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Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire  

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Abstract Background Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C). Hospitals and their healthcare workers pa...

Lee Wui-Chiang; Wung Hwei-Ying; Liao Hsun-Hsiang; Lo Chien-Ming; Chang Fei-Ling; Wang Pa-Chun; Fan Angela; Chen Hsin-Hsin; Yang Han-Chuan; Hou Sheng-Mou

2010-01-01

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Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C. Hospitals and their healthcare workers participated in the survey on a voluntary basis. The psychometric properties of the five SAQ-C dimensions were examined, including teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions. Additional safety measures were asked to assess healthcare workers' attitudes toward their collaboration with nurses, physicians, and pharmacists, respectively, and perceptions of hospitals' encouragement of safety reporting, safety training, and delivery delays due to communication breakdowns in clinical areas. The associations between the respondents' attitudes to each SAQ-C dimension and safety measures were analyzed by generalized estimating equations, adjusting for the clustering effects at hospital levels. Results A total of 45,242 valid questionnaires were returned from 200 hospitals with a mean response rate of 69.4%. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.792 for teamwork climate, 0.816 for safety climate, 0.912 for job satisfaction, 0.874 for perception of management, and 0.785 for working conditions. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated a good model fit for each dimension and the entire construct. The percentage of hospital healthcare workers holding positive attitude was 48.9% for teamwork climate, 45.2% for perception of management, 42.1% for job satisfaction, 37.2% for safety climate, and 31.8% for working conditions. There were wide variations in the range of SAQ-C scores in each dimension among hospitals. Compared to those without positive attitudes, healthcare workers with positive attitudes to each SAQ dimension were more likely to perceive good collaboration with coworkers, and their hospitals were more likely to encourage safety reporting and to prioritize safety training programs (Wald chi-square test, p Conclusions Analytical results verified the psychometric properties of the SAQ-C at Taiwanese hospitals. The safety culture at most hospitals has not fully developed and there is considerable room for improvement.

Lee Wui-Chiang

2010-08-01

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The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture. Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Methods Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843 in 203 clinical areas (including critical care units, operating rooms, inpatient settings, and ambulatory clinics in three countries (USA, UK, New Zealand. Multilevel factor analyses yielded results at the clinical area level and the respondent nested within clinical area level. We report scale reliability, floor/ceiling effects, item factor loadings, inter-factor correlations, and percentage of respondents who agree with each item and scale. Results A six factor model of provider attitudes fit to the data at both the clinical area and respondent nested within clinical area levels. The factors were: Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Perceptions of Management, Job Satisfaction, Working Conditions, and Stress Recognition. Scale reliability was 0.9. Provider attitudes varied greatly both within and among organizations. Results are presented to allow benchmarking among organizations and emerging research is discussed. Conclusion The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire demonstrated good psychometric properties. Healthcare organizations can use the survey to measure caregiver attitudes about six patient safety-related domains, to compare themselves with other organizations, to prompt interventions to improve safety attitudes and to measure the effectiveness of these interventions.

Boyden James

2006-04-01

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Safety Culture in the Maternity Units: a census survey using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient safety has been a priority for many societies and health care systems in the last decades. Identification of preventable risks and aversion of potentially unsafe situations and fatal complications in maternity units is life saving. The explicit need to focus on quality of care underpins the aim of the study to initially evaluate the safety culture and teamwork climate in the public Maternity Units of the 5 Regional Hospitals in Cyprus as measured by a validated safety attitudes tool. Methods Data were collected from 140 midwives working in the public sector all over Cyprus by the Greek Version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-Labor version. Results One hundred and six (75.71% registered midwives completed the questionnaire fully. The median of total work experience as a registered midwife was 3 years (IQR: 2-18.25; whereas the median of total working experience in the nursing and maternity units was 5 years (IQR: 2-21.75. Experienced midwives rated the following domains higher: team work, safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the midwives with less experience. Additionally those with a longer working life in the current maternity units rated these domains higher: safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the less experienced midwives. Conclusions The high mean total score on team work and safety climate in the more experienced group of midwives is a predominant finding for the maternity units of Cyprus. In Cyprus where facilities are small in size and midwives know each other, share more responsibility towards patient safety. It could be suggested that younger midwives need more support and teamwork practice to enhance the safety and teamwork climate towards self-confidence.

Savva Nicos

2011-09-01

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Swedish translation and psychometric testing of the safety attitudes questionnaire (operating room version)  

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Background: Tens of millions of patients worldwide suffer from avoidable disabling injuries and death every year. Measuring the safety climate in health care is an important step in improving patient safety. The most commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The aim of the present study was to establish the validity and reliability of the translated version of the SAQ. Methods: The SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context. The...

Goras, Camilla; Wallentin, Fan Yang; Nilsson, Ulrica; Ehrenberg, Anna

2013-01-01

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Swedish translation and psychometric testingof the safety attitudes questionnaire (operating room version)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background Tens of millions of patients worldwide suffer from avoidable disabling injuries and death every year. Measuring the safety climate in health care is an important step in improving patient safety. The most commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The aim of the present study was to establish the validity and reliability of the translated version of the SAQ. Methods The SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context. The s...

Go?ras, Camilla; Yang-wallentin, Fan; Ehrenberg, Anna; Nilsson, Ulrica

2013-01-01

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Assessing safety culture in pharmacies : the psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Safety culture assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire; SAQ. This study presents the validation of the SAQ for use in Swedish pharmacies. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented

Nordén-Hägg, Annika; Sexton, J Bryan

2010-01-01

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Safety Culture in the Maternity Units: a census survey using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Patient safety has been a priority for many societies and health care systems in the last decades. Identification of preventable risks and aversion of potentially unsafe situations and fatal complications in maternity units is life saving. The explicit need to focus on quality of care underpins the aim of the study to initially evaluate the safety culture and teamwork climate in the public Maternity Units of the 5 Regional Hospitals in Cyprus as measured b...

Raftopoulos Vasilios; Savva Nicos; Papadopoulou Maria

2011-01-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil Cuestionario de actitudes de seguridad: adaptación transcultural del Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para Brasil Questionário Atitudes de Segurança: adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil. The instrument was applied in six hospitals in three regions of Brazil. Content, face, and construct validity was performed. Analysis of the instrument's reliability was performed by verifying the items' internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha. The sample was composed of 1301 professionals working in clinical and surgical wards of six hospitals. Conf...

2012-01-01

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Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ, Generic version (Short Form 2006  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background How to protect patients from harm is a question of universal interest. Measuring and improving safety culture in care giving units is an important strategy for promoting a safe environment for patients. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ is the only instrument that measures safety culture in a way which correlates with patient outcome. We have translated the SAQ to Norwegian and validated the translated version. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented in this article. Methods The questionnaire was translated with the back translation technique and tested in 47 clinical units in a Norwegian university hospital. SAQ's (the Generic version (Short Form 2006 the version with the two sets of questions on perceptions of management: on unit management and on hospital management were distributed to 1911 frontline staff. 762 were distributed during unit meetings and 1149 through the postal system. Cronbach alphas, item-to-own correlations, and test-retest correlations were calculated, and response distribution analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed, as well as early validity tests. Results 1306 staff members completed and returned the questionnaire: a response rate of 68%. Questionnaire acceptability was good. The reliability measures were acceptable. The factor structure of the responses was tested by confirmatory factor analysis. 36 items were ascribed to seven underlying factors: Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Stress Recognition, Perceptions of Hospital Management, Perceptions of Unit Management, Working conditions, and Job satisfaction. Goodness-of-Fit Indices showed reasonable, but not indisputable, model fit. External validity indicators – recognizability of results, correlations with "trigger tool"-identified adverse events, with patient satisfaction with hospitalization, patient reports of possible maltreatment, and patient evaluation of organization of hospital work – provided preliminary validation. Conclusion Based on the data from Akershus University Hospital, we conclude that the Norwegian translation of the SAQ showed satisfactory internal psychometric properties. With data from one hospital only, we cannot draw strong conclusions on its external validity. Further validation studies linking the SAQ-scores to patient outcome data should be performed.

Hofoss Dag

2008-09-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil Cuestionario de actitudes de seguridad: adaptación transcultural del Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para Brasil Questionário Atitudes de Segurança: adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil. The instrument was applied in six hospitals in three regions of Brazil. Content, face, and construct validity was performed. Analysis of the instrument's reliability was performed by verifying the items' internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha. The sample was composed of 1301 professionals working in clinical and surgical wards of six hospitals. Confirmatory analysis showed that the model including 41 items was satisfactory. The Portuguese version presented an alpha of 0.89. The item-total correlations among the domains were moderate to strong, except for the domain Stress Recognition. We concluded that the instrument's version adapted to Portuguese and applied in our sample is valid and reliable.El objetivo de este estudio fue el de adaptación transcultural del cuestionario Actitudes de Seguridad - Short Form 2006 para Brasil. Métodos: El instrumento fue aplicado en seis hospitales en tres regiones del Brasil. Se realizó la validez de contenido, la cara y la construcción. El análisis de confiabilidad del instrumento se realizó mediante el análisis de la consistencia interna de los ítems a través de alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: La muestra del estudio fue compuesto por 1.301 profesionales en salas clínicas y cirugía. El análisis confirmatorio mostró que el ajuste del modelo final de los 41 ítems fue satisfactorio. La versión en portugués del instrumento mostró un alfa de 0,89. Las correlaciones ítem-total entre los dominios se consideran entre moderados y fuertes, con la excepción de dominio Percepción del Estrés. Conclusión: Se concluye, que la versión adaptada del instrumento al portugués se considera válida y fiable en la muestra.O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar a adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil. O instrumento foi aplicado em seis hospitais de três Regiões do Brasil. Foi realizada a validade de conteúdo, face e de construto. A análise da confiabilidade do instrumento foi realizada por meio da análise da consistência interna dos itens por meio do alfa de Cronbach. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 1.301 profissionais das enfermarias clínicas e cirúrgicas de seis hospitais. A análise confirmatória mostrou que o ajuste do modelo final dos 41 itens foi considerado satisfatório. Aversão do instrumento em Português apresentou alfa de 0,89. As correlações item/total entre os domínios foram consideradas de moderada a forte, com exceção do domínio percepção do estresse. Conclui-se, portanto, que a versão do instrumento adaptada para o Português é considerada válida e confiável nesta amostra.

Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de Carvalho

2012-06-01

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Assessing Safety Culture in Pharmacies: The psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Safety culture assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire; SAQ. This study presents the validation of the SAQ for use in Swedish pharmacies. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented Methods The original English language version of the SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context and distributed by e-mail. The survey was carried out on a national basis, covering all 870 Swedish community pharmacies. In total, 7,244 questionnaires were distributed. Scale psychometrics were analysed using Cronbach alphas and intercorrelations among the scales. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was conducted. Results SAQ data from 828 community pharmacies in Sweden, including 4,090 (60.22% pharmacy personnel out of 6,683 eligible respondents, were received. There were 252 (28.97% pharmacies that met the inclusion criteria of having at least 5 respondents and a minimum response rate of 60% within that pharmacy. The coefficient alpha value for each of the SAQ scales ranged from .72 to .89. The internal consistency results, in conjunction with the confirmatory factor analysis results, demonstrate that the Swedish translation of the SAQ has acceptable to good psychometric properties. Perceptions of the pharmacy (Teamwork Climate, Job Satisfaction, Perceptions of Management, Safety Climate, and Working Conditions were moderately to highly correlated with one another whereas attitudes about stress (Stress Recognition had only low correlations with other factors. Perceptions of management showed the most variability across pharmacies (SD = 26.66, whereas Stress Recognition showed the least (SD = 18.58. There was substantial variability ranging from 0% to 100% in the percent of positive scores for each of the factors across the 252 pharmacies. Conclusions The Swedish translation of the SAQ demonstrates acceptable construct validity, for capturing the frontline perspective of safety culture of community pharmacy staff. The psychometric results reported here met or exceeded standard guidelines, which is consistent with previous studies using the SAQ in other healthcare settings and other languages.

Kälvemark-Sporrong Sofia

2010-04-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil / Cuestionario de actitudes de seguridad: adaptación transcultural del Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para Brasil / Questionário Atitudes de Segurança: adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar a adaptação transcultural do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 para o Brasil. O instrumento foi aplicado em seis hospitais de três Regiões do Brasil. Foi realizada a validade de conteúdo, face e de construto. A análise da confiabilidade do instrume [...] nto foi realizada por meio da análise da consistência interna dos itens por meio do alfa de Cronbach. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 1.301 profissionais das enfermarias clínicas e cirúrgicas de seis hospitais. A análise confirmatória mostrou que o ajuste do modelo final dos 41 itens foi considerado satisfatório. Aversão do instrumento em Português apresentou alfa de 0,89. As correlações item/total entre os domínios foram consideradas de moderada a forte, com exceção do domínio percepção do estresse. Conclui-se, portanto, que a versão do instrumento adaptada para o Português é considerada válida e confiável nesta amostra. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue el de adaptación transcultural del cuestionario Actitudes de Seguridad - Short Form 2006 para Brasil. Métodos: El instrumento fue aplicado en seis hospitales en tres regiones del Brasil. Se realizó la validez de contenido, la cara y la construcción. El análisis de con [...] fiabilidad del instrumento se realizó mediante el análisis de la consistencia interna de los ítems a través de alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: La muestra del estudio fue compuesto por 1.301 profesionales en salas clínicas y cirugía. El análisis confirmatorio mostró que el ajuste del modelo final de los 41 ítems fue satisfactorio. La versión en portugués del instrumento mostró un alfa de 0,89. Las correlaciones ítem-total entre los dominios se consideran entre moderados y fuertes, con la excepción de dominio Percepción del Estrés. Conclusión: Se concluye, que la versión adaptada del instrumento al portugués se considera válida y fiable en la muestra. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 for Brazil. The instrument was applied in six hospitals in three regions of Brazil. Content, face, and construct validity was performed. Analysis of the instrument's reliabi [...] lity was performed by verifying the items' internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha. The sample was composed of 1301 professionals working in clinical and surgical wards of six hospitals. Confirmatory analysis showed that the model including 41 items was satisfactory. The Portuguese version presented an alpha of 0.89. The item-total correlations among the domains were moderate to strong, except for the domain Stress Recognition. We concluded that the instrument's version adapted to Portuguese and applied in our sample is valid and reliable.

Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de, Carvalho; Silvia Helena De Bortoli, Cassiani.

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Trend Analysis of HANARO Safety Culture Attitude  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

HANARO has emphasized and implemented a safety culture as one of the safety management activities for the reactor operation and utilization. A survey in a nuclear plant is a good method to understand the safety culture attitude. The questionnaire for a survey was developed based on IAEA documents in 2008. During the last 2 years the survey was conducted two times for the personnel of the reactor and subsidiary facilities. This paper summarizes 2008 and 2010 survey results and analyzes the trend of a safety culture attitude

Wu, Jong Sup; Byun, Sang Min; Jung, Hoan Sung [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2010-10-15

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Trend Analysis of HANARO Safety Culture Attitude  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

HANARO has emphasized and implemented a safety culture as one of the safety management activities for the reactor operation and utilization. A survey in a nuclear plant is a good method to understand the safety culture attitude. The questionnaire for a survey was developed based on IAEA documents in 2008. During the last 2 years the survey was conducted two times for the personnel of the reactor and subsidiary facilities. This paper summarizes 2008 and 2010 survey results and analyzes the trend of a safety culture attitude

2010-10-01

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The Effect of Safety Culture Education on Improvement of Managers’ Attitudes towards Patients' Safety  

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Background & Objectives: Medical errors have turned into a major problem in health sector. The goal of this study was to measure attitudes of managers towards patients' safety before and after the Safety Culture educational course in an educational hospital of Tehran.Methods: This research is of semi-empirical type and some data have been accumulated using retrospective approach in 2011. Safety attitude questionnaire (SAQ) was applied for data collection. Sampling in this study was done using...

2012-01-01

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Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism  

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Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism.Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%. The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9; (c nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27; and (d eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8. A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively.Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035. The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66, 24.12 (SD=2.99, and 0.66 (SD=1.15 respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005 and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001.Conclusions: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

M Mirfakhraei

2012-11-01

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The Effect of Safety Culture Education on Improvement of Managers’ Attitudes towards Patients' Safety  

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Full Text Available Background & Objectives: Medical errors have turned into a major problem in health sector. The goal of this study was to measure attitudes of managers towards patients' safety before and after the Safety Culture educational course in an educational hospital of Tehran.Methods: This research is of semi-empirical type and some data have been accumulated using retrospective approach in 2011. Safety attitude questionnaire (SAQ was applied for data collection. Sampling in this study was done using census method and included all managers of the educational hospital.Results: This study provided strong evidence to some improvement in the managers' positive attitudes to patient safety before and after safety culture education in the dimensions, as follows: teamwork climate (from 76.4% to 97.3%, safety climate (from 60% to 96.4%, job satisfaction (from 69.1% to 99.1%, stress recognition (from 20.9% to 27.3%, management perception (from 44.5% to 88.2%, and work conditions (from 59.1% to 84.5%. Some statistically significant differences were seen in the positive attitudes to safety culture before and after education in all of dimensions.Conclusion: Education has positive effect on improvement of managers' attitudes towards safety culture. The finding of this study can act as a motivating proof to the health centers to provide safety culture courses in their respective hospitals.

Leila Azimi

2012-03-01

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Effectiveness of a Safety Training Course in Changing Employees Attitude Toward Safety Issues and its Dimensions: A Pathological Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Aim: Millions of occupational accidents and disease cases are reported from work places annually causing considerable human and financial damages. Safety training is globally considered the best strategy to mitigate these damages. In this project a safety attitude questionnaire was used to obtain the required information. The questionnaire contained items about 13 relevant variables: job conscientiousness, fatalism, leadership, safety consciousness, role overload, work pressure...

2011-01-01

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The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire: Mokken Scaling Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Hierarchical scales are useful in understanding the structure of underlying latent traits in many questionnaires. The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) explored the attitudes to ageing of older people themselves, and originally described three distinct subscales: (1) Psychosocial Loss (2) Physical Change and (3) Psychological Growth. This study aimed to use Mokken analysis, a method of Item Response Theory, to test for hierarchies within the AAQ and to explore how these relate to underlying latent traits. Methods Participants in a longitudinal cohort study, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936, completed a cross-sectional postal survey. Data from 802 participants were analysed using Mokken Scaling analysis. These results were compared with factor analysis using exploratory structural equation modelling. Results Participants were 51.6% male, mean age 74.0 years (SD 0.28). Three scales were identified from 18 of the 24 items: two weak Mokken scales and one moderate Mokken scale. (1) ‘Vitality’ contained a combination of items from all three previously determined factors of the AAQ, with a hierarchy from physical to psychosocial; (2) ‘Legacy’ contained items exclusively from the Psychological Growth scale, with a hierarchy from individual contributions to passing things on; (3) ‘Exclusion’ contained items from the Psychosocial Loss scale, with a hierarchy from general to specific instances. All of the scales were reliable and statistically significant with ‘Legacy’ showing invariant item ordering. The scales correlate as expected with personality, anxiety and depression. Exploratory SEM mostly confirmed the original factor structure. Conclusions The concurrent use of factor analysis and Mokken scaling provides additional information about the AAQ. The previously-described factor structure is mostly confirmed. Mokken scaling identifies a new factor relating to vitality, and a hierarchy of responses within three separate scales, referring to vitality, legacy and exclusion. This shows what older people themselves consider important regarding their own ageing.

Shenkin, Susan D.; Watson, Roger; Laidlaw, Ken; Starr, John M.; Deary, Ian J.

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Analysis of the survey results for the safety culture attitudes of HANARO management division staff  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report provides the that analysis results of the surveys on the safety culture attitude and related topics for the HANARO Management Division staff. The survey form consisted of the questionnaire on the safety culture attitude, happiness and life style, drinking habit and traffic safety attitude. The key information drawn from the analysis are as follow; First, the level of safety culture attitude of the staff was confirmed and it was found that the attitude improved when the present analysis results were compared with them for the survey in 1998. Second, the degree of happiness that the staff feel is higher than the average Korean and they enjoy more leisure time than the average Korean. Third, the staff drink more alcohol than the average Korean. Thus, the drinking habit must be improved for the health of the staff. Fourth, the questionnaire of the happiness and the traffic safety attitude should be improved to verify the hypotheses on the relation between them and the safety culture attitude

2003-01-01

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Development and Initial Psychometric Assessment of the Plant Attitude Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Plants are integral parts of ecosystems which determine life on Earth. People's attitudes toward them are however, largely overlooked. Here we present initial psychometric assessment of self-constructed Plant Attitude Scale (PAS) that was administered to a sample of 310 Slovakian students living in rural areas aged 10-15 years. The final version…

Fancovicova, Jana; Prokop, Pavol

2010-01-01

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Influence of Education on Patient Safety: The Nurses’ Attitude Improvement Perspective  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Medical Errors and adverse events have recently turned into one of the predominant concerns of health-policy makers and health services providers. Promoting safety culture is fundamental to sustainable safety improvement in healthcare settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of training on nurses’ attitudes towards safety culture.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over the period of April to September 2011. The nursing staff in Shahid Modarres Hospital were invited to participate in the study (n = 143. A Persian version of Safety Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ was developed and used for measuring safety culture. To evaluate the effect of training on nurses’ safety attitudes, the safety culture survey was carried out twice on the sample, ones before training and once after training and the results were compared. The training course contained material on causes of failure in safety systems, harms due to unsafe medical conditions and their outcomes, and concepts and dimensions of safety culture. The second safety culture measurement was carried out three months after the end of the training course. The results of the two evaluations were compared using analytical statistics.Findings: Significant improvement in nurse attitudes towards most safety culture dimensions was observed after training. While the highest improved dimension was Perception of Management (43.3%, Stress Recognition showed the lowest increase (7% following the training. The training was found to enhance the average nurses’ safety attitudes by 44%. Meanwhile, the results of path analysis showed a similar pattern of interrelations between safety attitude dimensions and overall measure of safety culture before and after training.Conclusions: Training is an effective strategy for improving nurse attitudes towards safety.

Leila Azimi

2012-09-01

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The role of attitudes in the safety culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The UK Advisory Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations has recently published a comprehensive review of the organisational variables shown by research to be associated with strong safety cultures. A pervasive theme is that favourable attitudes towards, for example, the safety regulations, line management of safety, risk taking, team working, job satisfaction etc. are quintessential features of a healthy safety culture. An attitude is a relatively enduring predisposition to behave safely in a very wide range of situations. This paper reports an extensive empirical study in support of this argument. It is claimed that what we need to do, now that so many potential accidents have been engineered out of the system, is to address the hearts and minds of the workforce. It is the diffuse inefficiencies, mistakes, lapses and violations on the part of management and workers that now lie behind the large majority of remaining accidents. The study was carried out in the Sellafield nuclear reprocessing plant. A series of focus groups was held with all levels of the workforce in order to elicit the main issues and concerns affecting safety at the plant. These were incorporated in a draft questionnaire that was piloted on a representative sample. The final version included 172 statements covering every aspect of safety, with which respondents were invited to agree or disagree on a 7-point scale. The questionnaire was designed to be answerable, in the same form, by employees at every level in the organisation. A final sample of 5,297 was obtained, about 85% of the workforce. Principal components analysis resulted in 1 9 subscales. The most critical finding relates to the validation of these sub-scales. It was found that 17 of the attitudes discriminate, at high levels of significance, between those who have had an accident at some time while working at the plant and those who have not. Further analysis reveals differences between departments, shift versus day workers, 'active area' workers versus others, length of service, age, gender, type of work and level. (author)

1995-04-01

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The "School Safety & Security Questionnaire": Middle Grades Students' Perceptions of Safety at School  

Science.gov (United States)

This study presents the development and basic psychometric characteristics of the "School Safety and Security Questionnaire" (SSSQ). This new measure was constructed to assess middle grade students' perceptions of safety and security during the school year. The content validity of the theoretically-based instrument was assessed and the measure was…

Miller, Janice Williams; Nickell, Linda K.

2008-01-01

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CONSTRUCTION AND STANDARDIZATION AF A SEX KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE QUESTIONNAIRE (SKAQ), IN SIMPLE HINDI, FOR NORTH INDIAN POPULATION.  

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A self-administered questionnaire (SKAQ) in simple Hindi was constructed and standardized for assessing the knowledge and attitude of a north Indian population towards sex. SKAQ is a 55- item questionnaire split into two parts: a 35-item knowledge-part with dichotomous choice of responses and a 20-item attitude-part scorable on 3-point Likert scale. Higher scores indicated a better knowledge and a liberal attitude. Its test-retest reliability was established and discriminant validity demonstr...

Avasthi, Ajit K.; Varma, Vijoy K.; Nehra, Ritu; Das, Karobi

1992-01-01

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Injury control in childhood: Family’s attitude and safety counseling  

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Aim: This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and attitudes of mothers of injured children on potential risks of injury and injury prevention followed by individual safety counseling. Material and Method: The data were collected by a questionnaire from children between 0 and 14 years of age admitted to The Trauma and Emergency Surgery Unit with acute injury, and their families (Grup 1), and children with the same age and sex, followed at The Outpatient Clinic, Department of Pedi...

2008-01-01

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Risk Perception, Knowledge and Safety Attitude and Hearing Protector Use in Petrochemical Industry Workers  

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Background and Aim: Hearing protectors (HP) are widely employed as the only measure against noise exposure. However, it is well known that unless do workers wear HP continuously, its efficacy will be very low. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of risk perception, knowledge and safety attitude on hearing protection use in petrochemical industry's workers.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study a structural questionnaire was administrated to 236 randomly se...

2008-01-01

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The Spanos Attitudes Toward Hypnosis Questionnaire: psychometric characteristics and normative data.  

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The Attitudes Toward Hypnosis Questionnaire (ATHQ) is a 14-item, self-report measure of positive versus negative attitudes about hypnosis. It is composed of three subscales identified via factor analysis: Positive Beliefs, Fearlessness, and Mental Stability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the generalizability of the original factor structure of the ATHQ and to provide normative data based on a large sample of 925 introductory psychology students. Internal consistency analysis and factor analysis did not support the scale's original factor structure. Accordingly, it is recommended that the subscales be abandoned and that the 14 items of the ATHQ be utilized as a unidimensional scale. Although attitudes toward hypnosis have been described as an important determinant of hypnotic responding, there has been very little research evaluating this association. If employed as a unidimensional scale, the ATHQ could be a very useful tool in future studies on this topic. PMID:22443023

Milling, Leonard S

2012-01-01

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Body image during pregnancy: an evaluation of the suitability of the body attitudes questionnaire  

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Abstract Background Available data suggest that body dissatisfaction is common during pregnancy and may even be a precursor to post-natal depression. However, in order to accurately identify at-risk women, it is essential to first establish that body image measures function appropriately in pregnant populations. Our study examines the suitability of the Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ) for measuring body dissatisfaction among pregnant women by comparing the psychometric fun...

Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Matthew; Skouteris Helen; Watson Brittany; Hill Briony

2012-01-01

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Preventing adolescent drowning: Understanding water safety knowledge, attitudes and swimming ability. The effect of a short water safety intervention.  

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Worldwide, epidemiological data indicate that children are a high-risk group for drowning and while progress has been made in understanding toddler drownings, there is a lack of empirical evidence regarding the drowning risk and protective factors inherent for adolescents and young adults. This study used a self-report questionnaire to establish swimming and water safety knowledge and attitudes of young adults and objectively measured their actual swimming ability using formal practical testing procedures. Participants then completed a short, 12-week intervention that encompassed swimming, survival and rescue skills, along with water safety knowledge applicable to a range of aquatic environments. Knowledge, attitudes and swimming ability were then re-measured following the intervention to evaluate its effectiveness. The Wilcoxon matched pairs signed ranks test was performed to detect whether there were significant differences between knowledge, attitude and swim ability scores pre-intervention and post-intervention. A total of 135 participants completed the baseline and follow up questionnaire and all practical testing. Results indicated that these young adults had a very low level of water safety knowledge pre-intervention, although the majority had sound swimming and water safety skills and attitudes. Overall, significant improvements were evident in knowledge (pknowledge, skills or attitudes of these young adults, and there were few significant gender differences. While it is important to conduct further studies to confirm that these findings are consistent with a more representative sample of young adults, our findings are the first to provide empirical evidence of the value of a comprehensive aquatic education program as a drowning prevention strategy for young adults. PMID:24798651

Petrass, Lauren A; Blitvich, Jennifer D

2014-09-01

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HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Assessment of Chinese Students: A Questionnaire Study  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess students' knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV and AIDS. A questionnaire was administered to a cross section of 259 Chinese undergraduates. Respondents were asked to provide information about knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. Study results indicated that the majority of undergraduates had a moderate level of HIV and AIDS knowledge, acceptance and attitudes towards people with HIV and AIDS. Boys had more acceptance and positive attitudes towards people with HIV and AIDS than girls. Students majoring in medicine performed better (more knowledgeable and accepting than non-medical students. Differences between students with various monthly expenditures were found-- 6.2% of students had 3-5 sexual partners which has rarely been found in Chinese students; most students did not know HIV VCT centers and most students did not show their confidence for controlling of HIV and AIDS in China. In conclusion, students’ knowledge about HIV/AIDS was uneven. A peer educational program to talk about self esteem, healthy sexual attitudes, being human-accepting and loving should be developed in the near future.

Chaojun Xie

2007-09-01

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Portuguese Community Pharmacists' Attitudes to and Knowledge of Antibiotic Misuse: Questionnaire Development and Reliability  

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Objective To develop and evaluate the reliability of a self-administered questionnaire designed to assess the attitudes and knowledge of community pharmacists in Portugal about microbial resistance and the antibiotic dispensing process. Methods This study was divided into the following three stages: (1) design of the questionnaire, which included a literature review and a qualitative study with focus-group sessions; (2) assessment of face and content validity, using a panel of experts and a pre-test of community pharmacists; and, (3) pilot study and reliability analysis, which included a test-retest study covering fifty practising pharmacists based at community pharmacies in five districts situated in Northern Portugal. Questionnaire reproducibility was quantified using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC; 95% confidence interval) computed by means of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. Results The correlation coefficients were fair to good (ICC>0.4) for all statements (scale-items) regarding knowledge of and attitudes to antibiotic resistance, and ranged from fair to good to excellent for statements about situations in which pharmacists acknowledged that antibiotics were sometimes dispensed without a medical prescription (ICC>0.8). Cronbach's alpha for this section was 0.716. Conclusions The questionnaire designed in this study is valid and reliable in terms of content validity, face validity and reproducibility.

Roque, Fatima; Soares, Sara; Breitenfeld, Luiza; Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Cristian; Figueiras, Adolfo; Herdeiro, Maria Teresa

2014-01-01

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Attitudes of perioperative personnel : Comparative research on safety culture and usage of surgical safety checklist  

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This research investigated the perioperative personnel’s attitudes on safety culture and usage of surgical safety checklist in Central Ostrobothnia Central Hospital and Oulu University Hospital. Furthermore, the challenges in the utilization of surgical safety checklist by perioperative personnel in these two hospitals were also investigated.

2013-01-01

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DEVELOPING A QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE STUDENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARD THE COURSE BLOG?  

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Full Text Available The rapid growth of using Web 2.0 tools such as blogs has increased online courses in education. Questioners are the most commonly used instruments to assess students’ attitudes toward the online courses. This study provides a set of specific guidelines that the researchers used to develop a questionnaire to measure students’ attitudes toward the course blog. It focuses on test construction and instrument validation as two primary stages in developing the questionnaire and details a series of steps nested within two stages. Participants were 30 undergraduate students enrolled in a course blog. To analyze the data, qualitative findings of interview were complemented by statistical results from quantitative data. To improve content adequacy and internal validity of the instrument items, 25 students who took part in piloting the instrument were interviewed. We carried out Statistical analysis to evaluate inter-item correlations, and reliability alpha coefficient of the instrument items. The guidelines applied in this study can be used in other studies to develop a valid instrument to measure other constructs, particularly when a researcher does not have access to a large sample.

Zahra SHAHSAVAR

2012-01-01

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Attitudes of middle-aged women to aging: contribution of the Reactions to Aging Questionnaire.  

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Attitudes to aging in mid-life have been found to be a predictor of health and well-being. The main purpose of the study was to assess the contribution of the Reactions to Aging Questionnaire (RAQ) to the understanding of middle-aged women's attitudes towards their aging. An additional purpose was to expand the existing information regarding the dimensions of the new version of the RAQ. Middle-aged Melbourne women (n = 381) were asked to complete the RAQ, in addition to another attitudes-to-aging scale (Worries About Aging). Factor analysis of the RAQ was used to explore its dimensionality, and frequencies of responses were used to assess the spread of response of both instruments. The factors extracted in the factor analysis of the RAQ were interpretable and meaningful in terms of emotions related to aging. They were also similar to the factors described by previous data. The RAQ was more effective in its distribution ability than the Worries About Aging Scale. With some modifications, the RAQ may be more informative than was the Worries About Aging Scale in its ability to assess emotions, opinions and beliefs associated with aging in middle-aged women. PMID:11770187

Netz, Y; Guthrie, J R; Garamszegi, C; Dennerstein, L

2001-12-01

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The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire. Psychometric properties and relationship with consumption, dieting, disinhibition and thought suppression.  

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We examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ), comparing the original three-factor model to a later-suggested two-factor model. We evaluated the construct validity of the ACQ by investigating the associations between the resulting factors and other eating-related questionnaires such as the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire and the Food Thought Suppression Inventory. Finally, we compared the scores on several scales regarding eating behavior between different groups (men versus women, dieters versus non-dieters and cravers versus non-cravers). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Dutch ACQ indicated the best global fit indices for the two-factor model, with the resulting factors being "Negative consequences and Guilt" and "Craving and emotional eating". Both factors were associated with other eating-related dimensions. However, craving seemed to be uniquely associated with the amount of chocolate consumed per week, whereas guilt correlated strongly with restraint. Finally, women scored higher on nearly all scales, but there was no significant gender difference with regard to chocolate consumption. Dieters reported more disinhibition, restraint, food-thought suppression and guilt, but they did not significantly differ from non-dieters with regards to their levels of craving, hunger nor consumption. PMID:24530692

Van Gucht, Dinska; Soetens, Barbara; Raes, Filip; Griffith, James W

2014-05-01

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Food Safety Attitude of Culinary Arts Based Students in Public and Private Higher Learning Institutions (IPT  

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Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Food safety issue is not new in Malaysia as problems such as unsafe food handling, doubtful food preparation, food poisoning outbreaks in schools and education institutions and spreading of infectious food borne illness has been discussed by the public more often than before. The purpose of this study is to examine the food safety knowledge and attitude of culinary based students from four (4 public and private higher learning institutions (IPT with prior knowledge on food safety, hygiene and sanitation. The study involved a total of 114 group administered questionnaires that were usable and coded comprising of 37- questions assessing their knowledge and attitude on food safety. A series of analysis were conducted to test the significant relationship between food safety knowledge and food safety attitude and seek any differences based on the students’ demographic profiles.  The research finds that higher learning institution’s students who have prior knowledge on food safety partly do not represent their attitude towards food safety although their correlations recorded moderate positive relationships especially on personal hygiene practice (p=0.07, r=0.42 and keeping food at safe temperature (p=0.17, r=0.36. On the other hand, their knowledge in avoiding cross contamination (p=0.00, r=0.50 and avoiding food from unsafe sources (p=0.02, r=0.36 were positive and significant in influencing their food safety attitude. The finding also revealed that there were no significant differences among food safety knowledge and attitude based on the students’ demographic profiles. The results urged for more improvement in both knowledge and practice of food safety among students in public and private higher learning institutions towards recommended food safety standards and positive attitude in food preparation process. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Keywords: food safety, knowledge, attitude, food borne illness, IPT students

Mohd Onn Rashdi Abd Patah

2009-10-01

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Methodological issues and pitfalls of short safety culture questionnaires:  

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Safety culture surveys have been fielded in many different sectors of industrial activities. Many of these surveys consist of a long list of questions which is time consuming for the respondents. As part of the FP6 HILAS project a shorter survey has been developed, which aimed at getting a high response rate. The survey should give insights into employees’ views about safety, safety culture and climate. It is aimed at identifying issues for improving safety performance in rapidly developing...

Jagtman, H. M.; Koornneef, F.; Akselsson, R.; Stewart, S.

2013-01-01

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Risk Perception, Knowledge and Safety Attitude and Hearing Protector Use in Petrochemical Industry Workers  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Hearing protectors (HP are widely employed as the only measure against noise exposure. However, it is well known that unless do workers wear HP continuously, its efficacy will be very low. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of risk perception, knowledge and safety attitude on hearing protection use in petrochemical industry's workers.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study a structural questionnaire was administrated to 236 randomly selected workers in Iranian petrochemical industry who had been to 85 dBA noise and some influencing factors including risk perception, knowledge and general attitude to safety on using of HP had been investigated.Results: This study showed that only 20.3% of employees claimed to wear hearing protection all the time when they exposed to noise. There was a significant relationship between use of hearing protector and worker's risk perception (p=0.048 and also their knowledge about hearing protection(p=0.009. Also, the relationship between general attitude of workers to safety and risk perception was statistically significant (p=0.046. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that for promoting the use of hearing protectors, two main strategy should be followed. First, removing the barriers to make hearing protectors compliant, and second enhancing the workers’ risk perception about hearing loss and proper use of ear protectors.

Mahdi Jahangiri

2008-06-01

 
 
 
 
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Do specialty registrars change their attitudes, intentions and behaviour towards reporting incidents following a patient safety course?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Reporting incidents can contribute to safer health care, as an awareness of the weaknesses of a system could be considered as a starting point for improvements. It is believed that patient safety education for specialty registrars could improve their attitudes, intentions and behaviour towards incident reporting. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of a two-day patient safety course on the attitudes, intentions and behaviour concerning the voluntary reporting of incidents by specialty registrars. Methods A patient safety course was designed to increase specialty registrars' knowledge, attitudes and skills in order to recognize and cope with unintended events and unsafe situations at an early stage. Data were collected through an 11-item questionnaire before, immediately after and six months after the course was given. Results The response rate at all three points in time assessed was 100% (n = 33. There were significant changes in incident reporting attitudes and intentions immediately after the course, as well as during follow-up. However, no significant changes were found in incident reporting behaviour. Conclusions It is shown that patient safety education can have long-term positive effects on attitudes towards reporting incidents and the intentions of registrars. However, further efforts need to be undertaken to induce a real change in behaviour.

Leistikow Ian P

2010-04-01

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Attitudes and behavior towards patient safety in an operating room  

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Patient´s safety is a priority line of action in the Quality of Health Care. Adequate patient safety culture is one of the important pillars in the health care. Also the World Health Organization reports that 7 million people, of 234 million of major surgeries, suffer complications and this can be reduced by half with a system that decreases the possibility of error. Objectives: To determinate the attitude and behavior of professionals in the operating room unit in Hospital Virgen de la Salu...

2013-01-01

43

Participation in and attitude towards the national immunization program in the Netherlands: data from population-based questionnaires  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge about the determinants of participation and attitude towards the National Immunisation Program (NIP may be helpful in tailoring information campaigns for this program. Our aim was to determine which factors were associated with nonparticipation in the NIP and which ones were associated with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. Further, we analyzed possible changes in opinion on vaccination over a 10 year period. Methods We used questionnaire data from two independent, population-based, cross-sectional surveys performed in 1995-96 and 2006-07. For the 2006-07 survey, logistic regression modelling was used to evaluate what factors were associated with nonparticipation and with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. We used multivariate multinomial logistic regression modelling to compare the results between the two surveys. Results Ninety-five percent of parents reported that they or their child (had participated in the NIP. Similarly, 95% reported they intended to accept remaining vaccinations. Ethnicity, religion, income, educational level and anthroposophic beliefs were important determinants of nonparticipation in the NIP. Parental concerns that played a role in whether or not they would accept remaining vaccinations included safety of vaccinations, maximum number of injections, whether vaccinations protect the health of one's child and whether vaccinating healthy children is necessary. Although about 90% reported their opinion towards vaccination had not changed, a larger proportion of participants reported to be less inclined to accept vaccination in 2006-07 than in 1995-96. Conclusion Most participants had a positive attitude towards vaccination, although some had doubts. Groups with a lower income or educational level or of non-Western descent participated less in the NIP than those with a high income or educational level or indigenous Dutch and have been less well identified previously. Particular attention ought to be given to these groups as they contribute in large measure to the rate of nonparticipation in the NIP, i.e., to a greater extent than well-known vaccine refusers such as specific religious groups and anthroposophics. Our finding that the proportion of the population inclined to accept vaccinations is smaller than it was 10 years ago highlights the need to increase knowledge about attitudes and beliefs regarding the NIP.

Mollema Liesbeth

2012-01-01

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A Study on Knowledge, Attitude And Practice of Laboratory Safety Measures Among Paramedical Staff of Laboratory Services  

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Full Text Available Purpose: A lot of accidents occur in the laboratory due to lack of proper knowledge regarding laboratory safety measures, indifferent attitude & improper implementation of safe laboratory practices. In view of this, the present study on knowledge, Attitude & Practice (KAP of laboratory safety measures was carried out among paramedical staff of laboratory services of tertiary care teaching hospital, western India. Method: This was a comparative study which used a standardized, structured self-administered questionnaire to survey knowledge, attitude and practice of paramedical staff. The KAP study enrolled 81 respondents. Results: Regarding knowledge- the majority knew the very important issues related with laboratory safety like Post Exposure Prophylaxis (96.55% & discarding of blood samples (93.10% etc. In regard to attitude towards the scientific process, all are very much aware about importance of protective devices (i.e. Wearing Gloves and Biomedical waste management. In regard to the practice in laboratory, the entire study subject group (100% replied “YES” in each question that shows the good quality work of the laboratory. Conclusion: The induction training on Laboratory safety is very important and motivating exercise for improving the laboratory safety measures.

Hansa M Goswami, Sumeeta T Soni, Sachin M Patel, Mitesh K Patel

2011-01-01

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Prisoners' attitudes towards cigarette smoking and smoking cessation: a questionnaire study in Poland  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In the last decade Poland has successfully carried out effective anti-tobacco campaigns and introduced tobacco control legislation. This comprehensive strategy has focused on the general population and has led to a considerable decrease in tobacco consumption. Prisoners constitute a relatively small part of the entire Polish population and smoking habits in this group have been given little attention. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking in Polish male prisoners, factors determining smoking in this group, prisoners' attitudes towards smoking cessation, and to evaluate prisoners' perception of different anti-tobacco measures. Methods An anonymous questionnaire including personal, demographic and smoking data was distributed among 944 male inmates. Of these, 907 men aged between 17 and 62 years (mean 32.3 years met the inclusion criteria of the study. For the comparison of proportions, a chi-square test was used with continuity correction whenever appropriate. Results In the entire group, 81% of the subjects were smokers, 12% – ex-smokers, and 7% – never smokers. Current smokers had significantly lower education level than non-smokers (p Conclusion The prevalence of cigarette smoking among Polish prisoners is high. However, a majority of smokers attempt to quit, and they should be encouraged and supported. Efforts to reduce cigarette smoking in prisons need to take into consideration the specific factors influencing smoking habits in prisons.

Konopa Krzysztof

2006-07-01

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Measuring recovery: validity of the "Recovery Process Inventory" and the "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire".  

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Considerable lack of publications and inconsistent results on construct validity make it difficult to choose an appropriate instrument to measure recovery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate additional psychometric aspects of two established measures of personal recovery with differing focuses. Bivariate associations of the recovery measures with personal, clinical and subjective factors were conducted as indicators of concurrent (convergent and divergent) validity. The scales were also tested concerning internal consistency. The sample comprised of 81 inpatients on an acute psychiatric ward (main diagnoses: 27% substance-related disorders, 27% schizophrenic disorders, 25% affective disorders, 10% neurotic or stress-related disorders, and 11% personality disorders). The "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire (RAQ)" has to be reevaluated before further administration due to serious psychometric shortcomings concerning internal consistency and concurrent validity. The "Recovery Process Inventory (RPI)" total scale showed acceptable concurrent and within-scale validity and can be recommended in order to measure the personal recovery process for clinical and scientific purposes. PMID:23859131

Jaeger, Matthias; Konrad, Albrecht; Rueegg, Sebastian; Rabenschlag, Franziska

2013-11-30

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Attitudes and behavior towards patient safety in an operating room  

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Full Text Available Patient´s safety is a priority line of action in the Quality of Health Care. Adequate patient safety culture is one of the important pillars in the health care. Also the World Health Organization reports that 7 million people, of 234 million of major surgeries, suffer complications and this can be reduced by half with a system that decreases the possibility of error. Objectives: To determinate the attitude and behavior of professionals in the operating room unit in Hospital Virgen de la Salud of Toledo towards patient safety. Material and method: The type of study is a descriptive and transversal. Population: medical and nursing staff of the theatre with over 1 year in service. Measurement of variables will be made by a validated test and adapted to Spanish territory by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality of the United States. We intend to identify the strengths and weaknesses in matter of operating room safety, to know the starting point for the implementation of the surgical safety checklist and to develop a safety culture in the operating room with standardized tools and regular quality controls.

María del Pilar Sánchez Moreno

2013-09-01

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Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS) questionnaire adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese Adaptação para o português brasileiro do questionário: Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS)  

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The growing exposure of teenagers to environmental noise and music has generated interest in studies about the impact of such exposure, as well as the measures taken in these situations. Therefore, it is fundamental to use a valid and reliable instrument. AIM: to validate a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Youth Attitude to Noise Scale questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN: cross-sectional, repeated measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Translation from English into Portuguese, pre-test, linguistic adapt...

Angela Maria Fontana Zocoli; Thais Catalani Morata; Jair Mendes Marques

2009-01-01

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Attitude of Physicians towards the Follow-up of Renal Transplant Patients: A Questionnaire Survey in Saudi Arabia  

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The goal of this study was to evaluate the attitude of the physicians towards the follow-up of the renal transplant patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). We sent a questionnaire to 168 physicians working in 148 active dialysis centers in the KSA. The study was conducted from June-October 2005. There were 140 physicians (83.3%) who answered the questionnaire; they represented 136 (91.9%) dialysis centers. There were 43 (31.2%) respondents who had a transplant clin...

2006-01-01

50

Participation in and attitude towards the national immunization program in the Netherlands: data from population-based questionnaires  

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Background Knowledge about the determinants of participation and attitude towards the National Immunisation Program (NIP) may be helpful in tailoring information campaigns for this program. Our aim was to determine which factors were associated with nonparticipation in the NIP and which ones were associated with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. Further, we analyzed possible changes in opinion on vaccination over a 10 year period. Methods We used questionnaire data from t...

2012-01-01

51

The Relationship between the Worker's Safety Attitude and the Registered Accidents  

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Full Text Available

Background: Millions of workers are the victims of different kinds of accidents every year throughout the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between safety attitude and occurrence of the occupational accidents.

Methods: This investigation was a cross-sectional study performed in a gas refinery in south of Iran in 2008. Sample size of this study was 176 people. To determine the value of worker's safety attitude a validated 5 degrees questionnaire was used. Different statistic analyses including Chi-square, t-test and Logistic Regression were used by Spss11.5 to analyze the data. The Cronbachs alpha coefficient was found to be 0.97 in this investigation.

Results: In the study population, the average age was 31.67(+/- 5.89, the average work experience was 5.65 (+/- 4.29 and the average of the safety attitude was 188.52(+/- 14.84 and only 28.7% were injured through accidents. The relationship between safety attitude of the workers and the accidents occurred was significant (P< 0.0001.

Conclusion: The relationship between safety attitude of the workers and the accidents occurred was significant, although the relation was not significant for graduate workers. No significant relationship was found between safety attitude and accident in accordance with worker's age and work experience.

MR Monazzam

2011-06-01

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Development and validation of the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ and CAM use and attitudes amongst medical students  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The need for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM and holistic approaches in allopathic medical school curricula has been well articulated. Despite increased CAM instruction, feasible and validated instruments for measuring learner outcomes in this content area do not widely exist. In addition, baseline attitudes or beliefs of medical students towards CAM, and the factors that may have formed them, including use of CAM itself, remain unreported. Methods A 10-item measure (CHBQ – CAM Health Belief Questionnaire was constructed and administered to three successive classes of medical students simultaneously with the previously validated 29-item Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire (IMAQ. Both measures were imbedded in a baseline needs assessment questionnaire. Demographic and other data were collected on students' use of CAM modalities and their awareness and use of primary CAM information resources. Analysis of CHBQ items was performed and its reliability and criterion-related validity were established. Results Response rate was 96.5% (272 of 282 students studied. The shorter CHBQ compared favorably with the longer IMAQ in internal consistency reliability. Cronbach's coefficient alpha was 0.75 and 0.83 for the CHBQ and IMAQ respectively. Students showed positive attitudes/beliefs towards CAM and high levels of self-reported CAM use. The majority (73.5% of students reported using at least one CAM modality, and 54% reported using at least two modalities. Eighty-one percent use the internet as a primary source of information for CAM. Conclusions The CHBQ is a practical, valid and reliable instrument for measuring medical student attitudes/beliefs and has potential utility for measuring the impact of CAM instruction. Medical students showed a high self-reported rate of CAM use and positive attitudes towards CAM. Short, didactic exposure to CAM instruction in the first year of medical school did not additionally impact these already positive attitudes. Unlike the IMAQ, which was intended for use with physicians, the CHBQ is generic in design and content and applicable to a variety of learner types. Evaluation measures must be appropriate for specific CAM instructional outcomes.

Boker John

2004-01-01

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Survey of Employees' Safety Attitude in a Teaching Hospital Tehran 2010  

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Background and aimsThe Medical Errors and the potential unsafe actions are always regarded as a serious trouble by the managers and health care providers. Using the employees' attitude data as a measurement criterion in the evaluation of the hospitals performance in the field of the “Safety” can improve the safety level among the personnel and patients . Survey of employees' attitude about safety and its comparison with different groups of offering health services in a teaching Hospital w...

2011-01-01

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Survey Result for the Safety Culture Attitude of HANARO in 2008  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One of the important aims of a nuclear management system is to foster a strong safety culture. The safety culture activities for HANARO have been implemented and the importance of safety management in nuclear activities has also been emphasized since its first operation. HANARO developed its own safety culture indicators by referring to the IAEA's documents for the purpose of the evaluation of the safety culture attitude. In June 2008 a survey on the safety culture was conducted based on the new safety culture indicators. The result of the survey shows that the safety culture activities contribute positively to its safe operation. But it is necessary to encourage some activities like training, resources and organizational culture. The survey was helpful to understand the general trends of the safety attitudes and to set the safety culture activities necessary for the improvement of its safe operation.

Wu, Jong Sup; An, Seok Hwa [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2009-05-15

55

Construct and Concurrent Validity of a Prototype Questionnaire to Survey Public Attitudes toward Stuttering  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Construct validity and concurrent validity were investigated in a prototype survey instrument, the "Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Experimental Edition" (POSHA-E). The POSHA-E was designed to measure public attitudes toward stuttering within the context of eight other attributes, or "anchors," assumed to range from negative…

St. Louis, Kenneth O.; Reichel, Isabella K.; Yaruss, J. Scott; Lubker, Bobbie Boyd

2009-01-01

56

The 8th questionnaire survey report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey on safety of nuclear medicine studies was conducted under the subcommittee for radionuclide imaging and nuclear medicine technology of Japan Radioisotope Association to promote patient safety. Questionnaires were sent to 1300 hospitals and 21 clinical laboratories in Japan with 1034 facilities responded (78.3%). Sixty percents of the workers in the facilities were nuclear medicine technologists. Medical doctors comprised 20% of the workers, but 32% in the university hospitals. The number of laboratory technologists decreased in all categories of the facilities. Composite PET/CT scanners increased sharply, whereas 2-detector and 3-detector imaging systems decreased. Regular maintenance was performed in approximately 80% of the SPECT imaging systems, while the single head imaging systems were maintained less frequently. Filmless systems were employed in 25.3% of all of the facilities responded, with the higher rate in the university hospitals. The number of accidents and incidents in the facilities decreased. Falls on floor and fall from an examination bed were reported. The nuclear medicine technologists were concerned about safety mechanism of imaging systems, and dimension and height of examination beds. They also wanted prompt supply of safety information and easy interconnectivity among different data of various vendors' systems. The results of this survey may be a valuable source of information on safety of nuclear medicine procedures. (author)

2008-07-01

57

Equivalência semântica e avaliação da consistência interna da versão em português do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) / Semantic equivalence and internal consistency of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do estudo foi descrever o processo de adaptação transcultural do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) para a língua portuguesa. A metodologia foi baseada nas etapas de (1) tradução do questionário para o português; (2) retrotradução para o inglês; (3) comit [...] ê de peritos para construção da primeira versão; (4) avaliação da compreensão verbal por especialistas e por uma amostra da população-alvo; (5) análise da consistência interna do instrumento a partir do alfa de Cronbach. O instrumento foi traduzido para o português e a versão final contou com os 30 itens do instrumento original. Todos os itens foram interpretados como de fácil compreensão, tanto por especialistas quanto pela população-alvo. Os valores de consistência interna foram satisfatórios, sendo de 0,91 para toda a escala. O instrumento encontra-se traduzido e adaptado para o português, com evidências de boa compreensão e consistência interna, sendo ainda necessária a avaliação de sua equivalência de mensuração, validade externa e reprodutibilidade. Abstract in english This study aimed to describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) into Brazilian Portuguese. The methodology involved the following stages: (1) translation of the questionnaire into Portuguese; (2) back-translation into English; (3 [...] ) meeting with experts to prepare a draft version; (4) assessment of verbal understanding of the draft by experts and by a sample of the target population; and (5) analysis of the tool's internal consistency, using Cronbach's alpha. The questionnaire was translated into Portuguese, and the scale's final version included 30 items, as in the original. Both the experts and target population members assessed all the items as easy to understand. Internal consistency was satisfactory, reaching 0.91 for the scale as a whole. The questionnaire has now been translated and adapted into Portuguese, with evidence of clear understanding and internal consistency. However, it is still necessary to assess its measurement equivalence, external validity, and reproducibility.

Amaral, Ana Carolina Soares; Cordás, Táki Athanássios; Conti, Maria Aparecida; Ferreira, Maria Elisa Caputo.

58

Equivalência semântica e avaliação da consistência interna da versão em português do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) / Semantic equivalence and internal consistency of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do estudo foi descrever o processo de adaptação transcultural do Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) para a língua portuguesa. A metodologia foi baseada nas etapas de (1) tradução do questionário para o português; (2) retrotradução para o inglês; (3) comit [...] ê de peritos para construção da primeira versão; (4) avaliação da compreensão verbal por especialistas e por uma amostra da população-alvo; (5) análise da consistência interna do instrumento a partir do alfa de Cronbach. O instrumento foi traduzido para o português e a versão final contou com os 30 itens do instrumento original. Todos os itens foram interpretados como de fácil compreensão, tanto por especialistas quanto pela população-alvo. Os valores de consistência interna foram satisfatórios, sendo de 0,91 para toda a escala. O instrumento encontra-se traduzido e adaptado para o português, com evidências de boa compreensão e consistência interna, sendo ainda necessária a avaliação de sua equivalência de mensuração, validade externa e reprodutibilidade. Abstract in english This study aimed to describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) into Brazilian Portuguese. The methodology involved the following stages: (1) translation of the questionnaire into Portuguese; (2) back-translation into English; (3 [...] ) meeting with experts to prepare a draft version; (4) assessment of verbal understanding of the draft by experts and by a sample of the target population; and (5) analysis of the tool's internal consistency, using Cronbach's alpha. The questionnaire was translated into Portuguese, and the scale's final version included 30 items, as in the original. Both the experts and target population members assessed all the items as easy to understand. Internal consistency was satisfactory, reaching 0.91 for the scale as a whole. The questionnaire has now been translated and adapted into Portuguese, with evidence of clear understanding and internal consistency. However, it is still necessary to assess its measurement equivalence, external validity, and reproducibility.

Amaral, Ana Carolina Soares; Cordás, Táki Athanássios; Conti, Maria Aparecida; Ferreira, Maria Elisa Caputo.

59

Direct and Indirect Employee Questionnaires for Assessing Patient Safety in Saudi Hospitals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper provides information on the reliability and validity of direct and indirect employee questionnaires developed in a study of patient safety that examines the impact of human engineering intervention on both direct and indirect employees. Method: This paper describes the employee questionnaires, which survey various elements of the work system (e.g., heavy workload, inexperience/lack education, staffing issues, fatigue, inadequate technology, distractions, lack of vigilance, lack of adherence to medical administration policies, time constraints, and patient safety climate, the care process, and employee outcomes (e.g., job satisfaction, stress, perceived quality and safety of care provided. Data from a sample of 932 direct staff members and 99 indirect members were used to examine reliability, convergent validity, and predictive validity. Results: The two groups were different on three of the four groups of variables: measures of employee training and education, measures of reactions to medical errors occurred, and measures of participation to decision making related to medical errors. Managers had more positive perceptions of medical staff participation to decision making than medical staff believe. Medical staff was more satisfied with their job and reported significant fewer errors than manager staff claimed. Finally, managers felt that they offered significantly sufficient training programs to the medical staff than medical staff believed. Conclusion: The results provided evidence for the reliability and validity of the study's employee questionnaires.

Mohamed Z. RAMADAN

2010-06-01

60

Injury control in childhood: Family’s attitude and safety counseling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and attitudes of mothers of injured children on potential risks of injury and injury prevention followed by individual safety counseling. Material and Method: The data were collected by a questionnaire from children between 0 and 14 years of age admitted to The Trauma and Emergency Surgery Unit with acute injury, and their families (Grup 1, and children with the same age and sex, followed at The Outpatient Clinic, Department of Pediatrics (Grup 2. Safety counseling was given for risky situations. Results: Very young parents, low socioeconomical level, large family type, to be the first child, were determined as the main factors leading injury. Knowledge about and prevention awareness of injuries were significantly low among the families of injured children (p< 0.001. In Grup 2, more families had information on injury prevention (p< 0.001. Higher number of families consider injuries preventable in Grup 2 (p< 0.001. Conclusions: Education level and prevention awareness are the main factors determining risks of injury. Basic education and counseling at health care centers are the most important factors for injury prevention. (Turk Arch Ped 2008; 43: 127-34

Dicle Çelik ?nanç

2008-12-01

 
 
 
 
61

A Survey of Job Attitudes of Federal Prison Employees.  

Science.gov (United States)

Determined the attitudes of federal prison employees regarding job satisfaction and personal safety. A questionnaire was sent to workers in federal correctional institutions. Results of the questionnaire generally indicate a high level of job satisfaction and relatively little concern about safety among employees who completed the questionnaire

Turner, Clara; Johnson, Norbert

1980-01-01

62

Analysis of the attitudes and needs/demands of dental practitioners in the field of patient safety and risk management.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patient safety is a relatively new discipline aimed at improving the quality of care, minimising treatment errors and improving the safety of patients. Although health professions always have a specific concern for patient safety, few practitioners have a clear understanding of the broad context and not all health-care providers practice it. This might well be because of limited availability of information and materials as well as a lack of national or international laws and regulations. Thus, through member National Dental Associations (NDAs) of FDI (World Dental Federation), the present study aimed at analysing the attitudes of dental practitioners to the issues of patient safety and risk management, and the availability of materials and laws and regulations. Determination of their specific needs and demands in these fields was also attempted. For this purpose, an online questionnaire was developed for the member NDAs to respond. Questions mainly focused on the awareness regarding patient safety, availability of materials and regulations and the particular topics for which dentists needed further knowledge and information. A total of 40 responses were received. While some countries lack any documents, patient safety documents and materials were available in some countries but they were mostly limited to infection control and radiation protection and did not address other important aspects of patient safety. The NDAs clearly demanded more information. A significant number of countries also lacked national laws and/or regulations regarding patient safety. Although dentistry always has a genuine concern for patient safety, the findings of the survey suggest that yet more efforts are needed to improve the knowledge, understanding and awareness of dental practitioners regarding its broad context and the relatively 'new' patient safety culture. NDAs, dental educators, national, regional and international dental organisations and health authorities all can play significant roles to achieve these goals. PMID:24716242

Yamalik, Nermin; Van Dijk, Ward

2013-12-01

63

General practitioners and carers: a questionnaire survey of attitudes, awareness of issues, barriers and enablers to provision of services  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Approximately one in ten of the UK population are unpaid carers supporting a family member or friend who could not manage without their help, saving the UK economy an estimated £87 billion. This role is known to sometimes have a negative impact on carers and to require support both informally and from statutory services. General practice is a first point of contact for carers but research investigating general practitioners' (GPs' attitudes towards carers and awareness of issues facing carers is rare. This study therefore aimed to identify GPs' attitudes, awareness of issues, and perceptions of the barriers and enablers to provision of services. Methods Using a self-completion questionnaire distributed at a series of workshops, this study investigates GPs' attitudes to carers; awareness and knowledge of carers' issues; services offered in general practice and barriers to supporting carers. Results Seventy eight out of a total of 95 GPs (82% response rate from a variety of areas in England completed the questionnaires. The GPs identified time, resources and lack of knowledge as barriers, but only 9% agreed with the statement that there is little support they can offer carers. However, nine in ten GPs (89% feel they have insufficient training here and approximately half of them (47% lack confidence that they are meeting carers' needs. Confidence in identifying carers is also low (45%. Issues that GPs would look out for amongst carers include emotional and physical health problems and financial and isolation difficulties. GPs specifically highlighted educational and isolation issues for young carers. Few services were described that targeted carers. Conclusions GPs recognise that they have an important role to play in supporting carers but would like training and support. Further investigation is needed both to determine how best to train and facilitate GPs and general practice teams in their role in supporting carers and to identify what carers need and want from general practice. Identifying carers' leads or carers' champions amongst practice staff is possibly one way forward. Given the proposed greater commissioning role for primary care, greater understanding here is particularly important.

Atkins Christine

2010-12-01

64

El punto de vista de los pacientes sobre la seguridad clínica de los hospitales: Validación del Cuestionario de Percepción de Seguridad Hospital clinical safety from the patient's point of view: Validation of a safety perception questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Background: Approximately 10% of hospitalized patients suffer an adverse event during their hospital stay. An important proportion of subjects also feel that they have a high risk of suffering such an event during an eventual hospitalization. Aim: To determine the perception on clinical safety among patients discharged from a hospital. Material and methods: A questionnaire about hospital safety was mailed to 1300 patients discharged from a hospital. The questionnaire was analyzed using construct validity predictive validity and Cronbach Alpha for internal consistency Results: The questionnaire was answered by 384 patients, yielding a response rate of 29%. Of these, 77 incomplete answers were discarded. Thirty-one subjects (10% reported a possible adverse event. In 19 cases (5.8%, it was due to medication errors and in 19 (6.1%, to surgical procedures. In seven cases (2.3%, both errors coincided (2.3%. According to the predictive validity of the questionnaire, if a patient reports an adverse event, the confidence in the hospital and in the professionals is reduced (p <0.001, communication with the physician is considered inappropriate (p =0.0001 and risk perception increases (p =0.003. Unsatisfied patients are those that believe that they have higher risks of suffering a medical error (p =0.005. Conclusions: Risk perception for adverse events increases after having suffered such an event. Patient satisfaction minimizes the effects of adverse events on their confidence and attitude.

José Joaquín Mira

2009-11-01

65

Food Safety Attitudes in College Students: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of a Conceptual Model  

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Full Text Available College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18–25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safety. Knowledge seems to be an important factor in shaping students attitudes regarding general and bacterial safety. Ethnicity plays a role in how people view the politics of food safety, and the safety of organic foods.

Peter Pribis

2013-01-01

66

Pharmacists’ attitudes and awareness towards the use and safety of herbs in Kuwait.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes among pharmacists in Kuwait towards the use of herbs. Methods: Self-administered questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private pharmacies in Kuwait.Results: The mean age was 34.2 (SD=7.5 years. About 51% of pharmacists reported they had used herbal therapy in their lifetime. The majority were interested in herbal information, and their herbal information came mainly from their previous classes during college. Although the pharmacists’ knowledge about uses of selected herbs was good, their awareness about side effects of those herbs was modest. About 31% of the pharmacists did not have enough information about potential interactions between herbs and conventional medicines. Conclusion: Herbal information is needed for pharmacy students as part of the Pharmacy College curriculum. Continuing education programs for practising pharmacists about the safety of different herbal products should be established in Kuwait.

Abahussain NA

2007-09-01

67

The 7th questionnaire report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The questionnaire has been done every three years from 1986 for the ultimate purpose of safe medical examinations and this 7th one was performed for the objective period of April 1, 2001-March 31, 2004. Subjects were 1,275 nuclear medicine facilities and answers were obtained in 77.2%. Questionnaire concerned the personnel involved in nuclear medical examinations (qualifications/medical doctor, pharmacist and radiology technologist and others), instruments (an additional investigation in the present period was conducted on PET/CT with cyclotron and automatic synthesis equipment and on SPECT/CT), accidents experienced, matters possibly leading to accident, improvement in safety control, serious trouble and breakage of the instrument, requests for the instrument manufacturers and so on. Results were: qualified radiology technologists amounted to 70% and doctors, 20%; personnel number for tests in vitro tended decreased; SPECT-camera with 2 detectors increased and with 1, obviously decreased; PET and related equipments greatly increased; check rate for imaging instruments was about 80%; gamma cameras were used over their maximum time limits recommended by manufacturers; actual accidents at examination increased but were not serious; improvements of instruments for safety sensor and of operation to avoid errors were required; mind for preventing accident was improved; many requests for the manufacturers were proposed. (author)

2005-07-01

68

The 6th questionnaire report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The questionnaire has been done every three years from 1986 for the ultimate purpose of safe medical examinations and this 6th one was performed for the objective period of April 1, 1998-March 31, 2001. Subjects were 1,254 nuclear medicine facilities and answers were obtained in 86.2%. Questionnaire concerned the personnel involved in nuclear medical examinations (medical doctors and pharmacists as well as radiology technologists), instruments (an investigation was additionally conducted on Anger-type camera), accidents experienced, matters possibly leading to accident, improvement in safety control, serious trouble and breakage of the instrument, requests for the instrument manufacturers and so on. Summaries were: numbers of medical radiology technologist increased and a considerable and small number of doctors and pharmacists, respectively, were found involved; tests in vitro were decreased; SPECT-camera with 2 or 3 detectors increased; check rate for imaging instruments was about 80%; cases of actual and possible accident increased but not serious; improvements for automatic operation and of safety sensor were required; mind for preventing accident was important; many requests for the manufacturers were proposed. (K.H.)

2002-08-01

69

Influence of Education on Patient Safety: The Nurses’ Attitude Improvement Perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Objectives: Medical Errors and adverse events have recently turned into one of the predominant concerns of health-policy makers and health services providers. Promoting safety culture is fundamental to sustainable safety improvement in healthcare settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of training on nurses’ attitudes towards safety culture.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over the period of April to September 2011. The nursing staff in Sha...

2012-01-01

70

Consumer Food Safety Risk Attitudes and Perceptions Over Time: The Case of BSE Crisis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent research has shown that by decoupling the risk response behaviour of consumers into the separate components of risk perception and risk attitude, a more robust conceptualization and prediction of consumers’ reactions to food safety issues is possible. Furthermore, it has been argued that the influence of risk attitudes and risk perceptions on consumer risk behaviour for contaminated food products can be used to formulate effective agricultural policies and strategies in case of a foo...

Kalogeras, N.; Pennings, J. M. E.; Ittersum, K.

2009-01-01

71

The second questionnaire report of safety control on instrument in nuclear medicine laboratory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the second report on safety control for instruments in nuclear medicine laboratories. Questionnaires were mailed to 1110 facilities and 890 (80%) responded. The following six items were asked: (1) instrument type for nuclear examination, (2) risk perception, (3) potential risk for human hazards, (4) improvement for the safety, (5) accidents or damages of instruments or equipments, and (6) demands for makers. For item 1, 1087 facilities (97.9%) answered it, including telephone interviews; there were 765 Angar type gamma cameras (51.3%) and 714 SPECT scanners (47.9%). Fourty-two minor or major accidents were reported. Risk perception was seen in 160 cases. For safety management, the following received much attention: collimators (9 cases), detectors (22), examination beds (36), subjects' behaviors (55), and education or security management (38). Item 5 was answered in 212 cases. The majority of these accidents or damage were attributable to scintillation cameras and data processing equipments. Item 6 were reported in 352 cases. These answers are tabulated in detail. (N.K.)

1990-01-01

72

Astudy on relationship between production link worker's safety attitude and their safe act in of arak metal industry  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and aims   Unsafe attitude are the offset of occurring an accident. Although conducting few studies regarding to systematic measurement on requirement and attitude in the  field of safety in organization. One of the critical factors in order to make attempts to provide some programmers increasing safety behaviors is acknowledging the safety climate of working  environment. In this study we are intending to evaluate the relationship between safety climate and safe behaviors and...

2007-01-01

73

Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Workers towards Occupational Health and Safety  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"nBackground: Studies show that about 90% of accidents occur because of unsafe behavior and human errors. Even if workers do not have the right knowledge, attitude and behavior toward safety measures in a safe workplace, all efforts for an accident-free workplace will be in vain. This study aims to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and behavior of workers toward occupational health and safety."nMethods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on workers in Ma...

2009-01-01

74

Sun Safety Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors among Beachgoing Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Skin cancer rates are rising and could be reduced with better sun protection behaviors. Adolescent exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is damaging because it can lead to skin cancer. This descriptive study extends understanding of adolescent sun exposure attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors. Methods: A sample of 423 beachgoing…

Merten, Julie Williams; Higgins, Sue; Rowan, Alan; Pragle, Aimee

2014-01-01

75

Residents' concerns and attitudes toward a municipal solid waste landfill: integrating a questionnaire survey and GIS techniques.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ever-growing industry of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal appeals to the growing need for disposal facilities, and MSW treatment facilities are increasingly an environmental and public health concern. Residents living near MSW management facilities are confronted with various risk perceptions, especially odour. In this study, in an effort to assist responsible decision-makers in better planning and managing such a project, a structured questionnaire was designed and distributed to assess the nearby residents' concerns and attitudes surrounding the Laogang Landfill in Shanghai. Geographic information system techniques and relevance analysis were employed to conduct the spatial analysis of physical perceptions, especially odour annoyance. The findings of the research indicate that a significant percentage of the responding sample was aware of the negative impacts of landfills on the environment and public health, and residents in close proximity preferred to live farther from the landfill. The results from the spatial analysis demonstrated a definite degree of correlation between odour annoyance and distance to the facility and proved that the benefits of the socially disadvantaged have been neglected. The research findings also direct attention to the important role of public participation, information disclosure, transparency in management, and mutual communication to avoid conflicts and build social trust. PMID:23793647

Che, Yue; Yang, Kai; Jin, Yan; Zhang, Weiqian; Shang, Zhaoyi; Tai, Jun

2013-12-01

76

Physician Attitudes towards Pharmacological Cognitive Enhancement: Safety Concerns Are Paramount  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The ethical dimensions of pharmacological cognitive enhancement have been widely discussed in academic circles and the popular media, but missing from the conversation have been the perspectives of physicians - key decision makers in the adoption of new technologies into medical practice. We queried primary care physicians in major urban centers in Canada and the United States with the aim of understanding their attitudes towards cognitive enhancement. Our primary hypothesis was that physicia...

Banjo, Opeyemi C.; Nadler, Roland; Reiner, Peter B.

2010-01-01

77

The Attitude of Civil Engineering Students towards Health and Safety Risk Management: A Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The highest rate of accidents and injuries in British industries has been reported by the construction industry during the past decade. Since then stakeholders have recognised that a possible solution would be to inculcate a good attitude towards health and safety risk management in undergraduate civil engineering students and construction…

Petersen, A. K.; Reynolds, J. H.; Ng, L. W. T.

2008-01-01

78

Differences in household attitudes on food defence and food safety: an international comparison  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reports results from a large, six-nation, internet-based survey of consumer attitudes toward food safety and food defence administered during the fall of 2008. Responses were obtained from separate samples of approximately 1,000 each in Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, the UK, and the

Stinson, Thomas F.; Albisu Aguado, Luis Miguel; Canavari, Maurizio; Larson, Ronald; Gracia Royo, Azucena

2011-01-01

79

Results of questionnaire to members of Japanese college of radiology. Their attitude and act for medical exposure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes results of questionnaire conducted to members of Japanese College of Radiology (JCR) about their attitude and act for medical exposure. It asked, concerning medical exposure, about their attribute, attitude, education and knowledge, awareness at routine clinical practice and about occupational dose; was sent to 5,135 JCR members in September, 2011 for sending back within a month; and was replied by 1,177 members (22.9%), of which data were analyzed by chi-square distribution. Answered doctors (M/F of ca. 3/1, 30-59 years old) concerned with the actual practice (89.5%) for >10 years (ca. 67%) and >6 y (ca. 80) of imaging diagnosis (ca. 70%), radiotherapy (ca. 15) and nuclear medicine (300-bed hospital (ca. 70%). They were always or often aware of the medical exposure (>90%); their significantly high awareness was found in hospitals having >4 radiological doctors; and their awareness was significantly correlated with the population of their service area. They were also aware at CT (38%), IVR (interventional radiology) (27), radiotherapy (10) and PET (12), for patients of pediatrics (31%), of pregnancy-possible women (27), receiving frequent tests (30) and undergoing pelvic region imaging (12). Frequent questions to them arose from departments of nurse (28%), pediatrics (18), radiology (17), gynecology (13) and internal medicine (12); from patients often (5%), sometimes (28), rarely (55%) and null (12%). Significant relationship was found between questions by patients and the bed number/number of radiological doctors/population of medical service area. About 90% of doctors joined the education and training course always, often, or sometimes and about 40% of whom recognized its effectiveness. For accumulated dose restriction, 69.8% of doctors thought negative for patients while 72.1%, positive for volunteers in clinical trials (significant). Doctors who didn't explained patients about the exposure were 16%. Those highly aware of exposure wore the protective lead apron and used other protection devices like screen at fluoroscopy. Thus most of radiological expert doctors aware of exposure take care of patients and themselves at their daily practice. (T.T.)

2013-03-01

80

Assessing the status of airline safety culture and its relationship to key employee attitudes  

Science.gov (United States)

The need to identify the factors that influence the overall safety environment and compliance with safety procedures within airline operations is substantial. This study examines the relationships between job satisfaction, the overall perception of the safety culture, and compliance with safety rules and regulations of airline employees working in flight operations. A survey questionnaire administered via the internet gathered responses which were converted to numerical values for quantitative analysis. The results were grouped to provide indications of overall average levels in each of the three categories, satisfaction, perceptions, and compliance. Correlations between data in the three sets were tested for statistical significance using two-sample t-tests assuming equal variances. Strong statistical significance was found between job satisfaction and compliance with safety rules and between perceptions of the safety environment and safety compliance. The relationship between job satisfaction and safety perceptions did not show strong statistical significance.

Owen, Edward L.

 
 
 
 
81

Pharmacists’ attitudes and awareness towards the use and safety of herbs in Kuwait.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes among pharmacists in Kuwait towards the use of herbs. Methods: Self-administered questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private pharmacies in Kuwait.Results: The mean age was 34.2 (SD=7.5) years. About 51% of pharmacists reported they had used herbal therapy in their lifetime. The majority were interested in herbal informati...

2007-01-01

82

Attitude of Physicians towards the Follow-up of Renal Transplant Patients: A Questionnaire Survey in Saudi Arabia  

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Full Text Available The goal of this study was to evaluate the attitude of the physicians towards the follow-up of the renal transplant patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. We sent a questionnaire to 168 physicians working in 148 active dialysis centers in the KSA. The study was conducted from June-October 2005. There were 140 physicians (83.3% who answered the questionnaire; they represented 136 (91.9% dialysis centers. There were 43 (31.2% respondents who had a transplant clinic for follow-up of transplant recipients. Of the 96 (69.1% who did not have a clinic, 29 (30.2% claimed expertise for follow-up of transplant recipients, six (6.2% had a laboratory set-up to monitor the immunosuppressive drug levels and 40 (44.4% felt the need for one. There were 121 (89% respondents who would consider the chronic renal failure (CRF patients for transplantation because it is the best form of therapy. Seventy-seven respondents (55% had a protocol for work-up of the CRF patients for transplantation, 31 (22.3% had a coordinator for the work-up of the transplant candidates, 34 (24.5% had regular meetings to decide on the waiting list for transplantation, and 51 (37.8% had affiliation with, or worked at a transplant center. Nevertheless, 127 (90.7% respondents believed that the results of renal transplantation were good enough to recommend the procedure to all patients as early as possible. There were 133 (97.1% respondents who believed that organ shortage was the major factor for the low percentage of renal transplantation. Only 52 (37.1% respondents knew about the recent regulations established by the World Health Organization (WHO for organ donation. There were 63 (48.1% respondents who believed that seeking commercial renal transplantation outside the KSA to be unacceptable because of the medical and ethical complications involved. Many respondents (71.4% from non-MOH hospitals, and those who had transplant clinics believed that the tacrolimus + mycophenolate combination was the most popular immunosuppressive regimen for renal transplant patients. Our survey suggests that the current practices concerning the work-up and follow-up of transplant patients in the dialysis centers in the KSA require refinement in terms of the need to enforce the use of a protocol to guide evaluation and therapy in each dialysis unit.

Souqiyyeh Muhammad

2006-01-01

83

What do the needles, syringes, lancets and reagent strips of diabetic patients become in the absence of a common attitude? About 1070 questionnaires in diabetic clinics.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim was to investigate the fate of injection and monitoring material after its use by diabetic patients in different countries (France, Belgium, Luxemburg, Switzeland and Tunisia). Some suitable containers are available for disposal but little is known about the attitudes of patients and physicians to them. 1 070 questionnaires were completed by patients (age: 50 +/- 18 years; diabetes duration: 15 +/- 11 years; 2.8 +/- 1.1 injections per day) visiting 109 doctors. Injections were done at...

Bouhanick, B.; Hadjadj, S.; Weekers, Laurent

2000-01-01

84

Freedom and Safety of an Individual in the Attitude of Liberalism and Christian Social S  

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Full Text Available The article deals with the freedom and safety of an individual under market conditions and ethical limits of market expression in the attitude of liberalism and Christian social science.Liberalism and Christian social teaching admits that market and its mechanism gives an individual and society an opportunity to fulfil their needs better, but differently estimates ethical limits of market expression. It is shown that in the attitude of Christian social teaching the goal of economic action is not only to create welfare for society and the individual but also to secure its safety. In its turn, creation of safety is associated with the necessity to overcome the single-acting dominance of economic values in the market society: ethic values by which economic action of the individual and society should be measured have to penetrate into economic space. 

Valdas Pruskus

2011-02-01

85

Work ethics and general work attitudes in adolescents are related to quality of life, sense of coherence and subjective health – a Swedish questionnaire study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Working life is an important arena in most people's lives, and the working line concept is important for the development of welfare in a society. For young people, the period before permanent establishment in working life has become longer during the last two decades. Knowledge about attitudes towards work can help us to understand young people's transition to the labour market. Adolescents are the future workforce, so it seems especially important to notice their attitudes towards work, including attitudes towards the welfare system. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse upper secondary school students' work attitudes, and to explore factors related to these attitudes. Methods The sample consisted of 606 upper secondary school students. They all received a questionnaire including questions about quality of life (QOL, sense of coherence (SOC, subjective health and attitudes towards work. The response rate was 91%. A factor analysis established two dimensions of work attitudes. Multivariate analyses were carried out by means of logistic regression models. Results Work ethics (WE and general work attitudes (GWA were found to be two separate dimensions of attitudes towards work. Concerning WE the picture was similar regardless of gender or study programme. Males in theoretical programmes appeared to have more unfavourable GWA than others. Multivariate analyses revealed that good QOL, high SOC and good health were significantly related to positive WE, and high SOC was positively related to GWA. Being female was positively connected to WE and GWA, while studying on a practical programme was positively related to GWA only. Among those who received good parental support, GWA seemed more favourable. Conclusion Assuming that attitudes towards work are important to the working line concept, this study points out positive factors of importance for the future welfare of the society. Individual factors such as female gender, good QOL, high SOC and good health as well as support from both parents, positive experience of school and work contacts related positively to attitudes towards work. Further planning and supportive work have to take these factors into account.

Håkansson Anders

2005-10-01

86

Development and assessment of a questionnaire for a descriptive cross – sectional study concerning parents' knowledge, attitudes and practises in antibiotic use in Greece  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Upper Respiratory Infections (URIs are common in children. The cause is usually viral, but parents' attitude often contributes to inappropriate antibiotic prescribing, promoting antibiotic resistance. The objective is to describe the process of developing a questionnaire to assess parents' Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP concerning the role of antibiotics when children suffer from URIs, as well as to evaluate the response rates, the completeness and the reliability (Cronbach of the questionnaires. Finally, to note any limitations of the study. Methods Literature review, along with pre – testing yielded a questionnaire designed to assess the parents' KAP – level. A postal survey was set, in a national sample of 200 schools stratified by geographical region. The participants consist of a multistage geographical cluster sample of 8000 parents. The influence of demographic characteristics (i.e. sex, age, education was analyzed. Cronbach index test and factor analysis were used to assess the reliability of the questionnaire. Results The response rate of the parents was 69%. Islands presented the lowest response rate while in Northern Greece the response rate was the highest. Sixty – eight point nine percent of the sample returned questionnaires fully completed, while 91.5% completed 95% of the questions. Three questions out of 70 were answered in a very low rate which was associated mostly with immigrant respondents. The section describing parents' attitude toward antibiotic use was not completed as much as the sections of knowledge or practices. The questions were factor analyzed and 10 out of the 21 extracted factors were finally evaluated, reducing the number of independent variables to 46. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0.55. However, only items that increased the Cronbach when added were eventually included in the final scales raising the internal consistency to 0.68. Limitations of the study, such as the vocabulary and form of the questionnaire and the idiocycrancy of the respondents, emerged during the analysis. Conclusion The response rate and the completeness of the questionnaires were higher than expected, probably attributed to the involvement of the teachers. The study findings were satisfactory regarding the development of a reliable instrument capable to measure parents' KAP characteristics.

Goutziana Georgia P

2009-05-01

87

Consumer attitudes towards food safety risks associated with meat processing  

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A focus group study with 37 residents of Manhattan, Kansas, was conducted to examine consumers’ risk perceptions of foodborne illnesses from beef. The four focusgroup sessions were designed to determine (1) relative preferences for alternative combinations of public food safety (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP), carcass pasteurization, irradiation) and private protection (home preparation of rare, medium, and well-done hamburgers); (2) how who is at risk (children vs. adu...

Schroeter, Christiane

2001-01-01

88

Nuclear waste: facts, fears, and attitudes  

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Examined the effects of a TV documentary about the safety of the Sellafield nuclear reprocessing plant in the Northwest of England on public attitudes. In a study of 805 respondents (average age 47.8 yrs) to questionnaires from 4 districts in the Southwest of England, the attitudes and beliefs of these Ss were assessed both before and after the documentary about Sellafield. Results indicate a significant attitude change in a more antinuclear direction.

1987-01-01

89

A Study on Knowledge, Attitude And Practice of Laboratory Safety Measures Among Paramedical Staff of Laboratory Services  

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Purpose: A lot of accidents occur in the laboratory due to lack of proper knowledge regarding laboratory safety measures, indifferent attitude & improper implementation of safe laboratory practices. In view of this, the present study on knowledge, Attitude & Practice (KAP) of laboratory safety measures was carried out among paramedical staff of laboratory services of tertiary care teaching hospital, western India. Method: This was a comparative study which used a standardized, structu...

2011-01-01

90

Do specialty registrars change their attitudes, intentions and behaviour towards reporting incidents following a patient safety course?  

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Background: Reporting incidents can contribute to safer health care, as an awareness of the weaknesses of a system could be considered as a starting point for improvements. It is believed that patient safety education for specialty registrars could improve their attitudes, intentions and behaviour towards incident reporting. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of a two-day patient safety course on the attitudes, intentions and behaviour concerning the voluntary reporting of ...

2010-01-01

91

Pharmacists' attitudes and awareness towards the use and safety of herbs in Kuwait  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio fue investigar el conocimiento y actitudes entre los farmacéuticos en Kuwait hacia el uso de plantas medicinales. Métodos: Se diseñó un cuestionario auto-administrado como instrumento para el estudio y se distribuyó entre 100 farmacéuticos cualificados que tra [...] bajan en farmacias privadas y gubernamentales de Kuwait. Resultados: La edad media fue de 34,2 (DE=7,5) años. Alrededor del 51% de los farmacéuticos comunicaron que habían usado plantas medicinale sen su vida. La mayoría estaban interesados en la información sobre plantas medicinales, y su información sobre ellas venía principalmente de la enseñanza en la Universidad. Aunque el conocimiento de los farmacéuticos sobre los usos de las plantas seleccionadas era bueno, su conciencia sobre los efectos adversos era modesta. Alrededor del 31% de los farmacéuticos no tenía suficiente información sobre las posibles interacciones entre las plantas medicinales y los medicamentos convencionales. Conclusión: Se necesita información de plantas medicinales para los estudiantes de farmacia como parte del currículo de la facultad de Farmacia. Deberían establecerse en Kuwait programas de formación continuada para farmacéuticos en ejercicio sobre la seguridad de las diferentes plantas medicinales. Abstract in english Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes among pharmacists in Kuwait towards the use of herbs. Methods: Self-administered questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private p [...] harmacies in Kuwait. Results: The mean age was 34.2 (SD=7.5) years. About 51% of pharmacists reported they had used herbal therapy in their lifetime. The majority were interested in herbal information, and their herbal information came mainly from their previous classes during college. Although the pharmacists' knowledge about uses of selected herbs was good, their awareness about side effects of those herbs was modest. About 31% of the pharmacists did not have enough information about potential interactions between herbs and conventional medicines. Conclusion: Herbal information is needed for pharmacy students as part of the Pharmacy College curriculum. Continuing education programs for practising pharmacists about the safety of different herbal products should be established in Kuwait.

Nada A., Abahussain; Eman A., Abahussain; Fawaz M., Al-Oumi.

92

Creation and Usability Testing of a Web-Based Pre-Scanning Radiology Patient Safety and History Questionnaire Set  

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Recent advances in technology have significantly changed radiology workflow. The main focus of these changes has been the transition from hard copy film to digital imaging. The next transition will be a “paperless” transformation. Web-based versions of the current paper-based patient safety and history questionnaires were created using PHP and MySQL. Two rounds of usability testing using volunteers were completed using tablet PCs. Volunteers were comprised of ten individuals. Ages of volu...

Robinson, Tracy J.; Duvall, Scott; Wiggins, Richard

2009-01-01

93

Safety in numbers? Investigating Australian driver behaviour, knowledge and attitudes towards cyclists.  

Science.gov (United States)

A key tenet of the safety in numbers theory is that as the number of people cycling increases, more drivers will also be cyclists and therefore will give greater consideration to cyclists when driving. We tested this theory in relation to self-reported behaviour, attitudes and knowledge in relation to cycling. An online survey was conducted of Australian drivers (n=1984) who were also cyclists (cyclist-drivers) and drivers who did not cycle (drivers). Cyclist-drivers were 1.5 times more likely than drivers to report safe driving behaviours related to sharing the roads with cyclists (95% CI: 1.1-1.9, pknowledge of the road rules related to cycling infrastructure than drivers; however knowledge of road rules related to bike lanes was low for both groups. Drivers were more likely than cyclist-drivers to have negative attitudes (e.g. cyclists are unpredictable and repeatedly overtaking cyclists is frustrating). Findings from this study highlight the need for increased education and awareness in relation to safe driving behaviour, road rules and attitudes towards cyclists. Specific recommendations are made for approaches to improve safety for cyclists. PMID:24769133

Johnson, Marilyn; Oxley, Jennie; Newstead, Stuart; Charlton, Judith

2014-09-01

94

The Affective Elements of Science Learning: A Questionnaire to Assess--and Improve--Student Attitudes toward Science  

Science.gov (United States)

Student attitudes can have a positive or negative effect on learning. According to Duschl, Schweingruber, and Shouse, "[students'] goals for science learning, their beliefs about their ability to do science, and the value they assign to science learning are likely to influence their cognitive engagement in science tasks" (2007, p. 195). Therefore,…

Williams, Kiesha; Kurtek, Katrina; Sampson, Victor

2011-01-01

95

Development and validation of the Brazilian version of the Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ: An example of merging classical psychometric theory and the Rasch measurement model  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Aging has determined a demographic shift in the world, which is considered a major societal achievement, and a challenge. Aging is primarily a subjective experience, shaped by factors such as gender and culture. There is a lack of instruments to assess attitudes to aging adequately. In addition, there is no instrument developed or validated in developing region contexts, so that the particularities of ageing in these areas are not included in the measures available. This paper aims to develop and validate a reliable attitude to aging instrument by combining classical psychometric approach and Rasch analysis. Methods Pilot study and field trial are described in details. Statistical analysis included classic psychometric theory (EFA and CFA and Rasch measurement model. The latter was applied to examine unidimensionality, response scale and item fit. Results Sample was composed of 424 Brazilian old adults, which was compared to an international sample (n = 5238. The final instrument shows excellent psychometric performance (discriminant validity, confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch fit statistics. Rasch analysis indicated that modifications in the response scale and item deletions improved the initial solution derived from the classic approach. Conclusion The combination of classic and modern psychometric theories in a complementary way is fruitful for development and validation of instruments. The construction of a reliable Brazilian Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire is important for assessing cultural specificities of aging in a transcultural perspective and can be applied in international cross-cultural investigations running less risk of cultural bias.

Trentini Clarissa M

2008-01-01

96

An Analysis of Consumers Food Purchasing Attitudes and Habits in Relation to Food Safety  

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Full Text Available Through the recent developments in food industry, natural and synthetic additive substances are being used in food production to increase the quality and taste of food, to prolong their shelf life and to decrease costs. Despite their many benefits, these applications can sometimes cause allergy, chronic or acute food poisonings, deaths and labor force loss. Therefore, it is crucial that consumers perceive risks stemming from food and learn how to manage them when purchasing and thereby decide whether the food is safe or not. The aim of this study is to examine consumers attitudes pertaining to food safety when buying food and their habits of taking precautions against this matter. The sample of the study was composed of 546 civil servants and teachers residing in the city center of Konya. It was found out that the subjects in the sample group had correct habits in terms of paying attention to food safety but their attitudes in this issue were inadequate. Teachers were found to be more sensitive to the risks stemming from the food additives than civil servants (p<0.01. As for the attitudes to precautions taken in food purchase, teachers were found to be less careless (p<0.05. Contrary to our expectations, it was found out that those with lower educational levels were found to display more conscious consumer attitudes (p<0.05. In terms of habits, women were seen to observe the precautions to be taken when purchasing food more carefully compared to men (p<0.001. Younger consumers were found to pay more attention to the precautions mentioned than older ones (p<0.05.

Mehmet Akman

2011-01-01

97

Knowledge and attitudes of parents and professionals to neonatal BCG vaccination in light of recent UK policy changes: A questionnaire study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Universal BCG vaccination in the UK ended in 2005. The new vaccination policy instead offers a number of different forms of selective vaccination to newborns based on risk of acquiring TB. We set out to assess the attitudes and knowledge of both parents and professionals to the new policy for neonatal BCG vaccination. Methods A short questionnaire was designed, made up of demographic and attitude questions, as well as very basic knowledge questions. The researchers handed out the questionnaire to all parents and professionals in the antenatal and postnatal areas, as well as the paediatric and neonatal units during a 6-week period. The site was the Royal Oldham hospital, a district general hospital with 3250 deliveries per year and multi-ethnic in its population mix. Results A total of 253 completed questionnaires were collected. The ethnic origin of responders was 50.6% White British, 18.2% Bangladeshi, 8.7% Indian, 4% White/Asian, the remaining 18.5% of other origins. 71.5% of responders said they had heard of BCG vaccine. When asked if they knew the new policy for its use, 33.2% answered yes. 24.5% gave the most accurate response when asked who now receives BCG. Conclusion We have found that amongst parents and professionals alike there is a lack of knowledge of the new policy. This has lead to confusion and as knowledge amongst the professionals who identify neonates for vaccination is low, uptake may be sub-optimal. We suggest that units investigate the issue and ensure that the new policy is understood and implemented correctly.

Roberts Hannah

2007-07-01

98

Attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine in chronic pain syndromes: a questionnaire-based comparison between primary headache and low back pain  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM is widely used and popular among patients with primary headache or low back pain (LBP. Aim of the study was to analyze attitudes of headache and LBP patients towards the use of CAM. Methods Two questionnaire-based surveys were applied comparing 432 primary headache and 194 LBP patients. Results In total, 84.75% of all patients reported use of CAM; with significantly more LBP patients. The most frequently-used CAM therapies in headache were acupuncture (71.4%, massages (56.4%, and thermotherapy (29.2%, in LBP thermotherapy (77.4%, massages (62.7%, and acupuncture (51.4%. The most frequent attitudes towards CAM use in headache vs. LBP: "leave nothing undone" (62.5% vs. 52.1%; p = 0.006, "take action against the disease" (56.8% vs. 43.2%; p = 0.006. Nearly all patients with previous experience with CAM currently use CAM in both conditions (93.6% in headache; 100% in LBP. However, the majority of the patients had no previous experience. Conclusion Understanding motivations for CAM treatment is important, because attitudes derive from wishes for non-pharmacological treatment, to be more involved in treatment and avoid side effects. Despite higher age and more permanent pain in LBP, both groups show high use of CAM with only little specific difference in preferred methods and attitudes towards CAM use. This may reflect deficits and unfulfilled goals in conventional treatment. Maybe CAM can decrease the gap between patients' expectations about pain therapy and treatment reality, considering that both conditions are often chronic diseases, causing high burdens for daily life.

Czaja Eva

2011-10-01

99

General practitioners and carers: a questionnaire survey of attitudes, awareness of issues, barriers and enablers to provision of services  

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Abstract Background Approximately one in ten of the UK population are unpaid carers supporting a family member or friend who could not manage without their help, saving the UK economy an estimated £87 billion. This role is known to sometimes have a negative impact on carers and to require support both informally and from statutory services. General practice is a first point of contact for carers but research investigating general practitioners' (GPs') attitudes towards carer...

Greenwood Nan; Mackenzie Ann; Habibi Ruth; Atkins Christine; Jones Ray

2010-01-01

100

Participation in and attitude towards the national immunization program in the Netherlands: data from population-based questionnaires  

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Abstract Background Knowledge about the determinants of participation and attitude towards the National Immunisation Program (NIP) may be helpful in tailoring information campaigns for this program. Our aim was to determine which factors were associated with nonparticipation in the NIP and which ones were associated with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. Further, we analyzed possible changes in opinion on vaccination over a 10 year period. Methods

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Development and validation of the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ) and CAM use and attitudes amongst medical students  

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Abstract Background The need for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and holistic approaches in allopathic medical school curricula has been well articulated. Despite increased CAM instruction, feasible and validated instruments for measuring learner outcomes in this content area do not widely exist. In addition, baseline attitudes or beliefs of medical students towards CAM, and the factors that may have formed them, including use of CAM itself, remain unreported.

Lie Désirée; Boker John

2004-01-01

102

Food safety in hospital: knowledge, attitudes and practices of nursing staff of two hospitals in Sicily, Italy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Food hygiene in hospital poses peculiar problems, particularly given the presence of patients who could be more vulnerable than healthy subjects to microbiological and nutritional risks. Moreover, in nosocomial outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease, the mortality risk has been proved to be significantly higher than the community outbreaks and highest for foodborne outbreaks. On the other hand, the common involvement in the role of food handlers of nurses or domestic staff, not specifically trained about food hygiene and HACCP, may represent a further cause of concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning food safety of the nursing staff of two hospitals in Palermo, Italy. Association with some demographic and work-related determinants was also investigated. Methods The survey was conducted, by using a semi-structured questionnaire, in March-November 2005 in an acute general hospital and a paediatric hospital, where nursing staff is routinely involved in food service functions. Results Overall, 401 nurses (279, 37.1%, of the General Hospital and 122, 53.5%, of the Paediatric Hospital, respectively answered. Among the respondents there was a generalized lack of knowledge about etiologic agents and food vehicles associated to foodborne diseases and proper temperatures of storage of hot and cold ready to eat foods. A general positive attitude towards temperature control and using clothing and gloves, when handling food, was shared by the respondents nurses, but questions about cross-contamination, refreezing and handling unwrapped food with cuts or abrasions on hands were frequently answered incorrectly. The practice section performed better, though sharing of utensils for raw and uncooked foods and thawing of frozen foods at room temperatures proved to be widely frequent among the respondents. Age, gender, educational level and length of service were inconsistently associated with the answer pattern. More than 80% of the respondent nurses did not attend any educational course on food hygiene. Those who attended at least one training course fared significantly better about some knowledge issues, but no difference was detected in both the attitude and practice sections. Conclusion Results strongly emphasize the need for a safer management of catering in the hospitals, where non professional food handlers, like nursing or domestic staff, are involved in food service functions.

La Guardia Maurizio

2007-04-01

103

[Dimensions of parental rearing styles in alcohol dependent patients: first results of the questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].  

Science.gov (United States)

To date no instrument for the assessment of parenting styles is available in the German -language area that has been validated in patients with addictive disorders. Therefore the aim of this study was the confirmatory evaluation of the factor structure of the Questionnaire on Parental Attitudes and Rearing Practices (FEPS) in 186 alcohol dependent patients. The model as proposed by the test developers with the 4 factors Care, Autonomy, Low Punishment, and Low Material Reinforcement showed acceptable fit when residual correlations were allowed (mother: ?(2)/df=1,92, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,79; father: ?(2)/df=1,75, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,82). All factors showed sufficient factor reliabilities as well as good to very good internal consistencies. Factor loadings, discriminations and difficulties of the indicators could be regarded as good, with the exception of 2 items. These results indicate the factorial validity of the FEPS in patients with alcohol dependence. PMID:23446826

Lotzin, Annett; Kriston, Levente; Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Leichsenring, Irina; Ramsauer, Brigitte; Schäfer, Ingo

2013-07-01

104

Versão e adaptação para o português brasileiro do questionário: crenças e atitudes sobre prevenção de perda auditiva / Translation and adaptation of the questionnaire "beliefs and attitudes on hearing loss prevention" into Brazilian Portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: validar a versão para língua portuguesa do questionário "Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas", desenvolvido pelo National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. MÉTODO: a validação do questionário seguiu as seguintes etapas: tradução do idioma inglês par [...] a o português, pré-teste com um subgrupo de 10 trabalhadores, adaptação lingüística, revisão da equivalência gramatical e idiomática e processo inverso de tradução do português para o inglês, para verificar se houve descaracterização do questionário. Participaram do estudo 31 trabalhadores de uma indústria frigorífica, 17 do sexo masculino e 14 do sexo feminino, com idade média de 29 anos e 7 meses. As questões utilizadas foram medidas seguindo a escala de Likert com cinco graus, onde 1 - corresponde a "concordo totalmente" e 5 - "discordo totalmente". A análise fatorial objetivou explicar a ligação entre um conjunto de variáveis correlacionadas. Os trabalhadores responderam ao primeiro questionário (Versão A) e num prazo de 15 dias responderam ao segundo questionário (Versão B). RESULTADOS: a reprodutibilidade do instrumento foi demonstrada pelo índice geral de Alfa de Cronbach de 0, 8146 para o formulário A e 0, 8569 para o formulário B. As correlações foram significantes indicando a validade de construto e conteúdo da versão em Português Brasileiro para o seu uso com uma população trabalhadora. CONCLUSÕES: o questionário foi traduzido e adaptado para ser aplicado na população brasileira, denominado Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas, e servirá como instrumento na avaliação das atitudes e comportamento dos trabalhadores frente ao ruído e prevenção de perdas auditivas. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to evaluate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the instrument "Beliefs and Attitudes on Hearing Loss Prevention", developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. METHOD: the development of the Portuguese scale followed the following steps: translation from E [...] nglish into Brazilian Portuguese, pre-test with a group of 10 workers compared to the target population, linguistic adaptation, review of grammatical and idiomatic equivalence, and reverse translation into English in order to check that the instrument remained true to its original version. Following this elements, the Portuguese instrument was validated with the group of 31 workers. The participating workers came from a meat-packing company. Seventeen were males and 14 were females, and their mean age was 29 years and 7 months. The questions were constructed using a 5-point Likert scale where 1 meant "disagree completely" and 5 meant "agree completely." A factorial analysis was conducted in order to check construct validity of correlated questionnaire items. The participants responded to the first questionnaire (version A) and 15 days later responded to the second questionnaire (Version B). RESULTS: the validity of the entire instrument was demonstrated by a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.8146 for the version A of the instrument and 0.8569 for the Version B. The significant correlations among related questionnaire items indicate the validity of its format and content for the intended usage with a Brazilian Portuguese version with a population of workers. CONCLUSIONS: the questionnaire was translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and will facilitate the evaluation of attitudes and beliefs of Brazilian-Portuguese speaking workers towards noise and hearing loss prevention.

Bramatti, Luciana; Morata, Thais Catalani; Marques, Jair Mendes; Martini, Ulisses Gabriel.

105

Versão e adaptação para o português brasileiro do questionário: crenças e atitudes sobre prevenção de perda auditiva Translation and adaptation of the questionnaire "beliefs and attitudes on hearing loss prevention" into Brazilian Portuguese  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: validar a versão para língua portuguesa do questionário "Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas", desenvolvido pelo National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. MÉTODO: a validação do questionário seguiu as seguintes etapas: tradução do idioma inglês para o português, pré-teste com um subgrupo de 10 trabalhadores, adaptação lingüística, revisão da equivalência gramatical e idiomática e processo inverso de tradução do português para o inglês, para verificar se houve descaracterização do questionário. Participaram do estudo 31 trabalhadores de uma indústria frigorífica, 17 do sexo masculino e 14 do sexo feminino, com idade média de 29 anos e 7 meses. As questões utilizadas foram medidas seguindo a escala de Likert com cinco graus, onde 1 - corresponde a "concordo totalmente" e 5 - "discordo totalmente". A análise fatorial objetivou explicar a ligação entre um conjunto de variáveis correlacionadas. Os trabalhadores responderam ao primeiro questionário (Versão A e num prazo de 15 dias responderam ao segundo questionário (Versão B. RESULTADOS: a reprodutibilidade do instrumento foi demonstrada pelo índice geral de Alfa de Cronbach de 0, 8146 para o formulário A e 0, 8569 para o formulário B. As correlações foram significantes indicando a validade de construto e conteúdo da versão em Português Brasileiro para o seu uso com uma população trabalhadora. CONCLUSÕES: o questionário foi traduzido e adaptado para ser aplicado na população brasileira, denominado Crenças e Atitudes sobre a Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas, e servirá como instrumento na avaliação das atitudes e comportamento dos trabalhadores frente ao ruído e prevenção de perdas auditivas.PURPOSE: to evaluate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the instrument "Beliefs and Attitudes on Hearing Loss Prevention", developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1996. METHOD: the development of the Portuguese scale followed the following steps: translation from English into Brazilian Portuguese, pre-test with a group of 10 workers compared to the target population, linguistic adaptation, review of grammatical and idiomatic equivalence, and reverse translation into English in order to check that the instrument remained true to its original version. Following this elements, the Portuguese instrument was validated with the group of 31 workers. The participating workers came from a meat-packing company. Seventeen were males and 14 were females, and their mean age was 29 years and 7 months. The questions were constructed using a 5-point Likert scale where 1 meant "disagree completely" and 5 meant "agree completely." A factorial analysis was conducted in order to check construct validity of correlated questionnaire items. The participants responded to the first questionnaire (version A and 15 days later responded to the second questionnaire (Version B. RESULTS: the validity of the entire instrument was demonstrated by a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.8146 for the version A of the instrument and 0.8569 for the Version B. The significant correlations among related questionnaire items indicate the validity of its format and content for the intended usage with a Brazilian Portuguese version with a population of workers. CONCLUSIONS: the questionnaire was translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and will facilitate the evaluation of attitudes and beliefs of Brazilian-Portuguese speaking workers towards noise and hearing loss prevention.

Luciana Bramatti

2012-02-01

106

DRUG USE ATTITUDE OF TURKISH ARMED FORCES PILOTS  

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Introduction: Because of the dangers in the nature of flight, pilots have to fly in perfect medical conditions. Besides the undesirable effects of the diseases, side effects of the medications used in the treatment might also risk flight safety. In this study, we investigated the drug use attitude of Turkish Armed Forces pilots. Material-Method: In order to investigate their drug use attitude, a questionnaire was given to 408 pilots at GATA Aerospace Medical Center. Drug use attitude, drugs u...

2004-01-01

107

Sense of ownership and evaluation of safety. Questionnaire survey for reclamation project in the uranium mine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To obtain public understanding on the uranium mining sites reclamation at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, it is necessary to conduct appropriate Risk Communication (RC). In this study, to discuss the appropriate Risk communication method on the uranium mining sites reclamation, we conducted questionnaire survey and SEM analysis. The results of the pass analysis are as follows: (1) in the group which has high-sense of ownership, risk acceptance has a strong impact on sense of security for uranium mining sites reclamation, (2) in the group which shows low-sense of ownership, hatred for radioactive ray has a strong impact relatively. (author)

2010-11-01

108

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76{+-}11.20, 90.55{+-}8.59, 80.58{+-}11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55{+-}9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as {gamma} = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships.

Han, Eun Ok [Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2007-06-15

109

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76±11.20, 90.55±8.59, 80.58±11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55±9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as ? = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships

2007-06-01

110

A system dynamics approach for modeling construction workers' safety attitudes and behaviors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Construction accidents are caused by an unsafe act (i.e., a person's behavior or activity that deviates from normal accepted safe procedure) and/or an unsafe condition (i.e., a hazard or an unsafe mechanical or physical environment). While there has been dramatic improvement in creating safer construction environments, relatively little is known regarding the elimination of construction workers' unsafe acts. To address this deficiency, this paper aims to develop a system dynamics (SD)-based model of construction workers' mental processes that can help analyze the feedback mechanisms and the resultant dynamics regarding the workers' safety attitudes and safe behaviors. The developed model is applied to examine the effectiveness of three safety improvement policies: incentives for safe behaviors, and increased levels of communication and immersion in accidents. Application of the model verifies the strong potential of the developed model to provide a better understanding of how to eliminate unsafe acts, and to function as a robust test-bed to assess the effectiveness of safety programs or training sessions before their implementation. PMID:24268437

Shin, Mingyu; Lee, Hyun-Soo; Park, Moonseo; Moon, Myunggi; Han, Sangwon

2014-07-01

111

Truck Drivers' Opinion on Road Safety in Tanzania-A Questionnaire Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: Even though the traffic fatality risk (fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants) in Tanzania is quite low, the fatality rate (fatalities per 10,000 vehicles) is one of the highest in the world. With increasing vehicle density this means that the number of people dying in traffic will increase dramatically in the near future. Therefore, it is important to implement measures to increase traffic safety as soon as possible, and in order to be able to do this in an efficient way, it is import...

2013-01-01

112

Examining Variation in Attitudes toward Aggressive Retaliation and Perceptions of Safety among Bullies, Victims, and Bully/Victims  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the link between involvement in bullying, as either a bully, victim, or bully/victim, and attitudes toward violence and perceptions of safety among 16,012 middle and high school students. Analyses indicated that 37.6% were frequently involved in bullying. Bully/victims were the most likely to report feeling unsafe and…

Bradshaw, Catherine P.; O'Brennan, Lindsey M.; Sawyer, Anne L.

2008-01-01

113

Stigmatizing attitudes in relatives of people with schizophrenia: a study using the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 / Atitudes estigmatizantes em familiares de pessoas com esquizofrenia: um estudo utilizando o Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Na doença mental, a família pode ser um agente do processo de estigmatização. Devido à falta de informação adequada e de recursos e ao cansaço decorrente do processo de cuidar, ela pode contribuir para a exclusão social do familiar doente e desinvestir na sua recuperação. Além disso, pod [...] e também ser detentora de autoestigma, observando-se uma diminuição da autoestima e da autovalorização da família. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença de atitudes estigmatizantes em um grupo de familiares de pacientes com esquizofrenia, relativamente às pessoas com esse diagnóstico. MÉTODO: Neste estudo exploratório, foram inquiridos 40 familiares de pacientes com esquizofrenia tratados na Unidade de Psiquiatria Comunitária do Serviço de Psiquiatria do Centro Hospitalar de São João (CHSJ), em Porto, Portugal, utilizando a versão portuguesa preliminar do Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27. RESULTADOS: As dimensões do questionário que apresentaram médias mais elevadas foram ajuda, pena e coação, seguidas de segregação, irritação, evitamento, perigo, responsabilidade e, por último, medo. Esses resultados sugerem que os familiares não atribuem às pessoas com esquizofrenia a responsabilidade de estarem doentes e que mostram preocupação e disponibilidade para ajudar. Eles evitam as pessoas com esquizofrenia mas não sentem medo delas nem as consideram perigosas. CONCLUSÃO: Os participantes manifestam atitudes positivas e pouco estigmatizantes para com as pessoas com esquizofrenia, decorrentes da sua familiaridade com a doença mental grave, de um processo de atribuição adequado e da baixa percepção de perigosidade. Contudo, os valores de coação, pena e segregação podem traduzir algum estigma encoberto que pode influenciar a autodeterminação da pessoa com experiência de doença mental grave, sugerindo-se intervenções no âmbito da psicoeducação familiar. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Family members of people with mental disorders can contribute to stigmatization. Because of the lack of adequate information and resources, and the fatigue resulting from daily care, the family can reinforce social exclusion of the mentally ill and disbelieve recovery. Furthermore, famil [...] y members may also suffer from self-stigma, experiencing a decrease in their own self-esteem and self-worth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of stigmatizing attitudes towards patients diagnosed with schizophrenia in a group of relatives of patients with this disorder. METHODS: In this exploratory study, we surveyed 40 family members of patients with schizophrenia seen at the Community Psychiatry Unit of the Psychiatry Department at Centro Hospitalar de São João (CHSJ), in Porto, Portugal, using a preliminary version of the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 in Portuguese. RESULTS: The questionnaire dimensions with the highest mean scores were help, pity, and coercion, followed by segregation, anger, avoidance, dangerousness, responsibility, and fear. These results suggest that relatives do not see people with schizophrenia as responsible for their illness and that they show concern and willingness to help. They avoid but do not fear people with schizophrenia and neither consider them dangerous. CONCLUSION: The participants expressed positive, little stigmatizing attitudes towards people with schizophrenia, probably as a result of their familiarity with severe mental disorder, an adequate attribution process, and low levels of perceived dangerousness. However, the high scores of coercion, pity, and segregation may reflect concealed stigmas that may influence the self-determination of the mentally ill, suggesting the need for psychoeducational interventions aimed at family members.

Sara de, Sousa; António, Marques; Curral, Rosário; Cristina, Queirós.

114

Stigmatizing attitudes in relatives of people with schizophrenia: a study using the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 Atitudes estigmatizantes em familiares de pessoas com esquizofrenia: um estudo utilizando o Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Family members of people with mental disorders can contribute to stigmatization. Because of the lack of adequate information and resources, and the fatigue resulting from daily care, the family can reinforce social exclusion of the mentally ill and disbelieve recovery. Furthermore, family members may also suffer from self-stigma, experiencing a decrease in their own self-esteem and self-worth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of stigmatizing attitudes towards patients diagnosed with schizophrenia in a group of relatives of patients with this disorder. METHODS: In this exploratory study, we surveyed 40 family members of patients with schizophrenia seen at the Community Psychiatry Unit of the Psychiatry Department at Centro Hospitalar de São João (CHSJ, in Porto, Portugal, using a preliminary version of the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 in Portuguese. RESULTS: The questionnaire dimensions with the highest mean scores were help, pity, and coercion, followed by segregation, anger, avoidance, dangerousness, responsibility, and fear. These results suggest that relatives do not see people with schizophrenia as responsible for their illness and that they show concern and willingness to help. They avoid but do not fear people with schizophrenia and neither consider them dangerous. CONCLUSION: The participants expressed positive, little stigmatizing attitudes towards people with schizophrenia, probably as a result of their familiarity with severe mental disorder, an adequate attribution process, and low levels of perceived dangerousness. However, the high scores of coercion, pity, and segregation may reflect concealed stigmas that may influence the self-determination of the mentally ill, suggesting the need for psychoeducational interventions aimed at family members.INTRODUÇÃO: Na doença mental, a família pode ser um agente do processo de estigmatização. Devido à falta de informação adequada e de recursos e ao cansaço decorrente do processo de cuidar, ela pode contribuir para a exclusão social do familiar doente e desinvestir na sua recuperação. Além disso, pode também ser detentora de autoestigma, observando-se uma diminuição da autoestima e da autovalorização da família. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença de atitudes estigmatizantes em um grupo de familiares de pacientes com esquizofrenia, relativamente às pessoas com esse diagnóstico. MÉTODO: Neste estudo exploratório, foram inquiridos 40 familiares de pacientes com esquizofrenia tratados na Unidade de Psiquiatria Comunitária do Serviço de Psiquiatria do Centro Hospitalar de São João (CHSJ, em Porto, Portugal, utilizando a versão portuguesa preliminar do Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27. RESULTADOS: As dimensões do questionário que apresentaram médias mais elevadas foram ajuda, pena e coação, seguidas de segregação, irritação, evitamento, perigo, responsabilidade e, por último, medo. Esses resultados sugerem que os familiares não atribuem às pessoas com esquizofrenia a responsabilidade de estarem doentes e que mostram preocupação e disponibilidade para ajudar. Eles evitam as pessoas com esquizofrenia mas não sentem medo delas nem as consideram perigosas. CONCLUSÃO: Os participantes manifestam atitudes positivas e pouco estigmatizantes para com as pessoas com esquizofrenia, decorrentes da sua familiaridade com a doença mental grave, de um processo de atribuição adequado e da baixa percepção de perigosidade. Contudo, os valores de coação, pena e segregação podem traduzir algum estigma encoberto que pode influenciar a autodeterminação da pessoa com experiência de doença mental grave, sugerindo-se intervenções no âmbito da psicoeducação familiar.

Sara de Sousa

2012-01-01

115

The Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ): development and validation of an effective patient-reported tool for outcome measurement and patient safety in shoulder surgery  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Outcome measurement in shoulder surgery is essential to evaluate the patient safety and treatment efficiency. Currently this is jeopardized by the fact that most patient-reported self-assessment instruments are not comparable. Hence, the aim was to develop a reliable self-assessment questionnaire which allows an easy follow-up of patients. The questionnaire also allows the calculation of 3 well established scoring systems, i.e. the Shoulder Pain and Disabi...

Schmidutz Florian; Beirer Marc; Braunstein Volker; Bogner Viktoria; Wiedemann Ernst; Biberthaler Peter

2012-01-01

116

Training method for enhancement of safety attitude in nuclear power plant based on crew resource management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A conventional training program for nuclear power plant operators has been developed with emphasis on improvement of knowledge and skills of individual operators. Although it has certainly contributed to safety operation of nuclear power plants, some recent incidents have indicated the necessity of an improved training program aiming at improvement of the performance of operators working as a team. In the aviation area, crew resource management (CRM) training has shown the effect of resolving team management issues of flight crews, aircraft maintenance crews, and so on. In the present research, we attempted to introduce the CRM concept into operator training in nuclear power plants as training for conceptual skill enhancement. In this paper, a training method specially customized for nuclear power plant operators based on CRM is proposed. The proposed method has been practically utilized in the management training course of Japan Nuclear Technology Institute. The validity of the proposed method has been evaluated by means of a questionnaire survey. (author)

2010-12-01

117

What do the needles, syringes, lancets and reagent strips of diabetic patients become in the absence of a common attitude? About 1070 questionnaires in diabetic clinics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim was to investigate the fate of injection and monitoring material after its use by diabetic patients in different countries (France, Belgium, Luxemburg, Switzeland and Tunisia). Some suitable containers are available for disposal but little is known about the attitudes of patients and physicians to them. 1 070 questionnaires were completed by patients (age: 50 +/- 18 years; diabetes duration: 15 +/- 11 years; 2.8 +/- 1.1 injections per day) visiting 109 doctors. Injections were done at home (72.6%), or both at home and at work (26.6%). At home: needles, syringes, lancets and reagent strips were thrown directly into the bin in 46.9%, 49.9%, 52.2% and 67.6% of cases, respectively; and in a closed plastic bottle in 29. 6%, 28.5%, 28.9% and 19.9% of cases, respectively. Specific containers were used in 8.6% and 6.3% of cases for needles and syringes, respectively. 62% of the bottles and containers were thrown directly into the bin, whereas 15.5% were returned to a pharmacy (4.5% taken to hospitals, 2.9% were burned). At work: 63% of the patients brought their needles and syringes home for disposal, 6.9% kept suitable containers at work and 30% threw their materials directly into local bins. We conclude that awareness should be increased and the organization of the collection of used material improved. PMID:11011221

Bouhanick, B; Hadjadj, S; Weekers, L

2000-09-01

118

Validação dos questionários de conhecimento (DKN-A e atitude (ATT-19 de Diabetes Mellitus Validation of Diabetes Mellitus knowledge (DKN-A and attitude (ATT-19 questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar a adaptação transcultural dos instrumentos Diabetes Knowledge Scale e Attitudes Questionnaires, específicos para avaliação do conhecimento e atitudes de pacientes com Diabetes Mellitus. MÉTODOS: Os instrumentos foram submetidos às seguintes etapas: apresentação, tradução, back-translation, avaliação das equivalências semântica e idiomática, cultural e conceitual, e pré-teste. Os questionários foram aplicados em duas oportunidades, com intervalos de um mês, em uma amostra de 61 pacientes com Diabetes Tipo 2 cadastrados num hospital universitário. Utilizou-se um desenho de estudo de confiabilidade teste-reteste das respostas, que foram analisadas e estimadas pelo Coeficiente de Kappa. RESULTADOS: Os achados sugerem adequação do processo de adaptação cultural dos instrumentos para a língua portuguesa. Na análise de confiabilidade, o coeficiente de Kappa alcançou nível de concordância de moderada a forte (0,44 a 0,69 em grande parte das questões. CONCLUSÕES: Os instrumentos mostraram ser de fácil compreensão pelos sujeitos do estudo e confiáveis e válidos para uso na avaliação de programas educativos em Diabetes Mellitus na realidade brasileira.

Heloisa C Torres

2005-12-01

119

Validação dos questionários de conhecimento (DKN-A) e atitude (ATT-19) de Diabetes Mellitus / Validation of Diabetes Mellitus knowledge (DKN-A) and attitude (ATT-19) questionnaires  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english OBJETIVO: Apresentar a adaptação transcultural dos instrumentos Diabetes Knowledge Scale e Attitudes Questionnaires, específicos para avaliação do conhecimento e atitudes de pacientes com Diabetes Mellitus. MÉTODOS: Os instrumentos foram submetidos às seguintes etapas: apresentação, tradução, back-t [...] ranslation, avaliação das equivalências semântica e idiomática, cultural e conceitual, e pré-teste. Os questionários foram aplicados em duas oportunidades, com intervalos de um mês, em uma amostra de 61 pacientes com Diabetes Tipo 2 cadastrados num hospital universitário. Utilizou-se um desenho de estudo de confiabilidade teste-reteste das respostas, que foram analisadas e estimadas pelo Coeficiente de Kappa. RESULTADOS: Os achados sugerem adequação do processo de adaptação cultural dos instrumentos para a língua portuguesa. Na análise de confiabilidade, o coeficiente de Kappa alcançou nível de concordância de moderada a forte (0,44 a 0,69) em grande parte das questões. CONCLUSÕES: Os instrumentos mostraram ser de fácil compreensão pelos sujeitos do estudo e confiáveis e válidos para uso na avaliação de programas educativos em Diabetes Mellitus na realidade brasileira.

Heloisa C, Torres; Hortale, Virginia A; Virginia T, Schall.

120

Validação dos questionários de conhecimento (DKN-A) e atitude (ATT-19) de Diabetes Mellitus / Validation of Diabetes Mellitus knowledge (DKN-A) and attitude (ATT-19) questionnaires  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english OBJETIVO: Apresentar a adaptação transcultural dos instrumentos Diabetes Knowledge Scale e Attitudes Questionnaires, específicos para avaliação do conhecimento e atitudes de pacientes com Diabetes Mellitus. MÉTODOS: Os instrumentos foram submetidos às seguintes etapas: apresentação, tradução, back-t [...] ranslation, avaliação das equivalências semântica e idiomática, cultural e conceitual, e pré-teste. Os questionários foram aplicados em duas oportunidades, com intervalos de um mês, em uma amostra de 61 pacientes com Diabetes Tipo 2 cadastrados num hospital universitário. Utilizou-se um desenho de estudo de confiabilidade teste-reteste das respostas, que foram analisadas e estimadas pelo Coeficiente de Kappa. RESULTADOS: Os achados sugerem adequação do processo de adaptação cultural dos instrumentos para a língua portuguesa. Na análise de confiabilidade, o coeficiente de Kappa alcançou nível de concordância de moderada a forte (0,44 a 0,69) em grande parte das questões. CONCLUSÕES: Os instrumentos mostraram ser de fácil compreensão pelos sujeitos do estudo e confiáveis e válidos para uso na avaliação de programas educativos em Diabetes Mellitus na realidade brasileira.

Heloisa C, Torres; Hortale, Virginia A; Virginia T, Schall.

 
 
 
 
121

Structure of a Questionnaire on Children's Attitudes towards Inclusive Physical Education (CAIPE-CZ [Struktura ?eského p?ekladu dotazníku "Children's Attitudes toward Inclusive Physical Education" (CAIPE-CZ  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The process of educating children with and without disabilities together has had many titles in the past, starting with mainstreaming, changing into integration and finally arriving at the current title of inclusion. While inclusion has become widespread, studies aiming to help us understand this phenomenon and variables that influence it have been limited mainly to the study of inclusion as a process and attitudes of teachers towards inclusive physical education. In order to study inclusion we also need to have questionnaires to measure the beliefs of children without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to translate and modify the CAIPE-R instrument, to describe the structure of its components and to compare the structure of CAIPE's Czech version (CAIPE-CZ to the original instrument. METHODS: The original questionnaire, CAIPE-R (Block, 1995, was modified and translated using a standard back translation procedure. Data were collected from 140 girls (mean age 13.12 years, SD = 1.61 and 146 boys (mean age 13.26 years, SD = 1.48 and analyzed using SPSS-PC 19.0 software. RESULTS: The results of principal component factor analysis with Varimax rotation have proven the two component structure of the CAIPE-CZ questionnaire. The first four items are loaded in one factor which was titled as "General beliefs about inclusion in physical education". In contrast with the original CAIPE-R questionnaire, the fifth and sixth items are loaded to the second component together with 4 other items. This component was titled "Beliefs about actual behavior". CONCLUSION: CAIPE-CZ was translated using a standardized procedure and shows a high internal consistency and is also sensitive to detecting differences between groups of children with personal experiences with students with disabilities and those without such experiences. Thus CAIPE-CZ is ready to use for future studies about the attitudes of children towards inclusive physical education.[VÝCHODISKA: Spole?né vzd?lávání žák? se zdravotním postižením a žák? intaktních m?lo v minulosti vice názv?. V ?eštin? v sou?asnosti p?evládá termín integrace a v angli?tin? termín inkluze (inclusion. V?tšina výzkumu se prozatím orientovala na postoje u?itel? t?lesné výchovy, ale úsp?šná integrace je podmín?ná porozum?ním také postoj?m intaktních žák?. Z tohoto d?vodu je t?eba kvalitních a standardizovaných metodologických nástroj?. CÍLE: Cílem této studie je p?eložit modifikovaný dotazník CAIPE-R, popsat jeho strukturu a porovnat strukturu ?eského p?ekladu s originálním dotazníkem. METODIKA: Dotazník CAIPE-R (Block, 1995 byl modifikován a p?eložen s využitím standardní procedury zp?tného p?ekladu. Výzkumný vzorek tvo?ilo 140 dívek (pr?m?rný v?k = 13,12 rok? a 146 chlapc? (pr?m?rný v?k = 13,26 rok?. Analýza byla provedena s využitím softwaru SPSS PC 19.0. VÝSLEDKY: Výsledky faktorové analýzy prokázali strukturu dotazníku o dvou škálách, které byly nazvány: "Obecné tvrzení k integraci ve školní TV" a "P?esv?d?ení o vlastním jednání". ?eský dotazník prokázal podobnou strukturu s výjimkou po?tu tvrzení, která se stala sou?ástí první škály. ZÁV?RY: CAIPE-CZ prokazuje vysokou hladinu vnit?ní konzistence (? = 0.84 a je schopen také rozlišit postoje žák?, kte?í mají osobní zkušenosti s d?tmi s t?lesným postižením a t?ch kte?í t

Julie Wittmannová

2011-12-01

122

Public attitudes towards motorcyclists' safety: a qualitative study from the United Kingdom.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the reported research was to examine the perceptions of road user safety amongst different road users and examine the link between attitudes, empathy and skill in motorcycle safety behaviour. Motorcyclists were perceived by the study participants, members of the public at four different locations at the UK (including motorcyclists and non-motorcyclists), as a group be at a high risk of accidents on the road. This was due to perceived behavioural characteristics of motorcyclists--who were viewed as 'thrill seekers'--as well as observed behaviours on the road. This, coupled with the physical vulnerability and excessive speeds, meant that motorbike driving was considered by the study participants as the least safe form of road use. There was broad agreement that motorcycling was dangerous as a whole, but not all motorcyclists were necessarily risky riders. The issue of 'competitive space' emerged between car drivers and motorcyclists in particular and it was suggested that there was a lack of mutual awareness and considerations between the two groups. Generally, greatest empathy comes from drivers who are motorcyclists themselves. Engineering, education, enforcement interventions were investigated. These were aimed at two main areas: normalising safer driving behaviours for motorcyclists and increasing awareness of bikes for motorists--particularly in relation to reducing speed limits at urban junctions. Finally, the idea of risk mapping and reduced speed limits on rural roads was seen as potentially effective--particularly as certain motorcyclists highlighted that they changed their riding behaviours by increasing speed and taking greater risks on these roads. PMID:23036387

Musselwhite, Charles B A; Avineri, Erel; Susilo, Yusak O; Bhattachary, Darren

2012-11-01

123

Empirical Analysis of Construction Safety Climate - A Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Safety in the construction industry has always been a major issue. Though much improvement in construction safety has been achieved, the industry still continues to lag behind most other industries with regard to safety. The safety climate of any organization consists of employee’s attitudes towards and perceptions of, health and safety behavior. Construction workers attitudes towards safety are influenced by their perceptions of risk, management, safety rulesand procedures. A measure of safety climate could be used to identify those areas of safety that need more attention and improvement. The dynamic nature of safety climate, which has the ability to change on daily basis, means there is a great need for reliable tools that can measure safety climate. Safety climate is a leading performance indicator that can provide insight into safety performance before accidents have occurred. In the present study a questionnaire was framed to ascertain safety climate in major construction rganizations across India involved in construction of Thermal power plants, Hydro power plants, Highway projects, Bridge works, Refinery works, High rise works, Pipe line works and Dam woks and its content validity was verified. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was tested by using Cronbachs alpha coefficient. Data was collected based on questionnaire from employees working in various construction firms in India. The results of questionnaires survey was tested statistically by using the Kruskal – Wallis test to ascertain the attitudes of different categories of employees towards safety climate.

S.V.S.RAJA PRASAD

2010-06-01

124

El punto de vista de los pacientes sobre la seguridad clínica de los hospitales: Validación del Cuestionario de Percepción de Seguridad Hospital clinical safety from the patient's point of view: Validation of a safety perception questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Approximately 10% of hospitalized patients suffer an adverse event during their hospital stay. An important proportion of subjects also feel that they have a high risk of suffering such an event during an eventual hospitalization. Aim: To determine the perception on clinical safety among patients discharged from a hospital. Material and methods: A questionnaire about hospital safety was mailed to 1300 patients discharged from a hospital. The questi...

2009-01-01

125

Measures of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Mainstream and BDSM Sexual Terms Using the IRAP and Questionnaire with BDSM/Fetish and Student Participants  

Science.gov (United States)

The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) examines implicit attitudes through the measurement of response latencies. In this study, the IRAP was used to assess implicit attitudes toward "mainstream" sexual terms (e.g., Kissing) and "BDSM" terms (e.g., Bondage) among individuals reporting BDSM interests and among students who did not…

Stockwell, Fawna M. J.; Walker, Diana J.; Eshleman, John W.

2010-01-01

126

Attitudes associated with behavioral predictors of serious road traffic crashes: results from the GAZEL cohort.  

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OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that behavioral predictors of serious road traffic crashes (RTC) are correlated with unfavorable attitudes towards traffic safety. DESIGN: Prospective and cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: France PARTICIPANTS: 13,447 of the 19,894 living members of the GAZEL cohort, workers and recent retirees of a French national utility company followed up since 1989. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Driving behavior and attitudes towards traffic safety in 2001 by questionnair...

Nabi, Hermann; Salmi, Louis Rachid; Lafont, Sylviane; Chiron, Mireille; Zins, Marie; Lagarde, Emmanuel

2007-01-01

127

Food Safety Attitudes in College Students: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of a Conceptual Model  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18–25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safet...

Booth, Rachelle; Hernandez, Magaly; Baker, Erica L.; Grajales, Tevni; Pribis, Peter

2013-01-01

128

Food Safety Attitudes in College Students: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of a Conceptual Model  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18–25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safe...

Rachelle Booth; Magaly Hernandez; Baker, Erica L.; Tevni Grajales; Peter Pribis

2013-01-01

129

The Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ): development and validation of an effective patient-reported tool for outcome measurement and patient safety in shoulder surgery  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Outcome measurement in shoulder surgery is essential to evaluate the patient safety and treatment efficiency. Currently this is jeopardized by the fact that most patient-reported self-assessment instruments are not comparable. Hence, the aim was to develop a reliable self-assessment questionnaire which allows an easy follow-up of patients. The questionnaire also allows the calculation of 3 well established scoring systems, i.e. the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), the Constant-Murley Score (CMS), and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Score. The subjective and objective items of these three systems were condensed into a single 30-questions form and validated against the original questionnaires. Methods A representative collective of patients of our shoulder clinic was asked to fill in the newly designed self-assessment Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ). At the same time, the established questionnaires for self-assessment of CONSTANT, SPADI and DASH scores were handed out. The obtained results were compared by linear regression analysis. Results Fifty one patients completed all questionnaires. The correlation coefficients of the results were r?=?0.91 for the SPADI, r?=?-0.93 for the DASH and r?=?0.94 for the CMS scoring system, respectively. Conclusions We developed an instrument which allows a quantitative self-assessment of shoulder function. It provides compatible data sets for the three most popular shoulder function scoring systems by one single, short 30-item. This instrument can be used by shoulder surgeons to effectively monitor the outcome, safety and quality of their treatment and also compare the results to published data in the literature.

2012-01-01

130

The Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ: development and validation of an effective patient-reported tool for outcome measurement and patient safety in shoulder surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Outcome measurement in shoulder surgery is essential to evaluate the patient safety and treatment efficiency. Currently this is jeopardized by the fact that most patient-reported self-assessment instruments are not comparable. Hence, the aim was to develop a reliable self-assessment questionnaire which allows an easy follow-up of patients. The questionnaire also allows the calculation of 3 well established scoring systems, i.e. the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI, the Constant-Murley Score (CMS, and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH Score. The subjective and objective items of these three systems were condensed into a single 30-questions form and validated against the original questionnaires. Methods A representative collective of patients of our shoulder clinic was asked to fill in the newly designed self-assessment Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ. At the same time, the established questionnaires for self-assessment of CONSTANT, SPADI and DASH scores were handed out. The obtained results were compared by linear regression analysis. Results Fifty one patients completed all questionnaires. The correlation coefficients of the results were r?=?0.91 for the SPADI, r?=?-0.93 for the DASH and r?=?0.94 for the CMS scoring system, respectively. Conclusions We developed an instrument which allows a quantitative self-assessment of shoulder function. It provides compatible data sets for the three most popular shoulder function scoring systems by one single, short 30-item. This instrument can be used by shoulder surgeons to effectively monitor the outcome, safety and quality of their treatment and also compare the results to published data in the literature.

Schmidutz Florian

2012-05-01

131

Portuguese road safety campaigns: an analysis of its influence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Focused in road safety campaigns, thisstudy aims to analyze the attitude of the Portuguesedrivers towards these campaigns, particularly in relationto different creative dimensions. In addition,based on this attitude, this research aims to proposea segmentation of Portuguese drivers accordingto their attitude towards these campaigns. In termsof methodology we developed a conceptual modelinvolving creative dimensions of these campaigns.Subsequently a questionnaire was administered toa sample of...

2012-01-01

132

Evaluation of community knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions relating to water quality and safety in Luvuvhu catchment of South Africa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Health Belief model says for communities to take part in an activity, they need to perceive the risk of failing to take part and the benefits associated with taking part. A study was carried out in Luvuvhu catchment of South Africa to evaluate community knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions relating to water quality and safety. The study was divided into two parts. The first part involved a population of over 8000 people and participatory tools were used to speed up the data col...

2013-01-01

133

Reliability and validity of a scale to measure consumer attitudes regarding the private food safety certification of restaurants.  

Science.gov (United States)

Validated and reliable instruments for measuring consumer attitudes regarding food quality certifications are lacking, but the measurement of consumer attitude could be an important tool for understanding consumer behavior. Thus the objective of this study was to develop an instrument for measuring consumer attitudes regarding private food safety certifications for commercial restaurants. To this end, the following steps were carried out: development of the interview items; complete pilot testing; item analyses (influence of social desirability and total-item correlation); reliability test (internal consistency and test-retest); and validity assessment (content and discriminative validity and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis). The subjects, all over the age of 18 and drawn from six non-probabilistic samples (n=7-350) in the city of Campinas, Brazil, were all subjected to an interview. The final scale included 24 items and had a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.79 and a content validation coefficient of 0.99, both within acceptable limits. The confirmatory factor analysis validated a model with five factors and the final instrument discriminated reasonably well between the groups and showed satisfactory reproducibility (r=0.955). Furthermore, the scale validity and reliability were satisfactory, suggesting it could also be applied to future studies. PMID:22185787

Uggioni, Paula Lazzarin; Salay, Elisabete

2012-04-01

134

Safety culture and safety management aboard tankers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present paper focuses on safety related attitudes/culture and management aboard Norwegian-owned tankers. The data set used in this paper is part of a larger survey study of attitudes towards safety and risk at sea. During the summer and autumn of 2002, a questionnaire was distributed in a self-administered format to seafarers aboard 63 tankers owned by eight shipping companies. A total of 1158 questionnaires were collected from the tanker segment (estimated response rate 70%). The data collected from the tankers interrogated using factor analysis, and four factors were identified. Several hypotheses were tested using a General Linear Model (GLM) and post hoc tests. The results showed significant differences between ship owners, sailors' occupations, sailors' countries of origin and sailors' ages, between flags/registration and between age of vessels, but not between different types of tankers.

2010-05-01

135

Safety culture and safety management aboard tankers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present paper focuses on safety related attitudes/culture and management aboard Norwegian-owned tankers. The data set used in this paper is part of a larger survey study of attitudes towards safety and risk at sea. During the summer and autumn of 2002, a questionnaire was distributed in a self-administered format to seafarers aboard 63 tankers owned by eight shipping companies. A total of 1158 questionnaires were collected from the tanker segment (estimated response rate 70%). The data collected from the tankers interrogated using factor analysis, and four factors were identified. Several hypotheses were tested using a General Linear Model (GLM) and post hoc tests. The results showed significant differences between ship owners, sailors' occupations, sailors' countries of origin and sailors' ages, between flags/registration and between age of vessels, but not between different types of tankers.

Havold, Jon Ivar, E-mail: jh@hials.n [Alesund University College, N-6025 Alesund (Norway)

2010-05-15

136

Stigmatizing attitudes in relatives of people with schizophrenia: a study using the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 Atitudes estigmatizantes em familiares de pessoas com esquizofrenia: um estudo utilizando o Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Family members of people with mental disorders can contribute to stigmatization. Because of the lack of adequate information and resources, and the fatigue resulting from daily care, the family can reinforce social exclusion of the mentally ill and disbelieve recovery. Furthermore, family members may also suffer from self-stigma, experiencing a decrease in their own self-esteem and self-worth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of stigmatizing attitudes towards patients diagnosed...

Sara de Sousa; António Marques; Curral Rosário; Cristina Queirós

2012-01-01

137

Validación de un cuestionario para evaluar la seguridad del paciente en los laboratorios clínicos / Validation of a questionnaire to evaluate patient safety in clinical laboratories  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Es objeto de este trabajo elaborar, pilotar y validar un cuestionario para evaluar la seguridad del paciente en el ámbito específico de los laboratorios clínicos. Métodos: Se elaboró un cuestionario específico sobre seguridad del paciente en el laboratorio, con 62 ítems agrupados en 6 áre [...] as, partiendo de los diferentes factores humanos y del entorno de los laboratorios, que contribuyen a que se generen errores. Se realizó un pilotaje de 30 cuestionarios, análisis de validez y fiabilidad mediante análisis factorial de componentes principales y alfa de Cronbach con envío de 240 cuestionarios a 21 hospitales, y test-retest con 41 cuestionarios con la versión definitiva. Resultados: La muestra la formaron 225 cuestionarios (tasa de respuesta del 80%). De los 62 ítems inicialmente valorados, se descartaron 17 por no cumplir los criterios previos a la realización del análisis factorial de componentes principales. Para los 45 ítems restantes se identificaron 12 componentes, con una varianza acumulada del 69,5%. En 7 de los 10 componentes con dos o más ítems, el alfa de Cronbach fue superior a 0,7. Los ítems valorados del cuestionario para el test-retest resultaron estables. Conclusiones: Se presenta el primer cuestionario con garantías de validez y fiabilidad para evaluar la seguridad del paciente en el ámbito específico de los laboratorios clínicos. El cuestionario resulta una herramienta de utilidad para realizar tanto un posterior macroestudio de los laboratorios clínicos hospitalarios en España como, a nivel particular, para monitorizar y fomentar el compromiso y la responsabilidad con la seguridad del paciente en un entorno de mejora continua. Abstract in english Objectives: The aim of this study was to prepare, pilot and validate a questionnaire to evaluate patient safety in the specific context of clinical laboratories. Methods:: A specific questionnaire on patient safety in the laboratory, with 62 items grouped into six areas, was developed, taking into c [...] onsideration the diverse human and laboratory contextual factors which may contribute to producing errors. A pilot study of 30 interviews was carried out, including validity and reliability analyses using principal components factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha. Subsequently, 240 questionnaires were sent to 21 hospitals, followed by a test-retest of 41 questionnaires with the definitive version. Results: The sample analyzed was composed of 225 questionnaires (an overall response rate of 80%). Of the 62 items initially assessed, 17 were eliminated due to non-compliance with the criteria established before the principal components factor analysis was performed. For the 45 remaining items, 12 components were identified, with an cumulative variance of 69.5%. In seven of the 10 components with two or more items, Cronbach's alpha was higher than 0.7. The questionnaire items assessed in the test-retest were found to be stable. Conclusions: We present the first questionnaire with sufficiently proven validity and reliability for evaluating patient safety in the specific context of clinical laboratories. This questionnaire provides a useful instrument to perform a subsequent macrostudy of hospital clinical laboratories in Spain. The questionnaire can also be used to monitor and promote commitment to patient safety within the search for continuous quality improvement.

Giménez Marín, Ángeles; Rivas-Ruiz, Francisco; SEQC.

138

Validación de un cuestionario para evaluar la seguridad del paciente en los laboratorios clínicos / Validation of a questionnaire to evaluate patient safety in clinical laboratories  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Es objeto de este trabajo elaborar, pilotar y validar un cuestionario para evaluar la seguridad del paciente en el ámbito específico de los laboratorios clínicos. Métodos: Se elaboró un cuestionario específico sobre seguridad del paciente en el laboratorio, con 62 ítems agrupados en 6 áre [...] as, partiendo de los diferentes factores humanos y del entorno de los laboratorios, que contribuyen a que se generen errores. Se realizó un pilotaje de 30 cuestionarios, análisis de validez y fiabilidad mediante análisis factorial de componentes principales y alfa de Cronbach con envío de 240 cuestionarios a 21 hospitales, y test-retest con 41 cuestionarios con la versión definitiva. Resultados: La muestra la formaron 225 cuestionarios (tasa de respuesta del 80%). De los 62 ítems inicialmente valorados, se descartaron 17 por no cumplir los criterios previos a la realización del análisis factorial de componentes principales. Para los 45 ítems restantes se identificaron 12 componentes, con una varianza acumulada del 69,5%. En 7 de los 10 componentes con dos o más ítems, el alfa de Cronbach fue superior a 0,7. Los ítems valorados del cuestionario para el test-retest resultaron estables. Conclusiones: Se presenta el primer cuestionario con garantías de validez y fiabilidad para evaluar la seguridad del paciente en el ámbito específico de los laboratorios clínicos. El cuestionario resulta una herramienta de utilidad para realizar tanto un posterior macroestudio de los laboratorios clínicos hospitalarios en España como, a nivel particular, para monitorizar y fomentar el compromiso y la responsabilidad con la seguridad del paciente en un entorno de mejora continua. Abstract in english Objectives: The aim of this study was to prepare, pilot and validate a questionnaire to evaluate patient safety in the specific context of clinical laboratories. Methods:: A specific questionnaire on patient safety in the laboratory, with 62 items grouped into six areas, was developed, taking into c [...] onsideration the diverse human and laboratory contextual factors which may contribute to producing errors. A pilot study of 30 interviews was carried out, including validity and reliability analyses using principal components factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha. Subsequently, 240 questionnaires were sent to 21 hospitals, followed by a test-retest of 41 questionnaires with the definitive version. Results: The sample analyzed was composed of 225 questionnaires (an overall response rate of 80%). Of the 62 items initially assessed, 17 were eliminated due to non-compliance with the criteria established before the principal components factor analysis was performed. For the 45 remaining items, 12 components were identified, with an cumulative variance of 69.5%. In seven of the 10 components with two or more items, Cronbach's alpha was higher than 0.7. The questionnaire items assessed in the test-retest were found to be stable. Conclusions: We present the first questionnaire with sufficiently proven validity and reliability for evaluating patient safety in the specific context of clinical laboratories. This questionnaire provides a useful instrument to perform a subsequent macrostudy of hospital clinical laboratories in Spain. The questionnaire can also be used to monitor and promote commitment to patient safety within the search for continuous quality improvement.

Giménez Marín, Ángeles; Rivas-Ruiz, Francisco; SEQC.

139

Consumers' beliefs, attitudes and intentions towards genetically modified foods, based on the 'perceived safety vs. benefits' perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

It has been repeatedly claimed that the application of genetic engineering in the field of agricultural and food production is both beneficial and advantageous. However, biotechnology is developing in an environment where public concerns about food safety and environmental protection are steadily increasing. The present study aims at gaining an insight into Greek consumers' beliefs, attitudes and intentions towards genetically modified (GM) food products. The objectives of this study are summarized as follows (i) to provide evidence that consumer beliefs are built around the 'safety-benefits' axis, and (ii) to segment the Greek market in terms of consumer beliefs about GM food products and identify a number of clusters with clear-cut behavioural profiles. Although the overall attitude of Greek consumers towards GM food is negative, the research very interestingly concludes that there exists a market segment of substantial size, whose beliefs about GM food appears to be positive. This finding suggests that there is not a 'consensus' regarding the rejection of GM foods in the Greek market as one might have expected thus 'encouraging' the implementation of adequate marketing strategies to target this segment of 'early adopters' in the first place.

Arvanitoyannis, Ioannis S.; Krystallis, Athanasios

2005-01-01

140

Preparation of Teachers and Schools for Safety in Activity Oriented Science Classes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports 1978/1979 survey results which determined degree of importance Malaysian schools (n=90) and science teachers placed on laboratory safety. Results of 40-item questionnaire (included in an appendix) focusing on laboratory rules, safety precautions, equipment storage, and teacher attitudes, indicate high concern for safety, continuing…

Aun, Koe Chung

1981-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Safety Is 99 Percent Attitude: Strategies to Contain Workers' Compensation Costs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Denver (Colorado) reduced workers' compensation losses 97 percent in 1990-91 by developing a master safety plan, sponsoring safety training, managing medical costs, providing modified duty for injured employees, screening applicants, orienting new employees, investigating claims thoroughly, performing life-safety audits, and…

Parnell, Janet

1993-01-01

142

Reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire to simultaneously assess dietary patterns associated with positive energy balance and food behaviours, attitudes, knowledge and environments associated with healthy eating  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Food behaviours, attitudes, environments and knowledge are relevant to professionals in childhood obesity prevention, as are dietary patterns which promote positive energy balance. There is a lack of valid and reliable tools to measure these parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire assessing all of these parameters, used in the evaluation of a community-based childhood obesity prevention project. Methods The development of the 14-item questionnaire was informed by the aims of the obesity prevention project. A sub-sample of children aged 10–12 years from primary schools involved in the intervention was recruited at the project's baseline data collection (Test 1. Questionnaires were readministered (Test 2 following which students completed a 7-day food diary designed to reflect the questionnaire. Twelve scores were derived to assess consumption of fruit, vegetables, water, noncore foods and sweetened beverages plus food knowledge, behaviours, attitudes and environments. Reliability was assessed using (a the intra class correlation coefficient (ICC and 95% confidence intervals to compare scores from Tests 1 and 2 (test-retest reliability and (b Cronbach's alpha (internal consistency. Validity was assessed with Spearman correlations, bias and limits of agreement between scores from Test 1 and the 7-day diaries. The Wilcoxon signed rank test checked for significant differences between mean scores. Results One hundred and forty one students consented to the study. Test 2 (n = 134 occurred between eight and 36 days after Test 1. For 10/12 scores ICCs ranged from 0.47–0.66 (p 0.05 for 10/12 (test-retest reliability and 3/7 (validity scores. Conclusion This child nutrition questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool to simultaneously assess dietary patterns associated with positive energy balance, and food behaviours, attitudes and environments in Australian school children aged 10–12 years. Thus it can be used to monitor secular changes in these parameters and measure the effectiveness of this and other obesity prevention projects with similar aims.

Magarey Anthea M

2008-01-01

143

Attitudes toward psychotropic medications.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attitudes and beliefs towards psychotropic medication were evaluated among psychiatric outpatients, patients receiving buprenorphine treatment for substance abuse, and a group who reported never having used psychotropic medications (non-users). The Drug Attitude Inventory scale and the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire General were used to assess attitudes and beliefs of 49 participants. Non-users exhibited more negative attitudes and beliefs toward psychotropic medication than both psychiatric groups. PMID:22662401

Fife, Stephanie A; Ketzenberger, Kay E; Olson, James N

2012-04-01

144

Patient safety: Safety culture and patient safety ethics  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Patient safety - the prevention of medical error and adverse events - and the initiative of developing safety cultures to assure patients from harm have become one of the central concerns in quality improvement in healthcare both nationally andinternationally. This subject raises numerous challenging issues of systemic, organisational, cultural and ethical relevance, which this dissertation seeks to address through the application of different disciplinary approaches. The main focus of researchis safety culture; through empirical and theoretical studies to comprehend the phenomenon, address the problems, and suggest possible solutions for improving patient safety through the promotion of safety culture and ethics. I seek to illuminate theissues of patient safety from several perspectives; the organizational healthcare system, in particular the healthcare workers perspectives and experiences, and those of patients who experience the physical effect of poor patient safety. The dissertationconsists of nine papers and an appendix. Paper 1 describes the results of doctors and nurses attitudes towards reporting and the handling of adverse events. Paper 2 is a study and â??reviewâ? of the international literature of assessment of safety culture inhealthcare. Paper 3 summarizes results of an intervention study introducing a reporting system and using a questionnaire survey of safety culture within three Danish hospitals to measure the effects. Paper 4 reports key results from the study in paper 3,demonstrating significant, consistent and sometimes large differences in terms of safety culture factors across the units participating in the survey. Paper 5 is the results of a study of the relation between safety culture, occupational health andpatient safety using a safety culture questionnaire survey and interviews with staff and management in four hospital departments. The appendix contains the Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire tool that I have developed, tested and revised for use in theDanish hospital setting based on the research projects on safety culture described in papers 3, 4 and 5. Paper 6 concerns the attitudes and responses to adverse events from the patientâ??s point of view, using a questionnaire survey, and comparing these tostaffs responses to the same questions.

Madsen, Marlene Dyrløv

2006-01-01

145

Development and validation of the Brazilian version of the Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ): An example of merging classical psychometric theory and the Rasch measurement model  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Aging has determined a demographic shift in the world, which is considered a major societal achievement, and a challenge. Aging is primarily a subjective experience, shaped by factors such as gender and culture. There is a lack of instruments to assess attitudes to aging adequately. In addition, there is no instrument developed or validated in developing region contexts, so that the particularities of ageing in these areas are not included in the measures ...

Chachamovich Eduardo; Fleck Marcelo P; Trentini Clarissa M; Laidlaw Ken; Power Mick J

2008-01-01

146

Occupational safety motivation : What motivates workers to comply and participate in safety activities?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: Motivation is one of the most important factors for safety behaviour and for implementing change in general. However, theoretical and psychometric studies of safety performance have traditionally treated safety motivation, safety compliance and safety participation unidimensionally. At the same time many motivation questionnaire items are seldom founded on theory and/or do not account for the theoriesâ?? ontological and epistemological differences, e.g. of how knowledge, attitude and action are related. Present questionnaire items tap into occupational safety motivation in asking whether or not respondents â??areâ?? motivated and whether they feel that safety is important or worthwhile. Another important aspect is â??whatâ?? motivates workers to comply to and participate in safety. The aim of this article is to introduce a new theory-based occupational safety motivation scale which is validated with interview data, observations and questionnaire items of actual safety behaviour. Method: Seven safety motivation questionnaire items were developed based on a theoretical model with three forms of motivation for safety compliance/participation: normative, social and calculated motivations. The items were tested on a total of 550 workers from 20 different small, medium and large manufacturing enterprises. Results: Ranking patterns of the seven items were similar across all 20 enterprises. Workers were primarily motivated due to normative safety motivations and only secondarily due to social and calculated motivations. In all enterprises the primary motivations for safety compliance/motivation were that it â??contributed to the prevention of accidents and injuriesâ??, and because it was a â??natural partâ?? of their work. Social motivations for safety compliance/participation such as â??gaining respect from colleaguesâ?? and â??avoiding negative remarks from a leader/colleagueâ?? were of less importance. Interview, observational and additional questionnaire data clarify these results. Conclusion: The article provides insight into â??whatâ?? actually motivates workers to comply/participate in safety and possible differences between attitudes and actions.

Pedersen, Louise; Kines, Pete

147

Structure of a Questionnaire on Children's Attitudes towards Inclusive Physical Education (CAIPE-CZ) [Struktura ?eského p?ekladu dotazníku "Children's Attitudes toward Inclusive Physical Education" (CAIPE-CZ)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: The process of educating children with and without disabilities together has had many titles in the past, starting with mainstreaming, changing into integration and finally arriving at the current title of inclusion. While inclusion has become widespread, studies aiming to help us understand this phenomenon and variables that influence it have been limited mainly to the study of inclusion as a process and attitudes of teachers towards inclusive physical education....

Martin Kudlá?ek; Ond?ej Ješina; Julie Wittmannová

2011-01-01

148

Regulator and industry Co-operation on safety research: challenges and opportunities. Final report and answers to questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Group has been set up by the CSNI to identify and review the issues which hinder closer co-operation on research between regulators and industry, and to propose possible ways for resolving such issues while maintaining regulatory independence in decision-making. The Group has analyzed the potential advantages and disadvantages of regulator-industry collaboration in safety research and has also provided indications on how to overcome possible difficulties that can arise from such collaboration. The Group focused in particular on the issue of regulator independence, on means to preserve it and ways to demonstrate it to the public while undertaking collaboration with industry

2003-01-01

149

International Drivers' Behaviour Research Association Cross-National Attitudes and Opinions Survey: Report of UK Findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of an international survey of drivers' attitudes to road safety, 1400 drivers in the UK were sent a questionnaire to elicit their opinions. The response rate (81%) was very good for a postal survey of this length. Overall, respondents had a pessim...

D. G. Jenkins

1978-01-01

150

Evaluation of community knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions relating to water quality and safety in Luvuvhu catchment of South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Health Belief model says for communities to take part in an activity, they need to perceive the risk of failing to take part and the benefits associated with taking part. A study was carried out in Luvuvhu catchment of South Africa to evaluate community knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions relating to water quality and safety. The study was divided into two parts. The first part involved a population of over 8000 people and participatory tools were used to speed up the data collection process. The participants were divided into “sessions” of 45 people each. Each session was divided into 3 groups of 15 people each and each group was then given an assignment to work on and write the findings on flipcharts. Each group then presented at a plenary and the research assistants recorded the findings. The second part was based on the findings from the first part of the study. One major finding was that the communities relied on the physical appearance of water to decide whether the water is safe or not for domestic use. Therefore, the second study aimed at determining the point at which the communities would stop using water for various domestic uses based on the turbidity of the water. Samples of the water with predetermined turbidity values were shown to 1000 participants and each of the participants was asked to indicate where he or she would use the water for various domestic uses such as drinking, cooking, bathing and washing utensils. Although the communities had a wealth of knowledge and practices relating to water quality and safety, their perception of safety using turbidity as an indicator did not tally with scientifically accepted guidelines. Some participants were willing to accept water with turbidity values as high as 39 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU for drinking which is above the recommended maximum turbidity levels in water for domestic use in South African National Standards (SANS 241 of 5 NTU. The communities in Luvuvhu catchment are at risk of contracting water borne diseases and they require health education to raise their level of awareness regarding water quality and safety issues.

L. Nare

2013-04-01

151

Personal Safety Practices, Beliefs and Attitudes of Academic Faculty on a Small University Campus: Comparison of Males and Females (Part 1)  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study reports on a study examining the safety concerns of male and female faculty members on a small university campus. A 160-item questionnaire was distributed to 100 faculty members (58 males and 42 females; response rate was approximately 30%), which asked individuals questions pertaining to socio-demographic information, daily…

Bryden, Pamela J.; Fletcher, Paula C.

2007-01-01

152

Personal Safety Practices, Beliefs and Attitudes of Academic Staff on a Small University Campus: Comparison of Males and Females (Part 2)  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study reports on a study examining the safety concerns of male and female staff members on a small university campus. A 160-item questionnaire was distributed to 231 staff employees (49 males and 182 females), which asked individuals questions pertaining to socio-demographic information, daily routines and campus activities, awareness…

Bryden, Pamela J.; Fletcher, Paula C.

2007-01-01

153

The real-life perception of efficacy, attitude, satisfaction and safety of vardenafil therapy (REPEAT): a prospective, non-interventional, observational study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the improvement in relationship quality, effectiveness and safety associated with vardenafil for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). The study was conducted in 1433 centres across 21 countries and comprised a baseline patient visit and up to four follow-up visits during an observational period of 1 year. Relationship quality, happiness, satisfaction with vardenafil treatment, and safety and tolerability were assessed by physician interviews and patient and partner questionnaires. Overall, 7496 patients were enrolled in the study, of which 7430 were included in the safety analyses and 6470 in the effectiveness analyses. Relationship quality, assessed by a relationship questionnaire (partnerschaftsfragebogen [PFB]), was improved at last observation carried forward, compared with baseline, in both patients and partners and satisfaction with the effectiveness of vardenafil treatment was high. Vardenafil was well tolerated and adverse events were consistent with the known safety profile of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. These results confirm the well-established effectiveness and safety profiles of vardenafil. This study is the first to demonstrate improvements in relationship quality following vardenafil therapy, in both patients and partners, using the PFB questionnaire. PMID:24397688

Hartmann, Uwe; Hanisch, Jens Ulrich; Mattern, Andreas

2014-06-01

154

Public knowledge, risk perception, attitudes and practices in relation to the swine flu pandemic: A cross sectional questionnaire-based survey in Bahrain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction/Objectives: On 10 August 2010 World Health Organization announced that H1N1 influenza virus had moved into the post-pandemic period and hence it is time for countries to evaluate their response to the pandemic. Many studies have been done about the public perception and behaviours toward H1N1 influenza in the western world; however none has been done so far in the Gulf countries. Therefore, this paper investigates the general public knowledge, risk perception, preventive behaviours and practices during the H1N1 pandemic in Kingdom of Bahrain, as a model for the Gulf countries.Methods: The study was conducted using a cross-sectional questionnaire based survey on 771 Bahraini individuals.Results: Despite that the public showed strong adherence to the personal protective hygiene measures, most of them underestimated the threat of H1N1 pandemic as evident in their knowledge of previous pandemics or in their susceptibility perception. Furthermore, misconceptions and wrong beliefs were common, which indicates a gap in the knowledge and practice of the public. For example, most of the public were against taking H1N1 Influenza vaccine and their negative intension was based on the alleged side effects of the vaccine.Conclusion: This study provides a baseline for an ongoing surveillance programme to help the local authorities in improving their pandemic preparatory plans, especially the governmental educational and media campaign.

Essam Janahi

2011-06-01

155

International Students’ Mental Health and Attitude Toward Counseling Centers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to identify the state of international students’ mental health in a university setting. As the second objective, the study investigates students’ attitudes toward seeking help from counseling centers located in their university. A sample of 150 international postgraduate students with mental health problems was selected from a population of 412. For the purpose of data collection a questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire was a researcher-made questionnaire concerning students’ attitude toward seeking counseling help. The findings indicated that from the total of 150 international students with mental health problems only 49 had visited the university counseling center. The main reasons behind the reluctance of students to seek counseling help were students’ negative culture and beliefs, lack of information regarding the location of the counseling center or places that offer related services, lack of necessity to visit counselors and lack of safety when visiting a counselor.

Masoumeh Alavi

2014-01-01

156

Assessment of Safety Culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A strong safety culture leads to more effective conduct of work and a sense of accountability among managers and employees, who should be given the opportunity to expand skills by training. The resources expended would thus result in tangible improvements in working practices and skills, which encourage further improvement of safety culture. In promoting an improved safety culture, NEK has emphasized both national and organizational culture with an appropriate balance of behavioural sciences and quality management systems approaches. In recent years there has been particular emphasis put on an increasing awareness of the contribution that human behavioural sciences can make to develop good safety practices. The purpose of an assessment of safety culture is to increase the awareness of the present culture, to serve as a basis for improvement and to keep track of the effects of change or improvement over a longer period of time. There is, however, no single approach that is suitable for all purposes and which can measure, simultaneously, all the intangible aspects of safety culture, i.e. the norms, values, beliefs, attitudes or the behaviours reflecting the culture. Various methods have their strengths and weaknesses. To prevent significant performance problems, self-assessment is used. Self-assessment is the process of identifying opportunities for improvement actively or, in some cases, weaknesses that could cause more serious errors or events. Self-assessments are an important input to the corrective action programme. NEK has developed questionnaires for safety culture self-assessment to obtain information that is representative of the whole organization. Questionnaires ensure a greater degree of anonymity, and create a less stressful situation for the respondent. Answers to questions represent the more apparent and conscious values and attitudes of the respondent. NEK proactively co-operates with WANO, INPO, IAEA in the areas of Safety Culture and Human Performance. NEK has a strong safety culture, driven from the top with conscious efforts to inculcate the safety thinking in employees from the very start. (author)

2006-05-21

157

Why quad bike safety is a wicked problem: an exploratory study of attitudes, perceptions, and occupational use of quad bikes in northern Queensland, Australia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Quad bike safety represents the quintessential wicked problem. To address this wicked problem, this research explores the use of quad bikes in the northwestern region of outback Queensland, Australia, concentrating efforts on the pastoral industry. Focus groups and interviews were conducted with pastoralists, farmers, retailers, repairers, healthcare professionals, and regulators. The discussions revealed the diverse activities currently undertaken in the region's pastoral enterprises while riding a quad bike, and that attitudes toward the purchase and use of quad bikes vary and may be influenced by retailers. Perceptions of risk and safety in the use of quad bikes in occupational settings also varied. The findings from this study provide insight into the decisions of local pastoralists and agriculturalists to use quad bikes in their workplaces, and attitudes toward safety and injury prevention relating to quad bike use in these industries in northwestern outback Queensland. This study is the first step toward understanding quad bike use in this region, with the goal of reducing injury and death, and will be used in policy and legislation development regarding the use and safety of quad bikes in Australia. PMID:24804463

McBain-Rigg, K E; Franklin, R C; McDonald, G C; Knight, S M

2014-01-01

158

THE INFLUENCE OF MEDIA EXPOSURE, SAFETY AND HEALTH CONCERNS, AND SELF-EFFICACY ON ENVIRONMENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS ELECTRONIC GREEN PRODUCTS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As the high-tech industry evolves at a rapid pace, vast amounts of hazardous materials are used in fuelling its global expansion. These rapid changes in production processes are significantly depleting natural resources. With the surge of popular interest and awareness pertaining to environmental issues, organisations may be in peril if consumers' attitudes towards their products are ignored. This study intends to understand consumers' environmental attitudes towards electronic green products...

2011-01-01

159

Proposal for a questionnaire to assess risk perception concerning a radioactive waste repository  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the key features for public acceptance of nuclear energy is the belief that radioactive waste can be managed safely, in order to protect human beings from its possible harmful effects in present and future generations. In this sense, it is essential to understand how people perceive the risk associated with radioactive waste and which the main factors driving their attitudes toward its disposal are. One of the ways to achieve this understanding is through opinion polls. In this study, a questionnaire focused on the nuclear energy acceptability issue and its association with radioactive waste management was proposed, covering the following aspects: attitudes towards radioactive waste and nuclear power, credibility on institutions and sectors responsible by the nuclear safety, identification of perceived benefits, risk perception of specific technologies and activities, perception of real risk, emotional reaction comprehension and precautionary principle. Results obtained from a pilot questionnaire application are presented and discussed in this paper. (author)

2011-01-01

160

A study on safety climate at nuclear power plants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the current study, we define safety climate as an organizational environment that induces members of the organization to give consideration to safety or take safety actions. It is of utmost importance that people holding managerial positions in an organization have a good understanding of the characteristics of the safety climate of the organization and implement safety promotion activities effectively. In the current research, we studied the rating scales and the characteristics of a safety climate. A survey was conducted, targeting technical engineers who belong to the three power stations of Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. The questionnaire mainly consisted of questions concerning safety measures taken by individuals and questions concerning safety measures taken by the organization, to which the individuals belong. As a result of a factor analysis of the responses, we extracted five factors, namely, 'confidence in knowledge and skill', attitude of supervisors,' 'safety education in workplace', 'clarity of tasks' and 'safety confirmation/report'. In studying the rating scales of the safety climate, we selected five items from each of the above five factors, and used the total scores of the ratings of the five items as scores of each factor. Then, we examined the correlation between scores of personal factors and scores of organizational environment factors. We treated the scores of safety confirmation/report' and 'confidence in knowledge and skill', which are personal factors, as criterion variables, and the scores of 'attitude of supervisors', 'safety education in workplace' and 'clarity of tasks', which are organizational environment factors, as predictor variables. As a result, we found that levels of 'safety confirmation/report' and 'confidence in knowledge and skill' can be deduced from the scores of 'attitude of supervisors', 'safety education in workplace' and 'clarity of tasks.' Hence, we have decided to use these three organizational environment factors as the rating scales of the safety climate. In order to study the characteristics of the safety climate at nuclear power plants, we used a causal model with safety confirmation/report' as the result and other factors as forecasting factors. As a result of the covariance structure analysis using the causal model, it was found that 'safety confirmation/report' is an action based on confidence in knowledge and skill', and is supported by 'attitude of supervisors' and 'clarity of tasks.' The analytical results also indicate that 'safety education in workplace' plays an important role in promoting the sharing of information as a medium factor. As described, 'attitude of supervisors,' 'clarity of tasks' and 'safety education in workplace,' all of which are organizational environment factors, are important forecasting factors that influence individuals' safety actions and hence considered as constituents of the safety climate. (author)

2001-09-01

 
 
 
 
161

HEM??RELER?N HASTA GÜVENL??? KONUSUNDA YÖNET?C?LER?N TUTUMUNU ALGILAYI?I (NURSES’ PERCEPTION OF MANAGERS’ ATTITUDE TO PATIENT SAFETY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Patient safety necessitates building the systems which prevent the errors that may emerge during healthcare services from occurring in such a way to harm patients and taking necessary measures. For this reason, one of the most significant duties of the hospital management is to establish and develop patient safety. Throughout patient safety, a major part of patient care and medical activities is conducted by nurses. Therefore, this study was performed with the intent of evaluating nurses’ perception of management’s patient safety practices on the grounds that both the number of nurses is high and nurses are a member of the healthcare staff that is object of the patient most. The population of the research comprised of 355 nurses serving at Bulent Ecevit University Practice and Research Hospital. In collecting data, questionnaire forms were used. Factor analysis, ANOVA and t-test were exploited in the statistical analysis of the data. As a result of the conducted statistical analyses, it was found that the management has to lay emphasis on supply factor in terms of patient factor.

Oya KORKMAZ

2012-10-01

162

Desenvolvimento e reprodutibilidade de questionário para avaliar práticas e conhecimentos em segurança alimentar de nutricionistas da área clínica / Development and reliability of a questionnaire to assess clinical dietitians' practices and knowledge of food safety  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Os propósitos deste estudo foram desenvolver um questionário para avaliar práticas e conhecimentos em segurança sanitária alimentar, de nutricionistas da área clínica, e medir o nível de reprodutibilidade deste questionário. MÉTODOS: O questionário foi desenvolvido a partir de seis áreas t [...] emáticas: prevenção da contaminação cruzada; higiene pessoal/ambiental; controle de temperaturas e de alimentos de alto risco e segurança alimentar para indivíduos portadores do vírus da imunodeficiência humana/síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida. Para medir o nível de reprodutibilidade, utilizou-se o procedimento de teste e re-teste e a estatística kappa simples. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram os níveis de reprodutibilidade: >0,61 para 95,0%; entre 0,60-0,40 para 2,5% e 0,61), sugerindo que o mesmo representa uma boa opção para avaliar as práticas e os conhecimentos em segurança alimentar de nutricionistas da área clínica, visando ao planejamento de estratégias educativas. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to develop a questionnaire to assess clinical dietitians´ practices and knowledge of food safety and determine the reliability of this instrument. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed around six areas: prevention of cross contamination, personal and env [...] ironmental hygiene; control of temperature and high-risk foods and food safety for individuals with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined by the test-retest method and simple Kappa statistics. RESULTS: The results showed the reliability levels: >0.61 for 95.0%, from 0.60 to 0.40 for 2.5% and 0.61), suggesting that it is a good device to assess clinical dietitians´ practices and knowledge of food safety, which allows for the planning of educational strategies.

Luísa Helena Maia, Leite; William, Waissmann; Alessandra Bento, Veggi.

163

PERCEPTION OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION WORKERS TOWARDS SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT  

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Full Text Available The construction industry is known as one of the most hazardous activities. Therefore, safety on the job site is an important aspect with respect to the overall safety in construction. This paper assesses the safety level perception of the construction building workers towards safety, health and environment on a construction job site in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The above study was carried out by choosing 5 selected large building construction projects and 5 small building construction projects respectively in and around Kuala Lumpur area. In the present study, an exhaustive survey was carried out in these 10 project site areas using a standard checklist and a detailed developed questionnaire. The checklist comprised 17 divisions of safety measurements which are considered and perceived to be important from the safety point of view and was assessed based on the score obtained. The questionnaire comprised the general information with 36 safety attitude statements on a 1-5 Likert scale which was distributed to 100 construction workers. The results of the checklist show the difference of safety levels between the large and small projects. The study revealed that the large projects shown a high and consistent level in safety while the small projects shown a low and varied safety levels. The relationship between the factors can be obtained from the questionnaire. They are organizational commitment, factor influencing communication among workmates, worker related factors, personal role and supervisors’ role factors, obstacles to safety and safe behavior factors and management commitment at all levels in line with the management structure and risk taking behavioral factors. The findings of the present study revealed invaluable indications to the construction managers especially in improving the construction workers’ attitude towards safety, health and environment and hence good safety culture in the building construction industries.

C.R. CHE HASSAN

2007-12-01

164

Diseño y validación de un cuestionario de calidad de los cuidados de Enfermería del Trabajo en los Servicios de Prevención Design of a questionnaire on the quality of occupational health nursing at the safety management services  

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Full Text Available Origen y objetivos: El objetivo principal de este trabajo será elaborar un cuestionario que nos permita conocer la percepción de los trabajadores sobre las actividades que realiza la enfermería del trabajo en los diferentes Servicios de Prevención. Método: El cuestionario se divide en tres partes: 1 Variables sociodemográficas, formadas por 4 items; 2 Opinión sobre el servicio de prevención, formado por 15 items; 3 Opinión de los trabajadores sobre la atención de enfermería, formado por 23 items. Se analizó el comportamiento métrico del cuestionario respecto a la validez de constructo, de criterio y la consistencia interna, para lo cual, se opta por hacerlo según los criterios básicos de Moriyama y el cálculo de índice ? de Conbrach. Para ello se repartieron 55 cuestionarios de control en los diferentes servicios de prevención de la Comunidad de Cantabria y se trataron los datos con el programa SPSS v.15 de análisis estadístico. Resultados: Se superó el criterio de validación establecido, con resultados superiores al 80% en la valoración de los expertos. Encontramos una buena consistencia interna, evidenciada por un Alfa de Cronbach de 0.837 en cada sección. Conclusión: El cuestionario reúne suficientes propiedades psicométricas para ser considerado una herramienta útil y fiable capaz de medir con objetividad la satisfacción de los trabajadores con los cuidados de la enfermería del trabajo.Introduction and Aim: The main aim of this study is to draw up a "Questionnaire on Satisfaction with Occupational Health Nursing" (Cuestionario de satisfacción con los cuidados de la enfermería del trabajo - CUSACET, which will enable us to gauge users' perceptions with regard to the occupational health nursing work carried out by the various safety management services. Materials and Method: The questionnaire is designed to encompass three dimensions: a. Sociodemographic: consisting of four items. b. Opinion of the safety management services: consisting of fifteen items. c. Opinion of care received from the nursing staff at the safety management service, measured by twenty-three items. We opted to do the validation according to the basic criteria of Moriyama and by applying Cronbach's Alpha index. To this end, 55 control questionnaires were given out at various safety management services in Cantabria. The questionnaires were collected and the data recorded onto the statistical analysis program SPSS v.15. Results: The criterion established for validity was exceeded, with results above 80% in assessment by experts in accordance with Moriyama's basic criteria. We encountered good internal consistency, as evidenced by a Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.837 in each section. Conclusions: This paper presents a new instrument, specifically designed to measure the quality of occupational health nursing care through the perceptions of the users who receive it which is reliable and easy to use.

Esperanza Alonso Jiménez

2013-03-01

165

Consumersâ?? attitudes towards green food in China : A hierarchical value-attitude model  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Green food is perceived by Chinese consumers as environmentally friendly and safe to consume. Through a Value-Attitude model, the paper examines the degree to which attitudes towards green food is determined by consumersâ?? values and their general attitudes towards environment and technology. The link between collectivism, attitudes towards environment and attitudes towards green food is the strongest one. Collectivism also influences attitudes towards technology, which in turn influence attitudes towards green food. However, the lack of significant relationship between individualism and attitudes towards technology points towards the belief of Chinese people that technology is a positive determinant of food safety, and that interest in technology steams from altruistic predispositions.

Perrea, Toula; Grunert, Klaus G

166

Language Learners’ Acculturation Attitudes  

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Full Text Available Learning a language involves knowledge of both linguistic competence and cultural competence. Optimal development of linguistic competence and cultural competence, however, requires a high level of acculturation attitude toward the target language culture. To this end, the present study explored the acculturation attitudes of 70 Iranian undergraduate students of English as a Foreign Language, following a one-semester academic sojourn in the United States. The data of the study were collected through a 29-item 5-point Likert scale acculturation attitude questionnaire. Findings indicated that sojourners tended to have close contact with the people of the target society while maintaining their original culture, adopting Integration and Assimilation strategies as their acculturation attitudes. The pedagogical implications of the findings suggested providing opportunities for students of English as a Foreign Language to immerse in the target language culture through organizing academic exchange programs.

Vahid Rafieyan

2013-12-01

167

SAFETY  

CERN Multimedia

CERN Safety rules and Radiation Protection at CMS The CERN Safety rules are defined by the Occupational Health & Safety and Environmental Protection Unit (HSE Unit), CERN’s institutional authority and central Safety organ attached to the Director General. In particular the Radiation Protection group (DGS-RP1) ensures that personnel on the CERN sites and the public are protected from potentially harmful effects of ionising radiation linked to CERN activities. The RP Group fulfils its mandate in collaboration with the CERN departments owning or operating sources of ionising radiation and having the responsibility for Radiation Safety of these sources. The specific responsibilities concerning "Radiation Safety" and "Radiation Protection" are delegated as follows: Radiation Safety is the responsibility of every CERN Department owning radiation sources or using radiation sources put at its disposition. These Departments are in charge of implementing the requi...

Niels Dupont

2013-01-01

168

Evaluation of Safety Culture Implementation and Socialization Results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Evaluation of safety culture implementation and socialization results has been perform. Evaluation is carried out with specifying safety culture indicators, namely: Meeting between management and employee, system for incidents analysis, training activities related to improving safety, meeting with regulator, contractors, surveys on behavioural attitudes, and resources allocated to promote safety culture. Evaluation is based on observation and visiting the facilities to show the compliance indicator in term of good practices in the frame of safety culture implementation. For three facilities of research reactors, Kartini Yogyakarta, TRIGA Mark II Bandung and MPR-GAS Serpong, implementation of safety culture is considered good enough and progressive. Furthermore some indicator should be considered more intensive, for example the allocated resources, self assesment based on own questionnaire in the frame of improving the safety culture implementation. (author)

2003-02-01

169

Evaluate Stochastikon Magister by Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available This paper is the continuation of the work of articles “Strategies for Teaching a Novel Approach to Handling Uncertainty Scientifically via Internet”, “A Graphical Tool for Visualizing Bernoulli Stochastics” and “Empirical Evaluation of Stochastikon Magister”. In this paper we evaluate the usability and learnability of the virtual classroom – Stochastikon Magister by questionnaire. The result shows that more than 70% of the teacher candidates, who selected Magister E-Learning programme to learn Bernoulli Stochastics, feel satisfactory with both Magister learning environment and Bernoulli Stochastics teaching content. Besides, most of the participants hold positive attitudes toward the possibility of using E-Learning systems as a replacement of classroom teaching for educating other subjects of mathematics and natural science. The response to the questionnaire is identical with another empirical evaluation of Stochastikon Magister.

Xiaomin Zhai

2011-03-01

170

Safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report of the Senior Inspector for the Nuclear Safety, analyses the nuclear safety at EDF for the year 1999 and proposes twelve subjects of consideration to progress. Five technical documents are also provided and discussed concerning the nuclear power plants maintenance and safety (thermal fatigue, vibration fatigue, assisted control and instrumentation of the N4 bearing, 1300 MW reactors containment and time of life of power plants). (A.L.B.)

2001-01-01

171

An evaluation of an airline cabin safety education program for elementary school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The knowledge, attitude, and behavior intentions of elementary school students about airline cabin safety before and after they took a specially designed safety education course were examined. A safety education program was designed for school-age children based on the cabin safety briefings airlines given to their passengers, as well as on lessons learned from emergency evacuations. The course is presented in three modes: a lecture, a demonstration, and then a film. A two-step survey was used for this empirical study: an illustrated multiple-choice questionnaire before the program, and, upon completion, the same questionnaire to assess its effectiveness. Before the program, there were significant differences in knowledge and attitude based on school locations and the frequency that students had traveled by air. After the course, students showed significant improvement in safety knowledge, attitude, and their behavior intention toward safety. Demographic factors, such as gender and grade, also affected the effectiveness of safety education. The study also showed that having the instructor directly interact with students by lecturing is far more effective than presenting the information using only video media. A long-term evaluation, the effectiveness of the program, using TV or video accessible on the Internet to deliver a cabin safety program, and a control group to eliminate potential extraneous factors are suggested for future studies. PMID:24286820

Liao, Meng-Yuan

2014-04-01

172

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

173

Food Sanitation Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior for the University Restaurants Employees  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to discuss the food sanitation knowledge, attitude, and behavior for the employees of university restaurants, and furthermore, to explain the interrelations of these various were occurring at school. A questionnaire survey procedure was used. Each two constructs of food sanitation attitude and behavior were analyzed by factor analysis. Data was analyzed by description, Pearson’s correlation and multiple regression analysis. The correctness rate toward the whole sanitation knowledge of trials was 70%. The overall attitude toward food sanitation was prone to positive and the attitude of employee self-responsibility was superior to the attitude of food sanitation practice. The sanitary guiding behavior was better than the sanitary habit behavior; and there was a significant relationship indicated through Pearson correlation analysis among three various. The sanitation knowledge and sanitation attitude showed a 42.6% predictive power to behavior, the attitude was mediated between knowledge and behavior. The university restaurant employees shared a more pessimistic view toward the benefits of training and the institutions could establish a committee for monitoring food nutrition and sanitation. It provides valuable information for development employees training while seeking to raise school restaurant food safety levels.

Wen-Hwa Ko

2011-09-01

174

Effect of national cultural values on safety climate, and safety management system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper investigates the critical role played by the national culture in influencing how workers safely or otherwise behave (mainly in risky situations) on construction sites, and how site managers implement safety management processes and practices. The paper presents the findings of an empirical research study based on a questionnaire survey, administered in Pakistan, targeting construction site managers and workers to gauge the effect national culture has on managers preferences for and perceptions of safety management systems (policies and practices) and than linking this effect to predict workers attitudes and intentional behaviors. (author)

2008-01-01

175

Police Attitudes toward Domestic Violence Offenders  

Science.gov (United States)

Police attitudes are important in facilitating a sense of safety and comfort in women seeking justice-system support for protection from partner violence. This study examined police attitudes toward sanctions and treatment for domestic violence offenders compared with other violent and nonviolent offenders. In addition, police attitudes toward…

Logan, T. K.; Shannon, Lisa; Walker, Robert

2006-01-01

176

A study on people's awareness of the causal factors of the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident and measures to ensure nuclear power plants safety. Questionnaire survey conducted in the Kansai area  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, we conducted three questionnaire surveys targeting a total of 808 respondents living in the cities of Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe, in order to elucidate people's awareness of the following 1) the causal factors of the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident, 2) measures taken by electric power companies to ensure nuclear power plants safety, 3) management measures for earthquake and tsunami disaster. The results revealed that 1) the causal factors of the accident the respondents were aware of were a) a mega earthquake and tsunami disaster, b) insufficient preparations for an earthquake and tsunami disaster, c) failure to take adequate management decisions and insufficient preparations to prevent severe nuclear power plant accidents, d) high confidence in nuclear power plants safety, 2) most respondents knew about the information concerning the measures taken by electric power companies from television and newspapers, and only a few respondents sought additional information, 3) respondents were anxious about a) the uncertainty of pre-disaster hazard assumptions and management measures, b) limitations of technological countermeasures against the natural disasters, c) the tendency to overvalue the safety measures. (author)

2013-10-01

177

Adaptação transcultural e reprodutibilidade de questionário para avaliação de conhecimento e atitude de profissionais de saúde frente a casos de abuso físico infantil / Cross-cultural adaptation and reproducibility of a questionnaire to assess the knowledge and attitude of health professionals in cases of child physical abuse  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar transculturalmente e avaliar a reprodutibilidade de um questionário desenvolvido por uma equipe da Universidade de Londres, usado na avaliação do conhecimento e da atitude de profissionais da atenção primária frente a casos de abuso f [...] ísico infantil. A tradução seguiu os critérios descritos por Herdman, 1998, de forma criteriosa, de modo a preservar ao máximo a equivalência funcional. O questionário adaptado foi aplicado em 107 profissionais de saúde de Belo Horizonte. Os testes Kappa Simples e Ponderado foram utilizados para avaliar a reprodutibilidade deste instrumento. A maioria das questões apresentou valores aos testes Kappa acima de 80% (excelente). A versão brasileira do questionário apresentou-se, portanto, adaptada e com boa reprodutibilidade. Abstract in english The scope of this study was to conduct cross-cultural adaptation and evaluate the reproducibility of a questionnaire designed by a team from the University of London to assess knowledge and attitudes of health professionals during primary care when faced with cases of child physical abuse. The trans [...] lation rigorously followed the criteria described by Herdman (1998), to maintain maximum functional equivalence. The adapted questionnaire was tested on 107 health care professionals from Belo Horizonte. Standard and Weighted Kappa tests were used to evaluate the reproducibility of the instrument. Most of the questions achieved Kappa test values above 80% (excellent). The Brazilian version of the questionnaire was, therefore, adapted and had proven reproducibility.

Silva-Oliveira, Fernando; Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e; Mattos, Flávio de Freitas; Ribeiro, Marco Túlio de Freitas; Cota, Luís Otavio de Miranda; Vale, Míriam Pimenta; Zarzar, Patrícia Maria.

2014-03-01

178

Adaptação transcultural e reprodutibilidade de questionário para avaliação de conhecimento e atitude de profissionais de saúde frente a casos de abuso físico infantil / Cross-cultural adaptation and reproducibility of a questionnaire to assess the knowledge and attitude of health professionals in cases of child physical abuse  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar transculturalmente e avaliar a reprodutibilidade de um questionário desenvolvido por uma equipe da Universidade de Londres, usado na avaliação do conhecimento e da atitude de profissionais da atenção primária frente a casos de abuso f [...] ísico infantil. A tradução seguiu os critérios descritos por Herdman, 1998, de forma criteriosa, de modo a preservar ao máximo a equivalência funcional. O questionário adaptado foi aplicado em 107 profissionais de saúde de Belo Horizonte. Os testes Kappa Simples e Ponderado foram utilizados para avaliar a reprodutibilidade deste instrumento. A maioria das questões apresentou valores aos testes Kappa acima de 80% (excelente). A versão brasileira do questionário apresentou-se, portanto, adaptada e com boa reprodutibilidade. Abstract in english The scope of this study was to conduct cross-cultural adaptation and evaluate the reproducibility of a questionnaire designed by a team from the University of London to assess knowledge and attitudes of health professionals during primary care when faced with cases of child physical abuse. The trans [...] lation rigorously followed the criteria described by Herdman (1998), to maintain maximum functional equivalence. The adapted questionnaire was tested on 107 health care professionals from Belo Horizonte. Standard and Weighted Kappa tests were used to evaluate the reproducibility of the instrument. Most of the questions achieved Kappa test values above 80% (excellent). The Brazilian version of the questionnaire was, therefore, adapted and had proven reproducibility.

Silva-Oliveira, Fernando; Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e; Mattos, Flávio de Freitas; Ribeiro, Marco Túlio de Freitas; Cota, Luís Otavio de Miranda; Vale, Míriam Pimenta; Zarzar, Patrícia Maria.

2014-03-01

179

Black consumer's attitudes towards Advertising  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Questionnaire responses of a group of semi-literate and illiterate Blacks were analysed in order to establish the nature of attitudes towards various aspects of advertising. Feelings on the necessity for advertising, its credibility, effectiveness, impact and the nature of the advertising media were investigated. Significant attitudes were established and contrasting views could partly be ascribed to the composition of the experimental group.

Opsomming<...

Le Roux, A. G.; Tladi, W. S.

1982-01-01

180

Diseño y validación de un cuestionario de calidad de los cuidados de Enfermería del Trabajo en los Servicios de Prevención / Design of a questionnaire on the quality of occupational health nursing at the safety management services  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Origen y objetivos: El objetivo principal de este trabajo será elaborar un cuestionario que nos permita conocer la percepción de los trabajadores sobre las actividades que realiza la enfermería del trabajo en los diferentes Servicios de Prevención. Método: El cuestionario se divide en tres partes: 1 [...] ) Variables sociodemográficas, formadas por 4 items; 2) Opinión sobre el servicio de prevención, formado por 15 items; 3) Opinión de los trabajadores sobre la atención de enfermería, formado por 23 items. Se analizó el comportamiento métrico del cuestionario respecto a la validez de constructo, de criterio y la consistencia interna, para lo cual, se opta por hacerlo según los criterios básicos de Moriyama y el cálculo de índice ? de Conbrach. Para ello se repartieron 55 cuestionarios de control en los diferentes servicios de prevención de la Comunidad de Cantabria y se trataron los datos con el programa SPSS v.15 de análisis estadístico. Resultados: Se superó el criterio de validación establecido, con resultados superiores al 80% en la valoración de los expertos. Encontramos una buena consistencia interna, evidenciada por un Alfa de Cronbach de 0.837 en cada sección. Conclusión: El cuestionario reúne suficientes propiedades psicométricas para ser considerado una herramienta útil y fiable capaz de medir con objetividad la satisfacción de los trabajadores con los cuidados de la enfermería del trabajo. Abstract in english Introduction and Aim: The main aim of this study is to draw up a "Questionnaire on Satisfaction with Occupational Health Nursing" (Cuestionario de satisfacción con los cuidados de la enfermería del trabajo - CUSACET), which will enable us to gauge users' perceptions with regard to the occupational h [...] ealth nursing work carried out by the various safety management services. Materials and Method: The questionnaire is designed to encompass three dimensions: a. Sociodemographic: consisting of four items. b. Opinion of the safety management services: consisting of fifteen items. c. Opinion of care received from the nursing staff at the safety management service, measured by twenty-three items. We opted to do the validation according to the basic criteria of Moriyama and by applying Cronbach's Alpha index. To this end, 55 control questionnaires were given out at various safety management services in Cantabria. The questionnaires were collected and the data recorded onto the statistical analysis program SPSS v.15. Results: The criterion established for validity was exceeded, with results above 80% in assessment by experts in accordance with Moriyama's basic criteria. We encountered good internal consistency, as evidenced by a Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.837 in each section. Conclusions: This paper presents a new instrument, specifically designed to measure the quality of occupational health nursing care through the perceptions of the users who receive it which is reliable and easy to use.

Esperanza, Alonso Jiménez; Pedro, Cabeza Díaz; Gemma, Gutiérrez Fernández; Ana Rosa, Pérez Manjón; Pablo, Tomé Bravo.

 
 
 
 
181

Patients' attitudes towards trainees  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The results of a study of patients' attitudes towards trainees in a training practice are reported. Data were collected through a questionnaire administered to 258 patients over a period of two weeks. The majority view was that trainees give satisfactory care. However, a minority of patients (17 per cent) felt that trainees are not proper doctors and almost half did not want chronic illness managed by a trainee. Nearly a third did not find trainees easy to talk to.

Allen, H.; Bahrami, J.

1981-01-01

182

Safety, risk and Harrisburg  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author discusses public attitudes to safety, industrial accidents and reactor accidents, in particular the accident at Three-Mile Island. Arguments in favour of nuclear power, including its relative safety, are presented

1979-01-01

183

Attitudes of medical students to necropsy.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AIM: To compare the attitudes of students towards the necropsy at different stages of their undergraduate career. METHOD: Students in the first, fourth and sixth academic years (n = 283) were asked to respond anonymously to a questionnaire comprised of 26 attitude statements. These statements dealt with the importance of the necropsy in medicine, rapport with the bereaved family and emotional reactions to the necropsy. RESULTS: Of the students, 226 (80%) completed the questionnaire. Overall, ...

Botega, N. J.; Metze, K.; Marques, E.; Cruvinel, A.; Moraes, Z. V.; Augusto, L.; Costa, L. A.

1997-01-01

184

Reprodutibilidade de um questionário para avaliação de conhecimentos, percepções e práticas em segurança sanitária alimentar de portadores de HIV/AIDS ambulatoriais / Reliability of a questionnaire to assess food safety knowledge, perceptions, and practices among outpatients with human immunodeficiency virus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Portadores de HIV/AIDS são vulneráveis a muitos tipos de infecções, incluindo aquelas veiculadas por água e alimentos. O alto risco às infecções gastrintestinais poderia ser minimizado através do aconselhamento dietético, no ambiente das unidades de saúde ambulatoriais, visando à adoção de práticas [...] de segurança sanitária alimentar. A pesquisa realizada teve como objetivo, dentre outros, avaliar os conhecimentos, as percepções e práticas em segurança alimentar de portadores de HIV/AIDS ambulatoriais. Para tal, elaborou-se questionário, a partir de cinco áreas temáticas (prevenção da contaminação cruzada; higiene pessoal e ambiental; controle de temperaturas; e consumo de alimentos de risco). O que se apresenta é o estudo de reprodutibilidade desse instrumento, para o qual foi utilizado o procedimento de teste e re-teste. Os resultados deste estudo mostraram que os valores kappa oscilaram de forte para 84,6% (33), moderado para 12,8% (5), a discreto para 2,5% (1) das questões testadas. Nossos resultados sugerem que o instrumento apresenta um bom nível de reprodutibilidade sendo uma boa opção para o levantamento de informações sobre segurança alimentar de pacientes portadores de HIV/AIDS. Abstract in english HIV-positive patients are at increased risk of acquiring infections, particularly those related to water and food. The risk could be reduced by educational interventions in the clinical setting related to food safety for the prevention of food-borne diseases. The current study aimed to analyze food [...] safety knowledge, perceptions, and practices among HIV-positive outpatients. A questionnaire was organized with five behavioral areas (cross contamination; personal hygiene; household hygiene; temperature control; and control of unsafe foods). The test-retest procedure demonstrated the questionnaire's reliability. Kappa values varied among the questions: high for 84.6% (33); moderate for 12.8% (5); and low for 2.5% (1). Based on the results, the instrument showed good reliability for most of the questions and can be used for surveys on food safety in HIV-positive outpatients.

Luísa Helena Maia, Leite; William, Waissmann; Alessandra Bento, Veggi.

185

Reprodutibilidade de um questionário para avaliação de conhecimentos, percepções e práticas em segurança sanitária alimentar de portadores de HIV/AIDS ambulatoriais / Reliability of a questionnaire to assess food safety knowledge, perceptions, and practices among outpatients with human immunodeficiency virus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Portadores de HIV/AIDS são vulneráveis a muitos tipos de infecções, incluindo aquelas veiculadas por água e alimentos. O alto risco às infecções gastrintestinais poderia ser minimizado através do aconselhamento dietético, no ambiente das unidades de saúde ambulatoriais, visando à adoção de práticas [...] de segurança sanitária alimentar. A pesquisa realizada teve como objetivo, dentre outros, avaliar os conhecimentos, as percepções e práticas em segurança alimentar de portadores de HIV/AIDS ambulatoriais. Para tal, elaborou-se questionário, a partir de cinco áreas temáticas (prevenção da contaminação cruzada; higiene pessoal e ambiental; controle de temperaturas; e consumo de alimentos de risco). O que se apresenta é o estudo de reprodutibilidade desse instrumento, para o qual foi utilizado o procedimento de teste e re-teste. Os resultados deste estudo mostraram que os valores kappa oscilaram de forte para 84,6% (33), moderado para 12,8% (5), a discreto para 2,5% (1) das questões testadas. Nossos resultados sugerem que o instrumento apresenta um bom nível de reprodutibilidade sendo uma boa opção para o levantamento de informações sobre segurança alimentar de pacientes portadores de HIV/AIDS. Abstract in english HIV-positive patients are at increased risk of acquiring infections, particularly those related to water and food. The risk could be reduced by educational interventions in the clinical setting related to food safety for the prevention of food-borne diseases. The current study aimed to analyze food [...] safety knowledge, perceptions, and practices among HIV-positive outpatients. A questionnaire was organized with five behavioral areas (cross contamination; personal hygiene; household hygiene; temperature control; and control of unsafe foods). The test-retest procedure demonstrated the questionnaire's reliability. Kappa values varied among the questions: high for 84.6% (33); moderate for 12.8% (5); and low for 2.5% (1). Based on the results, the instrument showed good reliability for most of the questions and can be used for surveys on food safety in HIV-positive outpatients.

Luísa Helena Maia, Leite; William, Waissmann; Alessandra Bento, Veggi.

186

Slovak High School Students' Attitudes toward Computers  

Science.gov (United States)

The pervasive involvement of information and communication technologies and computers in our daily lives influences changes of attitude toward computers. We focused on finding these ecological effects in the differences in computer attitudes as a function of gender and age. A questionnaire with 34 Likert-type items was used in our research. The…

Kubiatko, Milan; Halakova, Zuzana; Nagyova, Sona; Nagy, Tibor

2011-01-01

187

Extensionists` Attitude Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Iran  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study was conducted to identify the attitudes of extension professionals toward sustainable agriculture concepts. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 87 agricultural extensionists in Iran. To identify the attitudes toward sustainable agriculture concepts, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. Content validity of the instrument was established by a panel of experts. Results indicated that extensionists` attitudes were moder...

Allahyari, M. S.

2008-01-01

188

Linguistic insecurity perception questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

At this paper we present an original questionnaire which aims to study the perception of linguistic insecurity (IL). The questionnaire is designed as an instrument for analysis of IL in the context of quantitative research.

Baldaqui? Escandell, Josep Maria

2011-01-01

189

High School Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate high school students' knowledge and attitudes regarding biotechnology and its various applications. In addition, whether students' knowledge and attitudes differed according to age and gender were also explored. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ) with 16 items and the Biotechnology Attitude…

Ozel, Murat; Erdogan, Mehmet; Usak, Muhammet; Prokop, Pavol

2009-01-01

190

Teacher-Trainees Attitudes towards Physical Education in Kenya  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the attitudes of teacher trainees towards physical education (PE). It was hypothesised that teacher-trainees have negative attitudes towards PE. A total of 132 teacher trainees were randomly selected from a teacher Training College in Kenya completed a questionnaire adapted from Wear's attitude scale with equivalent forms.…

Gitonga, E. R.; Andanje, M.; Wanderi, P. M.; Bailasha, N.

2012-01-01

191

Development and Validation of an Internet Use Attitude Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the development and validation of a new 40-item Internet Attitude Scale (IAS), a one-dimensional inventory for measuring the Internet attitudes. The first experiment initiated a generic Internet attitude questionnaire, ensured construct validity, and examined factorial validity and reliability. The second experiment further…

Zhang, Yixin

2007-01-01

192

SAFETY  

CERN Multimedia

  “Safety is the highest priority”: this statement from CERN is endorsed by the CMS management. An interpretation of this statement may bring you to the conclusion that you should stop working in order to avoid risks. If the safety is the priority, work is not! This would be a misunderstanding and misinterpretation. One should understand that “working safely” or “operating safely” is the priority at CERN. CERN personnel are exposed to different hazards on many levels on a daily basis. However, risk analyses and assessments are done in order to limit the number and the gravity of accidents. For example, this process takes place each time you cross the road. The hazard is the moving vehicle, the stake is you and the risk might be the risk of collision between both. The same principle has to be applied during our daily work. In particular, keeping in mind the general principles of prevention defined in the late 1980s. These principles wer...

C. Schaefer and N. Dupont

2013-01-01

193

Eating attitudes and family relationships  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A self-administered questionnaire, investigated how eating and drinking differ cross-culturally between Scotland and Spain, and in particular whether Scottish and Spanish family relationships, self-esteem, early patterns and psychosocial factors have an effect on eating attitudes.

Gunnard, Katarina

2007-01-01

194

Assessment of safety culture within the radiotherapy department of the Bordeaux University Hospital Centre  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The assessment of the safety culture within a radiotherapy department has been performed by using a Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). It assesses the safety environment, the team cooperation quality, the satisfaction related to professional activity, the approval of management actions, the perception of the work environment quality and of logistic support, and the acknowledgment of the influence of stress on performance. The survey has been performed before and after the support intervention of a hospital audit and expertise mission in relationship with the National cancer Institute (Inca). The comparison of results before and after this support intervention shows a general score improvement for the SAQ. Short communication

2010-10-01

195

Nursing personnel attitudes towards suicide: the development of a measure scale Atitudes do pessoal de enfermagem em relação ao sucídio: a criação de uma escala de avaliação  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the construction of the Suicide Behavior Attitude Questionnaire (SBAQ) which measures attitudes of nursing personnel towards suicide, and verify attitude differences among these professionals. METHODS: The Suicide Behavior Attitude Questionnaire comprises 21 visual analogue scale items (beliefs, feelings and reactions on suicidal patients) selected from a pool of attitude statements generated by focal groups and experts' judgement. The questionnaire was completed by 317...

Neury José Botega; Diogo Gomes Reginato; Sidney Volk da Silva; Carlos Filinto da Silva Cais; Claudemir Benedito Rapeli; Marisa Lúcia Fabrício Mauro; Janaína Phillipe Cecconi; Sabrina Stefanello

2005-01-01

196

The effect of perceived transformational leadership and organizational climate on the employees' attitude and intention to follow safe food handling practices: A conceptual model and empirical evidence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objectives of this study are to develop a conceptual model to investigate employees' motivational influences on food safety performance and to examine the causal relationships among transformational leadership, organizational climate, employees' attitude and intention to follow safe food handling practices in foodservice establishments utilizing leadership theory, organizational climate, and the theory of planned behavior. Questionnaires were distributed to restaurants in the U.S. Descrip...

2010-01-01

197

SAFETY  

CERN Document Server

Fire Safety – Essential for a particle detector The CMS detector is a marvel of high technology, one of the most precise particle measurement devices we have built until now. Of course it has to be protected from external and internal incidents like the ones that can occur from fires. Due to the fire load, the permanent availability of oxygen and the presence of various ignition sources mostly based on electricity this has to be addressed. Starting from the beam pipe towards the magnet coil, the detector is protected by flooding it with pure gaseous nitrogen during operation. The outer shell of CMS, namely the yoke and the muon chambers are then covered by an emergency inertion system also based on nitrogen. To ensure maximum fire safety, all materials used comply with the CERN regulations IS 23 and IS 41 with only a few exceptions. Every piece of the 30-tonne polyethylene shielding is high-density material, borated, boxed within steel and coated with intumescent (a paint that creates a thick co...

M. Plagge, C. Schaefer and N. Dupont

2013-01-01

198

Attitude toward Plagiarism among Iranian Medical Faculty Members  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The goal of this study was to assess attitude towards plagiarism in faculty members of Medical School at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. One hundred and twenty medical faculty members ofTehran University of Medical Sciences were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. They were asked to answer to valid and reliable Persian version of attitude towards plagiarism questionnaire. Attitude toward plagiarism, positive attitude toward self-plagiarism and plagiarism acceptance were assessed. E...

2012-01-01

199

Unmarried Mother's Knowledge and Attitudes toward Emergency Contraceptive Pills  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PurposeThis study was conducted to identify relationships among knowledge and attitudes of unmarried mothers toward emergency contraceptive pills.MethodsData were collected through structured questionnaires from 135 unmarried mothers enrolled in 7 single mothers' facilities nationwide. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe-test, and Pearson correlation coefficients.ResultsFor knowledge about emergency contraceptive pills, there were significant differences among who live with her before pregnancy, experience of past pregnancies, state of present pregnancy and preparation in using contraceptives. For attitude toward emergency contraceptive pills, there were significant differences according to age, education level and religion. There were significant positive relationships between knowledge and attitudes toward emergency contraceptive pills.ConclusionThe results of this study suggest that unmarried women should be better informed about emergency contraceptive pills, and reassured about their safety. Efforts are needed to disseminate up-to-date information to experts in sex education including nurses.

Gyeong Mi Lee

2013-06-01

200

DRUG USE ATTITUDE OF TURKISH ARMED FORCES PILOTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Because of the dangers in the nature of flight, pilots have to fly in perfect medical conditions. Besides the undesirable effects of the diseases, side effects of the medications used in the treatment might also risk flight safety. In this study, we investigated the drug use attitude of Turkish Armed Forces pilots. Material-Method: In order to investigate their drug use attitude, a questionnaire was given to 408 pilots at GATA Aerospace Medical Center. Drug use attitude, drugs used by pilots and side effects were questioned. Results: 41 % of pilots reported that they used drugs during active flying. But the drug use rate of Army pilots was 57 %, which was higher than the Air Force and Navy pilots. The most common used drugs were analgesics. Conclusion: It is obvious that pilots might use drugs without informing their flight surgeon. Flight surgeons should always educate the pilots about the importance and dangers of self-medication. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2004; 3(9.000: 213-220

Ahmet SEN

 
 
 
 
201

Drinking-Driving Attitudes, Knowledge and Behavior: An Analysis of the First Four Telephone Surveys of the Fairfax Alcohol Safety Action Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four telephone surveys were conducted for the Fairfax ASAP in June and December of 1975 and 1976. During each, 500 ASAP area residents randomly selected from the Northern Virginia phone book were called and were interviewed using standard questionnaires. ...

C. Lynn

1977-01-01

202

Resource Efficiency Assessment Questionnaire  

Resource Efficiency Assessment Questionnaire Author: The Environment Agency | enquiries@environment-agency.gov.uk Last updated: 02 April 2014 * Follow us: *   *   *   *   *   *   * Privacy and cookies | * Terms and conditions | * Accessibility | * About us | * Jobs | * Contact us | * Sitemap *…

203

The Special Health Education Course Effects on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Preparation, Distribution and Sale Centers Food Staff in Kermanshah  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "n "n "nBackgrounds and Objectives:The food handling employee education program improves food safety. Determining knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP level of workers who prepare, distribute and sale the food products make easy to control food safety. This study aimed to evaluate effects of intensive food safety education course on KAP of food handlers. in Kermanshah."nMaterials andMethods: Knowledge, attitude and practice of 370workers of variety of food handling fields were studied before and after educational intervention course.Avalidated questionnaire about knowledge, attitude based on instruction from Ministry of Health and Medical Sciences for food handling was used for data collection. Paired t-test and ?2 were applied for statistical analysis."nResults: The results showed positive effects of education program on KAP of food handlers. There was significant increase in knowledge marks before and after intervention, 20.5+ 4.03 vs. 23.73 + 3.75 (p<0.001.Attitude and practice of participants were increased significantly before 107.2+14.6; 43.93+7.6 compared to after 112.23+14.5; 46.11+8 intervention respectively (p<0.001. The most increased mark of KAP was belonged to 21-30 years age group."nConclusion: Our findings confirm that educational intervention improved KAP of food handlers. To increase food safety, running periodical educational courses for the same filed workers with final exam and providing certificate highly recommended.

M Rezaee

2010-10-01

204

Omnibus Survey Questionnaire  

Nov 2, 2007 ... Section G: Awareness and attitudes in relation to the environment/climate ... \\publication specified, including the authors BMRB Social Research. ... Achieving \\your goals ... someone close to you with whom you can talk about personal \\things? .... of living things and the natural environments that support them.

205

Learning Chemistry at the University level : Student attitudes, motivation, and design of the learning environment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main purpose of the research this thesis is based upon was to study students’ attitudes towards learning chemistry at university level and their motivation from three perspectives. How can students’ attitudes towards learning chemistry be assessed? How can these attitudes be changed? How are learning situations experienced by students with different attitude positions? An attitude questionnaire, assessing views of knowledge, learning assessments, laboratory activities, and perceived r...

Berg, C. Anders R.

2005-01-01

206

Agent-based organizational modelling for analysis of safety culture at an air navigation service provider  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Assessment of safety culture is done predominantly by questionnaire-based studies, which tend to reveal attitudes on immaterial characteristics (values, beliefs, norms). There is a need for a better understanding of the implications of the material aspects of an organization (structures, processes, etc.) for safety culture and their interactions with the immaterial characteristics. This paper presents a new agent-based organizational modelling approach for integrated and systematic evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations in safety culture analysis. It uniquely considers both the formal organization and the value- and belief-driven behaviour of individuals in the organization. Results are presented of a model for safety occurrence reporting at an air navigation service provider. Model predictions consistent with questionnaire-based results are achieved. A sensitivity analysis provides insight in organizational factors that strongly influence safety culture indicators. The modelling approach can be used in combination with attitude-focused safety culture research, towards an integrated evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations. By using this approach an organization is able to gain a deeper understanding of causes of diverse problems and inefficiencies both in the formal organization and in the behaviour of organizational agents, and to systematically identify and evaluate improvement options.

2011-05-01

207

Agent-based organizational modelling for analysis of safety culture at an air navigation service provider  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Assessment of safety culture is done predominantly by questionnaire-based studies, which tend to reveal attitudes on immaterial characteristics (values, beliefs, norms). There is a need for a better understanding of the implications of the material aspects of an organization (structures, processes, etc.) for safety culture and their interactions with the immaterial characteristics. This paper presents a new agent-based organizational modelling approach for integrated and systematic evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations in safety culture analysis. It uniquely considers both the formal organization and the value- and belief-driven behaviour of individuals in the organization. Results are presented of a model for safety occurrence reporting at an air navigation service provider. Model predictions consistent with questionnaire-based results are achieved. A sensitivity analysis provides insight in organizational factors that strongly influence safety culture indicators. The modelling approach can be used in combination with attitude-focused safety culture research, towards an integrated evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations. By using this approach an organization is able to gain a deeper understanding of causes of diverse problems and inefficiencies both in the formal organization and in the behaviour of organizational agents, and to systematically identify and evaluate improvement options.

Stroeve, Sybert H., E-mail: stroeve@nlr.n [Air Transport Safety Institute, National Aerospace Laboratory NLR, Anthony Fokkerweg 2, 1059 CM Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sharpanskykh, Alexei, E-mail: sharp@few.vu.n [Agent Systems Research Group, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kirwan, Barry, E-mail: barry.kirwan@eurocontrol.in [Experimental Centre, EUROCONTROL, Bretigny-sur-Orge (France)

2011-05-15

208

Safety Climate in a Steel-Manufacturing Plant  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: Safety climate is a psychological phenomenon and a sub-component of safety culture, which is usually reflected in the shared workforce's perceptions about the state of safety at any particular time. It can provide an indication of the priority of safety in an organization with regard to other priorities such as production or quality. The objective of this study was to assess the safety climate profile in a steel manufacturing plant in Iran and using the results to improve the level of safety. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the UK Loughborough University Safety Climate Assessment Toolkit was used to assess the safety climate in a steel-manufacturing industry in Iran. Information was collected through interviews and questionnaires, focus group discussions, and direct observations in the filed. Safety climate scores were calculated in 17 themes.Results: A graphic representation of the safety climate scores obtained showed that safety climate in the company is at the medium level (4.80 ± 2. The highest and lowest scores were for dimensions of personal priority and need for safety (8.6± 0.8 and accidents and incidents (1±0.00. A non-significant correlation was found between worker's education and work experience on the one hand and their attitude towards safety on the other hand (p>0.05. Both management commitment and personal priority were associated with the workers' age (p= 0.03 and 0.02, respectively, while work environment was associated only with employment status (p = 0.04. Conclusion: Safety climate assessment can be a proactive safety performance indicator used to improve the level of safety in an organisation.

Adl J

2011-06-01

209

HEM??RELER?N HASTA GÜVENL??? KONUSUNDA YÖNET?C?LER?N TUTUMUNU ALGILAYI?I (NURSES’ PERCEPTION OF MANAGERS’ ATTITUDE TO PATIENT SAFETY)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Patient safety necessitates building the systems which prevent the errors that may emerge during healthcare services from occurring in such a way to harm patients and taking necessary measures. For this reason, one of the most significant duties of the hospital management is to establish and develop patient safety. Throughout patient safety, a major part of patient care and medical activities is conducted by nurses. Therefore, this study was performed with the intent of evaluating nurses’ p...

2012-01-01

210

Attitude survey on energy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The questionnairing was conducted on 500 persons within 30 km of Tokyo from October 20 to November 17, 2003. The questionnaire consisted of consciousness of society and living, energy problem, nuclear power generation and power-short in Tokyo in 2003. Main replies submitted to a questionnaire contained to wish for safety and economic stability, low interesting in energy problems and nuclear power generation, feeling uneasy about undersupply, to place their hopes on new energy, about 30% feeling useful and uneasy about nuclear power generation, little understanding of use nuclear power generation. Women did not deny the nuclear power generation. On the short supply of electricity of Tokyo in summer 2003, most answerers did not think about the efforts of electric company and power saving by consumer, but the cold summer. However, many people have a new understanding of importance of electricity. 20% replies expressed their appreciation of the location's services. (S.Y.)

2004-04-01

211

Consumer attitude toward food irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Consumer attitudes toward food irradiation were evaluated. The influence of educational efforts on consumer concern for the safety of irradiated products and willingness to buy irradiated foods were measured. Demographic and psychological factors were studied in relation to attitudes. An educational leaflet describing current scientific information regarding the safety, advantages, and disadvantages of food irradiation was developed and used in two studies evaluating attitude change. In the first study, attitude change among two groups of consumers with different philosophic orientations was measured. In a second study, the effectiveness of an educational leaflet received through the mail and a poster display were examined. In a third study response to food irradiation was related to value hierarchy, locus of control, innovativeness, and demographic parameters. Initially, subjects showed a higher concern for other areas of food safety, particularly the use of chemicals and sprays on food, than toward food irradiation. After educational efforts, conventional consumers expressed minor concern toward irradiation whereas ecologically sensitive alternative consumers obtained from a food cooperative expressed major concern. A knowledgeable discussion leader lowered irradiation concern among conventional consumers. In contrast, concern among alternative consumers did not diminish when given the opportunity to discuss safety issues with a knowledgeable person

1986-01-01

212

Consumer attitude toward food irradiation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Consumer attitudes toward food irradiation were evaluated. The influence of educational efforts on consumer concern for the safety of irradiated products and willingness to buy irradiated foods were measured. Demographic and psychological factors were studied in relation to attitudes. An educational leaflet describing current scientific information regarding the safety, advantages, and disadvantages of food irradiation was developed and used in two studies evaluating attitude change. In the first study, attitude change among two groups of consumers with different philosophic orientations was measured. In a second study, the effectiveness of an educational leaflet received through the mail and a poster display were examined. In a third study response to food irradiation was related to value hierarchy, locus of control, innovativeness, and demographic parameters. Initially, subjects showed a higher concern for other areas of food safety, particularly the use of chemicals and sprays on food, than toward food irradiation. After educational efforts, conventional consumers expressed minor concern toward irradiation whereas ecologically sensitive alternative consumers obtained from a food cooperative expressed major concern. A knowledgeable discussion leader lowered irradiation concern among conventional consumers. In contrast, concern among alternative consumers did not diminish when given the opportunity to discuss safety issues with a knowledgeable person.

Bruhn, C.M.M.

1986-01-01

213

The Relationship of Science Knowledge, Attitude and Decision Making on Socio-scientific Issues: The Case Study of Students' Debates on a Nuclear Power Plant in Korea  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of students' understanding of science knowledge, attitude and decision making on socio-scientific issues (SSI), especially on the issues of nuclear energy in Korea. SSI-focused instructions were developed to encourage students to understand and reflect on knowledge, attitude and decision making on nuclear energy in the current society. Eighty-nine students attended the instruction and participated in pre and post questionnaires to understand their understandings of nuclear energy. In this study, science knowledge was categorized into content and contextual knowledge, attitude consisted of images, safety, risk, potential, benefits and future roles, and decision making section included preference and alternative about lifetime extension of nuclear power plant. The results of questionnaires were analyzed by correlation, cross-tabulation and regression. As a result, while students' understandings of science knowledge were significantly improved throughout the instruction, they maintained similar attitude and decision making on the issue. Regarding the relationship of the three domains, attitude showed some degree of connection to decision making whereas science knowledge did not show a significant relationship to decision making. This finding challenges SSI teaching in content-based science curriculum and classroom. Reflection and implications on the way of teaching SSI in the classroom were discussed further in this paper.

Jho, Hunkoog; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung; Kim, Mijung

2014-05-01

214

The Relationship of Science Knowledge, Attitude and Decision Making on Socio-scientific Issues: The Case Study of Students' Debates on a Nuclear Power Plant in Korea  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of students' understanding of science knowledge, attitude and decision making on socio-scientific issues (SSI), especially on the issues of nuclear energy in Korea. SSI-focused instructions were developed to encourage students to understand and reflect on knowledge, attitude and decision making on nuclear energy in the current society. Eighty-nine students attended the instruction and participated in pre and post questionnaires to understand their understandings of nuclear energy. In this study, science knowledge was categorized into content and contextual knowledge, attitude consisted of images, safety, risk, potential, benefits and future roles, and decision making section included preference and alternative about lifetime extension of nuclear power plant. The results of questionnaires were analyzed by correlation, cross-tabulation and regression. As a result, while students' understandings of science knowledge were significantly improved throughout the instruction, they maintained similar attitude and decision making on the issue. Regarding the relationship of the three domains, attitude showed some degree of connection to decision making whereas science knowledge did not show a significant relationship to decision making. This finding challenges SSI teaching in content-based science curriculum and classroom. Reflection and implications on the way of teaching SSI in the classroom were discussed further in this paper.

Jho, Hunkoog; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung; Kim, Mijung

2013-09-01

215

Analysis of Swedish consumers’ attitude to Chinese food  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this research is to find out what’s attitude Swedish consumers have to Chinese food. The questionnaires based on the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) are handed out to 100 Swedish respondents in order to investigate their motivation on Chinese food choice. 78 questionnaires which were filled completely were selected for this study. Eleven factors involved in the questionnaire are labeled health, mood, convenience, sensory appeal, natural content, price, weight control, familiarity...

Chen, Jie

2010-01-01

216

Attitudes of Asian medical students towards smoking.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND--There have been numerous studies on smoking habits among young adults in developed countries. Similar data from developing countries are scanty. METHODS--A survey of medical students from one of the medical colleges in Pakistan assessed their smoking habits and attitudes towards smoking. In June 1993 a coded survey questionnaire was sent to each medical student at The Aga Khan Medical University in Karachi requesting data on their smoking habits, their attitudes towards smoking in...

1995-01-01

217

Measuring consumer attitudes towards gambling  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main objective of this study was to measure consumer attitudes towards gambling amongst various sociodemographic groups in Port Elizabeth. The study was based on past research and used a modified version of a questionnaire developed by various authors. The sample (N=355) was drawn, using a non-probability sampling technique from English, Afrikaans and Xhosa speaking respondents in the Port Elizabeth Uitenhage area. Fieldwork was carried out by students of Industrial Psychology at the Univ...

2002-01-01

218

Measuring enterprise proactiveness in managing occupational safety  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of this paper is to communicate results, and lessons learned, from developing and applying a national questionnaire based survey for measuring the initiation of occupational safety activities in Danish enterprises and public institutions1. The survey is cross-sectional and it is part of the general working environment surveillance system in Denmark. The current survey has a response rate of app. 76% (N=6423) at enterprise level. An investigation of the validity of measurements obtained with three different indices has been carried out. The survey shows that through a 5 year period there has been a statistically significant improvement in the use of work place assessments (WPA) among private enterprises and public institutions. A further result is that the smallest companies obtained the lowest score on the knowledge and proactivity indices, while they obtained the highest score on the safety attitude index.

Sønderstrup-Andersen, Hans H. K.; Fløcke, Thomas

2010-01-01

219

Attitudes of Physicians Towards Small Community Practice. Part I.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of physicians in the 11 counties represented by the Rochester (New York) Regional Hospital Council, undertaken in the summer of 1964 to explore the attitudes of the physicians toward small community practice, is documented. Questionnaires were se...

1965-01-01

220

Experts' attitudes towards medical futility: an empirical survey from Japan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The current debate about medical futility is mostly driven by theoretical and personal perspectives and there is a lack of empirical data to document experts and public attitudes towards medical futility. Methods To examine the attitudes of the Japanese experts in the fields relevant to medical futility a questionnaire survey was conducted among the members of the Japan Association for Bioethics. A total number of 108 questionnaires returned ...

Bagheri Alireza; Asai Atsushi; Ida Ryuichi

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Does personality predict medical students' attitudes to learning communication skills?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: To determine whether personality is related to medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills and self-ratings on communication skills. Methods: 524 first- and 507 second-year medical students completed the Communications Skills Attitudes Scale and rated their own communication skills. First-year students answered the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and second-year students the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses, control...

Beatriz Molinuevo; Rafael Torrubia

2013-01-01

222

Attitudes towards risk and inequality : a questionnaire-experimental approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Orderings of income distribution in terms of inequality should be closely related to orderings in terms of risk. Using a novel mult-country questgionnaire experiment we examine the basis for this claim in terms of respondents' distributional perceptions. We show that in terms of both inequality and risk individuals consistently reject one of the standard axioms of distributional comparison. Moreover, there are significant differences in the 'maps' of inequality and risk comparisons. Rejection...

2000-01-01

223

Attitudes of Preservice Teachers towards Teaching Deaf and ESL Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored preservice teacher attitudes towards teaching a deaf student who uses Australian Sign Language (Auslan) compared to a student who is new to Australia and speaks Polish. The participants were 200 preservice teachers in their third or fourth year of university education. A questionnaire was created to measure attitudes, and…

Ting, Claire; Gilmore, Linda

2012-01-01

224

Ethnic Identity and Civic Attitudes in Latino and Caucasian Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Understanding youth's perceptions of their civic skills is important for enriching the lives of youth as well as society. This study explored the relationship between civic attitudes, leadership skills, and ethnic identity in Northwest Georgia schools using two measures, the Civic Attitudes and Skills Questionnaire (CASQ) and the Multigroup Ethnic…

Anglin, Ashley Elizabeth; Johnson-Pynn, Julie S.; Johnson, Laura Renee

2012-01-01

225

Examining mathematics attitude in a TIMSS 2003 pilot research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Apart from the data on test reliability, the psychometric features of the TIMSS variables are not officially available. It is therefore not clear whether the TIMSS findings capture real educational trends. Being concerned with mathematics attitude, the aim of this research was to determine the psychometric values of a mathematics attitude scale derived from a student questionnaire, and, if these are appropriate, to examine the relation of mathematics attitude to gender and mathematics achieve...

Kadijevi? ?or?e M.

2003-01-01

226

Iranian Nurses' Attitudes and Perception towards Patient Advocacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Patient advocacy is an inherent component of professional nursing ethics; in other words, nurses' enough knowledge would be essential to gain a positive attitude towards nursing advocacy. Using a descriptive-analytic design, this study aimed to assess the correlation between nurses' perception and attitudes towards patient advocacy, amongst 385 nurses in Kerman, Iran; hence, a three-part questionnaire was applied: part I, a demographic data sheet, part II, attitude measuring instrument, and p...

2012-01-01

227

Relationships Among Values, Achievement Orientations, and Attitudes in Youth Sport  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research examines the value-expressive function of attitudes and achievement goal theory in predicting moral attitudes. In Study 1, the Youth Sport Values Questionnaire (YSVQ; Lee, Whitehead, & Balchin, 2000) was modified to measure moral,competence, and status values. In Study 2, structural equation modeling on data from 549 competitors (317 males, 232 females) aged 12–15 years showed that moral and competence values predicted prosocial attitudes, whereas moral (negatively) and status...

Lee, Martin J.; Whitehead, Jean; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis

2008-01-01

228

Current Language Attitudes of Mainland Chinese University Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reports on an investigation of Chinese university EFL learners’ attitudes towards English and Chinese in relation to their motivation to learn the language and awareness of their ethnic identity. 302 university students answered a 22-item Language Attitudes Questionnaire and 112 of them answered four open-ended questions. Analyses of the data reveal that the participants held positive attitudes towards English, were motivated to learn the language, and valued their associatio...

Meihua Liu; Shan Zhao

2011-01-01

229

Consumers? Knowledge Related To Food Products And Their Attitudes To Health Risks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes related to food purchase among individuals who apply to a primary health care center in Umraniye, Istanbul. In this descriptive study, data was collected through face to face interviews from 167 individuals who had applied to a primary health care center. The questionnaire form included sociodemographic variables as well as a group of questions that determine knowledge and attitudes related to food purchasing, consuming and food poisoning. Besides descriptive statistics, factor analysis was used in order to determine the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. The mean age of the 167 participants was 32.4±11.0. Among all 81.4% were female. The attack rate of food poisoning within the last one year was determined as 3.3%. Only 18.6% of the participants reported that they knew the organizations which monitor the safety of food products. The most approved attitude among the participants was the concern related to the durability of the package of the food products (92.8%. The attitude of returning the spoiled food back was 83.2%. Among all, 52.1% of the participants approved the attitude of reading food labels. 39.6% of the participants did not consider the expiry dates while 28.8% did not consider the mineral contents of the products. Factor analyses revealed eight factors for explaining the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. There is lack of knowledge concerning the selection of the appropriate food product for healthy nutrition. Reading product labels was not frequent during food purchase and so should be considered as an intervention area for health education. The consumers should get to know and access the organizations which monitor and control the safety of food products. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(4: 253-258

Ahmet Topuzoglu

2007-08-01

230

Consumers? Knowledge Related To Food Products And Their Attitudes To Health Risks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes related to food purchase among individuals who apply to a primary health care center in Umraniye, Istanbul. In this descriptive study, data was collected through face to face interviews from 167 individuals who had applied to a primary health care center. The questionnaire form included sociodemographic variables as well as a group of questions that determine knowledge and attitudes related to food purchasing, consuming and food poisoning. Besides descriptive statistics, factor analysis was used in order to determine the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. The mean age of the 167 participants was 32.4±11.0. Among all 81.4% were female. The attack rate of food poisoning within the last one year was determined as 3.3%. Only 18.6% of the participants reported that they knew the organizations which monitor the safety of food products. The most approved attitude among the participants was the concern related to the durability of the package of the food products (92.8%. The attitude of returning the spoiled food back was 83.2%. Among all, 52.1% of the participants approved the attitude of reading food labels. 39.6% of the participants did not consider the expiry dates while 28.8% did not consider the mineral contents of the products. Factor analyses revealed eight factors for explaining the attitudinal patterns related to food purchasing. There is lack of knowledge concerning the selection of the appropriate food product for healthy nutrition. Reading product labels was not frequent during food purchase and so should be considered as an intervention area for health education. The consumers should get to know and access the organizations which monitor and control the safety of food products. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(4.000: 253-258

Ahmet Topuzoglu

2007-08-01

231

Knowledge, attitude, and beliefs of young, college student blood donors about Human immunodeficiency virus  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Young people, who tend to be healthy, idealistic, and motivated, are an excellent pool of potential voluntary unpaid blood donors. Recruiting and retaining young blood donors improves the long term safety and sufficiency of a country's blood supply. Knowledge, attitude, and beliefs about Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should play an important role in prevention of disease transmission. Materials and Methods: This study was a questionnaire based survey, conducted to explore the levels of knowledge, attitude, and beliefs about HIV in young college student blood donors. Results: The results showed that the proportion of participants with comprehensive knowledge of HIV prevention and transmission was lesser than expected. Increase in education level and male gender was found to be significantly associated with high HIV-related knowledge. The responses on the different aspects of HIV-related attitude were also varied and there is still stigma associated with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) even in the educated groups. Discussion: There was a spectrum of myths and misperceptions emphasizing the need of education that recognizes the social context of attitude towards HIV. Results from this study may contribute to the development of appropriate educational and training material for this group of donors which in turn, may assist in achieving the elusive goal of safe blood supply in future.

Dubey, Anju; Sonker, Atul; Chaudhary, Rajendra K.

2014-01-01

232

Interracial Attitudes and Contacts Among a Sample of White Students in Suburban Secondary Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study collected data on the attitudes that white students have toward blacks and the relation between interracial contact and racial attitudes. A questionnaire was administered to students attending six predominantly white high schools in suburban and suburban-type school districts in Jackson County, Missouri. One hundred questionnaires were…

Levine, Daniel U.; And Others

233

Effects on incident reporting after educating residents in patient safety: a controlled study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Medical residents are key figures in delivering health care and an important target group for patient safety education. Reporting incidents is an important patient safety domain, as awareness of vulnerabilities could be a starting point for improvements. This study examined effects of patient safety education for residents on knowledge, skills, attitudes, intentions and behavior concerning incident reporting. Methods A controlled study with follow-up measurements was conducted. In 2007 and 2008 two patient safety courses for residents were organized. Residents from a comparable hospital acted as external controls. Data were collected in three ways: 1] questionnaires distributed before, immediately after and three months after the course, 2] incident reporting cards filled out by course participants during the course, and 3] residents' reporting data gathered from hospital incident reporting systems. Results Forty-four residents attended the course and 32 were external controls. Positive changes in knowledge, skills and attitudes were found after the course. Residents' intentions to report incidents were positive at all measurements. Participants filled out 165 incident reporting cards, demonstrating the skills to notice incidents. Residents who had reported incidents before, reported more incidents after the course. However, the number of residents reporting incidents did not increase. An increase in reported incidents was registered by the reporting system of the intervention hospital. Conclusions Patient safety education can have immediate and long-term positive effects on knowledge, skills and attitudes, and modestly influence the reporting behavior of residents.

Jansma José D

2011-12-01

234

Defining safety culture and the nexus between safety goals and safety culture. 4. Enhancing Safety Culture Through the Establishment of Safety Goals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Safety culture is the perception of each individual and organization of a nuclear power plant that safety is the first priority, and at Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), we have been practicing it in everyday activities. On the other hand, with the demand for competitiveness of nuclear power becoming even more intense these days, we need to pursue efficient management while maintaining the safety level at the same time. Below, we discuss how to achieve compatibility between safety culture and efficient management as well as enhance safety culture. Discussion at Tepco: safety culture-nurturing activities such as the following are being implemented: 1. informing the employees of the 'Declaration of Safety Promotion' by handing out brochures and posting it on the intranet home page; 2. publishing safety culture reports covering stories on safety culture of other industry sectors, recent movements on safety culture, etc.; 3. conducting periodic questionnaires to employees to grasp how deeply safety culture is being established; 4. carrying out educational programs to learn from past cases inside and outside the nuclear industry; 5. committing to common ownership of information with the public. The current status of safety culture in Japan sometimes seems to be biased to the quest of ultimate safety; rephrasing it, there have been few discussions regarding the sufficiency of the quantitative safety level in conjunction with the safety culture. Safety culture is one of the most crucial foundations guaranteeing the plant's safety, and for example, the plant safety level evaluated by probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) could be said to be valid only on the ground that a sound and sufficient safety culture exists. Although there is no doubt that the safety culture is a fundamental and important attitude of an individual and organization that keeps safety the first priority, the safety culture in itself should not be considered an obstruction to efforts to implement efficient management. To seek compatibility between safety culture and efficient management, and to build an agreeable common perception among the utility, regulatory body, and the public on rationalizing the safety level to the extent acceptable, two issues must be considered: (a) establishing safety goals and (b) quantifying the safety culture. As for the first issue, currently no generic safety goal for the nuclear industry is available in Japan. This causes difficulty in deciding whether or not a specific action that takes place in a plant leading to a certain amount of risk increment is acceptable. Therefore, it is important for us to have a safety goal established. By establishing the safety goal, we could utilize it for the following usage: 1. to enable prompt response in case a safety level has entered an unacceptable level; 2. to sustain and enhance the safety culture centered by risk information (sustaining safety culture and achieving rational management simultaneously); 3. to use public relations for plant activities, where condemnation for overlooking safety culture might arrive for a minor risk increasing activity. As for the second issue, we must devise a method to quantify the level of safety culture. This could be done based on the safety culture indicators listed in the appendix of IAEA INSAG-4 (Ref. 1). By quantifying the level of safety culture, a comprehensive safety level of a plant can be evaluated by integrating with the safety level based on PSA. For example, when considering on-line maintenance for specific equipment, it is important not only to assess the safety level in terms of PSA but also to assess the level of safety culture in order to have a comprehensive view of the safety level and to compare it with the safety goal. By both establishing safety goals and quantifying the level of safety culture in a nuclear power plant, the ability to assess the comprehensive safety level of a plant and acknowledge the quantitative margin from the safety goal would become very precise. This would enable us to actively carry out risk-informed act

2001-06-17

235

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards Medication Use among Health Care Students in King Saud University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Health sciences students are expected to have appropriate knowledge and attitudes toward medication use. However, literary evidence of such expertise among health sciences students of King Saud University is unknown. This study was completed to assess the knowledge about medicines and behavior of health science students towards safe use of medications. It also aims to assess the health knowledge, attitude and practices of the students. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a questionnaire consisting of 24 questions. This was administered by the researcher between October and December 2009 in the colleges of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, applied medical science and nursing of the King Saud University. The survey consisted of three parts: Ten questions assessed the students’ knowledge on drug safety (Part 1. Four questions assessed student attitude toward medication consultations by the pharmacist (Part 2 and ten questions involved medication use practices and consultation with pharmacists (Part 3. A stratified sampling method was used to select participants. Results: Pharmacy students had better medication knowledge compared to other health sciences students especially regarding antihypertensive drugs, antibiotics, paracetamol and antacids (p<0.05. Pharmacy students showed a positive attitude regarding the trustworthiness of a pharmacist to give a consultation. Nearly all other health science students showed a negative attitude about dispensing and consultation concerning nutritional supplements by a pharmacist. All health sciences students had a similar perception toward medication use and practice. Conclusion Pharmacy students had better knowledge about medication practice compared to other health sciences students. All other health sciences students lacked the appropriate attitude and practice related to the safe use of medications.

Abdullah T. Eissa

2013-11-01

236

Type 2 Diabetic Patients' Attitudes about Care and Treatment and Factors Affecting the Attitudes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: This research was planned as a descriptive study for the purpose of determining attitudes of Type 2 diabetic patients towards their care and treatment. METHOD: The sample was comprised of 110 diabetic patients who came to the Turkish Diabetes Society, Denizli Office, Diabetes Center between March 1 and May 15, 2007. Data collection tools used in the study was a questionnaire to determine the illness-related descriptive characteristics and the Diabetes Attitude Scale to determine t...

Asiye Kartal; Gulcin Cagirgan, M.; Havane Tigli; Yasemin Gungor; Nilay Karakus; Mevlut Gelen

2008-01-01

237

An exploration of attitudes towards modern biotechnology: a study among Dutch secondary school students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Modern biotechnology will have a large impact on society and requires informed decision-making and critical attitudes toward biotechnology among the public. This study aims to explore these attitudes in secondary education. For this purpose, a questionnaire was constructed according to the general tripartite theory of attitudes. 574 Dutch secondary school students completed the questionnaire. Based on principal component analyses, several distinct and independent cognitive, affective, and beh...

Klop, Tanja; Severiens, Sabine E.

2007-01-01

238

Empirical Analysis of Construction Safety Climate - A Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Safety in the construction industry has always been a major issue. Though much improvement in construction safety has been achieved, the industry still continues to lag behind most other industries with regard to safety. The safety climate of any organization consists of employee’s attitudes towards and perceptions of, health and safety behavior. Construction workers attitudes towards safety are influenced by their perceptions of risk, management, safety rulesand procedures. A measure of sa...

2010-01-01

239

Patients' attitude about generics –Bulgarian perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate (1 what is the patients' attitude towards and (2 preferences to use generic medicines in Bulgaria and (3 which are the main factors influencing their opinion.METHODS: Using pseudo-randomization we select a sample of 225 participants, men and women from general population, patients in community pharmacies. For our survey we used a standardized self-questionnaire of ten points. The influence of sex, age, education, medical history, knowledge of generic drugs and experience with generic substitution and medicines was examined through Chi-square tests.RESULTS: The results show that 74% of the participants seemed not to be informed on generic drugs and 26% received valuable and relevant information from their general practitioner or pharmacist. 94% believed that generic medicines are inferior to brand medicines on quality, safety and efficacy.CONCLUSIONS: The main reason for almost all the participants (94% to prefer original medicines, over generics is the insufficient information, they have. The core factors forming patients' opinion and expectations for generic drugs are medical professionals' recommendation and previous experience. The main advantages of the generics according to the participants in the study are the lower price and better accessibility. The results raise the issue of the awareness and level knowledge about generic medicines and the rational drug use in the general population.

Hristina Lebanova

2012-01-01

240

Attitudes Toward Programs for Gifted Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire to measure attitudes toward gifted programs was given to 113 teachers, 23 administrators, and 91 parents. Seven areas were investigated: definition, characteristics, identification, educational needs, funding priority, teacher characteristics, and current provisions. Among findings were the following: parents, as a group, were less…

Cavin, Janis Ivie

 
 
 
 
241

Graduate Student Attitudes toward Grading Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined graduate student attitudes towards letter and pass/fail grading systems in the Law School and the School of Education in a selective university in the United States. Fifty-four students completed a questionnaire on goal orientations (ability comparison vs. mastery), amount of effort and stress in each of the two grading…

Michaelides, Michalis; Kirshner, Ben

2005-01-01

242

Gender comparisons of college students' attitudes toward sexual behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Questionnaires were distributed to 641 undergraduates at a large southeastern university to elicit opinions concerning various forms of premarital sexual behavior. Hypotheses were developed to determine whether there were differences between the attitudes of males and females. Significant differences were found between males' and females' attitudes toward premarital sex when the couple is casually acquainted, and attitudes toward extramarital sex, oral-genital sex, and anal sex. However, significant differences were not found between males' and females' attitudes toward premarital sex when the couple is in love, attitudes toward premarital sex when the couple is engaged, and attitudes toward masturbation, homosexuality, and sexual fantasizing. Males' attitudes toward various forms of sexual behavior were more liberal than those of females. PMID:2264511

Wilson, S M; Medora, N P

1990-01-01

243

Attitudes about Arms Control and Effects of "The Day After."  

Science.gov (United States)

An 18-item questionnaire was designed to investigate relationships between attitude towards arms control and beliefs about nuclear weapon effects, probability of war, Soviet goals, and the importance of nuclear arms superiority. Effects of the television movie, "The Day After," were also assessed by administering the questionnaire eight days…

Nelson, Linden L.; Slem, Charles M.

244

The Danish anal sphincter rupture questionnaire: Validity and reliability  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective. To revise, validate and test for reliability an anal sphincter rupture questionnaire in relation to construct, content and face validity. Setting and background. Since 1996 women with anal sphincter rupture (ASR) at one of the public university hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark have been offered pelvic floor muscle examination and instruction by a specialist physiotherapist. In relation to that, a non-validated questionnaire about anal and urinary incontinence was to be answered six months after childbirth. Method. The original questionnaire was revised and a pilot test was performed among health care personnel, followed by an expert panel discussion. Ten women were interviewed about their understanding and attitude toward answering the questionnaire and it was pre-tested on 52 women with ASR. The questionnaire was revised five times during the validation process. The final version was test-retested among 20 women with ASR. Results. The questionnaire revealed typical problems after ASR. The length, use of language, and the way the questionnaire was constructed, was deemed appropriate. The reliability test showed good to very good correlation (Kappa values from 0.733 to 0.923) in all main questions but one. Two questions needed further explanation. Seven women made minor errors. Conclusion. The validated Danish questionnaire has a good construct, content and face validity. It is a well accepted, reliable, simple and clinically relevant screening tool. It reveals physical problems including sexual problems, impact on quality of life and need for treatment among women 6-8 months after ASR.

Due, Ulla; Ottesen, Marianne

2008-01-01

245

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC and A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC and A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC and A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC and A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC and A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC and A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC and A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

2011-05-16

246

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

247

Assessing medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills – which components of attitudes do we measure?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Communication Skills Attitudes Scale (CSAS created by Rees, Sheard and Davies and published in 2002 has been a widely used instrument for measuring medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills. Earlier studies have shown that the CSAS mainly tests two dimensions of attitudes towards communication; positive attitudes (PAS and negative attitudes (NAS. The objectives of our study are to explore the attitudes of Norwegian medical students towards learning communication skills, and to compare our findings with reports from other countries. Methods The CSAS questionnaire was mailed simultaneously to all students (n = 3055 of the four medical schools in Norway in the spring of 2003. Response from 1833 students (60.0% were analysed by use of SPSS ver.12. Results A Principal component analysis yielded findings that differ in many respects from those of earlier papers. We found the CSAS to measure three factors. The first factor describes students' feelings about the way communication skills are taught, whereas the second factor describes more fundamental attitudes and values connected to the importance of having communication skills for doctors. The third factor explores whether students feel that good communication skills may help them respecting patients and colleagues. Conclusion Our findings indicate that in this sample the CSAS measures broader aspects of attitudes towards learning communication skills than the formerly described two-factor model with PAS and NAS. This may turn out to be helpful for monitoring the effect of different teaching strategies on students' attitudes during medical school.

Holen Are

2007-03-01

248

Assessment of safety culture within the radiotherapy department of the Bordeaux University Hospital Centre; Evaluation de la culture de securite au sein du service de radiotherapie du centre hospitalier universitaire de Bordeaux  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The assessment of the safety culture within a radiotherapy department has been performed by using a Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). It assesses the safety environment, the team cooperation quality, the satisfaction related to professional activity, the approval of management actions, the perception of the work environment quality and of logistic support, and the acknowledgment of the influence of stress on performance. The survey has been performed before and after the support intervention of a hospital audit and expertise mission in relationship with the National cancer Institute (Inca). The comparison of results before and after this support intervention shows a general score improvement for the SAQ. Short communication

Leysalle, A.; Vendrely, V.; Sarrade, C.; Boutolleau, J.B.; Vitry, E.; Trouette, R.; Maire, J.P. [Hopital Saint-Andre, 33 - Bordeaux (France)

2010-10-15

249

QUESTIONNAIRE 5YR 2013  

CERN Multimedia

CERN must remain the centre of excellence that it has been for the last sixty years. Therefore, the Organization must continue to be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists coming from all the Member States. This is why, every five years, on the occasion of a five-yearly review, our employment conditions are compared with bodies having similar activities.In order to prepare the next five-yearly review, the topics of which will be decided by the CERN Council in June 2014, the Staff Association has drawn up a questionnaire that gives you the opportunity to tell us what you think about your current employment conditions. You can also indicate how you wish to see them evolve, and to help you we present some proposals for improvement on which you can give your opinion. Above all, do not hesitate, by using the comments’ fields available in the questionnaire, to formulate your own suggestions in all areas of your conditions of employment that are of interest to you. Your replies will hel...

Association du personnel

2013-01-01

250

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Science.gov (United States)

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

251

A Study On Students' Attitude Towards Online Shopping In India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To ensure the success of online business, it is important for the retailers to understand their targeted customers. The aim of this study examines the significance of attitude toward online shopping. The objective of the study was to determine relationship between utilitarian orientation, hedonic orientation and perceived benefits with attitude toward online shopping. A five-level Likert scale was used to determine students' attitudes towards online shopping. A self-administered questionnaire, based on prior literature, was developed and a total of 173 students were selected by random sampling. The analysis demonstrated the determinants of consumers' attitudes towards online shopping.

Vipul Patel

2012-09-01

252

The identification and review of an existing safety culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper deals with the experience of conducting two major safety culture surveys on the British nuclear fuels plc Sellafield site. The two methodologies were different yet complementary, in that one examined culture from the basis of the individual, and the other from the basis ofthe team and roles. The first was a site wide attitude survey across the entire workforce using questionnaire based analysis, the second was a safety culture review of a major operating department of Sellafield, where irradiated fuel is received and stored, using a targeted interview based analysis. The main conclusion is that the prevailing culture of an organisation can be determined both on a macro scale (the whole of site) and on a smaller scale (a targeted group) by using attitude survey methods and safety culture review respectively. Both methods have their advantages and difficulties, but the understanding of the prevailing culture is essential to enable appropriate actions and processes to be undertaken to strengthen and shape a safety culture. (author)

1995-04-01

253

Unsafe attitudes and acts - a psychological explanation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The importance of attitude, behaviour and safety culture of miners is discussed. Maintenance and management of unsafe attitudes and behaviour are explained using scientifically established psychological principles. It is argued that unsafe attitudes and acts form part of a chain of antecedent causal events which could lead to incidents higher up the safety ladder ranging from near misses to fatalities; the effects of consequences and of antecedents are considered. Accidents were investigated according to two principal approaches. It is concluded that application of the principles of behaviour modification to the management of safety performance in a structured, systematic and disciplined way presents a promising option to the mining industry. 8 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Jonson, K. [Jonson Business Consulting (Australia)

1998-12-31

254

Using the questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We have conducted a pilot study of the typically developing preschool children's functionality, their peers with Down syndrome and autism, with a new questionnaire "Functionality-07" (F-07. We have examined 164 children 2,7 - 7,1 years of age (31-95 months: 94 boys and 73 girls, attended educational services, including 11 - with autism, 10 - with Down syndrome. F-07 method has demonstrated high internal coherence: Cronbach alpha = 0.99. Functionality of children with autism and Down syndrome was significantly lower than that of their typically developed peers (p <0,1 E-6. We believe that monitoring of functionality can be used to identify the children requiring special psychological and educational assistance.

A.M. Kazmin

2013-04-01

255

A Complementary Alternative Medicine Questionnaire for Young Adults  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Limited information exists on how adolescents decide to use complementary/alternative medicine (CAM). There are also no instruments specific to CAM, for the young adult population, which makes it difficult to explore knowledge in this area. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the CAM Questionnaire for Young Adults which measures young adults’ attitudes about CAM. Participants for this cross-sectional survey were selected from enrolled undergra...

Patterson, Christine; Arthur, Heather

2009-01-01

256

Perception of Contracting parties on Construction Safety in the Gaza Strip, Palestine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The construction industry is one of the most hazardous industries in developing countries. Understanding the safety climate or culture of a workplace, the perceptions and attitudes of workforce are important factors in assessing safety needs. The construction industry in Palestine, by its inherent nature, is susceptible to potentially dangerous conditions that affect the safety of all personnel working in construction projects. This paper reports, based on a questionnaire survey, the perception of owners, consultants and contractors towards safety in the Gaza Strip. The results showed that, most of the participants in the survey had accidents in their construction projects. The findings indicated that, main causes of fatalities and injuries are falling from heights, dropped objects and materials and being caught under excavations. Carelessness of workers, lack of safety knowledge and lack of safety training are the main three reasons that contributed to the increase rate of accidents among construction workers in the Gaza Strip. Therefore, contactors should prepare safety training programs which help personnel to carry out various accidents preventive activities effectively. Training material should discuss the cost of accidents, the influence of good safety performance and should stress the safety objectives of the company, the relevant laws and legislation and contractual relationships with clients regarding safety matters. (author)

2007-01-01

257

Towards safety culture strengthening  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Through the amendment of the Reactor Regulation Law in 1999, following review of the JCO criticality accident, the Nuclear Safety Inspection System was established and the Safety Preservation Rules were refined in an attempt to further improve nuclear safety maintenance. According to the Safety Preservation Rules, the safety preservation activities at nuclear power plants must be built upon safety culture.Under such circumstance, the TEPCO issue was revealed in 2002. Triggered by this issue, NISA has been implementing a variety of improvements, one of which involves the establishment of a study group in 2003, to discuss on how to implement safety culture sufficiently and possible recommendations. Subjects such as the followings piled in the report will indicate leading keys in case it is going to realize such efforts: 'Foundation of safety culture is a quality management' and 'Realistic and scientific technique is necessary for the evaluation of safety culture'. In order to respond to these requests, JNES has been developing an Integrated System for Monitoring and Evaluation of Safety Culture, of which concept is structured by 3 elements: (1) 'System for safety (formal structure, method, and activity)', (2) 'Safety attitude and behavior of organizational members' and (3) 'Sharing of safety attitude and behavior of organizational members'. This paper delivers the background of the development, illustrates a representative early sign of declining plant performance extracted by a root cause analysis of human and organizational factors, and introduces the Integrated System examined and verified from various viewpoints. (author)

2004-10-18

258

Portuguese road safety campaigns: an analysis of its influence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Focused in road safety campaigns, thisstudy aims to analyze the attitude of the Portuguesedrivers towards these campaigns, particularly in relationto different creative dimensions. In addition,based on this attitude, this research aims to proposea segmentation of Portuguese drivers accordingto their attitude towards these campaigns. In termsof methodology we developed a conceptual modelinvolving creative dimensions of these campaigns.Subsequently a questionnaire was administered toa sample of 305 Portuguese drivers, where it wasintended to assess the influence of each dimensionto the driving behavior. Based on the results wecome up with some contributions to the validationof the model and also to identify three distinctgroups of drivers in terms of att itude to communicationcampaigns: “Indiff erent”, “Influenced”, and“Interested.”As main results, we found that theseroad safety campaigns are not consensual, and thatthere are drivers who reject this type of campaignsand others who identify themselves as being stronglyinfluenced by them. It was also found that thestructure of messages based in dramatic tones andfear appeals could lead to an increase in its persuasivepotential.

Manuel José Fonseca

2012-09-01

259

Beliefs and Attitudes of Primary School Teachers in Mumbai, India towards Children Who Stutter  

Science.gov (United States)

Beliefs and attitudes of teachers in Mumbai, India, towards children who stutter were investigated using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Questionnaires were completed by 58 teachers, four of whom were subsequently interviewed. Results from the questionnaires showed that teachers believed that a child's environment influenced…

Pachigar, Vinati; Stansfield, Jois; Goldbart, Juliet

2011-01-01

260

Social attitudes towards floods in Poland - spatial differentiation  

Science.gov (United States)

Our paper discusses results of research conducted in Southern Poland focusing on social attitudes towards floods - natural hazards frequently observed in Poland. Lately (e.g. 1997, 2001, 2010) several hundred thousand of people suffered from floods occurring in all examined communities. Presented analyses are based on questionnaire survey in which several criteria were used to select places for studies: objective degree of risk, prior experience of extreme events, size of community, strength of social bonds, social capital and quality of life. Nearly 2000 responses (from 9 communities) were gathered from the survey. Our main research questions were following: - are there differences between attitudes in those communities depending on how frequently they have experienced floods? - does settlement size have an impact on social attitudes towards floods, especially on mitigation behaviour? - are urban inhabitants less adapted to floods be upheld and do rural communities show more activity in the face of natural disasters? - what do information and education policies concerning floods look like? Three dimensions of social attitudes towards natural hazards were analyzed: cognitive (knowledge and awareness of local hazards), emotional (feelings towards hazards, like concern and anxiety); and instrumental (actions taken in response to a potential natural disaster). A combination of these three dimensions produces various types of perception and behaviour towards the perceived hazard (Raaijmakers et al., 2008): ignorance when the local population is unaware of a threat and therefore develops no concern and takes no preventive actions; safety when the local population is aware of a threat, but regards its level as either low or acceptable and is therefore not concerned with the threat and makes no preparations for a disaster; risk reduction when a high level of awareness and concern produces the mechanism of reducing the cognitive dissonance and denial of a disaster threat; the local population resigns from taking protective action or passes the responsibility on to the authorities; control when an aware population takes preventive action that help reduce their concern. Above analyses led to comparison of Polish and European social attitudes towards floods.

Biernacki, W.; Dzia?ek, J.; Bokwa, A.

2012-04-01

 
 
 
 
261

Interaction of Religion and Science: Development of a Questionnaire and the Results of Its Administration to Undergraduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire was developed and administered to 111 undergraduate students to assess the influence of religiosity on their attitudes toward science as a career and their belief in scientific evidence and concepts. Results indicate that religiosity does influence these attitudes and is a factor to be considered in planning science instruction.…

Brazelton, Elizabeth W.; Frandsen, John C.; McKown, Delos B.; Brown, Charles D.

1999-01-01

262

New attitudes toward wind  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Despite highly vocal opposition to specific projects near Los Angeles, opinion surveys still found strong support for wind energy. The first, a mail survey Consumer Attitude and Choice in Local Energy Development, was conducted by Robert Thayer at the University of California's Davis campus. The other survey, conducted by Dr. Phyllis Bosley at Towson State University targeted national environmental leaders. The Thayer survey examined how people view four energy technologies - biomass, nuclear, fossil, and wind - and where they would find them most acceptable. Of the six factors Thayer measure - safety, reliability, environmental impacts, cost, dependence on foreign oil, and visual impacts - wind energy's big bugaboo, visual impact, was the least important. Wind turbines do produce a strong NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard) response among customers, however. The Bosley study of national environmental leaders found, somewhat surprisingly, that the Sierra Club held slightly more positive views toward wind energy than environmental leaders in general. Nationally, solar was seen as the most cost effective energy source, followed by wind. The survey compared attitudes toward four energy technologies: solar, wind, fossil fuels, and nuclear power. There was general agreement among the environmentalists that both wind and solar were environmentally superior energy sources to fossil fuels and nuclear power.

Gipe, P.

1990-03-01

263

Knowledge and attitudes towards food safety and reported use of good production practices among a sample of cattle producers in Santa Fe, Argentina Conocimiento y actitudes hacia seguridad alimentaria y buenas prácticas de producción adoptadas en productores ganaderos de Santa Fe, Argentina  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On-farm implementation of good production practices (GPP) and effective translation of food safety knowledge to food-animal producers are recommended to achieve a safer food supply. A pilot study was conducted during 2009-2010 to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards food safety and reported use of GPp among a sample of 930 cattle producers in Santa Fe, Argentina. A response percentage of 31.8% (n = 296) was obtained. Several respondents indicated that they rarely or never isolate sick c...

Young, I.; Raji, A.; Perez, E.; Sanchez, J.; Larriestra, A.; La, Perez; Drivet, O.; Monteverde, M.; Sa, Mcewen

2012-01-01

264

The Impact of Supervision on Internal Medicine Residents' Attitudes and Management of Depression in Primary Care: A Pilot Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The authors examined the effect of supervision on internal medicine residents' attitudes toward and management of depression. Method: Internal medicine residents completed a survey during preclinical conferences. The survey included a published, validated questionnaire, the Depression Attitude Questionnaire, and items developed by the…

Milone, Jennifer M.; Gottumukkala, Aruna; Ward, Christopher P.; York, Kaki M.

2013-01-01

265

Attitudes of psychiatry residents toward mental illness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Attitudes of lay people and physicians towards mentally ill patients are frequently highly biased. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in attitudes of psychiatry and internal medicine residents toward mental illness and to establish the relationship between their attitudes and their personal characteristics. Material and methods. The sample consisted of 45 psychiatry and 36 internal medicine residents. The attitudes toward mental illness were assessed using Opinions about Mental Illness Questionnaire (OMI and personality traits were examined using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ. Results. Our findings showed that in regard to internal medicine residents, psychiatry residents do not consider mentally ill patients to be inferior and dangerous. Psychiatry residents have a benevolent attitude toward the mentally ill. Personality traits of psychiatry residents were not related to their opinions about mental illness. Discussion. The results suggest that there is a need to develop strategies that would bring about changes in the curriculum of training programs for medical residents, including proper training in mental health issues. Such strategies should help in destigmatization of persons with mental disorders and increase the competence of physicians to deal with mentally ill. .

Pejovi?-Milovan?evi? Milica

2007-01-01

266

Safety Culture Onboard Ships  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A project focusing on identifying and describing maritime risks is being conducted in the heavily trafficked water area of the Sound, situated in northern Europe between Sweden and Denmark. This paper reports of a test of a first version of a questionnaire constructed for measuring safety culture onboard vessels.48 crew members on a Swedish registered passenger/cargo ship completed and returned the questionnaire. The crew members were able to complete the questionnaire with few unanswered que...

Ek, A?sa; Olsson, Ulf; Akselsson, Roland

2000-01-01

267

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Document Server

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996, which was followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equa...

2007-01-01

268

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996 followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equal Opportuni...

2007-01-01

269

Iranian Nurses' Attitudes and Perception towards Patient Advocacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patient advocacy is an inherent component of professional nursing ethics; in other words, nurses' enough knowledge would be essential to gain a positive attitude towards nursing advocacy. Using a descriptive-analytic design, this study aimed to assess the correlation between nurses' perception and attitudes towards patient advocacy, amongst 385 nurses in Kerman, Iran; hence, a three-part questionnaire was applied: part I, a demographic data sheet, part II, attitude measuring instrument, and part III, perception measuring instrument in nursing advocacy. The results implied that fairly positive attitudes and perception were found amongst the participants, and nurses' attitudes, in general, were positively correlated to their perception toward nursing advocacy. This means that with an improvement in perception, the attitude would also improve. In addition to our findings, it seems that these nurses needed more advocacy educational programs and support from responsible employers. PMID:23326680

Motamed-Jahromi, Mohadeseh; Abbaszadeh, Abbas; Borhani, Fariba; Zaher, Homa

2012-01-01

270

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF FARMERS TOWARDS ORGANIC FARMING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Organic farming is gaining popularity all over the world as it can diversify agricultural production system toward attaining improved productivity, farm income as well as food safety. The rise of organic farming was driven partly by consumers' concern with food quality and safety, as well as the protection of the environment. Organic Farming produces safe and nutritious food as it helps prevent soil pollution by stopping risky chemical reactions in the soil and avoiding produce contamination, as well as soil erosion, by wind and rain. One of the important parties that can enable the country to produce more organic products through organic farming is the growers or farmers. The final decision of farmers to use a new practice like organic farming system is usually the result of their knowledge of the practices as well as their perception. Therefore, the main purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate the knowledge, perception or attitude, and practices of vegetable growers towards organic farming. A survey method through face-to-face interview by using structured questionnaire was used to collect data from a total of 31 vegetable growers in Kundasang, Sabah which was selected by using simple random sampling method. The findings of the study show that the knowledge of the respondents on organic farming especially pertaining to the use of chemical insecticides, herbicides and fertilizers is still need to be improved, their attitude is also still negative, and they are still dependent on conventional practices (i.e. chemical especially to control pests and diseases.

Assis, K.

2011-06-01

271

A study of stigmatized attitudes towards people with mental health problems among health professionals.  

Science.gov (United States)

The project aimed to assess stigmatized attitudes among health professionals directed towards patients with mental health problems. The Attitude to Mental Illness Questionnaire was used to assess participants' attitudes towards fictitious patients from a secure forensic hospital and patients with schizophrenia and substance use disorders. Participants were health professionals from acute and mental health settings. In total, 108 completed questionnaires were received. Participants had highly stigmatized attitudes towards patients from a forensic hospital and those with active substance use disorders. Attitudes were less stigmatized to people with substance use disorders who were recovering in remission. This suggested that health professionals have stigmatized attitudes towards an illness such as schizophrenia and this is worse towards patients from a secure hospital. The manner in which patients with substance use disorder are presented can have a significant effect on stigmatized attitudes by health professionals. PMID:19291157

Rao, H; Mahadevappa, H; Pillay, P; Sessay, M; Abraham, A; Luty, J

2009-04-01

272

Public attitudes towards industrial, work-related and other risks  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two reports describing work sponsored by the Health and Safety Executive are presented. The first describes a study of public attitudes towards industrial, work related, nuclear industry related and other risks. The second report describes public attitudes towards the acceptability of risks. (U.K.)

1982-01-01

273

What Do Librarians Think about Marketing? A Survey of Public Librarians' Attitudes toward the Marketing of Library Services  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes of public librarians toward the marketing of library services and relate these attitudes to selected independent variables. A questionnaire was mailed to individual members of the New Jersey Library Association. Although most of the respondents had generally positive attitudes toward library…

Shontz, Marilyn L.; Parker, Jon C.; Parker, Richard

2004-01-01

274

Promoting Single-Parent Family Children's Attitudes toward Science and Science Performance through Extracurricular Science Intervention in Taiwan  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the efficacy of extracurricular science intervention in promoting students' science learning performance and attitudes toward science. The Junior High School Student Questionnaire (JSSQ) was used to measure attitudes toward science, sexist attitudes and perceptions of the classroom learning environment. Twenty-eight eighth…

Hong, Zuway-R.; Lin, Huann-shyang; Lawrenz, Frances

2008-01-01

275

A tale of two systems-Nurses practice environment, well being, perceived quality of care and patient safety in private and public hospitals in South Africa: A questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: To examine the practice environment, nurse reported quality of care and patient safety, and nurse workforce outcomes in medical and surgical units in private and public hospitals in South Africa (SA), and determine the association of modifiable features of the hospital such as the practice environment and patient to nurse workloads on these outcomes. Design: Cross-sectional survey of nurses. Setting and participants: Nurses were surveyed in medical and surgical units of 55 private ...

Coetzee, Siedine K.; Klopper, Hester C.; Ellis, Suria M.; Aiken, Linda H.

2013-01-01

276

Effect of the interval of training course on understanding of radiation safety and an improvement of re-training course  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation safety training courses are indispensable educational programs for radiation workers. We have two kinds of courses, which are held before use of radioisotope (beginner's training course) and held annually (re-training course). The interval between two courses was found to give some effects for radiation worker's recognition and knowledge on radiation safety through the result of examination and questionnaire on the radiation safety after training. The average scores of participants indicated that the short interval (3 months) was better than the long interval (almost one year). Furthermore, the average scores of participants in the 2003 training course were higher than those in the 2002 and 2001 training courses. Several participants were found to lack in the basic radiation safety attitude and knowledge. In order to improve these results, the practical training should be given additionally for workers, who lacked in understanding. (author)

2005-07-01

277

Paper to Electronic Questionnaires: Effects on Structured Questionnaire Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

With the use of computers, paper questionnaires are being replaced by electronic questionnaires. The formats of traditional paper questionnaires have been found to effect a subject's rating. Consequently, the transition from paper to electronic format can subtly change results. The research presented begins to determine how electronic questionnaire formats change subjective ratings. For formats where subjects used a flow chart to arrive at their rating, starting at the worst and middle ratings of the flow charts were the most accurate but subjects took slightly more time to arrive at their answers. Except for the electronic paper format, starting at the worst rating was the most preferred. The paper and electronic paper versions had the worst accuracy. Therefore, for flowchart type of questionnaires, flowcharts should start at the worst rating and work their way up to better ratings.

Trujillo, Anna C.

2009-01-01

278

DRIVERS RECALL AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS ROAD SAFETY ADVERTISING
DOI: 10.5585/remark.v9i2.2112 RECORDACIÓN Y ACTITUDES DE LOS CONDUCTORES FRENTE A LAS CAMPAͱAS DE SEGURIDAD VIAL EN PORTUGAL - UN ENFOQUE EXPLORATORIO. RECORDAÇÃO E ATITUDES DOS CONDUTORES EM FACE DAS CAMPANHAS PUBLICITÁRIAS DE PREVENÇÃO RODOVIÁRIA EM PORTUGAL - UMA ABORDAGEM EXPLORATÓRIA
DOI: 10.5585/remark.v9i2.2112
 

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study aims to analyse Portuguese drivers recall and attitudes towards road safety advertising campaigns. Through a quantitative method the authors used a sample of Portuguese drivers. More than a half of the subjects didn’t recall any road safety advertising campaign. The appeals that most influenced driving behaviour were moderate speed and use of seatbelt. The dramatic approach was the one that had most impact, and the death of familiars of the driver the consequence that most influe...

2010-01-01

279

Safety Culture Survey in Krsko NPP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The high level of nuclear safety, stability and competitiveness of electricity production, and public acceptability are the main objectives of Krsko Nuclear Power Plant. This is achievable only in environment where strong Safety Culture is taking dominant place in the way how employees communicate, perform tasks, share their ideas and attitudes, and demonstrate their concern in all aspects of work and coexistence. To achieve these objectives, behaviour of all employees as well as specific ethical values must become more transparent and that must arise from the heart of organization. Continuous ongoing and periodic self assessments of Safety Culture in Krsko NPP present major tools in implementation process of this approach. Benefits from Periodic interdisciplinary focused self assessment approach, which main intention is finding the strengths and potential areas for improvements, was used second time to assess the area of Safety Culture in Krsko NPP. Main objectives of self assessment, performed in 2006, were to increase the awareness of the present culture, to serve as a basis for improvement and to keep track of the effects of change or improvement over a longer period of time. For the purpose of effective self assessment, extensive questionnaire was used to obtain information that is representative for whole organization. Wide range of questions was chosen to cover five major characteristics of safety culture: Accountability for safety is clear, Safety is integrated into all activities, Safety culture is learning-driven, Leadership for safety is clear and Safety is a clearly recognized value. 484 Krsko NPP employees and 96 contractors were participated in survey. 70-question survey provided information that was quantified and results compared between groups. Anonymity of participant, as well as their willingness to contribute in this assessment implicates the high level of their openness in answering the questions. High number of participant made analysis of results very reliable. Survey results were statistically analyzed and presented to Krsko NPP management board. More specific qualitative analyses were performed for departments. With assistance of Safety Culture Self Assessment team members, leaders of these departments developed specific action plans and disseminated major identified issues. By these feedbacks Krsko NPP ensured better employees understanding of the results of the survey. It is very exceptive that employee's responses will contribute to the overall process and establishment of safety conscious work environment.(author)

2008-05-25

280

Generational cohorts and their attitudes toward advertising  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research is aimed at determining the attitudes with regard to advertising from the perspective of generational cohorts in Sarawak. A two-phase of study was conducted to firstly identify generational cohorts in the state and, secondly, to investigate the attitude of each cohort to advertising. Utilizing theories of generations, a qualitative approach by means of personal interviews was used at the outset to identify external events which bring about the formation of cohorts. Accordingly, 48 interviews were conducted and data were content-analyzed. The findings were then incorporated into the second phase of study to investigate cohorts’ views about advertising, using theory of reasoned action. A quantitative approach via questionnaire-based survey was administered, and 1,410 copies were collected for analysis. Five distinct cohorts are proposed in the initial findings. They are labeled as Neoteric Inheritors, Prospective Pursuers, Social Strivers, Idealistic Strugglers and Battling Lifers on the basis of their respective engagement with events during the coming-of-age years. The subsequent findings show that beliefs about advertising are significant predictors of the attitudes to advertising, and so are the attitudes with regard to the intention of every cohort. However, their beliefs and attitudes to advertising are found to differ significantly, especially in the older cohort. The study thus highlights the implication of generational differences on the attitudes to advertising.

Ernest Cyril de Run

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
281

Nursing Students' Perceptions, Beliefs and Attitudes: A First Study on Special Pedagogic Activities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Studying nursing students' opinions could be a useful guide for the formation of their professionalrole as well as their education and training.Aim: The present study's aim is to examine nurse students' opinion, beliefs and attitude regarding the conceptsof health, health care, health education, health ethics, illness, safety in health care and quality in health care, inan educational environment which promotes cooperative activities in class.Methodology: Seventy four nurse students of the University of Peloponnese participated in the present studyduring the winter semester of 2008-2009. They were asked to describe shortly the meaning of the study concepts,writing down their opinion on a questionnaire that included six questions. Their answers were evaluated usingthe method of content analysis and sorted to exhaustive and mutually exclusive categories.Results: Nursing Students were asked to describe the meaning of the concept of health, health care, healtheducation, health ethics, illness, safety in health care and quality in health care. The result of the students'opinion reveals the way they conceive their professional role, their education and their attitude in real workingconditions and, therefore, the quality of the services they provide and how well prepared they are to demand andto put in a claim for the quality in health care.Conclusions: Further empirical research could aim to replicate or contradict these findings, using a larger sampleand recruiting more university departments.

Vassiliki Ioannidi

2011-04-01

282

Cross-cultural attitudes of flight crew regarding CRM  

Science.gov (United States)

This study asks if the Cockpit Management Attitude Questionnaire (CMAQ) can detect differences across countries, and/or across occupations. And if so, can those differences be interpreted? Research has shown that the CMAQ is sensitive to attitude differences between and within organizations, thereby demonstrating its effectiveness with American populations. But the CMAQ was originally designed by American researchers and psychometrically refined for American pilots. The items in the questionnaire, though general in nature, still reflect the ubiquitous Western bias, because the items were written by researchers from and for the one culture. Recognizing this constraint, this study is nonetheless interested in attitudes toward crew behavior, and how those attitudes may vary across country and occupation.

Merritt, Ashleigh

1993-01-01

283

Public attitudes in Edmonton toward assisted reproductive technology.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To determine public attitudes toward the use and possible limitations of assisted reproductive technology (ART). DESIGN: Mail survey based on telephone numbers selected at random by computer. SETTING: Edmonton. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 602 Edmonton residents aged 16 years or more (57% of eligible subjects) reached by telephone agreed to participate. Completed questionnaires were received from 455 subjects (76%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Attitudes toward egg donation, sperm donation, ...

Genuis, S. J.; Chang, W. C.; Genuis, S. K.

1993-01-01

284

User attitudes toward end-user literature searching.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A survey to determine attitudes toward end-user searching was made at Loyola University's Medical Center Library using MEDIS, an online full-text and bibliographic medical retrieval system. One hundred forty-one completed questionnaires were analyzed for this report. Information was collected on user familiarity with computers, end-user training, system use, mechanics of searching, and attitudes toward future use. Computer familiarity was highest among the faculty users. Ninety percent of the...

Ludwig, L.; Mixter, J. K.; Emanuele, M. A.

1988-01-01

285

Resolving conflicting safety cultures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several nuclear power plant sites have been wounded in the crossfire between two distinct corporate cultures. The traditional utility culture lies on one side and that of the nuclear navy on the other. The two corporate cultures lead to different perceptions of open-quotes safety culture.close quotes This clash of safety cultures obscures a very important point about nuclear plant operations: Safety depends on organizational learning. Organizational learning provides the foundation for a perception of safety culture that transcends the conflict between utility and nuclear navy cultures. Corporate culture may be defined as the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs shared by employees of a given company. Safety culture is the part of corporate culture concerning shared attitudes and beliefs affecting individual or public safety. If the safety culture promotes behaviors that lead to greater safety, employees will tend to open-quotes do the right thingclose quotes even when circumstances and formal guidance alone do not ensure that actions will be correct. Safety culture has become particularly important to nuclear plant owners and regulators as they have sought to establish and maintain a high level of safety in today's plants

1993-06-20

286

Higher Secondary School Students’ Attitude towards Chemistry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The focus of this study was about higher secondary school students’ attitude towards chemistry subject, chemistry teacher and teaching methodologies of chemistry teacher. Like academic achievement, attitude is considered to be an important product of higher secondary education. The population of this study was all the higher secondary schools students of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan, however due to time constraints and convenience the 35 second year students of government higher secondary school Jamrud Khyber agency Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were taken as convenience sample for this study. A modified questionnaire of Abulude (2009, Cheung (2009 and class room life script of Johnson and Johnson, Johnson, Johnson & Anderson (1983, of likert scale were used as an instrument for this study. The attitude of the students was analyzed by the mean score of each statement. The study revealed that students were very much satisfied from the chemistry teacher however students have worries about the subject of chemistry and the methodology of chemistry.

Gul Nazir Khan

2012-04-01

287

Extensionists` Attitude Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was conducted to identify the attitudes of extension professionals toward sustainable agriculture concepts. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 87 agricultural extensionists in Iran. To identify the attitudes toward sustainable agriculture concepts, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. Content validity of the instrument was established by a panel of experts. Results indicated that extensionists` attitudes were moderate toward sustainability. It was found that the concepts of Independency and Community had the highest mean, respectively. F-test results revealed that extensionists` general perceptions toward sustainable agriculture concepts did not significantly vary with age, levels of education, years of experience in extension or organizational position.

M.S. Allahyari

2008-01-01

288

Public attitudes toward the right to die.  

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OBJECTIVE: To determine public attitudes toward the right to die, euthanasia and related end-of-life decisions. DESIGN: Mail survey based on telephone numbers randomly selected by computer. SETTING: Edmonton. PARTICIPANTS: Of 1347 computer-generated, randomly selected telephone numbers called between February and June 1992, 902 individuals were reached, and 500 eligible contacts (55%) agreed to fill out the mailed questionnaire based on 12 vignettes involving end-of-life decisions. A total of...

Genuis, S. J.; Genuis, S. K.; Chang, W. C.

1994-01-01

289

Attitudes of Turkish Nurses Towards Schizophrenic Patients  

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Objective: In this study, it is aimed to determine and compare mental health nurses' and general hospital nur-ses' beliefs and knowledge about the etiology and treatment of schizophrenia and attitudes towards schizophrenic patients. Method: 70 nurses working in a mental health hospital and 30 nurses working in a general hospital were interviewed face to face with a questionnaire developed by Psyciatric Research and Education Center in Turkey. Results: The mean age and the mean working year wa...

Özden Ar?soy; Altan E?sizo?lu

2004-01-01

290

Public attitudes towards genetically-modified food  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract: Purpose - This study aimed to investigate the impact of information about traceability and new detection methods for identifying genetically-modified organisms in food, on consumer attitudes towards genetically-modified food and consumer trust in regulators in Italy, Norway and England. It further aimed to investigate public preferences for labelling of genetically-modified foods in these three countries. Design/methodology/approach - A questionnaire was designed to investigate publ...

2005-01-01

291

Patients' attitude about generics –Bulgarian perspective  

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate (1) what is the patients' attitude towards and (2) preferences to use generic medicines in Bulgaria and (3) which are the main factors influencing their opinion.METHODS: Using pseudo-randomization we select a sample of 225 participants, men and women from general population, patients in community pharmacies. For our survey we used a standardized self-questionnaire of ten points. The influence of sex, age, education, medical history, kn...

2012-01-01

292

Attitude to blood donation in Saudi Arabia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Objectives: The blood donor system in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia depends on a combination of voluntary and involuntary donors. The aim of this study is to explore the attitudes, beliefs and motivations of Saudis toward blood donation. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at the Donor Centers at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) Blood Bank and King Saud University Students Health Center, Riyadh. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to d...

Abdel Gader Abdel Galil; Osman Abdel Moniem; Al Gahtani Furgah; Farghali Mohamed; Ramadan Ali; Al-Momen Abdel Kareem

2011-01-01

293

Turkish college students' attitudes toward women managers: the effects of patriarchy, sexism, and gender differences.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors examined how patriarchy, sexism, and gender influence Turkish college students' attitudes toward women managers. Turkish undergraduate students (N = 183) from Middle East Technical University completed questionnaires measuring attitudes toward women managers as well as attitudes toward the concepts of hostile and benevolent sexism and support for patriarchy. Participants were of upper- or middle-class Turkish backgrounds. The results showed that male participants exhibited less positive attitudes toward women managers than did female participants. In addition, participants who held more favorable attitudes toward patriarchy and who scored high on hostile sexism also held less positive attitudes toward women managers than those who held less favorable attitudes toward patriarchy and who scored low on hostile sexism. A regression analysis showed that support for patriarchy and hostile sexism was more important for explaining less favorable attitudes toward women managers than was benevolent sexism. PMID:12523452

Sakalli-Ugurlu, Nuray; Beydogan, Basak

2002-11-01

294

Swedish hunters' safety behaviour and experience of firearm incidents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since any firearm injury is potentially lethal, it is of great interest to prevent firearm incidents. This study investigated such incidents during hunting and Swedish hunters' safety behaviour. A 48-item questionnaire was posted to a random sample of 1000 members of the Swedish Association for Hunting and Wildlife Management. The questions considered demographics, hunting experience/hunting habits/safety behaviour/attitudes and experience of careless weapon handling, hunters' weapons and safety behaviour relating to weapons, health status, firearm incidents and their preventability, and personal comments on the questionnaire. The response rate was almost 50%. The mean age of the responders was 54 years; 5% were females. Almost none (1%) reported hunting under the influence of alcohol. Young age and male sex were positively associated with risk behaviour, although the presence of multiple risk behaviours in the same responder was not common. A very high degree of compliance with Swedish laws regarding weapon storage was reported. One-quarter of the responders had witnessed a firearm incident caused by another hunter, which in most situations did not result in human injury or death. An unsafetied weapon was the most common reported "cause" of these incidents. Experience of a firearm incident was not uncommon and the majority of the responders considered the incident in question to be preventable. This study provides a picture of the possible risk behaviour among hunters and the results suggest that future prevention work should target safer weapon handling. PMID:24018010

Junuzovic, Mensura; Midlöv, Patrik; Lönn, Sara Larsson; Eriksson, Anders

2013-11-01

295

Attitudes towards suicide among adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Having a relatively high suicide rate of 19.5 per 100.000 inhabitants, the Republic of Serbia is in the first half on the list of the European countries concerning the number of suicides. However, the situation is particularly alarming in Vojvodina, which has been one of the areas with a very high population mortality rate caused by suicide for a long period of time not only in Serbia of nowadays, but also in former Yugoslavia. The number of suicides has increased by almost 50% over the last five and a half decades, and every eighth suicide was committed by a young person. The aim of this paper was to explore adolescents’ attitudes towards suicide and to find out whether the difference in age affects changes in attitudes regarding suicide. Material and Methods. The George Domino’s Suicide Opinion Questionnaire was completed by 254 adolescents divided into two age groups - 124 respondents were in the age group 13 to 15 and 130 of them in the age group 18 to 19. Results. The results of this study suggest that the attitudes of younger and older group of adolescents towards suicide mostly coincide and there is no statistically significant difference in the answers according to the analyzed clusters. Conclusion. This research shows that the attitudes of respondents of both age groups indicate a lack of awareness about suicide, its causes and dynamics of development of this public health problem. This leaves space for more intensive educational work in the mental health of the population, especially young people and for further research of the suicide problem as a basis for developing strategies.

?ankovi? Dušan

2013-01-01

296

Attitudes of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners Towards Parental Use of Corporal Punishment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two hundred sixteen civilian and military pediatric nurse practitioners responded to a questionnaire concerning attitudes and beliefs related to the spanking of children. Respondents were presented with nine scenarios of common childhood misbehavior and a...

K. M. Eydenberg

1994-01-01

297

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. Results The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. Conclusion The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Fragoulakis Vasilis

2009-08-01

298

Gender differences in attitudes toward nuclear power: a multivariate explanation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in attitudes toward nuclear power and to discover what factors account for these differences. The marginality explanation for these differences suggest that women have less-favorable attitudes toward nuclear power because they are less concerned about energy supplies and economic growth and are less convinced of the benefits of nuclear power for society than are men. The irrationality explanation holds that women are less favorable toward nuclear power because they are less knowledgeable about this technology than are men. The lay-rationality explanation argues that people form attitudes toward nuclear power which are consistent with their relevant beliefs, attitudes and values; thus, this explanation suggests that women's unfavorable attitudes toward nuclear power stem from greater concern about environmental protection, exposing society to risk, and lower faith in science and technology. Data for this study were collected via a mail questionnaire administered to a state wide sample of Washington residents (n= 696)

1987-01-01

299

Canadian attitudes to nuclear power  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A national assessment was made of public attitudes towards nuclear power, along with regional studies of the Maritimes and mid-western Canada and a study of Canadian policy-makers' views on nuclear energy. Public levels of knowledge about nuclear power are very low and there are marked regional differences. Opposition centers on questions of safety and is hard to mollify due to irrational fear and low institutional credibility. Canadians rate inflation as a higher priority problem than energy and see energy shortages as a future problem (within 5 years) and energy independence as a high priority policy. (E.C.B.)

1977-05-13

300

Survey on radiation safety management (RSM) among Korean radiation workers who operate radiation generators or handle radioactive isotopes.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of radiation workers to radiation safety management (RSM) using survey questionnaires. Radiation workers are those who handle radiation generators, radioactive isotopes, and other radioactive materials for industrial uses. The survey was distributed to 861 radiation workers between 1 August to 5 September 2011. A knowledge of, awareness of, attitude toward, and behaviors related to RSM were analyzed by comparing the means and standard deviations. Both the knowledge and awareness of RSM among radiation workers were high. Although all questions about the awareness of RSM were answered correctly, there were also many negative responses. All questions regarding the attitude of radiation workers toward RSM were answered correctly, and their attitude toward and awareness of RSM were high. Overall, the results demonstrated that safety management is not taken seriously in many cases, highlighting the need for proper education in the future to raise awareness among radiation workers. Furthermore, it is important to establish a foundation for the efficient use of radiation based on the continuous management of radiation workers. PMID:23930792

Ryu, Young-Hwan; Cho, Jae-Hwan; Dong, Kyung-Rae; Chung, Woon-Kwan; Lee, Jong-Woong; Choi, Eun-Jin

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation: a community-based study comparing rural and urban populations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study was set to determine whether knowledge and attitudes toward organ dona-tion differ according to geographical location. Self-administered questionnaires were employed to collect data such as demographic characteristics, basic knowledge, attitudes and source of information about organ donation from subjects in rural and urban areas. The questionnaires were distributed randomly to 1,000 individuals in both areas during 2008. The data were analyzed in a descriptive fashion. Despite simi...

Alghanim Saad

2010-01-01

302

Clinical guidelines in primary care: a survey of general practitioners' attitudes and behaviour.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom little is known about general practitioners' attitudes to and behaviour concerning clinical guidelines. AIM: A study was performed to investigate these two under-researched areas. METHOD: In 1994 a postal questionnaire on clinical guidelines was sent to all 326 general practitioner principals on the list of Lincolnshire Family Health Services Authority. The questionnaire consisted of 20 attitude statements and an open question on clinical guidelines, as well ...

Siriwardena, A. N.

1995-01-01

303

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICE OF LABORATORY TECHNICIANS REGARDING UNIVERSAL WORK PRECAUTION  

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Objective: Objective of the present study is to determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice of universal work precautions amongst medical laboratory technicians in private hospitals. Methodology: Cross-sectional study of health care workers was conducted using a pretested self-administered questionnaire, which enquired about knowledge, attitude and practices of universal work precautions. The hepatitis B vaccination statuses were also asked. Results: 200 questionnaires were administered t...

Jitendra Zaveri

2012-01-01

304

The attitude of primary students and future biology teachers to importance of plants and teaching botany  

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It is often seen that people are not interested in plants or they are just sub-prime issue. In our study, we investigated the attitudes toward plants and botany classes that students, future biology teachers and elementary school students have. At the same time we investigated what influences their attitudes towards the plants. For this purpose, we developed two survey questionnaires. The first one is meant for primary school children and the second one for students. Both questionnaires inclu...

2013-01-01

305

Household attitudes and knowledge on drinking water enhance water hazards in peri-urban communities in Western Kenya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ensuring safe drinking water remains a big challenge in developing countries where waterborne diseases cause havoc in many communities. A major challenge is limited knowledge, misinformation and attitudes that work against ensuring that drinking water is safe. This study investigated the knowledge, attitudes and practices of peri-urban households in Kakamega Town of Western Kenya, concerning the collection, treatment and storage of drinking water. Alongside this we examined the role of solid waste disposal in water safety. Three hundred and seventy eight households from four residential regions of varying economic levels were randomly sampled in Kakamega Town. Data was collected via questionnaire interviews that incorporated attitude questions based on a Likert scale of 1?5, and administered to the households and key informants. The results showed most respondents were knowledgeable about ideal methods of water collection, treatment and storage. However, they did not practise them appropriately. Some attitudes among the respondents worked against the ideals of achieving safe drinking water. For instance, many households perceived their drinking water source as safe and did not treat it, even when obtained from open sources like rivers. Further, they preferred to store drinking water in clay pots, because the pots kept the water cold, rather than use the narrow-necked containers that limit exposure to contaminants. Also, hand washing with soap was not practised enough in their daily lives to avoid contact with waterborne hazards. We recommend that the government undertake training programmes on drinking water safety that advocate appropriate water use, hygiene and sanitation strategies.

Kimongu J. Kioko

2012-06-01

306

Residents Attitudes to Rural Tourism Development in South Taiwan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the present study we investigates residents attitudes toward rural tourism development, by means of a questionnaire, was conducted during the summer of 2002 at two locations: Baihe Chen and Danei Shung. Three hundred questionnaires were distributed to local residents in Baihe and Danei. The response rate was 88.7%. We adopted Chi-square, F-test and ANOVA as analysis methods. Finally, it may be concluded that some significant difference between rural festive and enterprise theme farm, we wi...

Chun-chu, Liu

2005-01-01

307

Injured Athletes' Attitudes and Judgments Toward Rehabilitation Adherence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In a follow-up study to certified athletic trainers' (ATCs') attitudes and judgments toward injury rehabilitation adherence, previously injured and rehabilitated athletes (n=36) were administered the Athletic Injury Rehabilitation Adherence Questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to compare the results collected from athletes with those collected previously from ATCs. The questionnaire consisted of 60 statements, categorized into seven scales: athletic trainers' influence, environmental i...

Fisher, A. Craig; Hoisington, Linda L.

1993-01-01

308

The Influence of Self-Compassion on Academic Procrastination and Dysfunctional Attitudes  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, aims were (1) to determine gender differences in self-compassion, academic procrastination, and dysfunctional attitudes and (2) to examine the relationships between self-compassion, academic procrastination, and dysfunctional attitudes. Participants were 251 university students who completed a questionnaire package that…

Iskender, Murat

2011-01-01

309

Attitudes toward Cosmetic Surgery in Middle-Aged Women: Body Image, Aging Anxiety, and the Media  

Science.gov (United States)

Our study investigated factors that influence attitudes toward cosmetic surgery in middle-aged women. A sample of 108 women, aged between 35 and 55 years, completed questionnaire measures of body dissatisfaction, appearance investment, aging anxiety, media exposure (television and magazine), and attitudes toward cosmetic surgery (delineated in…

Slevec, Julie; Tiggemann, Marika

2010-01-01

310

Teachers' Attitudes towards Proof of Mathematical Results in the Secondary School Curriculum: The Case of Zimbabwe  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated teachers' attitudes towards proofs in the secondary school mathematics curriculum. The study was motivated by a desire to fill a gap existing in the literature in relation to teachers' attitudes towards proofs. Thirty-four secondary school mathematics teachers' responses to a Likert type questionnaire and interviews were…

Nyaumwe, Lovemore; Buzuzi, George

2007-01-01

311

Paediatricians knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding immunizations for infants in Italy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to investigate whether paediatricians have appropriate knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours regarding vaccinations for infants in Italy. Methods A random sample of 500 paediatricians received a self-administered anonymous questionnaire covering demographic and professional characteristics; knowledge about the mandatory, recommended, and not indicated vaccinations for infants; attitudes about vaccinations for infa...

Anastasi Daniela; Di Giuseppe Gabriella; Marinelli Paolo; Angelillo Italo F.

2009-01-01

312

A Description of Language Attitudes and Achievements of Russian Immigrant Students at Haifa University.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies the attitudes and achievements of immigrants from the Soviet Union studying at the tertiary level at Haifa University in Israel. A series of questionnaires probing the students' language use and attitudes were administered in order to provide a general description of their linguistic profile in first, second, and third languages. (15…

Bensoussan, Marsha; And Others

1995-01-01

313

Modified Attitudes to Psychiatry Scale Created Using Principal-Components Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The Attitudes to Psychiatry Scale (APS) is a tool used to assess medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry. This study sought to examine the internal validity of the APS in order to identify dimensions within the questionnaire. Method: Using data collected from 549 medical students from India and Ghana, the authors analyzed 28…

Shankar, Rohit; Laugharne, Richard; Pritchard, Colin; Joshi, Pallavi; Dhar, Romika

2011-01-01

314

Attitudes toward Psychiatry: A Survey of Medical Students at the University of Nairobi, Kenya  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: The authors aim to determine the attitudes of University of Nairobi, Kenya, medical students toward psychiatry. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. Self-administered sociodemographic and the Attitudes Toward Psychiatry-30 items (ATP-30) questionnaires were distributed sequentially to every third medical student in his or her…

Ndetei, David M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln; Ongecha-Owuor, Francisca; Kuria, Mary; Mutiso, Victoria; Syanda, Judy; Kokonya, Donald

2008-01-01

315

Yes I Can: The Contributions of Motivation and Attitudes on Course Performance among Biology Nonmajors  

Science.gov (United States)

Undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory biology course for nonmajors during the fall semester of 2007 were administered the Biology Attitude Scale (Russell and Hollander 1975), a constructed Mathematics Attitude Scale, and a portion of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich and Smith 1993). Together, the…

Partin, Matthew L.; Haney, Jodi J.; Worch, Eric A.; Underwood, Eileen M.; Nurnberger-Haag, Julie A.; Scheuermann, Amy; Midden, W. Robert

2011-01-01

316

Attitudes toward Rape among African American Male and Female College Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates how African American male and female college students differ in their attitudes concerning rape. Two hundred and ten college students completed a 12-item questionnaire designed to measure their views toward this issue. Differences are discussed in the context of sexism and rape myths. Strategies for changing students' attitudes toward…

Sapp, Marty; Farrell, Walter C., Jr.; Johnson, James H., Jr.; Hitchcock, Kim

1999-01-01

317

Assessment of Greek University Students' Counselling Needs and Attitudes: An Exploratory Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study is concerned with an exploration of counselling needs of students at two Greek universities as well as their attitudes to utilizing a university counselling centre. The sample consisted of 312 students who completed a Greek version of the Rutgers Needs Assessment Questionnaire as well as a subscale on Attitudes towards the…

Giovazolias, Theodoros; Leontopoulou, Sophia; Triliva, Sophia

2010-01-01

318

Attitudes toward psychopharmacology among hospitalized patients from diverse ethno-cultural backgrounds  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Biological factors influencing individual response to drugs are being extensively studied in psychiatry. Strikingly, there are few studies addressing social and cultural differences in attitudes toward psychotropic medications. The objective of this study was to investigate ethno-culturally determined beliefs, expectations and attitudes toward medication among a sample of hospitalized psychiatric patients. Methods An ad hoc questionnaire was ...

2008-01-01

319

Group Supervision Attitudes: Supervisory Practices Fostering Resistance to Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

The focus of this study was to qualitatively evaluate worker's attitudes about clinical supervision. It is believed that poor attitudes toward clinical supervision can create barriers during supervision sessions. Fifty-one participants within a social services organization completed an open-ended questionnaire regarding their clinical supervision…

Brooks, Charles T.; Patterson, David A.; McKiernan, Patrick M.

2012-01-01

320

Friendships Influence Hispanic Students' Implicit Attitudes toward White Non-Hispanics Relative to African Americans  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the role of Hispanic students' friendships with White non-Hispanics (n-Hs) and African Americans (AAs) in predicting implicit and explicit prejudices toward these groups. Participants (N = 73) completed implicit and explicit attitude measures and a friendship questionnaire. Friendships were associated with implicit attitudes…

Aberson, Christopher L.; Porter, Michael K.; Gaffney, Amber M.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding School-Based Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

Pre-service teachers responded to two questionnaires regarding school violence, the Teachers' Attitudes about Bullying, and Trainee Teachers' Bullying Attitudes. Results suggest that teachers across all academic divisions view bullying as a serious concern important to their role within the profession. There were considerable differences regarding…

Craig, Katrina; Bell, David; Leschied, Alan

2011-01-01

322

Sexism in Education? A Study of Future Teachers' Attitudes Toward Women.  

Science.gov (United States)

The main question investigated by this study was whether future teachers' attitudes toward women were significantly different from the attitudes of other college students. The subjects of this research were college students divided into two groups--education majors and majors in other subjects. A Likert-type scale questionnaire was administered…

Panko, Jessie Symington

323

Ethnic Differences in Parental Attitudes and Beliefs about Being Overweight in Childhood  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: This study examined the relationship between ethnic background and parental views of healthy body size, concerns surrounding overweight and attitudes to perceived causes of overweight in childhood. Method: A self-report questionnaire was designed to explore parental attitudes towards childhood weight. Sampling deliberately…

Trigwell, J.; Watson, P. M.; Murphy, R. C.; Stratton, G.; Cable, N. T.

2014-01-01

324

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Individual Differences in Attitudes Toward Homosexuality: An Australian Twin Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Previous research has shown that many heterosexuals hold negative attitudes toward homosexuals and homosexuality (homophobia). Although a great deal of research has focused on the profile of homophobic individuals, this research provides little theoretical insight into the aetiology of homophobia. To examine genetic and environmental influences on variation in attitudes toward homophobia, we analysed data from 4,688 twins who completed a questionnaire concerning sexual behaviour and attitudes...

Verweij, Karin J. H.; Shekar, Sri N.; Zietsch, Brendan P.; Eaves, Lindon J.; Bailey, J. Michael; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Martin, Nicholas G.

2008-01-01

325

Anaesthetists' and surgeons' attitudes towards informed consent in the UK: an observational study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The attitudes of patients' to consent have changed over the years, but there has been little systematic study of the attitudes of anaesthetists and surgeons in this process. We aimed to describe observations made on the attitudes of medical professionals working in the UK to issues surrounding informed consent. Method A questionnaire made up of 35 statements addressing the process of consent for anaesthesia and surgery was distributed to rand...

Aab, Jamjoom; White S; Sm, Walton; Jg, Hardman; Ik, Moppett

2010-01-01

326

Family resemblance in fat intake, nutrition attitudes and beliefs: a study among three generations of women.  

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In this thesis nutrition attitudes, beliefs, and fat intake in three generations of women are described. The aim of the study was twofold: the development of methods, and to study family resemblance in food habits. Based on literature study and qualitative pilot studies a questionnaire on beliefs and attitudes towards the consumption of 20 foods was developed for which Fishbein and Ajzen's theory of reasoned action was used as a framework. In addition, an attitude scale was developed towards ...

Stafleu, A.

1994-01-01

327

The influence of women's fear, attitudes and beliefs of childbirth on mode and experience of birth  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Women's fears and attitudes to childbirth may influence the maternity care they receive and the outcomes of birth. This study aimed to develop profiles of women according to their attitudes regarding birth and their levels of childbirth related fear. The association of these profiles with mode and outcomes of birth was explored. Methods: Prospective longitudinal cohort design with self report questionnaires containing a set of attitudinal statements regarding birth (Birth Attitude...

Haines, Helen M.; Rubertsson, Christine; Pallant, Julie F.; Hildingsson, Ingegerd

2012-01-01

328

Group Supervision Attitudes: Supervisory Practices Fostering Resistance to Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The focus of this study was to qualitatively evaluate worker’s attitudes about clinical supervision. It is believed that poor attitudes toward clinical supervision can create barriers during supervision sessions. Fifty-one participants within a social services organization completed an open-ended questionnaire regarding their clinical supervision experiences. Results suggest four key areas which appear to be strong factors in workers’ experiences and attitudes regarding group supervision:...

Brooks, Charles T.; Patterson, David A.; Mckiernan, Patrick M.

2012-01-01

329

Rural Students? Skills and Attitudes Towards Information and Communication Technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Despite various initiatives and programmes by the government to incorporate ICT in education, not much research has been done to evaluate the achievement of these initiatives and programmes, including ICT proficiency among students. This study fills in the gap of lack of current information pertaining to the Malaysian secondary school students? ICT competencies, knowledge on internet and attitudes toward computer technology. Approach: Data for this study has been gathered from a survey on 585 students in Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tengku Temenggung Ahmad (SMKTTA in the rural district of Kundang Ulu, Johore. The specific area has been selected by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia under one of its community service projects.The instrument used was a questionnaire comprised of demographic variables and three other sub-scales. The sub-scales are software and hardware usage; motivation for self study and ICT usage competency and Internet usage and safety awareness. Results: Results show that generally, students have moderately positive attitudes toward ICT, have low to moderate level of ICT competencies and have limited knowledge on internet. Conclusion: Findings from this study have implications to the approach of teaching and learning of ICT subjects, their evaluation and assessment and future initiative related to ICT education and infrastructure development towards creating a well-connected society. It is recommended that schools provide enough facilities for students? hands-on experiences. Teachers should incorporate productive computing activities in their teaching such as using spreadsheet, database and programming, besides purposive web searching. Rural internet centres should also be established. Evaluation, monitoring and maintainance of ICT programs is a must to ensure their effectiveness and efficiency. The utmost end result would be the emergence of more ICT proficient personnel who will contribute to the development of the country.

Hairulliza M. Judi

2011-01-01

330

AIDS-Related Items for Developing an AIDS Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

To develop a comprehensive and uniform self-report questionnaire, 164 AIDS-related items were identified and placed into five groups: (1) factual knowledge; (2) misconceptions; (3) attitudes; (4) perceived susceptibility; and (5) perceived self-efficacy. These items originated from 18 AIDS studies involving children and adolescents and were…

Paniagua, Freddy A.; And Others

1994-01-01

331

Knowledge, attitudes and anxiety towards influenza A/H1N1 vaccination of healthcare workers in Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aimed to analyze the factors associated with knowledge and attitudes about influenza A (H1N1 and vaccination, and possible relations of these factors with anxiety among healthcare workers (HCW. Methods The study used a cross-sectional descriptive design, and it was carried out between 23 November and 4 December 2009. A total of 300 HCW from two hospitals completed a questionnaire. Data collection tools comprised a questionnaire and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI. Results Vaccination rate for 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1 among HCW was low (12.7%. Most of the respondents believed the vaccine was not safe and protective. Vaccination refusal was mostly related to the vaccine's side effects, disbelief to vaccine's protectiveness, negative news about the vaccine and the perceived negative attitude of the Prime Minister to the vaccine. State anxiety was found to be high in respondents who felt the vaccine was unsafe. Conclusions HCW considered the seriousness of the outbreak, their vaccination rate was low. In vaccination campaigns, governments have to aim at providing trust, and media campaigns should be used to reinforce this trust as well. Accurate reporting by the media of the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccines and the importance of vaccines for the public health would likely have a positive influence on vaccine uptake. Uncertain or negative reporting about the vaccine is detrimental to vaccination efforts.

Tanriverdi Derya

2010-09-01

332

Occupational Safety and Health Act: A Responsibility for Science Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents implications of the Occupational Safety and Health Act for science teachers both as workers and as they encourage, in students, the development of positive safety attitudes for future occupations. (PEB)

Science Teacher, 1974

1974-01-01

333

75 FR 68224 - Safety Management Systems for Part 121 Certificate Holders  

Science.gov (United States)

...Safety Promotion An organizational safety effort cannot...implementation of policy. The organizational culture and individual attitudes...building a positive safety culture. The organization...of collaboration, trust, and respect....

2010-11-05

334

Traffic Safety Facts Research Note: 2007 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey: Use of and Support for Emergency Medical Services Systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) conducts the Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey (MVOSS) on a periodic basis to monitor the publics attitudes, knowledge, and self-reported behavior regarding occupant protection devices (seat be...

A. W. Block

2009-01-01

335

QUESTIONNAIRES PRETESTING IN MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designing the perfect survey questionnaire is impossible. However, researchers can still create an effective research. To make your questionnaire effective, it is necessary to pretest it before actually using it. The following paper reveals some general guidelines on pretesting and what to do for a more effective marketing research giving the fact that the existing literature highlights the importance and indispensability of pretesting and on the other hand, does not provide sufficient information in terms of methodology about it. Also, we have tried to explain the importance of questionnaires pretesting before applying them in order to obtain the best results in marketing research and we’ve kept in mind that high quality in this domain means using new tools and improving the existing ones if one searches for efficient results.

ALINA-MIHAELA BABONEA

2011-04-01

336

Human factors questionnaire as a tool for risk assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The human factors engineering (HFE) as a discipline, and as a process, seeks to discover and to apply knowledge about human capabilities and limitations to system and equipment design, ensuring that the system design, human tasks and work environment are compatible with the sensory, perceptual, cognitive and physical attributes of the personnel who operates systems and equipment. Risk significance considers the magnitude of the consequences (loss of life, material damage, environmental degradation) and the frequency of occurrence of a particular adverse event. The questionnaire design was based on the following definitions: the score and the classification of the nuclear safety risk. The principal benefit of applying an approach based on the risk significance in the development of the questionnaire is to ensure the identification and evaluation of the features of the projects, related to human factors, which affect the nuclear safety risk, the human actions and the safety of the nuclear plant systems. The human factors questionnaire developed in this study will provide valuable support for risk assessment, making possible the identification of design problems that can influence the evaluation of the nuclear safety risk. (author)

Santos, Isaac J.A.L.; Grecco, Claudio H.S.; Carvalho, Paulo V.R.; Mol, Antonio C.A.; Oliveira, Mauro V.; Augusto, Silas C. [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN-CNEN/RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Div. de Instrumentacao e Confiabilidade Humana], e-mail: luquetti@ien.gov.br, e-mail: grecco@ien.gov.br, e-mail: paulov@ien.gov.br, e-mail: mol@ien.gov.br, e-mail: mvitor@ien.gov.br, e-mail: silas@ien.gov.br

2009-07-01

337

Hutterian Religious Ideology, Environmental Perception, and Attitudes toward Agriculture  

Science.gov (United States)

A study demonstrating how religious ideology influences Hutterian attitudes toward farming and the agricultural environment. The Hutterian Brethren are Anabaptist pacifists who live mostly on communal farms in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Alberta, Canada. The responses of both Hutterian and non-Hutterian farmers to an attitudinal questionnaire were…

Simpson-Housley, Paul

1978-01-01

338

Medical ethics: a survey of general practitioners' attitudes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A postal questionnaire was used to investigate general practitioners' attitudes to several issues of medical ethics: artificial insemination, contraception, termination of pregnancy, euthanasia and criteria for brain death. The 500 doctors surveyed were all practising in the west of Scotland; 301 forms were returned (60 per cent response).

Dunn, J. W. M.; Shaw, R. W.

1983-01-01

339

Sexual Behaviors and Attitudes of Community College Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

For seven consecutive semesters, questionnaires were administered to the students enrolled in Illinois Central College's human sexuality course to determine their sexual experience, practices, and orientation. The surveys also sought to assess the students' attitudes toward homosexuality, pornography, masturbation, extramarital relations,…

Hartnett, Barbara M.; Zettle, Thomas E.

340

An Assessment of Nursing Attitudes toward Computers in Health Care.  

Science.gov (United States)

The attitudes and perceptions of practicing nurses, student nurses, and nurse educators toward computerization of health care were assessed using questionnaires sent to two general hospitals and five nursing education programs. The sample consisted of 83 first-year nursing students, 84 second-year nursing students, 52 practicing nurses, and 26…

Carl, David L.; And Others

 
 
 
 
341

The Job Attitudes of Workers from Different Ethnic Backgrounds.  

Science.gov (United States)

To help minority group Americans become integrated into our industrial system, organizations need information on differences in job attitudes of white and black male employees, particularly how they perceive and react to supervisors. A pilot study demonstrated the feasibility of the questionnaire method for the target sample and illuminated the…

Katzell, Raymond A.; And Others

342

Young People, Pornography, and Sexuality: Sources and Attitudes  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of and attitudes among young people toward pornography and their sources of information about sexuality. Eight hundred and seventy-six young people ages 15-25 years (555 females and 321 males) who visited a youth center in Sweden for a period of 1 year answered a questionnaire about their use of…

Wallmyr, Gudrun; Welin, Catharina

2006-01-01

343

Motives, Attitudes and Approaches to Studying in Distance Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationships between demographic characteristics, motives and attitudes to studying, self-reported study behaviour and measures of outcome. Students taking courses by distance learning received a postal survey containing a short form of the Motivated Strategies and Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) and the Revised…

Richardson, John T. E.

2007-01-01

344

Parental Discretion Advised: Televised Warning Statements and Parental Attitudes.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was conducted to determine the influence on parents of televised warnings about content unsuitable for children and to determine parents' attitudes toward such warnings. Researchers conducted interviews in 422 homes and distributed questionnaires with Likert-type and frequency scale items. While parents recognized and observed the…

Slater, Dan; Thompson, Teresa L.

345

Teaching human variation: Can education change students' attitudes towards "race"?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines the influence of education on students' attitudes to-wards the race concept. A questionnaire was distributed before and after a short teaching module on human variation. A significant shift in student position from undecided and racial towards non-racial was observed, thus confirming the importance of scientific education in shaping students' opinions.

Štrkalj Goran

2007-01-01

346

PROBLEM SOLVING ASSESSMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL: ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS' ATTITUDE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Study investigated the attitude of students towards Problem Solving Assessment. Descriptive research design of the survey type was used. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A total of 200 secondary school students were selected through stratified random sampling technique. Avalidated questionnaire vetted by experts in measurement and research was used as an instrument for data collection. Independent t-test statistic was used for data analysis. The study revealed that students' attitude towards Attitude of Problem Solving Assessment were significantly positive; that gender and school location significantly influenced students' attitude towards Attitude of Problem Solving Assessment . The results further revealed that there are significant differences between attitude of male and female students in rural and urban schools towards Attitude of Problem Solving Assessment Based on these findings, the researchers recommended that school education board should open well equipped teaching with problem solving assessment in both urban and rural schools .

PRASHANT THOTE

2013-04-01

347

Computer knowledge, attitudes, and skills of nurses in People's Hospital of Beijing Medical University.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first Chinese Hospital Information Systems (HIS) was used as a pilot project at People's Hospital, of Beijing Medical University (BMU). To assess the computer knowledge, attitudes, and skills of nurses working in the hospital, and to examine the relationships among these factors, 169 staff nurses working on clinical units were surveyed by proportionate stratified random sampling. Computer knowledge, attitudes, and skills were measured, by a nurses' computer knowledge questionnaire (NCKQ), nurses' computer attitude scale (NCAS), and nurses' computer skill scale (NCSS), respectively, developed by the investigators. Data analysis showed that the overall computer knowledge and skills of nurses were at moderate levels and the computer attitudes were neutral. Nurses' computer skills were significantly and positively correlated with both computer knowledge and computer attitudes; however, no significant correlation was found between computer knowledge and computer attitudes. Strategies to enhance nurses' computer knowledge, attitudes, and skills were proposed. PMID:10939189

Liu, J E; Pothiban, L; Lu, Z; Khamphonsiri, T

2000-01-01

348

FOOD SAFETY AT HOME  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Consumers nowadays play a critical role in the prevention of food poisoning. For this reason, the present research was planned to collect data on how aware about food safety consumers are. A questionnaire considering food labelling, hygiene, transport, storage, preparation and kitchen hygiene was designed and submitted to consumers (health district ASL TO5). After questionnaire analysis, a training course was prepared to address specific problems. Kitchens of consentient participants were vis...

Griglio, B.; Lomonaco, S.; Nucera, D.; Grassi, M. A.

2011-01-01

349

Changing Autoerotic Attitudes and Practices among College Females: A Two-Year Follow-Up Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined effects of functional marriage and family course on female undergraduates' masturbatory attitudes and behaviors. Subjects completed questionnaires during course and two years later. Control group also completed questionnaires. Course respondents became substantially more accepting of masturbation by acquaintances and were more likely to…

Davidson, J. Kenneth, Sr.; Darling, Carol A.

1988-01-01

350

Alberta High School Counsellors' Knowledge of Homosexuality and Their Attitudes toward Gay Males  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study we investigated Alberta high school counsellors' knowledge about homosexuality and their attitudes toward gay males. Three questionnaires were mailed to 648 high school counselling centres; 223 individuals returned the completed questionnaires. Most counsellors attained low scores in measured homo-negativity and high scores regarding…

Alderson, Kevin G.; Orzeck, Tricia L.; McEwen, Scott C.

2009-01-01

351

Does personality predict medical students' attitudes to learning communication skills?  

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Full Text Available Objectives: To determine whether personality is related to medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills and self-ratings on communication skills. Methods: 524 first- and 507 second-year medical students completed the Communications Skills Attitudes Scale and rated their own communication skills. First-year students answered the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and second-year students the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses, controlling for gender, were conducted to study the impact of personality on attitudes. Analysis of variance followed by post hoc Duncan test was used to compare differences in personality traits depending on students' self-ratings on communication skills. Results: After controlling for gender, personality traits predicted differences in attitudes and were significantly related to medical students' self-ratings. Medical students with higher scores on psychoticism or aggression-hostility showed worse attitudes. Students who tended to have a better self-image scored higher on extraversion, psychoticism, impulsive-sensation seeking, or aggression-hostility traits. Conclusions: Findings support the consideration of personality traits for better student career guidance and counselling. Some students could have more difficulties to internalize certain healthcare professional competencies and show more resistance to attitude change.

Beatriz Molinuevo

2013-08-01

352

Implicit attitudes and psychopathology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The past 15 years have witnessed an ever-growing interest in the role of implicit attitudes in mental and health-related problems and disorders. The purpose of the present paper is to provide an introduction to this research area. More specifically the following issues will be addressed: 1) Why do researchers consider implicit attitudes to be of interest? 2) In what way have researchers in the field of experimental psychopathology studied implicit attitudes? and 3) What has this research yiel...

Huijding, J.

2006-01-01

353

Verbs with an Attitude  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this paper is to investigate some semantic and syntactical properties of verbs of propositional attitude, using data from English, German, Swedish, Italian and Gallipolino (a dialect from South Italy). The work is based on the distinction between situational and actional attitude as proposed by Ray Jackendoff (Jackendoff, Language, Consciousness and Culture, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2007). Within this theoretical framework, two types of propositional attitude verbs will be distinguish...

Colonna Dahlman, Roberta

2011-01-01

354

Questionnaire Research in Higher Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this paper is to discuss the survey as a research method based on three questionnaire surveys developed and administered in educational settings: (1) a survey exploring the status aspiration and gender awareness of undergraduate women completed by 62 respondents; (2) a survey of computer-assisted instruction completed by 111…

Inoue, Yukiko

355

Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

356

Effects of cadaver dissection on the attitudes of medical students.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was conducted to determine whether the attitudes of medical students to death and caring changed during the 3 months following exposure to cadaver dissection. All first-year students were invited to complete a questionnaire immediately before their initial cadaver dissection experience, after 6 weeks, and after a further 3 months. The questionnaire reflected attitudes to death, violent death, death of someone known to the respondent and caring when someone known to the respondent is seriously injured. Ethnicity and previous exposure to dying has no effect on responses, but overall men students' reactions were significantly less than for women (P < 0.001). The responses given on the final part of the questionnaire after 3 months were significantly lower than those to most questions in the first part of the questionnaire. The exceptions were those questions where the subject in the given scenario was known to the respondent, where reactions were rated significantly greater (P < 0.001) in the follow-up questionnaire and can be explained on the basis that they were a personal referent. Students rapidly develop a coping mechanism which enables them to view cadaver dissection as an occupation quite divorced from living human beings. During these early months of training solicitude decreases for those who die who are unknown to them, but concern for personal referents increases. Educators should be aware of the dramatic change of attitudes among students and the process of professionalization which might influence their caring of future patients. PMID:7861999

Charlton, R; Dovey, S M; Jones, D G; Blunt, A

1994-07-01

357

What influences clinicians' decisions about ADHD medication? Initial data from the Influences on Prescribing for ADHD Questionnaire (IPAQ)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Despite evidence for its efficacy and effectiveness, the use of medication for the treatment of ADHD remains controversial. Little is known about the factors that influence clinicians' decisions to use medication for ADHD. Here, we present initial data on the attitudes of prescribing clinicians from the Influences on Prescribing for ADHD Questionnaire (IPAQ)-a new clinician-completed, 40-item scale. The eight IPAQ subscales cover attitudes towards (1) treatment outcome optimisation, (2) the u...

Kovshoff, Hanna; Vrijens, May; Thompson, Margaret; Yardley, Lucy; Hodgkins, Paul; Barke, Edmund; Danckaerts, Marina

2013-01-01

358

The attitudes of medical students to research  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The workforce of 'physician-scientists' is ageing and decreasing in numbers. The responsibility to combat this trend rests on future generations of healthcare professionals and it is therefore valuable to evaluate medical students' attitudes towards research. OBJECTIVE: To establish the [...] attitudes of University of Cape Town (UCT) medical students towards research and to investigate the factors influencing these attitudes. METHODS: An anonymous, cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire was administered to medical students from years 1 to 6 studying medicine at UCT in 2011. Questions were primarily closed-ended and consisted of Likert scales. RESULTS: Out of a population of 1 195 medical students, 733 were sampled (63%); 65% were female, 53% were preclinical students (years 1 - 3) and 47% were in their clinical years (year 4 - 6). Overall, 61% of students had a positive attitude towards research and 74% felt that participation in research was important to their medical school education; 22% had been involved in voluntarily extracurricular research, 4% had presented at a scientific meeting and 3% had published in peer-reviewed journals. A number of perceived barriers to student research were identified including a lack of adequate training, time and research opportunities. CONCLUSION: Students believed that research was important and had a positive attitude towards it. However, few had been involved in voluntary research and produced work worthy of presentation and/or publication. Addressing identified barriers and improving students' attitudes may begin to reverse the trend in declining numbers of physician-scientists.

D, Nel; R J, Burman; R, Hoffman; S, Randera-Rees.

359

A Complementary Alternative Medicine Questionnaire for Young Adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Limited information exists on how adolescents decide to use complementary/alternative medicine (CAM. There are also no instruments specific to CAM, for the young adult population, which makes it difficult to explore knowledge in this area. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the CAM Questionnaire for Young Adults which measures young adults’ attitudes about CAM. Participants for this cross-sectional survey were selected from enrolled undergraduate students at an urban university. Factor analysis identified three subscales: 1 positive beliefs about CAM; 2 environmental influence; and 3 psychological comfort. The scale has good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.79 and shows beginning demonstration of validity. Its use in this sample revealed that young adults who are female and have used CAM in the past for preventing or treating illness have the most positive attitude towards CAM and the greatest likelihood for continued use. The implication that prevention may play a role in young adults’ attitudes about CAM is a potential focus for future research.

Christine Patterson

2009-01-01

360

Reading Habit and Attitude among Malaysian Polytechnic Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a study on the reading habit and attitude of the students in a Malaysian Polytechnic. A survey questionnaire adapted from Smith’s (1991 Adult Survey of Reading Attitude (ASRA and Pandian’s (1997 Reading Habit questionnaire was used for this study. The questionnaire was distributed to 119 polytechnic students from Engineering and Business department in the selected Polytechnic. Results of the study revealed that; (i the polytechnics students have low interest in reading; (ii students do not enjoy reading as much as they enjoy doing other technology related activities. Finally, the paper will discuss the implications of the findings in terms of instructional material development within reading context.

Subashini Annamalai

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
361

Risky Driving Attitudes and Self - Reported Traffic Violations Among Turkish Drivers : the Case of Eski?ehir  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Risky driving attitude terminology is used to explain behaviors, which directly increase accident risk, such as over speeding or violation to traffic rules while driving and attitudes related to traffic safety. This study is focused on driver factors in traffic accidents and was carried out in order to show risky drivers' attitudes tendency, especially. In this study, in order to develop a risky driver attitude model, factors explaining obedience to speed rules, caring about traffic accidents...

Y?lmaz, Veysel; C?elik, H. Eray

2006-01-01

362

Attitudes of the Japanese elite toward nuclear issues  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The results of a survey by questionnaire on ''the attitudes of Japanese elite toward nuclear issues'' are described as follows: post-TMI Japanese attitude toward nuclear issues, dominant 'must-is-master' attitude toward nuclear power, domestic enrichment and reprocessing seen as more proliferation-prone, high consensus gained on internationalization of enrichment and reprocessing, diminishing psychological deterrent against nuclear proliferation, dim future of nuclear non-proliferation and growing importance of nuclear-age nationalism, knowledge of leaders concerning the number of nuclear power reactors in Japan. For so-called 'consistency' operating in attitude system, the data were cross-tabulated by the question ''Japan should increase nuclear power to free itself from excessive dependence upon oil imports,'' and the resultant cross-tabulations were submitted to chi-square test. Throughout, the presence of attitudinal consistency was confirmed. (J.P.N.)

1979-01-01

363

Attitudes towards Online Infidelity among Taiwanese College Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Online relationship activities have been increasing sharply over the past few years. However, only a few attempts have been made so far to study users’ attitudes towards online relationships and infidelity. The present research used a questionnaire survey of college students to examine their attitudes towards online infidelity and behavior in online relationships. A cluster analysis was adopted to explore the differences among respondents in their attitude towards infidelity resulting from online relationship activities. Based on these attitudes, the respondents were divided into three groups: “conservative towards online relationships,” “accepting of non-sexual virtual relationships,” and “liberal towards online relationships.” This study found that females were more likely to rate online relationship activities, especially sexually related ones such as engaging in hot chat sessions and sexual relationships, as infidelity.

Chih-Chien Wang

2008-06-01

364

Hypochondriacal attitudes comprise heterogeneous non-illness-related cognitions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Hypochondriacal attitudes were associated with cognitions not related to illness: Social fears, low self-esteem, and reduced warm glow effect, i.e. less positive appraisal of familiar stimuli. Only a single study had investigated the correlation of hypochondriacal attitudes with the warm glow effect so far and the present study aimed to corroborate this association. Particularly, the present investigation tested for the first time whether social fears, low self-esteem, and reduced warm glow effect represent distinct or related biases in hypochondriacal attitudes. Methods Fifty-five volunteers filled in the Hypochondriacal Beliefs and Disease Phobia scales of the Illness Attitude Scales, two scales enquiring social fears of criticism and intimacy, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The interaction of valence and spontaneous familiarity ratings of Chinese characters indicated the warm glow effect. Results A stepwise regression model revealed specific covariance of social fears and warm glow with hypochondriacal attitudes independent from the respective other variable. The correlation between low self-esteem and hypochondriacal attitudes missed significance. Conclusions Hypochondriacal attitudes are embedded in a heterogeneous cluster of non-illness-related cognitions. Each social fears and a reduced cognitive capacity to associate two features – positive appraisal and familiarity - could diminish the susceptibility to safety signals such as medical reassurance. To compensate for reduced susceptibility to safety signals, multifocal treatment and repeated consultations appear advisable.

Schwenzer Michael

2012-10-01

365

Analysing lawyers’ attitude towards knowledge sharing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: The study examined and identified the factors that affect lawyers’ attitudes toknowledge sharing, and their knowledge sharing behaviour. Specifically, it investigated therelationship between the salient beliefs affecting the knowledge sharing attitude of lawyers’,and applied a modified version of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA in the knowledgesharing context, to predict how these factors affect their knowledge sharing behaviour.Method: A field survey of 273 lawyers was carried out, using questionnaire for data collection.Collected data on all variables were structured into grouped frequency distributions. PrincipalComponent Factor Analysis was applied to reduce the constructs and Simple Regression wasapplied to test the hypotheses. These were tested at 0.05% level of significance.Results: Results showed that expected associations and contributions were the majordeterminants of lawyers’ attitudes towards knowledge sharing. Expected reward was notsignificantly related to lawyers’ attitudes towards knowledge sharing. A positive attitudetowards knowledge sharing was found to lead to a positive intention to share knowledge,although a positive intention to share knowledge did not significantly predict a positiveknowledge sharing behaviour. The level of Information Technology (IT usage was also foundto significantly affect the knowledge sharing behaviour of lawyers’.Conclusion: It was recommended that law firms in the study area should deploy more ITinfrastructure and services that encourage effective knowledge sharing amongst lawyers.

Wole M. Olatokun

2012-09-01

366

Behavioral determinants of mothers' safety measures to prevent injuries of pre-school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Home-related injuries are a major threat to pre-school children in the western world. In this study the behavioral determinants of 18 parental safety measures were assessed. To select behavioral determinants, the Attitude-Social influence-Self-efficacy/barriers model was used with the inclusion of variables from the Health Belief Model and the Protection Motivation Theory. A written questionnaire was completed by 1129 Dutch mothers of pre-school children. Most safety measures were explained (rather) well by the same set of determinants. Main determinants for adopting or not adopting a safety measure were the mother's belief in the necessity of the safety measure according to the child's age, her belief about her partner's opinion on the necessity and her belief about the success of taking the measure. Subsequent important determinants were the mother's belief about the inconvenience and instrumentality of the safety measure; the perceived susceptibility had a minor or moderate influence on most measures. This study did not indicate that more highly educated mothers were more knowledgeable about safety-related subjects. The theoretical implications of this study are discussed. PMID:7481601

Wortel, E; de Geus, G H; Kok, G

1995-09-01

367

Application of safety case concept in practice preliminary findings from the NEA Intesc initiative  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During 2006 NEA issued a questionnaire on ''INTernational Experiences in Safety Cases'' (INTESC). Answers have been received from 15 organisations representing both implementing organisations and regulatory authorities in 9 countries. NEA is currently compiling the answers entailing a detailed review, sorting, and analysis of results to further refine the themes, trends, significant advancements, points of divergence, and key challenges. All responding programmes are preparing extensive safety cases (or preliminary ones) in line with most of the elements of a safety case suggested by the NEA Safety Case brochure. Judging from the regulatory responses, such an ambition level is also required according to regulations. Overall, there are similar approaches and attitudes in different programmes and similar concerns expressed from the participating regulators. Implementers appear to address issues raised by regulators. However, there are some important examples of differences in use or in interpretation and there are some elements of real life safety cases not covered by the brochure. Furthermore, there is substantial overlap between several of the elements listed in the brochure and some further definition of the elements and terminology may be helpful to clarify the actual differences and similarities in safety cases. (author)

2008-01-01

368

Safety culture in transport  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

'Safety culture' is a wording that appeared first in 1986, during the evaluation of what happened during the Tchernobyl accident. Safety culture is defined in the IAEA 75-INSAG-4 document as the characteristics and attitude which, in organizations and in men behaviours, make that questions related to safety of nuclear power plants benefits, in priority, of the attention that they need in function of their importance. The INSAG-4 document identifies three different elements necessary to the development of the safety culture: commitment of the policy makers, commitment of the managers of the industry, and commitment of individuals. This paper gives examples to show how safety culture is existing in the way Transnucleaire performs the activities in the field of transport of nuclear materials. (author)

1998-05-10

369

Tetanic syndrome questionnaire in stutterers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinical symptoms of 32 stutterers--schoolchildren of 14-year average age were evaluated according to the questionnaire containing 45 complaints of tetanic syndrome. We found headache, fatigue, anxiety, paresthesias and hypothermia of limbs in 30 per cent of this group. More than 80 per cent of the patients had positive Chvostek sign and 60 per cent had positive ischemic and hyperventilation tests. PMID:1838877

Chytilová, H; Pesák, J; Steidl, L

1991-01-01

370

Type 2 Diabetic Patients' Attitudes about Care and Treatment and Factors Affecting the Attitudes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This research was planned as a descriptive study for the purpose of determining attitudes of Type 2 diabetic patients towards their care and treatment. METHOD: The sample was comprised of 110 diabetic patients who came to the Turkish Diabetes Society, Denizli Office, Diabetes Center between March 1 and May 15, 2007. Data collection tools used in the study was a questionnaire to determine the illness-related descriptive characteristics and the Diabetes Attitude Scale to determine the attitudes towards care and treatment. Data were analyzed using SPSS 11.0 software. RESULTS: In this study 58.2% of the patients were female, 41.8% were male and 33.6% were primary school graduates. Their mean age was 56.44 ± 12.12 years. Compliance with treatment for 48.2% of the patients was at the average level. The patients had a low level of positive attitudes towards their care and treatment. The female patients' mean score from the tool was 3.42 ± 0.57 and the male patients' was 3.61 ± 0.29. As a result of the statistical analysis it was determined that there were statistically significant relationships between level of compliance with treatment and status of being careful with diet and their diabetes attitude (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: In conclusion the male patients had more positive attitudes towards their care and treatment compared to the female patients. Statistically significant differences were found between diabetes attitude and level of compliance with treatment and status of being careful with diet. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(3.000: 223-230

Asiye Kartal

2008-06-01

371

Public attitudes toward nuclear power generation. Focusing on measurement of attitude intensity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of the present study was to 1) examine the differences of the perception between nuclear power generation (NPG) and electric power generation by nuclear fusion, 2) find the structural characteristics of the attitude toward NPG, 3) shed light on the characteristics of knowledge about NPG, and 4) develop a scale to measure the intensity in attitude toward NPG. Subjects (N = 1,582) were randomly assigned into 4 groups and were asked to answer a questionnaire including public attitudes toward NPG and related matters. The results were as follows: 1) the perception of electric power generation by nuclear fusion was less favorable than that of NPG; 2) Items which correlated with attitudes toward NPG were: 'sense of anxiety,' sensitivity to risk,' 'trust in science and technology,' 'evaluation of Japan's nuclear policy', 'evaluation of electric power companies,' and interest in life and environmental issues.' Moreover, people with a strong attitude tended to be rational and had a better knowledge of NPG; 3) The evaluation of the amount of subjective knowledge concerning nuclear power and electric power generation was reliable as a measure of objective knowledge; 4) The measurement method used in this study was characterized by the use of biased questions(ten positively and ten negatively biased questions) which were shown to the subjects using the split-half method. An attempt was made to measure the attitude and its intensity taking into consideration gender, positive or negative attitude toward NPG, level of knowledge about NPG, age, and occupation. As a result, differences in intensity between different attributes were found. (author)

1999-09-01

372

Safety management. Topical issue 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper reviews the concept of safety management, which has been defined as a comprehensive set of processes, systems and procedures coupled with attitudes inculcated to operate nuclear installations safely. It highlights its inextricable link to safety culture and organizational issues, such as employee contribution and management commitment at all levels to overall safety management. In the face of increasing pressures on the nuclear industry through corporate and plant restructuring, deregulation and privatization, it is even more important that safety is managed correctly. The advantages of self-assessment and peer review of safety performance are stressed as effective tools to monitor standards and identify areas for improvement. This search for improvement can also be aided through the establishment of indicators, risk monitors and the will to learn from others in the pursuit of excellence. Regulatory bodies play a major part in the facilitation of safety improvements, the shaping of attitudes and the encouragement of good safety performance. Therefore, the regulatory-utility interfaces are seen as the vital components of a good safety management system. It has been shown that probabilistic safety assessment (PSA), properly applied, can provide added confidence in the safety management area, and when utilized in conjunction with configuration management and control it can contribute greatly to the achievement of shorter, safer outages and maintenance. Several key questions are posed in the paper relating to the essential issues of safety management and the need for internationally co-ordinated efforts to address current and future concerns. (author)

1998-09-04

373

Management of safety culture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The strengthening of safety culture in an organization has become an increasingly important issue for nuclear industry. A high level of safety performance is essential for business success in intensely competitive global environment. This presentation offers a discussion of some principles and activities used in enhancing safety performance and appropriate safety behaviour at the Krsko NPP. Over the years a number of events have occurred in nuclear industry that have involved problems in human performance. A review of these and other significant events has identified recurring weaknesses in plant safety culture and policy. Focusing attention on the strengthening of relevant processes can help plants avoid similar undesirable events. The policy of the Krsko NPP is that all employees concerned shall constantly be alert to opportunities to reduce risks to the lowest practicable level and to achieve excellence in plant safety. The most important objective is to protect individuals, society and the environment by establishing and maintaining an effective defense against radiological hazard in the nuclear power plant. It is achieved through the use of reliable structures, components, systems, and procedures, as well as plant personnel committed to a strong safety culture. The elements of safety culture include both organizational and individual aspects. Elements commonly included at the organizational level are senior management commitment to safety, organizational effectiveness, effective communication, organizational learning, and a culture that encourages identification and resolution of safety issues. Elements identified at the individual level include personal accountability, a questioning attitude, communication, procedural adherence, etc.(author)

2004-05-16

374

Safety Assessment in Installation of Precast Concrete  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was carried out to identify the safety aspects and the level of safety during the installation process in construction sites. A questionnaire survey and interviews were done to provide data on safety requirements in precast concrete construction. All of the interviews and the research questionnaire survey were conducted among contractors that are registered as class 1 to class 7 with the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB and class A to class G with Pusat Khidmat Kontraktor (PKK in Penang. Returned questionnaires were analysed with the use of simple percentages and the Likert Scale analysis method to identify safety aspects of precast construction. The results indicate that the safety aspect implemented by companies involved in the precast construction process is at a good level in the safety aspect during bracing, propping, welding and grouting processes and at a very good level of safety in general aspects and safety aspects during lifting processes.

Yashrri S.N.

2014-03-01

375

Examining mathematics attitude in a TIMSS 2003 pilot research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Apart from the data on test reliability, the psychometric features of the TIMSS variables are not officially available. It is therefore not clear whether the TIMSS findings capture real educational trends. Being concerned with mathematics attitude, the aim of this research was to determine the psychometric values of a mathematics attitude scale derived from a student questionnaire, and, if these are appropriate, to examine the relation of mathematics attitude to gender and mathematics achievement, and search for gender differences in the applied mathematics attitude indicators. By using a sample of 89 seventh-grade students involved in a TIMSS 2003 pilot research, it revealed the following findings: (a the representativity reliability, homogeneity and validity of the applied attitude scale were acceptable, (b attitude to mathematics was related to mathematics achievement, (c gender differences in mathematics attitude were not found and (d gender differences in the applied indicators were only present for the statement "I need to do well in mathematics to get into the faculty of my choice" where males expressed a higher agreement than females.

Kadijevi? ?or?e M.

2003-01-01

376

Structure and intensity of public attitudes toward nuclear power generation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose was to (1) find the structural characteristics of the public attitudes toward nuclear power generation (NPG), and (2) develop a scale to measure the intensity in attitude toward NPG. Subjects (N=1,582) were asked to answer a partly different questionnaire including attitude toward NPG and related matters. The results were: (1) Items which correlated with attitude toward NPG were: 'Sense of anxiety about NPG,' 'Sensitivity to risk,' 'Trust in science and technology,' 'Evaluation of Japan's nuclear policy,' Evaluation of electric power companies,' and 'Interest in life and environmental issues.' Moreover, people with a strong attitude tended to be rational and had a detailed knowledge of NPG; (2) The measurement method used was characterized by the use of biased questions (ten positively and ten negatively biased questions) which were shown to the subjects using the split-half method. We compared the proportion of 'agree' answers to positively biased questions (P) and that of 'disagree' answers to negatively biased questions (N). The data analysis was done by the following measures: (1) 'Attitude toward NPG (P or N)', (2) 'Absolute Intensity (P - N)', and (3) Relative Intensity [(P - N)/{(P + N)/2}]'. As a result, differences in attitude and its intensity among different attributes were remarkably found. (author)

2000-09-01

377

Knowledge, attitudes, and dietary practices of female athletes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between the nutrition knowledge and attitudes and dietary practices of adolescent female athletes was studied, using a 24-hour recall and a 48-hour food record with a modified version of the self-administered knowledge and attitude questionnaire of Werblow et al. Analysis indicated that the diets were similar to those of other teenage girls in the United States. The calculated mean values for vitamins A and C were more than 100% of the RDAs, while those for calcium and iron were less than 67% of the allowances. The mean energy value was less than recommended and may have been inadequate for the active subjects. Food consumption analysis showed that of total servings, the milk and meat groups accounted for only about 10% each and that more than 30% came from the "others" group. Although the subjects had some common misconceptions about nutrition, they were generally knowledgeable as well as positive in their attitudes toward nutrition. Nutrition knowledge and attitudes were positively correlated, indicating that the more nutrition knowledge a subject had, the more positive was the attitude toward nutrition, and vice versa. However, no significant correlation was found between nutrition knowledge or attitudes and dietary intake, suggesting that factors other than nutrition knowledge and attitudes, such as a concern for weight and a dependence on others for food selection, played a role in determining the food practices of the subjects. PMID:3989173

Perron, M; Endres, J

1985-05-01

378

Intensive care unit safety culture and outcomes: a US multicenter study†  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective Safety culture may influence patient outcomes, but evidence is limited. We sought to determine if intensive care unit (ICU) safety culture is independently associated with outcomes. Design Cohort study combining safety culture survey data with the Project IMPACT Critical Care Medicine (PICCM) clinical database. Setting Thirty ICUs participating in the PICCM database. Participants A total of 65 978 patients admitted January 2001–March 2005. Interventions None. Main outcome measures Hospital mortality and length of stay (LOS). Methods From December 2003 to April 2004, we surveyed study ICUs using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-ICU version, a validated instrument that assesses safety culture across six factors. We calculated factor mean and percent-positive scores (% respondents with mean score ?75 on a 0–100 scale) for each ICU, and generated case-mix adjusted, patient-level, ICU-clustered regression analyses to determine the independent association of safety culture and outcome. Results We achieved a 47.9% response (2103 of 4373 ICU personnel). Culture scores were mostly low to moderate and varied across ICUs (range: 13–88, percent-positive scores). After adjustment for patient, hospital and ICU characteristics, for every 10% decrease in ICU perceptions of management percent-positive score, the odds ratio for hospital mortality was 1.24 (95% CI: 1.07–1.44; P = 0.005). For every 10% decrease in ICU safety climate percent-positive score, LOS increased 15% (95% CI: 1?30%; P = 0.03). Sensitivity analyses for non-response bias consistently associated safety climate with outcome, but also yielded some counterintuitive results. Conclusion In a multicenter study conducted in the USA, perceptions of management and safety climate were moderately associated with outcomes. Future work should further develop methods of assessing safety culture and association with outcomes.

Huang, David T.; Clermont, Gilles; Kong, Lan; Weissfeld, Lisa A.; Sexton, J. Bryan; Rowan, Kathy M.; Angus, Derek C.

2010-01-01

379

Development, content validity, and piloting of an instrument designed to measure managers' attitude toward workplace breastfeeding support.  

Science.gov (United States)

Manager attitude is influential in female employees' perceptions of workplace breastfeeding support. Currently, no instrument is available to assess manager attitude toward supporting women who wish to combine breastfeeding with work. We developed and piloted an instrument to measure manager attitudes toward workplace breastfeeding support entitled the "Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire," an instrument that measures four constructs using 60 items that are rated agree/disagree on a 4-point Likert rating scale. We established the content validity of the Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire measures through expert content review (n=22), expert assessment of item fit (n=11), and cognitive interviews (n=8). Data were collected from a purposive sample of 185 front-line managers who had experience supervising female employees, and responses were scaled using the Multidimensional Random Coefficients Multinomial Logit Model. Dimensionality analyses supported the proposed four-construct model. Reliability ranged from 0.75 to 0.86, and correlations between the constructs were moderately strong (0.47 to 0.71). Four items in two constructs exhibited model-to-data misfit and/or a low score-measure correlation. One item was revised and the other three items were retained in the Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire. Findings of this study suggest that the Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire measures are reliable and valid indicators of manager attitude toward workplace breastfeeding support, and future research should be conducted to establish external validity. The Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire could be used to collect data in a standardized manner within and across companies to measure and compare manager attitudes toward supporting breastfeeding. Organizations can subsequently develop targeted strategies to improve support for breastfeeding employees through efforts influencing managerial attitude. PMID:22542265

Chow, Tan; Wolfe, Edward W; Olson, Beth H

2012-07-01

380

Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of dental injury among physical education teachers: A survey in Bangalore urban schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher?s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher?s attitude and the way they handle the i...

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

A total safety management model  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In nuclear organizations, quality and safety are inextricably linked. Therefore, the search for excellence means reaching excellence in nuclear safety. The International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, developed, after the Chernobyl accident, the organizational approach for improving nuclear safety based on the safety culture, which requires a framework necessary to provide modifications in personnel attitudes and behaviors in situations related to safety. This work presents a Total Safety Management Model, based on the Model of Excellence of the Brazilian Quality Award and on the safety culture approach, which represents an alternative to this framework. The Model is currently under validation at the Nuclear Engineering Institute, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the results of its initial safety culture self assessment are also presented and discussed. (author)

2002-12-02

382

Development and applications of a safety assessment system for promoting safety culture in nuclear power plants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For past five years, CRIEPI has been continuing efforts to develop and make applications of a 'safety assessment system' which enable to measure the safety level of organization. This report describe about frame of the system, assessment results and its reliability, and relation between labor accident rate in the site and total safety index (TSI), which can be obtained by the principal factors analysis. The safety assessment in this report is based on questionnaire survey of employee. The format and concrete questionnaires were developed using existing literatures including organizational assessment tools. The tailored questionnaire format involved 124 questionnaire items. The assessment results could be considered as a well indicator of the safety level of organization, safety management, and safety awareness of employee. (author)

2004-10-04

383

The Role of Student Learning Styles, Gender, Attitudes and Perceptions on Information and Communication Technology Assisted Learning.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a study conducted at the University of North London (England) that used an illuminative approach to evaluate undergraduate students' initial attitudes towards the use of information and communication technology. Discusses results of Honey and Mumford's learning style questionnaire and a factor analysis of student attitudes that included…

Shaw, Graham; Marlow, Nigel

1999-01-01

384

Public Attitudes towards Socio-Cultural Aspects of Water Supply and Sanitation Services: Palestine as a Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Identifying and considering public attitudes towards various aspects of water supply and sanitation services by planners and decision makers represent an important developmental element relating to the quality, efficiency, and performance of those services. A sample of 1000 Palestinian adults completed a questionnaire assessing attitudes towards…

Haddad, Marwan

2005-01-01

385

Sex-Role Related Goals and Attitudes of Minority Students: A Study of Black College Women and Reentry Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Black women and White reentry students completed a questionnaire that assessed educational goals, career goals, sex-role attitudes, and demographic traits. The results indicate that religious upbringing, mothers' educational attainment, and birth order significantly predict students' sex-role related goals and attitudes. (Author)

Zuckerman, Diana M.

1981-01-01

386

The Relationship of Childhood Sexual Abuse to the Marital Attitudes and Readiness for Marriage of Single Young Adult Women  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationship of childhood sexual abuse to marital attitudes and perceived readiness for marriage in single young adult women. A total of 622 women from three universities in the United States completed questionnaires on sexual abuse, attitudes and feelings about marriage, and readiness for marriage. After controlling…

Larson, Jeffry H.; LaMont, Craig

2005-01-01

387

Influence of Biological, Social and Psychological Factors on Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Female University Students in Brazil  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of the study was to estimate abnormal eating attitudes influenced by associated factors among female students of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, southern Brazil. Abnormal eating attitudes were investigated using the eating attitudes test (EAT-26), according to the presence (EAT+) and absence (EAT-) of symptoms in a sample of 220 students. The body-image was assessed by the body-shape questionnaire (BSQ-34). Body mass index, body-fat percentage, waist-...

Da Cunha Feio Costa, Larissa; Assis Guedes Vasconcelos, Francisco; Peres, Karen Glazer

2010-01-01

388

The Long and Winding Road : Emotional Reactions during In Vitro Fertilization and Attitudes towards Cryopreserved Embryos and Oocyte Donation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main aims were to investigate emotional reactions during in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment among women and men, attitudes of IVF couples towards cryopreserved embryos and public attitudes towards various aspects of oocyte donation in Sweden. Assessments of emotional, physical and social reactions were made on a daily reaction scale and attitudes on the basis of study-specific questionnaires. Both women and men experienced the stages of oocyte retrieval and embryo transfer, as well as...

Skoog Svanberg, Agneta

2003-01-01

389

A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Voluntary Blood Donation among Medical Students in Puducherry, India  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Knowledge, attitude and practice studies have been used to understand the various factors that influence blood donation which is the basis for donor mobilization and retention strategies. Role of youngsters in voluntary blood donation is crucial to meet the demand of safe blood. The present study was aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among the health care students. A validated and pre-tested questionnaire on knowledge, attitude an...

Kowsalya, V.; Vijayakumar, R.; Chidambaram, R.; Srikumar, R.; Prabhakar Reddy, E.; Latha, S.; Gayathri Fathima, I.; Kishor Kumar, C.

2013-01-01