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Comparing two safety culture surveys: safety attitudes questionnaire and hospital survey on patient safety.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the reliability and predictive validity of two patient safety culture surveys-Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS)-when administered to the same participants. Also to determine the ability to convert HSOPS scores to SAQ scores. METHOD: Employees working in intensive care units in 12 hospitals within a large hospital system in the southern United States were invited to anonymously complete both safety culture surveys electronically. RESULTS: All safety culture dimensions from both surveys (with the exception of HSOPS's Staffing) had adequate levels of reliability. Three of HSOPS's outcomes-frequency of event reporting, overall perceptions of patient safety, and overall patient safety grade-were significantly correlated with SAQ and HSOPS dimensions of culture at the individual level, with correlations ranging from r=0.41 to 0.65 for the SAQ dimensions and from r=0.22 to 0.72 for the HSOPS dimensions. Neither the SAQ dimensions nor the HSOPS dimensions predicted the fourth HSOPS outcome-number of events reported within the last 12 months. Regression analyses indicated that HSOPS safety culture dimensions were the best predictors of frequency of event reporting and overall perceptions of patient safety while SAQ and HSOPS dimensions both predicted patient safety grade. Unit-level analyses were not conducted because indices did not indicate that aggregation was appropriate. Scores were converted between the surveys, although much variance remained unexplained. CONCLUSIONS: Given that the SAQ and HSOPS had similar reliability and predictive validity, investigators and quality and safety leaders should consider survey length, content, sensitivity to change and the ability to benchmark when selecting a patient safety culture survey.

Etchegaray JM; Thomas EJ

2012-06-01

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Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C). Hospitals and their healthcare workers participated in the survey on a voluntary basis. The psychometric properties of the five SAQ-C dimensions were examined, including teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions. Additional safety measures were asked to assess healthcare workers' attitudes toward their collaboration with nurses, physicians, and pharmacists, respectively, and perceptions of hospitals' encouragement of safety reporting, safety training, and delivery delays due to communication breakdowns in clinical areas. The associations between the respondents' attitudes to each SAQ-C dimension and safety measures were analyzed by generalized estimating equations, adjusting for the clustering effects at hospital levels. Results A total of 45,242 valid questionnaires were returned from 200 hospitals with a mean response rate of 69.4%. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.792 for teamwork climate, 0.816 for safety climate, 0.912 for job satisfaction, 0.874 for perception of management, and 0.785 for working conditions. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated a good model fit for each dimension and the entire construct. The percentage of hospital healthcare workers holding positive attitude was 48.9% for teamwork climate, 45.2% for perception of management, 42.1% for job satisfaction, 37.2% for safety climate, and 31.8% for working conditions. There were wide variations in the range of SAQ-C scores in each dimension among hospitals. Compared to those without positive attitudes, healthcare workers with positive attitudes to each SAQ dimension were more likely to perceive good collaboration with coworkers, and their hospitals were more likely to encourage safety reporting and to prioritize safety training programs (Wald chi-square test, p Conclusions Analytical results verified the psychometric properties of the SAQ-C at Taiwanese hospitals. The safety culture at most hospitals has not fully developed and there is considerable room for improvement.

Lee Wui-Chiang; Wung Hwei-Ying; Liao Hsun-Hsiang; Lo Chien-Ming; Chang Fei-Ling; Wang Pa-Chun; Fan Angela; Chen Hsin-Hsin; Yang Han-Chuan; Hou Sheng-Mou

2010-01-01

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Safety Culture in the Maternity Units: a census survey using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient safety has been a priority for many societies and health care systems in the last decades. Identification of preventable risks and aversion of potentially unsafe situations and fatal complications in maternity units is life saving. The explicit need to focus on quality of care underpins the aim of the study to initially evaluate the safety culture and teamwork climate in the public Maternity Units of the 5 Regional Hospitals in Cyprus as measured by a validated safety attitudes tool. Methods Data were collected from 140 midwives working in the public sector all over Cyprus by the Greek Version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-Labor version. Results One hundred and six (75.71%) registered midwives completed the questionnaire fully. The median of total work experience as a registered midwife was 3 years (IQR: 2-18.25); whereas the median of total working experience in the nursing and maternity units was 5 years (IQR: 2-21.75). Experienced midwives rated the following domains higher: team work, safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the midwives with less experience. Additionally those with a longer working life in the current maternity units rated these domains higher: safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the less experienced midwives. Conclusions The high mean total score on team work and safety climate in the more experienced group of midwives is a predominant finding for the maternity units of Cyprus. In Cyprus where facilities are small in size and midwives know each other, share more responsibility towards patient safety. It could be suggested that younger midwives need more support and teamwork practice to enhance the safety and teamwork climate towards self-confidence.

Raftopoulos Vasilios; Savva Nicos; Papadopoulou Maria

2011-01-01

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The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire as a tool for benchmarking safety culture in the NICU.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) safety culture, as measured by the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), varies widely. Associations with clinical outcomes in the adult intensive care unit setting make the SAQ an attractive tool for comparing clinical performance between hospitals. Little information is available on the use of the SAQ for this purpose in the NICU setting. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the dimensions of safety culture measured by the SAQ give consistent results when used as a NICU performance measure. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of caregivers in 12 NICUs, using the six scales of the SAQ: teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, stress recognition, perceptions of management and working conditions. NICUs were ranked by quantifying their contribution to overall risk-adjusted variation across the scales. Spearman rank correlation coefficients were used to test for consistency in scale performance. The authors then examined whether performance in the top four NICUs in one scale predicted top four performance in others. RESULTS: There were 547 respondents in 12 NICUs. Of 15 NICU-level correlations in performance ranking, two were >0.7, seven were between 0.4 and 0.69, and the six remaining were <0.4. The authors found a trend towards significance in comparing the distribution of performance in the top four NICUs across domains with a binomial distribution p=0.051, indicating generally consistent performance across dimensions of safety culture. CONCLUSION: A culture of safety permeates many aspects of patient care and organisational functioning. The SAQ may be a useful tool for comparative performance assessments among NICUs.

Profit J; Etchegaray J; Petersen LA; Sexton JB; Hysong SJ; Mei M; Thomas EJ

2012-03-01

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Assessing Safety Culture in Pharmacies: The psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden  

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Abstract Background Safety culture assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire; SAQ...

Nordén-Hägg Annika; Sexton J Bryan; Kälvemark-Sporrong Sofia; Ring Lena; Kettis-Lindblad Åsa

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Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), Generic version (Short Form 2006)  

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Abstract Background How to protect patients from harm is a question of universal interest. Measuring and improving safety culture in care giving units is an important strategy for promoting a safe environment for patients. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is the only instrum...

Deilkås Ellen T; Hofoss Dag

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Assessing the safety attitudes questionnaire (SAQ), German language version in Swiss university hospitals - a validation study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Improving patient safety has become a major focus of clinical care and research over the past two decades. An institution's patient safety climate represents an essential component of ensuring a safe environment and thereby can be vital to the prevention of adverse events. Covering six patient safety related factors, the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is a validated and widely used instrument to measure the patient safety climate in clinical areas. The objective of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the German language version of the SAQ. METHODS: A survey was carried out in two University Hospitals in Switzerland in autumn 2009 where the SAQ was distributed to a sample of 406 nurses and physicians in medical and surgical wards. Following the American Educational Research Association guidelines, we tested the questionnaire validity by levels of evidence: content validity, internal structure and relations to other variables. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine factor structure. Cronbach's alphas and inter-item correlations were calculated to examine internal consistency reliability. RESULTS: A total of 319 questionnaires were completed representing an overall response rate of 78.6%. For three items, the item content validity index was <0.75. Confirmatory factor analysis showed acceptable model fit (RMSEA = 0.045; CFI = 0.944) for the six-factor model. Additional exploratory factor analysis could not identify a better factor model. SAQ factor scores showed positive correlations with the Safety Organizing Scale (r = .56 - .72). The SAQ German version showed moderate to strong internal consistency reliability indices (Cronbach alpha = .65 - .83). CONCLUSIONS: The German language version of the SAQ demonstrated acceptable to good psychometric properties and therefore shows promise to be a sound instrument to measure patient safety climate in Swiss hospital wards. However, the low item content validity and large number of missing responses for several items suggest that improvements and adaptations in translation are required for select items, especially within the perception of management scale. Following these revisions, psychometric properties should reassessed in a randomly selected sample and hospitals and departments prior to use in Swiss hospital settings.

Zimmermann N; Küng K; Sereika SM; Engberg S; Sexton B; Schwendimann R

2013-09-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil. The instrument was applied in six hospitals in three regions of Brazil. Content, face, and construct validity was performed. Analysis of the instrument's reliability was performed by verifying the items' internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha. The sample was composed of 1301 professionals working in clinical and surgical wards of six hospitals. Confirmatory analysis showed that the model including 41 items was satisfactory. The Portuguese version presented an alpha of 0.89. The item-total correlations among the domains were moderate to strong, except for the domain Stress Recognition. We concluded that the instrument's version adapted to Portuguese and applied in our sample is valid and reliable. PMID:22991121

de Carvalho, Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima; Cassiani, Silvia Helena De Bortoli

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil. The instrument was applied in six hospitals in three regions of Brazil. Content, face, and construct validity was performed. Analysis of the instrument's reliability was performed by verifying the items' internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha. The sample was composed of 1301 professionals working in clinical and surgical wards of six hospitals. Confirmatory analysis showed that the model including 41 items was satisfactory. The Portuguese version presented an alpha of 0.89. The item-total correlations among the domains were moderate to strong, except for the domain Stress Recognition. We concluded that the instrument's version adapted to Portuguese and applied in our sample is valid and reliable.

de Carvalho RE; Cassiani SH

2012-05-01

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Swedish translation and psychometric testing of the safety attitudes questionnaire (operating room version).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Tens of millions of patients worldwide suffer from avoidable disabling injuries and death every year. Measuring the safety climate in health care is an important step in improving patient safety. The most commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The aim of the present study was to establish the validity and reliability of the translated version of the SAQ. METHODS: The SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context. The survey was then carried out with 374 respondents in the operating room (OR) setting. Data was received from three hospitals, a total of 237 responses. Cronbach's alpha and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the reliability and validity of the instrument. RESULTS: The Cronbach's alpha values for each of the factors of the SAQ ranged between 0.59 and 0.83. The CFA and its goodness-of-fit indices (SRMR 0.055, RMSEA 0.043, CFI 0.98) showed good model fit. Intercorrelations between the factors safety climate, teamwork climate, job satisfaction, perceptions of management, and working conditions showed moderate to high correlation with each other. The factor stress recognition had no significant correlation with teamwork climate, perception of management, or job satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, the Swedish translation and psychometric testing of the SAQ (OR version) has good construct validity. However, the reliability analysis suggested that some of the items need further refinement to establish sound internal consistency. As suggested by previous research, the SAQ is potentially a useful tool for evaluating safety climate. However, further psychometric testing is required with larger samples to establish the psychometric properties of the instrument for use in Sweden.

Göras C; Wallentin FY; Nilsson U; Ehrenberg A

2013-01-01

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Content validity and internal consistency of the Dutch translation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: an observational study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patient safety is fundamental to healthcare quality. Attention has recently focused on the patient safety culture of an organisation and its impact on patient outcomes. A strong safety climate appears to be an essential condition for safe patient care in the hospital. A number of instruments are used to measure this patient safety climate or culture. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire is a validated, widely used instrument to investigate multiple dimensions of safety climate at the clinical level in a variety of inpatient and outpatient settings. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to explore the face- and content validity and the internal consistency of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire in a large Belgian academic medical center. METHOD: The translation into Dutch was done by three researchers. A panel of fifteen Dutch speaking experts evaluated the translation and its content validity. Content validity was quantified by the content validity index (CVI) and a modified kappa index. Face validity was evaluated by two nurses and two physicians who assessed the Dutch version of the SAQ. A cross-sectional design was used to test internal consistency of the SAQ items by calculating Cronbach's alpha and corrected item-total correlations. RESULTS: Twenty-three of the 33 SAQ items showed excellent and seven items showed good content validity. One item had a fair kappa value (item 20) and two items had a low content validity index (items 15 and 16). The average CVI of the total scale was 0.83 and ranged from 0.55 to 0.97 for the six subscales. The face-validity was good with no fundamental remarks given. The SAQ's overall Cronbach's alpha was 0.9 and changed minimally when removing items. The item-total correlations ranged from 0.10 to 0.63, no single items were strongly correlated with the sum of the other items. CONCLUSION: We conclude that in this study the Dutch version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire showed acceptable to good psychometric properties. In line with previous evidence, this instrument seems to be an acceptable to adequate tool to evaluate the safety climate.

Devriendt E; Van den Heede K; Coussement J; Dejaeger E; Surmont K; Heylen D; Schwendimann R; Sexton B; Wellens NI; Boonen S; Milisen K

2012-03-01

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Safety climate in 5 intensive care units: a nationwide hospital survey using the Greek-Cypriot version of the safety attitudes questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patient safety is considered an antecedent of quality of hospital care. The explicit need to focus on quality of care underpins the aim of the study to evaluate the safety culture and teamwork climate in the public intensive care units (ICUs) of the 5 regional public hospitals in Cyprus as measured by a validated safety attitudes tool. METHODS: A questionnaire that included the Greek version of the generic version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire has been used in all public ICUs across Cyprus. RESULTS: There were 132 (76.7%) fully completed questionnaires of 172 registered nurses who are currently positioned in Cyprus ICUs. The mean age of the participants was 33.09 ± 08.16 years. The mean of the total working years as a nurse was 10.82 ± 8.47 years, whereas the mean of the total work experience in the ICU units was 6.05 ± 5.16 years. The sample's age strongly correlated with teamwork, nurses with more years of experience rated higher teamwork (P = .02), and their perceptions of management were better than those of the inexperienced nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Considerable safety climate variations between the ICUs of the regional hospitals of Cyprus have been verified. Age, infrastructure, the severity of cases, and the nurse skill mix are variables that affect the patient safety culture in an ICU environment.

Raftopoulos V; Pavlakis A

2013-02-01

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Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), Generic version (Short Form 2006)  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background How to protect patients from harm is a question of universal interest. Measuring and improving safety culture in care giving units is an important strategy for promoting a safe environment for patients. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is the only instrument that measures safety culture in a way which correlates with patient outcome. We have translated the SAQ to Norwegian and validated the translated version. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented in this article. Methods The questionnaire was translated with the back translation technique and tested in 47 clinical units in a Norwegian university hospital. SAQ's (the Generic version (Short Form 2006) the version with the two sets of questions on perceptions of management: on unit management and on hospital management) were distributed to 1911 frontline staff. 762 were distributed during unit meetings and 1149 through the postal system. Cronbach alphas, item-to-own correlations, and test-retest correlations were calculated, and response distribution analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed, as well as early validity tests. Results 1306 staff members completed and returned the questionnaire: a response rate of 68%. Questionnaire acceptability was good. The reliability measures were acceptable. The factor structure of the responses was tested by confirmatory factor analysis. 36 items were ascribed to seven underlying factors: Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Stress Recognition, Perceptions of Hospital Management, Perceptions of Unit Management, Working conditions, and Job satisfaction. Goodness-of-Fit Indices showed reasonable, but not indisputable, model fit. External validity indicators – recognizability of results, correlations with "trigger tool"-identified adverse events, with patient satisfaction with hospitalization, patient reports of possible maltreatment, and patient evaluation of organization of hospital work – provided preliminary validation. Conclusion Based on the data from Akershus University Hospital, we conclude that the Norwegian translation of the SAQ showed satisfactory internal psychometric properties. With data from one hospital only, we cannot draw strong conclusions on its external validity. Further validation studies linking the SAQ-scores to patient outcome data should be performed.

Deilkås Ellen T; Hofoss Dag

2008-01-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil Cuestionario de actitudes de seguridad: adaptación transcultural del Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para Brasil Questionário Atitudes de Segurança: adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil. The instrument was applied in six hospitals in three regions of Brazil. Content, face, and construct validity was performed. Analysis of the instrument's reliability was performed by verifying the items' internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha. The sample was composed of 1301 professionals working in clinical and surgical wards of six hospitals. Confirmatory analysis showed that the model including 41 items was satisfactory. The Portuguese version presented an alpha of 0.89. The item-total correlations among the domains were moderate to strong, except for the domain Stress Recognition. We concluded that the instrument's version adapted to Portuguese and applied in our sample is valid and reliable.El objetivo de este estudio fue el de adaptación transcultural del cuestionario Actitudes de Seguridad - Short Form 2006 para Brasil. Métodos: El instrumento fue aplicado en seis hospitales en tres regiones del Brasil. Se realizó la validez de contenido, la cara y la construcción. El análisis de confiabilidad del instrumento se realizó mediante el análisis de la consistencia interna de los ítems a través de alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: La muestra del estudio fue compuesto por 1.301 profesionales en salas clínicas y cirugía. El análisis confirmatorio mostró que el ajuste del modelo final de los 41 ítems fue satisfactorio. La versión en portugués del instrumento mostró un alfa de 0,89. Las correlaciones ítem-total entre los dominios se consideran entre moderados y fuertes, con la excepción de dominio Percepción del Estrés. Conclusión: Se concluye, que la versión adaptada del instrumento al portugués se considera válida y fiable en la muestra.O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar a adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil. O instrumento foi aplicado em seis hospitais de três Regiões do Brasil. Foi realizada a validade de conteúdo, face e de construto. A análise da confiabilidade do instrumento foi realizada por meio da análise da consistência interna dos itens por meio do alfa de Cronbach. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 1.301 profissionais das enfermarias clínicas e cirúrgicas de seis hospitais. A análise confirmatória mostrou que o ajuste do modelo final dos 41 itens foi considerado satisfatório. Aversão do instrumento em Português apresentou alfa de 0,89. As correlações item/total entre os domínios foram consideradas de moderada a forte, com exceção do domínio percepção do estresse. Conclui-se, portanto, que a versão do instrumento adaptada para o Português é considerada válida e confiável nesta amostra.

Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de Carvalho; Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani

2012-01-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil/ Questionário Atitudes de Segurança: adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil/ Cuestionario de actitudes de seguridad: adaptación transcultural del Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar a adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil. O instrumento foi aplicado em seis hospitais de três Regiões do Brasil. Foi realizada a validade de conteúdo, face e de construto. A análise da confiabilidade do instrumento foi realizada por meio da análise da consistência interna dos itens por meio do alfa de Cronbach. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 1.301 profissionais das enfer (more) marias clínicas e cirúrgicas de seis hospitais. A análise confirmatória mostrou que o ajuste do modelo final dos 41 itens foi considerado satisfatório. Aversão do instrumento em Português apresentou alfa de 0,89. As correlações item/total entre os domínios foram consideradas de moderada a forte, com exceção do domínio percepção do estresse. Conclui-se, portanto, que a versão do instrumento adaptada para o Português é considerada válida e confiável nesta amostra. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue el de adaptación transcultural del cuestionario Actitudes de Seguridad - Short Form 2006 para Brasil. Métodos: El instrumento fue aplicado en seis hospitales en tres regiones del Brasil. Se realizó la validez de contenido, la cara y la construcción. El análisis de confiabilidad del instrumento se realizó mediante el análisis de la consistencia interna de los ítems a través de alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: La muestra del estudio fue (more) compuesto por 1.301 profesionales en salas clínicas y cirugía. El análisis confirmatorio mostró que el ajuste del modelo final de los 41 ítems fue satisfactorio. La versión en portugués del instrumento mostró un alfa de 0,89. Las correlaciones ítem-total entre los dominios se consideran entre moderados y fuertes, con la excepción de dominio Percepción del Estrés. Conclusión: Se concluye, que la versión adaptada del instrumento al portugués se considera válida y fiable en la muestra. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil. The instrument was applied in six hospitals in three regions of Brazil. Content, face, and construct validity was performed. Analysis of the instrument's reliability was performed by verifying the items' internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha. The sample was composed of 1301 professionals working in clinical and surgical wards o (more) f six hospitals. Confirmatory analysis showed that the model including 41 items was satisfactory. The Portuguese version presented an alpha of 0.89. The item-total correlations among the domains were moderate to strong, except for the domain Stress Recognition. We concluded that the instrument's version adapted to Portuguese and applied in our sample is valid and reliable.

Carvalho, Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de; Cassiani, Silvia Helena De Bortoli

2012-06-01

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Assessing Safety Culture in Pharmacies: The psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Safety culture assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire; SAQ. This study presents the validation of the SAQ for use in Swedish pharmacies. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented Methods The original English language version of the SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context and distributed by e-mail. The survey was carried out on a national basis, covering all 870 Swedish community pharmacies. In total, 7,244 questionnaires were distributed. Scale psychometrics were analysed using Cronbach alphas and intercorrelations among the scales. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted. Results SAQ data from 828 community pharmacies in Sweden, including 4,090 (60.22%) pharmacy personnel out of 6,683 eligible respondents, were received. There were 252 (28.97%) pharmacies that met the inclusion criteria of having at least 5 respondents and a minimum response rate of 60% within that pharmacy. The coefficient alpha value for each of the SAQ scales ranged from .72 to .89. The internal consistency results, in conjunction with the confirmatory factor analysis results, demonstrate that the Swedish translation of the SAQ has acceptable to good psychometric properties. Perceptions of the pharmacy (Teamwork Climate, Job Satisfaction, Perceptions of Management, Safety Climate, and Working Conditions) were moderately to highly correlated with one another whereas attitudes about stress (Stress Recognition) had only low correlations with other factors. Perceptions of management showed the most variability across pharmacies (SD = 26.66), whereas Stress Recognition showed the least (SD = 18.58). There was substantial variability ranging from 0% to 100% in the percent of positive scores for each of the factors across the 252 pharmacies. Conclusions The Swedish translation of the SAQ demonstrates acceptable construct validity, for capturing the frontline perspective of safety culture of community pharmacy staff. The psychometric results reported here met or exceeded standard guidelines, which is consistent with previous studies using the SAQ in other healthcare settings and other languages.

Nordén-Hägg Annika; Sexton J Bryan; Kälvemark-Sporrong Sofia; Ring Lena; Kettis-Lindblad Åsa

2010-01-01

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Teamwork climate and patient safety attitudes: associations among nurses and comparison with physicians in Taiwan.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Attitudes Questionnaire and Safety Attitudes Questionnaire were distributed to the nurses in a county hospital in Taiwan. Nurses (n = 407) had lower scores in Team Structure, Communication, and Situation Monitoring than physicians (n = 76). A structural equation model demonstrated a positive association between teamwork climate and safety attitudes (? = 0.78, P < .01). Teamwork climate is the most important determinant for patient safety attitudes among nurses.

Li AT

2013-01-01

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Constructing the Teachers' Attitudes Toward Computers (TAC) Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on the first stage of the construction and refinement process underway in pursuit of developing a brief composite instrument to measure teachers' attitudes toward computers. Items (n=284) from 14 questionnaires assessing teacher attitudes toward computers were completed by 118 educators in Texas in 1995. Internal consistency…

Christensen, Rhonda; Knezek, Gerald

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Construction and Validation of Attitudes Toward Plagiarism Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim To develop and test the psychometric characteristics of a questionnaire measuring attitudes toward plagiarism. Methods Participants were 227 undergraduates and graduate students from three Croatian universities, with a median age of 21 years (range 18 to 48). Research was conducted from March to June 2009. For the purpose of construction of the first version of the questionnaire, 67 statements (items) were developed. The statements were based on the relevant literature and were developed following rules and recommendations for questionnaire writing, and 36 items were chosen for final validation. Factor analysis was used to find out the factor structure of the questionnaire and to measure construct validity. Results The final version of the questionnaire consisted of 29 items divided into a three-factor structure: factor I – positive attitude toward plagiarism (12 items); factor II – negative attitude toward plagiarism (7 items); and factor III – subjective norms toward plagiarism (10 items). Cronbach ? was calculated to confirm the reliability of the scale: factor I – ??=?0.83; factor II – ??=?0.79; and factor III – ??=?0.85. Correlations between factors were: -0.37 between I and II, -0.41 between I and III, and +0.31 between II and III. Conclusion Attitudes Toward Plagiarism questionnaire was developed, with good psychometric characteristics. It will be used in future research as a standardized tool for measuring attitudes toward plagiarism.

Mavrinac, Martina; Brumini, Gordana; Bilic-Zulle, Lidija; Petrovecki, Mladen

2010-01-01

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Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism  

Science.gov (United States)

Background This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism. Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%). The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b) nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9); (c) nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27); and (d) eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8). A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively. Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035). The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66), 24.12 (SD=2.99), and 0.66 (SD=1.15) respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005) and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001). Conclusions: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

Poorolajal, J; Cheraghi, P; Irani, A Doosti; Cheraghi, Z; Mirfakhraei, M

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Construction of knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire for assessing plagiarism.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism. METHODS: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%). The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b) nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9); (c) nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27); and (d) eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8). A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035). The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66), 24.12 (SD=2.99), and 0.66 (SD=1.15) respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005) and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

Poorolajal J; Cheraghi P; Irani AD; Cheraghi Z; Mirfakhraei M

2012-01-01

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Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism.Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%). The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b) nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9); (c) nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27); and (d) eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8). A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively.Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035). The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66), 24.12 (SD=2.99), and 0.66 (SD=1.15) respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005) and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001).Conclusions: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

J Poorolajal; P Cheraghi; A Doosti Irani; Z Cheraghi; M Mirfakhraei

2012-01-01

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Assessing South Africa Learners' Attitudes Towards Technology by Using the PATT (Pupils' Attitudes towards Technology) Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The PATT (Pupils' Attitude Towards Technology) questionnaire, as validated for the United States, was used to assess and analyze attitudes of 500 girls and 510 boys from the Gauteng Province in South Africa. Findings are compared for both genders. Four tables present results. Contains 43 references. (AEF)

Van Rensburg, Susan; Ankiewicz, Piet; Myburgh, Chris

1999-01-01

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Effectiveness of a Safety Training Course in Changing Employees Attitude Toward Safety Issues and its Dimensions: A Pathological Study  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Millions of occupational accidents and disease cases are reported from work places annually causing considerable human and financial damages. Safety training is globally considered the best strategy to mitigate these damages. In this project a safety attitude questionnaire was used to obtain the required information. The questionnaire contained items about 13 relevant variables: job conscientiousness, fatalism, leadership, safety consciousness, role overload, work pressure, job safety perception, supervisor safety perception, coworker safety perception, management safety perception, safety program and policies perception, interpersonal conflicts at work, and job involvement. Materials and Methods: A total of 204 individuals (101 in the control and 103 in the experiment group) in the Isfahan Steel Company completed the safety attitude questionnaire. This was followed by a 4-hour safety training course attended by the experimental group. After 30 days both the experimental and control group completed the questionnaire again. Descriptive statistics and covariate analysis were used the compare the data between the 2 groups. Results: Safety training in the workplace influenced positively the general attitude of the personnel towards safety issues. Further analysis of the data revealed that the training affected statistically significantly only safety consciousness, leadership, and management safety perception. Conclusion: Assessment of safety attitude in the workplace and its dimensions can be used to identify those areas of safety training that need more attention and a better design.

Fariba Kiani; Hossein Samavatyan; Siamak Poorabdian; Zahra Mansournejad; Effat Jafari

2011-01-01

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Attitude scale and general health questionnaire subscales predict depression?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: According to Beck theory, dysfunctional attitude has a central role in emergence of depression. The aim of this study was to determine contributions of dysfunctional attitude and general health index to depression. METHODS: In this case-control study, two groups of subjects participated. The first group consisted of 65 patients with major depression and dysthymic disorder, who were recruited from Noor and Navab Safavi Psychiatry Clinics in Isfahan. The control group was consisted of 65 non-patient individuals who were accompanied or relatives of the patients and was matched with them based on age, sex and education. Both groups completed 26-item Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS-26) and 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Logistic regression and correlation methods were applied for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed that by an increase of one level in categorized DAS-26 scores and one score in the physical symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction and depression subscales of GHQ-28 the risk of depression increase by 6.8, 1.6, 1.9, 3.7, 4.78 times, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Capability of dysfunctional attitude and general health subscales to predict depression supports the Beck's cognitive diathesis stress theory of depression that dysfunctional attitude may be a predisposing risk factor for depression.

Ebrahimi A; Afshar H; Doost HT; Mousavi SG; Moolavi H

2012-01-01

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The Effect of Safety Culture Education on Improvement of Managers’ Attitudes towards Patients' Safety  

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Full Text Available Background & Objectives: Medical errors have turned into a major problem in health sector. The goal of this study was to measure attitudes of managers towards patients' safety before and after the Safety Culture educational course in an educational hospital of Tehran.Methods: This research is of semi-empirical type and some data have been accumulated using retrospective approach in 2011. Safety attitude questionnaire (SAQ) was applied for data collection. Sampling in this study was done using census method and included all managers of the educational hospital.Results: This study provided strong evidence to some improvement in the managers' positive attitudes to patient safety before and after safety culture education in the dimensions, as follows: teamwork climate (from 76.4% to 97.3%), safety climate (from 60% to 96.4%), job satisfaction (from 69.1% to 99.1%), stress recognition (from 20.9% to 27.3%), management perception (from 44.5% to 88.2%), and work conditions (from 59.1% to 84.5%). Some statistically significant differences were seen in the positive attitudes to safety culture before and after education in all of dimensions.Conclusion: Education has positive effect on improvement of managers' attitudes towards safety culture. The finding of this study can act as a motivating proof to the health centers to provide safety culture courses in their respective hospitals.

Leila Azimi; Mohammadkarim Bahadori

2012-01-01

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Validation of the Korean Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire (IMAQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: To develop a Korean version of the Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire (IMAQ) in order to evaluate physician attitudes toward integrative medicine/complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). METHODS: We developed a Korean IMAQ through careful translation of the 28-item questionnaire developed by Schmidt et al. A web-based survey was sent via email to 118 primary care physicians in Korea. The complete respose rate wasa 52.5%. The questionnaire's reliability and validity were verified using Cronbach's ?, factor analysis, and discriminant analysis. RESULTS: Although the Korean IMAQ exhibited excellent internal consistency, its validity was insufficient. Our results suggest that Western and Korean physicians may have different understandings of CAM and the concept of holism, as factor analysis showed that incorrectly classified items were mainly part of the holism conceptual domain. Furthermore, the sum of the items within the holism conceptual domain was not significantly different for physicians who had previously received CAM education. CONCLUSION: This study developed and tested the first Korean IMAQ. We found that this version of the questionnaire lacks sufficient validity and requires further modification.

Kim JH; Lee JB; Lee DC

2011-03-01

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Analysis of the survey results for the safety culture attitudes of HANARO management division staff  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report provides the that analysis results of the surveys on the safety culture attitude and related topics for the HANARO Management Division staff. The survey form consisted of the questionnaire on the safety culture attitude, happiness and life style, drinking habit and traffic safety attitude. The key information drawn from the analysis are as follow; First, the level of safety culture attitude of the staff was confirmed and it was found that the attitude improved when the present analysis results were compared with them for the survey in 1998. Second, the degree of happiness that the staff feel is higher than the average Korean and they enjoy more leisure time than the average Korean. Third, the staff drink more alcohol than the average Korean. Thus, the drinking habit must be improved for the health of the staff. Fourth, the questionnaire of the happiness and the traffic safety attitude should be improved to verify the hypotheses on the relation between them and the safety culture attitude.

Lee, M.; Hwang, S. Y.; Lim, I. C.; Kang, T. J.; Choi, H. Y

2003-12-01

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Analysis of the survey results for the safety culture attitudes of HANARO management division staff  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This report provides the that analysis results of the surveys on the safety culture attitude and related topics for the HANARO Management Division staff. The survey form consisted of the questionnaire on the safety culture attitude, happiness and life style, drinking habit and traffic safety attitude. The key information drawn from the analysis are as follow; First, the level of safety culture attitude of the staff was confirmed and it was found that the attitude improved when the present analysis results were compared with them for the survey in 1998. Second, the degree of happiness that the staff feel is higher than the average Korean and they enjoy more leisure time than the average Korean. Third, the staff drink more alcohol than the average Korean. Thus, the drinking habit must be improved for the health of the staff. Fourth, the questionnaire of the happiness and the traffic safety attitude should be improved to verify the hypotheses on the relation between them and the safety culture attitude

2003-01-01

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Influence of Education on Patient Safety: The Nurses’ Attitude Improvement Perspective  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Medical Errors and adverse events have recently turned into one of the predominant concerns of health-policy makers and health services providers. Promoting safety culture is fundamental to sustainable safety improvement in healthcare settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of training on nurses’ attitudes towards safety culture.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over the period of April to September 2011. The nursing staff in Shahid Modarres Hospital were invited to participate in the study (n = 143). A Persian version of Safety Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ) was developed and used for measuring safety culture. To evaluate the effect of training on nurses’ safety attitudes, the safety culture survey was carried out twice on the sample, ones before training and once after training and the results were compared. The training course contained material on causes of failure in safety systems, harms due to unsafe medical conditions and their outcomes, and concepts and dimensions of safety culture. The second safety culture measurement was carried out three months after the end of the training course. The results of the two evaluations were compared using analytical statistics.Findings: Significant improvement in nurse attitudes towards most safety culture dimensions was observed after training. While the highest improved dimension was Perception of Management (43.3%), Stress Recognition showed the lowest increase (7%) following the training. The training was found to enhance the average nurses’ safety attitudes by 44%. Meanwhile, the results of path analysis showed a similar pattern of interrelations between safety attitude dimensions and overall measure of safety culture before and after training.Conclusions: Training is an effective strategy for improving nurse attitudes towards safety.

Leila Azimi; Seyed Jamaledin Tabibi; Mohammad Reza Maleki; Amir Ashkan Nasiripour; Mahmood Mahmoodi

2012-01-01

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The Menstrual Joy Questionnaire Items Alone Can Positively Prime Reporting of Menstrual Attitudes and Symptoms  

Science.gov (United States)

Chrisler, Johnston, Champagne, and Preston (1994) reported that the title of the Menstrual Joy Questionnaire (MJQ) could prime participants to report positive changes on the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ) and greater endorsement of "menstruation as a natural event" on the Menstrual Attitudes Questionnaire (MAQ). This study is a partial…

Aubeeluck, Aimee; Maguire, Moira

2002-01-01

32

The validity of the Nordic patient safety culture questionnaire (TUKU).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patient safety culture (PSC) has been postulated to have a significant influence on the quality of health care. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the TUKU PSC questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire development was based on the view that patient safety constitutes not only the absence of adverse events, but also the presence of certain organizational attributes that enable safety. The TUKU questionnaire has two parts: a measure of psychological dimensions, and a measure of employees' perceptions of organizational functions. The TUKU questionnaire was validated using a sample of 1162 health care professionals from seven Finnish health care organizations. Two studies were carried out, one focusing on construct validity and the other on criterion validity. RESULTS: Regarding construct validity, the empirical model matched the theory quite well. The results of Study 2 concerning criterion validity were more ambiguous. Four of the organizational dimensions and two of the psychological dimensions were related to patient safety incidents occurring 16 months after administering the questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: The study provided evidence on the key organizational dimensions that comprise patient safety culture and affect patient safety. The study further contributed towards validation of an instrument for measuring these dimensions.

Reiman T; Silla I; Pietikäinen E

2013-01-01

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The role of attitudes in the safety culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The UK Advisory Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations has recently published a comprehensive review of the organisational variables shown by research to be associated with strong safety cultures. A pervasive theme is that favourable attitudes towards, for example, the safety regulations, line management of safety, risk taking, team working, job satisfaction etc. are quintessential features of a healthy safety culture. An attitude is a relatively enduring predisposition to behave safely in a very wide range of situations. This paper reports an extensive empirical study in support of this argument. It is claimed that what we need to do, now that so many potential accidents have been engineered out of the system, is to address the hearts and minds of the workforce. It is the diffuse inefficiencies, mistakes, lapses and violations on the part of management and workers that now lie behind the large majority of remaining accidents. The study was carried out in the Sellafield nuclear reprocessing plant. A series of focus groups was held with all levels of the workforce in order to elicit the main issues and concerns affecting safety at the plant. These were incorporated in a draft questionnaire that was piloted on a representative sample. The final version included 172 statements covering every aspect of safety, with which respondents were invited to agree or disagree on a 7-point scale. The questionnaire was designed to be answerable, in the same form, by employees at every level in the organisation. A final sample of 5,297 was obtained, about 85% of the workforce. Principal components analysis resulted in 1 9 subscales. The most critical finding relates to the validation of these sub-scales. It was found that 17 of the attitudes discriminate, at high levels of significance, between those who have had an accident at some time while working at the plant and those who have not. Further analysis reveals differences between departments, shift versus day workers, 'active area' workers versus others, length of service, age, gender, type of work and level. (author).

1995-01-01

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Attitudes to teamwork and safety among Italian surgeons and operating room nurses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that surgical team members' attitudes about safety and teamwork in the operating theatre may play a role in patient safety. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess attitudes about teamwork and safety among Italian surgeons and operating room nurses. METHODS: Fifty-five surgeons and 48 operating room nurses working in operating theatres at one hospital in Italy completed the Operating Room Management Attitudes Questionnaire (ORMAQ). RESULTS: Results showed several discrepancies in attitudes about teamwork and safety between surgeons and operating room nurses. Surgeons had more positive views on the quality of surgical leadership, communication, teamwork, and organizational climate in the theatre than operating room nurses. Operating room nurses reported that safety rules and procedures were more frequently disregarded than the surgeons. CONCLUSIONS: The results are only partially aligned with previous ORMAQ surveys of surgical teams in other countries. The differences emphasize the influence of national culture, as well as the particular healthcare system. This study shows discrepancies on many aspects in attitudes to teamwork and safety between surgeons and operating room nurses. The findings support implementation and use of team interventions and human factor training. Finally, attitude surveys provide a method for assessing safety culture in surgery, for evaluating the effectiveness of training initiatives, and for collecting data for a hospital's quality assurance programme.

Prati G; Pietrantoni L

2013-09-01

35

Consumer attitudes toward food safety issues.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objectives of this study were to survey consumer attitudes about the safety of the food supply in general, relate general concern levels with groups of specific items of concern, regulatory issues and prioritization of food safety funding areas, and to compare these results with results of a similar survey conducted in this lab in 1994. Factor analysis of 360 consumer responses showed six factors underlying the 31 specific items evaluated on individual 5-point scales (1 = no concern, 5 = very strong concern). MANOVA using general level of food safety concern (independent variable) were significant. Univariate tests showed that as general level of concern with food safety increased, so did concern with chemical issues (artificial colors, pesticide residues, hormones, preservatives, irradiated foods, excessive processing of foods, and plastic packaging), spoilage issues (restaurant sanitation, shelf-stable foods, pasteurized foods, refrigerated, prepared foods, improper food preparation, microbiological contamination and nutritional imbalances), health issues (vitamin, calorie, carbohydrate, fat, cholesterol and sugar content), regulatory issues (pesticide safety, fish and imported food inspection, and health labeling of food), deceptive practices (naturally occurring toxins, food ingredients associated with allergies and weight reduction diets advertised as healthy) and information issues (availability of detailed information at stores, markets and restaurants).

Brewer MS; Prestat CJ

2002-07-01

36

The Relationship between the Worker's Safety Attitude and the Registered Accidents  

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Full Text Available Background: Millions of workers are the victims of different kinds of accidents every year throughout the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between safety attitude and occurrence of the occupational accidents.Methods: This investigation was a cross-sectional study performed in a gas refinery in south of Iran in 2008. Sample size of this study was 176 people. To determine the value of worker's safety attitude a validated 5 degrees questionnaire was used. Different statistic analyses including Chi-square, t-test and Logistic Regression were used by Spss11.5 to analyze the data. The Cronbachs alpha coefficient was found to be 0.97 in this investigation.Results: In the study population, the average age was 31.67(+/- 5.89), the average work experience was 5.65 (+/- 4.29) and the average of the safety attitude was 188.52(+/- 14.84) and only 28.7% were injured through accidents. The relationship between safety attitude of the workers and the accidents occurred was significant (PConclusion: The relationship between safety attitude of the workers and the accidents occurred was significant, although the relation was not significant for graduate workers. No significant relationship was found between safety attitude and accident in accordance with worker's age and work experience.

MR Monazzam; A Soltanzadeh

2011-01-01

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Establishing the validity and reliability of a pediatric pain knowledge and attitudes questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children continue to experience unrelieved pain during hospitalization, despite the evidence to guide nurses' pain management practices being readily available. Nurses' knowledge and attitudes have been identified as a possible reason for suboptimal pain management. This study examines the validity and reliability of an existing questionnaire to validate it for use in the population of interest. Initial testing demonstrated low reliability and validity. Modifications to the questionnaire were made on the basis of these results and the feedback provided by experts in pediatric pain management. Subsequent testing demonstrated good validity and reliability, suggesting that the questionnaire is appropriate for measuring nurses' knowledge and attitudes in relation to pediatric pain management. PMID:23972870

Twycross, Alison; Williams, Anna

2011-04-17

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Establishing the validity and reliability of a pediatric pain knowledge and attitudes questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Children continue to experience unrelieved pain during hospitalization, despite the evidence to guide nurses' pain management practices being readily available. Nurses' knowledge and attitudes have been identified as a possible reason for suboptimal pain management. This study examines the validity and reliability of an existing questionnaire to validate it for use in the population of interest. Initial testing demonstrated low reliability and validity. Modifications to the questionnaire were made on the basis of these results and the feedback provided by experts in pediatric pain management. Subsequent testing demonstrated good validity and reliability, suggesting that the questionnaire is appropriate for measuring nurses' knowledge and attitudes in relation to pediatric pain management.

Twycross A; Williams A

2013-09-01

39

Questionnaire responses concerning safety issues in MR examination  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Recently, the rising numbers of medical implants and scanners with higher static magnetic field have increased safety concerns for magnetic resonance (MR) examination. To determine future safety focus, we distributed anonymous questionnaires to 3250 members of the Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (JSMRM) and received 978 responses. Safety issues on the questionnaire concentrated on the handling of patients with implants (Q7-18, appendix), acoustic trauma due to scanning (Q19-21, appendix), and MR compatibility within the scanner room (Q22-25, appendix). Ninety-three percent of respondents indicated they had encountered cases with implants or medical materials of unknown MR compatibility; 21.7% reported heating problems and 15.0%, nerve stimulation problems, in patients with implants during MR examination. Although 88.7% of respondents recognized the term ''MR compatibility'', 68.2% indicated limited detailed understanding of the term. Eleven percent had had cases with suspected acoustic injury from MR scanner noise. Scanner noise levels were not clarified in any way in 37.4% cases, but 69.5% applied ear protection to patients. Labeling of ''MR compatibility'' of equipment brought into the MR scanner room was reported by 71.9%. More than 50% experienced MR compatibility issues related to equipment brought into the MR scanner room. With regard to safety issues on metallic objects which are implanted in MR workers, 88.1% indicated they would continue current operations even the implant is inside the body. Respondents identified lectures and seminars by professional societies, safety training by manufacturers, and information from the Internet and literature as the 3 main sources for up-dating safety information for MR examination. (author)

2011-01-01

40

General practitioners and psychiatrists: comparison of attitudes to depression using the depression attitude questionnaire.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND. Variation in the management of depression may be linked to doctors' attitudes to depression. AIM. A study was undertaken comparing the attitudes to depression between general practitioners and psychiatrists. METHOD. A sample of 74 general practitioners and 65 psychiatrists in Wales was s...

Kerr, M; Blizard, R; Mann, A

 
 
 
 
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The aspect of personnel metal attitude in the production safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The occurrence of an accident could always be traced to component/system failures and/or human error. The two factors are closely related to competency of the personnel's involved, in which mental attitude is a decisive factor. Furthermore mental attitude could be viewed as an element of Safety (S) Culture. Consequently, S. Culture could might created or at lea ts, be enhanced by the introduction of appropriate values, norms, as well as attitudes. The ABC and TBC of safety norm have been discussed briefly. Whereas mental attitude has been defined and discussed in detail and graded into six levels, namely: attending, responding, complying, accepting, preferring, and integrating. To assure highest level of safety, personnel must achieve integrating level of attitude, in the sense that he would merely do an action on the basis of safety values and/or norms prevailing in the system, not due to external pressure. Furthermore, considering the work as a physical and an emotional activity resulting in stress and strain on the body, Karate exercises have been promoted as an alternative for enhancing mental attitude by means of reducing personnel vulnerability to strain and stress. This method is accomplished by exploiting Roux's Low of conditioning effect and by implementation of an in-depth understanding on the spiritual aspect of Karate. It is concluded that in the field of production safety, there is a positive correlation between Karate, mental attitude, competence, performance, quality, and safety.

2002-10-15

42

Exploring UK attitudes towards unlicensed medicines use: a questionnaire-based study of members of the general public and physicians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Alison ChisholmOmega Scientific, Yately, UKAims: To undertake a questionnaire-based study to evaluate attitudes towards the use of unlicensed medicines among prescribing doctors and members of the general public (ie, patients). The study also aimed to explore the factors that influence physicians' prescribing decisions and priorities, and to understand the knowledge of the medicines licensing system among members of the public.Methods: Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd funded the online interview of 500 members of the general public and 249 prescribing physicians. Best practice standards were followed for questionnaire-based studies; no specific treatments or conditions were mentioned or discussed.Results: Few of the participating physicians, only 14%, were very familiar with the UK General Medical Council (GMC) guidelines on the use of unlicensed medicines and just 17% felt very comfortable prescribing an unlicensed medication when a licensed alternative was available. Key physician concerns included the lack of safety data (76%), legal implications (76%), and safety monitoring associated with unlicensed medicine use (71%). Patients and physicians agreed that safety and efficacy are the most important prescribing considerations, although 48% of participating physicians were worried that budget pressures may increase pressure to prescribe unlicensed medications on the basis of cost. A high proportion of patients (81%) also indicated some degree of concern, were they to be prescribed an unlicensed medication when a licensed alternative was available specifically because it costs less.Conclusions: This UK-based questionnaire study suggests pervasive concerns among prescribers over the safety, monitoring, and legal implications of unlicensed prescribing. High levels of concern were expressed among patients and physicians if cost were to become an influential factor when making decisions between licensed and unlicensed medications.Keywords: patient, physician, unlicensed treatment, concern, safety, trust

Chisholm A

2012-01-01

43

Development of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is increasing recognition that public health strategies to prevent childhood obesity need to start early in life. Any behavioural interventions need to target maternal attitudes and infant feeding practices, This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices. Methods We designed a 57-item (19 questions), self-administered questionnaire to measure the following four domains- 1) type of milk feeding, decision making and sources of advice; 2) frequency and quantity of milk feeds; 3) attitudes to infant feeding and growth; and 4) theory-based beliefs about following infant feeding recommendations. Forty mothers completed the questionnaire on two occasions six days apart (to assess test-retest reliability) and then participated in a semi-structured, open-ended telephone interview covering the same domains (to assess criterion validity). Percentage agreement, Cohen's Kappas (for categorical variables) and Spearman's correlation coefficients (for continuous variables) were used to quantify reliability and validity. Internal consistency between theory-based constructs (self-efficacy, outcome expectancy and intention) was quantified by Chronbach's alpha. Results Of the 57 questionnaire items 51 (89%) had percentage agreement above 70% indicating good test-retest reliability, and the remaining 6 items had moderate or substantial levels of agreement (kappa 0.41-0.68). Comparing questionnaire with interview coding (validity), percentage agreement was above 66% for 39/57 items (68%). Of the 16 items with percentage agreement below 66%, only five had kappa values below 0.20 (two items had insufficient interview responses). Internal consistency was 0.51, 0.79 and 0.90 for self-efficacy, outcome expectancy and intention respectively. Conclusions This questionnaire could be a useful tool in understanding the determinants of infant feeding and the 'causal mechanism' of interventions that target infant feeding practices to prevent early obesity.

Lakshman Rajalakshmi R; Landsbaugh Jill R; Schiff Annie; Hardeman Wendy; Ong Ken K; Griffin Simon J

2011-01-01

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Development of a Chinese childbearing attitude questionnaire for infertile women receiving in vitro fertilization treatment.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to report the second phase of instrument development, a culturally sensitive questionnaire of childbearing attitudes to assess the psychosocial responses of infertile women. Using a nonexperimental quantitative design, we investigated 238 women who are undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment. Data collection and relevant planning occurred in two phases: in-depth interviews of women to generate items for the questionnaire and establishing the questionnaire's content and construct validity. Through factor analysis, five factors were extracted from the "attitude toward childbearing questionnaire": gender identification with self and society, insurance of marriage and inheritance, happy family life, spiritual investment, and continuing the family line and procreation. The total variance of these five factors was 64.31%. Cronbach's ? and test-retest reliability were between .72 and .87 and between .60 and .76, respectively, demonstrating acceptable internal consistency and stability. The information obtained through the questionnaire could be used to provide infertile women with personal counseling and appropriate psychological support during and after assisted reproductive technology.

Lee SH; Kuo CP; Hsiao CY; Lu YC; Hsu MY; Kuo PC; Lee MS; Lee MC

2013-04-01

45

The Spanos Attitudes Toward Hypnosis Questionnaire: psychometric characteristics and normative data.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Attitudes Toward Hypnosis Questionnaire (ATHQ) is a 14-item, self-report measure of positive versus negative attitudes about hypnosis. It is composed of three subscales identified via factor analysis: Positive Beliefs, Fearlessness, and Mental Stability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the generalizability of the original factor structure of the ATHQ and to provide normative data based on a large sample of 925 introductory psychology students. Internal consistency analysis and factor analysis did not support the scale's original factor structure. Accordingly, it is recommended that the subscales be abandoned and that the 14 items of the ATHQ be utilized as a unidimensional scale. Although attitudes toward hypnosis have been described as an important determinant of hypnotic responding, there has been very little research evaluating this association. If employed as a unidimensional scale, the ATHQ could be a very useful tool in future studies on this topic.

Milling LS

2012-01-01

46

HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and behaviors assessment of Chinese students: a questionnaire study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this study was to assess students' knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV and AIDS. A questionnaire was administered to a cross section of 259 Chinese undergraduates. Respondents were asked to provide information about knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. Study results indicated that the majority of undergraduates had a moderate level of HIV and AIDS knowledge, acceptance and attitudes towards people with HIV and AIDS. Boys had more acceptance and positive attitudes towards people with HIV and AIDS than girls. Students majoring in medicine performed better (more knowledgeable and accepting) than non-medical students. Differences between students with various monthly expenditures were found-- 6.2% of students had 3-5 sexual partners which has rarely been found in Chinese students; most students did not know HIV VCT centers and most students did not show their confidence for controlling of HIV and AIDS in China. In conclusion, students' knowledge about HIV/AIDS was uneven. A peer educational program to talk about self esteem, healthy sexual attitudes, being human-accepting and loving should be developed in the near future.

Tan X; Pan J; Zhou D; Wang C; Xie C

2007-09-01

47

HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Assessment of Chinese Students: A Questionnaire Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess students' knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV and AIDS. A questionnaire was administered to a cross section of 259 Chinese undergraduates. Respondents were asked to provide information about knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. Study results indicated that the majority of undergraduates had a moderate level of HIV and AIDS knowledge, acceptance and attitudes towards people with HIV and AIDS. Boys had more acceptance and positive attitudes towards people with HIV and AIDS than girls. Students majoring in medicine performed better (more knowledgeable and accepting) than non-medical students. Differences between students with various monthly expenditures were found-- 6.2% of students had 3-5 sexual partners which has rarely been found in Chinese students; most students did not know HIV VCT centers and most students did not show their confidence for controlling of HIV and AIDS in China. In conclusion, students’ knowledge about HIV/AIDS was uneven. A peer educational program to talk about self esteem, healthy sexual attitudes, being human-accepting and loving should be developed in the near future.

Xiaodong Tan; Jingju Pan; Dong Zhou; Chunhong Wang; Chaojun Xie

2007-01-01

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Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Workers towards Occupational Health and Safety  

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Full Text Available "nBackground: Studies show that about 90% of accidents occur because of unsafe behavior and human errors. Even if workers do not have the right knowledge, attitude and behavior toward safety measures in a safe workplace, all efforts for an accident-free workplace will be in vain. This study aims to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and behavior of workers toward occupational health and safety."nMethods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on workers in Mahshahr Razy Petrochemical Complexm Ahwaz, Iran. A sample size of 210 was randomly selected. Data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. Ques­tionnaire's validity was gained by content-validity and its reliability was validated by Kronbach's alpha. Data was analyzed using SPSS 13."nResults: Mean age of workers was 31.1 years. The mean of their knowledge, attitude and behavior was reported 26.02, 153.18 and 36, respectively. 52.9% of workers had low, 36.7% moderate and 10.5% high level of knowledge. In addition, 75.7% of the subjects had a positive attitude towards occupational health and safety; 30% of workers had low safety behavior and 70% had safe behavior. The mean of knowledge grade shows a significant relationship with education level. A same relationship was reported for the mean of attitudes and behavior with age."nConclusion: Managers should design and implement educational interventions to promote knowledge, attitude and safe behaviors of workers.

H Sanaei Nasab; R Tavakoli; F Ghofranipour; A Kazemnejad; A Khavanin

2009-01-01

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Consumers' attitude towards the use and safety of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements in Serbia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Background The use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements in Serbia is very common and many patients consume herbal preparations with conventional drug therapy. Objective The aim of this survey was to evaluate the consumers' awareness of herbal remedies and the safety of herbal dietary supplements, their attitude towards combining herbals and drugs, and the source of recommendations for their use. Setting The study included all consumers who bought herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements in 15 pharmacies on the territory of Novi Sad during 2011 and who accepted to be interviewed. Methods Structured interviews using questionnaire, conducted by pharmacists. The questionnaire included 4 parts: socio-demographic characteristics of consumers, source of recommendations for the use of herbal products, attitude towards safety of herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements use and their combination with regular drugs, as well as the question of purchased herbal products. Main outcome measure Consumers' attitude towards the safety and use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements measured by 9 items. Results The majority of interviewed participants were highly educated, aged 41-60 and they consumed herbal remedies on their own initiative or on recommendation of nonmedically educated person, without previous consultation with medical doctor or pharmacist. Out of all participants: 88.9 % did not consider it important to inform their physician or pharmacist about use of herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements; 73.3 % found the use of herbal remedies harmless (where 9.4 % did not have any attitude towards that issue), while 40.3 % of participants regarded the combining of herbal and regular drugs unsafe. Conclusion There is a need for consumers' education on reliable use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements, in order to improve their awareness of the limits of herbal remedies safety and potential risks of their combination with drugs.

Samojlik I; Mijatovi? V; Gavari? N; Krstin S; Božin B

2013-07-01

50

Consumers' attitude towards the use and safety of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements in Serbia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Background The use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements in Serbia is very common and many patients consume herbal preparations with conventional drug therapy. Objective The aim of this survey was to evaluate the consumers' awareness of herbal remedies and the safety of herbal dietary supplements, their attitude towards combining herbals and drugs, and the source of recommendations for their use. Setting The study included all consumers who bought herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements in 15 pharmacies on the territory of Novi Sad during 2011 and who accepted to be interviewed. Methods Structured interviews using questionnaire, conducted by pharmacists. The questionnaire included 4 parts: socio-demographic characteristics of consumers, source of recommendations for the use of herbal products, attitude towards safety of herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements use and their combination with regular drugs, as well as the question of purchased herbal products. Main outcome measure Consumers' attitude towards the safety and use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements measured by 9 items. Results The majority of interviewed participants were highly educated, aged 41-60 and they consumed herbal remedies on their own initiative or on recommendation of nonmedically educated person, without previous consultation with medical doctor or pharmacist. Out of all participants: 88.9 % did not consider it important to inform their physician or pharmacist about use of herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements; 73.3 % found the use of herbal remedies harmless (where 9.4 % did not have any attitude towards that issue), while 40.3 % of participants regarded the combining of herbal and regular drugs unsafe. Conclusion There is a need for consumers' education on reliable use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements, in order to improve their awareness of the limits of herbal remedies safety and potential risks of their combination with drugs.

Samojlik I; Mijatovi? V; Gavari? N; Krstin S; Božin B

2013-10-01

51

Emotionless holism: factor and Rasch analysis of the Chinese Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the Eastern-Western difference in the interpretation of Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire (IMAQ) by assessing the psychometric properties of a revised Chinese medicine (CM)-specific version of IMAQ (CM-IMAQ). METHODS: Factor and Rasch analysis were performed with data collected from a mail survey of 165 Hong Kong Western medical doctors (WMD) randomly sampled from the official registry. The structural validity, unidimensionality, item fit, and differential item functioning (DIF) of the Hong Kong CM-IMAQ were evaluated. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) demonstrated that the original IMAQ factor structure was not concordant with our data on Chinese WMD, and subsequent explanatory factor analysis (EFA) validated a new three-factor model for CM-IMAQ: (1) attitude towards "tonification", (2) attitude towards the effectiveness of CM, and (3) attitude towards CM knowledge. The original IMAQ factor on holism and doctor-patient relationship disappeared. Rasch analysis confirmed the unidimensionality of "tonification" and the effectiveness domains, but further refinement of the knowledge domain is needed. CONCLUSIONS: Cultural adaptation of the IMAQ has demonstrated differences between Eastern and Western doctors trained in allopathic medicine in their interpretations of holism in healthcare. For Chinese WMD, the emphasis of holistic care is placed on "tonifying" the body rather than on nurturing the mind and spirit. Confucian and Taoist conceptualizations of mental health as well as the persistent stigma towards mental illness within modern Chinese culture may explain why Chinese WMD do not regard mental health promotion as part of routine healthcare.

Chung V; Chong M; Hong LC; Ma PH; Wong SY; Griffiths SM

2012-06-01

52

Reliability and validity of the Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) in older people in Spain.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: As ageing is a personal experience, an attitude to ageing questionnaire is essential for capturing the most realistic appraisal of this important stage of life. Our aim was to study the psychometric properties of the Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) in a sample of Spanish older people. METHODS: A total of 242 participants aged 60 years and older were recruited from community centers, primary care centers, and family associations for the mentally ill and dementia. In addition to the AAQ, participants provided information on demographics, self-perception of health, comorbidity, health status (SF-12), depressive symptoms (GDS-30), and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD). Analysis was performed using standard psychometric techniques with SPSS v15.0. RESULTS: No floor and ceiling effects were found, and missing data were low. The internal consistency measured by Cronbach's alpha for AAQ subscales were 0.59, 0.70, and 0.73. Exploratory Factor Analysis produced a three-factors solution accounting for 34% of the variance. A priori expected associations were found between some AAQ subscales with WHOQOL-BREF domains, with WHOQOL-OLD, SF-12, and the GDS-30 indicating good construct validity. In general, AAQ subscales differentiated between participants with lower and higher levels of education, and between a priori defined groups of older people (non-depressed vs. depressed; those with higher vs. lower physical comorbidities, and non-carers vs. carers). CONCLUSIONS: The Spanish version of the AAQ questionnaire showed acceptable psychometric properties in a convenience sample of Spanish older people. It is a useful measure of attitude for use with older people in social and clinical services.

Lucas-Carrasco R; Laidlaw K; Gómez-Benito J; Power MJ

2013-03-01

53

Survey of Employees' Safety Attitude in a Teaching Hospital Tehran 2010  

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Full Text Available Background and aimsThe Medical Errors and the potential unsafe actions are always regarded as a serious trouble by the managers and health care providers. Using the employees' attitude data as a measurement criterion in the evaluation of the hospitals performance in the field of the “Safety” can improve the safety level among the personnel and patients . Survey of employees' attitude about safety and its comparison with different groups of offering health services in a teaching Hospital was the main objective of present study.   MethodsIn order to specify patient safety culture in Moddares hospital, all employees including physicians, nurses, managers and employees of Para-clinic, a volume sample consisting of 212 persons were selected. Then it was used from questionnaire of safety attitude within 6 dimensions including Teamwork climate, Safety climate, perceptions of Management , Job Satisfaction, Working Conditions and Stress Recognition. At first this questionnaire was gone under assessing validity and trust. The scale of measuring, Likert was 5 grades. In order to specify difference between groups under study it was used from ANOVA test.   Results Positive safety culture within 6 dimensions including Teamwork Climate, Safety climate, Job Satisfaction, Stress Recognition, Perception of Management , Working Conditions for doctors were 3, 4.13, 17.4, 0, 4.3, and 8.7 respectively; the aforesaid Dimensions for nurses were 19, 2.6, 10.3, 7.8, 2.6 and 15.5 respectively, the aforesaid Dimensions for managers were 30.3, 6.1, 33.3, 0, 18.2 and 21.2 respectively and the aforesaid Dimensions for employees of Para-clinic Were 50, 12.5, 25, 12.5, 10 and 37.5 respectively. There was Significant difference from View Point of statistics (p<0.5) from Dimensions of Job satisfaction among managers and nurses, employees of Para-clinic and nurses this difference Were zero and 0.001. From View Point of Stress recognition among managers and employees of Para-clinic , managers and nurses, employees of Para-clinic and doctors were 0.062, 0.022 and 0.047 and from View Point of Perceptions of management the level of this difference among managers and nurses was 0.002. Meanwhile all employees under study had similar View Point toward teamwork Climate, safety Climate and Working Conditions.   Conclusion It recommended that health services managers and employees improve patient safety culture in their organizations and in order to can use of: to show senior leadership's willingness to safety, Developing a system for event reporting and Improving teamwork.  

J. Tabibi; A.A. Nasiripour; M.R. Maleki; P. Raessi; M. Mahmmoudi; L. Azimi

2011-01-01

54

Food Safety Attitude of Culinary Arts Based Students in Public and Private Higher Learning Institutions (IPT)  

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Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Food safety issue is not new in Malaysia as problems such as unsafe food handling, doubtful food preparation, food poisoning outbreaks in schools and education institutions and spreading of infectious food borne illness has been discussed by the public more often than before. The purpose of this study is to examine the food safety knowledge and attitude of culinary based students from four (4) public and private higher learning institutions (IPT) with prior knowledge on food safety, hygiene and sanitation. The study involved a total of 114 group administered questionnaires that were usable and coded comprising of 37- questions assessing their knowledge and attitude on food safety. A series of analysis were conducted to test the significant relationship between food safety knowledge and food safety attitude and seek any differences based on the studentsâ�� demographic profiles.�  The research finds that higher learning institutionâ��s students who have prior knowledge on food safety partly do not represent their attitude towards food safety although their correlations recorded moderate positive relationships especially on personal hygiene practice (p=0.07, r=0.42) and keeping food at safe temperature (p=0.17, r=0.36). On the other hand, their knowledge in avoiding cross contamination (p=0.00, r=0.50) and avoiding food from unsafe sources (p=0.02, r=0.36) were positive and significant in influencing their food safety attitude. The finding also revealed that there were no significant differences among food safety knowledge and attitude based on the studentsâ�� demographic profiles. The results urged for more improvement in both knowledge and practice of food safety among students in public and private higher learning institutions towards recommended food safety standards and positive attitude in food preparation process. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Keywords: food safety, knowledge, attitude, food borne illness, IPT students

Mohd Onn Rashdi Abd Patah; Zuraini Mat Issa; Khamis Mohammad Nor

2009-01-01

55

Patient attitudes toward mobile phone-based health monitoring: questionnaire study among kidney transplant recipients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Mobile phone based remote monitoring of medication adherence and physiological parameters has the potential of improving long-term graft outcomes in the recipients of kidney transplants. This technology is promising as it is relatively inexpensive, can include intuitive software and may offer the ability to conduct close patient monitoring in a non-intrusive manner. This includes the optimal management of comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes. There is, however, a lack of data assessing the attitudes of renal transplant recipients toward this technology, especially among ethnic minorities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the attitudes of renal transplant recipients toward mobile phone based remote monitoring and management of their medical regimen; and to identify demographic or clinical characteristics that impact on this attitude. METHODS: After a 10 minute demonstration of a prototype mobile phone based monitoring system, a 10 item questionnaire regarding attitude toward remote monitoring and the technology was administered to the participants, along with the 10 item Perceived Stress Scale and the 7 item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. RESULTS: Between February and April 2012, a total of 99 renal transplant recipients were identified and agreed to participate in the survey. The results of the survey indicate that while 90% (87/97) of respondents own a mobile phone, only 7% (7/98) had any prior knowledge of mobile phone based remote monitoring. Despite this, the majority of respondents, 79% (78/99), reported a positive attitude toward the use of a prototype system if it came at no cost to themselves. Blacks were more likely than whites to own smartphones (43.1%, 28/65 vs 20.6%, 7/34; P=.03) and held a more positive attitude toward free use of the prototype system than whites (4.25±0.88 vs 3.76±1.07; P=.02). CONCLUSIONS: The data demonstrates that kidney transplant recipients have a positive overall attitude toward mobile phone based health technology (mHealth). Additionally, the data demonstrates that most kidney transplant recipients own and are comfortable using mobile phones and that many of these patients already own and use smart mobile phones. The respondents felt that mHealth offers an opportunity for improved self-efficacy and improved provider driven medical management. Respondents were comfortable with the idea of being monitored using mobile technology and are confident that their privacy can be protected. The small subset of kidney transplant recipients who are less interested in mHealth may be less technologically adept as reflected by their lower mobile phone ownership rates. As a whole, kidney transplant recipients are receptive to the technology and believe in its utility.

McGillicuddy JW; Weiland AK; Frenzel RM; Mueller M; Brunner-Jackson BM; Taber DJ; Baliga PK; Treiber FA

2013-01-01

56

DEVELOPING A QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE STUDENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARD THE COURSE BLOG?  

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Full Text Available The rapid growth of using Web 2.0 tools such as blogs has increased online courses in education. Questioners are the most commonly used instruments to assess students’ attitudes toward the online courses. This study provides a set of specific guidelines that the researchers used to develop a questionnaire to measure students’ attitudes toward the course blog. It focuses on test construction and instrument validation as two primary stages in developing the questionnaire and details a series of steps nested within two stages. Participants were 30 undergraduate students enrolled in a course blog. To analyze the data, qualitative findings of interview were complemented by statistical results from quantitative data. To improve content adequacy and internal validity of the instrument items, 25 students who took part in piloting the instrument were interviewed. We carried out Statistical analysis to evaluate inter-item correlations, and reliability alpha coefficient of the instrument items. The guidelines applied in this study can be used in other studies to develop a valid instrument to measure other constructs, particularly when a researcher does not have access to a large sample.

Zahra SHAHSAVAR; Bee Hoon TAN

2012-01-01

57

Patient attitudes towards twin pregnancies and single embryo transfer - a questionnaire study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The present trend towards selective single embryo transfer (SET) calls for evaluation of patient attitudes towards twins and how the patients balance advantages and disadvantages of one or two embryos in IVF/ICSI treatment. METHODS: The study was conducted in a Danish public fertility clinic, where the common practice was double embryo transfer (DET), and the number of reimbursed treatments was limited to three. Referred patients were given oral and written information about the IVF/ICSI treatment including twin probability following DET and the risk of preterm delivery and neonatal complications associated with twins. In order to evaluate patients and partners attitudes towards twins and SET, an anonymous survey was conducted, and 588 couples were invited to participate. RESULTS: Four hundred and fourteen women (70.4%) and 404 men (68.7%) answered the questionnaire adequately for analysis. About 58.7% preferred having twins to having one child at a time (37.9%). Primary reasons for preferring twins were desire for siblings (23.3%), a positive attitude towards twins (22.5%), and a wish to minimize physical and psychological stress through having as few IVF treatments as possible (19.3%). Economic considerations were not important. CONCLUSIONS: Obligatory single embryo policy would be in conflict with patient interests and wishes. More carefully prepared information seems to be needed. The challenge consists in balancing clinical considerations with unbiased information on twin pregnancy, respecting patient autonomy and enabling informed decision-making.

Højgaard A; Ottosen LD; Kesmodel U; Ingerslev HJ

2007-10-01

58

Adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Italian version of the depression attitude questionnaire (DAQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aims. To validate the Italian version of the 'depression attitude questionnaire' (DAQ), to assess its psychometric properties and to evaluate the primary care physicians' (PCPs) opinion and attitude towards depression. Methods. An Italian version of the DAQ was created and then administered to a representative sample of PCPs working in the Emilia-Romagna region. Results. The findings derived from the Italian version of the DAQ indicated a three-factor solution (professional confidence, negative viewpoint and biological stance), broadly similar to previous studies and with acceptable fit indices. Our results showed that the PCPs consider depression as an increasingly important issue for their daily clinical practice. A large majority of them believed in the effectiveness of antidepressants and considered psychopharmacological treatment as appropriate for the PCPs to undertake. However, most PCP respondents thought that psychotherapy should be left to the specialists. Our findings suggest a prevalent orientation to the biochemical aspects of depression and the use of antidepressant treatment. Conclusions. The PCPs' attitude and opinion towards depression is an important aspect of their understanding and response to this common and disabling condition. The Italian version of the DAQ appears to be an appropriate and useful instrument to assist the understanding of the PCPs' views and potential need for further professional development.

Sighinolfi C; Norcini Pala A; Casini F; Haddad M; Berardi D; Menchetti M

2013-03-01

59

Measuring safety culture in Dutch primary care: psychometric characteristics of the SCOPE-PC questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patient safety has been a priority in primary healthcare in the last years. The prevailing culture is seen as an important condition for patient safety in practice and several tools to measure patient safety culture have therefore been developed. Although Dutch primary care consists of different professions, such as general practice, dental care, dietetics, physiotherapy and midwifery, a safety culture questionnaire was only available for general practices. The purpose of this study was to modify and validate this existing questionnaire to a generic questionnaire for all professions in Dutch primary care. METHODS: A validated Dutch questionnaire for general practices was modified to make it usable for all Dutch primary care professions. Subsequently, this questionnaire was administered to a random sample of 2400 practices from eleven primary care professions. The instrument's factor structure, reliability and validity were examined using confirmatory and explorative factor analyses. RESULTS: 921 questionnaires were returned. Of these, 615 were eligible for factor analysis. The resulting SCOPE-PC questionnaire consisted of seven dimensions: 'open communication and learning from errors', 'handover and teamwork', 'adequate procedures and working conditions', 'patient safety management', 'support and fellowship', 'intention to report events' and 'organisational learning' with a total of 41 items. All dimensions had good reliability with Cronbach's alphas ranging from 0.70 -- 0.90, and the questionnaire had a good construct validity. CONCLUSIONS: The SCOPE-PC questionnaire has sound psychometric characteristics for use by the different professions in Dutch primary care to gain insight in their safety culture.

Verbakel NJ; Zwart DL; Langelaan M; Verheij TJ; Wagner C

2013-09-01

60

Risk Perception, Knowledge and Safety Attitude and Hearing Protector Use in Petrochemical Industry Workers  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Hearing protectors (HP) are widely employed as the only measure against noise exposure. However, it is well known that unless do workers wear HP continuously, its efficacy will be very low. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of risk perception, knowledge and safety attitude on hearing protection use in petrochemical industry's workers.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study a structural questionnaire was administrated to 236 randomly selected workers in Iranian petrochemical industry who had been to 85 dBA noise and some influencing factors including risk perception, knowledge and general attitude to safety on using of HP had been investigated.Results: This study showed that only 20.3% of employees claimed to wear hearing protection all the time when they exposed to noise. There was a significant relationship between use of hearing protector and worker's risk perception (p=0.048) and also their knowledge about hearing protection(p=0.009). Also, the relationship between general attitude of workers to safety and risk perception was statistically significant (p=0.046). Conclusion: The results of the study showed that for promoting the use of hearing protectors, two main strategy should be followed. First, removing the barriers to make hearing protectors compliant, and second enhancing the workers’ risk perception about hearing loss and proper use of ear protectors.

Mahdi Jahangiri; Dr. Ramazan Mirzaei; Dr.Hossein Aansari

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

The attitudes to back pain scale in musculoskeletal practitioners (ABS-mp): the development and testing of a new questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Little is known about practitioners' beliefs and attitudes to the treatment of low back pain, and whether these influence their clinical decisions, intervention strategies, and patient-centered outcomes. This study aimed to develop, test, and explore the underlying dimensions of a new questionnaire, the Attitudes to Back Pain Scale (ABS), in a specific group of clinicians, practitioners who specialize in musculoskeletal therapy. METHODS: Items for the draft questionnaire were derived from interviews with practitioners (chiropractors, osteopaths, and physiotherapists). The draft questionnaire (52 items) sought to assess practitioners' attitudes concerning role and self-image plus their beliefs about treatment goals and prognosis of low back pain. The questionnaire was sent to a random selection of 300 practitioners from each professional group, and 546 (61%) responded. Split-sample analyses were performed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: Separate exploratory analyses were done for attitudes concerned with personal interaction (34 items) and attitudes about treatment orientation (18 items), producing six domains: limitations on sessions, psychologic, connection to health care system, confidence and concern, reactivation, and biomedical. Confirmatory analyses indicated that the model tested presented a good fit. Validity interviews revealed high agreement of categorization and low levels of difficulty in categorizing the items. CONCLUSIONS: The internal structure of the new questionnaire not only shows excellent psychometric properties and good face validity, but also has the added advantage of being developed with a specific clinical context in mind. Additional evaluation is required to fully describe the psychometric integrity of this instrument.

Pincus T; Vogel S; Santos R; Breen A; Foster N; Underwood M

2006-05-01

62

Body image during pregnancy: an evaluation of the suitability of the body attitudes questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Available data suggest that body dissatisfaction is common during pregnancy and may even be a precursor to post-natal depression. However, in order to accurately identify at-risk women, it is essential to first establish that body image measures function appropriately in pregnant populations. Our study examines the suitability of the Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ) for measuring body dissatisfaction among pregnant women by comparing the psychometric functioning of the BAQ: (1) across key phases of pregnancy, and (2) between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Methods A total of 176 pregnant women from Melbourne, Victoria filled out a questionnaire battery containing demographic questions and the Body Attitudes Questionnaire at 16, 24, and 32 weeks during pregnancy. A comparison group of 148 non-pregnant women also completed the questionnaire battery at Time 1. Evaluations of the psychometric properties of the BAQ consisted of a series of measurement invariance tests conducted within a structural equation modelling framework. Results Although the internal consistency and factorial validity of the subscales of the BAQ were established across time and also in comparisons between pregnant and non-pregnant women, measurement invariance tests showed non-invariant item intercepts across pregnancy and also in comparison with the non-pregnant subgroup. Inspection of modification indices revealed a complex, non-uniform pattern of differences in item intercepts across groups. Conclusions Collectively, our findings suggest that comparisons of body dissatisfaction between pregnant and non-pregnant women (at least based on the BAQ) are likely to be conflated by differential measurement biases that serve to undermine attempts to accurately assess level of body dissatisfaction. Researchers should be cautious in assessments of body dissatisfaction among pregnant women until a suitable measure has been established for use in this population. Given the fact that body dissatisfaction is often associated with maladaptive behaviours, such as unhealthy eating and extreme weight loss behaviours, and with ante-and post-natal depression, that have serious negative implications for women’s health and well-being, and potentially also for the unborn foetus during pregnancy, developing a suitable body image screening tool, specific to the perinatal period is clearly warranted.

Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Matthew; Skouteris Helen; Watson Brittany; Hill Briony

2012-01-01

63

Measuring recovery: Validity of the "Recovery Process Inventory" and the "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire"  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Considerable lack of publications and inconsistent results on construct validity make it difficult to choose an appropriate instrument to measure recovery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate additional psychometric aspects of two established measures of personal recovery with differing focusses. Bivariate associations of the recovery measures with personal, clinical and subjective factors were conducted as indicators of concurrent (convergent and divergent) validity. The scales were also tested concerning internal consistency. The sample comprised of 81 inpatients on an acute psychiatric ward (main diagnoses: 27% substance-related disorders, 27% schizophrenic disorders, 25% affective disorders, 10% neurotic or stress-related disorders, and 11% personality disorders). The "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire (RAQ)" has to be reevaluated before further administration due to serious psychometric shortcomings concerning internal consistency and concurrent validity. The "Recovery Process Inventory (RPI)" total scale showed acceptable concurrent and within-scale validity and can be recommended in order to measure the personal recovery process for clinical and scientific purposes.

Jaeger M; Konrad A; Rueegg S; Rabenschlag F

2013-07-01

64

A Study on Knowledge, Attitude And Practice of Laboratory Safety Measures Among Paramedical Staff of Laboratory Services  

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Full Text Available Purpose: A lot of accidents occur in the laboratory due to lack of proper knowledge regarding laboratory safety measures, indifferent attitude & improper implementation of safe laboratory practices. In view of this, the present study on knowledge, Attitude & Practice (KAP) of laboratory safety measures was carried out among paramedical staff of laboratory services of tertiary care teaching hospital, western India. Method: This was a comparative study which used a standardized, structured self-administered questionnaire to survey knowledge, attitude and practice of paramedical staff. The KAP study enrolled 81 respondents. Results: Regarding knowledge- the majority knew the very important issues related with laboratory safety like Post Exposure Prophylaxis (96.55%) & discarding of blood samples (93.10%) etc. In regard to attitude towards the scientific process, all are very much aware about importance of protective devices (i.e. Wearing Gloves) and Biomedical waste management. In regard to the practice in laboratory, the entire study subject group (100%) replied “YES” in each question that shows the good quality work of the laboratory. Conclusion: The induction training on Laboratory safety is very important and motivating exercise for improving the laboratory safety measures.

Hansa M Goswami, Sumeeta T Soni, Sachin M Patel, Mitesh K Patel

2011-01-01

65

Astudy on relationship between production link worker's safety attitude and their safe act in of arak metal industry  

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Full Text Available Background and aims   Unsafe attitude are the offset of occurring an accident. Although conducting few studies regarding to systematic measurement on requirement and attitude in the  field of safety in organization. One of the critical factors in order to make attempts to provide some programmers increasing safety behaviors is acknowledging the safety climate of working  environment. In this study we are intending to evaluate the relationship between safety climate and safe behaviors and the relationship between these two variables and personal factors as well as.   Methods   Safety climate is measured by questionnaire and in order to determine the rate of safe behaviors the direct observation has been used. This survey has been conducted on 178 workers of a production line a certain industry j.e.metalic heavy industry.   Results   In trying to specify the reliability of questionnaire the internal consistency was measured. The rate of a crombach was reched to 91% to determine the structure of safety climate the factor analysis method was used. The analysis resulted a 4 factor answer which defines  60/30% of the total variance. There was a clear correlation between factors consisting the safety  climate and safe behaviors.   Conclusion   In general, there was no clear correlation between the factor climate and personal factors. There was a clear correlation between safe behaviors and two personal factors, e.g. age and work experience. There was no clear correlation between safe behaviors and educational   degrees.  

M. Heidari; A.A. Farshad; SH. Arghami

2007-01-01

66

Changes in safety attitude and relationship to decreased postoperative morbidity and mortality following implementation of a checklist-based surgical safety intervention.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between changes in clinician attitude and changes in postoperative outcomes following a checklist-based surgical safety intervention. DESIGN: Pre- and post intervention survey. SETTING: Eight hospitals participating in a trial of a WHO surgical safety checklist. PARTICIPANTS: Clinicians actively working in the designated study operating rooms at the eight hospitals. SURVEY INSTRUMENT: Modified operating-room version Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in mean safety attitude score and correlation between change in safety attitude score and change in postoperative outcomes, plus clinician opinion of checklist efficacy and usability. RESULTS: Clinicians in the preintervention phase (n=281) had a mean SAQ score of 3.91 (on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 representing better safety attitude), while the postintervention group (n=257) had a mean of 4.01 (p=0.0127). The degree of improvement in mean SAQ score at each site correlated with a reduction in postoperative complication rate (r=0.7143, p=0.0381). The checklist was considered easy to use by 80.2% of respondents, while 19.8% felt that it took a long time to complete, and 78.6% felt that the programme prevented errors. Overall, 93.4% would want the checklist used if they were undergoing operation. CONCLUSIONS: Improvements in postoperative outcomes were associated with improved perception of teamwork and safety climate among respondents, suggesting that changes in these may be partially responsible for the effect of the checklist. Clinicians held the checklist in high regard and the overwhelming majority would want it used if they were undergoing surgery themselves.

Haynes AB; Weiser TG; Berry WR; Lipsitz SR; Breizat AH; Dellinger EP; Dziekan G; Herbosa T; Kibatala PL; Lapitan MC; Merry AF; Reznick RK; Taylor B; Vats A; Gawande AA

2011-01-01

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Development of Food Safety Psychosocial Questionnaires for Young Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

Food mishandling is thought to be more acute among young adults; yet little is known about why they may engage in risky food handling behaviors. The purpose of this study was to create valid, reliable instruments for assessing key food safety psychosocial measures. Development of the measures began by examining published studies and behavior…

Byrd-Bredbenner, C.; Wheatley, V.; Schaffner, D.; Bruhn, C.; Blalock, L.; Maurer, J.

2007-01-01

68

Attitudes and behavior towards patient safety in an operating room  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Patient´s safety is a priority line of action in the Quality of Health Care. Adequate patient safety culture is one of the important pillars in the health care. Also the World Health Organization reports that 7 million people, of 234 million of major surgeries, suffer complications and this can be reduced by half with a system that decreases the possibility of error. Objectives: To determinate the attitude and behavior of professionals in the operating room unit in Hospital Virgen de la Salud of Toledo towards patient safety. Material and method: The type of study is a descriptive and transversal. Population: medical and nursing staff of the theatre with over 1 year in service. Measurement of variables will be made by a validated test and adapted to Spanish territory by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality of the United States. We intend to identify the strengths and weaknesses in matter of operating room safety, to know the starting point for the implementation of the surgical safety checklist and to develop a safety culture in the operating room with standardized tools and regular quality controls.

María del Pilar Sánchez Moreno; Francisca Moreno Medina; José Joaquín Barrajón Martín de la Sierra; Margarita Romero Taboada

2013-01-01

69

THE INFLUENCE OF MEDIA EXPOSURE, SAFETY AND HEALTH CONCERNS, AND SELF-EFFICACY ON ENVIRONMENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS ELECTRONIC GREEN PRODUCTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As the high-tech industry evolves at a rapid pace, vast amounts of hazardous materials are used in fuelling its global expansion. These rapid changes in production processes are significantly depleting natural resources. With the surge of popular interest and awareness pertaining to environmental issues, organisations may be in peril if consumers' attitudes towards their products are ignored. This study intends to understand consumers' environmental attitudes towards electronic green products and to identify the effect of three factors, namely, media exposure, safety and health concerns, and self- efficacy, on this attitude. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire among 170 respondents in a public university. The results of the study indicated that safety and health concerns as well as self-efficacy had significant positive impacts on consumers' environmental attitudes. Surprisingly, however, media exposure did not exhibit any significant influence on consumers' environmental attitude. It is recommended that campaign and awareness projects focus on safety and health issues. Additionally, media should play a more active role in increasing environmental awareness among consumers.

Iman Khalid A. Qader; Yuserrie Zainuddin

2011-01-01

70

Reliability and Validity of the Shared Activities Questionnaire as a Measure of Middle School Students' Attitudes toward Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

The Shared Activities Questionnaire (SAQ) is a self-report measure of children's behavioral intentions towards peers with disabilities. The SAQ has been validated as a measure of elementary school students' attitudes towards peers with disabilities. In the present study, psychometric properties of the SAQ as a measure of middle school students'…

Campbell, Jonathan M.

2008-01-01

71

A questionnaire study regarding contractors' attitude towards radiation and radiation protection education on the Swedish nuclear power stations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Swedish Radiation Protection Authority has performed a questionnaire study regarding contractors' attitude towards radiation and radiation protection. The report also includes opinions regarding assistance and guidance they get at the nuclear power station. This report is a summary of the contractors' answers that was returned to the Authority

2003-01-01

72

Participation in and attitude towards the national immunization program in the Netherlands: data from population-based questionnaires.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the determinants of participation and attitude towards the National Immunisation Program (NIP) may be helpful in tailoring information campaigns for this program. Our aim was to determine which factors were associated with nonparticipation in the NIP and which ones were associated with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. Further, we analyzed possible changes in opinion on vaccination over a 10 year period. METHODS: We used questionnaire data from two independent, population-based, cross-sectional surveys performed in 1995-96 and 2006-07. For the 2006-07 survey, logistic regression modelling was used to evaluate what factors were associated with nonparticipation and with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. We used multivariate multinomial logistic regression modelling to compare the results between the two surveys. RESULTS: Ninety-five percent of parents reported that they or their child (had) participated in the NIP. Similarly, 95% reported they intended to accept remaining vaccinations. Ethnicity, religion, income, educational level and anthroposophic beliefs were important determinants of nonparticipation in the NIP. Parental concerns that played a role in whether or not they would accept remaining vaccinations included safety of vaccinations, maximum number of injections, whether vaccinations protect the health of one's child and whether vaccinating healthy children is necessary. Although about 90% reported their opinion towards vaccination had not changed, a larger proportion of participants reported to be less inclined to accept vaccination in 2006-07 than in 1995-96. CONCLUSION: Most participants had a positive attitude towards vaccination, although some had doubts. Groups with a lower income or educational level or of non-Western descent participated less in the NIP than those with a high income or educational level or indigenous Dutch and have been less well identified previously. Particular attention ought to be given to these groups as they contribute in large measure to the rate of nonparticipation in the NIP, i.e., to a greater extent than well-known vaccine refusers such as specific religious groups and anthroposophics. Our finding that the proportion of the population inclined to accept vaccinations is smaller than it was 10 years ago highlights the need to increase knowledge about attitudes and beliefs regarding the NIP.

Mollema L; Wijers N; Hahné SJ; van der Klis FR; Boshuizen HC; de Melker HE

2012-01-01

73

Consumer attitudes and the governance of food safety.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reports the analysis of a recent study of public perception of food safety governance in Spain, using genetically modified (GM) foods as an indicator. The data make clear that Spanish food consumers are aware of their rights and role in the marketplace. They are critical of current regulatory decision making, which they perceive to be unduly influenced by certain social actors, such as industry. In contrast, consumers demand decisions to be based primarily on scientific opinion, as well as consumer preferences. They want authorities to facilitate informed purchasing decisions, and favor labeling of GM foods mostly on the grounds of their right to know. However, consumers' actual level of knowledge with respect to food technology and food safety remains low. There are several ambivalences as to the real impact of these attitudes on actual consumer behavior (specifically when it comes to organizing themselves or searching out background information).

Todt O; Muñoz E; González M; Ponce G; Estévez B

2009-01-01

74

[The Italian version of the Attitudes Chocolate Questionnaire: a validation study].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Chocolate consumption has long been associated with enjoyment and pleasure. Popular claims confer on chocolate the properties of being a stimulant, relaxant, euphoriant, aphrodisiac, tonic and antidepressant. The aim of our study was to validate and to verify the reliability of the Italian version of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ) which evaluates different dimensions of chocolate craving experience. METHODS: The Italian version of ACQ was administered to a sample consisting of 1609 adults, recruited among students of the University of L'Aquila and general population. The subjects also completed the Stress-Related Vulnerability Scale (SVS), which assesses the level of stress and social support received. RESULTS: This study showed a good degree of stability and internal consistency of the two-factor model, respectively represented by craving and sense of guilt, in comparison to previous ones. The scoring for both factors resulted greater in women than in men. Subjects of younger age and with lower Body Mass Index (BMI) achieved higher scores in relation to the craving dimension, while a positive correlation was observed between age and sense of guilt. Finally the total scoring at SVS and its subscales resulted significantly interrelated with the two factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms the validity and the reliability of the Italian version of the two-factors based ACQ scale and strongly underlines the association between perceived stress and dysfunctional approach to chocolate consumption.

Pacitti F; Iannitelli A; Mazza M; Maraone A; Zazzara F; Roselli V; Bersani G

2011-01-01

75

Measuring recovery: Validity of the "Recovery Process Inventory" and the "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire".  

Science.gov (United States)

Considerable lack of publications and inconsistent results on construct validity make it difficult to choose an appropriate instrument to measure recovery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate additional psychometric aspects of two established measures of personal recovery with differing focusses. Bivariate associations of the recovery measures with personal, clinical and subjective factors were conducted as indicators of concurrent (convergent and divergent) validity. The scales were also tested concerning internal consistency. The sample comprised of 81 inpatients on an acute psychiatric ward (main diagnoses: 27% substance-related disorders, 27% schizophrenic disorders, 25% affective disorders, 10% neurotic or stress-related disorders, and 11% personality disorders). The "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire (RAQ)" has to be reevaluated before further administration due to serious psychometric shortcomings concerning internal consistency and concurrent validity. The "Recovery Process Inventory (RPI)" total scale showed acceptable concurrent and within-scale validity and can be recommended in order to measure the personal recovery process for clinical and scientific purposes. PMID:23859131

Jaeger, Matthias; Konrad, Albrecht; Rueegg, Sebastian; Rabenschlag, Franziska

2013-07-13

76

The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire: psychometric properties and relationship to dimensions of eating.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ). We analyzed the factor structure of the ACQ by conducting exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in a sample of healthy adults and a sample of dietician students. Further, the relationship between the resulting ACQ factors and dimensions of eating behavior, personality, emotionality, and tests of the pleasantness, sweetness, and intensity of sugar and chocolate was examined. The results yielded a clear two-factor structure of the ACQ: The first factor (guilt) was composed of items concerning negative consequences of chocolate eating including the feeling of guilt. The second factor (craving) comprised items related to craving and emotional chocolate eating. Guilt correlated significantly with "emotional eating", "restrained eating", and with neuroticism. Craving correlated significantly with "emotional eating" and "external eating", with neuroticism, and with the "difficulty identifying feelings" facet of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale; further, it correlated highly with the average reported chocolate consumption and with the ratings of the intensity of taste of sugar. In conclusion, results support the validity of the German version of the ACQ and showed a stable factor structure and a good internal consistency. PMID:18068267

Müller, Jochen; Dettmer, Dorothee; Macht, Michael

2007-10-30

77

Prisoners' attitudes towards cigarette smoking and smoking cessation: a questionnaire study in Poland  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In the last decade Poland has successfully carried out effective anti-tobacco campaigns and introduced tobacco control legislation. This comprehensive strategy has focused on the general population and has led to a considerable decrease in tobacco consumption. Prisoners constitute a relatively small part of the entire Polish population and smoking habits in this group have been given little attention. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking in Polish male prisoners, factors determining smoking in this group, prisoners' attitudes towards smoking cessation, and to evaluate prisoners' perception of different anti-tobacco measures. Methods An anonymous questionnaire including personal, demographic and smoking data was distributed among 944 male inmates. Of these, 907 men aged between 17 and 62 years (mean 32.3 years) met the inclusion criteria of the study. For the comparison of proportions, a chi-square test was used with continuity correction whenever appropriate. Results In the entire group, 81% of the subjects were smokers, 12% – ex-smokers, and 7% – never smokers. Current smokers had significantly lower education level than non-smokers (p Conclusion The prevalence of cigarette smoking among Polish prisoners is high. However, a majority of smokers attempt to quit, and they should be encouraged and supported. Efforts to reduce cigarette smoking in prisons need to take into consideration the specific factors influencing smoking habits in prisons.

Sieminska Alicja; Jassem Ewa; Konopa Krzysztof

2006-01-01

78

Family communication patterns and teen drivers' attitudes toward driving safety.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Family communication patterns (FCPs) play an important role in reducing the risk-taking behaviors of teens, such as substance use and safer sex. However, little is known about the relationship between family communication and teen driving safety. METHOD: We analyzed the baseline data from a randomized trial that included 163 parent-teen dyads, with teens who would be receiving their intermediate driver's license within 3 months. FCPs were divided into four types-pluralistic, protective, consensual, and laissez-faire-and were correlated with the frequency of parent-teen discussions and teens' driving safety attitudes. RESULTS: The ratings on four types of FCPs were distributed quite evenly among teens and parents. Parents and teens agreed on their FCP ratings (p = .64). In families with communication patterns that were laissez-faire, protective, and pluralistic, parents talked to their teens less about safe driving than did parents in families with a consensual communication pattern (p < .01). Moreover, the frequency of parent-teen communication about safe driving was positively associated with teen attitudes toward safe driving (adjusted ? = 0.35, p = .03). DISCUSSION: Health care providers need to encourage parents, particularly those with non-consensual FCPs, to increase frequency of parent-teen interactions.

Yang J; Campo S; Ramirez M; Krapfl JR; Cheng G; Peek-Asa C

2013-09-01

79

Dimensions and reliability of a hospital safety climate questionnaire in Chinese health-care practice.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the current study was to examine the dimensions and reliability of a hospital safety climate questionnaire in Chinese health-care practice. To achieve this, a cross-sectional survey of health-care professionals was undertaken at a university teaching hospital in Shandong province, China. Our survey instrument demonstrated very high internal consistency, comparing well with previous research in this field conducted in other countries. Factor analysis highlighted four key dimensions of safety climate, which centred on employee personal protection, employee interactions, safety-related housekeeping and time pressures. Overall, this study suggests that hospital safety climate represents an important aspect of health-care practice in contemporary China.

Smith DR; Zhao I; Wang L; Ho A

2013-04-01

80

Development and initial validation of the Influences on Patient Safety Behaviours Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Understanding the factors that make it more or less likely that healthcare practitioners (HCPs) will perform certain patient safety behaviors is important in developing effective intervention strategies. A questionnaire to identify determinants of HCP patient safety behaviors does not currently exist. This study reports the development and initial validation of the Influences on Patient Safety Behaviors Questionnaire (IPSBQ) based on the Theoretical Domains Framework. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-three HCPs from three acute National Health Service Hospital Trusts in the United Kingdom completed the 34-item measure focusing on one specific patient safety behavior (using pH as the first line method for checking the position of a nasogastric tube). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was undertaken to generate the model of best fit. RESULTS: The final questionnaire consisted of 11 factors and 23 items, and CFA produced a reasonable fit: chi2 (175) = 345.7, p < 0.001; CMIN/DF = 1.98; GFI = 0.90 and RMSEA = 0.06, as well as adequate levels of discriminant validity, and internal consistency (r = 0.21 to 0.64). CONCLUSIONS: A reliable and valid theoretically underpinned measure of determinants of HCP patient safety behavior has been developed. The criterion validity of the measure is still unknown and further work is necessary to confirm the reliability and validity of this measure for other patient safety behaviors.

Taylor N; Parveen S; Robins V; Slater B; Lawton R

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
81

Analysis of the Survey Results for the Safety Culture Attitude of HANARO Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] During 10 years since its first criticality, the safety culture activities for HANARO have been implemented and the importance of safety management in nuclear activities has been also emphasized. At the end of last year, a reorganization of HANARO Center was carried out to enforce the safety functions for the reactor applications and research fields. In May 1996, a survey was conducted to investigate the overall attitudes of the safety culture in HANARO. The result of the survey shows that the general attitude of the safety culture in HANARO is not so bad. The trend of the safety culture has been gradually improved during the last 10 years

2006-01-01

82

Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Questionnaires from Research Committee of Nuclear Safety  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Research Committee of Nuclear Safety carried out a research on criticality accident at the JCO plant according to statement of president of the Japan Atomic Energy Society on October 8, 1999, of which results are planned to be summarized by the constitutions shown as follows, for a report on the 'Questionnaires of criticality accident in the Uranium Fuel Processing Plant of the JCO, Inc.': general criticality safety, fuel cycle and the JCO, Inc.; elucidation on progress and fact of accident; cause analysis and problem picking-up; proposals on improvement; and duty of the Society. Among them, on last two items, because of a conclusion to be required for members of the Society at discussions of the Committee, some questionnaires were send to more than 1800 of them on April 5, 2000 with name of chairman of the Committee. As results of the questionnaires contained proposals and opinions on a great numbers of fields, some key-words like words were found on a shape of repeating in most questionnaires. As they were thought to be very important nuclei in these two items, they were further largely classified to use for summarizing proposals and opinions on the questionnaires. This questionnaire had a big characteristic on the duty of the Society in comparison with those in the other organizations. (G.K.)

Kataoka, Isao [Osaka Univ. (Japan); Sekimoto, Hiroshi

2000-08-01

83

Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Questionnaires from Research Committee of Nuclear Safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Research Committee of Nuclear Safety carried out a research on criticality accident at the JCO plant according to statement of president of the Japan Atomic Energy Society on October 8, 1999, of which results are planned to be summarized by the constitutions shown as follows, for a report on the 'Questionnaires of criticality accident in the Uranium Fuel Processing Plant of the JCO, Inc.': general criticality safety, fuel cycle and the JCO, Inc.; elucidation on progress and fact of accident; cause analysis and problem picking-up; proposals on improvement; and duty of the Society. Among them, on last two items, because of a conclusion to be required for members of the Society at discussions of the Committee, some questionnaires were send to more than 1800 of them on April 5, 2000 with name of chairman of the Committee. As results of the questionnaires contained proposals and opinions on a great numbers of fields, some key-words like words were found on a shape of repeating in most questionnaires. As they were thought to be very important nuclei in these two items, they were further largely classified to use for summarizing proposals and opinions on the questionnaires. This questionnaire had a big characteristic on the duty of the Society in comparison with those in the other organizations. (G.K.)

2000-01-01

84

Psychometric assessment of the Behavior and Attitudes Questionnaire for Healthy Habits: measuring parents' views on food and physical activity.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To assess parents' perspectives of their home environments to establish the validity of scores from the Behavior and Attitudes Questionnaire for Healthy Habits (BAQ-HH). DESIGN: In the present descriptive study, we surveyed a cross-sectional sample of parents of pre-school children. Questionnaire items developed in an iterative process with community-based programming addressed parents' knowledge/awareness, attitudes/concerns and behaviours about healthy foods and physical activity habits with 6-point rating scales. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to psychometrically evaluate scores from the scales. SETTING: English and Spanish versions of the BAQ-HH were administered at parent-teacher conferences for pre-school children at ten Head Start centres across a five-county agency in autumn 2010. SUBJECTS: From 672 families with pre-school children, 532 parents provided responses to the BAQ-HH (79 % response rate). The majority was female (83 %), Hispanic (66 %) or white (16 %), and ages ranged from 20 to 39 years (85 %). RESULTS: Exploratory and confirmatory analyses revealed a knowledge scale (seven items), an attitude scale (four items) and three behaviour subscales (three items each). Correlations were identified between parents' perceptions of home activities and reports of children's habits. Differences were identified by gender and ethnicity groupings. CONCLUSIONS: As a first step in psychometric testing, the dimensionality of each of the three scales (Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours) was identified and scale scores were related to other indicators of child behaviours and parents' demographic characteristics. This questionnaire offers a method to measure parents' views to inform planning and monitoring of obesity-prevention education programmes.

Henry BW; Smith TJ; Ahmad S

2013-01-01

85

Using QSEN to measure quality and safety knowledge, skills, and attitudes of experienced pediatric oncology nurses: an international study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes the development of an instrument to measure nursing quality knowledge, skills, and attitudes for practicing pediatric oncology nurses. Because many nurse leaders of academic centers are responsible for outcomes at both local and global level, ensuring nursing quality is critical, given the variability in practice outcomes. METHODS: Quality Improvement Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes (QulSKA), a 73-item electronic questionnaire was developed using QSEN competencies; the six domains include: quality improvement (QI), safety, evidence-based practice, teamwork, patient-centered care, and informatics. Content validity was established by pediatric oncology, QI, and test-construction experts. Nurses from St Jude Children's Research Hospital and US and Latin American affiliate sites were surveyed. RESULTS: Thirty-seven of 216 RNs surveyed participated in the study. The QulSKA inter-item correlation coefficient was 0.839 (P = .001). The mean knowledge score (based on 100) was 69.2 +/- 11.3. Scores were highest for safety (82.9%) and lowest for teamwork (48.6%). The mean skills rating was 3.3 +/- 0.74 (used 2-4 times). Lowest rated skills were in analysis and QI tools. The mean attitude rating was 3.8 +/- 0.25 (highly important). CONCLUSION: Data suggest that QulSKA may be reliable to measure quality knowledge, skills, and attitudes among pediatric oncology nurses-nurses were knowledgeable in QI, yet they lacked skills in practice application.

Dycus P; McKeon L

2009-07-01

86

Survey Result for the Safety Culture Attitude of HANARO in 2008  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] One of the important aims of a nuclear management system is to foster a strong safety culture. The safety culture activities for HANARO have been implemented and the importance of safety management in nuclear activities has also been emphasized since its first operation. HANARO developed its own safety culture indicators by referring to the IAEA's documents for the purpose of the evaluation of the safety culture attitude. In June 2008 a survey on the safety culture was conducted based on the new safety culture indicators. The result of the survey shows that the safety culture activities contribute positively to its safe operation. But it is necessary to encourage some activities like training, resources and organizational culture. The survey was helpful to understand the general trends of the safety attitudes and to set the safety culture activities necessary for the improvement of its safe operation

2009-01-01

87

Equivalência semântica e avaliação da consistência interna da versão em português do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) Semantic equivalence and internal consistency of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi descrever o processo de adaptação transcultural do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) para a língua portuguesa. A metodologia foi baseada nas etapas de (1) tradução do questionário para o português; (2) retrotradução para o inglês; (3) comitê de peritos para construção da primeira versão; (4) avaliação da compreensão verbal por especialistas e por uma amostra da população-alvo; (5) análise da consistência interna do instrumento a partir do alfa de Cronbach. O instrumento foi traduzido para o português e a versão final contou com os 30 itens do instrumento original. Todos os itens foram interpretados como de fácil compreensão, tanto por especialistas quanto pela população-alvo. Os valores de consistência interna foram satisfatórios, sendo de 0,91 para toda a escala. O instrumento encontra-se traduzido e adaptado para o português, com evidências de boa compreensão e consistência interna, sendo ainda necessária a avaliação de sua equivalência de mensuração, validade externa e reprodutibilidade.This study aimed to describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) into Brazilian Portuguese. The methodology involved the following stages: (1) translation of the questionnaire into Portuguese; (2) back-translation into English; (3) meeting with experts to prepare a draft version; (4) assessment of verbal understanding of the draft by experts and by a sample of the target population; and (5) analysis of the tool's internal consistency, using Cronbach's alpha. The questionnaire was translated into Portuguese, and the scale's final version included 30 items, as in the original. Both the experts and target population members assessed all the items as easy to understand. Internal consistency was satisfactory, reaching 0.91 for the scale as a whole. The questionnaire has now been translated and adapted into Portuguese, with evidence of clear understanding and internal consistency. However, it is still necessary to assess its measurement equivalence, external validity, and reproducibility.

Ana Carolina Soares Amaral; Táki Athanássios Cordás; Maria Aparecida Conti; Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira

2011-01-01

88

Attitudes of medical staff towards the psychiatric label "schizophrenic patient" tested by an anti-stigma questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this research was to investigate the opinions and attitudes of medical staff towards schizophrenic patients. The research included three groups of examinees, 200 physicians of various specialties, 200 nurses and technicians working in Zagreb city hospitals, and 200 3rd and 4th year students of the School of Medicine in Zagreb. Previously validated anti-stigma questionnaire was used, consisting of 25 questions divided into three thematic groups, structured and adapted to the specific requirements of this study. The results were mutually compared and statistically analyzed by applying the chi 2-test. Significant difference (p < 0.01) between the answers of physicians and those of medical students was found in questions 2, 4, 5, 6, 11, 13, 15, 16, 18, 22, 23, 25, and between physicians and nurses/technicians in answers to questions 4, 15, 22, 23. Significant difference (p < 0.01) between the answers given by nurses/technicians and medical students was found in questions 10, 13, 22, 23. The results point to the existence of prejudices and stigmatizing attitudes in all three investigated groups. The most frequent reasons for stigmatizing attitude of students are based on fear and insufficient knowledge about mental patients and schizophrenia as a disease, while there are a high percentage of positive answers to the questions on rehabilitation and resocialization. The nurses/technicians also show a high degree of mistrust towards schizophrenic patients and mostly answer with "I don't know", thus presenting insufficiently formed attitudes about the mentioned problems. The physicians in their answers confirm fear, mistrust and stigmatizing attitudes towards schizophrenic patients found in general population in Croatia. The consequences of such attitudes are the low quality of life of schizophrenic patients, and slow, often incomplete, resocialization.

Filipci? I; Pavici? D; Filipci? A; Hotujac L; Begi? D; Grubisin J; Dordevi? V

2003-06-01

89

Evaluation of the Pharmacy Safety Climate Questionnaire in European community pharmacies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the internal reliability, factor structure and construct validity of the Pharmacy Safety Climate Questionnaire (PSCQ) when applied to a pan-European sample of community pharmacies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal and Great Britain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4105 members of the community pharmacy workforce, all drawn from one of the five participating countries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Each participant completed a copy of the Pharmacy Safety Climate Questionnaire in his or her respective language and rated the perceived safety of the pharmacy in which he or she worked. RESULTS: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the data identified four factors that accounted for item responses, with 24 of the original 34 items loading onto them. They were labelled organizational learning, blame culture, working conditions and safety focus. These factors were found to have an acceptable level of reliability (with Cronbach's alpha values ranging from 0.70 to 0.92) and to predict the rating of pharmacy safety. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided information on the PSCQ's psychometric properties when used in community pharmacies in different European countries. A modified version of the original PSCQ (known as PSCQ-4) is presented, and further work is proposed to demonstrate its application to safety improvements in pharmacies.

Phipps DL; De Bie J; Herborg H; Guerreiro M; Eickhoff C; Fernandez-Llimos F; Bouvy ML; Rossing C; Mueller U; Ashcroft DM

2012-02-01

90

Attitudes of medical staff towards the psychiatric label "schizophrenic patient" tested by an anti-stigma questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research was to investigate the opinions and attitudes of medical staff towards schizophrenic patients. The research included three groups of examinees, 200 physicians of various specialties, 200 nurses and technicians working in Zagreb city hospitals, and 200 3rd and 4th year students of the School of Medicine in Zagreb. Previously validated anti-stigma questionnaire was used, consisting of 25 questions divided into three thematic groups, structured and adapted to the specific requirements of this study. The results were mutually compared and statistically analyzed by applying the chi 2-test. Significant difference (p resocialization. The nurses/technicians also show a high degree of mistrust towards schizophrenic patients and mostly answer with "I don't know", thus presenting insufficiently formed attitudes about the mentioned problems. The physicians in their answers confirm fear, mistrust and stigmatizing attitudes towards schizophrenic patients found in general population in Croatia. The consequences of such attitudes are the low quality of life of schizophrenic patients, and slow, often incomplete, resocialization. PMID:12974160

Filipci?, Igor; Pavici?, Dino; Filipci?, Aida; Hotujac, Ljubomir; Begi?, Drazen; Grubisin, Jasmina; Dordevi?, Veljko

2003-06-01

91

The 8th questionnaire survey report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey on safety of nuclear medicine studies was conducted under the subcommittee for radionuclide imaging and nuclear medicine technology of Japan Radioisotope Association to promote patient safety. Questionnaires were sent to 1300 hospitals and 21 clinical laboratories in Japan with 1034 facilities responded (78.3%). Sixty percents of the workers in the facilities were nuclear medicine technologists. Medical doctors comprised 20% of the workers, but 32% in the university hospitals. The number of laboratory technologists decreased in all categories of the facilities. Composite PET/CT scanners increased sharply, whereas 2-detector and 3-detector imaging systems decreased. Regular maintenance was performed in approximately 80% of the SPECT imaging systems, while the single head imaging systems were maintained less frequently. Filmless systems were employed in 25.3% of all of the facilities responded, with the higher rate in the university hospitals. The number of accidents and incidents in the facilities decreased. Falls on floor and fall from an examination bed were reported. The nuclear medicine technologists were concerned about safety mechanism of imaging systems, and dimension and height of examination beds. They also wanted prompt supply of safety information and easy interconnectivity among different data of various vendors' systems. The results of this survey may be a valuable source of information on safety of nuclear medicine procedures. (author)

2008-01-01

92

Injury control in childhood: Family’s attitude and safety counseling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and attitudes of mothers of injured children on potential risks of injury and injury prevention followed by individual safety counseling. Material and Method: The data were collected by a questionnaire from children between 0 and 14 years of age admitted to The Trauma and Emergency Surgery Unit with acute injury, and their families (Grup 1), and children with the same age and sex, followed at The Outpatient Clinic, Department of Pediatrics (Grup 2). Safety counseling was given for risky situations. Results: Very young parents, low socioeconomical level, large family type, to be the first child, were determined as the main factors leading injury. Knowledge about and prevention awareness of injuries were significantly low among the families of injured children (p< 0.001). In Grup 2, more families had information on injury prevention (p< 0.001). Higher number of families consider injuries preventable in Grup 2 (p< 0.001). Conclusions: Education level and prevention awareness are the main factors determining risks of injury. Basic education and counseling at health care centers are the most important factors for injury prevention. (Turk Arch Ped 2008; 43: 127-34)

Dicle Çelik ?nanç; Serpil U?ur Baysal; Zeynep Çetin; Latife Co?gun; Korhan Tavilo?lu; Emin Ünüvar

2008-01-01

93

Direct and Indirect Employee Questionnaires for Assessing Patient Safety in Saudi Hospitals  

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Full Text Available This paper provides information on the reliability and validity of direct and indirect employee questionnaires developed in a study of patient safety that examines the impact of human engineering intervention on both direct and indirect employees. Method: This paper describes the employee questionnaires, which survey various elements of the work system (e.g., heavy workload, inexperience/lack education, staffing issues, fatigue, inadequate technology, distractions, lack of vigilance, lack of adherence to medical administration policies, time constraints, and patient safety climate), the care process, and employee outcomes (e.g., job satisfaction, stress, perceived quality and safety of care provided). Data from a sample of 932 direct staff members and 99 indirect members were used to examine reliability, convergent validity, and predictive validity. Results: The two groups were different on three of the four groups of variables: measures of employee training and education, measures of reactions to medical errors occurred, and measures of participation to decision making related to medical errors. Managers had more positive perceptions of medical staff participation to decision making than medical staff believe. Medical staff was more satisfied with their job and reported significant fewer errors than manager staff claimed. Finally, managers felt that they offered significantly sufficient training programs to the medical staff than medical staff believed. Conclusion: The results provided evidence for the reliability and validity of the study's employee questionnaires.

Khalid S. AL-SALEH; Mohamed Z. RAMADAN

2010-01-01

94

Equivalência semântica e avaliação da consistência interna da versão em português do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3)/ Semantic equivalence and internal consistency of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do estudo foi descrever o processo de adaptação transcultural do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) para a língua portuguesa. A metodologia foi baseada nas etapas de (1) tradução do questionário para o português; (2) retrotradução para o inglês; (3) comitê de peritos para construção da primeira versão; (4) avaliação da compreensão verbal por especialistas e por uma amostra da população-alvo; (5) análise da c (more) onsistência interna do instrumento a partir do alfa de Cronbach. O instrumento foi traduzido para o português e a versão final contou com os 30 itens do instrumento original. Todos os itens foram interpretados como de fácil compreensão, tanto por especialistas quanto pela população-alvo. Os valores de consistência interna foram satisfatórios, sendo de 0,91 para toda a escala. O instrumento encontra-se traduzido e adaptado para o português, com evidências de boa compreensão e consistência interna, sendo ainda necessária a avaliação de sua equivalência de mensuração, validade externa e reprodutibilidade. Abstract in english This study aimed to describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) into Brazilian Portuguese. The methodology involved the following stages: (1) translation of the questionnaire into Portuguese; (2) back-translation into English; (3) meeting with experts to prepare a draft version; (4) assessment of verbal understanding of the draft by experts and by a sample of the target population; and (5) analysis of (more) the tool's internal consistency, using Cronbach's alpha. The questionnaire was translated into Portuguese, and the scale's final version included 30 items, as in the original. Both the experts and target population members assessed all the items as easy to understand. Internal consistency was satisfactory, reaching 0.91 for the scale as a whole. The questionnaire has now been translated and adapted into Portuguese, with evidence of clear understanding and internal consistency. However, it is still necessary to assess its measurement equivalence, external validity, and reproducibility.

Amaral, Ana Carolina Soares; Cordás, Táki Athanássios; Conti, Maria Aparecida; Ferreira, Maria Elisa Caputo

2011-08-01

95

The construction and preliminary validation of the Internet Behaviours and Attitudes Questionnaire (IBAQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study describes the construction and preliminary validation of a measure of the attitudes and behaviours of convicted men whose offences are related to Internet child 'pornography' (abusive images). An initial measure was constructed through the generation of items with reference to the emerging literature on these offenders. Phase 1 involved piloting this first version of the measure with 40 Internet sexual offenders incarcerated in Her Majesty's Prison Service. Phase 2 involved the validation of an improved version of the IBAQ with 123 Internet sexual offenders both incarcerated in Her Majesty's Prison Service and subject to community dispositions. The measure had excellent internal consistency. Following factor analysis a two factor solution, 'distorted thinking', and 'self-management' emerged from the attitudinal items. The attitude measure was not influenced by social desirability, and was able to discriminate participants who disclosed the greater number of 'offending behaviours'. These results are discussed in terms of their clinical implications.

O'Brien MD; Webster SD

2007-09-01

96

[Validation of a questionnaire to assess patient safety culture in Spanish Primary Health Care professionals].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJETIVE: To validate a tool to measure patient safety culture in Spanish primary care professionals. METHODS: Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture (MOSPSC), from the Agency for Healthcare and Research in Quality (AHRQ). The process has been performed in five steps: original version traslation, conceptual equivalence evaluation, acceptability and viability assessment, content validity and questionnaire test and response analysis and psichometric properties assessment. SETTING: Primary care. SUBJECTS: 185 Primary care professionals from different Spanish regions represented the sample test. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frecuency, response pattern and discrimination power of each item. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and dimensions obtained through factor analysis. RESULTS: 17, 8% of respondents answered all the items and 28, 7% of them did not answer, or answered the option "Don't know/Does not apply", to one to four items. All the sentences, with only one exception, present discrimination capacity. Cronbach's alpha coefficient results 0,96 and information is sumarized in 15 factors obtaining the same items in 7 of the total 12 factors in the original questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: Traslated, adapted, extended and validated AHRQ questionnaire is, in this setting, a reliable and useful instrument and it must be used for international comparisons.

Torijano-Casalengua ML; Olivera-Cañadas G; Astier-Peña MP; Maderuelo-Fernández JÁ; Silvestre-Busto C

2013-01-01

97

Food Safety Attitudes in College Students: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of a Conceptual Model  

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Full Text Available College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18–25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safety. Knowledge seems to be an important factor in shaping students attitudes regarding general and bacterial safety. Ethnicity plays a role in how people view the politics of food safety, and the safety of organic foods.

Rachelle Booth; Magaly Hernandez; Erica L. Baker; Tevni Grajales; Peter Pribis

2013-01-01

98

Food safety attitudes in college students: a structural equation modeling analysis of a conceptual model.  

Science.gov (United States)

College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18-25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safety. Knowledge seems to be an important factor in shaping students attitudes regarding general and bacterial safety. Ethnicity plays a role in how people view the politics of food safety, and the safety of organic foods. PMID:23364131

Booth, Rachelle; Hernandez, Magaly; Baker, Erica L; Grajales, Tevni; Pribis, Peter

2013-01-30

99

Food safety attitudes in college students: a structural equation modeling analysis of a conceptual model.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18-25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safety. Knowledge seems to be an important factor in shaping students attitudes regarding general and bacterial safety. Ethnicity plays a role in how people view the politics of food safety, and the safety of organic foods.

Booth R; Hernandez M; Baker EL; Grajales T; Pribis P

2013-02-01

100

Research Engagement and Attitudes to Teaching Research to Healthcare Students: A Questionnaire Study of Healthcare Educators  

Science.gov (United States)

The evidence-based practice agenda in many healthcare professions has increased the importance of teaching research skills to students in these professions. However, concern exists that many healthcare educators may be reluctant to teach research. This study investigated potential barriers to their adoption of this role. A questionnaire was…

Ning, Mair; Murphy, Philip; Jinks, Annette Mary

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Pharmacists’ attitudes and awareness towards the use and safety of herbs in Kuwait.  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes among pharmacists in Kuwait towards the use of herbs. Methods: Self-administered questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private pharmacies in Kuwait.Results: The mean age was 34.2 (SD=7.5) years. About 51% of pharmacists reported they had used herbal therapy in their lifetime. The majority were interested in herbal information, and their herbal information came mainly from their previous classes during college. Although the pharmacists’ knowledge about uses of selected herbs was good, their awareness about side effects of those herbs was modest. About 31% of the pharmacists did not have enough information about potential interactions between herbs and conventional medicines. Conclusion: Herbal information is needed for pharmacy students as part of the Pharmacy College curriculum. Continuing education programs for practising pharmacists about the safety of different herbal products should be established in Kuwait.

Abahussain NA; Abahussain EA; Al-Oumi FM

2007-01-01

102

Knowledge and attitude of final - year medical students in Germany towards palliative care - an interinstitutional questionnaire-based study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background To care for terminally ill and dying patients requires a thorough medical education, encompassing skills, knowledge, and attitudes in the field of palliative care. Undergraduate medical students in Germany will receive mandatory teaching in palliative care in the near future driven by recent changes in the Medical Licensure Act. Before new curricula can be implemented, the knowledge of medical students with respect to palliative care, their confidence to handle palliative care situations correctly, their therapeutic attitude, and their subjective assessment about previous teaching practices have to be better understood. Method We designed a composite, three-step questionnaire (self estimation of confidence, knowledge questions, and opinion on the actual and future medical curriculum) conducted online of final - year medical students at two universities in Germany. Results From a total of 318 enrolled students, 101 responded and described limited confidence in dealing with specific palliative care issues, except for pain therapy. With regard to questions examining their knowledge base in palliative care, only one third of the students (33%) answered more than half of the questions correctly. Only a small percentage of students stated they had gained sufficient knowledge and experience in palliative care during their studies, and the vast majority supported the introduction of palliative care as a mandatory part of the undergraduate curriculum. Conclusion This study identifies medical students' limited confidence and knowledge base in palliative care in 2 German universities, and underlines the importance of providing a mandatory palliative care curriculum.

Weber Martin; Schmiedel Sven; Nauck Friedemann; Alt-Epping Bernd

2011-01-01

103

The 7th questionnaire report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The questionnaire has been done every three years from 1986 for the ultimate purpose of safe medical examinations and this 7th one was performed for the objective period of April 1, 2001-March 31, 2004. Subjects were 1,275 nuclear medicine facilities and answers were obtained in 77.2%. Questionnaire concerned the personnel involved in nuclear medical examinations (qualifications/medical doctor, pharmacist and radiology technologist and others), instruments (an additional investigation in the present period was conducted on PET/CT with cyclotron and automatic synthesis equipment and on SPECT/CT), accidents experienced, matters possibly leading to accident, improvement in safety control, serious trouble and breakage of the instrument, requests for the instrument manufacturers and so on. Results were: qualified radiology technologists amounted to 70% and doctors, 20%; personnel number for tests in vitro tended decreased; SPECT-camera with 2 detectors increased and with 1, obviously decreased; PET and related equipments greatly increased; check rate for imaging instruments was about 80%; gamma cameras were used over their maximum time limits recommended by manufacturers; actual accidents at examination increased but were not serious; improvements of instruments for safety sensor and of operation to avoid errors were required; mind for preventing accident was improved; many requests for the manufacturers were proposed. (author)

2005-01-01

104

[Design and validation of a questionnaire on attitudes to prevention and health promotion in primary care (CAPPAP).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a questionnaire to measure attitudes towards prevention and health promotion. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study for the validation of a questionnaire. LOCATION: Primary Health Care (autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain). PARTICIPANTS: 282 professionals (nurses and doctors) belonging to the Public Health System. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Content validation by experts, ceiling effects and floor effects, correlation between items, internal consistency, stability and exploratory factor analysis. RESULTS: The 56 items of the tool (CAPPAP) obtained, including those from the review of other tools and the contributions of the experts, were grouped into 5 dimensions. The percentage of expert agreement was over 70% on all items, and a high concordance between prevention and promotion item was obtained, thus, duplicates were removed leaving a final tool with 44 items. The internal consistency, measured by Cronbach's alpha, was 0.888. The test retest indicated concordance from substantial to almost perfect. Exploratory factor analysis identified five factors that accounted for 48.92% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: CAPPAP is a tool that is quick and easy to administer, that is well accepted by professionals, and that has acceptable psychometric results, both globally and at the level of each dimension.

Ramos-Morcillo AJ; Martínez-López EJ; Fernández-Salazar S; Del-Pino-Casado R

2013-07-01

105

Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS) questionnaire adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese Adaptação para o português brasileiro do questionário: Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The growing exposure of teenagers to environmental noise and music has generated interest in studies about the impact of such exposure, as well as the measures taken in these situations. Therefore, it is fundamental to use a valid and reliable instrument. AIM: to validate a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Youth Attitude to Noise Scale questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN: cross-sectional, repeated measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Translation from English into Portuguese, pre-test, linguistic adaptation, review of grammar and idiomatic equivalence, and translation from Portuguese back to English. Instrument application. Retesting within 30 to 90 days. Measurement of the questions used following Likert's scale. Through factorial analysis, explanation for the connections among a set of variables. RESULTS: there was a match between translation and counter-translation. The questions were satisfactorily understood. The factorial analysis was well defined with the use of four factors. The instrument's reproducibility was proven by the 0.75 Cronback Alpha general index. CONCLUSIONS: Significant correlations, indicating the construction and content validity for its use, serving as a tool to assess the attitudes of the youth facing exposure to environmental noise or music.A crescente exposição da população adolescente ao ruído ambiental e à música tem gerado interesse de estudos sobre o impacto desta exposição, bem como das atitudes tomadas frente a estas situações. Portanto, é fundamental que seja utilizado um instrumento confiável e válido. OBJETIVO: Validar para a língua portuguesa, versão do questionário Youth Attitude to Noise Scale. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Transversal, medidas repetidas. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Tradução do idioma inglês para o português, pré-teste, adaptação linguística, revisão da equivalência gramatical e idiomática, processo inverso de tradução do português para o inglês. Aplicação do instrumento. Realização do reteste, num prazo de 30 a 90 dias. Medição das questões utilizadas seguindo a escala de Likert. Através da análise fatorial, explicação para a ligação entre um conjunto de variáveis. RESULTADOS: Houve correspondência nas traduções e contratraduções. O entendimento das questões foi satisfatório. A análise fatorial ficou bem definida com a adoção de quatro fatores. A reprodutibilidade do instrumento foi demonstrada pelo índice geral do Alfa de Cronbach de 0,75. CONCLUSÕES: Correlações significativas, indicando a validade de construção e conteúdo para seu uso, servindo como instrumento na avaliação das atitudes dos jovens diante da exposição ao ruído ambiental ou à música.

Angela Maria Fontana Zocoli; Thais Catalani Morata; Jair Mendes Marques

2009-01-01

106

The Attitude of Civil Engineering Students towards Health and Safety Risk Management: A Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The highest rate of accidents and injuries in British industries has been reported by the construction industry during the past decade. Since then stakeholders have recognised that a possible solution would be to inculcate a good attitude towards health and safety risk management in undergraduate civil engineering students and construction…

Petersen, A. K.; Reynolds, J. H.; Ng, L. W. T.

2008-01-01

107

Dog safety in rural China: Children's sources of safety information and effect on knowledge, attitudes, and practices.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dog bites are a significant pediatric public health challenge in rural China. This study evaluated the effect of various sources of dog-safety information on children's knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices with dogs. A total of 1925 children (grade 3-6) between 6 and 15 years old in four rural regions across China participated between May and September 2012. Results showed that teachers and especially parents were effective information sources for children to learn about dog safety. Learning from peers and children teaching themselves were ineffective education strategies. Multi-source learning (from both parents and teachers) did not differ from single-source learning (from parents but not teachers) but did exceed learning from teachers but not parents or no learning from adults. Older age was associated with greater safety knowledge but also riskier practices with dogs. Girls generally held more safety knowledge, less risky attitudes/beliefs and safer practices than boys. Neither age nor gender interacted with information sources on outcome measures. In conclusion, parents appear to play a major role in educating children in rural China on dog safety. Future dog safety interventions might focus on changing cognition and behavior as well as delivering basic knowledge to youth through teachers and especially parents. PMID:23792615

Shen, J; Li, S; Xiang, H; Pang, S; Xu, G; Yu, G; Schwebel, D C

2013-06-01

108

Dog safety in rural China: Children's sources of safety information and effect on knowledge, attitudes, and practices.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Dog bites are a significant pediatric public health challenge in rural China. This study evaluated the effect of various sources of dog-safety information on children's knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices with dogs. A total of 1925 children (grade 3-6) between 6 and 15 years old in four rural regions across China participated between May and September 2012. Results showed that teachers and especially parents were effective information sources for children to learn about dog safety. Learning from peers and children teaching themselves were ineffective education strategies. Multi-source learning (from both parents and teachers) did not differ from single-source learning (from parents but not teachers) but did exceed learning from teachers but not parents or no learning from adults. Older age was associated with greater safety knowledge but also riskier practices with dogs. Girls generally held more safety knowledge, less risky attitudes/beliefs and safer practices than boys. Neither age nor gender interacted with information sources on outcome measures. In conclusion, parents appear to play a major role in educating children in rural China on dog safety. Future dog safety interventions might focus on changing cognition and behavior as well as delivering basic knowledge to youth through teachers and especially parents.

Shen J; Li S; Xiang H; Pang S; Xu G; Yu G; Schwebel DC

2013-10-01

109

Predictors of health care professionals' attitudes towards involvement in safety-relevant behaviours.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patients can make valuable contributions towards promoting the safety of their health care. Health care professionals (HCPs) could play an important role in encouraging patient involvement in safety-relevant behaviours. However, to date factors that determine HCPs' attitudes towards patient participation in this area remain largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of HCPs' attitudes towards patient involvement in safety-relevant behaviours. DESIGN: A 22-item cross-sectional fractional factorial survey that assessed HCPs' attitudes towards patient involvement in relation to two error scenarios relating to hand hygiene and medication safety. SETTING: ? Four hospitals in London PARTICIPANTS: ? Two hundred sixteen HCPs (116 doctors; 100 nurses) aged between 21 and 60 years (mean: 32): 129 female. OUTCOME MEASURES: Approval of patient's behaviour, HCP response to the patient, anticipated effects on the patient-HCP relationship, support for being asked as a HCP, affective rating response to the vignettes. RESULTS: HCPs elicited more favourable attitudes towards patients intervening about a medication error than about hand sanitation. Across vignettes and error scenarios, the strongest predictors of attitudes were how the patient intervened and how the HCP responded to the patient's behaviour. With regard to HCP characteristics, doctors viewed patients intervening less favourably than nurses. CONCLUSIONS: HCPs perceive patients intervening about a potential error less favourably if the patient's behaviour is confrontational in nature or if the HCP responds to the patient intervening in a discouraging manner. In particular, if a HCP responds negatively to the patient (irrespective of whether an error actually occurred), this is perceived as having negative effects on the HCP-patient relationship.

Davis R; Briggs M; Arora S; Moss R; Schwappach D

2013-08-01

110

Truck drivers' opinion on road safety in Tanzania--a questionnaire study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Even though the traffic fatality risk (fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants) in Tanzania is quite low, the fatality rate (fatalities per 10,000 vehicles) is one of the highest in the world. With increasing vehicle density this means that the number of people dying in traffic will increase dramatically in the near future. Therefore, it is important to implement measures to increase traffic safety as soon as possible, and in order to be able to do this in an efficient way, it is important to investigate where the main problems lie. METHODS: Within the European Union (EU) project ASSET-Road a questionnaire study on road safety was conducted with 250 truck drivers in Tanzania. The study was done to increase the knowledge about the situation of the Tanzanian truckers, who are the most frequent road users in the country. The drivers were interviewed in 3 different towns in southern Tanzania, and participation was voluntary. The questionnaire treated demographics, the state of the drivers' vehicles, the frequency of breakdowns, and the maintenance of the vehicles. Further questions concerned driver behavior, crash involvement, crash risk, and crash mitigation. RESULTS: The drivers who participated in the study were predominantly male and their average age was 36 years. Truck drivers reported driving 10.6 h without a break on average, with several drivers reporting that they had to drive 24 h without rest. Around 40 percent of the trucks did not have any seat belts installed, with a larger share of older trucks lacking belts. Most of the drivers who had seat belts reported using them, however. Almost 40 percent of the drivers reported being involved in at least one crash, and 45 percent of those drivers had experienced fatal crashes. This underlines that the crash frequency per vehicle is very high, and the results are often severe, especially when heavy vehicles are involved. When asked what the 3 most common crash causations were, driver-related causes were named frequently. Drivers were said to be reckless, and further crash causations named were drunkenness, inattention, and sleepiness. One of the most frequently mentioned crash mitigation strategies was driver education, followed by improvement of the roads and the vehicles. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that countermeasures should be implemented in an integrated fashion, taking into account aspects such as driver, vehicle, infrastructure, legislature, and other road users.

Kircher K; Andersson J

2013-01-01

111

Safety of biologics: Elaboration and validation of a questionnaire assessing patients' self-care safety skills: The BioSecure questionnaire. An initiative of the French Rheumatology Society Therapeutic Education section.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Biologics are known to entail specific risks (e.g. infections). Patients should possess self-care safety skills to develop appropriate behaviors in situations of risks (e.g. fever). To date, there is no adequate tool to assess these skills. OBJECTIVES: To elaborate a questionnaire to measure knowledge and skills regarding safety issues, for patients treated by biologics. METHODS: Three-step process. (1) A steering group of 10 rheumatologists, one pharmacist and two allied health professionals elaborated an exhaustive list of safety skills. Through a 3-round Delphi process involving the steering group, 14 patients on biologics and 14 other allied health professionals, the list of skills was reduced. (2) A corresponding series of questions and of clinical situations with multiple-choice answers were designed. (3) Preliminary validation was performed against the physician's opinion on skills, and reliability was assessed. RESULTS: The list includes 24 skills e.g. how to deal with fever, planned surgery, dental care, travel, minor traumas, and immunizations. A 55-question questionnaire was constructed. Preliminary validation (62 patients) showed the questionnaire was filled in 10minutes (median) and correlated to the physician's opinion of skills (R=0.47, P<0.0001) but not to disease status or disease duration. The median score was 75% (range 20%-96%). The questionnaire was reliable: intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.83 (95% CI: 0.63-0.93). CONCLUSION: A simple (multiple-choice questionnaire) and valid tool investigating a core set of safety skills has been developed. This tool could be useful to detect further educational needs regarding biologics safety, and to assess the efficacy of oriented educational interventions.

Gossec L; Fautrel B; Flipon E; Lecoq d'André F; Marguerie L; Nataf H; Pallot Prades B; Piperno M; Poilverd RM; Rat AC; Sadji F; Sordet C; Thevenot C; Beauvais C

2013-08-01

112

Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female) and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc.) of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks) and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

Nihat Aycan; Suat Türko?uz; Özlem Toku?o?lu

2005-01-01

113

A questionnaire survey of critical care nurses' attitudes to delirium assessment before and after introduction of the CAM-ICU.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Nurses are usually the first to identify delirium in ICU patients. We aimed to assess the attitudes of Australian critical care nurses when we introduced the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU). METHODS: We surveyed all 174 nurses in our ICU using two questionnaires: first after a one-month period of mandated but unstructured delirium assessments, and then following one month of CAM-ICU assessments. We also quantified antipsychotic medication usage by inspecting pharmacy records. FINDINGS: The first survey response rate was 65/174 (37%). Most nurses (73%) thought active delirium assessment was important, and 93% thought their assessments were worth the time required. These assessments were largely unstructured, as only 20% knew a formal delirium test, and only 7% sometimes used one. The second survey response rate was 45/174 (26%). Most (89%) still thought delirium assessment was important, but only 75% thought the CAM-ICU worth the time required (p=0.01 compared to unstructured assessments). Similar proportions (75% and 73%) were confident in the accuracy of their assessments. Many (33%) found the CAM-ICU 'quite' or 'very' hard to perform, but despite this, 82% wanted to continue to use it. Free-text answers suggested this was because medical staff paid more attention to the CAM-ICU. Supporting this, prescriptions of antipsychotic medications increased significantly in the CAM-ICU period. CONCLUSION: Critical care nurses in our Australian ICU who responded to our survey think delirium assessment is important. Although they find unstructured assessments easier to perform, they wanted to persist with the CAM-ICU, in part because it facilitated more appropriate pharmacological treatment of delirium for their patients. We recommend the CAM-ICU as a tool to improve communication between nurses and physicians in the management of delirium.

Eastwood GM; Peck L; Bellomo R; Baldwin I; Reade MC

2012-08-01

114

[School teachers' knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards road safety: results from a multicenter cross-sectional study in Italy].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study is to investigate knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of secondary school teachers towards traffic safety behaviors. The study is concerning data coming from a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaires filled in by school teachers of Lazio and Campania regions. 262 teachers entered into the study. Among the scooter holders, 69.2% did use helmet; 95.8% of people who drives car uses seatbelts. The scooter and bicycle helmet is considered useful for 99.6% and 57.4% of participants. The accident rate depends on the means of transportation used: 10.8% and 19% for bicycle and scooter riders, respectively, and 44.6%for the car drivers. Regarding injuries using a bicycle, teachers with less than 40 years are less involved in accidents compared to the over 40 years (OR = 0.19; p = 0.05), as well as teachers who are married (OR = 0.16; p = 0.03) compared to the other group (single/widowed/divorced). Car accidents involve less frequently women (OR = 0.60; p = 0.05) compared to males. Road accidents prevention is part of the health priorities indicated in the National Health Plan, the National Prevention Plan and Regional Prevention Plans. School teachers' can play an important role in students' education on road safety, and there is the need to improve knowledge and behaviors in this field.

Miccoli S; Giraldi G; Boccia A; La Torre G

2012-07-01

115

University students' knowledge of, and attitudes towards, HIV and AIDS, homosexuality and sexual risk behaviour: a questionnaire survey in two Finnish universities.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study describes Finnish university students' knowledge and attitudes towards HIV and AIDS, homosexuality and sexual risk behaviour. Finnish-speaking students were randomly selected from all registered students at two universities in Finland (N = 9715, n = 950). The data were collected by using a modified version of the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Nursing AIDS Study Questionnaire on sexual risk behaviour developed by Held and Chng. The total response rate was 35% (n = 333). The data were analysed using quantitative statistical methods. Normally distributed data were analysed by t-test and one-way ANOVA, with Bonferroni corrections. Non-normally distributed data were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U-test and Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by a post-hoc test. The majority of students were familiar with HIV and AIDS, including its mode of transmission. However, there were still some misconceptions concerning HIV and AIDS. The oldest students and women had a more positive attitude towards people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA). Of patients with HIV or AIDS, intravenous drug users were perceived most negatively. Male students had more homophobic attitudes. Students who reported that religion had an important role in their lives had significantly stricter attitudes towards sexual risk behaviour. Students' knowledge correlated positively with general attitudes towards HIV and AIDS. Knowledge about HIV and AIDS will lead to more positive attitudes towards HIV and AIDS as a disease, towards those infected as well as homosexual people. There is a need to focus on preventive health care and sexual health promotion by educating young people and changing their attitudes towards sexual risk behaviour.

Korhonen T; Kylmä J; Houtsonen J; Välimäki M; Suominen T

2012-11-01

116

An overview of responses to the amigo questionnaire on the use of geoscience data in safety cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AMIGO is the acronym for the OECD/NEA project on the topic of Approaches and Methods for Integrating Geological Information into the Safety Case. A key objective of the AMIGO project is to foster awareness of geoscience and its continuing role in the development of a repository safety case. As part of this effort, AMIGO undertook to document current international experience with respect to the practical usage, communication and management of geo-scientific data and information that underpin an explanation of the geosphere and its evolution as relevant to assessing repository performance and safety. This paper summarises the responses and collective experiences of many AMIGO participants captured in a questionnaire that provides a snapshot of the evolving role of geoscience in the preparation and communication of a deep geological repository (DGR) safety case for long-lived radioactive waste. (authors)

2009-01-01

117

Attitudes and beliefs about adolescent work and workplace safety among parents of working adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: This study was designed to examine the attitudes and beliefs of the parents of working adolescents related to the safety of the employment of their children. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey was conducted in 2003 among English-speaking parents of working adolescents aged 14-18 years in the continental United States. Questions addressed parental concerns about adolescents' employment and potential safety issues at work. RESULTS: Most parents expressed favorable attitudes about adolescent employment, although many expressed concerns about fatigue (48%), problems completing schoolwork (33%), or spending time with families (35%). Half of all parents indicated concerns about adolescents being present during a robbery, and 40-50% were concerned about adolescents working alone or not having adequate safety training. Parents were favorable to laws that regulate the teen work environment, although most (69%) also indicated that parents, not laws, should determine the work that teens do. CONCLUSIONS: Parents of working teens are favorable to their teens working, but they do have varied concerns about safety. Although many parents believe they should set the rules about teen work, they are also generally supportive of governmental regulation of hours and tasks. Helping parents understand child labor policies and consider evidence about work hazards may facilitate their ability to provide appropriate advice to their children.

Runyan CW; Schulman M; Dal Santo J; Bowling JM; Agans R

2009-04-01

118

Patient safety event reporting expectation: does it influence residents' attitudes and reporting behaviors?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Internal Medicine resident (IMR) physician reporting of patient safety events (PSEs) is suboptimal and may be related to poor attitudes toward reporting. PURPOSE: The objective was to evaluate the impact of a PSE reporting expectation on the rates of reporting among IMRs. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, IMRs were informed of an expectation to submit 1 or more PSE report per month based on the ACGME core competencies. The PSE reports were collected over 9 months and compared with a 4-month baseline before the expectation. Report quality and IMRs' attitudes were also evaluated. RESULTS: There was a significant and initial increase in the total number of reports. However, the number of IMRs meeting the expectation of 1 or more report per month initially rose but was not sustained over the 9-month observational period. Report quality and IMRs attitudes toward reporting were positive but unchanged over time. CONCLUSIONS: Although a reporting expectation increased the total number of reports, the majority of IMRs did not maintain a 1 or more PSE report per month despite positive attitudes.

Boike JR; Bortman JS; Radosta JM; Turner CL; Anderson-Shaw L; Centomani NM; Chamberlin WH; Mayer D; McDonald T; Goldstein JL

2013-06-01

119

Bicycle-related injuries to children and parental attitudes regarding bicycle safety.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study was designed to evaluate bicycle-related injuries among children requiring emergency treatment, assess the use of safety measures before and after injuries, and determine parental attitudes regarding bicycle safety. Six hundred fifty-eight children were treated for bicycle-related injuries during the study period. Follow-up contact with patients' families was made by telephone or mail within 2 months. Use of safety equipment other than brakes and reflectors occurred in less than 7% of cases. Less than 25% of children used hand signals. Sixty-eight percent of children reportedly owned a bicycle helmet before the injury, but only 26.1% "always" and 29.7% "never" wore a helmet. Given the high parental understanding of the importance of bicycle helmet use, more education and warnings alone are unlikely to increase helmet usage. Parents support a mandatory helmet use law, and therefore, local and state bicycle helmet ordinances and laws should be combined with education.

Ortega HW; Shields BJ; Smith GA

2004-04-01

120

A qualitative exploration of patients' attitudes towards the 'Participate Inform Notice Know' (PINK) patient safety video.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' attitudes towards the PINK video, a patient education video aimed at encouraging hospital patients' involvement in safety-relevant behaviours. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews. Detailed field notes were taken during the interviews which were analysed using content analysis. SETTING: One National Health System (NHS) teaching hospital based in London, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six in-patients aged between 20 and 79 years, 18 of them males. INTERVENTION: The PINK video is a short animated educational video aimed at encouraging patients to be involved in the safety of their care during hospitalization. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients' perceptions of how informative, relevant and acceptable the video is; attitudes towards participating in the recommended safety-related behaviours and; potential negative side effects of watching the video. RESULTS: Overall the video was received favourably among the interviewees. Commonly cited benefits included raising awareness and facilitating patients to be involved in their care during their hospital stay. More variability was found in participants' views with regard to the video's role as a patient safety enhancement tool. A number of suggestions for improvement of the video were provided relating to tailoring its content and design to meet the needs of individual patients and their circumstances. CONCLUSIONS: Educational videos such as PINK have significant potential to empower patients in the safety and quality of their care. However, efforts to implement patient safety educational videos in practice need to consider different patient groups' needs and characteristics instead of trying to adopt 'a one size fits all' approach.

Pinto A; Vincent C; Darzi A; Davis R

2013-02-01

 
 
 
 
121

Cuestionario para evaluar en médicos conductas, conocimientos y actitudes sobre la higiene de manos Questionnaire to assess behavior, knowledge and attitudes on hand hygiene among physicians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: La necesidad de generar instrumentos válidos y fiables para medir aspectos relacionados con la higiene de manos es importante para conocer la situación actual y el impacto de las acciones formativas en los profesionales. El objetivo principal del trabajo es validar un cuestionario sobre higiene de manos en médicos y analizar sus propiedades de la medida. Método: Estudio instrumental en el cual se elaboró un cuestionario que se aplicó entre enero de 2010 y marzo de 2011 en el Hospital Clínico San Cecilio (Granada). Éste constó finalmente de 44 ítems que evalúan la conducta del profesional médico antes y después del contacto con el paciente, los conocimientos declarativos y las actitudes sobre la higiene de manos. Se aplicó a 113 profesionales. Resultados: Tras realizar los análisis factoriales se obtuvieron datos que avalan la unidimensionalidad de la herramienta, con un valor de convergencia general que explica el 39,289% de la varianza total y un valor alfa de Cronbach para elementos tipificados de 0,784. Hay diferencias significativas entre la conducta de higiene de manos antes y después del contacto con el paciente (t=-8,991; p Objective: Valid and reliable instruments to measure aspects of hand hygiene are needed to determine the current situation and impact of training among health professionals. The main objective of this study was to describe the development of a questionnaire on hand hygiene among health professionals and to analyze the properties of this instrument. Method: A questionnaire was designed and implemented between January 2010 and March 2011 at the Hospital Clínico San Cecilio (Granada, Spain). The final questionnaire consisted of 44 items that assessed provider behavior before and after contact with the patient, declarative knowledge, and attitudes to hand hygiene. The questionnaire was administered to 113 health professionals. Results: A factor analysis was performed. Data were obtained that supported the unidimensionality of the instrument with a general convergence value that explained 39.289% of the total variance and a Cronbach's alpha of 0.784 for the established elements. Significant differences were found in hand hygiene behavior before and after contact with the patient (t=-8,991, p <0.001). Declarative knowledge and attitudes significantly predicted behavior. Conclusions: The questionnaire shows high internal consistency, reliability, and validity and is thus a valid tool to assess behavior, knowledge and attitudes related to hand hygiene in health professionals. This instrument also detects deficiencies in basic knowledge.

Joaquín González-Cabrera; María Fernández-Prada; Humberto M. Trujillo Mendoza

2012-01-01

122

Attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine in chronic pain syndromes: a questionnaire-based comparison between primary headache and low back pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used and popular among patients with primary headache or low back pain (LBP). Aim of the study was to analyze attitudes of headache and LBP patients towards the use of CAM. Methods Two questionnaire-based surveys were applied comparing 432 primary headache and 194 LBP patients. Results In total, 84.75% of all patients reported use of CAM; with significantly more LBP patients. The most frequently-used CAM therapies in headache were acupuncture (71.4%), massages (56.4%), and thermotherapy (29.2%), in LBP thermotherapy (77.4%), massages (62.7%), and acupuncture (51.4%). The most frequent attitudes towards CAM use in headache vs. LBP: "leave nothing undone" (62.5% vs. 52.1%; p = 0.006), "take action against the disease" (56.8% vs. 43.2%; p = 0.006). Nearly all patients with previous experience with CAM currently use CAM in both conditions (93.6% in headache; 100% in LBP). However, the majority of the patients had no previous experience. Conclusion Understanding motivations for CAM treatment is important, because attitudes derive from wishes for non-pharmacological treatment, to be more involved in treatment and avoid side effects. Despite higher age and more permanent pain in LBP, both groups show high use of CAM with only little specific difference in preferred methods and attitudes towards CAM use. This may reflect deficits and unfulfilled goals in conventional treatment. Maybe CAM can decrease the gap between patients' expectations about pain therapy and treatment reality, considering that both conditions are often chronic diseases, causing high burdens for daily life.

Gaul Charly; Schmidt Thomas; Czaja Eva; Eismann Regina; Zierz Stephan

2011-01-01

123

Assessment of reliability and validity of a new safety culture questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and aims   As a Development of Industrial process, human, environment, equipment, material and validity of system has been exposed to hazardous conditions. Regards of 32.3 percent of occupations in industries, this study focused on risk assessment of foundry unit by energy trace and barrier analysis (ETBA) method and presented approaches to control of accident.     Methods   the recent study is as a case study one to risk assessment in a foundry unit in Qazvin industrial city in1387. In this study risks were founded by ETBA method and evaluated by MILSTD- 882B. Data were collected by direct observations, interview with workers and supervisor and engineers, walking-talking through method, documents investigation of operational processors, preventive maintenances, equipment technical properties, accidental and medical documents. Finally ETBA worksheets completed.     Results   totally 154 risks has been found. 40 from total are been unacceptable risk, 68 unfavorable and also 46 acceptable but with remediation action. Casting workshop had risks more than other workshops (with 74 identified risks).Potential and heat energies were founded as most   hazardous energies, with respectively 51 and 38 risk cases.     Conclusion   This study recommended to be done actions for identification and control risk, such as: safety training, occupation training, preventive maintenance, contract safety, safety  communication and safety audit group.  

H. Nouri Parkestani; I. Alimohammadi; Sh. Arghami; M.R. Ghohari; A.A. Farshad

2010-01-01

124

Questionnaire report of safety control on instrument in nuclear medicine laboratory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A questionaire survey concerning the safety of equipment and facilities used in nuclear medicine laboratories was made in order to clarify the incidence of accidents during nuclear medicine testing. The questionaire consists of two parts. One part contains questions regarding the testing personnel, facilities, equipment and maintenance and management of the equipment. The other part deals with accidents that had occurred within the areas under management, potential risks that may cause accidents, measures to improve safety management, troubles with and failure of equipment, and requests and opinions directed to equipment manufactures. It is concluded from results of the survey that to raise the safety of equipment, so-called man-machine interfaces should be improved by increasing the durability of equipment and performance of the personnel operating the equipment while reducing the physical and mental effects on the persons subjected to testing. Systematic educational measures, including lecture meetings and training courses, are required to raise the consciousness of personnel. Such education and training should cover safety handling techniques, including those for checking of equipment and for instructing and helping the persons under testing. (Nogami, K.)

1987-01-01

125

Questionnaire report of safety control on instrument in nuclear medicine laboratory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A questionaire survey concerning the safety of equipment and facilities used in nuclear medicine laboratories was made in order to clarify the incidence of accidents during nuclear medicine testing. The questionaire consists of two parts. One part contains questions regarding the testing personnel, facilities, equipment and maintenance and management of the equipment. The other part deals with accidents that had occurred within the areas under management, potential risks that may cause accidents, measures to improve safety management, troubles with and failure of equipment, and requests and opinions directed to equipment manufactures. It is concluded from results of the survey that to raise the safety of equipment, so-called man-machine interfaces should be improved by increasing the durability of equipment and performance of the personnel operating the equipment while reducing the physical and mental effects on the persons subjected to testing. Systematic educational measures, including lecture meetings and training courses, are required to raise the consciousness of personnel. Such education and training should cover safety handling techniques, including those for checking of equipment and for instructing and helping the persons under testing. (Nogami, K.).

1987-09-01

126

Characteristics of primary care safety-net providers and their quality improvement attitudes and activities: results of a national survey of physician professionalism.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

No current national data exist to characterize safety-net physicians and their attitudes toward and participation in quality improvement activities compared with non-safety-net physicians. The authors conducted a national random sample survey of internal medicine, family practice, and pediatrics primary care physicians (PCPs) and used weighted multivariable regression models to assess attitudes and participation in quality improvement activities. After multivariable adjustment, there were no significant differences in provider attitudes about or participation in quality improvement activities between safety-net and non-safety-net physicians. However, safety-net providers were almost twice as likely to look for racial/ethnic disparities in care within their practices and are as likely to be involved in quality improvement activities as non-safety-net providers; their attitudes are consistent with providing equitable and universal care. Increasing access by expanding Medicaid eligibility will require continued investment in the number and training of safety-net PCPs.

López L; DesRoches CM; Vogeli C; Grant RW; Iezzoni LI; Campbell EG

2013-03-01

127

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76±11.20, 90.55±8.59, 80.58±11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55±9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as ? = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships.

2007-01-01

128

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76{+-}11.20, 90.55{+-}8.59, 80.58{+-}11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55{+-}9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as {gamma} = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships.

Han, Eun Ok [Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2007-06-15

129

Examining Variation in Attitudes toward Aggressive Retaliation and Perceptions of Safety among Bullies, Victims, and Bully/Victims  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the link between involvement in bullying, as either a bully, victim, or bully/victim, and attitudes toward violence and perceptions of safety among 16,012 middle and high school students. Analyses indicated that 37.6% were frequently involved in bullying. Bully/victims were the most likely to report feeling unsafe and…

Bradshaw, Catherine P.; O'Brennan, Lindsey M.; Sawyer, Anne L.

2008-01-01

130

[Dimensions of parental rearing styles in alcohol dependent patients: first results of the questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To date no instrument for the assessment of parenting styles is available in the German -language area that has been validated in patients with addictive disorders. Therefore the aim of this study was the confirmatory evaluation of the factor structure of the Questionnaire on Parental Attitudes and Rearing Practices (FEPS) in 186 alcohol dependent patients. The model as proposed by the test developers with the 4 factors Care, Autonomy, Low Punishment, and Low Material Reinforcement showed acceptable fit when residual correlations were allowed (mother: ?(2)/df=1,92, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,79; father: ?(2)/df=1,75, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,82). All factors showed sufficient factor reliabilities as well as good to very good internal consistencies. Factor loadings, discriminations and difficulties of the indicators could be regarded as good, with the exception of 2 items. These results indicate the factorial validity of the FEPS in patients with alcohol dependence.

Lotzin A; Kriston L; Richter-Appelt H; Leichsenring I; Ramsauer B; Schäfer I

2013-07-01

131

Versão e adaptação para o português brasileiro do questionário: crenças e atitudes sobre prevenção de perda auditiva Translation and adaptation of the questionnaire "beliefs and attitudes on hearing loss prevention" into Brazilian Portuguese  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: validar a versão para língua portuguesa do questionário "Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas", desenvolvido pelo National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. MÉTODO: a validação do questionário seguiu as seguintes etapas: tradução do idioma inglês para o português, pré-teste com um subgrupo de 10 trabalhadores, adaptação lingüística, revisão da equivalência gramatical e idiomática e processo inverso de tradução do português para o inglês, para verificar se houve descaracterização do questionário. Participaram do estudo 31 trabalhadores de uma indústria frigorífica, 17 do sexo masculino e 14 do sexo feminino, com idade média de 29 anos e 7 meses. As questões utilizadas foram medidas seguindo a escala de Likert com cinco graus, onde 1 - corresponde a "concordo totalmente" e 5 - "discordo totalmente". A análise fatorial objetivou explicar a ligação entre um conjunto de variáveis correlacionadas. Os trabalhadores responderam ao primeiro questionário (Versão A) e num prazo de 15 dias responderam ao segundo questionário (Versão B). RESULTADOS: a reprodutibilidade do instrumento foi demonstrada pelo índice geral de Alfa de Cronbach de 0, 8146 para o formulário A e 0, 8569 para o formulário B. As correlações foram significantes indicando a validade de construto e conteúdo da versão em Português Brasileiro para o seu uso com uma população trabalhadora. CONCLUSÕES: o questionário foi traduzido e adaptado para ser aplicado na população brasileira, denominado Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas, e servirá como instrumento na avaliação das atitudes e comportamento dos trabalhadores frente ao ruído e prevenção de perdas auditivas.PURPOSE: to evaluate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the instrument "Beliefs and Attitudes on Hearing Loss Prevention", developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. METHOD: the development of the Portuguese scale followed the following steps: translation from English into Brazilian Portuguese, pre-test with a group of 10 workers compared to the target population, linguistic adaptation, review of grammatical and idiomatic equivalence, and reverse translation into English in order to check that the instrument remained true to its original version. Following this elements, the Portuguese instrument was validated with the group of 31 workers. The participating workers came from a meat-packing company. Seventeen were males and 14 were females, and their mean age was 29 years and 7 months. The questions were constructed using a 5-point Likert scale where 1 meant "disagree completely" and 5 meant "agree completely." A factorial analysis was conducted in order to check construct validity of correlated questionnaire items. The participants responded to the first questionnaire (version A) and 15 days later responded to the second questionnaire (Version B). RESULTS: the validity of the entire instrument was demonstrated by a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.8146 for the version A of the instrument and 0.8569 for the Version B. The significant correlations among related questionnaire items indicate the validity of its format and content for the intended usage with a Brazilian Portuguese version with a population of workers. CONCLUSIONS: the questionnaire was translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and will facilitate the evaluation of attitudes and beliefs of Brazilian-Portuguese speaking workers towards noise and hearing loss prevention.

Luciana Bramatti; Thais Catalani Morata; Jair Mendes Marques; Ulisses Gabriel Martini

2012-01-01

132

Versão e adaptação para o português brasileiro do questionário: crenças e atitudes sobre prevenção de perda auditiva/ Translation and adaptation of the questionnaire "beliefs and attitudes on hearing loss prevention" into Brazilian Portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: validar a versão para língua portuguesa do questionário "Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas", desenvolvido pelo National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. MÉTODO: a validação do questionário seguiu as seguintes etapas: tradução do idioma inglês para o português, pré-teste com um subgrupo de 10 trabalhadores, adaptação lingüística, revisão da equivalência gramatical e idiomática e processo inverso de (more) tradução do português para o inglês, para verificar se houve descaracterização do questionário. Participaram do estudo 31 trabalhadores de uma indústria frigorífica, 17 do sexo masculino e 14 do sexo feminino, com idade média de 29 anos e 7 meses. As questões utilizadas foram medidas seguindo a escala de Likert com cinco graus, onde 1 - corresponde a "concordo totalmente" e 5 - "discordo totalmente". A análise fatorial objetivou explicar a ligação entre um conjunto de variáveis correlacionadas. Os trabalhadores responderam ao primeiro questionário (Versão A) e num prazo de 15 dias responderam ao segundo questionário (Versão B). RESULTADOS: a reprodutibilidade do instrumento foi demonstrada pelo índice geral de Alfa de Cronbach de 0, 8146 para o formulário A e 0, 8569 para o formulário B. As correlações foram significantes indicando a validade de construto e conteúdo da versão em Português Brasileiro para o seu uso com uma população trabalhadora. CONCLUSÕES: o questionário foi traduzido e adaptado para ser aplicado na população brasileira, denominado Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas, e servirá como instrumento na avaliação das atitudes e comportamento dos trabalhadores frente ao ruído e prevenção de perdas auditivas. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to evaluate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the instrument "Beliefs and Attitudes on Hearing Loss Prevention", developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. METHOD: the development of the Portuguese scale followed the following steps: translation from English into Brazilian Portuguese, pre-test with a group of 10 workers compared to the target population, linguistic adaptation, review of grammatical and idiomatic equivalence, (more) and reverse translation into English in order to check that the instrument remained true to its original version. Following this elements, the Portuguese instrument was validated with the group of 31 workers. The participating workers came from a meat-packing company. Seventeen were males and 14 were females, and their mean age was 29 years and 7 months. The questions were constructed using a 5-point Likert scale where 1 meant "disagree completely" and 5 meant "agree completely." A factorial analysis was conducted in order to check construct validity of correlated questionnaire items. The participants responded to the first questionnaire (version A) and 15 days later responded to the second questionnaire (Version B). RESULTS: the validity of the entire instrument was demonstrated by a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.8146 for the version A of the instrument and 0.8569 for the Version B. The significant correlations among related questionnaire items indicate the validity of its format and content for the intended usage with a Brazilian Portuguese version with a population of workers. CONCLUSIONS: the questionnaire was translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and will facilitate the evaluation of attitudes and beliefs of Brazilian-Portuguese speaking workers towards noise and hearing loss prevention.

Bramatti, Luciana; Morata, Thais Catalani; Marques, Jair Mendes; Martini, Ulisses Gabriel

2012-02-01

133

Attitude is everything? The impact of workload, safety climate, and safety tools on medical errors: a study of intensive care units.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Hospitals face an increasing pressure toward efficiency and cost reduction while ensuring patient safety. This warrants a closer examination of the trade-off between production and protection posited in the literature for a high-risk hospital setting (intensive care). PURPOSES: On the basis of extant literature and concepts on both safety management and organizational/safety culture, this study investigates to which extent production pressure (i.e., increased staff workload and capacity utilization) and safety culture (consisting of safety climate among staff and safety tools implemented by management) influence the occurrence of medical errors and if/how safety climate and safety tools interact. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A prospective, observational, 48-hour cross-sectional study was conducted in 57 intensive care units. The dependent variable is the incidence of errors affecting those 378 patients treated throughout the entire observation period. Capacity utilization and workload were measured by indicators such as unit occupancy, nurse-to-patient/physician-to-patient ratios, levels of care, or NEMS scores. The safety tools considered include Critical Incidence Reporting Systems, audits, training, mission statements, SOPs/checklists, and the use of barcodes. Safety climate was assessed using a psychometrically validated four-dimensional questionnaire.Linear regression was employed to identify the effects of the predictor variables on error rate as well as interaction effects between safety tools and safety climate. FINDINGS: Higher workload has a detrimental effect on safety, whereas safety climate-unlike the examined safety tools-has a virtually equal opposite effect. Correlations between safety tools and safety climate as well as their interaction effects on error rate are mostly nonsignificant. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Increased workload and capacity utilization increase the occurrence of medical error, an effect that can be offset by a positive safety climate but not by formally implemented safety procedures and policies.

Steyrer J; Schiffinger M; Huber C; Valentin A; Strunk G

2013-10-01

134

The effect of executive walk rounds on nurse safety climate attitudes: A randomized trial of clinical units  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Executive walk rounds (EWRs) are a widely used but unstudied activity designed to improve safety culture in hospitals. Therefore, we measured the impact of EWRs on one important part of safety culture – provider attitudes about the safety climate in the institution. Methods Randomized study of EWRs for 23 clinical units in a tertiary care teaching hospital. All providers except physicians participated. EWRs were conducted at each unit by one of six hospital executives once every four weeks for three visits. Providers were asked about their concerns regarding patient safety and what could be done to improve patient safety. Suggestions were tabulated and when possible, changes were made. Provider attitudes about safety climate measured by the Safety Climate Survey before and after EWRs. We report mean scores, percent positive scores (percentage of providers who responded four or higher on a five point scale (agree slightly or agree strongly), and the odds of EWR participants agreeing with individual survey items when compared to non-participants. Results Before EWRs the mean safety climate scores for nurses were similar in the control units and EWR units (78.97 and 76.78, P = 0.458) as were percent positive scores (64.6% positive and 61.1% positive). After EWRs the mean safety climate scores were not significantly different for all providers nor for nurses in the control units and EWR units (77.93 and 78.33, P = 0.854) and (56.5% positive and 62.7% positive). However, when analyzed by exposure to EWRs, nurses in the control group who did not participate in EWRs (n = 198) had lower safety climate scores than nurses in the intervention group who did participate in an EWR session (n = 85) (74.88 versus 81.01, P = 0.02; 52.5% positive versus 72.9% positive). Compared to nurses who did not participate, nurses in the experimental group who reported participating in EWRs also responded more favorably to a majority of items on the survey. Conclusion EWRs have a positive effect on the safety climate attitudes of nurses who participate in the walk rounds sessions. EWRs are a promising tool to improve safety climate and the broader construct of safety culture.

Thomas Eric J; Sexton J Bryan; Neilands Torsten B; Frankel Allan; Helmreich Robert L

2005-01-01

135

Exploring the safety implications of young drivers' behavior, attitudes and perceptions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study aims at identifying and quantifying significant factors (i.e., demographic, aberrant driving behavior) associated with young drivers' involvement in at-fault crashes or traffic citations at the ages of 16-17 (while having the Operational License) and 18-24 years old (while having the Full License). A second objective was to investigate the main reason(s) for involvement in risky driving behavior by young drivers. The data used for the analyses were obtained from a self-reported questionnaire survey carried out among 680 young drivers in Central Florida. To achieve these goals, the structural equation modeling approach was adopted. The results revealed that aggressive violations, in-vehicle distractions and demographic characteristics were the significant factors affecting young drivers' involvement in at-fault crashes or traffic violations at the age of 16-17. However, in-vehicle distractions, attitudes toward speeding and demographic characteristics were the significant factors affecting young drivers' crash risk at 18-24. Additionally, the majority of participants reported that "running late" is the main reason for taking risk while driving (i.e., speeding, accept short gaps, or drive so close to the car in front) followed by "racing other cars". Additionally, "exceed speed limits" was the main reason for receiving traffic citations at 16-17 and 18-24 age groups. Practical suggestions on how to reduce crash risk and promote safe driving among young drivers are also discussed.

Hassan HM; Abdel-Aty MA

2013-01-01

136

A questionnaire study regarding contractors' attitude towards radiation and radiation protection education on the Swedish nuclear power stations; Enkaetundersoekning av entreprenoerers instaellning till straalning och straalskyddsutbildning vid de svenska kaernraftverken  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Swedish Radiation Protection Authority has performed a questionnaire study regarding contractors' attitude towards radiation and radiation protection. The report also includes opinions regarding assistance and guidance they get at the nuclear power station. This report is a summary of the contractors' answers that was returned to the Authority.

Thimgren, Ingela

2003-03-01

137

Stigmatizing attitudes in relatives of people with schizophrenia: a study using the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27/ Atitudes estigmatizantes em familiares de pessoas com esquizofrenia: um estudo utilizando o Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Na doença mental, a família pode ser um agente do processo de estigmatização. Devido à falta de informação adequada e de recursos e ao cansaço decorrente do processo de cuidar, ela pode contribuir para a exclusão social do familiar doente e desinvestir na sua recuperação. Além disso, pode também ser detentora de autoestigma, observando-se uma diminuição da autoestima e da autovalorização da família. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença de atitudes (more) estigmatizantes em um grupo de familiares de pacientes com esquizofrenia, relativamente às pessoas com esse diagnóstico. MÉTODO: Neste estudo exploratório, foram inquiridos 40 familiares de pacientes com esquizofrenia tratados na Unidade de Psiquiatria Comunitária do Serviço de Psiquiatria do Centro Hospitalar de São João (CHSJ), em Porto, Portugal, utilizando a versão portuguesa preliminar do Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27. RESULTADOS: As dimensões do questionário que apresentaram médias mais elevadas foram ajuda, pena e coação, seguidas de segregação, irritação, evitamento, perigo, responsabilidade e, por último, medo. Esses resultados sugerem que os familiares não atribuem às pessoas com esquizofrenia a responsabilidade de estarem doentes e que mostram preocupação e disponibilidade para ajudar. Eles evitam as pessoas com esquizofrenia mas não sentem medo delas nem as consideram perigosas. CONCLUSÃO: Os participantes manifestam atitudes positivas e pouco estigmatizantes para com as pessoas com esquizofrenia, decorrentes da sua familiaridade com a doença mental grave, de um processo de atribuição adequado e da baixa percepção de perigosidade. Contudo, os valores de coação, pena e segregação podem traduzir algum estigma encoberto que pode influenciar a autodeterminação da pessoa com experiência de doença mental grave, sugerindo-se intervenções no âmbito da psicoeducação familiar. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Family members of people with mental disorders can contribute to stigmatization. Because of the lack of adequate information and resources, and the fatigue resulting from daily care, the family can reinforce social exclusion of the mentally ill and disbelieve recovery. Furthermore, family members may also suffer from self-stigma, experiencing a decrease in their own self-esteem and self-worth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of stigmatizing attitudes towar (more) ds patients diagnosed with schizophrenia in a group of relatives of patients with this disorder. METHODS: In this exploratory study, we surveyed 40 family members of patients with schizophrenia seen at the Community Psychiatry Unit of the Psychiatry Department at Centro Hospitalar de São João (CHSJ), in Porto, Portugal, using a preliminary version of the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 in Portuguese. RESULTS: The questionnaire dimensions with the highest mean scores were help, pity, and coercion, followed by segregation, anger, avoidance, dangerousness, responsibility, and fear. These results suggest that relatives do not see people with schizophrenia as responsible for their illness and that they show concern and willingness to help. They avoid but do not fear people with schizophrenia and neither consider them dangerous. CONCLUSION: The participants expressed positive, little stigmatizing attitudes towards people with schizophrenia, probably as a result of their familiarity with severe mental disorder, an adequate attribution process, and low levels of perceived dangerousness. However, the high scores of coercion, pity, and segregation may reflect concealed stigmas that may influence the self-determination of the mentally ill, suggesting the need for psychoeducational interventions aimed at family members.

Sousa, Sara de; Marques, António; Rosário, Curral; Queirós, Cristina

2012-01-01

138

Tradução e validação do SAQ (Sports Attitudes Questionnaire) para jovens praticantes desportivos portugueses com idades entre os 13 e os 16 anos/ Translation and Validation of the Sports Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) Applied to Young Portuguese Athletes Aged 13 to 16 Years  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho procura contribuir para a avaliação do papel educativo do desporto infanto-juvenil organizado. Depois de proceder à tradução do Sports Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), o inventário foi aplicado a duas amostras independentes de atletas com idades compreendidas entre os 13 e os 16 anos. Com base nos resultados de 511 sujeitos (247 rapazes e 264 raparigas), a análise factorial exploratória identificou quatro dimensões. A análise factorial confirma (more) tória evidenciou o ajustamento do modelo de quatro factores aos dados obtidos numa amostra de 482 sujeitos (248 masculinos e 234 femininos). Em resumo, a versão portuguesa do questionário de atitudes face ao desporto parece apta a ser utilizada em futuras pesquisas. Abstract in english This study examines the assessment of the educational role of youth organized sports. After obtaining the Portuguese version of the Sports Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), the inventory was applied on two samples of 13- to 16-years-old athletes. Based on 511 subjects (247 boys, 264 girls) exploratory factor analysis identified four dimensions. In addition, confirmatory factory analysis showed the consistency between the 4-factor model and the data collected from 482 subject (more) s (248 males, 234 females). In summary, the Portuguese version of SAQ suggested to be a reasonable instrument for future research.

Gonçalves, Carlos E.; Silva, Manuel J. Coelho e; Chatzisarantis, Nikos; Lee, Martin J; Cruz, Jaume

2006-01-01

139

Training method for enhancement of safety attitude in nuclear power plant based on crew resource management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A conventional training program for nuclear power plant operators has been developed with emphasis on improvement of knowledge and skills of individual operators. Although it has certainly contributed to safety operation of nuclear power plants, some recent incidents have indicated the necessity of an improved training program aiming at improvement of the performance of operators working as a team. In the aviation area, crew resource management (CRM) training has shown the effect of resolving team management issues of flight crews, aircraft maintenance crews, and so on. In the present research, we attempted to introduce the CRM concept into operator training in nuclear power plants as training for conceptual skill enhancement. In this paper, a training method specially customized for nuclear power plant operators based on CRM is proposed. The proposed method has been practically utilized in the management training course of Japan Nuclear Technology Institute. The validity of the proposed method has been evaluated by means of a questionnaire survey. (author)

2010-01-01

140

[Associations of occupational safety atmosphere and behaviors with unintentional injuries].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations of perception of safety atmosphere at workplace, occupational safety attitude and behaviors with occupational unintentional injury among manufacturing workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed and a self-administered questionnaire was used to inquire socio-demographic characteristics, perceived safety atmosphere, occupational safety attitudes, occupational safety behaviors and occupational unintentional injuries among 10585 manufacturing workers selected from 46 enterprises in Guangdong. Structural equation modeling was applied to assess the relationship of the perception of safety atmosphere at workplace, occupational safety attitude, and occupational safety behaviors with occupational unintentional injury. RESULTS: Among 24 pathways supposed in structural equation model, 20 pathways (except for the attitude toward occupational safety, the attitude toward managers' support, the work posture and individual protection) were significantly related to the occupational unintentional injuries. The further analysis indicated that the perceived safety atmosphere might impact the occupational unintentional injuries by the attitude toward occupational safety and occupational safety behaviors. CONCLUSION: Workers' perception of safety atmosphere indirectly influenced on occupational unintentional injuries through occupational safety attitudes and occupational safety behaviors.

Xiao YN; Huang ZX; Huang SB; Cao XO; Chen XM; Liu XH; Chen WQ

2012-07-01

 
 
 
 
141

Cuestionario para evaluar en médicos conductas, conocimientos y actitudes sobre la higiene de manos/ Questionnaire to assess behavior, knowledge and attitudes on hand hygiene among physicians  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Objetivo: La necesidad de generar instrumentos válidos y fiables para medir aspectos relacionados con la higiene de manos es importante para conocer la situación actual y el impacto de las acciones formativas en los profesionales. El objetivo principal del trabajo es validar un cuestionario sobre higiene de manos en médicos y analizar sus propiedades de la medida. Método: Estudio instrumental en el cual se elaboró un cuestionario que se aplicó entre enero de 2010 y (more) marzo de 2011 en el Hospital Clínico San Cecilio (Granada). Éste constó finalmente de 44 ítems que evalúan la conducta del profesional médico antes y después del contacto con el paciente, los conocimientos declarativos y las actitudes sobre la higiene de manos. Se aplicó a 113 profesionales. Resultados: Tras realizar los análisis factoriales se obtuvieron datos que avalan la unidimensionalidad de la herramienta, con un valor de convergencia general que explica el 39,289% de la varianza total y un valor alfa de Cronbach para elementos tipificados de 0,784. Hay diferencias significativas entre la conducta de higiene de manos antes y después del contacto con el paciente (t=-8,991; p Abstract in english Objective: Valid and reliable instruments to measure aspects of hand hygiene are needed to determine the current situation and impact of training among health professionals. The main objective of this study was to describe the development of a questionnaire on hand hygiene among health professionals and to analyze the properties of this instrument. Method: A questionnaire was designed and implemented between January 2010 and March 2011 at the Hospital Clínico San Cecilio (more) (Granada, Spain). The final questionnaire consisted of 44 items that assessed provider behavior before and after contact with the patient, declarative knowledge, and attitudes to hand hygiene. The questionnaire was administered to 113 health professionals. Results: A factor analysis was performed. Data were obtained that supported the unidimensionality of the instrument with a general convergence value that explained 39.289% of the total variance and a Cronbach's alpha of 0.784 for the established elements. Significant differences were found in hand hygiene behavior before and after contact with the patient (t=-8,991, p

González-Cabrera, Joaquín; Fernández-Prada, María; Trujillo Mendoza, Humberto M.

2012-10-01

142

Public attitudes towards motorcyclists' safety: a qualitative study from the United Kingdom.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the reported research was to examine the perceptions of road user safety amongst different road users and examine the link between attitudes, empathy and skill in motorcycle safety behaviour. Motorcyclists were perceived by the study participants, members of the public at four different locations at the UK (including motorcyclists and non-motorcyclists), as a group be at a high risk of accidents on the road. This was due to perceived behavioural characteristics of motorcyclists--who were viewed as 'thrill seekers'--as well as observed behaviours on the road. This, coupled with the physical vulnerability and excessive speeds, meant that motorbike driving was considered by the study participants as the least safe form of road use. There was broad agreement that motorcycling was dangerous as a whole, but not all motorcyclists were necessarily risky riders. The issue of 'competitive space' emerged between car drivers and motorcyclists in particular and it was suggested that there was a lack of mutual awareness and considerations between the two groups. Generally, greatest empathy comes from drivers who are motorcyclists themselves. Engineering, education, enforcement interventions were investigated. These were aimed at two main areas: normalising safer driving behaviours for motorcyclists and increasing awareness of bikes for motorists--particularly in relation to reducing speed limits at urban junctions. Finally, the idea of risk mapping and reduced speed limits on rural roads was seen as potentially effective--particularly as certain motorcyclists highlighted that they changed their riding behaviours by increasing speed and taking greater risks on these roads.

Musselwhite CB; Avineri E; Susilo YO; Bhattachary D

2012-11-01

143

Public attitudes towards motorcyclists' safety: a qualitative study from the United Kingdom.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the reported research was to examine the perceptions of road user safety amongst different road users and examine the link between attitudes, empathy and skill in motorcycle safety behaviour. Motorcyclists were perceived by the study participants, members of the public at four different locations at the UK (including motorcyclists and non-motorcyclists), as a group be at a high risk of accidents on the road. This was due to perceived behavioural characteristics of motorcyclists--who were viewed as 'thrill seekers'--as well as observed behaviours on the road. This, coupled with the physical vulnerability and excessive speeds, meant that motorbike driving was considered by the study participants as the least safe form of road use. There was broad agreement that motorcycling was dangerous as a whole, but not all motorcyclists were necessarily risky riders. The issue of 'competitive space' emerged between car drivers and motorcyclists in particular and it was suggested that there was a lack of mutual awareness and considerations between the two groups. Generally, greatest empathy comes from drivers who are motorcyclists themselves. Engineering, education, enforcement interventions were investigated. These were aimed at two main areas: normalising safer driving behaviours for motorcyclists and increasing awareness of bikes for motorists--particularly in relation to reducing speed limits at urban junctions. Finally, the idea of risk mapping and reduced speed limits on rural roads was seen as potentially effective--particularly as certain motorcyclists highlighted that they changed their riding behaviours by increasing speed and taking greater risks on these roads. PMID:23036387

Musselwhite, Charles B A; Avineri, Erel; Susilo, Yusak O; Bhattachary, Darren

2011-07-18

144

A study on the knowledge and attitudes towards radiation therapy and cancer: a questionnaire survey of 142 third grade medical students  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To get the data for public information and education of medical students about Radiation Therapy (RT). We evaluated the knowledge and attitudes towards the RT and cancer in the third grade medical students who did not receive a lecture before starting the poly-clinic education about radiation oncology in our medical school. We obtained a total of 142 answers from the students that completed the questionnaire. More than half of the third grade medical school. We obtained a total of 142 answers from the students that completed the questionnaire. More than half of the third grade medical students answered 1 question correctly and 5 questions incorrectly among 6 questions about knowledge of RT. Incorrect answers were done about the frequency of RT, hair loss, the period of RT, re-RT, cost of RT. Fifty-six percent of students didn't wish to prolong the survival time from 1 year to 3 years with long courses of chemotherapy and RT. They had bad images about cancer of colorectum, lung, esophagus, liver, breast, cervix which consist of 56.3% of patients receiving RT. Public information about the basic points of RT should be considered. Also the students showed the pessimism about the anticancer treatments such as chemotherapy and RT, so the exact results and positive aspects of anticancer treatment should be educated more. Especially it is needed to inform the students and the public the positive aspects of RT in some cancers (colorectal, lung, esophageal, hepatic, breast, cervix cancers) which the students had bad images about.

1999-01-01

145

A study on the knowledge and attitudes towards radiation therapy and cancer: a questionnaire survey of 142 third grade medical students  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To get the data for public information and education of medical students about Radiation Therapy (RT). We evaluated the knowledge and attitudes towards the RT and cancer in the third grade medical students who did not receive a lecture before starting the poly-clinic education about radiation oncology in our medical school. We obtained a total of 142 answers from the students that completed the questionnaire. More than half of the third grade medical school. We obtained a total of 142 answers from the students that completed the questionnaire. More than half of the third grade medical students answered 1 question correctly and 5 questions incorrectly among 6 questions about knowledge of RT. Incorrect answers were done about the frequency of RT, hair loss, the period of RT, re-RT, cost of RT. Fifty-six percent of students didn't wish to prolong the survival time from 1 year to 3 years with long courses of chemotherapy and RT. They had bad images about cancer of colorectum, lung, esophagus, liver, breast, cervix which consist of 56.3% of patients receiving RT. Public information about the basic points of RT should be considered. Also the students showed the pessimism about the anticancer treatments such as chemotherapy and RT, so the exact results and positive aspects of anticancer treatment should be educated more. Especially it is needed to inform the students and the public the positive aspects of RT in some cancers (colorectal, lung, esophageal, hepatic, breast, cervix cancers) which the students had bad images about.

Oh, Yoon Kyeong; Park, Sang Hag [College of Medicine, Chusun Univ., Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

1999-06-01

146

Awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons toward scientific manuscripts, publishing internationally and medical writing. Results of an online questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this survey was to identify the importance placed by Croatian-based surgeons on writing scientific manuscripts and publishing them internationally, as well as their awareness of and attitudes toward medical writing. A link to an online survey was sent to 327 Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons. The electronic questionnaire consisted of rating scales, multiple choice questions and free text reply boxes. A total of 61 surgeons based in Croatia replied to the survey, yielding a response rate of 19% (61/327). The survey results indicate that surgeons in Croatia are active in both research and the writing of manuscripts. There is also a high level of interest among them to publish internationally in English to further their careers. While 68% (38/56) of respondents initially claimed to know about medical writing, further questioning on the subject revealed a reduced level of familiarity with the concept. Only 19% (11/58) of respondents had ever engaged the services of a medical writer and they were generally satisfied with the work done across the three areas of language, editing and scientific knowledge. Medical writers are advised to increase awareness of their services among Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons who may well have a need for their expertise.

De Faoite D; Bakota B; Staresini? M; Kopljar M; Cvjetko I; Dobri? I

2013-03-01

147

Validação dos questionários de conhecimento (DKN-A) e atitude (ATT-19) de Diabetes Mellitus Validation of Diabetes Mellitus knowledge (DKN-A) and attitude (ATT-19) questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar a adaptação transcultural dos instrumentos Diabetes Knowledge Scale e Attitudes Questionnaires, específicos para avaliação do conhecimento e atitudes de pacientes com Diabetes Mellitus. MÉTODOS: Os instrumentos foram submetidos às seguintes etapas: apresentação, tradução, back-translation, avaliação das equivalências semântica e idiomática, cultural e conceitual, e pré-teste. Os questionários foram aplicados em duas oportunidades, com intervalos de um mês, em uma amostra de 61 pacientes com Diabetes Tipo 2 cadastrados num hospital universitário. Utilizou-se um desenho de estudo de confiabilidade teste-reteste das respostas, que foram analisadas e estimadas pelo Coeficiente de Kappa. RESULTADOS: Os achados sugerem adequação do processo de adaptação cultural dos instrumentos para a língua portuguesa. Na análise de confiabilidade, o coeficiente de Kappa alcançou nível de concordância de moderada a forte (0,44 a 0,69) em grande parte das questões. CONCLUSÕES: Os instrumentos mostraram ser de fácil compreensão pelos sujeitos do estudo e confiáveis e válidos para uso na avaliação de programas educativos em Diabetes Mellitus na realidade brasileira.

Heloisa C Torres; Hortale Virginia A; Virginia T Schall

2005-01-01

148

Structure of a Questionnaire on Children's Attitudes towards Inclusive Physical Education (CAIPE-CZ) [Struktura ?eského p?ekladu dotazníku "Children's Attitudes toward Inclusive Physical Education" (CAIPE-CZ)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The process of educating children with and without disabilities together has had many titles in the past, starting with mainstreaming, changing into integration and finally arriving at the current title of inclusion. While inclusion has become widespread, studies aiming to help us understand this phenomenon and variables that influence it have been limited mainly to the study of inclusion as a process and attitudes of teachers towards inclusive physical education. In order to study inclusion we also need to have questionnaires to measure the beliefs of children without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to translate and modify the CAIPE-R instrument, to describe the structure of its components and to compare the structure of CAIPE's Czech version (CAIPE-CZ) to the original instrument. METHODS: The original questionnaire, CAIPE-R (Block, 1995), was modified and translated using a standard back translation procedure. Data were collected from 140 girls (mean age 13.12 years, SD = 1.61) and 146 boys (mean age 13.26 years, SD = 1.48) and analyzed using SPSS-PC 19.0 software. RESULTS: The results of principal component factor analysis with Varimax rotation have proven the two component structure of the CAIPE-CZ questionnaire. The first four items are loaded in one factor which was titled as "General beliefs about inclusion in physical education". In contrast with the original CAIPE-R questionnaire, the fifth and sixth items are loaded to the second component together with 4 other items. This component was titled "Beliefs about actual behavior". CONCLUSION: CAIPE-CZ was translated using a standardized procedure and shows a high internal consistency and is also sensitive to detecting differences between groups of children with personal experiences with students with disabilities and those without such experiences. Thus CAIPE-CZ is ready to use for future studies about the attitudes of children towards inclusive physical education.[VÝCHODISKA: Spole?né vzd?lávání žák? se zdravotním postižením a žák? intaktních m?lo v minulosti vice názv?. V ?eštin? v sou?asnosti p?evládá termín integrace a v angli?tin? termín inkluze (inclusion). V?tšina výzkumu se prozatím orientovala na postoje u?itel? t?lesné výchovy, ale úsp?šná integrace je podmín?ná porozum?ním také postoj?m intaktních žák?. Z tohoto d?vodu je t?eba kvalitních a standardizovaných metodologických nástroj?. CÍLE: Cílem této studie je p?eložit modifikovaný dotazník CAIPE-R, popsat jeho strukturu a porovnat strukturu ?eského p?ekladu s originálním dotazníkem. METODIKA: Dotazník CAIPE-R (Block, 1995) byl modifikován a p?eložen s využitím standardní procedury zp?tného p?ekladu. Výzkumný vzorek tvo?ilo 140 dívek (pr?m?rný v?k = 13,12 rok?) a 146 chlapc? (pr?m?rný v?k = 13,26 rok?). Analýza byla provedena s využitím softwaru SPSS PC 19.0. VÝSLEDKY: Výsledky faktorové analýzy prokázali strukturu dotazníku o dvou škálách, které byly nazvány: "Obecné tvrzení k integraci ve školní TV" a "P?esv?d?ení o vlastním jednání". ?eský dotazník prokázal podobnou strukturu s výjimkou po?tu tvrzení, která se stala sou?ástí první škály. ZÁV?RY: CAIPE-CZ prokazuje vysokou hladinu vnit?ní konzistence (? = 0.84) a je schopen také rozlišit postoje žák?, kte?í mají osobní zkušenosti s d?tmi s t?lesným postižením a t?ch kte?&

Martin Kudlá?ek; Ond?ej Ješina; Julie Wittmannová

2011-01-01

149

Patient safety and quality improvement education: a cross-sectional study of medical students' preferences and attitudes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Recent educational initiatives by both the World Health Organization and the American Association of Medical Colleges have endorsed integrating teaching of patient safety and quality improvement (QI) to medical students. Curriculum development should take into account learners' attitudes and preferences. We surveyed students to assess preferences and attitudes about QI and patient safety education. METHODS: An electronic survey was developed through focus groups, literature review, and local expert opinion and distributed via email to all medical students at a single medical school in the spring of 2012. RESULTS: A greater proportion of students reported previous exposure to patient safety than to quality improvement topics (79% vs. 47%). More than 80% of students thought patient safety was of the same or greater importance than basic science or clinical skills whereas quality improvement was rated as the same or more important by about 70% of students. Students rated real life examples of quality improvement projects and participation in these projects with actual patients as potentially the most helpful (mean scores 4.2/5 and 3.9/5 respectively). For learning about patient safety, real life examples of mistakes were again rated most highly (mean scores 4.5/5 for MD presented mistakes and 4.1/5 for patient presented mistakes). Students rated QI as very important to their future career regardless of intended specialty (mean score 4.5/5). CONCLUSIONS: Teaching of patient safety and quality improvement to medical students will be best received if it is integrated into clinical education rather than solely taught in pre-clinical lectures or through independent computer modules. Students recognize that these topics are important to their careers as future physicians regardless of intended specialty.

Teigland CL; Blasiak RC; Wilson LA; Hines RE; Meyerhoff KL; Viera AJ

2013-01-01

150

Patient safety and quality improvement education: a cross-sectional study of medical students’ preferences and attitudes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent educational initiatives by both the World Health Organization and the American Association of Medical Colleges have endorsed integrating teaching of patient safety and quality improvement (QI) to medical students. Curriculum development should take into account learners’ attitudes and preferences. We surveyed students to assess preferences and attitudes about QI and patient safety education. Methods An electronic survey was developed through focus groups, literature review, and local expert opinion and distributed via email to all medical students at a single medical school in the spring of 2012. Results A greater proportion of students reported previous exposure to patient safety than to quality improvement topics (79% vs. 47%). More than 80% of students thought patient safety was of the same or greater importance than basic science or clinical skills whereas quality improvement was rated as the same or more important by about 70% of students. Students rated real life examples of quality improvement projects and participation in these projects with actual patients as potentially the most helpful (mean scores 4.2/5 and 3.9/5 respectively). For learning about patient safety, real life examples of mistakes were again rated most highly (mean scores 4.5/5 for MD presented mistakes and 4.1/5 for patient presented mistakes). Students rated QI as very important to their future career regardless of intended specialty (mean score 4.5/5). Conclusions Teaching of patient safety and quality improvement to medical students will be best received if it is integrated into clinical education rather than solely taught in pre-clinical lectures or through independent computer modules. Students recognize that these topics are important to their careers as future physicians regardless of intended specialty.

Teigland Claire L; Blasiak Rachel C; Wilson Lindsay A; Hines Rachel E; Meyerhoff Karen L; Viera Anthony J

2013-01-01

151

Attitude, perception and feedback of second year medical students on teaching-learning methodology and evaluation methods in pharmacology: A questionnaire-based study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: To assess the student's attitude, perception and feedback on teaching-learning methodology and evaluation methods in pharmacology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty second year medical students studying at Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College, Pune, were selected. They were administered a pre-validated questionnaire containing 22 questions. Suggestions were also asked regarding the qualities of good pharmacology teachers and modification in pharmacology teaching methods. Descriptive statistics were used and results were expressed as percentage. RESULTS: Majority of the students found cardiovascular system (49.25%) as the most interesting topic in pharmacology, whereas most of the students opined that cardiovascular system (60.10%), chemotherapy (54.06%) and central nervous system (44.15%) are going to be the most useful topics in internship. 48.53% students preferred clinical/patient-related pharmacology and 39.13% suggested use of audiovisual-aided lectures. Prescription writing and criticism of prescription were amongst the most useful and interesting in practical pharmacology. Students expressed interest in microteaching and problem-based learning, whereas seminars, demonstrations on manikin and museum studies were mentioned as good adjuvants to routine teaching. Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) practice tests and theory viva at the end of a particular system and periodical written tests were mentioned as effective evaluation methods. Students were found to have lot of interest in gathering information on recent advances in pharmacology and suggested to include new drug information along with prototype drugs in a comparative manner. CONCLUSION: There is a need of conducting few microteaching sessions and more of clinical-oriented problem-based learning with MCQ-based revisions at the end of each class in the pharmacology teaching at undergraduate level.

Bhosale UA; Yegnanarayan R; Yadav GE

2013-01-01

152

Reliability and validity of a scale to measure consumer attitudes regarding the private food safety certification of restaurants.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Validated and reliable instruments for measuring consumer attitudes regarding food quality certifications are lacking, but the measurement of consumer attitude could be an important tool for understanding consumer behavior. Thus the objective of this study was to develop an instrument for measuring consumer attitudes regarding private food safety certifications for commercial restaurants. To this end, the following steps were carried out: development of the interview items; complete pilot testing; item analyses (influence of social desirability and total-item correlation); reliability test (internal consistency and test-retest); and validity assessment (content and discriminative validity and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis). The subjects, all over the age of 18 and drawn from six non-probabilistic samples (n=7-350) in the city of Campinas, Brazil, were all subjected to an interview. The final scale included 24 items and had a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.79 and a content validation coefficient of 0.99, both within acceptable limits. The confirmatory factor analysis validated a model with five factors and the final instrument discriminated reasonably well between the groups and showed satisfactory reproducibility (r=0.955). Furthermore, the scale validity and reliability were satisfactory, suggesting it could also be applied to future studies.

Uggioni PL; Salay E

2012-04-01

153

Patient safety: Safety culture and patient safety ethics  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Patient safety - the prevention of medical error and adverse events - and the initiative of developing safety cultures to assure patients from harm have become one of the central concerns in quality improvement in healthcare both nationally andinternationally. This subject raises numerous challenging issues of systemic, organisational, cultural and ethical relevance, which this dissertation seeks to address through the application of different disciplinary approaches. The main focus of researchis safety culture; through empirical and theoretical studies to comprehend the phenomenon, address the problems, and suggest possible solutions for improving patient safety through the promotion of safety culture and ethics. I seek to illuminate theissues of patient safety from several perspectives; the organizational healthcare system, in particular the healthcare workers perspectives and experiences, and those of patients who experience the physical effect of poor patient safety. The dissertationconsists of nine papers and an appendix. Paper 1 describes the results of doctors and nurses attitudes towards reporting and the handling of adverse events. Paper 2 is a study and “review” of the international literature of assessment of safety culture inhealthcare. Paper 3 summarizes results of an intervention study introducing a reporting system and using a questionnaire survey of safety culture within three Danish hospitals to measure the effects. Paper 4 reports key results from the study in paper 3,demonstrating significant, consistent and sometimes large differences in terms of safety culture factors across the units participating in the survey. Paper 5 is the results of a study of the relation between safety culture, occupational health andpatient safety using a safety culture questionnaire survey and interviews with staff and management in four hospital departments. The appendix contains the Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire tool that I have developed, tested and revised for use in theDanish hospital setting based on the research projects on safety culture described in papers 3, 4 and 5. Paper 6 concerns the attitudes and responses to adverse events from the patient’s point of view, using a questionnaire survey, and comparing these tostaffs responses to the same questions.

Madsen, Marlene DyrlØv

2006-01-01

154

El punto de vista de los pacientes sobre la seguridad clínica de los hospitales: Validación del Cuestionario de Percepción de Seguridad/ Hospital clinical safety from the patient's point of view: Validation of a safety perception questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Background: Approximately 10% of hospitalized patients suffer an adverse event during their hospital stay. An important proportion of subjects also feel that they have a high risk of suffering such an event during an eventual hospitalization. Aim: To determine the perception on clinical safety among patients discharged from a hospital. Material and methods: A questionnaire about hospital safety was mailed to 1300 patients discharged from a hospital. The questionnaire was (more) analyzed using construct validity predictive validity and Cronbach Alpha for internal consistency Results: The questionnaire was answered by 384 patients, yielding a response rate of 29%. Of these, 77 incomplete answers were discarded. Thirty-one subjects (10%) reported a possible adverse event. In 19 cases (5.8%), it was due to medication errors and in 19 (6.1%), to surgical procedures. In seven cases (2.3%), both errors coincided (2.3%). According to the predictive validity of the questionnaire, if a patient reports an adverse event, the confidence in the hospital and in the professionals is reduced (p

Mira, José Joaquín; Lorenzo, Susana; Vitaller, Julián; Ziadi, Medhi; Ortiz, Lidia; Ignacio, Emilio; Aranaz, Jesús

2009-11-01

155

Enculturation of unsafe attitudes and behaviors: student perceptions of safety culture.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Safety culture may exert an important influence on the adoption and learning of patient safety practices by learners at clinical training sites. This study assessed students' perceptions of safety culture and identified curricular gaps in patient safety training. METHOD: A total of 170 fourth-year medical students at the University of California, San Francisco, were asked to complete a modified version of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture in 2011. Students responded on the basis of either their third-year internal medicine or surgery clerkship experience. Responses were recorded on a five-point Likert scale. Percent positive responses were compared between the groups using a chi-square test. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-one students (71% response rate) rated "teamwork within units" and "organizational learning" highest among the survey domains; "communication openness" and "nonpunitive response to error" were rated lowest. A majority of students reported that they would not speak up when witnessing a possible adverse event (56%) and were afraid to ask questions if things did not seem right (55%). In addition, 48% of students reported feeling that mistakes were held against them. Overall, students reported a desire for additional patient safety training to enhance their educational experience. CONCLUSIONS: Assessing student perceptions of safety culture highlighted important observations from their clinical experiences and helped identify areas for curricular development to enhance patient safety. This assessment may also be a useful tool for both clerkship directors and clinical service chiefs in their respective efforts to promote safe care.

Bowman C; Neeman N; Sehgal NL

2013-06-01

156

Attitudes of university precalculus students toward mathematics.  

Science.gov (United States)

To investigate the attitudes of 200 university students (83% freshmen) toward mathematics, a questionnaire was administered to report on their attitudes toward mathematics. Analysis indicated that students studying precalculus had a somewhat positive attitude toward mathematics. PMID:15941096

Alkhateeb, Haitham M; Mji, Andile

2005-04-01

157

Attitudes of university precalculus students toward mathematics.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To investigate the attitudes of 200 university students (83% freshmen) toward mathematics, a questionnaire was administered to report on their attitudes toward mathematics. Analysis indicated that students studying precalculus had a somewhat positive attitude toward mathematics.

Alkhateeb HM; Mji A

2005-04-01

158

Occupational safety motivation : What motivates workers to comply and participate in safety activities?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: Motivation is one of the most important factors for safety behaviour and for implementing change in general. However, theoretical and psychometric studies of safety performance have traditionally treated safety motivation, safety compliance and safety participation unidimensionally. At the same time many motivation questionnaire items are seldom founded on theory and/or do not account for the theories’ ontological and epistemological differences, e.g. of how knowledge, attitude and action are related. Present questionnaire items tap into occupational safety motivation in asking whether or not respondents ‘are’ motivated and whether they feel that safety is important or worthwhile. Another important aspect is ‘what’ motivates workers to comply to and participate in safety. The aim of this article is to introduce a new theory-based occupational safety motivation scale which is validated with interview data, observations and questionnaire items of actual safety behaviour. Method: Seven safety motivation questionnaire items were developed based on a theoretical model with three forms of motivation for safety compliance/participation: normative, social and calculated motivations. The items were tested on a total of 550 workers from 20 different small, medium and large manufacturing enterprises. Results: Ranking patterns of the seven items were similar across all 20 enterprises. Workers were primarily motivated due to normative safety motivations and only secondarily due to social and calculated motivations. In all enterprises the primary motivations for safety compliance/motivation were that it ‘contributed to the prevention of accidents and injuries’, and because it was a ‘natural part’ of their work. Social motivations for safety compliance/participation such as ‘gaining respect from colleagues’ and ‘avoiding negative remarks from a leader/colleague’ were of less importance. Interview, observational and additional questionnaire data clarify these results. Conclusion: The article provides insight into ‘what’ actually motivates workers to comply/participate in safety and possible differences between attitudes and actions.

Pedersen, Louise; Kines, Pete

159

Access, interest, and attitudes toward electronic communication for health care among patients in the medical safety net.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Electronic and internet-based tools for patient-provider communication are becoming the standard of care, but disparities exist in their adoption among patients. The reasons for these disparities are unclear, and few studies have looked at the potential communication technologies have to benefit vulnerable patient populations. OBJECTIVE: To characterize access to, interest in, and attitudes toward internet-based communication in an ethnically, economically, and linguistically diverse group of patients from a large urban safety net clinic network. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients (? 18 years) in six resource-limited community clinics in the San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH) MAIN MEASURES: Current email use, interest in communicating electronically with health care professionals, barriers to and facilitators of electronic health-related communication, and demographic data-all self-reported via survey. KEY RESULTS: Sixty percent of patients used email, 71 % were interested in using electronic communication with health care providers, and 19 % reported currently using email informally with these providers for health care. Those already using any email were more likely to express interest in using it for health matters. Most patients agreed electronic communication would improve clinic efficiency and overall communication with clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: A significant majority of safety net patients currently use email, text messaging, and the internet, and they expressed an interest in using these tools for electronic communication with their medical providers. This interest is currently unmet within safety net clinics that do not offer a patient portal or secure messaging. Tools such as email encounters and electronic patient portals should be implemented and supported to a greater extent in resource-poor settings, but this will require tailoring these tools to patients' language, literacy level, and experience with communication technology.

Schickedanz A; Huang D; Lopez A; Cheung E; Lyles CR; Bodenheimer T; Sarkar U

2013-07-01

160

Regulator and industry Co-operation on safety research: challenges and opportunities. Final report and answers to questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Group has been set up by the CSNI to identify and review the issues which hinder closer co-operation on research between regulators and industry, and to propose possible ways for resolving such issues while maintaining regulatory independence in decision-making. The Group has analyzed the potential advantages and disadvantages of regulator-industry collaboration in safety research and has also provided indications on how to overcome possible difficulties that can arise from such collaboration. The Group focused in particular on the issue of regulator independence, on means to preserve it and ways to demonstrate it to the public while undertaking collaboration with industry

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Evaluation of community knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions relating to water quality and safety in Luvuvhu catchment of South Africa  

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Full Text Available The Health Belief model says for communities to take part in an activity, they need to perceive the risk of failing to take part and the benefits associated with taking part. A study was carried out in Luvuvhu catchment of South Africa to evaluate community knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions relating to water quality and safety. The study was divided into two parts. The first part involved a population of over 8000 people and participatory tools were used to speed up the data collection process. The participants were divided into “sessions” of 45 people each. Each session was divided into 3 groups of 15 people each and each group was then given an assignment to work on and write the findings on flipcharts. Each group then presented at a plenary and the research assistants recorded the findings. The second part was based on the findings from the first part of the study. One major finding was that the communities relied on the physical appearance of water to decide whether the water is safe or not for domestic use. Therefore, the second study aimed at determining the point at which the communities would stop using water for various domestic uses based on the turbidity of the water. Samples of the water with predetermined turbidity values were shown to 1000 participants and each of the participants was asked to indicate where he or she would use the water for various domestic uses such as drinking, cooking, bathing and washing utensils. Although the communities had a wealth of knowledge and practices relating to water quality and safety, their perception of safety using turbidity as an indicator did not tally with scientifically accepted guidelines. Some participants were willing to accept water with turbidity values as high as 39 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU) for drinking which is above the recommended maximum turbidity levels in water for domestic use in South African National Standards (SANS 241) of 5 NTU. The communities in Luvuvhu catchment are at risk of contracting water borne diseases and they require health education to raise their level of awareness regarding water quality and safety issues.

L. Nare; N. Potgieter

2013-01-01

162

The role of attitudes about vaccine safety, efficacy, and value in explaining parents' reported vaccination behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives. To explain vaccine confidence as it related to parents' decisions to vaccinate their children with recommended vaccines, and to develop a confidence measure to efficiently and effectively predict parents' self-reported vaccine behaviors. Method. A sample of parents with at least one child younger than 6 years (n = 376) was analyzed using data from the HealthStyles 2010 survey. Questions were grouped into block variables to create three confidence constructs: value, safety, and efficacy. Regression equations controlling for demographic characteristics were used to identify the confidence construct(s) that best predicted parents' self-reported vaccination decisions (accept all, some, or none of the recommended childhood vaccines). Results. Among the three constructs evaluated, confidence in the value of vaccines, that is the belief that vaccines are important and vaccinating one's children is the right thing to do, was the best predictor of parents' vaccine decisions, F(2, 351) = 119.199, p < .001. When combined into a block variable for analysis, two survey items measuring confidence in the value of vaccines accounted for 40% of the variance in parents' self-reported vaccine decisions. Confidence in the safety or efficacy of vaccines failed to account for additional significant variance in parent-reported vaccination behavior. Conclusions. Confidence in the value of vaccines is a helpful predictor of parent-reported vaccination behavior. Attitudinal constructs of confidence in the safety and efficacy of vaccines failed to account for additional significant variance in parents' vaccination behaviors. Future research should assess the role of vaccine knowledge and tangible barriers, such as access and cost, to further explain parents' vaccination behaviors. PMID:23104978

Lavail, Katherine Hart; Kennedy, Allison Michelle

2012-10-25

163

The role of attitudes about vaccine safety, efficacy, and value in explaining parents' reported vaccination behavior.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objectives. To explain vaccine confidence as it related to parents' decisions to vaccinate their children with recommended vaccines, and to develop a confidence measure to efficiently and effectively predict parents' self-reported vaccine behaviors. Method. A sample of parents with at least one child younger than 6 years (n = 376) was analyzed using data from the HealthStyles 2010 survey. Questions were grouped into block variables to create three confidence constructs: value, safety, and efficacy. Regression equations controlling for demographic characteristics were used to identify the confidence construct(s) that best predicted parents' self-reported vaccination decisions (accept all, some, or none of the recommended childhood vaccines). Results. Among the three constructs evaluated, confidence in the value of vaccines, that is the belief that vaccines are important and vaccinating one's children is the right thing to do, was the best predictor of parents' vaccine decisions, F(2, 351) = 119.199, p < .001. When combined into a block variable for analysis, two survey items measuring confidence in the value of vaccines accounted for 40% of the variance in parents' self-reported vaccine decisions. Confidence in the safety or efficacy of vaccines failed to account for additional significant variance in parent-reported vaccination behavior. Conclusions. Confidence in the value of vaccines is a helpful predictor of parent-reported vaccination behavior. Attitudinal constructs of confidence in the safety and efficacy of vaccines failed to account for additional significant variance in parents' vaccination behaviors. Future research should assess the role of vaccine knowledge and tangible barriers, such as access and cost, to further explain parents' vaccination behaviors.

Lavail KH; Kennedy AM

2013-10-01

164

[Safety and tolerability of local treatment with Iloprost in patients with Peyronie's disease. A phase 1 pilot study and proposal of a new symptom questionnaire].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Intralesional therapy is a less invasive method for the treatment of Peyronie's disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate safety and tolerability of intralesional injections of Iloprost (I2 Prostacyclin analogue) for its property to suppress in fibroblasts CTFG (Connective tissue growth factor) production, which acts in concert with TGF-ß to stimulate the fibrotic process. METHODS: Nineteen patients with Peyronie's disease were preliminarily evaluated by considering the degree of penile curvature, plaque size and local and systemic symptoms. Each patient then received weekly intralesional injections of 200 ng of Iloprost in 1 ml of normal saline for 4-5 weeks. If tolerated, the single dose increased weekly to the maximum of 400 ng (2 mL). RESULTS: The treatment has shown that all patients seem to well tolerate a 200 ng Iloprost dose; 7 of them reached a 300 ng dose and 6 tolerate a 400 ng dose without showing side effects. There was no placebo control group in this study. To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment, the absence of objective parameters (except for the auto-photograph of penis in erection) led us to develop a subjective questionnaire that was given to all patients to assess sexual function, pain reduction, ecc. CONCLUSIONS: Due to the relatively small size of the sample, the efficacy evaluation has been restricted to check the questionnaire reliability. Iloprost is well tolerated to a dose of 400 ng in the local treatment of Peyronie's disease.

Pavone C; Melloni C; Oxenius I; Napoli G; Usala M; Abbadessa D

2010-07-01

165

Assessment of Safety Culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A strong safety culture leads to more effective conduct of work and a sense of accountability among managers and employees, who should be given the opportunity to expand skills by training. The resources expended would thus result in tangible improvements in working practices and skills, which encourage further improvement of safety culture. In promoting an improved safety culture, NEK has emphasized both national and organizational culture with an appropriate balance of behavioural sciences and quality management systems approaches. In recent years there has been particular emphasis put on an increasing awareness of the contribution that human behavioural sciences can make to develop good safety practices. The purpose of an assessment of safety culture is to increase the awareness of the present culture, to serve as a basis for improvement and to keep track of the effects of change or improvement over a longer period of time. There is, however, no single approach that is suitable for all purposes and which can measure, simultaneously, all the intangible aspects of safety culture, i.e. the norms, values, beliefs, attitudes or the behaviours reflecting the culture. Various methods have their strengths and weaknesses. To prevent significant performance problems, self-assessment is used. Self-assessment is the process of identifying opportunities for improvement actively or, in some cases, weaknesses that could cause more serious errors or events. Self-assessments are an important input to the corrective action programme. NEK has developed questionnaires for safety culture self-assessment to obtain information that is representative of the whole organization. Questionnaires ensure a greater degree of anonymity, and create a less stressful situation for the respondent. Answers to questions represent the more apparent and conscious values and attitudes of the respondent. NEK proactively co-operates with WANO, INPO, IAEA in the areas of Safety Culture and Human Performance. NEK has a strong safety culture, driven from the top with conscious efforts to inculcate the safety thinking in employees from the very start. (author)

2006-01-01

166

Validação de um questionário de atitude em relação à soja e seus derivados com clientes da alimentação coletiva Validation of a questionnaire to assess food service customer's attitude towards soybeans and its products  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Validar um questionário para verificar a atitude de clientes da Alimentação Coletiva em relação à soja e seus derivados. MÉTODOS: A elaboração do questionário valeu-se de escala de Likert de cinco pontos. As validações foram realizadas com clientes de duas unidades de alimentação e nutrição, da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, sendo a primeira uma empresa gráfica e a segunda uma empresa de confecções. A validação interna valeu-se do coeficiente de Cronbach para medir confiabilidade. Aplicou-se o teste de normalidade às matrizes de escores para cada item. A constatação do comportamento dos escores não Gausiano indicou utilização da correlação de Spearman (r) para discriminar itens. Como critério de exclusão foi definido r negativo ou próximo de zero. A validação externa foi realizada entre o confronto das matrizes representadas pelas médias dos escores de cada item. Utilizou-se a razão dos desvios-padrão para avaliar a concordância relativa, considerando-se a associação entre as matrizes resultantes da aplicação do questionário nas duas unidades de alimentação e nutrição. RESULTADOS: Participaram da validação 45 e 90 clientes das duas unidades de alimentação e nutrição, respectivamente. O procedimento aplicado na unidade de alimentação e nutrição da empresa gráfica indicou a retirada de 3 itens dentre os 20 itens originais. O questionário resultante foi replicado na unidade de alimentação e nutrição da empresa de confecção, sem indicação de exclusão de itens. O coeficiente de Cronbach foi 0,92 e 0,91, respectivamente, indicando confiabilidade do instrumento para medir atitude. O confronto entre os escores para cada item entre as unidades gerou a razão de desvio 0,99, que recomenda retirada do item seis, relativo à rotulagem, ou seja, se as informações são suficientemente claras em relação à soja. CONCLUSÃO: O questionário foi validado, tornando-se um instrumento capaz de informar sobre a atitude de clientes da alimentação coletiva em relação à soja e seus derivados.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to validate a questionnaire that verifies food service customers´ attitude towards soybeans and its products. METHODS: A five-point Likert scale was used to develop the questionnaire. Validation was accomplished with customers of two food and nutrition units in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the first being a printing company and the second a clothing company. Cronbach´s alpha was used to measure internal reliability. The normality test was applied to the score matrices of each item. The identification of scores with non-Gaussian behavior indicated the need to use Spearman's correlation (r) to discriminate items. The exclusion criterion was correlations with negative or close to zero r. The external validation was established by confronting the matrices represented by the mean scores of each item. The standard deviation ratio was used to assess the relative agreement considering the association between the matrices which resulted from the administration of the questionnaires in both Food and Nutrition Units. RESULTS: A total of 45 and 90 clients from the two food and nutrition units respectively participated in the validation process. The procedure administered the printing company unit indicated the removal of three items from the twenty original items. The resulting questionnaire was administered in the clothing company unit, with no indication of item removal. The Cronbach's coefficient was 0.92 and 0.91, respectively showing that the instrument measures attitude reliably. The confrontation between the scores of each item and between the two food and nutrition units generated a deviation ratio of 0.99, which recommends the removal of item number six, regarding labeling, that is, if the information regarding soybeans is sufficiently clear. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire was validated, therefore it is an instrument capable of determining food service customers´ attitude towards soybeans and its products.

Silvia Magalhães Couto; Gabriela Morgado de Oliveira Coelho; Alessandra Silva de Souza; Marina de Figueiredo Ferreira; Victor Augustus Marin; Haydée Serrão Lanzillotti

2009-01-01

167

Parent's knowledge, attitudes and behaviours about using child car safety seat: example of Zonguldak  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Çocuk koltuklar?n?n otomobillerde kullan?lmas?n?n en temel nedeni araç içinde seyahat eden çocu?un kaza s?ras?nda oturdu?u yerden f?rlay?p savrulmas?n? önlemektir. Otomobile sabitlenen koltuklar çocuklar?n ba??n? ve vücudunu korumakta olup her ya? grubu çocu?un boyuna, kilosuna ve araban?n cinsine göre de?i?iklik göstermektedir Purpose: This study has been fulfilled to determine frequency of using child care auto safety seat, the level of knowledge of parents and opinions about this subject. Method and material: The data for this study were collected between the dates of 13 February and 30 June 2012. The group of this study consists of parents who applied to Mithat Pa?a and Çatala?z? and Kilimli Family Health Centers in Zonguldak. The parents who have car and child between 0-9 ages have been included into this study. The parents who have physically and mentally defectives and prematüre children, have been excluded from the study. Results: According to the results of the study, a significant relationship has been found between parents' level of education and the number of children using CCSS. Families using thecar seatwithout knowledge (55%) have remarkable. Conclusions and recommendations: All the Health Staffers and the media organizations have responsible for informing and raising awareness on CCSS of parents.

Meltem Körtüncü; Birsel Canan Demirba?

2013-01-01

168

Validação de um questionário de atitude em relação à soja e seus derivados com clientes da alimentação coletiva/ Validation of a questionnaire to assess food service customer's attitude towards soybeans and its products  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Validar um questionário para verificar a atitude de clientes da Alimentação Coletiva em relação à soja e seus derivados. MÉTODOS: A elaboração do questionário valeu-se de escala de Likert de cinco pontos. As validações foram realizadas com clientes de duas unidades de alimentação e nutrição, da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, sendo a primeira uma empresa gráfica e a segunda uma empresa de confecções. A validação interna valeu-se do coeficiente de (more) Cronbach para medir confiabilidade. Aplicou-se o teste de normalidade às matrizes de escores para cada item. A constatação do comportamento dos escores não Gausiano indicou utilização da correlação de Spearman (r) para discriminar itens. Como critério de exclusão foi definido r negativo ou próximo de zero. A validação externa foi realizada entre o confronto das matrizes representadas pelas médias dos escores de cada item. Utilizou-se a razão dos desvios-padrão para avaliar a concordância relativa, considerando-se a associação entre as matrizes resultantes da aplicação do questionário nas duas unidades de alimentação e nutrição. RESULTADOS: Participaram da validação 45 e 90 clientes das duas unidades de alimentação e nutrição, respectivamente. O procedimento aplicado na unidade de alimentação e nutrição da empresa gráfica indicou a retirada de 3 itens dentre os 20 itens originais. O questionário resultante foi replicado na unidade de alimentação e nutrição da empresa de confecção, sem indicação de exclusão de itens. O coeficiente de Cronbach foi 0,92 e 0,91, respectivamente, indicando confiabilidade do instrumento para medir atitude. O confronto entre os escores para cada item entre as unidades gerou a razão de desvio 0,99, que recomenda retirada do item seis, relativo à rotulagem, ou seja, se as informações são suficientemente claras em relação à soja. CONCLUSÃO: O questionário foi validado, tornando-se um instrumento capaz de informar sobre a atitude de clientes da alimentação coletiva em relação à soja e seus derivados. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective was to validate a questionnaire that verifies food service customers´ attitude towards soybeans and its products. METHODS: A five-point Likert scale was used to develop the questionnaire. Validation was accomplished with customers of two food and nutrition units in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the first being a printing company and the second a clothing company. Cronbach´s alpha was used to measure internal reliability. The normality te (more) st was applied to the score matrices of each item. The identification of scores with non-Gaussian behavior indicated the need to use Spearman's correlation (r) to discriminate items. The exclusion criterion was correlations with negative or close to zero r. The external validation was established by confronting the matrices represented by the mean scores of each item. The standard deviation ratio was used to assess the relative agreement considering the association between the matrices which resulted from the administration of the questionnaires in both Food and Nutrition Units. RESULTS: A total of 45 and 90 clients from the two food and nutrition units respectively participated in the validation process. The procedure administered the printing company unit indicated the removal of three items from the twenty original items. The resulting questionnaire was administered in the clothing company unit, with no indication of item removal. The Cronbach's coefficient was 0.92 and 0.91, respectively showing that the instrument measures attitude reliably. The confrontation between the scores of each item and between the two food and nutrition units generated a deviation ratio of 0.99, which recommends the removal of item number six, regarding labeling, that is, if the information regarding soybeans is sufficiently clear. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire was validated, therefore it is an instrument capable of determining food service customers&a

Couto, Silvia Magalhães; Coelho, Gabriela Morgado de Oliveira; Souza, Alessandra Silva de; Ferreira, Marina de Figueiredo; Marin, Victor Augustus; Lanzillotti, Haydée Serrão

2009-10-01

169

Public knowledge, risk perception, attitudes and practices in relation to the swine flu pandemic: A cross sectional questionnaire-based survey in Bahrain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction/Objectives: On 10 August 2010 World Health Organization announced that H1N1 influenza virus had moved into the post-pandemic period and hence it is time for countries to evaluate their response to the pandemic. Many studies have been done about the public perception and behaviours toward H1N1 influenza in the western world; however none has been done so far in the Gulf countries. Therefore, this paper investigates the general public knowledge, risk perception, preventive behaviours and practices during the H1N1 pandemic in Kingdom of Bahrain, as a model for the Gulf countries.Methods: The study was conducted using a cross-sectional questionnaire based survey on 771 Bahraini individuals.Results: Despite that the public showed strong adherence to the personal protective hygiene measures, most of them underestimated the threat of H1N1 pandemic as evident in their knowledge of previous pandemics or in their susceptibility perception. Furthermore, misconceptions and wrong beliefs were common, which indicates a gap in the knowledge and practice of the public. For example, most of the public were against taking H1N1 Influenza vaccine and their negative intension was based on the alleged side effects of the vaccine.Conclusion: This study provides a baseline for an ongoing surveillance programme to help the local authorities in improving their pandemic preparatory plans, especially the governmental educational and media campaign.

Essam Janahi; Maysoon Awadh; Shereen Awadh

2011-01-01

170

Chinese consumers' attitude towards different pig production systems  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study investigates Chinese consumers' attitude towards different pig production systems by means of a conjoint analysis. While there has been a range of studies on western consumers' attitudes to various forms of food production, little is known about such attitudes in other cultural contexts. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in six Chinese cities and 473 valid questionnaires were obtained. Results indicate that Chinese consumers prefer industrial pig production systems, where traditional pig breeds are raised, over large-scale and small family farms. Farms with maximum attention to food safety which furthermore can provide lean meat with consistent quality are also preferred compared to farms that have less focus on food safety. Chinese consumers also rejected imported pig breeds and tasty but variable meat.

de Barcellos, Marcia Dutra; Grunert, Klaus G.

2008-01-01

171

Instruments & Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

Included here are instruments and questionnaires developed by Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch staff for use in our research efforts. These tools are also used by many other researchers in government and academia. Documentation, software, and other supporting material, when available, are also provided.

172

Attitudes and attitude change  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

An attitude can be defined as the evaluation of an object as positive or negative. The term "object" in this definition should be understood in a broad sense; an attitude object may be any concrete or abstract entity that is in some way represented in our thoughts and memory. In other words, attitude objects are simply the things we like or dislike. Consumer researchers are mainly interested in attitude objects of two classes, products and services, including the attributes, issues, persons, communications, situations, and behaviours related to them. Research on consumer attitudes takes two perspectives: Understanding attitude structure: how is an attitude cognitively represented in a consumer's mind, including its components (intra-attitudinal structure) and its associations with other psychological variables (inter-attitudinal structure)? Understanding information processing: what are the psychological processes through which consumers evaluate new objects (attitude formation), retrieve evaluations from memory (attitude activation), and update evaluations in response to new information (attitude change)? The purpose of this chapter is to familiarise the reader with classical and contemporary attitude theory. Why is this important? Attitudinal concepts can be found in every area of marketing. Concepts like ad liking, brand attitude, quality perception, product preference, perceived benefit, perceived risk, perceived value, and customer satisfaction can all be understood as particular types of attitudes. This is the reason why a thorough understanding of attitudes is one of the most important skills a marketer can have. That same is true in related areas such as communications research: concepts like public opinion, corporate reputation, and corporate image are nothing more than particular types of attitudes. Even the utility concept in economics can simply be regarded as a synonym for attitudes.

Scholderer, Joachim

2010-01-01

173

Correlates of Cadet Exposure to Research Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to discover what patterns of attitudes are associated with cadet perception of the frequency and usefulness of questionnaire surveys of cadet opinion. The responses of 150 cadets to the 1971 First Class Questionnaire were sca...

R. F. Priest

1975-01-01

174

The association between EMS workplace safety culture and safety outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective Prior studies have highlighted wide variation in EMS workplace safety culture across agencies. We sought to determine the association between EMS workplace safety culture scores and patient or provider safety outcomes. Methods We administered a cross-sectional survey to EMS workers affiliated with a convenience sample of agencies. We recruited these agencies from a national EMS management organization. We used the EMS Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (EMS-SAQ) to measure workplace safety culture and the EMS Safety Inventory (EMS-SI), a tool developed to capture self-reported safety outcomes from EMS workers. The EMS-SAQ provides reliable and valid measures of six domains: safety climate, teamwork climate, perceptions of management, perceptions of working conditions, stress recognition, and job satisfaction. A panel of medical directors, paramedics, and occupational epidemiologists developed the EMS-SI to measure self-reported injury, medical errors and adverse events, and safety-compromising behaviors. We used hierarchical linear models to evaluate the association between EMS-SAQ scores and EMS-SI safety outcome measures. Results Sixteen percent of all respondents reported experiencing an injury in the past 3 months, four of every 10 respondents reported an error or adverse event (AE), and 90% reported safety-compromising behaviors. Respondents reporting injury scored lower on 5 of the 6 domains of safety culture. Respondents reporting an error or AE scored lower for 4 of the 6 domains, while respondents reporting safety-compromising behavior had lower safety culture scores for 5 of 6 domains. Conclusions Individual EMS worker perceptions of workplace safety culture are associated with composite measures of patient and provider safety outcomes. This study is preliminary evidence of the association between safety culture and patient or provider safety outcomes.

Weaver, Matthew D.; Wang, Henry E.; Fairbanks, Rollin J.; Patterson, Daniel

2012-01-01

175

The association between EMS workplace safety culture and safety outcomes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Prior studies have highlighted wide variation in emergency medical services (EMS) workplace safety culture across agencies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between EMS workplace safety culture scores and patient or provider safety outcomes. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to EMS workers affiliated with a convenience sample of agencies. We recruited these agencies from a national EMS management organization. We used the EMS Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (EMS-SAQ) to measure workplace safety culture and the EMS Safety Inventory (EMS-SI), a tool developed to capture self-reported safety outcomes from EMS workers. The EMS-SAQ provides reliable and valid measures of six domains: safety climate, teamwork climate, perceptions of management, working conditions, stress recognition, and job satisfaction. A panel of medical directors, emergency medical technicians and paramedics, and occupational epidemiologists developed the EMS-SI to measure self-reported injury, medical errors and adverse events, and safety-compromising behaviors. We used hierarchical linear models to evaluate the association between EMS-SAQ scores and EMS-SI safety outcome measures. RESULTS: Sixteen percent of all respondents reported experiencing an injury in the past three months, four of every 10 respondents reported an error or adverse event (AE), and 89% reported safety-compromising behaviors. Respondents reporting injury scored lower on five of the six domains of safety culture. Respondents reporting an error or AE scored lower for four of the six domains, while respondents reporting safety-compromising behavior had lower safety culture scores for five of the six domains. CONCLUSIONS: Individual EMS worker perceptions of workplace safety culture are associated with composite measures of patient and provider safety outcomes. This study is preliminary evidence of the association between safety culture and patient or provider safety outcomes.

Weaver MD; Wang HE; Fairbanks RJ; Patterson D

2012-01-01

176

Proposal for a questionnaire to assess risk perception concerning a radioactive waste repository  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the key features for public acceptance of nuclear energy is the belief that radioactive waste can be managed safely, in order to protect human beings from its possible harmful effects in present and future generations. In this sense, it is essential to understand how people perceive the risk associated with radioactive waste and which the main factors driving their attitudes toward its disposal are. One of the ways to achieve this understanding is through opinion polls. In this study, a questionnaire focused on the nuclear energy acceptability issue and its association with radioactive waste management was proposed, covering the following aspects: attitudes towards radioactive waste and nuclear power, credibility on institutions and sectors responsible by the nuclear safety, identification of perceived benefits, risk perception of specific technologies and activities, perception of real risk, emotional reaction comprehension and precautionary principle. Results obtained from a pilot questionnaire application are presented and discussed in this paper. (author)

2011-01-01

177

HEM??RELER?N HASTA GÜVENL??? KONUSUNDA YÖNET?C?LER?N TUTUMUNU ALGILAYI?I (NURSES’ PERCEPTION OF MANAGERS’ ATTITUDE TO PATIENT SAFETY)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Patient safety necessitates building the systems which prevent the errors that may emerge during healthcare services from occurring in such a way to harm patients and taking necessary measures. For this reason, one of the most significant duties of the hospital management is to establish and develop patient safety. Throughout patient safety, a major part of patient care and medical activities is conducted by nurses. Therefore, this study was performed with the intent of evaluating nurses’ perception of management’s patient safety practices on the grounds that both the number of nurses is high and nurses are a member of the healthcare staff that is object of the patient most. The population of the research comprised of 355 nurses serving at Bulent Ecevit University Practice and Research Hospital. In collecting data, questionnaire forms were used. Factor analysis, ANOVA and t-test were exploited in the statistical analysis of the data. As a result of the conducted statistical analyses, it was found that the management has to lay emphasis on supply factor in terms of patient factor.

Oya KORKMAZ

2012-01-01

178

"Blue letter effects": Changes in physicians' attitudes toward dabigatran after a safety advisory in a specialized hospital for cardiovascular care in Japan.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: A blue letter (safety advisory) for dabigatran was issued by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in August 2011. Changes in physicians' attitudes toward dabigatran use before and after the blue letter have not been previously reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between March 2011 and July 2012, dabigatran was prescribed to 404 Japanese patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation at The Cardiovascular Institute (Tokyo, Japan). Patients were divided into three groups according to the first prescription date: phase I (before the blue letter, n=135); phase II (after the blue letter and before permission for longer-term prescriptions, n=112); and phase III (after permission for longer-term prescriptions, n=157). In phase II, dabigatran use tended to be avoided for patients with older age, renal dysfunction, receiving antiplatelet medication, or p-glycoprotein inhibitors. Measurement of activated partial thromboplastin time significantly increased from phase I to III. In phase III, the tendencies seen in phase II were reversed: dabigatran use in patients with older age and renal dysfunction tended to increase, but decreased or remained the same in patients receiving antiplatelet medications or p-glycoprotein inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: We described the changes in the attitudes of attending physicians toward dabigatran prescription after the blue letter in a specialized hospital for cardiovascular care in Japan, which, we believe, involve useful information for safe use of dabigatran in a real-world clinical setting. However, a true impact or effect of the blue letter should be ascertained in a nationwide, multicenter study.

Suzuki S; Sagara K; Otsuka T; Kano H; Matsuno S; Takai H; Uejima T; Oikawa Y; Koike A; Nagashima K; Kirigaya H; Yajima J; Tanabe H; Sawada H; Aizawa T; Yamashita T

2013-07-01

179

Patient safety and quality improvement education: a cross-sectional study of medical students’ preferences and attitudes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Recent educational initiatives by both the World Health Organization and the American Association of Medical Colleges have endorsed integrating teaching of patient safety and quality improvement (QI) to medical students. Curriculum development should take into ac...

Teigland Claire L; Blasiak Rachel C; Wilson Lindsay A; Hines Rachel E; Meyerhoff Karen L; Viera Anthony J

180

PERCEPTION OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION WORKERS TOWARDS SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The construction industry is known as one of the most hazardous activities. Therefore, safety on the job site is an important aspect with respect to the overall safety in construction. This paper assesses the safety level perception of the construction building workers towards safety, health and environment on a construction job site in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The above study was carried out by choosing 5 selected large building construction projects and 5 small building construction projects respectively in and around Kuala Lumpur area. In the present study, an exhaustive survey was carried out in these 10 project site areas using a standard checklist and a detailed developed questionnaire. The checklist comprised 17 divisions of safety measurements which are considered and perceived to be important from the safety point of view and was assessed based on the score obtained. The questionnaire comprised the general information with 36 safety attitude statements on a 1-5 Likert scale which was distributed to 100 construction workers. The results of the checklist show the difference of safety levels between the large and small projects. The study revealed that the large projects shown a high and consistent level in safety while the small projects shown a low and varied safety levels. The relationship between the factors can be obtained from the questionnaire. They are organizational commitment, factor influencing communication among workmates, worker related factors, personal role and supervisors’ role factors, obstacles to safety and safe behavior factors and management commitment at all levels in line with the management structure and risk taking behavioral factors. The findings of the present study revealed invaluable indications to the construction managers especially in improving the construction workers’ attitude towards safety, health and environment and hence good safety culture in the building construction industries.

C.R. CHE HASSAN; O.J. BASHA; W.H. WAN HANAFI

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Desenvolvimento e reprodutibilidade de questionário para avaliar práticas e conhecimentos em segurança alimentar de nutricionistas da área clínica Development and reliability of a questionnaire to assess clinical dietitians' practices and knowledge of food safety  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Os propósitos deste estudo foram desenvolver um questionário para avaliar práticas e conhecimentos em segurança sanitária alimentar, de nutricionistas da área clínica, e medir o nível de reprodutibilidade deste questionário. MÉTODOS: O questionário foi desenvolvido a partir de seis áreas temáticas: prevenção da contaminação cruzada; higiene pessoal/ambiental; controle de temperaturas e de alimentos de alto risco e segurança alimentar para indivíduos portadores do vírus da imunodeficiência humana/síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida. Para medir o nível de reprodutibilidade, utilizou-se o procedimento de teste e re-teste e a estatística kappa simples. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram os níveis de reprodutibilidade: >0,61 para 95,0%; entre 0,60-0,40 para 2,5% e 0,61), sugerindo que o mesmo representa uma boa opção para avaliar as práticas e os conhecimentos em segurança alimentar de nutricionistas da área clínica, visando ao planejamento de estratégias educativas.OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to develop a questionnaire to assess clinical dietitians´ practices and knowledge of food safety and determine the reliability of this instrument. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed around six areas: prevention of cross contamination, personal and environmental hygiene; control of temperature and high-risk foods and food safety for individuals with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined by the test-retest method and simple Kappa statistics. RESULTS: The results showed the reliability levels: >0.61 for 95.0%, from 0.60 to 0.40 for 2.5% and 0.61), suggesting that it is a good device to assess clinical dietitians´ practices and knowledge of food safety, which allows for the planning of educational strategies.

Luísa Helena Maia Leite; William Waissmann; Alessandra Bento Veggi

2007-01-01

182

Relationship between students' interests in science and attitudes toward nuclear power generation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to study the following two points, we conducted an attitude survey among senior high school students. Study 1 The differences in attitudes between nuclear power generation and other science and technologies. Study 2 The relationship between student's interest in science and attitudes toward nuclear power generation. In the questionnaire, the attitude toward nuclear power generation consisted of four questions: (1) pros and cons, (2) safety, (3) necessity, (4) reliability of scientists and engineers who are involved in nuclear power; and we treat four science and technology issues: (1) genetically modified foods, (2) nuclear power generation, (3) humanoid and pet robots, (4) crone technology. From study 1, on attitude to security toward nuclear power generation, about 80% of respondents answered negatively and on attitude to necessity toward it, about 75% of respondents answered positively. Therefore, we found that the structure of attitude was complicated and that it was specific to nuclear power generation. From study 2, we found students' interests in science that influence the attitude toward nuclear power generation. (author)

2008-01-01

183

Diseño y validación de un cuestionario de calidad de los cuidados de Enfermería del Trabajo en los Servicios de Prevención Design of a questionnaire on the quality of occupational health nursing at the safety management services  

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Full Text Available Origen y objetivos: El objetivo principal de este trabajo será elaborar un cuestionario que nos permita conocer la percepción de los trabajadores sobre las actividades que realiza la enfermería del trabajo en los diferentes Servicios de Prevención. Método: El cuestionario se divide en tres partes: 1) Variables sociodemográficas, formadas por 4 items; 2) Opinión sobre el servicio de prevención, formado por 15 items; 3) Opinión de los trabajadores sobre la atención de enfermería, formado por 23 items. Se analizó el comportamiento métrico del cuestionario respecto a la validez de constructo, de criterio y la consistencia interna, para lo cual, se opta por hacerlo según los criterios básicos de Moriyama y el cálculo de índice ? de Conbrach. Para ello se repartieron 55 cuestionarios de control en los diferentes servicios de prevención de la Comunidad de Cantabria y se trataron los datos con el programa SPSS v.15 de análisis estadístico. Resultados: Se superó el criterio de validación establecido, con resultados superiores al 80% en la valoración de los expertos. Encontramos una buena consistencia interna, evidenciada por un Alfa de Cronbach de 0.837 en cada sección. Conclusión: El cuestionario reúne suficientes propiedades psicométricas para ser considerado una herramienta útil y fiable capaz de medir con objetividad la satisfacción de los trabajadores con los cuidados de la enfermería del trabajo.Introduction and Aim: The main aim of this study is to draw up a "Questionnaire on Satisfaction with Occupational Health Nursing" (Cuestionario de satisfacción con los cuidados de la enfermería del trabajo - CUSACET), which will enable us to gauge users' perceptions with regard to the occupational health nursing work carried out by the various safety management services. Materials and Method: The questionnaire is designed to encompass three dimensions: a. Sociodemographic: consisting of four items. b. Opinion of the safety management services: consisting of fifteen items. c. Opinion of care received from the nursing staff at the safety management service, measured by twenty-three items. We opted to do the validation according to the basic criteria of Moriyama and by applying Cronbach's Alpha index. To this end, 55 control questionnaires were given out at various safety management services in Cantabria. The questionnaires were collected and the data recorded onto the statistical analysis program SPSS v.15. Results: The criterion established for validity was exceeded, with results above 80% in assessment by experts in accordance with Moriyama's basic criteria. We encountered good internal consistency, as evidenced by a Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.837 in each section. Conclusions: This paper presents a new instrument, specifically designed to measure the quality of occupational health nursing care through the perceptions of the users who receive it which is reliable and easy to use.

Esperanza Alonso Jiménez; Pedro Cabeza Díaz; Gemma Gutiérrez Fernández; Ana Rosa Pérez Manjón; Pablo Tomé Bravo

2013-01-01

184

Consumers’ attitudes towards green food in China : A hierarchical value-attitude model  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Green food is perceived by Chinese consumers as environmentally friendly and safe to consume. Through a Value-Attitude model, the paper examines the degree to which attitudes towards green food is determined by consumers’ values and their general attitudes towards environment and technology. The link between collectivism, attitudes towards environment and attitudes towards green food is the strongest one. Collectivism also influences attitudes towards technology, which in turn influence attitudes towards green food. However, the lack of significant relationship between individualism and attitudes towards technology points towards the belief of Chinese people that technology is a positive determinant of food safety, and that interest in technology steams from altruistic predispositions.

Perrea, Toula; Grunert, Klaus G

185

Managerial attitude toward quality assurance  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper will present what relationships exist between the attitude toward quality assurance and the variables of training and experience on the part of managers within the nuclear power industry. Managerial attitude toward quality assurance was measured via questionnaires submitted to managers within architect-engineering, nuclear steam supplier, and constructor firms throughout the United States. The data from the completed questionnaires were statistically analyzed using the chi-square test and conclusions were drawn. Additional study results related to major factors for positive and negative attitudes toward quality assurance will be presented.

Kirschenmann, H.J.

1983-01-01

186

Parents' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated parents' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel following new Australian legislation regarding child restraint system (CRS) and motor vehicle restraint use for children aged 7 years and under. A questionnaire exploring attitudes, knowledge and behaviours regarding general road safety, as well as safe child occupant travel, was completed by 272 participants with at least one child aged between 3 and 10 years residing in the Australian state of Victoria. Responses to the questionnaire revealed that participants' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours towards road safety in general were fairly positive, with most participants reporting that they restrict their alcohol consumption or do not drink at all while driving (87%), drive at or below the speed limit (85%) and 'always' wear their seatbelts (98%). However, more than half of the participants reported engaging in distracting behaviours 'sometimes' or 'often' (54%) and a small proportion of participants indicated that they 'sometimes' engaged in aggressive driving (14%). Regarding their attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel, most participants reported that they 'always' restrain their children (99%). However, there was a surprisingly high proportion of participants who did not know the appropriate age thresholds' to transition their child from a booster seat to an adult seatbelt (53%) or the age for which it is appropriate for their child to sit in the front passenger seat of the vehicle (20%). Logistic regression analyses revealed that parents' knowledge regarding safe child occupant travel was significantly related to their attitudes, knowledge and behaviours towards road safety in general, such as drinking habits while driving and CRS safety knowledge. Based on the findings of this study, a number of recommendations are made for strategies to enhance parents' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel, as well as for future research. PMID:23182779

Koppel, Sjaan; Muir, Carlyn; Budd, Laurie; Devlin, Anna; Oxley, Jennie; Charlton, Judith L; Newstead, Stuart

2012-11-24

187

Parents' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study investigated parents' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel following new Australian legislation regarding child restraint system (CRS) and motor vehicle restraint use for children aged 7 years and under. A questionnaire exploring attitudes, knowledge and behaviours regarding general road safety, as well as safe child occupant travel, was completed by 272 participants with at least one child aged between 3 and 10 years residing in the Australian state of Victoria. Responses to the questionnaire revealed that participants' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours towards road safety in general were fairly positive, with most participants reporting that they restrict their alcohol consumption or do not drink at all while driving (87%), drive at or below the speed limit (85%) and 'always' wear their seatbelts (98%). However, more than half of the participants reported engaging in distracting behaviours 'sometimes' or 'often' (54%) and a small proportion of participants indicated that they 'sometimes' engaged in aggressive driving (14%). Regarding their attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel, most participants reported that they 'always' restrain their children (99%). However, there was a surprisingly high proportion of participants who did not know the appropriate age thresholds' to transition their child from a booster seat to an adult seatbelt (53%) or the age for which it is appropriate for their child to sit in the front passenger seat of the vehicle (20%). Logistic regression analyses revealed that parents' knowledge regarding safe child occupant travel was significantly related to their attitudes, knowledge and behaviours towards road safety in general, such as drinking habits while driving and CRS safety knowledge. Based on the findings of this study, a number of recommendations are made for strategies to enhance parents' attitudes, knowledge and behaviours relating to safe child occupant travel, as well as for future research.

Koppel S; Muir C; Budd L; Devlin A; Oxley J; Charlton JL; Newstead S

2013-03-01

188

Evaluation of Safety Culture Implementation and Socialization Results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Evaluation of safety culture implementation and socialization results has been perform. Evaluation is carried out with specifying safety culture indicators, namely: Meeting between management and employee, system for incidents analysis, training activities related to improving safety, meeting with regulator, contractors, surveys on behavioural attitudes, and resources allocated to promote safety culture. Evaluation is based on observation and visiting the facilities to show the compliance indicator in term of good practices in the frame of safety culture implementation. For three facilities of research reactors, Kartini Yogyakarta, TRIGA Mark II Bandung and MPR-GAS Serpong, implementation of safety culture is considered good enough and progressive. Furthermore some indicator should be considered more intensive, for example the allocated resources, self assesment based on own questionnaire in the frame of improving the safety culture implementation. (author)

2003-01-01

189

The Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ): development and validation of an effective patient-reported tool for outcome measurement and patient safety in shoulder surgery  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Outcome measurement in shoulder surgery is essential to evaluate the patient safety and treatment efficiency. Currently this is jeopardized by the fact that most patient-reported self-assessment instruments are not comparable. Hence, the aim was to develop a reli...

Schmidutz Florian; Beirer Marc; Braunstein Volker; Bogner Viktoria; Wiedemann Ernst; Biberthaler Peter

190

Is road safety management linked to road safety performance?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This research aims to explore the relationship between road safety management and road safety performance at country level. For that purpose, an appropriate theoretical framework is selected, namely the 'SUNflower' pyramid, which describes road safety management systems in terms of a five-level hierarchy: (i) structure and culture, (ii) programmes and measures, (iii) 'intermediate' outcomes' - safety performance indicators (SPIs), (iv) final outcomes - fatalities and injuries, and (v) social costs. For each layer of the pyramid, a composite indicator is implemented, on the basis of data for 30 European countries. Especially as regards road safety management indicators, these are estimated on the basis of Categorical Principal Component Analysis upon the responses of a dedicated road safety management questionnaire, jointly created and dispatched by the ETSC/PIN group and the 'DaCoTA' research project. Then, quasi-Poisson models and Beta regression models are developed for linking road safety management indicators and other indicators (i.e. background characteristics, SPIs) with road safety performance. In this context, different indicators of road safety performance are explored: mortality and fatality rates, percentage reduction in fatalities over a given period, a composite indicator of road safety final outcomes, and a composite indicator of 'intermediate' outcomes (SPIs). The results of the analyses suggest that road safety management can be described on the basis of three composite indicators: "vision and strategy", "budget, evaluation and reporting", and "measurement of road user attitudes and behaviours". Moreover, no direct statistical relationship could be established between road safety management indicators and final outcomes. However, a statistical relationship was found between road safety management and 'intermediate' outcomes, which were in turn found to affect 'final' outcomes, confirming the SUNflower approach on the consecutive effect of each layer.

Papadimitriou E; Yannis G

2013-10-01

191

Safety Cultural Assessment among Management, Supervisory and Worker Groups in a Tar Refinery Plant  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: This study investigated the relationship between people's attitudes towards the safety culture and comparing its perceptions among three levels of refinery Personnel: top management, supervisory staff and frontline workers by conducting safety culture survey.Methods: A questionnaire comprising general information and 59-safety attitude statement were distributed among 237 workers, 53 supervisors and 12 managers in Isfahan Tar Refinery in Iran.Results: The 10 testable factors, including organizational and management commitment to safety and communication, Rule breaking, Training and competence, Pressure for production and safety, Communication, Personal involvement in health and safety, Accident/Incidents/Near misses, Organizational/management commitment to health and safety, Supervisors/Immediate bosses/Line managers, Health and safety procedures/Instructions/rules, Workforce view on state of safety culture, have high inter-correlations and the three groups of respondents hold quite different attitudes regarding safety culture.Conclusion: These findings can give invaluable indication to the managers to have better understanding of safety culture in this industry.

E Habibi; M Fereidan

2011-01-01

192

Hospital survey on patient safety culture in China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patient safety culture is an important measure in assessing the quality of health care. There is a growing recognition of the need to establish a culture of hospital focused on patient safety. This study explores the attitudes and perceptions of patient safety culture for health care workers in China by using a Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC) questionnaire and comparing it with the psychometric properties of an adapted translation of the HSPSC in Chinese hospitals with that of the US. METHOD: We used the modified HSPSC questionnaire to measure 10 dimensions of patient safety culture from 32 hospitals in 15 cities all across China. The questionnaire included 1160 Chinese health-care workers who consisted of predominately internal physicians and nurses. We used SPSS 17.0 and Microsoft Excel 2007 to conduct the statistical analysis on survey data including descriptive statistics and validity and reliability of survey. All data was input and checked by two investigators independently. RESULT: A total of 1500 questionnaires were distributed of which 1160 were responded validly (response rate 77%). The positive response rate for each item ranged from 36% to 89%. The positive response rate on 5 dimensions (Teamwork Within Units, Organization Learning-Continuous Improvement, Communication Openness, Non-punitive Response and Teamwork Across Units) was higher than that of AHRQ data (P?safety culture in groups of different work units, positions and qualification levels. The internal consistency of the total survey was comparatively satisfied (Cronbach's ??=?0.84). CONCLUSION: The results show that amongst the health care workers surveyed in China there was a positive attitude towards the patient safety culture within their organizations. The differences between China and the US in patient safety culture suggests that cultural uniqueness should be taken into consideration whenever safety culture measurement tools are applied in different culture settings.

Nie Y; Mao X; Cui H; He S; Li J; Zhang M

2013-01-01

193

Current attitudes of Turkish anesthesiologists to radiation exposure.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes of anesthesiologists to radiation exposure and current safety practice in Turkey. METHODS: The study enrolled anesthesiologists from all over Turkey, including all levels of academic degrees and all types of different institutions. Questionnaire forms were sent via e-mail to 505 anesthesiologists. The survey collected demographic data such as age, gender, position, and the institution at which the participant worked, and data about the frequency of radiation exposure during procedures and the participant's attitudes concerning radiation safety measures during these procedures. RESULTS: The questionnaire forms were delivered to 491 anesthesiologists, and 301 (61.3 %) of these were returned. Of these, 9 had not completed the questionnaire because of a lack of exposure to radiation. Among the remaining 292 personnel, the weekly frequencies of radiation exposure were more than five times (36.7 %), one to five times (50.3 %), and less than once (13 %) per week, respectively. Only a few anesthesiologists regularly wore a lead apron (30.11 %) and a thyroid shield (11.3 %) during procedures involving radiation exposure. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that nearly all anesthesiologists are regularly exposed to radiation and that few anesthesiologists in Turkey wear protective clothing, which is essential for radiation protection. Therefore, if it is not, increasing awareness about radiation protection should be an integral part of medical training and education.

Tüfek A; Tokgöz O; Aycan IO; Celik F; Gümü? A

2013-05-01

194

Reprodutibilidade de um questionário para avaliação de conhecimentos, percepções e práticas em segurança sanitária alimentar de portadores de HIV/AIDS ambulatoriais Reliability of a questionnaire to assess food safety knowledge, perceptions, and practices among outpatients with human immunodeficiency virus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Portadores de HIV/AIDS são vulneráveis a muitos tipos de infecções, incluindo aquelas veiculadas por água e alimentos. O alto risco às infecções gastrintestinais poderia ser minimizado através do aconselhamento dietético, no ambiente das unidades de saúde ambulatoriais, visando à adoção de práticas de segurança sanitária alimentar. A pesquisa realizada teve como objetivo, dentre outros, avaliar os conhecimentos, as percepções e práticas em segurança alimentar de portadores de HIV/AIDS ambulatoriais. Para tal, elaborou-se questionário, a partir de cinco áreas temáticas (prevenção da contaminação cruzada; higiene pessoal e ambiental; controle de temperaturas; e consumo de alimentos de risco). O que se apresenta é o estudo de reprodutibilidade desse instrumento, para o qual foi utilizado o procedimento de teste e re-teste. Os resultados deste estudo mostraram que os valores kappa oscilaram de forte para 84,6% (33), moderado para 12,8% (5), a discreto para 2,5% (1) das questões testadas. Nossos resultados sugerem que o instrumento apresenta um bom nível de reprodutibilidade sendo uma boa opção para o levantamento de informações sobre segurança alimentar de pacientes portadores de HIV/AIDS.HIV-positive patients are at increased risk of acquiring infections, particularly those related to water and food. The risk could be reduced by educational interventions in the clinical setting related to food safety for the prevention of food-borne diseases. The current study aimed to analyze food safety knowledge, perceptions, and practices among HIV-positive outpatients. A questionnaire was organized with five behavioral areas (cross contamination; personal hygiene; household hygiene; temperature control; and control of unsafe foods). The test-retest procedure demonstrated the questionnaire's reliability. Kappa values varied among the questions: high for 84.6% (33); moderate for 12.8% (5); and low for 2.5% (1). Based on the results, the instrument showed good reliability for most of the questions and can be used for surveys on food safety in HIV-positive outpatients.

Luísa Helena Maia Leite; William Waissmann; Alessandra Bento Veggi

2007-01-01

195

Assessment of safety culture in isfahan hospitals (2010).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Many internal and external risk factors in health care organizations make safety important and it has caused the management to consider safety in their mission statement. One of the most important tools is to establish the appropriate organizational structure and safety culture. THE GOAL: The goal of this research is to inform managers and staff about current safety culture status in hospitals in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of health services. METHODS: This is a descriptive-survey research. The research population was selected hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. Research tool was a questionnaire (Cronbach alpha 0.75). The questionnaire including 93 questions (Likert scale) classified in 12 categories: Demographic questions, Individual attitude, management attitude, Safety Training, Induced stress, pressure and emotional conditions during work, Consultation and participation, Communications, Monitoring and control, work environment, Reporting, safety Rules, procedures and work instructions that distributed among 45 technicians, 208 Nurses and 62 Physicians. All data collected from the serve was analysis with statistical package of social science (SPSS). In this survey Friedman test, Spearman correlation, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and factor analysis have been used for data analyzing. RESULTS: The score of safety culture dimensions was 2.90 for Individual attitude, 3.12 for management attitude, 3.32 for Safety Training, 3.14 for Induced stress, pressure and emotional conditions during work, 3.31 for Consultation and participation, 2.93 for Communications, 3.28 for Monitoring and control, 3.19 for work environment, 3.36 for Reporting, 3.59 safety Rules, procedures and work instructions that Communication and individual attitude were in bad condition. Safety culture among different hospitals: governmental and educational, governmental and non-educational and non-governmental and different functional groups (physicians, nurses, diagnostic) of studied hospitals showed no significant differences. There was no relationship between safety culture and demographic data. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that is no different among governmental and educational, governmental and non-educational and non-governmental in level of safety culture, all of them were on intermediate level so it is essential to attention to the safety culture in hospitals and planning to improve it.

Raeisi AR; Nazari M; Bahmanziari N

2013-01-01

196

Police Attitudes toward Domestic Violence Offenders  

Science.gov (United States)

Police attitudes are important in facilitating a sense of safety and comfort in women seeking justice-system support for protection from partner violence. This study examined police attitudes toward sanctions and treatment for domestic violence offenders compared with other violent and nonviolent offenders. In addition, police attitudes toward…

Logan, T. K.; Shannon, Lisa; Walker, Robert

2006-01-01

197

SAFETY  

CERN Multimedia

  “Safety is the highest priority”: this statement from CERN is endorsed by the CMS management. An interpretation of this statement may bring you to the conclusion that you should stop working in order to avoid risks. If the safety is the priority, work is not! This would be a misunderstanding and misinterpretation. One should understand that “working safely” or “operating safely” is the priority at CERN. CERN personnel are exposed to different hazards on many levels on a daily basis. However, risk analyses and assessments are done in order to limit the number and the gravity of accidents. For example, this process takes place each time you cross the road. The hazard is the moving vehicle, the stake is you and the risk might be the risk of collision between both. The same principle has to be applied during our daily work. In particular, keeping in mind the general principles of prevention defined in the late 1980s. These principles wer...

C. Schaefer and N. Dupont

2013-01-01

198

Australian university students' attitudes towards the use of prescription stimulants as cognitive enhancers: perceived patterns of use, efficacy and safety.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Recent, high profile articles in leading science journals have claimed that the enhancement use of prescription stimulants is a common practice among students worldwide. This study provides empirical data on Australian university students' perceptions of: (i) the prevalence of prescription stimulant use by their peers for cognitive enhancement; (ii) motivations for such use; (iii) efficacy; and (iv) its safety. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were 19 Australian university students with an average age of 24 who were recruited through emails lists, notice board posters and snowball sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted during 2010 and 2011, recordings transcribed and responses coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Participants typically did not believe the use of stimulants for cognitive enhancement was common in Australia. Perceived motivations for use included: (i) 'getting ahead' to perform at high levels; (ii) 'keeping up' as a method of coping; and (iii) 'going out' so that an active social life could be maintained in the face of study demands. Australian students were generally sceptical about the potential benefits of stimulants for cognitive enhancement and they identified psychological dependence as a potential negative consequence. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: This study is an important first step in understanding the use of stimulants for cognitive enhancement in Australia, amid calls for more widespread use of cognitive enhancing drugs. It is important to conduct further studies of the extent of cognitive enhancement in Australia if we are to develop appropriate policy responses.

Partridge B; Bell S; Lucke J; Hall W

2013-05-01

199

Investigating patient safety culture across a health system: multilevel modelling of differences associated with service types and staff demographics.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To use multilevel modelling to compare the patient safety cultures of types of services across a health system and to determine whether differences found can be accounted for by staffs' professions, organizational roles, ages and type of patient care provided. DESIGN: Application of a hierarchical two-level regression model. SETTING: All services in the South Australian public health system. PARTICIPANTS: Approximately half of the health staff (n = 14 054) in the 46 organizations, classified into 18 types of service, which made up the South Australian public health system. INTERVENTIONS: Staff completed the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Attitudes regarding Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Job Satisfaction, Stress Recognition, Perception of Management and Working Conditions in participants' workplaces. RESULTS: All SAQ indices showed statistically significant although modest variations according to service type. However, most of these differences were not accounted for by the differences in the demographic composition of services' staff. Most favourable safety attitudes were found in the breast screening, primary/community health services, community nursing and metropolitan non-teaching hospitals. Poorer cultures were reported in the psychiatric hospital, mental health, metropolitan ambulance services and top-level teaching hospitals. Demographic differences in safety attitudes were observed; particularly, clinical, senior managerial, aged care and older staff held more favourable attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: Differences in staff attitudes have been demonstrated at a macro-level across the type of health services but for the most part, differences could not be explained by staffing composition.

Gallego B; Westbrook MT; Dunn AG; Braithwaite J

2012-08-01

200

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

 
 
 
 
201

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The main reasons for doing so included babies' enjoyment of them and the fact that the walker was used for an older sibling. Although none of the users listed safety concerns as a reason to stop using the walker, non-users (45%) did so; 12.5% of the users had at least one walker related injury. CONCLUSIONS: Parents of babies who use a walker perceive them as beneficial. However these babies are placed at unnecessary risk. It behoves all health professionals and child carers to alert parents to these dangers and the sale of walkers should be reviewed.

Laffoy M; Fitzpatrick P; Jordan M; Dowdall D

1995-06-01

202

Ethics of justice and ethics of care. Values and attitudes among midwifery students on adolescent sexuality and abortion in Vietnam and their implications for midwifery education: a survey by questionnaire and interview.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Adolescent's sexuality and related reproductive health and rights problems are sensitive issues in Vietnam. Globalisation has had an impact on the lifestyles of young people, and rising numbers of abortion and STI/HIV risks among youth are posing major health concerns in the country. These problems need to be addressed. Midwives belong to a key category of health personnel in Vietnam, whose task it is to promote adolescents' sexual and reproductive health and prevent reproductive ill health. It is important to understand future midwives' perceptions and attitudes in order to improve their education and training programmes. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate Vietnamese midwifery students' values and attitudes towards adolescent sexuality, abortion and contraception and their views on professional preparation. METHODS: A quantitative survey including 235 midwifery students from four different secondary medical colleges in northern Vietnam was carried out in 2003. A qualitative study addressing similar questions was performed and 18 midwifery students were individually interviewed. FINDINGS: Findings revealed a general disapproval of adolescent pre-marital sexual relations and abortion-'an ethics of justice'-but also an empathic attitude and willingness to support young women, who bear the consequences of unwanted pregnancies and social condemnation-'an ethics of care'. Gender-based imbalance in sexual relationships, limited knowledge about reproductive health issues among youth, and negative societal attitudes were concerns expressed by the students. The students saw their future tasks mainly related to childbearing and less to other reproductive health issues, such as abortion and prevention of STI/HIV. CONCLUSION: Midwifery education in Vietnam should encourage value-reflective thinking around gender inequality and ethical dilemmas, in order to prepare midwives to address adolescents' reproductive health needs.

Klingberg-Allvin M; Van Tam V; Nga NT; Ransjo-Arvidson AB; Johansson A

2007-01-01

203

Improving occupational safety and health by integration into product development  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A cross-sectional case study was performed in a large company producing electro-mechanical products for industrial application. The objectives were: (i) to study the product development process and the role of key actors', (ii) to identify current practice on integrating occupational safety and health into the development process, especially the efforts and attitudes of design and production engineers', and (iii) to identify key actors'reflections on how to improve this integration. The study was based on qualitative as well as quantitative methods including interviews, questionnaires and studies of documents. A questionnaire regarding product development tasks and occupational safety and health were distributed to 30 design and production engineers. A total of 27 completed the questionnaire corresponding to a response rate of 90 per cent.

Broberg, Ole

1996-01-01

204

Defining safety culture and the nexus between safety goals and safety culture. 1. An Investigation Study on Practical Points of Safety Management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In a report after the Chernobyl accident, the International Atomic Energy Agency indicated the definition and the importance of safety culture and the ideal organizational state where safety culture pervades. However, the report did not mention practical approaches to enhance safety culture. In Japan, although there had been investigations that clarified the consciousness of employees and the organizational climate in the nuclear power and railway industries, organizational factors that clarified the level of organization safety and practical methods that spread safety culture in an organization had not been studied. The Central Research Institute of the Electric Power Industry conducted surveys of organizational culture for the construction, chemical, and manufacturing industries. The aim of our study was to clarify the organizational factors that influence safety in an organization expressed in employee safety consciousness, commitment to safety activities, rate of accidents, etc. If these areas were clarified, the level of organization safety might be evaluated, and practical ways could be suggested to enhance the safety culture. Consequently, a series of investigations was conducted to clarify relationships among organizational climate, employee consciousness, safety management and activities, and rate of accidents. The questionnaire surveys were conducted in 1998-1999. The subjects were (a) managers of the safety management sections in the head offices of the construction, chemical, and manufacturing industries; (b) responsible persons in factories of the chemical and manufacturing industries; and (c) general workers in factories of the chemical and manufacturing industries. The number of collected data was (a) managers in the head office: 48 from the construction industry and 58 from the chemical and manufacturing industries, (b) responsible persons in factories: 567, and (c) general workers: from 29 factories. Items in the questionnaires were selected from among those of existing questionnaires about safety culture, organizational climate, and individual safety consciousness. From the results of investigations, it was supposed that the establishment of a safety management system to which the whole organization is committed and that has top-down and bottom-up cycles is necessary to enhance organization safety. For example, it was clarified that employee safety consciousness is relevant to 'the action of safety management section' and to two kinds of organization climate, i.e., 'good human relationship' and 'frequent discussion on safety'. As for worker motivation for safety, it was clarified that commitment to safety activities was directly influenced by 'safety activities adhering to actual work sites', 'advance check', and 'frequent discussion on safety' as a result of correlation analysis among traits of safety activity, attitude during daily work, and organizational climate (Fig. 1). In addition, it was also supposed that the commitment was influenced by 'good human relationship', 'pride in work', and 'communication between head office and work sites' indirectly according to the result of the same analysis. Thus, it is supposed that ideas to make safety activities adhere to actual work sites and good human relationships are necessary for organization safety as well as for the establishment of the safety management system. The state of the organization and work sites before the safety system and activities are enforced must also be assessed. According to the results, the construction, chemical, and manufacturing industries differed in types of safety systems and activities conducted because the system types and activities to be conducted depended on the type of work or work site. Hence, to diagnose an organization and to provide an appropriate safety system and activities that reflect the diagnosis are important to enforce safety culture from the viewpoint of usability and interface of the safety management system. (authors)

2001-01-01

205

Safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aspects of fission reactors are considered - control, heat removal and containment. Brief descriptions of the reactor accidents at the SL-1 reactor (1961), Windscale (1957), Browns Ferry (1975), Three Mile Island (1979) and Chernobyl (1986) are given. The idea of inherently safe reactor designs is discussed. Safety assessment is considered under the headings of preliminary hazard analysis, failure mode analysis, event trees, fault trees, common mode failure and probabalistic risk assessments. These latter can result in a series of risk distributions linked to specific groups of fault sequences and specific consequences. A frequency-consequence diagram is shown. Fatal accident incidence rates in different countries including the United Kingdom for various industries are quoted. The incidence of fatal cancers from occupational exposure to chemicals is tabulated. Human factors and the acceptability of risk are considered. (U.K.)

1987-01-01

206

Knowledge and attitude of European urology residents about ionizing radiation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the attitude and knowledge of urology residents concerning ionizing radiation, we undertook a survey of European urology residents. METHODS: The questionnaire was sent to 1184 urology residents within the database of the European Society of Residents in Urology (ESRU) by e-mail between November 2011 and January 2012. The questionnaire was composed of demographic questions and questions about the frequency of radiation exposure and use of radiation safety measures during fluoroscopy-guided endourologic procedures. In addition, there were questions about education programs and respondents' knowledge about diagnostic imaging modalities. RESULTS: A total of 124 questionnaires were returned from urology residents in 20 different European countries. All of the respondents reported that they were routinely exposed to ionizing radiation, and 69 (72.5%) were exposed more than 3 times per week. Despite the common but not sufficient use of lead aprons (75%), use of other radiation protection measures was very low. Although 55% of the respondents had attended an education program in Europe about radiation safety, attendance was highest in Poland (82.6%). The level of knowledge about ionizing radiation was low among urology residents, and approximately half of responders had no idea that commonly used imaging modalities have a fatal cancer risk. CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed the lack of knowledge and awareness about the importance of ionizing radiation protection among urology residents in Europe. We therefore suggest radiation safety courses in every step of medical life for doctors, especially for endourologists.

Söylemez H; Sancaktutar AA; Silay MS; Penbegül N; Bozkurt Y; Atar M; Altunoluk B; Bodakci MN; Hatipoglu NK

2013-01-01

207

[Attitudes toward epilepsy in Majorca  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We created a questionnaire in order to evaluate the attitude toward epilepsy among the general population in Majorca Island, Spain. We made 1,164 interviews, divided fifty per cent between city and rural inhabitants. We studied the level of epilepsy knowledge in the population, and we compared the evolution of positive attitude of our study with others from Spain and the USA. We also studied the relationship between the variables considered and the two basic attitudes (integration-positive and stigmatization-negative). These two patterns were suggested to be associated with several trends of the population.

García-Mas A; Rossiñol Far; Tsackos Moratalla A; Roca Bennasar M

1989-07-01

208

Adolescents’ Attitudes toward Ecstasy Using  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Aim: Using illicit drugs such as Ecstasy is a deviant behavior in adolescents. Attitude toward using illicit drugs can predict its usage. This study was carried out in order to determine the adolescents' attitude toward using Ecstasy in 2006. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, eight hundred adolescents aged 16-18 years who lived in the west of Tehran recruited from public regions of municipality. Data was gathered using authors-structured questionnaire. After filling in informed consents, the questionnaires were completed by the respondents. Results: Findings revealed that 78.9 % of the adolescents had negative attitudes and 17.5% had positive attitudes toward using Ecstasy. Boys and girls attitudes were not significantly different. Conclusion: Regarding relatively high negative attitudes among the adolescents toward Ecstasy using, it seems that investments in health promoting programs were appropriate. Nevertheless, along with these programs, parents and teachers should pay more attention to the issue.   Key words: adolescent, attitude, drug abuse, Ecstasy

N Seyedfatemi; F Khoshnavaye Foomani; N Behbahani; F Hoseini

2008-01-01

209

Knowledge, attitudes and decision-making in Czech women with atypical results of prenatal screening tests for the most common chromosomal and morphological congenital defects in the fetus: Selected questionnaire results.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: The primary aim was to investigate variables affecting compliance in pregnant women recommended for genetic consultation for abnormal screening test results, family predisposition or medical history. Our main focus was on a women's knowledge of particular screening tests, their initial feelings and changes in these feeling with time, as well as variables relevant to further decision making. METHODS: We used an anonymous questionnaire based on previous qualitative research. The questions were formulated by a medical geneticist, and the questionnaires were distributed prior to prenatal screening tests performed by doctors or trained nurses. The research cohort consisted of 271 women aged 16-42 years. Six hypotheses were tested using the statistical programme STATISTICA; significance levels were set to P<0.05. RESULTS: The questionnaire results showed insufficient knowledge. The women were confused about invasive, screening and ultrasound tests. Genetic test recommendation was largely associated with stress in these patients. Between recommendation and consultation, the women mostly looked for support from their partners. There was a surprisingly low percentage of women who looked for help from their medical specialists and a surprisingly high percentage of those who did not seek any help at all. CONCLUSION: Women's distress can be reduced if the information about recommended genetic consultation is conveyed correctly and this can also help them make the right informed decision about their future course of action.

Skutilova V

2013-06-01

210

Assessment of safety culture within the radiotherapy department of the Bordeaux University Hospital Centre  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The assessment of the safety culture within a radiotherapy department has been performed by using a Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). It assesses the safety environment, the team cooperation quality, the satisfaction related to professional activity, the approval of management actions, the perception of the work environment quality and of logistic support, and the acknowledgment of the influence of stress on performance. The survey has been performed before and after the support intervention of a hospital audit and expertise mission in relationship with the National cancer Institute (Inca). The comparison of results before and after this support intervention shows a general score improvement for the SAQ. Short communication

2010-01-01

211

Jordanian School Counselors' Knowledge about and Attitudes toward Diabetes Mellitus  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study investigated the knowledge and attitudes of Jordanian school counselors toward diabetes mellitus. A sample of 295 counselors completed a questionnaire consisting of two parts concerning knowledge and attitudes. The face validity of the questionnaire was assessed using an informed panel of judges, and its reliability was established…

Tannous, Adel G.; Khateeb, Jamal M.; Khamra, Hatem A.; Hadidi, Muna S.; Natour, Mayada M.

2012-01-01

212

High School Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate high school students' knowledge and attitudes regarding biotechnology and its various applications. In addition, whether students' knowledge and attitudes differed according to age and gender were also explored. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ) with 16 items and the Biotechnology Attitude…

Ozel, Murat; Erdogan, Mehmet; Usak, Muhammet; Prokop, Pavol

2009-01-01

213

Construction of Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a pamphlet instructing the construction of questionnaires, as the use of questionnaires in business, industry, government, and education has increased steadily in recent years. They are used in many different areas of government operation, includi...

P. A. Duckworth

1973-01-01

214

Variation in Emergency Medical Services Workplace Safety Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Workplace attitude, beliefs and culture may impact the safety of patient care. This study characterized perceptions of safety culture in a nationwide sample of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) agencies. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving 61 Advanced Life Support EMS agencies in North America. We administered a modified version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), a survey instrument measuring dimensions of workplace safety culture (Safety Climate, Teamwork Climate, Perceptions of Management, Job Satisfaction, Working Conditions, and Stress Recognition). We included full-time and part-time paramedics and Emergency Medical Technicians. We determined the variation in safety culture scores across EMS agencies. Using Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM), we determined associations between safety culture scores and individual and EMS agency characteristics. Results We received 1,715 completed surveys from 61 EMS agencies (mean agency response rate 47%; 95% CI 10%, 83%). There was wide variation in safety culture scores across EMS agencies [mean (min, max)]: Safety Climate 74.5 (Min 49.9, Max 89.7), Teamwork Climate 71.2 (Min 45.1, Max 90.1), Perceptions of Management 67.2 (Min 31.1, Max 92.2), Job Satisfaction 75.4 (Min 47.5, Max 93.8), Working Conditions 66.9 (Min 36.6, Max 91.4), Stress Recognition 55.1 (Min 31.3, Max 70.6). Air medical EMS agencies tended to score higher across all safety culture domains. Lower safety culture scores were associated with increased annual patient contacts. Safety climate domain scores were not associated with other individual or EMS agency characteristics. Conclusion In this sample, workplace safety culture varies between EMS agencies.

Patterson, P. Daniel; Huang, David T.; Fairbanks, Rollin J.; Simeone, Scott; Weaver, Matthew; Wang, Henry E.

2010-01-01

215

Attitudes towards genetically modified and organic foods.  

Science.gov (United States)

Finnish students (N=3261) filled out a questionnaire on attitudes towards genetically modified and organic food, plus the rational-experiential inventory, the magical thinking about food and health scale, Schwartz's value survey and the behavioural inhibition scale. In addition, they reported their eating of meat. Structural equation modelling of these measures had greater explanatory power for attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) foods than for attitudes towards organic foods (OF). GM attitudes were best predicted by natural science education and magical food and health beliefs, which mediated the influence of thinking styles. Positive attitudes towards organic food, on the other hand, were more directly related to such individual differences as thinking styles and set of values. The results of the study indicate that OF attitudes are rooted in more fundamental personal attributes than GM attitudes, which are embedded in a more complex but also in a more modifiable network of characteristics. PMID:16546293

Saher, Marieke; Lindeman, Marjaana; Hursti, Ulla-Kaisa Koivisto

2006-03-20

216

Attitudes towards genetically modified and organic foods.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Finnish students (N=3261) filled out a questionnaire on attitudes towards genetically modified and organic food, plus the rational-experiential inventory, the magical thinking about food and health scale, Schwartz's value survey and the behavioural inhibition scale. In addition, they reported their eating of meat. Structural equation modelling of these measures had greater explanatory power for attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) foods than for attitudes towards organic foods (OF). GM attitudes were best predicted by natural science education and magical food and health beliefs, which mediated the influence of thinking styles. Positive attitudes towards organic food, on the other hand, were more directly related to such individual differences as thinking styles and set of values. The results of the study indicate that OF attitudes are rooted in more fundamental personal attributes than GM attitudes, which are embedded in a more complex but also in a more modifiable network of characteristics.

Saher M; Lindeman M; Hursti UK

2006-05-01

217

Black consumer's attitudes towards Advertising  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Questionnaire responses of a group of semi-literate and illiterate Blacks were analysed in order to establish the nature of attitudes towards various aspects of advertising. Feelings on the necessity for advertising, its credibility, effectiveness, impact and the nature of the advertising media were...

A. G. le Roux; W. S. Tladi

218

Attitudes Toward English in Malaysia.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 16-item Likert Scale questionnaire was used to investigate the perceptions and attitudes of Malaysian teachers and students at the university level toward Malaysian English. The functionality of Malaysian English was accepted, but respondents were determined to learn Standard English because they viewed Malaysian English as "wrong English."…

Crismore, Avon; And Others

1996-01-01

219

MALARIA, KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE & PRACTICE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of people about malaria in a semiurban area near Rawalpindi and Islamabad. DESIGN: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study.SETTING: A cross sectional survey was conducted in a semi urban area of model village Humaknear Rawalpindi and Islamabad. METHOD: Universal questionnaire was used to assess theknowledge, attitude and practices about malaria. The head of family (Male or Female) was interviewed bystructured Questionnaire. RESULTS: In 85% of respondents opinion malaria is a dangerous disease and97% were in favor of protective measures against malaria. Regarding the protective measures 56% were infavor of mosquito net. By the use of mosquito net or repellent 98% of respondents attitude was preventionagainst the mosquito bite. 93% respondents answered that they would like to know about details of malariaproblem. Regarding the practices 72% of respondents, family members suffered from malaria during thepast. 70% of respondents, recognized the malaria on their own by recognizing signs and symptoms ofmalaria, and doctor diagnosed 5%. 70% were planning protection from mosquito bite and 5% were doingself-medication. During malaria season 32% were taking Chemoprophylaxis. 66% were planning tosafeguard their family from mosquito bite and 40% were using mosquito nets. 30% of respondents wereusing mosquito repellents when they were going out of home. Those who were using chemical mat 68%were using regularly and 32% were occasional user. CONCLUSION: The study explores that there is needfor more accurate knowledge transmission from media and health workers and effective health educationprograms and energetic malaria control and eradication steps.

Abida Sultana

2001-01-01

220

The relationship of age to nurses' attitudes toward abortion.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

An attitude questionnaire was distributed to 200 nurses to study the relationship of age to nurses' attitudes toward abortion. Of 139 responses, 128 were usable. The data showed that for this sample a combination of age and religion had the greatest influence on attitudes. With the exception of Catholic nurses, nurses 30 years of age and over were found to have attitudes at least as approving as those of nurses under 30.

Berger JM

1979-07-01

 
 
 
 
221

Attitudes associated with behavioral predictors of serious road traffic crashes: results from the GAZEL cohort.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that behavioral predictors of serious road traffic crashes (RTC) are correlated with unfavorable attitudes towards traffic safety. DESIGN: Prospective and cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: France PARTICIPANTS: 13,447 of the 19,894 living members of the GAZEL cohort, workers and recent retirees of a French national utility company followed up since 1989. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Driving behavior and attitudes towards traffic safety in 2001 by questionnaire. Serious RTCs were recorded over the subsequent 3 years using the cohort annual questionnaire. Behavioral predictors of serious RTCs were assessed using generalized linear Poisson regression models with time-dependent covariates. Factor scores extracted from the first four attitudinal factors of principal component analysis were saved and then regressed on behavioral predictors as independent variables. RESULTS: After controlling for potential confounders, the best predictors of serious RTCs were: "exceeding speed limits on rural roads", "risky use of cellular phone", and "sleepy driving". The adjusted rate ratio ranged from 1.47 to 2.16. Predictors of contravention of the highway code (the first two predictors) were found to be strongly associated with negative attitudes towards "enforcement" and "speed limitations" with an adjusted odds ratio ranging from 1.31 to 2.02. CONCLUSION: Our study supports the view that individuals with a high propensity for driving behaviors associated with an increased risk of RTCs were more likely to have negative attitudes towards traffic safety. Changing drivers' negative or distorted opinions of traffic "enforcement" as well as "speed limitations" and "alcohol prohibition on roads" could improve their compliance with road traffic rules.

Nabi H; Rachid Salmi L; Lafont S; Chiron M; Zins M; Lagarde E

2007-02-01

222

Patient safety culture lives in departments and wards: Multilevel partitioning of variance in patient safety culture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Aim of study was to document 1) that patient safety culture scores vary considerably by hospital department and ward, and 2) that much of the variation is across the lowest level organizational units: the wards. Setting of study: 500-bed Norwegian university hospital, September-December 2006. Methods Data collected from 1400 staff by (the Norwegian version of) the generic version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ Short Form 2006). Multilevel analysis by MLwiN version 1.10. Results Considerable parts of the score variations were at the ward and department levels. More organization level variation was seen at the ward level than at the department level. Conclusions Patient safety culture improvement efforts should not be limited to all-hospital interventions or interventions aimed at entire departments, but include involvement at the ward level, selectively aimed at low-scoring wards. Patient safety culture should be studied as closely to the patient as possible. There may be such a thing as "hospital safety culture" and the variance across hospital departments indicates the existence of department safety cultures. However, neglecting the study of patient safety culture at the ward level will mask important local variations. Safety culture research and improvement should not stop at the lowest formal level of the hospital (wards, out-patient clinics, ERs), but proceed to collect and analyze data on the micro-units within them.

Deilkås Ellen; Hofoss Dag

2010-01-01

223

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Turkish intern nurses regarding physical restraints.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to determine knowledge, attitudes, and practices of intern nurses who completed the nursing internship program on the use of physical restraints. DESIGN: This research was conducted using descriptive and cross-sectional research design. METHODS: The study sample comprises 91 fourth-grade students who took an integrated curriculum and completed the nursing internship program. The data were collected with the Demographic Characteristics Questionnaire and the Levels of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Staff Regarding Physical Restraints Questionnaire. For the assessment of the data, percentages, the arithmetic mean, and t test were used. RESULTS: The findings indicated that, of the intern nurses, 95.6% observed the use of physical restraints during their education, and 69.2% applied physical restraints. The mean knowledge, attitude, and practice scores of the nurses for physical restraint were 9.38 ± 1.19 (0-11 points), 34.70 ± 5.62 (12-48 points), and 37.95 ± 2.32 (14-42 points), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Intern nurses' knowledge about how to use physical restraints was at a very good level; they displayed positive attitudes, and they used their knowledge and attitudes in their practices to a great extent. IMPLICATIONS: Although there are studies on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of nurses working in the fields of elderly care, rehabilitation, and psychiatry in acute care units, there are no studies investigating intern nurses and other nursing students. However, intern nurses about to begin their careers should make accurate decisions regarding the use of physical restrains if they are to ensure patient safety and to fulfill this application effectively in their professional lives.

Karagozoglu S; Ozden D; Yildiz FT

2013-09-01

224

Factors Associated With Attitudes Toward Suicide.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Background: Pharmacists could play a significant role in providing care for suicidal individuals. Previous studies reported that gatekeeper attitudes toward suicide could affect caregiving behaviors toward people at risk for suicide. Nevertheless, only few studies have examined the attitudes of pharmacists toward suicide. Aims: This study explores the factors associated with the attitudes of pharmacists toward suicide. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire and written explanation of the study were mailed to 541 pharmacists who had registered for the Board Certified Psychiatry Pharmacy Specialist Seminar in Tokyo, Japan. A Japanese version of the Attitudes Toward Suicide questionnaire was used to assess participant attitudes toward suicide. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to assess relationships between participant attitudes toward suicide as well as demographics, occupational, and personal factors. Results: Participants who had previously received suicide-related education were more likely to have positive attitudes toward suicide prevention. Conversely, those with a lifetime history of suicidal thoughts had more permissive attitudes toward one's right to commit suicide. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that pharmacist suicide prevention training programs should aim to alter permissiveness attitudes of trainees toward suicide.

Kodaka M; Inagaki M; Yamada M

2013-07-01

225

Safety Climate in a Steel-Manufacturing Plant  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: Safety climate is a psychological phenomenon and a sub-component of safety culture, which is usually reflected in the shared workforce's perceptions about the state of safety at any particular time. It can provide an indication of the priority of safety in an organization with regard to other priorities such as production or quality. The objective of this study was to assess the safety climate profile in a steel manufacturing plant in Iran and using the results to improve the level of safety. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the UK Loughborough University Safety Climate Assessment Toolkit was used to assess the safety climate in a steel-manufacturing industry in Iran. Information was collected through interviews and questionnaires, focus group discussions, and direct observations in the filed. Safety climate scores were calculated in 17 themes.Results: A graphic representation of the safety climate scores obtained showed that safety climate in the company is at the medium level (4.80 ± 2). The highest and lowest scores were for dimensions of personal priority and need for safety (8.6± 0.8) and accidents and incidents (1±0.00). A non-significant correlation was found between worker's education and work experience on the one hand and their attitude towards safety on the other hand (p>0.05). Both management commitment and personal priority were associated with the workers' age (p= 0.03 and 0.02, respectively), while work environment was associated only with employment status (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Safety climate assessment can be a proactive safety performance indicator used to improve the level of safety in an organisation.

Adl J; Jahangiri M; Rismanchian M; Mary Oriad H; Karimi A; Ghaderi M.R.

2011-01-01

226

Sports and Recreation Safety  

Science.gov (United States)

... of Parents' Attitudes and Self-Reported Behaviors Concerning Sports Safety (2011) This Safe Kids Worldwide national survey ... at how and what parents believe about children’s sports-related injuries, and where the knowledge gap is. ...

227

Agent-based organizational modelling for analysis of safety culture at an air navigation service provider  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Assessment of safety culture is done predominantly by questionnaire-based studies, which tend to reveal attitudes on immaterial characteristics (values, beliefs, norms). There is a need for a better understanding of the implications of the material aspects of an organization (structures, processes, etc.) for safety culture and their interactions with the immaterial characteristics. This paper presents a new agent-based organizational modelling approach for integrated and systematic evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations in safety culture analysis. It uniquely considers both the formal organization and the value- and belief-driven behaviour of individuals in the organization. Results are presented of a model for safety occurrence reporting at an air navigation service provider. Model predictions consistent with questionnaire-based results are achieved. A sensitivity analysis provides insight in organizational factors that strongly influence safety culture indicators. The modelling approach can be used in combination with attitude-focused safety culture research, towards an integrated evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations. By using this approach an organization is able to gain a deeper understanding of causes of diverse problems and inefficiencies both in the formal organization and in the behaviour of organizational agents, and to systematically identify and evaluate improvement options.

2011-01-01

228

Proposal for a questionnaire to assess risk perception concerning a radioactive waste repository; Proposta de um questionario destinado a avaliar a percepcao de risco relativa a um repositorio de rejeitos radioativos  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One of the key features for public acceptance of nuclear energy is the belief that radioactive waste can be managed safely, in order to protect human beings from its possible harmful effects in present and future generations. In this sense, it is essential to understand how people perceive the risk associated with radioactive waste and which the main factors driving their attitudes toward its disposal are. One of the ways to achieve this understanding is through opinion polls. In this study, a questionnaire focused on the nuclear energy acceptability issue and its association with radioactive waste management was proposed, covering the following aspects: attitudes towards radioactive waste and nuclear power, credibility on institutions and sectors responsible by the nuclear safety, identification of perceived benefits, risk perception of specific technologies and activities, perception of real risk, emotional reaction comprehension and precautionary principle. Results obtained from a pilot questionnaire application are presented and discussed in this paper. (author)

Tanimoto, Katia Suemi

2011-07-01

229

Measuring enterprise proactiveness in managing occupational safety  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of this paper is to communicate results, and lessons learned, from developing and applying a national questionnaire based survey for measuring the initiation of occupational safety activities in Danish enterprises and public institutions1. The survey is cross-sectional and it is part of the general working environment surveillance system in Denmark. The current survey has a response rate of app. 76% (N=6423) at enterprise level. An investigation of the validity of measurements obtained with three different indices has been carried out. The survey shows that through a 5 year period there has been a statistically significant improvement in the use of work place assessments (WPA) among private enterprises and public institutions. A further result is that the smallest companies obtained the lowest score on the knowledge and proactivity indices, while they obtained the highest score on the safety attitude index.

SØnderstrup-Andersen, Hans H. K.; FlØcke, Thomas

2010-01-01

230

Consumer attitude toward food irradiation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Consumer attitudes toward food irradiation were evaluated. The influence of educational efforts on consumer concern for the safety of irradiated products and willingness to buy irradiated foods were measured. Demographic and psychological factors were studied in relation to attitudes. An educational leaflet describing current scientific information regarding the safety, advantages, and disadvantages of food irradiation was developed and used in two studies evaluating attitude change. In the first study, attitude change among two groups of consumers with different philosophic orientations was measured. In a second study, the effectiveness of an educational leaflet received through the mail and a poster display were examined. In a third study response to food irradiation was related to value hierarchy, locus of control, innovativeness, and demographic parameters. Initially, subjects showed a higher concern for other areas of food safety, particularly the use of chemicals and sprays on food, than toward food irradiation. After educational efforts, conventional consumers expressed minor concern toward irradiation whereas ecologically sensitive alternative consumers obtained from a food cooperative expressed major concern. A knowledgeable discussion leader lowered irradiation concern among conventional consumers. In contrast, concern among alternative consumers did not diminish when given the opportunity to discuss safety issues with a knowledgeable person.

Bruhn, C.M.M.

1986-01-01

231

[Beauticians' eating attitudes and body attitudes].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Some professional groups (models, actresses, ballet dancers, jockeys and athletes) are considered as risk populations for eating disorders and body image disorders. Beauticians may be a possible risk group, as their work is closely related to beauty and fashion. MEASURES: Eating disorders were assessed using the Eating Attitudes Test and the Eating Behaviour Severity Scale, body image measures included the Human Figure Drawings Test, the Body Dissatisfaction Subscale of the Eating Disorders Inventory, the Body Attitudes Test, and the Body Investment Scale. RESULTS: Questionnaire data of 276 subjects were analysed. The study sample comprised 128 beauticians from Transylvania (5 males, 123 females). This group was compared with a control group consisting of 148 subjects (25 males, 123 females). Such weight reducing methods as dieting, exercise, the use of appetite suppressants and diuretics were significantly more prevalent in the beautician group. Mean total score and the scores of the Dieting subscale of the Eating Disorders Inventory were significantly (p < 0.02) higher in the beautician group in comparison with the control group. The prevalence of clinical and subclinical eating disorders (2.4% subclinical bulimia nervosa and 1.6% subclinical anorexia nervosa) was significantly higher in the beautician group. Beauticians invest significantly (p < 0.0001) more money and time for body care. CONCLUSION: The above results suggest that working in the beauty industry may represent an increased risk of developing eating disorders.

Lukács-Márton R; Szabó P

2013-01-01

232

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

233

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

234

The Relationship of Science Knowledge, Attitude and Decision Making on Socio-scientific Issues: The Case Study of Students' Debates on a Nuclear Power Plant in Korea  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of students' understanding of science knowledge, attitude and decision making on socio-scientific issues (SSI), especially on the issues of nuclear energy in Korea. SSI-focused instructions were developed to encourage students to understand and reflect on knowledge, attitude and decision making on nuclear energy in the current society. Eighty-nine students attended the instruction and participated in pre and post questionnaires to understand their understandings of nuclear energy. In this study, science knowledge was categorized into content and contextual knowledge, attitude consisted of images, safety, risk, potential, benefits and future roles, and decision making section included preference and alternative about lifetime extension of nuclear power plant. The results of questionnaires were analyzed by correlation, cross-tabulation and regression. As a result, while students' understandings of science knowledge were significantly improved throughout the instruction, they maintained similar attitude and decision making on the issue. Regarding the relationship of the three domains, attitude showed some degree of connection to decision making whereas science knowledge did not show a significant relationship to decision making. This finding challenges SSI teaching in content-based science curriculum and classroom. Reflection and implications on the way of teaching SSI in the classroom were discussed further in this paper.

Jho, Hunkoog; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung; Kim, Mijung

2013-09-01

235

Some feelings are more important: cognitive attitudes, affective attitudes, anticipated affect, and blood donation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The present research assessed the simultaneous effects of four attitude variables (cognitive attitudes, affective attitudes, anticipated negative affective reactions, and anticipated positive affective reactions) in the context of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on blood-donation intentions and behavior. METHODS: Experienced blood donors (N = 1108) completed questionnaires measuring attitude variables plus components of the TPB and a measure of attitudinal ambivalence in relation to giving blood again in the next six months. Records were used to assess whether participants subsequently donated blood again in the six months after completing the questionnaire. The main outcome measures were objectively assessed blood donation and intentions to make an additional donation of blood. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis supported a distinction between cognitive attitudes about giving blood, affective attitudes about giving blood, anticipated negative affective reactions about not giving blood, and anticipated positive affective reactions about giving blood. Multiple regression analyses indicated that perceived behavioral control, anticipated negative affective reactions, cognitive attitude, anticipated positive affective reactions and subjective norms were significant simultaneous predictors of intentions to donate blood. Logistic regression analyses indicated that intentions, perceived behavioral control, and anticipated positive affective reactions were significant, simultaneous predictors of blood donation. Attitudinal ambivalence significantly moderated the effects of cognitive attitudes on intentions, and the effects of anticipated negative affective reactions on both intentions and donation behavior. CONCLUSION: The findings point to the value of considering different types of attitudes, and anticipated negative affective reaction in particular, for predicting health behaviors.

Conner M; Godin G; Sheeran P; Germain M

2013-03-01

236

Attitudes among healthcare professionals to the reporting of adverse drug reactions in Nepal.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Healthcare professional's knowledge and attitudes to adverse drug reaction (ADR) and ADR reporting play vital role to report any cases of ADR. Positive attitudes may favour ADR reporting by healthcare professionals. This study was aimed to investigate the attitudes towards and ways to improve adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting among healthcare professionals working at four Regional Pharmacovigilance Centres (RPCs) of Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional study was done by survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to 450 healthcare professionals working at four RPCs. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 74.0%. There were 74.8% of healthcare professionals who had seen patient experiencing an ADR; however, only 20.1% had reported. Reporting form not available (48.1%) and other colleagues not reporting ADR cases (46.9%) would significantly discourage the ADR reporting among healthcare professionals working at four RPCs. Healthcare professionals perceived that seriousness of the reaction (75.6%); unusual reaction (64.6%); reaction to new product (71.2%); new reaction to existing product (70.2%); and confidence in diagnosis of ADR (60.8%) were important factors on the decision to report ADR. Awareness among healthcare professionals (85.9%), training (76.0%), collaboration (67.0%), and involve pharmacist for ADR reporting (63.1%) were mostly recognized ways to improve reporting. Regular newsletter on current awareness in drug safety (71.2%), information on new ADR (65.8%), and international drug safety information (64.0%) were the identified feedbacks they would like to receive from the Nepal pharmacovigilance programme. CONCLUSION: Healthcare professionals working at four RPCs of Nepal have positive attitudes towards ADR reporting. Awareness among healthcare professionals, training and collaboration would likely improve reporting provided they would receive appropriate feedback from the national pharamcovigilance programme.

Santosh KC; Tragulpiankit P; Gorsanan S; Edwards IR

2013-01-01

237

Models of complex attitude systems  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Existing research on public attitudes towards agricultural production systems is largely descriptive, abstracting from the processes through which members of the general public generate their evaluations of such systems. The present paper adopts a systems perspective on such evaluations, understanding them as embedded into a wider attitude system that consists of attitudes towards objects of different abstraction levels, ranging from personal value orientations over general socio-political attitudes to evaluations of specific characteristics of agricultural production systems. It is assumed that evaluative affect propagates through the system in such a way that the system becomes evaluatively consistent and operates as a schema for the generation of evaluative judgments. In the empirical part of the paper, the causal structure of an attitude system from which people derive their evaluations of pork production systems was modelled. The analysis was based on data from a cross-cultural survey involving 1931 participants from Belgium, Denmark, Germany and Poland. The survey questionnaire contained measures of personal value orientations and attitudes towards environment and nature, industrial food production, food and the environment, technological progress, animal welfare, local employment and the local economy. In addition, the survey included a conjoint task by which participants’ evaluations of the importance of production system attributes were measured. The data were analysed by means of causal search algorithms and structural equation models. The results suggest that evaluative judgments of the importance of production system attributes are generated in a schematic manner, driven by personal value orientations. The effect of personal value orientations was strong and largely unmediated by attitudes of an intermediate level of generality, suggesting that the dependent variables in the particular attitude system that was modelled here can be understood as value judgments in a literal sense.

SØrensen, Bjarne Taulo

2011-01-01

238

Attitudes toward suicide prevention in front-line health staff.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire assessing attitudes toward suicide prevention was constructed and shown to have satisfactory reliability and internal consistency. The determinants and distribution of these attitudes were investigated in four groups of health professionals who are in contact with suicidal patients: general practitioners, accident and emergency nurses, psychiatrists in training, and community psychiatric nurses. Attitudes toward suicide prevention were shown to differ significantly between professional groups. More positive attitudes were associated with mental health professionals, working in the community, and previous training in suicide risk assessment. Negative attitudes should be assessed and targeted in training designed to improve the management of suicide risk. PMID:11577918

Herron, J; Ticehurst, H; Appleby, L; Perry, A; Cordingley, L

2001-01-01

239

Fuzzy measure of secondary students’ attitude towards Mathematics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we proposed a fuzzy concept for measuring Likert type scale to measure students’ attitude towards mathematics with an example of small sample. Students’ attitude towards mathematics has been a factor that is known to influence students’ achievement in mathematics. The purpose of this study is to find out the students attitude towards mathematics in a selected school of Midnapore (Rural). A total of 20 secondary students were administered with a questionnaire to find out their attitudes towards mathematics. The students answered questions regarding their personal confidence to mathematics and perceived usefulness of mathematics. The results show that the students’ positive attitude towards mathematics is medium.

Bhowmik, Monoranjan; Banerjee, Bharati

2013-01-01

240

Nuclear power attitude trends  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The increasing vulnerability of nuclear power to political pressures fueled by public concerns, particularly about nuclear plant safety and radioactive waste disposal, has become obvious. Since Eisenhower's Atoms-for-Peace program, utility and government plans have centered on expansion of nuclear power generating capability. While supporters have outnumbered opponents of nuclear power expansion for many years, in the wake of the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident the margin of support has narrowed. The purpose of this paper is to report and put in perspective these long-term attitude trends

1981-12-04

 
 
 
 
241

Nuclear power attitude trends  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The increasing vulnerability of nuclear power to political pressures fueled by public concerns, particularly about nuclear plant safety and radioactive waste disposal, has become obvious. Since Eisenhower's Atoms-for-Peace program, utility and government plans have centered on expansion of nuclear power generating capability. While supporters have outnumbered opponents of nuclear power expansion for many years, in the wake of the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident the margin of support has narrowed. The purpose of this paper is to report and put in perspective these long-term attitude trends.

Nealey, S.M.

1981-11-01

242

Knowledge, attitudes and practice of nurse regarding adverse drug reaction reporting  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADR) are ranked as some of the major causes of patient morbidity and mortality. Spontaneous reporting of ADRs has remained the cornerstone of pharmacovigilance and is important in maintaining patient safety. This study was conducted to assess the nurses’ knowledge and attitude towards pharmacovigilance, reasons for not reporting ADRs, and their pharmacovigilance practice. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire was prepared to investigate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of nurses regarding ADR reporting. In November 2009, the questionnaires were given to 500 nurses of a teaching hospital in Tehran. Findings: Knowledge and practice of participants were not satisfying; however, their attitude towards pharmacovigilance was at a high level. About 91% of the nurses had never reported an ADR. Most nurses liked to report the ADRs to the physicians (87.1%) and pharmacists in hospital's ADR center (1.8%) rather than the ADR National Center. The main cause of under-reporting of the suspected ADRs was unawareness about the existence of such a national center. Among nurses who had reported ADR for at least once, the majority preferred using phone (10 out of 50) or Yellow Cards (7 out of 50). Only 1 person out of 50 preferred using internet for submitting the reports Conclusions: Since the nurses in this study had little knowledge and poor practice regarding the pharmacovigilance and spontaneous reporting system, interventions such as holding pharmacovigilance workshops in the hospitals focusing on the aims of pharmacovigilance, completing the Yellow Card and clarifying the reporting criteria are strongly recommended.

Hanafi, Somayeh; Torkamandi, Hassan; Hayatshahi, Alireza; Gholami, Kheirollah; Javadi, Mohammadreza

2012-01-01

243

Community leaders' attitudes toward family planning.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Four separate samples of lawyers, businessmen, ministers, and physicians were requested to complete four separate non-overlapping attitude questionnaires in an effort to assess their attitudes toward sterilization, individual responsibility for contraception, family size, social responsibility, overpopulation, and contraception in the lower class. The data indicated that the four professional groups differed in their attitudes and those differences provided the impetus for suggestions focused on developing and maintaining a positive relationship between the influential members of the community and the family planning clinic.

Cole SG

1976-07-01

244

Knowledge, attitudes, and practice of doctors to adverse drug reaction reporting in a teaching hospital in India: An observational study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Underreporting of spontaneous adverse drug reaction (ADR) is a threat to pharmacovigilance. Various factors related with the knowledge and attitudes are responsible for underreporting of ADRs. AIMS: The study was aimed at investigating the knowledge and attitudes of doctors to ADR reporting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. One hundred and eight questionnaires were administered to doctors working in a teaching hospital with an ADR monitoring center. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: The descriptive statistics were used for responses to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes toward ADR reporting. Pearson's Chi-square test was used to observe the association of knowledge and attitude with experience and position. RESULTS: The response rate was 62.9%. Spontaneous reporting rate was found to be 19.1%. The major factors found to be responsible for underreporting of ADR include inadequate risk perception about newly marketed drugs (77.9%), fear factor (73.5%), diffidence (67.7%), lack of clarity of information on ADR form about reporting (52.9%), lethargy (42.7%), insufficient training to identify ADRs (41.2%), lack of awareness about existence of pharmacovigilance program (30.9%) and ADR monitoring center in the institute (19.1%), and inadequate risk perception of over-the-counter (OTC) product (20.6%) and herbal medicines (13.2%). Experience and position did not influence the knowledge and attitudes of doctors. CONCLUSION: The deficiencies in knowledge and attitudes require urgent attention not only to improve the rate of spontaneous reporting, but also for enhanced safety of the patients and society at large.

Khan SA; Goyal C; Chandel N; Rafi M

2013-01-01

245

Social Attitudes among Hispanic and Mainstream Navy Recruits.  

Science.gov (United States)

Eighty Hispanic and 80 Mainstream Navy recruits responded to a 78 item questionnaire measuring attitudes toward a broad sample of social issues. Several factor analyses were carried out and revealed that only one factor (Religiosity) had the same meaning ...

H. C. Triandis V. Ottati G. Marin

1982-01-01

246

Implementation of the safety culture for HANARO safety management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Safety is the fundamental principal upon which a management system is based. The IAEA INSAG(International Nuclear Safety Group) states the general aims of a safety management system. One of which is to foster and support a strong safety culture through the development and reinforcement of good safety attitudes and behavior in individuals and teams, so as to allow them to carry out their tasks safety. The safety culture activities have been implemented and the importance of a safety management in nuclear activities for a reactor application and utilization has also been emphasized for more than 10 years in HANARO which is a 30 MW multi purpose research reactor that achieved its first criticality in February 1995. The safety culture activities and implementation have been conducted continuously to enhance its safe operation such as the seminars and lectures related to safety matters, participation in international workshops and the development of safety culture indicators, a survey on the attitude of HANARO staff toward the safety culture indicators, a survey on the attitude of HANARO staff toward the safety culture, the development of operational safety performance indicators (SPIs), the preparation of a safety text book and the development of an e Learning program for a safety education purpose

2008-01-01

247

CNE article: safety culture in Australian intensive care units: establishing a baseline for quality improvement.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Workplace safety culture is a crucial ingredient in patients' outcomes and is increasingly being explored as a guide for quality improvement efforts. OBJECTIVES: To establish a baseline understanding of the safety culture in Australian intensive care units. METHODS: In a nationwide study of physicians and nurses in 10 Australian intensive care units, the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire intensive care unit version was used to measure safety culture. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the mean scores for the 6 subscales of the questionnaire, and generalized-estimation-equations models were used to test the hypotheses that safety culture differed between physicians and nurses and between nurse leaders and bedside nurses. RESULTS: A total of 672 responses (50.6% response rate) were received: 513 (76.3%) from nurses, 89 (13.2%) from physicians, and 70 (10.4%) from respondents who did not specify their professional group. Ratings were highest for teamwork climate and lowest for perceptions of hospital management and working conditions. Four subscales, job satisfaction, teamwork climate, safety climate, and working conditions, were rated significantly higher by physicians than by nurses. Two subscales, working conditions and perceptions of hospital management, were rated significantly lower by nurse leaders than by bedside nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Measuring the baseline safety culture of an intensive care unit allows leaders to implement targeted strategies to improve specific dimensions of safety culture. These strategies ultimately may improve the working conditions of staff and the care that patients receive.

Chaboyer W; Chamberlain D; Hewson-Conroy K; Grealy B; Elderkin T; Brittin M; McCutcheon C; Longbottom P; Thalib L

2013-03-01

248

Consumers? Knowledge Related To Food Products And Their Attitudes To Health Risks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes related to food purchase among individuals who apply to a primary health care center in Umraniye, Istanbul. In this descriptive study, data was collected through face to face interviews from 167 individuals who had applied to a primary health care center. The questionnaire form included sociodemographic variables as well as a group of questions that determine knowledge and attitudes related to food purchasing, consuming and food poisoning. Besides descriptive statistics, factor analysis was used in order to determine the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. The mean age of the 167 participants was 32.4±11.0. Among all 81.4% were female. The attack rate of food poisoning within the last one year was determined as 3.3%. Only 18.6% of the participants reported that they knew the organizations which monitor the safety of food products. The most approved attitude among the participants was the concern related to the durability of the package of the food products (92.8%). The attitude of returning the spoiled food back was 83.2%. Among all, 52.1% of the participants approved the attitude of reading food labels. 39.6% of the participants did not consider the expiry dates while 28.8% did not consider the mineral contents of the products. Factor analyses revealed eight factors for explaining the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. There is lack of knowledge concerning the selection of the appropriate food product for healthy nutrition. Reading product labels was not frequent during food purchase and so should be considered as an intervention area for health education. The consumers should get to know and access the organizations which monitor and control the safety of food products. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(4): 253-258

Ahmet Topuzoglu; Seyhan Hidiroglu; Pinar Ay; Fatih Onsuz; Hatice Ikiisik

2007-01-01

249

Consumers? Knowledge Related To Food Products And Their Attitudes To Health Risks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes related to food purchase among individuals who apply to a primary health care center in Umraniye, Istanbul. In this descriptive study, data was collected through face to face interviews from 167 individuals who had applied to a primary health care center. The questionnaire form included sociodemographic variables as well as a group of questions that determine knowledge and attitudes related to food purchasing, consuming and food poisoning. Besides descriptive statistics, factor analysis was used in order to determine the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. The mean age of the 167 participants was 32.4±11.0. Among all 81.4% were female. The attack rate of food poisoning within the last one year was determined as 3.3%. Only 18.6% of the participants reported that they knew the organizations which monitor the safety of food products. The most approved attitude among the participants was the concern related to the durability of the package of the food products (92.8%). The attitude of returning the spoiled food back was 83.2%. Among all, 52.1% of the participants approved the attitude of reading food labels. 39.6% of the participants did not consider the expiry dates while 28.8% did not consider the mineral contents of the products. Factor analyses revealed eight factors for explaining the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. There is lack of knowledge concerning the selection of the appropriate food product for healthy nutrition. Reading product labels was not frequent during food purchase and so should be considered as an intervention area for health education. The consumers should get to know and access the organizations which monitor and control the safety of food products. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(4.000): 253-258

Ahmet Topuzoglu; Seyhan Hidiroglu; Pinar Ay; Fatih Onsuz; Hatice Ikiisik

2007-01-01

250

Knowledge and attitudes on pandemic and seasonal influenza vaccination among Slovenian physicians and dentists.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to determine vaccination coverage among Slovenian physicians and dentists and assess their knowledge and attitudes regarding the pandemic and seasonal influenza vaccine. METHODS: In February 2010, an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was developed and sent to all practising physicians and dentists in Slovenia. RESULTS: Out of 7092 physicians/dentists, 1718 (24%) completed the questionnaire and 41.7% of the respondents were vaccinated against pandemic and seasonal influenza, while 58.3% of the study participants decided not to adhere to the recommendation: 15.6% received the pandemic vaccine only, 10.1% the seasonal vaccine only and 32.4% were not vaccinated at all. Acceptance of the pandemic and seasonal influenza vaccine was determined by higher age, being an internal medical trainee or specialist, working in a hospital, performing any kind of vaccination and having a chronic disease. Unvaccinated participants were more often working in out-patient clinics, were without a specialty, were dentists and were not performing any vaccinations. Those who declined vaccination believed that they did not need to be vaccinated, had safety concerns and were afraid of side effects. Physicians/dentists vaccinated against pandemic and seasonal influenza had better knowledge and a more positive attitude towards the issue compared with their non-vaccinated colleagues. CONCLUSIONS: Education on the efficacy and safety of vaccines should be one of the priority public health measures taken to improve knowledge and eliminate misconceptions and attitudinal barriers regarding immunization in physicians and dentists.

So?an M; Er?ulj V; Lajovic J

2013-02-01

251

Safety Culture Indicators in HANARO  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The most important aim of a management system for nuclear facilities is to improve their safety performance and to foster a strong safety culture. The personnel in HANARO not only the regular employees but also the irregular persons should fully understand the importance of a nuclear safety culture. The purpose of the development of HANARO's safety culture indicators is to evaluate and enhance the safety culture in HANARO Center. The indicators has been developed based on IAEA's documents, 'Safety Series No.75-INSAG-4, Safety Culture, 1991', 'TECDOC-860, ASCOT Guideline, 1996' and the safety culture indicators for Korea nuclear power plants prepared by KINS(Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety). It is the first time to try to develop a safety culture indicators for the research reactor. The results will be used to develop a survey for evaluating the level of the safety culture attitude in HANARO Center. A survey is helpful to understand the safety attitudes of the employees and to set the safety culture activities necessary for the improvement of the safe operation. HANARO will continuously pursue the good practice of the safety attitude based on the safety culture indicators to enhance its safety.

Wu, Jong Sup; Lee, Kee Hong

2007-07-15

252

Patient safety culture among medical students in Singapore and Hong Kong.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Undergraduate education in medical schools plays an important role in promoting patient safety. Medical students from different backgrounds may have different perceptions and attitudes toward issues concerning safety. This study aimed to investigate whether patient safety cultures differed between students from two Asian countries, and if they did, to find out how they differed. This study also aimed to identify the educational needs of these students. METHODS: A voluntary, cross-sectional and self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted on 259 students from two medical schools - one in Hong Kong and the other in Singapore. None of the students had received any formal teaching on patient safety. We used a validated survey instrument, the Attitudes to Patient Safety Questionnaire III (APSQ-III), which was designed specifically for students and covered nine key factors of patient safety culture. RESULTS: Of the 259 students, 81 (31.3%) were from Hong Kong and 178 (68.7%) were from Singapore. The overall response rate was 66.4%. Significant differences between the two groups of students were found for two key factors - 'patient safety training', with Hong Kong students being more likely to report having received more of such training (p = 0.007); and 'error reporting confidence', which Singapore students reported having less of (p < 0.001). Both groups considered medical errors as inevitable, and that long working hours and professional incompetence were important causes of medical errors. The importance of patient involvement and team functioning were ranked relatively lower by the students. CONCLUSION: Students from different countries with no prior teaching on patient safety may differ in their baseline patient safety cultures and educational needs. Our findings serve as a reference for future longitudinal studies on the effects of different teaching and healthcare development programmes.

Leung GK; Ang SB; Lau TC; Neo HJ; Patil NG; Ti LK

2013-09-01

253

Student Attitudes to Whole Body Donation Are Influenced by Dissection  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the important role that anatomical dissection plays in the shaping of medical student attitudes to life and death, these attitudes have not been evaluated in the context of whole body donation for medical science. First year students of anatomy in an Irish university medical school were surveyed by questionnaire before and after the initial…

Cahill, Kevin C.; Ettarh, Raj R.

2008-01-01

254

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SET...

Laffoy, M.; Fitzpatrick, P.; Jordan, M.; Dowdall, D.

255

Estonian and Russian Parental Attitudes to Childrearing and Play.  

Science.gov (United States)

Used Neukater and van der Kooji's parental attitude questionnaire to ask three groups of mothers (Estonian, non-Estonian in Estonia, Russians in Moscow) about their attitudes toward children's education and play. Found that Estonian mothers applied least control and that higher mother education resulted in less child control and instruction. (DLH)

Saar, Aino; Niglas, Katrin

2001-01-01

256

[Questionnaires in sexual medicine].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Screening, diagnosis and assessment of the management of male and female sexual dysfunctions have been greatly improved by the scientific development of self-administered questionnaires. Their use became the rule in clinical trials and epidemiological surveys. Nevertheless, their routine use has not yet become part of daily urological practice. Even if these tools replace neither the patient interview and medical history and the psychological and social context of the sexual behavior, nor clinical examination, they are of great assistance for determining management and are also highly reliable. METHODS: Medical literature was reviewed and combined with expert opinion of the author. RESULTS: We present here several questionnaires which have been validated in their French version with the methodology for the calculation of the scores. The International Index of Erectile Function (15 items) and two abbreviated versions, the Erectile Function domain (six items) and the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (five questions) are mainly of use for patients with erectile dysfunction. They provide a robust classification of the severity of the condition. The Premature Ejaculation Profile (four questions) is used for patients with premature ejaculation. It describes premature ejaculation with the following criteria: time to ejaculation, control over ejaculation, the level of distress. The Male Health Sexual Questionnaire (25 questions) provides with a wider and more comprehensive approach to male sexuality of male sexuality including: erection, ejaculation, desire and satisfaction. This questionnaire is particularly useful to investigate ejaculatory disorders. Lastly, the Female Sexual Function Index (19 questions) is the tool of choice for female sexuality with questions regarding desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain. CONCLUSION: Validated, user-friendly questionnaires are available in French language for the diagnosis and the follow-up of sexual dysfunctions in both men and women.

Giuliano F

2013-07-01

257

Greek Nurses Attitudes towards Death  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Several studies explore the attitudes of nurses caring for dying patients but this is the first oneexploring Greek nurses’ attitude toward death.Purpose/Objectives: To assess how Greek nurses feel about death and examine any relationships between theirattitudes and demographic factors.Design: Descriptive quantitative. The sample comprised of 150 hospital nurses (response rate 64%).Method: Voluntary and anonymous completion of the Death Attitude Profile–Revised (DAP-R), and ademographic questionnaire. The Death Attitude Profile–Revised (DAP-R) (Wong, Reker, & Gesser, 1994) is a32-item scale that uses a seven-point Likert scale to measure respondents' attitudes toward death. Demographicdata, including gender, age, previous experience working with terminally ill patients, work setting (inpatientversus outpatient), years practising as an RN were collected. No identifying information was collected from theparticipants, ensuring the results were anonymous.Results: 82% of respondents were female with a mean age of 35.54 years (19 min 48 max). The mean nursingexperience was 12.1 years. Average scores on the DAP-R sub-scales ranged from 2.90 (escape sub-scale) to 5.63(neutral sub-scale). Statistically significant relationships were noted among gender, and scores on the DAP-R.Nursing experience and age were the variables most likely to predict nurses' attitudes toward death. Nurses withspecific education on palliative care had less difficulty talking about death and dying. The existence ofHospital-based teams (known as palliative care teams, supportive care teams, or symptom assessment teams) hadstatistically significant relationship with fear of death and neutral acceptance scoresConclusions: In Greek hospitals nurses with more work experience tended to have more positive attitudes towarddeath and caring for dying patients.

Malliarou Maria; Sarafis Pavlos; Sotiriadou Kiriaki; Serafeim Tatiana; Karathanasi Kostantinia; Moustaka Eleni; Theodosopoulou Eleni

2011-01-01

258

The knowledge, attitude and practices of food handlers in food sanitation in a metropolis in south eastern Nigeria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The spread of diseases through food is still a common problem which results in appreciable morbidity and occasional mortality. Food handlers play an important role in ensuring food safety throughout the chain of production, processing, storage and preparation. This study was designed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of food handlers towards food-borne diseases and food safety. A total of 430 food handlers were randomly selected from Owerri Metropolis of Imo State Nigeria and interviewed using structured pretested questionnaire. Almost half (48.4%) of the respondents had poor knowledge of food sanitation. Multiple logistic regression showed type of premise [Odd Ratio (OR) = 4.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.8 - 7.5, P = 0.0004], educational level (OR = 0.4, 95% CI = 1.8 -7.4, P = 0.0003) and job status of food handlers (OR = 0.5, 95%, CI = 0.3 - 0.8, P = 0.0031) significantly influenced the score level of knowledge. There was no significant difference in attitude and practice between trained and untrained food handlers. Findings of this study may be important in planning health education intervention programs for food handlers in order to improve their knowledge, attitude and practice towards food borne diseases and food safety. This will help in reducing morbidity and mortality due to food-borne diseases.

Chukwuocha UM; Dozie IN; Amadi AN; Nwankwo BO; Ukaga CN; Aguwa OC; Abanobi OC; Nwoke EA

2009-12-01

259

Ship management attitudes and their relation to behavior and performance.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to adapt the Crew Resource Management (CRM) Attitudes Questionnaire (CMAQ) to the maritime domain, to assess the ship management attitudes of junior naval officers, and to determine the extent to which these attitudes correlate with behavior and performance in a naval exercise. BACKGROUND: CRM attitudes have been shown to be associated with performance in aviation, but it is unclear whether this construct is applicable and relevant to the maritime domain. METHOD: Participants were 121 active seafarers and 101 junior officers of the German Navy who completed the Ship Management Attitudes Questionnaire-German Navy (SMAQ-GN). Ratings of nontechnical skills and ratings of mission success of the junior officers were collected during a real-world naval exercise. RESULTS: Internal consistencies of SMAQ-GN were similar to those of the original CMAQ and retest reliability was rather high. Attitudes of junior officers toward communication and coordination were positive. Regarding command responsibility and the recognition of stressor effects, positive as well as neutral and negative attitudes were found. Overall, attitudes did not correlate with behavior and performance. Separate analysis of those participants reporting negative to neutral ship management attitudes showed substantial positive correlations of attitudes with behavior and performance. CONCLUSION: Ship management attitudes play a significant role in commanding ships. The attitude-performance linkage is not linear. Behavior and performance are less effective in officers with negative attitudes and equally effective in officers with slightly positive and very positive attitudes. APPLICATION: Ship management attitudes can be used to assess training needs for nautical teams.

Röttger S; Vetter S; Kowalski JT

2013-06-01

260

A pilot study on safety climate in Chinese hospital.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: The present paper has 2 primary objectives as a pilot study on health-care safety climate in China: to develop its prototypical model well fit to the country's current hospital situations and validated external reliability and to elicit essential characteristics of safety climate for hypothetical general features in Chinese health care. METHODS: A safety climate survey was carried out in 2008 at a university hospital in Shanghai, using an Operating Room Management Attitudes Questionnaire. We collected 1056 valid responses from doctors and nurses with 81% of overall response rate. RESULTS: A 9-dimension model of safety climate was developed by applying principal component analysis to the entire sample with 44% of cumulative variance accounted for. Compared with the Japanese sample, safety climate in the Chinese hospital was characterized as strong awareness of own competence, positive attitudes to organization, but large power distance and unrealistic staff recognition of human error. Criterion validity of the construct was in part assured by significant correlations of 4 dimensions with self-reported staff behavior of accident reporting. CONCLUSIONS: Safety climate has been not yet mature in the hospital surveyed that might be partly tied with blame culture. Considering health-care policies, procedures, and management styles shared with many other health-care organizations as well as Chinese culture, we would hypothesize that the immature nature is common in Chinese health care as overall characteristics of safety climate. From these results, we would suggest that a nonpunitive health-care culture should be fostered to improve patient safety in China.

Gu X; Itoh K

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
261

Assessment of safety culture within the radiotherapy department of the Bordeaux University Hospital Centre; Evaluation de la culture de securite au sein du service de radiotherapie du centre hospitalier universitaire de Bordeaux  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The assessment of the safety culture within a radiotherapy department has been performed by using a Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). It assesses the safety environment, the team cooperation quality, the satisfaction related to professional activity, the approval of management actions, the perception of the work environment quality and of logistic support, and the acknowledgment of the influence of stress on performance. The survey has been performed before and after the support intervention of a hospital audit and expertise mission in relationship with the National cancer Institute (Inca). The comparison of results before and after this support intervention shows a general score improvement for the SAQ. Short communication

Leysalle, A.; Vendrely, V.; Sarrade, C.; Boutolleau, J.B.; Vitry, E.; Trouette, R.; Maire, J.P. [Hopital Saint-Andre, 33 - Bordeaux (France)

2010-10-15

262

The Attitudes of Pre-service Teachers towards EFL Writing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The results of the previous studies indicate that no consensus exists on either the attitudes towards EFL writing or the factors that affect these attitudes. In addition, the studies mainly focused on the attitudes of language learners, rather than teachers. Thus, the present study aims to investigate the attitudes of pre-service teachers towards writing in English as a foreign language and the relationship between their attitudes and certain variables. A background questionnaire and a scale intending to measure the attitudes were administered to a sample group of 162 pre-service teachers of English. The collected data were used to provide a descriptive and correlational analysis. The results of the study indicated that pre-service teachers mainly have positive attitudes towards writing in English as a foreign language. Furthermore, it was found that age, gender, educational background and language proficiency significantly correlate with some statements in the scale.

Selami Ayd?n; Tutku Ba?öz

2010-01-01

263

Perception of Contracting parties on Construction Safety in the Gaza Strip, Palestine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The construction industry is one of the most hazardous industries in developing countries. Understanding the safety climate or culture of a workplace, the perceptions and attitudes of workforce are important factors in assessing safety needs. The construction industry in Palestine, by its inherent nature, is susceptible to potentially dangerous conditions that affect the safety of all personnel working in construction projects. This paper reports, based on a questionnaire survey, the perception of owners, consultants and contractors towards safety in the Gaza Strip. The results showed that, most of the participants in the survey had accidents in their construction projects. The findings indicated that, main causes of fatalities and injuries are falling from heights, dropped objects and materials and being caught under excavations. Carelessness of workers, lack of safety knowledge and lack of safety training are the main three reasons that contributed to the increase rate of accidents among construction workers in the Gaza Strip. Therefore, contactors should prepare safety training programs which help personnel to carry out various accidents preventive activities effectively. Training material should discuss the cost of accidents, the influence of good safety performance and should stress the safety objectives of the company, the relevant laws and legislation and contractual relationships with clients regarding safety matters. (author)

2007-01-01

264

Assessing food system attitudes among youth: development and evaluation of attitude measures.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To design and pilot a questionnaire for assessing youth attitudes about the food system. DESIGN: Nutrition educators provided important topics for food system education through a survey using the Delphi method. The resulting questionnaire of attitude scales was piloted with high school students. SETTING: The Delphi survey of nutrition educators was conducted through the mail and electronically. A paper and pencil questionnaire was administered to high school students in Family and Consumer Science classes. PARTICIPANTS: Delphi participants were members of the Society for Nutrition Education's Division of Sustainable Food Systems. A convenience sample of high school students completed the pilot questionnaire. VARIABLES MEASURED: Scales measured attitudes about farmland protection, participation in the local food system, hunger in the United States, organic agriculture, and environmental issues related to food. ANALYSIS: Factor analysis was used to identify constructs. The internal consistency of each resulting scale was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: Reliability of attitude scales ranged from .59 to .73. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Attitude scales were created for the purpose of assessing youth thoughts and beliefs about the local or regional food system. Such assessments can serve as a starting point for food system educators interested in developing effective curricula on food system topics.

Harmon AH; Maretzki AN

2006-03-01

265

Portuguese road safety campaigns: an analysis of its influence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Focused in road safety campaigns, thisstudy aims to analyze the attitude of the Portuguesedrivers towards these campaigns, particularly in relationto different creative dimensions. In addition,based on this attitude, this research aims to proposea segmentation of Portuguese drivers accordingto their attitude towards these campaigns. In termsof methodology we developed a conceptual modelinvolving creative dimensions of these campaigns.Subsequently a questionnaire was administered toa sample of 305 Portuguese drivers, where it wasintended to assess the influence of each dimensionto the driving behavior. Based on the results wecome up with some contributions to the validationof the model and also to identify three distinctgroups of drivers in terms of att itude to communicationcampaigns: “Indiff erent”, “Influenced”, and“Interested.”As main results, we found that theseroad safety campaigns are not consensual, and thatthere are drivers who reject this type of campaignsand others who identify themselves as being stronglyinfluenced by them. It was also found that thestructure of messages based in dramatic tones andfear appeals could lead to an increase in its persuasivepotential.

Paulo Ribeiro Cardoso; Manuel José Fonseca

2012-01-01

266

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

267

[Attitude to incurable disease  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To find the opinions and attitudes of our patients regarding questions of incurable disease and death. DESIGN: A crossover, descriptive study. SETTING: 2 medical clinics and 2 nursing stations at 2 health centres. PATIENTS: 720 patients between 14 and 90 seeking health-care. Sampling of their appropriateness was performed, with systematic daily questionnaires. Known carriers of cancer or AIDS were excluded, as were those with understanding, communication or hearing problems. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: A survey was carried out after a pilot period, using a specially composed questionnaire with seven closed questions. The study period was three months. 60.8% of those questioned would be willing to tell a close family member if the latter had an incurable illness; 60.9% would allow a doctor to do so. 69% would want to be told the truth if they suffered an incurable illness, with 57.3% opting for a doctor as spokesperson. 58.6% would prefer to die at home and 31.3% in hospital. Preference for hospital was unconnected to age or fear of pain. 44% pointed to pain as their greatest fear in an incurable illness, followed by 25.7% whose greatest fear was disability. CONCLUSIONS: On the whole, our patients seemed favorable to telling the truth about a hypothetical incurable illness, whether their own or a family member's. The majority would prefer to die at home and mainly fear pain.

Fernández Díaz R; Pérez Suárez MC; Cossío Rodríguez I; Martínez González P

1996-04-01

268

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

Science.gov (United States)

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

269

The Danish anal sphincter rupture questionnaire: Validity and reliability  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective. To revise, validate and test for reliability an anal sphincter rupture questionnaire in relation to construct, content and face validity. Setting and background. Since 1996 women with anal sphincter rupture (ASR) at one of the public university hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark have been offered pelvic floor muscle examination and instruction by a specialist physiotherapist. In relation to that, a non-validated questionnaire about anal and urinary incontinence was to be answered six months after childbirth. Method. The original questionnaire was revised and a pilot test was performed among health care personnel, followed by an expert panel discussion. Ten women were interviewed about their understanding and attitude toward answering the questionnaire and it was pre-tested on 52 women with ASR. The questionnaire was revised five times during the validation process. The final version was test-retested among 20 women with ASR. Results. The questionnaire revealed typical problems after ASR. The length, use of language, and the way the questionnaire was constructed, was deemed appropriate. The reliability test showed good to very good correlation (Kappa values from 0.733 to 0.923) in all main questions but one. Two questions needed further explanation. Seven women made minor errors. Conclusion. The validated Danish questionnaire has a good construct, content and face validity. It is a well accepted, reliable, simple and clinically relevant screening tool. It reveals physical problems including sexual problems, impact on quality of life and need for treatment among women 6-8 months after ASR.

Due, Ulla; Ottesen, Marianne

2008-01-01

270

A correlation between the components of attitude towards health behaviour in adult students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article analyses the results of an empirical study of the structure of attitudes towards health behaviour in students of the age of 25—35 carried out with the help of a psychological questionnaire. The author stresses the disharmony in the development of cognitive, emotional-evaluative, and conativebehavioural components of health attitude. The conclusion is made that the prevalence of the cognitive component of the attitude does not ensure a strong attitude towards health behaviour.

Prasova Ye. A.

2013-01-01

271

Students’ Attitudes towards the English Proficiency Enhancement Programme  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines students’ attitudes towards the English Proficiency Enhancement Programme (EPEP) carried out in one of the public universities in Malaysia. It draws on a study of 167 participants of the inaugural programme in 2010. A questionnaire was administered to evaluate their attitudes towards four categories of the programme: facilitators, schedule, activities and benefits. Analysis of data was done quantitatively. A main finding is that the EPEP impacted positively on the participants. Other findings show no significant differences in attitudes between gender but attitudes between diploma and undergraduate participants were significantly different. Resultant suggestions include continuing with this programme but with some modifications.

Engku Suhaimi Engku Atek; Zailani Jusoh; Alia Nabila Alias; Wahidah Abdul Wahid; Izah Mohd Tahir

2012-01-01

272

A Study On Students' Attitude Towards Online Shopping In India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To ensure the success of online business, it is important for the retailers to understand their targeted customers. The aim of this study examines the significance of attitude toward online shopping. The objective of the study was to determine relationship between utilitarian orientation, hedonic orientation and perceived benefits with attitude toward online shopping. A five-level Likert scale was used to determine students' attitudes towards online shopping. A self-administered questionnaire, based on prior literature, was developed and a total of 173 students were selected by random sampling. The analysis demonstrated the determinants of consumers' attitudes towards online shopping.

Vipul Patel; A.K.Asthana

2012-01-01

273

QUESTIONNAIRE 5YR 2013  

CERN Multimedia

CERN must remain the centre of excellence that it has been for the last sixty years. Therefore, the Organization must continue to be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists coming from all the Member States. This is why, every five years, on the occasion of a five-yearly review, our employment conditions are compared with bodies having similar activities.In order to prepare the next five-yearly review, the topics of which will be decided by the CERN Council in June 2014, the Staff Association has drawn up a questionnaire that gives you the opportunity to tell us what you think about your current employment conditions. You can also indicate how you wish to see them evolve, and to help you we present some proposals for improvement on which you can give your opinion. Above all, do not hesitate, by using the comments’ fields available in the questionnaire, to formulate your own suggestions in all areas of your conditions of employment that are of interest to you. Your replies will hel...

Association du personnel

2013-01-01

274

Attitudes among nurse educators toward homosexuality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Homosexual populations have unique and specific cultures, psychosocial characteristics, health issues, and health care disparities that are currently ignored or insufficiently addressed in nursing education. To understand the reasons for these omissions, this descriptive study explores the attitudes of nurse educators (N = 1,282) toward homosexuality and the extent to which demographic, educational, and occupational factors are related to their attitudes. Responding to a direct online survey solicitation, self-selected participants completed the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Scale (ATLG) and a supplementary data questionnaire. Results indicate that the majority of participants have positive attitudes toward homosexuality, which is consistent with prior findings. Most participants believe it is important to teach nursing students about homosexuality, but they consider themselves unprepared to teach this content. Effects of various demographic and occupational factors on participants' ATLG scores and implications of the findings for nursing education and nursing health care policy are discussed.

Sirota T

2013-04-01

275

Attitudes among nurse educators toward homosexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Homosexual populations have unique and specific cultures, psychosocial characteristics, health issues, and health care disparities that are currently ignored or insufficiently addressed in nursing education. To understand the reasons for these omissions, this descriptive study explores the attitudes of nurse educators (N = 1,282) toward homosexuality and the extent to which demographic, educational, and occupational factors are related to their attitudes. Responding to a direct online survey solicitation, self-selected participants completed the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Scale (ATLG) and a supplementary data questionnaire. Results indicate that the majority of participants have positive attitudes toward homosexuality, which is consistent with prior findings. Most participants believe it is important to teach nursing students about homosexuality, but they consider themselves unprepared to teach this content. Effects of various demographic and occupational factors on participants' ATLG scores and implications of the findings for nursing education and nursing health care policy are discussed. PMID:23506172

Sirota, Theodora

2013-03-20

276

PSYCHOSOCIAL SPORT MARKETING ATTITUDES OF  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the strategy implementations in the achievement of the Nigeria Sport policy development is effective sport marketing (Onifade, 1999). The Nigerian government has been said to be solely responsible for funding and marketing sports hence, achieving the sports developmental goal is at its lowest ebb (Esuku, 2003).This study examined the socio- psychological sports marketing attitudes of the stakeholders in the achievement of sports goal by 2020. It also determined attitudes of stakeholders towards sports marketing. The participants for the study consisted 1,200 Nigerian sampled from twelve States and from the various professions, who are stakeholders to sports marketing (corporate and private organizations, sports Journalists, sports psychologists, sports councils, ministry of sports, coaches, labour unions, University and athletes). They were purposively sampled. The main research tool was the questionnaire that was used to obtain information on the different variables. The descriptive statistics of frequency and percentages were used for the analysis of the demographic information, while inferential statistics of one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. The results confirmed that Nigerian government is solely responsible for marketing sports which ought not to be if effective sports marketing must be realized toward the attainment of the millennium goals. Also revealed are fair positive socio- psychological attitudes of few corporate organizations, and negative socio- psychological attitudes from individuals of most corporate organizations. Suggestions were advanced towards the improvement of achieving the sports developmental goals.

Tomas E. Boye

2011-01-01

277

New attitudes toward wind  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Despite highly vocal opposition to specific projects near Los Angeles, opinion surveys still found strong support for wind energy. The first, a mail survey Consumer Attitude and Choice in Local Energy Development, was conducted by Robert Thayer at the University of California's Davis campus. The other survey, conducted by Dr. Phyllis Bosley at Towson State University targeted national environmental leaders. The Thayer survey examined how people view four energy technologies - biomass, nuclear, fossil, and wind - and where they would find them most acceptable. Of the six factors Thayer measure - safety, reliability, environmental impacts, cost, dependence on foreign oil, and visual impacts - wind energy's big bugaboo, visual impact, was the least important. Wind turbines do produce a strong NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard) response among customers, however. The Bosley study of national environmental leaders found, somewhat surprisingly, that the Sierra Club held slightly more positive views toward wind energy than environmental leaders in general. Nationally, solar was seen as the most cost effective energy source, followed by wind. The survey compared attitudes toward four energy technologies: solar, wind, fossil fuels, and nuclear power. There was general agreement among the environmentalists that both wind and solar were environmentally superior energy sources to fossil fuels and nuclear power.

Gipe, P.

1990-03-01

278

BEST PHARMACY PRACTICES IN ALTERNATIVE MEDICATION SAFETY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and knowledge among pharmacists in Oman towards the use of alternative medicine therapies and their side effects. A questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private pharmacies in Muscat, Oman. The mean age was 30 (SD= 7.5) years. About 52% of pharmacists said that they had used alternative therapies in their lifetime. More than half of them were interested in alternative therapies and their information came from their classes during college. Their awareness about side effects of those therapies was modest. About 29.9% of the pharmacists did not have enough information about potential interactions been alternative and conventional therapies. Information about alternative medication therapies is needed for pharmacy students as part of the pharmacy college curriculum. Continuing education programs for practicing pharmacists about the counseling techniques and the safety usage of different alternative medications should be established in Oman.The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and knowledge among pharmacists in Oman towards the use of alternative medicine therapies and their side effects. A questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private pharmacies in Muscat, Oman. The mean age was 30 (SD= 7.5) years. About 52% of pharmacists said that they had used alternative therapies in their lifetime. More than half of them were interested in alternative therapies and their information came from their classes during college. Their awareness about side effects of those therapies was modest. About 29.9% of the pharmacists did not have enough information about potential interactions been alternative and conventional therapies. Information about alternative medication therapies is needed for pharmacy students as part of the pharmacy college curriculum. Continuing education programs for practicing pharmacists about the counseling techniques and the safety usage of different alternative medications should be established in Oman.

A.R Mullaicharam; Maisa Shummo; Mohammed Ali Nida’a

2009-01-01

279

ATBC Study - Questionnaires and Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

Skip to Main Content Home Contact Us Links Study Details Questionnaires & Forms Current Projects ATBC Study Bibliography Study Investigators & Collaborators Proposal Review & Collaboration Research Consortium Projects Questionnaires & Forms Baseline

280

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

 
 
 
 
281

Impact of multidisciplinary simulation-based training on patient safety in a paediatric emergency department.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Cincinnati Children's Hospital is one of the busiest paediatric emergency departments (ED) in the USA; high volume, high acuity and frequent interruptions contribute to an increased risk for error. OBJECTIVE: To improve patient safety in a paediatric ED by implementing a multidisciplinary, simulation-based curriculum emphasising teamwork and communication. METHODS: Subjects included all healthcare providers in the ED. Multidisciplinary teams participated in simulation-based training focused on teamwork and communication behaviours in critical clinical scenarios. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire, tests of knowledge and evaluations of critical simulations and actual performance in the ED resuscitation bay were assessed. Methods to sustain improvements included mandatory participation of all new staff in simulation-based training and the introduction of routine in situ simulations. RESULTS: 289 participants attended the initial training. 151 participants attended the re-evaluation at a mean of 10.2 months later. Sustained improvements in knowledge and attitudes were demonstrated. Knowledge tests at baseline, postintervention and re-evaluation had scores of 86%, 96% and 93%, respectively. Friedman's test analysis of SAQ scores at baseline, postintervention and re-evaluation indicated significant attitude changes. The ED with a preintervention baseline of 2-3 patient safety events per year has now sustained more than 1000 days without a patient safety event. This improvement occurred even though the time required in initial simulation training has been condensed from 12 to 4 h. CONCLUSIONS: Simulation training is an effective tool to modify safety attitudes and teamwork behaviours in an ED. Sustaining cultural and behavioural changes requires repeated practice opportunities.

Patterson MD; Geis GL; LeMaster T; Wears RL

2013-05-01

282

Safety Culture Survey in Krsko NPP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The high level of nuclear safety, stability and competitiveness of electricity production, and public acceptability are the main objectives of Krsko Nuclear Power Plant. This is achievable only in environment where strong Safety Culture is taking dominant place in the way how employees communicate, perform tasks, share their ideas and attitudes, and demonstrate their concern in all aspects of work and coexistence. To achieve these objectives, behaviour of all employees as well as specific ethical values must become more transparent and that must arise from the heart of organization. Continuous ongoing and periodic self assessments of Safety Culture in Krsko NPP present major tools in implementation process of this approach. Benefits from Periodic interdisciplinary focused self assessment approach, which main intention is finding the strengths and potential areas for improvements, was used second time to assess the area of Safety Culture in Krsko NPP. Main objectives of self assessment, performed in 2006, were to increase the awareness of the present culture, to serve as a basis for improvement and to keep track of the effects of change or improvement over a longer period of time. For the purpose of effective self assessment, extensive questionnaire was used to obtain information that is representative for whole organization. Wide range of questions was chosen to cover five major characteristics of safety culture: Accountability for safety is clear, Safety is integrated into all activities, Safety culture is learning-driven, Leadership for safety is clear and Safety is a clearly recognized value. 484 Krsko NPP employees and 96 contractors were participated in survey. 70-question survey provided information that was quantified and results compared between groups. Anonymity of participant, as well as their willingness to contribute in this assessment implicates the high level of their openness in answering the questions. High number of participant made analysis of results very reliable. Survey results were statistically analyzed and presented to Krsko NPP management board. More specific qualitative analyses were performed for departments. With assistance of Safety Culture Self Assessment team members, leaders of these departments developed specific action plans and disseminated major identified issues. By these feedbacks Krsko NPP ensured better employees understanding of the results of the survey. It is very exceptive that employee's responses will contribute to the overall process and establishment of safety conscious work environment.(author).

2008-01-01

283

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF FARMERS TOWARDS ORGANIC FARMING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Organic farming is gaining popularity all over the world as it can diversify agricultural production system toward attaining improved productivity, farm income as well as food safety. The rise of organic farming was driven partly by consumers' concern with food quality and safety, as well as the protection of the environment. Organic Farming produces safe and nutritious food as it helps prevent soil pollution by stopping risky chemical reactions in the soil and avoiding produce contamination, as well as soil erosion, by wind and rain. One of the important parties that can enable the country to produce more organic products through organic farming is the growers or farmers. The final decision of farmers to use a new practice like organic farming system is usually the result of their knowledge of the practices as well as their perception. Therefore, the main purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate the knowledge, perception or attitude, and practices of vegetable growers towards organic farming. A survey method through face-to-face interview by using structured questionnaire was used to collect data from a total of 31 vegetable growers in Kundasang, Sabah which was selected by using simple random sampling method. The findings of the study show that the knowledge of the respondents on organic farming especially pertaining to the use of chemical insecticides, herbicides and fertilizers is still need to be improved, their attitude is also still negative, and they are still dependent on conventional practices (i.e. chemical) especially to control pests and diseases.

Assis, K.; Mohd Ismail, H.A

2011-01-01

284

Implementation of the safety culture for HANARO Safety Management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Safety is the fundamental principal upon which the management system is based. The IAEA INSAG(International Nuclear Safety Group) states the general aims of the safety management system. One of which is to foster and support a strong safety culture through the development and reinforcement of good safety attitudes and behavior in individuals and teams so as to allow them to carry out their tasks safety. The safety culture activities have been implemented and the importance of safety management in nuclear activities for a reactor application and utilization has also been emphasized more than 10 years in HANARO which is a 30 MW multi-purpose research reactor and achieved its first criticality in February 1995. The safety culture activities and implementations have been conducted continuously to enhance its safe operation like the seminars and lectures related to safety matters, participation in international workshops, the development of safety culture indicators, the survey on the attitude of safety culture, the development of operational safety performance indicators (SPIs), the preparation of a safety text book and the development of an e-Learning program for safety education. (author)

2008-01-01

285

Total safety management: An approach to improving safety culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A little over 4 yr ago, Admiral James D. Watkins became Secretary of Energy. President Bush, who had appointed him, informed Watkins that his principal task would be to clean up the nuclear weapons complex and put the US Department of Energy (DOE) back in the business of producing tritium for the nation's nuclear deterrent. Watkins recognized that in order to achieve these objectives, he would have to substantially improve the DOE's safety culture. Safety culture is a relatively new term. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) used it in a 1986 report on the root causes of the Chernobyl nuclear accident. In 1990, the IAEA's International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group issued a document focusing directly on safety culture. It provides guidelines to the international nuclear community for measuring the effectiveness of safety culture in nuclear organizations. Safety culture has two principal aspects: an organizational framework conducive to safety and the necessary organizational and individual attitudes that promote safety. These obviously go hand in hand. An organization must create the right framework to foster the right attitudes, but individuals must have the right attitudes to create the organizational framework that will support a good safety culture. The difficulty in developing such a synergistic relationship suggests that achieving and sustaining a strong safety culture is not easy, particularly in an organization whose safety culture is in serious disrepair

1993-01-01

286

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Document Server

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996 followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equal Opportuni...

2007-01-01

287

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Document Server

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996, which was followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equa...

2007-01-01

288

The Impact of Supervision on Internal Medicine Residents' Attitudes and Management of Depression in Primary Care: A Pilot Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The authors examined the effect of supervision on internal medicine residents' attitudes toward and management of depression. Method: Internal medicine residents completed a survey during preclinical conferences. The survey included a published, validated questionnaire, the Depression Attitude Questionnaire, and items developed by the…

Milone, Jennifer M.; Gottumukkala, Aruna; Ward, Christopher P.; York, Kaki M.

2013-01-01

289

A tale of two systems--nurses practice environment, well being, perceived quality of care and patient safety in private and public hospitals in South Africa: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the practice environment, nurse reported quality of care and patient safety, and nurse workforce outcomes in medical and surgical units in private and public hospitals in South Africa (SA), and determine the association of modifiable features of the hospital such as the practice environment and patient to nurse workloads on these outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of nurses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Nurses were surveyed in medical and surgical units of 55 private hospitals and 7 public national referral hospitals in SA. A total of 1187 nurses completed the survey. MEASUREMENTS: Practice environment, patient to nurse workloads, nurse reported quality of care and patient safety, and nurse workforce outcomes including burnout, job satisfaction and intention to leave. RESULTS: On a national level, more than half, 54.4% (634/1166) of nurses intend to leave their hospital within the next year due to job dissatisfaction and 52.3% (600/1148) rate their practice environment as poor or fair, while almost half, 45.8% (538/1174) report high levels of burnout and 44.9% (517/1152) are not confident that management will resolve patient problems. Public hospital nurses report more negative outcomes than private hospital nurses. Some 71% (320/451) of public hospital nurses rate their practice environment as poor/fair, 62.9% (281/447) are not confident management will resolve patient problems, and 59% (272/461) intend to leave their hospital within the next year due to job dissatisfaction. On a national level, more favourable practice environments are significantly associated with more positive nurse reported quality of care, and nurse workforce outcomes. This is true for private and public hospitals. Patient to nurse workloads are also significantly associated with more positive nurse reported quality of care and patient safety, and nurse workforce outcomes, but primarily in public hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Improving the practice environment, including patient to nurse ratios holds promise for retaining a qualified and committed nurse workforce and may benefit patients in terms of better quality care.

Coetzee SK; Klopper HC; Ellis SM; Aiken LH

2013-02-01

290

Nursing Students' Perceptions, Beliefs and Attitudes: A First Study on Special Pedagogic Activities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Studying nursing students' opinions could be a useful guide for the formation of their professionalrole as well as their education and training.Aim: The present study's aim is to examine nurse students' opinion, beliefs and attitude regarding the conceptsof health, health care, health education, health ethics, illness, safety in health care and quality in health care, inan educational environment which promotes cooperative activities in class.Methodology: Seventy four nurse students of the University of Peloponnese participated in the present studyduring the winter semester of 2008-2009. They were asked to describe shortly the meaning of the study concepts,writing down their opinion on a questionnaire that included six questions. Their answers were evaluated usingthe method of content analysis and sorted to exhaustive and mutually exclusive categories.Results: Nursing Students were asked to describe the meaning of the concept of health, health care, healtheducation, health ethics, illness, safety in health care and quality in health care. The result of the students'opinion reveals the way they conceive their professional role, their education and their attitude in real workingconditions and, therefore, the quality of the services they provide and how well prepared they are to demand andto put in a claim for the quality in health care.Conclusions: Further empirical research could aim to replicate or contradict these findings, using a larger sampleand recruiting more university departments.

Vassiliki Ioannidi; Petros Kolovos; Sofia Vasileiadou; Maria Malliarou; Antonios Travlos; Sofia Zyga

2011-01-01

291

??????????????????????????????? | The User's Attitudes Towards Real-time Digital Reference in Academic Libraries / Shiao-Feng Su  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????Through questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews, the study investigated the desired features, marketing strategies, and policies of real-time digital reference services from students’ perspectives. The project was executed in two phases using different research methods: in-depth interviews were conducted during the questionnaire development phase, questionnaire survey was used in the large scale survey of users’ attitudes. The survey results reflected the actual habits, need, and attitudes of current and potential users. Further analyses revealed the differences of need and attitudes of students of various majors and backgrounds. The findings could help academic libraries better serve and effectively attract target users.???48-63

??? ?

2007-01-01

292

Adolescents' reported hearing symptoms and attitudes toward loud music.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to compare the adolescents' attitudes toward loud music in relation to a set of self-perceived auditory symptoms and psychological variables such as norms, preparedness to take risks and risk-judgment in noisy situations. A questionnaire on hearing and preventive behavior was distributed to 281 upper secondary school students aged 15-19 years. The questionnaire included youth attitude to noise scale, questions about perceived hearing symptoms such as tinnitus and sound sensitivity and finally statements on perceived behavioral norms regarding hearing protection use, risk-taking and risk-judgment in noisy settings. Self-perceived auditory symptoms such as sound sensitivity and permanent tinnitus had a significant relationship with less tolerant attitudes toward loud music. Permanent tinnitus and sound sensitivity together accounted for 15.9% of the variation in attitudes toward loud music. Together with the psychological variables norms, preparedness to take risks and risk-judgment 48.0% of the variation in attitudes could be explained. Although perceived hearing symptoms (sound sensitivity and permanent tinnitus) was associated with less tolerant attitudes toward loud music, psychological variables such as norms, preparedness to take risks and risk-judgment were found to be more strongly associated with attitudes toward loud music and should therefore be considered more in future preventive work. Health promotive strategies should focus on changing not merely individual attitudes, but also societal norms and regulations in order to decrease noise induced auditory symptoms among adolescents.

Landälv D; Malmström L; Widén SE

2013-09-01

293

Measures of Diabetic Patient Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Regarding Self-Care. Appendix C to Summary Report: New Measures of Diabetic Patient Behavior, Knowledge, and Attitudes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The research goal was to develop a battery of reliable and valid questions that measure the self-care knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of diabetic patients in content areas specified by experts as most important. Questionnaires were developed and admini...

K. H. Marquis J. E. Ware D. A. Relles

1979-01-01

294

Swedish hunters' safety behaviour and experience of firearm incidents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Since any firearm injury is potentially lethal, it is of great interest to prevent firearm incidents. This study investigated such incidents during hunting and Swedish hunters' safety behaviour. A 48-item questionnaire was posted to a random sample of 1000 members of the Swedish Association for Hunting and Wildlife Management. The questions considered demographics, hunting experience/hunting habits/safety behaviour/attitudes and experience of careless weapon handling, hunters' weapons and safety behaviour relating to weapons, health status, firearm incidents and their preventability, and personal comments on the questionnaire. The response rate was almost 50%. The mean age of the responders was 54 years; 5% were females. Almost none (1%) reported hunting under the influence of alcohol. Young age and male sex were positively associated with risk behaviour, although the presence of multiple risk behaviours in the same responder was not common. A very high degree of compliance with Swedish laws regarding weapon storage was reported. One-quarter of the responders had witnessed a firearm incident caused by another hunter, which in most situations did not result in human injury or death. An unsafetied weapon was the most common reported "cause" of these incidents. Experience of a firearm incident was not uncommon and the majority of the responders considered the incident in question to be preventable. This study provides a picture of the possible risk behaviour among hunters and the results suggest that future prevention work should target safer weapon handling.

Junuzovic M; Midlöv P; Lönn SL; Eriksson A

2013-08-01

295

Measuring consumer attitudes towards gambling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to measure consumer attitudes towards gambling amongst various sociodemographic groups in Port Elizabeth. The study was based on past research and used a modified version of a questionnaire developed by various authors. The sample (N=355) was drawn, using a non-probability sampling technique from English, Afrikaans and Xhosa speaking respondents in the Port Elizabeth Uitenhage area. Fieldwork was carried out by students of Industrial Psychology at the University of Port Elizabeth. Results showed significant differences between socio-demographic groups regarding attitudes towards gambling. Cultural influences deduced from home language and religion seems to influence gambling attitudes in particular. These results have important implications for the gaming industry and welfare organisations. Opsomming Die hoof doelstelling van hierdie studie was om verbruikerhoudings ten opsigte van dobbel onder verskeie sosiodemografiese groepe in Port Elizabeth te ondersoek. Die studie is gegrond op vorige navorsing in die veld en maak gebruik van n aangepaste vraelys, ontwikkel deur verskeie outeurs. ‘n Nie-ewekansige steekproef (N=355) is getrek uit Engels, Afrikaans en Xhosa-sprekende respondente in die Port Elizabeth Uitenhage gebied. Veldwerk is uitgevoer deur Bedryfsielkunde studente van die Universiteit van Port Elizabeth. Bevindinge toon beduidende verskille tussen sosio-demografiese groepe ten opsigte van houdings oor dobbel. Kultuurinvloede afgelei uit taal en godsdiens blyk om dobbelhoudings te beinvloed. Die resultate het belangrike implikasies vir die dobbelspelbedryf en welsynsorganisasies.

G. G. Rousseau; D. J. L. Venter

2002-01-01

296

Factors associated with knowledge and attitudes in persons with epilepsy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Treating persons with epilepsy (PWE) in developing countries may be different from elsewhere. Knowledge and attitudes of PWE are known to be associated with seizure control. This study aims to evaluate factors related with the knowledge and attitudes of PWE in northeastern Thailand. A cross-sectional survey using questionnaires and interviews was undertaken at the Khon Kaen University epilepsy clinic. The questionnaire comprised 22 questions (14 knowledge questions and 8 attitude questions). Two hundred three PWE participated in the study with a mean age of 36.5 years. Four factors were significantly associated with the knowledge about epilepsy, which included education level, age, epilepsy duration, and a history of experiencing antiepileptic medication side effects. In addition, there were four factors significantly associated with the attitudes about epilepsy, which included seizure control, education level, epilepsy duration, and marital status. There is a need to provide more education, preferably community based, to help PWE obtain more accurate information.

Saengsuwan J; Boonyaleepan S; Srijakkot J; Sawanyawisuth K; Tiamkao S

2012-05-01

297

Survey on radiation safety management (RSM) among Korean radiation workers who operate radiation generators or handle radioactive isotopes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of radiation workers to radiation safety management (RSM) using survey questionnaires. Radiation workers are those who handle radiation generators, radioactive isotopes, and other radioactive materials for industrial uses. The survey was distributed to 861 radiation workers between 1 August to 5 September 2011. A knowledge of, awareness of, attitude toward, and behaviors related to RSM were analyzed by comparing the means and standard deviations. Both the knowledge and awareness of RSM among radiation workers were high. Although all questions about the awareness of RSM were answered correctly, there were also many negative responses. All questions regarding the attitude of radiation workers toward RSM were answered correctly, and their attitude toward and awareness of RSM were high. Overall, the results demonstrated that safety management is not taken seriously in many cases, highlighting the need for proper education in the future to raise awareness among radiation workers. Furthermore, it is important to establish a foundation for the efficient use of radiation based on the continuous management of radiation workers.

Ryu YH; Cho JH; Dong KR; Chung WK; Lee JW; Choi EJ

2014-01-01

298

Transmission of social attitudes.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Data gathered in Australia and England on the social attitudes of spouses and twins are largely consistent with a genetic model for family resemblance in social attitudes. There is substantial assortative mating and little evidence of vertical cultural inheritance.

Martin, N G; Eaves, L J; Heath, A C; Jardine, R; Feingold, L M; Eysenck, H J

299

The driver with dementia: a survey of physician attitudes, knowledge, and practice.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: One of the most difficult issues physicians must address when caring for persons with dementia is fitness to drive. The purpose of this project was to investigate the attitudes, knowledge, and practices of physicians toward drivers with dementia. METHODS: A questionnaire that obtained perspectives about and experiences with drivers' with dementia was mailed to physicians from North Carolina and South Carolina. RESULTS: The sample was comprised of 239 physicians who worked with persons with dementia. Respondents who were aware of the Physician's Guide to Assessing and Counseling Older Drivers, had a strong perceived role regarding driving, were older, and believed it was important to address driving were more likely to engage in driving discussions. CONCLUSIONS: Concerns associated with the driver with dementia have implications for not only patient care but also public safety. We recommend that all physicians be encouraged to address the issue and utilize existing educational materials.

Adler G; Rottunda SJ

2011-02-01

300

Clinical teaching: fieldwork supervisors' attitudes and values.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to initiate the identification of fieldwork supervisors' educational needs by ascertaining their values and attitudes toward exemplary principles of teaching advocated by adult educators. Each principle was rephrased as an attitude or value associated with Level II fieldwork, matched with a Likert-type 5-point interval scale, and distributed to a convenience sample of 81 fieldwork supervisors. Ninety-two percent of the questionnaires were returned. The statement responses were tallied by frequency and were then summed and ranked. The range of scores indicated that the fieldwork supervisors' values and attitudes were congruent with the identified principles of teaching. The rankings revealed that the supervisors placed the highest value on providing a thorough orientation and the lowest values on individualization of the fieldwork experience and supervisor-student collaboration. The findings indicate a need for further education about ways to individualize learning and involve students in planning, implementing, and evaluating the learning experience.

Kautzmann LN

1990-09-01

 
 
 
 
301

Extensionists` Attitude Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was conducted to identify the attitudes of extension professionals toward sustainable agriculture concepts. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 87 agricultural extensionists in Iran. To identify the attitudes toward sustainable agriculture concepts, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. Content validity of the instrument was established by a panel of experts. Results indicated that extensionists` attitudes were moderate toward sustainability. It was found that the concepts of Independency and Community had the highest mean, respectively. F-test results revealed that extensionists` general perceptions toward sustainable agriculture concepts did not significantly vary with age, levels of education, years of experience in extension or organizational position.

M.S. Allahyari

2008-01-01

302

Residents’ Attitude towards Educational Tourism in Malaysia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Educational tourism is known as an imperative sector in the tourism industry to expand its sustainability. Malaysia is increasingly recognized by students from around the world as the preferred choice for continuing education. Methods: This study used the data collected through a cross-sectional survey among residents in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Interviewed questionnaires were used during the survey from December 2010 to January 2011. Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference in attitudes of local residents towards educational tourism. The finding also revealed that attention should be focused on the attitudes of residents with various job sectors. Conclusion: The difference between the residents' job is a critical issue in analyzing the impact of educational tourism and community development projects in Malaysia.Keywords: community development, educational tourism, residents, attitude

Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah; Maryam Ahmadian; Sarjit S. Gill; Roozbeh Babolian Hendijani

2013-01-01

303

Canadian attitudes to nuclear power  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A national assessment was made of public attitudes towards nuclear power, along with regional studies of the Maritimes and mid-western Canada and a study of Canadian policy-makers' views on nuclear energy. Public levels of knowledge about nuclear power are very low and there are marked regional differences. Opposition centers on questions of safety and is hard to mollify due to irrational fear and low institutional credibility. Canadians rate inflation as a higher priority problem than energy and see energy shortages as a future problem (within 5 years) and energy independence as a high priority policy. (E.C.B.)

1977-05-13

304

Attitudes towards suicide among adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Having a relatively high suicide rate of 19.5 per 100.000 inhabitants, the Republic of Serbia is in the first half on the list of the European countries concerning the number of suicides. However, the situation is particularly alarming in Vojvodina, which has been one of the areas with a very high population mortality rate caused by suicide for a long period of time not only in Serbia of nowadays, but also in former Yugoslavia. The number of suicides has increased by almost 50% over the last five and a half decades, and every eighth suicide was committed by a young person. The aim of this paper was to explore adolescents’ attitudes towards suicide and to find out whether the difference in age affects changes in attitudes regarding suicide. Material and Methods. The George Domino’s Suicide Opinion Questionnaire was completed by 254 adolescents divided into two age groups - 124 respondents were in the age group 13 to 15 and 130 of them in the age group 18 to 19. Results. The results of this study suggest that the attitudes of younger and older group of adolescents towards suicide mostly coincide and there is no statistically significant difference in the answers according to the analyzed clusters. Conclusion. This research shows that the attitudes of respondents of both age groups indicate a lack of awareness about suicide, its causes and dynamics of development of this public health problem. This leaves space for more intensive educational work in the mental health of the population, especially young people and for further research of the suicide problem as a basis for developing strategies.

?ankovi? Dušan; ?ankovi? Sonja; Ukropina Snežana; Ni?iforovi?-Šurkovi? Olja; Harhaji Sanja; Radi? Ivana

2013-01-01

305

[Attitudes towards suicide among adolescents].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Having a relatively high suicide rate of 19.5 per 100.000 inhabitants, the Republic of Serbia is in the first half on the list of the European countries concerning the number of suicides. However, the situation is particularly alarming in Vojvodina, which has been one of the areas with a very high population mortality rate caused by suicide for a long period of time not only in Serbia of nowadays, but also in former Yugoslavia. The number of suicides has increased by almost 50% over the last five and a half decades, and every eighth suicide was committed by a young person. The aim of this paper was to explore adolescents' attitudes towards suicide and to find out whether the difference in age affects changes in attitudes regarding suicide. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The George Domino's Suicide Opinion Questionnaire was completed by 254 adolescents divided into two age groups--124 respondents were in the age group 13 to 15 and 130 of them in the age group 18 to 19. RESULTS: The results of this study suggest that the attitudes of younger and older group of adolescents towards suicide mostly coincide and there is no statistically significant difference in the answers according to the analyzed clusters. CONCLUSION: This research shows that the attitudes of respondents of both age groups indicate a lack of awareness about suicide, its causes and dynamics of development of this public health problem. This leaves space for more intensive educational work in the mental health of the population, especially young people and for further research of the suicide problem as a basis for developing strategies.

Cankovi? D; Cankovi? S; Ukropina S; Surkovi? ON; Harhaji S; Radi? I

2013-05-01

306

Consumer attitude towards store brands.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The consumption of store brands is increasing in the European Union. In Spain it represents 12.4% of the total food shopping. In order to understand this phenomenon better a consumer study was undertaken using 610 consumers from all over Catalonia. The consumers filled in a questionnaire made up of 32 questions based on a simplified model of the Theory of Reasoned Action of Fishbein and Ajzen. The components included in the model were Past Behavior (2 questions), Attitudes (5 questions), Beliefs (9 questions) and their Evaluations, simplified Neophobia/Neophilia scale (4 questions) and the importance of the special offers. The salient beliefs were obtained from two previous focus groups: one group of professionals and one group of consumers. The results obtained showed a good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha coefficient) in all the multi-item components of the model except for the beliefs. A non-unitary structure of beliefs was detected, although it does nto represent a serious problem since consumers do not necessarily have to show consistent beliefs. Most consumers believe that store brands are reliable, different from the brands of the manufacturer and are good value for money. Their quality perception depends on the store, and in general, when the price is the same, the brand of the manufacturer is chosen in accordance with its higher quality image. In several components of the model a clear consumer segmentation was observed depending on the sex of the consumer. In general, women showed a more positive attitude towards store brands than men. Beliefs were bad predictors of attitude, probably due to their non-unitary structure. The most important component in the model predicting behavioural intention was attitude, special offers also being a significant factor. Based on the results obtained, it seems that consumers have clear beliefs about store brands, but probably at the supermarket they will behave in ways that do not necessarily correspond with their beliefs.

Guerrero L; Colomer Y; Guardia MD; Xicola J; Clotet R

2000-09-01

307

Neonatal intensive care unit safety culture varies widely.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Variation in healthcare delivery and outcomes in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may be partly explained by differences in safety culture. OBJECTIVE: To describe NICU care giver assessments of safety culture, explore variability within and between NICUs on safety culture domains, and test for association with care giver characteristics. METHODS: NICU care givers in 12 hospitals were surveyed using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), which has six scales: teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, stress recognition, perception of management and working conditions. Scale means, SDs and percent positives (percent agreement) were calculated for each NICU. RESULTS: There was substantial variation in safety culture domains among NICUs. Composite mean score across the six domains ranged from 56.3 to 77.8 on a 100-point scale and NICUs in the top four NICUs were significantly different from the bottom four (p<0.001). Across the six domains, respondent assessments varied widely, but were least positive on perceptions of management (3%-80% positive; mean 33.3%) and stress recognition (18%-61% positive; mean 41.3%). Comparisons of SAQ scale scores between NICUs and a previously published adult ICU cohort generally revealed higher scores for NICUs. Composite scores for physicians were 8.2 (p=0.04) and 9.5 (p=0.02) points higher than for nurses and ancillary personnel. CONCLUSION: There is significant variation and scope for improvement in safety culture among these NICUs. The NICU variation was similar to variation in adult ICUs, but NICU scores were generally higher. Future studies should validate whether safety culture measured with the SAQ correlates with clinical and operational outcomes in NICUs.

Profit J; Etchegaray J; Petersen LA; Sexton JB; Hysong SJ; Mei M; Thomas EJ

2012-03-01

308

Assessing patient safety culture in hospitals across countries.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: It is believed that in order to reduce the number of adverse events, hospitals have to stimulate a more open culture and reflective attitude towards errors and patient safety. The objective is to examine similarities and differences in hospital patient safety culture in three countries: the Netherlands, the USA and Taiwan. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional survey study across three countries. A questionnaire, the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (Hospital SOPS), was disseminated nationwide in the Netherlands, the USA and Taiwan. SETTING: The study was conducted in 45 hospitals in the Netherlands, 622 in the USA and 74 in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3779 professionals from the participating hospitals in the Netherlands, 196 462 from the USA and 10 146 from Taiwan participated in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measures of the study were 12 dimensions of patient safety culture, e.g. Teamwork, Organizational learning, Communication openness. RESULTS: Most hospitals in all three countries have high scores on teamwork within units. The area with a high potential for improvement in all three countries is Handoffs and transitions. Differences between countries exist on the following dimensions: Non-punitive response to error, Feedback and communication about error, Communication openness, Management support for patient safety and Organizational learning--continuous improvement. On the whole, US respondents were more positive about the safety culture in their hospitals than Dutch and Taiwanese respondents. Nevertheless, there are even larger differences between hospitals within a country. CONCLUSIONS: Comparison of patient safety culture data has shown similarities and differences within and between countries. All three countries can improve areas of their patient safety culture. Countries can identify and share best practices and learn from each other.

Wagner C; Smits M; Sorra J; Huang CC

2013-07-01

309

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. Results The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. Conclusion The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Theodorou Mamas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Pavlakis Andreas; Maniadakis Nikos; Fragoulakis Vasilis; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

2009-01-01

310

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. RESULTS: The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. CONCLUSION: The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Theodorou M; Tsiantou V; Pavlakis A; Maniadakis N; Fragoulakis V; Pavi E; Kyriopoulos J

2009-01-01

311

Parental attitudes and opinions on the use of psychotropic medication in mental disorders of childhood  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The limited number of systematic, controlled studies that assess the safety and efficacy of psychotropic medications for children reinforce the hesitation and reluctance of parents to administer such medications. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes of parents of children with psychiatric disorders, towards psychotropic medication. Methods A 20-item questionnaire was distributed to 140 parents during their first contact with an outpatient child psychiatric service. The questionnaire comprised of questions regarding the opinions, knowledge and attitudes of parents towards children's psychotropic medication. Sociodemographic data concerning parents and children were also recorded. Frequency tables were created and the chi-square test and Fisher's exact tests were used for the comparison of the participants' responses according to sex, educational level, age and gender of the child and use of medication. Results Respondents were mostly mothers aged 25–45 years. Children for whom they asked for help with were mostly boys, aged between 6 and 12 years old. A total of 83% of the subjects stated that they knew psychotropic drugs are classified into categories, each having a distinct mechanism of action and effectiveness. A total of 40% believe that there is a proper use of psychotropic medication, while 20% believe that psychiatrists unnecessarily use high doses of psychotropic medication. A total of 80% fear psychotropic agents more than other types of medication. Most parents are afraid to administer psychotropic medication to their child when compared to any other medication, and believe that psychotherapy is the most effective method of dealing with every kind of mental disorders, including childhood schizophrenia (65%). The belief that children who take psychotropic medication from early childhood are more likely to develop drug addiction later is correlated with the parental level of education. Conclusion Parents' opinions and beliefs are not in line with scientific facts. This suggests a need to further inform the parents on the safety and efficacy of psychotropic medication in order to improve treatment compliance.

Lazaratou Helen; Anagnostopoulos Dimitris C; Alevizos Elias V; Haviara Fotini; Ploumpidis Dimitris N

2007-01-01

312

HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions of rural nurses in South Africa.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: This paper is a report of a study exploring HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions of nurses in the largely black and rural Limpopo Province of South Africa. BACKGROUND: Studies of HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and practices among healthcare workers in developing countries have shown gaps in knowledge and fear of contagion, coupled with ambivalent attitudes in caring for patients with HIV/AIDS and inconsistent universal precautions adherence. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of a random sample of primary health care (PHC) (n = 71) and hospital nurses (n = 69) was carried out in 2005, using a questionnaire, focus groups and in-depth interviews. FINDINGS: Hospital nurses reported a higher frequency of care for patients with HIV/AIDS (P < 0.05), but less HIV/AIDS training when compared to PHC nurses (P < 0.001). HIV/AIDS knowledge was moderately adequate and associated with professional rank, frequency of care and training (P < 0.001). Attitudes towards patients with HIV/AIDS were mainly positive and were statistically significantly correlated with HIV/AIDS knowledge (P < 0.01) and training (P < 0.05). Three out of four nurses reported that they practised universal precautions (76.1%), but fear of occupational HIV transmission and lack of injection safety was found. Seven in 10 nurses reported previous needlestick injuries, but postexposure prophylaxis was not available in all healthcare facilities. Participants reported a higher workload because of HIV/AIDS, lack of training impacting negatively on their work, and stigma and shared confidentiality affecting them emotionally. CONCLUSION: There is a need for accelerated HIV/AIDS training of rural nurses and for wider implementation of universal precautions and postexposure prophylaxis availability in public health facilities in southern Africa.

Delobelle P; Rawlinson JL; Ntuli S; Malatsi I; Decock R; Depoorter AM

2009-05-01

313

Household attitudes and knowledge on drinking water enhance water hazards in peri-urban communities in Western Kenya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ensuring safe drinking water remains a big challenge in developing countries where waterborne diseases cause havoc in many communities. A major challenge is limited knowledge, misinformation and attitudes that work against ensuring that drinking water is safe. This study investigated the knowledge, attitudes and practices of peri-urban households in Kakamega Town of Western Kenya, concerning the collection, treatment and storage of drinking water. Alongside this we examined the role of solid waste disposal in water safety. Three hundred and seventy eight households from four residential regions of varying economic levels were randomly sampled in Kakamega Town. Data was collected via questionnaire interviews that incorporated attitude questions based on a Likert scale of 1?5, and administered to the households and key informants. The results showed most respondents were knowledgeable about ideal methods of water collection, treatment and storage. However, they did not practise them appropriately. Some attitudes among the respondents worked against the ideals of achieving safe drinking water. For instance, many households perceived their drinking water source as safe and did not treat it, even when obtained from open sources like rivers. Further, they preferred to store drinking water in clay pots, because the pots kept the water cold, rather than use the narrow-necked containers that limit exposure to contaminants. Also, hand washing with soap was not practised enough in their daily lives to avoid contact with waterborne hazards. We recommend that the government undertake training programmes on drinking water safety that advocate appropriate water use, hygiene and sanitation strategies.

Kimongu J. Kioko; John F. Obiri

2012-01-01

314

Gender differences in attitudes toward nuclear power: a multivariate explanation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in attitudes toward nuclear power and to discover what factors account for these differences. The marginality explanation for these differences suggest that women have less-favorable attitudes toward nuclear power because they are less concerned about energy supplies and economic growth and are less convinced of the benefits of nuclear power for society than are men. The irrationality explanation holds that women are less favorable toward nuclear power because they are less knowledgeable about this technology than are men. The lay-rationality explanation argues that people form attitudes toward nuclear power which are consistent with their relevant beliefs, attitudes and values; thus, this explanation suggests that women's unfavorable attitudes toward nuclear power stem from greater concern about environmental protection, exposing society to risk, and lower faith in science and technology. Data for this study were collected via a mail questionnaire administered to a state wide sample of Washington residents (n= 696).

1987-01-01

315

The Teacher Candidates’ Attitudes Towards Teaching of Evolution Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to evaluate of primary class and science teacher candidates’ attitudes towards teaching of evolution theory. A total of 236 students, 120 primary class teacher candidates and 116 primary science teacher candidates, volunteered to participate in the research. The data for the research were collected with a data-collection tool that included two parts as “Personal Information form” and “Teaching Evolution Theory Attitude Questionnaire (TETAQ)”. In the analysis of the data, a multivariate analysis (MANOVA) for more than two group comparisons were used. In this study result; The teacher candidates’ negative attitudes for lack proof evolution due to the teaching of evolution theory mean scores of teacher candidates were higher than the teacher candidates’ positive attitudes towards need to the teaching of evolution theory. According to this finding, It can be said that the teacher candidates are negative generally the attitudes towards teaching of evolution theory.

Mustafa Kahyao?lu

2013-01-01

316

Challenging patient safety culture: survey results  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to measure patient safety culture in five Belgian general hospitals. Safety culture plays an important role in the approach towards greater patient safety in hospitals. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The Patient Safety Culture Hospital questionnaire was distribute...

Hellings, Johan; Schrooten, Ward; Klazinga, Niek; Vleugels, Arthur

317

78 FR 59046 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form AGENCY...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form. OMB...and 4730SP, Federal Labor Standards Questionnaires, will be used by HUD and...

2013-09-25

318

Rural Students? Skills and Attitudes Towards Information and Communication Technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Despite various initiatives and programmes by the government to incorporate ICT in education, not much research has been done to evaluate the achievement of these initiatives and programmes, including ICT proficiency among students. This study fills in the gap of lack of current information pertaining to the Malaysian secondary school students? ICT competencies, knowledge on internet and attitudes toward computer technology. Approach: Data for this study has been gathered from a survey on 585 students in Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tengku Temenggung Ahmad (SMKTTA) in the rural district of Kundang Ulu, Johore. The specific area has been selected by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia under one of its community service projects.The instrument used was a questionnaire comprised of demographic variables and three other sub-scales. The sub-scales are software and hardware usage; motivation for self study and ICT usage competency and Internet usage and safety awareness. Results: Results show that generally, students have moderately positive attitudes toward ICT, have low to moderate level of ICT competencies and have limited knowledge on internet. Conclusion: Findings from this study have implications to the approach of teaching and learning of ICT subjects, their evaluation and assessment and future initiative related to ICT education and infrastructure development towards creating a well-connected society. It is recommended that schools provide enough facilities for students? hands-on experiences. Teachers should incorporate productive computing activities in their teaching such as using spreadsheet, database and programming, besides purposive web searching. Rural internet centres should also be established. Evaluation, monitoring and maintainance of ICT programs is a must to ensure their effectiveness and efficiency. The utmost end result would be the emergence of more ICT proficient personnel who will contribute to the development of the country.

Hairulliza M. Judi; Hazilah M. Amin; Nor A.M. Zin; Rodziah Latih

2011-01-01

319

Analysing lawyers’ attitude towards knowledge sharing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: The study examined and identified the factors that affect lawyers’ attitudes to knowledge sharing, and their knowledge sharing behaviour. Specifically, it investigated the relationship between the salient beliefs affecting the knowledge sharing attitude of lawyers’, and applied a modified version of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) in the knowledge sharing context, to predict how these factors affect their knowledge sharing behaviour.Method: A field survey of 273 lawyers was carried out, using questionnaire for data collection. Collected data on all variables were structured into grouped frequency distributions. Principal Component Factor Analysis was applied to reduce the constructs and Simple Regression was applied to test the hypotheses. These were tested at 0.05% level of significance.Results: Results showed that expected associations and contributions were the major determinants of lawyers’ attitudes towards knowledge sharing. Expected reward was not significantly related to lawyers’ attitudes towards knowledge sharing. A positive attitude towards knowledge sharing was found to lead to a positive intention to share knowledge, although a positive intention to share knowledge did not significantly predict a positive knowledge sharing behaviour. The level of Information Technology (IT) usage was also found to significantly affect the knowledge sharing behaviour of lawyers’.Conclusion: It was recommended that law firms in the study area should deploy more IT infrastructure and services that encourage effective knowledge sharing amongst lawyers. 

Wole M. Olatokun; Isioma N. Elueze

2012-01-01

320

Voting preferences and political attitudes in Vojvodina  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with political attitudes of voters in the Vojvodina region and some correlates of these attitudes. Sample was 302 people, all voters of either six of the parties currently in the Serbian parliament (DSS, SRS, SPS, G17+, DS or SPO), or three of the other major parties in Vojvodina (LSV, PSS or SVM). Instruments used were: political attitude scale, social dominance orientation scale (SDO), and a questionnaire dealing with several important issues, such as support for the integration of Serbia into European Union. Factor analysis extracted six factors at the political attitudes scale-antimilitarism, support for the better minority status in the society, support for the different social issues, openness to the world, liberalism and conservativism. All differences concerning the voters’ preferences were statistically significant (p < .01). Also, differences at the SDO scale also proved to be significant, as well as correlations between SDO scale and all of the political attitudes factors (correlation varied from .17 to .39). All of these correlations were negative, except for the SDO-conservativism scale. Another difference has been found at the perceived importance of different group identification. Groups were- person's ethnic group, Vojvodina, Serbia and Europe. Most important identification was with the Europe and the least one with the Serbia. Finally, more than 77% of the people in the sample said that they would vote “yes” at the Serbia joining the EU referendum.

Mihi? Vladimir

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Attitudes and personality related to salt intake.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A predominantly middle-class female sample of British adults completed questionnaires designed to estimate salt intake and to assess attitudes towards adding table salt to food, along with Cattell's 16PF personality inventory. The attitudes questions were based on the approach suggested by Fishbein and Ajzen, and proved to be good predictors of table salt use. The person's own feeling about table salt use was a better predictor than perceived pressure from other people. Beliefs about adding table salt were closely related to the person's attitude, but only beliefs about taste (not beliefs about health consequences) predicted usage. Beliefs about pressure from doctors and nutritionists/dietitians, but not family, were also related to usage. There was lower usage and more negative attitudes in respondents under 35 years old. Two of the second-order personality factors from the 16PF correlated with salt intake, but appeared to act through attitudes: tough poise (i.e. given to rapid action with insufficient thought) correlated positively with estimated table and cooking salt use; anxiety correlated positively with cooking use, with salt consumed in foods and with estimated total intake. The results suggest that any attempt to reduce salt intake might best be directed at satisfying taste, and not exclusively at augmenting anxiety about the health consequences of salt intake.

Shepherd R; Farleigh CA

1986-12-01

322

Modified Attitudes to Psychiatry Scale Created Using Principal-Components Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

|Objective: The Attitudes to Psychiatry Scale (APS) is a tool used to assess medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry. This study sought to examine the internal validity of the APS in order to identify dimensions within the questionnaire. Method: Using data collected from 549 medical students from India and Ghana, the authors analyzed 28…

Shankar, Rohit; Laugharne, Richard; Pritchard, Colin; Joshi, Pallavi; Dhar, Romika

2011-01-01

323

Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding School-Based Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

Pre-service teachers responded to two questionnaires regarding school violence, the Teachers' Attitudes about Bullying, and Trainee Teachers' Bullying Attitudes. Results suggest that teachers across all academic divisions view bullying as a serious concern important to their role within the profession. There were considerable differences regarding…

Craig, Katrina; Bell, David; Leschied, Alan

2011-01-01

324

The Influence of Self-Compassion on Academic Procrastination and Dysfunctional Attitudes  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, aims were (1) to determine gender differences in self-compassion, academic procrastination, and dysfunctional attitudes and (2) to examine the relationships between self-compassion, academic procrastination, and dysfunctional attitudes. Participants were 251 university students who completed a questionnaire package that…

Iskender, Murat

2011-01-01

325

Physicians' attitudes towards the computerization of clinical practice in Hong Kong: A population study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: To identify the prevailing attitudes among physicians to use of computers in the clinical setting and specifically those attitudes that may be associated with the adoption of computers in practice. Design: A self-completed, 20-question postal questionnaire sent to 4850 randomly selected p...

Johnston, JM; Leung, GM; Wong, JFK; Ho, LM; Fielding, R

326

Attitudes toward Cosmetic Surgery in Middle-Aged Women: Body Image, Aging Anxiety, and the Media  

Science.gov (United States)

Our study investigated factors that influence attitudes toward cosmetic surgery in middle-aged women. A sample of 108 women, aged between 35 and 55 years, completed questionnaire measures of body dissatisfaction, appearance investment, aging anxiety, media exposure (television and magazine), and attitudes toward cosmetic surgery (delineated in…

Slevec, Julie; Tiggemann, Marika

2010-01-01

327

Hospital doctors' attitudes towards older people.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Ageism among health professionals is increasingly recognized, but few studies investigated hospital doctors' attitudes towards older people. The aims of this study were to investigate hospital doctors' attitudes towards older people and to determine whether factors, which were identified in studies on other health professionals, influence hospital doctors' attitudes. METHODS: Hospital doctors who worked in General Medicine or Aged Care units in two tertiary public hospitals in metropolitan Victoria, Australia, in 2008 were surveyed with Fraboni's Scale of Ageism (FSA), a validated instrument used to investigate attitudes towards older people. Demographic data from participants were collected. RESULTS: Of the 235 questionnaires distributed, 122 were returned (overall response rate 51.9%). Response rate was highest among consultants (80.4%), followed by registrars (64.1%) and lowest among interns and residents (35.2%). The mean FSA score attained by the respondents was 61.5 (SD 11.0), representing a point between a neutral and a positive disposition. Doctors' characteristics that were associated with more positive attitudes towards older people included age of 30years or older (P < 0.001), female gender (P= 0.003), more senior in position (P < 0.001), postgraduate years of 10 or more (P < 0.001), previous working experience in Aged Care (P < 0.001), interest in Aged Care (P < 0.001) and more frequent social contacts with healthy older people (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Hospital doctors of different demographic features and background characteristics display different attitudes towards older people. These findings can be used to inform future development of undergraduate and postgraduate medical curricula and form a basis for future studies on the effectiveness of these interventions in improving doctors' attitudes.

Leung S; Logiudice D; Schwarz J; Brand C

2011-04-01

328

Current knowledge, attitudes and practices of expectant women toward routine sonography in pregnancy at Naguru health centre, Uganda  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Ultrasound has become a routine part of care for pregnant women in Uganda, being one of a range of techniques used in screening. However, it differs from most others because it allows women to view their babies. Routine obstetric sonography is now globally recognized as one of the ways through which maternal mortality can be reduced. This study aimed at finding out the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women towards prenatal sonography at Naguru Health Centre, Uganda. METHODS: Exploratory -descriptive study using interviewer-administered questionnaires. Thematic analysis was employed for qualitative data and bivariate, multivariate and logistic regression analysis was used for quantitative data. RESULTS: Three themes emerged; Knowledge, Attitude and Practices. Women’s knowledge, attitude and practices of obstetric sonography were influenced mainly by their biosocial factors like gravidity, education level and occupation. All women expressed concern that obstetric sonography could lead to cancer. CONCLUSION: Obstetric sonography is highly appreciated as being vital for antenatal care. However, there is need for mothers and health care providers to be well informed about the safety and specific purposes of obstetric sonography and what it can and cannot achieve.

Mubuuke Aloysius Gonzaga; Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde; Businge Francis; Byanyima Rosemary

2009-01-01

329

Management of safety culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The strengthening of safety culture in an organization has become an increasingly important issue for nuclear industry. A high level of safety performance is essential for business success in intensely competitive global environment. This presentation offers a discussion of some principles and activities used in enhancing safety performance and appropriate safety behaviour at the Krsko NPP. Over the years a number of events have occurred in nuclear industry that have involved problems in human performance. A review of these and other significant events has identified recurring weaknesses in plant safety culture and policy. Focusing attention on the strengthening of relevant processes can help plants avoid similar undesirable events. The policy of the Krsko NPP is that all employees concerned shall constantly be alert to opportunities to reduce risks to the lowest practicable level and to achieve excellence in plant safety. The most important objective is to protect individuals, society and the environment by establishing and maintaining an effective defense against radiological hazard in the nuclear power plant. It is achieved through the use of reliable structures, components, systems, and procedures, as well as plant personnel committed to a strong safety culture. The elements of safety culture include both organizational and individual aspects. Elements commonly included at the organizational level are senior management commitment to safety, organizational effectiveness, effective communication, organizational learning, and a culture that encourages identification and resolution of safety issues. Elements identified at the individual level include personal accountability, a questioning attitude, communication, procedural adherence, etc.(author)

2004-01-01

330

The Effects of a Safety Unit on Student Safety Knowledge and Behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Determined that an instructional unit on laboratory safety could increase student safety knowledge and reduce the number of unsafe behaviors. A list of unsafe behaviors which were observed with the 333 students is included. A recommendation that positive attitudes toward safety be developed is given. (DH)

Dombrowski, JoAnne Morgan; Hagelberg, Ray R.

1985-01-01

331

Analysis of safety culture components based on site interviews  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Safety culture of an organization is influenced by many factors such as employee's moral, safety policy of top management and questioning attitude among site staff. First this paper analyzes key factors of safety culture on the basis of site interviews. Then the paper presents a safety culture composite model and its applicability in various contexts. (author)

2002-01-01

332

Measuring through questionnaires : Rasch analysis as a tool for keeping the same meaning across different patients  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Whole-person variables may describe behaviours, perceptions, knowledges, attitudes. These are the outcomes of the most various health-care interventions. Such variables can only be observed through samples of representatives behaviours (items in questionnaires). The amount of the variables is usuall...

TESIO, LUIGI

333

A total safety management model  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In nuclear organizations, quality and safety are inextricably linked. Therefore, the search for excellence means reaching excellence in nuclear safety. The International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, developed, after the Chernobyl accident, the organizational approach for improving nuclear safety based on the safety culture, which requires a framework necessary to provide modifications in personnel attitudes and behaviors in situations related to safety. This work presents a Total Safety Management Model, based on the Model of Excellence of the Brazilian Quality Award and on the safety culture approach, which represents an alternative to this framework. The Model is currently under validation at the Nuclear Engineering Institute, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the results of its initial safety culture self assessment are also presented and discussed. (author)

2002-01-01

334

Exploration of factors associated with social worker attitudes toward suicide.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Social workers are expected to play important roles in suicide intervention. Caregiving behaviours of medical personnel to suicidal individuals have been reported to be influenced by their own attitudes toward suicide. In this context, only a limited number of studies have examined social workers' attitudes toward suicide. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore associations between personal or occupational factors of social workers and their attitudes toward suicide. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to 2,999 study participants registered with the Tokyo chapter of the Japanese Association of Certified Social Workers. We adopted the Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale (ATTS) to measure attitudes toward suicide. MANCOVA was used to test for the effects of demographic, personal and occupational factors on ATTS sub-scale scores. RESULTS: Participants with a history of suicidal thoughts had stronger attitudes regarding the right to suicide than those with no history; these attitudes were not affected by a history of participating in suicide-prevention training. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that suicide education should incorporate programmes directed at altering permissive attitudes toward suicide.

Kodaka M; Inagaki M; Poštuvan V; Yamada M

2013-08-01

335

Relation of attitude toward body elimination to parenting style and attitude toward the body.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose was to estimate the relation of attitude toward body elimination in 93 college students (27 men and 66 women), to authoritarian personality features, participants' perception of their mothers' parenting style, and attitudes toward cleanliness, sex, and family nudity. Subjects were administered the Body Elimination Attitude Scale, the Four-item F Scale, the Parental Authority Questionnaire Pertaining to Mothers, and the items "Sex is dirty," "Cleanliness is next to godliness," and "Children should never see other family members nude." Larger scores for disgust toward body elimination were associated with authoritarian personality characteristics, being less likely to describe mother's parenting style as authoritative (open communication) and more likely to describe it as authoritarian and lower scores for tolerance for family nudity. Implications for further research were suggested.

Corgiat CA; Templer DI

2003-04-01

336

PROBLEM SOLVING ASSESSMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL: ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS' ATTITUDE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Study investigated the attitude of students towards Problem Solving Assessment. Descriptive research design of the survey type was used. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A total of 200 secondary school students were selected through stratified random sampling technique. Avalidated questionnaire vetted by experts in measurement and research was used as an instrument for data collection. Independent t-test statistic was used for data analysis. The study revealed that students' attitude towards Attitude of Problem Solving Assessment were significantly positive; that gender and school location significantly influenced students' attitude towards Attitude of Problem Solving Assessment . The results further revealed that there are significant differences between attitude of male and female students in rural and urban schools towards Attitude of Problem Solving Assessment Based on these findings, the researchers recommended that school education board should open well equipped teaching with problem solving assessment in both urban and rural schools .

PRASHANT THOTE; D.P. S RATHOURE

2013-01-01

337

[The effect of senior simulation on nurses' attitude toward the elderly].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: This study was performed to explore the effect of senior simulation on nurses' attitudes toward the elderly. METHOD: Twenty-seven nurses working in various settings such as acute hospitals, community health centers, geriatric hospitals, and clinics were recruited. Among them, 25 subjects completed the whole experimental protocol. Aging Semantic Differential Scaling was utilized to evaluate attitudes toward the elderly and 'Suit for Experiencing Being Aged' from the Sakamoto Model was provided for the experiment. Before and after the experiment subjects filled out questionnaires. RESULT: Attitude score before experiment was 4.36, which indicates neutral attitude. Objective attitude scores were not different significantly after experiment. However subjective statements indicated attitude changes in a positive way. CONCLUSION: Senior simulation can affect nurses' attitude toward elderly in subjective way. That is, nurses became more empathetic and understanding to elderly's physical limitations and felt more initiative nursing approach were needed in caring elderly.

Yu SJ; Kim SM; Lee YJ

2004-10-01

338

Human factors questionnaire as a tool for risk assessment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The human factors engineering (HFE) as a discipline, and as a process, seeks to discover and to apply knowledge about human capabilities and limitations to system and equipment design, ensuring that the system design, human tasks and work environment are compatible with the sensory, perceptual, cognitive and physical attributes of the personnel who operates systems and equipment. Risk significance considers the magnitude of the consequences (loss of life, material damage, environmental degradation) and the frequency of occurrence of a particular adverse event. The questionnaire design was based on the following definitions: the score and the classification of the nuclear safety risk. The principal benefit of applying an approach based on the risk significance in the development of the questionnaire is to ensure the identification and evaluation of the features of the projects, related to human factors, which affect the nuclear safety risk, the human actions and the safety of the nuclear plant systems. The human factors questionnaire developed in this study will provide valuable support for risk assessment, making possible the identification of design problems that can influence the evaluation of the nuclear safety risk. (author)

2009-10-02

339

Human factors questionnaire as a tool for risk assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The human factors engineering (HFE) as a discipline, and as a process, seeks to discover and to apply knowledge about human capabilities and limitations to system and equipment design, ensuring that the system design, human tasks and work environment are compatible with the sensory, perceptual, cognitive and physical attributes of the personnel who operates systems and equipment. Risk significance considers the magnitude of the consequences (loss of life, material damage, environmental degradation) and the frequency of occurrence of a particular adverse event. The questionnaire design was based on the following definitions: the score and the classification of the nuclear safety risk. The principal benefit of applying an approach based on the risk significance in the development of the questionnaire is to ensure the identification and evaluation of the features of the projects, related to human factors, which affect the nuclear safety risk, the human actions and the safety of the nuclear plant systems. The human factors questionnaire developed in this study will provide valuable support for risk assessment, making possible the identification of design problems that can influence the evaluation of the nuclear safety risk. (author)

Santos, Isaac J.A.L.; Grecco, Claudio H.S.; Carvalho, Paulo V.R.; Mol, Antonio C.A.; Oliveira, Mauro V.; Augusto, Silas C. [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN-CNEN/RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Div. de Instrumentacao e Confiabilidade Humana], e-mail: luquetti@ien.gov.br, e-mail: grecco@ien.gov.br, e-mail: paulov@ien.gov.br, e-mail: mol@ien.gov.br, e-mail: mvitor@ien.gov.br, e-mail: silas@ien.gov.br

2009-07-01

340

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: transplantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire (NQQ) has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, to those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include transplantation issues. These cases, along with single best answer questions, were prepared by Dr. Hricik. After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers were then briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-that of the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22595824

Hricik, Donald E; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-17

 
 
 
 
341

ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES-QUESTIONNAIRE  

CERN Document Server

ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz tel. 73127 academic.training@cern.ch SUGGEST AND WIN! Its time to plan the 2004-2005 lecture series. From today until March 19 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lecture Series. At the web site: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

Françoise Benz

2004-01-01

342

QUESTIONNAIRES PRETESTING IN MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designing the perfect survey questionnaire is impossible. However, researchers can still create an effective research. To make your questionnaire effective, it is necessary to pretest it before actually using it. The following paper reveals some general guidelines on pretesting and what to do for a more effective marketing research giving the fact that the existing literature highlights the importance and indispensability of pretesting and on the other hand, does not provide sufficient information in terms of methodology about it. Also, we have tried to explain the importance of questionnaires pretesting before applying them in order to obtain the best results in marketing research and we’ve kept in mind that high quality in this domain means using new tools and improving the existing ones if one searches for efficient results.

ALINA-MIHAELA BABONEA; MIRELA-CRISTINA VOICU

2011-01-01

343

Patient preferences in the choice of anti-TNF therapies in rheumatoid arthritis. Results from a questionnaire survey (RIVIERA study).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of anti-TNF-naive patients' preferences for the route of administration of anti-TNF agents. METHODS: The study was carried out in 50 Italian rheumatology centres (802 patients). All patients completed a 31-item questionnaire addressing their perceptions of current treatment and the preferences for treatment with anti-TNF agents. Statistical methods included analysis of variance (ANOVA), t-test and chi-square test. RESULTS: The response rate to the questionnaire was 97.6%. At the time of the survey, 310 (39.9%) patients were dissatisfied with current treatments, owing to inefficacy, side effects and inconvenience of administration. The i.v. and s.c. routes of administration were preferred by 50.2 and 49.8%, respectively. No significant difference was found in patients by