV implantation by direct puncture the sclerotic tunnel is feasible and easy. It avoids of making sclerotic petal and the xenogenic sclera transplanting, simplified the operation technique, prevent the leakage of around tube. The shallow anterior chamber rate is lower. It is an effective procedure for refractory glaucoma.

  16. Computed tomography assessment of bone lesions in patients with POEMS syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glazebrook, K.; Johnson, Adam; Leng, S.; Dispenzieri, A. [Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Guerra Bonilla, Francis L. [Hospital Regional Rafael Hernandez, Hematology Division, David, Chiriqui (Panama)

    2014-09-25

    To describe the imaging findings on computed tomography (CT) and skeletal survey (SS) in patients with POEMS syndrome. We retrospectively reviewed, with institutional review board approval, the dysproteinemia database at our institution for patients with new diagnosis of POEMS syndrome between January 1998 and December 2008. Twenty-four patients were identified with PET/CT or CT and had skeletal survey (SS) available for review. Twenty-four patients were included in the study group with median age of 47 years. All CTs demonstrated at least one sclerotic lesion. The most common pattern was multiple small lesions, with 18 patients (75 %) having at least 5 lesions less than 1 cm. The larger lesions had a central lytic component and were FDG avid. SS had a false negative rate of 36 % (8 patients). Serial CT after treatment showed a decrease in size and number of sclerotic lesions in 53 % of cases (13 patients), the majority showing increased sclerosis. Two patients had complete resolution of sclerotic lesions. CT identified sclerotic lesions in all study patients with POEMS syndrome, the majority being less than 1 cm in size, which were not identified radiographically. CT may demonstrate increased sclerosis or even resolution of sclerotic lesions corresponding to treatment response. (orig.)

  17. PrimaryiIntraosseousm meningioma in the orbital bony wall: A case report and review of the literature review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sung Jae; Ryu, Ji Hwa; Kim, Hong Dae; Lee, Kwang Hwi; Baek, Hye Jin; Kim, Ok Hwa; Yoon, Jung Hee; Kim, Ji Yeon [Dept. of Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Young Mi; Kim, Dong Wook [Dept. of Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-01-15

    Meningiomas arising outside the intracranial compartment are known as extradural meningiomas. Extradural meningiomas are rare conditions, accounting for less than 2% of all meningiomas. Primary intraosseous meningioma is used to describe a subset of extradural meningiomas arising from bone. A 46-year-old woman presented with left exophthalmos. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance images revealed an expansile bony lesion in the orbital lateral wall of the left sphenoid bone. The patient underwent craniotomy for excision of the bony lesion. Pathologic examination revealed an intraosseous meningioma.

  18. Ultrasound of the elbow: A systematic approach using bony landmarks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of bony landmarks can be helpful in performing an ultrasound study of the elbow. We discuss bony landmarks that can be used for evaluation of the common extensor tendon, ulnar collateral ligament and common flexor tendon, coronoid and olecranon fossa, ulnar nerve, and biceps tendon. We discuss bony landmarks for each of these structures.

  19. Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

  20. Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macanovic, M., E-mail: mladenmaca@gmail.co [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Gangidi, S.; Porter, G.; Brown, S.; Courtney, D. [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Porter, J. [Community Dental Service, Plymouth Primary Care Trust, Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)

    2010-10-15

    Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

  1. Antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yinghua, Song; Lubing, Zhu; Ming, Li.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antifibrotic effects of crocetin in scleroderma fibroblasts and in sclerotic mice. METHODS: Skin fibroblasts that were isolated from three systemic scleroderma (SSc) patients and three healthy subjects were treated with crocetin (0.1, 1 or 10 ?M). Cell proliferation [...] was measured with an MTT assay. Alpha-smooth muscle actin was detected via an immunohistochemical method. Alpha 1 (I) procollagen (COL1A1), alpha 1 (III) procollagen (COL3A1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 mRNA levels were measured using real-time PCR. SSc mice were established by the subcutaneous injection of bleomycin. Crocetin (50 mg/kg/d) was injected intraperitoneally for 14 days. Dermal thickness and lung fibrosis were assessed with Masson's trichrome staining. Plasma ET-1 was detected with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Skin and lung ET-1 and COL1A1 mRNA levels were measured via real-time PCR. RESULTS: Crocetin inhibited the proliferation of SSc and normal fibroblasts, an effect that increased with crocetin concentration and incubation time. Crocetin decreased the expression of ?-SMA and the levels of mRNA for COL1A1, COL3A1 and matrix metalloproteinase-1, while crocetin increased TIMP-1 mRNA levels in both SSc and normal fibroblasts. Skin and lung fibrosis was induced, and the levels of ET-1 in the plasma, skin and lungs were elevated in bleomycin-injected mice. Crocetin alleviated the thickening of the dermis and lung fibrosis; decreased COL1A1 mRNA levels in the skin and lung; and simultaneously decreased ET-1 concentrations in the plasma and ET-1 mRNA levels in the skin and lungs of the bleomycin-induced sclerotic mice, especially during the early phase (weeks 1-3). CONCLUSION: Crocetin inhibits cell proliferation, differentiation and collagen production in SSc fibroblasts. Crocetin alleviates skin and lung fibrosis in a bleomycin-induced SSc mouse model, in part due to a reduction in ET-1.

  2. Bony fragments in the tarsocrural and metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints in the Standardbred horse - a radiographic survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiographic examination of the tarsocrural, metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints was made in 139 Standardbred horses. Most were under three years old with no history of orthopaedic problems. In the tarsocrural joint, osteochondrosis was observed in 25 (18.1 percent) of the horses (n = 138) and 14 (56 percent) of these were affected bilaterally. In the metatarsophalangeal joint, the most frequent radiographic abnormality was single or multiple bony fragments or defects at the plantar proximal end of the proximal phalanx, which was noticed in 40 (28.8 percent) of the horses (n = 139). The lesion was much more frequent in the hind than in the forelimbs. Ten percent of horses affected in the hindlimbs had the lesions bilaterally. Palmar or plantar fragments wee also more common in the medial, than the lateral, part of the joint. With regard to osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joint and palmar or plantar bony fragments in the metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal joints, no significant differences in incidence were found between sexes or between left and right sides. There was no correlation between findings of osteochondrosis in the tarsocrural joints and the occurrence of bony fragments in the plantar part of the metatarsophalangeal joints. In the forelimbs, bony fragments in the dorsal parts of the metacarpophalangeal joint were noticed in three (2.9 percent) of the horse (n = 103) and the corresponding figure for the metatarsophalangeal joint was three (2.2 percent) (n = 139). In 102 horses, the tarsocrural, the metacarpo- and the metatarsophalangeal joints were radiographed at the same time. One or several joints were affected with osteochondrosis, bony fragments, or defects in underlying bones in 45 (44.1 percent) of these horses. (author)

  3. The detection of sclerotic changes of the coronaries and heart valves by scanning beams (ultrafast computed tomography using EVOLUTION)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the advent of ultrafast computed tomography the range of diagnostic procedures for the quantitative determination of pathological changes in the coronary arteries has been broadened. The calcified coronary plaques found in this study, which in some of the patients were markedly pronounced, gave no immediate clue as to what extent sclerotic changes had already occurred in the coronaries examined. Nor was it possible on the basis of this method to pinpoint the vascular sections showing calcified plaques in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. It may, however, permit careful predictions to be made for patients at a high risk of developing coronary artery disease. Sclerotic changes of the heart values occur with above-average frequency in dialysis patients and may be assessed quantitatively by the method described. The results described show that findings revealed by scanning electron beams may provide indirect information on metabolic processes in patients suffering from chronic ailments. (orig./MG)

  4. A bony foreign body found in a patient with no bony injury: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaushik Devwart

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Open fractures with bone loss are a common occurrence following high energy trauma. But usually the bone fragments are lost on the roadside and are not usable. We report a patient who was involved in a head-on collision between two wheelers and presented with a bone fragment embedded in his thigh. Radiological survey revealed no bony injury in that patient. Another patient, who presented at the same time, sustained a segmental fracture of shaft femur and was found to have lost a bone fragment that was similar to the one found in previous patient. CT scan with 3D reconstruction revealed this missing fragment to be the same as that found in previous patient. Both patients had a history of head-on collision while travelling on a two-wheeler. Present case report throws some highlights on the probable mechanism of injury. Key words: Foreign bodies; Femoral fractures; Accidents, traffic

  5. A bony foreign body found in a patient with no bony injury: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaushik, Devwart; Joshi, Narendra; Kumar, Rakesh; Goyal, Shiv Kumar; Kumar, Kamlesh; Gaba, Sahil

    2014-01-01

    Open fractures with bone loss are a common occurrence following high energy trauma. But usually the bone fragments are lost on the roadside and are not usable. We report a patient who was involved in a head-on collision between two wheelers and presented with a bone fragment embedded in his thigh. Radiological survey revealed no bony injury in that patient. Another patient, who presented at the same time, sustained a segmental fracture of shaft femur and was found to have lost a bone fragment that was similar to the one found in previous patient. CT scan with 3D reconstruction revealed this missing fragment to be the same as that found in previous patient. Both patients had a history of head-on collision while travelling on a two-wheeler. Present case report throws some highlights on the probable mechanism of injury. PMID:25471437

  6. Selective calcification of rat brain lesions caused by systemic administration of kainic acid

    OpenAIRE

    Gayoso, M.J.; Al-Majdalawi, A.; Garrosa, M.; Calvo, B.; Díaz-Flores, Lucio

    2003-01-01

    Dystrophic calcification of previously damaged areas of nervous tissue occurs in a wide range of human diseases. The relationship between astroglial and microglial reactions and deposits of calcium salts was studied for up to five months in rats with a brain lesion produced by systemic administration of kainate. The morphology and atomic composition of the calcium salt deposits was also studied. Two types of lesions, sclerotic and liquefactive, were observed. I...

  7. An Atypical Case of POEMS Syndrome with an Osteolytic Bone Lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahul, Kumar; Handa, Nayha; Chandrashekhara, S H; Usha, Thingujam; Singh, Anuradha

    2015-06-01

    POEMS syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder with an underlying plasma cell dyscrasia associated with Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, Monoclonal gammopathy and Skin changes. Usually it is associated with sclerotic bone lesions. It usually manifests in 5(th)-6(th) decade of life with a mean survival period of eight years. We report an unusual case of a 28-year-old male diagnosed with POEMS syndrome and had a lytic bone lesion the in sternum. PMID:26266203

  8. The skull base: tumoral lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casselman, Jan W. [AZ Sint-Jan AV Brugge, Brugge (Belgium); AZ Sint-Augustinus, Wilrijk (Belgium)

    2005-03-01

    Many lesions occur in the anterior, central and posterior skull base. In order to detect and characterise them, one has to apply the best imaging technique. Today MR is the preferred technique, and the use of CT is more and more restricted to evaluate the presence of calcifications and involvement of thin bony walls, foramina and fissures. However, MR is only superior when the right sequences and imaging planes are used. Many lesions can be characterised by their specific signal intensity on different sequences and by their location. Nevertheless some lesions can only be characterised after biopsy. The purpose of imaging in skull base tumours remains in the first place the evaluation of the exact tumour extent, and this is again best achieved with MR. In this paper the imaging technique and the most frequent skull base tumours are discussed. (orig.)

  9. The skull base: tumoral lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many lesions occur in the anterior, central and posterior skull base. In order to detect and characterise them, one has to apply the best imaging technique. Today MR is the preferred technique, and the use of CT is more and more restricted to evaluate the presence of calcifications and involvement of thin bony walls, foramina and fissures. However, MR is only superior when the right sequences and imaging planes are used. Many lesions can be characterised by their specific signal intensity on different sequences and by their location. Nevertheless some lesions can only be characterised after biopsy. The purpose of imaging in skull base tumours remains in the first place the evaluation of the exact tumour extent, and this is again best achieved with MR. In this paper the imaging technique and the most frequent skull base tumours are discussed. (orig.)

  10. Imaging of the hip and bony pelvis. Techniques and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a comprehensive textbook on imaging of the bony pelvis and hip joint that provides a detailed description of the techniques and imaging findings relevant to this complex anatomical region. In the first part of the book, the various techniques and procedures employed for imaging the pelvis and hip are discussed in detail. The second part of the book documents the application of these techniques to the diverse clinical problems and diseases encountered. Among the many topics addressed are congenital and developmental disorders including developmental dysplasia of the hip, irritable hip and septic arthritis, Perthes' disease and avascular necrosis, slipped upper femoral epiphysis, bony and soft tissue trauma, arthritis, tumours and hip prostheses. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in the field, and a wealth of illustrative material is included. This book will be of great value to musculoskeletal and general radiologists, orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists. (orig.)

  11. Imaging of the hip and bony pelvis. Techniques and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davies, A.M. [Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom). MRI Centre; Johnson, K.J. [Princess of Wales Birmingham Children' s Hospital (United Kingdom); Whitehouse, R.W. (eds.) [Manchester Royal Infirmary (United Kingdom). Dept. of Clinical Radiology

    2006-07-01

    This is a comprehensive textbook on imaging of the bony pelvis and hip joint that provides a detailed description of the techniques and imaging findings relevant to this complex anatomical region. In the first part of the book, the various techniques and procedures employed for imaging the pelvis and hip are discussed in detail. The second part of the book documents the application of these techniques to the diverse clinical problems and diseases encountered. Among the many topics addressed are congenital and developmental disorders including developmental dysplasia of the hip, irritable hip and septic arthritis, Perthes' disease and avascular necrosis, slipped upper femoral epiphysis, bony and soft tissue trauma, arthritis, tumours and hip prostheses. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in the field, and a wealth of illustrative material is included. This book will be of great value to musculoskeletal and general radiologists, orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists. (orig.)

  12. The application of bone scintigraphy in bony metastases of the common malignant solid tumors in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Skeleton was one of the most commonly seen metastatic sites in childhood malignant solid tumors. Bone scintigraphy might be of great value in revealing the bony metastases in children of malignancies. Methods: Whole-body bone scan was performed in 202 children with lymphomas (n=91) , neuroblastomas (NB, n=81), rhabdomyosarcomas (RS, n=20), and Wilms tumors (WT, n=10). The images were retrospectively analyzed as the incidence, sites, and image characteristics of the bone involvements. Results: Ninety-two of 202 patients (45.5%) showed positive findings in their bone scans. Solitary bone lesions were found in 20, whereas multiple infiltrations were founded in 72 children. Lower extremity and vertebras were common sites of skeletal metastases. Thirty-eight of 91 lymphomas (41.8%) had bone metastases, with incidental finding of kidney involvement in 15 (16.5%). Forty-six of 81 NB (56.8%) had bone involvement, with 30 primary lesions showed abnormal uptake. Eight of 20 RS manifested abnormal uptakes on their skeletons, whereas 10 WT had normal bone scans. Conclusions: Bone scintigraphy was of great value in the diagnosis of bone infiltrations of children's common malignant solid tumors. Bone scintigraphy also contributed to the detection of kidney involvement of lymphoma. (authors)

  13. MR imaging of growth plate injury in rabbit: development of bony bridge and pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the MR findings of a development of bony bridge within tunnels drilled across growth plates after injury in immature rabbits, and to correlate the MR and pathological findings. In 19 young rabbits, a growth-plate injury model was constructed in the distal femur by longitudinal drilling with a 5-mm drill. Coronal scans with T1-weighted, T2-weighted fast spin-echo, gradient echo, and gadolinium enhanced T1-weighted sequences were obtained immediately, and at 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks, and 3, 6 months, postoperatively. Each group underwent pathologic examination, and the signal intensity, shape, and enhancement pattern of the drill holes were assessed. All results were correlated with pathologic findings. During the early period, the signal intensity of the defect site varied due to hemorrhage and inflammatory reaction in the lesion, becoming isointense to that of metaphyseal marrow on all sequences during the late period (3 and 6 months). Pathologically, it corresponded to replacement of the osseous bridge with fatty marrow. The new bone formation shown by pathologic examination to be present in the periphery of the defect during the first week corresponded to the vertical dark rim seen on MR images. It appeared during that week and became more distinct, thickening gradually until the fourth week. Enhancement was absent or faint on follow-up immediately after surgery, inhomogeneous and seen in half the rabbits at week 1, and maximal and homogenous at weeks 2 and 3. It had decreased by week 4, and was absent at months 3 and 6. These findings corresponded to the changes in transphyseal vascularity across the drill hole revealed by pathologic examination. The contrast enhancement demonstrated by defective growth plate may indicate the development of vascularity throughout the plate, a phenomenon which precedes the formation of a bony bridge after trauma. (author)

  14. POEMS syndrome : two cases report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Eun Young; Yang, Ik; Lee, Kyung Won; Lee, Yul; Chung, Soo Young; Lee, Eil Seoung [Hallym Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-07-01

    Two patients with an unusual multisystemic syndrome characterized by polyneuropathy, organomegaly(especially hepatosplenomegaly), endocrine dysfunction, M-protein, and skin abnormalities(POEMS syndrome) are discussed.Characteristic radiographic features include hepatosplenomegaly, lymph node enlargement, sclerotic bony lesions,and a peculiar variety of bony proliferation.

  15. Arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus mimicking intraosseous lesions of the skull base

    OpenAIRE

    Jalali, Elnaz; Tadinada, Aditya

    2015-01-01

    Arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus is a developmental variant that is not always well recognized and is often confused with other pathologies associated with the skull base. This report describes the case of a patient referred for cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging for dental implant therapy. CBCT demonstrated a well-defined incidental lesion in the left sphenoid sinus with soft tissue-like density and sclerotic borders with internal curvilinear opacifications. The differ...

  16. Misconceptions about the three point bony relationship of the elbow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandeep S Dhillon

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The 3 bony point relationship of the elbow is an important surface evaluation done in all cases of elbow pathology; its importance is highlighted by the fact that significant emphasis is also laid on this during the specialty board examinations. Confusion about the exact inter relationship exists even in the standard orthopaedic books, with various authors labeling it as isosceles, equilateral or a different triangle, without any citation to back this statement. Materials and Methods: The knowledge of the three bony points relationship in elbow was verified after a survey of orthopaedic surgeons undertaken by the senior author, produced disparate answers. Most (63% classified this as an isosceles triangle. To clarify this further, 200 elbows were prospectively evaluated to measure the distances between these points and the angles were calculated. Conclusion: Our observations indicate that this triangle is neither isosceles, nor equilateral, but a scalene triangle of unequal sides. There may even be a minimal difference in the 2 sides of the same individual, which has the potential to complicate routine comparison of the two elbows during examination. Results: The analysis of data revealed that all surgeons were aware of the three bony points relationship; however 21 of the 179 (mostly senior surgeons did not give too much importance to this evaluation in daily clinical practice. Nine surgeons were not sure what type of triangle was formed, 17 thought it was an equilateral triangle, 40 thought it was some other type of triangle while 113 (63% thought these points formed an isosceles triangle. This is a reflection of the disparity in the perception about this triangle in the orthopaedic community in general.

  17. Misconceptions about the three point bony relationship of the elbow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhillon, Mandeep S; Gopinathan, Nirmal Raj; Kumar, Vishal

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The 3 bony point relationship of the elbow is an important surface evaluation done in all cases of elbow pathology; its importance is highlighted by the fact that significant emphasis is also laid on this during the specialty board examinations. Confusion about the exact inter relationship exists even in the standard orthopaedic books, with various authors labeling it as isosceles, equilateral or a different triangle, without any citation to back this statement. Materials and Methods: The knowledge of the three bony points relationship in elbow was verified after a survey of orthopaedic surgeons undertaken by the senior author, produced disparate answers. Most (63%) classified this as an isosceles triangle. To clarify this further, 200 elbows were prospectively evaluated to measure the distances between these points and the angles were calculated. Conclusion: Our observations indicate that this triangle is neither isosceles, nor equilateral, but a scalene triangle of unequal sides. There may even be a minimal difference in the 2 sides of the same individual, which has the potential to complicate routine comparison of the two elbows during examination. Results: The analysis of data revealed that all surgeons were aware of the three bony points relationship; however 21 of the 179 (mostly senior surgeons) did not give too much importance to this evaluation in daily clinical practice. Nine surgeons were not sure what type of triangle was formed, 17 thought it was an equilateral triangle, 40 thought it was some other type of triangle while 113 (63%) thought these points formed an isosceles triangle. This is a reflection of the disparity in the perception about this triangle in the orthopaedic community in general. PMID:25298550

  18. Bio-archaeometric analysis of Francisco Pizarro's bony remains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The analysis of the bony pieces of the skeleton attributed to the conquer Francisco Pizarro was continued, with the quantitative determinations of the elements Calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Strontium (Sr) and Lead (Pb) evidence graphically the strong contamination by contact with Pb of the pieces of the head and the punctual contamination of some other pieces, with this same element by handling; besides the contamination by Cu in the pieces pertaining to the extremities has been determined. Finally by means of statistical evaluations of the elements Ca, Cu, Zn and Sr the type of diet of the individual in study is determined. (orig.)

  19. Pediatric bony craniovertebral junction abnormalities: Institutional experience of 10 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S S Kale

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the clinical features and treatment outcome of pediatric patients with bony craniovertebral abnormalities. Materials and Methods: The authors studied 189 consecutive cases of pediatric bony craniovertebral junction abnormalities operated between 2001 and March, 2010. Results: The pathologies were developmental (n = 162, traumatic ( n = 18 and tuberculous (n = 9. Surgical procedures included transoral decompression (n = 118, occipitocervical fusion (OCF, n = 139, C 1 -C 2 fusion (n = 45, and posterior fossa decompression (n = 5. Methods for OCF included contoured stainless steel rods (n = 86, titanium lateral mass screws and plates (n = 47 and steel wires (n = 6. Constructs of all patients of posterior fixation with contoured rods and wires or lateral mass screw and rod who could be followed up were either stable/fused or were fused and stable. No implant failure was noticed among these two surgical procedures. However, 6 patients with C 1-C 2 fusion had broken wires on follow-up requiring repeat posterior fixation. Good neurological outcome was observed even in poor-grade patients. No significant effect on the curvature or growth of the spine was observed at follow-up. Conclusions: Pediatric craniovertebral junction anomalies can be managed successfully with good outcomes using a low cost contoured rod and wires.

  20. Multidetector computed tomography evaluation of bony fragments and donor sites in acute patellar dislocation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Patellar dislocation is frequently associated with bony fragments that are difficult to see on radiographs. MRI or MDCT are often used to rule out or characterize these bony fragments. Purpose: To assess the use of MDCT for locating bony fragments and donor sites in patients with acute patellar dislocation, and to test whether sizes and quantity of bony fragments differ between first-time dislocations and recurrent dislocations. Material and Methods: Retrospective data from two hospitals during a 96-month period were collected, and a total of 46 patients (mean age 27 years, range 9-69 years) that had sustained an acute patellar dislocation (22 first-time, 24 recurrent) were identified. Size, location and donor site of bony fragments were evaluated on MDCT images. Surgical correlation was available for 22 of 46 patients. Results: On MDCT images, the likely donor site could be identified in 62 of 71 (87%) bony fragments. Of the bony fragments that were seen on MDCT images, 40 of 68 (59%) were not seen on AP and lateral views of the conventional radiographs. There was no significant difference in size of bony fragments between first-time or recurrent dislocators (p 0.77). The average number of bony fragments were 2.1 and 1.0 in first-time and recurrent dislocators, respectively. The location and donor site of bony fragments was similar between two patients groups. Conclusion: MDCT is a suitable imaging method to locate bony fragments and donor sites. The number of bony fragments seems to be higher in first-time dislocators than recurrent dislocators, otherwise findings between the two patient groups were similar

  1. Unusual cause of generalized osteolytic vertebral lesions: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanda Sudip

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Vertebral sarcoidosis is an extremely rare form of osseous sarcoidosis. Although osseous sarcoidosis is almost always an incidental finding of sarcoidosis elsewhere in the body, vertebrae may be the primary disease site. Involvement of vertebrae is usually localized and sclerotic or lytic. Case presentation We describe a case of extensive asymptomatic vertebral involvement by sarcoid with osteolytic lesions. Making the diagnosis requires biopsy and ruling out other commoner causes of osteolytic vertebral lesions. Conclusion We report this case in the hope of expanding the knowledge of osseous sarcoidosis. Our patient was unique in that all involvement was axial with sparing of the peripheral skeleton, near absence of any other organ involvement, diffuse involvement of the whole spine and osteolytic bone lesions.

  2. Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials. (author)

  3. MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    C, Minné; MD, Velleman; FE, Suleman.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension [...] and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo spin echo (PDW TSE) and proton density weighted turbo spin echo fat saturation (PDW TSE FS) sequences of four cases of cyclops lesions, and distinguish between the MRI findings of large and small lesions. We also describe a cyclops lesion after a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, not described in literature before.

  4. Viral vaccines for bony fish: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salgado-Miranda, Celene; Loza-Rubio, Elizabeth; Rojas-Anaya, Edith; García-Espinosa, Gary

    2013-05-01

    Since 1970, aquaculture production has grown. In 2010, it had an annual average rate of 6.3% with 59.9 million tons of product and soon could exceed capture fisheries as a source of fishery products. However, the occurrence of viral diseases continues to be a significant limiting factor and its control is important for the development of this sector. In aquaculture farms, fish are reared under intensive culture conditions, and the use of viral vaccines has enabled an increase in production. Several types of vaccines and strategies of vaccination have been developed; however, this approach has not reached the expected goals in the most susceptible stage (fingerlings). Currently, there are inactivated and recombinant commercial vaccines, mainly for salmonids and cyprinids. In addition, updated genomic and proteomic technology has expedited the research and expansion of new vaccine models, such as those comprised of subunits or DNA. The objective of this review is to cover the various types of viral vaccines that have been developed and are available for bony fishes, as well as the advantages and challenges that DNA vaccines present for massive administration in a growing aquaculture, possible risks for the environment, the controversy regarding genetically modified organisms and possible acceptance by consumers. PMID:23659303

  5. Conformational comparisons among homologous bony fish 5S ribosomal RNAs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishigaki, H; Sugai, S

    1990-02-01

    The reversible thermal melting of homologous 5S ribosomal RNAs of three bony fishes, rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri), carp (Cyprinus carpio), and dog salmon (Onchorhynchus keta), were compared in aqueous salts (sodium chloride and/or divalent metal chlorides) by means of differential optical absorption at 260 and 280 nm, and c.d. at 265 nm. The melting parameters of the multiphasic melting process were conserved among the homologous RNAs, and it was shown that they did not depend on the methods of measurement but on concentrations of [Na+] and of [metal2+]. Other physicochemical methods, such as FT-IR absorption, gave the same melting profiles as the u.v. methods. The c.d. spectrum was homologous among the ribosomal RNAs. The melting is explained by changes in local structures in the 'consensus secondary structure model'. Also, stabilization of the secondary and tertiary structures by binding of Mg2+ and Ca2+, and the catalysed hydrolysis of the main chains by various divalent ions are discussed. PMID:2083239

  6. Algodystrophy in children and young adults with isotopic bony hypofixation. A propos of 5 observations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report 5 observations of young adults 3 teen-agers and 2 children suffering from algodystrophy, and in whom isotopic exploration of the skeleton disclosed a clear bony hypofixation during the entire evolution. These observations confirm their 1981 work concerning a young adult suffering from algodystrophy with isotopic bony hypofixation. Recent Canadian and American studies emphasize also the frequency of isotopic hypofixation in children algodystrophy. It seems, therefore, that isotopic bony hypofixation (linked perhaps to a decreased blood flow), is rather specific of algodystrophy in young subjects

  7. CT image evaluation of the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement after total hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluated the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement of the proximal femur on the pelvis after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images of 90 deg hip flexion were used to simulate the internal rotation limit against safety limits measured intraoperatively. Ninety joints in 86 subjects (12 men and 74 women) underwent THA for the treatment of secondary coxarthrosis. The correlation between the internal rotation limit prior to the bony impingement intraoperatively and the simulated internal rotation angle on the reconstructed CT image was statistically significant. We provide a new method to simulate the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement based on postoperative CT. (author)

  8. CT image evaluation of the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement after total hip arthroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Koji; Matsubara, Masaaki; Morita, Sadao; Muneta, Takeshi; Shinomiya, Ken-ichi [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-07-01

    This study evaluated the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement of the proximal femur on the pelvis after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images of 90 deg hip flexion were used to simulate the internal rotation limit against safety limits measured intraoperatively. Ninety joints in 86 subjects (12 men and 74 women) underwent THA for the treatment of secondary coxarthrosis. The correlation between the internal rotation limit prior to the bony impingement intraoperatively and the simulated internal rotation angle on the reconstructed CT image was statistically significant. We provide a new method to simulate the internal rotation limit prior to bony impingement based on postoperative CT. (author)

  9. Role of Fresh Osteochondral Allografts for Large Talar Osteochondral Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Christopher E; Adams, Samuel B; Easley, Mark E; Nunley, James A

    2016-01-01

    Osteochondral lesions of the talus, large or small, present a challenge to the treating orthopaedic surgeon. These cartilage and bony defects can cause substantial pain and functional disability. Surgical treatment of small lesions of the talus has been thoroughly explored and includes retrograde drilling, arthroscopic débridement and marrow stimulation, osteochondral autografting from cartilage/bone unit harvested from the ipsilateral knee (mosaicplasty), and autologous chondrocyte implantation. Although each of these reparative, replacement, or regenerative techniques has various degrees of success, they may be insufficient for the treatment of large osteochondral lesions of the talus. Large-volume osteochondral lesions of the talus (>1.5 cm in diameter or area >150 mm) often involve sizable portions of the weight-bearing section of the talar dome, medially or laterally. To properly treat these osteochondral lesions of the talus, a fresh structural osteochondral allograft is a viable treatment option. PMID:26589459

  10. Weight bearing influence on knee joint bony contact movements: an in vivo video-fluoroscopy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, C K; Yao, N K; Liu, H C

    1997-01-01

    In order to understand the effects of body weight-bearing on knee joint bony contact movements, a video-fluoroscopic digitizing system with in vivo human knee extension-flexion motions of 12 healthy adults under body weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing conditions was studied. These 12 subjects were equally separated into two groups consisting of a body weight-bearing group and a non-weight-bearing group. Video-fluoroscopic images were digitized to get three parameters from the knee joint bony geometry. These three parameters were the radius of rotation, the are length of rotation, and the contact point of the tibiofemoral joint, and they were used to decide the knee joint bony contact status of the sliding, spinning and rocking motions. The results showed that the knee bony contact movements under body weight-bearing conditions had about 4 times the incidence rate of the sliding motion under non-weight-bearing conditions. The incidence rate of the sliding motion was greatest when the knee flexion was less than 30 degrees. The knee bony contact movements under non-weight-bearing conditions had a larger spinning motion incidence rate and smaller rocking motion incidence rate than they did under weight-bearing conditions. The larger spinning motion incidence rate when the knee joint flexion was greater than 60 degrees. In conclusion, the body weight-bearing factor should be considered in studying knee joint bony contact movements. PMID:9208483

  11. The paediatric wrist revisited - findings of bony depressions in healthy children on radiographs compared to MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avenarius, Derk M.F.; Eldevik, Petter [University Hospital North Norway, Department of Radiology, Tromsoe (Norway); Ording Mueller, Lil-Sofie [University Hospital North Norway, Department of Radiology, Tromsoe (Norway); Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Owens, Catherine M. [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); University College London, Institute of Child Health, London (United Kingdom); Rosendahl, Karen [Haukeland University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bergen (Norway); University of Bergen, Department of Surgical Sciences, Bergen (Norway); Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom)

    2012-07-15

    The presence of erosions is used for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Assessment of carpal bone erosions in children is challenging due to lack of normal references. To define normal appearances of bony depressions in the wrist on radiographs and MRI. MRI and radiography of the wrist were performed in 88 healthy children, 5-15 years of age. We assessed the number of bony depressions within the carpals/proximal metacarpals on both modalities, separately and combined. A total of 75 carpal depressions were identified on radiography compared to 715 on MRI. The number of bony depressions identified radiographically showed no statistically significant difference across age-groups. Within the metacarpals, there was no significant difference between bony depressions identified by MRI or radiography, except at the bases of the second metacarpal. Bony depressions that resemble erosions are normal findings in the wrist in children. MRI identifies more depressions than radiographs in the carpus. Some bony depressions occur at typical locations and should be accounted for when assessing the wrist in JIA to avoid overstaging. (orig.)

  12. The paediatric wrist revisited - findings of bony depressions in healthy children on radiographs compared to MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presence of erosions is used for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Assessment of carpal bone erosions in children is challenging due to lack of normal references. To define normal appearances of bony depressions in the wrist on radiographs and MRI. MRI and radiography of the wrist were performed in 88 healthy children, 5-15 years of age. We assessed the number of bony depressions within the carpals/proximal metacarpals on both modalities, separately and combined. A total of 75 carpal depressions were identified on radiography compared to 715 on MRI. The number of bony depressions identified radiographically showed no statistically significant difference across age-groups. Within the metacarpals, there was no significant difference between bony depressions identified by MRI or radiography, except at the bases of the second metacarpal. Bony depressions that resemble erosions are normal findings in the wrist in children. MRI identifies more depressions than radiographs in the carpus. Some bony depressions occur at typical locations and should be accounted for when assessing the wrist in JIA to avoid overstaging. (orig.)

  13. Hallazgo de cuerpos escleróticos en un canino: sospecha de cromoblastomicosis cutánea Sclerotic bodies found in a dog: suspected cutaneous chromoblastomycosis

    OpenAIRE

    de Silva, V.; Madrid, H.; S Anticevic

    2007-01-01

    Una paciente canina se presenta a consulta con prurito generalizado de curso crónico. El examen dermatológico evidencia lesiones alopécicas descamativas con hiperqueratosis en la cara interior caudal de ambos muslos. El examen microscópico directo de muestra de escamas cutáneas con KOH más tinta Quinck Parker evidencia la presencia de cuerpos escleróticos, elementos diagnósticos de cromoblastomicosis, una patología micótica muy infrecuente en Chile y previamente no reportada en cánidos. La te...

  14. Clival Lesion incidentally discovered on cone-beam computed tomography: A case report and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jadhav, Aniket B.; Tadinada, Aditya; Rengasamy, Kandasamy; Lurie, Alan G. [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington (United States); Douglas, Fellows [Division of Diagnostic Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington (United States)

    2014-06-15

    An osteolytic lesion with a small central area of mineralization and sclerotic borders was discovered incidentally in the clivus on the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of a 27-year-old male patient. This benign appearance indicated a primary differential diagnosis of non-aggressive lesions such as fibro-osseous lesions and arrested pneumatization. Further, on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion showed a homogenously low T1 signal intensity with mild internal enhancement after post-gadolinium and a heterogeneous T2 signal intensity. These signal characteristics might be attributed to the fibrous tissues, chondroid matrix, calcific material, or cystic component of the lesion; thus, chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma were added to the differential diagnosis. Although this report was limited by the lack of final diagnosis and the patient lost to follow-up, the incidental skull base finding would be important for interpreting the entire volume of CBCT by a qualified oral and maxillofacial radiologist.

  15. Clival Lesion incidentally discovered on cone-beam computed tomography: A case report and review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An osteolytic lesion with a small central area of mineralization and sclerotic borders was discovered incidentally in the clivus on the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of a 27-year-old male patient. This benign appearance indicated a primary differential diagnosis of non-aggressive lesions such as fibro-osseous lesions and arrested pneumatization. Further, on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion showed a homogenously low T1 signal intensity with mild internal enhancement after post-gadolinium and a heterogeneous T2 signal intensity. These signal characteristics might be attributed to the fibrous tissues, chondroid matrix, calcific material, or cystic component of the lesion; thus, chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma were added to the differential diagnosis. Although this report was limited by the lack of final diagnosis and the patient lost to follow-up, the incidental skull base finding would be important for interpreting the entire volume of CBCT by a qualified oral and maxillofacial radiologist.

  16. Parasellar lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruscalleda, J. [Hospital Sant Pau, Radiology Department, Neuroradiology, Barcelona (Spain)

    2005-03-01

    The sellar and parasellar region is an anatomically complex area that represents a crucial crossroad of important adjacent structures, e.g. orbits, cavernous sinus and its content, polygon of Willis, hypothalamus through the pituitary stalk and dural reflections forming the diaphragm sellae and the walls of the cavernous sinuses. Although the cavernous sinus represents the most relevant parasellar structure, from the practical and clinical point of view all the structures that surround the sella turcica can be included in the parasellar region. CT and, mainly, MRI are the imaging modalities to study and characterise the normal anatomy and the majority of processes in this region. We present a practical short review of the most relevant CT and MRI characteristics, such as location, nature of contrast enhancement and presence of cystic components, together with clinical findings, which permit differentiation of the most frequent and less common lesions found in the parasellar region. Learning objectives: A short review of the anatomy and clinical symptoms related to the parasellar region. Radiological characterisation, mainly by MRI, of the many lesions that alter the structure and function of sellar and parasellar anatomy. Description of the MRI features that permit differentiation among less common lesions. (orig.)

  17. Multimodal imaging and clinical characteristics of bone lesions in POEMS syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Xiao-Feng; Hu, Shu-Dong; Li, Jun-Min; Luo, Xian-Fu; Long, Zhang-Biao; Zhu, Yan; Xi, Xiao-Dong

    2015-01-01

    POEMS syndrome is a rare plasmacyte-associated disease, one of the major diagnostic criteria of which is sclerotic bone lesion. To detect bone lesions in POEMS syndrome, which imaging method should be routinely applied and what characteristics they display are still unconfirmed. We analyzed clinical data and imaging characteristics of bone lesions in 22 patients with POEMS using multimodal methods, including conventional X-ray, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). Images on X-ray and CT exhibited plaque-like high-density for osteosclerotic lesions and punched-out low-density appearance for osteolytic ones. X-ray had advantage in detecting bone lesions in skull, extremity long bones, clavicle, and scapula, while CT could display sharp outline of lesions and was more sensitive than X-ray in detecting the small lesions. Osteosclerotic lesions on MRI demonstrated decreased signal intensity on both T1 and T2-weighted sequences, while osteolytic lesions or osteolytic part of mixed lesions showed high signal intensity on T2-weighted sequences. MRI had same sensitivity as CT, but with superiority in distinguishing the active osteolytic lesions from the osteosclerotic ones. PET-CT showed 18F-FDG uptake was normal in the majority of osteosclerotic lesions, and slightly increased in mixed ones, but obviously elevated in osteolytic ones. PET/CT was less sensitive in detecting osteosclerotic lesions than in detecting osteolytic ones. In conclusion, to detect bone lesions in POEMS, conventional X-ray scan should be first performed, further followed by more sensitive CT or MRI. PET-CT is optional when the osteolytic lesions are suspected. PMID:26221290

  18. Severe bony ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint on one side and contralateral adhesion: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bony fusion between the mandibular condyle and skull base involves temporomandibular joint (TMJ) bony ankylosis. This condition might originate from trauma, infection, or systemic disease. TMJ adhesion can develop after synovial damage. Both TMJ ankylosis and adhesion lead to functional impairment and pain. Here, we present a case of a 50-year-old female who had bony ankylosis of the right TMJ and adhesion of the left TMJ. She had otitis media in the right ear. A large mass in the right TMJ was observed on computed tomograph. Magnetic resonance image showed a large fused bone mass with normal bone marrow in the right TMJ and flattening of the condyle with a thin disk in the left TMJ. Gap arthroplasty with temporal fascia was performed on the right TMJ, and discectomy, high condylectomy, and coronoidectomy were performed on the left TMJ. During a 2-year follow-up after surgery, the patient had no recurrence

  19. Incidence of dehiscence of the bony roof of the superior semicircular canal by CT imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dehiscence of the bony roof of the superior semicircular canal (SSCC) is rare, but it has been recognized by otologists since Minor et al first described superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS). In this study, dehiscence of the bony roof of SSCC was incidentally detected in three patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo out of 49 serial patients with vertigo and dizziness by multi-slice computed tomography. Although detection of dehiscence of the SSCC by ultra-high-resolution CT imaging of the temporal bones has been required for a diagnosis of SCDS, this study showed that dehiscence of the bony roof of the SSCC can be an incidental finding and therefore is not specific for SCDS. (author)

  20. Severe bony ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint on one side and contralateral adhesion: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Ji Young [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seong Gon; Choi, Hang Moon [School of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyun Jung [Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Bony fusion between the mandibular condyle and skull base involves temporomandibular joint (TMJ) bony ankylosis. This condition might originate from trauma, infection, or systemic disease. TMJ adhesion can develop after synovial damage. Both TMJ ankylosis and adhesion lead to functional impairment and pain. Here, we present a case of a 50-year-old female who had bony ankylosis of the right TMJ and adhesion of the left TMJ. She had otitis media in the right ear. A large mass in the right TMJ was observed on computed tomograph. Magnetic resonance image showed a large fused bone mass with normal bone marrow in the right TMJ and flattening of the condyle with a thin disk in the left TMJ. Gap arthroplasty with temporal fascia was performed on the right TMJ, and discectomy, high condylectomy, and coronoidectomy were performed on the left TMJ. During a 2-year follow-up after surgery, the patient had no recurrence.

  1. Epidermal cyst of the bony external auditory canal in an adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihshan Ali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available To present a rare case of epidermal cyst of the bony external auditory canal (EAC in an adult. Epidermal cyst of the bony EAC, although very rare, should be kept in the list of differential diagnosis of a skin-lined mass of the EAC. Epidermal cyst is very rare in the EAC. Only two cases of epidermoid cyst arising from the bony EAC are reported previously in English, but both were in pediatric age group. Epidermal cyst in EAC in adult patients may be confused with masses that are commonly seen, and these include osteomas, exostosis, ear polyps, carcinomas, etc. Epidermal cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of a patient with an ear mass.

  2. Added value of using a cocktail of F-18 sodium fluoride and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose in positron emission tomography/computed tomography for detecting bony metastasis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Hung-Pin; Hu, Chin; Yu, Chang-Ching; Huang, Tsung-Chi; Peng, Nan-Jing

    2015-04-01

    Current nuclear imaging of the skeletal system is achieved using technetium-99m (Tc-99m) methylene diphosphonate (MDP), F-18 sodium fluoride (NaF), or F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). However, comparisons of these are rare in the literature. We present a case of a 51-year-old female with suspicious lung cancer due to main symptoms of dyspnea, nonproductive cough, and pleural pain. Tc-99m MDP whole-body bone scan (WBBS) showed multiple bony metastases. Five days later, positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) images using both F-18 NaF and a cocktail of F-18 NaF and F-18 FDG were obtained on the same day 2 hours apart. The former showed more foci and precisely showed bony lesions compared to those obtained using Tc-99m MDP WBBS. However, the latter demonstrated more extensive radiotracer uptake, especially in osteolytic lesions, and additional soft tissue lesions in the left axillary and surpraclavicular nodes as well as the left pleura. Surgical biopsy was performed in left axillary nodes, and the metastatic carcinoma was found to be of breast origin. This case demonstrated that a cocktail of F-18 NaF and F-18 FDG could be useful in PET/CT for not only detecting more skeletal lesions but also guiding biopsies accurately to the affected tissue. PMID:25837761

  3. Melorheostosis of the hand with complicating bony spur formation and bursal inflammation: diagnosis and treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 37-year old woman presented with intolerable pain associated with a slowly growing mass on the dorsum of the right hand. The radiographs were characteristic of melorheostosis involving the third and fourth metacarpals, with a cortical bony projection extending from the base of the third metacarpal eroding slightly into the fourth metacarpal, associated with bursal formation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an inflamed bursal collection adjacent to the spur. This region corresponded to the patient's severe clinical, focal pain. To our knowledge, this is the first case report in which melorheostosis of the hand has been associated with bony spur formation and complicated by an inflamed bursa. (orig.)

  4. PET/MR imaging of bone lesions - implications for PET quantification from imperfect attenuation correction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samarin, Andrei [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); University Hospital Zurich, Nuclear Medicine, Zurich (Switzerland); Burger, Cyrill; Crook, David W.; Burger, Irene A.; Schmid, Daniel T.; Schulthess, Gustav K. von; Kuhn, Felix P. [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Wollenweber, Scott D. [GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI (United States)

    2012-07-15

    Accurate attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative analysis of PET tracer distribution. In MR, the lack of cortical bone signal makes bone segmentation difficult and may require implementation of special sequences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the need for accurate bone segmentation in MR-based AC for whole-body PET/MR imaging. In 22 patients undergoing sequential PET/CT and 3-T MR imaging, modified CT AC maps were produced by replacing pixels with values of >100 HU, representing mostly bone structures, by pixels with a constant value of 36 HU corresponding to soft tissue, thereby simulating current MR-derived AC maps. A total of 141 FDG-positive osseous lesions and 50 soft-tissue lesions adjacent to bones were evaluated. The mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) was measured in each lesion in PET images reconstructed once using the standard AC maps and once using the modified AC maps. Subsequently, the errors in lesion tracer uptake for the modified PET images were calculated using the standard PET image as a reference. Substitution of bone by soft tissue values in AC maps resulted in an underestimation of tracer uptake in osseous and soft tissue lesions adjacent to bones of 11.2 {+-} 5.4 % (range 1.5-30.8 %) and 3.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 0.2-4 %), respectively. Analysis of the spine and pelvic osseous lesions revealed a substantial dependence of the error on lesion composition. For predominantly sclerotic spine lesions, the mean underestimation was 15.9 {+-} 3.4 % (range 9.9-23.5 %) and for osteolytic spine lesions, 7.2 {+-} 1.7 % (range 4.9-9.3 %), respectively. CT data simulating treating bone as soft tissue as is currently done in MR maps for PET AC leads to a substantial underestimation of tracer uptake in bone lesions and depends on lesion composition, the largest error being seen in sclerotic lesions. Therefore, depiction of cortical bone and other calcified areas in MR AC maps is necessary for accurate quantification of tracer uptake values in PET/MR imaging. (orig.)

  5. Another CT sign of sinonasal polyposis: truncation of the bony middle turbinate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang, E.Y. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Lam, W.W.M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Woo, J.K.S. [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Hasselt, C.A. van [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong); Metreweli, C. [Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin (Hong Kong)

    1996-08-01

    In order to study the features of sinonasal polyposis (SNP) on CT, 100 consecutive coronal sinus CT examinations done for chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease were reviewed. The CT findings of the 27 fully documented SNPs were analyzed. All our SNPs were bilateral. There was a strong tendency for extensive involvement. Nasal polyps were seen in 22 of 27(81 %); bony trabecular deossification in 23 of 27 (85 %); widening of infundibulum in 26 of 27(96 %). We discovered a new sign ``truncation of the bony middle turbinate``, where the bulbous part of bony middle turbinate was missing, in 15 of 26 (58 %) of SNP patients without a previous history of middle turbinectomy, 12 of 15(80 %) were bilateral. The one SNP patient (1 of 27) with previous middle turbinectomy was not regarded to be real truncation. Truncation of the bony middle turbinate is a characteristic and easily recognizable ancillary sign, and is not seen in other patterns of sinusitis. Together with other features on coronal sinus CT, this adds diagnostic confidence in diagnosing sinonasal polyposis. (orig.). With 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  6. Condylar bony changes in patients with temporomandibular disorders: a CBCT study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Diagnosis of osteoarthritis most commonly depends on clinical and radiographic findings. The present study attempted to observe the bony changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) patients from all age groups. The first-visit clinical records and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data of 440 TMJs from 220 consecutive TMJ patients were reviewed retrospectively. The most frequent condylar bony change observed was sclerosis (133 joints, 30.2%) followed by surface erosion (129 joints, 29.3%), flattening of the articular surface (112 joints, 25.5%), and deviation in form (58 joints, 13.2%), which included 33 TMJs in a cane-shape, 16 with a lateral or medial pole depression, 6 with posterior condylar surface flattening, and 3 with a bifid-shaped condyle. Fifty-three joints (12.0%) showed hypoplastic condyles but only 1 joint showed hyperplasia. Osteophyte was found in 35 joints (8.0%) and subcortical cyst in 24 joints (5.5%), 5 of which had surface erosion as well. One hundred nineteen joints (27.0%) had only one kind of condylar bony change, 66 joints (15.0%) had two, 52 joints (11.8%) had three, 12 joints (5.0%) had four, and 6 joints (1.4%) had five kinds of condylar bony changes at the same time. Eighty-five (65.9%) of 129 joints with surface erosion had pain recorded at the chief complaint. With more widespread use of CBCT, more specific or detailed guidelines for osteoarthritis are needed.

  7. Effect of disc displacement on the bony change and disc configuration of TMJ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jin Hoa; Lee, Wan; Lee, Byung Do [Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-03-15

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of TMJ disc displacement on the TMJ disc configuration and surrounding osseous structure. The proton density and T2-weighted MR images of 57 TMJs were retrospectively studied. These TMJs were divided into three groups according to the anterior disc displacement status an MR sagittal images, those were the normal, anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADWR), anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADWOR). The frequency of disc configuration and surrounding bony change, the border status between articular disc and retrodiscal tissue were investigated according to the positional change of articular disc. There were significant statistical differences of chi-square of TMJ disc configurational type between normal and ADWR/ADWOR group, respectively. Surrounding bony change frequently appeared in ADWOR and a statistically significant difference of chi-square statistics of bony change frequency between normal and ADWOR group was observed. These results suggested that the disc configuration and bony change of TMJ are strongly related to TMJ disc displacement.

  8. Another CT sign of sinonasal polyposis: truncation of the bony middle turbinate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to study the features of sinonasal polyposis (SNP) on CT, 100 consecutive coronal sinus CT examinations done for chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease were reviewed. The CT findings of the 27 fully documented SNPs were analyzed. All our SNPs were bilateral. There was a strong tendency for extensive involvement. Nasal polyps were seen in 22 of 27(81 %); bony trabecular deossification in 23 of 27 (85 %); widening of infundibulum in 26 of 27(96 %). We discovered a new sign ''truncation of the bony middle turbinate'', where the bulbous part of bony middle turbinate was missing, in 15 of 26 (58 %) of SNP patients without a previous history of middle turbinectomy, 12 of 15(80 %) were bilateral. The one SNP patient (1 of 27) with previous middle turbinectomy was not regarded to be real truncation. Truncation of the bony middle turbinate is a characteristic and easily recognizable ancillary sign, and is not seen in other patterns of sinusitis. Together with other features on coronal sinus CT, this adds diagnostic confidence in diagnosing sinonasal polyposis. (orig.). With 4 figs., 2 tabs

  9. Linhas escleróticas metafisárias em crianças e adolescentes em uso de alendronato / Sclerotic metaphyseal lines in children and adolescents treated with alendronate

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Érika C.C., Silva; Maria Teresa R.A., Terreri; Tania C.M. de, Castro; Cássia P.L., Barbosa; Artur R.C., Fernandes; Maria Odete E., Hilário.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os bisfosfonatos inibem a reabsorção óssea pela interferência na ação dos osteoclastos. Dentre os efeitos adversos, as linhas escleróticas em metáfise de ossos longos são descritas como principal alteração radiográfica na faixa etária pediátrica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência de alteraç [...] ões radiográficas causadas pelo alendronato utilizado em crianças e adolescentes com baixa densidade óssea ou calcinose. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo do tipo coorte retrospectiva analisando-se prontuários de 21 pacientes que fizeram uso de alendronato semanal por no mínimo 10 meses. Os pacientes realizaram radiografias de ossos longos antes do início do alendronato e aproximadamente um ano após o seu uso. RESULTADOS: Onze pacientes (52,3%) apresentaram linhas escleróticas em metáfise dos ossos longos. A localização mais frequente foi em tíbia (8/11 pacientes), seguida de fêmur (7/11), úmero (6/11), rádio (4/11), ulna (3/11) e fíbula (2/11). Nenhum paciente apresentou regressão das alterações radiográficas durante o tempo de evolução (até 1,1 ano após a suspensão do alendronato). CONCLUSÃO: Se usado com critério, o alendronato é seguro e as alterações radiográficas não mostraram ter um significado mais importante. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Bisphosphonates inhibit bone resorption by interfering with the action of osteoclasts. Among the adverse effects, sclerotic lines observed in the metaphysis of long bones have been described as the main imaging finding in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of radi [...] ographic changes caused by alendronate in children and adolescents with low bone density or calcinosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 21 patients who were treated with once-weekly alendronate for at least 10 months. Patients underwent x-rays of long bones before the start of alendronate and approximately one year after its use. RESULTS: Eleven patients (52.3%) had sclerotic lines in the metaphysis of long bones. The most frequent site was the tibia (8/11 patients), followed by the femur (7/11), humerus (6/11), radius (4/11), ulna (3/11), and fibula (2/11). Regression of radiographic changes during the study period (up to 1.1 years after discontinuation of alendronate) was not observed. CONCLUSION: If used carefully, alendronate is safe and radiographic changes have not been shown to be clinically relevant.

  10. Review of nomenclature revision of fibro-ossous lesions in the maxillofacial region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do [Wonkwang Univ. School of Dentistry, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-03-15

    Fibro-osseous lesions are composed of connective tissue and varying amount of mineralized substances, which may be bony or cementum-like structures. It is necessary for oral radiologist to differentiate due to the tendency of these fibro-osseous lesions to show similar histopathologic appearances, while the management of each lesion is different. However we often encounter a little difficulty in judgement because there are some overlaps between concept of each lesions. So recently I suggest, we face a need to review basic concept and classification of several fibro-osseous jaw lesions. In this article, several fibro-osseous lesions, such as fibrous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma and cemento-osseous dysplasia, will be discussed basing on the review of literature. Particular emphasis will be made on the nomenclature revision of WHO's classification in 1992.

  11. Evaluation of the Rib Lesions by Bone Scanning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to establish criteria for distinguishing between occult fracture and metastases, we have reviewed 52 records of cancer patients and 24 of rib fracture patients referred for bone scanning. In 52 patients with biopsy-proven malignancy, multiple linear increased uptake of the ribs was found in 32 cases(61.5%), and was the most common finding. In 24 patients with rib fracture, all but 1 had fecal increased uptake of the ribs, and lesions almost always aligned in a row. By analyzing the appearance of rib lesions in total 76 patients, it was concluded that there is a high probability that rib lesions detected by bone scanning are bony metastases if 1) they are multiple linear as opposed to fecal, and 2) they are not aligned in the same location

  12. Arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus mimicking intraosseous lesions of the skull base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jalali, Elnaz; Tadinada, Aditya [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington (United States)

    2015-03-15

    Arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus is a developmental variant that is not always well recognized and is often confused with other pathologies associated with the skull base. This report describes the case of a patient referred for cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging for dental implant therapy. CBCT demonstrated a well-defined incidental lesion in the left sphenoid sinus with soft tissue-like density and sclerotic borders with internal curvilinear opacifications. The differential diagnoses included intraosseous lipoma, arrested pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus, chondrosarcoma, chondroid chordoma, and ossifying fibroma. The radiographic diagnosis of arrested pneumatization was based on the location of the lesion, its well-defined nature, the presence of internal opacifications, and lack of expansion. Gray-scale CBCT imaging of the area demonstrated values similar to fatty tissue. This case highlighted the fact that benign developmental variants associated with the skull base share similar radiographic features with more serious pathological entities.

  13. Femoral arterial puncture: comparison of using the inguinal crease and bony landmarks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We tried to compare the accuracy of using bony landmarks and inguinal crease landmarks for performing femoral artery puncture and to determine an ideal puncture site. We studied ninety consecutive patients who underwent femoral arterial puncture for performing angiogram. For the evaluation of bony landmarks, the pelvis and inguinal areas were divided into 8 zones according to 7 lines that were drawn parallel to the line drawn between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic tubercle. For evaluation of the inguinal crease as a landmark, the 8 zones above and 4 zones below the inguinal crease were determined. The zones were divided by 11 lines drawn parallel to the inguinal crease, and the interval between each line was 1 cm. Locations of the inguinal ligament and femoral bifurcation were recorded for every patient according to the above zones, and an ideal zone for the femoral arterial puncture was decided upon. The ideal zone was considered if the locations of all of inguinal ligaments were above the zone and the least possibility to puncture was below the femoral bifurcation. On the bony landmark, the femoral bifurcations were located at zone 3 in 1 patient (1.1%), at zone 4 in 2 patients (2.2%), at zone 5 in 3 patients (3.3%), at zone 6 in 24 patients (26.7%), and at zone 7 in 44 patients (48.9%). Inguinal ligaments were at zone 1 in 2 patient (3.0%), at zone 2 in 34 patients (50.7%), at zone 3 in 25 patients (37.3%), and at zone 4 in 6 patients (8.9%). When the inguinal creases were used as a landmark, the femoral bifurcations were located at zone 4 in 4 patients (4.4%), at zone 3 in 19 patients (21.1%). at zone 2 in 30 patients (33.3%), at zone 1 in 19 patients (21.1%), at zone -1 in 13 patients (14.4%), at zone -2 in 3 patients (3.3%) and at zone -4 in 2 patients (2.2%). Inguinal ligaments were at zone 8 in 7 patients (10.4%), at zone 7 in 11 patients (16.4%), at zone 6 in 19 patients (28.4%), at zone 5 in 20 patients (29.9%), at zone 4 in 7 patients (10.4%), and at zone 3 in 3 patients (4.5%). Therefore, the best zone for femoral arterial puncture was zone 5 with using bony landmarks and zone 2 with using inguinal crease landmarks. In terms of zone 5 on the bony landmark, every locations of inguinal ligaments was above it and 84 patients (93.4%) had their femoral bifurcation below it, excluding the 6 patients who had their femoral bifurcations at zones 3, 4, and 5. Therefore, zone 5 with using the bony landmarks was a good indicator for femoral arterial puncture. In case of zone 2 on the inguinal crease landmark, although every location of the inguinal ligament was above it, 53 patients (58.8%) had their femoral bifurcation above it at zone 4, 3, and 2. So, it was not a good indicator for femoral arterial puncture. Bony landmarks are more accurate indicators for performing femoral arterial puncture than the inguinal crease landmark. Zone 5 on the bony landmark is an ideal location for femoral arterial puncture

  14. Medial depression with bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation: CT evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the incidence and CT findings of the medial depression and bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation. 1472 PNS CTs of the patients with symptoms of chronic sinusitis were retrospectively evaluated. The total incidence of depressed lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation was 3.5%(52/1472) on PNS CT. There was a statistically significant correlation between the increasing age and the incidence of depressed lamina papyracea. Depression of lamina papyracea anterior to the basal lamella were more common than those of the posterior depression. Associated findings were herniation of adjacent fatty tissue in all cases and the medial bowing and hypertrophied configuration of the medial rectus muscle without significant herniation in 19 cases(34%). Nontraumatic, asymptomatic depression with bony dehiscence of lamina papyracea as an anatomic variation is not uncommon with the incidence of 3.5%. Recognition of its existence and degree may be helpful in avoiding various ocular complication during ethmoid surgery

  15. Knee joint secondary motion accuracy improved by quaternion-based optimizer with bony landmark constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongsheng; Zheng, Naiqaun Nigel

    2010-12-01

    Skin marker-based motion analysis has been widely used in biomechanical studies and clinical applications. Unfortunately, the accuracy of knee joint secondary motions is largely limited by the nonrigidity nature of human body segments. Numerous studies have investigated the characteristics of soft tissue movement. Utilizing these characteristics, we may improve the accuracy of knee joint motion measurement. An optimizer was developed by incorporating the soft tissue movement patterns at special bony landmarks into constraint functions. Bony landmark constraints were assigned to the skin markers at femur epicondyles, tibial plateau edges, and tibial tuberosity in a motion analysis algorithm by limiting their allowed position space relative to the underlying bone. The rotation matrix was represented by quaternion, and the constrained optimization problem was solved by Fletcher's version of the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization technique. The algorithm was validated by using motion data from both skin-based markers and bone-mounted markers attached to fresh cadavers. By comparing the results with the ground truth bone motion generated from the bone-mounted markers, the new algorithm had a significantly higher accuracy (root-mean-square (RMS) error: 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in axial rotation and 0.4 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus) in estimating the knee joint secondary rotations than algorithms without bony landmark constraints (RMS error: 1.7 ± 0.4 deg in axial rotation and 0.7 ± 0.1 deg in varus-valgus). Also, it predicts a more accurate medial-lateral translation (RMS error: 0.4 ± 0.1 mm) than the conventional techniques (RMS error: 1.2 ± 0.2 mm). The new algorithm, using bony landmark constrains, estimates more accurate secondary rotations and medial-lateral translation of the underlying bone. PMID:21142329

  16. Treatment of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer by Samarium 153 (Quadramet)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: SUMMARY. Introduction: Despite of the progress realized in the treatment of prostatic cancer, the appearance of bony metastasis had limited considerably the life expectancy. In that case, pain is the most important symptom to consider because of its most frequency and the most difficult to manage. Its management needs a multidisciplinary approach with the objective of improving patients' life quality. Aim: The objective of the study was to evaluate the interest of metabolic radiotherapy to 153Samarium-EDTMP, for the pain treatment of bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. Material and method: This was a multicentric study where data were collected retrospectively lasting 40 months. The study was conducted in three departments of nuclear medicine: Institute Salah Azaiez, the center 'CERU', and military hospital of Tunis. Forty five patients with painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer had been enrolled in the study. Efficacy and factors influencing treatment response had been assessed as well as toxicity and the cause of failures. Results: Positive response was obtained in 92.1% of cases and response was completed in 36.5% of cases. Results obtained after multiple administrations of treatment, showed that the cures could be repeated and could have results comparable to the first cure. The efficacy of our treatment is at least equivalent to the one obtained by the other methods of treatment, with very rare adverse events. The only toxicity was a hematological disorder that is usually moderated and reversible as well with complete recovery in around 8 weeks. Conclusion: Our results supported the efficacy of 'Samarium 153-EDTMP' in the management of painful bony metastasis of prostatic cancer. (author)

  17. Management of Extensive Maxillofacial Trauma With Bony Foreign Body Within the Orbit From a Chainsaw Injury

    OpenAIRE

    Craft, Randall O.; Eberlin, Kyle R.; Stella, Michael H.; Caterson, Edward J.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The goal of this case report is to characterize injury patterns typical for chainsaw injuries to the face. We describe our approach to the soft tissue and skeletal injury patterns seen in these injuries. Methods: We present a case report of a traumatic chainsaw injury to the face. Results: A literature review of the typical injury patterns seen in chainsaw injuries to the face is discussed. Fractures to the bony orbit are on of the most common findings. Traumatic orbital fractures ...

  18. Valor predicts the thyroid hormones in the evolution the transplant bony marrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work you values the valor I predict the thyroid hormones in the bony marrow transplant evolution as factors the metabolisms oxidative and the synthesis albumins. The patients received conditioning treatments to the transplant and in the postoperational. The received radiations were 1000 cGy lateral cube, with blocking lung, to those that were subjected 3 sessions irradiation, they are practiced a transplant marrow allogeneic

  19. Correction of bony deformities around knee by hemicallotasis using an innovative apparatus

    OpenAIRE

    Kundu Z; Sangwan S; Siwach R; Guliani Gulshan

    2005-01-01

    Background: Valgus and varus deformities around the knee are common. Various osteotomies and apparatuses have been described to correct these deformities. Methods: Bony deformities around knee joint in thirty patients (36 joints) were corrected by osteotomy in upper tibia or lower femur which was stabilized and distracted with innovatively designed and locally fabricated T-shaped external fixator-cum-distractor. The age of the patients ranged from 5 to 48 years. The causes of deformities w...

  20. On the biology of the bony otic capsule and the pathogenesis of otosclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Sune Land

    2012-01-01

    In human otosclerosis, focal pathological bone remodeling occurs in significant amounts inside the normally anti-resorptive perilabyrinthine domain of the bony otic capsule. Otosclerosis causes hearing loss in 0.2-0.5% of the population by ankylosis of the footplate. The disease cannot be predicted, avoided or medically reversed as the pathogenesis remains unknown. Previously genetic research has failed to identify a specific otosclerosis-gene and earlier theories of virus infections, autoimmuni...

  1. Osteoid Osteoma Presenting as a Painful Solitary Skull Lesion: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saeed Ahmadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Osteomas are asymptomatic and rare slow growing bony tumors in temporal bone, and should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic solitary skull lesions. Sometimes is associated with pain and functional loss. Only a few cases have been reported.   Case Report: We describe a case of an osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone (mastoid in a 31-year-old woman presenting as painful solitary tumor of calvarium and its management. The resection of whole bony tumor was performed using the retroauricular approach. Pathologic evaluation revealed the osteoid osteoma.    Conclusion: Although osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone is rare, it should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic skull lesions. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic osteomas or cosmetic reasons. 

  2. Destructive, granulating lesion in the temporal bone after elevated plasma homocysteine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonding, Per; Skriver, Elisabeth; Helin, Pekka; Qvortrup, Klaus

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This is a presentation of a seemingly new otolaryngologic disease. SETTING: This study was conducted at a tertiary referral center. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old healthy man developed left-sided sudden deafness with vertigo and temporary left facial palsy. A granulating and destructive lesion in the left temporal bone was discovered; repeated histologic examination only showed simple granulation tissue. After 6 months, a part of the bony cochlea was extruded. With approximately 8 months'...

  3. Endoscopic Orientation of the Parasellar Region in Sphenoid Sinus with Ill-Defined Bony Landmarks: An Anatomic Study

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Sameh M.; Ashraf Y. Nasr; Hamid A. Saleh; Foad, Mohamed M.; Herzallah, Islam R.

    2010-01-01

    The sphenoid bony landmarks are important for endoscopic orientation in skull base surgery but show a wide range of variations. We aimed to describe an instructional model for the endoscopic parasellar anatomy in sphenoid sinuses with ill-defined bony landmarks. Five preserved injected cadaveric heads and four sides of dry skulls were studied endoscopically via transethmoid, transsphenoidal approach. The parasellar region was exposed by drilling along the maxillary nerve (V2) canal [the lengt...

  4. Taxonomic Composition and Trophic Structure of the Continental Bony Fish Assemblage from the Early Late Cretaceous of Southeastern Morocco

    OpenAIRE

    Cavin, Lionel; Boudad, Larbi; Tong, Haiyan; Läng, Emilie; Tabouelle, Jérôme; Vullo, Romain

    2015-01-01

    The mid-Cretaceous vertebrate assemblage from south-eastern Morocco is one of the most diversified continental vertebrate assemblages of this time worldwide. The bony fish component (coelacanths, lungfishes and ray-finned fishes) is represented by relatively complete specimens and, mostly, by fragmentary elements scattered along 250 kilometres of outcrops. Here we revisit the bony fish assemblage by studying both isolated remains collected during several fieldtrips and more complete material ...

  5. Unique psoriatic lesion versus multiple lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Anca Chiriac; Piotr Brzezinski; Liliana Foia; Anca E Chiriac; Tudor Pinteala; Caius Solovan

    2014-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the number of lesions of psoriasis and to find risk factors for multiple lesions. Material and Methods: 1,236 patients (male 54.13%, female 45.87%) with psoriasis were seen over a period of 8 years in an Outpatient Clinic. Patients filled out questionnaires containing age at onset, number of lesions and location at the beginning of the disease, gender, type and localization of psoriasis at the time of clinical examination, psoriasis family history, previous treatment, co...

  6. Spinal metastatic lesion in cancer patients. Investigation based on statistical analysis by bone scintigrams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a series of 2,216 cancer patients undergoing bone scintigraphy after diagnosis of the primary malignant tumor, 558 (25.2%) were found to have abnormal vertebral accumulation of radioactivity during the clinical course. Abnormal radioactivity in the vertebrae was frequently noted in patients with prostatic and renal cancer. The lumbar vertebrae were the most frequent sites but the cervical vertebrae were also affected with prostatic cancer, the thoracic vertebrae with lung and prostatic cancer, the lumbar vertebrae with breast and prostatic cancer and the sacral vertebrae with uterine cervical and prostatic cancer. Of the 558 patients with abnormal spinal radioactivity, 221 were examined by CT scan; the accumulated radioactivity was identified as a metastatic lesion in 170 patients (76.9%). Abnormal radioactivity was identified as a metastatic lesion most often in lung cancer patients. The CT-diagnosed metastases were classified into 3 types: sclerotic (51 patients, 30.0%), osteolytic (112, 65.9%), and mixed (46, 27.1%). The sclerotic type was relatively frequent in uterine cervical cancer, less frequent in lung cancer, and not seen in head and neck or renal cancer patients. The osteolytic type was relatively frequent in lung and renal cancer and less frequent in uterine cervical and prostatic cancer patients. Of the patients with CT-diagnosed vertebral metastasis, 87.3% survived for 3 months and 66.2% for 6 months after the detection of abnormal bone scintigraphy. Survival was shorter in patients with lung or gastrointestinal cancer than in those with other types of tumors. Since the pathology of vertebral metastasis of malignant tumors differs according to the primary lesion, the metastatic nature must be considered in the choice of treatment. (author)

  7. Bony fish bycatch in the southern Brazil pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis fishery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Vianna

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis catches also large quantities of fish, mostly bony fish, which are discarded, as they have no commercial value. Their composition and abundance were studied in an area that corresponded to the southeastern coastline of Brazil. Ninety one species were registered. Incidental fishing affected mainly small individuals and occured throughout the year. The year round rate of bony fish to shrimp catches was 10,5:1,0. Three assemblages of bony fishes could be identified, influenced by the seasonal variation of the water masses, the predominant group being associated with the Coastal Water, another with the penetration of colder waters onto the platform (SACW and a third group of a more homogenous distribution. The most critical period identified for the bycatch capture was the beginning of the winter, which was due to the overlapping of fish assemblages and the peak of fishing recruitment.A pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão-rosa, captura grande quantidade de peixes, em sua maioria teleósteos, que são rejeitados por não possuírem valor comercial. A composição e abundância destes foram estudadas em uma área no litoral sudeste do Brasil. Registramos 91 espécies e observou-se que a pesca incidental age principalmente sobre indivíduos jovens e ocorre durante o ano todo, produzindo um relação entre teleóteos e camarão de 10,5:1,0. Foram identificadas três ictiocenoses influenciadas pela sazonalidade das massas d'água, ocorrendo uma predominante associada a Água Costeira, outra associada a penetração da ACAS na plataforma e uma terceira com distribuição mais homogênea. O período mais crítico, para a captura da ictiofauna acompanhante, é o inicio do inverno devido a sobreposição de ictiocenoses e pico de recrutamento pesqueiro.

  8. Bony fish bycatch in the southern Brazil pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) fishery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marcelo, Vianna; Tabajara, Almeida.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available A pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão-rosa, captura grande quantidade de peixes, em sua maioria teleósteos, que são rejeitados por não possuírem valor comercial. A composição e abundância destes foram estudadas em uma área no litoral sudeste do Brasil. Registramos 91 espécies e observou-se que a [...] pesca incidental age principalmente sobre indivíduos jovens e ocorre durante o ano todo, produzindo um relação entre teleóteos e camarão de 10,5:1,0. Foram identificadas três ictiocenoses influenciadas pela sazonalidade das massas d'água, ocorrendo uma predominante associada a Água Costeira, outra associada a penetração da ACAS na plataforma e uma terceira com distribuição mais homogênea. O período mais crítico, para a captura da ictiofauna acompanhante, é o inicio do inverno devido a sobreposição de ictiocenoses e pico de recrutamento pesqueiro. Abstract in english Trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) catches also large quantities of fish, mostly bony fish, which are discarded, as they have no commercial value. Their composition and abundance were studied in an area that corresponded to the southeastern coastline of Brazil. [...] Ninety one species were registered. Incidental fishing affected mainly small individuals and occured throughout the year. The year round rate of bony fish to shrimp catches was 10,5:1,0. Three assemblages of bony fishes could be identified, influenced by the seasonal variation of the water masses, the predominant group being associated with the Coastal Water, another with the penetration of colder waters onto the platform (SACW) and a third group of a more homogenous distribution. The most critical period identified for the bycatch capture was the beginning of the winter, which was due to the overlapping of fish assemblages and the peak of fishing recruitment.

  9. Check – list of Bony Fish Collected from the Coast of Syria

    OpenAIRE

    *(1), Adib Saad

    2005-01-01

    A check- list of bony fish in the Mediterranean coast of Syria was carried out. It appeared that the marine fish fauna in this area is dominated by the family of Sparidae (9.82%) represented by 22 species, followed by Blennidae (5.80%) represented by 13 species, then Carangidae and Gobiidae (4.90%) with 11 species each, Labridae and Serranidae (4.45%) with 10 species each, Scombridae (4.05%) represented by 9 species, and finally Clupeidae, Mugilidae and Triglidae (3.12%) with 7 species each. ...

  10. Epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma in nasal cavity with bony destruction: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Ho Jin; Lee, Byung Hoon; Hwang, Yoon Joon; Kim, Su Young [Dept. of Radiology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, Goyang , (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare tumor that commonly involves the salivary glands. EMC arising from the nasal cavity is one of the most unusual cases. We describe a case of a 48-year-old patient who is presented with bilateral nasal obstruction for several months. Multidetector computed tomography reveals expansile, well-defined, heterogeneous enhancing soft tissue masses filling the nasal cavity with bony destruction of hard palate and maxillary alveolar ridge. The carcinoma was histologically characterized by a mixture of trabecular structure with myoepithelial cells and ductal cells, which are confirmed by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry.

  11. Bony fusion of the maxilla and mandible as a sequelae of noma: A rare case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awasthi, Ujjwala Rastogi; Mody, Bharat M.; Suma, Gundareddy N.; Garg, Shruti

    2015-01-01

    Noma is a gangrenous disease of the orofacial region that leads to severe facial tissue destruction and is a significant cause of death among children. With the advent of modern antibiotics and improved nutrition, children with noma may survive into adulthood, but must face the challenge of undergoing repair of the sequelae of noma. This report describes a case of bony fusion of the maxilla and mandible in a 28-year-old female patient, which was a sequelae of a childhood case of noma. PMID:26389063

  12. The relationship of transverse sinus stenosis to bony groove dimensions provides an insight into the aetiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transverse sinus tapered narrowings are frequently identified in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH); however, it remains unclear whether they are primary stenoses or whether they occur secondary to raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Computed tomographic venography demonstrates both the morphology of the venous system and the adjacent bony grooves so it may provide an insight into the aetiology of these transverse sinus stenoses. Tapered transverse sinus narrowings (>50%) were studied in 19 patients without IIH and 14 patients with IIH. Computed tomography vascular studies were reviewed and the dimensions of the venous sinuses and bony grooves at the sites of maximum and minimum transverse sinus area dimensions were recorded. There was demonstrated to be a strong correlation of bony groove height with venous sinus height at the largest portions of the transverse sinus in both IIH patients and non-IIH subjects as well as at the transverse sinus narrowing in non-IIH subjects. There was a discordant relationship between bony groove height and venous sinus height at the site of transverse sinus stenoses in IIH patients. In 5/23 IIH transverse sinus stenoses, the bony groove height was proportionate to that seen in non-IIH subjects. There were a further 8/23 cases where the small or absent sinus was associated with an absent bony groove. Transverse sinus tapered narrowings in subjects without IIH and in the majority of patients with IIH were associated with proportionately small or absent grooves, and these are postulated to be primary or fixed. Some patients with IIH demonstrate tapered transverse sinus stenoses with disproportionately large bony grooves, suggesting a secondary or acquired narrowing. This implies a varied aetiology for the transverse sinus stenoses of IIH. (orig.)

  13. Morphometrical study of bony elements of the forelimb fetlock joints in horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alrtib, A M; Philip, C J; Abdunnabi, A H; Davies, H M S

    2013-02-01

    There are many reports describing fractures in the bony elements of the equine fetlock joint and a few of these discuss possible relationships of these fractures to the mechanical loading of these bones. The likelihood of fracture must be related to the size and shape of bones involved, but information concerning the normal range in size and shape of these bones in horses is lacking. This study aimed to identify morphometrical variations of these bones within different groups of horses. Right and left metacarpal, proximal phalangeal and proximal sesamoid bones were collected from 10 Thoroughbreds (TB), five Standardbreds (SB) and eight Ponies (P) euthanized for non-orthopaedic reasons. All bones were boiled, cleaned and dried. Dimensional parameters were measured using a custom-built apparatus, calliper and plastic tape. The width and depth of the medial condyles of Mc3 were greater than the lateral condyles in all groups. The length to the lateral condyle was greater than the length to the medial condyle of Mc3, and the lengths of the lateral sides of the Mc3 and P1 bones were greater than the lengths of the medial sides in both forelimbs of all groups. The lateral sesamoids were similar to, or larger than, the medial sesamoids in all dimensions. There were some morphometrical variations in the bony elements of the equine fetlock joints in all groups. PMID:22571501

  14. Bony anatomic variants of the paranasal sinuses and nasal septum. Comparison between normal and chronic sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agger nasi cells, concha bullosa, Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were evaluated with coronal plane computerized tomographic (CT) scanning in patients with normal paranasal sinuses (44 cases) and patients with chronic sinusitis (91 cases). Agger nasi cells were present in 68 (50.4%) of cases. Concha bullosa was present in 39 cases (28.9%), Haller's cells were present in 15 cases (11.1%), and deviation of the nasal septum was present in 64 cases (47.4%). Haller's cells were more commonly encountered in cases with normal paranasal sinuses (20.5%), than in cases with chronic sinusitis (6.6%). Other bony structural variations were noted at a similar frequency in both groups. Each sinus (frontal sinus, ethmoid sinus, maxillary sinus and sphenoid sinus) of patients with chronic sinusitis was then evaluated separately. Agger nasi cells were observed more frequently in chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis compared to subjects with normal sinuses. Concha bullosa was observed more frequently in cases with normal frontal sinuses and ethmoid sinuses than in cases of chronic frontal sinusitis and ethmoid sinusitis. Haller's cells and deviation of the nasal septum were observed at a similar frequency in both groups. Based on these results, it was thought that these bony structural variations sometimes disturbed the reopening of the normal ventilation and drainage pathways of the paranasal sinuses at the stage of acute sinusitis. These nasal ventilatory disturbances may predispose the patient to recurrent sinusitis, and may finally result in chronic sinusitis. (author)

  15. An osseous lesion in a 10-year-old boy with Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moser Asher

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Osseous involvement of Hodgkin's lymphoma is uncommon. When osteolytic lesions are seen on imaging it is important to evaluate potential other causes. Case presentation We report the case of a 10-year-old Caucasian boy who presented to our facility with a bony lesion of the right clavicle and enlarged cervical lymph nodes. A simultaneous biopsy of the lymph node and of the osteolytic process of his right proximal clavicle was performed and revealed two different kinds of lesions: a mixed cellularity Hodgkin's lymphoma and an osteochondroma. Conclusions Since the latter is a common benign bone tumor, which should not interfere with the staging of the lymphoma, we emphasize the importance of ensuring that all efforts are made to acquire a diagnostic biopsy of all atypical lesions.

  16. Periodontal bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the course of life the periodontum is subject to changes which may be physiological or pathological. Intraoral radiographs give insight into the hard structures of the dentomaxillar region and provides information on lesions in the bone of the periodontum in that they show radiopacities and radiolucencies caused by such lesions. In this thesis the relation is investigated between the true shape and dimensions of periodontal bone lesions and their radiographic images. A method is developed and tested of making standardized and reproducible radiographs suitable for longitudinal studies of periodontal lesions. Also the possibility is demonstrated of an objective and reproducible interpretation of radiographic characteristics of periodontal bone lesions. (Auth.)

  17. Clinical evaluation of an all-in-one adhesive in non-carious cervical lesions with different degrees of dentin sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, André V; Heymann, Harald O; Swift, Edward J; Sturdevant, John R; Wilder, Aldridge D

    2008-01-01

    This randomized clinical trial compared the performance of an all-in-one adhesive (iBond) applied in sclerotic and non-sclerotic non-carious cervical lesions with that of a three-step etch-prime-bond adhesive (Gluma Solid Bond, SB). One-hundred and five lesions were randomly assigned to four groups according to adhesive, sclerosis scale and technique: 1) SB applied to lesions with sclerosis scale 1 and 2 (n=26); 2) iBond applied to lesions with sclerosis scale 1 and 2 (n=28); 3) iBond applied to lesions with sclerosis scale 3 and 4 (n=25) and 4) iBond applied with prior acid-etching to lesions with sclerosis scale 3 and 4 (n=26). A microfilled composite (Durafill VS) was used as the restorative material. The restorations were evaluated for retention, color match, marginal adaptation, anatomic form, cavosurface margin discoloration, secondary caries, pre- and post-operative sensitivity, surface texture and fracture at insertion (baseline), 6, 18 months and at 3 years using modified USPHS evaluation criteria (Alfa=excellent; Bravo=clinically acceptable; Charlie=clinically unacceptable). There was a high percentage of Bravo scores for marginal adaptation (4%-32%) and marginal discoloration (18%-60%) in Groups 2, 3 and 4, but all groups had <5% Charlie scores at 6 months and <10% Charlie scores at 18 months for retention and marginal discoloration, respectively. However, it should be noted that 13% of the restorations in Group 4 were not retained at three years. PMID:18666493

  18. Two-year clinical evaluation of three adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Evrim Eliguzeloglu, Dalkilic; Huma, Omurlu.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Adhesive systems are continuously being introduced to Dentistry, unfortunately often without sufficient clinical validation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of cervical restorations done with three different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 158 non-c [...] arious cervical lesions of 23 patients were restored with a nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme, 3M/ESPE) combined with Single Bond (3M/ESPE, group SI), Clearfil SE (Kuraray Medical Inc., group CL) and Xeno III (De Trey Dentsply, group XE). In groups SI-B, CL-B and XE-B, the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin was removed by roughening with a diamond bur before application of the respective adhesive systems. In groups CL-BP and XE-BP, after removal of the outer surface of the sclerotic dentin with the bur, the remaining dentin was etched with 37% phosphoric acid and the self-etch adhesive systems Clearfil SE and Xeno III were applied, respectively. Lesions were evaluated at baseline, and restorations after 3 months, 1 year and 2 years using modified USPHS criteria. RESULTS: After 2 years, no significant difference was found between the retention rates of the groups (p >0.05). Although groups CL and SI showed significantly better marginal adaptation than group XE (p0.05). After 2 years no significant difference was observed among the marginal staining results of all groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Although all adhesive systems showed similar retention rates, Clearfil SE and Single Bond showed better marginal adaptation than Xeno III after 2 years of follow-up.

  19. A dose-response relationship for time to bone pain resolution after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bony metastases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. To investigate the utility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of painful renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases, and for a possible dose effect on time to symptom relief. Material and methods. Eighteen patients with 24 painful osseous lesions from metastatic RCC were treated with SBRT. The most common treatment regimens were 24 Gy in 3 fractions and 40 Gy in 5 fractions. The times from treatment to first reported pain relief and time to symptom recurrence were evaluated. Median follow-up was 38 weeks (1-156 weeks). Results. Seventy-eight percent of all patients had pain relief. Patients treated with a BED > 85 Gy achieved faster and more durable pain relief compared to those treated with a BED < 85 Gy. There was decrease in time to pain relief after a change in treatment regimen to 8 Gy x 5 fractions (BED = 86). There was only one patient with grade 1 skin toxicity. No neurological or other toxicity was observed. Conclusions. SBRT can safely and effectively treat painful RCC bony metastases. There appears to be a relationship between radiation dose and time to stable pain relief

  20. A dose-response relationship for time to bone pain resolution after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bony metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jhaveri, Pavan M. [Dept. of Radiology, Section of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (United States); Teh, Bin S.; Paulino, Arnold C.; Blanco, Angel I.; Butler, E. Brian [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital/The Methodist Hospital Research Inst., Houston (United States)], email: bteh@tmhs.org; Lo, Simon S. [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland (United States); Amato, Robert J. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Div. of Oncology, Univ. of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston (United States)

    2012-05-15

    Background. To investigate the utility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of painful renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases, and for a possible dose effect on time to symptom relief. Material and methods. Eighteen patients with 24 painful osseous lesions from metastatic RCC were treated with SBRT. The most common treatment regimens were 24 Gy in 3 fractions and 40 Gy in 5 fractions. The times from treatment to first reported pain relief and time to symptom recurrence were evaluated. Median follow-up was 38 weeks (1-156 weeks). Results. Seventy-eight percent of all patients had pain relief. Patients treated with a BED > 85 Gy achieved faster and more durable pain relief compared to those treated with a BED < 85 Gy. There was decrease in time to pain relief after a change in treatment regimen to 8 Gy x 5 fractions (BED = 86). There was only one patient with grade 1 skin toxicity. No neurological or other toxicity was observed. Conclusions. SBRT can safely and effectively treat painful RCC bony metastases. There appears to be a relationship between radiation dose and time to stable pain relief.

  1. Description of patients with bony tumors treated with prosthesis in reconstruction in the Servicio de Ortopedia at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia 2000-2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of prosthesis in reconstruction for the management of extensive tumor bone lesions. The study of six patients treated is performed at the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia, who were treated for aggressive tumors in the period 2001-2006. Bony tumors are conceptualized, as well as fundamental aspects of cell biology in its development and the classification of the same. Also, relevant information is included with relation to the most frequent indications and possible treatments. In all six cases was placed the rescue prosthesis, four of them has been obtained excellent results. Limb amputation has been the only alternative until the decade of the 70 and survival rates with this treatment were 10 to 20% survival at 5 years. Today, with advances in chemotherapy and limb salvage prosthesis, patients without metastases at diagnosis have a survival of 65 to 75% at five years. The study has made it possible to simultaneously to analyze some aspects of care to these patients; such as: time of biopsy, time of diagnosis, time of initiation of chemotherapy and surgical intervention time. Through this study has concluded that when referring to a malignant tumor of bone is absolutely essential that the process of diagnosis and initiation of treatment of limb salvage surgery are addressed as soon as possible. Finally, some recommendations are raised to strengthen the treatment of malignant tumors in the Hospital Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia. (author)

  2. Reconstruction of bony facial contour deficiencies with polymethylmethacrylate implants: case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ruy C. C., Abdo Filho; Thais M., Oliveira; Natalino, Lourenço Neto; Carla, Gurgel; Ruy C.C., Abdo.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Facial trauma can be considered one of the most serious aggressions found in the medical centers due to the emotional consequences and the possibility of deformity. In craniofacial surgery, the use of autologous bone is still the first choice for reconstructing bony defects or irregularities. When t [...] here is a shortage of donor bone or a patient refuses an intracranial operation, alloplastic materials such as polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) can be used. The PMMA prosthesis can be pre-fabricated, bringing advantages such as reduction of surgical time, easy technical handling and good esthetic results. This paper describes the procedures for rehabilitating a patient with PMMA implants in the region of the face, recovering the facial contours and esthetics of the patient.

  3. Myelotoxicity of Samarium Sm153 lexidronam in patients with painful bony metastases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows. Introduction: the management of bone pain includes analgesia, radiation, hormones, radiofrequency (RF) ablation, chemotherapy, and surgery. Bone pain palliation therapy with radiopharmaceuticals is a cost-effective systemic therapy to relieve pain from skeletal metastases with a consequent decrease in morbidity and an improvement in quality of life. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of myelotoxicity of samarium lexidronam (Sm153) in patients with painful bony metastasis. Methods: we reviewed 116 patients aged from 14 to 87 years old, 91 males (78%) and 25 females (22%), having received 1 to 4 treatments of Sm153 (37 MBq/kg) for painful bony metastases from different primitive tumors: 67 cases of prostate cancer (57.7%), 22 cases of breast cancer (18.9%), 10 cases of pulmonary cancer (8.6%) and others in 14.6% of cases. Clinical follow-up was available for 159 treatments, consisting on blood count each week over at least two months, in order to evaluate myelotoxicity according to WHO classification. Results: no patients had grade 4 toxicity after its cures. A grade 2-3 myelotoxicity was observed after 52 treatments (34%) during the second week and after 50 treatments (32.6%) during the fourth week with a satisfactory reversibility. At 10 weeks of treatment, myelotoxicity was reclassified from 0 to 2 for 139 cures (90,8%). Moreover, we found that prior treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy did not affect the rates of myelotoxicity. Conclusion: multiple treatments with samarium Sm153 lexidronam had no significant effect on myelotoxicity. Patients with bone predominant metastatic disease may survive for extended periods of time and may safely be treated with multiple modalities of therapy. (authors)

  4. A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

  5. A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Jeong Shin; Park, Chang Seo [Department of Dentistry, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-08-15

    Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

  6. Target volume geometric change and/or deviation from the cranium during fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for brain metastases: potential pitfalls in image guidance based on bony anatomy alignment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study sought to evaluate the potential geometrical change and/or displacement of the target relative to the cranium during fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for treating newly developed brain metastases. For 16 patients with 21 lesions treated with image-guided frameless FSRT in 5 or 10 fractions using a 6-degree-of-freedom image guidance system-integrated platform, the unenhanced computed tomography or T2-weighted magnetic resonance images acquired until the completion of FSRT were fused to the planning image datasets for comparison. Significant change was defined as ?3-mm change in the tumour diameter or displacement of the tumour centroid. FSRT was started 1 day after planning image acquisition. Tumour shrinkage, deviation and both were observed in 2, 1 and 1 of the 21 lesions, respectively, over a period of 7–13 days. Tumour shrinkage or deviation resulted in an increase or decrease in the marginal dose to the tumour, respectively, and a substantial increase in the irradiated volume for the surrounding tissue irrespective of the pattern of alteration. No obvious differences in the clinical and treatment characteristics were noted among the populations with or without significant changes in tumour volume or position. Target deformity and/or deviation can unexpectedly occur even during relatively short-course FSRT, inevitably leading to a gradual discrepancy between the planned and actually delivered doses to the tumour and surrounding tissue. To appropriately weigh the treatment outcome against the planned dose distribution, target deformity and/or deviation should also be considered in addition to the immobilisation accuracy, as image guidance with bony anatomy alignment does not necessarily guarantee accurate target localisation until completion of FSRT.

  7. Surgical method of fixed needle extrusion in treatment of bony mallet finger and evaluation on curative effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the surgical method of bony mallet finger and to evaluate the clinical effect of fixed needle extrusion in treatment of bony mallet finger. Methods: 28 patients with bony mallet finger were treated with kirschner needle extrusion to reset the fracture fragments and fix the fracture. The flexion or extension of distal interphalangeal joint (DIP), fracture healing and postoperative complications of the patients were observed. Results: 27 patients were followed-up for 14 months. Crawford assessment standard was used to assess the efficacy. Before operation, the DIP extension limitation of 10°-25° or obvious flexion obstacles existed in 8 cases (29.6% ); the DIP extension limited by greater than 25° or the presence of persistent pain existed in 20 patients (70.4% ). After operation, the fully active flexion and extension of DIP without pain in resting or action existed in 21 cases (77.8% ); the full flexion of DIP, extension limitation from 0° to 10° without pain in resting state existed in 6 cases (22.2% ). All fractures in the patients healed, and the joint face apposition was good without osteomyelitis and wound complications such as infection, necrosis and recurrence of mallet finger deformity. Conclusion: Kirschner needle extrusion fixation method for the treatment of bony mallet finger is a simple method with satisfactory curative effect. (authors)

  8. Quantitative computed tomography as a test of endurance for evaluation of bony plates; Utilizacao da tomografia computadorizada quantitativa como teste de resistencia para avaliacao de placas osseas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo Filho, E.V.; Costa, L.A.V.S.; Oliveira, D.C. [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Freitas, P.M.C. [Escola de Veterinaria - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Teixeira, M.W.; Costa, F.S. [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco - Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2012-06-15

    Quantitative computed tomography was used to determine the radiodensity of bony plates. The CT scans provided information regarding radiodensity of bony plates and allowed to verify the uniformity of bone mineral density in their scope. The proposed methodology should be considered as another tool for determining the resistance of these biomaterials. (author)

  9. Imaging Pediatric Vascular Lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Tuyet A.; Krakowski, Andrew C.; Naheedy, John H.; Kruk, Peter G.

    2015-01-01

    Vascular anomalies are commonly encountered in pediatric and dermatology practices. Most of these lesions are benign and easy to diagnose based on history and clinical exam alone. However, in some cases the diagnosis may not be clear. This may be of particular concern given that vascular anomalies may occasionally be associated with an underlying syndrome, congenital disease, or serious, life-threatening condition. Defining the type of vascular lesion early and correctly is particularly important to determine the optimal approach to management and treatment of each patient. The care of pediatric patients often requires collaboration from a multitude of specialties including pediatrics, dermatology, plastic surgery, radiology, ophthalmology, and neurology. Although early characterization of vascular lesions is important, consensus guidelines regarding the evaluation and imaging of vascular anomalies does not exist to date. Here, the authors provide an overview of pediatric vascular lesions, current classification systems for characterizing these lesions, the various imaging modalities available, and recommendations for appropriate imaging evaluation. PMID:26705446

  10. Tumor and tumor-like lesion of jaw bone: CT findings and clinical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the CT findings and clinical applications in Jaw bone tumor and tumor-like lesions. Methods: CT appearances of 36 patients with Jaw bone tumor proved by surgery and pathology were reviewed. Results: One osteosarcoma showed irregular soft-tissue mass with osteolytic bone destruction and new tumor bone formation. Six cases of benign tumor or tumor-like lesions showed masses with regular margin, without calcification, new tumor bone formation and periosteal reaction. Six cases of ameloblastoma showed regular margin masses with multilocular and bone expansion. The multiple bone expansion and interspersed bony trabeculae were found in 2 cases of fibrous hyperplasia of bone. Conclusion: Various jaw bone tumor and tumor-like lesions demonstrated different CT features. CT scan was one of important examination methods for diagnosis and extent evaluations. (authors)

  11. On the biology of the bony otic capsule and the pathogenesis of otosclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Sune Land

    2012-01-01

    In human otosclerosis, focal pathological bone remodeling occurs in significant amounts inside the normally anti-resorptive perilabyrinthine domain of the bony otic capsule. Otosclerosis causes hearing loss in 0.2-0.5% of the population by ankylosis of the footplate. The disease cannot be predicted, avoided or medically reversed as the pathogenesis remains unknown. Previously genetic research has failed to identify a specific otosclerosis-gene and earlier theories of virus infections, autoimmunity or association to generalized bone diseases have been unable to explain why otosclerosis only occurs in the bony otic capsule while the rest of the skeleton remains completely normal. Studies from the otopathological laboratory (RH) have revealed how the bone turnover rates increase centrifugally from a sub-normal 0.1% adjacent to the inner ear space towards a normal 10% per year at the capsular periphery. This graded restriction of bone remodeling is most likely caused by the anti-resorptive action of the cytokine osteoprotegerin (OPG), which is expressed in high levels (1000 x normal bone levels) by inner ear structures to inhibit perilabyrinthine osteoclast formation and function. OPG knockout mice develop excessive, irregular bone remodeling, stapes fixation and progressive hearing loss. The lacuno-canalicular porosity is the candidate anatomical routes for the transmission of OPG-derived signals to the surrounding bone. This extracellular signaling pathway depends crucially on the viability of individual osteocytes. When bone remodeling is low, the average age of the bone matrix and osteocytes increases. We detected a high fetal density of labyrinthine osteocytes, which may secure a life-long anatomical route for inner ear OPG despite accumulation of non-viable osteocytes. Moreover, 3-D reconstructions and vector-based stereology revealed a co-existence between non-viable osteocytes and otosclerosis. We suggest that bone remodeling may commence when the effect of anti-resorptive OPG fails locally within regions of non-viable osteocytes. A sustained OPG signal from surrounding osteocyte survivors might distort the process and account for the otosclerotic morphology.

  12. MRI of degenerative bone marrow lesions in experimental osteoarthritis of canine knee joints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the value of MRI in the detection of degenerative bone marrow abnormalities in an animal osteoarthritis model. Design. In 10 dogs with experimentally induced unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee, MRI was performed using two-dimensional spin-echo (2D-SE) and three-dimensional gradient-echo (3D-GE) imaging. Contrast enhanced T1-weighted 2D-SE sequences were also obtained after injection of gadolinium-DTPA. The results were compared with the gross and histopathologic findings and with radiography. Results. Histopathologic specimens revealed 21 osteosclerotic lesions and 5 intraosseous cysts. On 2D-SE images, 24 of 26 lesions were detected, while 21 of 26 lesions were identified on 2D-GE sequences. Radiography, including conventional tomography, demonstrated 9 of 26 lesions. Regardless of the sequence weighting, all osteosclerotic lesions appeared hypointense on MRI. Signal loss in bone sclerosis resulted primarily from the reduction of intact fat marrow, the increased bone density being of secondary importance. Quantitative signal analysis allowed approximate estimation of the grade of sclerosis. On postcontrast images, sclerotic bone remained hypointense, although significant but non-specific enhancement relative to the normal fat marrow was observed. The extent of contrast enhancement did not correlate with the grade of osteosclerosis. All five cysts were readily diagnosed by MRI. Cysts displayed either central or marginal contrast enhancement within their cavities. Conclusions. MRI provides a sensitive method for the diagnosis of osteoarthritic bone abnormalities, allowing their differentiation from most non-degenerative subarticular lesions. (orig.). With 1 tab

  13. Occult renal cell carcinoma with acrometastasis and ipsilateral juxta-articular knee lesions mimicking acute inflammation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhaskar Borgohain

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Generally, skeletal peripheral metastases below the elbow and the knee are rare. Skeletal metastases to the hand or foot are very rare; but when they do it may be a revealing clinical finding. Purely lytic lesions are commonly seen in metastases from lung, renal, and thyroid tumors, but they are also known to occur in primary myeloma, brown tumor and lymphomas. A 70-year-old man was brought to the emergency department with acute painful swelling involving his right hand and the right knee. Due to significant accompanying soft tissue swellings cellulitis, acute osteomyelitis and gouty arthropathy were included in the initial differential diagnosis. Radiographs showed pure lytic bony lesion with complete disappearance of lower two third of the second metacarpal, trapezium and trapezoid bones of the right hand along with a lytic subarticular lesion of medial condyle of ipsilateral femur. Chest X-ray (CXR was normal but sonography of the abdomen readily demonstrated a large renal mass, later confirmed at biopsy as renal cell carcinoma (RCC. Clinicians should be cognizant of the strong association between digital acrometastases and renal cell carcinoma in male patients with normal CXR findings. In suspected hand acrometastasis associated with a soft tissue component outside the contours of normal bone, screening the abdomen by sonography should be done prior to bone biopsy and before costly or time-consuming investigations are offered. Metastatic RCC should be included in the differential diagnosis of all unilateral expansile bony lesions of the digit. It is particularly important if such lesion/lesions are accompanied by local inflammation. Screening the abdomen by sonography may be of particular value in such elderly male patient when Chest X-ray shows no abnormality.

  14. Navigation-guided en bloc resection and defect reconstruction of craniomaxillary bony tumours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, H; Wang, X; Zhang, S; Zhang, L; Xin, P; Shen, S G

    2013-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of navigation-guided en bloc tumour resection and defect reconstruction in the treatment of craniomaxillary bony tumours. Three patients with ossifying fibroma and two patients with fibrous dysplasia were enrolled in this study. After preoperative planning and three-dimensional simulation, the osteotomy lines for resection were delineated and the normal anatomic structures for defect reconstruction were ascertained. With the guidance of an Accu-Navi navigation system, an en bloc tumour resection and simultaneous defect rehabilitation were performed. The system provided continuously updated information on the position and movement of surgical instruments in the operating field in relation to the preoperative imaging data set. The system error measured by the computer did not exceed 1mm. The osteotomy lines and reconstruction contour were checked by postoperative computed tomography, and good matching with the preoperative planning was achieved. Patients showed no signs of tumour recurrence or prosthesis infection during follow-up (range 12-35 months). Image-guided navigation makes radical bone tumour resection more reliable by implementing preoperative planning, showing the determined safety margins, preserving vital structures and guiding reconstruction. PMID:23827882

  15. Correction of bony deformities around knee by hemicallotasis using an innovative apparatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kundu Z

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Valgus and varus deformities around the knee are common. Various osteotomies and apparatuses have been described to correct these deformities. Methods: Bony deformities around knee joint in thirty patients (36 joints were corrected by osteotomy in upper tibia or lower femur which was stabilized and distracted with innovatively designed and locally fabricated T-shaped external fixator-cum-distractor. The age of the patients ranged from 5 to 48 years. The causes of deformities were post-traumatic (18, rickets (5, tibia vara (3, idiopathic (3 and Ollier?s disease (1. The deformity was in lower femur in 14 cases and upper tibia in 16 cases. Sixteen patients had genu varum, 13 genu valgum and one patient had post traumatic tackle (wind-sweep deformity i.e. genu varum one side and valgum on the opposite. Results: Good results were achieved in 27 cases (32 joints as deformity was fully corrected with full range of painless post-operative movement (follow up 2-8 yrs. Superficial pin-tract infection was the main but temporary complication particularly in summer and rainy season. Conclusion: The apparatus was found quite useful in stabilizing as well as differentially distracting the osteotomy i.e. hemicallotasis to achieve desirable amount of correction of deformities.

  16. Diffuse cavitary lung lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grunzke, Mindy; Garrington, Timothy [University of Colorado Denver, Department of Pediatrics, Aurora, CO (United States); The Children' s Hospital, Rick Wilson Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Aurora, CO (United States); Hayes, Kari [The Children' s Hospital, Pediatric Radiology, Aurora, CO (United States); Bourland, Wendy [Children' s Hospital at St. Francis, Warren Clinic, Inc., Tulsa, OK (United States)

    2010-02-15

    An 11-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of progressively worsening cough, daily fevers, and weight loss. A chest radiograph revealed multiple cystic cavitary lung lesions. An extensive infectious work-up was negative. Chest CT verified multiple cavitary lung lesions bilaterally, and [F-18]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ({sup 18}F-FDG) positron emission tomography with CT (PET/CT) showed increased uptake in the lung lesions as well as regional lymph nodes. Subsequent biopsy of an involved lymph node confirmed classical Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis type. This case represents an unusual presentation for a child with Hodgkin lymphoma and demonstrates a role for {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in evaluating a child with cavitary lung lesions. (orig.)

  17. Unusual benign breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this article is to show examples of the radiological (mammography and/or ultrasound) and pathological appearances of unusual benign breast lesions. The conditions covered are granular cell tumours, fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis, myofibroblastomas, haemangiomas, neurofibromas, and leiomyomas. The article includes the first published description of the ultrasound appearance of a myofibroblastoma. Knowledge of these appearances may help confirm or refute radiological-pathological concordance of percutaneous biopsy results during multidisciplinary assessment of these lesions and aid patient management

  18. Unusual benign breast lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, G.J.R. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: gporter@ncht.trent.nhs.uk; Evans, A.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); Lee, A.H.S. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); Hamilton, L.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom); James, J.J. [Nottingham Breast Institute, City Hospital, Hucknall Rd, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-15

    The purpose of this article is to show examples of the radiological (mammography and/or ultrasound) and pathological appearances of unusual benign breast lesions. The conditions covered are granular cell tumours, fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis, myofibroblastomas, haemangiomas, neurofibromas, and leiomyomas. The article includes the first published description of the ultrasound appearance of a myofibroblastoma. Knowledge of these appearances may help confirm or refute radiological-pathological concordance of percutaneous biopsy results during multidisciplinary assessment of these lesions and aid patient management.

  19. Enhancement of bony in-growth to metal implants by combining controlled hydroxyapatite coating and heat treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oron, Amir; Agar, Gauriel; Oron, Uri; Stein, Anat

    2012-07-01

    The rate of bony in-growth to heat-treated and controlled hydroxyapatite metal implants made of either titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) or stainless steel (SS) 316L inserted to the medullar canal of the femur in rats was investigated. It was found that while partial coverage of hydroxyapatite (HA) did not cause a significant elevation of their bonding strength when compared with nonheated implants, HA, and heat treatment caused a significant (p heat treat implants as well as controlled partial coating of them by HA, prior to their insertion to host bone, produce an enhancement of bone growth to metal implants greater than utilization of each method alone. Our findings may be used to further enhance bony in-growth to metal implants in several clinical settings, producing avid implants with superior integration capabilities. PMID:22447664

  20. Association between condylar morphology and changes in bony microstructure and sub-synovial inflammation in experimental temporomandibular joint arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Kasper Dahl; Hauge, Ellen Margrethe; Dalstra, Michel; Stoustrup, Peter bangsgaard; Küseler, Annelise; Pedersen, Thomas Klit; Herlin, Troels

    2011-01-01

    J Oral Pathol Med (2010) Background: In juvenile idiopathic arthritis involvement of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) is often associated with mandibular growth deviations. The relation between the growth deviations and severity of the inflammation, condylar shape, the micro-architecture, and the quality of the bone has not previously been investigated. This paper studies the effect on the bony structures in mandibular condylar development in rabbits with antigen-induced arthritis. Methods: I...

  1. Does bony hip morphology affect the outcome of treatment for patients with adductor-related groin pain?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hölmich, Per; Thorborg, Kristian; Nyvold, Per; Klit, Jakob; Nielsen, Michael B; Troelsen, Anders

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Adductor-related groin pain and bony morphology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia can coexist clinically. A previous randomised controlled trial in which athletes with adductor-related groin pain underwent either passive treatment (PT) or active treatment (AT) showed good results in the AT group. The primary purpose of the present study was to evaluate if radiological signs of FAI or hip dysplasia seem to affect the clinical outcome, initially and at 8-12?ye...

  2. Cortical tibial osteoperiosteal flap technique to achieve bony bridge in transtibial amputation: experience in nine adult patients

    OpenAIRE

    Mongon, Mauricio Leal; Piva, Felipe Alberto; Mistro Neto, Sylvio; Carvalho, Jose Andre; Belangero, William Dias; Livani, Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Amputation, especially of the lower limbs, is a surgical procedure that gives excellent results when conducted under the appropriate conditions. In 1949 Ertl developed a technique for transtibial osteomyoplastic amputation which restored the intraosseous pressure through canal obliteration and expanded the area of terminal support through a bony bridge between the fibula and distal tibia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a modification of the original Ertl’s techn...

  3. Diagnostic value of apparent diffusion coefficients to differentiate benign from malignant vertebral bone marrow lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balliu, E. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: eballiu@gmail.com; Vilanova, J.C. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, Clinica Girona, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: Kvilanova@comg.es; Pelaez, I. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: isapelaezrx@yahoo.es; Puig, J. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: jpuigalcantara@yahoo.es; Remollo, S. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: sremollo@gmail.com; Barcelo, C. [Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, University of Girona (Spain)], E-mail: carles.barcelo@udg.es; Barcelo, J. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, Clinica Girona, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: rmgirona@comg.es; Pedraza, S. [Department of Magnetic Resonance, IDI Girona, Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain)], E-mail: sapedraza@gmail.com

    2009-03-15

    Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained in diffusion-weighted (DW) MR sequences for the differentiation between malignant and benign bone marrow lesions. Method: Forty-five patients with altered signal intensity vertebral bodies on conventional MR sequences were included. The cause of altered signal intensity was benign osteoporotic collapse in 16, acute neoplastic infiltration in 15, and infectious processes in 14; based on plain-film, CT, bone scintigraphy, conventional MR studies, biopsy or follow-up. All patients underwent isotropic DW MR images (multi-shot EPI, b values of 0 and 500 s/mm{sup 2}). Signal intensity at DW MR images was evaluated and ADC values were calculated and compared between malignancy, benign edema and infectious spondylitis. Results: Acute malignant fractures were hyperintense compared to normal vertebral bodies on the diffusion-weighted sequence, except in one patient with sclerotic metastases. Mean ADC value from benign edema (1.9 {+-} 0.39 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher than untreated metastasic lesions (0.9 {+-} 1.3 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s). Mean ADC value of infectious spondilytis (0.96 {+-} 0.49 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) was not statistically (p > 0.05) different from untreated metastasic lesions. ADC value was low (0.75 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) in one case of subacute benign fracture. Conclusions: ADC values are a useful complementary tool to characterize bone marrow lesions, in order to distinguish acute benign fractures from malignant or infectious bone lesions. However, ADC values are not valuable in order to differentiate malignancy from infection.

  4. Herniation pits and cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck: an anatomical study by MSCT and ?CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine distinguishing features between herniation pits (HPs) and other cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and micro-computed tomography (microCT) examinations. Institutional review board approval was obtained to examine 37 proximal femora of 23 cadaveric specimens (mean age available in 19 cadavers, 83 years; range 68-100 years; 9 female, 8 male, 6 unknown). All 37 femora were investigated by MSCT. 23 femora, which revealed cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in MSCT examinations, were additionally examined by microCT. Cystic-appearing lesions were categorized by their location, sclerotic margin, demarcation and shape in MSCT with assessment of inter-observer agreement. Detailed cortical and trabecular properties were evaluated in microCT examinations. There were seven HPs in three femora. There were a number of abnormalities potentially imitating HPs, including focal osteoporosis (13 in 13 femora), degenerative changes (5 in 4 femora) and trabecular restructuring (5 in 4 femora) at the anterior femoral neck. HPs were differentiated on the basis of their subchondral/subcortical location, completely surrounding sclerosis, clear demarcation and round-to-oval shape in MSCT. Because of their location and their microscopic appearance, HPs seem to resemble intra-osseous ganglia at the anterior femoral neck. HPs have to be differentiated from other cystic appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck to avoid overestimation of their incidence in the context of diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement. (orig.)

  5. Osteoporosis posmenopausia según densitometría ósea / Postmenopausal osteoporosis according to bony densitometry

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dayana, Couto Núñez; Danilo, Nápoles Méndez; Isabel, Deulofeu Betancourt.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 146 mujeres, atendidas en la Consulta de Climaterio del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" de Santiago de Cuba, durante el 2010, con vistas a medir la pérdida de masa ósea en ellas. Los resultados mostraron como factores de ries [...] go predominantes: la ooforectomía bilateral antes de los 50 años, el cese de la menstruación antes de los 40 años y el bajo peso. La densitometría reveló que 45,9 % de las féminas padecía osteopenia y 35,6 %, osteoporosis, con alta significación de la relación entre el climaterio y los resultados densitométricos. Se concluyó que la osteoporosis es frecuente en esta etapa, por lo que debe ser diagnosticada precozmente, de modo que se asegure una terapia eficaz y mejore la calidad de vida. Abstract in english A descriptive and cross-sectional study in 146 women, assisted at the Climacteric Department in "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital from Santiago de Cuba was carried out during the 2010, with the objective of measuring the loss of bony mass in them. The results showed as predomi [...] nant risk factors: the bilateral oophorectomy before 50 years, the ceasing of menstruation before 40 years and low weight. The densitometry revealed that 45,9 % of the females suffered from osteopenia and 35,6 %, osteoporosis, with high significance of the relation between the climacteric and the densitometric results. It was concluded that osteoporosis is frequent in this stage, so that it should be early diagnosed, and an effective therapy be assured to improve life quality.

  6. Reappearing CT lesions : 4 cases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh G

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available An overwhelming majority of disappearing CT lesions in India have been aetiologically linked to cysticercosis. We report 4 patients with disappearing CT lesions in whom the lesion later reappeared at the same (3 patients or different site (1 patient. One patient was a Taenia carrier. Serial MRI evaluation in one patient revealed a persisting lesion in the interval period. The contribution of these observations towards the understanding of the aetiology of disappearing CT lesions is discussed.

  7. 18F-FDG PET demonstrates previously unvisualised bony metastases in a lung cancer patient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: A 59-year-old male, presented to his local doctor with the trivial complaint of a persistent dry cough. On clinical examination he was found to have an enlarged right supraclavicular lymph node. He was investigated with chest X-ray, Computerised Tomography (CT) and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) of the palpable node CT showed a right lung mass, bulky hilar, mediastinal, supraclavicular and cervical lymph nodes FNAC was inconclusive due to an insufficient tissue sample, but suggestive of non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Hence excisional node biopsy was required which revealed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Subsequent CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis for staging revealed no distant involvement. Therefore radical radiotherapy was planned to treat the locally advanced disease. Prior to treatment a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan was organised by his specialist as a baseline study to monitor therapy progress. Non-Attenuation corrected images of the chest, abdomen and pelvis were obtained 40 minutes post administration of 394 MBq 18F-FDG, on a Siemens 951/3IR PET scanner. The images were reconstructed using both Filtered Back Projection (FBP) and Ordered Subsets-Expectation Maximization (OSEM) algorithms. The images revealed extensive metastases particularly in the spine and pelvis, besides the known locally advanced thoracic disease A 99mTc MDP bone scan and plain film radiographs aimed at confirming bony metastases were negative, even though the bone scan noted a slight focus in the right fourth rib. The appearance suggested trauma, but a solitary bone metastasis could not be ruled out MRI of the spine confirmed the PET scan findings. Mr RD was to have curative radical radiotherapy, but after the PET results, it was decided to treat him palliatively. The value of 18F-FDG PET in staging some cancers such as NSCLC is widely accepted, in this case it was pivotal in altering the patient's management. Copyright (2002) The Australian and New Zealand Society of Nuclear Medicine Inc

  8. Detection of hypoplasia of bony cochlear nerve canal by virtual endoscopy: a pilot study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quan Yong; Wu Lebin; Gong Wuxian; Gong Ruozhen (Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong Univeristy, Jinan, Shandong (China)), email: grzh99@yahoo.com.cn; Zu Zushan (Dept. of Radiology, Wendeng Central Hospital, Weifang Medical College, Weihai (China))

    2011-09-15

    Background: Dimensions of the bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) have been proposed as a potential diagnostic standard for hypoplasia of BCNC, but the standard remains inconsistent. We have previously found that a helix-like shape appears in normal BCNCs at VE images, whereas, the sign does not appear in some hypoplastic BCNCs. Purpose: To retrospectively examine the feasibility of computed tomographic (CT) virtual endoscopy (VE) in the evaluation of hypoplasia of BCNC on the basis of absence of a helix-like shape. Material and Methods: Twenty ears in 14 consecutive patients (mean age 5.5 years, range 1-15 years, 6 boys, 8 girls) diagnosed with hypoplasia of BCNC were included in this work. One hundred ears in 50 gender- and age-matched individuals (mean age 6.6 years, range 1-15 years, 29 boys, 21 girls) without inner ear disease and internal auditory canal (IAC) malformations served as controls. The presence or absence of a helix-like shape was evaluated by two independent reviewers. The value of VE for the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC was assessed with clinical results and routine radiologic evaluation as the reference standard. Inter-observer agreement was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were selected to test the diagnostic ability of the VE. Results: Absence of a helix-like shape was found in the cochlear area of 17 of 20 ears in patients with hypoplasia of BCNC but in none of the control subjects. Inter-observer agreement was substantial (? = 0.773). The diagnostic rates of absence of a helix-like shape for hypoplasia of BCNC in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 85%, 100%, and 98%, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups with respect to VE findings for absence of a helix-like shape (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The absence of a helix-like shape at VE images may be used as a potentially useful sign in the diagnosis of hypoplasia of BCNC

  9. Immunopathology of skin lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Nazoora

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted on 130 patients suffering from skin lesions which included psoriasis, lichen planus, DLE, pemphigus, vitiligo and alopecia areata. Forty age-and-sex-matched healthy individuals served as control. Serum IgG, IgM, and circulating immune complexes (CIC were estimated. Significant increase in serum IgG (1937.2 ± 1030.43 mg% and IgM (232.12 ± 136.98 mg% was observed in all the skin lesions when compared with controls except in lichen planus where they were significantly lowered, values being 580.61± 77.35 mg% and 66.88 ± 6.59mg% respectively. CIC levels were significantly raised (P<0.00 1 in various skin lesions (40.49±23.29 when compared with controls (17.68± 3.21, but no significance was observed in lichen planus( 17.72 ± 4.28. Serum IgG, IgM and CIC were statistically significantly altered depending on the extent of the lesion and lowered significantly to almost normal values following treatment, thereby confirming the role of immunity in the pathogenesis of these skin disorders.

  10. Importance of MRI in the diagnosis of vertebral involvement in generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renjen, Pooja; Kovanlikaya, Arzu; Brill, Paula W. [New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Narula, Navneet [New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, Department of Pathology, New York, NY (United States)

    2014-11-15

    A 9-year-old boy presented with the sudden onset of pleuritic chest pain and on CT was found to have a large pleural effusion, mediastinal fluid, splenic lesions and multiple apparently sclerotic vertebral bodies. Subsequent MRI showed that those vertebral bodies that appeared sclerotic were in fact normal, and the vertebral bodies initially interpreted as normal had an abnormal T1 and T2 hyperintense signal on MRI and were relatively lucent on CT. MRI also demonstrated abnormal heterogeneous T2 hyperintense paraspinal tissue and several multicystic soft tissue masses. Biopsy of two adjacent vertebral bodies, one relatively sclerotic and one lucent, demonstrated findings of bony remodeling without a specific diagnosis. Biopsy of an infiltrative mediastinal mass confirmed the diagnosis of generalized cystic lymphangiomatosis. MRI should be included in the assessment of vertebral involvement in this condition because CT and biopsy findings may be nonspecific. (orig.)

  11. Management of an endo perio lesion in a maxillary canine using platelet-rich plasma concentrate and an alloplastic bone substitute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Sangeeta

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma concentrate in the management of a cirumferential, infrabony defect associated with an endoperio lesion in a maxillary canine. A 45 year-old male patient with an endoperio lesion in the left maxillary canine was initially treated with endodontic therapy. Following the endodontic treatment, the circumferential, infrabony defect was treated using platelet-rich plasma and an alloplastic bone substitute. At the end of three months, there was a gain in the clinical attachment level and reduction in probing depth. Radiographic evidence showed that there was significant bony fill. The results were maintained at the time of recall nine months later.

  12. Post-traumatic glenohumeral cartilage lesions: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stussi Edgar

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Any cartilage damage to the glenohumeral joint should be avoided, as these damages may result in osteoarthritis of the shoulder. To understand the pathomechanism leading to shoulder cartilage damage, we conducted a systematic review on the subject of articular cartilage lesions caused by traumas where non impression fracture of the subchondral bone is present. Methods PubMed (MEDLINE, ScienceDirect (EMBASE, BIOBASE, BIOSIS Previews and the COCHRANE database of systematic reviews were systematically scanned using a defined search strategy to identify relevant articles in this field of research. First selection was done based on abstracts according to specific criteria, where the methodological quality in selected full text articles was assessed by two reviewers. Agreement between raters was investigated using percentage agreement and Cohen's Kappa statistic. The traumatic events were divided into two categories: 1 acute trauma which refers to any single impact situation which directly damages the articular cartilage, and 2 chronic trauma which means cartilage lesions due to overuse or disuse of the shoulder joint. Results The agreement on data quality between the two reviewers was 93% with a Kappa value of 0.79 indicating an agreement considered to be 'substantial'. It was found that acute trauma on the shoulder causes humeral articular cartilage to disrupt from the underlying bone. The pathomechanism is said to be due to compression or shearing, which can be caused by a sudden subluxation or dislocation. However, such impact lesions are rarely reported. In the case of chronic trauma glenohumeral cartilage degeneration is a result of overuse and is associated to other shoulder joint pathologies. In these latter cases it is the rotator cuff which is injured first. This can result in instability and consequent impingement which may progress to glenohumeral cartilage damage. Conclusion The great majority of glenohumeral cartilage lesions without any bony lesions are the results of overuse. Glenohumeral cartilage lesions with an intact subchondral bone and caused by an acute trauma are either rare or overlooked. And at increased risk for such cartilage lesions are active sportsmen with high shoulder demand or athletes prone to shoulder injury.

  13. Diagnostic value of apparent diffusion coefficients to differentiate benign from malignant vertebral bone marrow lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained in diffusion-weighted (DW) MR sequences for the differentiation between malignant and benign bone marrow lesions. Method: Forty-five patients with altered signal intensity vertebral bodies on conventional MR sequences were included. The cause of altered signal intensity was benign osteoporotic collapse in 16, acute neoplastic infiltration in 15, and infectious processes in 14; based on plain-film, CT, bone scintigraphy, conventional MR studies, biopsy or follow-up. All patients underwent isotropic DW MR images (multi-shot EPI, b values of 0 and 500 s/mm2). Signal intensity at DW MR images was evaluated and ADC values were calculated and compared between malignancy, benign edema and infectious spondylitis. Results: Acute malignant fractures were hyperintense compared to normal vertebral bodies on the diffusion-weighted sequence, except in one patient with sclerotic metastases. Mean ADC value from benign edema (1.9 ± 0.39 x 10-3 mm2/s) was significantly (p -3 mm2/s). Mean ADC value of infectious spondilytis (0.96 ± 0.49 x 10-3 mm2/s) was not statistically (p > 0.05) different from untreated metastasic lesions. ADC value was low (0.75 x 10-3 mm2/s) in one case of subacute benign fracture. Conclusions: ADC values are a useful complementary tool to characterize bone marrow lesions, in order to distinguish acute benign fractures from malignant or infectious bone lesions. However, ADC values are not valuable in order to differentiate malignancy from infection.

  14. Arthroscopic treatment of unresolved Osgood-Schlatter lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBerardino, Thomas M; Branstetter, Joanna G; Owens, Brett D

    2007-10-01

    Osgood-Schlatter disease is a self-limiting condition in most cases. Those with unresolved pain after conservative treatment can obtain relief with surgical debridement of the mobile ossicles and tibial tuberosity. We present an arthroscopic technique for debridement. The location of the inferomedial and lateral parapatella tendon portals can be raised slightly to allow improved instrumentation and visualization in the anterior interval. An anterior interval release is performed with the mechanical shaver and radiofrequency ablation device. Care is taken to visualize the meniscal anterior horns and intermeniscal ligament. By staying anterior to these structures, debridement can be performed aggressively onto the anterior tibial slope. The bony lesions are shelled out from their soft-tissue attachments. Small and loose fragments are removed with a pituitary ronguer, whereas larger lesions are removed with an arthroscopic burr. Working deep along the anterior tibial slope is facilitated by extending the knee and taking tension off the patellar tendon. Postoperatively, patients are allowed full weight bearing and unrestricted range of motion. The advantages of this technique include the avoidance of the patellar tendon longitudinal split required for open procedures and the ability to address concomitant intra-articular pathology. PMID:17916481

  15. Lesiones deportivas / Sports injuries

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    JORGE ALBERTO, OSORIO CIRO; MÓNICA PAOLA, CLAVIJO RODRÍGUEZ; ELKIN, ARANGO V; SANTIAGO, PATIÑO GIRALDO; ISABEL CRISTINA, GALLEGO CHING.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las difere [...] ncias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados). Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Abstract in english Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to c [...] ompare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

  16. Lesiones deportivas Sports injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las diferencias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados. Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to compare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100 games. The great variability among the incidence rates may be explained by differences among sports, countries, competitive levels, ages and methodology used in the studies. Sports injuries have been defined as those occurring when athletes are practicing sports and that result in tissue alterations or damages, affecting the operation of the corresponding structures. Contact sports such as soccer, rugby, martial arts, basketball, handball and hockey generate greater risk of injuries. The probability of lesions is higher during competition than in training.

  17. SU-E-J-94: Positioning Errors Resulting From Using Bony Anatomy Alignment for Treating SBRT Lung Tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To quantify patient setups errors based on bony anatomy registration rather than 3D tumor alignment for SBRT lung treatments. Method: A retrospective study was performed for patients treated with lung SBRT and imaged with kV cone beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT) image-guidance. Daily CBCT images were registered to treatment planning CTs based on bony anatomy alignment and then inter-fraction tumor movement was evaluated by comparing shift in the tumor center in the medial-lateral, anterior-posterior, and superior-inferior directions. The PTV V100% was evaluated for each patient based on the average daily tumor displacement to assess the impact of the positioning error on the target coverage when the registrations were based on bony anatomy. Of the 35 patients studied, 15 were free-breathing treatments, 10 used abdominal compression with a stereotactic body frame, and the remaining 10 were performed with BodyFIX vacuum bags. Results: For free-breathing treatments, the range of tumor displacement error is between 1–6 mm in the medial-lateral, 1–13 mm in the anterior-posterior, and 1–7 mm in the superior-inferior directions. These positioning errors lead to 6–22% underdose coverage for PTV - V100% . Patients treated with abdominal compression immobilization showed positional errors of 0–4mm mediallaterally, 0–3mm anterior-posteriorly, and 0–2 mm inferior-superiorly with PTV - V100% underdose ranging between 6–17%. For patients immobilized with the vacuum bags, the positional errors were found to be 0–1 mm medial-laterally, 0–1mm anterior-posteriorly, and 0–2 mm inferior-superiorly with PTV - V100% under dose ranging between 5–6% only. Conclusion: It is necessary to align the tumor target by using 3D image guidance to ensure adequate tumor coverage before performing SBRT lung treatments. The BodyFIX vacuum bag immobilization method has the least positioning errors among the three methods studied when bony anatomy is used for registration

  18. Aggressive Ewing's sarcoma appearing as a cold lesion on bone scan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ewing's sarcoma classically presents as a hot spot on bone scan as a result of increased vascularity of the tumor and new bone formation. Purpose We report and analyze an uncommon pattern of a 'cold' lesion in Ewing's sarcoma on bone scan and its pathophysiologic significance. Case report A 15-year-old boy complaining of thigh pain. CT scan evoked Ewing's sarcoma or osteitis. MRI evoked chronic osteitis. Scintigraphy showed a fairly intense and heterogeneous uptake on the femoral lesion and no abnormal uptake elsewhere. Biopsy showed none pathologic pattern. Three months later, a second biopsy concluded to Ewing's sarcoma. Bone scan showed a larger lesion with peripheral intense uptake centered by enlarged 'cold' area in the left femoral diaphysis and no evident bone metastasis. The patient underwent chemotherapy and surgery. Three months later, bone scan showed extensive skeletal metastasis. Conclusion Ewing's sarcoma appears usually as an intense lesion on bone scan. Nevertheless, decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake or 'cold' lesion may be seen in aggressive Ewing's sarcoma with lytic tumor, growth of which is very rapid and bony reaction is minimal. (authors)

  19. White matter lesion progression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hofer, Edith; Cavalieri, Margherita; Bis, Joshua C; DeCarli, Charles; Fornage, Myriam; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Srikanth, Velandai; Trompet, Stella; Verhaaren, Benjamin F J; Wolf, Christiane; Yang, Qiong; Adams, Hieab H H; Amouyel, Philippe; Beiser, Alexa; Buckley, Brendan M; Callisaya, Michele; Chauhan, Ganesh; de Craen, Anton J M; Dufouil, Carole; van Duijn, Cornelia M; Ford, Ian; Freudenberger, Paul; Gottesman, Rebecca F; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Heiss, Gerardo; Hofman, Albert; Lumley, Thomas; Martinez, Oliver; Mazoyer, Bernard; Moran, Chris; Niessen, Wiro J; Phan, Thanh; Psaty, Bruce M; Satizabal, Claudia L; Sattar, Naveed; Schilling, Sabrina; Shibata, Dean K; Slagboom, P Eline; Smith, Albert; Stott, David J; Taylor, Kent D; Thomson, Russell; Töglhofer, Anna M; Tzourio, Christophe; van Buchem, Mark; Wang, Jing; Westendorp, Rudi G J; Windham, B Gwen; Vernooij, Meike W; Zijdenbos, Alex; Beare, Richard; Debette, Stéphanie; Ikram, M Arfan; Jukema, J Wouter; Launer, Lenore J; Longstreth, W T; Mosley, Thomas H; Seshadri, Sudha; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: White matter lesion (WML) progression on magnetic resonance imaging is related to cognitive decline and stroke, but its determinants besides baseline WML burden are largely unknown. Here, we estimated heritability of WML progression, and sought common genetic variants associated with WML progression in elderly participants from the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) consortium. METHODS: Heritability of WML progression was calculated in t...

  20. Localization of lesions in aphasia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using a microcomputer, the locus and extent of the lesions, as demonstrated by computed tomography for 127 cases with various types of aphasia were superimposed onto standardized marices. The relationship between the foci of the lesions and the types of aphasia was investigated. Broca aphasics (n=39) : Since the accumulated site of the lesions highly involved the deep structures of the lower part of the precentral gyrus as well as the insula and lenticular nucleus, only 60% of the Broca aphasics had lesions on these areas. This finding has proved to have little localizing value. Wernicke aphasics (n=23) : The size of the lesion was significantly smaller than Broca's aphasia. At least 70% of the patients had the superior temporal lesions involving Wernicke's area and subcortical lesions of the superior and middle temporal gyri. Amnestic aphasics (n=18) : The size of the lesion was smaller than any other types. While there was some concentration of the lesions (maximum 40%) in the area of the subcortical region of the anterior temporal gyrus adjacent to Wernicke's area and the lenticular nucleus, the lesions were distributed throughout the left hemisphere. Amnestic aphasia was thought to be the least localizable. Conduction aphasics (n=11) : The lesions were relatively small in size. Many patients had posterior speech area lesions involving at least partially Wernicke's area. In particular, more than 80% of the conduction aphasics had lesions of the supramarginal gyrus and it's adjacent deep structures. Global aphasics (n=36) : In general, the size of the lesion was very large and 70% of the global aphasics had extensive lesions involving both Broca's and Wernicke's areas. However, there were observations showing that the lesions can be small and confined. (J.P.N.)

  1. A disappearing neonatal skin lesion.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hawkes, Colin Patrick

    2012-01-31

    A preterm baby girl was noted at birth to have a firm, raised, non-tender skin lesion located over her right hip. She developed three similar smaller lesions on her ear, buttock and right knee. All lesions had resolved by 2 months of age.

  2. Thoracic hyperextension injury with complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage: Case report of a potentially life-threatening injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bailey James

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Severe chest wall injuries are potentially life-threatening injuries which require a standardized multidisciplinary management strategy for prevention of posttraumatic complications and adverse outcome. Case presentation We report the successful management of a 55-year old man who sustained a complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage secondary to an “all-terrain vehicle” roll-over accident. The injury pattern consisted of a bilateral “flail chest” with serial segmental rib fractures, bilateral hemo-pneumothoraces and pulmonary contusions, bilateral midshaft clavicle fractures, a displaced transverse sternum fracture with significant diastasis, and an unstable T9 hyperextension injury. After initial life-saving procedures, the chest wall injuries were sequentially stabilized by surgical fixation of bilateral clavicle fractures, locked plating of the displaced sternal fracture, and a two-level anterior spine fixation of the T9 hyperextension injury. The patient had an excellent radiological and physiological outcome at 6?months post injury. Conclusion Severe chest wall trauma with a complete “bony disruption” of the thoracic cage represents a rare, but detrimental injury pattern. Multidisciplinary management with a staged timing for addressing each of the critical injuries, represents the ideal approach for an excellent long-term outcome.

  3. Cortical tibial osteoperiosteal flap technique to achieve bony bridge in transtibial amputation: experience in nine adult patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mongon, Mauricio Leal; Piva, Felipe Alberto; Mistro Neto, Sylvio; Carvalho, Jose Andre; Belangero, William Dias; Livani, Bruno

    2013-04-01

    Amputation, especially of the lower limbs, is a surgical procedure that gives excellent results when conducted under the appropriate conditions. In 1949 Ertl developed a technique for transtibial osteomyoplastic amputation which restored the intraosseous pressure through canal obliteration and expanded the area of terminal support through a bony bridge between the fibula and distal tibia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a modification of the original Ertl's technique in which a cortical osteoperiosteal flap created from the tibia is used to form a bony bridge during transtibial amputation in adults. Nine patients underwent leg amputations with the cortical tibial osteoperiosteal flap technique for reconstruction of the stump. The average duration of follow-up was 30.8 (range, 18-41) months. The post-surgery examination included a clinical examination and radiography. A 6-min walk test (Enright in Respir Care 48(8):783-785, 2003) was performed in the 32nd week after amputation. At 24th week post-surgery, all patients had stumps that were painless and able to bear full weight through the end. The creation of a cortical osteoperiosteal flap from the tibia to the fibula during transtibial amputation is a safe and effective technique that provides a strong and painless terminal weight-bearing stump. This constitutes a useful option for young patients, athletes, and patients with high physical demands. PMID:23371841

  4. Clinical investigation of metastatic bony pain treated by 153Sm-EDTMP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samarium-153-ethylenediamine tetramethylene phosphonic acid (EDTMP), a bone-seeking radiopharmaceutical, was given to treat patients with disseminated bone metastases. A total of fifty patients, 26 male and 24 female, 44 metastatic and 6 primary bone tumor were treated with a single dose of 1480 MBq. Some of them had 153Sm-EDTMP whole-body bone scans 48 hours after 153Sm-EDTMP, and their lesion-to normal ratios of bone were calculated. Overall alleviation of pain with 153Sm-EDTMP was 76% (38/50) and 24% of the patients were completely relief from pain. Pain relief sustained from 4 to 8 weeks in 60% of patients. It was suggested that this new therapeutic agent may have a potential benefit for the diagnosis and management of disseminated metastatic bone carcinomas

  5. Analysis of pulmonary coin lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For A long time the solitary pulmonary nodule has remained a difficult problem to solve and has attracted a great deal of attension in recent years. Circumscribed coin lesions of the lung were generally peripheral in location with respect to the pulmonary hilus. Because of this, important clinical problem in management and diagnosis arise. Such a lesion is discovered through roentgenologic examination. So the roentgenologists is the first be in a position to offer advise. This presentation is an attempt to correlate a useful diagnosis with roentgenologic findings of pulmonary coin lesion which enables us to get differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lesion. Histologically proven 120 cases of the pulmonary coin lesion during the period of 8 years were reviewed through plain film, tomogram, bronchoscopy, variable laboratory findings, and clinical history. The results are as follows: 1. Male to female sex ratio was 3 : 1. In age distribution, most of the malignant pulmonary coin lesion appeared in 6th decade (39%) and 5th decade (27%). In benign lesion, the most cases were in 3 rd decade. 2. Pathological cell type are as follows: Primary bronchogenic cancer 43.3%, tuberculoma 25.8%, inflammatory lesion 17.5%, benign tumor 10%, and bronchial adenoma, harmartoma, A.V. malformation, mesothelioma, are 1 case respectively. As a result benign and malignant lesion showed equal distribution (49.1% : 50.3%). 3. In symptom analysis ; cough is the most common (43.5%) symptom in malignant lesion, next follows hemoptysis (20.9%) and chest pain (14.5%). In benign lesion, most of the patient (32.7%) did not complain any symptom. 4. In malignant lesion, the most common nodular size was 4 cm (32.3%), and in benign lesion 2 cm sized coin was most common (39.3%). 5. In general, margin of nodule was very sharp and well demarcated in benign lesion (83.3%), and in malignant lesion that was less demarcated and poorly defined. 6. Most case of calcification (82.7%) was seen in benign lesion, and the most common type is central nidus. 7. Cavitary lesion (12.5%) of thick walled irregular margin with eccentric location in the coin lesion is indicative of malignant coin lesion. 8. Stellate lesion was 7 cases and all of them were seen in tuberculomas.

  6. Study of genital lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Kumar B

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available A total of one hundred patients (75 males and 25 females age ranged from 17-65 years with genital lesions attending the STD clinic of Bowring and LC Hospitals Bangalore constituted the study group. Based on clinical features, the study groups were classified as syphilis (39, chancroid (30, herpes genitolis (13, condylomato lato (9, LGV (7t condylomata acuminata (5, genital scabies (3, granuloma inguinole (2 and genital candidiasis (1. In 68% microbiological findings confirmed the clinical diagnosis. Of the 100 cases 13% and 2% were positive for HIV antibodies and HbsAg respectively.

  7. Vascular lesions following radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The special radiation sensitivity of the vascular system is mainly linked to that of endothelial cells, which are perhaps the most radiation-vulnerable elements of mesenchymal tissues. Within the vascular tree, radiation injures most often capillaries, sinusoids, and small arteries, in that order. Lesions of veins are observed less often, but in certain tissues the veins are regularly damaged (e.g., intestine) or are the most affected structures (i.e., liver). Large arteries do suffer the least; however, when significant damage does occur in an elastic artery (e.g., thrombosis or rupture), it tends to be clinically significant and even fatal. Although not always demonstrable in human tissues, radiation vasculopathy generally is dose and time dependent. Like other radiation-induced lesions, the morphology in the vessels is not specific, but it is characteristic enough to be often recognizable. Vascular injury, especially by therapeutic radiation is not just a morphologic marker. It is a mediator of tissue damage; perhaps the most consistent pathogenetic mechanism in delayed radiation injury

  8. Herniation pits and cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck: an anatomical study by MSCT and {mu}CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panzer, Stephanie; Esch, Ulrich [Trauma Center Murnau, Department of Radiology, Murnau (Germany); Abdulazim, Ahmed Nabil; Augat, Peter [Paracelsus University Salzburg and Trauma Center Murnau, Biomechanics Laboratory, Murnau (Germany)

    2010-07-15

    To determine distinguishing features between herniation pits (HPs) and other cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and micro-computed tomography (microCT) examinations. Institutional review board approval was obtained to examine 37 proximal femora of 23 cadaveric specimens (mean age available in 19 cadavers, 83 years; range 68-100 years; 9 female, 8 male, 6 unknown). All 37 femora were investigated by MSCT. 23 femora, which revealed cystic-appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck in MSCT examinations, were additionally examined by microCT. Cystic-appearing lesions were categorized by their location, sclerotic margin, demarcation and shape in MSCT with assessment of inter-observer agreement. Detailed cortical and trabecular properties were evaluated in microCT examinations. There were seven HPs in three femora. There were a number of abnormalities potentially imitating HPs, including focal osteoporosis (13 in 13 femora), degenerative changes (5 in 4 femora) and trabecular restructuring (5 in 4 femora) at the anterior femoral neck. HPs were differentiated on the basis of their subchondral/subcortical location, completely surrounding sclerosis, clear demarcation and round-to-oval shape in MSCT. Because of their location and their microscopic appearance, HPs seem to resemble intra-osseous ganglia at the anterior femoral neck. HPs have to be differentiated from other cystic appearing lesions at the anterior femoral neck to avoid overestimation of their incidence in the context of diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement. (orig.)

  9. [High prevalence of antiHTLV-1 antibodies in the Boni, an ethnic group of African origin isolated in French Guiana since the 18th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gessain, A; Calender, A; Strobel, M; Lefait-Robin, R; de Thé, G

    1984-01-01

    Antibodies to HTLV-1 (ELISA test using disrupted virus) were studied in different ethnic groups in French Guiana, including 135 blood donors from Cayenne, 97 Boni Blacks and 57 Wayana Indians from Maripasoula area, and 57 Hmong from Cacao village. We observed significant differences between Boni Blacks and Wayana Indians, having respectively 10.3% versus 0% of high antibody titers. The Hmong, recent refugees from Kampuchea, exhibited an intermediate level (3.5%) of infection. These results favour an African origin of HTLV-1 and raise, for the Hmong, the question of an infection acquired in Guiana. PMID:6095973

  10. Management of sphenoidal sinus lesions by septal-assisted approach: Surgical skills and advantages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Hai-Yu; Li, Yan-Ni; Fan, Yun-Ping; Feng, Shao-Yan; Gao, Jie-Bing

    2015-08-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a less invasive trans-septal approach for the endoscopic management of sphenoid sinus lesions. We performed a septal-assisted surgical procedure for endoscopic sphenoidectomy in 38 patients with isolated or combined sphenoidal sinus lesions, including fungal balls, mucoceles, purulent cystic sphenoidal sinusitis, etc. The posterior portion of the nasal septum became flexible after removal of the vomer and the sphenoidal rostrum. The superior portion of the common meatus was expanded to accommodate the endoscope after the septum was repositioned contra-laterally. The lesions were individually managed through the enlarged ostiums while damage to the mucosa of the front sphenoidal wall was avoided. All the procedures were completed successfully without intraoperative complications, and the bony ostiums were identified easily and enlarged accurately. During the follow-up period of 16 weeks to 2 years, no re-atresia or restenosis was observed. The recurrence rate was 0. No postoperative complications were recorded. All the responses from the patients were satisfactory. It was concluded that endoscopic sphenoidectomy assisted by trans-septal approach is a feasible, safe, effective and minimally invasive approach for selected cases with unilateral or bilateral lesions in the sphenoid sinuses. PMID:26223927

  11. Intravascular lesions of the hand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duke Wayne H

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Intravascular lesions of the hand comprise reactive and neoplastic entities. The clinical diagnosis of such lesions is often difficult, and usually requires pathologic examination. We present the largest series to date of intravascular lesions affecting the hand. Methods A retrospective review of intravascular (arterial and venous lesions involving the hand was conducted. Data regarding clinicopathologic findings were analyzed. Results We identified 10 patients with intravascular lesions of their hands including thromboemboli (n = 3, reactive intravascular conditions such as papillary endothelial hyperplasia or Masson's tumor (n = 2 and fasciitis (n = 1, as well as vascular neoplasms including pyogenic granuloma (n = 2 and angioleiomyoma (n = 2. Conclusion Blood vessel injury and/or venous thrombosis may predispose to several intravascular lesions of the hand. Recognition of reactive entities from neoplastic conditions is important.

  12. Taxonomic composition and trophic structure of the continental bony fish assemblage from the early late cretaceous of Southeastern Morocco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavin, Lionel; Boudad, Larbi; Tong, Haiyan; Läng, Emilie; Tabouelle, Jérôme; Vullo, Romain

    2015-01-01

    The mid-Cretaceous vertebrate assemblage from south-eastern Morocco is one of the most diversified continental vertebrate assemblages of this time worldwide. The bony fish component (coelacanths, lungfishes and ray-finned fishes) is represented by relatively complete specimens and, mostly, by fragmentary elements scattered along 250 kilometres of outcrops. Here we revisit the bony fish assemblage by studying both isolated remains collected during several fieldtrips and more complete material kept in public collections. The assemblage comprises several lungfish taxa, with the first mention of the occurrence of Arganodus tiguidiensis, and possibly two mawsoniid coelacanths. A large bichir cf. Bawitius, is recorded and corresponds to cranial elements initially referred to 'Stromerichthys' from coeval deposits in Egypt. The ginglymodians were diversified with a large 'Lepidotes' plus two obaichthyids and a gar. We confirm here that this gar belongs to a genus distinctive from Recent gars, contrary to what was suggested recently. Teleosteans comprise a poorly known ichthyodectiform, a notopterid, a probable osteoglossomorph and a large tselfatiiform, whose cranial anatomy is detailed. The body size and trophic level for each taxon are estimated on the basis of comparison with extant closely related taxa. We plotted the average body size versus average trophic level for the Kem Kem assemblage, together with extant marine and freshwater assemblages. The Kem Kem assemblage is characterized by taxa of proportionally large body size, and by a higher average trophic level than the trophic level of the extant compared freshwater ecosystems, but lower than for the extant marine ecosystems. These results should be regarded with caution because they rest on a reconstructed assemblage known mostly by fragmentary remains. They reinforce, however, the ecological oddities already noticed for this mid-Cretaceous vertebrate ecosystem in North Africa. PMID:26018561

  13. Radiotherapy of bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiotherapy represents a simple and effective palliative treatment of bone lesions. The first aim of this treatment, often combined with orthopedic procedures and medical therapy, is pain relief and improvement of the quality of life. Pain relief is achieved in a short time in about 2/3 of patients and lasting control can be documented in slow-growing tumors with a relatively long life expectancy. Many clinical reports and some randomized studies indicate that compact treatment schedules, consisting of high single fractions in a few days, can achieve the same symptomatic results as prolonged conventional treatments. More recently, multiple daily fractions and half-body irradiation have yielded interesting clinical results in particular clinical situations

  14. Classification of placental lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redline, Raymond W

    2015-10-01

    Placental pathology can be useful in a variety of ways including immediate diagnosis of important conditions affecting the mother or infant, identifying conditions that are likely to recur in subsequent pregnancies, separating clinical syndromes into distinct pathological phenotypes for further investigation, and uncovering the underlying cause of unexpected adverse outcomes. Classification of placental lesions has evolved from being a purely descriptive exercise through a stage in which the major pathophysiological processes such as disorders of maternal implantation and the amniotic fluid infection syndrome were first described to a recently proposed comprehensive classification system that includes all of the major maternal and fetal vascular and infectious and idiopathic/immune inflammatory processes (Amsterdam Placental Workshop Group). Implementation of this unified system with reproducible grading and staging should help establish evidence-based recommendations for placental submission and facilitate progress in studying the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of obstetric disorders with an underlying placental etiology. PMID:26428500

  15. Mycetoma: Nonvenereal perineal lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta Shweta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycetoma is a chronic, granulomatous disease of the skin, and subcutaneous tissue, which sometimes involves muscle, bones, and neighboring organs. It is characterized by tumefaction, abscess formation, and fistulae with discharge of grains from sinuses. Mycetoma can be caused by various species of fungi (eumycetoma and aerobic actinomycetes (actinomycetoma, which occur as saprophytes in soil or plants. A tentative diagnosis sufficient to initiate treatment may be made on the basis of grain color. For instance, melanoid grains are always caused by fungi and ochroid or pale grains by actinomycetes. Although this is not the thumbrule, there are exceptional reports too. As trauma favors infection, most lesions are on the foot and lower leg but they may occur anywhere on the body mimicking actinomycosis. However, lab investigations and culture are important tool to differentiate apart from the clinical picture. We are reporting atypical case with unusual site of presentation (perineum and thigh of mycetoma.

  16. MALIGNANCY IN LARGE COLORECTAL LESIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Oliveira dos SANTOS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Context The size of colorectal lesions, besides a risk factor for malignancy, is a predictor for deeper invasion Objectives To evaluate the malignancy of colorectal lesions ?20 mm. Methods Between 2007 and 2011, 76 neoplasms ?20 mm in 70 patients were analyzed Results The mean age of the patients was 67.4 years, and 41 were women. Mean lesion size was 24.7 mm ± 6.2 mm (range: 20 to 50 mm. Half of the neoplasms were polypoid and the other half were non-polypoid. Forty-two (55.3% lesions were located in the left colon, and 34 in the right colon. There was a high prevalence of III L (39.5% and IV (53.9% pit patterns. There were 72 adenomas and 4 adenocarcinomas. Malignancy was observed in 5.3% of the lesions. Thirty-three lesions presented advanced histology (adenomas with high-grade dysplasia or early adenocarcinoma, with no difference in morphology and site. Only one lesion (1.3% invaded the submucosa. Lesions larger than 30 mm had advanced histology (P = 0.001. The primary treatment was endoscopic resection, and invasive carcinoma was referred to surgery. Recurrence rate was 10.6%. Conclusions Large colorectal neoplasms showed a low rate of malignancy. Endoscopic treatment is an effective therapy for these lesions.

  17. EPIDEMIOLOGÍA LESIONAL EN FUTBOLISTAS JÓVENES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelio Olmedilla Zafra

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace algunos años, muchos estudios epidemiológicos indican la gran importancia y el constante aumento de la lesión en el fútbol intentando, algunos de ellos, determinar qué factores de riesgo son los más importantes y de qué manera operan en la incidencia de lesiones del futbolista. El objetivo del presente trabajo es, por un lado, describir las lesiones (tipo y gravedad sufridas por futbolistas jóvenes; y por otro, analizar las relaciones entre la categoría deportiva y el tipo de lesión, la gravedad de la lesión y el lugar de ocurrencia de la lesión. La muestra está formada por 72 futbolistas, de edades comprendidas entre los 14 y los 24 años, con una media de 17,2 años (± 2,7. La información relativa a los datos deportivos y a las lesiones se recogió mediante un cuestionario de auto-informe. Los resultados muestran que las lesiones producidas durante los entrenamientos duplican a las producidas en partidos, y que las lesiones más frecuentes son de tipo muscular y de carácter leve o moderado. Además, en un primer análisis aparece que la categoría deportiva parece influir en las lesiones muy graves, en las lesiones en los partidos y en las lesiones en los entrenamientos, aunque sólo se encuentran diferencias significativas entre la categoría juvenil y la tercera división respecto a las lesiones producidas en los partidos.

  18. Development of efficient electron beam irradiating condition of artificial bone substitutes with 7 to 3 ratio of hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate and type I collagen to maximize bony regeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Soung Min; Eo, Mi Young; Myoung, Hoon; Kang, Ji Young; Lee, Jong Ho [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Hye Jin [Korea Basic Science Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Yea, Kwon Hae; Lee, Byungcheol [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-07-01

    Bony defects in oral and maxillofacial region was a common problem -Auto graft -Allograft -Xenograft. Accenting bone is 'Gold standard' for bone defect repair and from the rib, iliac crest, jaw and tibia. Bone is 70% inorganic components -which provide firmness, and approx. and 30% organic substances.

  19. Indeterminate liver lesions in cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, P J

    2002-01-01

    It is important to distinguish liver metastases from incidental benign liver lesions which may be present in patients with cancer. In a minority of cases, sonography or CT may be sufficient to characterise benign lesions, but the range of sequences and contrast media available for liver MRI provides the opportunity for more specific diagnosis in the great majority of cases. Biopsy is rarely needed.

  20. On-line image guidance for frameless stereotactic radiotherapy of lung malignancies by cone beam CT: Comparison between target localization and alignment on bony anatomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction. Free-breathing stereotactic radiotherapy for lung malignancies requires reliable prediction of respiratory motion and accurate target localization. A protocol was adopted for reproducibility and reduction of respiratory motion and for target localization by CBCT image guidance. Tumor respiratory displacements and tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy alignment are analyzed. Materials and method. Image guided SRT was performed for 99 lung malignancies. Two groups of patients were considered: group A did not perform any breathing control; group B controlled visually their respiratory cycle and volumes on an Active Breathing Coordinator (ABC) monitor during the acquisition of simulation CT and CBCT, and treatment delivery. GTV on end inhale and exhale CT data sets were fused in an ITV and the extent of tumor motion evaluated between these 2 phases. A pre-treatment CBCT was acquired and aligned to the reference CT using bony anatomy; for tumor positioning the ITV contour on the reference CT was matched to the visible tumor on CBCT. Interobserver variability of tumor positioning was evaluated. ITV and CBCT tumor dimensions were compared. Results. 3D tumor breathing displacement (mean±SD) was significantly higher for group A (14.7±9.9 mm) than for group B (4.7±3.1 mm). The detected differences between tumor and bony structure alignment below 3 mm were 68% for group B and 45% for group A, reaching statistical significance. Interobserver variability was 1.7±1.1 mm (mean±SD). Dimensions of tumor image on CBCT were consistent with ITV dimensions for group B (max difference 14%). Conclusions. The adopted protocol seems effective in reducing respiratory internal movements and margin. Tumor positioning errors relative to bony anatomy are also reduced. However bony anatomy as a surrogate of the target may still lead to some relevant positioning errors. Target visualization on CBCT is essential for an accurate localization in lung SRT

  1. [The focal renal lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuma, Jan

    2013-06-01

    The focal renal lesions are altogether common. Most frequently are found Columna Bertini hypertrophies (so called pseudotumors) and simple renal cysts. The role of sonography in the practice is to distinguish pseudotumors from real renal tumors, and simple renal cysts from complex cysts. The differentiation of complex renal cysts is possible with the help of the CEUS (= contrast enhanced ultrasound) and other imaging modalities such as CT or MRI. In these cases, the CEUS imaging agent has clear advantages over CT and MRI, because it is composed of gas bubbles, which are only slightly smaller than red blood cells and remains exclusively intravascularly while the CT and MRI contrast agents diffuse into the interstitial space without any real perfusion. The real tumors can be differentiated from certain focal non-tumorous changes based on the ultrasound and clinic. The further differentiation of individual kidney tumors and metastases using ultrasound, MRI, CT and CEUS is only partly possible. In all uncertain or unclear cases, therefore, an open or ultrasound-guided biopsy is useful. PMID:23735765

  2. Aggressive Ewing's sarcoma appearing as a cold lesion on bone scan; Sarcome d'Ewing agressif apparaissant comme une lesion froide sur la scintigraphie osseuse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chatti, K.; Guezguez, M.; Maha Ben Fredj, M.; Sfar, R.; Essabbah, H. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. de Medecine Nucleaire, Sahloul (Tunisia); Mtaoumi, M. [Hopital Universitaire de Sahloul, Dept. d' Orthopedie, Sousse (Tunisia); Chatti, K. [Faculte de Medecine de Monastir, Lab. de Biophysique, Monastir (Tunisia)

    2009-10-15

    Ewing's sarcoma classically presents as a hot spot on bone scan as a result of increased vascularity of the tumor and new bone formation. Purpose We report and analyze an uncommon pattern of a 'cold' lesion in Ewing's sarcoma on bone scan and its pathophysiologic significance. Case report A 15-year-old boy complaining of thigh pain. CT scan evoked Ewing's sarcoma or osteitis. MRI evoked chronic osteitis. Scintigraphy showed a fairly intense and heterogeneous uptake on the femoral lesion and no abnormal uptake elsewhere. Biopsy showed none pathologic pattern. Three months later, a second biopsy concluded to Ewing's sarcoma. Bone scan showed a larger lesion with peripheral intense uptake centered by enlarged 'cold' area in the left femoral diaphysis and no evident bone metastasis. The patient underwent chemotherapy and surgery. Three months later, bone scan showed extensive skeletal metastasis. Conclusion Ewing's sarcoma appears usually as an intense lesion on bone scan. Nevertheless, decreased radiopharmaceutical uptake or 'cold' lesion may be seen in aggressive Ewing's sarcoma with lytic tumor, growth of which is very rapid and bony reaction is minimal. (authors)

  3. Crown amputation with intentional root retention for advanced feline resorptive lesions--a clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuPont, G

    1995-03-01

    Whole tooth extraction is generally considered to be the treatment of choice for teeth with advanced feline external odontoclastic resorptive lesions. These teeth often have both a weakened, brittle crown and radicular ankylosis. These two factors cause frustration and sometimes complications during attempts at extraction. This study investigated the alternative of intentionally leaving part or all of non-pathologic tooth roots in situ to prevent iatrogenic trauma to the patient, loss of alveolar bone, and prolonged healing of surgical defects. Fifty one roots from 23 teeth were radiographed 5-36 months following elective root retention; continued resorption without surrounding bony reaction was seen in almost all cases. In one cat, the roots retained normal periodontal ligament one year later, and in another cat that developed severe stomatitis, the intentionally retained roots were extracted at the same time that the remaining molar teeth were extracted. PMID:9693619

  4. de lesiones a la necropsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dante González Salazar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar en becerras el grado de protección de tres inmunógenos contra la tuberculosis bovina, mediante las lesiones en la necropsia, ante un desafío con cepa patógena de M. bovis. Se utilizaron 24 becerras negativas a tuberculosis, divididas en cuatro grupos; el grupo 1 se vacunó con extracto proteínico de fi ltrado de cultivo (CFPE de M. bovis; el grupo 2, con CFPE más interferón gamma (IFN-?; el grupo 3, con BCG; el grupo 4 quedó como testigo. A los seis meses posvacunación, los animales se desafi aron con cepa de M. bovis. Posteriormente, a los seis meses se sacrifi caron, para evaluar la presencia de lesiones. En la necropsia, los linfonodos parecían abscesos; en la histopatología, las lesiones se defi nieron como una linfadenitis piogranulomatosa. Todos los animales del grupo testigo presentaron lesiones de tuberculosis, fue el grupo con mayor número de lesiones; 66.6% de éstas fueron severas. En los tres grupos inmunizados hubo animales que no presentaron lesiones; en los que si hubo, las lesiones fueron leves y moderadas. Ninguno de los esquemas de vacunación previno al 100% la infección, pues en todos los grupos hubo lesiones. Sin embargo, es evidente que en los grupos inmunizados hubo diferentes grados de protección, manifestados en ausencia de lesiones y disminución en el grado de severidad, en el grupo inmunizado con BCG esta disminución fue mayor. Se concluye que la vacuna BCG fue el inmunógeno que presentó mejores resultados, por ello podría utilizarse para el control de la tuberculosis en zonas de alta prevalencia.

  5. Changing activity in MS lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gd-DTPA enhanced T1 weighted MRI is a discriminating test for a defective blood-brain barrier, with MS lesions showing considerable variation in the pattern of enhancement. Since little is known of the changes in the blood-brain barrier in the active plaque over time, the natural history of blood-brain barrier disturbance in the MS lesion was examined to confirm earlier reports that Gd-DTPA enhancement is a consistent early event in new lesions of relapsing/remitting MS. This knowledge is essential for the use of MRI in monitoring treatment. (author). 9 refs

  6. Differential diagnosis of sacral lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors reviewed the teaching files of Temple University Hospital and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and selected the best representative cases of various lesions of the sacrum. They selected the following lesions: metastasis, chondrosarcoma, chrodoma, plasmacytoma, giant cell tumor, osteogenic sarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma, neurofibrosarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, osteoblastoma, ossifying fibroma, eosinophilic granuloma, aneurysmal bone cyst, sacrococcygeal teratoma, anterior meningocele, endodermal sinus tumor, and stress fracture. The authors illustrate, for each lesion, the likely age range, sights of predilection, likelihood of occurrence in the sacrum, and radiographic findings helpful in limiting the differential diagnosis. They demonstrate the value of bone scintigraphy in detecting, and CT in confirming, stress fractures of the sacrum

  7. Sclerodermoid lesions in a patient with multiple transplants and porphyria cutanea tarda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Ashley G; Fox, Lindy P; Sako, Eric Y; Young, Lorraine C

    2015-06-01

    Patients with chronic graft versus host disease may exhibit a range of sclerotic features. Herein we present a patient with confirmed porphyria cutanea tarda who subsequently developed chronic graft versus host disease. PMID:26158360

  8. Staging of osteonecrosis of the jaw requires computed tomography for accurate definition of the extent of bony disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedogni, Alberto; Fedele, Stefano; Bedogni, Giorgio; Scoletta, Matteo; Favia, Gianfranco; Colella, Giuseppe; Agrillo, Alessandro; Bettini, Giordana; Di Fede, Olga; Oteri, Giacomo; Fusco, Vittorio; Gabriele, Mario; Ottolenghi, Livia; Valsecchi, Stefano; Porter, Stephen; Petruzzi, Massimo; Arduino, Paolo; D'Amato, Salvatore; Ungari, Claudio; Fung Polly, Pok-Lam; Saia, Giorgia; Campisi, Giuseppina

    2014-09-01

    Management of osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with antiresorptive agents is challenging, and outcomes are unpredictable. The severity of disease is the main guide to management, and can help to predict prognosis. Most available staging systems for osteonecrosis, including the widely-used American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) system, classify severity on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings. However, clinical inspection and radiography are limited in their ability to identify the extent of necrotic bone disease compared with computed tomography (CT). We have organised a large multicentre retrospective study (known as MISSION) to investigate the agreement between the AAOMS staging system and the extent of osteonecrosis of the jaw (focal compared with diffuse involvement of bone) as detected on CT. We studied 799 patients with detailed clinical phenotyping who had CT images taken. Features of diffuse bone disease were identified on CT within all AAOMS stages (20%, 8%, 48%, and 24% of patients in stages 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively). Of the patients classified as stage 0, 110/192 (57%) had diffuse disease on CT, and about 1 in 3 with CT evidence of diffuse bone disease was misclassified by the AAOMS system as having stages 0 and 1 osteonecrosis. In addition, more than a third of patients with AAOMS stage 2 (142/405, 35%) had focal bone disease on CT. We conclude that the AAOMS staging system does not correctly identify the extent of bony disease in patients with osteonecrosis of the jaw. PMID:24856927

  9. A clinical study on the efficacy of hydroxyapatite - Bioactive glass composite granules in the management of periodontal bony defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tirthankar Debnath

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In periodontal regeneration, several alloplastic materials are being used with a goal to reconstruct new osseous tissue in the infrabony defect sites. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of hydroxyapatite-bioactive glass (HA:BG composite granules in the management of periodontal bony defects. Materials and Methods: A randomized control study was conducted. Subjects with infrabony defects were divided into three groups. Test Group 1 (n = 10: Defect site was treated with HA:BG, with a biodegradable membrane. Test Group 2 (n = 10: Defect site was treated with HAP, with a biodegradable membrane. Control group (n = 10: Defect site was treated with open flap debridement with a biodegradable membrane Results: The healing of defects was uneventful and free of any biological complications. The gain in clinical attachment level, reduction of probing pocket depth, and defect fill were statistically significant in all three groups. TG1 sites showed significant defect fill than TG2 and CG sites. Conclusion: The performance of HA:BG was better compared to HAP and open flap debridement for the reconstruction of infrabony defects.

  10. Traumatic lesions of pulmonary parenchyma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five cases of post-traumatic pulmonary lesions (contusion, laceration and hematoma) are presented. The pathophysiology, radiological aspects and differential diagnosis are reviewed. The benign evolution showing the absorption in short time, without medical interference is emphasized. (Author)

  11. Post-radiotherapeutic heart lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heart structures have traditionally been considered radioresistant. In fact all tissues subjected to radiotherapy can develop lesions. Possible damage includes: - pericardiac fibrosis, the commonest and best individualized, associated with a constriction this leads to a stoppage pattern usually occurring late, around the 18th month. Its frequency depends directly on the total radiation dose; - fibrous myocarditis by direct damage to the heart muscle; - stenosis type lesions of the large coronary trunks; - in exceptional cases lesions of the aorta: hyperplastic degenerescence of the intima and adventitia or of the aortic sigmoid valvules and the mitral valves. Three observations are reported, concerning a coronary, a pericardiac and a coronary, myocardiac and pericardiac lesion. Following this account the irradiation techniques and main experimental data are reviewed and the prophylactic and therapeutic consequences to be derived from our observations and those of the literature are examined

  12. Benign (Not Cancerous) Urethral Lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Some Types of Benign Urethral Lesions? Non-Cancerous Growths Non-cancerous growths in men are linked to ... Research Quick Links Urologic Conditions Financials & Annual Report Leadership Privacy Statement Link Policy American Urological Association © 2015 ...

  13. Lesiones intramedulares que simulan tumores

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, Routaboul; Jorge, Botello; Cuccia, Vicente; Graciela, Zúccaro.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Analizar las características clínicas y neurorradiológicas de las distintas lesiones intramedulares con la finalidad de poder diferenciar las lesiones no-tumorales de las tumorales y reservar la exploración quirúrgica sólo para aquellos pacientes sin diagnóstico y con sintomatología rápida [...] mente progresiva. Material y métodos. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 44 pacientes operados consecutivamente con diagnóstico presuntivo de tumor intramedular entre enero de 1988 y diciembre de 2007. No se incluyeron en el análisis los tumores bulbomedulares ni los del cono y filum ni tampoco los lipomas, teratomas y quistes dermoides. Resultados. Se identificaron 4 pacientes (9.1%), 3 masculinos y 1 femenino, con edad media de 9 años, que presentaban deterioro neurológico progresivo e IRM espinal compatible con tumor intramedular. El resultado histopatológico confirmó en los cuatro casos lesiones no tumorales: infiltrado inflamatorio inespecífico, edema, micosis y gliosis respectivamente. Conclusiones. El minucioso análisis clínico, de laboratorio y el estudio de las imágenes en IRM puede ayudar a la correcta distinción entre tumores y lesiones no-tumorales evitando la exploración quirúrgica que sólo está justificada en los casos muy dudosos acompañados de rápido deterioro neurológico funcional del paciente. Abstract in english Objective. To analyze the clinic and neuro-imaging characteristics of the intra spinal lesions in order to differentiate the non-neoplastic lesions from neoplastic lesions and to spare surgical exploration only for non-diagnosed patients with rapid deterioration. Materials and method. Fourty-four me [...] dical charts of patients operated on spinal cord lesions between January 1988 and December 2007 have been analyzed. Results. In four patients (3 male, 1 female - mean age: 9 years) who were operated with diagnosis of intra-spinal tumor, their lesions turned out to be non-neoplastic: non-specific inflammation, edema, mycosis and gliosis, respectively. Conclusions. The thorough clinical and laboratory investigation together with the study of the imaging can help distinguish between non-neoplastic lesions from neoplastic lesions in order to avoid surgical exploration which is only suitable in very doubtful cases with rapid deterioration.

  14. Oral Lesions and Lymphoproliferative Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    M. Biasotto; TIRELLI, G.; Castellarin, P.; R. Di Lenarda; Pozzato, G

    2010-01-01

    Lymphoproliferative disorders are heterogeneous malignancy characterized by the expansion of a lymphoid clone more or less differentiated. At the level of the oral cavity, the lymphoproliferative disorder can occur in various ways, most commonly as lymphoid lesions with extranodal externalization, but sometimes, oral lesions may represent a localization of a disease spread. With regard to the primary localizations of lymphoproliferative disorders, a careful examination of the head and neck, o...

  15. Cutaneous lesions of the nose

    OpenAIRE

    Altmeyer Peter; Paech Volker; Thrandorf Christina; Sand Daniel; Sand Michael; Bechara Falk G

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Skin diseases on the nose are seen in a variety of medical disciplines. Dermatologists, otorhinolaryngologists, general practitioners and general plastic and dermatologic surgeons are regularly consulted regarding cutaneous lesions on the nose. This article is the second part of a review series dealing with cutaneous lesions on the head and face, which are frequently seen in daily practice by a dermatologic surgeon. In this review, we focus on those skin diseases on the nose where su...

  16. Rosacea with extensive extrafacial lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, TM; Vieira, AP; Sousa-Basto, A.

    2008-01-01

    Rosacea is a very common skin disorder in the clinical practice that primarily affects the convex areas of the face. Extrafacial rosacea lesions have occasionally been described, but extensive involvement is exceptional. In the absence of its typical clinical or histological features, the diagnosis of extrafacial rosacea may be problematic. We describe an unusual case of rosacea with very exuberant extrafacial lesions, when compared with the limited involvement of the face.

  17. Pathology of serrated colorectal lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Adrian C

    2014-10-01

    The concept of serrated colorectal neoplasia has become recognised as a key process in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) and an important alternative pathway to malignancy compared with the long established ‘adenoma-carcinoma’ sequence. Increasing recognition of the morphological spectrum of serrated lesions has occurred in parallel with elucidation of the distinct molecular genetic characteristics of progression from normal mucosa, via the ‘serrated pathway’, to CRC. Some of these lesions can be difficult to identify at colonoscopy. Challenges for pathologists include the requirement for accurate recognition of the forms of serrated lesions that are associated with a significant risk of malignant progression and therefore the need for widely disseminated reproducible criteria for their diagnosis. Alongside this process, pathologists and endoscopists need to formulate clear guidelines for the management of patients with these lesions, particularly with respect to the optimal follow-up intervals. This review provides practical guidance for the recognition of these lesions by pathologists, a discussion of ‘serrated adenocarcinoma’ and an insight into the distinct molecular genetic alterations that are seen in this spectrum of lesions in comparison to those that characterise the classic ‘adenoma-carcinoma’ sequence. PMID:24561317

  18. Pineal lesions: a multidisciplinary challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westphal, Manfred; Emami, Pedram

    2015-01-01

    The pineal region is a complex anatomical compartment, harbouring the pineal gland surrounded by the quadrigeminal plate and the confluents of the internal cerebral veins to form the vein of Galen. The complexity of lesions in that region, however, goes far beyond the pineal parenchyma proper. Originating in the pineal gland, there are not only benign cysts but also numerous different tumour types. In addition, lesions such as tectal gliomas, tentorial meningiomas and choroid plexus papillomas arise from the surrounding structures, occupying that regions. Furthermore, the area has an affinity for metastatic lesions. Vascular lesions complete the spectrum mainly as small tectal arteriovenous malformations or cavernous haemangiomas.Taken together, there is a wide spectrum of lesions, many unique to that region, which call for a multidisciplinary approach. The limited access and anatomical complexity have generated a spectrum of anatomical approaches and raised the interest for neuroendoscopic approaches. Equally complex is the spectrum of treatment modalities such as microsurgery as the main option but stereotactic radiosurgery as an alternative or adjuvant to surgery for selected cases, radiation as for germinoma (see below) and or combinatorial chemotherapy, which may need to precede any other ablative technique as constituents.In this context, we review the current literature and our own series to obtain a snapshot sentiment of how to approach pineal lesions, how to interrelate alternative/competing concepts and review the recent technological advances. PMID:25411146

  19. Indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in lung cancer patients: SPECT, CT or SPECT-CT?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Punit; Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, Harmandeep; Bal, Chandrasekhar; Malhotra, Arun [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Nuclear Medicine, New Delhi (India); Julka, Pramod Kumar [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiation Oncology, New Delhi (India); Thulkar, Sanjay [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiodiagnosis, New Delhi (India)

    2012-07-15

    The objective of the present study was to compare the role of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT) and SPECT-CT of selected volume in lung cancer patients with indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy (BS). The data of 50 lung cancer patients (53 {+-} 10.3 years; range 30-75; male/female 38/12) with 65 indeterminate lesions on planar BS (January 2010 to November 2010) were retrospectively evaluated. All of them underwent SPECT-CT of a selected volume. SPECT, CT and SPECT-CT images were independently evaluated by two experienced readers (experience in musculoskeletal imaging, including CT: 5 and 7 years) in separate sessions. A scoring scale of 1 to 5 was used, in which 1 is definitely metastatic, 2 is probably metastatic, 3 is indeterminate, 4 is probably benign and 5 is definitely benign. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for each modality, taking a score {<=}2 as metastatic. With receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated for each modality and compared. Clinical and imaging follow-up and/or histopathology were taken as reference standard. For both readers SPECT was inferior to CT (P = 0.004, P = 0.022) and SPECT-CT (P = 0.003, P = 0.037). However, no significant difference was found between CT and SPECT-CT for reader 1 (P = 0.847) and reader 2 (P = 0.592). The findings were similar for lytic as well as sclerotic lesions. Moderate inter-observer agreement was seen for SPECT images ({kappa} = 0.426), while almost perfect agreement was seen for CT ({kappa} = 0.834) and SPECT-CT ({kappa} = 0.971). CT alone and SPECT-CT are better than SPECT for accurate characterisation of indeterminate lesions on planar BS in lung cancer patients. CT alone is not inferior to SPECT-CT for this purpose and might be preferred because of shorter acquisition time and wider availability. (orig.)

  20. Indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in lung cancer patients: SPECT, CT or SPECT-CT?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the present study was to compare the role of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT) and SPECT-CT of selected volume in lung cancer patients with indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy (BS). The data of 50 lung cancer patients (53 ± 10.3 years; range 30-75; male/female 38/12) with 65 indeterminate lesions on planar BS (January 2010 to November 2010) were retrospectively evaluated. All of them underwent SPECT-CT of a selected volume. SPECT, CT and SPECT-CT images were independently evaluated by two experienced readers (experience in musculoskeletal imaging, including CT: 5 and 7 years) in separate sessions. A scoring scale of 1 to 5 was used, in which 1 is definitely metastatic, 2 is probably metastatic, 3 is indeterminate, 4 is probably benign and 5 is definitely benign. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for each modality, taking a score ?2 as metastatic. With receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated for each modality and compared. Clinical and imaging follow-up and/or histopathology were taken as reference standard. For both readers SPECT was inferior to CT (P = 0.004, P = 0.022) and SPECT-CT (P = 0.003, P = 0.037). However, no significant difference was found between CT and SPECT-CT for reader 1 (P = 0.847) and reader 2 (P = 0.592). The findings were similar for lytic as well as sclerotic lesions. Moderate inter-observer agreement was seen for SPECT images (? = 0.426), while almost perfect agreement was seen for CT (? = 0.834) and SPECT-CT (? = 0.971). CT alone and SPECT-CT are better than SPECT for accurate characterisation of indeterminate lesions on planar BS in lung cancer patients. CT alone is not inferior to SPECT-CT for this purpose and might be preferred because of shorter acquisition time and wider availability. (orig.)

  1. Lesiones Pigmentadas: Valoración Dermatoscópica / Pigmented lesions: Dermatoscopic evaluation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Juan, Carbayo García.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 73 años de edad que consulta por la presencia de varias lesiones maculopapulares de color marrón oscuro en región frontal siguiendo el nacimiento del pelo, de crecimiento y aparición progresiva, de varios meses de evolución. El diagnóstico a simple vista es dudoso [...] , haciéndonos pensar en queratosis seborreica, nevus atípico, melanoma o carcinoma basocelular. La dermatoscopia es una técnica de interés creciente para todos los médicos, posee una utilidad demostrada en el estudio de los tumores cutáneos, especialmente los pigmentados, y facilita el diagnóstico diferencial y la mejora de la precisión diagnóstica. Mediante este examen, las lesiones presentan estructuras características de carcinoma basocelular. Abstract in english We present the case of a 73 year old woman, who came to the consultancy due to several dark-brown maculopapular lesions on her forehead, all along the hairline. The lesions exhibited progressive growth and appeared to be of several months of evolution. At first glance diagnosis was unclear and led u [...] s to consider seborrhoeic keratosis, atypical nevus, melanoma or basal cell carcinoma. Dermatoscopy is a technique of increasing interest for the medical community since it has been demonstrated to be useful in the study of cutaneous tumours, specially pigmented ones. It facilitates differential diagnosis and improves diagnostic precision. Using this technique we determined that the lesions had the typical structures of basal cell carcinoma.

  2. Implante de biomateriais e a consolidação óssea em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia Influence of biomaterials on the bony consolidation in spayed female dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.I. Roque-Rodriguez

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e hidroxiapatita com colágeno na aceleração da consolidação óssea do rádio de cadelas adultas submetidas à ovariossalpingo-histerectomia (OSH. Utilizaram-se 14 cadelas adultas, distribuídas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo-controle e grupo OSH (submetidas à OSH. Quatro meses após a OSH, as cadelas dos dois grupos foram submetidas à cirurgia para produção de uma falha óssea de 4mm de diâmetro nos terços distal e proximal do rádio. No terço distal do membro direito, foi utilizada a hidroxiapatita com alandronato e, no membro esquerdo, a hidroxiapatita com colágeno; no terço proximal, não se utilizou nenhum biomaterial. Houve retardo na consolidação das falhas ósseas nas cadelas submetidas à OSH comparadas com as não submetidas. A hidroxiapatita com alandronato acelerou o processo de reparação e, em todos os animais dos dois grupos, a densidade óssea foi significativamente maior no terço distal onde foi implantada. Os dois biomateriais apresentaram biocompatibilidade, constatada pela ausência de reação inflamatória ou outra reação indesejável.The hydroxyapatite with alendronate and hydroxyapatite with collagen were evaluated in the acceleration of the bony consolidation of adult spayed bitch radius. For that, 14 adult bitches were distributed in two groups (control and spayed. Four months after ovariohysterectomy, the groups were submitted to the surgery for production of a 4mm diameter bony flaw in the distal and proximal third regions of the radius. In the distal region of the right thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with alendronate was used. In the distal region of the left thoracic limb, hydroxyapatite with collagen was used. Any biomaterial was used in proximal part of the limb. There was a retard in bony flaws consolidation in the spayed bitches. Hydroxyapatite with alendronate showed better result, since the place it was implanted considerably increased the bony formation. Both biomaterials presented biocompatibility, verified by the absence of inflammatory reaction or other undesirable reaction.

  3. Morphometry and Variations of Bony Ponticles of the Atlas Vertebrae (C1) in Kenyans Morfometría y Variaciones de Puentes Óseos de la Vértebra Atlas (C1) en Kenianos

    OpenAIRE

    P Karau Bundi; J. A Ogeng´o; J HASSANALI; P. O Odula

    2010-01-01

    Atlas bridges, the bony outgrowths over the third segment of the vertebral artery are associated with compression of the artery and nerves. There are limited studies comparing morphometry of the complete atlas bridges and that of the ipsilateral transverse foramen. Bilateral and gender differences in the morphometry of the complete bridges remain relatively unexplored. One hundred and two atlas vertebrae (49 male and 53 female) obtained from the Osteology Department of the National Museums of...

  4. Creation of bony microenvironment with CaP and cell-derived ECM to enhance human bone-marrow MSC behavior and delivery of BMP-2

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Yunqing; Kim, Sungwoo; Khademhosseini, Ali; Yang, Yunzhi

    2011-01-01

    Extracellular matrix (ECM) comprises a rich meshwork of proteins and proteoglycans, which not only contains biological cues for cell behavior, but is also a reservoir for binding growth factors and controlling their release. Here we aimed to create a suitable bony microenvironment with cell-derived ECM and biodegradable ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP). More specifically, we investigated whether the ECM produced by bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSC) on a ?-TCP scaffold can bind ...

  5. Demonstration of pseudorabies virus DNA in the mouse inner ear by an in situ nucleic acid hybridization technique in plastic embedded bony material

    OpenAIRE

    Falser, N; Bandtlow, I.; M. Hausmann; Wolf, Hans J.

    1986-01-01

    This investigation is concerned with the possibility of identifying viral DNA using the in situ DNA hybridization method in methylmethacrylate-embedded material. As an experimental model we chose viral labyrinthitis produced by intranasal infection of the mouse with pseudorabies virus. Fixation and embedding methods specially adapted to this procedure and bony histology preparation technique (specimens by grinding or micromilling) made it possible to identify viral DNA directly morphologicall...

  6. Calcification mechanism and bony bonding studies of calcium carbonate and composite aluminosilicate/calcium phosphate applied as biomaterials by using radioactivation methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bony grafts are used as a filling biomaterial for defective bone. The introduction of new range of synthetic materials offers to surgeons additional possibilities to avoid virus transmission risks by using natural grafts in bony surgery. In this work, two materials, synthetic calcium carbonate and composite aluminosilicate/calcium phosphate were synthesized by an original method and experimented 'in vivo' as biomaterials for bony filling. Extracted biopsies were studied by several physico chemical and biological methods. The aim was to evaluate the kinetic resorption and bioconsolidation of these materials. We focused on the bioconsolidation between implant and bone by realising cartographies from the implant to the bone and on the calcification mechanism by determination of the origin of Ca and Sr responsible of the neo-formed bone. Neutron activation analysis (NAA), radiotracers 45Ca* and 85Sr* and proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) were used. Concerning the synthetic calcium carbonate, results show that twelve months after implantation, the mineral composition of implant becomes similar to that of the mature bone. The neoformed bone is composed with Ca and Sr coming from the organism when the Ca and Sr of the implant were progressively eliminated. Concerning the composite geopolymer/calcium phosphate, PIXE and histological studies reveal the intimate links between the bone and the implant starting with the first month after implantation. (author)

  7. Laboratory effect of Boni Protect containing Aureobasidium pullulans (de Bary Arnoud in the control of some fungal diseases of apple fruit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of Aureobasidium pullulans (in the biopreparation Boni Protect against different pathogens of apples (Botrytis cinerea, Monilinia fructigena, Penicillium expansum, and Pezicula malicorticis was evaluated under laboratory con- ditions. The biocontrol product was applied at concentrations of 0.05%, 0.1%, and 0.5%. Fruits of apple cultivars 'Jonagold Decosta' and 'Pinova' were used. Boni Protect was very effective against B. cinerea on cv. 'Jonagold Decosta', reducing disease incidence by 55–83.8%. On 'Pinova' apples, this biological control product was the most efficient at earlier stages of the experiment. It inhibited grey mold by 65% after 5 days from inoculation and only by 14% after 20 days. On cv. 'Jonagold Decosta', Boni Protect at a concentration of 0.1% was also effective against M. fructigena, reducing brown rot by 31.4–74.5%, but its efficiency on cv. 'Pinova' was not significant. Blue mold caused by P. expansum was inhibited only slightly by the biocontrol product, while P. malicorticis proved to be the most resistant to its antagonistic abilities.

  8. Lesiones periapicales: diagnóstico y tratamiento / Periapical lesions: diagnosis and treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., García-Rubio; A.L., Bujaldón-Daza; A., Rodríguez-Archilla.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Las lesiones periapicales resultado de la necrosis de la pulpa dental son las patologías que más frecuentemente ocurren encontradas en el hueso alveolar. El tratamiento consiste en la eliminación de los agentes infecciosos mediante el tratamiento del canal radicular, permitiendo la cicatrización de [...] la lesión. Abstract in english Periapical lesions, which are a result of the necrosis of the dental pulp, are the most frequently occurring diseases found in the alveolar bone. The treatment involves the removal of infectious agents by treating the root canal, allowing the wound healing. [...

  9. Destructive lesions of the brain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The destructive lesions of the brain include a wide variety of congential and postnatally acquired lesions, variably designated porencephaly, schizencephaly, multicystic encephalomalacia and micrencephaly. The term ''porencephaly'' has been a source of confusion since it was first coined by Heschl in 1859. At first, ''porencephaly'' was used to describe a defect which extended through the full thickness of the cerebral mantle. The ventricular lumen then communicated with the subarachnoid space through the ''porus''. Later ''porencephaly'' was used indiscriminately to describe any cavity of the brain parenchyma, whatever its etiology, pathogenesis, or time of development. This problem in nomenclature was compounded by inability to determine whether the cavities observed represented ''true'' malformations or acquired encephaloclastic lesions. In 1946, Yakovlev and Wadsworth published two papers entitled ''Schizencephalies; study of the congenital clefts in the cerebral mantle''. In these works, they stressed the peculiar morphology of the congenital porencephalies, and suggested that these lesions were sufficiently distinctive to be isolated from the other defects of the brain. Without addressing the precise origin or developmental course of these lesions, they pointed out that the morphologic changes indicated partial agenesis of the cerebral mantle at an early stage of development. (orig.)

  10. MRI of the stener lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Six cadaver thumbs had ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears created surgically. MR examinations (2D STIR and 3D GRASS) were performed identically on all specimens both before displacement (non-Stener) and after displacement (Stener lesion) of the UCL. The MR images were then randomly numbered. Each image was evaluated separately in blinded fashion by four musculoskeletal radiologists for the presence or absence of a Stener lesion. Each radiologist reinterpreted the images after an interval of several days. The interpretation was based on previously published criteria for Stener lesion diagnosis by MR. The sensitivity of GRASS ranged from 0.17 to 0.67 with the most experienced reader scoring the lowest. The specificity of GRASS ranged from 0.33 to 1.0 (most experienced reader 0.67, 0.83). STIR had a sensitivity of 0.00-0.17 and a specificity of 0.53-0.83. The K values for inter- and intraobserver agreement were measured. The intraobserver K for GRASS was 0.27-0.75 (most experienced reader 0.75). 2D imaging is probably inadequate for the evaluation of Stener lesions. The most likely reason is that the STIR slice thickness of 3 mm limits resolution of small UCLs. The poor sensitivity and specificity of GRASS as well as poor interobserver agreement suggest that MR may not be sufficiently accurate for Stener lesion evaluation. (orig./MG)

  11. Lesiones focales hepáticas en niños / Focal liver lesions in children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adalis, Rossell; Dianora, Navarro; Karolina, López; Enicar, Perla; Betzabeth, Quintana; Credy, Figueredo; Andrea, Nogales; Katiuska, Belandria.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones focales del hígado comprenden un grupo heterogéneo de entidades como tumores benignos y malignos, sólidos o quistes, vasculares, masas inflamatorias y metástasis, entre otras. Objetivo: reportar lesiones focales hepáticas en niños, características clínicas, estudios por im [...] ágenes y conducta terapéutica. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, basado en la revisión de 16 historias clínicas de niños con lesiones focales hepáticas en el periodo comprendido entre enero 2007 a enero 2012. Se excluyeron los abscesos hepáticos. Resultados: El 68,75%11 eran del sexo masculino y 31,25%5 del sexo femenino; con edad promedio de 9,5 años (rango: 10 días - 14 años). Las lesiones focales benignas fueron: hemangioma 4/16 (25%), hematoma hepático 4/16 (25%), quiste hepático 3/16 (18,75%), hiperplasia nodular focal 1/16 (6,25%) adenoma 1/16 (6,25%) y las malignas: hepatocarcinoma 2/16 (12,50%) y hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6,25%). La mayoría de los pacientes (56,25%) se encontraban asintomáticos, 3/16 (18,75%) presentaron dolor abdominal, 3/16 (18,75%) masa palpable y 2/16 (12,5%) ictericia. La lesión fue identificada por ultrasonido abdominal en todos los pacientes y sólo el 56,25% (9/16) ameritaron tomografía con contraste. Al 43,75% (7/16) se les realizó marcadores tumorales y de estos el 42,85% (3/7) reportaron neoplasias. El funcionalismo hepático reportó normal en el 75% de los casos. Conclusión: El ultrasonido abdominal es el método de elección para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las lesiones focales hepáticas, mientras el origen de las mismas, guía la conducta terapéutica. Abstract in english Introduction: focal liver lesions comprise a heterogeneous group of entities such as benign and malignant, solid or cysts, vascular, inflammatory masses and metastasis among others. Objective: To report focal liver lesions in children, clinical features, imaging and therapeutic behavior. Patients an [...] d Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study based on a review of 16 case histories of children with focal liver lesions in the period from January 2007 to January 2012. Liver abscesses were excluded. Results: 68.75%11 were male and 31.25%5 females, mean age 9.5 years (range: 10 days - 14 years). Focal lesions were benign: Hemangioma 4/16 (25%), liver hematoma 4/16 (25%), hepatic cyst 3/16 (18.75%), nodular focal hyperplasia 1/16 (6.25%) and adenomas 1/16 (6.25%) and malignant: Hepatocellular carcinoma 2/16 (12.50%) and hepatoblastoma 1/16 (6.25%). Most patients (56.25%) were asymptomatic, 3/16 (18.75%) had abdominal pain, 3/16 (18.75%) and palpable mass 2/16 (12.5%) jaundice. The lesion was identified by abdominal ultrasound in all patients and only 56.25% (9/16) needed tomography with contrast. To 43.75% (7/16) underwent tumor markers and of these 42.85% (3/7) reported neoplasm. Normal hepatic function reported in 75% of cases. Conclusion: An abdominal ultrasound is the method of choice for the diagnosis and management of focal liver lesions, while the origin of them, guide therapeutic conduct.

  12. Preservation of the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle in the osteotomy of benign lesions of the mandible using a digital template.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Dong; Chen, MinJie; He, DongMei; Yang, Chi; Yuan, JianBing; Bai, Guo; Wang, YiWen; Wei, WenBin; Chen, ZhuoZhi

    2015-09-01

    Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a digital template in the preservation of the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle during osteotomy for benign lesions of the mandible in 6 patients who were treated with mandibular osteotomies during 2013. Computed tomographic (CT) data were imported into ProPlan CMF 1.4 software. The borders of the lesion and the inferior alveolar canal were marked, and a digital template designed to mark the borders, outline the canal, and guide the osteotomy. A mirror image of the unaffected mandible was used to make a stereolithographic model by a rapid prototyping technique to prefabricate the reconstruction plate for the bone graft. The accuracy of the designs and the templates was evaluated during operation and postoperatively by CT. The sensation of the skin was tested using a Neurometer® CPT (current perception threshold) sensory detector (Neurotron Inc, Baltimore USA) to evaluate the function of the preserved inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle during follow up. With the digital template it was possible to guide removal of the bony lesion while accurately protecting the neurovascular bundle. Follow up for a mean of 8 months (range 5 -12) showed good facial symmetry, a stable occlusion, and recovery of sensation in the lower lip on the affected side. We conclude that a digital template can successfully help the resection of benign lesions of the mandible while preserving the function of the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle. PMID:25962995

  13. Disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis diagnosis based on oral lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Preto Webber

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM is a deep mycosis with primary lung manifestations that may present cutaneous and oral lesions. Oral lesions mimic other infectious diseases or even squamous cell carcinoma, clinically and microscopically. Sometimes, the dentist is the first to detect the disease, because lung lesions are asymptomatic, or even misdiagnosed. An unusual case of PCM with 5 months of evolution presenting pulmonary, oral, and cutaneous lesions that was diagnosed by the dentist based on oral lesions is presented and discussed.

  14. Can Small Lesions Induce Language Reorganization as Large Lesions Do?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maestu, Fernando; Saldana, Cristobal; Amo, Carlos; Gonzalez-Hidalgo, Mercedes; Fernandez, Alberto; Fernandez, Santiago; Mata, Pedro; Papanicolaou, Andrew; Ortiz, Tomas

    2004-01-01

    Shift of the cortical mechanisms of language from the usually dominant left to the non-dominant right hemisphere has been demonstrated in the presence of large brain lesions. Here, we report a similar phenomenon in a patient with a cavernoma over the anterolateral superior temporal gyrus associated with epilepsy. Language mapping was performed by…

  15. MR imaging of ocular lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifty-nine of various ocular lesions were studied with MR. CT was performed in 39 of them, and compared with MR findings. MR was superior to CT in 31 cases. In diagnosis of neoplasms, MR could demonstrate delineation of tumors and their extent, especially better in visualization of secondary retinal detachment. Signal intensities and morphology were helpful to estimate histological diagnosis. Also, MR was superior to CT in diagnosis of retinal detachment, inflammation, trauma, and other conditions. MR was proved to be more useful than CT in diagnosis of ocular lesions, and should be done before CT, except in suspicious of metallic foreign bodies. (author)

  16. Imaging inflammatory acne: lesion detection and tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cula, Gabriela O.; Bargo, Paulo R.; Kollias, Nikiforos

    2010-02-01

    It is known that effectiveness of acne treatment increases when the lesions are detected earlier, before they could progress into mature wound-like lesions, which lead to scarring and discoloration. However, little is known about the evolution of acne from early signs until after the lesion heals. In this work we computationally characterize the evolution of inflammatory acne lesions, based on analyzing cross-polarized images that document acne-prone facial skin over time. Taking skin images over time, and being able to follow skin features in these images present serious challenges, due to change in the appearance of skin, difficulty in repositioning the subject, involuntary movement such as breathing. A computational technique for automatic detection of lesions by separating the background normal skin from the acne lesions, based on fitting Gaussian distributions to the intensity histograms, is presented. In order to track and quantify the evolution of lesions, in terms of the degree of progress or regress, we designed a study to capture facial skin images from an acne-prone young individual, followed over the course of 3 different time points. Based on the behavior of the lesions between two consecutive time points, the automatically detected lesions are classified in four categories: new lesions, resolved lesions (i.e. lesions that disappear completely), lesions that are progressing, and lesions that are regressing (i.e. lesions in the process of healing). The classification our methods achieve correlates well with visual inspection of a trained human grader.

  17. Lesiones de cameron: experiencia clínica / Cameron lesions: clinical experience

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto J., Bernardo; Juan P., Portocarrero; Martín, Tagle.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Es importante considerar a las lesiones de Cameron dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de causas de anemia por deficiencia de hierro secundarias a pérdidas gastrointestinales. Presentamos los datos demográficos, los hallazgos clínico-patológicos y el manejo terapéutico de pacientes con úlceras de Cam [...] eron evaluados en una clínica privada de Lima, Perú. Doce pacientes, nueve de ellos hombres, fueron incluidos en el reporte. La media de la edad al momento del diagnostico fue de 71 años (rango de edades 49-91 años). Cinco pacientes tuvieron anemia, uno de ellos catalogado como anemia severa. 91.7% de los pacientes presentaron hernias hiatales gigantes. Todos los pacientes con anemia tenían hiatos herniarios gigantes. Dos pacientes tuvieron pruebas positivas para infección por H. pylori. Dos pacientes refirieron crónico de anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES). Conclusiones: Las úlceras de Cameron son lesiones causantes de sangrado gastrointestinal crónico, y deben considerarse en el estudio de pacientes con anemia por déficit de hierro. Abstract in english Cameron lesions are becoming an increasingly important diagnosis in the evaluation of patients with iron deficiency anemia. We describe the demographic data, clinico-pathologic features and therapeutic outcome of a group of patients with Cameron lesions at a single private practice clinic in Lima, P [...] eru. Twelve patients (9 men) were included in the report Median age at diagnosis was 71 years (range 49-91). Five patients had anemia and one of them had severe anemia. 91.7% of our patients presented with large hiatal| hernias. There were 5 patients with anemia and large hernias. Two patients tested positive for H. pylori. Two patients reported chronic NSAIDs use. Conclusions: Cameron lesions are not an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and should be kept in mind in the study of patients with iron deficiency anemia.

  18. Imaging of extradural spinal lesions; Bildgebung extraduraler Raumforderungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahlhelm, F.; Schulte-Altedorneburg, G.; Naumann, N.; Reith, W. (Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Homburg/Saar); Nabhan, A. (Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar, Klinik fuer Allgemeine und Spezielle Neurochirurgie)

    2006-12-15

    There is a wide variety of spinal extradural tumors. In addition to real neoplasms, degenerative diseases, congenital abnormalities and inflammatory disorders can be causes of extradural masses. Due to the bony boundary of the spinal canal, both benign as well as malignant masses can cause progressive neurological deficits including paraplegia. Most of the spinal tumors are benign (hemangioma of the vertebral body, degenerative diseases). In younger patients congenital abnormalities and primary tumors of the spine have to be considered, whereas in adults the list of differential diagnoses should include secondary malignancies such as metastases and lymphomas as well as metabolic disorders such as osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture and Paget's disease. Cross-sectional imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) of the spine often help to make a specific diagnosis of extradural spinal lesions and represent important tools for tumor staging and preoperative evaluation. (orig.) Das Spektrum der spinalen extraduralen Tumoren ist sehr gross. Neben echten Neoplasien koennen auch degenerative Veraenderungen und Anlagestoerungen sowie entzuendliche Veraenderungen Ursachen einer extraduralen Raumforderung sein. Aufgrund der knoechernen Begrenzung des Spinalkanals koennen neben Malignomen auch benigne Tumoren und degenerative spinale Veraenderungen zu progredienten neurologischen Ausfallsymptomen (einschliesslich Querschnittsymptomatik) fuehren. Die ueberwiegende Mehrzahl der extraduralen Raumforderungen der Wirbelsaeule ist benigne (Haemangiom des Wirbelkoerpers, degenerative Erkrankungen). Bei jungen Patienten sind Anlagestoerungen und primaere Wirbelsaeulentumoren zu beruecksichtigen, wogegen beim Erwachsenen an sekundaere Malignome, wie Metastasen und Lymphome sowie eine metabolische Erkrankung, wie die osteoporotische Wirbelkoerpersinterungsfraktur oder der Morbus Paget, differenzialdiagnostisch gedacht werden sollte. Schnittbilddiagnostische Verfahren, wie die Computertomographie und die Magnetresonanztomographie, der Wirbelsaeule ermoeglichen in vielen Faellen eine artdiagnostische Zuordnung von Wirbelsaeulenlaesionen und sind ein wichtiges Instrument fuer das Tumorstaging und die praeoperative Planung. (orig.)

  19. COL1A1 C-propeptide cleavage site mutation causes high bone mass, bone fragility and jaw lesions: a new cause of gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McInerney-Leo, A M; Duncan, E L; Leo, P J; Gardiner, B; Bradbury, L A; Harris, J E; Clark, G R; Brown, M A; Zankl, A

    2015-07-01

    Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD) is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by bone fragility, irregular bone mineral density (BMD) and fibro-osseous lesions in the skull and jaw. Mutations in Anoctamin-5 (ANO5) have been identified in some cases. We aimed to identify the causative mutation in a family with features of GDD but no mutation in ANO5, using whole exome capture and massive parallel sequencing (WES). WES of two affected individuals (a mother and son) and the mother's unaffected parents identified a mutation in the C-propeptide cleavage site of COL1A1. Similar mutations have been reported in individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and paradoxically increased BMD. C-propeptide cleavage site mutations in COL1A1 may not only cause 'high bone mass OI', but also the clinical features of GDD, specifically irregular sclerotic BMD and fibro-osseous lesions in the skull and jaw. GDD patients negative for ANO5 mutations should be assessed for mutations in type I collagen C-propeptide cleavage sites. PMID:24891183

  20. Focal lesions of the patella

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hedayati, B. [Royal national Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, Brockley Hill Stanmore, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Lewisham Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, A. [Royal national Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, Brockley Hill Stanmore, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2009-08-15

    Focal lesions of the patella may be identified during the investigation of anterior knee pain or as an incidental finding on radiological images. This pictorial review describes the radiographic appearances of a wide range of conditions that have been seen in this sesamoid bone. Where appropriate, computed tomography and magnetic resonance features have been included. (orig.)

  1. Stereotactic lesioning for mental illness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report stereotactically created lesioning by radiofrequency or Cyberknife radiosurgery for patients with mental illness. Since 1993, thirty-eight patients have undergone stereotactic psychosurgery for medically intractable mental illnesses. Two patients had aggressive behavior. Twenty-five patients suffered from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and ten patients had depression. Another patient suffered from atypical psychosis. Bilateral amygdalotomy and subcaudate tractotomy were done for aggressive behavior. Limbic leucotomy or anterior cingulotomy was done for CCD and subcaudate tractotomy with or without cingulotomy was done for depression. In twenty-three patients, the lesions were made by a radiofrequency (RF) lesion generator. In fifteen cases, the lesions were made with Cyberknife Radiosurgery (CKRS). The Overt Aggression Scale (OAS) declined from 8 to 2 with clinical improvement during follow up period. With long-term follow up (meaning 57 months) in 25 OCDs, the mean Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Score (YBOCS) declined from 34 to 13 (n = 25). The Hamilton Depression scale (HAMD) for ten patients with depression declined from 38.5 to 10.5 (n = 10). There was no operative mortality and no significant morbidity except one case with transient urinary incontinence. Authors suggest that stereotactic psychosurgery by RF and CKRS could be a safe and effective means of treating some medically intractable mental illnesses. (author)

  2. Petrous apex lesions in the pediatric population

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radhakrishnan, Rupa [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Son, Hwa Jung [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Koch, Bernadette L. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2014-03-15

    A variety of abnormal imaging findings of the petrous apex are encountered in children. Many petrous apex lesions are identified incidentally while images of the brain or head and neck are being obtained for indications unrelated to the temporal bone. Differential considerations of petrous apex lesions in children include ''leave me alone'' lesions, infectious or inflammatory lesions, fibro-osseous lesions, neoplasms and neoplasm-like lesions, as well as a few rare miscellaneous conditions. Some lesions are similar to those encountered in adults, and some are unique to children. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and primary and metastatic pediatric malignancies such as neuroblastoma, rhabomyosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma are more likely to be encountered in children. Lesions such as petrous apex cholesterol granuloma, cholesteatoma and chondrosarcoma are more common in adults and are rarely a diagnostic consideration in children. We present a comprehensive pictorial review of CT and MRI appearances of pediatric petrous apex lesions. (orig.)

  3. Imaging of Chest Wall Lesions in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Hekmatnia

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Chest wall lesions in childhood include a wide range of pathologies; Benign lesions include lipoma, neurofibroma, lymphangioma, hemangioma, and mesenchymal hamartoma."nMalignant lesions include Neuroblastoma, Rhabdo-myosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and Askin tumor."nSystemic diseases such as leukemia, lymphoma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and also infections such as tuberculosis, and actinomycosis may also cause chest wall lesions."nThe imaging characteristics of these lesions are re-viewed, but only a minority of the lesions shows diagnostic imaging features, and most of lesions re-quire biopsy and histopathological examination for "ndefinitive diagnosis."nThe role of different modalities is discussed with an emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging for demonstrating lesion morphology and local spread. Computed tomography and neuclear medicine being used mainly to assess remote disease."nIn this lecture, we discuss about imaging of chest wall lesions in children.

  4. What affects detectability of lesion–deficit relationships in lesion studies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayo Inoue

    2014-01-01

    Our simulations offer a quantitative basis for interpreting lesion studies in cognitive neuroscience. We suggest ways in which lesion simulation and analysis frameworks could be productively extended.

  5. The added value of multislice SPECT/CT in patients with equivocal bony metastasis from carcinoma of the prostate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helyar, Vincent [King' s College London, School of Medicine, Taunton, Somerset (United Kingdom); Mohan, Hosahalli K.; Barwick, Tara; Livieratos, Lefteris; Gnanasegaran, Gopinath; Clarke, Susan E.M.; Fogelman, Ignac [Guy' s and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Department of Nuclear Medicine, London (United Kingdom)

    2010-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the additional value of single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) over whole-body planar bone scintigraphy and SPECT in prostate cancer patients in terms of diagnostic confidence, inter-reviewer agreement and the possible impact on the clinical management. This was a retrospective review of 40 consecutive prostate cancer patients (mean age 71 years) who underwent {sup 99m}Tc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) whole-body planar bone scintigraphy, SPECT and SPECT/CT between April 2006 and April 2008. The images were evaluated by two independent reviewers; inter-reviewer agreement was evaluated using a weighted kappa score. Each focus of abnormal increased tracer uptake was recorded using a 4-point diagnostic confidence scale. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Fifty lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in the 40 patients were evaluated. On reporting the planar study and SPECT scans, reviewers rated 61% of lesions as equivocal. On reporting the SPECT/CT scans only 8% of lesions were rated as equivocal, 24% were rated as malignant and 68% as benign. Weighted kappa scores for inter-reviewer agreement were 0.43 for bone scintigraphy, 0.56 for SPECT and 0.87 for SPECT/CT. All were significant at p < 0.0001. Follow-up imaging confirmed the SPECT/CT diagnoses in 14 patients. The addition of SPECT/CT resulted in a significant reduction of equivocal reports; a definitive diagnosis was given in the majority of the patients due to the improved diagnostic confidence compared to planar or SPECT imaging alone in prostate cancer patients with suspected bone metastases. (orig.)

  6. Use of enamel matrix protein derivative with minimally invasive surgical approach in intra-bony periodontal defects: clinical and patient-centered outcomes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernanda Vieira, Ribeiro; Francisco Humberto, Nociti Júnior; Enilson Antonio, Sallum; Antonio Wilson, Sallum; Márcio Zaffalon, Casati.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente após abordagem cirúrgica minimamente invasiva (CMI) associada à aplicação das proteínas derivadas da matriz do esmalte (PDE) no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos. Doze pacientes apresentando um sítio com profundidad [...] e de sondagem >5 mm e sangramento à sondagem , associado à evidência radiográfica de defeito infra-ósseo, foram tratados com CMI e aplicação das PDE. Os parâmetros clínicos foram avaliados imediatamente antes do procedimento e após 3 e 6 meses. A percepção de dor e desconforto do paciente durante o período trans-cirúrgico e ao longo da primeira semana de pós-operatório, bem como a satisfação estética 6 meses após o tratamento, foram avaliadas por meio de questionários. Os resultados mostraram que o uso da CMI associada à aplicação de PDE promoveu melhoras estatisticamente significantes nos parâmetros clínicos, mínima dor e desconforto e máxima satisfação estética aos pacientes. Dentro dos limites do estudo, foi demonstrado que a associação de CMI e PDE, no tratamento de defeitos infra-ósseos, é capaz de promover satisfatórios resultados clínicos e centrados no paciente. Abstract in english This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >5 mm and bleedi [...] ng on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect were treated by MIST associated with EMD. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Patient perception during the intraoperative period and during the first postoperative week was evaluated. The use of MIST with EDM promoted significant improvements in clinical parameters, minimal pain/discomfort and maximum esthetics satisfaction. Within of limits of the present study, it could be shown that MIST combined with EMD for the treatment of intra-bony defects promotes satisfactory clinical and patient-centered outcomes.

  7. Unsharp masking technique as a preprocessing filter for improvement of 3D-CT image of bony structure in the maxillofacial region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluated the usefulness of the unsharp masking technique as a preprocessing filter to improve 3D-CT images of bony structure in the maxillofacial region. The effect of the unsharp masking technique with several combinations of mask size and weighting factor on image resolution was investigated using a spatial frequency phantom made of bone-equivalent material. The 3D-CT images were obtained with scans perpendicular to and parallel to the phantom plates. The contrast transfer function (CTF) and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of each spatial frequency component were measured. The FWHM was expressed as a ratio against the actual thickness of phantom plate. The effect on pseudoforamina was assessed using sliced CT images obtained in clinical bony 3D-CT examinations. The effect of the unsharp masking technique on image quality was also visually evaluated using five clinical fracture cases. CTFs did not change. FWHM ratios of original 3D-CT images were smaller than 1.0, regardless of the scanning direction. Those in scans perpendicular to the phantom plates were not changed by the unsharp masking technique. Those in parallel scanning were increased by mask size and weighting factor. The area of pseudoforamina decreased with increases in mask size and weighting factor. The combination of mask size 3 x 3 pixels and weighting factor 5 was optimal. Visual evaluation indicated that preprocessing with the unsharp masking technique improved the image quality of the 3D-CT images. The unsharp masking technique is useful as a preprocessing filter to improve the 3D-CT image of bony structure in the maxillofacial region. (author)

  8. Comparison of prostate set-up accuracy and margins with off-line bony anatomy corrections and online implanted fiducial-based corrections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The aim of the study was to determine prostate set-up accuracy and set-up margins with off-line bony anatomy-based imaging protocols, compared with online implanted fiducial marker-based imaging with daily corrections. Eleven patients were treated with implanted prostate fiducial markers and online set-up corrections. Pretreatment orthogonal electronic portal images were acquired to determine couch shifts and verification images were acquired during treatment to measure residual set-up error. The prostate set-up errors that would result from skin marker set-up, off-line bony anatomy-based protocols and online fiducial marker-based corrections were determined. Set-up margins were calculated for each set-up technique using the percentage of encompassed isocentres land a margin recipe. The prostate systematic set-up errors in the medial-lateral, superior-inferior and anterior-I posterior directions for skin marker set-up were 2.2, 3.6 and 4.5 mm (1 standard deviation). For our bony anatomy-I based off-line protocol the prostate systematic set-up errors were 1.6, 2.5 and 4.4 mm. For the online fiducial based set-up the results were 0.5, 1.4 and 1.4 mm. A prostate systematic error of 10.2 mm was uncorrected by the off-line bone protocol in one patient. Set-up margins calculated to encompass 98% of prostate set-up shifts were 111-14 mm with bone off-line set-up and 4-7 mm with online fiducial markers. Margins from the van Herk margin I recipe were generally 1-2 mm smaller. Bony anatomy-based set-up protocols improve the group prostate set-up error compared with skin marks; however, large prostate systematic errors can remain undetected or systematic (errors increased for individual patients. The margin required for set-up errors was found to be 10-15 mm unless I implanted fiducial markers are available for treatment guidance.

  9. Symmetrical thalamic lesions in infants.

    OpenAIRE

    Eicke, M; Briner, J; Willi, U; Uehlinger, J; Boltshauser, E.

    1992-01-01

    Clinical observations and findings on imaging are reported in six newborns with symmetrical thalamic lesions (STL). In three cases the diagnosis was confirmed by postmortem examination. Characteristic observations in this series and 17 previously reported cases include no evidence of perinatal asphyxia, high incidence of polyhydramnios, absent suck and swallow, absent primitive reflexes, appreciable spasticity at or within days of birth, lack of psychomotor development, and death within days ...

  10. Self-inflicted skin lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ring, Hans Christian; Smith, Matthias Nybro; Jemec, Gregor B E

    2014-01-01

    The current literature on the management of self-inflicted skin lesions points to an overall paucity of treatments with a high level of evidence (randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, or meta-analyses). In order to improve the communication between dermatologists and mental health professionals, the European Society for Dermatology and Psychiatry (ESDaP) recently proposed a classification of psychodermatological terms in order to establish a coherent use of terms across the medical fi...

  11. Precancerous lesions of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Alberto; Zanini, Vittorio

    2008-12-01

    The management of precancerous lesions of the breast has become a considerable clinical problem in the past 20 years, mostly as a consequence of increased detection due to the introduction of mammographic screening. It is not possible to identify with absolute certainty which of these lesions will progress to invasive carcinoma, and tailoring the treatment according to each individual case remains a challenge. There is a particular dilemma for surgeons, who must balance the risk of resecting too much and causing unnecessary cosmetic damage, or resecting too little and leaving an increased risk of recurrence. Further knowledge in the field of predictive and prognostic factors together with the development of gene-profiling techniques will, hopefully, provide answers to these questions. Among precancerous lesions of the breast, particular attention should be paid to ductal carcinoma in situ or intraductal carcinoma, appropriate treatment of which is crucial to prevent invasive breast cancer. Nearly all possible combinations of surgery, radiotherapy and medical treatments (anti-estrogens) have been tested in different clinical trials, but the situation is far from satisfactory. We believe that an important contribution can come from oncoplastic surgery, which is the application of plastic and reconstructive surgical techniques to ensure both radical excision of the disease and acceptable cosmetic outcomes. PMID:18825141

  12. Automatic segmentation of psoriasis lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Yang; Shi, Chenbo; Wang, Li; Shu, Chang

    2014-10-01

    The automatic segmentation of psoriatic lesions is widely researched these years. It is an important step in Computer-aid methods of calculating PASI for estimation of lesions. Currently those algorithms can only handle single erythema or only deal with scaling segmentation. In practice, scaling and erythema are often mixed together. In order to get the segmentation of lesions area - this paper proposes an algorithm based on Random forests with color and texture features. The algorithm has three steps. The first step, the polarized light is applied based on the skin's Tyndall-effect in the imaging to eliminate the reflection and Lab color space are used for fitting the human perception. The second step, sliding window and its sub windows are used to get textural feature and color feature. In this step, a feature of image roughness has been defined, so that scaling can be easily separated from normal skin. In the end, Random forests will be used to ensure the generalization ability of the algorithm. This algorithm can give reliable segmentation results even the image has different lighting conditions, skin types. In the data set offered by Union Hospital, more than 90% images can be segmented accurately.

  13. Follicular-patterned thyroid lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Fulya KÖYBA?IO?LU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Our aim is to determine the minimal cytopathologic criteria needed to make differential diagnosis in follicular-patterned lesions of the thyroid gland.Materials and Methods: We reviewed 56 fine needle aspiration cytology specimens which were reported as “suspicious for follicular-patterned lesions of thyroid” between years 2001 and 2005 in our hospital and their histological slides. Parameters for cytopathologic assesment are cellularity, colloid formation, multilayered rosette formation, follicular cell rings, monolayered sheets, intact follicles, hyperplastic papillae, hyaline stromal fragments, intranuclear inclusions, nuclear grooves, angulated nuclei, nucleoli, cerebriform nuclei, nuclear size, macrophages, flame cells and Hurthle cells. Statistical analysis was performed using ?2 and Fisher's-exact tests and Kolmogorov-Simirnov test.Results: Four cytopathologic features–cerebriform nuclei, angulated nuclei, nuclear grooves and intranuclear inclusion- were constantly observed in the follicular variant of papillary carcinoma (p< 0.05. Diluted colloid, monolayered sheet, nuclear size, macrophage and nucleoli were frequently seen in nodular hyperplasia (p< 0.05. The nuclear size was the sole differential cytopathologic criteria between follicular adenoma and follicular carcinoma (p<0.05.Conclusion: Detailed cytopathologic examination was found to be important in differentiating follicular variant of papillary carcinoma from nodular hyperplasia. On the other hand, none of the cytopathologic findings were sufficient to distinguish follicular adenoma from follicular carcinoma. Therefore, cytopathologists should report such lesions as “follicular neoplasms”.

  14. Tuberculoid leprosy presenting as a “racket” lesion

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Letícia Stella Gardini, Brandão; Gabriela Franco, Marques; Jaison Antônio, Barreto; Ana Paula Cota Pinto, Coelho; Ana Paula de Paiva, Serrano.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The "racket" lesion is a rare presentation of tuberculoid leprosy, which consists of a thickened nerve branch emerging from a tuberculoid plaque. It results from centripetal damage to cutaneous nerves caused by granuloma formation. We describe a typical case of tuberculoid leprosy presentin [...] g as a "racket" lesion. The lesion persisted after treatment with paucibacillary multidrug therapy.

  15. Principal component analysis of psoriasis lesions images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maletti, Gabriela Mariel; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær

    2003-01-01

    A set of RGB images of psoriasis lesions is used. By visual examination of these images, there seem to be no common pattern that could be used to find and align the lesions within and between sessions. It is expected that the principal components of the original images could be useful during future lesion segmentation and alignment purposes.

  16. Cystic lesions of the pancreas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkan Adsay, N

    2007-02-01

    Although cystic tumors of the pancreas are relatively rare, they constitute an increasingly important category. Advances in imaging and interventional techniques and the sharp drop in the mortality rate of pancreatic surgery have rendered pancreatic biopsies and resections commonplace specimens. Consequently, in the past two decades, the nature of many cystic tumors in this organ has been better characterized. The names of some existing entities were revised; for example, what was known as papillary-cystic tumor is now regarded as solid-pseudopapillary tumor. New entities, in particular, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and its variants, such as oncocytic and intestinal subtypes were recognized. The importance of clinical and pathologic correlation in the evaluation of these lesions was appreciated, in particular, with regards to the multifocality of these lesions, their association with invasive carcinomas, and thus their 'preinvasive' nature. Consensus criteria for the distinction of these from the ordinary precursors of adenocarcinoma, the pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, were established. The definition of mucinous cystic neoplasms was refined; ovarian-like stroma has now become almost a requirement for the diagnosis of mucinous cystic neoplasia, and defined as such, the propensity of these tumors to occur in perimenopausal women became even more striking. The validity and clinical value of classifying the pancreatic cysts of mucinous type as adenoma, borderline, CIS and invasive have been established. Related to this, the importance of thorough sampling in accurate classification of these mucinous lesions was recognized. Greater accessibility of the pancreas afforded by improved invasive as well as noninvasive modalities has also increased the detection of otherwise clinically silent cystic tumors, which has led to the recognition of more innocuous entities such as acinar cell cystadenoma and squamoid cyst of pancreatic ducts. As the significance of the cystic lesions emerged, cystic forms of otherwise typically solid tumors were also better characterized. Thus, significant developments have taken place in the classification and our understanding of pancreatic cystic tumors in the past few years, and experience with these lesions is likely to grow exponentially in the coming years. PMID:17486054

  17. MULTILEVEL SOFT TISSUE WITH BONY CORRECTIVE SURGERY IN LOWER LIMB DEFORMITIES AS ONE SITTING PROCEDURE IN SPASTIC CEREBRAL PALSY: AN EXPERIENCE FROM FREE DISABLED SURGICAL CAMPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antony R

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study was intended to assess the results of multilevel soft tissue with bony corrective surgery as one sitting procedure on static deformities and contractures in lower limbs with patients of spastic cerebral palsy at free disabled surgical camps at Chhattisgarh state. In our study 30 patients were included with sixty percent male and forty percent female , within 4 - 16 years age group. Almost all patients had diplegia and only few patients had quadriplegia with grade 3 power in both upper limbs. Improvement in functional ability and locomotion of all operated patients were asse ssed by gross motor functional classification scale and with physical examination. Almost all patients who were operated in our study showed significant improvement in functional abilities and locomotion after surgery. All patients were maintaining functional abilities at follow up duration of 2 years (24 months, with 70%. excellent cases gait of patient were normal or mild spastic but they were walking without support , with 20% good cases gait of patients were spastic but patients comfortably walk with short knee braces and with 10% fair cases gait of patients were scissors but patients walked comfortably with long knee braces . Our study shows that, promising results can be obtained in spastic cerebral palsy patients with static deformities and cont ractures of joints in lower limbs with multilevel soft tissue and bony corrective surgery. We believe that it’s a team effort of the surgeon , paramedical and rehabilitation staff in postoperative period for the achievement of better results.

  18. Ultrasonographic findings of breast lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Authors retrospectively analyzed ultrasonographic findings of 61 cases of breast lesions which were proven pathologically at Daerim St. Mary's Hospital from May 1987 to February 1990. The results were as follows : 1. Of all 61 cases, there were 27 fibroadenomas, 13 fibrocystic diseases, 11 carcinomas, 8 abscesses, 1 sclerosing adenosis, and 1 intraductal papilloma. 2. Findings suggesting benignancy were smooth contour, round or oval shape, homogeneously echolucent internal echo, echogenic boundary echo, and posterior enhancement. In the cases of abscess, the findings were rather irregular contour, strong posterior enhancement, and dirty, inhomogeneous internal echo. While irregular and lobulated shape, inhomogeneous and mixed internal echo and pectoral muscle invasion were suggested for malignancy. 3. The sensitivity was 98% and the specificity 58% in benign mass excluding abscesses, 63% and 98% in abscesses, and 55% and 98% in carcinomas. In conclusion, ultrasonography is one of the excellent imaging modality for detecting breast lesions larger than 5 mm in size, but unfortunately some of the malignant tumors simulated benignancy, thus we considered fine needle aspiration biopsy and adjunctive imaging modalities such as film mammography must be followed for better detection of breast cancer

  19. Transitional carcinoma with extensive invasion of the bony orbit in a dog / Carcinoma transicional com invasão dos ossos da órbita em um cão

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S.C.C.S., Paiva; J., Werner; F., Montiani-Ferreira; T.R., Froes; M., Machado; L., Olbertz; L., Lima; I., Langohr.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Um cão da raça Pointer Inglês, de 12 anos de idade, foi encaminhado para avaliação clínica por apresentar aumento de volume no canto temporal (medial) da órbita direita, o qual estava causando deformidade facial. O cão apresentava epífora, secreção nasal mucopurulenta, epistaxe, dispnésia e perda de [...] peso progressiva. Uma massa foi observada na cavidade oral, próxima aos dentes pré-molares, do lado direito da face. Suspeitou-se de proliferação neoplásica baseando-se nos testes auxiliares, entre os quais: radiografia craniana e oral, ultrassonografia ocular e tomografia computadorizada. A análise histopatológica da massa revelou tratar-se de carcinoma transicional envolvendo as cavidades oral e nasal, os ossos da maxila e da órbita, além do espaço retrobulbar. Os tumores da cavidade nasal representam aproximadamente 2% de todos os tumores diagnosticados nessa espécie. O carcinoma transicional é o segundo tipo de neoplasia epitelial maligna mais comum nos seios nasais de cães. Este trabalho descreve a destruição extensiva dos tecidos moles e dos ossos da face e chama atenção para o fato de que esse tipo de neoplasia deve ser considerado nas doenças da órbita. Abstract in english A 12-year-old male English Pointer was examined due to a soft-tissue swelling at the medial canthus of the right orbital region, which was causing facial deformity. The dog had epiphora, purulent nasal discharge, epistaxis, dyspnea, and progressive weight loss. An intraoral mass was observed near th [...] e right maxillary premolars. Neoplastic disease was diagnosed based on ancillary tests, which included blood work, skull and intraoral radiographs, ocular ultrasonography and computed tomography. Histopathology revealed transitional carcinoma involving the nasal and oral cavities, maxilla, bony orbit and retrobulbar space. Nasal tumors represent approximately 2% of all tumors diagnosed in this species. Transitional carcinoma is the second most common type of malignant epithelial tumor in the nasal sinuses. This case illustrates the extensive destruction of the soft and bony tissues of the face, including the bony orbit that this type of tumor can cause.

  20. Comparação entre hidroxiapatita porosa de coral e enxerto ósseo autógeno em coelhos / Comparison between porous hydroxyapatite of chorale and autogenous bony graft in rabbits

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arthur Silveira de, Figueiredo; Djalma José, Fagundes; Neil Ferreira, Novo; Yara, Juliano; Celso Massaschi, Inouye.

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A transplantação de osso autógeno continua sendo usada com sucesso, apesar das limitações que apresenta, principalmente no que se refere à morbidade aumentada, operações adicionais e aumento do custo. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi verificar a integração da hidroxiapatita porosa de coral como alterna [...] tiva biológica, em forma de cerâmica, para substituir o enxerto ósseo autógeno. Foram utilizados 42 coelhos albinos (Nova Zelândia), submetidos a defeito padrão em 84 côndilos femorais, e implantação aleatória, em cada lado, de enxerto ósseo autógeno ou hidroxiapatita porosa. Foram avaliados os aspectos da evolução clínica diária dos animais. Após duas, quatro e doze semanas, grupos de 14 animais foram sacrificados e feita a avaliação radiológica e macroscópica da integração dos enxertos. Peças das regiões operadas foram colhidas para estudo histológico dessa integração. Os resultados macroscópicos mostraram que a integridade óssea, coloração, cicatrização da cortical e mobilidade dos implantes não foram estatisticamente significantes para os dois tipos de enxertos, nos diferentes tempos de observação. A diferença de uma progressiva e melhor integração dos enxertos ocorreu apenas quando se compararam os três tempos de observação, e foi considerada como conseqüência direta da evolução natural do processo cicatricial. Os parâmetros radiológicos de integração seguiram o mesmo padrão dos achados macroscópicos. Os achados microscópicos mostraram que o aparecimento de tecido ósseo maduro é retardado nos enxertos de hidroxiapatita com a ocorrência de cavidades císticas. Concluiu-se que a hidroxiapatita porosa de coral foi um substituto adequado ao enxerto ósseo autógeno em coelhos. Abstract in english The transplantation of autogenous bone continues being used with success, in spite of the disadvantages that it presents, mainly in what refers the increased morbidity, additional operations and increase of the cost. The objective of this research was to verify the integration of the porous hydroxya [...] patite of chorale as biological alternative in ceramic form to substitute the autogenous bony graft. Forty-two New Zealand rabbits were submitted to na standard condylar defect witch were randomic implanted by autogenous bony graft as porous hydroxyapatite of chorale. We made clinical, macroscopic, radiographic and histologic study among the time of evolution of two, four and twelve weeks, respectively. The results were similar between the autogenous graft and the porous hydroxyapatite of chorale in the evolution of twelve weeks. It was ended that the porous hydroxyapatite of chorale is a substitute adapted to the autogenous bony graft in rabbits.

  1. Diagnostic Concordance Characteristics of Oral Cavity Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Ufuk Tatli; Özgür Erdo?an; Aysun U?uz; Yakup Üstün; Ya?ar Sertdem?r; ?brahim Damlar

    2013-01-01

    Purpose. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic concordance characteristics of oral cavity lesions by comparing the clinical diagnosis of the lesions with the histopathologic diagnosis. Material and Method. A retrospective analysis was conducted on the patients, who were admitted with oral cavity pathology and underwent biopsy procedure between 2007 and 2011. The oral cavity lesions were classified into 6 different groups as odontogenic cysts, nonodontogenic cysts, odontog...

  2. Management of Anal Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Pineda, Carlos E.; Welton, Mark L.

    2009-01-01

    Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions include both low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and are caused by chronic infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The disease is increasing in both incidence and prevalence, especially among patients with the following risk factors: homosexual men, acquired or iatrogenic immunosuppression, and presence of other HPV-related diseases. Although the natural history of the disease is ...

  3. Space Occupying Lesions in the Liver

    OpenAIRE

    Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani

    2009-01-01

    "nRadiology (imaging) plays a pivotal role for the diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of focal liver lesions. The differential diagnosis in patients presenting with a focal liver lesion is broad. "nThe size of the liver mass is an important consideration in guiding the evaluation. Lesions smaller than approximately 1.0 cm are commonly benign incidental findings on imaging studies, and in most cases represent small cysts, hemangiomas, or biliary hamartomas. Further...

  4. Lesiones proliferativas más frecuentes del complejo bucomaxilofacial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Barceló López

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las lesiones proliferativas son entidades que se presentan en la cavidad bucal. Algunas son de origen traumático y otras son neoplasias. Con frecuencia no son bien diagnosticadas en la clínica, por la similitud que pueden presentarse entre ellas. Objetivo: determinar las características de las lesiones proliferativas diagnosticadas y la coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las biopsias procesadas en cinco años en el Departamento de Patología de la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana atendiendo a edad y sexo del paciente, tipo de lesión, localización anatómica y coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Resultados: se encontró que de las lesiones proliferativas, las pseudotumorales aportaron el 18,1 % y las neoplasias benignas el 5,8 %. En el grupo de edad de 10 a 19 años las lesiones pseudotumorales representaron el 7,78 % y las neoplasias benignas el 1,78 %. En el grupo de 60 años o más, las lesiones pseudotumorales aportaron el 22,67 % del total de lesiones proliferativas. El sexo femenino resultó afectado por lesiones pseudotumorales en 61,3 % y las neoplasias benignas afectaron al sexo masculino en un 55 %. La hiperplasia fibroepitelial representó el 54,22 % de las pseudotumorales, mientras que el nevus aportó el 8,67 % entre las neoplasias benignas. Los diagnósticos clínicos de las lesiones pseudotumorales coincidieron en un 50,4 % con los histológicos, para las neoplasias benignas la coincidencia fue del 53,2 %. Conclusiones: las lesiones pseudotumorales predominaron sobre las neoplasias benignas, con un incremento marcado de ambos tipos de lesiones a partir de los 40 años. En el sexo femenino predominaron las lesiones pseudotumorales, y en el masculino predominaron las neoplasias benignas. Se encontró una baja coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico para ambos tipos de lesiones.

  5. Lesiones del ligamento cruzado anterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Álvarez López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: el ligamento cruzado anterior desempeña un papel muy importante en la estabili-dad de la rodilla. La incidencia de esta afección es alta en pacientes que practican deportes de contacto y de no ser tratados de forma adecuada, los resultados son desfavorables. Objetivo: profundizar en los factores necesarios para el tratamiento adecuado de enfermos con esta lesión y evitar las complicaciones. Método: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de un total de 300 artículos publicados en Pubmed, Hinari y Medline mediante el localizador de información Endnote, de ellos se utilizaron 52 citas selecciona-das para realizar la revisión, 48 de ellas de los últimos cinco años donde se incluyeron seis libros. Desarrollo: se discuten los aspectos relacionados con el diagnóstico clínico e imaginológico. Se aborda la clasificación de esta lesión en cuanto a varios aspectos como: tiempo, lesión de ligamentos u ósea, aislada o combinada y parcial o total. Se mencionan los parámetros para obtener resultados satisfac-torios al considerar factores como la edad del enfermo, lesiones asociadas y tiempo de la lesión. Se relacio-nan los requisitos para la selección del implante y se mostró las ventajas y desventajas de cada tipo de in-jerto. Las complicaciones de esta cirugía están relacionadas con la técnica quirúrgica y médicas. Conclusiones: las lesiones del ligamento son entidades traumáticas que afectan por lo general a pacientes jóvenes. Para lograr un resultado satisfactorio en el tratamiento es necesario el conocimiento de su anatomía, clasificación, tipo de injerto a emplear según sus ventajas y desventajas.

  6. Cutaneous lesions in new born

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachdeva Meenakshi

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Five hundred unselected newborn babies delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Unit II of SGBT Hospital attached to Government Medical College, Amritsar during April 2000 to October 2000 were examined for cutaneous lesions daily for the first five days after birth. Different cutaneous lesions were seen in 474(94. 8% newborns. The physiological skin changes observed in order of frequency were Epstein pearls in 305(61%, Mongolian spot in 301(60. 2%, superficial cutaneous desquamation in 200(40%, icterus in 128(25. 6%, milia in 119(23. 8%, sebaceous gland hyperplasia in 107 (21. 4%, occipital alopecia in 94(18. 8%, lanugo in 72(14. 4%, peripheral cyanosis in 47(9. 4%, breast hypertrophy in 29(5. 8% and miniature puberty in 28(5. 6% newborns. Of the transient non-infective skin diseases, erythema toxicum neonatorum was observed most commonly in 105(21 %, followed by miliaria rubra in 103(20. 6% and acne neonatorum in 27(5. 4% newborns. The naevi and other developmental defects in the descending order were salmon patch in 69(13. 8%, congenital melanocytic noevi in 10(2%, accessory tragi in 3(0.6%, spina bifida in 2(0.4%, hydrocephalus in 1(0.2% and poliosis in 1(0.2% newborns. Cradle cap was the only dermatitis observed in 50(10% newborns. One (0.2% case each of Harlequin ichthyosis and labial cyst was seen.

  7. Cold lesions demonstrated on bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Localized areas of decreased radioactivity in the bone were demonstrated in 17 cases (1.4%) of 1,213 bone scintigrams performed with Tc-99m diphosphonate. In 15 out of 17 cases ''cold'' bone lesions were found to be metastatic bone cancers. Primary sites of cancers included the lung (7 cases), uterine cervix (3 cases), thyroid (2 cases), kidney (1 case), prostate (1 case) and pancreas (1 case). Other two lesions were found in primary site of chondroblastoma and metastatic site of osteosarcoma. Histological studies revealed squamous cell carcinoma in all 7 patients with lung cancer. Whereas ''hot'' bone lesions were found in 56% of adenocarcinoma and 31% of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. High incidence of ''cold'' bone lesions were found in 3 (21%) out of 14 patients with cervical cancer who revealed positive bone scans. Abnormal bone scintigrams were found in 50 of 160 cases with breast cancer, but none of them showed ''cold'' bone lesions. In 14 cases increased uptake of radioactivity is noted around the cold lesions. Increased Ga-67 uptake in the ''cold'' lesion was found in 6 cases of lung cancer. Increased uptake of Tl-201 was found in the ''cold'' lesions in two patients with thyroid cancer. Postulated factors causing cold bone lesions were discussed reviewing literatures. (author)

  8. Profile of osteolytic lesions on bone scan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Retrospective analysis of 35 osteolytic lesions seen radiologically was done. All the patients were subjected to three-phase bone scintigraphy. They were categorized into Category 1: Vascular (n = 10), Category 2: Nonvascular (n = 25). The nonvascular lesions were sub classified into those associated without biochemical evidence of metabolic bone disease (Class A) and those with biochemical as well as scan evidence of metabolic bone disease (Class B). Class B was divided into B1 - Osteomalacia and B2 - Hyperparathyroidism. In Category 1: 9/10 lesions were malignant. 1/10 lesion had septic arthritis. In Category 2: Class A - 3/15 had malignancy. (2 metastases, 1 plasmacytoma). (The nonmalignant lesions were 4 Fibrous dysplasia, 1 Eosinophilic granuloma, 4 Bone cysts, 1 Osteoid osteoma, 1 Avascular necrosis, 1 Inflammatory). Class B1 (n = 5) had low serum calcium, normal or high serum phosphorous, and high serum alkaline phosphatase. Class B2 (n = 5) has high serum calcium, low or normal serum phosphorous, high serum alkaline phosphatase and high serum parathyroid hormone level. Parathyroid scanning in-group B2 revealed parathyroid adenomas in the neck as the cause of hyperparathyroidism. It was observed that majority of vascular osteolytic lesions were malignant (90%). 75% of malignant lesions had evidence of hypervascularity on first and second phase (9/12). 80% of nonvascular lesions were benign. Metabolic bone disease is a frequent cause of osteolytic lesions (28.5%). (author)

  9. Thermophysical lesions caused by HZE particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with a type of damage caused by heavy particles that may occur in subcellular structures. These lesions are called thermophysical radiation injury and are similar to damage produced in solids by HZE particles. This chapter summarizes some of the experimental evidence for the presence of these lesions in certain mammalian tissues including the retina, brain, cornea, lens of mice and seeds of corn. Of all tissues examined, only the cornea exhibited a type of lesion which would fulfill the criteria of thermophysical lesions

  10. Lesion localization in aphasia without hemiparesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of the lesions responsible for aphasia unassociated with right-sided hemiparesis was evaluated by cranial computed tomography (CT) among stroke patients. In the Broca aphasia group were observed atypical aphasic symptoms, and the lesions were far more localized than in ordinary Broca one. In the Wernicke aphasia group showed relatively large lesions in the left superior temporal gyrus, sometimes extending to supramarginal and angular gyri, which caused such additional symptoms as apraxia without motor paresis in some cases. In the Transcortical motor aphasia group showed the occlusion of the left internal carotid artery, though without obvious abnormality at CT. In another patient a circumscribed low density lesion was disclosed in the area anterior and superior to so-called Broca's area. In the Transcortical sensory aphasia group, the lesion involved the borderzone supplied by the left middle and posterior cerebral arteries. In the Amnestic aphasia group showed a lesion in the left parietal lobe, while in another no remarkable change was demonstrated. In the Global aphasia group, one had multiple isolated lesions in both anterior and posterior speech areas. Another showed a large lesion involving the whole territory of the left middle cerebral artery. In the remaining one a high density area was observed in the left superior temporal, supramarginal and angular gyri, not extending to the frontal lobe beyond with sylvian fissure. Therefore, in interpreting CTs of such aphasic patients we must take account of not only the extent of the lesion but also the severity of destruction. (J.P.N.)

  11. X-ray-assisted positioning of patients treated by conformal arc radiotherapy for prostate cancer: Comparison of setup accuracy using implanted markers versus bony structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare setup accuracy of NovalisBody stereoscopic X-ray positioning using implanted markers in the prostate vs. bony structures in patients treated with dynamic conformal arc radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Random and systematic setup errors (RE and SE) of the isocenter with regard to the center of gravity of three fiducial markers were measured by means of orthogonal verification films in 120 treatment sessions in 12 patients. Positioning was performed using NovalisBody semiautomated marker fusion. The results were compared with a control group of 261 measurements in 15 patients who were positioned with NovalisBody automated bone fusion. In addition, interfraction and intrafraction prostate motion was registered in the patients with implanted markers. Results: Marker-based X-ray positioning resulted in a reduction of RE as well as SE in the anteroposterior, craniocaudal, and left-right directions compared with those in the control group. The interfraction prostate displacements with regard to the bony pelvis that could be avoided by marker positioning ranged between 1.6 and 2.8 mm for RE and between 1.3 and 4.3 mm for SE. Intrafraction random and systematic prostate movements ranged between 1.4 and 2.4 mm and between 0.8 and 1.3 mm, respectively. Conclusion: The problem of interfraction prostate motion can be solved by using implanted markers. In addition, the NovalisBody X-ray system performs more accurately with markers compared with bone fusion. Intrafraction organ motion has become the limiting factor for margin reduction around the clinical target volume

  12. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of intra-bony defects in localized aggressive periodontitis patients with platelet rich plasma/hydroxyapatite graft: A comparative controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geeti Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Aggressive periodontitis is a characterized by rapid attachment loss, bone destruction and familial aggregation. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP has been proposed to promote regeneration of the lost periodontal tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of PRP combined with hydroxyapatite (HA graft in the treatment of intra-bony defects in localized aggressive periodontitis (L-AgP patients. Materials and Methods: Ten L-AgP patients having bilateral intra-bony defect ?2 mm and probing depth (PD ?6 mm were randomly treated either with the PRP/HA graft or HA graft alone. The clinical (plaque control record, bleeding on probing index, PD, and relative attachment level [RAL], and radiographic parameters (size of the bone defect were recorded pre- and post-operatively at 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: After 12 months, for both maxillary and mandibular arches, the mean PD decrease was significantly more (P < 0.05 for the test group than the control group (3.2 mm vs. 1.9 mm and 3.6 mm vs. 1.9 mm, respectively. Furthermore, the mean RAL decrease in both maxillary and mandibular arches was significantly more (P < 0.05 for the test group than the control group (3.0 mm vs. 1.2 mm and 3.1 mm vs. 1.4 mm, respectively. Radiographically, the test group showed significantly more defect fill as compared with the control group. Conclusion: Both treatments provided significant improvements in clinical and radiographic parameters in a 12-month postoperative period. PRP/HA group presented superior results regarding PD reduction, clinical attachment gain and radiographic bone fill than HA group.

  13. Does bony hip morphology affect the outcome of treatment for patients with adductor-related groin pain? : Outcome 10 years after baseline assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hölmich, Per; Thorborg, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Adductor-related groin pain and bony morphology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia can coexist clinically. A previous randomised controlled trial in which athletes with adductor-related groin pain underwent either passive treatment (PT) or active treatment (AT) showed good results in the AT group. The primary purpose of the present study was to evaluate if radiological signs of FAI or hip dysplasia seem to affect the clinical outcome, initially and at 8-12?years of follow-up. METHODS: 47 patients (80%) were available for follow-up. The clinical result was assessed by a standardised clinical outcome combining patient-reported activity, symptoms and physical examination. Anterioposterior pelvic radiographs were obtained and the centre-edge angle of Wiberg, ? angle, presence of a crossover sign and Tönnis grade of osteoarthritis were assessed by a blinded observer using a reliable protocol. RESULTS: No significant between-group differences regarding the distribution of radiological morphologies were found. There was a decrease over time in clinical outcome in the AT group with ? angles >55° compared to those with ? angles <55° (p=0.047). In the AT group, there was no significant difference in the distribution of Tönnis grades between hips that had an unchanged or improved outcome compared with hips that had a worse outcome over time (p=0.145). CONCLUSIONS: No evidence was found that bony hip morphology related to FAI or dysplasia prevents successful outcome of the exercise treatment programme with results lasting 8-12?years. The entity of adductor-related groin pain in physically active adults can be treated with AT even in the presence of morphological changes to the hip joint.

  14. Evaluation by biphotonic absorbtiometry of the bony mineral content and determination of the fracture threshold in a population of patients between the ages of 60 and 75 years

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A measurement of the bony density of vertebrae and femur was carried out, in the course of a prospective study, in 99 patients between the ages of 60 and 75 years, living in northern France. 76 patients had no recognized problem of demineralization and 23 others were consulting for an evaluation of vertebral compression. The measurement of the bony density was done by biphotonic absorbtiometry with a source of labelled Gadolinium. In women, a significant difference in the values obtained by absorbtiometry in terms of the existence of vertebral compressions, symptomatic or not, is noted. A statistical study using the ROC curves method (Receiver Operating System) has enabled us to determine a threshold of high risk of vertebral fracture measured at 31 g or 0.85 g/cm2 in women, and 35 g or 0.85 g/cm2 in men. In addition, there is a significant correlation with the vertebral radiographical index as defined by Meunier. Among the various factors of influence which were studied, only the size and the morphotype seem to play an essential role in our study group. The comparative study of the densities measured in the femoral neck and the lumbar spine enabled us to find a very significant correlation in patients with as well as without compression (r = 0.714, p < 0.001). Biphotonic absorbtiometry proves therefore to be a method which may be used to define a group with a high fracture risk permitting to determine, as early as possible, therapeutic, curative and preventive measures

  15. Localization of lesions in aphasia, (2)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relationship between the focus and the extent of the lesions and the various symptoms was investigated. 1. Broca aphasics: More than 80% of the group with obvious anarthric components had lesions of the third frontal gyrus involving Broca's area and the lower part of the precental gyrus as well as opercular and insular regions. The size of the lesions of this group was significantly larger than that of the group without marked anarthric components, and the latter was proved to have little localizing value. 2. Wernicke aphasics: The group with poor reading comprehension had cortical and/or subcortical lesions, involving posterior parts of both superior and middle temporal gyri as well as the supramarginal gyrus. On the other hand, lesions of the group with poor auditory comprehension were more anteriorly located and localized in the deep structures. Lesions of the group with poor Token test scores were large and scattered more anteriorly and/or posteriorly compared with those of the group with good Token test scores. 3. Amnestic aphaiscs: The group with poor naming scores had somewhat larger lesions than the group with good naming scores, and the lesions were scattered about the left hemisphere. The finding has proved that both groups had little localizing value. 4. Conduction aphasics: Lesions of the non-fluent type were significantly larger than those of the fluent type and distributed more anteriorly. However, highly involved lesions were located in the supramarginal gyrus and posterior parts of superior and/or middle temporal gyri. 5. Global aphasics: Lesions of the group with good articulation and prosody were observed to distribute more posteriorly in comparison with those of the other global aphasics. (J.P.N.)

  16. Pediatric multifocal liver lesions evaluated by MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majed Almotairi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study is to present our experience with MRI evaluation of multifocal liver lesions in children and describe the MRI characteristics of these lesions. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive MRI exams performed for the evaluation of multiple liver lesions between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 was done to note the number of lesions, the size of the largest lesion, MR signal characteristics, and background liver. Final diagnosis was assigned to each case based on pathology in the available cases and a combination of clinical features, imaging features, and follow-up in the remaining cases. Results: A total of 48 children (22 boys, 26 girls; age between 3 months and 18 years with average age 10.58 years and median age 11 years were included in the study. Totally 51 lesion diagnoses were seen in 48 children that included 17 focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH, 8 hemangiomas, 7 metastases, 6 regenerative nodules, 3 adenomas, 3 abscesses, and one each of angiomyolipoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, focal fatty infiltration, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic infarction, nodular regenerative hyperplasia, and hepatic cyst. Background liver was normal in 33, cirrhotic in 10, fatty in 3, and siderotic in 2 children. Most FNH, hemangiomas, and regenerative nodules showed characteristic MRI features, while metastases were variable in signal pattern. Conclusion: Many commonly seen multifocal liver lesions in children have characteristic MRI features. MRI can help to arrive at reasonable differential diagnoses for multifocal liver lesions in children and guide further investigation and management.

  17. Insufficiency fracture of the pelvis after the radiotherapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone injury after radiotherapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix has been reported since early days of this century. Recently, the concept of insufficiency fracture has been confirmed. Insufficiency fracture is one of the stress fractures and occurs when the elastic resistance of bone is inadequate to withstand normal or physiological stress. In the American and European studies, radiotherapy is known as a cause of insufficiency fracture. There are no reports on insufficiency fracture in the Japanese literatures. Four cases of carcinomas of the uterine cervix presented pelvic insufficiency fractures following radiotherapy. In the pubic bone, a vertical parasymphyseal fracture with mixed lytic and sclerotic changes of surrounding tissue is characteristic. Sacral insufficiency fracture shows a vertical or horizontal line with lytic and sclerotic appearance. Bone scintigraphy is a sensitive modality for the early detection. H-shaped configuration is diagnostic for sacral insufficiency fracture. CT is an accurate technique demonstrating a vertical fracture and excluding the malignant bony lesion. Although radiological findings of insufficiency fracture are similar to bone malignancy, differential diagnosis from malignant lesions is possible. Bony symptoms of all patients disappeared without specific treatments. In the follow-up study of patients with carcinomas of the uterine cervix after radiotherapy, it is important to have the consideration on insufficiency fracture. (author)

  18. Inter- and intra-observer variability associated with the use of the Mirels' scoring system for metastatic bone lesions.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mac Niocaill, Ruairi F

    2011-01-01

    Metastatic bone disease is increasing in association with ever-improving medical management of osteophylic malignant conditions. The precise timing of surgical intervention for secondary lesions in long bones can be difficult to determine. This paper aims to evaluate a classic scoring system. All radiographs were examined twice by three orthopaedic oncologists and scored according to the Mirels\\' scoring system. The Kappa statistic was used for the purpose of statistical analysis. The results show agreement between observers (??=?0.35-0.61) for overall scores at the two time intervals. Inter-observer agreement was also seen with subset analysis of size (??=?0.27-0.60), site (??=?0.77-1.0) and nature of the lesion (??=?0.55-0.81). Similarly, low levels of intra-observer variability were noted for each of the three surgeons (?=?0.34, 0.39, and 0.78, respectively). These results indicate a reliable, repeatable assessment of bony metastases. We continue to advocate its use in the management of patients with long bone metastases.

  19. Detection of bone metastases in patients with prostate cancer by 18F fluorocholine and 18F fluoride PET-CT: a comparative study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this prospective study was to compare the potential value of 18F fluorocholine (FCH) and 18F fluoride positron emission tomography (PET)-CT scanning for the detection of bony metastases from prostate cancer. Thirty-eight men (mean age, 69±8 years) with biopsy-proven prostate cancer underwent both imaging modalities within a maximum interval of 2 weeks. Seventeen patients were evaluated preoperatively, and 21 patients were referred for post-operative evaluation of suspected recurrence or progression based on clinical algorithms. The number, sites and morphological patterns of bone lesions on 18F FCH and 18F fluoride PET-CT were correlated: Concordant lesions between the two modalities with corresponding changes on CT were considered to be positive for malignancy; discordant lesions were verified by follow-up examinations. The mean follow-up interval was 9.1 months. Overall, 321 lesions were evaluated in this study. In a lesion-based analysis, a relatively close agreement was found between these two imaging modalities for detection of malignant bone lesions (kappa=0.57), as well as in a patient-based analysis (kappa=0.76). Sixteen malignant sclerotic lesions with a high density were negative in both 18F FCH and 18F fluoride PET-CT [ mean Hounsfield unit (HU), 1,148±364]. There was also a significant correlation between tracer intensity by SUV and density of sclerotic lesions by HU both in 18F FCH PET-CT (r=-0.28, p18F fluoride PET-CT (r=-0.20, p18F fluoride, and 74% (p=0.12), 99% (p=0.01) and 85% for FCH, respectively. 18F FCH PET-CT led to a change in the management in two out of 38 patients due to the early detection of bone marrow metastases. 18F fluoride PET-CT identified more lesions in some patients when compared with 18F FCH PET-CT but did not change patient management. FCH PET-CT may be superior for the early detection (i.e. bone marrow involvement) of metastatic bone disease. In patients with FCH-negative suspicious sclerotic lesions, a second bone-seeking agent (e.g. 18F fluoride) is recommended. 18F fluoride PET-CT demonstrated a higher sensitivity than 18F FCH PET-CT, but the difference was not statistically significant. Furthermore, 18F fluoride PET could be also negative in highly dense sclerotic lesions, which presumably reflects the effect of treatment. It will be important to clarify in future studies whether these lesions are clinically relevant when compared with metabolically active bone metastases. (orig.)

  20. Small lesion detection with resolution enhancement compression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linden, Paul; Sanchez, Jose R; Oelze, Michael L

    2010-01-01

    A novel coded-excitation method, resolution-enhancement compression (REC), increases the axial resolution and the echo signal-to-noise ratio (eSNR) for an ultrasonic imaging system. The REC technique was examined for its ability to improve lesion detectability. The REC technique was used to double the -3-dB fractional pulse-echo bandwidth of an ultrasonic source in both simulations and experiments. The increase in usable bandwidth increased lesion detectability compared to conventional pulsing (CP) techniques and coded excitation using a linear chirp (LC). Lesion detectibility was quantified through lesion signal-to-noise ratio (lSNR), which is a metric that quantifies the ability of an isolated observer to detect a focal lesion against a background. In simulations, a higher lSNR value was observed using the REC technique for lesions ranging in size from 1 mm to 8 mm in diameter. In addition, the eSNR was increased by almost 15 dB. To validate simulation results, a hydrogel-cone phantom was constructed to provide lesions with +6-dB contrast of different sizes. A transducer was scanned perpendicular to the major axis of the cone at different levels to provide lesions of 3, 5 and 8 mm in diameter. The lSNR was estimated for lesions of different sizes and using the three excitation techniques, i.e., CP, LC and REC. In experiments, the lSNR was observed to be higher using the REC technique than the other pulsing techniques. The lSNR scores for REC were higher by 15%, 45% and 40% for the 3, 5 and 8 mm over the other two excitation techniques. The eSNR was increased by 5.7 dB. Therefore, according to the lSNR metric, the improvement in spatial resolution from the REC technique resulted in improved detectability of small lesions. PMID:20690429

  1. High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model of the CML previously inferred from planar radiography and histopathology. Long bone specimens from 5 fatally abused infants, whose skeletal survey showed definite or suspected CMLs, were studied postmortem. After skeletal survey, selected specimens were resected and imaged with high-resolution digital radiography. They were then scanned with micro-CT (isotropic resolution of 45 ?m3) or with high-resolution flat-panel CT (isotropic resolutions of 200 ?m3). Visualization of the bony structures was carried out using image enhancement, segmentation and isosurface extraction, together with volume rendering and multiplanar reformatting. These findings were then correlated with histopathology. Study of normal infant bone clarifies the 3-D morphology of the subperiosteal bone collar (SPBC) and the radiographic zone of provisional calcification (ZPC). Studies on specimens with CML confirm that this lesion is a fracture extending in a planar fashion through the metaphysis, separating a mineralized fragment. This disk-like mineralized fragment has two components: (1) a thick peripheral component encompassing the SPBC; and (2) a thin central component comprised predominantly of the radiologic ZPC. By manipulating the 3-D model, the varying appearances of the CML are displayed. High-resolution CT coupled with histopathology provides elucidation of the morphology of the CML, a strong indicator of infant abuse. This new information may prove useful in assessing the biomechanical factors that produce this strong indicator of abusive assaults in infants. (orig.)

  2. High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsai, Andy; Kleinman, Paul K. [Boston Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); McDonald, Anna G. [Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Boston, MA (United States); Rosenberg, Andrew E. [University of Miami Hospital, Department of Pathology, Miami, FL (United States); Gupta, Rajiv [Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2014-02-15

    The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model of the CML previously inferred from planar radiography and histopathology. Long bone specimens from 5 fatally abused infants, whose skeletal survey showed definite or suspected CMLs, were studied postmortem. After skeletal survey, selected specimens were resected and imaged with high-resolution digital radiography. They were then scanned with micro-CT (isotropic resolution of 45 ?m{sup 3}) or with high-resolution flat-panel CT (isotropic resolutions of 200 ?m{sup 3}). Visualization of the bony structures was carried out using image enhancement, segmentation and isosurface extraction, together with volume rendering and multiplanar reformatting. These findings were then correlated with histopathology. Study of normal infant bone clarifies the 3-D morphology of the subperiosteal bone collar (SPBC) and the radiographic zone of provisional calcification (ZPC). Studies on specimens with CML confirm that this lesion is a fracture extending in a planar fashion through the metaphysis, separating a mineralized fragment. This disk-like mineralized fragment has two components: (1) a thick peripheral component encompassing the SPBC; and (2) a thin central component comprised predominantly of the radiologic ZPC. By manipulating the 3-D model, the varying appearances of the CML are displayed. High-resolution CT coupled with histopathology provides elucidation of the morphology of the CML, a strong indicator of infant abuse. This new information may prove useful in assessing the biomechanical factors that produce this strong indicator of abusive assaults in infants. (orig.)

  3. MRI examination on microcalcification lesions on mammography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With a recent increase of patients who are pointed out microcalcification on mammography (MMG) but otherwise normal, we have increasingly difficulties in making diagnosis. In this paper we examined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and diagnosis of microcalcification lesions. Out of consecutive patients who visited our hospital for close exploration of calcification on MMG from July 2006 to March 2009, 124 patients who were performed MRI were enrolled in this study. The morphology and enhancement kinetics of their lesions visualized by MRI were classified with reference to the breast imaging reporting and data system (BIRADS)-MRI and were compared with outcomes of histological diagnoses. As a result, all lesions in which no abnormal enhancement was seen on MRI were benign. Malignant lesions accounted for about 80.0% in mass patterns, and about more than half in non-mass like enhancement. About 30% of the lesions were malignant in the Focus/Foci pattern which designates lesions with the size of less than 5 mm. MRI is capable of predicting whether the microcalcification lesion is malignant or benign in some degree in patients with positive findings, and we can omit Stereotactic Mammotome biopsy (ST-MTB) in those with negative findings. Accordingly MRI is considered to be an extremely useful modality. (author)

  4. Sampling probability distributions of lesions in mammograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Looney, P.; Warren, L. M.; Dance, D. R.; Young, K. C.

    2015-03-01

    One approach to image perception studies in mammography using virtual clinical trials involves the insertion of simulated lesions into normal mammograms. To facilitate this, a method has been developed that allows for sampling of lesion positions across the cranio-caudal and medio-lateral radiographic projections in accordance with measured distributions of real lesion locations. 6825 mammograms from our mammography image database were segmented to find the breast outline. The outlines were averaged and smoothed to produce an average outline for each laterality and radiographic projection. Lesions in 3304 mammograms with malignant findings were mapped on to a standardised breast image corresponding to the average breast outline using piecewise affine transforms. A four dimensional probability distribution function was found from the lesion locations in the cranio-caudal and medio-lateral radiographic projections for calcification and noncalcification lesions. Lesion locations sampled from this probability distribution function were mapped on to individual mammograms using a piecewise affine transform which transforms the average outline to the outline of the breast in the mammogram. The four dimensional probability distribution function was validated by comparing it to the two dimensional distributions found by considering each radiographic projection and laterality independently. The correlation of the location of the lesions sampled from the four dimensional probability distribution function across radiographic projections was shown to match the correlation of the locations of the original mapped lesion locations. The current system has been implemented as a web-service on a server using the Python Django framework. The server performs the sampling, performs the mapping and returns the results in a javascript object notation format.

  5. Primary and secondary brain stem lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume is the first to describe all clinically and experimental relevant aspects of primary and secondary brain stem lesions. It contains a detailed description of the computer-tomographical and morphological changes of the cerebral cisterns in acutely and chronically increased intracranial pressure. The prognostic value of clinical parameters of primary and secondary brain stem lesions is demonstrated. The possibilities of assessing the clinical course by computer-aided evaluation are presented. In addition to that, comprehensive view of morphological, radiological and clinical findings, extensive investigation concerning blink reflex (BR) and auditory evoked brain stem potentials (BAEP) supply high relevant functional aspects of those lesions

  6. Management of the Morel-Lavallée Lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenhill, Dustin; Haydel, Christopher; Rehman, Saqib

    2016-01-01

    Morel-Lavallée lesions are closed degloving injuries sustained during violent soft tissue shear that separate the subdermal fat from its strong underlying fascia. Lesions most often occur in the peritrochanteric region, and patients may have concomitant polytrauma. As a result, a hematoma develops that has a high rate of acute bacterial colonization and chronic recurrence. Conservative treatment outcomes are best for those managed acutely. However, diagnosis is often delayed or missed. Furthermore, there is no universally accepted treatment algorithm. Diagnosis and treatment depend on a surgeon's thorough understanding of the cause, pathophysiology, imaging characteristics, and treatment options of Morel-Lavallée lesions. PMID:26614926

  7. Transthoracic cutting biopsy of focal pulmonary lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of percutaneous, fluoroscopically-guided cutting biopsies of focal pulmonary lesions in 126 patients were evaluated retrospectively. In 90% of malignant lesions an exact diagnosis could be made from the material obtained. In 40% of the malignant lesions, histological examinations was possible, in addition to cytology. In 87% of these, there was agreement between histology and cytology. Of the cases coming to surgery, 84% of the biopsies proved correct. Specificity was 100%. Multiple punctures were necessary in only 13%. Significant complications occurred in 5%. The cutting biopsy technique has the advantage of producing more biopsy material suitable for histology. (orig.)

  8. [Degenerative lesions of the peripheral retina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conart, J-B; Baron, D; Berrod, J-P

    2014-01-01

    Degenerative lesions of the peripheral retina are present from teenage years onwards and increase with age. These abnormabilities are frequent, some of them being benign while others predispose to retinal tears and detachment. In the latter case, the lesions are rhegmatogenous and may justify prophylactic treatment by laser photocoagulation. We distinguish congenital lesions of the peripheral retina and intraretinal, chorioretinal and vitreoretinal degenerations. The holes and tears observed in 2% of the population consist of round atrophic holes, "horseshoe" tears, oral dialyses and giant tears. PMID:24239217

  9. Quantitative scintigraphic study of 1300 brain lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A quantitative method has been developed to study sequential scintigraphs carried out during the 6 hours following technetium 99m injection. Its contribution to the diagnosis of brain lesion types is reported. The variation in the ratio R = count rate opposite the lesion / count rate opposite the healthy brain as a function of the time following injection of sup(99m)Tc pertechnetate is given for the 4-mains types of spreading intracranial lesions: meningiomas, glioblastomas, astrocytomas, metastases. It is observed that R decreases continuously for meningiomas and increases continuously for the other three kinds of tumour

  10. Lesiones proliferativas más frecuentes del complejo bucomaxilofacial / Most frequent proliferative lesions of the Buco Maxillofacial Complex

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Katia, Barceló López; Rafael, Delgado Fernández; Agustín, Rodríguez Soto.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las lesiones proliferativas son entidades que se presentan en la cavidad bucal. Algunas son de origen traumático y otras son neoplasias. Con frecuencia no son bien diagnosticadas en la clínica, por la similitud que pueden presentarse entre ellas. Objetivo: determinar las característica [...] s de las lesiones proliferativas diagnosticadas y la coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Método: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las biopsias procesadas en cinco años en el Departamento de Patología de la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana atendiendo a edad y sexo del paciente, tipo de lesión, localización anatómica y coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico. Resultados: se encontró que de las lesiones proliferativas, las pseudotumorales aportaron el 18,1 % y las neoplasias benignas el 5,8 %. En el grupo de edad de 10 a 19 años las lesiones pseudotumorales representaron el 7,78 % y las neoplasias benignas el 1,78 %. En el grupo de 60 años o más, las lesiones pseudotumorales aportaron el 22,67 % del total de lesiones proliferativas. El sexo femenino resultó afectado por lesiones pseudotumorales en 61,3 % y las neoplasias benignas afectaron al sexo masculino en un 55 %. La hiperplasia fibroepitelial representó el 54,22 % de las pseudotumorales, mientras que el nevus aportó el 8,67 % entre las neoplasias benignas. Los diagnósticos clínicos de las lesiones pseudotumorales coincidieron en un 50,4 % con los histológicos, para las neoplasias benignas la coincidencia fue del 53,2 %. Conclusiones: las lesiones pseudotumorales predominaron sobre las neoplasias benignas, con un incremento marcado de ambos tipos de lesiones a partir de los 40 años. En el sexo femenino predominaron las lesiones pseudotumorales, y en el masculino predominaron las neoplasias benignas. Se encontró una baja coincidencia entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico para ambos tipos de lesiones. Abstract in english Introduction: proliferative lesions are entities that are present in the buccal cavity. Some of them are of traumatic origin and others are neoplasias. Frequently, they are not well diagnosed in the clinical practice because of the similarity that can exist among them. Objective: to determine the ch [...] aracteristics of the proliferative lesions diagnosed and the coincidences between clinical and histopathological diagnosis Method: a retrospective study of the biopsies processed during five years in the Department of Oral Pathology of the Faculty of Stomatology of Havana was conducted dealing with age, sex, type of lesion, anatomic location and similarities between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis. Results: it was found that, of the proliferative lesions, the pseudotumoral ones reported the 18.1 % and the benign neoplasias, the 5.8 %. In the age group 10-19 years, pseudotumoral lesions represented the 7.78 % and the benign neoplasias the 1,78 %. In the group of 60 years or older, pseudotumoral lesions reported the 22.67 % of the total of proliferative lesions. The female sex resulted to be affected by pseudotumoral lesions in a 61,3 % and the benign neoplasias effected the male sex in a 55 %. Fibroepithelial hyperplasia represented the 54.22 % of the pseudotumoral ones, whereas the nevus reported the 8.67 % among the benign neoplasias. The clinical diagnosis of the pseudotumoral lesions matched up a 50.4 % with the histological; for benign neoplasias, the coincidence was 53.2 %. Conclusions: pseudotumoural lesions predominated on benign neoplasias, with a marked increase in both types of lesions after 40 years. Pseudotumoural lesions predominated in the female sex, whereas the benign neoplasias predominated in the male sex. There was a low coincidence between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis for both types of lesions.

  11. Keloidal granuloma faciale with extrafacial lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verma Rajesh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Granuloma faciale (GF is a rare cutaneous disorder characterized by one to several soft, erythematous to livid papules, plaques or nodules, usually occurring on the face. Extrafacial lesions are uncommon. A 52-year-old lady with multiple asymptomatic, variously sized brownish-black colored, firm, sharply circumscribed plaques resembling keloids on both cheeks and extrafacial lesions on the right arm and the right breast is presented for its unusual keloidal appearance and typical histopathological findings. She failed to respond to oral dapsone 100 mg daily administered for 3 months. Local infiltration of triamcinolone combined with cryotherapy led to only partial flattening of the lesions. All the skin lesions were excised surgically followed by flap transfer grafting on both cheeks. The cosmetic outcome was highly satisfactory.

  12. CT evaluation of right colonic wall lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT of the entire clean colon after a tap water enema with intravenous injection of contrast medium was performed in 20 patients with a diagnosis of caecal and ascending colonic lesions at barium enema studies or colonoscopy. Histological proof was obtained by endoscopy or at surgery in all cases. Using this ''water technique'' we were able to detect the wall abnormalities and describe their CT features in relation to the histological findings. We found that asymmetric thickening of the bowel wall, an irregular and lobulated inner and outer contour and/or a focal soft tissue mass usually exceeding 2 cm from the luminal to serosal surface were very helpful findings for a malignant lesion but not the hallmark of malignancy. The CT appearance of the extraluminal part of the lesion was most helpful in differentiating between benign and malignant lesions. (orig.)

  13. Tumors and tumor-like lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tumors and tumor-like lesions are rare diseases in the paranasal sinuses. There is a great variety of histological types, but only a small number of morphological patterns on imaging. Histology is an important point in therapeutic planning. In most cases it is obtained by sampling, which is not as difficult in the sinonasal area as in other regions of the body. The main task of imaging is an exact estimation of the extent and spread of a lesion. This article discusses the possibilities and limitations of CT and MRI in the assessment of the dignity and spread of paranasal tumors and tumor-like lesions in consideration of necessary therapeutic information. Additionally, an overview of features on imaging of different paranasal tumors and tumor-like lesions is given. (orig.)

  14. Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation: Nora's lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to review the imaging and anatomopathologic findings and to discuss the main differential diagnosis of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation or Nora's lesion, a rare benign surface lesion of the bone. Histologically confirmed plain radiographs, ultrasound, CT and MRI images of four patients with bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation were obtained and retrospectively reviewed. Three cases involving the hand and one involving the foot are reported. On plain radiographs, bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation is a well-marginated, calcified or ossified mass arising directly from the cortical surface of the underlying bone. Ultrasound images show a low echoic peripheral cap around the lesion. CT images show the wide base of the lesion. On Magnetic resonance imaging, bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation was of a low signal on T1, enhancing following gadolinium administration. Underlying bone and adjacent surrounding soft tissues were normal.

  15. Approximate Lesion Localization in Dermoscopy Images

    CERN Document Server

    Celebi, M Emre; Schaefer, Gerald; Stoecker, William V; 10.1111/j.1600-0846.2009.00357.x

    2010-01-01

    Background: Dermoscopy is one of the major imaging modalities used in the diagnosis of melanoma and other pigmented skin lesions. Due to the difficulty and subjectivity of human interpretation, automated analysis of dermoscopy images has become an important research area. Border detection is often the first step in this analysis. Methods: In this article, we present an approximate lesion localization method that serves as a preprocessing step for detecting borders in dermoscopy images. In this method, first the black frame around the image is removed using an iterative algorithm. The approximate location of the lesion is then determined using an ensemble of thresholding algorithms. Results: The method is tested on a set of 428 dermoscopy images. The localization error is quantified by a metric that uses dermatologist determined borders as the ground truth. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that the method presented here achieves both fast and accurate localization of lesions in dermoscopy images.

  16. Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation: Nora's Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Chaabane

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to review the imaging and anatomopathologic findings and to discuss the main differential diagnosis of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation(BPOP or Nora's lesion, a rare benign surface lesion of the bone. Histologically confirmed plain radiographs, ultrasound, CT and MRI images of four patients with BPOP were obtained and retrospectively reviewed. Three cases involving the hand and one involving the foot are reported.On plain radiographs, BPOP is a well-marginated, calcified or ossified mass arising directly from the cortical surface of the underlying bone. Ultrasound images show a low echoic peripheral cap around the lesion. CT images show the wide base of the lesion. On MRI, BPOP was of a low signal on T1, enhancing following gadolinium administration. Underlying bone and adjacent surrounding soft tissues were normal.

  17. Self-inflicted lesions in dermatology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gieler, Uwe; Consoli, Sylvie G; Tomás-Aragones, Lucía; Linder, Dennis M; Jemec, Gregor B E; Poot, Francoise; Szepietowski, Jacek C; de Korte, John; Taube, Klaus-Michael; Lvov, Andrey; Consoli, Silla M

    2013-01-01

    The terminology, classification, diagnosis and treatment of self-inflicted dermatological lesions are subjects of open debate. The present study is the result of various meetings of a task force of dermatologists, psychiatrists and psychologists, all active in the field of psychodermatology, aimed at clarifying the terminology related to these disorders. A flow chart and glossary of terms and definitions are presented to facilitate the classification and management of self-inflicted skin lesions...

  18. Focal lesions in the central nervous system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report reviews the animal and human studies currently in progress at LBL with heavy-ion beams to induce focal lesions in the central nervous system, and discusses the potential future prospects of fundamental and applied brain research with heavy-ion beams. Methods are being developed for producing discrete focal lesions in the central nervous system using the Bragg ionization peak to investigate nerve pathways and neuroendocrine responses, and for treating pathological disorders of the brain

  19. Cystic lesions of the seminal vesicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Between October 1990 and March 1991, 8 patients with cystic lesions in the region of the posterior bladder wall, the seminal vesicles and the prostate were examined by MRI. In all cases there was accurate characterisation of the lesion and of its anatomy. In 3 patients with abnormalities in the retrovesical space there was very good agreement with the operative findings. 4 patients were treated conservatively. In these patients there was good agreement with the findings on cystoscopy, CT and sonography. (orig.)

  20. Lesions in the external auditory canal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyank S Chatra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The external auditory canal is an S- shaped osseo-cartilaginous structure that extends from the auricle to the tympanic membrane. Congenital, inflammatory, neoplastic, and traumatic lesions can affect the EAC. High-resolution CT is well suited for the evaluation of the temporal bone, which has a complex anatomy with multiple small structures. In this study, we describe the various lesions affecting the EAC.

  1. Laser Treatment of Pediatric Vascular Lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Cole, Patrick D.; Sonabend, Michael L.; Levy, Moise L.

    2007-01-01

    Since its introduction in 1967, laser therapy has benefited patients and physicians alike. After the first clinical application by Goldman (Anderson RR, Parrish JA. Science 1983;220:524–527), laser therapy has become indispensable in the management of vascular birthmarks. In selecting a proper balance of wavelength, pulse duration, and energy density (fluence), the physician can mold laser energy to effectively manage lesions once considered untreatable. Now, the vast array of lesions amenabl...

  2. Infiltrating/sealing proximal caries lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martignon, S; Ekstrand, K R; Gomez, J; Lara, J S; Cortes, A

    2012-01-01

    This randomized split-mouth controlled clinical trial aimed at assessing the therapeutic effects of infiltration vs. sealing for controlling caries progression on proximal surfaces. Out of 90 adult students/patients assessed at university clinics and agreeing to participate, 39, each with 3 proximal lesions identified radiographically around the enamel-dentin junction to the outer third of the dentin, were included. Lesions were randomly allocated for treatment to test-A (Infiltration: ICON-pre-...

  3. Cone beam computed tomography and periapical lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse, Casper; Spin-Neto, Rubens; Wenzel, A; Kirkevang, L-L

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate using a systematic review approach the diagnostic efficacy of CBCT for periapical lesions, focusing on the evidence level of the included studies using a six-tiered hierarchical model. METHODOLOGY: The MEDLINE bibliographic database was searched from 2000 to July 2013 for studies evaluating the potential of CBCT imaging in the diagnosis and planning of treatment for periapical lesions. The search strategy was limited to English-language publications using the following combined ...

  4. Isolated sphenoid sinus lesion: A diagnostic dilemma

    OpenAIRE

    Alazzawi, Sarmad; Shahrizal, Tengku; Prepageran, Narayanan; Pailoor, Jayalakshmi

    2014-01-01

    Isolated sphenoid sinus lesions are an uncommon entity and present with non-specific symptoms. In this case report, the patient presented with a history of headaches for a duration of one month without sinonasal symptoms. A computed tomography scan showed a soft tissue mass occupying the sphenoid sinus. An endoscopic biopsy revealed fungal infection. Endoscopic wide sphenoidotomy with excision of the sphenoid sinus lesion was then performed however, the microbiological examination post-surger...

  5. Bacterial infections in suspected cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions.

    OpenAIRE

    Edrissian, G. H.; Mohammadi, M; A Kanani; A.Afshar; Hafezi, R.; M.Ghorbani; Gharagozloo, A. R.

    1990-01-01

    In Iran, microscopic examination of skin scrapings from 2202 individuals with clinically diagnosed cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) lesions revealed the presence of amastigotes in 1123 cases (51.0%). Bacteriological examinations of the lesions indicated that 788 individuals (35.7%) were also infected with one or more pathogenic bacteria, including coagulase-positive staphylococci (27.8%), beta-haemolytic streptococci (10.6%), and other opportunist pathogenic bacteria (total, 2.5%). The prevalence...

  6. International Consensus for ultrasound lesions in gout

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gutierrez, Marwin; Schmidt, Wolfgang A; Thiele, Ralf G; Keen, Helen I; Kaeley, Gurjit S; Naredo, Esperanza; Iagnocco, Annamaria; Bruyn, George A; Balint, Peter V; Filippucci, Emilio; Mandl, Peter; Kane, David; Pineda, Carlos; Delle Sedie, Andrea; Hammer, Hilde Berner; Christensen, Robin; D'Agostino, Maria Antonietta; Terslev, Lene

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To produce consensus-based definitions of the US elementary lesions in gout and to test their reliability in a web-based exercise. METHODS: The process consisted of two steps. In the first step a written Delphi questionnaire was developed from a systematic literature review and expert international consensus. This collated information resulted in four statements defining US elementary lesions: double contour (DC), tophus, aggregates and erosion. The Delphi questionnaire was sent to 35...

  7. Essential, trace and toxic element concentrations in the liver of the world’s largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Documented concentrations of 21 elements in the liver of an ocean sunfish. • Toxic element concentrations were generally low compared to essential elements. • Ca and Fe concentrations were elevated and suggestive of Ca and Fe toxicity. • Cd was the highest of the toxic elements and ranked 8th among all elements. - Abstract: No studies document essential (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium), trace (barium, boron, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, zinc) or toxic element (antimony, arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, thallium) concentrations in any members of the family Molidae, including the world’s largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola). Here, we analyzed 21 elements in the liver of one M. mola. These values were compared to liver concentrations in multiple species with spatial and dietary overlap. Concentrations of calcium (3339 ppm wet weight) and iron (2311 ppm wet weight) were extremely elevated in comparison to a number of other fish species, indicating that calcium and/or iron toxicity may have occurred in this animal. Concentrations of toxic elements were generally low, with the exception of cadmium (3.5 ppm). This study represents the first report of essential, trace and toxic elements in this species

  8. Morphological characteristics of the bony birth canal in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Investigation by three-dimensional CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kojima, Seiichi; Kobayashi, Seneki; Saito, Naoto; Nawata, Masashi; Horiuchi, Hiroshi; Takaoka, Kunio [Shinshu Univ., Matsumoto, Nagano (Japan). School of Medicine

    2001-07-01

    We investigated the three-dimensional morphological characteristics of the pelvis in adult female patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using computerized tomography (CT) images. Forty-two subjects with normal hips and 40 DDH patients were recruited for the study. In the DDH group, the average transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet was significantly less and the average transverse diameter of the pelvic outlet was significantly greater than the measurements in the normal group. Further, the bony birth canal in DDH patients exhibited a higher incidence of anthropoid-type geometry, as defined by a longer sagittal diameter relative to the transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet. These findings indicate a characteristic pelvic geometry and suggest different development of the pelvis in the transverse direction in DDH patients. In addition, the obstetric conjugate length/transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet ratio was correlated to the degree of severity of acetabular dysplasia. This finding suggests that DDH is a manifestation of a developmental characteristic of the pelvis. (author)

  9. Lesion load in unprotected carotid artery stenting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of new ischemic lesions found on diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) in nonselected patients after unprotected carotid artery stent placement. We retrospectively reviewed a nonrandomized cohort of 197 patients presenting with carotid occlusive disease who underwent unprotected carotid artery stent placement between 2003 and 2006. Mean degree of stenosis was 86.94% ± 9.72. In all patients, DWI was obtained before and 24 h after stent placement. New lesions were evaluated according to size and location. In 59 of 197 patients (29.9%), new ischemic lesions were found on DWI in the vessel dependent area. In 23 of 197 patients (11.7%), new ischemic lesions were found in the vessel independent area. Combined stroke/death rate was 3.63%. In our series of unprotected carotid angioplasty with stent, we found new DWI lesions in 34% of the patients. Further studies should now show in how far protection devices can reduce these lesions. (orig.)

  10. Lesion load in unprotected carotid artery stenting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grunwald, I.Q.; Papanagiotou, P.; Roth, C.; Karp, K.; Krick, C.; Schieber, H.; Mueller, M.; Reith, W. [University of the Saarland, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Homburg (Germany); Fassbender, K.; Haass, A. [University of the Saarland, Division of Neurology, Homburg (Germany)

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of new ischemic lesions found on diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) in nonselected patients after unprotected carotid artery stent placement. We retrospectively reviewed a nonrandomized cohort of 197 patients presenting with carotid occlusive disease who underwent unprotected carotid artery stent placement between 2003 and 2006. Mean degree of stenosis was 86.94% {+-} 9.72. In all patients, DWI was obtained before and 24 h after stent placement. New lesions were evaluated according to size and location. In 59 of 197 patients (29.9%), new ischemic lesions were found on DWI in the vessel dependent area. In 23 of 197 patients (11.7%), new ischemic lesions were found in the vessel independent area. Combined stroke/death rate was 3.63%. In our series of unprotected carotid angioplasty with stent, we found new DWI lesions in 34% of the patients. Further studies should now show in how far protection devices can reduce these lesions. (orig.)

  11. Pyogenic Spondylitis Presenting with Skip Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Po-Liang Lai

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available We report on a 65-year-old man who presented with a 1-month history of aggravatingbackache and low-grade fever. He suddenly became paraplegic (Frankel B. Muscle powerwas grade 0~1 over the bilateral lower limbs. X-ray films showed disc space narrowing andend-plate blurring at the T9~T11 and L4~L5 levels. Magnetic resonance imaging showed aninfectious lesion at T9~T11 and another at L4~L5. An emergent operation was performedunder the impression of pyogenic spondylitis with spinal cord compression. The patientshowed a significant recovery (Frankel D after the thoracic and lumbar spinal surgeries.Pyogenic spondylitis usually presents as a vertebra-disc-vertebra lesion spreads to the contiguousvertebra-disc-vertebra unit. The current patient had pyogenic spondylitis with coexistentthoracic and lumbar lesions. This kind of skip lesion is common in spinal malignantmetastasis, but rare in spinal infections. Awareness of the possibility of multiple lesions orskip lesions will facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of this condition.

  12. Radiologic appearance of primary jaw lesions in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: The jaw (an unusual site of primary tumors in children and adolescents) has lesions often found incidentally by dentists on routine panoramic radiographs or during examination of a child who has swelling or tooth pain. Objective: This pictorial seeks to familiarize pediatric radiologists with the radiographic appearance of a variety of primary jaw lesions. Materials and methods: We retrospectively searched institutional records for cases of primary jaw lesions in children and adolescents. Jaw lesions were characterized as: I, well-circumscribed radiolucent lesions; II, lesions with mixed or variable appearance; III, poorly circumscribed radiolucent lesions; and IV, radiopaque lesions. Results: Although most oral and maxillofacial lesions in children are benign, a broad spectrum of tumors was identified; lesions may occur in patients with unrelated prior malignancy. Conclusion: Because radiologic studies may identify jaw lesions and direct further care, familiarity with the appearance of these entities is prudent. (orig.)

  13. Radiologic appearance of primary jaw lesions in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, Malini; Kaste, Sue C. [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Hopkins, Kenneth P. [Department of Surgery, Division of Dentistry, St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)

    2002-03-01

    Background: The jaw (an unusual site of primary tumors in children and adolescents) has lesions often found incidentally by dentists on routine panoramic radiographs or during examination of a child who has swelling or tooth pain. Objective: This pictorial seeks to familiarize pediatric radiologists with the radiographic appearance of a variety of primary jaw lesions. Materials and methods: We retrospectively searched institutional records for cases of primary jaw lesions in children and adolescents. Jaw lesions were characterized as: I, well-circumscribed radiolucent lesions; II, lesions with mixed or variable appearance; III, poorly circumscribed radiolucent lesions; and IV, radiopaque lesions. Results: Although most oral and maxillofacial lesions in children are benign, a broad spectrum of tumors was identified; lesions may occur in patients with unrelated prior malignancy. Conclusion: Because radiologic studies may identify jaw lesions and direct further care, familiarity with the appearance of these entities is prudent. (orig.)

  14. Iatrogenic lesions of the colon and rectum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Classen, J N; Martin, R E; Sabagal, J

    1975-11-01

    Our ability to document a number of examples of iatrogenic lesions of the colon and rectum in three general hospitals confirms the multiplicity of these lesions as presented in the literature. It appears that the careful surgeon and his associates would well heed the old admonition known as Murphy's law, that "Anything that can go wrong will go wrong." In the daily practice of the general surgeon and proctologist, it is apparent that gentleness in approaching any anal-rectal examination for either diagnostic or therapeutic purposes is mandatory. The insertion of any foreign object, be it an examining finger, a thermometer, enema tip, or proctoscope, may subject the patient to an inadvertent injury of significant proportion. The dangers inherent in the evaluation and treatment of patients with recognized disease processes is significantly greater than that associated with routine and screening examinations. Morbidity and mortality have been shown to be associated with the barium enema as well as with the barium enema as well as with some of the newer radiologic procedures such as mesenteric angiography. The use of tap water for enemas has produced morbidity both from thermal injuries and from electrolyte depletion. Antibiotics and chemotherapeutic drugs frequently result in colon and rectal disease, and therapeutic procedures directed at organs adjacent to the colon and rectum have resulted in a number of iatrogenic lesions. This reviews confirms reports of others that iatrogenic lesions of the colon and rectum are not solely due to the physician's inexperience, as significant numbers of these lesions were the result of the diagnostic or therapeutic efforts of men of considerable experience and skill. Advanced age of the patient and diseases leading to changes in the character of the bowel wall frequently were factors in the production of these lesions. A poorly prepared bowel has led to increased morbidity and mortality associated with iatrogenic perforations. The early recognition of these lesions and prompt medical and surgical management diminishes both the morbidity and mortality associated with such injuries. PMID:1103307

  15. Benign breast lesions in Eastern Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective was to characterize benign breast diseases in Eastern Nigeria and to highlight the age variations of these lesions as base line data. The Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu caters for over 30 million African blacks and receives 2000 surgical pathology specimens yearly. Seven hundred and twenty-two benign breast specimens were analyzed over 5 years from Ist January 2000 to 31 December 2004, out of 1050 breast samples received. Of 1050 breast specimens received, 722 (68.8%) were benign. Fibroadenoma was the most common lesion with 318 cases (44%), occurring at a mean age of 16-32 years. Next were fibrocystic changes with 165 cases (22.9%) at a mean age of 23-45 years. Normal breast in the axillary tail region was seen in 32 cases (4.4%), represented as no pathology, with a mean presentation age of 20-46 years. Low grade Phyllodes tumor had 28 cases (3.9%), presenting at an average mean age of 17-32 years. Lactating adenoma had 19 (2.6%) cases. Other lesions made up less than 3% each. Benign breast lesions peaked at the 20-24 age range and then declined. Most were females. Benign breast lesions occur more frequently than malignant breast lesions with a ratio of 2.3:1 and were presented 20 years earlier than their malignant counterparts. Fibroadenoma was the most common benign lesions followed by fibrocystic disease, similar to the findings in Western Nigeria. In Northern Nigeria, fibrocystic breast disease was more common. (author)

  16. Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARÍA ANGÉLICA MATAMALA S

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3% se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73% correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27% a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total, 4 (36,3% con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18% con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18% con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9% con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9% con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9% con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología.Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81% had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%. were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36% had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18% had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18% had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

  17. Lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores / Intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands. Analysis of 59 patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    MARÍA ANGÉLICA, MATAMALA S; MIGUEL, GONZÁLEZ P; GONZALO, ROSSEL D; CONSTANZA, NIEME S.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores son en su mayoría benignas. Los tumores son infrecuentes y conforman un grupo heterogéneo, siendo el adenoma pleomorfo Ia neoplasia benigna más frecuente y el carcinoma adenoideo-quistico el tumor maligno más encontrado. Objetivos: El propósi [...] to de este estudio es evaluar Ia incidencia, manejo y evolución de Ias lesiones intraorales de glándulas salivales menores en el Servicio de Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. Material y Método: Se presenta estudio retrospectivo de 59 casos tratados entre 1975 y 2009 en dicho hospital. Resultados: Encontramos 35 mujeres y 24 hombres. En 48 pacientes (81,3%) se encontró lesiones benignas, de Ias cuales 35 (73%) correspondieron a lesiones no neoplásicas y 13 (27%) a neoplasias. Las neoplasias malignas fueron 11 (18,6% del total), 4 (36,3%) con Ca mucoepidermoide, 2 (18%) con Ca adenoideo-quistico, 2 (18%) con Ca de células acinosas, 1 (9%) con Ca indiferenciado, 1 (9%) con adenocarcinoma y 1 (9%) con Ca epider-moide. Conclusiones: Las lesiones de glándulas salivales menores en nuestro hospital se caracterizan por ser predominantemente benignas. Se encontró similar frecuencia de tumores benignos y malignos. Predominó el adenoma pleomorfo entre Ios primeros y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide entre Ios segundos. Los tumores benignos, luego de su extirpación, se manejaron con cierre del lecho tumoral mediante rotación de colgajos locales de mucosa oral para cobertura y, en algunos casos, cierre por segunda intención. La evolución fue en general excelente. En el caso de Ios tumores malignos, el manejo dependió de Ia histología. Abstract in english Background: Most salivary gland lesions are benign. Tumors are uncommon. Pleomorphic adenoma and cystic adenoid carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant lesions. Alm: To assess the incidence management and evolution of intraoral lesions among patients consulting in a head and neck surgical [...] service. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients consulting for intraoral lesions of minor salivary glands between 1975 and 2009 in a head and neck surgical service. Results: Thirty five females and 24 males are reported. Forty eight (81%) had benign lesions. Of these, 35 (73%). were non neoplastic lesions. Eleven patients had malignant lesions. Of these, four (36%) had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma, two (18%) had an adenoid-cystic carcinoma, two (18%) had an acinous cell carcinoma and one patient each had an undifferentiated carcinoma, an adenocarcinoma and an epidermoid carcinoma. Conclusions: In this series of patients, benign lesions predominated. Benign lesions were excised and the management of malignant lesions depended on the type of tumor.

  18. Evaluation of various hepatic lesions with PET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When a liver lesion is found in a PET image, differential diagnosis and analysis of the lesion is very important. We tried to analyze hepatic lesions found in PET. 53 patients with focal liver lesions (13 patients with HCC, 8 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CC), 20 patients with liver metastasis, 5 patients with hemangioma, 7 patients with liver abscess, including 1 patient with liver candidiasis) were examined. Definitely high FDG uptake pattern were observed in 54% (7/13) of HCC, 100% (8/8) of CC, 95% (19/20) of metastatic liver cancer and 100% (7/7) of liver abscess. Therefore, PET was partially useful in the diagnosis of HCC, but it was very useful in the diagnosis of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess. The contrast between lesions and surrounding liver background was very conspicuous in PET images of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess, which suggests that PET might be used for the follow up and assessment of treatment response of these diseases

  19. Evaluation of various hepatic lesions with PET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Chul Ju

    2000-12-01

    When a liver lesion is found in a PET image, differential diagnosis and analysis of the lesion is very important. We tried to analyze hepatic lesions found in PET. 53 patients with focal liver lesions (13 patients with HCC, 8 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CC), 20 patients with liver metastasis, 5 patients with hemangioma, 7 patients with liver abscess, including 1 patient with liver candidiasis) were examined. Definitely high FDG uptake pattern were observed in 54% (7/13) of HCC, 100% (8/8) of CC, 95% (19/20) of metastatic liver cancer and 100% (7/7) of liver abscess. Therefore, PET was partially useful in the diagnosis of HCC, but it was very useful in the diagnosis of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess. The contrast between lesions and surrounding liver background was very conspicuous in PET images of CC or liver metastasis or liver abscess, which suggests that PET might be used for the follow up and assessment of treatment response of these diseases.

  20. Petrous apex lesions outcome in 21 cases

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    Hekmatara M

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available Petrous apex lesions of temporal bone progress slowly. Most of the time not only destruct this area but also involve neighbouring element. The symptoms of the neighbouring neuro-vasculare involvement we can recognize these lesions. The most common symptoms of involvement of the petrous apex are: headache, conductive hearing loss or sensorineural type, paresthesia and anesthesia of the trigeminal nerve, paresia and paralysis of the facial nerve, abducent nerve. In retrospective study which has been in the ENT and HNS wards of Amiralam hospital, 148 patients have been operated due to temporal bone tumor; from these numbers, 21 (13.6% patients had petrous apex lesions of temporal bone. Eleven (52.9% patients of these 21 persons were men and the remaining 10 (47-6% were women. The average age of the patients was 37 years. The common pathology of these patients were glomus jugulare tumors, hemangioma, schwannoma, meningioma, congenital cholesteatoma, giant cell granuloma. The kind of operations that have been done on these patients were: infratemporal, translabyrinthine and middle fossa approaches. The conclusion of this study shows that petrous apex area is an occult site. The symptoms of this lesion are not characteristic, meticulous attention to the history and physical examination are very helpful to recognition of these lesions and it's extention.

  1. Cervical Vertebral Lesions in Equine Stenotic Myelopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janes, J G; Garrett, K S; McQuerry, K J; Waddell, S; Voor, M J; Reed, S M; Williams, N M; MacLeod, J N

    2015-09-01

    Skeletal lesions in the articular processes of cervical vertebrae C2 to C7 were compared between Thoroughbred horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy (17 males, 2 females; age, 6-50 months) and controls (6 males, 3 females; age, 9-67 months). Lesions identified by magnetic resonance imaging occurred with an increased frequency and severity in diseased horses and were not limited to sites of spinal cord compression. Lesions involved both the articular cartilage and trabecular bone and were further characterized using micro-computed tomography and histopathology. The most common histologic lesions included osteochondrosis, osseous cyst-like structures, fibrous tissue replacement of trabecular bone, retained cartilage matrix spicules, and osteosclerosis. Osseous cyst-like structures were interpreted to be true bone cysts given they were a closed cavity with a cellular lining that separated the cyst from surrounding bone. This is the first report of bone cysts in the cervical articular processes of horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy. The morphology and distribution of the lesions provide additional support for the previously proposed pathogenesis that developmental abnormalities with likely secondary biomechanical influences on the cervical spine contribute to equine cervical stenotic myelopathy. PMID:26169385

  2. Iliopsoas compartment lesions: a radiologic evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The iliopsoas compartment, a posterior boundary of the retroperitoneum, is comprised of the psoas major, psoas minor and iliac muscles. The symptoms picture in patients presenting with pathological involvement of this compartment may show a wide range of nonspecific clinical presentations that may lead to delayed diagnosis. However, in the search of an etiological diagnosis, it is already known that inflammation, tumors, and hemorrhages account for almost all the lesions affecting the iliopsoas compartment. By means of a retrospective analysis of radiological studies in patients with iliopsoas compartment lesions whose diagnosis was confirmed by anatomopathological evaluation or clinical follow-up, we have reviewed its anatomy as well as the main forms of involvement, with the purpose of identifying radiological signs that may help to narrow down the potential differential diagnoses. As each lesion is approached we will discuss the main radiological findings such as presence of gas in pyogenic abscesses, bone destruction and other bone changes of vertebral bodies in lesions secondary to tuberculosis, involvement of fascial planes in cases of neoplasms, and differences in signal density and intensity of hematomas secondary to hemoglobin degradation, among others. So, we have tried to present cases depicting the most frequent lesions involving the iliopsoas compartment, with emphasis on those signs that can lead us to a more specific etiological diagnosis. (author)

  3. Venocentric lesions: an MRI marker of MS?

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    MarceloKremenchutzky

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available From the earliest descriptions of MS, the venocentric characteristic of plaques was noted. Recently, numerous MRI studies have proposed this finding as a prospective biomarker for MS, which might aid in differentiating MS from other diseases with similar MRI findings. High field MRI studies have shown that penetrating veins can be detected in most MS lesions using T2* weighted or susceptibility weighted imaging. Future studies must address the feasibility of imaging such veins in a clinically practical context. The specificity of this biomarker has been studied only in a limited capacity. Results in microangiopathic lesions are conflicting, whereas asymptomatic white matter hyperintensities as well as lesions of NMO are less frequently venocentric compared to MS plaques. Prospective studies have shown that the presence of venocentric lesions at an early clinical presentation is highly predictive of future MS diagnosis. This is very promising, but work remains to be done to confirm or exclude lesions of common MS mimics, such as ADEM, as venocentric. A number of technical challenges must be addressed before the introduction of this technique as a complementary tool in current diagnostic procedures.

  4. Traumatic lung lesions: computed tomography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traumatic lesions of the lung are common findings in patients with thoracic trauma. These lesions are increasingly diagnosed using computed tomography, mostly due to the fast acquisition time helical techniques that allow evaluation of critically ill patients and an efficient therapeutic management. The authors studied 150 patients with thoracic trauma submitted to computed tomography that demonstrated lung contusions, atelectasis, lacerations and hematomas. Lung contusions were the most frequent lesions appearing as consolidation or ground-glass attenuation areas. Atelectasis, in subsegmentar and compressive patterns, were the second most common lesions observed. Lacerations appeared as consolidations with air or liquid level. Lung hematomas, characterized by round opacities, were the most rare lung lesions seen in only five cases. In this study, blunt thoracic trauma accounted for the majority of 120 cases whereas penetrating trauma occurred in 30 cases. The causes of blunt trauma in de crescent order of frequency were motor vehicle accidents, pedestrian hit by car, falls, motorcycle accidents and trashing. Penetrating traumas were caused by bullets or knives. (author)

  5. Oral White Lesions: Presentation and Comparison of Oral Submucous Fibrosis with Other Lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare oral submucous fibrosis with other white oral lesions for presentation and associated factors. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Departments of Oral Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ibad Institute of Oral Health Sciences (DIKIOHS), Karachi, from May 2008 to May 2009. Methodology: Patients presenting with oral white lesions were selected by consecutive non-purposive sampling and clinico-demographic data was collected. For patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), additional information like duration of habits, maximal incisal opening (MIO), presence of any other associated lesion were noted. OSF was compared with other white lesions for any association between characteristic of subjects. Chi-square and independent t-tests for determining the statistical significance at p < 0.05. Results: OSF was present in 59.6% (n = 106) of the 178 patients; other white lesions were 40.4% (n = 72). The mean age of patients with OSF was 34 +- 12.7 years and 45.81 +- 16.2 years in patients with other white lesions, (p < 0.0001). Items containing areca nut were consumed more by patients with OSF, with a significant (p < 0.0001) compared to patients with other white lesions. Conclusion: OSF was the predominant white lesion in patients examined at DIKIOHS. Areca nut was found to be chewed more by patients with OSF and still longer by patients with SCC. (author)

  6. Bony landmarks are not an adequate substitute for lymphangiography in defining pelvic lymph node location for the treatment of cervical cancer with radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Curative radiotherapy (RT) for carcinoma of the cervix requires adequate irradiation of regional lymph node groups. The best nonsurgical method of defining lymph node anatomy in the pelvis remains the lymphangiogram (LAG). This study was designed to determine if bony landmarks could accurately substitute for LAG as a means of determining lymph node position for the purpose of pelvic RT treatment planning. Methods and Materials: The post-LAG simulation films of 22 patients treated at the Fox Chase Cancer Center for cervical cancer were examined. On anterior/posterior (A/P) simulation films, the distance of lymph nodes was determined from the top, middle, and bottom of the sacroiliac joint, and at the pelvic rim, 1 and 2 cm above the acetabulum. On lateral (LAT) simulation films, lymph node position was measured at points 0, 4, and 8 cm along a line from the bottom of L5 to the anterior aspect of the pubic symphysis. Positive values represent lateral and anterior distances relative to the reference point on A/P and LAT films, respectively. Negative values represent distances in the opposite direction. The adequacy of standard pelvic fields as defined by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) (A/P: 1.5 cm margin on the pelvic rim; LAT field edge is a vertical line anterior to the pubic symphysis) was also examined. Data are expressed as the mean ± two standard deviations, (i.e. 95% confidence level). Results: On A/P simulation films, the distance of visualized lymph nodes had mean values of -1.6 ± 1.7 cm (range -4.1 to -0.4 cm), -1.3 ± 1.5 cm (range -3.4 to 0.0 cm), and 1.2 ± 1.8 cm (range -1.0 to 2.6 cm) from the sacro-iliac (SI) joint at the superior, middle, and inferior points, respectively. The mean distance of the nodes from the pelvic rim at points 1 and 2 cm above the acetabulum was 0.3 ± 1.2 cm (range -0.6 to 1.8 cm) and 0.2 ± 1.8 cm (range -1.6 to 2.1 cm), respectively. On LAT simulation films, the distance of lymph nodes from points 0, 4, and 8 cm from the previously described reference line had mean values of 2.0 ± 1.0 cm (range 1.3 to 3.0 cm), 0.9 ± 3.9 cm (range -1.9 to 5.1 cm), and 1.8 ± 2.1 cm (range -0.8 to 3.5 cm), respectively. Ten of 22 (45%) patients would have had inadequate nodal irradiation if their fields had been designed according to standard GOG parameters. In all cases, these incompletely irradiated lymph nodes were from the lowest of the lateral external iliac group. Conclusions: Great variability in pelvic lymph node location is demonstrated when LAG is used to directly visualize their location. Bony structures are inaccurate landmarks for pelvic lymph node position. The GOG standard pelvic fields are not consistently adequate to cover all lateral external iliac lymph nodes, although the clinical significance of this subgroup of lymph nodes is not known. At this time, LAG remains the ideal radiographic modality to define anatomic location of regional lymph nodes for pelvic RT treatment planning. The clinical importance of the most lateral group of external iliac lymph nodes in various stages of cervical cancer represents a potential area of future research

  7. Early detection of bony alterations in rheumatoid and erosive arthritis of finger joints with high-resolution single photon emission computed tomography, and differentiation between them

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostendorf, B.; Schneider, M. [Heinrich-Heine University, Rheumatology, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Rheumatology, Duesseldorf (Germany); Mattes-Gyoergy, K.; Wirrwar, A.; Mueller, H.W. [Heinrich-Heine University, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Duesseldorf (Germany); Reichelt, D.C.; Blondin, D.; Lanzman, R.; Moedder, U.; Scherer, A. [Heinrich-Heine University, Institute of Radiology, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2010-01-15

    To evaluate high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) for the detection of bony alterations in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA), early osteoarthritis (EOA) of the fingers and healthy controls. The clinically dominant hands of 27 patients (13 ERA, nine EOA, five healthy controls) were examined by MPH-SPECT and bone scintigraphy. Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in the ERA patients. Number of affected joints, localisation, pattern of tracer distribution and joint involvement were scored. Quantitative analysis was achieved by measurement of the region of interest (ROI) in all patients. The MPH-SPECT and MR images were fused in the ERA group. Bone scintigraphy detected fewer joints (26 joints,13/22 patients) with increased tracer uptake than did MPH-SPECT (80 joints, 21/22 patients). Bone scintigraphy did not show recognisable uptake patterns in any group of patients. With MPH-SPECT central tracer distribution was typical in ERA (10/13 patients, EOA 2/9). In contrast, an eccentric pattern was found predominantly in EOA (7/9, ERA 2/13). Normalised counts were 4.5 in unaffected joints and up to 222.7 in affected joints. The mean uptake values in affected joints were moderately higher in the EOA patients (78.75, and 62.16 in ERA). The mean tracer uptake in affected joints was approximately three-times higher than in unaffected joints in both groups (ERA 3.64-times higher, EOA 3.58). Correlation with MR images revealed that bone marrow oedema and erosions matched pathological tracer accumulation of MPH-SPECT in 11/13. MPH-SPECT demonstrated increased activity in 2/13 patients with normal bone marrow signal intensity and synovitis seen on MR images. MPH-SPECT is sensitive to early changes in ERA and EOA and permits them to be distinguished by their patterns of uptake. (orig.)

  8. Evaluation of HTR polymer (Bioplant® HTR® as a bone graft material in the treatment of interproximal vertical bony defects: A clinical and radiological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prakash Shobha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives : Bone grafting is the most common form of regenerative therapy. Several bone substitutes have been used in clinical periodontal therapy to encourage bone formation. The present study has been undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of hard tissue replacement polymer (Bioplant® HTR® as a bone graft material in the treatment of interproximal vertical bony defects in human beings, both clinically and radiologically. Materials and Methods : Five chronic periodontitis patients were selected with 16 sites assigned randomly into control (open debridement alone and experimental (open flap debridement plus Bioplant® HTR® groups. Clinical measurements like plaque index (PI, gingival index (GI, probing pocket depth (PPD, clinical attachment level (CAL, gingival margin position (GMP assessment was done at 0, 3 and 6 months and radiographic assessment at 0 and 6 month. Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon?s signed Rank test and Mann-whitney U-test. Results : There were statistically no significant (P=1.00 changes in Plaque index and Gingival Index scores in both the groups from baseline to six months post surgery. Statistically significant (P< 0.05 reduction in Probing Pocket Depth was seen on comparison between the groups. In relation to the hard tissue changes, significant results were seen with respect to change in alveolar crest and percentage of original defect resolved. Comparison of results from six to 12 months following similar treatments showed no significant differences or advantages to having a clinical evaluation period longer than 6 months post surgically (Yukna 1999. Interpretation and Conclusion : Bioplant® HTR® material is a biocompatible, easy to handle and a beneficial grafting material for the treatment of periodontal osseous defects.

  9. Use of CT simulation for treatment of cervical cancer to assess the adequacy of lymph node coverage of conventional pelvic fields based on bony landmarks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To assess the adequacy of nodal coverage of 'conventional' pelvic radiation fields for carcinoma of the cervix, with contoured pelvic vessels on simulation computed tomography (CT) as surrogates for lymph node location. Methods and Materials: Pelvic arteries were contoured on non-contrast-enhanced CT simulation images of 43 patients with cervix cancer, FIGO Stages I-III. Vessel contours were hidden, and conventional pelvic fields were outlined: (1) anterior/posterior fields (AP): superior border, L5-S1 interspace; inferior border, obturator foramina; lateral border, 2 centimeters lateral to pelvic brim. (2) Lateral fields (LAT): Anterior border, symphysis pubis; posterior border, S2-S3 interspace. Distances were measured between the following: (1) bifurcation of the common iliac artery and superior border (2) external iliac artery and lateral border of the AP field, and (3) external iliac artery and anterior border of the LAT field. The distances were considered as 'inadequate' if 20 mm. Results: Superiorly, 34 patients (79.1%) had inadequate coverage. On the AP, margins were generous in 19 (44.2%), but inadequate in 9 (20.9%). On the LAT, margins were inadequate in 30 (69.8%) patients. Overall, 41 (95.4%, CI, 84.2%-99.4%) patients had at least 1 inadequate margin, the majority located superiorly. Twenty-four (55.8%; CI, 39.9%-70.9%) patients had at least 1 generous margin, the majority located laterally on the AP field. Conclusion: Conventional pelvic fields based on bony landmarks do not provide optimal lymph node coverage in a substantial proportion of patients and may include excess normal tissue in some. CT simulation with vessel contouring as a surrogate for lymph node localization provides more precise and individualized field delineation

  10. Blue light hazards for ocular lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The blue light range (400-500 nm) of visible radiation stimulates specifically cones and rods of the retina. The carried energy by these wavelengths is absorbed and transferred to specific pigments. Their energy is sufficient to produce free radicals and singlet form of oxygen. Intense sources, rich in blue light radiation, may induce, in the retina, photo-toxic lesions either limited or short-lived or photothermal lesions more or less definitive. Repeated photo-toxic lesions should be the root for the age-related maculo-pathy (A.R.M.) also called late macular degeneration (A.M.D.). As a consequence, the attention should be drawn on the potential risk linked to modern lighting as 'daylight' lamp, compact fluorescent lamps, energy saving (C.F.L.) and light-emitting diodes (L.E.D.) for which a specific vigilance should be enforced. (author)

  11. Evaluation of bone lesions of lymphomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Skeletal involvement of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is found in 11-16%, in Hodgkin's disease in 7.6-34%. Primary lymphoma of bone has an incidence of 1-50% among all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The occurrence of skeletal lesions is higher in infants and children than in adults. Skeletal lesions caused by Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are mostly seen in the axial skeleton including the skull, whereas the primary lymphoma of bone seems to prefer a more peripheral site. The aggressiveness of the tumor growth can be measured by the method of Lodwick, by judging the edge characteristic, the penetration of the cortex, the periostal and scleotic reaction. 3 examples illustrate this method. Conventional radiographs need only be performed when there is reason to believe a lesion is located in an area of structural importance, such as the neck of the femur, and in cases of skeletal pain of unknown origin. (orig.)

  12. Morgellons Disease Presenting As an Eyelid Lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandhu, Rasanamar K; Steele, Eric A

    2014-09-01

    Morgellons disease is characterized by complaints of uncomfortable skin sensations and fibers emanating from nonhealing skin lesions. Morgellons disease is well-known in the dermatology and psychiatry literature, where it is typically considered a subtype of delusional parasitosis, but it has not yet been described in the ophthalmology literature. A patient with self-reported Morgellons disease is presented, who was referred for evaluation of left lower eyelid ectropion. She reported that her skin was infested with fibers that were "trying to get down into the eyelid." On examination, she had ectropion of the left lower eyelid, broken cilia, and an ulcerated left upper eyelid lesion concerning for carcinoma. Biopsy of the lesion was consistent with excoriation. Treatment of her ectropion was deferred out of concern for wound dehiscence, given the patient's aggressive excoriation behavior. This case is presented to make the ophthalmologist aware of this disorder and to highlight the appropriate clinical management. PMID:25192328

  13. Lesions in nerves and plexus after radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Apart from the typical, radiation-induced changes in the skin, common secondary findings were oedemas, radiation-induced ulceration, fibroses of the mediastinum and lungs, pleura adhesions, and osteoradionecroses. In one patient with radiogenic paresis of the plexus brachialis, irradiation of the spinal cord because of epidural metastases of a mammary carcinoma resulted in radiation myelopathy which was verified by laminectomy. Observations of radiogenic lesions of the plexus brachialis show that the usual site of the lesion in the vasomotoric nerve bundle is the axilla. The lesion is assumed to be caused mainly by an overlapping of the axillary, infraclavicular and supraclavicular fields of irradiation which results in a dose peak in the axilla. (orig./AJ) 891 AJ/orig.- 892 MKO

  14. Incidencia de las lesiones cutáneas malignas faciales

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    Jorge Luis Zequeira Peña

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio de las lesiones malignas de la piel facial en el Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de Camagüey en los años 2000 y 2001. La información se obtuvo de 148 historias clínicas con el diagnóstico de lesiones malignas de la piel, de las cuales 42 correspondieron a lesiones de localización facial. La entidad que nos ocupa fue mayor en pacientes mayores de 50 años de edad, blancos, masculinos, con predominio en el tercio medio facial. Los principales tipos histológicos fueron: el carcinoma basocelular y el espinocelular, pero con mayor predominio en el primero. Se revisa el tema y se comparan nuestros resultados con los de otros autores.

  15. Detection of Helicobacter pylori in Oral Lesions

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    Soussan Irani

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and aims. Helicobacter pylori is a microaerophilic gram-negative spiral organism. It is recognized as the etiologic factor for peptic ulcers, gastric adenocarcinoma and gastric lymphoma. Recently, it has been isolated from dental plaque and the dorsum of the tongue. This study was designed to assess the association between H. pylori and oral lesions such as ulcerative/inflammatory lesions, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC and primary lymphoma. Materials and methods. A total of 228 biopsies diagnosed as oral ulcerative/inflammatory lesions, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC and oral primary lymphoma were selected from the archives of the Pathology Department. Thirty-two samples that were diagnosed as being without any pathological changes were selected as the control group. All the paraffin blocks were cut for hematoxylin and eosin staining to confirm the diagnoses and then the samples were prepared for immunohistochemistry staining. Data were collected and analyzed. Results. Chi-squared test showed significant differences between the frequency of H. pylori positivity in normal tissue and the lesions were examined (P=0.000. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference between the lesions examined (P=0.042. Chi-squared test showed significant differences between H. pylori positivity and different tissue types except inside the muscle layer as follows: in epithelium and in lamina propria (P=0.000, inside the blood vessels (P=0.003, inside the salivary gland duct (P=0.036, and muscle layer (P=0.122. Conclusion. There might be a relation between the presence of H. pylori and oral lesions. Therefore, early detection and eradication of H. pylori in high-risk patients are suggested.

  16. Hpv-Associated Penile Pigmented Lesion

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    Ananiev J.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available HPV infection is involved in the etiology of a number of nonmalignant, premalignant and malignant cutaneous lesions. One of them is the so-called giant condyloma of Buschke-Löwenstein type (Buschke-Löwenstein tumor, BLT, which sometimes can imitate clinically other tumors or tumor-like conditions. Clinicians face a particular challenge in cases of BLT where, clinically, the lesions demonstrate a permanent brown hyperpigmentation in parallel with the dermatoscopic lack of the characteristic melanocytic network, globules or regression zones. There are uncommon clinical presentations with solitary, sharply demarcated pigmented lesions. In these cases the histopathological verification of the lesion is obligatory and the most efficient treatment method in the early period of the disease is the complete surgical excision. We report a case of a 74-year-old man who was admitted to the University Hospital “Lozenetz” in connection with profuse variceal bleeding of the esophagus associated with liver cirrhosis of unknown etiology. He underwent a consultative examination at the department of dermatology because of suspected advanced stage melanoma of the prepuce. Computed tomographic analysis indicated diffuse bone metastases located in the small pelvis and femur, as well as metastatic disease in the left inguinal lymph nodes. However, the subsequent histopathologic examination of the lesion, rather than showing melanoma, confirmed the presence of HPV-associated giant condyloma of Buschke and Löwenstein in initial stage, without histopathological evidence for invasive and destructive tumor growth. After his death, the patient’s relatives did not give consent for an autopsy, and therefore the genesis of the metastases, demonstrated by nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMR, remained unclear. In some cases, the clinical picture of the malignant and premalignant cutaneous lesions in the genital area could be problematic. The complete surgical excision with a subsequent histopathological verification is the best way to find out the exact diagnosis

  17. Lesiones bucales relacionadas con las enfermedades digestivas

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    José A. Pacho Saavedra

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Muchas de las lesiones de la mucosa en la cavidad bucal están relacionadas con trastornos anatómicos y funcionales de los órganos del aparato digestivo; algunas forman parte del cuadro clínico de la entidad y otras aparecen como complicaciones de estas. Generalmente son de orígenes inmunológicos, nutricionales o carenciales. Estas lesiones son difíciles de tratar, por lo que es importante conocer las características clínicas que faciliten una adecuada interpretación y al mismo tiempo ofrecer una conducta terapéutica correcta. Se presenta una revisión actualizada de las características semiológicas de las lesiones bucales que forman parte del cuadro clínico de diversas enfermedades digestivas, con el fin de que los médicos generales, clínicos, estomatólogos y gastroenterólogos puedan diagnosticarlas y brindar mejor orientación y tratamiento a los pacientes.Many of the lesions of the mucosa in the oral cavity are related to anatomical and functional disorders of the organs of the digestive system. Some of them are part of the clinical picture of the entity and others appear as complications of them. Generally, they have an immunological, nutritional, or deficiency origin. These lesions are difficult to be treated and that's why it is important to know the clinical characteristics making easy an adequate interpretation, and to follow a suitable therapeutic conduct at the same time. An updated review of the semiological features of the oral lesions corresponding to the clinical picture of diverse digestive diseases is presented, so that the general physicians, clinicians, stomatologists and gastroenterologists be able to diagnose and give a better guidance and treatment to the patients.

  18. Chondrogenic Lesions of the Skeletal System Using Radiographs, CT and MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Bonakdarpour

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Benign Tumors: Chondroma, chondroblastoma,"nchondromyxoid fibroma, osteochondroma"nChondroma"n1. Enchondroma"n2. Periosteal Chondroma"n3. Enchondromatosis"n4. Metachondromatosis"nEnchondroma is a benign metaphyseal tumor. The"nmajor differential diagnoses are bone infarct and"nchondrosarcoma. Calcification in enchondroma"nhas a popcorn appearance and on radiographs and"nCT they may be counted. Calcified bone infarct"nhas an appearance similar to rotten metal. Central"nchondrosarcoma shows cortical erosion more than"ntwo thirds of the thickness of cortex and also periosteal"nreaction. Pain and growth of lesion in adulthood raises"nthe possibility of malignant transformation."nPeriosteal chondroma: This lesion arises from the"nperiosteum without involving the medullary bone."nThe most common location is the upper humerus."nEnchondromatosis reveals multiple enchondromas,"npredominantly involving one side of the skeleton."nMalignant transformation is the major complication"nof enchondromatosis. In malignant transformation,"nMRI shows that perichondrium is more than 1 cm"nthick in adults and more than 3 cm thick in children."nIn the hands and feet, enchondromatosis should not"nbe confused with fibrous dysplasia. Mafucci syndrome"nis enchondromatosis associated with cavernous"nhemangiomas with a prognosis worse than enchondr"nomatosis."nMultiple hereditary cartilaginous exostoses: This is"nof metaphyseal origin and pedunculated forms grow"naway from the adjacent joint. Sessile osteochondromas"nare broad based; if their surface is irregular they are"nsuspicious of malignancy. Pain and growth of the"nlesion after closure of the epiphyseal plate are warning"nsigns of malignant transformation. In malignant"ntransformation MRI shows that perichondrium is"nmore than 1 cm thick in adults and more than 3 cm"nthick in children."nChondroblastoma: This is a benign tumor, seen before"nclosure of epiphyseal plate, with a sclerotic border."n30 to 50% show calcification. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings. The tumor is hypodense in T1"nand hyperdense in T2 and post gadolinium injection"nfat suppressed T1 images. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nChondromyxoid Fibroma-A benign, eccentric, ovoid,"nmetaphyseal tumor with recurrent tendency. It rarely"nshows calcification. The tumor is hypodense on T1 and"nIran J Radiol 2011, 8 (Supp.1 S65"nhyper dense on T2 and post gadolinium studies show"nhyperintensity beyond the tumor. It has a tendency"nfor recurrence. Non-ossifying fibroma is a self healing"nmetaphyseal fibrous defect and not a tumor, diamond"nshaped in one of the perpendicular radiographs."nMetaphyseal fibrous defect is usually subcortical, but"nit may be small and intracortical. CT and MRI confirm"nradiographic findings."nSynovial chondrometaplasia. (synovial"nosteochondromatosis is an arthritis resulting"nfrom chondro (or osteochondro metaplasia of the"nsynovium. They may form osteocartilaginous bodies"nin the joint. In advanced cases they may cause erosion of"nthe articular surface and malignant transportation has"nbeen reported. Radiographs may demonstrate chondroosseous"nbodies in the joints, but CT demonstrates them"nbetter. MRI shows joint fluid and filling defects in the"nfluid. Erosion may be demonstrated by these three"nmodalities."nChondrosarcoma:"nConventional Chondrosarcoma: central, peripheral"nand juxtacortical."nVariants of chondrosarcoma: clear cell, mesenchymal"nand dedifferentiated. Chondrosarcoma can be"ndifferentiated from enchondroma by the presence"nof cortical erosion more than two thirds of the"ncortical diameter and periosteal reaction. Most"nchondrosarcomas discussed here are of low grad

  19. Frequency of Giant Cell Lesions in Oral Biopsies

    OpenAIRE

    H. Mohajerani; M. Mosalman; SA Mohajerani; Z Ghorbani

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Oral lesions are among the important reasons for seeking dental care. Being frequently encountered, giant cell lesions form an important group of oral lesions. The epidemiologic data on these lesions, however, is scarce in Iran. The present study investigatedepidemiological and demographic characteristics of giant cell lesions in oral biopsies done in one of the largest oral pathology departments in Iran.Materials and Methods: This descriptive survey studied the existing biopsy rec...

  20. Yellowish lesions of the oral cavity: Suggestion for a classification

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Iria, Gómez; Pablo, Varela; Amparo, Romero; María José, García; María Mercedes, Suárez; Juan, Seoane.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Para facilitar el diagnóstico de las lesiones de la cavidad oral estas han sido clasificadas atendiendo a su color en: blancas, rojas, blancas y rojas, azules y/o púrpura, marrones, grises y/o negras. El color de la lesión se debe a su naturaleza y al sustrato histológico. Debido a que no existe nin [...] guna clasificación de las lesiones, según nuestro conocimiento, atendiendo a su color amarillo, proponemos aquí esta clasificación desde una perspectiva semiológica, agrupándolas en lesiones maculares difusas, lesiones papulares, lesiones hipertróficas, lesiones pustulosas, quistes y nódulos. Esta lectura de las lesiones según su color constituye el primer paso para ayudar a su diagnóstico. Finalmente, debemos considerar que al igual que ocurre con las lesiones que se clasifican en cualquier grupo de color, el grupo de lesiones amarillas incluirá lesiones con diferente pronóstico y además lesiones que pueden indicar una patología sistémica de base. Abstract in english The colour of a lesion is due to its nature and to its histological substratum. In order to ease diagnosis, oral cavity lesions have been classified according to their colour in: white, red, white and red, bluish and/or purple, brown, grey and/or black lesions. To the best of our knowledge, there is [...] no such a classification for yellow lesions. So, a suggestion for a classification of yellowish lesions according to their semiology is made with the following headings: diffuse macular lesions, papular, hypertrophic, or pustular lesions, together with cysts and nodes. This interpretation of the lesions by its colour is the first step to diagnosis. It should be taken into account that, as happens with any other classification, the yellowish group of lesions includes items with different prognosis as well as possible markers of systemic disorders.

  1. Post-traumatic contrast enhancing brain lesion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dae Jung; Kim, Hyun Sook; Jeong, Min Sun; Kim, Deok Ryeong; Cho, Young Kwon; Choi, Yun Sun [Eulji Hospital, Eulji University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    Only a few studies have been reported on the MR contrast enhancement and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) findings of the post-traumatic lesion of the brain. We report a case of the venous ischemia in the left frontal lobe observed in the MRI obtained one day after the incidence of trauma. Considering the presented slight increase in the ADC, the vasogenic edema was thought to be the major mechanism of the venous ischemia and excitotoxic injury. In spite of a slight increase in the ADC, the hyperintensity in the diffusion weighted imaging and contrast-enhanced areas eventually changed into hemorrhagic lesions.

  2. Detection of pathological lesions in slaughtered rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Grilli

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The slaughterhouse is considered an important control point for the monitoring of rabbit diseases. In our study, 59,440 rabbit carcasses were examined, but only 1% of pathological lesions were recorded at postmortem inspection. Mainly affected were tegumentary, digestive and urinary systems. The most consistent lesion was the subcutaneous abscess; nephritis, probably caused by Encephalitozoon cuniculi, was also frequent. Pathological alterations of the liver, classified as “necrotizing hepatitis” and localized at the caudate lobe, were observed for the first time.

  3. Isolated sphenoid sinus lesion: A diagnostic dilemma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alazzawi, Sarmad; Shahrizal, Tengku; Prepageran, Narayanan; Pailoor, Jayalakshmi

    2014-01-01

    Isolated sphenoid sinus lesions are an uncommon entity and present with non-specific symptoms. In this case report, the patient presented with a history of headaches for a duration of one month without sinonasal symptoms. A computed tomography scan showed a soft tissue mass occupying the sphenoid sinus. An endoscopic biopsy revealed fungal infection. Endoscopic wide sphenoidotomy with excision of the sphenoid sinus lesion was then performed however, the microbiological examination post-surgery did not show any fungal elements. Instead, Citrobacter species was implicated to be the cause of infection. PMID:25320694

  4. CT diagnosis of cystic ovarian lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT was undertaken and CT numbers were measured in 47 patients with cystic ovarian lesions. CT features particularly for chocolate cyst revealed the uniform thickness of the whole cystic wall, findings suggesting adhesion to the surrounding organs, circular or oval shape, and higher CT numbers within the cyst than those in the other cystic ovarian lesions. However, because these features are not always observed in cases of chocolate cyst, one should not rely solely on CT findings in the diagnosis of chocolate cyst. (Namekawa, K.)

  5. Human papillomavirus in oral lesions Virus papiloma humano en lesiones orales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín V. Gónzalez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Growing evidence suggests a role for human papillomavirus (HPV in oral cancer; however its involvement is still controversial. This study evaluates the frequency of HPV DNA in a variety of oral lesions in patients from Argentina. A total of 77 oral tissue samples from 66 patients were selected (cases; the clinical-histopathological diagnoses corresponded to: 11 HPV- associated benign lesions, 8 non-HPV associated benign lesions, 33 premalignant lesions and 25 cancers. Sixty exfoliated cell samples from normal oral mucosa were used as controls. HPV detection and typing were performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR using primers MY09, 11, combined with RFLP or alternatively PCR using primers GP5+, 6+ combined with dot blot hybridization. HPV was detected in 91.0% of HPV- associated benign lesions, 14.3% of non-HPV associated benign lesions, 51.5% of preneoplasias and 60.0% of cancers. No control sample tested HPV positive. In benign HPV- associated lesions, 30.0% of HPV positive samples harbored high-risk types, while in preneoplastic lesions the value rose to 59.9%. In cancer lesions, HPV detection in verrucous carcinoma was 88.9% and in squamous cell carcinoma 43.8%, with high-risk type rates of 75.5% and 85.6%, respectively. The high HPV frequency detected in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions supports an HPV etiological role in at least a subset of oral cancers.Crecientes evidencias sugieren que el virus Papiloma humano (HPV tiene un rol en el cáncer oral; sin embargo su participación es todavía controvertida. Este estudio evalúa la frecuencia de ADN de HPV en una variedad de lesiones orales de pacientes de Argentina. Se seleccionaron 77 muestras de tejido oral de 66 pacientes (casos; el diagnóstico histo-patológico correspondió a: 11 lesiones benignas asociadas a HPV, 8 lesiones benignas no asociadas a HPV, 33 lesiones premalignas y 25 cánceres. Como controles se usaron 60 muestras de células exfoliadas de mucosa oral normal. La detección y tipificación de HPV se realizó por PCR empleando los primers MY09,11, seguida de RFLP, o PCR usando los primers GP5+, 6+ seguida de hibridación en dot blot. HPV fue detectado en 91% de las lesiones benignas asociadas a HPV, 14.3% de las lesiones benignas no asociadas, 51.5% de preneoplasias y 60% de cánceres. Ninguna muestra control resultó HPV positiva. En las lesiones benignas, 30% de las muestras HPV positivas correspondieron a tipos de alto riesgo, mientras que en las lesiones preneoplásicas la positividad ascendió a 59.9%. En cánceres, la detección de HPV en carcinomas verrugosos fue 88.9% y en carcinomas escamosos 43.8%, con 75.5% y 85.6% de tipos virales de alto riesgo, respectivamente. La alta frecuencia de HPV detectada en lesiones preneoplásicas y cánceres apoya un rol etiológico del HPV en, al menos, un subgrupo de cánceres orales.

  6. Biology of Bony Fish Macrophages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordan W. Hodgkinson

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Macrophages are found across all vertebrate species, reside in virtually all animal tissues, and play critical roles in host protection and homeostasis. Various mechanisms determine and regulate the highly plastic functional phenotypes of macrophages, including antimicrobial host defenses (pro-inflammatory, M1-type, and resolution and repair functions (anti-inflammatory/regulatory, M2-type. The study of inflammatory macrophages in immune defense of teleosts has garnered much attention, and antimicrobial mechanisms of these cells have been extensively studied in various fish models. Intriguingly, both similarities and differences have been documented for the regulation of lower vertebrate macrophage antimicrobial defenses, as compared to what has been described in mammals. Advances in our understanding of the teleost macrophage M2 phenotypes likewise suggest functional conservation through similar and distinct regulatory strategies, compared to their mammalian counterparts. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing teleost macrophage functional heterogeneity, including monopoetic development, classical macrophage inflammatory and antimicrobial responses as well as alternative macrophage polarization towards tissues repair and resolution of inflammation.

  7. Space Occupying Lesions in the Liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available "nRadiology (imaging plays a pivotal role for the diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of focal liver lesions. The differential diagnosis in patients presenting with a focal liver lesion is broad. "nThe size of the liver mass is an important consideration in guiding the evaluation. Lesions smaller than approximately 1.0 cm are commonly benign incidental findings on imaging studies, and in most cases represent small cysts, hemangiomas, or biliary hamartomas. Furthermore, they are frequently difficult to definitively characterize by imaging methods, due to their small size, and difficult to biopsy percutaneously. Often clinical follow-up is the only recourse for these lesions. "nTo formulate a practical approach to these patients, several factors must be incorporated into a clinical decision-making algorithm (figure below, including: the particular clinical setting (e.g., known co-morbidities, underlying cirrhosis or a known primary neoplasm, the presence of clinical signs and symptoms, the results of laboratory tests, and the critical information provided by imaging studies. "nDue to a combination of high spatial resolution and inherent soft-tissue contrast, lack of ionizing radiation, low cost, and wide availability, ultrasonography (US is frequently the first-line imaging modality for the study of the liver. "nMulti-detector row CT (MDCT has become the most commonly used modality in the preoperative diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of patients with known or suspected hepatic tumors. "nTo maximize the detection and characterization of liver tumors, the CT protocol must be designed according to the diagnostic task. To increase the attenuation difference (i.e., conspicuity between the hepatic parenchyma and liver tumors,3 several injection factors need to be optimized, including the volume and iodine concentration of contrast media, the injection rate (4-5mL/s, and the scanning delay from the start of contrast media administration. "nMost tumors are best seen during the hepatic venous phase (HVP, when the maximal difference in attenuation is attained between the vividly enhancing hepatic parenchyma and hypo-attenuating lesions. "nHepatic arterial dominant phase (HAP is crucial in the detection of those liver tumors (e.g., focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatocellular adenoma, HCC and hypervascular liver metastases that receive abundant arterial supply. During the HAP, these lesions manifest as hyper-attenuating foci relative to adjacent, poorly-enhanced hepatic parenchyma, but may not be detected during the HVP due to progressive liver enhancement from the portal vein. "nMagnetic resonance imaging offers increased capabilities for the characterization of liver lesions, and is generally recommended as a problem-solving modality when CT fails to determine a conclusive diagnosis. Additionally, MR imaging should be considered in place of CT for the evaluation of liver lesions in children and young adults, or in patients who require serial follow-up examinations, because of the absence of radiation hazards. "n(Discussion of some individual disorders "nMALIGNANT LIVER TUMORS: "nMetastatic Tumors "nUltrasound: As a general rule, metastases from adenocarcinoma are multiple and hypoechoic in comparison to the surrounding liver parenchyma.8 Hypoechoic rims and internal heterogeneity also distinguish metastases from most other masses. "nComputed tomography: On triphasic CT of the liver, metastatic liver lesions from the colon, stomach, and pancreas usually show lower attenuation (i.e., are darker in contrast to the brighter surrounding liver parenchyma. "nMagnetic resonance imaging: On MRI metastatic lesions appear as low signal areas on T1-weighted images and moderately high signal on T2-weighted images. "nHepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC: "nUltrasound: ultrasound cannot distinguish HCC from other solid tumors in the liver. Sonographic characteristics of a hepatic lesion that are suggestive of HCC i

  8. Amalgam associated mercury accumulations in normal oral mucosa, oral mucosal lesions of lichen planus and contact lesions associated with amalgam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolewska, J; Holmstrup, P; Møller-Madsen, B; Kenrad, B; Danscher, Gorm

    1990-01-01

    Fourty-three patients with oral mucosal lesions were divided into 3 groups based on the relationship between lesions and amalgam restorations. Group I consisted of patients with contact lesions confined to mucosal areas in contact with amalgam fillings. Group II patients had lichen planus lesions exceeding the area of contact with an amalgam filling and Group III comprised patients with lichen planus lesions without relation to amalgam fillings. Biopsies were embedded in epon and subjected to au...

  9. Bone sarcomas in Paget disease: a study of 85 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a comprehensive review of 85 patients who had bone sarcoma associated with Paget disease and who were seen at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1927 and 1982. There was an almost equal distribution of tumors in the axial and the appendicular skeletons. The pelvis, humerus, femur, and skull were the tumor sites in 80% of cases. The tumors were bulky large soft tissue masses. Lytic lesions were more common than sclerotic lesions. Methylene diphosphonate scans of the bone often showed a cold area that was associated with marked increase in uptake on the gallium scan. Angiography, which was performed in 13 patients, was useful, but CT was much more helpful in showing the soft tissue mass as well as the extent of bony disease. Only three patients in this study survived for five years

  10. Osteoid osteoma of the dorsal spine in 13-year-old boy: A case report with review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajiv Goyal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma is a benign bony tumor characterized by presence of a nidus of osteoid vascular bone with dense sclerotic bone in its periphery. Osteoid osteomas comprises 10% of all benign bone tumors and 1% of all spinal tumors, with lumbar spine (60% as the most common site, followed by cervical (27% and thoracic spine (12%. A spinal osteoid oesteoma usually present as back pain localized around level of lesion. We reported a case of osteoid osteoma involving the dorsal spine in 13-year-old boy who presented with progressive backache for last 6 months. Spine is an uncommon site for this benign tumor, and these patients are usually symptomatically treated for nonspecific back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful investigation but computed tomography scan appears as better investigation modality to study the extent, size and location of the osteoid osteoma in the spine. Most patients require direct surgical excision, curettage or percutaneous radiofrequency ablation to remove the lesion.

  11. Diagnostic radiology of osteo-articular lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The textbook teaches the fundamentals as well as the ins and outs of diagnostic image analysis and hence may also serve as a reference book, e.g. for information on lesions of rare occurrence. It offers easy and rapid access to the systematically arranged material covering all relevant methods and findings. (orig./CB)

  12. Oral White Lesions Associated with Chewing Khat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorsky Meir

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Khat is a cultivated plant whose leaves when chewed elevate mood. Unlike the chewing of betel nut, no association between the white oral mucosal lesions in khat users and oral malignancies has been reported. Chewing of khat has been documented in many countries and has increased with worldwide migration. The impact of chewing khat upon the oral mucosa is essentially unknown. Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the occurrence of oral white changes in chronic khat chewers. Oral mucosal changes in a group of 47 Yemenite Israeli men over 30 years of age, who had chewed khat more than 3 years, were compared to those of 55 Yemenite men who did not chew. Results White lesions were significantly more prevalent in the khat chewers (83% compared to the non chewing individuals (16% (P Discussion This study demonstrated a relationship between khat chewing and oral white lesions, which we attribute to chronic local mechanical and chemical irritation of the mucosa. Our findings also suggest that mucosal changes associated with khat are benign, however, this initial study requires further studies including follow-up of khat users to confirm the current findings, including the likely benign changes associated with chronic use and histologic findings of clinical lesions.

  13. Roentgenologic diagnostics of capsular ligament lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The X-ray diagnostic is of obvious importance and relevance in the detection of acute or old capsular ligament lesions of the limb joint. On the one hand it serves as the plain radiograph (roentgenogram without contrast medium) for the assessment of osseous secondary lesions, for the documentation of luxationary positions of the joint partners, and in old capsular ligament lesions for the detection of an already existing arthrosis. On the other hand the X-ray images are of main importance, which are made from the hand-held limb in order to permit a comparison of the two sides, and which beyond the clinical detection of a joint instability indicate the extent and the direction of this instability and which also document it, and which allow in adolescents to recognize a separation of the epiphysis as an alternative to the capsular ligament rupture. Only in particular cases arthrography can provide some additional information, so for example in the case of an isolated syndesmosis rupture, ruptures of the rosette of the rotator muscle or of a damaged triangular disk in the hand. Angiography is only required in cases of traumatic luxations of the knee in order to exclude an intimal lesion of the popliteal artery. (orig.)

  14. Skin lesion tracking using structured graphical models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaalian, Hengameh; Lee, Tim K; Hamarneh, Ghassan

    2016-01-01

    An automatic pigmented skin lesions tracking system, which is important for early skin cancer detection, is proposed in this work. The input to the system is a pair of skin back images of the same subject captured at different times. The output is the correspondence (matching) between the detected lesions and the identification of newly appearing and disappearing ones. First, a set of anatomical landmarks are detected using a pictorial structure algorithm. The lesions that are located within the polygon defined by the landmarks are identified and their anatomical spatial contexts are encoded by the landmarks. Then, these lesions are matched by labeling an association graph using a tensor-based algorithm. A structured support vector machine is employed to learn all free parameters in the aforementioned steps. An adaptive learning approach (on-the-fly vs offline learning) is applied to set the parameters of the matching objective function using the estimated error of the detected landmarks. The effectiveness of the different steps in our framework is validated on 194 skin back images (97 pairs). PMID:25960342

  15. Corticoides intralesionales en lesiones a células gigantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.P. Crestanello Nese

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde su descripción original, las lesiones de células gigantes (LCG han sido entidades controvertidas, desde el punto de vista de su origen, de su comportamiento clínico, de sus características radiográficas e histológicas, así como de su tratamiento. Para su tratamiento se han considerado alternativas quirúrgicas y no quirúrgicas. En este trabajo, se presentan tres nuevos casos de LCG, en los cuales se realizó infiltración intralesional con corticoides como una maniobra previa y complementaria a la quirúrgica. Luego de la infiltración, se observó una disminución del tamaño de las lesiones y un cambio en sus características macroscópicas, se trato por enucleación un caso y por remodelación quirúrgica los dos restantes.Giant cell lesions (GCL have been controversial entities since its original description. Its origin, clinical behavior, radiographic and histological features and also its treatment are polemical. The therapeutic possibilities are surgical or non surgical. In this paper, the intralesional infiltration with steroids is presented like a previous and complementary therapy to surgery alone. Three new cases of GCL are presented. All of them were first treated with intralesional infiltration with steroids. After that,a partial remission and a change of the macroscopic characteristics were observed and one of the lesion was then enucleated while for the others two surgical remodelation were necessary to do.

  16. Scoliosis secondary to an unusual rib lesion.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Burke, N G

    2012-04-01

    Tumours of the chest wall are uncommon and are usually malignant. A bone haemangioma is a rare benign vascular neoplasm, which more commonly occurs in middle-aged patients. We present the case of a scoliosis caused by a rib haemangioma in an adolescent male. Other causes of scoliosis secondary to rib lesions are discussed.

  17. Gamma knife radiosurgery for midline lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Legat, J.; Mokry, M.; Leber, K.; Schroettner, O.; Pendl, G. [Karl-Franzens Univ., Graz (Austria)

    1998-09-01

    Surgery of midline lesions is difficult in many cases and often only partial removal is possible. Between May 1992 and April 1997, 81 patients with midline lesions were treated radiosurgically. The lesions were located in the hypothalamic region (25), thalamus (20), third ventricle (2), quadrigeminal plate (9), pons (13), fourth ventricle (4), pineal region (4) and other locations (4). Forty-eight patients were male and 33 were female. Histologically, there were 56 benign cases (13 arteriovenous malformations, 11 low grade gliomas, 20 craniopharyngiomas, 5 meningiomas, 3 hamartomas, 4 miscellaneous) and 25 malignant cases (10 metastases, 10 high grade gliomas, 2 medulloblastomas, 3 miscellaneous). Clinical and radiological follow-up was obtained in 71 patients (88%). In all patients the treatment was well tolerated. Radiographic response could be achieved in 39 of 68 tumor patients (57%). A complete obliteration was seen in 6 arteriovenous malformations (60%) 2 years after radiosurgery. A second radiosurgical procedure was necessary in 2 patients because of incomplete obliteration after 3 years. According to our experience, we can conclude that radiosurgery appears to be effective as adjuvant treatment or midline lesions. (author)

  18. MRI of fetal acquired brain lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acquired fetal brain damage is suspected in cases of destruction of previously normally formed tissue, the primary cause of which is hypoxia. Fetal brain damage may occur as a consequence of acute or chronic maternal diseases, with acute diseases causing impairment of oxygen delivery to the fetal brain, and chronic diseases interfering with normal, placental development. Infections, metabolic diseases, feto-fetal transfusion syndrome, toxic agents, mechanical traumatic events, iatrogenic accidents, and space-occupying lesions may also qualify as pathologic conditions that initiate intrauterine brain damage. MR manifestations of acute fetal brain injury (such as hemorrhage or acute ischemic lesions) can easily be recognized, as they are hardly different from postnatal lesions. The availability of diffusion-weighted sequences enhances the sensitivity in recognizing acute ischemic lesions. Recent hemorrhages are usually readily depicted on T2 (*) sequences, where they display hypointense signals. Chronic fetal brain injury may be characterized by nonspecific changes that must be attributable to the presence of an acquired cerebral pathology. The workup in suspected acquired fetal brain injury also includes the assessment of extra-CNS organs that may be affected by an underlying pathology. Finally, the placenta, as the organ that mediates oxygen delivery from the maternal circulation to the fetus, must be examined on MR images

  19. CT endoscopy in urinary bladder lesions detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mašulovi? D.M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate applicability and efficacy CT vurtual cystoscopy in detection of urinary bladder tumors. Material and methods: During the period of 14 months, 17 patients with suspicion or present of some urinary bladder lesions has undergone CT virtual and conventional cystoscopy. After examination, all data were moved to the workstation for interactive endoluminal navigation. After that, radiologist analyzed transversal and virtual images without results of conventional cystoscopy and made conclusion. Results: Results were divided according to their basic clinical application. By using this method, all lesions over 5 mm in size were revealed. In the group of patients that were followed up for urinary bladder tumors, three patients with carcinomatous lesion were revealed. Two tumors of bladder vault that were missed on transversal scan were visualized by virtual cystoscopy. Useful additional information about tumor spread was given in two patient. One tumor inside the bladder diverticulum was detected, that was not seen by conventional cystoscopy. In two patients, endoluminal origin of mass that could not be confirmed by conventional radiologic methods, was determined. Conclusion: CT virtual cystoscopy is useful method and technique that promise a lot, especially in following situations: a follow up of bladder tumors; b supplemental estimation of endoscopically hardly accessible regions; c differential diagnosis between intravesical and exravesical lesions. Optimal estimation offers adequate bladder distension with patient positioned on the back and on the belly and interpretation as well as on transversal and virtual images. .

  20. Circumscribed lytic lesions of the thalassaemic skull

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solitary or multiple circumscribed osteolytic areas are described in seven patients, selected from 250 patients with homozygous ?-thalassaemia (Cooley's anaemia). On X-ray examinations, these areas appear as purely osteolytic lesions with well-defined margins not associated with sclerosis. The possible mechanisms are discussed. (orig.)

  1. Precancerous Lesions of the Oral Mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya Gürbüz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this review of oral precancerous lesions, leukoplakia, erythroleukoplakia/erythroplakia and the least common variant proliferative verrucous leukoplakia will be focused with their clinical characteristics and their potential to develop oral squamous cell carcinoma and related factors will be discussed.

  2. What affects detectability of lesion-deficit relationships in lesion studies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Kayo; Madhyastha, Tara; Rudrauf, David; Mehta, Sonya; Grabowski, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Elucidating the brain basis for psychological processes and behavior is a fundamental aim of cognitive neuroscience. The lesion method, using voxel-based statistical analysis, is an important approach to this goal, identifying neural structures that are necessary for the support of specific mental operations, and complementing the strengths of functional imaging techniques. Lesion coverage in a population is by nature spatially heterogeneous and biased, systematically affecting the ability of lesion-deficit correlation methods to detect and localize functional associations. We have developed a simulator that allows investigators to model parameters in a lesion-deficit study and characterize the statistical bias in lesion deficit detection coverage that will result from specific assumptions. We used the simulator to assess the signal detection properties and localization accuracy of standard lesion-deficit correlation methods, under a simple truth model - that a critical region of interest (CR), when damaged, gives rise to a deficit. We considered voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) and proportional MAP-3 (PM3). Using regression analysis, we examined if the pattern of outcome statistics can be explained by simulation parameters, factors that are inherent to anatomic parcels, and lesion coverage of the population, which consisted of a representative sample of 351 subjects drawn from the Iowa Patient Registry. We examined the effect of using nonparametric versus parametric statistics to obtain thresholded maps and the effect of correcting for multiple comparisons using false discovery rate or cluster-based correction. Our results, which are derived from samples of realistic lesions, indicate that even a simple truth model yields localization errors that are systematic and pervasive, averaging 2 cm in the standard anatomic space, and tending to be directed towards areas of greater anatomic coverage. This displacement positions the center of mass of the detected region in a different anatomical region 87% of the time. This basic result is not affected by the choice of PM3 vs VLSM as the fundamental approach, nor is localization error ameliorated by incorporation of lesion size as a covariate in the VLSM approach, or by data distribution-driven approaches to controlling multiple spatial comparisons (false discovery rate or cluster-based correction approaches). Our simulations offer a quantitative basis for interpreting lesion studies in cognitive neuroscience. We suggest ways in which lesion simulation and analysis frameworks could be productively extended. PMID:25379452

  3. Lesiones cutáneas en educadores físicos costarricenses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José, Moncada Jiménez; Maureen, Meneses Montero; Benjamin, Hidalgo Matlock; Caridad, Granados Chavarría.

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Los educadores físicos representan una población laboral que se expone crónicamente a la radiación solar. No se han descrito las lesiones cutáneas en este grupo de personas. El propósito del estudio fue describir la incidencia de lesiones cutáneas en educadores físicos cost [...] arricenses. Métodos: En total, participaron voluntariamente 23 hombres (48.9%) y 24 mujeres (51.1%), a quienes se les aplicó un cuestionario. Los 47 participantes fueron revisados por un médico del Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital R. A. Calderón Guardia de la Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social. Se obtuvo información demográfica, fenotipo, salud general y horario de trabajo, prendas de vestir utilizadas para laborar, protección y cuidado de la piel, historia familiar y personal de cáncer de piel, y ubicación anatómica de las lesiones. Resultados y discusión: Las lesiones cutáneas se ubicaron en las regiones del rostro, el pecho, la espalda alta, los brazos y los muslos. Hubo 3 casos con antecedentes familiares de cáncer de piel, y una persona presentó antecedentes personales (no melanoma). Se encontraron lesiones premalignas en 5 sujetos (6.3%). Se recomienda evitar la exposición solar; una revisión anual con el dermatólogo; un autoexamen de piel completo mensualmente; el uso de prendas de vestir cuya translucidez sea poca, hechas de un material como el algodón, idealmente de color claro; también el uso de gorra o sombrero, anteojos oscuros, filtros solares, y si fuera posible, cambiar horarios de trabajo para horas cuando ocurre la menor radiación solar. Abstract in english Purpose: In Costa Rica, physical education professionals are chronically exposed to solar radiation throughout their lives. However, skin lesions in this group of workers have not been described so far. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence of skin lesions in this professionals in [...] Costa Rica. Methods: Twenty-three males (48.9%) and twenty-four females (51.1%) volunteers answered a questionnaire and were examined by a dermatologist from the Dermatology Service of the Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia Hospital. Information on demographics, phototype, general health status, work schedule, clothing, skin and sun protection, family and personal history for skin cancer, and anatomic region of the skin lesion were obtained. Results and discussion: In general, most lesions were found in the face, chest, shoulders, back, arms, and thighs. There were 3 cases of family history of skin cancer; and one case of personal history (non melanoma) of skin cancer. Pre-malignant lesions suggestive of skin cancer were found in 5 cases (6.3%). In conclusion, avoiding excessive sun exposure and a yearly visit to a dermatologist is recornmended. It is also important to perform a monthly self-examination of the skin, to wear sun glasses, hat, sun blockers, and thick-layered lightcolored preferably cotton clothes. Agradecimientos Un agradecimiento especial a los educadores físicos que voluntariamente participaron en este estudio; al comité organizador del Congreso Nacional de Educación Física, por facilitamos una sala adecuada para la revisión médica; al Dr. Daniel Rodríguez Guerrero, Jefe del Servicio de Medicina del Hospital Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia (HRACG); al Dr. Luis Paulino Hernández Castañeda, Director del HRACG; y al Dr. Alvaro Chen Chen, jefe del Servicio de Dermatología del HRACG., por brindar los permisos correspondientes para que los médicos participaran en el estudio.

  4. Lesiones craneofaciales producidas en hockey sobre patines

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Emiliano G, Pelaez; Pamela F, Dascenzi; Luís E, Savastano; Fabián E, Cremaschi.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Los principales objetivos son obtener registros estadísticos acerca de la incidencia, mecanismos, severidad y tipo más frecuente de lesiones cráneo faciales debido a la práctica de hockey sobre patines, para mostrar el grado de rudeza de este deporte, evaluando la necesidad de revisar las [...] reglas del juego y sugerir nuevas medidas de seguridad. Material y método. Presentamos las cifras estadísticas obtenidas de 119 partidos del Campeonato Mendocino (Argentina) jugado entre 2004 y 2005, con un seguimiento de 18 meses. Se utilizó un test standard . Resultados. Encontramos 85 lesiones en 54 partidos; el 59% fueron producidas en la primer mitad del juego, el 41% restante en el segundo tiempo; los forwards recibieron el 48% de las lesiones, los backs 44% y los arqueros 9%. Las estructuras afectadas fueron: cara (61%), región frontal, (15%), columna cervical (7%), región parietal (6%), región temporal (6%) y región occipital (5%). La mayoría involucra estructuras faciales donde: labios (37%), nariz (25%), órbita (21%) y mentón (11%). Las lesiones fueron debidas al palo (39%), el codo (24%), la pelota (21%), el patín (5%), la cabeza (4%), la pared (4%) y finalmente, el hombro (1%).Un 26% de los jugadores lastimados no pudieron seguir jugando; 26% de los lesionados necesitaron intervención médica en el campo de juego; 16% fueron trasladados al hospital (70% permanecieron en observación); 64% de las lesiones fueron contusión, 36% heridas cortantes (sutira quirúrgica 77% y química 33%); 3% de las lesiones estuvieron asociadas con pérdida de la conciencia; se registraron 8 fracturas. Conclusión. Estos datos epidemiológicos confirman la necesidad de revisar y reconsiderar las reglas del juego y su seguridad. Abstract in english Objectives: Research on this topic is carried out because no statistical records are available in order to conduct epidemiological studies. The main objectives are to obtain statistical records regarding the incidence, mechanisms, severity, and most frequent cranio-facial injuries due to the practic [...] e of roller hockey, to show the degree of roughness of this sport, assessing the need to revise the rules of the game, suggesting new safety precautions for this sport. Material and Method: The methodology is based on statistical figures obtained from 119 matches of the Mendoza (Argentina) Championship played between 2004 and 2005, with a follow up of 18 months. A standard test was used. Results: We found 85 injuries in 54 matches; 59% of the lesions were produced in the first half of the game, the 41% remaining in the second half; the forwards received 48% of the lesions, the back 44% and the goalkeepers 9%. The affected structures were: face (61%), frontal region (15%), cervical spine (7%), parietal region (6%), temporal region (6%) and occipital region (5%). Most involved facial structures were: lips (37%), nose (25%), eye socket (21%) and chin (11%). The injuries were due to the stick (39%), the elbow (24%), the ball (21%), the skate (5%), the head (4%), the wall (4%) and last the shoulder (1%). A 26% of injured players were not able to continue playing; 26% of injured players needed medical intervention on the game field; 16% were taken to a hospital (70% remained under observation); 64% of lesions were contusion, 36% were cutting wounds (surgical suture 77% and chemical suture 33%); 3% of lesions were associated with loss of consciousness; 8 fractures were registered. Conclusion: Epidemiological data confirm the need to revise and reconsider the rules of the game and their safety.

  5. Penile lesion from gunshot wound: a 43-case experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavalcanti Andre G.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the main aspects of diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of 43 patients with gunshot wounds to the penis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The location of the lesion, the presence of associated lesions, the performance of complementary exams, surgical treatment, postoperative complications and long term follow-up of 43 patients with penile lesions from gunshot wounds were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Of 43 cases assessed, 41 were submitted to surgical exploration (95.3% and 2 were submitted to conservative treatment (4.7%. We found penile lesions involving the corpus cavernosum in 37 cases; the remaining 4 patients presented no lesions involving the corpus cavernosum, urethra or testicles but did in the superficial structures. Ten cases presented an association with testicular lesions and 14 cases association with anterior urethral lesions. CONCLUSION: Penile lesions from gunshot wounds should be treated with immediate surgical intervention. In exceptional situations featuring superficial lesions only conservative treatment may be applied.

  6. Photoacoustic characterization of radiofrequency ablation lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, Richard; Dana, Nicholas; Di Biase, Luigi; Natale, Andrea; Emelianov, Stanislav

    2012-02-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) procedures are used to destroy abnormal electrical pathways in the heart that can cause cardiac arrhythmias. Current methods relying on fluoroscopy, echocardiography and electrical conduction mapping are unable to accurately assess ablation lesion size. In an effort to better visualize RFA lesions, photoacoustic (PA) and ultrasonic (US) imaging were utilized to obtain co-registered images of ablated porcine cardiac tissue. The left ventricular free wall of fresh (i.e., never frozen) porcine hearts was harvested within 24 hours of the animals' sacrifice. A THERMOCOOLR Ablation System (Biosense Webster, Inc.) operating at 40 W for 30-60 s was used to induce lesions through the endocardial and epicardial walls of the cardiac samples. Following lesion creation, the ablated tissue samples were placed in 25 °C saline to allow for multi-wavelength PA imaging. Samples were imaged with a VevoR 2100 ultrasound system (VisualSonics, Inc.) using a modified 20-MHz array that could provide laser irradiation to the sample from a pulsed tunable laser (Newport Corp.) to allow for co-registered photoacoustic-ultrasound (PAUS) imaging. PA imaging was conducted from 750-1064 nm, with a surface fluence of approximately 15 mJ/cm2 maintained during imaging. In this preliminary study with PA imaging, the ablated region could be well visualized on the surface of the sample, with contrasts of 6-10 dB achieved at 750 nm. Although imaging penetration depth is a concern, PA imaging shows promise in being able to reliably visualize RF ablation lesions.

  7. Oral lesions in patients with psychiatric disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaji? Ivanka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Oral diseases in psychiatric patients are usually a result of bad oral hygiene and psychopharmaceutical side-effects. Objective. The aim of this study was to detect oral lesions in patients hospitalized in psychiatric institutions with the confirmed diagnosis of psychiatric illness and mood disorder with psychotic characteristics, as well as to discover the factors that can influence these oral lesions. Methods. Cross-section study consisted of 186 hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders in the experimental group, out of whom 87 were males and 99 females. Patients were aged from 18 to 59 years, mean age 46.0±8.0 years. The control group consisted of 186 healthy persons matched for age and gender. Data on oral lesions were obtained within history and clinical examination of the oral cavity. Other medical data were collected from medical documentation. Statistical analysis was performed by Student’s t-test, chi-square test and logistic regression. Results. Dry mouth was registered in 78.5% of patients. The difference in tongue and lip lesions, burning and stinging symptoms, bruxism, facial pain, low saliva rates, halitosis, taste changes and swallowing difficulties between the patients and healthy persons was highly statistically significant (p<0.001. Age and gender, as well as the factors of main disease, influence burning and stinging, bruxism, low saliva rates, swallowing difficulties, taste changes and facial pain of the psychiatric patients. Conclusion. Results imply that psychiatric patients are more frequently involved with oral lesions than healthy persons. It is necessary to organize specific preventive and educational oral health programmes with these patients, as well as with doctors who treat the basic illness.

  8. Effect of Lesion Baseline Severity and Mineral Distribution on Remineralization and Progression of Human and Bovine Dentin Caries Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippert, Frank; Churchley, David; Lynch, Richard J

    2015-11-01

    The aims of this laboratory study were to compare the effects of lesion baseline severity, mineral distribution and substrate on remineralization and progression of caries lesions created in root dentin. Lesions were formed in dentin specimens prepared from human and bovine dentin using three protocols, each utilizing three demineralization periods to create lesions of different mineral distributions (subsurface, moderate softening, extreme softening) and severity within each lesion type. Lesions were then either remineralized or demineralized further and analyzed using transverse microradiography. At lesion baseline, no differences were found between human and bovine dentin for integrated mineral loss (x0394;Z). Differences in mineral distribution between lesion types were apparent. Human dentin lesions were more prone to secondary demineralization (x0394;x0394;Z) than bovine dentin lesions, although there were no differences in x0394;L. Likewise, smaller lesions were more susceptible to secondary demineralization than larger ones. Subsurface lesions were more acid-resistant than moderately and extremely softened lesions. After remineralization, differences between human and bovine dentin lesions were not apparent for x0394;x0394;Z although bovine dentin lesions showed greater reduction in lesion depth L. For lesion types, responsiveness to remineralization (x0394;x0394;Z) was in the order extremely softened > moderately softened > subsurface. More demineralized lesions exhibited greater remineralization than shallower ones. In summary, some differences exist between human and bovine dentin and their relative responsiveness to de- and remineralization. These differences, however, were overshadowed by the effects of lesion baseline mineral distribution and severity. Thus, bovine dentin appears to be a suitable substitute for human dentin in mechanistic root caries studies. PMID:26228732

  9. Management of large preiapical lesion with the combination of second generation platelet extract and hydroxyapatite bone graft: a report of three cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    E, Deenadayalan; Kumar, Ashok; Tewari, Rajendra Kumar; Mishra, Surendra Kumar; Iftekhar, Huma

    2015-01-01

    The pulp tissue necrosis and extensive periodontal diseases leads to the development of the inflammatory periapical lesion which causes a local response of bone around the apex of the tooth. Depends upon the nature of wound and available biological growth factors the outcome will be either regeneration or repair. Being a rich source of growth factors, platelet rich fibrin (PRF) posses many advantages in bone regeneration. The purpose of this case report is to present an attempt to evaluate the healing potential of the combination of PRF and Hydroxyapatite bone graft as opposed to using these materials alone. A periapical endodontic surgery was performed on three patients with a large periapical inflammatory lesion and a large bony defect. The defect was then filled with a combination of PRF and Hydroxyapatite bone graft crystals. Clinical examination exhibited uneventful wound healing. The HA crystals have been replaced by new bone radiographically at the end of two years in Case 1 and Case 2, Case 3 were followed upto one year. On the basis of our cases outcome, we conclude the use of PRF in combination with HA crystals might have accelerate the bone regeneration. PMID:25738094

  10. Perfil de severidad lesional del trauma esquelético maxilofacial / Lesion severity profile of the maxillofacial skeletal trauma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Manuel, Díaz Fernández; Anyi Lucía, Díaz Cardero.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional de 335 pacientes con lesiones esqueléticas maxilofaciales por diferentes causas, atendidos en el Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Provincial Docente Clinicoquirúrgico "Saturnino Lora Torres" de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero [...] de 2009 hasta diciembre de 2010, con vistas a caracterizarles según los calificadores anatómicos de severidad del trauma, en relación con el mecanismo lesional y el diagnóstico topográfico de estas. En la serie predominaron los pacientes con 3 o más lesiones esqueléticas (37,9 %), puras o combinadas con lesiones de tejido blando del componente bucofacial, así como las moderadas (60,0 %). En los polilesionados prevalecieron las lesiones severas sin peligro para la vida 16-24 puntos) y las severas con peligro para la vida (25-40 puntos). Por otra parte, el tercio medio facial resultó ser la región anatómica donde se localizaron con mayor frecuencia las lesiones severas sin peligro para la vida y con este; mientras que las lesiones individuales moderadas y leves primaron en esta misma región anatómica Abstract in english A descriptive, cross sectional and observational study of 335 patients with maxillofacial skeletal lesions due to different causes, assisted in the Maxillofacial Surgery Service from "Saturnino Lora Torres" Clinical Surgical Teaching Provincial Hospital in Santiago from Cuba was carried out from Jan [...] uary, 2009 to December, 2010, with the aim of characterizing them according to the anatomical qualifiers of trauma severity, in relation to the injury mechanism and the topographical diagnosis of them. In the series the patients with 3 or more skeletal injuries (37.9%), pure or combined with the soft tissue of the orofacial component, as well as moderate injuries (60.0%) prevailed. In the polyinjured patients, severe lesions prevailed without danger for life (16-24 points) and the severe ones with danger for the life (25-40 points). On the other hand, the middle facial third turned out to be the anatomical region where the severe lesions were more frequently located with and without danger for life; while the moderate and light individual lesions prevailed in this same anatomical region

  11. Tratamiento de las lesiones no palpables del seno Treatment of non palpable breast lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Torres

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Las lesiones mamarias ocultas o no palpables son clínicamente descubiertas como hallazgos incidentales durante una mamografía de tamizaje. Su localización prequirúrgica es indispensable. Este trabajo muestra la experiencia en la Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá con un nuevo método desarrollado inicialmente en Milán que consiste en la localización de lesiones mamarias no palpables mediante la inyección de una pequeña cantidad de tecnecio 99 lavado con albúmina coloidal, el cual es inoculado dentro de la lesión bajo guía estereotáxica o ecográfica. La correcta ubicación del inóculo se comprueba mediante una gammagrafía. Con el uso de una sonda que capta rayos gamma (neoprobe 2000 se localiza el sitio de la lesión y posteriormente se procede con la remoción quirúrgica de la misma. El uso de esta técnica facilita resecar de una manera rápida y precisa las lesiones mamarias no palpables, reduce el volumen de tejido mamario resecado, permite centrar mejor las lesiones y da libertad al cirujano para realizar incisiones con resultados finales más estéticos.Occult or nonpalpable breast lesions are discovered as incidental finding in screening mammography. Its preoperative localization is imperative. This paper reports the experience at the University Hospital of Fundación Santafe de Bogotá with a new method originally developed in Milan consisting in the localization of nonpalpable lesions by the injection of a small volume of technecium 99 labelled colloidal albumin into the lesions under stereotactic or echograpenic guidance. The correct localization of the innoculum is confirmed by gammagraphy. The site of the lession is determined using a gamma probe (Neoprobe 2000, and the surgical resection can them be carried out. The use of this technique facilitates the surgical resection of non palpable lesions, wich can be done with precision and accuracy, reducing the volumen of tissue that must be resected,and giving the surgeon the opportunity to perform the operation with better cosmetic results.

  12. Tratamiento de las lesiones no palpables del seno / Treatment of non palpable breast lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fabio, Torres; Javier, Romero; Gonzalo, Ucros; Luisa, Barrios.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Las lesiones mamarias ocultas o no palpables son clínicamente descubiertas como hallazgos incidentales durante una mamografía de tamizaje. Su localización prequirúrgica es indispensable. Este trabajo muestra la experiencia en la Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá con un nuevo método desarrollado inicialme [...] nte en Milán que consiste en la localización de lesiones mamarias no palpables mediante la inyección de una pequeña cantidad de tecnecio 99 lavado con albúmina coloidal, el cual es inoculado dentro de la lesión bajo guía estereotáxica o ecográfica. La correcta ubicación del inóculo se comprueba mediante una gammagrafía. Con el uso de una sonda que capta rayos gamma (neoprobe 2000) se localiza el sitio de la lesión y posteriormente se procede con la remoción quirúrgica de la misma. El uso de esta técnica facilita resecar de una manera rápida y precisa las lesiones mamarias no palpables, reduce el volumen de tejido mamario resecado, permite centrar mejor las lesiones y da libertad al cirujano para realizar incisiones con resultados finales más estéticos. Abstract in english Occult or nonpalpable breast lesions are discovered as incidental finding in screening mammography. Its preoperative localization is imperative. This paper reports the experience at the University Hospital of Fundación Santafe de Bogotá with a new method originally developed in Milan consisting in t [...] he localization of nonpalpable lesions by the injection of a small volume of technecium 99 labelled colloidal albumin into the lesions under stereotactic or echograpenic guidance. The correct localization of the innoculum is confirmed by gammagraphy. The site of the lession is determined using a gamma probe (Neoprobe 2000), and the surgical resection can them be carried out. The use of this technique facilitates the surgical resection of non palpable lesions, wich can be done with precision and accuracy, reducing the volumen of tissue that must be resected,and giving the surgeon the opportunity to perform the operation with better cosmetic results.

  13. Dynamic multislice helical CT of maxillomandibular lesions. Distinction of ameloblastomas from other cystic lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of dynamic multislice helical CT in differentiating ameloblastoma from other cystic lesions in cases of maxillomandibular cystic lesions. The study included 32 patients with maxillomandibular cystic lesions (ameloblastoma [n=6], myxofibroma [n=1], odontogenic keratocyst [n=3], dentigerous cyst [n=11], radicular cyst [n=11], and paradental cyst [n=2]). Dynamic study was performed before and 30 sec, and 90 sec after intravenous contrast medium administration. CT density values and percentage of density increase were calculated at 30 and 90 sec. In five cases of ameloblastoma, a rapidly enhancing area was detected within the cystic lesions at 30 sec, while no apparent rapid enhancement was seen in the other cystic lesions. Three cysts showed gradual enhancement in the marginal area at 90 sec. Comparing ameloblastoma and other kinds of cysts, we found significant differences in the percentage of density increase at 30 sec (p<0.01) and 90 sec (p<0.05). Dynamic multislice helical CT is useful in the diagnosis of cystic lesions of the maxillomandibular region, especially in the detection of neovascularities in ameloblastoma. (author)

  14. Dynamic multislice helical CT of maxillomandibular lesions. Distinction of ameloblastomas from other cystic lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tozaki, Mitsuhiro; Hayashi, Katsuhiko; Fukuda, Kunihiko [Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine

    2001-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of dynamic multislice helical CT in differentiating ameloblastoma from other cystic lesions in cases of maxillomandibular cystic lesions. The study included 32 patients with maxillomandibular cystic lesions (ameloblastoma [n=6], myxofibroma [n=1], odontogenic keratocyst [n=3], dentigerous cyst [n=11], radicular cyst [n=11], and paradental cyst [n=2]). Dynamic study was performed before and 30 sec, and 90 sec after intravenous contrast medium administration. CT density values and percentage of density increase were calculated at 30 and 90 sec. In five cases of ameloblastoma, a rapidly enhancing area was detected within the cystic lesions at 30 sec, while no apparent rapid enhancement was seen in the other cystic lesions. Three cysts showed gradual enhancement in the marginal area at 90 sec. Comparing ameloblastoma and other kinds of cysts, we found significant differences in the percentage of density increase at 30 sec (p<0.01) and 90 sec (p<0.05). Dynamic multislice helical CT is useful in the diagnosis of cystic lesions of the maxillomandibular region, especially in the detection of neovascularities in ameloblastoma. (author)

  15. Lesiones craneales secundarias a parto asistido con forceps / Cranial lesions due to forceps delivery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    F., Villarejo; J.M., Belinchón; F., Carceller; A., Gómez-Sierra; A., Pascual; F., Cordobés; C., Pérez-Díaz; B., Rivero.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Los partos asistidos con forceps o vacuum aumentan la incidencia de lesiones craneoencefálicas fetales, siendo la tendencia actual a realizar cesáreas en partos que se prevén difíciles. Presentamos una serie de tres casos de lesiones craneales secundarias a parto asistido con forceps, dos casos de f [...] racturas deprimidas y una fractura deprimida con hematoma epidural subyacente. El diagnóstico se realiza con la clínica y técnicas de imagen como TAC o IRM. El tratamiento es quirúrgico en la mayoría de casos, con elevación de la fractura y evacuación del hematoma. La forma correcta de aplicar los forceps resulta esencial para prevenir lesiones craneales fetales, especialmente en partos difíciles. Abstract in english Deliveries with forceps or vacuum-extraction increase the incidence of perinatal craneoencephalic lesions, for which reason cesarean sections are performed more frequently. We report 3 cases of cranial lesions due to forceps deliveries, 2 with depressed skull fractures and 1 with a depressed fractur [...] e and an associated epidural hematoma. Diagnosis is made on clinical and radiological founds with CT scan or MRI. Treatment is surgical and consists of elevation of the depressed fracture and evacuation of the hematoma. The correct use of forceps is very important to avoid this kind of lesions in the newborn, especially in cases of difficult delivery.

  16. Computer tomographic localization and lesion size in aphasia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using a microcomputer, the locus and extent of the lesions demonstrated on CT were superimposed on standardized matrices in 127 cases with various types of aphasia, to investigate the relationship between location of the lesions and types of aphasia. Main results were as follows. 1. Broca aphasics: The lesions involved rather large areas in the deep structures of the lower part of the precentral gyrus, the insula and the lenticular nucleus. Therefore, the finding was regarded as being of little localizing value. 2. Wernicke aphasics: At least 70 % of the patients had superior temporal lesions involving Wernicke's area and the subcortical lesions of the superior and middle temporal gyri. The site of the lesion corresponded roughly with that in the previous clinico-pathological reports but was indicated in a little deeper area. 3. Amnestic aphasics: The size of the lesion was smaller than any other type but the lesions were distributed throughout the left hemisphere. Amnestic asphasia was thought to be the least localizable. 4. Conduction aphasics: Most patients had lesions in the posterior speech area involving part of Wernicke's area. In particular, in more than 80 % of the conduction aphasics the lesions were revealed in the supramarginal gyrus and it's adjacent deep structures. 5. Global aphasics: In general, the size of the lesion was very large and 70 % of the global aphasics had extensive lesions involving both Broca's and Wernicke's areas. However, there were some patients showing small and confined lesions. (author)

  17. Imaging of the adrenal gland lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Herr

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available With the steep increase in the use of cross-sectional imaging in recent years, the incidentally detected adrenal lesion, or "incidentaloma", has become an increasingly common diagnostic problem for the radiologist, and a need for an approach to classifying these lesions as benign, malignant or indeterminate with imaging has spurred an explosion of research. While most incidentalomas represent benign disease, typically an adenoma, the possibility of malignant involvement of the adrenal gland necessitates a reliance on imaging to inform management decisions. In this article, we review the literature on adrenal gland imaging, with particular emphasis on computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and photon-emission tomography, and discuss how these findings relate to clinical practice. Emerging technologies, such as contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, dual-energy computed tomography, and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging will also be briefly addressed.

  18. Proteome Profiling of Human Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Lesion

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva Santos, Claire; Attarha, Sanaz; Saini, Ravi Kanth; Boaventura, Viviane; Costa, Jackson; Khouri, Ricardo; Barral-Netto, Manoel; Brodskyn, Cláudia Ida; Souchelnytskyi, Serhiy

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we used proteomics and biological network analysis to evaluate the potential biological processes and components present in the identified proteins of biopsies from cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) patients infected by Leishmania braziliensis in comparison with normal skin. We identified 59 proteins differently expressed in samples from infected and normal skin. Biological network analysis employing identified proteins showed the presence of networks that may be involved in the cell death mediated by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. After immunohistochemical analyses, the expression of caspase-9, caspase-3, and granzyme B was validated in the tissue and positively correlated with the lesion size in CL patients. In conclusion, this work identified differentially expressed proteins in the inflammatory site of CL, revealed enhanced expression of caspase-9, and highlighted mechanisms associated with the progression of tissue damage observed in lesions. PMID:25207817

  19. Imaging diagnosis in various renal sinus lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Yeo Dong; Byun, Jae Young; Jee, Won Hee; Hwang, Tae Gon; Park, Sok Hee; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung Hyup [Seoul National Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Myeong Jin [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-09-01

    The renal sinus extends from the perinephric space into the deep recess situatede on the tuated on the medial border of the kidney. Contained within the space are the pelvocalyceal system, fat and lymph nodes. Arteries, veins, lymphatic channels and nerves of the autonomic nervous system traverse the sinus, and various pathological conditions may occur in this area. These various sinusal lesions may present a similar imaging appearance, and diagnostic errors may frequently occur, especially if diagnosis is attempted without first clearly understanding the several possibilities. This pictorial essay demonstrates various renal sinus lesions and emphasizes the proper combination of multimodal imaging. For evaluation of the extent of the lesious, CT is the preferred imaging modality, since this best depicts the anatomy of the renal sinus. Using a proper combination of multimodal imaging, specific diagnosis was in most cases possible.=20.

  20. Lesion Border Detection in Dermoscopy Images

    CERN Document Server

    Celebi, M Emre; Schaefer, Gerald; Stoecker, William V; 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2008.11.002

    2010-01-01

    Background: Dermoscopy is one of the major imaging modalities used in the diagnosis of melanoma and other pigmented skin lesions. Due to the difficulty and subjectivity of human interpretation, computerized analysis of dermoscopy images has become an important research area. One of the most important steps in dermoscopy image analysis is the automated detection of lesion borders. Methods: In this article, we present a systematic overview of the recent border detection methods in the literature paying particular attention to computational issues and evaluation aspects. Conclusion: Common problems with the existing approaches include the acquisition, size, and diagnostic distribution of the test image set, the evaluation of the results, and the inadequate description of the employed methods. Border determination by dermatologists appears to depend upon higher-level knowledge, therefore it is likely that the incorporation of domain knowledge in automated methods will enable them to perform better, especially in ...

  1. Imaging of the adrenal gland lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herr, Keith [Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Muglia, Valdair F. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (FMRP/USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Koff, Walter Jose [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Cirurgia; Westphalen, Antonio Carlos, E-mail: antonio.westphalen@ucsf.edu [Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging and Urology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2014-07-15

    With the steep increase in the use of cross-sectional imaging in recent years, the incidentally detected adrenal lesion, or 'incidentaloma', has become an increasingly common diagnostic problem for the radiologist, and a need for an approach to classifying these lesions as benign, malignant or indeterminate with imaging has spurred an explosion of research. While most incidentalomas represent benign disease, typically an adenoma, the possibility of m alignant involvement of the adrenal gland necessitates a reliance on imaging to inform management decisions. In this article, we review the literature on adrenal gland imaging, with particular emphasis on computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and photon-emission tomography, and discuss how these findings relate to clinical practice. Emerging technologies, such as contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, dual-energy computed tomography, and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging will also be briefly addressed. (author)

  2. Neurosonography of cranial lesions in infants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since early 1980's, high resolution ultrasound has been world-widely used for detection of cranial lesions in infants but not widely used in Korea. Authors prospectively analysed ultrasonographic findings of 107 cases which were confirmed by CT, autopsy or follow-up studies as supplement. The distribution of 107 cases was intracranial hematoma 40 cases, hydrocephalus 36 cases, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy 10 cases, porencephalic cyst 5 cases, cephalhematoma 5 case, agenesis of corpus callosum 4 cases, medulloblastoma 2 cases and each one case of A-V malformation, intraventricular cyst, Dandy Walker cyst, lipoma and hydranencephaly. We could conclude that neurosonography of infants was very useful and effective method in detection of cranial lesions such as intracranial hematoma, especially germinal matrix hemorrhage or intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infant, hydrocephalus, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and congenital anomalies.

  3. Lesion-specific laser catheters for angioplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy-Chutorian, Douglas

    1992-08-01

    Since no one laser catheter can treat all types of disease, a new family of `lesion-specific' devices was evaluated with a holmium laser source. Three-hundred-thirty-one patients (avg. 60 years) with symptomatic coronary disease were studied. Average lesion length was 1.2 cm. A 1.4, 1.5, 1.7, or 2.0 mm, tapered-tip or non-tapered, multifiber catheter (Eclipse, Palo Alto, Calif.) was advanced over the wire while emitting 250 - 600 mj/pulse at 5 Hz. Mean percent stenosis decreased from 89% to 57% after lasing with a mean of 140 pulses. Complications were infrequent. Overall procedural success was 95%. The conclusion is that specialized laser catheters delivering holmium laser energy are capable of reducing the severity of coronary stenoses including balloon angioplasty failures and bypass graft failures. Follow up studies are in progress to assess long term efficacy.

  4. Recurrent pyogenic granuloma with a satellite lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rana, Ritu; Ramachandra, Srinivas S; Prasad, Umesh C; Aggarwal, Pankaj; Dayakara, Jithendra K

    2015-08-01

    Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a tumorlike growth of the oral mucosa or skin that is considered to be an exaggerated conditioned response to minor trauma. It usually is painless, bleeds easily, and is considered to be nonneoplastic in nature. Pyogenic granuloma predominantly occurs in the second decade of life, mostly among young adult females. Clinically, it is a smooth or lobulated exophytic lesion manifesting as small, red, erythematous papules on a pedunculated or sometimes sessile base that usually is hemorrhagic. We report the case of 30-year-old woman who presented with a PG in the anterior palatal region during pregnancy that recurred with a satellite lesion 1 year following surgical excision. PMID:26367761

  5. Diverse Imaging characteristics of a mandibular intraosseous vascular lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intraosseous vascular lesions of the maxillofacial region are rare, and the differential diagnosis of intraosseous vascular malformations from other jaw lesions can be challenging. In the present case, magnetic resonance imaging and three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was used for diagnosis, and the lesion was treated with surgical excision. Diverse characteristics such as the 'honeycomb' and 'sunburst' radiographic appearances and the absence of major peripheral feeder vessels in the CTA were noted. Intraosseous vascular malformations have a varied radiographic appearance, and the nomenclature of these lesions is equally diverse, with several overlapping terms. Pathologists do not generally differentiate among intraosseous vascular lesions on the basis of histopathology, although these lesions may present with contrasting immunohistochemical and clinical behaviors requiring varied treatment strategies. This case report highlights the need for multiple imaging modalities to differentiate among vascular lesions, as well as to better understand the behaviors of these unique lesions.

  6. Diverse Imaging characteristics of a mandibular intraosseous vascular lesion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Handa, Hina; Naidu, Giridhar S.; Dara, Balaji Gandhi Babu; Deshpande, Ashwini; Raghavendra, Raju [Peoples Dental Academy, Bhopal (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    Intraosseous vascular lesions of the maxillofacial region are rare, and the differential diagnosis of intraosseous vascular malformations from other jaw lesions can be challenging. In the present case, magnetic resonance imaging and three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was used for diagnosis, and the lesion was treated with surgical excision. Diverse characteristics such as the 'honeycomb' and 'sunburst' radiographic appearances and the absence of major peripheral feeder vessels in the CTA were noted. Intraosseous vascular malformations have a varied radiographic appearance, and the nomenclature of these lesions is equally diverse, with several overlapping terms. Pathologists do not generally differentiate among intraosseous vascular lesions on the basis of histopathology, although these lesions may present with contrasting immunohistochemical and clinical behaviors requiring varied treatment strategies. This case report highlights the need for multiple imaging modalities to differentiate among vascular lesions, as well as to better understand the behaviors of these unique lesions.

  7. Benign Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions of the Vulva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Debra S

    2015-09-01

    A variety of mass lesions may affect the vulva. These may be non-neoplastic, or represent benign or malignant neoplasms. A review of benign mass lesions and neoplasms of the vulva is presented. PMID:26125957

  8. Hyperdense lesions in CT of cerebral toxoplasmosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of cerebral toxoplasmosis in a patient with stage IV C1 AIDS who presented hyperdense CT images 13 days after beginning antitoxoplasma treatment. These lesions could be caused by calcifications or blood. The attenuation values lead us to believe that they are calcium. Intracranial calcification in adult cerebral toxoplasmosis is an uncommon finding. Its presence in AIDS patients should not suggest any etiology other than toxoplasmosis. (Author) 16 refs

  9. Visual attention capacity after right hemisphere lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Habekost, Thomas; Rostrup, Egill

    2007-01-01

    Recently there has been a growing interest in visual short-term memory (VSTM) including the neural basis of the function. Processing speed, another main aspect of visual attention capacity, has received less investigation. For both cognitive functions human lesion studies are sparse. We used a whole report experiment for estimation of these two parameters in 22 patients with right side stroke. Psychophysical performance was analyzed using Bundesen's [Bundesen, C. (1990). A theory of visual atten...

  10. Acute lesions that impair affective empathy

    OpenAIRE

    Leigh, Richard; Oishi, Kenichi; Hsu, John; Lindquist, Martin; Gottesman, Rebecca F; Jarso, Samson; Crainiceanu, Ciprian; Mori, Susumu; Hillis, Argye E

    2013-01-01

    Functional imaging studies of healthy participants and previous lesion studies have provided evidence that empathy involves dissociable cognitive functions that rely on at least partially distinct neural networks that can be individually impaired by brain damage. These studies converge in support of the proposal that affective empathy—making inferences about how another person feels—engages at least the following areas: prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal gyrus, anterior insula, anterior cingula...

  11. Multispectral recordings and analysis of psoriasis lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmensen, Line Katrine Harder; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær

    2006-01-01

    An objective method to evaluate the severeness of psoriasis lesions is proposed. In order to obtain objectivity multi-spectral imaging is used. The multi-spectral images give rise to a large p, small n problem which is solved by use of elastic net model selection. The method is promising for further studies of larger data sets including more patients than the four regarded here.

  12. Lesiones tumorales múltiples en un paciente adolescente

    OpenAIRE

    Beatriz Di Martino Ortiz; Oilda Knopfelmacher; Américo Sacco

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: El xantogranuloma juvenil (XGJ) es una histiocitosis de células no Langerhans, benigna, autocurativa, que afecta con mayor frecuencia a lactantes y niños, que se caracteriza por pápulas amarillentas asintomáticas y/o nódulos situados en la piel y otros órganos y que consisten en un infiltrado de macrófagos con un variable grado de lipidización en ausencia de un trastorno metabólico. Presentamos el caso de un varón, adolescente, de 14 años de edad, con múltiples lesiones tumorale...

  13. Lesion mapping of social problem solving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbey, Aron K; Colom, Roberto; Paul, Erick J; Chau, Aileen; Solomon, Jeffrey; Grafman, Jordan H

    2014-10-01

    Accumulating neuroscience evidence indicates that human intelligence is supported by a distributed network of frontal and parietal regions that enable complex, goal-directed behaviour. However, the contributions of this network to social aspects of intellectual function remain to be well characterized. Here, we report a human lesion study (n = 144) that investigates the neural bases of social problem solving (measured by the Everyday Problem Solving Inventory) and examine the degree to which individual differences in performance are predicted by a broad spectrum of psychological variables, including psychometric intelligence (measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale), emotional intelligence (measured by the Mayer, Salovey, Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test), and personality traits (measured by the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory). Scores for each variable were obtained, followed by voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that working memory, processing speed, and emotional intelligence predict individual differences in everyday problem solving. A targeted analysis of specific everyday problem solving domains (involving friends, home management, consumerism, work, information management, and family) revealed psychological variables that selectively contribute to each. Lesion mapping results indicated that social problem solving, psychometric intelligence, and emotional intelligence are supported by a shared network of frontal, temporal, and parietal regions, including white matter association tracts that bind these areas into a coordinated system. The results support an integrative framework for understanding social intelligence and make specific recommendations for the application of the Everyday Problem Solving Inventory to the study of social problem solving in health and disease. PMID:25070511

  14. Glutamate receptor expression in multiple sclerosis lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newcombe, Jia; Uddin, Alim; Dove, Rosamund; Patel, Bela; Turski, Lechoslaw; Nishizawa, Yukio; Smith, Terence

    2008-01-01

    Blockade of receptors for the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate ameliorates neurological clinical signs in models of the CNS inflammatory demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis (MS). To investigate whether glutamate excitoxicity may play a role in MS pathogenesis, the cellular localization of glutamate and its receptors, transporters and enzymes was examined. Expression of glutamate receptor (GluR) 1, a Ca(++)-permeable ionotropic AMPA receptor subunit, was up-regulated on oligodendrocytes in active MS lesion borders, but Ca(++)-impermeable AMPA GluR2 subunit levels were not increased. Reactive astrocytes in active plaques expressed AMPA GluR3 and metabotropic mGluR1, 2/3 and 5 receptors and the GLT-1 transporter, and a subpopulation was immunostained with glutamate antibodies. Activated microglia and macrophages were immunopositive for GluR2, GluR4 and NMDA receptor subunit 1. Kainate receptor GluR5-7 immunostaining showed endothelial cells and dystrophic axons. Astrocyte and macrophage populations expressed glutamate metabolizing enzymes and unexpectedly the EAAC1 transporter, which may play a role in glutamate uptake in lesions. Thus, reactive astrocytes in MS white matter lesions are equipped for a protective role in sequestering and metabolizing extracellular glutamate. However, they may be unable to maintain glutamate at levels low enough to protect oligodendrocytes rendered vulnerable to excitotoxic damage because of GluR1 up-regulation. PMID:17924980

  15. Intracranial lesions in dogs with hemangiosarcoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A retrospective analysis of 85 dogs with hemangiosarcoma (HSA) that underwent complete necropsy, including gross examination of the brain, was conducted. Grossly identifiable intracranial lesions were present in 17 dogs. Twelve of 85 dogs (14.2%) had brain metastases. Four of 85 dogs (4.7%) had hemorrhagic lesions and/or ischemic necrosis without identifiable tumor. One dog had a primary central nervous system tumor. Signs of intracranial disease were present in six of 85 dogs (7.1%) with HSA; four had brain metastases and two had nonneoplastic lesions. Metastases had a propensity for cerebrum and gray matter. Dogs with brain metastases had more widely disseminated disease than dogs without brain metastases (P less than 0.001). Dogs with pulmonary metastases were at greater risk for developing brain metastases than dogs without pulmonary metastases (odds ratio = 8.31). Although thoracic radiography accurately identified ten of 12 dogs (83%) with pulmonary metastases, too few cases were available to assess the applicability/accuracy of thoracic radiography in predicting the presence or absence of brain metastases in dogs with malignancy and signs of intracranial disease

  16. Human papillomavirus type 18 and intraepithelial lesions of the cervix.

    OpenAIRE

    McLachlin, C. M.; Tate, J E; Zitz, J. C.; Sheets, E. E.; Crum, C. P.

    1994-01-01

    The conventional perception of HPV type 18 is that it is associated principally with invasive cancer of the cervix. However, in precursor lesions it is frequently identified in lesions of lower grade morphology, in contrast to the typical high grade lesions associated with HPV 16. To better characterize this uncommon relationship of low grade morphology and high risk virus, we studied four low grade and two high grade intraepithelial lesions of the cervix which were shown to contain HPV 18 by...

  17. Morel-Lavallee lesion in the knee: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitrez, Eduardo Hennemann, E-mail: epitrez@terra.com.b [Clinica Radiologica Osorio Lopes, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Pellanda, Roberto Campos; Silva, Mariana Eltz; Holz, Gustavo Garcia; Hertz, Felipe Teixeira [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Hospital Sao Lucas; Hoefel Filho, Joao Rubiao [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Center of Imaging Diagnosis

    2010-09-15

    Morel-Lavallee lesion is a degloving injury of the interface between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia. This lesion is characterized by the development of a fluid collection that, although originally described in the thigh, it has also been described in other anatomical sites. The authors report the case of a patient with Morel-Lavallee lesion in the knee after trauma and describe the main characteristics of the lesion. (author)

  18. Automated measurement of local white matter lesion volume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Lijn, F.; Verhaaren, B.F.J.; Ikram, M.A.; Klein, S.; de Bruijne, Marleen; Vrooman, H.A.; Vernooij, M.W.; Hammers, A.; Rueckert, D.; van der Lugt, A.; Breteler, M.M.B.; Niessen, W.J.

    2012-01-01

    It has been hypothesized that white matter lesions at different locations may have different etiology and clinical consequences. Several approaches for the quantification of local white matter lesion load have been proposed in the literature, most of which rely on a distinction between lesions in a periventricular region close to the ventricles and a subcortical zone further away. In this work we present a novel automated method for local white matter lesion volume quantification in magnetic res...

  19. Improvement in Lesion Detection with Whole – Body Oncologic TOF - PET

    OpenAIRE

    El Fakhri, Georges; Surti, Suleman; Trott, Cathryn M.; Scheuermann, Joshua; KARP, JOEL S.

    2011-01-01

    Time of Flight (TOF) PET has great potential in whole-body oncological applications and recent work has demonstrated qualitatively in patient studies the improvement that can be achieved in lesion visibility. The aim of this work was to objectively quantify the improvement in lesion detectability that can be achieved in pulmonary and hepatic lesions with whole body FDG TOF-PET in a cohort of 100 patients as a function of patient body mass index (BMI), lesion location and contrast, and scannin...

  20. Sealing occlusal caries lesions in adults referred for restorative treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakhshandeh, Azam; Qvist, Vibeke; Ekstrand, Kim R

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the possibility to arrest occlusal caries lesions in adults by sealant as well as to assess the presence of radiographic progression, arrest, and regression of the sealed lesions. Seventy-two occlusal caries lesions in 52 adult patients referred to restorative treatment by senior lecturers at School of Dentistry, Copenhagen, Denmark were included. In case the patient had more than one occlusal caries lesion, randomization between sealing and restoration was ma...

  1. Imaging of Soft Tissue Lesions of the Foot and Ankle

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Hassan Mostafavi

    2010-01-01

    Differential diagnosis of soft tissue lesions of the foot may be narrowed with imaging. The cystic nature of ganglia, synovial cysts, and bursitis can be confirmed with MR imaging or sonography. Location and signal characteristics of noncystic lesions may suggest Morton's neuroma, giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath and plantar fibromatosis. Synovial-based lesions of the foot and ankle can be differentiated based on presence or absence of mineralization, lesion density, signal intensit...

  2. DW-MRI of liver lesions: Can a single ADC-value represent the entire lesion?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate whether focal liver lesions (FLLs) exhibit a homogeneous appearance on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps and whether there is inter-section variation in the calculated ADC values of FLLs (inter-section range). Materials and methods: Eighty-eight patients with 128 FLLs (70 benign, 58 malignant) who underwent abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including diffusion-weighted (DW)-MRI were included. Two observers evaluated variation of signal intensity of each FLL within each ADC map image (intra-section) and among different ADC map images through the lesion (inter-section). ADC values of each FLL and neighbouring liver parenchyma were measured on all sections. The inter-section range of FLLs was compared with the neighbouring liver parenchyma. Results: Intra-section inhomogeneity was noted in 39.8% (97/244 sections) and 38.9% (95/244) of benign lesions, and 61% (114/187 sections) and 61.5% (115/187) of malignant lesions, by observer 1 and observer 2, respectively. Inter-section inhomogeneity was noted in 25.7% (18/70) and 27.1% (19/70) of benign lesions, and 51.7% (30/58) and 50% (29/58) of malignant lesions, by observer 1 and observer 2, respectively. The inter-section range for both benign (0.28 × 10?3 mm²/s) and malignant (0.25 × 10?3 mm²/s) FLLs were significantly greater than that of liver parenchyma surrounding benign (0.16 × 10?3 mm²/s, p < 0.001) and malignant (0.14 × 10?3 mm²/s, p = 0.01) FLLs. Conclusion: Due to intra-/inter-section variations in ADC values of benign and malignant FLLs, a single ADC value may not reliably represent the entire lesion

  3. Sonographic Findings of Morel-Lavalle'e Lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Yu Jin; Yang, Ik; Lee, Yul; Woo, Ji Young; Hong, Hye Suk; Jung, Ah Young; Jeh, Su Kyung [Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-09-15

    We reviewed the sonographic features of Morel-Lavalle'e lesions by correlating the US image findings with a lesion's age. We obtained the sonography reports of 20 Morel-Lavalle'e lesions of the hip and extremities from 18 patients with a history of trauma. The US images were reviewed to characterize the echogenicity, shape, homogeneity, margins, location and size of the lesions. The results were correlated with the age of the lesions and the clinical histories. All the Morel-Lavalle'e lesions were hypoechoic or anechoic fluid collections located between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia. Regarding the shape of the fluid collections, the lobular shaped lesions were all less than 21 days for the lesion's age, and the flat fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. Regarding the homogeneity, the heterogeneous fluid collections were all less than 25 days of age, and the homogeneous fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. A Morel-Lavalle'e lesion is seen as a posttraumatic fluid collection in the potential space between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia on an ultrasound examination. Acute Morel-Lavalle'e lesions tended to be heterogeneous and lobular, and they became more homogeneous and flat in shape as the lesions evolved. Awareness of these imaging findings will help us to properly diagnose Morel- Lavalle'e lesions

  4. Sonographic Findings of Morel-Lavalle'e Lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the sonographic features of Morel-Lavalle'e lesions by correlating the US image findings with a lesion's age. We obtained the sonography reports of 20 Morel-Lavalle'e lesions of the hip and extremities from 18 patients with a history of trauma. The US images were reviewed to characterize the echogenicity, shape, homogeneity, margins, location and size of the lesions. The results were correlated with the age of the lesions and the clinical histories. All the Morel-Lavalle'e lesions were hypoechoic or anechoic fluid collections located between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia. Regarding the shape of the fluid collections, the lobular shaped lesions were all less than 21 days for the lesion's age, and the flat fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. Regarding the homogeneity, the heterogeneous fluid collections were all less than 25 days of age, and the homogeneous fluid collections were all greater than 1 month of age. A Morel-Lavalle'e lesion is seen as a posttraumatic fluid collection in the potential space between the subcutaneous fat and the underlying fascia on an ultrasound examination. Acute Morel-Lavalle'e lesions tended to be heterogeneous and lobular, and they became more homogeneous and flat in shape as the lesions evolved. Awareness of these imaging findings will help us to properly diagnose Morel- Lavalle'e lesions

  5. Lacrimal ducts lesions: evaluation by computerized tomography and ultrasonography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-eight cases in patients with facial lesions were studied by ultrasonography, computerized tomography and scintiscanning techniques. A diagnostic investigation must be done by computerized tomography to diagnose the lesion. A complementary ultrasonography show the details of the lesion. The simple radiography of skull and orbits is not necessary. (L.M.J.)

  6. Herpes Zoster with disseminated lesions. What is it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, S; Gupta, S; Thomas, M; Mahendra, A; Jindal, N; Bhaskar, G; Aggarwal, M

    2013-03-15

    Herpes Zoster (HZ) is a Cutaneous Viral infection caused by Varicella zoster virus (VZV). Lesions of HZ are usually limited to one dermatome only but sometimes, there can be dissemination of lesions. The present case describes the role of proper examination of HZ case, which presents with disseminated lesions. PMID:23599827

  7. Skin lesions in renal transplant recipients: A single center analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Leni

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The chronic use of immunosuppressants in renal transplant recipients (RTRs predisposes them to a variety of skin manifestations. Studies on skin lesions in RTRs from India have been limited. Aim: To study the prevalence and clinical spectrum of skin diseases in RTR in patients attending the Nephrology clinic of a tertiary care hospital in South India. Methods: Between October 2002 and June 2003, 365 RTRs were evaluated for skin lesions, including 280 examined after renal transplant (group A and 85 examined once before and then monthly after transplant for a period of 6 months (group B. Results: A total of 1163 skin lesions were examined in 346 RTRs (94.7% including lesions of aesthetic interest (LAI [62.3%] followed by infections [27.3%]. All LAI were drug-related manifestations, making it the most common skin lesion, while fungal (58.7% and viral (29.3% infections constituted majority of lesions caused by infection. Lesions related to neoplasms were relatively uncommon (2.1% and all lesions were benign. Miscellaneous lesions constituted 8.3% of skin lesions, which included vaccine-induced necrobiotic granulomas at the site of Hepatitis B vaccination and acquired perforating dermatoses. Conclusion: Skin lesions among RTRs from India consist predominantly of drug-related LAI and infections and are different from the West in view of the paucity of neoplastic lesions.

  8. Multidetector computed tomography of jaw lesions in children and adolescents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Jaw lesions in paediatric and adolescent population are uncommon and can arise in odontogenic or non-odontogenic tissues. With the advent of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), algorithm for imaging jaw lesions has changed dramatically. This pictorial essay describes the imaging appearance of commonly encountered jaw lesions in children and adolescents with emphasis on MDCT findings

  9. Cerebral white matter lesions and depressive symptoms in elderly adults

    OpenAIRE

    de Groot, J. C.; Leeuw, H.F. de; Oudkerk, M.; Jolles, J.; Breteler, M.M.B.; Hofman, A.

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is evidence for a vascular cause of late-life depression. Cerebral white matter lesions are thought to represent vascular abnormalities. White matter lesions have been related to affective disorders and a history of late-onset depression in psychiatric patients. Their relation with mood disturbances in the general population is not known. We investigated the relation between white matter lesions an...

  10. Presentation and management of parasellar and suprasellar metastatic mass lesions.

    OpenAIRE

    Kattah, J.C.; Silgals, R M; Manz, H; Toro, J G; Dritschilo, A; Smith, F P

    1985-01-01

    Ten patients with parasellar metastatic lesions presented with insidious painful or painless ophthalmoplegia. Visual loss secondary to a chiasmal syndrome was identified in three of them. A mass lesion was demonstrated by CT scan with precise outlining of the location and size of the lesion. Symptomatic relief was achieved with local radiotherapy in those patients who had early diagnosis.

  11. The concentration of tumor necrosis factor alpha in periapical lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popovi? Jelena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The balance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic periapical lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of TNF-? in tissue homogenates of periapical lesions and analyze its levels in relation to the symptomatology and the size of lesions. Materials and Methods. 93 samples of chronic periapical lesions were obtained after extraction of teeth. Samples were classified according to the clinical presentation as symptomatic and asymptomatic, and according to the size as large and small. The concentration of TNF-? was analyzed using ELISA. Results. The results showed increased production of TNF-? in symptomatic lesions compared to asymptomatic. Higher concentration of TNF-? was demonstrated in large lesions compared to small. Large symptomatic lesions showed greater concentration of TNF-? compared to small symptomatic lesions, while bigger asymptomatic lesions demonstrated higher amount of the cytokines compared to small asymptomatic lesions. Conclusion. Higher concentration of TNF-? in large symptomatic lesions indicates that TNF-? is an important factor responsible for the progression of lesions.

  12. Morphometry and Variations of Bony Ponticles of the Atlas Vertebrae (C1 in Kenyans Morfometría y Variaciones de Puentes Óseos de la Vértebra Atlas (C1 en Kenianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Karau Bundi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Atlas bridges, the bony outgrowths over the third segment of the vertebral artery are associated with compression of the artery and nerves. There are limited studies comparing morphometry of the complete atlas bridges and that of the ipsilateral transverse foramen. Bilateral and gender differences in the morphometry of the complete bridges remain relatively unexplored. One hundred and two atlas vertebrae (49 male and 53 female obtained from the Osteology Department of the National Museums of Kenya were used for this study. The presence of complete posterior atlas bridge (retroarticular canal and lateral bridge (supratransverse foramen was noted. Measurements were taken for the diameters of foramina, and the ipsilateral transverse foramina and their areas calculated. Complete posterior bridges occurred in 14.6% and 13.6% on the right and left sides respectively. The lateral bridge was found in 3.9% of the cases on the right side only. The complete posterior bridges had a cross-sectional area of 23.44mm2 on the right and 24.98mm2 on the left side. The lateral bridges had a mean cross-sectional area of 27.30mm2. The right and left transverse foramina had mean crosssectional area of 36.30mm2 and 37.20mm2 respectively, which was significantly larger than that of the ipsilateral complete and posterior bridges. The smaller dimensions of the complete atlas bridges compared to the ipsilateral transverse foramen suggest that they may predispose to vertebrobasilar insufficiency, Barre-Lieou and cervicogenic syndromes due to compression of the contents in the foramina.Puentes del atlas, sobrecrecimientos óseos en el tercer segmento de la arteria vertebral se asocian con la compresión de la arteria y los nervios. Hay pocos estudios que comparan la morfometría de los puentes completos del atlas y el foramen transversal ipsilateral. Diferencias bilaterales y de género en la morfometría de los puentes completos permanecen relativamente inexplorados. Ciento dos vértebras atlas (49 hombres y 53 mujeres obtenidos del Departamento de Osteología de los Museos Nacionales de Kenya se utilizaron para este estudio. Fueron identificados la presencia de puentes completos posteriores del atlas (canal retroarticular y puentes laterales (foramen supratransverso. Se realizaron las mediciones de los diámetros del foramen y los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales, y se calcularon sus áreas. Puentes completos posteriores se observaron en el 14,6% y 13,6% de los lados derecho e izquierdo, respectivamente. El puente lateral se encontró en el 3,9% de los casos en el lado derecho solamente. Los puentes completos posteriores tuvieron un área transversal de 23,44mm2 en el lado derecho y 24,98mm2 en el lado izquierdo. Los puentes laterales tuvieron un área media de sección transversal de 27,30mm2. En los lados derecho e izquierdo se encontrron forámenes transversos con un área promedio de sección transversal de 36,30mm2 y 37,20mm2 respectivamente, lo que fue significativamente mayor que el de los puentes completos ipsilaterales y posteriores. Las dimensiones más pequeñas de los puentes atlas completos en comparación con los forámenes transversos ipsilaterales sugieren que pueden predisponer a la insuficiencia vertebrobasilar, síndromes de Barre-Lieou y cervical debido a la compresión de los contenidos en los forámenes.

  13. Clinical evaluation of stereoscopic DSA for vascular lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seventy-one series of stereoscopic DSA utilized on thirty-nine patients with intracranial vascular lesions were evaluated by comparison with subtracted magnified angiograms or independently. All stereoscopic series had good or fairly good stereoscopic quality. Stereoscopic DSA was useful in the preoperative stereoscopic vascular analysis of vascular lesions such as aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, cartotid-cavernous fistulas, obstructive or stenotic vascular lesions and vascular elongations. Stereoscopic DSA was also useful for evaluation of the post-operative or post-embolization states of these vascular lesions. We think that stereoscopic DSA can replace many areas of conventional angiography for vascular lesions in the near future. (author)

  14. Extensión del límite austral de distribución de tres especies de peces óseos tropicales en la costa de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina Southern extension of three species of tropical bony fishes along the coast of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés C Milessi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan tres nuevos registros de especies de peces óseos cuya distribución corresponde a aguas tropicales, capturados por buques pesqueros en la costa de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina (CPBA, 36°-38°S. Los ejemplares corresponden a las especies: Rachycentrum canadum, Elops saurus y Caulolatilus chrysops. Estos registros amplían significativamente el límite austral de su distribución. La presencia ocasional de estas especies está asociada al transporte de agua subtropical cálida proveniente de la plataforma continental brasilera. Esta hipótesis es probada mediante el análisis de imágenes satelitales de temperatura superficial del mar.We document the southern records of three species of tropical bony fishes along the coast of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina (CBAP, 36-38°S. Rachycentrum canadum, Elops saurus and Caulolatilus chrysops were caught by bottom-trawl commercial vessels. Records presented here significantly extend southward their latitudinal distribution from those previously reported. Using sea surface temperature satellite images we show a southward warm circulation event from Brazil as a putative factor to explain the occurrence of these bony fishes in the CBAP.

  15. Bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal joints in early rheumatoid arthritis. Comparison of MRI and high-resolution SPECT; Knoecherne Pathologien der Metacarpophalangeal-Gelenke bei frueher rheumatoider Arthritis. Vergleich zwischen MRT und hochaufloesender SPECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scherer, Axel; Blondin, D.; Reichelt, D.; Moedder, U. [Radiologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Wirrwar, A.; Mattes-Gyoergy, K.; Mueller, H.W. [Nuklearmedizin, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Schneider, M. [Rheumatologie, Klinik fuer Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Rheumatologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Ostendorf, B. [Radiologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany); Rheumatologie, Klinik fuer Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Rheumatologie, Heinrich-Heine Univ., Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2009-09-15

    Aim: comparison of MRI with a newly developed high-resolution multi-pinhole single photon emission computed tomography (MPH-SPECT) regarding the detection of bony pathologies of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA). Materials and methods: the clinically dominant hand of 15 patients with ERA (disease duration 6 months) was examined using MRI and MPH-SPECT. The evaluation of MRI was achieved according to RAMRIS criteria and for the MPH SPECT regarding pathological tracer uptake and distribution. Image fusions of MRI and MPH-SPECT were provided and the two methods were compared. Results: in MRI 12 of 15 patients showed arthritic joint pathologies, while 8 patients exhibited soft tissue and bony changes. 4 patients had only soft tissue inflammation (synovitis) with a normal bone signal. In MPH-SPECT 10 of 15 patients showed pathologically increased bone metabolism. The fusion images presented a high agreement of the pathological changes in both methods, while areas with increased bone metabolism were not only present in the case of erosions, but also in the case of bone edema. In 2 patients increased bone metabolism was detectable in areas of MR tomographic normal bone, while a clear surrounding synovitis was present in each case here. (orig.)

  16. Incidence and significance of small focal liver lesions on MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analysis of the frequency and significance of small focal liver lesions (? 2 cm) detected on MRI in the presence or absence of a history of malignancy. Methods: 628 MRI examinations of the liver performed during 1994 - 1996 were evaluated. The inclusion criterion into the study was the detection of a focal liver lesion with a size ? 2 cm. The frequency, the size, the diagnostic proof, and the differential diagnosis of the focal liver lesions were analysed with regard to the patients history of a known malignant tumor. Results: Overall, 179 of the 628 patients (28.5%) had focal liver lesions ? 2 cm (n = 338). 58.9% of the lesions could be classified based upon follow-up studies by ultrasound, CT or MRI, or by biopsy. The remaining 41.1% of the lesions could not be classified due to the absence of follow-up examinations. 57.3% of all proven lesions were benign and 42.7% were malignant. A history of a malignant tumor was present in 76.7% of all patients with small liver lesions; however, lesions were benign in these patients in 50.6% of the cases. In patients with no known history of a malignancy, 75% of the lesions were benign and 25% were malignant. However, these malignant lesions were in 10/11 cases hepatocellular carcinomas in patients with liver cirrhosis. (orig.)

  17. Lesiones de varicela en cavidad bucal: reporte de un caso

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Janet, Lazarde L; Alven, Arreaza I; María V, Lugo F; Aura Y, Osorio G.

    Full Text Available La Varicela es una enfermedad viral que se presenta con frecuencia en la población infantil, cursa con lesiones cutáneas y en ciertas ocasiones en cavidad bucal. Se presenta un caso de paciente masculino de 5 años de edad, quien consulta por presentar lesiones en cavidad bucal, además de las lesione [...] s cutáneas. Fue tratado con antivirales tópico y sistémico, notándose mejoría de las lesiones en dos semanas. Abstract in english The Chicken pox is a viral infection that is presented frequently in the infantile population, it presented with skin lesions and, in certain occasions, in oral cavity. A 5 years old male patient, who consult for present vesicles in oral cavity and skin lesions, it was treated with topical and syste [...] mic antiviral, being noticed improvement of the lesions in two weeks.

  18. Extrapleural Inner Thoracic Wall Lesions: Multidetector CT Findings

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    Kim, Seung Soo; Kim, Young Tong; Jou, Sung Shik [Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    The extrapleural space is external to the parietal pleura in the thorax. The structures within and adjacent to this region include the fat pad, endothoracic fascia, intercostal muscles, connective tissue, nerves, vessels, and ribs. Further, the space is divided into the inner and outer thoracic wall by the innermost intercostal muscle. Extrapleural lesions in the inner thoracic wall are classified as air-containing lesions, fat-containing lesions, and soft tissue-containing lesions according on their main component. Air-containing lesions include extrapleural air from direct chest trauma and extrapleural extension from pneumomediastinum. Prominent extrapleural fat is seen in decreased lung volume conditions, and can also be seen in normal individuals. Soft tissue-containing lesions include extrapleural extensions from a pleural or chest wall infection as well as tumors and extrapleural hematoma. We classify extrapleural lesions in the inner thoracic wall and illustrate their imaging findings

  19. Lesiones por mordedura de perro en niños

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sergio D., Schvartzman; Mirta B., Pacín.

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción y objetivo. Describir las características epidemiológicas de las lesiones por mordeduras de perro e identificar patrones en el huésped, el agente y el medio ambiente que puedan servir para desarrollar estrategias de prevención. Población, material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo, transve [...] rsal. Incluyó todos los menores de 14 años que consultaron por mordedura de perro en la Guardia de Pediatría del Hospital Neuquén desde mayo 2001 a mayo 2002. Resultados. Hubo 131 consultas. La mediana de edad fue 7 ± 3,5 años (rango 14 meses a 14 años), con una relación varón: mujer de 2 a 1 en todas las edades. En comparación con los niños mayores, los menores de 5 años tuvieron más riesgo de sufrir ataques provocados (OR: 5,87 IC 95% 2,37 - 14,83) y de resultar lesionados en su cara, cabeza o cuello (OR 9,90 IC95% 3,92- 25,59). En los accidentes domiciliarios (62%) las víctimas fueron menores que en los callejeros (5,6 contra 8 años; p= 0,003). La mayoría de los perros fueron machos, mestizos y pertenecían a un vecino. Cuatro por ciento de las lesiones fueron graves y ninguna, fatal. No hubo relación entre raza del perro y la gravedad de la lesión. Conclusiones. Tuvimos un alto porcentaje de mordeduras callejeras. En este grupo, la víctima típica fue un varón en edad escolar con lesiones en miembros inferiores producidas por el perro de un vecino. En las mordeduras hogareñas las víctimas fueron más pequeñas, los ataques, generalmente provocados y predominaron las lesiones en la cabeza. Se proponen estrategias preventivas. Abstract in english Introduction and objetive. To describe the epidemiologic characteristics of dog-bite related injuries and to identify patterns in the host, the agent and the environment that may be useful to develop prevention strategies. Population, material and methods. Cross-sectional, descriptive study includin [...] g all patients under 14 who were treated for a dog-bite-related injury at our Pediatric Emergency Department from May 22nd, 2001 to May 21st, 2002. Results. A total of 131 patients were treated. The median age was 7 ± 3.5 years (range 14 months to 14 years), with a 2:1 male/female ratio. When compared with older children, victims younger than five were more likely to suffer a provoked attack (OR: 5.87 CI95% 2.37- 14.83) and to be bitten in their face, head or neck (OR 9.90 CI95% 3.92- 25.59). Victims bitten at home (62%) were significatively younger than those bitten at public places (5.6 vs. 8 years; p= 0,003). Sixty-nine percent of the dogs were male and most of them belonged to a neighbour. Four percent of the lesions were serious, none fatal. There were no relationship between dog's breed and severity of injuries. Conclusions. There was a higher proportion of bites that occurred at public places. In this scenario, the typical victim was a schoolboy bitten in his lower limbs by a neighbour's freely roaming dog. When bites occurred indoors, victims tended to be younger, attacks were usually provoked and lesions involved the head. Prevention strategies are proposed.

  20. Hyperparathyroidism and bone lesions. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Primary hyperparathyroidism can course with bone lesions known as fibrocystic osteitis in 25% to 60% of the cases and manifest itself by fractures, bone pain, deformations and inflammatory reaction. A 17 years old patient was listened with report of trauma in the left wrist, lumbar and in the right knee pain, with inflammatory signals and thinning 15 kg in 8 months. After x-ray of the left wrist and hand, bone rarefaction and insufflated lesion in the left chiro-dactyl third proximal phalanx were observed. The laboratory examinations have demonstrated hyper calcemia (13mg/dl), hypo phosphatemia (1,3mg/dl) with alkaline phosphatase (1086UI/I) e PTH (1050ng/ml). X-ray of the cranium cap, hip and coxofemoral articulations, knees and ankle was realized and observed disseminated lithic lesions. The bone scintilography with Technetium-99m MDP revealed hypo and hyper uptaked regions in several segments of the appendicular axial skeleton. Because of primary hyperparathyroidism suspicion, parathyroid scintilography with Technetium-99m MIBI in two phases was realized. 30 min after the injection of the radiopharmaceutical whole body images were realized which demonstrated hyper absorption in the areas previously hypo to the bone scintilography. 3 hours after injection the uptake was maintained in projection of the left inferior parathyroid, with posterior adenoma resection. The patient presented a significant reduction of the bone pain and normalization of the serum calcium levels. Nuclear medicine had an important role in the investigation of parathyroid diseases and showed to be useful in the evaluation of the disseminated bone compromising, which can come along with this pathology, avoiding the realization of repeated radiological studies

  1. Lesiones bucales vistas en la embarazada

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    Leira Lárez

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Estudiar los problemas bucales y los factores individuales, ambientales y sociales que influyen en la salud bucal durante el embarazo. Método: Se estudiaron 251 embarazadas vistas en el Servicio de Odontología de la Maternidad "Concepción Palacios" de Caracas, que presentaban una o más lesiones bucales. Ambiente: Servicio de Odontología de la Maternidad "Concepción Palacios" de Caracas, Distrito Capital. Resultados: De las 251 pacientes estudiadas, 153 (60,96% presentaron gingivitis como la lesión bucal más frecuente vista en la embarazada, seguida por 15 casos (5,98% de úlceras inespecíficas y en tercer lugar 14 casos (5,58% de agrandamientos gingivales y estomatitis subprotésicas respectivamente. Conclusiones: Debido a que las embarazadas presentan alteraciones en su sistema inmunológico y un desequilibrio hormonal, son propensas a padecer lesiones bucales durante su condición de gestantes.Objective: To study the oral problems, as well as the individual, environmental, and social factors, that may have an impact on oral health during pregnancy. Method: 251 pregnant women were studied, who were treated at the Odontology Service of the "Concepción Palacios" Maternity Hospital in Caracas and presented one or more oral injuries. Setting: Odontology Service of the "Concepción Palacios" Maternity Hospital, Caracas, Capital District. Results: Of the 251 patients studied, 153 (60,96% presented gingivitis, which was the most frequently found oral injury, followed by 15 cases (5,98% of unspecified ulcers and in third place 14 cases (5,58% of gingival enlargement and 14 other cases (5,58% of subprothesic stomatitis. Conclusions: Since pregnant women have alterations in their immunological systems and hormonal imbalances, they are prone to suffer from buccal lesions during their pregnancies.

  2. Tratamiento no quirúrgico de lesiones periapicales / Non-surgical treatment of periapical lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro Pablo, Ferro Benítez; Maria Elena, Quiñones Ybarría; Leticia, Espinosa González; Sonia, Felipe Torres; Ledia, Salamanca Villazón.

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available El tratamiento de dientes con lesiones periapicales crónicas ha sido estudiado por diferentes autores en el campo endodóntico. Basados en los resultados obtenidos en diferentes trabajos experimentales, nos propusimos realizar la presente investigación, tomando 30 dientes humanos que al momento de re [...] alizar el tratamiento pulpo-radicular mostraban presencia de lesiones periapicales con diámetros variables, por encima de los 5 mm . Se tuvieron en cuenta 2 grupos: en uno de ellos se les realizaron a los conductos radiculares rellenos temporales de pasta de hidróxido de calcio y agua destilada; en el otro grupo a estos conductos se les realizaron rellenos temporales con pasta de hidróxido de calcio, agua destilada y paramonoclorofenol alcanforado. Se evaluó la disminución de las lesiones periapicales en ambos grupos a los 3 y 6 meses de iniciado el tratamiento, sin que se observaran diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Igual ocurrió en la evaluación de la reparación ósea periapical a los 9 meses de iniciado el tratamiento. Con ambas técnicas los resultados fueron satisfactorios, lo que demuestra una participación activa del hidróxido de calcio en la reparación de las lesiones periapicales, independientemente de su asociación con el paramonoclorofenol alcanforado. Abstract in english The treatment of teeth with chronic periapical lesions has been studied by different authors in the endodontics field. Based on the results attained in different experimental works, we proposed ourselves to make the present research taking 30 human teeth that at the time of applying the pulpar radic [...] ular treatment presented periapical lesions with variable diameters over 5 mm. Two groups were taken into account: in one of them, the radicular ducts were temporarily filled up with calcium hydroxide paste and distilled water, whereas in the other one these ducts were filled up with calcium hydroxide paste, distilled water and camphorated paramonochlorophenol. The decrease of the periapical lesions was evaluated in both groups 3 and 6 months after the beginning of the treatment. No statistically significant differences were observed. The same occurred in the evaluation of the periapical osteal repair 9 months after initiating the treatment. The results were satisfactory with both techniques. The active participation of calcium hydroxide in the repair of periapical lesions independently of its association with camphorated paramonochlorophenol was proved.

  3. Standardization of lesions of external bone ligaments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the time from March 1978 until September 1978, 100 patients having a lesion of the capsular ligament at the upper ankle joint immediately after an accident were examined. The manual X-ray diagnosis was compared with a diagnosis using a newly-created holding apparatus. This way of diagnosing was carried out at the same time on the same patient; this gave an optimal possibility of comparing the two ways of examination. Generally seen, apparative X-ray diagnosis achieved higher values thus giving the possibility of more exact classification as to the diagnosis and therapy. (orig./MG)

  4. Benign mandibular and maxillary lesions in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CT criteria for classifying fibrous mandibular and maxillary lesions in adults as benign or malignant are well recognized: irregular soft-tissue margins and bone destruction. This paper reviews the charts of 10 pediatric patients in order to evaluate these criteria in children. The authors evaluated these masses by CT and/or MR imaging based solely on well-recognized and published criteria. Ten patients from three institutions were studied by CT and/or MR imaging. They ranged in age from 4 mo to 18 y. The histologic diagnoses were ameloblastoma (n = 3), hemangioma (n = 2), lymphangioma, desmoplastic fibroma, hemangiopericytoma, neurofibroma, and juvenile angiofibroma

  5. MR imaging of aggressive childhood bone lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report their use of MR imaging in 13 children to study bone lesions that had appeared aggressive on radiographs. Correlation with CT in nine patients and with pathologic specimens in all 13 patients showed MR imaging was accurate in estimating cortical and medullary involvement. MR imaging showed soft- tissue involvement better than CT, and it was helpful in identifying and characterizing the tumors. MR imaging provided information equal to or better than CT in eight cases and was complementary to CT in one case

  6. Chemical and Radiation-Associated Jaw Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omolehinwa, Temitope T; Akintoye, Sunday O

    2016-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a major public health concern throughout the world. Use of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer and bone antiresorptives and antiangiogenic agents have increased its incidence. Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is more common relative to other types of osteonecrosis. Osteoradionecrosis occurs despite better treatment planning and shielding to minimize collateral damage to bone. Other related necrotic lesions are secondary to usage of recreational drugs and steroids. This article provides comprehensive information about these different types of bone necrosis; provides the readers with radiographic diagnostic criteria and updates on current theories on pathophysiology of osteonecrosis. PMID:26614957

  7. MR imaging of diaphragm and paradiaphragmatic lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To show the feasibility of MR imaging of diaphragm, examined were visibility of normal diaphragm and clinical utility of 20 patients with varying paradiaphragmatic and/or diaphragmatic lesions. Sagittal MR images were obtained with T1-weighted fast spin echo imaging sequence under breath hold and ECG gating in the left side. Respiratory cine imaging were made from MR imaging in four different respiratory phases. Breath-hold MR imaging and respiratory cine imaging are feasible for the analysis of diaphragmatic and paradiaphragmatic diseases. (author)

  8. Monte Carlo modeling of pigmented lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gareau, Daniel; Jacques, Steven; Krueger, James

    2014-03-01

    Colors observed in clinical dermoscopy are critical to diagnosis but the mechanisms that lead to the spectral components of diffuse reflectance are more than meets the eye: combinations of the absorption and scattering spectra of the biomolecules as well as the "structural color" effect of skin anatomy. We modeled diffuse remittance from skin based on histopathology. The optical properties of the tissue types were based on the relevant chromophores and scatterers. The resulting spectral images mimic the appearance of pigmented lesions quite well when the morphology is mathematically derived but limited when based on histopathology, raising interesting questions about the interaction between various wavelengths with various pathological anatomical features.

  9. Cholestatic jaundice by malignant lesions: pictorial essay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malignant obstructive jaundice is most commonly caused by cancer of pancreatic head, papilla tumor, cholangiocarcinoma and biliary obstruction induced by secondary lesions of the liver or lymph nodes. Patients usually present with weight loss, abdominal pain, jaundice and progressive increase of direct bilirubin, being essential the evaluation by imaging methods for the proper diagnosis, staging and therapeutic planning. This essay illustrates the imaging aspects of ultrasound and computed tomography - and in specific situations magnetic resonance cholangiography - of the major malignancies that lead to cholestatic jaundice. (author)

  10. Uncommon breast lesions. Radiologic and pathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To illustrate the radiologic findings in several uncommon breast and infrequent diseases that present with unusual mammographic images. We reviewed the mammograms performed in our department between 1998 and 1995, selecting 16 patients (12 women and 4 men). Nine patients had benign breast lesions (adenomyoepithelioma, epidermal cyst, adenoid cystic carcinoma, myofibroblastoma, multiple hamartomas, intra cystic papillomas, lipoma, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis and fat necrosis) and 7 patients presented malignant breast diseases (malignant fibrous histiocytoma, intra cystic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of the breast, liposarcoma and metastasis). We present a review of the radiologic and pathologic findings in several uncommon breast diseases. (Author) 14 refs

  11. Comparison of functional recovery of manual dexterity after unilateral spinal cord lesion or motor cortex lesion in adult macaque monkeys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EricM.Rouiller

    2013-07-01

    For some of the parameters investigated (wrist angle for horizontal slots and movement types distribution for vertical slots after cervical injury; movement types distribution for horizontal slots after motor cortex lesion, post-lesion restoration of the original movement patterns (“true” recovery led to a quantitatively better functional recovery. In the motor cortex lesion groups, pharmacological reversible inactivation experiments showed that the peri-lesion territory of the primary motor cortex or re-arranged, spared domain of the lesion zone, played a major role in the functional recovery, together with the ipsilesional intact premotor cortex.

  12. Cameron lesion: An unusual cause of anemia

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    Jovanovi? Ivan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Cameron lesions are linear gastric ulcers or erosions positioned on the crests of mucosal folds at the diaphragmatic impression, in patients with large hiatal hernia, and can cause iron deficiency anaemia. Case report. We present a case of a 56-year-old woman who was referred to our institution for further investigation after she was examined in gastroenterology emergency room (GER for signs and symptoms of severe hypochromic microcytic anemia without signs of acute gastrointestinal bleeding and with no obvious cause of chronic blood loss. Endoscopy showed linear ulceration at the level of diaphragm-Cameron lesions with large hiated hernia. She was treated with proton pump inhibitors and iron supplements. The laparoscopic fundoplication was done. Six months later she was asymptomatic. Conclusion. Large hiatus hernia may cause iron deficiency anemia due to occult bleeding from Cameron erosions. The current therapy concept includes the surgical reconstruction of the hiatus together with gastric fundoplication in combination with the proton pump inhibitor therapy.

  13. Pigmented lesions of the nail unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruben, Beth S

    2015-06-01

    Longitudinal melanonychia originates from pigmented and/or melanocytic lesions of the nail unit. It may be a less-common entity encountered in dermatologic practice, but it is often a vexing one. Lesions occurring at this location present particular problems due to the unfamiliarity with clinical assessment, their relative inaccessibility, requiring more surgical finesse, and the lack of experience with histopathologic examination. Obtaining a specimen sufficient for interpretation is one of the main impediments to successful diagnosis in this setting. Most pigmented bands are benign, due to more common entities such as melanocytic activation, lentigo, and/or a nevus; however, deciding which ones are due to melanoma is of the utmost importance and can be difficult. Some examples of melanoma at this site are amelanotic, which are more challenging to recognize clinically, and usually lead to significant delays in diagnosis. In order to provide optimal patient care in this setting, it is very important that the physician has an understanding of the unique clinical, surgical, and pathologic issues relating to diagnosis of melanocytic neoplasms at this site, and there is communication between the clinician and the pathologist. PMID:26176288

  14. Osteopontin expression in reactive lesions of gingiva

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rathinam, ELANAGAI; Veeran, VEERAVARMAL; Ramdas Madhavan, NIRMAL.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Reactive proliferations of the gingiva comprise lesions such as pyogenic granuloma (PG), inflammatory fibroepithelial hyperplasia (IFH), peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF), and peripheral giant cell lesion. Osteopontin (OPN) has a dual role, it promotes mineralization when it is bound to solid subst [...] rate, and on the other hand, it inhibits mineralization when it is seen in association with solution. Objectives The study aimed to evaluate the expression of osteopontin in normal gingival tissue and different types of focal reactive proliferations of gingival tissue, and its role in the development of calcification within it. Material and Methods The presence and distribution of osteopontin was assessed using immunohistochemistry in five cases of normal gingival tissue and 30 cases of focal reactive proliferations of gingiva. Results There was no expression of osteopontin in normal subjects. Few cases of pyogenic granuloma, inflammatory fibroepithelial hyperplasia, and all the cases of peripheral ossifying fibroma showed positivity for osteopontin in the inflammatory cells, stromal cells, extracellular matrix, and in the calcifications. Conclusion The expression of osteopontin in all the cases of peripheral ossifying fibroma speculates that the majority of the cases of peripheral ossifying fibroma originate from the periodontal ligament cells. The treatment modalities for peripheral ossifying fibroma should differ from other focal reactive proliferations of gingiva.

  15. Diagnóstico de criptococosis a partir de lesiones cutáneas Diagnosis of cryptococcosis in cutaneous lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amadeo Javier Bava

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó el diagnóstico de criptococosis en un paciente con lesiones cutáneas de aspecto moluscoide, presentes en gran número en el rostro, sospechadas clínicamente de ser provocadas por Histoplasma capsulatum. El paciente, posteriormente diagnosticado como VIH positivo, presentó además Cryptococcus neoformans en el LCR y fue tratado con anfotericina B endovenosa. Con material obtenido por escarificación de las lesiones se realizaron extendidos y practicaron cultivos. Aplicadas a los extendidos, las coloraciones de Giemsa, Grocott y mucicarmín de Mayer, permitieron la observación de levaduras redondas y capsuladas que en los cultivos en agar semillas de girasol desarrollaron colonias de color pardo que correspondieron a Cryptococcus neoformans.Diagnosis of cryptococcosis was performed in a patient with multiple cutaneous Muluscum contagiosumlike lesions in the face, clinically suspected as produced by Histoplasma capsulatum. The patient, after being diagnosed HIV positive, also showed Cryptococcus neoformans in the CSF, and was treated with intravenous amphotericin B. Clinical samples from the skin lesions were obtained and smears stained by Giemsa, Grocott and Mayer's mucicarmin were performed. Part of these samples, obtained by scrapping the ulcers, were suspended in isotonic saline solution and cultivated in Sabouraud dextrose agar and sunfloweragar; Cryptococcus neoformans colonies were identified.

  16. Diagnóstico de criptococosis a partir de lesiones cutáneas / Diagnosis of cryptococcosis in cutaneous lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Amadeo Javier, Bava; Luis, Trombetta; Viviana, Galache; María Victoria, Zuliani; Alcides, Troncoso.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó el diagnóstico de criptococosis en un paciente con lesiones cutáneas de aspecto moluscoide, presentes en gran número en el rostro, sospechadas clínicamente de ser provocadas por Histoplasma capsulatum. El paciente, posteriormente diagnosticado como VIH positivo, presentó además Cryptococc [...] us neoformans en el LCR y fue tratado con anfotericina B endovenosa. Con material obtenido por escarificación de las lesiones se realizaron extendidos y practicaron cultivos. Aplicadas a los extendidos, las coloraciones de Giemsa, Grocott y mucicarmín de Mayer, permitieron la observación de levaduras redondas y capsuladas que en los cultivos en agar semillas de girasol desarrollaron colonias de color pardo que correspondieron a Cryptococcus neoformans. Abstract in english Diagnosis of cryptococcosis was performed in a patient with multiple cutaneous Muluscum contagiosumlike lesions in the face, clinically suspected as produced by Histoplasma capsulatum. The patient, after being diagnosed HIV positive, also showed Cryptococcus neoformans in the CSF, and was treated wi [...] th intravenous amphotericin B. Clinical samples from the skin lesions were obtained and smears stained by Giemsa, Grocott and Mayer's mucicarmin were performed. Part of these samples, obtained by scrapping the ulcers, were suspended in isotonic saline solution and cultivated in Sabouraud dextrose agar and sunfloweragar; Cryptococcus neoformans colonies were identified.

  17. Artralgias migratorias y lesiones óseas esclerosantes: diagnóstico diferencial / Migratory arthralgia and sclerosing bone lesions: differential diagnosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M.T., Pedraz Penalva.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La osteopoiquilia es una rara displasia ósea benigna que puede cursar con dolor musculo-esquelético, aunque suele ser asintomática. Habitualmente se sospecha y se diagnostica ante el hallazgo incidental de las lesiones óseas características en los estudios radiológicos solicitados por otro motivo. I [...] dentificar estas lesiones y descartar otras posibles causas es crucial para realizar un correcto diagnóstico diferencial y evitar estudios invasivos innecesarios. A continuación describimos un caso clínico de una paciente de 32 años remitida al servicio de Reumatología por dolor articular. Abstract in english Osteopokilosis is a rare benign bone dysplasia that may result in musculoskeletal pain, although it is usually asymptomatic. It is frequently suspected and diagnosed by the incidental finding of characteristic bone lesions on plain radiographs requested for another reason. Identifying these lesions [...] and ruling out other possible causes is crucial to carry out a correct differential diagnosis and to avoid unnecessary invasive studies. We describe a case of a patient 32 years old who was referred to our rheumatology department because of joint pain.

  18. Solid focal liver lesion characterisation with apparent diffusion coefficient ratios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-invasive characterisation of focal liver lesions using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been heavily investigated and has shown substantial overlap between benign and malignant lesions. We have calculated a ratio of lesion to normal liver to determine if it improves accuracy for correct categorisation. All hepatic MRI studies performed between 1st April 2009 and 26th September 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with solid focal liver lesions in whom a diagnosis could be established and had lesions over 10mm were included. Haemangiomas, cysts and patients with chronic liver disease were excluded. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were calculated for each lesion and adjacent normal liver on breath hold DWI. Two hundred fifty-eight studies were performed and 206 were excluded leaving 52 scans and 58 lesions of which 47 were benign and 11 were malignant. The mean ADC value for benign lesions was 1196.6 (two standard deviations (2SD)=±399.9) and of benign liver 1101.5 (2SD=±329.8) with a ratio of benign lesion to benign liver of 1.1005 (2SD=±0.3783). The mean ADC of malignant lesions was 1153.0 (2SD=±604.9) and malignant liver of 1080.7 (2SD=±533.4) giving a malignant lesion to malignant liver ratio of 1.0890 (2SD=±0.4975). None of these results were statistically significant (all P>0.5). DWI is unable to reliably differentiate solid benign lesions from solid malignant lesions.

  19. Lesiones del cartílago de la rodilla / Lesions of the cartilage of the knee

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandro, Álvarez López; Yenima, García Lorenzo; Guadalupe, López Lastre; Mercedes, López Lastre.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: las lesiones del cartílago de la rodilla producen en los enfermos dolor y pérdida de la capacidad funcional de manera progresiva. El tratamiento de esta enfermedad es difícil, debido a la poca capacidad biológica de los cartílagos para su cicatrización. Desarrollo: se revisaron más de 30 [...] 0 artículos sobre el tema, de ellos 44 de los últimos cinco años. Se discutieron los aspectos relacionados con las características propias de los enfermos que presentan lesiones del cartílago y cómo decidir o sugerir las variantes de tratamientos según los factores propios de la lesión y del enfermo. Se abordaron técnicas tales como: el desbridamiento artroscópico, el injerto autólogo de condrocitos asociados a andamios y matrices sintéticas, en cada caso se analizaron las ventajas y desventajas, así como las indicaciones específicas de cada procedimiento, basado en los reportes de la literatura internacional. Conclusiones: el tratamiento de pacientes con lesiones del cartílago depende de varios factores, entre los que se conjugan los propios del enfermo y la preparación del médico. La intervención oportuna y efectiva en pacientes con esta enfermedad disminuye los síntomas y signos, además de la necesidad de utilizar técnicas quirúrgicas más complejas. Abstract in english Background: lesions of the cartilage of the knee cause pain and progressive loss of the functional capacity of the joint. The treatment for the disease is difficult because of the poor biological capacity of cartilages to heal. Development: we looked through more than 300 articles related to the top [...] ic, 44 of which are from the last five years. Aspects related to the common characteristics of the patients that have lesions of the cartilage were discussed, and how to decide and suggest the different treatments according to the common factors of the lesion and of the patient as well. Techniques such as: arthroscopic debridement, autologous transplantation of chondrocytes associated to scaffolds and synthetic arrays were tackled. In each case, the advantages and disadvantages were analyzed, as well as the specific indications to each procedure based on reports from the international literature. Conclusions: the treatment of patients with lesions of the cartilage of the knee depends on some factors that combine those related to the common characteristics of the patient and the training of the doctor. Timely and effective operation in patients with the disease reduces the symptoms and the need to use more complex surgical techniques.

  20. Ocular lesions and experimental choline deficiency / Lesiones oculares y deficiencia experimental de colina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Georgina P., Ossani; David, Pelayes; María L., Diaz; Nestor R., Lago; Silvia L., Fariña; Alberto J., Monserrat; Jorge O., Zarate.

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Estudios previos han demostrado hemorragia ocular en ratas deficientes en colina. El objetivo de este trabajo es profundizar en la relación entre las alteraciones oculares, renales y bioquímicas en ratas deficientes en colina. Cincuenta y una ratas Wistar macho recién destetadas fueron divididas en [...] dos grupos: treinta y una fueron alimentadas con una dieta colino deficiente y el resto con colina suplementada ad-libitum. Los animales de ambos grupos fueron sacrificados entre el quinto y el octavo día. Se midió la concentración de urea, creatinina y homocisteína en sangre. Los ojos fueron estudiados por microscopía de luz, microscopía óptica de alta resolución y para el estudio de la retina como retina plana. Los riñones fueron estudiados por microscopía de luz. Las ratas suplementadas con colina no mostraron lesiones oculares o renales. Las colino deficientes que mostraron lesiones renales, necrosis tubular o cortical, no siempre tuvieron cambios oculares. No se encontraron cambios oculares en la única rata deficiente en colina sin lesión renal. Los cambios oculares consistieron principalmente en hemorragia en ambas cámaras, cuerpo ciliar y vítreo. La correlación entre la lesión ocular y renal (r=0.72, p Abstract in english Previous studies have shown ocular haemorrhages in choline-deficient rats. The aim of this paper is to study further the relationship between ocular and renal lesions and biochemical alterations in rats fed a choline-deficient diet. Fifty one weanling male Wistar rats, were divided into two groups. [...] Thirty one of them were fed a choline-deficient diet and the rest was fed a choline-supplemented diet ad libitum. Animals from both groups were killed between the fifth and the eighth day. Urea, creatinine and homocysteine concentrations in blood were determined. Eyes were used for light microscopy study; high resolution light microscopy and the study of the retina as "rétine a plat". Kidneys were studied by light microscopy. Choline-supplemented rats did not show ocular or renal lesion. Choline-deficient rats that showed renal lesions, tubular or cortical necrosis, did not always have ocular changes. There were no ocular changes in the only choline-deficient rat without renal lesion. The ocular changes consisted mainly in haemorrhage in both cameras and ciliary and vitreous bodies. Correlations between ocular and renal lesion (r=0.72, p

  1. Computed tomography of the mediastinal lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Authors retrospectively analyzed the CT findings of mediastinal lesions in surgically or clinically confirmed 37 cases at Kosin Medical College during recent 4 years from September 1979 to August 1983. 1. Among 37 caes, malignant lymphoma were 7 cases, thymoma and vascular lesion or anomaly were 5 cases respectively, benign teratoma and tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenitis and neurogenic tumor were 4 cases respectively, pericardial cyst were 2 cases, bronchogenic cyst, non-specific cyst, pancreatic pseudocyst, mesothelioma, Bochdalek hernia was 1 case respectively. 2. The sex ratio between male and female was about 1 : 1 and the majority of the patients with malignant lymphoma and teratoma was under 20 years old. 3. CT findings of the each mediastinal lesion. 1) Primary mediastinal malignant lymphoma. (1) A large, matted, continuous and midline-crossing mass was observed in the superior and the anterior mediastinums in all cases. (2) In 3 cases, irregular lower densities were seen in the center of the mass, representing the tumor necrosis. (3) CT was also able to show involvement of other mediastinal lymph nodes and adjacent structures such as pleura, anterior chest wall and lung parenchyma. (4) Involving pleura, homogeneous band-like shadows were seen along the pleura, appearing denser than the associated pleural effusion. (5) Involving lung parenchyma, irregular- shaped nodules and band-like densities were seen along the courses of the bronchi and the vessels. 2) Thyoma. (1) A discrete, soft tissue mass was seen in the superior and the anterior mediastinums (mainly posterior to manubrium and anterior to aortic arch) replacing the normal mediastinal fat. (2) In benign thymoma, the margin of the mass was smooth and the normal fat plane between the mass and the vascular structures was well preserved, but invasive thymoma showed obliteration of the normal fat plane, irregular and ragged tumor-lung interface, and irregular thickening of pleura and pericardium by tumor implantation to the these structures. (3) The tumors spreaded to only side of the chest cavity. 3) Teratoma (1) A discrete and smooth marginated mass was seen in anterior mediastinum and it has three or more of different tissue densities among fat, water, soft tissue and calcific densities. (2) 3 case of teratomas showed the characteristic, thick-walled cystic appearances.

  2. Variabilidad en las indicaciones quirúrgicas de las lesiones intradurales postraumáticas / Variability in the surgical indications for posttraumatic intradural lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    F., Arikan; J., Sahuquillo; J., Ibáñez; J., Vilalta; M.A., Poca; M., Riveiro; M.P., Mena; A., Garnacho; E., Rubio.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. El tratamiento de las lesiones focales intradurales continúa siendo motivo de controversia. Esto es especialmente importante en la decisión de evacuar contusiones cerebrales. Presentamos los resultados de un estudio prospectivo y observacional, cuyo objetivo ha sido analizar la variabi [...] lidad en las indicaciones quirúrgicas de lesiones focales intradurales postraumáticas en un servicio de neurocirugía perteneciente a un hospital universitario, dotado de una unidad especializada en neurotraumatología. Material y métodos. Entre el 1 de mayo y el 31 de diciembre de 2001, se incluyeron 32 pacientes con un traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) cerrado, con lesiones focales intradurales. Estos pacientes constituyen la aportación que nuestro centro realizó en el estudio multicéntrico y observacional sobre el manejo de lesiones intradurales dirigido por el European Brain Injury Consortium (EBIC). Resultados. Las lesiones intradurales de volumen > 25 cc. se evacuaron de forma inmediata al diagnóstico. Nueve de los 13 pacientes con lesiones 25 cc. Sin embargo, existen discrepancias en las indicaciones quirúrgicas de las lesiones con volumen Abstract in english Introduction. The surgical treatment of focal intradural lesions is still a matter of considerable debate. This is especially important in the decision to evacuate brain contusions. We present the results of a prospective observational study in which the main goal was to analyze intracenter variabil [...] ity in the indication for surgery in focal posttraumatic intradural lesions in a department of Neurosurgery of a University Hospital with a specialized neurotrauma unit. Clinical material and methods. Between May 1 and December 31, 2001, 32 patients with a closed traumatic brain injury and an intradural posttraumatic focal lesion were included. The patients studied were a subgroup included in the European multicenter observational study of the management of intradural lesions conducted under the aegis of the European Brain Injury Consortium (EBIC). Results. Intradural lesions > 25cc were immediately evacuated. Nine out of thirteen patients with lesions

  3. Unilateral multiple tumorous lesions of the parotid gland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multifocal tumors within the same parotid gland are very rare. We treated 13 patients with multiple tumorous lesions within the unilateral parotid gland. We evaluated the multiple nodules by CT-sialography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These imagings showed clearly two or more distinct nodular-appearing lesions. Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma (6 patients) was predominant, followed by Whartin's tumor (3 patients). The other lesions were two differential parenchymal tumors (polymorphous low grade adenoma/adenoma) within the same gland, a malignant lymphoma, a squamous cell carcinoma metastatic to the gland, and a tuberculous lesion. On palpitation, 9 of the patients had an unilateral tumor, one a palpable parotid mass in the gland, and the other four had two or more tumors in the unilateral gland. The patients with intra-parotid lymph node and metastatic lesions had extra-parotid cervical adenopathy. The clinical features and the differential diagnosis of the unilateral multiple tumors lesions of the parotid gland are discussed. (author)

  4. Computerized tomography in expanding lesions in the orbit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of computerized tomography application in 30 patients with unilateral exophthalmos are presented. In 4 of these patients expanding lesions were found within muscular cone of the orbit. In 17 cases the lesion was situated outside this cone. In 9 cases no expanding lesion was demonstrated in the orbit, most of these cases were patients with hyperthyroidism. Attention is called to the possibility of differentiating various orbital tumours on the basis of their shape, density of structure and site of origin. Irregular shape and difficulties in discerning the lesion from the surrounding tissues suggest presence of a metastatic tumour or the so-called pseudotumour of the orbit. It is stressed that computerized tomography makes possible a more accurate recognition of the extent of the lesion, especially if it is infiltrating the posterior part of the orbit. In this small group of cases no evident improvement in the density of the lesion was obtained after injection of contrast medium. (author)

  5. Tuberculosis - the masquerader of bone lesions in children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    MN, Rasool.

    Full Text Available Fifty-three children with histologically confirmed tuberculous osteomyelitis were treated between 1989 and 2007. The age ranged from 1-12 years. There were 65 osseous lesions (excluding spinal and synovial). Seven had multifocal bone involvement. Four basic types of lesions were seen: cystic (n=46), [...] infiltrative (n=7), focal erosions (n=6) and spina ventosa (n=7). The majority of lesions were in the metaphyses (n=36); the remainder were in the diaphysis, epiphysis, short tubular bones, flat bones and small round bones. Bone lesions resembled chronic infections, simple and aneurysmal bone cysts, cartilaginous tumours, osteoid osteoma, haematological bone lesions and certain osteochondroses seen during the same period of study. Histological confirmation is mandatory to confirm the diagnosis of tuberculosis as several bone lesions can mimic tuberculous osteomyelitis.

  6. Detecting bony infiltrates in patients with multiple myeloma – Is there a role for computered tomography (CT) as an alternative to the radiographic skeletal survey?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using 2 case studies, the aim of this article is to discuss if there is a role for the computed tomography (CT) skeletal survey in patients with multiple myeloma. CT has increased sensitivity and demonstrates an ability to characterise trabecular anatomy in difficult areas such as scapulae, ribs and sternum, compared with conventional radiography. It also allows differentiation between benign and pathological compression fractures, and is superior in estimating fracture risk. Other advantages of CT include demonstration of unsuspected associated pathology such as lung disease, soft tissue and visceral masses and identifying suitable biopsy sites, detection of small osteolytic lesions, multiplanar reconstructions, radiotherapy planning and surgical intervention, shorter examination time, no repositioning of the patient and therefore increased patient comfort. CT has previously been associated with increased radiation dose with careful selection of the exposure parameters the effective radiation dose can be comparable to that of conventional radiography. These case studies and examples of scanning techniques will demonstrate that whole body low dose multidetector CT is a viable alternative to the skeletal survey in patients with multiple myeloma and bone pain

  7. Oncogenic human papillomaviruses and ploidy in cervical lesions.

    OpenAIRE

    Rihet, S; Lorenzato, M; Clavel, C.

    1996-01-01

    AIM: To compare ploidy measurements obtained on tissue sections of selected low and high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions containing oncogenic HPV (types 16, 18 or 33) detected by in situ hybridisation (ISH) or PCR. METHODS: DNA ploidy was assessed by image cytometry after Feulgen staining of contiguous serial sections of eight lesions exhibiting atypical squamous cells or squamous atypia and 53 low and 63 high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in which HPV had been detected by ISH...

  8. Abnormal colposcopic images in patients with preinvasive cervical lesions

    OpenAIRE

    Adnan Babovi?; Dženita Ljuca; Gordana Bogdanovi?; Lejla Muminhodži?

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The objective of the study was to determine frequency and to compare frequency of the abnormal colposcopic images in patients with low and high grade pre-invasive lesions of cervix.Methods: Study includes 259 patients, whom colposcopic and cytological examination of cervix was done. The experimental group of patients consisted of patents with pre-invasive low grade squamousintraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), and the control group ...

  9. Heroin-associated lesions within the central nervous system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare patterns of heroin-associated lesions within the central nervous systems are described. In one case, magnetic resonance imaging revealed the combination of a border zone infarct within the thoracal spinal cord and a bilateral lesion within the globus pallidus. In a second case, cerebral border zone infarctions were observed which were attributed to a vasospasm of the basal cerebral arteries. Drug-abuse should be considered as a potential cause of these unusual manifestations of ischemic lesions in young patients. (orig.)

  10. Differential diagnosis of bilateral thalamic lesions; Differenzialdiagnose bilateral Thalamuslaesionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linn, J.; Brueckmann, H. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenchen (Germany). Abt. fuer Neuroradiologie; Hoffmann, L.A. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenchen (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Neuroimmunologie; Danek, A. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenchen (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Neurologie

    2007-03-15

    A multitude of different diseases can result in bilateral thalamic lesions. These include vascular pathologies requiring prompt therapeutic intervention, such as basilar thrombosis or thrombosis of the internal cerebral veins, as well as tumors, infectious or demyelinating diseases, and toxic-metabolic lesions. Therefore, detailed knowledge of the typical radiological findings for the various diseases is essential for determining the correct diagnosis. This review provides a synopsis of the radiological findings for the most important bithalamic lesions and an overview of the literature.

  11. CYTOLOGICAL FEATURES OF NON - NEOPLASTIC LESIONS OF THYROID: An overview

    OpenAIRE

    Dr Purushotham Krishnappa; Dr Sowmya Ramakrishnappa

    2013-01-01

    Thyroid disorders are one among the common clinical encounters, which range from congenital disorders to the malignant lesions. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid is accepted globally as the best screening tool to differentiate neoplastic versus non neoplastic lesions. The cytological features of the non-neoplastic disorders of thyroid have a good amount of overlap between them and with a few neoplastic lesions as well, thus leading to wrong interpretation and possible inappropriate mana...

  12. The histologic spectrum of apocrine lesions of the breast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trenki? Srbobran

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available New data on apocrine carcinoma of the breast, especially on its unusual pathogenesis, are the facts that justify this study. The aim of this study was to describe the morphological features in both benign apocrine lesions and invasive apocrine carcinomas of the breast. The following apocrine lesions were pointed out: cysts, metaplasia, adenosis, adenoma, borderline malignant lesion, intraductal carcinoma and invasive apocrine carcinoma. Surgical specimens of breast benign and malignant lesions were fixed in formalin, embedded in paraffin blocks and the slides were stained with HE, PAS and immuno- histochemical ABC complex methods, using primary antibodies against: p53, Ki-67, androgen receptor, and GCDFP-15. The criteria of apocrine lesions, as well as classification of apocrine carcinoma were pointed out also. In the discussion we cited literature data about incidence of apocrine lesions in the breast, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural and molecular characteristics of apocrine lesions focusing on differential diagnostic problems between apocrine and nonapocrine lesions, and benign versus malignant apocrine lesion. The authors have suggested that apocrine carcinoma represents unusual type of the breast carcinoma and which may origin from the following precancerous lesions: apocrine hyperplasia, apocrine adenosis, atypical apocrine adenosis and adenoma. Immunohistochemical markers for apocrine differentiation are: GCDFP-15 and androgen receptors. Ki-67 and p53 may be good markers for differentiation between benign and malignant breast apocrine lesions. Positively staining for androgen receptors, not only in apocrine carcinoma of the breast, but also in benign lesions, has led some authors to postulate a possible role of androgens in the stimulation of breast epithelium and the development of apocrine cells and apocrine carcinomas. However, in this stage the clinical significance remains uncertain and follow-up studies will be required to evaluate this issue.

  13. Perirhinal cortex lesions impair feature-negative discrimination?

    OpenAIRE

    Campolattaro, Matthew M.; Freeman, John H

    2006-01-01

    The role of the perirhinal cortex in inhibitory eyeblink conditioning was examined. In Experiment 1, rats were given lesions of the perirhinal cortex or control surgery and subsequently trained with a feature-negative discrimination procedure followed by summation and retardation tests for conditioned inhibition. Perirhinal cortex lesions impaired, but did not prevent acquisition of feature-negative discrimination. Results from the summation test showed that rats with perirhinal cortex lesion...

  14. Chernobyl-related Bladder Lesions: New Interpretation Required

    OpenAIRE

    Jargin, Sergei V.

    2014-01-01

    Some aspects of practical pathology in the former Soviet Union, having a potential impact on the diagnostic quality, as well as possible mechanisms of false-positive diagnostics of malignant and premalignant lesions after the Chernobyl accident were discussed previously. In particular, overdiagnosis appears probable in regard to the bladder lesions detected in the radio-contaminated areas. Some studies on the post-Chernobyl bladder lesions are valuable but require new interpretation. [J Inter...

  15. Case Series: Cyclops lesion - extension loss after ACL reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanda Sunita

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Localized anterior arthrofibrosis (cyclops lesion is the second most common cause of extension loss after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL reconstruction. We present and discuss two patients with prior ACL reconstructions, who presented with pain and loss of extension following surgery. MRI and arthroscopy of the knee revealed typical features of a cyclops lesion. The patients showed significant symptomatic improvement following arthroscopic resection of these lesions.

  16. Asbestos related pleuropulmonary lesions and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

    OpenAIRE

    Hillerdal, G

    1984-01-01

    Asbestos related lesions of the lung parenchyma and the pleura can be divided into three main types: parietal pleural plaques, diffuse interstitial fibrosis ("classical asbestosis"), and a third type of reaction affecting both the pleura and the lung parenchyma. The last type includes such lesions as acute pleurisy, diffuse pleural thickening, and rounded atelectasis. Among 1344 patients with asbestos related pleural lesions, 1190 had pleural plaques, 29 of whom also had pulmonary fibrosis (a...

  17. Detection activity assessment and diagnosis of dental caries lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braga, Mariana M; Mendes, Fausto M; Ekstrand, Kim R

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews the current methods for detection and assessment of caries lesions focusing on applicability for daily clinical practice. The end point is to arrive at a diagnosis for each caries lesion. Visual inspection aided by a ball-ended probe is essential for caries lesions assessment and the method must be used for all patients. Use of indices, for example, the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS), can improve the performance of this method. Using visual insp...

  18. Case Series: Cyclops lesion - extension loss after ACL reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Dhanda Sunita; Sanghvi Darshana; Pardiwala Dinshaw

    2010-01-01

    Localized anterior arthrofibrosis (cyclops lesion) is the second most common cause of extension loss after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. We present and discuss two patients with prior ACL reconstructions, who presented with pain and loss of extension following surgery. MRI and arthroscopy of the knee revealed typical features of a cyclops lesion. The patients showed significant symptomatic improvement following arthroscopic resection of these lesions.

  19. Therapy of bone metastatic lesions with radiopharmaceuticals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A large number of cancers in their advanced stage do send metastatic lesions to bones. In particular common cancers as breast cancer in women and prostatic cancers in men do cause severe bone involvement. Majority of bone metastases turn painful when they grow. They cause a very difficult clinical problem, which has not a satisfactory treatment for neither patient nor clinicians The common means of therapy has been chemotherapy, radiation therapy or their combination with heavy load of analgesic drugs. More recently radiopharmaceuticals have been suggested for pain relief. 89 Sr as chloride, 153Sm-EDTMP and 186Re-HEDP have been demonstrated being effective to reduce the pain. The very different pharmacokinetic features might affect their clinical use to limited patients groups or to allow wider applications

  20. Diversity of human papillomaviruses in skin lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekström, Johanna; Mühr, Laila Sara Arroyo; Bzhalava, Davit; Söderlund-Strand, Anna; Hultin, Emilie; Nordin, Peter; Stenquist, Bo; Paoli, John; Forslund, Ola; Dillner, Joakim

    2013-12-01

    Pools of frozen biopsies from patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (n=29) actinic keratosis (AK) (n=31), keratoacanthoma (n=91) and swab samples from 84 SCCs and 91 AKs were analysed with an extended HPV general primer PCR and high-throughput sequencing of amplimers. We found 273 different HPV isolates (87 known HPV types, 139 previously known HPV sequences (putative types) and 47 sequences from novel putative HPV types). Among the new sequences, five clustered in genus Betapapillomavirus and 42 in genus Gammapapillomavirus. Resequencing of the three pools between 21 to 70 times resulted in the detection of 283 different known or putative HPV types, with 156 different sequences found in only one of the pools. Type-specific PCRs for 37 putative types from an additional 296 patients found only two of these putative types. In conclusion, skin lesions contain a large diversity of HPV types, but most appeared to be rare infections. PMID:24210127

  1. Peripheral odontogenic fibroma: an uncommonly overviewed lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Carolina Amália Barcellos; Passador-Santos, Fabrício; Moraes, Paulo de Camargo; Soares, Andresa Borges; de Araújo, Vera Cavalcanti

    2013-05-01

    Peripheral odontogenic fibroma is considered a gingival tumor characterized by a proliferation of relatively cellular fibrous or fibromyxomatous connective tissue which exhibits variable amounts of odontogenic epithelium and sometimes foci of calcification in the form of dentinoid, cementicles, or bone. It is considered the extraosseous counterpart of central odontogenic fibroma. This lesion usually is presented as a focal swelling in the gingiva, occurring in a wide age range, and the anterior region of the gingiva is the most frequent anatomic site. Conservative local excision is the treatment frequently adopted and its recurrence rate varies widely, and its biologic behavior is still unknown. In this study, the authors discuss 3 cases of peripheral odontogenic fibroma, and present their clinical and histopathological features and management. PMID:23714966

  2. Psoralen-UVA-treated psoriatic lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Psoralen-ultraviolet light (PUVA)-treated psoriatic lesions were studied for ultrastructural changes. In early stages of treatment, sunburn cells in the epidermis and bizarre giant cells in the dermis were more frequently observed. When clinical improvement was apparent, these changes had subsided. Dermal abnormality in long-term therapy consisted of a thick perivascular cost of amorphous substance. No abnormality was found in the epidermal keratinocytes in long-term therapy, except a clustering and giant cell formation of melanocytes, a heavy melanization of keratinocytes, and hyperkeratosis. Low-dose initiation and slow increment of both 8-methoxypsoralen and UVA is probably a reasonable regimen for benign dermatoses such as psoriasis because it will allow enough time for the skin to become more protected, while the therapeutic results are as satisfactory as in a high-dose schedule

  3. Target lesions and other paintball injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbicca, Jennifer A; Hatch, Robert L

    2012-01-01

    Paintball is a popular combat game, with more than 5 million participants per year. As it has increased in popularity, the incidence of paintball-related injuries also has increased. The most common injuries are classic, benign skin lesions that are easily recognized if one is aware of them. Devastating eye injuries also may occur if participants do not wear face masks. Other reported injuries include musculoskeletal injuries, solid organ injuries, and vascular pseudoaneurysms. Rarely, paintball-related deaths have been reported. This article is the first to review the full spectrum of paintball injuries; in addition, the article emphasizes the importance of encouraging participants to adhere to appropriate safety measures, particularly wearing an appropriate face mask at all times during the game. PMID:22218634

  4. Central nervous system lesions leading to disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popovi? Dejan B.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The introductory tutorial to this special issue was written for readers with engineering background with the aim to provide the basis for comprehending better the natural motor control and the terminology used in description of impairments and disability caused by to CNS injuries and diseases. The tutorial aims to emphasize the differences between natural and artificial control, complexity of sensory-motor systems in humans, the high level of articulation redundancy, and the fact that all of the said systems are modified after the central nervous system lesion. We hope that the tutorial will simplify the following of the subsequent papers in this special issue dedicated to the use of electrical stimulation with surface electrodes for assisting motor functions.

  5. Percutaneous acetabuloplasty for metastatic acetabular lesions

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    Logroscino Giandomenico

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Osteolytic metastases around the acetabulum are frequent in tumour patients, and may cause intense and drug-resistant pain of the hip. These lesions also cause structural weakening of the pelvis, limping, and poor quality of life. Percutaneous acetabuloplasty is a mini-invasive procedure for the management of metastatic lesions due to carcinoma of the acetabulum performed in patients who cannot tolerate major surgery, or in patients towards whom radiotherapy had already proved ineffective. Methods We report a retrospective study in 25 such patients (30 acetabuli who were evaluated before and after percutaneous acetabuloplasty, with regard to pain, mobility of the hip joint, use of analgesics, by means of evaluation forms: Visual Analog Scale, Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index of Osteoarthritis (WOMAC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG. The results obtained were analysed using the ?2 Test and Fisher's exact test. Significance was sent at P Results Marked clinical improvement was observed in all patients during the first six post-operative months, with gradual a worsening thereafter from deterioration of their general condition. Complete pain relief was achieved in 15 of our 25 (59% of patients, and pain reduction was achieved in the remaining 10 (41% patients. The mean duration of pain relief was 7.3 months. Pain recurred in three patients (12% between 2 weeks to 3 months. No major complications occurred. There was transient local pain in most cases, and 2 cases of venous injection of cement without clinical consequences. Conclusion Percutaneous acetabuloplasty is effective in improving the quality of life of patients with osteolytic bone tumours, even though the improvement is observed during the first 6 months only. It can be an effective aid to chemo- and radiotherapy in the management of acetabular metastases.

  6. Coexistence of pheochromocytoma with uncommon vascular lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Kota

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas have been described to be associated with rare vascular abnormalities like renal artery stenosis. Coexistence of physiologically significant renal artery lesions is a compounding factor that alters management and prognosis of pheochromocytoma patients. Apart from individual case reports, data on such association in Indian population is not available. The aim of this study is to find the nature and prevalence of associated vascular abnormalities. Materials and Methods: From 1990 to 2010, a total of 50 patients were diagnosed with pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas. Hospital charts of these patients were reviewed retrospectively to identify those with unusual vascular abnormalities. Available literature was also reviewed. Results: Of the 50 patients with pheochromocytoma, 7 (14% had coexisting vascular lesions including renal artery stenosis in 4, aortoarteritis in 1, aortic aneurysm in 1 and inferior vena cava thrombosis in 1. Pheochromocytoma was adrenal in 42 and extra adrenal in 8. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was done in the patients. One patient with renal artery stenosis due to intimal fibrosis was subjected to percutaneous balloon angioplasty; the other three improved after adrenalectomy and lysis of fibrous adhesive bands. The patient with aortoarteritos was treated with oral steroids. Inferior vena cava thrombosis was reversed with anticoagulants. The patient with abdominal aortic aneurysm was advised for annual follow-up on account of its size of 4.5 cm and asymptomatic presentation. Conclusion: There are multiple mechanisms that can lead to renal artery stenosis and other vascular abnormalities in a case of pheochromocytoma. A high index of suspicion is necessary to enable both entities to be diagnosed preoperatively and allow proper planning of surgical therapy. Incomplete diagnosis may lead to persistent hypertension postoperatively in a case of associated renal artery stenosis.

  7. Sutura primaria en las lesiones traumáticas del colon Primary suture applied in the colonic traumatic lesions

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    Maribel Vicente Medina

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN. Las suturas digestivas siempre han sido una preocupación para los cirujanos por la gravedad de las complicaciones que pueden presentarse. Fue objetivo de esta presentación demostrar la factibilidad de la sutura primaria en el colon. MÉTODOS. Presentamos los resultados de un período de 14 meses en los cuales se realizaron 32 suturas primarias en el colon a causa de lesiones traumáticas. Los pacientes fueron atendidos en dos hospitales, uno provincial y otro nacional en la República de Yemen. Se tomaron como datos fundamentales el tipo de trauma, la parte afectada del colon, las lesiones asociadas, el tipo de operación en el colon, las demás operaciones asociadas o complementarias, así como el uso de antibióticos. RESULTADOS. Se estudiaron 32 pacientes con lesiones traumáticas de colon, 29 de ellos (90,62 % por arma de fuego. Otras causas fueron las heridas por arma blanca y los accidentes de tránsito. Un porcentaje elevado de los casos necesitó la intervención en órganos abdominales o la resección de estos. El índice de complicaciones fue bajo (6 pacientes con una sola dehiscencia y 2 fístulas. No hubo que lamentar fallecidos. CONCLUSIONES. Es factible obtener buenos resultados con este procedimiento, que a la vez evita la tan objetada y molesta para los pacientes colostomía, con mínimo riesgo para ellos.INTRODUCTION: Digestive sutures always have been a concern for surgeons due to severity of possible complications. Aim of present presentation was to show feasibility of colon primary suture. METHODS: Results achieved during 14 months are presented, in which we performed 12 primary sutures in colon due to traumatic lesions. Patients were seen in two hospitals, one al provincial level and the other at national level in Yemen Republic. We took as essential data the type of trauma, the involved portion of colon, associated lesions, type of surgery in colon, the other associated or complementary surgeries, as well as antibiotic use. RESULTS: Thirty two patients were studied presenting with traumatic colonic lesions, 29 of them by firearm. Other causes were wounds by cold steel, and road accidents. A high percentage of cases needed surgery of abdominal organs or its resection. Complication rate was low (6 patients with an only dehiscence and two fistulae. There was not deceased. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to achieve good results using this procedure, which also avoid the so objectionable and annoying colostomy for patients, with a minimal risk for them.

  8. Sutura primaria en las lesiones traumáticas del colon / Primary suture applied in the colonic traumatic lesions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maribel, Vicente Medina; Asbel, Vicente de la Cruz; Wilfredo, Vargas Borges; Manuel, Guerra Bazán.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN. Las suturas digestivas siempre han sido una preocupación para los cirujanos por la gravedad de las complicaciones que pueden presentarse. Fue objetivo de esta presentación demostrar la factibilidad de la sutura primaria en el colon. MÉTODOS. Presentamos los resultados de un período de [...] 14 meses en los cuales se realizaron 32 suturas primarias en el colon a causa de lesiones traumáticas. Los pacientes fueron atendidos en dos hospitales, uno provincial y otro nacional en la República de Yemen. Se tomaron como datos fundamentales el tipo de trauma, la parte afectada del colon, las lesiones asociadas, el tipo de operación en el colon, las demás operaciones asociadas o complementarias, así como el uso de antibióticos. RESULTADOS. Se estudiaron 32 pacientes con lesiones traumáticas de colon, 29 de ellos (90,62 %) por arma de fuego. Otras causas fueron las heridas por arma blanca y los accidentes de tránsito. Un porcentaje elevado de los casos necesitó la intervención en órganos abdominales o la resección de estos. El índice de complicaciones fue bajo (6 pacientes con una sola dehiscencia y 2 fístulas). No hubo que lamentar fallecidos. CONCLUSIONES. Es factible obtener buenos resultados con este procedimiento, que a la vez evita la tan objetada y molesta para los pacientes colostomía, con mínimo riesgo para ellos. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Digestive sutures always have been a concern for surgeons due to severity of possible complications. Aim of present presentation was to show feasibility of colon primary suture. METHODS: Results achieved during 14 months are presented, in which we performed 12 primary sutures in colon [...] due to traumatic lesions. Patients were seen in two hospitals, one al provincial level and the other at national level in Yemen Republic. We took as essential data the type of trauma, the involved portion of colon, associated lesions, type of surgery in colon, the other associated or complementary surgeries, as well as antibiotic use. RESULTS: Thirty two patients were studied presenting with traumatic colonic lesions, 29 of them by firearm. Other causes were wounds by cold steel, and road accidents. A high percentage of cases needed surgery of abdominal organs or its resection. Complication rate was low (6 patients with an only dehiscence and two fistulae). There was not deceased. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to achieve good results using this procedure, which also avoid the so objectionable and annoying colostomy for patients, with a minimal risk for them.

  9. Clinical evaluation of 'cold' lesion on bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone scintigraphy with sup(99m)Tc-phosphorous compound is very useful in the detection of early bone metastasis from malignant tumor. In general, bone metastasis is noticed as a hot lesion on the scintigram. But recently, bone metastasis with decreased uptake is sometimes reported. We also experienced such cases, so we would like to present them and to discuss their causes. ''Cold'' lesions on bone scintigraphy were seen in twenty-seven cases of malignant tumor with bone metastasis, while four cases revealed two or more lesions. Primary lesions were lung cancer (11/27, 41%), breast cancer (3/27, 11%), and so on. ''Cold'' lesions were located on the pelvis (8/32, 25%), rib (7/32, 22%), and on the other sites. ''Cold'' lesions not surrounded with hot lesion were seen on the thoracic spine and lumbar spine (7/12, 58%), but ''Cold'' lesions surrounded with hot lesion were observed on the skull, sternum, and pelvis (14/20, 70%). Osteolytic changes on the radiograph were seen on twenty-six sites (26/32, 81%), but on the others no abnormality was noticed (6/32, 19%). (author)

  10. Imaging findings of papillary breast lesions: A pictorial review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this review is to describe the different imaging appearances of benign and malignant papillary breast lesions on mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging, according to the World Health Organization histopathological classifications. The classification and morphological imaging characteristics of papillary lesions remain challenging for pathologists and radiologists. Despite the difficulty of classifying these lesions, our review and those of others suggest that morphology is associated with clinically meaningful staging and outcome implications. Imaging can help to differentiate the forms of papillary lesion, but surgical specimens are required for definitive diagnosis in the majority of cases

  11. Imaging appearance of granulomatous lesions of head and neck

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We aim to review the imaging appearance of granulomatous lesions of the head and neck. Granulomatous lesions are seen in different regions of the head and neck and a difficult diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. Infective granulomas may be due to bacterial or fungal agents. Non-infective granulomas are Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, chemical granuloma and reparative giant cell granuloma. Familiarity with the clinical presentation and imaging features of these lesions can suggest diagnosis in some cases. CT and MR imaging demonstrate the exact location, extension and effect on surrounding structures. A thorough knowledge of age, gender, common location, clinical features and imaging appearance of granulomatous lesions are important for diagnosis.

  12. ROC demonstrated improvement in lesion detectability using asymmetric photopeak windows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ROC analysis was used to measure the improvement in cold lesion detectability for a scintillation camera with asymmetric high photopeak windows. Eight radiologists and three physicists participated in the ROC study. The readers evaluated six image sets representing two lesion diameters, 2.5. and 2.2 cm, each imaged using three photopeak windows: symmetric, and 10 and 20% asymmetric. The ''lesions'' were suspended in a 10 cm deep solution of Tc-99m with 5 cm of added scatter. Each image set was comprised of 200 films equally divided between lesion and background. Differences between the areas under the ROC curves (detectability parameter) were compared using a two-sided paired t-test. Three of the asymmetric window sets demonstrated lesion detectability improvement over the corresponding symmetric window sets and were statistically significant at greater than the 95% confidence level, while the fourth asymmetric window set (20%; 2.2 cm lesion) was in the 90-95% confidence range. The confidence range was only 20-40% that a difference existed between corresponding asymmetric window image sets. For fixed true positive values, composite ROC curves for the 2.2 cm lesion at 20% asymmetry showed a higher false positive rate than a symmetrical window at false positive rates up to 0.15. This study demonstrates the improvement in cold lesion detectability with the use of asymmetric photopeak windows but also shows an increase in the false positive rate for small lesions near the limit of detectability

  13. Magnetic resonance imaging of intracranial lesions of tuberous sclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Six patients with tuberous sclerosis were evaluated with computed cranial tomography (CCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The results were assessed in comparison with the clinical severity of the disease. The brain lesions were shown by MRI as low-signal areas on IR images (T1 weighted sequences) and high-signal areas on SE images (T2 weighted sequences). Three patients, who had severe psychomotor retardation (DQ70) and epileptic seizures were well controlled, and small subependymal lesions were observed. Cortical lesions were rare. These results indicate that MRI can detect more precisely intracranial lesions in tuberous sclerosis. (author)

  14. Diffusion-weighted imaging in characterization of cystic pancreatic lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandrasegaran, K., E-mail: ksandras@iupui.edu [Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Akisik, F.M.; Patel, A.A.; Rydberg, M. [Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Cramer, H.M.; Agaram, N.P. [Department of Pathology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Schmidt, C.M. [Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    2011-09-15

    Aim: To evaluate whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can characterize or predict the malignant potential of cystic pancreatic lesions. Materials and methods: Retrospective review of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) database over a 2-year period revealed 136 patients with cystic pancreatic lesions. Patients with DWI studies and histological confirmation of cystic mass were included. In patients with known pancreatitis, lesions with amylase content of >1000 IU/l that resolved on subsequent scans were included as pseudocysts. ADC of cystic lesions was measured by two independent reviewers. These values were then compared to categorize these lesions as benign or malignant using conventional MRI sequences. Results: Seventy lesions were analysed: adenocarcinoma (n = 4), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN; n = 28), mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN; n = 9), serous cystadenoma (n = 16), and pseudocysts (n = 13). There was no difference between ADC values of malignant and non-malignant lesions (p = 0.06), between mucinous and serous tumours (p = 0.12), or between IPMN and MCN (p = 0.42). ADC values for low-grade IPMN were significantly higher than those for high-grade or invasive IPMN (p = 0.03). Conclusion: ADC values may be helpful in deciding the malignant potential of IPMN. However, they are not useful in differentiating malignant from benign lesions or for characterizing cystic pancreatic lesions.

  15. Rotator Cuff Lesions with Shoulder Stiffness: Updated Pathomechanisms and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng-Sheng Wang

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Few previous studies have investigated the pathomechanism and managements of rotator cuff lesions with shoulderstiffness. Based on observations by Codman in 1934, frozenshoulder presumably relates to rotator cuff tendenitis. In thepast six decades, tended to discriminate primary frozen shoulder from secondary shoulder stiffness due to shoulder disorders such as rotator cuff lesions or trauma. Intrinsic degeneration and outlet acromial spur impingement are reported aspathogenic causes of rotator cuff lesion. Although patientswith rotator cuff lesions with shoulder stiffness or adhesivecapsulitis (frozen shoulder may have similar complaintsabout pain and motion limitation, the pathological reactions inthese disorders remain unclear. In our investigation of clinicalvignettes of shoulder stiffness, inflammation-mediated adhesions in the subacromial bursa in rotator cuff lesions, andchanges in inflammatory cytokine levels have been linked to myofibroblast recruitment inthe subacromial bursa. Our study provides the first indication that increased interleukin -1?expression and myofibroblast recruitment in the subacromial bursa are correlated with rotator cuff lesions with shoulder stiffness. Increased inflammatory cytokine concentrations inthe lesions also provide new molecular insight into the pathological role of the subacromialbursa in the development of shoulder stiffness in rotator cuff lesions. Although rotator cuffrepair is a shoulder-tightening procedure and is not recommended until resolution of theshoulder stiffness in rotator cuff lesions with stiff shoulder, our clinical evidence-based survey suggests that a combined procedure of manipulation, lysis of adhesions, acromioplasty,and rotator cuff repair is a useful procedure if the symptoms do not improve 3 months ofaggressive rehabilitation.

  16. Small white matter lesion detection in cerebral small vessel disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghafoorian, Mohsen; Karssemeijer, Nico; van Uden, Inge; de Leeuw, Frank E.; Heskes, Tom; Marchiori, Elena; Platel, Bram

    2015-03-01

    Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a common finding on magnetic resonance images of elderly people. White matter lesions (WML) are important markers for not only the small vessel disease, but also neuro-degenerative diseases including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Volumetric measurements such as the "total lesion load", have been studied and related to these diseases. With respect to SVD we conjecture that small lesions are important, as they have been observed to grow over time and they form the majority of lesions in number. To study these small lesions they need to be annotated, which is a complex and time-consuming task. Existing (semi) automatic methods have been aimed at volumetric measurements and large lesions, and are not suitable for the detection of small lesions. In this research we established a supervised voxel classification CAD system, optimized and trained to exclusively detect small WMLs. To achieve this, several preprocessing steps were taken, which included a robust standardization of subject intensities to reduce inter-subject intensity variability as much as possible. A number of features that were found to be well identifying small lesions were calculated including multimodal intensities, tissue probabilities, several features for accurate location description, a number of second order derivative features as well as multi-scale annular filter for blobness detection. Only small lesions were used to learn the target concept via Adaboost using random forests as its basic classifiers. Finally the results were evaluated using Free-response receiver operating characteristic.

  17. Measuring femoral lesions despite CT metal artefacts: a cadaveric study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malan, Daniel F. [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Leiden (Netherlands); Delft University of Technology, Department of Mediamatics, EEMCS, P.O. Box 5031, Delft (Netherlands); Botha, Charl P. [Delft University of Technology, Department of Mediamatics, EEMCS, P.O. Box 5031, Delft (Netherlands); Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Leiden (Netherlands); Kraaij, Gert; Heide, Huub J.L. van der; Nelissen, Rob G.H.H. [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Leiden (Netherlands); Joemai, Raoul M.S. [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Leiden (Netherlands); Valstar, Edward R. [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Leiden (Netherlands); Delft University of Technology, Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Delft (Netherlands)

    2012-05-15

    Computed tomography is the modality of choice for measuring osteolysis but suffers from metal-induced artefacts obscuring periprosthetic tissues. Previous papers on metal artefact reduction (MAR) show qualitative improvements, but their algorithms have not found acceptance for clinical applications. We investigated to what extent metal artefacts interfere with the segmentation of lesions adjacent to a metal femoral implant and whether metal artefact reduction improves the manual segmentation of such lesions. We manually created 27 periprosthetic lesions in 10 human cadaver femora. We filled the lesions with a fibrotic interface tissue substitute. Each femur was fitted with a polished tapered cobalt-chrome prosthesis and imaged twice - once with the metal, and once with a substitute resin prosthesis inserted. Metal-affected CTs were processed using standard back-projection as well as projection interpolation (PI) MAR. Two experienced users segmented all lesions and compared segmentation accuracy. We achieved accurate delineation of periprosthetic lesions in the metal-free images. The presence of a metal implant led us to underestimate lesion volume and introduced geometrical errors in segmentation boundaries. Although PI MAR reduced streak artefacts, it led to greater underestimation of lesion volume and greater geometrical errors than without its application. CT metal artefacts impair image segmentation. PI MAR can improve subjective image appearance but causes loss of detail and lower image contrast adjacent to prostheses. Our experiments showed that PI MAR is counterproductive for manual segmentation of periprosthetic lesions and should be used with care. (orig.)

  18. Automated detection of multiple sclerosis lesions in serial brain MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Llado, Xavier; Ganiler, Onur; Oliver, Arnau; Marti, Robert; Freixenet, Jordi [University of Girona, Computer Vision and Robotics Group, Girona (Spain); Valls, Laia [Dr. Josep Trueta University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Girona (Spain); Vilanova, Joan C. [Girona Magnetic Resonance Center, Girona (Spain); Ramio-Torrenta, Lluis [Dr. Josep Trueta University Hospital, Institut d' Investigacio Biomedica de Girona, Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology Unit, Girona (Spain); Rovira, Alex [Vall d' Hebron University Hospital, Magnetic Resonance Unit, Department of Radiology, Barcelona (Spain)

    2012-08-15

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a serious disease typically occurring in the brain whose diagnosis and efficacy of treatment monitoring are vital. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently used in serial brain imaging due to the rich and detailed information provided. Time-series analysis of images is widely used for MS diagnosis and patient follow-up. However, conventional manual methods are time-consuming, subjective, and error-prone. Thus, the development of automated techniques for the detection and quantification of MS lesions is a major challenge. This paper presents an up-to-date review of the approaches which deal with the time-series analysis of brain MRI for detecting active MS lesions and quantifying lesion load change. We provide a comprehensive reference source for researchers in which several approaches to change detection and quantification of MS lesions are investigated and classified. We also analyze the results provided by the approaches, discuss open problems, and point out possible future trends. Lesion detection approaches are required for the detection of static lesions and for diagnostic purposes, while either quantification of detected lesions or change detection algorithms are needed to follow up MS patients. However, there is not yet a single approach that can emerge as a standard for the clinical practice, automatically providing an accurate MS lesion evolution quantification. Future trends will focus on combining the lesion detection in single studies with the analysis of the change detection in serial MRI. (orig.)

  19. Imaging of soft tissue lesions of the foot and ankle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bancroft, Laura W; Peterson, Jeffrey J; Kransdorf, Mark J

    2008-11-01

    Differential diagnosis of soft tissue lesions of the foot can be narrowed with imaging. The cystic nature of ganglia, synovial cysts, and bursitis can be confirmed with MR imaging or sonography. Location and signal characteristics of noncystic lesions can suggest Morton's neuroma, giant cell tumor of tendon sheath, and plantar fibromatosis. Synovial-based lesions of the foot and ankle can be differentiated based on presence or absence of mineralization, lesion density, signal intensity, and enhancement pattern. Knowledge of the incidence of specific neoplasms of the foot and ankle based on patient age aids in providing a limited differential diagnosis. PMID:19038615

  20. Achieving Control of Lesion Growth in CNS with Minimal Damage

    CERN Document Server

    Raja, Mathankumar

    2012-01-01

    Lesions in central nervous system (CNS) and their growth leads to debilitating diseases like Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's etc. We developed a model earlier which shows how the lesion growth can be arrested through a beneficial auto-immune mechanism. The success of the approach depends on a set of control parameters and their phase space was shown to have a smooth manifold separating the uncontrolled lesion growth region from the controlled. Here we show that an optimal set of parameter values exist which minimizes system damage while achieving control of lesion growth.

  1. Lesion of 'Posterior Kantenabtrennung' identified clearly by using C.T. for surgical approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ''Posterior Kantenabtrennung'' is a rare disorder. Recently, we have experience an operation of the disorder. The chief complaint of the patient was low back pain radiating to the leg. On physical examination, straight leg raising test was positive at 30 degrees on the right. MMT of the right anterior tibialis was graded as poor. Sesation and reflex were intact. Radiographic examination demonstrated a scleosis at the inferior border of L4 as well a bony fragment projecting posteriorly into the spinal canal. Myelography revealed complete blockage just the L4-L5 interspace. Discography showed Schmorl's nodes of L4 and L5 vertebral bodies. Computed Tomography disclosed equally divided two bony fragments, associated with the postero-inferior angle defect of L4 vertebral body. These two bony fragments detached from L4 vertevral body were partially removed by performing laminectomy. (author)

  2. Lesiones purpúricas en dorso nasal, pabellones auriculares y dedos / Purpuric lesions in the nasal dorsum, ears and fingers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paola, Maldonado Cid; Elena, Sendagorta Cudós; Lucero, Noguera Morel; Pedro, Herranz Pinto.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de un paciente con lesiones purpúricas en regiones acrales. El diagnóstico diferencial de este tipo de lesiones incluye patologías muy variadas, por lo que debe remitirse al paciente de forma urgente/preferente para valoración por un dermatólogo. Se debe realizar un estudio compl [...] eto que debe incluir analítica con perfil inmunológico y biopsia cutánea. En poco tiempo las lesiones evolucionaron a la forma clínica típica de lupus discoide y respondieron de forma favorable al tratamiento instaurado. Abstract in english We report a patient with purpuric lesions at acral sites. The differential diagnosis of this type of lesion includes a wide variety diseases, so every patient must be urgently/preferentially referred for a dermatologic evaluation. A complete study must be performed including a blood test with immuno [...] logical parameters and a skin biopsy. In a very short time the lesions developed into the typical clinical form of discoid lupus, and responded favourably to treatment

  3. Intramedullary lumbar lesion mimicking spinal cord tumor: a case of non-neoplastic intramedullary spinal cord lesion

    OpenAIRE

    SOLMAZ, ?lker; Önal, Mehmet B.; Civelek, Erdinç; ?irin, Sait; Kahraman, Serdar

    2010-01-01

    Non-neoplastic intramedullary spinal lesion cases are rarely seen in the literature. We would like to present this case for differential diagnosis of intramedullary spinal tumors. The aim of this case report is to attract attention on the MRI findings with lack of contrast enhancement and long syrinx formation which differs these types of lesions from the intramedullary spinal tumors. Intraoperative, pathological and immunohistochemical findings of non-neoplastic intramedullary spinal lesion ...

  4. Red lesion detection using background estimation and lesions characteristics in diabetic retinal image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dongbo; Peng, Yinghui; Yi, Yao; Shang, Xingyu

    2013-10-01

    Detection of red lesions [hemorrhages (HRs) and microaneurysms (MAs)] is crucial for the diagnosis of early diabetic retinopathy. A method based on background estimation and adapted to specific characteristics of HRs and MAs is proposed. Candidate red lesions are located by background estimation and Mahalanobis distance measure and then some adaptive postprocessing techniques, which include vessel detection, nonvessel exclusion based on shape analysis, and noise points exclusion by double-ring filter (only used for MAs detection), are conducted to remove nonlesion pixels. The method is evaluated on our collected image dataset, and experimental results show that it is better than or approximate to other previous approaches. It is effective to reduce the false-positive and false-negative results that arise from incomplete and inaccurate vessel structure.

  5. Ocular lesions and experimental choline deficiency Lesiones oculares y deficiencia experimental de colina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgina P. Ossani

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have shown ocular haemorrhages in choline-deficient rats. The aim of this paper is to study further the relationship between ocular and renal lesions and biochemical alterations in rats fed a choline-deficient diet. Fifty one weanling male Wistar rats, were divided into two groups. Thirty one of them were fed a choline-deficient diet and the rest was fed a choline-supplemented diet ad libitum. Animals from both groups were killed between the fifth and the eighth day. Urea, creatinine and homocysteine concentrations in blood were determined. Eyes were used for light microscopy study; high resolution light microscopy and the study of the retina as "rétine a plat". Kidneys were studied by light microscopy. Choline-supplemented rats did not show ocular or renal lesion. Choline-deficient rats that showed renal lesions, tubular or cortical necrosis, did not always have ocular changes. There were no ocular changes in the only choline-deficient rat without renal lesion. The ocular changes consisted mainly in haemorrhage in both cameras and ciliary and vitreous bodies. Correlations between ocular and renal lesion (r=0.72, pEstudios previos han demostrado hemorragia ocular en ratas deficientes en colina. El objetivo de este trabajo es profundizar en la relación entre las alteraciones oculares, renales y bioquímicas en ratas deficientes en colina. Cincuenta y una ratas Wistar macho recién destetadas fueron divididas en dos grupos: treinta y una fueron alimentadas con una dieta colino deficiente y el resto con colina suplementada ad-libitum. Los animales de ambos grupos fueron sacrificados entre el quinto y el octavo día. Se midió la concentración de urea, creatinina y homocisteína en sangre. Los ojos fueron estudiados por microscopía de luz, microscopía óptica de alta resolución y para el estudio de la retina como retina plana. Los riñones fueron estudiados por microscopía de luz. Las ratas suplementadas con colina no mostraron lesiones oculares o renales. Las colino deficientes que mostraron lesiones renales, necrosis tubular o cortical, no siempre tuvieron cambios oculares. No se encontraron cambios oculares en la única rata deficiente en colina sin lesión renal. Los cambios oculares consistieron principalmente en hemorragia en ambas cámaras, cuerpo ciliar y vítreo. La correlación entre la lesión ocular y renal (r=0.72, p<0.0001, CI 95%: 0.48-0.86, lesión ocular y creatinina (r=0.86, p<0.0001, CI 95%: 0.72-0.93 y lesión ocular y urea (r=0.70, p<0.0001, CI 95%: 0.44-0.85 fue positiva. La deficiencia de colina induce lesiones oculares luego del desarrollo de la necrosis renal. La patología ocular podría ser debida a la inmadurez de los vasos oculares. El sistema hialoide, coroideo y retinal están involucrados.

  6. Classification of acquired lesions of the corpus callosum with MRI

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    Friese, S.A.; Bitzer, M.; Voigt, K.; Kueker, W. [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Neuroradiologie; Freudenstein, D. [Department of Neurosurgery, Eberhard-Karls-University Tuebingen (Germany)

    2000-11-01

    MRI has facilitated diagnostic assessment of the corpus callosum. Diagnostic classification of solitary or multiple lesions of the corpus callosum has not attracted much attention, although signal abnormalities are not uncommon. Our aim was to identify characteristic imaging features of lesions frequently encountered in practice. We reviewed the case histories of 59 patients with lesions shown on MRI. The nature of the lesions was based on clinical features and/or long term follow-up (ischaemic 20, Virchow-Robin spaces 3, diffuse axonal injury 7, multiple sclerosis 11, hydrocephalus 5, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis 5, Marchiafava-Bignami disease 4, lymphoma 2, glioblastoma hamartoma each 1). The location in the sagittal plane, the relationship to the borders of the corpus callosum and midline and the size were documented. The 20 ischaemic lesions were asymmetrical but adjacent to the midline; the latter was involved in new or large lesions. Diffuse axonal injury commonly resulted in large lesions, which tended to be asymmetrical; the midline and borders of the corpus callosum were always involved. Lesions in MS were small, at the lower border of the corpus callosum next to the septum pellucidum, and crossed the midline asymmetrically. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and the other perivenous inflammatory diseases caused relatively large, asymmetrical lesions. Hydrocephalus resulted in lesions of the upper part of the corpus callosum, and mostly in its posterior two thirds; they were found in the midline. Lesions in Marchiafava-Bignami disease were large, often symmetrically in the midline in the splenium and did not reach the edge of the corpus callosum. (orig.)

  7. Clinical course of subepithelial lesions detected on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy

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    Yeun Jung Lim, Hee Jung Son, Jong-Soo Lee, Young Hye Byun, Hyun Joo Suh, Pool Lyul Rhee, Jae J Kim, Jong Chul Rhee

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the natural history of subepithelial lesions.METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 104?159 patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at the Center for Health Promotion of Samsung Medical Center between 1996 and 2003. Subepithelial lesions were detected in 795 patients (0.76%; 252 patients were followed using upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for 82.5 ± 29.2 mo (range, 12-160 mo; median, 84 mo; 1st quartile, 60 mo; 3rd quartile, 105 mo. The median interval of follow-up endoscopy was 12 mo (range, 6-105 mo; 1st quartile, 12 mo; 3rd quartile, 24 mo.RESULTS: The mean patient age was 53 years (range, 22-80 years, and the male-to-female ratio was 2.36:1 (177/75. The lesion size at initial measurement averaged 8.9 mm (range, 2-25 mm; median, 8 mm; 1st quartile, 5 mm; 3rd quartile, 10 mm. Of the 252 lesions, 244 (96.8% were unchanged and 8 (3.2% were significantly increased in size (from 12.9 ± 6.0 to 21.2 ± 12.2 mm after a mean interval of 59.1 ± 27.5 mo (range, 12-86 mo. Surgical resection of lesions was performed when the lesions were ? 3 cm in diameter. Two lesions were diagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors with an intermediate or high risk of malignancy and one lesion was classified as a schwannoma.CONCLUSION: Most small subepithelial lesions do not change as shown by endoscopic examination, and regular follow-up with endoscopy may be considered in small, subepithelial lesions, especially lesions < 1 cm in size.

  8. Uso de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para Borrelia burgdorferi en lesiones de esclerodermia localizada (Morfea), en pacientes venezolanos / Using the polymerase chain reaction to Borrelia burgdorferi infection in localized scleroderma injure (morphea), in Venezuelan patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fabiola, Espinoza-León; Francisco, Arocha; Manzur, Hassanhi; Julio, Arévalo.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Borrelia burgdorferi es el agente causal de Borreliosis de Lyme, una enfermedad infecciosa multisistémica transmitida al humano por la picadura de garrapatas del género Ixodes. En los últimos años se ha postulado una posible asociación entre ésta espiroqueta y esclerodermia localizada (morfea). Sin [...] embargo, los datos publicados no han proporcionado pruebas inequívocas de tal asociación. En Suramérica, incluida Venezuela (estado Zulia) se han detectado pruebas serológicas positivas en pacientes con morfea. El objetivo de este estudio fue buscar evidencia definitiva de la infección por Borrelia burgdorferi en pacientes con morfea, mediante la detección del ADN bacteriano en muestras de piel. En los 21 pacientes la PCR resultó negativa. La ausencia de amplificación de la secuencia blanco seleccionada en las muestras estudiadas no apoyan una asociación entre la infección por Borrelia burgdorferi y las lesiones escleróticas de morfea, pero tampoco descartan la posibilidad de una relación entre morfea y una genoespecie desconocida del complejo Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, entre morfea y una especie diferente de Borrelia o entre morfea y otra espiroqueta, como agente etiológico de la lesión en la localidad. Abstract in english Borrelia burgdorferi is the causative agent of Lyme Borreliosis, an infectious multisystemic disease transmitted to humans by the Ixodes ticks bite. A possible association of Borrelia burgdorferi with localized scleroderma has been postulated. However, published data do not provide unequivocal resul [...] ts. Previus serologic analysis of patients with localized scleroderma in South American countries (including Venezuela), have been reported as yielding some reactivity. The present study looked for evidence of Borrelia burgdorferi infection in venezuelan patients with localized scleroderma, using the polymerase chain reaction to analyze 21 skin samples of patients with this skin condition. The results were negative in all the samples studied. Our data do not support an association of Borrelia burgdorferi infection and the sclerotic lesions of localized scleroderma; but do not rule out the possibility of a relationship between localized scleroderma and an unknown geno-specie of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, a different Borrelia specie or a different spirochetal organism, as the etiological agents of the skin lesions in this area.

  9. Comparison the Accuracy of the Cone-Beam Computed Tomography With Digital Direct Intraoral Radiography, in Assessment of Periodontal Osseous Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moradi Haghgoo

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Radiography is as a part of periodontal examination. Early detection of periodontal disease is important in the prevention of tooth loss and patient’s general health. Objectives The objective of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT with digital direct intraoral radiography, in assessment of periodontal osseous lesions. Materials and Methods Fifty interproximal bone losses were evaluated in this study. First, direct digital intraoral radiography (Sopro-La Ciotat-France was taken, and then CBCT (Newtom 3G, Verona. Italy was carried out. Periodontal flap surgery was done to achieve the gold standard. The distance between cementoenamel junction (CEJ and the bottom of the vertical pattern of bone loss or the most coronal level of bone in horizontal pattern was measured. These measurements were analyzed by paired t test. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC was used to evaluate the degree of agreement between observers. Results Accuracy is higher with CBCT in evaluating vertical dimension of periodontal bony defects (0.53 ± 0.59 to 0.56 ± 0.45 (P < 0.001. ICC shows high level of agreement between observers in two image modality. Conclusions We conclude that CBCT and digital images can be used in periodontal bone assessments; each modality should be chosen based on defect type and patient’s specific characteristics.

  10. Treatment of endodontically induced periapical lesions using hydroxyapatite, platelet-rich plasma, and a combination of both: An in vivo study

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    C Vaishnavi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim and Objectives : To evaluate bone regeneration in endodontically induced periapical lesions using Hydroxyapatite, Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP, and a combination of Hydroxyapatite and Platelet-Rich Plasma for a period of one year. Materials and Methods : Twenty systemically healthy patients of both genders between the ages 20 and 40 years were included. To qualify, the patient had to have a tooth where non-surgical root canal therapy had failed, periapical radiolucency was present, and periapical root end surgery was required. The bony defect had to be confined to the apical area, with the bone covering the entire root surface coronally, with an intact lingual cortical plate. Patients were randomly divided into four groups, with five patients each, as follows: Group I - Replacement with Hydroxyapatite, Group II - Replacement with PRP, Group III - Replacement with PRP and Hydroxyapatite, and Group IV - Control group with no substitutes. The patients were evaluated both clinically and radiographically. Results : The radiographic evaluation revealed that Group I patients showed complete bone regeneration with evidence of a trabecular pattern, at the end of one year, Group II patients showed complete bone regeneration at the end of nine months, Group III patients showed complete bone regeneration at the end of six months, and Group IV patients showed bone regeneration, which was not satisfactory even after one year. Conclusions : The PRP and Hydroxyapatite combination facilitated better and faster bone regeneration when compared to PRP alone.

  11. Biopsy results of Bosniak 2F and 3 cystic lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, René; HØrlyck, Arne

    Purpose: The distinction between benign and malignant complex cystic renal lesions remains a challenge. Bosniak 2F lesions are often followed with repeated CT for a minimum of five years, often entailing a high exposure to radiation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether biopsy could be helpful in clinical decisions. Material and Methods: From March 2013 - December 2014 a total of 295 percutaneous ultrasound guided biopsies from 287 patients with a suspected malignant renal lesion were performed at our institution. All cases were reviewed in PACS by (RR) and lesions presenting with a cystic change were re-evaluated and re-categorized after the Bosniak classification system. The re-evaluation and re-categorization was performed in consensus by a junior radiologist (RR) and an uro-radiological expert (OG). Results: Biopsies from eighteen Bosniak 2F cystic lesions were pathologically analyzed and three (17%) proved to be malignant. Biopsies from seventeen Bosniak 3 cystic lesions were pathologically analyzed and five (29%) were found to be malignant. Conclusion: Our results reveal a considerable malignancy rate among both Bosniak 2F and 3 cystic renal lesions. Biopsy seems to be a useful diagnostic tool prior to planning of an imaging follow-up programme for Bosniak 2F lesions.

  12. Choroidal neovascularization secondary to choroidal nevus simulating an inflammatory lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuray Tuncer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Choroidal nevi are the most common benign pigmented lesions of the fundus. Choroidal neovascularization is a rare complication of choroidal nevi. We report herein a young patient managed successfully with intravitreal bevacizumab injections for juxtapapillary choroidal neovascularization secondary to choroidal nevus simulating an inflammatory lesion.

  13. Resorptive tooth root lesions in the Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Da Silva, Mari-Ann O; Kortegaard, Hanne E; Choong, Siew Shean; Arnbjerg, Jens; Bertelsen, Mads F

    2011-03-01

    Facial abscessation and osteomyelitis due to dental disease is commonly seen in the Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), but little is known about the prevalence or etiology of these lesions. To determine the prevalence of dental ailments, 56 skulls and mandibles of deceased Malayan tapirs were visually and radiographically evaluated. Dental lesions were scored according to severity, and individuals were classified according to their age (juvenile/ young adult/adult) and origin (captive/free ranging). All of the lesions identified were of a resorptive nature. seemingly originating at the cementoenamel junction and burrowing towards the center of the tooth. Overall, 27% of the investigated skulls presented radiolucent dental lesions. The prevalence among captive animals was 52% (13/25), while only 6% (2/31) of the free-ranging tapirs had dental lesions. The second, third, and fourth premolars and first molar were the teeth most commonly affected, and the mandibular teeth were more often involved than the maxillary dentition. This study demonstrates a high prevalence of resorptive dental lesions in captive Malayan tapirs and provides a strong indication that age and captivity are significant risk factors in the development of these lesions. Dental disease, Malayan tapir, radiology, resorptive lesions, Tapirus indicus. PMID:22946368

  14. Premalignant Laryngeal Lesions: Twenty-Year Experience in Specialized Service

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Daniel D., Avila; Jeferson, D' Ávila; Carlos, Góis; Luíza, Barretta.

    Full Text Available Introduction Premalignant lesions are considered both a hyperplastic and dysplastic stage of epithelial lesions in the glottic larynx that may or may not progress into an invasive carcinoma. The evolution of laryngoscopic procedures in outpatients has provided better access to important information [...] for safe and easy diagnosis of laryngeal pathologies. Objective The goal of this study was to determine the accuracy of the preoperative exam for diagnosis of premalignant laryngeal lesions and their connection with benign diseases of the vocal folds, as well as to assess their epidemiologic characteristics. Methods This is a retrospective and longitudinal cohort study performed through the review of surgical records of patients who underwent laryngeal microsurgery performed by a single surgeon from 1990 to 2009. Results Preoperative assessment of outpatients was 64.4% accurate. Vocal fold cysts were the most frequently associated benign lesions. The patients who apparently had premalignant lesions represented 10.57% of those who underwent laryngeal microsurgery. Premalignant lesions prevailed in men (69.49%) age from 41 to 50 years (32.20%). Conclusion Although the evolution of laryngoscopic procedures in outpatients has provided better access to important information for safe and easy diagnosis of laryngeal pathologies, about one-third of premalignant lesions are diagnosed just during the laryngeal microsurgery. Cysts were the most prevalent concomitant benign lesion of the vocal folds. Males were more prevalent than females and the predominant age bracket was between 41 and 50 years.

  15. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF THYROID LESIONS IN WARDHA DISTRICT OF CENTRAL INDIA

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    Samarth Shukla

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIMS: To establish a significant predominance of thyroid lesions in and around Wardha district, and to establish specific etiological link for the predominance the thyroid lesions. MATERIALS AND METHOD S : This was a hospital based analytical prospective study, conducted in Acharya Vinobha Bhave Rural Hospital (A.V.B.R.H. involving 108 patients. The study was carried over a duration of 1 year January 2010 to December 2010. Patients attending endocrinological clinics and the newly detected cases of thyroid lesions, within set parameters of study, were the subjects of this study. OBSERVATION: Thyroid lesions which we came across in the course of the study were Thyrotoxicosis, Myxoedema, Thyroiditis, Diffuse goitre, Nodular Goitre and Carcinoma Thyroid . These were correlated with epidemiological factors like Age, Sex, Region, Diet and Iodine Intake. Significant relationship between thyroid function, age of patient, diet was seen in comparison to individual thyroid lesions. CONCLUSION : G oitre was the commest pathology encountered . Almost all of the thyroid lesions were of hypothyroid in their function with exception of thyrotoxicosis and carcinoma. Thyroid lesions were found predominantly in females, Age related lesion pathology was significant, and vegetarian and non - vegetarian diets along with low and high iodine salt uptake had obvious pathological effects on thyroid

  16. A study on the mixed jaw lesions associated with teeth

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1. Retrospectively evaluate the accuracy of tentative diagnosis or impression from the clinico-radiographic materials of jaw lesions which showed mixed lesions associated with teeth. 2. To observe the diagnostic importance of the calcified part of the lesions which appear as radiopaque areas. 14 cases of jaw lesions which showed mixed lesions associated with teeth were reviewed. These lesions were mostly diagnosed as adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (6 cases) or calcifying odontogenic cysts with (4 cases) or without odontomas (4 cases). The calcified elements of the lesions which demonstrated various sizes and patterns of radiopaque shadows resembled odontoid tissues in some cases but could not be defined in some other cases radiographically. The final histopathologic diagnosis confirmed adenomatoid odontogenic tumors in 4 of the 6 cases. The remaining 2 cases turned out to be odontoma and ameloblastic fibroodontoma. The 4 cases of calcifying odontogenic cysts with odontomas were correct in 3 cases but remaining 1 case was just odontoma. The 4 cases of calcifying odontogenic cysts were proved to be odontogenic keratocyst, calcified peripheral fibroma, unicystic ameloblastoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The diagnostic accuracy of the adenomatoid odontogenic tumors and calcifying odontogenic cysts were high when the lesions show typical appearance. The calcifications which show radiopaque areas could be odontomas or dystrophic calficifations or remnants of bone fragments from resorption.

  17. A study on the mixed jaw lesions associated with teeth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo [Dept. of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-03-15

    1. Retrospectively evaluate the accuracy of tentative diagnosis or impression from the clinico-radiographic materials of jaw lesions which showed mixed lesions associated with teeth. 2. To observe the diagnostic importance of the calcified part of the lesions which appear as radiopaque areas. 14 cases of jaw lesions which showed mixed lesions associated with teeth were reviewed. These lesions were mostly diagnosed as adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (6 cases) or calcifying odontogenic cysts with (4 cases) or without odontomas (4 cases). The calcified elements of the lesions which demonstrated various sizes and patterns of radiopaque shadows resembled odontoid tissues in some cases but could not be defined in some other cases radiographically. The final histopathologic diagnosis confirmed adenomatoid odontogenic tumors in 4 of the 6 cases. The remaining 2 cases turned out to be odontoma and ameloblastic fibroodontoma. The 4 cases of calcifying odontogenic cysts with odontomas were correct in 3 cases but remaining 1 case was just odontoma. The 4 cases of calcifying odontogenic cysts were proved to be odontogenic keratocyst, calcified peripheral fibroma, unicystic ameloblastoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The diagnostic accuracy of the adenomatoid odontogenic tumors and calcifying odontogenic cysts were high when the lesions show typical appearance. The calcifications which show radiopaque areas could be odontomas or dystrophic calficifations or remnants of bone fragments from resorption.

  18. Triphasic computed tomography (CT) scan in focal tumoral liver lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of triphasic spiral CT in differentiating benign from malignant focal tumoral liver lesions. Methods: The study was conducted in Department of Radiology of Aga Khan University Hospital and Sind Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi from Feb 2006 to Feb 2007. By convenient sampling, 45 patients found to have focal tumoral liver lesions were recruited for one year period and their triphasic CT scans findings were evaluated and later correlated with histopathology. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy of triphasic CT scan were calculated. Results: Among 45 patients, 136 liver lesions (11 benign and 125 malignant) were detected with the help of different enhancement patterns. Out of these, 37(82.2%) patients had malignant while 8 (17.8%) had benign lesions. On later histopathological examination, 35 (77.8%) of the total 45 cases had malignant lesions while 10 (22.2%) were diagnosed as benign lesions. Based on these results, it could be assessed that triphasic CT Scan has a sensitivity of 100 %, specificity of 80%, positive predictive value of 94.5%, negative predictive value of 100% and diagnostic accuracy of 95.5 % in differentiating benign from malignant liver lesions. Conclusion: Triphasic CT Scan is a good non-invasive tool in characterizing and differentiating benign from malignant liver lesions. (author)

  19. Dental lesions in the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    TjØrnelund, Karen B; Jonsson, Lena M

    2015-01-01

    Dental ailments, mandibular swelling, and dentoalveolar abscesses are common in tapirs, but knowledge about prevalence or etiology of these lesions in the Tapiridae family in general, and in lowland tapirs ( Tapirus terrestris ) in particular, is scarce. A recent study identified resorptive lesions of unknown etiology as a common problem in the Malayan tapir ( Tapirus indicus ). In order to investigate the type and prevalence of dental lesions occurring in lowland tapirs, and to compare these with findings with the Malayan tapir, skulls and teeth from 46 deceased lowland tapirs were visually and radiographically examined. The specimens were divided into subpopulations according to age (juveniles, young adults, adults) and origin (free-range or captive). Dental lesions were identified in 24% (11/46) of the study population. The most common pathologic findings were complicated dental fractures with associated periapical reaction (15%) and periapical reactions of various degrees without associated detectable dental pathology (13%). All these lesions likely originated from dental trauma. As in Malayan tapirs, juveniles had significantly fewer lesions than adults. This study shows that dental lesions present frequent problems for lowland tapirs, occurring both in captive and in free-ranging individuals, and indicates that increasing age should be considered a risk factor for the development of these lesions. Notably, the predominant dental problems in lowland tapirs and Malayan tapirs are not the same.

  20. Benign Proliferative Breast Lesions and Risk of Cancer

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    Serap Erel

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Benign breast lesions (BBL includes a wide variety of histologic entities, which have been broadly classified into non-proliferative lesions, proliferative lesions without atypia, and hyperplasia with atypia. With the increased use of mammography, more benign lesions are being detected, and in order to estimate the risk of breast cancer for specific histologic categories is of great importance to guide clinical management. Women with proliferative lesions without atypia are at slightly increased risk of subsequent breast cancer, whereas women with proliferative lesions with atypia have a higher risk. The risk is 1.5- 2-fold in women with proliferative lesions without atypia, 4-5-fold in women with proliferative lesions with atypia, and 8-10 fold in women with ductal carcinoma in situ. Age at diagnosis of BBL, menopausal status, family history of breast cancer in a first-degree relative, and time since BBL diagnosis on risk of breast cancer are important for risk evaluation. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2010; 19(3.000: 155-167

  1. Imaging features of complex sclerosing lesions of the breast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myong, Joo Hwa; Choi, Byung Gil; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo; Lee, Ah Won; Song, Byung Joo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the imaging features of complex sclerosing lesions of the breast and to assess the rate of upgrade to breast cancer. From March 2008 to May 2012, seven lesions were confirmed as complex sclerosing lesions by ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy. Final results by either surgical excision or follow-up imaging studies were reviewed to assess the rate of upgrade to breast cancer. Two radiologists retrospectively analyzed the imaging findings according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System classification. Five lesions underwent subsequent surgical excision and two of them revealed ductal carcinoma in situ (n=1) and invasive ductal carcinoma (n=1). Our study showed a breast cancer upgrade rate of 28.6% (2 of 7 lesions). Two lesions were stable on imaging follow-up beyond 1 year. The mammographic features included masses (n=4, 57.1%), architectural distortion (n=2, 28.6%), and focal asymmetry (n=1, 14.3%). Common B-mode ultrasonographic features were irregular shape (n=6, 85.7%), spiculated margin (n=5, 71.4 %), and hypoechogenicity (n=7, 100%). The final assessment categories were category 4 (n=6, 85.7%) and category 5 (n=1, 14.3%). The complex sclerosing lesions were commonly mass-like on mammography and showed the suspicious ultrasonographic features of category 4. Due to a high underestimation rate, all complex sclerosing lesions by core needle biopsy should be excised.

  2. High rate of benign histology in radiologically suspect renal lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindkvist Pedersen, Christina; Winck-Flyvholm, Lili

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of benign renal lesions for clinically localised renal masses and the need for new diagnostic procedures to assess these lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy between November 2010 and July 2013. All patients underwent a multiphase helical computed tomography (CT), which revealed suspected renal malignancy. The exclusion criteria were cystic tumours, biopsy before surgery, and disseminated and locally advanced disease. Lesions were defined as follows: small ? 4 cm, intermediate > 4 and ? 7 cm, and large > 7 cm. RESULTS: A total of 226 patients underwent radical or partial nephrectomy; of these 75 patients were excluded. In all, 151 had masses suspected of being malignant tumours on CT. The mean age was 62.9 years. The male: female ratio was 3:1. The distribution of small, intermediate and large lesions were 75 (49.7%), 47 (31.1%) and 29 (19.2%), respectively. Among the three types of lesions, 15 (20%), 5 (10.6%) and 3 (10.3%) were benign, respectively (p = 0.27). Partial nephrectomy was performed in 69.3% of patients with small tumours versus 23.4% of patients with intermediate tumours, p < 0.001. CONCLUSION: Benign lesions were observed in 20% of small renal masses ? 4 cm even though CT revealed a suspect renal lesion. The need for new diagnostic approaches for clinically localised renal lesions is evident. FUNDING: not relevant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

  3. Spectrum of vulvar lesions: a clinicopathologic study of 170 cases

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    Harsh Mohan

    2014-02-01

    Conclusion: Early recognition of vulvar lesions and a prompt biopsy diagnosis for all lesions with suspicious changes is of great significance. The term leukoplakia is imprecise and should be replaced by a precise histological description. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2014; 3(1.000: 175-180

  4. Cryosurgical Treatment of Two Exophytic Lesions of Oral Mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Exophytic lesions are papillomatous, verrucous, popular, nodular, dome shaped, polypoid and bosselated that can be treated by cryotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of cryotherapy on squamous papilloma and fibroma. Total 20 squamous papilloma and fibroma in 20 patients aged 20-65 year were treated. Each lesion was frozen with nitrogen oxide for 20-30 sec and the patients were examined 1 week and 2 weeks after treatment. Finally the data was analyzed with paired t test. The lesions in 17 patients were recovered completely after 1 week. The lesions in 3 patients have been become smaller. There was significantly difference between diameter of the lesions before and after treatment (p<0.05. Results of this study showed cryotherapy can be applied successfully in treatment of fibroma and squamous papilloma.

  5. SLAP lesions: Anatomy, clinical presentation, MR imaging diagnosis and characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ABSTRACT: Superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) tears are an abnormality of the superior labrum usually centered on the attachment of the long head of the biceps tendon. Tears are commonly caused by repetitive overhead motion or fall on an outstretched arm. SLAP lesions can lead to shoulder pain and instability. Clinical diagnosis is difficult thus imaging plays a key diagnostic role. The normal anatomic variability of the capsulolabral complex can make SLAP lesions a diagnostic challenge. Concurrent shoulder injuries are often present including rotator cuff tears, cystic changes or marrow edema in the humeral head, capsular laxity, Hill-Sachs or Bankart lesion. The relevant anatomy, capsulolabral anatomic variants, primary and secondary findings of SLAP tears including MR arthrography findings, types of SLAP lesions and a practical approach to labral lesions are reviewed

  6. Simulation of Spread and Control of Lesions in Brain

    CERN Document Server

    Mohan, T R Krishna

    2007-01-01

    A simulation model for the spread and control of lesions in the brain is constructed using a planar network (graph) representation for the Central Nervous System (CNS). The model is inspired by the lesion structures observed in the case of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), a chronic disease of the CNS. The initial lesion site is at the center of a unit square and spreads outwards based on the success rate in damaging edges (axons) of the network. The damaged edges send out alarm signals which, at appropriate intensity levels, generate programmed cell death. Depending on the extent and timing of the programmed cell death, the lesion may get controlled or aggravated akin to the control of wild fires by burning of peripheral vegetation. The parameter phase space of the model shows smooth transition from uncontrolled situation to controlled situation. The simulations show that the model is capable of generating a wide variety of lesion growth and arrest scenarios.

  7. Radioimmunoscintigraphy in the differential diagnosis of hepatic mass lesion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A patient with suspected recurrent cancer of the colon underwent a variety of imaging procedures for the differential diagnosis of a hepatic mass lesion. Computed tomography (CT) showed a low-density lesion in the left hepatic lobe, and the initial CT-guided biopsy of the liver mass was reported to demonstrate a benign lesion. Ultrasonography (US) showed a hypoechoic lesion, and technetium-99m red blood cell (RBC) scan failed to suggest a hemangioma. However, radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) using 99mTc- labeled anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) monoclonal antibody clearly demonstrated increase uptake of antibody in the liver lesion. Scheduled hepatic angiography was canceled and subsequent exploratory laparotomy confirmed liver metastasis. RIS appears most helpful in the diagnosis of hepatic metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer and a rising CEA level. CT, US, and 99mTc-RBC studies for the investigation of hepatic masses are briefly discussed. (orig.)

  8. Dual energy MDCT assessment of renal lesions: an overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the expansion of cross-sectional imaging, the number of renal lesions that are incidentally discovered has increased. Multidetector CT (MDCT) is the investigation of choice for characterising and staging renal lesions. Although a definitive diagnosis can be confidently posed for most of them, a number of renal lesions remain indeterminate following MDCT. Further imaging tests are therefore needed, with subsequent increase of healthcare costs, radiation exposure, and patient anxiety. By addressing most of the issues with conventional MDCT imaging, dual-energy MDCT can improve the diagnosis of renal lesions and, potentially, may represent a paradigm shift from a merely attenuation-based to a material-specific spectral imaging investigation. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of current clinical applications of dual-energy CT in the evaluation of renal lesions. Key Points. (orig.)

  9. SLAP lesions: Anatomy, clinical presentation, MR imaging diagnosis and characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Debra [University of California San Diego, Department of Radiology, 200 W. Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103 (United States); VA Healthcare System San Diego, Department of Radiology, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, La Jolla, CA 92161 (United States); MedRay Imaging and Fraser Health Authority, Vancouver, BC (Canada)], E-mail: cbchung@ucsd.edu; Mohana-Borges, Aurea; Borso, Maya; Chung, Christine B. [University of California San Diego, Department of Radiology, 200 W. Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103 (United States); VA Healthcare System San Diego, Department of Radiology, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, La Jolla, CA 92161 (United States)

    2008-10-15

    ABSTRACT: Superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) tears are an abnormality of the superior labrum usually centered on the attachment of the long head of the biceps tendon. Tears are commonly caused by repetitive overhead motion or fall on an outstretched arm. SLAP lesions can lead to shoulder pain and instability. Clinical diagnosis is difficult thus imaging plays a key diagnostic role. The normal anatomic variability of the capsulolabral complex can make SLAP lesions a diagnostic challenge. Concurrent shoulder injuries are often present including rotator cuff tears, cystic changes or marrow edema in the humeral head, capsular laxity, Hill-Sachs or Bankart lesion. The relevant anatomy, capsulolabral anatomic variants, primary and secondary findings of SLAP tears including MR arthrography findings, types of SLAP lesions and a practical approach to labral lesions are reviewed.

  10. Midline and far lateral approaches to foramen magnum lesions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma B

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Twenty patients with foramen magnum lesions were operated upon in the last 5 years at Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh. The common presenting features were quadriparesis, quadriplegia, diminished sensations, neck pain and respiratory insufficiency. The lesions encountered were meningiomas, neurofibromas, posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms, neurenteric cyst and chordoma. Patients with posterior or posterolaterally placed lesions were operated by the midline posterior approach while those with anterior or anterolateral lesions were managed by the far lateral approach. All mass lesions were excised completely and the aneurysms were clipped. Seventeen patients made good neurological recovery while three died. The latter three patients presented very late. The merits of various surgical approaches to the foramen magnum are discussed.

  11. Dual energy MDCT assessment of renal lesions: an overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mileto, Achille [Duke University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC (United States); University of Messina, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphologic and Functional Imaging, Policlinico ' ' G. Martino' ' , Messina (Italy); Marin, Daniele; Nelson, Rendon C.; Boll, Daniel T. [Duke University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC (United States); Ascenti, Giorgio [University of Messina, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphologic and Functional Imaging, Policlinico ' ' G. Martino' ' , Messina (Italy)

    2014-02-15

    With the expansion of cross-sectional imaging, the number of renal lesions that are incidentally discovered has increased. Multidetector CT (MDCT) is the investigation of choice for characterising and staging renal lesions. Although a definitive diagnosis can be confidently posed for most of them, a number of renal lesions remain indeterminate following MDCT. Further imaging tests are therefore needed, with subsequent increase of healthcare costs, radiation exposure, and patient anxiety. By addressing most of the issues with conventional MDCT imaging, dual-energy MDCT can improve the diagnosis of renal lesions and, potentially, may represent a paradigm shift from a merely attenuation-based to a material-specific spectral imaging investigation. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of current clinical applications of dual-energy CT in the evaluation of renal lesions. Key Points. (orig.)

  12. Fatty lesions in and around the heart: a pictorial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pruente, R; Restrepo, C S; Ocazionez, D; Suby-Long, T; Vargas, D

    2015-07-01

    A wide variety of fat-containing entities occur in and near the heart. These findings are often encountered by radiologists and may be incidental or the reason for the patient's clinical presentation. Cross-sectional imaging helps to characterize the extent of these lesions and to formulate a differential diagnosis, which varies by lesion location, imaging features and patient demographics. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to familiarize radiologists with these fat-containing lesions and to help avoid misdiagnosis and errors in management. This pictorial review will discuss the normal fatty structures in and around the heart. A range of common and uncommon fat-containing lesions will then be reviewed based upon lesion location. PMID:25950727

  13. Dynamic computed tomography scanning of benign bone lesions: Preliminary results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The majority of benign bone lesions can be evaluated adequately using conventional radiologic techniques. However, it is not always possible to differentiate reliably between different types of benign bone lesions on the basis of plain film appearances alone. Dynamic computed tomography (CT) scanning provides a means for further characterizing such lesions by assessing their degree of vascularity. Thus, it may help in distinguishing an osteoid osteoma, which has a hypervascular nidus, from a Brodie's abscess, which is avascular. Dynamic CT scanning may also help in the differentiation between a fluid-containing simple bone cyst, which is avascular, and other solid or semi-solid benign bone lesions which slow varying degrees of vascularity. However, because of the additional irradiation involved, dynamic CT scanning should be reserved for evaluation of selected patients with benign bone lesions in whom the plain film findings are not definitive and in whom the CT findings may have a significant influence on management. (orig.)

  14. Heritable lesions affecting proliferation of irradiated mammalian cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The investigations reviewed show that persistent disturbance of proliferation and viability occur after exposure of various mammalian cells to radiation doses corresponding to one or several mean lethal doses and that they affect considerable proportions of the surviving cell populations. The available data indicate that these heritable lesions can affect progression through the cell cycle. The following subjects are discussed: early observations; basic techniques in the study of heritable lesions (time-lapse photography, colony size distribution, growth rate observations); the morphology, growth, viability, selection by cloning, cell cycle, radiosensitivity, chromosomal aberrations, and metabolism of heritably damaged cells; the induction of heritable lesions by densely ionizing radiations and tritium compounds; the oxygen effect; the induction of heritable lesions by alkylating agents; observations in vitro; survival determinations; late recovery; quantification of heritably damaged cells on the basis of growth observations; postirradiation intrapopulation disturbances and recovery; conjectures as to the nature of heritable lesions and the mechanisms of late recovery; and the significance for radiotherapy

  15. Lesiones por quemadura en la embarazada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique J. Moya Rosa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: las quemaduras en la embarazada constituyen un reto para el equipo multidisciplinario que se ocupa de su tratamiento. Estas lesiones en dependencia de su extensión, profundidad y el tiempo de gestación de las pacientes, pueden comprometer tanto la vida de la madre como la del feto. Objetivo: determinar la morbi-mortalidad por quemaduras en las embarazadas y la conducta seguida en dependencia del tiempo de gestación, en las pacientes atendidas con estas características en el Servicio de Caumatología del Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech de la ciudad de Camagüey desde el año 2001 hasta el 2010. Método: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. El universo estuvo conformado por 585 mujeres que sufrieron quemaduras durante este período, la muestra no probabilística la conformaron 16 pacientes las cuales estaban en estado de gestación. Resultados: Se encontraban en el segundo trimestre de su embarazo siete gestantes para un 43.75 %, y del total de las lesionadas cuatro eran grandes quemaduras. El índice de menos grave representó el 50 % del total de las lesionadas. Con el 68.75 % de las embarazadas se siguió una conducta expectante. Conclusiones: La mayoría de las gestantes estaban clasificadas como menos graves. El estado materno al egreso fue satisfactorio en la totalidad de las pacientes, no así el estado fetal.

  16. [Internal astigmatism with other ocular lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limaiem, R; Baba, A; Bouraoui, R; Mghaieth, F; El Matri, L

    2012-04-01

    Astigmatism is a refractive defect whose origin is not always purely corneal, and is sometimes the result of corneal, crystalline lens or mixte contributions. The aim of our study is to report, through two cases, ocular lesions associated with a lenticular astigmatism and their evolution after treatment. In the first observation, it is a 25-year-old patient with a unilateral extra corneal astigmatism within the framework of the "tilted disc syndrome" associated with bilateral myopia. This patient has received treatment by Lasik. The postoperative course was good with a decline of 5 ans. The second observation is that of a patient aged 35 years without having a general history with a posterior lenticonus associated with keratoconus responsible for a major mixed astigmatism. She received combined surgery: penetrating keratoplasty with lens extraction and implantation of an artificial lens. The evolution was good with good visual recovery. The balance of internal astigmatism must include the systematic achievement of a subjective and objective refraction under cycloplegia and corneal topography. The search for etiology is critical to screen for eye or general disease and guide the therapeutic strategy. Knowledge of the refractive power of the cornea and crystalline lens of astigmatism separately would be important for surgery refractive and crystalline lens surgery. PMID:22424808

  17. Possibilities of endodontic therapy of endodonic-periodontal lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neškovi? Jelena

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Intoduction. Endoperiodontal lesions are frequent in clinical practice and may require complex therapy. It is very important to determine differential diagnosis and the origin of the lesion, because the treatment plan is based on aetiology and stadium of the development of the lesion. Objective. The aim of this clinical study was to analyze the efficacy of endodontic treatment in different types of endodontic- periodontal lesions. Methods. Thirty patients and 42 teeth with diagnosed endoperiodontal lesions were included in the study and divided in two groups. Vital pulp therapy was applied to 18 vital teeth where the diagnosis was perio-endodontic lesions. The therapy of infected canal system was applied to 24 teeth with endodontic- periodontal or combined lesions. Standard endodontic procedure consisted of cleaning and shaping of the root canal system and between sessions filling with calcium-hydroxide paste. Obturation was made by lateral compact of the guttapercha and Apexit paste. Efficiency was evaluated clinically and radiographically three, six and twelve months later. Results. Radiographic and clinical follow-up showed a significant radiographic improvement and absence of subjective symptoms in a very high percentage of the treated vital and avital teeth. The results of this study showed that in the observation period of 12 months endodontic therapy was successful in 88.89% of vital teeth, and in the group of avital teeth the percentage was 91.67%. Conclusion. Endodontic treatment of the endoperiodontal lesions was sufficient and it was the basic condition to achieve a complete healing of endodontic-periodontal lesions. Such therapy ensures significant improvement or even complete healing of both types of lesions, of endodontic and periodontal origin.

  18. Computed tomography of traumatic intracranial lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Sei Chul; Kim, Choon Yul; Lee, Sung Yong; Bahk, Yong Whee [Catholic Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1981-09-15

    The cranial computed tomography (CT) is a new radiological technique with which, for the first time, minimal differences an attenuation by intracranial soft tissue can be measured exactly. The basic physical principles of computed tomography have been extensively presented by Hounsfield (1973). It is well established that the attenuation of extravasated blood measures between 35 and 45 Hounsfield units. Therefore no difficulty should be encountered in the recognition and diagnosis of extra-axial hematoma and cerebral contusion since the density of the brain parenchyma never measures more than 25 units. As the constant increase in high velocity accidents and violence, the problem of acute head injury is one of the matters of great importance in today's medical practice. Therefore it is very important to figure out the method that would allow us to diagnose easily and precisely the effects of trauma upon the brain in order to institute the proper treatment at the earliest possible moment. Computed tomography allows us to make a diagnosis quickly and in a non-invasive manner. The CT scan was carried out on 310 head trauma cases in the department of radiology, St. Mary's and Kang Nam St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Medical College, for 16 months from June 1979 to October 1980. All the scans were obtained with the Hitachi CT-H2 scanner and the scans were repeated following intravenous injection of high dose of contrast media (roughly 1.8 cc per kg body weight of 60% Conray). We have reviewed the CT scans of 310 patients got acute head injury in order to assess the location of brain lesions, the relationship between the CT densities of hematomas and their stage, the shape and mass effect of the extra-axial hematomas, and the effect of contrast enhancement. The results were as follows: 1. Of all 310 cases of the head injuries, epidural hematoma was 13.5%, subdural hematoma was 8.7%, subdural hygroma was 10%, cerebral contusion was 39%, hydrocephalus and atrophy was 3.9% and negative finding was 24.9%. 2. The extra-axial hematoma was located on the right side in 49.3% and the left side in 39.1% and bilaterally in 11.6%. Therefore unilateral lesion was much more than bilateral one. 3. The extra-axial hematoma was getting decreased in density as time gone by. 4. The shape of epidural hematoma was biconvex in 88.1% and planoconvex in 11.9%. 5. The shape of subdural hematoma was crescent in 88.9% and biconvex in 11.9% in chronic stage. 6. The mass effect of extra-axial hematoma was getting slowly decreased as time gone by. 7. The extra-axial hematoma was enhanced by the contrast media in all acute, subacute and chronic stages as well as in the cerebral contusion, but there was a tendency that the contrast enhancement of hematoma was getting increased as time gone by.

  19. Computed tomography of traumatic intracranial lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cranial computed tomography (CT) is a new radiological technique with which, for the first time, minimal differences an attenuation by intracranial soft tissue can be measured exactly. The basic physical principles of computed tomography have been extensively presented by Hounsfield (1973). It is well established that the attenuation of extravasated blood measures between 35 and 45 Hounsfield units. Therefore no difficulty should be encountered in the recognition and diagnosis of extra-axial hematoma and cerebral contusion since the density of the brain parenchyma never measures more than 25 units. As the constant increase in high velocity accidents and violence, the problem of acute head injury is one of the matters of great importance in today's medical practice. Therefore it is very important to figure out the method that would allow us to diagnose easily and precisely the effects of trauma upon the brain in order to institute the proper treatment at the earliest possible moment. Computed tomography allows us to make a diagnosis quickly and in a non-invasive manner. The CT scan was carried out on 310 head trauma cases in the department of radiology, St. Mary's and Kang Nam St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Medical College, for 16 months from June 1979 to October 1980. All the scans were obtained with the Hitachi CT-H2 scanner and the scans were repeated following intravenous injection of high dose of contrast media (roughly 1.8 cc per kg body weight of 60% Conray). We have reviewed the CT scans of 310 patients got acute head injury in order to assess the location of brain lesions, the relationship between the CT densities of hematomas and their stage, the shape and mass effect of the extra-axial hematomas, and the effect of contrast enhancement. The results were as follows: 1. Of all 310 cases of the head injuries, epidural hematoma was 13.5%, subdural hematoma was 8.7%, subdural hygroma was 10%, cerebral contusion was 39%, hydrocephalus and atrophy was 3.9% and negative finding was 24.9%. 2. The extra-axial hematoma was located on the right side in 49.3% and the left side in 39.1% and bilaterally in 11.6%. Therefore unilateral lesion was much more than bilateral one. 3. The extra-axial hematoma was getting decreased in density as time gone by. 4. The shape of epidural hematoma was biconvex in 88.1% and planoconvex in 11.9%. 5. The shape of subdural hematoma was crescent in 88.9% and biconvex in 11.9% in chronic stage. 6. The mass effect of extra-axial hematoma was getting slowly decreased as time gone by. 7. The extra-axial hematoma was enhanced by the contrast media in all acute, subacute and chronic stages as well as in the cerebral contusion, but there was a tendency that the contrast enhancement of hematoma was getting increased as time gone by

  20. Parietal lesion effects on cued recall following pair associate learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Zvi, Shir; Soroker, Nachum; Levy, Daniel A

    2015-07-01

    We investigated the involvement of the posterior parietal cortex in episodic memory in a lesion-effects study of cued recall following pair-associate learning. Groups of patients who had experienced first-incident stroke, generally in middle cerebral artery territory, and exhibited damage that included lateral posterior parietal regions, were tested within an early post-stroke time window. In three experiments, patients and matched healthy comparison groups executed repeated study and cued recall test blocks of pairs of words (Experiment 1), pairs of object pictures (Experiment 2), or pairs of object pictures and environmental sounds (Experiment 3). Patients' brain CT scans were subjected to quantitative analysis of lesion volumes. Behavioral and lesion data were used to compute correlations between area lesion extent and memory deficits, and to conduct voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. These analyses implicated lateral ventral parietal cortex, especially the angular gyrus, in cued recall deficits, most pronouncedly in the cross-modal picture-sound pairs task, though significant parietal lesion effects were also found in the unimodal word pairs and picture pairs tasks. In contrast to an earlier study in which comparable parietal lesions did not cause deficits in item recognition, these results indicate that lateral posterior parietal areas make a substantive contribution to demanding forms of recollective retrieval as represented by cued recall, especially for complex associative representations. PMID:25998492