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Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression  

Science.gov (United States)

Along with other global campaigns to affect social and political transformation (such as Amnesty International), Article 19 is an organization designed "to combat censorship by promoting freedom of expression and access to official information." With offices in London and South Africa, the organization has partners in over 30 countries, and monitors, researches, publishes, and litigates on behalf of freedom of expression around the world. Certainly one of the first stops on the site should be the Virtual Handbook of Expression, which contains a number of briefs of freedom of expression cases from the UN Human Rights Committee, the Inter-American Commission and Court on Human Rights, the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights and the European Commission and Court of Human Rights. In addition, the Virtual Handbook contains a number of key documents, organized around themes that include such timely topics as defamation, national security, print regulation, and privacy. Of course, visitors will also find a great deal of additional material here, including information on Article 19's work in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and a publication archive as well.

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Generic Traits in Research Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present analysis aims to provide a workable framework and analytical parameters against which to measure generic prototypicality and variation in research articles (RAs) from different disciplinary domains, namely Applied Linguistics (ApL), Economics (Eco), Law (Law) and Medicine (Med). The investigation is based on the assumption that, besides genre-related conventions, there are also subject-area related factors which influence the construction of a text. As a matter of fact, for hard-...

Sala, Michele

2011-01-01

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A contrastive analysis of the use of modal verbs in the expression of epistemic stance in Business Management research articles in English and Spanish  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the present paper an intercultural quantitative and qualitative analysis of the use of modal verbs as epistemic stance markers in SERAC (Spanish-English Research Article Corpus, a corpus of research articles (RAs in different disciplines, is carried out. The corpus selected for this research consists of 48 Business Management research articles. Special emphasis is laid on the introduction and discussion sections of RAs, where stance devices are most frequently located to pursue convergence with the readership. This kind of intercultural analysis has been achieved through both a bottom-up research approach and a top-down research approach. The results obtained in this study point in the direction that there are obvious differences between the use of modal verbs by native writers and the use of modal verbs by non-native Spanish writers. The most remarkable aspect is that Spanish writers show a deviant handling of hedges and boosters. Therefore, they have difficulties in establishing a proper tenor when they write in English.

Ignacio Vázquez Orta

2010-04-01

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Suggestions for Structuring a Research Article  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers often experience difficulty as they attempt to prepare journal articles that describe their work. The purpose of this article is to provide researchers in the field of education with a series of suggestions as to how to clearly structure each section of a research manuscript that they intend to submit for publication in a scholarly…

Klein, James D.; Reiser, Robert A.

2014-01-01

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Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative article

Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

2009-01-01

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Generic Structure of Research Article Abstracts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As an academic genre, the research article (RA abstracts play an important role in academic community. This paper aims to explore the differences between RA abstracts by native and non-native speakers of English in terms of the generic structure. Theoretically, the commonly accepted IMRD model (Introduction-Method-Results-Discussion and Swale’s Move-Step model are adopted to analyse the macro- and micro-structure respectively. It is found that the Introduction Move is obligatory for English RA abstracts by non-native speakers as opposed to the Introduction and the Results move by native speakers. Key words: Research Article; ; GeGenre Analysisneric Structure

Hai-lin DONG

2010-09-01

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Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2013-01-01

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Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

2002-01-01

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Description of research design of articles published in four Brazilian physical therapy journals  

Science.gov (United States)

Background While the research design of articles published in medical journals and in some physical therapy journals has already been evaluated, this has not been investigated in Brazilian physical therapy journals. Objective To describe the research design used in all articles published in Brazilian scientific journals that are freely available, have high Qualis rankings, and are relevant to physical therapy over a 7-year period. Method We extracted the bibliometric data, research design, research type (human or animal), and clinical area for all articles published. The articles were grouped into their level of evidence, and descriptive analyses were performed. We calculated the frequency, proportions of articles, and 95% confidence interval of these proportions with each research design in each journal. We cross-tabulated the clinical areas with research designs (expressed as number and percentages). Results A total of 1,458 articles from four Brazilian journals were found: Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, Revista Fisioterapia em Movimento, Revista Fisioterapia e Pesquisa, and Revista Acta Fisiátrica. The majority of articles were classified as level II of evidence (60%), followed by level III (29%) and level I (10%). The most prevalent research designs were cross-sectional studies (38%), single-case or case-series studies, and narrative reviews. Most articles reported human research and were in the musculoskeletal, neurologic, and cardiothoracic areas. Conclusions Most of the research published in Brazilian physical therapy journals used levels II and III of evidence. Increasing the publication rate of systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials would provide more high-quality evidence to guide evidence-based physical therapy practice. PMID:24675913

Saragiotto, Bruno T.; Costa, Luciola C. M.; Oliveira, Ronaldo F.; Lopes, Alexandre D.; Moseley, Anne M.; Costa, Leonardo O. P.

2014-01-01

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Description of research design of articles published in four Brazilian physical therapy journals  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Background : While the research design of articles published in medical journals and in some physical therapy journals has already been evaluated, this has not been investigated in Brazilian physical therapy journals. Objective : To describe the research design used in all articles published in [...] Brazilian scientific journals that are freely available, have high Qualis rankings, and are relevant to physical therapy over a 7-year period. Method : We extracted the bibliometric data, research design, research type (human or animal), and clinical area for all articles published. The articles were grouped into their level of evidence, and descriptive analyses were performed. We calculated the frequency, proportions of articles, and 95% confidence interval of these proportions with each research design in each journal. We cross-tabulated the clinical areas with research designs (expressed as number and percentages). Results : A total of 1,458 articles from four Brazilian journals were found: Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, Revista Fisioterapia em Movimento, Revista Fisioterapia e Pesquisa, and Revista Acta Fisiátrica. The majority of articles were classified as level II of evidence (60%), followed by level III (29%) and level I (10%). The most prevalent research designs were cross-sectional studies (38%), single-case or case-series studies, and narrative reviews. Most articles reported human research and were in the musculoskeletal, neurologic, and cardiothoracic areas. Conclusions : Most of the research published in Brazilian physical therapy journals used levels II and III of evidence. Increasing the publication rate of systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials would provide more high-quality evidence to guide evidence-based physical therapy practice.

Bruno T., Saragiotto; Lucíola C. M., Costa; Ronaldo F., Oliveira; Alexandre D., Lopes; Anne M., Moseley; Leonardo O. P., Costa.

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How to write research articles in computing and engineering disciplines  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article advocates a general way of presenting research articles on any topic and in any field related to computer science, information technology, and engineering disciplines. The key advice to a successful presentation is to repeat the description of main contribution four times: in the title, abstract, introduction (or chapter 1) and in the text. That is, to make readable, appealing, and as complete as possible versions of the work using the order of 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 words. Thi...

Veljko Milutinovi?; Ivan Stojmenovi?

2012-01-01

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How to write research articles in computing and engineering disciplines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article advocates a general way of presenting research articles on any topic and in any field related to computer science, information technology, and engineering disciplines. The key advice to a successful presentation is to repeat the description of main contribution four times: in the title, abstract, introduction (or chapter 1 and in the text. That is, to make readable, appealing, and as complete as possible versions of the work using the order of 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 words. This corresponds to the decreasing portion of readers for corresponding parts of the article. To the extent possible, each of these parts should address, in this order: the problem statement, existing solutions, the new solution(s, assumptions and limitations, analysis, simulation and comparison with best competing solutions

Veljko Milutinovi?

2012-01-01

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Adverbial stance marking in the introduction and conclusion sections of legal research articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although scientific research articles have traditionally been taken as examples of an objective style of writing that aims to minimise researchers’ voices in their texts (Gilbert and Mulkay, 1984:42, authors inevitably adopt stances towards the information presented and the target audience when writing their papers. This article explores authorial stance as expressed by adverbial markers in the introduction and conclusion sections of legal research papers. Following Biber et al. (1999, and Conrad and Biber (1999, our aim is to identify the most frequent adverbial markers of stance present in each section as indicators of (i epistemicity, (ii attitude, and (iii style. We will try to show whether or not there are functional differences in the use of adverbial stance markers, and whether or not these are derived from the different communicative purposes of these sections.

Heather Adams

2013-07-01

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Writing business research article abstracts: A genre approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A great deal has been published about oral and written genres in business (e.g., letters, research articles, oral presentations, etc., and less attention has been paid to business research article abstracts as a written genre, as many experts would argue. This research intends to raise rhetorical awareness about the role of abstracts in today’s academic world. To this effect, the abstracts of two official publications of the Association of Business Communication, Journal of Business Communication and Business Communication Quarterly, have been analyzed and compared in terms of structure and content according to models published in the specialized literature. The results show an irregular and inconsistent presentation of abstracts, a good number of them following no set pattern and thus lacking in important information for researchers. These findings suggest, first of all, that abstracts have a specific mission to fulfil and should not be disregarded; and, secondly, that journal guidelines for authors should be more explicit in their instructions on how to write and structure abstracts.

Carmen Piqué-Noguera

2012-10-01

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Express Routing Transportation Surveys. Research Department Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Express routing, under consideration by San Diego (California) Public Schools, is a form of bus transportation that picks up and drops off students at centralized points instead of driving through residential neighborhoods. This report examines other, similar districts' experiences in applying express routing in integration and other school…

Bell, Peter D.

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Classification Algorithms Research on Facial Expression Recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to improve the reliability of facial expression recognition system, and reduce the chance of false positives caused by error, classification strategy is important in recognition process. In the process, the k-nearest neighbor algorithm is improved. Experimental results show that the performance of the proposed method is excellent when it is applied to facial expression recognition system.

Ou, Jun

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Research Article Introductions in Chinese and English: A Comparative Genre-Based Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the rhetorical organisation of English and Chinese research article introductions in the field of educational psychology using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) framework of move analysis. A corpus of 40 research articles (20 Chinese and 20 English) was selected. The English research articles, written by first-language…

Loi, Chek Kim

2010-01-01

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Research on Dynamic Facial Expressions Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Human-computer intelligent interaction (HCII is usually based on facial expression recognition. A dynamic facial expression recognition method based on video sequence is proposed in this paper, which uses Gaussian of Mixture Hidden Markov Model. Firstly, we get some special facial expression regions, in which the motion features are extracted and described as phase form and then constituted to eigen-sequences. Secondly we use Gaussian of Mixture Hidden Markov Model to learn and test these eigen-sequences, and recognize six universal facial expressions: angry, disgust, fear, happy, sad and surprise. And we developed an experimental system based on our algorithm. The experimental results show that the computing time and the error of vector quantization is reduced, while the classification efficiency is improved.

Xiaoning Peng

2009-04-01

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Research on Express Logistics Competitiveness Based on Value Chain Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available From the view of value chain, the article analyzes the forming mechanism of logistics value chain, and the value of the various aspects of the express delivery. By that way, express enterprises can identify the value-added parts from the whole process of mails or goods from senders to receivers, and all these parts will lead to logistics value added. Based on value chain analysis, a model of logistics competitiveness is established. The model includes four aspects: location, network optimization / integration, value-added services / response and performance measures, which form the core competitiveness for express enterprises.

Xingjian Zhou

2013-01-01

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Open Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact Than Articles Not Freely Available, A review of: Antelman, Kristin. “Do Open-Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact?” College & Research Libraries 65.5 (Sep. 2004: 372-82.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To ascertain whether open access articles have a greater research impact than articles not freely available, as measured by citations in the ISI Web of Science database. Design – Analysis of mean citation rates of a sample population of journal articles across four disciplines. Setting – Journal literature across the disciplines of philosophy, political science, mathematics, and electrical and electronic engineering. Subjects – A sample of 2,017 articles across the four disciplines published between 2001 and 2002 (for political science, mathematics, and electrical and electronic engineering and between 1999 and 2000 (for philosophy. Methods – A systematic presample of articles for each of the disciplines was taken to calculate the necessary sample sizes. Based on this calculation, articles were sourced from ten leading journals in each discipline. The leading journals in political science, mathematics, and electrical and electronic engineering were defined by ISI’s Journal Citation Reports for 2002. The ten leading philosophy journals were selected using a combination of other methods. Once the sample population had been identified, each article title and the number of citations to each article (in the ISI Web of Science database were recorded. Then the article title was searched in Google and if any freely available full text version was found, the article was classified as open access. The mean citation rate for open access and non?open access articles in each discipline was identified, and the percentage difference between the means was calculated. Main results – The four disciplines represented a range of open access uptake: 17% of articles in philosophy were open access, 29% in political science, 37% in electrical and electronic engineering, and 69% in mathematics. There was a significant difference in the mean citation rates for open access articles and non?open access articles in all four disciplines. The percentage difference in means was 45% in philosophy, 51% in electrical and electronic engineering, 86% in political science, and 91% in mathematics. Mathematics had the highest rate of open access availability of articles, but political science had the greatest difference in mean citation rates, suggesting there are other, discipline?specific factors apart from rate of open access uptake affecting research impact. Conclusion – The finding that, across these four disciplines, open access articles have a greater research impact than non?open access articles, is only one aspect of the complex changes that are presently taking place in scholarly publishing and communication. However, it is useful information for librarians formulating strategies for building institutional repositories, or exploring open access publishing with patrons or publishers.

Suzanne P. Lewis

2006-09-01

 
 
 
 
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Learning to Appraise the Quality of Qualitative Research Articles: A Contextualized Learning Object for Constructing Knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

Helping beginning qualitative researchers critically appraise qualitative research articles is a common learning objective for introductory methodology courses. To aid students in achieving competency in appraising the quality of qualitative research articles, a multi-part activity incorporating the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme's (CASP)…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

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Differences in Quality between Thai and International Research Articles in ELT  

Science.gov (United States)

This study seeks to explore potential problems of English Language Teaching (ELT) academics in Thailand in getting their research published in international journals. Using content analysis, the study analyzes and compares 100 research articles published by ELT academics in Thailand with 100 research articles published in international journals.…

Jaroongkhongdach, Woravut; Todd, Richard Watson; Keyuravong, Sonthida; Hall, David

2012-01-01

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Should I conduct research? Expressions of Pakistani research scholars  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper aimed to explore the presence and intensity of under practice strategies to promote scholars’ engagement inresearch activities in Pakistani universities. Major Objective of the study was to examine the reasons of scholars’ fragileengagement in research practices. Preparation of recommendations to support and refine the research enriching strategies wasalso part of research objectives. The study was delimited to the opinions of PhD and MPhil Scholars of only two nationaluniversities. A 10 items questionnaire was developed and used to collect data from one hundred PhD and MPhil scholars. Datawas analyzed in term of percentage. Majority of the respondents disclosed the absence of research enriching activities in theinstitutions. There were no standardized criteria and set of principles to supervise the research students. The studyrecommends the provisions of different opportunities, without any gender disparity, to enhance scholars’ engagements inresearch activities. The study also recommends further research to develop code of role and responsibilities for scholars,research supervisors and institutions for this purpose.

Muhammad Ayub Buzdara

2011-10-01

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The Management of the Engineering Research Article Format  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper looks at how articles on engineering topics and some scholarly reports are organized. Technical writing uses a variety of devices to communicate fully. The medium where they are generally published varies, but, in general terms, their structures have many similarities. We are going to observe some particularities, in accordance with the factors that influence the production and interpretation of such a text.

Andrea Peterlicean; Arina Modrea

2011-01-01

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Interacting with the Reader: Politeness in Engineering Research Article Discussions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The writer’s strategy to combine the exposition of factual information with personal judgement and interaction with the reader has been analysed in a number of studies (Hunston, 1994; Hyland, 1998a, 1998b; Latour and Woolgar, 1979; Skelton, 1997). Myers’ studies (1989, 1992) on the pragmatics of politeness in scientific articles analyse politeness strategies in regularities of scientific style that are usually explained in terms of conventions. In the context of scientific...

Luz Gil-Salom; Carmen Soler-Monreal

2009-01-01

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ANALYSIS OF ARTICLES IN JOURNAL OF CONSUMER RESEARCH IN LAST FIVE YEARS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Journal of Consumer Research is one of the oldest magazines, which combines psychology and marketing. Articles in journal aims at studying consumers and how they perceive, accept and behave in the market. The first magazine was published in 1974, where George Katona published his article about Psychology and Consumer Economics. George Katona was one of the first experts, who were researching field of influence of psychology in marketing. In our research we were limited on analysis of maga...

Vrbanec, Nina

2011-01-01

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Action Research on a WebQuest as an Instructional Tool for Writing Abstracts of Research Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The massive growth of and access to information technology (IT has enabled the integration of technology into classrooms. One such integration is the use of WebQuests as an instructional tool in teaching targeted learning activities such as writing abstracts of research articles in English for English as a Foreign Language (EFL learners. In the academic world, writing an abstract of a research paper or final project in English can be challenging for EFL students. This article presents an action research project on the process and outcomes of using a WebQuest designed to help 20 Indonesian university IT students write a research article’s abstract in English. Findings reveal that despite positive feedback, changes need to be made to make the WebQuest a more effective instructional tool for the purpose it was designed.

Krismiyati Latuperissa

2012-08-01

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Trends in Research Librarianship Literature: A Social Network Analysis of Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to identify the bibliometric characteristics of research librarianship literature and to visualize relationships in research librarianship by means of social network analysis. It was found out that the majority (66% of the articles had single authorship and College & Research Libraries is the prominent actor among the research librarianship journals. It was also observed that Peter Hernon is the most productive and cited author in the field. The findings of this study can be used by the research librarianship community to better understand their core literature.

Umut Al

2012-04-01

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Evaluative Functions of Reporting Evidentials in English Research Articles of Applied Linguistics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reporting evidentials are frequently used in Research Articles. Based on the data analysis of 50 English research articles of applied linguistics, the study shows that reporting evidentials not only function as indicating the information sources, but also have multiple evaluative functions. The analyses have proved this by showing the evaluative functions of reporting evidential in choosing different information sources and different realization forms. At the same time the persuasive effects ...

Linxiu Yang

2013-01-01

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Evaluative Functions of Reporting Evidentials in English Research Articles of Applied Linguistics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reporting evidentials are frequently used in Research Articles. Based on the data analysis of 50 English research articles of applied linguistics, the study shows that reporting evidentials not only function as indicating the information sources, but also have multiple evaluative functions. The analyses have proved this by showing the evaluative functions of reporting evidential in choosing different information sources and different realization forms. At the same time the persuasive effects and discourse implications of these different choices are also discussed.

Linxiu Yang

2013-05-01

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Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research.  

Science.gov (United States)

As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy. PMID:25362364

De Vos, Winnok H; Beghuin, Didier; Schwarz, Christian J; Jones, David B; van Loon, Jack J W A; Bereiter-Hahn, Juergen; Stelzer, Ernst H K

2014-10-01

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Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research  

Science.gov (United States)

As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy.

De Vos, Winnok H.; Beghuin, Didier; Schwarz, Christian J.; Jones, David B.; van Loon, Jack J. W. A.; Bereiter-Hahn, Juergen; Stelzer, Ernst H. K.

2014-10-01

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Communication research in Spain, 1998-2007. An analysis of articles published in Spanish communication journals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The growth of communication research in Spain in the last decade contrasts with the scarcity of works trying to describe and assess the quality of this research. Attempting to address this problem, this article presents a quantitative content analysis of all the articles published in four years between 1998 and 2007 (1998, 2002, 2003 and 2007 by four of the most important Spanish communication journals, with a total sample of 285 articles, of which 235 are from authors working in Spanish universities or research centres. Results show that the Spanish communication researchers are basically interested in the study of Journalism, and more specifically in the analysis of news discourses. Another finding is that most research is empirically-oriented, but by and large lacks methodological rigour. These deficiencies were decreasing during the period under analysis, but increased once again in the works published more recently.

Enric Saperas-Lapiedra

2011-01-01

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A REVIEW OF RESEARCH ARTICLES ON INFLUENCE OF DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS ON GREEN BUYING BEHAVIOR  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is imperative to study demographic factors while studying buying behavior of customers as demographic factors are the major determinants of buying behavior. To verify the green buying behavior of customers and to evaluate the influence of demographic factors on green buying behavior, researchers have critically analyzed, research articles, research papers and research reports of this aspect. The review found thirty three articles that studied demographic factors from various perspectives of green buying behavior. Review has been presented in the synthesized format. Studying the relationship between impacts of demographic parameters on green buying behaviour has seen three major results. Few researchers conclude to have significant relationship between demographic parameters and green buying behaviour. Few researchers outcome is against this. Some researchers arouse controversial findings stating different demographic parameters has different role to play in the determination of green buying behavior.

Dipti S. Barge

2014-08-01

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"Ideal-Problem-Solution" (IPS) Model: A Discourse Model of Research Article Introductions (RAIS) in Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Research article introductions (RAIs) play a significant role in gaining publication, and therefore have been studied by many applied linguists. Research into RAIs published in Indonesia has begun to be developed (Adnan, 2009; Mirahayuni, 2001; Safnil, 2000), and generally conclude that Indonesian Humanities RAIs were structured differently from…

Adnan, Zifirdaus

2011-01-01

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Review Article: Second Language Acquisition of Bantu Languages--A (Mostly) Untapped Research Opportunity  

Science.gov (United States)

This review article presents a summary of research on the second language acquisition of Bantu languages, including Swahili, Zulu, Xhosa and Lingala. Although second language (L2) research on these languages is currently very limited, work in morphosyntax and phonology suggests promising directions for future study, particularly on noun class,…

Spinner, Patti

2011-01-01

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A Collection of NIDA NOTES. Articles That Address Research on Heroin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on heroin research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuses (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. Titles include: Buprenorphine Taken Three Times Per Week Is as Effective as Daily Doses in Treating Heroin Addiction; 33-Year Study Finds Lifelong, Lethal Consequences…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.

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Using Propensity Score Analysis for Making Causal Claims in Research Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

The central role of the propensity score analysis (PSA) in observational studies is for causal inference; as such, PSA is often used for making causal claims in research articles. However, there are still some issues for researchers to consider when making claims of causality using PSA results. This summary first briefly reviews PSA, followed by…

Bai, Haiyan

2011-01-01

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Epistemology in Qualitative Social Work Research: A Review of Published Articles, 2008-2010  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the epistemological foundations of qualitative social work research. A template-based review was completed on 100 articles from social work journals. Reviewers examined five things: (1) the purpose or aims of the research, (2) the rationale or justification for the work, (3) the populations studied, (4) the presence of four…

Gringeri, Christina; Barusch, Amanda; Cambron, Christopher

2013-01-01

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How to Read English Research Articles: A Case Study of Graduate Students Majoring in Information Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reading research articles in English will be a special challenge for those students who speak English as a foreign language (EFL. EFL graduate students will require a specific method for helping them to cope with the articles they have to read. This study tries to offer a method for helping them to read, understand, and analyze English articles easier. This study employs evaluation and trialing. It is accompanied by pre and post surveys that will give information about the condition of the students before and after the method is implemented. This study involved graduate students majoring in Information Systems at Satya Wacana Christian University. It is expected that the method proposed will help the students to know exactly what they need to read and focus on when they read a research article so that they can use their time more efficiently and effectively.

- Krismiyati

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
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A Response to the Article on "The Validity of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator for Predicting Expressed Marital Problems."  

Science.gov (United States)

Responds to "The Validity of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator for Predicting Expressed Marital Problems" (Douglass and Douglass, 1993). Addresses three contentions from earlier article concerning tendency to marry same type, tendency of similar types to have fewer marital problems, and use of opposite type scores on each preference to identify…

Sherman, Ruth G.; Jones, Jane Hardy

1994-01-01

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DESIGNING EAP MATERIALS BASED ON INTERCULTURAL CORPUS ANALYSES: THE CASE OF LOGICAL MARKERS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The ultimate aim of intercultural analyses in English for Academic Purposes is to help non-native scholars function successfully in the international disciplinary community in English. The aim of this paper is to show how corpus-based intercultural analyses can be useful to design EAP materials on a particular metadiscourse category, logical markers, in research article writing. The paper first describes the analysis carried out of additive, contrastive and consecutive logical markers in a corpus of research articles in English and in Spanish in a particular discipline, Business Management. Differences were found in their frequency and also in the use of each of the sub-categories. Then, five activities designed on the basis of these results are presented. They are aimed at raising Spanish Business scholars' awareness of the specific uses and pragmatic function of frequent logical markers in international research articles in English.

Pilar Mur Dueñas

2009-10-01

43

Citation analysis as a measure of article quality, journal influence and individual researcher performance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research-related performance of universities, as well as that of individual researchers, is increasingly evaluated through the use of objective measures, or metrics, which seek to support or in some cases even replace more traditional methods of peer review. In particular there is a growing awareness in research communities, government organisations and funding bodies around the concept of using evaluation metrics to analyse research citations. The tools available for ‘citation analysis’ are many and varied, enabling a quantification of scientific quality, academic impact and prestige. However there is increasing concern regarding the potential misuse of such tools, which have limitations in certain research disciplines. This article uses ‘real world’ examples from radiography research and scholarship to illustrate the range of currently available citation analysis tools. It explores the academic debate surrounding their strengths and limitations, and identifies the potential impact of citation analysis on the radiography research community. The article concludes that citation analysis is a valuable tool for researchers to use for personal reflection and research planning, yet there are inherent dangers if it is used inappropriately. Whilst citation analysis can give objective information regarding an individual, research group, journal or higher education institution, it should not be used as a total substitute for traditional qualitative review and peer ional qualitative review and peer assessment.

44

Discourse Research in Mathematics Education: A Critical Evaluation of 108 Journal Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

There has been increased engagement in studying discourse in the field of mathematics education. But what exactly is a discourse, and how do researchers go about analyzing discourses? This study examines 108 articles from 6 international journals in mathematics education by asking questions such as these: In which traditions and in relation to…

Ryve, Andreas

2011-01-01

45

How to Read Scientific Research Articles: A Hands-On Classroom Exercise  

Science.gov (United States)

Undergraduate students are generally unfamiliar with scientific literature. Further, students experience frustration when they read research articles the way they read textbooks, from beginning to end. Using a team-based active learning exercise, an instruction librarian and colleagues at University of Texas at Austin introduce nutritional…

Bogucka, Roxanne; Wood, Emily

2009-01-01

46

Text-Organising Metatext in Research Articles: An English-Slovene Contrastive Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper presents a contrastive analysis focusing on the differences in the use of two selected metatext categories, previews and reviews, in English and Slovene research articles. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the use of the selected metatext categories is more restricted in Slovene academic writing than in English academic…

Peterlin, A.P.

2005-01-01

47

Rhetorical Variation across Research Article Abstracts in Environmental Science and Applied Linguistics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract is of a pivotal genre in scientific communication, assisting not only highly selective readers with judgment of the pertinent articles but also researchers in disseminating new knowledge and intellectual discoveries. Difficult yet challenging, however, is the task of writing effective abstracts particularly among non-English speaking scholars. This study reports on the identification of moves and co-existing linguistic features commonly used in environmental science and applied linguistics research article abstracts. 200 research article abstracts published during the years of 2010-2013 were analyzed with reference to Hyland’s analytical framework. The two-tier analysis reveals a typical rhetorical structure including a cluster of linguistic features associated with certain pieces of information presented in each particular move, elucidating how research article abstracts in both fields are conventionally constructed. With the presence of all five moves, the structures of I-P-M-Pr-C and P-M-Pr-C were most prevalent among the corpus of environmental science and applied linguistics, respectively. All of the moves, except for Introduction move, were conventional across the two disciplines. Pedagogical implications of the findings are useful particularly for academic reading and writing instruction, enabling language teachers to empower their learners with strategies that contribute to the enhancement of success for publishing in scholarly leading publication.

Supachai Saeeaw

2014-07-01

48

The Article Idea Chart: A participatory action research tool to aid involvement in dissemination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Participatory-action research encourages the involvement of all key stakeholders in the research process and is especially well suited to mental health research. Previous literature outlines the importance of engaging stakeholders in the development of research questions and methodologies, but little has been written about ensuring the involvement of all stakeholders (especially non-academic members in dissemination opportunities such as publication development. The Article Idea Chart was developed as a specific methodology for engaging all stakeholders in data analysis and publication development. It has been successfully utilised in a number of studies and is an effective tool for ensuring the dissemination process of participatory-action research results is both inclusive and transparent to all team members, regardless of stakeholder group.Keywords: participatory-action research, mental health, dissemination, community capacity building, publications, authorship

Cheryl Forchuk

2014-06-01

49

Longitudinal study on patent citations to academic research articles in nanotechnology (1976-2004)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Academic nanoscale science and engineering (NSE) research provides a foundation for nanotechnology innovation reflected in patents. About 60% or about 50,000 of the NSE-related patents identified by 'full-text' keyword searching between 1976 and 2004 at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) have an average of approximately 18 academic citations. The most cited academic journals, individual researchers, and research articles have been evaluated as sources of technology innovation in the NSE area over the 28-year period. Each of the most influential articles was cited about 90 times on the average, while the most influential author was cited more than 700 times by the NSE-related patents. Thirteen mainstream journals accounted for about 20% of all citations. Science, Nature and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) have consistently been the top three most cited journals, with each article being cited three times on average. There is another kind of influential journals, represented by Biosystems and Origin of Life, which have very few articles cited but with exceptionally high frequencies. The number of academic citations per year from ten most cited journals has increased by over 17 times in the interval (1990-1999) as compared to (1976-1989), and again over 3 times in the interval (2000-2004) as compared to (1990-1999). This is an indication of increased used of academic knowledge creation in the NSE-related patentsthe NSE-related patents

50

Smooth muscle contamination analysis in clinical oncology gene expression research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gene expression profiling is one of the most explored methods for studying cancers and microarray data repositories have become a rich and important resource. The most common human cancers develop in organs that are walled by smooth muscles. The only method of sample extraction free of unintentional contamination with surrounding tissue is microdissection. Nevertheless, such an approach is implemented infrequently. In the light of the above, there is a possibility of smooth muscle contamination in a large portion of publicly available data. In this study, 2292 publicly available microarrays were analysed to develop a simple screening method for detecting smooth muscle contamination. Microarray Inspector software was used to perform the tests since it has the unique ability to use many selected genes and probesets in a single group as a tissue definition. Furthermore, the test was dataset-independent. Two strategies of tissue definition were explored and compared. The first one depended on Tissue Specific Genes Database (TiSGeD) and BioGPS web resources, which themselves were based on meta-analysis of thousands of microarrays. The second method was based on a differential gene expression analysis of a few hundred preselected arrays. The comparison of the two methods proved the latter to be superior. Among the tested samples of undefined contamination, nearly half were identified to possibly contain significant smooth muscle traces. The obtained results equip researches with a simple method of examining microarray data for smooth muscle contamination. The presented work serves as an example of how to create definitions when searching for other possible contaminations. PMID:24936521

Markowska, Monika; St?pniak, Piotr; Wojdan, Konrad; ?wirski, Konrad

2014-01-01

51

??????????????“Knowledge Organization? ?????? The Study of knowledge organization research development by the “Knowledge Organization” articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????? “Knowledge Organization”??????1993 ? 2008 ??? 215 ????????? Classification System for Knowledge Organization Literature???????????????????? 16 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????In this paper, 215 articles published in the journal of Knowledge Organization between 1993and 2008 were analyzed . “Classification System for Knowledge Literature " was used to classify the contents and themes of the above journal articles. The most investigated five themes are theoretical foundations and general problems, classification system and thesauri structure and construction, knowledge representation by language and terminology, on universal classification system and thesauri, and classification and indexing methodology. Among the above themes, two have already been thoroughly researched, which are universal classification and thesauri as well as vocabulary mapping and interoperability. Certain themes, continuously being researched, are theoretical foundations, classification system and thesauri structure and construction, knowledge representation by language and terminology, etc. Two themes, applied classing and indexing and knowledge organization environment, are still at the infancy stage and require further investigations.

Shu-Hui Pan

2010-04-01

52

Digging in to Link Analysis Researches in Iran and all around the World: a Review Article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Increasing websites quantity, specially scientific websites, there were many researches with concern of link analysis using webometrics by librarian and other scholars in different academic majors around the world. The purpose of this article was link analysis of all link analysis related papers from the beginning to February 19th 2009. The research based on Weiner, Amick, and Lee searching model in 2008, this study included 96 refereed papers extracted from international databases like Springer, Proquest, Sage, Emerald, IEEE, Science Direct and national databases such as Magiran and SID. These papers were studied focusing on their different parts like authors, affiliated organizations, purpose, methods, tools, keywords, date of publishing, publication, indexing databases and their suggestions. Moreover, analyzing those papers and studying any related models were the other purposes of the current article. The findings have been categorized and analyses in ten different sections.

Fatemeh Nooshinfard

2011-10-01

53

Investigating Move Structure of English Applied Linguistics Research Article Discussions Published in International and Thai Journals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigates the rhetorical move structure of English applied linguistic research article Discussions published in Thai and international journals. Two corpora comprising of 30 Thai Discussions and 30 international Discussions were analyzed using Yang & Allison’s (2003) move model. Based on the analysis, both similarities and differences regarding the move occurrence, move-ordering patterns, and move cyclicity were found. The marked differences of the two corpora were in t...

Wirada Amnuai; Anchalee Wannaruk

2013-01-01

54

Research Article Abstracts in Two Related Disciplines: Rhetorical Variation between Linguistics and Applied Linguistics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The previous studies on abstracts (e.g., Santos, 1996; Samraj, 2002; Pho, 2008) illustrate that disciplinary variation in research article abstracts is discernible. However, the studies of abstracts from two related disciplines are still limited. The present study aimed to explore the rhetorical moves of abstracts in the fields of linguistics and applied linguistics by investigating 200 abstracts published between 2009-2012. Hyland’s (2000) model of five rhetorical moves was chosen as th...

Watinee Suntara; Siriluck Usaha

2013-01-01

55

Analyses of Move Structure and Verb Tense of Research Article Abstracts in Applied Linguistics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined 90 research article abstracts in three applied linguistics journals (i.e., TESOL Quarterly, Applied Linguistics, and Language Learning) from two dimensions: the move structure features and the verb tense of each move. The results showed that the abstracts analyzed tended to take a four-move structure instead of a five-move one as proposed in literature. In addition, since some publishers have word limits on abstract length, authors would usually follow the publisher’s...

Fan-ping Tseng

2011-01-01

56

EDITORIAL: 'Best article' prize for the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters 'Best article' prize for the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters  

Science.gov (United States)

To celebrate the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters (ERL) the publishers of the journal, IOP Publishing, have awarded a prize for the five best articles published in ERL since the journal began in 2006. The procedure for deciding the winning articles was as thorough as possible to ensure that the most outstanding articles would win the prize. A shortlist of 25 nominated research articles, five for each year since ERL was launched, which were chosen based on a range of criteria including novelty, scientific impact, readership, broad appeal and wider media coverage, was selected. The ERL Editorial Board then assessed and rated these 25 articles in order to choose a winning article for each year. We would like to announce that the following articles have been awarded ERL's 5th anniversary best article prize: 2006/7 The Bodélé depression: a single spot in the Sahara that provides most of the mineral dust to the Amazon forest Ilan Koren, Yoram J Kaufman, Richard Washington, Martin C Todd, Yinon Rudich, J Vanderlei Martins and Daniel Rosenfeld 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014005 2008 Causes and impacts of the 2005 Amazon drought Ning Zeng, Jin-Ho Yoon, Jose A Marengo, Ajit Subramaniam, Carlos A Nobre, Annarita Mariotti and J David Neelin 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 014002 2009 How difficult is it to recover from dangerous levels of global warming? J A Lowe, C Huntingford, S C B Raper, C D Jones, S K Liddicoat and L K Gohar 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014012 2010 Is physical water scarcity a new phenomenon? Global assessment of water shortage over the last two millennia Matti Kummu, Philip J Ward, Hans de Moel and Olli Varis 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 034006 2011 Implications of urban structure on carbon consumption in metropolitan areas Jukka Heinonen and Seppo Junnila 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014018 Our congratulations go to these authors. In recognition of their outstanding work, we are delighted to offer all of the authors of the winning articles free publication in the journal until the end of 2012. Of course all of the shortlisted papers were of great merit, and the full list of nominees can be found below (in alphabetical order). Nominees Achard F, DeFries R, Eva H, Hansen M, Mayaux P and Stibig H-J 2007 Environ. Res. Lett. 2 045022 Baccini A, Laporte N, Goetz S J, Sun M and Dong H 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 045011 Barona E, Ramankutty N, Hyman G and Coomes O T 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 024002 Charpentier A D, Bergerson J A and MacLean H L 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014005 Chester M V and Horvath A 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024008 Cooley S R and Doney S C 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024007 Diffenbaugh N S, White M A, Jones G V and Ashfaq M 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 024024 Farrell A E and Brandt A R 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014004 Graham W M, Condon R H, Carmichael R H, D'Ambra I, Patterson H K, Linn L J and Hernandez F J Jr 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 045301 Hansen J E 2007 Environ. Res. Lett. 2 024002 Heinonen J and Junnila S 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014018 Jackson R B et al 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 044006 Jiang M, Michael Griffin W, Hendrickson C, Jaramillo P, VanBriesen J and Venkatesh A 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 034014 Koren I, Kaufman Y J, Washington R, Todd M C, Rudich Y, Martins J V and Rosenfeld D 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014005 Kummu M, Ward P J, de Moel H and Varis O 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 034006 Lau W K M, Kim M-K, Kim K-M and Lee W-S 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 025204 Lindeboom H J et al 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 035101 Lowe J A, Huntingford C, Raper S C B, Jones C D, Liddicoat S K and Gohar L K 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014012 Möhler O, Benz S, Saathoff H, Schnaiter M, Wagner R, Schneider J, Walter S, Ebert V and Wagner S 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 025007 Menon S, Akbari H, Mahanama S, Sednev I and Levinson R 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 014005 Schneider A, Friedl M A and Potere D 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 044003 Sloan T and Wolfendale A W 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 024001 Tedesco M, Fettweis X, van den Broeke M R, van de Wal R S W, Smeets C J P P, van de Berg W J, Serreze M C a

Kammen, Dan; Wright, Guillaume

2011-12-01

57

Lifestyle factors in hypertension drug research: systematic analysis of articles in a leading cochrane report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Established standards for first-line hypertension management include lifestyle modification and behavior change. The degree to which and how lifestyle modification is systematically integrated into studies of first-line drug management for hypertension is of methodological and clinical relevance. This study systematically reviewed the methodology of articles from a recent Cochrane review that had been designed to inform first-line medical treatment of hypertension and was representative of high quality established clinical trials in the field. Source articles (n = 34) were systematically reviewed for lifestyle interventions including smoking cessation, diet, weight loss, physical activity and exercise, stress reduction, and moderate alcohol consumption. 54% of articles did not mention lifestyle modification; 46% contained nonspecific descriptions of interventions. We contend that hypertension management research trials (including drug studies) need to elucidate the benefits and risks of drug-lifestyle interaction, to support the priority of lifestyle modification, and that lifestyle modification, rather than drugs, is seen by patients and the public as a priority for health professionals. The inclusion of lifestyle modification strategies in research designs for hypertension drug trials could enhance current research, from trial efficacy to clinical outcome effectiveness, and align hypertension best practices of a range of health professionals with evidence-based knowledge translation. PMID:24678418

Wilson, Dan E; Van Vlack, Tashina; Schievink, Brendin P; Doak, Eric B; Shane, Jason S; Dean, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

58

Lifestyle Factors in Hypertension Drug Research: Systematic Analysis of Articles in a Leading Cochrane Report  

Science.gov (United States)

Established standards for first-line hypertension management include lifestyle modification and behavior change. The degree to which and how lifestyle modification is systematically integrated into studies of first-line drug management for hypertension is of methodological and clinical relevance. This study systematically reviewed the methodology of articles from a recent Cochrane review that had been designed to inform first-line medical treatment of hypertension and was representative of high quality established clinical trials in the field. Source articles (n = 34) were systematically reviewed for lifestyle interventions including smoking cessation, diet, weight loss, physical activity and exercise, stress reduction, and moderate alcohol consumption. 54% of articles did not mention lifestyle modification; 46% contained nonspecific descriptions of interventions. We contend that hypertension management research trials (including drug studies) need to elucidate the benefits and risks of drug-lifestyle interaction, to support the priority of lifestyle modification, and that lifestyle modification, rather than drugs, is seen by patients and the public as a priority for health professionals. The inclusion of lifestyle modification strategies in research designs for hypertension drug trials could enhance current research, from trial efficacy to clinical outcome effectiveness, and align hypertension best practices of a range of health professionals with evidence-based knowledge translation. PMID:24678418

Wilson, Dan E.; Van Vlack, Tashina; Schievink, Brendin P.; Doak, Eric B.; Shane, Jason S.; Dean, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

59

Persistence of information on the web: Analyzing citations contained in research articles  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We analyze the persistence of information on the web, looking at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer (ResearchIndex) database. The number of URLs contained in the papers has increased from an average of 0.06 in 1993 to 1.6 in 1999. We found that a significant percentage of URLs are now invalid, ranging from 23% for 1999 articles, to 53% for 1994. We also found that for almost all of the invalid URLs, it was possible to locate the information (or highly related information) in an alternate location, primarily with the use of search engines. However, the ability to relocate missing information varied according to search experience and effort expended. Citation practices suggest that more information may be lost in the future unless these practices are improved. We discuss persistent URL standards and their usage, and give recommendations for citing URLs in research articles as well as for finding the new location of invalid URLs.

Nielsen, Finn Årup

2000-01-01

60

Discoursive analysis and pragmatic metadiscourse in four sub-areas of Economics research articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available English for Specific Purposes (ESP and English for Academic Purposes (EAP are two disciplines whose importance has been growing lately. This is due to the ever-increasing interest in the language that describes the most recent developments in varying disciplines and the need to communicate in and understand that language. One of the means for the spreading of those new developments in the different technologies is through research articles inspecialised journals. These impose certain rules that must be fulfilled by all researchers who want to see their papers published. Much literature has been written about this, covering most linguistic areas (see, for instance, Bazerman, 1988; Bhatia, 1993; Dudley-Evans, 1994; Fortanet, 2002. Many articles contrast different genres but rarely distinguish different sub-areas within a genre (Bridgman & Carlson, 1984; Malcolm, 1987; Hyland, 1988; Neff Van Aertselaer, 2006. In the present case, we will consider texts within the discipline of Economics. The aim of this paper is to show a structural, grammatical and metatextual analysis of ten articles recently published in very prestigious specialised publications, covering the most important areas of study in Economics. We conclude by making a contrastive rhetorical analysis of the four sub-genres analysed here. These are: Applied Economy, Quantitative Economy, Financial Economy, and Management and Business.

Concepción Hernández Guerra

2008-10-01

 
 
 
 
61

Article Expression, Purification, and Characterization of Cu/ZnSOD from Panax Ginseng  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Superoxide dismutase (SOD has a strong antioxidant effect, but the traditional SOD extraction method is not the most efficient method of SOD amplification. In this study, we report the cloning of the Cu/ZnSOD gene from Panax ginseng into a temperature-regulated expression plasmid, pBV220. Cu/ZnSOD inclusion bodies were expressed in E. coli at a high level. Then, the inclusion bodies were purified by ion-exchange chromatography and molecular sieve chromatography. Finally, we obtained stable SOD in the bacterial broth, with a protein content of 965 mg/L and enzyme specific activity of 9389.96 U/mg. These results provide a foundation for future studies on the antioxidant mechanisms of ginseng and the development and application of ginseng Cu/ZnSOD.

Dayong Ding

2014-06-01

62

Research of Emotion Recognition Based on Speech and Facial Expression  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper introduced the present status of speech emotion recognition. In order to improve the single-mode emotion recognition rate, the bimodal fusion method based on speech and facial expression was proposed. The emotional databases of Chinese speech and facial expressions were established with the noise stimulus and movies evoking subjects' emtion. On the foundation, we analyzed the acoustic features of Chinese speech signals under different emotional states, and obtained the general laws of prosodic feature parameters. We discussed the single-mode speech emotion recognitions based on the prosodic features and the geometric features of facial expression. Then, the bimodal emotion recognition was obtained by the use of Gaussian Mixture Model. The experimental results showed that, the bimodal emotion recognition rate combined with facial expression was about 6% higher than the single-model recognition rate merely using prosodic features.

Jing Zou

2013-01-01

63

Research of Emotion Recognition Based on Speech and Facial Expression  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper introduced the present status of speech emotion recognition. In order to improve the single-mode emotion recognition rate, the bimodal fusion method based on speech and facial expression was proposed. The emotional databases of Chinese speech and facial expressions were established with the noise stimulus and movies evoking subjects' emtion. On the foundation, we analyzed the acoustic features of Chinese speech signals under different emotional states, and obtained the general laws ...

Jing Zou; Xinghai Yang; Yutai Wang

2013-01-01

64

FACSGen 2.0 animation software: generating three-dimensional FACS-valid facial expressions for emotion research.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, we present FACSGen 2.0, new animation software for creating static and dynamic three-dimensional facial expressions on the basis of the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). FACSGen permits total control over the action units (AUs), which can be animated at all levels of intensity and applied alone or in combination to an infinite number of faces. In two studies, we tested the validity of the software for the AU appearance defined in the FACS manual and the conveyed emotionality of FACSGen expressions. In Experiment 1, four FACS-certified coders evaluated the complete set of 35 single AUs and 54 AU combinations for AU presence or absence, appearance quality, intensity, and asymmetry. In Experiment 2, lay participants performed a recognition task on emotional expressions created with FACSGen software and rated the similarity of expressions displayed by human and FACSGen faces. Results showed good to excellent classification levels for all AUs by the four FACS coders, suggesting that the AUs are valid exemplars of FACS specifications. Lay participants' recognition rates for nine emotions were high, and comparisons of human and FACSGen expressions were very similar. The findings demonstrate the effectiveness of the software in producing reliable and emotionally valid expressions, and suggest its application in numerous scientific areas, including perception, emotion, and clinical and neuroscience research. PMID:22251045

Krumhuber, Eva G; Tamarit, Lucas; Roesch, Etienne B; Scherer, Klaus R

2012-04-01

65

Stylistic Features of Scientific English: A Study of Scientific Research Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study intends to explore what stylistic features characterize scientific English and make it different from any other language used in any other discipline. What are certain areas of language that are used more frequently in science than in non-science oriented language texts? This paper deals with the linguistic features concerning the application of vocabulary, grammar, discourse and style used in scientific English. A comparative analysis of literary and scientific language has been undertaken to make the nature and discourse of scientific English clearer. It was found that scientific use of English is marked with accuracy, precision and objective interpretation of facts and findings whereas literary language is subjective interpretation of life. Literary language contains literary impulse and represents the artist's inner self and his spontaneous overflow of feeling whereas scientific language represents universal truth and verifiable research findings. Scientific research papers drawn from Medical and Natural sciences were analyzed and it was found that frequent occurrence of Passive Voice in Method Section of scientific research articles makes scientific research findings impersonal and universal. Scientists use Passive Voice most often in order to get rid of personal whims and fancies. Many other features of scientific English such as nominalization and ‘interrogative gambit’ which occur frequently as unique discourse features in scientific research journals have also been taken into account in this study.

Jameel Ahmad

2012-02-01

66

Recommended Strain Gage Application Procedures for Various Langley Research Center Balances and Test Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Langley Research Center uses more than 10000 strain gages per year in supporting its various research programs. The character of the testing at LaRC is such that the types of strain gage installations, the materials they are applied to, and the test environments encountered, require many varied approaches for installing strain gages. These installations must be accomplished in the most technically discerning and appropriate manner. This technical memorandum is offered as an assisting guide in helping the strain gage user to determine the appropriate approach for a given strain gage application requirement. Specifically, this document offers detailed recommendations for strain gaging the following: LaRC-Designed balances, LARC custom transducers, certain composite materials and alloys, high-temperature test articles, and selected non-typical or unique materials or test conditions.

Moore, Thomas C., Sr.

1997-01-01

67

25th anniversary article: a decade of organic/polymeric photovoltaic research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology has been developed and improved from a fancy concept with less than 1% power conversion efficiency (PCE) to over 10% PCE, particularly through the efforts in the last decade. The significant progress is the result of multidisciplinary research ranging from chemistry, material science, physics, and engineering. These efforts include the design and synthesis of novel compounds, understanding and controlling the film morphology, elucidating the device mechanisms, developing new device architectures, and improving large-scale manufacture. All of these achievements catalyzed the rapid growth of the OPV technology. This review article takes a retrospective look at the research and development of OPV, and focuses on recent advances of solution-processed materials and devices during the last decade, particular the polymer version of the materials and devices. The work in this field is exciting and OPV technology is a promising candidate for future thin film solar cells. PMID:24105687

Dou, Letian; You, Jingbi; Hong, Ziruo; Xu, Zheng; Li, Gang; Street, Robert A; Yang, Yang

2013-12-10

68

Inferential Discourse Markers in Discussion Section of Psychology Research Articles across English and Persian  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of inferential discourse markers (IDMs as a linguistic device implies significant results in satisfying conversational coherence. Therefore, with the aim of investigating their distribution of the use, this study was developed across three different sets of psychology articles written by English native speakers (NS, Persian non-native speakers (PNNS and Persian native speakers (PNS during the years 2005 to 2010.To this aim, Fraser’s (1999, and Halliday and Hasan’s (1976 suggested taxonomies were adopted in the analysis of IDMs in the discussion section of 198 psychological research articles. As a result, two micro- (13 minor categories and macro-levels (3 major categories analyses of the IDMs were presented. The extent of difference in the type and frequency of use was then assessed through Chi- square across these examined groups. Based on the findings, the extent of difference was significant (p<0.05 at the micro-level, yet insignificant (p>0.05 at macro-level. Although therefore and thus were the commonest markers for all the native and non-native writers, there was a higher record of the former in the English articles written by Persian speakers (38%. Yet, the latter was more frequent among the English native speakers (34.9%. On the other hand, the major function of general causal relation proved as the common type of IDMs across all three groups of articles. The findings may promise some implications for syllabus designers, material developers and language practitioners, as well.

Elham Kaveifard

2011-12-01

69

Analyses of Move Structure and Verb Tense of Research Article Abstracts in Applied Linguistics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined 90 research article abstracts in three applied linguistics journals (i.e., TESOL Quarterly, Applied Linguistics, and Language Learning from two dimensions: the move structure features and the verb tense of each move. The results showed that the abstracts analyzed tended to take a four-move structure instead of a five-move one as proposed in literature. In addition, since some publishers have word limits on abstract length, authors would usually follow the publisher’s guideline accordingly, thus there existing some differences concerning the move structure features among the abstracts in the three journals. In terms of the verb tense in each move, the preferred pattern was as follows: the present tense usually occurred in the first, second, and fifth move, while the past tense was often used in the third and fourth moves. It was also found that there were some variations between the abstracts written by native speakers and nonnative speakers of English. It is hoped that with detailed analyses of abstracts, the results of this study may serve as a complement to the guidelines for novice writers to construct a proper research article abstract in applied linguistics.

Fan-ping Tseng

2011-08-01

70

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

71

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management has a high long-term failure rate it continues to dominate research in the field. In the current research agenda, controversies and complexities in the evidence base are inadequately discussed, and claims about the likely success of weight management misrepresent available evidence. Conclusions Dietetic literature on weight management fails to meet the standards of evidence based medicine. Research in the field is characterised by speculative claims that fail to accurately represent the available data. There is a corresponding lack of debate on the ethical implications of continuing to promote ineffective treatment regimes and little research into alternative non-weight centred approaches. An alternative health at every size approach is recommended.

Aphramor Lucy

2010-07-01

72

Use of the statistical methods in research articles of five Peruvian biomedical journals. Period 2002-2009  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The use of statistical analysis is important in the biomedical research. Some studies have described the use of statistical methods in research articles, in Peruvian literature has not been done this description. Objective: To describe the frequency of use of statistical methods in five Peruvian biomedical journals in the period 2002-2009. Methods: Bibliometric, descriptive study. We analyzed the original articles of the journals: Peruvian Journal of public health and experimental medicine, A...

Franco Romaní; Javier Márquez; Paolo Wong

2010-01-01

73

Artigos científicos como recurso didático no ensino superior de Química Research articles as a didatic tool in undergraduate chemistry teaching  

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Full Text Available Chemistry teachers increasingly use research articles in their undergraduate courses. This trend arises from current pedagogical emphasis on active learning and scientific process. In this paper, we describe some educational experiences on the use of research articles in chemistry higher education. Additionally, we present our own conclusions on the use of such methodology applied to a scientific communication course offered to undergraduate chemistry students at the University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Luciana Massi

2009-01-01

74

Text mining of full-text journal articles combined with gene expression analysis reveals a relationship between sphingosine-1-phosphate and invasiveness of a glioblastoma cell line  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P, a lysophospholipid, is involved in various cellular processes such as migration, proliferation, and survival. To date, the impact of S1P on human glioblastoma is not fully understood. Particularly, the concerted role played by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP and S1P in aggressive tumor behavior and angiogenesis remains to be elucidated. Results To gain new insights in the effect of S1P on angiogenesis and invasion of this type of malignant tumor, we used microarrays to investigate the gene expression in glioblastoma as a response to S1P administration in vitro. We compared the expression profiles for the same cell lines under the influence of epidermal growth factor (EGF, an important growth factor. We found a set of 72 genes that are significantly differentially expressed as a unique response to S1P. Based on the result of mining full-text articles from 20 scientific journals in the field of cancer research published over a period of five years, we inferred gene-gene interaction networks for these 72 differentially expressed genes. Among the generated networks, we identified a particularly interesting one. It describes a cascading event, triggered by S1P, leading to the transactivation of MMP-9 via neuregulin-1 (NRG-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, and the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA. This interaction network has the potential to shed new light on our understanding of the role played by MMP-9 in invasive glioblastomas. Conclusion Automated extraction of information from biological literature promises to play an increasingly important role in biological knowledge discovery. This is particularly true for high-throughput approaches, such as microarrays, and for combining and integrating data from different sources. Text mining may hold the key to unraveling previously unknown relationships between biological entities and could develop into an indispensable instrument in the process of formulating novel and potentially promising hypotheses.

DeSesa Catherine

2006-08-01

75

Use of the statistical methods in research articles of five Peruvian biomedical journals. Period 2002-2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of statistical analysis is important in the biomedical research. Some studies have described the use of statistical methods in research articles, in Peruvian literature has not been done this description. Objective: To describe the frequency of use of statistical methods in five Peruvian biomedical journals in the period 2002-2009. Methods: Bibliometric, descriptive study. We analyzed the original articles of the journals: Peruvian Journal of public health and experimental medicine, Annals of the Faculty of Medicine, Herediana Medical Journal, Science and Medical Research Student of LatinAmerican (CIMEL and Peruvian Journal of Gastroenterology. We performed descriptive and bivariate analysis to identify factors influencing the use of statistical methods. Results: We analyzed 794 original articles, 42,1% of articles were authored by specialized physicians, 41,9% of articles had clinical medicine as their main topic. 41,3% of the articles were cross sectional and 39,1% were descriptive. The most common statistical tests used were descriptive analysis (82.7% of articles, contingency tables (38,5%, Student T-test (15,7% and epidemiologic statistics (12% and non parametric tests (9,3%. The number of articles using descriptive statistics have declined since the year 2002 (p = 0,02. 2,5% of articles not use any type of statistical analysis, 47,9% of articles used a unique statistical test and 49,6% of articles used more than one statistical test. Conclusions: The descriptive analysis is the most common type of analysis in the Peruvian biomedical journal articles, however the frequency of its use has declined in the period analyzed. We recommend studies to evaluate the statistical tests used in Peruvian journals and identify the most frequent types of errors in its use.

Franco Romaní

2010-08-01

76

El metadiscurso interpersonal en artículos de investigación / Interpersonal metadiscourse in research articles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo se presentan los resultados del análisis de una muestra de quince artículos de la Revista de Pedagogía con el objetivo de determinar la manera cómo los investigadores de la educación se interrelacionan con sus pares y comunican su posición y su compromiso con la disciplina. Para ell [...] o se identificaron las marcas metadiscursivas y su frecuencia de uso según las categorías de metadiscurso interpersonal propuestas por Hyland (1999a, 2000): mitigadores, enfatizadores, marcadores de actitud, marcadores relacionales y marcadores de persona. Los resultados revelan cierta variabilidad en el uso de las marcas interpersonales, la cual podría estar vinculada al tipo de investigación. La mitigación constituyó el rasgo más frecuente seguido por los marcadores relacionales y actitudinales. Se concluye que los investigadores de la educación tienen una tendencia a no imponer sus puntos de vista, muestran preocupación por proyectarse como persona y por persuadir a sus lectores para que estos acepten sus argumentos. Abstract in english This article reports on the results of the analysis of a sample of fifteen articles extracted from the journal Revista de Pedagogía in order to determine how education researchers interact with their peers and communicate their integrity and their compromise with the discipline. The analysis focused [...] on the interpersonal metadiscourse category and its dimensions as proposed by Hyland (1999a, 2000): hedges, boosters, attitude markers, relational markers and person markers. The results reveal that the variability in the use of interpersonal markers could be linked to the type of research. Hedging constituted the most frequent trait followed by relation and attitude markers. I conclude that education researchers have a tendency not to impose their point of views. They are concerned with personal stance and with assuring that their arguments are accepted by their readers.

Rebecca, Beke.

77

‘Extending this claim, we propose…’ The writer’s presence in research articles from different disciplines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In today’s academic world, creating an appropriate authorial identity by means of self-mention resources is essential to project an image of competence and reliability in research articles (RAs, and to highlight the relevance of one’s contributions. This paper offers quantitative and qualitative data on the use of exclusive first person markers in RAs from four different disciplines, namely Applied Linguistics, Business Management, Food Technology and Urology, complemented by insights from specialist informants in each of the fields. Moreover, the main discourse functions performed by authors when using exclusive “we” have been studied. The results indicate that there are significant variations in the frequency of these resources and in the preferred functions for which they are used across disciplines, although this variation is not entirely consistent with the dichotomy between hard and soft sciences.

Enrique Lafuente Millán

2010-10-01

78

RAVE: Research of Articles and Decisions in Public International Law and European Law  

Science.gov (United States)

Sponsored by the Ministry of Sciences and Research of the Land of Northrhine-Westphalia (Germany) and the Paul-Mikat-Foundation, Dusseldorf (Germany), this site contains bibliographic citations to over 4,000 pertinent articles and decisions. RAVE is composed of two main sections: Public International Law and European Law. Citations are available from the early 1990's and can be browsed or searched via an Excite engine. A systematic index is available for browsing, as is an alphabetical one (although the latter is unfortunately not hyperlinked). A list of periodicals and abbreviations is also provided. Users can opt to view the site in English, French, or German with citations given in the language of their origin. Hyperlinks to decisions or documents are provided when available.

1998-01-01

79

Research Article Abstracts in Two Related Disciplines: Rhetorical Variation between Linguistics and Applied Linguistics  

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Full Text Available The previous studies on abstracts (e.g., Santos, 1996; Samraj, 2002; Pho, 2008 illustrate that disciplinary variation in research article abstracts is discernible. However, the studies of abstracts from two related disciplines are still limited. The present study aimed to explore the rhetorical moves of abstracts in the fields of linguistics and applied linguistics by investigating 200 abstracts published between 2009-2012. Hyland’s (2000 model of five rhetorical moves was chosen as the analytical framework for the rhetorical structure. Findings indicated that there were three conventional moves in abstracts in linguistics, while there were four conventional moves in abstracts in applied linguistics. The findings have significant pedagogical implications for academic writing for novice writers in the two disciplines.

Watinee Suntara

2013-02-01

80

Accidentes del verbo en las secciones de artículos de investigación / Verbal Inflection in Research Article Sections  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo, se describe la variación de los accidentes del verbo en las secciones de artículos de investigación en español. Para ello, se analizaron los accidentes del verbo de 42.086 formas verbales en un corpus representativo de 162 artículos de investigación, pertenecientes a 6 áreas de la [...] ciencia y obtenidos de la base SciELO-Chile. Los resultados generales muestran que los elementos no marcados son siempre más frecuentes, independientemente del área de la ciencia y de la sección. Además, las áreas de la ciencia no afectan los patrones de uso de los verbos. Por último, al analizar la variación por sección, el único accidente que varía sustancialmente es el tiempo verbal. Los resultados de esta investigación son de utilidad para aquellos interesados en la descripción del discurso científico y en la didáctica de la escritura científica. Abstract in english This article attempts to describe verbal inflection variation in research article sections written in Spanish. In order to depict these inflections, we analyzed a corpus of 42.086 verbal forms from 162 research papers. These papers are from six scientific areas and were obtained from the Chilean Sci [...] ELO index. General results show that unmarked elements are always more frequent regardless the scientific area or the section. Besides, we can state that verb patterns are not affected by the scientific area under analysis. Finally, when the sections of the papers were analyzed, we could find out that variation takes place only in tense. These results are useful for both scientific discourse description and the didactics of scientific writing.

Omar, Sabaj; Miguel, Fuentes; Ken, Matsuda.

2013-11-01

 
 
 
 
81

A Teaching Strategy with a Focus on Argumentation to Improve Undergraduate Students’ Ability to Read Research Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to evaluate a teaching strategy designed to teach first-year undergraduate life sciences students at a research university how to learn to read authentic research articles. Our approach—based on the work done in the field of genre analysis and argumentation theory—means that we teach students to read research articles by teaching them which rhetorical moves occur in research articles and how they can identify these. Because research articles are persuasive by their very nature, we focused on the rhetorical moves that play an important role in authors’ arguments. We designed a teaching strategy using cognitive apprenticeship as the pedagogical approach. It was implemented in a first-year compulsory course in the life sciences undergraduate program. Comparison of the results of a pretest with those of the posttest showed that students’ ability to identify these moves had improved. Moreover, students themselves had also perceived that their ability to read and understand a research article had increased. The students’ evaluations demonstrated that they appreciated the pedagogical approach used and experienced the assignments as useful. On the basis of our results, we concluded that students had taken a first step toward becoming expert readers.

Lacum, Edwin B. Van; Goedhart, Martin J.

2014-01-01

82

Enhancing Practitioner Knowledge through a Unique Abstracting Format Used with "Research on Social Work Practice" Journal Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

In an effort to bridge the long-standing schism between social work researchers and practitioners, "Research on Social Work Practice" ("RSWP") presents an additional structured abstract for inclusion in their published articles called the practitioner knowledge abstract (PKA). Its conceptualization and rationale are presented, as are some case…

Holosko, Michael J.

2009-01-01

83

From academic research articles to academic visual and video essays: Only a multimodal transition?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Drawing on an interdisciplinary theoretical framework, we propose to examine multimodal texts from the academic genre set belonging to the field of presenting and discussing research results: the academic research article, the academic visual essay and the academic video essay. The data for this study has been collected from academic journals that belong to print medium and to multimedia. In order to articulate an analytical model for the description and interpretation of these subgenres, we depart from the understanding of genres as linguistic categories influenced by specific situations, and we take into consideration the influence of technological advances upon the development of multimodal genres and the variety of subgenres. Therefore, concepts like remediation and resemiotization that are related to a multimodal approach to genres will be employed. The exploration of these multimodal subgenres will also be facilitated by applying theoretical approaches focused on knowledge communication because the academic discourse in these subgenres is based on specific meaning-making structures. The fact that these structures are linked to the subgenres’ common communicative purpose of representing specific knowledge types implies that it is necessary to explore how the structures are influenced by the choice and interplay of several semiotic modes. We address the semiotic modes’ interaction and combination within the subgenres in order to identify the roles of the semiotic interplay in creating and multiplying meaning at various levels of the generic organization. This paper concludes that it is increasingly necessary to open up the analytical space for the study of new multimodal academic subgenres by integrating the multimodal perspective in the context of genre theory in order to highlight the newest developments in the contemporary realm of research genres.

Maier, Carmen Daniela

84

DESIGNING EAP MATERIALS BASED ON INTERCULTURAL CORPUS ANALYSES: THE CASE OF LOGICAL MARKERS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES DESIGNING EAP MATERIALS BASED ON INTERCULTURAL CORPUS ANALYSES: THE CASE OF LOGICAL MARKERS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES  

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Full Text Available The ultimate aim of intercultural analyses in English for Academic Purposes is to help non-native scholars function successfully in the international disciplinary community in English. The aim of this paper is to show how corpus-based intercultural analyses can be useful to design EAP materials on a particular metadiscourse category, logical markers, in research article writing. The paper first describes the analysis carried out of additive, contrastive and consecutive logical markers in a corpus of research articles in English and in Spanish in a particular discipline, Business Management. Differences were found in their frequency and also in the use of each of the sub-categories. Then, five activities designed on the basis of these results are presented. They are aimed at raising Spanish Business scholars' awareness of the specific uses and pragmatic function of frequent logical markers in international research articles in English.The ultimate aim of intercultural analyses in English for Academic Purposes is to help non-native scholars function successfully in the international disciplinary community in English. The aim of this paper is to show how corpus-based intercultural analyses can be useful to design EAP materials on a particular metadiscourse category, logical markers, in research article writing. The paper first describes the analysis carried out of additive, contrastive and consecutive logical markers in a corpus of research articles in English and in Spanish in a particular discipline, Business Management. Differences were found in their frequency and also in the use of each of the sub-categories. Then, five activities designed on the basis of these results are presented. They are aimed at raising Spanish Business scholars' awareness of the specific uses and pragmatic function of frequent logical markers in international research articles in English.

Pilar Mur Dueñas

2009-10-01

85

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: Application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject) were collected. A commonly practised peer-review approach in teaching was applied to analyse the data and to ident...

Kumar, P.; Rafiq, Mi; Imam, B.

2011-01-01

86

A Corpus-Based Lexical Study on Frequency and Distribution of Coxhead's Awl Word Families in Medical Research Articles (RAs)  

Science.gov (United States)

We conducted a lexical study on the word frequency and the text coverage of the 570 word families from Coxhead's Academic Word List (AWL) in medical research articles (RAs) based on a corpus of 50 medical RAs written in English with 190425 running words. By computer analysis, we found that the text coverage of the AWL words accounted for around…

Chen, Qi; Guang-Chun, Ge

2007-01-01

87

The Reliability of Evidence Contained in the National Qualifications Framework Impact Study: A Critical Reflection--Research Article  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reflects on the reliability of the evidence contained in the National Qualifications Framework Impact Study, a longitudinal comparative study conducted by the South African Qualifications Authority since 2002. In so doing, the veracity of evidence-based research in determining the impact of the South African Qualifications Framework…

Higgs, Philip; Keevy, James

2007-01-01

88

Four decades of music therapy behavioral research designs: a content analysis of Journal of music therapy articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article updates previous content analyses of the Journal of Music Therapy (JMT) and presents information regarding the behavioral research approach to music therapy as reflected by published studies. JMT articles from 1964 through 1999 were examined to determine if the methodology included a behavioral research design (e.g., reversal, multiple baseline). Case studies not meeting the design criteria were excluded from the sample as were experimental group studies using a behavioral observation method or behavioral technique within a traditional statistical design. Experimental studies, however, in which behavioral research designs were included in treatment conditions and assigned to different groups were included. Articles meeting the behavioral research design criteria were analyzed to determine the type of design, the behavioral observation method and reliability report, the client population, and the music application. Of the 607 articles published in JMT, 96 or 15.8% included a behavioral research design. The lowest percentage occurred in the earliest volumes of JMT during the latter part of the 60s. An increase in behavioral research articles occurred during the 70s and 80s and continued throughout the 90s. Other findings include the following: (a) the most prevalent design was the reversal (ABA) with many variations; (b) the predominant observation methods were frequency counts and interval recording with an increase in observation reliability reports in the 80s and 90s; (c) studies published during the 80s and 90s included a wide variety of client populations compared to the 60s and 70s predominant applications with mental retardation and emotional disturbances; (d) the contingent application of music was highest during the 70s and 80s and virtually nonexistent during the 60s and 90s when other treatment conditions employed music as noncontingent background stimulus, an activity for structuring responses, and a cue for maintaining nonmusic responses. The increase in articles through the decades coupled with the increased diversity of populations suggests that behavioral research designs are flexible and applicable in music therapy practice today as much as they were during the initial phase during the 70s and 80s. PMID:12015812

Gregory, Dianne

2002-01-01

89

Practices To Improve Your Chances for Success When Submitting Research Articles to Academic Journals.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper begins by stating that if a writer of scholarly articles wishes to succeed in getting published, he or she must become a good communicator, a good reader of instructions, and knowledgeable about his or her audience. The paper suggests that a beginning writer should submit the first few manuscripts to regional rather than national…

Donald, Ralph

90

Interacting with the Reader: Politeness Strategies in Engineering Research Article Discussions  

Science.gov (United States)

The writer's strategy to combine the exposition of factual information with personal judgement and interaction with the reader has been analysed in a number of studies (Hunston, 1994; Hyland, 1998a, 1998b; Latour and Woolgar, 1979; Skelton, 1997). Myers' studies (1989, 1992) on the pragmatics of politeness in scientific articles analyse politeness…

Salom, Luz Gil; Monreal, Carmen Soler

2009-01-01

91

Promotional (Meta)Discourse in Research Articles in Language and Literary Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

It is now widely recognized that self-promotion in academic discourse varies across disciplines. Whereas most analysts focus on publicization techniques in natural and social sciences, the humanities have received much less attention. This article investigates the strategies associated with promotional (meta)discourse in the humanities. In…

Afros, Elena; Schryer, Catherine F.

2009-01-01

92

Research topics, author's specialty, and funding sources of articles published in an emergency medicine journal.  

Science.gov (United States)

All original articles published in JACEP and Annals of Emergency Medicine in 1972, 1975, 1978, and 1981 were reviewed and classified according to topic, author's specialty, and funding source. The number of articles published in each category was as follows: toxicology, 44; emergency medical services (EMS), 34; general surgery, 31; emergency department, 28; educational techniques, 19; orthopedics, 17; cardiovascular disease, 15; pulmonary, 13; cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), 10; shock, 8; airway management, 8; and other, 71. The number of authors per article ranged from one to eight; the mean number of authors increased from 1.1 in 1972 to 2.6 in 1981 (P less than .001). The authors' backgrounds most frequently included were as follows: emergency medicine, 53.4%; surgery, 12.8%; internal medicine, 7.9%; and pediatrics, 1.6%. The percentage of articles with specific funding sources increased from 2.9% in 1972 to 25% in 1978, then decreased to 14.3% in 1981. The percentage for each funding source was as follows: government, 7.9%; industry, 2.0%; university, 3.3%; foundation, 2.0%; other, 1.0%; and none, 83.8%. This study demonstrates that there is a defined body of knowledge in emergency medicine, that emergency physicians author the majority of publications in this emergency medicine journal, and that emergency medicine is not supported by traditional funding sources. PMID:6731961

Podolsky, S M; Gold, I; Kuhn, M; Baraff, L J

1984-06-01

93

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

94

Conducting Research on the International Space Station Using the EXPRESS Rack Facilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Conducting Research on the International Space Station using the EXPRESS Rack Facilities. Sean W. Thompson and Robert E. Lake. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA. Eight "Expedite the Processing of Experiments to Space Station" (EXPRESS) Rack facilities are located within the International Space Station (ISS) laboratories to provide standard resources and interfaces for the simultaneous and independent operation of multiple experiments within each rack. Each EXPRESS Rack provides eight Middeck Locker Equivalent locations and two drawer locations for powered experiment equipment, also referred to as sub-rack payloads. Payload developers may provide their own structure to occupy the equivalent volume of one, two, or four lockers as a single unit. Resources provided for each location include power (28 Vdc, 0-500 W), command and data handling (Ethernet, RS-422, 5 Vdc discrete, +/- 5 Vdc analog), video (NTSC/RS 170A), and air cooling (0-200 W). Each rack also provides water cooling (500 W) for two locations, one vacuum exhaust interface, and one gaseous nitrogen interface. Standard interfacing cables and hoses are provided on-orbit. One laptop computer is provided with each rack to control the rack and to accommodate payload application software. Four of the racks are equipped with the Active Rack Isolation System to reduce vibration between the ISS and the rack. EXPRESS Racks are operated by the Payload Operations Integration Center at Marshall Space Flight Center and the sub-rack experiments are operated remotely by the investigating organization. Payload Integration Managers serve as a focal to assist organizations developing payloads for an EXPRESS Rack. NASA provides EXPRESS Rack simulator software for payload developers to checkout payload command and data handling at the development site before integrating the payload with the EXPRESS Functional Checkout Unit for an end-to-end test before flight. EXPRESS Racks began supporting investigations onboard ISS on April 24, 2001 and will continue through the life of the ISS.

Thompson, Sean W.; Lake, Robert E.

2013-01-01

95

Games as Learning Environments: Research stratElluminate Article ~ Strategies and issues  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER, is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these sessions, you must first download FREE software. Visit http://www.elluminate.com/support/ to download this software.

Jim Bizzocchi

2005-07-01

96

Comparing indicators of authorial stance in psychology students’ writing and published research article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the results of a pilot study examining the use of first-person pronouns, certain adjectives and grading adverbs in a corpus of 51 French psychology student papers written in English as a second language. These results were compared to a corpus of published psychology articles and to a sub-corpus of psychology student texts from the British Academic Written English corpus (BAWE. Strategic use of pairs of evaluative words was found in the students’ texts but not in the published texts. However, the variables of native language and level of field expertise cannot explain all of the variance observed. Future work will improve the validity of the findings by using larger corpora of student and published texts.

Robert Barr

2010-08-01

97

Do open access working papers attract more citations compared to printed journal articles from the same research unit?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents the results of an empirical case study of the characteristics of citations received by 10 open accessible non-peer reviewed working papers published by a prestigious multidisciplinary, but basically social science research institute, compared to 10 printed peer reviewed journal articles published in the same year (2004) by the same institute and predominantly by the same authors. The study analyzes the total amount of citations and citation impact observed in Web of Science (WoS) and Google Scholar (GS) received during the five-year period 2004-09 (February) by the two publication types, the citation distributions over the individual sample publications and observed years as well as over external, institutional and personal self-citations. The institute concerned is the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Copenhagen. The results demonstrate that the open access working papers publicly accessible through the DIIS e-archive became far less cited than the corresponding sample of DIIS journal articles published in printed form. However, highly cited working papers have higher impact than the average of the lower half of cited articles. Citation time series show identical distinct patterns for the articles in WoS and GS and working papers in GS, more than doubling the amount of citations received through the latter source.

Ingwersen, Peter; Elleby, Anita

2011-01-01

98

e-Research in the Social Sciences: The Possibilities and the Reality (A Review Article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to examine the current status as well as benefits and barriers to online research in the social sciences. With the rapid development of internet technology in the past decade, there has been growing interest in the application of on-line technologies to social science research. While there are a number of on-line sites for survey completion and centralized data sets for studying psychological, health, political and sociological issues, collaborative on-line research communities have not developed at the same pace as these other innovations. The few exploratory studies of e-research collaboration conducted to date suggest that while there are potential benefits, there are a number of social, ethical and professional barriers to its development in the social sciences. A recent curricular innovation, in which undergraduate students from different institutions work collaboratively on an on-line research project, suggests that with specific training, a number of these obstacles can be overcome. However, at this point, there appears to be more potential for collaborative online research than is being realized. Issues such as trust, ownership, and quality assurance will need to be addressed before collaborative on-line research in social science becomes a common practice.

H. Russell Searight

2011-03-01

99

e-Research in the Social Sciences: The Possibilities and the Reality (A Review Article)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this review is to examine the current status as well as benefits and barriers to online research in the social sciences. With the rapid development of internet technology in the past decade, there has been growing interest in the application of on-line technologies to social science research. While there are a number of on-line sites for survey completion and centralized data sets for studying psychological, health, political and sociological issues, collaborative on-line resea...

Russell Searight, H.; R Kirk Mauldin, Susan Ratwik

2011-01-01

100

Authoring Wikipedia Articles as an Information Literacy Assignment: Copy-Pasting or Expressing New Understanding in One's Own Words?  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: We report on a pilot study of students' use of sources in authoring Wikipedia articles. The procedure is demonstrated by investigating how students processed texts from sources to compose their own texts. Method: Four groups of upper secondary school students (aged 17-18 years) participated in an eight-week geography course and seven…

Sormunen, Eero; Lehtio, Leeni

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Suitability of commonly used housekeeping genes in gene expression studies for space radiation research  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on the effects of ionizing radiation exposure involves the use of real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) for measuring changes in gene expression. Several variables need to be controlled for gene expression analysis, such as different amounts of starting material between the samples, variations in enzymatic efficiencies of the reverse transcription step, and differences in RNA integrity. Normalization of the obtained data to an invariant endogenous control gene (reference gene) is the elementary step in relative quantification strategy. There is a strong correlation between the quality of the normalized data and the stability of the reference gene itself. This is especially relevant when the samples have been obtained after exposure to radiation qualities inducing different amounts and kinds of damage, leading to effects on cell cycle delays or even on cell cycle blocks. In order to determine suitable reference genes as internal controls in qRT-PCR assays after exposure to ionizing radiation, we studied the gene expression levels of nine commonly used reference genes which are constitutively expressed in A549 lung cancer cells. Expression levels obtained for ACTB, B2M, GAPDH, PBGD, 18S rRNA, G6PDH, HPRT, UBC, TFRC and SDHA were determined after exposure to 2 and 6 Gy X-radiation. Gene expression data for Growth arrest and damage-inducible gene 45 (GADD45?) and Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A/p21CIP1) were selected to elucidate the influence of normalization by using appropriate and inappropriate internal control genes. According to these results, we strongly recommend the use of a panel of reference genes instead of only one.

Arenz, A.; Stojicic, N.; Lau, P.; Hellweg, C. E.; Baumstark-Khan, C.

102

From Dissertation to Publication: Converting Doctoral Research into a Peer-Reviewed Journal Article  

Science.gov (United States)

"The Journal of Applied Research in the Community College" (JARCC) actively seeks scholarly submissions on community colleges that originate from doctoral dissertations. Understanding the scope and complexity of community and junior colleges nationally requires multiple vantage points. Newly minted doctorates and doctoral candidates can provide a…

Rodriquez-Kiino, Diane

2012-01-01

103

Suitability of Commonly Used Housekeeping Genes in Gene Expression Studies for Space Radiation Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on the effects of ionizing radiation exposure involves the use of real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction qRT-PCR for measuring changes in gene expression Several variables needs to be controlled for gene expression analysis -- different amounts of starting material between the samples variations in enzymatic efficiencies of the reverse transcription step and differences in RNA integrity Normalization of the obtained data to an invariant endogenous control gene reference gene is the elementary step in relative quantification strategy There is a strong correlation between the quality of the normalized data and the stability of the reference gene itself This is especially relevant when the samples have been obtained after exposure to radiation qualities inducing different amounts and kinds of damage leading to a cell cycle delay or even to a cell cycle block In order to determine suitable reference genes as internal controls in qRT-PCR assays after exposure to ionizing radiation we studied the gene expression levels of commonly used reference genes in A549 lung cancer cells Expression levels obtained for human beta actin ACTB human beta-2-microglobulin B2M human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase GAPDH human porphobilinogen deaminase PBGD human 18S ribosomal RNA 18S rRNA human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase G6PDH human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase HPRT human ubiquitin C UBC human transferrin TFRC

Arenz, A.; Hellweg, C. E.; Bogner, S.; Lau, P.; Baumstark-Khan, C.

104

[Research advances on ADAM28 expression and ADAM28-mediated tumor metastasis].  

Science.gov (United States)

A disintegrin-metalloproteinase 28 (ADAM28) is one of important members of ADAM family, that is involved in various biological events including cell adhesion, proteolysis, growth and metastasis of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. Studies have shown that ADAM28 is highly expressed in several human tumors, such as lung, breast and bladder cancers, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and its tissue expression levels correlate with cancer metastasis. ADAM28-mediated cancer cell metastasis may be related with the cleavage of von Willebrand's factor (vWF), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), as well as the promoting PSGL-1/P-selectin-mediated cell adhesion. This review summarizes the basic and translational aspects of ADAM28 biology that might stimulate the interest in ADAM28 research and discovery of novel ADAM28 targets, providing potential novel therapies for metastatic cancers. PMID:25130845

Zhu, Xiao-Lu; Wang, Qian-Ming; Feng, Fei-Er; Zheng, Xing-Long; Zhang, Xiao-Hui

2014-08-01

105

Contributions from Alfred Schütz’s phenomenological sociology for nursing research - review article  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Understanding the human being is a complex task, because it involves biological, psychological and social questions. Investigation of Cartesian procedure had suffered ruptures, mainly because of the criticism to objectivity, on dealing whit human questions. In the end of nineteen century, phenomenology is born as a philosophical-methodological option for research, in which Comprehensive Sociology, from Alfred Schütz, outstands. This study’s objective is discuss some of the possible contrib...

Diego Schaurich; Jacó Fernando Schneider; Cíntia Nasi; Marcio Wagner Camatta

2008-01-01

106

The History and Current Status of Otter Research within Canada based on Peer Reviewed Journal Articles  

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Full Text Available In Canada, there are two species of otters, the river otter (Lontra canadensis and the sea otter (Enhydra lutris. The river otter is considered to be plentiful and ranges throughout a large part of Canada. On the other hand, the sea otter is classified as of Special Concern and only small translocated colonies are found along the coastline of Vancouver Island and British Columbia. The scientific literature was reviewed with respect to both river and sea otter research performed within Canada since 1970 to evaluate the number and topics of research papers that had been published dealing with these otter species. Since 1970, 25 papers have been published, most of the research concentrating on contaminants (mercury, organochlorines in river otters (80%. There is only 1 scientific paper (1978 dealing with the sea otter (4%. Almost half of publications studying river otters were from or in combination from the province of Ontario (48%. Miscellaneous topics made up 16% of the publications. This paper reveals that in Canada very little scientific work has been published dealing with sea otters and that a huge number of the publications deal with river otters found within the province of Ontario. Thus since 1970, there has been a serious lack of research dealing with either otter species and that most of that work has had no structure or focus. It is hoped that government agencies, the scientific community, non government organizations, and interested groups can organize strategies and granting opportunities to increase the amount of scientific studies to further understand and protect future populations of these 2 species in Canada.

Luke Tan

2010-01-01

107

Archazolid and apicularen: Novel specific V-ATPase inhibitors; Research article  

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Background: V-ATPases constitute a ubiquitous family of heteromultimeric, proton translocating proteins. According to their localization in a multitude of eukaryotic membranes, they energize many different transport processes. Since their malfunction is correlated with various diseases in humans, the elucidation of the properties of this enzyme for the development of selective inhibitors and drugs is one of the challenges in V-ATPase research. Results: Archazolid A and B, two recently discove...

Huss, Markus; Sasse, Florenz; Kunze, Brigitte; Jansen, Rolf; Steinmetz, Heinrich; Ingenhorst, Gudrun; Zeeck, Axel; Wieczorek, Helmut

2005-01-01

108

Contributions from Alfred Schütz’s phenomenological sociology for nursing research - review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Understanding the human being is a complex task, because it involves biological, psychological and social questions. Investigation of Cartesian procedure had suffered ruptures, mainly because of the criticism to objectivity, on dealing whit human questions. In the end of nineteen century, phenomenology is born as a philosophical-methodological option for research, in which Comprehensive Sociology, from Alfred Schütz, outstands. This study’s objective is discuss some of the possible contributions from Schütz’s Phenomenological Sociology for nursing research. The main concepts boarded were intentionality, intersubjectivity, determined biographical situation, human actions, typification and social relation. Phenomenological research seeks the meanings that people attribute to their own experience, which are revealed with these people’s descriptions. Alfred Scütz’s phenomenological sociology aims the subjective meaning of the human actions, trying to establish the ideal type by typification. These concepts can be used as a theoretical-methodological base to investigate about things lived in the social world, mainly when it is about a social world in which nursing professionals are part of.

Marcio Wagner Camatta

2008-08-01

109

Contributions from Alfred Schütz’s phenomenological sociology for nursing research - review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Understanding the human being is a complex task, because it involves biological, psychological and social questions. Investigation of Cartesian procedure had suffered ruptures, mainly because of the criticism to objectivity, on dealing whit human questions. In the end of nineteen century, phenomenology is born as a philosophical-methodological option for research, in which Comprehensive Sociology, from Alfred Schütz, outstands. This study’s objective is discuss some of the possible contributions from Schütz’s Phenomenological Sociology for nursing research. The main concepts boarded were intentionality, intersubjectivity, determined biographical situation, human actions, typification and social relation. Phenomenological research seeks the meanings that people attribute to their own experience, which are revealed with these people’s descriptions. Alfred Scütz’s phenomenological sociology aims the subjective meaning of the human actions, trying to establish the ideal type by typification. These concepts can be used as a theoretical-methodological base to investigate about things lived in the social world, mainly when it is about a social world in which nursing professionals are part of.

Diego Schaurich

2008-04-01

110

Research article: Watershed management councils and scientific models: Using diffusion literature to explain adoption  

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Recent literature on the diffusion of innovations concentrates either specifically on public adoption of policy, where social or environmental conditions are the dependent variables for adoption, or on private adoption of an innovation, where emphasis is placed on the characteristics of the innovation itself. This article uses both the policy diffusion literature and the diffusion of innovation literature to assess watershed management councils' decisions to adopt, or not adopt, scientific models. Watershed management councils are a relevant case study because they possess both public and private attributes. We report on a survey of councils in the United States that was conducted to determine the criteria used when selecting scientific models for studying watershed conditions. We found that specific variables from each body of literature play a role in explaining the choice to adopt scientific models by these quasi-public organizations. The diffusion of innovation literature contributes to an understanding of how organizations select models by confirming the importance of a model's ability to provide better data. Variables from the policy diffusion literature showed that watershed management councils that employ consultants are more likely to use scientific models. We found a gap between those who create scientific models and those who use these models. We recommend shrinking this gap through more communication between these actors and advancing the need for developers to provide more technical assistance.

King, M.D.; Burkardt, N.; Clark, B.T.

2006-01-01

111

The Business Education Index 1996. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals Published during the Year 1996. Volume 57.  

Science.gov (United States)

This index, which was compiled from a selected list of 45 periodicals published in 1996, lists more than 2,000 business education articles and research studies. Articles are listed under the following subject categories and subcategories: basic business (accounting, consumer awareness, economics, entrepreneurship/small business, finance…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; Graves, Pat R., Ed.

112

EXPRESS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents EXPRESS, an expert system developed for the automation of reliability studies. The first part consists in the description of the method for static thermohydraulic systems. In this step, the authors define the knowledge representation based on the two inference engines - ALOUETTE and LCR developed by EDF. They explain all the process to construct a fault tree from a topological and functional description of the system. Numerous examples are exhibited in illustration of the method. This is followed by the lessons derived from the studies performed on some safety systems of the PALUEL nuclear plant. The development of the same approach for electric power systems is described, insisting on the difference resulting from the sequential nature of these systems. Finally, they show the main advantages identified during the studies

113

Crew interface analysis: Selected articles on space human factors research, 1987 - 1991  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of the Flight Crew Support Division at NASA, the Crew Interface Analysis Section is dedicated to the study of human factors in the manned space program. It assumes a specialized role that focuses on answering operational questions pertaining to NASA's Space Shuttle and Space Station Freedom Programs. One of the section's key contributions is to provide knowledge and information about human capabilities and limitations that promote optimal spacecraft and habitat design and use to enhance crew safety and productivity. The section provides human factors engineering for the ongoing missions as well as proposed missions that aim to put human settlements on the Moon and Mars. Research providing solutions to operational issues is the primary objective of the Crew Interface Analysis Section. The studies represent such subdisciplines as ergonomics, space habitability, man-computer interaction, and remote operator interaction.

Bagian, Tandi (compiler)

1993-01-01

114

Estudio diacrónico de la evaluación en las introducciones de artículos científicos de medicina / Diachronic study of evaluation on introductions of Medicine research articles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo se presenta un análisis diacrónico realizado en una muestra de artículos científicos del dominio de la medicina con el fin de determinar la variación en el tiempo de los recursos empleados para expresar la evaluación. Esta incluye, en un sentido amplio, la expresión de la actitud, e [...] l punto de vista o los sentimientos del hablante con respecto a las proposiciones o entidades de las que habla. La actitud se relaciona con la certeza, la obligación o cualquier sistema de valores. Incluye el afecto, el juicio y la apreciación, y los valores pueden ser positivos o negativos. A través del análisis de un corpus constituido por veinte artículos publicados en la revista Medicina (diez de 1940-1941 y diez de 2002-2003), determinamos que la ‘evaluación’ se lleva a cabo fundamentalmente por medio de recursos léxicos y, en particular, mediante cuantificadores. También poseen un rasgo evaluativo ciertos verbos, como ‘apreciar’ o ‘preferir’, y los verbos de medida, como ‘aumentar’ o ‘disminuir’, que indican una valoración vinculada al contexto. Entre ambos grupos de textos se observan diferencias en los esquemas de evaluación: en los de la primera etapa predominan las estructuras de obligación y la presencia del agente evaluador. Los de la segunda etapa, en cambio, muestran una menor evaluación explícita y baja presencia de los autores en el texto. Abstract in english This article reports a diachronic study carried out on a sample of medicine research articles in order to determine variations in evaluation resources. The attitude relates to certainty, obligation and other sets of values. It includes affect, judgement and appreciation and the evaluation can be pos [...] itive or negative. Based on the analysis of twenty research articles of a medical journal, Medicina, (ten from 1941-1942, and ten from 2002-2003) the analysis shows that lexical items, specially quantifiers, are typically used to evaluate. Verbs as ‘appreciate’, ‘prefer’, are evaluative, like ‘increase’, ‘reduce’, which express evaluation related to the context. We have observed differences between the texts of the first group and the texts of the second one. In particular, the first group shows an important number of verbs of obligation, as well as the presence of the agent, responsible of the evaluation. The second group of texts shows lesser explicit evaluation and display strategies for hiding the author of the text.

Laura, Ferrari; Susana, Gallardo.

115

Collaborative Work as an Alternative for Writing Research Articles / El trabajo colaborativo como alternativa para la escritura de artículos investigativos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Los escritos académicos en inglés, en nuestro contexto, representan un aspecto significativo que puede ser innovador cuando se usa un modelo de convergencia en las etapas de la escritura a través del trabajo colaborativo. En este artículo se presenta un estudio que buscó analizar cómo el trabajo col [...] aborativo se relaciona con los escritos académicos que desarrollan en inglés los estudiantes de pregrado de ingeniería electrónica de una universidad colombiana, que seguían etapas específicas de escritura. Para la recolección de la información se tuvieron en cuenta apuntes, escritos hechos por los estudiantes y entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Los resultados muestran que la escritura es viable si los estudiantes siguen las etapas y reciben retroalimentación por parte del profesor. Así mismo, el trabajo colaborativo permitió la escritura de artículos de investigación de una forma fácil y dinámica. Abstract in english Academic writing in English in our context is a significant aspect that can be innovative when a convergence model of writing stages is used along with collaborative work. This article reports on a study aimed at analyzing how collaborative work relates to undergraduate electronics students' academi [...] c writing development in English as a foreign language at a Colombian university, following some specific writing stages. Field notes, students' artifacts, and semi-structured interviews were the instruments used to gather information. The results showed that writing is achievable if students can follow stages and receive feedback from the teacher. Additionally, collaborative work allowed students to write research articles in an easy and dynamic way.

Nancy Emilce, Carvajal Medina; Eliana Edith, Roberto Flórez.

2014-06-01

116

Research on Logistics Value Chain Analysis and Competitiveness Construction for Express Enterprises  

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Through analyzing the value of the activities in the process of express delivery, the model of logistics value chain analysis (LVCA) of express enterprises is constructed. Using the model, the express enterprises can identify the key activities from the whole process of express delivery from senders to receivers, and those key activities constitute the logistics competitiveness of express enterprises. Then a model of logistics competitiveness is establ...

Xingjian Zhou

2013-01-01

117

ClinData Express--a metadata driven clinical research data management system for secondary use of clinical data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim to ease the secondary use of clinical data in clinical research, we introduce a metadata driven web-based clinical data management system named ClinData Express. ClinData Express is made up of two parts: 1) m-designer, a standalone software for metadata definition; 2) a web based data warehouse system for data management. With ClinData Express, what the researchers need to do is to define the metadata and data model in the m-designer. The web interface for data collection and specific database for data storage will be automatically generated. The standards used in the system and the data export modular make sure of the data reuse. The system has been tested on seven disease-data collection in Chinese and one form from dbGap. The flexibility of system makes its great potential usage in clinical research. The system is available at http://code.google.com/p/clindataexpress. PMID:23304327

Li, Zuofeng; Wen, Jingran; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wu, Chunxiao; Li, Zuogao; Liu, Lei

2012-01-01

118

Research on Logistics Value Chain Analysis and Competitiveness Construction for Express Enterprises  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Through analyzing the value of the activities in the process of express delivery, the model of logistics value chain analysis (LVCA of express enterprises is constructed. Using the model, the express enterprises can identify the key activities from the whole process of express delivery from senders to receivers, and those key activities constitute the logistics competitiveness of express enterprises. Then a model of logistics competitiveness is established, which includes four aspects: strategic location, network optimization, value-added services and performance measures. Those four aspects form the core logistics competitiveness for express enterprises.

Xingjian Zhou

2013-04-01

119

Heterogeneity research in muscle-invasive bladder cancer based on differential protein expression analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to study the expression profiles of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) cells of different risk groups and to explore the crucial role of biological pathway change in heterogeneity of MIBC cells. Thirty individual samples (cancer and non-cancerous specimens) were obtained from patients with MIBC. Laser capture microdissection was employed to harvest the homogeneous MIBC cells and normal urothelial cells. iTRAQ and 2D-LC-MS/MS were used to quantify and identify the differently expressed proteins. Then, the significantly changed proteins were further analyzed using Arraytrack ™ software. The interested proteins were compared with the published literatures to discuss the exact functions. A total of 3,073 non-redundant proteins were identified in this research; therefore, 855/2,210/633 (fold change >1.5 relative to normal group) presented in high-/median-/low-risk groups, respectively. 617/1,620/463 proteins with SWISS-ACC number output from Arraytrack ™ software and presented in high-/median-/low-risk groups, respectively. Pathway analysis revealed that the mainly changed pathways (top-10, p pathways. The mainly altered pathways in Metabolism category included glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, pentose phosphate, pyruvate metabolism pathway for high-risk group, and glutathione metabolism, citrate cycle, oxidative phosphorylation pathways for median-risk group. The major changed pathways for low-risk group included focal adhesion pathway and ECM-receptor interaction pathway. The changed biological pathways are closely related to the regulation of heterogeneity for MIBC. The KEGG pathways of Genetic information processing category and Metabolism (anaerobic or aerobic) category play a crucial role in determining the malignant phenotype of MIBC cells. The quantification analysis of proteins combining with the KEGG pathway analysis contributes to screening candidate biomarkers and guides the biological molecular therapy of MIBC. PMID:25085780

Liu, Peng Fei; Cao, Yan Wei; Jiang, Hai Ping; Wang, Yong Hua; Yang, Xue Cheng; Wang, Xin Sheng; Niu, Hai Tao

2014-09-01

120

A cross-disciplinary and cross-cultural study of directives in discussions and conclusions of research articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study provided cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary analyses of the distribution of directives in discussion and conclusion sections of English and Persian research articles (RAs in disciplines of physics, chemistry, counseling, and sociology, representing hard and soft sciences, respectively. To that aim, 80 RAs from both English and Persian journals between 2000 and 2012 were selected. The RAs were textually analyzed to determine the distribution of directives. Findings revealed a significant difference between Persian hard and soft science RAs in the employment of directives, with soft science writers employing directives more frequently in discussion and conclusion sections in comparison with hard science writers. However, no significant difference was found in the distribution of directives across discussion and conclusion sections of English soft and hard RAs. Moreover, findings did not show a significant difference across Persian and English RAs. Overall, results suggest that Persian and English academic writers tend to follow a similar generic and discursive trend in the employment of directives in their discussion and conclusion sections pointing to the universal nature of directives as persuasive strategies employed by academic writers in canonical branches of science. The findings of the present study might raise learners' awareness of the conventions and lexico-grammatical features of academic writing in Persian and/or English RAs.

Alireza Jalilifar

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

??????????????????????? The Status Quo of Library and Information Science Research in Taiwan: A Meta-Analysis of Journal Articles and Dissertations/Theses  

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Full Text Available ??????????????????20??1,746??????9??????????311????????????????????????????????8??????Excel?SPSS??????????????8????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????20?????5????????????????????????????????????????This research uses wiki platform to collect 1,746 articles from 20 Library and Information Science-related journals and 311 theses and/or dissertations from 9 universities. According to Library Information Science Research Areas Classification Scheme, these articles can be divided into eight areas and analyzed statistically by applying Excel and SPSS. The result shows that the collected articles are distributed evenly in these eight research areas. However, the total amount of articles is decreasing. The research focus of theses and dissertations have mainly been on “Services to user populations”, “information systems and retrieval”, and “Organization of information”. By using cluster analysis, 20 journals can be separated into five groups and the similarities of the journals within the same group are very high. From the distribution of topics of the journals, theses and dissertations, the status quo of Library and Information Science research can be understood.

James C. Ouyang

2006-06-01

122

Making a Difference in Research and Practice: A Commentary on "Consulting to Facilitate Planned Organizational Change in Schools," an Article by Joseph E. Zins and Robert J. Illback  

Science.gov (United States)

Zins and Illback observed in 1995 that planned organizational change processes were neglected in practice, training, and research. In the decade following publication of their article, implementation of processes and structures of planned organizational change increased dramatically. Schools and school districts continue to face increased…

Flaspohler, Paul D.

2007-01-01

123

A Contrastive Study on Transitional Markers in English Language Teaching Research Articles Written by English and Persian Academic Writers  

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Full Text Available The present study attempted to work on the distributions of the Transitional Markers in a corpus of thirty articles related to the discipline of English Language Teaching. All of the articles are written in English, fifteen by academic writers who are native speakers of English and the other fifteen by Persian academic writers. Using descriptive statistics, it was revealed that the Transitional Markers belonging to the categories of contrast and purpose were more used by native writers and Transitional Markers belonging to the category of comparison & similarity were used almost equally by both groups of writers. Transitional Markers belonging to the categories of addition, time, result, place, example and summary & emphasis were more used in the ELT articles written by Persian article writers. Moreover, using inferential statistics, it was indicated that a significant difference exist between the uses of the Transitional Markers in the two groups of the articles.

Mansooreh Elahi

2013-07-01

124

A Comparison Study on the Rhetorical Moves of Abstracts in Published Research Articles and Master’s Foreign-language Theses  

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The abstract of research papers is one of the first things that a reader will read to determine the value of the research. A well-written abstract will surely promote the text attached to it more effectively. By examining the rhetorical moves in the abstracts of Chinese Master’s English theses and published research articles in applied linguistics, this study compares the practices of student writers and expert writers in fulfilling the rhetorical goal of abstracts to shed light on the degr...

Hongwei Ren; Yuying Li

2011-01-01

125

Investigating Frequency and Distribution of Transition Markers in English and Persian Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Focusing on Their Introduction Sections  

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The pressure to produce work in English and to publish internationally has increased over recent years. However, a large number of non-native writers may be excluded from the web of global scholarship due to defective rhetorical organizations and discourse structures of their works. This study aimed to investigate frequency and distribution of transition markers (TMs) in introduction sections of applied linguistics research articles (RAs) written by native writers of English (NE), non- native...

Leila Bahrami

2012-01-01

126

How many orthopedic surgeons does it take to write a research article? 50 years of authorship proliferation in and internationalization of the orthopedic surgery literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Publications are considered to indicate academic achievement and can lead to various rewards, including job opportunities and research funding. Recent years have seen a rising trend in the number of articles published, multiple authorship, and internationalization of the biomedical literature. The goal of this study was to analyze the trends in authorship over the past 50 years to determine whether the orthopedic literature parallels trends seen in other areas of the biomedical literature. We performed an observational study with analysis of the number of authors and geographic origin of articles published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery British Volume (JBJS) and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (CORR). We analyzed 2776 articles (CORR, n=1809; JBJS, n=967) published between 1958 and 2008 at 10-year intervals. There has been a significant increase in the mean number of authors per article from 1.638 to 4.08 (P<.0001) and 1.633 to 4.540 (P<.0001) for CORR and JBJS, respectively between 1958 and 2008. There has been a significant increase in the international contribution to both journals (P<.0001). The number of countries contributing to articles increased from 5 to 39 and from 17 to 33 for CORR and JBJS, respectively. These findings are similar to other areas of the biomedical literature. The reasons for this proliferation are multifactorial, including multicenter trials and inappropriate authorship. Guidelines for authorship and preparation of manuscripts from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors or from individual journals are widely available, and every effort should be made to adhere to them to prevent inappropriate authorship proliferation in the future. PMID:20608632

Rahman, Luthfur; Muirhead-Allwood, Sarah K

2010-07-01

127

Research Resource: Comprehensive Expression Atlas of the Fibroblast Growth Factor System in Adult Mouse  

Science.gov (United States)

Although members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family and their receptors have well-established roles in embryogenesis, their contributions to adult physiology remain relatively unexplored. Here, we use real-time quantitative PCR to determine the mRNA expression patterns of all 22 FGFs, the seven principal FGF receptors (FGFRs), and the three members of the Klotho family of coreceptors in 39 different mouse tissues. Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis of the mRNA expression data reveals that most FGFs and FGFRs fall into two groups the expression of which is enriched in either the central nervous system or reproductive and gastrointestinal tissues. Interestingly, the FGFs that can act as endocrine hormones, including FGF15/19, FGF21, and FGF23, cluster in a third group that does not include any FGFRs, underscoring their roles in signaling between tissues. We further show that the most recently identified Klotho family member, Lactase-like, is highly and selectively expressed in brown adipose tissue and eye and can function as an additional coreceptor for FGF19. This FGF atlas provides an important resource for guiding future studies to elucidate the physiological functions of FGFs in adult animals. PMID:20667984

Fon Tacer, Klementina; Bookout, Angie L.; Ding, Xunshan; Kurosu, Hiroshi; John, George B.; Wang, Lei; Goetz, Regina; Mohammadi, Moosa; Kuro-o, Makoto; Mangelsdorf, David J.; Kliewer, Steven A.

2010-01-01

128

Genome-wide analysis of growth phase-dependent translational and transcriptional regulation in halophilic archaea : research article  

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Background Differential expression of genes can be regulated on many different levels. Most global studies of gene regulation concentrate on transcript level regulation, and very few global analyses of differential translational efficiencies exist. The studies have revealed that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Arabidopsis thaliana, and human cell lines translational regulation plays a significant role. Additional species have not been investigated yet. Particularly, until now no global study of ...

Lange, Christian; Zaigler, Alexander; Hammelmann, Mathias; Twellmeyer, Jens; Raddatz, Gu?nter; Schuster, Stephan C.; Oesterhelt, Dieter; Soppa, Jo?rg

2008-01-01

129

Descubriendo algunos problemas en la redacción de Artículos de Investigación Científica (AIC de alumnos de postgrado Discovering some problems in graduate students' composition of research articles  

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Full Text Available Hoy en día, la divulgación de la ciencia en la forma de Artículos de Investigación Científica (AIC en revistas indexadas ha dejado de ser una opción y se ha transformado en una necesidad para quien se inicia o ejerce la investigación. A pesar de ello, la formación de investigadores en Chile es reciente y quienes emprenden estudios de postgrado rara vez reciben instrucción formal en la escritura de AIC, menos aún en el conocimiento de los mecanismos de evaluación y de las potenciales revistas donde enviar sus trabajos. En este contexto, el objetivo de este artículo es describir y clasificar una serie de errores que se identifican en los AIC de un grupo de sujetos, estudiantes de postgrado de la Universidad de La Serena, que participaron en una intervención, cuyo propósito fue el aprendizaje de la producción de este género científico especializado. La intervención, en forma de talleres, consistió en 20 sesiones de tres horas cada una, espaciadas por un lapso de una semana. Durante su desarrollo, los sujetos escribieron, editaron en conjunto, y reescribieron las partes estructurales de un artículo de investigación. Los resultados muestran que los sujetos presentan dos grandes tipos de errores: uno asociados a problemas generales de la escritura y otro vinculados más específicamente con la escritura del género en cuestión.Nowadays, the dissemination of science by means of research articles in indexed journals is no longer an option, and it has turned into a necessity for those who are beginning or are devoted to research. However, researcher training in Chile is just beginning, and those who pursue graduate studies seldom receive formal instruction on the writing of scientific research articles (SRA, on a peer review system, or on the prospective journals to which they might submit their manuscripts. Considering the above, the objective of this article is to describe and classify a series of errors detected in the composition of SRAs written by a group of Universidad de La Serena graduate students who participated in an intervention, the purpose of which was to look at how they produce this specialized scientific genre. The intervention took place in 20 three-hour weekly workshop sessions, where the participants wrote, edited collectively, and re-wrote the structural parts of a research article. It was found that the participants' compositions contain general writing errors and genre-specific errors.

Omar Sabaj

2009-01-01

130

Expression of multidisciplinary flavor science: research highlights from the 12th Weurman Symposium.  

Science.gov (United States)

The 12th Weurman Flavour Research Symposium contributed 177 lectures and posters to the wealth of flavor knowledge; these were presented in eight sessions: biology, retention and release, psychophysics, quality, thermal generation, bioflavors, impact molecules, and analytics. Emerging topics were discussed in three workshops dealing with flavor and health, in vivo flavor research, and flavor metabolomics. It has been an excellent forum for passionate exchange of recent results obtained in traditional and emerging fields of flavor research. The symposium allowed coverage of the broad diversity of flavor-related topics: comprising odor and taste; applying targeted and holistic approaches; using sensorial, chemical, biological, physical, and chemometric techniques; as well as considering nutrition and health aspects. PMID:19817412

Blank, Imre; Wüst, Matthias; Yeretzian, Chahan

2009-11-11

131

Library and Information Science Research Areas: A Content Analysis of Articles from the Top 10 Journals 2007-8  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study seeks to describe and analyze journal research publications in the top 10 Library and Information Science journals from 2007-8. The paper presents a statistical descriptive analysis of authorship patterns (geographical distribution and affiliation) and keywords. Furthermore, it displays a thorough content analysis of keywords and…

Aharony, Noa

2012-01-01

132

Investigação em cancro gástrico: artigos publicados em revistas nacionais e internacionais por autores portugueses / Gastric cancer research: articles published in national and international journals by portuguese authors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: O cancro do estômago permanece um dos mais frequentes, especialmente nos países em desenvolvimento, pelo que poderá tornar-se numa doença negligenciada no que respeita aos esforços de investigação. O Japão apresenta das mais elevadas taxas de incidência em todo o mundo e contribui actual [...] mente para a maior parte das publicações científicas nesta área. Sendo Portugal um dos países com mais elevada frequência de cancro do estômago no mundo desenvolvido, o objectivo deste estudo foi caracterizar, quanto aos objectivos dos estudos e afiliação dos autores, as publicações sobre adenocarcinoma gástrico e/ou lesões pré-cancerosas do estômago publicadas por investigadores portugueses. Métodos: Pesquisámos as bases de dados MEDLINE® e Index de Revistas Médicas Portuguesas no período 19922003 e revimos os resumos dos artigos identificados. Excluíram-se os que não reportavam investigação original e os baseados exclusivamente no estudo de linhas celulares ou em experimentação animal. Obtivemos o número de citações dos artigos publicados em revistas internacionais através da Web of Science®. Resultados: Identificaram-se 88 artigos em revistas internacionais e 53 em revistas nacionais. Os artigos de pendor clínico são mais frequentemente publicados em revistas portuguesas e a investigação dos factores de risco e da etiologia nas publicações internacionais. A genética/epidemiologia molecular foi o assunto mais estudado nos artigos de revistas internacionais, na sua maioria abordando mecanismos/etiologia/factores de risco (n=55, 89%). A maior parte (81%) dos artigos publicados em revistas internacionais são de grupos de investigação do Porto, sendo também os mais citados (número mediano de citações até 2004 = 15). Conclusão: A publicação da investigação em cancro do estômago em revistas nacionais ou internacionais depende do objecto de estudo. A alta proporção de artigos no campo da genética contrasta com o reduzido número de publicações acerca do papel etiológico de exposições decorrentes dos estilos de vida. Abstract in english Background: Gastric cancer remains one of the most frequent worldwide, though it may become a neglected disease concerning the research efforts due to its lower frequency in the developed countries. Japan is responsible for most of the stomach cancer research all over the world, with an increasing t [...] rend in the study of genetic susceptibility and the use of molecular markers. Portugal, like Japan, presents one of the highest incidence and mortality rates in the developed world, and our aim was to characterize articles addressing gastric adenocarcinoma or the respective precancerous lesions published by Portuguese researchers, according to the study subjects and authors’ affiliation. Methods: MEDLINE® and Portuguese Medical Journals Index databases were searched within the period 1992-2003 and the abstracts of the identified articles were reviewed. We obtained the number of citations for articles published in international journals through the Web of Science®. Those not reporting original research and those based exclusively in the study of cell lines or animal experimentation, were excluded. Results: We identified 88 articles in international journals (70% addressed cancer mechanisms/etiology/risk factors) and 53 in national journals (87% reported therapy/clinical and pathological descriptions). Genetic/ molecular topics were the most studied in articles on cancer mechanisms/etiology/risk factors from international journals (n=55, 89%). Most articles (81%) published in international journals come from groups from Porto, and these were also the most cited (median number of citations until 2004 = 15). Conclusion: The study scope is a major determinant for publication of stomach cancer research by Portuguese authors in national or international journals. The high proportion of studies on genetics/molecular biology is in contrast with th

Nuno, Lunet; Rui, Carvalho; Henrique, Barros.

133

UNC and other researchers find that gene expression improves the definition of a breast cancer subtype  

Science.gov (United States)

A study conducted by the Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology in conjunction with the GEICAM cooperative group and other American and Canadian researchers, including UNC, has led to a change in the definition of hormone-sensitive breast tumors

134

Facial Expression Recognition Deficits and Faulty Learning: Implications for Theoretical Models and Clinical Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion is integral in social interaction. Although the importance of facial expression recognition is reflected in increased research interest as well as in popular culture, clinicians may know little about this topic. The purpose of this article is to discuss facial expression recognition literature…

Sheaffer, Beverly L.; Golden, Jeannie A.; Averett, Paige

2009-01-01

135

The communication problems of Spanish researchers to get research articles published in Applied Linguistics English-medium journals: proposal and analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper is a revised version of a three-hour seminar given in Spanish at the VIII Semana de la Ciencia en Madrid, Spain, 18 November 2008, under the title: ??Es el discurso cient??fico universal en su contenido y forma?. The purpose of this seminar was to introduce a non-specialised audience to a relatively new field of research within Applied Linguistics, known as Intercultural Rhetoric. This research field mainly seeks to describe and explain the communication problems encountered by wri...

Moreno, Ana I.

2012-01-01

136

Asperger’s Disorder and Nonverbal Learning Disability: Similarity Between Cognitive Profile and Memory Functions Research Article  

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Objective: Nonverbal learning disability (NVLD) is a condition associated with prominent nonverbal deficits such as reduced perceptual and spatial abilities, while the verbal abilities remain relatively intact. Some researchers have reported that there is a considerable overlap between cognitive and behavioral features of Asperger’s Disorder (AD) and NVLD. The present study aimed to assess the hypothesis of the presence of NVLD in AD using a neuropsychological battery, which primarily focu...

Ay?e K?l?nçaslan; Nahit Motavall? Mukaddes; Gökçe Sözen Küçükyaz?c?; Hakan Gürvit

2011-01-01

137

Genetic relationship and diversity in a sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) germplasm collection using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP); research article  

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Background: Sesame is an important oil crop in tropical and subtropical areas. Despite its nutritional value and historic and cultural importance, the research on sesame has been scarce, particularly as far as its genetic diversity is concerned. The aims of the present study were to clarify genetic relationships among 32 sesame accessions from the Venezuelan Germplasm Collection, which represents genotypes from five diversity centres (India, Africa, China-Korea-Japan, Central Asia and Western...

Laurentin, Herna?n E.; Karlovsky, Petr

2006-01-01

138

Producción de artículos latinoamericanos de investigación en enfermería indexados en Medline / The Production of Medline Indexed Articles on Nursing Research in Latin America  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el objetivo de evaluar la producción de artículos de enfermería provenientes de Latinoamérica publicados en revistas internacionales, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de artículos de enfermería en PubMed entre 1997 y 2006. Se encontraron 1.246 artículos latinoamericanos publicados en revist [...] as indexadas en Medline; el 46% (575/1.246) provenían de una Escuela o Departamento de Enfermería y el resto eran de otro origen. Brasil y México contribuyeron con el 76% de las publicaciones. Los tipos de artículos y prioridades incluyeron estudios observacionales y ensayos clínicos controlados (39%), salud pública (34%), cuidados de enfermería (14%) y recursos humanos (13%). El 44% de los artículos se publicaron en revistas de enfermería y el resto en otras revistas biomédicas. En conclusión, esta evaluación de la producción científica latinoamericana en enfermería, basada en la cantidad de artículos publicados en revistas indexadas en Medline, arrojó un producto que muestra fuertes diferencias entre los países de la región, con Brasil y México con el mayor número (76%) de las publicaciones. Abstract in english The objective of this work was to assess the production of articles on nursing research from Latin American countries published in international journals. A bibliographic search of nursing research articles was carried out in PubMed during the period 1997-2006. A total of 1246 articles from Latin Am [...] erican countries were published in Medline indexed journals; 46% (575/1246) came from a Nursing School or Department and the rest from other sources. Brazil and Mexico contributed with 76% of publications. Types of studies and priorities included observational and controlled clinical studies (39%), public health (34%), nursing care (14%) and human resources (13%). Forty four percent of articles were published in indexed nursing journals, and the rest in others biomedical journals. In conclusion, the scientific production on nursing from Latin America was assessed according to the number of publications indexed in Medline. This product shows strong differences among the countries, with Brazil and Mexico alone accounting for 76% of publications.

Raúl A., Borracci; María M., Rabhansl de Desmery.

139

Automatic Facial Expression Analysis A Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Automatic Facial Expression Recognition has been one of the latest research topic since1990’s.There have been recent advances in detecting face, facial expression recognition andclassification. There are multiple methods devised for facial feature extraction which helps in identifyingface and facial expressions. This paper surveys some of the published work since 2003 till date. Variousmethods are analysed to identify the Facial expression. The Paper also discusses about the facialparameterization using Facial Action Coding System(FACS action units and the methods whichrecognizes the action units parameters using facial expression data that are extracted. Various kinds offacial expressions are present in human face which can be identified based on their geometric features,appearance features and hybrid features . The two basic concepts of extracting features are based onfacial deformation and facial motion. This article also identifies the techniques based on thecharacteristics of expressions and classifies the suitable methods that can be implemented.

C.P. Sumathi

2013-01-01

140

The closterovirus-derived gene expression and RNA interference vectors as tools for research and plant biotechnology  

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Full Text Available Important progress in understanding replication, interactions with host plants, and evolution of closteroviruses enabled engineering of several vectors for gene expression and virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS. Due to the broad host range of closteroviruses, these vectors expanded vector applicability to include important woody plants such as citrus and grapevine. Furthermore, large closterovirus genomes offer genetic capacity and stability unrivaled by other plant viral vectors. These features provided immense opportunities for using closterovirus vectors for the functional genomics studies and pathogen control in economically valuable crops. This review briefly summarizes advances in closterovirus research during the last decade, explores the relationships between virus biology and vector design, and outlines the most promising directions for future application of closterovirus vectors.

ValerianV.Dolja

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
141

Investigating Frequency and Distribution of Transition Markers in English and Persian Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Focusing on Their Introduction Sections  

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Full Text Available The pressure to produce work in English and to publish internationally has increased over recent years. However, a large number of non-native writers may be excluded from the web of global scholarship due to defective rhetorical organizations and discourse structures of their works. This study aimed to investigate frequency and distribution of transition markers (TMs in introduction sections of applied linguistics research articles (RAs written by native writers of English (NE, non- native Persian writers of English (NNE, and native writers of Persian (NP. For this purpose, 45 RAs were functionally and manually analyzed and compared to find possible differences among their introduction sections in terms of frequency and distribution of TMs. The results showed that compared with English, Persian language makes more use of TMs. Moreover, it was revealed that NNE writers show a pattern of overuse of TMs when they write in English owing to the effects of their native language writing culture.

Leila Bahrami

2012-10-01

142

Gene Expression in Mammalian Cells and its Applications  

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Full Text Available The production of proteins in appropriate quantity and quality is an essential requirement of the present time. There appears to be a progressive increase in the application of mammalian cells for proteins production. Expression systems utilizing mammalian cells for recombinant proteins are able to introduce proper protein folding, post-translational modifications, and product assembly, which are important for complete biological activity. This review article is totally based on literature survey. In this article much emphasis has been done on the mammalian expression system. The author focused on different mammalian cell lines that express the gene. The different vector systems that transfer the gene into mammalian cells like plasmid based expression vectors, adenovirus vectors, vaccinia vectors, retroviral vector and baculovirus as vectors were explored. The processes for the transfer of gene into mammalian cells were also reviewed. Application and limitations of mammalian expression system were also focused. The purpose of research in writing this article is to create awareness in researchers, starting their career in gene expression related to mammalian cells. The principal result and major conclusion of this article is to make available the molecular technologies, expression system and applications of gene expression in mammalian cell lines.

Kishwar Hayat Khan

2013-08-01

143

EXPRESS--Examining Pediatric Resuscitation Education Using Simulation and Scripting. The birth of an international pediatric simulation research collaborative--from concept to reality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past decade, medical simulation has evolved into an essential component of pediatric resuscitation education and team training. Evidence to support its value as an adjunct to traditional methods of education is expanding; however, large multicenter studies are very rare. Simulation-based researchers currently face many challenges related to small sample sizes, poor generalizability, and paucity of clinically proven and relevant outcome measures. The Examining Pediatric Resuscitation Education Using Simulation and Scripting (EXPRESS) pediatric simulation research collaborative was formed in an attempt to directly address and overcome these challenges. The primary mission of the EXPRESS collaborative is to improve the delivery of medical care to critically ill children by answering important research questions pertaining to pediatric resuscitation and education and is focused on using simulation either as a key intervention of interest or as the outcome measurement tool. Going forward, the collaborative aims to expand its membership internationally and collectively identify pediatric resuscitation and simulation-based research priorities and use these to guide future projects. Ultimately, we hope that with innovative and high-quality research, the EXPRESS pediatric simulation research collaborative will help to build momentum for simulation-based research on an international level. PMID:21330848

Cheng, Adam; Hunt, Elizabeth A; Donoghue, Aaron; Nelson, Kristen; Leflore, Judy; Anderson, JoDee; Eppich, Walter; Simon, Robert; Rudolph, Jenny; Nadkarni, Vinay

2011-02-01

144

O letramento acadêmico em inglês: dificuldades na confecção da seção introdução de artigos acadêmicos / English academic literacy: difficulties in writing the introduction section of research articles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho discute as dificuldades de um pós-graduando da área de energia na confecção da introdução de um artigo acadêmico em inglês. Duas versões do texto foram analisadas (uma após a instrução e outra após a conferência com a instrutora), comparando-as com os modelos de introdução de Swales (2 [...] 004) e de Samraj (2002) ensinados no curso. O aluno apresentou os seguintes problemas: a narração como modo de organização retórica do texto, a ausência do movimento 2 dos modelos, uma escolha inadequada de léxico. A combinação desses elementos impediu que o texto apresentasse o valor cultural do gênero textual artigo acadêmico - a autopromoção. Os dados suscitam questionamentos sobre os limites da descrição empírica dos gêneros textuais e de seu ensino. Abstract in english This paper discusses the difficulties of a graduate student in the area of Energy in writing the introduction of a research paper in English. Two versions of the text (one after the instruction and another after the conference with the instructor) were compared with Swales' (2004) and Samraj' (2002) [...] models of introductions taught in the English academic writing course offered. The student revealed the following problems: narration as the rhetorical mode of organization of the text, the absence of Move 2 of the introduction, inappropriate choice of vocabulary. The combination of these factors prevented the article from having the cultural value of the academic article genre: self-promotion. The data raise questions about the limits of empirical description of genres and their teaching based on this kind of description.

Marília Mendes, Ferreira.

145

Pilot research of the expression of MMP-2 gene and survivin gene in primary esophageal cancer and subclinical microscopic tumor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

wo genes increased significantly along with tumor stage or tumor length, and there was statistical correlation between the length of tumor and the positive expression ranges of Survivin gene. Conclusions: Both MMP-2 gene and Survivin gene are positively expressed in esophageal cancerous peripheral tissue. The range positively expressing the two genes is < 70 mm in more than 96% of the samples, and the length is correlated with the tumor stage. More attention should be paid to the peripheral differentiated normal tissue with positive expression of MMP-2 gene and Survivin gene in esophageal squamous carcinoma. (authors)

146

Learning by Doing: An Action Research-Based Pedagogy  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines how a group of seven post-graduate students, enrolled in an action research course, improved the structure and the content of the course by helping make it truly participatory and hands on. Participants expressed to the instructor their desire to learn action research by doing it. Action research became the pedagogy as the…

Wamba, Nathalis; Murphy, Marilyn; Murray, Kerrie; Castellano, John; Jeanty, Yvette; Macoon, Bibi; Pedicini, Matthew; Wilson, Pamela

2007-01-01

147

@article {56524,  

@article {56524, title = {Analysis and Practices of Energy Benchmarking for Industry from the Perspective of Systems ...month = {06/2013}, pages = {32-44}, publisher = {Energy }, abstract = {pBenchmarking has been recognized to be an effective analysis methodology ...Industrial energy benchmarking is a process of evaluating energy performance of an individual industrial plant or

148

¿Explicitan los autores de la Revista Médica de Chile sus fuentes de financiamiento? / Disclosure of financial sources and conflicts of interest among research articles published in Revista Médica de Chile  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Financial relationships between the industry and researchers have raised concerns about the existence of conflicts of interest that could influence the scientific validity of the studies. Aim: To determine the financial sources of research articles published in the Revista Médica de Chil [...] e during a five-year period. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of all articles classified as “research articles”, published in this journal between years 2001-2005, identifying the funding source and the existence of a declaration of conflicts of interest by the authors. Results: Two hundred seventeen out of 519 research articles published in the period (42%) had an explicit financial source disclosed. Of these, 28% were funded by internal sources, 36% by Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico and 36% by other sources. Twenty-six studies (5%) received funding from the industry. In only five of these, the authors explicity declared the absence of conflict of interest. Among the studies that did not disclose any financial source, one third required some funding to be carried out. Conclusions: Forty two percent of research articles published in the last five years did not specify the financial source. Those that did specify a funding source were mainly supported by non-profit agencies including university centers and governmental funds. This is in contrast with international reports that evidence an important financial support from the industry. Only a minority of the authors sponsored by the industry declared absence of conflict of interest

William, Romero G; Sofía P, Salas.

2007-04-01

149

Too Few Articles in the Journal Literature on Instruction in Academic Libraries are Research?Based. A review of: Crawford, Gregory A., and Jessica Feldt. “An Analysis of the Literature on Instruction in Academic Libraries.” Reference & User Services Quarterly 46.3 (Spr. 2007: 77?87.  

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Full Text Available Objective – To discover which journals publish a preponderance of the literature on instruction in academic libraries, and to further learn what topics are discussed in the literature and what methods of inquiry are used to explore those topics.Design – Comparative analysis.Setting – The ERIC database.Subjects – Journal articles published between 1971 and 2002, found in the ERIC database via the descriptor ‘library instruction.’Methods – Journal articles published between 1971 and 2002 were searched in the ERIC database using the term ‘library instruction,’ because the term has been used by ERIC since the inception of the database. Article characteristics such as year of publication, journal in which a given article was published, and types of articles were identified. After normalizing the identification of article types by comparing individual codifications of a random sample of articles from the results list, the researchers coded all of the articles according to the articles’ main topics. These article topics were then condensed into broader topics (e.g. articles coded initially as addressing the topics of instruction to “graduate students” or “high school students” were condensed under the heading “instruction of specific populations”. Those articles deemed to have a research component were further analyzed in terms of research methodology, scope, and use of statistics. The questions guiding the authors? study consisted of:• In which journals are articles on instruction in academic libraries published?• What are the topics of the articles that have been published?• How has the literature of instruction in academic libraries changed over the years?• What is the nature of research [authors? emphasis] articles on instruction in academic libraries?• For research articles, what are the research methods used and what types of statistics are utilized? (77?78.Main results – The search found 791 articles appearing in 90 journals. However, only six journals were responsible for publishing 60% of the articles on the results list. Based on the categorization into topics or types,five article types – “general essays,” articles on “instruction for searching online catalogs and databases,” “articles on course? or assignment?related instruction,” “programmatic and management issues,”and “specific institution instruction” –accounted for 54% of the total articles; eleven other topics are represented in the remaining articles. Only 24.5% of the articles could be considered “research?based.” While nine types of research methods were used, 62.3% of the research?based articles relied on surveys or questionnaires. However, taking into account what could be an expected decline in interest for studying instruction for microforms, and an increased interest in studying instruction for the Internet, the types of articles published each year between 1971 and 2002 remained generally static.Conclusion – The authors conclude that, unsurprisingly, a select few journals are responsible for publishing the majority of articles on instruction in academic libraries, and note that these journals are “closely associated with academic librarianship and instruction” (85. The authors’ findings concerning the types of articles published over the course of the date range examined, although interesting, are equally unsurprising. What is surprising and alarming, is that only a quarter of all articles published are research-based. Furthermore, those articles that were found to be research-based did not often employ sophisticated research methods, preferring for example, the use of descriptive statistics over inferential statistics. Ideally, this article will spur the development and publication of more, and more rigorous, research?based scholarship in addition to pointing authors both to the journals most likely to publish their research and to the topics that have been historically (since 1971 underrepresented in the literature.

Kurt Blythe

2008-03-01

150

Use of Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes in Baculovirus Research and Recombinant Protein Expression: Current Trends and Future Perspectives  

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The baculovirus expression system is one of the most successful and widely used eukaryotic protein expression methods. This short review will summarise the role of bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACS) as an enabling technology for the modification of the virus genome. For many years baculovirus genomes have been maintained in E. coli as bacterial artificial chromosomes, and foreign genes have been inserted using a transposition-based system. However, with recent advances in molecular biolo...

Polly Roy; Rob Noad

2012-01-01

151

Research on Inhibitory Effect of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol on Vascular Endothelial Intercellular Adhesion Molecular-1 (ICAM-1) mRNA Abnormal Expression  

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The study held a research on the anti-oxidative damage effect and mechanism of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol from gene level. Method: it tested the influence of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol to human umbilical veins blood vessel endothelial cell strain (CRL-1730) ICAM-1 mRNA cellular expression caused by oxidative damage with RT-PCR method. Result: the experimental result indicated that the luminance and area values of electrophoretic band of 4, 5, and 6 with different doses of Momord...

Xuezheng Huang; Miaochao Chen; Peilong Xu

2013-01-01

152

Protective articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This patent specification describes an article affording protection against radiation, and especially against X-rays comprising at least one flexible layer of lead filled material in an envelope of, or sandwiched between two layers of a knitted, woven or non-woven fabric preferably of synthetic fibrous material, carrying on its outer surface a coating of flexible polyurethane. The outer fabric provides a resilient, extremely tough and cut resistant covering for the relatively soft lead filled material. (author)

153

Research Quality and Newsworthiness of Published Articles are Partial Predictors of Journal Impact Factors. A Review of: Lokker, C., Haynes, R. B., Chu, R., McKibbon, K. A., Wilczynski, N. L., & Walter, S. D. (2012). How well are journal and clinical article characteristics associated with the journal impact factor?A retrospective cohort study. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1), 28-33. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.100.1.006  

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Objective – Determine what characteristics ofa journal’s published articles can be used topredict the journal impact factor (JIF).Design – A retrospective cohort study.Setting – The researchers are located atMcMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario,Canada.Subjects – The sample consisted of 1,267clinical research articles from 103 evidencebased and clinical journals which werepublished in 2005 and indexed in theMcMaster University Premium Literat...

Jason Martin

2012-01-01

154

Commentary: Gene-Environment Interplay in the Context of Genetics, Epigenetics, and Gene Expression.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To comment on the article in this issue of the Journal by Professor Michael Rutter, "Environmentally Mediated Risks for Psychopathology: Research Strategies and Findings," in the context of current research findings on gene-environment interaction, epigenetics, and gene expression. Method: Animal and human studies are reviewed that…

Kramer, Douglas A.

2005-01-01

155

LOS MODOS DE EXISTENCIA DE LA ESTRATEGIA DE SEMILLEROS EN COLOMBIA COMO EXPRESIONES DE LA COMPRENSIÓN DE LA RELACIÓN ENTRE INVESTIGACIÓN FORMATIVA Y LA INVESTIGACIÓN EN SENTIDO ESTRICTO. MÚLTIPLES LECTURAS, DIVERSAS PRÁCTICAS / MODES OF EXISTENCE OF THE STRATEGY OF RESEARCH HOTBEDS IN COLOMBIA AS EXPRESSIONS OF THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FORMATIVE RESEARCH AND RESEARCH IN A STRICT SENSE OF THE TERM: MULTIPLE INTERPRETATIONS AND DIVERSE PRACTICES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo es resultado del proyecto de investigación "Trayectoria e impacto de la estrategia semilleros de investigación de la Universidad de Antioquia para la universidad y en el contexto local y nacional". En particular, se analiza la relación entre dos conceptos que se han incorporado en el d [...] iscurso de la formación en investigación en todas las universidades colombianas como lo son el concepto de Investigación Formativa y de Investigación en sentido estricto. Los resultados reflejan la coexistencia de una multiplicidad de enfoques teórico-metodológicos en los que se expresan esas relaciones que finalmente terminan por determinar las estrategias bajo las cuales se forma en investigación actualmente en Colombia y en particular las dinámicas de los semilleros de investigación en la actualidad; concluyendo que hace falta un debate profundo sobre las condiciones pedagógicas para la formación de un investigador, tarea pendiente para una comunidad académica que en algunos casos ha recibido acríticamente los documentos de política nacional. Abstract in english This article is the result of the research project entitled "Path and impact of the strategy of research hotbeds at University of Antioquia, for the University and the local and national context." In particular, it examines the relationship between two concepts that have been incorporated into the s [...] peech in research training of all Colombian universities: Formative research and Research in the strict sense of the term. The results reflect the coexistence of a multiplicity of theoretical-methodological approaches in which those relationships are expressed, which in the long run, end up by identifying the strategies under which researchers are currently being trained in Colombia. It can be concluded that it is necessary a deep debate about the pedagogical conditions for the training of researchers. It is a pending task for an academic community, which in some cases, has uncritically received the documents of national policy.

Rosa María, Bolívar Osorio.

156

Análise linguístico-discursiva do genero introdução de artigo de pesquisa (para fins específicos: Teste ANPAD A linguistic-discursive analysis of the genre research article introduction (to specific purposes: ANPAD Test  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo é um recorte de um estudo que analisou o gênero textual `introdução de artigo de pesquisa' sob a ótica retórico-discursiva. Os princípios teórico-metodológicos que orientaram esta pesquisa foram: inglês instrumental, leitura e gêneros textuais. A pesquisa realizada é de natureza descritiva focalizada (LARSEN-FREEMAN; LONG, 1991, e o corpus utilizado é formado por introduções de artigo de pesquisa da prova de inglês do teste ANPAD. Neste artigo, será apresentada uma análise linguístico-discursiva das introduções desse corpus. Os resultados mostraram que as evidências linguísticas nem sempre correspondem a um determinado movimento retórico (SWALES, 1990 presente nos textos das introduções analisadas. O estudo teve finalidade pedagógica, pois evidenciou os marcadores linguísticos e as estruturas verbais que realmente ocorrem nesse gênero.This article is part of a study which analyzed the textual genre `research article introduction' from the perspective of rhetorical-discursive analysis. The theoretical-methodological principles which guided this research were: English for specific purposes, reading and textual genre. This research was a focused description (LARSEN-FREEMAN; LONG, 1991, and the corpususedwas composed by research article introductions from the ANPAD English test (ANPAD is a test for postgraduate courses. This article presents the linguistic-discursive analysis of the introductions that comprise the corpusused in the studyof the original study. The results showed that the linguistic evidence not always corresponded to a specific rhetorical movement (SWALES, 1990 in the introductions. The study had a pedagogical purpose because it highlighted the linguistic marks and the verbal structures that really occur in this genre.

Juliana Guimarães Rodrigues Coelho

2011-01-01

157

End points and trial design in geriatric oncology research: a joint European organisation for research and treatment of cancer--Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology--International Society Of Geriatric Oncology position article.  

Science.gov (United States)

Selecting the most appropriate end points for clinical trials is important to assess the value of new treatment strategies. Well-established end points for clinical research exist in oncology but may not be as relevant to the older cancer population because of competing risks of death and potentially increased impact of therapy on global functioning and quality of life. This article discusses specific clinical end points and their advantages and disadvantages for older individuals. Randomized or single-arm phase II trials can provide insight into the range of efficacy and toxicity in older populations but ideally need to be confirmed in phase III trials, which are unfortunately often hindered by the severe heterogeneity of the older cancer population, difficulties with selection bias depending on inclusion criteria, physician perception, and barriers in willingness to participate. All clinical trials in oncology should be without an upper age limit to allow entry of eligible older adults. In settings where so-called standard therapy is not feasible, specific trials for older patients with cancer might be required, integrating meaningful measures of outcome. Not all questions can be answered in randomized clinical trials, and large observational cohort studies or registries within the community setting should be established (preferably in parallel to randomized trials) so that treatment patterns across different settings can be compared with impact on outcome. Obligatory integration of a comparable form of geriatric assessment is recommended in future studies, and regulatory organizations such as the European Medicines Agency and US Food and Drug Administration should require adequate collection of data on efficacy and toxicity of new drugs in fit and frail elderly subpopulations. PMID:24019549

Wildiers, Hans; Mauer, Murielle; Pallis, Athanasios; Hurria, Arti; Mohile, Supriya G; Luciani, Andrea; Curigliano, Giuseppe; Extermann, Martine; Lichtman, Stuart M; Ballman, Karla; Cohen, Harvey Jay; Muss, Hyman; Wedding, Ulrich

2013-10-10

158

Índice-H dos artigos citantes: uma contribuição para a avaliação da produção científica de pesquisadores experientes / Index of articles H-citing: a contribution to the evaluation of scientific production of experienced researchers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Há um crescente interesse e necessidade em avaliar a qualidade da produção científica dos pesquisadores. Para tal, as métricas mais importantes são: número de citações, número médio de citações por artigo indexado e o índice-H. Contudo, essas métricas apresentam limitações na avaliação d [...] o potencial de impacto das publicações de um pesquisador, especialmente dentre aqueles mais produtivos. OBJETIVO: Propor e demonstrar a utilização de uma nova métrica científica - índice-H dos artigos citantes, que permite refinar a discriminação do impacto das publicações de pesquisadores experientes sobre o conhecimento existente em sua área. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados dados da Web of Science de 13 dentre os pesquisadores doutores brasileiros mais produtivos na área de exercício físico e esporte, incluindo: número de artigos publicados, número de citações, número médio de citações por artigos, índice-H e o índice-H dos artigos citantes, ou seja, o índice-H obtido a partir da ordenação decrescente dos artigos que citaram artigos publicados pelo pesquisador. Dados de quatro outros pesquisadores - brasileiros e estrangeiros - foram usados como marcos de referência para comparações. RESULTADOS: Os índice-H do pesquisador e o dos artigos citantes são associados (r = 0,92; p > 0,01), porém, quando são analisados os seis pesquisadores mais produtivos, com índices-H acima de 7, a associação entre os dois índices-H desaparece (r = 0,35; p = 0,49). CONCLUSÃO: O índice-H dos artigos citantes pode contribuir para diferenciar a produção científica de pesquisadores com um grande número de artigos publicados. Sugere-se a adoção de sua mensuração pelas agências brasileiras e estrangeiras de fomento e de avaliação da produção científica. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: there has been an increasing interest and need in evaluating the quality of scientific papers written by researchers. Therefore, the most important measurements used are the number of citations, the average number of citations per article published in indexed journals and the H-index. Th [...] ose bibliometric indicators present, however, limitations when assessing the potential impact of the publications of a given researcher, particularly among the most productive ones. OBJECTIVE: To propose and to demonstrate the use of a new scienciometric strategy - the H-index of the citing articles-, that allow to better discriminate the impact of a given researcher to the body of knowledge in the respective research area. METHODS: Research data - Web of Science - from 13 of the most productive Brazilian PhD researchers in the field of exercise and sport sciences were analyzed, including: number of publications, number of citations, average number of citations per article, H-index and the proposed H-index of citing articles (the H-index extracted from the ranking of articles that cited the papers published by a given researcher). Data from four other researchers - Brazilian and foreign - were used as reference for comparisons. RESULTS: The researcher's H-index and the H-index of the citing articles were associated (r=.92; p>.01). However, when the six most productive authors were analyzed with H-index above 7, the association between the two indexes disappears (r=.35; p=.49). CONCLUSIONS: The H-index of the citing articles can be useful to discriminate the scientific production of authors with a high number of published papers. It is suggested that this algorithm should be adopted by Brazilian and foreign financing and scientific production evaluation agencies.

Claudio Gil Soares de, Araújo; Aline, Sardinha.

2011-10-01

159

Índice-H dos artigos citantes: uma contribuição para a avaliação da produção científica de pesquisadores experientes Index of articles H-citing: a contribution to the evaluation of scientific production of experienced researchers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Há um crescente interesse e necessidade em avaliar a qualidade da produção científica dos pesquisadores. Para tal, as métricas mais importantes são: número de citações, número médio de citações por artigo indexado e o índice-H. Contudo, essas métricas apresentam limitações na avaliação do potencial de impacto das publicações de um pesquisador, especialmente dentre aqueles mais produtivos. OBJETIVO: Propor e demonstrar a utilização de uma nova métrica científica - índice-H dos artigos citantes, que permite refinar a discriminação do impacto das publicações de pesquisadores experientes sobre o conhecimento existente em sua área. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados dados da Web of Science de 13 dentre os pesquisadores doutores brasileiros mais produtivos na área de exercício físico e esporte, incluindo: número de artigos publicados, número de citações, número médio de citações por artigos, índice-H e o índice-H dos artigos citantes, ou seja, o índice-H obtido a partir da ordenação decrescente dos artigos que citaram artigos publicados pelo pesquisador. Dados de quatro outros pesquisadores - brasileiros e estrangeiros - foram usados como marcos de referência para comparações. RESULTADOS: Os índice-H do pesquisador e o dos artigos citantes são associados (r = 0,92; p > 0,01, porém, quando são analisados os seis pesquisadores mais produtivos, com índices-H acima de 7, a associação entre os dois índices-H desaparece (r = 0,35; p = 0,49. CONCLUSÃO: O índice-H dos artigos citantes pode contribuir para diferenciar a produção científica de pesquisadores com um grande número de artigos publicados. Sugere-se a adoção de sua mensuração pelas agências brasileiras e estrangeiras de fomento e de avaliação da produção científica.BACKGROUND: there has been an increasing interest and need in evaluating the quality of scientific papers written by researchers. Therefore, the most important measurements used are the number of citations, the average number of citations per article published in indexed journals and the H-index. Those bibliometric indicators present, however, limitations when assessing the potential impact of the publications of a given researcher, particularly among the most productive ones. OBJECTIVE: To propose and to demonstrate the use of a new scienciometric strategy - the H-index of the citing articles-, that allow to better discriminate the impact of a given researcher to the body of knowledge in the respective research area. METHODS: Research data - Web of Science - from 13 of the most productive Brazilian PhD researchers in the field of exercise and sport sciences were analyzed, including: number of publications, number of citations, average number of citations per article, H-index and the proposed H-index of citing articles (the H-index extracted from the ranking of articles that cited the papers published by a given researcher. Data from four other researchers - Brazilian and foreign - were used as reference for comparisons. RESULTS: The researcher's H-index and the H-index of the citing articles were associated (r=.92; p>.01. However, when the six most productive authors were analyzed with H-index above 7, the association between the two indexes disappears (r=.35; p=.49. CONCLUSIONS: The H-index of the citing articles can be useful to discriminate the scientific production of authors with a high number of published papers. It is suggested that this algorithm should be adopted by Brazilian and foreign financing and scientific production evaluation agencies.

Claudio Gil Soares de Araújo

2011-10-01

160

Índice-H dos artigos citantes: uma contribuição para a avaliação da produção científica de pesquisadores experientes / Index of articles H-citing: a contribution to the evaluation of scientific production of experienced researchers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Há um crescente interesse e necessidade em avaliar a qualidade da produção científica dos pesquisadores. Para tal, as métricas mais importantes são: número de citações, número médio de citações por artigo indexado e o índice-H. Contudo, essas métricas apresentam limitações na avaliação d [...] o potencial de impacto das publicações de um pesquisador, especialmente dentre aqueles mais produtivos. OBJETIVO: Propor e demonstrar a utilização de uma nova métrica científica - índice-H dos artigos citantes, que permite refinar a discriminação do impacto das publicações de pesquisadores experientes sobre o conhecimento existente em sua área. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados dados da Web of Science de 13 dentre os pesquisadores doutores brasileiros mais produtivos na área de exercício físico e esporte, incluindo: número de artigos publicados, número de citações, número médio de citações por artigos, índice-H e o índice-H dos artigos citantes, ou seja, o índice-H obtido a partir da ordenação decrescente dos artigos que citaram artigos publicados pelo pesquisador. Dados de quatro outros pesquisadores - brasileiros e estrangeiros - foram usados como marcos de referência para comparações. RESULTADOS: Os índice-H do pesquisador e o dos artigos citantes são associados (r = 0,92; p > 0,01), porém, quando são analisados os seis pesquisadores mais produtivos, com índices-H acima de 7, a associação entre os dois índices-H desaparece (r = 0,35; p = 0,49). CONCLUSÃO: O índice-H dos artigos citantes pode contribuir para diferenciar a produção científica de pesquisadores com um grande número de artigos publicados. Sugere-se a adoção de sua mensuração pelas agências brasileiras e estrangeiras de fomento e de avaliação da produção científica. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: there has been an increasing interest and need in evaluating the quality of scientific papers written by researchers. Therefore, the most important measurements used are the number of citations, the average number of citations per article published in indexed journals and the H-index. Th [...] ose bibliometric indicators present, however, limitations when assessing the potential impact of the publications of a given researcher, particularly among the most productive ones. OBJECTIVE: To propose and to demonstrate the use of a new scienciometric strategy - the H-index of the citing articles-, that allow to better discriminate the impact of a given researcher to the body of knowledge in the respective research area. METHODS: Research data - Web of Science - from 13 of the most productive Brazilian PhD researchers in the field of exercise and sport sciences were analyzed, including: number of publications, number of citations, average number of citations per article, H-index and the proposed H-index of citing articles (the H-index extracted from the ranking of articles that cited the papers published by a given researcher). Data from four other researchers - Brazilian and foreign - were used as reference for comparisons. RESULTS: The researcher's H-index and the H-index of the citing articles were associated (r=.92; p>.01). However, when the six most productive authors were analyzed with H-index above 7, the association between the two indexes disappears (r=.35; p=.49). CONCLUSIONS: The H-index of the citing articles can be useful to discriminate the scientific production of authors with a high number of published papers. It is suggested that this algorithm should be adopted by Brazilian and foreign financing and scientific production evaluation agencies.

Claudio Gil Soares de, Araújo; Aline, Sardinha.

 
 
 
 
161

QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH IN FINANCE: AN ANALYSIS OF STATISTICS TECHNIQUES USED BY ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN QUALIFIED SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS FROM 2007 TO 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to examine whether there are differences, in terms of sophistication and accuracy, in statistical techniques used by finance articles published in journals classified by CAPES, from 2007 to 2009. The sample consisted of 100 articles from 40 journals, national and international, inserted between strata A1 and B5. We used descriptive statistics in order to characterize the sample, and the chi-square test of independence, by means of which was examined the degree of independence between variables. The results suggest that the higher the classification level of the stratum, the greater the sophistication of statistical techniques employed in the articles. However, regarding the accuracy in applying the techniques, there were no significant differences between one stratum and another. Most of the articles analyzed (57% not validated or partially validated the assumptions required for their use. Thus, it was realized that there was not proper concern with this aspect, even in well qualified strata. We emphasize that the results are restricted to the sample used. We recommend that future studies use large samples, including other means of publication, like events, both in finance as in other areas of knowledge.

Rebeca Albuquerque Cordeiro

2014-07-01

162

Insect Behavior: Student Review Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

Colorado State University entomology professor Dr. Louis Bjostad provides this interesting resource of review articles on insect behavior. Each review article was written by a student as part of a graduate level course held in Spring 1999; review articles consist of a three to six paragraph summary of research, followed by a dozen or more recent references. Titles include "Communal Roosting in Insects" and "Behavioral Aspects of Biological Control of Spider Mites," among dozens of others. For those interested in reading summaries of (and finding references to) recent scientific articles on insect behavior, this is an excellent starting place.

163

The closterovirus-derived gene expression and RNA interference vectors as tools for research and plant biotechnology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Important progress in understanding replication, interactions with host plants, and evolution of closteroviruses enabled engineering of several vectors for gene expression and virus-induced gene silencing. Due to the broad host range of closteroviruses, these vectors expanded vector applicability to include important woody plants such as citrus and grapevine. Furthermore, large closterovirus genomes offer genetic capacity and stability unrivaled by other plant viral vectors. These features pr...

Dolja, Valerian V.; Koonin, Eugene V.

2013-01-01

164

Endogenous expression of ASLV viral proteins in specific pathogen free chicken embryos: relevance for the developmental biology research field  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The use of Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) eggs in combination with RCAS retrovirus, a member of the Avian Sarcoma-Leukosis Virus (ASLV) family, is of standard practice to study gene function and development. SPF eggs are certified free of infection by specific pathogen viruses of either exogenous or endogenous origin, including those belonging to the ASLV family. Based on this, SPF embryos are considered to be free of ASLV viral protein expression, and conse...

Valeria, Canto-soler M.; Wahlin Karl J; McNally Minda M

2010-01-01

165

"Writing My First Academic Article Feels Like Dancing around Naked": Research Development for Higher Education Lecturers Working in Further Education Colleges  

Science.gov (United States)

Growing emphasis on research output has spawned initiatives to enhance writing practices, often targeted at groups less familiar with academic research practices. This paper discusses a collaborative writing group project for higher education lecturers working in further education colleges. Participants had previously undertaken funded pedagogic…

Turner, Rebecca; Brown, Tony; Edwards-Jones, Andrew

2014-01-01

166

Original research articles on the cardiopulmonary system recently appeared in Brazilian clinical and surgical journals / Artigos originais sobre o sistema cardiopulmonar publicados recentemente em periódicos Brasileiros clínicos e cirúrgicos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Nos últimos anos, houve um aumento considerável na qualidade dos artigos científicos publicados em periódicos médicos brasileiros. As razões para tal incremento são muitas, incluindo a iniciativa de open access da base SciELO, a adoção do inglês por vários periódicos e, a mais relevante, o aumento e [...] m número e qualidade dos pesquisadores brasileiros. Este artigo indica os melhores artigos sobre os sistemas cardiovascular e respiratório publicados recentemente nesses periódicos. Será oferecido ao leitor um panorama dessas áreas e alguns artigos podem ser selecionados para maiores informações. Abstract in english In the last few years, a huge increment in the quality of scientific articles published in Brazilian Medical Journals has been observed. Several reasons were related to this feature including the SciELO free access initiative, the English language adopted by most journals, and, more importantly, the [...] increase in the number and quality of Brazilian researchers. This article highlights, in the cardiovascular and respiratory areas, the best articles that have been published in these journals in the last few months. The reader will have a general overview of these areas and can select the original articles for deeper information.

Kavita Kirankumar, Patel; Bruno, Caramelli; Maurício Rocha e, Silva.

167

Original research articles on the cardiopulmonary system recently appeared in Brazilian clinical and surgical journals Artigos originais sobre o sistema cardiopulmonar publicados recentemente em periódicos Brasileiros clínicos e cirúrgicos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the last few years, a huge increment in the quality of scientific articles published in Brazilian Medical Journals has been observed. Several reasons were related to this feature including the SciELO free access initiative, the English language adopted by most journals, and, more importantly, the increase in the number and quality of Brazilian researchers. This article highlights, in the cardiovascular and respiratory areas, the best articles that have been published in these journals in the last few months. The reader will have a general overview of these areas and can select the original articles for deeper information.Nos últimos anos, houve um aumento considerável na qualidade dos artigos científicos publicados em periódicos médicos brasileiros. As razões para tal incremento são muitas, incluindo a iniciativa de open access da base SciELO, a adoção do inglês por vários periódicos e, a mais relevante, o aumento em número e qualidade dos pesquisadores brasileiros. Este artigo indica os melhores artigos sobre os sistemas cardiovascular e respiratório publicados recentemente nesses periódicos. Será oferecido ao leitor um panorama dessas áreas e alguns artigos podem ser selecionados para maiores informações.

Kavita Kirankumar Patel

2011-12-01

168

Research Quality and Newsworthiness of Published Articles are Partial Predictors of Journal Impact Factors. A Review of: Lokker, C., Haynes, R. B., Chu, R., McKibbon, K. A., Wilczynski, N. L., & Walter, S. D. (2012. How well are journal and clinical article characteristics associated with the journal impact factor?A retrospective cohort study. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1, 28-33. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.100.1.006  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – Determine what characteristics ofa journal’s published articles can be used topredict the journal impact factor (JIF.Design – A retrospective cohort study.Setting – The researchers are located atMcMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario,Canada.Subjects – The sample consisted of 1,267clinical research articles from 103 evidencebased and clinical journals which werepublished in 2005 and indexed in theMcMaster University Premium LiteratUreService (PLUS database and those samejournals’ JIF from 2007.Method – The articles were divided 60:40 intoa derivation set (760 articles and 99 journalsand a validation set (507 articles and 88journals. Ten variables which could influenceJIF were developed and a multiple linearregression was run on the derivation set andthen applied to the validation set.Main Results – The four variables found to besignificant were the number of databaseswhich indexed the journal, the number ofauthors, the quality of research, and the“newsworthiness” of the journal’s publishedarticles. Conclusion – The quality of research and newsworthiness at time of publication of a journal’s articles can predict the journal impact factor with 60% accuracy.

Jason Martin

2012-09-01

169

RELATIONSHIP MARKETING RESEARCH TAILORED TO SUPPORT SALES MANAGEMENT. CASE STUDY: AN INTERNATIONAL EXPRESS LOGISTICS COMPANY IN ROMANIA  

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Full Text Available Within current economy context, complexities and particularities most companies are constantly seeking to maximize effectiveness and efficiency of their business. As sales force represents for most organizations their “spearheds”and direct contact with the market, its management can be a source for customer satisfaction and overall efficiency. Relationship marketing research with all its particularities and dimensions, if tailored appropriately can explicitly pinpoint major sources of customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Focus of contemporary relationship marketing is the customer viewed across lifetime as a profit source and partner rather than on short term for singular transactions. Research findings help the organization better manage its sales force and generate customer satisfaction, retention and loyalty and maximize profits while achieving superior efficiency.

Fotea Ioan Stefan

2010-07-01

170

Research Summaries  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents summaries of recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized provides a review of research documenting that even when children are not physically proximal to a national disaster (9/11), they may still have negative reactions. The second article summarized is an examination of the PTSD diagnostic criterion…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Bratica, Robyn; Dempsey, Jack R.; Karle, Jessica

2009-01-01

171

Etudes de brûleurs adaptés au fonctionnement à faible excès d'air. Première partie Research on Burners Adapted to Operate with Low Air Express. Part One  

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Full Text Available Cet article constitue la synthèse des résultats acquis dans le cadre de la recherche coopérative EDF-IFP concernant l'étude des paramètres aérodynamiques gouvernant le fonctionnement d'un brûleur à 2 veines d'air avec stabilisateur central à aubages. Après avoir rappelé les motivations de l'étude, et présenté les équipements expérimentaux mis en ceuvre à FIFP et l'EDF, on présente les renseignements significatifs obtenus sur un brûleur de petite échelle (500 à 1000 th/h opérant sous d'excès d'air - influence des paramètres aérodynamiques et géométriques sur les conditions de mélange; - optimisation des conditions de réglages et mise en évidence d'un type de stabilisateur d'intérêt pratique, - influence du recyclage de gaz brûlés sur la structure des flammes. This article is a synthesis of the results obtained in the joint EDF-IFP research project on the aerodynamic parameters governing the operating of a two-airstream burner with a central vane swirler. After reviewing the reasons behind the project and describing the experimental equipment used by IFP and EDF, the significant data are given for a small-scale burner (500,000 ta 1,000,000 kcal/h operating with a 2 % air excess. These data include : - the influence of aerodynamic and geometric parameters on the mixture conditions; - optimizing adjustment conditions and finding a practicable swirler type; - the influence of burned-gas recycling on flame structure.

Droin R.

2006-11-01

172

Subjetividad y discurso científico-académico: Acerca de algunas manifestaciones de la subjetividad en el artículo de investigación en español / Subjectivity and academic scientific discourse: Some subjectivity marks in research articles in Spanish  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de este trabajo es estudiar algunas de las manifestaciones de la subjetividad presentes en el género artículo de investigación científica, escrito en español. En un corpus de artículos procedentes de cuatro disciplinas (Historia, Lingüística, Geología y Medicina), se relevan, así en pri [...] mer lugar las marcas de persona, quizás la huella más evidente de la presencia del sujeto en el discurso. Se abordan luego los modos de referir la palabra ajena y las diferentes actitudes del locutor-autor frente a esas otras voces. En este marco, se analizan las comillas, marcas de la heterogeneidad "mostrada marcada", que permiten al locutor desdoblar su discurso para comentar las palabras que emplea, al mismo tiempo que las utiliza. Se concluye que el artículo científico contiene marcas de subjetividad y polifonía de diferente tipo, y que dichas marcas pueden correlacionarse con la configuración de ethos discursivos diferentes, según las disciplinas Abstract in english The purpose of this paper is to study some marks of subjectivity in research articles in Spanish. In a corpus of research articles on History, Linguistics, Geology and Medicine, I focus first on person markers, the clearest trace of the author in discourse. Second I concentrate on the ways to refer [...] to other people’s discourse and different attitudes facing those voices authors show. Within this frame, I analyse inverted commas, evident marks of heterogeneity in discourse, which allow the author to unfold her discourse and make a comment on words while using them. I conclude that, far from being objective, neutral and monological, the research article presents subjective and polyphonic marks of many kinds and that those marks can correlate with the constitution of diverse discursive ethos, according to disciplines

María Marta, García Negroni.

173

El discurso científico de la historia: Análisis estructural y retórico de los artículos de investigación en historia / THE SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE OF HISTORY: A STRUCTURAL AND RHETORICAL ANALYSIS OF HISTORY RESEARCH ARTICLES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Al igual que en cualquier otra disciplina científica, el discurso general de la historia se transmite a través de distintos géneros, siendo el artículo de investigación (en adelante, AI), una manifestación que permite, en particular, analizar el discurso científico de la historia. En esta materia, e [...] l trabajo de Swales (1990, 2004) y su teoría de Movidas Retóricas (en adelante, MR) es un referente para el estudio específico de los artículos de investigación. Los estudios que siguen esta teoría son, en su mayoría, aplicables a trabajos escritos en la lengua inglesa y dan cuenta, de manera aislada, de las distintas secciones superestructurales, tales como la introducción o la conclusión. En este contexto, el objetivo de la presente investigación es describir, estructural y retóricamente, los artículos de investigación en historia. Para este efecto, se realizó un análisis de todas las secciones superestructurales presentes en los AiI de nuestro corpus. Además, se identificaron las MR prototípicas de los AI en historia, y se estableció el grado de similitud de las secciones superestructurales del corpus con los de otras disciplinas. Los resultados principales señalan que los artículos de investigación de historia se caracterizan, principalmente, por la narración e interpretación de hechos, en conjunto con la referencia literal a otras fuentes. Abstract in english As in all scientific disciplines, the general discourse of history is conveyed by means of different discourse genres. One of such genres is the research article (RA), which therefore enables the analysis of the scientific discourse of history. In this respect, the descriptive work of Swales (1990, [...] 2004) and his theory of Rhetorical Moves (RM) is seminal to the study of scientific research articles. The studies based on this theory have been published mostly in English and involve the analysis of some of the distinctive super-structural sections, mainly the introduction and the conclusion, in a discrete approach. The aim of the present study is to describe, both structurally and rhetorically, research articles in the area of history written in Chilean Spanish. To this end, an analysis was carried out of the superstructures present in the RA's of our corpus. Additionally, the prototypical RM's in history RA's were identified and the degree of similarity between these super-structural sections in our corpus and those of other disciplines was established. The main results of this study demonstrate that research articles in the area of history are characterized, mainly, by the narration and interpretation of facts, together with the literal reference to other sources.

Miguel, Fuentes Cortés.

174

Processes | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... This paper reviews research done on complimentary forms of temperature responsive “thermophilic” hydrogels, those exhibiting positive volume-phase transitions in aqueous solvent. The influences of intermolecular forces on the mechanism of phase-transition are discussed along with case examples of typical thermophilic hydrogels. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers) p. 263-278 Open Access Article: Complex Nonlinear Behavior in Metabolic Processes: Global Bifurcation ...

175

Tracking Theory Building and Use Trends in Selected LIS Journals: More Research is Needed. A review of: Kim, Sung?Jin, and Dong Y. Jeong. “An Analysis of the Development and Use of Theory in Library and Information Science Research Articles.” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 548?62.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective ? The authors measure theory incidents occurring in four LIS journals between 1984?2003 in order to examine their number and quality and to analyze them by topic. A third objective, only identified later in the text of the study, was to compare theory development and use between Korean and international journals. Research questions asked include whether LIS has its own theoretical base as a discipline, and what characteristics the theoretical framework has.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – Journal issues selected from four LIS journals for the time span from 1984 ? 2003.Subjects – Two international journals, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST and Library and Information Science Research (LISR were selected based on their high ranking in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI impact factors. Two Korean journals, Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management (JKSIM and Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science (JKSLIS were selected.Methods ? After having determined a definition of theory, and identifying different levels of theory, the authors set up rules for the identification of theory incidents, which are defined as “events in which the author contributed to the development or the use of theory in his/her own paper” (550. Content analysis of 1661 research articles was performed to measure theory incidents according to working definitions. Interrater reliability was ensured by conducting independent coding for “subfield classification, identification of theory incidents, and quality measurement” (555,using a sample of 199 articles (random selection not specified, achieving 94?97% interrater reliability. Incidents, once identified, were evaluated for quality using Dubin’s “efficiency of law” criteria, involving measures of relatedness, directionality, co?variation, rate of change, and “profundity,” defined as the depth to which theory is incorporated into the research study.Main Results ? 21.79% (n=362 of the articles contained theory incidents that were analyzed and evaluated. Trend measurement indicated an overall increase, although a slight decrease was shown in the year range 1993?2003. International journals accounted for 61.33% of theory incidents, compared to 38.67% for the Korean journals. T?testing showed that differences in means between Korean and international journals were not statistically significant. Topical theory areas were ranked by frequency. The top five areas were shown to be nearly identical between Korean and international journals. ANOVA was performed with significant results in the difference between efficiency ratings. Conclusion – The authors find that the overall proportion of theory incidents including both theory development and use increased through the 20?year time span examined, and that LIS has established its own theoretical framework based upon the frequency of incidents.

Carol Perryman

2007-09-01

176

Glucose transporters: expression, regulation and cancer  

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Full Text Available Mammalian cells depend on glucose as a major substrate for energy production. Glucose is transported into the cell via facilitative glucose transporters (GLUT present in all cell types. Many GLUT isoforms have been described and their expression is cell-specific and subject to hormonal and environmental control. The kinetic properties and substrate specificities of the different isoforms are specifically suited to the energy requirements of the particular cell types. Due to the ubiquitousness of these transporters, their differential expression is involved in various disease states such as diabetes, ischemia and cancer. The majority of cancers and isolated cancer cell lines over-express the GLUT family members which are present in the respective tissue of origin under non-cancerous conditions. Moreover, due to the requirement of energy to feed uncontrolled proliferation, cancer cells often express GLUTs which under normal conditions would not be present in these tissues. This over-expression is predominantly associated with the likelihood of metastasis and hence poor patient prognosis. This article presents a review of the current literature on the regulation and expression of GLUT family members and has compiled clinical and research data on GLUT expression in human cancers and in isolated human cancer cell lines.

RODOLFO A. MEDINA

2002-01-01

177

Differential gene expression in C4 plants. Research proposal, February 1, 1982-January 31, 1983. [Pea plants  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The topic of this research proposal is slightly different from that originally outlined. Specifically, instead of characterizing the genes encoding the small subunit of RuBP carboxylase and the chlorophyll a/b binding polypeptide from corn, these genes from pea are being characterized. The above polypeptides represent the major products of cytoplasmic protein synthesis in green leaves. CDNA clones encoding the above polypeptides were isolated and characterized. Both of these cDNA clones have now been sequenced, providing the amino acid sequences for the carboxylase small subunit and, for the first time, for the chlorophyll a/b binding polypeptide. Pea nuclear DNA was cloned into the lambda phage Charon 4, and cloned nuclear DNA sequences encoding the above polypeptides were isolated. Future work will be concerned with the structural and functional characterization of these nuclear genes.

Cashmore, A. R.

1981-11-01

178

¿Dónde se publican artículos de investigación docente relacionados con asignaturas de Ingeniería Industrial? (Where are published research articles related to university teaching of Industrial Engineering?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A la hora de realizar investigación o mejorar la práctica docente universitaria, no siempre es fácil encontrar fuentes de información que cumplan el requisito de ser publicaciones en revistas académicas, que hayan sometido al artículo a un proceso de  revisión ciega por pares. Pretendemos cubrir este hueco para el área de ingeniería industrial y proporcionar un listado de las revistas académicas que tienen en su línea editorial la publicación de artículos de investigación docente sobre asignaturas de titulaciones afines a la Ingeniería Industrial. (When conducting research or improving university teaching practice is not always easy to find sources that meet the requirement of publication in blind peer review academic journals. We intend to fill this gap for the area of industrial engineering and provide a list of academic journals that include research related to teaching Industrial Engineering in their focus/scope.

Juan A. Marin-Garcia

2011-01-01

179

The development in leading e-government articles 2001- 2010 : Definitions, perspectives, scope, research philosophies, methods and recommendations. An update of Heeks and Bailur  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents a study of the development in leading e-government papers from 2001-2010. Inspired by a study by Heeks and Bailur, the analysis uses a different sampling method, adds new themes, and focuses on changes over time. Through an iterative process known as template analysis the five most cited papers from each year are analyzed according to themes such as perspectives on the impact and impact causes of e-government, methods used, underlying research philosophies and recommendations. Findings indicate that the papers are still somewhat optimistic regarding the impact of e-government, but no longer as technologically deterministic. Discussions of research philosophies start to appear, as do social constructionist studies, although most papers are still positivistic. There is an increase in the use of primary data, and some movement in focus from infrastructure and services towards citizens. There is little development in the discussions of generalization of results and recommendations offered.

Østergaard Madsen, Christian; Bull Berger, Jesper

180

The Development in Leading e-Government Articles 2001-2010: Definitions, Perspectives, Scope, Research Philosophies, Methods and Recommendations: An Update of Heeks and Bailur  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents a study of development in leading e-government papers from 2001-2010. Inspired by a study by Heeks and Bailur, the analysis uses a different sampling method, adds new themes, and focuses on changes over time. Through an iterative process known as template analysis the five most cited papers from each year are analyzed according to themes such as perspectives on the impact and impact causes of e-government, methods used, underlying research philosophies and recommendations. Findings indicate that the papers are still somewhat optimistic regarding the impact of e-government, but no longer as technologically deterministic. Discussions of research philosophies start to appear, as do social constructionist studies, although most papers are still positivistic. There is an increase in the use of primary data, and some movement in focus from infrastructure and services towards citizens. There is little development in the discussions of generalization of results and recom-mendations offered.

Madsen, Christian Østergaard; Berger, Jesper Bull

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

research -  

...] By sgiorgi | Posted in behaviour change, Communities, food waste, Light hearted, Out and about, Uncategorized | Also tagged catch, environment, fish | Comments (1) Gamification June 22, 2012 - 12:48 pm ‘Gamification’ research has done an excellent job of highlighting the potential to make surveys more appealing. ... It doesn’t feel, however, that all of the gamification techniques have yet been refined sufficiently to also result in the collection unbiased and actionable data. By Geoff King | Posted in Uncategorized | Also tagged gamification, surveys | Comments (0) ...

182

Research agendas.  

Science.gov (United States)

WHILE EACH ARTICLE IN THIS ISSUE OF JERHRE raises important questions that call for empirical research, one article-the editorial-subsumes all issues raised by the rest of the articles herein. It is a call to make full use of the allowed freedom to design an improved system of ethical problem solving and ethical oversight in human research. Being an ethical researcher is often cast in terms of compliance with ethics committee rules. In some contexts those rules, inflexibly applied, may cause unnecessary delay, damage and hindrance to important research projects. Stated otherwise, they may impose unethical requirements on research. Yet it is the very inaction or compliance of researchers and research administrators that causes us to fail to help create systems of research oversight that work-that foster valid and ethical research and advance human society. PMID:19385833

2006-12-01

183

Rhythm Analysis by Heartbeat Classification in the Electrocardiogram (Review article of the research achievements of the members of the Centre of Biomedical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The morphological and rhythm analysis of the electrocardiogram (ECG is based on ventricular beats detection, wave parameters measurement, as amplitudes, widths, polarities, intervals and relations between them, and a subsequent classification supporting the diagnostic process. Number of algorithms for detection and classification of the QRS complexes have been developed by researchers in the Centre of Biomedical Engineering - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, and are reviewed in this material. Combined criteria have been introduced dealing with the QRS areas and amplitudes, the waveshapes evaluated by steep slopes and sharp peaks, vectorcardiographic (VCG loop descriptors, RR intervals irregularities. Algorithms have been designed for application on a single ECG lead, a synthesized lead derived by multichannel synchronous recordings, or simultaneous multilead analysis. Some approaches are based on templates matching, cross-correlation or rely on a continuous updating of adaptive thresholds. Various beat classification methods have been designed involving discriminant analysis, the K-th nearest neighbors, fuzzy sets, genetic algorithms, neural networks, etc. The efficiency of the developed methods has been assessed using internationally recognized arrhythmia ECG databases with annotated beats and rhythm disturbances. In general, high values for specificity and sensitivity competitive to those reported in the literature have been achieved.

Irena Jekova

2009-08-01

184

Prejudice and Racism, Year 2008--Still Going Strong: Research on Reducing Prejudice with Recommended Methodological Advances  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses the origins, mechanisms, and expressions of prejudice. A selective review of research finds strong support for the validity of G. W. Allport's (1954) contact hypothesis conditions in reducing prejudice. Methodological advances in the study of prejudice are reviewed, and implications of research findings for counselors are…

Utsey, Shawn O.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Porter, Jerlym S.

2008-01-01

185

Diagnostics | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 372-384 Open Access Feature Paper Article: Gene Expression of Glucose Transporter 1 (GLUT1), Hexokinase 1 and Hexokinase 2 in Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Correlation with F-18- fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography and Cellular Proliferation by Tina Binderup, Ulrich Peter Knigge, Birgitte Federspiel, Peter Sommer, Jane Preuss Hasselby, Annika Loft and Andreas Kjaer Diagnostics 2013, 3(4), 372-384; doi:10.3390/diagnostics3040372 Received: 9 August 2013; in ...revised form: 25 September 2013 / Accepted: 27 September 2013 / Published: 29 October 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (162 KB) Abstract: Neoplastic tissue exhibits high glucose utilization and over-expression of glucose transporters (GLUTs) and hexokinases ( HKs), which can be imaged by 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of glycolysis-associated genes and to compare this with FDG-PET imaging as well as with the cellular proliferation index ...

186

Pourquoi l'acquisition des pronoms est plus simple que celle des articles : apport du japonais L1 dans l'expression de la référence aux entités en français L2  

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tend l'usage des articles ne l'est pas. Nous en déduisons qu'en situation de contact japonais L1-français L2, on peut aussi considérer que le japonais langue première favorise l'acquisition de certaines propriétés nominales de la L2.

Granget Cyrille

2014-07-01

187

Participation of immigrant women family caregivers in qualitative research.  

Science.gov (United States)

The recruitment of articulate, expressive participants is an essential part of methodology in qualitative research. This article presents the authors' experience in the recruitment of immigrant women of Chinese and South Asian origin in an ethnographic study. The study included women caring for an adult or child family member who had a chronic health problem. Knowledge of women family caregivers' health is restricted by the failure to include diverse groups of women in research. In this article, the authors discuss issues related to recruitment and participation of immigrant women in research, including establishing access to diverse groups of women, benefits for immigrant women, and placing the researcher and research process on the same level. Practical research strategies to address these issues and engage the women in research that portrays their perspectives are presented. The authors' discussion concludes with reflection on their experience and that of other researchers. PMID:11569331

Neufeld, A; Harrison, M J; Hughes, K D; Spitzer, D; Stewart, M J

2001-10-01

188

Virtual Self-Expression  

Science.gov (United States)

This article introduces the art of three-dimensional modelling. Three-dimensional modelling is gaining acceptance as a new medium for self-expression. Students must first master the software programs, learn the tools and functions, the menu choices and settings, and use them to create realistic objects. (Contains 4 online resources.)

Black, David V.

2008-01-01

189

Ordinary Expression and Musical Expressiveness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A general assumption embedded in different approaches to musical expressiveness has been to accept that ordinary expression is the paradigm or the reference phenomenon for explaining other forms of (artistic expression and in particular musical expressiveness. This has led to an attempt to find a relationship between ordinary expression and musical expressiveness that can account for why we find expressive features or content in things such as symphonies, sonatas and other forms of musical composition. In this paper I argue for the idea that musical expressiveness does not necessarily have to be understood in terms of, or by drawing an analogy to, ordinary expression. Rather, I will try, first, to defend the idea that musical expressiveness could be conceived on a continuum with ordinary expression. Secondly, I will try to show that this understanding of musical expressiveness can make more sense of the way in which some features of musical expressiveness may pass on ordinary expressiveness and enrich its repertoire.

María José Alcaraz León

2014-02-01

190

Pharmaceutics | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1-25 Open Access Review Review: Phototriggerable Liposomes: Current Research and Future Perspectives by Anu Puri Pharmaceutics 2014, 6(1), 1-25;...are currently under development, I will limit this review to the phototriggerable liposomes that have demonstrated promise in the cell culture systems at least ...summary of various phototriggerable nanocarriers; (ii) an overview of the application of liposomes to deliver payload of photosensitizers and associated technologies; (iii)... (This article belongs to the Special Issue Liposome Technologies) p. 26-35 Open Access Article: Electrostatic Charge Effects on Pharmaceutical Aerosol ...

191

Qualitative Research Process  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article provides with an overview of the qualitative research methods. Over last few decades, qualitative research is getting very popular in the fields of business, sociology, psychology and others. This article, in its introduction, gives a general idea about the qualitative research. Then it discusses the main differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods. The article also discusses about the ethical issues important for qualitative research. Lastly it discusses ab...

Hossain, Dewan Mahboob

2011-01-01

192

Valued Youth Anthology: Articles on Dropout Prevention.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document contains, in chronological order, all articles related to dropouts that have appeared in the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) Newsletter from 1986 to 1989. The articles are: (1) "The Prevention and Recovery of Dropouts: An Action Agenda" (Robledo); (2) "Coca Cola Valued Youth Partnership Program Results of Second…

Intercultural Development Research Association, San Antonio, TX.

193

Quit Now! A Psychoeducational Expressive Therapy Group Work Approach for At-Risk and Delinquent Adolescent Smokers in Singapore  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, we review the risk and protective factors for adolescent smoking, as well as current research on evidence-based practices. The relevance of structured expressive therapy in meeting the maturational and emotional needs of at-risk and delinquent adolescents, and the multicultural context of adolescents in Singapore's Asian society…

Kit, Phey Ling; Teo, Lan

2012-01-01

194

Proteomes | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 240-253 Open Access Article: Proteomic Analysis of Matched Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded Specimens in Patients with Advanced Serous Ovarian Carcinoma by Ashlee L. Smith, ...protein expression profiles of paired primary and metastatic HGSOC from formalin- fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples. Methods: After IRB approval,... Peptides were extracted and analyzed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to a linear ion trap mass spectrometer. Tandem mass spectra were searched ... In contrast, orthogonal separation by SDS-PAGE and reverse-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) affords deep mining ...

195

Call for Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We’ve just finalized revamping our publication process documentation. Now that the new documentation is live we thought it was a good time to post another call for articles. What We Publish We publish high quality peer-reviewed articles in a range of formats. Whilst we are open to suggestions for new article types and formats, including […

Editorial Board

2014-08-01

196

Índice de Palabras de Contenido (IPC) y Distribución Porcentual de Legomena (DPL) en artículos de investigación en español / Index of Content Words (ICW) and Percent Distribution of Legomena (PDL) in Research Articles in Spanish  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A partir de una revisión de los índices clásicos en estadística léxica (Leyes de Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot), se proponen dos índices lingüísticos que buscan aportar nuevos datos en la descripción de textos especializados. Se presenta un caso de la aplicación de estos índices a un corpus representativo [...] y multidisciplinar de artículos de investigación en español, que se contrasta con otros siete corpus a modo de control. Si bien desde un punto de vista general los índices tienen un comportamiento estable en los distintos registros, de forma específica, los índices permiten distinguir registros de alta y de baja especialización y dan cuenta de la variación disciplinar de los corpus analizados. Abstract in english Based on a review of classic indices in lexical statistics (Laws of Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot), two linguistic indices are proposed in order to contribute new data in the description of specialized texts. A case is presented in which these indices are applied to a representative, multidisciplinary corp [...] us of research articles in Spanish that is contrasted with seven other corpora serving as a control group. Although, from a general point of view the proposed indices present stable behaviour in different registers, implemented specifically, the proposed indices allow the distinction between high and low specialized registers and reveal the disciplinary variation of the corpora analyzed.

Ken, Matsuda; Scott, Sadowsky; Omar, Sabaj.

197

Índice de Palabras de Contenido (IPC) y Distribución Porcentual de Legomena (DPL) en artículos de investigación en español / Index of Content Words (ICW) and Percent Distribution of Legomena (PDL) in Research Articles in Spanish  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A partir de una revisión de los índices clásicos en estadística léxica (Leyes de Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot), se proponen dos índices lingüísticos que buscan aportar nuevos datos en la descripción de textos especializados. Se presenta un caso de la aplicación de estos índices a un corpus representativo [...] y multidisciplinar de artículos de investigación en español, que se contrasta con otros siete corpus a modo de control. Si bien desde un punto de vista general los índices tienen un comportamiento estable en los distintos registros, de forma específica, los índices permiten distinguir registros de alta y de baja especialización y dan cuenta de la variación disciplinar de los corpus analizados. Abstract in english Based on a review of classic indices in lexical statistics (Laws of Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot), two linguistic indices are proposed in order to contribute new data in the description of specialized texts. A case is presented in which these indices are applied to a representative, multidisciplinary corp [...] us of research articles in Spanish that is contrasted with seven other corpora serving as a control group. Although, from a general point of view the proposed indices present stable behaviour in different registers, implemented specifically, the proposed indices allow the distinction between high and low specialized registers and reveal the disciplinary variation of the corpora analyzed.

Ken, Matsuda; Scott, Sadowsky; Omar, Sabaj.

2012-03-01

198

The Role of Documentation in Practice-Led Research  

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Full Text Available Practice-led research in the field of art and design usually involves a study of the interplay between a researcher-practitioner and her artistic work in process. This article seeks to illustrate that documentation of art practice can be a means to record that interplay and it can be used as relevant material in practice-led research. The article will present an account of documentation in practice-led research highlighting two principal aspects: phases of documentation and the role of documentation within the overall research process. The account will capture reflections of the author’s own practice-led research in fiber art, which investigates the relationship between materials and artistic expression, in the context of contemporary art.

Nithikul Nimkulrat

2007-01-01

199

Emotional Expression in Reality TV  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Reality TV has been disputed and discussed along many lines for the last 20 years; the media themselves always with a twist of concern about reality programs crossing moral borderlines while research has put more interest in questions of genre and representation of more or less useful and maybe empowering social identities. In the latest generation of reality TV which Misha Kava has described as the “celebrity generation”, it seems that reality creates new standards for mixing facts and fiction and even different “realities” as participants become media stars while more traditional celebrities are being treated as ordinary people. My article will discuss different presentations of selves and especially the emotional verbal and nonverbal expressions in reality TV communication. Aspects of the intimate self and its emotional expressions seem to be strategically managed in reality TV and even commodified in the celebrity culture. The article will discuss and analyze examples of reality TV’s interpersonal strategically communication in relation to ordinary interpersonal communication where much information about the self is communicated incidentally to the purpose of the situation, and some is communicated involuntarily. Goffman has described the intended and the unintended aspects of personal communication as information ‘given’ which means intended and managed, and information ‘given off’ which is unintentional. In relation to his investigation in human lying and deceit Ekman points out, that information ‘given off’ in lying behavior will must often be found in non-verbal mikro expressions and mikro gestures. I will end by discussing the strategic emotional expressions as production of floating identities in a broader framework on the basis of among others Gergen, Lipovetsky and Baumann. These postmodern and hyperreal trends will then be discussed in relation to Danish philosopher Løgstrup and his concept of the basic utterances of life (de suveræne livsytringer) and Habermas’ understanding of life/system worlds. I aim to get closer to an understanding of what management of visibility and sensibility in communication might mean to the human being of our time – and why we seem to seek it so desperately in the (media) culture.

Rasmussen, Tove Arendt

200

 Prokaryotic expression systems  

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Full Text Available For overproduction of recombinant proteins both eukaryotic and prokaryotic expression systems are used. Choosing the right system depends, among other things, on the growth rate and culture of host cells, level of the target gene expression and posttranslational processing of the synthesized protein. Regardless of the type of expression system, its basic elements are the vector and the expression host.The most widely used system for protein overproduction, both on a laboratory and industrial scale, is the prokaryotic system. This system is based primarily on the bacteria E. coli, although increasingly often Bacillus species are used. The prokaryotic system allows one to obtain large quantities of recombinant proteins in a short time. A simple and inexpensive bacterial cell culture and well-known mechanisms of transcription and translation facilitate the use of these microorganisms. The simplicity of genetic modifications and the availability of many bacterial mutants are additional advantages of the prokaryotic system. In this article we characterize the structural elements of prokaryotic expression vectors. Also strategies for preparation of the target protein gene that increase productivity, facilitate detection and purification of recombinant protein and provide its activity are discussed. Bacterial strains often used as host cells in expression systems as well as the potential location of heterologous proteins are characterized.Knowledge of the basic elements of the prokaryotic expression system allows for production of biologically active proteins in a short time and in satisfactory quantities. 

Dorota Porowi?ska

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
201

On Blurred Borders and Interdisciplinary Research Teams: The Case of the "Archive of Mourning"  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main objective of this article is to present the "Archive of Mourning," a research project that focuses on the mourning ritual practices in public spaces that took place after the train bombings in Madrid on March 11th 2004. Due to the magnitude of these public mourning rituals, the impact of the bombings in Spanish society and the variety of voices expressed at the stations, a group of researchers working at the Spanish National Research Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient...

Sa?nchez-carretero, Cristina; Cea Gutie?rrez, Antonio; Di?az-mas, Paloma; Marti?nez Olmo, Mari?a Del Pilar; Ortiz Garci?a, Carmen

2011-01-01

202

Facial Expressions Recognition Using Eigenspaces  

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Full Text Available A challenging research topic is to make the Computer Systems to recognize facial expressions from the face image. A method of facial expression recognition, based on Eigenspaces is presented in this study. Here, the authors recognize the userâ??s facial expressions from the input images, using a method that was customized from eigenface recognition. Evaluation was done for this method in terms of identification correctness using two different Facial Expressions databases, Cohn-Kanade facial expression database and Japanese Female Facial Expression database. The results show the effectiveness of proposed method.

Senthil Ragavan Valayapalayam Kittusamy

2012-01-01

203

Facial Expressions Recognition Using Eigenspaces  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A challenging research topic is to make the Computer Systems to recognize facial expressions from the face image. A method of facial expression recognition, based on Eigenspaces is presented in this study. Here, the authors recognize the userâ??s facial expressions from the input images, using a method that was customized from eigenface recognition. Evaluation was done for this method in terms of identification correctness using two different Facial Expressions databases, Cohn-Kanade facia...

Senthil Ragavan Valayapalayam Kittusamy; Venkatesh Chakrapani

2012-01-01

204

How Newspaper-Article-Events, Other Stock Market Indices, and the Foreign Currency Rate Affect the Philippine Stock Market  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Eugene Fama in his “Efficient Market Hypothesis” introduced the term newspaper-article-event. The aim of this paper is to find out if newspaper-article-events which are presented and discussed in newspaper articles and which could collage to create an atmosphere of investment, together with the indices of other stock markets (treated as other events and the performance of the Philippine Peso against the US Dollar (considered as another event could affect the closing Philippine Stock Market Indices (Phisix during the 2004 Election Campaign in the Philippines and the 2005 Impeachment Controversy against the Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Expressivity rating was conceived to measure the expressivity of newspaper articles and, in turn, represent the degree of positiveness, neutralness or negativeness of newspaper-article-events. This research found significant correlations between the closing Forex rate the day before and the present closing Phisix for the two cases. Significant models were also derived incorporating several types of newspaper articles, other stock market indices and the previous Forex rate for the two cases.

Percival S. Gabriel

2013-04-01

205

Selected Tennis and Badminton Articles. Sports Articles Reprint Series. Third Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presented is a collection of articles from "The Division for Girls and Women's Sports (DGWS) Guides 1964-1970,""Research Quarterly 1962-1969," and "Journal of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 1962-1969." It is the latest in the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation "AAHPER's Sports Articles Reprint Series,"…

Tyler, Jo Ann, Ed.

206

Psychosocial explanations in research articles in Psychology: the Portuguese case and comments to Torres & Neves / Explicações psicossociais em artigos de Psicologia: o caso português e comentários a Torres e Neves  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Apresenta-se aqui um comentário à intervenção de Torres e Neves sobre os temas de pesquisa em psicologia social no Brasil. Este comentário foca-se nas questões de análise intercultural referidas por aqueles autores e da sua importância no desenvolvimento da psicologia social. Procura também alimenta [...] r este debate com uma ilustração do que se passa no cenário português. Assim, apresenta-se uma análise aos conceitos, explicações ou análises psicossociais presentes nos artigos publicados entre 2006 e 2012 em três revistas portuguesas (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica). Os resultados mostram uma grande predominância dos "sistemas externos aos indivíduos", em especial daqueles que se relacionam com sistemas de categorizações e/ou de identidades sociais de grupos com diferente estatuto social (Doise, 2012). Estes dados são discutidos, de forma sintética, em articulação com a defesa da "tradução cultural" que Torres e Neves fazem. Abstract in english In the present paper we present a commentary on the talk given by Torres and Neves regarding the themes of research in Social Psychology in Brazil. This commentary focuses on issues of intercultural analyses referred to by these authors and their importance in the development of Social Psychology. W [...] e also aim to feed this debate with an illustration of the Portuguese scenario. Therefore, we present an analysis of the concepts, explanations and/or psychosocial analyses present in articles published between 2006 and 2012 in three Portuguese journals of Psychology (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica). The results show a high predominance of the "systems external to individuals", especially the ones related to systems of categorization and/or social identities in groups of different social status (Doise, 2012). These results are discussed, synthetically, in articulation with the defence of "cultural translation" as proposed by Torres and Neves.

Joaquim Pires, Valentim; Teresa, Forte; Ana, Figueiredo.

2013-03-01

207

Psychosocial explanations in research articles in Psychology: the Portuguese case and comments to Torres & Neves Explicações psicossociais em artigos de Psicologia: o caso português e comentários a Torres e Neves  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the present paper we present a commentary on the talk given by Torres and Neves regarding the themes of research in Social Psychology in Brazil. This commentary focuses on issues of intercultural analyses referred to by these authors and their importance in the development of Social Psychology. We also aim to feed this debate with an illustration of the Portuguese scenario. Therefore, we present an analysis of the concepts, explanations and/or psychosocial analyses present in articles published between 2006 and 2012 in three Portuguese journals of Psychology (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica. The results show a high predominance of the "systems external to individuals", especially the ones related to systems of categorization and/or social identities in groups of different social status (Doise, 2012. These results are discussed, synthetically, in articulation with the defence of "cultural translation" as proposed by Torres and Neves.Apresenta-se aqui um comentário à intervenção de Torres e Neves sobre os temas de pesquisa em psicologia social no Brasil. Este comentário foca-se nas questões de análise intercultural referidas por aqueles autores e da sua importância no desenvolvimento da psicologia social. Procura também alimentar este debate com uma ilustração do que se passa no cenário português. Assim, apresenta-se uma análise aos conceitos, explicações ou análises psicossociais presentes nos artigos publicados entre 2006 e 2012 em três revistas portuguesas (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica. Os resultados mostram uma grande predominância dos "sistemas externos aos indivíduos", em especial daqueles que se relacionam com sistemas de categorizações e/ou de identidades sociais de grupos com diferente estatuto social (Doise, 2012. Estes dados são discutidos, de forma sintética, em articulação com a defesa da "tradução cultural" que Torres e Neves fazem.

Joaquim Pires Valentim

2013-03-01

208

Psychosocial explanations in research articles in Psychology: the Portuguese case and comments to Torres & Neves / Explicações psicossociais em artigos de Psicologia: o caso português e comentários a Torres e Neves  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Apresenta-se aqui um comentário à intervenção de Torres e Neves sobre os temas de pesquisa em psicologia social no Brasil. Este comentário foca-se nas questões de análise intercultural referidas por aqueles autores e da sua importância no desenvolvimento da psicologia social. Procura também alimenta [...] r este debate com uma ilustração do que se passa no cenário português. Assim, apresenta-se uma análise aos conceitos, explicações ou análises psicossociais presentes nos artigos publicados entre 2006 e 2012 em três revistas portuguesas (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica). Os resultados mostram uma grande predominância dos "sistemas externos aos indivíduos", em especial daqueles que se relacionam com sistemas de categorizações e/ou de identidades sociais de grupos com diferente estatuto social (Doise, 2012). Estes dados são discutidos, de forma sintética, em articulação com a defesa da "tradução cultural" que Torres e Neves fazem. Abstract in english In the present paper we present a commentary on the talk given by Torres and Neves regarding the themes of research in Social Psychology in Brazil. This commentary focuses on issues of intercultural analyses referred to by these authors and their importance in the development of Social Psychology. W [...] e also aim to feed this debate with an illustration of the Portuguese scenario. Therefore, we present an analysis of the concepts, explanations and/or psychosocial analyses present in articles published between 2006 and 2012 in three Portuguese journals of Psychology (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica). The results show a high predominance of the "systems external to individuals", especially the ones related to systems of categorization and/or social identities in groups of different social status (Doise, 2012). These results are discussed, synthetically, in articulation with the defence of "cultural translation" as proposed by Torres and Neves.

Joaquim Pires, Valentim; Teresa, Forte; Ana, Figueiredo.

209

Research Application Paper  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast two types of scholarly article designs, quantitative and qualitative, as to how two research designs can be similar and different, and how the authors conduct their research and present their results. When researching and analyzing two scholarly articles of different design types, it is…

Baskas, Richard S.

2011-01-01

210

Challenging of Facial Expressions Classification Systems: Survey, Critical Considerations and Direction of Future Work  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is analysis of the parameters and the affects of those on the performance of the facial expressions classification systems. In recent years understanding of emotions is a basic requirement in the development of Human Computer Interaction (HCI systems. Therefore, an HCI is highly depended on accurate understanding of facial expression. Classification module is the main part of facial expressions recognition system. Numerous classification techniques were proposed in the previous researches to use in the facial expressions recognition systems. In order to evaluate the performance of the classification system we should consider the parameters which influence the classification results. Therefore, in this article, the most recent classification techniques for the purpose of facial expressions recognition as well as features extraction were surveyed and the parameters which affect the accuracy of results were considered and discussed. Based on this article, the features type, number of extracted features, database and image type are the main parameters that influence the accuracy rate of classification models. Furthermore, as the direction of the future work of this research, a Genetic-Fuzzy classification model was proposed for facial expressions recognition to fulfill the classification requirements.

Amir Jamshidnezhad

2012-05-01

211

Research misconduct  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Good research practice is important to the scientific community. An awareness of what constitutes poor practice is important. Various types of research misconduct are defined in this article. The extent of research misconduct in the field of radiology has been assessed by contacting five English language radiology journals. Redundant or duplicate publication has been reported infrequently, Radiology (1), American Journal of Roentgenology (3), Clinical Radiology (3), British Journal of Radiology (2) and European Radiology (1). The issue of how the radiology community might tackle research misconduct is discussed with reference to guidance from the Medical Research Council, the Wellcome Trust and the Committee of Publication Ethics

212

Sustainable Participation in Regular Exercise amongst Older People: Developing an Action Research Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: This article describes the Triangle Project's work with a post industrial community, where healthy living activities were developed in response to community members' expressed needs. Method: An action research partnership approach was taken to reduce health inequalities, with local people developing their own activities to address…

Davies, Jeanne; Lester, Carolyn; O'Neill, Martin; Williams, Gareth

2008-01-01

213

Research 101: demystifying nursing research.  

Science.gov (United States)

As home health nurses begin to more fully embrace evidence-based practice, we need to be reading research articles in addition to those being published in Home Healthcare Nurse. Many of us have been out of school for several years or have never studied nursing research, and the terminology can be daunting. Evidence-based practice strengthens our ability to provide nursing care based upon the best scientific and researched information. The evidence gleaned from research demonstrates best practice methods rather than those we have traditionally used with little or no scientific basis. The purpose of this article is to provide new knowledge or dust the cobwebs from our past studies of nursing research. A review of the types of research, as well as its language, can help home health nurses be consumers of research with greater understanding. Use of the Internet and ways to access nursing research will be discussed. This article is a brief overview only and more in-depth principles can be accessed by one of the many nursing research resources. PMID:19907241

Whittier, Sandra; George, Nancy

2009-01-01

214

Les citations scientifiques: des réseaux de références dans des univers de références. L’exemple d’articles de chimie.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The overall goal of my research is to highlight the social and relational depth of references and citations in scientific evidence that, far from being mere indicators of productivity and visibility of research, are also an expression of scientific sociability. Because they boost the social and intellectual research, references and citations are the possible vector for transformation of scientific community.Based on a corpus of 32 articles from a chemistry laboratory in Toulouse and with interviews with their authors, I analyze the references of three of them as an opportunity for authors, to boost their relations with collectives to whom they claim to belong or they oppose through these references. I continue by showing that the networks of references of each publication are embedded in a universe of references (all citations that references of the article have generated in the SCI-Thomson Reuters, before and after its publication that they partly contribute to create.

Milard, Béatrice

2010-12-01

215

WYRA?ANIE Z?O?CI A WI?? Z RODZICAMI W DEPRESJI. BADANIA OSÓB UCZESTNICZACYCH W PSYCHOTERAPII. [ANGER EXPRESSION AND BONDS WITH PARENTS IN DEPRESSION. RESEARCH OF PEOPLE PARTICIPATING IN PSYCHOTHERAPY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose of the study: The aim of this study was comparative analysis of the ways of anger expression and the quality and dynamics of bonds with parents (mother and father separately in patients with depression (participating in psychotherapy and healthy people (who did not take part in psychotherapy, without indications for therapy, revealing no symptoms of disease.Material and method: We analyzed sample of 35 patients with a diagnosis of depression (depressive episode or recurrent, which are in the initial phase of individual integrative psychotherapy and a comparable sample of healthy individuals. Self-Expression and Control Scale (van Elderen and al. and a survey dedicated to the research were used.Results: There are differences in the anger expression between people with depression and people without symptoms of disease. The quality of early childhood relationships with parents (before 12 years of age and dynamics of bonds in other important developmental periods (early primary school, adolescence, adulthood did not differentiate statistically significant at the level of depressed and healthy peoples. There are links between the dynamics and quality of bonds with parents and the anger expression by individuals undergoingpsychotherapy of depression.Conclusions: Working within bond with the object and work with anger adequately determine the direction of effects in psychotherapy of depression.

Bereza, Bernarda

2012-06-01

216

Societies | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 45-67 Open Access Article: Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries by Ann T. Skinner, Dario ...to child aggression, whether parental monitoring moderates this relation, and whether harsh parenting mediates this relation. Interviews were conducted with a sample of ...66; 51% girls) and their mothers (n = 1282) and fathers (n = 1075) in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines,... The mediating role of harsh parenting was inconsistent across countries and reporters. Implications for further research are discussed, and include examination ...

217

Article Watch: September 2014  

Science.gov (United States)

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University-University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA. Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the Editorial Board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive A.

2014-01-01

218

Article watch: september 2014.  

Science.gov (United States)

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University-University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA. Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the Editorial Board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association. PMID:25187759

Slaughter, Clive A

2014-09-01

219

Editorial: Well Documented Articles Achieve More Impact  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This issue offers for the first time supplementary material to articles. It consists of Excel files providing data the research is based on, calculation sheets, and optimization tools. Moreover, text files with pseudo code of algorithms and data of instances used for testing these algorithms as well as a video file with a demonstration of the use of a system in experiments are supplied for download. This material facilitates the understanding of the published articles and the replication of their findings to the benefit of scientific progress. And last but not least, such well documented articles will achieve much more impact.

Sönke Albers

2009-05-01

220

Impact of estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) co-expression on breast cancer disease characteristics: implications for tumor biology and research.  

Science.gov (United States)

ER and HER2 are critical drivers of breast cancer biology and can interact when co-expressed, but less data describe the impact of ER/HER2 co-expression on clinical disease characteristics. We studied the impact of ER and HER2 (co)-expression in a cohort of 1,187 patients with invasive breast cancer and compared disease characteristics among different groups according to ER and HER2 status. Age, tumor size, grade, nodal status, TNM stage, and metastatic sites were compared and significance determined using the appropriate t tests. All p values were two-tailed. Compared to ER-negative/HER2-negative disease as the control group, ER expression was associated with older age, smaller tumors, lower grade, earlier TNM stage, and increased bone involvement in de novo metastasis, while HER2 had no significant impact on these characteristics. ER and HER2 co-expression was associated with lower grade and higher bone involvement in de novo metastasis, reflecting a retained impact for ER. HER2 impact on ER-positive disease was reflected by younger age, higher grade and TNM stage, and increased frequency of visceral involvement in de novo metastasis. Within the ER-positive/HER2-positive group, triple positive breast cancer (ER+/PgR+/HER2+) was associated with younger age compared to ER+/PgR-/HER2+ disease (mean age of 50.8 vs. 56 years, p = 0.0226). PgR was also associated with younger age in ER+/HER2- disease with a mean age of 57.6 years in ER+/PgR+/HER2- disease vs. 63.4 years in ER+/PgR-/HER2- disease (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, ER has a profound impact on breast cancer characteristics, including a retained impact when co-expressed with HER2. Similarly, HER2 dramatically modulates ER-positive breast cancer making it more aggressive. PgR association with young age may be related to hormonal levels of the premenopausal state, with HER2 providing an earlier growth advantage in triple positive disease, suggesting a specific dependence for this subset on high estrogen levels. PMID:25257728

Alqaisi, Abeer; Chen, Li; Romond, Edward; Chambers, Mara; Stevens, Mark; Pasley, Grace; Awasthi, Mukta; Massarweh, Suleiman

2014-11-01

 
 
 
 
221

STATISTICAL IDENTIFICATION OF RESEARCH TRENDS MANIFESTED IN THE FIELD OF SURVEY INTERVIEWER CHARACTERISTIC’S  

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Full Text Available In this paper we intend to identify the research trends manifested in the literature on the survey interviewer characteristic’s. A first objective pursued was to identify the distribution of research topics, their territorial distribution and their dynamics expressed in the study of survey interviewer characteristics. A second objective was to verify if the publication of articles in a journal depends on the theme, on the geographical area from which the author came or on the period of the research. In order to achieve these objectives we used descriptive statistics, multiple correspondence analysis and logistic regression. Using the statistical software R statistical data were processed.For the analyzed sample, the results of statistical analysis showed that a signifi cant number of articles have been published by American and European researchers. Most these articles were published after 2000, and the main research theme is the analysis of the survey interviewer characteristics. The data analysis shows that the moment of publication of the research results in a prestigious journal depends on economic, political, social and cultural context characteristic of geographical area from which the author comes. The results also showed that a certain period when the articles by analyzed sample where published and the geographical area from which the researcher comes had a negative effect on the estimated probability to approach a research topic. Also, articles written by U.S. researchers were more likely to be published.

Alina MORO?ANU

2012-01-01

222

Demographic Research  

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Demographic Research is a newly launched, peer-reviewed online journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany. The first article in Volume One (covering May 1, 1999 to December 31, 1999) has recently been posted: Cancer Rates over Age, Time, and Place: Insights from Stochastic Models of Heterogeneous Populations by James W. Vaupel and Anatoli I. Yashin. Articles are available in both HTML and .pdf formats. The Website provides detailed information about the journal's purpose, mission, submission guidelines, and review process.

223

Mixed Method Research: An Overview  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article gives a general overview of mixed method research. In mixed method, the researchers combine both qualitative and quantitative approaches in a single research project. The article first attempts to define mixed method research. Then it gives a comparison of qualitative and quantitative approaches. It also introduces the well-known controversy among the researchers: which of these approaches is superior? By explaining this controversy, the article identifies the need for mixed meth...

Hossain, Dewan Mahboob

2012-01-01

224

[Protein expression and purification].  

Science.gov (United States)

Production of recombinant proteins is essential for many applications in both basic research and also in medicine, where recombinant proteins are used as pharmaceuticals. This review summarizes procedures involved in recombinant protein expression and purification, including molecular cloning of target genes into expression vectors, selection of the appropriate expression system, and protein purification techniques. Recombinant DNA technology allows protein engineering to modify protein stability, activity and function or to facilitate protein purification by affinity tag fusions. A wide range of cloning systems enabling fast and effective design of expression vectors is currently available. A first choice of protein expression system is usually the bacteria Escherichia coli. The main advantages of this prokaryotic expression system are low cost and simplicity; on the other hand this system is often unsuitable for production of complex mammalian proteins. Protein expression mediated by eukaryotic cells (yeast, insect and mammalian cells) usually produces properly folded and posttranslationally modified proteins. How-ever, cultivation of insect and, especially, mammalian cells is time consuming and expensive. Affinity tagged recombinant proteins are purified efficiently using affinity chromatography. An affinity tag is a protein or peptide that mediates specific binding to a chromatography column, unbound proteins are removed during a washing step and pure protein is subsequently eluted. PMID:24945544

R??ková, E; Müller, P; Vojt?šek, B

2014-01-01

225

Citation advantage of open access articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Open access (OA) to the research literature has the potential to accelerate recognition and dissemination of research findings, but its actual effects are controversial. This was a longitudinal bibliometric analysis of a cohort of OA and non-OA articles published between June 8, 2004, and December 20, 2004, in the same journal (PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences). Article characteristics were extracted, and citation data were compared between the two groups at three different points in time: at "quasi-baseline" (December 2004, 0-6 mo after publication), in April 2005 (4-10 mo after publication), and in October 2005 (10-16 mo after publication). Potentially confounding variables, including number of authors, authors' lifetime publication count and impact, submission track, country of corresponding author, funding organization, and discipline, were adjusted for in logistic and linear multiple regression models. A total of 1,492 original research articles were analyzed: 212 (14.2% of all articles) were OA articles paid by the author, and 1,280 (85.8%) were non-OA articles. In April 2005 (mean 206 d after publication), 627 (49.0%) of the non-OA articles versus 78 (36.8%) of the OA articles were not cited (relative risk = 1.3 [95% Confidence Interval: 1.1-1.6]; p = 0.001). 6 mo later (mean 288 d after publication), non-OA articles were still more likely to be uncited (non-OA: 172 [13.6%], OA: 11 [5.2%]; relative risk = 2.6 [1.4-4.7]; p 2.0]; Z = 3.123; p = 0.002; October 2005: 6.4 [SD = 10.4] versus 4.5 [SD = 4.9]; Z = 4.058; p libraries, OA articles are more immediately recognized and cited by peers than non-OA articles published in the same journal. OA is likely to benefit science by accelerating dissemination and uptake of research findings. PMID:16683865

Eysenbach, Gunther

2006-05-01

226

Transgenic mouse lines expressing rat AH receptor variants - A new animal model for research on AH receptor function and dioxin toxicity mechanisms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Han/Wistar (Kuopio; H/W) rats are exceptionally resistant to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity mainly because of their mutated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) gene. In H/W rats, altered splicing of the AHR mRNA generates two AHR proteins: deletion (DEL) and insertion (INS) variants, with the INS isoform being predominantly expressed. To gain further insight into their functional properties, cDNAs of these and rat wild-type (rWT) isoform were transferred into C57BL/6J-derived mice by microinjection. The endogenous mouse AHR was eliminated by selective crossing with Ahr-null mice. A single mouse line was obtained for each of the three constructs. The AHR mRNA levels in tissues were generally close to those of C57BL/6 mice in INS and DEL mice and somewhat higher in rWT mice; in testis, however, all 3 constructs exhibited marked overexpression. The transgenic mouse lines were phenotypically normal except for increased testis weight. Induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes by TCDD occurred similarly to that in C57BL/6 mice, but there tended to be a correlation with AHR concentrations, especially in testis. In contrast to C57BL/6 mice, the transgenics did not display any major gender difference in susceptibility to the acute lethality and hepatotoxicity of TCDD; rWT mice were highly sensitive, DEL mice moderately resistant and INS mice highly resistant. Co-expression of mouse AHR and rWT resulted in augmented sensitivity to TCDD and abolished the natural resistance of female C57BL/6 mice, whereas mice co-expressing mouse AHR and INS were resistant. Thus, these transgenic mouse lines provide a novel promising tool for molecular studies on dioxin toxicity and AHR function.

227

Recompressed exfoliated graphite articles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This invention provides an electrically conductive, less anisotropic, recompressed exfoliated graphite article comprising a mixture of (a) expanded or exfoliated graphite flakes; and (b) particles of non-expandable graphite or carbon, wherein the non-expandable graphite or carbon particles are in the amount of between about 3% and about 70% by weight based on the total weight of the particles and the expanded graphite flakes combined; wherein the mixture is compressed to form the article having an apparent bulk density of from about 0.1 g/cm.sup.3 to about 2.0 g/cm.sup.3. The article exhibits a thickness-direction conductivity typically greater than 50 S/cm, more typically greater than 100 S/cm, and most typically greater than 200 S/cm. The article, when used in a thin foil or sheet form, can be a useful component in a sheet molding compound plate used as a fuel cell separator or flow field plate. The article may also be used as a current collector for a battery, supercapacitor, or any other electrochemical cell.

Zhamu, Aruna; Shi, Jinjun; Guo, Jiusheng; Jang, Bor Z

2013-08-06

228

Mapping and Manipulating Facial Expression  

Science.gov (United States)

Nonverbal visual cues accompany speech to supplement the meaning of spoken words, signify emotional state, indicate position in discourse, and provide back-channel feedback. This visual information includes head movements, facial expressions and body gestures. In this article we describe techniques for manipulating both verbal and nonverbal facial…

Theobald, Barry-John; Matthews, Iain; Mangini, Michael; Spies, Jeffrey R.; Brick, Timothy R.; Cohn, Jeffrey F.; Boker, Steven M.

2009-01-01

229

Neutron absorbing article  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A neutron absorbing article, in flat plate form and suitable for use in a storage rack for spent fuel, includes boron carbide particles, diluent particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix binding the boron carbide and diluent particles. The total conent of boron carbide and diluent particles is a major proportion of the article and the content of cured phenolic polymer present is a minor proportion. By regulation of the ratio of boron carbide particles to diluent particles, normally within the range of 1:9 and 9:1 and preferably within the range of 1:5 to 5:1, the neutron absorbing activity of the product may be controlled, which facilitates the manufacture of articles of particular absorbing activities best suitable for specific applications

230

ABRF-MARG RESEARCH STUDY: EVALUATION OF SMALL SAMPLE NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING  

Science.gov (United States)

Microarrays have had a significant impact on many areas of biology. However, there are still many fertile research areas that would benefit from microarray analysis but are limited by the amount of biological material that can be obtained (e.g. samples obtained by small biopsy, f...

231

Neutron absorbing article  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A neutron-absorbing article suitable for use in spent fuel racks is described. It comprises boron carbide particles, diluent particles, and a phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix. The diluent may be silicon carbide, graphite, amorphous carbon, alumina, or silica. The combined boron carbide-diluent phase contains no more than 2 percent B2O3, and the neutron-absorbing article contains from 20 to 40 percent phenol resin. The ratio of boron carbide to diluent particles is in the range 1:9 to 9:1

232

Research Summaries  

Science.gov (United States)

This column features summaries of research articles from 3 recent crisis management publications. The first, "School Shootings and Counselor Leadership: Four Lessons from the Field" summarized by Kristi Fenning, was conducted as the result of the increased demand for trained crisis personnel on school campuses. Survey participants were leaders…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2010-01-01

233

Research Preparation in Kinesiology  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses research preparation for graduate students. A major assumption is that preparation needs to be differentiated based on a student's goals. Since this is a personal proposal for research preparation, based on experience and the literature, I begin the article providing my perspective since that frames what follows. The next…

Silverman, Stephen

2012-01-01

234

PCA facial expression recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores and compares techniques for automatically recognizing facial actions in sequences of images. The comparative study of Facial Expression Recognition (FER) techniques namely Principal Component's analysis (PCA) and PCA with Gabor filters (GF) is done. The objective of this research is to show that PCA with Gabor filters is superior to the first technique in terms of recognition rate. To test and evaluates their performance, experiments are performed using real database by both techniques. The universally accepted five principal emotions to be recognized are: Happy, Sad, Disgust and Angry along with Neutral. The recognition rates are obtained on all the facial expressions.

El-Hori, Inas H.; El-Momen, Zahraa K.; Ganoun, Ali

2013-12-01

235

Mouse models of mantle cell lymphoma, complex changes in gene expression and phenotype of engrafted MCL cells: implications for preclinical research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive type of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) associated with poor prognosis. Animal models of MCL are scarce. We established and characterized various in vivo models of metastatic human MCL by tail vein injection of either primary cells isolated from patients with MCL or established MCL cell lines (Jeko-1, Mino, Rec-1, Hbl-2, and Granta-519) into immunodeficient NOD.Cg-Prkdc(scid) Il2rg(tm1Wjl)/SzJ mice. MCL infiltration was assessed with immunohistochemistry (tissues) and flow cytometry (peripheral blood). Engraftment of primary MCL cells was observed in 7 out of 12 patient samples. The pattern of engraftment of primary MCL cells varied from isolated involvement of the spleen to multiorgan infiltration. On the other hand, tumor engraftment was achieved in all five MCL cell lines used and lymphoma involvement of murine bone marrow, spleen, liver, and brain was observed. Overall survival of xenografted mice ranged from 22 ± 1 to 54 ± 3 days depending on the cell line used. Subsequently, we compared the gene expression profile (GEP) and phenotype of the engrafted MCL cells compared with the original in vitro growing cell lines (controls). We demonstrated that engrafted MCL cells displayed complex changes of GEP, protein expression, and sensitivity to cytotoxic agents when compared with controls. We further demonstrated that our MCL mouse models could be used to test the therapeutic activity of systemic chemotherapy, monoclonal antibodies, or angiogenesis inhibitors. The characterization of MCL murine models is likely to aid in improving our knowledge in the disease biology and to assist scientists in the preclinical and clinical development of novel agents in relapsed/refractory MCL patients. PMID:24862967

Klanova, Magdalena; Soukup, Tomas; Jaksa, Radek; Molinsky, Jan; Lateckova, Lucie; Maswabi, Bokang C L; Prukova, Dana; Brezinova, Jana; Michalova, Kyra; Vockova, Petra; Hernandez-Ilizaliturri, Francisco; Kulvait, Vojtech; Zivny, Jan; Vokurka, Martin; Necas, Emanuel; Trneny, Marek; Klener, Pavel

2014-07-01

236

The Research Results of the Linear Electromagnetic Motor Mathematical Model Tiesiaeigio elektromagnetinio variklio matematinio modelio tyrimo rezultatai  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Development of the mathematical model of the linear electromagnetic motor and the dependencies of the inductance and traction force on the secondary element position expressed by mathematical equations, are presented in this research article. The dependency of the inductance on the secondary element position was obtained, approximating the inductance change diagram obtained experimental...

Marijanas Molis

2010-01-01

237

Controversial article on geonomastics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article aims to discuss, firstly, the substantiation of a new discipline within the applied onomastics with a short excursion into the historical domain, its relationship to other sub-disciplines, then its difference from toponymics, and finally to give an example of contemporary works at the intersection of geography, linguistics, onomastics, cartography, map semantics and others.

Evgeny Shokhenmayer

2010-01-01

238

Article retraction notice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available (retraction The article 'Prognostic significance of acute bundle branch block in patients with acute myocardial infarction' by Mijailovi? V, Mrdovi? I, Ili? M, Ašanin M, Srdi? M, Raji? D was retracted at the request of the editors because the authors had infringed the normal professional and ethical codes by submitting the above article to the Vojnosnitetski pregled after an article with substantial overlap of its content (patients, methods,results and conclusions had been accepted for publication and published in another journal, ABC - ?asopis urgentne medicine. (1 Mijailovi? V, Mrdovi? I, Ili? M, Ašanin M, Srdi? M, Raji? D. 'Prognostic significance of acute bundle branch block in patients with acute myocardial infarction' Vojnosanit Pregl 2008; 65(10: 733-7. (Serbian (2 Mijailovi? V, Mrdovi? I, Ili? M, Peruni?i? J, Ašanin M, Lasica R, Savi? L, Srdi? M, Jozi? T, Raji? D, Terzi? B, Mati? D, Mati? M, Vasiljevi? Z. 'Prognostic significance of acute bundle branch block with patients suffering from myocardial infarction'. ABC - ?asopis urgentne medicine 2007; 7(2-3: 104-8. (Serbian .

Link to the retracted article 10.2298/VSP0810733M

Uredništvo

2009-01-01

239

Controversial article on geonomastics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article aims to discuss, firstly, the substantiation of a new discipline within the applied onomastics with a short excursion into the historical domain, its relationship to other sub-disciplines, then its difference from toponymics, and finally to give an example of contemporary works at the intersection of geography, linguistics, onomastics, cartography, map semantics and others.

Evgeny Shokhenmayer

2010-01-01

240

The Gifted Enigma: A Collection of Articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Twenty-one research articles originally published in the "Australasian Journal of Gifted Education" over the past decade are collected in this book and address aspects of gifted education including pedagogy and curriculum, policy and practice, social and emotional needs, school and family, neuropsychology and cognition, and special populations.…

Vialle, Wilma, Ed.; Geake, John, Ed.

 
 
 
 
241

Statement of retraction. Cardioprotective effect of resveratrol via HO-1 expression involves p38 map kinase and PI-3-kinase signaling, but does not involve NFkB.  

Science.gov (United States)

Free Radical Research, October 2006; 40(10): 1066-1075 (Received 30 March 2006) The Editor, Editorial Board and Publisher of Free Radical Research hereby retract the following article from publication in the journal: SAMARJIT DAS, CESAR G. FRAGA & DIPAK K. DAS. 2006. Cardioprotective effect of resveratrol via HO-1 expression involves p38 map kinase and PI-3-kinase signaling, but does not involve NFkB. Free Radical Research, October 2006; 40(10): 1066-1075. This article has been found to contain fabricated data during a research misconduct investigation by the University of Connecticut Health Center. Specifically, the institution has determined that images appearing in Figure 4 of that paper contain instances of data fabrication. As a consequence, and as per accepted best practice, the article is withdrawn from all print and electronic editions. PMID:22339484

Davies, Michael; Roulleau, Joris

2012-03-01

242

Analysis of the journal articles of medical imaging by bibliometrics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To evaluate the development status, character and trends of medical imaging. Methods: The articles published on >, > and > from 1983 to 1996 were analyzed by bibliometrics and compared with the articles published on > and > of USA. Results: total numbers of the published articles were increasing gradually in these years. But, the rate of increase was not equal among different research fields. For example, the number of research articles of CT, MR and Interventional Radiography were increasing more quickly than that of X ray. It was also found that the development status and trends of medical imaging were different between China and America. Most research articles published in the journals of America in 1996 were about MR, whereas CT ranked first in china in the same year. Conclusion: Medical imaging develops very quickly in recent years. The emphasis of research and development has switched over from traditional X ray to new fields or techniques, such as Ct, MR and interventional radiology

243

Expressive Typography  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the things that many post-secondary graphic-design schools look for in student portfolios is one or two typography projects with hand-rendered type. At Merivale High School, junior graphic-design classes work with traditional media, and every year they receive an assignment that encourages them to play with letter forms. In this article,…

Osterer, Irv

2012-01-01

244

Animal research  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article presents the ethical issues in animal research using a combined approach of ethical theory and analysis of scientific findings with bearing on the ethical analysis. The article opens with a general discussion of the moral acceptability of animal use in research. The use of animals in research is analyzed from the viewpoint of three distinct ethical approaches: contractarianism, utilitarianism, and animal rights view. On a contractarian view, research on animals is only an ethical issue to the extent that other humans as parties to the social contract care about how research animals are faring. From the utilitarian perspective, the use of sentient animals in research that may harm them is an ethical issue, but harm done to animals can be balanced by benefit generated for humans and other animals. The animal rights view, when thoroughgoing, is abolitionist as regards the use of animals in science (as in any other human use that is not also in the animals’ best interest). These views are not compatible, and since all three views in more or less pure form are found in modern Western societies, use of animals for research is bound to cause controversy. However, there may be room for some kind of compromise where adherents of each view compromise on some points. The ethical basis for the mainstream view of the use of animals in research is analyzed in this light. In the second part of the article, scientific information about the use of animals in research (and in particular the harm and benefit of such use) is analyzed in the light of ethical questions that seem to be pertinent against the background of a mainstream compromise view.

Olsson, I.A.S.; SandØe, Peter

2012-01-01

245

Strategy and research programs on the long life high activity radioactive wastes management (concerning the article L542 of the environment code, of the law of the 30 December 1991). Knowledge and perspectives  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Describing the research strategy and the programs around the three axis, separation and transmutation - deep underground storage - conditioning and long time disposal, this document is a reference concerning the research programs of the law of the 30 December 1991. This 2004 edition presents the historical approach and the main context, the objectives, the methods and criteria followed, the research program organization and implemented coordination structures. It provides also the results of the last ten years. (A.L.B.)

246

Effectively Communicating Qualitative Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is a guide for counseling researchers wishing to communicate the methods and results of their qualitative research to varied audiences. The authors posit that the first step in effectively communicating qualitative research is the development of strong qualitative research skills. To this end, the authors review a process model for…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Grieger, Ingrid

2007-01-01

247

The Relevance of People’s Attitudes Towards Freedom of Expression in a Changing Media Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article outlines arguments for the relevance of people’s attitudes towards freedom of expression: It is a fundamental principle of democracy that if a virtue does not receive support from the population, it will not be anchored in law and its foundation is endangered in the medium term. People’s support for free speech is becoming even more influential because authoritative control of internet communication is faced with difficulties. Furthermore, with the development of social media users gain new opportunities to publicly express their opinions attaching even more importance to normative self-regulation. As a matter of fact, these increased opportunities of self-regulation may either enhance or decrease the exercise of expression rights. Thus, citizen’s endorsement of free expression is a valuable indicator of the status of freedom of expression in a country. To approach to the subject empirically, the paper systematizes findings on people’s attitudes towards free speech: Most people believe in freedom of expression in the abstract. Willingness to apply the right to opposing groups, however, is lower. Perceived threats, confidence in democratic principles, mode of communication, and personality variables influence tolerance of expressions. Finally, a research agenda is put forward to examine appreciation of free expression, its antecedence, and implications.

Teresa K. NAAB

2012-01-01

248

Expression of concern.  

Science.gov (United States)

EXPRESSION OF CONCERNExperimental Physiology has been informed by Bente Klarlund Pedersen, MD, DMSc, Professor of Integrative Medicine, Director of the Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases and CMRC Rigshospitalet at the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark, of concerns about the validity of some of the data contained in an article published in the journal (Penkowa M, Keller P, Keller C, Hidalgo J, Giralt M, Pedersen BK. Exercise-induced metallothionein expression in human skeletal muscle fibres. Exp Physiol 2005 Jul; 90(4), 477-486; published ahead of print Jan 7, 2005, doi:10.1113/expphysiol.2004.029371) and informed us that this matter is being investigated as part of a larger investigation into a more extensive body of published work. While awaiting the outcome of our investigations and further correspondence with the authors, The Editor-in-Chief, Paul McLoughlin, wishes to notify readers of our concerns regarding this article. PMID:21610136

McLoughlin, Paul

2011-05-24

249

Dense ceramic articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A method is described for the manufacture of articles of substantially pure dense ceramic materials, for use in severe environments. Si N is very suitable for use in such environments, but suffers from the disadvantage that it is not amenable to sintering. Some disadvantages of the methods normally used for making articles of Si N are mentioned. The method described comprises mixing a powder of the substantially pure ceramic material with an additive that promotes densification, and which is capable of nuclear transmutation into a gas when exposed to radiation, and hot pressing the mixture to form a billet. The billet is then irradiated to convert the additive into a gas which is held captive in the billet, and it is then subjected to a hot forging operation, during which the captive gas escapes and an article of substantially pure dense ceramic material is forged. The method is intended primarily for use for Si N, but may be applied to other ceramic materials. The additive may be Li or Be or their compounds, to the extent of at least 5 ppm and not more than 5% by weight. Irradiation is effected by proton or neutron bombardment. (UK)

250

The Pragmatics of Branding : An Application of Dewey's Theory of Aesthetic Expression  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article aims to explore the potential of Dewey's theory of aesthetic expression to expand knowledge about aesthetics in branding and better understand how brands work. The paper aims to mine the pragmatic theory of aesthetic expression as involving artistry, intention and imagination to reveal the role beauty plays alongside usefulness in defining and refining brand image and meaning. Design/methodology/approach: Dewey's dialectical method of holistically combining tensions such as beauty and usefulness is applied to brand theory and used to critique current brand management practices. Findings: The application of the theory of aesthetic expression emphasizes: understanding humans holistically in order to explain how beauty and expression create value and enrich lives; redefining brand ownership and use to accommodate the aesthetic ways people handle expression/expressiveness; and managing brands with appreciation of how beauty empowers them to attract users. Research limitations/implications: Seven dialectical tensions featured in Dewey's theory are identified and developed into holistic propositions for the future study of brands and branding: beauty/usefulness, act/object, inner/outer material, private/public, expression/statement, appreciation/control, symbolic/instrumental. Practical implications: The primary practical implication derived from application of the theory of aesthetic expression to brands and branding is that the most beautiful brands emerge from acts of co-creation that respect the artistry, intention and imagination of the brand's stakeholders. Originality/value: The article offers increased depth to the study of the expressive/emotional/aesthetic aspects of branding and offers an enriched aesthetic foundation for studying and practicing brand co-creation

Hatch, Mary Jo

2012-01-01

251

DIGITAL EXPRESS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Digital Express es el caso de una empresa familiar que como muchas ha crecido con base en las fortalezas y visión de su propietaria fundadora, pero que en su estructura administrativa no se ha acomodado a las situaciones de los nuevos mercados que está atendiendo y a los requerimientos de sus client [...] es. Digital Express muestra la situación poco productiva a que se enfrentan las empresas familiares cuando el fundador sin darse cuenta del crecimiento que viene alcanzando su empresa continúa centrando todo el poder y realizando labores en todas las áreas. Abstract in english Digital Express reflects the situation of a family business which, like many others, has grown based on its founding owner´s strengths and vision. Despite its growth, the administrative structure of the company has not adjusted to the situation of the new markets it serves and its customer´s require [...] ments. Digital Express shows a lowly productive situation that family businesses face when, unaware of the growth their company is achieving, business owners continue to centralize all power, thereby performing tasks in all the areas themselves.

CARLOS ALBERTO, AREÍZA V.; DIANA, MADRIGAL; ANA MARÍA, LEÓN; PAULA, MARTÍNEZ; HERMAN, HERLEIN.

252

Research in business ethics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research in business ethics is vital for the expansion and credibility of this fairly recent academic field. This article argues that there are three factors that are crucially important for research in business ethics. They are (a the ontological assumptions that research in this field is premised upon, (b the choice of research strategies and methodologies and (c the role of theory in research practice. Each of these three factors is explored and pitfalls relating to each of them are identified. The article also suggests guidelines for dealing with each of these factors in business ethics research.

G.J. Rossouw

2001-08-01

253

Research strategy and programs about the management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (by right of the article L542 of the environment law and belonging to the December 30, 1991 law)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document has been prepared by the French public organizations on charge of the researches about the management of radioactive wastes in the framework of the law from December 30, 1991. It was presented at the national commission of evaluation on March 6, 2002. It comprises 6 chapters dealing with: 1 - the methodology, structuration and implementation of researches: main goals; products of the back-end of the fuel cycle and evaluation of fluxes; technical structuration of programs; researches consistency, complementarity and priority; criteria of appreciation of researches relevance; 2 - the main results after 10 years of researches in the framework of the 1991 law: abatement of wastes noxiousness; wastes conditioning; long-term storage; studies on geological disposal; 3 - the main steps towards 2006: separation and transmutation; underground disposal; conditioning and long-term behaviour; 4 - presentation and analysis of research programs: separation-transmutation; feasibility of a deep geologic disposal (clay, granite); conditioning and storage (containers, storage and long-term behaviour); 5 - coordination: authorities, share of data, research programs; 6 - international collaborations; appendixes. (J.S.)

254

How to appropriately choose research subjects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: The research subject is the first key element of the three key elements in the research design. An appropriate selection of research subjects is crucial to the success of the research. This article summarizes the general principles for the selection of research subjects, the types and numbers of research subjects and the common mistakes that researchers tend to make in the selection of the research subjects. This article also provides the methodology suggestions for the selection of research subjects.

Liang-ping Hu

2011-03-01

255

Online handwritten mathematical expression recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a system for recognizing online, handwritten mathematical expressions. The system is designed with a user-interface for writing scientific articles, supporting the recognition of basic mathematical expressions as well as integrals, summations, matrices etc. A feed-forward neural network recognizes symbols which are assumed to be single-stroke and a recursive algorithm parses the expression by combining neural network output and the structure of the expression. Preliminary results show that writer-dependent recognition rates are very high (99.8%) while writer-independent symbol recognition rates are lower (75%). The interface associated with the proposed system integrates the built-in recognition capabilities of the Microsoft's Tablet PC API for recognizing textual input and supports conversion of hand-drawn figures into PNG format. This enables the user to enter text, mathematics and draw figures in a single interface. After recognition, all output is combined into one LATEX code and compiled into a PDF file.

Büyükbayrak, Hakan; Yanikoglu, Berrin; Erçil, Aytül

2007-01-01

256

Research by design - a research strategy  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract The idea of an expressive component in research is important to the architectural industry. The expressive element - the possibility of expressing the qualitative aspects of the world and adding something new to the existing through experiments and proposals - is characteristic for the field. All research environments, in the science tradition and in the humanities, have their characteristics. On the one hand, they live up to certain common scientific and methodological criteria - originality and transparency - on the other hand they have different practices, using different methods. Research is ‘coloured’ by traditions and professions, and research in architecture should be coloured too, taking in consideration that the practise of architects stretch from natural science and sociology to art, and because the most important way in which the architect achieves new cognition is through the work with form and space – drawings, models and completed works. Probably all good design is informed by some kind of researchresearch based design. But can research arise from design?

Hauberg, JØrgen

257

La difusión de las investigaciones y el formato IMRYD: Una pesquisa a propósito de la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos / The dissemination of research and the IMRYD format: a screennig apropos of the critical reading of the scientific articles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se estudia la importancia del formato IMRYD -Introducción, Métodos, Resultados y Discusión- para la organización del artículo científico entre los investigadores y profesores de mercadeo y organización de empresas. Con vistas a identificar qué aspectos consideran más importantes en esta estructura, [...] se interrogó a 143 catedráticos de las áreas referidas. Una vez informatizados los datos recogidos, se aplicó el modelo de Rasch para determinar los aspectos considerados como los más importantes por el grupo de expertos consultados. Los especialistas consultados señalaron un total de 20 aspectos como los más relevantes para evaluar la calidad de un artículo científico. Finalmente, a partir de lo indicado por los expertos consultados, se conformó una guía para la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos en las áreas del mercadeo y la organización empresarial. Abstract in english The importance of the format IMRYD -Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion- for the organization of the scientific article among the investigators and professors of marketing and businesses organization is studied. 143 professors of the referred areas were interviewed in order to know which a [...] re the aspects considered by them as the most important in this structure. Once the collected data were computerized, Rasch's model was applied to determine the aspects chosen as the most significant by the group of experts consulted. These specialists indicated a total of 20 aspects as the most relevant to evaluate the quality of a scientific article. Finally, from the aspects mentioned by the experts consulted, a guide for the critical reading of the scientific articles in the areas of marketing and business organization was made.

Julio, García del Junco; Mario, Castellanos Verdugo.

2007-01-01

258

Funciones discursivas de la evaluación negativa en informes de arbitraje de artículos de investigación / Fonctions discursives de l’évaluation négative dans des rapports d’arbitrage d’articles de recherche dans le domaine de l’éducation / Discourse functions of negative evaluation in peer review reports of research articles in education / Funções discursivas da avaliação negativa em relatórios de arbitragem de artigos de pesquisa em educação  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho tem como intuito identificar as funções discursivas da avaliação negativa nos relatórios de arbitragem de artigos de pesquisa que serão publicados numa revista da área de educação. O estudo é qualitativo por ter analisado corpus e faz ênfase nas avaliações com um “não” avaliativo. Foi [...] utilizado um corpus de 51 relatórios escritos por pares acadêmicos. Foram analisados 158 trechos textuais nos que foram identificadas as funções discursivas de acordo com os parâmetros linguísticos, normativos e cognitivos. Como resultado, apareceram quatro funções discursivas predominantes que denominamos: detrativa, corretiva, epistêmica e relacionante. Cada uma destas funções avalia aspectos do artigo: o que não aparece, o que não está certo, o que não está claro, o que não está permitido. O estudo oferece informação importante para editores de revistas, árbitros e autores destacando a relevância do relatório de arbitragem como gênero acadêmico de avaliação no sistema de avaliação por pares, a respeito de uma disciplina específica nas Humanidades. Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to identify the discourse functions of negative evaluation in peer reviews of research articles submitted to a Venezuelan journal in the area of education. A corpus-based qualitative study is carried out focusing mainly on evaluation with evaluative “no”. The corpus consists [...] of 51 peer review reports. A total of 158 textual segments are analyzed with reference to linguistic, normative and cognitive parameters of evaluation. As a result, four main discourse functions emerge from the data, which have been called: detractive, corrective, epistemic and relational. Each one of these functions evaluates aspects of the article: what is not present, what is not correct, what is not clear, and what is not allowed. The study offers important information to journal editors, reviewers and authors, and highlights the relevance of the peer review report as an academic evaluative genre in the peer reviewing system, with respect to a specific discipline in the humanities.

Adriana, Bolívar.

2011-12-01

259

Expression, Description, and Conscious Belief  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper reviews expressivism with respect to statements of the form “I believe that p”. The expressivist holds that the statement “I believe it is raining” is an expression and not a description of the belief that it is raining. The article proposes a variation of expressivism according to which such a statement expresses the conscious belief that it is raining, in the sense of Brentano’s theory of consciousness. The content of the conscious belief that it is raining is that is raining and that the believer believes that it is raining.

Javier Vidal López

2014-04-01

260

Tracing scientist's research trends realtimely  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this research, we propose a method to trace scientists' research trends realtimely. By monitoring the downloads of scientific articles in the journal of Scientometrics for 744 hours, namely one month, we investigate the download statistics. Then we aggregate the keywords in these downloaded research papers, and analyze the trends of article downloading and keyword downloading. Furthermore, taking both the download of keywords and articles into consideration, we design a m...

Wang, Xianwen; Wang, Zhi; Xu, Shenmeng

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Automatic Facial Expression Analysis A Survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Automatic Facial Expression Recognition has been one of the latest research topic since1990’s.There have been recent advances in detecting face, facial expression recognition andclassification. There are multiple methods devised for facial feature extraction which helps in identifyingface and facial expressions. This paper surveys some of the published work since 2003 till date. Variousmethods are analysed to identify the Facial expression. The Paper also discusses about the facialparam...

Sumathi, C. P.; Santhanam, T.; Mahadevi, M.

2013-01-01

262

CurioCity: Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

The CurioCity E-Zine from LetâÂÂs Talk Science is geared toward precocious teens, but there is plenty for adults to enjoy as well. Readers can browse articles in a variety of subjects, including Consumer Science, Entertainment, Environment, Health, In the News, Sports, and Tech Buzz. Typical offerings include gems like âÂÂThrowaway Sex Organsâ (re: sea slugs) and âÂÂCan Eating Peanuts Cure Peanut Allergies?â The site also offers dozens of short videos on topics as diverse as Neil Armstrong on Being an Engineer, and The Math and Mystery of Murmurations. Also, dig into the Themes section, where topics are divided by Biotechnology, Sky Science, and Spotlight on Energy. Teachers will especially want to explore the Educators link, where they can register for free curriculum-based, classroom-ready resources on STEM subjects.

263

Deployed research.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility (Field Hospital) in Camp Bastion (R3 Bastion) is acknowledged to be one of the busiest dedicated trauma facilities in the world. Casualties typically present with severe injuries and in physiological extremis. These casualties form a unique cohort representing the most relevant population to evaluate the effectiveness of treating battlefield injuries as academic clinicians and scientists interested in trauma seek to improve outcomes for such patients in the future. This article describes four separate but related research projects that have been undertaken in Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, over the last year. They traverse the spectrum of clinical research, ranging from data collection to a randomised control trial. The aim is to discuss some of the problems encountered and the solutions that made it possible to undertake research in a theatre of operations, thereby providing a starting point for others who may wish to initiate research in a similar environment. PMID:24786340

Nordmann, Giles; Woolley, T; Doughty, H; Dalle Lucca, J; Hutchings, S; Kirkman, E

2014-06-01

264

Writing a Research Paper  

Science.gov (United States)

The value of research and the career of a university lecturer depend heavily on the success in publishing scientific papers. This article reviews the guidelines for writing and submitting research papers. The three most important success criteria in publishing are as follows: the paper describes a good research, it is written according to the…

Mikk, Jaan

2006-01-01

265

Nano Research Journal  

Science.gov (United States)

Nano Research is a peer-reviewed, international and interdisciplinary research journal that focuses on all aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Submissions are solicited in all topical areas, ranging from basic aspects of the science of nanoscale materials to practical applications of such materials. Nano Research is an open-access journal, making all research results freely available online.Nano Research offers readers an attractive mix of authoritative and comprehensive Reviews, original cutting-edge research in Communication and Full Paper formats. Rapid review to ensure quick publication is a key feature of Nano Research.Articles in Nano Research are accessible free of charge in 2008 and 2009.

2010-10-13

266

Transforming Interior Spaces: Enriching Subjective Experiences Through Design Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores tacit knowledge of lived experience and how this form of knowledge relates to design research. It investigates how interior designers interpret user lived experiences when creating designed environments. The article argues that user experience is the basis of a form of knowledge that is useful for designers. The theoretical framework proposed in the article examines the nature of user experience and how it can be utilized in the design process. The study of lived experiences is contextualized within aesthetic, subjective, and functional aspects of the interior design process, which requires users to express their meanings and needs. A case study is described to illustrate the various stages of this process.

Tiiu Poldma

2010-01-01

267

Private Collection of Geochemistry and Oceanography Articles Available  

Science.gov (United States)

It's time! I'm disposing of a 37-year career's worth of books and other scientific materials in geochemistry and oceanography. Ordinarily, reprints of articles have little value. However, in the course of my research, I assembled what may be the world's most comprehensive private collection of articles on marine ferromanganese deposits up to the late 1980s. It includes foreign language materials, especially Russian language articles. Soviet researchers played an active role in this field (I cooperated with them and was a guest of the Soviet Academy).

Manheim, Frank T.

2014-05-01

268

Free Expression Clearinghouse  

Science.gov (United States)

Composed and maintained by the Free Expression Network (FEN), which is dedicated to protecting the right of free expression and opposing governmental efforts to suppress this constitutionally protected right, this Web site is primarily designed to provide an array of information on First Amendment issues to the Internet community. Providing valuable information for First Amendment advocates and researchers, this site contains up-to-date news stories on First Amendment issues from around the nation, as well as court and congressional hearings dating back from 1998 to the present. The site also contains news stories on censorship issues, violations, and lawsuits in the fields of art, printed media, music, television, and video games. Although the site is user-friendly, viewers should be aware that hyperlinks from the home page take a few moments to access.

269

Teaching Qualitative Research to Practitioner-Researchers  

Science.gov (United States)

Practitioner-researchers are well-positioned to apply qualitative methods to the study of significant problems of educational practice. However, while learning the skills of qualitative inquiry, practitioners may be compelled by forces outside of qualitative research classrooms to think quantitatively. In this article, the author considers two…

Cox, Rebecca D.

2012-01-01

270

Teaching Qualitative Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Explicitly qualitative research has never before been so popular in human geography, and this article hopes to encourage more graduate students and faculty members to undertake the teaching of qualitative geography. The article describes one such course for graduate students, highlighting its challenges and rewards, and focusing on exercises…

Delyser, Dydia

2008-01-01

271

Articles related to \\  

... Garlic-fed cows combat global warming - 04 August 2011 Reducing farm animalsrsquo; wind by adding garlic to feed could substantially reduce greenhouse emissions, according to research by West Walesrsquo; scientists featured by Euronews. Food industry ponders water indicators in farming - 21 October 2010 Large multinational food companies are currently looking at indicators farmers could use to show progress in saving water. Peter Erik Ywema, ...

272

Industry Trends in Research Support and Links to Public Research  

Science.gov (United States)

... dollars. Similarly, industry financing of its own applied research decreased by about 16 percent ... and refocusing of corporate R&D. Coauthorship of journal articles by U.S. industrial researchers ...

273

Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / research and development of a reverse engineering system for local industrial articles (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / chiiki kogeihin muke reverse engineering system no kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper described the fiscal 1997 result of the research on the application of local industrial article use reverse engineering (RE, it had been regarded as imitation and reproduction technology, but has recently been as a part of the production information integration). With the actual local industrial article as standard, which has features in design and was added with local traditionality, such as glass having 3D free-form surface, 3D shape information modeling technology RE is developed, and a system for direct automatic metal mold processing is established, aiming at shortening of delivery date, cost reduction and higher grade. The target of the research is Okinawa prefecture. In fiscal 1997, study was made of the speeding-up of the non-contact 3D shape information inputting (multi-point simultaneous inputting by CCD of the laser reflected light of the actual model) and the data storage technology. Cast iron was selected as molding materials, judging from reactivity/machinability with heat resistant glass. Also studied was the blend of glass materials suitable for press forming. Further, studies were proceeded with of development of intellectual cutting tools into which sensor function is integrated and of virtual reality for facilitating/accelerating the design up to metal mold manufacturing. 39 refs., 88 figs., 21 tabs.

NONE

1998-03-01

274

Accommodating Translational Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This is an article in a series illustrating the way scholars in communication have pursued translating their research into practice. The translational nature of communication accommodation theory and examples of its application are the focus of this contribution.

Giles, Howard

2008-01-01

275

PERSONALITY STRUCTURE RESEARCH ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article contains current approaches to research of personality structure as one of the basic characteristics of a person, besides; the author’s model of personality based on its external aim is presented

Ostroushko M. G.

2011-12-01

276

Gene sets involved in prostate cancer based on differential expression  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men. In spite of on-going researches in this filed, the specific causes of prostate cancer are so far unknown. In this study, we used two methods of Gene Set Analysis to improve the biological interpretation of the observed expression patterns in prostate cancer. The Gene Set Analysis is a computational method to discover gene sets whose expression is associated with a phenotype of interest. In addition, we used these methods to search gene sets defined by KEGG and BioCarta. Although, our results showed that most of the gene sets were associated with prostate cancer in the Category and Hotelling’s T2 methods, the power of the Hotelling’s T2 was more than Category method in either KEGG or BioCarta gene sets. The concordance between the results of Pubmed articles and KEGG gene sets was more than the results of Pubmed articles and BioCarta gene sets.

Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaee

2012-01-01

277

The Effects of Pose On Facial Expression Recognition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Research into facial expression recognition has predominantly been based upon near frontal view data. However, a recent 3D facial expression database (BU-3DFE database) has allowed empirical investigation of facial expression recognition across pose. In this paper, we investigate the effects of pose from frontal to profile view on facial expression recognition. Experiments are carried out on 100 subjects with 5 yaw angles over 6 prototypical expressions. Expressions have 4 leve...

Moore, S.; Bowden, R.

2009-01-01

278

The Function of Discourse Markers in Arabic Newspaper Opinion Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examines the function of discourse markers in Arabic newspaper opinion articles. In this study, discourse markers are not only connecting- words that contribute to the cohesion of text, but they are also crucial tools for achieving communicative act in the text. These expressions that come from different grammatical classes and…

Al Kohlani, Fatima A.

2010-01-01

279

Recognition, Expression, and Understanding Facial Expressions of Emotion in Adolescents with Nonverbal and General Learning Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD) have been found to be worse at recognizing facial expressions than children with verbal learning disabilities (LD) and without LD. However, little research has been done with adolescents. In addition, expressing and understanding facial expressions is yet to be studied among adolescents with LD…

Bloom, Elana; Heath, Nancy

2010-01-01

280

Estrategias académicas de inserción científica: una propuesta metodológica para el estudio de las reivindicaciones epistémicas en los artículos de investigación / Stratégies Universitaires d'Insertion Scientifique: Une Proposition Méthodologique pour l'étude des Revendications épistémiques dans les Articles de Recherche / Academic Strategies for Scientific Insertion: A Methodological Proposal to Study Epistemic Claims Found in Research Articles / Estratégias acadêmicas de inserção científica: uma proposta metodológica para o estudio das reivindicações epistêmicas nos artígos de pesquisas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese As reivindicações epistêmicas são atos graças aos que os responsáveis encaminham socialmente o saber ora ativado. No mundo acadêmico, as reivindicações epistêmicas associam-se com conteúdos específicos que um autor desfralda após escrever um artigo de investigação. Se bem existem métodos diversos pa [...] ra analisar a construção coletiva do conhecimento, não existem propostas específicas que permitam uma descrição do modo como essas reivindicações são socialmente inseridas numa comunidade científica. é nesse âmbito que este artigo apresenta um método interdisciplinar para estudar a forma em que os autores de artigos científicos incluem, utilizando citações, as suas reivindicações epistêmicas na comunidade científica. Apresentaremos uma tipologia das reivindicações epistêmicas, onde diferenciamos em função do tipo de conteúdo que as mesmas promovem as reivindicações teóricas, metodológicas e performativas. Os resultados mostram que o tipo de reivindicação epistêmica associa-se à estratégia de citação. O método que oferecemos contribui ao estudo da construção coletiva do conhecimento, já que permite diferenciar as estratégias acadêmicas que os autores ativam e o tipo de conhecimento reivindicado. Abstract in spanish Las reivindicaciones epistémicas son actos a través de los cuales los actores sitúan socialmente el saber que movilizan. En el mundo académico, las reivindicaciones epistémicas se asocian a los contenidos específicos que un autor despliega al escribir un artículo de investigación. Si bien existen mé [...] todos diversos para analizar la construcción colectiva del conocimiento, no existen propuestas específicas que permitan describir el modo en que estas reivindicaciones se insertan socialmente en una comunidad científica. En este contexto, este artículo presenta un método interdisciplinario para estudiar la manera en que los autores de artículos científicos inscriben, a través del uso de las citaciones, sus reivindicaciones epistémicas en una comunidad científica. Proponemos una tipología de las reivindicaciones epistémicas en la que distinguimos, en función del tipo de contenido que éstas promueven, las reivindicaciones teóricas, metodológicas y performativas. Los resultados muestran que el tipo de reivindicación epistémica está asociado a la estrategia de citación. El método que proponemos contribuye al estudio de la construcción colectiva del conocimiento, pues permite diferenciar las estrategias académicas que los autores movilizan y el tipo de conocimiento reivindicado. Abstract in english Epistemic claims are actions in which the actors apply their knowledge socially. In the academic world, epistemic claims are associated with specific contents that an author makes when writing a research article. While there are diverse methods for analyzing the collective construction of knowledge, [...] there are no specific proposals to describe how these claims are socially inserted in the scientific community. In this context, the article presents an interdisciplinary method for studying how authors of scientific articles use their epistemic claims in order to insert themselves into a scientific community. We propose a typology of epistemic claims in which, based on the type of content they promote, we distinguish the theoretical and performance claims. The results show that the type of epistemic claim is associated with the citation strategy. The method that we propose contributes to the study of collective construction of knowledge, in that it makes it possible to differentiate the academic strategies used by authors and the type of knowledge claimed.

Álvaro, Pina-Stranger; Omar, Sabaj Meruane; Paulina, Toro Tengrove; Ken, Matsuda Oteíza.

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
281

Religions | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 485-501 Open Access Article: A Perfect Chord: Trinity in Music, Music in the Trinity by Chiara Bertoglio Religions 2013, 4(4), 485-501;... The role of music as a participation in the liturgy of mutual love eternally experienced in the Trinity is first analyzed, with ... (This article belongs to the Special Issue Music and Spirituality) p. 502-528 Open Access Article: Minority Political Representation: Muslim ... 567-583 Open Access Article: Music and Spirituality: Reflections from a Western Christian Perspective by Paul Westermeyer Religions 2013, 4(4), ...

282

IJGI | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1-17 Open Access Article: Utilizing GIS to Examine the Relationship Between State Renewable Portfolio Standards and the Adoption of Renewable Energy Technologies by Chelsea Schelly ... Here, we use GIS to visualize adoption of RPSs and electricity generation from renewable energy sources in the US and examine changes in ... (This article belongs to the Special Issue GIS for Renewable Energy) p. 18-28 Open Access Article: Quantification of Deltaic Coastal ... 29-48 Open Access Article: Developing a GIS-Based Visual-Acoustic 3D Simulation for Wind Farm Assessment by Madeleine Manyoky, Ulrike Wissen Hayek, Kurt Heutschi,...

283

Selecting biologically informative genes in co-expression networks with a centrality score  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Measures of node centrality in biological networks are useful to detect genes with critical functional roles. In gene co-expression networks, highly connected genes (i.e., candidate hubs) have been associated with key disease-related pathways. Although different approaches to estimating gene centrality are available, their potential biological relevance in gene co-expression networks deserves further investigation. Moreover, standard measures of gene centrality focus on binary interaction networks, which may not always be suitable in the context of co-expression networks. Here, I also investigate a method that identifies potential biologically meaningful genes based on a weighted connectivity score and indicators of statistical relevance. Results The method enables a characterization of the strength and diversity of co-expression associations in the network. It outperformed standard centrality measures by highlighting more biologically informative genes in different gene co-expression networks and biological research domains. As part of the illustration of the gene selection potential of this approach, I present an application case in zebrafish heart regeneration. The proposed technique predicted genes that are significantly implicated in cellular processes required for tissue regeneration after injury. Conclusions A method for selecting biologically informative genes from gene co-expression networks is provided, together with free open software. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Anthony Almudevar, Maciej M Ka?du?a (nominated by David P Kreil) and Christine Wells. PMID:24947308

2014-01-01

284

Effective Clustering Algorithms for Gene Expression Data  

CERN Document Server

Microarrays are made it possible to simultaneously monitor the expression profiles of thousands of genes under various experimental conditions. Identification of co-expressed genes and coherent patterns is the central goal in microarray or gene expression data analysis and is an important task in Bioinformatics research. In this paper, K-Means algorithm hybridised with Cluster Centre Initialization Algorithm (CCIA) is proposed Gene Expression Data. The proposed algorithm overcomes the drawbacks of specifying the number of clusters in the K-Means methods. Experimental analysis shows that the proposed method performs well on gene Expression Data when compare with the traditional K- Means clustering and Silhouette Coefficients cluster measure.

Chandrasekhar, T; Elayaraja, E

2012-01-01

285

A neuroscience agenda for counseling psychology research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent advances in the field of neuroscience have dramatically changed our understanding of brain-behavior relationships. In this article, we illustrate how neuroscience can provide a conceptual and methodological framework to understand our clients within a transdiagnostic developmental perspective. We provide directions for integrating neuroscience into future process and outcome research. We present examples on how neuroscience can be integrated into researching the effects of contextual counseling interventions. We posit that interpersonal and environmental factors, such as neurotoxic factors (e.g., emotional neglect, stress), positive neurodevelopmental factors (e.g., nurturing and caring, environmental enrichment), and therapeutic interventions influence psychological processes (executive control, behavioral flexibility, reinforcement learning and approach motivation, emotional expression and regulation, self-representation and theory of mind). These psychological processes influence brain networks (attention, motivational, emotional regulation, social cognition), which influence cognitive, social, emotional, identity, and vocational development. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25285708

Gonçalves, Oscar F; Perrone-McGovern, Kristin M

2014-10-01

286

Curriculum Research: Toward a Framework for "Research-based Curricula"  

Science.gov (United States)

Government agencies and members of the educational research community have petitioned for research-based curricula. The ambiguity of the phrase "research-based", however, undermines attempts to create a shared research foundation for the development of, and informed choices about, classroom curricula. This article presents a framework for the…

Clements, Douglas H.

2007-01-01

287

Researching Others: Care as an Ethic for Practitioner Researchers  

Science.gov (United States)

Caring about others is a virtuous act but is it compatible, or indeed advisable, in academic research? This article considers the locus of ethical responsibility for work-based practitioners, and considers ethics for researchers undertaking research within their own organisations. The authors argue that, as practitioner researchers, they are…

Costley, Carol; Gibbs, Paul

2006-01-01

288

"Living" Ethical Dilemmas for Researchers When Researching with Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This article will explore some of the ethical dilemmas that confront researchers when they seek to invite children's participation in research. It firstly tracks the historical landscape of ethical research and will examine the influence of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) on participatory research with children.…

Mortari, Luigina; Harcourt, Deborah

2012-01-01

289

El Consejo Nacional de la Educación Superior y la Investigación Científica: expresión de la política educativa cardenista / National Council for Higher Education and Scientific Research: Expression of the educational policy of Lazaro Cardenas' government  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo se describe el surgimiento, en 1935, del Consejo Nacional de la Educación Superior y la Investigación Científica (CNESIC) y su desarrollo en la política pública del gobierno de Lázaro Cárdenas del Río. Se afirma que la creación de este Consejo fue una respuesta a la problemática en [...] torno a la Universidad Autónoma de México (hoy UNAM) y el control de la enseñanza secundaria. El CNESIC constituyó la primera iniciativa del Estado posrevolucionario dirigida a formalizar la relación entre la educación y la ciencia. Sin embargo, como muchas otras acciones gubernamentales, este organismo quedó sujeto a las decisiones personales del presidente. El CNESIC fue reorganizado tres años después de su creación bajo fuertes conflictos y presiones políticas. Tras una serie de logros el organismo finalmente desapareció, pero, sentó un precedente en el avance de la reforma educativa en México. Abstract in english This article deals with the emergence, in the year 1935, of the National Council for Higher Education and Scientific Research (Consejo Nacional de la Educación Superior y la Investigación Científica, CNESIC) and with its development within the public policies of Lazaro Cardenas' government. Some his [...] torians tell that the creation of that Council was an answer to the problem caused by the National Autonomous University (today called National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM) and the control upon secondary education. The CNESIC in fact represent the first real initiative of the post-revolutionary government to formalize the relationships between education and science. However, as many other governmental actions this Council remained narrowly linked to the president's personal will. The CNESIC was reorganized three years after its creation under strong pressures and in a very difficult situation. After several achievements this governmental body finally disappeared, although it set a precedent in the process of the educational reform in Mexico.

Gabriela M. Luisa, Riquelme Alcántar.

290

Quality of scientific articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper discusses the difficulties in judging the quality of scientific manuscripts and describes some common pitfalls that should be avoided when preparing a paper for submission to a peer-reviewed journal. Peer review is an imperfect system, with less than optimal reliability and uncertain validity. However, as it is likely that it will remain as the principal process of screening papers for publication, authors should avoid some common mistakes when preparing a report based on empirical findings of human research. Among these are: excessively long abstracts, extensive use of abbreviations, failure to report results of parsimonious data analyses, and misinterpretation of statistical associations identified in observational studies as causal. Another common problem in many manuscripts is their excessive length, which makes them more difficult to be evaluated or read by the intended readers, if published. The evaluation of papers after their publication with a view towards their inclusion in a systematic review is also discussed. The limitations of the impact factor as a criterion to judge the quality of a paper are reviewed.

Szklo Moyses

2006-01-01

291

JCDD | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...goal of cardiovascular developmental biologists is to identify the early events that may play a role in the pathogenesis of acquired diseases, such as mitral valve prolapse. Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-1 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts)...

292

76 FR 61361 - Findings of Research Misconduct  

Science.gov (United States)

...the letters from the Research Integrity Officer at...Nursing, UP, engaged in research misconduct by (1...S. Public Health Service (PHS) funding (P30...Respondent engaged in research misconduct by plagiarizing...supported by PHS in two journal article...

2011-10-04

293

Action Research and Social Movement  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Large-scale policy research on topics of concern to teachers may assist in changing educational theory, policy and practice, as may educational action research. This article discusses different traditions of action research in relation to their views about the connection of research and social movement, touching on the so-called "macro-micro" problem which bedevils conceptualizations of this relationship.

Stephen Kemmis

1993-01-01

294

School Counselors and Research Revisited  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the results of a questionnaire on various aspects of research completed by 763 school counselors. Three subscales were derived using factor analysis: Confidence in Research Ability, Perceived Relevance of Research, and Perceived Value of Research. Results round differences on the subscales and several individual items by…

Bauman, Sheri

2004-01-01

295

Success Express: Building on the Butterfly Effect  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes Success Express, a program planned and implemented as part of a collaborative 1990 Javits project for gifted students between Lamar University and Texas A & M. The program has been continued by Lamar and Beaumont Independent School District as a two week summer program to identify high-potential, low-income 4-5 year olds and…

Sisk, Dorothy

2006-01-01

296

The Mock Research Paper  

Science.gov (United States)

The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

297

Local Decision Making : Articles from Poland, Czech Republic and Finland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This book consists of five articles on local decision making in Poland, Czech Republic and Finland. The articles are based on research papers presented in the International Programme Course (IP-course) called “Local Decision Making” arranged in the Netherlands, at the INHOLLAND University of Applied Sciences in Rotterdam in April 2012. The IP-course was financed by the European Social Found, Life Long Learning Programme. The authors of this book are from North Karelia University of Applie...

Westman, Anna Liisa; Hiltunen, Taina

2012-01-01

298

INTERTEXTUALITY IN INDONESIAN NEWSPAPER OPINION ARTICLES ON EDUCATION: ITS TYPES, FUNCTIONS, AND DISCURSIVE PRACTICE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research deals with intertextuality in opinion articles on education. Its objectives are to discover types and functions of intertextuality in the articles and to reveal its social practice. The results of the research reveal there are three major types and two major functions of intertextuality in the articles. The type dominantly applied is indirect quotation and the function dominantly applied is to provide things in detail. The social practice found in the articles is that the intertextuality is functioned to create an image that the articles possess a level of academic text.

Anni Holila Pulungan

2010-08-01

299

Representation and Processing of Spatial Expressions  

CERN Document Server

Coping with spatial expressions in a plausible manner is a crucial problem in a number of research fields, specifically cognitive science, artificial intelligence, psychology, and linguistics. This volume contains a set of theoretical analyses as well as

Olivier, Patrick

1998-01-01

300

Genes | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

..., anemia) and rare (e.g., myeloproliferative neoplasms) human blood-related diseases. Finally, we argue that blood phenotypes are ideal to study the genetics of complex human traits because they are fully amenable to experimental testing. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Grand Celebration: 10th Anniversary of the Human Genome Project) Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-4 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote (without abstracts) Tab-delimited PubMed XML DOAJ XML AGRIS XML ...

 
 
 
 
301

Risks | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Our purpose is to present, in the case of a subordinator, a simple and direct method for determining the finite time (and ultimate) ruin probabilities, the distribution of the ruin severity, the reserves prior to ruin, and the Laplace transform of the ruin time. Interestingly, the usual net profit condition will be essentially relaxed. Most results generalize those known for the compound Poisson claim process. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Stochastic Processes in Insurance) Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-7 Export citation of selected articles ...

302

From Research Assistant to Professional Research Assistance: Research Consulting as a Form of Research Practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research assistantships have long been viewed as an extension of the formal education process, a form of apprenticeship, and a pathway into the professional practice of research in institutional settings. However, there are other contexts in which researchers practice research. This self-study documents the formative role research assistantships played in the authors’ development as professional research consultants. Four professional research consultants who held research assistant positions during their master’s and doctoral studies describe the contributions of their research assistantship experiences to the advancement of their knowledge, skills, and passion for research and subsequently to their career decisions. Professional research consulting is identified as a natural extension of research assistant roles and a potential career path. The article enhances current understandings about the ways research assistantships contribute to the development of researchers, and specifically to the development of professional research consultants. The analysis will be of interest to students contemplating entering into research assistantships, current research assistants, current research assistant supervisors, academic staff looking to improve their research productivity, and department chairs.

Dawn E. Pollon

2013-01-01

303

???? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????(Russian and Norwegian culinary expressions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents a description of culinary terms in Russian and Norwegian, and deals with the contrastive study of metaphorical expressions containing such terms, making a special point of their origin, thematic variety and linguistic properties. The author argues that the universal character of metaphorical changes makes itself evident in a large number of expressions containing either verbs connected with cooking or naming products and dishes used as characteristics of a human being or human actions, great number of them being used pejoratively. The author argues that the study of the structure and semantics of these phraseological units can also be of great help in getting a better command of the culture and history of the country and its language.

Olga Komarova

2008-01-01

304

Compound facial expressions of emotion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Understanding the different categories of facial expressions of emotion regularly used by us is essential to gain insights into human cognition and affect as well as for the design of computational models and perceptual interfaces. Past research on facial expressions of emotion has focused on the study of six basic categories--happiness, surprise, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust. However, many more facial expressions of emotion exist and are used regularly by humans. This paper describes an important group of expressions, which we call compound emotion categories. Compound emotions are those that can be constructed by combining basic component categories to create new ones. For instance, happily surprised and angrily surprised are two distinct compound emotion categories. The present work defines 21 distinct emotion categories. Sample images of their facial expressions were collected from 230 human subjects. A Facial Action Coding System analysis shows the production of these 21 categories is different but consistent with the subordinate categories they represent (e.g., a happily surprised expression combines muscle movements observed in happiness and surprised). We show that these differences are sufficient to distinguish between the 21 defined categories. We then use a computational model of face perception to demonstrate that most of these categories are also visually discriminable from one another. PMID:24706770

Du, Shichuan; Tao, Yong; Martinez, Aleix M

2014-04-15

305

Book Review: Plant Gene Expression  

Science.gov (United States)

Whereas many important biological discoveries have been made using plants, subsequent progress in some areas of plant research has fallen behind that in other organisms for which funding and in vitro assays are more readily available. Gene expression is one such field in which importance continues to grow because many potential plant biotechnology–based solutions to global problems depend on regulating the expression of specific genes. Previous limitations to exploring gene expression in plants have been partially mitigated by recent advances in genomics, genetics, and transformation techniques. The book Regulation of Gene Expression in Plants: The Role of Transcript Structure and Processing, edited by Carole L. Bassett, summarizes our current understanding of plant gene expression, with an emphasis on transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation. The topics covered in six chapters include differences in messenger RNA (mRNA) structure caused by variations in transcription start and polyadenylation sites, alternative splicing, regulation by small RNAs, and mRNA transport and degradation. The chapters vary in depth, quality, and the degree to which the emphasis is placed on plants rather than eukaryotes in general. However, this slim volume is a useful review of gene expression in plants. The question of whether or not all differences in mRNA structure have functional importance remains open.

Alan Rose (University of California Davis;Molecular and Cellular Biology REV)

2007-05-22

306

Investigating and Annotating the Role of Citation in Biomedical Full-Text Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Citations are ubiquitous in scientific articles and play important roles for representing the semantic content of a full-text biomedical article. In this work, we manually examined full-text biomedical articles to analyze the semantic content of citations in full-text biomedical articles. After developing a citation relation schema and annotation guideline, our pilot annotation results show an overall agreement of 0.71, and here we report on the research challenges and the lessons we've learn...

Yu, Hong; Agarwal, Shashank; Frid, Nadya

2009-01-01

307

Social Sciences | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... A critical overview is presented of the increasing use of bibliometric indicators in the external R&D evaluation procedures employed by the Slovenian Research Agency, which is the leading research council for financing the public sector of social sciences in Slovenia. We attempt to establish that, in order to ensure a good external R&D evaluation practice for a small social science community, it is insufficient to ...only have reliable bibliometric meta-databases. It is argued that it is equally important to formulate very precise criteria to ascertain their validity. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in the Social Sciences) p. 298-317 Open Access Essay: Constructions of Resilience: Ethnoracial Diversity, Inequality, and Post-Katrina Recovery, the Case of New Orleans by Kevin Fox Gotham and Richard Campanella Soc. ...

308

Motricity, art and corporal expression. An experience through school center visits to exhibition rooms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article, we intend to go beyond the educational possibilities that a non formal context generates. Art, motricity and expression are the main features of this research. We developed an activity called «Visitas culturales» , cultural visits, in several schools in Almería, where we worked with art and corporal expression at the same time from a wide point of view. The sensations and emotions of the children played the main role, highlighting the personal identity of each one. Our main aim was using art and corporal expression as a means to discover, arousing sensations and significances in the children that, probably they went unnoticed, enlarging the knowledge, not only of themselves but also of the world that sourrounds them. We consider that it is crucial creating a series of competences in the pupils, as well as appreciating and valuing in a critical way the different cultural and artistic expressions. It is also important using them as a source of enjoyment and personal enrichment. Becoming familiar with past and present expressions, boosting the aesthetic development, the creativity, the convergent and divergent thinking to facilitates the communication as well as the enrichment of differents realities and productions connected to the world of arts and culture.

Antonia Irene Hernández Rodríguez

2010-07-01

309

3D facial expression recognition using maximum relevance minimum redundancy geometrical features  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, facial expression recognition (FER) has become an attractive research area, which besides the fundamental challenges, it poses, finds application in areas, such as human-computer interaction, clinical psychology, lie detection, pain assessment, and neurology. Generally the approaches to FER consist of three main steps: face detection, feature extraction and expression recognition. The recognition accuracy of FER hinges immensely on the relevance of the selected features in representing the target expressions. In this article, we present a person and gender independent 3D facial expression recognition method, using maximum relevance minimum redundancy geometrical features. The aim is to detect a compact set of features that sufficiently represents the most discriminative features between the target classes. Multi-class one-against-one SVM classifier was employed to recognize the seven facial expressions; neutral, happy, sad, angry, fear, disgust, and surprise. The average recognition accuracy of 92.2% was recorded. Furthermore, inter database homogeneity was investigated between two independent databases the BU-3DFE and UPM-3DFE the results showed a strong homogeneity between the two databases.

Rabiu, Habibu; Saripan, M. Iqbal; Mashohor, Syamsiah; Marhaban, Mohd Hamiruce

2012-12-01

310

Economics Research Network (ERN)  

Science.gov (United States)

Sponsored by the Social Sciences Research Network (for more information, see the November 29, 1999 Scout Report), the Economics Research Network offers abstracts and full-text papers and articles from over 25 economics journals. The journals are searchable through the Social Sciences Research Network's electronic library. ERN lists the economic journals offered in the electronic library, complete with a pithy description of the journal and advisory board members. The site also includes job listings and announcements.

311

Why plasma research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Atomic Energy Corporation of South Africa is aware of the importance of thermonuclear energy and the need for plasma research. It is also aware of the important part that nuclear fusion could play in the solving of the energy crisis. South Africa has already built its first tokamak device for nuclear fusion and plasma research. This article deals with the necessity of plasma research

312

Managing for the Ideal Research Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses two questions relating to research: (1) what is the best environment in which to carry out research and (2) what is the best way to manage employment in order to maintain this environment? It focuses on research management in UK higher education, but attempts to generalise beyond a specifically national context. The article

Madden, Andrew D.

2009-01-01

313

Discipline and Methodology in Higher Education Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Higher education research is a multidisciplinary field, engaging researchers from across the academy who make use of a wide range of methodological approaches. This article examines the relation between discipline and methodology in higher education research, analysing a database of 567 articles published in 15 leading higher education journals…

Tight, Malcolm

2013-01-01

314

The Research Journey: A "Lonely Planet" Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article the authors discuss the impact of research on a neophyte researcher and the research supervisor. The methodology which is applied throughout this article is autoethnographic narrative. It represents retrospective reflection on the part of the authors and thus to some extent is about retrospective meaning making. It centres upon the…

Mackenzie, Noella M.; Ling, Lorraine M.

2009-01-01

315

Expression and Association Rights of School Employees in Electronic Environments  

Science.gov (United States)

Many of the recent legal decisions regarding public employee expression, particularly in electronic environments, run counter to the culture being facilitated by the Internet. This article uses a legal analysis to examine recent decisions and then considers those legal positions within the context of digital expression. (Contains 2 notes.)

Bathon, Justin M.

2012-01-01

316

Yes! I Am a Researcher. The Research Story of a Young Adult with Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

My name is Emma I am 28 years old and I have Down syndrome. This is an article about my story about becoming a researcher. This article has lots of photographs of me doing research. It has information about the things I did with research. It has examples of some of my research work. This article lets me share my story with other people. This…

White, Emma L.; Morgan, Michelle F.

2012-01-01

317

Automated identification of biomedical article type using support Vector machines  

Science.gov (United States)

Authors of short papers such as letters or editorials often express complementary opinions, and sometimes contradictory ones, on related work in previously published articles. The MEDLINE® citations for such short papers are required to list bibliographic data on these "commented on" articles in a "CON" field. The challenge is to automatically identify the CON articles referred to by the author of the short paper (called "Comment-in" or CIN paper). Our approach is to use support vector machines (SVM) to first classify a paper as either a CIN or a regular full-length article (which is exempt from this requirement), and then to extract from the CIN paper the bibliographic data of the CON articles. A solution to the first part of the problem, identifying CIN articles, is addressed here. We implement and compare the performance of two types of SVM, one with a linear kernel function and the other with a radial basis kernel function (RBF). Input feature vectors for the SVMs are created by combining four types of features based on statistics of words in the article title, words that suggest the article type (letter, correspondence, editorial), size of body text, and cue phrases. Experiments conducted on a set of online biomedical articles show that the SVM with a linear kernel function yields a significantly lower false negative error rate than the one with an RBF. Our experiments also show that the SVM with a linear kernel function achieves a significantly higher level of accuracy, and lower false positive and false negative error rates by using input feature vectors created by combining all four types of features rather than any single type.

Kim, In Cheol; Le, Daniel X.; Thoma, George R.

2011-01-01

318

Extraordinary Opportunities for Early Cancer Detection and Risk Assessment Research 2000: Early Detection Research Worldwide  

Science.gov (United States)

Genetic research on cancer has grown tremendously in the last decade, and the increase in the number of published research articles has been truly phenomenal. However, molecular and genetic research focusing on the early detection of cancer is still lagging.

319

Mendeley: Creating Communities of Scholarly Inquiry through Research Collaboration  

Science.gov (United States)

Mendeley is a free, web-based tool for organizing research citations and annotating their accompanying PDF articles. Adapting Web 2.0 principles for academic scholarship, Mendeley integrates the management of the research articles with features for collaborating with researchers locally and worldwide. In this article the features of Mendeley are…

Zaugg, Holt; West, Richard E.; Tateishi, Isaku; Randall, Daniel L.

2010-01-01

320

Researching Postgraduate Educational Research in South Africa  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is about the national project to gather together information about postgraduate education research (PPER) in South Africa conducted over a ten-year period, namely 1995-2004, being the first decade in the democratic era for South Africa. The ideas informing the PPER Project are provided and the complex process of developing the PPER…

Karlsson, J.; Balfour, R.; Moletsane, R.; Pillay, G.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Overview of qualitative research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Qualitative research methods are a robust tool for chaplaincy research questions. Similar to much of chaplaincy clinical care, qualitative research generally works with written texts, often transcriptions of individual interviews or focus group conversations and seeks to understand the meaning of experience in a study sample. This article describes three common methodologies: ethnography, grounded theory, and phenomenology. Issues to consider relating to the study sample, design, and analysis are discussed. Enhancing the validity of the data, as well reliability and ethical issues in qualitative research are described. Qualitative research is an accessible way for chaplains to contribute new knowledge about the sacred dimension of people's lived experience. PMID:24926897

Grossoehme, Daniel H

2014-01-01

322

Novel Research Impact Indicators  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Citation counts and more recently usage statistics provide valuable information about the attention and research impact associated with scholarly publications. The open access publisher Public Library of Science (PLOS has pioneered the concept of article-level metrics, where these metrics are collected on a per article and not a per journal basis and are complemented by real-time data from the social web or altmetrics: blog posts, social bookmarks, social media and other.

Martin Fenner

2014-04-01

323

Electronic Commerce Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Electronic Commerce Research Center, created by CIO magazine, "examines the current state and future directions of conducting commerce on the Net." The report consists of full-text articles dealing with aspects of ecommerce from the pages of CIO magazine. Dating from 1995 to the present, articles are annotated and indexed by subjects such as Case Studies, Business to Business, and Electronic Data Interchange. Also included are links to online resources that also deal with the same subjects.

324

Conducting Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for School Counselors  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the concept of school counselor as researcher. Qualitative research is defined, explained, and differentiated from quantitative research. School counselor questions that lend themselves to qualitative research are explored. The article also discusses the steps of qualitative research in depth, including developing questions,…

Farber, Nancy K.

2006-01-01

325

Rain research with disdrometers: a bibliometric review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study analyses the research on disdrometers based on published studies. To do so, a wide data base of bibliographic references has been used: the Web of Science (published by Thomson Reuters). The search was carried out for all of the articles whose "TOPIC" was disdrometer. The more than 300 articles found were analysed according to various criteria: countries with research using disdrometers; publication dates; evolution of the number of articles; concepts studied and research lines fol...

Fernandez-raga, M.; Palencia, C.; Tomas, C.; Calvo, A. I.; Castro, A.; Fraile, R.

2011-01-01

326

Towards universal systems for recombinant gene expression  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Recombinant gene expression is among the most important techniques used both in molecular and medical research and in industrial settings. Today, two recombinant expression systems are particularly well represented in the literature reporting on recombinant expression of specific genes. According to searches in the PubMed citation database, during the last 15 years 80% of all recombinant genes reported on in the literature were expressed in either the enterobacterium Escherichia coli or the methylotropic yeast Pichia pastoris. Nevertheless, some eukaryotic proteins are misfolded or inadequately posttranslationally modified in these expression systems. This situation demands identification of other recombinant expression systems that enable the proper expression of the remaining eukaryotic genes. As of now, a single universal system allowing expression of all target genes is still a distant goal. In this light, thorough experimental screening for systems that can yield satisfying quantity and quality of target protein is required. In recent years, a number of new expression systems have been described and used for protein production. Two systems, namely Drosophila melanogaster S2 insect cells and human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293 cells stably expressing the EBNA-1 gene, show exceptional promise. The time has come to identify a few well-performing systems that will allow us to express, purify, and characterize entire eukaryotic genomes.

Sørensen Hans

2010-04-01

327

African primary care research: quality improvement cycles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Improving the quality of clinical care and translating evidence into clinical practice is commonly a focus of primary care research. This article is part of a series on primary care research and outlines an approach to performing a quality improvement cycle as part of a research assignment at a Masters level. The article aims to help researchers design their quality improvement cycle and write their research project proposal.

Claire Van Deventer

2014-04-01

328

Transfer Paths of Research Results to the Practice: Observations From the Receiving End  

Science.gov (United States)

A non-scientific poll of fellow practicing professionals suggests that there is a range of opinions regarding the effectiveness of different ways of becoming acquainted with and using the results of academic research in their practice. Journal articles remain the dominant path for transferring research results to the profession, even though accessing them is becoming more difficult with time. Driven primarily by cost considerations personal and corporate subscriptions seem to be on the decline. Libraries are one of the first victims of cost cutting measures in the industry. Even though the availability of journal articles in electronic form facilitates their availability, their prices are prohibitive. This is especially true during when a professional is searching for a solution to a problem and may have to review several papers on the subject. One colleague suggested that the professional organizations and other publishers of research articles could learn from the experience of the music industry, by lowering the cost of downloading individual papers to something like a dollar per article, recovering thus their production costs through the increase in the volume of purchased articles. The posting on the internet of special reports and dissertations by research institutions is viewed as very useful by those working in practice. The distribution through the internet of reports by federal organizations conducting or sponsoring research, such as the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is greatly appreciated by the practicing professionals. The use of leading researchers as consultants provides a direct path for bringing research results to the practice, but it is limited to a small number of cases where bringing in a consultant can be justified. Short courses are viewed as an effective way of familiarizing professionals with the latest research findings on specific subjects. The notes distributed in such courses are considered especially useful. Conferences and special symposia offer the opportunity to practicing professionals to find out what is the latest in different subject areas, but many view such meetings as having either a practical or a research character, and expressed the desire for more meetings that would bring together the practitioners and the researchers. Commercialization is another path for bringing research results to the practice, but is limited to areas where the size of the market for the commercial application of research findings makes it economically viable. The extent of the adoption of research findings in the practice varies across subjects. The results of research in subjects driven by pressing practical needs, such as remediation of contaminated groundwater or hydraulic testing have been passed quickly to the practice. Using the results of research in subjects such as fracture flow and stochastic hydrogeology seems more elusive.

Findikakis, A. N.

2005-12-01

329

Predicting Future Citation Count Using Bibliographic and Author Information of Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Electronic journal continues to spread rapidly among academic researchers. Citation count shown of an article in academic journals plays an important role in academia. It helps academic researchers in choosing suitable and reliable references for their research. It is unfortunate that recently published papers tend to be unapparent, since it has less citation count than other former works. This research proposes a new way to predict future citation count of an article using regression analysis by machine learning. As a result, citation count prediction of article is delivered using the new proposed method.

Takashi

2014-04-01

330

Collaboration range: Effects of geographical proximity on article impact  

Science.gov (United States)

Spatial scientometrics studies how geography influences knowledge creation. In the recent years there has been a surge in this kind of studies, due to the increase of international collaborations. Most of the work in this field has been focused on the geographical distribution of researchers, whilst few have considered how proximity between coauthors influences research quality. In this work we leverage a dataset of geolocalized articles to assess the effect of geographical distance on article impact. More precisely, the dataset, provided by the Observatory of Science and Technology (O.S.T.), consists of roughly 106 scientific articles, gathering all European articles written in 2000 and 2007, spanning 9 disciplines. We evaluate under which geographical extent coauthorships have higher probability of resulting in high impact articles ("high impact" is here approximated by "being in the top 10% most cited articles of its discipline"). We also describe spatial distribution of coauthorship, delineating geographical areas where the production is proportionally higher. The distribution is evaluated both in term of km (as the crow flies), and in terms of administrative partitions (authors' cities, regions, countries).

Apolloni, Andrea; Rouquier, Jean-Baptiste; Jensen, Pablo

2013-09-01

331

42 CFR 93.224 - Research record.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS...FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON RESEARCH MISCONDUCT Definitions...internal reports, journal articles, and...

2010-10-01

332

Mechanisms of type III interferon expression  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Type III interferons (IFNs; IFN-lambda) are antiviral cytokines with type I IFN-like biological functions, including antiviral activity. In this article we review the literature on IFN-lambda expression and propose that important differences exist between the mechanisms governing expression of the different classes of IFNs. Importantly, while IFN-beta is induced by coordinated action of a multifactor enhanceosome, and IFN-alpha expression is activated by multiple IFN regulatory factor (IRF)-binding cis-promoter elements, the type III IFNs are induced through independent actions of IRFs and nuclear factor-kappaB. Although these differences may appear minor at first glance, we propose that IFN-lambda expression is more flexible than IFN-alpha/beta expression, which could allow expression of type III IFNs in response to a wider range of stimuli compared with type I IFNs. Moreover, such a mechanism of induction will potentially render expression of type III IFNs less sensitive to microbial evasion strategies targeting the IRF pathway. Thus, the mechanisms governing type III IFN expression play an important part in dictating the biology of this antiviral cytokine.

Iversen, Marie Beck; Paludan, SØren R

2010-01-01

333

Cosmetics | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... JLPEA JMSE JPM JRFM JSAN Land Laws Life Lubricants Machines Marine Drugs Materials Mathematics Medical Sciences Membranes Metabolites Metals Microarrays Micromachines Microorganisms Minerals Molbank Molecules Nanomaterials Nutrients Pathogens Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceutics Pharmacy Plants Polymers Processes Proteomes Publications Religions Remote Sensing Resources Risks Robotics Sensors Social Sciences Societies Sports Sustainability Symmetry Systems Technologies Toxics Toxins Vaccines Veterinary Sciences Viruses Water Volume Author Section Issue Article Type all Addendum Article Book Review ... 14-28 Open Access Article: Bio-Guided Targeting for Preservative and Anti-Ageing Cosmetic Ingredient Development by Emilie Destandau, Isabelle Krolikiewicz-Renimel, Saida El Abdellaoui, Perrine Cancellieri, Laetitia Fougère, Alix Toribio, Ludovic Landemarre, Patrice André& nbspand Claire Elfakir Cosmetics 2014, 1(1), 14-28; doi:10.3390/cosmetics1010014 Received: 25 September 2013; in revised form: 16 December 2013 / Accepted: 23 ...

334

Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System  

Science.gov (United States)

The Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES) investigation is one in a pair of investigations that use the Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) facility. TAGES uses Arabidopsis thaliana, thale cress, with sensor promoter-reporter gene constructs that render the plants as biomonitors (an organism used to determine the quality of the surrounding environment) of their environment using real-time nondestructive Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) imagery and traditional postflight analyses.

Ferl, Robert; Paul, Anna-Lisa

2009-01-01

335

Technologies | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... This study evaluated the use of a wristwatch-mounted, low cost wireless interface device for real-time MRI guidance. The device was designed to interact with software for planning rather than instrument guidance. The wireless device was integrated with two novel, open interventional magnet systems operating at 0.17T and 0.5T and utilized a novel customized graphic user interface (GUI) to assess interventional capability. Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-1 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote (without ...

336

Sustainability | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Three underutilized minor crops—amaranth, drumstick tree, and mungbean—are highlighted and briefly described. All three crops are well-represented in AVRDC’s genebank with substantial inter- and intra-specific genetic diversity, and already have demonstrated their potential for wider adoption and commercial exploitation. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Underutilized Plant Species: Leveraging Food and Nutritional Security, and Income Generation) p. 336-347 Open Access Article: Export-Oriented Horticultural Production in Laikipia, Kenya: Assessing the Implications for Rural Livelihoods by Anne Ulrich Sustainability 2014, 6(...

337

Vaccines | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Vaccines Vaccines, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Vaccines | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to Vaccines Login Register ...Robotics Sensors Social Sciences Societies Sports Sustainability Symmetry Systems Technologies Toxics Toxins Vaccines Veterinary Sciences Viruses Water Volume Author Section Issue Article ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Vaccines Vaccines Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2013) Table of Contents Vaccines, Volume 1, Issue 4 (December 2013), Pages 398-549 Issues are regarded as officially published ...

338

Chemosensors | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 21-32 Open Access Article: Effect of Hydrophobic Pollution on Response of Thermo-Sensitive Hydrogel by Hideo Tajima, Fumiaki Sato and Kazuaki Yamagiwa Chemosensors ...September 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (476 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: Hydrogels are widely studied for chemical sensors. However, they are ... The adsorption abilities of hydrogels against organic compounds and metal ions will negatively affect the performance of a hydrogel based chemical sensor. ... The correlation will be useful as an estimation of hydrogel response reduction associated with hydrophobic pollution. (This article belongs to the ...

339

Biomedicines | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... A(P)DCs have three major components, antibody (targeting protein), linker and payload, the cytotoxic drug. Recently,... However, the complex and heterogeneous nature of A(P)DCs often cause poor solubility, instability, aggregation and eventually unwanted toxicity. ...This article reviews the main components of A(P)DCs, and discusses the choices for drugs, linkers and conjugation methods currently used....and strategies for overcoming such major problems associated with the A(P)DCs. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)...

340

Energies | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

... (This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass and Biofuels 2013) p. 13-27 Open Access Article: Product Yields and Characteristics ...of Corncob Waste under Various Torrefaction Atmospheres by Jau-Jang Lu and Wei-Hsin Chen Energies 2014, 7(1), 13-27; doi:10....Accepted: 13 December 2013 / Published: 20 December 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (337 KB) Abstract: Biomass is a promising energy source due to its abundant, carbon-fixing,... Torrefaction can be employed to improve the properties of biomass in an oxygen-free or nitrogen atmosphere. This study investigates the product yields ...

 
 
 
 
341

Actuators | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 74-85 Open Access Article: Self-Sensing Control of Nafion-Based Ionic Polymer-Metal Composite (IPMC) Actuator in the Extremely Low Humidity Environment by Minoru Sasaki,... We tried to replicate this controllability in Nafion-based IPMC. We found that the displacement of a Nafion-based IPMC was proportional to the ... This property is the basis of self-sensing controllers for Nafion-based IPMC bending behavior: we perform bending curvature experiments on Nafion-based IPMCs, ... All three controllers performed very well with the Nafion-based IPMC actuator. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Centered Actuators)...

342

Recognizing Facial Expressions Automatically from Video  

Science.gov (United States)

Facial expressions, resulting from movements of the facial muscles, are the face changes in response to a person's internal emotional states, intentions, or social communications. There is a considerable history associated with the study on facial expressions. Darwin [22] was the first to describe in details the specific facial expressions associated with emotions in animals and humans, who argued that all mammals show emotions reliably in their faces. Since that, facial expression analysis has been a area of great research interest for behavioral scientists [27]. Psychological studies [48, 3] suggest that facial expressions, as the main mode for nonverbal communication, play a vital role in human face-to-face communication. For illustration, we show some examples of facial expressions in Fig. 1.

Shan, Caifeng; Braspenning, Ralph

343

ORGANIZATIONAL LIFE CYCLE AND MANAGEMENT CONTROL: AN ANALYSIS OF ARTICLES IN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ACCOUNTING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to analyze the papers on the approach of the organizational life cycle at the international level, raising the main issues associated with management controls. In a survey of 67 journals came to an initial sample of 39 articles. After reading the abstracts to identify articles relating to organizational life cycle management controls, the sample was seven articles. The international journal of accounting that most published articles related to organizational life cycle was the Management Accounting Research. The recent publications are two articles in 2005 and three articles in 2008. It is noteworthy that in articles published in 2008, all were authored or co-authored by Hanna Silvola. The small number of studies found that allows the subject may be the subject of further research, contributing organizations, managers and other stakeholders to better understand how these controls are used and change with the evolution of the company.

Paulo Roberto da Cunha

2013-12-01

344

Distribution of Articles in Malaysian Secondary School English Language Textbooks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a corpus-based study on English grammar articles presented in the Malaysian Form 1 to Form 5 English Language textbooks. The study aimed to find out the distribution patterns of the articles and the distributions of their colligation patterns in the secondary school English Language textbooks. The findings showed that all the three articles (a, an, the are presented in all the five English Language textbooks and that their frequency of occurrences has an increasing trend from Form 1 to Form 5. However, the distributions of the colligation patterns of the articles showed inconsistency from one form to another. Some colligation patterns were over-emphasized while others were neglected in the English language textbooks. This study indicates that a textbook corpus can be useful in analyzing the presentation of grammatical structures (articles, in the case of this research. The findings can provide guidance to teachers to improve their pedagogical practices in the teaching of articles and to cater to the weaknesses of the presentation of articles in the textbooks.

Jayakaran Mukundan

2012-05-01

345

The Use of EST Expression Matrixes for the Quality Control of Gene Expression Data  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

EST expression profiling provides an attractive tool for studying differential gene expression, but cDNA libraries' origins and EST data quality are not always known or reported. Libraries may originate from pooled or mixed tissues; EST clustering, EST counts, library annotations and analysis algorithms may contain errors. Traditional data analysis methods, including research into tissue-specific gene expression, assume EST counts to be correct and libraries to be correctly annotated, which i...

Milnthorpe, Andrew T.; Soloviev, Mikhail

2012-01-01

346

Recombinant Expression of Pleurocidin cDNA Using the Pichia pastoris Expression System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research utilized the Pichia pastoris expression system for recombinant expression of cDNA of pleurocidin, a small (2.7?kd) antimicrobial peptide isolated from winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus). The Pichia vector contains the alcohol oxidase gene promoter (AOX 1), which under the induction of methanol allows for expression of heterologous protein gene inserted downstream in the vector. Two strains of P pastoris were used as host cells, the wild type (P ...

Burrowes, Olive-jean; Diamond, Gill; Lee, Tung-ching

2005-01-01

347

Research Upregulation of CD23 (Fc?RII Expression in Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cells (huASMC in Response to IL-4, GM-CSF, and IL-4/GM-CSF  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Airway smooth muscle cells play a key role in remodeling that contributes to airway hyperreactivity. Airway smooth muscle remodeling includes hypertrophy and hyperplasia. It has been previously shown that the expression of CD23 on ASMC in rabbits can be induced by the IgE component of the atopic serum. We examined if other components of atopic serum are capable of inducing CD23 expression independent of IgE. Methods Serum starved huASMC were stimulated with either IL-4, GM-CSF, IL-13, IL-5, PGD2, LTD4, tryptase or a combination of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 each with GM-CSF for a period of 24 h. CD23 expression was analyzed by flow cytometry, western blot, and indirect immunofluorescence. Results The CD23 protein expression was upregulated in huASMC in response to IL-4, GM-CSF, and IL-4/GM-CSF. The percentage of cells with increased fluorescence intensity above the control was 25.1 ± 4.2% (IL-4, 15.6 ± 2.7% (GM-CSF and 32.9 ± 13.9% (IL-4/GMCSF combination(n = 3. The protein content of IL-4/GMCSF stimulated cells was significantly elevated. Expression of CD23 in response to IL-4, GM-CSF, IL-4/GM-CSF was accompanied by changes in cell morphology including depolymerization of isoactin fibers, cell spreading, and membrane ruffling. Western blot revealed abundant expression of the IL-4R? and a low level expression of IL-2R?c in huASMC. Stimulation with IL-4 resulted in the phosphorylation of STAT-6 and an increase in the expression of the IL-2R?c. Conclusion CD23 on huASMC is upregulated by IL-4, GM-CSF, and IL-4/GM-CSF. The expression of CD23 is accompanied by an increase in cell volume and an increase in protein content per cell, suggesting hypertrophy. Upregulation of CD23 by IL-4/GM-CSF results in phenotypic changes in huASMC that could play a role in cell migration or a change in the synthetic function of the cells. Upregulation of CD23 in huASMC by IL-4 and GM-CSF can contribute to changes in huASMC and may provide an avenue for new therapeutic options in asthma targeting ASMC.

Lew D Betty

2005-05-01

348

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FINDINGS PUBLISHED IN SCHOLARLY ARTICLES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Articles published in scholarly journals, such as this one, tend to be mainly addressed to researchers at universities. Industrial follow-up and implementation of results from a scholarly article appears to be the exception, rather than the rule. Research grant specifications, as well as university policies, favor the generation of new knowledge, rather than the implementation of good ideas. But without patent protection, corporations have low motivation to expend the considerable effort to reduce ideas to practice after they have been openly published. The author speculates that the situation could be much more dynamic if there were a system of priority of implementation. According to such a system, the first company to successfully implement an idea that first appears in a peer-reviewed journal article, as validated by its debut in the marketplace, would have a grace period during which competitors would have to pay them a fee to sell a generic version of the same thing.

Martin A. Hubbe

2010-07-01

349

Research Ethics III: Publication Practices and Authorship, Conflicts of Interest, and Research Misconduct  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: In this series of articles--"Research Ethics I", "Research Ethics II", and "Research Ethics III"--the authors provide a comprehensive review of the 9 core domains for the responsible conduct of research (RCR) as articulated by the Office of Research Integrity. Method: In "Research Ethics III", they review the RCR domains of publication…

Horner, Jennifer; Minifie, Fred D.

2011-01-01

350

RESEARCH COMMUNITIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article constitutes an anthology of the research in the Department of Psychology of the UniversidadJaveriana and it takes as point of consultations the book Saber, sujeto y sociedad: Una década de investigación enPsicología published in the year 2006 by the Editorial Pontificia Universidad Javeriana as a collective work;it shows the research itinerary of the groups and authors which have worked in multiple problematicnucleus like the affective bonds in terms of emotional security and care, the psychological welfare as axleof the psychology of the health, the meanings and bonds to build cultures of peace, the public opinionthat mobilizes different senses in the world, the culture of the transport, the subjetivation and the speechthat mean to the work, the experimented body in the woman, the kidnapping and their ghost of thedeath, the family as a person networks linked by the language, person, relationships and psychic operation,quality of life, numeric thought, experimental psychology and cognitive neuropsycology.Without a doubt all these problematic nucleus seemingly diverse but crossed by the significance andsignificant implication, they have conformed a true disciplinary intersection, to the style of the geometric,convergent and strong cobwebs of the spiders. It also includes the present anthology, the basic principlesof a research culture and their most visible production in the Universitas Psychologica magazine.

HUGO ESCOBAR-MELO

2006-05-01

351

Strategy and research programs on the long life high activity radioactive wastes management (concerning the article L542 of the environment code, of the law of the 30 December 1991). Knowledge and perspectives; Strategie et programmes des recherches sur la gestion des dechets radioactifs a haute activite et a vie longue (au titre de l'article L542 du code de l'environnement, issu de la loi du 30 decembre 1991). Acquis et perspectives  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Describing the research strategy and the programs around the three axis, separation and transmutation - deep underground storage - conditioning and long time disposal, this document is a reference concerning the research programs of the law of the 30 December 1991. This 2004 edition presents the historical approach and the main context, the objectives, the methods and criteria followed, the research program organization and implemented coordination structures. It provides also the results of the last ten years. (A.L.B.)

NONE

2004-07-01

352

Sensors | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1988-2011 Open Access Article: Surveillance of a 2D Plane Area with 3D Deployed Cameras by Yi-Ge Fu, Jie Zhou and Lei Deng Sensors ...the problem under some more realistic assumptions: (1) deploy the cameras in the 3D space while the surveillance area is restricted to a 2D ground ...

353

Radiation cured silicone rubber articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A process for making radiation cured silicone rubber articles is disclosed wherein a hydroxyl-terminated polysilaxane having a molecular weight from about 50,000 to about 2,000,000, optionally modified by mixing with up to 85% of an end-stopped silicone rubber, is mixed with from about 10 to about 70 parts per hundred of rubber of a finely divided silica filler with a particle size in the reinforcing range and other inert fillers as determined by desired final properties; the composition so prepared is formed into the desired shape at room temperature; the article so formed is precured to improve the mechanical properties of the material with which it is made by exposure to ammonia gas, ammonium hydroxide, or to the vapors or solutions of a volatile amine at room temperature; and the precured article is irradiated with high energy electrons or gamma radiation to effect a permanent cure of the material from which the article is formed

354

IJERPH | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 67-90 Open Access Review Review: Predictive Modeling of West Nile Virus Transmission Risk in the Mediterranean Basin: How Far from Landing? by ...they provide tools to identify areas that are suitable for West Nile virus transmission. Mathematical models may be used to improve our understanding ... (This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology of West Nile Virus) p. 91-172...

355

Games | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 776-794 Open Access Article: Feature-Based Choice and Similarity Perception in Normal-Form Games: An Experimental Study by Sibilla Di Guida and Giovanna Devetag Games 2013, 4(4), 776-794; doi:10.3390/g4040776 Received: 16 September 2013; in revised form: 5 December 2013 ...

356

Antarctic Research  

Science.gov (United States)

... Research Synopsis of Program: Scientific research, and operational support of that research, are ... INTRODUCTIONScientific research, and operational support of that research, are the principal ...

357

Content analysis of published articles in the South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The publication of academic research is important for its contribution to the body of knowledge. A periodic analysis of journal content leads to the identification of research practices; while it also identifies the challenges that researchers face. The South African Journal of Economic and Manageme [...] nt Sciences (SAJEMS) is considered to be one of the leading publications in the field of economic and managerial research in South Africa. The SAJEMS was selected as the unit of analysis; and a content analysis was conducted on 257 articles published during the seven-year period 2004 - 2010. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the input and output factors relating to published articles, including questions on authors and article content, such as the various methodological approaches. The findings revealed that there has been a decrease in co-authored articles during the period 2005 - 2008. Although the contribution by practitioners increased significantly in 2005 and 2008, the majority of the articles are still authored predominantly by academics. It is promising to see that international authors were involved in nearly 20 per cent of the articles contributed. When it came to the methodological approaches, the articles employed largely non-probability sampling designs. Furthermore, almost two-thirds of the articles published in SAJEMS were based on quantitative research designs. This content analysis reveals the current research practices published in the SAJEMS. It provides food for thought for academics.

Yolanda, Jordaan; Melanie, Wiese; Karim, Amade; Ermi, de Clercq.

358

Impact Factor: Early Career Research & Digital Scholarship  

Science.gov (United States)

It is becoming increasingly vital to publish and share research as well as get citations for the purpose of researcher visibility. The publishing options available for research distribution seem endless. It really is an academic jungle out there! This article reviews why early career researchers and graduate scholars should consider their research

Pasquini, Laura A.; Wakefield, Jenny S.; Roman, Tiffany

2014-01-01

359

A comparative gene expression database for invertebrates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background As whole genome and transcriptome sequencing gets cheaper and faster, a great number of 'exotic' animal models are emerging, rapidly adding valuable data to the ever-expanding Evo-Devo field. All these new organisms serve as a fantastic resource for the research community, but the sheer amount of data, some published, some not, makes detailed comparison of gene expression patterns very difficult to summarize - a problem sometimes even noticeable within a single lab. The need to merge existing data with new information in an organized manner that is publicly available to the research community is now more necessary than ever. Description In order to offer a homogenous way of storing and handling gene expression patterns from a variety of organisms, we have developed the first web-based comparative gene expression database for invertebrates that allows species-specific as well as cross-species gene expression comparisons. The database can be queried by gene name, developmental stage and/or expression domains. Conclusions This database provides a unique tool for the Evo-Devo research community that allows the retrieval, analysis and comparison of gene expression patterns within or among species. In addition, this database enables a quick identification of putative syn-expression groups that can be used to initiate, among other things, gene regulatory network (GRN projects.

Ormestad Mattias

2011-08-01

360

Situating Creative Artifacts in Art and Design Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the position of art and design artifacts, and their creation, in a practice-led research process.  Two creative productions and exhibitions featuring my textile artifacts were intentionally carried out in order to tackle a specific research problem, and these will be examined here as case studies.  These cases cover the production and exhibition of two sets of artworks, named Seeing Paper and Paper World, that were created as part of my completed doctoral research entitled Paperness: Expressive Material inTextile Art from an Artist’s Viewpoint. The study examined the relationship between a physical material and artistic expression in textile art and design.  Both cases exemplify the roles of creative productions and artifacts situated in the process of inquiry.  Throughout a practice-led research process, art and design artifacts can serve as inputs into knowledge production and as outputs for knowledge communication.  As inputs, both art productions and artifacts can be the starting point of a research project from which the research question is formulated.  They can also provide data for analysis from which knowledge is constructed.  Asoutputs, artifacts can indicate whether the research problem requires reformulation, demonstrate the experiential knowledge of the creative process, and strengthen the findings articulated in the written output.  Creative practice in a research context can contribute to generating or enhancing the knowledge which is embedded in the practice and embodied by the practitioner.  This knowledge or insight can be obtained from the artist creating the artifact, the artifact created, the process of making it, and the culture in which it is produced and viewed or used, all taking place at different stages of a research process.

Nithikul Nimkulrat

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
361

Fiscal 1999 achievement report on regional consortium research and development project. Regional consortium activity in its 3rd year (Research and development of reverse engineering system for local craftwork articles); 1999 nendo chiiki kogeihin muke reverse engineering system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 3  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The effort concerns Ryukyu craftwork articles. Reverse engineering used to be regarded as a technique of imitation or duplication but today it is drawing attention as a concept of positively utilizing the directionality of information flow in the integrated environment. In the development of a reverse information system, novel designs are created by utilizing a 3-dimensional data base, a high-efficiency fabrication technology for metal patterns for the press-molding of glass is established incorporating some fabrication diagnosing techniques, and a system is constructed under which fabrication accuracy is evaluated and difference data are fed back. In the development of technologies for metal pattern cutting and surface reforming, a metal pattern fabrication technology for molding glass, low in cost and high in performance, is systematized, which enables short delivery. In the diversification of glass products, Ryukyu patterns are collected and Ryukyu glass products are tentatively manufactured by press-molding, and a good result is achieved. In the field of total system technology, basic technologies for an advanced and integrated common production base are established. A virtual reality assisted designing system is developed, under which the designer feels force on the finger tips when preparing a shape for a 3-dimensional structure. (NEDO)

NONE

2000-03-01

362

Researcher-Advocate Collaborations to End Violence Against Women: Toward Liberating Methodologies for Action Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This article relies on literature from the field and on research conducted by the National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center to describe the difficulties encountered in collaborations between researchers and advocates working on the prevention of violence against women. The article summarizes guidelines for collaboration that have…

Williams, Linda M.

2004-01-01

363

Speech Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Several articles addressing topics in speech research are presented. The topics include: exploring the functional significance of physiological tremor: A biospectroscopic approach; differences between experienced and inexperienced listeners to deaf speech; a language-oriented view of reading and its disabilities; Phonetic factors in letter detection; categorical perception; Short-term recall by deaf signers of American sign language; a common basis for auditory sensory storage in perception and immediate memory; phonological awareness and verbal short-term memory; initiation versus execution time during manual and oral counting by stutterers; trading relations in the perception of speech by five-year-old children; the role of the strap muscles in pitch lowering; phonetic validation of distinctive features; consonants and syllable boundaires; and vowel information in postvocalic frictions.

364

Express web application development  

CERN Document Server

Express Web Application Development is a practical introduction to learning about Express. Each chapter introduces you to a different area of Express, using screenshots and examples to get you up and running as quickly as possible.If you are looking to use Express to build your next web application, ""Express Web Application Development"" will help you get started and take you right through to Express' advanced features. You will need to have an intermediate knowledge of JavaScript to get the most out of this book.

Yaapa, Hage

2013-01-01

365

Facial Expression Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Facial expression analysis is rapidly becoming an area of intense interest in computer science and human-computer interaction design communities. The most expressive way humans display emotions is through facial expressions. In this paper a method is implemented using 2D appearance-based local approach for the extraction of intransient facial features and recognition of four facial expressions. The algorithm implements Radial Symmetry Transform and further uses edge projection analysis for feature extraction and creates a dynamic spatiotemporal representation of the face, followed by classification into one of the expression classes. The algorithm achieves an accuracy of 81.0% for facial expression recognition fromgrayscale image.

Neeta Sarode

2010-08-01

366

2007 Research and Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Glenn Research Center is pushing the envelope of research and technology in aeronautics, space exploration, science, and space operations. Our research in aeropropulsion, structures and materials, and instrumentation and controls is enabling next-generation transportation systems that are faster, more environmentally friendly, more fuel efficient, and safer. Our research and development of space flight systems is enabling advanced power, propulsion, communications, and human health systems that will advance the exploration of our solar system. This report selectively summarizes NASA Glenn Research Center s research and technology accomplishments for fiscal year 2007. Comprising 104 short articles submitted by the staff scientists and engineers, the report is organized into six major sections: Aeropropulsion, Power and Space Propulsion, Communications, Space Processes and Experiments, Instrumentation and Controls, and Structures and Materials. It is not intended to be a comprehensive summary of all the research and technology work done over the past fiscal year; most of the work is reported in Glenn-published technical reports, journal articles, and presentations. For each article in this report, a Glenn contact person has been identified, and where possible, a reference document is listed so that additional information can be easily obtained.

Riddlebaugh, Stephen M. (Editor)

2008-01-01

367

Developing a Community of Research Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

Writing journal articles is essential for academics and professionals to develop their ideas, make an impact in their fields and progress in their careers. Research assessment makes successful performance in this form of writing even more important. This article describes a course on writing journal articles and draws on interviews with…

Murray, Rowena

2012-01-01

368

Operations research diffusion in health care management.  

Science.gov (United States)

The discipline of operations research (OR) has historically best served those industries that have goals that can be expressed and measured in absolute and quantitative terms. Comparatively, hospitals have had somewhat limited penetration and success with OR, if one uses published articles and case studies as the gauge. This research sought to empirically explore the penetration and success rates of OR in managerial decision-making processes within the hospital sector. A questionnaire was developed and administered to a nationwide sample of senior executives in hospitals throughout the United States, to measure actual usage and success rates of OR methods, understand the unique barriers to their adoption, and identify opportunities for OR to make greater headway. Findings establish that operations research has only a moderate penetration primarily in the more contemporary methods, and that half of hospitals surveyed rely on OR-type groups, albeit with different names. Finally, the research suggests that the decision process generally emphasizes collaboration over analytical decision-making, which might be a moderating factor for OR usage. Implications derived include the need for greater OR contributions in both financial and strategic decision-making. PMID:22329332

Langabeer, James R; Worthington, Dave J

2010-01-01

369

Article Impact Means Journal Impact  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

These days there is a lot of misunderstanding of scientometrics and we often see a confusion of the research with its indicators. Science ministries and university administrators try to push their country's or institution's "research impact" by telling researchers to increase numeric figures that were invented as proxies for later assessment. In obvious juxtaposition to common sense this even leads to direct orders to postdocs "to only publish in high impact journals" and not to engage in oth...

Uwe Matzat; Ulf-Dietrich Reips

2013-01-01

370

42 CFR 93.224 - Research record.  

Science.gov (United States)

...AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF...FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...93.224 Research record. Research record...internal reports, journal articles, and any...

2010-10-01

371

Initial research of screening for the differentially expressed proteins in beagles irradiated with 4.5 Gy 60Co ?-rays by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the mechanisms of cytokines on acute radiation disease in irradiation beagles. Methods: The sera of beagles irradiated with 4.5 Gy ?-rays with cytokines treatment was collected at different time points post irradiation. The two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) was differentially expressed proteins with significance, and the amino acid sequences should be determined. Results: High resolution 2-DE gel map was obtained. There were six differentially expressed proteins in sera of irradiated beagles at different time points. Four protein spots were successfully identified by MS. A significant spot was identified as serum amyloid A (SAA) by HD-MS, with relative molecular mass of 13 077 and isoelectric point of 6.26. Expression of SAA was not found 1 d pre-irradiation and 36 d post-irradiation, but increased slightly 1 d (0.2166) and significantly 14 d post-irradiation (0.4577). Conclusions: The expression of serum amyloid A was consistent with the process of acute radiation injury, which might indicate the turnover of the disease. (authors)

372

The aviation industry corporation of China (AVIC and the research and development programme of the J-20  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available China’s development of a fifth generation fighter (J-20 was deemed inevitable over a decade ago, materializing a qualitative research and development leap forward in its military aviation industry.This and other technological leaps were much more pronounced in the last decade and were a result of national support programmes to education, research and technology, of indirect technology transfer processes from the European Union, the United States of America, Ukraine, Israel, Brazil, and Russia and, not least important, of reform and reconversion policies of the defence industry, which started in the early nineties and continued in the first decade of the 21st century.The present article analyzes and expresses some considerations and implications over the research, development and production process of the J-20 fighter.This article does not represent the opinion of the National Defence Institute on the topic, and is the sole responsibility of the author.

Alexandre Carriço

2011-01-01

373

Padronização da terminologia dos centros médicos universitários e de pesquisa biomédica, no idioma inglês, para envio de artigo de revista / Standardization of the terminology of the academic medical centers and biomedical research centers, in the English language, for journal article sending  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Propor uma padronização, no idioma inglês, na formatação da citação da sede da pesquisa. MÉTODOS: A partir das três publicações mais recentes dos 20 primeiros periódicos disponíveis no Portal Brasileiro de Informação Científica - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior [...] (CAPES), com maior fator de impacto durante a ano de 2004, segundo levantamento na base de dados ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports no biênio 2004-2005, extraíram-se os formatos das citações das sedes de pesquisa. Realizou-se uma analogia ao escalonamento hierárquico institucional da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), e os formatos mais freqüentes, no idioma inglês, foram adotados como padrão a ser sugerido para citar as sedes de pesquisa ao envio dos artigos. RESULTADOS: Em relação à citação "Departamento", padronizou-se "Department of ..." (sendo "..." o nome em inglês do Departamento), à citação "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group", "Setor" "Section of ...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit" "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." e "Grupo" "Group of ...". Abstract in english PURPOSE: To suggest a standardization, in the English language, the formatting of the citation of the research centers. METHODS: From three more recent publications of the first 20 journals available in Brazilian Portal of Scientific Information - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível S [...] uperior (CAPES), with bigger factor of impact during the year of 2004, according of information in ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports database in biennium 2004-2005, had extracted the formats of citations of the research centers. An analogy to the institutional hierarchie step of the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP) was carried out, and the formats most frequent, in the English language, had been adopted as standard to be suggested to cite the research centers for sending articles. RESULTS: In relation to the citation "Departamento", was standardized "Department of ..." (being "..." the name in English of the Department), to the citation "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group ", "Setor" "Section of...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit ", "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." and "Grupo" "Group of ...".

Bernardo, Hochman; Rafael Fagionato, Locali; Renato Santos de, Oliveira Filho; Ricardo Leão de, Oliveira; Saul, Goldenberg; Lydia Masako, Ferreira.

374

Padronização da terminologia dos centros médicos universitários e de pesquisa biomédica, no idioma inglês, para envio de artigo de revista Standardization of the terminology of the academic medical centers and biomedical research centers, in the English language, for journal article sending  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Propor uma padronização, no idioma inglês, na formatação da citação da sede da pesquisa. MÉTODOS: A partir das três publicações mais recentes dos 20 primeiros periódicos disponíveis no Portal Brasileiro de Informação Científica - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, com maior fator de impacto durante a ano de 2004, segundo levantamento na base de dados ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports no biênio 2004-2005, extraíram-se os formatos das citações das sedes de pesquisa. Realizou-se uma analogia ao escalonamento hierárquico institucional da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP, e os formatos mais freqüentes, no idioma inglês, foram adotados como padrão a ser sugerido para citar as sedes de pesquisa ao envio dos artigos. RESULTADOS: Em relação à citação "Departamento", padronizou-se "Department of ..." (sendo "..." o nome em inglês do Departamento, à citação "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group", "Setor" "Section of ...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit" "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." e "Grupo" "Group of ...".PURPOSE: To suggest a standardization, in the English language, the formatting of the citation of the research centers. METHODS: From three more recent publications of the first 20 journals available in Brazilian Portal of Scientific Information - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, with bigger factor of impact during the year of 2004, according of information in ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports database in biennium 2004-2005, had extracted the formats of citations of the research centers. An analogy to the institutional hierarchie step of the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP was carried out, and the formats most frequent, in the English language, had been adopted as standard to be suggested to cite the research centers for sending articles. RESULTS: In relation to the citation "Departamento", was standardized "Department of ..." (being "..." the name in English of the Department, to the citation "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group ", "Setor" "Section of...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit ", "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." and "Grupo" "Group of ...".

Bernardo Hochman

2006-10-01

375

Uso de movidas retóricas y patrones léxico-gramaticales en artículos de investigación en español: Implicancias para la enseñanza de la escritura científica / THE USE OF RHETORICAL MOVES AND LEXICO-GRAMMATICAL PATTERNS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES WRITTEN IN CHILEAN SPANISH: ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE TEACHING OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A partir de una revisión crítica de distintos enfoques que se centran en la descripción de las estructuras retóricas y de sus rasgos lingüísticos en artículos de investigación, en el presente trabajo proponemos un nuevo método para describir este fenómeno en artículos de investigación en español. Pa [...] ra ello, se etiquetó, con movidas retóricas, un corpus de 162 artículos que es representativo de la producción científica chilena entre los años 2000 y 2008. A los 11.000 o más registros derivados del análisis, se aplicó técnicas estadísticas que permiten dar cuenta de cuáles son las movidas retóricas (MR) prototípicas y describir los patrones léxico-gramaticales asociados a ellas en este tipo de textos especializados. Los resultados muestran, en primer lugar, cuáles son las MR prototípicas en este tipo de textos y, en segundo lugar, que a ellas se asocian patrones léxico-gramaticales específicos. Los resultados de esta investigación se constituyen en valiosa evidencia empírica tanto para los interesados en el análisis del discurso científico como para aquellos enfocados en el ámbito de la didáctica y el aprendizaje de la escritura científica. Abstract in english In this paper, we propose a new method for the description of rhetorical structures and their corresponding linguistic features in research articles in Spanish. The method is based on a critical review of different approaches focusing on this phenomenon. To this effect, we labelled a 162-research-ar [...] ticle corpus using rhetorical moves. The corpus is representative of Chilean scientific production between 2000 and 2008. We applied statistical techniques to over the 11,000 records to account for the prototypical rhetorical moves and describe the lexico-grammatical patterns associated to them in this type of specialist texts. The results of the study demonstrate the operation of particular 'prototypical' rhetorical moves in such texts as well as the lexico-grammatical patterns which formalize the former. The research done provides valuable empirical evidence both for those aiming at the analysis of scientific discourse and those focusing on the teaching and learning of scientific writing.

Omar, Sabaj Meruane.

376

Victimological research in Slovenia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article gives an overview of victimological research in Slovenia. The overview has different orientations: it started with analysis of the victim’s role in commission of the offence and ended with research on help and support to the victim; it started with research into particular offences and their victims and proceeded to analyses of structural violence. Victim surveys as having been implemented in Slovenia are being presented. The article follows the victimological research studies from first empirical projects to those studies that have later allowed for theoretical generalizations. The contribution gives an account of activities of victimology as an advocacy as well as of victim support schemes developed in Slovenia during the last ten to twenty years. Finally, it presents the development of the concept of restorative justice, especially mediation and the ways it has entered into the Slovene criminal justice system.

Šelih Alenka

2012-01-01

377

Efficient Expression of Antibody Fragments with the Brevibacillus Expression System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Antibodies, owing to their capability to bind specifically to a target molecule, have been and will continue to be applied in various areas, including research, diagnosis and therapy. In particular, antibody fragments, which are size-reduced antibodies comprising functional variable domains, are suited for production in bacteria. They also are useful in applications requiring intracellular delivery and for further engineering toward molecules possessing multiple custom functions. An expression system based on Brevibacillus is characterized by high efficiency and simple genetic recombination for secretory production. The Brevibacillus expression system has been successfully utilized for the efficient production of antibody fragments, e.g., scFvs (single-chain antibody fragments comprising heavy-chain and light-chain variable domains, linked by a spacer sequence. Expression in fusion with a Halobacterium-derived secretory protein was shown to confer enhanced productivity. In the case of Fabs, productivity as high as 100 mg/L was accomplished in a simple system, i.e., shake flask cultures. The Brevibacillus expression system offers several advantages, shared by other bacterial systems, such as E. coli, in particular, for the ease in genetic engineering and culture production.

Hiroshi Hanagata

2014-05-01

378

Rain research with disdrometers: a bibliometric review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study analyses the research on disdrometers based on published studies. To do so, a wide data base of bibliographic references has been used: the Web of Science (published by Thomson Reuters. The search was carried out for all of the articles whose "TOPIC" was disdrometer. The more than 300 articles found were analysed according to various criteria: countries with research using disdrometers; publication dates; evolution of the number of articles; concepts studied and research lines followed in each article; and finally, a bibliometric analysis of the more than 60 journals where these articles have been published. Since 1963, there has been an increase in the number of articles published on disdrometers, which in the last 20 yr has been more than ten times higher than the increase in the number of articles on meteorology.

M. Fernandez-Raga

2011-09-01

379

Socializing infants towards a cultural understanding of expressing negative affect : A Bakhtinian informed discursive psychology approach  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article addresses the socialization of emotion expression in infancy. It argues that in order to adequately understand emotion development we need to consider the appraisal of emotion expression through caregivers in mundane, everyday interactions. Drawing on sociocultural and Bakhtinian theorizing, it claims that caregivers’ appraisals of infants’ emotion expression are dialogically intertwined with broader speech genres or “communicative genres” of a community and the emotional-volitional tone and normative orientations embedded in them. It aims to investigate how communicative genres become visible in early caregiver–infant interactions. In a comparative study with 20 farming Cameroonian Nso mothers from Kikaikelaki and 20 German middle-class mothers from Muenster and their 3-month-old infants, we investigated discursive practices used by the mothers in reaction to the infants’ expression of negative affect. We found distinct patterns of coconstructing the interaction that point to different normative ori- entations and communicative genres that can be considered to be specific to the two sociocultural contexts. These communicative genres were found to be in line with broader cultural ethnotheories on good child care in these two communities found in previous studies and by other researchers.

Demuth, Carolin

2013-01-01

380

Entropy | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

... The given software simulates Langevin dynamics using an explicit, second-order (weakly) accurate integrator that exactly reproduces the Boltzmann-Gibbs density. This latter feature comes from adding a Metropolis acceptance- rejection step to the integrator. The paper discusses in detail the properties of the integrator. Since ...film densification by the application of substrate bias, a nanocomposite structure by the introduction of silicon nitrides, and a strengthening effect induced by severe lattice distortions. In the deformed regions under indents, stacking faults or partial dislocations were formed, while in the stress-released regions, ...near-perfect lattices recovered. (This article belongs to the Special Issue High Entropy Alloys) p. 418-442 Open Access Article: Quantifying Compressibility and Slip in Multiparticle Collision (MPC) Flow Through a Local Constriction by Tahmina Akhter and Katrin Rohlf Entropy 2014, 16(...

 
 
 
 
381

Algorithms | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Aerospace Agriculture Agronomy Algorithms Animals Antibiotics Antibodies Antioxidants Applied Sciences Arts Atmosphere Atoms Axioms Behavioral Sciences Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fibers Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Genes Geosciences Healthcare Humanities Informatics Information Inorganics Insects IJERPH IJFS IJMS IJGI JCDD JCM JDB ... We then propose a new hybrid biogeography-based optimization (BBO) algorithm, which outperforms some state-of-the-art heuristics on a typical transportation planning problem. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Meta-heuristic Approaches and Their Applications to Preemptive Operational Planning and Logistics in Disaster Management) p. 32-59 Open Access Article: Choice Function-Based Two-Sided Markets: Stability, Lattice Property, Path Independence and Algorithms by Tamàs ...

382

Catalysts | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...3390/catal4010001 Received: 9 October 2013; in revised form: 13 December 2013 / Accepted: 18 December 2013 / Published: 6 January 2014 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (381 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The application of enzymes such as laccase and xylanase for the preparation of cellulose from lignocellulosic material is an option for those industries seeking to reduce the use of chlorine-containing bleach agents, thus minimizing the environmental impact of their processes. Mixed hydrolytic and oxidative enzyme systems have ...been well described in the context of biopulping, and thus provide good precedent regarding effectiveness, despite the susceptibility of xylanase to inactivation by laccase- generated oxidants. This paper examines the progress towards development of sequential and simultaneous mixed enzyme systems to accomplish delignification. Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-1 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote (without abstracts) ...

383

Insects | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 593-608 Open Access Article: Exploring the Role of Rhodtestolin, A Cardio-Inhibitor from the Testes of Rhodnius prolixus, in Relation to the Structure and Function of Reproductive Organs in Insect Vectors of Chagas Disease by Ralem Gary Chiang, Jennifer Ann Chiang, Hugh Hoogendoorn and Marli Maria Lima Insects 2013, 4(4), 593-608; doi:10.3390/insects4040593 Received: 31 August 2013; in revised form: 8 ... klugi and Nesotriatoma bruneri, other Reduviidae, which are vectors of Chagas disease. Male secretions in insects are known to modify female behavior after copulation, and the presence of rhodtestolin in several genera of Reduviidae suggests that it plays an important role in reproductive success. Determining this role could lead to developing additional population control strategies for these bugs. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature ...

384

Pharmacy | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 172-180 Open Access Article: A Bibliometric Analysis of the Scientific Output of EU Pharmacy Departments by Jeffrey Atkinson Pharmacy 2013, 1(2), 172-180; doi:10.3390/pharmacy1020172 Received: 29 July 2013; in revised form: 3 September 2013 / Accepted: 15 October 2013 / Published: 21 October 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (194 KB) | ...Download XML Full-text Abstract: A bibliometric study of 25 EU pharmacy departments showed that the top two department members (in terms of the number of articles in which the two top staff members are author (or co-author) over a 14-year period from 1998 through 2012) had h-indices of 14 (mean) / 9 (median) and 12 (mean) / 8.5 (...

385

Research strategy and programs about the management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (by right of the article L542 of the environment law and belonging to the December 30, 1991 law); Strategie et programmes des recherches sur la gestion des dechets radioactifs a haute activite et a vie longue (au titre de l'article L542 du code de l'environnement, issu de la loi du 30 decembre 1991) 2002-2006  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document has been prepared by the French public organizations on charge of the researches about the management of radioactive wastes in the framework of the law from December 30, 1991. It was presented at the national commission of evaluation on March 6, 2002. It comprises 6 chapters dealing with: 1 - the methodology, structuration and implementation of researches: main goals; products of the back-end of the fuel cycle and evaluation of fluxes; technical structuration of programs; researches consistency, complementarity and priority; criteria of appreciation of researches relevance; 2 - the main results after 10 years of researches in the framework of the 1991 law: abatement of wastes noxiousness; wastes conditioning; long-term storage; studies on geological disposal; 3 - the main steps towards 2006: separation and transmutation; underground disposal; conditioning and long-term behaviour; 4 - presentation and analysis of research programs: separation-transmutation; feasibility of a deep geologic disposal (clay, granite); conditioning and storage (containers, storage and long-term behaviour); 5 - coordination: authorities, share of data, research programs; 6 - international collaborations; appendixes. (J.S.)

NONE

2002-07-01

386

 Prokaryotic expression systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

For overproduction of recombinant proteins both eukaryotic and prokaryotic expression systems are used. Choosing the right system depends, among other things, on the growth rate and culture of host cells, level of the target gene expression and posttranslational processing of the synthesized protein. Regardless of the type of expression system, its basic elements are the vector and the expression host.The most widely used system for protein overproduction, both on a laboratory and industrial ...

Dorota Porowi?ska; Magdalena Wujak; Katarzyna Roszek; Micha? Komoszy?ski

2013-01-01

387

Facial Expression Recognition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Facial expression analysis is rapidly becoming an area of intense interest in computer science and human-computer interaction design communities. The most expressive way humans display emotions is through facial expressions. In this paper a method is implemented using 2D appearance-based local approach for the extraction of intransient facial features and recognition of four facial expressions. The algorithm implements Radial Symmetry Transform and further uses edge projection analysis for fe...

Neeta Sarode; Prof. Shalini Bhatia

2010-01-01

388

After Effects expressions  

CERN Document Server

Put the power of Expressions to work in your animations with controls and efficiencies impossible to achieve with traditional keyframing techniques. No programming skills are required. Foundation concepts and skills orient the new designer and serve as a handy reference to the experienced one. Basics of creating expressions, variables, commands, and expression helpers precede the leap into javascript and math essentials for more advanced expressions that include randomness, physical simularions and 3D. Full color illustrations display the scripts and the resulti

Geduld, Marcus

2013-01-01

389

Biology | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 139-156 Open Access Article: Miniaturized Bioaffinity Assessment Coupled to Mass Spectrometry for Guided Purification of Bioactives from Toad and Cone Snail by Ferry Heus, Reka A. Otvos, Ruud L. E. G. Aspers, Rene van Elk, Jenny I. Halff, Andreas W. Ehlers, Sébastien Dutertre, Richard J. Lewis, Sybren Wijmenga, August B. Smit, Wilfried M. A. Niessen and Jeroen Kool Biology 2014, 3(1), 139-156; doi:10.3390/biology3010139 Received: 9 December 2013;...

390

Membranes | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 311-330 Open Access Article: Testing the Chemical/Structural Stability of Proton Conducting Perovskite Ceramic Membranes by in Situ/ex Situ Autoclave Raman Microscopy by ... Consequently, we have developed autoclaves equipped with a sapphire window, allowing in situ Raman study in the 25-620 °C temperature region ...these studies allow us to compare quantitatively the chemical stability versus water (corrosion rate from ~150 µm/day to less than 0....

391

Metals | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 28-36 Open Access Article: Influence of Annealing on Mechanical Properties of Al-20Si Processed by Selective Laser Melting by Pan Ma, Konda G. Prashanth, Sergio Scudino, Yandong Jia, Hongwei Wang, Chunming Zou, Zunjie Wei& nbspand Jürgen Eckert Metals 2014, 4(1), 28-36; doi:10.3390/met4010028 Received: 17 December 2013; in revised form: 12 January 2014 / Accepted:...

392

Healthcare | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 20-26 Open Access Article: Atypical Presentation of Herpes Zoster Duplex Bilateralis in a Renal Transplanted Patient by Ana Isabel Gouveia, João Borges-Costa, ... In most cases, the clinical presentation of herpes zoster allows the diagnosis to be made only by history and physical examination. However,... We report a rare presentation of herpes zoster duplex bilateralis involving symmetrical dermatomes over the lower limbs occurring in a woman with a ...

393

Agriculture | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Within the litter/soil system, five groups are chiefly represented: Isopoda, Myriapoda, Insecta, Acari, and Collembola, ...broad levels of organization of the soil food web: they are plant litter transformers or ecosystem engineers. Litter transformers fragment, or comminute,... Large quantities of annual litter input may be processed (e.g., up to 60% by termites). The ...Access Article: Risk Priority Number: A Measuring Instrument for Hygienic Management on Broiler Farms, Reflecting Their Campylobacter Status by Monika Matt, Hans ...

394

Machines | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 81-97 Open Access Article: Pollutant Emission Validation of a Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine Burner by CFD Modeling by Roberto Meloni Machines 2013, 1(3)... The numerical investigation has been performed using the CFD code named ACE+ Multiphysics (by Esi-Group). The model was validated ...of some important parameters, such as air temperature at compressor intake and steam to fuel mass ratio, have been evaluated. The flamelet ...

395

Body ownership and research.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article questions whether recognition of property rights in human tissue .would enhance protection of the interests of donors of tissue used for research purposes. Best practice already obliges researchers to comply with a range of legal and ethical obligations, with particular focus on informed consent and research transparency. A number of lawsuits relating to research use of human tissue emphasise the central importance of informed consent to donors. Informed consent of communities, as well as individuals, becomes essential when engaging in research with indigenous peoples. Increasingly genetic researchers are adopting participatory governance as a model for working with communities to develop culturally appropriate genetic studies that address health problems that are priorities for the communities involved. The transparency of the participatory governance model means that participants feel that their autonomy is respected and that their interests are being represented throughout the research process. The question of ownership of samples becomes irrelevant as control is codified through alternative mechanisms. PMID:24597380

McWhirter, Rebekah E; Nicol, Dianne; Chalmers, Don; Dickinson, Joanne L

2013-12-01

396

High expression Zymomonas promoters  

Science.gov (United States)

Identified are mutants of the promoter of the Z. mobilis glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene, which direct improved expression levels of operably linked heterologous nucleic acids. These are high expression promoters useful for expression of chimeric genes in Zymomonas, Zymobacter, and other related bacteria.

Viitanen, Paul V. (West Chester, PA); Tao, Luan (Havertown, PA); Zhang, Yuying (New Hope, PA); Caimi, Perry G. (Kennett Square, PA); McCole, Laura (East Fallowfield, PA): Zhang, Min (Lakewood, CO); Chou, Yat-Chen (Lakewood, CO); McCutchen, Carol M. (Wilmington, DE); Franden, Mary Ann (Centennial, CO)

2011-08-02

397

Images of illness: how causal claims and racial associations influence public preferences toward diabetes research spending.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the salience of health disparities in media and policy discourse, little previous research has investigated if imagery associating an illness with a certain racial group influences public perceptions. This study evaluated the influence of the media's presentation of the causes of type 2 diabetes and its implicit racial associations on attitudes toward people with diabetes and preferences toward research spending. Survey participants who viewed an article on genetic causation or social determinants of diabetes were more likely to support increased government spending on research than those viewing an article with no causal language, while participants viewing an article on behavioral choices were more likely to attribute negative stereotypes to people with diabetes. Participants who viewed a photo of a black woman accompanying the article were less likely to endorse negative stereotypes than those viewing a photo of a white woman, but those who viewed a photo of a glucose-testing device expressed the lowest negative stereotypes. The effect of social determinants language was significantly different for blacks and whites, lowering stereotypes only among blacks. Emphasizing the behavioral causes of diabetes, as is common in media coverage, may perpetuate negative stereotypes. While drawing attention to the social determinants that shape these behaviors could mitigate stereotypes, this strategy is unlikely to influence the public uniformly. PMID:21451158

Gollust, Sarah E; Lantz, Paula M; Ubel, Peter A

2010-12-01

398

Gene expression analysis reveals that histone deacetylation sites may serve as partitions of chromatin gene expression domains  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background It has been a long-term puzzle whether chromatin can be further divided into distinct gene expression domains. Because histone deacetylation affects chromatin structure, that in turn may affect the expression of nearby genes, histone deacetylation sites may act to partition chromatin into different gene expression domains. In this article, we explore the relationship between histone deacetylation sites and gene expression patterns on the genome scale using different data sources, including microarray data measuring gene expression levels, microarray data measuring histone deacetylation sites, and information on regulatory targets of transcription factors. Results Using 269 Saccharomyces cerevisiae microarray datasets, histone deacetylation datasets, and regulatory targets of transcription factors assembled from the Yeast Proteome Database and ChIP-chip data, we found that histone deacetylation sites can reduce the level of co-expression of neighboring genes. Conclusion Histone deacetylation sites may serve as possible partition sites for chromatin domains and affect gene expression.

Zhao Hongyu

2005-03-01

399

Economic Research Bulletin (2013, No.2)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This edition of the Research Bulletin focuses on four articles which analyse the macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy. The first article examines the interactions between monetary and fiscal policies in six industrialised countries during 1980–2008. Employing a novel empirical framework, the article documents changes in monetary-fiscal interactions over time. Next, these changes are linked to the monetary policy regime set-up. The second article assesses the extent to which fiscal discret...

?eská národní banka

2013-01-01

400

Crayfish for Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes how Robert LeBleu's interest in aquatic life developed and that today he owns a large hydroculture operation supplying research crayfish nationwide. Suggested laboratory experiments with crayfish are described, as well as information on additional studies, equipment needs, and tours of the hatchery. (MA)

Poulos, C. Jean

1977-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Top-Cited Articles in Traumatic Brain Injury  

Science.gov (United States)

A review of the top-cited articles in a scientific discipline can identify areas of research that are well established and those in need of further development, and may, as a result, inform and direct future research efforts. Our objective was to identify and characterize the top-cited articles in traumatic brain injury (TBI). We used publically available software to identify the 50 TBI articles with the most lifetime citations, and the 50 TBI articles with the highest annual citation rates. A total of 73 articles were included in this review, with 27 of the 50 papers with the highest annual citation rates common to the cohort of 50 articles with the most lifetime citations. All papers were categorized by their primary topic or focus, namely: predictor of outcome, pathology/natural history, treatment, guidelines and consensus statements, epidemiology, assessment measures, or experimental model of TBI. The mean year of publication of the articles with the most lifetime citations and highest annual citation rates was 1990?±?14.9?years and 2003?±?6.7?years, respectively. The 50 articles with the most lifetime citations typically studied predictors of outcome (34.0%, 17/50) and were specific to severe TBI (38.0%, 19/50). In contrast, the most common subject of papers with the highest annual citation rates was treatment of brain injury (22.0%, 11/50), and these papers most frequently investigated mild TBI (36.0%, 18/50). These findings suggest an intensified focus on mild TBI, which is perhaps a response to the dedicated attention these injuries are currently receiving in the context of sports and war, and because of their increasing incidence in developing nations. Our findings also indicate increased focus on treatment of TBI, possibly due to the limited efficacy of current interventions for brain injury. This review provides a cross-sectional summary of some of the most influential articles in TBI, and a bibliometric examination of the current status of TBI research. PMID:25414657

Sharma, Bhanu; Lawrence, David Wyndham

2014-01-01

402

The Feminist Imagination and Educational Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the impact of second-wave feminism on educational research with a focus on developments in the USA. It expands on the themes raised in the other articles in this issue of "Discourse" by considering the political nature of feminist educational research questions beginning in the 1970s and continuing to the contemporary world.…

Weiler, Kathleen

2008-01-01

403

Ethical Approval for Research in Physiology Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this article is to reflect on the contemporary ethical standards that should be applied to the publication of physiology education research. As teachers, we are all education researchers to some degree but our appreciation of when and how regulatory requirements apply to our work is variable. A significant number of articles in…

Kibble, Jonathan D.

2009-01-01

404

Memory, Space and Time: Researching Children's Lives  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the research approach in "Pathways through Childhood", a small qualitative study drawing on memories of childhood. The research explores how wider social arrangements and social change influence children's everyday lives. The article discusses the way that the concepts of social memory, space and time have been drawn on to…

Moss, Dorothy

2010-01-01

405

How the researcher’s experience of visual images can contribute to qualitative research  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In art and drawing children can visually articulate pre-reflexive phenomena such as feelings, emotions, experiences, intentions and engagement. Research can include children’s art and drawings to study such phenomena and how they can be articulated and thematized in non-verbal/visual articulation. The researcher’s pre-reflexive sensory and aesthetic experiences often contribute to the immediate interpretations of such data, but the studies often lack any reflection on how drawings aesthetically affect the researcher’s awareness or interest that could otherwise creatively provide material for the study. The aim of this article is to describe and discuss how the construct ‘aesthetic object’ may offer researchers an approach to non-verbal/visual articulation that can explicitly and creatively include the researcher’s sensory and aesthetic experiences in the knowledge production. Examples from studies that incorporate phenomenological and cultural psychological approaches and include children’s art are part of the article.

Nielsen, Anne Maj

2014-01-01

406

Research in child and adolescent psychiatry in India  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary source for this annotation on child and adolescent psychiatry is Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Articles covering various dimensions of child and adolescent mental health were searched from its electronic data base to discuss relevant articles. Literature was mainly in the form of original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, orations and presidential address. PMID:21836681

Shastri, Priyavadan Chandrakant; Shastri, Jay P.; Shastri, Dimple

2010-01-01

407

Indexing Research Papers in Open Access Databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper synthesizes the actions performed in order to transform a classic scientific research journal – “Annals. Computer Science Series” – available only in printed form until 2008, into a modern e-journal with free access to the full text of the articles. For achieving this goal, the research papers have been included in various article databases, portals and library catalogs which offered a high visibility to the journal. Keywords: Open-Acces Initiative, article database, standards, meta-data harvesting

Alexandra-Emilia Forti?

2009-01-01

408

Expressiveness in musical emotions.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to investigate how emotion category, characterized by distinct musical structures (happiness, sadness, threat) and expressiveness (mechanical, expressive) may influence overt and covert behavioral judgments and physiological responses in musically trained and untrained listeners. Mechanical and expressive versions of happy, sad and scary excerpts were presented while physiological measures were recorded. Participants rated the intensity of the emotion they felt. In addition, they monitored excerpts for the presence of brief breaths. Results showed that the emotion categories were rated higher in the expressive than in the mechanical versions and that this effect was larger in musicians. Moreover, expressive excerpts were found to increase skin conductance level more than the mechanical ones, independently of their arousal value, and to slow down response times in the breath detection task relative to the mechanical versions, suggesting enhanced capture of attention by expressiveness. Altogether, the results support the key role of the performer's expression in the listener's emotional response to music. PMID:21761216

Vieillard, Sandrine; Roy, Mathieu; Peretz, Isabelle

2012-09-01

409

Antibodies | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... IL-21-producing CXCR5+ CD4+ T cells comprise a distinct lineage of helper T cells—termed follicular helper T cells (TFH)—that can provide ...limit such antibody-mediated autoimmunity, including follicular regulatory T cells (TFR), Qa-1 restricted CD8+ regulatory T cells (CD8+TREG), and regulatory ... chains and/or CD3? chains. Ninety percent of NK cells express the Fc receptor CD16; thus, they have the ...

410

On the quest for selective constraints shaping the expressivity of the genes casting retropseudogenes in human  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Pseudogenes, the nonfunctional homologues of functional genes are now coming to light as important resources regarding the study of human protein evolution. Processed pseudogenes arising by reverse transcription and reinsertion can provide molecular record on the dynamics and evolution of genomes. Researches on the progenitors of human processed pseudogenes delved out their highly expressed and evolutionarily conserved characters. They are reported to be short and GC-poor indicating their high efficiency for retrotransposition. In this article we focused on their high expressivity and explored the factors contributing for that and their relevance in the milieu of protein sequence evolution. Results We here, analyzed the high expressivity of these genes configuring processed or retropseudogenes by their immense connectivity in protein-protein interaction network, an inclination towards alternative splicing mechanism, a lower rate of mRNA disintegration and a slower evolutionary rate. While the unusual trend of the upraised disorder in contrast with the high expressivity of the proteins encoded by processed pseudogene ancestors is accredited by a predominance of hub-protein encoding genes, a high propensity of repeat sequence containing genes, elevated protein stability and the functional constraint to perform the transcription regulatory jobs. Linear regression analysis demonstrates mRNA decay rate and protein intrinsic disorder as the influential factors controlling the expressivity of these retropseudogene ancestors while the latter one is found to have the most significant regulatory power. Conclusions Our findings imply that, the affluence of disordered regions elevating the network attachment to be involved in important cellular assignments and the stability in transcriptional level are acting as the prevailing forces behind the high expressivity of the human genes configuring processed pseudogenes.

Podder Soumita

2011-08-01

411

The Design:Lab as platform in participatory design research  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The notion of laboratory or simply 'lab' has become popular in recent years in areas outside science and technology development. Learning Labs, Innovation Labs, Usability Labs, Media and Communication Labs and even Art Labs designate institutions or fora dedicated to change and experimentation. Influenced by these currents we use the expression 'Design:Lab' as a shorthand description of open collaborations between many stakeholders sharing a mutual interest in design research in a particular field. Many have reacted to the term 'laboratory' or 'lab' as foreign and awkward to design, and we as well as others have frequently used other metaphors like workshop, studio or atelier in design research. In this article we will argue that the laboratory metaphor is particularly suitable and useful for the design:lab, and we will give examples of how we have worked with the design:lab as a platform for collaborative inquiries and knowledge production based on design experiments. Udgivelsesdato: June

Binder, Thomas; Brandt, Eva

2008-01-01

412

In plants, expression breadth and expression level distinctly and non-linearly correlate with gene structure  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Compactness of highly/broadly expressed genes in human has been explained as selection for efficiency, regional mutation biases or genomic design. However, highly expressed genes in flowering plants were shown to be less compact than lowly expressed ones. On the other hand, opposite facts have also been documented that pollen-expressed Arabidopsis genes tend to contain shorter introns and highly expressed moss genes are compact. This issue is important because it provides a chance to compare the selectionism and the neutralism views about genome evolution. Furthermore, this issue also helps to understand the fates of introns, from the angle of gene expression. Results In this study, I used expression data covering more tissues and employ new analytical methods to reexamine the correlations between gene expression and gene structure for two flowering plants, Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa. It is shown that, different aspects of expression pattern correlate with different parts of gene sequences in distinct ways. In detail, expression level is significantly negatively correlated with gene size, especially the size of non-coding regions, whereas expression breadth correlates with non-coding structural parameters positively and with coding region parameters negatively. Furthermore, the relationships between expression level and structural parameters seem to be non-linear, with the extremes of structural parameters possibly scale as power-laws or logrithmic functions of expression levels. Conclusion In plants, highly expressed genes are compact, especially in the non-coding regions. Broadly expressed genes tend to contain longer non-coding sequences, which may be necessary for complex regulations. In combination with previous studies about other plants and about animals, some common scenarios about the correlation between gene expression and gene structure begin to emerge. Based on the functional relationships between extreme values of structural characteristics and expression level, an effort was made to evaluate the relative effectiveness of the energy-cost hypothesis and the time-cost hypothesis. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Dr. I. King Jordan, Dr. Liran Carmel (nominated by Dr. Eugene V. Koonin and Dr. Fyodor A. Kondrashov.

Yang Hangxing

2009-11-01

413

How Much Importance Do We Give to Target Audiences in Article Writing?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: Writing papers can be used as a means to convey amessage. Knowledge transfer is also about conveying the rightmessage to the right target audience. The aim of this study was todetermine the proportion of articles that had mentioned a clearmessage and the target audience in the abstract and the article as awhole, and also to examine their association with different determinantfactors.Methods: Articles published from 2001 to 2006 that were basedon clinical and health system research...

Sima Nedjat; Saharnaz Nedjat; Jaleh Gholami; Mahnaz Ashoorkhani; Katayoun Maleki; Soroush Mortaz Hejrie; Reza Majdzadeh

2010-01-01

414

A critical review of Dr. Charles S. Greene's article titled "Managing the Care of Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders: a new Guideline for Care" and a revision of the American Association for Dental Research's 1996 policy statement on temporomandibular disorders, approved by the AADR Council in March 2010, published in the Journal of the American Dental Association September 2010.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. Charles Greene's article, "Managing the Care of Patients with TMDs A New Guideline for Care," and the American Association for Dental Research's (AADR) 2010 Policy Statement on Temporomandibular Disorders, published in the Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA) September 2010, are reviewed in detail. The concept that all temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) should be lumped into one policy statement for care is inappropriate. TMDs are a collection of disorders that are treated differently, and the concept that TMDs must only be managed within a biopsychosocial model of care is inappropriate. TMDs are usually a musculoskeletal orthopedic disorder, as defined by the AADR. TMD orthopedic care that is peer-reviewed and evidence-based is available and appropriate for some TMDs. Organized dentistry, including the American Dental Association, and mainstream texts on TMDs, support the use of orthopedics in the treatment of some TMDs. TMDs are not psychological or social disorders. Informed consent requires that alternative care is discussed with patients. Standard of care is a legal concept that is usually decided by a court of law and not decided by a policy statement, position paper, guidelines or parameters of care handed down by professional organizations. The 2010 AADR Policy Statement on TMD is not the standard of care in the United States. Whether a patient needs care for a TMD is not decided by a diagnostic test, but by whether the patient has significant pain, dysfunction and/or a negative change in quality of life from a TMD and they want care. Some TMDs need timely invasive and irreversible care. PMID:22435173

Simmons, H Clifton

2012-01-01

415

Analysis of status of citation of articles published in the Medical Journal of Chinese PLA from 2000 to 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective ?Based on the status of citation of articles published in Medical Journal of Chinese PLA, to analyze the academic value of the Medical Journal of Chinese PLA, and provide information for assessing dominant medical disciplines and major groups of contributors, and for appraisal of outstanding articles. Methods ?The journal citation data were obtained from the China Academic Journal Network Publishing Database(CAJD. The individual citation data of the scientific articles published in Medical Journal of Chinese PLAfrom 2000 to 2009 were retrieved from CAJD. Articles with citation frequency equal to or higher than 30 times were collected for analysis, and they were defined as highly cited articles. Based on these highly cited articles, we analyzed the authors' institutions, research discipline distribution and types of research projects. We also made a vertical comparison of average citation frequency in every year. Results ?The total number of articles with citation frequency equal to or higher than 30 times was 50. The yearly average citation frequency increased year by year, from 0.05 times in the year 2000 to 4.46 times in the year 2009. Distribution of authors and institutions was as follows: authors of 11 articles were working in General Hospital of Chinese PLA and 302 Hospital of PLA respectively, authors of 6 articles were working in the Second Military Medical University, 5 in the First Military Medical University and Third Military Medical University, respectively, 4 in 304 Hospital of Chinese PLA. The articles from these 6 institutions accounted for 84% of all highly cited articles. Research fields distribution were as follows: 12 articles in infectious diseases, 7 in field surgery, 6 in trauma and burns. The articles in these 3 fields accounted for 50% of all highly cited articles. Research types were as follows: 20 articles of experimental research, 11 clinical research, 9 literature review, 8 expert forums and 2 dealing with clinical pathology. Conclusions ?Since 2000, the citation rate of articles published in the Medical Journal of Chinese PLAimproves significantly. The authors of these highly cited articles were mainly distributed in military medical universities and headquarter hospitals. The articles dealing with infectious diseases, field surgery, trauma and burns had higher citation frequency. The articles of experimental research, clinical research and literature review were the main forms of highly cited articles.

Xiao-yan ZHANG

2012-12-01

416

Values in a Science of Social Work: Values-Informed Research and Research-Informed Values  

Science.gov (United States)

While social work must be evaluative in relation to its diverse areas of practice and research (i.e., values-informed research), the purpose of this article is to propose that values are within the scope of research and therefore research on practice should make values a legitimate object of investigation (i.e., research-informed values). In this…

Longhofer, Jeffrey; Floersch, Jerry

2014-01-01

417

Cancers | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Cancers Cancers, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Cancers | March 2014 - Browse Articles Submit to Cancers Login Register ...Atoms Axioms Behavioral Sciences Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Cancers Cancers Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2009) Table of Contents Cancers, Volume 6, Issue 1 (March 2014), Pages 1- Issues are regarded as officially published ...

418

Antioxidants | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 55-66 Open Access Article: Antioxidant Activity in Two Pearl Millet (Pennisetum typhoideum) Cultivars as Influenced by Processing by Florence Suma Pushparaj and ...antioxidant components as well as the antioxidant activities in the commonly used pearl millet cultivars—Kalukombu (K) and Maharashtra Rabi Bajra (MRB)... The methanolic extracts of processed pearl millet flours were analyzed for 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, reducing power ...Processing did not have any significant effect on the FRAP activity of pearl millet. The data on the correlation coefficient suggests that DPPH ...

419

JSAN | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote (without abstracts) Tab-delimited PubMed XML DOAJ XML AGRIS ... 717-760 Open Access Review Review: Software Updating in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey and Lacunae by Stephen Brown and Cormac J. Sreenan ...number of reasons there is often a need to update sensor node software, or node configuration, after deployment. The need for ... This paper presents a comprehensive survey of software updating in Wireless Sensor Networks, and analyses the features required to make these updates ...

420

Membranes | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Article: Friedel-Crafts Crosslinked Highly Sulfonated Polyether Ether Ketone (SPEEK) Membranes for a Vanadium/Air Redox Flow Battery by Géraldine Merle, Filipoi Carmen Ioana,...Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (1192 KB) Abstract: Highly conductive and low vanadium permeable crosslinked sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (cSPEEK) ...membranes were prepared by electrophilic aromatic substitution for a Vanadium/Air Redox Flow Battery (Vanadium/Air-RFB) application. Membranes were synthesized from ... Furthermore, the membranes were investigated for a Vanadium/Air Redox Flow Battery application. Membranes crosslinked at 200 °C for 30 min ...

 
 
 
 
421

Minerals | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 17-36 Open Access Article: Investigating the Effects of Se Solid Phase Substitution in Jarosite Minerals Influenced by Bacterial Reductive Dissolution by Rachel E. ...del Azogue mine (SE, Spain), where a complex ore, composed mainly of cinnabar, arsenic minerals (realgar and orpiment) and stibnite, ...removal efficiency (> 99%) were associated with the presence of significant contents of cinnabar and an equivalent diameter above 0.8 mm. (This ...banks as a result of flood and drought cycles could cause biogeochemical changes that alter the behaviour of polyvalent metals iron and manganese and ...

422

Cancers | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Cancers Cancers, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Cancers | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to Cancers Login Register ...Sciences Arts Atmosphere Atoms Axioms Behavioral Sciences Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Cancers Cancers Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2009) Table of Contents Cancers, Volume 5, Issue 4 (December 2013), Pages 1199-1747 Issues are regarded as officially published ...

423

Religions | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Religions Religions, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Religions | March 2014 - Browse Articles Submit to Religions Login Register ...Molecules Nanomaterials Nutrients Pathogens Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceutics Pharmacy Plants Polymers Processes Proteomes Publications Religions Remote Sensing Resources Risks Robotics Sensors Social Sciences Societies Sports Sustainability ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Religions Religions Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2010) Table of Contents Religions, Volume 5, Issue 1 (March 2014), Pages 1- Issues are regarded as officially published ...

424

Electronics | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Electronics | March 2014 - Browse Articles Submit to Electronics Login Register MDPI Journals A-Z For Authors For Editors For Librarians About Open Access Policy ... 3 (2014) Vol. 2 (2013) Vol. 1 (2012) Table of Contents Electronics, Volume 3, Issue ...March 2014), Pages 1- Issues are regarded as officially published after their release is announced to the table of contents alert mailing ...Energy Harvested Index by Hanif SedighNejad, Tariq Iqbal and John Quaicoe Electronics 2014, 3(1), 1-21; doi:10.3390/electronics3010001 ...

425

Computers | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for Authors Publication Fees Special Issues Editorial Board E-Mail Alert Add your e-mail address to receive forthcoming issues of this ... You may sign up for e-mail alerts to receive table of contents of newly released issues. PDF is the official format ... 152-175 Open Access Article: Static Three-Dimensional Fuzzy Routing Based on the Receiving Probability in Wireless Sensor Networks by Mohammad Samadi Gharajeh and Sohrab Khanmohammadi ... Routing protocols are an important topic in WSN. Every sensor node should use a proper mechanism to transmit the generated packets to ...

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