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Sample records for san andres archipelago

  1. Marine macroalgae in the agronomy and potential use of floating sargassum for manure production in the San Andres and Providencia Archipelago, Colombia

    An account is made on the use of marine macroalgae in agronomy and the potential that floating Sargassum arriving to san Andres and Providencia has for this activity. This Sargassum, which has been a nuisance for the tourist economy of the islands, promises to be an excellent resource for manure production

  2. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    None

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  3. Miocene and Pleistocene mollusks from San Andres Island (Caribbean Sea, Colombia) and Paleogeographic considerations

    San Andres Island is the largest emerged portion of the oceanic archipelago of San Andres and Providencia, southwestern Caribbean Sea; it originated as a coralline atoll during Miocene times. The central and highest part of the island consists of a calcareous crest, the San Andres Formation, formed by Neogene lagoonal and reefal deposits. This crest is surrounded by a calcareous platform of Pleistocene age (San Luis Formation) which emerges only along the island coast, whereas its most part is submerged and covered by a Recent reef complex. Fossil material of molluscs from these two formations was collected in various sites throughout the island and taxonomically identified. In the four sites sampled in the San Andres Formation, material belonging to 19 gastropod and 37 bivalve species was obtained, most of them relatively well represented in other geologic formations of the Caribbean region that are stratigraphically situated between the upper Miocene and the middle Pliocene. Some elements occurring in this formation, such as Ostrea haitiensis, Meretrix dariena and Siphocypraea henekeni, were widely distributed in the Caribbean Miocene Province. In the San Luis Formation, material belonging to 18 gastropod and 11 bivalve species was obtained, most of them also represented in the Recent molluscan fauna of the region. The estimated age of this formation is Sangamonian, hence corresponding to similar formations occurring in Grand Cayman, Jamaica, Hispaniola, the Netherlands Antilles and other Caribbean islands, with which it also shows a great similarity in the composition of the molluscan fauna.

  4. Otomi de San Andres Cuexcontitlan, Estado de Mexico (Otomi of San Andres Cuexcontitlan, State of Mexico).

    Lastra, Yolanda

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Otomi, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in San Andres Cuexcontitlan, in the state of Mexico. The objective of collecting such a representative…

  5. San andres isla: un lugar inolvidable

    Chicangana Solano, María Estella

    2013-01-01

    Gracias al Ministerio de Educación Nacional de Colombia y la Secretaría de Educación Departmento de Cauca quienes me dieron esta excelente oportunidad de aprender en un nivel personal y profesional como profesor de Inglés. Mi familia fue un muy importante en el apoyo en mi viaje a la isla de San Andrés. Estoy muy agradecido a todos ellos. Aca cuento la experiencia que me permitió compartir un periodo de mi vida con algunos de los más maravillosa clase de gente que he conocido antes. La isla d...

  6. Final San Andres National Wildlife Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior This Comprehensive Conservation Plan CCP was written to guide management on San Andres NWR for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the Refuge vision and purpose...

  7. A Transnational World Fractured but Not Forgotten: British West Indian Migration to the Colombian Islands of San Andrés and Providence

    Sharika Crawford

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines British West Indian migration to the Colombian archipelago of San Andrés and Providence in the late nineteenth to early twentieth century. While the United Fruit plantations, Panama Canal, oil fields in Venezuela, and railroad projects in Central America generated a strong demand for a large West Indian workforce, no such development took place on San Andrés and Providence. As a result, the profile of West Indian migration looks different than to the Spanish-speaking circum-Caribbean, with more professionals and merchants and fewer unskilled laborers. In the absence of mass migration, there was less hostility toward West Indian newcomers to San Andrés and Providence islands.

  8. BLOOMS OF EPHEMERAL GREEN ALGAE IN SAN ANDRES ISLAND, INTERNATIONAL BIOSPHERE RESERVE SEAFLOWER, SOUTHWESTERN CARIBBEAN

    Brigitte Gavio

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available We report the presence of persistent blooms of Chaetomorpha linum in San Andres island, Southwestern Caribbean, during the year 2013.RESUMENReportamos la presencia de florecimientos persistentes del alga verde Chaetomorpha linum en la isla de San Andrs, Caribe suroccidental.

  9. y religion bautista en San Andrés Isla

    Natalia Guevara

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda de manera general los nexos de los pastores y la religión bautista con el movimiento autonomista raizal de la isla de San Andrés. El documento brinda un panorama breve sobre la relación del Estado colombiano con el Archipiélago, la cual incluyó la censura a la lengua inglesa y criolla y a la religión protestante. Así, el artículo establece los orígenes de la participación de las iglesias bautistas en las reivindicaciones a favor de la identidad isleña en la resistencia de los pastores y los fieles protestantes ante las políticas integracionistas nacionales que surgían en el marco de la nación monocultural proclamada en la constitución de 1886. Si bien, a partir de la década de 1960 la resistencia raizal se manifestó en diversos movimientos de carácter secular, a finales de la década de 1990 los pastores retomaron el liderazgo en las demandas por la defensa de la identidad isleña mediante un discurso religioso que se entremezcla con lo político tanto en el espacio de la iglesia como en manifestaciones públicas realizadas en la isla. El artículo propone que el papel de los pastores en el movimiento raizal puede ser comprendido, por una parte, mediante la tradición antiesclavista de la religión bautista a lo largo del Caribe anglófono y, por otra, por la influencia de la iglesia en la vida social isleña como un indicador de respetabilidad, lo cual le permite convocar a la comunidad y ampliar el alcance de las demandas autonomistas del movimiento raizal. Finalmente, el documento plantea que el papel de los pastores como mediadores se enmarca dentro de una tradición más amplia de resolución pacífica del conflicto, expresada en el Caribe mediante la polirritmia, la cual permite la coexistencia de diversas tendencias que no se excluyen mutuamente.

  10. A correlation for miscible flood displacement efficiency in the San Andres with NMR relaxation

    This paper reports that a set of San Andres crystalline dolomite cores was examined for the relationship between pore attributes discernible from NMR relaxation and miscible flooding displacement efficiency. A strong correlation was observed between the inferred abundance of long relaxation time components and laboratory measured residual oil to a multicontact miscible displacement process. NMR relaxation time distribution proved to be a simple, noninvasive, nondestructive indicator of flow performance in the 12 San Andres dolomite samples examined. Spin-lattice relaxation measurements were conducted on clean, brine saturated core end pieces from plugs taken adjacent to those used for flow displacement studies. Sample data were deconvoluted into a distribution of relaxation times, which is ultimately related to surface-to-volume ratio distribution. The median relaxation time was determined to be the most sensitive statistics to convey flow performance. Residual oil saturation was adequately represented by a power law function of the median relaxation time

  11. An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir Foster and South Cowden fields,

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    GEOPHYSICAL OBJECTIVES: The goals of work done this quarter were to (1) refine the maps of seismic-derived porosity for the upper Grayburg for reapplication to the production model, (2) determine rock fabric and porosity patterns for the lower Grayburg and the upper San Andres, (3) relate any seismic-derived porosity characteristics, particularly seismic waveform attributes, to the historical production of oil allocated to lower Grayburg and San Andres zones, and (4) to test other geologic attributes for possible inter-relationships. GEOLOGIC OBJECTIVES: Continue the integrated geological/geophysical effort to develop a usable seismic velocity/log porosity transform for each Grayburg producing interval. The lower Grayburg and San Andres core were revisited to glean lithology and porosity information for the seismic inversion model. Update recent production and injection for each well in the study area. Add new production and injection wells to spreadsheet. Continue evaluation of effectiveness of recent completions, plug backs and injector conversions by monitoring oil production and produced water composition. ENGINEERING OBJECTIVES: To build the most accurate reservoir picture by continued integration of all data types available and utilize that model to optimize oil production. Monitoring and testing of new and worked-over wells continues to test the early production models. Methods to improve water quality are being evaluated using normal field management procedures.

  12. Origins of the Salado, Seven Rivers, and San Andres salt margins in Texas and New Mexico: Revision 1: Topical report

    The present boundaries of the San Andres, Seven Rivers, and Salado salts generally lie along the periphery of the Palo Duro and Tucumcari Basins. Various geologic mechanisms occurring singularly or in combination determined the positions of the salt margins. These mechanisms include nondeposition of salt and syndepositional and postdepositional dissolution. In New Mexico, San Andres units pinch out against the Pedernal and Sierra Grande Uplifts, indicating that nondeposition established the original salt margins there. Syndepositional dissolution of exposed Upper San Andres salts occurred in response to Guadalupian upwarp of the basin margins. Triassic erosion differentially removed Permian salt-bearing formations along the uplifts. Late Tertiary dissolution is indicated by fill of north-south trending collapse valleys. In Texas, Guadalupian upwarp along the Amarillo Uplift caused pinchout of Units 2 and 3 in the Lower San Andres and influenced the deposition of subsequent salt-bearing strata. The discontinuity of Upper San Andres evaporites across the Amarillo Uplift suggests syndepositional dissolution. Along the eastern and northeastern basin margin, dissolution may have accompanied Triassic erosion of locally uplifted Upper Permian strata. Tertiary dissolution is recognized beneath anomalously thick Ogallala Formation sections that overlie collasped Permian strata. 49 refs., 31 figs., 2 tabs

  13. Inventario de la fauna de hormigas de San Andrés Isla (Colombia

    Fernández Fernando

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available En este documento se registra por primera vez información parcial del inventario de las hormigas de San Andrés Isla. Se presenta a continuación un listado de los géneros y se proponen claves ilustradas para subfamilias, tribus y géneros. En total se encontraron 24 géneros: Azteca, Linepithema y Tapinoma de la subfamilia Dolichoderinae; Camponotus, Brachymyrmex y Paratrechina de Formicinae; Pseudomyrmex de Pseudomyrmecinae; Hypoponera, Leptogenys, Odontomachus, Pachycondyla y Platythyrea de Ponerinae; Ectatomma de Ectatomminae y de Myrmicinae: Cyphomyrmex, Wasmannia, Crematogaster, Pyramica, Strumigenys, Cardiocondyla, Pheidole, Monomorium, Solenopsis, Rogeria y Tetramorium.

  14. Geología y aspectos geográficos de la isla de san andrés, colombia

    Vargas Cuervo German

    2012-01-01

    La Isla de San Andrés ha sido definida geológicamente por varios autores en dos unidades calcáreas de características bien marcadas: Una unidad de calizas heterogéneas,denominada como Formación San Andrés de edad Mioceno y una unidad de calizas coralinas de edad Pleistoceno, conocida como Formación San Luis. La primera unidad aflora en la parte central de la isla y representa la zona de colinas suaves con alturas máximas de 87 m.s.n.m y la Formación San Luis constituye la región plana a suave...

  15. El archipiélago de san andrés, providencia y santa catalina

    Moya Chaves, Sindy

    2012-01-01

    Este artículo aborda una descripción general de los principales aspectos históricos que confluyen para dar origen a la situaciçon actual de contacto de lenguas en el Archipiélago de San Andrés, providencia y Santa Catalina. Igualmente, presenta una breve caracterización de la población y las lenguas que se hablan en la isla. Esto con el fin de presentar el contexto particular en el que se desarrolla el programa de inmersión en inglés, sus características y su valor linguístico y cultural. Est...

  16. Sarucallis kahawaluokalani (Kirkaldy) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a new invasive aphid on San Andres island and mainland Colombia, with notes on other adventive species

    Kondo, Takumasa; Cortés, Ronald Simbaqueba

    2014-01-01

    The crape myrtle aphid Sarucallis kahawaluokalani (Kirkaldy) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) collected on Lagerstroemia indica (Lythraceae) is herein reported as a new invasive species in the city of Palmira, State of Valle del Cauca, and on San Andres island, in the State of San Andres, Old Providence and Santa Catalina, Colombia. The species is illustrated and diagnosed. A brief review of recent invasive species in Colombia, i.e., Ceroplastes rubens Maskell (Hemiptera: Coccidae), Crypticerya multici...

  17. Morpho-agronomic description of plantain (musa aab, abb) and banana (musa aaa) materials grown in san andres island

    Parra Pachón, oscar Javier; Cayón Salinas, Daniel Gerardo; Polanía Vorenberg, Jaime

    2010-01-01

    During the first semester, 2005 we studied the plantain and banana cultivars in small farms of 15 volunteer regular producers, who were participating in joint programs of the Agriculture and Fisheries Secretariat of San Andres Island and the Colombian National University Caribbean Headquarters. We described morphologically the Musa cultivars identified in the island, as well as agricultural practices of the island producers, using the INIBAP, IPGRI and CIRAD (1996) descriptors and bibliograph...

  18. Estudio de especies frutales promisorias con miras a su aprovechamiento sostenible en la Isla De San Andrés / Promising fruit species study with a view to sustainable use in the San Andres Island

    Suárez Giraldo, Claudia Elena

    2010-01-01

    Esta investigación se enfocó en determinar la riqueza de ciertas especies frutales promisorias en zonas domesticas y silvestres de la isla de San Andrés, identificando su potencialidad agroindustrial y aportando a una estrategia de desarrollo acorde con la región. Para ello se realizaron encuestas a dueños de predios con patios en los cuales se contara con más de ocho árboles frutales, determinando su producción anual, usos y excedentes no utilizados. Así mismo y con el fin de determinar las ...

  19. Los “half & half o fifty fifties” de San Andrés: Los actores invisibles de la raizalidad. / The half &half or fifty-fifties in San Andrés: The invisible Stakeholders of the raizality.

    García Taylor, Sally Ann

    2010-01-01

    Desde el punto de vista estrictamente etno-cultural los Half and Half o Fifty-Fifties de San Andrés en el conflicto entre Raizales y “pañas”, ocupan un lugar intermedio o de intersticio entre estos dos grupos étnicos enfrentados. A través del análisis de los discursos y percepciones de los diferentes grupos culturales presentes en el territorio se examina la situación de los nuevos sujetos híbridos de las islas, para efectos de la discusión respecto de quiénes hacen parte de la etnicidad Raiz...

  20. Guía de buceo ecológico de san andrés isla colombia

    MÁRQUEZ GERMÁN

    2010-01-01

    El buceo, tanto a pulmón como con tanques, constituye una actividad que, debidamente practicada, puede aportar al desarrollo sostenible y a la conservación de áreas marinas y en especial de arrecifes de coral, como los del Archipiélago de San Andrés y Providencia. En la medida en que implica la observación de los ecosistemas de arrecife y sus organismos, es una forma de valoración y uso sostenible de la biodiversidad, con la particularidad de que no implica su extracción, pues un mismo arreci...

  1. Survey of benthic dinoflagellates associated to beds of Thalassia testudinumin San Andres Island, Seaflower biosphere reserve, Caribbean Colombia

    In order to determine the occurrence of epiphytic toxic dinoflagellates in the coastal waters of San Andres Island, Caribbean Colombia, we analyzed the sea grass beds on the northern and eastern sides of the island. We found seven species of toxicogenic dinoflagellates, belonging to the genera Prorocentrum and Ostreopsis. The cell densities were generally low if compared with previous studies in other Caribbean sites, ranging from 0 to 836 cells/dry weights. The species encountered are known to produce toxins causing the diarrheic shellfish poisoning and ciguatera, poisonings which have been documented in the island.

  2. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. Quarterly report, third quarter 1997

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    The goals of work done this quarter were to (1) refine the maps of seismic-derived porosity for the upper Grayburg for reapplication to the production model, (2) determine rock fabric and porosity patterns for the lower Grayburg and the upper San Andres, (3) relate any seismic-derived porosity characteristics, particularly seismic waveform attributes, to the historical production of oil allocated to lower Grayburg and San Andres zones, and (4) to test other geologic attributes for possible inter-relationships. Progress on these goals is described. Additional studies were carried out in the following: Upper Grayburg porosity mapping, pipeline fracturing, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, and water quality for injection.

  3. Los cruceros de San Andrés de Teixido y sus caminos de peregrinación

    Burgoa Fernández, Juan J.

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The way of pilgrimage to San Andrés of Teixido constitute one of the more ancients and known routes of the Community of Galicia. As the majority of the old ways galicians, this route is yet marked by traditionals high-crosses that, to your function of utility of indicators of the way and place of rest of the pilgrim, join yours characteristics religious and etnográphicals, that endowed to the journeys of an holly sense and involved them in a magic atmosphere.

    El camino de peregrinación a San Andrés de Teixido constituye una de las rutas más ancestrales y conocidas de la Comunidad de Galicia. Como la mayoría de los viejos caminos gallegos, esta ruta todavía está jalonada de tradicionales cruceros que, a su función utilitaria de indicadores del camino y lugar de descanso del peregrino, unen sus características religiosas y etnográficas que dotan a los viajes de un sentido sacro y los envuelven en una atmósfera mágica.

  4. APPLICATION OF WATER-JET HORIZONTAL DRILLING TECHNOLOGY TO DRILL AND ACIDIZE HORIZONTAL DRAIN HOLES, TEDBIT (SAN ANDRES) FIELD, GAINES COUNTY, TEXAS

    Michael W. Rose

    2005-09-22

    The San Andres Formation is one of the major hydrocarbon-producing units in the Permian Basin, with multiple reservoirs contained within the dolomitized subtidal portions of upward shoaling carbonate shelf cycles. The test well is located in Tedbit (San Andres) Field in northeastern Gaines County, Texas, in an area of scattered San Andres production associated with local structural highs. Selected on the basis of geological and historical data, the Oil and Gas Properties Wood No. 1 well is considered to be typical of a large number of San Andres stripper wells in the Permian Basin. Thus, successful completion of horizontal drain holes in this well would demonstrate a widely applicable enhanced recovery technology. Water-jet horizontal drilling is an emerging technology with the potential to provide significant economic benefits in marginal wells. Forecast benefits include lower recompletion costs and improved hydrocarbon recoveries. The technology utilizes water under high pressure, conveyed through small-diameter coiled tubing, to jet horizontal drain holes into producing formations. Testing of this technology was conducted with inconclusive results. Paraffin sludge and mechanical problems were encountered in the wellbore, initially preventing the water-jet tool from reaching the kick-off point. After correcting these problems and attempting to cut a casing window with the water-jet milling assembly, lateral jetting was attempted without success.

  5. El Virus del Nilo Occidental y las Aves Silvestres de Colombia: experiencia en San Andrés Islas

    Diego Soler-Tovar

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available El Virus del Nilo Occidental (VNO es una zoonosis transmitida por zancudos (Culex spp., por lo tanto pertenece al grupo de los Arbovirus, se clasifica dentro del género Flavivirus, familia Flaviviridae. El virión es de cadena sencilla, ARN de secuencia positiva de aproximadamente 11 kb (kilobases. Pertenece al serocomplejo de la Encefalitis Japonesa. Debido a la actualidad e importancia del VNO, entre septiembre de 2005 y febrero de 2006, se realizo una investigación entre la Línea de Microbiología y Epidemiología Veterinaria de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y de Zootecnia de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia y la Fundación ProAves, con el apoyo del Centro de Control y Prevención de Enfermedades de los Estados Unidos (CDC, para detectar el VNO en aves silvestres de San Andrés Islas, Colombia.

  6. Cadmium and lead levels along the estuarine ecosystem of Tigre River-San Andres Lagoon, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

    Vázquez-Sauceda, María de la Luz; Pérez-Castañeda, Roberto; Sánchez-Martínez, Jesús Genaro; Aguirre-Guzmán, Gabriel

    2012-10-01

    Cadmium and lead levels were evaluated in water and sediment along the estuarine ecosystem of Tigre River-San Andres Lagoon (Gulf of Mexico) during September to December 2009. Significant highest metal concentration in water (0.45 mg L(-1) Cd and 3.94 mg L(-1) Pb) and sediment (2.83 mg kg(-1) Cd and 6.61 mg kg(-1) Pb) were found at the mouth of the Tigre River, where the fishing town of El Moron is located. Cadmium levels in sediment were above limits associated with adverse biological effects on aquatic fauna, so negative impacts on natural populations of aquatic organisms would be expected to occur. This in turn could affect the fishery resources inhabiting this ecosystem. PMID:22872375

  7. Estudios sobre los uredinales del archipiélago de San Andrés y providencia, Colombia.

    Pardo Cardona Víctor Manuel

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Doce especies de Uredinales fueron colectados en las islas de San Andrés y Providencia durante una visita de colección efectuada en el mes de Octubre de 2002. Los hospederos fueron determinados y herborizados y a partir de ellos se elaboraron micropreparados que contenían los soros con las esporas de los hongos, los cuales fueron observados y estudiados al microscopio. Puccinia cyperi-tagetiformis Kem es nuevo registro para Colombia; se registró a Brachiaria distachya (L Stapf como nuevo hospedante de Uromyces clignyi Patouillard & Hariot y a Cyperus rotundus L como nuevo hospedante para P. cyperi-tagetiformis. Las demos especies colectados han sido registradas en el neotrópico sobre hospedantes previamente conocidos.

  8. La situacin sociolingstica de la lengua creole de San Andrs Isla: el caso de San Luis / The sociolinguistic situation of creole language in San Andres Island: San Luis case study

    Deyanira Sindy, Moya Chaves.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artculo describe la situacin lingstica de un sector tradicional de la Isla de San Andrs, Colombia llamado San Luis: los mbitos de uso de las diferentes lenguas que all coexisten; las funciones que cumplen y la relacin entre lengua e identidad de los habitantes. Esta descripcin s [...] urge de un estudio sociolingstico llevado a cabo durante los aos 2009 y 2010. Las conclusiones e interpretaciones de los hechos y de la informacin proporcionada se logran a partir de encuestas, observacin participante, entrevistas e historias de vida. Los principales resultados sugieren la vitalidad de la lengua creole en los sectores tradicionales de la Isla, la expansin de mbitos de uso del espaol y la posible prdida del ingls. Como conclusiones se plantea la importancia de implementar una educacin bilinge intercultural que favorezca la proteccin y mantenimiento de la lengua creole y la comprensin entre pobladores y hablantes de diversas lenguas. Abstract in english This paperaims at describing the linguistic situation of a particular sector on San Andres Island, Colombia called San Luis. It illustrates the use of three different languages, their functions and the relationship between language and speakers' identity based on the results of a sociolinguistic stu [...] dy developed in 2009 and 2010 in this local area. Surveys, participant observation, interviews and life stories were used to collect information on how much these languagesareseen as part of the ethnical identity of native inhabitants on the island. Results show that there is a continuous expansion of Spanish and a possible loss of English on the island which leads to a need ofan intercultural bilingual education in order to promote a better understanding among diverse cultural and linguistic groups.

  9. Uso y actitudes relacionados a las drogas en las estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad Mayor de San Andrés Uso e atitudes relacionados às drogas em estudantes de enfermagem da Universidade Maior de San Andres Use and attitudes about drugs among nursing students at the Universidad Mayor de San Andres

    Iblin Elizabeth Enriquez Flores

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo representa los resultados del Uso y Actitudes relacionando el alcohol, tabaco, Hojas de coca, tranquilizantes y anfetaminas en Estudiantes de Enfermería de la Universidad Mayor de San Andrés. El objetivo es analizar las actitudes mediante el uso de diferentes substancias con aquellos que no usan en los últimos 12 meses. Los datos fueron recolectados en Agosto del 2002, utilizando un cuestionario auto administrado y distribuido, garantizando el anonimato. Se obtuvieron estos resultados: Las actitudes relacionadas a las drogas aprueban el uso de hojas de coca, uso de alcohol, uso de tranquilizantes y desaprueban el uso de cocaína. El uso personal de drogas en los últimos 12 meses corresponde a: hojas de coca diariamente, alcohol menos que una vez por semana y tabaco diariamente. El principal motivo de uso de estas drogas vinculase a la práctica religiosa; los estudiantes son introducidos por primera vez por familiares y por amigos/enamorados.Este trabalho representa os resultados do Uso e Atitudes relacionados ao álcool, tabaco, folhas de coca, tranqüilizantes e anfetaminas em estudantes de enfermagem da Universidade Mayor de San Andrés. O objetivo é analisar as atitudes mediante o uso das diferentes substâncias com aqueles que usaram ou não drogas nos últimos 12 meses. Os dados da amostra estratificada e intencional foram coletados em agosto de 2002, utilizando um questionário auto administrado distribuído para preservar o anonimato. Obtiveram-se estes resultados: as atitudes relacionadas às drogas demonstram a aprovação do uso das folhas de coca, álcool, tranqüilizantes e desaprovam o uso da cocaína. O uso pessoal de drogas nos últimos 12 meses corresponde a: às folhas de coca diariamente, ao álcool menos que uma vez por semana, e tabaco diariamente. O principal motivo do uso destas drogas vincula-se a prática religiosa; os estudantes são introduzidos pela primeira vez pelos familiares, pelos amigos/enamorados.This study presents the results of a research that examined the Use and Attitudes about alcohol, tobacco, coca leaves, tranquilizers and amphetamines among Nursing Students at the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés who had not used these substances over the last 12 months. Data were collected in August 2002 by means of a self-administered and distributed questionnaire, which guaranteed anonymity. The following results were obtained: Attitudes related to drugs approve of coca leaf and tranquilizer use and disapprove of cocaine. Personal use of drugs during the last 12 months corresponds to: daily use of coca leaves, alcohol less than once per week and tobacco every day. The main reason for using these drugs is related to religious practice; the students' first contact with drugs occurs through family members and (girl or boy friends.

  10. The social construction of bath in two communities temazcal of the mixteca region: Santiago Yolomecatl and San Andres Chicahuaxtla

    Alberto Valdés Cobos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The bathroom of temazcal is a knowledge of pre-Hispanic roots still practiced in rural and indigenous communities in our country. Studies on the temazcal have focused on its forms of construction and operation, however, the many therapeutic benefits temazcal bath attached to the human body, and women in particular, not have been sufficiently documented. In this case, two communities of the Oaxacan mixteca were studied: Santiago Yolomecatl and San Andrés Chicahuaxtla. In this study, a questionnaire was applied to 20 per cent of families in each of the communities, a questionnaire to allopathic doctors and six stories of life at temazcaleras. The results indicate a coincidence between patients and doctors in the study populations on the medicinal uses of the temazcal bath: after childbirth and for muscle aches, however, interviewed temazcaleras indicate diseases that cures this bath are: angina, flu, rheumatism,scars, muscle aches after childbirth and cramping. For its part, doctors support the idea of preserving the temazcal bath because it is a healing means to treat diseases through steam and faster recovery of the body. The constructivist analysis of the responses gathered in questionnaires and life stories shows that the medicinal uses of the temazcal, before being recognised as such go through a process of evaluation, filtration and social construction. This process of acceptance, perception and recognition occurs through rules of knowledge, ideological connotations, rules and socialsymbols.

  11. THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF BATH IN TWO COMMUNITIES TEMAZCAL OF THE MIXTECA REGION: SANTIAGO YOLOMECATL AND SAN ANDRES CHICAHUAXTLA

    Alberto Valdés-Cobos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The bathroom of temazcal is a knowledge of pre-Hispanic roots still practiced in rural and indigenous communities in our country. Studies on the temazcal have focused on its forms of construction and operation, however, the many therapeutic benefits temazcal bath attached to the human body, and women in particular, not have been sufficiently documented. In this case, two communities of the Oaxacan mixteca were studied: Santiago Yolomecatl and San Andrés Chicahuaxtla. In this study, a questionnaire was applied to 20 per cent of families in each of the communities, a questionnaire to allopathic doctors and six stories of life at temazcaleras. The results indicate a coincidence between patients and doctors in the study populations on the medicinal uses of the temazcal bath: after childbirth and for muscle aches, however, interviewed temazcaleras indicate diseases that cures this bath are: angina, flu, rheumatism, scars, muscle aches after childbirth and cramping. For its part, doctors support the idea of preserving the temazcal bath because it is a healing means to treat diseases through steam and faster recovery of the body. The constructivist analysis of the responses gathered in questionnaires and life stories shows that the medicinal uses of the temazcal, before being recognised as such go through a process of evaluation, filtration and social construction. This process of acceptance, perception and recognition occurs through rules of knowledge, ideological connotations, rules and social symbols.

  12. El arte de la conversión: modelos educativos del Colegio de San Andrés de Quito

    Andrea Lepage

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo analiza el papel que desempeñó el Colegio de San Andrés de Quito en la conversión de los indígenas durante el siglo XVI y el florecimiento de un centro importante de producción artística. El artículo propone que la designación actual del colegio, como una escuela de arte, puede ser una consecuencia tardía de la inestable relación entre arte y religión, tal como fue cultivada dentro de la institución franciscana. Se trató, por lo tanto, de una superposición del valor religioso sobre el artístico, mediante el cual se adoctrinaba a los estudiantes. El artículo enfatiza en la apropiación de destrezas artísticas por parte de los indígenas, quienes adquirieron dominio sobre estas artes, las mercadearon y provocaron una inesperada tensión en las concepciones franciscanas acerca de la religión y el uso del arte.

  13. An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County Texas

    Richard Weinbrandt; Robert C. Trentham; William Robinson

    1997-10-23

    For a part of the Foster and South Cowden (Grayburg-San Andres) oil fields, improvement in oil production has been accomplished, in part, by using ?pipeline fracturing? technology in the most recent completion to improve fluid flow rates, and filtration of waterflood injection water to preserve reservoir permeability. The 3D seismic survey acquired in conjunction with this DOE project has been used to calculate a 3D seismic inversion model, which has been analyzed to provide detailed maps of porosity within the productive upper 250 feet of the Grayburg Formation. Geologic data, particularly from logs and cores, have been combined with the geophysical interpretation and production history information to develop a model of the reservoir that defines estimations of remaining producible oil. The integrated result is greater than the sum of its parts, since no single data form adequately describes the reservoir. Each discipline relies upon computer software that runs on PC-type computers, allowing virtually any size company to affordably access the technology required to achieve similar results.

  14. A "coca-cola" shape: cultural change, body image, and eating disorders in San Andrés, Belize.

    Anderson-Fye, Eileen P

    2004-12-01

    Eating disorders have been associated with developing nations undergoing rapid social transition, including participation in a global market economy and heavy media exposure. San Andrés, Belize, a community with many risk factors associated with the cross-cultural development of eating disorders, has shown remarkable resistance to previously documented patterns, despite a local focus on female beauty. Drawing on longitudinal person-centered ethnography with adolescent girls, this article examines why this community appears exceptional in light of the literature. First, community beauty and body image ideals and practices are explicated. Then, a protective ethnopsychology is proposed as a key mediating factor of the rapid socio-cultural change among young women. Finally, possible nascent cases of eating disordered behavior are discussed in light of their unique phenomenology: that is, having to do more with economic opportunity in the tourism industry and less with personal distress or desire for thinness. Close, meaning-centered examination of eating and body image practices may aid understanding and prevention of eating disorders among adolescents undergoing rapid social change in situations of globalization and immigration. PMID:15847054

  15. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas

    Reeves, J.J.; Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Flanders, W.

    1996-02-02

    An enhanced oil recovery project is being proposed in response to the US Department of Energy`s Near Term Class 2 Oil Program for shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs. Productivity problems associated with a shallow shelf carbonate reservoir will be addressed by integrating high resolution 3-D seismic data, reservoir characterization techniques, and 3-D reservoir simulation. The purpose of the study is to yield results which will preserve access to existing well bores by identifying additional reserves. The general approach will be to shoot a 3-D seismic survey designed specifically for imaging the Grayburg/San Andres interval. The data will then be processed and interpreted using state of the art techniques aimed at identifying porosity, permeability barriers and their zones within the reservoir. A technical team will integrate existing geological data with the geophysical results of the seismic survey for detailed reservoir characterization. These results will be used in a 3-D reservoir simulation model to delineate flow units. A field demonstration of infill drilling and water flood development will follow. The authors expect the results of this study to demonstrate a methodology for reservoir characterization which is feasible for the independent operator. Furthermore, it will provide one of the first public demonstrations of the enhancement of reservoir characterization using high resolution 3-D seismic data. Additionally, it will showcase the improvement of water flood development by using an integrated multi-disciplinary approach, and the addition of otherwise unrecovered reserves by selective infill drilling. This report has four sections: summary of preliminary data; plots and maps; well production data; and well data.

  16. Valoración económica del buceo como estrategia de uso sostenible de la biodiversidad marina, archipielago de san andres y providencia, caribe colombiano.

    James Cruz. Johannie L.; Márquez Calle Germán

    2011-01-01

    El buceo es un uso alternativo y no consuntivo de la biodiversidad marina que, debidamente practicado, tiene bajo impacto ambiental, estimula la conservación de los arrecifes y es una opción económica para habitantes de áreas arrecifales o con potencial para el buceo. El archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, declarado por UNESCO Reserva Mundial de la Biosfera Seafl ower, con 65.000 km2 de Áreas Marinas Protegidas y un extenso complejo arrecifal coralino, tiene condiciones ...

  17. Velocidad de descomposición de la hojarasca en diferentes sustratos de manglar en San Andrés Isla, Caribe colombiano

    Mancera P. José Ernesto; Medina Calderón Jairo; Sierra Rozo Omar Alfonso; Santos-Martínez Adriana

    2007-01-01

    La degradación de la hojarasca de manglar fue estudiada en diferentes sustratos de tres humedales de manglar
    en San Andrés isla, Caribe colombiano. Las tasas de descomposición de Rhizophora mangle (mangle rojo),
    Laguncularia racemosa (mangle blanco) y Avicennia germinans (mangle negro) fueron medidas en bolsas tipo
    malla. Algunas bolsas fueron dispuestas bajo el suelo, otras sumergidas en el agua, y otras sobre la superficie
    del suelo. Dos humedales...

  18. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres reservoir, Foster and South Cowden fields, Ector County, Texas. Quarterly report, October--December, 1996

    Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Robertson, W.

    1997-03-17

    Seismic objectives addressed during the fourth quarter concerned seismic recognition of Grayburg carbonate porosity and development of maps of the distribution of seismic properties which can be related to reservoir porosity. Synthetic seismograms representing various porosity combinations for the Grayburg A sequence were interpolated in forward models to demonstrate waveform character, and a seismic inversion model was used as the basis for work with seismic-guided attribute maps which have been instrumental in defining porosity within the upper Grayburg. The geologic objectives addressed during the quarter were the integration of the geologic model into the 3D to accurately portray the lithologic markers, the coring and logging of the Witcher {number_sign}12, and working toward the development of a successful completion technique for the lower Grayburg and San Andres. Considerable effort went into developing a usable seismic velocity/log porosity transform. There were a number of engineering objectives this quarter. The development of a successful completion technique for the lower Grayburg and San Andres which would contact the maximum volume of reservoir, minimize potential water production, and be cost effective was a high priority. The Witcher {number_sign}12 was drilled, and Foster-Pegues {number_sign} 4 re-entered and converted to injection this Quarter. The first steps in the quantitative integration of seismic data into the reservoir simulation were taken this quarter. Work on water quality, buildup and fall off tests and the update of production and injection data in the model was ongoing.

  19. Development and recent activity of the San Andrés landslide on El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain

    Klimeš, Jan; Yepes, Jorge; Becerril, Laura; Kusák, Michal; Galindo, Inés; Blahut, Jan

    2016-05-01

    Extremely voluminous landslides with a long run-out (also known as megalandslides) on oceanic volcanic islands are infrequent denudational processes on such islands. At the same time, they represent a major geological hazard that must be looked into to avoid negative consequences for the inhabitants of these islands. Their occurrence can be related to periods of intense seismo-volcanic activity, similar to that which occurred on El Hierro Island over 2011-2012. Landslides on volcanic islands are studied using onshore and offshore geological, geophysical and geomorphological records, considering their unique triggering conditions (e.g. lava intrusions, eruptive vents, magma chamber collapses). Previous work has pointed out similarities between specific cases of landslides on volcanic islands and deep-seated gravitational slope deformations (DSGSDs) which are typical in high mountain settings. Nevertheless, the methodological approaches and concepts used to investigate DSGSDs are not commonly applied on volcanic islands studies, even though their use may provide new information about the development stage, recent movements and future hazards. Therefore, this approach for studying the San Andrés landslide (SAL) on El Hierro (Canary Islands) has been developed applying a detailed morphological field mapping, an interpretation of digital elevation models, structural measurements, kinematic testing, and a precise movement monitoring system. The acquired information revealed a strong structural influence on the landslide morphology and the presence of sets of weakened planes acting as the sliding surfaces of the SAL or secondary landslides within its body. The presence of secondary landslides, deep erosive gullies, coastal cliffs and high on-shore relative relief also suggests a high susceptibility to future landslide movement. Direct monitoring on the landslide scarps and the slip plane, performed between February 2013 and July 2014, using an automated optical-mechanical crack gauge with a precision of up to 10- 2 mm, detected creep movement in the order of 1 mm yr- 1 with a persistent sinistral component as well as episodic horizontal and a subtle vertical movement. This monitoring will continue in the future in order to verify the initial observations, which instead of long-term movement patterns, could represent a landslide response to the period of an intense seismo-volcanic activity during 2011-12.

  20. Velocidad de descomposición de la hojarasca en diferentes sustratos de manglar en San Andrés Isla, Caribe colombiano

    Mancera P. José Ernesto

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La degradación de la hojarasca de manglar fue estudiada en diferentes sustratos de tres humedales de manglar
    en San Andrés isla, Caribe colombiano. Las tasas de descomposición de Rhizophora mangle (mangle rojo,
    Laguncularia racemosa (mangle blanco y Avicennia germinans (mangle negro fueron medidas en bolsas tipo
    malla. Algunas bolsas fueron dispuestas bajo el suelo, otras sumergidas en el agua, y otras sobre la superficie
    del suelo. Dos humedales del estudio fueron de borde y uno de tipo interno. Algunos factores fisico-químicos que influyen sobre la descomposición de la materia orgánica vegetal fueron evaluados. El modelo de regresión que mejor de ajustó al comportamiento de descomposición fue el simple de raíz cuadrada. La interacción del tiempo con factores bióticos y abióticos determinó la perdida de biomasa foliar. Las mayores tasas de degradación se obtuvieron en humedales de borde; microambientes acuáticos y edáficos húmedos; sobre la especie A. germinans; y en los lugares con macrofauna consumidora asociada. En las etapas tempranas de descomposición
    se presentó la mayor velocidad de degradación. En general, el menor porcentaje medio de biomasa remanente después de seis semanas de incubación lo presentó A. germinans (35%, respecto a R. mangle (44% y L. racemosa (51%. La pedogénesis en San Andrés isla es autóctona, y reconocer el aporte de la necromasa
    foliar del manglar en la acumulación de sedimentos es indispensable para estimar la estabilidad de los habitats costeros frente a los cambios del nivel del mar e impactos ocasionados por eventuales disturbios naturales. Con base a los resultados obtenidos y aquéllos de trabajos previos relacionados con las tasas de productividad de hojarasca en los mismos humedales de estudio, se propone un modelo básico conceptualcuantitativo de la dinámica producción-descomposición de hojarasca en San Andrés isla.

  1. los nuevos pañamanes. Procesos identitarios y apropiación del espacio por el continental migrante colombiano en la Isla de San Andrés, Caribe Colombiano / The new pañamans. identity process and space appropriation by colombian continental migrants in San Andrés Island, Colombian Caribbean.

    González Delgadillo, Gabriel Gilberto

    2003-01-01

    El presente trabajo trata los procesos identitarios en población continental colombiana que viajó a San Andrés a mediados de 1980, teniendo en cuenta los fenómenos migratorios, así como el uso y la apropiación del espacio como factores que inciden en dichos procesos. La nacionalización, el nombramiento de Puerto Libre y la Constitución de 1991 fueron factores decisivos para que la vida de las islas y sus residentes tomaran un rumbo de deterioro social, económico, político y cultural, que e...

  2. Análisis histórico (1997-2005) de la calidad de las aguas costeras de la isla de San Andrés / Historical analisys (1997-2005) of the coastal water quality in San Andrés

    Palmer Cantilllo, Shelly

    2007-01-01

    La red de monitores de aguas costeras de San Andrés Islas se lleva a cabo desde 1997 a través de la Corporación CORALINA. Para efectos del análisis de este trabajose contó con los datos del monitoreo de las aguas costeras desde el año 1997 hasta los datos del año 2005. Se tienen en cuenta los parámetros salinidad, pH, temperatura, sólidos suspendidos totales, DBO5, nitrógeno (nitratos, nitratos y amonio), fosfatos, grasas y aceites, coliformes fecales y coliformes totales en 14 puntos alreded...

  3. Caracterización de la climatología y los efectos del ENSO sobre la isla de San Andrés, Colombia.

    Carmona Ramírez, Jaime Andrés; Poveda Jaramillo, Germán; VÉLEZ OTÁLVARO, MARÍA VICTORIA

    2010-01-01

    Usando datos de temperatura y velocidad de viento obtenidos a través de radiosonda en la isla San Andrés, y datos de lluvia de tres estaciones del IDEAM (Instituto de hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales), se estudió el comportamiento del ciclo anual de estas tres variables y la influencia de los fenómenos macro-climáticos El Niño/Oscilación del Sur (ENSO por sus siglas en inglés), la Oscilación del Atlántico Norte (NAO) y las variaciones de temperatura en la superficie del Atlá...

  4. Petrographic report on samples from units 4 and 5 salt, lower San Andres formation, J. Friemel No. 1 well, Deaf Smith County, Palo Duro Basin, Texas

    This report presents the results of mineralogic and petrographic analyses performed on samples of salt-bearing rock from a potential repository site in the Palo Duro Basin, Texas. The samples are from Permian Units 4 and 5 salt, Lower San Andres Formation, J. Friemel No. 1 well, Deaf Smith County, Texas. The mineralogic and petrographic data were obtained from polished thin sections cut parallel to the axis of the core for each sample. The polished thin sections were examined in order to determine the abundances of soluble (halite) and insoluble components (anhydrite, clay, carbonate, quartz, gypsum, etc.). The information reported here includes mineral associations (detrital, authigenic, cement, alteration, etc.), texture, grain size, and sedimentary fabrics. The report also includes representative photomicrographs with superimposed bar scales. Photomicrographs of polished thin sections have the up-core direction designated. X-ray diffraction was also used for identification of soluble and insoluble minerals. 7 refs., 2 tabs

  5. El turismo como estrategia de desarrollo económico: el caso de las islas de san andrés y providencia

    James Cruz, Johannie Lucía

    2014-01-01

    La inversión en Turismo se ha identificado como una estrategia de desarrollo económico en muchas regiones y países pobres. Pero qué tanto del recurso generado por el turismo se está traduciendo efectivamente en mejoras para la calidad de vida de los habitantes de estos territorios turísticos, es una de las cuestiones que aborda este artículo. Describe además las característicasdel turismo que se presenta en el archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, la región de Colombia más...

  6. Evolución de la arquitectura fluvial en sucesiones del Plioceno-Pleistoceno del centro-este de Argentina (aloformación Punta San Andres

    Elisa Beilinson

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Los depósitos de la Aloformación Punta San Andrés (Plio-Pleistoceno, registran la evolución de diferentes estilos de sistemas fluviales. Durante la primera etapa de la misma evolución, se desarrollaron sistemas de carga mixta, con canales de baja sinuosidad y alta participación de depósitos de planicie de inundación. Durante la segunda etapa, se verificó el cambio hacia un sistema de canales de mayor sinuosidad, entrelazados, donde los depósitos de planicie de inundación no tuvieron tanto protagonismo. Finalmente, la tercera etapa se caracterizó por el desarrollo de un sistema fluvial entrelazado clásico, sin preservación de depósitos de planicie de inundación. Durante la acumulación de la Aloformación Punta San Andrés, la glacioeustacia en asociación con el clima condicionó directamente el balance entre la tasa de generación de acomodación y el aporte sedimentario. Sin embargo, el análisis comparativo de los diversos índices e indicadores (arquitectura fluvial, paleosuelos, etc. ha mostrado una variabilidad para los sistemas bajo estudio la cual puede asignarse a diferentes jerarquías de procesos. De esta manera, se identificaron ciclos de agradación fluvial representados por una alternancia de alta frecuencia entre paleosuelos vérticos y cálcicos. En este caso las fluctuaciones en el nivel de base fueron las responsables de los cambios cíclicos en la tasa de generación de espacio de acomodación y de aporte sedimentario. La evolución de los sistemas depositacionales identificados puede asignarse a ciclos de mayor jerarquía, los cuales controlaron el diseño del drenaje mediante cambios en el espacio de acomodación y representan cambios en la tasa de generación de espacio de acomodación relacionados a cambios glacieustáticos de escala global.The deposits of the Punta San Andrés Alloformation (Plio-Pleistocene register the evolution of different styles of fluvial systems. During the first stage of this evolution, a mixed-load system was developed which included low-sinuosity channels and a high participation of floodplain deposits. During the second stage the system shifted towards a higher sinuosity, braided fluvial system where the floodplain deposits didn't have so much participation. Finally, the third stage was characterized by the development of a classic braided fluvial system, without any preservation of floodplain deposits. During the Punta San Andrés Alloformation accummulation, glaci-eustatic changes and climate exerted a fundamental control on the balance between generation of accommodation space rate and sedimentary supply. Nevertheless, comparative analysis of the diverse indicators (fluvial architecture, paleosols, etc. has shown a strong variability for the studied depositional systems that can be assigned to different process hierarchies. In this way, fluvial aggradational cycles are represented by high-frequency alternation between calcic and vertic paleosols. In this case, base level fluctuations were responsible for the cyclic accommodation rate - sediment supply change. The evolution of the identified depositional systems can be assigned to higher-order cycles, which controlled drainage design by changes in accommodation space and represents changes in the rate of generation of accommodation space linked to glaci-eustatic changes at a global scale.

  7. Recolonización del archipiélago de San Benito, Baja California, por el lobo fino de Guadalupe The re-colonization of the Archipelago of San Benito, Baja California, by the Guadalupe fur seal

    Manuel Esperón-Rodríguez

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el estado actual de la recolonización del archipiélago de San Benito por el lobo fino de Guadalupe (Arctocephalus townsendi. El archipiélago tiene una gran importancia para esta especie, ya que puede consolidarse en un futuro como otro sitio de reproducción, lo que implicaría un gran avance en su recuperación natural. El incremento y la estructura poblacional, el comportamiento alimenticio, la duración de los viajes de alimentación (que evidencian una fuente importante de alimento cercana y la atención a las crías son factores que permiten analizar y estudiar el proceso de crecimiento de San Benito como una nueva colonia reproductiva. Esta expansión del territorio puede ser reflejo de la naturaleza gregaria de la especie y la fidelidad hacia los sitios reproductivos. La importancia de este trabajo radica en que es una descripción inicial de la recolonización de una especie que estuvo a punto de desaparecer. Puede esperarse que el número de individuos en el archipiélago continúe aumentando, ya que es poco probable que a corto plazo el espacio reproductivo y la disponibilidad de alimento limiten el nacimiento de crías y el crecimiento de la población.The aim of this paper is to analize the re-colonization process of the San Benito Archipelago by the Guadalupe fur seal (Arctocephalus townsendi. The archipelago is of great importance for the species, since it can be consolidated in the future as a breeding colony, which would imply a great achievement for the fur seal's natural recovery. Population growth, population structure, feeding behavior, foraging trips duration (which shows an important feeding area near, behavior and pup attendance, are characteristics that help analyze and study this process; where San Benito grows as a colony and, therefore, is established as a new breeding colony. Furthermore, this expansion of the breeding territory might reflect the gregarious nature of the species, and fidelity to breeding areas as well. The importance of this work is that it is an initial description of the recolonization of a species that almost disappears. It can be expected to continue increasing the number of individuals at the archipelago, since it is unlikely that in a short period of time, the breeding territory and the food availability limit the birth of offspring and the population growth.

  8. Report of new invasive scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea), Crypticerya multicicatrices Kondo and Unruh (Monophlebidae) and Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Pseudococcidae), on the islands of San Andres and Providencia, Colombia, with an updated taxonomic key to iceryine scale insects of South America

    Kondo, Takusama; Gullan,Penny; Ramos Portilla, Andrea Amalia

    2013-01-01

    The multicicatrices fluted scale, Crypticerya multicicatrices Kondo and Unruh (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Monophlebidae) is reported from the islands of San Andres and Providencia, Colombia, as a recent invasive species. This scale insect is polyphagous, and attacks numerous plants of economic importance such as avocado, breadfruit, mango, papaya and tropical ornamental plants. A compiled list of 95 host plant species of C. multicicatrices is given. A diagnosis of the adult female of C. multicicat...

  9. Descripcin morfoagronmica de materiales de pltano (Musa AAB, ABB y banano (Musa AAA cultivados en San Andrs Isla Morpho-agronomic Description of Plantain (Musa AAB, ABB and Banana (Musa AAA Materials Grown in San Andres Island

    Oscar Javier Parra Pachn

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Durante el primer semestre de 2005 se estudiaron los cultivares de pltano y banano en fincas y parcelas de 15 agricultores tpicos participantes en programas conjuntos de la Secretara de Agricultura y Pesca de San Andrs Isla y de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Caribe. A partir de descriptores de INIBAP, IPGRI y CIRAD y revisiones bibliogrficas.se describen morfolgicamente los materiales de Musa cultivados en la Isla, as como las prcticas de los productores isleos, Se identificaron cuatro clones del subgrupo pltano (Musa AAB: un Hartn (Horse y tres Dominico-Hartn (Tallo Negro, Tallo Blanco y Cincuenta del subgrupo ABB se hallaron un material de Bluggoe (Bosc y un Felipita. El subgrupo banano AAA present dos materiales Gros Michel (denominados Comn y Chino y uno de banano (Rojo. El pltano tiene gran importancia para los agricultores de la Isla, siendo el Bosc el clon ms aceptado entre consumidores por su adaptacin a las condiciones edafolgicas y climticas. El banano es menos cultivado; ya que los suelos, el clima y las enfermedades como sigatoka negra, condicionaron el desarrollo de clones. El trabajo sugiere prcticas de fcil implementacin que podran aumentar la produccin en los sistemas de huerto mixto tropical que predominan en la Isla.During the first semester, 2005 we studied the plantain and banana cultivars in small farms of 15 volunteer regular producers, who were participating in joint programs of the Agriculture and Fisheries Secretariat of San Andres Island and the Colombian National University Caribbean Headquarters. We described morphologically the Musa cultivars identified in the island, as well as agricultural practices of the island producers, using the INIBAP, IPGRI and CIRAD (1996 descriptors and bibliographical reviews. We identified four clones within the plantain sub-group Musa AAB: a Horn type and three French-Horn; and within the ABB sub-group a Bluggoe (dubbed Bosc and a Felipita type. The banana sub-group AAA had two Gros Michel type, known as Banano Comn and Banano Chino, as well as one of red banana (Banano Rojo. The plantain culture has paramount importance for San Andres farmers, and the clone named Bosc is the preferred one for its taste, and its adaptation to the edaphic and climatic conditions. Banana is less cultivated; the soil and the climate, as well as diseases (v.gr. the leaf spot disease or sigatoka determined the growth of their clones. This work suggests a list of easy to implement agronomic practices that would enhance the production of the predominant producing systems of the island.

  10. Valoración económica del buceo como estrategia de uso sostenible de la biodiversidad marina, Archipielago de San Andres y Providencia, Caribe Colombiano.

    James Cruz. Johannie L.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El buceo es un uso alternativo y no consuntivo de la biodiversidad marina que, debidamente practicado, tiene bajo impacto ambiental, estimula la conservación de los arrecifes y es una opción económica para habitantes de áreas arrecifales o con potencial para el buceo. El archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, declarado por UNESCO Reserva Mundial de la Biosfera Seafl ower, con 65.000 km2 de Áreas Marinas Protegidas y un extenso complejo arrecifal coralino, tiene condiciones para convertirse en un sitio de buceo de nivel mundial. Sin embargo, es poco conocido. Esta investigación analiza el potencial económico del buceo en esta región y lo compara con el de sitios muy reconocidos como Bonaire y Gran Caimán. Mediante análisis de la disponibilidad a pagar de buzos visitantes, se intenta valorar el buceo y se caracteriza el tipo de buzos que vienen al archipiélago. Se encontró disposición a pagar cifras superiores a las que se paga actualmente en otras partes del Caribe. Con un potencial estimado en $241 millones de dólares de ingresos anuales, el buceo es una interesante alternativa de desarrollo económico sostenible para estas islas que, a pesar de recibir 360.000 turistas al año, aún presentan un 66.9% de pobreza y altos niveles de desempleo.

  11. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. Annual report, August 1, 1996--July 31, 1997

    Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Robinson, W.

    1997-12-01

    The objective of this two-phase study is to demonstrate an integrated methodology for reservoir characterization of shallow shelf carbonate reservoir that is feasible, and cost effective for the independent operator. Furthermore, it will provide one of the first public demonstrations of the enhancement of reservoir characterization using high-resolution three dimensional (3D) seismic data. This particular project is evaluating the Grayburg and San Andres reservoirs in the Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. This 68 year old field was approaching its economic limit and the leases evaluated would have been abandoned in 10 years. A multidisciplinary approach to waterflood design and implementation, along with the addition of reserves by selective infill drilling and deepening, is being applied to this field. This approach in reservoir development will be applicable to a wide range of shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs throughout the US. The first phase of the project included the design, acquisition, and interpretation of the 3D seismic survey, the collection and evaluation of geologic (core and log) data, and engineering (historical production, well test, injection) data from a variety of sources. From this work, a geologically based production history model was simulated. Based on the recommendations made at the end of Phase One, three new wells were drilled, one existing well was deepened, two wells were worked over, one TA`d well was re-entered, and one well was converted to injection. In addition, the quality of the injection water was greatly improved, a step necessary prior to increasing injection in the project area. The realignment of the waterflood and all additional well work await the completion of the seismic based history match and engineering simulation.

  12. Problemáticas y Alternativas en la Enseñanza de la Química en la Educación Media en la Isla de San Andrés, Colombia

    Rosa Rodríguez, Luis Ramón de la

    2011-01-01

    Se evaluó la actitud de los estudiantes de grado 11 de educación media de la isla de San Andrés hacia la química en tres aspectos: la enseñanza de la asignatura, la importancia de la química en la formación profesional y la importancia de la química en la vida cotidiana. A partir de los resultados obtenidos mediante la aplicación de una encuesta de evaluación basada en la escala de Likert, se identificaron algunos factores que influyen sobre las actitudes negativas encontradas. Se presentan u...

  13. Prospección ecológica del manglar y praderas marinas como hábitats de cría para peces arrecifales en San Andrés isla, Caribe insular colombiano.

    Sierra Rozo, Omar; Santos Martínez, Adriana; Acero P., Arturo

    2012-01-01

    La estructura de la ictiofauna asociada a un área de manglar y dos de praderas de pastos marinos fue evaluada en San Andrés Isla (Reserva de Biósfera Seaflower) para determinar el carácter de hábitats de cría de estos ecosistemas. La composición, abundancia y estado de desarrollo de los peces arrecifales en cada biotopo, durante la temporada de lluvias, se estimó mediante censos visuales realizados en transectos de banda. Se contabilizó un total de 1908 individuos predominantemente jóvenes (9...

  14. Estado del sector agua potable y saneamiento básico en la zona rural de la isla de San Andrés, en el contexto de la reserva de biosfera

    Arboleda Garzón, Luz Estela

    2010-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar el estado de la infraestructura de servicios básicos que conforman el sector agua potable y saneamiento básico en la zona rural de la isla de San Andrés en el contexto de la denominación de “Reserva de Biosfera Seaflower” (denominación hecha por la UNESCO dentro del programa MAB “El hombre y la biosfera” en el año 2000), con el fin de discernir sobre la situación encontrada y con ello fundamentar y soportar la necesidad de la implementación de program...

  15. Análisis del modelo turístico de la isla de San Andrés, reserva de biosfera seaflower, Caribe colombiano. Una exploración del estado actual.

    Paula Andrea Zuluaga Cadavid

    2006-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza el modelo turístico de la isla de San Andrés y su correspondencia con una visión que busca el desarrollo de la actividad en un área de manejo especial, se realiza una revisión de los planes actuales de desarrollo territorial y turístico para el destino. Se estudia cómo estos ponderan la calidad territorial y ambiental. Estos factores son fundamentales en la competitividad turística del destino, en respuesta a su declaración como Reserva de Biosfera Seaflower por la unesco...

  16. Redescubrimiento de mabuya berengerae, mabuya pergravis (squamata: scincidae) y coniophanes andresensis (squamata: colubridae) y evaluación de su estado de amenaza en las islas de san andrés y providencia, colombia

    JOSÉ RANCES CAICEDO-PORTILLA

    2014-01-01

    Se presenta nueva información sobre la taxonomía, la distribución y la historia natural de los lagartos Mabuya berengerae y M. pergravis; así como de la serpiente Coniophanes andresensis, tres especies endémicas y poco conocidas de las islas de San Andrés y Providencia, las cuales se creían muy raras e incluso extintas. A pesar del poco tiempo de estudio en las islas, se evidenció que los lagartos no son raros, encontrándose hasta ocho ejemplares cada media hora. La evaluación del estado de c...

  17. Reconfiguración de alianzas políticas en contextos críticos: los caciques de San Andrés de Machaca (Pacajes, Audiencia de Charcas, siglos XV-XVII)

    Ariel Jorge Morrone

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo explora las estrategias de reconfiguración política articuladas por los líderes étnicos de San Andrés de Machaca (actual provincia Ingavi, departamento de La Paz, Bolivia), en tres contextos críticos: la invasión incaica (a mediados del siglo xv), la sistematización del orden colonial hispánico (fines del siglo xvi) y el desarrollo posterior de este sistema (primera mitad del siglo xvii). Cada situación definió nuevas reglas del juego político, ante las cuales las autoridades étn...

  18. Efecto de los inoculantes microbianos sobre la promoción de crecimiento de plantulas de mangle y plantas de citrullus vulgaris san andrés isla, colombia

    Galindo, Tania; Polanía, Jaime; Sánchez, Jimena; Moreno, Nubia; Vanegas, Javier; Holguín, Gina

    2011-01-01

    Con el fin de probar la efectividad de dos inoculantes microbianos (aislados a partir de raicillas de mangle rojo y negro) en el crecimiento y establecimiento de plántulas de mangle y de patilla, se realizaron cuatro pruebas en campo en San Andrés Isla, Colombia. Se aplicaron dichos inoculantes en: propágulos de Avicennia germinans colectados en un área de manglar y sembrados en macetas sobre sustrato solarizado (con el fin de disminuir la carga microbiana), plántulas de A. germinans y Rhizop...

  19. Microbial Inoculantes Effects on Growth Promotion of Mangrove and Citrullus vulgaris San Andrés Isla, Colombia Efecto de los inoculantes microbianos sobre la promoción de crecimiento de plantulas de mangle y plantas de Citrullus vulgaris San Andrés Isla, Colombia

    Galindo Tania

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to test the effect of two microbial inoculants (obtained from red and black mangrove roots on the growth and stability of mangrove and watermelon plants, four treatments were carried out in San Andres Island, Colombia. The treatments consisted in the application of the inoculants in: A. germinans propagules collected in a mangrove area, and then individually planted in gavels with sun-pasteurized soil (in order to decrease the microbial load, A. germinans and R. mangle plants collected in the proximity of nursery trees, A. germinans and R. mangle planted and maintained in nursery, and in Citrullus vulgaris seeds planted in a traditional cultivar without chemical fertilizers. The growth and vegetative development variables were: number of nodes, number of leaves and steam length. The inoculants (phosphate solubilizing microorganisms -PSM- and nitrogen fixing bacteria -NFB- were applied in the mentioned vegetable material, doing measures during three months. The results show a positive effect on growth measured by steam length in plants treated specifically with the inoculants in C. vulgaris and A. germinans seedlings maintained in nursery.Con el fin de probar la efectividad de dos inoculantes microbianos (aislados a partir de raicillas de mangle rojo y negro en el crecimiento y establecimiento de plántulas de mangle y de patilla, se realizaron cuatro pruebas en campo en San Andrés Isla, Colombia. Se aplicaron dichos inoculantes en: propágulos de Avicennia germinans colectados en un área de manglar y sembrados en macetas sobre sustrato solarizado (con el fin de disminuir la carga microbiana, plántulas de A. germinans y Rhizophora mangle colectadas en cercanía de árboles semilleros, plántulas de A. germinans y R. mangle sembradas y mantenidas en vivero y en semillas de patilla (Citrullus vulgaris sembradas en un cultivo libre de fertilizantes químicos. Las variables tomadas como indicativo de crecimiento y desarrollo vegetal fueron: número de nodos, número de hojas y longitud del tallo. Los inoculantes (microorganismos solubilizadores de fosfatos -MSF- y bacterias fijadoras de nitrógeno -BFN- se aplicaron en el material vegetal mencionado, efectuando mediciones durante tres meses. Los resultados muestran un efecto positivo de estimulación de crecimiento medido en longitud del tallo en las plantas tratadas con los inoculantes, específicamente en patilla y propágulos de A. germinans mantenidos en vivero.

  20. Gestión ambiental para los subproductos derivados de una planta de tratamiento de aguas en el Jardín Botánico de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia y comparación con sistemas similares en San Andrés Isla / Environmental management for by products derived from a plan of wastewater treatment in the botanical gardens of the national university of Colombia and comparison with similar systems in San Andres Island

    Rodríguez Cotua, Eder Andrés

    2008-01-01

    Las plantas de tratamiento de aguas residuales (PTAR) han sido diseñados para el control de la contaminación de las aguas residuales domésticas e industriales. El jardín Botánico de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia ubicado en la isla de San Andrés (Caribe Colombiano), esta instalando una PTAR de lodos activados la cual producirá lodos biológicos y aguas tratadas. Como parte de la asignatura trabajo de grado se realizó una pasantia con el fin de gestionar ambientalmente los subproductos de ...

  1. Análisis de facies y paleoambiental de alta resolución de la Aloformación Punta San Andrés (Plio-Pleistoceno, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Elisa Beilinson

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available La Aloformación Punta San Andrés aflora principalmente a lo largo de las barrancas costeras que se desarrollan desde la ciudad de Mar del Plata hasta la ciudad de Miramar y comprende las sedimentitas de edad plio-pleistocenas interpretadas como depósitos continentales de planicies aluviales, sistemas fluviales de baja sinuosidad y cuerpos de agua someros. El presente trabajo tiene por finalidad efectuar un análisis de alta resolución de facies sedimentarias así como de asociaciones de facies y arquitectura de los cuerpos sedimentarios presentes en los afloramientos de Baliza San Andrés y Complejo Turístico Chapadmalal de la Aloformación Punta San Andrés con el propósito de elaborar un modelo conceptual y dinámico de los ambientes depositacionales que la conformaron. Basado en el trabajo de campo y de laboratorio realizado, se definieron en primera instancia dos grandes grupos de facies, unas de origen depositacional y otras de origen postdepositacional, las cuales se agruparon en cuatro asociaciones de facies según los procesos que le dieron origen y según su arquitectura (AF I a IV: canales fijos de baja sinuosidad, canales móviles de alta sinuosidad, lóbulo de explayamiento y planicie de inundación pedogenizada. El análisis de estas asociaciones permitió definir ambientes depositacionales cuya sucesión e interrelación permite inferir un cambio progresivo en las condiciones de acomodación y paleoclimáticas imperantes durante su desarrollo.The continental deposits of the Punta San Andrés Alloformation (Plio-Pleistocene crop out in the marine cliffs of south eastern Buenos Aires province (Fig. 1. The deposits of this unit have been assigned to different continental sub-environments such as floodplains, fluvial channels and temporary water bodies (Zárate, 1989. The aim of this work is to perform a high-resolution facies and facies association analysis as well as an architectural characterization of the sedimentary bodies cropping out in Baliza San Andrés and Complejo Turístico Chapadmalal (Fig. 1. This information will be used to elaborate a conceptual and dynamic model of the depositional environments present in the Punta San Andrés Alloformation and to define main controlling factors over its accumulation. The study area is located in a typical passive margin controlled by transversal extensional systems that originated rift basins (aulacogens with very little basaltic magmatism (Ramos, 1996; Parker et al. 2008. This area experienced block rotation due to isostatic equilibrium and sedimentary overload. Accumulation of post-Miocene deposits was favored by a high sedimentary dynamic associated with the rise of the Andean Cordillera (Turic et al. 1996; Parker et al. 2008. More specifically, the study area is located in the southeastern part of the Tandilia Geological Province (Rolleri, 1975, Fig. 1. The pioneer papers on stratigraphy of the Mar del Plata and Miramar marine cliffs were carried out by Ameghino (1908, Frenguelli (1921 and Kraglievich (1952, 1953, 1959 (Figs.2, 3. The sedimentological characterization of these deposits was made by Teruggi et al. (1956 and Zárate (1989. This last author also proposed an allostratigraphic framework which intended to unify and simplify the late Cenozoic stratigraphy (Fig. 2. The rich vertebrate fauna present in the Punta San Andrés Alloformation and related units was studied since the first contributions by Ameghino (1908. These studies were the basis for the South American Late Cenozoic biostratigraphic scheme (Fig. 2; Marshall, 1985; Cione and Tonni, 1995, 1999. According to Zárate (1989, the Punta San Andrés Alloformation unconformably overlays the Pliocene continental deposits of the Punta Martínez de Hoz, Playa Los Lobos and Playa San Carlos alloformations. Its lateral extent is about 15 km from the Arroyo Lobería to Punta Vorohué (Fig. 1 and it also crops out between Arroyo Lobería and Playa San Carlos (Fig. 1. The mean thickness of the Punta San Andrés Alloformation is 15 meters. Internally, it is subdivided into three allomembers limited by discontinuity surfaces with a lateral extent that allows mapping them at 1:25.000 scale (Zárate, 1989; Fig. 2. Because of the high mineralogical and textural homogeneity (silty sand and reworked loessoid silt of the cenozoic deposits in the study area (Teruggi et al., 1956 the discrimination amongst the different units is based on the abundance of the channelized facies, the carbonatic precipitation and the degree of development and maturity of paleosoils (Zárate, 1989. During field work 10 detailed, 1:50 scaled sedimentological profiles were made at Baliza San Andrés and Complejo Turístico Chapadmalal (Fig. 1 from which the 4 more complete are shown in figure 4. All stratigraphic logs were described in detail and focus was made in grain size, lithology, primary sedimentary structures, bioturbation, fossil content, scale and geometry of the lithosomes; all of these useful features to define sedimentary facies (Reading and Levell, 1996. The abundance of post depositional features (mainly pedogenetic in the Punta San Andrés Alloformation made necessary the subdivision of sedimentary facies into two groups: depositional and post-depositional. The depositional facies were classified and described according to Miall´s scheme (1978, 2006, which was modified to facilitate their description and interpretation (Table 1. The post-depositional carbonatic facies were described according to Zárate´s scheme (1989 in which the studied features are the geometry of the calcareous accumulation (development in one, two or three dimensions, internal structure, hardness, abundance and lateral extent. The analysis of the seven depositional facies (Table 1 led to interpret a continental environment where unidirectional streams allowed the migration of 3D and 2D dunes as well as the lateral migration of side bars (facies Cig, ACt, ACs, Ah and Ae. It also made clear the presence of paleosoils developed on sheet-flood or splay deposits (facies Alp and of suspension-related sediments (facies Pm. The analysis of the three post-depositional facies (Table 1 led to the identification of carbonatization processes related to pedogenesis (facies Bc and Tm and to diagenesis in a vadose environment (facies Tp. The sedimentary facies were grouped into four facies associations (FA; Table 2. Facies associations I and II are related to fluvial channels and FA III and IV are related to floodplains. In the first group, fixed, lowsinuosity channels were differentiated from mobile, high-sinuosity channels based on their symmetric, simple ribbon geometry (Friend et al. 1979; Gibling, 2006 and their constituent facies (Cig, ACt and Ae as opposed to multiepisodic, complex ribbons (Friend et al., 1979 with participation of Cig, ACt, ACs, Ah and Ae facies. The floodplain associations were divided in crevasse-splay and calcic paleosoils associations. The first one is composed of Alp facies, has a wedge-like geometry, a coarsening-upward arrangement, laterally related to fixed, low-sinuosity channels and a lateral extension over 3 kilometers (Figs. 10a, b. The former is mainly composed of Tp and Tm facies, has a tabular geometry, also laterally related to fixed, low-sinuosity channel and a lateral extension of hundreds of meters. Even though these four facies associations can be found all over the Punta San Andrés Alloformation, it is possible to identify three different sections (A, B and C, Figs. 9 and 11 in which their arrangement and proportions vary. Each of these sections is associated with specific depositional conditions that determined a characteristic fluvial system. Section A involves the lower and middle allomembers (Fig. 2. It is represented by floodplain deposits (both crevasse-splay and calcic paleosoils associations in a rhythmic arrangement that are considered to represent a terminal fluvial system. The calcic paleosoils are interpreted to represent a dry and arid climate (Marriott and Wright, 1993; Balin, 2000 under a reduced rate of accommodation creation (Marriott and Wright, 1993; Cleveland et al., 2007. Because of the presence of iron nucleids and clay coatings, the crevasse-splay deposits are interpreted to represent wetter climatic conditions (Davies-Vollum and Kraus, 2001 and developed under a greater rate of accommodation creation (Cleveland et al., 2007. Section B (upper allomember is also made up of floodplain deposits, although coarser and much more dissected by a larger proportion of complex channels. Hence, they are interpreted as a proximal floodplain. Finally, section C is represented by mobile, highsinuosity channel deposits in such a high proportion that in some parts of the outcrops there is no preservation of floodplain deposits. To summarize, for the Punta San Andrés Alloformation deposits cropping out in Baliza San Andrés and Complejo Turístico Chapadmalal, four facies associations can be proposed based on the facies analysis of the sediments and its geometry. The analysis of these associations allowed defining depositional environments whose interrelation reflected a progressive change in the paleoclimatic and accommodation conditions, probably related to base-level changes. For section A, climate is interpreted to have been dry and arid and related to low accommodation space. During deposition of section B, climate became wetter and accommodation space was increased. Section C is characterized by a lowering in the local base level that led to negative accommodation with fluvial incision. Deposition of channel fills and floodplain deposits indicate the return of positive accommodation space and wet climate.

  2. La Biblioteca Max von Buch de la Universidad de San Andrés y sus investigadores: Segunda parte de Un estudio de las necesidades de información, hábitos y características de Investigadores en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales The Max von Buch library of the Universidad de San Andres and its researchers: Second part of A study of the information needs, habits and characteristics of Humanities and Social Science Researchers

    Irene Münster

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Tal como fue mencionado en el artículo anterior el presente estudio fue elaborado con el propósito de entender e identificar las necesidades, el proceso de búsqueda de información, las características y los hábitos de los investigadores en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de San Andrés (UdeSA. En esta segunda parte del mismo se ha intentado identificar y evaluar su conducta en la Biblioteca Max von Buch de la Universidad a través del uso de los servicios que ésta les ofrece. Se ponen a consideración los resultados de una encuesta realizada, de la que se adjunta la segunda parte del formulario, con el fin de detectar sus necesidades de información.As mentioned in the previous article, the present study was conducted to understand and identify the characteristics, needs and habits of research from the Humanities and Social Sciences researchers at the Universidad de San Andres (UdeSA. This second part tries to identify and evaluate their performance at the Max von Buch library of the University through the services that it provides them. The results of the survey are presented, together with the second part of the questionnaire, with the aim of identifying information needs.

  3. Determinación de los conceptos técnico operativos para el Plan de Manejo de Aguas Subterráneas de la isla de San Andrés

    Carmona Ramírez, Jaime Andrés

    2010-01-01

    El presente estudio está enfocado al estudio y modelación del acuífero kárstico de la isla de San Andrés, con el fin de cuantificar el potencial hidrogeológico del mismo, de tal forma que sirva como soporte técnico para el manejo y la gestión de las aguas subterráneas de la isla. Los resultados más relevantes han sido la modelación numérica de un medio discontinuo en un software de diferencias finitas diseñado para medios homogéneos e isotrópicos, la caracterización de la hidrología de la ...

  4. Reconfiguración de alianzas políticas en contextos críticos: los caciques de San Andrés de Machaca (Pacajes, Audiencia de Charcas, siglos XV-XVII

    Ariel Jorge Morrone

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo explora las estrategias de reconfiguración política articuladas por los líderes étnicos de San Andrés de Machaca (actual provincia Ingavi, departamento de La Paz, Bolivia, en tres contextos críticos: la invasión incaica (a mediados del siglo xv, la sistematización del orden colonial hispánico (fines del siglo xvi y el desarrollo posterior de este sistema (primera mitad del siglo xvii. Cada situación definió nuevas reglas del juego político, ante las cuales las autoridades étnicas apelaron a una variedad de prácticas: la reorganización territorial, la asignación de recursos (de consumo y de prestigio, los rituales de negociación, la memoria genealógica y el tramado de redes personales.

  5. Proyecto de un servicio funcional a prestar en una biblioteca universitaria: "El Servicio de Información Departamental" de la Biblioteca Max von Buch (Universidad de San Andrés

    Moira Guppy

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo -elaborado para el Seminario "La organización de los Servicios al Público en la Biblioteca" (UBA, 1998- describe el proyecto de un servicio a desarrollar en la Biblioteca Max von Buch de la Universidad de San Andrés. El "Servicio de Información Departamental" ofrecerá a los docentes e investigadores acceso a los recursos disponibles dentro de su área temática (Internet, bases de datos, índices de artículos de publicaciones periódicas, revistas en texto completo, series estadísticas, etc. Estará elaborado en dos formatos: un cd-rom actualizado periódicamente, y una página Web en línea especialmente diseñada. Con la implementación de este servicio se logrará un gran ahorro de tiempo en la búsqueda, análisis, tratamiento y difusión de la información destinada a la investigación académica.This paper -presented at the seminary "Public Services Organization at the Library"- describes a project to be developed at the Max von Buch Library, Universidad de San Andrés. The "Academic Information Service" would be design to provide access to researchers and faculty to all the resources available whithin each discipline and research area in the Internet, databases, periodical indexes, full text periodicals, statistical data, etc. They will gain access to it from a cd-rom which would be updated periodically, and a web page specially designed. The implementation of this project would provide faculty with qualified information along with considerable time saving in their researches.

  6. Valoración del servicio ambiental hidrológico en el sector doméstico de San Andrés Tuxtla, Veracruz, México

    Ana Lid del Ángel Pérez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre las iniciativas de conservación en México, existe un programa de pago por servicios ambientales en áreas de gran importancia por sus valores ecológicos. Un caso es el de San Andrés Tuxtla, Veracruz, donde el pago no representa una opción económica sostenible a los dueños de predios, por lo que deberá incorporarse también el reconocimiento social. El objetivo del trabajo fue obtener el valor del bosque y paisajes alternativos en la población que recibe sus beneficios en forma de agua. Se realizó trabajo de campo y fueron aplicadas 241 encuestas. Se usó el método de valoración contingente y se incluyeron fotografías de paisajes alternativos a bosque, calificadas en función de su importancia para la economía y la conservación. Se obtuvo la disposición positiva a pagar por mantener el dosel, asociada a ciertas características de la población donde sobresalen ingreso, escolaridad y edad; los datos muestran que el pago deberá considerar valores económicos como costo de oportunidad y reforestación, además del reconocimiento social.

  7. Efecto de inoculantes microbianos sobre la promoción de crecimiento de plántulas de mangle y plantas de Citrullus vulgaris San Andrés Isla, Colombia

    Galindo-Castañeda T.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de probar la efectividad de dos inoculantes microbianos (producidos a partir de raicillas de mangle rojo y negro en el crecimiento y establecimiento de plántulas de mangle y de patilla, se realizaron cuatro pruebas en campo en San Andrés isla, Colombia. Se aplicaron dichos inoculantes
    en: propágulos de Avicennia germinans colectados en un área de manglar, plántulas de A. germinans y Rhizophora mangle colectadas en cercanía de árboles semilleros, plántulas de A. germinans y R. mangle sembradas y mantenidas en vivero y en semillas de patilla sembradas en un cultivo tradicional libre de fertilizantes químicos. Las variables tomadas como indicativo de crecimiento y desarrollo vegetal fueron: número de nodos, número de hojas y longitud del tallo. Se aislaron selectivamente microorganismos solubilizadores de fosfatos -MSF- y fijadores de nitrógeno -BFNescogiendo los de mayor eficiencia mediante métodos cuantitativos in vitro, para posterior fermentación
    bajo condiciones controladas. Los inoculantes obtenidos se aplicaron en el material vegetal mencionado, efectuando mediciones durante tres meses. Los resultados muestran un efecto positivo de estimulación de crecimiento medido en longitud del tallo en las plantas tratadas con los inoculantes, específicamente en patilla y propágulos de A. germinans mantenidos en vivero.

  8. Descripción morfoagronómica de materiales de plátano (Musa AAB, ABB y banano (Musa AAA cultivados en San Andrés Isla

    Oscar Javier Parra Pachón

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Durante el primer semestre de 2005 se estudiaron los cultivares de plátano y banano en fincas y parcelas de 15 agricultores típicos participantes en programas conjuntos de la Secretaría de Agricultura y Pesca de San Andrés Isla y de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Caribe. A partir de descriptores de INIBAP, IPGRI y CIRAD y revisiones bibliográficas.se describen morfológicamente los materiales de Musa cultivados en la Isla, así como las prácticas de los productores isleños, Se identificaron cuatro clones del subgrupo plátano (Musa AAB: un Hartón (‘Horse’ y tres Dominico-Hartón (‘Tallo Negro’, ‘Tallo Blanco’ y ‘Cincuenta’ del subgrupo ABB se hallaron un material de Bluggoe (‘Boscó’ y un Felipita. El subgrupo banano AAA presentó dos materiales Gros Michel (denominados Común y Chino y uno de banano (Rojo. El plátano tiene gran importancia para los agricultores de la Isla, siendo el Boscó el clon más aceptado entre consumidores por su adaptación a las condiciones edafológicas y climáticas. El banano es menos cultivado; ya que los suelos, el clima y las enfermedades como sigatoka negra, condicionaron el desarrollo de clones. El trabajo sugiere prácticas de fácil implementación que podrían aumentar la producción en los sistemas de huerto mixto tropical que predominan en la Isla.

  9. Impact of the 2015 El Niño-Southern Oscillation on the Abundance and Foraging Habits of Guadalupe Fur Seals and California Sea Lions from the San Benito Archipelago, Mexico

    Elorriaga-Verplancken, Fernando R.; Sierra-Rodríguez, Gema E.; Rosales-Nanduca, Hiram; Acevedo-Whitehouse, Karina; Sandoval-Sierra, Julieta

    2016-01-01

    The abundance of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) (CSLs) and Guadalupe fur seals (Arctocephalus philippii townsendi) (GFSs) from the San Benito Archipelago (SBA) was determined through nine monthly surveys in 2014–2015. Assessment of their foraging habits was examined based on the isotopic analysis of pups (maternal indicators) (SIAR/SIBER-R). Environmental variability between 2014 and 2015 was also analyzed, in terms of sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll (Chl-a) concentration. Both otariids reached their highest abundance in July of both years; however, relative to 2014, the 2015 survey showed a 59.7% decline in the total GFS abundance and a 42.9% decrease of GFS pups, while total CSL abundance decreased 52.0% and CSL pup presence decreased in 61.7%. All monthly surveys for both otariids showed a similar trend (>50% decrease in 2015). Compared to 2014, the 2015 GFSs isotopic niche was three times larger (2.0 in 2015, 0.6 in 2014) and the δ13C was significantly lower. CSLs also showed significantly lower δ13C and higher δ15N in 2015. Interannual segregation was greater for CSLs, and their pup body mass was also significantly lower during the 2015 breeding season (mean = 8.7 kg) than in the same season of 2014 (mean = 9.9 kg). The decrease in δ13C for both otariids reflected a more oceanic foraging; most likely associated with the decline in primary productivity in surrounding areas to the SBA, related to a higher SST caused by the 2015 ENSO, with a subsequent increase in foraging effort. These would explain the fewer observed individuals on land, especially pups, which showed diminished body condition (CSLs). This study highlights the importance of marine mammals as sentinel species that respond dynamically to changes in environment, providing valuable information on the effect of ENSO on pinnipeds in Mexican waters. PMID:27171473

  10. EFECTO DE INOCULANTES MICROBIANOS SOBRE LA PROMOCIÓN DE CRECIMIENTO DE PLÁNTULAS DE MANGLE Y PLANTAS DE Citrullus vulgaris SAN ANDRÉS ISLA, COLOMBIA Microbial Inoculantes Effects on Growth Promotion of Mangrove and Citrullus vulgaris San Andrés Isla, Colombia

    TANIA GALINDO

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de probar la efectividad de dos inoculantes microbianos (aislados a partir de raicillas de mangle rojo y negro en el crecimiento y establecimiento de plántulas de mangle y de patilla, se realizaron cuatro pruebas en campo en San Andrés Isla, Colombia. Se aplicaron dichos inoculantes en: propágulos de Avicennia germinans colectados en un área de manglar y sembrados en macetas sobre sustrato solarizado (con el fin de disminuir la carga microbiana, plántulas de A. germinans y Rhizophora mangle colectadas en cercanía de árboles semilleros, plántulas de A. germinans y R. mangle sembradas y mantenidas en vivero y en semillas de patilla (Citrullus vulgaris sembradas en un cultivo libre de fertilizantes químicos. Las variables tomadas como indicativo de crecimiento y desarrollo vegetal fueron: número de nodos, número de hojas y longitud del tallo. Los inoculantes (microorganismos solubilizadores de fosfatos -MSF- y bacterias fijadoras de nitrógeno -BFN- se aplicaron en el material vegetal mencionado, efectuando mediciones durante tres meses. Los resultados muestran un efecto positivo de estimulación de crecimiento medido en longitud del tallo en las plantas tratadas con los inoculantes, específicamente en patilla y propágulos de A. germinans mantenidos en vivero.In order to test the effect of two microbial inoculants (obtained from red and black mangrove roots on the growth and stability of mangrove and watermelon plants, four treatments were carried out in San Andres Island, Colombia. The treatments consisted in the application of the inoculants in: A. germinans propagules collected in a mangrove area, and then individually planted in gavels with sun-pasteurized soil (in order to decrease the microbial load, A. germinans and R. mangle plants collected in the proximity of nursery trees, A. germinans and R. mangle planted and maintained in nursery, and in Citrullus vulgaris seeds planted in a traditional cultivar without chemical fertilizers. The growth and vegetative development variables were: number of nodes, number of leaves and steam length. The inoculants (phosphate solubilizing microorganisms -PSM- and nitrogen fixing bacteria -NFB- were applied in the mentioned vegetable material, doing measures during three months. The results show a positive effect on growth measured by steam length in plants treated specifically with the inoculants in C. vulgaris and A. germinans seedlings maintained in nursery.

  11. Andres Puustusmaa esikfilm Moskva filmifestivalil / Andres Laasik

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Eestist prit reissril Andres Puustusmaal esilinastub 29. juunil Moskva filmifestivali raames tema esimene tispikk mngufilm, Venemaa ja Ukraina hist "Armastuse punane prl" ("Krasni zhemtshug ljubvi"), peaosas Oksana Fandera, operaatoriks soomlane Timo Salminen. Valmis on ka teine mngufilm "1814", mis koos eespool nimetatuga tuleb kinodesse septembris. Ka Moskva festivali kavast

  12. Andres Ehin Jaapanist Iirini

    2006-01-01

    Andres Ehin valiti Ülemaailmse Haiku Assotsiatsiooni auliikmeks ja kirjaniku inglisekeelset luulekogu "Moose Beetle Swallow" esitleti 2005. aasta Euroopa kultuuripealinnas Corkis Iirimaal. Järgneb: Looming 2006, nr. 2, lk. 311

  13. Andres Stevaka nitus Stockholmis

    2000-01-01

    Stevaka Andrese abstraktsete maalide nitus Stockholmi Eesti Majas. Stevaka Andres ja nituse avamisele sitnud tema loomingu kollektsionr Matti Milius kohtusid Moderna Museeti direktori David Elliotiga teadvustamaks Tartu ja Prnu kunstielu.

  14. Distribution and diversity of marine flora in coral reef ecosystems of Kadmat Island in Lakshadweep archipelago, Arabian Sea, India

    Desai, V.V.; Komarpant, D.S.; Jagtap, T.G.

    . Lagunas Costevas, Un Simpsie. Me Simp. Intern. Laguna Costeras. Zea, S., J. Geister, J. G. Ferreira, and J. M. Diaz 1996. Biotic changes in the reefcomplex ofSan Andres Island (Southwestern Caribbean Sea, Colombia) occurring over nearly three decades...

  15. Implementación de las tics como estrategia didáctica para generar un aprendizaje significativo de los procesos celulares en los estudiantes de grado sexto de la institución educativa San Andrés del municipio de Girardota

    Monsalve Ochoa, Martha Lía

    2012-01-01

    Esta práctica docente se hizo con el objetivo de aplicar herramientas TIC a una serie de estudiantes de la institución educativa san Andrés de la vereda del mismo nombre del municipio de Girardota. Son jóvenes entre 11 y 15 años de escasos recursos en su mayoría, con poco apoyo de sus padres para la motivación hacia el estudio, en la institución no se cuenta con laboratorio ni material alguno para la práctica de las ciencias. No son jóvenes que le vean mucha importancia a esta área porque nin...

  16. Graafikatriennaali peapreemia Andres Talile

    2001-01-01

    Tallinna XII graafikatriennaali preemiad: grand prix - Andres Tali; 3 vrdset preemiat - Janne Laine, Leonards Laganovskis, Peeter Laurits; diplomid - Lynne Allen, Lucrecia Urbano, Vladimir Tshaika, Zora Stan, Endi Poskovic, Pivikki Kallio; EKM preemia - Tif Bitmap; Tallinna linna preemia - lle Marks ja Jri Kass; eripreemiad: - J. Laine (Eesti Pank), Vive Tolli (Paletti Eesti AS), Martins Ratniksh, Juris Boiko, T. Bitmap (Balteco AS). rii koosseis

  17. Andres Rhu: kujundaja metsast / Andres Rhu ; intervjueerinud Kaarel Kressa

    Rhu, Andres, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    Maalikunstnik Andres Rhu sellest, kuidas temast sai raamatute kujundaja, parematest enda kujundatud raamatutest, sdamelhedasematest eesti raamatukujundajatest, maal elamise eelistest. Loetletud A, Rhu kujundatud teoseid

  18. Konrad Me auhind Andres Toltsile

    2009-01-01

    9. novembril antakse Kadrioru Kunstimuuseumis Andres Toltsile pidulikult le Konrad Me nimeline maalikunsti aastapreemia (50000 krooni) "esteetilise suuna pikaajalise tulemusliku viljelemise eest maalikunstis", nituste "Nitus" ja "Asjad" eest

  19. Maailmaparandajad / Ole Ry, Susanne Andres

    Ry, Ole

    2012-01-01

    Terapeudid Ole Ry ja Susanne Andres rgivad Dr David Berceli loodud TRE (Tension & Trauma Releasing Exercises) harjutuste kasutamise kogemusest erinevate pshiliste traumade ja pingetega klientide tervise parandamisel

  20. Graafikatriennaali peapreemia Andres Talile

    2001-01-01

    Tallinna XII graafikatriennaali preemiad: grand prix - Andres Tali; 3 võrdset preemiat - Janne Laine, Leonards Laganovskis, Peeter Laurits; diplomid - Lynne Allen, Lucrecia Urbano, Vladimir Tshaika, Zora Stanè, Endi Poskovic, Päivikki Kallio; EKM preemia - Tif Bitmap; Tallinna linna preemia - Ülle Marks ja Jüri Kass; eripreemiad: - J. Laine (Eesti Pank), Vive Tolli (Paletti Eesti AS), Martins Ratniksh, Juris Boiko, T. Bitmap (Balteco AS). Žürii koosseis

  1. Reading the archipelago

    Chris Bongie

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] A History of Literature in the Caribbean, Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. JAMES A. ARNOLD (ed.. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. xvii + 399 pp. (Cloth US$ 120.00 The Other America: Caribbean Literature in a New World Context. J. MICHAEL DASH. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1998. xii + 197 pp. (Cloth US$ 42.50, Paper US$ 18.50 In his most recent theoretical work, Traite du Tout-Monde, Edouard Glissant stresses the virtues of what he calls "archipelagic thinking." "The entire world is becoming an archipelago," he asserts (1997:194, and for this reason we need to distance ourselves from both insular and continental ways of thinking if we are to register the complexities of that global creolization process. The archipelago is situated between the solitary confines of the islands that constitute it and the expansive territory of the mainland toward which it points, relating the one to the other while retaining its own indeterminately distinct identity. For Glissant, actual archipelagos such as the Caribbean are exemplary sites for understanding the complex new relations that ambivalently and chaotically join together all the hitherto unconnected parts of the world. As a consequence of this, the need for understanding the Caribbean as an archipelago becomes ever more pressing: the Caribbean must be considered in its archipelagic totality, as a region that can only be adequately understood through comparative, cross-cultural analysis focusing less on its discrete parts than on the way these parts exist in relation with and to one another.

  2. Analysis of the re-colonization of San Benito Archipelago by Guadalupe fur seals (Arctocephalus townsendi Análisis de la recolonización del archipiélago de San Benito por el lobo fino de Guadalupe (Arctocephalus townsendi

    Manuel Esperón-Rodríguez

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Exploitation of the Guadalupe fur seal (GFS during the XVIII and XIX centuries almost extirpated the species. GFS were distributed from the Revillagigedo islands (Mexico to the gulf of Farallones (USA. At present, reproductive colonies are found at Guadalupe Island and San Benito Archipelago (SBA. The aim of this work was to analyze the process of re-colonization and the current status of GFS at SBA. The first births and the occupation of the west island of the SBA are also reported. Census data from 1997 to 2007 indicated an annual growth rate for the population of 21.6%. The population size, growth tendency of the colony, reproductive biology, and food preferences were also studied. A total of 2,227 GFS were counted at SBA. Three squid species (Loligo opalescens, Onychoteuthis banksii, Dosidicus gigas were found to be the main dietary components. Territoriality, activity patterns, and reproductive behavior were similar for the seals from Guadalupe Island and SBA. The mean growth rate for pups from SBA was calculated and compared to that of the pups at Guadalupe Island (SBA: 6.7 ± 1.4 kg, 68.9 ± 2.64 cm; Guadalupe Island: 5.9 ± 0.5 kg, 67.29 ± 4.3 cm. The length of food foraging trips by females was measured, suggesting that the SBA colony is probably near an important feeding area. Maternal care patterns could indicate different strategies of nursing-foraging trips between the SBA and Guadalupe Island. The population of fur seals at SBA is expected to increase as there are no limitations in terms of reproductive space or available food resources in the area.La explotación del lobo fino de Guadalupe (LFG durante los siglos XVIII y XIX casi extinguió a la especie. El LFG se distribuye desde las islas Revillagigedo (México hasta el golfo de Farallones (USA. En la actualidad las colonias reproductivas se encuentran en la isla de Guadalupe y en el archipiélago de San Benito (ASB. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar el proceso de re-colonización y el estado actual del LFG en el ASB. También se informan los primeros nacimientos y la ocupación de la isla del Oeste del ASB. Con base en los censos de 1997 a 2007, la población creció con una tasa de incremento anual de 21,6%. Se estudió el tamaño de la población, la tendencia de crecimiento de la colonia, biología reproductiva y preferencias alimentarias. Se contaron 2,227 individuos en el ASB. Tres especies de calamar se encontraron como el principal componente de la dieta (Loligo opalescens, Onychoteuthis banksii y Dosidicus gigas. La territorialidad, los patrones de actividad y el comportamiento reproductivo, muestran una conducta similar entre los individuos de isla Guadalupe y ASB. Se calculó la tasa de crecimiento promedio de las crías del ASB y se comparó con la tasa de crecimiento de las crías de isla Guadalupe (ASB: 6.7 ± 1.4 kg y 68,9 ± 2.64 cm; isla Guadalupe 5.9 ± 0.5 kg, y 67.29 ± 4.3 cm. Se midió la duración de los viajes de alimentación de las hembras, indicando que la colonia de San Benito probablemente se encuentra cerca de una importante zona de alimentación. En cuanto a los patrones de asistencia materna, estos podrían indicar una estrategia de lactancia-viajes de alimentación diferente entre SBA e isla Guadalupe. Se puede esperar que la población de lobos finos en San Benito siga creciendo, ya que no hay limitantes en cuanto al espacio reproductivo y los recursos alimenticios disponibles en la zona.

  3. Maailmaparandajad / Ole Ry, Susanne Andres

    Ry, Ole

    2012-01-01

    Terapeudid Ole Ry ja Susanne Andres räägivad Dr David Berceli loodud TRE (Tension & Trauma Releasing Exercises) harjutuste kasutamise kogemusest erinevate psüühiliste traumade ja pingetega klientide tervise parandamisel

  4. El Colegio de Caciques San Andrs: conquista espiritual y transculturacin

    Sonia Fernndez Rueda

    2005-01-01

    Este arti?culo analiza el proyecto franciscano de evangelizacio?n de las e?lites indi?genas quiten?as, durante la temprana etapa colonial. El Colegio San Andre?s, fundado por la orden franciscana en 1553, fue pieza central de este proyecto. Se analizan las estrategias que desplegaron los franciscanos para incorporar a los nativos a la ideologi?a y cultura hispana, mediante la formacio?n de intermediarios culturales que conectaran ambos mundos.

  5. 5 minutes with Andre Nies

    Lewis-Pye, Andy

    2015-01-01

    Andre Nies (University of Auckland) visited our Department to present his seminar on “Interactions of computability and randomness”. He also kindly took time out with Andy Lewis-Pye (LSE) to answer a few questions on his research, the future of algorithmic randomness and incorporating classical music into his presentations.

  6. Andres Ellamaa : suurperede seostamine asotsiaalsusega mjub koletislikult / Andres Ellamaa ; interv. Indrek Veiserik

    Ellamaa, Andres, 1944-

    2008-01-01

    Vestlus doktor Andres Ellamaaga suurperede toetamisest, kunstlikust viljastamisest. Lisaks: Kuidas kommenteerite dr. Andres Ellamaa 2. juuni Postimehes ilmunud artikli jrel tekkinud diskussiooni avalikkuses ja meedias? Kommenteerivad Tallinna Arstide Liidu juhatuse liige Peeter Mardna ja Jgeva haigla juhataja Peep Pdder

  7. Andres Noormets - olemuselt luuletaja, vormilt lavastaja / Andres Noormets ; intervjueerinud Tiiu Laks

    Noormets, Andres, 1963-

    2010-01-01

    Andres Noormets endast, oma lavastustest, nitlemisest ja lavastamisest, elu mttest, uue otsimisest oma teatritdega, sellest, mis endiselt paelub teatris ja praegusi teatritegemisi enim mjutab, ise kirjutamisest jm. Andres Noormetsa eluloolisi andmeid

  8. Suursaadik Andres Talvik : Prantsusmaa ei ole euroliidu laienemise pooldaja / Andres Talvik ; interv. Marianne Mikko

    Talvik, Andres, 1947-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti suursaadik Prantsusmaal Andres Talvik Prantsusmaa presidendivalimistest, paremrmuslase Jean-Marie Le Peni psemisest selle II vooru, prantslaste vastuseisust EL-i laienemisele, Prantsuse-Saksa suhetest. Andres Talviku elulooandmeid

  9. Suursaadik Andres Talvik : Prantsusmaa ei ole euroliidu laienemise pooldaja / Andres Talvik ; interv. Marianne Mikko

    Talvik, Andres, 1947-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti suursaadik Prantsusmaal Andres Talvik Prantsusmaa presidendivalimistest, paremäärmuslase Jean-Marie Le Peni pääsemisest selle II vooru, prantslaste vastuseisust EL-i laienemisele, Prantsuse-Saksa suhetest. Andres Talviku elulooandmeid

  10. Andres Tali snavtt ettekannete peval = Andres Tali's speech given on the lecture day / Andres Tali

    Tali, Andres, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse ettekannete pev "Kunstnike moraalsed valikud kultuurikonfliktides" 27.04.2006 Tallinna Kunstihoones. Oma installatsioonist "Pastoraalne pastishsh" ning videost "Vgivald ja propaganda - The Movie" samas 8.04.-28.05.2006 avatud Elin Kardi, Marko Metamme, Marco Laimre ja Andres Tali hisnitusel "Vgivald ja propaganda"

  11. Cafe Lyon = Cafe Lyon / Andres Labi

    Labi, Andres, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Cafe Lyon (Meistri 22, Tallinn) sisekujundusest. Autorid: Janno Roos, Andres Labi, Kristel Jakobson (Ruumilabor). Prantsuse Ltseumi direktori Lauri Leesi arvamus. Disainibroo Ruumilabor lhitutvustus

  12. Regional Oceanography of the Philippine Archipelago

    Arnold L. Gordon

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Confined by the intricate configuration of the Philippine Archipelago, forced by the monsoonal climate and tides, responding to the remote forcing from the open Pacific and adjacent seas of Southeast Asia, the internal Philippine seas present a challenging environment to both observe and model. The Philippine Experiment (PhilEx observations reported here provide a view of the regional oceanography for specific periods. Interaction with the western Pacific occurs by way of the shallow San Bernardino and Surigao straits. More significant interaction occurs via Mindoro and Panay straits with the South China Sea, which is connected to the open Pacific through Luzon Strait. The Mindoro/Panay throughflow reaches into the Sulu Sea and adjacent Bohol and Sibuyan seas via the Verde Island Passage and the straits of Tablas and Dipolog. The deep, isolated basins are ventilated by flow over confining topographic sills, causing upward displacement of older residence water, made more buoyant by vertical mixing, which is then exported to surrounding seas to close the overturning circulation circuit.

  13. El agua en el territorio, la cultura y la poltica de San Andrs Isla: una historia ambiental del siglo XX para el siglo XXI / Water in the territory, culture and politics of San Andres Island: an environmental history from the 20th century to the 21st century

    Aguado lvarez, Johanna Patricia

    2010-01-01

    El Siglo XX fue para la isla de San Andrs un periodo de profundos cambios econmicos, polticos y sociales, desencadenados a partir de su Declaratoria como Puerto Libre en el ao 1953. En este momento el Gobierno Nacional colombiano inicia la implementacin de una serie de polticas de desarrollo que evidencian su incomprensin de este tan peculiar territorio insular, y a la vez sacrifican las relaciones construidas durante aos entre la poblacin y el frgil entorno natural, a tal punto que...

  14. Andres Tolts 60 : omanoliste vaikelude imeline maailm / Andres Tolts ; intervjueerinud Tiina Kolk ; kommenteerinud Jaan Elken

    Tolts, Andres, 1949-2014

    2009-01-01

    Andres Toltsi nitused "Asjad" Hobusepea galeriis 12. oktoobrini, "Nitus" Tallinna Kunstihoones 25. oktoobrini, "Varane Tolts" Haus galeriis 13. novembrini. Pikemalt nitusest "Nitus", kuraator Harry Liivrand

  15. Narcotrfico, violencia y crisis social en el Caribe insular colombiano: El caso de la isla de San Andrs en el contexto del Gran Caribe Drug Traffiking, Violence and the Social Crisis in Colombian Caribbean Islands: The Case of San Andrs Island in the Context of the Great Caribbean

    Silvia Mantilla

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artculo tiene por objetivo presentar un diagnstico preliminar de la magnitud del trfico de drogas, sus dinmicas, modalidades, y las condiciones sociales y econmicas que favorecen el desarrollo de este negocio ilegal en la isla de San Andrs (Colombia. El anlisis se desarrolla, no obstante, en el marco de la condicin histrica y natural de "zona de trnsito" de drogas, armas y otros recursos ilegales, que se le atribuye a la regin del Gran Caribe, entendida como un continuo geogrfico, histrico y cultural en el que se observan patrones comunes en materia de amenazas a la seguridad, la geopoltica de las relaciones con Estados Unidos y los efectos sociales y econmicos derivados del flagelo del narcotrfico. En este sentido, el caso de la isla de San Andrs (Colombia se examina ms como parte de la dinmica insular gran caribea que como parte de las tendencias propias del negocio en la Colombia continental, lo que permite, sin embargo, establecer las conexiones entre ambos espacios regionales -el insular y el continental- y, a la vez, evaluar el impacto regional del fenmeno a partir de las conexiones ilegales que desde el archipilago se establecen con algunos pases vecinos del Gran Caribe. Finalmente, se sostiene la hiptesis de que el fenmeno del narcotrfico se instala en la isla como resultado de factores geohistricos, culturales y socioeconmicos que en conjunto han determinado la participacin activa de distintos sectores de la sociedad en este negocio ilegal.The objective of thispaper is to present a preliminary diagnosis of the magnitude, dynamics, and modalities of drug trafficking, together with the social and economic conditions that support the development of this illegal activity in the island of San Andres (Colombia. Analysis is conducted within a framework that identifies this trafficking zone as a natural and historic corridor for trade in weapons, drugs, and other illicit materials typically attributed to the Great Caribbean where patterns of security threats, geopolitical relations with the United States, and social and economic impacts of the narcotrafficking epidemic are commonly observed. The article presents San Andres Island (Colombia as a case that adheres more to the insular dynamics of the Great Caribbean region rather than one that mimics the tendencies of continental Colombia. This perspective permits the establishment of connections between both regional spaces -insular and continental-, and simultaneously evaluates the phenomenons regional impact by exploring the illegal connections formed in the archipelago with neighboring Caribbean countries. Finally, the hypothesis is sustained that the trafficking phenomenon on the island is a result of historical, cultural and socioeconomic factors that explain the active participation of certain sectors of the islands society in these illegal activities.

  16. Mis siis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega? / ie Orav

    Orav, ie

    2011-01-01

    Reissr Grigori Kromanovi filmist "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1965). Osades: Einari Koppel, Ita Ever, Heino Mandri, Kaljo Kiisk, Uno Loit, Ada Lundver jt. Lhidalt filmi kohta ilmunud arvustustest. Filmi neb ETV2-s sarjas "Unustatud filmid"

  17. Cafe Lyon = Cafe Lyon / Andres Labi

    Labi, Andres, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Cafe Lyon (Meistri 22, Tallinn) sisekujundusest. Autorid: Janno Roos, Andres Labi, Kristel Jakobson (Ruumilabor). Prantsuse Lütseumi direktori Lauri Leesi arvamus. Disainibüroo Ruumilabor lühitutvustus

  18. Andre on alati tantsida tahtnud / Anu Mttus

    Mttus, Anu

    2009-01-01

    Koolitantsu maakonnavoorud on peetud. Igast maakonnast psevad piirkonnavooru kuni pooled tantsud. Umbes sama edasipsuprotsent on ka Andre Laine tantsudel, kelle koolitantsu vaimustus algas Kanepi Gmnaasiumi pilasena ja kes praeguseks on selle gmnaasiumi tantsupedagoog

  19. Igale inimesele oma inspektor? / Andre Nmm

    Nmm, Andre

    2007-01-01

    Finantsinspektsiooni finantsjrelevalve divisjoni juhataja Andre Nmm on seisukohal, et finantsinspektsiooni lesanne ei ole valvata iga kodaniku finantsriski maandamist, vaid vastutust peab kandma iga inimene ise. Ometi on riigi eesmrk tsta oma kodanike teadlikkust laenuturul valitsevatest ohtudest

  20. Vulkaner andre steder i Solsystemet

    Haack, Henning

    Jupiters måne, Io, og man regner man med at Venus og formentlig også Mars stadig er vulkansk aktive. Ved at rette blikket ud i solsystemet har vi  mulighed for at studere vulkansk aktivitet under helt anderledes betingelser end her på Jorden. Hvad sker der f.eks., hvis tyngdekraften er svagere, eller...... planetens overflade måske er gloende varm? Vulkanerne andre steder i Solsystemet overgår på mange måder dem på Jorden. Venus er den planet i solsystemet, der har flest vulkaner, Mars har de største og højeste vulkaner, asteroiden Vesta har de ældste, og Jupiters måne Io har de mest aktive vulkaner i...

  1. Sea cucumbers of the Comoros Archipelago

    Samyn, Y.; VandenSpiegel, D.; Massin, C.

    2005-01-01

    Sea cucumbers have been harvested for centuries in the Far East. Overexploitation, coupled with increasing demand has led to local depletion of certain standing stocks. De novo investigation at Grande Comore (one of the four main islands of the Comoros Archipelago) allows re-appraisal of local holothuroid biodiversity. Comparison with neighbouring areas allows extrapolation of holothuroid species richness to the rest of the archipelago. The current exploitation of holothuroids has been docume...

  2. Andres Tolts: "Jutud maalikunsti surmast on enneaegsed" / Ants Juske

    Juske, Ants, 1956-

    2009-01-01

    9. novembril anti Kadrioru Kunstimuuseumis pidulikult Andres Toltsile le 2009. aasta Konrad Me preemia, millega kaasneb Enn Johannese kujundatud medal ja 50000 krooni. rii tunnustas Andres Toltsi pikaajalist tegevust esteetilise suuna viljelemisel eesti maalikunstis

  3. PT symmetric Aubry–Andre model

    Yuce, C., E-mail: cyuce@anadolu.edu.tr

    2014-06-13

    PT symmetric Aubry–Andre model describes an array of N coupled optical waveguides with position-dependent gain and loss. We show that the reality of the spectrum depends sensitively on the degree of quasi-periodicity for small number of lattice sites. We obtain the Hofstadter butterfly spectrum and discuss the existence of the phase transition from extended to localized states. We show that rapidly changing periodical gain/loss materials almost conserve the total intensity. - Highlights: • We show that PT symmetric Aubry–Andre model may have real spectrum. • We show that the reality of the spectrum depends sensitively on the degree of disorder. • We obtain the Hofstadter butterfly spectrum for PT symmetric Aubry–Andre model. • We discuss that phase transition from extended to localized states exists.

  4. Island Movements: Thinking with the Archipelago

    Jonathan Pugh

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Whether in Homer or Plato, Shakespeare or Huxley, throughout history, thinking about islands has shaped how we think about human nature and our place in the world. However, to date archipelagos have received far less attention. This is problematic because we live, increasingly, in a world of island-island movements and not static forms. Not only in the more obvious cases of the Caribbean, Hawaii or the Philippines but, as Stratford et al (2011 say, many ‘continental forms’ like Canada and Australia are in fact archipelagos composed of thousands of island movements. To this list we can add more manufactured archipelagos: wind turbine arrays, industrial oil and military constellations. The key question therefore arises: what does it mean to think with the archipelago? This paper argues firstly that archipelagic thinking denaturalizes the conceptual basis of space and place, and therefore engages ‘the spatial turn’ presently sweeping the social sciences and humanities. Secondly, such thinking highlights the trope of what I call ‘metamorphosis’, of the adaptation and transformation of material, cultural and political practices through island movements. In both cases, I argue that thinking with the archipelago requires an important shift in how we frame analysis and engagement.

  5. Régimen espacial y temporal de la captura y el esfuerzo pesquero en la pesquería artesanal de la Isla De San Andrés, Caribe colombiano: inferencias sobre la estructura de la comunidad íctica

    García Camilo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available El diseño conceptual involucró un enfoque sistémico, abarcando los siguientes componentes: a Descripción del sistema pesquero: la población pesquera artesanal fue estimada en 307, y concentra sus actividades en cuatro sitios pesqueros. Los pescadores tienen edades que oscilan en general entre los 41 y 51 años, presentan bajo grado de escolaridad y tienen ingresos entre 1,0 y 2,5 SMLMV. La pesquería es multiespecífica y está dirigida a la extracción de diferentes especies de peces, el molusco Strombus gigas y la langosta Panulirus argus. El arte de pesca dominante es la línea de mano con anzuelo seguido del arpón. La flota artesanal es de 120 embarcaciones. El producto es comercializado en el sitio pesquero y adquirido por intermediarios que se encargan de su venta al consumidor final. b Régimen de pesca: la producción anual de pescado fue estimada en 303.662 kg y el esfuerzo
    en 5.197 faenas de pesca. En la Asociación Mutual de Pescadores, principal sitio pesquero, se estimó una captura de 156.602 kg, siendo las áreas de pesca más importantes Southeast Bank y Northend Bank que aportan el 55,5%. Las capturas estuvieron compuestas por más de 60 especies, de las cuales siete aportan el 86,2%, particularmente: T. atlanticus (23,8%, O. chrysurus (17,9%, A. solandri (11,7%, E. bipinnulata (11,3%, S. barracuda (9,7%, C. sufflamen (7,1% y C. hippurus (4,8%. El esfuerzo anual fue de 3.675 faenas, siendo las áreas más visitadas Northend Bank (53,3% y Southeast Bank (17,3% y los meses de mayor esfuerzo febrero (12,1% y marzo (10,6%. La captura por unidad de esfuerzo (CPUE mostró diferencia entre las áreas de pesca, fue mayor en el meridiano 82 y menor en las áreas adyacentes a San Andrés. La CPUE registró variaciones significativas a lo largo del año con valores altos entre mayo y septiembre, y bajos en noviembre y marzo. No hubo correlación significativa entre las variables meteorológicas y la CPUE, mientras que respecto a las fases lunares se encontró que la producción
    es mayor en luna nueva y menor en luna llena. La aplicación del análisis de consenso cultural permitió establecer que los pescadores artesanales comparten una visión de consenso sobre el régimen espacial y temporal de las principales especies explotadas, y sobre la evolución histórica de la pesquería. c Estructura de la comunidad íctica: en el ambiente epipelágico y el de plataforma intermedia el mayor impacto de la pesquería recae sobre especies pelágicas, y consecuente de especies demersales de hábitos someros, debido a la sobrepesca en el pasado. En contraposición en la plataforma profunda dominan especies demersales. No se encontraron diferencias espaciales ni temporales en la composición de la captura. Entre e intra ambiente la profundidad y los hábitos de especies son la principales condiciones responsables de la conformación de los ensamblajes de especies, los cuales presentan un mayor nivel de asociación en el ambiente de plataforma profunda, y el menor grado en el ambiente epipelagico.

  6. Andres Tarand : "Venemaa vajab iseenda upitamist" / Andres Tarand ; interv. Mariann Joonas

    Tarand, Andres, 1940-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi saadik Andres Tarand kommenteerib Tnisme pronkssduri sndmusi Strasbourg'ist vaadatuna, teised ksitletud teemad: Eesti ja Venemaa suhted, Eesti suhted Euroopa Liiduga, t europarlamendi liikmena, ebapdevus poliitikas, Eesti majanduse tulevik, kodanikuhiskonna vimalikkus

  7. Andres Vsand: hakkan ilmselt elukutseliseks kunstnikuks / Andres Vsand ; intervjueerinud Veiko Visnapuu

    Vsand, Andres, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu Saksaamaal elava tennisisti Andres Vsandiga, kelle maalinitus "Vrvireisid" on avatud Kadriorus Kastellaanimaja Galeriis 30.10-28.11.2010. Tegelemisest maalikunstiga, nitusest, reisidest inspireeritud loomingust, tst tennisetreenerina, tennisekarjrist. Andmeid A. Vsandi elukigu kohta

  8. Andres Tarand : peaminister 08.11.1994-17.04.1995 / Andres Tarand ; interv. Jaak K. Roosaare

    Tarand, Andres, 1940-

    2007-01-01

    Akadeemias Nord erikursuse raames esinenud ekspeaminister Andres Tarandi poolt ksitletud phiteemad: peaministriks saamise asjaolud, probleemid peaministriks olemise ajal, nnestumised ja ebannestumised, hinnang tolleaegsele valitsusele ja pressile, hinnang riigi senisele arengule

  9. Sarvedega poisid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi / Janno Roos, Andres Labi ; intervjueerinud Tanel Veenre

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2009-01-01

    Ruumilabor O sisearhitektid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi riidenagide seeriast "Ulukid", mille eest nad plvisid Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2008. a. esemepreemia, Ruumilabori nnestumistest ja parematest tdest, eesti disaini tulevikust, lemmikutest disainerite seas jm.

  10. Cossidae of the Socotra Archipelago (Yemen

    Robert Borth

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The taxonomy of the family Cossidae (Lepidoptera of the Socotra Archipelago is revised. Five species are recognized, including two new species (Mormogystia brandstetteri and Meharia hackeri, and dubious identifications and records are discussed. Adults and genitalia are illustrated and bionomic details, molecular evidence and a synonymic checklist of Socotra Cossidae genera is provided. A review of their distribution reveals that at least 80 percent of Socotro`s Cossidae species are unique to the archipelago which is renowned for its endemism.

  11. André Petermann (1922-2011)

    2012-01-01

    The CERN theory community mourns the loss of André Petermann, one of the first members of the Theory Division, who passed away last August in his 89th year. He pioneered, together with his advisor Stueckelberg, the renormalization group, one of the fundamental ideas in quantum field theory that underlies the modern theory of phase transitions as well as asymptotic freedom and the quest for unification of all the particle interactions.   André was among the very first staff members of CERN, which at the beginning was a small group of theorists at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, headed by Bohr himself.  When the group moved to Geneva, they first occupied a set of barracks in Cointrin, next to the airport, before moving to the University of Geneva, and then finally settling on the Meyrin site. André was our last direct contact with our nomadic origins. The importance of André’s early work on the renormalization group was recogn...

  12. André Rousset 1930-2001

    2001-01-01

    André Rousset in 1962 , seen working on BP3, one of the earlier bubble chambers, with André Lagarrigue (standing). André Rousset died on 1 July at the age of 70. For those who lived through the Gargamelle epic, his name is linked with the success of the great bubble chamber that made possible the 1973 discovery of neutral currents. A graduate of Paris's famous Ecole Polytechnique which produced so many great names in particle physics, André Rousset, a native of southern France, joined Louis Leprince-Ringuet's famous laboratory at the Polytechnique in 1954. Among other topics, Rousset played a part in the cosmic ray experiments at the Pic du Midi in the Pyrénées and designed heavy liquid bubble chambers. A Professor at the Ecole des Mines from 1960 onwards, he became deputy director of Louis Leprince-Ringuet's laboratory in 1964. In 1969 he came to CERN where, logically, he headed the TCL group in charge of heavy liquid bubble chambers. In thi...

  13. Mobbing, sosiale medier - og oss andre

    Gjesvik, Kalle

    2013-01-01

    Vi leser stadig i avisene om ungdom som blir hetset på forskjellige måter på sosiale media – oftest er Facebook nevnt, men også andre. Dessuten kan en del oppleve ganske traumatiske situasjoner knyttet til sex-relaterte bilder.

  14. Eesti fond rahastab Vene infotehnoloogiat / Andres Reimer

    Reimer, Andres

    2006-01-01

    Martinson Trigon Venture Partners (MTVP) loob uue tarkvarainvesteeringute fondi, mis viib endise NSVL-i alale kuni 780 miljonit krooni, fond võtab sihiks kümmekond uut ettevõtet. MTVP esimese fondi investeeringutest. Fondide juhi Andres Susi selgitusi. Lisa: Martinson Trigon Venture Partners osalusega firmad; Vt. samas: Moskvas pole raha ja geeniused kohtunud

  15. Globaliseerumine : oht vi vimalus? / Andres Arrak

    Arrak, Andres

    2007-01-01

    Globaliseerumise ja vrgustumise muutumine vimaluseks vi ohuks sltub konkreetse riigi majanduse ja tturu kohanemisvimest. Globaalsete finantsvoogude kirjeldus, kapitali ja Eestisse tulevate rahavoogude anals ning hinnang Eesti tturu paindlikkusele ja ettevtjate innovatiivsusele. Graafikud: Otse- ja portfelliinvesteeringute ning laenude sissevool Eestisse 1992-2006; Diagramm: Eesti tjuturg sammub Ameerika jlgedes. Vt. samas: Andres Saarniit. Raha ei ole kuhugi kadunud

  16. Eesti fond rahastab Vene infotehnoloogiat / Andres Reimer

    Reimer, Andres

    2006-01-01

    Martinson Trigon Venture Partners (MTVP) loob uue tarkvarainvesteeringute fondi, mis viib endise NSVL-i alale kuni 780 miljonit krooni, fond vtab sihiks kmmekond uut ettevtet. MTVP esimese fondi investeeringutest. Fondide juhi Andres Susi selgitusi. Lisa: Martinson Trigon Venture Partners osalusega firmad; Vt. samas: Moskvas pole raha ja geeniused kohtunud

  17. On the homology of the Harmonic Archipelago

    Karimov, Umed H; 10.2478/s11533-012-0038-2

    2012-01-01

    We calculate the singular homology and \\v{C}ech cohomology groups of the Harmonic archipelago. As a corollary, we prove that this space is not homotopy equivalent to the Griffiths space. This is interesting in view of Eda's proof that the first singular homology groups of these spaces are isomorphic.

  18. San Francisco District Laboratory (SAN)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Program Capabilities Food Analysis SAN-DO Laboratory has an expert in elemental analysis who frequently performs field inspections of materials. A recently acquired...

  19. "Vettpidavad allikad" = "Watertight sources" / Janno Roos, Andres Labi

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Ajaloomuuseumis avatud nituse kujundasid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi (Ruumilabor). Kuraator Krista Sarv. Graafiline disain: Identity. Eksponeeritud allveeuuringute kigus leitu. Arhitektuuriajaloolase Leele Vlja arvamus

  20. Eestlane juhib Ukrainas EBRD investeeringuid / Andre Ksvek ; interv. Henrik Ilves

    Ksvek, Andre

    2008-01-01

    Seni Euroopa Rekonstruktsiooni- ja Arengupanga (EBRD) Kasahstani osakonda juhtinud Andre Ksvek valiti juhtima EBRD investeeringuid Ukrainas. Tnavu on plaanis investeerida Ukrainas 1,5 mld. dollarit

  1. The Potential of Small-Scale Agro-Industry as a Sustainable Livelihood Strategy in a Caribbean Archipelago Province of Colombia

    Magda M. Masquita Mckeller; Richard C. Smardon

    2012-01-01

    San Andrés, Providence, and Santa Catalina were declared a biosphere reserve in the year 2000; as an effort to protect biodiversity and to promote sustainable development. This declaration entails the development of sustainable economic activities that ensure environmental conservation and the community’s wellbeing. Surveys and interviews were used to determine the characteristics of small-scale agro-industry and the perceptions about its sustainability as a livelihood strategy for the Archip...

  2. Benthic foraminiferal assemblages in Tambelan Archipelago, Indonesia

    Suhartati M. Natsir

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Coral reefs ecosystem is one of favorable sites as habitat of most of marine organismsincluding benthic foraminifera. Foraminiferal assemblages are regularly used as bio-indicators ofenvironmental feasibility for reefs. Hence, the objective of the present study was to recognize theforaminiferal assemblages in the Tambelan Archipelago as a baseline data for monitoring ofenvironmental changes and to plan conservation strategies. The survey was conducted on November2010 at 12 sampling sites around Tambelan Archipelago. A total of 5582 specimens of benthicforaminifera belonging to Order Astrorhizida, Textulariida, Miliolida, and Rotaliida were recorded. Most ofcollected species were recognized as symbiotic-bearing foraminifera; the most common of them whereAmphistegina sp. and Calcarina sp. that counted more than 1000 specimens.

  3. Investigating the multifractality of point precipitation in the Madeira archipelago

    Lima, M. I. P.; Lima, J.L.M.P.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to contribute to a better understanding of the variability of precipitation in the Madeira archipelago. This archipelago is located in the Atlantic subtropical belt under the direct influence of the Azores high pressure system. It is formed by Madeira Island (728 km2) and Porto Santo Island (42 km2) and by two other groups of very small inhabited islands. The complex topography of the islands in the Madeira archipelago and their small size play a ...

  4. Andres Sööt tegi filmi esimaalijast

    2002-01-01

    Kolmapäeval Tallinnas Rüütelkonna hoones ja reedel Tartu Kirjandusmajas esitleb Andres Sööt oma dokumentaalfilmi maalikunstnik Konrad Mägist (1878-1925) "Konrad Mägi" : stsenarist Maie Raitar : režissöör ja operaator Andres Sööt : 2001

  5. San Marino.

    1985-02-01

    San Marino, an independent republic located in north central Italy, in 1983 had a population of 22,206 growing at an annual rate of .9%. The literacy rate is 97% and the infant mortality rate is 9.6/1000. The terrain is mountainous and the climate is moderate. According to local tradition, San Marino was founded by a Christian stonecutter in the 4th century A.D. as a refuge against religious persecution. Its recorded history began in the 9th century, and it has survived assaults on its independence by the papacy, the Malatesta lords of Rimini, Cesare Borgia, Napoleon, and Mussolini. An 1862 treaty with the newly formed Kingdom of Italy has been periodically renewed and amended. The present government is an alliance between the socialists and communists. San Marino has had its own statutes and governmental institutions since the 11th century. Legislative authority at present is vested in a 60-member unicameral parliament. Executive authority is exercised by the 11-member Congress of State, the members of which head the various administrative departments of the goverment. The posts are divided among the parties which form the coalition government. Judicial authority is partly exercised by Italian magistrates in civil and criminal cases. San Marino's policies are tied to Italy's and political organizations and labor unions active in Italy are also active in San Marino. Since World War II, there has been intense rivalry between 2 political coalitions, the Popular Alliance composed of the Christian Democratic Party and the Independent Social Democratic Party, and the Liberty Committee, coalition of the Communist Party and the Socialist Party. San Marino's gross domestic product was $137 million and its per capita income was $6290 in 1980. The principal economic activities are farming and livestock raising, along with some light manufacturing. Foreign transactions are dominated by tourism. The government derives most of its revenue from the sale of postage stamps to collectors around the world and from payment of an annual budget subsidy by the Italian government. Despite its close ties with Italy, San Marino has maintained its distinctive status for centuries. PMID:12178101

  6. Film Diegost - kriitikavaba kummardus / Andres Must

    Must, Andres

    2007-01-01

    PFFi filme - Argentiina mngufilm legendaarse jalgpalluri Diego Maradona jumaldamisest "Teel Maradona juurde" ("El camino de San Diego") : stsenarist ja reissr Carlos Sorin. Artikkel on peamiselt Maradonast, vhesel mral filmist

  7. Eesti Energia esindused = Eesti Energia branches / Andres Labi, Janno Roos

    Labi, Andres, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Energia klienditeeninduse kontorite sisekujundusest. Autorid: Janno Roos, Andres Labi ja Liisa Põime (Ruumilabor). Visuaalne identiteet: Tank.Teenuste disain: Urmas Pastarus. ESLi aastapreemiate žürii esimehe Kaido Kivi ning žürii liikme Raivo Puusepa arvamused

  8. Peaosa nii teatrilaval kui ka kinolinal / Andres Laasik

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    Natalja Murina-Puustusmaast, kes mngib peaosa Vene Teatri uuslavastuses "Besame mucho", mille Afolf Kis on lavastanud Eduardo de Filippo nidendi "Silinder" jrgi, ja Andres Puustusmaa filmis "Rotilks", mille vtted algavad peagi

  9. "Vettpidavad allikad" = "Watertight sources" / Janno Roos, Andres Labi

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Ajaloomuuseumis avatud näituse kujundasid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi (Ruumilabor). Kuraator Krista Sarv. Graafiline disain: Identity. Eksponeeritud allveeuuringute käigus leitu. Arhitektuuriajaloolase Leele Välja arvamus

  10. Kommest Auto ostmisest huvitub ka Hillar Teder / Andres Eilart

    Eilart, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Kommest Auto ostmise vastu tunnevad huvi suurrimees Andres Sarri, Rootsis Peugeot' sidukeid mv Taani pritolu K. W. Bruun Import ja multimiljonr Hillar Teder, kellele kuulub Audisid mv Reval Auto

  11. Eesti Energia esindused = Eesti Energia branches / Andres Labi, Janno Roos

    Labi, Andres, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Energia klienditeeninduse kontorite sisekujundusest. Autorid: Janno Roos, Andres Labi ja Liisa Pime (Ruumilabor). Visuaalne identiteet: Tank.Teenuste disain: Urmas Pastarus. ESLi aastapreemiate rii esimehe Kaido Kivi ning rii liikme Raivo Puusepa arvamused

  12. Chemical quality of water and sediment in the bays of Sabana-Camaguey archipelago

    The chemical quality of water and sediment was analyzed in some bays of Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago (SCA). This analysis was done using the existing information that covers from 1976 to 2011. In the rainy one there was oxygen sub-saturation in the bays of West Santa Clara, East Santa Clara, Puerto de Sagua and Los Perros. The nature of organic matter was quite complex and BOD5 and COD values greater than 2 mg.L-1prevailed. The ammonia concentrations were between 2 and 5 μ?mol.L -1, and organic nitrogen represented 90 % of total nitrogen. Phosphorus in water was not very abundant, it acted as limiting nutrient for primary producers. Sediments were characterized by significant amounts of organic carbon and low content of organic nitrogen. The bays of Cardenas, San Juan de los Remedios, Buenavista and Los Perros, were impacts of heavy metals

  13. Andres Tolts 60 : omanäoliste vaikelude imeline maailm / Andres Tolts ; intervjueerinud Tiina Kolk ; kommenteerinud Jaan Elken

    Tolts, Andres, 1949-2014

    2009-01-01

    Andres Toltsi näitused "Asjad" Hobusepea galeriis 12. oktoobrini, "Näitus" Tallinna Kunstihoones 25. oktoobrini, "Varane Tolts" Haus galeriis 13. novembrini. Pikemalt näitusest "Näitus", kuraator Harry Liivrand

  14. REST Service - Resource Assessment Investigation of the Mariana Archipelago (RAIOMA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce This data service represents a subset of fisheries research carried out by the Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) in the Mariana Archipelago. Specific...

  15. Bergman polynomials on an Archipelago: Estimates, Zeros and Shape Reconstruction

    Gustafsson, Bjorn; Saff, Ed; Stylianopoulos, Nikos

    2008-01-01

    Growth estimates of complex orthogonal polynomials with respect to the area measure supported by a disjoint union of planar Jordan domains (called, in short, an archipelago) are obtained by a combination of methods of potential theory and rational approximation theory. The study of the asymptotic behavior of the roots of these polynomials reveals a surprisingly rich geometry, which reflects three characteristics: the relative position of an island in the archipelago, the analytic continuation picture of the Schwarz function of every individual boundary and the singular points of the exterior Green function. By way of explicit example, fine asymptotics are obtained for the lemniscate archipelago $|z^m-1|archipelago, knowing only finitely many of its power moments. This work naturally complem...

  16. Status of the Coral Reefs of the Samoan Archipelago

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The objectives of this study are twofold: 1 To determine the current status of coral reef fishes and their habitat throughout the Samoan Archipelago. This will be...

  17. First Record of Freshwater Fish on the Cape Verdean Archipelago

    Lucek, Kay Jurka Olaf; Lemoine, Mélissa

    2012-01-01

    The Cape Verdean islands form a distinct aquatic freshwater ecoregion characterized mainly by temporal water bodies with an adapted invertebrate community. Freshwater fish were not previously recorded from the archipelago. During a non-exhaustive survey of freshwater bodies on five islands of the archipelago, the first presence of a freshwater fish was recorded. Using barcoding sequences, the species was identified as the guppy (Poecilia reticulata), a highly invasive species alien to the Cap...

  18. Film Diegost - kriitikavaba kummardus / Andres Must

    Must, Andres

    2007-01-01

    PÖFFi filme - Argentiina mängufilm legendaarse jalgpalluri Diego Maradona jumaldamisest "Teel Maradona juurde" ("El camino de San Diego") : stsenarist ja režissöör Carlos Sorin. Artikkel on peamiselt Maradonast, vähesel määral filmist

  19. Andres Tali sõnavõtt ettekannete päeval = Andres Tali's speech given on the lecture day / Andres Tali

    Tali, Andres, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse ettekannete päev "Kunstnike moraalsed valikud kultuurikonfliktides" 27.04.2006 Tallinna Kunstihoones. Oma installatsioonist "Pastoraalne pastishsh" ning videost "Vägivald ja propaganda - The Movie" samas 8.04.-28.05.2006 avatud Elin Kardi, Marko Mäetamme, Marco Laimre ja Andres Tali ühisnäitusel "Vägivald ja propaganda"

  20. The influence of the geological setting on the morphogenetic evolution of the Tremiti Archipelago (Apulia, Southeastern Italy

    G. F. Andriani

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The Tremiti Archipelago (Southern Adriatic Sea, also called Insulae Diomedae from the name of the Greek hero who first landed there, is an area of high landscape and historical value. It is severely affected by significant geomorphologic processes dominated by mass movements along the coast that constitute the most important and unpredictable natural hazard for the population and cultural heritage. Coastal erosion is favoured by the peculiar geological and structural setting, seismic activity, weathering, development of karst processes, and wave action. The present paper reports on descriptive and qualitative evaluation of the factors controlling landslides and coastline changes based on medium-term in situ observation, detailed surface surveys at selected locations since 1995, and historic and bibliographic data. The Tremiti Archipelago is part of an active seismic area characterised by a shear zone separating two segments of the Adriatic microplate that have shown different behaviour and roll back rates in the subduction underneath the Apennines since middle Pleistocene. Although coastal morphology can be basically considered to be the result of wave action, the continual action of subaerial processes contributes effectively to the mechanism of shoreline degradation. Weathering mainly affects the marly calcisiltites and calcilutites of the Cretaccio Fm. and the friable and low cemented calcarenites and biomicrites of the San Nicola Fm. The cliffs are characterised by different types of failure such as lateral spreads, secondary topples, rock falls and slides. At the Isle of San Nicola, landslides are controlled by the contrast in competence, shear strength and stiffness between the Pliocene re-crystallised dolomitic calcarenites and calcisiltites and the Miocene marly calcilutites and calcisiltites. At the Isles of San Domino and Caprara rock falls are attributed to the undercutting of waves at the base of the cliffs.

  1. The influence of the geological setting on the morphogenetic evolution of the Tremiti Archipelago (Apulia, Southeastern Italy)

    Andriani, G. F.; Walsh, N.; Pagliarulo, R.

    2005-01-01

    The Tremiti Archipelago (Southern Adriatic Sea), also called Insulae Diomedae from the name of the Greek hero who first landed there, is an area of high landscape and historical value. It is severely affected by significant geomorphologic processes dominated by mass movements along the coast that constitute the most important and unpredictable natural hazard for the population and cultural heritage. Coastal erosion is favoured by the peculiar geological and structural setting, seismic activity, weathering, development of karst processes, and wave action. The present paper reports on descriptive and qualitative evaluation of the factors controlling landslides and coastline changes based on medium-term in situ observation, detailed surface surveys at selected locations since 1995, and historic and bibliographic data. The Tremiti Archipelago is part of an active seismic area characterised by a shear zone separating two segments of the Adriatic microplate that have shown different behaviour and roll back rates in the subduction underneath the Apennines since middle Pleistocene. Although coastal morphology can be basically considered to be the result of wave action, the continual action of subaerial processes contributes effectively to the mechanism of shoreline degradation. Weathering mainly affects the marly calcisiltites and calcilutites of the Cretaccio Fm. and the friable and low cemented calcarenites and biomicrites of the San Nicola Fm. The cliffs are characterised by different types of failure such as lateral spreads, secondary topples, rock falls and slides. At the Isle of San Nicola, landslides are controlled by the contrast in competence, shear strength and stiffness between the Pliocene re-crystallised dolomitic calcarenites and calcisiltites and the Miocene marly calcilutites and calcisiltites. At the Isles of San Domino and Caprara rock falls are attributed to the undercutting of waves at the base of the cliffs.

  2. Are the 1/3-Octave Band 63- and 125-Hz Noise Levels Predictive of Vessel Activity? The Case in the Cres-Loinj Archipelago (Northern Adriatic Sea, Croatia).

    Picciulin, Marta; Sebastianutto, Linda; Fortuna, Caterina Maria; Mackelworth, Peter; Holcer, Drako; Gospi?, Nikolina Rako

    2016-01-01

    A 3-years sea ambient-noise (SAN) monitoring was carried out in the Cres-Loinj Archipelago (Croatia), where a bottlenose dolphin population is threatened by unregulated nautical tourism. A total of 540 5-min SAN samples were collected and analyzed in an Indicator 11.2.1 (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) perspective. The 1/3-octave band center frequencies of 63 and 125 Hz (re 1 ?Pa.rms) proved to be predictive of local predominant ship type over time. However, the noisiest band level was centered on 200 Hz. We therefore suggest measuring a wider frequency band than those requested in Indicator 11.2.1. PMID:26611038

  3. Andres Sütevaka näitus Stockholmis

    2000-01-01

    Sütevaka Andrese abstraktsete maalide näitus Stockholmi Eesti Majas. Sütevaka Andres ja näituse avamisele sõitnud tema loomingu kollektsionäär Matti Milius kohtusid Moderna Museeti direktori David Elliotiga teadvustamaks Tartu ja Pärnu kunstielu.

  4. Väikesed kiirlaevad tulevad Soome lahele tagasi / Andres Reimer

    Reimer, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Väikesed kiirlaevafirmad on lahkunud Tallinna-Helsingi liinilt, samas on Nordic Jetline'il endiselt 2009. a. kaibroneering Tallinna sadamas. LindaLine toob Eestisse uue katamaraani. Tallinki juhatuse liige Andres Hunt ja Viking Line'i Eesti juht Inno Borodenko kiirlaevaliinide lahkumise põhjustest. Diagramm, graafik. Kommenteerib Sari Hujanen

  5. 1 ksimus / Andres Jalak, Helle Meltsemees, Reet Roos

    Jalak, Andres, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Riigikogu Res Publica fraktsiooni aseesimees Andres Jalak vastab ksimusele, miks ta on Jrvamaa kohalikus ajalehes esinenud sel aastal vaid he korra ning Res Publica Vrikate Kogu esimees Helle Meltsemees ja Naiskogu esinaine Reet Roos vastavad ksimusele, kuidas nende juhitavad kogud valmistuvad valimisteks ja mis sihte nad seavad

  6. Kommest Auto ostmisest huvitub ka Hillar Teder / Andres Eilart

    Eilart, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Kommest Auto ostmise vastu tunnevad huvi suurärimees Andres Sarri, Rootsis Peugeot' sõidukeid müüv Taani päritolu K. W. Bruun Import ja multimiljonär Hillar Teder, kellele kuulub Audisid müüv Reval Auto

  7. Mis on looming.org? : elektrooniline heli / Andres Lõo

    Lõo, Andres

    2004-01-01

    Võrguajakirjast www.looming.org, kuhu kogutakse infot põhiliselt kahe jaotuse põhjal: muusika ja helieksperimentalism ning kaasaegne kunst, kunsti ja meediaga seonduv. Idee autorid: Hanno Soans ja Andres Lõo. Ilmunud on looming.orgi esimene muusikakogumik "Lilled algebrale"

  8. Peaosa nii teatrilaval kui ka kinolinal / Andres Laasik

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    Natalja Murina-Puustusmaast, kes mängib peaosa Vene Teatri uuslavastuses "Besame mucho", mille Afolf Käis on lavastanud Eduardo de Filippo näidendi "Silinder" järgi, ja Andres Puustusmaa filmis "Rotilõks", mille võtted algavad peagi

  9. Tallinna Lennujaama kauba- ja tolliterminaal. Lennujaama 2, Tallinn / Andres Pime

    Pime, Andres

    1998-01-01

    Kaubateeninduskeskuse puhul on tegemist suure, plaanimtudes 36x102 meetrise metallkonstruktsioonis, sandwich tpi paneelidega kaetud laohoonega, kus helt poolt tuuakse tollitav kaup lennukitelt sisse ja teiselt poolt viiakse tollitud kaup vlja. Peatvtja : Normanni Linnagrupi AS. Ehitaja : Merko. Peaprojekteerija : K-Projekt. Arhitektuurne lahendus : Stuudio 3. Arhitekt Andres Pime ; tgrupp Vivian Oruvee, Tiiu Raudsepp, Reet Pime. Projekt 1997-98, valmis 1998.

  10. Parts harvendas ootamatult Eesti Energia nõukogu / Andres Eilart

    Eilart, Andres

    2011-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts otsustas 1. juulil päevapealt Eesti Energia nõukogu liikme kohalt tagasi kutsuda Aivar Reiviku ning Rein Kuusmiku, kes olid vastu Eesti Energia üle viie miljoni euro suurusele investeeringule Weroli rapsiõlitehase juurde rajatavasse elektri- ja küttejaama. Uuteks nõukogu liikmeteks said Andres Saame ja Toomas Tauts

  11. Baltoscandal on lppenud, uued mtted on saadud / Andres Keil

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti teater oli Baltoscandalil koondatud olematu teatri miste alla. Andres Noormetsa "Reunioon", Mart Kangro ja Ansambel U "Mng", Marco Laimre "Vangistus", Asko Knnapi "Slpool jge", Anders Hrmi "Cooking and Shitting", Sven Kuntu "Miks Eesti mehed ei tantsi?", Linnar Priime "Inimese lhn"

  12. Parts harvendas ootamatult Eesti Energia nukogu / Andres Eilart

    Eilart, Andres

    2011-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts otsustas 1. juulil pevapealt Eesti Energia nukogu liikme kohalt tagasi kutsuda Aivar Reiviku ning Rein Kuusmiku, kes olid vastu Eesti Energia le viie miljoni euro suurusele investeeringule Weroli rapsilitehase juurde rajatavasse elektri- ja kttejaama. Uuteks nukogu liikmeteks said Andres Saame ja Toomas Tauts

  13. The flow of radionuclides through the Canadian archipelago

    The transport of contaminants to the Canadian Arctic by air and in water and their concentration through the marine food web has lead to enhanced levels of contaminants in several foods of Canadian northern inhabitants. Artificial radionuclides in the marine water can be used to determine water circulation and to trace contaminant transport through the Canadian Archipelago

  14. Tropical Instability Wave Interactions within the Galpagos Archipelago.

    In the boreal fall of 2005, the effects of tropical instability waves (TIW) appear as oscillations within the sea surface temperature (SST), meridional current (Vy), and thermocline (20C) in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Within the Galpagos Archipelago, a strong 3-wave succes...

  15. H08087: NOS Hydrographic Survey , San Juan Archipelago, 1953-11-24

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  16. H08086: NOS Hydrographic Survey , San Juan Archipelago, 1955-09-09

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  17. Working Memory and Executive Control: A Festschrift for André Vandierendonck

    Arnaud Szmalec; Wouter Duyck; Wim Notebaert; Marc Brysbaert

    2010-01-01

    Throughout his career, André Vandierendonck (PhD 1973, Ghent University) has been one of the most prominent scientific and institutional representatives of cognitive psychology in Belgium. André Vandierendonck became head of the Department of Experimental Psychology at Ghent University in 1995. At that time, the department consisted of two faculty members and a handful of scientific collaborators. Under the chairmanship of André Vandierendonck, it expanded exponentially after the introduction...

  18. Coastal city and ocean renewable energy: pathway to an eco-San Andres

    Cusano, Maria Ines; Li, Qing; Obisesan, Abayomi; Urrego-Blanco, Jorge R; Wong, Tsz Hang

    2013-01-01

    Proactively planning for sustainable coastal cities is increasingly important as climate change increases the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. Scientific research indicates that greenhouse gas emissions, mainly induced by using non-renewable energy, are elevating temperatures and sea levels for coastal cities all around the world. Other issues that aggravate the challenge for coastal cities include: the continued growth of population on and around coastlines; the acute confl...

  19. A conservation strategy in San Andres Island: school projects and values in environmental education

    With the scope of showing and preserving an island endangered species, the Swanka turtle, a campaign and an environmental education program were conducted. The campaign consisted in showing the species to the community, its characteristics and its threats, through mass media and visits to different local schools. The environmental education program was carried out through a Scholar Environmental Project, which consisted on the conformation of an environmental group, where cognitive, attitudinal and participative aspects were worked together. Using a constrictive methodology the children developed some knowledge about the species and Its habitats. The scope was that they modified attitudes and behaviors towards situations that contribute to environmental damage; the reinforcement of values was the central point during all the activities. The knowledge gained by the pupils and the observed changes on their attitudes and participation show the positive results that arise when the action of environmental education focuses on the people and not the resources that are to be preserved

  20. Film, ruum ja narratiiv : "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" ning "Viini postmark" / Eva Nripea

    Nripea, Eva, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    Analsitakse narratiivi aegruumi loomise viise juhtumi analsi vormis, vaadeldes kaht eesti mngufilmi : G. Kromanovi "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1966) ja Veljo Ksperi "Viini postmark" (Tallinnfilm, 1967)

  1. Noblessneri Loomemaja = Noblessner Creative house / Rasmus Tamme, Jaanus Saarepera, Eero Jrgenson, Andres Jomp

    2015-01-01

    Noblessneri Loomemaja Tallinnas Tstuse 48/Peetri 11, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Rasmus Tamme, Jaanus Saarepera (ARS Projekt), sisearhitektid Eero Jrgenson, Andres Jomp (ARS Projekt). 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  2. Kutseharidust hakkab muutma uus paradigma / André Huigens ; intervjueerinud Veiko Belials

    Huigens, André

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Luual toimunud rahvusvahelise kutsehariduse alase seminari peaesineja, André Huigensiga, kes on Euroopa kutseõppe arenduskeskuse Cedefop kvalifikatsiooniraamistiku ekspert Hollandi Wellantcollege’ist

  3. Film, ruum ja narratiiv : "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" ning "Viini postmark" / Eva Nripea

    Nripea, Eva

    2006-01-01

    Analsitakse narratiivi aegruumi loomise viise juhtumi analsi vormis, vaadeldes kaht eesti mngufilmi : G. Kromanovi "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1966) ja Veljo Ksperi "Viini postmark" (Tallinnfilm, 1967)

  4. Lnemere strateegia arvestab kodanike ettepanekutega / Jose Palma Andres ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Palma Andres, Jose

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni regionaalpoliitika peadirektoraadi direktor Jose Palma Andres vastab ksimustele, mis puudutavad avalikku debatti Lnemere strateegia le ning Venemaa partnerlust Lnemere strateegias. Lisa: [Lnemere strateegia

  5. Mangrove forest composition and structure in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama.

    McGowan, Tom; Cunningham, Sarah L; Guzmán, Héctor M; Mair, James M; Guevara, José M; Betts, Tanja

    2010-09-01

    Mangrove forest is an important ecosystem that provides many services, but in Panama, as in other countries, they are under threat due to a variety of human activities. Nowadays, large areas of mangroves continue to be lost without been described and lack of management strategies. This study focused on the mangrove structure in the two largest islands, Isla del Rey and Isla San Jose, of Las Perlas Archipelago (LPA), Pacific Panama. Assessment of Landsat satellite imagery revealed loss of mangroves in the LPA of 965ha in the period 1974-1986, and 248ha in the period 1986-2000. The majority of the loss (>77%) from the two study islands was due to timber extraction and agricultural development. In May 2006, permanent plots following the CARICOMP protocol were established at two sites on Isla del Rey (R1 and R2) and one site on Isla San Jose (SJ) where standardized metrics such as species, height and diameter at breast height of adult trees and seedlings were recorded. Forest structure differed at the three sites, although R1 and R2 were most similar. At R1, Laguncularia racemosa was the important species and R2 was dominated by Pelliciera rhizophorae. Examination of the forest structure and classified imagery indicated that these sites are spatially dynamic and appear to be rejuvenating. The forest structure would indicate that the sites have been growth-limited previously by human activities and possibly by other factors. SJ was dominated by Rhizophora mangle and appears to have a mature forest with large adult trees and few seedlings. It does not appear to have shown the same extent of spatial regrowth as the other two sites between 1986 and 2000 and is relatively static. The establishment of permanent plots and monitoring will be useful as part of the management plan, as the LPA shows a variety of mangrove structures and could be subject to further coastal development. PMID:20737843

  6. Mida teeks tulevane kultuuriminister 500 miljoni krooniga? / interv. Andres Keil

    2007-01-01

    Suuremate erakondade kultuurispetsialistid (kultuuriministrikandidaadid) Urmas Paet, Andres Herkel, Peeter Jalakas, Indrek Saar, Jaak Allik, samuti kultuuriminister Raivo Palmaru vastavad ksimustele, mis on suurimad ohud eesti keele ja rahvuskultuuri silimisele, milline on kultuuriministeeriumi ja -ministri portfelli staatus praeguses valitsuses, kas kultuuri rahastamine riigieelarvest on piisav, mille poolest erineb nende erakonna ngemus kultuuripoliitikast teiste erakondade omast, kuhu nad suunaksid 50, 500 miljonit, kui see oleks nende ksutuses

  7. Tallinna Lennujaama kauba- ja tolliterminaal. Lennujaama 2, Tallinn / Andres Põime

    Põime, Andres

    1998-01-01

    Kaubateeninduskeskuse puhul on tegemist suure, plaanimõõtudes 36x102 meetrise metallkonstruktsioonis, sandwich tüüpi paneelidega kaetud laohoonega, kus ühelt poolt tuuakse tollitav kaup lennukitelt sisse ja teiselt poolt viiakse tollitud kaup välja. Peatöövõtja : Normanni Linnagrupi AS. Ehitaja : Merko. Peaprojekteerija : K-Projekt. Arhitektuurne lahendus : Stuudio 3. Arhitekt Andres Põime ; töögrupp Vivian Oruvee, Tiiu Raudsepp, Reet Põime. Projekt 1997-98, valmis 1998.

  8. Andrés Maldonado López

    Alonso, Belén (Alonso Martínez); Díaz, José Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Andrés Maldonado is widely recognised among the main cross-disciplinary academic national and international institutions. He has received many awards, among them the “Alfonso X El Sabio” cross from the Ministry of Science and Education in 1971, and the DUPONT prize for science in 1992. Currently, Maldonado is founding member elect of the European Academy of Science, London (1987-present), corresponding member elect of the Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona (2000 present), and per...

  9. Pelagic microplastics around an archipelago of the Equatorial Atlantic.

    Ivar do Sul, Juliana A; Costa, Monica F; Barletta, Mrio; Cysneiros, Francisco Jos A

    2013-10-15

    Plastic marine debris is presently widely recognised as an important environmental pollutant. Such debris is reported in every habitat of the oceans, from urban tourist beaches to remote islands and from the ocean surface to submarine canyons, and is found buried and deposited on sandy and cobble beaches. Plastic marine debris varies from micrometres to several metres in length and is potentially ingested by animals of every level of the marine food web. Here, we show that synthetic polymers are present in subsurface plankton samples around Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago in the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. To explain the distribution of microplastics around the Archipelago, we proposed a generalised linear model (GLM) that suggests the existence of an outward gradient of mean plastic-particle densities. Plastic items can be autochthonous or transported over large oceanic distances. One probable source is the small but persistent fishing fleet using the area. PMID:23953893

  10. Yeast biodiversity in the vineyards of the Azores Archipelago (Portugal)

    Neves, J. Drumonde; Lima, Teresa; Schuller, Dorit

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to identify the fermentative yeasts communities of the vineyards from the mid-Atlantic islands ecosystems of the Azores Archipelago and to evaluate whether the populations vary according to the islands geography, grape variety and type of vineyard. From an ecological point of view, vineyards of these isolated volcanic islands terroirs correspond to very particular ecosystems, whose yeast flora is completely unknown. During the harvests of 2009 and 2010, 88 and 75 grape sam...

  11. Ecology and conservation of bottlenose dolphins in Madeira Archipelago, Portugal

    Dinis, Ana Margarida Brites Caetano

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to provide an insight on the ecology of the bottlenose dolphin population in Madeira archipelago. To achieve this, population structure; group dynamics, site-fidelity, residency and movement patterns within and out of the study area; survival and abundance estimates and spatial and temporal distribution and habitat preferences related to physiographic parameters using data collected between 2001-2011, were investigated. Photo-identification data analysis revealed str...

  12. Archipelago Tidal Flats in Korea: Sedimentological and Geoheritage Significance

    Woo, Kyung Sik; Chun, SeungSoo; Moon, Kyong O.

    2015-04-01

    Over one thousand islands with rocky shores are distributed and concentrated along the southwestern coast of the Korean Peninsula. Various tidal flats formed along the rocky coasts of the archipelago have been developed due to the relative decrease in accommodation space by slow sea-level rise on broad marginal epicontinental seas during the Holocene. Sedimentation and evolution on these archipelago tidal flats (ATF) show quite distinctive and various tidal flat patterns, depending upon the location and direction of rocky shores which have been constantly influenced by monsoon winds reversely changing with season. Generally ATF is characterized by surrounding wave-dominated sand flats along the outside of the archipelago and by broad tide-dominated mud flats in its central part with spring tidal range reaching up to 6 meters. The open-coast outside sand flats and inner mud flats are completely different in terms of sedimentation and the evolution of sedimentary sequences. The former has been deposited by the transgressive sedimentation with strongly destructive and weakly constructive wave/tide processes, forming relative thin and younger (ca. 3,000 yrs BP) remnant storm-dominated sandflat units. The latter has been deposited by continuous transgressive settling with constructive tidal processes during Holocene, forming relative thick and older (from ca. 7,000 yrs BP) mud-flat units. Geomorphological features and the geological evolution of the ATF (Shinan archipelago and Yoobudo islands in Seocheon) display a quite distinctive pattern of ongoing geological processes from the Wadden Sea tidal flats which was already inscribed as World Natural Heritage. Therefore, the Outstanding Universal Values of the Korean ITF for criteria (vii) and (viii) should provide a strong support for the additional World Natural Heritage Site.

  13. Contribution to the Pteridophyte Flora of Langkawi Archipelago, Peninsular Malaysia.

    Maideen, Haja; Damanhuri, Ahmad

    2015-12-01

    The pteridophyte flora of Langkawi Archipelago consists of 130 species, 1 subspecies and 12 varieties in 68 genera and 27 families. This value represents 22.1% of the 647 taxa at the species level and below reported for Peninsular Malaysia. Of the 143 recorded taxa of pteridophytes at the species level and below, 8 species in 2 genera and 2 families are lycophytes and the other 135 taxa in 66 genera and 25 families are monilophytes or ferns. PMID:26868714

  14. ESTIMATION OF FISH PRODUCTION AROUND INDONESIA ARCHIPELAGO USING SATELLITE DATA

    ANAK AGUNG AYU PUTRININGSIH; Takahiro Osawa; I Wayan Redi Aryanta

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia as an archipelagic country has the potentiality of a huge fishery resources and high biodiversity. Fishresources in the waters can be estimated by knowing the content of the primary production (PP) of these waters.The aim of the research are to estimate the variability of environment parameter (SST and Chl-a concentration)and to estimate of PP and fish production (FP), derived from satellite around Indonesia Archipelago.The research was conducted in nine of Indonesia Fisheries Manag...

  15. Mapping Human Genetic Diversity on the Japanese Archipelago

    Qi-Liang Ding; Chuan-Chao Wang; Sara E. Farina; Hui Li

    2011-01-01

    The Japanese people are one of the most important populations for studying the origin and diversification of East Asian populations. As an island population, the Japanese's path of migration is a long-standing controversy. Archeological evidence suggests that there were at least two waves of migration to the Japanese archipelago in prehistory: the Paleolithic and Neolithic Jomonese as well as the Aeneolithic Yayoiese. However, the contributions of these Jomonese and Yayoiese to the contempora...

  16. From the islands point of view. Warfare and transformation in an Andean vertical archipelago

    Platt, Tristan

    2014-01-01

    From the islands point of view. Warfare and transformation in an Andean vertical archipelago. The article combines John V. Murras theory of the vertical archipelago a dynamic model of the changing historical relations between Andean societies, the complementary ecologies they inhabit, and emergent State-formations with transformationalist theories developed among Amazonian peoples. Drawing on field-work with a longlived archipelago in the valleys of the Macha ayllu (Northern...

  17. To the knowledge of cuckoo wasps (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) of the Balearic Archipelago, Spain.

    Strumia, Franco; Gayubo, Severiano Fernndez

    2013-01-01

    The Chrysididae of the Balearic Archipelago were studied by operating four Malaise traps in the Mallorca and Menorca Islands. Traps captured 98 individuals belonging to 19 species. Including all available data from literature, the number of species in this archipelago rise to 34. Hedychridium balearicum Strumia, sp. nov (Mallorca) is described and key to the Hedychridium monochroum species-group is given. Extrapolation from available data suggests the presence of about 58 to 107 Chrysididae species in the Balearic Archipelago. PMID:26312305

  18. Rain Tolk ja Andres Maimik : Eesti filmi keigarid, geeniused ja ullikesed / Piret Reiljan

    Reiljan, Piret, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Rain Tolk, Andres Maimik, kelle tragikoomiline film "Jan Uuspõld läheb Tartusse" (OÜ "Kuukulgur Film") on üks vaadatuimad eesti filme läbi aegade. Ka teised neist : kommenteerivad Jan Uuspõld, Maria Ulfsak-Sheripova, Andres Keil, Urmas Pardane ja Mikk Rand

  19. La guerre des recensions (autour d'une note d'Andr\\'e Weil en 1940)

    Audin, Michèle

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the reviews of a Comptes rendus note by Andr\\'e Weil in 1940 in the three journals Jahrbuch \\"uber die Fortschritte der Mathematik, Zentralblatt f\\"ur Mathematik und ihre Grenzgebiete and Mathematical Reviews, together with the context of the publication of these reviews.

  20. Tennis star Andre Agassi initiates a photovoltaic school project in Las Vegas; Spiel, Satz, Solar. Tennisstar Andre Agassi setzt fuer sein Schulprojekt in Las Vegas auf Photovoltaik

    Hirsch, Matthew

    2011-03-15

    Tennis star Andre Agassi founded a private school already in 2001. The school is located in a problem area of Las Vegas and is to give challenged children access to better education. The school, named ''Andre Agassi College Preparatory Academy'' has the biggest roof-mounted PV system in the state of Nevada. In the final stage, it will have an installed capacity of 540 kW.

  1. 77 FR 54811 - Safety Zone; TriRock San Diego, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2012-09-06

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; TriRock San Diego, San Diego Bay, San Diego... safety zone upon the navigable waters of the San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA, in support of a bay swim...

  2. 78 FR 53243 - Safety Zone; TriRock San Diego, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2013-08-29

    ... Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; TriRock San Diego, San Diego Bay, San Diego... temporary safety zone upon the navigable waters of the San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA, in support of...

  3. Globaliseerumine : oht või võimalus? / Andres Arrak

    Arrak, Andres

    2007-01-01

    Globaliseerumise ja võrgustumise muutumine võimaluseks või ohuks sõltub konkreetse riigi majanduse ja tööturu kohanemisvõimest. Globaalsete finantsvoogude kirjeldus, kapitali ja Eestisse tulevate rahavoogude analüüs ning hinnang Eesti tööturu paindlikkusele ja ettevõtjate innovatiivsusele. Graafikud: Otse- ja portfelliinvesteeringute ning laenude sissevool Eestisse 1992-2006; Diagramm: Eesti tööjõuturg sammub Ameerika jälgedes. Vt. samas: Andres Saarniit. Raha ei ole kuhugi kadunud

  4. Timing and number of colonizations but not diversification rates affect diversity patterns in hemosporidian lineages on a remote oceanic archipelago

    Cornuault, Josselin; Warren, Ben H.; Bertrand, Joris A. M.; Milá, Borja; Thébaud, Christophe; Heeb, Philipp

    2013-01-01

    Parasite diversity on remote oceanic archipelagos is determined by the number and timing of colonizations and by in situ diversification rate. In this study, we compare intra-archipelago diversity of two hemosporidian parasite genera, Plasmodium and Leucocytozoon, infecting birds of the Mascarene archipelago. Despite the generally higher vagility of Plasmodium parasites, we report a diversity of Plasmodium cytochrome b haplotypes in the archipelago much lower than that of Leucocytozoon. Using...

  5. Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago : Revised Edition

    Bellwood, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Since its publication in 1985, Peter Bellwood’s Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago has been hailed as the sole authoritative work on the subject by the leading expert in the field. Now that work has been fully revised and includes a complete up-to-date summary of the archaeology of the region (and relevant neighboring areas of China and Oceania), as well as a comprehensive discussion of new and important issues (such as the “Eve-Garden of Eden” hypothesis and its relevance to the In...

  6. 'Redefining health care': medical homes or archipelagos to navigate?

    Enthoven, Alain C; Crosson, Francis J; Shortell, Stephen M

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides an analysis of the structure of the health care delivery system, emphasizing physician group practices. The authors argue for comprehensive integrated delivery systems (IDSs). The jumping-off point for their analysis is the recently published Redefining Health Care: Creating Value-Based Competition on Results, by Michael Porter and Elizabeth Teisberg. The authors focus on the book's core idea that competitors should be freestanding integrated practice units (or "islands in archipelagos") versus IDSs (or "medical homes"). In any case, the authors contend that this issue should be resolved by competition to attract and serve informed, cost-conscious, responsible consumers on a level playing field. PMID:17848447

  7. Pomeranchuk Prize awarded to André Martin

    Jordan Juras

    2010-01-01

    Professor André Martin has been awarded the I.Ya.Pomeranchuk Prize 2010, alongside Professor Valentine Zakharov.   André Martin, CERN theorist, pictured at the ceremony held in honour of his 80th birthday (August 2009). Established by the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in memory of an outstanding scientist Isaak Yakovlevich Pomeranchuk, the prize is awarded for the study of analytic properties of the scattering amplitude; which lead to the Froissart—Martin bound on the cross section growth with energy. The prize comes as a great honor for Martin, who was in fact a good friend of Mr. Pomeranchuk, "I am surprised and delighted to learn that I will be receiving the 2010 Pomeranchuk Prize. I was an admirer of Pomeranchuk and we shared a great friendship. I met with him for the last time in Erevan (Armenia) in 1965. As a good-bye, he told me, 'Analyticity exists'. This is precisely what I proved to earn the prize"....

  8. New vascular plant records for the Canadian Arctic Archipelago

    Gillespie, Lynn J.; Saarela, Jeffery M.; Sokoloff, Paul C.; Bull, Roger D.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The Canadian Arctic Archipelago is a vast region of approximately 1,420,000 km2, with a flora characterized by low species diversity, low endemicity, and little influence by alien species. New records of vascular plant species are documented here based on recent fieldwork on Victoria and Baffin Islands; additional records based on recent literature sources are mentioned. This paper serves as an update to the 2007 publication Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, and brings the total number of vascular plants for the region to 375 species and infraspecific taxa, an increase of 7.7%. Three families (Amaranthaceae, Juncaginaceae, Pteridaceae) and seven genera (Cherleria L., Cryptogramma R. Br., Platanthera Rich., Sabulina Rchb., Suaeda Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel., Triglochin L., Utricularia L.) are added to the flora, and one genus is deleted (Minuartia L.). Five species are first records for Nunavut (Arenaria longipedunculata Hultn, Cryptogramma stelleri (S.G. Gmel.) Prantl, Puccinellia banksiensis Consaul, Saxifraga eschscholtzii Sternb., Utricularia ochroleuca R.W. Hartm.) PMID:26311505

  9. The Idea of the Archipelago: Contemplating Island Relations

    Elaine Stratford

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Creative, innovative, and timely research on islands and island futures is warranted and pressing, not least because island(ers are poorly served by established tropes of them as subordinate to continents or mainlands. Opportunities exist to provide a more thoroughgoing account of island life and island relations, and the seven papers in this special issue address that task. In works that consider islands in the Timor Sea, the Caribbean, the Pacific, Atlantic and Southern Oceans, and that span several different disciplinary frames—archival-historical, critical theoretical, literary, cultural, geopolitical, sociological and artistic—these papers evidence both the diversity of approach to thinking with the archipelago, and numerous points in common. Among the latter is an understanding that island relations are built on connection, assemblage, mobility, and multiplicity, and a commitment to critically examine the ways in which these entanglements affect and give effect to island life. The models of island relationality brought to light by this collective focus on the archipelago reveal new and diverse connections of island peoples with their physical and cultural environments, and with the world beyond; create spaces for growing resilience, association and engagement; and invite further study.

  10. Marine actinomycetes from Madeira Archipelago preliminary taxonomic studies

    Ilda Santos Sanches

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The oceans cover 70 % of the Earth´s surface and harbor most of the planet´s biodiversity. However the microbiological component of this diversity remains relatively unexplored. Marine actinomycetes, are a robust resource of chemically prolific novelty. Producing structurally unique biological active secondary metabolites, generating a valuable source for innovative biotechnology and drug discovery[1,2]. As a consequence, the ecological role of actinomycetes and their marine ecosystems may no longer be neglected. It is crucial to move our research efforts into ocean regions for which we know little or nothing about the indigenous microbial diversity. The Portuguese Archipelago, Madeira is located in the Macaronesian Atlantic region, emerging from the African tectonic plate, found in the extreme south of the Tore-Madeira ridge, has a unique biogeography and biodiversity. These distinctive characteristics combined with the fact that Madeira have never been explored, as far as indigenous marine actinomycetes are concerned, makes it from the scientific point of view, the perfect target for our studies. From 662 marine sediment samples collected along Madeira Archipelago (Figure 1 during June of 2012, covering depths from 10-1310 m, a total of 421 actinomycete strains were isolated. In a previous study, an assemblage of 82 strains was selected for taxonomic identification, having into account representative morphological diversity characteristics of the actinomycetes, isolated from Madeira Archipelago. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, it was observed that the genera Streptomyces, Micromonospora and Salinispora were predominant, 81% [3]. Additionally, in a recent study, our team selected 168 strains with Salinispora look-alike morphological features. From these 28 strains were identified as belonging to the seawater-obligate marine actinomycete genus Salinispora. Representing the first report of Salinispora spp. in the Macaronesian Atlantic Ocean region and suggesting a more globally distribution of this genus than previously supposed (unplublished results. In this study further 82 strains from Madeira Archipelago (out of 421 were selected for taxonomic identification, taking into account small groups of strains (1-4 evidencing very diverse morphological appearances, as exemplified in Figure 2. Using the same experimental microbiology identification tools, 8 genera were identified. However it was perceived that, the genera Streptomyces, Nocardiopsis and Actinomycetospora were predominant (93%, Figure 3. The phylogenetic trees built for the 82 taxonomically identified strains performed in this study are presented in Figures 4, 5 and 6. To date, having into account the present work and previous studies, our research group have identified from the actinomycetes isolated from Madeira´s ocean sediments, genera Streptomyces, Micromonospora, Salinispora, Nocardiopsis, Verrucosispora, Kocuria, Nonomuraea, Nocardia, Brevibacterium, Mycobacterium, Marinobacter, Actinomadura, Micrococcus, Actinomycetospora, Pseudonocardia, Gordonia and Millisia. From which genera Streptomyces, Micromonospora, Salinispora evidence a major representation. Crude extracts were obtained from all 421 strains and tested for their ability to produce natural products with bioactive properties: (i antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE and Candida albicans strains; and (ii cytotoxic activity against the HCT-116 cell line. A screening positive rate of 2.4% for antimicrobial MRSA and VRE assays and 3.2% for cytotoxic HCT-116 assay was obtained (submitted manuscripts. These studies demonstrate that the Macaronesian Atlantic Ocean region is a rich source of marine actinomycete biodiversity with potential industrial applications. Figure 1. Marine actinomycetes sediment sampling locations at Madeira Archipelago. Figure 2. Morphological diversity characteristics of the taxonomically identified 82 strains. Figure 3. Identified genera from the 82 selected strains. Figure 4. Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree created from 63 partial 16S rRNA gene sequence from Streptomyces strains cultured from Madeira Archipelago, based on 1000 bootstrap replicates. BLAST matches (deposited in GenBank are included with species and strain name followed by accession number. Verrucosispora maris and Micromonospora aurantiaca were used as outgroups. Figure 5. Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree created from 8 partial 16S rRNA gene sequence from Nocardiopsis strains cultured from Madeira Archipelago, based on 1000 bootstrap replicates. BLAST matches (deposited in GenBank are included with species and strain name followed by accession number. Streptomyces albolongus and Streptomyces exfoliatus were used as outgroups. Figure 6. Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree created from 11 partial 16S rRNA gene sequence from actinomycete strains cultured from Madeira Archipelago, based on 1000 bootstrap replicates. BLAST matches (deposited in GenBank are included with species and strain name followed by accession number. Bifidobacterium sp. and Propionibacterium propionicus were used as outgroups.

  11. Mangrove forest composition and structure in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama

    Tom McGowan

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Mangrove forest is an important ecosystem that provides many services, but in Panama, as in other countries, they are under threat due to a variety of human activities. Nowadays, large areas of mangroves continue to be lost without been described and lack of management strategies. This study focused on the mangrove structure in the two largest islands, Isla del Rey and Isla San Jose, of Las Perlas Archipelago (LPA, Pacific Panama. Assessment of Landsat satellite imagery revealed loss of mangroves in the LPA of 965ha in the period 1974-1986, and 248ha in the period 1986-2000. The majority of the loss (>77% from the two study islands was due to timber extraction and agricultural development. In May 2006, permanent plots following the CARICOMP protocol were established at two sites on Isla del Rey (R1 and R2 and one site on Isla San Jose (SJ where standardized metrics such as species, height and diameter at breast height of adult trees and seedlings were recorded. Forest structure differed at the three sites, although R1 and R2 were most similar. At R1, Laguncularia racemosa was the important species and R2 was dominated by Pelliciera rhizophorae. Examination of the forest structure and classified imagery indicated that these sites are spatially dynamic and appear to be rejuvenating. The forest structure would indicate that the sites have been growth-limited previously by human activities and possibly by other factors. SJ was dominated by Rhizophora mangle and appears to have a mature forest with large adult trees and few seedlings. It does not appear to have shown the same extent of spatial regrowth as the other two sites between 1986 and 2000 and is relatively static. The establishment of permanent plots and monitoring will be useful as part of the management plan, as the LPA shows a variety of mangrove structures and could be subject to further coastal development. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (3: 857-869. Epub 2010 September 01.

  12. San Francisco Accelerator Conference

    'Where are today's challenges in accelerator physics?' was the theme of the open session at the San Francisco meeting, the largest ever gathering of accelerator physicists and engineers

  13. Rootsi Mööbel ronib uuesti ree peale / Andres Soosaar ; interv. Hans Väre

    Soosaar, Andres

    2009-01-01

    Saarepeedi vallas mööblidetaile tootva firma Rootsi Mööbel juhatuse liige Andres Soosaar annab hinnangu majandusministeeriumis valminud abipaketile, mis on mõeldud eksportivatele ettevõtetele, ka ettevõtte tegevusest

  14. Film, ruum ja narratiiv : "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" ning "Viini postmark" / Eva Näripea

    Näripea, Eva

    2006-01-01

    Analüüsitakse narratiivi aegruumi loomise viise juhtumi analüüsi vormis, vaadeldes kaht eesti mängufilmi : G. Kromanovi "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1966) ja Veljo Käsperi "Viini postmark" (Tallinnfilm, 1967)

  15. Film, ruum ja narratiiv : "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" ning "Viini postmark" / Eva Näripea

    Näripea, Eva, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    Analüüsitakse narratiivi aegruumi loomise viise juhtumi analüüsi vormis, vaadeldes kaht eesti mängufilmi : G. Kromanovi "Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega?" (Tallinnfilm, 1966) ja Veljo Käsperi "Viini postmark" (Tallinnfilm, 1967)

  16. Proceedings of the 3. Summer School Jorge Andre Swieca in Nuclear Physics

    This book contents the lectures and seminars presented during the Jorge Andre Swieca III Summer School-Nuclear Physics 1987 which happened in February 1987 in Itaipava - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil. (A.C.A.S.)

  17. Andres Herkel : Venemaa esindaja ENPA presidendiks ei sobi / Haldi Ellam, Ravil Khair Al-Din

    Ellam, Haldi

    2007-01-01

    Vene ajalehe Kommersant vitel on Eesti parlamendi sdistused ENPA presidendi Rene van der Lindeni vastu seotud Mihhail Margelovi vimaliku valimisega uueks presidendiks. Kristiina Ojuland ja Andres Herkel lkkavad vite tagasi

  18. Korterelamu Tallinnas Weizenbergi 29 = Apartment Building in Tallinn, at 29 Weizenbergi Street / Andres Alver

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Puitvoodriga betoonist kastjas hoone. Projekteerija Alver Trummal Arhitektid. Arhitektid Andres Alver ja Tarmo Laht. Eriosad: Eesti Projekt. Projekt 1998, valmis 2000. 3 ill.: põhiplaan, välisvaade, Pille Lausmäe kujundatud korteri vaade

  19. Noblessneri Loomemaja = Noblessner Creative house / Rasmus Tamme, Jaanus Saarepera, Eero Jürgenson, Andres Jomp

    2015-01-01

    Noblessneri Loomemaja Tallinnas Tööstuse 48/Peetri 11, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Rasmus Tamme, Jaanus Saarepera (ARS Projekt), sisearhitektid Eero Jürgenson, Andres Jomp (ARS Projekt). 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  20. Läänemere strateegia arvestab kodanike ettepanekutega / Jose Palma Andres ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Palma Andres, Jose

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni regionaalpoliitika peadirektoraadi direktor Jose Palma Andres vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad avalikku debatti Läänemere strateegia üle ning Venemaa partnerlust Läänemere strateegias. Lisa: [Läänemere strateegia

  1. Raio Piiroja : mängijatest ei suudetud maksimumi pigistada / Andres Kalvik

    Kalvik, Andres, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 19. nov., lk. 13. Eesti koondis võlgneb EM-valikturniiri viimase kohtumise 2:0 Andorra üle suuresti Andres Operile. Kommenteerib Andorra koondise peatreener David Rodrigo

  2. Vallavanemate hinnang aastatele 2008 ja 2009 / Jri Lillsoo, Kalmer Mrtson, Andre Sepp

    Lillsoo, Jri, 1943-

    2009-01-01

    Milline oli aasta 2008 Teie valla jaoks, kui silmas pidada kiiret svenevat majanduslangust? Mida oodata aastast 2009?Ksimustele vastavad Anija vallavanem Jri Lillsoo, Kuusalu vallavanem Kalmer Mrtson ja Raasiku vallavanem Andre Sepp

  3. Haapsalu Gümnaasiumi võimla = Haapsalu Gymnasium Gym / Andres Alver

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Projekteerija: Alver Trummal Arhitektid OÜ. Arhitektid Andres Alver, Sven Koppel, Tarmo Laht, Ulla Mets. Projekt 1998-1999, hoone valmis 2001. 11 ill.: asendi- ja korruse plaan, pikilõige, välis- ja sisevaated

  4. Tallinna idee / Andres Alver, Ott Alver, Marten Kaevats ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso ; kommenteerinud Douglas Gordon

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2011-01-01

    17. veebruaril esitleti raamatut "Tallinna idee", mis on koostatud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia 4. kursuse arhitektuuritudengite kursuseprojektide phjal. Tallinna teemal vestlevad tudengid Ott Alver ja Marten Kaevats ning nende juhendaja professor Andres Alver

  5. letades piire = Crossing the Bordes / Anders Hrm, Tarmo Maiste ; interv. Andres Kurg, Triin Ojari

    Hrm, Anders, 1977-

    2000-01-01

    Intervjuu Veneetsia 7. arhitektuuribiennaali Eesti ekspositsiooni "Simulacrum City" autorite Anders Hrmi ja Tarmo Maistega. Eesti vljapanekust (arhitektuurifotod - Arne Maasik; filmi, stsenaarium ja kontseptsioon - Andres Maimik, Jaak Kilmi, muusika - Taavi Laatsit), biennaalist. 13 ill

  6. André-Philip Lemke näitus Tallinnas / Mari Laaniste

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    1998-01-01

    Saksa kunstniku André-Philip Lemke (1970) näitus "Üks-üks armsa Jumala kasuks" 17. augustist Saksa Kultuuriinstituudis. Tööd on valgele paberile tavalise sinise pastapliiatsiga kirjutatud-joonistatud

  7. Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega? : error'ist krgklassi homo soveticus'e nitel / Liisa Kaljula

    Kaljula, Liisa, 1982-

    2014-01-01

    Autor analsib 2014. a. Tallinna Semiosalongi loengute sarja phiteema - error'i miste avamiseks he inimliigi kujunemislugu - Eesti filmiklassikast tuntud tegelaskuju Andres Lapeteuse tusu ning langust homo soveticus'ena

  8. Kaitseve korralduse seadus muudab asjaajamise lihtsamaks ja selgemaks / Andres Anvelt ; interv. Liivi Parrest

    Anvelt, Andres, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Kaitseve korralduse seaduse rakendamise projektirhma juht Andres Anvelt selgitab muudatusi 1. jaan 2009 kehtima hakkavas seaduses. Lisatud: 57. Seaduse rakendamine ; 37. Kaitseve volitused kaitseveluure teostamisel ; 41. Osalemine julgeolekuasutuste tegevuses ; 23. Kaitseve juhtimise alused

  9. "Riigikogu hoone 90" = "Estonian parliament building 90" / Janno Roos, Andres Labi

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta nituse kujunduse preemia plvinud nitusest (Lossiplats 1A). Kujunduse autorid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi (Ruumilabor). Kuraator Mait Vljas. Graafiline disain: Identity. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate rii liikme Mari Kurismaa ning arhitektuuriajaloolase Leele Vlja arvamused

  10. Väitlus tumma tekstiga : Hans Anton Schults ja Andres Saal / Katre Kikas

    Kikas, Katre

    2006-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse H. A. Schults'i (1866-1905) 1903. a. Jakob Hurdale saadetud kirjutisi, kus ta polemiseerib oma kaasaegse Andres Saaliga arutledes "vanade eestlaste" moraali, rahvuse ja religiooni teemal

  11. SUTD-i koorik = SUTD Gridshell / Andres Sevtuk, Raul Kalvo

    Sevtuk, Andres, 1981-

    2013-01-01

    Singapuri Tehnoloogia ja Disaini likooli (SUTD) raamatukogu paviljon. Eskiis valmis esimese aasta lipilastele korraldatud ttoas. Algse ideega ttas edasi City Form Lab (arhitektid Andres Sevtuk, Raul Kalvo). Paviljon pandi kokku ligi saja lipilase osalusel. Valmis: mai 2013

  12. Postsotsialismist vaatemngulinna = From Post-Socialism to the City of the Spectacle / Andres Kurg

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Broo Alver Trummal Arhitektid tdest, Andres Alverist ja Tiit Trummalist. rihoonest Tallinnas Rvala pst. 4. Autorid: Andres Alver, Tiit Trummal, Tarmo Laht, Indrek Rnkla, Ulla Mets, Sven Koppel. Konstruktor Eido Uustalu (Eesti Projekt). Projekt 2001, valmis 2006. City Plazast Tallinnas Tartu mnt. 2. Autorid: A. Alver, T. Trummal, T. Laht, I. Rnkla, Martin Melioranski, U. Mets. Konstruktor: Tiit Masso, Pike Projekt. Sisekujundus (fuajeed, restoran): Pille Lausme. Projekt 2001, valmis 2004. Lige, phiplaan, 3 vrv. vlis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  13. André-Louis Cholesky mathematician, topographer and army officer

    Brezinski, Claude

    2014-01-01

    Outside the professional circles of topography and applied mathematics, the life and work of André-Louis Cholesky (1875–1918) are still relatively unknown to the scientific community. This new book appreciably widens the exposure of his remarkable personal achievements in topography and mathematics to a much larger international audience.   Cholesky is also interesting to historians because he is a perfect representative of the "scientists engineers" that, since the early 19th century, had issued from the French scientific high schools. Because they had received a high level of mathematical education, they were able to innovate in their practice of engineering. In the case of Cholesky, this resulted in original contributions in artillery, topography, numerical analysis and graphical calculation. In addition, the book places his education and works within the history of several European countries through the 17th to 19th centuries.   The book begins with Cholesky's biography, followed by his family’s hi...

  14. Pierre Darriulat is awarded the André Lagarrigue Prize

    2009-01-01

    Pierre Darriulat at the VATLY Laboratory in Hanoï. Former CERN Research Director, Pierre Darriulat, who is now Professor of Physics at VATLY in Hanoi (Vietnam), has won the 2008 André Lagarrigue Prize. This prize, instituted by the Linear Accelerator Laboratory (LAL) at Orsay under the aegis of the French Physical Society, is awarded to front-line researchers who have had responsibility for machine/detector construction and derived maximum scientific benefit from such projects, performed in a French laboratory or in close collaboration with French groups. Pierre Darriulat has received the award in recognition of his outstanding career at the CEA, at LBL (Berkeley) and at CERN from 1964 onwards. At CERN he managed the experiments at the Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR) before taking charge of the UA2 collaboration from 1980 to 1986, which participated in decisive discoveries at the ppbar collider. In particular, in 1982, the UA2 experiment began observing high trans...

  15. ESTIMATION OF FISH PRODUCTION AROUND INDONESIA ARCHIPELAGO USING SATELLITE DATA

    ANAK AGUNG AYU PUTRININGSIH

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia as an archipelagic country has the potentiality of a huge fishery resources and high biodiversity. Fishresources in the waters can be estimated by knowing the content of the primary production (PP of these waters.The aim of the research are to estimate the variability of environment parameter (SST and Chl-a concentrationand to estimate of PP and fish production (FP, derived from satellite around Indonesia Archipelago.The research was conducted in nine of Indonesia Fisheries Management Area from 2004 to 2006. The PPwas calculated by Vertically Generalized Production Model (VGPM, which was introduced by Behrenfeld andFalkowski (1997a. The model introduced by Pauly and Christensen (1995 calculated the FP. The estimationof FP from model was compared to the FP data from the Department of Marine and Fisheries Resources ofIndonesia.In the territorial waters of Indonesia Archipelago the highest variations of average SST and Chl-a was estimatedat Arafuru Sea, whereas the lowest variation was estimated at Sulawesi Sea and Pacific Ocean. The total annualfish production from the model showed the highest and the lowest values were estimated at Indian Ocean(1,614,135.44 tons and Malacca Strait (268,305.64 tons, respectively. On the other hand, the total annualfish production from Department of Marine and Fisheries Resources of Indonesia showed the highest and thelowest values were estimated at Java Sea (850,151 tons and Banda Sea (198,078 tons, respectively. The highestcorrelation between fish production from satellite data and the data from Department of Marine and FisheriesResources of Indonesia was found at Arafuru Sea with R = 0.97. The nine fisheries areas of Indonesia during2004 to 2006 were categorized as fully until over exploited fishing zone.

  16. Lectio platonica: André Laks, lector de las Leyes Lectio platonica: André Laks, Reader of the Laws

    José Molina

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo describe y comenta brevemente el libro de André Laks La filosofía política de Platón a la luz de las Leyes, que es, simultáneamente, una exhortación a leer las Leyes; una introducción, no sólo a las Leyes, sino a la teoría política platónica, y también una crítica de la recepción que había tenido esta obra. Según Laks, la filosofía política, a pesar de existir algunos antecedentes, puede considerarse una creación de Platón, y se encuentra, sobre todo, en las relaciones que se establecen entre las Leyes y otros diálogos anteriores, principalmente la República y el Político.The present article describes and briefly comments on the book by André Laks, La filosofía política de Platón a la luz de las Leyes. The book is an invitation to read the Laws, an introduction to Plato's political philosophy (not only in the Laws and a critical assessment of the reception given to this work. According to Laks, Plato is the inventor of Political Philosophy, albeit some precursors, which is to be found in the relations between the Laws and other previous dialogues such as the Republic and the Politicus.

  17. Ecological Evaluation of Cres – Lošinj Archipelago for the Purpose of Tourism

    Iva Saganić

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this paper is ecological evaluation of the Cres-Lošinj archipelago and the way it could be used for tourism purposes. Rapid growth of population and increasing human economic activity influence the quality of the environment. That is why the concept of sustainable development has been made, as well as new kind of tourism - eco-tourism or sustainable tourism. Today there is a small number of regions with preserved nature. The Cres-Lošinj archipelago is one of them. There is a large number of preserved plant and animal species on the archipelago, as well as some rural areas with preserved local architecture. With the development of eco-tourism, this archipelago would get the image of the area with preserved and authentic natural and cultural surroundings and healthy living environment.

  18. CRED Reson 8101 multibeam backscatter data from the islands and banks in the Mariana archipelago, 2007.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Multibeam backscatter imagery extracted from gridded bathymetry of the Mariana archipelago between the U.S. Territory of Guam and Uracas Island in the Commonwealth...

  19. At the edge: Heritage and tourism development in Vietnams Con Dao archipelago

    Philip Hayward

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the development of Vietnams Con Dao archipelago (and Con Son island in particular as tourism destinations since the formal reunification of Vietnam in 1975. In particular it examines the nature of the areas two main tourism attractions, Con Sons prison sites and memorials and the archipelagos natural environment, and how these have been marketed to and experienced by national and international tourists. This discussion also involves considerations of the concept of thanatourism and how the latter might be understood to operate in a Vietnamese context. The final sections of the article consider development plans and options for the archipelago; how these can be understood within national political contexts; and what problems there might be with their implementation.

  20. The biogeography of fermentative yeast populations from the vineyards of the Azores archipelago

    Neves, J. Drumonde; Lima, Maria Teresa; Schuller, Dorit

    2011-01-01

    This study aims at the characterization of the fermentative yeasts flora of the vineyards from the Azores archipelago, for biodiversity preservation and the constitution of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain collection. During the harvests of 2009 and 2010, 163 (88 and 75) grape samples were collected from eight islands of the archipelago, that belonged to traditional (Arinto, Verdelho and Terrantez) and hybrid grape varieties. The sampling plan covered 36 locations, including vineyards in app...

  1. Baseline assessment of the reef fish assemblage from Cagarras Archipelago, Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil

    Carlos A. Rangel; Las C.T. Chaves; Cassiano Monteiro-Neto

    2007-01-01

    The extensive Brazilian coast comprises diverse reef fish communities. Here, we report a pioneer study on the reef fish community composition of the Cagarras Archipelago. This rocky reef system consists of a small group of coastal islands 5 km south off Ipanema Beach, Rio de Janeiro city, Brazil. A relatively diverse and disturbed fish community (99 species from 39 families) was found in this archipelago. Two different visual census techniques were utilized and a large difference was observed...

  2. A Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Archipelago Berth Allocation Problem

    Jianliang Peng; Renjian Li

    2014-01-01

    According to the special circumstances of the archipelago berth allocation, this paper proposes a model of Archipelago Berth Allocation Problem(ABAP), which considers numerous constraints such as the adaptability of berths, the depth of channels and the characteristics of ships. The objective of the problem is to minimize the sum of the handling time, waiting time and the sailing time in the port area of every ship. We introduce a formulation for solving this problem. Next, we present a Discr...

  3. The terrestrial reptile fauna of the Abrolhos Archipelago: species list and ecological aspects

    C. F. D Rocha; DUTRA G. F.; Vrcibradic, D.; MENEZES V. A.

    2002-01-01

    We have studied the terrestrial reptile fauna of the Abrolhos Archipelago (a group of five islands located ca. 70 km off the southern coast of the State of Bahia, Brazil) and analyze here some of its ecological aspects such as diet, thermal ecology, activity, and some reproductive parameters. Three lizards comprise the archipelago's terrestrial reptile fauna: Tropidurus torquatus (Tropiduridae), Mabuya agilis (Scincidae), and Hemidactylus mabouia (Gekkonidae). The first two are diurnal and th...

  4. Phylogeography of the prehensile-tailed skink Corucia zebrata on the Solomon Archipelago

    Hagen, Ingerid J; Donnellan, Stephen C.; Bull, C Michael

    2012-01-01

    The biogeography of islands is often strongly influenced by prior geological events. Corucia zebrata (Squamata: Scincidae) is endemic to the geologically complex Solomon Archipelago in Northern Melanesia. We examined the level of divergence for different island populations of C. zebrata and discussed these patterns in light of Pleistocene land bridges, island isolation, and island age. Corucia zebrata was sampled from 14 locations across the Solomon Archipelago and sequenced at two mitochondr...

  5. Diseo de una minicadena productiva para apicultura orgnica en San Andrs Islas a travs de un itinerario de ruta como herramienta de gestin e integracin / A roadmap itinerary as an integrative management tool in the design of a mini productive chain for organic beekeeping on San Andrs Island

    Diego Hernando, Flrez Martnez; Sdney, Ward Argota.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, la apicultura es una actividad econmica en consolidacin, que representa un potencial de riqueza por los mltiples beneficios que se pueden obtener a travs de la explotacin artesanal o industrial. En el sector agropecuario es una de las 37 cadenas productivas registradas ante el Mini [...] sterio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural; es objeto de priorizacin en procesos de investigacin, desarrollo e innovacin (I+D+i), en aras de incrementar su productividad y competitividad, involucrando la sostenibilidad de la poblacin rural y el componente industrial. El Archipilago de San Andrs, Providencia y Santa Catalina es objeto de iniciativas de desarrollo rural, impulso empresarial y fortalecimiento, pues ante la coyuntura socioeconmica por la disminucin del territorio martimo, busca diversificar las actividades econmicas de la poblacin raizal. Con la metodologa de alianzas productivas y los itinerarios de ruta como herramienta de gestin e integracin se dise, desde el enfoque tecnolgico, la estructura de la minicadena productiva de eslabones y segmentos; las directrices fueron los procesos productivos de tipo orgnico, seleccin de tecnologas, proveedores y mecanismos de certificacin al producto y capacitacin al recurso humano requerido, mediante un proceso analtico jerrquico utilizando el software Expert Choice. Se estructuraron lineamientos desde la base de poltica pblica y sectorial, consignada en la agenda nica nacional de I+D+i de la cadena y lineamientos establecidos (plan de desarrollo del departamento, plan de ciencia y tecnologa, CONPES y plan de ordenamiento territorial). La minicadena y el paquete tecnolgico de apicultura orgnica son un insumo de competitividad para el archipilago. Abstract in english In Colombia, beekeeping is an economic activity under consolidation, which represents a potential wealth for the many benefits that can be obtained through craft or industrial exploitation. It is one of the 37 productive agricultural-chains formed and registered through the Ministry of Agriculture a [...] nd Rural Development, and is subject to research, development and innovation (R+D+i) priority processes to increase productivity and competitiveness, involving both the sustainability of the rural population and the industrial component. The Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina is the subject of rural development initiatives, business and strategic planning because of the socioeconomic situation due to the reduction in maritime territory, seeks to diversify the economic activities of the native population. Within the framework of the productive chains and the strategy of the roadmaps itineraries as a management and integration tool, the mini productive chain was design, contemplating organic production process and rules, selection of technologies, suppliers and product certification mechanisms to the human resource and training required, through an analytic hierarchy process using Expert Choice software. Finally, a work plan was defined as the sole national research agenda R+D+i (Research + Development + innovation) for the national productive chain and the guidelines established in the department's development plan, the science and technology plan, the CONPES and the Territorial Order Plan.

  6. SANS studies of polymers

    Before small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), chain conformation studies were limited to light and small angle x-ray scattering techniques, usually in dilute solution. SANS from blends of normal and labeled molecules could give direct information on chain conformation in bulk polymers. Water-soluble polymers may be examined in H2O/D2O mixtures using contrast variation methods to provide further information on polymer structure. This paper reviews some of the information provided by this technique using examples of experiments performed at the National Center for Small-Angle Scattering Research (NCSASR)

  7. Alkohol, andre rusmidler og vold i epidemiologisk perspektiv

    Kai Pernanen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGDen medisinske interessen for vold og voldsskader har økt kraftig i løpet av de siste to tiårene. Det epidemiologiskeperspektivet på vold har blitt forsterket og et mer etiologisk og preventivt syn på volden er mere merkbarinnenfor sosialmedisinsk forskning. Alkoholen er en etiologisk faktor som har vist seg å være forbundet med voldi de aller fleste samfunn. I denne artikkelen beskrives de viktigste epidemiologiske metodene og funnene i studietav alkoholens sammenheng med vold. Denne sammenhengen har vist seg ikke å være direkte, men er avhengig aven rekke andre faktorer, og noen forskjellige typer av kausal avhengighet beskrives i artikkelen. Den epidemiologiskeforskningen om andre rusmidlers sammenheng med vold er betydelig mindre omfattende enn den er foralkohol. Det er også åpenbart at andre rusmidler ikke er like sterkt sammenknyttet med vold som alkoholen.Pernanen K. Alcohol, other drugs, and violence in an epidemiological perspective.Nor J Epidemiol ENGLISH SUMMARYThe public health approach to violence has become increasingly accepted during the last couple of decades. Thishas led to more epidemiological research into violence, and a stronger medical interest in the etiology and preventionof violence. However, epidemiological research on the prevalence of violence in different societies is stillmainly criminological in nature, being based on information about violence that has come to the attention of thepolice or processed in the courts. The study of the relationship between alcohol use and violent behaviour is alsopredominantly based on police and court materials, although an increasing number of emergency room andhospitalization studies have examined the role of alcohol in injuries caused by violence.There are two basic methodological approaches in the study of the relationship between alcohol use andviolence. The alcohol-involvement studies estimate the extent to which drinking by the offender or the victim waspresent in episodes of violence. Time trend studies and so-called natural experiments measure how rates of violentcrime covary with levels of alcohol consumption in a population. Generally, these studies indicate that alcohol useis a potent factor in determining the prevalence of violent behaviour in a society. However, there is no evidenceshowing that a significant part of alcohol-related violence is directly caused by the presence of alcohol in theorganism. Four types of conditional factors affecting the risk of violent behaviour after drinking are discussed: (1the nature of the alcohol factor, (2 characteristics of the individual drinker, (3 the socio-cultural context in whichdrinking occurs, and (4 situational factors.The epidemiological evidence for a relationship between violence and the use of other drugs is much morescattered. It is complicated by the fact that most drug users use more than one type of drug. When an illegalpsychoactive drug is implicated in violent behaviour, it is often also accompanied by alcohol use. Clinical andexperimental evidence shows that the risk of aggression and physical violence depends, in addition to the type ofdrug, on the amounts used, the method of application, the phase of acute intoxication, and the long-term pattern ofuse. However, the violence associated with the use of illegal drugs is perhaps most closely determined by thecharacteristics of an illegal economy. Rival criminal organizations manufacture, distribute and sell these drugs,and they use violence and threats as a means of regulating this economy. In addition, many drug users resort toviolent crime in an effort to secure the funds needed for their addiction.1996; 6 (1: 29-36.

  8. Structural Analysis of the Louisiade Archipelago, Southeastern Papua New Guinea

    Webb, L. E.; Baldwin, S.; Fitzgerald, P. G.; Castellani, L.; Zirakparvar, N. A.

    2009-12-01

    The Louisiade Archipelago lies on the southern rifted margin of the Woodlark Basin in SE Papua New Guinea. Field work in the Calvados Chain and on Sudest and Rossel Islands was undertaken to investigate possible correlations with high and ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks exposed in the DEntrecasteaux Islands exhumed ahead of the westward-propagating seafloor spreading rift tip. Data from the Louisiade Archipelago are critical for evaluating the transition from subduction to rifting in the region and thus for testing models for the exhumation of high-ultrahigh-pressure rocks in southeastern Papua New Guinea. The Calvados Schist, most commonly represented by fine-grained phyllite recording recrystallization at lower greenschist-facies, is the predominant rock type in the Louisiade Archipelago. Protoliths include siltstone, shale, sandstone, pebbly sandstone, and minor conglomerate. Minor metamorphosed mafic intrusives are also present. Primary bedding is apparent locally and up to three, but more typically two, generations of foliations are discernable. S1 foliations locally correspond to compositional banding and closely parallel S0. S1-S3 foliations principally dip shallowly-moderately to the NE. Regionally, poles to foliation define a girdle about subhorizontally ESE plunging folds. S2 foliations, commonly the dominant fabric, were observed to be axial planar at several localities. Quartz veins are prevalent and locally concordant with S1 foliations and folded during S2 foliation development. S1-S2 foliations are locally cross-cut by quartz veins/tension gashes of which a subset fits with WNW-ESE extension. Both mineral and intersection lineations plunge shallowly ESE, parallel to fold hinges. The initial analysis suggests subsequent foliation development during progressive deformation. Meta-mafic lithologies were observed on Sudest and Rossel Islands. On Rossel Island, serpentinized ultramafic rocks structurally above and in fault contact with the Calvados Schist may constitute a klippe of the Papuan Ultramafic Belt. Low angle faults with both top-to-the-NE and top-to-the-SW kinematic indicators were observed at the base of the ultramafic unit on western Rossel Island, possibly reflecting that the fault was reactivated (e.g., thrust fault reactivated as a normal fault). Gabbro and unmetamorphosed sedimentary rocks intruded by mafic dikes observed on western Rossel Island may also constitute upper plate lithologies. Calcite veins crosscutting mafic and ultramafic lithologies in the upper plate generally fit with NE-SW extension. Preliminary analyses of fault-slip data reveal the presence of a population of faults that crosscut both the ultramafic rocks and Calvados Schist (inferred upper and lower plates). The faults are dominated by NE-striking sinistral faults associated with N-S compression and E-W extension. Fault slip analyses from the low angle normal faults at the base of the ultramafic unit are consistent with subvertical WSW compression and subhorizontal ENE extension. The results of this work will be evaluated in the context of the active tectonic framework and the along-strike record of evolution of the Woodlark Rift.

  9. Innovation in san francisco.

    Travis, J

    1992-08-01

    In San Francisco 2 weeks ago, AAAS and Science sponsored a new meeting, Science Innovation '92. The unusual gathering focused not on research results but on new techniques and instruments, particularly for biomedical science. As seen in the stories below, some of the most eye-catching innovations emerged at the intersection of physics and biology. PMID:17736460

  10. Remembering San Diego

    After 6 years of existence the ITER EDA project in San Diego, USA, was terminated by desition of the US Congress. This article describes how nice it was for everybody as long as it lasted and how sad it is now

  11. CERN celebrates André Martin’s 80th birthday

    2009-01-01

    André Martin, pictured at the ceremony held in honour of his 80th birthday. On 27 August 2009 CERN’s Main Auditorium was the venue for a celebration in honour of André Martin’s 80th birthday. Regarded as one of the most important theoretical physicists of his generation, André Martin is one of CERN’s most distinguished figures. The celebration began with a conference, followed by a concert and a reception. After the conference, André Martin made an emotional speech looking back over his fifty-year career and paying tribute to all those who had made important contributions during his time at CERN. "I was extremely happy, and I am very touched by this marvellous celebration you have organised for me. It was a wonderful idea, and I very much enjoyed the concert of Blandine Eynaud and John Devore. My wife, Schu, and I love the music of Gabriel Fauré", he said at the end. André Martin j...

  12. 78 FR 58878 - Safety Zone; San Diego Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2013-09-25

    ... Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  13. Higher homotopy operations and Andr\\'{e}-Quillen cohomology

    Blanc, David; Turner, James M

    2011-01-01

    There are two main approaches to the problem of realizing a $\\Pi$-algebra (a graded group $\\Lambda$ equipped with an action of the primary homotopy operations) as the homotopy groups of a space $X$. Both involve trying to realize an algebraic free simplicial resolution $G_\\bullet$ of $\\Lambda$ by a simplicial space $W_\\bullet$ and proceed by induction on the simplicial dimension. The first provides a sequence of Andr\\'{e}-Quillen cohomology classes in $H_{AQ}^{n+2}(\\Lambda;\\Omega^{n}\\Lambda)$ for $n \\geq 1$ as obstructions to the existence of successive Postnikov sections for $W_\\bullet$ by work of Dwyer, Kan and Stover. The second gives a sequence of geometrically defined higher homotopy operations as the obstructions by earlier work of Blanc; these were identified with the obstruction theory of Dwyer, Kan and Smith in earlier work of the current authors. There are also (algebraic and geometric) obstructions for distinguishing between different realizations of $\\Lambda$. In this paper we 1) provide an explic...

  14. El humanismo latinoamericanista de Arturo Andrés Roig

    Estela Fernández Nadal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo analiza la obra del filósofo Arturo Andrés Roig, recientemente fallecido, desde la perspectiva del humanismo latinoamericano, corriente de pensamiento crítico de fuerte presencia en América Latina. El núcleo de la propuesta teórica de Roig está dado por la problemática del sujeto o, como él prefería llamarla, de la sujetividad. Luego de proponer una breve periodización de la obra del filósofo, el artículo pasa revista a los aportes de Roig en torno a este tema, en los distintos campos en que incursionó: sus propuestas metodológicas para la lectura de textos latinoamericanos, su concepción de la Historia de las ideas como reconstrucción del itinerario del sujeto americano, el a priori antropológico como herramienta teórica y heurística del filosofar en América Latina y, finalmente, sus desarrollos en el campo de la ética.

  15. Vegetation and Climate history of Franz Jozef Land Archipelago in the Late Holocene according pollen data

    Nosevich, Ekaterina; Anisimov, Michail; Sapelko, Tatyana

    2015-04-01

    The archipelago Franz-Josef Land is situated in the Arctic Ocean (8040' N, 5450'E). It is one of the important areas for arctic research due to organization of Russian Arctic National Park there. Therefore, an interest to the environmental history of this territory grows up and any new data might have a high value. However, geographical remoteness of the archipelago is the reason why there are not much work has been done up to date. .A focus of our researches is vegetation and climate reconstruction during the Late Holocene history according pollen data. In frame of studying of the Franz Josef Land during complex expedition of Russian Arctic National Park on the islands geomorphological and botanical researches was occurred. Nowadays the typical island of archipelago presents the ice cap and glacier-free marine terraces of 35 m high at maximum, where solifluction and permafrost are developed. The archipelago has a maritime Arctic climate. Vegetation of archipelago Franz-Josef Land presents the northern type of Polar Desert. It includes 57 species of vascular plants (Poaceae, Juncaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Brassicaceae, Saxifragaceae etc). We studied the peat core from the southern part of Majbel Island, in the archipelago Franz Josef Land. More than a half of the island is covered by glacier. The core was sampled at the inner margin of ice-free high marine terrace, near the southern slope of bedrock hill. We received preliminary pollen data and radiocarbon data 301080 C14 y.a. at the bottom. The pollen concentration is low, but we manage to make some reconstructions of vegetation and climate. For correct interpretation of our results, we used surface samples from different islands of archipelago (Jackson, Hooker, Greely, Alexsandra land, Yeva-Liv, Appolonov, Georg land, Kane, Bell). Subrecent spectra include species presented in flora of region, but also those which are not founded at this region in this time.

  16. Characterisation of a basin mire in the Azores archipelago

    E. Dias

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The Azores archipelago in the North Atlantic is an extremely important area for biodiversity because it is rich in rare species and habitats, and almost undisturbed. The Lagoa do Madruga is a small basin mire located at 956 m a.s.l. on Santa Bárbara Mountain, Terceira Island. It is an extremely good example of a peatland type that was first discovered in 1998, and has not previously been described in the international literature. This paper provides baseline information on its flora, vegetation communities, structure and hydrology. Thirty-one plant species including eight Sphagnum species and nine endemic vascular plants have been recorded, and four plant communities are distinguished. The maximum peat depth is three metres. The mire receives flowing water from its margins and from a small stream entering at its eastern end, in addition to intercepted precipitation and fog. The accumulated water forms pools and soakways which feed other wetlands downstream. The conservation status of the mire is good, but it is subject to increasing pressure from garbage generated during maintenance operations at a nearby antenna array.

  17. Attenuation Tomography of Sierra Negra Volcano of the Galapagos Archipelago

    Rodd, R.; Lees, J. M.

    2014-12-01

    Following relocation of events with the double-difference location algorithm (HypoDD), we apply tomographic methods to extract 3D attenuation models illuminating the plumbing system of the Sierra Negra Caldera of the Galapagos Archipelago. The dataset consists of 1737 events recorded from July 2009 to June 2011 on the 17-station SIGNET broadband seismic array. We use t* spectral decay methods for both P- and S- phases with the clustered locations to highlight locations where significant variations in Q suggest the presence of magma melt. While the presence of a magma sill, at least 2 km depth, is indicated by InSAR and GPS studies, the delineated magma body has not been explored in detail. The lower bound of the proposed magma accumulation is still under question and thus forms the primary target of this research. Melt replenishment and degassing of the magma sill is believed to cause inflation and/or deflation of the caldera floor. Imaging the extent of the magma sill will provide insight into the feeder system and deformation process of the Sierra Negra caldera. Detailed relocation, Qp and Qs inversion, as well as estimates of the scattering attenuation using coda-normalization technique will be presented. The close relationship between seismic attenuation and the thermal state of the magmatic system suggests we can distinguish melt and/or fluid regions within the Sierra Negra plumbing system.

  18. The coastal fishes and fisheries of the Socotra Archipelago, Yemen.

    Zajonz, Uwe; Lavergne, Edouard; Klaus, Rebecca; Krupp, Friedhelm; Aideed, Moteah Sheikh; Saeed, Fouad Naseeb

    2016-04-30

    The Socotra Archipelago is situated in the Gulf of Aden where tropical and "pseudo-temperate" conditions combine to create a unique marine ecosystem. The diversity, ecology, productivity and fisheries of the coastal fish assemblages are still relatively understudied and no update of the scientific knowledge existed. The islands support unique coastal and coral-associated fish assemblages in spite of the limited biogenic reef frameworks. Fish diversity is the highest among comparable Arabian eco-regions, and fish biomass productivity high too by Indian Ocean standards. The production of the once traditionally-managed small-scale fishery is severely declining and whether it is sustainable nowadays is extremely doubtful. At a time when Yemen is torn apart by a severe political and humanitarian crisis it is timely to review and update the current state of knowledge for scientists and managers, and thereby ease access to existing information, facilitating follow-on studies and evidence-based conservation and fisheries management. PMID:26795842

  19. Promotional archipelagoes of change. Spatial analysis of Dinosauro

    During the last decades, the post industrial Latin American cities have become important economic centers in the world. Their integration into the world economy helped those cities become in the favorite places for the linking functions and activities to the world nets of commerce, productions culture, etc. These urban centers which are expanding gradually into segmented developing areas have caused an apparent space duality between the private and public activities as it can be seen though the differential access to goods and services by the society. At present, there has been an increase in cultural activities which form change promoting archipelagoes subject to several dimensions of analysis. The inequity in the distribution of economic and educational resources causes unequal ways of access to consumption of these areas of cultural production, and of goods and services, what gives place to situations of social exclusion and inclusion. To understand this fact related to money behavior, we have selected an area situated in the northwest of Cordoba capital city, in Argentina, which is a shopping mall called Dinosaurio Group. In this essay we present an exploration into the conflicts caused to the cities through the expansion of the segmented urban centers, promoters of change, and its relationship with the public and private space.

  20. Samhandlinger mellom de yngste barna med cochleaimplantat og andre barn i barnehagen

    Siv Hillesy

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available I artikkelen stilles flgende forskningssprsml: Hvordan deltar sm barn med cochleaimplantat i interaksjoner med andre barn i barnehagen og hvordan skaper cochleaimplantat mulighetsbetingelser for deltakelse? Tre barnehager inngr i studien og barna som medvirker er i alderen 1 - 3 r. Interaksjoner mellom barna er videofilmet og analysert. Barnas interaksjoner ser ut til handle om finne en rytme, i studien identifisert som henholdsvis takt og utakt, som svarer til deltakernes interesser og bruk av medierende redskaper. Et sentralt funn er at barn med cochleaimplantat er aktive deltakere i begge former for interaksjoner p tilsvarende mte som andre barn. Studien dokumenterer hvor sentralt cochleaimplantatet er som vilkr for barnas deltakelse, og hvor srbar deres deltakelse i interaksjoner med andre barn kan bli dersom teknologien ikke fungerer som den skal. Studien viser ogs at kompetansen til de voksne som jobber i barnehagen har stor betydning for barn med cochleaimplantats vilkr for deltakelse.

  1. Kirchner (Klaus) et Hugel (André), Staline parle aux Alsaciens en Russie

    Muller, Claude

    2012-01-01

    Ecrit à deux mains et en deux langues, l’ouvrage commun de l’Allemand Klaus Kirchner et du Français André Hugel est aussi à deux entrées. Dans une première partie, Klaus Kirchner présente des tracts de guerre soviétiques balancés sur le front russe, destinés aux Alsaciens incorporés de force dans l’armée allemande. Si l’essentiel de la documentation provient des recherches de Klaus Kirchner, certains tracts font partie de la collection personnelle d’André Hugel. Dans la seconde partie, André ...

  2. A Expansão Hoteleira em Santo André

    Maria Peixoto Xavier; Luis Paulo Bresciani

    2010-01-01

    Resumo O presente artigo busca identificar os fatores que possibilitaram a expansão hoteleira na região do Grande ABC, e em especial na cidade de Santo André, bem como analisar as articulações entre o poder público e a iniciativa privada que influenciaram na definição dos investimentos realizados por determinadas cadeias hoteleiras. O argumento aponta para a relevância das estratégias adotadas por uma liderança política inovadora na cidade de Santo André, que resultaram na instalação de ...

  3. San Onofre outages minimizing

    The program to minimize San Onofre outges is eleborated. The human factors result in two thirds of the outages. The structure faults yield 49% of the incidents; shortcomings in personnel training - 16%; lack of understanding -19%; man-machine interaction - 8%; others -8%. Measures to minimize the outages include upgrading the most dangerous plants, review of operational instructions, additional training of personnel and consideration of incidents reasons

  4. Subtidal reef fish and macrobenthic community structure at the temperate Juan Fernndez Archipelago, Chile

    Alejandro Prez-Matus

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The Juan Fernndez Archipelago (3337'S, 7851'W, an isolated group of islands 650 km west of continental Chile, has a high degree of endemism in its marine biota. Despite numerous scientific expeditions to these islands that have identified this high endemism, few studies have attempted to identify patterns of community structure in subtidal habitats. Using visual census, we surveyed fish and habitat associations at five sites located at two of the three islands of the archipelago. Given the isolation of the archipelago we asked: What is the composition of the reef fish fauna at these isolated islands? What habitats dominate subtidal environments? What influences the abundances of reef fishes? Our analysis confirms that fish communities at the archipielago are dominated by endemic species. The ichthyofauna is comprised of a mixture of subtropical and temperate taxa, with greater similarity to western than eastern South Pacific fauna. We identified different fish assemblages at wave-exposed and wave-sheltered sites. Brown and red macroalgae were correlated with the abundances of some reef fishes. Four broad trophic categories of reef fishes were present at the archipelago, with invertebrate consumers dominating abundance. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to quantify patterns of community structure in subtidal environments at the Juan Fernndez Archipelago.

  5. A Model for the crust across the San Andres fault system in Mexico-USA border region; Un modelo de la estructura de la corteza para el sistema de fallas de San Andres en la zona fronteriza Mexico- EEUU

    Nunez-Cornu, F. [Centro Universitario de la Costa, Campus Puerto Vallarta y Departamento de Geografia de la Universidad de Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta (Mexico); Montana, C. [DGS University of Texas at el Paso, El Paso TX (United States); Frez, J.; Munguia, L.; Nava, A.; Gonzalez, J.; Mendoza, L.; Aragon, M.; Sanchez-Mora, C.; Morandi, M.; Madrid, J. [Grupo de Perfiles Sismicos del CICESE, Ensenada (Mexico)

    1996-01-01

    We report the recording and interpretation of an unreversed seismic profile between Blythe, Arizona and Ensenada, Baja California, using an explosive source in a drilled hole near Blythe (from project Delta Force). The data consist of digital seismograms from 14 three-component stations in a line between Mexicali and Ensenada (every 10 km) and 15 stations from the Southern California Network. The profile goes through three distinct regions: a) the Chocolate Mountains in Southern California; b) the Salton Trough in both Californias, and c) the Peninsular Ranges in Baja California, and is almost perpendicular to the general trend of the Salton Trough central axis. Vertical component seismograms at distances of 40-260 km are interpreted. The record section shows several secondary phases which are correlated and interpreted in a forward modelling scheme for time arrivals and relative amplitudes. No significant S-wave arrivals are identified. A preliminary interpretation produces a crustal depth of 22 km beneath the Chocolate Mountains and a crustal structure of P-wave velocities comprised by layers of 5.3, 5.5 and 6.2. km/s, with thicknesses of 4, 8 and 10 km, respectively. Results for the crustal structure of the Mexicali-Imperial Valley are consistent with the extensive refraction measurements made in the past; in addition, the presence of an upper mantle intrusion beneath the Valley is well resolved. Data are insufficient for determining crustal thickness in the Peninsular Ranges region. [Espanol] Se presentan los datos y la interpretacion de un perfil sismico de refraccion entre Blythe, Arizona y Ensenada, Baja California. Se utilizo como fuente una explosion subterranea realizada en un pozo cerca de Blythe como parte del proyecto Delta Force. Para obtener los datos se instalaron entre Mexicali y Ensenada 14 estaciones digitales portatiles con sismometros de tres componentes, cada 10 km, esta informacion se complemento con datos de 15 estaciones de la Red del Sur de California. El perfil atraviesa tres distintas regiones: a) Las Montanas Chocolate en el Sur de California; b) La Cuenca Salton en ambas Californias, y c) Las Sierras en Baja California, y es casi perpendicular al eje central de la Cuenca Salton. Se interpretan los sismogramas de la componente vertical para un intervalo de distancias de 40 a 260 km. Los ensamblajes muestran varias fases secundarias que fueron correlacionadas e interpretadas, se modelaron sus tiempos de recorrido y amplitudes relativas por medio de trazado de rayos asintoticos. No se identificaron llegadas claras de ondas S. Nuestra interpretacion preliminar muestra una corteza de 22 km de profundidad bajo las Montanas Chocolate con una estructura de velocidades para onda P definida por tres capas de 5.3, 5.5 y 6.2. km/s, con grosores de 4, 8 y 10 km respectivamente. Los resultados para la estructura de la corteza en el Valle Mexicali-Imperial son consistentes con los amplios estudios previamente realizados en la zona; sin embargo, se detecto la presencia de una intrusion del manto superior bajo el Valle a una profundidad de 17 km y que el Valle Mexicali-Imperial actua como una zona de generacion de ondas multiples de gran amplitud. Los datos son insuficientes para determinar con precision la estructura cortical en la region de las Sierras Peninsulares.

  6. 75 FR 55975 - Safety Zone; San Diego Harbor Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2010-09-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Harbor Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone upon the navigable waters of the San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA, in...

  7. Kjring med mistanke om pvirkning av andre rusmidler enn alkohol

    Asbjrg S. Christophersen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available SAMMENDRAGStatens rettstoksikologiske institutt har i lpet av de siste r registrert en stor kning av prver fra bilfreremistenkt for kjring under pvirkning av andre rusmidler enn alkohol. Antall positive saker kte 42% fra1994 til 1995. De hyppigste pviste stoffer er tetrahydrocannabinol, amfetamin, benzodiazepiner og opiater(morfin/kodein. Bruk av tyngre narkotiske stoffer har blitt mer vanlig i trafikksammenheng og antall positivetilfeller har kt betydelig mer enn totalt antall saker. Fra 1994 til 1995 kte antall positive amfetaminprvermed 75% (fra 533 til 937 og antall positive prver som flge av heroininntak kte med 87% (fra 92 til 172.Bruk av flere stoffer samtidig er vanlig, over 60 % av sakene i 1995 var positive p mer enn ett stoff, alkoholikke medregnet. De fleste tilfeller var representert av menn i alderen 25-32 r (37%. Kvinner var representerti ca. 11% av sakene.Christophersen AS, Skurtveit S, Mrland J.Drivers suspected to drive under the influence of drugs otherthan alcohol.Nor J Epidemiol 1996; 6 (1: 45-48.ENGLISH SUMMARYThe National Institute of Forensic Toxicology has registered a large increase in the number of samples fromdrivers suspected to drive under influence of drugs other than alcohol. The number of drug positive casesincreased 42% from 1994 to 1995. The most frequent drugs detected are tetrahydrocannabinol, amphetamine,benzodiazepines and opiates (morphine/codeine. The frequency of hard narcotic drug use has increased morethan the total number of cases. From 1994 to 1995, the number of amphetamine positive samples increased75% (from 533 to 937 and the number of samples positive due to heroin use (detection of the metabolite 6-monoacetylmorphine in urine increased 87%. Multi-drug use is common and more than one drug wasdetected in more than 60% of the cases from 1995, alcohol not included. Most of the cases were representedby men 25-32 years old (37%. Women were represented in about 11% of the cases.

  8. Barium and Carbon fluxes in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago

    Thomas, H.; Shadwick, E. H.; Woule Ebongue, V.; Lansard, B.; Navez, J.; Gratton, Y.; Prowe, F.; Mucci, A.; Chierici, M.; Fransson, A.; Papakyriakou, T. N.; Sternberg, E.; Miller, L. A.

    2010-12-01

    The seasonal and spatial variability of dissolved Barium (Ba) in the Amundsen Gulf, southeastern Beaufort Sea, was monitored over a full year from September 2007 to September 2008. Barium displays a nutrient-type behavior with the highest concentrations observed at river mouths. The water column maximum is located at the base of the surface layer with lower concentrations above and below. The lowest concentrations are found in water masses of Atlantic origin, and Ba concentrations decrease eastward through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. A three end-member mixing model comprising fresh water from sea-ice melt and rivers, as well as upper halocline water, was used to establish their relative contributions to the surface waters of the Amundsen Gulf. Based on water column and riverine Ba contributions, we assess the Ba depletion by particle sinking and subsequently estimate the carbon export production. In the upper 50 m of the water column of Amundsen Gulf, riverine Ba accounts for up to 15% of the dissolved Ba inventory, whereas up to 20% of the dissolved Ba inventory is depleted by barite (BaSO4) formation and export. Since riverine inputs and Ba export occur concurrently, the seasonal variability of dissolved Ba is moderate. Assuming a fixed organic carbon to barite flux ratio, carbon export out of the surface layer is estimated at 2 mol C m-2 yr-1. Finally, we propose a climatological carbon budget for the Amundsen Gulf based on recent literature data and our findings, the latter bridging the surface and subsurface water carbon cycles. This work is a contribution to the Canadian IPY programs CFL and GEOTRACES, to ArcticNet as well as to the IGBP/IHDP core project LOICZ.

  9. Soils of the Galindez Island, Argentine archipelago, Western Antarctica

    Abakumov, Evgeny; Parnikoza, Ivan

    2015-04-01

    Antarctic Peninsula is a part of Antarctica which is characterized by increased soil diversity, caused by specific of parent materials and diversity of non-vascular and vascular plants. Soils of Galindez Island have been investigated during the 18-th Ukranian Antarctic Expedition 2013/14. This Island situated in Argentine archipelago (coastal part of Antarctic Peninsula). Soils of Galindez Island presented by following types: Leptosols, Lithosols, Histic Lithosols and Leptosols and some Gleyic soils, located in lowlands and coastal parts. An average solum profile thickness is 3-19 cm which result from the small depth of debris's, underplayed by massive crystallic rocks. The permafrost layer is located within the massive rock, but not in coarse friable parent material. The soils with bird influence are widely spread both in coastal and central part of Island. In the coastal parts we can find typical Ornithosols in the penguin rockeries areas. The main aim of our investigation was characterization of soils formed under vegetation, exactly under Deschampsia antarctica Desv. localities. Argentine Islands is the central part of D. antarctica spreading area in region of Antarctic peninsula. Probably, these islands colonized by hairgrass mainly due to ornitogenic activity. So, coastal population appearance related with Larus dominicanus nest areas and feeding activity. Thus, we found typical post ornithogenic soils here. This kind of soils we also observed in population of hairgrass of Galindez mainland where it was connected with the other Antarctic bird - Catharacta maccormicki activity. Thus, the soil diversity and soil geochemistry of the Galindez Island are closely related to the activity of birds. The spatial pattern of soils, their chemistry and organic matter quality is discussed in relation with distribution of bird nesting and feeding activity.

  10. The island as container: islands, archipelagos and player movement in video games

    Elizabeth Nyman

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The use of islands and archipelagos as settings in video games has proven enduring and popular: these locations are usually shown to be dangerous places where travel can be difficult. The use of island and archipelago settings in this medium developed along with conventions about water in general being an obstacle to traverse, meaning that player characters that experience islands and archipelagoes are forced to discover ways to travel around, over, and away from them. Islands remain popular settings because they work well with players preconceptions about these spaces, with peoples understandings of natural boundaries that make travel difficult, and with game designers intent to control player character movement throughout a world that is necessarily constrained by the reach of technology.

  11. El Virus del Nilo Occidental y las Aves Silvestres de Colombia: experiencia en San Andrés Islas

    Diego Soler-Tovar; Victor Vera

    2006-01-01

    El Virus del Nilo Occidental (VNO) es una zoonosis transmitida por zancudos (Culex spp.), por lo tanto pertenece al grupo de los Arbovirus, se clasifica dentro del género Flavivirus, familia Flaviviridae. El virión es de cadena sencilla, ARN de secuencia positiva de aproximadamente 11 kb (kilobases). Pertenece al serocomplejo de la Encefalitis Japonesa. Debido a la actualidad e importancia del VNO, entre septiembre de 2005 y febrero de 2006, se realizo una investigación entre la Línea de Micr...

  12. An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas

    Robinson, William C.; Trentham, Robert C.; Widner, Kevin; Wienbrandt, Richard

    1999-06-22

    A project to recover economic amounts of oil from a very mature oil field is being conducted by Laguna Petroleum Corporation of Midland, Texas, with partial funding from a U. S. Department of Energy grant to study shallow carbonate rock reservoirs. The objectives of the project are to use modern engineering methods to optimize oil field management and to use geological and geophysical data to recover untapped potential within the petroleum reservoirs. The integration of data and techniques from these disciplines has yielded results greater than those achievable without their cooperation. The cost of successfully accomplishing these goals is to be low enough for even small independent operators to afford. This article is a report describing accomplishments for the fiscal year 1997-1998.

  13. An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas, Class II

    Trentham, Robert C.; Weinbrandt, Richard; Robinson, William C.; Widner, Kevin

    2001-05-03

    The objectives of the project were to: (1) Thoroughly understand the 60-year history of the field. (2) Develop a reservoir description using geology and 3D seismic. (3) Isolate the upper Grayburg in wells producing from multiple intervals to stop cross flow. (4) Re-align and optimize the upper Grayburg waterflood. (5) Determine well condition, identify re-frac candidates, evaluate the effectiveness of well work and obtain bottom hole pressure data for simulation utilizing pressure transient testing field wide. (6) Quantitatively integrate all the data to guide the field operations, including identification of new well locations utilizing reservoir simulation.

  14. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres reservoir, Foster and South Cowden fields, Ector County, Texas, Class II

    Trentham, DGS, Robert C.; Robinson, M.S., William C.; Wider, Kevin; Weinbrandt, Ph.D.,PE, Richard

    2000-04-14

    A project to recover economic amounts of oil from a very mature oil field is being conducted by Laguna Petroleum Corporation of Midland, Texas, with partial funding from a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant to study shallow carbonate rock reservoirs. The objectives of the project are to use modern engineering methods to optimize oil field management and to use geological and geophysical data to recover untapped potential within the petroleum reservoirs. The integration of data and techniques from these disciplines has yielded results greater than those achievable without their cooperation. The cost of successfully accomplishing these goals is to be low enough for even small independent operators to afford. This article is a report describing accomplishments for the fiscal year 1998-1999.

  15. Mangrove forest composition and structure in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama

    Tom McGowan

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Mangrove forest is an important ecosystem that provides many services, but in Panama, as in other countries, they are under threat due to a variety of human activities. Nowadays, large areas of mangroves continue to be lost without been described and lack of management strategies. This study focused on the mangrove structure in the two largest islands, Isla del Rey and Isla San Jose, of Las Perlas Archipelago (LPA, Pacific Panama. Assessment of Landsat satellite imagery revealed loss of mangroves in the LPA of 965ha in the period 1974-1986, and 248ha in the period 1986-2000. The majority of the loss (>77% from the two study islands was due to timber extraction and agricultural development. In May 2006, permanent plots following the CARICOMP protocol were established at two sites on Isla del Rey (R1 and R2 and one site on Isla San Jose (SJ where standardized metrics such as species, height and diameter at breast height of adult trees and seedlings were recorded. Forest structure differed at the three sites, although R1 and R2 were most similar. At R1, Laguncularia racemosa was the important species and R2 was dominated by Pelliciera rhizophorae. Examination of the forest structure and classified imagery indicated that these sites are spatially dynamic and appear to be rejuvenating. The forest structure would indicate that the sites have been growth-limited previously by human activities and possibly by other factors. SJ was dominated by Rhizophora mangle and appears to have a mature forest with large adult trees and few seedlings. It does not appear to have shown the same extent of spatial regrowth as the other two sites between 1986 and 2000 and is relatively static. The establishment of permanent plots and monitoring will be useful as part of the management plan, as the LPA shows a variety of mangrove structures and could be subject to further coastal development. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (3: 857-869. Epub 2010 September 01.Los bosques de manglar son ecosistemas importantes que proveen muchos servicios, pero éstos están bajo la amenaza de una variedad de actividades humanas y grandes áreas de manglar continúan perdiéndose en Panamá. Este estudio está enfocado en la estructura de manglar de las dos islas más grandes del Archipiélago de Las Perlas en el Pacifico Panameño (LPA, la Isla del Rey y la Isla San José. La evaluación de las imágenes del satélite Landsat revela la pérdida de manglares en LPA de 965ha en el periodo entre 1974-1986, y de 286ha en el periodo 1986-2000. La mayor parte de la pérdida (>77% en las dos islas estudiadas fue debida a la extracción de madera y al desarrollo agrícola. En mayo de 2006, se establecieron parcelas permanentes siguiendo el protocolo de CARICOMP en dos sitios en la isla del Rey (R1 y R2 y un sitio en la Isla San José (SJ donde especies, altura y diámetro a la altura de la copa de árboles adultos y jóvenes fueron registradas. La estructura del bosque difirió en los tres sitios, sin embargo R1 y R2 fueron los más similares. En R1, Laguncularia racemosa fue la especie más dominante y Pelliceria rhizophora en R2. El análisis de la estructura del bosque y de imágenes clasificadas indicó que estos sitios son espacialmente dinámicos y parecen estar regenerándose. La estructura del bosque indica que el crecimiento en los sitios ha estado limitado por las actividades humanas y posiblemente por otros factores. SJ fue dominado por Rhizophora mangle y parece tener un bosque maduro con árboles adultos grandes y pocos jóvenes. Éste sitio no parece mostrar la misma extensión de rebrote espacial de los otros dos sitios entre 1986-2000 y es relativamente estático. El establecimiento de parcelas permanentes y el monitoreo serán útiles en la implementación del plan de manejo, ya que los manglares del LPA tienen una variedad estructural y podrían estar sujetos a un mayor desarrollo costero.

  16. Fishery of the Green Jack Caranx caballus (Osteichytes: Carangidae) in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama

    James M Mair; Roberto Cipriani; Guzman, Hector M; David Usan

    2012-01-01

    Green Jacks, Caranx caballus, are distributed along the Eastern Pacific coast. In Panama, C. caballus was heavily fished around Las Perlas Archipelago to sustain local markets until 2007, when the archipelago was declared a marine protected area. This first study in Panama, analyzed a sample of 4 990 individuals from Las Perlas, obtained monthly from June 2005 to June 2006, from landings at the central fish market. Average total length was 36.1±6.4cm and optimum length 38.9cm. Approximately 6...

  17. Ecological Evaluation of Cres – Lošinj Archipelago for the Purpose of Tourism

    Iva Saganić; Srećko Favro

    2008-01-01

    The topic of this paper is ecological evaluation of the Cres-Lošinj archipelago and the way it could be used for tourism purposes. Rapid growth of population and increasing human economic activity influence the quality of the environment. That is why the concept of sustainable development has been made, as well as new kind of tourism - eco-tourism or sustainable tourism. Today there is a small number of regions with preserved nature. The Cres-Lošinj archipelago is one of them. There is a larg...

  18. Hotell 'Bernhard' Otepl. Otep aedlinn, Kolga tee 22a / Andres Lunge

    Lunge, Andres

    1998-01-01

    Otep aedlinnas asuva U. Tiirmaa poolt kuuekmnendatel projekteeritud Tartu Katseremonditehase puhkebaasi rekonstrueerimine. Kavandati uus peasisseps, tiendav tubadekorrus, restoran, vastuvtufuajee jm. ning juurdeehitusena osaliselt maaalune lisakorpus konverentsisaali jm. ruumidega. Tellija: AS Regel. Projekteerija: Tareke Projekt O. Arhitekt Andres Lunge. Sisekujundaja Taisi Kadarik. Ehitus: AS Regel, 1996-1998. Projekt 1995, 1998, valmis 1998

  19. [Rets. rmt. : Glucksmann, Andre. Ouest contre Ouest. Pariis, 2003] / Malle Talvet

    Talvet, Malle

    2004-01-01

    Prantsuse filosoofi Andre Glucksmanni raamat "Ouest contre Ouest" ehk "Lääs Lääne vastu" käsitleb rahvusvahelisi sündmusi 2002/2003, eelkõige Iraaki, terrorismi, Ameerika Ühendriike ja Prantsusmaad

  20. Baltoscandal on lõppenud, uued mõtted on saadud / Andres Keil

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti teater oli Baltoscandalil koondatud olematu teatri mõiste alla. Andres Noormetsa "Reunioon", Mart Kangro ja Ansambel U "Mäng", Marco Laimre "Vangistus", Asko Künnapi "Säälpool jõge", Anders Härmi "Cooking and Shitting", Sven Kuntu "Miks Eesti mehed ei tantsi?", Linnar Priimäe "Inimese lõhn"

  1. Pühajärve veekeskus = Pühajärve Spa / Andres Alver

    Alver, Andres, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Projekteerija: Alver Trummal Arhitektid. Autorid Andres Alver, Indrek Rünkla, Ulla Mets, Tarmo Laht, sisekujundaja Helle Neemre, konstruktor Väino Taidur. Projekt 2002, valmis 2003. I ja II korruse plaan, lõige, 2 välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  2. Andres Herkel : Venemaa esindaja ENPA presidendiks ei sobi / Haldi Ellam, Ravil Khair Al-Din

    Ellam, Haldi

    2007-01-01

    Vene ajalehe Kommersant väitel on Eesti parlamendi süüdistused ENPA presidendi Rene van der Lindeni vastu seotud Mihhail Margelovi võimaliku valimisega uueks presidendiks. Kristiina Ojuland ja Andres Herkel lükkavad väite tagasi

  3. "Riigikogu hoone 90" = "Estonian parliament building 90" / Janno Roos, Andres Labi

    Roos, Janno, 1976-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta näituse kujunduse preemia pälvinud näitusest (Lossiplats 1A). Kujunduse autorid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi (Ruumilabor). Kuraator Mait Väljas. Graafiline disain: Identity. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Mari Kurismaa ning arhitektuuriajaloolase Leele Välja arvamused

  4. SUTD-i koorik = SUTD Gridshell / Andres Sevtšuk, Raul Kalvo

    Sevtšuk, Andres, 1981-

    2013-01-01

    Singapuri Tehnoloogia ja Disaini Ülikooli (SUTD) raamatukogu paviljon. Eskiis valmis esimese aasta üliõpilastele korraldatud töötoas. Algse ideega töötas edasi City Form Lab (arhitektid Andres Sevtšuk, Raul Kalvo). Paviljon pandi kokku ligi saja üliõpilase osalusel. Valmis: mai 2013

  5. Teised meist : Moskvalased Andres Söödi loomingust : filmiõhtu stenogrammist

    1985-01-01

    Andrei Plahhov, Sergei Starodubtsev, Maia Merkel, Larissa Fissunova, Lev Rošal, Sergei Muratov ja Etel Otševerova Andres Söödi dokumentaalfilmidest "Dirigendid" ("Tallinnfilm", 1975), "Jaanipäev" ("Tallinnfilm", 1978), "Reporter" ("Tallinnfilm", 1981), "Mälu" ("Tallinnfilm", 1984)

  6. 1 küsimus / Andres Jalak, Helle Mäeltsemees, Reet Roos

    Jalak, Andres, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Riigikogu Res Publica fraktsiooni aseesimees Andres Jalak vastab küsimusele, miks ta on Järvamaa kohalikus ajalehes esinenud sel aastal vaid ühe korra ning Res Publica Väärikate Kogu esimees Helle Mäeltsemees ja Naiskogu esinaine Reet Roos vastavad küsimusele, kuidas nende juhitavad kogud valmistuvad valimisteks ja mis sihte nad seavad

  7. Tõnu Anton kahtlustab linnaisasid omakasu jahtimises / Tõnu Anton, Andres Kõiv, Ando Hagel ; interv. Ulis Guth

    Anton, Tõnu, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Võru linnavolikogu opositsiooni kuuluv keskerakondlane Tõnu Anton kritiseerib sotsiaalabitalituse ruumide remondirahade kasutamist ja kahtlustab linnavalitsust riigihangete käigus raha kõrvaldamises. Linnapea Ando Hagel ja abilinnapea Andres Kõiv lükkavad süüdistused tagasi

  8. Eestlased nõutavad kildu Hiina majandusbuumist / Sirje Rank, Andres Kärssin

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 30. juuni lk. 5. Eesti ettevõtted on huvitatud kaubavahetusest Hiinaga. Diagramm. Vt. samas: Andres Kärssin. Eesti suuremad rõivatootjad valmistavad kolmandiku toodetest Hiinas ; Sirje Rank. Hiina turg on segu võimalustest ja riskidest

  9. San Francisco Gangs

    Lopez Raygoza, Octavio

    2012-01-01

    San Francisco’s Mission District is a place where urban violence goes along with cupcake stores and high-end restaurants. The Mission District consists of a new wave of businesses and culture, and a large Hispanic community that is threatened by gentrification.  A few Hispanic youth view gang life as a romantic idea to escape from a reality of poverty and what they perceived as disrespect. The current wave of violence is nothing new. The neighborhood has seen Norteños and Sureños rag...

  10. Taboo Icons: The Bodily Photography of Andres Serrano

    Tyler Shine

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available   Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:Verdana;} Andres Serrano’s photography is often dismissed as being shocking for the sake of being shocking. His infamous photograph Piss Christ (1987 is the oft-cited example at the center of the National Endowment for the Arts controversies during the Culture Wars of the 1980s and 1990s. I return to Piss Christ as a way to expand the interpretative scope of Serrano’s early photographs, which I call “taboo icons” because of their ambiguity and ability to crisscross symbolic boundaries in the unstable space between sacred and profane, thus making his images both powerful and potentially dangerous. Building upon previous scholarship that draws connections between modern and early modern aesthetic practices, I look to the material practices of Christianity in medieval Europe characterized by a sophisticated visual culture that mixed both the physical and the spiritual. The intensifying rejection and reverence of matter resulted in divergent responses, yet the contradictory nature of matter remained central to the ideological beliefs of Christianity where the doctrines of Creation, Incarnation, and Resurrection are at its core. Serrano’s visceral photographs are emphatically material and can productively be read vis-à-vis medieval visual culture. In doing so, this reading changes the narrow perception of Serrano’s early photographs and provides an alternative understanding of his artistic project that reinserts religion into contemporary American art discourse.

  11. Littoral Decapods of Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Archipelago, Mexico

    Silvia Mille-Pagaza

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Decapod community inhabiting the rocky littoral of eight bays from Socorro island, Revillagigedo Archipelago, was studied during March 1992. Samples were collected from one-square meter plots placed following transects drawn perpendicularly to the shoreline along the intertidal zone. Species richness and abundance were determined in each bay, as well as the similarity between bays using Morisita’s index. Organisms collected belong to six families, 20 genera and 26 species of the Brachyura and Anomura infraorders. Xanthidae was the family with the highest number of species, and the highest species richness was recorded at the V. Lozano bay. Pachygrapsus transversus, Xanthodius cooksoni and Calcinus explorator were the most abundant species in nearly all localities. Dendrogram obtained define two groups of bays at a similarity level above 0.67, given the similarity in the crab’s species richness and their abundance between bays in the island.Se estudió la comunidad de cangrejos del litoral rocoso de ocho bahías de la Isla Socorro, Archipiélago Revillagigedo en marzo de 1992. Las muestras fueron colectadas en cuadrantes de un m² a lo largo de transectos perpendiculares a la costa en la zona intermareal. Se determinó la riqueza específica, la abundancia por especie para cada bahía, así como la similitud entre bahías mediante el índice de Morisita. Los organismos colectados pertenecen a seis familias, 20 géneros y 26 especies de los infraordenes Brachyura y Anomura. La familia con el mayor número de especies fue Xanthidae y la mayor riqueza específica se registró en la bahía V. Lozano. Pachygrapsus transversus, Xanthodius cooksoni y Calcinus explorator fueron las más abundantes en casi todas las localidades. En el dendrograma se definen dos agrupaciones con nivel de similitud superior a 0.67, dada la semejanza en la riqueza específica de cangrejos y las abundancias entre las bahías.

  12. Tsunami hazard assessment for the Azores archipelago: a historical review

    Cabral, Nuno; Ferreira, Teresa; Queiroz, Maria Gabriela

    2010-05-01

    The Azores islands due to its complex geographical and geodynamic setting are exposed to tsunamigenic events associated to different triggering mechanisms, local or distant. Since the settlement of the Azores, in the fifteenth century, there are several documents that relate coastal areas flooding episodes with unusually high waves which caused death and destruction. This work had as main objective the characterization of the different events that can be associated with tsunamigenic phenomena, registered in the archipelago. With this aim, it was collected diverse documentation like chronics, manuscripts, newspaper articles and magazines, scientific publications, and international databases available online. From all the studied tsunami events it was identified the occurrence of some teletsunamis, among which the most relevant was triggered by the 1st November 1755 Lisbon earthquake, with an epicenter SW of Portugal, which killed 6 people in Terceira island. It is also noted the teletsunami generated by the 1761 earthquake, located in the same region as the latest, and the one generated in 1929 by an earthquake-triggered submarine landslide in the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. From the local events, originated in the Azores, the most significant were the tsunamis triggered by 1757 and 1980 earthquakes, both associated with the Terceira Rift dynamics. In the first case the waves may also be due to earthquake-triggered. With respect to tsunamis triggered by sea cliffs landslides it is important to mention the 1847 Quebrada Nova and the 1980 Rocha Alta events, both located in the Flores Island. The 1847 event is the deadliest tsunami recorded in Azores since 10 people died in Flores and Corvo islands in result of the propagated wave. The developed studies improve knowledge of the tsunami sources that affected the Azores during its history, also revealing the importance of awareness about this natural phenomenon. The obtained results showed that the tsunami hazard in the Azores is mostly driven from the events triggered by distant earthquakes and local earthquakes and landslides. In this context, were identified 12 tsunami events. In another context, it were identified 6 events associated with coastal areas flooding due to floods and/or extreme weather phenomena, hypothetically identified as meteotsunamis. It should be stressed that, despite the differences associated with their triggering mechanisms, both the tsunamis generated by geological factors and those related to atmospheric phenomena may have similar impact. Although the absence of reports identifying tsunamis associated with volcanic activity, the eruptive history of the Azores active volcanoes shows high magnitude eruptions with considerable tsunamigenic potential.

  13. San Diego's Capital Planning Process

    Lytton, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This article describes San Diego's capital planning process. As part of its capital planning process, the San Diego Unified School District has developed a systematic analysis of functional quality at each of its school sites. The advantage of this approach is that it seeks to develop and apply quantifiable metrics and standards for the more

  14. Los Angeles og San Francisco

    Ørstrup, Finn Rude

    1998-01-01

    Kompendium udarbejdet til en studierejse til Los Angeles og San Francisco april-maj 1998 Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole, Institut 3H......Kompendium udarbejdet til en studierejse til Los Angeles og San Francisco april-maj 1998 Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole, Institut 3H...

  15. SAN DIEGO ZOO EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM.

    San Diego County Dept. of Education, CA.

    A BROCHURE GEARED TO HELP TEACHERS AND STUDENTS IN THE SAN DIEGO AREA TAKE FULL ADVANTAGE OF THE EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES OF THE SAN DIEGO ZOO IS PRESENTED. THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF THE ZOO EMPLOYS TWO FULL-TIME TEACHERS AND A DRIVER-GUIDE. THE PROGRAM OFFERED IS BRIEFLY DESCRIBED--(1) IN "PRESCHOOL AND FIRST GRADE," INTRODUCTIONS ARE MADE TO…

  16. Patch-Based Generative Shape Model and MDL Model Selection for Statistical Analysis of Archipelagos

    Ganz, Melanie; Nielsen, Mads; Brandt, Sami

    2010-01-01

    We propose a statistical generative shape model for archipelago-like structures. These kind of structures occur, for instance, in medical images, where our intention is to model the appearance and shapes of calcifications in x-ray radio graphs. The generative model is constructed by (1) learning ...

  17. Plant speciation in continental island floras as exemplified by Nigella in the Aegean Archipelago

    Comes, Hans Peter; Tribsch, Andreas; Bittkau, Christiane

    2008-01-01

    Continental shelf island systems, created by rising sea levels, provide a premier setting for studying the effects of geographical isolation on non-adaptive radiation and allopatric speciation brought about by genetic drift. The Aegean Archipelago forms a highly fragmented complex of mostly continental shelf islands that have become disconnected from each other and the mainland in relatively recent geological times (ca

  18. Megachile timberlakei Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae): Yet another adventive bee species to the Galapagos Archipelago

    The Galapagos Archipelago has been thought to be extremely depauperate in bees, with only one species known, Xylocopa darwini. Recently a second species, Anthidium vigintiduopunctatum, was detected. Here we document a third species, Megachile timberlakei. We provide floral records as well as a dia...

  19. New species of Xestoleberididae (Crustacea, Ostracoda from Archipelago of So Pedro and So Paulo, Equatorial Atlantic

    Nathlia C. da Luz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of Xestoleberididae: Xestoleberis brasilinsularis sp. nov. and Xestoleberis machadoae sp. nov., both endemic to Archipelago of So Pedro and So Paulo, are described. The record of these shallow marine waters species from Brazilian oceanic islands represents an important contribution to the knowledge of the evolutionary history the species inhabit areas.

  20. Number of endemic and native plant species in the Galapagos Archipelago in relation to geographical parameters

    Willerslev, Eske; Hansen, Anders J.; Nielsen, Kirstine Klitgaard; Adsersen, Henning

    2002-01-01

    By simple and multiple regression analyses we investigate updated species numbers of endemic and native vascular plants and seed plants in the Galapagos Archipelago in relation to geographical parameters. We find that the best models to describe species numbers are regression models with log...

  1. Anthidium vigintiduopunctatum Friese (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae): The elusive "dwarf bee" of the Galapagos Archipelago

    The endemic large carpenter bee, Xylocopa darwini Cockerell, was the only known bee pollinator to the Galapagos Archipelago but as early as 1964 locals also spoke of the "dwarf bee of Floreana". We report the presence of the wool carder bee, Anthidium vigintiduopunctatum Friese, on the island of Fl...

  2. Dispersion of radionuclides potentially released from the Atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa to neighboring archipelagos

    This paper presents a compartmental model developed to simulate dispersion of radionuclides released to the ocean from the atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa on a scale of 3000 x 1700 km (150 deg. to 300 deg. S latitude, 130 deg. to 160 deg. W longitude), including the Tuamotu, Cook, Society, Gambier and Austral archipelagos

  3. Pahede koht on ajaloo prügikastis! Kas ikka on? / Andres Maimik, Maris Jesse ; intervjueerinud Sigrid Kõiv

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Proua Evelin Ilves tegi ettepaneku, et arstid võiksid inimesi innustada isikliku eeskujuga ja viia ennast tervislikku vormi. Filmimees Andres Maimik ja terviseedendaja Maris Jesse arutavad, kas on võimalik pahelisi eluviise välja juurida

  4. Esimene Eesti maja Hiinas = The first Estonian house in China / Andres Pime, Lauri Vaimel ; interv. Triin Ojari

    Pime, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Vestlus Pekingi Eesti saatkonna arhitektuurikonkursi vidut autoritega. Tulemused: I preemia - Andres Pime, Lauri Vaimel, II - Erik Nobel, Christian Jensen, Kristen Herup Sovang, Soren Andersson, Pille Kivihall, Dan Ljungar, Hans Willadsen (Taani), III - Kalle Vellevoog, Velle Kadalipp, Tiiu Truus, Martin Prommik

  5. Kas toiduainete hind on iglane? Ei, isegi odav! / Andres Sooniste, Juhan Srgava, Kristjan Kongo, Kati Kusmin ; intervjueerinud Sulev Oll

    2010-01-01

    Vestlusringis toiduainete hindade le arutamas on Tarbijakaitse ameti peadirektor Andres Sooniste, Pllumeeste Keskliidu president Juhan Srgava, Fazer Eesti ASi juhatuse esimees Kristjan Kongo ja ETK juhatuse esimees Kati Kusmin

  6. 78 FR 34895 - Safety Zone; San Francisco Independence Day Fireworks Display, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA

    2013-06-11

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; San Francisco Independence Day Fireworks Display, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the safety zones for the San Francisco Independence Day...

  7. Montage, Militancy, Metaphysics: Chris Marker and André Bazin

    Sarah Cooper

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Abstract (E: This article focuses on the relationship between the work of André Bazin and Chris Marker from the late 1940s through to the late 1950s and beyond. The division between Bazin's ŘRight Bankř affiliation with Les Cahiers du Cinéma on the one hand, and Markerřs ŘLeft Bankř allegiances on the other, is called into question here as my argument seeks to muddy the waters of their conventional ideological separation across the river Seine. Working alliteratively through Markerřs well-known talent for deft montage along with his militancy, I consider Bazinřs praise for Markerřs editing technique Ŕ in spite of famously expressing a preference elsewhere for the long take, and deep focus cinematography Ŕ and I address their political differences and convergences. Yet I also explore the rather more unexpected question of metaphysics in order to further emphasize a closer relationship between these two figures. I chart the emergence of an enduring spiritual bond between critic and filmmaker that surfaces first in Markerřs writings for the left-wing Catholic journal L’Esprit, but that continues beyond Bazinřs death, in Markerřs two films made on the crest of the French New Wave: Le Joli Mai and La Jetée.

    Abstract (F:

     

    Cet article traite du lien entre les oeuvres d'André Bazin et de Chris Marker à partir de la fin des années 1940 jusqu'à la fin des années 1950 et au-delà. La distinction entre l'affiliation « rive droite » de Bazin avec Les Cahiers du cinéma d'une part, et, d'autre part, l'affiliation « rive gauche » de Marker est remise en question ici, dans la mesure où mon argumentaire cherche à brouiller les pistes de leur séparation idéologique conventionnelle. Avec un clin d'oeil allitératif, creusant le talent bien connu de Marker pour un montage subtil ainsi que son militantisme, j'examine l'éloge de Bazin pour la technique de découpage de Marker Ŕ et ce, malgré sa préférence célèbre pour le plan séquence et le champ en profondeur Ŕ et j'aborde aussi leurs différences et ressemblances politiques. Enfin, je considère la question plus surprenante de la métaphysique, portant sur l'oeuvre de Marker, et non celui de Bazin : un lien durable apparaît entre le critique et le cinéaste dans les écrits de Marker publiés dans la revue catholique de gauche L'Esprit, dont la ligne se prolongea au-delà de la mort de Bazin dans deux films que Marker réalisa au plus haut de la nouvelle vague : Le Joli Mai et La Jetée.

  8. 76 FR 55796 - Safety Zone; TriRock Triathlon, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2011-09-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; TriRock Triathlon, San Diego Bay, San Diego... safety zone upon the specified navigable waters of the San Diego Bay, San Diego, California, in support of a bay swim in San Diego Harbor. This safety zone is necessary to provide for the safety of...

  9. 75 FR 38412 - Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA

    2010-07-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA... zone on the ] navigable waters of San Diego Bay in support of the San Diego POPS Fireworks. This safety.... Coast Guard Sector San Diego, CA; telephone 619-278- 7262, e-mail Shane.E.Jackson@uscg.mil . If you...

  10. 75 FR 77756 - Safety Zone; San Diego Parade of Lights Fireworks, San Diego, CA

    2010-12-14

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Parade of Lights Fireworks, San... establishing a safety zone upon the navigable water of the San Diego Bay in San Diego, CA in support of the two San Diego Parade of Lights Fireworks Displays on December 12 and December 19, 2010. This safety...

  11. 33 CFR 165.754 - Safety Zone: San Juan Harbor, San Juan, PR.

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety Zone: San Juan Harbor, San... Zone: San Juan Harbor, San Juan, PR. (a) Regulated area. A moving safety zone is established in the following area: (1) The waters around Liquefied Petroleum Gas ships entering San Juan Harbor in an area...

  12. Europan 7 Eestis : Lasnamäe. Pärnu / Tiit Trummal, Andres Kurg

    Trummal, Tiit, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Võistluse "Äärelinna võimalus, linnalik intensiivsus ja elamise mitmekesisus" Eesti-Rootsi ühisžüriis Eestist Urmas Muru, Tiit Trummal, Andres Kurg. Tallinna Lasnamäe (14 tööd) ja Pärnu (47 tööd) võistlusalast, võitnud tööde arhitektide loetelu ja võitnud töödest. Lasnamäe: I preemia - autor hispaanlane Andres Fernandes Atela, kaasautorid prantslased Mathieu Andrieu ja Iman Morshedi. Pärnu: I preemia - autorid rumeenlane Oana-Maria Bogdan, ameeriklane Susan Kelly Shannon, argentiinlane Laura Vescina, hispaanlased Juny Llach ja Parra Colacios

  13. Lean versus Quick Response Manufacturing og andre koncepter - er Lean den eneste ene?

    Michelsen, Aage U

    2005-01-01

    principper fra andre koncepter? Artiklen er opdelt i fire hovedafsnit. I første afsnit skitseres baggrunden for Lean. I andet afsnit skitseres kort indholdet i Lean. I tredje afsnit skitseres tankegangen bag Quick Response Manufacturing - et begreb, der har mange ligheder med Lean, men som har fokus på......Begrebet Lean har gennem de senere år vundet en enorm udbredelse. Antallet af publikationer om Lean har været eksplosivt stigende, og mange virksomheder har gennemført eller gennemfører Lean-projekter. Er Lean et nyt koncept? Er Lean den eneste løsning? Kan Lean kombineres med tankegange og...... løsning af en anden produktionsopgave. I fjerde afsnit skitseres kort relationerne mellem Lean og to andre begreber, Six Sigma og TPM, der begge har samme mål som Lean, men forskellige udgangspunkter og forskellige indfaldsvinkler....

  14. 1906 San Francisco, USA Images

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was the largest event (magnitude 8.3) to occur in the conterminous United States in the 20th Century. Recent estimates indicate...

  15. Riparian Habitat - San Joaquin River

    California Department of Resources — The immediate focus of this study is to identify, describe and map the extent and diversity of riparian habitats found along the main stem of the San Joaquin River,...

  16. San Francisco Flood Health Vulnerability

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The San Francisco Department of Public Health Flood Health Vulnerability Index is a composite index that measures the spatial distribution and relative...

  17. CRED SVP Drifting Buoy Argos_ID 52299 Data, Arakane in the Marianas Archipelago, 200509-200607 (NODC Accession 0067473)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — CRED SVP drifter Argos_ID 52299 was deployed in the region of the Marianas Archipelago to assess ocean currents and sea surface temperature. drifter data files...

  18. CRED SVP Drifting Buoy Argos_ID 29099 Data, Rota in the Marianas Archipelago, 200309-200402 (NODC Accession 0067473)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — CRED SVP drifter Argos_ID 29099 was deployed in the region of Marianas Archipelago to assess ocean currents and sea surface temperature. SVP drifter data files...

  19. Séminaire de probabilités XXXIX in memoriam Paul-André Meyer

    Yor, Marc

    2006-01-01

    The 39th volume of Séminaire de Probabilités is a tribute to the memory of Paul André Meyer. His life and achievements are recalled; homages are rendered by his friends and colleagues. This volume also contains mathematical contributions to classical and quantum stochastic calculus, the theory of processes, martingales and their applications to mathematical finance, Brownian motion. They provide an overview on the current trends of stochastic calculus.

  20. Surface water quality estimation using remote sensing in the Gulf of Finland and the Finnish Archipelago Sea

    Zhang, Yuanzhi

    2005-01-01

    This thesis deals with surface water quality estimation using remote sensing in the Gulf of Finland and the Archipelago Sea. Satellite remote sensing of water and empirical algorithms for surface water quality variables in coastal waters in the Gulf of Finland and the Archipelago Sea are explained and results from the studies in the area are presented. Concurrent in situ surface water measurements, AISA data, Landsat TM data, ERS-2 SAR data, AVHRR and MODIS data were obtained for selected...

  1. A comparison of asphaltene model compounds and asphaltenes. The island vs. archipelago models

    Borton, David J.; Pinkston, David S.; Kenttamaa, Hilkka [Purdue University (United States)], email: dborton@purdue.edu; Gray, Murray; Tan, Xiaoli [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta (Canada); Azyat, Khalid; Tykwinski, Rik [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    As heavier crude oil reserves with higher asphaltene content are being more and more exploited, better understanding of asphaltenes becomes a necessity. Two models are proposed for the structure of asphaltenes, a topic of intense debate. The island model presents a large aromatic core with alkyl chains branching out. The archipelago model features multiple aromatic cores that are linked by alkyl chains, with possible alkyl chains branching out also. Several model compounds of the two structural models were studied using a variety of mass spectrometry (MS) methods: laser-induced acoustic desorption combined with electron ionization (LIAD/EI) MS, electrospray ionization (ESI) MS, and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) MS. The observed fragmentation pathways were then compared to those of asphaltenes. Ions from island vs. archipelago model compounds showed distinct fragmentation characteristics, which will help in elucidating the complex molecular structure of asphaltenes.

  2. A Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Archipelago Berth Allocation Problem

    Jianliang Peng

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available According to the special circumstances of the archipelago berth allocation, this paper proposes a model of Archipelago Berth Allocation Problem(ABAP, which considers numerous constraints such as the adaptability of berths, the depth of channels and the characteristics of ships. The objective of the problem is to minimize the sum of the handling time, waiting time and the sailing time in the port area of every ship. We introduce a formulation for solving this problem. Next, we present a Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (DPSO to find an approximate solution for the problem. Some reasonable parameters of DPSO are determined through several tests. Finally, we set the Zhoushan Islands, China as an example. Computational experiments show that the algorithm is effective, and has achieved great results in terms of stability, convergence and running time. 

  3. GUÍA DE BUCEO ECOLÓGICO DE SAN ANDRÉS ISLA COLOMBIA

    MÁRQUEZ GERMÁN

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available El buceo, tanto a pulmón como con tanques, constituye una actividad que, debidamente practicada, puede aportar al desarrollo sostenible y a la conservación de áreas marinas y en especial de arrecifes de coral, como los del Archipiélago de San Andrés y Providencia. En la medida en que implica la observación de los ecosistemas de arrecife y sus organismos, es una forma de valoración y uso sostenible de la biodiversidad, con la particularidad de que no implica su extracción, pues un mismo arrecife y sus peces, esponjas y otros organismos pueden ser observados por numerosos buzos, una y otra vez. Por otra parte, es una actividad que puede generar significativos ingresos para las regiones que tienen atractivos naturales y para sus pobladores. La GUÍA DE BUCEO ECOLÓGICO DE SAN ANDRÉS ISLA se orienta a promover el buceo como una forma de elevar la calidad y los ingresos generados por el turismo en el Archipiélago y a incrementar la conciencia sobre la necesidad de proteger los arrecifes. Presenta información básica sobre las islas, el turismo en las mismas y sus principales sitios de buceo, profusamente ilustradas con hermosas fotografías que demuestran el indudable potencial de nuestro Archipiélago para el buceo.

  4. Characterization of the grafting copolymer EPDM-SAN; Caracterizacao do copolimero de enxertia EPDM-SAN

    Turchette, Renato; Felisberti, Maria Isabel [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica]. E-mail: turchete@iqm.unicamp.br

    2001-07-01

    This work aims the characterization of the grafting copolymer EPDM-SAN. This copolymer presents a fraction of free SAN chains, which was extracted by solubilization in chloroform followed of precipitation of the grafting copolymer EPDM-g-SAN in acetone. The EPDM-SAN and EPDM-g-SAN were characterized by {sup 13}C NMR, DSC, TGA and SEM. EPDM-SAN contain 23 wt% of free SAN and 77 wt% of EPDM-g-SAN. Both materials are heterogeneous and the thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation are independent of the composition. (author)

  5. Progressive migration and anagenesis in Drimys confertifolia of the Juan Fernndez Archipelago, Chile

    Lpez-Seplveda, Patricio; Takayama, Koji; Greimler, Josef; Daniel J Crawford; Peailillo, Patricio; Baeza, Marcelo; Ruiz, Eduardo; Kohl, Gudrun; Tremetsberger, Karin; Gatica, Alejandro; Letelier, Luis; Novoa, Patricio; Novak, Johannes; Stuessy, Tod F

    2014-01-01

    A common mode of speciation in oceanic islands is by anagenesis, wherein an immigrant arrives and through time transforms by mutation, recombination, and drift into a morphologically and genetically distinct species, with the new species accumulating a high level of genetic diversity. We investigate speciation in Drimys confertifolia, endemic to the two major islands of the Juan Fernndez Archipelago, Chile, to determine genetic consequences of anagenesis, to examine relationships among popul...

  6. Morphometric analysis of the black rat, Rattus rattus, from Congreso Island (Chafarinas Archipelago, Spain)

    Ventura Queija, Jacinto; Lpez Fuster, Mara Jos

    2000-01-01

    Black rats, Rattus rattus, from Chafarinas Archipelago constitute one of the westernmost insular populations of the species in the Mediterranean region. To evaluate the influence of insular conditions on body and skull dimensions, the biometric characteristics of a sample from Congreso island were determined and compared with nearby mainland populations (Mlaga -southeastern Iberia- and Morocco). Results show that Congreso specimens are similar in size to Iberian specimens and in skull shape ...

  7. Geographical persistence of surface-layer water properties in the Archipelago Sea, SW Finland

    Tapio Suominen; Harri Tolvanen; Risto Kalliola

    2010-01-01

    The Archipelago Sea in the Northern Baltic Sea has a complex water quality regime. The region consists of islands and underwater thresholds that separate interconnected sub-basins, where the waters from the adjacent sea areas and discharges from the mainland are mixed. Thus, the water properties in the region are exceptionally varying by season and location. We studied the seasonal developments of five surface-layer water variables temperature, salinity, Secchi depth, chlorophyll and acidit...

  8. Insecticide susceptibility of Aedes aegypti populations from Senegal and Cape Verde Archipelago

    Dia Ibrahima; Diagne Cheikh; Ba Yamar; Diallo Diawo; Konate Lassana; Diallo Mawlouth

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Two concomitant dengue 3 (DEN-3) epidemics occurred in Cape Verde Archipelago and Senegal between September and October 2009. Aedes aegypti was identified as the vector of these epidemics as several DEN-3 virus strains were isolated from this species in both countries. The susceptibility to pyrethroids, organochlorine, organophosphates and carbamate was investigated in two field strains of Aedes aegypti from both countries using WHO diagnostic bioassay kits in order to mon...

  9. New distributional data on the Orthoptera (Saltatoria of the northern Dodecanese (Southern Sporadhes Archipelago, Greece

    Papapavlou, K. P.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A catalogue of Orthoptera species collected during 1997 from isolated islets of the northern Dodecanese archipelago, Greece, is presented. Information on related taxonomical aspects and ecological parameters is also given.

    Se presenta un catlogo de especies de Ortpteros recogidos durante 1997 en pequeas islas aisladas del archipilago del norte del Dodecaneso (Espradas del sur, Grecia Tambin se incluye informacin sobre algunos aspectos taxonmicos y ecolgicos de las especies recolectadas.

  10. Structure and Function of Tropical Seagrass Ecosystems in The Spermonde Archipelago

    Asmus, Harald; Blankenhorn, Sven; Polte, Patrick; Schauerte, Peter; Kneer, Dominik; Liu, H.T.; Priosambodo, Dody

    2006-01-01

    Tropical seagrass beds are substantial and integrated parts of coral reef systems and are threatened in the same way. However, they have a unique ecological structure and character and require therefore separate investigations and focus. In the Spermonde archipelago (SW- Sulawesi, Indonesia), seagass beds with different position at the shelf from coast line to shelf edge) were analysed due to habitat structure, vegetation and associated benthic fauna and fishes. Primary pr...

  11. How has time and space affected plant biodiversity in the Hjlm-Ldna archipelago?

    Reimark, Josefin

    2011-01-01

    Traditionally European farmland management has declined during the last century, mainlydue to abandonment or intensification. When traditional management is replaced by newmethods many species are negatively affected and often threatened with extinction. In thisthesis, the Stockholm archipelago is used as a platform to study the effects of land use changeover time. The overall aim is to examine how time and space affects plant biodiversity in arural landscape, with focus on heterogeneous past...

  12. Genome-wide SNP analysis explains coral diversity and recovery in the Ryukyu Archipelago

    Shinzato, Chuya; Mungpakdee, Sutada; Arakaki, Nana; Satoh, Noriyuki

    2015-01-01

    Following a global coral bleaching event in 1998, Acropora corals surrounding most of Okinawa island (OI) were devastated, although they are now gradually recovering. In contrast, the Kerama Islands (KIs) only 30 km west of OI, have continuously hosted a great variety of healthy corals. Taking advantage of the decoded Acropora digitifera genome and using genome-wide SNP analyses, we clarified Acropora population structure in the southern Ryukyu Archipelago (sRA). Despite small genetic distanc...

  13. Molecular ecology and evolution of anemonefishes (Amphiprion spp) in the Indo-Malay Archipelago

    Timm, Janne

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis, genetic differentiation processes on different levels were studied in the anemonefish genus Amphiprion. The studied species inhabit the Indo-Malay Archipelago, located between the Pacific and Indian Ocean comprising the world's richest marine shallow water biodiversity. Differentiation processes on species and intra-specific levels were revealed by phylogenetic and population genetic analyses, based on mitochondrial DNA sequences and microsatellites. Phylogenetic analysis unco...

  14. Projected Polar Bear Sea Ice Habitat in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago

    Hamilton, Stephen G.; Castro de la Guardia, Laura; Derocher, Andrew E.; Sahanatien, Vicki; Tremblay, Bruno; Huard, David

    2014-01-01

    Background Sea ice across the Arctic is declining and altering physical characteristics of marine ecosystems. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) have been identified as vulnerable to changes in sea ice conditions. We use sea ice projections for the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from 2006 – 2100 to gain insight into the conservation challenges for polar bears with respect to habitat loss using metrics developed from polar bear energetics modeling. Principal Findings Shifts away from multiyear ice to ...

  15. Models of oceanic island biogeography: changing perspectives on biodiversity dynamics in archipelagoes

    Lawrence R. Heaney; Danilo S Balete; Eric A Rickart

    2013-01-01

    Models of biogeographic processes can both enhance and inhibit our ability to ask questions that guide our understanding of patterns and processes. The two traditional models of island biogeography, the Equilibrium Model and the Vicariance Model, raise important and insightful questions about relevant processes, but both fail to raise many crucial questions. An example involving the non-volant mammals of the Philippine archipelago shows that both models highlight some, but not all, relevant...

  16. Social, Economical and Technical Evaluation of a reverse osmosis drinking water plant in the Stockholm Archipelago

    Lindkvist, Jonas

    2007-01-01

    The drinking water plant in this case study is a combined groundwater and reverse osmosisplant in the Stockholm archipelago. The reverse osmosis purification step was added to theplant in 1995. This technique is relatively new in Sweden and there are possibilities for it tobecome a good complement to conventional drinking water treatment. The plant has used thistechnique for over 10 years with good results. It is therefore of great interest to evaluate anddocument it for the possibility to im...

  17. Phylogeography of the prehensile-tailed skink Corucia zebrata on the Solomon Archipelago.

    Hagen, Ingerid J; Donnellan, Stephen C; Bull, C Michael

    2012-06-01

    The biogeography of islands is often strongly influenced by prior geological events. Corucia zebrata (Squamata: Scincidae) is endemic to the geologically complex Solomon Archipelago in Northern Melanesia. We examined the level of divergence for different island populations of C. zebrata and discussed these patterns in light of Pleistocene land bridges, island isolation, and island age. Corucia zebrata was sampled from 14 locations across the Solomon Archipelago and sequenced at two mitochondrial genes (ND2 and ND4; 1697 bp in total) and four nuclear loci (rhodopsin, an unknown intron, AKAP9, and PTPN12). Measures of genetic divergence, analyses of genetic variation, and Bayesian phylogenetic inference were used and the data assessed in light of geological information. Populations of C. zebrata on separate islands were found to be genetically different from each other, with reciprocal monophyly on mitochondrial DNA. Populations on islands previously connected by Pleistocene land bridges were marginally less divergent from each other than from populations on other nearby but isolated islands. There are indications that C. zebrata has radiated across the eastern islands of the archipelago within the last 1-4 million years. Nuclear loci were not sufficiently informative to yield further information about the phylogeography of C. zebrata on the Solomon Archipelago. Analyses of the mitochondrial data suggest that dispersal between islands has been very limited and that there are barriers to gene flow within the major islands. Islands that have been isolated during the Pleistocene glacial cycles are somewhat divergent in their mitochondrial genotypes, however, isolation by distance (IBD) and recent colonization of isolated but geologically younger islands appear to have had stronger effects on the phylogeography of C. zebrata than the Pleistocene glacial cycles. This contrasts with patterns reported for avian taxa, and highlights the fact that biogeographic regions for island species cannot be directly extrapolated among taxa of differing dispersal ability. PMID:22833796

  18. Tuvalu, Sovereignty and Climate Change: Considering Fenua, the Archipelago and Emigration

    Carol Farbotko; Elaine Stratford; Heather Lazrus

    2013-01-01

    Tuvalu is a Pacific atoll nation-state that has come to stand for predicaments implicating climate change, forced emigration and resettlement, and loss of territory and sovereignty. Legal and policy remedies seek to address such challenges by radically reframing how sovereignty is conceived. Drawing on literary and legal theory, we seek to extend such work in the terms of cultural geography and anthropology by considering how the archipelago and cultural practices known as fenua could be depl...

  19. Prehistoric inter-archipelago trading of Polynesian tree snails leaves a conservation legacy

    Lee, Taehwan; Burch, John B.; Coote, Trevor; Fontaine, Benot; Gargominy, Olivier; Pearce-Kelly, Paul; Foighil, Diarmaid

    2007-01-01

    Inter-archipelago exchange networks were an important aspect of prehistoric Polynesian societies. We report here a novel genetic characterization of a prehistoric exchange network involving an endemic Pacific island tree snail, Partula hyalina. It occurs in the Society (Tahiti only), Austral and Southern Cook Islands. Our genetic data, based on museum, captive and wild-caught samples, establish Tahiti as the source island. The source lineage is polymorphic in shell coloration and contains a s...

  20. The volcanism of the Comores archipelago: mantle plume or lithosperic deformation?

    Michon, Laurent

    2015-04-01

    The development of the Comores archipelago in the Mozambique channel has been diversely interpreted since the 1970's. The two end-members causes are, on the one hand, a deep mantle plume that developed a hotspot track from the Seychelles Plateau to the Grande Comore, and, on the other hand, a lithospheric deformation that reactivated transform faults and controlled the magma path. The present work first surveys the sparse geological, geophysical and geochronological data available for this archipelago, re-evaluates the age of the magmatic activity and integrates this evolution at a regional scale. Combining realistic magma production rates, the volume of each edifice and the geochronological, it is showed that the magmatic activity started first in Mayotte about 20 Ma and second, almost simultaneously, in Anjouan, Mohli and Grande Comore about 10 Ma ago. This magmatism, coeval with magmatic periods in areas surrounding the Mozambic channel, the southern East African rift and Madagascar, is organised in three periods since Late Oligocene. Magmatic provinces are now superimposed with seismic zones and graben structures. In consequence, the Comores archipelago is tentatively interpret as part of the East African rift rather than related to a distinct deep mantle plume.

  1. Characterization of mangrove forest types based on ALOS-PALSAR in overall Indonesian archipelago

    Indonesia has largest mangrove forest in the world, total area around 3.5 million ha or 17% – 23% from mangrove forest in the world. Mangrove forest provides products and services, such as carbon balance of the coastal zone. Mapping and monitoring biomass of mangrove is very important but field survey of mangrove biomass and productivity in overall Indonesia is very difficult. Global-scale mosaics with HH and HV backscatter of Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) which is 50-m spatial resolution has been generated. This image available for identification and monitoring mangrove forest. The Objective of this research to investigate characterization of mangrove forest types based on ALOS-PALSAR in overall Indonesian archipelago. Methodology consists of collecting ALOS-PALSAR image for overall Indonesian archipelago, preprocessing and mosaicking, collecting region of interest of mangrove forest, plotting, ground survey, characterization and classification. The result of this research has showed characterization of mangrove forest types based on ALOS-PALSAR. Indonesian mangrove forest types has HH value around -10 dB until -7 dB and HV value around -17 dB until -13 dB. Higher of HH and HV backscatters value indicated higher of level biomass. Based on scatter plot of HH and HV, Indonesian mangrove forest can be classified in three level biomass. Generally level biomass of mangrove forest in Indonesia archipelago is moderate

  2. Patterns of diversification in islands: A comparative study across three gecko genera in the Socotra Archipelago.

    Garcia-Porta, Joan; Morales, Hernán E; Gómez-Díaz, Elena; Sindaco, Roberto; Carranza, Salvador

    2016-05-01

    In this study we used the complete fauna of geckos of the Socotra Archipelago to test whether the three gecko genera co-occurring in the islands (Pristurus, Hemidactylus and Haemodracon) produced similar outcomes of morphological and climatic diversification. To test this, we produced a time-calibrated tree of 346 geckos including all 16 endemic species of the archipelago and 26 potential close-relatives in the continent. Our dating estimates revealed that most of the diversity of geckos in the archipelago was the consequence of in situ diversification. However not all genera shared similar patterns of diversification. While in Hemidactylus and Haemodracon this involved great differences in body size and low levels of climatic diversification (mostly involving sympatric distributions), an opposite pattern appeared in Pristurus in which most of the diversification involved shifts in climatic envelopes (mostly involving allopatric and parapatric distributions) but almost no size differentiation. Consistently with this, Pristurus was the only genus in which rates of size diversification in islands were substantially lower than in the continent. This illustrates how different groups can greatly differ in their patterns of intra-island diversification and highlights the importance of taxon-dependent factors at determining different patterns of diversification in the same insular context. PMID:26911521

  3. Human genetic diversity in the Japanese Archipelago: dual structure and beyond.

    Jinam, Timothy A; Kanzawa-Kiriyama, Hideaki; Saitou, Naruya

    2015-01-01

    The Japanese Archipelago stretches approximately 3,000 kilometers from Hokkaido in the north to the Ryukyu Islands in the south, and has seen human activity since at least 30 thousand years ago (KYA). The Jomon period from 16 to 3 KYA is associated with cord-marked pottery and the people at that time, who were hunter-gatherers, occupied a range of locations across the Japanese Archipelago. The Yayoi period from 3 to 1.7 KYA saw the introduction of migrants from the Asian Continent who brought rice agriculture to the archipelago. The dual-structure model, which is based on craniofacial measurements, proposes that admixture between the Jomon and Yayoi people resulted in current-day Japanese. Subsequent genetic studies using uniparental and autosomal markers in current-day and ancient human samples are widely in support of the dual-structure model. These genetic data have also unveiled the uniqueness of the indigenous Ainu and Ryukyuan people while further demonstrating the genetic substructure within the Mainland Japanese. PMID:26510569

  4. Atención odontológica integral a personas que viven con vih-sida (pvvih) en el hospital san juan de dios de bogotá

    John Harold Estrada Montoya

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo presenta el panorama del surgimiento del programa de atención odontológica a personas viviendo con VIH/SIDA (PVVS) que fue implementado en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Bogotá y que funcionó hasta el cierre definitivo del Hospital durante la presidencia de Andrés Pastrana Arango. Se presentan las diferentes etapas vividas en el programa y se destacan la implementación de los primeros protocolos de bioseguridad en el país que luego fueron tomados como modelo para todo el país...

  5. Teresa Andrés y la organización Cultura Popular: una propuesta de coordinación bibliotecaria (1936-1938

    Seguí i Francés, Romà

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Teresa Andrés Zamora es conocida por su actividad al frente de la Sección de Bibliotecas de Cultura Popular. Este trabajo describe las relaciones que se establecieron entre Teresa Andrés y Cultura Popular, tras hacerse cargo de las responsabilidades del Ministerio de Instrucción Pública.

  6. Aerosol chemistry above an extended Archipelago of the Eastern Mediterranean basin during strong northern winds

    E. Athanasopoulou

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Detailed aerosol chemical predictions by a carefully designed model system (i.e. PMCAMx, WRF, GEOS-CHEM, along with airborne and ground-based observations, are presented and analyzed over a wide domain covering the Aegean Archipelago. The studied period is ten successive days during the summer of 2011, characterized by the most frequent prevailing wind conditions (Etesian regime. The submicron aerosol load in the lower troposphere above the Archipelago (< 2.2 km altitude is homogenously enriched in sulfate (average modeled and measured submicron sulfate of 5.5 and 5.8 μg m−3, respectively, followed by organics (2.3 and 4.4 μg m−3 and ammonium (1.5 and 1.7 μg m−3. Aerosol concentrations smoothly decline aloft, reaching lower values (< 1 μg m−3 above 4.2 km altitude. Model performance is found good (according the selected evaluation criteria for sulfate, ammonium, chloride, elemental carbon, organic carbon and total PM10 mass concentration, indicating a satisfactory representation of the aerosol chemistry and precursors. Higher model discrepancies are confined to the highest (e.g. peak sulfate values and lowest ends (e.g. nitrate of the airborne aerosol mass size distribution, as well as in airborne organic concentrations (model underestimation around 50%. The latter is most probably related to the intense fire activity upwind the Archipelago (i.e. Balkan area and Black Sea coastline, which is not represented in the current model application. Overall, the model system shows the best agreement with observations under strong northeastern winds over the Archipelago and up to 2.2 km altitude. The activation of the chemical ageing of biogenic particles is suggested to be used for the aerosol chemistry module, when treating organics in a sufficient nitrogen and sulfate-rich environment, such as that over the Aegean basin. More than 70% of the predicted aerosol mass over the Aegean Archipelago during a representative Etesian episode is related to transport of aerosols and their precursors from outside the modeling domain.

  7. Lipid sorting revealed by SANS

    We have investigated the lipid sorting in a binary small unilamellar vesicle (SUV) composed of cone-shaped (1,2-dihexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine: DHPC) and cylinder-shaped (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine: DPPC) lipids. In order to reveal the lipid sorting we adopted a contrast matching technique of small angle neutron scattering (SANS), which extracts the distribution of deuterated lipids in the bilayer quantitatively. The SANS profile of deuterated SUVs at the contrast matching condition showed a characteristic scattering profile, indicating an asymmetric distribution of cone-shaped lipids in the bilayer. The fitting of the observed SANS profile revealed that most DHPC molecules are localized in the outer leaflet, which supports that the shape of the lipid is strongly coupled with the membrane curvature. We compared the obtained asymmetric distribution of the cone-shaped lipids in the bilayer with the theoretical prediction based on the curvature energy model. (author)

  8. San Language Development for Education in South Africa: The South African San Institute and the San Language Committees

    Pamo, Billies

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the 3 San communities in South Africa: the !Xun, the Khwe, and the [image omitted]Khomani San. The !Xun and Khwe communities are living in Platfontein, near Kimberley in the Northern Cape. The [image omitted]Khomani San community is living in Upington and in the southern Kalahari, which are also in the Northern Cape. This

  9. 33 CFR 110.224 - San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, Carquinez Strait, Suisun Bay, Sacramento River, San Joaquin...

    2010-07-01

    ... affecting 110.224, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, Carquinez Strait, Suisun Bay, Sacramento River, San Joaquin River, and connecting waters, CA....

  10. Structure of microemulsions by SANS

    Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) has been used to determine the structure of microemulsions in the system hydrocarbon-water-sodium di-ethylhexylsulfosuccinate (AOT). SANS spectra taken in a deuterated solvent showed a perfect Guinier fit with a radius of gyration of 15A regardless of the amount of AOT from 0.1 to 5% present. By varying the proportions of deuterated and undeuterated solvent to vary the contrast between the micelles and the solvent, it is concluded that the micelles are basically monodispersed spherical aggregations of 22 AOT molecules

  11. Vegetation - San Felipe Valley [ds172

    California Department of Resources — This Vegetation Map of the San Felipe Valley Wildlife Area in San Diego County, California is based on vegetation samples collected in the field in 2002 and 2005...

  12. The San Bernabe power substation; La subestacion San Bernabe

    Chavez Sanudo, Andres D. [Luz y Fuerza del Centro, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    The first planning studies that gave rise to the San Bernabe substation go back to year 1985. The main circumstance that supports this decision is the gradual restriction for electric power generation that has been suffering the Miguel Aleman Hydro System, until its complete disappearance, to give priority to the potable water supply through the Cutzamala pumping system, that feeds in an important way Mexico City and the State of Mexico. In this document the author describes the construction project of the San Bernabe Substation; mention is made of the technological experiences obtained during the construction and its geographical location is shown, as well as the one line diagram of the same [Espanol] Los primeros estudios de planeacion que dieron origen a la subestacion San Bernabe se remontan al ano de 1985. La circunstancia principal que soporta esta decision es la restriccion paulatina para generar energia que ha venido experimentando el Sistema Hidroelectrico Miguel Aleman, hasta su desaparicion total, para dar prioridad al suministro de agua potable por medio del sistema de bombeo Cutzamala, que alimenta en forma importante a la Ciudad de Mexico y al Estado de Mexico. En este documento el autor describe el proyecto de construccion de la subestacion San Bernabe; se mencionan las experiencias tecnologicas obtenidas durante su construccion y se ilustra su ubicacion geografica, asi como un diagrama unifilar de la misma

  13. 77 FR 42647 - Safety Zone: San Diego Symphony POPS Fireworks; San Diego, CA

    2012-07-20

    ... FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone: San Diego Symphony POPS Fireworks; San... establishing a safety zone on the navigable waters of San Diego Bay in support of the San Diego Symphony...

  14. 76 FR 45693 - Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA

    2011-08-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA... temporary safety zone on the navigable waters of San Diego Bay in support of the San Diego POPS Fireworks... rule, call or e-mail Petty Officer Shane Jackson, Waterways Management, U.S. Coast Guard Sector...

  15. 76 FR 75908 - Notice of Inventory Completion: The University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA

    2011-12-05

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: The University of California, San Diego, San Diego... California on behalf of the University of California, San Diego, have completed an inventory of human remains... contact the University of California, San Diego. Disposition of the human remains and associated...

  16. 76 FR 46352 - Approval of Noise Compatibility Program for San Diego International, San Diego, CA

    2011-08-02

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Approval of Noise Compatibility Program for San Diego International, San... Administration (FAA) announces its findings on the noise compatibility program submitted by San Diego Regional... maps submitted by San Diego Regional Airport Authority under Part 150 were in compliance...

  17. 77 FR 46115 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA

    2012-08-02

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The San Diego Museum of Man has completed an... contact the San Diego Museum of Man. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribe stated...

  18. 27 CFR 9.56 - San Lucas.

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false San Lucas. 9.56 Section 9... TREASURY LIQUORS AMERICAN VITICULTURAL AREAS Approved American Viticultural Areas § 9.56 San Lucas. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “San Lucas.” (b) Approved...

  19. Postsotsialismist vaatemängulinna = From Post-Socialism to the City of the Spectacle / Andres Kurg

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Büroo Alver Trummal Arhitektid töödest, Andres Alverist ja Tiit Trummalist. Ärihoonest Tallinnas Rävala pst. 4. Autorid: Andres Alver, Tiit Trummal, Tarmo Laht, Indrek Rünkla, Ulla Mets, Sven Koppel. Konstruktor Eido Uustalu (Eesti Projekt). Projekt 2001, valmis 2006. City Plazast Tallinnas Tartu mnt. 2. Autorid: A. Alver, T. Trummal, T. Laht, I. Rünkla, Martin Melioranski, U. Mets. Konstruktor: Tiit Masso, Pike Projekt. Sisekujundus (fuajeed, restoran): Pille Lausmäe. Projekt 2001, valmis 2004. Lõige, põhiplaan, 3 värv. välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  20. Música e disco no Brasil: a trajetória de André Midani

    Eduardo Vicente

    2008-01-01

    Esse artigo tem por objetivo apresentar a trajetória profissional de André Midani, provavelmente o mais importante executivo da história da indústria fonográfica no Brasil. Nascido na Síria, Midani chegou ao Brasil nos anos 50, ingressando imediatamente na indústria. Sua trajetória, desenvolvida especialmente nas gravadoras Odeon (EMI), Phillips/Polygram (Universal Music) e Warner, está profundamente ligadas a importantes movimentos da música popular brasileira como a Bossa Nova, o Tropicalis...

  1. Udviklingen af TPM (Total Productive Maintenance) - og relationer til andre koncepter

    Michelsen, Aage U.

    2003-01-01

    Koncepterne TPS, TQC og TPM har gennem årtier undergået en løbende udvikling, og for alle tre koncepter gælder, at deres indhold herved gradvist er blevet udvidet - fra at omfatte specifikke problemstillinger i produktionen til at omfatte næsten hele virksomheden. I artiklen skitseres træk af denne...... udvikling, primært med henblik på belysning af baggrunden for TPM og dermed for forståelse af det indhold, TPM har i dag, samt hvorledes dette koncept kan relateres til de to andre koncepter....

  2. Topological Andr\\'e-Quillen homology for cellular commutative $S$-algebras

    Baker, Andrew; Reinhard, Philipp

    2007-01-01

    Topological Andr\\'e-Quillen homology for commutative $S$-algebras was introduced by Basterra following work of Kriz, and has been intensively studied by several authors. In this paper we discuss it as a homology theory on CW $S$-algebras and apply it to obtain results on minimal atomic $p$-local $S$-algebras which generalise those of Baker and May for $p$-local spectra and simply connected spaces. We exhibit some new examples of minimal atomic $S$-algebras.

  3. André Schaeffner et les origines corporelles de l’instrument de musique

    Anne Boissière

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available André Schaeffner (1895-1980, auteur du grand ouvrage Origine des instruments de musique paru en 1936, propose une réflexion sur l’instrument de musique qui est loin d’être confinée au seul champ de l’ethnologie. La considération de la musique de son temps, notamment en l’œuvre de Stravinsky, la méditation sur l’origine du théâtre et sur la tragédie, avec Nietzsche, contribuent à forger une conception de l’instrument qui est inséparable d’une philosophie de la musique. En explorant le thème central des « origines corporelles » de la musique, cet article présente trois aspects principaux au vu desquels André Schaeffner s’avère problématiser le statut de l’instrument en relation avec le corps sonore et rythmicien : le refus du dualisme entre la voix et l’instrument, le refus d’une origine manuelle des instruments, enfin l’idée d’une organologie du théâtre.Author of the classic study Origine des instruments de musique published in 1936, André Schaeffner (1895-1980 offers a reflection upon musical instruments which is a far cry from remaining within the confines of pure ethnology. Pondering the music of his own era, especially in the work of Stravinsky, as well as meditating over the origin of theatre and, following Nietzsche, over tragedy contributes to bringing about a conception of the instrument which cannot possibly be separated from a philosophy of music.  This article, as it explores the central topic of music’s « corporeal origins », presents three principal aspects in the light of which André Schaeffner is shown to thematize the status of the instrument as linked to the body sonorous and rhythmic : first, by rejecting any kind of voice-instrument dualism ; secondly, by refuting claims as to a supposedly manual origin of instruments, leading finally up to the idea of an organology of theatre.

  4. Andre Wogenscky's early housing works (1956-70): The relation between body, interior atmospheres, and envelope

    Requena-Ruiz, Ignacio

    2014-01-01

    Durante veinte años André Wogenscky fue uno de los más fieles colaboradores de Le Corbusier. El presente artículo discute como sus primeros trabajos (1956-70) suponen una evolución de las lecciones del maestro a través de una comprensión sensorial de la relación entre cuerpo humano, arquitectura y clima. En particular, se aborda su acercamiento a las cuestiones ambientales y la percepción humana en sus proyectos de vivienda. Este trabajo está basado en una investigación original en los archiv...

  5. Radiation accident in San Salvador

    On the base of a radiation accident of tragic consequences which took place in 1989 in San Salvador the author formulates conclusions that are also important for the Polish users of instruments with isotopic sources. Only high qualifications, permanent training and proper exploitation of such instruments would ensure safety of the employees. (author)

  6. San Onofre unit 1 decommissioning

    Nuclear plant decommissioning presents several challenges in radiation protection. The plant demolition must consider radiation protection for workers, protection of the public and careful material management. Decommissioning of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS) Unit 1 presented some additional challenges. (author)

  7. Microbiological and mycological beach sand quality in a volcanic environment: Madeira archipelago, Portugal

    Pereira, Elisabete; Figueira, Celso; Aguiar, Nuno; Vasconcelos, Rita [Universidade da Madeira, Caminho da Penteada, 9020-105 Funchal (Portugal); Vasconcelos, Sílvia [Laboratório Regional de Veterinária e Segurança Alimentar, Caminho das Quebradas de Baixo n° 79, 9000-254 Funchal (Portugal); Calado, Graça [Laboratório de Saúde Pública, IASaúde, Rua das Pretas n° 1, 9004-515 Funchal (Portugal); Brandão, João [Instituto Nacional de Saúde Dr. Ricardo Jorge, Avenida Padre Cruz, 1649-016 Lisboa (Portugal); Prada, Susana, E-mail: susana@uma.pt [Universidade da Madeira, Caminho da Penteada, 9020-105 Funchal (Portugal); Centro de Vulcanologia e Avaliação de Riscos Geológicos, Universidade dos Açores, Rua da Mãe de Deus, Edifício do Complexo Científico, 3° Andar — Ala Sul, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada (Portugal)

    2013-09-01

    Madeira forms a mid-Atlantic volcanic archipelago, whose economy is largely dependent on tourism. There, one can encounter different types of sand beach: natural basaltic, natural calcareous and artificial calcareous. Microbiological and mycological quality of the sand was analyzed in two different years. Bacterial indicators were detected in higher number in 2010 (36.7% of the samples) than in 2011 (9.1%). Mycological indicators were detected in a similar percentage of samples in 2010 (68.3%) and 2011 (75%), even though the total number of colonies detected in 2010 was much higher (827 in 41 samples) than in 2011 (427 in 66 samples). Enterococci and potentially pathogenic and allergenic fungi (particularly Penicillium sp.) were the most common indicators detected in both years. Candida sp. yeast was also commonly detected in the samples. The analysis of the 3rd quartile and maximum numbers of all indicators in samples showed that artificial beaches tend to be more contaminated than the natural ones. However, a significant difference between the variables was lacking. More monitoring data (number of bathers, sea birds, radiation intensity variation, and a greater number of samples) should be collected in order to confirm if these differences are significant. In general, the sand quality in the archipelago's beaches was good. As the sand may be a vector of diseases, an international common set of indicators and values and a compatible methodologies for assessing sand contamination, should be defined, in order to provide the bather's with an indication of beach sand quality, rather than only the water. - Highlights: • Microbial indicators were studied in the beach sands of Madeira archipelago. • Differences between years may be attributed to extreme weather. • Sand of artificial beaches has higher levels of microbial contamination. • Microbial analysis of the sand showed that the beaches have mainly good quality.

  8. The lost Adventure Archipelago (Sicilian Channel, Mediterranean Sea): Morpho-bathymetry and Late Quaternary palaeogeographic evolution

    Civile, Dario; Lodolo, Emanuele; Zecchin, Massimo; Ben-Avraham, Zvi; Baradello, Luca; Accettella, Daniela; Cova, Andrea; Caffau, Mauro

    2015-02-01

    The rise in sea level following the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) radically altered pre-existing geography, pushing back the former shorelines. The effect of this eustatic change was particularly intense and dramatic in flat lands and shelves, such as the Sicilian Channel. High-resolution bathymetric maps and Chirp seismic profiles analyzed in this study show that the Sicilian Channel, now lying at depths rarely exceeding 150 m, has emerged several times during its geological history. The last emergence was during the Early Holocene, when kilometre-sized islands punctuated the north-western sector of the Sicilian Channel, the Adventure Plateau, forming a broad archipelago. Many of these islands, now located in water ranging in depth from - 10 to - 40 m, are composed of highly deformed Neogene sedimentary rocks (Talbot, Ante-Talbot, Nereo, and Pantelleria Vecchia banks), while others represent submarine Pleistocene volcanic edifices (Galatea, Anfitrite and Tetide banks). Sedimentary cover in all of these banks is virtually absent. High-resolution seismic profiles allowed the identification of post-LGM morphological markers associated with the marine transgression, some of which are characterized by melt water-pulses, as demonstrated by the presence of specific and distinct erosional features. Combining swath bathymetric data with the seismic profiles, we have generated two palaeogeographic maps of the former Adventure Archipelago at two specific time frames: (1) at the end of the Younger Dryas stadial (11,500 yr B.P., corresponding to a former sea level of - 60 m), and (2) at the end of the melt-water pulse 1B (11,200 yr B.P., corresponding to a former sea level of - 42 m). Maps clearly show that in just 300 years the geography of the archipelago has changed dramatically, so much so that some islands have disappeared and some have decreased by more than 80% of their pre-Younger Dryas size.

  9. Elemental composition and Its seasonal variation of bulk aerosols collected at the Okinawa archipelago, Japan

    Itoh, Akihide; Oshiro, Seiji; Azechi, Sotaro; Handa, Daishi; Arakaki, Takemitsu

    2010-05-01

    Okinawa is situated approximately 1500 km south of Tokyo, Japan, 2000 km south east of Beijing, China, and 1000 km south of South Korea. Its location in Asia is well suited for studying long-range transport of air pollutions in East Asia, because maritime air mass prevails during summer, while continental air mass dominates during fall, winter, and spring. In the present study, elemental composition and its seasonal variation of bulk aerosols collected at the Okinawa archipelago was investigated by a X-ray fluorescence spectrometric method (XRF). From these results, chemical properties of aerosols transported to Okinawa archipelago and long-range transport of metal pollutions were discussed. We continuously collected bulk aerosols for 7 days at a time during 2008 - 2009. The samplings were performed by using the same type of high volume air sampler at Cape Hedo Atmospheric Aerosol Monitoring Station (CHAAMS, Okinawa island), Kume island (ca. 160 km south-west of CHAAMS), and Minami-Daitou island (ca. 320 km south-east of CHAAMS), respectively. XRF allows us to analyze bulk aerosols rapidly without any pretreatment. However, it is very difficult to determine trace metals in aerosol samples accurately. The concentration ratios to Al for 15-20 elements, whose accuracy was evaluated using standard reference materials (NIES No.28) and measuring by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) after acid-digestion, were obtained by XRF. From seasonal variations obtained, the concentration rations to Al for Pb and As in aerosol particles were clearly higher in winter than in summer. These results suggest that North-west wind blown in winter would transport pollutant aerosols to Okinawa archipelago from East Asia.

  10. The first data on the geology of Jeannette Island (De Long Archipelago, New Siberian Islands)

    Sobolev, N. N.; Metelkin, D. V.; Vernikovsky, V. A.; Matyshkin, N. Yu.; Prokop'ev, A. V.; Ershova, V. B.; Shmanyak, A. V.; Petrov, E. O.

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents the first actual information on the geology of Jeannette Island, one of the islands of the De Long archipelago located in the East Siberian Sea. We show that Jeannette Island has a volcano-sedimentary section dominated by volcaniclastic turbidites. The sequence identified on the southwestern coast of the island has a submonoclinal plunge complicated by secondary deformation structures, which indicate a general E-W direction of tectonic transport (in present-day coordinates). The sequence is intensely cut by multiple thin (up to a few meters) gabbro-dolerite dikes that are deformed conformably with the host rocks. The general geological framework of the island bears a close resemblance to that of nearby Henrietta Island located some 70 km to the east, which consists of a volcano-sedimentary cover of Early Paleozoic age. No organic remains have been found in the studied section of Jeannette Island. The preliminary results of isotope geochronological and paleomagnetic studies confirm the Late Precambrian-Early Paleozoic age assigned to the entire rock complex of Jeannette Island. The measured paleomagnetic directions are generally consistent with the directions of Lower Paleozoic rocks of Bennett Island (De Long archipelago) and Kotelny Island (Anzhu archipelago), which confirms our earlier conclusion that the New Siberian Islands shared a common tectonic history and that this structural element of the Arctic shelf appears to have been a terrane during the Early Paleozoic. This new information can help elucidate the possible relations between the marginal-continental, shelf, island and deep-seated structures of the Eastern Arctic.

  11. Microbiological and mycological beach sand quality in a volcanic environment: Madeira archipelago, Portugal

    Madeira forms a mid-Atlantic volcanic archipelago, whose economy is largely dependent on tourism. There, one can encounter different types of sand beach: natural basaltic, natural calcareous and artificial calcareous. Microbiological and mycological quality of the sand was analyzed in two different years. Bacterial indicators were detected in higher number in 2010 (36.7% of the samples) than in 2011 (9.1%). Mycological indicators were detected in a similar percentage of samples in 2010 (68.3%) and 2011 (75%), even though the total number of colonies detected in 2010 was much higher (827 in 41 samples) than in 2011 (427 in 66 samples). Enterococci and potentially pathogenic and allergenic fungi (particularly Penicillium sp.) were the most common indicators detected in both years. Candida sp. yeast was also commonly detected in the samples. The analysis of the 3rd quartile and maximum numbers of all indicators in samples showed that artificial beaches tend to be more contaminated than the natural ones. However, a significant difference between the variables was lacking. More monitoring data (number of bathers, sea birds, radiation intensity variation, and a greater number of samples) should be collected in order to confirm if these differences are significant. In general, the sand quality in the archipelago's beaches was good. As the sand may be a vector of diseases, an international common set of indicators and values and a compatible methodologies for assessing sand contamination, should be defined, in order to provide the bather's with an indication of beach sand quality, rather than only the water. - Highlights: • Microbial indicators were studied in the beach sands of Madeira archipelago. • Differences between years may be attributed to extreme weather. • Sand of artificial beaches has higher levels of microbial contamination. • Microbial analysis of the sand showed that the beaches have mainly good quality

  12. Aerosol chemistry above an extended archipelago of the eastern Mediterranean basin during strong northern winds

    Athanasopoulou, E.; Protonotariou, A. P.; Bossioli, E.; Dandou, A.; Tombrou, M.; Allan, J. D.; Coe, H.; Mihalopoulos, N.; Kalogiros, J.; Bacak, A.; Sciare, J.; Biskos, G.

    2015-07-01

    Detailed aerosol chemical predictions by a comprehensive model system (i.e. PMCAMx, WRF, GEOS-CHEM), along with airborne and ground-based observations, are presented and analysed over a wide domain covering the Aegean Archipelago. The studied period is 10 successive days in 2011, characterized by strong northern winds, which is the most frequently prevailing synoptic pattern during summer. The submicron aerosol load in the lower troposphere above the archipelago is homogenously enriched in sulfate (average modelled and measured submicron sulfate of 5.5 and 5.8 μg m-3, respectively), followed by organics (2.3 and 4.4 μg m-3) and ammonium (1.5 and 1.7 μg m-3). Aerosol concentrations smoothly decline aloft, reaching lower values (carbon, organic carbon and total PM10 mass concentrations as "good", indicating a satisfactory representation of the aerosol chemistry and precursors. Higher model discrepancies are confined to the highest (e.g. peak sulfate values) and lowest ends (e.g. nitrate) of the airborne aerosol mass size distribution, as well as in airborne organic aerosol concentrations (model underestimation ca. 50 %). The latter is most likely related to the intense fire activity at the eastern Balkan area and the Black Sea coastline, which is not represented in the current model application. The investigation of the effect of local variables on model performance revealed that the best agreement between predictions and observations occurs during high winds from the northeast, as well as for the area confined above the archipelago and up to 2.2 km altitude. The atmospheric ageing of biogenic particles is suggested to be activated in the aerosol chemistry module, when treating organics in a sufficient nitrogen and sulfate-rich environment, such as that over the Aegean basin. More than 70 % of the predicted aerosol mass over the Aegean Archipelago during a representative Etesian episode is related to transport of aerosols and their precursors from outside the modelling domain.

  13. Rocky bottom fish communities of Cabrera Archipelago National Park (Mallorca, western Mediterranean)

    Reñones, Olga; Moranta, Joan; Coll, Marta; Morales-Nin, Beatriz

    1997-01-01

    [EN] In the present study the fish communities of the rocky bottoms of Cabrera Archipelago (Balearic Islands) are analysed and provide data for future evaluation of any changes produced by management. Visual counts were carried out by diving along transects situated in areas of rocky blocks at depths of -10 m, -25 m and -41 m and at vertical cliffs -15 m deep. In the 10 stations studied, 48 species belonging to 19 families have been recorded. The increase in depth principally produced a speci...

  14. Feeding Habits of Introduced Black Rats, Rattus rattus, in Nesting Colonies of Galapagos Petrel on San Cristbal Island, Galapagos.

    Riofro-Lazo, Marjorie; Pez-Rosas, Diego

    2015-01-01

    Introduced rodents are responsible for ecosystem changes in islands around the world. In the Galapagos archipelago, their effects on the native flora and fauna are adverse, including the extinction of endemic rodents in some islands and the reduction in the reproductive success of the Galapagos petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia) in its nesting zones. Understanding the feeding behavior of introduced rodents and their trophic interactions with native and non-native species on islands, can assist in the design of management strategies and conservation plans of invasive and endemic species respectively. Four petrel nesting colonies were monitored during June 2013 on San Cristbal Island (El Pltano, El Junco, San Joaqun, and La Comuna). The feeding habits of black rats were evaluated by analyzing stomach contents and stable isotopes in hair. Three species of introduced rodents were captured. R. rattus was the most abundant at all sites (n=43, capture success (CS) = 55.8%), followed by the house mouse, Mus musculus (n = 17, CS = 37.8%), and the Norwegian rat, R. norvegicus (n = 4, CS = 4.5%), captured only at La Comuna. The omnivorous black rat ate mostly plants (98%) and arthropods (2%). Intact seeds of Miconia robinsoniana were the main food at all sites (relative abundance=72.1%, present in 95% of the analyzed stomachs), showing the black rats' possible role in the archipelago as endemic seed dispersers. There was no evidence of petrel's intake; however, its possible consumption is not discarded at all. The ?15N and ?13C analysis corroborated the primarily herbivorous diet of black rats. The isotopic signatures of the three rodent species reflect the inter- and intra-specific differential use of food resources. Black rat showed a wider diet in La Comuna, which was related to a lower availability of its primary prey and its ability to adapt to the available resources in its habitat. PMID:25984724

  15. Invasion of terrestrial enchytraeids into two postglacial tundras: North-eastern Greenland and the Arctic Archipelago of Canada (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta)

    Christensen, Bent; Dózsa-Farkas, Klára

    2006-01-01

    The aim was to study the invasion of terrestrial enchytraeids into the two postglacial tundras, North-eastern Greenland and the Arctic Archipelago of Canada. The majority of species recorded have a wide distribution in the Northern Hemisphere and the species diversity is considerably lower than...... that of potential source regions indicating either strong selection or varied dispersal ability. It appears that the Archipelago is influenced mainly from North America and North-eastern Greenland from Europe while the specialized fauna of the ancient Beringian tundra is of minor importance. The two...

  16. Keil ja kaks neidu laval vaimselt alasti / Andres Keil, Elina Pähklimägi ; interv. Eva Kübar

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Uue Teatri uuslavastusest "Elud" räägivad lavastaja ja osatäitja Andres Keil ja naisosatäitjad Elina Pähklimägi ning Jekaterina Novosjolova. Lavastus põhineb kolme osatäitja enda eludel ning prostituutide intervjuudel raamatus "Vaikijate hääled 2". Planeeritud esietendus veebruaris 2009

  17. Esimene Eesti maja Hiinas = The first Estonian house in China / Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel ; interv. Triin Ojari

    Põime, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Vestlus Pekingi Eesti saatkonna arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö autoritega. Tulemused: I preemia - Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel, II - Erik Nobel, Christian Jensen, Kristen Herup Sovang, Soren Andersson, Pille Kivihall, Dan Ljungar, Hans Willadsen (Taani), III - Kalle Vellevoog, Velle Kadalipp, Tiiu Truus, Martin Prommik

  18. Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega? : error'ist kõrgklassi homo soveticus'e näitel / Liisa Kaljula

    Kaljula, Liisa, 1982-

    2014-01-01

    Autor analüüsib 2014. a. Tallinna Semiosalongi loengute sarja põhiteema - error'i mõiste avamiseks ühe inimliigi kujunemislugu - Eesti filmiklassikast tuntud tegelaskuju Andres Lapeteuse tõusu ning langust homo soveticus'ena

  19. Andres Varikut ei viidud pärast jahiõnnetust joobeekspertiisi / Garel Püüa

    Püüa, Garel

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Päevalehele on väidetud, et endine põllumajandusminister Andres Varik oli Pärnumaal metsseajahil toimunud õnnetuse ajal alkoholijoobes, kuid teda ekspertiisi ei saadetud. A. Varik eitab joobesolekut. Lääne ringkonnaprokuröri Sirje Huni, sisekaitseakadeemia rektori Priit Männiku selgitusi

  20. Velocity selector for SANS spectrometer

    Mechanical velocity selector, designed firstly at the beginning of the neutron age (the end of 40-th - 50-th, see and references herein) are nowadays of wide use at SANS spectrometers on steady state neutron sources. The present report is devoted to the description of the construction and parameters of the selector, designed for SANS spectrometer at the 1 MW research reactor (URGN, Draria, Algeria). The design of selector provides high transmission (more then 90%) and wavelength resolution of Δλ,/λ ∼ 14%, allowing the neutron wavelength to be selected between 4 A and 10 A. The rotor of selector is an aluminium cylinder rotating in a vacuum jacket around the horizontal axis. The rotor slits of helical shape are formed by absorbing plates with thickness 0.5 mm and made of Gd (10%)-Al alloy. (author)

  1. Whistle characteristics of the spinner dolphin population in the Comoros Archipelago.

    Bonato, M; Papale, E; Pingitore, G; Ricca, S; Attoumane, A; Ouledi, A; Giacoma, C

    2015-11-01

    Observed variations in dolphin acoustic signals may be associated with behavior, social composition, and local differences in habitat features. This study aims at characterizing whistles emitted by the spinner dolphin population occurring in the waters of the main island of the Archipelago of Comoros (Mozambique Channel, Indian Ocean) and to assess factors possibly influencing the acoustic structure of signals. All parameters examined on 953 whistles significantly differed in relation to environmental conditions, group size, and behavior. By mixed model analysis, it was found that only habitat characteristics play a role in the variation of frequency parameters, and exerted on the acoustic structure of whistles stronger influence than socio-behavioral factors. Spinner dolphins occurring in the Comoros archipelago use higher frequencies and show longer signal duration compared to those from the Pacific and the Atlantic. Results suggest that frequency parameters are distinctive of the local population and reflect the habitat use of the species in the area. In conclusion, acoustic measurements may be crucial elements to be included in monitoring programs to identify local peculiarities of dolphins' populations. PMID:26627799

  2. Progressive migration and anagenesis in Drimys confertifolia of the Juan Fernndez Archipelago, Chile.

    Lpez-Seplveda, Patricio; Takayama, Koji; Greimler, Josef; Crawford, Daniel J; Peailillo, Patricio; Baeza, Marcelo; Ruiz, Eduardo; Kohl, Gudrun; Tremetsberger, Karin; Gatica, Alejandro; Letelier, Luis; Novoa, Patricio; Novak, Johannes; Stuessy, Tod F

    2015-01-01

    A common mode of speciation in oceanic islands is by anagenesis, wherein an immigrant arrives and through time transforms by mutation, recombination, and drift into a morphologically and genetically distinct species, with the new species accumulating a high level of genetic diversity. We investigate speciation in Drimys confertifolia, endemic to the two major islands of the Juan Fernndez Archipelago, Chile, to determine genetic consequences of anagenesis, to examine relationships among populations of D. confertifolia and the continental species D. winteri and D. andina, and to test probable migration routes between the major islands. Population genetic analyses were conducted using AFLPs and nuclear microsatellites of 421 individuals from 42 populations from the Juan Fernndez islands and the continent. Drimys confertifolia shows a wide genetic variation within populations on both islands, and values of genetic diversity within populations are similar to those found within populations of the continental progenitor. The genetic results are compatible with the hypothesis of high levels of genetic variation accumulating within anagenetically derived species in oceanic islands, and with the concept of little or no geographical partitioning of this variation over the landscape. Analysis of the probability of migration within the archipelago confirms colonization from the older island, Robinson Crusoe, to the younger island Alejandro Selkirk. PMID:25292282

  3. Mechanisms of coexistence and competition between ants and land hermit crabs in a Bahamian archipelago

    Morrison, Lloyd W.

    2006-01-01

    Ants and land crabs are common inhabitants of many coastal and insular communities across the tropics and subtropics, and yet direct evidence of interspecific competition between ants and land crabs has only recently been documented. I conducted a series of observational and manipulative experiments to further elucidate the mechanisms of competition, as well as coexistence, in these two groups in an archipelago of small Bahamian islands. Diel baiting trials demonstrated a significant temporal difference in foraging activity between the land hermit crab, Coenobita clypeatus (Herbst), and ant Brachymyrmex obscurior Forel, suggesting this is one mechanism underlying their coexistence on small oceanic islands. Reciprocal manipulative baiting experiments, in which one of a pair of species was removed from baits, documented that aggressive interspecific interactions underlie patterns of complementary distribution and temporal turnover at rich food resources. This was true for competition between hermit crabs and B. obscurior, and between B. obscurior and a second ant species, Dorymyrmex pyramicus Roger. Negative species associations at baits were found to be common throughout an archipelago of 69 small islands. A trade-off in exploitative and interference abilities may be a second mechanism allowing species coexistence on these small islands. Interspecific interactions such as competition and predation may occur commonly between ants and land crabs and have important consequences for the structure and function of tropical and subtropical insular ecosystems.

  4. The role of the Azores Archipelago in capturing and retaining incoming particles

    Sala, Iria; Harrison, Cheryl S.; Caldeira, Rui M. A.

    2016-02-01

    The capacity of the Azores Archipelago to capture and retain incoming particles and organisms that are drifting with the oceanic currents was the main focus of this study. Using the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model coupled with the Connectivity Modeling System (an offline Lagrangian tool) a series of experiments were conducted to determine: i) the origin of the particles that reach the archipelago, ii) the capacity of each island sub-group to retain incoming particles and organisms, as well as the iii) oceanographic phenomena that lead to their transport and retention. The Gulf Stream (GS) and the westward propagating eddy corridors were identified as the main transport pathways affecting the Azores region. Eddy Kinetic Energy from altimetry data and Lyapunov exponent analysis suggest that eddies and filaments are the main delivery mechanisms. In the upper mixed layer, the GS and its associated eddies are a predominant regional oceanographic feature injecting particles from the north and west boundaries toward the Azores. The capacity to capture particles of each island sub-group was directly proportional to their size, while the retention time within the Azores region increased with depth, associated with the decrease in velocity of the intermediate water currents. This study opens new prospects to understand transport in the Mid-Atlantic (Azores) region and the islands' role in marine colonization, dispersal, fisheries recruitment and speciation.

  5. Geographical persistence of surface-layer water properties in the Archipelago Sea, SW Finland

    Tapio Suominen

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The Archipelago Sea in the Northern Baltic Sea has a complex water quality regime. The region consists of islands and underwater thresholds that separate interconnected sub-basins, where the waters from the adjacent sea areas and discharges from the mainland are mixed. Thus, the water properties in the region are exceptionally varying by season and location. We studied the seasonal developments of five surface-layer water variables temperature, salinity, Secchi depth, chlorophyll and acidity and the persistence of their geographical patterns in a network of 20 sampling stations in the eastern part of the Archipelago Sea during a period from May to October in 2007. Furthermore, the inter-annual persistence of the late summer observations of three of these variables were analysed within the same network. Although preconceptions about the general gradation patterns from the mainland towards the open sea were found realistic, we also identified geographically divergent seasonal developments and found out that the inter-annual persistence of the studied three variables were not geographically as strong as expected.

  6. Plant speciation in continental island floras as exemplified by Nigella in the Aegean Archipelago.

    Comes, Hans Peter; Tribsch, Andreas; Bittkau, Christiane

    2008-09-27

    Continental shelf island systems, created by rising sea levels, provide a premier setting for studying the effects of geographical isolation on non-adaptive radiation and allopatric speciation brought about by genetic drift. The Aegean Archipelago forms a highly fragmented complex of mostly continental shelf islands that have become disconnected from each other and the mainland in relatively recent geological times (ca Cyclades), is shown to be strongly conditioned by (palaeo)geographic factors (including changes in sea level), shifts in breeding system (selfing) and associated isolating mechanisms have also contributed to this radiation. By contrast, founder event speciation has probably played only a minor role, perhaps reflecting a migratory situation typical for continental archipelagos characterized by niche pre-emption because of a long established resident flora. Overall, surveys of neutral molecular markers in Aegean Nigella have so far revealed population genetic processes that conform remarkably well to predictions raised by genetic drift theory. The challenge is now to gain more direct insights into the relative importance of the role of genetic drift, as opposed to natural selection, in the phenotypic and reproductive divergence among these Aegean plant species. PMID:18579477

  7. Maximum Rain-Rate Evaluations in Aegean Archipelagos Hellas for Rain Attenuation Modeling at Microwave Frequencies

    Evangelia Karagianni

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available By utilizing meteorological data such as relative humidity, temperature, pressure, rain rate and precipitation duration at eight (8 stations in Aegean Archipelagos from six recent years (2007 – 2012, the effect of the weather on Electromagnetic wave propagation is studied. The EM wave propagation characteristics depend on atmospheric refractivity and consequently on Rain-Rate which vary in time and space randomly. Therefore the statistics of radio refractivity, Rain-Rate and related propagation effects are of main interest. This work investigates the maximum value of rain rate in monthly rainfall records, for a 5 min interval comparing it with different values of integration time as well as different percentages of time. The main goal is to determine the attenuation level for microwave links based on local rainfall data for various sites in Greece (L-zone, namely Aegean Archipelagos, with a view on improved accuracy as compared with more generic zone data available. A measurement of rain attenuation for a link in the S-band has been carried out and the data compared with prediction based on the standard ITU-R method.

  8. Hybridization occurs between Drosophila simulans and D. sechellia in the Seychelles archipelago.

    Matute, D R; Ayroles, J F

    2014-06-01

    Drosophila simulans and D. sechellia are sister species that serve as a model to study the evolution of reproductive isolation. While D. simulans is a human commensal that has spread all over the world, D. sechellia is restricted to the Seychelles archipelago and is found to breed exclusively on the toxic fruit of Morinda citrifolia. We surveyed the relative frequency of males from these two species in a variety of substrates found on five islands of the Seychelles archipelago. We sampled different fruits and found that putative D. simulans can be found in a variety of substrates, including, surprisingly, M. citrifolia. Putative D. sechellia was found preferentially on M. citrifolia fruits, but a small proportion was found in other substrates. Our survey also shows the existence of putative hybrid males in areas where D. simulans is present in Seychelles. The results from this field survey support the hypothesis of current interbreeding between these species in the central islands of Seychelles and open the possibility for fine measurements of admixture between these two Drosophila species to be made. PMID:24773151

  9. Bucket structure in carbonate accumulations of the Maldive, Chagos and Laccadive archipelagos

    Schlager, Wolfgang; Purkis, Samuel J.

    2013-11-01

    Peritidal platforms rimmed by reefs, and raised reefs rimming deep lagoons, are characteristic morphologies of the tropical carbonate factory; their geometry contrasts sharply with the seaward-sloping shelves of siliciclastic margins. The structure has been compared to a bucket—stiff reef rims holding a pile of loose sediment. Remote-sensing data from the Maldive, Chagos and Laccadive archipelagos of the Indian Ocean show that ring reefs with bucket structure are the dominant depositional pattern from patch reefs of tens of meters to archipelagos of hundreds of kilometers in diameter, that is, over more than 4 orders of magnitude in linear size. Over 2.5 orders of magnitude, the bucket structures qualify as statistical fractals, exhibiting self-similar patterns and size distributions following power laws. However, most regional or genetic subsets of the data follow lognormal distributions and small subsets of lagoon reefs exhibit exponential distributions. Seismic data and boreholes in the Maldives indicate that the bucket has been a dominant depositional motif since the Oligocene. Ecological and hydrodynamic studies on modern reefs suggest that the bucket structure is a form of biotic self-organization: the edge position in a reef is favored over the center position because bottom shear is higher and the diffusive boundary layer between reef and water thinner. Thus, the reef edge has easier access to nutrients and is less likely to be buried by sediment. The bucket structure reflects these conditions. Karst processes have accentuated the surface relief of the buckets, particularly in the late Quaternary.

  10. Tracing socio-economic impact of ferry provision in Zadar island archipelago

    Zrinka Mendas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores a socio-economic impact of ferry provision in Zadar island archipelago in Croatia. Poor frequency, accessibility, and unaffordable ferry prices to smaller islands have had a detrimental impact on island communities’ sustainability. This prompts for asking what constitutes the socio-economic impact of ferry provision on remote and rural islands’ sustainability. The paper analyses on one hand, regional traces of demographics of population, migration, employment and education; and on the other local traces of emerging island communities’ activities. Adverse impact from the financial resource scarcity and centralisation remain unavoidable, e.g., litoralisation, social exclusion, lack of trade inflows and outflows, entrepreneurship, and lack of employment opportunities for young generations. Island communities are aware of the need for alternative sustainable ways of managing their local economies and this study captures this through communal entrepreneurial and cultural activities. Political actors also must align with their needs in order to provide a long-term sustainable but limited support. Heterogeneity of space and data provides an opportunity for adopting pluralistic and interpretivistic insight and align more closely academic research with evidence-based policy related to rural planning for island archipelagos.

  11. Present situation and future prospects of electricity generation in Aegean Archipelago islands

    The Aegean Archipelago is a remote Hellenic area, including several hundreds of scattered islands of various sizes. In these islands more than 600,000 people are living mainly in small remote communities. The main economical activities of the islanders are apart from tourism, seafaring, fishery, agriculture and stock farming. One of the major problems of the area is the insufficient infrastructure, strongly related with the absence of an integrated and cost-effective electrification plan. In this context, the present work is concentrated on analyzing the present situation and demonstrating the future prospects of electricity generation in the Aegean Archipelago islands. For this purpose, one should first investigate the time evolution of the corresponding electricity generation parameters (i.e. annual electricity consumption, peak power demand, capacity factor, specific fuel consumption) for the last 30 years. Subsequently, the corresponding diesel and heavy-oil consumption along with the electricity production cost for every specific autonomous power station of the area are investigated. Special attention is paid in order to estimate the contribution of renewable energy sources (RES) in the energy balance of each island. Finally, an attempt is made to describe in brief the most realistic electricity production solutions available, including the operation of hybrid RES-based power plants in collaboration with appropriate energy storage facilities. Additionally, the idea of connecting the islands of the area with the mainland and interconnecting them is also taken into consideration

  12. Upper mantle structure beneath the Galpagos Archipelago from joint inversion of body and surface waves (Invited)

    Villagomez, D. R.; Toomey, D. R.; Hooft, E. E.; Solomon, S. C.

    2010-12-01

    We conducted a joint tomographic study of teleseismic body-wave delay times and Rayleigh-wave phase velocities to constrain the seismic structure of the upper mantle beneath the Galpagos Archipelago. Data are from 10 broadband stations deployed over a period of 3 years and one station of the Global Seismographic Network. The seismic network spanned an area of 200 by 300 km2, and the station spacing was 50-70 km. We measured 1783 P wave delay times and 1000 S wave delay times from 110 teleseismic events, and we used 12 maps of lateral variation of Rayleigh-wave phase velocity at periods from 20 s to 125 s obtained by us earlier. We invert simultaneously the delay times and phase velocities for three-dimensional variations in P and S wave velocity VP and VS, and we allow for variable weighting of body and surface wave data and coupling of P and S wave structures. The inversion solutions contain low-velocity anomalies that extend from the surface to the maximum depth of resolution (~300 km). We interpret the low-velocity volume at depths greater than ~100 km to be the locus of an upwelling mantle plume. Between 300 and 100 km depth the low-velocity anomaly is nearly cylindrical with a radius of ~75 km, and the VS anomaly reaches a magnitude of -2%. We attribute this reduction to a combination of higher-than-normal temperature and partial melt. The low-velocity anomaly tilts northward as it shoals; at 300 km depth it is centered ~75 km to the south of Isabela, whereas at 100 km depth it is centered beneath that island. We propose that the northward tilt of the plume as it rises is due to background mantle flow toward the Galpagos Spreading Center. At the top of the low-velocity volume is a rapid increase in VS, which we term the high-velocity lid. We attribute the base of this lid, which is at varying depth across the archipelago and is deepest (~100 km) beneath the southern end of Isabela, to a compositional change produced by the depletion and dehydration resulting from melt extraction. The viscosity increase associated with such dehydration may decrease or stall mantle upwelling, resulting in lateral spreading of the plume. Between 50 and 100 km depth, the low-velocity anomaly is located beneath the northeastern part of the archipelago, a pattern we attribute to melting produced as upwelling mantle spreads toward a region with a thinner lid. There is a pronounced low-velocity anomaly (maximum VS anomaly of -3%) at depths shallower than 50 km beneath the southwestern part of the archipelago that we attribute to another stage of melting of mantle driven upward by plume flow and residuum buoyancy. This anomaly lies beneath Fernandina and Isabela, sites of the most active volcanoes in the archipelago. Our results support the interpretation that the Galpagos Islands are the product of an upwelling thermal plume that is continuous from at least 300 km depth to the base of a high-velocity lid and also suggest that mantle flow and melting beneath the Galpagos are influenced by the formation of residuum. In support of the last inference, the thickness of the high-velocity lid correlates well with regional variations in lava geochemistry.

  13. Versailles et Philadelphie : Benjamin Franklin et André Michaux

    James E. McClellan III

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available On ne peut véritablement parler de « politique scientifique », ni pour les colonies anglaises de l’Amérique, ni pour la nouvelle nation américaine indépendante de la fin du xviiie siècle. Néanmoins, pour la cour de Versailles et pour la politique scientifique française de l’époque – la plus développée du moment – cette région fut d’une grande importance.Dans cette intervention, l’exemple bien connu de Benjamin Franklin ne sera que brièvement évoqué, en tant que scientifique et homme politique, pour les liens qu’il sut tisser entre Versailles et Philadelphie. Le cas moins bien connu, mais plus révélateur, d’André Michaux (1746-1802, botaniste du roi envoyé aux États-Unis en 1785 et chargé de renvoyer en France les semis d’arbres américains, retiendra en revanche davantage notre attention.Pour comprendre la mission d’André Michaux pendant son séjour sur le sol américain jusqu’en 1796, il faut le situer dans le contexte de ce que François Regourd et moi-même avons nommé la machine coloniale, cette nébuleuse institutionnelle scientifique, technique et administrative, dévouée à l’expansion coloniale française. Cette machine intégrait toute une gamme d’institutions à son fonctionnement, y compris, dans le cas d’André Michaux, la Maison et les Bâtiments du roi à Versailles, les jardins du Trianon, le Jardin du roi à Paris, et le Jardin royal d’acclimatation à Rambouillet. Les deux jardins fondés par Michaux dans le New Jersey et en Caroline du Sud firent également partie, à leur manière, de cette machine coloniale et de la politique scientifique de la monarchie française.

  14. 77 FR 34988 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego State University, San Diego, CA

    2012-06-12

    ...: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: San Diego State University Archeology Collections... associated funerary objects may contact San Diego State University Archeology Collections Management Program... Diego State University Archeology Collections Management Program at the address below by July 12,...

  15. XII Avatud hiskonna Foorumi arutlusring "Euroopa hiilgus ja viletsus - Euroopa Liit 50. Kuidas edasi?" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Mark Leonard, Ivan Krastev ; intervjueerinud Andres Kasekamp

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Prnus diskuteerisid 10. oktoobril 2007 Euroopa tuleviku teemadel president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Euroopa Vlissuhete Nukogu tegevjuht Mark Leonard ja Sofias paikneva Liberaalstrateegiate Keskuse juht Ivan Krastev. Vestluse moderaator oli Eesti Vlispoliitika Instituudi direktor, Avatud Eesti Fondi nukogu esimees Andres Kasekamp

  16. Surmahiirte tants; Phapeva hommik; Unistus venna klaskigust; Kolm peva voodipuhkust; Veepiir; Ei sugutunnuseid ega muid iserasusi : [Luuletused] / Wallace Stevens ; inglise k. tlk. ja jrelsna: Andres Ehin

    Stevens, Wallace

    1996-01-01

    Autorist lk. 212. Luuletuste 'Unistus venna klaskigust', 'Kolm peva voodipuhkust', 'Veepiir' ja 'Ei sugutunnuseid ega muid iserasusi', mis on samuti ekslikult sealsamas W. Stevensile omistatud, autor on tegelikult Carlos Stewal. Vt. Ehin, Andres. Veavabandus // Looming. 1995. Nr. 5. Lk. 718

  17. Jekru Jazz titis eesmrgi nii korraldajate, esinejate kui publiku poolelt / Allan Liik, Hedvig Hanson, Andre Maaker, Ain Agan...[jt.] ; foto ja ksitl. Kaire Tensuda

    2007-01-01

    Jekru Jazz'ile jrgneval ndalal ti rituse peakorraldaja Allan Liik toimetusse seal esinenud muusikud. Vestlusringis olid: Allan Liik, Hedvig Hanson, Andre Maaker, Ain Agan, Raivo Tafenau ja Sergio Bastos

  18. 1 küsimus noorele juhile : Kui raha ja aeg ei piira, siis mida tahaksite elus juurde õppida? / Jekaterina Eilart, Andres Urb, Mariana Kolesnik... [jt.

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Hamburg ja Partnerid töötaja Jekaterina Eilart, Sampo Life Eesti varahaldur Andres Urb, Marati peadisainer Mariana Kolesnik, katusefirma Evari juht Rain Kala, endine tudengiorganisatsiooni AIESEC Eesti president Lauri Lahi ning internetiturundaja Marjam Vaher

  19. 1 ksimus noorele juhile : Kui raha ja aeg ei piira, siis mida tahaksite elus juurde ppida? / Jekaterina Eilart, Andres Urb, Mariana Kolesnik... [jt.

    2010-01-01

    Ksimusele vastavad Hamburg ja Partnerid ttaja Jekaterina Eilart, Sampo Life Eesti varahaldur Andres Urb, Marati peadisainer Mariana Kolesnik, katusefirma Evari juht Rain Kala, endine tudengiorganisatsiooni AIESEC Eesti president Lauri Lahi ning internetiturundaja Marjam Vaher

  20. Spatial Econometric Model for Economics Development in Archipelago of Riau, as a Defense System Development in Republic of Indonesia

    Susanti Linuwih

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Province of Archipelago of Riau is a region in Indonesia which is adjacent to Singapore and Malaysia. This province has a great potential conditions diversity and natural resources. Planning on public prosperity improvement is necessary in order to increase loyalty and nationalism to Republic of Indonesia. The aim of this research is to build a spatial econometric model of economic growth in Province of Archipelago of Riau. One of the results shows that in recent 4 years Batam always gives the largest contribution to GRDP in Province of Archipelago of Riau. This can be understood that the contribution is more than 72.0% not only based on GRDP at current prices, but also based on GRDP at constant prices. Economic growth rate in regions in Province of Archipelago of Riau is higher than national economic growth rate. The model fits well because the coefficient of determination R2 is more than 85%. There are only 3 worse models, i.e. based on building construction in Batam (with R2= 59.6%, in Tanjungpinang (with R2=74.0%, and based on transportation and communication in Tanjungpinang (with R2=37.1%.

  1. 77 FR 36041 - San Antonio Central Railroad, L.L.C.-Lease Exemption-Port Authority of San Antonio

    2012-06-15

    ... Surface Transportation Board San Antonio Central Railroad, L.L.C.--Lease Exemption--Port Authority of San Antonio San Antonio Central Railroad, L.L.C. (SAC), a noncarrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption... Authority of San Antonio (the Port), in San Antonio, Tex. This transaction is related to a...

  2. Archipelago, Chile

    Gerald A. Wheeler

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En el Archipilago Juan Fernndez se encuentran diez miembros de la tribu Cariceae (Cyperaceae: cuatro especies de Carex y seis de Uncinia. Ocho de las especies se hallan en la Isla Alejandro Selkirk (= Masafuera; 50 km2, y cuatro en la Isla Robinson Crusoe (= Masatierra; 48 km2. Se describen cuatro nuevos taxones endmicos para el Archipilago: Carex fernandezensis, C. stuessyi, Uncinia aspericaulis, y U. macloviformis. Slo dos especies endmicas, Carex berteroniana y Uncinia douglasii, son frecuentes en ambas islas. Otro endemismo, Uncinia costata, es conocido slo en la localidad de coleccin del tipo en Alejandro Selkirk. Las tres especies restantes, Uncinia phleoides, U. tenuis, y Carex phalaroides, se encuentran tambin en el continente Sudamericano, y se cita aqu por primera vez C. phalaroides para el archipilago. Se lectotipifican los nombres Uncinia costata y U. tenuis f. firmula, y se describe una nueva seccin de Carex, sect. Pellucidae, para ubicar a C. stuessyi y taxones afines.

  3. Tecnologias digitais: reflexões sobre usos e excessos ilustradas pelos quadrinhos de Andre Dahmer

    Janaina Cabello

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes some reflections about possible crossings/impacts on subjective processes from the appropriation of digital technologies in the twenty-first century and how their uses and (alleged excesses have impacted on the subjective constitutions facing other ways humans can show/look/feel/teach, that constitutes the established relationships in the network society. From a historical and cultural perspective, we discuss about the appropriation of digital technologies and the constitutions of subjectivity (individual and in a wider social context, with the backdrop of the illustrations of the Brazilian cartoonist Andre Dahmer, who, through social networks, discloses his work, which provokes and invites us to think about how we relate and therefore, we show and look at ourselves, feel, teach and learn in new subjective configurations with are crossed, constituted and reconstituted by the appropriation of technologies in the contemporary scene.

  4. Cuartel San Carlos. Yacimiento veterano

    Mariana Flores

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El Cuartel San Carlos es un monumento histórico nacional (1986 de finales del siglo XVIII (1785-1790, caracterizado por sufrir diversas adversidades en su construcción y soportar los terremotos de 1812 y 1900. En el año 2006, el organismo encargado de su custodia, el Instituto de Patrimonio Cultural del Ministerio de Cultura, ejecutó tres etapas de exploración arqueológica, que abarcaron las áreas Traspatio, Patio Central y las Naves Este y Oeste de la edificación. Este trabajo reseña el análisis de la documentación arqueológica obtenida en el sitio, a partir de la realización de dicho proyecto, denominado EACUSAC (Estudio Arqueológico del Cuartel San Carlos, que representa además, la tercera campaña realizada en el sitio. La importancia de este yacimiento histórico, radica en su participación en los acontecimientos que propiciaron conflictos de poder durante el surgimiento de la República y en los sucesos políticos del siglo XX. De igual manera, se encontró en el sitio una amplia muestra de materiales arqueológicos que reseñan un estilo de vida cotidiana militar, así como las dinámicas sociales internas ocurridas en el San Carlos, como lugar estratégico para la defensa de los diferentes regímenes que atravesó el país, desde la época del imperialismo español hasta nuestros días.

  5. Tres hermanas con insensibilidad periférica a los andrógenos

    Alfredo José Caraballo Mata

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El síndrome de insensibilidad periférica a los andrógenos constituye la primera causa de pseudohermafroditismo masculino. Tiene una incidencia de 1 en 20 000 a 1 en 64 000 recién nacidos masculinos, representa el 15-20% de los estados intersexuales y la tercera causa de amenorrea primaria. Se hereda en forma recesiva ligado al cromosoma X. El diagnóstico de un caso debe motivar la investigación de las hermanas y otros familiares de la paciente, ya que puede ser una entidad familiar. Se presentan los casos correspondientes a tres adolescentes, hermanas consanguíneas, con insensibilidad periférica a los andrógenos que acudieron a la Consulta de Ginecología Infanto-Juvenil del Hospital de Niños "JM de los Ríos", se discuten los resultados y se revisa la literaturaSUMMARY: The syndrome of androgen insensitivity is the first cause of masculine pseudohermafroditism. It has an incidence of 1 in 20 000 to 1 in 64 000 male newborns, represents 15% to 20% of the intersexual stages and the third cause of primary amenorrhea. It inheritance is recessive and linked to the X chromosome. The diagnostic of a case must motivate the investigation of the sisters and other relatives since it might be a familiar entity. The case of three youth sisters with syndrome of androgens insensitivity, that assisted to the pediatric and adolescence gynecology outpatient clinic of the Children Hospital "JM de los Rios", is reported; the results are discussed and literature revised

  6. Downtown revitalization in San Salvador

    Ejeborn, Elisabet; Nedersjö, Julia

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this master’s thesis in spatial planning is to research the conditions in the historic city centre of San Salvador and make a strategy and urban design proposal for the area, but also to investigate the relationship between economic development, public institutions and the public space in this area. The research has been done through literature studies on El Salvador and formal/informal economy, onsite inventory, studies of good examples and interviews with people in the area. In t...

  7. SANS from interpenetrating polymer networks

    Full text: Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) have been formed by combining two polymeric systems in order to gain enhanced material properties. IPNs are a combination of two or more polymers in network form with one network polymerised and/or crosslinked in the immediate presence of the other(s).1 IPNs allow better blending of two or more crosslinked networks. In this study two sets of IPNs were produced and their microstructure studied using a variety of techniques including small angle neutron scattering (SANS). The first system combined a glassy polymer (polystyrene) with an elastomeric polymer (SBS) with the glassy polymer predominating, to give a high impact plastic. The second set of IPNs contained epichlorohydrin (CO) and nitrile rubber (NBR), and was formed in order to produce novel materials with enhanced chemical and gas barrier properties. In both cases if the phase mixing is optimised the probability of controlled morphologies and synergistic behaviour is increased. The PS/SBS IPNs were prepared using sequential polymerisation. The primary SBS network was thermally crosslinked, then the polystyrene network was polymerised and crosslinked using gamma irradiation to avoid possible thermal degradation of the butadiene segment of the SBS. Tough transparent systems were produced with no apparent thermal degradation of the polybutadiene segments. The epichlorohydrin/nitrile rubber IPNs were formed by simultaneous thermal crosslinking reactions. The epichlorohydrin network was formed using lead based crosslinker, while the nitrile rubber was crosslinked by peroxide methods. The use of two different crosslinking systems was employed in order to achieve independent crosslinking thus resulting in an IPN with minimal grafting between the component networks. SANS, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to examine the size and shape of the phase domains and investigate any variation with crosslinking level and irradiation dose. SANS proved extremely useful for examining the size and shape of the phase domains in these IPNs. We have examined a range of both thermal and radiation crosslinked IPNs using SANS facilities at ANSTO and NIST. Selected samples were sectioned into 1mm strips and stacked to form a composite sample to examine in-plane structure.2 The examination of some of the samples in two perpendicular directions greatly assisted structure determination. New results from real-time thermal polymerisation experiments will also be discussed

  8. Quantitative analysis of small-plastic debris on beaches in the Hawaiian Archipelago.

    McDermid, Karla J; McMullen, Tracy L

    2004-04-01

    Small-plastic beach debris from nine coastal locations throughout the Hawaiian Archipelago was analyzed. At each beach, replicate 20 l samples of sediment were collected, sieved for debris between 1 and 15 mm in size, sorted by type, counted and weighed. Small-plastic debris occurred on all of the beaches, but the greatest quantity was found at three of the most remote beaches on Midway Atoll and Moloka'i. Of the debris analyzed, 72% by weight was plastic. A total of 19100 pieces of plastic were collected from the nine beaches, 11% of which was pre-production plastic pellets. This study documents for the first time the presence of small-plastic debris on Hawaiian beaches and corroborates estimates of the abundance of plastics in the marine environment in the North Pacific. PMID:15041436

  9. History, Political Images and Cultural Encounter: The Dutch in the Indonesian Archipelago

    Taufik Abdullah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the author describes how the inhabitants of the archipelago, since the first relationship with the Netherlands at the end of the 16th century AD to the present, developing an overview of the various foreign entrants. Various picture developed among the natives of the strangers of particular interest because it reflects the understanding of their relationship with the Dutch settlers. The picture serves as a means to make other people more intelligible to the stranger. The picture also serves as a tool to make the relationship with the stranger seemed more acceptable. Because knowledge of the indigenous population of the Netherlands is increasing, the nature of their relationship with the Netherlands is changing.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI:10.15408/sdi.v1i3.848

  10. Number of endemic and native plant species in the Galapagos Archipelago in relation to geographical parameters

    Willerslev, E.; Hansen, Anders J.; Nielsen, K. K.; Adsersen, H.

    2002-01-01

    By simple and multiple regression analyses we investigate updated species numbers of endemic and native vascular plants and seed plants in the Galapagos Archipelago in relation to geographical parameters. We find that the best models to describe species numbers are regression models with log......-transformed species numbers as dependent and log-transformed modified area (i.e. area not covered with barren lava) as an independent variable. This holds both for total species number, for native species number, for endemic species number and for total number of seed plants as well as number of endemic seed plants....... For the ratio between endemic and native species, modified area is also the major significant variable, but with a negative regression slope. Multiple regression models show that some isolation measures are significant contributors and may explain some of the residual variation, but their contribution...

  11. Models of oceanic island biogeography: changing perspectives on biodiversity dynamics in archipelagoes

    Lawrence R Heaney

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Models of biogeographic processes can both enhance and inhibit our ability to ask questions that guide our understanding of patterns and processes. The two traditional models of island biogeography, the Equilibrium Model and the Vicariance Model, raise important and insightful questions about relevant processes, but both fail to raise many crucial questions. An example involving the non-volant mammals of the Philippine archipelago shows that both models highlight some, but not all, relevant patterns and processes. The more recently proposed General Dynamic Model successfully combines many of the positive aspects of the two traditional models, but leaves some important questions unasked. We pose a number of questions here that may help guide further development of models of island biogeography.

  12. Tuvalu, Sovereignty and Climate Change: Considering Fenua, the Archipelago and Emigration

    Carol Farbotko

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Tuvalu is a Pacific atoll nation-state that has come to stand for predicaments implicating climate change, forced emigration and resettlement, and loss of territory and sovereignty. Legal and policy remedies seek to address such challenges by radically reframing how sovereignty is conceived. Drawing on literary and legal theory, we seek to extend such work in the terms of cultural geography and anthropology by considering how the archipelago and cultural practices known as fenua could be deployed as symbolic and material resources emphasizing mobility and connection, in contrast to normative ideas of sovereignty, whose orientation to territory imperils atoll states. Our fundamental argument is that legal and policy reforms addressing climate change emigration must be enriched by accounting for the emotional geographies that attend the changing real and conceptual borders of sovereignty and by creating alternative spaces of hope and action.

  13. Sfida dentro il San Giusto

    Fulvio Bernardini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The planning of sustainable mobility is one of the exercises that for claim has entered on the agenda of European municipalities. Reduce air pollution and the use of cars and to provide citizens more efficient movements, limit traffic congestion and degradation of urban areas; these and other aspects are theguidelines on which are standardizing the major cities of the oldcontinent. Trieste, an Italian city over 200,000 inhabitants located in the north-eastern border of the peninsula, is  historically a bridge between Western and the south-central Europe. Trieste is one of the city that is better incorporating the needs of sustainable mobility, thanks to its central European character. In 2010, the Municipality of Trieste has embarked on the construction of the Park San Giusto, a futuristic solution for the parking of cars: once completed, it will be the largest park in the cave in Italy and the second in Europe, the cars will be a total of 718 on 5 levels buried beneath the hill of San Giusto , in the historic center of Trieste.

  14. Fishery of the Green Jack Caranx caballus (Osteichytes: Carangidae) in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama.

    Mair, James M; Cipriani, Roberto; Guzman, Hector M; Usan, David

    2012-09-01

    Green Jacks, Caranx caballus, are distributed along the Eastern Pacific coast. In Panama, C. caballus was heavily fished around Las Perlas Archipelago to sustain local markets until 2007, when the archipelago was declared a marine protected area. This first study in Panama, analyzed a sample of 4 990 individuals from Las Perlas, obtained monthly from June 2005 to June 2006, from landings at the central fish market. Average total length was 36.1 +/- 6.4cm and optimum length 38.9cm. Approximately 68% of fish lengths were within +/-10% of the optimal length but only six (15%) were considered mega-spawners. The von Bertalanffy parameters describe a long-lived and fast growing species, while mortality rates revealed that C. caballus is under high fishing pressure. Standard length at which half of the population is mature was 38.8cm, and the size at which individuals matured massively, 33cm. Only 10-13% of the fish were immature. C. caballus reproduces two to three times per year, with peaks in December, April, and probably September, and recruits to the population at least twice per year. Catch per unit effort (CPUE) was best predicted by minimum annual values of the Multivariate ENSO/LNSO Index (MEI) (R2=0.54). Results show that C. caballus in Pacific Panama is overfished. We recommend the raising of the minimum capture/landing size of this species in order to increase the proportion of mega-spawners in the population and guarantee the sustainability of this resource. PMID:23025097

  15. Fishery of the Green Jack Caranx caballus (Osteichytes: Carangidae in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama

    James M. Mair

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Green Jacks, Caranx caballus, are distributed along the Eastern Pacific coast. In Panama, C. caballus was heavily fished around Las Perlas Archipelago to sustain local markets until 2007, when the archipelago was declared a marine protected area. This first study in Panama, analyzed a sample of 4 990 individuals from Las Perlas, obtained monthly from June 2005 to June 2006, from landings at the central fish market. Average total length was 36.1±6.4cm and optimum length 38.9cm. Approximately 68% of fish lengths were within ±10% of the optimal length but only six (15% were considered mega-spawners. The von Bertalanffy parameters describe a long-lived and fast growing species, while mortality rates revealed that C. caballus is under high fishing pressure. Standard length at which half of the population is mature was 38.8cm, and the size at which individuals matured massively, 33cm. Only 10-13% of the fish were immature. C. caballus reproduces two to three times per year, with peaks in December, April, and probably September, and recruits to the population at least twice per year. Catch per unit effort (CPUE was best predicted by minimum annual values of the Multivariate ENSO/ LNSO Index (MEI (R²=0.54. Results show that C. caballus in Pacific Panama is overfished. We recommend the raising of the minimum capture/landing size of this species in order to increase the proportion of megaspawners in the population and guarantee the sustainability of this resource.

  16. Comparison of Two Independent Mapping Exercises in the Primeiras and Segundas Archipelago, Mozambique

    Luisa Teixeira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Production of coral reef habitat maps from high spatial resolution multispectral imagery is common practice and benefits from standardized accuracy assessment methods and many informative studies on the merits of different processing algorithms. However, few studies consider the full production workflow, including factors such as operator influence, visual interpretation and a-priori knowledge. An end-user might justifiably ask: Given the same imagery and field data, how consistent would two independent production efforts be? This paper is a post-study analysis of a project in which two teams of researchers independently produced maps of six coral reef systems of the archipelago of the Primeiras and Segundas Environmental Protected Area (PSEPA, Mozambique. Both teams used the same imagery and field data, but applied different approaches—pixel based vs. object based image analysis—and used independently developed classification schemes. The results offer a unique perspective on the map production process. Both efforts resulted in similar merged classes accuracies, averaging at 63% and 64%, but the maps were distinct in terms of scale of spatial patterns, classification disparities, and in other aspects where the mapping process is reliant on visual interpretation. Despite the difficulty in aligning the classification schemes clear patterns of correspondence and discrepancy were identified. The maps were consistent with respect to geomorphological level mapping (17 out of 30 paired comparisons at more than 75% agreement, and also agreed in the extent of coral containing areas within a difference of 16% across the archipelago. However, more detailed benthic habitat level classes were inconsistent. Mapping of deep benthic cover was the most subjective result and dependent on operator visual interpretation, yet this was one of the results of highest interest for the PSEPA management since it revealed a continuity of benthos between the islands and the impression of a proto-barrier reef.

  17. Reproductive response to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization along the Hawaiian archipelago's natural soil fertility gradient.

    DiManno, Nicole M; Ostertag, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are the most important nutrients involved in plant reproduction and typically the most limiting in terrestrial ecosystems. The natural soil fertility gradient of the Hawaiian archipelago, in which younger islands are N limited and older islands are P limited, provides a model system to examine questions regarding allocation of nutrients. Using fertilized plots (+N or +P) at the extreme sites of the Hawaiian archipelago, vegetative productivity (e.g., net primary productivity, growth, and litterfall) and foliar nutrient responses have previously been studied for the dominant canopy tree, Metrosideros polymorpha. Here, we investigated whether the reproductive response of M. polymorpha mirrors the previously found vegetative productivity and foliar nutrient responses, by quantifying: (1) inflorescence and seed productivity, and (2) nutrient concentration of reproductive structures. Fertilization with N and P did not significantly affect the productivity of inflorescences or seeds, or seed viability at either site. However, nutrient concentrations increased after fertilization; %P increased in inflorescences in the +P treatment at the P-limited site. Seeds and inflorescences generally contained higher nutrient concentrations than leaves at both sites. Unlike foliar data, reproductive strategies of M. polymorpha differed depending on soil nutrient limitation with emphasis on quality (higher seed viability/greater nutrient concentrations) at the P-limited site. We suggest that in response to P additions M. polymorpha employs a nutrient conservation strategy for its inflorescences and an investment strategy for its seeds. Examining N and P simultaneously challenges a basic assumption that reproductive allocation follows a similar pattern to the often measured aboveground productivity. PMID:26404491

  18. Short-Period Rayleigh Wave Dispersion Measurements across the Cape Verde Archipelago using Ambient Noise

    Silveira, M. M.; Matias, L. M.; Nunes, J.; Teves-Costa, P.

    2010-12-01

    The Cape Verde archipelago consists of 10 islands and several islets located on the southwest flank of the Cape Verde Rise, 500 to 800 km west of Senegal, off the African coast. This is an elevated region of ocean floor approximately 1200 km wide and encompassing an area greater than 3 x 105 km2. The islands form a horseshoe-shaped chain with a general age progression from east to west. Under the umbrella of the CV-PLUME and COBO projects, a temporary pool of 39 BB seismometers has been continuously recording between November 2007 and September 2008. This deployment provided a dense coverage of the archipelago with an unprecedented resolution. Ambient noise tomography has proved to be an efficient tool to construct high resolution maps of lithospheric shallower structures. Firstly, they allow measurements at periods shorter than 20 sec, which are hard to obtain from earthquake surface waves. Secondly, being independent of the epicentre-station geometry, they are suitable on regions of low seismicity. Cross-correlation of about 10 months of ambient seismic noise recorded at the CV-PLUME temporary network allowed us to measure short-period Rayleigh waves on all interstation paths. These cross-correlograms enabled us to compute short-period surface-wave group-velocity measurements on interstation paths. We used these measurements to construct maps of Rayleigh-wave group-velocity lateral variations at different periods. The most striking feature on the obtained record-sections is the presence of a secondary Rayleigh wave train in both causal and anti-causal parts of the cross-correlograms obtained for the paths crossing the western edge of the “horseshoe”. This study was supported by projects “CV-PLUME: An investigation on the geometry and deep signature of the Cape Verde mantle plume” (PTDC/CTE-GIN/64330/2006) and “COBO: Cape Verdes Origin from Broadband Observations”, GDSS, GFZ-Potsdam.

  19. San Diego's High School Dropout Crisis

    Wilson, James C.

    2012-01-01

    This article highlights San Diego's dropout problem and how much it's costing the city and the state. Most San Diegans do not realize the enormous impact high school dropouts on their city. The California Dropout Research Project, located at the University of California at Santa Barbara, has estimated the lifetime cost of one class or cohort of

  20. News from San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium

    On 4 to 8 December 2012 in San Antonio held the 35th annual meeting SABCS - San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. Like every year, and now were present thousands of oncologists from around the world to hear the latest results of clinical studies, the new findings of experimental oncology and translational research. (author)

  1. Characterization of the grafting copolymer EPDM-SAN

    This work aims the characterization of the grafting copolymer EPDM-SAN. This copolymer presents a fraction of free SAN chains, which was extracted by solubilization in chloroform followed of precipitation of the grafting copolymer EPDM-g-SAN in acetone. The EPDM-SAN and EPDM-g-SAN were characterized by 13C NMR, DSC, TGA and SEM. EPDM-SAN contain 23 wt% of free SAN and 77 wt% of EPDM-g-SAN. Both materials are heterogeneous and the thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation are independent of the composition. (author)

  2. Kortlægning og risikovurdering af toluen og andre neurotoksiske stoffer i børneværelset

    Larsen, Poul Bo; Kolarik, Barbara; Gunnarsen, Lars Bo; Rye Lam, Henrik

    Formålet med projektet var at undersøge om udsættelsen for toluen og andre neurotoksiske stoffer kan være problematiske for børns sundhed. Dette blev vurderet i forhold til den eksponering, børn vil have i et typisk børneværelse, og der blev samtidig taget højde for eksponering fra andre kilder...... eksponeringsniveauer, som blev fundet i emissionsmålingerne, blev der udført opfølgende feltmålinger af de neurotoksiske stoffer i 19 børneværelser. Toluen var det hyppigst fundne stof og blev målt i alle 19 børneværelser. Generelt var de målte koncentrationer i overensstemmelse med resultater fra...

  3. A new species of the genus Sagitta (Phylum Chaetognatha) from the Agatti lagoon (Laccadive Archipelago, Indian Ocean) with comments on endemism

    Casanova, J.P.; Nair, V.R.

    A new chaetognath Sagitta madhupratapi from the Agatti atoll, Laccadive Archipelago is described. The species belongs to the "hispida" group. Though collections were made from other atolls the species was found restricted to the Agatti suggesting...

  4. CRED SVP Drifting Buoy Argos_ID 28078 Data, Stingray Shoals in the Marianas Archipelago, 200308-200412 (NODC Accession 0067473)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — CRED SVP drifter Argos_ID 28078 was deployed in the region of Marianas Archipelago to assess ocean currents and sea surface temperature. SVP drifter data files...

  5. Temperature profile and water depth data collected from CHAUVENET in the East Indian Archipelago from 07 December 1986 to 12 March 1987 (NODC Accession 8700158)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and water depth data were collected using BT and XBT from the CHAUVENET in the East Indian Archipelago. Data were collected from 07 December...

  6. Pre-adaptation to Cu during Plant Tissue Culture Enhances Cu Tolerance and Accumulation in Begonia (Begonia evansiana Andr.)

    Ahn, Yeh-Jin; Jong Moon Park

    2007-01-01

    A simple and efficient protocol was developed for culturing Cu-tolerant and Cu-accumulating plantsvia pre-adaptation to Cu during plant tissue culture. We induced multiple shoots from begonia (Begoniaevansiana Andr.) leaf explants on MS medium supplemented with naphtaieneacetic acid and benzyladenine.After 3 months, small plantlets were transferred to MS medium supplemented with 100 μM CuCl2 for pre-adaptationto Cu and cultured for 5 months. Then, these plantlets were individually planted in ...

  7. Sur L'Annulation du deuxième foncteur de (co)homologie D'André-Quillen

    Planas i Vilanova, Francesc

    1995-01-01

    For a given ideal I of a commutative ring ç A,B = A/I, the vanishing of the second André-Quillen (co)homology functor H2(A,B,*) is characterized in terms of the canonical homomorphism a:S(I)->R(I) from the symmetric algebra of the ideal I onto its Rees algebra. This is done by introducing a Koszul complex that characterizes commutative graded algebras which are symmetric algebras.

  8. RheoSANS: simultaneous SANS and rheology measurements on the Quokka SANS instrument

    The highly penetrative and non-ionising nature of neutrons make the SANS measurement particularly suited to examine toe response of soft materials to an external stimulus. In this case we consider the response of a complex fluid. an aqueous solution of a block co-polymer. to shear flow in a couette cell consisting of two concentric quartz cylinders with a variable gap between The couette shear cell is connected to a commercial Paar Physica MCR 500 rheometer. Depending on the ability to maintain laminar flow, rheometric tests may be performed at shear rates from 0.1 to 2000s-1 and at temperatures from -5 to 80cC. The jacket responsible for thermal control of the sample allows access of neutron beam in directions radial and tangential to the now direction. In the tangential direction the need to use a highly collimated beam to illuminate the gap provides a serious limitation to neutron flux at the sample. A trap may be used to prevent the evaporation of solvents. SANS data from the detector may be acquired in either of two modes. Acquisitions may be triggered by voltage output from rheometer (e.g shear rate), or using the detector in list mode where detector counts are post-binned to provide the optimal signal to noise for example in kinetic studies. A further possibility of the latter mode rs the study of shear induced structural changes in a steady perturbed slate such as an oscillatory smear.

  9. Sharp bounds on the radius of relativistic charged spheres: Guilfoyle's stars saturate the Buchdahl-Andr\\'easson bound

    Lemos, Jos P S

    2015-01-01

    Buchdahl, by imposing a few physical assumptions on the matter, i.e., its density is a nonincreasing function of the radius and the fluid is a perfect fluid, and on the configuration, such as the exterior is the Schwarzschild solution, found that the radius $r_0$ to mass $m$ ratio of a star would obey the Buchdahl bound $r_0/m\\geq9/4$. He noted that the bound was saturated by the Schwarzschild interior solution, the solution with $\\rho_{\\rm m}(r)= {\\rm constant}$, where $\\rho_{\\rm m}(r)$ is the energy density of the matter at $r$, when the central central pressure blows to infinity. Generalizations of this bound have been studied. One generalization was given by Andr\\'easson by including electrically charged matter and imposing that $p+2p_T \\leq\\rho_{\\rm m}$, where $p$ is the radial pressure and $p_T$ the tangential pressure. His bound is given by $r_0/m\\geq9/\\left(1+\\sqrt{1+3\\,q^2/r_0^2}\\right)^{2}$, the Buchdahl-Andr\\'easson bound, with $q$ being the star's total electric charge. Following Andr\\'easson's pr...

  10. The terrestrial reptile fauna of the Abrolhos Archipelago: species list and ecological aspects A fauna de rpteis terrestres do Arquiplago de Abrolhos: lista de espcies e aspectos ecolgicos

    C. F. D Rocha; DUTRA G. F.; Vrcibradic, D.; MENEZES V. A.

    2002-01-01

    We have studied the terrestrial reptile fauna of the Abrolhos Archipelago (a group of five islands located ca. 70 km off the southern coast of the State of Bahia, Brazil) and analyze here some of its ecological aspects such as diet, thermal ecology, activity, and some reproductive parameters. Three lizards comprise the archipelago's terrestrial reptile fauna: Tropidurus torquatus (Tropiduridae), Mabuya agilis (Scincidae), and Hemidactylus mabouia (Gekkonidae). The first two are diurnal and th...

  11. Ocean Circulation and Water Mass Characteristics around the Galápagos Archipelago Simulated by a Multiscale Nested Ocean Circulation Model

    Yanyun Liu; Lian Xie; Morrison, John M; Dan Kamykowski; William V. Sweet

    2014-01-01

    Ocean circulation and water mass characteristics around the Galápagos Archipelago are studied using a four-level nested-domain ocean system (HYCOM). The model sensitivity to atmospheric forcing frequency and spatial resolution is examined. Results show, that with prescribed atmospheric forcing, HYCOM can generally simulate the major El Niño events especially the strong 1997-1998 events. Waters surrounding the archipelago show a large range of temperature and salinity in association with four ...

  12. SANS study of asphaltene aggregation

    The colloidal properties of asphaltenes affects their solubility, reactivity and transport properties. We have been investigating the molecular basis for the aggregation of asphaltenes in toluene through the use of Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), in which the hydrogen nucleus provides the strongest scatterer, and the contrast may be varied by deuterium replacement. The measured intensity curves can be fitted with a elongated particle. Both radius of gyration and molecular weight are significantly decreased upon increasing temperature, indicating a disaggregation rather than a conformational change mechanism. Thus, the ''true'' molecular weight of asphaltenes is much less than that measured at room temperature, and appears to be ≤6000. The internal structure is probably complex enough so that a simple description in terms of colloidal or micellar structures is not granted

  13. Ice mass loss in Greenland, the Gulf of Alaska, and the Canadian Archipelago: Seasonal cycles and decadal trends

    Harig, Christopher; Simons, Frederik J.

    2016-04-01

    Over the past several decades mountain glaciers and ice caps have been significant contributors to sea level rise. Here we estimate the ice mass changes in the Canadian Archipelago, the Gulf of Alaska, and Greenland since 2003 by analyzing time-varying gravimetry data from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment. Prior to 2013, interannual ice mass variability in the Gulf of Alaska and in regions around Greenland remains within the average estimated over the whole data span. Beginning in summer 2013, ice mass in regions around Greenland departs positively from its long-term trend. Over Greenland this anomaly reached almost 500 Gt through the end of 2014. Overall, long-term ice mass loss from Greenland and the Canadian Archipelago continues to accelerate, while losses around the Gulf of Alaska region continue but remain steady with no significant acceleration.

  14. Competing Notions of Diversity in Archipelago Tourism: Transport Logistics, Official Rhetoric and Inter-Island Rivalry in the Azores

    Eduardo Costa Duarte Ferreira

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Contending and competing geographies are often implicitly involved in archipelagic spaces. Various small island states and territories with multi-island geographies have flourishing tourism industries that presuppose an archipelagic experience: visitors are encouraged to explore and sample different island constituents of the territory. This strategy taps into different tourism niche markets, improves local value added, and shares tourism revenue beyond key nodes and urban centers. The organization of such an important economic activity however often reflects a ‘one-size-fits-all’, tightly coordinated, frequently contrived process that does not necessarily speak to the cultural and biogeographical forms of diversity that reside in the archipelago. This paper offers the notion of archipelago as a new way of rethinking problems and challenges encountered in island tourism, and then assesses the implications of this conceptualization on the representation of ‘the archipelago’ in the Azores, Portugal, and reviews what this approach means and implies for sustainable tourism policy.

  15. De-facto marine protection from a Navy bombing range: Farallon De Medinilla, Mariana Archipelago, 1997 to 2012.

    Smith, Stephen H; Marx, Donald E

    2016-01-15

    Fourteen surveys were conducted at Farallon De Medinilla (a U.S. Department of Defense bombing range in the Mariana Archipelago) between 1997 and 2012; annual surveys were conducted from 1999 through 2012. There was no evidence that the condition of the biological resources assessed had changed, or been adversely impacted to a significant degree by the training activities being conducted there. Restricted access has resulted in a de-facto preserve effect and outweighs minor negative impacts from training. The health, abundance and biomass of fishes, corals and other marine resources are comparable to or superior to those in similar habitats at other locations within the Mariana Archipelago. Our research suggests that the greatest threat to FDM's marine resources is from fishermen, not military training activities. PMID:26621576

  16. SANS studies of micellar and magnetic fluids

    Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) has proved to be an excellent technique for the study of complex fluids. This article introduces SANS from the viewpoint of such studies. The use of SANS to determine the structures of concentrated micellar fluids is then discussed within the framework of current one-component macrofluid (OCM) models, and experimental examples are taken from several contemporary studies. Finally, the discussion is extended to magnetic fluids (ferrofluids) in which the neutron magnetic interaction plays an important experimental role. 25 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab

  17. CIRSS vertical data integration, San Bernardino study

    Hodson, W.; Christenson, J.; Michel, R. (Principal Investigator)

    1982-01-01

    The creation and use of a vertically integrated data base, including LANDSAT data, for local planning purposes in a portion of San Bernardino County, California are described. The project illustrates that a vertically integrated approach can benefit local users, can be used to identify and rectify discrepancies in various data sources, and that the LANDSAT component can be effectively used to identify change, perform initial capability/suitability modeling, update existing data, and refine existing data in a geographic information system. Local analyses were developed which produced data of value to planners in the San Bernardino County Planning Department and the San Bernardino National Forest staff.

  18. Local Wisdom in Utilizing Skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) and Scad (Decapterus macarellus) in The Regency of Sitaro Archipelago

    Dionisius Bawole; Domu Simbolon; Budy Wiryawan; Daniel Monintja

    2014-01-01

    Local wisdom is any form of knowledge, belief, understanding, or insight as well as custom or ethics that can guide human behavior in life in ecological community. The utilization of fisheries resources, especially skipjacks and scads in the Regency of Sitaro Archipelago has long been based on the custom hereditarily, which is considered as local wisdom. The aim of this research is to describe the mechanism of utilizing fishery resources based on local wisdom, border areas of fishing ground ...

  19. The international importance of the archipelago of Cape Verde for marine turtles, in particular the loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta

    Marco, Adolfo; Abella Pérez, Elena; Monzón Argüello, Catalina; Martins, Samir; Araujo, Sonia; López Jurado, Luis F.

    2015-01-01

    The shores of Cape Verde hosts one of the most important nesting populations of the loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta in the world, as well as important feeding grounds for hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata and green turtles Chelonia mydas. In the past few years, a number of scientific studies have demonstrated the relevance of the waters and beaches of this archipelago for the conservation of these endangered marine megavertebrates. This article aims to bring together the most relevant scient...

  20. Male hatchling production in sea turtles from one of the world’s largest marine protected areas, the Chagos Archipelago

    Nicole Esteban; Jacques-Olivier Laloë; Mortimer, Jeanne A.; Antenor N. Guzman; Graeme C. Hays

    2016-01-01

    Sand temperatures at nest depths and implications for hatchling sex ratios of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) and green turtles (Chelonia mydas) nesting in the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean are reported and compared to similar measurements at rookeries in the Atlantic and Caribbean. During 2012–2014, temperature loggers were buried at depths and in beach zones representative of turtle nesting sites. Data collected for 12,546 days revealed seasonal and spatial patterns of sand te...

  1. Surface layer salinity gradients and flow patterns in the archipelago coast of SW Finland, northern Baltic Sea

    Suominen, Tapio; Tolvanen, Harri; Kalliola, Risto

    2010-01-01

    Abstract The highly fragmented Archipelago Sea in the northern Baltic Sea forms part of a sill area between two large sea basins. In addition to the water exchange between the basins, its waters are influenced by runoff, and thus the sea area has both sill and estuarine characteristics. We studied surface layer salinity gradients and their applicability in defining water exchange patterns through and within the region. A broad scale salinity pattern was detected during two sequenti...

  2. The influence of the geological setting on the morphogenetic evolution of the Tremiti Archipelago (Apulia, Southeastern Italy)

    Andriani, G. F.; WALSH, N.; R. Pagliarulo

    2005-01-01

    The Tremiti Archipelago (Southern Adriatic Sea), also called Insulae Diomedae from the name of the Greek hero who first landed there, is an area of high landscape and historical value. It is severely affected by significant geomorphologic processes dominated by mass movements along the coast that constitute the most important and unpredictable natural hazard for the population and cultural heritage. Coastal erosion is favoured by the peculiar geological and structural setting, seismic activit...

  3. Marginal coral populations: the densest known aggregation of Pocillopora in the Galápagos Archipelago is of asexual origin

    Baums, Iliana B; Devlin-Durante, Meghann; Laing, Beatrice A. A.; Feingold, Joshua; Smith, Tyler, B.; Bruckner, Andrew; Monteiro, Joao

    2014-01-01

    Coral populations at distributional margins frequently experience suboptimal and variable conditions. Recurrent El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) warming events have caused extensive mortality of reef-building corals in the Eastern Pacific, and particularly impacted branching pocilloporid corals in the Galápagos Islands. Pocillopora spp. were previously more common and formed incipient reefs at several locations in the archipelago but now occur as scattered colonies. Here, we report an unus...

  4. Genetic variability and efficiency of DNA microsatellite markers for paternity testing in horse breeds from the Brazilian Maraj archipelago

    Svio P. Reis; Evonnildo C Gonalves; Artur Silva; Schneider, Maria P.C.

    2008-01-01

    In this study, 15 microsatellite DNA loci used in comparative tests by the International Society for Animal Genetics were applied to the evaluation of genetic diversity and management, and the efficiency of paternity testing in Marajoara horses and Puruca ponies from the Maraj Archipelago. Based on the genotyping of 93 animals, mean allelic diversity was estimated as 9.14 and 7.00 for the Marajoara and Puruca breeds, respectively. While these values are similar to those recorded in most Euro...

  5. Climate change, non-indigenous species and shipping: assessing the risk of species introduction to a high-Arctic archipelago

    Ware, Chris; Berge, Jrgen; Sundet, Jan H.; Jamie B. Kirkpatrick; Coutts, Ashley D. M.; Jelmert, Anders; Olsen, Steffen M.; Floerl, Oliver; Wisz, Mary S; Alsos, Inger G.

    2013-01-01

    Aim: Anticipated changes in the global ocean climate will affect the vulnerability of marine ecosystems to the negative effects of non-indigenous species (NIS). In the Arctic, there is a need to better characterize present and future marine biological introduction patterns and processes. We use a vector-based assessment to estimate changes in the vulnerability of a high-Arctic archipelago to marine NIS introduction and establishment. Location: Global, with a case study of Svalbard, Norw...

  6. Listening to a Sense of Place: Acoustic Ethnography with Billy Proctor in the Broughton Archipelago, British Columbia

    Schine, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The thesis explores soundwalking, memory and aural history through participatory exploration. My ethnographic work involves extensive documentation of a private museum in Echo Bay, a remote fishing and logging community in the Broughton Archipelago, BC. This museum houses artifacts, many of which have acoustic components. The proprietor and elder, Billy Proctor, has many stories to tell about his collection and how it reflects the history and ecology of the area. My work aims to show how appr...

  7. Spatial Patterns in the Distribution, Diversity and Abundance of Benthic Foraminifera around Moorea (Society Archipelago, French Polynesia)

    Fajemila, Olugbenga T.; Langer, Martin R.; Lipps, Jere H.

    2015-01-01

    Coral reefs are now subject to global threats and influences from numerous anthropogenic sources. Foraminifera, a group of unicellular shelled organisms, are excellent indicators of water quality and reef health. Thus we studied a set of samples taken in 1992 to provide a foraminiferal baseline for future studies of environmental change. Our study provides the first island-wide analysis of shallow benthic foraminifera from around Moorea (Society Archipelago). We analyzed the composition, spec...

  8. Temporal patterns of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) mitochondrial DNA variation in the archipelago of Azores (Portugal)

    Pinto, M. Alice; Muñoz, Irene; Moura, Inês; Souza, Larissa; Baptista, Paula; Pires, Sância; De La Rúa, Pilar

    2010-01-01

    Morphological and molecular studies have been carried out on different Mediterranean and Atlantic island populations of honey bees. A previous genetic survey of the Azorean honey bees, carried out by De la Rúa and colleagues (2006), showed their genetic distinctiveness from continental populations and their close relationship with NW African populations. Herein we present the results of a more comprehensive survey (samples collected from all the islands of the archipelago) of the mitochondria...

  9. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

    2001-06-16

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

  10. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    Tom Beebe

    2003-05-05

    The OXY-operated Class 2 Project at West Welch is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate reservoirs. The research and design phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advanced reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) is the implementation of the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period 1 for the Project officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and simulation work continued during the Budget Period 2. During the seventh annual reporting period (8/3/00-8/2/01) covered by this report, work continued on interpretation of the interwell seismic data to create porosity and permeability profiles which were distributed into the reservoir geostatistically. The initial interwell seismic CO{sub 2} monitor survey was conducted and the acquired data processed and interpretation started. Only limited well work and facility construction were conducted in the project area. The CO{sub 2} injection initiated in October 1997 was continued, although the operator had to modify the operating plan in response to low injection rates, well performance and changes in CO{sub 2} supply. CO{sub 2} injection was focused in a smaller area to increase the reservoir processing rate. By the end of the reporting period three producers had shown sustained oil rate increases and six wells had experienced gas (CO{sub 2}) breakthrough.

  11. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO2) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents

  12. Trusteeship and Cooperation in the Flemish merchants community in Cadiz: The brotherhood of “San Andrés de los Flamencos” (17th-18th centuries

    Prof. Dr Ana Crespo Solana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents information on the development, over the centuries, of a little known aspect of the communities of foreign Merchants who settled in Spanish cities during the Modern Age. Using previously unpublished documents, relating to the “Ilustre y Antigua Nación Flamenca” of Seville and Cádiz, the article aims to give a description of the charitable activities carried out by the colony of merchants in Seville and, especially, in Cádiz, who were natives of the Southern Low Countries and the Dutch Republic. This merchant community had assigned the administration of a “Patronato” to their brotherhood, which included the control of numerous items of furniture and properties of great value. The description of this religious and benevolent activity gives a no less interesting view, when compared with the purely economic one, of its importance on the integration of these communities into the Spanish society of the 17th and 18th centuries. This research has been made with historical documents from Spanish Archives (Cádiz, Madrid and Alcalá de Henares.

  13. Trusteeship and Cooperation in the Flemish merchants community in Cadiz: The brotherhood of “San Andrés de los Flamencos” (17th-18th centuries

    Prof. Dr Ana Crespo Solana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available  This article presents information on the development, over the centuries, of a little known aspect of the communities of foreign Merchants who settled in Spanish cities during the Modern Age. Using previously unpublished documents, relating to the “Ilustre y Antigua Nación Flamenca” of Seville and Cádiz, the article aims to give a description of the charitable activities carried out by the colony of merchants in Seville and, especially, in Cádiz, who were natives of the Southern Low Countries and the Dutch Republic. This merchant community had assigned the administration of a “Patronato” to their brotherhood, which included the control of numerous items of furniture and properties of great value. The description of this religious and benevolent activity gives a no less interesting view, when compared with the purely economic one, of its importance on the integration of these communities into the Spanish society of the 17th and 18th centuries. This research has been made with historical documents from Spanish Archives (Cádiz, Madrid and Alcalá de Henares.

  14. Small angle neutron scattering (SANS and V-SANS) study of asphaltene aggregates in crude oil.

    Headen, Thomas F; Boek, Edo S; Stellbrink, Jörg; Scheven, Ulrich M

    2009-01-01

    We report small angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments on two crude oils. Analysis of the high-Q SANS region has probed the asphaltene aggregates in the nanometer length scale. We find that the radius of gyration decreases with increasing temperature. We show that SANS measurements on crude oils give similar aggregate sizes to those found from SANS measurements of asphaltenes redispersed in deuterated toluene. The combined use of SANS and V-SANS on crude oil samples has allowed the determination of the radius of gyration of large scale asphaltene aggregates of approximately 0.45 microm. This has been achieved by the fitting of Beaucage functions over two size regimes. Analysis of the fitted Beaucage functions at very low-Q has shown that the large scale aggregates are not simply made by aggregation of all the smaller nanoaggregates. Instead, they are two different aggregates coexisting. PMID:19063643

  15. Vabariigi aastapev San Franciscos / Heino Valvur ; foto: Heino Valvur

    Valvur, Heino

    2006-01-01

    veebruarikuu mdus San Franciscos Eesti Vabariigi 88. aastapeva phitsedes: traditsiooniliselt thistas aastapeva San Francisco Seenioride Klubi koosviibimisega, E.E.L.K. San Francisco koguduses peeti jumalateenistus ja koosviibimine, kus noored esitasid rahvalaule, San Francisco Eesti Selts thistas aastapeva 25. veebruaril aktuse ja koosviibimisega

  16. Exploring the new long-term (150 years) precipitation dataset in Azores archipelago

    Hernández, Armand; Trigo, Ricardo M.; Kutiel, Haim; Valente, Maria A.; Sigró, Javier

    2015-04-01

    Within the scope of the two major international projects of long-term reanalysis for the 20th century coordinated by NOAA (Compo et al. 2011) and ECMWF (Hersbach et al. 2013) the IDL Institute from the University of Lisbon has digitized a large number of long-term stations records from Portugal and former Portuguese Colonies (Stickler et al. 2014). Recently we have finished the digitization of all precipitation values from Ponta Delgada (capital of the Azores archipelago) obtaining an uninterrupted precipitation monthly time series since 1864 and additionally an almost complete corresponding daily precipitation series, with the exception of some years (1864/1872; 1878/1879; 1888/1905; 1931; 1936 and 1938) for which only monthly values are available. Here, we present an annually, seasonally and daily resolution study of the rainfall regime in Ponta Delgada for the last 150 years and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) influence over this precipitation regime. The distribution of precipitation presents an evident seasonal pattern, with a strong difference between the 'rainy season' (November/March) and the 'dry season' (June/August) with very little rainfall. April/May and September/October correspond to the transitional seasons. The mean annual rainfall in Ponta Delgada is approximately 910 mm and is accumulated (on average) in about 120 rainy days. The precipitation regime in Azores archipelago reveals large inter-annual and intra-annual variability and both have increased considerably in the last decades. The entire studied period (1865-2012) shows an increase in the rainfall conditions between a drier earlier period (1865-1938) and a wetter recent period (1939-2012). At daily resolution, we have used an approach based on different characteristics of rain spells (consecutive days with rainfall accumulation) that has been proved to be satisfactory for the analysis of the different parameters related to the rainfall regime (Kutiel and Trigo, 2014). This approach shows that the increase in precipitation is mainly due to more intense events which are reflected by higher rain spell yields (amount of precipitation) and rain spell intensity (amount of precipitation by day) values in the last decades. On the other hand, despite the fact that one of the most widely used NAO definitions includes sea level pressure from the Ponta Delgada station, its long-term impact on the Azores archipelago climate is not well established yet. Here, we assessed the NAO influence over the precipitation regime according to Spearman's rank correlation coefficients. Results show that the inter-annual variability of precipitation is largely modulated by the NAO mode. Correlation values of r=-0.90, r=-0.79 and r=-0.63 were obtained for years with positive (>1) or negative (

  17. Noble gas tracers of mantle processes beneath the Galápagos archipelago (Invited)

    Kurz, M. D.; Harpp, K. S.; Geist, D.; Fornari, D. J.; Curtice, J.; Lott, D. E.; Jenkins, W. J.

    2010-12-01

    Recent measurements in dredged glassy basalts from the western and northern submarine edges of the Galápagos archipelago (R/V Revelle/Drift04 and R/V Melville/MV1007 expeditions, respectively) allow a new examination of the spatial distribution of the noble gas isotopic compositions. The large dynamic range in helium isotopic compositions (6.5 to 30 times atmosphere (Ra)) coupled with the spatial distribution of recent submarine and subaerial volcanism provides a unique picture of mantle dynamics. The highest 3He/4He in the Galápagos are found in basalts from Fernandina volcano at the western edge of the archipelago, which also has the most unradiogenic neon isotopic compositions, suggesting that Fernandina lies above the hotspot center. The high helium isotopic signal drops off asymmetrically to the north and south of Fernandina, with higher 3He/4He ratios found to the South, ranging from 10 to 20 Ra near Cerro Azul, Sierra Negra, and Floreana. To the north of Fernandina, 3He/4He ratios decrease rapidly, reaching values close to MORB at Volcan Ecuador (9.8 to 11.4 Ra), Volcan Wolf (8.1 to 9.2 Ra), and Roca Redonda (7.6 to 9.5 Ra). Preliminary data suggests that He, Ne, and Ar isotopes are correlated in basalts from the western edge of the Galápagos. Using neon isotope data to correct 40Ar/36Ar for atmospheric influence shows that 3He/4He is negatively correlated with (extrapolated) 40Ar/36Ar, and strongly suggests that the noble gas variations relate to mantle source, which has important implications for deep earth noble gas budgets. New data from seamounts in the area between the Galápagos Spreading Center (GSC) and the main archipelago reveal relatively small hotspot helium contributions. The region between the GSC and Isla Pinta is characterized by 3He/4He close to MORB (7.3 to 7.7 Ra). The only evidence of hotspot helium contributions is observed at the southernmost end of the Wolf Darwin Lineament (9.3 Ra) and at the shoal between Genovesa and Marchena (9.5 Ra), which are separated by low values near Isla Pinta (6.5 to 6.9 Ra). This remarkable spatial variability in 3He/4He relates to heterogeneities within the upwelling hotspot, coupled with mantle melting at various depths, as the upwelling material advects to the northeast. The most striking result is the lack of (large) helium anomalies near the GSC, in contrast with other non-volatile geochemical indicators of hotspot influence, indicating that helium is extremely incompatible and is efficiently removed during the initial stages of hotspot upwelling.

  18. Feeding Habits of Introduced Black Rats, Rattus rattus, in Nesting Colonies of Galapagos Petrel on San Cristóbal Island, Galapagos

    Riofrío-Lazo, Marjorie; Páez-Rosas, Diego

    2015-01-01

    Introduced rodents are responsible for ecosystem changes in islands around the world. In the Galapagos archipelago, their effects on the native flora and fauna are adverse, including the extinction of endemic rodents in some islands and the reduction in the reproductive success of the Galapagos petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia) in its nesting zones. Understanding the feeding behavior of introduced rodents and their trophic interactions with native and non-native species on islands, can assist in the design of management strategies and conservation plans of invasive and endemic species respectively. Four petrel nesting colonies were monitored during June 2013 on San Cristóbal Island (El Plátano, El Junco, San Joaquín, and La Comuna). The feeding habits of black rats were evaluated by analyzing stomach contents and stable isotopes in hair. Three species of introduced rodents were captured. R. rattus was the most abundant at all sites (n=43, capture success (CS) = 55.8%), followed by the house mouse, Mus musculus (n = 17, CS = 37.8%), and the Norwegian rat, R. norvegicus (n = 4, CS = 4.5%), captured only at La Comuna. The omnivorous black rat ate mostly plants (98%) and arthropods (2%). Intact seeds of Miconia robinsoniana were the main food at all sites (relative abundance=72.1%, present in 95% of the analyzed stomachs), showing the black rats’ possible role in the archipelago as endemic seed dispersers. There was no evidence of petrel’s intake; however, its possible consumption is not discarded at all. The δ15N and δ13C analysis corroborated the primarily herbivorous diet of black rats. The isotopic signatures of the three rodent species reflect the inter- and intra-specific differential use of food resources. Black rat showed a wider diet in La Comuna, which was related to a lower availability of its primary prey and its ability to adapt to the available resources in its habitat. PMID:25984724

  19. In-Situ Estimates of tidal mixing in the Indonesian archipelago from multidisciplinary data

    Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Atmadipoera, Agus; van Beek, Pieter; Madec, Gurvan; Aucan, Jerome; Lyard, Florent; Grelet, Jacques; Souhaut, Marc

    2015-04-01

    The Indonesian Mixing program (INDOMIX) was designed to quantify the very strong mixing that transforms Pacific waters into homohaline Indonesian Waters in the Indonesian archipelago. The turbulent dissipation rates and associated mixing were estimated and analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach that combines physical and geochemical observations: 1) direct measurements of the dissipation using a microstructure profiler, 2) use of density-based fine-scale methods, and 3) study of the vertical distribution of natural radionuclides (radium isotopes and actinium-227). Data were collected at five contrasting stations within the Indonesian archipelago. Strong instabilities, inversions of the density profiles and a very strong water mass transformation were observed. A wide range of values is obtained for dissipation within [10-10, 10-4] W.kg-1 with spots of higher dissipation in the ocean interior correlated with a strong internal tide signal. Both Fine-scale and micro-scale methods allow us to identify very strong dissipation energy levels above the straits, ranging within [10-7, 10-4] W.kg-1, in contrast to lower values at stations far from generation sites. However, the dissipation in the interior water column for the station located in the center of Halmahera [10-9, 10-8] W.kg-1 is stronger than for the Banda station [10-11, 10-10] W.kg-1, which is further away from generation sites. The three approaches agree relatively well and provide Kz values ranging between 5 10-4 and 5 10-1 m2.s-1, except in the Banda Sea where values are similar to the ones found in the open ocean (10-6 m2.s-1). Kz values mainly increase toward the bottom, where stratification decreases. Surface mixing, at the base of the mixed layer is found to be still very strong with values within [10-4, 10-3 m2.s-1]. These results confirm the results of modelling studies, in which hypothesis of intensified subsurface mixing were made, a mixing that strongly modifies the whole tropical mean state and variability. We conclude, therefore, that climate models need to take into account this intensified ocean mixing to properly represent the mean state of the atmosphere and its climate variability.

  20. Backscatter B [7125]--Offshore San Gregorio, California

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior This part of SIM 3306 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3306) of the Offshore of San Gregorio map area, California. Backscatter data...

  1. Habitat--Offshore of San Francisco, California

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of San Francisco map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  2. San Antonio Bay 1986-1989

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The effect of salinity on utilization of shallow-water nursery habitats by aquatic fauna was assessed in San Antonio Bay, Texas. Overall, 272 samples were collected...

  3. Historical methyl mercury in San Francisco Bay

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — San Francisco Bay, California is considered a mercury-impaired watershed. Elevated concentrations of mercury are found in water and sediment as well as fish and...

  4. Bathymetry--Offshore San Gregorio, California

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior This part of SIM 3306 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps (see sheet 1 and 2, SIM 3306) of the Offshore of San Gregorio map area, California....

  5. Contours--Offshore of San Francisco, California

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore of San Francisco map area, California. The vector data file...

  6. San Onofre's work controls planning program

    In this paper an overview of San Onofre's Health Physics Work Controls Planning Program is presented. The program provides the Health Physics Technician with guidance and support for covering jobs with significant radiological risks

  7. Backscatter A [8101]--Offshore San Gregorio, California

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior This part of SIM 3306 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3306) of the Offshore of San Gregorio map area, California. Backscatter data...

  8. San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge contaminant study

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1982 for the protection and management of endangered desert fishes which are indigenous to the Rio...

  9. San Francisco Bay Water Quality Improvement Fund

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The San Francisco Bay Water Quality Improvement Fund is a competitive grant program that is helping implement TMDLs to improve water quality, protect wetlands, and...

  10. 33 CFR 165.1102 - Security Zone; Naval Base Point Loma; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA.

    2010-07-01

    .... (b) Regulations. (1) The general regulations governing security zones found in 33 CFR 165.33 apply to... Loma; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA. 165.1102 Section 165.1102 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... Guard District 165.1102 Security Zone; Naval Base Point Loma; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA....

  11. 75 FR 55270 - Safety Zone; NASSCO Launching of USNS Washington Chambers, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2010-09-10

    ... Chambers, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone on the navigable waters of the San Diego Bay in... the Port (COTP) San Diego or his designated representative. DATES: This rule is effective from 9:15...

  12. 33 CFR 165.776 - Security Zone; Coast Guard Base San Juan, San Juan Harbor, Puerto Rico

    2010-07-01

    ... San Juan, San Juan Harbor, Puerto Rico 165.776 Section 165.776 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... Guard District 165.776 Security Zone; Coast Guard Base San Juan, San Juan Harbor, Puerto Rico (a... artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water, except...

  13. Música e disco no Brasil: a trajetória de André Midani

    Eduardo Vicente

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo tem por objetivo apresentar a trajetória profissional de André Midani, provavelmente o mais importante executivo da história da indústria fonográfica no Brasil. Nascido na Síria, Midani chegou ao Brasil nos anos 50, ingressando imediatamente na indústria. Sua trajetória, desenvolvida especialmente nas gravadoras Odeon (EMI, Phillips/Polygram (Universal Music e Warner, está profundamente ligadas a importantes movimentos da música popular brasileira como a Bossa Nova, o Tropicalismo, a Brazilian Black Music e o Rock Brasileiros dos anos 80. Além disso, o modelo de atuação empregado por Midani- baseado, segundo suas palavras, na promoção do artista e não da música- pode oferecer um interessante contraponto para a discussão do cenário atual e da crise que parece atingir globalmente a indústria do disco.

  14. Faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, René-André Coulon architecte

    Franck Delorme

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Au sortir de la seconde guerre mondiale, les facultés bordelaises étouffent dans leurs locaux du centre-ville édifiés sous la troisième République. Un ambitieux programme de transferts des établissements universitaires vers les banlieues de Pessac, Talence et Gradignan se met en place à partir des années 1950. L’architecte René-André Coulon (1908-1997 conçoit la faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, envisagée alors comme une véritable faculté « pour l’an 2000 ». Tout en disposant largement les différents bâtiments dans l’espace du campus, Coulon s’attache à leur donner un style original, tout empreint de rigueur et de rationalisme, mais qui montre également quelques écarts notables avec les normes régissant alors les constructions universitaires. Talence est la première réalisation universitaire de Coulon, qui travaillera par la suite sur des programmes fort différents, qu’il s’agisse du campus de HEC à Jouy-en-Josas ou de celui de la faculté des sciences de Paris-centre avec Édouard Albert.

  15. The Cape San Blas Ecological Study

    Lamont, Margaret M.; Percival, H. Franklin; Pearlstine, Leonard G.; Colwell, Sheila V.; Kitchens, Wiley M.; Carthy, Raymond R.

    1997-01-01

    Eglin AFB on Cape San Blas consists of approximately 250 acres located about 180 miles east of the main Eglin reservation. This area lies on the S1. Joseph peninsula, part of a dynamic barrier island chain that extends across the northern Gulf of Mexico. Due to the natural forces that formed Cape San Blas and those that maintain this area, St. Joseph Peninsula has experienced severe land form change over time (see GIS land form change maps). These changes allow for fluctuations...

  16. San Onofre Unit 1 decommissioning

    Nuclear plant decommissioning presents several challenges in radiation protection. The plant demolition must consider radiation protection for workers, protection of the public, and careful material management. Decommissioning of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS) Unit 1 presented some additional challenges. Including complete removal of above ground structures this can be accomplished safely and efficiently. None of the low-level radioactive waste is unique to decommissioning although transportation of large components can be a significant challenge. Proven techniques are available to handle Greater than Class C waste (highly activated reactor internals) and spent fuel. A considerable challenge is the disposing of the very large volume of potentially clean material. There is a high cost to survey and decontaminate materials. Moreover, in the US today there are no standards for the clearance of potentially contaminated volumetric materials. Careful planning is necessary to determine the most cost-effective means for waste management, whether it includes decontamination and surveys or simple disposal. Lastly, existing ALARA programs with some minor modifications provide sufficient worker and public protection from radiation

  17. Patch-Based Generative Shape Model and MDL Model Selection for Statistical Analysis of Archipelagos

    Ganz, Melanie; Nielsen, Mads; Brandt, Sami

    We propose a statistical generative shape model for archipelago-like structures. These kind of structures occur, for instance, in medical images, where our intention is to model the appearance and shapes of calcifications in x-ray radio graphs. The generative model is constructed by (1) learning a patch-based dictionary for possible shapes, (2) building up a time-homogeneous Markov model to model the neighbourhood correlations between the patches, and (3) automatic selection of the model complexity by the minimum description length principle. The generative shape model is proposed as a probability distribution of a binary image where the model is intended to facilitate sequential simulation. Our results show that a relatively simple model is able to generate structures visually similar to calcifications. Furthermore, we used the shape model as a shape prior in the statistical segmentation of calcifications, where the area overlap with the ground truth shapes improved significantly compared to the case where the prior was not used.

  18. Restrictions on the compatibility of equipment in archipelago countries: PERTAMINA experiences in Indonesia

    Being an archipelago state, the sea area of Indonesia is four times larger than its land area. Oil and natural gas play significant roles in the country's economic development. These activities at sea are showing signs of increasing, inevitably rendering the marine environment and living resources vulnerable to oil spills. Accidents, particularly grounding and collision occurrences in Malacca and the Singapore Straits sea lanes pose imminent threats. At PERTAMINA, the state-owned oil, gas and geothermal enterprise, oil spill contingency planning is entrusted to the Corporate Center for Environment Protection, Health and Safety. Marine activities are managed under the Directorate of Shipping, Harbour and Communication. In this paper oil spill response planning and coordination activities, which are based on the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA) tiered preparedness concept, are described. The tiered preparedness concept addresses the limited availability of equipment, and incorporates specific response plans for each type of spill scenario (e.g. passing tanker, loading/unloading ship at terminal, major inland spill, etc), for each area of operation. It also specifies the type of equipment that must be available in the area to respond to the type of spill (using the concept of maximum credible spill in each case) that may occur in that area. 5 figs

  19. Restrictions on the compatibility of equipment in archipelago countries: PERTAMINA experiences in Indonesia

    Suwasono, D.; Putri, E. T. [PERTAMINA - Corporate Center for Environment Protection, Health and Safety (Indonesia)

    1997-10-01

    Being an archipelago state, the sea area of Indonesia is four times larger than its land area. Oil and natural gas play significant roles in the country`s economic development. These activities at sea are showing signs of increasing, inevitably rendering the marine environment and living resources vulnerable to oil spills. Accidents, particularly grounding and collision occurrences in Malacca and the Singapore Straits sea lanes pose imminent threats. At PERTAMINA, the state-owned oil, gas and geothermal enterprise, oil spill contingency planning is entrusted to the Corporate Center for Environment Protection, Health and Safety. Marine activities are managed under the Directorate of Shipping, Harbour and Communication. In this paper oil spill response planning and coordination activities, which are based on the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA) tiered preparedness concept, are described. The tiered preparedness concept addresses the limited availability of equipment, and incorporates specific response plans for each type of spill scenario (e.g. passing tanker, loading/unloading ship at terminal, major inland spill, etc), for each area of operation. It also specifies the type of equipment that must be available in the area to respond to the type of spill (using the concept of maximum credible spill in each case) that may occur in that area. 5 figs.

  20. Summer mesozooplankton community of Moller Bay (Novaya Zemlya Archipelago, Barents Sea

    A. G. Dvoretsky

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Novaya Zemlya Archipelago is the eastern boundary of the Barents Sea. Theplankton of this region have been less intensively studied than thoseof other Arctic areas. This study of the mesozooplankton assemblage of Moller Bay was conducted in August2010. The total mesozooplankton abundance and biomass ranged from 962to 2980 individuals m-3 (mean ± SD: 2263 ± 921 indiv.m-3 and from 12.3 to 456.6 mg dry mass m-3 (mean ± SD:192 ± 170 DM m-3 respectively. Copepods and appendicularians werethe most numerous groups with Oithona similis, Pseudocalanusspp.,Acartiaspp., Calanus glacialis and Oikopleura vanhoeffennibeing the most abundant and frequent. Mesozooplankton abundance tendedto decrease with depth, whereas an inverse pattern was observed for the totalbiomass. Total mesozooplankton biomass was negatively correlated with watertemperature and positively correlated with salinity and chlorophyll aconcentration. Comparison with previous data showed significant interannualvariations in the total zooplankton stock in this region that may be due todifferences in sampling seasons, climatic conditions and the distribution ofpotential food sources (phytoplankton and seabird colonies.

  1. A new species of Echium (Boraginaceae from the island of Porto Santo (Madeira Archipelago

    Jardim, Roberto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A new species endemic from the island of Porto Santo (Madeira Archipelago is described as Echium portosanctensis J.A. Carvalho, Pontes, Batista-Marques & R. Jardim. Morphological studies based on reproductive and vegetative traits revealed a set of diagnostic characters confirming separation of E. portosanctensis from other recognized species at sectional level. A taxonomic diagnosis, a morphological description and illustrations of the new species are provided. Images, distribution maps, ecological data and a key for Madeiran species of Echium are also provided. Diagnostic characters, conservation status, threats and speciation mechanisms are discussed. In addition, reports on the occurrence of E. candicans on the island of Porto Santo are also discussed.Echium portosanctensis J.A. Carvalho, Pontes, Batista-Marques & R. Jardim se describe para la isla de Porto Santo (Achipilago de Madeira. Estudios morfolgicos basados en datos reproductivos y vegetativos revelan una serie de caracteres diagnsticos que confirman la separacin de E. portosanctensis de otras especies de su seccin. Se aportan una diagnosis taxonmica, una descripcin morfolgica e ilustraciones para esta nueva especie. Se presentan imgenes, mapas de distribucin, datos ecolgicos y una clave para las especies de Madeira. Se discuten los caracteres diagnsticos, el estado de conservacin, amenazas, y los mecanismos de especiacin. Tambin se discuten datos previos sobre la presencia de E. candicans en la isla de Porto Santo.

  2. Antioxidant Capacity, Cytotoxicity and Antimycobacterial Activity of Madeira Archipelago Endemic Helichrysum Dietary and Medicinal Plants

    Gouveia-Figueira, Sandra C.; Gouveia, Carla A.; Carvalho, Maria J.; Rodrigues, Ana I.; Nording, Malin L.; Castilho, Paula C.

    2014-01-01

    The potential bioactivity of dietary and medicinal endemic Helichrysum plants from Madeira Archipelago was explored, for the first time, in order to supply new information for the general consumer. In vitro antioxidant properties were investigated using DPPH, ABTS•+, FRAP and β-Carotene assays, and the total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) were also determined. Although the results generally showed a large variation among the three analyzed plants, the methanolic extracts showed the highest antioxidant capacity. Exception is made for H. devium n-hexane extract that showed good radical scavenger capacity associated to compounds with good reducing properties. In the Artemia salina toxicity assay and antimycobaterial activity, H. devium was the most potent plant with the lowest LD50 at 216.7 ± 10.4 and MIC ≤ 50 μg·mL−1. Chemometric evaluation (Principal Component Analysis—PCA) showed close interdependence between the ABTS, TPC and TFC methods and allowed to group H. devium samples. PMID:26785236

  3. Historical change of mercury pollution in remote Yongle archipelago, South China Sea.

    Liu, Xiaodong; Xu, Liqiang; Chen, Qianqian; Sun, Liguang; Wang, Yuhong; Yan, Hong; Liu, Yi; Luo, Yuhan; Huang, Jing

    2012-04-01

    We collected three ornithogenic coral sand sedimentary profiles from Jinyin Island, Jinqing Island and Guangjin Island of Yongle archipelago, South China Sea and reconstructed the deposition flux of anthropogenic Hg over the past 700 years in the study area. On the whole, the anthropogenic Hg flux is relatively low; it remained at a low level before the Industrial Revolution with a small peak at about 1450-1550 AD, which may record the enhanced metallurgy activity in Ming Dynasty of China. During the 20th century, the deposition flux of anthropogenic Hg increased rapidly, but two troughs occurred during the periods around 1940s and 1970s, corresponding to the economic depression caused by World War II, Civil War in China (1945-1949), and the Culture Revolution (1966-1976) in China. Since the 1970s the deposition flux of anthropogenic Hg has been persistently increasing, apparently the result of fast economic development in East and Southeast Asia countries around South China Sea. PMID:22284978

  4. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air from Nisyros Island (Dodecanese Archipelago, Greece): Natural versus anthropogenic sources

    This study presents the chemical composition of VOCs in air and gas discharges collected at Nisyros Island (Dodecanese Archipelago, Greece). The main goals are i) to discriminate between natural and anthropogenic VOC sources and ii) to evaluate their impact on local air quality. Up to 63 different VOCs were recognized and quantitatively determined in 6 fumaroles and 19 air samples collected in the Lakki caldera, where fumarolic emissions are located, and the outer ring of the island, including the Mandraki village and the main harbor. Air samples from the crater area show significant concentrations of alkanes, alkenes, cyclic, aromatics, and S- and O-bearing heterocycles directly deriving from the hydrothermal system, as well as secondary O-bearing compounds from oxidation of primary VOCs. At Mandraki village, C6H6/Σ(methylated aromatics) and Σ(linear)/Σ(branched) alkanes ratios 2O–CO2–H2S rich and discharge a large variety of VOC species. •Benzene/toluene ratios identify anthropogenic and natural sources of VOCs in air. •Aldehydes in air are produced by oxidation of alkanes and alkenes. •Geogenic furans and hydrogenated halocarbons in air are recalcitrant. -- Anthropogenic and natural VOCs in air are distinguished on the basis of aromatic, O-substituted, S-substituted and halogenated compounds

  5. Genome-wide SNP analysis explains coral diversity and recovery in the Ryukyu Archipelago.

    Shinzato, Chuya; Mungpakdee, Sutada; Arakaki, Nana; Satoh, Noriyuki

    2015-01-01

    Following a global coral bleaching event in 1998, Acropora corals surrounding most of Okinawa island (OI) were devastated, although they are now gradually recovering. In contrast, the Kerama Islands (KIs) only 30 km west of OI, have continuously hosted a great variety of healthy corals. Taking advantage of the decoded Acropora digitifera genome and using genome-wide SNP analyses, we clarified Acropora population structure in the southern Ryukyu Archipelago (sRA). Despite small genetic distances, we identified distinct clusters corresponding to specific island groups, suggesting infrequent long-distance dispersal within the sRA. Although the KIs were believed to supply coral larvae to OI, admixture analyses showed that such dispersal is much more limited than previously realized, indicating independent recovery of OI coral populations and the necessity of local conservation efforts for each region. We detected strong historical migration from the Yaeyama Islands (YIs) to OI, and suggest that the YIs are the original source of OI corals. In addition, migration edges to the KIs suggest that they are a historical sink population in the sRA, resulting in high diversity. This population genomics study provides the highest resolution data to date regarding coral population structure and history. PMID:26656261

  6. Summertime community structure of intertidal macrobenthos in Changdao Archipelago, Shandong Province, China

    Wang, Xiaochen; Li, Xinzheng; Li, Baoquan; Wang, Hongfa

    2009-09-01

    The community structure of intertidal macrobenthos in Changdao Archipelago (north of Shandong Peninsula, between Bohai Bay and the northern Yellow Sea) was examined based on samples collected from 14 stations in five transects in June 2007. Three stations corresponding to high, medium and low tidal areas were set up for each transect. A total of 68 macrobenthic species were found in the research region, most of which belonged to Mollusca and Crustacea. The average abundance and biomass of the macrobenthos was 1 383 ind./m2 and 372.41 g/m2, respectively. The use of an arbitrary similarity level of 20% resulted in identification of five groups among the 14 stations in the research region. There were remarkable differences in the biomass, abundance and Shannon-Wiener diversity index of the different sediments. Specifically, the order of biomass was rocky shores > gravel > mud-sand > coarse sand > stiff mud, while the order of abundance was rocky shores > coarse sand > mud-sand > gravel > stiff mud, and that of the diversity index was mud-sand > gravel > stiff mud > rocky shores > coarse sand. The above results revealed that the sediment type was the most important factor affecting the structure of the macrobenthic community of the intertidal zone.

  7. Spatial distribution of oxygen-18 and deuterium in stream waters across the Japanese archipelago

    M. Katsuyama

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The spatial distribution of oxygen and hydrogen isotopic composition (δ18O and δ2H of stream waters across Japan was clarified with a data set compiling sample data obtained from 1278 forest catchments during the summer of 2003. Both δ18O and δ2H values showed positive correlations with the mean annual air temperature and annual evapotranspiration, and negative correlations with latitude and elevation. Deuterium excess (d excess values in stream waters were higher on the Sea of Japan side, and lower on the Pacific Ocean side, of the Japanese archipelago. The d excess in precipitation was generally higher in winter and lower in summer in Japan. The Sea of Japan side experiences a great deal of snowfall, and seasonal changes in monthly precipitation are rather small. In contrast, the Pacific Ocean side experiences a large amount of rainfall during summer with low levels of precipitation during the winter. Therefore, the lower d excess in stream waters on the Pacific Ocean side reflects summer precipitation, and the higher values on the Sea of Japan side are affected by delayed recharge from snowmelt. The isoscapes of stream water connote not only spatially integrated but also temporally integrated isotope signals of precipitation, and provide a framework for addressing applied hydrological, ecological, or meteorological research questions at regional scales, such as the effects of climate change.

  8. Integrating terrestrial and marine archives of Late Wisconsinan ice stream dynamics in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago

    Lakeman, Thomas; Blasco, Steve; MacLean, Brian; Bennett, Robbie; England, John; Hughes Clarke, John; Covill, Bob; Patton, Eric

    2014-05-01

    During Late Wisconsinan glaciation the northern Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets converged over the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. This ice sheet complex included several major ice streams, which constituted important dynamical components. Discharging into the Beaufort Sea and Baffin Bay, these ice streams were a primary control on ice sheet mass balance and ice age sedimentation on adjacent continental margins, including the Arctic Ocean basin. This study presents a new compilation of multibeam echosounder data, sub-bottom profiler data, radiocarbon ages, and marine sediment cores acquired primarily during regional surveys with the CCGS Amundsen. These data characterize the nature and thickness of seafloor sediments in Parry Channel (and many of its connecting channels) and Amundsen Gulf. When combined with the results of terrestrial geomorphological mapping of the adjacent islands, this dataset constrains the maximum extent, chronology, and behaviour of former ice streams in M'Clure Strait, Viscount Melville Sound, Lancaster Sound, and Amundsen Gulf. Importantly, these data highlight complex patterns of past ice stream flow during regional deglaciation. These results contribute to a better understanding of the causal mechanisms that occasioned retreat of the terrestrial and marine sectors of the Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets. As well, this study helps to quantify past iceberg fluxes to the Arctic Ocean, which has implications for assessing past climate, and the origin of ice-rafted sediment and deep iceberg scours in the Arctic Ocean basin.

  9. Circulation in the Philippine Archipelago Simulated by 1/12 and 1/25 Global HYCOM and EAS NCOM

    Harley E. Hurlburt

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Three ocean models, 1/25 global HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM, 1/12 global HYCOM, and EAS NCOM nested in global NCOM, were used to provide a global context for simulation of the circulation within the Philippine Archipelago as part of the Philippines Experiment (PhilEx. The Philippine Archipelago provides two significant secondary routes for both the Indonesian throughflow and the western boundary current of the Pacific northern tropical gyre. The deeper route enters the archipelago from the north through Mindoro Strait, after passing through Luzon Strait and the South China Sea. The second route enters directly from the Pacific via the shallow Surigao Strait and passes through Dipolog Strait downstream of the Bohol Sea. Both pathways exit via Sibutu Passage and the adjacent Sulu Archipelago along the southern edge of the Sulu Sea, and both are deeper than the pathway into the Indonesian Archipelago via Karimata Strait in the Java Sea. Within the Philippine Archipelago, these pathways make the dominant contribution to the mean circulation and much of its variability, while their outflow contributes to the flow through Makassar Strait, the primary conduit of the Indonesian throughflow, at all depths above the Sibutu Passage sill. Because of the narrow straits and small interior seas, the simulations are very sensitive to model resolution (4.4 km in 1/25 global HYCOM, 8.7 km in 1/12 global HYCOM, and 9.6 km in EAS NCOM in this latitude range and to topographic errors, especially sill depths. The model simulations for 2004 and 2008 (the latter the central year of the PhilEx observational program show extreme opposite anomalous years with anomalously strong southward Mindoro transport in 2004 and mean northward transport in 2008, but with little effect on the Surigao-Dipolog transport. Satellite altimetry verified the associated HYCOM sea surface height anomalies in the western tropical Pacific and the South China Sea during these extreme years. A 15-month (December 2007March 2009 PhilEx mooring in Mindoro Strait measured velocity nearly top to bottom at a location close to the sill. The 1/12 global HYCOM, which showed the strongest flow above 200 m lay west of the mooring, was used to adjust a Mindoro transport estimate from the mooring data for cross-sectional distribution of the velocity, giving 0.24 Sv northward over the anomalous observational period. The results from the observational period were then used to adjust the 20042009 model transport, giving a mean of 0.95 Sv southward. The 1/25 global HYCOM simulated the observed four-layer flow in Dipolog Strait and the vigorous and persistent cyclonic gyre in the western Bohol Sea, observed during all four PhilEx cruises and in ocean color imagery. This gyre was poorly simulated by the two models with ~ 9 km resolution. Finally, a 1/12 global HYCOM simulation with tides generated the hydrostatic aspect of the internal tides within the Philippine Archipelago, including a strong internal tidal beam initiated at Sibutu Passage and observed crossing the Sulu Sea.

  10. Abrupt along-strike change in tectonic style: San Andreas fault zone, San Francisco Peninsula

    Zoback, M.L.; Jachens, R.C.; Olson, J.A.

    1999-01-01

    Seismicity and high-resolution aeromagnetic data are used to define an abrupt change from compressional to extensional tectonism within a 10- to 15-km-wide zone along the San Andreas fault on the San Francisco Peninsula and offshore from the Golden Gate. This 100-km-long section of the San Andreas fault includes the hypocenter of the Mw = 7.8 1906 San Francisco earthquake as well as the highest level of persistent microseismicity along that ???470-km-long rupture. We define two distinct zones of deformation along this stretch of the fault using well-constrained relocations of all post-1969 earthquakes based a joint one-dimensional velocity/hypocenter inversion and a redetermination of focal mechanisms. The southern zone is characterized by thrust- and reverse-faulting focal mechanisms with NE trending P axes that indicate "fault-normal" compression in 7- to 10-km-wide zones of deformation on both sides of the San Andreas fault. A 1- to 2-km-wide vertical zone beneath the surface trace of the San Andreas is characterized by its almost complete lack of seismicity. The compressional deformation is consistent with the young, high topography of the Santa Cruz Mountains/Coast Ranges as the San Andreas fault makes a broad restraining left bend (???10??) through the southernmost peninsula. A zone of seismic quiescence ???15 km long separates this compressional zone to the south from a zone of combined normal-faulting and strike-slip-faulting focal mechanisms (including a ML = 5.3 earthquake in 1957) on the northernmost peninsula and offshore on the Golden Gate platform. Both linear pseudo-gravity gradients, calculated from the aeromagnetic data, and seismic reflection data indicate that the San Andreas fault makes an abrupt ???3-km right step less than 5 km offshore in this northern zone. A similar right-stepping (dilatational) geometry is also observed for the subparallel San Gregorio fault offshore. Persistent seismicity and extensional tectonism occur within the San Andreas right stepover region and at least 15 km along-strike both to the SE and NW. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake may have nucleated within the San Andreas right stepover, which may help explain the bilateral nature of rupture of this event. Our analysis suggests two seismic hazards for the San Francisco Peninsula in addition to the hazard associated with a M = 7 to 8 strike-slip earthquake along the San Andreas fault: the potential for a M ??? 6 normal-faulting earthquake just 5-8 km west of San Francisco and a M = 6+ thrust faulting event in the southern peninsula.

  11. PMMA/SAN and SAN/PBT nanoblends obtained by blending extrusion using thermodynamics and microrheogy basis

    Costa, L. C.; E. Hage; A. Ternes Neto

    2014-01-01

    Styrene-Acrylonitrile (SAN) copolymer has been blended to poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and to poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) to obtain polymer nanoblends based on thermodynamics and microrheological aspects. PMMA/SAN and SAN/PBT blends show miscibility windows for a specific range of acrylonitrile (AN) content in the SAN copolymer. The phase diagram for both blends has been calculated using the interaction energy density parameter B as function of AN content in the SAN. A critical int...

  12. 77 FR 66499 - Environmental Impact Statement: San Bernardino and Los Angeles Counties, CA

    2012-11-05

    ... Hospitality Lane, San Bernardino, California 92408 (2) Sheraton Ontario Airport Hotel, 429 North Vineyard... the Hilton San Bernardino, 285 East Hospitality Lane, San Bernardino, California 92408 (2)...

  13. The San Andreas Fault 'Supersite' (Invited)

    Hudnut, K. W.

    2013-12-01

    An expanded and permanent Supersite has been proposed to the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) for the San Andreas Fault system, based upon the successful initial Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Geohazard Supersite for the Los Angeles region from 2009-2013. As justification for the comprehensive San Andreas Supersite, consider the earthquake history of California, in particular the devastating M 7.8 San Francisco earthquake of 1906, which occurred along the San Andreas Fault, as did an earthquake of similar magnitude in 1857 in southern California. Los Angeles was only a small town then, but now the risk exposure has increased for both of California's megacities. Between the San Francisco and Los Angeles urban areas lies a section of the San Andreas Fault known to creep continually, so it has relatively less earthquake hazard. It used to be thought of as capable of stopping earthquakes entering it from either direction. Transitional behavior at either end of the creeping section is known to display a full range of seismic to aseismic slip events and accompanying seismicity and strain transient events. Because the occurrence of creep events is well documented by instrumental networks such as CISN and PBO, the San Andreas Supersite can be expected to be especially effective. A good baseline level of geodetic data regarding past events and strain accumulation and release exists. Many prior publications regarding the occurrence of geophysical phenomena along the San Andreas Fault system mean that in order to make novel contributions, state-of-the-art science will be required within this Supersite region. In more recent years, the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake struck adjacent to the San Andreas Fault and caused the most damage along the western side of the San Francisco Bay Area. More recently, the concern has focused on the potential for future events along the Hayward Fault along the eastern side of San Francisco Bay. In Southern California, earthquakes struck in 1992 (Landers), 1994 (Northridge) and 1999 (Hector Mine) as well as the 2010 El Mayor - Cucapah (EM-C) earthquake (just south of the US-Mexico border). Of these four notable events, all produced extensive surface faulting except for the 1994 Northridge event, which was close to the Los Angeles urban area on a buried thrust fault. Northridge caused by far the most destruction, topping $20B (US) and resulting in 57 fatalities due to its location under an urban area. The Landers, Hector Mine and EM-C events occurred in desert areas away from major urban centers, and each proved to be a new and unique test-bed for making rapid progress in earthquake science and creative use of geodetic imagery. InSAR studies were linked to GPS deformation and mapping of surface ruptures and seismicity in a series of important papers about these earthquakes. The hazard in California remains extremely high, with tens of millions of people living in close proximity to the San Andreas Fault system as it runs past both San Francisco and Los Angeles. Dense in-situ networks of seismic and geodetic instruments are continually used for research and earthquake monitoring, as well as development of an earthquake early warning capability. Principles of peer review from funding agencies and open data availability will be observed for all data. For all of these reasons, the San Andreas Fault system is highly appropriate for consideration as a world-class permanent Supersite in the GEO framework.

  14. 78 FR 53245 - Safety Zone; San Diego Bayfair; Mission Bay, San Diego, CA

    2013-08-29

    ... Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History... Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on July 15, 2013 (78 FR 42027). The Coast Guard received no comments on the NPRM... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Bayfair; Mission Bay, San...

  15. 78 FR 29025 - Sea World San Diego Fireworks 2013 Season; Mission Bay, San Diego, CA

    2013-05-17

    ... FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Sea World San Diego Fireworks 2013 Season; Mission Bay, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  16. 78 FR 38584 - Safety Zone; San Diego Symphony Summer POPS Fireworks 2013 Season, San Diego, CA

    2013-06-27

    ... FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Symphony Summer POPS Fireworks 2013 Season, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The...

  17. 76 FR 1386 - Safety Zone; Centennial of Naval Aviation Kickoff, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2011-01-10

    ... Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Centennial of Naval Aviation Kickoff, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY:...

  18. 77 FR 60899 - Safety Zone; Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA

    2012-10-05

    ... DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  19. 77 FR 42638 - Safety Zone: Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA

    2012-07-20

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone: Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  20. 78 FR 42027 - Safety Zone; San Diego Bayfair; Mission Bay, San Diego, CA

    2013-07-15

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice... Federal Register (73 FR 3316). 4. Public meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Bayfair; Mission Bay, San...

  1. 77 FR 42649 - Safety Zone: Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA

    2012-07-20

    ... FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone: Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  2. 78 FR 39610 - Safety Zone; Big Bay Boom, San Diego Bay; San Diego, CA

    2013-07-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Big Bay Boom, San Diego Bay; San Diego, CA... Fourth of July Big Bay Boom Fireworks display on the evening of July 4, 2013. These temporary safety... Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information...

  3. 78 FR 29289 - Safety Zone; Big Bay Boom, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    2013-05-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Big Bay Boom, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA... Big Bay Boom Fireworks display from 8:45 p.m. to 10 p.m. on July 4, 2013. These proposed safety zones... Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A....

  4. 76 FR 81371 - Safety Zone; San Francisco New Year's Eve Fireworks Display, San Francisco, CA

    2011-12-28

    ...The Coast Guard will enforce the safety zone for the annual San Francisco New Year's Eve Fireworks Display in the Captain of the Port, San Francisco area of responsibility during the dates and times noted below. This action is necessary to protect life and property of the maritime public from the hazards associated with the fireworks display. During the enforcement period, unauthorized persons......

  5. Particularidades del escurrimiento de la cuenca cubana San Juan / Runoff particularities of Cuban basin San Juan

    Katia Luisa, Rosario Rodrguez; Viera, Petrova Nicolaevna; Alberto, Cullar Valenzuela; Dailene, Acosta Freyre; Armando, Hernndez Valds; Hayde, Llanusa Ruiz.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La cuenca San Juan, dividida en las subcuencas San Juan, San Agustn y Caas, difiere totalmente de otras cuencas de la provincia. Los altos valores de los mdulos del escurrimiento medio de los ros y sus distribuciones dentro del ao e hiperanual confirman esta particularidad, la cual fue comproba [...] da con las investigaciones complementarias realizadas durante el periodo seco del 2011. El anlisis del comportamiento del escurrimiento de la subcuenca San Agustn-Caas, incluyendo el funcionamiento del trasvase MatanzasMayabeque, conllev a los decisores a desarrollar un programa de gestin integrada de los recursos hdricos de esta cuenca. Abstract in english The San Juan basin, divided into sub-basins San Juan, San Agustn and Caas, is completely different from other basins in the province. The high modular values of average river runoff, its within-year distribution and its overyear distribution confirm this peculiarity, which was checked with additio [...] nal research conducted during the dry period of 2011. The behavior of the subbasin runoff of San Agustn-Caas, including the operation of the water diversion canal MatanzasMayabeque, led the decision makers to develop an integrated water resources management program for this basin.

  6. Una Visita al Viejo San Juan (A Visit to Old San Juan).

    Cabello, Victor; And Others

    Written in Spanish, this black and white illustrated booklet provides a tour of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico's oldest and most historic city. Brief historical information is provided on the Perro de San Jeronimo, a statue of a barking dog found in front of the Castillo; Plaza de Colon, a small plaza dedicated to Christopher Columbus; the Catedral de…

  7. municipios Maracaibo y San Francisco

    Rosa E. Ortiz

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de las Organizaciones No Gubernamentales estuvo dirigido a caracterizar la diversidad de grupos y asociaciones que bajo el termino genérico de ONG’s existen en los municipios Maracaibo y San Francisco, los más poblados y relevantes en la vida política, económica, social y cultural del estado Zulia-Venezuela. Se planteó una investigación exploratoria y descriptiva. El resultado permitió reconocer a Existe un crecimiento sostenido de las ONG en estos municipios: b los sectores con mayor concentración son el de salud; educación; deporte y recreación; arte y cultura. c Las instituciones que promueven más organizaciones son la iglesia y el Estado, lo que supone es este último caso una reducción de las funciones que le corresponden, además de la minimización de costos y conflictos laborales. d Ambivalencia en la orientación de su funcionamiento: Algunas ONG’s implementan prácticas próximas a la mercantilización de los servicios con lo cual legitiman estrategias del modelo económico neoliberal mientras otras contribuyen a fortalecer la democratización de los servicios públicos. Se concluye que el crecimiento y características de las ONGs en estos municipios estuvo vinculado en los noventa y comienzos de la década de 2000 por la aplicación de las políticas públicas neoliberales.

  8. Andrés Barba, Versiones de Teresa : Anagrama, Barcelona, 2006, 204 pp.

    Pellicer, Gemma

    2008-01-01

    Andrés Barba (Madrid, 1975) se dio a conocer como escritor con la novela corta El hueso que más duele (Premio Ramón J. Sender 1997), a la que siguieron La hermana de Katia (finalista del Premio Herralde 2001), Ahora tocad música de baile (2004) y Versiones de Teresa (Premio Torrente Ballester 2005), la novela que aquí nos ocupa. También cuenta en su haber con un libro de relatos, La recta intención (2002) y otro infantil, Historia de nadas (2006). Licenciado en Filología Hispánica por la Univ...

  9. Fishery of the Green Jack Caranx caballus (Osteichytes: Carangidae) in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama

    James M., Mair; Roberto, Cipriani; Hector M., Guzman; David, Usan.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El jurel verde o cojina, Caranx caballus, se distribuye a lo largo de la costa del Pacfico Oriental. En el Archipilago de Las Perlas, Panam, la cojina fue pescada sin control para sostener mercados locales hasta el 2007, fecha en la que esta regin fue declarada rea marina protegida. En este [...] primer estudio para Panam, se analizaron desde junio de 2005 a junio de 2006, 4 990 individuos en las descargas del Mercado Central de Mariscos provenientes de Las Perlas. La longitud media total de esta especie fue de 36.16.4cm y la longitud ptima, 38.9cm. Aproximadamente, 68% de los individuos muestreados poseen longitudes dentro de 10% de la longitud ptima, pero slo seis (15%) eran mega-reproductores. Los parmetros de la ecuacin de von Bertalanffy describen la especie como de larga vida y de rpido crecimiento, mientras que las tasas de mortalidad indican que la cojina est bajo una alta presin de pesca. La longitud estndar a la que la mitad de la poblacin es sexualmente madura es 38.8cm y el tamao de maduracin masiva, 33cm. Slo entre el 10-13% de los individuos muestreados son inmaduros. La cojina se reproduce 2-3 veces al ao, con picos en diciembre, abril y probablemente septiembre, y recluta a la poblacin por lo menos dos veces al ao. Los valores mnimos anuales del ndice ENSO/LNSO multivariado (MEI) son los mejores predictores de la CPUE de esta especie (R=0.54). Nuestros resultados demuestran que la cojina en el Pacfico Panameo est sobreexplotada por lo que recomendamos elevar la talla mnima de captura para permitir que aumente la proporcin de mega-reproductores en la poblacin con el fin de garantizar la sostenibilidad del recurso. Abstract in english Green Jacks, Caranx caballus, are distributed along the Eastern Pacific coast. In Panama, C. caballus was heavily fished around Las Perlas Archipelago to sustain local markets until 2007, when the archipelago was declared a marine protected area. This first study in Panama, analyzed a sample of 4 99 [...] 0 individuals from Las Perlas, obtained monthly from June 2005 to June 2006, from landings at the central fish market. Average total length was 36.16.4cm and optimum length 38.9cm. Approximately 68% of fish lengths were within 10% of the optimal length but only six (15%) were considered mega-spawners. The von Bertalanffy parameters describe a long-lived and fast growing species, while mortality rates revealed that C. caballus is under high fishing pressure. Standard length at which half of the population is mature was 38.8cm, and the size at which individuals matured massively, 33cm. Only 10-13% of the fish were immature. C. caballus reproduces two to three times per year, with peaks in December, April, and probably September, and recruits to the population at least twice per year. Catch per unit effort (CPUE) was best predicted by minimum annual values of the Multivariate ENSO/ LNSO Index (MEI) (R=0.54). Results show that C. caballus in Pacific Panama is overfished. We recommend the raising of the minimum capture/landing size of this species in order to increase the proportion of megaspawners in the population and guarantee the sustainability of this resource.

  10. Estimates of tidal mixing in the Indonesian archipelago from multidisciplinary INDOMIX in-situ data

    Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Atmadipoera, Agus; van Beek, Pieter; Madec, Gurvan; Aucan, Jrme; Lyard, Florent; Grelet, Jacques; Souhaut, Marc

    2015-12-01

    The Indonesian Mixing program (INDOMIX) was designed to quantify the very strong mixing that transforms Pacific waters into isohaline Indonesian Waters in the Indonesian archipelago. The turbulent dissipation rates and associated mixing were estimated and analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach that combines physical and geochemical in-situ observations: (1) direct measurements of the dissipation using a microstructure profiler, (2) use of density-based fine-scale methods applied to CTD and XCTD data, and (3) study of the vertical distribution of natural radionuclides (radium isotopes and actinium-227). Data were collected at five contrasting stations within the Indonesian archipelago, found above energetic straits or in relatively quiescent large basins. Strong instabilities, inversions of the density profiles and a very strong water mass transformation were observed. A wide range of dissipation values were obtained (between [10-10, 10-4] W kg-1) with spots of higher dissipation in the ocean interior correlated with a strong internal tide signal. Both the fine-scale and micro-scale methods allow us to identify very strong energy dissipation levels above the straits, ranging between [10-7, 10-4] W kg-1, in contrast to lower values at stations further away from the generation sites. The dissipation for the station located in the center of the Halmahera Sea ([10-9, 10-8] W kg-1) is stronger than for the Banda station ([10-11, 10-10] W kg-1), which is even further away from the generation sites. The three approaches agree relatively well and provide vertical eddy diffusivities values ranging between 510-4 and 510-1 m2 s-1, except in the Banda Sea where values are similar to the ones found in the open ocean (10-6 m2 s-1). CTD and XCTD profilers (deployed between stations) give estimates of dissipation all along the transit. It is found that enhanced mixing occurs preferentially above rough topography, such as in the Ombai Strait, the Halmahera Sea's northern entrance, the Buru strait and Sumba strait. Finestructure parameters are very sensitive to depth and dissipation, which differs between stations. We recommend more systematic microstructure measurement in order to tune these parameters. Surface mixing, at the base of the mixed layer is found to be very strong with values between [10-4, 10-3 m2 s-1]. These results confirm the modeling studies that suggest the occurrence of intensified subsurface mixing which cools the sea surface temperatures and thus strongly affects the mean and variability of the tropical climate. We conclude, therefore, that climate models need to take into account this intensified ocean mixing to properly represent the mean state of the atmosphere and its climate variability.

  11. Intrathermocline eddies at the Juan Fernández Archipelago, southeastern Pacific

    Isabel Andrade

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS results, combined with chlorophyll-α (Chl-α and satellite altimetry information as well as information from oceanographic cruises were analyzed to identify interactions between intrathermocline eddies (ITEs and the Juan Fernández Archipelago (JFA, and discuss their potential impact on surface Chl-α concentrations. The JFA is located off the coast of central Chile (33°S, and is composed of three main islands: Robinson Crusoe (RC, Alejandro Selkirk (AS and Santa Clara (SC. Results indicate that the surface and subsurface anticyclonic eddies that interact with the JFA are formed primarily within the coastal transition zone between 33° and 39°S. ITEs are present within the JFA region with a semiannual frequency, mainly during the austral autumn, and have a weak surface expression in relation to the adjacent surface eddies, with a slow displacement (1.16 to 1.4 km d-1 in a northwest direction and a coherent structure for periods of ≥ 1 year. During the ITEs' interaction with RC-SC islands and an adjacent seamount, a slight (prominent thermocline deflection of the upper limit (lower was observed. The horizontal extent (~70-100 km was greater than the internal Rossby deformation radius and the average vertical extent was ~400 m. The interaction between the weak surface expression of ITEs, identified with satellite altimetry, and the JFA persisted during autumn for nine weeks until reaching the winter period. Approximately one month after the beginning of the interaction between ITEs and the islands, increases in surface Chl-α associated with the eddy were observed, with values up to three times higher than adjacent oceanic waters.

  12. Indirect food web interactions: sea otters and kelp forest fishes in the Aleutian archipelago.

    Reisewitz, Shauna E; Estes, James A; Simenstad, Charles A

    2006-01-01

    Although trophic cascades-the effect of apex predators on progressively lower trophic level species through top-down forcing-have been demonstrated in diverse ecosystems, the broader potential influences of trophic cascades on other species and ecosystem processes are not well studied. We used the overexploitation, recovery and subsequent collapse of sea otter (Enhydra lutris) populations in the Aleutian archipelago to explore if and how the abundance and diet of kelp forest fishes are influenced by a trophic cascade linking sea otters with sea urchins and fleshy macroalgae. We measured the abundance of sea urchins (biomass density), kelp (numerical density) and fish (Catch per unit effort) at four islands in the mid-1980s (when otters were abundant at two of the islands and rare at the two others) and in 2000 (after otters had become rare at all four islands). Our fish studies focused on rock greenling (Hexagrammos lagocephalus), the numerically dominant species in this region. In the mid-1980s, the two islands with high-density otter populations supported dense kelp forests, relatively few urchins, and abundant rock greenling whereas the opposite pattern (abundant urchins, sparse kelp forests, and relatively few rock greenling) occurred at islands where otters were rare. In the 2000, the abundances of urchins, kelp and greenling were grossly unchanged at islands where otters were initially rare but had shifted to the characteristic pattern of otter-free systems at islands where otters were initially abundant. Significant changes in greenling diet occurred between the mid-1980s and the 2000 although the reasons for these changes were difficult to assess because of strong island-specific effects. Whereas urchin-dominated communities supported more diverse fish assemblages than kelp-dominated communities, this was not a simple effect of the otter-induced trophic cascade because all islands supported more diverse fish assemblages in 2000 than in the mid-1980s. PMID:16193296

  13. Petrology of ultramafic xenoliths in Cenozoic alkaline rocks of northern Madagascar (Nosy Be Archipelago)

    Rocco, Ivana; Lustrino, Michele; Zanetti, Alberto; Morra, Vincenzo; Melluso, Leone

    2013-01-01

    Late Miocene basanites of Nosy Be and Nosy Sakatia islands (Nosy Be Archipelago, northern Madagascar) carry spinel-facies anhydrous ultramafic xenoliths (lherzolites, harzburgites and wehrlites). Geothermobarometric estimates indicate that these xenoliths derive from shallow mantle depths of 35-40 km, with those from Nosy Be island showing equilibration T (averages in the range of 945-985 °C) lower than the Nosy Sakatia analogues (averages ranging from 1010 to 1110 °C). One Nosy Sakatia mantle xenolith exhibits relatively fertile lherzolite composition, with trace and major element mineral chemistry consistent with a residual character after low degrees (1-2%) of mafic melt extraction. We interpret this composition as that resembling a depleted mantle (DM)-like lithospheric composition before metasomatic overprints. The other lherzolites and harzburgites display petrochemical characters consistent with variable extent of partial melting (up to 18%), associated with pronounced metasomatic overprints caused by migrating melts, as highlighted by enrichments in highly incompatible trace elements (e.g. light rare earth elements, LREE and Sr), together with the abundant occurrence of wehrlitic lithologies. The variability of petrochemical features points to different styles of metasomatism and metasomatic agents. The estimated composition of the parental melts of wehrlites matches that of host basanites. The combination of this evidence with the petrographic features, characterized by coarse-granular to porphyroclastic textures and by the presence of olivine without kink-banding, suggests that wehrlites are veins or pockets of high pressure cumulates within the mantle peridotite. The same melts also metasomatized via porous-flow percolation some lherzolites and harzburgites. Distinctly, a group of lherzolites and harzburgites was metasomatized by a different alkaline melt having markedly lower incompatible trace element contents. Late infiltration of metasomatic fluids is responsible for the spongy texture of some clinopyroxenes of lherzolites, harzburgites and wehrlites.

  14. Satellite SST-Based Coral Disease Outbreak Predictions for the Hawaiian Archipelago

    Jamie M. Caldwell

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Predicting wildlife disease risk is essential for effective monitoring and management, especially for geographically expansive ecosystems such as coral reefs in the Hawaiian archipelago. Warming ocean temperature has increased coral disease outbreaks contributing to declines in coral cover worldwide. In this study we investigated seasonal effects of thermal stress on the prevalence of the three most widespread coral diseases in Hawai’i: Montipora white syndrome, Porites growth anomalies and Porites tissue loss syndrome. To predict outbreak likelihood we compared disease prevalence from surveys conducted between 2004 and 2015 from 18 Hawaiian Islands and atolls with biotic (e.g., coral density and abiotic (satellite-derived sea surface temperature metrics variables using boosted regression trees. To date, the only coral disease forecast models available were developed for Acropora white syndrome on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR. Given the complexities of disease etiology, differences in host demography and environmental conditions across reef regions, it is important to refine and adapt such models for different diseases and geographic regions of interest. Similar to the Acropora white syndrome models, anomalously warm conditions were important for predicting Montipora white syndrome, possibly due to a relationship between thermal stress and a compromised host immune system. However, coral density and winter conditions were the most important predictors of all three coral diseases in this study, enabling development of a forecasting system that can predict regions of elevated disease risk up to six months before an expected outbreak. Our research indicates satellite-derived systems for forecasting disease outbreaks can be appropriately adapted from the GBR tools and applied for a variety of diseases in a new region. These models can be used to enhance management capacity to prepare for and respond to emerging coral diseases throughout Hawai’i and can be modified for other diseases and regions around the world.

  15. Aesthetics and Empire: The Sense of Feminine Beauty in the Making of the US Imperial Archipelago

    Thompson, Lanny

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the “sense of beauty” in the United States imperial archipelago, composed of the island territories of Cuba, Hawai`i, Philippines, and Puerto Rico, all acquired in 1898. The theoretical connection among these two elements –aesthetics and empire– is provided by a revision of the concepts “economy of colonial desire” and “complex of visuality.” This paper analyzes the most advanced visual technology of the late nineteenth century: the mass- produced, printed photograph. In particular, it focuses upon the representations of feminine beauty as found the illustrated “new-possessions” books which described recent island acquisitions of the United States. The connections between aesthetics and the forms of governance in each territory will also be elucidated.Este artículo examina el “sentido de belleza” en el archipiélago imperial estadounidense, compuesto de los territorios isleños de Cuba, Hawai`i, Filipinas y Puerto Rico, todos adquiridos en 1898. La conexión teórica entre estos dos elementos –estética e imperio– se establece mediante una revisión de los conceptos de “economía de deseo colonial” y el “complejo de visualidad”. Este artículo analiza la tecnología visual más avanzada del siglo diecinueve tardío: la fotografía impresa. En particular, se enfoca en las representaciones de belleza femenina en los libros ilustrados de las “nuevas posesiones” los cuales describían las adquisiciones recientes de los Estados Unidos. También, se dilucidarán las conexiones entre estética y las formas de gobernanza en cada territorio.

  16. Summertime sources of dimethyl sulfide in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and Baffin Bay

    Mungall, E. L.; Croft, B.; Lizotte, M.; Thomas, J. L.; Murphy, J. G.; Levasseur, M.; Martin, R. V.; Wentzell, J. J. B.; Liggio, J.; Abbatt, J. P. D.

    2015-12-01

    Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) plays a major role in the global sulfur cycle. In addition, its atmospheric oxidation products contribute to the formation and growth of atmospheric aerosol particles, thereby influencing cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) populations and thus cloud formation. The pristine summertime Arctic atmosphere is a CCN-limited regime, and is thus very susceptible to the influence of DMS. However, atmospheric DMS mixing ratios have only rarely been measured in the summertime Arctic. During July-August 2014, we conducted the first high time resolution (10 Hz) DMS mixing ratio measurements for the Eastern Canadian Archipelago and Baffin Bay as one component of the Network on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments (NETCARE). DMS mixing ratios ranged from below the detection limit of 4 to 1155 pptv (median 186 pptv). A set of transfer velocity parameterizations from the literature coupled with our atmospheric and coincident seawater DMS measurements yielded air-sea DMS flux estimates ranging from 0.02-12 μmol m-2 d-1, the first published for this region in summer. Airmass trajectory analysis using FLEXPART-WRF and chemical transport modeling using GEOS-Chem indicated that local sources (Lancaster Sound and Baffin Bay) were the dominant contributors to the DMS measured along the 21 day ship track, with episodic transport from the Hudson Bay System. After adjusting GEOS-Chem oceanic DMS values in the region to match measurements, GEOS-Chem reproduced the major features of the measured time series, but remained biased low overall (median 67 pptv). We investigated non-marine sources that might contribute to this bias, such as DMS emissions from lakes, biomass burning, melt ponds and coastal tundra. While the local marine sources of DMS dominated overall, our results suggest that non-local and possibly non-marine sources episodically contributed strongly to the observed summertime Arctic DMS mixing ratios.

  17. Insecticide susceptibility of Aedes aegypti populations from Senegal and Cape Verde Archipelago

    Dia Ibrahima

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Two concomitant dengue 3 (DEN-3 epidemics occurred in Cape Verde Archipelago and Senegal between September and October 2009. Aedes aegypti was identified as the vector of these epidemics as several DEN-3 virus strains were isolated from this species in both countries. The susceptibility to pyrethroids, organochlorine, organophosphates and carbamate was investigated in two field strains of Aedes aegypti from both countries using WHO diagnostic bioassay kits in order to monitor their the current status of insecticide susceptibility. Findings The two tested strains were highly resistant to DDT. The Cape Verde strain was found to be susceptible to all others tested insecticides except for propoxur 0.1%, which needs further investigation. The Dakar strain was susceptible to fenitrothion 1% and permethrin 0.75%, but displayed reduced susceptibility to deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin and propoxur. Conclusions As base-line results, our observations stress a careful management of insecticide use for the control of Ae. aegypti. Indeed, they indicate that DDT is no longer efficient for the control of Ae. aegypti populations in Cape Verde and Dakar and further suggest a thorough follow-up of propoxur susceptibility status in both sites and that of deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin in Ae. aegypti populations in Dakar. Thus, regular monitoring of susceptibility is greatly needed as well as the knowing if this observed resistance/susceptibility is focal or not and for observed resistance, the use of biochemical methods is needed with detailed comparison of resistance levels over a large geographic area. Keywords Aedes aegypti, Insecticides, Susceptibility, Cape Verde, Senegal

  18. Winds of time: Lessons from Utö in the Stockholm Archipelago, 1990–2001

    When investigating the success or failure of different wind power projects, it is essential to take into account how they were historically situated. This study focuses on attempts to develop wind power in an archipelago setting, at Utö in Sweden. It has been argued that the development of Swedish wind power slowed during the 1990s; by revisiting the early days of wind power, looking at resistance and support, and connecting success factors, this can be further investigated. Whereas earlier research pointed out institutional conditions and site-specific conditions as crucial for successful wind power development and acceptance, the picture can be made more complete by discussing how wind power projects are affected by time-specific historical conditions. In the case of Utö, these can partly be associated with a newly launched political support program that gave the project political legitimacy and added a “pioneering spirit” to the endeavor. Conversely, when wind power is not seen as “pioneering” or “experimental” any more, but as a mere industrial activity, other incentives may need to be offered to municipalities. -- Highlights: •When evaluating wind power projects, the historical context is important to complement the picture. •The case of Utö is tells important lessons of the Swedish early 1990s. •Success factors in this case: political legitimacy, local support, pioneering spirit, promising technology. •This wind power establishment was not seen as a threat to recreation or landscape. •Lessons for today: how to deal with socio-political acceptance when wind power becomes “industrial”

  19. Summertime sources of dimethyl sulfide in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and Baffin Bay

    E. L. Mungall

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Dimethyl sulfide (DMS plays a major role in the global sulfur cycle. In addition, its atmospheric oxidation products contribute to the formation and growth of atmospheric aerosol particles, thereby influencing cloud condensation nuclei (CCN populations and thus cloud formation. The pristine summertime Arctic atmosphere is a CCN-limited regime, and is thus very susceptible to the influence of DMS. However, atmospheric DMS mixing ratios have only rarely been measured in the summertime Arctic. During July–August 2014, we conducted the first high time resolution (10 Hz DMS mixing ratio measurements for the Eastern Canadian Archipelago and Baffin Bay as one component of the Network on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments (NETCARE. DMS mixing ratios ranged from below the detection limit of 4 to 1155 pptv (median 186 pptv. A set of transfer velocity parameterizations from the literature coupled with our atmospheric and coincident seawater DMS measurements yielded air-sea DMS flux estimates ranging from 0.02–12 μmol m−2 d−1, the first published for this region in summer. Airmass trajectory analysis using FLEXPART-WRF and chemical transport modeling using GEOS-Chem indicated that local sources (Lancaster Sound and Baffin Bay were the dominant contributors to the DMS measured along the 21 day ship track, with episodic transport from the Hudson Bay System. After adjusting GEOS-Chem oceanic DMS values in the region to match measurements, GEOS-Chem reproduced the major features of the measured time series, but remained biased low overall (median 67 pptv. We investigated non-marine sources that might contribute to this bias, such as DMS emissions from lakes, biomass burning, melt ponds and coastal tundra. While the local marine sources of DMS dominated overall, our results suggest that non-local and possibly non-marine sources episodically contributed strongly to the observed summertime Arctic DMS mixing ratios.

  20. STUDY OF OCEAN CIRCULATION IN INDONESIAN ARCHIPELAGO SEA USING THREE DIMENSIONAL OCEAN MODEL

    I Dewa Nym. Nurweda P.,

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS was used to simulate the Indonesian Archipelago Sea current and temperature with two different vertical mixing schemes. One corresponds to the newly developed K-Profile Parameterization (KPP scheme and the other is adapted from the stability frequency of Brunt-Vaisala Frequency mixing (BVF. It is found that, both of schemes produce reasonably realistic sea surface temperature (SST; however, the root mean square error (RMSE values from the BVF vertical mixing were less than the KPP vertical mixing. The RMSE values from the BVF vertical mixing at northwest and southeast monsoons can be reduced down to 5.1607E-01 0C and 5.7639E-01 0C respectively. These validation results reveal that accuracy of the BVF vertical mixing is better than the KPP vertical mixing.The model results based on the BVF vertical mixing scheme show that the direction of Java Sea, Karimata and Sunda Straits surface current are strongly affected by the zonal wind system. The direction of surface current was change following the monsoonal wind system. On the other hand, the Makasar Strait surface current tend to flow southward throughout the year with annual variations in transport are related dynamically to the monsoon winds. These southward surface currents are known as Indonesian Through Flow (ITF and it is governed by strong pressure gradient from the Pacific to the Indian Oceans. The signals of El Nino 2002 event also can be detected by the model results. It recognized that the strong Equatorial Counter Current flows to eastward to the central part of the Pacific Ocean. The Makasar Strait surface current was stronger than usual but the Karimata Strait surface current was weaker during this period.