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Elevated expression of VEGFR-3 in lymphatic endothelial cells from lymphangiomas; Research article  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Lymphangiomas are neoplasias of childhood. Their etiology is unknown and a causal therapy does not exist. The recent discovery of highly specific markers for lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) has permitted their isolation and characterization, but expression levels and stability of molecular markers on LECs from healthy and lymphangioma tissues have not been studied yet. We addressed this problem by profiling LECs from normal dermis and two children suffering from lymphangioma, a...

Norgall, Susanne; Papoutsi, Maria; Ro?ssler, Jochen; Schweigerer, Lothar; Wilting, Jo?rg; Weich, Herbert A.

2007-01-01

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Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs  

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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative article

Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

2009-01-01

3

Institutional Affiliations of Authors of Research Articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Professional affiliations of authors of articles in library and information science are reported, based on a random sample of articles indexed in "Social Science Citation Index." Faculty members at schools of library and information science authored over 23 percent of articles; academic librarians authored nearly one-third of the literature. (12…

Swigger, Keith

1985-01-01

4

Remarks on the Communicative Functions of Hedging in Popular Scientific and Specialist Research Articles on Medicine.  

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A study of 15 popular scientific journal articles and 15 specialist medical-research articles indicates that in medical discourse hedging, the expression of tentativeness and possibility by epistemic devices, can be applied in less specialized English- for-Special-Purposes (ESP) texts such as popular scientific articles, but in different…

Varttala, Teppo

1999-01-01

5

Evaluation in the Art-Historical Research Article.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attempts to isolate some of the aspects in which the evaluative language most typical of research articles produced within the discipline of art history differs from the evaluation prevalent in academic discourse in other fields. (Author/VWL)

Tucker, Paul

2003-01-01

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A Contrastive Study of Hedging in Environmental Sciences Research Articles  

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Academic writers resort to hedging as one of the interpersonal metadiscourse category not only to present their findings cautiously but also to minimize the effects of Face Threatening Acts (FTAs). The purpose of the present study was to compare and contrast the frequency and types of hedges in Discussion sections of Environmental Sciences Research Articles (RAs) written by English Research Writers (ERWs), Iranian Research Writers (IRWs) who write in English, and Iranian Research Writers (IRW...

Alireza Bonyadi; Javad Gholami; Sina Nasiri

2012-01-01

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How to write research articles in computing and engineering disciplines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article advocates a general way of presenting research articles on any topic and in any field related to computer science, information technology, and engineering disciplines. The key advice to a successful presentation is to repeat the description of main contribution four times: in the title, abstract, introduction (or chapter 1 and in the text. That is, to make readable, appealing, and as complete as possible versions of the work using the order of 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 words. This corresponds to the decreasing portion of readers for corresponding parts of the article. To the extent possible, each of these parts should address, in this order: the problem statement, existing solutions, the new solution(s, assumptions and limitations, analysis, simulation and comparison with best competing solutions

Veljko Milutinovi?

2012-01-01

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A Contrastive Study of Hedging in Environmental Sciences Research Articles  

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Full Text Available Academic writers resort to hedging as one of the interpersonal metadiscourse category not only to present their findings cautiously but also to minimize the effects of Face Threatening Acts (FTAs. The purpose of the present study was to compare and contrast the frequency and types of hedges in Discussion sections of Environmental Sciences Research Articles (RAs written by English Research Writers (ERWs, Iranian Research Writers (IRWs who write in English, and Iranian Research Writers (IRWs who write in Farsi. To this end, 60 RAs in the targeted field were selected from leading journals (20 for each group, and then the used hedges were analyzed based on Salager-Meyer (1994 taxonomy. With regard to the use of hedges in English, this study did not find any significant differences between English and Iranian authors’ writings. However, the findings revealed significant differences between English and Farsi written articles. This discrepancy can be attributed to the nature of Farsi language which might consider less hedged texts as highly validated ones. However, this is opposed to the credibility of using hedges in this field in the international academic discourse community.

Alireza Bonyadi

2012-11-01

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Metafunctional Practices in Medical Research Articles: A Comparative Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to explore any possible difference among the verb types chosen in articles written in English by the non-natives and natives. In so doing, Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar (1994 was employed. 80published articles from the medical sciences field of study were chosen from among which40were written by native English writers and 40 by the non-natives. In the light of the guidelines on Experiential Metafunctions, the articles were analyzed. Then the Frequency of each common type of verb was computed. Having applied Chi-Square, the researchers found out that the native English speakers and non-native ones employ different types of verbs. According to the results, non-native English language researchers may introduce the types of the verbs based on their L1 norms. Finally it seems necessary for Language Teachers and ESP Materials developers to take into account such differences while teaching and adapting writing materials.

Nader Assadi

2014-06-01

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Talking to the Academy: Forms of Hedging in Science Research Articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Defines "hedging" as linguistic strategies that qualify categorical commitment to express possibility rather than certainty. Suggests that hedging is central to effective argument in scientific writing. Identifies the major forms, functions, and distribution of hedges in a corpus of 26 molecular biology research articles and describes the…

Hyland, Ken

1996-01-01

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Interacting with the Reader: Politeness in Engineering Research Article Discussions  

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Full Text Available The writer’s strategy to combine the exposition of factual information with personal judgement and interaction with the reader has been analysed in a number of studies (Hunston, 1994; Hyland, 1998a, 1998b; Latour and Woolgar, 1979; Skelton, 1997. Myers’ studies (1989, 1992 on the pragmatics of politeness in scientific articles analyse politeness strategies in regularities of scientific style that are usually explained in terms of conventions. In the context of scientific communication, the researcher performs two basic tasks: presenting a claim and contradicting former theories or beliefs. Both actions could be interpreted as impolite behaviours and constitute what Brown and Levinson (1987 call face threatening acts (FTAs. In this study we explore the presence of face-redressive politeness strategies in the discussion sections of engineering research articles. The data are drawn from a corpus of 46 discussion sections in the fields of computing, telecommunications, nanotechnology and robotics.La estrategia del escritor de combinar la exposición de información factual a la vez que expresa sus opiniones personales y mantiene la interacción con el lector ya ha sido objeto de análisis (Hunston, 1994; Hyland, 1998a, 1998b; Latour y Woolgar, 1979; Skelton, 1997. Los estudios de Myers (1989, 1992, enfocados a la pragmática de la cortesía en artículos científicos, analizan las estrategias de cortesía presentes en las regularidades del discurso científico, que tienden a ser consideradas como convenciones del género. En el contexto de la comunicación científica, el investigador realiza dos tareas básicas: presentar una hipótesis o afirmación científica y contradecir teorías u opiniones asumidas por la comunidad científica. Ambas acciones son susceptibles de ser consideradas descorteses y constituyen lo que Brown y Levinson (1987 denominan ‘actos de amenaza de la imagen pública’ (face threatening acts en su denominación inglesa. En este estudio se describen las estrategias de cortesía destinadas a preservar la imagen en las secciones de discusión de 46 artículos científicos pertenecientes a los campos de la informática, las telecomunicaciones, la nanotecnología y la robótica.

Luz Gil-Salom

2009-12-01

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The Management of the Engineering Research Article Format  

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Full Text Available The paper looks at how articles on engineering topics and some scholarly reports are organized. Technical writing uses a variety of devices to communicate fully. The medium where they are generally published varies, but, in general terms, their structures have many similarities. We are going to observe some particularities, in accordance with the factors that influence the production and interpretation of such a text.

Andrea Peterlicean

2011-11-01

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Focus Article: Replication in Second Language Writing Research  

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This paper discusses the meaning and range of replication in L2 research from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. In the first half of the paper, it will be argued that key quantitative studies need to be replicated to have their robustness and generalizability tested and that this is a requirement of scientific inquiry. Such research

Porte, Graeme; Richards, Keith

2012-01-01

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Research Article Introductions in Chinese and English: A Comparative Genre-Based Study  

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This study investigates the rhetorical organisation of English and Chinese research article introductions in the field of educational psychology using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) framework of move analysis. A corpus of 40 research articles (20 Chinese and 20 English) was selected. The English research articles, written by first-language…

Loi, Chek Kim

2010-01-01

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Writing Without Conviction? Hedging in Science Research Articles.  

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Argues that hedging in scientific research writing cannot be fully understood in isolation from social and institutional contexts and suggests a pragmatic framework which reflects this interpretive environment. Hedging is emphasized as a significant communicative resource for academics that confirms the writer's professional persona and assists in…

Hyland, Ken

1996-01-01

16

Differences in Quality between Thai and International Research Articles in ELT  

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This study seeks to explore potential problems of English Language Teaching (ELT) academics in Thailand in getting their research published in international journals. Using content analysis, the study analyzes and compares 100 research articles published by ELT academics in Thailand with 100 research articles published in international journals.…

Jaroongkhongdach, Woravut; Todd, Richard Watson; Keyuravong, Sonthida; Hall, David

2012-01-01

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Trends in Research Librarianship Literature: A Social Network Analysis of Articles  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to identify the bibliometric characteristics of research librarianship literature and to visualize relationships in research librarianship by means of social network analysis. It was found out that the majority (66% of the articles had single authorship and College & Research Libraries is the prominent actor among the research librarianship journals. It was also observed that Peter Hernon is the most productive and cited author in the field. The findings of this study can be used by the research librarianship community to better understand their core literature.

Umut Al

2012-04-01

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Building Consensus in Science: Resources for Intertextual Dialog in Biology Research Articles  

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This paper reports on the way article writers bring prior texts into biology research articles. It studies the functional moves in which citations occur and their formal features, providing a better understanding of the linguistic resources that are used to construct intertextuality in science. The results show the functions of citations were…

Martinez, Iliana A.

2008-01-01

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Brain Metastases Research 1990-2010: Pattern of Citation and Systematic Review of Highly Cited Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

High and continuously increasing research activity related to different aspects of prevention, prediction, diagnosis and treatment of brain metastases has been performed between 1990 and 2010. One of the major databases contains 2695 scientific articles that were published during this time period. Different measures of impact, visibility, and quality of published research are available, each with its own pros and cons. For this overview, article citation rate was chosen. Results. Among the 10...

Nieder, Carsten; Grosu, Anca L.; Mehta, Minesh P.

2012-01-01

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Brain Metastases Research 1990–2010: Pattern of Citation and Systematic Review of Highly Cited Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background. High and continuously increasing research activity related to different aspects of prevention, prediction, diagnosis and treatment of brain metastases has been performed between 1990 and 2010. One of the major databases contains 2695 scientific articles that were published during this time period. Different measures of impact, visibility, and quality of published research are available, each with its own pros and cons. For this overview, article citation rate was chosen. Results. ...

Nieder, Carsten; Grosu, Anca L.; Mehta, Minesh P.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Brain Metastases Research 1990-2010:Pattern of Citation and Systematic Review of Highly Cited Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

High and continuously increasing research activity related to different aspects of prevention, prediction, diagnosis and treatment of brain metastases has been performed between 1990 and 2010. One of the major databases contains 2695 scientific articles that were published during this time period. Different measures of impact, visibility, and quality of published research are available, each with its own pros and cons. For this overview, article citation rate was chosen. Results. Among the 10...

Nieder, Carsten; Grosu, Anca L.; Mehta, Minesh P.

2012-01-01

22

Evaluative Functions of Reporting Evidentials in English Research Articles of Applied Linguistics  

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Full Text Available Reporting evidentials are frequently used in Research Articles. Based on the data analysis of 50 English research articles of applied linguistics, the study shows that reporting evidentials not only function as indicating the information sources, but also have multiple evaluative functions. The analyses have proved this by showing the evaluative functions of reporting evidential in choosing different information sources and different realization forms. At the same time the persuasive effects and discourse implications of these different choices are also discussed.

Linxiu Yang

2013-05-01

23

Contribution to Research on Securitization: Assessment of SCI and SSCI Articles from 1996 To 2012  

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Full Text Available We conducted a study to gauge trends and contributions to the broad field of securitization. This article reviews 365 academic articles on securitization that were published in 47 Social Sciences Citation Index journals from 1996 to June 2012. We identified keywords and searched and determined related articles in the ISI Web of Science database. Our findings included the number of publications per year, categories of article types, main academic journals and authors, and most-cited articles. The citation counts for authors, journals, and articles were also analyzed. Results indicated that the number of articles related to the keyword “securitization” increased from 1996 to 2012, which suggests an upward trend in the influence of securitization. We also determined that “securitization” research fascinated numerous scholars during the 16-year period. In particular, researchers from the USA, Europe, Canada, and Asia contributed most to this field. This literature review provides evidence that the “securitization” concept has attracted academic researchers, which results in significant contributions to the field of entrepreneurial research. The findings in this study can help authors in future development of securitization.

King Jeng LU

2013-01-01

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"Ideal-Problem-Solution" (IPS) Model: A Discourse Model of Research Article Introductions (RAIS) in Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Research article introductions (RAIs) play a significant role in gaining publication, and therefore have been studied by many applied linguists. Research into RAIs published in Indonesia has begun to be developed (Adnan, 2009; Mirahayuni, 2001; Safnil, 2000), and generally conclude that Indonesian Humanities RAIs were structured differently from…

Adnan, Zifirdaus

2011-01-01

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Review Article: Second Language Acquisition of Bantu Languages--A (Mostly) Untapped Research Opportunity  

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This review article presents a summary of research on the second language acquisition of Bantu languages, including Swahili, Zulu, Xhosa and Lingala. Although second language (L2) research on these languages is currently very limited, work in morphosyntax and phonology suggests promising directions for future study, particularly on noun class,…

Spinner, Patti

2011-01-01

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Adventures in semantic publishing: exemplar semantic enhancements of a research article.  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have made to a recent biomedical research article taken from PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, providing enrichment to its content and increased access to datasets within it. These semantic enhancements include provision of live DOIs and hyperlinks; semantic markup of textual terms, with links to relevant third-party information resources; interactive figures; a re-orderable reference list; a document summary containing a study summary, a tag cloud, and a citation analysis; and two novel types of semantic enrichment: the first, a Supporting Claims Tooltip to permit "Citations in Context", and the second, Tag Trees that bring together semantically related terms. In addition, we have published downloadable spreadsheets containing data from within tables and figures, have enriched these with provenance information, and have demonstrated various types of data fusion (mashups) with results from other research articles and with Google Maps. We have also published machine-readable RDF metadata both about the article and about the references it cites, for which we developed a Citation Typing Ontology, CiTO (http://purl.org/net/cito/). The enhanced article, which is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000228.x001, presents a compelling existence proof of the possibilities of semantic publication. We hope the showcase of examples and ideas it contains, described in this paper, will excite the imaginations of researchers and publishers, stimulating them to explore the possibilities of semantic publishing for their own research articles, and thereby break down present barriers to the discovery and re-use of information within traditional modes of scholarly communication. PMID:19381256

Shotton, David; Portwin, Katie; Klyne, Graham; Miles, Alistair

2009-04-01

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Investigating Generic Structure of English Research Articles: Writing Strategy Differences between English and Indonesian Writers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract. Research into English research articles (RAs has largely been focused on articles produced by native English writers. This paper reports a study aiming to investigate the textual structure of research articles written by non-native English (i.e. Indonesian writers, which may contribute to their acceptance for international publication. A comparison is made between RAs written by native English speakers, an Indonesian writers writing in English, all in the field of Language and Language Teaching. It explores the relation of text's generic structure. The thesis develops a framework for the generic structure analysis based on Swales' (1990 Create-A­Research-Space (CARS model of moves. The analysis focuses on two RA sections: Introduction and Discussion. The findings indicate significant differences in both forms and functions of organizing strategics between the native and non-native texts. The differences may partly be due to the influence of writing practices in the non-native writers' first language and partly to the writer's attempt to find an appropriate format in the absence of well-established research writing conventions in the first language. Consequently, non-native English texts may show organizing strategies unfamiliar to both the native English and native Indonesian texts. Findings from the research highlight two issues. First, formal and functional differences of generic structure elements and their realizations between the native and non-native English texts may disadvantage the non-native writers, particularly with regards to employment of unfamiliar organizational

Ni Ketut Mirahayuni

2002-01-01

28

Rigor in Qualitative Social Work Research: A Review of Strategies Used in Published Articles  

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This study was conducted to describe strategies used by social work researchers to enhance the rigor of their qualitative work. A template was developed and used to review a random sample of 100 articles drawn from social work journals listed in the "2005 Journal Citation Reports: Science and Social Sciences Edition." Results suggest that the most…

Barusch, Amanda; Gringeri, Christina; George, Molly

2011-01-01

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Discourse Research in Mathematics Education: A Critical Evaluation of 108 Journal Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

There has been increased engagement in studying discourse in the field of mathematics education. But what exactly is a discourse, and how do researchers go about analyzing discourses? This study examines 108 articles from 6 international journals in mathematics education by asking questions such as these: In which traditions and in relation to…

Ryve, Andreas

2011-01-01

30

A Genre-Based Investigation of Discussion Sections of Research Articles in Dentistry and Disciplinary Variation  

Science.gov (United States)

Outwardly the rhetorical organisation of sections of research reports in different disciplines can appear similar. Close examination, however, may reveal subtle differences. Numerous studies have drawn on the genre-based approach developed by Swales (1990, 2004) to investigate the schematic structure of sections of articles in a range of…

Basturkmen, Helen

2012-01-01

31

EDITORIAL: 'Best article' prize for the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters 'Best article' prize for the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters  

Science.gov (United States)

To celebrate the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters (ERL) the publishers of the journal, IOP Publishing, have awarded a prize for the five best articles published in ERL since the journal began in 2006. The procedure for deciding the winning articles was as thorough as possible to ensure that the most outstanding articles would win the prize. A shortlist of 25 nominated research articles, five for each year since ERL was launched, which were chosen based on a range of criteria including novelty, scientific impact, readership, broad appeal and wider media coverage, was selected. The ERL Editorial Board then assessed and rated these 25 articles in order to choose a winning article for each year. We would like to announce that the following articles have been awarded ERL's 5th anniversary best article prize: 2006/7 The Bodélé depression: a single spot in the Sahara that provides most of the mineral dust to the Amazon forest Ilan Koren, Yoram J Kaufman, Richard Washington, Martin C Todd, Yinon Rudich, J Vanderlei Martins and Daniel Rosenfeld 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014005 2008 Causes and impacts of the 2005 Amazon drought Ning Zeng, Jin-Ho Yoon, Jose A Marengo, Ajit Subramaniam, Carlos A Nobre, Annarita Mariotti and J David Neelin 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 014002 2009 How difficult is it to recover from dangerous levels of global warming? J A Lowe, C Huntingford, S C B Raper, C D Jones, S K Liddicoat and L K Gohar 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014012 2010 Is physical water scarcity a new phenomenon? Global assessment of water shortage over the last two millennia Matti Kummu, Philip J Ward, Hans de Moel and Olli Varis 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 034006 2011 Implications of urban structure on carbon consumption in metropolitan areas Jukka Heinonen and Seppo Junnila 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014018 Our congratulations go to these authors. In recognition of their outstanding work, we are delighted to offer all of the authors of the winning articles free publication in the journal until the end of 2012. Of course all of the shortlisted papers were of great merit, and the full list of nominees can be found below (in alphabetical order). Nominees Achard F, DeFries R, Eva H, Hansen M, Mayaux P and Stibig H-J 2007 Environ. Res. Lett. 2 045022 Baccini A, Laporte N, Goetz S J, Sun M and Dong H 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 045011 Barona E, Ramankutty N, Hyman G and Coomes O T 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 024002 Charpentier A D, Bergerson J A and MacLean H L 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014005 Chester M V and Horvath A 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024008 Cooley S R and Doney S C 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024007 Diffenbaugh N S, White M A, Jones G V and Ashfaq M 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 024024 Farrell A E and Brandt A R 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014004 Graham W M, Condon R H, Carmichael R H, D'Ambra I, Patterson H K, Linn L J and Hernandez F J Jr 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 045301 Hansen J E 2007 Environ. Res. Lett. 2 024002 Heinonen J and Junnila S 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014018 Jackson R B et al 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 044006 Jiang M, Michael Griffin W, Hendrickson C, Jaramillo P, VanBriesen J and Venkatesh A 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 034014 Koren I, Kaufman Y J, Washington R, Todd M C, Rudich Y, Martins J V and Rosenfeld D 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014005 Kummu M, Ward P J, de Moel H and Varis O 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 034006 Lau W K M, Kim M-K, Kim K-M and Lee W-S 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 025204 Lindeboom H J et al 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 035101 Lowe J A, Huntingford C, Raper S C B, Jones C D, Liddicoat S K and Gohar L K 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014012 Möhler O, Benz S, Saathoff H, Schnaiter M, Wagner R, Schneider J, Walter S, Ebert V and Wagner S 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 025007 Menon S, Akbari H, Mahanama S, Sednev I and Levinson R 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 014005 Schneider A, Friedl M A and Potere D 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 044003 Sloan T and Wolfendale A W 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 024001 Tedesco M, Fettweis X, van den Broeke M R, van de Wal R S W, Smeets C J P P, van de Berg W J, Serreze M C a

Kammen, Dan; Wright, Guillaume

2011-12-01

32

nvestigating Generic Structure of English Research Articles: Writing Strategy Differences between English and Indonesian Writers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research into English research articles (RAs has largely been focused on articles produced by native English writers. This paper reports a study aiming to investigate the textual structure of research articles written by non-native English (i.e. Indonesian writers, which may contribute to their acceptance for international publication. A comparison is made between RAs written by native English speakers, an Indonesian writers writing in English, all in the field of Language and Language Teaching. It explores the relation of text's generic structure. The thesis develops a framework for the generic structure analysis based on Swales' (1990 Create-A-Research-Space (CARS model of moves. The analysis focuses on two RA sections: Introduction and Discussion. The findings indicate significant differences in both forms and functions of organizing strategies between the native and non-native texts. The differences may partly be due to the influence of writing practices in the non-native writers' first language and partly to the writer's attempt to find an appropriate format in the absence of well-established research writing conventions in the first language. Consequently, non-native English texts may show organizing strategies unfamiliar to both the native English and native Indonesian texts. Findings from the research highlight two issues. First, formal and functional differences of generic structure elements and their realizations between the native and non-native English texts may disadvantage the non-native writers, particularly with regards to employment of unfamiliar organizational strategies. Second, non-native English writers need to acquire knowledge of commonly used formal generic structure, and more importantly, the knowledge of the nature of scientific writing in English to be able to gain wider readership. The implications for further research and the teaching of academic writing are discussed.

Ni Ketut Mirahayuni

2003-01-01

33

Research Article Abstracts in Two Related Disciplines: Rhetorical Variation between Linguistics and Applied Linguistics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The previous studies on abstracts (e.g., Santos, 1996; Samraj, 2002; Pho, 2008) illustrate that disciplinary variation in research article abstracts is discernible. However, the studies of abstracts from two related disciplines are still limited. The present study aimed to explore the rhetorical moves of abstracts in the fields of linguistics and applied linguistics by investigating 200 abstracts published between 2009-2012. Hyland’s (2000) model of five rhetorical moves was chosen...

Watinee Suntara; Siriluck Usaha

2012-01-01

34

Research Article Abstracts in Two Related Disciplines: Rhetorical Variation between Linguistics and Applied Linguistics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The previous studies on abstracts (e.g., Santos, 1996; Samraj, 2002; Pho, 2008) illustrate that disciplinary variation in research article abstracts is discernible. However, the studies of abstracts from two related disciplines are still limited. The present study aimed to explore the rhetorical moves of abstracts in the fields of linguistics and applied linguistics by investigating 200 abstracts published between 2009-2012. Hyland’s (2000) model of five rhetorical moves was chosen as th...

Watinee Suntara; Siriluck Usaha

2013-01-01

35

Metadiscursive Distinction between Persian and English: An Analysis of Computer Engineering Research Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study tried to discover disciplinary distinctions between Persian and English in the academic genre. The focus was on the use of metadiscourse in the discipline of computer engineering research articles across the two languages. The selected corpus was analyzed through the model suggested by Hyland and Tse (2004). The results demonstrated that the two languages are distinct in their use of metadiscourse in the discipline studied. It was found that Persian, unlike English, relied on intera...

Gholam Reza Zarei; Sara Mansoori

2011-01-01

36

DESIGNING EAP MATERIALS BASED ON INTERCULTURAL CORPUS ANALYSES: THE CASE OF LOGICAL MARKERS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The ultimate aim of intercultural analyses in English for Academic Purposes is to help non-native scholars function successfully in the international disciplinary community in English. The aim of this paper is to show how corpus-based intercultural analyses can be useful to design EAP materials on a particular metadiscourse category, logical markers, in research article writing. The paper first describes the analysis carried out of additive, contrastive and consecutive logical markers in a co...

Mur Duen?as, Pilar

2009-01-01

37

Genre constraints across languages: causal metatext in Spanish and English Research Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper starts out by assuming that, despite a relative uniformity of research articles (RAs) imposed by the requirements of the genre, there will be significant intercultural variation in the rhetorical preferences of national cultures. Its aim is to find evidence for or against this assumption. To do so, it focuses on one micro-level feature of text rhetoric, the use of causal metatext (or text about text) in orienting readers in the interpretation of cause-effect intersentential ...

Moreno, Ana I.

1997-01-01

38

Discoursive analysis and pragmatic metadiscourse in four sub-areas of Economics research articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available English for Specific Purposes (ESP and English for Academic Purposes (EAP are two disciplines whose importance has been growing lately. This is due to the ever-increasing interest in the language that describes the most recent developments in varying disciplines and the need to communicate in and understand that language. One of the means for the spreading of those new developments in the different technologies is through research articles inspecialised journals. These impose certain rules that must be fulfilled by all researchers who want to see their papers published. Much literature has been written about this, covering most linguistic areas (see, for instance, Bazerman, 1988; Bhatia, 1993; Dudley-Evans, 1994; Fortanet, 2002. Many articles contrast different genres but rarely distinguish different sub-areas within a genre (Bridgman & Carlson, 1984; Malcolm, 1987; Hyland, 1988; Neff Van Aertselaer, 2006. In the present case, we will consider texts within the discipline of Economics. The aim of this paper is to show a structural, grammatical and metatextual analysis of ten articles recently published in very prestigious specialised publications, covering the most important areas of study in Economics. We conclude by making a contrastive rhetorical analysis of the four sub-genres analysed here. These are: Applied Economy, Quantitative Economy, Financial Economy, and Management and Business.

Concepción Hernández Guerra

2008-10-01

39

Persistence of information on the web: Analyzing citations contained in research articles  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We analyze the persistence of information on the web, looking at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer (ResearchIndex) database. The number of URLs contained in the papers has increased from an average of 0.06 in 1993 to 1.6 in 1999. We found that a significant percentage of URLs are now invalid, ranging from 23% for 1999 articles, to 53% for 1994. We also found that for almost all of the invalid URLs, it was possible to locate the information (or highly related information) in an alternate location, primarily with the use of search engines. However, the ability to relocate missing information varied according to search experience and effort expended. Citation practices suggest that more information may be lost in the future unless these practices are improved. We discuss persistent URL standards and their usage, and give recommendations for citing URLs in research articles as well as for finding the new location of invalid URLs.

Lawrance, S.; Coetzee, F.

2000-01-01

40

Overview of the VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI and QUERI theme articles: QUERI Series  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Continuing challenges to timely adoption of evidence-based clinical practices in healthcare have generated intense interest in the development and application of new implementation methods and frameworks. These challenges led the United States (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA to create the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI in the late 1990s. QUERI's purpose was to harness VA's health services research expertise and resources in an ongoing system-wide effort to improve the performance of the VA healthcare system and, thus, quality of care for veterans. QUERI in turn created a systematic means of involving VA researchers both in enhancing VA healthcare quality, by implementing evidence-based practices, and in contributing to the continuing development of implementation science. The efforts of VA researchers to improve healthcare delivery practices through QUERI and related initiatives are documented in a growing body of literature. The scientific frameworks and methodological approaches developed and employed by QUERI are less well described. A QUERI Series of articles in Implementation Science will illustrate many of these QUERI tools. This Overview article introduces both QUERI and the Series. Methods The Overview briefly explains the purpose and context of the QUERI Program. It then describes the following: the key operational structure of QUERI Centers, guiding frameworks designed to enhance implementation and related research, QUERI's progress and promise to date, and the Series' general content. QUERI's frameworks include a core set of steps for diagnosing and closing quality gaps and, simultaneously, advancing implementation science. Throughout the paper, the envisioned involvement and activities of VA researchers within QUERI Centers also are highlighted. The Series is then described, illustrating the use of QUERI frameworks and other tools designed to respond to implementation challenges. Conclusion QUERI's simultaneous pursuit of improvement and research goals within a large healthcare system may be unique. However, descriptions of this still-evolving effort, including its conceptual frameworks, methodological approaches, and enabling processes, should have applicability to implementation researchers in a range of health care settings. Thus, the Series is offered as a resource for other implementation research programs and researchers pursuing common goals in improving care and developing the field of implementation science.

Mittman Brian S

2008-02-01

 
 
 
 
41

The Influence of Genre Constraints on Author Representation in Medical Research Articles. The French Indefinite Pronoun On in IMRAD Research Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Scientific discourse is characterized by highly normative and strict genre constraints on language use, both on the macro (text) and micro (word) level. The purpose of this article is to study the distribution of the French indefinite pronoun on and its interpretative values across the sections of French-language medical articles (KIAP corpus) in the IMRAD format (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion). The main hypothesis is that the IMRAD structure entails a specific distribution o...

Anje Müller Gjesdal

2013-01-01

42

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management has a high long-term failure rate it continues to dominate research in the field. In the current research agenda, controversies and complexities in the evidence base are inadequately discussed, and claims about the likely success of weight management misrepresent available evidence. Conclusions Dietetic literature on weight management fails to meet the standards of evidence based medicine. Research in the field is characterised by speculative claims that fail to accurately represent the available data. There is a corresponding lack of debate on the ethical implications of continuing to promote ineffective treatment regimes and little research into alternative non-weight centred approaches. An alternative health at every size approach is recommended.

Aphramor Lucy

2010-07-01

43

El metadiscurso interpersonal en artículos de investigación Interpersonal metadiscourse in research articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados del análisis de una muestra de quince artículos de la Revista de Pedagogía con el objetivo de determinar la manera cómo los investigadores de la educación se interrelacionan con sus pares y comunican su posición y su compromiso con la disciplina. Para ello se identificaron las marcas metadiscursivas y su frecuencia de uso según las categorías de metadiscurso interpersonal propuestas por Hyland (1999a, 2000: mitigadores, enfatizadores, marcadores de actitud, marcadores relacionales y marcadores de persona. Los resultados revelan cierta variabilidad en el uso de las marcas interpersonales, la cual podría estar vinculada al tipo de investigación. La mitigación constituyó el rasgo más frecuente seguido por los marcadores relacionales y actitudinales. Se concluye que los investigadores de la educación tienen una tendencia a no imponer sus puntos de vista, muestran preocupación por proyectarse como persona y por persuadir a sus lectores para que estos acepten sus argumentos.This article reports on the results of the analysis of a sample of fifteen articles extracted from the journal Revista de Pedagogía in order to determine how education researchers interact with their peers and communicate their integrity and their compromise with the discipline. The analysis focused on the interpersonal metadiscourse category and its dimensions as proposed by Hyland (1999a, 2000: hedges, boosters, attitude markers, relational markers and person markers. The results reveal that the variability in the use of interpersonal markers could be linked to the type of research. Hedging constituted the most frequent trait followed by relation and attitude markers. I conclude that education researchers have a tendency not to impose their point of views. They are concerned with personal stance and with assuring that their arguments are accepted by their readers.

Rebecca Beke

2005-01-01

44

El metadiscurso interpersonal en artículos de investigación / Interpersonal metadiscourse in research articles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo se presentan los resultados del análisis de una muestra de quince artículos de la Revista de Pedagogía con el objetivo de determinar la manera cómo los investigadores de la educación se interrelacionan con sus pares y comunican su posición y su compromiso con la disciplina. Para ell [...] o se identificaron las marcas metadiscursivas y su frecuencia de uso según las categorías de metadiscurso interpersonal propuestas por Hyland (1999a, 2000): mitigadores, enfatizadores, marcadores de actitud, marcadores relacionales y marcadores de persona. Los resultados revelan cierta variabilidad en el uso de las marcas interpersonales, la cual podría estar vinculada al tipo de investigación. La mitigación constituyó el rasgo más frecuente seguido por los marcadores relacionales y actitudinales. Se concluye que los investigadores de la educación tienen una tendencia a no imponer sus puntos de vista, muestran preocupación por proyectarse como persona y por persuadir a sus lectores para que estos acepten sus argumentos. Abstract in english This article reports on the results of the analysis of a sample of fifteen articles extracted from the journal Revista de Pedagogía in order to determine how education researchers interact with their peers and communicate their integrity and their compromise with the discipline. The analysis focused [...] on the interpersonal metadiscourse category and its dimensions as proposed by Hyland (1999a, 2000): hedges, boosters, attitude markers, relational markers and person markers. The results reveal that the variability in the use of interpersonal markers could be linked to the type of research. Hedging constituted the most frequent trait followed by relation and attitude markers. I conclude that education researchers have a tendency not to impose their point of views. They are concerned with personal stance and with assuring that their arguments are accepted by their readers.

Beke, Rebecca.

45

Research articles in English: what should be considered before submitting a manuscript  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The author of this compact essay and also of a book on the same topic [1] has always realized that the successful submission of manuscripts to English–language journals invariably requires not only good English but also a high level of research and—in my compatriots’ view—a very special style in which the results should be presented. These prerequisites for successful submission are indispensable, because an editorial board will flatly reject as unreliable even the most interesting results if they are vague, poorly substantiated, and/or the manuscript is incomprehensible. In this study, these three pre-requisites—the level of the results, style of content presentation, and language—will be considered in relation to research articles (RA intended for submission to English–language journals. Special attention will be paid to the clear differences—despite globalization—in mentalities between Russian scientists and those originating from English-speaking environments, which will both facilitate success and alleviate the sense of bitterness amongst Russian scientists in the case of refusal by encouraging the researcher to adopt the appropriate method in subsequent efforts. Regardless of nationality, the potential contributor to a given journal should clearly understand that when submitting an RA manuscript, the author must either adhere to the journal’s standards or not waste his/her efforts. As the Russian proverb states: “Nobody goes to another monastery with one's own charter.” For convenience, the term author will be used hereafter to denote either a single person, tandem authors, or a team of researchers united by the aim of submitting an RA manuscript—this one included—to an English–language journal.

Alexey Nevorotin

2010-02-01

46

ARTICLE WATCH  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive slaughter, hartwell center, St. Jude children’s Research hospital, 332 north Lauderdale St., Memphis TN 38105–2794. Tel: (901) 495–4844; Fax: (901) 495–2945; email: clive.slaughter@stjude.org or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewe...

2007-01-01

47

ARTICLE WATCH  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Hartwell Center, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, 332 North Lauderdale St., Memphis TN 38105-2794. Tel: (901) 495-4844; Fax: (901) 495-2945; email: Clive.Slaughter@stjude.org or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer’s ...

2007-01-01

48

CRITICAL READING OF RESEARCH ARTICLES AS ORAL ACTIVATOR IN THE LANGUAGE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports on an experience carried out with second course students of the School of Aeronautical Engineers at the Polytechnic University of Madrid in the subject class Modern Technical Language. In the previous years the problem in that class had been the scarce participation of the students in the oral practices. They seemed to be lead and exclusively represented by a few students when it came to oral participation. The students proposed tackling recent research articles in which opinions could be discussed. The reading of these articles has risen new elements that work as language activators in the language classroom: critical reading and thinking have developed participation in the oral activities and produced a noticeable influence on their scientific and humanist thinking and behavior.From this, we may extract the consequence that the experience is not only related to scientific knowledge, since it has made them better speakers or speaking-counterparts and more class-participating and collaborative, which implies that the human, scientific and linguistic factors progress at the same time through the critical experience. This way, the exposition of their critical ideas has developed both their humanism and scientific mind. These two facets which seem to belong to far away fields become a bond in our experience: the process is scientific since it tries to be a systematic study of the knowledge fleshed in written texts and it is also humanist because it fulfils the students need to grow up as persons, that is absorbing knowledge and processing it in order to produce a new personal approach to the world.

Veronica VIVANCO

2012-07-01

49

Review Article: A Tree in the Wood--A Review of Research on L2 Chinese Acquisition  

Science.gov (United States)

There has been considerable research in Chinese as a second language (L2) in recent years, particularly in its morphological and syntactic aspects. This article reviews research in these aspects with reference to the broader discipline of second language acquisition (SLA) and suggests that L2 Chinese research has contributed to SLA through…

Zhao, Yang

2011-01-01

50

[Embryonic stem cell research in Brazil and the (un)constitutionality of article 5 of the biosafety act (Part I)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Brazilian Law on Biosafety was approved on March 2005. Subsequently, in May of this same year, the Attorney General of the Republic filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutional grounds of article 5 of the aforementioned Law. This article allows the use of embryonic stem cells in research and therapies obtained from surplus human embryos from techniques of in vitro fertilisations. PMID:18942511

de Sá, Maria de Fátima Freire; de Oliveiro Naves, Bruno Torquato

2008-01-01

51

Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: The first six months and the introduction of article processing charges  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Article processing charges (APCs) have recently been introduced for authors submitting papers to Cerebrospinal Fluid Research. This editorial is to inform readers about the need and use of APCs and about the advantages of free open access publishing.

Jones Hazel C

2005-01-01

52

Artigos científicos como recurso didático no ensino superior de Química Research articles as a didatic tool in undergraduate chemistry teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chemistry teachers increasingly use research articles in their undergraduate courses. This trend arises from current pedagogical emphasis on active learning and scientific process. In this paper, we describe some educational experiences on the use of research articles in chemistry higher education. Additionally, we present our own conclusions on the use of such methodology applied to a scientific communication course offered to undergraduate chemistry students at the University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Luciana Massi

2009-01-01

53

Changes to English as an Additional Language Writers' Research Articles: From Spoken to Written Register  

Science.gov (United States)

The process of writing journal articles is increasingly being seen as a collaborative process, especially where the authors are English as an Additional Language (EAL) academics. This study examines the changes made in terms of register to EAL writers' journal articles by a native-speaker writing centre advisor at a private university in Turkey.…

Koyalan, Aylin; Mumford, Simon

2011-01-01

54

Article Expression, Purification, and Characterization of Cu/ZnSOD from Panax Ginseng  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Superoxide dismutase (SOD has a strong antioxidant effect, but the traditional SOD extraction method is not the most efficient method of SOD amplification. In this study, we report the cloning of the Cu/ZnSOD gene from Panax ginseng into a temperature-regulated expression plasmid, pBV220. Cu/ZnSOD inclusion bodies were expressed in E. coli at a high level. Then, the inclusion bodies were purified by ion-exchange chromatography and molecular sieve chromatography. Finally, we obtained stable SOD in the bacterial broth, with a protein content of 965 mg/L and enzyme specific activity of 9389.96 U/mg. These results provide a foundation for future studies on the antioxidant mechanisms of ginseng and the development and application of ginseng Cu/ZnSOD.

Dayong Ding

2014-06-01

55

Article Expression, Purification, and Characterization of Cu/ZnSOD from Panax Ginseng.  

Science.gov (United States)

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) has a strong antioxidant effect, but the traditional SOD extraction method is not the most efficient method of SOD amplification. In this study, we report the cloning of the Cu/ZnSOD gene from Panax ginseng into a temperature-regulated expression plasmid, pBV220. Cu/ZnSOD inclusion bodies were expressed in E. coli at a high level. Then, the inclusion bodies were purified by ion-exchange chromatography and molecular sieve chromatography. Finally, we obtained stable SOD in the bacterial broth, with a protein content of 965 mg/L and enzyme specific activity of 9389.96 U/mg. These results provide a foundation for future studies on the antioxidant mechanisms of ginseng and the development and application of ginseng Cu/ZnSOD. PMID:24936711

Ding, Dayong; Liu, Shichao; Wang, Kai; Huang, Lihong; Zhao, Jisheng

2014-01-01

56

ARTICLE WATCH  

Science.gov (United States)

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive slaughter, hartwell center, St. Jude children’s Research hospital, 332 north Lauderdale St., Memphis TN 38105–2794. Tel: (901) 495–4844; Fax: (901) 495–2945; email: clive.slaughter@stjude.org or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer’s opinions and not necessarily those of the Association.

2007-01-01

57

Online research article discussion board to increase knowledge translation during emergency medicine residency  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Many clinicians have difficulties reading current best practice journal articles on a regular basis. Discussion boards are one method of online asynchronous learning that facilitates active learning and participation. We hypothesized that an online repository of best practice articles with a discussion board would increase journal article reading by emergency medicine residents. Methods Participants answered three questions weekly on a discussion board: What question does this study address? What does this study add to our knowledge? How might this change clinical practice? A survey regarding perceived barriers to participating was then distributed. Results Most participants completed an article summary once or twice in total (23/32, 71.9%). Only three were involved most weeks (3/32, 9.4%) whereas 5/32 (15.6%) participated monthly. The most common barriers were lack of time (20/32, 62.5%), difficulty logging on (7/32, 21.9%), and forgetting (6/32, 18.8%). Conclusion Although subjects were provided weekly with an article link, email, and feedback, journal article reading frequency did not increase.

Stoneking, Lisa R; Grall, Kristi H; Min, Alice A; Panchal, Ashish R

2013-01-01

58

Games as Learning Environments: Research stratElluminate Article ~ Strategies and issues  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER), is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these s...

2005-01-01

59

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

60

Opinion of Health Care Professionals Towards Submitting a Research Article to a Journal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are no specific criteria to measure a journals quality, but indexation of a journal in a reputed database such as PubMed/Medline, SCOPUS, EMBASE etc, and whether the journal is having an impact factor produced by Thomson Reuters are looked upon. Many more indexation database have come up recently, and authors are publishing more articles than before.

Srikanth

2013-08-01

 
 
 
 
61

Recognising Behaviour that Increases Learning: The Possible Role of Incentives in the Teaching Profession. Research Article  

Science.gov (United States)

This article argues that incentives can help increase teacher performance and retention. Incentives send out a clear signal of what an education system expects from its teachers; at the same time teachers do respond to incentives inherent in the education system. Many education systems have weak incentives and therefore fail to signal to teachers…

Mabogoane, Thabo; Patel, Firoz

2006-01-01

62

Elluminate Article: Research on Formal Virtual Learning Communities in Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER, is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these sessions, you must first download FREE software. Visit http://www.elluminate.com/support/ to download this software.

Richard Schwier

2005-07-01

63

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management ha...

2010-01-01

64

Methods Matter: Improving Causal Inference in Educational and Social Science Research: A Review Article  

Science.gov (United States)

Professors Richard J. Murnane and John B. Willett set out to capitalize on recent developments in education data and methodology by attempting to answer the following questions: How can new methods and data be applied most effectively in educational and social science research? What kinds of research designs are most appropriate? What kinds of…

Eide, Eric R.; Showalter, Mark H.

2012-01-01

65

Collection of NIDA Notes Articles that Address Research on Anabolic Steroids Abuse. Revised August 2009.  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: ge...

2009-01-01

66

Research Councils: Buffers under Cross Pressures. A Commentary on Pim Fenger's Article.  

Science.gov (United States)

One educator criticizes another's characterization (HE 530 510) of national research councils as part of a linear multitiered structure, interpretation of the roles of two British councils, and assumptions about decision-making and policy-setting processes. (MSE)

Kogan, Maurice

1992-01-01

67

Assessment of Fraud Pretentious Business Region Research Articles Using Data Mining Approaches  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In any organization, fraud detection and prevention is daunting task because millions of dollars lost with the different nature of fraudulent activities. Organizations got to engage intelligent andinnovative techniques to detect fraud at the earliest opportunity to protect business and their shareholders, customers and employees. This paper surveyed different fraud detection research articlesfrom the year 2004 to 2012 based on data mining techniques. This research work used to analyze the dif...

2013-01-01

68

Assessment of Fraud Pretentious Business Region Research Articles Using Data Mining Approaches  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In any organization, fraud detection and prevention is daunting task because millions of dollars lost with the different nature of fraudulent activities. Organizations got to engage intelligent andinnovative techniques to detect fraud at the earliest opportunity to protect business and their shareholders, customers and employees. This paper surveyed different fraud detection research articlesfrom the year 2004 to 2012 based on data mining techniques. This research work used to analyze the different affected business areas which discusses the data mining algorithms by higher fraud coverage. It also highlights the important challenges and limitations involved with the data mining techniques for detecting fraudulent activities.

Beulah Jeba Jaya Y.

2013-07-01

69

From Dissertation to Publication: Converting Doctoral Research into a Peer-Reviewed Journal Article  

Science.gov (United States)

"The Journal of Applied Research in the Community College" (JARCC) actively seeks scholarly submissions on community colleges that originate from doctoral dissertations. Understanding the scope and complexity of community and junior colleges nationally requires multiple vantage points. Newly minted doctorates and doctoral candidates can provide a…

Rodriquez-Kiino, Diane

2012-01-01

70

DESIGNING EAP MATERIALS BASED ON INTERCULTURAL CORPUS ANALYSES: THE CASE OF LOGICAL MARKERS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES DESIGNING EAP MATERIALS BASED ON INTERCULTURAL CORPUS ANALYSES: THE CASE OF LOGICAL MARKERS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The ultimate aim of intercultural analyses in English for Academic Purposes is to help non-native scholars function successfully in the international disciplinary community in English. The aim of this paper is to show how corpus-based intercultural analyses can be useful to design EAP materials on a particular metadiscourse category, logical markers, in research article writing. The paper first describes the analysis carried out of additive, contrastive and consecutive logical markers in a co...

Pilar Mur Dueñas

2009-01-01

71

El atributo de funcionalidad en el cibergénero Artículo de Investigación The functionality attribute in the cybergenre Research Article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es describir y analizar el cibergénero científico-académico Artículo de Investigación desde el punto de vista de su funcionalidad y en consecuencia, el valor informativo de sus links. A tal fin, se seleccionaron 90 hiperartículos pertenecientes al campo de la Psicología, Matemática y Biología y se los analizó teniendo en cuenta los atributos de funcionalidad propuestos por M. Shepherd, C. Watters y A. Kennedy (2004. Los resultados muestran que el cibergénero Artículo de Investigación presenta características funcionales que benefician ampliamente al lector-investigador y que marcan una diferencia significativa respecto a las posibilidades que ofrecen los Artículos de Investigación publicados en medios impresos.The aim of this paper is to describe and analize the functionality attribute and the consequent informative value of the links of the cybergenre Research Article. 90 hyperarticles in the field of Psychology, Mathematicas and Biology were collected for this purpose and analized following M. Shepherd, C. Watters and A. Kennedy's (2004 categorization of the functionality attribute. Results show that the Research Article cybergenre has functional characteristics that greatly benefit the reader-researcher and make an important difference regarding the possibilities offered by paper issued Research Articles.

María Marcela Puebla

2011-01-01

72

El atributo de funcionalidad en el cibergénero Artículo de Investigación / The functionality attribute in the cybergenre Research Article  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito de este trabajo es describir y analizar el cibergénero científico-académico Artículo de Investigación desde el punto de vista de su funcionalidad y en consecuencia, el valor informativo de sus links. A tal fin, se seleccionaron 90 hiperartículos pertenecientes al campo de la Psicología, [...] Matemática y Biología y se los analizó teniendo en cuenta los atributos de funcionalidad propuestos por M. Shepherd, C. Watters y A. Kennedy (2004). Los resultados muestran que el cibergénero Artículo de Investigación presenta características funcionales que benefician ampliamente al lector-investigador y que marcan una diferencia significativa respecto a las posibilidades que ofrecen los Artículos de Investigación publicados en medios impresos. Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to describe and analize the functionality attribute and the consequent informative value of the links of the cybergenre Research Article. 90 hyperarticles in the field of Psychology, Mathematicas and Biology were collected for this purpose and analized following M. Shepherd, [...] C. Watters and A. Kennedy's (2004) categorization of the functionality attribute. Results show that the Research Article cybergenre has functional characteristics that greatly benefit the reader-researcher and make an important difference regarding the possibilities offered by paper issued Research Articles.

María Marcela, Puebla; Andrea, Puchmuller.

73

The History and Current Status of Otter Research within Canada based on Peer Reviewed Journal Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Canada, there are two species of otters, the river otter (Lontra canadensis and the sea otter (Enhydra lutris. The river otter is considered to be plentiful and ranges throughout a large part of Canada. On the other hand, the sea otter is classified as of Special Concern and only small translocated colonies are found along the coastline of Vancouver Island and British Columbia. The scientific literature was reviewed with respect to both river and sea otter research performed within Canada since 1970 to evaluate the number and topics of research papers that had been published dealing with these otter species. Since 1970, 25 papers have been published, most of the research concentrating on contaminants (mercury, organochlorines in river otters (80%. There is only 1 scientific paper (1978 dealing with the sea otter (4%. Almost half of publications studying river otters were from or in combination from the province of Ontario (48%. Miscellaneous topics made up 16% of the publications. This paper reveals that in Canada very little scientific work has been published dealing with sea otters and that a huge number of the publications deal with river otters found within the province of Ontario. Thus since 1970, there has been a serious lack of research dealing with either otter species and that most of that work has had no structure or focus. It is hoped that government agencies, the scientific community, non government organizations, and interested groups can organize strategies and granting opportunities to increase the amount of scientific studies to further understand and protect future populations of these 2 species in Canada.

Luke Tan

2010-01-01

74

Contributions from Alfred Schütz’s phenomenological sociology for nursing research - review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Understanding the human being is a complex task, because it involves biological, psychological and social questions. Investigation of Cartesian procedure had suffered ruptures, mainly because of the criticism to objectivity, on dealing whit human questions. In the end of nineteen century, phenomenology is born as a philosophical-methodological option for research, in which Comprehensive Sociology, from Alfred Schütz, outstands. This study’s objective is discuss some of the possible contributions from Schütz’s Phenomenological Sociology for nursing research. The main concepts boarded were intentionality, intersubjectivity, determined biographical situation, human actions, typification and social relation. Phenomenological research seeks the meanings that people attribute to their own experience, which are revealed with these people’s descriptions. Alfred Scütz’s phenomenological sociology aims the subjective meaning of the human actions, trying to establish the ideal type by typification. These concepts can be used as a theoretical-methodological base to investigate about things lived in the social world, mainly when it is about a social world in which nursing professionals are part of.

Diego Schaurich

2008-04-01

75

Contributions from Alfred Schütz’s phenomenological sociology for nursing research - review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Understanding the human being is a complex task, because it involves biological, psychological and social questions. Investigation of Cartesian procedure had suffered ruptures, mainly because of the criticism to objectivity, on dealing whit human questions. In the end of nineteen century, phenomenology is born as a philosophical-methodological option for research, in which Comprehensive Sociology, from Alfred Schütz, outstands. This study’s objective is discuss some of the possible contributions from Schütz’s Phenomenological Sociology for nursing research. The main concepts boarded were intentionality, intersubjectivity, determined biographical situation, human actions, typification and social relation. Phenomenological research seeks the meanings that people attribute to their own experience, which are revealed with these people’s descriptions. Alfred Scütz’s phenomenological sociology aims the subjective meaning of the human actions, trying to establish the ideal type by typification. These concepts can be used as a theoretical-methodological base to investigate about things lived in the social world, mainly when it is about a social world in which nursing professionals are part of.

Marcio Wagner Camatta

2008-08-01

76

Research article: Watershed management councils and scientific models: Using diffusion literature to explain adoption  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent literature on the diffusion of innovations concentrates either specifically on public adoption of policy, where social or environmental conditions are the dependent variables for adoption, or on private adoption of an innovation, where emphasis is placed on the characteristics of the innovation itself. This article uses both the policy diffusion literature and the diffusion of innovation literature to assess watershed management councils' decisions to adopt, or not adopt, scientific models. Watershed management councils are a relevant case study because they possess both public and private attributes. We report on a survey of councils in the United States that was conducted to determine the criteria used when selecting scientific models for studying watershed conditions. We found that specific variables from each body of literature play a role in explaining the choice to adopt scientific models by these quasi-public organizations. The diffusion of innovation literature contributes to an understanding of how organizations select models by confirming the importance of a model's ability to provide better data. Variables from the policy diffusion literature showed that watershed management councils that employ consultants are more likely to use scientific models. We found a gap between those who create scientific models and those who use these models. We recommend shrinking this gap through more communication between these actors and advancing the need for developers to provide more technical assistance.

King, M. D.; Burkardt, N.; Clark, B. T.

2006-01-01

77

Retrospective labelling in premise-conclusion metatext: An English-Spanish contrastive study of research articles on business and economics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study assumes that, despite the relative uniformity of research articles (RAs) imposed by the requirements of the genre, there may be intercultural variation in the rhetorical preferences of different writing cultures. The paper develops further Moreno’s (1998) model for the comparison of the metatext employed in English and Spanish to signal premise-conclusion intersentential coherence relations. It does so by focusing on the types and preference of use of retrospective cohesiv...

Moreno, Ana I.

2004-01-01

78

LAS CONCLUSIONES DE LOS ARTÍCULOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN EN HISTORIA / THE CONCLUSION SECTION IN THE HISTORY RESEARCH ARTICLES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A pesar de los numerosos estudios de Movidas Retóricas en Artículos de Investigación, existen escasos estudios sobre la sección conclusiones en la disciplina de la historia. En este contexto, el objetivo de nuestra investigación es analizar las conclusiones de los Artículos de Investigación en histo [...] ria en un corpus de revistas de categoría ISI en Suramérica. Los resultados permiten comprobar que la sección conclusiones no es una sección que se presenta en un 100% en historia, y, además, que la Movida Retórica más típica de esta sección es interpretar resultados. Nuestro objeto de estudio sirve de soporte para la comprensión de este género en historia, además de ser una herramienta para la enseñanza de la escritura científica. Abstract in english Despite the numerous studies of Rhetorical Moves in Research Articles, there are few studies on the conclusions section in the discipline of history. In this context, the aim of our research is to analyze the conclusions section of Research Articles in history in a corpus of ISI category journals in [...] South America. The results allow us to prove that the conclusions section does not appear in a 100% in history, and also that the most typical rhetoric move in this section is to interpret results. Our object of study supports the understanding of this genre in history, besides being a tool for teaching scientific writing.

Miguel, Fuentes Cortés.

79

Dynamic expression of ancient and novel molluscan shell genes during ecological transitions; Research article  

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Background: The Mollusca constitute one of the most morphologically and ecologically diverse metazoan phyla, occupying a wide range of marine, terrestrial and freshwater habitats. The evolutionary success of the molluscs can in part be attributed to the evolvability of the external shell. Typically, the shell first forms during embryonic and larval development, changing dramatically in shape, colour and mineralogical composition as development and maturation proceeds. Major developmental tran...

Jackson, Daniel J.; Wo?rheide, Gert; Degnan, Bernard M.

2007-01-01

80

Text mining of full-text journal articles combined with gene expression analysis reveals a relationship between sphingosine-1-phosphate and invasiveness of a glioblastoma cell line  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P, a lysophospholipid, is involved in various cellular processes such as migration, proliferation, and survival. To date, the impact of S1P on human glioblastoma is not fully understood. Particularly, the concerted role played by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP and S1P in aggressive tumor behavior and angiogenesis remains to be elucidated. Results To gain new insights in the effect of S1P on angiogenesis and invasion of this type of malignant tumor, we used microarrays to investigate the gene expression in glioblastoma as a response to S1P administration in vitro. We compared the expression profiles for the same cell lines under the influence of epidermal growth factor (EGF, an important growth factor. We found a set of 72 genes that are significantly differentially expressed as a unique response to S1P. Based on the result of mining full-text articles from 20 scientific journals in the field of cancer research published over a period of five years, we inferred gene-gene interaction networks for these 72 differentially expressed genes. Among the generated networks, we identified a particularly interesting one. It describes a cascading event, triggered by S1P, leading to the transactivation of MMP-9 via neuregulin-1 (NRG-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, and the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA. This interaction network has the potential to shed new light on our understanding of the role played by MMP-9 in invasive glioblastomas. Conclusion Automated extraction of information from biological literature promises to play an increasingly important role in biological knowledge discovery. This is particularly true for high-throughput approaches, such as microarrays, and for combining and integrating data from different sources. Text mining may hold the key to unraveling previously unknown relationships between biological entities and could develop into an indispensable instrument in the process of formulating novel and potentially promising hypotheses.

DeSesa Catherine

2006-08-01

 
 
 
 
81

Research Notes: International Relations Theories, Article 95EC Legal Basis and the Delimitation of Competences Between the EU and the Member States  

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Full Text Available This article has been written by a student participant of the ‘Legal Research Methodologies in European Union and International Law’ workshop series as detailed in the three Research Notes - 'Legal Research Methodologies in European Union and International Law', by Tamara Hervey, Rob Cryer, Bal Sokhi-Bulley . The article introduces the student’s PhD project and details some of the methodological research issues which the AHRC funded workshops have helped the student to address.

Anatole Abaquesne De Parfouru

2008-11-01

82

Express Routing Transportation Surveys. Research Department Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Express routing, under consideration by San Diego (California) Public Schools, is a form of bus transportation that picks up and drops off students at centralized points instead of driving through residential neighborhoods. This report examines other, similar districts' experiences in applying express routing in integration and other school…

Bell, Peter D.

83

Design guidelines for adapting scientific research articles: An example from an introductory level, interdisciplinary program on soft matter  

Science.gov (United States)

We present design guidelines for using Adapted Primary Literature (APL) as part of current interdisciplinary topics to introductory physics students. APL is a text genre that allows students to comprehend a scientific article, while maintaining the core features of the communication among scientists, thus representing an authentic scientific discourse. We describe the adaptation of a research paper by Nobel Laureate Paul Flory on phase equilibrium in polymer-solvent mixtures that was presented to high school students in a project-based unit on soft matter. The adaptation followed two design strategies: a) Making explicit the interplay between the theory and experiment. b) Re-structuring the text to map the theory onto the students' prior knowledge. Specifically, we map the theory of polymer-solvent systems onto a model for binary mixtures of small molecules of equal size that was already studied in class.

Langbeheim, Elon; Safran, Samuel A.; Yerushalmi, Edit

2013-01-01

84

Comment to the Article by van Arensbergen and van den Besselaar "The Selection of Scientific Talent in the Allocation of Research Grants"  

Science.gov (United States)

The article entitled "The selection of scientific talent in the allocation of research grants" by van Arensbergen and van den Besselaar published in "Higher Education Policy" 25/3 (2012) is based on research that both researchers carried out on behalf of The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. In this comment, we want to address…

Maessen, K. M. H.

2012-01-01

85

Research on Dynamic Facial Expressions Recognition  

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Full Text Available Human-computer intelligent interaction (HCII is usually based on facial expression recognition. A dynamic facial expression recognition method based on video sequence is proposed in this paper, which uses Gaussian of Mixture Hidden Markov Model. Firstly, we get some special facial expression regions, in which the motion features are extracted and described as phase form and then constituted to eigen-sequences. Secondly we use Gaussian of Mixture Hidden Markov Model to learn and test these eigen-sequences, and recognize six universal facial expressions: angry, disgust, fear, happy, sad and surprise. And we developed an experimental system based on our algorithm. The experimental results show that the computing time and the error of vector quantization is reduced, while the classification efficiency is improved.

Xiaoning Peng

2009-04-01

86

Collaborative Work as an Alternative for Writing Research Articles / El trabajo colaborativo como alternativa para la escritura de artículos investigativos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Los escritos académicos en inglés, en nuestro contexto, representan un aspecto significativo que puede ser innovador cuando se usa un modelo de convergencia en las etapas de la escritura a través del trabajo colaborativo. En este artículo se presenta un estudio que buscó analizar cómo el trabajo col [...] aborativo se relaciona con los escritos académicos que desarrollan en inglés los estudiantes de pregrado de ingeniería electrónica de una universidad colombiana, que seguían etapas específicas de escritura. Para la recolección de la información se tuvieron en cuenta apuntes, escritos hechos por los estudiantes y entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Los resultados muestran que la escritura es viable si los estudiantes siguen las etapas y reciben retroalimentación por parte del profesor. Así mismo, el trabajo colaborativo permitió la escritura de artículos de investigación de una forma fácil y dinámica. Abstract in english Academic writing in English in our context is a significant aspect that can be innovative when a convergence model of writing stages is used along with collaborative work. This article reports on a study aimed at analyzing how collaborative work relates to undergraduate electronics students' academi [...] c writing development in English as a foreign language at a Colombian university, following some specific writing stages. Field notes, students' artifacts, and semi-structured interviews were the instruments used to gather information. The results showed that writing is achievable if students can follow stages and receive feedback from the teacher. Additionally, collaborative work allowed students to write research articles in an easy and dynamic way.

Nancy Emilce, Carvajal Medina; Eliana Edith, Roberto Flórez.

87

Research on Express Logistics Competitiveness Based on Value Chain Analysis  

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Full Text Available From the view of value chain, the article analyzes the forming mechanism of logistics value chain, and the value of the various aspects of the express delivery. By that way, express enterprises can identify the value-added parts from the whole process of mails or goods from senders to receivers, and all these parts will lead to logistics value added. Based on value chain analysis, a model of logistics competitiveness is established. The model includes four aspects: location, network optimization / integration, value-added services / response and performance measures, which form the core competitiveness for express enterprises.

Xingjian Zhou

2013-01-01

88

Authoring Wikipedia Articles as an Information Literacy Assignment: Copy-Pasting or Expressing New Understanding in One's Own Words?  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: We report on a pilot study of students' use of sources in authoring Wikipedia articles. The procedure is demonstrated by investigating how students processed texts from sources to compose their own texts. Method: Four groups of upper secondary school students (aged 17-18 years) participated in an eight-week geography course and seven…

Sormunen, Eero; Lehtio, Leeni

2011-01-01

89

Research on Individualized Product Requirement Expression Based on Semantic Network  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to establish an effective platform for individualized product development, the individualized product requirement expression forms were put forward. The diversity Semantic Network of product knowledge representation was researched based on the dualistic semantic network, and the product requirement framework model was established. Thereby the validity, reliability and consistency of the requirement expression process were ensured. Finally an example of customer requirement expression model about differential mechanism based on semantic network was described to satisfy with the individualized product design system.

Yang, Qin; Pan, Xiuqin; Wei, Daozhu; Wu, Ke

90

Laminate article  

Science.gov (United States)

A laminate article comprises a substrate and a biaxially textured (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer over the substrate, wherein 0laminate article can include a layer of YBCO over the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer. A layer of CeO.sub.2 between the YBCO layer and the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer can also be include. Further included can be a layer of YSZ between the CeO.sub.2 layer and the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer. The substrate can be a biaxially textured metal, such as nickel. A method of forming the laminate article is also disclosed.

Williams, Robert K. (Knoxville, TN); Paranthaman, Mariappan (Knoxville, TN); Chirayil, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN); Lee, Dominic F. (Knoxville, TN); Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN); Feenstra, Roeland (Knoxville, TN)

2002-01-01

91

An Empirical Research of Chinese Learners’ Acquisition of the English Article System — Based on Syntactic Misanalysis Account  

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Full Text Available In the field of applied linguistics, the English article is the acknowledged teaching and learning difficulty and receives lots of attention in second language acquisition (SLA. This paper, based on the Syntactic Misanalysis Account (SMA advocated by Trenkic in which L2 articles are analyzed as adjectives by L2ers, proposes the English article is the functional category with null semantic meaning and its production is syntactic-driven. The English Proficiency Test and the Forced Choice Elicitation Task have been conducted with 41 freshmen, 41 sophomores and 41 juniors of English majors in Xi’an University of Science and Technology (XUST, which finds L2ers from L1 Chinese maybe relate referential meaning of definite to the perceptible referent but the meaning of indefinite to the non-recognizable referent and thus produce substitution errors in their English article choices.

Shi Jian

2013-03-01

92

A Contrastive Study on Transitional Markers in English Language Teaching Research Articles Written by English and Persian Academic Writers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study attempted to work on the distributions of the Transitional Markers in a corpus of thirty articles related to the discipline of English Language Teaching. All of the articles are written in English, fifteen by academic writers who are native speakers of English and the other fifteen by Persian academic writers. Using descriptive statistics, it was revealed that the Transitional Markers belonging to the categories of contrast and purpose were more used by ...

Mansooreh Elahi; Mohammad Taghi Badeleh

2013-01-01

93

Protective articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This patent specification describes an article affording protection against radiation, and especially against X-rays comprising at least one flexible layer of lead filled material in an envelope of, or sandwiched between two layers of a knitted, woven or non-woven fabric preferably of synthetic fibrous material, carrying on its outer surface a coating of flexible polyurethane. The outer fabric provides a resilient, extremely tough and cut resistant covering for the relatively soft lead filled material. (author)

1982-03-10

94

??????????????????????? The Status Quo of Library and Information Science Research in Taiwan: A Meta-Analysis of Journal Articles and Dissertations/Theses  

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Full Text Available ??????????????????20??1,746??????9??????????311????????????????????????????????8??????Excel?SPSS??????????????8????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????20?????5????????????????????????????????????????This research uses wiki platform to collect 1,746 articles from 20 Library and Information Science-related journals and 311 theses and/or dissertations from 9 universities. According to Library Information Science Research Areas Classification Scheme, these articles can be divided into eight areas and analyzed statistically by applying Excel and SPSS. The result shows that the collected articles are distributed evenly in these eight research areas. However, the total amount of articles is decreasing. The research focus of theses and dissertations have mainly been on “Services to user populations”, “information systems and retrieval”, and “Organization of information”. By using cluster analysis, 20 journals can be separated into five groups and the similarities of the journals within the same group are very high. From the distribution of topics of the journals, theses and dissertations, the status quo of Library and Information Science research can be understood.

James C. Ouyang

2006-06-01

95

Tracing convergence and divergence in pairs of Spanish and English research article abstracts: The case of Ibérica  

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Full Text Available This paper investigates patterns of rhetorical convergence and divergence in pairs of RA abstracts (English-Spanish and Spanish-English published in the journal Ibérica. To that end, a total of 84 pairs of author-translated RA abstracts were analyzed. Based on the results of a pilot study, the following rhetorical patterns were analyzed in the corpus: text-referring expressions, degree of epistemic commitment, amplified attitude, self-mention, and periphrastic (e.g. multi-word expressions. In addition, selected authorial input was requested to seek further explanations about the variation across these two languages. For text-referring expressions, broad cross-linguistic convergence was found in the expressions used and the degree to which the text is given agency. By contrast, the abstracts in Spanish were found to include greater degree of epistemic commitment, more amplified expressions of attitude, more self-mention, particularly in the plural first person, and periphrastic equivalents. Authorial input indicated that some of these diverging patterns were due to collocational differences but they were also influenced by beliefs about what is more natural in Spanish. Our results suggest that there may be specific lexical bundles performing intensifying functions in Spanish that deserve further investigation. These findings may have implications for ESP pedagogy and translation studies.

Moisés Perales-Escudero

2011-04-01

96

The desire for the ineffable : on the myth of music as absolute : research article (2009/544)  

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This article proposes to establish and critique connections between religious and musico-aesthetic conceptions of in-effability by exploring the link between neoplatonic thought and romantic aesthetics. The central thesis is that recourse to the ineffable is often made by resorting to theological tenets and, consequently, that romantic aesthetics, although desperately trying to disengage itself from theological thinking, can in fact be interpreted as being inextricably bound up with it. Takin...

Froneman, Willemien

2009-01-01

97

Do open access working papers attract more citations compared to printed journal articles from the same research unit?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents the results of an empirical case study of the characteristics of citations received by 10 open accessible non-peer reviewed working papers published by a prestigious multidisciplinary, but basically social science institute, compared to 10 printed peer reviewed journal articles published in the same year (2004) by the same institute and predominantly by the same authors. The study analyzes the total amount of citations and citation impact observed in Web of Science (WoS) a...

Ingwersen, Peter; Elleby, Anita Bjerg

2011-01-01

98

Autoriaus pozicijos švelninimas: tarpdalykiniai ir tarpkalbiniai raiškos priemoni? ypatumai. Hedging in Lithuanian and English research articles: a cross – disciplinary and cross – linguistic study  

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Full Text Available Hedging is a linguistic strategy frequently employed in scientific writing to diminish the author‘s commitment to the accompanying proposition and to mitigate claims, thus presenting a proposition as a possibility or probability rather than a fact. This article describes the results of a pilot study on the frequency and variety of hedging devices in Lithuanian and English research articles in two different disciplines (linguistics and medicine. The study is limited to lexical hedges only. The results of a cross – disciplinary study demonstrate that in the field of medicine, researchers tend to hedge less and hence are much more determined in their claims than linguists in both languages. The cross – linguistic study shows that English speaking researchers seem to use significantly more hedging devices than their Li­thuanian speaking colleagues in both disciplines. The variety of hedges used in English was also wider than in Lithuanian. Most frequently used hedges in both languages in linguistic articles were adverbs, whereas in medical articles it was modal verbs.

Jolanta Šink?nien?

2008-01-01

99

Library and Information Science Research Areas: A Content Analysis of Articles from the Top 10 Journals 2007-8  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study seeks to describe and analyze journal research publications in the top 10 Library and Information Science journals from 2007-8. The paper presents a statistical descriptive analysis of authorship patterns (geographical distribution and affiliation) and keywords. Furthermore, it displays a thorough content analysis of keywords and…

Aharony, Noa

2012-01-01

100

Genetic relationship and diversity in a sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) germplasm collection using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP); research article  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Sesame is an important oil crop in tropical and subtropical areas. Despite its nutritional value and historic and cultural importance, the research on sesame has been scarce, particularly as far as its genetic diversity is concerned. The aims of the present study were to clarify genetic relationships among 32 sesame accessions from the Venezuelan Germplasm Collection, which represents genotypes from five diversity centres (India, Africa, China-Korea-Japan, Central Asia and Western...

Laurentin, Herna?n E.; Karlovsky, Petr

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Investigating Frequency and Distribution of Transition Markers in English and Persian Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Focusing on Their Introduction Sections  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The pressure to produce work in English and to publish internationally has increased over recent years. However, a large number of non-native writers may be excluded from the web of global scholarship due to defective rhetorical organizations and discourse structures of their works. This study aimed to investigate frequency and distribution of transition markers (TMs) in introduction sections of applied linguistics research articles (RAs) written by native writers of English (NE), non- native...

Leila Bahrami

2012-01-01

102

The role of energy in creating opportunities for income generation in the Indian Himalayas Original Research Article  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Although it is clear that there are links between access to modern energy carriers and economic development, the necessary understanding of these links is lacking. Research in literature shows mixed results. This paper studies the mechanisms that link energy supply and impacts on income generation. Empirical data from 264 small scale enterprises in 16 clusters of villages in the Indian Himalayas is analysed. The steps between energy supply and impacts on enterprise are stratified, studying actual energy use of energy services. The analysis shows that for the majority of typical enterprises in rural areas, which are informal enterprises with less than 6 workers, the impacts on incomes are low even though the uptake of electricity in enterprises is high. The key factor influencing impacts on incomes is limitations in access to markets for enterprise products, especially social access. For most small scale rural entrepreneurs the main impacts of energy access are on wellbeing. The findings are discussed to come to policy recommendations in the field of energy supply and complementary fields to achieving positive impacts on rural development.

Kooijman-van Dijk, A.L.

2012-02-15

103

A Comparison Study on the Rhetorical Moves of Abstracts in Published Research Articles and Master’s Foreign-language Theses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The abstract of research papers is one of the first things that a reader will read to determine the value of the research. A well-written abstract will surely promote the text attached to it more effectively. By examining the rhetorical moves in the abstracts of Chinese Master’s English theses and published research articles in applied linguistics, this study compares the practices of student writers and expert writers in fulfilling the rhetorical goal of abstracts to shed light on the degree to which students appropriate to the practices of their own discipline and to provide relevant ESP materials for both teachers and student writers of applied linguistics, especially those who write in English as a foreign language.

Hongwei Ren

2011-02-01

104

Research development of the relationship between thymidine phosphorylase expression and colorectal carcinoma  

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Full Text Available Thymidine phosphorylase (TP is a key enzyme that contributes to the composition and decomposition of pyrimidine nucleotides. TP seems homologous to platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor, and its effects on inducing vascularization and anti-apoptosis are closely related to growth and metastasis of colorectal carcinoma. In addition, TP is a key enzyme that catalyzes the transformation from 5-fluorouracil (FU prodrugs of 5?-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5?-DFUR to 5-FU. The activity of TP is closely related to the sensitivity of colorectal carcinoma cells to fluorouracil drugs and targeted therapy. Given the important functions of TP in growth, metastasis, tumor treatment, and prognosis, determining its expression mechanism is significant. This article summarizes the research development of TP expression in colorectal carcinoma, tumor neovascularization, cytotoxicity activation of 5?-DFUR, and colorectal carcinoma therapy.

Ji-Min Zhang

2013-03-01

105

Investigação em cancro gástrico: artigos publicados em revistas nacionais e internacionais por autores portugueses / Gastric cancer research: articles published in national and international journals by portuguese authors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: O cancro do estômago permanece um dos mais frequentes, especialmente nos países em desenvolvimento, pelo que poderá tornar-se numa doença negligenciada no que respeita aos esforços de investigação. O Japão apresenta das mais elevadas taxas de incidência em todo o mundo e contribui actual [...] mente para a maior parte das publicações científicas nesta área. Sendo Portugal um dos países com mais elevada frequência de cancro do estômago no mundo desenvolvido, o objectivo deste estudo foi caracterizar, quanto aos objectivos dos estudos e afiliação dos autores, as publicações sobre adenocarcinoma gástrico e/ou lesões pré-cancerosas do estômago publicadas por investigadores portugueses. Métodos: Pesquisámos as bases de dados MEDLINE® e Index de Revistas Médicas Portuguesas no período 19922003 e revimos os resumos dos artigos identificados. Excluíram-se os que não reportavam investigação original e os baseados exclusivamente no estudo de linhas celulares ou em experimentação animal. Obtivemos o número de citações dos artigos publicados em revistas internacionais através da Web of Science®. Resultados: Identificaram-se 88 artigos em revistas internacionais e 53 em revistas nacionais. Os artigos de pendor clínico são mais frequentemente publicados em revistas portuguesas e a investigação dos factores de risco e da etiologia nas publicações internacionais. A genética/epidemiologia molecular foi o assunto mais estudado nos artigos de revistas internacionais, na sua maioria abordando mecanismos/etiologia/factores de risco (n=55, 89%). A maior parte (81%) dos artigos publicados em revistas internacionais são de grupos de investigação do Porto, sendo também os mais citados (número mediano de citações até 2004 = 15). Conclusão: A publicação da investigação em cancro do estômago em revistas nacionais ou internacionais depende do objecto de estudo. A alta proporção de artigos no campo da genética contrasta com o reduzido número de publicações acerca do papel etiológico de exposições decorrentes dos estilos de vida. Abstract in english Background: Gastric cancer remains one of the most frequent worldwide, though it may become a neglected disease concerning the research efforts due to its lower frequency in the developed countries. Japan is responsible for most of the stomach cancer research all over the world, with an increasing t [...] rend in the study of genetic susceptibility and the use of molecular markers. Portugal, like Japan, presents one of the highest incidence and mortality rates in the developed world, and our aim was to characterize articles addressing gastric adenocarcinoma or the respective precancerous lesions published by Portuguese researchers, according to the study subjects and authors’ affiliation. Methods: MEDLINE® and Portuguese Medical Journals Index databases were searched within the period 1992-2003 and the abstracts of the identified articles were reviewed. We obtained the number of citations for articles published in international journals through the Web of Science®. Those not reporting original research and those based exclusively in the study of cell lines or animal experimentation, were excluded. Results: We identified 88 articles in international journals (70% addressed cancer mechanisms/etiology/risk factors) and 53 in national journals (87% reported therapy/clinical and pathological descriptions). Genetic/ molecular topics were the most studied in articles on cancer mechanisms/etiology/risk factors from international journals (n=55, 89%). Most articles (81%) published in international journals come from groups from Porto, and these were also the most cited (median number of citations until 2004 = 15). Conclusion: The study scope is a major determinant for publication of stomach cancer research by Portuguese authors in national or international journals. The high proportion of studies on genetics/molecular biology is in contrast with th

Nuno, Lunet; Rui, Carvalho; Henrique, Barros.

106

Conference report (including non-peer reviewed articles of the 13th Nordic Conference on Reindeer and Reindeer Husbandry Research, 23-25 August 2004, Røros, Norway.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The 13th Nordic Conference on Reindeer and Reindeer Husbandry Research gathered 75 participants representing the sciences, husbandry, management and education. The main topics were South Sami reindeer husbandry, the concession reindeer husbandry in South Norway and future aspects of reindeer industry. The main focus and other themes as well were discussed in lectures and poster presentations. The conference was arranged by Nordic Council for Reindeer Husbandry Research (NOR in cooperation with Centre for Sami Studies, University of Tromsø. The conference was held in the South Sami area in the town of Røros. Rangifer Report No. 9, 2004, was published for the conference and included conference programme and abstracts. A proceedings report with articles based on the conference' lectures, is published here in this issue of Rangifer Report.

Rolf Egil Haugerud (Editor

2005-04-01

107

Producción de artículos latinoamericanos de investigación en enfermería indexados en Medline / The Production of Medline Indexed Articles on Nursing Research in Latin America  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el objetivo de evaluar la producción de artículos de enfermería provenientes de Latinoamérica publicados en revistas internacionales, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de artículos de enfermería en PubMed entre 1997 y 2006. Se encontraron 1.246 artículos latinoamericanos publicados en revist [...] as indexadas en Medline; el 46% (575/1.246) provenían de una Escuela o Departamento de Enfermería y el resto eran de otro origen. Brasil y México contribuyeron con el 76% de las publicaciones. Los tipos de artículos y prioridades incluyeron estudios observacionales y ensayos clínicos controlados (39%), salud pública (34%), cuidados de enfermería (14%) y recursos humanos (13%). El 44% de los artículos se publicaron en revistas de enfermería y el resto en otras revistas biomédicas. En conclusión, esta evaluación de la producción científica latinoamericana en enfermería, basada en la cantidad de artículos publicados en revistas indexadas en Medline, arrojó un producto que muestra fuertes diferencias entre los países de la región, con Brasil y México con el mayor número (76%) de las publicaciones. Abstract in english The objective of this work was to assess the production of articles on nursing research from Latin American countries published in international journals. A bibliographic search of nursing research articles was carried out in PubMed during the period 1997-2006. A total of 1246 articles from Latin Am [...] erican countries were published in Medline indexed journals; 46% (575/1246) came from a Nursing School or Department and the rest from other sources. Brazil and Mexico contributed with 76% of publications. Types of studies and priorities included observational and controlled clinical studies (39%), public health (34%), nursing care (14%) and human resources (13%). Forty four percent of articles were published in indexed nursing journals, and the rest in others biomedical journals. In conclusion, the scientific production on nursing from Latin America was assessed according to the number of publications indexed in Medline. This product shows strong differences among the countries, with Brazil and Mexico alone accounting for 76% of publications.

Borracci, Raúl A.; Rabhansl de Desmery, María M..

108

The developmental roots of narrative expression in therapy: Contributions from attachment theory and research.  

Science.gov (United States)

A central element in many forms of psychotherapy is the narrative articulation of client experience. From both theory, training, and practice, clinicians learn that structural aspects of client narratives may reveal important information about the client, but there is still limited research-based knowledge on this topic. This article explores and discusses the relevance of attachment theory and research to understanding structural and stylistic aspects of client narration in adult psychotherapy. Research into patterns of narrative expression identified by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) suggests that the emotional tone and structural organization of narratives are related to patterns of information processing and affect regulation originating in experiences in attachment relationships. Attachment research thus holds the potential of linking client in-session narration to findings in developmental psychology. Clinical implications of the AAI-related research are discussed in terms of the therapeutic significance of narrative coherence and the possible meaning of different kinds of narrative incoherence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:22122722

Daniel, Sarah I F

2009-09-01

109

Investigating Frequency and Distribution of Transition Markers in English and Persian Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Focusing on Their Introduction Sections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The pressure to produce work in English and to publish internationally has increased over recent years. However, a large number of non-native writers may be excluded from the web of global scholarship due to defective rhetorical organizations and discourse structures of their works. This study aimed to investigate frequency and distribution of transition markers (TMs in introduction sections of applied linguistics research articles (RAs written by native writers of English (NE, non- native Persian writers of English (NNE, and native writers of Persian (NP. For this purpose, 45 RAs were functionally and manually analyzed and compared to find possible differences among their introduction sections in terms of frequency and distribution of TMs. The results showed that compared with English, Persian language makes more use of TMs. Moreover, it was revealed that NNE writers show a pattern of overuse of TMs when they write in English owing to the effects of their native language writing culture.

Leila Bahrami

2012-10-01

110

Original research articles on the cardiopulmonary system recently appeared in Brazilian clinical and surgical journals Artigos originais sobre o sistema cardiopulmonar publicados recentemente em periódicos Brasileiros clínicos e cirúrgicos  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the last few years, a huge increment in the quality of scientific articles published in Brazilian Medical Journals has been observed. Several reasons were related to this feature including the SciELO free access initiative, the English language adopted by most journals, and, more importantly, the increase in the number and quality of Brazilian researchers. This article highlights, in the cardiovascular and respiratory areas, the best articles that have been published in these journals in t...

Kavita Kirankumar Patel; Bruno Caramelli; Silva, Mauri?cio Rocha E.

2011-01-01

111

Insect Behavior: Student Review Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

Colorado State University entomology professor Dr. Louis Bjostad provides this interesting resource of review articles on insect behavior. Each review article was written by a student as part of a graduate level course held in Spring 1999; review articles consist of a three to six paragraph summary of research, followed by a dozen or more recent references. Titles include "Communal Roosting in Insects" and "Behavioral Aspects of Biological Control of Spider Mites," among dozens of others. For those interested in reading summaries of (and finding references to) recent scientific articles on insect behavior, this is an excellent starting place.

112

Research of Emotion Recognition Based on Speech and Facial Expression  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper introduced the present status of speech emotion recognition. In order to improve the single-mode emotion recognition rate, the bimodal fusion method based on speech and facial expression was proposed. The emotional databases of Chinese speech and facial expressions were established with the noise stimulus and movies evoking subjects' emtion. On the foundation, we analyzed the acoustic features of Chinese speech signals under different emotional states, and obtained the general laws ...

Yutai Wang; Xinghai Yang; Jing Zou

2013-01-01

113

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BRAIN AND OVARY AROMATASE ACTIVITY AND ISOFORM-SPECIFIC AROMATASE MRNA EXPRESSION IN THE FATHEAD MINNOW (PIMEPHALES PROMELAS) - JOURNAL ARTICLE  

Science.gov (United States)

There is growing evidence that some chemicals present in the environment have the capacity to inhibit, or potentially induce, aromatase activity. This study compared aromatase activities and isoform-specific mRNA expression in brain and ovary tissue from non-exposed fathead minn...

114

Publishing International Counseling Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

2011-01-01

115

Expression microarray technology as a tool in cancer research  

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DNA microarray technology has in a decade been rapidly adopted by biomedical researchers and emerged as a very prominent research tool. In this study, microarray technology, together with supporting methods, was utilized in studies of human cancer. The study focused on two types of cancer, a hereditary syndrome called Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer (HLRCC) and on colorectal cancer (CRC). HLRCC is a disease caused by mutations in the Krebs cycle gene fumarase, where some of th...

2006-01-01

116

Conference report (including non-peer reviewed articles from the 10th Nordic Conference on Reindeer Research, 13-15 March 1998, Kautokeino, Norway  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nordic Council for Reindeer Research (NOR arranged the 10th Nordic Reinndeer Research Conference in Kautokeino 13-15 March 1998. The main theme was Reindeer Husbandry in the Nordic countries.

Rolf Egil Haugerud (Editor

1999-04-01

117

Application Research of QRCode Barcode in Validation of Express Delivery  

Science.gov (United States)

The barcode technology has become an important way in the field of information input and identify automatically. With the outstanding features of big storage capacity, secure, rich encoding character set and fast decoding, the two-dimensional(2D) QRcode(Quick Response Barcode) has become an important choice of commerce barcode. The development of wireless communications technology and the popularization and application of mobile device has set the foundation of 2D barcode used in business. In this paper, the characteristics and the compositions of 2D QRcode are described, the secure validation workflows and contents of QRcode in goods express delivery are discussed, the encoding process of QRcode is showed, and the system framework is analyzed and established. At last, the system compositions and functions of each part are discussed.

Liu, Zhihai; Zeng, Qingliang; Wang, Chenglong; Lu, Qing

118

International Agency for Research on Cancer Workshop on 'Expression array analyses in breast cancer taxonomy'  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In May 2006, a workshop on Expression array analyses in breast cancer taxonomy was held at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The workshop covered an array of topics from the validity of the currently defined breast tumor subtypes and other expression profile-based signatures to the technical limitations of expression analysis and the types of platforms on which these omics results will eventually reach clinical practice. Overall, the workshop participants believed firmly...

Tavtigian, Sean V.; Pierotti, Marco A.; Børresen-dale, Anne-lise

2006-01-01

119

Microarray expression technology in clinical research of non-Hodgkin lymphoma  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nowadays, in genomocentric era accelerated research of the human genome coupled with advances is enabling the comprehensive molecular profiling of human tissue. Particularly, DNA microarrays are powerful tools for obtaining global view of human non-Hodgkin lymphomas gene expression. Complex information from lymphomas "expression profiling" studies can, in turn, be used to create molecular markers that have diagnostic or prognostic implications. The gene "expression profiling" ...

Balti? Vladimir; Balti? Milan

2007-01-01

120

Synthesis and Evaluation of Lightweight Concrete Research Relevant to the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications: Identification of Articles for Further Evaluation and Potential Revision.  

Science.gov (United States)

Much of the fundamental basis for the current lightweight concrete provisions in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications is based on research of lightweight concrete (LWC) from the 1960s. The LWC that was part of this research used traditional mixes ...

B. A. Graybeal G. Greene

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Conference report (including non-peer reviewed articles from the 14th Nordic Conference on Reindeer and Reindeer Husbandry Research, 20-22 March 2006, Vantaa, Finland  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The 14th Nordic Conference on Reindeer and Reindeer Husbandry Research Den 14. nordiske forskningskonferansen om rein og reindrift Vantaa, Finland, 20.-22. mars 2006Complete conference report, see Full text

Rolf Egil Haugerud (Editor

2007-04-01

122

¿Explicitan los autores de la Revista Médica de Chile sus fuentes de financiamiento? / Disclosure of financial sources and conflicts of interest among research articles published in Revista Médica de Chile  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in english Background: Financial relationships between the industry and researchers have raised concerns about the existence of conflicts of interest that could influence the scientific validity of the studies. Aim: To determine the financial sources of research articles published in the Revista Médica de Chil [...] e during a five-year period. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of all articles classified as ?research articles?, published in this journal between years 2001-2005, identifying the funding source and the existence of a declaration of conflicts of interest by the authors. Results: Two hundred seventeen out of 519 research articles published in the period (42%) had an explicit financial source disclosed. Of these, 28% were funded by internal sources, 36% by Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico and 36% by other sources. Twenty-six studies (5%) received funding from the industry. In only five of these, the authors explicity declared the absence of conflict of interest. Among the studies that did not disclose any financial source, one third required some funding to be carried out. Conclusions: Forty two percent of research articles published in the last five years did not specify the financial source. Those that did specify a funding source were mainly supported by non-profit agencies including university centers and governmental funds. This is in contrast with international reports that evidence an important financial support from the industry. Only a minority of the authors sponsored by the industry declared absence of conflict of interest

Romero G, William; Salas, Sofía P.

123

ADS Article Service  

Science.gov (United States)

The Astrophysics Data System, a database funded by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration, provides access to scanned astronomical journal articles. The database currently contains sixteen journals, including Astronomy & Astrophysics and Meteoritics & Planetary Sciences, from which articles may be viewed. To find articles, specify volume number and page or plate number. The database is restricted to archived journals; most journals are available through 1996, with a few available through 1997. In addition, the articles can be accessed through separate table of contents and abstract services also provided by ADS.

124

Method of drying articles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: a. Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and b. contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from the green article, the pore phase material acting as a semipermeable barrier to allow the solvent to be sorbed into the liquid desiccant, the pore phase material substantially preventing the liquid desiccant from entering the pores.

Janney, Mark A. (Knoxville, TN); Kiggans, Jr., James O. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01

125

Early onset lung cancer, cigarette smoking and the SNP309 of the murine double minute-2 (MDM2) gene; Research article  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The polymorphism SNP309 (rs2279744) in the promoter region of the MDM2 gene has been shown to alter protein expression and may play a role in the susceptibility to lung cancer. The MDM2 protein is a key inhibitor of p53 and several mechanisms of MDM2/p53 interactions are presently known: modulating DNA-repair, cell-cycle control, cell growth and apoptosis. We used 635 Caucasian patients diagnosed with lung cancer before 51 years of age and 1300 healthy gender and age frequency matched populat...

2008-01-01

126

Econometrics | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 217-235 Open Access Article: Ranking Leading Econometrics Journals Using Citations Data from ISI and RePEc by Chia-Lin Chang and Michael McAleer Econometrics 2013, ...and research impact of 10 leading econometrics journals taken from the Thomson Reuters ISI Web of Science (ISI) Category of Economics, using ...citations data from ISI and the highly accessible Research Papers in Economics (RePEc) database that is widely used in economics, finance ...using quantifiable static and dynamic Research Assessment Measures (RAMs), with 15 RAMs from ISI and five RAMs from RePEc. The similarities and differences in ...

127

Rhythm Analysis by Heartbeat Classification in the Electrocardiogram (Review article of the research achievements of the members of the Centre of Biomedical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The morphological and rhythm analysis of the electrocardiogram (ECG) is based on ventricular beats detection, wave parameters measurement, as amplitudes, widths, polarities, intervals and relations between them, and a subsequent classification supporting the diagnostic process. Number of algorithms for detection and classification of the QRS complexes have been developed by researchers in the Centre of Biomedical Engineering - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, and are reviewed in this material. ...

Ivaylo Christov; Irena Jekova; Vessela Krasteva; Ivan Dotsinsky; Todor Stoyanov

2009-01-01

128

Article Watch: April 2014  

Science.gov (United States)

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University/University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA (Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail; cslaught@uga.edu), or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive A.

2014-01-01

129

An EXPRESS Rack Overview and Support for Microgravity Research on the International Space Station (ISS)  

Science.gov (United States)

The EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station or EXPRESS Rack System has provided accommodations and facilitated operations for microgravity-based research payloads for over 6 years on the International Space Station (ISS). The EXPRESS Rack accepts Space Shuttle middeck type lockers and International Subrack Interface Standard (ISIS) drawers, providing a modular-type interface on the ISS. The EXPRESS Rack provides 28Vdc power, Ethernet and RS-422 data interfaces, thermal conditioning, vacuum exhaust, and Nitrogen supply for payload use. The EXPRESS Rack system also includes payload checkout capability with a flight rack or flight rack emulator prior to launch, providing a high degree of confidence in successful operations once an-orbit. In addition, EXPRESS trainer racks are provided to support crew training of both rack systems and subrack operations. Standard hardware and software interfaces provided by the EXPRESS Rack simplify the integration processes for ISS payload development. The EXPRESS Rack is designed to accommodate multidiscipline research, allowing for the independent operation of each subrack payload within a single rack. On-orbit operations began for the EXPRESS Rack Project on April 24, 2001, with one rack operating continuously to support high-priority payloads. The other on-orbit EXPRESS Racks operate based on payload need and resource availability. Over 50 multi-discipline payloads have now been supported on-orbit by the EXPRESS Rack Program. Sustaining engineering, logistics, and maintenance functions are in place to maintain hardware, operations and provide software upgrades. Additional EXPRESS Racks are planned for launch prior to ISS completion in support of long-term operations and the planned transition of the U.S. Segment to a National Laboratory.

Pelfrey, Joseph J.; Jordan, Lee P.

2008-01-01

130

La similitud léxico-semántica en artículos de investigación científica en español: Una aproximación desde el Análisis Semántico Latente Lexical-semantic similarity in scientific research articles in Spanish: An approach to Latent Semantic Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Esta investigación es un estudio comparativo de la relación de similitud léxico-semántica entre tres variables textuales (palabras clave, resumen y el contenido de artículos de investigación científica. Además, se comparan a partir de los valores de similitud léxico-semántica dos áreas científicas (ciencias biológicas y ciencias sociales. El estudio se realiza utilizando una muestra estratificada representativa correspondiente a 22 artículos de investigación científica de ambas áreas científicas, incluidos en un corpus de 675 artículos científicos. Para la determinación de la similitud léxico-semántica entre las variables, se utiliza un método estadístico-computacional denominado Análisis Semántico Latente. Los resultados nos permiten establecer, por una parte, que en la muestra investigada el resumen ‘macrosemantiza’ mejor el contenido semántico global del artículo que las palabras clave. Por otra parte, no se presentan diferencias significativas entre los promedios de similitud léxico-semántica entre las áreas científicas estudiadas. Estos resultados se explican en función de los complejos procesos de estandarización que tienden a homogeneizar la producción científicaThis research focuses on lexical-semantic similarities found in three text variables (key words, abstract, and content in scientific research articles. Two scientific areas (biological sciences and social sciences from the values of lexical-semantic similarity are compared. The study employs a representative stratified sample of 22 scientific research articles in these two areas, which have been included in a corpus of 675 scientific articles. To determine lexical-semantic similarities among the variables, a computer-statistical method is employed, called Latent Semantic Analysis. The findings help assert, on the one hand, that the abstract ‘macro-semanticizes’ better the global semantic content of the article than do the key words. On the other hand, no meaningful differences among the averages of lexical-semantic similarity in the scientific areas studied are revealed. These findings are accounted for in terms of the generally complex standardization processes which tend to homogenize the production of this type of articles

René Venegas

2006-01-01

131

Microarray expression technology in clinical research of non-Hodgkin lymphoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, in genomocentric era accelerated research of the human genome coupled with advances is enabling the comprehensive molecular profiling of human tissue. Particularly, DNA microarrays are powerful tools for obtaining global view of human non-Hodgkin lymphomas gene expression. Complex information from lymphomas "expression profiling" studies can, in turn, be used to create molecular markers that have diagnostic or prognostic implications. The gene "expression profiling" is not of routine clinical oncology practice, but is used in genomic classification of clinically relevant subgroups of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The genomics biomarkers have been incorporated into current prognostic models which are based on IPI, R-IPI, and FLIPI. Molecular or pharmacogenomic profiling can be used as new therapeutic targets for patients who are refractory to current therapy. We discus the utility of DNA microarray-based lymphoma profiling in clinical oncology research, and identify future of research in lymphoma evolving fields.

Balti? Vladimir

2007-01-01

132

Psychosocial explanations in research articles in Psychology: the Portuguese case and comments to Torres & Neves Explicações psicossociais em artigos de Psicologia: o caso português e comentários a Torres e Neves  

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In the present paper we present a commentary on the talk given by Torres and Neves regarding the themes of research in Social Psychology in Brazil. This commentary focuses on issues of intercultural analyses referred to by these authors and their importance in the development of Social Psychology. We also aim to feed this debate with an illustration of the Portuguese scenario. Therefore, we present an analysis of the concepts, explanations and/or psychosocial analyses present in articles publ...

Joaquim Pires Valentim; Teresa Forte; Ana Figueiredo

2013-01-01

133

International Agency for Research on Cancer workshop on 'Expression array analyses in breast cancer taxonomy'.  

Science.gov (United States)

In May 2006, a workshop on Expression array analyses in breast cancer taxonomy was held at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The workshop covered an array of topics from the validity of the currently defined breast tumor subtypes and other expression profile-based signatures to the technical limitations of expression analysis and the types of platforms on which these omics results will eventually reach clinical practice. Overall, the workshop participants believed firmly that tumor taxonomy is likely to yield improved prognostic and predictive markers. Even so, further standardization and validation are required before clinical trials are set in motion. PMID:17096863

Tavtigian, Sean V; Pierotti, Marco A; Børresen-Dale, Anne-Lise

2006-01-01

134

Índice-H dos artigos citantes: uma contribuição para a avaliação da produção científica de pesquisadores experientes / Index of articles H-citing: a contribution to the evaluation of scientific production of experienced researchers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Há um crescente interesse e necessidade em avaliar a qualidade da produção científica dos pesquisadores. Para tal, as métricas mais importantes são: número de citações, número médio de citações por artigo indexado e o índice-H. Contudo, essas métricas apresentam limitações na avaliação d [...] o potencial de impacto das publicações de um pesquisador, especialmente dentre aqueles mais produtivos. OBJETIVO: Propor e demonstrar a utilização de uma nova métrica científica - índice-H dos artigos citantes, que permite refinar a discriminação do impacto das publicações de pesquisadores experientes sobre o conhecimento existente em sua área. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados dados da Web of Science de 13 dentre os pesquisadores doutores brasileiros mais produtivos na área de exercício físico e esporte, incluindo: número de artigos publicados, número de citações, número médio de citações por artigos, índice-H e o índice-H dos artigos citantes, ou seja, o índice-H obtido a partir da ordenação decrescente dos artigos que citaram artigos publicados pelo pesquisador. Dados de quatro outros pesquisadores - brasileiros e estrangeiros - foram usados como marcos de referência para comparações. RESULTADOS: Os índice-H do pesquisador e o dos artigos citantes são associados (r = 0,92; p > 0,01), porém, quando são analisados os seis pesquisadores mais produtivos, com índices-H acima de 7, a associação entre os dois índices-H desaparece (r = 0,35; p = 0,49). CONCLUSÃO: O índice-H dos artigos citantes pode contribuir para diferenciar a produção científica de pesquisadores com um grande número de artigos publicados. Sugere-se a adoção de sua mensuração pelas agências brasileiras e estrangeiras de fomento e de avaliação da produção científica. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: there has been an increasing interest and need in evaluating the quality of scientific papers written by researchers. Therefore, the most important measurements used are the number of citations, the average number of citations per article published in indexed journals and the H-index. Th [...] ose bibliometric indicators present, however, limitations when assessing the potential impact of the publications of a given researcher, particularly among the most productive ones. OBJECTIVE: To propose and to demonstrate the use of a new scienciometric strategy - the H-index of the citing articles-, that allow to better discriminate the impact of a given researcher to the body of knowledge in the respective research area. METHODS: Research data - Web of Science - from 13 of the most productive Brazilian PhD researchers in the field of exercise and sport sciences were analyzed, including: number of publications, number of citations, average number of citations per article, H-index and the proposed H-index of citing articles (the H-index extracted from the ranking of articles that cited the papers published by a given researcher). Data from four other researchers - Brazilian and foreign - were used as reference for comparisons. RESULTS: The researcher's H-index and the H-index of the citing articles were associated (r=.92; p>.01). However, when the six most productive authors were analyzed with H-index above 7, the association between the two indexes disappears (r=.35; p=.49). CONCLUSIONS: The H-index of the citing articles can be useful to discriminate the scientific production of authors with a high number of published papers. It is suggested that this algorithm should be adopted by Brazilian and foreign financing and scientific production evaluation agencies.

Claudio Gil Soares de, Araújo; Aline, Sardinha.

135

Rhythm Analysis by Heartbeat Classification in the Electrocardiogram (Review article of the research achievements of the members of the Centre of Biomedical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The morphological and rhythm analysis of the electrocardiogram (ECG is based on ventricular beats detection, wave parameters measurement, as amplitudes, widths, polarities, intervals and relations between them, and a subsequent classification supporting the diagnostic process. Number of algorithms for detection and classification of the QRS complexes have been developed by researchers in the Centre of Biomedical Engineering - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, and are reviewed in this material. Combined criteria have been introduced dealing with the QRS areas and amplitudes, the waveshapes evaluated by steep slopes and sharp peaks, vectorcardiographic (VCG loop descriptors, RR intervals irregularities. Algorithms have been designed for application on a single ECG lead, a synthesized lead derived by multichannel synchronous recordings, or simultaneous multilead analysis. Some approaches are based on templates matching, cross-correlation or rely on a continuous updating of adaptive thresholds. Various beat classification methods have been designed involving discriminant analysis, the K-th nearest neighbors, fuzzy sets, genetic algorithms, neural networks, etc. The efficiency of the developed methods has been assessed using internationally recognized arrhythmia ECG databases with annotated beats and rhythm disturbances. In general, high values for specificity and sensitivity competitive to those reported in the literature have been achieved.

Irena Jekova

2009-08-01

136

Recompressed exfoliated graphite articles  

Science.gov (United States)

This invention provides an electrically conductive, less anisotropic, recompressed exfoliated graphite article comprising a mixture of (a) expanded or exfoliated graphite flakes; and (b) particles of non-expandable graphite or carbon, wherein the non-expandable graphite or carbon particles are in the amount of between about 3% and about 70% by weight based on the total weight of the particles and the expanded graphite flakes combined; wherein the mixture is compressed to form the article having an apparent bulk density of from about 0.1 g/cm.sup.3 to about 2.0 g/cm.sup.3. The article exhibits a thickness-direction conductivity typically greater than 50 S/cm, more typically greater than 100 S/cm, and most typically greater than 200 S/cm. The article, when used in a thin foil or sheet form, can be a useful component in a sheet molding compound plate used as a fuel cell separator or flow field plate. The article may also be used as a current collector for a battery, supercapacitor, or any other electrochemical cell.

Zhamu, Aruna; Shi, Jinjun; Guo, Jiusheng; Jang, Bor Z

2013-08-06

137

Neutron absorbing article  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A neutron absorbing article, in flat plate form and suitable for use in a storage rack for spent fuel, includes boron carbide particles, diluent particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix binding the boron carbide and diluent particles. The total conent of boron carbide and diluent particles is a major proportion of the article and the content of cured phenolic polymer present is a minor proportion. By regulation of the ratio of boron carbide particles to diluent particles, normally within the range of 1:9 and 9:1 and preferably within the range of 1:5 to 5:1, the neutron absorbing activity of the product may be controlled, which facilitates the manufacture of articles of particular absorbing activities best suitable for specific applications

1979-01-01

138

Call for Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Brief: In the past, In the Library with the Lead Pipe has asked our readers what topics they would like to see covered. Today we share a list of the articles we dream of publishing. In addition to asking our readers, the Editorial Board at In the Library with the Lead Pipe often discusses [...

Editorial Board

2013-06-01

139

Article retraction notice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available (retraction The article 'Prognostic significance of acute bundle branch block in patients with acute myocardial infarction' by Mijailovi? V, Mrdovi? I, Ili? M, Ašanin M, Srdi? M, Raji? D was retracted at the request of the editors because the authors had infringed the normal professional and ethical codes by submitting the above article to the Vojnosnitetski pregled after an article with substantial overlap of its content (patients, methods,results and conclusions had been accepted for publication and published in another journal, ABC - ?asopis urgentne medicine. (1 Mijailovi? V, Mrdovi? I, Ili? M, Ašanin M, Srdi? M, Raji? D. 'Prognostic significance of acute bundle branch block in patients with acute myocardial infarction' Vojnosanit Pregl 2008; 65(10: 733-7. (Serbian (2 Mijailovi? V, Mrdovi? I, Ili? M, Peruni?i? J, Ašanin M, Lasica R, Savi? L, Srdi? M, Jozi? T, Raji? D, Terzi? B, Mati? D, Mati? M, Vasiljevi? Z. 'Prognostic significance of acute bundle branch block with patients suffering from myocardial infarction'. ABC - ?asopis urgentne medicine 2007; 7(2-3: 104-8. (Serbian .

Link to the retracted article 10.2298/VSP0810733M

Uredništvo

2009-01-01

140

Mobility Test Article (MTA)  

Science.gov (United States)

A concept of a possible Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built for NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This Mobility Test Article (MTA) is one of many that provided data contributing to the design of the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

1965-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Call for Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In Brief: In the past, In the Library with the Lead Pipe has asked our readers what topics they would like to see covered. Today we share a list of the articles we dream of publishing. In addition to asking our readers, the Editorial Board at In the Library with the Lead Pipe often discusses [...

Editorial Board

2013-01-01

142

Dance Education Research and Supplementary Articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

This bibliography presents listings in the following areas: assessment in dance education; attitudinal studies in dance education; dance certification, standards, status; dance curricula; dance education history; dance education and technology; dance education theory; dance teacher behaviors; dance teacher preparation; descriptions of dance…

Minton, Sandra, Comp.

143

View Articles | UK Energy Research Centre  

Published At: Fri 20 December 2013 09:00 GMT - Expires At: Thu 16 January ... \\Science for the Green Economy Seminar Series - Carbon Capture and Storage ... \\Lectureship in Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton Malaysia ...

144

ac superconducting articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A noval ac superconducting cable is described. It consists of a composite structure having a superconducting surface along with a high thermally conductive material wherein the superconducting surface has the desired physical properties, geometrical shape and surface finish produced by the steps of depositing a superconducting layer upon a substrate having a predetermined surface finish and shape which conforms to that of the desired superconducting article, depositing a supporting layer of material on the superconducting layer and removing the substrate, the surface of the superconductor being a replica of the substrate surface

1977-01-01

145

Bioengineering | Article Processing Charges  

... Bioengineering Bioengineering, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Bioengineering | Article Processing Charges Submit to Bioengineering Login Register MDPI Journals ...Animals Antibiotics Antibodies Antioxidants Applied Sciences Arts Atmosphere Atoms Axioms Behavioral Sciences Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Bioengineering Bioengineering Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2014) Bioengineering - Open Access and Publication Fees Bioengineering (ISSN 2306-5354) is an Open Access journal, which is free to access ...

146

Chemosensors | Article Processing Charges  

... Chemosensors Chemosensors, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Chemosensors | Article Processing Charges Submit to Chemosensors Login Register MDPI Journals ...Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Chemosensors Chemosensors Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2013) Chemosensors - Open Access and Publication Fees Chemosensors (ISSN 2227-9040) is an Open Access journal, which is free to access ...

147

Robotics | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...Open Access Article: Design and Simulation of Two Robotic Systems for Automatic Artichoke Harvesting by Domenico Longo and Giovanni Muscato Robotics 2013, 2(...feasibility study for the development of a robot for automatic or semi-automatic artichoke harvesting. During this project, different solutions for the mechanical ...DISPA of University of Catania, different field structures with different kinds of artichoke cultivars were studied and tested. The results of this research ...could improve artichoke production for preserves industries. As a first step, an investigation on existing machines has been done. From this ...

148

Societies | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fibers Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Genes Geosciences Healthcare Humanities Informatics Information Inorganics Insects IJERPH IJFS IJMS ... 383-398 Open Access Article: Biased Estimation of Violent Video Game Effects on Aggression: Contributing Factors and Boundary Conditions by Jens Bender, Tobias ...self-categorization theory (SCT), we assumed that identifying with the social group of video game players would provide a motivation to disconfirm the “violent video ... games increase aggression” hypothesis. We further assumed that the use of nontransparent aggression measures and cover stories would prevent research artifacts. Our ...

149

Galaxies | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...seem to be its best replacements in various areas of black hole physics. We discuss the known phenomenology of apparent and trapping horizons ...specific examples (we focus on spherically symmetric inhomogeneities in a background cosmological spacetime) are useful as toy models for research on various aspects ...of black hole physics. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Aspects of Black Hole Physics) p. 180-191 Open Access ..., Thomas’ bulk holography argument, and Ng’s spacetime foam argument, are shown to be not wholly satisfactory. A new explanation is then ...

150

What makes a Scientific Article influential?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we examine, by means of a citation analysis, which factors influence the impact of articles published in demography journals between 1990 and 1992. Several quantifiable characteristics of the articles (characteristics with respect to authors, visibility, content and journals) are strongly related to their subsequent impact in the social sciences. Articles are most frequently cited when they deal with empirical, ahistorical research focusing on populations in the developed world,...

Dalen, H. P.; Henkens, K.

2000-01-01

151

What makes a Scientific Article influential?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we examine, by means of a citation analysis, whichfactors influence the impact of articles published indemography journals between 1990 and 1992. Several quantifiablecharacteristics of the articles (characteristics withrespect to authors, visibility, content and journals) are stronglyrelated to their subsequent impact in the social sciences.Articles are most frequently cited when they deal with empirical,ahistorical research focusing on populations in thedeveloped world, when th...

Dalen, Hendrik P.; Henkens, Kene

2000-01-01

152

Valued Youth Anthology: Articles on Dropout Prevention.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document contains, in chronological order, all articles related to dropouts that have appeared in the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) Newsletter from 1986 to 1989. The articles are: (1) "The Prevention and Recovery of Dropouts: An Action Agenda" (Robledo); (2) "Coca Cola Valued Youth Partnership Program Results of Second…

Intercultural Development Research Association, San Antonio, TX.

153

Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Open access (OA) to the research literature has the potential to accelerate recognition and dissemination of research findings, but its actual effects are controversial. This was a longitudinal bibliometric analysis of a cohort of OA and non-OA articles published between June 8, 2004, and December 20, 2004, in the same journal (PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences). Article characteristics were extracted, and citation data were compared between the two groups at thre...

Eysenbach, Gunther

2006-01-01

154

19 CFR of - Textile Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

...when used with reference to fabric contained in an article means the sum...apply to all articles of that producer...The exclusion references regarding findings...production of the articles in question...Accounting books and...

2009-04-01

155

Bringing Digital Science Deep Inside the Scientific Article: the Elsevier Article of the Future Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The ICT revolution of the last decades impacted scientific communication as it has impacted many other forms of communications, changing the way in which articles are delivered and how they can be discovered. However, the impact of ICT on the research itself has been much more profound, introducing digital tools to the way in which researchers gather data, perform analyses, and exchange results. This brought new, digital forms of research output, and disseminating those calls for changes deeply impact the core format of the scientific article.In 2009, Elsevier introduced the “Article of the Future” project to define an optimal way for the dissemination of science in the digital age, and in this paper we discuss three of its key dimensions. First we discuss interlinking scientific articles and research data stored with domain-specific data repositories — such interlinking is essential to interpret both article and data efficiently and correctly. We then present easy-to-use 3D visualization tools embedded in online articles: a key example of how the digital article format adds value to scientific communication and helps readers to better understand research results. The last topic covered in this paper is automatic enrichment of journal articles through text-mining or other methods. Here we share insights from a recent survey on the question: how can we find a balance between creating valuable contextual links, without sacrificing the high-quality, peer-reviewed status of published articles?

IJsbrand Jan Aalbersberg

2014-04-01

156

"The Western gaze"--an analysis of medical research publications concerning the expressions of depression, focusing on ethnicity and gender.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our aim of this study was to explore how authors of medical articles wrote about different symptoms and expressions of depression in men and women from various ethnic groups as well as to analyze the meaning of gender and ethnicity for expressions of depression. A database search was carried out using PubMed. Thirty articles were identified and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Approaches differ with regard to how depression is described and interpreted in different cultures in relation to illness complaints, illness meaning, and diagnosis of depression. Articles often present issues based on a Western point of view. This may lead to "cultural or gender gaps," which we refer to as "the Western gaze," which may in turn influence the diagnosis of depression. PMID:20390640

Lehti, Arja Helena; Johansson, Eva E; Bengs, Carita; Danielsson, Ulla; Hammarström, Anne

2010-02-01

157

Quality of scientific articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper discusses the difficulties in judging the quality of scientific manuscripts and describes some common pitfalls that should be avoided when preparing a paper for submission to a peer-reviewed journal. Peer review is an imperfect system, with less than optimal reliability and uncertain validity. However, as it is likely that it will remain as the principal process of screening papers for publication, authors should avoid some common mistakes when preparing a report based on empirical findings of human research. Among these are: excessively long abstracts, extensive use of abbreviations, failure to report results of parsimonious data analyses, and misinterpretation of statistical associations identified in observational studies as causal. Another common problem in many manuscripts is their excessive length, which makes them more difficult to be evaluated or read by the intended readers, if published. The evaluation of papers after their publication with a view towards their inclusion in a systematic review is also discussed. The limitations of the impact factor as a criterion to judge the quality of a paper are reviewed.

Szklo Moyses

2006-01-01

158

IJMS | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Age-related processes increase the oxidative load, resulting in chronically elevated levels of oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species, which in the retina ultimately result in pathologies such as glaucoma or age-related macular degeneration, as well as the neuropathic complications of diabetes in the eye. Specifically, oxidative stress results in deleterious changes to the retina through dysregulation of its intracellular physiology, ultimately leading to neurodegenerative and potentially also ... Herein we will review the evidence for oxidative stress-induced contributions to each of the three major ocular pathologies, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. The premise for neuroprotective strategies for these ocular disorders will be discussed in the context of recent clinical and preclinical research pursuing novel therapy development approaches. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuroprotective Strategies 2014) p. 1887-1900 Open ...

159

Tracking Theory Building and Use Trends in Selected LIS Journals: More Research is Needed. A review of: Kim, Sung?Jin, and Dong Y. Jeong. “An Analysis of the Development and Use of Theory in Library and Information Science Research Articles.” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 548?62.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective ? The authors measure theory incidents occurring in four LIS journals between 1984?2003 in order to examine their number and quality and to analyze them by topic. A third objective, only identified later in the text of the study, was to compare theory development and use between Korean and international journals. Research questions asked include whether LIS has its own theoretical base as a discipline, and what characteristics the theoretical framework has.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – Journal issues selected from four LIS journals for the time span from 1984 ? 2003.Subjects – Two international journals, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST and Library and Information Science Research (LISR were selected based on their high ranking in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI impact factors. Two Korean journals, Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management (JKSIM and Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science (JKSLIS were selected.Methods ? After having determined a definition of theory, and identifying different levels of theory, the authors set up rules for the identification of theory incidents, which are defined as “events in which the author contributed to the development or the use of theory in his/her own paper” (550. Content analysis of 1661 research articles was performed to measure theory incidents according to working definitions. Interrater reliability was ensured by conducting independent coding for “subfield classification, identification of theory incidents, and quality measurement” (555,using a sample of 199 articles (random selection not specified, achieving 94?97% interrater reliability. Incidents, once identified, were evaluated for quality using Dubin’s “efficiency of law” criteria, involving measures of relatedness, directionality, co?variation, rate of change, and “profundity,” defined as the depth to which theory is incorporated into the research study.Main Results ? 21.79% (n=362 of the articles contained theory incidents that were analyzed and evaluated. Trend measurement indicated an overall increase, although a slight decrease was shown in the year range 1993?2003. International journals accounted for 61.33% of theory incidents, compared to 38.67% for the Korean journals. T?testing showed that differences in means between Korean and international journals were not statistically significant. Topical theory areas were ranked by frequency. The top five areas were shown to be nearly identical between Korean and international journals. ANOVA was performed with significant results in the difference between efficiency ratings. Conclusion – The authors find that the overall proportion of theory incidents including both theory development and use increased through the 20?year time span examined, and that LIS has established its own theoretical framework based upon the frequency of incidents.

Carol Perryman

2007-09-01

160

Análise de títulos de artigos de pesquisas publicadas em um periódico brasileiro de enfermagem Análisis de títulos de artículos de investigaciones publicadas en una revista brasileña de enfermería Analysis of titles of research articles published in a Brazilian nursing journal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O estudo analisa títulos de pesquisas publicadas em um periódico de enfermagem nos anos de 1997 e 1998. Os dados foram coletados através de formulário e organizados mediante a utilização do sistema computacional EPI-INFO 6, sendo que a análise fundamentou-se em literatura nacional e internacional recente relativa a análise de relatórios de pesquisa. Os resultados, dispostos em tabelas, mostraram que a maioria dos artigos analisados apresenta uma captação parcialmente adequada dos títulos, em relação às variáveis, populações estudadas e/ou palavras-chave. Conclui-se que a avaliação dos títulos de pesquisas em enfermagem ainda necessita de uma maior atenção, tendo em vista que grande parte das bases de dados, acessadas por pesquisadores, trabalha com a divulgação das pesquisas somente por meio de seus títulos.El estudio analiza los títulos de investigaciones publicadas en una revista de enfermería en los años de 1997 y 1998. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de formulario y organizados por medio del uso del programa EPI-INFO 6.0. El análisis se fundamentó en la literatura nacional e internacional reciente, relacionada con el análisis de informes de investigación. Los resultados, presentados en tablas, mostraron que la mayoría de los artículos analizados presenta una captación parcialmente adecuada de los títulos, en relación con las variables, poblaciones estudiadas y/o palabras claves. Se concluye que la evaluación los títulos de investigaciones en enfermería necesita una atención mejor ya que gran parte de las bases de datos buscadas por los investigadores, trabaja con la divulgación de las investigaciones solamente por medio de sus títulos.This study analyzes titles of research works published in a nursing journal in 1997 and 1998. Data were collected through forms and organized by using the EPI-INFO 6.0 computer program. The analysis was based on recent national and international literature concerning the analysis of research reports. Results, which have been disposed in tables, showed that most of the analyzed articles presented a partly adequate titles in relation to variables, studied populations and/or key words It was concluded that the evaluation of titles in nursing research still requires more attention since a large number of databases aused by researchers only publicize research work means of its titles.

David Lopes Neto

2002-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Revised article: Business Ideas Competition  

CERN Multimedia

THIS ARTICLE REPLACES THAT PUBLISHED IN BULLETIN 27/2003, PAGE 8. "The Rainbow Seed Fund is a UK fund, which provides finance to support the commercialization of good ideas founded on scientific research; it is for the benefit of the UK industry in particular. To encourage ideas from CERN the Rainbow Seed Fund is running a business ideas competition. The winner of this competition will receive an immediate cash prize of GBP £1,000. In addition the Rainbow Seed Fund may well provide finance for market research, for protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and for prototyping to take the idea forward. Further awards of GBP £750 will be made for ideas which gain investment from the Fund. Candidates will only be required to prepare a 2-4-page summary of their business idea, and not a full business plan. Full details and an entry form are available at http://www.rainbowseedfund.com." ALL Members of the Personnel seeking participation in the business ideas competition are asked to submit their ideas via ...

2003-01-01

162

Does anybody read "evidence-based" articles?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The electronic version of the British Medical Journal (eBMJ) has a unique feature in that it provides an electronic record of the number of times an article has been viewed ("hits") in the week after its publication. We sought to compare the relative popularity of primary research and "evidence-based" papers against that of narrative reviews and editorials. We surveyed four broad groupings of articles in 2001: Editorials, Clinical Reviews (...

Loke Yoon K; Derry Sheena

2003-01-01

163

19 CFR of - Textile Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

...the production of the articles in question, such...records; and (v) Accounting books and documents...production of the finished article which must be referenced...purchases made during the accounting period and the inventory...Other Non-Textile Articles Source:...

2009-04-01

164

Microwave sintering of multiple articles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Apparatus and method for producing articles of alumina and of alumina and silicon carbide in which the articles are sintered at high temperatures using microwave radiation. The articles are placed in a sintering container which is placed in a microwave cavity for heating. The rates at which heating and cooling take place is controlled.

Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM); Katz, Joel D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1993-01-01

165

Índice de Palabras de Contenido (IPC) y Distribución Porcentual de Legomena (DPL) en artículos de investigación en español / Index of Content Words (ICW) and Percent Distribution of Legomena (PDL) in Research Articles in Spanish  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A partir de una revisión de los índices clásicos en estadística léxica (Leyes de Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot), se proponen dos índices lingüísticos que buscan aportar nuevos datos en la descripción de textos especializados. Se presenta un caso de la aplicación de estos índices a un corpus representativo [...] y multidisciplinar de artículos de investigación en español, que se contrasta con otros siete corpus a modo de control. Si bien desde un punto de vista general los índices tienen un comportamiento estable en los distintos registros, de forma específica, los índices permiten distinguir registros de alta y de baja especialización y dan cuenta de la variación disciplinar de los corpus analizados. Abstract in english Based on a review of classic indices in lexical statistics (Laws of Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot), two linguistic indices are proposed in order to contribute new data in the description of specialized texts. A case is presented in which these indices are applied to a representative, multidisciplinary corp [...] us of research articles in Spanish that is contrasted with seven other corpora serving as a control group. Although, from a general point of view the proposed indices present stable behaviour in different registers, implemented specifically, the proposed indices allow the distinction between high and low specialized registers and reveal the disciplinary variation of the corpora analyzed.

Ken, Matsuda; Scott, Sadowsky; Omar, Sabaj.

166

Índice de Palabras de Contenido (IPC y Distribución Porcentual de Legomena (DPL en artículos de investigación en español Index of Content Words (ICW and Percent Distribution of Legomena (PDL in Research Articles in Spanish  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A partir de una revisión de los índices clásicos en estadística léxica (Leyes de Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot, se proponen dos índices lingüísticos que buscan aportar nuevos datos en la descripción de textos especializados. Se presenta un caso de la aplicación de estos índices a un corpus representativo y multidisciplinar de artículos de investigación en español, que se contrasta con otros siete corpus a modo de control. Si bien desde un punto de vista general los índices tienen un comportamiento estable en los distintos registros, de forma específica, los índices permiten distinguir registros de alta y de baja especialización y dan cuenta de la variación disciplinar de los corpus analizados.Based on a review of classic indices in lexical statistics (Laws of Estoup-Zipf-Mandelbrot, two linguistic indices are proposed in order to contribute new data in the description of specialized texts. A case is presented in which these indices are applied to a representative, multidisciplinary corpus of research articles in Spanish that is contrasted with seven other corpora serving as a control group. Although, from a general point of view the proposed indices present stable behaviour in different registers, implemented specifically, the proposed indices allow the distinction between high and low specialized registers and reveal the disciplinary variation of the corpora analyzed.

Ken Matsuda

2012-03-01

167

Psychosocial explanations in research articles in Psychology: the Portuguese case and comments to Torres & Neves Explicações psicossociais em artigos de Psicologia: o caso português e comentários a Torres e Neves  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the present paper we present a commentary on the talk given by Torres and Neves regarding the themes of research in Social Psychology in Brazil. This commentary focuses on issues of intercultural analyses referred to by these authors and their importance in the development of Social Psychology. We also aim to feed this debate with an illustration of the Portuguese scenario. Therefore, we present an analysis of the concepts, explanations and/or psychosocial analyses present in articles published between 2006 and 2012 in three Portuguese journals of Psychology (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica. The results show a high predominance of the "systems external to individuals", especially the ones related to systems of categorization and/or social identities in groups of different social status (Doise, 2012. These results are discussed, synthetically, in articulation with the defence of "cultural translation" as proposed by Torres and Neves.Apresenta-se aqui um comentário à intervenção de Torres e Neves sobre os temas de pesquisa em psicologia social no Brasil. Este comentário foca-se nas questões de análise intercultural referidas por aqueles autores e da sua importância no desenvolvimento da psicologia social. Procura também alimentar este debate com uma ilustração do que se passa no cenário português. Assim, apresenta-se uma análise aos conceitos, explicações ou análises psicossociais presentes nos artigos publicados entre 2006 e 2012 em três revistas portuguesas (Análise Psicológica, Psicologia e Psychologica. Os resultados mostram uma grande predominância dos "sistemas externos aos indivíduos", em especial daqueles que se relacionam com sistemas de categorizações e/ou de identidades sociais de grupos com diferente estatuto social (Doise, 2012. Estes dados são discutidos, de forma sintética, em articulação com a defesa da "tradução cultural" que Torres e Neves fazem.

Joaquim Pires Valentim

2013-03-01

168

Diagnostics | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1 (2011) Table of Contents Diagnostics, Volume 4, Issue 1 (March 2014), Pages 1- Issues are ...Tab-delimited PubMed XML DOAJ XML AGRIS XML Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-1 p. 1-11 Open Access Article: An Improved Neutral a-Glucosidase ...by Frank Eertmans, Veerle Bogaert, Tanita Van Poecke and Barbara Puype Diagnostics 2014, 4(1), 1 -11; doi:10.3390/diagnostics4010001 Received: 6 November 2013;...belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers) Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-1 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX ...

169

IJERPH | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Display options: Normal Show Abstracts Compact Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote ...without abstracts) Tab-delimited PubMed XML DOAJ XML AGRIS XML Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-67 ...

170

Apparatus for orientating cylindrical articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

First and second chambers, each having a rotor, are interconnected by a passage. The first chamber has a contoured periphery to receive articles and the passage is shaped and dimensioned to permit travel therealong only of those articles which are orientated in the first chamber with their longitudinal axes either in the direction of travel or normal to the direction of travel. Articles in other orientations are carried round the first chamber by the rotor for representation at the passage. The rotor in the second chamber permits the passage of those articles which have their longitudinal axes in the direction of travel and topples by means of blades, the articles having their axes normal to the direction of travel into positions in which the axes are in the direction of travel. (author)

1983-03-23

171

Research on Logistics Value Chain Analysis and Competitiveness Construction for Express Enterprises  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Through analyzing the value of the activities in the process of express delivery, the model of logistics value chain analysis (LVCA of express enterprises is constructed. Using the model, the express enterprises can identify the key activities from the whole process of express delivery from senders to receivers, and those key activities constitute the logistics competitiveness of express enterprises. Then a model of logistics competitiveness is established, which includes four aspects: strategic location, network optimization, value-added services and performance measures. Those four aspects form the core logistics competitiveness for express enterprises.

Xingjian Zhou

2013-04-01

172

Une Pedagogie de l'article (Instruction in the Article).  

Science.gov (United States)

A study of error patterns in Polish students' use of the French article provides the basis for an instructional approach that focuses on developing students' linguistic awareness rather than teaching rules of usage. (MSE)

Wilczinska, Veronica

1989-01-01

173

Methodological Aspects of the Research in Musical Expressiveness Based on Corporal Movement Information  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This project is focused on empirical analysis of musical expressiveness, based on information of musical content extracted from audio and video information of the musical performance, seeking to understand and to quantify the expressive intentions of the player.

Teixeira, Euler; Loureiro, Mauricio; Yehia, Hani

2010-01-01

174

Energies | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Sports Sustainability Symmetry Systems Technologies Toxics Toxins Vaccines Veterinary Sciences Viruses Water Volume Author Section Issue Article Type all Addendum Article Book ... 1 (2008) Table of Contents Energies, Volume 7, Issue 1 (January 2014), Pages 1-497 Issues are regarded as officially published after ... 80-98 Open Access Article: Three-Dimensional CFD Modeling of Transport Phenomena in a Cross-Flow Anode-Supported Planar SOFC by Zhonggang Zhang, Jingfeng Chen, Danting ...PDF Full-text (1049 KB) Abstract: In this study, a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is developed for an anode-supported planar SOFC from the ...

175

Characteristics of Frequently Cited Articles in Learning Disabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on frequency of citations in the Social Science Citation Index, 33 prominent articles on learning disabilities (1976 to 1985) were compared with randomly selected articles in 16 categories, including funding source, research design, and statistical method. Discussion focuses on characteristics and quality of articles influencing the learning…

Swanson, H. Lee; Trahan, Marcy

1986-01-01

176

Academics are Reading More Electronic Journal Articles in More Subjects, Using Varying Strategies to Find and Manage Them. A Review of: Ollé, C., & Borrego, Á. (2010. A qualitative study of the impact of electronic journals on scholarlyinformation behavior. Library & Information Science Research, 32(3, 221-228.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To assess how the increase in number of electronic journals available to academic scholars has changed their information-seeking or consulting behaviour, with respect to 1 the amount and diversity of sources they read; 2 strategies they use to keep up-to-date in their fields; 3 use of personalized information services; 4 determining the value and relevance of articles; and 5 personal management of scientific information. This study is a follow-up to an earlier quantitative study (Borrego, Anglada, Barrios, & Comellas, 2007 in the same setting.Design – Qualitative, using an open-ended questionnaire, followed by personal interviews of a small group of the respondents.Setting – Universities that are members of the Consortium of Academic Libraries of Catalonia (CBUC, which is made up of the eight public Catalan universities and the National Library of Catalonia, Spain.Subjects – One hundred thirty-seven scholars from the member universities of diverse ages and disciplines. Eleven of these academics were selected for personal interviews.Methods – The authors used a two-staged approach to gather comments from researchers on their use of electronic journals. First, an open-ended, self-administered questionnaire (with some pre-testing donewas sent by e-mail to some 490 academics who had provided e-mail addresses in the quantitative study; 137 were returned and analyzed. Personal interviews were then conducted with 11 scholars who had given the most detailed answers in the questionnaire. Their ages ranged from 28 to 67; each was from a different discipline, and from six of the universities.Informed consent sheets (describing the study and guaranteeing anonymity were given to the 11 interviewees. Personal interviews were conducted in the subjects’ offices by one of the authors, and lasted between 45-60 minutes. In the interview stage, the authors wanted to examine: use and assessment of the library, access to electronic information, and impact of e-resources on information behaviour. Subjects were also asked to provide three suggestions on improving access to scientific information.Main Results – The amount of reading and number of electronic journals and other sources consulted among the scholars who participated in this study has increased. Three-quarters of survey respondents consult more journals and read more articles. The scholars reported that they are grateful for the increase in electronic information and its enhanced ease of access, and are not overwhelmed by it. Their reading has become more discriminatory, though, with many reporting “skimming” much of what they read to save time. Scholars keep up-to-date in three main ways: web browsing of journal issues, library database searches, and TOC e-mail alerts. More than 90% of survey respondents reported conducting database searches. Google and Google Scholar were often mentioned ahead of specific library database names. In determining value and relevance of an article, its author and abstract are key for scholars. In addition, personal information management techniques used by scholars were all over the board. The three main methods were use of print or electronic folders, reference management software, and no system. Many of the academics felt their information management systems were “rudimentary” (p. 225.The request for suggestions and comments on the questionnaire was not answered by “most of the sample” (p. 226. Those who did respond to this request asked for more library resources. The main complaint expressed by scholars concerned the difficulty and complexity of finding journal article content using the Library website (e.g., varying databases, difficulty of interpreting what journal electronic and print holdings are available. Because of this, a number of scholars used Google to find library-subscribed content.Conclusion – By having greater and easier access to e-journals, scholars accessing the CBUC read more articles from more disciplines. Scholars would prefer a simpler library interface to search for

Christina E. Carter

2010-12-01

177

Article n_TOF : rectificatif  

CERN Multimedia

Une erreur s’est malencontreusement glissée dans la version française de la dernière édition du Bulletin papier. L’introduction (en gras) de l’article « Les neutrons sur la piste de décollage » était celle de l’article sur le Linac 4 paru dans l’édition précédente. Le paragraphe correct est le suivant : « Au repos depuis quatre ans, les neutrons volent à nouveau dans l’installation n_TOF (mesure du temps de vol des neutrons), qui vient d’être remise en service avec une nouvelle cible. » Veuillez nous excuser pour cette erreur.

2008-01-01

178

Biosensors | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Thus, the replacement of the commonly applied semi-invasive and non-invasive techniques relying on glucose binding proteins, such as concanavalin A, or enzymes, such as glucose oxidase, glucose dehydrogenase and hexokinases/glucokinases, might be possible. The recent progress in the development of fluorescent arylboronic acid dyes will be emphasized in this review. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Glucose Sensors) p. 419-428 Open Access Article: Development of a Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET)-Based DNA Biosensor for Detection of Synthetic Oligonucleotide of Ganoderma boninense ...

179

Entropy | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

... This article provides a survey of selected nonadiabatic methods based on quantum or classical trajectories. Among these techniques, trajectory surface hopping ...the nonadiabatic effects under consideration and hamper a systematic improvement of the theory. With the help of an in principle exact description of ...nonadiabatic dynamics based on Bohmian quantum trajectories, we will investigate the origin of the main approximations in trajectory surface hopping and illustrate some ... 86-109 Open Access Article: Approximating Time-Dependent Quantum Statistical Properties by Sara Bonella and Giovanni Ciccotti Entropy 2014, 16(1), 86-109; ...

180

Polymers | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Article: Modified Johnston Failure Criterion from Rock Mechanics to Predict the Ultimate Strength of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Confined Columns by Zehra ...failure criteria, may be extended and modified to assess the ultimate compressive strength of axially loaded circular fiber reinforced polymer (FRP)-confined concrete ... Wide-range compressive strengths from 7 to 108 MPa and high confinement ratios up to 2.0 are used to verify the ultimate strengths ...in good agreement with experimental data for all confinement levels and concrete strengths. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers ...

 
 
 
 
181

Vaccines | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 398-414 Open Access Case Report: Clinical Development of a Cytomegalovirus DNA Vaccine: From Product Concept to Pivotal Phase 3 Trial by Larry R....Full-text (550 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: 2013 marks a milestone year for plasmid DNA vaccine development as a first-in-class cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA vaccine ... (This article belongs to the Special Issue DNA Vaccines) p. 415-443 Open Access Article: DNA-Encoded Flagellin Activates Toll-Like Receptor 5 ...KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: Eliciting effective immune responses using non-living/replicating DNA vaccines is a significant challenge. We have previously shown that ...

182

Atmosphere | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...Societies Sports Sustainability Symmetry Systems Technologies Toxics Toxins Vaccines Veterinary Sciences Viruses Water Volume Author Section Issue Article Type all Addendum Article ... Surface pressure-area isotherms (p-A), Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), and vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) were used to observe a PA monolayer ...during film compression on subphases of ultrapure water, CaCl2 and MgCl2 aqueous solutions, and artificial seawater ( ASW). p-A ...reveals that a condensation of the monolayer occurs when compared to pure water. VSFG spectra and BAM images show that Mg2+ and ...

183

Articles about MedlinePlus  

Science.gov (United States)

... of government-supported medical websites? LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research Electronic Journal [Internet]. 2004 Sep [cited 2005 ... computer training using NIH online resources. Library and Information Science Research [Internet]. 2011 Dec 18 [cited 2011 Dec ...

184

Thematic Categorization and Analysis of Peer Reviewed Articles in the LISA Database, 2004-2005. A Review of: Gonzalez-Alcaide, Gregorio, Lourdes Castello-Cogolles, Carolina Navarro-Molina, et al. “Library and Information Science Research Areas: Analysis of Journal Articles in LISA.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 59.1 (2008): 150-4.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective – To provide an updated categorization of Library and Information Science (LIS) publications and to identify trends in LIS research.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – The Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) database via the CSA Illumina interface.Subjects – 11,273 item records published from 2004-2005 and indexed in LISA.Methods – First, a search was set up to retrieve all records from 2004-2005, limited t...

2009-01-01

185

Strategy and research programs on the long life high activity radioactive wastes management (concerning the article L542 of the environment code, of the law of the 30 December 1991). Knowledge and perspectives  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Describing the research strategy and the programs around the three axis, separation and transmutation - deep underground storage - conditioning and long time disposal, this document is a reference concerning the research programs of the law of the 30 December 1991. This 2004 edition presents the historical approach and the main context, the objectives, the methods and criteria followed, the research program organization and implemented coordination structures. It provides also the results of the last ten years. (A.L.B.)

1991-12-30

186

EXPRESS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents EXPRESS, an expert system developed for the automation of reliability studies. The first part consists in the description of the method for static thermohydraulic systems. In this step, the authors define the knowledge representation based on the two inference engines - ALOUETTE and LCR developed by EDF. They explain all the process to construct a fault tree from a topological and functional description of the system. Numerous examples are exhibited in illustration of the method. This is followed by the lessons derived from the studies performed on some safety systems of the PALUEL nuclear plant. The development of the same approach for electric power systems is described, insisting on the difference resulting from the sequential nature of these systems. Finally, they show the main advantages identified during the studies

1987-09-02

187

Bibliography of Open Classroom Articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Selected periodicals dealing with the open classroom concept are reviewed and evaluated in this annotated bibliography, which is intended as an introduction to open education for parents and concerned citizens. Technical journals are avoided. Some articles are singled out and rated as good, very good, or excellent. The majority deal with the open…

Sibly, Nancy, Comp.

188

Researching the Everyday: Young People's Experiences and Expressions of Citizenship  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on a research study which drew attention to the constitutive nature of the everyday world in young people's subjectivities and practices of citizenship. Central to the aim of this research was a need for alignment between the focus of the research ("everyday" citizenship), with methods which could illuminate the…

Wood, Bronwyn Elisabeth

2014-01-01

189

Research Resource: Comprehensive Expression Atlas of the Fibroblast Growth Factor System in Adult Mouse  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family and their receptors have well-established roles in embryogenesis, their contributions to adult physiology remain relatively unexplored. Here, we use real-time quantitative PCR to determine the mRNA expression patterns of all 22 FGFs, the seven principal FGF receptors (FGFRs), and the three members of the Klotho family of coreceptors in 39 different mouse tissues. Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis of the mRNA expression dat...

2010-01-01

190

[Gene expression profiling in lung cancer. Experimental research and clinical application].  

Science.gov (United States)

The microarray technology allows simultaneous analysis of the global gene expression in cells and tissues. In tumor diseases, important transcriptional changes of genes have been unravelled by this method. The resulted gene expression profiles can be used for the prediction of diagnosis, prognosis or therapeutic outcome, as well as for the identification of novel drug targets. Our review depicts state-of-the-art, limitations, translational applications and future directions concerning microarray analyses in lung cancer. PMID:19259908

Kuner, R; Hoffmann, H; Sültmann, H

2009-03-01

191

Molbank | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...registration under processing) Received: 20 January 2014; Accepted: 18 February 2014 / Published: 24 February 2014 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (205 KB) | Supplementary Files Abstract: The title compound, which has two photoreactive groups in a molecule, was synthesized by the coupling reaction of 3-(4-( bromomethyl)phenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-3H-diazirine in the presence of silver oxide in DMSO. Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-5 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote (without abstracts) Tab-delimited PubMed XML DOAJ XML AGRIS XML Molbank EISSN 1422-8599 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS ...

192

Sports | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... This group of riders may be at greater risk for overuse injury due to excessive fatigue and poor biomechanics. p. 14-23 Open Access Short Communication: Music in CrossFit&174—Influence on Performance, Physiological, and Psychological Parameters by Gavin Brupbacher, Jona Harder, Oliver Faude, Lukas Zahner and Lars Donath Sports 2014, 2(1), 14-23; doi:10.3390/sports2010014 Received: 27 ...larger samples and investigate the ground reaction and joint kinetics of the farmers walk and compare these values to other forms of bipedal gait and resistance training exercises to get a more complete understanding of the biomechanics of this exercise. Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-3 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote (without abstracts) Tab-delimited PubMed XML DOAJ ...

193

Catalysts | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...3390/catal4010001 Received: 9 October 2013; in revised form: 13 December 2013 / Accepted: 18 December 2013 / Published: 6 January 2014 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (381 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The application of enzymes such as laccase and xylanase for the preparation of cellulose from lignocellulosic material is an option for those industries seeking to reduce the use of chlorine-containing bleach agents, thus minimizing the environmental impact of their processes. Mixed hydrolytic and oxidative enzyme systems have ...been well described in the context of biopulping, and thus provide good precedent regarding effectiveness, despite the susceptibility of xylanase to inactivation by laccase- generated oxidants. This paper examines the progress towards development of sequential and simultaneous mixed enzyme systems to accomplish delignification. Select/unselect all Displaying article 1-1 Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote (without abstracts) ...

194

IJERPH | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1233-1249 Open Access Article: Relating Built Environment to Physical Activity: Two Failures to Validate by Donald Schopflocher, Eric VanSpronsen and Candace I.... It was designed to explore the relationships between environmental features and physical activity. As published, the IMI does not provide scoring ...has great potential to contribute to understanding relationships between built environment and physical activity. However, constructing reliable and valid scales from IMI ...

195

JLPEA | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 26-43 Open Access Article: Design of Processors with Reconfigurable Microarchitecture by Andrey Mokhov, Maxim Rykunov, Danil Sokolov and Alex Yakovlev J. Low Power Electron. Appl. 2014, 4(1), 26-43; doi:10.3390/jlpea4010026 Received: 2 October 2013; in revised form: 6 January 2014 / Accepted: 8 January 2014 / Published: 20 January 2014 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (681 KB) Abstract: Energy becomes a dominating factor for a wide spectrum of computations: from ...

196

Coatings | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 243-252 Open Access Article: Fabrication of Nanodiamond Coating on Steel by Rafael Velázquez, Victor F. Neto, Kishore Uppireddi, Brad R. Weiner& nbspand Gerardo Morell Coatings 2013, 3(4), 243-252; doi:10.3390/coatings3040243 Received: 8 October 2013; in revised form: 18 November 2013 / Accepted: 20 November 2013 / Published: 2 December 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (493 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The hardness, heat conductivity and low friction ...

197

Nutrients | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 3 (2011) Vol. 2 (2010) Vol. 1 (2009) Table of Contents Nutrients, Volume 6,..., cancer, cardiovascular or photosensitivity disorders, in the context of carotenoids’ unique antioxidative properties. (This article belongs to the Special Issue ...were collected and analyzed for zinc and iron when the children were 3-5 years old. Behavior problems were measured with the Child Behavior ...5 mmol of NO3-). Results show that workload at anaerobic threshold was significantly increased by BJS as compared to the CSW ...

198

Bendix Mobility Test Article (MTA)  

Science.gov (United States)

A concept of a possible Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built by the Bendix Corporation for NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This Mobility Test Article (MTA) is being inspected by a Bendix technician. The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

1965-01-01

199

Grumman Mobility Test Article (MTA)  

Science.gov (United States)

This Mobility Test Article (MTA) was a concept of a possible dual mode Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built by the Grumman Industries for NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

1965-01-01

200

Forests | January 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1-20 Open Access Article: Large-Scale Regeneration Patterns of Pinus nigra Subsp. salzmannii: Poor Evidence of Increasing Facilitation Across a Drought Gradient by ... Woody plant cover is known to affect the regeneration success of Pinus nigra, suggesting the existence of facilitative plant-plant interactions. The ...forest-restoration treatments on levels of tree mortality in an interior ponderosa pine, Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws., forest in California. ...

 
 
 
 
201

La difusión de las investigaciones y el formato IMRYD: Una pesquisa a propósito de la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos / The dissemination of research and the IMRYD format: a screennig apropos of the critical reading of the scientific articles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se estudia la importancia del formato IMRYD -Introducción, Métodos, Resultados y Discusión- para la organización del artículo científico entre los investigadores y profesores de mercadeo y organización de empresas. Con vistas a identificar qué aspectos consideran más importantes en esta estructura, [...] se interrogó a 143 catedráticos de las áreas referidas. Una vez informatizados los datos recogidos, se aplicó el modelo de Rasch para determinar los aspectos considerados como los más importantes por el grupo de expertos consultados. Los especialistas consultados señalaron un total de 20 aspectos como los más relevantes para evaluar la calidad de un artículo científico. Finalmente, a partir de lo indicado por los expertos consultados, se conformó una guía para la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos en las áreas del mercadeo y la organización empresarial. Abstract in english The importance of the format IMRYD -Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion- for the organization of the scientific article among the investigators and professors of marketing and businesses organization is studied. 143 professors of the referred areas were interviewed in order to know which a [...] re the aspects considered by them as the most important in this structure. Once the collected data were computerized, Rasch's model was applied to determine the aspects chosen as the most significant by the group of experts consulted. These specialists indicated a total of 20 aspects as the most relevant to evaluate the quality of a scientific article. Finally, from the aspects mentioned by the experts consulted, a guide for the critical reading of the scientific articles in the areas of marketing and business organization was made.

Julio, García del Junco; Mario, Castellanos Verdugo.

202

Research strategy and programmes on the management of long-lived high-level radioactive waste (pursuant to article L542 of the environmental code taken from the law of December 30, 1991)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is made of two parts: the first part is a status report which highlights the main achievements of all research activities conducted in 2001 in the global context of national and international efforts on nuclear waste management (partitioning and transmutation, disposal in deep geological formations, conditioning and storage, national and international collaborations, report no 7 of the national review board (CNE), the Global 201 conference and the year 2001 highlights). The second part is the executive summary of the 2002 edition of the 'Research strategy and programmes' document. The new edition has ben reorganized according to previous editions in an effort to make it more concise, clearer and more comprehensive. Chapter 1 now focusses entirely on the methodology followed by all research partners and stakeholders in structuring and implementing research programmes. Chapter 2 is new and provides a summary of the major research results 10 years after the 1991 law became effective. Chapter 3 is also new and highlights the major milestones yet ahead and identified in terms of both objectives to be attained and key steps leading up to 2006. Chapter 4 contains a detailed description and analysis of the programmes envisaged and the last 2 chapters discuss very broadly the coordination of research activities and the way they are being implemented both at national (chapter 5) and international (chapter 6) levels. (J.S.)

203

Research expression of Slit3 and Robo4 in corneal neovascularization of rats  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: To explore the roles of neuronal axon-guidance molecules Slit3 and Robo4 receptor in corneal neovascularization(CNVby study their expression in neovascularized cornea of rats. METHODS: CNV models were established by implantation pellets containing basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGFinto corneal stroma. CNV models were measured by biomicroscopy photography. Immunohistochemical staining and imaging analysis system were used to detect the expression of Slit3 and Robo4 in the models after 1, 4, 7, 10 and 14d.RESULTS: The area of CNV and the expression of Slit3, Robo4 were increased in CNV models compared to that in normal cornea and reached highest level on 7d. And the expression level of Slit3 and Robo4 were significantly correlated with the size of CNV on every time point except 1d(r=0.84-0.91, all PCONCLUSION: The expression of Slit3 and Robo4 may be related to the CNV development. They are potential therapeutical target for CNV.

Shi-Yi Xiao

2014-07-01

204

Membranes | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Article: Friedel-Crafts Crosslinked Highly Sulfonated Polyether Ether Ketone (SPEEK) Membranes for a Vanadium/Air Redox Flow Battery by Géraldine Merle, Filipoi Carmen Ioana,...Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (1192 KB) Abstract: Highly conductive and low vanadium permeable crosslinked sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (cSPEEK) ...membranes were prepared by electrophilic aromatic substitution for a Vanadium/Air Redox Flow Battery (Vanadium/Air-RFB) application. Membranes were synthesized from ... Furthermore, the membranes were investigated for a Vanadium/Air Redox Flow Battery application. Membranes crosslinked at 200 °C for 30 min ...

205

Cancers | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 1504-1521 Open Access Article: 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) Signaling Capacity and the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): Implications for Use of 1,25(OH)2D3 in NSCLC Treatment by Santosh Kumar Upadhyay, Alissa Verone, Suzanne Shoemaker, Maochun Qin, Song Liu, Moray Campbell and Pamela A. Hershberger Cancers 2013, 5(4), 1504-1521; doi:10.3390/cancers5041504 Received: 5 September 2013; in revised form: 22 October 2013 / Accepted: 31 October 2013 / Published: 8 November 2013 Show/Hide Abstract ...

206

JMSE | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...system, NGOFS lacks sufficient spatial coverage and/or resolution to fully resolve hydrodynamic features in critical seaports and estuaries. To overcome this shortcoming ... 18-32 Open Access Article: Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis to Support Nearshore Restoration Projects in a Changing Climate by Zhaoqing Yang, Taiping Wang, Dave ... To assist the feasibility study of the restoration project, a hydrodynamic modeling analysis was conducted using a high-resolution unstructured-grid coastal ocean model to ...evaluate the hydrodynamic response to restoration alternatives and to provide guidance to the engineering design of a new levee in the restoration site. ...

207

Proteomes | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies ...implications must be solved before their application in cell therapy, such as safe ex vivo expansion and manipulation to obtain an extensive cell quantity ...been applied in the evaluation of MSCs for their future applications in safe therapies. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature ...as coiled coils and collagen triple helical segments can also identified as intrinsically disordered. This feature has not yet been investigated in more ...

208

Electronics | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 368-386 Open Access Review Review: Graphene and Graphene Nanomesh Spintronics by Junji Haruyama Electronics 2013, 2(4), 368-386; doi:10....December 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (669 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: Spintronics, which manipulate spins but not electron charge, are highly ... A variety of materials are challenging the realization of spintronic devices. Among those, graphene, a carbon mono-atomic layer, is ... In the present article, the recent advancements in graphene spintronics are reviewed, introducing the observation of spin coherence and the spin Hall ...

209

Games | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Games Games, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Games | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to Games Login Register ...Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences ...Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fibers Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Genes Geosciences Healthcare Humanities Informatics Information Inorganics Insects IJERPH IJFS IJMS IJGI JCDD ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Games Games Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ...

210

Micromachines | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 357-369 Open Access Article: Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Sub-Micron Traps for Single-Cell Analysis of Bacteria by Christopher Probst, Alexander Grünberger, Wolfgang Wiechert and Dietrich Kohlheyer Micromachines 2013, 4(4), 357-369; doi:10.3390/mi4040357 Received: 25 July 2013; in revised form: 12 September 2013 / Accepted: 23 September 2013 / Published: 11 October 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (3816 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: Microfluidics has become an essential tool in single-cell analysis assays for gaining ...

211

Foods | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 444-459 Open Access Article: Behavior of Heat-Denatured Whey: Buttermilk Protein Aggregates during the Yogurt-Making Process and Their Influence on Set-Type Yogurt Properties by ...objective of this study was to assess the impact of using heat-denatured whey:buttermilk protein aggregate in acid-set type yogurt production. Whey and ...Comparison of SPME Methods for Determining Volatile Compounds in Milk, Cheese, and Whey Powder by Michael H. Tunick, Susan K. Iandola ... Products such as dehydrated whey protein are more stable and can be exposed to longer periods (60 min) of warming at ...

212

Membranes | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 375-388 Open Access Article: Study of Hydrophilic Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes for Filtration of Micro and Nanosize Suspended Particles by Ramazan Asmatulu, Harish Muppalla, Zeinab Veisi, Waseem S. Khan, Abu Asaduzzaman and Nurxat Nuraje Membranes 2013, 3(4), 375-388; doi:10.3390/membranes3040375 Received: 24 July 2013; in revised form: 18 October 2013 / Accepted: 21 October 2013 / Published: 14 November 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (1218 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: Polymeric ...

213

Arts | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Arts Arts, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Arts | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to Arts Login Register ...Administrative Sciences Aerospace Agriculture Agronomy Algorithms Animals Antibiotics Antibodies Antioxidants Applied Sciences Arts Atmosphere Atoms Axioms Behavioral Sciences Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain ...Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Arts Arts Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ...

214

Energies | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 498-519 Open Access Article: Low Voltage Ride-through in DFIG Wind Generators by Controlling the Rotor Current without Crowbars by Jaime Rodríguez Arribas, Adrián ...or DFIG technology, are the most vulnerable to grid faults such as voltage sags. This paper proposes a new control strategy for this ...wind generator, that allows these devices to withstand the effects of a voltage sag while following the new requirements imposed by grid operators. ...9%, respectively, under the same conditions. A biomass discoloration index (BDI) was created to quantify changes in biochar colors as affected ...

215

Robotics | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Robotics Robotics, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Robotics | March 2014 - Browse Articles Submit to Robotics Login Register ...Pharmaceutics Pharmacy Plants Polymers Processes Proteomes Publications Religions Remote Sensing Resources Risks Robotics Sensors Social Sciences Societies Sports Sustainability Symmetry Systems Technologies Toxics Toxins ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Robotics Robotics Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2012) Table of Contents Robotics, Volume 3, Issue 1 (March 2014), Pages 1- Issues are regarded as officially published ...

216

Technologies | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1-30 Open Access Article: Analysis of North American Newspaper Coverage of Bionics Using the Disability Studies Framework by Sonum Panesar and Gregor Wolbring Technologies ...on how bionic technologies and its users are portrayed in North American newspapers. Data was obtained from 1977 to 2013 from the Canadian ...Newsstand complete database which covers over 300 English language Canadian newspapers and two Canadian newspapers, one with national focus (The Globe and Mail)...and one with local focus (Calgary Herald), and from 1980-2013 from one American newspaper with national reach (The New York Times). The ...

217

Microarrays | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Microarrays Microarrays, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Microarrays | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to Microarrays Login Register ...Life Lubricants Machines Marine Drugs Materials Mathematics Medical Sciences Membranes Metabolites Metals Microarrays Micromachines Microorganisms Minerals Molbank Molecules Nanomaterials Nutrients Pathogens Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceutics Pharmacy ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Microarrays Microarrays Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2012) Table of Contents Microarrays, Volume 2, Issue 4 (December 2013), Pages 284-339 Issues are regarded as officially published ...

218

Biology | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Four compounds, anthothecol, garcinol, piplartine, and rottlerin, were further characterized, and the ability of these compounds to inhibit the refolding of luciferase, and reduce the rate of growth of MCF7 breast cancer cells, correlated with their ability to suppress the Hsp90-dependent maturation of the heme-regulated eIF2a kinase, and deplete cultured cells of Hsp90-dependent client proteins. Thus, this screen has identified an additional 44 compounds with known beneficial pharmacological properties, but with unknown mechanisms of action as possible new inhibitors of the Hsp90 chaperone machine. (This article belongs to ...

219

Microorganisms | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Resources Risks Robotics Sensors Social Sciences Societies Sports Sustainability Symmetry Systems Technologies Toxics Toxins Vaccines Veterinary Sciences Viruses Water Volume Author Section ... 11-32 Open Access Article: Towards an Ecological Understanding of Dinoflagellate Cyst Functions by Isabel Bravo and Rosa Isabel Figueroa Microorganisms 2014, 2(1)...PDF Full-text (1659 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The life cycle of many dinoflagellates includes at least one nonflagellated benthic stage (cyst). ...In the literature, the different types of dinoflagellate cysts are mainly defined based on morphological (number and type of layers in the cell ...

220

Biology | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 1488-1496 Open Access Article: Root-Zone Glyphosate Exposure Adversely Affects Two Ditch Species by Lyndsay E. Saunders, Melissa B. Koontz and Reza ...December 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (136 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: Glyphosate, one of the most applied herbicides globally, has been ... In the field, following precipitation, glyphosate runs off into agricultural ditches where it infiltrates into the soil and thus may encounter the roots ...may have a differential sensitivity to exposure of the root zone to glyphosate, contributing to patterns of abundance of ruderal species. The ...

 
 
 
 
221

Pathogens | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Display options: Normal Show Abstracts Compact Export citation of selected articles as: Plain Text BibTeX BibTeX (without abstracts) Endnote Endnote ...Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (514 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The human gastro-intestinal tract hosts a complex and diverse microbial community, whose collective ...challenged by adverse micro-environmental factors, such as different pH, enzymes, and bacterial flora. With exception of the oral cavity, these microenvironments also ...despite the prima facie inauspicious mixture of harmful secretions and bacteria, the normal GI mucosa retains a healthy state of cell renewal. To ...

222

Information | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... On the Possible Quantum Mechanical Origin and Evolution of Semiotic Controls in Biology by András Balázs Information 2013, 4(4), ... The successive steps of the algorithm are, tentatively, semiotic constraints of the well-known quantum mechanical molecular “internal measurement” type. It is proposed ... 398-410 Open Access Article: Empirical Analysis on Evolution and Small World Effect of Chinese Enterprise-Enterprise Patent Cooperation Network: From the Perspective of Open ... A conclusion can be drawn from the analysis results that the biggest subgroup has the characteristics of small-world effect, but the overall ...

223

Foods | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...discuss the effect of variety on the peptide response observed from different wheat grain varieties and will describe the sample preparation protocol which is ... Food preparation practices showed potential for cross-contamination during cooking, such as using the same cutting board for different kinds of foods ... 149-159 Open Access Article: Fermented Brown Rice Flour as Functional Food Ingredient by Muna Ilowefah, Chiemela Chinma, Jamilah Bakar, Hasanah M....negative effects of bran on final cereal products, the utilization of whole-cereal flour is recommended, such as brown rice flour as a functional ...

224

Geosciences | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 633-667 Open Access Article: Modification of the Continental Crust by Subduction Zone Magmatism and Vice-Versa: Across-Strike Geochemical Variations of Silicic Lavas from Individual Eruptive Centers in the Andean Central Volcanic Zone by Gary S. Michelfelder, Todd C. Feeley, Alicia D. Wilder and Erik ... At a given SiO2 content, lavas erupted with increasing distance from the arc front display systematically higher K2O, Rb, Th, Y, REE and HFSE contents; Rb/Sr ratios; and Sr isotopic ratios. In contrast, the lavas display systematically lower ...

225

Lubricants | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... The following classes of nanomaterials are considered: fullerenes, nanodiamonds, ultradispersed boric acid and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Current advances in using nanomaterials in engine oils, industrial lubricants and greases are discussed. Results of numerous studies combined with formulation experience of the authors strongly suggest that nanomaterials do indeed have potential for enhancing certain lubricant properties, yet there is a long way to go before balanced formulations are developed. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Additives for Lubricants) p. 102-131 Open Access Review Review: Experimental ...

226

Chemosensors | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Chemosensors Chemosensors, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Chemosensors | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to Chemosensors Login Register ...Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Chemosensors Chemosensors Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2013) Table of Contents Chemosensors, Volume 1, Issue 3 (December 2013), Pages 21-77 Issues are regarded as officially published ...

227

Chemosensors | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Chemosensors Chemosensors, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Chemosensors | March 2014 - Browse Articles Submit to Chemosensors Login Register ...Bioengineering Biology Biomedicines Biomolecules Biosensors Brain Sciences Buildings Cancers Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Chemosensors Chemosensors Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (2013) Table of Contents Chemosensors, Volume 2, Issue 1 (March 2014), Pages 1- Issues are regarded as officially published ...

228

Resources | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... We describe a meta-analysis designed to evaluate the property value benefits of LID practices that reduce impervious surfaces and increase vegetated areas in ... From the many hedonic property valuation studies of the benefits of general open space, we identified 35 studies that valued open spaces ...that the design and characteristics of a project affect the magnitude of benefits, and that values decline with distance. More broadly, ...developers could draw on our synthesis of site characteristics’ effects to maximize benefits from open space associated with LID. (This article belongs ...

229

Dentistry Journal | Article Processing Charges  

... Dentistry Journal Dentistry Journal, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Dentistry Journal | Article Processing Charges Submit to Dentistry Journal ...Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Dentistry Journal Dentistry Journal Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting ... 1 (2013) Dentistry Journal - Open Access and Publication Fees Dentistry Journal (ISSN 2304-6767) is an Open Access journal, which is free ...

230

JPM | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Access Article: Design and Implementation of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Genomic Counseling for Patients with Chronic Disease by Kevin Sweet, Erynn S....implementation of a randomized controlled trial to investigate the impact of genomic counseling on a cohort of patients with heart failure (HF) ... Participants are randomized to either the in-person post-test genomic counseling—active arm, versus web-based only return of results—control arm. Study-specific surveys measure:...health behavior change; and, for the active arm (5), overall satisfaction with genomic counseling. This ongoing partnership has spurred creation of both infrastructure and ...

231

Diseases | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...XML Full-text | Supplementary Files Abstract: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder characterised by hypertension and proteinuria, which in severe cases results in multi-system disturbances....Review Review: Effect of Cardio-Metabolic Risk Factors Clustering with or without Arterial Hypertension on Arterial Stiffness: A Narrative Review by Vasilios G. ... Arterial hypertension was connected to AS long ago; however, other MetS components (obesity, dyslipidaemia, dysglycaemia) or MetS ...be taken into consideration when treating MetS patients with or without arterial hypertension. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)...

232

Polymers | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

...and Its Validation by Gas Molecule Diffusion Coefficients Using Molecular Dynamics (MD) Simulation by Haiyan Wang, Li Liu, Yudong Huang, Di ...coefficient (SDC) for SO2, NO2 and H2O molecules by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. All of the SDCs calculated for SO2, NO2 and ...the last ten years, it has also been successfully investigated in the field of drug delivery, in the form of conjugates or hydrogel ...particularly, they show that the latter is characterized by a significantly lower force and displacement capacity. (This article belongs to the Special ...

233

Entropy | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Entropy Entropy, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Entropy | February 2014 - Browse Articles Submit to Entropy Login Register ...Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fibers Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Genes Geosciences Healthcare ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Entropy Entropy Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting Instructions for ... 1 (1999) Table of Contents Entropy, Volume 16, Issue 2 (February 2014), Pages 627- Issues are regarded as officially published ...

234

Agronomy | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy Environments Fibers Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Genes ...Microarrays Micromachines Microorganisms Minerals Molbank Molecules Nanomaterials Nutrients Pathogens Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceutics Pharmacy Plants Polymers Processes Proteomes Publications Religions Remote Sensing Resources Risks Robotics Sensors ...Open Access Article: Initial Steps towards Biocontrol in Hops: Successful Colonization and Plant Growth Promotion by Four Bacterial Biocontrol Agents by Katja A. ... Biological control agents (BCA) are the basis of an environmentally friendly plant protection strategy that uses plant promotion and antagonistic effects of microorganisms....

235

Molecules | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1622-1634 Open Access Article: 4-Aminobenzoic Acid-Coated Maghemite Nanoparticles as Potential Anticancer Drug Magnetic Carriers: A Case Study on Highly Cytotoxic Cisplatin-Like Complexes Involving ...Full-text (2646 KB) | Supplementary Files Abstract: This study describes a one-pot synthesis of superparamagnetic maghemite-based 4-aminobenzoic acid-coated spherical core- shell nanoparticles (PABA@FeNPs) ... The results showed that the products consist of well-dispersed maghemite-based nanoparticles of 13 nm average size that represent an easily obtainable system for ...

236

Galaxies | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...spherically symmetric solutions of covariant Horava-Lifshitz gravity and does not require Dark Matter. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in ...the present epoch, is explicitly calculated for it in the case of matter-dominated epochs with Dark Energy. For a highly eccentric Oort comet ...on a homogeneous and isotropic universe with a small cosmological constant and matter. These observations, also known as “cosmic anomalies” include unexpected ... Such a departure is very much constrained by cosmological observations for matter. For dark energy however there are no significant observational constraints ...

237

Antioxidants | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... At the end of this review, the total antioxidant content (TAC) of coffee samples from 21 coffee- producing countries as measured by ... The TAC of green and roasted coffee beans is also compared. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Antioxidants) ...we compared concord, purple, red, and green grapes for total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and carbohydrate concentration. All grapes were acquired from commercial ... Each fraction was analyzed for total TAC and carbohydrates. The concord grapes and purple grapes had significantly higher TAC in the homogenates ...

238

Mathematics | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 12-28 Open Access Article: On the Folded Normal Distribution by Michail Tsagris, Christina Beneki and Hossein Hassani Mathematics 2014, 2(1), 12-28; doi:10.3390/math2010012 Received: 10 October 2013; in revised form: 26 January 2014 / Accepted: 26 January 2014 / Published: 14 February 2014 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (351 KB) Abstract: The characteristic function of the folded normal distribution and its moment function are derived. The entropy of the folded normal distribution and the Kullback-Leibler ...

239

Stromal proteome expression profile and muscle-invasive bladder cancer research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To globally characterize the cancer stroma expression profile of muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma and to discuss the cancer biology as well as biomarker discovery from stroma. Laser capture micro dissection was used to harvest purified muscle-invasive bladder cancer stromal cells and normal urothelial stromal cells from 4 paired samples. Two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry was used to identify the proteome expression profile. The differential proteins were further analyzed using bioinformatics tools and compared with the published literature. Results We identified 868/872 commonly expressed proteins and 978 differential proteins from 4 paired cancer and normal stromal samples using laser capture micro dissection coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. 487/491 proteins uniquely expressed in cancer/normal stroma. Differential proteins were compared with the entire list of the international protein index (IPI, and there were 42/42 gene ontology (GO terms exhibited as enriched and 8/5 exhibited as depleted in cellular Component, respectively. Significantly altered pathways between cancer/normal stroma mainly include metabolic pathways, ribosome, focal adhesion, etc. Finally, descriptive statistics show that the stromal proteins with extremes of PI and MW have the same probability to be a biomarker. Conclusions Based on our results, stromal cells are essential component of the cancer, biomarker discovery and network based multi target therapy should consider neoplastic cells itself and corresponding stroma as whole one.

Niu Haitao

2012-08-01

240

Research Resource: Comprehensive Expression Atlas of the Fibroblast Growth Factor System in Adult Mouse  

Science.gov (United States)

Although members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family and their receptors have well-established roles in embryogenesis, their contributions to adult physiology remain relatively unexplored. Here, we use real-time quantitative PCR to determine the mRNA expression patterns of all 22 FGFs, the seven principal FGF receptors (FGFRs), and the three members of the Klotho family of coreceptors in 39 different mouse tissues. Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis of the mRNA expression data reveals that most FGFs and FGFRs fall into two groups the expression of which is enriched in either the central nervous system or reproductive and gastrointestinal tissues. Interestingly, the FGFs that can act as endocrine hormones, including FGF15/19, FGF21, and FGF23, cluster in a third group that does not include any FGFRs, underscoring their roles in signaling between tissues. We further show that the most recently identified Klotho family member, Lactase-like, is highly and selectively expressed in brown adipose tissue and eye and can function as an additional coreceptor for FGF19. This FGF atlas provides an important resource for guiding future studies to elucidate the physiological functions of FGFs in adult animals.

Fon Tacer, Klementina; Bookout, Angie L.; Ding, Xunshan; Kurosu, Hiroshi; John, George B.; Wang, Lei; Goetz, Regina; Mohammadi, Moosa; Kuro-o, Makoto; Mangelsdorf, David J.; Kliewer, Steven A.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Top 20 cited Spine Journal articles, 1990-2009  

Science.gov (United States)

AIM: To determine the most cited articles and most published authors in Spine Journal from 1990-2009. METHODS: Spine Journal, established in 1976, is affiliated with 12 spine societies and a leader in spine research articles. Citation analysis is a method to determine the impact of a journal and its articles on academia and clinical practice. Using the Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge, we determined the most cited articles in Spine Journal between1990-2009. The characteristics and type of article were recorded. Next, we evaluated the most published authors during the same time period and calculated the number of citations for each author. The number of first authorships for each of these authors was also determined along with the number of citations for those articles. RESULTS: The top 20 cited articles range from 491 to 267 total citations. The top 20 published authors had between 41 and 135 articles. Seventeen of the top 20 articles were clinical studies. The range of citations per lead authorship ratio was 36 to 724 with one author having no lead authorships. Low back pain was the most common theme encountered in the top cited articles. The first-ranked article was not a spine-specific topic rather it was regarding general physical and mental health status survey update review. CONCLUSION: Spine Journal and its authors have a clear impact on the scientific community based on this review of the top articles and authors in the last 20 years.

Elgafy, Hossein K; Miller, Jacob D; Hashmi, Sohaib; Ericksen, Steven

2014-01-01

242

Article Impact Means Journal Impact  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available These days there is a lot of misunderstanding of scientometrics and we often see a confusion of the research with its indicators. Science ministries and university administrators try to push their country's or institution's "research impact" by telling researchers to increase numeric figures that were invented as proxies for later assessment. In obvious juxtaposition to common sense this even leads to direct orders to postdocs "to only publish in high impact journals" and not to engage in other important activities scientists of well-rounded stature will routinely perform, like publication in medium impact journals of their immediate field, in startup journals, in conference proceedings, of book chapters, as grey literature or intended for dissemination to the general public, reviewing, editing, writing blogs etc.

Uwe Matzat

2013-06-01

243

[The research on the expression of rabbit defensin (NP-1) gene in transgenic tomato].  

Science.gov (United States)

Rabbit defensin NP-1 is one kind of alpha-defensins. It is composed of 33 amino acids. It was firstly extracted from polymorphonnuclear neutrophile of rabbits. It displayed resistance to bacteria, fungi and virus, especially high resistance to bacteria. In our experiments NP-1 gene was constructed into a plant expression vector. Eight transgenic plants containing the rabbit defensin gene (NP-1) were obtained through agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The transgenic plants were analysized by PCR, Southern hybridization, Northern dot blot hybridization and in vitro microbicidical activity against E. coli and Fusarium oxysporum. The results showed that NP-1 gene was transformed into the tomato, and the transgene displayed physiological-level expression. The transgenic tomato also showed resistance to pathogen Fusarium oxysporum in vivo. Our experiments paved a way for pathogen resistance breeding of tomato. PMID:11209688

Zhang, X H; Guo, D J; Zhang, L M; Li, W B; Sun, Y R

2000-01-01

244

Raw composition for carbon articles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A process for manufacturing homogeneous and low porosity carbon articles of great mechanical strength from a composition including a sinterable mother material and an additive selected from the group consisting of hydrocarbons, fatty acids, esters and salts of fatty acids, organic compounds having oh functional groups and mixtures thereof, wherein the mother material has an H/C atomic ratio of 0.3 to 0.75, a fixed carbon value of 55 to 96% and does not flow out of a 1 mm diameter nozzle at a temperature of 300/sup 0/ C under a load of 10 kg/cm2; and the additive has a fixed carbon value of 20% at most, a boiling or decomposition point of at least 150/sup 0/ C and becomes fluid at a temperature of at least 100/sup 0/ C.

Asano, K.; Kawai, Y.; Tamura, F.; Yamaki, K.

1980-10-07

245

Actuators | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 129-144 Open Access Article: Double-Acting Sleeve Muscle Actuator for Bio-Robotic Systems by Hao Zheng and Xiangrong Shen Actuators 2013, 2(4), 129-144; doi:10.3390/act2040129 Received: 5 November 2013; in revised form: 14 November 2013 / Accepted: 20 ...November 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (650 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: This paper presents a new type of muscle-like actuator, namely double-acting (DA) sleeve muscle actuator, which is suitable for the actuation of biologically-inspired and biomedical robotic systems, especially those serving human-assistance purposes (prostheses,... Developed based on the traditional pneumatic muscle actuator, the new DA sleeve muscle incorporates a unique insert at the center. With the insert occupying the central portion of the internal volume, this new actuator enjoys multiple advantages relative to the traditional pneumatic muscle, including ...

246

Insects | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... These have generated the conditions for ecological imbalances that favored dominance of specific populations of insects, arachnids, nematodes, etc., in certain areas, with narrower genetic backgrounds. These conditions provided the selective pressure for development of new hosts for pathogenic interactions, and so, host specificity of certain strains. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Pathology) p. 92-104 Open Access ... For example, nematodes residing in the hemolymph may release bacteria with virulence factors targeting neurons or neuromuscular junctions. The first section of this review focuses on toxins and their context in agriculture. The second describes the mode of action of toxins from common entomopathogens and the third draws comparisons between Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. The fourth section reviews the implications of the nervous system in biocontrol....

247

Coatings | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 85-97 Open Access Article: Spray-on PEDOT:PSS and P3HT:PCBM Thin Films for Polymer Solar Cells by Morteza Eslamian and Joshua E. Newton ...KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: PEDOT:PSS electron-blocking layer, and PEDOT:PSS + P3HT:PCBM stacked layers are fabricated by ultrasonic atomization and characterized by ... Microstructural investigation (field-emission scanning electron microscope FESEM and X-Ray diffractometry XRD) reveals a high density and low oxide content for HVOF Fe-based ... This is due to the reduced shear forces in sliding on low-friction DLC coatings on the soft epoxy-based CFC, decreasing the total ...

248

Computation | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 31-45 Open Access Article: Second-Row Transition-Metal Doping of (ZniSi), i = 12, 16 Nanoclusters: Structural and Magnetic Properties by ...October 2013 / Published: 14 November 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (2532 KB) Abstract: TM@ZniSi nanoclusters have been characterized by means of the Density Functional Theory,... The open-shell electronic structure of Ag provides magnetic properties to Ag@ZniSi clusters. Therefore, we have further characterized (Ag@Zn12S12)...and (Ag@Zn16S16)2 dimers both in the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic state, in order to calculate the corresponding magnetic exchange coupling constant, ...

249

Antibiotics | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 485-499 Open Access Article: Influence of Sterilized Human Fecal Extract on the Sensitivity of Salmonella enterica ATCC 13076 and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 15313 to Enrofloxacin by Youngbeom Ahn, Ryan Stuckey, Kidon Sung, Fatemeh Rafii and Carl E. Cerniglia Antibiotics 2013, 2(4), 485-499; doi:10.3390/antibiotics2040485 Received: 1 August 2013; in revised form: 14 November 2013 / Accepted: ... To investigate antimicrobial effects on bacteria under colonic conditions, we studied resistance development in Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes exposed to enrofloxacin in the presence of fecal extract. The bacteria were incubated at 37 °C in Mueller-Hinton broth, with and without 0.01~0.5 µg/mL enrofloxacin, in the presence and absence of sucrose, and with 1% or 2.5% filter-sterilized fecal ...

250

Diversity | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Sequence Tag-Simple Sequence Repeat (EST-SSR) Marker Resources for Diversity Analysis of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) by Natalie L. Dillon, David ...study, a collection of 24,840 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) generated from five mango (Mangifera indica L.) cDNA libraries was mined for EST-based simple ... Of these, 25 EST-SSRs in genes involved in plant development, stress response, and fruit color and flavor development pathways were selected, developed ... indica varieties, and related Mangifera species. Twenty-four of the 25 EST-SSR markers exhibited polymorphisms, identifying a total of 86 alleles ...

251

Short communication: expression of transporters and metabolizing enzymes in the female lower genital tract: implications for microbicide research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Topical vaginal microbicides have been considered a promising option for preventing the male-to-female sexual transmission of HIV; however, clinical trials to date have not clearly demonstrated robust and reproducible effectiveness results. While multiple approaches may help enhance product effectiveness observed in clinical trials, increasing the drug exposure in lower genital tract tissues is a compelling option, given the difficulty in achieving sufficient drug exposure and positive correlation between tissue exposure and microbicide efficacy. Since many microbicide drug candidates are substrates of transporters and/or metabolizing enzymes, there is emerging interest in improving microbicide exposure and efficacy through local modulation of transporters and enzymes in the female lower genital tract. However, no systematic information on transporter/enzyme expression is available for ectocervical and vaginal tissues of premenopausal women, the genital sites most relevant to microbicide drug delivery. The current study utilized reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to examine the mRNA expression profile of 22 transporters and 19 metabolizing enzymes in premenopausal normal human ectocervix and vagina. Efflux and uptake transporters important for antiretroviral drugs, such as P-gp, BCRP, OCT2, and ENT1, were found to be moderately or highly expressed in the lower genital tract as compared to liver. Among the metabolizing enzymes examined, most CYP isoforms were not detected while a number of UGTs such as UGT1A1 were highly expressed. Moderate to high expression of select transporters and enzymes was also observed in mouse cervix and vagina. The implications of this information on microbicide research is also discussed, including microbicide pharmacokinetics, the utilization of the mouse model in microbicide screening, as well as the in vivo functional studies of cervicovaginal transporters and enzymes. PMID:23607746

Zhou, Tian; Hu, Minlu; Cost, Marilyn; Poloyac, Samuel; Rohan, Lisa

2013-11-01

252

Un Modelo para la Homogeneización de las Clases Textuales de la Biblioteca Electrónica Scielo-Chile: la Variabilidad del Artículo de Investigación en Diversas Disciplinas A Model for the Homogenization of Textual Classes in the Scientific Library Scielo-Chile: The Variability of Research Articles in Different Disciplines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta un modelo formal y se aplican diversos índices cienciométricos que permiten analizar la variación de las clases textuales contenidas en los artículos de investigación publicados en las revistas de la biblioteca electrónica Scielo-Chile (http://www.scielo.cl. Para ello, se generó una matriz de 33 criterios formales para clasificar la variada gama de clases textuales que aparecen en las revistas de la biblioteca. Los resultados muestran que existen al menos tres tipos de artículos de investigación, y que su ocurrencia depende de la revista y de la disciplina a la que pertenece: de investigación científica, de investigación o estudio y de investigación teórica. Además, se establece que en algunas revistas la denominación de las clases textuales, por parte de los autores y editores no concuerda con la denominación derivada de la aplicación de los criterios formales. Por último, se estima que los artículos de investigación, en promedio, representan un 70% de todos los registros de Scielo-Chile.A formal model is presented and various science measurement indexes are applied for determining the variation in the textual classes included in research articles published in journals available in the electronic library Scielo-Chile (http://www.scielo.cl. To this end, a matrix of 33 formal criteria was generated to categorize the wide spectrum of textual classes that appear in the scientific journals of the library. The results show that there exist at least three types of research articles and that the presence of each type depends on the scientific journal and the discipline to which it belongs: scientific research, research and study, and theoretical research. In addition to that, it is established that, in some scientific journals, the designation of textual classes by authors and editors does not agree with the designation derived from the application of the formal categorization. Finally, it is estimated that research articles represent 70% of all registered material included in Scielo-Chile.

Omar Sabaj

2010-01-01

253

Verbs Expressing Wish and Their Modality Features in Modern English  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article the study of the modality features of verbs expressing wish in modern English is carried out. Modality is a semantic-grammatical category which expresses the attitude of the speaker to the discourse. It is frequently targeted for its subjectivity, meaning and contextual expressions. Modality features of verbs expressing wish has been thoroughly researched, the latest achievement of different linguists on this topic have been investigated. A new approach on modality of the verbs expressing wish has been given in the result of the article.

Sevil Elchin Gurbanova

2012-11-01

254

New Developments in Sleep Research: Molecular Genetics, Gene Expression, and Systems Neurobiology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Understanding the mechanisms that underlie the control of sleep and wakefulness is a major research area in neuroscience. This mini-symposium review highlights some recent developments at the gene, molecular, cellular, and systems level that have advanced this field. The studies discussed below utilize organisms ranging from flies to humans and focus on the interaction between the sleep homeostatic and circadian systems, the consequences of mutations in genes involved in the circadian clock o...

Kilduff, Thomas S.; Lein, Ed S.; La Iglesia, Horacio; Sakurai, Takeshi; Fu, Ying-hui; Shaw, Paul

2008-01-01

255

Microarrays | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...large DNA segment in the genome, referred to as copy number variation (CNV), has caught the attention of many researchers recently. ...It is believed that CNVs contribute significantly to genome variability, and thus contribute to phenotypic variability. In chickens, genome-wide surveys with ...chip detection or whole genome sequencing have revealed a large number of CNVs. A large portion of chicken CNVs involves protein coding or ... A few CNVs have been demonstrated to be the determinant factors for single gene traits, such as late-feathering, pea-comb and dermal ...

256

Genes | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... Mathews and Leila Jamal Genes 2014, 5(1), 1-12; doi:10.3390/genes5010001 Received: 15 November 2013; in revised form: 2 December 2013 / Accepted: 8 January 2014 / Published: 22 January 2014 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (99 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The risks and benefits of research using large databases of personal information are evolving in an era of ubiquitous, internet-based data exchange. In addition, information technology has facilitated a ...

257

JCM | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 135-143 Open Access Review Review: Clinical Guidelines on Long-Term Pharmacotherapy for Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents by Joanna H. Cox, Stefano ...Accepted: 9 January 2014 / Published: 21 January 2014 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (176 KB) Abstract: Bipolar disorder is a severe affective disorder which can present in adolescence,... The phenomenology of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents appears to differ from that of adult patients, prompting the need for specific ...requirement for further research into the pharmacotherapy of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. This review compares and critically analyzes the available guidelines,...

258

Metabolites | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 1051-1075 Open Access Review Review: Metformin: On Ongoing Journey across Diabetes, Cancer Therapy and Prevention by Claudio Pulito, Toran Sanli, ... Diabetic patients treated with metformin exhibit a reduced incidence of cancer and cancer-related mortality. This highlights the possibility that the tackling of ... Here, we review the emerging role of metformin as a paradigmatic example of an old drug used worldwide to treat patients with type ... Metformin is also becoming the focus of intense basic and clinical research on chemoprevention, thus suggesting that metabolic alteration is an early ...

259

Pharmaceutics | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1-25 Open Access Review Review: Phototriggerable Liposomes: Current Research and Future Perspectives by Anu Puri Pharmaceutics 2014, 6(1), 1-25; doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics6010001 Received: 11 November 2013; in revised form: 28 November 2013 / Accepted: 5 December 2013 / Published: 19 December 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (1181 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The field of cancer nanomedicine is considered a promising area for improved delivery of bioactive molecules including drugs, pharmaceutical agents and ...

260

Finding and Recommending Scholarly Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

The rate at which scholarly literature is being produced has been increasing at approximately 3.5 percent per year for decades. This means that during a typical 40 year career the amount of new literature produced each year increases by a factor of four. The methods scholars use to discover relevant literature must change. Just like everybody else involved in information discovery, scholars are confronted with information overload. Two decades ago, this discovery process essentially consisted of paging through abstract books, talking to colleagues and librarians, and browsing journals. A time-consuming process, which could even be longer if material had to be shipped from elsewhere. Now much of this discovery process is mediated by online scholarly information systems. All these systems are relatively new, and all are still changing. They all share a common goal: to provide their users with access to the literature relevant to their specific needs. To achieve this each system responds to actions by the user by displaying articles which the system judges relevant to the user's current needs. Recently search systems which use particularly sophisticated methodologies to recommend a few specific papers to the user have been called "recommender systems". These methods are in line with the current use of the term "recommender system" in computer science. We do not adopt this definition, rather we view systems like these as components in a larger whole, which is presented by the scholarly information systems themselves. In what follows we view the recommender system as an aspect of the entire information system; one which combines the massive memory capacities of the machine with the cognitive abilities of the human user to achieve a human-machine synergy.

Kurtz, Michael J.; Henneken, Edwin A.

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
261

Estrategias académicas de inserción científica: una propuesta metodológica para el estudio de las reivindicaciones epistémicas en los artículos de investigación / Stratégies Universitaires d'Insertion Scientifique: Une Proposition Méthodologique pour l'étude des Revendications épistémiques dans les Articles de Recherche / Academic Strategies for Scientific Insertion: A Methodological Proposal to Study Epistemic Claims Found in Research Articles / Estratégias acadêmicas de inserção científica: uma proposta metodológica para o estudio das reivindicações epistêmicas nos artígos de pesquisas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese As reivindicações epistêmicas são atos graças aos que os responsáveis encaminham socialmente o saber ora ativado. No mundo acadêmico, as reivindicações epistêmicas associam-se com conteúdos específicos que um autor desfralda após escrever um artigo de investigação. Se bem existem métodos diversos pa [...] ra analisar a construção coletiva do conhecimento, não existem propostas específicas que permitam uma descrição do modo como essas reivindicações são socialmente inseridas numa comunidade científica. é nesse âmbito que este artigo apresenta um método interdisciplinar para estudar a forma em que os autores de artigos científicos incluem, utilizando citações, as suas reivindicações epistêmicas na comunidade científica. Apresentaremos uma tipologia das reivindicações epistêmicas, onde diferenciamos em função do tipo de conteúdo que as mesmas promovem as reivindicações teóricas, metodológicas e performativas. Os resultados mostram que o tipo de reivindicação epistêmica associa-se à estratégia de citação. O método que oferecemos contribui ao estudo da construção coletiva do conhecimento, já que permite diferenciar as estratégias acadêmicas que os autores ativam e o tipo de conhecimento reivindicado. Abstract in spanish Las reivindicaciones epistémicas son actos a través de los cuales los actores sitúan socialmente el saber que movilizan. En el mundo académico, las reivindicaciones epistémicas se asocian a los contenidos específicos que un autor despliega al escribir un artículo de investigación. Si bien existen mé [...] todos diversos para analizar la construcción colectiva del conocimiento, no existen propuestas específicas que permitan describir el modo en que estas reivindicaciones se insertan socialmente en una comunidad científica. En este contexto, este artículo presenta un método interdisciplinario para estudiar la manera en que los autores de artículos científicos inscriben, a través del uso de las citaciones, sus reivindicaciones epistémicas en una comunidad científica. Proponemos una tipología de las reivindicaciones epistémicas en la que distinguimos, en función del tipo de contenido que éstas promueven, las reivindicaciones teóricas, metodológicas y performativas. Los resultados muestran que el tipo de reivindicación epistémica está asociado a la estrategia de citación. El método que proponemos contribuye al estudio de la construcción colectiva del conocimiento, pues permite diferenciar las estrategias académicas que los autores movilizan y el tipo de conocimiento reivindicado. Abstract in english Epistemic claims are actions in which the actors apply their knowledge socially. In the academic world, epistemic claims are associated with specific contents that an author makes when writing a research article. While there are diverse methods for analyzing the collective construction of knowledge, [...] there are no specific proposals to describe how these claims are socially inserted in the scientific community. In this context, the article presents an interdisciplinary method for studying how authors of scientific articles use their epistemic claims in order to insert themselves into a scientific community. We propose a typology of epistemic claims in which, based on the type of content they promote, we distinguish the theoretical and performance claims. The results show that the type of epistemic claim is associated with the citation strategy. The method that we propose contributes to the study of collective construction of knowledge, in that it makes it possible to differentiate the academic strategies used by authors and the type of knowledge claimed.

Álvaro, Pina-Stranger; Omar, Sabaj Meruane; Paulina, Toro Tengrove; Ken, Matsuda Oteíza.

2013-04-01

262

The closterovirus-derived gene expression and RNA interference vectors as tools for research and plant biotechnology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Important progress in understanding replication, interactions with host plants, and evolution of closteroviruses enabled engineering of several vectors for gene expression and virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS. Due to the broad host range of closteroviruses, these vectors expanded vector applicability to include important woody plants such as citrus and grapevine. Furthermore, large closterovirus genomes offer genetic capacity and stability unrivaled by other plant viral vectors. These features provided immense opportunities for using closterovirus vectors for the functional genomics studies and pathogen control in economically valuable crops. This review briefly summarizes advances in closterovirus research during the last decade, explores the relationships between virus biology and vector design, and outlines the most promising directions for future application of closterovirus vectors.

ValerianV.Dolja

2013-04-01

263

Research.  

Science.gov (United States)

In May of 1999, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences hosted a conference on ways to improve the scientific quality of educational research. In medicine, thanks to work 40 years ago by 2 researchers, Howard Hyatt and Frederick Mosteller, the commitment of medical professionals to base their diagnoses and prescriptions on clinical trials in…

Raudenbush, Stephen

264

Les citations scientifiques: des réseaux de références dans des univers de références. L’exemple d’articles de chimie.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The overall goal of my research is to highlight the social and relational depth of references and citations in scientific evidence that, far from being mere indicators of productivity and visibility of research, are also an expression of scientific sociability. Because they boost the social and intellectual research, references and citations are the possible vector for transformation of scientific community.Based on a corpus of 32 articles from a chemistry laboratory in Toulouse and with interviews with their authors, I analyze the references of three of them as an opportunity for authors, to boost their relations with collectives to whom they claim to belong or they oppose through these references. I continue by showing that the networks of references of each publication are embedded in a universe of references (all citations that references of the article have generated in the SCI-Thomson Reuters, before and after its publication that they partly contribute to create.

Milard, Béatrice

2010-12-01

265

Local Decision Making : Articles from Poland, Czech Republic and Finland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This book consists of five articles on local decision making in Poland, Czech Republic and Finland. The articles are based on research papers presented in the International Programme Course (IP-course) called “Local Decision Making” arranged in the Netherlands, at the INHOLLAND University of Applied Sciences in Rotterdam in April 2012. The IP-course was financed by the European Social Found, Life Long Learning Programme. The authors of this book are from North Karelia University of Applie...

Westman, Anna Liisa; Hiltunen, Taina

2012-01-01

266

Facial Expression Recognition Deficits and Faulty Learning: Implications for Theoretical Models and Clinical Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion is integral in social interaction. Although the importance of facial expression recognition is reflected in increased research interest as well as in popular culture, clinicians may know little about this topic. The purpose of this article is to discuss facial expression recognition literature…

Sheaffer, Beverly L.; Golden, Jeannie A.; Averett, Paige

2009-01-01

267

Comments on the research article by Gross et al. (2012)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The purpose of this Letter to the Editor is to present a discussion on the physics of rotational augmentation based on existing work. One of the latest works by Gross et al. (2012) is highlighted here, and its conclusions are discussed. Based on the existing understanding of rotational augmentation, some inconsistencies seem to be present in the analysis of Gross et al. These are identified and discussed here, along with a brief survey of relevant literature. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Guntur, Srinivas; Sørensen, Niels N.

2013-01-01

268

Method for fabricating boron carbide articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Described is a method for fabricating an essentially uniformly dense boron carbide article of a length-to-diameter or width ratio greater than 2 to 1 comprising the steps of providing a plurality of article segments to be joined together to form the article with each of said article segments having a length-to-diameter or width ratio less than 1.5 to 1. Each segment is fabricated by hot pressing a composition consisting of boron carbide powder at a pressure and temperature effective to provide the article segment with a density greater than about 85% of theoretical density, providing each article segment with parallel planar end surfaces, placing a plurality of said article segments in a hot-pressing die in a line with the planar surfaces of adjacent article segments being disposed in intimate contact, and hot pressing the aligned article segments at a temperature and pressure effective to provide said article with a density over the length thereof in the range of about 94 to 98 percent theoretical density and greater than the density provided in the discrete hot pressing of each of the article segments and to provide a bond between adjacent article segments with said bond being at least equivalent in hardness, strength and density to a remainder of said article

1980-01-01

269

Control of chemicals in articles – Preliminary report  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There are a wide variety of different chemicals used in common articles. Many hazardous substances are being spread to the environment besides from the use of articles, also from their production and disposal. Management of chemicals in articles is included in EU legislation concerning product safety, waste management, product design and chemicals. There are also other instruments for the management of chemicals in articles, e.g. environmental labelling, international co-operation, industry i...

2010-01-01

270

Open access and article processing charges  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Substance Abuse, Treatment, Prevention, and Policy uses a medium that provides the broadest possible worldwide readership. Anyone in the world can read articles without charge. Since the articles published here will hopefully help inform policy this is exactly the right target – free and unlimited access. Beginning July 2006, article-processing charges will be applied to papers published in this journal.

Arndt Stephan

2006-01-01

271

The research committee of Chuetsu-oki earthquake influences to Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station. How to press-release and take care of expression in articles at press side  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As for the influences of Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake on Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station, we can conclude that 'the safety function of the nuclear power station, that is, 'Shutdown', 'Cooling down' and 'Isolating' functioned as per designed even against an earthquake beyond assumption, and fundamental nuclear safety could assured'. Nevertheless, it is said that one of the causes that harmful rumor had spread was due to mass communication media. In the press reports on some nuclear power station when affected by an earthquake and on trouble in the nuclear power station in the future, we will propose that the publication should be really useful for habitants and citizens and be promoted in the positive and expected direction, in order not to make the same mistake as this time. JSME should aim at implement the above-mentioned proposal under cooperation with other academic societies and organizations. (author)

2009-03-01

272

Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / research and development of a reverse engineering system for local industrial articles (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / chiiki kogeihin muke reverse engineering system no kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper described the fiscal 1997 result of the research on the application of local industrial article use reverse engineering (RE, it had been regarded as imitation and reproduction technology, but has recently been as a part of the production information integration). With the actual local industrial article as standard, which has features in design and was added with local traditionality, such as glass having 3D free-form surface, 3D shape information modeling technology RE is developed, and a system for direct automatic metal mold processing is established, aiming at shortening of delivery date, cost reduction and higher grade. The target of the research is Okinawa prefecture. In fiscal 1997, study was made of the speeding-up of the non-contact 3D shape information inputting (multi-point simultaneous inputting by CCD of the laser reflected light of the actual model) and the data storage technology. Cast iron was selected as molding materials, judging from reactivity/machinability with heat resistant glass. Also studied was the blend of glass materials suitable for press forming. Further, studies were proceeded with of development of intellectual cutting tools into which sensor function is integrated and of virtual reality for facilitating/accelerating the design up to metal mold manufacturing. 39 refs., 88 figs., 21 tabs.

NONE

1998-03-01

273

The 100 top-cited articles published in psychiatric journals.  

Science.gov (United States)

An examination of top-cited articles is a tool that can be used to identify and monitor outstanding scientific research. The goal of this study was to identify and analyze the characteristics of the 100 top-cited articles published in international journals dedicated to psychiatry. The Science Citation Index Expanded provided by the Thomson Reuters Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge was searched in December, 2011, and 128 journals were identified in the subject category "Psychiatry." Each journal was searched on the Web of Science under "Publication Name" and the results were sorted by category "Times Cited." The 100 top-cited articles were recorded, and the list was analyzed with regard to journals, number of citations, authors, year, institution, and country of origin. The original research articles of the 100 top-cited articles were classified into one of five categories: scale/measurement, descriptive/epidemiology, mechanism, management, and imaging. The 100 top-cited articles were cited between 26,578 and 781 times; they were published between 1957 and 2005, with the largest number (35) published in the 1990s. The articles appeared in 24 journals, with more than half published in the Archives of General Psychiatry (56), followed by the American Journal of Psychiatry (6), and Psychological Medicine (6). Articles that dealt with the development, application, or validity of measurements led the list of top-cited psychiatric publications (43) and had a significantly higher number of citations compared with the rest of the articles. The time and language of publication, field of study, country of origin, and journal in which the paper appeared are possible determinants of the likelihood of citation and impact. PMID:23852109

Mazhari, Shahrzad

2013-07-01

274

APPROACHES AND ACTIVITIES FOR ENGLISH ARTICLE USE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article system of English can be difficult for students to understand and even forteachers to articulate. Some theorists believe that article pedagogy should focus on form. Others, most notably Pica (1983, believe that article pedagogy should focus on a communicative approach. Both approaches have valid claims. Although, there is no single or particular schema or method for teaching articles, a variety of options for conceptualizing article pedagogy and usage found in the literature will be presented. The effectiveness of teaching activities and exercises rely upon the proficiency levels, cultures, and ages of the students being taught. Learners can also be encouraged to foster their own learning of the article system by keeping a tally of their article errors, thus becoming ethnographers of their own learning process.

JABER MASLAMANI

2008-11-01

275

Nutritional Factors and Osteoarthritis: A Review Article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Osteoarthritis (OA is the most common disease according to TNS Arogya survey 2007. Although OA was previously thought to be a progressive degenerative disorder, it is now known that spontaneous arrest or reversal of disease can occur. Conventional medications are often effective for symptomatic relief but they can also cause significant side effects and do not slow the progression of disease. Though the role of nutritional factors in OA has been suggested as early as 700 BC, it was first established in the 1960s. Several nutritional factors are helpful in relieving the symptoms of OA and they might positively affect the progression of the disease without any side effects. Preliminary evidences suggest several of these may have a role in influencing the course of OA. Studies have proven the role of these factors and experiment based results have established their therapeutic role. Research is ongoing on the beneficial properties of plant derived extracts for OA and nutraceuticals industries are accordingly making firm contribution to this sector. This article focuses the role of nutrients to slow down the progression of OA and their future aspects.

Prof. R N Srivastava

2009-01-01

276

100 most cited articles in fracture surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Citation density is an important method by which to assess an article's impact on a field. We sought to identify the 100 most cited articles in fracture surgery, and highlight their characteristics. We used the ISI web of science's cited reference search to identify the most cited articles in orthopedic surgery. We then used multiple reviewers to identify the articles that pertained specifically to fracture surgery. Differences were resolved by discussion. We then characterized the level of evidence, decade of publication, type of design, and citation density for each article. All of the top 100 articles were published in English, the majority (69%) originated from the United States. Sixty-six percent of articles were clinical articles; the remainder were basic science. The most represented topic in the top 100 was hip fractures (12/100 articles). Over half of the clinical articles were level IV. Level of evidence was negatively correlated with date of publication. Citation number-based identification of important papers will help current practitioners gain insight into past and current trends in their respective fields and provides the foundation for further investigations. PMID:24471143

Baldwin, Keith; Namdari, Surena; Donegan, Derek; Kovatch, Kevin; Ahn, Jaimo; Mehta, Samir

2013-12-01

277

Method of producing silicon carbide articles  

Science.gov (United States)

A method of producing articles comprising reaction-bonded silicon carbide (SiC) and graphite (and/or carbon) is given. The process converts the graphite (and/or carbon) in situ to SiC, thus providing the capability of economically obtaining articles made up wholly or partially of SiC having any size and shape in which graphite (and/or carbon) can be found or made. When the produced articles are made of an inner graphite (and/or carbon) substrate to which SiC is reaction bonded, these articles distinguish SiC-coated graphite articles found in the prior art by the feature of a strong bond having a gradual (as opposed to a sharply defined) interface which extends over a distance of mils. A method for forming SiC whisker-reinforced ceramic matrices is also given. The whisker-reinforced articles comprise SiC whiskers which substantially retain their structural integrity.

Milewski, John V. (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01

278

The Janus Head Article - On Quality in the Documentation Process  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The god Janus in Greek mythology was a two-faced god; each face had its own view of the world. Our idea behind the Janus Head article is to give you two different and maybe even contradicting views on a certain topic. In this issue the topic is quality in the documentation process. In the first half of this issue’s Janus Head Article translators from the international company Grundfos give us their view of quality and how quality is managed in the documentation process at Grundfos. In the second half of the Janus Head Article scholars from the University of Southern Denmark describe and discuss quality in the documentation process at Grundfos from a researcher’s point of view.

Henrik Andersen

2012-08-01

279

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FINDINGS PUBLISHED IN SCHOLARLY ARTICLES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Articles published in scholarly journals, such as this one, tend to be mainly addressed to researchers at universities. Industrial follow-up and implementation of results from a scholarly article appears to be the exception, rather than the rule. Research grant specifications, as well as university policies, favor the generation of new knowledge, rather than the implementation of good ideas. But without patent protection, corporations have low motivation to expend the considerable effort to reduce ideas to practice after they have been openly published. The author speculates that the situation could be much more dynamic if there were a system of priority of implementation. According to such a system, the first company to successfully implement an idea that first appears in a peer-reviewed journal article, as validated by its debut in the marketplace, would have a grace period during which competitors would have to pay them a fee to sell a generic version of the same thing.

Martin A. Hubbe

2010-07-01

280

Integrating GPCR-specific information with full text articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background With the continued growth in the volume both of experimental G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR data and of the related peer-reviewed literature, the ability of GPCR researchers to keep up-to-date is becoming increasingly curtailed. Results We present work that integrates the biological data and annotations in the GPCR information system (GPCRDB with next-generation methods for intelligently exploring, visualising and interacting with the scientific articles used to disseminate them. This solution automatically retrieves relevant information from GPCRDB and displays it both within and as an adjunct to an article. Conclusions This approach allows researchers to extract more knowledge more swiftly from literature. Importantly, it allows reinterpretation of data in articles published before GPCR structure data became widely available, thereby rescuing these valuable data from long-dormant sources.

Attwood Teresa K

2011-09-01

 
 
 
 
281

Open access and article processing charges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Substance Abuse, Treatment, Prevention, and Policy uses a medium that provides the broadest possible worldwide readership. Anyone in the world can read articles without charge. Since the articles published here will hopefully help inform policy this is exactly the right target – free and unlimited access. Beginning July 2006, article-processing charges will be applied to papers published in this journal.

Arndt Stephan

2006-07-01

282

The Bibliometric Properties of Article Readership Information  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS), along with astronomy's journals and data centers (a collaboration dubbed URANIA), has developed a distributed on-line digital library which has become the dominant means by which astronomers search, access and read their technical literature. Digital libraries such as the NASA Astrophysics Data System \\citep{2005JASIS.tmp....2K} permit the easy accumulation of a new type of bibliometric measure, the number of electronic accesses (``reads'') of individual articles. We explore various aspects of this new measure. We examine the obsolescence function as measured by actual reads, and show that it can be well fit by the sum of four exponentials with very different time constants. We compare the obsolescence function as measured by readership with the obsolescence function as measured by citations. We find that the citation function is proportional to the sum of two of the components of the readership function. This proves that the normative theory of citation is true in the mean. We further examine in detail the similarities and differences between the citation rate, the readership rate and the total citations for individual articles, and discuss some of the causes. Using the number of reads as a bibliometric measure for individuals, we introduce the read-cite diagram to provide a two-dimensional view of an individual's scientific productivity. We develop a simple model to account for an individual's reads and cites and use it to show that the position of a person in the read-cite diagram is a function of age, innate productivity, and work history. We show the age biases of both reads and cites, and develop two new bibliometric measures which have substantially less age bias than citations: SumProd, a weighted sum of total citations and the readership rate, intended to show the total productivity of an individual; and Read10, the readership rate for papers published in the last ten years, intended to show an individual's current productivity. We also discuss the effect of normalization (dividing by the number of authors on a paper) on these statistics. We apply SumProd and Read10 using new, non-parametric techniques to rank and compare different astronomical research organizations

Kurtz, Michael J.; Eichhorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Demleitner, Markus; Murray, Stephen S.; Martimbeau, Nathalie; Elwell, Barbara

283

Research evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ten papers on the experiences in the Nordic countries on research assessment are given. Research assessment is defined as a systematical evaluation of research quality, relevance, productivity and effects. The report also includes a review article on research assessment and a paper dealing with evaluation of basic research in the case of CERN. (BP)

1985-01-01

284

Quantitative Articles: Developing Studies for Publication in Counseling Journals  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is presented as a guide for developing quantitative studies and preparing quantitative manuscripts for publication in counseling journals. It is intended as an aid for aspiring authors in conceptualizing studies and formulating valid research designs. Material is presented on choosing variables and measures and on selecting…

Trusty, Jerry

2011-01-01

285

research -  

...] By sgiorgi | Posted in behaviour change, Communities, food waste, Light hearted, Out and about, Uncategorized | Also tagged catch, environment, fish | Comments (1) Gamification June 22, 2012 - 12:48 pm ‘Gamification’ research has done an excellent job of highlighting the potential to make surveys more appealing. ... It doesn’t feel, however, that all of the gamification techniques have yet been refined sufficiently to also result in the collection unbiased and actionable data. By Geoff King | Posted in Uncategorized | Also tagged gamification, surveys | Comments (0) ...

286

Improbable Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This website provides "research that makes people laugh and then think." Links are provided to selected articles from the Journal of Improbable Research and to each year's Ig Nobel Prizes. Features include the Luxuriant Flowing Hair Club for Scientists.

2006-10-27

287

Editorial: Our Favorite Articles from 2013  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To kick off 2014, we’re looking back at 2013. In the Library with the Lead Pipe’s editors have chosen a few non-Lead Pipe articles, essays, speeches, or posts that we love from last year. Some of us chose pieces that were published in LIS journals or written by librarians, while others have chosen articles that […

Editorial Board

2014-01-01

288

Teaching Critical Appraisal of Articles on Psychopharmacology  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Psychiatrists and other physicians sometimes read publications superficially, relying excessively on abstracts. The authors addressed this problem by teaching critical appraisal of individual articles. Method: The authors developed a 23-item appraisal instrument to assess articles in the area of psychopharmacology. The results were…

Mohr, Pavel; Hoschl, Cyril; Volavka, Jan

2012-01-01

289

Automatic Facial Expression Analysis A Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Automatic Facial Expression Recognition has been one of the latest research topic since1990’s.There have been recent advances in detecting face, facial expression recognition andclassification. There are multiple methods devised for facial feature extraction which helps in identifyingface and facial expressions. This paper surveys some of the published work since 2003 till date. Variousmethods are analysed to identify the Facial expression. The Paper also discusses about the facialparameterization using Facial Action Coding System(FACS action units and the methods whichrecognizes the action units parameters using facial expression data that are extracted. Various kinds offacial expressions are present in human face which can be identified based on their geometric features,appearance features and hybrid features . The two basic concepts of extracting features are based onfacial deformation and facial motion. This article also identifies the techniques based on thecharacteristics of expressions and classifies the suitable methods that can be implemented.

C.P. Sumathi

2013-01-01

290

Title, abstract, key words and references in biomedical articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scientists frequently communicate the results of their work in research reports. When writing scientific articles, authors must follow instructions and requirements of standard article format. A scientific paper should have in proper order, a Title, Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods Results, Discussion, Conclusion and Literature. A title should be the fewest possible words that accurately describe the content of the paper. It should attract researchers' attention in order to be included in their investigation. An abstract is a short summary of the article. It concisely summarizes results and conclusion so that essential details of the paper can be understood in 100 - 250 words. The most commonly used are structured abstracts. Key words are provided below the abstract and describe the medical concepts characteristic for the whole article. Assign at least one and an average of 5 to 10 key words. Indexing in biomedicine means using the Thesaurus of the American National Library of Medicine: Medical Subject Headings. It provides easy and fast access to precise information using key words assigned to each document. Reference citation is obligatory and integral part of scientific articles. It provides communication among the authors and binds scientific papers as well as whole scientific knowledge in certain fields.

Brki? Silvija

2003-01-01

291

Gene Expression in Mammalian Cells and its Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The production of proteins in appropriate quantity and quality is an essential requirement of the present time. There appears to be a progressive increase in the application of mammalian cells for proteins production. Expression systems utilizing mammalian cells for recombinant proteins are able to introduce proper protein folding, post-translational modifications, and product assembly, which are important for complete biological activity. This review article is totally based on literature survey. In this article much emphasis has been done on the mammalian expression system. The author focused on different mammalian cell lines that express the gene. The different vector systems that transfer the gene into mammalian cells like plasmid based expression vectors, adenovirus vectors, vaccinia vectors, retroviral vector and baculovirus as vectors were explored. The processes for the transfer of gene into mammalian cells were also reviewed. Application and limitations of mammalian expression system were also focused. The purpose of research in writing this article is to create awareness in researchers, starting their career in gene expression related to mammalian cells. The principal result and major conclusion of this article is to make available the molecular technologies, expression system and applications of gene expression in mammalian cell lines.

Kishwar Hayat Khan

2013-08-01

292

Demand for scientific articles and citations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Les échanges entre chercheurs, la publication de revues scientifiques et la demande d'articles scientifiques suivent des cheminements qui se croisent, mais qui ne répondent pas toujours aux mêmes logiques. La demande d'articles aux fournisseurs de documents peut donner des éléments pour interpréter les mouvements en cours dans l'édition électronique L'observation de la demande d'articles faite à l'Institut de l'information scientifique et technique (l'Inist) montre que, en France, ce...

Salau?n, Jean-michel; Lafouge, Thierry; Boukacem, Che?rifa

2000-01-01

293

Method for manufacture of neutron absorbing articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A one-step curing method for the manufacture of a neutron absorbing article which comprises irreversibly curing, in desired article form, a form-retaining mixture of boron carbide particles, curable phenolic resin in solid state and in particula te form and a minor proportion of a liquid medium, which boils at a temperature below 200*c., at an elevated temperature so as to obtain bonding of the irreversibly cured phenolic polymer resulting to the boron carbide particles and production of the neutron absorbing article in desired form

1980-01-01

294

Education Sciences | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

...Entropy Environments Fibers Foods Forests Future Internet Galaxies Games Genes Geosciences Healthcare Humanities Informatics Information Inorganics Insects IJERPH IJFS IJMS IJGI JCDD JCM JDB ... 36-51 Open Access Article: Technologies, Democracy and Digital Citizenship: Examining Australian Policy Intersections and the Implications for School Leadership by Kathryn Moyle Educ.... Through the lens of the use of technologies to build digital citizenship and to achieve democratic processes and outcomes in schools, these ... (This article belongs to the Special Issue eLearning: Exploring Digital Futures in the 21st Century) p. 52-63 Open Access Article: ...

295

Controlled Expression of Recombinant Proteins in Physcomitrella patens by a Conditional Heat-shock Promoter: a Tool for Plant Research and Biotechnology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The ability to express tightly controlled amounts of endogenous and recombinant proteins in plant cells is an essential tool for research and biotechnology. Here, the inducibility of the soybean heat-shock Gmhsp17.3B promoter was addressed in the moss Physcomitrella patens, using ?-glucuronidase (GUS) and an F-actin marker (GFP-talin) as reporter proteins. In stably transformed moss lines, Gmhsp17.3B-driven GUS expression was extremely low at 25 °C. In contrast, a short...

Saidi, Younousse; Finka, Andrija; Chakhporanian, Mickhail; Zry?d, Jean-pierre; Schaefer, Didier G.; Goloubinoff, Pierre

2009-01-01

296

The Definite Article in Bulgarian and Macedonian  

Science.gov (United States)

The enclitic status of the article in Contemporary Standard Bulgarian and Contemporary Standard Macedonian is investigated by comparing its junctural and accentual properties with those of undisputed enclitics in each language. (Author/RM)

Elson, Mark J.

1976-01-01

297

ARTICLES FOR THE BULLETIN: USERS' GUIDE  

CERN Multimedia

If you wish to publish information in the Weekly Bulletin or if you have an idea for an article, please follow this procedure:     An idea for an article in the front pages? You can send your suggestion by electronic mail to the following address Corinne.Menard@cern.ch Or by telephone : 79971 A seminar announcement or general information? Official news, general information, and seminar announcements must be sent before Tuesday 12.00 to : Weekly.Bulletin@cern.ch Tel. 73830 Building 510/1-002 ETT Division News from clubs? Articles about CERN clubs in the Staff Association part of the Bulletin must be sent before Tuesday 12.00 to: Staff.Bulletin@cern.ch Tel. 74224 Buildin 64/R-002 PE Division Texts (Word format) and pictures (pict, tiff, jpeg et eps) must be in a separate file. Photos furnished by the Clubs to illustrate their articles are welcome.

2001-01-01

298

Criticisms of Educational Research: Key Topics and Levels of Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The article is an exploration of the meanings and worthiness of criticism as a significant phenomenon in the evolution of educational research during the 1990s. While drawing on an overview of the vast amount of documents expressing criticisms of educational research in the UK, western and eastern continental Europe and the USA, it summarises the…

Oancea, Alis

2005-01-01

299

Controlled expression of recombinant proteins in Physcomitrella patens by a conditional heat-shock promoter: a tool for plant research and biotechnology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to express tightly controlled amounts of endogenous and recombinant proteins in plant cells is an essential tool for research and biotechnology. Here, the inducibility of the soybean heat-shock Gmhsp17.3B promoter was addressed in the moss Physcomitrella patens, using beta-glucuronidase (GUS) and an F-actin marker (GFP-talin) as reporter proteins. In stably transformed moss lines, Gmhsp17.3B-driven GUS expression was extremely low at 25 degrees C. In contrast, a short non-damaging heat-treatment at 38 degrees C rapidly induced reporter expression over three orders of magnitude, enabling GUS accumulation and the labelling of F-actin cytoskeleton in all cell types and tissues. Induction levels were tightly proportional to the temperature and duration of the heat treatment, allowing fine-tuning of protein expression. Repeated heating/cooling cycles led to the massive GUS accumulation, up to 2.3% of the total soluble proteins. The anti-inflammatory drug acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) and the membrane-fluidiser benzyl alcohol (BA) also induced GUS expression at 25 degrees C, allowing the production of recombinant proteins without heat-treatment. The Gmhsp17.3B promoter thus provides a reliable versatile conditional promoter for the controlled expression of recombinant proteins in the moss P. patens. PMID:16270224

Saidi, Younousse; Finka, Andrija; Chakhporanian, Mickhail; Zrÿd, Jean-Pierre; Schaefer, Didier G; Goloubinoff, Pierre

2005-11-01

300

Learning to Rank Figures within a Biomedical Article  

Science.gov (United States)

Hundreds of millions of figures are available in biomedical literature, representing important biomedical experimental evidence. This ever-increasing sheer volume has made it difficult for scientists to effectively and accurately access figures of their interest, the process of which is crucial for validating research facts and for formulating or testing novel research hypotheses. Current figure search applications can't fully meet this challenge as the “bag of figures” assumption doesn't take into account the relationship among figures. In our previous study, hundreds of biomedical researchers have annotated articles in which they serve as corresponding authors. They ranked each figure in their paper based on a figure's importance at their discretion, referred to as “figure ranking”. Using this collection of annotated data, we investigated computational approaches to automatically rank figures. We exploited and extended the state-of-the-art listwise learning-to-rank algorithms and developed a new supervised-learning model BioFigRank. The cross-validation results show that BioFigRank yielded the best performance compared with other state-of-the-art computational models, and the greedy feature selection can further boost the ranking performance significantly. Furthermore, we carry out the evaluation by comparing BioFigRank with three-level competitive domain-specific human experts: (1) First Author, (2) Non-Author-In-Domain-Expert who is not the author nor co-author of an article but who works in the same field of the corresponding author of the article, and (3) Non-Author-Out-Domain-Expert who is not the author nor co-author of an article and who may or may not work in the same field of the corresponding author of an article. Our results show that BioFigRank outperforms Non-Author-Out-Domain-Expert and performs as well as Non-Author-In-Domain-Expert. Although BioFigRank underperforms First Author, since most biomedical researchers are either in- or out-domain-experts for an article, we conclude that BioFigRank represents an artificial intelligence system that offers expert-level intelligence to help biomedical researchers to navigate increasingly proliferated big data efficiently.

Liu, Feifan; Yu, Hong

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

A comparative study of gratitude expressions in Norwegian and English from an interlanguage pragmatic and second language acquisition research perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aims and goals of this study have been to find out how native speakers of Norwegian and learners of English as a foreign language express gratitude in certain situations. Based on the impression that Norwegians may appear impolite to people from other cultures, I hypothesised that this might be related to how Norwegians express gratitude in English, i.e. that they do not adjust to the sociopragmatic and pragmalinguistic norms of English, but simply transfer their L1 strategies. To determi...

Johansen, Stine Hulleberg

2008-01-01

302

Online accessibility of academic articles and the diversity of economics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A key aspect of generating new ideas is drawing from different elements of past knowledge and combining them into a new idea. In such a process, the diversity of ideas plays a central role. This paper examines the empirical question of how the internet affected the diversity of new research by making the existing literature accessible online. The internet marks a technological shock which affects how academic scientist search for and browse through published documents. Using article-level dat...

Boppart, Timo; Staub, Kevin E.

2012-01-01

303

Online accessibility of academic articles and the diversity of economics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A key aspect of generating new ideas is drawing from different elements of preexisting knowledge and combining them into a new idea. In such a process, the diversity of ideas plays a central role. This paper examines the empirical question of how the internet affected the diversity of new research by making the existing literature accessible online. The internet marks a technological shock which affects how academic scientists search for and browse through published documents. Using article-l...

Boppart, Timo; Staub, Kevin E.

2012-01-01

304

Veterinary Sciences | March 2014 - Browse Articles  

... JLPEA JMSE JPM JRFM JSAN Land Laws Life Lubricants Machines Marine Drugs Materials Mathematics Medical Sciences Membranes Metabolites Metals Microarrays Micromachines Microorganisms Minerals Molbank Molecules Nanomaterials Nutrients Pathogens Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceutics Pharmacy Plants Polymers Processes Proteomes Publications Religions Remote Sensing Resources Risks Robotics Sensors Social Sciences Societies Sports Sustainability Symmetry Systems Technologies Toxics Toxins Vaccines Veterinary Sciences Viruses Water Volume Author Section Issue Article Type all Addendum Article Book Review ... More recent studies of obesity in cats have found similarities and interesting differences in the manifestation of the adverse effects of overnutrition between cats and humans [4]. The complete sequencing of the human and mouse genomes, and deep sequencing of pig, cattle, dog and cat have opened up the opportunity to systematically compare genetic similarities and differences [5,6]. (This article ...

305

Laser production of articles from powders  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Method and apparatus for forming articles from materials in particulate form in which the materials are melted by a laser beam and deposited at points along a tool path to form an article of the desired shape and dimensions. Preferably the tool path and other parameters of the deposition process are established using computer-aided design and manufacturing techniques. A controller comprised of a digital computer directs movement of a deposition zone along the tool path and provides control signals to adjust apparatus functions, such as the speed at which a deposition head which delivers the laser beam and powder to the deposition zone moves along the tool path. 20 figs.

Lewis, G.K.; Milewski, J.O.; Cremers, D.A.; Nemec, R.B.; Barbe, M.R.

1998-11-17

306

Administrative Sciences | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 290-305 Open Access Article: A Bourdieusian Perspective on Acculturation: Mexican Immigrants in the United States by Leonel Prieto, Tagi Sagafi- nejad and Balaji Janamanchi Adm. Sci. 2013, 3(4), 290-305; doi:10.3390/admsci3040290 Received: 2 November 2013; in revised form: 2 December 2013 / Accepted: 2 December 2013 / Published: 13 December 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (283 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: This article uses Bourdieu’s theory of practice (BTOP) ...

307

Low density, microcellular foams, preparation, and articles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A microcellular low density foam of poly(4-methyl-1-pentene) which is particularly useful for forming targets for inertial confinement fusion has been developed. Articles made from the foam have been machined to tolerances of 0.0001 inch, although the densities of the fragile foam are low (about 10 to about 100 mg/cc) and the cell sizes are small (about 10 to about 30 .mu.m). Methods for forming the foam and articles are given; and the yield strength of the foam of the invention is higher than was obtained in other structures of this same material.

Young, Ainslie T. (Los Alamos, NM); Marsters, Robert G. (Jemez Springs, NM); Moreno, Dawn K. (Espanola, NM)

1984-01-01

308

Interpreting Definiteness in a Second Language without Articles: The Case of L2 Russian  

Science.gov (United States)

This article investigates the second language (L2) acquisition of two expressions of the semantic feature [definite] in Russian, a language without articles, by English and Korean native speakers. Within the Feature Reassembly approach (Lardiere, 2009), Slabakova (2009) has argued that reassembling features that are represented overtly in the…

Cho, Jacee; Slabakova, Roumyana

2014-01-01

309

Ceramic compositions and articles prepared therefrom  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An article of manufacture comprising a high density polycrystalline body substantially transparent to visible light, said body consisting essentially of a compound having a pervoskite structure and formula: AbO_3 wherein A is selected from the group consisting of lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium and mixture thereof and B is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, scandium, lutetcium and mixture thereof

1980-01-01

310

Informational Dynamics of Journal Article Titles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Analyzes changing information values of journal article titles (measured by counting total number of words, number of keywords, and computing proportion of substantive words). Use of linear regression to determine change patterns for sample of titles from four selected journals, six library journals, and six miscellaneous journals (1951-1980) is…

Diener, Richard A. V.

1984-01-01

311

Writing a Wikipedia Genetic Disease Article  

Science.gov (United States)

Writing a Wikipedia article about a genetic disease is a good culminating activity for a genetics course or module, as it requires synthesizing and interpreting a wide range of genetic information. This assignment also includes a potential service component, which is normally very difficult in genetics.

Bell, Jeff

312

Method for Preparing Boron-Carbide Articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present invention is directed to the preparation of boron carbide articles of various configurations. A stoichiometric mixture of particulate boron and carbon is confined in a suitable mold, heated to a temperature in the range of about 1,250 to 1,500...

S. T. Benton D. R. Masters

1975-01-01

313

The importance of proper citation of references in biomedical articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

In scientific circles, the reference is the information that is necessary to the reader in identifying and finding used sources. The basic rule when listing the sources used is that references must be accurate, complete and should be consistently applied. On the other hand, quoting implies verbatim written or verbal repetition of parts of the text or words written by others that can be checked in original. Authors of every new scientific article need to explain how their study or research fits with previous one in the same or similar fields. A typical article in the health sciences refers to approximately 20-30 other articles published in peer reviewed journals, cite once or hundreds times. Citations typically appear in two formats: a) as in-text citations where the sources of information are briefly identified in the text; or b) in the reference list at the end of the publication (book chapter, manuscript, article, etc.) that provides full bibliographic information for each source. Group of publishers met in Vancouver in 1978 and decided to prescribe uniform technical propositions for publication. Adopted in the 1979 by the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, then the International Committee of Medical Journals Editors (ICMJE), whose review in 1982 entered the official application by 300 international biomedical journals. Authors writing articles for publication in biomedical publications used predominantly citation styles: Vancouver style, Harward style, PubMed style, ICMJE, APA, etc. The paper gives examples of all of these styles of citation to the authors in order to facilitate their applications. Also in this paper is given the review about the problem of plagiarism which becomes more common in the writing of scientific and technical articles in biomedicine. PMID:24167381

Masic, Izet

2013-01-01

314

[Research on secretion expression in Pichia pastoris and function of the HC-pro gene of watermelon mosaic virus].  

Science.gov (United States)

HC-pro gene of Watermelon Mosaic virus was obtained by RT-PCR was 1371bp in length. It was cloned into pPI(9K, then the eucaryotic recombinant expression plasmid pPIC9K-WHC was constructed. After being linearized with restriction endonuclease Sal I , the recombinant plasmid was transformed into Pichia pastoris GS115 by electroporation. The high copy transformants with Mut+ /His+ phenotype were selected by RT-PCR and screening on G418, MD and MM medium. Induced by methanol for 5 days, the culture supernatant was analyzed by SDS-PAGE, the results showed that a specific protein with a molecular weight of about 66 kD was expressed. Western blot analysis proved that the expression protein could specifically bind to HC-Pro polyclonal antibody. Far western blot analysis proved that the expression protein could bind to coat protein, given support to "bridge" hypothesis that HC-Pro help aphid transmission of non-persistent viruses. PMID:18257244

Zhang, Jian-Xin; Wu, Yun-Feng; Wang, Xiu-Min

2007-11-01

315

Padronização da terminologia dos centros médicos universitários e de pesquisa biomédica, no idioma inglês, para envio de artigo de revista / Standardization of the terminology of the academic medical centers and biomedical research centers, in the English language, for journal article sending  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Propor uma padronização, no idioma inglês, na formatação da citação da sede da pesquisa. MÉTODOS: A partir das três publicações mais recentes dos 20 primeiros periódicos disponíveis no Portal Brasileiro de Informação Científica - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior [...] (CAPES), com maior fator de impacto durante a ano de 2004, segundo levantamento na base de dados ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports no biênio 2004-2005, extraíram-se os formatos das citações das sedes de pesquisa. Realizou-se uma analogia ao escalonamento hierárquico institucional da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), e os formatos mais freqüentes, no idioma inglês, foram adotados como padrão a ser sugerido para citar as sedes de pesquisa ao envio dos artigos. RESULTADOS: Em relação à citação "Departamento", padronizou-se "Department of ..." (sendo "..." o nome em inglês do Departamento), à citação "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group", "Setor" "Section of ...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit" "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." e "Grupo" "Group of ...". Abstract in english PURPOSE: To suggest a standardization, in the English language, the formatting of the citation of the research centers. METHODS: From three more recent publications of the first 20 journals available in Brazilian Portal of Scientific Information - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível S [...] uperior (CAPES), with bigger factor of impact during the year of 2004, according of information in ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports database in biennium 2004-2005, had extracted the formats of citations of the research centers. An analogy to the institutional hierarchie step of the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP) was carried out, and the formats most frequent, in the English language, had been adopted as standard to be suggested to cite the research centers for sending articles. RESULTS: In relation to the citation "Departamento", was standardized "Department of ..." (being "..." the name in English of the Department), to the citation "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group ", "Setor" "Section of...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit ", "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." and "Grupo" "Group of ...".

Hochman, Bernardo; Locali, Rafael Fagionato; Oliveira Filho, Renato Santos de; Oliveira, Ricardo Leão de; Goldenberg, Saul; Ferreira, Lydia Masako.

316

Uso de movidas retóricas y patrones léxico-gramaticales en artículos de investigación en español: Implicancias para la enseñanza de la escritura científica / THE USE OF RHETORICAL MOVES AND LEXICO-GRAMMATICAL PATTERNS IN RESEARCH ARTICLES WRITTEN IN CHILEAN SPANISH: ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE TEACHING OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A partir de una revisión crítica de distintos enfoques que se centran en la descripción de las estructuras retóricas y de sus rasgos lingüísticos en artículos de investigación, en el presente trabajo proponemos un nuevo método para describir este fenómeno en artículos de investigación en español. Pa [...] ra ello, se etiquetó, con movidas retóricas, un corpus de 162 artículos que es representativo de la producción científica chilena entre los años 2000 y 2008. A los 11.000 o más registros derivados del análisis, se aplicó técnicas estadísticas que permiten dar cuenta de cuáles son las movidas retóricas (MR) prototípicas y describir los patrones léxico-gramaticales asociados a ellas en este tipo de textos especializados. Los resultados muestran, en primer lugar, cuáles son las MR prototípicas en este tipo de textos y, en segundo lugar, que a ellas se asocian patrones léxico-gramaticales específicos. Los resultados de esta investigación se constituyen en valiosa evidencia empírica tanto para los interesados en el análisis del discurso científico como para aquellos enfocados en el ámbito de la didáctica y el aprendizaje de la escritura científica. Abstract in english In this paper, we propose a new method for the description of rhetorical structures and their corresponding linguistic features in research articles in Spanish. The method is based on a critical review of different approaches focusing on this phenomenon. To this effect, we labelled a 162-research-ar [...] ticle corpus using rhetorical moves. The corpus is representative of Chilean scientific production between 2000 and 2008. We applied statistical techniques to over the 11,000 records to account for the prototypical rhetorical moves and describe the lexico-grammatical patterns associated to them in this type of specialist texts. The results of the study demonstrate the operation of particular 'prototypical' rhetorical moves in such texts as well as the lexico-grammatical patterns which formalize the former. The research done provides valuable empirical evidence both for those aiming at the analysis of scientific discourse and those focusing on the teaching and learning of scientific writing.

Omar, Sabaj Meruane.

317

MDPI | Article Processing Charges (APC) Information and FAQ  

... Are reprints of my article included in the article processing charges (APCs)? Special note regarding VAT for Authors from Switzerland ... Are Reprints of My Article Included In the Article Processing Charges (APCs)? No. Article processing charges (APCs) ...do not entitle the authors to receive reprints of their published article. Reprints can be ordered separately and optionally for any article that ... To request an offer for reprints of an article, please visit the website of the article you would like to reprint and ...

318

Elluminate Article: Learning Object Repository Network (LORNet  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER, is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these sessions, you must first download FREE software. Visit http://www.elluminate.com/support/ to download this software.

France Henri

2005-07-01

319

The ''Article Act'' - a substitute for the miscarried energy consensus?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A prerequisite for arriving at a long-term energy policy is that all political parties come to an energy consensus. This paper reviews the chronology of the energy consensus negatiations, their failure, and the consequent energy-political rerouting which is to be realised by an act securing hard coal a share in electricity generation and amending the Atomic Energy Act (termed 'Article Act'). The Article Act is an attempt at a binding definition of central issues of the energy consensus talks even in the absence of an all-party agreement. It is particularly noteworthy that the bill makes mention of both coal and nuclear energy, reviving this link-up between the two energy sources already decined lost. The German electricity industry considers the provisions on atomic energy law contained in the Article Act insufficient for securing already existing power plants an untroubled future and for providing the investment climate needed by the manufacturing industry. To the electricity industry the main problems lie in the execution deficits at the Laender level, but these are not affected by the Article Act. It is concluded that an all-party consensus on an answerable nuclear energy utilisation will have to be found by 1995 at the latest in order to give the manufacturing industry the go-alread for continuing research and provide electricity producers with a sound basis for investment decisions. (orig./HSCH)

1994-01-01

320

Siemens SOFC Test Article and Module Design  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Preliminary design studies of the 95 kWe-class SOFC test article continue resulting in a stack architecture of that is 1/3 of 250 kWe-class SOFC advanced module. The 95 kWeclass test article is envisioned to house 20 bundles (eight cells per bundle) of Delta8 cells with an active length of 100 cm. Significant progress was made in the conceptual design of the internal recirculation loop. Flow analyses were initiated in order to optimize the bundle row length for the 250 kWeclass advanced module. A preferred stack configuration based on acceptable flow and thermal distributions was identified. Potential module design and analysis issues associated with pressurized operation were identified.

None

2011-03-31

 
 
 
 
321

Two-dimensional ranking of Wikipedia articles  

Science.gov (United States)

The Library of Babel, described by Jorge Luis Borges, stores an enormous amount of information. The Library exists ab aeterno. Wikipedia, a free online encyclopaedia, becomes a modern analogue of such a Library. Information retrieval and ranking of Wikipedia articles become the challenge of modern society. While PageRank highlights very well known nodes with many ingoing links, CheiRank highlights very communicative nodes with many outgoing links. In this way the ranking becomes two-dimensional. Using CheiRank and PageRank we analyze the properties of two-dimensional ranking of all Wikipedia English articles and show that it gives their reliable classification with rich and nontrivial features. Detailed studies are done for countries, universities, personalities, physicists, chess players, Dow-Jones companies and other categories.

Zhirov, A. O.; Zhirov, O. V.; Shepelyansky, D. L.

2010-10-01

322

Research Impact and Educational Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on a 2010-11 study involving senior researchers from seven disciplines, this article explores critically some of the diverse interpretations of impact in different disciplines, sub-fields and modes of research, and researchers' views about how these interpretations articulate with top-down impact agendas and with university structures…

Oancea, Alis

2013-01-01

323

Students' Views and Attitudes Towards the Communication Code Used in Press Articles About Science  

Science.gov (United States)

The present research was designed to investigate the reaction of secondary school students to the communication code that the press uses in science articles: it attempts to trace which communication techniques can be of potential use in science education. The sample of the research consists of 351 secondary school students. The research instrument is a questionnaire, which attempts to trace students’ preferences regarding newspaper science articles, to explore students’ attitudes towards the science articles published in the press and to investigate students’ reactions towards four newspaper science articles. These articles deal with different aspects of science and reflect different communication strategies. The results of the research reveal that secondary school students view the communication codes used in press science articles as being more interesting and comprehensible than those of their science textbooks. Predominantly, they do not select science articles that present their data in a scientific way (diagrams and abstract graphs). On the contrary, they do select science articles and passages in them, which use an emotional/‘poetic’ language with a lot of metaphors and analogies to introduce complex science concepts. It also seems that the narrative elements found in popularized science articles attract students’ interest and motivate them towards further reading.

Halkia, Krystallia; Mantzouridis, Dimitris

2005-10-01

324

A Summary of the Rendezvous, Proximity Operations, Docking, and Undocking (RPODU) Lessons Learned from the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) Orbital Express (OE) Demonstration System Mission  

Science.gov (United States)

The Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GN&C) Technical Discipline Team (TDT) sponsored Dr. J. Russell Carpenter, a Navigation and Rendezvous Subject Matter Expert (SME) from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), to provide support to the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) Orbital Express (OE) rendezvous and docking flight test that was conducted in 2007. When that DARPA OE mission was completed, Mr. Neil Dennehy, NASA Technical Fellow for GN&C, requested Dr. Carpenter document his findings (lessons learned) and recommendations for future rendezvous missions resulting from his OE support experience. This report captures lessons specifically from anomalies that occurred during one of OE's unmated operations.

Dennehy, Cornelius J.; Carpenter, James R.

2011-01-01

325

Medical Sciences | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

...Medical Sciences | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to Medical Sciences Login Register MDPI Journals A-Z For Authors For Editors For Librarians About Open ... 1 (2013) Table of Contents Med. Sci., Volume 1, Issue 1 (December 2013), Pages 1-48 Issues ... 2013, 1(1), 1; doi:10.3390/medsci1010001 Received: 20 March 2013; Accepted: 3 April 2013 ...Published: 11 April 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (175 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: The scientific ...

326

Telemedicine technologies and effectiveness: A review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Telemedicine is the use of information and communication technologies in order to provide access to medical and health care services whenever a large physical distance exists between patient and the service. Telemedicine is easily accessible for people living in remote regions and people with chronic illnesses who need long time home care. This technology is provided in different services, including telenursing, telepharmacy, telesurgery, telegenetic, telerehabilitation, telehomecare, teletrauma care, telecardiology, telepsychiatry, teleradiology, telepathology, teledermatology, teledentistry, teleaudiology and teleophthalmology. In this article, recent telemedicine technologies which used in developed countries are introduced and the clinical and cost-effectiveness of these services is evaluated.

Elaheh Rashedi

2013-05-01

327

Remote Sensing | February 2014 - Browse Articles  

... 1538-1563 Open Access Article: Early Detection of Crop Injury from Glyphosate on Soybean and Cotton Using Plant Leaf Hyperspectral Data by Feng Zhao, ...KB) Abstract: In this paper, we aim to detect crop injury from glyphosate, a herbicide, by both traditionally used spectral indices and ...newly extracted features with leaf hyperspectral reflectance data for non-Glyphosate-Resistant (non-GR) soybean and non-GR cotton. The new features were extracted ... This approach has been validated with greenhouse measured data acquired in glyphosate treatment experiments. Results indicated that glyphosate injury could be detected ...

328

Kids in the Hall of Biodiversity: Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

This two-part article is part of the museum's Kids in Our Halls program, which was created by high school interns at the Museum. "Why are coral reefs important to all life?" is an overview of these "rain forests of the sea," examining how they are home to millions of aquatic species, why they are at risk, and what can be done to help preserve them. "Ever wonder where chocolate comes from?" takes a look at where chocolate comes from, how cacao beans are prepared using a 300-year-old process invented by the Aztecs, and the reasons why cacao trees are potentially endangered.

329

Discussion Article: Disciplinary Boundaries for Creativity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Creativity is a very topical issue and indeed a political one. For example, the very notion of ‘little c creativity’ seems to be a reflection of the requirements of what could be described as a ‘Post-Fordist’ economy. However, the call to develop creativity in education is largely based on the idea of creativity as the production of novel ideas. The central argument of this article is that creativity cannot be seen purely in terms of novel ideas but that it is intrinsically bound with...

Stuart Rowlands

2011-01-01

330

Dentistry Journal | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Dentistry Journal Dentistry Journal, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Dentistry Journal | December 2013 - Browse Articles Submit to ... Dentistry Journal Login Register MDPI Journals A-Z For Authors For Editors For Librarians About Open Access Policy Title / Keyword Journal all Actuators ...Catalysts Cells Challenges Chemosensors Children Chromatography Climate Coatings Computation Computers Cosmetics Crystals Dentistry Journal Diagnostics Diseases Diversity Econometrics Economies Education Sciences Electronics Energies Entropy ...Project Report Reply Retraction Review Short Note Technical Note Special Issue Page Dentistry Journal Dentistry Journal Home About this journal Indexing & Abstracting ...

331

Moths, Candles and Fires: Examining Dance as Creative Practice Research in a Master's degree  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reflects on the purposes and functions of examination criteria for Masters' research degrees with creative practice components. With a particular focus on dance projects that incorporate both a performed and a written expression of the research, we consider how a rubric for creative practice research degrees might address…

Rowe, Nicholas; Buck, Ralph

2013-01-01

332

An Action-Based Legal Model for Dynamic Digital Rights Expression  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

At the crossroad of law and computer science, the notion of Digital Rights Management renews the research on Lex Electronica. Rights Expression Languages provide the legal semantic and syntax to be implemented by Digital Rights Management Systems. Rights Expressions are legal metadata that define the actions led on a digital text or multimedia file. This article presents some legal resources and requirements to express rights and transactions pertaining to digital documents and data, ie legal...

Dulong Rosnay, Melanie

2006-01-01

333

Construction of pET-32 ? (+) Vector for Protein Expression and Purification  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The construction of expression vector is a basic tool for biotechnology and production of desired proteins, this article summarized the construction of pET-32 ? (+) vector techniques which are generally used in research laboratories. The procedures include that acquisition of the exogenous DNA fragment for construction of the vector, subcloning the DNA fragment into pET-32 ? (+) expression vector, protein expression in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and protein purification under native condit...

2012-01-01

334

Theories of Ultramicrodisc Electrodes : Review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This review describes the theory of mass transport at a ultramicrodisc electrodes under diffusion-limited reaction and electrochemical reaction (EC’. The analytical solutions, approximate expressions and simulations of transient current at a ultramicrodisc electrode under diffusion control are discussed. Tabular compilations of dimensionless current are provided. The steady and non-steady state current for disc electrode for EC’ reactions are also discussed.

C. Ahmed Basha and L. Rajendran

2006-10-01

335

Etudes de brûleurs adaptés au fonctionnement à faible excès d'air. Première partie Research on Burners Adapted to Operate with Low Air Express. Part One  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cet article constitue la synthèse des résultats acquis dans le cadre de la recherche coopérative EDF-IFP concernant l'étude des paramètres aérodynamiques gouvernant le fonctionnement d'un brûleur à 2 veines d'air avec stabilisateur central à aubages. Après avoir rappelé les motivations de l'étude, et présenté les équipements expérimentaux mis en ceuvre à FIFP et l'EDF, on présente les renseignements significatifs obtenus sur un brûleur de petite échelle (500 à 1000 th/h opérant sous d'excès d'air - influence des paramètres aérodynamiques et géométriques sur les conditions de mélange; - optimisation des conditions de réglages et mise en évidence d'un type de stabilisateur d'intérêt pratique, - influence du recyclage de gaz brûlés sur la structure des flammes. This article is a synthesis of the results obtained in the joint EDF-IFP research project on the aerodynamic parameters governing the operating of a two-airstream burner with a central vane swirler. After reviewing the reasons behind the project and describing the experimental equipment used by IFP and EDF, the significant data are given for a small-scale burner (500,000 ta 1,000,000 kcal/h operating with a 2 % air excess. These data include : - the influence of aerodynamic and geometric parameters on the mixture conditions; - optimizing adjustment conditions and finding a practicable swirler type; - the influence of burned-gas recycling on flame structure.

Droin R.

2006-11-01

336

RELATIONSHIP MARKETING RESEARCH TAILORED TO SUPPORT SALES MANAGEMENT. CASE STUDY: AN INTERNATIONAL EXPRESS LOGISTICS COMPANY IN ROMANIA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Within current economy context, complexities and particularities most companies are constantly seeking to maximize effectiveness and efficiency of their business. As sales force represents for most organizations their “spearheds”and direct contact with the market, its management can be a source for customer satisfaction and overall efficiency. Relationship marketing research with all its particularities and dimensions, if tailored appropriately can explicitly pinpoint major sources of customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Focus of contemporary relationship marketing is the customer viewed across lifetime as a profit source and partner rather than on short term for singular transactions. Research findings help the organization better manage its sales force and generate customer satisfaction, retention and loyalty and maximize profits while achieving superior efficiency.

Fotea Ioan Stefan

2010-07-01

337

RELATIONSHIP MARKETING RESEARCH TAILORED TO SUPPORT SALES MANAGEMENT. CASE STUDY: AN INTERNATIONAL EXPRESS LOGISTICS COMPANY IN ROMANIA  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Within current economy context, complexities and particularities most companies are constantly seeking to maximize effectiveness and efficiency of their business. As sales force represents for most organizations their “spearheds”and direct contact with the market, its management can be a source for customer satisfaction and overall efficiency. Relationship marketing research with all its particularities and dimensions, if tailored appropriately can explicitly pinpoint major sources of cus...

Pop Nicolae Alexandru; Mihoc Florin; Fotea Ioan Stefan

2010-01-01

338

Ranking of Wikipedia articles in search engines revisited: Fair ranking for reasonable quality?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims to review the fiercely discussed question of whether the ranking of Wikipedia articles in search engines is justified by the quality of the articles. After an overview of current research on information quality in Wikipedia, a summary of the extended discussion on the quality of encyclopedic entries in general is given. On this basis, a heuristic method for evaluating Wikipedia entries is developed and applied to Wikipedia articles that scored highly in a sea...

Lewandowski, Dirk; Spree, Ulrike

2011-01-01

339

A framework for closed-loop supply chains of reusable articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reuse practices contribute to the environmental and economical sustainability of production and distribution systems. Surprisingly, reuse closed-loop supply chains (CLSC) have not been widely researched for the moment. In this paper, we explore the scientific literature on reuse and we propose a framework for reusable articles. This conceptual structure includes a typology integrating under the reusable articles term different categories of articles (transportation items, packaging materials,...

Carrasco-gallego, R.; Ponce-cueto, E.; Dekker, R.

2009-01-01

340

Writing Software or Writing Scientific Articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An analysis of publications related to high energy physics computing in refereed journals is presented. The distribution of papers associated to various fields of computing relevant to high energy physics is critically analyzed. The relative publication rate of software papers is evaluated in comparison to other closely related physics disciplines, such as nuclear physics, radiation protection and medical physics, and to hardware publications. The results hint to the fact that, in spite of the significant effort invested in high energy physics computing and its fundamental role in the experiments, this research area is underrepresented in scientific literature; nevertheless the analysis of citations highlights the significant impact of software publications in experimental research.

2007-11-03

 
 
 
 
341

Social Sciences | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... 208-220 Open Access Article: Determinants for Bullying Victimization among 11-16-Year-Olds in 15 Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Multi-Level Study by Michael L. ...Accepted: 9 October 2013 / Published: 17 October 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (193 KB) Abstract: Bullying is an issue of public health importance among adolescents worldwide. ...The present study aimed at explaining differences in bullying rates among adolescents in 15 low- and middle-income countries using globally comparable indicators of social ... Using data derived from the Global School-based Health Survey, we performed bivariate analyses to examine differences in bullying rates by country and ...

342

Using Google Scholar to Estimate the Impact of Journal Articles in Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the potential of Google Scholar as an alternative or complement to the Web of Science and Scopus for measuring the impact of journal articles in education. Three handbooks on research in science education, language education, and educational technology were used to identify a sample of 112 accomplished scholars. Google…

van Aalst, Jan

2010-01-01

343

Statistical Techniques Used in Published Articles: A Historical Review of Reviews  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study is to provide a historical account and metasynthesis of which statistical techniques are most frequently used in the fields of education and psychology. Six articles reviewing the "American Educational Research Journal" from 1969 to 1997 and five articles reviewing the psychological literature from 1948 to 2001…

Skidmore, Susan Troncoso; Thompson, Bruce

2010-01-01

344

Aspects of Theme in the Method and Discussion Sections of Biology Journal Articles in English.  

Science.gov (United States)

Analyzes the thematic structure of the method and Discussion section of biology research articles. A corpus of 30 journal articles was analyzed using the categories of systematic functional linguistics and a semantic categorization for unmarked themes realized by subject. Revealed differences in the semantic construction of the sections. (VWL)

Martinez, Iliana A.

2003-01-01

345

Method for manufacturing neutron absorbing article  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A neutron absorbing article, preferably in long, thin, flat form , suitable for but not necessarily limited to use in storage racks for spent nuclear fuel at locations between volumes of such stored fuel to absorb neutrons from said spent fuel and prevent uncontrolled nuclear reaction of the spent fuel material, is composed of finely divided boron carbide particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer forming a continuous matrix about the boron carbide particles, in such proportions that at least 6% of b10 from the boron carbide content is present therein. The described structures possess a multiplicity of desirable properties for the use mentioned, including withstanding thermal cycling from repeated spent fuel insertions and removals, withstanding radiation from said spent nuclear fuel over long periods of time without losing desirable neutron absorbing and physical properties, being sufficiently chemically inert to water so as to retain neutron absorbing properties if brought into contact with it, not being galvanically corroding and being sufficiently flexible so as to withstand operational basis earthquake and safe shutdown earthquake seismic events without loss of neutron absorbing capability and other desirable properties when installed in storage racks for spent nuclear fuel. In preferred embodiments of the invention the phenolic polymer is a phenol formaldehyde type polymer, such as a trimethylol phenol formaldehyde type polymer, the boron carbide contains at least 12% of b10, the plate contains from 8.0 to 5% thereof, the plate density is 1.6 to 2.1 G./cc. And proportions of boron carbide (Which may be accompanied by limited amounts of certain impurities) and phenol formaldehyde type polymer (Preferably free of halogens, mercury, lead and sulfur) are from 20 to 35% of the former and 65 to 80% of the latter. The invention also relates to a plurality of such neutron absorbing articles in a storage rack for spent nuclear fuel and to a method for

Hortman, M. T.; Mcmurtry, C. H.; Naum, R. G.; Owens, D. P.

1981-09-01

346

Colaboração interinstitucional em pesquisa no Brasil: tendências em artigos na área de gestão da inovação / Inter-institutional collaboration in research in Brazil: trends in articles in the innovation management area / Colaboración interinstitucional en la investigación en Brasil: tendencias de los artículos en el área de gestión de innovación  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O trabalho colaborativo em rede se expandiu a partir do final do século XX, apoiado pelos avanços nas tecnologias de informação e comunicação. A velocidade crescente das mudanças tecnológicas e o acirramento da competitividade internacional demandam esforços cooperativos de pesquisa e desenvolviment [...] o entre organizações. Padrões similares de colaboração em rede são observados no meio acadêmico e suas relações com o setor produtivo. Este artigo visa contribuir para a identificação dos padrões de colaboração dos pesquisadores brasileiros. Para tanto, analisa-se a colaboração em produção científica na área de gestão da inovação por meio de um levantamento de coautoria dos artigos apresentados no Simpósio de Gestão da Inovação Tecnológica (Sigitec) no período 1998-2008. Verifica-se a ausência de uma tendência clara de crescimento da colaboração interinstitucional, que ainda é inferior aos níveis internacionais, bem como a persistência da concentração espacial da produção científica. Abstract in spanish El trabajo colaborativo en red se expandió a partir del final del siglo XX, apoyado por los avances en las tecnologías de la información y comunicación. La velocidad creciente de los cambios tecnológicos y la exacerbación de la competitividad internacional demandan esfuerzos cooperativos de investig [...] ación y desarrollo entre organizaciones. Estándares similares de colaboración en red se observan en el medio académico y sus relaciones con el sector productivo. El objeto de este artículo es contribuir a la identificación de los estándares de colaboración de los investigadores brasileños. Para ello, se analiza la colaboración en producción científica en el área de gestión de la innovación, por medio de un relevamiento de coautoría de los artículos presentados en el Simposio de Gestión de la Innovación Tecnológica (Sigitec) en el período 1998-2008. Se verifica la ausencia de una tendencia clara de crecimiento de la colaboración interinstitucional, que todavía es inferior a los niveles internacionales, así como la persistencia de la concentración espacial de la producción científica. Abstract in english Since the end of the 20th century collaborative work in networks has been expanding, supported by advances in information technology and communication. The increasing pace of technological change and an intensification in international competitiveness require cooperative efforts in research and deve [...] lopment between organizations. Similar patterns of network collaboration are being observed in academic circles and in their relationships with the production sector. The aim of this article is to contribute to the identification of collaboration patterns between Brazilian researchers. To do so collaboration in scientific production in the area of innovation management is analyzed by means of a survey of co-authorship in the papers presented at the Symposium on Technological Innovation Management (Sigitec) in the 1998-2008 period. It was seen that there is no clear trend in the growth of inter-institutional collaboration, which still falls short of levels seen internationally, and that spatial concentration in scientific production still persists.

Emmanuel, Gazda; Carlos Olavo, Quandt.

347

How youth and children's issues are represented in the media : content analysis on newspaper articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this research was to study how children’s and young peoples issues are represented in the Finnish media in connection to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child. The convention is an international agreement, which was ratified by Finland in 1991. The Convention con-sists of 54 Articles and three Parts. These articles portray children’s rights in different areas of their lives. The research method used was the qualitative content analysis. Content analysi...

Liira, Taru

2012-01-01

348

PRÁTICAS MULTIRREFERENCIAIS DE EDUCAÇÃO ONLINE: EXPRESSÕES DE UMA PESQUISA. MULTIREFERENTIAL PRACTICES OF ONLINE EDUCATION: EXPRESSIONS OF A RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mediante as experiências vivenciadas na pesquisa interinstitucional “A cibercultura na era das redes sociais e da mobilidade: novas potencialidades para a formação de professores” no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação, da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Proped - UERJ propomos um olhar sobre os praticantes da pesquisa em sua formação plural habitando os diversos espaços formativos multirreferenciais. Para tanto, o objetivo deste texto é apresentar como as práticas de Educação online potencializam a interconexão de saberes, de narrativas e de aprendizagens nestes espaços formativos. Para enunciar tais práticas recorremos, além dos estudos das abordagens multirreferencial e dos cotidianos (Ardoino, Alves Macedo e Santos, aos estudos da cibercultura (Lemos, Santaella, Santos, Silva e da educação online (Santos, Silva. Analisando os rastros das itinerâncias e narrativas dos praticantes, chegamos aos seguintes achados: (a É possível criarmos metodologicamente outras possibilidades, outros métodos de fazer pesquisa em Educação que possibilitem a materialidade das autorias dos docentes articulando escola, cidade, ciberespaço; (b Precisaremos repensar os currículos em tempo de cibercultura e suas novas potencialidades comunicacionais; (c Precisaremos discutir nas diversas redes educativas, sobre como estudar para além das tecnologias em si, adentrando na vida social estruturada por elas para entendermos como os praticantes dos cotidianos produzem seus saberes e a própria cultura sociotécnica. Through the experiences in inter-institutional research "Cyberculture in the age of social networking and mobility: new possibilities for teacher training" in the Graduate Program in Education, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Proped-UERJ we suggest a look at the research practitioners, in their plural formation, inhabiting the various multireferential formative spaces. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to present how the practices of online education enhance the interconnection of knowledge, learning and narratives in these formative spaces. To enunciate such practices we used, apart from the studies on multireferential and everyday situations approaches (Ardoino, Alves Macedo and Santos, studies of cyberculture (Lemos, Santaella, Santos, Silva and online education (Santos, Silva. By analyzing traces of itinerancies and narratives of practitioners, we come to the following findings: (a It is possible to methodologically create other possibilities, other methods of doing research in education that enable the materiality of teachers’ authorship, articulating school, city, cyberspace. (b We will need to rethink the curriculum in this time of cyberculture and new communication potentialities. (c We will need to discuss in the various educational networks about how to study beyond technologies, entering the social life structured by them in order to understand how everyday practitioners produce their own knowledge and sociotechnical culture.

Rosemary dos Santos

2013-11-01

349

Prejudice and Racism, Year 2008--Still Going Strong: Research on Reducing Prejudice with Recommended Methodological Advances  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses the origins, mechanisms, and expressions of prejudice. A selective review of research finds strong support for the validity of G. W. Allport's (1954) contact hypothesis conditions in reducing prejudice. Methodological advances in the study of prejudice are reviewed, and implications of research findings for counselors are…

Utsey, Shawn O.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Porter, Jerlym S.

2008-01-01

350

Education Sciences | December 2013 - Browse Articles  

... Vassar and Amy Oakes Wren Educ. Sci. 2013, 3(4), 375-386; doi:10.3390/educsci3040375 Received: 17 June 2013; in revised form: 29 September 2013 / Accepted: 8 October 2013 / Published: 15 October 2013 Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (333 KB) | Download XML Full-text Abstract: While an extensive body of research exists regarding the delivery of course knowledge and material, much less attention has been paid to the performance effect of seating ...

351

Research resource: interactome of human embryo implantation: identification of gene expression pathways, regulation, and integrated regulatory networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

A prerequisite for successful embryo implantation is adequate preparation of receptive endometrium and the establishment and maintenance of a viable embryo. The success of implantation further relies upon a two-way dialogue between the embryo and uterus. However, molecular bases of these preimplantation and implantation processes in humans are not well known. We performed genome expression analyses of human embryos (n = 128) and human endometria (n = 8). We integrated these data with protein-protein interactions in order to identify molecular networks within the endometrium and the embryo, and potential embryo-endometrium interactions at the time of implantation. For that, we applied a novel network profiling algorithm HyperModules, which combines topological module identification and functional enrichment analysis. We found a major wave of transcriptional down-regulation in preimplantation embryos. In receptive-stage endometrium, several genes and signaling pathways were identified, including JAK-STAT signaling and inflammatory pathways. The main curated embryo-endometrium interaction network highlighted the importance of cell adhesion molecules in the implantation process. We also identified cytokine-cytokine receptor interactions involved in implantation, where osteopontin (SPP1), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and leptin (LEP) pathways were intertwining. Further, we identified a number of novel players in human embryo-endometrium interactions, such as apolipoprotein D (APOD), endothelin 1 (END1), fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7), gastrin (GAST), kringle containing trnasmembrane protein 1 (KREMEN1), neuropilin 1 (NRP1), serpin peptidase inhibitor clade A member 3 (SERPINA3), versican (VCAN), and others. Our findings provide a fundamental resource for better understanding of the genetic network that leads to successful embryo implantation. We demonstrate the first systems biology approach into the complex molecular network of the implantation process in humans. PMID:22074951

Altmäe, Signe; Reimand, Jüri; Hovatta, Outi; Zhang, Pu; Kere, Juha; Laisk, Triin; Saare, Merli; Peters, Maire; Vilo, Jaak; Stavreus-Evers, Anneli; Salumets, Andres

2012-01-01

352

[Original articles on axonal neuropathy in 2010].  

Science.gov (United States)

During 2010, 15 articles were published which focused on chronic sensorimotor axonal neuropathy; some will be discussed in this review. Clinical diagnosis from signs and symptoms seems to be excessively variable, often overestimating the incidence of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy. Long-term use of Metformin is associated with malabsorption of vitamin B12. Metformin exposure may be a iatrogenic cause for exacerbation of peripheral neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. The neuroprotective role of vitamin E against cisplatinperipheral neurotoxicity has been suggested by a phase III study. Metallosis after hip arthroplasty with a cobalt-chromium alloy prosthesis can cause progressive sensory disturbance, hearing loss and hypothyroidism. The effects of electrical stimulation on neuromuscular recovery after nerve crush injury in rats do not support a benefit of the tested protocol using electrical stimulation during the period of motor nerve recovery following injury. The rate of motor vehicle accidents in patients with neuropathy, based on surveys from 260 subjects, demonstrated that 40.6% were involved in traffic accidents. Accident frequency and discomfort with driving are higher in neuropathy patients compared to age-matched national statistics. Peripheral neuropathy in primary (AL) amyloidosis may be the cause of stepwise progressive, multiple upper limb mononeuropathies. PMID:22100324

Attarian, S

2011-12-01

353

Review article: burnout in emergency medicine physicians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Training and the practice of emergency medicine are stressful endeavours, placing emergency medicine physicians at risk of burnout. Burnout syndrome is associated with negative outcomes for patients, institutions and the physician. The aim of this review is to summarise the available literature on burnout among emergency medicine physicians and provide recommendations for future work in this field. A search of MEDLINE (1946-present) (search terms: 'Burnout, Professional' AND 'Emergency Medicine' AND 'Physicians'; 'Stress, Psychological' AND 'Emergency Medicine' AND 'Physicians') and EMBASE (1988-present) (search terms: 'Burnout' AND 'Emergency Medicine' AND 'Physicians'; 'Mental Stress' AND 'Emergency Medicine' AND 'Physicians') was performed. The authors focused on articles that assessed burnout among emergency medicine physicians. Most studies used the Maslach Burnout Inventory to quantify burnout, allowing for cross-study (and cross-country) comparisons. Emergency medicine has burnout levels in excess of 60% compared with physicians in general (38%). Despite this, most emergency medicine physicians (>60%) are satisfied with their jobs. Both work-related (hours of work, years of practice, professional development activities, non-clinical duties etc.) and non-work-related factors (age, sex, lifestyle factors etc.) are associated with burnout. Despite the heavy burnout rates among emergency medicine physicians, little work has been performed in this field. Factors responsible for burnout among various emergency medicine populations should be determined, and appropriate interventions designed to reduce burnout. PMID:24118838

Arora, Manit; Asha, Stephen; Chinnappa, Jason; Diwan, Ashish D

2013-12-01

354

A study on retrieval of article and making database in radio technology with personal computer  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Although many useful articles appear in journals published in Korea, they are not always cited by researchers mainly due to absence of efficient searching system. The author made a program with 4 predefined filtering forms to detect published articles rapidly and accurately. The program was coded using database management system CA-Clipper VER 5.2. I used 486DX-II(8 Mbyte Ram, VGA, 560 Mbyte Hard Disk), desk-jet printer(HP-560k), and MS-DOS VER 5.0. I inputed twenty articles in the journal of Korean Society Radio technological Technology, And this program test for retrieve article and made database.

Kim, Sung Hwan [College of Medicine, Hallym Univ., Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

1997-02-01

355

Recombinant parathormone and osteoporosis: a review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Osteoporosis is a condition characterized with reduced bone density and destruction of the bone structure. The ideal treatment aims to reduce the risk of fracture while improving the density and structure of the bone. Parathormone (PTH and its main analogue triparatide (rhPTH [1-34] is a new class of anabolic medications which accelerates the healing process in the fractured bone through improving bone formation and therefore is used for treating severe osteoporosis. The present review article was designed to report the history, different types, anabolic and catabolic effects, complications, indications and contraindications of the hormone.

Larijani B

2010-12-01

356

Parathyroid scintigraphy in hyperparathyroidism (review article  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Once the diagnosis of primary hyperthyroidism (PHPTH has been established with lab measurement then successful removal of all hyper functioning parathyroid tissue with permanent relief of PHPTH is accomplished in 85% to 95%, so accurate localization of hyper functioning gland (adenoma is best way to treat the patient. As we knew hyperparathyroidism arise 85% to 90 % due to adenoma, 9% to 15% due to hyperplasia & < 1% due to carcinoma, one of reliable method for localization of parathyroid adenoma is radionuclide procedures. Using radionuclide techniques has been attempted for more than 2 decade (cesium 131, gallium 67, Selenomethionine - 75 with variable success. For many years, thallium-201/technetium-99m subtraction was the scintigraphic method used for parathyroid imaging, having been introduced by Ferlin in 1983. 201Tl planar scintigraphy and SPET were also considered to be successful procedures for localizing ectopic parathyroid adenomas (e.g. in the mediastinum prior to reoperation following surgical failure. Since the introduction of cationic complexes which were developed for myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, an increasing number of reports have dealt with these substances as tracers for oncology. In 1989, the use of 99mTc-sestamibi for parathyroid imaging was reported by Coakley et al. for the first time. Several authors subsequently presented different techniques and imaging protocols for 99mTcsestamib parathyroid imaging, including subtraction scintigraphy with iodine-123 or 99mTc-pertechnetate and dual-phase scintigraphy with early and delayed imaging. To complicate the situation for the routine user still further, over the last decade new cationic complexes, such as 99mTc-tetrofosmin and 99mTc-furifosmin, have been introduced which show similar but not identical behavior with respect to cellular uptake. The question still arises as to which tracer, which technique and which protocol should be used. In this review article we briefly discuss about these questions.

B. Rashidi

2006-06-01

357

Disaster waste management: A review article  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Depending on their nature and severity, disasters can create large volumes of debris and waste. The waste can overwhelm existing solid waste management facilities and impact on other emergency response and recovery activities. If poorly managed, the waste can have significant environmental and public health impacts and can affect the overall recovery process. This paper presents a system overview of disaster waste management based on existing literature. The main literature available to date comprises disaster waste management plans or guidelines and isolated case studies. There is ample discussion on technical management options such as temporary storage sites, recycling, disposal, etc.; however, there is little or no guidance on how these various management options are selected post-disaster. The literature does not specifically address the impact or appropriateness of existing legislation, organisational structures and funding mechanisms on disaster waste management programmes, nor does it satisfactorily cover the social impact of disaster waste management programmes. It is envisaged that the discussion presented in this paper, and the literature gaps identified, will form a basis for future comprehensive and cohesive research on disaster waste management. In turn, research will lead to better preparedness and response to disaster waste management problems.

2011-06-01

358

Gauging the impact of Forensic Science International: Genetics--Citation metrics for top articles in the journal.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using the Thomson Reuters' Web of Knowledge bibliometric tool enables the analysis of citation patterns for the articles published in FSI: Genetics since it was launched. This brief survey identifies the most cited articles published by the journal since its inception and amongst these, the most impactful original research articles: those showing the highest citation rates per year since their publication. PMID:24631269

Phillips, Chris

2014-07-01

359

[Between fetishism and survival: are scientific articles a form of academic merchandise?].  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the possible meanings of the intense prevailing concern in academic circles over the notion of research productivity, as reflected in an excess number of articles published in various scientific journals. The numerical accounting of articles published by researchers in scientific journals with renowned academic status serves to legitimize academics in their fields of work, in various ways. In this sense, we suggest that scientific articles take on aspects of merchandise-as-fetish, according to Marx's theory of use-value and exchange-value and Benjamin's exposure value. Meanwhile, the biological notions of selection and evolution are used as metaphorical elements in "bibliographic Darwinism". There are references as to the possibility many of the prevailing bibliometric concerns serve as instruments for econometric analysis, especially to orient and enhance cost-effectiveness analysis in research investments of various orders and types, from the point of view of their economic return. PMID:18157347

Castiel, Luis David; Sanz-Valero, Javier

2007-12-01

360

Review article "Assessment of economic flood damage"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Damage assessments of natural hazards supply crucial information to decision support and policy development in the fields of natural hazard management and adaptation planning to climate change. Specifically, the estimation of economic flood damage is gaining greater importance as flood risk management is becoming the dominant approach of flood control policies throughout Europe. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art and identifies research directions of economic flood damage assessment. Despite the fact that considerable research effort has been spent and progress has been made on damage data collection, data analysis and model development in recent years, there still seems to be a mismatch between the relevance of damage assessments and the quality of the available models and datasets. Often, simple approaches are used, mainly due to limitations in available data and knowledge on damage mechanisms. The results of damage assessments depend on many assumptions, e.g. the selection of spatial and temporal boundaries, and there are many pitfalls in economic evaluation, e.g. the choice between replacement costs or depreciated values. Much larger efforts are required for empirical and synthetic data collection and for providing consistent, reliable data to scientists and practitioners. A major shortcoming of damage modelling is that model validation is scarcely performed. Uncertainty analyses and thorough scrutiny of model inputs and assumptions should be mandatory for each damage model development and application, respectively. In our view, flood risk assessments are often not well balanced. Much more attention is given to the hazard assessment part, whereas damage assessment is treated as some kind of appendix within the risk analysis. Advances in flood damage assessment could trigger subsequent methodological improvements in other natural hazard areas with comparable time-space properties.

B. Merz

2010-08-01

 
 
 
 
361

Research misconduct  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Good research practice is important to the scientific community. An awareness of what constitutes poor practice is important. Various types of research misconduct are defined in this article. The extent of research misconduct in the field of radiology has been assessed by contacting five English language radiology journals. Redundant or duplicate publication has been reported infrequently, Radiology (1), American Journal of Roentgenology (3), Clinical Radiology (3), British Journal of Radiology (2) and European Radiology (1). The issue of how the radiology community might tackle research misconduct is discussed with reference to guidance from the Medical Research Council, the Wellcome Trust and the Committee of Publication Ethics

2003-07-01

362

Which Fields and Articles Contributed Most to Medicine from Turkey?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To determine and disclose publications from Turkey that have contributed most “genuinely” to medicine in the past 40 years.Method: Based on data from the Web of Science, 100 publications originating from Turkey’s institutions were identified as having received by June, 2011, the greatest number of citations. Papers having more than a minor share by international authors were excluded.Results: Eighty-three primary authors generated 100 medical papers, each receiving>82 (95% GA 83; 230 citations. These articles, cited herein, were in the top 1% to 6% papers in the world. Half of the articles were published in 1994-2002. An estimated 10-12 such highly cited papers are produced currently in Turkey annually which represent only a global share of 0.5 per mille. The rate of rise registered in the period 1995-2005 may be anticipated not to persist later. Internal medicine, led by rheumatology, hematology and cardiology, and neurosciences were represented above the average. Health issues encountered more widely than in other populations, headed by Behçet’s disease, were the most frequent topics.Conclusion: Results are unsatisfactory compared with the potential of Turkey. A concerted and much greater effort is needed to rebuild an environment that focuses on promoting research with a potential for contributing to medicine. (Marmara Medical Journal 2011;24:156-61

Altan ONAT

2011-01-01

363

A REVIEW ARTICLE OF CLOUD COMPUTING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cloud computing has become a significant technology trend, and many experts expect it to reshape information-technology processes and the IT marketplace during the next five years.This keynote paper: presents a 21st century vision of computing; identifies various computing paradigms promising to deliver the vision of computing utilities; defines Cloud computing and provides the architecture for creating market-oriented Clouds by leveraging technologies such as VMs; provides thoughts on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven service management and computational risk management to sustain SLA oriented resource allocation; presents some representative Cloud platforms especially those developed in industries along with our current work towards realising market-oriented resource allocation of Clouds by leveraging the 3rd generation Aneka enterprise Grid technology; reveals our early thoughts on interconnecting Clouds for dynamically creating an atmospheric computing environment along with pointers to future community research; and concludes with the need for convergence of competing IT paradigms for delivering our 21st century vision.

Mandeep Kaur

2013-01-01

364

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

Science.gov (United States)

To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on…

Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Busch, Allison K.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-01-01

365

Worldwide trends in quantity and quality of published articles in the field of infectious diseases  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Trying to confront with the widespread burden of infectious diseases, the society worldwide invests considerably on research. We evaluated the contribution of different world regions in research production in Infectious Diseases. Methods Using the online Pubmed database we retrieved articles from 38 journals included in the "Infectious Diseases" category of the "Journal Citation Reports" database of the Institute for Scientifi...

2005-01-01

366

How Much Importance Do We Give to Target Audiences in Article Writing?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: Writing papers can be used as a means to convey amessage. Knowledge transfer is also about conveying the rightmessage to the right target audience. The aim of this study was todetermine the proportion of articles that had mentioned a clearmessage and the target audience in the abstract and the article as awhole, and also to examine their association with different determinantfactors.Methods: Articles published from 2001 to 2006 that were basedon clinical and health system research conducted on Iranian populationsand on maternal care, diabetes and tuberculosis weresearched systematically in domestic and international databases.Eventually checklists (Additional file 1 were completed for 795articles.Results: Overall, 98.5% of articles had a clear message, whereas12.5% had addressed the direct target audience. Presence of a clearmessage in formatted abstracts were seen 3.6 times more (CI95%:1.5-8.7 than in articles without formatted abstracts (p = 0.005.Addressing of the direct target audience was seen twice as much inhealth system research articles as compared to clinical studies,odds ratio was 2.3 (CI95%: 1.47-3.48 ,p<0.001.Conclusions: Creating a format for journal abstracts seems to bean effective intervention for presenting the message in articles.

Sima Nedjat

2010-01-01

367

Invited Article: Deep Impact instrument calibration  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Calibration of NASA's Deep Impact spacecraft instruments allows reliable scientific interpretation of the images and spectra returned from comet Tempel 1. Calibrations of the four onboard remote sensing imaging instruments have been performed in the areas of geometric calibration, spatial resolution, spectral resolution, and radiometric response. Error sources such as noise (random, coherent, encoding, data compression), detector readout artifacts, scattered light, and radiation interactions have been quantified. The point spread functions (PSFs) of the medium resolution instrument and its twin impactor targeting sensor are near the theoretical minimum [?1.7 pixels full width at half maximum (FWHM)]. However, the high resolution instrument camera was found to be out of focus with a PSF FWHM of ?9 pixels. The charge coupled device (CCD) read noise is ?1 DN. Electrical cross-talk between the CCD detector quadrants is correctable to <2 DN. The IR spectrometer response nonlinearity is correctable to ?1%. Spectrometer read noise is ?2 DN. The variation in zero-exposure signal level with time and spectrometer temperature is not fully characterized; currently corrections are good to ?10 DN at best. Wavelength mapping onto the detector is known within 1 pixel; spectral lines have a FWHM of ?2 pixels. About 1% of the IR detector pixels behave badly and remain uncalibrated. The spectrometer exhibits a faint ghost image from reflection off a beamsplitter. Instrument absolute radiometric calibration accuracies were determined generally to <10% using star imaging. Flat-field calibration reduces pixel-to-pixel response differences to ?0.5% for the cameras and <2% for the spectrometer. A standard calibration image processing pipeline is used to produce archival image files for analysis by researchers.

2008-09-01

368

The Role of Documentation in Practice-Led Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Practice-led research in the field of art and design usually involves a study of the interplay between a researcher-practitioner and her artistic work in process. This article seeks to illustrate that documentation of art practice can be a means to record that interplay and it can be used as relevant material in practice-led research. The article will present an account of documentation in practice-led research highlighting two principal aspects: phases of documentation and the role of documentation within the overall research process. The account will capture reflections of the author’s own practice-led research in fiber art, which investigates the relationship between materials and artistic expression, in the context of contemporary art.

Nithikul Nimkulrat

2007-01-01

369

Worldwide trends in quantity and quality of published articles in the field of infectious diseases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Trying to confront with the widespread burden of infectious diseases, the society worldwide invests considerably on research. We evaluated the contribution of different world regions in research production in Infectious Diseases. Methods Using the online Pubmed database we retrieved articles from 38 journals included in the "Infectious Diseases" category of the "Journal Citation Reports" database of the Institute for Scientific Information for the period 1995–2002. The world was divided into 9 regions based on geographic, economic and scientific criteria. Using an elaborate retrieval system we obtained data on published articles from different world regions. In our evaluation we introduced an estimate of both quantity and quality of research produced from each world region per year using: (1 the total number of publications, (2 the mean impact factor of publications, and (3 the product of the above two parameters. Results Data on the country of origin of the research was available for 45,232 out of 45,922 retrieved articles (98.5 %. USA and Western Europe are by far the most productive regions concerning publications of research articles. However, the rate of increase in the production of articles was higher in Eastern Europe, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia during the study period. The mean impact factor is highest for articles originating in the USA (3.42, while it was 2.82 for Western Europe and 2.73 for the rest of the world (7 regions combined. Conclusion USA and Western Europe make up a striking 80% of the world's research production in Infectious Diseases in terms of both quantity and quality. However, all world regions achieved a gradual increase in the production of Infectious Diseases articles, with the regions ranking lower at present displaying the highest rate of increase.

Vergidis Paschalis I

2005-03-01

370

Review Article: High-Temperature Adult-Plant Resistance, Key for Sustainable Control of Stripe Rust  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

High-temperature adult-plant (HTAP) resistance expresses when plants grow old and the weather becomes warm. This non-race specific and durable type of resistance has been used successfully in control of wheat stripe rust in the US since early 1960s. This article describes practical procedures for identification and cha...

Xianming Chen

2013-01-01

371

A comparison of clustering algorithms in article recommendation system  

Science.gov (United States)

Recommendation system is considered a tool that can be used to recommend researchers about resources that are suitable for their research of interest by using content-based filtering. In this paper, clustering algorithm as an unsupervised learning is introduced for grouping objects based on their feature selection and similarities. The information of publication in Science Cited Index is used to be dataset for clustering as a feature extraction in terms of dimensionality reduction of these articles by comparing Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and K-Mean to determine the best algorithm. In my experiment, the selected database consists of 2625 documents extraction extracted from SCI corpus from 2001 to 2009. Clustering into ranks as 50,100,200,250 is used to consider and using F-Measure evaluate among them in three algorithms. The result of this paper showed that LDA technique given the accuracy up to 95.5% which is the highest effective than any other clustering technique.

Tantanasiriwong, Supaporn

2011-12-01

372

Reporting Research for Practitioners: Proposed Guidelines  

Science.gov (United States)

The NCTM Research Committee developed this article to address a distinctly important activity that links research and practice: writing research-based articles for practitioner journals. Six guiding principles are described. (Contains 6 figures.)

Heck, Daniel J.; Tarr, James E.; Hollebrands, Karen F.; Walker, Erica N.; Berry, Robert Q., III; Baltzley, Patricia C.; Rasmussen, Chris L.; King, Karen D.

2012-01-01

373

“Making us see science” :visual images in popular science articles and science journalism  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article explores how scientific research and scientists are represented visually in popular science and science journalism. It discusses communicative functions and cultural meanings of visual elements in science stories. Drawing on concepts from the visual grammar developed by Gunther Kress and Theo van Leeuwen, the author indicates how different kinds of modality are used to address the audience in popular science articles in Scientific American and Illustrert Vitenskap (a Scandinavian ...

Hornmoen, Harald

2010-01-01

374

Evaluation of Articles from Turkey Published in Pathology Journals Indexed in International Indexes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: We aimed to evaluate manuscripts from Turkey published in pathology journals indexed in the international databases.Material and Method: Journals indexed in the “Web of Science” and having a “pathology” topic in the “Journal Citation Report” were searched and sorted according to impact factor from the “Science Citation Index”. Publications were analyzed according to the journal, year, type, impact factor and institutions.Results: Sixty-six journals indexed in the SCI and 1399 publications from Turkey were identified between 1975 and 2009. “Meeting abstracts” made up 48.3% and “research articles-case reports” 41.1% of these articles. Ten universities produced 52.09% of the publications. The journals having frequently published articles from Turkey had impact factors less than 1,5. Thirty-nine of 278 publications in the 10 journals of highest impact factor were original articles and 33 of them had international co-authors. In 10 journals in which the most number of articles were published, the impact factor per publication and original article were 1,337 and 5,417 respectively.Conclusion: Research and case reports constituted 41.1% of the publications and are published mostly in journals with an impact factor less than 1.0. Fifty-six percent of the meeting abstracts are from the European Pathology Congress that was held in Istanbul in 2007. International meetings held in Turkey have a clear boosting effect on research. The number of citations per pathology articles published from Turkey are lower than the world average and articles emanating from other medical disciplines in Turkey. Research in the pathology field is not adequate quantitatively and qualitatively. Attempts are required to increase the quantity and quality of publications.

Alp USUBÜTÜN

2010-05-01

375

The effect of providing a USB syllabus on resident reading of landmark articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: The acquisition of new knowledge is a primary goal of residency training. Retrieving and retaining influential primary and secondary medical literature can be challenging for house officers. We set out to investigate the effect of a Universal Serial Bus (USB) drive loaded with landmark scientific articles on housestaff education in a pilot study. Methods: We created a USB syllabus that contains 187 primary scientific research articles. The electronic syllabus had links to the full...

Mayy Chahla; Michael Eberlein; Scott Wright

2010-01-01

376

Mixed Method Research: An Overview  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article gives a general overview of mixed method research. In mixed method, the researchers combine both qualitative and quantitative approaches in a single research project. The article first attempts to define mixed method research. Then it gives a comparison of qualitative and quantitative approaches. It also introduces the well-known controversy among the researchers: which of these approaches is superior? By explaining this controversy, the article identifies the need for mixed method research. Lastly, the article describes the process of mixed method research.

Dewan Mahboob HOSSAIN

2012-12-01

377

The Role of Persuasive Arguments in Changing Affirmative Action Attitudes and Expressed Behavior in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The research reported in this article examined the conditions under which persuasive arguments are most effective in changing university students' attitudes and expressed behavior with respect to affirmative action (AA). The conceptual framework was a model that integrated the theory of reasoned action and the elaboration likelihood model of…

White, Fiona A.; Charles, Margaret A.; Nelson, Jacqueline K.

2008-01-01

378

19 CFR 134.26 - Imported articles repacked or manipulated.  

Science.gov (United States)

...false Imported articles repacked or manipulated. 134.26 Section 134.26 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER...ORIGIN MARKING Marking of Containers or Holders § 134.26 Imported articles repacked or manipulated....

2010-04-01

379

19 CFR 133.21 - Articles bearing counterfeit trademarks.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Articles bearing counterfeit trademarks. 133.21 ...NAMES, AND COPYRIGHTS Importations Bearing Registered and/or Recorded Trademarks...Recorded Trade Names § 133.21 Articles bearing counterfeit trademarks. (a)...

2009-04-01

380

16 CFR 303.12 - Trimmings of household textile articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Trimmings of household textile articles. 303.12 Section 303...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.12 Trimmings of household textile articles. (a) Trimmings...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

27 CFR 53.186 - Accounting procedures for like articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accounting procedures for like articles. 53.186 Section 53.186 Alcohol...to Manufacturers Taxes § 53.186 Accounting procedures for like articles. (a) Identification of...

2010-04-01

382

CPTC Viewpoint Article Published in Proteomics Clinical Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Posted on July 28, 2011 In the special December issue of Proteomics Clinical Applications, two articles focus directly on scientific outputs from CPTC. A Viewpoint article, authored by Participants of a Wellcome Trust/EBI meeting and retreat (Patterson

383

Article Use and Its Relationship to Individual User Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

Statistics that pertain to article use and individual user satisfaction should be weighed in determining library journal holdings. Separate article use/user satisfaction relationships must be developed for each discipline and library population. (NH)

Trueswell, Richard W.

1970-01-01

384

The Quest for Citations: Drivers of Article Impact  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Why do some articles become building blocks for future scholars, while many others remain unnoticed? We aim to answer this question by contrasting, synthesizing and simultaneously testing three scientometric perspectives – universalism, social constructivism and presentation – on the influence of article and author characteristics on article citations. To do so, we study all articles published in a sample of five major journals in marketing from 1990 to 2002 that are central to the discip...

Stremersch, S.; Verniers, I. W. J.; Verhoef, P. C.

2006-01-01

385

The Study of Framework of Subject Classification for Journal Articles in Library and Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes a task for construction of a subject classification framework under the background of analyses of the researches of Library and Information Science (LIS. The proposed framework covers the possible research issues including those influenced by the information technology and network techniques. We first investigate the existing classification systems like Dewey decimal classification, and Chinese classification systems and other classification systems proposed by different researchers. Secondly, we adopt top-down and bottom-up approaches to propose a subject classification framework. Thirdly, we carry out a series of pre-testing using 400 papers and tune the framework to meet the requirement of analyses of researches of LIS. We will investigate and analyze the research development and paradigm shift of LIS in the future using the proposed subject classification framework and other approaches. [Article content in Chinese

Chun-Ju Lin

2001-12-01

386

Using participatory action research to develop an HIV and Aids school plan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this article we report on the manner in which participatory action research (PAR) was utilised by teachers in developing a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) school plan, in collaboration with university researchers. The need for a structured HIV and Aids school plan emerged during the course of a broader research project (of which this study formed part) during which a school principal and teachers expressed a need to support infected and affe...

2013-01-01

387

Developing a Conceptual Article for Publication in Counseling Journals  

Science.gov (United States)

This article seeks to help authors better understand the purpose, process, and procedures for developing a conceptual manuscript for publication in counseling journals. The author explains the basis of a conceptual article, discusses how authors may generate ideas for writing such articles, and describes a process for developing a conceptual…

Watts, Richard E.

2011-01-01

388

An "English Journal" Article That Made a Difference: A Forum  

Science.gov (United States)

In the author's effort to find out more about how "English Journal" articles have led to meaningful changes, he asked several teachers to write about "an "English Journal" article that made a difference." Several council members write about influential articles they read in the pages of NCTE's century-old journal. The brief stories they tell…

Zancanella, Don, Comp.

2012-01-01

389

Research Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the author's review of research about material culture and its relevance to teaching artists. In this review, three themes emerged that may provide a conceptual framework. This framework may offer a base of understanding from which teaching artists may, in turn, be able to situate some of their practices or create new…

Serig, Dan

2011-01-01

390

Controlled laser production of elongated articles from particulates  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been discovered that wires and small diameter rods can be produced using laser deposition technology in a novel way. An elongated article such as a wire or rod is constructed by melting and depositing particulate material into a deposition zone which has been designed to yield the desired article shape and dimensions. The article is withdrawn from the deposition zone as it is formed, thus enabling formation of the article in a continuous process. Alternatively, the deposition zone is moved along any of numerous deposition paths away from the article being formed.

Dixon, Raymond D. (Los Alamos, NM) [Los Alamos, NM; Lewis, Gary K. (Los Alamos, NM) [Los Alamos, NM; Milewski, John O. (Santa Fe, NM) [Santa Fe, NM

2002-01-01

391

Ethics in Psychiatric Research: A Review of 25 Years of NIH-funded Empirical Research Projects.  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND: This paper reviews the past 25 years of empirical research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on matters of ethics in psychiatric research. METHODS: Using the NIH RePORTER and Medline databases, we identified 43 grants and 77 publications that involved the empirical study of a matter of ethics in research involving mental health service users. RESULTS: These articles provide original and useful information on important topics, most especially the capacity to consent and the voluntariness of consent. For example, participants who share a diagnosis vary widely in levels of cognitive impairment that correlate with decisional capacity, and capacity to consent can be enhanced easily using iterative consent processes. Few articles address matters of justice or benefits in research, particularly from the perspectives of participants. No articles address matters of privacy, confidentiality, or researcher professionalism. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the usefulness of data from the studies conducted to date, current research on research ethics in psychiatry does not adequately address the concerns of service users as expressed in recent publications. PMID:23259152

Dubois, James; Bante, Holly; Hadley, Whitney B

2011-01-01

392

Animal research  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article presents the ethical issues in animal research using a combined approach of ethical theory and analysis of scientific findings with bearing on the ethical analysis. The article opens with a general discussion of the moral acceptability of animal use in research. The use of animals in research is analyzed from the viewpoint of three distinct ethical approaches: contractarianism, utilitarianism, and animal rights view. On a contractarian view, research on animals is only an ethical issue to the extent that other humans as parties to the social contract care about how research animals are faring. From the utilitarian perspective, the use of sentient animals in research that may harm them is an ethical issue, but harm done to animals can be balanced by benefit generated for humans and other animals. The animal rights view, when thoroughgoing, is abolitionist as regards the use of animals in science (as in any other human use that is not also in the animalsâ?? best interest). These views are not compatible, and since all three views in more or less pure form are found in modern Western societies, use of animals for research is bound to cause controversy. However, there may be room for some kind of compromise where adherents of each view compromise on some points. The ethical basis for the mainstream view of the use of animals in research is analyzed in this light. In the second part of the article, scientific information about the use of animals in research (and in particular the harm and benefit of such use) is analyzed in the light of ethical questions that seem to be pertinent against the background of a mainstream compromise view.

Olsson, I.A.S.; Sandøe, Peter

2012-01-01

393

Challenges for automatically extracting molecular interactions from full-text articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The increasing availability of full-text biomedical articles will allow more biomedical knowledge to be extracted automatically with greater reliability. However, most Information Retrieval (IR and Extraction (IE tools currently process only abstracts. The lack of corpora has limited the development of tools that are capable of exploiting the knowledge in full-text articles. As a result, there has been little investigation into the advantages of full-text document structure, and the challenges developers will face in processing full-text articles. Results We manually annotated passages from full-text articles that describe interactions summarised in a Molecular Interaction Map (MIM. Our corpus tracks the process of identifying facts to form the MIM summaries and captures any factual dependencies that must be resolved to extract the fact completely. For example, a fact in the results section may require a synonym defined in the introduction. The passages are also annotated with negated and coreference expressions that must be resolved. We describe the guidelines for identifying relevant passages and possible dependencies. The corpus includes 2162 sentences from 78 full-text articles. Our corpus analysis demonstrates the necessity of full-text processing; identifies the article sections where interactions are most commonly stated; and quantifies the proportion of interaction statements requiring coherent dependencies. Further, it allows us to report on the relative importance of identifying synonyms and resolving negated expressions. We also experiment with an oracle sentence retrieval system using the corpus as a gold-standard evaluation set. Conclusion We introduce the MIM corpus, a unique resource that maps interaction facts in a MIM to annotated passages within full-text articles. It is an invaluable case study providing guidance to developers of biomedical IR and IE systems, and can be used as a gold-standard evaluation set for full-text IR tasks.

Curran James R

2009-09-01

394

[Update on "expressed emotions"].  

Science.gov (United States)

The present article is meant to sum up the current state of scientific knowledge with regard to the concept of "Emotional Expression" and its very implementation in the clinical and therapeutical field which are well-known in anglo-saxon countries but very little applied and known in France. "Emotional Expression" (EE), which came out of research and studies undertaken by Brown (1959) and later on, Vaughn and Leff (1976), defines interaction between a schizophrenic patient and his close environment according to 3 criterium: judgmental comments and criticism, hostility, emotional over-involvement. Family surroundings are characterized by strong EE or weak EE according to the frequency and the quantity of the measures during a typical standard family-interview: the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI). A strong EE is considered as being a non-specific factor. "Emotional Expression" proves to be a predictable indication for relapse in terms of psychiatric affluence (positive symptoms), hospitalization rate and psycho-social adjustment process. The possibilities of forecasting do not concern specifically schizophrenia as the relation between family climate and relapse can be observed in other mental pathology as well. The psycho-educational approach which is induced by this research trend is based on a concept of a partnership between the patients's family and the patient. The purpose in fact is to bring about changes within the relationship of the patient and his environment so as to reduce judgmental criticism, hostility and emotional over-involvement (information programs concerning etiology, therapeutical strategies in view of improving understanding of the illness and to reorganize proper family relationship). The advantage of such a concept which is well-known lies in the fact that it helps to find out those family surroundings with strong EE who represent factors of relapse for psychiatric patients and to suggest therefore therapeutical treatment, the purpose of which should be defined together with all those concerned namely, the patient, the family, the therapeutist so as to intervene during the evolution of the illness. The literary bibliographical review which we have made lead us to find the existence of a wide field of research with results showing clearly the predictable aspects of EE in the illness process. In this way, new approaches in the "intake" of schizophrenic patients and their families are clearly defined. PMID:10951910

Abaoub, A; Vidon, G

2000-01-01

395

The effect of providing a USB syllabus on resident reading of landmark articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The acquisition of new knowledge is a primary goal of residency training. Retrieving and retaining influential primary and secondary medical literature can be challenging for house officers. We set out to investigate the effect of a Universal Serial Bus (USB drive loaded with landmark scientific articles on housestaff education in a pilot study. Methods: We created a USB syllabus that contains 187 primary scientific research articles. The electronic syllabus had links to the full-text articles and was organized using an html webpage with a table of contents according to medical subspecialties. We performed a prospective cohort study of 53 house officers in the internal medicine residency program who received the USB syllabus. We evaluated the impact of the USB syllabus on resident education with surveys at the beginning and conclusion of the nine-month study period. Results: All 50 respondents (100% reported to have used the USB syllabus. The self-reported number of original articles read each month was higher at the end of the nine-month study period compared to baseline. Housestaff rated original articles as being a more valuable educational resource after the intervention. Conclusions: An electronic syllabus with landmark scientific articles placed on a USB drive was widely utilized by housestaff, increased the self-reported reading of original scientific articles and seemed to have positively influenced residents’ attitude toward original medical literature.

Mayy Chahla

2010-01-01

396

DO INDIAN RESEARCHERS READ INDIAN RESEARCH?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is the authors' experience that papers in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP) under-reference relevant research previously published in the journal. To empirically address this issue, four volumes of the IJP, from 1989 to 1992 (both years inclusive), were surveyed. It was found that of 292 articles examined, 133 articles (45.5%) had neglected to cite relevant articles previously published in the IJP. The overall ratio of IJP reference included to IJP reference omitted was 1:1. Surprisin...

1994-01-01

397

Writing Science Fiction Stories to Motivate Analysis of Journal Articles  

CERN Document Server

For many students, college physics courses have little or even negative impact on their beliefs about the connection between physics and the everyday world. One way to help students see this connection is to incorporate analysis of science articles into the course. For introductory courses, one might have students discuss newspaper articles related to science or articles from popular science magazines while articles from peer-reviewed journals might be more appropriate for honors-level or upper-division courses. In this work, I describe a project done in a two-semester upper-division electricity and magnetism course at the United States Air Force Academy in which students were required to use the science from a peer-reviewed journal article to write a science fiction story. Although others have utilized science fiction stories in physics courses, this is the first article to describe a project in which students write their own science fiction stories in a physics course.

Kontur, F J

2014-01-01

398

[Evaluation of Articles 33 and 59, of the Code of Deontology of Doctors in Catalonia (2005), judicially annulled].  

Science.gov (United States)

At the end of the year 2004, the Autonomous Conseil of the Medical School in Catalonia (Spain) approved its Deontology Code. The articles 33 and 59 were then judicially resorted by more than one hundred doctors in Catalonia; nowadays those articles themselves have been annulled by judicial sentence. This research aims to accomplish a valuation ethical and deontological of the annulled articles, according to the statutes. PMID:19507917

Collazo Chao, Eliseo

2009-01-01

399

Brazilian Scientific Journals in Surgery: quality control in the abstract structure of non-experimental articles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate the quality of abstracts of original non-experimental research articles in Brazilian Journals in Surgery. METHODS: Convenience sample of 471 abstracts of original research articles from six Brazilian surgical journals indexed in Thomson Reuters (ISI) Web of Knowledge. The qualit [...] y of abstracts was measured against a checklist of eight evaluation criteria, which were divided into 32 categories. The total score for each abstract was obtained by summing the score of all criteria present. The overall mean score was also determined. RESULTS: The overall mean score of abstract quality was that of a good abstract. Most of the abstracts contained some information from each of the eight basic categories of an abstract. All abstracts were structured ones. CONCLUSION: The overall quality, for abstracts of original articles of six Brazilian non-experimental journals in surgery, was classified as good.

Carlos Alberto, Guimarães; Rosely de Fátima, Pellizzon; Marcia Kiyomi, Koike.

400

Method for fabricating uranium alloy articles without shape memory effects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Uranium-rich niobium and niobium-zirconium alloys possess a characteristic known as shape memory effect wherein shaped articles of these alloys recover their original shape when heated. The present invention circumvents this memory behavior by forming the alloys into the desired configuration at elevated temperatures with ''cold'' matched dies and maintaining the shaped articles between the dies until the articles cool to ambient temperature

1985-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Electron Beam Welding to Join Gamma Titanium Aluminide Articles  

Science.gov (United States)

A method is provided for welding two gamma titanium aluminide articles together. The method includes preheating the two articles to a welding temperature of from about 1700 F to about 2100 F, thereafter electron beam welding the two articles together at the welding temperature and in a welding vacuum to form a welded structure, and thereafter annealing the welded structure at an annealing temperature of from about 1800 F to about 2200 F, to form a joined structure.

Kelly, Thomas Joseph (Inventor)

2008-01-01

402

Order of the 29. of January 2010 approving the decision n. 2009-DC-0146 made on the 16. of July 2010 by the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN), modified by the decision n. 2009-DC-0162 of the 20. of October 2009, defining the list electric equipment generating X rays which are hold or used for purposes of biomedical research or medical, dental, forensics or veterinary diagnosis and submitted to a declaration regime on the account of the first paragraph of the article R. 1333-19 of the Public Health code and abrogating the 23 April 1969 order related to equipment and installations using ionizing radiations on medical purposes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This legal document indicates the list of equipment which must now be declared to the ASN (the French Nuclear Safety Authority), specifies that any use of these equipment in conditions other than normal requires an authorization on the account of an article of the Public Health Code. A list of equipment is given which are used in medical and forensics radio-diagnosis, in biomedical research, in dental and veterinary radio-diagnosis

1969-04-23

403

Order of the 29. of January 2010 approving the decision n. 2009-DC-0146 made on the 16. of July 2010 by the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN), modified by the decision n. 2009-DC-0162 of the 20. of October 2009, defining the list electric equipment generating X rays which are hold or used for purposes of biomedical research or medical, dental, forensics or veterinary diagnosis and submitted to a declaration regime on the account of the first paragraph of the article R. 1333-19 of the Public Health code and abrogating the 23 April 1969 order related to equipment and installations using ionizing radiations on medical purposes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This legal document indicates the list of equipment which must now be declared to the ASN (the French Nuclear Safety Authority), specifies that any use of these equipment in conditions other than normal requires an authorization on the account of an article of the Public Health Code. A list of equipment is given which are used in medical and forensics radio-diagnosis, in biomedical research, in dental and veterinary radio-diagnosis

NONE

2010-07-01

404

Study and manufacture of new type individual protective articles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To provide the new type of individual protective articles for the radio-interventional operators. Methods: Designing the most perfect protective articles on the basis of analyzing the corresponding products both at home and abroad, collecting the opinions of the radio-interventional operators and other specialists in line with the principle of safety, lightness, comfort ability and convenience. Results: Series of protective articles including protective hat, neck scarf, glasses, and other clothing were manufactured. Conclusions: these protective articles could ensure safety for the radio-interventional operators, reduce their load and facilitate ratio-interventional operations

2000-12-01

405

An annotated bibliography of selected books and articles on benchmarking  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This bibliography contains 34 references concerning utilizing benchmarking in the management of businesses. Books and articles are both cited. Methods for gathering and utilizing information are emphasized. (GHH)

Allan, F.C. [comp.

1992-01-01

406

Article Omission in Dutch Children with SLI: A Processing Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI show difficulties with grammatical morphology. Based on the data from 12 Dutch children with SLI, an information-theoretical model is proposed in which the noun-article set dependency is modeled as a channel. We propose that reduced capacity of this channel is responsible for article omission. The Kullback-Leibler divergence between input and output distribution of article production provides an index of the channel capacity, which is shown to correlate with the percentage of article omission and to lag behind in SLI development as compared to typically developing children.

Lizet van Ewijk

2010-04-01

407

Anonymous Communication over the Internet. Articles from a Workshop in Stockholm, 2001.  

Science.gov (United States)

The articles presented here resulted from a series of informal workshops held by FOI-the Swedish Defense Research Agency-during 2001 concerning anonymous communication and the Internet. Four areas are covered: a general, social-historical background; a le...

T. Ritchey

2002-01-01

408

Scientific articles of the RBRC/CCAST Symposium on Spin Physics Lattice QCD and RHIC Physics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume comprises scientific articles of the symposium on spin physics, lattice QCD and RHIC physics organized by RIKEN BNL research center (RBRC) and China center of advanced science and technology (CCAST). The talks were discussing the spin structure of nucleons and other problems of RHIC physics

2003-04-07

409

Formative Evaluation Research of Art-Based Supervision in Art Therapy Training  

Science.gov (United States)

Image making is a common component of art therapy supervision but its use has not yet been formally evaluated. This article describes formative evaluation research used to investigate student responses to art-based supervision in which response art was used as a primary method to contain, explore, or express clinical work. Art-based supervision,…

Fish, Barbara J.

2008-01-01

410

What's to the left of the indefinite article? : Et sÃ¥dan et spørgsmÃ¥l er svært at svare pÃ¥  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

One approach to research into the syntax of nominals focuses on parallels between nominals and clauses. Within the generative tradition, the structure of the left periphery of the clause has been well documented as a position for e.g. wh-words and topic and focus (see e.g Rizzi 1997), whereas the left periphery of the nominal has received much less attention. One of the more challenging areas of research within the nominal is the analysis of elements that can occur before the indefinite article, e.g. "such (a book)" and "so interesting (a book)". Another recently studied phenomenon, often taken to be linked to this, is indefinite determiner doubling, i.e. nominal expressions which appear to contain two instances of the indefinite article.

Wood, Johanna; Vikner, Sten

2013-01-01

411

A Review and Analysis of the Article ‘An Evaluation of the Testing Effect with Third Grade Students’  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reviews and analysis the article in four stages. In the first stage, major approaches to educational research are briefly reviewed and the selected article is classified in these terms and the classification is justified. In the second stage, a concise synopsis of the aims, research design and major findings of the article are presented. In the third stage, the main strengths of the selected research as a contribution to policy, practice, knowledge or understanding are explained. And in the final stage, some ways in which the reported research in the selected article could have been improved are suggested, and any difficulties which might have been encountered in following these recommendations will be analysed.

Meisam Rahimi

2013-09-01

412

Measuring the Interestingness of Articles in a Limited User Environment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Search engines, such as Google, assign scores to news articles based on their relevance to a query. However, not all relevant articles for the query may be interesting to a user. For example, if the article is old or yields little new information, the article would be uninteresting. Relevance scores do not take into account what makes an article interesting, which would vary from user to user. Although methods such as collaborative filtering have been shown to be effective in recommendation systems, in a limited user environment, there are not enough users that would make collaborative filtering effective. A general framework, called iScore, is presented for defining and measuring the ‘‘interestingness of articles, incorporating user-feedback. iScore addresses the various aspects of what makes an article interesting, such as topic relevance, uniqueness, freshness, source reputation, and writing style. It employs various methods, such as multiple topic tracking, online parameter selection, language models, clustering, sentiment analysis, and phrase extraction to measure these features. Due to varying reasons that users hold about why an article is interesting, an online feature selection method in na?¨ve Bayes is also used to improve recommendation results. iScore can outperform traditional IR techniques by as much as 50.7%. iScore and its components are evaluated in the news recommendation task using three datasets from Yahoo! News, actual users, and Digg.

Pon, R.; Cardenas, A.; Buttler, David; Critchlow, Terence J.

2011-01-01

413

Using a Case-Study Article to Effectively Introduce Mitosis  

Science.gov (United States)

Community college students in a nonmajors biology class are introduced to mitosis by reading a case-study article that allows them to gauge how many times various parts of their bodies have been regenerated. The case-study article allows students to develop a conceptual framework of the cell cycle prior to a lecture on mitosis. (Contains 1 figure.)

Van Hoewyk, Doug

2007-01-01

414

19 CFR 10.243 - Articles eligible for preferential treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...or 5603 of the HTSUS and are formed in one or more ATPDEA beneficiary countries) or components are in chief value of llama, alpaca, and/or vicuña; (iii) Fabrics or yarns, provided that apparel articles (except articles classifiable under...

2009-04-01

415

50 CFR 14.22 - Certain antique articles.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Fisheries 1 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Certain antique articles. 14.22 Section 14.22 Wildlife and Fisheries...Importation and Exportation at Designated Ports § 14.22 Certain antique articles. Any person may import at any Customs...

2009-10-01

416

Articles in the CLTA Journal, Vols. I-XII.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a bibliography of articles that appeared in the "Chinese Language Teachers Association Journal" during 1966-77. The articles are listed alphabetically by author. The second part of the bibliography is a combined reference of subject and title indexed by "key words." (AMH)

Chin, Tsung

417

The Evolution of the International Business Field : A Scientometric Investigation of Articles Published in its Premier Journal  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Macro-environmental trends such as technological changes, declining trade and investment barriers, and globalizing forces impacting both markets and production worldwide point to the heightened importance of international business (IB) and the relevance of IB research today. Despite this, a leading scholar has expressed concerns that the IB research agenda could be â??running out of steamâ?? (Buckley, Journal of International Business Studies 33(2):365â??373, 2002), prompting on-going introspection within the IB field. We contribute to this debate by investigating the evolution of the IB field through a scientometric examination of articles published in its premier journal, the Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS) from 1970 until 2008. We introduce a new analytical tool, Leximancer, to the fields of international business and scientometry. We show an evolution from an initial and extended emphasis on macro-environmental issues to a more recent focus on micro-economic, firm-level ones with the multinational enterprise (MNE) as an organizational form enduring throughout the entire period. We observe a field that has established a justifiable claim for relevance, participating actively in the interdisciplinary exchange of ideas.

Liesch, Peter W.; HÃ¥kanson, Lars

2011-01-01

418

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

This article features recent research in science teaching and learning. It presents three current articles of interest in life sciences education, as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may be…

Allen, Deborah

2012-01-01

419

How to press-release and take care of expression in articles at press side  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As for the influences of Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake on Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station, we can conclude that 'the safety function of the nuclear power station, that is, 'Shutdown', 'Cooling down' and 'Isolating' functioned as per designed even against earthquake beyond assumption, and fundamental nuclear safety could be assured'. Nevertheless, it is said that one of the causes that harmful rumor had spread was due to mass communication media. In the press reports on some nuclear power station when affected by an earthquake and on trouble in the nuclear power station in the future, we will propose that the publication should be really useful for habitants and citizens and be promoted in the positive and expected direction, in order not to make the same mistake as this time. JSME should aim at implement the above-mentioned proposal under cooperation with other academic societies and organizations. (author)

2008-06-01

420

Shaped articles of cross-linked fluorocarbon polymers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A process is described which comprises (1) contacting (a) a shaped article of a polymeric composition wherein the polymer is a fluorocarbon polymer having a melting point of at least 200"0C, the article having a tensile strength of at least 3,000 psi, with (b) a fluid composition comprising a cross-linking agent, until the article contains at least 2.5% by weight of the cross-linking agent; and (2) irradiating the shaped article with ionising radiation to a dosage not exceeding 50 Mrads under conditions such that the composition is cross-linked sufficiently to impart thereto an M_1_0_0 value of at least 300 psi, while maintaining a tensile strength of at least 3000 psi, the shaped article containing a specified proportion of the cross-linking agent. (author)

1981-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

A Contextual-Bandit Approach to Personalized News Article Recommendation  

CERN Multimedia

Personalized web services strive to adapt their services (advertisements, news articles, etc) to individual users by making use of both content and user information. Despite a few recent advances, this problem remains challenging for at least two reasons. First, web service is featured with dynamically changing pools of content, rendering traditional collaborative filtering methods inapplicable. Second, the scale of most web services of practical interest calls for solutions that are both fast in learning and computation. In this work, we model personalized recommendation of news articles as a contextual bandit problem, a principled approach in which a learning algorithm sequentially selects articles to serve users based on contextual information about the users and articles, while simultaneously adapting its article-selection strategy based on user-click feedback to maximize total user clicks. The contributions of this work are three-fold. First, we propose a new, general contextual bandit algorithm that is ...

Li, Lihong; Langford, John; Schapire, Robert E

2010-01-01

422

[Drugs and health in the Brazilian press: an analysis of articles published in newspapers and magazines].  

Science.gov (United States)

This article analyzes information recently published by the Brazilian press on the use of psychoactive drugs and its implications on health. A sample of 502 newspaper and magazine articles published in 1998 was researched using content analysis. The drugs most frequently featured in the headlines were tobacco (18.1%), coca-derived drugs (9.2%), marijuana (9.2%), alcoholic beverages (8.6%), and anabolic steroids (7.4%). Solvents were featured in only one article, although they are the most commonly used drug in Brazil, second only to alcohol and tobacco. These data indicate an imbalance between the journalistic approach and the epidemiological profile of psychoactive drug consumption in Brazil. Dependence was the most frequent consequence mentioned in the articles (46%), followed by violence (9.2%), withdrawal syndrome (8.0%), and AIDS (6.8%). The focus of the articles varied according to the drug in question. While articles on marijuana focused on its therapeutic use and legalization, those on cocaine-related issues discussed both the damage caused by consumption as well as various interventions (treatment and repression). PMID:12700785

Noto, Ana Regina; Baptista, Murilo C; Faria, Silene T; Nappo, Solange A; Galduróz, José Carlos F; Carlini, Elisaldo A

2003-01-01

423

19 CFR 134.25 - Containers or holders for repacked J-list articles and articles incapable of being marked.  

Science.gov (United States)

...J-list articles and articles incapable of being marked. 134.25 Section 134.25 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER...ORIGIN MARKING Marking of Containers or Holders § 134.25 Containers or holders for repacked J-list...

2010-04-01

424

Method for removal of beryllium contamination from an article  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A method of removal of beryllium contamination from an article is disclosed. The method typically involves dissolving polyisobutylene in a solvent such as hexane to form a tackifier solution, soaking the substrate in the tackifier to produce a preform, and then drying the preform to produce the cleaning medium. The cleaning media are typically used dry, without any liquid cleaning agent to rub the surface of the article and remove the beryllium contamination below a non-detect level. In some embodiments no detectible residue is transferred from the cleaning wipe to the article as a result of the cleaning process.

Simandl, Ronald F.; Hollenbeck, Scott M.

2012-12-25

425

Articles with short titles describing the results are cited more often  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate some features of article titles from open access journals and to assess the possible impact of these titles on predicting the number of article views and citations. METHODS: Research articles (n = 423, published in October 2008 from all Public Library of Science (PLoS journals and from 12 Biomed Central (BMC journals were evaluated. Publication metrics (views and citations were analyzed in December 2011. The titles were classified according to their contents, namely methods-describing titles and results-describing titles. The number of title characters, title typology, the use of a question mark, reference to a specific geographical region, and the use of a colon or a hyphen separating different ideas within a sentence were analyzed to identify predictors of views and citations. A logistic regression model was used to identify independent title characteristics that could predict citation rates. RESULTS: Short-titled articles had higher viewing and citation rates than those with longer titles. Titles containing a question mark, containing a reference to a specific geographical region, and that used a colon or a hyphen were associated with a lower number of citations. Articles with results-describing titles were cited more often than those with methods-describing titles. After multivariate analysis, only a low number of characters and title typology remained as predictors of the number of citations. CONCLUSIONS: Some features of article titles can help predict the number of article views and citation counts. Short titles presenting results or conclusions were independently associated with higher citation counts. The findings presented here could be used by authors, reviewers, and editors to maximize the impact of articles in the scientific community.

Carlos Eduardo Paiva

2012-01-01

426

Articles with short titles describing the results are cited more often  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate some features of article titles from open access journals and to assess the possible impact of these titles on predicting the number of article views and citations. METHODS: Research articles (n = 423, published in October 2008) from all Public Librar [...] y of Science (PLoS) journals and from 12 Biomed Central (BMC) journals were evaluated. Publication metrics (views and citations) were analyzed in December 2011. The titles were classified according to their contents, namely methods-describing titles and results-describing titles. The number of title characters, title typology, the use of a question mark, reference to a specific geographical region, and the use of a colon or a hyphen separating different ideas within a sentence were analyzed to identify predictors of views and citations. A logistic regression model was used to identify independent title characteristics that could predict citation rates. RESULTS: Short-titled articles had higher viewing and citation rates than those with longer titles. Titles containing a question mark, containing a reference to a specific geographical region, and that used a colon or a hyphen were associated with a lower number of citations. Articles with results-describing titles were cited more often than those with methods-describing titles. After multivariate analysis, only a low number of characters and title typology remained as predictors of the number of citations. CONCLUSIONS: Some features of article titles can help predict the number of article views and citation counts. Short titles presenting results or conclusions were independently associated with higher citation counts. The findings presented here could be used by authors, reviewers, and editors to maximize the impact of articles in the scientific community.

Carlos Eduardo, Paiva; João Paulo da Silveira Nogueira, Lima; Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro, Paiva.

427

Expressive Costume Portraits  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes how contemporary costumes, expressive techniques, and mixed media can take "the ordinary" out of figure studies. To pique student interest and create a meaningful figurative study, students are instructed to bring in their latest fashion accessories (hats, shawls, neck warmers, denim jackets, etc.), or shop the local thrift…

Lott, Debra

2008-01-01

428

Transdisciplinary Research and Evaluation for Community Health Initiatives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Transdisciplinary research and evaluation projects provide valuable opportunities to collaborate on interventions to improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities. Given team members’ diverse backgrounds and roles or responsibilities in such projects, members’ perspectives are significant in strengthening a project’s infrastructure and improving its organizational functioning. This article presents an evaluation mechanism that allows team members to express the succes...

Harper, Gary W.; Neubauer, Leah C.; Bangi, Audrey K.; Francisco, Vincent T.

2008-01-01

429

The Art of Critically Reviewing a Medical Article  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Annually about 6 million articles related to the field of medicine are published worldwide. However, only 15% of these are of any use. Average quality score of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is <50%.

Ld, Mishra; Ankit Agarwal

2010-01-01

430

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1995 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1995-12-31

431

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1994 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1994-12-31

432

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1989 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1989-12-31

433

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1990 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1990-12-31

434

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1996 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1996-12-31

435

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1991 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1991-12-31

436

Fuel Elements. Kinetics of Electrode Processes (Collection Of Articles).  

Science.gov (United States)

The collection contains survey articles on the theory of work of fuel elements allowing direct conversion of chemical energy of fuel into electrical. Methods of macroscopic description of porous electrodes are considered taking into account a large number...

Y. A. Chizmadzhev Y. G. Chirkov V. S. Markin N. A. Fedotov I. G. Gurevich

1970-01-01

437

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1987 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1987-12-31

438

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1986 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1986-12-31

439

19 CFR 10.213 - Articles eligible for preferential treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...beneficiary countries; (8) Apparel articles, other than brassieres classifiable under subheading 6212.10, HTSUS, that are...less than 1 inch in width and are used in the production of brassieres), zippers (including zipper tapes), labels, and...

2009-04-01

440

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1993 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1993-12-31

 
 
 
 
441

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1997 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1997-12-31

442

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1992 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1992-12-31

443

IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1988 issues of ``boletin iie``  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

NONE

1988-12-31