WorldWideScience
 
 
1

SKI review of SKB research programs 1992. Summary of considerations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) has reviewed the research programs 1992 of the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB). This report presents a summary of the answers given by the authorities and institutions

2

AVHRR image navigation - Summary and review  

Science.gov (United States)

The navigation of imagery from polar orbiting weather satellites includes the correction for geometric distortions due to earth shape/earth rotation, satellite orbit variations, and satellite attitude along with the resampling of the satellite image to a selected geographic map projection. The routine image navigation procedure also compensates for the distortion of the satellite imagery due to the nonlinear scanning of the sensor system. This paper reviews general methods for performing this image navigation, ranging from a method that assumes no orbital information and, thus, relies on nominal orbital parameter values and image corrections computed by matching ground control points (GCPs), to a method that uses high-quality satellite ephemeris data to make the correction with a limited number of GCPs. A procedure to optimize the image navigation by using a spatial remapping, or interpolation, is introduced and outlined. Recommendations are made for people interested in the processing of AVHRR imagery.

Emery, William J.; Brown, Jim; Nowak, Z. Paul

1989-01-01

3

Review and summary of RERTR'97  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 1997 RERTR meeting was the 20th annual meeting. Time to review the status of the program and to discuss the planned RERTR program speed. After years of agony there is still no sufficient activity in conversion studies and conversion of research reactors. Flanking measures are absolutely necessary to convince operators who have converted their reactors that they are not sitting alone in the rain. Some of these measures are very satisfying, e.g. the take back program of US origin fuel (free of charge for low income countries). The development of higher density fuel allows reactor operators to believe that they are not the only one to pay the penalties. The development of fuel for Russian reactors must be followed by a similar take back program to reduce the stockpiles. The light is being switched on again on this program. (author)

4

Columbia River System Operation Review final environmental impact statement. Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Columbia River System Operation Review (SOR) is being conducted jointly by the US Army Corps of Engineers, the Bureau of Reclamation, and the Bonneville Power Administration. This summary of the SOR story begins where the Draft EIS summary left off. It is divided into seven parts, each of which reports some aspect of the study's outcome: Part 1 is a history. The SOR was not a simple study on any level, and to understand the EIS alternatives, some background is necessary. Part 2 reports the major findings of the technical analysis of alternative system operating strategies, and presents the agencies' Preferred Alternative. Part 3 explains actions the agencies may take with respect to the Columbia River Regional Forum, the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement, and the Canadian Entitlement Allocation Agreements. Part 4 presents the Purpose and Need, elements at the core of any Federal EIS. It includes a map showing the Columbia River Basin and information on the affected Federal projects. Part 5 describes the substantial public participation and outreach that occurred during the SOR, and Part 6 summarizes efforts to incorporate the Tribal perspective into the study. Part 7 describes other activities that will be taking place in the next few years, which are related to and build upon the SOR

5

75 FR 50761 - Draft Toxicological Review of Dichloromethane: In Support of Summary Information on the...  

Science.gov (United States)

...EPA-HQ-ORD-2010-0224] Draft Toxicological Review of Dichloromethane: In Support of Summary Information...titled, ``Toxicological Review of Dichloromethane: In Support of Summary Information...workshop on the draft assessment for Dichloromethane will be held on September 23,...

2010-08-17

6

Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fourth workshop of the OECD/NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC) was hosted by ONDRAF/NIRAS, the Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste Management and enriched fissile materials. The central theme of the workshop was ''Dealing with interests, values and knowledge in managing risk''within the Belgian context of local partnerships for the long term management of low-level, short-lived radioactive waste. The four-day workshop started with a half-day session in Brussels giving a general introduction on the Belgian context and the local partnership methodology. This was followed by community visits to three local partnerships, PaLoFF in Fleurus-Farciennes, MONA in Mol, and STOLA in Dessel. After the visits, the workshop continued with two full-day sessions in Brussels. One hundred and nineteen registered participants, representing 13 countries, attended the workshop or participated in the community visits. About two thirds were Belgian stakeholders; the remainder came from FSC member organisations. The participants included representatives of municipal governments, civil society organisations, government agencies, industrial companies, the media, and international organisations as well as private citizens, consultants and academics. This Executive Summary gives an overview of the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop and the community visits. The structure of the Executive Summary follows the structure of the workshop itself. Complementary toe of the workshop itself. Complementary to this Executive Summary and also provided with this document, is a NEA Secretariat's reflection aiming to place the main lessons of the workshop into an international perspective. (author)

7

76 FR 36534 - Toxicological Review of Methanol (Non-Cancer): In Support of Summary Information on the...  

Science.gov (United States)

...EPA-HQ-ORD-2009-0398] Toxicological Review of Methanol (Non-Cancer): In Support of Summary...assessment titled ``Toxicological Review of Methanol (Non- Cancer): In Support of Summary...to the draft Toxicological Review of Methanol (Non-Cancer) and announcing a...

2011-06-22

8

Dutch Wholesale Power Market Review 2002. Executive Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Chapter 1 provides a background to the Dutch power market, covering generation, transmission, distribution, supply, and laws and regulations. Chapter 2 reviews the key market events during 2001 and early 2002, providing analysis and background on an important and tumultuous period in the Dutch market. Chapter 3 explains the structure and timing of the key market mechanisms (Amsterdam Power Exchange, interconnector capacity auctions, TenneT 15-minute balancing market). Chapter 4 briefly reviews fuel price developments and discusses their impact on the costs of generation. Chapter 5 contains a detailed review of the traded Dutch power markets (APX, OTC, interconnection), including the linkages between these markets and an analysis of arbitrage opportunities

9

Review of LHC and injector upgrade plans - Summary  

CERN Document Server

From 29 to 31 October 2013 the Review of the LHC and Injector Upgrade Plans (RLIUP) took place in Archamps (Haute Savoie). This paper summarizes the RLIUP conclusions, which were presented at CERN on 8 November 2013.

Myers, S

2014-01-01

10

Review of fusion research program: historical summary and program projections  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report provides a brief review of the history and current status of fusion research in the United States. It also describes the Federally funded program aimed at the development of fusion reactors for electric power generation.

Murphy, E.S.

1976-09-01

11

Review of fusion research program: historical summary and program projections  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report provides a brief review of the history and current status of fusion research in the United States. It also describes the Federally funded program aimed at the development of fusion reactors for electric power generation

12

Annual review and summary financial statement 1992/93  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report of the Board of Directors of Scottish Power for 1992/1993 is presented along with the Chairman's statement, the Chief Executive's Review, and the Environmental Statement. A financial review with group profit and loss account, balance sheets and auditors statement is given. Scottish Power welcomes the findings of the Cadbury Committee report on the Financial Aspects of Corporate Governance which recommends that listed companies should include in their report details of their compliance with a Code of Best Practice Highlights such as the 1,486 million pounds turnover, the 220 million pounds profit and the 11.15p dividend per share are quoted. (UK)

13

Summary of DOE/PERF water program review.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For many years, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has supported and sponsored various types of water research relating to the oil and gas industry through its Office of Fossil Energy and its National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). In early 2005, the Petroleum Environmental Research Forum (PERF) submitted a proposal to DOE for funding an upcoming PERF meeting that would feature water research in the petroleum industry. PERF is a nonprofit organization created in 1986 to provide a stimulus to and a forum for the collection, exchange, and analysis of research information related to the development of technology concerning the petroleum industry, and a mechanism for establishing joint research projects in that field. Additional information on PERF can be accessed at http://www.perf.org. DOE agreed to provide funding to hold a review of its water research program in conjunction with the fall 2005 PERF meeting. Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) was asked to coordinate and host the meeting, which was referred to as the DOE/PERF Water Program Review. The program review was held on November 1-4, 2005, in Annapolis, Maryland, at the Historic Inns of Annapolis. The purpose of the program review was to provide a forum for sharing information, reviewing current programs (especially recent unpublished research), and reviewing industry and regulatory needs regarding water use and reuse issues. PERF and DOE/NETL can use this information to plan for future water-related research projects. The water program review provided a unique opportunity in several ways. First, DOE was able to have all of the contractors currently receiving DOE funds for water research present in one room at the same time. Each contractor described his or her research and was able to learn about the research being conducted by the other researchers. Second, this forum allowed representatives of many large oil and gas companies to hear about the DOE research projects and offer their reactions to DOE and the researchers. Third, most oil and gas meetings focus on either upstream (the exploration and production sector) or downstream (the refining sector) issues. Typically, there is little overlap in content between the two industry sectors. At the program review, attendees with upstream and downstream orientations were able to spend much of their time in joint sessions and could learn more about the other sector.

Veil, J.; Gasper, J.; Puder, M.; Leath, P.; Environmental Science Division

2006-01-31

14

A Literature Review on Organizational Commitment – A Comprehensive Summary  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper encapsulates the evolution of the concept of organizational commitment, and its constructs. It focuses and analyses the literature findings of organizational commitments over the last five decades. It categorizes the approaches into six broad eras, each era being an extension and modification over the preceding ones. This review paper brings to the fore the theories that have emerged in the body of knowledge regarding commitment in organizations in a chronological order, starting from the side bet theory to the more recent multiple commitment approach. The gaps in the theories proposed have been identified and reviewed critically. It is difficult to conceptualize and measure organizational commitment as it encompasses a vast and highly diverse body of knowledge. Due to this it becomes difficult to interpret and conclude from the existing bodies of literature. The paper also highlights the importance of recognizing the individual/employee?s perspective towards organizational commitment.

Sayani Ghosh

2014-12-01

15

Serum tumor markers in pediatric osteosarcoma: a summary review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Osteosarcoma is the most common primary high-grade bone tumor in both adolescents and children. Early tumor detection is key to ensuring effective treatment. Serum marker discovery and validation for pediatric osteosarcoma has accelerated in recent years, coincident with an evolving understanding of molecules and their complex interactions, and the compelling need for improved pediatric osteosarcoma outcome measures in clinical trials. This review gives a short overview of ...

Savitskaya Yulia A; Rico-Martínez Genaro; Linares-González Luis Miguel; Delgado-Cedillo Ernesto Andrés; Téllez-Gastelum René; Alfaro-Rodríguez Alfonso Benito; Redón-Tavera Antonio; Ibarra-Ponce de León José Clemente

2012-01-01

16

Hot electron rings: diagnostic review and summary of measurements  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The hot electron population is a ubiquitous feature of plasmas created by electron cyclotron heating (ECH). This distinctive and unique feature has been studied with an array of diagnostics which have measured various properties. Some of these diagnostics will be reviewed, then the data from a sub-set of them will be used to illustrate the present status of the agreement between the measured and calculated ring power losses

17

Shared Communications: Volume 1. A Summary and Literature Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper provides a review of examples from the literature of shared communication resources and of agencies and/or organizations that share communication resources. The primary emphasis is on rural, intelligent transportation system communications involving transit. Citations will not be limited, however, to rural activities, or to ITS implementation, or even to transit. In addition, the term ''communication'' will be broadly applied to include all information resources. Literature references to issues that contribute to both successful and failed efforts at sharing communication resources are reviewed. The findings of this literature review indicate that: (1) The most frequently shared communication resources are information/data resources, (2) Telecommunications infrastructure and technologies are the next most frequently shared resources, (3) When resources are successfully shared, all parties benefit, (4) A few unsuccessful attempts of sharing resources have been recorded, along with lessons learned, (5) Impediments to sharing include security issues, concerns over system availability and reliability, service quality and performance, and institutional barriers, (6) Advantages of sharing include financial benefits to agencies from using shared resources and benefits to the public in terms of congestion mitigation, information transfer (e.g., traveler information systems), mobility (e.g., welfare-to-work paratransit), and safety (e.g., speed of incident response, incident avoidance), (7) Technology-based solutions exist to address technology-based concerns, and (8) Institutional issues can be addressed through leadership, enhanced knowledge and skills, open communication, responsiveness, and attractive pricing structures.

Franzese, O

2004-09-22

18

Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

In this presentation, lectures in the school are revisited and a brief summary is given. An emphasis is made to illustrate how the lectures are interconnected so as to constitute the unified basis of knowledge in realizing thermonuclear fusion in ITER. The first message here is the integration of the knowledge. All of conditions (which is imposed by individual characteristic dynamics) must be simultaneously fulfilled. Plasma conditions (density, pressure, current, shape, etc.) set parameter boundaries. Achievement of Q = 10 is expected to be realized near the ridge of boundary, so that exact knowledge of mutual relations between constraints is inevitable. The other message is that, the constraints of plasma, material and design must be subject to a special care. In this regard, the use of tritium in ITER introduces new issue in research. For instance, the containment of tritium in the device leads to a new demand for the system. This issue influences the choice of the wall material. The difference of the wall material (either light element or heavy metal), on the other hand, can have a large impact on confinement. These new features in integration will be explained. The other issue is the need of integration of knowledge to form a law of understanding. The mission of ITER must be realized as fast as possible, considering the fact the necessity for fusion energy will be more keen as time goes on. The operation of ITER has been predicted by extending the empirical scaling relations. More precise prediction and the resolution of possible problems in advance are required. For this urgency, our knowledge must be distilled as a scientific law in which elementary processes are validated.

Itoh, Kimitaka

2009-02-01

19

Summary review of rock mechanics workshop on radioactive waste disposal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Presentations, critiques and recommendations for the disposal of commercial radioactive waste based upon an analysis of the information presented at the Rock Mechanics Review/Workshop, Denver, Colorado, December 16-17, 1976 are summarized. The workshop, comprised of both formal and informal sessions, with about 50 participants, was hosted by RE/SPEC Inc. and Dr. Paul F. Gnirk, President and was sponsored by the Office of Waste Isolation (OWI), led by Dr. William C. McClain. The panel of reviewers, responsible for this report, consisted of Neville L. Carter, Richard E. Goodman, and Robert H. Merrill. These panel members were selected not only on the basis of their experience in various aspects of Rock Mechanics and Mining Engineering but also because they have had no previous active participation in problems concerning disposal of radioactive waste. By way of a general comment, the review panel was very favorably impressed with the Rock Mechanics research efforts, supported by OWI, on this problem and with the level of technical competence of those carrying out the research. Despite the rather preliminary nature of the results presented and the youth of the program itself, it is clear that the essential ingredients for a successful program are at hand, especially as regards disposal in natural salt formations. These include laboratory studies of appropriate rock deformation, numerical analyses of thermal and mechanical stresses around openings, and in situ field tests. around openings, and in situ field tests. We shall comment on each of these three major areas in turn. We shall then offer recommendations for their improvement, and, finally, we shall make more general recommendations for future considerations of the OWI radioactive waste disposal program

20

Summary of the October 1996 IASCC Review Meeting  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The seventh Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC) review meeting was held in Halden on the 30th and 31st of October 1996. A total of 22 participants from 9 different countries attended the meeting, which was chaired by Dr. J. L. Nelson (EPRI, USA). During the meeting, results from investigations currently in progress were presented and the status of developmental work was described. The meeting was concluded by discussing priorities for the 1997-1999 period and defining action items and recommendations for experimental work that either is planned or is already in progress. (author)

 
 
 
 
21

Review and summary of Solar Thermal Conversion Program planning assistance  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Solar Thermal Conversion Program comprises a major part of the national solar energy program which must be continuously reviewed and modified where necessary. Modifications are typically required to reflect technical achievements and uncertainties which arise from within the program or from other technical programs, changes in budgets available for supporting the program as well as internal program funding priorities, changing goals such as through acceleration or stretch-out of the program schedule, significant organizational changes involving responsible governmental agencies, the introduction of new project management support contractors, and required budget or schedule changes occurring within individual projects that make up the Solar Thermal Conversion Program. The Aerospace Corporation has provided data to assist in planning, review, coordination, and documentation of the overall Solar Thermal Conversion Program. The Solar Thermal Conversion Program Plan is described in detail. Sections 2.0 through 5.0 cover the discussion and detail planning covering the objectives, justification, basic and alternative plans, budgets, and schedules for the Solar Thermal sub-unit portion of the Solar Electric Applications effort. Appendices B1, B2, and B3 include the March 21, March 28, and April 5, 1975, Program Plan submissions of the complete Solar Electric Applications effort. In Appendix B the Solar Thermal, Solar Photovoltaic, Wind Energy, and Ocean Thermal sub-unit texts have been condensed and formatted for integration in the overall ERDA budget package. (WHK)

1975-06-01

22

Review and summary of RERTR'97  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 1997 RERTR meeting was the 20th annual meeting. Time to review the status of the program and to discuss the planned RERTR program speed. After years of agony there is still no sufficient activity in conversion studies and conversion of research reactors. Flanking measures are absolutely necessary to convince operators who have converted their reactors that they are not sitting alone in the rain. Some of these measures are very satisfying, e.g. the take back program of US origin fuel (free of charge for low income countries). The development of higher density fuel allows reactor operators to believe that they are not the only one to pay the penalties. The development of fuel for Russian reactors must be followed by a similar take back program to reduce the stockpiles. The light is being switched on again on this program. (author)

Krull, W. [GKSS Research Centre, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

1998-07-01

23

Serum tumor markers in pediatric osteosarcoma: a summary review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Osteosarcoma is the most common primary high-grade bone tumor in both adolescents and children. Early tumor detection is key to ensuring effective treatment. Serum marker discovery and validation for pediatric osteosarcoma has accelerated in recent years, coincident with an evolving understanding of molecules and their complex interactions, and the compelling need for improved pediatric osteosarcoma outcome measures in clinical trials. This review gives a short overview of serological markers for pediatric osteosarcoma, and highlights advances in pediatric osteosarcoma-related marker research within the past year. Studies in the past year involving serum markers in patients with pediatric osteosarcoma can be assigned to one of four categories, i.e., new approaches and new markers, exploratory studies in specialized disease subsets, large cross-sectional validation studies, and longitudinal studies, with and without an intervention. Most of the studies have examined the association of a serum marker with some aspect of the natural history of pediatric osteosarcoma. As illustrated by the many studies reviewed, several serum markers are emerging that show a credible association with disease modification. The expanding pool of informative osteosarcoma-related markers is expected to impact development of therapeutics for pediatric osteosarcoma positively and, it is hoped, ultimately clinical care. Combinations of serum markers of natural immunity, thyroid hormone homeostasis, and bone tumorigenesis may be undertaken together in patients with pediatric osteosarcoma. These serum markers in combination may do better. The potential effect of an intrinsic dynamic balance of tumor angiogenesis residing within a single hormone (tri-iodothyronine is an attractive concept for regulation of vascularization in pediatric osteosarcoma.

Savitskaya Yulia A

2012-03-01

24

Serum tumor markers in pediatric osteosarcoma: a summary review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Osteosarcoma is the most common primary high-grade bone tumor in both adolescents and children. Early tumor detection is key to ensuring effective treatment. Serum marker discovery and validation for pediatric osteosarcoma has accelerated in recent years, coincident with an evolving understanding of molecules and their complex interactions, and the compelling need for improved pediatric osteosarcoma outcome measures in clinical trials. This review gives a short overview of serological markers for pediatric osteosarcoma, and highlights advances in pediatric osteosarcoma-related marker research within the past year. Studies in the past year involving serum markers in patients with pediatric osteosarcoma can be assigned to one of four categories, i.e., new approaches and new markers, exploratory studies in specialized disease subsets, large cross-sectional validation studies, and longitudinal studies, with and without an intervention.Most of the studies have examined the association of a serum marker with some aspect of the natural history of pediatric osteosarcoma. As illustrated by the many studies reviewed, several serum markers are emerging that show a credible association with disease modification. The expanding pool of informative osteosarcoma-related markers is expected to impact development of therapeutics for pediatric osteosarcoma positively and, it is hoped, ultimately clinical care. Combinations of serum markers of natural immunity, thyroid hormone homeostasis, and bone tumorigenesis may be undertaken together in patients with pediatric osteosarcoma. These serum markers in combination may do better. The potential effect of an intrinsic dynamic balance of tumor angiogenesis residing within a single hormone (tri-iodothyronine) is an attractive concept for regulation of vascularization in pediatric osteosarcoma. PMID:22587902

Savitskaya, Yulia A; Rico-Martínez, Genaro; Linares-González, Luis Miguel; Delgado-Cedillo, Ernesto Andrés; Téllez-Gastelum, René; Alfaro-Rodríguez, Alfonso Benito; Redón-Tavera, Antonio; Ibarra-Ponce de León, José Clemente

2012-01-01

25

Fair Oaks Dairy Farms Cellulosic Ethanol Technology Review Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At Fair Oaks Dairy, dried manure solids (''DMS'') are currently used as a low value compost. United Power was engaged to evaluate the feasibility of processing these DMS into ethanol utilizing commercially available cellulosic biofuels conversion platforms. The Fair Oaks Dairy group is transitioning their traditional ''manure to methane'' mesophilic anaerobic digester platform to an integrated bio-refinery centered upon thermophilic digestion. Presently, the Digested Manure Solids (DMS) are used as a low value soil amendment (compost). United Power evaluated the feasibility of processing DMS into higher value ethanol utilizing commercially available cellulosic biofuels conversion platforms. DMS was analyzed and over 100 potential technology providers were reviewed and evaluated. DMS contains enough carbon to be suitable as a biomass feedstock for conversion into ethanol by gasification technology, or as part of a conversion process that would include combined heat and power. In the first process, 100% of the feedstock is converted into ethanol. In the second process, the feedstock is combusted to provide heat to generate electrical power supporting other processes. Of the 100 technology vendors evaluated, a short list of nine technology providers was developed. From this, two vendors were selected as finalists (one was an enzymatic platform and one was a gasification platform). Their selection was based upon the technical feasibility of their systems, engineering expertise, experience in commercial or pilot scale operations, the ability or willingness to integrate the system into the Fair Oaks Biorefinery, the know-how or experience in producing bio-ethanol, and a clear path to commercial development.

Andrew Wold; Robert Divers

2011-06-23

26

Summary of an evidence based review on interventions for medically at risk older drivers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper offers a summary based on the findings of an evidence-based review previously conducted to determine the effectiveness of interventions for medically at risk drivers with stroke, visual deficits, or cognitive decline. Specifically, this work offers occupational therapy practitioners clinically applicable recommendations and intervention strategies. Because driving is a key instrumental activity of daily living for continued independence, autonomy, and quality of life, the recommendations provided in this review may enable the clinical reasoning and decision-making skills of occupational therapists working with medically at risk older drivers. PMID:24754773

Classen, Sherrilene

2014-04-01

27

NRC review of Electric Power Research Institute's Advanced Light Reactor Utility Requirements Document - Program summary, Project No. 669  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The staff of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has prepared Volume 1 of a safety evaluation report (SER), ''NRC Review of Electric Power Research Institute's Advanced Light Water Reactor Utility Requirements Document -- Program Summary,'' to document the results of its review of the Electric Power Research Institute's ''Advanced Light Water Reactor Utility Requirements Document.'' This SER provides a discussion of the overall purpose and scope of the Requirements Document, the background of the staff's review, the review approach used by the staff, and a summary of the policy and technical issues raised by the staff during its review

28

Bioenergy. A sustainable and reliable energy source. A review of status and prospects. Executive Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This publication is the Executive Summary of a report prepared for IEA Bioenergy. The full report 'Bioenergy - a Sustainable and Reliable Energy Source' will be available on the website of IEA Bioenergy in digital form and in hard copy in a few months time. The purpose of the project was to produce an authoritative review of the entire bioenergy sector aimed at policy and investment decision makers. The brief to the contractors was to provide a global perspective of the potential for bioenergy, the main opportunities for deployment in the short and medium term and the principal issues and challenges facing the development of the sector.

29

Executive Summary of Ares V: Lunar Capabilities Concept Review Through Phase A-Cycle 3  

Science.gov (United States)

This Technical Memorandum (TM) was generated as an overall Ares V summary from the Lunar Capabilities Concept Review (LCCR) through Phase A-Cycle 3 (PA-C3) with the intent that it may be coupled with separately published appendices for a more detailed, integrated narrative. The Ares V has evolved from the initial point of departure (POD) 51.00.48 LCCR configuration to the current candidate POD, PA-C3D, and the family of vehicles concept that contains vehicles PA-C3A through H. The logical progression from concept to POD vehicles is summarized in this TM and captures the trade space and performance of each. The family-of-vehicles concept was assessed during PA-C3 and offered flexibility in the path forward with the ability to add options deemed appropriate. A description of each trade space is given in addition to a summary of each Ares V element. The Ares V contributions to a Mars campaign are also highlighted with the goal of introducing Ares V capabilities within the trade space. The assessment of the Ares V vehicle as it pertains to Mars missions remained locked to the architecture presented in Mars Design Reference Authorization 5.0 using the PA-C3D vehicle configuration to assess Mars transfer vehicle options, in-space EDS capabilities, docking adaptor and propellant transfer assessments, and lunar and Mars synergistic potential.

Holladay, J. B.; Baggett, K. E.; Feldman, S. M.

2011-01-01

30

Nuclear power - no case for new build. A summary of the evidence submitted to the UK Government's nuclear review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This item is a summary of the evidence submitted to the recent United Kingdom Government's nuclear review and is written from the point of view of nuclear contestation. After summarising the nuclear industry's case, the arguments against nuclear power are set out including the cost and management of radioactive wastes and decommissioning of nuclear power stations, as well as the subsidising of nuclear power costs. (UK)

31

76 FR 77543 - Quantitative Summary of the Benefits and Risks of Prescription Drugs: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

...Benefits and Risks of Prescription Drugs: A Literature Review.'' A literature review was conducted to address section 3507 \\1...products) to the promotional labeling or print advertising of such drugs would ``improve health...

2011-12-13

32

Nuclear EMP: review summaries of PEM notes published through October 1975  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Protection Engineering and Management Note presents brief summaries of all the PEM Notes published to date (PEM-1 through PEM-43). The notes are written, edited, or revised and published by the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in connection with Subtask R99QAXEC091 between the Laboratory and the Defense Nuclear Agency

33

Summary findings of a systematic review of the ultrasound assessment of synovitis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This report presents the results of a recent systematic review performed by the OMERACT Ultrasound Group on the metric properties of ultrasound for the detection of synovitis in inflammatory arthritis. Reviews were conducted for the hand, wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee, ankle, and foot; most reports were related to the hand and knee, and the most common disease process was rheumatoid arthritis. The review highlights the current gaps in the literature, including a lack of reliability data with respect to intra-occasion and intra- and inter-reader reliability. Current work by our group is addressing these issues.

Joshua, Fredrick; Lassere, Marissa

2007-01-01

34

Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Piping Review Committee. Volume 5. Summary - Piping Review Committee conclusions and recommendations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document summarizes a comprehensive review of NRC requirements for Nuclear Piping by the US NRC Piping Review Committee. Four topical areas, addressed in greater detail in Volumes 1 through 4 of this report, are included: (1) Stress Corrosion Cracking in Piping of Boiling Water Reactor Plants; (2) Evaluation of Seismic Design; (3) Evaluation of Potential for Pipe Breaks; and (4) Evaluation of Other Dynamic Loads and Load Combinations. This volume summarizes the major issues, reviews the interfaces, and presents the Committee's conclusions and recommendations for updating NRC requirements on these issues. This report also suggests research or other work that may be required to respond to issues not amenable to resolution at this time

35

76 FR 20349 - Draft Toxicological Review of Hexavalent Chromium: In Support of Summary Information on the...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Peer Review Workshop'' and include your name and contact information). Additional Information: For information on the draft assessment, please contact Ted Berner, National Center for Environmental Assessment (8601P), U.S....

2011-04-12

36

Surgery or embolization for varicoceles in subfertile men: summary of a Cochrane review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Treatment of varicoceles may improve fertility outcomes in subfertile couples where the male has a varicocele. This systematic review evaluates surgical or radiologic interventions for clinical or subclinical varicoceles. PMID:25456797

Kroese, Anja C J; de Lange, Natascha M; Collins, John; Evers, Johannes L H; Marjoribanks, Jane

2014-12-01

37

Summary of the National Toxicology Program's report of the endocrine disruptors low-dose peer review.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

At the request of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), the National Toxicology Program organized an independent and open peer review to evaluate the scientific evidence on low-dose effects and nonmonotonic dose-response relationships for endocrine-disrupting chemicals in mammalian species. For this peer review, "low-dose effects" referred to biologic changes that occur in the range of human exposures or at doses lower than those typically used in the standard testing paradigm ...

Melnick, Ronald; Lucier, George; Wolfe, Mary; Hall, Roxanne; Stancel, George; Prins, Gail; Gallo, Michael; Reuhl, Kenneth; Ho, Shuk-mei; Brown, Terry; Moore, John; Leakey, Julian; Haseman, Joseph; Kohn, Michael

2002-01-01

38

Summary of PERF air program review - August 22-23, 2007, Annapolis, Maryland.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For many years, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has supported and sponsored various types of environmental research related to the oil and gas industry through its Office of Fossil Energy and its National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). In November 2005, Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) organized and coordinated a review of DOE's water research program in conjunction with the fall 2005 meeting of the Petroleum Environmental Research Forum (PERF). PERF is a nonprofit organization created in 1986 to provide a stimulus and forum for collecting, exchanging, and analyzing research information related to the development of technology for the petroleum industry and also to provide a mechanism for establishing joint research projects in that field. Additional information on PERF can be accessed at http://www.perf.org. The water program review was so successful that both DOE and PERF agreed that a second program review would be useful -- this time on air research and issues. Argonne coordinated the air program review, which was held in Annapolis, Maryland, on August 22 and 23, 2007. This report summarizes the presentations and related discussions that were part of the air program review. The full agenda for the program review is included as Appendix A.

Veil, J. A.; Schmalzer, D. K.; Leath, P. P.

2007-10-24

39

Expert initial review of Columbia River Basin salmonid management models: Summary report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Over the past years, several fish passage models have been developed to examine the downstream survival of salmon during their annual migration through the Columbia River reservoir system to below Bonneville Dam. More recently, models have been created to simulate the survival of salmon throughout the entire life cycle. The models are used by various regional agencies and native American tribes to assess impacts of dam operation, harvesting, and predation on salmonid abundance. These models are now also being used to assess extinction probabilities and evaluate restoration alternatives for threatened and endangered salmonid stocks. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) coordinated an initial evaluation of the principal models by a panel of outside, expert reviewers. None of the models were unequivocally endorsed by any reviewer. Significant strengths and weaknesses were noted for each with respect to reasonability of assumptions and equations, adequacy of documentation, adequacy of supporting data, and calibration procedures. Although the models reviewed differ in some important respects, all reflect a common conceptual basis in classical population dynamic theory and a common empirical basis consisting of the available time series of salmonid stock data, hydrographic records, experimental studies of dam passage parameters, and measurements of reservoir mortality. The results of this initial review are not to be construed as a comprehensive scientific peer review of existing Columbia River Basin (CRB) salmon population models and data. The peer review process can be enhanced further by a dynamic exchange regional modelers and scientific panel experts involving interaction and feedback

40

Technical Letter Report: Evaluation and Analysis of a Few International Periodic Safety Review Summary Reports  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the request of the United States (U.S.) government, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) assembled a team of 20 senior safety experts to review the regulatory framework for the safety of operating nuclear power plants in the United States. This review focused on the effectiveness of the regulatory functions implemented by the NRC and on its commitment to nuclear safety and continuous improvement. One suggestion resulting from that review was that the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) incorporate lessons learned from periodic safety reviews (PSRs) performed in other countries as an input to the NRC's assessment processes. In the U.S., commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs) are granted an initial 40-year operating license, which may be renewed for additional 20-year periods, subject to complying with regulatory requirements. The NRC has established a framework through its inspection, and operational experience processes to ensure the safe operation of licensed nuclear facilities on an ongoing basis. In contrast, most other countries do not impose a specific time limit on the operating licenses for NPPs, they instead require that the utility operating the plant perform PSRs, typically at approximately 10-year intervals, to assure continued safe operation until the next assessment. The staff contracted with Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to perform a pilot review of selected translated PSR assessment reports and related documentation from foreign nuclear regulatory authorities to identify any potential new regulatory insights regarding license renewal-related topics and NPP operating experience (OpE). A total of 14 PSR assessment documents from 9 countries were reviewed. For all of the countries except France, individual reports were provided for each of the plants reviewed. In the case of France, three reports were provided that reviewed the performance assessment of thirty-four 900-MWe reactors of similar design commissioned between 1978 and 1988. All of the reports reviewed were the regulator's assessment of the PSR findings rather than the original PSR report, and all but one were English translations from the original language. In these reviews, it was found that most of the countries base their regulatory guidance to some extent (and often to a large extent) on U.S. design codes and standards, NRC regulatory guidance, and U.S. industry guidance. In addition, many of the observed operational technical issues and OpE events reported for U.S. reactors are also cited in the PSR reports. The PSR reports also identified a number of potential technical material/component performance issues and OpE events that are not commonly reported for U.S. plants

 
 
 
 
41

Technical Letter Report: Evaluation and Analysis of a Few International Periodic Safety Review Summary Reports  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the request of the United States (U.S.) government, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) assembled a team of 20 senior safety experts to review the regulatory framework for the safety of operating nuclear power plants in the United States. This review focused on the effectiveness of the regulatory functions implemented by the NRC and on its commitment to nuclear safety and continuous improvement. One suggestion resulting from that review was that the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) incorporate lessons learned from periodic safety reviews (PSRs) performed in other countries as an input to the NRC’s assessment processes. In the U.S., commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs) are granted an initial 40-year operating license, which may be renewed for additional 20-year periods, subject to complying with regulatory requirements. The NRC has established a framework through its inspection, and operational experience processes to ensure the safe operation of licensed nuclear facilities on an ongoing basis. In contrast, most other countries do not impose a specific time limit on the operating licenses for NPPs, they instead require that the utility operating the plant perform PSRs, typically at approximately 10-year intervals, to assure continued safe operation until the next assessment. The staff contracted with Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to perform a pilot review of selected translated PSR assessment reports and related documentation from foreign nuclear regulatory authorities to identify any potential new regulatory insights regarding license renewal-related topics and NPP operating experience (OpE). A total of 14 PSR assessment documents from 9 countries were reviewed. For all of the countries except France, individual reports were provided for each of the plants reviewed. In the case of France, three reports were provided that reviewed the performance assessment of thirty-four 900-MWe reactors of similar design commissioned between 1978 and 1988. All of the reports reviewed were the regulator’s assessment of the PSR findings rather than the original PSR report, and all but one were English translations from the original language. In these reviews, it was found that most of the countries base their regulatory guidance to some extent (and often to a large extent) on U.S. design codes and standards, NRC regulatory guidance, and U.S. industry guidance. In addition, many of the observed operational technical issues and OpE events reported for U.S. reactors are also cited in the PSR reports. The PSR reports also identified a number of potential technical material/component performance issues and OpE events that are not commonly reported for U.S. plants.

Chopra, Omesh K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Science Division; Diercks, Dwight R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Nuclear Engineering Division; Ma, David Chia-Chiun [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Science Division; Garud, Yogendra S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Science Division

2013-12-17

42

Near-term electric-vehicle program. Phase II. Mid-term review summary report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The general objective of the Near-Term Electric Vehicle Program is to confirm that, in fact, the complete spectrum of requirements placed on the automobile (e.g., safety, producibility, utility, etc.) can still be satisfied if electric power train concepts are incorporated in lieu of contemporary power train concepts, and that the resultant set of vehicle characteristics are mutually compatible, technologically achievable, and economically achievable. The focus of the approach to meeting this general objective involves the design, development, and fabrication of complete electric vehicles incorporating, where necessary, extensive technological advancements. A mid-term summary is presented of Phase II which is a continuation of the preliminary design study conducted in Phase I of the program. Information is included on vehicle performance and performance simulation models; battery subsystems; control equipment; power systems; vehicle design and components for suspension, steering, and braking; scale model testing; structural analysis; and vehicle dynamics analysis. (LCL)

1978-07-27

43

Third-generation and investigational cephalosporins: II. Microbiologic review and clinical summaries.  

Science.gov (United States)

In vitro susceptibility of Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, Hemophilus influenzae, Bacteroides fragilis, and Neisseria gonorrhea to three new second-generation and eight third-generation cephalosporins is tabulated. In general, the newer cephalosporins have an extended spectrum of activity against gram-negative bacteria, including Serratia marcescens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Neisseria gonorrhea. They also tend to be active against anaerobes, including Bacteroides fragilis. However, they generally have less activity against gram-positive bacteria when compared with the first- and second-generation cephalosporins. Clinical summaries are given for each of the cephalosporins, with emphasis on the results of comparative clinical trials. These cephalosporins may prove especially useful in nosocomial infections with resistant organisms, intraabdominal infections, febrile episodes in the granulocytopenic patient, and meningitis. PMID:6311502

Garzone, P; Lyon, J; Yu, V L

1983-09-01

44

A review of safety, quality management, and practice guidelines for high-dose-rate brachytherapy: executive summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

This white paper was commissioned by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Board of Directors to evaluate the status of safety and practice guidance for high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy. Given the maturity of HDR brachytherapy technology, this white paper considers, from a safety point of view, the adequacy of general physics and quality assurance guidance, as well as clinical guidance documents available for the most common treatment sites. The rate of medical events in HDR brachytherapy procedures in the United States in 2009 and 2010 was 0.02%, corresponding to 5-sigma performance. The events were not due to lack of guidance documents but failures to follow those recommendations or human failures in the performance of tasks. The white paper summarized by this Executive Summary reviews current guidance documents and offers recommendations regarding their application to delivery of HDR brachytherapy. It also suggests topics where additional research and guidance is needed. PMID:24890345

Thomadsen, Bruce R; Erickson, Beth A; Eifel, Patricia J; Hsu, I-Chow; Patel, Rakesh R; Petereit, Daniel G; Fraass, Benedick A; Rivard, Mark J

2014-01-01

45

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRIMARY TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS AND CERVICAL SPINE DYSFUNCTION: A Summary and Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The co-existence of primary temporomandibular disorders and cervical spine dysfunction is well documented. This paper reviews the anatomy and function of the temporomandibular joint and its primary disorders with particular reference to their possible effects an the cervical spine.

Reggars, John W.

1994-01-01

46

Advanced Simulation and Computing: A Summary Report to the Director's Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It has now been three years since the Advanced Simulation and Computing Program (ASCI), as managed by Defense and Nuclear Technologies (DNT) Directorate, has been reviewed by this Director's Review Committee (DRC). Since that time, there has been considerable progress for all components of the ASCI Program, and these developments will be highlighted in this document and in the presentations planned for June 9 and 10, 2003. There have also been some name changes. Today, the Program is called ''Advanced Simulation and Computing,'' Although it retains the familiar acronym ASCI, the initiative nature of the effort has given way to sustained services as an integral part of the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP). All computing efforts at LLNL and the other two Defense Program (DP) laboratories are funded and managed under ASCI. This includes the so-called legacy codes, which remain essential tools in stockpile stewardship. The contract between the Department of Energy (DOE) and the University of California (UC) specifies an independent appraisal of Directorate technical work and programmatic management. Such represents the work of this DNT Review Committee. Beginning this year, the Laboratory is implementing a new review system. This process was negotiated between UC, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), and the Laboratory Directors. Central to this approach are eight performance objectives that focus on key programmatic and administrative goals. Associated with each of these objectives are a number of performance measures to more clearly characterize the attainment of the objectives. Each performance measure has a lead directorate and one or more contributing directorates. Each measure has an evaluation plan and has identified expected documentation to be included in the ''Assessment File''.

McCoy, M G; Peck, T

2003-06-01

47

Summary of literature review of risk communication: Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project will estimate radiation exposures people may have received from radioactive materials released during past operations at the Department of Energy's Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. The project is being conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) under the direction of an independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP). The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) will use HEDR dose estimates in studies to investigate a potential link between thyroid disease and historical Hanford emissions. The HEDR Project was initiated to address public concerns about the possible health impacts from past releases of radioactive materials from Hanford. The TSP recognized early in the project that special mechanisms would be required to communicate effectively to the many different concerned audiences. To identify and develop these mechanisms, the TSP issued Directive 89-7 to PNL in May 1989. The TSP directed PNL to examine methods to communicate the causes and effects of uncertainties in the dose estimates. A literature review was conducted as the first activity in response to the TSP's directive. This report presents the results of the literature review. The objective of the literature review was to identify key principles'' that could be applied to develop communications strategies for the project. 26 refs., 6 figs.

Byram, S.J.

1991-05-01

48

Effective and evidence-based management strategies for rosacea: summary of a Cochrane systematic review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rosacea is a common chronic skin disease affecting the face. There are numerous treatment options, but it is unclear which are the most effective. The aim of this review was to assess the evidence for the efficacy and safety of treatments for rosacea. Searches included the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index, and Ongoing Trials Registers (updated February 2011). Randomized controlled trials in people with moderate to severe rosacea were included. Fifty-eight trials, including 27 from the original review, comprising 6633 participants were included in this updated review. Interventions included topical metronidazole, oral antibiotics, topical azelaic cream or gel, topical benzoyl peroxide and/or combined with topical antibiotics, sulphacetamide/sulphur, and others. There was some evidence that topical metronidazole and azelaic acid were more effective than placebo. Two trials indicated that doxycycline 40mg was more effective than placebo. There was no statistically significant difference in effectiveness between doxycycline 40mg and 100mg but there were fewer adverse effects. One study reported that ciclosporin ophthalmic emulsion was significantly more effective than artificial tears for treating ocular rosacea. Although the majority of included studies were assessed as being at high or unclear risk of bias, there was some evidence to support the effectiveness of topical metronidazole, azelaic acid and doxycycline (40mg) in the treatment of moderate to severe rosacea, and ciclosporin 0·05% ophthalmic emulsion for ocular rosacea. Further well-designed, adequately powered randomized controlled trials are required. PMID:21692773

van Zuuren, E J; Kramer, S F; Carter, B R; Graber, M A; Fedorowicz, Z

2011-10-01

49

Periodical safety review of the Goesgen-Daeniken nuclear power plant. Summary, results and evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Goesgen nuclear power plant (KKG) received its operational licence on September 9, 1978. The operational start-up of the plant went on into the year 1979, but there was a short interruption because of the accident in the Three Mile Island reactor on March 28, 1979. In May 1985 KKG submitted a request for raising the thermal reactor power from the then 2808 MW to 3002 MW. Based on the examination by the Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK), the Swiss Federal Council granted the licence in two steps: in December 1985 for raising the thermal power to 2900 MW, and, in April 1992, to 3002 MW. The licence for the second step was given under the condition that some more experience was to be gained concerning the fuel rod cladding under higher loading. As part of the yearly re-licensing on restart after fuel assembly reloading, HSK confirmed that the plant status conformed to the legal requirements. In November 1986, HSK asked all Swiss nuclear power plant managers to state their opinions on proposed measures concerning severe accidents. Some of the measures were already in discussion; the Chernobyl accident on April 26, 1986, accelerated their implementation and was also a reason for the introduction of the measures against severe accidents. In this context, KKG carried out a risk study which led to the installation of a filtered pressure release system for the containment. Another consequence of the Chernobyl accident was the introduction of technical Periodical Safety Reviews (PSR) for all operating nuclear power plants. Central points of the PSR are: a) comparison with the continuously improving state-of-the-art of science and technology concerning safety precautions; b) a systematic evaluation of operating experience and plant status; c) the taking into account of probabilistic safety analyses in the overall evaluation of the plant. Within the framework of the examination of the overall plant, HSK also checks how its requirements concerning plant safety and radiation protection are taken into account. Even if the plant manager considers the guarantee of plant safety as his duty, an overall investigation by the authorities makes sense because it also looks into rare accident scenarios for which there are, of course, no actual working experience and which can only be considered within the framework of extended plant examinations. The PSRs on the Swiss nuclear power plants therefore complement the continuous control activities of the HSK; they are carried out about every 10 years. For KKG the PSR process was initiated by a letter from the HSK in February 1994. The areas to be considered were: a) examination of design and fulfilment of technical safety systems and comparison with the actual state-of-the-art of science and technology; b) evaluation of operational experience; c) review of the technical precautions against severe accidents including the preparation of emergency measures; d) review of the emergency organisation; e) examination of the plant protection against radioactivity; f) future dismantling at the end of operational life and disposal of the radioactive wastes; g) evaluation of accident analyses and of the KKG probabilistic safety analysis; h) review of plant organisation and plant management. The examination confirmed that, at KKG, there are very many technical safety precautions. KKG operational experience is good, the results show a high degree of operational availability and a very low number of incidental shut-downs. In international comparison the collective doses of the staff are low and the release of radioactive materials to the environment is negligible; on this account KKG is one of the world's best plants operating pressurised water reactors. Up to now the examinations have not brought any ageing deterioration to light concerning the status of safety-relevant components or ducts

50

A surveillance summary of smoking and review of tobacco control in Jordan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract The burden of smoking-related diseases in Jordan is increasingly evident. During 2006, chronic, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs accounted for more than 50% of all deaths in Jordan. With this evidence in hand, we highlight the prevalence of smoking in Jordan among youth and adults and briefly review legislation that governs tobacco control in Jordan. The prevalence of smoking in Jordan remains unacceptably high with smoking and use of tobacco prevalences ranging from 15% to 30% among students aged 13-15 years and a current smoking prevalence near 50% among men. Opportunities exist to further reduce smoking among both youth and adults; however, combating tobacco use in Jordan will require partnerships and long-term commitments between both private and public institutions as well as within local communities.

Brown David W

2009-12-01

51

A surveillance summary of smoking and review of tobacco control in Jordan.  

Science.gov (United States)

The burden of smoking-related diseases in Jordan is increasingly evident. During 2006, chronic, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for more than 50% of all deaths in Jordan. With this evidence in hand, we highlight the prevalence of smoking in Jordan among youth and adults and briefly review legislation that governs tobacco control in Jordan. The prevalence of smoking in Jordan remains unacceptably high with smoking and use of tobacco prevalences ranging from 15% to 30% among students aged 13-15 years and a current smoking prevalence near 50% among men. Opportunities exist to further reduce smoking among both youth and adults; however, combating tobacco use in Jordan will require partnerships and long-term commitments between both private and public institutions as well as within local communities. PMID:19951428

Belbeisi, Adel; Al Nsour, Mohannad; Batieha, Anwar; Brown, David W; Walke, Henry T

2009-01-01

52

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A team of electric utility representatives (Utility Review Team) conducted an in-depth independent evaluation of the modular high temperature gas reactor (MHTGR) design. The emphasis of the review was on the fuel design with respect to safety objectives, the licensability of the proposed containment concept, refueling operations and equipment, spent fuel storage capacity, staffing projections, and the economic competitiveness compared to contemporaneous designs. This review, at the request of Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), addressed the main issues raised in an earlier report titled Utility Industry Evaluation of the Modular High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor. In each of the assigned topics, the Utility Review Team considered the MHTGR's strengths and weaknesses, the prospects for successful licensing, the prospects for utility acceptance and deployment, and the current research and development programs in support of MHTGR design and licensing activities. This section provides a summary of the main conclusions and recommendations that are explained in more detail in the subsequent sections

53

SKI's and SSI's joint review of SKB's safety assessment report, SR 97. Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) has a programme for the siting of a repository for spent nuclear fuel in Swedish bedrock. In 1996, the Swedish Government decided that SKB must perform an assessment of the repository's long-term safety before undertaking the next step of the programme which entails drilling in a minimum of two municipalities (site investigations). SKB has presented such a safety assessment in SR 97 Post-closure Safety (henceforth referred to as SR 97). SR 97 is one of the documents in the comprehensive reporting that SKB must provide when it proposes sites for investigation. The Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) and the Swedish Radiation Protection Institute (SSI) have evaluated SR 97 in terms of its purposes which are to demonstrate a methodology for safety assessment, to show that Swedish bedrock can provide a safe repository using SKB's method, to provide a basis for specifying the factors that are important for site selection and to derive preliminary requirements on the function of the engineered barriers. The authorities have reached the following conclusions: SR 97 does not indicate any conditions that would mean that geological final disposal in accordance with SKB's method would have significant deficiencies in relation to the safety and radiation protection requirements of the authorities. SR 97 contains the elements required for a comprehensive assessment of safety and radiation protection. SKB's safety assessment methodology has improved within several important areas, such as the documentation of processes and properties that can affect repository performance and the development of models for safety assessment calculations. The methodology used in SR 97 has some deficiencies, for example, the specification of future events to be described in the safety assessment. SR 97 has not, to an adequate extent, dealt with unfavourable conditions that can affect the future safety of a repository. SKB states that the results of SR 97 have been applied to formulate requirements and preferences regarding the host rock for a repository. In the authorities' opinion, SR 97 does not include a description of how this has been done. The coupling between safety assessment and site investigation, should be improved. A safety assessment of a repository for spent nuclear fuel will always contain uncertainties and deficiencies in the underlying data. Access to experts who can provide expert judgement is therefore vital. SKB should improve its procedures for obtaining expert judgement. To summarize, the authorities find that parts of the methodology in SR 97 must be further developed and detailed prior to the forthcoming stages of the site selection process. SKB's development of methods for safety assessment is a continuous process that should be conducted throughout all of the stages of the final disposal process. On the basis of the review of SR 97 and previous reviews of SKB's Research, Development and Demonstration programmes the authorities find that the KBS-3 method is an adequate basis for SKB's forthcoming site investigations and for the further development of the engineered barriers. In connection with future reviews of SKB's R, D and D programmes, the authorities intend to present additional views on the reporting that is necessary prior to the different stages of SKB's final disposal programme

54

National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standards Review Panel Workshop Summary Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The importance and need for full compliant implementation of NIMS nationwide was clearly demonstrated during the Hurricane Katrina event, which was clearly expressed in Secretary Chertoff's October 4, 2005 letter addressed to the State's governors. It states, ''Hurricane Katrina was a stark reminder of how critical it is for our nation to approach incident management in a coordinated, consistent, and efficient manner. We must be able to come together, at all levels of government, to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any emergency or disaster. Our operations must be seamless and based on common incident management doctrine, because the challenges we face as a nation are far greater than capabilities of any one jurisdiction.'' The NIMS is a system/architecture for organizing response on a ''national'' level. It incorporations ICS as a main component of that structure (i.e., it institutionalizes ICS in NIMS). In a paper published on the NIMS Website, the following statements were made: ''NIMS represents a core set of doctrine, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient and collaborative incident management at all levels. To provide the framework for interoperability and compatibility, the NIMS is based on a balance between flexibility and standardization.'' Thus the NIC is challenged with the need to adopt quality SDO generated standards to support NIMS compliance, but in doing so maintain the flexibility necessary so that response operations can be tailored for the specific jurisdictional and geographical needs across the nation. In support of this large and complex challenge facing the NIC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was asked to provide technical support to the NIC, through their DHS Science and Technology ? Standards Portfolio Contract, to help identify, review, and develop key standards for NIMS compliance. Upon examining the challenge, the following general process appears to be a reasonable approach for identifying and establishing existing standards that would be applicable to NIMS compliance. The suggested generalized steps to establishing existing SDO generated standards for NIMS compliance are: (1) establish search criteria from the NIMS and its support documents, (2) search SDO databases to identify key existing nationally and/or internationally recognized standards that have potential application to NIMS compliance needs, (3) review the identified standards against the specific component needs of the NIMS, (4) identify the pertinent aspects/components of those identified standards that clearly address specific NIMS compliance needs, (5) establish a process to adopt the pertinent standards, which includes the generation of formalized FEMA Guidance that identifies the specific NIMS component compliance needs addressed in the respective standard, (6) develop performance criteria for which to measure compliance with the identified NIMS components addressed by the respective adopted standard, and (7) adopt the standard, publish the guidance and performance criteria, and incorporate it into routine FEMA/NIC NIMS management operations. This review process will also help identify real gaps in standards for which new NIMS specific standards should be developed. To jump start this process and hopefully identify some key ''low hanging fruit'' standards the NIC could use to begin such a process, a panel of first-responder experts (familiar with the current standards of common use in the first-responder community) from various response disciplines was formed and a workshop held. The workshop included a pre-workshop information gathering process. This report discusses the workshop and its findings in detail.

Stenner, Robert D.; Kirk, Jennifer L.; Stanton, James R.; Shebell, Peter; Schwartz, Deborah S.; Judd, Kathleen S.; Gelston, Gariann M.

2006-02-07

55

Review of potential host rocks for radioactive waste disposal in the southeastern United States. Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The geology of the southeastern United States was studied to recommend areas that should be considered for field exploration in order to select a site for a radioactive waste repository. The region studied included the Piedmont Province, the Triassic Basins, and the Atlantic Coastal Plain in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. This study was entirely a review of literature and existing knowledge from a geotechnical point of view and was performed by subcontractors whose individual reports are listed in the bibliography. No field work was involved. The entire study was geotechnical in nature, and no consideration was given to socioeconomic or demographic factors. These factors need to be addressed in a separate study. For all areas, field study is needed before any area is further considered. A total of 29 areas are recommended for further consideration in the Piedmont Province subregion: one area in Maryland, 8 areas in Virginia, 4 areas in North Carolina, 6 areas in South Carolina, and 10 areas in Georgia. Of the 14 exposed and 5 buried or hypothesized basins identified in the Triassic basin subregion, 6 are recommended for further study: one basin in Virginia, 3 basins in North Carolina, and 2 basins in South Carolina. Four potential candidate areas are identified within the Atlantic Coastal Plain subregion: one in Maryland, one in North Carolina, and 2 in Georgia

56

Review of potential host rocks for radioactive waste disposal in the southeastern United States. Executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The geology of the southeastern United States was studied to recommend areas that should be considered for field exploration in order to select a site for a radioactive waste repository. The region studied included the Piedmont Province, the Triassic Basins, and the Atlantic Coastal Plain in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. This study was entirely a review of literature and existing knowledge from a geotechnical point of view and was performed by subcontractors whose individual reports are listed in the bibliography. No field work was involved. The entire study was geotechnical in nature, and no consideration was given to socioeconomic or demographic factors. These factors need to be addressed in a separate study. For all areas, field study is needed before any area is further considered. A total of 29 areas are recommended for further consideration in the Piedmont Province subregion: one area in Maryland, 8 areas in Virginia, 4 areas in North Carolina, 6 areas in South Carolina, and 10 areas in Georgia. Of the 14 exposed and 5 buried or hypothesized basins identified in the Triassic basin subregion, 6 are recommended for further study: one basin in Virginia, 3 basins in North Carolina, and 2 basins in South Carolina. Four potential candidate areas are identified within the Atlantic Coastal Plain subregion: one in Maryland, one in North Carolina, and 2 in Georgia.

Bledsoe, H.W. Jr.; Marine, I.W.

1980-10-01

57

Summary of the IASCC review meeting 19-20 May 1998  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ninth IASCC review meeting was held in Halden on the 19th and 20th of May 1998. The meeting was attended by 22 participants representing 20 organisations from 12 countries. The objectives of the meeting were to discuss the status of on-going IASCC test programmes and to identify studies of interest for the next three year programme. The status of current investigations, including the IFA 618 crack initiation study, the IFA 612 crack growth demonstration study with irradiated CT specimens and the dry irradiation test programme results were presented. Developmental work being conducted both at Halden and elsewhere was outlined. Other presentations described the status of noble metal addition to the Duane Arnold nuclear power plant and results from studies on the SCC susceptibility of 304 SS irradiated to different fluence levels. A proposal for coating selected specimens in future crack growth studies with ZrO2 was put forward. New tests, to be performed in BWR environments and later, in both BWR and PWR environments, were recommended by meeting participants. It was proposed that the new investigations all be performed with irradiated materials in the form of CT specimens and that the main objective of the tests be to obtain reliable crack growth rate data on irradiated 304, 316 and 347 SS at reasonable K levels (< 20 MPa?m). The report consists largely of attachments with figures from overheads

58

Review of thermally regenerative electrochemical systems. Volume I. Synopsis and executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Thermally regenerative electrochemical systems (TRES) are closed systems that convert heat into electricity in an electrochemical heat engine that is Carnot cycle limited in efficiency. Past and present work on such systems is reviewed. Two broad classes of TRES are based on the types of energy inputs required for regeneration: thermal alone and coupled thermal and electrolytic. The thermal regeneration alone encompasses electrochemical systems (galvanic or fuel cells) in which one or more products are formed. The regeneration can be performed in single or multiple steps. The compounds include metal hydrides, halides, oxides, chalcogenides, and alloys or bimetallic systems. The coupled thermal and electrolytic regeneration encompasses electrochemical systems (galvanic or fuel cells) regenerated by electrolysis at a different temperature or different pressure. Examples include metal halides and water. Thermogalvanic or nonisothermal cells are included in this category. Also included are electrochemical engines in which the working electroactive fluid is isothermally expanded through an electrolyte. TRES cover temperature ranges from about 20/sup 0/C to 1000/sup 0/C. Engines with power outputs of 0.1 mW/cm/sup 2/ to 1 W/cm/sup 2/ have been demonstrated. Recommendations are made of areas of research in science and engineering that would have long-range benefit to a TRES program.

Chum, H. L.; Osteryoung, R. A.

1980-08-01

59

Effectiveness of music therapy: a summary of systematic reviews based on randomized controlled trials of music interventions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hiroharu Kamioka,1 Kiichiro Tsutani,2 Minoru Yamada,3 Hyuntae Park,4 Hiroyasu Okuizumi,5 Koki Tsuruoka,6 Takuya Honda,7 Shinpei Okada,8 Sang-Jun Park,8 Jun Kitayuguchi,9 Takafumi Abe,9 Shuichi Handa,5 Takuya Oshio,10 Yoshiteru Mutoh111Faculty of Regional Environment Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan; 2Department of Drug Policy and Management, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; 3Kyoto University Graduate School Research, Kyoto, Japan; 4Department of Functioning Activation, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi, Japan; 5Mimaki Onsen (Spa Clinic, Tomi, Nagano, Japan; 6Graduate School of Social Services, Japan College of Social Work, Tokyo, Japan; 7Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan; 8Physical Education and Medicine Research Foundation, Tomi, Nagano, Japan; 9Physical Education and Medicine Research Center Unnan, Shimane, Japan; 10Social Welfare Service Corporation CARE-PORT MIMAKI, Tomi, Nagano, Japan; 11The Research Institute of Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, JapanObjective: The objective of this review was to summarize evidence for the effectiveness of music therapy (MT and to assess the quality of systematic reviews (SRs based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs.Study design: An SR of SRs based on RCTs.Methods: Studies were eligible if they were RCTs. Studies included were those with at least one treatment group in which MT was applied. We searched the following databases from 1995 to October 1, 2012: MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, Global Health Library, and Ichushi-Web. We also searched all Cochrane Database and Campbell Systematic Reviews up to October 1, 2012. Based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, we identified a disease targeted for each article.Results: Twenty-one studies met all inclusion criteria. This study included 16 Cochrane reviews. As a whole, the quality of the articles was very good. Eight studies were about "Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-99"; there were two studies on "Diseases of the nervous system (G00-99" and "Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-99"; and there was one study each for "Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-90", "Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-99", and "Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O60". MT treatment improved the following: global and social functioning in schizophrenia and/or serious mental disorders, gait and related activities in Parkinson's disease, depressive symptoms, and sleep quality.Conclusion: This comprehensive summary of SRs demonstrated that MT treatment improved the following: global and social functioning in schizophrenia and/or serious mental disorders, gait and related activities in Parkinson's disease, depressive symptoms, and sleep quality. MT may have the potential for improving other diseases, but there is not enough evidence at present. Most importantly, no specific adverse effect or harmful phenomenon occurred in any of the studies, and MT was well tolerated by almost all patients.Keywords: ICD-10, schizophrenia, mental disorders, Parkinson's disease, depression, sleep

Kamioka H

2014-05-01

60

Executive summary of major NuMI lessons learned: a review of relevant meetings of Fermilab's DUSEL Beamline Working Group  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have gained tremendous experience with the NuMI Project on what was a new level of neutrino beams from a high power proton source. We expect to build on that experience for any new long baseline neutrino beam. In particular, we have learned about some things which have worked well and/or where the experience is fairly directly applicable to the next project (e.g., similar civil construction issues including: tunneling, service buildings, outfitting, and potential claims/legal issues). Some things might be done very differently (e.g., decay pipe, windows, target, beam dump, and precision of power supply control/monitoring). The NuMI experience does lead to identification of critical items for any future such project, and what issues it will be important to address. The DUSEL Beamline Working Group established at Fermilab has been meeting weekly to collect and discuss information from that NuMI experience. This document attempts to assemble much of that information in one place. In this Executive Summary, we group relevant discussion of some of the major issues and lessons learned under seven categories: (1) Differences Between the NuMI Project and Any Next Project; (2) The Process of Starting Up the Project; (3) Decision and Review Processes; (4) ES and H: Environment, Safety, and Health; (5) Local Community Buy-In; (6) Transition from Project Status to Operation; and (7) Some Lessons on Technical Elements. We concentrate here on internal project management issues, re on internal project management issues, including technical areas that require special attention. We cannot ignore, however, two major external management problems that plagued the NuMI project. The first problem was the top-down imposition of an unrealistic combination of scope, cost, and schedule. This situation was partially corrected by a rebaselining. However, the full, desirable scope was never achievable. The second problem was a crippling shortage of resources. Critical early design work could not be done in a timely fashion, leading to schedule delays, inefficiencies, and corrective actions. The Working Group discussions emphasized that early planning and up-front appreciation of the problems ahead are very important for minimizing the cost and for the greatest success of any such project. Perhaps part of the project approval process should re-enforce this need. The cost of all this up-front work is now reflected in the DOE cost of any project we do. If we are being held to an upper limit on the project cost, the only thing available for compromise is the eventual project scope

 
 
 
 
61

Appraisal of the methodological quality and summary of the findings of systematic reviews on the relationship between SSRIs and suicidality  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Several systematic reviews have been published about the relationship of the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and risk of suicidal ideation or behavior but there has been no formal assessment of the quality of these reports. Aim Assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews about the relationship of SSRI use and suicidal ideation and behavior; and provide overall conclusions based on this assessment. Methods Systematic reviews of RCTs that compared SSRIs to placebo and used suicidal ideation or behavior as a key outcome variable were identified by searching Pubmed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, EBSCO, PsycINFO, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, WANFANG DATA, and the Chinese Biological Medical Literature Database. The methodological quality of included reviews was independently assessed by two expert raters using the 11-item Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) scale. Results Twelve systematic reviews and meta-analyses were identified. The inter-rater reliability of the overall AMSTAR quality score was excellent (ICC=0.86) but the inter-rater reliability of 5 of the 11 AMSTAR items was poor (Kappa <0.60). Based on the AMSTAR total score, there was one high-quality review, eight moderate-quality reviews, and three low-quality reviews. The high-quality review and three of the moderate-quality reviews reported a significantly increased risk of suicidal ideation or behavior in the SSRI group compared to the placebo group. Three of the four reviews limited to children and adolescents found a significantly increased risk of suicidal ideation or behavior with SSRI use which was most evident in teenagers taking paroxetine and in teenagers with depressive disorders. Conclusions The available evidence suggests that adolescents may experience an increase in suicidal ideation and behavior with SSRI use, particularly those who have a depressive disorder and those treated with paroxetine. However, there are few high-quality reviews on this issue, so some doubt about the evidence remains. The AMSTAR scale may be useful in the ongoing efforts to improve the quality of systematic reviews, but further work is needed on tightening the operational criteria for some of the items in the scale. PMID:25477718

LI, Wei; LI, Wei; WAN, Yumei; REN, Juanjuan; LI, Ting; LI, Chunbo

2014-01-01

62

RELAP5/MOD3 code manual: Summaries and reviews of independent code assessment reports. Volume 7, Revision 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Summaries of RELAP5/MOD3 code assessments, a listing of the assessment matrix, and a chronology of the various versions of the code are given. Results from these code assessments have been used to formulate a compilation of some of the strengths and weaknesses of the code. These results are documented in the report. Volume 7 was designed to be updated periodically and to include the results of the latest code assessments as they become available. Consequently, users of Volume 7 should ensure that they have the latest revision available

63

RELAP5/MOD3 code manual: Summaries and reviews of independent code assessment reports. Volume 7, Revision 1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Summaries of RELAP5/MOD3 code assessments, a listing of the assessment matrix, and a chronology of the various versions of the code are given. Results from these code assessments have been used to formulate a compilation of some of the strengths and weaknesses of the code. These results are documented in the report. Volume 7 was designed to be updated periodically and to include the results of the latest code assessments as they become available. Consequently, users of Volume 7 should ensure that they have the latest revision available.

Moore, R.L.; Sloan, S.M.; Schultz, R.R.; Wilson, G.E. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1996-10-01

64

A systematic review of the role of human papilloma virus (HPV) testing within a cervical screening programme: summary and conclusions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A systematic review of the available evidence on the role of HPV testing in cervical screening has been published by the Health Technology Assessment Committee of the UK Department of Health. The review summarized relevant data on testing methods, natural history, and prevalence of the virus in different disease groups. Cost-effectiveness modelling was undertaken. Ten major conclusions were reached and are reported here. The key conclusions were that HPV testing was more sensitive than cytolo...

Cuzick, J.; Sasieni, P.; Davies, P.; Adams, J.; Normand, C.; Frater, A.; Ballegooijen, M.; Den Akker-van Marle, E.

2000-01-01

65

Peer review panel summary report for technical determination of mixed waste incineration off-gas systems for Rocky Flats  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Peer Review Panel was convened on September 15-17, 1992 in Boulder, Co. The members of this panel included representatives from DOE, EPA, and DOE contractors along with invited experts in the fields of air pollution control and waste incineration. The primary purpose of this review panel was to make a technical determination of a hold, test and release off gas capture system should be implemented in the proposed RF Pland mixed waste incineration system; or if a state of the art continuous air pollution control and monitoring system should be utilized as the sole off-gas control system. All of the evaluations by the panel were based upon the use of the fluidized bed unit proposed by Rocky Flats and cannot be generalized to other systems

66

Investigation of the genetic structure of populations. Third-year summary review, January 1, 1975--December 31, 1975  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This portion of report COO-3149-5 is a ''third year'' review of past accomplishments. Among other research items discussed are the possible structure of gene-control regions, intra- and inter-specific competition, laboratory island biogeography, studies on the utilization of various sugars by different geographic strains of Drosophila melanogaster, and a reassessment of the concepts of hard and soft selection.

Wallace, B.

1975-01-01

67

Dow Syngas Project. Monitoring Review Committee meeting report. Held in Plaquemine, Louisiana on November 28, 1990. Summary report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Energy Security Act of 1980 established a program to provide financial assistance to private industry in the construction and operation of commercial-scale synthetic fuels plants. The Dow Syngas Project design has a high-temperature entrained-flow slagging type gasifier, which began operation in 1987. Dow agreed to comply with existing environmental regulations and to develop an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) incorporating supplemental monitoring in areas of potential environmental and health concern, relative to synthetic fuels facilities. The two phases of monitoring in the EMP will test parameters of interest for air, water and solid waste and for establishing a data base of information useful in resolving environmental uncertainties relative to replication of synthetic fuels plants. Contents: meeting summary; detailed minutes; List of Attachments--(agenda and list of attendees, 1990 operations highlights, 1990 EMP highlights, operational monitoring results, compliance activities, health and safety progress, leak detection monitoring, division safety monitoring, graphs and proposed phase II monitoring, and feedstock flexibility and 1991 EMP activities)

68

VALIDATION OF ANALYTICAL METHODS AND INSTRUMENTATION FOR BERYLLIUM MEASUREMENT: REVIEW AND SUMMARY OF AVAILABLE GUIDES, PROCEDURES, AND PROTOCOLS  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document proposes to provide a listing of available sources which can be used to validate analytical methods and/or instrumentation for beryllium determination. A literature review was conducted of available standard methods and publications used for method validation and/or quality control. A comprehensive listing of the articles, papers, and books reviewed is given in Appendix 1. Available validation documents and guides are listed in the appendix; each has a brief description of application and use. In the referenced sources, there are varying approaches to validation and varying descriptions of validation at different stages in method development. This discussion focuses on validation and verification of fully developed methods and instrumentation that have been offered up for use or approval by other laboratories or official consensus bodies such as ASTM International, the International Standards Organization (ISO) and the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). This review was conducted as part of a collaborative effort to investigate and improve the state of validation for measuring beryllium in the workplace and the environment. Documents and publications from the United States and Europe are included. Unless otherwise specified, all documents were published in English.

Ekechukwu, A.

2008-12-17

69

Crisis Management: Research Summaries  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents summaries of three studies relevant to school crisis response. The first report, "A Framework for International Crisis Intervention" (Sally Dorman), is a review of how existing crisis intervention models (including the NASP PREPaRE model) have been adapted for international use. The second article, "Responding…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Dorman, Sally; Anderson, Luke; McNair, Daniel

2013-01-01

70

VALIDATION OF ANALYTICAL METHODS AND INSTRUMENTATION FOR BERYLLIUM MEASUREMENT: REVIEW AND SUMMARY OF AVAILABLE GUIDES, PROCEDURES, AND PROTOCOLS  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Method validation is the process of evaluating whether an analytical method is acceptable for its intended purpose. For pharmaceutical methods, guidelines from the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH), and the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) provide a framework for performing such valications. In general, methods for regulatory compliance must include studies on specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision, range, detection limit, quantitation limit, and robustness. Elements of these guidelines are readily adapted to the issue of validation for beryllium sampling and analysis. This document provides a listing of available sources which can be used to validate analytical methods and/or instrumentation for beryllium determination. A literature review was conducted of available standard methods and publications used for method validation and/or quality control. A comprehensive listing of the articles, papers and books reviewed is given in the Appendix. Available validation documents and guides are listed therein; each has a brief description of application and use. In the referenced sources, there are varying approches to validation and varying descriptions of the valication process at different stages in method development. This discussion focuses on valication and verification of fully developed methods and instrumentation that have been offered up for use or approval by other laboratories or official consensus bodies such as ASTM International, the International Standards Organization (ISO) and the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). This review was conducted as part of a collaborative effort to investigate and improve the state of validation for measuring beryllium in the workplace and the environment. Documents and publications from the United States and Europe are included. Unless otherwise specified, all referenced documents were published in English.

Ekechukwu, A

2009-05-27

71

Postirradiation Morphea: A Case Report With a Review of the Literature and Summary of the Clinicopathologic Differential Diagnosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

: Postirradiation morphea is a rare complication of radiation therapy which often presents as an erythematous indurated plaque and may be mistaken for recurrent or metastatic carcinoma. Histologic examination is essential for distinguishing postirradiation morphea from malignant processes and from other types of radiation dermatitis and infectious cellulitis. We report a case of postirradiation morphea and review the postirradiation morphea literature. In addition, we summarize the clinical and histopathologic characteristics of the various forms of postirradiation skin disease, including postirradiation morphea; acute, subacute, and chronic radiation dermatitis; and radiation recall dermatitis. PMID:20520527

Morganroth, Pamela A; Dehoratius, Danielle; Curry, Heather; Elenitsas, Rosalie

2013-10-01

72

Literature review of environmental qualification of safety-related electric cables: Summary of past work. Volume 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarizes the findings from a review of published documents dealing with research on the environmental qualification of safety-related electric cables used in nuclear power plants. Simulations of accelerated aging and accident conditions are important considerations in qualifying the cables. Significant research in these two areas has been performed in the US and abroad. The results from studies in France, Germany, and Japan are described in this report. In recent years, the development of methods to monitor the condition of cables has received special attention. Tests involving chemical and physical examination of cable's insulation and jacket materials, and electrical measurements of the insulation properties of cables are discussed. Although there have been significant advances in many areas, there is no single method which can provide the necessary information about the condition of a cable currently in service. However, it is possible that further research may identify a combination of several methods that can adequately characterize the cable's condition

73

Summary of the progress of reactor physics in Japan reviewing the activities related to NEA Committee on Reactor Physics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The progress of fast and thermal reactor physics, fusion neutronics and shielding researches in these twenty years can be clearly recognized in the reviews of reactor physics activities in Japan which had been perpared by the Special Committee on Reactor Physics: the joint committee under Atomic Energy Society of Japan and JAERI. Many topics of those discussed at the NEACRP meetings concerned fast reactor physics. Information exchange on the topics such as adjustment of group cross sections by integral data, central worth discrepancy, sodium void effect and heterogeneous core stimulated the researches in Japan. And achievements in Japan including those in the JAERI Fast Critical Facility FCA were reported and contributed largely to the international co-operation. In addition, the contribution from Japan was also made concerning a study of fusion blanket. Among various specialists' meetings recommended by NEACRP, those on nuclear data and benchmarks for reactor shielding were often held since 1973 and helpful to the progress of shielding researches in Japan. The Third Specialists' Meeting on Reactor Noise (SMORN-III) was held in Tokyo in 1981, indicating the recent progress in safety-related applications of reactor noise analysis. The NEACRP benchmark tests were quite useful to the progress of reactor physics in Japan, which included the benchmark calculations of BWR lattice cell, key parameters and burn-up characteristics of a large LMFBR, FBR and PWR shielding, and so on. It may be noted that the benchmark test on reactor noise analysis methods was successfully conducted by Japan in connection with SMORN-III. In addition, the co-operation was positively made to the compilation of light water lattice data, and the preparation of reviews on actinide production and burn-up, and blanket physics. (J.P.N.)

74

Meeting summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This section is comprised of informal summaries of the papers presented in each session of the Specialists' Meeting. These summaries were prepared by rapporteurs for each session and, consequently, reflect their assessment and interpretation of the presentations the day the papers were delivered. Session I. CSNI project FALSIRE: The objective of the FALSIRE project was to evaluate present fracture prediction capabilities through interpretative analysis of selected large scale fracture experiments. Six experiments with different material properties were analyzed to examine various aspects of crack growth under mainly pressurized-thermal-shock loading conditions. Besides the PTSE-2A/B test which showed multiple crack events, the other tests showed only stable crack extension in a range of 1 to 6 percent of the initial crack depth. The initial crack depth in these experiments had an a/W ratio that ranged between 0.1 to 0.54. Thirty-nine analyses were performed, giving this exercise a truly international picture. The methods applied did include various engineering estimation schemes as well as extensive finite-element calculations. Following a workshop in Boston two years ago, more extensive comparisons and detective work to clarify discrepancies have been performed and presented. Session II. Large-scale experiments and applications: This session focused primarily on two technical areas: (1) evaluation and analyses of large scale PTS thermal shock tests with particular rePTS thermal shock tests with particular regard to flaw geometry effects and; (2) use of fracture mechanics estimation schemes for defect assessments in reactor pressure vessels. Session III. Assessment of fracture mechanics analysis methods: This session dealt with the development of methods to predict fracture behavior in structural components and the actual application of some of these methods. The consensus among presenters was that traditional approaches to fracture characterization may not be adequate to predict fracture in complex geometries. Session IV. Large-scale plate experiments and analyses: 6 papers were presented describing a program, reviewing the knowledge gained or some experiment and analyses in progress. Session V. Fracture modeling and transferability: 7 papers were presented about this topic. Session VI. Large-scale piping experiments and analyses: The papers presented in this session appear to indicate that JR-curves derived from C(T) specimens may not be conservative when applied to actual piping systems containing circumferential cracks. It appears that: C(T) specimens over-predict the JR-curves for thin-walled pipes with circumferential through-wall cracks, cyclic loading appears to reduce the apparent toughness of austenitic materials, and confirms that crack growth rates are strongly dependent on the size of flaws. It appears that the cyclic effects cause damage in the local region of the crack tip and this may change the constraint conditions at the crack tip. Under cyclic loading, the crack extends in increments (of either stable tearing or crack jumps) which position the crack tip once again in a region of undamaged material. In spite of these potential non-conservatisms it appears that initiation of flaws can be reasonably predicted and that nuclear grade piping is extremely tough and that the only apparent way to obtain double ended guillotine ruptures is through repeated application of large bending loads to progressively tear the pipe into two pieces

75

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This executive summary presents the main topics of the workshop on Debris on Emergency Coolant Recirculation, which was held from 25 to 27 February 2004 in Albuquerque. The background of the workshop, the specific purposes of the workshop are detailed, as the scope and technical content and the attendance. This summary provides also a presentation of the main findings and recommendations on future research programs. (A.L.B.)

76

Program summary report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report provides summary information on all phases of nuclear regulation, and is intended as an information and decision-making tool for mid and upper level management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The report is divided functionally into ten sections: (1) nuclear power plants in the United States; (2) operating nuclear power plants; (3) reactors under construction; (4) operating license applications under NRC review; (5) construction permit applications and special projects under NRC review; (6) ACRS and ASLBP; (7) nuclear materials; (8) standards and regulations; (9) research projects; and (10) foreign reactors

77

Review, discussion, and summary: toxicology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The research presented in the toxicology session of the Symposium on the Health Effects of Acid Aerosols significantly advances our understanding of the health effects of acid aerosols and clearly illustrates the importance of animal inhalation toxicology to risk assessment. The description of the effects of acid on airway mucus buffering capacity and viscosity helps explain some of the mechanisms responsible for the effects of sulfuric acid on mucociliary clearance and pulmonary function observed in man and animals. Several of the papers illustrate that other pollutants interact with sulfuric acid (H2SO4), causing concern about exposure risks and helping in elucidating the effects observed in epidemiology studies that have not yet been duplicated in a laboratory. For example, H2SO4 absorbed in zinc oxide (ZnO) particles appears to be about a log more potent than H2SO4 alone in causing pulmonary function decrements. Low levels of H2SO4 and O3 were found to be synergistic in increasing collagen synthesis, implying a risk in development of lung fibrosis. More complex mixtures containing H2SO4 cause a variety of interactions, depending upon the end points examined and the chemistry of the mixture. Other reports indicate that dose rate and length of exposure issues are critical to toxicological outcomes. Animal data on mucociliary clearance, which parallels that of human data, was extended to show that concentration of exposure was more important than time of exposure in eliciting a response, although time played a significant role. A recent chronic study showed that H2SO4 caused effects that also can occur in the development of chronic bronchitis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2707198

Graham, J A

1989-02-01

78

Conference summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume contains conference summaries of the international conference on radioactive waste management of the Canadian Nuclear Society. Topics of discussion include: storage and disposal; hydrogeology and geochemistry; transportation; buffers and backfill; public attitudes; tailings; site investigations and geomechanics; concrete; economics; licensing; matrix materials and container design; durability of fuel; biosphere modelling; radioactive waste processing; and, future options

79

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This workshop on transparency of Nuclear Regulatory Activities was held from 22 to 24 May 2007, in Tokyo and Tokai-Mura, Japan. This executive summary presents the workshop attendance, background and purpose. It gives the main findings of each sessions: understanding transparency, stakeholders expectations, conditions for ensuring transparency, practices for ensuring transparency and methods for evaluating transparency. (A.L.B.)

80

2009 Annual Summary Report for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada: Review of the Performance Assessments and Composite Analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office performed an annual review of the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site (RWMS) Performance Assessments (PAs) and Composite Analyses (CAs) in fiscal year (FY) 2009. This annual summary report presents data and conclusions from the FY 2009 review, and determines the adequacy of the PAs and CAs. Operational factors (e.g., waste forms and containers, facility design, and waste receipts), closure plans, monitoring results, and research and development (R and D) activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the PAs. Likewise, the environmental restoration activities at the Nevada Test Site relevant to the sources of residual radioactive material that are considered in the CAs, the land-use planning, and the results of the environmental monitoring and R and D activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the CAs.

 
 
 
 
81

2009 Annual Summary Report for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada: Review of the Performance Assessments and Composite Analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office performed an annual review of the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Wate Management Site (RWMS) Performance Assessments (PAs) and Composite Analyses (CAs) in fiscal year (FY) 2009. This annual summary report presents data and conclusions from the FY 2009 review, and determines the adequacy of the PAs and CAs. Operational factors (e.g., waste forms and containers, facility design, and waste receipts), closure plans, monitoring results, and research and development (R&D) activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the PAs. Likewise, the environmental restoration activities at the Nevada Test Site relevant to the sources of residual radioactive material that are considered in the CAs, the land-use planning, and the results of the environmental monitoring and R&D activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the CAs.

NSTec Environmental Management

2010-03-15

82

Conference Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary will begin with short remarks, trying to recall some of the spirit of the presentations of each of the speakers during the first day, with no attempt at detail or completeness, given the need for a 20:1 compression relative to the original talk. The author hopes these idiosyncratic recollections do not infuriate the speakers too much. Since the speakers on the second day presented such interlocking topics, he simply tries to present some sort of consensus report, to which he adds some comments of his own. The two talks preceding this Summary on the final day dealt with the prospects for applications; since he had no chance to attempt to prepare a proper report on these, he says only a few words about those presentations

83

Conference summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume contains summaries of 28 papers presented at the 27. conference of the Canadian Nuclear Association. These papers discuss the general situation of the Canadian nuclear industry and the CANDU reactor; dialogue with the public; the International Atomic Energy Agency; and economic goals and operating lessons. It also contains summaries of 70 papers presented at the 8. conference of the Canadian Nuclear Society, which discuss plant life extension; safety and the environment; reactor physics; thermalhydraulics; risk assessment; the CANDU spacer location and repositioning project; CANDU operations; safety research after Chernobyl; fuel channels; and nuclear technology developments. The individual papers are also available in INIS-mf--13673 (CNA), and INIS-mf--12909 (CNS). (L.L.)

84

Conference summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume contains conference summaries for the 31. annual conference of the Canadian Nuclear Association and the 12. annual conference of the Canadian Nuclear Society. Topics of discussion include: reactor physics; thermalhydraulics; industrial irradiation; computer applications; fuel channel analysis; small reactors; severe accidents; fuel behaviour under accident conditions; reactor components, safety related computer software; nuclear fuel management; fuel behaviour and performance; reactor safety; reactor engineering; nuclear waste management; and, uranium mining and processing

85

Reviews  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Contiene: Busfield, Andrea. Born. Under a Million Shadows. London: Black Swan, 2009 / reviewed by Bill Phillips; Spain’s Long Shadow: The Black Legend, Off-Whiteness, and Anglo-American Empire. María DeGuzmán. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005. Pp. ix + 372 / reviewed by Jenny Heil; The Edgar Allan Poe Review. FALL 2009 VOLUME X, NUMBER 2 / reviewed by Silvia Molina.

Revista alicantina de estudios ingleses

2010-01-01

86

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

On 18 May 2001, the Finnish Parliament ratified the Decision in Principle on the final disposal facility for spent nuclear fuel at Olkiluoto, within the municipality of Eurajoki. The Municipality Council and the government has made positive decisions earlier, at the end of 2000, and in compliance with the Nuclear Energy Act, Parliament's ratification was then required. The decision is valid for the spent fuel generated by the existing Finnish nuclear power plants and means that the construction of the final disposal facility is considered to be in line with the overall good of society. Earlier steps included, amongst others, the approval of the technical project by the Safety Authority. Future steps include construction of an underground rock characterisation facility, ONKALO (2003-2004), and application for separate construction and operating licences for the final disposal facility (from about 2010). How did this political and societal decision come about? The FSC Workshop provided the opportunity to present the history leading up to the Decision in Principle (DiP), and to examine future perspectives with an emphasis on stakeholder involvement. This Executive Summary gives an overview of the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop. It presents, for the most part, a factual account of the individual presentations and of the discussions that took place. It relies importantly on the notes that were taken at the meeting. Most materials are elaboratt the meeting. Most materials are elaborated upon in a fuller way in the texts that the various speakers and session moderators contributed for these proceedings. The structure of the Executive Summary follows the structure of the workshop itself. Complementary to this Summary and also provided with this document, is a NEA Secretariat's perspective aiming to place the results of all discussions, feedback and site visit into an international perspective. (authors)

87

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Expert Group deals with multiple aspects related to the modelling and design of accelerator shield systems including Electron Accelerators, Proton Accelerators, Ion Accelerators, Spallation Sources and the following types of facilities: synchrotron radiation facilities; very high energy radiation facilities; accelerator production of tritium; free electron lasers. The objectives were to promote the exchange of information among scientists in this particular field, to identify areas in which international co-operation could be fruitful, to carry on a programme of work in order to achieve progress in specific priority areas. This document provides a summary of the 25 presentations. (A.L.B.)

88

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

the international Energy Agency (IEA) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) organized this Workshop on energy policy and externalities, on 15-16 november 2001 at Paris, to discuss issues related to assessing external costs of energy using the life cycle analysis approach and investigate the relevance of this process for decision making. The workshop was organized in four sessions and a round table, abstracted in this executive summary: energy policy and externalities an overview on external cost issues, approaches and issues, external costs of Energy/Electricity life cycles, comparative assessments in electricity and transportation, how to use internalization of externalities in policy making. (A.L.B.)

89

Executive summary  

Science.gov (United States)

The Astrotech 21 Optical Systems Technology Workshop was held in Pasadena, California on March 6-8, 1991. The purpose of the workshop was to examine the state of Optical Systems Technology at the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA), and in industry and academia, in view of the potential Astrophysics mission set currently being considered for the late 1990's through the first quarter of the 21st century. The principal result of the workshop is this publication, which contains an assessment of the current state of the technology, and specific technology advances in six critical areas of optics, all necessary for the mission set. The workshop was divided into six panels, each of about a dozen experts in specific fields, representing NASA, industry, and academia. In addition, each panel contained expertise that spanned the spectrum from x-ray to submillimeter wavelengths. This executive summary contains the principal recommendations of each panel. The six technology panels and their chairs were: (1) Wavefront Sensing, Control, and Pointing, Thomas Pitts, Itek Optical Systems, A Division of Litton; (2) Fabrication, Roger Angel, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona; (3) Materials and Structures, Theodore Saito, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; (4) Optical Testing, James Wyant, WYKO Corporation; (5) Optical Systems Integrated Modeling, Robert R. Shannon, Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona; and (6) Advanced Optical Instruments Technology, Michael Shao, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. This Executive Summary contains the principal recommendations of each panel.

Ayon, Juan A.

1992-08-01

90

2008 Annual Summary Report for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada: Review of the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Maintenance Plan for the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site requires an annual review to assess the adequacy of the Performance Assessments (PAs) and Composite Analyses (CAs) for each of the facilities, with the results submitted annually to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters. The Disposal Authorization Statements for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) also require that such reviews be made and that secondary or minor unresolved issues be tracked and addressed as part of the maintenance plan. The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) performed an annual review in fiscal year (FY) 2008 by evaluating operational factors and research results that impact the continuing validity of the PAs and CAs. This annual summary report presents data and conclusions from the FY 2008 review, and determines the adequacy of the PAs and CAs. Operational factors (e.g., waste forms and containers, facility design, and waste receipts), closure plans, monitoring results, and research and development (R&D) activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the PAs. Likewise, the environmental restoration activities at the Nevada Test Site relevant to the sources of residual radioactive material that are considered in the CAs, the land-use planning, and the results of the environmental monitoring and R&D activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the CAs.

NSTec Environmental Management

2009-03-30

91

2008 Annual Summary Report for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada: Review of the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Maintenance Plan for the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site requires an annual review to assess the adequacy of the Performance Assessments (PAs) and Composite Analyses (CAs) for each of the facilities, with the results submitted annually to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters. The Disposal Authorization Statements for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) also require that such reviews be made and that secondary or minor unresolved issues be tracked and addressed as part of the maintenance plan. The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) performed an annual review in fiscal year (FY) 2008 by evaluating operational factors and research results that impact the continuing validity of the PAs and CAs. This annual summary report presents data and conclusions from the FY 2008 review, and determines the adequacy of the PAs and CAs. Operational factors (e.g., waste forms and containers, facility design, and waste receipts), closure plans, monitoring results, and research and development (R and D) activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the PAs. Likewise, the environmental restoration activities at the Nevada Test Site relevant to the sources of residual radioactive material that are considered in the CAs, the land-use planning, and the results of the environmental monitoring and R and D activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the CAs.

92

Microsoft Word - Executive Summary-UWWTD-Final-19-July _3_ _2_.doc  

...DIRECTIVE SENSITIVE AREA REVIEW 2005 Executive Summary Candidate Sensitive Areas for Freshwater...Newcastle Ardmillan Strangford North ii Executive Summary of Sensitive Area Assessment, Urban...The recommendations presented in this summary at Section 10 are made...

93

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This part of the proceedings provides summaries and a presentation of the six sessions. The expert group deals with multiple aspects related to radiation safety, activation and shielding modelling and design of accelerator systems including electron, proton and ion accelerators, spallation sources and the following type of facilities: synchrotron radiation facilities, transmutation sources, accelerator-driven systems, free electron lasers, high power targets and dumps. The main objectives of the SATIF meetings were. - To promote the exchange of information among scientists in this particular field. - To identify areas in which international co-operation could be fruitful. - To carry on a programme of work in order to achieve progress in specific priority areas. - To encourage free access to computer codes sources and cross-section and integral experiments data, and making them available at information centres. (author)

94

Executive Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Each session of the workshop consisted of a number of presentations followed by a panel discussion moderated by the session Chairs. A summary of each session and subsequent discussion that ensued are provided. Session 1: National approaches for long term interim storage facilities. Seven papers were presented during this session by representatives of research institutes in USA (EPRI) and in Norway (IFE), governmental authorities for the nuclear industry in Finland (STUK) and Slovak Republic (UJD), technical support organizations in Germany (GRS) and France (IRSN) and the public company in charge of waste management in Spain (ENRESA). The papers discussed the national policy, the regulatory framework and the current situation for storage of SF and HLW in various European countries (Germany, Spain, Finland, Norway and Slovak Republic). The main activities the EPRI is undertaking to establish the technical bases for extended (long-term) storage and the IRSN's definition of the safety principles and objectives for new storage facilities regarding long-term storage are also discussed. Session 2: Safety requirements, regulatory framework and implementation issues. Eleven papers were presented during this session by representatives from international groups (the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)), representatives of regulatory bodies from the United States (Nuclear Regulatory Commission) and Germany (Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS)), German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), operators from the United Kingdom (Sellafield Limited, UK) and France (EDF), vendors (AREVA), and representatives of TSOs in Germany (TUV and Oko-Institut). Session 3: Technical issues and operational experience, needs for R and D. This session was chaired by Karl Wasinger (AREVA, Germany) and Fumihisa Nagase (JAEA, Japan). Ten papers were presented during this session by representatives of research institutes of Japan (CRIEPI and JNES), Sweden (Studsvik Nuclear AB) and USA (SNL), independent experts acting on behalf of the safety regulatory body of Germany (BAM and TUV), operators from France (AREVA) and Germany (GNS), and of the IAEA. The papers discussed the impact of extending storage periods, operational and licensing experiences in storage facilities, results of experiments, and identified necessary R and D to confirm safety of fuel and cask during the long-term storage. For each session, a summary of each paper is given. This part of the proceedings ends with the General Conclusions and Recommendations derived from the workshop

95

Conference summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A wide range of topics discussed at the conference is reviewed, such as hadronic, semileptonic and rare B decays (boxes and penguins), B lifetime, decays of Z0 bosons, Z0 production from B states and ?, charm and tau decays, B mixing, CP violation and other current physics topics. Also, some advances in instrumentation and measurement techniques are reported. (K.A.). 24 refs., 8 figs

96

Management summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A most pressing problem in many environmental assessments is determining the extent of contamination to the biosphere resulting from a given activity. This could result from the planned or accidental release of a contaminant to the environment and its subsequent transport through air, water, or the food chain. In either case, three critical questions need to be raised in the environmental assessment of the problem: Where are the contaminants; When will they arrive at a specific location; How much of the contaminant will be at the point of uptake. The location of the contaminant is important, since a contaminant isolated from man both now and in the future may represent little hazard, even in rather large quantities. Under other conditions, small amounts of contaminants arriving at critical locations over a short period may involve severe hazard. The problem of location is simplified by concentrating on those places where the contaminants will interface with the biosphere. Applications in evaluating the consequences of ground water contamination are discussed. Environmental consequences or impacts are most effectively and efficiently communicated by: Blending extensive technical results and reducing them to simple summary relationships, i.e., the arrival distributions; focusing on the arrival distributions as the central theme of communication efforts; and determining quantitative consequences or impacts to the biosphere through use of the arrival distributions. Appropriately applied, these principles can reduce a voluminous impact statement on subsurface pollution to a few pages that are directly useful to decision-makers and the public

97

LAND CULTIVATION OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES AND MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES. STATE-OF-THE-ART STUDY. VOLUME I. TECHNICAL SUMMARY AND LITERATURE REVIEW  

Science.gov (United States)

A review of the available literature on land cultivation of industrial wastewater and sludge, and municipal solid waste was conducted. This review was supplemented by field investigations at 10 operating sites, including soil and vegetation analyses. Soil is a natural environment...

98

Summary: Hadron dynamics sessions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Four sessions on Hadron Dynamics were organized at this Workshop. The first topic, QCD Exclusive Reactions and Color Transparency, featured talks by Ralston, Heppelman and Strikman; the second, QCD and Inclusive Reactions had talks by Garvey, Speth and Kisslinger. The third dynamics session, Medium Modification of Elementary Interactions had contributions from Kopeliovich, Alves and Gyulassy; the fourth session Pre-QCD Dynamics and Scattering, had talks by Harris, Myhrer and Brown. An additional joint Spectroscopy/Dynamics session featured talks by Zumbro, Johnson and McClelland. These contributions are reviewed briefly in this summary. Two additional joint sessions between Dynamics and ? physics are reviewed by the organizers of the Eta sessions. In such a brief review there is no way the authors can adequately summarize the details of the physics presented here. As a result, they concentrate only on brief impressionistic sketches of the physics topics discussed and their interrelations. They include no bibliography in this summary, but simply refer to the talks given in more detail in the Workshop proceedings. They focus on topics which were common to several presentations in these sessions. First, nuclear and particle descriptions of phenomena are now clearly converging, in both a qualitative and quantitative sense; they show several examples of this convergence. Second, an important issue in hadron dynamics is the extent to which elementary interactions are modified in nuclei at high energies and/or densities, and they illustrate some of these medium effects. Finally, they focus on those dynamical issues where hadron facilities can make an important, or even a unique, contribution to the knowledge of particle and nuclear physics

99

Annual report and summary financial statement 1990-1991  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 1990-1991 Annual Report for Scottish Hydro-Electric PLC includes their rotating territory in Scotland, details of the Board of Directors, the Chairman's Statement, the chief Executive's Review of Operations, a summary profit and loss account, a summary balance sheet and a summary financial statement. (UK)

100

Annual report and summary financial statement 1991-1992  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 1991-92 Annual Report for Scottish Hydro-Electric PLC is presented. It includes key financial statistics, the financial calendar, details of the Board of Directors, the Chairman's Statement, the Chief Executives' review of operations, operational statistics, a summary financial statement, a summary group profit and loss account, summary balance sheets, the Auditors' Report and a customer map. (UK)

 
 
 
 
101

Uplink Summary Generator (ULSGEN) Version 1.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The Uplink Summary Generator (ULSGEN) provides a convenient means of gathering together a set of uplink related files, parsing and analyzing these files, and producing a summary of their contents, which may then be electronically signed by one or more reviewers to verify the commands. Spacecraft operations personnel view this summary as a final sanity check before actual radiation of the uplink data.

Wang, Yeou-Fang; Schrock, Mitchell; Reeve, Timothy J.; Fong, Kristine T.; Smith, Benjamin D.

2013-01-01

102

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new generation of reactor designs is being developed that is intended to meet the requirements of the 21. century. In the short term, the most important requirement is to overcome the relative non-competitiveness of current reactor designs in the de-regulated market. For this purpose, evolutionary light water reactor (LWR) designs have been maturing and are being actively promoted. These are specifically designed to be less expensive to build and operate than the previous generation of LWRs, genuinely competitive with alternative forms of generation and at the same time establish higher levels of safety. A new generation of modular, small-to-medium (100-300 MWe/module), integral design water-cooled reactors are under development. These are designed to be competitive with nuclear and non-nuclear power plants, to have significantly enhanced safety, to be proliferation-resistant and to reduce the amount of radioactive waste produced. A different approach to improve competitiveness is the re-emergence of high-temperature reactors (HTRs) using gas turbine technology to obtain higher thermal efficiencies, low construction and operating costs, inherent safety characteristics and low proliferation risk. In the longer term, assuming that the current stagnation in the market is successfully overcome, other requirements related to long-term sustainability will emerge. Important amongst these will be the need to minimise the environmental burden passed on to future generations al burden passed on to future generations (or at least to ensure that the cost to future generations is in balance with the benefits to the current generation), the need to establish sustainability of fuel and the need to minimise stocks of separated plutonium at the minimum possible working level and to minimise accessibility to plutonium. In this context, topics of interest to the workshop were: reactors consuming excess plutonium, advanced LWRs, HTRs, fast spectrum reactors, subcritical systems, minor-actinide systems and radical innovative systems. The scope of the workshop comprised reactor physics, fuel performance and fuel material technology, thermal-hydraulics, core behaviour and fuel cycle of advanced reactors with different types of fuels or fuel lattices. Reactor types considered were water-cooled, high-temperature gas-cooled and fast spectrum reactors as well as hybrid reactors with fast and thermal neutron spectra. The emphasis was on innovative concepts and issues related to the reactor and fuel. The workshop concluded with a wide-ranging panel discussion which considered some difficult questions from which it is hoped that some recommendations for future priorities can be derived. A record of the discussion is included at the end of this summary. (author)

103

Review of online evidence-based practice point-of-care information summary providers: response by the publisher of DynaMed.  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to Banzi's et al review of online evidence-based practice point-of-care resources published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, the publisher of DynaMed clarifies his evidence-based methodology. PMID:20829183

Alper, Brian S

2010-01-01

104

Wind energy systems: program summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Federal Wind Energy Program (FWEP) was initiated to provide focus, direction and funds for the development of wind power. Each year a summary is prepared to provide the American public with an overview of government sponsored activities in the FWEP. This program summary describes each of the Department of Energy's (DOE) current wind energy projects initiated or renewed during FY 1979 (October 1, 1978 through September 30, 1979) and reflects their status as of April 30, 1980. The summary highlights on-going research, development and demonstration efforts and serves as a record of progress towards the program objectives. It also provides: the program's general management structure; review of last year's achievements; forecast of expected future trends; documentation of the projects conducted during FY 1979; and list of key wind energy publications.

None

1980-05-01

105

Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The special session on Fuel cycle strategies and transition scenarios comprised three invited papers and five oral presentations: INL (USA) was invited to present US activities on fuel cycle transition scenarios; JAEA (Japan) presented the current status of the Japanese nuclear fuel cycle; CEA and EDF (France) gave a presentation on the French fuel cycle strategy and transition scenarios; CEA and INL presented the latest outcomes from the NEA activity on fuel cycle transition scenarios and the European approach; JAEA reported on the results of global scenarios for fast reactor deployment; AECL (Canada) discussed actinide transmutation in Candu reactors, which may efficiently transmute TRU; Materials assessments, which could be used in advanced nuclear fuel cycles from a safeguard perspective, were presented by LANL (USA); The technical session about Impact on P and T on waste management and geological disposal comprised one invited paper and two oral presentations: JAEA presented on the concept of waste management and geological disposal incorporating P and T technology; CIEMAT (Spain) gave a summary of the RED-IMPACT study, which is the study of the impact of P and T on the HLW management programme of the EC; Chalmers University(Sweden) presented an estimation of maximum permissible step losses in P and T processing; The technical session about Progress in transmutation fuels and targets comprised one invited paper and seven oral presentations: The invited talk of thoral presentations: The invited talk of the session was given by ITU (EC), on advanced fuel fabrication processes for transmutation; INL presented the development status of transuranic-bearing metal fuels in the USA; CEA summarised European projects on design, development and qualification of advanced fuels for an industrial ADS prototype; The Japanese study of the microstructural evolution and Am migration behaviour in Am-containing MOX fuels at the initial stage of irradiation was presented by JAEA discussed Japanese status on the development of nitride fuel and a pyrochemical process for transmutation of minor actinides; RIAR (Russian Federation) presented the RIAR DOVITA-1/2 P and T programme, discussing the results of 15 years of R and D activity; JAEA presented an experimental evaluation of Am- and Np-bearing mixed-oxide fuel properties; CEA discussed minor actinide recycling in sodium fast reactor and the 2008 status of the Phenix experimental programme; The technical session about Progress in partitioning, waste forms and management comprised two invited paper and eight oral presentations: The first invited talk of the session, given by CEA concerned future nuclear fuel cycles and the prospects and challenges lying therein; CEA gave an overview on a new EC activity: Actinide Recycling by Separation and Transmutation (ACSEPT), which is under the FP7 of EURATOM; FZJ (Germany) presented developments regarding a new SANEX process for actinide (III)/lanthanide (III) separation; Recent R and D activities pertaining to innovative extractants and adsorbents for partitioning of minor actinides at JAEA were reported on; ANL (USA) gave the second invited talk of the session, on fission product partitioning and integrated waste management; Studies on separation of actinides and lanthanides by extraction chromatography using 2.6-bis triazinyl pyridine were presented by IGCAR (India); CRIEPI (Japan) presented recent developments on pyrochemical processing and metal fuel cycle technology; KAERI (Korea) reported on fission product partitioning and waste salt minimisation during pyro-process; Current progress in R and D on MSR fuel cycle technology in the Czech Republic was presented by NRI; UC Berkeley (USA) presented the effects of repository conditions on environmental impact reduction through recycling; The technical session about Progress in materials, including spallation targets and coolants comprised one invited paper and two oral presentations: The topic of the invited talk of the session, presented by FZK was progress in materials, including spallation targ

106

A summary of the November 1992, final guidelines for the preparation of an environmental impact statement for the proposed Conawapa project draft for review and comment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Manitoba Hydro has proposed the Conawapa Project, which includes the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning of the Conawapa generating station, new Riel converter station and ground electrode, new Bipole II transmission line, expansion of the existing Henday converter station, new Riel-Dorsey transmission line, upgrading of the Southern Receiver system, new Henday-Riel and Riel-Ontario transmission lines, and ancillary facilities and activities. An environmental impact statement must be prepared to identify valued environmental components of the ecosystem and components and activities of the social, economic and cultural systems of communities affected by the proposed project. The guidelines cover project need and justification, project description, description of the environmental setting, environmental impacts, and response to environmental impacts. This document includes a summary of the draft guidelines together with the guidelines themselves. 10 refs., 3 figs

107

A summary of the November 1992, final guidelines for the preparation of an environmental impact statement for the proposed Conawapa project draft for review and comment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Manitoba Hydro has proposed the Conawapa Project, which includes the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning of the Conawapa generating station, new Riel converter station and ground electrode, new Bipole II transmission line, expansion of the existing Henday converter station, new Riel-Dorsey transmission line, upgrading of the Southern Receiver system, new Henday-Riel and Riel-Ontario transmission lines, and ancillary facilities and activities. An environmental impact statement must be prepared to identify valued environmental components of the ecosystem and components and activities of the social, economic and cultural systems of communities affected by the proposed project. The guidelines cover project need and justification, project description, description of the environmental setting, environmental impacts, and response to environmental impacts. This document includes a summary of the draft guidelines together with the guidelines themselves. 10 refs., 3 figs.

1992-01-01

108

Geochemistry Review Panel report on the SRP geochemistry program and draft geochemistry summary program plan (May, 1986) and discussion of panel recommendations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Geochemistry Review Panel (GRP) was established by the Salt Repository Project Office (SRPO) to help evaluate geochemistry-related issues in the US Department of Energy's nuclear waste repository program. The May 1986 meeting of the GRP reviewed the Salt Repository Program (SRP) geochemistry program developed by the Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation (ONWI). This program is described in the Draft Geochemistry Plan of April 9, 1986. This report documents the GRP's comments and recommendations on this subject and the ONWI responses to the specific points raised by the GRP

109

Summary of the technical review of the safety analysis reports for packaging (SARP) for the transnuclear transport/storage casks: TN-BRP and TN-REG  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safety Analysis Reports for Packaging for two spent fuel shipping casks were technically reviewed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The casks were designed by Transnuclear, Inc., for shipment of 85 Big Rock Point boiling water reactor fuel elements and 40 R.E. Ginna pressurized water reactor fuel elements from West Valley, New York, to Idaho Falls, Idaho. The intent of the review was to ensure compliance of the casks with the requirements the applicable Federal Regulations contained in 10 CFR Pt. 71 and allow issuance of Department of Energy Certificates of Compliance for transport by the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office. The review was performed by a team of Oak Ridge National Laboratory staff assembled for their expertise in criticality analysis, shielding, metallurgy, nondestructive testing, thermal analysis, structural analysis, and containment. This report describes the review processes, the findings in each technical area, and the overall conclusion that a Certificate of Compliance could be issued for the proposed single shipment under the specified conditions and constraints

110

Review of Online Evidence-based Practice Point-of-Care Information Summary Providers: Authors’ Reply to the Response by the Publisher of DynaMed  

Science.gov (United States)

We are pleased that the publisher of DynaMed clarified his evidence-based methodology in response to our review. We stress again how good reporting is a prerequisite for transparency. This lesson comes from the reporting of research findings but its extension to the development of information sources should be considered.

Liberati, Alessandro; Moschetti, Ivan; Tagliabue, Ludovica; Moja, Lorenzo

2010-01-01

111

Research Review Series, Science Paper 3. A Summary of Research in Science Education for the Years of 1965-67, College Level.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review of research related to college and university science teaching and learning is based upon reports published from 1965 through 1967 and contained in the collection of the ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education. The 77 studies are abstracted under the following headings, with a short…

Montean, John; Butzow, John

112

Reviews  

Science.gov (United States)

BOOK REVIEWS (353) Dr Dyer's Academy Further Advanced Physics Physics 11-14, with Biology 11-14 and Chemistry 11-14 Nelson Modular Science: Books 1 and 2 Key Science: Physics, 3rd Edition Nelson Science: Physics, 2nd Edition Physics for AQA: Separate Award, Coordinated Award Physical Processes: A Visual Approach WEB WATCH (359) Physics Favourites: John Miller's selection

2002-07-01

113

Summary Record  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fourth workshop for the OECD/NRC Benchmark based on NUPEC BWR Full-size Fine-mesh Bundle Tests (BFBT-4) was held on 8 and 9 May 2007 at NEA Headquarters, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France. This international benchmark encourages advancement in this un-investigated field of two-phase flow theory with very important relevance to the nuclear reactors' safety margins evaluation. Considering the immaturity of the theoretical approach, the benchmark specification is being designed so that it systematically assesses and compares the participants' numerical models on the prediction of detailed void distributions and critical powers. Furthermore, the following points were kept in mind while establishing the benchmark specification: As concerns the numerical model of void distributions, no sound theoretical approach that can be applied to a wide range of geometrical and operating conditions has been developed. In the past decade, experimental and computational technologies have tremendously improved through the study of the two-phase flow structure. Over the next decade, it can be expected that mechanistic approaches will be more widely applied to the complicated two-phase fluid phenomena inside fuel bundles. The development of truly mechanistic models for critical power prediction is currently underway. These models must include elementary processes such as void distributions, droplet deposit, liquid film entrainment, etc. The BFBT benchmark is made up of two parts (phases), each part consisting of different exercises: - Phase I Void Distribution Benchmark: Exercise 1 (I-1): Steady-state sub-channel grade benchmark; Exercise 2 (I-2): Steady-state microscopic grade benchmark; Exercise 3 (I-3): Transient macroscopic grade benchmark; Exercise 4 (I-4): Uncertainty analysis of the steady state sub-channel benchmark. - Phase II Critical Power Benchmark: Exercise 0 (II-0): Pressure drop benchmark; Exercise 1 (II-1): Steady-state benchmark; Exercise 2 (II-2): Transient benchmark; Exercise 3 (II-3): Uncertainty analysis of the steady critical power benchmark. It should be recognized that the purpose of this benchmark is not only to compare currently available macroscopic approaches but above-all to encourage the development of novel next-generation approaches that focus on more microscopic processes. Thus, the benchmark problem includes both macroscopic and microscopic measurement data. In this context, the sub-channel grade void fraction data are regarded as the macroscopic data and the digitized computer graphic images are the microscopic data. The technical topics addressed at the workshop included: - Review of the benchmark activities after the 3. Workshop; - Discussion of the draft version of Volume II of the specifications on uncertainty analysis exercises; - Presentation and discussion of comparison of final submitted results for Exercise 1 of Phase I (I-1); - Presentation and discussion of comparison of final submitted results for Exercise 0, Phase II (II-0); - Presentation and discussion of comparison of final submitted results for Exercise 1, Phase II (II-1); - Presentation and discussion of modelling issues and comparison of submitted results for Exercise 2, Phase I (I-2); - Presentation and discussion of modelling issues and comparison of submitted results for Exercise 3, Phase I (I-3); - Presentation and discussion of modelling issues and comparison of submitted results for Exercise 2, Phase II (II-2); - Discussion of the requested output and templates for submitting results for Exercise 4 of Phase I (I-4), and Exercise 3 of Phase II (II-3); - Defining a work plan and schedule outlining actions to advance the two phases of the benchmark activities

114

Summary record  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Sixth workshop for the OECD/NRC Benchmark based on NUPEC BWR Full-size Fine-mesh Bundle Tests (BFBT-6) was held on April 27-28 2009 in University Park / State College, PA, USA. This international benchmark encourages advancement in the un-investigated fields of two-phase flow theory with very important relevance to the nuclear reactors' safety margins evaluation. Considering the immaturity of the theoretical approach, the benchmark specification is being designed so that it systematically assesses and compares the participants' numerical models on the prediction of detailed void distributions and critical powers. Furthermore, the following points were kept in mind while establishing the benchmark specification: As concerns the numerical model of void distributions, no sound theoretical approach that can be applied to a wide range of geometrical and operating conditions has been developed. In the past decade, experimental and computational technologies have tremendously improved though the study of the two-phase flow structure. Over the next decade, it can be expected that mechanistic approaches will be more widely applied to the complicated two-phase fluid phenomena inside fuel bundles. The development of truly mechanistic models for critical power prediction is currently underway. These models must include elementary processes such as void distributions, droplet deposit, liquid film entrainment, etc. The BFBT benchmark is made up of two parts (phases), each part consisting of different exercises: Phase I - Void Distribution Benchmark: Exercise 1 (I-1) - Steady-state sub-channel grade benchmark; Exercise 2 (I-2) - Steady-state microscopic grade benchmark; Exercise 3 (I-3) - Transient macroscopic grade benchmark; Exercise 4 (I-4) - Uncertainty analysis of the steady state sub-channel benchmark. Phase II - Critical Power Benchmark: Exercise 0 (II-0) - Pressure drop benchmark; Exercise 1 (II-1) - Steady-state benchmark; Exercise 2 (II-2) - Transient benchmark; Exercise 3 (II-3) - Uncertainty analysis of the steady critical power benchmark. It should be recognized that the purpose of this benchmark is not only to compare currently available macroscopic approaches but above-all to encourage the development of novel next-generation approaches that focus on more microscopic processes. Thus, the benchmark problem includes both macroscopic and microscopic measurement data. In this context, the sub-channel grade void fraction data are regarded as the macroscopic data and the digitized computer graphic images are the microscopic data. The technical topics addressed at the workshop included: - Review of the benchmark activities after the 5. Workshop - Discussion of the report on Phase I - Participants' presentations on their models and results for Exercises I-1, I-2 and I-3 - Discussion of the report on Phase II - Participants' presentations on their models and results for Exercises II-0, II-1 and II-2 - Presentation and discussion of the results submitted for the uncertainty analysis exercises - Participants' presentations on their models and results for Exercises I-4 and II-3 - Introduction and presentation of the new OECD benchmark based on NUPEC PWR Sub-channel and Bundle Tests (PSBT) (as follow-up benchmark activities of the OECD/NRC BFBT benchmark): database, specification and schedule. - Status of the NED special issue with participants' BFBT papers - Defining a work plan and schedule outlining actions to progress the two phases of the benchmark activities

115

Briefing package for the Yucca Flat pre-emptive review, including overview, UZ model, SZ volcanics model and summary and conclusions sections  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Much progress has been made in the last several years in modeling radionuclide transport from tests conducted both in the unsaturated zone and saturated volcanic rocks of Yucca Flat, Nevada. The presentations to the DOE NNSA pre-emptive review panel contained herein document the progress to date, and discuss preliminary conclusions regarding the present and future extents of contamination resulting from past nuclear tests. The presentations also discuss possible strategies for addressing uncertainty in the model results.

Kwicklis, Edward Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Keating, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-02

116

A review of energy consumption and related data : Canadian mining and metal smelting and refining industries 1990 to 2007 : executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Energy data from the North American industry classification system (NAICS) offer insight into energy consumption and emissions in different industries. NAICS 212 and 331 provides information on the metal and non-metal mining, metal smelting, and refining industries. Every year, metal and non-metal mines, smelters, and refineries (exclusive of iron and aluminium smelting) consume a significant amount of energy and release a significant volume of greenhouse gases. This report provided detailed information for the Mining Association of Canada about energy consumption within the metal and non-metal mining, metal smelting, and refining industries on a national basis from 1990 to 2007. It also reviewed data issues relevant to understanding energy and emission trends in the mining and associated industries. The paper reviewed provincially-disaggregated data in terms of their availability and their resulting utility for analyses. It also reviewed data issues including errors in surveying and data processing, embodied energy and greenhouse gas emissions in exported products, issues pertaining to international comparison, and considerations to enhance knowledge about energy and greenhouse gas emissions in the mining and smelting industries. The data and methods of the study were also outlined, with particular reference to energy data; production data; greenhouse gas emissions; and intensities. It was concluded that in 2007, the mining and associated industries accounted for approximately 9.4 percent of total industrial energy consumption. 2 tabs.

Nyboer, J.; Baylin-Stern, A. [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC (Canada). Canadian Industrial Energy End-Use Data and Analysis Centre

2009-03-15

117

Electron-Cloud Build-Up: Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

I present a summary of topics relevant to the electron-cloud build-up and dissipation that were presented at the International Workshop on Electron-Cloud Effects 'ECLOUD 07' (Daegu, S. Korea, April 9-12, 2007). This summary is not meant to be a comprehensive review of the talks. Rather, I focus on those developments that I found, in my personal opinion, especially interesting. The contributions, all excellent, are posted in http://chep.knu.ac.kr/ecloud07/

118

2013 Annual Summary Report for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada; Review of the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Maintenance Plan for the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site (National Security Technologies, LLC 2007a) requires an annual review to assess the adequacy of the performance assessments (PAs) and composite analyses (CAs), with the results submitted to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management. The Disposal Authorization Statements for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) also require that such reviews be made and that secondary or minor unresolved issues be tracked and addressed as part of the maintenance plan (DOE 1999a, 2000). The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office performed an annual review of the Area 3 and Area 5 RWMS PAs and CAs for fiscal year (FY) 2013. This annual summary report presents data and conclusions from the FY 2013 review, and determines the adequacy of the PAs and CAs. Operational factors (e.g., waste forms and containers, facility design, and waste receipts), closure plans, monitoring results, and research and development (R&D) activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the PAs. Likewise, the environmental restoration activities at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) relevant to the sources of residual radioactive material that are considered in the CAs, the land-use planning, and the results of the environmental monitoring and R&D activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the CAs. Important developments in FY 2013 include the following: • Development of a new Area 5 RWMS closure inventory estimate based on disposals through FY 2013 • Evaluation of new or revised waste streams by special analysis • Development of version 4.115 of the Area 5 RWMS GoldSim PA/CA model The Area 3 RWMS has been in inactive status since July 1, 2006, with the last shipment received in April 2006. The FY 2013 review of operations, facility design, closure plans, monitoring results, and R&D results for the Area 3 RWMS indicates no changes that would impact PA validity. The conclusion of the annual review is that all performance objectives can be met and the Area 3 RWMS PA remains valid. There is no need to the revise the Area 3 RWMS PA. Review of Area 5 RWMS operations, design, closure plans, monitoring results, and R&D activities indicates that no significant changes have occurred. The FY 2013 PA results, generated with the Area 5 RWMS v4.115 GoldSim PA model, indicate that there continues to be a reasonable expectation of meeting all performance objectives. The results and conclusions of the Area 5 RWMS PA are judged valid, and there is no need to the revise the PA. A review of changes potentially impacting the CAs indicates that no significant changes occurred in FY 2013. The continuing adequacy of the CAs was evaluated with the new models, and no significant changes that would alter the CAs results or conclusions were found. The revision of the Area 3 RWMS CA, which will include the Yucca Flat Underground Test Area (Corrective Action Unit [CAU] 97) source term, is scheduled for FY 2024, following the completion of the Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan in FY 2015. Inclusion of the Frenchman Flat Underground Test Area (CAU 98) results in the Area 5 RWMS CA is scheduled for FY 2016, pending the completion of the CAU 98 Closure Report in FY 2015. Near-term R&D efforts will focus on continuing development of the PA, CA, and inventory models for the Area 3 and Area 5 RWMS.

Shott, Gregory [NSTec

2014-03-01

119

Periodical safety review of the Goesgen-Daeniken nuclear power plant. Summary, results and evaluation; Periodische Sicherheitsueberpruefung fuer das Kernkraftwerk Goesgen-Daeniken. Zusammenfassung, Ergebnisse und Bewertung  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Goesgen nuclear power plant (KKG) received its operational licence on September 9, 1978. The operational start-up of the plant went on into the year 1979, but there was a short interruption because of the accident in the Three Mile Island reactor on March 28, 1979. In May 1985 KKG submitted a request for raising the thermal reactor power from the then 2808 MW to 3002 MW. Based on the examination by the Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK), the Swiss Federal Council granted the licence in two steps: in December 1985 for raising the thermal power to 2900 MW, and, in April 1992, to 3002 MW. The licence for the second step was given under the condition that some more experience was to be gained concerning the fuel rod cladding under higher loading. As part of the yearly re-licensing on restart after fuel assembly reloading, HSK confirmed that the plant status conformed to the legal requirements. In November 1986, HSK asked all Swiss nuclear power plant managers to state their opinions on proposed measures concerning severe accidents. Some of the measures were already in discussion; the Chernobyl accident on April 26, 1986, accelerated their implementation and was also a reason for the introduction of the measures against severe accidents. In this context, KKG carried out a risk study which led to the installation of a filtered pressure release system for the containment. Another consequence of the Chernobyl accident was the introduction of technical Periodical Safety Reviews (PSR) for all operating nuclear power plants. Central points of the PSR are: a) comparison with the continuously improving state-of-the-art of science and technology concerning safety precautions; b) a systematic evaluation of operating experience and plant status; c) the taking into account of probabilistic safety analyses in the overall evaluation of the plant. Within the framework of the examination of the overall plant, HSK also checks how its requirements concerning plant safety and radiation protection are taken into account. Even if the plant manager considers the guarantee of plant safety as his duty, an overall investigation by the authorities makes sense because it also looks into rare accident scenarios for which there are, of course, no actual working experience and which can only be considered within the framework of extended plant examinations. The PSRs on the Swiss nuclear power plants therefore complement the continuous control activities of the HSK; they are carried out about every 10 years. For KKG the PSR process was initiated by a letter from the HSK in February 1994. The areas to be considered were: a) examination of design and fulfilment of technical safety systems and comparison with the actual state-of-the-art of science and technology; b) evaluation of operational experience; c) review of the technical precautions against severe accidents including the preparation of emergency measures; d) review of the emergency organisation; e) examination of the plant protection against radioactivity; f) future dismantling at the end of operational life and disposal of the radioactive wastes; g) evaluation of accident analyses and of the KKG probabilistic safety analysis; h) review of plant organisation and plant management. The examination confirmed that, at KKG, there are very many technical safety precautions. KKG operational experience is good, the results show a high degree of operational availability and a very low number of incidental shut-downs. In international comparison the collective doses of the staff are low and the release of radioactive materials to the environment is negligible; on this account KKG is one of the world's best plants operating pressurised water reactors. Up to now the examinations have not brought any ageing deterioration to light concerning the status of safety-relevant components or ducts

NONE

1999-11-15

120

Reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teaching and Learning Online is a collection of seventeen papers divided into six sections. The papers have their origins in an 'expert' seminar held at the International Centre for Learner Managed Learning at Middlesex University, London. The seminar brought together a group of practitioners (academic, training and media from around the world to consider progress to date and the future of learning and teaching online. For the purposes of the book 'online' is understood to include 'electronic means of distributing and engaging with learning' (ix and only includes broadcast media to the degree that they overlap with 'the overall internet scenario' (ix. According to the book details of the original seminar are available from http:llwww.iclml.mdx.acuk/TLonline. Readers are invited to contribute to online discussion. However, at the time this review was written the Website was unavailable.

Philip Barker

2002-12-01

 
 
 
 
121

Current Intelligence Bulletins: summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Summaries are provided for the 47 Current Intelligence Bulletins issued to date by NIOSH; any revisions in NIOSH policy made after a bulletin was issued are included. Subjects of the bulletins include the following: chloroprene; trichloroethylene; ethylene-dibromide; chrome pigment; asbestos exposure; hexamethylphosphoric-triamide; polychlorinated biphenyls; 4,4'-diaminodipheylmethane; chloroform; radon daughters; dimethylcarbamoyl-chloride; diethylcarbamoyl-chloride; explosive azide hazard; inorganic arsenic; nitrosamines; metabolic precursors of beta-naphtylamine; 2-nitropropane; acryonitrile; 2,4-diaminoanisole; tetrachloroethylene; trimellitic-anhydride; ethylene-thiourea; ethylene-dibromide and disulfiram, toxic interaction; direct blue 6, direct black 38, direct brown 95, benzidine derived dyes; ethylene-dichloride; NIAX catalyst ESN; chloroethanes, review of toxicity; vinyl halides, carcinogenicity; glycidyl ethers; epichlorohydrin; smoking and the occupational environment; arsine poisoning in the workplace; radiofrequency sealers and heaters; formaldehyde; ethylene-oxide; silica flour; ethylene-dibromide; vibration syndrome; glycol ethers; 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; 1,3-butadiene; cadmium; monohalomethanes; dinitrotoluenes; polychlorinated biphenyls in electrical equipment fires or failures; methylene-chloride; and 4,4' methylenedianiline.

1986-07-24

122

A critical examination of summary measures of population health.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the past decade, interest has been rising in the development, calculation and use of summary measures of population health, which combine information on mortality and non-fatal health outcomes. This paper reviews the issues and challenges in the design and application of summary measures and presents a framework for evaluating different alternatives. Summary measures have a variety of uses, including comparisons of health in different populations and assessments of the relative contributio...

Murray, C. J.; Salomon, J. A.; Mathers, C.

2000-01-01

123

Advanced Analysis Environments - Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is a summary of the panel discussion on Advanced Analysis Environments. Rene Brun, Tony Johnson, and Lassi Tuura shared their insights about the trends and challenges in analysis environments. This paper contains the initial questions, a summary of the speakers' presentation, and the questions asked by the audience

124

Summary information report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Summary Information Report (SIR) provides summary data concerning NRC and its licensees for general use by the Chairman, other Commissioners and Commission staff offices, the Executive Director for Operations, and the Office Directors. SIR is published quarterly by the Management Information Branch (49-27834) of the Office of Resource Management

125

Summary of nuclear fuel reprocessing activities around the world  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This review of international practices for nuclear fuel reprocessing was prepared to provide a nontechnical summary of the current status of nuclear fuel reprocessing activities around the world. The sources of information are widely varied

126

Summary of nuclear fuel reprocessing activities around the world  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This review of international practices for nuclear fuel reprocessing was prepared to provide a nontechnical summary of the current status of nuclear fuel reprocessing activities around the world. The sources of information are widely varied.

Mellinger, P.J.; Harmon, K.M.; Lakey, L.T.

1984-11-01

127

Plutonium focus area. Technology summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA) in October 1995. The PFA open-quotes...provides for peer and technical reviews of research and development in plutonium stabilization activities...close quotes In addition, the PFA identifies and develops relevant research and technology. The purpose of this document is to focus attention on the requirements used to develop research and technology for stabilization, storage, and preparation for disposition of nuclear materials. The PFA Technology Summary presents the approach the PFA uses to identify, recommend, and review research. It lists research requirements, research being conducted, and gaps where research is needed. It also summarizes research performed by the PFA in the traditional research summary format. This document encourages researchers and commercial enterprises to do business with PFA by submitting research proposals or open-quotes white papers.close quotes In addition, it suggests ways to increase the likelihood that PFA will recommend proposed research to the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (NMSTG) of DOE

128

The European Medicines Agency review of Tegafur/Gimeracil/Oteracil (Teysuno™) for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer when given in combination with cisplatin: summary of the Scientific Assessment of the Committee for medicinal products for human use (CHMP).  

Science.gov (United States)

The product Teysuno™ (S-1) contains tegafur, a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and two modulators of 5-FU metabolism, gimeracil and oteracil. The main clinical study in this application was a randomized controlled study comparing S-1 plus cisplatin with 5-FU plus cisplatin. In this study, median overall survival times of 8.6 months and 7.9 months for S-1 plus cisplatin and 5-FU plus cisplatin, respectively, were observed (hazard ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval, 0.80-1.05). The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use of the European Medicines Agency concluded that S-1 in combination with cisplatin (75 mg/m²) was noninferior to 5-FU plus cisplatin (100 mg/m²) in patients with advanced gastric cancer and adopted a positive opinion recommending the marketing authorization for this product for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer when given in combination with cisplatin. The recommended dose of S-1 is 25 mg/m² (expressed as tegafur content) twice a day, for 21 consecutive days followed by 7 days rest (one treatment cycle), in combination with 75 mg/m² cisplatin i.v. administered on day 1. This treatment cycle is repeated every 4 weeks. The most common side effects reported in the pivotal study were anemia, neutropenia, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight decrease, anorexia, and fatigue. The objective of this paper is to summarize the scientific review of the application leading to approval in the EU. The full scientific assessment report and the summary of product characteristics are available on the European Medicines Agency website (http://www.ema.europa.eu). PMID:21963999

Matt, Petra; van Zwieten-Boot, Barbara; Calvo Rojas, Gonzalo; Ter Hofstede, Hadewych; Garcia-Carbonero, Rocio; Camarero, Jorge; Abadie, Eric; Pignatti, Francesco

2011-01-01

129

2012 Annual Summary Report for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada: Review of the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Maintenance Plan for the Performance Assessments and Composite Analyses for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site (National Security Technologies, LLC 2007a) requires an annual review to assess the adequacy of the performance assessments (PAs) and composite analyses (CAs), with the results submitted to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management. The Disposal Authorization Statements for the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) also require that such reviews be made and that secondary or minor unresolved issues be tracked and addressed as part of the maintenance plan (DOE 1999a, 2000). The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office performed an annual review of the Area 3 and Area 5 RWMS PAs and CAs for fiscal year (FY) 2012. This annual summary report presents data and conclusions from the FY 2012 review, and determines the adequacy of the PAs and CAs. Operational factors (e.g., waste forms and containers, facility design, and waste receipts), closure plans, monitoring results, and research and development (R&D) activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the PAs. Likewise, the environmental restoration activities at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) relevant to the sources of residual radioactive material that are considered in the CAs, the land-use planning, and the results of the environmental monitoring and R&D activities were reviewed to determine the adequacy of the CAs. Important developments in FY 2012 include the following: ? Release of a special analysis for the Area 3 RWMS assessing the continuing validity of the PA and CA ? Development of a new Area 5 RWMS closure inventory estimate based on disposals through FY 2012 ? Evaluation of new or revised waste streams by special analysis ? Development of version 4.114 of the Area 5 RWMS GoldSim PA model The Area 3 RWMS has been in inactive status since July 1, 2006, with the last shipment received in April 2006. The FY 2012 review of operations, facility design, closure plans, monitoring results, and R&D results for the Area 3 RWMS indicates no changes that would impact PA validity. A special analysis using the Area 3 RWMS v2.102 GoldSim PA model was prepared to update the PA results for the Area 3 RWMS in FY 2012. The special analysis concludes that all performance objectives can be met and the Area 3 RWMS PA remains valid. There is no need to the revise the Area 3 RWMS PA. Review of Area 5 RWMS operations, design, closure plans, monitoring results, and R&D activities indicates no significant changes other than an increase in the inventory disposed. The FY 2012 PA results, generated with the Area 5 RWMS v4.114 GoldSim PA model, indicate that there continues to be a reasonable expectation of meeting all performance objectives. The results and conclusions of the Area 5 RWMS PA are judged valid, and there is no need to the revise the PA. A review of changes potentially impacting the CAs indicates that no significant changes occurred in FY 2012. The continuing adequacy of the CAs was evaluated with the new models, and no significant changes that would alter CA results or conclusions were found. The revision of the Area 3 RWMS CA, which will include the Underground Test Area source term (Corrective Action Unit [CAU] 97), is scheduled for FY 2024, following the completion of the Yucca Flat CAU 97 Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan in FY 2016. Inclusion of the Frenchman Flat CAU 98 results in the Area 5 RWMS CA is scheduled for FY 2016, pending the completion of the CAU 98 closure report in FY 2015. Near-term R&D efforts will focus on continuing development of the Area 3 and Area 5 RWMS GoldSim PA/CA and inventory models.

Shott, G. [National Security Technologies, LLC

2013-03-18

130

A systematic review of the safety information contained within the Summaries of Product Characteristics of medications licensed in the United Kingdom for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. how does the safety prescribing advice compare with national guidance?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The safety of paediatric medications is paramount and contraindications provide clear pragmatic advice. Further advice may be accessed through Summaries of Product Characteristics (SPCs and relevant national guidelines. The SPC can be considered the ultimate independent guideline and is regularly updated. In 2008, the authors undertook a systematic review of the SPC contraindications of medications licensed in the United Kingdom (UK for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD. At that time, there were fewer contraindications reported in the SPC for atomoxetine than methylphenidate and the specific contraindications varied considerably amongst methylphenidate formulations. In 2009, the European Medicines Agency (EMA mandated harmonisation of methylphenidate SPCs. Between September and November 2011, there were three changes to the atomoxetine SPC that resulted in revised prescribing information. In addition, Clinical Guidance has also been produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE (2008, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN (2009 and the British National Formulary for Children (BNFC. Methods An updated systematic review of the Contraindications sections of the SPCs of all medications currently licensed for treatment of ADHD in the UK was undertaken and independent statements regarding contraindications and relevant warnings and precautions were then compared with UK national guidance with the aim of assessing any disparity and potential areas of confusion for prescribers. Results As of November 2011, there were seven medications available in the UK for the treatment of ADHD. There are 15 contraindications for most formulations of methylphenidate, 14 for dexamfetamine and 5 for atomoxetine. Significant differences exist between the SPCs and national guidance part due to the ongoing reactive process of amending the former as new information becomes known. In addition, recommendations are made outside UK SPC licensed indications and a significant contraindication for methylphenidate (suicidal behaviours is missing from both the NICE and SIGN guidelines. Particular disparity exists relating to monitoring for suicidal and psychiatric side effects. The BNFC has not yet been updated in line with the European Union (EU Directive on methylphenidate; it does not include any contraindications for atomoxetine but describes contraindications for methylphenidate that are no longer in the SPC. Conclusion Clinicians seeking prescribing advice from critical independent sources of data, such as SPCs and national guidelines, may be confused by the disparity that exists. There are major differences between guidelines and SPCs and neither should be referred to in isolation. The SPC represents the most relevant source of safety data to aid prescribing of medications for ADHD as they present the most current safety data in line with increased exposure. National guidelines may need more regular updates.

Savill Nicola

2012-01-01

131

Summary of Peer Review harmonisation activities - Research ...  

While the structure of the hierarchy is very unlikely to change over time, agreed \\changes will, ... that copies should be made available to the central institutional \\contact. ... PRGPG noted that the Research Councils had contributed to the initial\\ ...

132

Review and summary of RERTR '98  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The RERTR program started in 1978 and had its last annual international meeting in Sao Paulo, Brazil in October 1998. The target of this program is to eliminate the risk of proliferation and misuse of the HEU by converting research reactors from using HEU to LEU. 36 research reactors are in the process of conversion (8) or fully converted (28) on the basis oft the existing U3Si2 (4.8 gU/cc) fuel. Higher density fuels up to 8-9 gU/cc on a U-Mo basis are being developed to also achieve the conversion of high performance research reactors. The U.S. spent nuclear fuel return program is under good progress. Efforts are being made to establish similar RERTR and spent fuel return programs in Russia. Concerns about missing global or regional back-end solutions mainly for countries without a nuclear program were raised. (author)

133

Influenza vaccination: a summary of Cochrane Reviews.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Cochrane Library was systematically searched for meta-analyses regarding influenza vaccination of various populations, both healthy and sick. An effect in reducing the number of cases of influenza, influenza-like illness or complications to influenza was found in some studies, but, generally, the quality of the studies was low, and several studies lacked hard clinical endpoints. Data on adverse effects were scarce. More randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of influenza vaccination are warranted. PMID:25185860

Østerhus, S F

2015-02-01

134

Biofuels: Project summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US DOE, through the Biofuels Systems Division (BSD) is addressing the issues surrounding US vulnerability to petroleum supply. The BSD goal is to develop technologies that are competitive with fossil fuels, in both cost and environmental performance, by the end of the decade. This document contains summaries of ongoing research sponsored by the DOE BSD. A summary sheet is presented for each project funded or in existence during FY 1993. Each summary sheet contains and account of project funding, objectives, accomplishments and current status, and significant publications.

1994-07-01

135

Summaries of poster contributions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 10. meeting covered subjects on the application of electron microscopy in numerous fields such as biology and medicine, solid state physics, semiconductor research and production, crystallography, materials science, and chemistry of polymers. 174 summaries of poster contributions are included

136

Treatment Options Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

... Report Acoustic Neuroma Legacy Society Search ANAUSA.org Treatment Options Summary Typical Advantages of Microsurgery over Radiation ... that hearing declines over time after radiation. Radiation Treatment Options Gamma Knife Early use for AN began ...

137

Joining Distributed Database Summaries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The database summarization system coined SaintEtiQ provides multi-level summaries of tabular data stored into a centralized database. Summaries are computed online with a conceptual hierarchical clustering algorithm. However, in many companies, data are distributed among several sites, either homogeneously (i.e. , sites contain data for a common set of features) or heterogeneously (i.e. , sites contain data for di?erent features). Consequently, the current centralized version of SaintEtiQ i...

Bechchi, Mounir; Raschia, Guillaume; Mouaddib, Noureddine

2008-01-01

138

Summary information report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Summary Information Report (SIR) provides summary data concerning NRC and its licensees for general use by the Chairman, other Commissioners and Commission staff offices, the Executive Director for Operations, and the Office Directors. SIR is published quarterly by the Management Information Branch (49-27834) of the Office of Resource Management. This branch was formerly part of the Office of Management and Program Analysis

139

Site environmental report summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this summary of the Fernald 1992 Site Environmental Report the authors will describe the impact of the Fernald site on man and the environment and provide results from the ongoing Environmental Monitoring Program. Also included is a summary of the data obtained from sampling conducted to determine if the site complies with DOE, US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), and Ohio EPA (OEPA) requirements. These requirements are set to protect both man and the environment

140

Summary of the workshop: towards 4? physics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary is not intended to give an extensive review of all what has been said during the three days about technics, experiments and theories. It will be rather a brief and simple overview of what I felt during the meeting while listening to the different talks, discussions and participating to the round tables which were also a very important part of the workshop and contributed a lot to its success. This summary will be organized as follows: in a first part I shall briefly describe the basic problems that one is faced with ''exclusive'' measurements. Finally, we shall briefly review some of the theoretical problems existing at intermediate bombarding energies since any experiment would initially rely heavily on theoretical considerations

 
 
 
 
141

International Working Group on Fast Reactors Thirteenth Annual Meeting. Summary Report. Part II  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the IAEA International Working Group on Fast Reactors was held at the IAEA Headquarters, Vienna, Austria from 9 to 11 April 1980. The Summary Report (Part I) contains the Minutes of the Meeting. The Summary Report (Part II) contains the papers which review the national programme in the field of LMFBRs and other presentations at the Meeting. The Summary Report (Part III) contains the discussions on the review of the national programmes

142

Summary of neutrino presentations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary is divided into two sections. First, we concentrate on conventional neutrino physics interpreted in the context of standard electroweak theory. Second, we discuss double beta decay where gross violations of the predictions of the theory might appear, and also we discuss specific searches for consequences of finite neutrino mass. 11 figs., 5 tabs

143

Low beta linacs: summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary is given of the efforts of the Low Beta Linac group of the workshop on a Heavy Ion Demonstration Experiment (HIDE) for heavy ion fusion. Topics discussed include space charge limits, independetly phased cavities, rf deflectors for combining two linac beams, and various research programs

144

Symposium summary and prognosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The summary of the symposium on high energy physics experiments includes phenomena at low energies, the foundations of physics (considered to be mainly gravitation and quantum electrodynamics), standards of reference used for interpretation of experimental data, the new physics, particle proliferation, theoretical development, and a prognosis for the future

145

Summary talk: neutrino '77  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The summary of neutrino physics includes astrophysics, charm, the heavy lepton tau, more building blocks, understanding of the structure functions, the correctness of the standard SU(2) x U(1) model, and exotica as seen from a particular gauge theory. 35 references

146

5.5 Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

This document is part of Subvolume A 'Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection' of Volume 7 'Medical Radiological Physics' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'. It contains the Section '5.5 Summary' of the Chapter '5 Medical Radiological Protection'.

Almén, A.; Valentin, J.

147

MIV Project: Executive Summary  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Under the ESA contract #11453/95/NL/JG(SC), aiming at assessing the feasibility of Rendez-vous and docking of unmanned spacecrafts, a reference mission scenario was defined. This report gives an executive summary of the achievements and results from the project.

Ravazzotti, Mariolina T.; JØrgensen, John Leif

1997-01-01

148

Healthcare. Executive Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

This executive summary highlights several findings about healthcare. These are: (1) Healthcare is 18 percent of the U.S. economy, twice as high as in other countries; (2) There are two labor markets in healthcare: high-skill, high-wage professional and technical jobs and low-skill, low-wage support jobs; (3) Demand for postsecondary education in…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

2012-01-01

149

Summary of Session III  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is a summary of the talks presented in Session III ''Simulations of Electron-Cloud Build Up'' of the Mini-Workshop on Electron-Cloud Simulations for Proton and Positron Beams ECLOUD-02, held at CERN, 15-18 April 2002

150

RICAP-07: Summary comments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Roma International Conference on Astroparticle Physics covered gamma-ray astronomy, air shower experiments and neutrino astronomy on three successive days. I organize my brief summary comments into four topics that cut across these three techniques. They are detector calibration, galactic sources, extra-galactic sources and cosmology.

Gaisser, Thomas K.

2008-01-01

151

Resultados comunicados por el paciente en las fichas técnicas de medicamentos aprobados en España durante el período 2000-2012 / Review of patient reported outcomes in the summary of the product characteristics of medicines approved in Spain  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamentos: El término Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) es definido como el resultado de la evaluación de un medicamento por el paciente y basada en su percepción de la enfermedad y su(s) tratamientos(s). El objetivo del estudio es determinar la utilización de PRO y compararla con otros tipos de var [...] iables de la eficacia contenidas en las fichas técnicas (FT) de medicamentos. Métodos: Revisión y análisis descriptivo de las variables de eficacia utilizadas en los ensayos clínicos de principios activos aprobados en España durante el período 2000-2012, descritas en las fichas técnicas clasificándolas en las siguientes categorías: PRO, resultados informados por el clínico (CRO) y resultados finales basados en pruebas de laboratorio (ML). Para las comparaciones se realizaron la prueba chi2 o la prueba exacta de Fisher, y se calcularon odd ratios para valorar la intensidad de la asociación. Resultados: De las 330 FT estudiadas se incluyeron PROs en 65 (19,7%), los CRO en 188 (57%) y los ML en 128 (38,7%). Los PRO se utilizaron como único resultado final de eficacia en 6 medicamentos. Se observó una tendencia creciente de la significación estadística en la utilización de PRO a lo largo del tiempo estudiado (R2=0,525; p=0,079). Conclusiones: La frecuencia de utilización de PRO en FT es claramente inferior a la de las otras medidas de la eficacia, siendo la diferencia significativamente mayor en el caso de su inclusión como variable única final. La utilización de PROs fue más frecuente en medicamentos del sistema nervioso, agentes inmunomoduladores, sistema respiratorio y sistema musculoesquelético. Abstract in english Background: The term "Patient Reported Outcomes" (PRO) is defined as any result assessed directly by the patient and based on his perception of the illness and its treatment. The scope of the study is to determine and compare the use of PRO measures with other types of effectiveness endpoints in the [...] summary of the products characteristics (SPC) of medicines with active substances approved by first time from 2000 to 2012 in Spain. Methods: A review and descriptive analysis of the effectiveness endpoints used in the clinical trials described in the SPCs studied, classifying them into the following categories: PRO, clinician-reported outcomes (CROs), and laboratory test/device measurement endpoints (ML). Chi-square and Fisher exact texts were used for comparative purposes, and odds ratio to determine the strongest of association. Results: PROs were included in 65 (19.7%) of the SPCs studied. CRO were the most frequently reported 188 (57%) cases, followed by ML:128 (38,7%). PROs were included as only effectiveness endpoint in 6 medicines. A growing trend toward statistical significance (R2=0.525; p=0.079) has been observed in reporting PROs during the period of time studied. Conclusion: The use frequency of PRO in SPCs is clearly minor compared to other efficacy endpoints considered, being the difference significantly higher in case of its use as only efficacy endpoint. The therapeutic areas where PROs were most reported were nervous system medicines, immunologic system modulator medicines, respiratory system, muscle and skeleton system.

José Ignacio, Pueyo Velasco; Javier, Rejas Gutiérrez.

2014-10-01

152

Resultados comunicados por el paciente en las fichas técnicas de medicamentos aprobados en España durante el período 2000-2012 / Review of patient reported outcomes in the summary of the product characteristics of medicines approved in Spain  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamentos: El término Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) es definido como el resultado de la evaluación de un medicamento por el paciente y basada en su percepción de la enfermedad y su(s) tratamientos(s). El objetivo del estudio es determinar la utilización de PRO y compararla con otros tipos de var [...] iables de la eficacia contenidas en las fichas técnicas (FT) de medicamentos. Métodos: Revisión y análisis descriptivo de las variables de eficacia utilizadas en los ensayos clínicos de principios activos aprobados en España durante el período 2000-2012, descritas en las fichas técnicas clasificándolas en las siguientes categorías: PRO, resultados informados por el clínico (CRO) y resultados finales basados en pruebas de laboratorio (ML). Para las comparaciones se realizaron la prueba chi2 o la prueba exacta de Fisher, y se calcularon odd ratios para valorar la intensidad de la asociación. Resultados: De las 330 FT estudiadas se incluyeron PROs en 65 (19,7%), los CRO en 188 (57%) y los ML en 128 (38,7%). Los PRO se utilizaron como único resultado final de eficacia en 6 medicamentos. Se observó una tendencia creciente de la significación estadística en la utilización de PRO a lo largo del tiempo estudiado (R2=0,525; p=0,079). Conclusiones: La frecuencia de utilización de PRO en FT es claramente inferior a la de las otras medidas de la eficacia, siendo la diferencia significativamente mayor en el caso de su inclusión como variable única final. La utilización de PROs fue más frecuente en medicamentos del sistema nervioso, agentes inmunomoduladores, sistema respiratorio y sistema musculoesquelético. Abstract in english Background: The term "Patient Reported Outcomes" (PRO) is defined as any result assessed directly by the patient and based on his perception of the illness and its treatment. The scope of the study is to determine and compare the use of PRO measures with other types of effectiveness endpoints in the [...] summary of the products characteristics (SPC) of medicines with active substances approved by first time from 2000 to 2012 in Spain. Methods: A review and descriptive analysis of the effectiveness endpoints used in the clinical trials described in the SPCs studied, classifying them into the following categories: PRO, clinician-reported outcomes (CROs), and laboratory test/device measurement endpoints (ML). Chi-square and Fisher exact texts were used for comparative purposes, and odds ratio to determine the strongest of association. Results: PROs were included in 65 (19.7%) of the SPCs studied. CRO were the most frequently reported 188 (57%) cases, followed by ML:128 (38,7%). PROs were included as only effectiveness endpoint in 6 medicines. A growing trend toward statistical significance (R2=0.525; p=0.079) has been observed in reporting PROs during the period of time studied. Conclusion: The use frequency of PRO in SPCs is clearly minor compared to other efficacy endpoints considered, being the difference significantly higher in case of its use as only efficacy endpoint. The therapeutic areas where PROs were most reported were nervous system medicines, immunologic system modulator medicines, respiratory system, muscle and skeleton system.

José Ignacio, Pueyo Velasco; Javier, Rejas Gutiérrez.

2014-10-01

153

Diffuse Pollution Risk Assessment Summary  

...March 2005 1 Diffuse Pollution Risk Assessment Summary (Freshwater) 1. Summary Diffuse...regulate. The WFD requires the assessment of the risk of waters not meeting good...of pollutants. The diffuse pollution risk assessment is based primarily on impact...

154

Alien Species Risk Assessment Summary  

...March 2005 Other Human Pressures Risk Assessment Summary 1. Summary For the...data required for carrying out risk assessment for Article 5 analysis and...the Water Framework Directive. The risk assessment exercise in 2004 focused on...

155

Executive Summary - Overview  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our Institute, with a personnel of 477 (195 research staff ) and 71 Ph.D. students, is presently the largest institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences and one of the largest research institutes in Poland. The scientific staff consists of 129 postdoctoral researchers, 26 Associated Professors (doktor habilitowany) and 40 State - Nominated Professors (see Annex B). The IFJ PAN is financed mainly from the State budget of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. In 2006 this core financing was about 4.8 MEUR, constituting less than 45 % of the Institute's total budget. The total budget of the Institute for the year 2005 was about 7.0 MEUR but in 2006 increased to over 10.7 MEUR. This rapid increase was mainly caused by the quickly growing income from the international projects, which in 2006 brought a total of more than 2.2 MEUR. In addition, IFJ PAN received substantial support from the grants towards local infrastructure and local equipment, which in 2006 amounted to almost 2.4 MEUR. For further budget information, see Annex C. 2.4 MEUR obtained in 2006 via the structural funds of European Union enabled IFJ PAN the largest purchases of the laboratory equipment in last two decades, especially in the fi eld of materials engineering, ion implantation techniques, surface physics and advanced dosimetric equipment. In addition, the medical equipment for the proton radiotherapy of eye melanoma has been funded by the Ministry of Health and the X-ray microbeam facility byHealth and the X-ray microbeam facility by the Polish Foundation of Science. These successes were possible also due to the reorganization of the administration, which elaborated the threefold increased number of tenders. The increasing activity of IFJ PAN at the European level has been awarded by Prof. Sewerynski, the Ministry of Science and High Education by the Prize of the Crystal Brussels in the categories of the Institutes of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The recruitment of the personnel has been significantly modified. All new post-doc and administration positions are now opened, announced at IFJ web page and at the local recruitment offices. Special commission prepares the recommendations for the Director to accept or reject the candidates. According to the current requirements of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the quality of scientific output of Poland's research establishments is currently measured chiefly by the number of ISI-listed publications. Over the two-year period (2005 and 2006) our research staff had published 700 papers in international journals listed in the Philadelphia ISI Master List, and 607 other publications, in the form of books, reviews, chapters in scholarly textbooks, papers and reports. The entire list of IFJ PAN publications for the years 2005 and 2006 is given in Annex F. Every 4 years all scientific institutions in Poland are submitted to the process of categorization. In 2002 IFJ was ranked in the second category but in the 2006 ranking we were scored first category. The Scientific Council of the Institute, which consists of 41 elected staff members and 4 external members (elected representatives from other Polish institutes and universities), is authorized to confer Ph.D. degrees in physics and related disciplines, and to initiate and conduct habilitation and professorship procedures. In 2005-2006 24 Ph.D. degrees were conferred and 6 habilitation procedures were completed. Following their review procedures, 7 Associate Professors at the IFJ PAN became state-nominated Professors, receiving their nominations from Poland's Presidents, Mr. Aleksander Kwasniewski (2005) and Mr. Lech Kaczynski (2006). Following the recommendations of the Scientific Advisory Board the Institute structure has been significantly reorganized. 25 scientific departments have been consolidated into 5 divisions (see Chart on page A-4.) to improve the management and the efficiency of work. A summary of our main scientific achievements in the years 2005-2006, is presented below. The scientific activities of the Institute in 2006 are str

156

Review of particle properties  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this Review, we list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons, leptons, quarks, mesons, and baryons. We also summarize searches for hypothetical particles such as Higgs bosons, the top quark, heavy neutrinos, monopoles, and supersymmetric particles. All the particle properties and search limits are listed in Summary Tables. We also give numerous tables, figures, formulae, and reviews of topics such as the Standard Model, particle detectors, probability, and statistics. A booklet is available containing the Summary Tables and abbreviated versions of some other sections of this full Review

157

Summaries of FY 1996 engineering research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1996; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report the principal investigators were asked to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1996. The summaries received have been edited if necessary, but the press for timely publication made it impractical to have the investigators review and approve the revised summaries prior to publication. For more information about a given project, it is suggested that the investigators be contacted directly.

NONE

1997-06-01

158

Blois V: Experimental summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The author gives a summary talk of the best experimental data given at the Vth Blois Workshop on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering. He addresses the following eight areas in his talk: total and elastic cross sections; single diffractive excitation; electron-proton scattering; di-jets and rapidity gaps; areas of future study; spins and asymmetries; high-transverse momentum and masses at the Tevatron; and disoriented chiral condensates and cosmic radiation.

Albrow, M.G.

1993-09-01

159

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012  

Science.gov (United States)

Each chapter of the 2012 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2011 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by 2-page synopses.

2012-01-01

160

Blois V: Experimental summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author gives a summary talk of the best experimental data given at the Vth Blois Workshop on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering. He addresses the following eight areas in his talk: total and elastic cross sections; single diffractive excitation; electron-proton scattering; di-jets and rapidity gaps; areas of future study; spins and asymmetries; high-transverse momentum and masses at the Tevatron; and disoriented chiral condensates and cosmic radiation

 
 
 
 
161

GLOVEBOX GLOVE CHARACTERIZATION SUMMARY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A task was undertaken to determine primarily the permeation behavior of various glove compounds from four manufacturers. As part of the basic characterization task, the opportunity to obtain additional mechanical and thermal properties presented itself. Consequently, a total of fifteen gloves were characterized for permeation, Thermogravimetric Analysis, Puncture Resistance, Tensile Properties and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis. Detailed reports were written for each characterization technique used. This report contains the summary of the results.

Korinko, P.

2012-05-14

162

Summary and outlook  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 2003, a series of Very Large Volume Neutrino Telescope Workshops (VLVnT) was initiated in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The 5th workshop in this series took place in Erlangen, Germany, between 12–14 October 2011 and focused on the aspects of high-energy neutrino astronomy. In this summary report, an overview of the activities world-wide is presented as well as the perspectives of the field

163

Summary and outlook  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 2003, a series of Very Large Volume Neutrino Telescope Workshops (VLVnT) was initiated in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The 5th workshop in this series took place in Erlangen, Germany, between 12–14 October 2011 and focused on the aspects of high-energy neutrino astronomy. In this summary report, an overview of the activities world-wide is presented as well as the perspectives of the field.

Jong, M. de, E-mail: mjg@nikhef.nl [Nikhef - National Institute for Subatomic Physics, Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); LION - Leiden Institute of Physics, Leiden University, PO Box 9504, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)

2013-10-11

164

Environmental Impact Statement: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP): Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this document is to provide a summary of the environmental impact statement for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) project. The Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the WIPP was published by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in April 1979. This document was reviewed and commented on by members of the general public, private organizations, and governmental agencies. The Final Environmental Impact Statement was subsequently published in October, 1980. This summary is designed to assist decision-maker and interested individuals in reviewing the material presented in the environmental impact statement for the WIPP project. To make this material widely available, this summary is published in both Spanish and English. Additional, more detailed information concerning the environmental and safety consequences of the WIPP project is available in the Final Environmental Impact Statement. Written comments and public hearing comments on the Draft Environmental Impact Statement are available for review. 27 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs

165

Introductory materials for committee members: 1) instructions for the Los Alamos National Laboratory fiscal year 2010 capability reviews 2) NPAC strategic capability planning 3) Summary self-assessment for the nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics an  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses external peer review to measure and continuously improve the quality of its science, technology and engineering (STE). LANL uses capability reviews to assess the STE quality and institutional integration and to advise Laboratory Management on the current and future health of the STE. Capability reviews address the STE integration that LANL uses to meet mission requirements. STE capabilities are define to cut across directorates providing a more holistic view of the STE quality, integration to achieve mission requirements, and mission relevance. The scope of these capabilities necessitate that there will be significant overlap in technical areas covered by capability reviews (e.g., materials research and weapons science and engineering). In addition, LANL staff may be reviewed in different capability reviews because of their varied assignments and expertise. LANL plans to perform a complete review of the Laboratory's STE capabilities (hence staff) in a three-year cycle. The principal product of an external review is a report that includes the review committee's assessments, commendations, and recommendations for STE. The Capability Review Committees serve a dual role of providing assessment of the Laboratory's technical contributions and integration towards its missions and providing advice to Laboratory Management. The assessments and advice are documented in reports prepared by the Capability Review Committees that are delivered to the Director and to the Principal Associate Director for Science, Technology and Engineering (PADSTE). This report will be used by Laboratory Management for STE assessment and planning. The report is also provided to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of LANL's Annual Performance Plan and to the Los Alamos National Security (LANS) LLC's Science and Technology Committee (STC) as part of its responsibilities to the LANS Board of Governors.

Redondo, Antonio [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01

166

Summary of the DPR  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes the Domestic Policy review (DPR) recommendations and the resulting Administration-adopted recommendations in table form. In addition, barriers identified and assumptions used by the panels are listed. A brief history of the Domestic Policy Review and a definition of categories is included.

Easterling, J.; Grace, A.; Kettle, R.

1980-06-01

167

FY 1996 activity summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The US Department of Energy Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety provides nuclear safety policy, independent technical evaluation, and technical support. A summary of these activities is provided in this report. These include: (1) changing the mission of the former production facilities to storage and waste management; (2) stabilizing nuclear materials not recycled due to production cessation or interruptions; (3) reformulating the authorization basis for existing facilities to convert to a standards based approach for operations consistent with modern expectations; and (4) implementing a modern regulatory framework for nuclear facilities. Enforcement of the Price-Anderson Amendments Act is also reported

168

ALICE Physics Summary  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The ALICE experiment at the LHC has collected data in proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76, 7 and 8 TeV, in lead-lead (Pb--Pb) collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV and in proton-lead (p-Pb) collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV. A summary overview of recent experimental physics results obtained by ALICE is presented in this paper with a selection of few representative measurements.

Preghenella Roberto

2013-01-01

169

Summary: gravitation and cosmology  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The XXVI Encontro Nacional de Física de Partículas e Campos (ENFPC: Brazilian National Meeting on Particles and Fields) took place in São Lourenço, MG, Brazil, in October 2005. I was invited to deliver the summary talk on the area of gravitation and cosmology, in which I took the opportunity to brie [...] fly present a historic sketch of the ideas related to relativity, gravitation and cosmology in general, then some admittedly idiosyncratic highlights on current research in the field and an overview of some aspects of the corresponding national situation.

Maurício O., Calvão.

1204-12-01

170

LEAP 1992: Conference summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a summary of the many new results in antiproton (bar p) physics presented at the LEAP '92 conference, in the areas of meson spectroscopy, bar NN scattering, annihilation and spin observables, strangeness and charm production, bar N annihilation in nuclei, atomic physics with very low energy bar p's, the exploration of fundamental symmetries and interactions with bar p (CP, T, CPT, gravitation), and the prospects for new bar p facilities at ultralow energies or energies above the LEAR regime (? 2 GeV/c)

171

LEAP 1992: Conference summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present a summary of the many new results in antiproton ([bar p]) physics presented at the LEAP '92 conference, in the areas of meson spectroscopy, [bar N]N scattering, annihilation and spin observables, strangeness and charm production, [bar N] annihilation in nuclei, atomic physics with very low energy [bar p]'s, the exploration of fundamental symmetries and interactions with [bar p] (CP, T, CPT, gravitation), and the prospects for new [bar p] facilities at ultralow energies or energies above the LEAR regime ([ge] 2 GeV/c).

Dover, C.B.

1992-12-01

172

LEAP 1992: Conference summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present a summary of the many new results in antiproton ({bar p}) physics presented at the LEAP `92 conference, in the areas of meson spectroscopy, {bar N}N scattering, annihilation and spin observables, strangeness and charm production, {bar N} annihilation in nuclei, atomic physics with very low energy {bar p}`s, the exploration of fundamental symmetries and interactions with {bar p} (CP, T, CPT, gravitation), and the prospects for new {bar p} facilities at ultralow energies or energies above the LEAR regime ({ge} 2 GeV/c).

Dover, C.B.

1992-12-01

173

ALICE Physics Summary  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The ALICE experiment at the LHC has collected data in proton-proton (pp collisions at ?s = 0.9, 2.76, 7 and 8 TeV, in lead-lead (Pb-Pb collisions at ?sNN = 2.76 TeV and in proton-lead (p-Pb collisions at ?sNN= 5.02 TeV. A summary overview of recent experimental physics results obtained by ALICE is presented in this paper with a selection of few representative measurements.

Preghenella Roberto

2013-05-01

174

75 FR 76757 - Licensing Support System Advisory Review Panel  

Science.gov (United States)

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Licensing Support System Advisory Review Panel...Notice of renewal of the Charter of the Licensing Support Network Advisory Review Panel...SUMMARY: The Licensing Support System Advisory Review...

2010-12-09

175

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Each chapter of the 2011 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2010 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2011 contains new chapters on iron oxide pigments, wollastonite, and zeolites. The chapters on mica (natural), scrap and flake and mica (natural), sheet have been combined into a single chapter - mica (natural). Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. "Appendix C - Reserves and Resources" has been divided into "Part A - Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals" and "Part B - Sources of Reserves Data," including some information that was previously in this introduction. A directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the MCS 2011 are welcomed.

U.S. Geological Survey

2011-01-01

176

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2010  

Science.gov (United States)

Each chapter of the 2010 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2009 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. National reserves information for most mineral commodities found in this report, including those for the United States, are derived from a variety of sources. The ideal source of such information would be comprehensive evaluations that apply the same criteria to deposits in different geographic areas and report the results by country. In the absence of such evaluations, national reserves estimates compiled by countries for selected mineral commodities are a primary source of national reserves information. Lacking national assessment information by governments, sources such as academic articles, company reports, presentations by company representatives, and trade journal articles, or a combination of these, serve as the basis for national reserves information reported in the mineral commodity sections of this publication. A national estimate may be assembled from the following: historically reported reserves information carried for years without alteration because no new information is available; historically reported reserves reduced by the amount of historical production; and company reported reserves. International minerals availability studies conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM), before 1996, and estimates of identified resources by an international collaborative effort (the International Strategic Minerals Inventory) are the basis for some reserves estimates. The USGS collects information about the quantity and quality of mineral resources but does not directly measure reserves, and companies or governments do not directly report reserves to the USGS. Reassessment of reserves is a continuing process, and the intensity of this process differs for mineral commodities, countries, and time period. Throughout the history of Mineral Commodity Summaries and its predecessor prior to 1978, Commodity Data Summaries, the presentation of resource data has evolved. Although world resources have been discussed each year, presentation of reserves and reserve base data varied. From 1957 through 1979, only reserves information was published in the reports, but from 1980 through 1987, only estimates of reserve base, a concept introduced by the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) and the USGS in 1980, were published. Beginning in 1988, both reserves and reserve base information were listed for each mineral commodity where applicable and available. Prior to 1996, the minerals availability studies conducted by the USBM and work with international collaborators were the basis for reserve base data reported in Mineral Commodity Summaries. When the USBM was closed in 1996, this function was discontinued. Since that time, reserve base estimates have been updated to be consistent with changes in reserves, but the nonreserves component of the information upon which the reserve base data were estimated is not current enough to support defensible reserve base estimates. For that reason, publication of reserve base estimates was discontinued for Mineral Commodity Summaries 2010. Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. A resource/reserve classification for minerals, based on USGS Circular 831 (published with the U.S. Bureau of Mines) is Appendix C, and a directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually st

U.S. Geological Survey

2010-01-01

177

Summaries of experiments, modelling, and development  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The primary objective of the workshop was to review the status of pellet injection fueling experiments, compare the various pellet injector technologies, and identify techniques required to meet the future pellet fueling needs. As a means to identify and address key issues during the workshop, an evaluation panel was assigned to major sessions. This panel was tasked with the responsibility of summarizing key issues as they relate to the fusion community. Summaries are presented for: energy confinement and transport, particle confinement and fueling, pellet ablation, and pellet injection development. Results of the evaluation panel are presented in a narrative or table format

178

Progress summary of the Chernobyl accident  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on two IAEA documents (the report of the USSR State Committee on the Utilization of Atomic Energy named 'The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and its consequences' prepared for the IAEA Experts Meeting held in Vienna on 25-29 August, 1986 and the INSAG (International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group) summary report on the Post-accident review meeting on the Chernobyl accident, drawn up in Vienna from August 30 until September 5, 1986, this publication tries to present a logic relation between the special features of the RMBK-1000 LWGR, the cause of the accident, and the technical countermeasures. (Auth.)

179

International Working Group on Fast Reactors Eight Annual Meeting, Vienna, Austria, 15-18 April 1975. Summary Report. Part II  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Eighth Annual Meeting of the IAEA International Working Group on Past Reactors was held at the IAEA Headquarters in Vienna, Austria, from 15 to 18 April 1975. The Summary Report (Part I) contains the Minutes of the Meeting. The Summary Report (Part II) contains the papers which review the national programmes in the field of LMPBR’s and other presentations at the Meeting. The Summary Report (Part III) contains the discussions on the review of the national programmes

180

Summary: Working Group on QCD and Strong Interactions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this summary of the considerations of the QCD working group at Snowmass 2001, the roles of quantum chromodynamics in the Standard Model and in the search for new physics are reviewed, with empahsis on frontier areas in the field. We discuss the importance of, and prospects for, precision QCD in perturbative and lattice calculations. We describe new ideas in the analysis of parton distribution functions and jet structure, and review progress in small-x and in polarization experiments.

Edmond L. Berger et al.

2002-12-23

 
 
 
 
181

Summary status of K Basins sludge characterization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A number of activities are underway as part of the Spent Nuclear Fuels Project (SNFP) related to the processing and disposing of sludge in the 105-K Basins (K Basins). Efforts to rigorously define data requirements for these activities are being made using the Data Quality Objectives (DQO) process. Summaries of current sludge characterization data are required to both help support this DQO process and to allow continued progress with on-going engineering activities (e.g., evaluations of disposal alternatives). This document provides the status of K Basins sludge characterization data currently available to the Nuclear Fuel Evaluations group. This group is tasked by the SNFP to help develop and maintain the characterization baseline for the K Basins. The specific objectives of this document are to: (1) provide a current summary (and set of references) of sludge characterization data for use by SNFP initiatives, to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort and to support on-going initiatives; (2) submit these data to an open forum for review and comment, and identify additional sources of significant data that may be available; (3) provide a summary of current data to use as part of the basis to develop requirements for additional sludge characterization data through the DQO process; (4) provide an overview of the intended activities that will be used to develop and maintain the sludge characterization baseline

182

Information about core melt-down. Final summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary of the work done for the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate. The report is to a large extent a review and an evaluvation of existing information. Special attention is payed to some important phases of the meltdown process, viz meltingprocesses, hydrogen production, steam expolosions and fission product release and transport. (L.E.)

183

The impact of broadband in schools: Summary report  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Summary of the report, which reviews evidence for the impact of broadband in English schools, exploring; variations in provision in level of broadband connectivity. Links between the level of broadband activity and nationally accessible performance data; aspects of broadband connectivity and the school environment that contribute to better outcomes for pupils and teachers; academic and motivational benefits associated with educational uses of this technology.

Underwood, Jean; Ault, Alison; Banyard, Phil; Bird, Karen; Dillon, Gayle; Hayes, Mary; Selwood, Ian; Somekh, Bridget; Twining, Peter

2005-01-01

184

Declining Enrollments: The Challenge of the Coming Decade. Summary Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

A summary of the National Institute of Education's anthology by the same title, this publication reviews 13 articles that discuss current shifts in school enrollment and their impact on the educational system. Topics covered include the demographic background to declining enrollments; the fiscal effects of decline; the management of decline;…

Abramowitz, Susan; Rosenfeld, Stuart

185

INTRODUCTION Summary of Papers Summary of Papers  

Science.gov (United States)

Turbulent mixing is the generic name for processes by which two initially distinct fluids tend towards a homogeneous substance under the action of a vigorous stirring agent. The fluids may be miscible or immiscible, their molecular diffusivities may be comparable or disparate, they may be in single phase or multiphase, and may be contained in simple or complex geometries. Moreover, the thermodynamic and fluid dynamic conditions may be different: incompressible or compressible, low or high speeds, with the dominant stirring mechanism arising from buoyancy, shear or inertial effects. Each of these circumstances has its physical characteristics and requires specific mathematical tools of investigation, but there are also some generic features. Turbulent mixing is an intellectually challenging problem in terms of the underlying physics as well as the tools needed to describe, simulate and predict it. The understanding of turbulent mixing is important since it occurs in numerous and diverse circumstances, involving elementary and idealized flows, on the one hand, and a variety of complex flows in technological applications, on the other. Mixing occurs in many contexts such as inertial confinement, magnetic fusion and non-equilibrium heat transport, material transformation under the action of high strain rates, strong shocks, explosions, blast waves, supernovae and accretion disks, stellar non-Boussinesq and magneto-convection, planetary interiors in astrophysics, mantle-lithosphere tectonics, volcanic eruptions, atmospheric and oceanographic flows in geophysics, premixed and non-premixed combustion, unsteady boundary layers, pollution transport in urban areas, as well as hypersonic and supersonic flows in aerodynamics. A deep understanding of turbulent mixing requires one to go above and beyond studies of canonical turbulence, and include walls, non-equilibrium situations, interfaces, strong and isolated vortices, combustion, and so forth. In this article we briefly review various aspects of Turbulent Mixing that were discussed at the Second International Conference and Advanced School 'Turbulent Mixing and Beyond', TMB-2009, held in summer 2009 at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy. The papers are arranged by TMB themes and within each theme they are ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author, with tutorials following research contributions. Canonical turbulence and turbulent mixing. The theme of canonical turbulence and turbulent mixing is considered by several authors. Casciola et al investigate the dynamics of inertial particles dispersed in a turbulent jet and compare their numerical modeling results with the classical similarity theory of the jet far-field. Remarkable agreement is found between the theory and the direct numerical simulations (DNS), including decay of Stokes numbers with the distance from the origin, self-similarity of the mean axial particle velocity profile, etc. Nagata considers complex turbulent flows, which are known to exhibit no linear critical point for the laminar states, and which are linearly stable at finite Reynolds numbers. Square duct flow and sliding Couette flow in an annulus are considered and nonlinear traveling-wave states are found for the flows with the use of the homotopy approach developed by the author. These states may constitute a skeleton around which a time-dependent trajectory in the phase space is organized. Teitelbaum and Mininni study a decaying 3D incompressible turbulence, which mimicks turbulent mixing in geophysical flows, with rotation rendering the flow anisotropic at large scales. The authors analyze three DNS results (without and with rotation, and with helicity), observe a decoupling of the modes normal to the rotation axis, and show that the helicity decreases the decay rate of turbulence. Wang and Peters investigate the structure of turbulence by studying strain rates of various scalars, including a passive scalar, a velocity component, turbulent kinetic energy and dissipation rate. The analyses

Gauthier, Serge; Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Sreenivasan, Katepalli R.

2010-12-01

186

General overview and summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main activities of the IAEA in fulfilment of the recommendations of the previous Advisory Group Meeting (AGM) to review experience with WASP and its methodology is described in this paper. The conclusions and recommendations of this AGM are also summarized

187

Brown dwarfs: conference summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some of the major observational and theoretical issues in the study of brown dwarfs are reviewed. The paper summarizes the work presented to the workshop on ''Astrophysics of brown dwarfs'', Virginia, USA, 1985. It is concluded that all of the unseen local disk matter could be in the form of brown dwarfs without conflicting with any available observations. (author)

188

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2009  

Science.gov (United States)

Each chapter of the 2009 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2008 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. Because specific information concerning committed inventory was no longer available from the Defense Logistics Agency, National Defense Stockpile Center, that information, which was included in earlier Mineral Commodity Summaries publications, has been deleted from Mineral Commodity Summaries 2009. National reserves and reserve base information for most mineral commodities found in this report, including those for the United States, are derived from a variety of sources. The ideal source of such information would be comprehensive evaluations that apply the same criteria to deposits in different geographic areas and report the results by country. In the absence of such evaluations, national reserves and reserve base estimates compiled by countries for selected mineral commodities are a primary source of national reserves and reserve base information. Lacking national assessment information by governments, sources such as academic articles, company reports, common business practice, presentations by company representatives, and trade journal articles, or a combination of these, serve as the basis for national reserves and reserve base information reported in the mineral commodity sections of this publication. A national estimate may be assembled from the following: historically reported reserves and reserve base information carried for years without alteration because no new information is available; historically reported reserves and reserve base reduced by the amount of historical production; and company reported reserves. International minerals availability studies conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Mines, before 1996, and estimates of identified resources by an international collaborative effort (the International Strategic Minerals Inventory) are the basis for some reserves and reserve base estimates. The USGS collects information about the quantity and quality of mineral resources but does not directly measure reserves, and companies or governments do not directly report reserves or reserve base to the USGS. Reassessment of reserves and reserve base is a continuing process, and the intensity of this process differs for mineral commodities, countries, and time period. Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. A resource/reserve classification for minerals, based on USGS Circular 831 (published with the U.S. Bureau of Mines) is Appendix C, and a directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the MCS 2009 are welcomed.

U.S. Geological Survey

2009-01-01

189

Fuel Assembly Damping Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper summary the fuel assembly damping data in air/in still water/under flow, released from foreign fuel vendors, compared our data with the published data. Some technical issues in fuel assembly damping measurement testing are also briefly discussed. Understanding of each fuel assembly damping mechanisms according to the surrounding medium and flow velocity can support the fuel design improvement in fuel assembly dynamics and structural integrity aspect. Because the upgraded requirements of the newly-developed advanced reactor system will demands to minimize fuel design margin in integrity evaluation, reduction in conservatism of fuel assembly damping can contribute to alleviate the fuel design margin for sure. Damping is an energy dissipation mechanism in a vibrating mechanical structure and prevents a resonant structure from having infinite vibration amplitudes. The sources of fuel assembly damping are various from support friction to flow contribution, and it can be increased by the viscosity or drag of surrounding fluid medium or the average velocity of water flowing. Fuel licensing requires fuel design evaluation in transient or accidental condition. Dynamic response analysis of fuel assembly is to show fuel integrity and requires information on assembly-wise damping in dry condition and under wet or water flowing condition. However, damping measurement test for the full-scale fuel assembly prototype is not easy to carry out because of the scale (fuel prototype, test facility), unsteadiness of test data (scattering, random sampling and processing), instrumentation under water flowing (water-proof response measurement), and noise. LWR fuel technology division in KAERI is preparing the infra structure for damping measurement test of full-scale fuel assembly, to support fuel industries and related research activities. Here is a preliminary summary of fuel assembly damping, published in the literature. Some technical issues in fuel assembly damping measurement testing under flow are also briefly discussed. Fuel assembly damping is an essential parameter to determine fuel assembly dynamic behavior in operating or accidental core. Dry damping coefficient from the out-pile pluck testing was used for the accident analysis model in conservative and simplified manner. But, this is way lower than wet or under-flow damping

190

Conference Summary & Outlook  

Science.gov (United States)

This timely meeting (appropriately held in Toru?, the “city of Copernicus”) provided an excellent venue for researchers to review the theoretical and observational progress in the intervening years, share recent results, and make preparations for progress in the quests to learn whether our Solar System is typical and to understand how our own Solar System relates to the rest of the Universe. It had been nearly six years since the last major scientific meeting focusing soley on multiple planet systems and planets in multiple star systems in Saas Fee, Switzerland during September of 2002 (Udry et al. 2006). Here I review some of the observational and theoretical progress in understanding multi-body systems reported in Toru?.

Ford, E. B.

2010-04-01

191

Constellation Commodities Studies Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

Constellation program was NASA's long-term program for space exploration. The goal of the commodities studies was to solicit industry expertise in production, storage, and transportation required for future use and to improve efficiency and life cycle cost over legacy methods. Objectives were to consolidate KSC, CCAFS and other requirements; extract available industry expertise; identify commercial opportunities; and establish synergy with State of Florida partnerships. Study results are reviewed.

Dirschka, Eric

2011-01-01

192

Mineral commodity summaries 2013  

Science.gov (United States)

Each chapter of the 2013 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2012 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. “Appendix C—Reserves and Resources” includes “Part A—Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals” and “Part B—Sources of Reserves Data.” A directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the MCS 2013 are welcomed.

U.S. Geological Survey

2013-01-01

193

Mineral commodity summaries 2014  

Science.gov (United States)

Each chapter of the 2014 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2013 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. For mineral commodities for which there is a Government stockpile, detailed information concerning the stockpile status is included in the two-page synopsis. Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. “Appendix C—Reserves and Resources” includes “Part A—Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals” and “Part B—Sources of Reserves Data.” A directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the MCS 2014 are welcomed.

U.S. Geological Survey

2014-01-01

194

CANDU 6 technical summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CANDU nuclear power stations have consistently proven to be competitive with other types of nuclear power plants, while offering unique advantages to their operators. Some of the design features and unique characteristics of the CANDU reactor are: a reactor core comprising several hundred small diameter fuel channels rather than one huge pressure vessel; heavy water (D2O) for moderator and coolant; separate low pressure moderator and high pressure fuel cooling systems; on-power refuelling; reactivity devices that are located in the cool low pressure moderator, and not subjected to high temperatures or pressures; natural uranium fuel or other low fissile content fuel; reduced consequences from accidental reactivity fluctuations; excess reactivity available from the fuel is small and the relatively long lifetime of prompt neutrons in the reactor precludes rapid changes in power levels; two fully capable safety shutdown systems, independent from each other and the reactor regulating system. This Technical Summary provides an overview of the CANDU 6 nuclear power system. All CANDU 6 power plants are fundamentally the same, although there are differences in detail: these largely result from different site conditions, and from improvements made in the newer designs. The evolution of CANDU 6 is illustrated in the inside back cover. (author)

195

Lessons learnt from promising practices in community engagement for the elimination of new HIV infections in children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive: summary of a desk review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Through The Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive, leaders have called for broader action to strengthen the involvement of communities. The Global Plan aspires to reduce new HIV infections among children by 90 percent, and to reduce AIDS-related maternal mortality by half. This article summarizes the results of a review commissioned by UNAIDS to help inform stakeholders on promising practices in community...

Laurie Ackerman Gulaid; Karusa Kiragu

2012-01-01

196

40 CFR 68.155 - Executive summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Executive summary. 68.155 Section 68...Management Plan § 68.155 Executive summary. The owner or operator shall provide in the RMP an executive summary that includes a brief...

2010-07-01

197

Microsoft Word - ExecutiveSummary_constructionanddemolitionwastesurvey.doc  

...Construction and Demolition Waste Survey: Executive Summary CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION WASTE SURVEY...AND DEMOLITION WASTE SURVEY 2001 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Enviros was commi ssioned by...Construction and Demolition Waste Survey: Executive Summary 64% of respondent landfill operators...

198

Research and Technology Objectives and Plans Summary (RTOPS)  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication represents the NASA research and technology program for FY-93. It is a compilation of the Summary portions of each of the RTOP's (Research and Technology Objectives and Plans) used for management review and control of research currently in progress throughout NASA. The RTOP Summary is designed to facilitate communication and coordination among concerned technical personnel in government, in industry, and in universities. The first section containing citations and abstracts of the RTOP's is followed by four indexes: Subject, Technical Monitor, Responsible NASA Organization, and RTOP Number.

1993-01-01

199

Summary and Conclusions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This section summarizes the presentations and Panel discussions of the 4 technical sessions of the workshop: 1 - Regulatory cooperation on generic and design specific issues, MDEP working groups (EPR, AP1000), vendor inspection co-operation, digital I and C, and codes and standards (7 presentations); 2 - Regulatory positions on siting practices and enhancements as a result of lessons learned from Fukushima accident (5 presentations); 3 - Construction experience and regulatory oversight of new reactor construction activities (6 presentations); 4 - Lessons learned from regulatory licensing reviews of new reactor designs (6 presentations). The main workshop conclusions are listed as follows: - Harmonization is a long term goal and significant progress has been made. However, this long term objective needs to be associated with short term measurable steps; - MDEP approach to tackle on one side with specific technical subjects, and to strive harmonisation on generic topics was considered appropriate; - Convergence on technical requirements is more realistic than harmonization of codes and standard; - Beneficial early engagement of different stakeholders specially at the siting stage has been acknowledged; - Need to characterise the hazards and to keep updated the safety assessment (PSR); - Land use issues are important particularly after Fukushima; - Commissioning aspects (e.g. training aspects for inspectors) should be addressed by WGRNR taking into account MDEP interaction; - Importance of WGRNR ConEx Programme: construction experience sharing is a leverage for quality and so for a future safe operation of NPPs; - Capability of licensee to follow the responsibility of design changes (could be an issue for small utilities); - Importance of Periodic Safety Reviews to review and account for the design. Finally, the WGRNR has convened that a third conference should be held in about two years time (2014- 2015)

200

Scientific Opinion on Review of the European Union Summary Report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks—Terms of reference 2 to 7  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW Panel of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA has evaluated the European Union Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-borne Outbreaks by EFSA and ECDC (the report with regard to data needs and subsequent analyses that will minimise the impact of existing data gaps and inconsistencies. Specific assessments performed for bovine tuberculosis, echinococcosis, Q fever, brucellosis, rabies, cysticercosis and tularaemia show that the report gives an accurate picture of the epidemiological situation for the infections which have an EU harmonised monitoring system. Generally the data analysis is descriptive; further analysis for specific purposes and quantification of the trends should be considered. Specific information for each disease should contain (i a clear case definition, (ii a clear description of sampling techniques and diagnostic tests used, (iii relevant epidemiological characteristics and (iv relevant control measures or surveillance. Prioritisation of diseases from a public health viewpoint is not in the remit of the AHAW Panel. Proposed criteria to assess the value of including additional diseases in the report are (1 the disease is reported regularly in animals and humans in some EU Member States; (2 the disease is considered a serious public health issue; and (3 monitoring in animals is epidemiologically justifiable. The first two criteria are inclusion criteria; the third is used to prioritise diseases for inclusion in the report. The last section of the opinion addresses the value of the data included in the report for AHAW risk assessment. Their usefulness is often compromised by missing case definition, insufficient metadata or outdated data. It is recommended that data needs are further analysed to improve the preparedness of the AHAW Panel to answer risk questions, via some readily available and stable data as well as good knowledge of ad-hoc data models and sources throughout the EU.

EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Long term performance session summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents brief summaries of reports given on plutonium disposal. Topics include: performance of waste forms; glass leaching; ceramic leaching; safeguards and security issues; safeguards of vitrification; and proliferation risks of geologic disposal.

Hanauer, S.

1996-05-01

202

Accelerator technology working group summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary is presented of workshop deliberations on basic scaling, the economic viability of laser drive power for HEP accelerators, the availability of electron beam injectors for near-term experiments, and a few very general remarks on technology issues

203

Summary of the accelerator sessions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document gives a summary of the accelerator sessions at this conference. The nine accelerator sessions were attended by about 30 delegates, who heard 26 papers covering both development of the existing sources and design considerations for future ones

204

Operating reactors licensing actions summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Operating Reactors Licensing Actions Summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors

205

Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL) provides brief summaries of several hundred safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Events are described under the categories of bomb-related, intrusion, missing and/or allegedly stolen, transportation, vandalism, arson, firearms, radiological sabotage and miscellaneous. The information contained in the event descriptions is derived primarily from official NRC reporting channels

206

Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL) provides brief summaries of several hundred safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Events are described under the categories of bomb-related, intrusion, missing and/or allegedly stolen, transportation, tampering/vandalism, arson, firearms, radiological sabotage and miscellaneous. The information contained in the event descriptions is derived primarily from official NRC reporting channels

207

Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL) provides brief summaries of several hundred safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Events are described under the categories of bomb-related, intrusion, missing and/or allegedly stolen, transportation, vandalism, arson, firearms, sabotage and miscellaneous. The information contained in the event descriptions is derived primarily from official NRC reporting channels

208

Extracting Diagnoses from Discharge Summaries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We have developed a program for extracting the diagnoses and procedures from the past medical history and discharge diagnoses sections in the discharge summary of a case and coding these using SNOMED-CT in the UMLS. The program uses a limited amount of natural language processing. Rather, it makes use of the relatively standard structure of the discharge summary, a small dictionary to divide the text into phrases, and the extensive collection of phrases for concepts in the U...

Long, William

2005-01-01

209

Regulatory licensing. Status summary report, May 1-May 31, 1983. Volume 12  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This management report, Regulatory Licensing Status Summary Report, is designed to provide the necessary information for controlling the progress of review processes for central station nuclear reactor applications. Section I of this edition consists of the three summary of accomplishments, the new application forecast for OL's and CP's, and an abbreviation key. Section II represents the main body of the report and consists of the facility information. All OL's are listed first, followed by CP's, standard design reviews, other reviews, and finally, a non-power reactor summary. Each project consists of general facility data, current status for all phases of the review, and targeted and actual completion dates for all key milestones in the review

210

EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ); Scientific Opinion on a review on the European Union Summary reports on trends and sources zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2009 and 2010 – specifically for the data on Salmonella, Campylobacter, verotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and foodborne outbreaks  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The European Union (EU) Summary Reports on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2009 and 2010 – specifically for the data on Salmonella, Campylobacter, verotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and foodborne outbreaks was reviewed. The main conclusions and recommendations are reported. Comparison between EU Member States (MSs) was found to be difficult due to the differences of the methods used, sampling schemes and reporting systems. Methods, sampling schemes and reporting systems among MSs should therefore be harmonised. When comparing MS-specific trends, the impact of sample sizes, weight of samples and methodologies should be considered, as these variables could otherwise lead to misinterpretation of the data. Incidence data alone do not provide a full picture of the public health burden of zoonotic diseases. Fatalities provide another important insight. Ultimately, summary measures of public health such as disability adjusted life years (DALYs) and cost-of-illness estimates should be presented. Travel information was found to be still incomplete in many MSs. For many pathogens this hampers source attribution. To better understand the public health problems related to food and animal sources in the EU, it is desirable to differentiate between travel within and outside the EU. This would also be useful to better evaluate the public health impact of EU-wide food safety measures. Whenever possible the data/results should be analysed using proper statistical tools. When data do not allow for this, the text should be kept to presenting the data without implying any patterns or trends.

Hald, Tine

2012-01-01

211

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2008  

Science.gov (United States)

Each chapter of the 2008 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, 5-year salient statistics, and world production and resources. The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2007 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by two-page synopses. National reserves and reserve base information for most mineral commodities found in this report, including those for the United States, are derived from a variety of sources. The ideal source of such information would be comprehensive evaluations that apply the same criteria to deposits in different geographic areas and report the results by country. In the absence of such evaluations, national reserves and reserve base estimates compiled by countries for selected mineral commodities are a primary source of national reserves and reserve base information. Lacking national assessment information by governments, sources such as academic articles, company reports, common business practice, presentations by company representatives, and trade journal articles, or a combination of these, serve as the basis for national reserves and reserve base information reported in the mineral commodity sections of this publication. A national estimate may be assembled from the following: historically reported reserves and reserve base information carried for years without alteration because no new information is available; historically reported reserves and reserve base reduced by the amount of historical production; and company reported reserves. International minerals availability studies conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Mines, before 1996, and estimates of identified resources by an international collaborative effort (the International Strategic Minerals Inventory) are the basis for some reserves and reserve base estimates. The USGS collects information about the quantity and quality of mineral resources but does not directly measure reserves, and companies or governments do not directly report reserves or reserve base to the USGS. Reassessment of reserves and reserve base is a continuing process and the intensity of this process differs for mineral commodities, countries, and time period. Abbreviations and units of measure, and definitions of selected terms used in the report, are in Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. A resource/reserve classification for minerals, based on USGS Circular 831 (published with the U.S. Bureau of Mines) is Appendix C, and a directory of USGS minerals information country specialists and their responsibilities is Appendix D. The USGS continually strives to improve the value of its publications to users. Constructive comments and suggestions by readers of the MCS 2008 are welcomed.

U.S. Geological Survey

2008-01-01

212

Quaero: Motivation, Summary, Status  

CERN Document Server

Quaero is a web-based tool that automates high-pT analyses. It has been designed with the goals of expunging exclusion contours from conference talks, obviating the necessity of "uncorrecting" experimental results, reducing human bias in experimental measurements, reducing by orders of magnitude the time required to perform analyses, allowing the publication of collider data in their full dimensionality, rigorously propagating systematic errors, dramatically increasing the robustness of experimental results, and facilitating the combination of results among different experiments. Quaero has been used to make a subset of D0 Run I data publicly available, and is being explored as a means of putting LEP data at your fingertips. These proceedings review the motivation for Quaero, summarize the key enabling ideas, and provide a snapshot of the project's present status.

Knuteson, B

2003-01-01

213

Creating artificial reefs from decommissioned platforms in the North Sea: review of knowledge and proposed programme of research. Vol. 1 of a 2 vol. report. Summary of the main report, with an executive overview  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the continuing debate on the decommissioning and disposal of North Sea oil and gas platforms, the use of redundant structures as artificial reefs remains an untried possibility. It has been suggested that selected, clean, inert steel components could be used to create offshore reefs to attract finfish, to the benefit fisheries and fishermen. This might be an innovative and cost-effective use of these ``materials and opportunity``, and therefore should be examined more fully before the predicted 20-30 year period of steady decommissioning activity in the North Sea begins in earnest. This report relates on reviewing the use and effectiveness of artificial reefs, summarize existing knowledge of the reef effect of North Sea platforms, outline possible scenarios for the creation and exploitation of platform reefs in the North Sea, highlight gaps in knowledge, and to propose programmes of work to study the reef effect at an inshore and an offshore site in the North Sea. 5 tabs.

Aabel, Jens Petter; Cripps, Simon; Jensen, Antony; Picken, Gordon

1997-12-31

214

ENDF-201, ENDF/B-VI summary documentation supplement 1, ENDF/HE-VI summary documentation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) provides coordination for and serves as the secretariat to the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSWEG). CSEWG is responsible for the oversight of the ENDF/B Evaluated Nuclear Data File. All data are checked and reviewed by CSEWG, and the file is maintained at the NNDC. For a description of the ENDF/B-VI file, see the ENDF-102 Data Formats and Procedures for the Evaluated Nuclear Data File ENDF-6. The purpose of this addendum to the ENDF/B-VI Summary Documentation is to provide documentation of Releases 1, 2, 3, and 4 for the ENDF/B-VI and ENDF/HE-VI evaluated nuclear data libraries. These releases contain many new and revised evaluations for the neutron, photo-atomic interaction, radioactive decay data, spontaneous fission product yield, neutron-induced fission product yield, thermal neutron scattering, proton, deuteron, and triton sublibraries. The summaries have been extracted mainly from the ENDF/B-VI File 1 comments (MT = 451), which have been checked, edited, and may also include supplementary information. Some summaries have been provided by the evaluators in electronic format, while others are extracted from reports on the evaluations. All references have been checked and corrected, or updated where appropriate. A list of the laboratories which have contributed evaluations used in ENDF/B-VI is given.

McLane, V.

1996-12-01

215

ENDF-201, ENDF/B-VI summary documentation supplement 1, ENDF/HE-VI summary documentation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) provides coordination for and serves as the secretariat to the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSWEG). CSEWG is responsible for the oversight of the ENDF/B Evaluated Nuclear Data File. All data are checked and reviewed by CSEWG, and the file is maintained at the NNDC. For a description of the ENDF/B-VI file, see the ENDF-102 Data Formats and Procedures for the Evaluated Nuclear Data File ENDF-6. The purpose of this addendum to the ENDF/B-VI Summary Documentation is to provide documentation of Releases 1, 2, 3, and 4 for the ENDF/B-VI and ENDF/HE-VI evaluated nuclear data libraries. These releases contain many new and revised evaluations for the neutron, photo-atomic interaction, radioactive decay data, spontaneous fission product yield, neutron-induced fission product yield, thermal neutron scattering, proton, deuteron, and triton sublibraries. The summaries have been extracted mainly from the ENDF/B-VI File 1 comments (MT = 451), which have been checked, edited, and may also include supplementary information. Some summaries have been provided by the evaluators in electronic format, while others are extracted from reports on the evaluations. All references have been checked and corrected, or updated where appropriate. A list of the laboratories which have contributed evaluations used in ENDF/B-VI is given

216

Engineering Annual Summary 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Unlike most research and development laboratories, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is responsible for delivering production-ready designs. Unlike most industry, LLNL is responsible for R and D that must significantly increase the nation's security. This rare combination of production engineering expertise and national R and D agenda identifies LLNL as one of the few organizations today that conducts cutting-edge engineering on grand-scale problems, while facing enormous technical risk and undergoing diligent scrutiny of its budget, schedule, and performance. On the grand scale, cutting-edge technologies are emerging from our recent ventures into ''Xtreme Engineering{trademark}.'' Basically, we must integrate and extend technologies concurrently and then push them to their extreme, such as building very large structures but aligning them with extreme precision. As we extend these technologies, we push the boundaries of engineering capabilities at both poles: microscale and ultrascale. Today, in the ultrascale realm, we are building NIF, the world's largest laser, which demands one of the world's most complex operating systems with 9000 motors integrated through over 500 computers to control 60,000 points for every laser shot. On the other pole, we have fabricated the world's smallest surgical tools and the smallest instruments for detecting biological and chemical agents used by antiterrorists. Later in this Annual Summary, we highlight some of our recent innovations in the area of Xtreme Engineering, including large-scale computer simulations of massive structures such as major bridges to prepare retrofitting designs to withstand earthquakes. Another feature is our conceptual breakthrough in developing the world's fastest airplane, HyperSoar, which can reach anywhere in the planet in two hours at speeds of 6700 mph. In the last few years, Engineering has significantly pushed the technology in structural mechanics and micro-instrumentation. For example, our DYNA code is widely used both by government and industry to model the behavior of structures under large deformation conditions, such as automobile and aircraft collisions. Today, our codes have expanded to run on the world's most powerful Tflop/s class computer, in the massively parallel, coupled/-multi-physics domain. More recently, in microtechnology, we have been designing and fabricating unique microinstruments using lithographic processing. Building on Engineering's pioneering work in precision engineering, we are now able to fabricate complete biomedical and biochemical instruments, often at far less than one-tenth size, with improved performance over current ''state-of-the-art'' laboratory instruments. These developments are helping us make unique contributions in the fields of proximal and remote sensing related to nonproliferation and counterproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (such as nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) and in biotechnology, where we actively support LLNL's significant involvement in human genome sequencing.

Dimolitsas, S

1999-05-01

217

Instrumentation Working Group Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

The Instrumentation Working Group compiled a summary of measurement techniques applicable to gas turbine engine aerosol precursors and particulates. An assessment was made of the limits, accuracy, applicability, and technology readiness of the various techniques. Despite advances made in emissions characterization of aircraft engines, uncertainties still exist in the mechanisms by which aerosols and particulates are produced in the near-field engine exhaust. To adequately assess current understanding of the formation of sulfuric acid aerosols in the exhaust plumes of gas turbine engines, measurements are required to determine the degree and importance of sulfur oxidation in the turbine and at the engine exit. Ideally, concentrations of all sulfur species would be acquired, with emphasis on SO2 and SO3. Numerous options exist for extractive and non-extractive measurement of SO2 at the engine exit, most of which are well developed. SO2 measurements should be performed first to place an upper bound on the percentage of SO2 oxidation. If extractive and non-extractive techniques indicate that a large amount of the fuel sulfur is not detected as SO2, then efforts are needed to improve techniques for SO3 measurements. Additional work will be required to account for the fuel sulfur in the engine exhaust. Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry (CI-MS) measurements need to be pursued, although a careful assessment needs to be made of the sampling line impact on the extracted sample composition. Efforts should also be placed on implementing non-intrusive techniques and extending their capabilities by maximizing exhaust coverage for line-of-sight measurements, as well as development of 2-D techniques, where feasible. Recommendations were made to continue engine exit and combustor measurements of particulates. Particulate measurements should include particle size distribution, mass fraction, hydration properties, and volatile fraction. However, methods to ensure that unaltered samples are obtained need to be developed. Particulate speciation was also assigned a high priority for quantifying the fractions of carbon soot, PAH, refractory materials, metals, sulfates, and nitrates. High priority was also placed on performing a comparison of particle sizing instruments. Concern was expressed by the workshop attendees who routinely make particulate measurements about the variation in number density measured during in-flight tests by different instruments. In some cases, measurements performed by different groups of researchers during the same flight tests showed an order of magnitude variation. Second priority was assigned to measuring concentrations of odd hydrogen and oxidizing species. Since OH, HO2, H2O2, and O are extremely reactive, non-extractive measurements are recommended. A combination of absorption and fluorescence is anticipated to be effective for OH measurements in the combustor and at the engine exit. Extractive measurements of HO2 have been made in the stratosphere, where the ambient level of OH is relatively low. Use of techniques that convert HO2 to OH for combustor and engine exit measurements needs to be evaluated, since the ratio of HO2/OH may be 1% or less at both the combustor and engine exit. CI-MS might be a viable option for H2O2, subject to sampling line conversion issues. However, H2O2 is a low priority oxidizing species in the combustor and at the engine exit. Two candidates for atomic oxygen measurements are Resonance Enhanced Multi-Photon Ionization (REMPI) and Laser-Induced Fluorescence (LIF). Particulate measurement by simultaneous extractive and non-extractive techniques was given equal priority to the oxidizer measurements. Concern was expressed over the ability of typical ground test sampling lines to deliver an unaltered sample to a remotely located instrument. It was suggested that the sampling probe and line losses be checked out by attempting measurements using an optical or non-extractive technique immediately upstream of the sampling probe. This is a possible application for Laser Induced Incandesc

Zaller, Michelle; Miake-Lye, Richard

1999-01-01

218

Engineering Annual Summary 1999  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1999, Engineering at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory faced competing priorities to meet critical project milestones, insistent pressures to restructure internally to promote long-term technological growth, and immediate demands to reassign employees as major projects terminated and new ones emerged. This drive for change occurred among an unprecedented level of turmoil within the nuclear weapons design and manufacturing community. I believe the technical problems were more demanding this year and the environment within which they were accomplished more challenging, pushing us to accomplish more during greater turbulence than any other time in my tenure here. I am pleased to report that we met many key milestones and achieved numerous technological breakthroughs. In the project support areas, demands presented by our customers shifted significantly over the year. In the lasers area, we continued the detailed designs for the over $1 billion National Ignition Facility (NIF) super laser, paving the way for the procurement of components and structures for what is probably the largest high-tech construction project in the world. This work was undertaken in an environment of significant management and structural changes, with increased reporting requirements from the Department of Energy, starting in the middle of 1999. Despite these changes, our technical progress since 1995 has resulted in a 5000-fold improvement in the performance/cost characteristics of NIF--only a factor of 2 away from where we need to get. In the defense area, we delivered the first production unit of the refurbished W87 weapon, on schedule, for eventual delivery to the Air Force. Also in the defense area, we developed and implemented a new philosophy for conducting underground materials testing using expendable containment vessels. This allowed us to increase our test throughput rate six-fold and simultaneously reduce cost by a commensurate amount. The first two tests were conducted with a 100 percent data capture rate. came to an end. Within an intense three-month period, Engineering effectively transitioned its 150 employees working on this project to other Laboratory projects. We leveraged our competence in microsystems and biosciences to establish a robust technical presence in the field of biological and chemical weapons defense. This year, we saw successful operational tests of several hand-held versions of our analytical instruments. Concurrently, we saw our efforts in information technologies and medical devices pay off significantly, when both these areas grew robustly. In the operations area, Engineering underwent an important change in its technology investment strategy. In 1998, we consolidated our nine technical thrust areas into five Engineering Technology Centers and restructured these centers to form the Engineering Science and Technology Program, reporting directly to my office. In 1999, we completed the selection of four of the five Directors to lead each of these areas and moved from startup to true enterprise. This 1999 Summary highlights these five Centers.

Dimolitsas, S.; Gerich, C.

2000-04-11

219

Lessons learnt from promising practices in community engagement for the elimination of new HIV infections in children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive: summary of a desk review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Through The Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive, leaders have called for broader action to strengthen the involvement of communities. The Global Plan aspires to reduce new HIV infections among children by 90 percent, and to reduce AIDS-related maternal mortality by half. This article summarizes the results of a review commissioned by UNAIDS to help inform stakeholders on promising practices in community engagement to accelerate progress towards these ambitious goals. Methods: This research involved extensive literature review and key informant interviews. Community engagement was defined to include participation, mobilization and empowerment while excluding activities that involve communities solely as service recipients. A promising practice was defined as one for which there is documented evidence of its effectiveness in achieving intended results and some indication of replicability, scale up and/or sustainability. Results: Promising practices that increased the supply of preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT services included extending community cadres, strengthening linkages with community- and faith-based organizations and civic participation in programme monitoring. Practices to improve demand for PMTCT included community-led social and behaviour change communication, peer support and participative approaches to generate local solutions. Practices to create an enabling environment included community activism and government leadership for greater involvement of communities.Committed leadership at all levels, facility, community, district and national, is crucial to success. Genuine community engagement requires a rights-based, capacity-building approach and sustained financial and technical investment. Participative formative research is a first step in building community capacity and helps to ensure programme relevance. Building on existing structures, rather than working in parallel to them, improves programme efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability. Monitoring, innovation and information sharing are critical to scale up. Conclusions: Ten recommendations on community engagement are offered for ending vertical transmission and enhancing the health of mothers and families: (1 expand the frontline health workforce, (2 increase engagement with community- and faith-based organizations, (3 engage communities in programme monitoring and accountability, (4 promote community-driven social and behaviour change communication including grassroots campaigns and dialogues, (5 expand peer support, (6 empower communities to address programme barriers, (7 support community activism for political commitment, (8 share tools for community engagement, (9 develop better indicators for community involvement and (10 conduct cost analyses of various community engagement strategies. As programmes expand, care should be taken to support and not to undermine work that communities are already doing, but rather to actively identify and build on such efforts.

Laurie Ackerman Gulaid

2012-07-01

220

Magnetic confinement theory summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A total of 93 papers under the theory, TH, heading were presented at the conference, although a number of experimental papers also contained significant theory elements: only the former are reviewed here. A novel development was the inclusion of a Theory Overview paper, presented by P H Diamond, on the subject of zonal flows, currently a topic of great interest to the fusion community. The remainder of the theory papers were distributed amongst oral presentations (32, with 11 rapporteured and one a post-deadline submission) and 58 posters, one of which was post-deadline. A number of themes, or trends, are evident, all springing from the growing use of numerical approaches to plasma theory. These are: (i) the use of direct numerical simulations to calculate and provide insights into turbulent transport (indeed there were about 30 papers with contributions on this topic), although analytic modelling plays a role in interpreting these 'numerical experiments'; (ii) increasing realism in modelling of geometry and physics in areas such as macroscopic MHD phenomena and radio-frequency heating and current drive, both of which involve modelling of fast-particle distributions; and (iii) a growing emphasis on integrated modelling, bringing together modules that describe interacting aspects of plasma behaviour

 
 
 
 
221

Microsoft Word - Opening Hours Review - Board Paper Feb 2009  

NIEAB 08/19/07A 1 Board Paper Review of Opening Times at NIEA Properties Purpose / Summary Regional Operations has carried out an internal review of opening hours at the NIEA properties which it manages (Country Parks...

222

Messengers of the universe: Session IV Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Being stable, light and neutral weakly interacting particles, neutrinos are ideal messengers of the deep universe and a channel of choice in particular to explore the very high energy Galactic and Extragalactic sky, playing a synergic role most notably with gamma-ray observations. Neutrino astronomy—long after the SN1987A detection in the MeV range—is mature enough for decisive tests of astrophysical paradigms. Its current status constitutes one of the two big pillars of the “Messengers of the universe” session of the Neutrino Oscillation Workshop 2012. Neutrinos may also play a role in some cosmological contexts, such as the early universe and the dark matter problem. We review both aspects in this session summary report.

Bernardini, Elisa; Serpico, Pasquale Dario

2013-04-15

223

Shipment summary of Bulgaria  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lessons learned (major differences from previous shipments): - The use of an experienced carrier (Kozloduy NPP) with experience in shipping nuclear materials to and from the Russian Federation was a great advantage and avoided problems; - Signing road and river carriers and security contracts in advance minimized last-minute delays at shipment time; - Shipping papers that were drafted and reviewed in advance with the help of representatives from Kozloduy NPP and PA 'Mayak' avoided last-minute delays; - Have all permits and licenses in place as far in advance as possible; - Procure nuclear liability, cargo, and personnel insurance in advance of the shipment; - Provide a senior technical person with the authority to resolve issues en-route to accompany the shipment; - Pre-arrange a method for 24-hour monitoring and reporting during shipment to provide 'Need-to-Know' information to the appropriate personnel to provide immediate additional technical support, if needed; - Develop a coded tracking system in advance to allow monitoring reports to DOE without compromising security; - Having communications equipment, a laptop computer and a printer on the barge was very useful for the technical person accompanying the shipment; - Very good cooperation with the Bulgarian nuclear safety authorities helped with planning and implementation; - Very good cooperation with other important partners in Bulgaria - Kozloduy NPP, Bulgarian Police and Gendarme, Bulgarian Fire and Rescue Cornd Gendarme, Bulgarian Fire and Rescue Corps, helped with shipment planning and provided appropriate support during the shipment; - Assure that all interested and involved organizations have a sufficient security level (Secret and Confidential level) for their main points of contact personnel

224

Eleventh annual meeting, Bologna, Italy, 17-20 April 1978. Summary report. Part I  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Summary Report of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the IAEA International Working Group on Fast Reactors contains the Minutes of the Meeting (Part I); the papers which review the national programmes in the field of LMFBRs and other presentations at the Meeting (Part II); and the discussions on the review of the national programmes (Part III)

225

Tenth annual meeting, Vienna, Austria, 29 March - 1 April 1977. Summary report. Part I  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Summary Report of Tenth Annual Meeting of the IAEA International Working Group on Fast Reactors contains the Minutes of the Meeting (Part I); the papers which review the national programmes in the field of LMFBRs and other presentations at the Meeting (Part II); and the discussions on the review of the national programmes (Part III)

226

Executive Summary - Our mission  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

On September 1st 2003, the Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics in Cracow joined the Polish Academy of Sciences. The Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN), founded in 1952, is a state-sponsored scientific institution acting through an elected corporation of leading scholars, their research organizations and through numerous scientific establishments. PAN is a major national scientific advisory body acting via its scientific committees which represent all disciplines of science. There are currently 79 PAN research establishments (institutes and research centers, research stations, botanical gardens and other research units) and a number of auxiliary scientific units (such as archives, libraries, museums, and PAN stations abroad). Our Institute is currently one of the largest research institutions of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The research activity of the Academy is financed mainly from the State budget via the Ministry of Scientific Research and Information Technology. The mission of the Institute of Nuclear Physics, IFJ is stated in its Charter. According to Paragraphs 5, 6, and 7 of the 2004 Charter, the Institute's duty is to carry out research activities in the following areas:1. High energy and elementary particle physics (including astrophysics), 2. Nuclear physics and physics of mechanisms of nuclear interaction, 3. Condensed matter physics, 4. Interdisciplinary research, and in particular: in radiation and environmental biology, enviroadiation and environmental biology, environmental physics, medical physics, dosimetry, nuclear geophysics, radiochemistry and material engineering. The main tasks of the Institute are: 1. To perform research in the above disciplines, 2. To promote the development of scientists and of specialists qualified to carry out research in these disciplines, 3. To organize a Post-Doctoral Study Course, 4. To permit, through agreements with national and foreign research institutions, external scholars to train and gain academic qualifications in the Institute's laboratories, 5. To collaborate with national and local authorities in providing them with expertise in the Institute's research topics, especially concerning radiation protection. These tasks are fulfilled by: 1. Performing individual and coordinated research through individual and collective research grant projects, 2. Initiating and maintaining cooperation with laboratories, organizations and institutions performing similar activities, in Poland and abroad, 3. Conferring scientific degrees and titles, 4. Distributing research results obtained, through peer-reviewed publications and other public media, 5. Organizing scientific meetings, conferences, symposia, training workshops, etc., 6. Providing expertise and analytic reports to government institutions and local authorities, 7. Carrying out other duties, within the statutory mandate of the Institute

227

Experimental plasma research project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contans descriptions of the activities supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of APP. The individual project summaries were prepared by the principal investigators and include objectives and milestones for each project. The projects are arranged in six research categories: Plasma Properties; Plasma Heating; Plasma Measurements and Instrumentation; Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics; Advanced Superconducting Materials; and the Fusion Plasma Research Facility (FPRF). Each category is introduced with a statement of objectives and recent progress and followed by descriptions of individual projects. An overall budget summary is provided at the beginning of the report

228

Experimental Plasma Research project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains descriptions of the activities supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of APP. The individual project summaries were prepared by the principal investigators and include objectives and milestones for each project. The projects are arranged in six research categories: Plasma Properties; Plasma Heating; Plasma Diagnostics; Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics; Advanced Superconducting Materials; and the Fusion Plasma Research Facility (FPRF). Each category is introduced with a statement of objectives and recent progress and followed by descriptions of individual projects. An overall budget summary is provided at the beginning of the report

229

Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safeguards Summary Event List provides brief summaries of hundreds of safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Events are described under the categories: Bomb-related, Intrusion, Missing/Allegedly Stolen, Transportation-related, Tampering/Vandalism, Arson, Firearms-related, Radiological Sabotage, Non-radiological Sabotage, and Miscellaneous. Because of the public interest, the Miscellaneous category also includes events reported involving source material, byproduct material, and natural uranium, which are exempt from safeguards requirements. Information in the event descriptions was obtained from official NRC sources

230

Safeguards summary event list (SSEL)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL) provides brief summaries of several hundred safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Because of public interest, also included are events reported involving byproduct material which is exempt from safeguards requirements. Events are described under the categories of bomb-related, intrusion, missing and/or allegedly stolen, transportation, tampering/vandalism, arson, firearms, radiological sabotage, nonradiological sabotage, alcohol and drugs, and miscellaneous. The information contained in the event descriptions is derived primarily from official NRC reporting channels

231

Experimental Plasma Research project summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report contains descriptions of the activities supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of APP. The individual project summaries were prepared by the principal investigators and include objectives and milestones for each project. The projects are arranged in six research categories: Plasma Properties; Plasma Heating; Plasma Diagnostics; Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics; Advanced Superconducting Materials; and the Fusion Plasma Research Facility (FPRF). Each category is introduced with a statement of objectives and recent progress and followed by descriptions of individual projects. An overall budget summary is provided at the beginning of the report.

None

1980-09-01

232

Operating reactors licensing actions summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Management and Program Analysis. This summary report is published primarily for internal NRC use in managing the operating reactors licensing actions program. Its content will change based on NRC management informational requirements

233

Final summary report. [Summaries of research activities at Cornell University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A summary is presented of the topics covered during the period, from 1960 to 1978, of the contract. The general area of the research has been theoretical solid state physics. A list of publications produced during the contract is given. (GHT)

Krumhansl, J.A.

234

Summary report: Executive summary: Regional management plan: [Final report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary report describes the results of a 16-month project to develop a Regional Management Plan for low-level radioactive waste management in a seven-state area. The seven states are Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin. These states have formed the Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Commission in accord with Congressional requirements established in 1980

235

Report of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Piping Review Committee. Summary and evaluation of historical strong-motion earthquake seismic response and damage to aboveground industrial piping  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The primary purpose of this report is to collect in one reference document the observation and experience that has been developed with regard to the seismic behavior of aboveground, building-supported, industrial-type process piping (similar to piping used in nuclear power plants) in strong-motion earthquakes. The report will also contain observations regarding the response of piping in strong-motion experimental tests and appropriate conclusions regarding the behavior of such piping in large earthquakes. Recommendations are included covering the future design of such piping to resist earthquake motion damage based on observed behavior in large earthquakes and simulated shake table testing. Since available detailed data on the behavior of aboveground (building-supported) piping are quite limited, this report will draw heavily on the observations and experiences of experts in the field. In Section 2 of this report, observed earthquake damage to aboveground piping in a number of large-motion earthquakes is summarized. In Section 3, the available experience from strong-motion testing of piping in experimental facilities is summarized. In Section 4 are presented some observations that attempt to explain the observed response of piping to strong-motion excitation from actual earthquakes and shake table testing. Section 5 contains the conclusions based on this study and recommendations regarding the future seismic design of piping based on the observed strong-motion behavior and material developed for the NPC Piping Review Committee. Finally, in Section 6 the references used in this study are presented. It should be understood that the use of the term piping in this report, in general, is limited to piping supported by building structures. It does not include behavior of piping buried in soil media. It is believed that the seismic behavior of buried piping is governed primarily by the deformation of the surrounding soil media and is not dependent on the inertial response of the piping. Hence, potential modes of failure are different for aboveground as compared to buried piping. Since failure of buried piping in strong-motion earthquakes, unlike aboveground piping, occurs relatively often, it has been the subject of much study

236

New nuclear technology; International developments. Review 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary review of the development of new nuclear rector technology is presented in this report. Fuel cycle strategies and waste handling developments are also commented. Different plans for dismantling nuclear weapons are presented. 18 refs

237

Summary and Recommendations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Second CSNI Specialist Meeting on Core Debris-Concrete Interactions was held in Karlsruhe, Germany, on April 1 to 3, 1992. It was hosted by the Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe (KfK) and organized in collaboration by OECD-NEA and KfK. About sixty experts attended the meeting, from 13 countries including Russia and the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and of 2 international organisations. Thirty-seven papers were presented in five sessions on the different aspects of core concrete interaction including melt coolability aspects. The final session summarized the results and discussed the current status of knowledge and the direction of future work. The first CSNI Specialist Meeting on Core Debris-Concrete Interactions had been held at Palo Alto, California in September 1986. Since this meeting, major experimental programs and substantial modelling work had been undertaken worldwide. The scope of the second meeting was to review the experimental and theoretical work and the predictive capabilities for severe accident evaluation. In addition to the scope of the previous meeting the issues of melt spreading and coolability were addressed as options to mitigate or end a severe accident. The contributed papers were presented in the following sessions: I. Experiments on molten core-concrete interactions under predominantly dry conditions II. Modelling and codes of molten core-concrete interactions under predominantly dry conditions III. Experiments on melt spreading and co III. Experiments on melt spreading and coolability IV. Modelling and codes on melt spreading and coolability V. Code comparisons and plant applications. The following general conclusions and recommendations were formulated after a careful evaluation of the presentations and discussions: 1. A significant integral effects data base on dry molten core debris-concrete interaction now exists which consists of independent experiments in several different facilities, so that no additional large scale experiments under dry conditions are necessary. The data base is adequate for thermal hydraulics, chemical reactions, and aerosol and fission product release during dry MCCI. 2. The present results of the codes in modeling the experiments are promising. To make optimal use of the existing experimental data base it is recommended that a matrix of selected and consistent experiments is set up covering the different aspects of MCC. This matrix would be used to provide final validation for the codes. 3. Considerable progress has been made in the physico-chemical modelling of MCCI melts. This needs to be completed and supported by additional physical property measurements, in particular viscosities and liquidus/solidus temperatures. These should be incorporated into the MCCI codes. 4. A considerable data base has been collected on the release of fission products during MCCI which shows that the releases are significantly less than previously estimated. The modelling of chemical thermodynamics of the multicomponent melt helps develop the understanding of the reasons for fission products retention in the melt, and should be completed for the releases of the important fission products. 5. Significant experimental and theoretical efforts are underway to determine the coolability of molten corium in the containment. Presently, the coolability of the melt by a water overlayer has not been demonstrated, thus the work should be continued. Relevant physical property data should also be measured as needed for modelling and validation. Melt spreading in containments was deemed to be important for analytical and further confirmatory experimental investigations since it affects coolability and containment integrity in some designs. 6. Investigation of physical phenomena related to core catcher design should be continued by the countries interested in such designs. 7. In order to test the codes for application to prototypical accident scenarios and to compare the predictions of different codes, a set of benchmark calculations should be performed. This should include short term and long

238

Solvent extraction equipment evaluation study. Part 3. Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document reviews the available literature on the types of liquid-liquid extraction contactors used to perform radiochemical separations. Also included are comparisons between the types of contactors. The summarization of each of the approximately 130 papers reviewed contains a description of the equipment tested, the chemical system used to test it, and the results obtained. Conclusions drawn by the original authors have not been altered. A bibliography has been included which has been numbered to cross-reference the summaries to the proper references.

Browne, L.M.; Geier, R.G.

1977-01-01

239

Solvent extraction equipment evaluation study. Part 3. Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document reviews the available literature on the types of liquid-liquid extraction contactors used to perform radiochemical separations. Also included are comparisons between the types of contactors. The summarization of each of the approximately 130 papers reviewed contains a description of the equipment tested, the chemical system used to test it, and the results obtained. Conclusions drawn by the original authors have not been altered. A bibliography has been included which has been numbered to cross-reference the summaries to the proper references

240

Equine disease surveillance: quarterly summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

Equine influenza in England and Scotland, Significant numbers of outbreaks of equine herpesvirus 1 neurological disease in the USA, Summary of surveillance testing, April to June 2014. These are among matters discussed in the most recent quarterly equine disease surveillance report, prepared by Defra, the Animal Health Trust and the British Equine Veterinary Association. PMID:25431382

2014-11-29

 
 
 
 
241

Operating reactors licensing actions summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The operating reactors licensing actions summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with an overview of licensing actions dealing with operating power and nonpower reactors. These reports utilize data collected from the Division of Licensing in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and are prepared by the Office of Management and Program Analysis

242

Biomass energy systems program summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research programs in biomass which were funded by the US DOE during fiscal year 1978 are listed in this program summary. The conversion technologies and their applications have been grouped into program elements according to the time frame in which they are expected to enter the commercial market. (DMC)

None

1980-07-01

243

Equine disease surveillance: quarterly summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

More than 70 UK cases of atypical myopathy reported First reports of Getah virus disease in Japan since 1979 Summary of surveillance testing, July to September 2014 These are among matters discussed in the most recent quarterly equine disease surveillance report, prepared by Defra, the Animal Health Trust (AHT) and the British Equine Veterinary Association. PMID:25598465

2015-01-17

244

Advanced fusion concepts project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The activities of all the projects supported by the Advanced Fusion Concepts Branch of the Office of Fusion Energy, DOE, are described. These descriptions are project summaries of each of the individual projects, and contain title, persons responsible, funding, purpose, approach, recent progress, future plans, planned milestones, graduate students and other staff, and recent publications

245

MELCOR peer review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July, 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy of the code for the serious and complex analyses it is expected to perform. For this purpose, an eight-member MELCOR Peer Review Committee was organized. The Committee has completed its review of the MELCOR code; the review process and findings of the MELCOR Peer Review Committee are documented in a summary report to be issued soon. The Committee has determined that recommendations in five areas are appropriate: (1) MELCOR numerics, (2) models missing from MELCOR Version 1.8.1, (3) existing MELCOR models needing revision, (4) the need for expanded MELCOR assessment, and (5) documentation

246

Program mid-year summaries research, development, demonstration, testing and evaluation: Office of Technology Development, FY 1993  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This mid-year review provides a summary of activities within the Office of Technology Development with individual presentations being made to DOE HQ and field management staff. The presentations are by EM-541, 542, 551, and 552 organizations

247

Summary of the law relating to atomic energy and radioactive substances  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary is an updated version of a previous revision of the summary of the United Kingdom's legislation on atomic energy and reviews the main texts in that field. Reference is made to the regulations on atomic energy, nuclear installations, radioactive substances, transport of such substances, radiation protection etc. The Energy Act 1983 amends the third party liability provisions of the nuclear installations Act 1965 in particular by raising the limits of compensation for nuclear damage. (NEA)

248

29 CFR 1603.216 - Summary decision.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Summary decision. 1603.216 Section...FOR PREVIOUSLY EXEMPT STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE COMPLAINTS...SECTION 304 OF THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE RIGHTS ACT...1603.216 Summary decision. Upon motion...

2010-07-01

249

17 CFR 10.91 - Summary disposition.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Summary disposition. 10.91 Section 10.91 Commodity...TRADING COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Disposition Without Full Hearing § 10.91 Summary disposition. (a) Filing of motions,...

2010-04-01

250

40 CFR 35.132 - Requirements summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements summary. 35.132 Section 35.132 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...Environmental Program Grants Performance Partnership Grants § 35.132 Requirements summary. Applicants and...

2010-07-01

251

Summary of the law relating to atomic energy and radioactive substances  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Summary is an updated version of a previous revision of the Summary of the United Kingdom's legislation on atomic energy and reviews the main texts in that field. Reference is made to the regulations on atomic energy, nuclear installations, radioactive substances, transport of such substances, radiation protection etc. It is intended to be a signpost to the relevant law, but does not cover any aspect in detail. The Summary also refers to international agreements in the nuclear field: conventions and regulations on the transport of radioactive substances and nuclear material, nuclear third party liability, radiation protection and environmental protection. (NEA)

252

Microsoft Word - ExecutiveSummary_wastecontractorssurvey.doc  

...Waste Contractors Survey: Executive Summary WASTE CONTRACTORS SURVEY 2001 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Enviros were...to accurately gross up the data from this survey to a Northern Ireland level...o 994, 300 Waste Contractors Survey: Executive Summary The detailed survey al so requested opinions from...

253

Summary Street: Interactive Computer Support for Writing  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary Street is educational software based on latent semantic analysis (LSA), a computer method for representing the content of texts. The classroom trial described here demonstrates the power of LSA to support an educational goal by providing automatic feedback on the content of students' summaries. Summary Street provides this feedback in an…

Wade-Stein, David; Kintsch, Eileen

2004-01-01

254

12 CFR 19.29 - Summary disposition.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Summary disposition. 19.29 Section 19.29 Banks...and Procedure § 19.29 Summary disposition. (a) In general. The administrative...final order granting a motion for summary disposition if the undisputed pleaded...

2010-01-01

255

12 CFR 308.29 - Summary disposition.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Summary disposition. 308.29 Section 308.29 Banks...and Procedure § 308.29 Summary disposition. (a) In general. The administrative...final order granting a motion for summary disposition if the undisputed pleaded...

2010-01-01

256

12 CFR 1780.31 - Summary disposition.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Summary disposition. 1780.31 Section 1780.31 ...Proceedings § 1780.31 Summary disposition. (a) In general. The presiding...final order granting a motion for summary disposition if the undisputed pleaded...

2010-01-01

257

12 CFR 747.29 - Summary disposition.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Summary disposition. 747.29 Section 747.29 Banks...and Procedure § 747.29 Summary disposition. (a) In general. The administrative...final order granting a motion for summary disposition if the undisputed pleaded...

2010-01-01

258

ENDF/B summary documentation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This publication provides a localized source of descriptions for the evaluations contained in the ENDF/B Library. The summary documentation presented is intended to be a more detailed description than the (File 1) comments contained in the computer readable data files, but not so detailed as the formal reports describing each ENDF/B evaluation. The summary documentations were written by the CSEWB (Cross Section Evaluation Working Group) evaluators and compiled by NNDC (National Nuclear Data Center). This edition includes documentation for materials found on ENDF/B Version V tapes 501 to 516 (General Purpose File) excluding tape 504. ENDF/B-V also includes tapes containing partial evaluations for the Special Purpose Actinide (521, 522), Dosimetry (531), Activation (532), Gas Production (533), and Fission Product (541-546) files. The materials found on these tapes are documented elsewhere. Some of the evaluation descriptions in this report contain cross sections or energy level information. (RWR)

Kinsey, R. (comp.)

1979-07-01

259

Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL) provides brief summaries of several hundred safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Because of public interest, the Miscellaneous category includes a few events which involve either source material, byproduct material, or natural uranium which are exempt from safeguards requirements. Events are described under the categories of bomb-related, intrusion, missing and/or allegedly stolen, transportation, tampering/vandalism, arson, firearms, radiological sabotage, nonradiological sabotage, pre-1990 alcohol and drugs (involving reactor operators, security force members, or management persons), and miscellaneous. The information contained in the event descriptions is derived primarily from official NRC reporting channels

260

Review: 1991 industry developments  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is NUEXCO's annual summary of the previous year's (1991) events. There are reviews of major nuclear developments in each continent, as well as international developments. Specific topics include fuels, waste management, new facilities, and decommissioning. Nuclear activities in the following countries are noted: South Africa, Yemen, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Namibia, France, Japan, Taiwan, China, Korea, India, Pakistan, Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Italy, Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, and Uraguay

 
 
 
 
261

Separations innovative concepts: Project summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This project summary includes the results of 10 innovations that were funded under the US Department's Innovative Concept Programs. The concepts address innovations that can substantially reduce the energy used in industrial separations. Each paper describes the proposed concept, and discusses the concept's potential energy savings, market applications, technical feasibility, prior work and state of the art, and future development needs.

Lee, V.E. (ed.)

1988-05-01

262

Compact Visualisation of Video Summaries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a system for compact and intuitive video summarisation aimed at both high-end professional production environments and small-screen portable devices. To represent large amounts of information in the form of a video key-frame summary, this paper studies the narrative grammar of comics, and using its universal and intuitive rules, lays out visual summaries in an efficient and user-centered way. In addition, the system exploits visual attention modelling and rapid serial visual presentation to generate highly compact summaries on mobile devices. A robust real-time algorithm for key-frame extraction is presented. The system ranks importance of key-frame sizes in the final layout by balancing the dominant visual representability and discovery of unanticipated content utilising a specific cost function and an unsupervised robust spectral clustering technique. A final layout is created using an optimisation algorithm based on dynamic programming. Algorithm efficiency and robustness are demonstrated by comparing the results with a manually labelled ground truth and with optimal panelling solutions.

Janko ?ali?

2007-01-01

263

Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The International Tokamak Reactor (INTOR) Workshop is an unique collaborative effort among Euratom, Japan, the USA and the USSR, under the auspices of the IAEA, to assess, define, design, construct and operate the next major experiment in the World Tokamak Program beyond the TFTR, JET, JT-60, T-15 generation. During the Zero-Phase (1979), a technical data base assessment was performed, leading to a positive assessment of feasibility. During Phase-1 (1/80-6/81), a conceptual design was developed to define the concept. The programmatic objectives are that INTOR should: (1) be the maximum reasonable step beyond the TFTR, JET, JT-60, T-15 generation of tokamaks, (2) demonstrate the plasma performance required for tokamak DEMOs, (3) test the development and integration into a reactor system of those technologies required for a DEMO, (4) serve as a test facility for blanket, tritium production, materials, and plasma engineering technology, (5) test fusion reactor component reliability, (6) test the maintainability of a fusion reactor, and (7) test the factors affecting the reliability, safety and environmental acceptability of a fusion reactor. A conceptual design has been developed to define a device which is consistent with these objectives. The design concept could, with a reasonable degree of confidence, be developed into a workable engineering design of a tokamak that met the performance objectives of INTOR. There is some margin in the design to allow for uncertainty. n in the design to allow for uncertainty. While design solutions have been found for all of the critical issues, the overall design may not yet be optimal

264

Summary  

Re-Politicizing Social Capital: Revisiting Social Capital and Collective Action in Common Pool Resource Management ...Introduction A roadmap from social capital to collective action: the critical nodes Revisiting the link between social ...institutions Creation of common knowledge: the first node between social capital and

265

2011 Annual Criticality Safety Program Performance Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 2011 review of the INL Criticality Safety Program has determined that the program is robust and effective. The review was prepared for, and fulfills Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) item H.20, 'Annual Criticality Safety Program performance summary that includes the status of assessments, issues, corrective actions, infractions, requirements management, training, and programmatic support.' This performance summary addresses the status of these important elements of the INL Criticality Safety Program. Assessments - Assessments in 2011 were planned and scheduled. The scheduled assessments included a Criticality Safety Program Effectiveness Review, Criticality Control Area Inspections, a Protection of Controlled Unclassified Information Inspection, an Assessment of Criticality Safety SQA, and this management assessment of the Criticality Safety Program. All of the assessments were completed with the exception of the 'Effectiveness Review' for SSPSF, which was delayed due to emerging work. Although minor issues were identified in the assessments, no issues or combination of issues indicated that the INL Criticality Safety Program was ineffective. The identification of issues demonstrates the importance of an assessment program to the overall health and effectiveness of the INL Criticality Safety Program. Issues and Corrective Actions - There are relatively few criticality safety related issues in the Laboratory ICAMS system. Most were identified by Criticality Saem. Most were identified by Criticality Safety Program assessments. No issues indicate ineffectiveness in the INL Criticality Safety Program. All of the issues are being worked and there are no imminent criticality concerns. Infractions - There was one criticality safety related violation in 2011. On January 18, 2011, it was discovered that a fuel plate bundle in the Nuclear Materials Inspection and Storage (NMIS) facility exceeded the fissionable mass limit, resulting in a technical safety requirement (TSR) violation. The TSR limits fuel plate bundles to 1085 grams U-235, which is the maximum loading of an ATR fuel element. The overloaded fuel plate bundle contained 1097 grams U-235 and was assembled under an 1100 gram U-235 limit in 1982. In 2003, the limit was reduced to 1085 grams citing a new criticality safety evaluation for ATR fuel elements. The fuel plate bundle inventories were not checked for compliance prior to implementing the reduced limit. A subsequent review of the NMIS inventory did not identify further violations. Requirements Management - The INL Criticality Safety program is organized and well documented. The source requirements for the INL Criticality Safety Program are from 10 CFR 830.204, DOE Order 420.1B, Chapter III, 'Nuclear Criticality Safety,' ANSI/ANS 8-series Industry Standards, and DOE Standards. These source requirements are documented in LRD-18001, 'INL Criticality Safety Program Requirements Manual.' The majority of the criticality safety source requirements are contained in DOE Order 420.1B because it invokes all of the ANSI/ANS 8-Series Standards. DOE Order 420.1B also invokes several DOE Standards, including DOE-STD-3007, 'Guidelines for Preparing Criticality Safety Evaluations at Department of Energy Non-Reactor Nuclear Facilities.' DOE Order 420.1B contains requirements for DOE 'Heads of Field Elements' to approve the criticality safety program and specific elements of the program, namely, the qualification of criticality staff and the method for preparing criticality safety evaluations. This was accomplished by the approval of SAR-400, 'INL Standardized Nuclear Safety Basis Manual,' Chapter 6, 'Prevention of Inadvertent Criticality.' Chapter 6 of SAR-400 contains sufficient detail and/or reference to the specific DOE and contractor documents that adequately describe the INL Criticality Safety Program per the elements specified in DOE Order 420.1B. The Safety Evaluation Report for SAR-400 specifically recognizes that the approval of SAR-400 approves the INL Criticality Safety Program. No new source requirements were rel

266

2011 Annual Criticality Safety Program Performance Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 2011 review of the INL Criticality Safety Program has determined that the program is robust and effective. The review was prepared for, and fulfills Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) item H.20, 'Annual Criticality Safety Program performance summary that includes the status of assessments, issues, corrective actions, infractions, requirements management, training, and programmatic support.' This performance summary addresses the status of these important elements of the INL Criticality Safety Program. Assessments - Assessments in 2011 were planned and scheduled. The scheduled assessments included a Criticality Safety Program Effectiveness Review, Criticality Control Area Inspections, a Protection of Controlled Unclassified Information Inspection, an Assessment of Criticality Safety SQA, and this management assessment of the Criticality Safety Program. All of the assessments were completed with the exception of the 'Effectiveness Review' for SSPSF, which was delayed due to emerging work. Although minor issues were identified in the assessments, no issues or combination of issues indicated that the INL Criticality Safety Program was ineffective. The identification of issues demonstrates the importance of an assessment program to the overall health and effectiveness of the INL Criticality Safety Program. Issues and Corrective Actions - There are relatively few criticality safety related issues in the Laboratory ICAMS system. Most were identified by Criticality Safety Program assessments. No issues indicate ineffectiveness in the INL Criticality Safety Program. All of the issues are being worked and there are no imminent criticality concerns. Infractions - There was one criticality safety related violation in 2011. On January 18, 2011, it was discovered that a fuel plate bundle in the Nuclear Materials Inspection and Storage (NMIS) facility exceeded the fissionable mass limit, resulting in a technical safety requirement (TSR) violation. The TSR limits fuel plate bundles to 1085 grams U-235, which is the maximum loading of an ATR fuel element. The overloaded fuel plate bundle contained 1097 grams U-235 and was assembled under an 1100 gram U-235 limit in 1982. In 2003, the limit was reduced to 1085 grams citing a new criticality safety evaluation for ATR fuel elements. The fuel plate bundle inventories were not checked for compliance prior to implementing the reduced limit. A subsequent review of the NMIS inventory did not identify further violations. Requirements Management - The INL Criticality Safety program is organized and well documented. The source requirements for the INL Criticality Safety Program are from 10 CFR 830.204, DOE Order 420.1B, Chapter III, 'Nuclear Criticality Safety,' ANSI/ANS 8-series Industry Standards, and DOE Standards. These source requirements are documented in LRD-18001, 'INL Criticality Safety Program Requirements Manual.' The majority of the criticality safety source requirements are contained in DOE Order 420.1B because it invokes all of the ANSI/ANS 8-Series Standards. DOE Order 420.1B also invokes several DOE Standards, including DOE-STD-3007, 'Guidelines for Preparing Criticality Safety Evaluations at Department of Energy Non-Reactor Nuclear Facilities.' DOE Order 420.1B contains requirements for DOE 'Heads of Field Elements' to approve the criticality safety program and specific elements of the program, namely, the qualification of criticality staff and the method for preparing criticality safety evaluations. This was accomplished by the approval of SAR-400, 'INL Standardized Nuclear Safety Basis Manual,' Chapter 6, 'Prevention of Inadvertent Criticality.' Chapter 6 of SAR-400 contains sufficient detail and/or reference to the specific DOE and contractor documents that adequately describe the INL Criticality Safety Program per the elements specified in DOE Order 420.1B. The Safety Evaluation Report for SAR-400 specifically recognizes that the approval of SAR-400 approves the INL Criticality Safety Progra

Andrea Hoffman

2011-12-01

267

IRIS TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW AND SUMMARY DOCUMENTS FOR BORON  

Science.gov (United States)

Boron was last updated on IRIS in the late 1980's . Since that time new studies have provided developmental data in three species. The goal of this updated IRIS file is to re-assess the RfD based on new research and updated methodology, specifically application of the benchmark a...

268

Summary for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project in Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper reports on the major progress that the NGNP Project has made toward developing and commercializing the HTGR technology. Significant R&D progress has been made in addressing key technical issues for qualification of the HTGR fuel and graphite, codification of high temperature materials and verification and validation of design codes. Work is also progressing in heat transfer/transport design and testing and in development of the high temperature steam electrolysis hydrogen production process. A viable licensing strategy has been formulated in coordination with the NRC and DOE. White papers covering key licensing issues have been and will continue to be submitted and necessary discussions of these key issues have begun with the NRC. Continued government support is needed to complete the Project objectives as established in the 2005 Energy Policy Act.

L.E. Demick

2010-09-01

269

Summary for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project in Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper reports on the major progress that the NGNP Project has made toward developing and commercializing the HTGR technology. Significant R&D progress has been made in addressing key technical issues for qualification of the HTGR fuel and graphite, codification of high temperature materials and verification and validation of design codes. Work is also progressing in heat transfer/transport design and testing and in development of the high temperature steam electrolysis hydrogen production process. A viable licensing strategy has been formulated in coordination with the NRC and DOE. White papers covering key licensing issues have been and will continue to be submitted and necessary discussions of these key issues have begun with the NRC. Continued government support is needed to complete the Project objectives as established in the 2005 Energy Policy Act.

L.E. Demick

2010-08-01

270

75 FR 20352 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-04-19

271

76 FR 15980 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2011. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2011-03-22

272

75 FR 6663 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-02-10

273

75 FR 33620 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-06-14

274

75 FR 10263 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-03-05

275

75 FR 11534 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commissions...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commissions for Extension Under...2010 SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-03-11

276

75 FR 63473 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-10-15

277

75 FR 69439 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Science.gov (United States)

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-11-12

278

77 FR 17462 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Institute of Education Sciences; Quick Response Information...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Institute of Education Sciences; Quick Response Information System...Clearance SUMMARY: The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Quick...

2012-03-26

279

Summary talk - Highlights and Vision  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This presentation is the concluding talk of the conference, given by Michel Spiro, who reviewed all of particle physics in 107 slides that he presented in about 40 minutes. This comprehensive talk reviewed the entire field from the LHC energy frontier to astro-particle physics and cosmology

280

Constellation Lessons Learned Executive Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

This slide presentation reviews the lessons learned from the Constellation Program (CxP) and identified several factors that contributed to the inability of the CxP to meet the cost and schedule commitments. The review includes a significant section on the context in which the CxP operated since new programs are likely to experience the same constraints.

Thomas, L. Dale; Neubek, Deb

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Regulatory licensing status summary report. Nuclear power plants data for decisions (blue book), July 11-August 16, 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This management report, Regulatory Licensing status summary report, is designed to provide the necessary information for controlling the progress of review processes for central station nuclear reactor applications. Section I of this edition consists of the three summary of accomplishments, the new application forecast for OL's and CP's, and an abbreviation key. Section II represents the main body of the report and consists of the facility information. All OL's are listed first, followed by CP's, standard design reviews, other reviews, and finally, a non-power reactor summary. Each project consists of general facility data, current status for all phases of the review, and targeted and actual completion dates for all key milestones in the review

282

Regulatory licensing status summary report. Nuclear power plants data for decisions (blue book), April 20-May 15, 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This management report, regulatory licensing status summary report, is designed to provide the necessary information for controlling the progress of review processes for central station nuclear reactor applications. It utilizes data collected from the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, Office of the Executive Legal Director, Office of Inspection and Enforcement, and the National Laboratories, and analyzed by the Office of Resource Management in the implementation of the regulatory information system. Section I of this edition consists of the three summary of accomplishments, the new application forecast for OL's and CP's, and an abbreviation key. Section II represents the main body of the report and consists of the facility information. All OL's are listed first, followed by CP's, standard design reviews, other reviews, and finally, a non-power reactor summary. Each project consists of general facility data, current status for all phases of the review, and targeted and actual completion dates for all key milestones in the review

283

Regulatory licensing. Status summary report. Nuclear power plants data for decisions (Blue Book), August 17-September 15, 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This management report, regulatory licensing status summary report, is designed to provide the necessary information for controlling the progress of review processes for central station nuclear reactor applications. Section I of this edition consists of the three summary of accomplishments, the new application forecast for OL's and CP's, and an abbreviation key. Section II represents the main body of the report and consists of the facility information. All OL's are listed first, followed by CP's, standard design reviews, other reviews, and finally, a non-power reactor summary. Each project consists of general facility data, current status for all phases of the review, and targeted and actual completion dates for all key milestones in the review

284

Regulatory licensing status summary report. Nuclear power plants data for decisions (blue book), September 15-October 15, 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This management report, Regulatory Licensing Status Summary Report, is designed to provide the necessary information for controlling the progress of review processes for central station nuclear reactor applications. It utilizes data collected from the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, Office of the Executive Legal Director, Office of Inspection and Enforcement, and the national laboratories, and analyzed by the Office of Resource Management in the implementation of the regulatory information system. Section I of this edition consists of the three summary of accomplishments, the new application forecast for OL's and CP's, and an abbreviation key. Section II represents the main body of the report and consists of the facility information. All OL's are listed first, followed by CP's, standard design reviews, other reviews, and finally, a non-power reactor summary. Each project consists of general facility data, current status for all phases of the review, and targeted and actual completion dates for all key milestones in the review

285

Regulatory licensing status summary report. Nuclear power plants data for decisions (blue book), June 17-July 10, 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This management report, Regulatory Licensing Status Summary Report, is designed to provide the necessary information for controlling the progress of review processes for central station nuclear reactor applications. It utilizes data collected from the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, Office of the Executive Legal Director, Office of Inspection and Enforcement, and the National Laboratories, and analyzed by the Office of Resource Management in the implementation of the Regulatory Information System. Section I of this edition consists of the three summary of accomplishments, the new application forecast for OL's and CP's, and an abbreviation key. Section II represents the main body of the report and consists of the facility information. All OL's are listed first, followed by CP's, standard design reviews, other reviews, and finally, a non-power reactor summary. Each project consists of general facility data, current status for all phases of the review, and targeted and actual completion dates for all key milestones in the review

286

Quality of discharge summaries prepared by first year internal medicine residents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients are particularly susceptible to medical error during transitions from inpatient to outpatient care. We evaluated discharge summaries produced by incoming postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1 internal medicine residents for their completeness, accuracy, and relevance to family physicians. Methods Consecutive discharge summaries prepared by PGY-1 residents for patients discharged from internal medicine wards were retrospectively evaluated by two independent reviewers for presence and accuracy of essential domains described by the Joint Commission for Hospital Accreditation. Family physicians rated the relevance of a separate sample of discharge summaries on domains that family physicians deemed important in previous studies. Results Ninety discharge summaries were assessed for completeness and accuracy. Most items were completely reported with a given item missing in 5% of summaries or fewer, with the exception of the reason for medication changes, which was missing in 15.9% of summaries. Discharge medication lists, medication changes, and the reason for medication changes—when present—were inaccurate in 35.7%, 29.5%, and 37.7% of summaries, respectively. Twenty-one family physicians reviewed 68 discharge summaries. Communication of follow-up plans for further investigations was the most frequently identified area for improvement with 27.7% of summaries rated as insufficient. Conclusions This study found that medication details were frequently omitted or inaccurate, and that family physicians identified lack of clarity about follow-up plans regarding further investigations and visits to other consultants as the areas requiring the most improvement. Our findings will aid in the development of educational interventions for residents.

Legault Kimberly

2012-08-01

287

Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan: Annual summary, January 2000  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan published in December of 1998 (DOE/NV--518) describes the Nevada Test Site stewardship mission and how its accomplishment will preserve the resources of the ecoregion while accomplishing the objectives of the mission. As part of the Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan, DOE Nevada Operations Office has committed to perform and publish an annual summary review of DOE Nevada Operations' stewardship of the Nevada Test Site. This annual summary includes a description of progress made toward the goals of the Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan, pertinent monitoring data, actions that were taken to adapt to changing conditions, and any other changes to the Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan.

NONE

2000-01-01

288

Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan: Annual summary, January 2000  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan published in December of 1998 (DOE/NV--518) describes the Nevada Test Site stewardship mission and how its accomplishment will preserve the resources of the ecoregion while accomplishing the objectives of the mission. As part of the Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan, DOE Nevada Operations Office has committed to perform and publish an annual summary review of DOE Nevada Operations' stewardship of the Nevada Test Site. This annual summary includes a description of progress made toward the goals of the Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan, pertinent monitoring data, actions that were taken to adapt to changing conditions, and any other changes to the Nevada Test Site Resource Management Plan

289

Review of Biomedical Image Processing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract This article is a review of the book: 'Biomedical Image Processing', by Thomas M. Deserno, which is published by Springer-Verlag. Salient information that will be useful to decide whether the book is relevant to topics of interest to the reader, and whether it might be suitable as a course textbook, are presented in the review. This includes information about the book details, a summary, the suitability of the text in course and research work, the framework of the book, its...

Ciaccio Edward J

2011-01-01

290

Clustered Star Formation: A Review  

CERN Document Server

In this contribution I present a review of star formation in clusters. I begin by discussing the various definitions of what constitutes a star cluster, and then compare the outcome of star formation (IMF, multiplicity, mass segregation and structure and morphology) in different star-forming regions. I also review recent numerical models of star formation in clusters, before ending with a summary of the potential effects of dynamical evolution in star clusters.

Parker, Richard J

2012-01-01

291

Fusion Plasma Theory project summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Project Summary book is a published compilation consisting of short descriptions of each project supported by the Fusion Plasma Theory and Computing Group of the Advanced Physics and Technology Division of the Department of Energy, Office of Fusion Energy. The summaries contained in this volume were written by the individual contractors with minimal editing by the Office of Fusion Energy. Previous summaries were published in February of 1982 and December of 1987. The Plasma Theory program is responsible for the development of concepts and models that describe and predict the behavior of a magnetically confined plasma. Emphasis is given to the modelling and understanding of the processes controlling transport of energy and particles in a toroidal plasma and supporting the design of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). A tokamak transport initiative was begun in 1989 to improve understanding of how energy and particles are lost from the plasma by mechanisms that transport them across field lines. The Plasma Theory program has actively-participated in this initiative. Recently, increased attention has been given to issues of importance to the proposed Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX). Particular attention has been paid to containment and thermalization of fast alpha particles produced in a burning fusion plasma as well as control of sawteeth, current drive, impurity control, and design of improved auxiliary heating. In addition, general models of plasma behavior are developed from physics features common to different confinement geometries. This work uses both analytical and numerical techniques. The Fusion Theory program supports research projects at US government laboratories, universities and industrial contractors. Its support of theoretical work at universities contributes to the office of Fusion Energy mission of training scientific manpower for the US Fusion Energy Program.

1993-10-01

292

Fusion Plasma Theory project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This Project Summary book is a published compilation consisting of short descriptions of each project supported by the Fusion Plasma Theory and Computing Group of the Advanced Physics and Technology Division of the Department of Energy, Office of Fusion Energy. The summaries contained in this volume were written by the individual contractors with minimal editing by the Office of Fusion Energy. Previous summaries were published in February of 1982 and December of 1987. The Plasma Theory program is responsible for the development of concepts and models that describe and predict the behavior of a magnetically confined plasma. Emphasis is given to the modelling and understanding of the processes controlling transport of energy and particles in a toroidal plasma and supporting the design of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). A tokamak transport initiative was begun in 1989 to improve understanding of how energy and particles are lost from the plasma by mechanisms that transport them across field lines. The Plasma Theory program has actively-participated in this initiative. Recently, increased attention has been given to issues of importance to the proposed Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX). Particular attention has been paid to containment and thermalization of fast alpha particles produced in a burning fusion plasma as well as control of sawteeth, current drive, impurity control, and design of improved auxiliary heating. In addition, general models of plasma behavior are developed from physics features common to different confinement geometries. This work uses both analytical and numerical techniques. The Fusion Theory program supports research projects at US government laboratories, universities and industrial contractors. Its support of theoretical work at universities contributes to the office of Fusion Energy mission of training scientific manpower for the US Fusion Energy Program

293

Advanced fusion concepts: project summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report contains descriptions of the activities of all the projects supported by the Advanced Fusion Concepts Branch of the Office of Fusion Energy, US Department of Energy. These descriptions are project summaries of each of the individual projects, and contain the following: title, principle investigators, funding levels, purpose, approach, progress, plans, milestones, graduate students, graduates, other professional staff, and recent publications. Information is given for each of the following programs: (1) reverse-field pinch, (2) compact toroid, (3) alternate fuel/multipoles, (4) stellarator/torsatron, (5) linear magnetic fusion, (6) liners, and (7) Tormac. (MOW)

None

1980-12-01

294

Aerial Photography Summary Record System  

Science.gov (United States)

The Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS) describes aerial photography projects that meet specified criteria over a given geographic area of the United States and its territories. Aerial photographs are an important tool in cartography and a number of other professions. Land use planners, real estate developers, lawyers, environmental specialists, and many other professionals rely on detailed and timely aerial photographs. Until 1975, there was no systematic approach to locate an aerial photograph, or series of photographs, quickly and easily. In that year, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) inaugurated the APSRS, which has become a standard reference for users of aerial photographs.

U.S. Geological Survey

1998-01-01

295

Advanced fusion concepts: project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains descriptions of the activities of all the projects supported by the Advanced Fusion Concepts Branch of the Office of Fusion Energy, US Department of Energy. These descriptions are project summaries of each of the individual projects, and contain the following: title, principle investigators, funding levels, purpose, approach, progress, plans, milestones, graduate students, graduates, other professional staff, and recent publications. Information is given for each of the following programs: (1) reverse-field pinch, (2) compact toroid, (3) alternate fuel/multipoles, (4) stellarator/torsatron, (5) linear magnetic fusion, (6) liners, and (7) Tormac

296

Experimental plasma research project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The experimental plasma Research Branch has responsibility for developing a broad range of experimental data and new experimental techniques that are required for operating and interpreting present large-scale confinement experiments, and for designing future deuterium-tritium burining facilities. The Branch pursued these objectives by supporting research in DOE laboratories, other Federal laboratories, other Federal laboratories, universities, and private industry. Initiation and renewal of research projects are primarily through submission of unsolicited proposals by these institutions to DOE. Summaries of these projects are given

297

Summary of the heavy flavours working group  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The contributions presented in the Heavy Flavors Working Group of the DIS2006 Workshop are summarized. Numbers of experimental results were reported. The main topics discussed were: heavy flavor schemes and fragmentation and heavy quark production at RHIC, open charm and beauty production at HERA, quarkonium production and beauty production at Tevatron and charm spectroscopy and charm states at Babar and Belle. In a joint session with other group, heavy quark structure functions and parton density functions were picked up, and in another joint session kT factorization schemes and jet definitions as well as searches for exotic baryonic states (pentaquarks) were dealt with. Further summaries are described separately for theories and experiments. In the theory part, the following issues are reviewed: 2.1. Heavy Flavor Schemes, 2.1.1. Fully Inclusive Case, 2.1.2. One-Particle Inclusive Case, 2.2. Heavy Quark Fragmentation, 2.3. Heavy Quark Production at RHIC, 2.4. Heavy Quarks and kT-Fragmentation and 2.5, Charmonium production-CEM vs. NRQCD. In the experiment part the following topics are reviewed successively: 3.1. Bs Mixing, 3.2. Heavy Quark Jets, 3.3. The Inclusive Production of Heavy Flavors, 3.4. Beauty from D*-? and ?-? Correlations, 3.5. Heavy Quark Production at HERA-II, 3.6. Beauty Production at the Tevatron, 3.7. Charm Quark Fragmentation and Spectroscopy, 3.8. Quarkonium Production, 3.9. Heavy Flavor Production at RHIC and H. Heavy Flavor Production at RHIC and HERA-B and 3.10. Toward the LHC. (S. Funahashi)

298

Summary of OLF's Business trends report 2006  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary of OLF's business trends report 2006. The first in a series of annual business trends reports which The Norwegian Oil Industry Association (OLF) has decided to publish. The report highlights features in the development of the global economy and the energy markets, and presents an analysis of the level of activity on the Norwegian Shelf through to 2010. It also gives a status report and outlines the challenges that lie within three important areas for the oil industry: the relationship with the external environment, health, safety and working environment, and personnel and competence requirements within the industry. The main message contained in the report is summarised as follows: 'While prospects for the immediate future look good, we foresee a lack of new, important and technically challenging projects in the longer term. Discoveries made on the Norwegian Shelf during recent years have been small. Exploration activity must be intensified and its results must be improved. The most important and effective stimulus in this connection is new prospective exploration acreage. The Comprehensive Management Plan for Lofoten and the Barents Sea will be revised in 2010. By that time the knowledge gaps in the plan have to be filled so that the decision-making basis is as good as possible. Even though the level of activity looks as if it will continue to be high in the medium term, we have no time to lose.' Environmental status and challenges are briefly reviewed, as s and challenges are briefly reviewed, as well as the industry's future recruitment challenges (author) (ml)

299

Summary pamphlet: 1995 site environmental report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As required in U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1, an Annual Site Environmental Report (ASER) has been prepared for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) for 1995. The ASER represents a key component of the DOE's effort to keep the public informed about environmental efforts and compliance status at SNL/NM. This booklett was prepared by the Environmental Operations Center of SNL/NM and reviewed by Community Relations and Risk Management. Suggestions were incorporated from the students of New Futures High School as a part of the Environmental Education Program. This work is supported by the DOE under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. A copy of the ASER can be obtained by calling the Environmental Monitoring and Reporting Department at 848-0927. This pamphlet provides a brief summary of the 1995 SNL/NM environmental programs and monitoring results. Additional copies of this pamphlet may be obtained by calling the number above

300

Tunisia:- Tunisia - Investment Policy Review - OECD - OECD  

... Tunisia - Investment Policy Review - OECD This Investment Policy Review examines Tunisia's achievements in developing an open and transparent investment regime and its ... Tunisia, Investment policy review, FDI, open investment Tunisia:- Tunisia - Investment Policy Review - OECD - OECD Français Follow us E-mail ...Alerts Blogs OECD Home About Countries Topics Statistics Newsroom OECD Home › Tunisia › Tunisia - Investment Policy Review - OECD Tunisia - Investment Policy Review - ...Introduction and summary The economic situation and the role of FDI in Tunisiarsquo;s economic development Tunisia's investment regime and the National Treatment Instrument ...

 
 
 
 
301

Summary Talk: Cosmology and Gravitation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The works on Cosmology and Gravitation presented during the XXI Brazilian National Meeting on Particle and Fields (BNMPF) are brie y reviewed. [...

Ioav, Waga.

2001-06-01

302

DECOVALEX II PROJECT Executive Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

DECOVALEX II project started in November 1995 as a continuation of the DECOVALEX I project, which was completed at the end of 1994. The project was initiated by recognising the fact that a proper evaluation of the current capacities of numerical modelling of the coupled T-H-M processes in fractured media is needed not only for small scale, well controlled laboratory test cases such as those studied in DECOVALEX I, but also for less characterised, more complex and realistic in-situ experiments. This executive summary presents the motivation, structure, objectives, approaches, and highlights of the main tasks and main achievements of the DECOVALEX II project from 1995-1999. The main source of the materials came from four technical reports the project prepared by the project Secretariat, which, in turn, were based on numerous progress reports produced by a large number of international research teams over the three and half year period. The editors of this summary, together with the Steering Committee of the DECOVALEX II project, feel very encouraged by the progresses which have been made during the project time and very positive about the usefulness of the achievements reached by the project to the larger international community of scientific research and management of radioactive wastes in different countries. We sincerely hope that continued efforts be made to forward the research carried out in both DECOVALEX I and DECOVALEX II projects so that the disposal of radioactive waste could be managed on a more reliable scientific basis.

Jing, L.; Stephansson, O. [Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Tsang, C.F. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States). Earth Science Div.; Knight, L.J. [United Kingdom Nirex Ltd., Harwell (United Kingdom); Kautsky, F. [Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI), Stockholm (Sweden)

1999-11-01

303

DECOVALEX II PROJECT Executive Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

DECOVALEX II project started in November 1995 as a continuation of the DECOVALEX I project, which was completed at the end of 1994. The project was initiated by recognising the fact that a proper evaluation of the current capacities of numerical modelling of the coupled T-H-M processes in fractured media is needed not only for small scale, well controlled laboratory test cases such as those studied in DECOVALEX I, but also for less characterised, more complex and realistic in-situ experiments. This executive summary presents the motivation, structure, objectives, approaches, and highlights of the main tasks and main achievements of the DECOVALEX II project from 1995-1999. The main source of the materials came from four technical reports the project prepared by the project Secretariat, which, in turn, were based on numerous progress reports produced by a large number of international research teams over the three and half year period. The editors of this summary, together with the Steering Committee of the DECOVALEX II project, feel very encouraged by the progresses which have been made during the project time and very positive about the usefulness of the achievements reached by the project to the larger international community of scientific research and management of radioactive wastes in different countries. We sincerely hope that continued efforts be made to forward the research carried out in both DECOVALEX I and DECOVALEX II projects so that the disposal of radioactive waste could be managed on a more reliable scientific basis

304

Experimental summary of the XIII Rencontre de Moriond  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is the written version of a summary talk on some of the experimental results presented at the XIII Rencontre de Moriond. Results are reviewed in the following areas: studies of the quark-parton model, Bjorken scaling, and quark fragmentation using virtual photons, neutrinos, and e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation; properties of the tau lepton, D charmed meson, and F charmed meson as measured in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation; production of charmed particles by photons, neutrinos, and hadrons, including the CERN beam dump experiments; and ongoing searches for new particles.

Perl, M.L.

1978-06-01

305

Hawaii Geothermal Project. Summary report for Phase 1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The research program was divided into three areas: geophysical--exploratory surveys to define the most favorable areas for geothermal investigations; engineering--analytical models to assist in interpretation of geophysical results, and studies on energy recovery from hot brine; and, environmental-socioeconomic--legal and regulatory aspects of ownership and administration of geothermal resources, and economic planning studies on the impact of geothermal power. Summaries of results obtained to date in each of the research areas are presented; a list of reference publications where these results are reviewed in greater detail is included. (JGB)

1975-05-01

306

Experimental summary of the XIII Rencontre de Moriond  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the written version of a summary talk on some of the experimental results presented at the XIII Rencontre de Moriond. Results are reviewed in the following areas: studies of the quark-parton model, Bjorken scaling, and quark fragmentation using virtual photons, neutrinos, and e+e- annihilation; properties of the tau lepton, D charmed meson, and F charmed meson as measured in e+e- annihilation; production of charmed particles by photons, neutrinos, and hadrons, including the CERN beam dump experiments; and ongoing searches for new particles

307

Summary of Swedish activities in the framework of the IWGATWR  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary starts with a brief review of the situation and outlook for nuclear power in Sweden from the political and industrial points of view, and to some extent from the public acceptance point of view. Then the Swedish activities in the field of advanced technologies for water-cooled reactors are outlined, the activities fall into three basic categories: activities related to operating plants, i.e. implementation of modern technology into these plants; development work on evolutionary type nuclear plants; and development work on more revolutionary or developmental type of reactors. Activities in the frameworks of the BWR 90 and PIUS projects are described. 3 figs, 1 tab

308

Rules for Writing a Summary or Abstract  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to describe how to write a good abstract. There are two different kinds of abstracts : indicative abstracts and informative abstracts. The later is more frequently encountered and has a standardized structure: “Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion”. In addition, there are two distinct types of informative summaries : the structured summary and the summary intended for a scientific congress. Drafting the summary is an important part of writing a scientific paper and can have a great influence on the audience reached by the article.

Ingrand P

2001-06-01

309

Advanced Fusion Concepts project summaries. FY 1983  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains descriptions of the activities of all the projects supported by the Advanced Fusion Concepts Branch of the Office of Fusion Energy, US Department of Energy. These descriptions are project summaries of each of the individual projects, and contain the following: title, principle investigators, funding levels, purpose, approach, progress, plans, milestones, graduate studients, graduates, other professional staff, and recent publications. The individual project summaries are prepared by the principle investigators in collaboration with the Advanced Fusion Concepts (AFC) Branch. In addition to the project summaries, statements of branch objectives, and budget summaries are also provided

310

Movie Review Classification and Feature based Summarization of Movie Reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sentiment classification and feature based summarization are essential steps involved with the classification and summarization of movie reviews. The movie review classification is based on sentiment classification and condensed descriptions of movie reviews are generated from the feature based summarization. Experiments are conducted to identify the best machine learning based sentiment classification approach. Latent Semantic Analysis and Latent Dirichlet Allocation were compared to identify features which in turn affects the summary size. The focus of the system design is on classification accuracy and system response time.

Sabeeha Mohammed Basheer#1, Syed Farook

2013-07-01

311

Four workshops in alternate concepts in controlled fusion. Part A. Executive summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A review has been completed of fourteen alternate fusion reactor concepts that could lead to more practical power plants. These concepts are in addition to the Tokamak and mirror concepts which are presently receiving the bulk of the U.S. R and D effort. The concept characterizations were assembled by means of workshops and are presented in two sets of summaries. Part A is a concise executive summary written in nontechnical language and suitable for reading by executives who do not require a discussion of scientific details. A longer, more technical summary is presented in Part B. The objective is a presentation of the facts in a neutral tone without overselling or overcriticizing any concept. The concepts reviewed were limited to those employing magnetic confinement techniques for pure fusion power production

312

Eighth annual meeting, Vienna, Austria, 15-18 April 1975. Summary report. Part I  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Summary Report of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the International Working Group on Fast Reactors contains the minutes of the meeting (Part 1); papers which review the national programmes in the field of LMFBRs (Part 2) and the discussions on the review of national programmes (Part 3). The agenda of the meeting involved design, construction, operating experiences of demonstration fast power reactors, reprocessing of spent fuel from LMFBRs, reliability of decay heat removal systems, fuel failure mechanisms, safety of LMFBRs

313

76 FR 77299 - Generalized System of Preferences (GSP): Notice of Review of Certain Pending Country Practice...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Review of Certain Pending Country Practice Petitions AGENCY...SUMMARY: As part of past GSP annual reviews...certain GSP beneficiary developing countries because of country practices...regulations (15 CFR Part 2007) provide the...

2011-12-12

314

AFIP-6 Characterization Summary Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The AFIP-6 (ATR Full-size-plate In center flux trap Position) Characterization Summary Report outlines the fresh fuel characterization efforts performed during the AFIP-6 experiment. The AFIP-6 experiment was designed to evaluate the performance of monolithic uranium-molybdenum (U-Mo) fuels at a scale prototypic of Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) fuel plates (45-inches long). The AFIP-6 test was the first test with plates that were swaged into the rails of the assembly. This test served to examine the effects of a plate in a swaged condition with longer fuel zones (22.5-inches long), that were centered in the plate. AFIP-6 test plates employed a zirconium interlayer that was co-rolled with the fuel foil. Previous mini-plate and AFIP irradiation experiments performed in ATR have demonstrated the stable behavior of the interface between the U-Mo fuel and the zirconium interlayer.

Dr. Dennis D. Keiser

2011-12-01

315

Summary on inertial confinement fusion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary of results on inertial confinement fusion (ICF) presented during the 13th Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Washington, D.C., 1-6 October 1990, is given. In particular, two different schemes for ICF have emerged: direct drive, where the driver energy is directly absorbed by the capsule, and indirect drive, where the driver energy is first converted into X rays, which are then absorbed by the capsule. Various diagrams show the rapid progress in achieved parameters in ICF, among others, a high density compression ratio of 600 using direct drive. Separately, the following topics are discussed: laser implosions; improvement of irradiation uniformity and laser-plasma interaction; hydrodynamics (Rayleigh-Taylor instability in ablative acceleration, contact surface instability and mixing); direct and indirect drive implosion; driver development; and high gain target and reactor design. 4 figs

316

NIOSH current intelligence bulletins: summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Summaries were offered of the current intelligence bulletins issued from January 20, 1975 to August of 1988. They include information on the following topics: chloroprene, trichloroethylene, ethylene dibromide, chrome pigment, asbestos, hexamethylphosphoric triamide, polychlorinated biphenyls, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, chloroform, radon daughters, dimethylcarbamoyl chloride, diethylcarbamoyl-chloride, explosive azide hazard, inorganic arsenic, nitrosamines in cutting fluids, metabolic precursors of beta-naphthylamine, 2-nitropropane, acrylonitrile, 2,4-diaminoanisole, tetrachloroethylene, trimellitic anhydride, ethylene thiourea, disulfiram, direct-blue-6, direct-black-38, direct-brown-95, benzidine derived dyes, ethylene dichloride, NIAX catalyst ESN, chloroethanes, vinyl halides, glycidyl ethers, epichlorohydrin, smoking, arsine poisoning, radiofrequency sealers and heaters, formaldehyde, ethylene oxide, silica flour, vibration syndrome, glycol ethers, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 1,3-butadiene, cadmium, monohalomethanes, dinitrotoluenes, methylene chloride, 4,4'-methylenedianiline, organic solvent neurotoxicity, mechanical power press injuries, and the carcinogenic effects of diesel exhaust.

1988-09-01

317

CNA/CNS conference summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume contains summaries of papers presented at the 32. annual conference of the Canadian Nuclear Association and the 13. annual conference of the Canadian Nuclear Society. The full proceedings, and the individual papers contained therein, have been abstracted separately. Sessions on the following topics are included: Plenary; The international CANDU program; Canadian used fuel management program; Public information advocates; Fuel and electricity supply; In which direction should reactors advance?; Canadian advanced nuclear research program; International cooperation in operations; Safety in design, operation, regulation; Renovation of operating stations; Reactor physics; New concepts and Technology; Fuel behaviour; Reactor design; Safety analysis; Fuel channel behaviour; Equipment and design qualification; Compliance and licensing; Fusion science and technology; Darlington assessment; Plant aging and life assessment; Thermalhydraulic modelling and analysis; Diagnostics and data management; Operator training and certification

318

Proceedings of the ninth annual DOE low-level waste management forum: executive summary, technical and special session summaries, attendees  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This first volume of proceedings contains summaries of each of six technical sessions as well as three special sessions held during the conference. The six technical sessions were: Disposal technology and facility development (15 papers); Institutional and regulatory issues (10); Performance assessment (14); Waste characterization and verification (7); Site closure and stabilization (6); and Waste treatment (8). The three special sessions were: 1) Review of criteria for guidance on alternative disposal technology; 2) Hazardous waste regulatory update; and 3) Challenges to meeting the 1993 deadline. All papers have been indexed for inclusion on the Energy Data Base

319

Experimental plasma research project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the latest in a series of Project Summary books going back to 1976 and is the first after a hiatus of several years. They are published to provide a short description of each project supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of the Division of Applied Plasma Physics in the Office of Fusion Energy. The Experimental Plasma Research Branch seeks to provide a broad range of experimental data, physics understanding, and new experimental techniques that contribute to operation, interpretation, and improvement of high temperature plasma as a source of fusion energy. In pursuit of these objectives, the branch supports research at universities, DOE laboratories, other federal laboratories and industry. About 70 percent of the funds expended are spent at universities and a significant function of this program is the training of students in fusion physics. The branch supports small- and medium-scale experimental studies directly related to specific critical plasma issues of the magnetic fusion program. Plasma physics experiments are conducted on transport of particles and energy within plasma and innovative approaches for operating, controlling, and heating plasma are evaluated for application to the larger confinement devices of the magnetic fusion program. New diagnostic approaches to measuring the properties of high temperature plasmas are developed to the point where they can be applied with confidence on the large-scale confinement experiments. Atomic data necessary for impurity control, interpretation of diagnostic data, development of heating devices, and analysis of cooling by impurity ion radiation are obtained. The project summaries are grouped into these three categories of plasma physics, diagnostic development and atomic physics

320

Working Group 2 summary: Space charge effects in bending systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the start of the Workshop, the authors asked the Working Group 2 participants to concentrate on three basic goals: (1) survey the status of how comprehensively the physics concerning space-charge effects in bends is understood and how complete is the available ensemble of analytic and computational tools; (2) guided by data from experiments and operational experience, identify sources of, and cures for, beam degradation; and (3) review space-charge physics in rings and the limitations it introduces. As the Workshop unfolded, the third goal naturally folded into the other two goals, and these goals, they believe, were fulfilled in that the Working Group was able to compile an end product consisting of a set of recommendations for potentially fruitful future work. This summary constitutes an overview of the deliberations of the Working Group, and it is their hope that the summary clarifies the motivation for the recommended work listed at the end. The summary is organized according to the two aforementioned goals, and the prime topics of discussion appear as subsections under these goals

 
 
 
 
321

Hanford process review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is a summary of past incidents at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site. The purpose of the report is to provide the major, significant, nuclear-safety-related incidents which incurred at the Hanford Site in a single document for ease of historical research. It should be noted that the last major accident occurred in 1980. This document is a summary of reports released and available to the public in the DOE Headquarters and Richland public reading rooms. This document provides no new information that has not previously been reported. This report is not intended to cover all instances of radioactivity release or contamination, which are already the subject of other major reviews, several of which are referenced in Section 1.3

322

The Review of Particle Physics  

Science.gov (United States)

The Particle Physics Group (PDG) is an "international collaboration that reviews particle physics and related areas of Astrophysics, and compiles/analyzes data on particle properties." The Web site features the 2002 publication, The Review of Particle Physics, which is described as "the most cited publication in particle physics during the last decade." Visitors have access to summary tables and conservation laws; reviews, tables, and plots; and particle listings, which list, average, evaluate, and reference various data used. Other features include a link to particle physics information and databases, archives of past reports, and other helpful resources.

1995-01-01

323

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory waste management technology development activities. Summary progress report, 1979  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Summary reports on the Department of Energy's Nuclear Energy-sponsored waste management technology development projects at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory describe progress for calendar year 1979. Activities in airborne, low-level, and transuranic waste management areas are discussed. Work progress on waste assay, treatment, disposal, and environmental monitoring is reviewed

324

Data validation summary report for the 100-FR-3 Operable Unit Round 8 Groundwater  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The information provided in this validation summary report includes data from the chemical and radiochemical analyses of samples from the 100-FR-3 Operable Unit Groundwater Round 8. Data from this sampling event and their related quality assurance (QA) samples were reviewed and validated in accordance with Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) guidelines at the requested level

325

Some handbook references and a summary for ''EMP engineering and design principles''  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The material in this note contains a number of handbook-oriented references and also constitutes a brief review and summary for the copyrighted publication ''EMP Engineering and Design Principles,'' a book by the Electrical Protection Department, Loop Transmission Division, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, Whippany, New Jersey; copyrighted 1975. (WHK)

326

A summary of the results from LASS and the future of strange quark spectroscopy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper a summary is presented of results pertinent to strange quark spectroscopy derived from high statistics data on k-p interactions obtained with the LASS spectrometer at SLAC. The present status of strange meson spectroscopy is briefly reviewed, and the impact of the proposed KAON Factory on the future of the subject considered

327

The Effect of Summary Writing on Reading Comprehension: The Role of Mediation in EFL Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

Reading teachers focus more on the instruction of reading content or strategies, but pay relatively less attention to the impact of writing on reading comprehension. Based on mediation theory, the author examined the effect of summary writing about reading texts on readers' comprehension. By reviewing relevant literatures on the topic of…

Gao, Yang

2013-01-01

328

Commodity hardware and software summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A review is given of the talks and papers presented in the Commodity Hardware and Software Session at the CHEP97 conference. An examination of the trends leading to the consideration of PC`s for HEP is given, and a status of the work that is being done at various HEP labs and Universities is given.

Wolbers, S.

1997-04-01

329

Commodity hardware and software summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A review is given of the talks and papers presented in the Commodity Hardware and Software Session at the CHEP97 conference. An examination of the trends leading to the consideration of PC's for HEP is given, and a status of the work that is being done at various HEP labs and Universities is given

330

SKI SITE-94. Deep Repository Performance Assessment Project. Summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The function of SITE-94 is to provide the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) with the capacity and supporting knowledge needed for reviewing the Swedish nuclear industry's R and D programs and for reviewing license applications, as stipulated in Swedish legislation. The report is structured as a Performance Assessment exercise needed for input to decisions regarding repository safety, but the SITE-94 is neither a safety assessment nor a model for future assessments to be undertaken by the prospective licensee. The specific project objectives of SITE-94 comprise site evaluation, performance assessment methodology, canister integrity and radionuclide release and transport calculations. The main report (SKI-R--96-36) gives a detailed description of the many inter-related studies undertaken as part of the research project, while the present report presents a condensed summary of the main report. 46 refs

331

Detecting Terrorism Incidence Type from News Summary  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper presents the experiments to detect terrorism incidence type from news summary data. We have applied classification techniques on news summary data to analyze the incidence and detect the type of incidence. A number of experiments are conducted using various classification algorithms and results show that a simple decision tree classifier can learn incidence type with satisfactory results from news data.

Nizamani, Sarwat; Memon, Nasrullah

2012-01-01

332

Automatic Summary Assessment for Intelligent Tutoring Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary writing is an important part of many English Language Examinations. As grading students' summary writings is a very time-consuming task, computer-assisted assessment will help teachers carry out the grading more effectively. Several techniques such as latent semantic analysis (LSA), n-gram co-occurrence and BLEU have been proposed to…

He, Yulan; Hui, Siu Cheung; Quan, Tho Thanh

2009-01-01

333

Pilot Research Summaries, 1967-1970.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report contains one-page summaries of a majority of the 134 research studies funded through the Oklahoma Consortium on Research Development. The research covers the whole spectrum of academic topics , from nursing to ecology to art to politics.. Brief summaries of a majority of the 37 development seminars funded through the Consortium are…

Casey, James L.; Hayes, Larry K.

334

Abstraction and Flow Regulation Risk Assessment Summary  

...1 Abstraction and Flow Regulation Risk Assessment Summary 1. Summary The aims...in Northern Ireland are at risk or not at risk, with low or high confidence...a simple presence and absence assessment. A Tier 2 assessment refined the Tier 1 assessment by using a water balance...

335

Point Source Pressures Risk Assessment Summary  

...March 2005 Point Source Pressures Risk Assessment Summary 1. Summary We have...suggested by UKTAG for the risk assessment of point source pressures1. Point...in or may cause a risk to. The risk applied to each point source...

336

Summary Information report. Vol. 2, No. 3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Summary Information Report (SIR) provides summary data concerning NRC and its licensees for general use by the Chairman, other Commissioners and Commission staff offices, the Executive Director for Operations, and the Office Directors. SIR is published quarterly by the Management Information Branch (49-27834) of the Office of Resource Management

337

U.S. national summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In accordance with the guidance provided by IAEA, this summary provides a brief overview of the U.S. national nuclear power program, a discussion of issues or activities which may influence training and qualification programs, current changes or activities in the area of personnel training, and an overview of bilateral assistance activities. The U.S. Activities Summary (Power Point presentation slides), contain additional information. There are currently 103 operating nuclear power plants in the United States. Sixty-nine plants are pressurized water reactors and thirty-four are boiling water reactors. Since 1980, forty plants have been commissioned. The U.S program has experienced significant improvements in capacity factor (currently 90). Perhaps the biggest influence on training will be the impact of an aging workforce. A recent survey conducted by the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) has projected a need for 90,000 new employees in the nuclear industry (includes manufacturers, suppliers, nuclear power plants, Department of Energy National Laboratories and operating contractors, etc.) in the next 10 years. 26,000 of these positions are needed for staffing nuclear power plants. While qualified employees will be available to fill most positions, some shortages of nuclear engineers and health physicists are being projected. An increased emphasis on nuclear surety (safety and security) will also have some influences on staffing and training of personnel. The U.S. Nuclear d training of personnel. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has implemented several changes in the requirements for the licensing of reactor operators and senior reactor operators (includes shift supervisors). These changes are in the Code of Federal Regulations, 10 CFR Part 55 (i.e., 10 CFR 55). One change involves requirements for simulator certification. The requirement for initial certification to NRC of full-scope simulators and re-certification every 4 years has been eliminated. Industry experience has shown that most problems with simulator fidelity are discovered during operator training and not through periodic malfunction testing. The second change effects the initial licensing of operators. The regulations previously required 5 reactivity manipulations to be performed by a trainee on the actual plant. Due to improved simulator fidelity, the requirement for reactivity manipulations may now be met by performance of the evolutions on a full-scope simulator. The simulator core model must reflect the current core load. NRC has also changed 10 CFR 55 to allow the operating plant to prepare the initial written and operating examinations. This change was made to conserve NRC resources and reflects the ability of the plants to prepare high quality written and operating tests that better reflect plant-specific content. The U.S. continues to provide nuclear safety assistance for Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. The following is a brief summary of assistance in the training and simulator area of the International Nuclear Safety Program managed by the Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration. To date, 6 full-scope simulators, 4 full-scope simulator upgrades, and 4 analytical/multi-function simulators have been completed. The analytical simulators each have full-scope models and most have complete panel graphics. Three (3) full-scope simulators are under construction and 2 more are planned. This simulator development program, started in December 1994, is probably the largest such program ever undertaken by a single organization. The U.S. is continuing to provide training assistance in Ukraine and Armenia. Training assistance in Russia, Bulgaria, and Lithuania is to be completed this year. For simulator projects, training is also provided

338

Treating Sleep Apnea: A Review of the Research for Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

... Adults" /> Consumer Summary – Aug. 8, 2011 Treating Sleep Apnea: A Review of the Research for Adults Formats ... gov/apnea.cfm . Understanding Your Condition What is sleep apnea? Obstructive sleep apnea (pronounced AP-nee-ah), also ...

339

World Summary of ?S (2012)  

Science.gov (United States)

Determinations of the strong coupling strength, ?S, are summarised and a new world average value of ?S(MZ) is determined, using a new method of pre-averaging results within classes of measurements like hadronic ? decays, deep inelastic scattering processes, lattice calculations, electron-positron annihilation processes and electro-weak precision fits. The overall result is ?S(MZ)=0.1184±0.0007, unchanged from the value obtained in 2009. This presentation is an excerpt from the QCD review section of the 2012 Review of Particle Physics (RPP) of the Particle Data Group [J. Beringer et al., Phys. Rev. D86 (2012) 010001; http://pdg.lbl.gov/.]. An earlier version of this work was also given in [S. Bethke, Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 222-224 (2012) 94-100.].

Bethke, Siegfried

2013-01-01

340

Environmental report 1998, executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility operated by the University of California, serves as a national resource of scientific, technical, and engineering capabilities. The Laboratory's mission focuses on nuclear weapons and national security, and over the years has been broadened to include areas such as strategic defense, energy, the environment, biomedicine, technology transfer, the economy, and education. The Laboratory carries out this mission in compliance with local, state, and federal environmental regulatory requirements. It does so with the support of the Environmental Protection Department, which is responsible for environmental monitoring and analysis, hazardous waste management, environmental restoration, and assisting Laboratory organizations in ensuring compliance with environmental laws and regulations. LLNL comprises two sites: the Livermore site and Site 300. The Livermore site occupies an area of 3.28 square kilometers on the eastern edge of Livermore, California. Site 300, LLNL's experimental testing site, is located 24 kilometers to the east in the Altamont Hills, and occupies an area of 30.3 square kilometers. Environmental monitoring activities are conducted at both sites as well as in surrounding areas. This summary provides an overview of LLNL's environmental activities in 1998, including radiological and nonradiological surveillance, effluent, and compliance monitoring, remediation, assessment of radiological releases and doses, and determination of the impact of LLNL operations on the environment and public health.

Larson, J M; Harrach, R J; Althouse, P E; Bertoldo, N A; Biermann, A H; Blake, R G; Brandstetter, E R; Brigdon, S L; Brown, R A; Christofferson, E; Folks, K J; Gallegos, G M; Garcia, L M; Giesing, T A; Grayson, A R; Hall, L C; MacQueen, D H; Mathews, S; Peterson, S R; Taffet, M J; Tate, P J; Vellinger, R J; Ward, R J

1999-09-22

 
 
 
 
341

Fossil energy program. Summary document  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This program summary document presents a comprehensive overview of the research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities that will be performed in FY 1981 by the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (ASFE), US Department of Energy (DOE). The ASFE technology programs for the fossil resources of coal, petroleum (including oil shale) and gas have been established with the goal of making substantive contributions to the nation's future supply and efficienty use of energy. On April 29, 1977, the Administration submitted to Congress the National Energy Plan (NEP) and accompanying legislative proposals designed to establish a coherent energy policy structure for the United States. Congress passed the National Energy Act (NEA) on October 15, 1978, which allows implementation of the vital parts of the NEP. The NEP was supplemented by additional energy policy statements culminating in the President's address on July 15, 1979, presenting a program to further reduce dependence on imported petroleum. The passage of the NEA-related energy programs represent specific steps by the Administration and Congress to reorganize, redirect, and clarify the role of the Federal Government in the formulation and execution of national energy policy and programs. The energy technology RD and D prog4rams carried out by ASFE are an important part of the Federal Government's effort to provide the combination and amounts of energy resources needed to ensure national security and continued economic growth.

None

1980-05-01

342

Working Group Summary - Local Universe  

CERN Document Server

This is a summary of the discussions that took place in the working group dedicated to studies of the Local Universe. The authors are listed in alphabetical order, after the working group organiser, and are those who gave a presentation during the week in Crete; their contributions are incorporated here. During the group discussions we considered the various synergies that exist between future studies of individual stars and star formation regions at optical/IR wavelengths that will be possible with the E-ELT and those of the molecular and neutral gas in similar regions that will be possible with ALMA and SKA. The primary emphasise was on star formation; both on large and small scales. New facilities will allow more detailed insights into the properties of our own Galaxy and also allow us to make detailed comparisons with a range of more distant systems all forming stars at different rates from different initial conditions (e.g., metallicity) and with different spatial distributions.

Tolstoy, E; Beck, R; Brunthaler, A; Calamida, A; Fiorentino, G; van der Hulst, J M

2010-01-01

343

Annual Energy Review 2010  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This twenty-ninth edition of the Annual Energy Review (AER) presents the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) most comprehensive look at integrated energy statistics. The summary statistics on the Nation’s energy production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices cover all major energy commodities and all energy-consuming sectors of the U.S. economy from 1949 through 2010. The AER is EIA’s historical record of energy statistics and, because the coverage spans six decades, the statistics in this report are well-suited to long-term trend analysis.

None

2011-10-01

344

soe 2013 - foreword executive summary indicators and trends-3  

...Contents SOE 2013? iii Executive Summary Indicators and Trends v ix...Photograph credits 211 219 223 Executive Summary SOE 2013? iv A...Northern Ireland’s Environment 2013: Executive Summary Editors Pat Corker and Caroline...

345

18 CFR 385.217 - Summary disposition (Rule 217).  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Summary disposition (Rule 217). 385.217 Section 385...To Show Cause, Intervention, and Summary Disposition § 385.217 Summary disposition (Rule 217). (a) Applicability....

2010-04-01

346

Story Summary Visualizer Using L Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Visualization is an art where abstract data is graphically depicted to analyze the underlying knowledge inherent in the data. Documents can be considered as abstract data and document visualization is one area where the unbounded hidden knowledge in the documents can be clearly revealed using various visual techniques. Here in this study, we describe a Story Summary Visualizer which uses a novel method of biological story summary visualization based on Gestalt perception law. The visualizer takes children stories as input and generates summary of the stories using Relevance model. Later this summary information was used to model biological plants. Lindenmayer systems called as L systems which are fractal based techniques were used to model the plants applying gestalt similarity perception principle. The plants which are mathematically generated uses a set of iterative rules called productions applied over an axiom. This repetitive principle of applying productions results in the generation of biological plants which have the self inherent similarity within itself. This plant modeling technique uses the weighted sentence value of all the sentences in the story obtained from relevance model for generating the graftal based plant. Two plants are generated one story plant based on all the sentence weights and the summary plant is a child of the story which is extracted from the parent story plant. The summary plant helps in visualizing the summary sentence locations within the story and the summary sentence weights with respect to all story sentence weightages. This visualizer also helps in visual story analysis to know about spatial organization of the theme of the story and story summary orientation.

T. Mala

2008-01-01

347

Alternative Neutron Detection Testing Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Radiation portal monitors used for interdiction of illicit materials at borders include highly sensitive neutron detection systems. The main reason for having neutron detection capability is to detect fission neutrons from plutonium. Most currently deployed radiation portal monitors (RPMs) use neutron detectors based upon 3He-filled gas proportional counters, which are the most common large area neutron detector. This type of neutron detector is used in the TSA and other RPMs installed in international locations and in the Ludlum and Science Applications International Corporation RPMs deployed primarily for domestic applications. There is a declining supply of 3He in the world and, thus, methods to reduce the use of this gas in RPMs with minimal changes to the current system designs and sensitivity to cargo-borne neutrons are being investigated. Four technologies have been identified as being currently commercially available, potential alternative neutron detectors to replace the use of 3He in RPMs. These technologies are: 1) Boron trifluoride-filled proportional counters, 2) Boron-lined proportional counters, 3) Lithium-loaded glass fibers, and 4) Coated wavelength-shifting plastic fibers. Reported here is a summary of the testing carried out at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on these technologies to date, as well as measurements on 3He tubes at various pressures. Details on these measurements are available in the referenced reports. Sponsors of these tests include the Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Defense (DoD), as well as internal Pacific Northwest National Laboratory funds.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Ely, James H.; Erikson, Luke E.; Kernan, Warnick J.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Stromswold, David C.; Woodring, Mitchell L.

2010-04-08

348

Summary of ECE experimental sessions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Measurements of electron cyclotron emission (ece) have been carried out routinely on most major tokamaks for several years. A wide range of plasma conditions has been investigated by several groups working independently using a number of different measurement techniques and instruments. Further, a substantial expansion in this field is likely in the near future because of the possibility of using ece as a convenient and routine diagnostic on the electron temperature in the next generation of large plasmas, like JET, and because of the possibility of using ece as a diagnostic on other types of currently interesting plasmas like mirror plasmas. Experimental work is reviewed. (author)

349

Summary of Awards, Fiscal Year 1989  

Science.gov (United States)

Title : NSF9176 - Summary of Awards, Fiscal Year 1989 Type : Dir of Awards NSF Org: CISE Date ... Fiscal Year 1989 dollars but does not list multi-year standard awards made prior to Fiscal Year 1989 ...

350

Summary Of Awards Fiscal Year 1993  

Science.gov (United States)

Title : NSF 94-162 SUMMARY OF AWARDS FISCAL YEAR 1993 Type : Dir of Awards NSF Org: CISE Date ... Fiscal Year 1993 dollars but does not list multi-year standard awards made prior to Fiscal Year 1993 ...

351

Advanced Energy Projects FY 1990 research summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report serves as a guide to prepare proposals and provides summaries of the research projects active in FY 1990, sponsored by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences Division of Advanced Energy Projects, Department of Energy. (JF)

352

Binary NEAs Summary V1.0  

Science.gov (United States)

This data set includes a summary table of the characteristics of known binary near-Earth asteroids, compiled by Petr Pravec and Petr Scheirich. A list of references to the original observations is also included.

Pravec, P.; Scheirich, P.

2006-03-01

353

Summary of Sandia Laboratories technical capabilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The technical capabilities of Sandia Laboratories are detailed in a series of companion reports. In this summary the use of the capabilities in technical programs is outlined and the capabilities are summarized. 25 figures, 3 tables

354

TNX GeoSiphon{trademark} Summary Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report provides a summary of the TNX GeoSiphon Program results. The D-Area hydraulic results are utilized in conjunction with the TNX hydraulic results to provide a more complete interpretation of GeoSiphon hydraulics.

Phifer, M.A.

2001-07-10

355

Summary of SEGHOF Paper Presentations and Discussions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the first day of the workshop, all participants attended eight paper presentations. On the following two days, participants were separated into four groups with three focusing on human factors in modifications and the other focusing on minor and non-identified modifications. There were three discussion sessions during the workshop. Each discussion session was introduced by a paper presentation. This section summarizes the discussions about human factors in modification processes and the papers that are relevant to each discussion topic: 1. Operating Experience with Human Factors in Design - Costs and Benefits: Workshop participants shared their experience related to the incorporation of human factors in modifications. Incorporation of human factors in the modification process means systematically considering the capabilities and limitations of system users (anthropometric, perceptual, cognitive, physiological and motor response) through application of human factors methods and principles. The goal of incorporating human factors in the modification process is developing a user-centered design in which plant systems support operators and maintainers in fulfilling their responsibilities. The following costs and benefits are based on papers, presentations, and the experience of workshop participants. 2. Incorporating Human Factors into the Modification Process - Screening Process and Criteria: There was general agreement among workshop participants that a full humaong workshop participants that a full human factors review is not required for all modifications. In order to determine the level of human factors effort required, a screening process may be used. During this discussion session, the screening process and criteria were discussed. 3. Methods and Tools for Incorporating Human Factors in the Modification Process: NPPs must prepare a safety-related justification for modifications. The potential for staff, such as operators and maintainers, to impact on nuclear safety must be considered systematically as part of this safety-related justification. Results from the application of human factors methods are important for demonstrating that the modification will not have a negative impact on human performance. One group of workshop participants discussed human factors methods that are currently used when modifications are planned. The group discussion about methods and tools is supplemented by several papers which focused on methods. There was not time to discuss incorporation of human factors in temporary changes among SEGHOF participants. 4. Role of the Regulator in Human Factors in Design Changes - Summary of Discussions and Related Paper Presentations: Process-based approach, Role of the Regulator in Reviewing Design Changes, Role of Regulatory Human Factors Staff in Reviewing Design Changes. 5. Areas for Improvement: Areas for improvement were identified during the first discussion session and throughout the workshop. 6. Recommendations: In the final discussion group, SEGHOF participants discussed the areas for improvement and how they could be addressed. This discussion and the discussion in the plenary session resulted in the following recommendations: - Accumulate and publicize evidence demonstrating the value of human factors in design and human factors in general; - Improve the collection and dissemination of information about modification-relate d events with human performance causes; - Improve integration of human factors in modification processes, especially when modifications are minor; Ensure modification processes include provisions for human factors when design work is contracted out; Develop a human factors culture in modification design teams and in the workplace in general; Improve communication between human factors professionals and designers by developing a common language. There were several topics which were discussed briefly during this workshop which could be addressed in more detail in future discussions or workshops

356

Summary Management in P2P Systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sharing huge, massively distributed databases in P2P systems is inherently difficult. As the amount of stored data increases, data localization techniques become no longer suf- ficient. A practical approach is to rely on compact database summaries rather than raw database records, whose access is costly in large P2P systems. In this paper, we consider summaries that are synthetic, multidimensional views with two main virtues. First, they can be directly queried and used to approximately answe...

Hayek, Rabab; Raschia, Guillaume; Valduriez, Patrick; Mouaddib, Noureddine

2008-01-01

357

Review of energy policy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Following the accident at the Chernobyl reactor in April 1986, the 1986 Annual Delegate Conference of the Institution of Professional Civil Servants set up a Working Party to review the Institution's energy policy, including safety and environmental factors. The review is presented in two volumes as the basis for discussion by the members. Volume I is the main report. Section A, the introduction, includes a summary of the detailed conclusions and recommendations of the Working Party. Section B (chapters 4-12) concerns all aspects of nuclear power including fuel reprocessing and waste management. Section C (chapters 13-16) considers the alternatives to nuclear power and Section D (chapters 17-24) looks at the economic and social aspects of energy policy. The appendices, which contain the detailed technical and source information used by the Working Party in reaching its conclusions, are printed separately in Volume II. (UK)

358

Summary of existing uncertainty methods  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary of existing and most used uncertainty methods is presented, and the main features are compared. One of these methods is the order statistics method based on Wilks' formula. It is applied in safety research as well as in licensing. This method has been first proposed by GRS for use in deterministic safety analysis, and is now used by many organisations world-wide. Its advantage is that the number of potential uncertain input and output parameters is not limited to a small number. Such a limitation was necessary for the first demonstration of the Code Scaling Applicability Uncertainty Method (CSAU) by the United States Regulatory Commission (USNRC). They did not apply Wilks' formula in their statistical method propagating input uncertainties to obtain the uncertainty of a single output variable, like peak cladding temperature. A Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table (PIRT) was set up in order to limit the number of uncertain input parameters, and consequently, the number of calculations to be performed. Another purpose of such a PIRT process is to identify the most important physical phenomena which a computer code should be suitable to calculate. The validation of the code should be focused on the identified phenomena. Response surfaces are used in some applications replacing the computer code for performing a high number of calculations. The second well known uncertainty method is the Uncertainty Methodology Based on Accuracy Extrapolation (UMAE) and the follow-up method 'Code with the Capability of Internal Assessment of Uncertainty (CIAU)' developed by the University Pisa. Unlike the statistical approaches, the CIAU does compare experimental data with calculation results. It does not consider uncertain input parameters. Therefore, the CIAU is highly dependent on the experimental database. The accuracy gained from the comparison between experimental data and calculated results are extrapolated to obtain the uncertainty of the system code predictions for a nuclear power plant. A high effort is needed to provide the data base for deviations between experiment and calculation results in CIAU. That time and resource consuming process has been performed only by University of Pisa for the codes CATHARE and RELAP5 up to now. The data base is available only there. That is the reason why this method is only used by University of Pisa. (author)

359

Chapter 1: Overview and summary  

Science.gov (United States)

The ITER Physics Basis presents and evaluates the physics rules and methodologies for plasma performance projections, which provide the basis for the design of a tokamak burning plasma device whose goal is to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy for peaceful purposes. This Chapter summarizes the physics basis for burning plasma projections, which is developed in detail by the ITER Physics Expert Groups in subsequent chapters. To set context, the design guidelines and requirements established in the report of ITER Special Working Group 1 are presented, as are the specifics of the tokamak design developed in the Final Design Report of the ITER Engineering Design Activities, which exemplifies burning tokamak plasma experiments. The behaviour of a tokamak plasma is determined by the interaction of many diverse physics processes, all of which bear on projections for both a burning plasma experiment and an eventual tokamak reactor. Key processes summarized here are energy and particle confinement and the H-mode power threshold; MHD stability, including pressure and density limits, neoclassical islands, error fields, disruptions, sawteeth, and ELMs; power and particle exhaust, involving divertor power dispersal, helium exhaust, fuelling and density control, H-mode edge transition region, erosion of plasma facing components, tritium retention; energetic particle physics; auxiliary power physics; and the physics of plasma diagnostics. Summaries of projection methodologies, together with estimates of their attendant uncertainties, are presented in each of these areas. Since each physics element has its own scaling properties, an integrated experimental demonstration of the balance between the combined processes which obtains in a reactor plasma is inaccessible to contemporary experimental facilities: it requires a reactor scale device. It is argued, moreover, that a burning plasma experiment can be sufficiently flexible to permit operation in a steady state mode, with non-inductive plasma current drive, as well as in a pulsed mode where current is inductively driven. Overall, the ITER Physics Basis can support a range of candidate designs for a tokamak burning plasma facility. For each design, there will remain a significant uncertainty in the projected performance, but the projection methodologies outlined here do suffice to specify the major parameters of such a facility and form the basis for assuring that its phased operation will return sufficient information to design a prototype commercial fusion power reactor, thus fulfilling the goal of the ITER project.

ITER Physics Basis Editors; ITER Physics Expert Group Chairs; ITER Joint Central Team; Physics Integration Unit

1999-12-01

360

Veterinary anatomy : a historical review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

VETERINARY ANATOMY: A HISTORICAL REVIEW SUMMARY Veterinary anatomy has, since its inception, been intimately associated with medicine, and can thus not be viewed independently from human anatomy. The anatomy of Antiquity (500 BC - 500 AD) was characterised by superficial descriptions of structures. Because the dissection of human cadavers was banned for certain periods, animals were used as dissection models and the resulting information was simply applied to humans. In t...

Bezuidenhout, A. J.

1987-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Human Reliability Analysis: session summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) to identify and resolve human factors issues has significantly increased over the past two years. Today, utilities, research institutions, consulting firms, and the regulatory agency have found a common application of HRA tools and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA). The ''1985 IEEE Third Conference on Human Factors and Power Plants'' devoted three sessions to the discussion of these applications and a review of the insights so gained. This paper summarizes the three sessions and presents those common conclusions that were discussed during the meeting. The paper concludes that session participants supported the use of an adequately documented ''living PRA'' to address human factors issues in design and procedural changes, regulatory compliance, and training and that the techniques can produce cost effective qualitative results that are complementary to more classical human factors methods

362

Summaries of FY 1988 research in nuclear physics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarizes the research projects supported by the Division of Nuclear Physics in the Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, during FY 1986. This Division is a component of the Office of Energy Research, the basic research branch of the US Department of Energy, and provides about 80% of the funding for nuclear physics research in the United States. The objective of the Nuclear Physics program is to understand the interactions, properties, and structures of nuclei and nuclear matter and to understand the fundamental forces of nature as manifested in atomic nuclei. These summaries are intended to provide a convenient guide for those interested in the research supported by the Division of Nuclear Physics. The nuclear physics research summaries in this document were initially prepared by the investigators, then reviewed and edited by DOE staff. They describe the general character and goals of the research programs, current research efforts, especially significant recent results, and plans for the near future. The research summaries are organized into two groups: research programs at national laboratories and those at universities, with the material arranged alphabetically by institution. The names of all Ph.D.-level personnel who are primarily associated with the work are included. The FY 1988 funding levels are also provided. Included for the first time are activities of the nuclear data program, which was incorporated within nuclear physics in FY 1987. We remind the readers that this compilation is just an overview of the Nuclear Physics program. Primary publications should be used for reference to the work and for a more complete and accurate understanding

363

Summary of conceptual design study of fusion experimental reactor (FER)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 1980 the design study has been conducted at JAERI for the Fusion Experimental Reactor (FER) which has been proposed to be the next machine to JT-60 in the Japanese long term program of fusion reactor development. Starting from 1984 FER design is now being reviewed and redesigned. This report is the summary of the report which describes the results obtained in the review and redesign activities in 1984. The following three steps are followed in those activities ; critical issues study step in which FER critical issues were reviewed and the frame of FER design was revised, torus structure selection step in which a few options within the frame for FER were examined and design step in which major components of the torus structure were designed. The newly established frame for FER design is as follows : 1) Plasma : Self-ignition, 2) Operation scenario : Quasi-steady state operation with long burn pulse, 3) Neutron fluence on the first wall : 0.3 MWY/m2, 4) Blanket : Non-tritium breeding blanket with test modules for breeding blanket development, 5) Magnets : Superconducting Magnets. (author)

364

Clean Coal Technology: Region 4 Market Description, South Atlantic. Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Region 4 Market Description Summary provides information that can be used in developing an understanding of the potential markets for clean coal technologies (CCTs) in the South Atlantic Region. This region (which geographically is Federal Region 4) consists of the following eight states: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. In order to understand the potential market. A description is provided of the region`s energy use, power generation capacity, and potential growth. Highlights of state government activities that could have a bearing on commercial deployment of CCTs are also presented. The potential markets characterized in this summary center on electric power generation by investor-owned, cooperative, and municipal electric utilities and involve planned new capacity additions and actions taken by utilities to comply with Phases I and II of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990. Regulations, policies, utility business strategies, and organizational changes that could impact the role of CCTs as a utility option are identified and discussed. The information used to develop the Region 4 Market Description is based mainly on an extensive review of plans and annual reports of 29 investor-owned, cooperative, and municipal coal-using electric utilities and public information on strategies and actions for complying with the CAAA of 1990.

1993-09-01

365

Summary report of session VI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report gives a brief review of the presentations in Session VI of the Ecloud'02 Workshop and summarizes the major points during the discussions. Some points (e.g., the critical mass phenomenon) are not conclusive and even controversial. But it has been agreed that further investigations are warranted. The topic of Session VI in the Ecloud'02 workshop is ''Discussions of future studies, collaborations and possible solutions.'' Half of the session is devoted to presentations, another half to discussions. This report will focus on the latter. There are six presentations: (1) R. Macek, Possible cures to the e-cloud problem; (2) G. Rumolo, Driving the electron-cloud instability by an electron cooler; (3) U. Iriso Ariz, RF test benches for electron-cloud studies; (4) F. Caspers, Stealth clearing electrodes; (5) F. Ruggiero, Future electron-cloud studies at CERN; and (6) E. Perevedentsev, Beam-beam and transverse impedance model.

Weiren Chou et al.

2002-08-19

366

Summary of Conceptual Tourist Planning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years, tourist pianning has experiences a transition from micro to macro direction because of the rapid development of tourism. The problem of the conceptual tourist planning has been becoming one of the most important fields at home and abroad. In this situation conceptual tourist planning comes into being in time, and has more characteristics of strategic, innovation, flexibility, and a general framework. Because of rapid development of the tourist industry today, conceptual tourist planning will face new opportunities and challenges in order to have a qualitative leap in the tourist industry. There must be comprehensive analysis of the development situation of the conceptual tourist planning. Through comprehensive analysis of the relevant research literatures, this paper makes a comprehensive review from aspects of the history and current situation, the nature, functions, research items and problems in conceptual planning travel. From the research, the breadth and depth of study, research into the technical line of analysis, forecasting and conceptual planning will ultimately develop toward standardized and systematic, scientific and strategic directions.

ZUO Tai-an

2009-01-01

367

Experimental review of J/psi decays  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is a review of J/psi physics from e/sup +/e/sup -/ colliders presented at the Charm Workshop in Beijing, China. The review includes a brief historical summary of J/psi physics, a general discussion of theoretical models and detailed results on radiative and hadronic J/psi decays from the Mark III, DM2, Crystal Ball and MARK II groups. 119 refs., 13 figs., 10 tabs.

Toki, W.H.

1987-09-01

368

Experimental review of J/psi decays  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is a review of J/psi physics from e+e- colliders presented at the Charm Workshop in Beijing, China. The review includes a brief historical summary of J/psi physics, a general discussion of theoretical models and detailed results on radiative and hadronic J/psi decays from the Mark III, DM2, Crystal Ball and MARK II groups. 119 refs., 13 figs., 10 tabs

369

Transuranic waste form characterization and data base. Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Transuranic Waste Form Characterization and Data Base (Volume 1) provides a wide range of information from which a comprehensive data base can be established and from which standards and criteria can be developed for the present NRC waste management program. Supplementary information on each of the areas discussed in Volume 1 is presented in Appendices A through K (Volumes 2 and 3). The structure of the study (Volume 1) is outlined and appendices of Volumes 2 and 3 correlate with each main section of the report. The Executive Summary reviews the sources, quantities, characteristics and treatment of transuranic wastes in the United States. Due to the variety of potential treatment processes for transuranic wastes, the end products for long-term storage may have corresponding variations in quantities and characteristics

370

Oak Ridge Reservation annual site environmental report summary for 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) requires an annual site environmental report from each of the sites operating under its authority. The reports present the results from the various environmental monitoring and surveillance programs carried out during the year. In addition to meeting the DOE requirement, the reports also document compliance with various state and federal laws and regulations. This report was published to fulfill those requirements for the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) for calendar year 1995. The report is based on thousands of environmental samples collected on and around the ORR and analyzed during the year. The data on which the report is based are published in Environmental Monitoring and Surveillance on the Oak Ridge Reservation: 1995 Data (ES/ESH-71). Both documents are highly detailed. This summary report is meant for readers who are interested in the monitoring results but who do not need to review the details

371

T-expansion - a short review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The t-expansion is a nonperturbative calculational tool recently developed for Hamiltonian systems. A short review of the method is given. It is followed by a summary of applications to two dimensional spin systems and to four dimensional non-abelian lattice gauge theories. 5 refs., 3 figs

372

Summary of Dissolved Concentration Limits  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

According to the Technical Work Plan titled Technical Work Plan for Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report for SR (CRWMS M and O 2000a), the purpose of this study is to perform abstractions on solubility limits of radioactive elements based on the process-level information and thermodynamic databases provided by Natural Environment Program Operations (NEPO) and Waste Package Operations (WPO). The scope of this analysis is to produce solubility limits as functions, distributions, or constants for all transported radioactive elements identified by the Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) radioisotope screening. Results from an expert elicitation for solubility limits of most radioactive elements were used in the previous Total System Performance Assessments (TSPAs). However, the elicitation conducted in 1993 does not meet the criteria set forth by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) due to lack of documentation and traceability (Kotra et al. 1996, Section 3). Therefore, at the Waste Form Abstraction Workshop held on February 2-4, 1999, at Albuquerque, New Mexico, the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) decided to develop geochemical models to study solubility for the proposed Monitored Geologic Repository. WPO/NEPO is to develop process-level solubility models, including review and compilation of relevant thermodynamic data. PAO's responsibility is to perform abstractions based on the process models and chemical conditions and to produce solubility distributions or response surfaces applicable to the proposed repository. The results of this analysis and conceptual model will feed the performance assessment for Total System Performance Assessment--Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and Total System Performance Assessment--License Application (TSPA-LA), and to the Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report section on concentration limits

373

Summary of Dissolved Concentration Limits  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

According to the Technical Work Plan titled Technical Work Plan for Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report for SR (CRWMS M&O 2000a), the purpose of this study is to perform abstractions on solubility limits of radioactive elements based on the process-level information and thermodynamic databases provided by Natural Environment Program Operations (NEPO) and Waste Package Operations (WPO). The scope of this analysis is to produce solubility limits as functions, distributions, or constants for all transported radioactive elements identified by the Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) radioisotope screening. Results from an expert elicitation for solubility limits of most radioactive elements were used in the previous Total System Performance Assessments (TSPAs). However, the elicitation conducted in 1993 does not meet the criteria set forth by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) due to lack of documentation and traceability (Kotra et al. 1996, Section 3). Therefore, at the Waste Form Abstraction Workshop held on February 2-4, 1999, at Albuquerque, New Mexico, the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) decided to develop geochemical models to study solubility for the proposed Monitored Geologic Repository. WPO/NEPO is to develop process-level solubility models, including review and compilation of relevant thermodynamic data. PAO's responsibility is to perform abstractions based on the process models and chemical conditions and to produce solubility distributions or response surfaces applicable to the proposed repository. The results of this analysis and conceptual model will feed the performance assessment for Total System Performance Assessment--Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and Total System Performance Assessment--License Application (TSPA-LA), and to the Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report section on concentration limits.

Yueting Chen

2001-06-11

374

Unresolved safety issues summary: aqua book  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The unresolved safety issues summary is designed to provide the management of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission with a quarterly overview of the progress and plans for completion of generic tasks addressing unresolved safety issues reported to Congress pursuant to Section 210 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 as amended. This summary utilizes data collected from the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, and the National Laboratories and is prepared by the Office of Resource Management. The schedules in this book include a milestone at the end of each action plan which represents the initiation of the implementation process both with respect to incorporation of the technical resolution in the NRC official guidance or requirements and also the application of changes to individual operating plants. The progress and status for implementation of unresolved safety issues for which a technical resolution has been completed are reported specifically in a separate table provided in this summary

375

Summaries of FY 1995 engineering research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The individual engineering project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution and so the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1995. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1995 appears to the right of title; it is followed by the budget activity number. These numbers categorize the projects for budgetary purposes and the categories are described in the budget number index. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-mail address, where available. The fiscal year in which either the project began or was renewed and the anticipated duration in years are indicated respectively by the first two and last digits of the sequence directly below the budget activity number. The summary description of the project completes the entry.

NONE

1996-03-01

376

Summary of the ECLOUD'04 Workshop  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 31st ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on Electron-Cloud Effects ''ECLOUD'04'' was held April 19-23, 2004 at Napa, CA, USA. A broad range of current topics in this field were illuminated by 53 talks in 7 sessions plus 6 session summaries at the final summary session. These covered a variety of experimental methods and results, along with progress on understanding of the topic obtained from simulations and analytic theory, and evaluations of the effectiveness of various methods/mechanisms for mitigation of the adverse impact on accelerator performance. In addition, a panel discussion was held on ''Future Needs and Future Directions''. A summary of progress on the major themes covered at ECLOUD'04 is presented

377

Parkland College ICCB Accountability/Program Review Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document presents data from the 2002 Accountability Program Review of Parkland College, Illinois. The data, for fiscal years 1997-2001, is presented in tables, and is divided into three parts: (1) Program Review Summaries. This section offers data covering student headcounts, attempted credit hours, and percentage of completers. The section…

Parkland Coll., Champaign, IL. Office of Institutional Research and Evaluation.

378

The summary of national environmental restoration needs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Office of Technology Development of the US Department of Energy (DOE) has directed the Savannah River Technology Center to implement an Integrated Demonstration Program at Savannah River Site to assess new environmental remediation systems and technologies and transfer them to other DOE sites and private industry for use in full-scale remediation efforts. The first phase of the Integrated Demonstration Program is coming to a successful conclusion and the Savannah River Technology Center has asked a panel of environmental experts to prioritize national, DOE, and Savannah River Site environmental problems and make programmatic recommendations for future technology research and demonstrations. This document is a summary of national and DOE environmental problems that are common to Savannah River Site and was created as a decision making tool for the expert panel. There are many diverse environmental problems, therefore the summary has been limited to environmental problems that are significant to the Savannah River Site. National environmental problems identified in the summary are soil and water contaminated with organic compounds. Specifically, groundwater contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquid hydrocarbons was found to be a significant national environmental problem. The DOE environmental problems identified in the summary are soil and water contaminated with fuel and chlorinated hydrocarbon compounds, metal compounds, and radioactive elements. Savannah River Site environmental problems identified in the summary are soil and groundwater contaminated with chlorinated hydrocarbons, metal compounds, tritiated water, and other radioactive elements. Technology deficiencies that were identified in the summary were deficiencies in in situ remediation technologies, in situ characterization technologies, and in situ isolation and containment technologies

379

Automatically Generating Summary Visualizations from Game Logs  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper we describe a system called ViGLS (Visualization of Game Log Summaries) that generates summaries of gameplay sessions from game logs. ViGLS automatically produces visualization of the summarized actions that are extracted based on cognitive models of summarization. ViGLS is implemented using a service-oriented architecture, de-coupling the summarization methods from any particular game engine being used. The camera code libraries used in visualization are based on constraint based camera control approaches and, in our implementation, make use of the scripting layer of the Unreal game engine.

Yun-Gyung, Cheong; Jhala, Arnav

2008-01-01

380

Nuclear thermal rocket clustering: 1, A summary of previous work and relevant issues  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A general review of the technical merits of nuclear thermal rocket clustering is presented. A summary of previous analyses performed during the Rover program is presented and used to assess clustering in the context of projected Space Exploration Initiative missions. A number of technical issues are discussed including cluster reliability, engine-out operation, neutronic coupling, shutdown core power generation, shutdown reactivity requirements, reactor kinetics, and radiation shielding. 7 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs

 
 
 
 
381

A short summary on finite element modelling of fatigue crack closure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents a short summary pertaining to the finite element modelling of fatigue crack closure. Several key issues related to finite element modelling of fatigue crack closure are highlighted: element type, mesh refinement, stabilization of crack closure, crack-tip node release scheme, constitutive model, specimen geometry, stress-states (i.e., plane stress, plane strain), crack closure monitoring. Reviews are presented for both straight and deflected cracks

382

A short summary on finite element modelling of fatigue crack closure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents a short summary pertaining to the finite element modelling of fatigue crack closure. Several key issues related to finite element modelling of fatigue crack closure are highlighted: element type, mesh refinement, stabilization of crack closure, crack-tip node release scheme, constitutive model, specimen geometry, stress-states (i.e., plane stress, plane strain), crack closure monitoring. Reviews are presented for both straight and deflected cracks.

Singh, Konjengbam Darunkumar [Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati (India); Parry, Matthew Roger [Airbus Operations Ltd, Bristol(United Kingdom); Sinclair, Ian [University of Southampton, Southampton (United Kingdom)

2011-12-15

383

Data validation summary report for the 100-BC-5 Operable Unit Round 8 Groundwater Sampling  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The information provided in this validation summary report includes data from the chemical analyses of samples from the 100-BC-5 Operable Unit Round 8 Groundwater Sampling Investigation. All of the data from this sampling event and their related quality assurance samples were reviewed and validated to verify that the reported sample results were of sufficient quality to support decisions regarding remedial actions performed at this site. Sample analyses included metals, general chemistry and radiochemistry

384

BPA/Puget Power Northwest Washington Transmission Project. Summary of the Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact statement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In November 1993, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). and Whatcom County (Washington) published a draft environmental impact statement (DEIS) for the proposed Northwest Washington Transmission Project. In order to present some shifts in need for the project and to permit additional review, BPA and Whatcom County have elected to issue a Supplemental Draft EIA. This Summary presents background material, explains project needs and purposes, and then focuses on alternatives and the possible effects

385

Summary Report of Consultants' Meeting on Compilation and Evaluation of ?-Ray Data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A summary is given of a Consultants' Meeting assembled to assess current needs in reaction ?-ray data. Participants reviewed the state-of-affairs regarding experimental techniques, new measurements, and new evaluation methods. They concluded that there is urgent need for a Reference Database that would contain a compilation and evaluation of the available reaction ?-ray data. To achieve that they recommended that the IAEA initiate a Coordinated Research Project. (author)

386

AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL MAINTENANCE 1. UNIT XXX, I--CATERPILLAR DIESEL ENGINE MAINTENANCE SUMMARY, II--REIEWING FACTS ABOUT ALTERNATORS.  

Science.gov (United States)

THIS MODULE OF A 30-MODULE COURSE IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE A SUMMARY OF DIESEL ENGINE MAINTENANCE FACTORS AND A REVIEW OF DIESEL ENGINE ALTERNATOR OPERATION. THE SEVEN SECTIONS COVER DIESEL ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING AND THE OPERATION, TESTING, AND ADJUSTING OF ALTERNATORS. THE MODULE CONSISTS OF A SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL BRANCH PROGRAMED TRAINING FILM…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

387

Presentation summary, safety design aspects and U.S. licensing challenges of the pebble bed modular reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This presentation consists of three sections: An overview of the status of the PBMR project in South Africa, a review of the design features and philosophy being utilized to design the PBMR, and a summary of the key licensing issues that Exelon has identified in assessing the licensability of the PBMR for application in this country

388

Summary report of consultants' meeting on IAEA international database on irradiated nuclear graphite properties  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The '9th Meeting of the Technical Steering Committee for the International Database on Irradiated Nuclear Graphite Properties' was held on 26-27 March 2007 at the IAEA Headquarters, Vienna, Austria. All discussions, recommendations and actions of this Consultants' Meeting are recorded in this report. The purposes of the meeting were to review the matters and actions identified in the previous meeting, undertake a review of the current status of the database and make recommendations for actions for the next year. This report contains the current status of the identified actions as well as a summary of the recommendations on enhancements to the database. (author)

389

Emerging Answers: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy (Summary)  

Science.gov (United States)

Released on May 30, 2001, by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, this new report by Dr. Douglas Kirby reviews some 250 studies on teen pregnancy programs. The review finds that long-term programs have made a genuine difference in teen pregnancy, abortion, and birth rates, the last of which is now at its lowest level recorded. Kirby's study also finds no evidence that "abstinence-only" programs are effective or that sex education that covers contraception increases sexual activity. At the site, visitors may download a 21-page summary of the report, the press release, a FAQ, and related information.

Kirby, Douglas

2001-01-01

390

Book Review: Book review  

Science.gov (United States)

The subject of the theory of vibrations has carried an aesthetic appeal to generations of engineering students for its richness of ideas, and for the intellectual challenges it offers. Also, the diverse range of its applications (covering civil, mechanical, automotive, and aerospace structures) has provided obvious motivations for its study. For most students, the subject provides, perhaps, the first encounter in substantial application of mathematical tools (differential equations, calculus of variations, Fourier/Laplace transforms, and matrix algebra) to engineering problems. The intimate relationship that the subject of mechanics has with mathematics strikes home probably for the first time. While teaching this subject, the instructor is spoilt for choice in selecting a text book and so are the students who wish to pursue a self-study of the subject. Many luminaries in the field have offered their own exposition of the subject: starting from the classics of Rayleigh, Timoshenko, Den Hartog, Bishop and Johnson, and the works of more recent vintage (e.g., the books by Meirovich, Clough, and Penzien, and works with computational flavour, such as, those by Bathe and Petyt), several works easily come to one's mind. Given this milieu, it requires a distinctive conviction to write a new book on this subject. And, here we have a book, written by a practitioner, which aims to deal with fundamental aspects of vibrations of engineering systems. The scepticism that this reviewer had on the need for having one more such book vanished as he browsed through the book and read selectively a few sections. The author's gift for elegant explanations is immediately noticeable even in such a preliminary reading. After a more careful reading, the reviewer has found this book to be insightful and he considers the book to be a welcome addition to the family of books on vibration engineering. The author has struck a fine balance between physical explanations, mathematical niceties, theory & experiments, and engineering applications.

Manohar, C. S.

2015-02-01

391

SNAP and AI Fuel Summary Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The SNAP and AI Fuel Summary Report provides a detailed overview of treatment and storage of these fuels from fabrication through current storage including design parameters and reactor history. Chemical and physical characteristics are described, and potential indicators of as-stored fuel conditions are emphasized

392

Fleet DNA Project Data Summary Report (Presentation)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This presentation includes graphical data summaries that highlight statistical trends for medium- and heavy-duty commercial fleet vehicles operating in a variety of vocations. It offers insight for the development of vehicle technologies that reduce costs, fuel consumption, and emission.

Walkowicz, K.; Duran, A.; Burton, E.

2014-04-01

393

Summary of experimental results and future opportunities  

CERN Document Server

This article is based on the summary talk presented at the XVII International Symposium on Lepton-Photon Interactions in Beijing, China, on 15 August 1995. It includes a selection of highlights of experimental results and future plans of different laboratories, as seen by each Laboratory Management. It also presents some particle physics experiments underground and in space.

Ting, Samuel C C

1996-01-01

394

COAL GASIFICATION ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SUMMARY: ORGANICS  

Science.gov (United States)

The report summarizes the organics data from environmental assessments of several low- and medium-Btu coal gasification processes conducted between 1977 and 1981 under the sponsorship of the U.S. EPA. The data summary focuses on the concentration, composition, and mass flow of or...

395

Quantum-classical hybrid dynamics - a summary  

CERN Document Server

A summary of a recently proposed description of quantum-classical hybrids is presented, which concerns quantum and classical degrees of freedom of a composite object that interact directly with each other. This is based on notions of classical Hamiltonian mechanics suitably extended to quantum mechanics.

Elze, Hans-Thomas

2013-01-01

396

SANTA MONICA BAY RESTORATION PLAN, PUBLIC SUMMARY  

Science.gov (United States)

This Public Summary brings together the scientific characterization of the Bay described in the SMBRP's "State of the Bay 1993" report and other technical investigations, along with the Project's recommendations or action that comprise the Bay Restoration Plan. With over 200 acti...

397

Nevada Test Site Environmental Report 2007 Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) directs the management and operation of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The NTS is the nation's historical testing site for nuclear weapons from 1951 through 1992 and is currently the nation's unique site for ongoing national-security related missions and high-risk operations. NNSA/NSO strives to provide to the public an understanding of the current activities on the NTS, including environmental monitoring and compliance activities aimed at protecting the public and the environment from radiation hazards and from nonradiological impacts. This document is a summary of the Nevada Test Site Environmental Report (NTSER) for calendar year 2007 (see attached compact disc on inside back cover). The NTSER is a comprehensive report of environmental activities performed at the NTS and offsite facilities over the previous calendar year. It is prepared annually to meet the requirements and guidelines of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the information needs of NNSA/NSO stakeholders. To provide an abbreviated and more readable version of the NTSER, this summary report is produced. This summary does not include detailed data tables, monitoring methods or design, a description of the NTS environment, or a discussion of all environmental program activities performed throughout the year. The reader may obtain a hard copy of the full NTSER as directed on the inside front cover of this summary report.

Cathy Wills

2008-09-01

398

Nevada Test Site Summary 2006 (Volume 2)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) directs the management and operation of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The NTS is the nation's historical testing site for nuclear weapons from 1951 through 1992 and is currently the nation's unique site for ongoing national-security-related missions and high-risk operations. NNSA/NSO strives to provide to the public an understanding of the current activities on the NTS, including environmental monitoring and compliance activities aimed at protecting the public and the environment from radiation hazards and from nonradiological impacts. This document is a summary of the Nevada Test Site Environmental Report (NTSER) for calendar year 2006 (see attached compact disc on inside back cover). The NTSER is a comprehensive report of environmental activities performed at the NTS and its satellite facilities over the previous calendar year. It is prepared annually to meet the requirements and guidelines of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the information needs of NNSA/NSO stakeholders. To provide an abbreviated and more readable version of the NTSER, this summary report is produced. This summary does not include detailed data tables, monitoring methods or design, a description of the NTS environment, or a discussion of all environmental program activities performed throughout the year. The reader may obtain a hard copy of the full NTSER as directed on the inside front cover of this summary report.

Cathy Wills

2007-10-01

399

Nevada Test Site Environmental Summary Report 2006  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) directs the management and operation of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The NTS is the nation's historical testing site for nuclear weapons from 1951 through 1992 and is currently the nation's unique site for ongoing national-security related missions and high-risk operations. NNSA/NSO strives to provide to the public an understanding of the current activities on the NTS, including environmental monitoring and compliance activities aimed at protecting the public and the environment from radiation hazards and from nonradiological impacts. This document is a summary of the Nevada Test Site Environmental Report (NTSER) for calendar year 2006 (see attached compact disc on inside back cover). The NTSER is a comprehensive report of environmental activities performed at the NTS and its satellite facilities over the previous calendar year. It is prepared annually to meet the requirements and guidelines of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the information needs of NNSA/NSO stakeholders. To provide an abbreviated and more readable version of the NTSER, this summary report is produced. This summary does not include detailed data tables, monitoring methods or design, a description of the NTS environment, or a discussion of all environmental program activities performed throughout the year. The reader may obtain a hard copy of the full NTSER as directed on the inside front cover of this summary report.

Cathy Wills

2007-10-01

400

Summary of beryllium specifications, current and historical  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes beryllium properties included in producer, Department of Energy, and government specifications. The specifications are divided into two major categories: current and historical. Within each category the data are arranged primarily according to increasing purity and secondarily by increasing tensile properties. Qualitative comments on formability and weldability are included. Also, short summaries of powder production and consolidation techniques are provided.

Abeln, S.P.; Kyed, P.

1990-12-28

 
 
 
 
401

Computer software summaries. Numbers 1 through 423  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The National Energy Software Center (NESC) serves as the software exchange and information center for the US Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. A major activity of the Center is the preparation and publication of two reports issued periodically - the Center's compilation of program abstracts, ANL-7411, and this software summaries report, ANL-8040. The abstracts describe the softward packages available in the software exchange library maintained and distributed by the Center. The summaries describe agency-sponsored software that is at the specification stage, under development, being checked out, in use, or available at agency offices, laboratories, and contractor installations. Summaries describe software that is not included in the NESC library due to its preliminary status or because it is believed to be of limited interest. The purpose of the summaries report is to keep agency and contractor personnel informed as to the existence, status, and availability of computer programs within the agency, and thereby minimize duplication costs and maximize the value of agency software development efforts

402

Summaries of FY 1997 engineering research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1997, it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The individual project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution; the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1997. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1997 appears to the right of address. The summary description of the project completes the entry. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-main address, where available.

NONE

1998-09-01

403

Advanced Energy Projects: FY 1993, Research summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AEP has been supporting research on novel materials for energy technology, renewable and biodegradable materials, new uses for scientific discoveries, alternate pathways to energy efficiency, alternative energy sources, innovative approaches to waste treatment and reduction, etc. The summaries are grouped according to projects active in FY 1993, Phase I SBIR projects, and Phase II SBIR projects. Investigator and institutional indexes are included

404

4.11 Summary and Conclusions  

Science.gov (United States)

This document is part of Subvolume A 'Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection' of Volume 7 'Medical Radiological Physics' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'. It contains the Section '4.11 Summary and Conclusions' of the Chapter '4 Dosimetry in Nuclear Medicine Diagnosis and Therapy'.

Noßke, D.; Mattsson, S.; Johansson, L.

405

HYDROLOGICAL SIMULATION PROGRAM. FORTRAN (HSPF): EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  

Science.gov (United States)

This executive summary introduces water resource managers, engineers, and programmers to the Hydrological Simulation Program--FORTRAN and provides them with information that can help them in deciding whether HSPF would be useful and practical for them to use. HSPF uses digital co...

406

FAIR - Baseline technical report. Executive summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document presents the Executive Summary, the first of six volumes comprising the 2006 Baseline Technical Report (BTR) for the international FAIR project (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research). The BTR provides the technical description, cost, schedule, and assessments of risk for the proposed new facility. The purpose of the BTR is to provide a reliable basis for the construction, commissioning and operation of FAIR. The BTR is one of the central documents requested by the FAIR International Steering Committee (ISC) and its working groups, in order to prepare the legal process and the decisions on the construction and operation of FAIR in an international framework. It provides the technical basis for legal contracts on contributions to be made by, so far, 13 countries within the international FAIR Consortium. The BTR begins with this extended Executive Summary as Volume 1, which is also intended for use as a stand-alone document. The Executive Summary provides brief summaries of the accelerator facilities, the scientific programs and experimental stations, civil construction and safety, and of the workproject structure, costs and schedule. (orig.)

407

Federal Communications Commission Annual Report Summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

Federal Communications Commission's activities during Fiscal Year 1972 are summarized. The actions of the agency in specific areas; i.e., broadcast, cable television, field engineering, etc., are succinctly stated. Highlights of FY 1972 are presented chronologically at the end of the summary. (MC)

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

408

Ecology of Students' Achievement Expectations. Executive Summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

A summary is presented of a study addressing three major questions concerning student mediation of teacher expectancy effects upon the performance and self-concept of elementary school students. These questions were: (1) Are there developmental differences in children's capacity to perceive differential treatment (toward others as well as…

Weinstein, Rhona S.; Marshall, Hermine H.

409

Advanced fusion concepts project summaries: 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains descriptions of the activities of all the projects supported by the Advanced Fusion Concepts Branch of the Office of Fusion Energy, US Department of Energy. These descriptions are project summaries of each of the individual projects, and contain the following: title, principle investigators, funding levels, purpose, approach, progress, plans, milestones, graduate students, graduates, other professional staff, and recent publications

410

Advanced Fusion Concepts project summaries, FY 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains descriptions of the activities of all the projects supported by the Advanced Fusion Concepts Branch of the Office of Fusion Energy, U.S. Department of Energy. These descriptions are project summaries of each of the individual projects, and contain the following: title, principle investigators, funding levels, purpose, approach, progress, plans, milestones, graduate students, graduates, other professional staff, and recent publications

411

Reliability and maintainability seminar: summary of proceedings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following are described briefly: Overview of the Federal Reliability and Maintainability Program Plan, Summary of Proceedngs, Overview of Southern Solar Energy Center Programs, and Solar Domestic Hot Water Design Guidelines Handbook. Also included are the Seminar Agenda and the list of Seminar Attendees. (MHR)

Beek, C. R.

1981-04-01

412

Physics through the 1990s: A summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary presents some highlights of the recently released physics survey Physics Through the 1990s. The purpose of the survey is to provide an authoritative research assessment of the major fields of physics. To accomplish that, the Physics Survey Committee prepared six volumes on the fields of physics and two cross-cutting volumes - Scientific interfaces and Technological Applications and An Overview. This brief summary can do little more than pique the reader's interest in the more complete treatment in those eight volumes, which provide convincing documentation of a physics enterprise that is vital and productive. The summary is organized into three parts. The first part sketches the progress that has occurred over the past decade and gives an indication of where the field is headed. Only a few highlights have been included; in each field of physics, important elements have been omitted for the sake of brevity. The second part relates physics to other sciences and the needs of society. The first two sections are quite selective; applications have received strong emphasis as a principal theme of this summary. The third part indicates some of the requirements for maintaining excellence in physics and includes a brief synopsis of the major recommendations of the Physics Survey Committee

413

Systematic evaluation program. Status summary report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Status summaries concerning legal aspects of the reactors are presented for Dresden-1 reactor, Dresden-2 reactor, Big Rock Point reactor, Ginna-1 reactor, Connecticut Yankee reactor, LACBWR reactor, Millstone-1 reactor, Oyster Creek-1 reactor, Palisades-1 reactor, San Onofore-1 reactor, and Rowe Yankee reactor

414

Hawaii energy strategy: Executive summary, October 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is an executive summary to a report on the Hawaii Energy Strategy Program. The topics of the report include the a description of the program including an overview, objectives, policy statement and purpose and objectives; energy strategy policy development; energy strategy projects; current energy situation; modeling Hawaii`s energy future; energy forecasts; reducing energy demand; scenario assessment, and recommendations.

NONE

1995-10-01

415

Beryllium in aircraft brakes - a summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Beryllium has been in use in aircraft brakes for ten years. During the original design phases of the several aircraft programs using beryllium a number of problems requiring solution confronted the designers. In actual service the solution to these problems performed much better than had been anticipated. A summary is presented. (author)

416

Direct conversion technology: Annual summary report CY 1988  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall objective of the Direct Conversion Technology task is to develop an experimentally verified technology base for promising direct thermal-to-electric energy conversion systems that have potential application for energy conservation in the end-use sectors. This report contains progress of research on the Alkali Metal Thermal-to-Electric Converter (AMTEC), and on the Two-Phase Liquid-Metal MHD Electrical Generator (LMMHD) for the period January 1988 through December 1988. Research on these concepts was initiated during October 1987. In addition, status reviews and assessments are presented for thermomagnetic converter concepts and for thermoelastic converters (Nitinol heat engines). Reports prepared on previous occasions contain discussions on the following other direct conversion concepts: thermoelectric, pyroelectric, thermionic thermophotovoltaic and thermoacoustic; and also, more complete discussions of AMTEC and LMMHD systems. A tabulated summary of the various systems which have been reviewed thus far has been prepared. Some of the important technical research needs are listed and a schematic of each system is shown. These tabulations are included herein as figures. 43 refs., 26 figs., 1 tab.

Massier, P.F.; Bankston, C.P.; Fabris, G.; Kirol, L.D.

1988-12-01

417

Summary of Sandia research on metal tritides : FY 2007.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Sandia National Laboratories has cradle to grave responsibility for all neutron generators in the US nuclear weapons stockpile. As such, much research effort is exerted to develop a comprehensive understanding of all the major components of a neutron generator. One of the key components is the tritium containing target. The target is a thin metal tritide film. Sandia's research into metal tritides began in the early 1960's with a collaboration with the Denver Research Institute (DRI) and continues to this day with a major in house research effort. This document is an attempt to briefly summarize what is known about the aging of erbium tritide and to review the major publications conducted at Sandia in FY 07. First, a review of our knowledge of helium in erbium tritide will be presented. Second, executive summaries of the six major SAND reports regarding neutron tube targets published in FY07 by Department 2735, the Applied Science and Technology Maturation Department, and research partners are presented.

Browning, James Frederick (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Kammler, Daniel R.; Snow, Clark Sheldon; Ferrizz, Robert Matthew; Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Wixom, Ryan R.; Espada, Loren I.

2008-05-01

418

Annual energy review 1992  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This eleventh edition of the Annual Energy Review (AER) presents the Energy Information Administration's historical energy statistics. For most series, statistics are given for every year from 1949 through 1992. Because coverage spans four decades, the statistics in this report are well-suited to tong-term trend analyses. The AER is comprehensive. It covers all major energy activities, including consumption, production, trade, stocks, and prices, all major energy commodities, including fossil fuels and electricity. The AER also presents statistics on some renewable energy sources. For the most part, fuel-specific data are expressed in physical units such as barrels, cubic feet, and short tons. The integrated summary data in Section 1 are expressed in Btu. The Btu values are calculated using the conversion factors in Appendix A. Statistics expressed in Btu are valuable in that they allow for comparisons among different fuels and for the calculation of in the integrated summary statistics such as US consumption of Energy. The AER emphasizes domestic energy statistics

419

Book reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The African Diaspora: A History Through Culture, by Patrick Manning (reviewed by Joseph C. Miller Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, by David Eltis & David Richardson (reviewed by Ted Maris-Wolf Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery, by Seymour Drescher (reviewed by Gregory E. O’Malley Paths to Freedom: Manumission in the Atlantic World, edited by Rosemary Brana-Shute & Randy J. Sparks (reviewed by Matthew Mason You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery, by Jeremy D. Popkin (reviewed by Philippe R. Girard Fighting for Honor: The History of African Martial Arts in the Atlantic World, by T .J. Desch Obi (reviewed by Flávio Gomes & Antonio Liberac Cardoso Simões Pires Working the Diaspora: The Impact of African Labor on the Anglo-American World, 1650-1850, by Frederick C. Knight (reviewed by Walter Hawthorne The Akan Diaspora in the Americas, by Kwasi Konadu (reviewed by Ray Kea Tradition and the Black Atlantic: Critical Theory in the African Diaspora, by Henry Louis Gates Jr. (reviewed by Deborah A. Thomas From Africa to Jamaica: The Making of an Atlantic Slave Society, 1775-1807, by Audra A. Diptee (reviewed by D.A. Dunkley Elections, Violence and the Democratic Process in Jamaica 1944-2007, by Amanda Sives (reviewed by Douglas Midgett Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, by José R. Oliver (reviewed by Brian D. Bates The Latin American Identity and the African Diaspora: Ethnogenesis in Context, by Antonio Olliz Boyd (reviewed by Dawn F. Stinchcomb Reconstructing Racial Identity and the African Past in the Dominican Republic, by Kimberly Eison Simmons (reviewed by Ginetta E.B. Candelario Haiti and the Haitian Diaspora in the Wider Caribbean, edited by Philippe Zacaïr (reviewed by Catherine Benoît Duvalier’s Ghosts: Race, Diaspora, and U.S. Imperialism in Haitian Literatures, by Jana Evans Braziel (reviewed by J. Michael Dash Mainland Passage: The Cultural Anomaly of Puerto Rico, by Ramón E. Soto-Crespo (reviewed by Guillermo B. Irizarry Report on the Island and Diocese of Puerto Rico (1647, by Diego de Torres y Vargas (reviewed by David A. Badillo Land Reform in Puerto Rico: Modernizing the Colonial State, 1941-1969, by Ismael García-Colón (reviewed by Ricardo Pérez Land: Its Occupation, Management, Use and Conceptualization. The Case of the Akawaio and Arekuna of the Upper Mazaruni District, Guyana, by Audrey J. Butt Colson (reviewed by Christopher Carrico Caribbean Religious History: An Introduction, by Ennis B. Edmonds & Michelle A . Gonzalez (reviewed by N. Samuel Murrell The Cross and the Machete: Native Baptists of Jamaica – Identity, Ministry and Legacy, by Devon Dick (reviewed by John W. Pulis Swimming the Christian Atlantic: Judeoconversos, Afroiberians and Amerindians in the Seventeenth Century, by Jonathan Schorsch (reviewed by Richard L. Kagan Kosmos und Kommunikation: Weltkonzeptionen in der südamerikanischen Sprachfamilie der Cariben, by Ernst Halbmayer (reviewed by Eithne B. Carlin That Infernal Little Cuban Republic: The United States and the Cuban Revolution, by Lars Schoultz (reviewed by Antoni Kapcia Voice of the Leopard: African Secret Societies and Cuba, by Ivor L. Miller (reviewed by Elizabeth Pérez Guantánamo: A Working-Class History between Empire and Revolution, by Jana K. Lipman (reviewed by Barry Carr Packaged Vacations: Tourism Development in the Spanish Caribbean, by Evan R. Ward (reviewed by Polly Pattullo Afro-Greeks: Dialogues Between Anglophone Caribbean Literature and Classics in the Twentieth Century, by Emily Greenwood (reviewed by Gregson Davis Caribbean Culture: Soundings on Kamau Brathwaite, edited by Annie Paul

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420

Book reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Create Dangerously: The Immigrant Artist at Work, by Edwidge Danticat (reviewed by Colin Dayan Gordon K. Lewis on Race, Class and Ideology in the Caribbean, edited by Anthony P. Maingot (reviewed by Bridget Brereton Freedom and Constraint in Caribbean Migration and Diaspora, edited by Elizabeth Thomas-Hope (reviewed by Mary Chamberlain Black Europe and the African Diaspora, edited by Darlene Clark Hine, Trica Danielle Keaton & Stephen Small (reviewed by Gert Oostindie Caribbean Middlebrow: Leisure Culture and the Middle Class, by Belinda E dmondson (reviewed by Karla Slocum Global Change and Caribbean Vulnerability: Environment, Economy and Society at Risk, edited by Duncan McGregor, David Dodman & David Barker (reviewed by Bonham C. Richardson Encountering Revolution: Haiti and the Making of the Early Republic, by Ashli White (reviewed by Matt Clavin Red and Black in Haiti: Radicalism, Conflict, and Political Change, 1934-1957, by Matthew J. Smith (reviewed by Robert Fatton Jr. Cuba in the American Imagination: Metaphor and the Imperial Ethos, by Louis A. Pérez Jr. (reviewed by Camillia Cowling Seeds of Insurrection: Domination and Resistance on Western Cuban Plantations, 1808-1848, by Manuel Barcia (reviewed by Matt D. Childs Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Independence, 1878-1930, by Mariola Espinosa (reviewed by Cruz Maria Nazario The Cuban Connection: Drug Trafficking, Smuggling, and Gambling in Cuba from the 1920s to the Revolution, by Eduardo Sáenz Rovner (reviewed by Ivelaw Lloyd Griffith Before Fidel: The Cuba I Remember, by Francisco José Moreno, and The Boys from Dolores: Fidel Castro’s Schoolmates from Revolution to Exile, by Patrick Symmes (reviewed by Pedro Pérez Sarduy Lam, by Jacques Leenhardt & Jean-Louis Paudrat (reviewed by Sally Price Healing Dramas: Divination and Magic in Modern Puerto Rico, by Raquel Romberg (reviewed by Grant Jewell Rich Puerto Rican Citizen: History and Political Identity in Twentieth-Century New York City, by Lorrin Thomas (reviewed by Jorge Duany Livestock, Sugar and Slavery: Contested Terrain in Colonial Jamaica, by Verene A. Shepherd (reviewed by Justin Roberts Daddy Sharpe: A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Samuel Sharpe, a West Indian Slave Written by Himself, 1832, by Fred W. Kennedy (reviewed by Gad Heuman Becoming Rasta: Origins of Rastafari Identity in Jamaica, by Charles Price (reviewed by Jahlani A. Niaah Reggaeton, edited by Raquel Z. Rivera, Wayne Marshall & Deborah Pacini Hernandez (reviewed by Alexandrine Boudreault-Fournier Carriacou String Band Serenade: Performing Identity in the Eastern Caribbean, by Rebecca S. Miller (reviewed by Nanette de Jong Caribbean Visionary: A.R.F. Webber and the Making of the Guyanese Nation, by Selwyn R. Cudjoe (reviewed by Clem Seecharan Guyana Diaries: Women’s Lives Across Difference, by Kimberely D. Nettles (reviewed by D. Alissa Trotz Writers of the Caribbean Diaspora: Shifting Homelands, Travelling Identities, edited by Jasbir Jain & Supriya Agarwal (reviewed by Joy Mahabir Queen of the Virgins: Pageantry and Black Womanhood in the Caribbean, by M. Cynthia Oliver (reviewed by Tami Navarro Notions of Identity, Diaspora, and Gender in Caribbean Women’s Writing, by Brinda Mehta (reviewed by Marie-Hélène Laforest Authority and Authorship in V.S. Naipaul, by Imraan Coovadia (reviewed by A shley Tellis Typo/Topo/Poéthique sur Frankétienne, by Jean Jonassaint (reviewed by Martin Munro Creoles in Education: An Appraisal of Current Programs and Projects, edited by Bettina Migge, Isabelle Léglise & Angela Bartens (reviewed by Jeff Siegel Material Culture in Anglo-America: Regional Identity and Urbanity in the Tidewater, Lowc

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421

Candiduria: A Review of Clinical Significance and Management  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Candiduria is a common nosocomial infection afflicting the urinary tract. This review is aimed at providing an updated summary of the problem in hospitalized adult patients. A review of English Medline literature published between Jan 1970 until June 2007 was performed. Reviews, clinical trials and case-controlled studies in adult patients were included. Risk factors for candiduria included urinary indwelling catheters, use of antibiotics, elderly age, underlying genitourinary tract abnormali...

Bukhary Zakeya

2008-01-01

422

Book Reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rethinking Latin America: Development, Hegemony, and Social Transformation, by Ronaldo Munck (2013; reviewed by Peadar Kirby The Long, Lingering Shadow. Slavery, Race and Law in the American Hemisphere, by Robert J. Cottrol (2013; reviewed by Guno Jones Centering Animals in Latin American History, edited by Martha Few and Zeb Tortorici (2013; reviewed by Leopoldo Cavaleri Gerhardinger and Dannieli Firme Herbst River of Hope. Forging Identity and Nation in the Rio Grande Borderlands, by Omar S. Valério-Jiménez (2013; reviewed by Raymond Buve Enabling Peace in Guatemala: The Story of MINUGUA, by William Stanley (2013; reviewed by Dirk Kruijt Governing Indigenous Territories: Enacting Sovereignty in the Ecuadorian Amazon, by Juliet Erazo (2013; reviewed by Veronica Davidov Transnational Activism and National Movements in Latin America: Bridging the Divide, edited by Eduardo Silva (2013; reviewed by Roberta Rice Haiti’s New Dictatorship: The Coup, the Earthquake and the UN Occupation, by Justin Podur (2012; reviewed by Talitha Stam Cuba under Raúl Castro: Assessing the Reforms, por Carmelo Mesa-Lago y Jorge Pérez-López (2013; Cuban Economists on the Cuban Economy, editado por Al Campbell (2013; reseñado por Pablo Ospina Peralta Trumpets in the Mountains: Theater and the Politics of National Culture in Cuba, by Laurie A. Frederik (2012; reviewed by Jacqueline Loss Devoted to Death: Santa Muerte, the Skeleton Saint, by R. Andrew Chesnut (2012; reviewed by José Carlos G. Aguiar Foodscapes, Foodfields and Identities in Yucatán, by Steffan Igor Ayora-Diaz (2012; reviewed by Ester Katz

Book Review Editor, Barbara Hogenboom

2014-03-01

423

40 CFR 35.903 - Summary of construction grant program.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Summary of construction grant program. 35.903 Section 35.903 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.903 Summary of construction grant...

2010-07-01

424

Constellation Program: Lessons Learned. Volume 1; Executive Summary  

Science.gov (United States)

This document (Volume I) provides an executive summary of the lessons learned from the Constellation Program. A companion Volume II provides more detailed analyses for those seeking further insight and information. In this volume, Section 1.0 introduces the approach in preparing and organizing the content to enable rapid assimilation of the lessons. Section 2.0 describes the contextual framework in which the Constellation Program was formulated and functioned that is necessary to understand most of the lessons. Context of a former program may seem irrelevant in the heady days of new program formulation. However, readers should take some time to understand the context. Many of the lessons would be different in a different context, so the reader should reflect on the similarities and differences in his or her current circumstances. Section 3.0 summarizes key findings developed from the significant lessons learned at the program level that appear in Section 4.0. Readers can use the key findings in Section 3.0 to peruse for particular topics, and will find more supporting detail and analyses in Section 4.0 in a topical format. Appendix A contains a white paper describing the Constellation Program formulation that may be of use to readers wanting more context or background information. The reader will no doubt recognize some very similar themes from previous lessons learned, blue-ribbon committee reviews, National Academy reviews, and advisory panel reviews for this and other large-scale human spaceflight programs; including Apollo, Space Shuttle, Shuttle/Mir, and the ISS. This could represent an inability to learn lessons from previous generations; however, it is more likely that similar challenges persist in the Agency structure and approach to program formulation, budget advocacy, and management. Perhaps the greatest value of these Constellation lessons learned can be found in viewing them in context with these previous efforts to guide and advise the Agency and its stakeholders.

Rhatigan, Jennifer L. (Editor)

2011-01-01

425

Book reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Atlantic World, 1450-2000, edited by Toyin Falola & Kevin D. Roberts (reviewed by Aaron Spencer Fogleman The Slave Ship: A Human History, by Marcus Rediker (reviewed by Justin Roberts Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database, edited by David Eltis & David Richardson (reviewed by Joseph C. Miller "New Negroes from Africa": Slave Trade Abolition and Free African Settlement in the Nineteenth-Century Caribbean, by Rosanne Marion Adderley (reviewed by Nicolette Bethel Atlantic Diasporas: Jews, Conversos, and Crypto-Jews in the Age of Mercantilism, 1500-1800, edited by Richard L. Kagan & Philip D. Morgan (reviewed by Jonathan Schorsch Brother’s Keeper: The United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962, by Jason C. Parker (reviewed by Charlie Whitham Labour and the Multiracial Project in the Caribbean: Its History and Promise, by Sara Abraham (reviewed by Douglas Midgett Envisioning Caribbean Futures: Jamaican Perspectives, by Brian Meeks (reviewed by Gina Athena Ulysse Archibald Monteath: Igbo, Jamaican, Moravian, by Maureen Warner-Lewis (reviewed by Jon Sensbach Left of Karl Marx: The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones, by Carole Boyce Davies (reviewed by Linden Lewis Displacements and Transformations in Caribbean Cultures, edited by Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert & Ivette Romero-Cesareo (reviewed by Bill Maurer Caribbean Migration to Western Europe and the United States: Essays on Incorporation, Identity, and Citizenship, edited by Margarita Cervantes-Rodríguez, Ramón Grosfoguel & Eric Mielants (reviewed by Gert Oostindie Home Cooking in the Global Village: Caribbean Food from Buccaneers to Ecotourists, by Richard Wilk (reviewed by William H. Fisher Dead Man in Paradise: Unraveling a Murder from a Time of Revolution, by J.B. MacKinnon (reviewed by Edward Paulino Tropical Zion: General Trujillo, FDR, and the Jews of Sosúa, by Allen Wells (reviewed by Michael R. Hall Downtown Ladies: Informal Commercial Importers, a Haitian Anthropologist, and Self-Making in Jamaica, by Gina A. Ulysse (reviewed by Jean Besson Une ethnologue à Port-au-Prince: Question de couleur et luttes pour le classement socio-racial dans la capitale haïtienne, by Natacha Giafferi-Dombre (reviewed by Catherine Benoît Haitian Vodou: Spirit, Myth, and Reality, edited by Patrick Bellegarde-Smith & Claudine Michel (reviewed by Susan Kwosek Cuba: Religion, Social Capital, and Development, by Adrian H. Hearn (reviewed by Nadine Fernandez "Mek Some Noise": Gospel Music and the Ethics of Style in Trinidad, by Timothy Rommen (reviewed by Daniel A. Segal Routes and Roots: Navigating Caribbean and Pacific Island Literatures, by Elizabeth M. DeLoughrey (reviewed by Anthony Carrigan Claude McKay, Code Name Sasha: Queer Black Marxism and the Harlem Renaissance, by Gary Edward Holcomb (reviewed by Brent Hayes Edwards The Sense of Community in French Caribbean Fiction, by Celia Britton (reviewed by J. Michael Dash Imaging the Chinese in Cuban Literature and Culture, by Ignacio López-Calvo (reviewed by Stephen Wilkinson Pre-Columbian Jamaica, by P. Allsworth-Jones (reviewed by William F. Keegan Underwater and Maritime Archaeology in Latin America and the Caribbean, edited by Margaret E. Leshikar-Denton & Pilar Luna Erreguerena (reviewed by Erika Laanela

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426

Book reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Globalization and the Po st-Creole Imagination: Notes on Fleeing the Plantation,by Michaeline A. Crichlow with Patricia Northover (reviewed by Raquel Romberg Afro-Caribbean Religions: An Introduction to their Historical, Cultural, and Sacred Traditions, by Nathaniel Samuel Murrell (reviewed by James Houk Africas of the Americas: Beyond the Search for Origins in the Study of Afro-Atlantic Religions, edited by Stephan Palmié (reviewed by Aisha Khan Òrì?à Devotion as World Religion: The Globalization of Yorùbá Religious Culture, edited by Jacob K. Olupona & Terry Rey (reviewed by Brian Brazeal Sacred Spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba, by Jualynne E. Dodson (reviewed by Kristina Wirtz The Coolie Speaks: Chinese Indentured Laborers and African Slaves of Cuba, by Lisa Yun (reviewed by W. Look Lai Cuba and Western Intellectuals since 1959, by Kepa Artaraz (reviewed by Anthony P. Maingot Inside El Barrio: A Bottom-Up View of Neighborhood Life in Castro’s Cuba, by Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. (reviewed by Mona Rosendahl On Location in Cuba: Street Filmmaking During Times of Transition, by Ann Marie Stock (reviewed by Cristina Venegas Cuba in The Special Period: Culture and Ideology in the 1990s, edited by Ariana Hernandez-Reguant (reviewed by Myrna García-Calderón The Cubans of Union City: Immigrants and Exiles in a New Jersey Community. Yolanda Prieto (reviewed by Jorge Duany Target Culebra: How 743 Islanders Took On the Entire U.S. Navy and Won, by Richard D. Copaken (reviewed by Jorge Rodríguez Beruff The World of the Haitian Revolution, edited by David Patrick Geggus & Norman Fiering (reviewed by Yvonne Fabella Bon Papa: Haiti’s Golden Years, by Bernard Diederich (reviewed by Robert Fatton, Jr. 1959: The Year that Inflamed the Caribbean, by Bernard Diederich (reviewed by Landon Yarrington Dominican Cultures: The Making of a Caribbean Society, edited by Bernardo Vega (reviewed by Anthony R. Stevens-Acevedo Chanting Down the New Jerusalem: Calypso, Christianity, and Capitalism in the Caribbean, by Francio Guadeloupe (reviewed by Catherine Benoît Once Jews: Stories of Caribbean Sephardim, by Josette Capriles Goldish (reviewed by Aviva Ben-Ur Black and White Sands: A Bohemian Life in the Colonial Caribbean, by Elma Napier (reviewed by Peter Hulme West Indian Slavery and British Abolition, 1783-1807, by David Beck Ryden (reviewed by Justin Roberts The Children of Africa in the Colonies: Free People of Color in Barbados in the Age of Emancipation, by Melanie J. Newton (reviewed by Olwyn M. Blouet Friends and Enemies: The Scribal Politics of Post/Colonial Literature, by Chris Bongie (reviewed by Jacqueline Couti Nationalism and the Formation of Caribbean Literature, by Leah Reade Rosenberg (reviewed by Bénédicte Ledent Signs of Dissent: Maryse Condé and Postcolonial Criticism, by Dawn Fulton (reviewed by Florence Ramond Jurney The Archaeology of the Caribbean, by Samuel M. Wilson (reviewed by Frederick H. Smith Crossing the Borders: New Methods and Techniques in the Study of Archaeological Materials from the Caribbean, edited by Corinne L. Hofman, Menno L.P. Hoogland & Annelou L. van Gijn (reviewed by Mark Kostro

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427

Dietary supplements and related products: a brief summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

We were gratified by the interest expressed in publishing a large number of presentations from the NIDA organized Workshop on "Natureceuticals (Natural Products), Nutraceuticals, Herbal Botanicals, Psychoactives: Drug Discovery and Drug-Drug Interactions". The number of manuscripts received necessitated two volumes of proceedings. In this brief summary of the second volume, we present an introduction to the roles of organizations such as National Center for Complementary and Alternate Medicine and Office of Dietary Supplements, both at the National Institutes of Health, and the Food and Drug Administration. These agencies are involved in research and regulation of dietary supplements and related products. Next, a brief summary of each of the fifteen articles is provided. The first four articles are related to regulatory and standardization aspects: issues related to botanicals (Khan); USP and dietary supplements (Srinivasan); dietary supplement reference materials (Sander et al.); and proposed cGMPs and the scientific basis behind the proposed regulations by FDA (Melethil). The next three articles relate to the methodologies employed in research: LC/MS for the pharmacokinetic analysis polyphenols from dietary supplements (Barnes et al.); proteomic analysis of grape seed extract (Kim et al.); and a nematode model, C. elegans, in Alzheimer's and ginkgo biloba extract for mechanistic studies; another model, a hepatocyte tissue culture model for drug herbal interaction, is reviewed later and presented by Venkataramanan. The next four chapters are on specific dietary supplements: green tea and the polyphenolic catechins (Zaveri); curcumin (Maheswari et al.); tocotrienols (alpha-tocotrienol, Sen and Roy), gamma-tocotrienol (Sree Kumar et al.). This topic is followed by drug interaction studies: in vitro and in vivo assessment methodologies (Venkataramanan); flavonoid-drug interactions (Morris); MDR and CYP3A4-mediated drug-herb interaction (Pal and Mitra); and evidence-based examination of drug-herb interaction (Chavez and Chavez). PMID:16497339

Rapaka, Rao S; Coates, Paul M

2006-03-27

428

Palmottu natural analogue: A summary of the studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is a review of research activities performed in the framework of Palmottu natural analogue studies. This uranium occurrence at Nummi-Pusula, Southern Finland has been a target of extensive studies since 1987, initially as a national analogue study 1996 - 2000, later on as an EU-financed international study 1996 - 2000. After that, up to 2003, Palmottu data has been used in an IAEA coordinated research project 'The use of selected safety indicators in the assessment of radioactive waste disposal'. The report gives an extensive summary of the hydrogeological research conducted, with a special emphasis on the methodology used. A wide variety of borehole geophysical and hydrogeological methods was used during the study, and are described in the report. An areal geohydrological model, based mainly on map- and airborne survey data, is presented, as well as a three-dimensional structural model of the site. Bedrock groundwater studies at Palmottu included development and use of new sampling methods. Swedish SKB sampling equipment was also used in the redoxpotential measurements and groundwater sampling. A summary of the representative groundwater Eh-values is presented in the report. For uranium, distribution in different geological units were estimated. Isotope values of some samples indicate a potential contribution of glacial melt water. Different modelling tasks were included in the Palmottu analogue study: modelling of speciation and solubility of dissolved ef speciation and solubility of dissolved elements, blind predictive modelling (BPM) with an intercomparison of results between different groups, and comparative transport modelling using different conceptual approaches. A updated list of Palmottu-related publications and reports is included in the report. (orig.)

429

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Properly performed systematic reviews can furnish an accurate summary of the published literature and thereby provide essential information for clinicians, guideline panels and policy makers. These reviews are increasingly used to develop management guidelines, and are now required by many agencies before considering funding for new research. A successful and rigorous review starts with the development of a clear question structured using the PICO format (population, intervention, comparison and outcomes). Prior to initiating the review, a protocol should be written that outlines study selection criteria, based on the same PICO format and study design. The search, also based on the PICO format, should be performed with the assistance of someone experienced in searches and involve multiple electronic databases without language restrictions. Additional sources include hand searches, the grey literature and correspondence with authors. Once a comprehensive list of titles has been made, selection of studies should be made by two reviewers working independently: first based on the titles, then the abstracts, then full text. Analysis is initially descriptive, including assessment of quality using published and validated checklists. Summary estimates from pooling (i.e., formal meta-analysis) are appropriate if the methodological differences between studies are not clinically important and if quantitative estimates of heterogeneity are acceptable. Reporting should follow published guidelines. Reviews that follow these methods can have a substantial impact on practice and policy. These reviews can help identify research priorities as areas where knowledge is uncertain, and also those topics where little additional work is required. PMID:21756509

Menzies, D

2011-05-01

430

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program (1994)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This summary reports of activities under visiting research program in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, in fiscal year 1993 are included. In this report, 126 summaries of researches using the Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) and 12 summaries of the researches using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) are collected. (J.P.N.)

431

37 CFR 1.73 - Summary of the invention.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Summary of the invention. 1.73 Section 1.73 Patents, Trademarks...Provisions Specification § 1.73 Summary of the invention. A brief summary of the invention indicating its nature and substance,...

2010-07-01

432

Summary of Waste Calcination at INTEC  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fluidized-bed calcination at the Idaho Nuclear Technologies and Engineering Center (INTEC, formally called the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant) has been used to solidify acidic metal nitrate fuel reprocessing and incidental wastes wastes since 1961. A summary of waste calcination in full-scale and pilot plant calciners has been compiled for future reference. It contains feed compositions and operating conditions for all the processing campaigns for the original Waste Calcining Facility (WCF), the New Waste Calcining Facility (NWCF) started up in 1982, and numerous small scale pilot plant tests for various feed types. This summary provides a historical record of calcination at INTEC, and will be useful for evaluating calcinability of future wastes.

O' Brien, Barry Henry; Newby, Bill Joe

2000-10-01

433

Current Intelligence Bulletins: summaries, September 1987  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Brief summaries of 49 NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletins were provided in a cumulative listing. Permissible Exposure Limits were included where applicable, and notes were provided with some summaries indicating further action or data since original publication. Topics covered include chloroprene, trichloroethylene, ethylene-dibromide, chrome pigment, asbestos, hexamethylphosphoric-triamide, polychlorinated-biphenyls, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, chloroform, radon daughters, dimethylcarbamoyl-chloride, diethylcarbamoyl-chloride, explosive azide hazard, arsenic, nitrosamines, metabolic precursors of beta-naphthylamine, 2-nitropropane, acrylonitrile, 2,4-diaminoanisole, tetrachloroethylene, trimellitic-anhydride, ethylene-thiourea, ethylene-dibromide, disulfiram, dyes, ethylene-dichloride, chloroethanes, vinyl halides, glycidyl ethers, epichlorohydrin, smoking, arsine, radiofrequency sealers, formaldehyde, ethylene-oxide, silica flour, vibration syndrome, glycol ethers, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 1,3-butadiene, cadmium, monohalomethanes, dinitrotoluenes, methylene-chloride, 4,4'-methylenedianiline, organic solvents, and injuries and amputations from working with power presses.

1987-09-01

434

Federal R&D Project Summaries  

Science.gov (United States)

Developed by the DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), this new site will almost certainly prove useful to a wide variety of users, such as librarians or scientists, who work with federal research summaries. The site includes more than 240,000 research summaries and awards by three of the major sponsors of research in the Federal government: the DOE, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Science Foundation (NSF). Users may search by keyword in any or all of the three collections. Returns are grouped by collection and link to a project description or award abstract. Also, users can mark selected returns and then have them displayed on a single page for printing or reading.