WorldWideScience

Sample records for research article expression

  1. Expressing Certainty in Discussion Sections of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobakhti, Leila

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates how boosters are used by qualitative and quantitative research article writers to express certainty. Boosters are words such as "definitely," "sure," "demonstrate" which signal writers' assurance in what they say. Drawing on a corpus of 200 research articles in Applied Linguistics, this…

  2. A Comparative Genre Analysis of Hedging Expressions in Research Articles: Is Fuzziness Forever Wicked?

    OpenAIRE

    Biook Behnam; Amin Naeimi; Ali Darvishzade

    2012-01-01

    Scientific writers might not inevitably be exact, precise and explicit in expression, eschewing vulnerability to criticism and seeking acceptability form academia. The present study aimed at investigating the frequency, form and function of the multi-objective linguistic and rhetorical device of hedging in the discussion sections of 100 qualitative and quantitative research articles where appropriate expression of scientific claims is highly welcome. As such, the taxonomy proposed by Hyland (...

  3. [Reading research articles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Graaf, Yolanda; Zaat, Joost

    2015-01-01

    Keeping up with the latest developments is not easy, but neither is reading articles on research. There are too many medical journals that contain information that is irrelevant to clinical practice. From this mass of articles you have to decide which are important for your own clinical practice and which are not. Most articles naturally fall into the latter category as spectacular findings with important consequences for medical practice do not occur every week. The most important thing in a research article is the research question. If you begin with this, then you can put aside much scientific literature. The methodology section is essential; reading this can save you a lot of time. In this article we take you step-by-step through the process of reading research articles. The articles in our Methodology series can be used as background information. These articles have been combined in a tablet app, which is available via www.ntvg.nl/methodologie. PMID:26058770

  4. A contrastive analysis of the use of modal verbs in the expression of epistemic stance in Business Management research articles in English and Spanish

    OpenAIRE

    Ignacio Vázquez Orta

    2010-01-01

    In the present paper an intercultural quantitative and qualitative analysis of the use of modal verbs as epistemic stance markers in SERAC (Spanish-English Research Article Corpus), a corpus of research articles (RAs) in different disciplines, is carried out. The corpus selected for this research consists of 48 Business Management research articles. Special emphasis is laid on the introduction and discussion sections of RAs, where stance devices are most frequently located to pursue convergen...

  5. Expression Profiling in Alcoholism Research

    OpenAIRE

    BERGESON, SUSAN E.; Berman, Ari E.; Dodd, Peter R.; Edenberg, Howard J; Hitzemann, Robert J.; Lewohl, Joanne M.; Lodowski, Kerrie H; Sommer, Wolfgang H.

    2005-01-01

    This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2004 International Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism in Mannheim, Germany, organized and co-chaired by Susan E. Bergeson and Wolfgang Sommer. The presentations and presenter were (1) Gene Expression in Brains of Alcohol-Preferring and Non-Preferring Rats, by Howard J. Edenberg (2) Candidate Treatment Targets for Alcoholism: Leads from Functional Genomics Approaches, by Wolfgang Sommer (3) Microarray Analysis of Acute an...

  6. Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative article

  7. Interactional Metadiscourse in Research Article Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillaerts, Paul; Van de Velde, Freek

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with interpersonality in research article abstracts analysed in terms of interactional metadiscourse. The evolution in the distribution of three prominent interactional markers comprised in Hyland's (2005a) model, viz. hedges, boosters and attitude markers, is investigated in three decades of abstract writing in the field of…

  8. Preoperative antisepsis: critiquing a research article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipp, Allyson; Edwards, Peggy

    2010-11-01

    A critique of a research article on preoperative skin antisepsis was undertaken using a recognised framework. This critique drew out issues which may be of use for clinicians in making a judgement regarding implementing change into their clinical practice. PMID:21162355

  9. Scientific quality of original research articles on environmental tobacco smoke

    OpenAIRE

    Barnes, D. E.; Bero, L. A.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the scientific quality of original research articles on the health effects of environmental tobacco smoke; to determine whether poor article quality is associated with publication in non-peer-reviewed symposium proceedings or with other article characteristics. DESIGN: Cross sectional study of original research articles on the health effects of environmental tobacco smoke published in peer reviewed journals and non-peer-reviewed symposium proceedings from 1980 to ...

  10. Criticism and Interpretation: Teaching the Persuasive Aspects of Research Articles

    OpenAIRE

    Gillen, Christopher M.

    2006-01-01

    Research articles are an excellent tool for promoting active learning about the scientific process. One difficulty in teaching research articles is that they address a professional audience and often seek to be persuasive as well as informative. This essay discusses pedagogical strategies that are intended to help students differentiate the purely informative aspects of research articles, such as descriptions of the methods and results, from the persuasive aspects, suc...

  11. Criticism and Interpretation: Teaching the Persuasive Aspects of Research Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillen, Christopher M.

    2006-01-01

    Research articles are an excellent tool for promoting active learning about the scientific process. One difficulty in teaching research articles is that they address a professional audience and often seek to be persuasive as well as informative. This essay discusses pedagogical strategies that are intended to help students differentiate the purely…

  12. Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saracho, Olivia N.

    2013-01-01

    Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

  13. Validation of a new assessment tool for qualitative research articles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Lone; Høstrup, Helle; Lyngsø, Elin Egholm; Larsen, Susan; Poulsen, Ingrid

    2012-01-01

    schou l., høstrup h., lyngsø e.e., larsen s. & poulsen i. (2011) Validation of a new assessment tool for qualitative research articles. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05898.x ABSTRACT: Aim.? This paper presents the development and validation of a new assessment tool for qualitative research articles, which could assess trustworthiness of qualitative research articles as defined by Guba and at the same time aid clinicians in their assessment. Background.?...

  14. Validation of a new assessment tool for qualitative research articles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Lone; HØstrup, Helle

    2012-01-01

    schou l., høstrup h., lyngsø e.e., larsen s. & poulsen i. (2011) Validation of a new assessment tool for qualitative research articles. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05898.x ABSTRACT: Aim.? This paper presents the development and validation of a new assessment tool for qualitative research articles, which could assess trustworthiness of qualitative research articles as defined by Guba and at the same time aid clinicians in their assessment. Background.? There are more than 100 sets of proposals for quality criteria for qualitative research. However, we are not aware of an assessment tool that is validated and applicable, not only for researchers but also for clinicians with different levels of training and experience in reading research articles. Method.? In three phases from 2007 to 2009 we delevoped and tested such an assessment tool called VAKS, which is the Danish acronym for Appraisal of Qualitative Studies. Phase 1 was to develop the tool based on a literature review and on consultation with qualitative researchers. Phase 2 was an inter-rater reliability test in which 40 health professionals participated. Phase 3 was an inter-rater reliability test among the five authors by means of five qualitative articles. Results.? The new assessment tool was based on Guba's four criteria for assessing the trustworthiness of qualitative inquiries. The nurses found the assessment tool simple to use and helpful in assessing the quality of the articles. The inter-rater agreement was acceptable, but disagreement was seen for some items. Conclusion.? We have developed an assessment tool for appraisal of qualitative research studies. Nurses with a range of formal education and experience in reading research articles are able to appraise, relatively consistently, articles based on different qualitative research designs. We hope that VAKS will be used and further developed.

  15. Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

    2002-01-01

    This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

  16. Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Moving from Results to Conclusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiying, Yang; Allison, Desmond

    2003-01-01

    Examines how selected research articles reporting empirical investigations in applied linguistic proceed from first presenting results to eventually offering final conclusions or some other form of closure. (Author/VWL)

  17. JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION UNDER VIJAYANAGAR EMPIRE (RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeevkumar T. Tandle

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Monarchy was the usual form of government in the medieval ages. Even in Europe and in Asiatic states outside India, this was the only form of Government the medieval king was necessarily the “Leviathan” of Hobbes enjoying all the “Divine Rights”. The central Government during the middle ages was only the apparition of the ruling kings. The king, as it were, was the revolving moon round the earth. He gave brightness and guided all the deliberations. Monarchy, however, was not absolute. Public opinion was a potent factor. But it cannot be denied that judicial administration during the medieval period was highly centralized. The king was the fountainhead of justice and decided most of the important cases personally. Even prominent officials and nobles were permitted to go unpunished for their acts of highhandedness and crimes, by the strong rulers who ruled the Vijayangara kingdom to understand the overall administrative nature of the kingdom. With this objective, the present article intends to portray the picture of judicial administration in Vijayanagara kingdom.

  18. Description of research design of articles published in four Brazilian physical therapy journals

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bruno T., Saragiotto; Lucíola C. M., Costa; Ronaldo F., Oliveira; Alexandre D., Lopes; Anne M., Moseley; Leonardo O. P., Costa.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background : While the research design of articles published in medical journals and in some physical therapy journals has already been evaluated, this has not been investigated in Brazilian physical therapy journals. Objective : To describe the research design used in all articles published in [...] Brazilian scientific journals that are freely available, have high Qualis rankings, and are relevant to physical therapy over a 7-year period. Method : We extracted the bibliometric data, research design, research type (human or animal), and clinical area for all articles published. The articles were grouped into their level of evidence, and descriptive analyses were performed. We calculated the frequency, proportions of articles, and 95% confidence interval of these proportions with each research design in each journal. We cross-tabulated the clinical areas with research designs (expressed as number and percentages). Results : A total of 1,458 articles from four Brazilian journals were found: Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, Revista Fisioterapia em Movimento, Revista Fisioterapia e Pesquisa, and Revista Acta Fisiátrica. The majority of articles were classified as level II of evidence (60%), followed by level III (29%) and level I (10%). The most prevalent research designs were cross-sectional studies (38%), single-case or case-series studies, and narrative reviews. Most articles reported human research and were in the musculoskeletal, neurologic, and cardiothoracic areas. Conclusions : Most of the research published in Brazilian physical therapy journals used levels II and III of evidence. Increasing the publication rate of systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials would provide more high-quality evidence to guide evidence-based physical therapy practice.

  19. Fifty most-cited articles in anterior cruciate ligament research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voleti, Pramod B; Tjoumakaris, Fotios P; Rotmil, Gayle; Freedman, Kevin B

    2015-04-01

    The number of times an article has been cited in the peer-reviewed literature is indicative of its impact on its respective medical specialty. No study has used citation analysis to determine the most influential studies pertaining to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The primary aims of this study were to identify the classic works in ACL research using citation analysis and to characterize these articles to determine which types of studies have had the most influence on the field. A systematic query of ISI Web of Science (Thomson Reuters, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was performed for articles pertaining to the ACL, and the 50 most-cited articles were selected for evaluation. The following characteristics were determined for each article: number of citations, citation density, journal, publication year, country of origin, language, article type, article subtype, and level of evidence. The number of citations ranged from 219 to 1073 (mean, 326), and the citation densities ranged from 4.9 to 55.6 citations per year (mean, 18.2). All articles were published in 1 of 11 journals, with the most being published in The American Journal of Sports Medicine (46%) and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery American (30%). The most common decades of publication were the 1990s (34%), 1980s (28%), and 2000s (26%). The majority (68%) of articles originated from the United States, and all were written in English. By article type, 42% were basic science, and 58% were clinical. Of the clinical articles, 3% were Level I, 17% were Level II, 28% were Level III, and 52% were Level IV. The articles were heterogeneous with regard to article type, article subtype, and level of evidence and tended to have the following characteristics: high-impact journal of publication, recent publication year, US origin, English language, and low level of evidence. These works represent some of the most popular scientific contributions to ACL research. This list may aid residency and fellowship programs in the compilation of articles for trainee reading curriculums. PMID:25901623

  20. Hedging and Boosting in English and Indonesian Research Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjaya, I Nyoman Suka

    2013-01-01

    The present cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary study was aimed at exploring the similarities and differences between English and Indonesian research articles from the disciplines of applied linguistics and chemistry in terms of frequency of usage of hedges (e.g. "perhaps," "may") and boosters (e.g. "clearly,"…

  1. First-Year Students Benefit from Reading Primary Research Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenk, Laura; Tronsky, Loel

    2011-01-01

    Primary research articles discuss aspects of scientific inquiry that are important in understanding the nature of science. Yet, most introductory science courses use textbooks that ignore the scientific process; opportunities for explicit discussion of the nature of science are lost. In Hampshire College's science program, students read current…

  2. How to write research articles in computing and engineering disciplines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veljko Milutinovi?

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article advocates a general way of presenting research articles on any topic and in any field related to computer science, information technology, and engineering disciplines. The key advice to a successful presentation is to repeat the description of main contribution four times: in the title, abstract, introduction (or chapter 1 and in the text. That is, to make readable, appealing, and as complete as possible versions of the work using the order of 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 words. This corresponds to the decreasing portion of readers for corresponding parts of the article. To the extent possible, each of these parts should address, in this order: the problem statement, existing solutions, the new solution(s, assumptions and limitations, analysis, simulation and comparison with best competing solutions

  3. Investigating the root causes of duplicate publication in research articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adibi, Payman; Kianpour, Maryam; Shirani, Shahin

    2015-01-01

    Duplicate publication is the republication of an article in which a lot of important parts overlap with the published copy. This issue is nearly at the top of the list of subjects, which medical journal editors discuss. this study was conducted with the purpose of investigating the publication patterns and determining it's root causes in research articles in the Isfahan University of Medical Science and to find a solution to prevent it. In a cross sectional study, All the discovered cases of duplicate publication, which were referred to the ethics committee of the Isfahan University of Medical Science during 2005-2008 were selected to be investigated through a descriptive method. After confirmation about the case of a duplicate publication, the requisite investigation was conducted through interviews and review of the correspondence and documentaries, and then, a radical line was charted. After investigating the cases and classifying the radical causes and incidents, categorization and definition of duplicate publication are presented. Eight out of nine republished articles belonged to the first category of Baily's index (copy publication) and one was in the third category (minimum publishable unit: Salami slicing). The results of the present article indicate that, the scientific community of the country is not yet familiar with the professional principles of scientific and research affairs. According to the results of this investigation, it is recommended to take official action against duplicate publication cases, violation of copyright, and also to have strict instructions against this unethical practice. PMID:25861659

  4. Writing business research article abstracts: A genre approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Piqué-Noguera

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A great deal has been published about oral and written genres in business (e.g., letters, research articles, oral presentations, etc., and less attention has been paid to business research article abstracts as a written genre, as many experts would argue. This research intends to raise rhetorical awareness about the role of abstracts in today’s academic world. To this effect, the abstracts of two official publications of the Association of Business Communication, Journal of Business Communication and Business Communication Quarterly, have been analyzed and compared in terms of structure and content according to models published in the specialized literature. The results show an irregular and inconsistent presentation of abstracts, a good number of them following no set pattern and thus lacking in important information for researchers. These findings suggest, first of all, that abstracts have a specific mission to fulfil and should not be disregarded; and, secondly, that journal guidelines for authors should be more explicit in their instructions on how to write and structure abstracts.

  5. Collaborative Work as an Alternative for Writing Research Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Emilce Carvajal Medina

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Academic writing in English in our context is a significant aspect that can be innovative when a convergence model of writing stages is used along with collaborative work. This article reports on a study aimed at analyzing how collaborative work relates to undergraduate electronics students’ academic writing development in English as a foreign language at a Colombian university, following some specific writing stages. Field notes, students’ artifacts, and semi-structured interviews were the instruments used to gather information. The results showed that writing is achievable if students can follow stages and receive feedback from the teacher. Additionally, collaborative work allowed students to write research articles in an easy and dynamic way.

  6. The availability of research data declines rapidly with article age

    CERN Document Server

    Vines, Timothy; Andrew, Rose; Debarré, Florence; Bock, Dan; Franklin, Michelle; Gilbert, Kimberley; Moore, Jean-Sébastien; Renaut, Sébastien; Rennison, Diana J

    2013-01-01

    Policies ensuring that research data are available on public archives are increasingly being implemented at the government [1], funding agency [2-4], and journal [5,6] level. These policies are predicated on the idea that authors are poor stewards of their data, particularly over the long term [7], and indeed many studies have found that authors are often unable or unwilling to share their data [8-11]. However, there are no systematic estimates of how the availability of research data changes with time since publication. We therefore requested datasets from a relatively homogenous set of 516 articles published between 2 and 22 years ago, and found that availability of the data was strongly affected by article age. For papers where the authors gave the status of their data, the odds of a dataset being extant fell by 17% per year. In addition, the odds that we could find a working email address for the first, last or corresponding author fell by 7% per year. Our results reinforce the notion that, in the long te...

  7. Research Article Introductions in Chinese and English: A Comparative Genre-Based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loi, Chek Kim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the rhetorical organisation of English and Chinese research article introductions in the field of educational psychology using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) framework of move analysis. A corpus of 40 research articles (20 Chinese and 20 English) was selected. The English research articles, written by first-language…

  8. Open Access to Research Articles and Data: Library Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Heather

    2015-08-01

    Over the past decade, a handful of key developments have caused scholars and researchers to rethink not only the way they conduct their work, but also the way in which they communicate it to others. The advent of the Internet has provided unprecedented opportunities for immediate, cost effective global connectivity, opening up new possibilities for collaboration and communication. This has resulted in scholarship increasingly being conducted in the online environment, and a vast amount of new digital information being generated and made widely available to those interested in using it. Additionally, the Internet is a dynamic environment, with new channels for producing and sharing information in a myriad of formats emerging frequently.In higher education, the momentum of the burgeoning movement towards "open" sharing of information of all kinds continues to gain traction. In particular, advancements in the areas of opening up access to articles and reserch data are increasingly visible. In both of these areas, academic and research libraries are playing important, central roles in promoting the awareness of the potential costs and benefits of a more open research environment, as well as defining new roles for libraries in this digital environment.As this push for grater openness continues, these fronts are intersecting in interesting and potentially transformative ways. The Open Access and Open Data movements share fundamental philosophical commonalities that make collaboration a natural outcome. Both movements place a premium on reducing barriers to discovering and accessing pertinent digital information. Perhaps even more significantly, both explicitly recognize that enabling productive use of digital information is key to unlocking its full value. As a result of these shared priorities, there are a wide variety of common strategies that libraries can take to help advance research, presenting new opportunities for deeper collaboration to take place.This talk will explore what is happening in these "open" movements from both a practical and policy standpoint; how this might directly impact academia, the research community, and especially, libraries.

  9. Commenting on Findings in Qualitative and Quantitative Research Articles’ Discussion Sections in Applied Linguistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Dobakhti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Research articles have received a wide interest in discourse studies particularly in genre analysis over the last few decades. A vast number of studies have focused on identifying the organizational patterns of research articles in various fields. However, to date, no study has been conducted on generic structure of qualitative and quantitative research articles. This study investigates the importance of commenting on findings in Discussion section of qualitative and quantitative research articles and the strategies that these two types of articles employ in making comments. The analysis shows that while commenting on findings is an important feature in both sets of articles, different strategies of commenting are favored in each type of articles. The differences can be attributed to the different epistemology of qualitative and quantitative research.Keywords: genre analysis, qualitative research, quantitative research, commenting on findings

  10. Research Output from CPTC highlighted in recent articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posted on December 07, 2010 In the special December issue of Proteomics Clinical Applications, two articles focus directly on scientific outputs from CPTC. A Viewpoint article, authored by Participants of a Wellcome Trust/EBI meeting and retreat (Patterson

  11. Open Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact Than Articles Not Freely Available, A review of: Antelman, Kristin. “Do Open-Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact?” College & Research Libraries 65.5 (Sep. 2004: 372-82.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne P. Lewis

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To ascertain whether open access articles have a greater research impact than articles not freely available, as measured by citations in the ISI Web of Science database. Design – Analysis of mean citation rates of a sample population of journal articles across four disciplines. Setting – Journal literature across the disciplines of philosophy, political science, mathematics, and electrical and electronic engineering. Subjects – A sample of 2,017 articles across the four disciplines published between 2001 and 2002 (for political science, mathematics, and electrical and electronic engineering and between 1999 and 2000 (for philosophy. Methods – A systematic presample of articles for each of the disciplines was taken to calculate the necessary sample sizes. Based on this calculation, articles were sourced from ten leading journals in each discipline. The leading journals in political science, mathematics, and electrical and electronic engineering were defined by ISI’s Journal Citation Reports for 2002. The ten leading philosophy journals were selected using a combination of other methods. Once the sample population had been identified, each article title and the number of citations to each article (in the ISI Web of Science database were recorded. Then the article title was searched in Google and if any freely available full text version was found, the article was classified as open access. The mean citation rate for open access and non?open access articles in each discipline was identified, and the percentage difference between the means was calculated. Main results – The four disciplines represented a range of open access uptake: 17% of articles in philosophy were open access, 29% in political science, 37% in electrical and electronic engineering, and 69% in mathematics. There was a significant difference in the mean citation rates for open access articles and non?open access articles in all four disciplines. The percentage difference in means was 45% in philosophy, 51% in electrical and electronic engineering, 86% in political science, and 91% in mathematics. Mathematics had the highest rate of open access availability of articles, but political science had the greatest difference in mean citation rates, suggesting there are other, discipline?specific factors apart from rate of open access uptake affecting research impact. Conclusion – The finding that, across these four disciplines, open access articles have a greater research impact than non?open access articles, is only one aspect of the complex changes that are presently taking place in scholarly publishing and communication. However, it is useful information for librarians formulating strategies for building institutional repositories, or exploring open access publishing with patrons or publishers.

  12. Construction of research articles in the leading interdisciplinary accounting journals

    OpenAIRE

    De Villiers, Charl Johannes; Dumay, John

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE– The purpose of this paper is to examine the construction of articles published in three highly ranked interdisciplinary accounting journals. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH – The analysis is based on articles published during 2010 in Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal (AAAJ), Accounting, Organizations and Society (AOS) and Critical Perspectives on Accounting (CPA). The authors develop a framework and examine characteristics of the published articles, including t...

  13. Learning to Appraise the Quality of Qualitative Research Articles: A Contextualized Learning Object for Constructing Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenail, Ronald J.

    2011-01-01

    Helping beginning qualitative researchers critically appraise qualitative research articles is a common learning objective for introductory methodology courses. To aid students in achieving competency in appraising the quality of qualitative research articles, a multi-part activity incorporating the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme's (CASP)…

  14. How Elsevier's Article of the Future supports researchers in the digital era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keall, B.

    2012-04-01

    The first phase of Elsevier's Article of the Future article format was released on SciVerse ScienceDirect in January 2012. While this new format for online scholarly articles brings a significantly improved online presentation, it also enables further enhancements in terms of domain-specific content and contextualization of research results. Of particular interest to the Earth Sciences research community are the seamless integration of an interactive map viewer that displays author-submitted KML files inside the article, and real-time links to leading research data portals like Pangaea and Earthchem. These enhancements allow for a richer form of communication between authors and readers, and present researchers with valuable additional information in the context of the article. In this presentaion I will review these ongoing efforts to enhance online articles in the digital era.

  15. Research Article Introductions in English for Specific Purposes: A Comparison between Brazilian Portuguese and English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirano, Eliana

    2009-01-01

    This paper compares the rhetorical organization of research article introductions in Brazilian Portuguese and in English within a subfield of Applied Linguistics. Using Swales' (1990) CARS model as an analytical tool, this exploratory study investigated 20 research articles. The findings indicate that introductions in Brazilian Portuguese tend to…

  16. Examining the Impact of Chemistry Education Research Articles from 2007 through 2013 by Citation Counts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Li; Lewis, Scott E.; Raker, Jeffrey R.; Oueini, Razanne

    2015-01-01

    Evaluating the impact of Chemistry Education Research articles has historically centered on the impact factor of the publishing journal. With the advent of electronic journal indices, it is possible to determine the impact of individual research articles by the number of citations it has received. However, in a relatively new discipline, such as…

  17. Quantifying the Burden of Writing Research Articles in a Second Language: Data from Mexican Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanauer, David I.; Englander, Karen

    2011-01-01

    This article provides quantitative data to establish the relative, perceived burden of writing research articles in English as a second language. Previous qualitative research has shown that scientists writing English in a second language face difficulties but has not established parameters for the degree of this difficulty. A total of 141…

  18. Study on Lexical Cohesion in English and Persian Research Articles (A Comparative Study)

    OpenAIRE

    Fatemeh Mirzapour; Maryam Ahmadi

    2011-01-01

    The present study aims to analyze comparatively English and Persian research articles (Linguistics, Literature, and Library and Information disciplines) in terms of number and degree of utilization of sub-types of lexical cohesion in order to appreciate textualization processes in the two languages concerned. The study analyzes 60 research articles (30 articles in each language) in terms of sub-types of lexical cohesion. The study reveals that the order of occurrence in descending order of su...

  19. Methodological Orientation of Research Articles Appearing in Higher Education Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Sherri E.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the methodologies authors in higher education journals used to obtain knowledge in their fields. This study looked at five peer reviewed journals of higher education and analyzed the methods of research employed by the authors to help them answer their respective research questions. The methods of…

  20. Research development of the relationship between thymidine phosphorylase expression and colorectal carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Min Zhang

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Thymidine phosphorylase (TP is a key enzyme that contributes to the composition and decomposition of pyrimidine nucleotides. TP seems homologous to platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor, and its effects on inducing vascularization and anti-apoptosis are closely related to growth and metastasis of colorectal carcinoma. In addition, TP is a key enzyme that catalyzes the transformation from 5-fluorouracil (FU prodrugs of 5?-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5?-DFUR to 5-FU. The activity of TP is closely related to the sensitivity of colorectal carcinoma cells to fluorouracil drugs and targeted therapy. Given the important functions of TP in growth, metastasis, tumor treatment, and prognosis, determining its expression mechanism is significant. This article summarizes the research development of TP expression in colorectal carcinoma, tumor neovascularization, cytotoxicity activation of 5?-DFUR, and colorectal carcinoma therapy.

  1. A Corpus-Based Syntactic Study of Medical Research Article Titles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Bai, Yongquan

    2007-01-01

    English titles of medical research articles (RAs) are of great importance, the quality of which can, to a certain degree, affect impact factors of the articles, because many readers will make a decision as to whether to read on after reading titles. However, the special genre has not been extensively studied to date. This paper is designed to…

  2. The Theoretical Research Article as a Reflection of Disciplinary Practices: The Case of Pure Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuteeva, Maria; McGrath, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have seen an interest in the generic structure of empirical research articles across a variety of disciplines. However, significantly less attention has been given to theoretical articles. This study aims to begin to address this imbalance by presenting the results of an investigation into the organizational and rhetorical structure…

  3. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: The first six months and the introduction of article processing charges

    OpenAIRE

    Jones Hazel C

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Article processing charges (APCs) have recently been introduced for authors submitting papers to Cerebrospinal Fluid Research. This editorial is to inform readers about the need and use of APCs and about the advantages of free open access publishing.

  4. Quality of abstracts of original research articles in CMAJ in 1989.

    OpenAIRE

    Narine, L; Yee, D S; Einarson, T R; Ilersich, A L

    1991-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the quality of abstracts of original research articles. DESIGN: Blind, criterion-based survey. SAMPLE: Systematic sample of 33 abstracts of original research articles published in CMAJ in 1989. MEASUREMENT: The quality of abstracts was measured against a checklist of evaluation criteria, which were divided into eight categories. A score for each abstract was obtained by dividing the number of criteria present by the number applicable. The overall mean score was also deter...

  5. Evaluative Functions of Reporting Evidentials in English Research Articles of Applied Linguistics

    OpenAIRE

    Linxiu Yang

    2013-01-01

    Reporting evidentials are frequently used in Research Articles. Based on the data analysis of 50 English research articles of applied linguistics, the study shows that reporting evidentials not only function as indicating the information sources, but also have multiple evaluative functions. The analyses have proved this by showing the evaluative functions of reporting evidential in choosing different information sources and different realization forms. At the same time the persuasive effects ...

  6. Paternal environmental exposures and gene expression during spermatogenesis: research review to research framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Deborah A

    2008-06-01

    The primary objective is to review Dioxin toxicity, the potential impact on spermatogenesis, what is known and unknown about paternal exposures, and the potential mechanisms whereby paternal preconception exposures result in neural tube defects (NTD). The secondary goal is to suggest a versatile research framework utilizing gene expression microarray to evaluate the impact of acute, intermittent, and chronic paternal exposures to environmental agents on gene expression during the stages of spermatogenesis. There are multiple barriers to establishing a paradigm whereby paternal environmental exposures result in adverse birth outcomes. Microarray expression studies are unique in their ability to detect transcription dysregulation, thereby facilitating the identification of molecular and developmental pathways through hierarchical and pathway analysis. To date there are no studies of gene expression during spermatogenesis following exposure to environmental agents. PMID:18546338

  7. Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vos, Winnok H.; Beghuin, Didier; Schwarz, Christian J.; Jones, David B.; van Loon, Jack J. W. A.; Bereiter-Hahn, Juergen; Stelzer, Ernst H. K.

    2014-10-01

    As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy.

  8. Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Vos, Winnok H., E-mail: winnok.devos@uantwerpen.be [Laboratory of Cell Biology and Histology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp (Belgium); Cell Systems and Imaging Research Group, Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium); Beghuin, Didier [Lambda-X, Nivelles (Belgium); Schwarz, Christian J. [European Space Agency (ESA), ESTEC, TEC-MMG, Noordwijk (Netherlands); Jones, David B. [Institute for Experimental Orthopaedics and Biomechanics, Philipps University, Marburg (Germany); Loon, Jack J. W. A. van [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery/Oral Pathology, VU University Medical Center and Department of Oral Cell Biology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Bereiter-Hahn, Juergen; Stelzer, Ernst H. K. [Physical Biology, BMLS (FB15, IZN), Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2014-10-15

    As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy.

  9. Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy

  10. Communication research in Spain, 1998-2007. An analysis of articles published in Spanish communication journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enric Saperas-Lapiedra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The growth of communication research in Spain in the last decade contrasts with the scarcity of works trying to describe and assess the quality of this research. Attempting to address this problem, this article presents a quantitative content analysis of all the articles published in four years between 1998 and 2007 (1998, 2002, 2003 and 2007 by four of the most important Spanish communication journals, with a total sample of 285 articles, of which 235 are from authors working in Spanish universities or research centres. Results show that the Spanish communication researchers are basically interested in the study of Journalism, and more specifically in the analysis of news discourses. Another finding is that most research is empirically-oriented, but by and large lacks methodological rigour. These deficiencies were decreasing during the period under analysis, but increased once again in the works published more recently.

  11. Using Propensity Score Analysis for Making Causal Claims in Research Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Haiyan

    2011-01-01

    The central role of the propensity score analysis (PSA) in observational studies is for causal inference; as such, PSA is often used for making causal claims in research articles. However, there are still some issues for researchers to consider when making claims of causality using PSA results. This summary first briefly reviews PSA, followed by…

  12. A Collection of NIDA NOTES. Articles That Address Research on Heroin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.

    Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on heroin research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuses (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. Titles include: Buprenorphine Taken Three Times Per Week Is as Effective as Daily Doses in Treating Heroin Addiction; 33-Year Study Finds Lifelong, Lethal Consequences…

  13. Analyzing research article introductions by Iranian and native English-speaking authors of Applied Linguistics

    OpenAIRE

    Shahriari Ahmadi, Hesamoddin; Behzad GHONSOOLY; Hosseini Fatemi, Azar

    2013-01-01

    Considering the role of academic writing in the dissemination of research findings among members of scientific communities, efforts have been made by language specialists to achieve a more detailed understanding of this register, with hopes that the derived features could then be used to teach researchers, writing in a second/foreign language, to more effectively communicate the results of their studies. This study sets out to achieve a similar goal through the analysis of research article in...

  14. The application of Swales’ model in writing a research article introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burhanuddin Yasin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This research attempts to suggest an alternative solution for writers in general and graduate students in particular in writing a proper research article introduction. In order to do so, the authors explored how the Swales’ model is applied in writing a research article introduction. The exploration was approached through a library study on the Swales model application. Some previous studies applying Swales Model were gathered and categorized into three categories ? application of Swales model on different types of genre besides the research article introduction, different discipline or field and the last is the application of Swales’ on the research article introduction across languages. Another three articles written by professional writers were also collected as samples of introductions that have successfully presented three obligatory moves – establishing a territory (Move 1, establishing a niche (Move 2 and occupying the niche or presenting the present work (Move 3 ? proposed by Swales’ model. Those introductions were segmented into those three moves and analyzed based on a communication purpose in every step derived from each move. In order to add more comprehension about the model, an analysis was also conducted on introductions for seven articles in the English Education Journal (EEJ published by the Graduate Program in English Language Education at Syiah Kuala University. The purpose of the analysis was to show the differences in structure of introductions organized without following the CARS Swales model. Conclusions are that the CARS Swales model is relevant for the teaching of introductions for research writing and it can be a guideline to teach students the moves and steps of this model for communication purposes.

  15. Reprint of "Citation analysis as a measure of article quality, journal influence and individual researcher performance".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nightingale, Julie M; Marshall, Gill

    2013-09-01

    The research-related performance of universities, as well as that of individual researchers, is increasingly evaluated through the use of objective measures, or metrics, which seek to support or in some cases even replace more traditional methods of peer review. In particular there is a growing awareness in research communities, government organisations and funding bodies around the concept of using evaluation metrics to analyse research citations. The tools available for 'citation analysis' are many and varied, enabling a quantification of scientific quality, academic impact and prestige. However there is increasing concern regarding the potential misuse of such tools, which have limitations in certain research disciplines.This article uses 'real world' examples from radiography research and scholarship to illustrate the range of currently available citation analysis tools. It explores the academic debate surrounding their strengths and limitations, and identifies the potential impact of citation analysis on the radiography research community.The article concludes that citation analysis is a valuable tool for researchers to use for personal reflection and research planning, yet there are inherent dangers if it is used inappropriately. Whilst citation analysis can give objective information regarding an individual, research group, journal or higher education institution, it should not be used as a total substitute for traditional qualitative review and peer assessment. PMID:23566748

  16. Citation analysis as a measure of article quality, journal influence and individual researcher performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research-related performance of universities, as well as that of individual researchers, is increasingly evaluated through the use of objective measures, or metrics, which seek to support or in some cases even replace more traditional methods of peer review. In particular there is a growing awareness in research communities, government organisations and funding bodies around the concept of using evaluation metrics to analyse research citations. The tools available for ‘citation analysis’ are many and varied, enabling a quantification of scientific quality, academic impact and prestige. However there is increasing concern regarding the potential misuse of such tools, which have limitations in certain research disciplines. This article uses ‘real world’ examples from radiography research and scholarship to illustrate the range of currently available citation analysis tools. It explores the academic debate surrounding their strengths and limitations, and identifies the potential impact of citation analysis on the radiography research community. The article concludes that citation analysis is a valuable tool for researchers to use for personal reflection and research planning, yet there are inherent dangers if it is used inappropriately. Whilst citation analysis can give objective information regarding an individual, research group, journal or higher education institution, it should not be used as a total substitute for traditional qualitative review and peer assessment.

  17. Elluminate Article: Distance Education Research, Design-based Research and the 'CIDER Solution'

    OpenAIRE

    Terry Anderson

    2005-01-01

    The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER), is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these s...

  18. Review Article: Facing Two Ways? Reflections on Recent Research on Religious Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooling, Trevor

    2014-01-01

    In this article, author Trevor Cooling presents a review of three books that disseminate recent research on religious schools. The first, "Leadership and Religious Schools: International Perspectives and Challenges," edited by Michael T. Buchanan, is an edited volume of essays about leadership in religious schools. Editor Michael…

  19. Text-Organising Metatext in Research Articles: An English-Slovene Contrastive Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterlin, A.P.

    2005-01-01

    The paper presents a contrastive analysis focusing on the differences in the use of two selected metatext categories, previews and reviews, in English and Slovene research articles. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the use of the selected metatext categories is more restricted in Slovene academic writing than in English academic…

  20. Discourse Research in Mathematics Education: A Critical Evaluation of 108 Journal Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryve, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    There has been increased engagement in studying discourse in the field of mathematics education. But what exactly is a discourse, and how do researchers go about analyzing discourses? This study examines 108 articles from 6 international journals in mathematics education by asking questions such as these: In which traditions and in relation to…

  1. Review Article: Ethical Issues in the Study of Second Language Acquisition--Resources for Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Two recent books provide varied resources for exploring ethical issues in the social sciences. Reflection on ethical issues aims to sensitize scholars to a range of consequences of their research, and to scholars' responsibilities to their discipline, their colleagues, and the public. This review article assesses the utility of these texts (and of…

  2. Personal and Impersonal Authorial References: A Contrastive Study of English and Italian Linguistics Research Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molino, Alessandra

    2010-01-01

    A cross-cultural approach is taken to analyse Linguistics research articles in English and Italian in terms of 1) the use of exclusive first-person subject pronouns in English and first-person inflected verbs in Italian, and 2) the passive voice in both languages and "si" constructions in Italian. The aim is to determine whether personal and…

  3. A Genre-Based Investigation of Discussion Sections of Research Articles in Dentistry and Disciplinary Variation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basturkmen, Helen

    2012-01-01

    Outwardly the rhetorical organisation of sections of research reports in different disciplines can appear similar. Close examination, however, may reveal subtle differences. Numerous studies have drawn on the genre-based approach developed by Swales (1990, 2004) to investigate the schematic structure of sections of articles in a range of…

  4. Articles Published in Six School Psychology Journals from 2005-2009: Where's the Intervention Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal, Victor; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; McCormick, Anita S.; Simek, Amber; Yoon, Hyunhee

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on a content analysis of six school psychology journals spanning the years 2005-2009, with a particular focus on published intervention research. The analysis showed that (a) research articles were the most frequently published, with the largest category being descriptive research; (b) the percentage of intervention studies…

  5. Conception of man in diagnostic radiography research – A discourse analysis of research articles from the journal radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To analyse discourses of conceptions of man in scientific texts of diagnostic radiography and how these conceptions are constructed in texts. Background: In this article conception of man refers to assumptions researchers have when selecting targets for research, choosing methods and making hypotheses. Method: A discourse analysis is being applied in this article to find discourses in scientific texts on diagnostic radiography. The material consisted of 45 articles from the journal Radiography from February 2009 to August 2013. Findings: Four main discourses were found. They were named technology-centred, patient-centred, doubtful patient and invisible patient discourses. In the technology-centred discourse patients were usually seen as an anonymous group, and they were passive. In the patient-centred discourse patient experiences were often sought and researchers tried to understand patients' emotions, physical abilities and social context. Patients were seen as individuals and active agents. In the doubtful patient discourse patients are not always trusted. In this discourse health care professionals often know better what is for the good of the patient. In the invisible patient discourse patients are invisible to the radiographer/researcher. They are seen merely as body parts, symptoms or diseases

  6. The Article Idea Chart: A participatory action research tool to aid involvement in dissemination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheryl Forchuk

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Participatory-action research encourages the involvement of all key stakeholders in the research process and is especially well suited to mental health research. Previous literature outlines the importance of engaging stakeholders in the development of research questions and methodologies, but little has been written about ensuring the involvement of all stakeholders (especially non-academic members in dissemination opportunities such as publication development. The Article Idea Chart was developed as a specific methodology for engaging all stakeholders in data analysis and publication development. It has been successfully utilised in a number of studies and is an effective tool for ensuring the dissemination process of participatory-action research results is both inclusive and transparent to all team members, regardless of stakeholder group. Keywords: participatory-action research, mental health, dissemination, community capacity building, publications, authorship

  7. The Article Idea Chart: A participatory action research tool to aid involvement in dissemination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheryl Forchuk

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Participatory-action research encourages the involvement of all key stakeholders in the research process and is especially well suited to mental health research. Previous literature outlines the importance of engaging stakeholders in the development of research questions and methodologies, but little has been written about ensuring the involvement of all stakeholders (especially non-academic members in dissemination opportunities such as publication development. The Article Idea Chart was developed as a specific methodology for engaging all stakeholders in data analysis and publication development. It has been successfully utilised in a number of studies and is an effective tool for ensuring the dissemination process of participatory-action research results is both inclusive and transparent to all team members, regardless of stakeholder group.Keywords: participatory-action research, mental health, dissemination, community capacity building, publications, authorship

  8. Longitudinal study on patent citations to academic research articles in nanotechnology (1976-2004)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Academic nanoscale science and engineering (NSE) research provides a foundation for nanotechnology innovation reflected in patents. About 60% or about 50,000 of the NSE-related patents identified by 'full-text' keyword searching between 1976 and 2004 at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) have an average of approximately 18 academic citations. The most cited academic journals, individual researchers, and research articles have been evaluated as sources of technology innovation in the NSE area over the 28-year period. Each of the most influential articles was cited about 90 times on the average, while the most influential author was cited more than 700 times by the NSE-related patents. Thirteen mainstream journals accounted for about 20% of all citations. Science, Nature and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) have consistently been the top three most cited journals, with each article being cited three times on average. There is another kind of influential journals, represented by Biosystems and Origin of Life, which have very few articles cited but with exceptionally high frequencies. The number of academic citations per year from ten most cited journals has increased by over 17 times in the interval (1990-1999) as compared to (1976-1989), and again over 3 times in the interval (2000-2004) as compared to (1990-1999). This is an indication of increased used of academic knowledge creation in the NSE-related patents

  9. Persistence of information on the web: Analyzing citations contained in research articles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lawrance, S.; Coetzee, F.; Flake, G.; Pennock, D.; Krovetz, B.; Nielsen, Finn Årup; Kruger, A.; Gilles, C. L.

    2000-01-01

    We analyze the persistence of information on the web, looking at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer (ResearchIndex) database. The number of URLs contained in the papers has increased from an average of 0.06 in 1993 to 1.6 in 1999. We found that a significant percentage of URLs are now invalid, ranging from 23% for 1999 articles, to 53% for 1994. We also found that for almost all of the invalid URLs, it was possible to locate the information (or high...

  10. Article Expression, Purification, and Characterization of Cu/ZnSOD from Panax Ginseng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayong Ding

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Superoxide dismutase (SOD has a strong antioxidant effect, but the traditional SOD extraction method is not the most efficient method of SOD amplification. In this study, we report the cloning of the Cu/ZnSOD gene from Panax ginseng into a temperature-regulated expression plasmid, pBV220. Cu/ZnSOD inclusion bodies were expressed in E. coli at a high level. Then, the inclusion bodies were purified by ion-exchange chromatography and molecular sieve chromatography. Finally, we obtained stable SOD in the bacterial broth, with a protein content of 965 mg/L and enzyme specific activity of 9389.96 U/mg. These results provide a foundation for future studies on the antioxidant mechanisms of ginseng and the development and application of ginseng Cu/ZnSOD.

  11. Quality Assessment of Research Articles in Nuclear Medicine Using STARD and QUADAS-2 Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krisana Roysri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective(s: Diagnostic nuclear medicine is being increasingly employed in clinical practice with the advent of new technologies and radiopharmaceuticals. The report of the prevalence of a certain disease is important for assessing the quality of that article. Therefore, this study was performed to evaluate the quality of published nuclear medicine articles and determine the frequency of reporting the prevalence of studied diseases. Methods: We used Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD and Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2 checklists for evaluating the quality of articles published in five nuclear medicine journals with the highest impact factors in 2012. The articles were retrieved from Scopus database and were selected and assessed independently by two nuclear medicine physicians. Decision concerning equivocal data was made by consensus between the reviewers. Results: The average STARD score was approximately 17 points, and the highest score was 17.19±2.38 obtained by the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine. QUADAS-2 tool showed that all journals had low bias regarding study population. The Journal of Nuclear Medicine had the highest score in terms of index test, reference standard, and time interval. Lack of clarity regarding the index test, reference standard, and time interval was frequently observed in all journals including Clinical Nuclear Medicine, in which 64% of the studies were unclear regarding the index test. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology had the highest number of articles with appropriate reference standard (83.3%, though it had the lowest frequency of reporting disease prevalence (zero reports. All five journals had the same STARD score, while index test, reference standard, and time interval were very unclear according to QUADAS-2 tool. Unfortunately, data were too limited to determine which journal had the lowest risk of bias. In fact, it is the author’s responsibility to provide details of research methodology so that the reader can assess the quality of research articles. Conclusion: Five nuclear medicine journals with the highest impact factor were comparable in terms of STARD score, although they all showed lack of clarity regarding index test, reference standard, and time interval, according to QUADAS-2. The current data were too limited to determine the journal with the lowest bias. Thus, a comprehensive overview of the research methodology of each article is of paramount importance to enable the reader to assess the quality of articles.

  12. nvestigating Generic Structure of English Research Articles: Writing Strategy Differences between English and Indonesian Writers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Ketut Mirahayuni

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Research into English research articles (RAs has largely been focused on articles produced by native English writers. This paper reports a study aiming to investigate the textual structure of research articles written by non-native English (i.e. Indonesian writers, which may contribute to their acceptance for international publication. A comparison is made between RAs written by native English speakers, an Indonesian writers writing in English, all in the field of Language and Language Teaching. It explores the relation of text's generic structure. The thesis develops a framework for the generic structure analysis based on Swales' (1990 Create-A-Research-Space (CARS model of moves. The analysis focuses on two RA sections: Introduction and Discussion. The findings indicate significant differences in both forms and functions of organizing strategies between the native and non-native texts. The differences may partly be due to the influence of writing practices in the non-native writers' first language and partly to the writer's attempt to find an appropriate format in the absence of well-established research writing conventions in the first language. Consequently, non-native English texts may show organizing strategies unfamiliar to both the native English and native Indonesian texts. Findings from the research highlight two issues. First, formal and functional differences of generic structure elements and their realizations between the native and non-native English texts may disadvantage the non-native writers, particularly with regards to employment of unfamiliar organizational strategies. Second, non-native English writers need to acquire knowledge of commonly used formal generic structure, and more importantly, the knowledge of the nature of scientific writing in English to be able to gain wider readership. The implications for further research and the teaching of academic writing are discussed.

  13. Investigating Move Structure of English Applied Linguistics Research Article Discussions Published in International and Thai Journals

    OpenAIRE

    Wirada Amnuai; Anchalee Wannaruk

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the rhetorical move structure of English applied linguistic research article Discussions published in Thai and international journals. Two corpora comprising of 30 Thai Discussions and 30 international Discussions were analyzed using Yang & Allison’s (2003) move model. Based on the analysis, both similarities and differences regarding the move occurrence, move-ordering patterns, and move cyclicity were found. The marked differences of the two corpora were in the st...

  14. Evidentiality in English Research Articles of Applied Linguistics: From the Perspective of Metadiscourse

    OpenAIRE

    Linxiu Yang

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates, from the metadiscourse perspective, the linguistic phenomenon of evidentiality in English Research Articles (RAs) of applied linguistics. Based on a corpus of 100 RAs, the study first presents its own classification of evidentiality and their specific lexicogrammatical realizations. Then, following Hyland’s metadiscourse model (2005), it examines in detail how different evidential types and linguistic realizations can function as various metadiscourse devices an...

  15. Analyses of Move Structure and Verb Tense of Research Article Abstracts in Applied Linguistics

    OpenAIRE

    Fan-ping Tseng

    2011-01-01

    This study examined 90 research article abstracts in three applied linguistics journals (i.e., TESOL Quarterly, Applied Linguistics, and Language Learning) from two dimensions: the move structure features and the verb tense of each move. The results showed that the abstracts analyzed tended to take a four-move structure instead of a five-move one as proposed in literature. In addition, since some publishers have word limits on abstract length, authors would usually follow the publisher’s guid...

  16. Rhetorical Variation across Research Article Abstracts in Environmental Science and Applied Linguistics

    OpenAIRE

    Supachai Saeeaw; Supong Tangkiengsirisin

    2014-01-01

    Abstract is of a pivotal genre in scientific communication, assisting not only highly selective readers with judgment of the pertinent articles but also researchers in disseminating new knowledge and intellectual discoveries. Difficult yet challenging, however, is the task of writing effective abstracts particularly among non-English speaking scholars. This study reports on the identification of moves and co-existing linguistic features commonly used in environmental science and applied lingu...

  17. Research Article Abstracts in Two Related Disciplines: Rhetorical Variation between Linguistics and Applied Linguistics

    OpenAIRE

    Watinee Suntara; Siriluck Usaha

    2013-01-01

    The previous studies on abstracts (e.g., Santos, 1996; Samraj, 2002; Pho, 2008) illustrate that disciplinary variation in research article abstracts is discernible. However, the studies of abstracts from two related disciplines are still limited. The present study aimed to explore the rhetorical moves of abstracts in the fields of linguistics and applied linguistics by investigating 200 abstracts published between 2009-2012. Hyland’s (2000) model of five rhetorical moves was chosen as the ana...

  18. Discoursive analysis and pragmatic metadiscourse in four sub-areas of Economics research articles

    OpenAIRE

    Concepción Hernández Guerra; Juan M. Hernández Guerra

    2008-01-01

    English for Specific Purposes (ESP) and English for Academic Purposes (EAP) are two disciplines whose importance has been growing lately. This is due to the ever-increasing interest in the language that describes the most recent developments in varying disciplines and the need to communicate in and understand that language. One of the means for the spreading of those new developments in the different technologies is through research articles inspecialised journals. These impose certain rules ...

  19. Worlds of Gratitude: a contrastive study of acknowledgement texts in English and Italian research articles

    OpenAIRE

    GIANNONI, DAVIDE SIMONE

    2002-01-01

    Studies in EAP and contrastive discourse analysis have greatly multiplied in recent years, producing countless descriptions of academic text types in different settings. The following paper seeks to fill a small and yet not insignificant gap in the extensive literature devoted to the research article. It examines the socio?pragmatic construction and textualization of scholarly Acknowledgements in English and Italian journals from a genre?analytic perspective, drawing on a corpus of 100 such t...

  20. Analyzing research article introductions by Iranian and native English-speaking authors of Applied Linguistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahriari Ahmadi, Hesamoddin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the role of academic writing in the dissemination of research findings among members of scientific communities, efforts have been made by language specialists to achieve a more detailed understanding of this register, with hopes that the derived features could then be used to teach researchers, writing in a second/foreign language, to more effectively communicate the results of their studies. This study sets out to achieve a similar goal through the analysis of research article introductions in terms of the frequency and function of their lexical bundles. To this end, a corpus of 200 research article introductions by published authors in the field of Applied Linguistics was compared to a similar corpus by Iranian, non-native writers of the same field. The findings reveal that Iranian authors use more 4-word lexical bundles in their writing compared to their native-speaker counterparts. Syntactic and functional differences between the two corpora are introduced and implications for academic writing instructors are discussed in detail.

  1. Persistence of information on the web: Analyzing citations contained in research articles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lawrance, S.; Coetzee, F.

    2000-01-01

    We analyze the persistence of information on the web, looking at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer (ResearchIndex) database. The number of URLs contained in the papers has increased from an average of 0.06 in 1993 to 1.6 in 1999. We found that a significant percentage of URLs are now invalid, ranging from 23% for 1999 articles, to 53% for 1994. We also found that for almost all of the invalid URLs, it was possible to locate the information (or highly related information) in an alternate location, primarily with the use of search engines. However, the ability to relocate missing information varied according to search experience and effort expended. Citation practices suggest that more information may be lost in the future unless these practices are improved. We discuss persistent URL standards and their usage, and give recommendations for citing URLs in research articles as well as for finding the new location of invalid URLs.

  2. ELABORACIÓN DE UN ARTÍCULO CIENTÍFICO DE INVESTIGACIÓN RESEARCH SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE: KNOW HOW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA HENRÍQUEZ FIERRO

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta la forma de redactar correctamente un artículo científico como reporte de una investigación, contempla cada una de las etapas que debe contener para su aprobación. Se sugiere la forma de redactar desde el título hasta la bibliografía, en un lenguaje comprensible y científico. Enfatiza en cómo deben ser presentados los resultados obtenidos para su mejor comprensión de la comunidad científica.This article introduces ways of writing correctly an article as a research report. It includes every step that has to be taken into account for its approval. The authors provide suggestions of the report writing going from the title to the references, both, in a comprehensive and scientific language. It emphasizes on how the results must be presented for a better understanding of the scientific community.

  3. ELABORACIÓN DE UN ARTÍCULO CIENTÍFICO DE INVESTIGACIÓN / RESEARCH SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE: KNOW HOW

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    ELENA, HENRÍQUEZ FIERRO; MARIA INÉS, ZEPEDA GONZALEZ.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta la forma de redactar correctamente un artículo científico como reporte de una investigación, contempla cada una de las etapas que debe contener para su aprobación. Se sugiere la forma de redactar desde el título hasta la bibliografía, en un lenguaje comprensible y científico. En [...] fatiza en cómo deben ser presentados los resultados obtenidos para su mejor comprensión de la comunidad científica. Abstract in english This article introduces ways of writing correctly an article as a research report. It includes every step that has to be taken into account for its approval. The authors provide suggestions of the report writing going from the title to the references, both, in a comprehensive and scientific language [...] . It emphasizes on how the results must be presented for a better understanding of the scientific community.

  4. SHIELD: an integrative gene expression database for inner ear research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jun; Scheffer, Déborah I; Kwan, Kelvin Y; Corey, David P

    2015-01-01

    The inner ear is a highly specialized mechanosensitive organ responsible for hearing and balance. Its small size and difficulty in harvesting sufficient tissue has hindered the progress of molecular studies. The protein components of mechanotransduction, the molecular biology of inner ear development and the genetic causes of many hereditary hearing and balance disorders remain largely unknown. Inner-ear gene expression data will help illuminate each of these areas. For over a decade, our laboratories and others have generated extensive sets of gene expression data for different cell types in the inner ear using various sample preparation methods and high-throughput genome-wide approaches. To facilitate the study of genes in the inner ear by efficient presentation of the accumulated data and to foster collaboration among investigators, we have developed the Shared Harvard Inner Ear Laboratory Database (SHIELD), an integrated resource that seeks to compile, organize and analyse the genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic knowledge of the inner ear. Five datasets are currently available. These datasets are combined in a relational database that integrates experimental data and annotations relevant to the inner ear. The SHIELD has a searchable web interface with two data retrieval options: viewing the gene pages online or downloading individual datasets as data tables. Each retrieved gene page shows the gene expression data and detailed gene information with hyperlinks to other online databases with up-to-date annotations. Downloadable data tables, for more convenient offline data analysis, are derived from publications and are current as of the time of publication. The SHIELD has made published and some unpublished data freely available to the public with the hope and expectation of accelerating discovery in the molecular biology of balance, hearing and deafness. PMID:26209310

  5. Metadiscursive Distinction between Persian and English: An Analysis of Computer Engineering Research Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholam Reza Zarei

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The study tried to discover disciplinary distinctions between Persian and English in the academic genre. The focus was on the use of metadiscourse in the discipline of computer engineering research articles across the two languages. The selected corpus was analyzed through the model suggested by Hyland and Tse (2004. The results demonstrated that the two languages are distinct in their use of metadiscourse in the discipline studied. It was found that Persian, unlike English, relied on interactive resources more. The disciplinary distinction indicates that Persian computer engineering provides more textual elements while English language values a reader responsible trend.

  6. Evidentiality in English Research Articles of Applied Linguistics: From the Perspective of Metadiscourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linxiu Yang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates, from the metadiscourse perspective, the linguistic phenomenon of evidentiality in English Research Articles (RAs of applied linguistics. Based on a corpus of 100 RAs, the study first presents its own classification of evidentiality and their specific lexicogrammatical realizations. Then, following Hyland’s metadiscourse model (2005, it examines in detail how different evidential types and linguistic realizations can function as various metadiscourse devices and what roles they can play in the construction and attainment of persuation. The study has shown the multiple metadiscourse functions of evidentiality. It provides a new perspective to understand evidentiality.

  7. Application Research of QRCode Barcode in Validation of Express Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhihai; Zeng, Qingliang; Wang, Chenglong; Lu, Qing

    The barcode technology has become an important way in the field of information input and identify automatically. With the outstanding features of big storage capacity, secure, rich encoding character set and fast decoding, the two-dimensional(2D) QRcode(Quick Response Barcode) has become an important choice of commerce barcode. The development of wireless communications technology and the popularization and application of mobile device has set the foundation of 2D barcode used in business. In this paper, the characteristics and the compositions of 2D QRcode are described, the secure validation workflows and contents of QRcode in goods express delivery are discussed, the encoding process of QRcode is showed, and the system framework is analyzed and established. At last, the system compositions and functions of each part are discussed.

  8. Building a Bridge Between Journal Articles and Research Data: The PKP-Dataverse Integration Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleni Castro

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A growing number of funding agencies and international scholarly organizations are requesting that research data be made more openly available to help validate and advance scientific research. Thus, this is an opportune moment for research data repositories to partner with journal editors and publishers in order to simplify and improve data curation and publishing practices. One practical example of this type of cooperation is currently being facilitated by a two year (2012-2014 one million dollar Sloan Foundation grant, integrating two well-established open source systems: the Public Knowledge Project’s (PKP Open Journal Systems (OJS, developed by Stanford University and Simon Fraser University; and Harvard University’s Dataverse Network web application, developed by the Institute for Quantitative Social Science (IQSS. To help make this interoperability possible, an OJS Dataverse plugin and Data Deposit API are being developed, which together will allow authors to submit their articles and datasets through an existing journal management interface, while the underlying data are seamlessly deposited into a research data repository, such as the Harvard Dataverse. This practice paper will provide an overview of the project, and a brief exploration of some of the specific challenges to and advantages of this integration.

  9. Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aphramor Lucy

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management has a high long-term failure rate it continues to dominate research in the field. In the current research agenda, controversies and complexities in the evidence base are inadequately discussed, and claims about the likely success of weight management misrepresent available evidence. Conclusions Dietetic literature on weight management fails to meet the standards of evidence based medicine. Research in the field is characterised by speculative claims that fail to accurately represent the available data. There is a corresponding lack of debate on the ethical implications of continuing to promote ineffective treatment regimes and little research into alternative non-weight centred approaches. An alternative health at every size approach is recommended.

  10. Generic Structure of Discussion Sections in ESP Research Articles across International and Iranian Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Khalili Sabet

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Reviewing literature reveals that identifying generic structure of research articles (RAs in different fields of study, especially ESP, has received much attention. The major purpose behind such trends of research has been raising researchers' awareness of the common conventions in writing RAs. Along with this universal trend, a lot of genre studies have been done in Iranian context; however, it seems that ESP RAs have not been paid due attention yet. Hence this study aimed at investigating the generic structure of ESP RAs in international and Iranian journals. Applying Kanoksilapatham's (2007 model to the compiled corpus, it was found that contextualizing the study (Move 1 and consolidating results (Move 2 were the obligatory moves in Discussion section of ESP RAs across international and Iranian journals. Evaluation of the findings was a new step found in international Discussion sections but absent in Iranian ones. Related discussion of these findings prepares the researchers for publishing in international and Iranian ESP journals.Keywords: ESP, Discussion section, Move, Step, Author presence, Generic structure

  11. Creative Expression as a Way of Knowing in Diabetes Adult Health Education: An Action Research Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuckey, Heather L.

    2009-01-01

    This action research study explores the meaning-making process using forms of creative expression for eight women with insulin-dependent diabetes. The study is theoretically informed by arts-based ways of knowing and aspects of feminist poststructuralism, and explains the process of creativity used in the action research process. The findings…

  12. "Action research is an expression of the democratic spirit in social research" (Kemmis). Is this true?

    OpenAIRE

    Renou-Kirby, Nicole

    2006-01-01

    The extent to which action research has a democratising influence - and the ethical pitfalls involved in the practice of action research. The conduct of action research within the organisational context and the practice community receives attention.

  13. Accidentes del verbo en las secciones de artículos de investigación / Verbal Inflection in Research Article Sections

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Omar, Sabaj; Miguel, Fuentes; Ken, Matsuda.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, se describe la variación de los accidentes del verbo en las secciones de artículos de investigación en español. Para ello, se analizaron los accidentes del verbo de 42.086 formas verbales en un corpus representativo de 162 artículos de investigación, pertenecientes a 6 áreas de la [...] ciencia y obtenidos de la base SciELO-Chile. Los resultados generales muestran que los elementos no marcados son siempre más frecuentes, independientemente del área de la ciencia y de la sección. Además, las áreas de la ciencia no afectan los patrones de uso de los verbos. Por último, al analizar la variación por sección, el único accidente que varía sustancialmente es el tiempo verbal. Los resultados de esta investigación son de utilidad para aquellos interesados en la descripción del discurso científico y en la didáctica de la escritura científica. Abstract in english This article attempts to describe verbal inflection variation in research article sections written in Spanish. In order to depict these inflections, we analyzed a corpus of 42.086 verbal forms from 162 research papers. These papers are from six scientific areas and were obtained from the Chilean Sci [...] ELO index. General results show that unmarked elements are always more frequent regardless the scientific area or the section. Besides, we can state that verb patterns are not affected by the scientific area under analysis. Finally, when the sections of the papers were analyzed, we could find out that variation takes place only in tense. These results are useful for both scientific discourse description and the didactics of scientific writing.

  14. Application of Microarray technology in research and diagnostics : differential expression catalogs and molecular signatures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helweg-Larsen, Rehannah Borup

    2015-01-01

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the use of microarray analysis to investigate the transcriptome of human cancers and human follicular cells and define the correlation between expression of human genes and specific cancer types as well as the developmental competence of the oocyte and its surrounding follicular cells. Furthermore use the retrieved information about gene expression and disease and function to formulate and specify classification models, which may aid in the translation of genomic research into clinical application.

  15. Integrating Microarray Gene Expression Object Model and Clinical Document Architecture for Cancer Genomics Research

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Yu Rang; Lee, Hye Won; Kim*, Ju Han

    2005-01-01

    Systematic integration of gene expression profiling with clinical information may facilitate cancer genomics research. MAGE-OM (MicroArray Gene Expression Object Model) defines standard objects for genomic but not for clinical data. HL7 CDA (Clinical Document Architecture) is a document model for clinical information, describing syntax but not semantics. We designed a document template and common data elements in XML Schema with additional constraints for CDA to define conte...

  16. Stratification of Time to First Citation for Articles Published in the "Journal of Research in Music Education": A Bibliometric Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hancock, Carl B.

    2015-01-01

    The author examined the speed of research dissemination by determining the time elapsed from publication to first citation for 617 articles in the "Journal of Research in Music Education (JRME)". Google Scholar was used to create a unique data set of 6,930 references originating from journals in the arts, education, music, and other…

  17. From academic research articles to academic visual and video essays: Only a multimodal transition?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maier, Carmen Daniela

    Drawing on an interdisciplinary theoretical framework, we propose to examine multimodal texts from the academic genre set belonging to the field of presenting and discussing research results: the academic research article, the academic visual essay and the academic video essay. The data for this study has been collected from academic journals that belong to print medium and to multimedia. In order to articulate an analytical model for the description and interpretation of these subgenres, we depart from the understanding of genres as linguistic categories influenced by specific situations, and we take into consideration the influence of technological advances upon the development of multimodal genres and the variety of subgenres. Therefore, concepts like remediation and resemiotization that are related to a multimodal approach to genres will be employed. The exploration of these multimodal subgenres will also be facilitated by applying theoretical approaches focused on knowledge communication because the academic discourse in these subgenres is based on specific meaning-making structures. The fact that these structures are linked to the subgenres’ common communicative purpose of representing specific knowledge types implies that it is necessary to explore how the structures are influenced by the choice and interplay of several semiotic modes. We address the semiotic modes’ interaction and combination within the subgenres in order to identify the roles of the semiotic interplay in creating and multiplying meaning at various levels of the generic organization. This paper concludes that it is increasingly necessary to open up the analytical space for the study of new multimodal academic subgenres by integrating the multimodal perspective in the context of genre theory in order to highlight the newest developments in the contemporary realm of research genres.

  18. CRITICAL READING OF RESEARCH ARTICLES AS ORAL ACTIVATOR IN THE LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica VIVANCO

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on an experience carried out with second course students of the School of Aeronautical Engineers at the Polytechnic University of Madrid in the subject class Modern Technical Language. In the previous years the problem in that class had been the scarce participation of the students in the oral practices. They seemed to be lead and exclusively represented by a few students when it came to oral participation. The students proposed tackling recent research articles in which opinions could be discussed. The reading of these articles has risen new elements that work as language activators in the language classroom: critical reading and thinking have developed participation in the oral activities and produced a noticeable influence on their scientific and humanist thinking and behavior.From this, we may extract the consequence that the experience is not only related to scientific knowledge, since it has made them better speakers or speaking-counterparts and more class-participating and collaborative, which implies that the human, scientific and linguistic factors progress at the same time through the critical experience. This way, the exposition of their critical ideas has developed both their humanism and scientific mind. These two facets which seem to belong to far away fields become a bond in our experience: the process is scientific since it tries to be a systematic study of the knowledge fleshed in written texts and it is also humanist because it fulfils the students need to grow up as persons, that is absorbing knowledge and processing it in order to produce a new personal approach to the world.

  19. Induced pluripotent stem cells in research and therapy of diseases: review article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Noori Daloii

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Differentiated cells can change to embryonic stem cells by reprograming. Generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs has revolutionized the field of regenerative and personalized medicine. iPSCs can self-renew and differentiate into many cell types. iPSC cells offer a potentially unlimited source for targeted differentiation. Through the expression of a set of transcription factors, iPSCs can be generated from different kinds of embryonic and adult cells. This technology for the first time enabled the researchers to take differentiated cells from an individual, and convert them to another cell type of interest, which is particularly to that person. When the set of master transcription factors containing OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and MYC is expressed ectopically in somatic cells, the transcriptional network is propelled to organize itself in such a way as to maintenance a pluripotent state. Since iPSCs are similar to Embryonic Stem Cell (ESC, they can be considered as sources for modeling different diseases. iPSCs which are induced from somatic cells of patient can be useful for screening and drugs selection, and also introduce treatment via grafting the cells. Although this technology has been successful in different fields, the tumorigenesis of viral vectors during induction of reprogramming is a major challenge. Nevertheless, iPSCs are valuable for clinical applications and research. By discovery of these cells many challenges related to the safety, efficacy, and bioethics of ESCs are solved. Pluripotency is defined in two aspect of functional and molecular, by which functional regards the capacity of cell is generate three kinds of embryonic layers and germ line, and molecular aspect regards the identifying of molecules and genes that support functional features. Identification of these genes has been placed at the center of fields related to development and stem cell research. In this review, we discuss the process of generation of these cells, as well as required genes and factors for pluripotency, and also current progress in generation of iPSCs utilizing tens of reliable and new studies.

  20. COMPARING HEDGES USED BY ENGLISH AND INDONESIAN SCHOLARS IN PUBLISHED RESEARCH ARTICLES: A CORPUS-BASED STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nyoman Suka Sanjaya

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The study examines whether English and Indonesian research articles written by their respective native speaker scholars are significantly different from each other in terms of the number of hedges used. Hedges are rhetorical features (e.g. may, perhaps, suggest used to withhold complete commitment to the truth-value of propositions. The ultimate goal of the study is to examine whether Indonesian scholars need special instruction in hedging propositions. The assumption underlying the present study is that when they write in English, Indonesian scholars will deploy rhetorical features inherent in the Indonesian academic writing. Statistical analysis on 52 Applied Linguistics research articles (26 from each language reveals that English research articles contain significantly more hedges than their Indonesian counterparts (Mann-Whitney U = 68.00, n1 = n2 = 26, p < 0.05, r = - 0.69, suggesting that Indonesian scholars are indeed in need of instruction that specifically focuses on hedging propositions in English.

  1. Predictors of article impact in suicidology: the bereavement literature, a research note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andriessen, Karl; Krysinska, Karolina; Stack, Steven

    2015-02-01

    Citation analysis has been neglected in suicidology. The present note applies a mixed-methods approach to both test and suggest hypotheses for the variation in article impact in the bereavement literature. One hundred three articles from three core suicidology journals met the criteria for inclusion in the investigation. Citations to the articles were obtained from the Web of Science. Predictor variables included structural characteristics of the author (e.g., gender) and the article itself (e.g., years since publication). A multivariate regression analysis determined that, controlling for the other variables, the most important predictor of citations was the review article (? = .461), followed by year of publication (? = -.414), the multiauthored article (? = .302), publication in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior (SLTB) (? = .161), and male gender (? = .156). The 12 most cited articles were published between 1979 and 2004 in SLTB. The majority of these papers was written by males, were U.S. authors, and had more than one author. Four of the most cited articles were reviews. The study concludes that structural characteristics of articles and authors explained 41% of the variance in citations. The qualitative analysis determined that review papers, and papers on characteristics of suicide bereavement and psychological autopsies have been most frequently cited. Replication studies are needed for other subfields of suicidology. PMID:24863244

  2. Conducting an article critique for a quantitative research study: perspectives for doctoral students and other novice readers

    OpenAIRE

    Vance DE; Talley M; Azuero A; Pearce PF; Christian BJ

    2013-01-01

    David E Vance,1 Michele Talley,1 Andres Azuero,1 Patricia F Pearce,2 Becky J Christian1 1School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2Loyola University School of Nursing, New Orleans, LA, USA Abstract: The ability to critically evaluate the merits of a quantitative design research article is a necessary skill for practitioners and researchers of all disciplines, including nursing, in order to judge the integrity and usefulness of the evidence and conclusions m...

  3. When Is It Acceptable to Make Prescriptive Statements in Educational Research Articles? Commentary on the Special Issue Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yussen, Steven R.

    2011-01-01

    The commentary considers when it is acceptable to make prescriptive statements in educational research articles. It begins with a consensus view, agreeing with the analysis offered by Marley and Levin (Educational Psychology Review, 2011), that experimental evidence is necessary. Other forms of evidence are considered (e.g., observational,…

  4. Research Article Abstracts in Two Subdisciplines of Business--Move Structure and Hedging between Management and Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qian; Pramoolsook, Issra

    2015-01-01

    The importance of RA abstracts lies in their influence on the readers' decision about whether the accompanying article is worth reading. A number of studies have investigated the move structure of abstracts and have generated several influential models. However, little research has been conducted on subdisciplinary variations in move structure of…

  5. A Generic Analysis of English Research Article Abstracts and the Use of Modal Verbs for Financial Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jie

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a generic study of schematic structures and the use of modal verbs of 50 English Research Article (RA) abstracts. With Bhatia's (1990) model as the framework, three other move patterns were obtained besides the normal move order. The density of modal verbs varies greatly from move to move with significant differences in the frequency…

  6. A Genre-based Analysis of English Research Article Abstracts and the Linguistic Feature of Personal Pronouns for Financial Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Zhen-ye

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical study of move structures and personal pronouns of fifty English RA (research article) abstracts based on the model of Bhatia (1990). It revealed that three other move patterns were ascertained besides ten out of the analyzed abstracts following his move order. The analysis of personal pronouns showed that…

  7. The Origin, Expression, Function and Future Research Focus of a G Protein-coupled Receptor, Mas-related Gene X2 (MrgX2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Haihui; Zeng, Meiqi; Cho, Eric Y P; Jiang, Wenqi; Sha, Ou

    2015-07-01

    Mas-related genes (Mrgs) belong to a large family of G protein-coupled receptor genes found in rodents. Human MRGX proteins are G protein-coupled 7-transmembrane proteins sharing 41-52% amino acid identity with each other, but have no orthologs in rodents. MrgX2 is a member of the MrgX family. MRGX2 is expressed in the small neurons of sensory ganglia and mast cells. It can interact with a series of factors and genes such as the peptides substance P, vasoactive intestinal peptide, cortistatin (CST), proadrenomedullin N-terminal peptide (PAMP), LL-37, PMX-53 and ?-defensins. MRGX2 is related to nociception, adrenal gland secretion and mast cell degranulation. Recent research on MrgX2 provides insights into its role in nociception and anti-microbial activities. This article reviewed the origin, expression and function of MrgX2, and discussed possible future research focus. PMID:26106044

  8. Results of research on causes of the defects of laser marking articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markov, V. V.; Lebedeva, L. I.; Kanatnikov, N. V.

    2015-09-01

    The article describes technological aspects of the marking process using solid-state fibre laser. It presents the analysis of the technological modes and errors of the precise laser marking and establishes low density of the laser system as one of the causes of the poor quality of a laser seam. The article reviews the use of the following material laser marking is performed on - plastic with fine metal and conductive surface coating.

  9. Spanish researchers’ perceived difficulty writing research articles for English-medium journals: the impact of proficiency in English versus publication experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana I. Moreno

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Previous quantitative studies suggest that the burden researchers who use English as an additional language perceive when writing research articles (RAs for publication in English (as L2 is 24% greater than the burden they perceive when they write RAs for publication in their L1. It remains unclear precisely which aspects of research article (RA writing in English present these writers with the greatest challenge and just why they perceive this increase in difficulty. A structured questionnaire comprising thirty-seven questions about researchers’ publication experiences in scientific journals in English and in Spanish was designed and sent out to all (n = 8,794 Spanish postdoctoral researchers at one research-only institution and four universities in Spain, yielding responses from 1,717 researchers. Our first results show that the discussion is the section that is perceived as more difficult to write for English-medium journals, across the four broad knowledge areas in a way that cannot be fully explained by their lower level of proficiency in English (as L2. This article proposes the rhetorical transfer hypothesis as a possible explanation for their additional difficulty. Our results also reveal that their increased perceived difficulty writing RA discussions in English (as L2 does not decrease noticeably until Spanish researchers report high or very high levels of proficiency in English (as L2 for academic or general purposes or have published on average at least 37 RAs as corresponding author in English-medium journals over the last ten years. Implications for English for Academic Purposes (EAP research and pedagogy are discussed.

  10. El atributo de funcionalidad en el cibergénero Artículo de Investigación / The functionality attribute in the cybergenre Research Article

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Marcela, Puebla; Andrea, Puchmuller.

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es describir y analizar el cibergénero científico-académico Artículo de Investigación desde el punto de vista de su funcionalidad y en consecuencia, el valor informativo de sus links. A tal fin, se seleccionaron 90 hiperartículos pertenecientes al campo de la Psicología, [...] Matemática y Biología y se los analizó teniendo en cuenta los atributos de funcionalidad propuestos por M. Shepherd, C. Watters y A. Kennedy (2004). Los resultados muestran que el cibergénero Artículo de Investigación presenta características funcionales que benefician ampliamente al lector-investigador y que marcan una diferencia significativa respecto a las posibilidades que ofrecen los Artículos de Investigación publicados en medios impresos. Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to describe and analize the functionality attribute and the consequent informative value of the links of the cybergenre Research Article. 90 hyperarticles in the field of Psychology, Mathematicas and Biology were collected for this purpose and analized following M. Shepherd, [...] C. Watters and A. Kennedy's (2004) categorization of the functionality attribute. Results show that the Research Article cybergenre has functional characteristics that greatly benefit the reader-researcher and make an important difference regarding the possibilities offered by paper issued Research Articles.

  11. Comparing indicators of authorial stance in psychology students' writing and published research articles

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Barr; Alice Henderson

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results of a pilot study examining the use of first-person pronouns, certain adjectives and grading adverbs in a corpus of 51 French psychology student papers written in English as a second language. These results were compared to a corpus of published psychology articles and to a sub-corpus of psychology student texts from the British Academic Written English corpus (BAWE). Strategic use of pairs of evaluative words was found in the students' texts but not in the pu...

  12. Retrospective labelling in premise-conclusion metatext: An English-Spanish contrastive study of research articles on business and economics

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno, Ana I

    2004-01-01

    The present study assumes that, despite the relative uniformity of research articles (RAs) imposed by the requirements of the genre, there may be intercultural variation in the rhetorical preferences of different writing cultures. The paper develops further Moreno’s (1998) model for the comparison of the metatext employed in English and Spanish to signal premise-conclusion intersentential coherence relations. It does so by focusing on the types and preference of use of retrospective cohesive ...

  13. A cross-disciplinary and cross-cultural study of directives in discussions and conclusions of research articles

    OpenAIRE

    Alireza Jalilifar; Khodayar Mehrabi

    2014-01-01

    The current study provided cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary analyses of the distribution of directives in discussion and conclusion sections of English and Persian research articles (RAs) in disciplines of physics, chemistry, counseling, and sociology, representing hard and soft sciences, respectively. To that aim, 80 RAs from both English and Persian journals between 2000 and 2012 were selected. The RAs were textually analyzed to determine the distribution of directives. Findings reveal...

  14. Do open access working papers attract more citations compared to printed journal articles from the same research unit?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingwersen, Peter; Elleby, Anita

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an empirical case study of the characteristics of citations received by 10 open accessible non-peer reviewed working papers published by a prestigious multidisciplinary, but basically social science research institute, compared to 10 printed peer reviewed journal articles published in the same year (2004) by the same institute and predominantly by the same authors. The study analyzes the total amount of citations and citation impact observed in Web of Science (...

  15. Elluminate Article: Research on Formal Virtual Learning Communities in Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Schwier

    2005-01-01

    The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER), is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these s...

  16. Games as Learning Environments: Research stratElluminate Article ~ Strategies and issues

    OpenAIRE

    Jim Bizzocchi

    2005-01-01

    The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER), is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these s...

  17. Academic Vocabulary in Agriculture Research Articles: A Corpus-Based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Iliana A.; Beck, Silvia C.; Panza, Carolina B.

    2009-01-01

    Recent critical views on the usefulness of a general academic vocabulary have heightened the relevance of developing discipline specific academic wordlists to meet the needs of non-native English writers who must read and publish articles in English. Using Coxhead's (2000) Academic Word List, we set out to identify the academic words in a corpus…

  18. Interacting with the Reader: Politeness Strategies in Engineering Research Article Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salom, Luz Gil; Monreal, Carmen Soler

    2009-01-01

    The writer's strategy to combine the exposition of factual information with personal judgement and interaction with the reader has been analysed in a number of studies (Hunston, 1994; Hyland, 1998a, 1998b; Latour and Woolgar, 1979; Skelton, 1997). Myers' studies (1989, 1992) on the pragmatics of politeness in scientific articles analyse politeness…

  19. The Targeting of Public Spending on School Education, 1995 and 2000: Research Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Berg, Servaas

    2006-01-01

    This article measures targeting of public spending on school education in South Africa for the years 1995 and 2000. Equalisation of publicly subsidised pupil-teacher ratios in this period largely eliminated discrimination in subsidies per child, but some differentials in subsidies still remain as a result of differences in qualifications and…

  20. Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Binyan

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

  1. Elluminate Article: Research on Formal Virtual Learning Communities in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Schwier

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER, is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these sessions, you must first download FREE software. Visit http://www.elluminate.com/support/ to download this software.

  2. Games as Learning Environments: Research stratElluminate Article ~ Strategies and issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jim Bizzocchi

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER, is pleased to link here to a series of eight online seminars that took place over Spring 2005, using Elluminate live e-learning and collaborative solutions. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these sessions, you must first download FREE software. Visit http://www.elluminate.com/support/ to download this software.

  3. Stance and Engagement in Pure Mathematics Research Articles: Linking Discourse Features to Disciplinary Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, Lisa; Kuteeva, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Recent ESP research into academic writing has shown how writers convey their stance and interact with readers across different disciplines. However, little research has been carried out into the disciplinary writing practices of the pure mathematics academic community from an ESP genre analysis perspective. This study begins to address this gap by…

  4. Research Journal of Applied Sciences Engineering and Technology-Review Article Control of an Irrigation Canal

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed Khaled Salahou

    2013-01-01

    This study summarizes the most important developments and results found in the specialized research literature on Control of Irrigation Canals in the last ten years. The control of irrigation canals is not an easy task to carry out without solid background knowledge on the theme. Fortunately, this subject has attracted the attention of many researchers around the world in the last decades.

  5. e-Research in the Social Sciences: The Possibilities and the Reality (A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Russell Searight

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to examine the current status as well as benefits and barriers to online research in the social sciences. With the rapid development of internet technology in the past decade, there has been growing interest in the application of on-line technologies to social science research. While there are a number of on-line sites for survey completion and centralized data sets for studying psychological, health, political and sociological issues, collaborative on-line research communities have not developed at the same pace as these other innovations. The few exploratory studies of e-research collaboration conducted to date suggest that while there are potential benefits, there are a number of social, ethical and professional barriers to its development in the social sciences. A recent curricular innovation, in which undergraduate students from different institutions work collaboratively on an on-line research project, suggests that with specific training, a number of these obstacles can be overcome. However, at this point, there appears to be more potential for collaborative online research than is being realized. Issues such as trust, ownership, and quality assurance will need to be addressed before collaborative on-line research in social science becomes a common practice.

  6. 25th anniversary article: 25 years of fullerene research in electron transfer chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirner, Sabrina; Sekita, Michael; Guldi, Dirk M

    2014-03-12

    The past 25 years have served as a test bed for exploring the chemistry and physics, in general, and the electron transfer chemistry, in particular, of low-dimensional carbon. Nevertheless, the new realm started with the advent of fullerenes, followed in chronological order by carbon nanotubes, and, more recently, by graphene. The major thrust of this Review article is to historically recap the versatility of fullerenes regarding the design, the synthesis, and the tests as an electroactive building block in photosynthetic reaction mimics, photovoltaics, and catalysis. PMID:24532250

  7. Whither cognitive bias modification research? Commentary on the special section articles.

    OpenAIRE

    MacLeod, C.; Koster, EH; Fox, E

    2009-01-01

    This commentary reviews key theoretical, methodological, and clinical issues raised by recent research on cognitive bias modification (CBM). The authors identify the major ways in which the new work reported within this special section extends earlier CBM research. In particular, they note that it considers a wider range of participants, includes a greater diversity of symptoms measures, and targets for change a broader array of processing biases than previously has been the case. Furthermore...

  8. ClinData Express – A Metadata Driven Clinical Research Data Management System for Secondary Use of Clinical Data

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Zuofeng; Wen, Jingran; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wu, Chunxiao; Li, Zuogao; Liu, Lei

    2012-01-01

    Aim to ease the secondary use of clinical data in clinical research, we introduce a metadata driven web-based clinical data management system named ClinData Express. ClinData Express is made up of two parts: 1) m-designer, a standalone software for metadata definition; 2) a web based data warehouse system for data management. With ClinData Express, what the researchers need to do is to define the metadata and data model in the m-designer. The web interface for data collection and specific dat...

  9. The History and Current Status of Otter Research within Canada based on Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Tan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In Canada, there are two species of otters, the river otter (Lontra canadensis and the sea otter (Enhydra lutris. The river otter is considered to be plentiful and ranges throughout a large part of Canada. On the other hand, the sea otter is classified as of Special Concern and only small translocated colonies are found along the coastline of Vancouver Island and British Columbia. The scientific literature was reviewed with respect to both river and sea otter research performed within Canada since 1970 to evaluate the number and topics of research papers that had been published dealing with these otter species. Since 1970, 25 papers have been published, most of the research concentrating on contaminants (mercury, organochlorines in river otters (80%. There is only 1 scientific paper (1978 dealing with the sea otter (4%. Almost half of publications studying river otters were from or in combination from the province of Ontario (48%. Miscellaneous topics made up 16% of the publications. This paper reveals that in Canada very little scientific work has been published dealing with sea otters and that a huge number of the publications deal with river otters found within the province of Ontario. Thus since 1970, there has been a serious lack of research dealing with either otter species and that most of that work has had no structure or focus. It is hoped that government agencies, the scientific community, non government organizations, and interested groups can organize strategies and granting opportunities to increase the amount of scientific studies to further understand and protect future populations of these 2 species in Canada.

  10. Contributions from Alfred Schütz’s phenomenological sociology for nursing research - review article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Wagner Camatta

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the human being is a complex task, because it involves biological, psychological and social questions. Investigation of Cartesian procedure had suffered ruptures, mainly because of the criticism to objectivity, on dealing whit human questions. In the end of nineteen century, phenomenology is born as a philosophical-methodological option for research, in which Comprehensive Sociology, from Alfred Schütz, outstands. This study’s objective is discuss some of the possible contributions from Schütz’s Phenomenological Sociology for nursing research. The main concepts boarded were intentionality, intersubjectivity, determined biographical situation, human actions, typification and social relation. Phenomenological research seeks the meanings that people attribute to their own experience, which are revealed with these people’s descriptions. Alfred Scütz’s phenomenological sociology aims the subjective meaning of the human actions, trying to establish the ideal type by typification. These concepts can be used as a theoretical-methodological base to investigate about things lived in the social world, mainly when it is about a social world in which nursing professionals are part of.

  11. Media Articles Describing Advances in Scientific Research as a Vehicle for Student Engagement Fostering Climate Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassell, S. C.

    2014-12-01

    "Records of Global Climate Change" enables students to fulfill the science component of an undergraduate distribution requirement in "Critical Approaches" at IU Bloomington. The course draws students from all disciplines with varying levels of understanding of scientific approaches and often limited familiarity with climate issues. Its discussion sessions seek to foster scientific literacy via an alternating series of assignments focused on a combination of exercises that involve either examination and interpretation of on-line climate data or consideration and assessment of the scientific basis of new discoveries about climate change contained in recently published media articles. The final assignment linked to the discussion sessions requires students to review and summarize the topics discussed during the semester. Their answers provide direct evidence of newly acquired abilities to assimilate and evaluate scientific information on a range of topics related to climate change. In addition, student responses to an end-of-semester survey confirm that the vast majority considers that their knowledge and understanding of climate change was enhanced, and unsolicited comments note that the discussion sessions contributed greatly to this advancement. Many students remarked that the course's emphasis on examination of paleoclimate records helped their comprehension of the unprecedented nature of present-day climate trends. Others reported that their views on the significance of climate change had been transformed, and some commented that they now felt well equipped to engage in discussions about climate change because they were better informed about its scientific basis and facts.

  12. Research article: Watershed management councils and scientific models: Using diffusion literature to explain adoption

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, M.D.; Burkardt, N.; Clark, B.T.

    2006-01-01

    Recent literature on the diffusion of innovations concentrates either specifically on public adoption of policy, where social or environmental conditions are the dependent variables for adoption, or on private adoption of an innovation, where emphasis is placed on the characteristics of the innovation itself. This article uses both the policy diffusion literature and the diffusion of innovation literature to assess watershed management councils' decisions to adopt, or not adopt, scientific models. Watershed management councils are a relevant case study because they possess both public and private attributes. We report on a survey of councils in the United States that was conducted to determine the criteria used when selecting scientific models for studying watershed conditions. We found that specific variables from each body of literature play a role in explaining the choice to adopt scientific models by these quasi-public organizations. The diffusion of innovation literature contributes to an understanding of how organizations select models by confirming the importance of a model's ability to provide better data. Variables from the policy diffusion literature showed that watershed management councils that employ consultants are more likely to use scientific models. We found a gap between those who create scientific models and those who use these models. We recommend shrinking this gap through more communication between these actors and advancing the need for developers to provide more technical assistance.

  13. Research on Logistics Value Chain Analysis and Competitiveness Construction for Express Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Xingjian Zhou

    2013-01-01

    Through analyzing the value of the activities in the process of express delivery, the model of logistics value chain analysis (LVCA) of express enterprises is constructed. Using the model, the express enterprises can identify the key activities from the whole process of express delivery from senders to receivers, and those key activities constitute the logistics competitiveness of express enterprises. Then a model of logistics competitiveness is established, which includes four aspects: stra...

  14. Crew interface analysis: Selected articles on space human factors research, 1987 - 1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagian, Tandi (compiler)

    1993-01-01

    As part of the Flight Crew Support Division at NASA, the Crew Interface Analysis Section is dedicated to the study of human factors in the manned space program. It assumes a specialized role that focuses on answering operational questions pertaining to NASA's Space Shuttle and Space Station Freedom Programs. One of the section's key contributions is to provide knowledge and information about human capabilities and limitations that promote optimal spacecraft and habitat design and use to enhance crew safety and productivity. The section provides human factors engineering for the ongoing missions as well as proposed missions that aim to put human settlements on the Moon and Mars. Research providing solutions to operational issues is the primary objective of the Crew Interface Analysis Section. The studies represent such subdisciplines as ergonomics, space habitability, man-computer interaction, and remote operator interaction.

  15. A Genre Analysis of English and Iranian Research Articles Abstracts in Applied Linguistics and Mathematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biook Behnam

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, genre studies have attracted the attention of many researchers. The aim of the present study was to observe the differences in generic structure of abstract written by English native and non-native (Iranian students in two disciplines of mathematics and applied linguistics. To this end, twenty native English students’ abstract texts from each discipline and the same number of non-native (Iranian ones were selected. In this study, Hyland’s (2000 five?move model was used to identify the rhetorical structure of the four sets of texts. After analyzing each text, the main moves were extracted and the frequencies of each one were calculated and compared. The cross-disciplinary and cross?linguistic analyses reveal that linguistics abstracts follow a conventional scheme, but mathematics abstracts in these two languages do not exhibit the usual norms in terms of moves. Besides, greater difference in move structure is seen across languages in mathematics. The findings of the study have some pedagogical implications for academic writing courses for graduate students, especially students from non-English backgrounds in order to facilitate their successful acculturation into these disciplinary communities.Keywords: Genre Analysis, mathematics, applied linguistics

  16. Near minimum-time maneuvers of the advanced space structures technology research experiment (ASTREX) test article: Theory and experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vadali, Srinivas R.; Carter, Michael T.

    1994-01-01

    The Phillips Laboratory at the Edwards Air Force Base has developed the Advanced Space Structures Technology Research Experiment (ASTREX) facility to serve as a testbed for demonstrating the applicability of proven theories to the challenges of spacecraft maneuvers and structural control. This report describes the work performed on the ASTREX test article by Texas A&M University under contract NAS119373 as a part of the Control-Structure Interaction (CSI) Guest Investigator Program. The focus of this work is on maneuvering the ASTREX test article with compressed air thrusters that can be throttled, while attenuating structural excitation. The theoretical foundation for designing the near minimum-time thrust commands is based on the generation of smooth, parameterized optimal open-loop control profiles, and the determination of control laws for final position regulation and tracking using Lyapunov stability theory. Details of the theory, mathematical modeling, model updating, and compensation for the presence of 'real world' effects are described and the experimental results are presented. The results show an excellent match between theory and experiments.

  17. Collaborative Work as an Alternative for Writing Research Articles / El trabajo colaborativo como alternativa para la escritura de artículos investigativos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nancy Emilce, Carvajal Medina; Eliana Edith, Roberto Flórez.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los escritos académicos en inglés, en nuestro contexto, representan un aspecto significativo que puede ser innovador cuando se usa un modelo de convergencia en las etapas de la escritura a través del trabajo colaborativo. En este artículo se presenta un estudio que buscó analizar cómo el trabajo col [...] aborativo se relaciona con los escritos académicos que desarrollan en inglés los estudiantes de pregrado de ingeniería electrónica de una universidad colombiana, que seguían etapas específicas de escritura. Para la recolección de la información se tuvieron en cuenta apuntes, escritos hechos por los estudiantes y entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Los resultados muestran que la escritura es viable si los estudiantes siguen las etapas y reciben retroalimentación por parte del profesor. Así mismo, el trabajo colaborativo permitió la escritura de artículos de investigación de una forma fácil y dinámica. Abstract in english Academic writing in English in our context is a significant aspect that can be innovative when a convergence model of writing stages is used along with collaborative work. This article reports on a study aimed at analyzing how collaborative work relates to undergraduate electronics students' academi [...] c writing development in English as a foreign language at a Colombian university, following some specific writing stages. Field notes, students' artifacts, and semi-structured interviews were the instruments used to gather information. The results showed that writing is achievable if students can follow stages and receive feedback from the teacher. Additionally, collaborative work allowed students to write research articles in an easy and dynamic way.

  18. Design guidelines for adapting scientific research articles: An example from an introductory level, interdisciplinary program on soft matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langbeheim, Elon; Safran, Samuel A.; Yerushalmi, Edit

    2013-01-01

    We present design guidelines for using Adapted Primary Literature (APL) as part of current interdisciplinary topics to introductory physics students. APL is a text genre that allows students to comprehend a scientific article, while maintaining the core features of the communication among scientists, thus representing an authentic scientific discourse. We describe the adaptation of a research paper by Nobel Laureate Paul Flory on phase equilibrium in polymer-solvent mixtures that was presented to high school students in a project-based unit on soft matter. The adaptation followed two design strategies: a) Making explicit the interplay between the theory and experiment. b) Re-structuring the text to map the theory onto the students' prior knowledge. Specifically, we map the theory of polymer-solvent systems onto a model for binary mixtures of small molecules of equal size that was already studied in class.

  19. EDITORIAL ARTICLE

    OpenAIRE

    Prof. Anil K. Sharma

    2012-01-01

    It gives me an immense pleasure to bring out the Volume 2 (Issue 1) of Current Trends in Biotechnology & Chemical Research (CTBCR) to our scientific community with twelve articles including research, reviews and case-studies. CTBCR is a Half yearly Open Access journal that publishes papers related to the study and application of biotechnology related to (i) Medicine, Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, (ii) Agriculture and Plant Biotechnology, and (iii) Environment and Biodiversity. C...

  20. Quality of nonstructured and structured abstracts of original research articles in the British Medical Journal, the Canadian Medical Association Journal and the Journal of the American Medical Association.

    OpenAIRE

    Taddio, A; Pain, T.; Fassos, F F; Boon, H.; Ilersich, A L; Einarson, T R

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the quality of nonstructured and structured abstracts of original research articles in three medical journals. DESIGN: Blind, criterion-based observational study. SAMPLE: Random sample of 300 abstracts (25 abstracts per journal each year) of articles published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), the Canadian Medical Association Journal and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 1988 and 1989 (nonstructured abstracts) and in 1991 and 1992 (...

  1. A Model of the Perception of Facial Expressions of Emotion by Humans: Research Overview and Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Aleix; Du, Shichuan

    2012-01-01

    In cognitive science and neuroscience, there have been two leading models describing how humans perceive and classify facial expressions of emotion—the continuous and the categorical model. The continuous model defines each facial expression of emotion as a feature vector in a face space. This model explains, for example, how expressions of emotion can be seen at different intensities. In contrast, the categorical model consists of C classifiers, each tuned to a specific emotion category. Thi...

  2. An Empirical Research of Chinese Learners’ Acquisition of the English Article System — Based on Syntactic Misanalysis Account

    OpenAIRE

    Shi Jian

    2013-01-01

    In the field of applied linguistics, the English article is the acknowledged teaching and learning difficulty and receives lots of attention in second language acquisition (SLA). This paper, based on the Syntactic Misanalysis Account (SMA) advocated by Trenkic in which L2 articles are analyzed as adjectives by L2ers, proposes the English article is the functional category with null semantic meaning and its production is syntactic-driven. The English Proficiency Test and the Forced Choice Elic...

  3. Research Resource: Comprehensive Expression Atlas of the Fibroblast Growth Factor System in Adult Mouse

    OpenAIRE

    Fon Tacer, Klementina; Bookout, Angie L.; Ding, Xunshan; Kurosu, Hiroshi; John, George B.; WANG, Lei; Goetz, Regina; Mohammadi, Moosa; Kuro-o, Makoto; Mangelsdorf, David J.; Kliewer, Steven A

    2010-01-01

    Although members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family and their receptors have well-established roles in embryogenesis, their contributions to adult physiology remain relatively unexplored. Here, we use real-time quantitative PCR to determine the mRNA expression patterns of all 22 FGFs, the seven principal FGF receptors (FGFRs), and the three members of the Klotho family of coreceptors in 39 different mouse tissues. Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis of the mRNA expression dat...

  4. Verbs Expressing Wish and Their Modality Features in Modern English

    OpenAIRE

    Sevil Elchin Gurbanova

    2012-01-01

    In this article the study of the modality features of verbs expressing wish in modern English is carried out. Modality is a semantic-grammatical category which expresses the attitude of the speaker to the discourse. It is frequently targeted for its subjectivity, meaning and contextual expressions. Modality features of verbs expressing wish has been thoroughly researched, the latest achievement of different linguists on this topic have been investigated. A new approach on modality of the verb...

  5. Making a Difference in Research and Practice: A Commentary on "Consulting to Facilitate Planned Organizational Change in Schools," an Article by Joseph E. Zins and Robert J. Illback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaspohler, Paul D.

    2007-01-01

    Zins and Illback observed in 1995 that planned organizational change processes were neglected in practice, training, and research. In the decade following publication of their article, implementation of processes and structures of planned organizational change increased dramatically. Schools and school districts continue to face increased…

  6. A Comparison Study on the Rhetorical Moves of Abstracts in Published Research Articles and Master’s Foreign-language Theses

    OpenAIRE

    Hongwei Ren; Yuying Li

    2011-01-01

    The abstract of research papers is one of the first things that a reader will read to determine the value of the research. A well-written abstract will surely promote the text attached to it more effectively. By examining the rhetorical moves in the abstracts of Chinese Master’s English theses and published research articles in applied linguistics, this study compares the practices of student writers and expert writers in fulfilling the rhetorical goal of abstracts to shed light on the degree...

  7. Autoriaus pozicijos švelninimas: tarpdalykiniai ir tarpkalbiniai raiškos priemoni? ypatumai. Hedging in Lithuanian and English research articles: a cross – disciplinary and cross – linguistic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanta Šink?nien?

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Hedging is a linguistic strategy frequently employed in scientific writing to diminish the author‘s commitment to the accompanying proposition and to mitigate claims, thus presenting a proposition as a possibility or probability rather than a fact. This article describes the results of a pilot study on the frequency and variety of hedging devices in Lithuanian and English research articles in two different disciplines (linguistics and medicine. The study is limited to lexical hedges only. The results of a cross – disciplinary study demonstrate that in the field of medicine, researchers tend to hedge less and hence are much more determined in their claims than linguists in both languages. The cross – linguistic study shows that English speaking researchers seem to use significantly more hedging devices than their Li­thuanian speaking colleagues in both disciplines. The variety of hedges used in English was also wider than in Lithuanian. Most frequently used hedges in both languages in linguistic articles were adverbs, whereas in medical articles it was modal verbs.

  8. Erratum to research development of the relationship between thymidine phosphorylase expression and colorectal carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian-Jun Ye

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Erratum to: Cancer Biol Med 2013;10:10-15. doi:10.7497/j.issn.2095-3941.2013.01.002In the published article1, an error appeared on page 10. The footnote about corresponding author should have read as follows:Correspondence to: Ji-Min ZhangEmail: jimin0820@163.comThe authors and the journal apologize for the error and for any confusion it may have caused.

  9. Using the Web and computer corpora as language resources for the translation of complex noun phrases in medical research articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Maniez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Researchers in the field of automatic translation and natural language processing have been using the Web as a language resource for a number of years. Likewise, mastery of the advanced syntax of the Web's search engines, in order to retrieve the appropriate terminological and phraseological information, has now become an important element among the specialized translator's necessary skills, especially in the field of medicine, which is widely covered on the Web. In the case of noun phrases, checking the currency of the various word groupings that can be inferred when analyzing a syntactically ambiguous expression (whether on the Web or in digital corpora yields interesting results for the improvement of existing computer applications. Yet, the use of annotated corpora to retrieve potentially ambiguous noun phrases also has pedagogical applications, both in terms of attracting students' attention to some common pitfalls and providing them with the tools that they need in order to solve the difficulties that such structures create. ---------------------------------------------------- Uso de la Web y de corpus informáticos para la traducción de grupos nominales complejos en artículos de investigación médica. Los investigadores dedicados a la traducción automática y el procesamiento del lenguaje natural han utilizado la Web como recurso lingüístico desde hace ya bastante tiempo. Del mismo modo, el conocimiento profundo de la sintaxis avanzada para recuperar la información terminológica y fraseológica correcta en los buscadores de la red se ha convertido en un conocimiento que los traductores especializados deben añadir a sus destrezas básicas, especialmente en el campo de la medicina, tan ampliamente cubierto en la red. En el caso de grupos nominales, la comprobación de la vigencia de los distintos grupos de palabras que pueden utilizarse para analizar una expresión ambigua desde el punto de vista sintáctico (en la red o en corpus digitales, rinde interesantes resultados para mejorar las aplicaciones informáticas existentes. Sin embargo, el uso de corpus anotados para recuperar frases nominales potencialmente ambiguas también tiene aplicaciones pedagógicas, tanto para atraer la atención de los estudiantes hacia algunos escollos comunes como para brindarles los instrumentos necesarios para resolver las dificultades derivadas de dichas estructuras.

  10. Short communication: expression of transporters and metabolizing enzymes in the female lower genital tract: implications for microbicide research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Tian; Hu, Minlu; Cost, Marilyn; Poloyac, Samuel; Rohan, Lisa

    2013-11-01

    Topical vaginal microbicides have been considered a promising option for preventing the male-to-female sexual transmission of HIV; however, clinical trials to date have not clearly demonstrated robust and reproducible effectiveness results. While multiple approaches may help enhance product effectiveness observed in clinical trials, increasing the drug exposure in lower genital tract tissues is a compelling option, given the difficulty in achieving sufficient drug exposure and positive correlation between tissue exposure and microbicide efficacy. Since many microbicide drug candidates are substrates of transporters and/or metabolizing enzymes, there is emerging interest in improving microbicide exposure and efficacy through local modulation of transporters and enzymes in the female lower genital tract. However, no systematic information on transporter/enzyme expression is available for ectocervical and vaginal tissues of premenopausal women, the genital sites most relevant to microbicide drug delivery. The current study utilized reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to examine the mRNA expression profile of 22 transporters and 19 metabolizing enzymes in premenopausal normal human ectocervix and vagina. Efflux and uptake transporters important for antiretroviral drugs, such as P-gp, BCRP, OCT2, and ENT1, were found to be moderately or highly expressed in the lower genital tract as compared to liver. Among the metabolizing enzymes examined, most CYP isoforms were not detected while a number of UGTs such as UGT1A1 were highly expressed. Moderate to high expression of select transporters and enzymes was also observed in mouse cervix and vagina. The implications of this information on microbicide research is also discussed, including microbicide pharmacokinetics, the utilization of the mouse model in microbicide screening, as well as the in vivo functional studies of cervicovaginal transporters and enzymes. PMID:23607746

  11. EDITORIAL ARTICLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Anil K. Sharma

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available It gives me an immense pleasure to bring out the Volume 2 (Issue 1 of Current Trends in Biotechnology & Chemical Research (CTBCR to our scientific community with twelve articles including research, reviews and case-studies. CTBCR is a Half yearly Open Access journal that publishes papers related to the study and application of biotechnology related to (i Medicine, Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, (ii Agriculture and Plant Biotechnology, and (iii Environment and Biodiversity. CTBCR recognizes that Biotechnology also relies heavily on chemical research therefore CTBCR will present information on interdisciplinary aspects of chemical research in biotechnology. Also it will address various complexities associated with structure-function and application of chemistry and other tools and techniques applied in Biotechnology. CTBCR will appeal to scientists and engineers in both academia and industry focused on the safe and efficient application of Biotechnology to Medicine, chemistry, Agriculture , pharmacy and the environment. The current issue features articles on phytoremediation looking at the effect of industrial effluents on growth parameters of phytoremediators; predicting de-novo generated, iteratively optimized new lead molecules targeting HIV-1 protease; optimizing process parameters for decolorization of anaerobically digested Molasses Spent Wash using Aspergillus niger.  There are couple of excellent review articles on “Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy” and on “Aflatoxins”. The issue also features two case reports and other research articles on antibacterial potential of Ganoderma lucidum extract; synthesis and bioactivity of novel imidazoles; a simpler method to synthesize NiO nanoparticles; template formation by aluminium anodization processes for the synthesis of nanomaterials and lastly an article on formulation and evaluation of fast dissolving tablets of Cefpodoxime proxetil. The main focus of this issue of CTBCR has been on healthcare, pharmaceuticals, nutrition, chemistry, food and agriculture technologies.  The issue covers not only basic aspects but also applications and commercialization. Special attention has been given to papers and topics of the interdisciplinary intersections between the major disciplines i.e. medicine and nutrition or chemistry and environment, microorganisms and bio-molecules etc.  All the abstracts published in CTBCR do have a wide-reach fulfilling our primary aim for sharing of the knowledge and for contributing to the progress in the study area. While thanking all the editorial board members for their continued support and timely interactions, we reiterate our commitment for ethical, quality publications in all areas of Biotechnology and chemical research, and to continue to evolve progressively for the benefit of our contributors and readers. Together with the Board of Editors, we will seek to publish only scientifically sound information, wellwritten and informative news in Biotechnology and chemical research. I am very happy and proud to introduce an impeccable list of Editorial and Advisory Board Members. By doing this venture we hope to familiarize our authors and readers with their respective field of expertise. We would also invite our senior editorial board members and other experts from diverse areas to act as Guest Editors of special issues devoted to selected topics in the coming months. I hope that you will enjoy reading this issue of CTBCR.

  12. Library Research, Luxury or Necessity? Comments on the Original Article by Carmel Maguire, "Library Research, Luxury or Necessity?" "The Australian Library Journal", 22 No. 4: 152-157, 1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maguire, Carmel

    2011-01-01

    I am grateful to the Editor for giving me excuse to delve into the fossil record. I confidently hope that my article was written before most of The Australian Library Journal's present readership was born. I am happy to stay with my pragmatic attempt at a definition of research as an intensified search undertaken with the hope of finding something…

  13. Investigating Frequency and Distribution of Transition Markers in English and Persian Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Focusing on Their Introduction Sections

    OpenAIRE

    Leila Bahrami

    2012-01-01

    The pressure to produce work in English and to publish internationally has increased over recent years. However, a large number of non-native writers may be excluded from the web of global scholarship due to defective rhetorical organizations and discourse structures of their works. This study aimed to investigate frequency and distribution of transition markers (TMs) in introduction sections of applied linguistics research articles (RAs) written by native writers of English (NE), non- native...

  14. Tracing convergence and divergence in pairs of Spanish and English research article abstracts: The case of Ibérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Perales-Escudero

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates patterns of rhetorical convergence and divergence in pairs of RA abstracts (English-Spanish and Spanish-English published in the journal Ibérica. To that end, a total of 84 pairs of author-translated RA abstracts were analyzed. Based on the results of a pilot study, the following rhetorical patterns were analyzed in the corpus: text-referring expressions, degree of epistemic commitment, amplified attitude, self-mention, and periphrastic (e.g. multi-word expressions. In addition, selected authorial input was requested to seek further explanations about the variation across these two languages. For text-referring expressions, broad cross-linguistic convergence was found in the expressions used and the degree to which the text is given agency. By contrast, the abstracts in Spanish were found to include greater degree of epistemic commitment, more amplified expressions of attitude, more self-mention, particularly in the plural first person, and periphrastic equivalents. Authorial input indicated that some of these diverging patterns were due to collocational differences but they were also influenced by beliefs about what is more natural in Spanish. Our results suggest that there may be specific lexical bundles performing intensifying functions in Spanish that deserve further investigation. These findings may have implications for ESP pedagogy and translation studies.

  15. Education Resourcing in Post-Apartheid South Africa: The Impact of Finance Equity Reforms in Public Schooling: Research Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motala, Shireen

    2006-01-01

    Through an analysis of recent quantitative data on equity and school funding in South Africa, this article aims to explicate the patterns and typology of inequality in post-apartheid South Africa, and to deepen our understanding of the construct of equity. It also aims to understand the application of equity in the context of public schooling…

  16. Do open access working papers attract more citations compared to printed journal articles from the same research unit?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elleby, Anita; Ingwersen, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an empirical case study of the characteristics of citations received by 10 open accessible non-peer reviewed working papers published by a prestigious multidisciplinary, but basically social science institute, compared to 10 printed peer reviewed journal articles published in the same year (2004) by the same institute and predominantly by the same authors. The study analyzes the total amount of citations and citation impact observed in Web of Science (WoS) and Google Scholar (GS) received during five-year periode 2004-09 (February) by the two publication types, the citation distributions over the individual sample publications and observed years as well as over external, institutional and personal self-citations. The institute concerned is the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Copenhagen. The results demonstrate that the open access working papers publicy accessible through DIIS e-archive became far less cited than the corresponding sample of DIIS journal articles published in printed form. However, highly cited working papers have higher impact than the average of the lower half of cited articles. Citation time series show identical distinct patterns for the article in WoS and GS and working papers in GS, more than doubling the amount of citations received through the latter source.

  17. Collaborative Work as an Alternative for Writing Research Articles (El trabajo colaborativo como alternativa para la escritura de artículos investigativos)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvajal Medina, Nancy Emilce; Roberto Flórez, Eliana Edith

    2014-01-01

    Academic writing in English in our context is a significant aspect that can be innovative when a convergence model of writing stages is used along with collaborative work. This article reports on a study aimed at analyzing how collaborative work relates to undergraduate electronics students' academic writing development in English as a foreign…

  18. Descripción de las formas de justificación de los objetivos en artículos de investigación en español de seis áreas científicas (Description of the Justification Forms in Research Articles in Spanish in Six Scientific Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Sabaj Meruane

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La justificación de los objetivos de investigación es una parte consustancial de la producción científica. A pesar de ello, no existen descripciones detalladas de cómo esta práctica se realiza en distintas áreas de la ciencia. En este trabajo analizamos los extractos textuales de justificación de un corpus representativo de 162 artículos de investigación, correspondientes a seis áreas de la ciencia. Utilizando los lineamientos de la teoría fundada, los resultados del análisis muestran que la justificación no siempre se plasma en un movimiento retórico determinado en estos textos. Se puede establecer, además, que el ámbito de justificación puede corresponder a problemáticas o argumentos de distinto nivel, y que la forma más común de justificar una investigación se basa en los aportes, implicancias o aplicabilidad de los resultados. Por último, proponemos que las formas retóricas que adopta la justificación son sensibles a las variaciones determinadas por la naturaleza epistemológica, los objetos de estudio y los procedimientos metodológicos utilizados en cada una de las áreas de la ciencia. (The justification of research objectives is an inherent part of scientific production. However, there are not any detailed descriptions as to how this practice is carried out in different scientific areas. In this article, we analyzetextual extracts of justification from a representative corpus of 162 research articles, corresponding to six scientific disciplines. Using the guidelines of the Grounded Theory, the results of the analysis show that the justification is not always expressed as a determined rhetorical move in these texts. Furthermore, it can be established that the field of justification can correspond to problems and arguments of distinctive levels, and that the most common way to justify a research project is based on the contributions, implicationsor applicability of the results. Finally, we propose that the rhetoric forms that the justification takes are sensible to variations determined by the nature of epistemology, the objects of study and the methodological procedures used in each of the scientific areas.

  19. Automatic Facial Expression Analysis A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.P. Sumathi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Automatic Facial Expression Recognition has been one of the latest research topic since1990’s.There have been recent advances in detecting face, facial expression recognition andclassification. There are multiple methods devised for facial feature extraction which helps in identifyingface and facial expressions. This paper surveys some of the published work since 2003 till date. Variousmethods are analysed to identify the Facial expression. The Paper also discusses about the facialparameterization using Facial Action Coding System(FACS action units and the methods whichrecognizes the action units parameters using facial expression data that are extracted. Various kinds offacial expressions are present in human face which can be identified based on their geometric features,appearance features and hybrid features . The two basic concepts of extracting features are based onfacial deformation and facial motion. This article also identifies the techniques based on thecharacteristics of expressions and classifies the suitable methods that can be implemented.

  20. Do open access working papers attract more citations compared to printed journal articles from the same research unit?

    OpenAIRE

    Ingwersen, Peter; Elleby, Anita Bjerg

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an empirical case study of the characteristics of citations received by 10 open accessible non-peer reviewed working papers published by a prestigious multidisciplinary, but basically social science institute, compared to 10 printed peer reviewed journal articles published in the same year (2004) by the same institute and predominantly by the same authors. The study analyzes the total amount of citations and citation impact observed in Web of Science (WoS) a...

  1. New Developments in Sleep Research: Molecular Genetics, Gene Expression, and Systems Neurobiology

    OpenAIRE

    Kilduff, Thomas S.; Lein, Ed S.; de la Iglesia, Horacio; Sakurai, Takeshi; Fu, Ying-Hui; Shaw,Paul

    2008-01-01

    Understanding the mechanisms that underlie the control of sleep and wakefulness is a major research area in neuroscience. This mini-symposium review highlights some recent developments at the gene, molecular, cellular, and systems level that have advanced this field. The studies discussed below utilize organisms ranging from flies to humans and focus on the interaction between the sleep homeostatic and circadian systems, the consequences of mutations in genes involved in the circadian clock o...

  2. Journal ratings as predictors of articles quality in Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: an analysis based on the Italian Research Evaluation Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaccorsi, Andrea; Cicero, Tindaro; Ferrara, Antonio; Malgarini, Marco

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to understand whether the probability of receiving positive peer reviews is influenced by having published in an independently assessed, high-ranking journal: we eventually interpret a positive relationship among peer evaluation and journal ranking as evidence that journal ratings are good predictors of article quality. The analysis is based on a large dataset of over 11,500 research articles published in Italy in the period 2004-2010 in the areas of architecture, arts and humanities, history and philosophy, law, sociology and political sciences. These articles received a score by a large number of externally appointed referees in the context of the Italian research assessment exercise (VQR); similarly, journal scores were assigned in a panel-based independent assessment, which involved all academic journals in which Italian scholars have published, carried out under a different procedure. The score of an article is compared with that of the journal it is published in: more specifically, we first estimate an ordered probit model, assessing the probability for a paper of receiving a higher score, the higher the score of the journal; in a second step, we concentrate on the top papers, evaluating the probability of a paper receiving an excellent score having been published in a top-rated journal. In doing so, we control for a number of characteristics of the paper and its author, including the language of publication, the scientific field and its size, the age of the author and the academic status. We add to the literature on journal classification by providing for the first time a large scale test of the robustness of expert-based classification. PMID:26309731

  3. El resumen del artículo científico de investigación y recomendaciones para su redacción The abstract of the scientific research article and some recommendations for writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dania Silva Hernández

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Se exponen algunas funciones del resumen de un artículo científico de investigación y los problemas que con más frecuencia se observa en ellos. Se presentan algunos datos históricos sobre el origen del resumen, su concepto, tipos y 15 recomendaciones prácticas para su redacción. Apoyada en estas recomendaciones, se propone un esquema de trabajo dividido en cuatro momentos para lograr paso a paso un buen resumen, que equivale a que esté bien redactado y tenga un contenido coherente con el artículo. Un resumen con estas condiciones conseguirá que la opinión primaria de directores, árbitros, editores y lectores sobre un artículo sea favorable; lo contrario llevará con seguridad a un dictamen desfavorable. Se puede afirmar entonces que el futuro de un artículo depende en gran medida de la calidad de su resumen.Some functions of the abstract of a scientific research article were presented in this paper, together with the most frequent problems found. Likewise, some historical data on the origin, concept, and types of abstract were provided as well as 15 practical recommendations for its writing. On the basis of these recommendations, a working outline divided into four moments is suggested, with a view to attaining step by step a good abstract, that is to say, a well-written abstract with a content that matches the article. An abstract having these conditions can help to create favourable primary opinions in directors, arbiters, editors and readers about the article, otherwise would cause an unfavorable opinion. It may be stated that the future of a research article depends largely on the quality of its abstract.

  4. Journal ratings as predictors of articles quality in Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: an analysis based on the Italian Research Evaluation Exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaccorsi, Andrea; Cicero, Tindaro; Ferrara, Antonio; Malgarini, Marco

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to understand whether the probability of receiving positive peer reviews is influenced by having published in an independently assessed, high-ranking journal: we eventually interpret a positive relationship among peer evaluation and journal ranking as evidence that journal ratings are good predictors of article quality. The analysis is based on a large dataset of over 11,500 research articles published in Italy in the period 2004-2010 in the areas of architecture, arts and humanities, history and philosophy, law, sociology and political sciences. These articles received a score by a large number of externally appointed referees in the context of the Italian research assessment exercise (VQR); similarly, journal scores were assigned in a panel-based independent assessment, which involved all academic journals in which Italian scholars have published, carried out under a different procedure. The score of an article is compared with that of the journal it is published in: more specifically, we first estimate an ordered probit model, assessing the probability for a paper of receiving a higher score, the higher the score of the journal; in a second step, we concentrate on the top papers, evaluating the probability of a paper receiving an excellent score having been published in a top-rated journal. In doing so, we control for a number of characteristics of the paper and its author, including the language of publication, the scientific field and its size, the age of the author and the academic status. We add to the literature on journal classification by providing for the first time a large scale test of the robustness of expert-based classification. PMID:26309731

  5. Gender expression, sexual orientation and pain sensitivity in women

    OpenAIRE

    Vigil, Jacob M.; Rowell, Lauren N; Lutz, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    Biological sex is known to have significant effects on pain, with women typically experiencing higher levels of pain compared with men. Although extensive research has been conducted investigating the effects of biological sex on pain, research investigating the effects of gender and sexual orientation is lacking, particularly with regard to women. The authors of this article conducted a study investigating correlations between measures of gender expression and preferred gender expression in ...

  6. Investigação em cancro gástrico: artigos publicados em revistas nacionais e internacionais por autores portugueses / Gastric cancer research: articles published in national and international journals by portuguese authors

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nuno, Lunet; Rui, Carvalho; Henrique, Barros.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O cancro do estômago permanece um dos mais frequentes, especialmente nos países em desenvolvimento, pelo que poderá tornar-se numa doença negligenciada no que respeita aos esforços de investigação. O Japão apresenta das mais elevadas taxas de incidência em todo o mundo e contribui actual [...] mente para a maior parte das publicações científicas nesta área. Sendo Portugal um dos países com mais elevada frequência de cancro do estômago no mundo desenvolvido, o objectivo deste estudo foi caracterizar, quanto aos objectivos dos estudos e afiliação dos autores, as publicações sobre adenocarcinoma gástrico e/ou lesões pré-cancerosas do estômago publicadas por investigadores portugueses. Métodos: Pesquisámos as bases de dados MEDLINE® e Index de Revistas Médicas Portuguesas no período 19922003 e revimos os resumos dos artigos identificados. Excluíram-se os que não reportavam investigação original e os baseados exclusivamente no estudo de linhas celulares ou em experimentação animal. Obtivemos o número de citações dos artigos publicados em revistas internacionais através da Web of Science®. Resultados: Identificaram-se 88 artigos em revistas internacionais e 53 em revistas nacionais. Os artigos de pendor clínico são mais frequentemente publicados em revistas portuguesas e a investigação dos factores de risco e da etiologia nas publicações internacionais. A genética/epidemiologia molecular foi o assunto mais estudado nos artigos de revistas internacionais, na sua maioria abordando mecanismos/etiologia/factores de risco (n=55, 89%). A maior parte (81%) dos artigos publicados em revistas internacionais são de grupos de investigação do Porto, sendo também os mais citados (número mediano de citações até 2004 = 15). Conclusão: A publicação da investigação em cancro do estômago em revistas nacionais ou internacionais depende do objecto de estudo. A alta proporção de artigos no campo da genética contrasta com o reduzido número de publicações acerca do papel etiológico de exposições decorrentes dos estilos de vida. Abstract in english Background: Gastric cancer remains one of the most frequent worldwide, though it may become a neglected disease concerning the research efforts due to its lower frequency in the developed countries. Japan is responsible for most of the stomach cancer research all over the world, with an increasing t [...] rend in the study of genetic susceptibility and the use of molecular markers. Portugal, like Japan, presents one of the highest incidence and mortality rates in the developed world, and our aim was to characterize articles addressing gastric adenocarcinoma or the respective precancerous lesions published by Portuguese researchers, according to the study subjects and authors’ affiliation. Methods: MEDLINE® and Portuguese Medical Journals Index databases were searched within the period 1992-2003 and the abstracts of the identified articles were reviewed. We obtained the number of citations for articles published in international journals through the Web of Science®. Those not reporting original research and those based exclusively in the study of cell lines or animal experimentation, were excluded. Results: We identified 88 articles in international journals (70% addressed cancer mechanisms/etiology/risk factors) and 53 in national journals (87% reported therapy/clinical and pathological descriptions). Genetic/ molecular topics were the most studied in articles on cancer mechanisms/etiology/risk factors from international journals (n=55, 89%). Most articles (81%) published in international journals come from groups from Porto, and these were also the most cited (median number of citations until 2004 = 15). Conclusion: The study scope is a major determinant for publication of stomach cancer research by Portuguese authors in national or international journals. The high proportion of studies on genetics/molecular biology is in contrast with the scarce number of published works addressing the etiological

  7. Library and Information Science Research Areas: A Content Analysis of Articles from the Top 10 Journals 2007-8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Noa

    2012-01-01

    The current study seeks to describe and analyze journal research publications in the top 10 Library and Information Science journals from 2007-8. The paper presents a statistical descriptive analysis of authorship patterns (geographical distribution and affiliation) and keywords. Furthermore, it displays a thorough content analysis of keywords and…

  8. The communication problems of Spanish researchers to get research articles published in Applied Linguistics English-medium journals: proposal and analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno, Ana I

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a revised version of a three-hour seminar given in Spanish at the VIII Semana de la Ciencia en Madrid, Spain, 18 November 2008, under the title: ??Es el discurso cient??fico universal en su contenido y forma?. The purpose of this seminar was to introduce a non-specialised audience to a relatively new field of research within Applied Linguistics, known as Intercultural Rhetoric. This research field mainly seeks to describe and explain the communication problems encountered by wri...

  9. A organização do conhecimento na dinâmica da pesquisa em artigos da literatura científica da Brapci / Knowledge organization in the dynamics of research in the scientific literature of articles at Brapci

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juliana Lazzarotto, Freitas; Bruna Silva do, Nascimento; Leilah Santiago, Bufrem.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as dimensões de pesquisa expressas concretamente na literatura da área de Organização do Conhecimento. Considera que a produção científica desenvolvida em determinados contextos sociais e momentos históricos reflete as mudanças e contradições desse contexto, tanto em sua organiza [...] ção interna quanto em suas aplicações. Questiona como se configuram as relações entre as opções metodológicas adotadas nessa literatura e o processo dinâmico de pesquisa sob a ótica multidimensional. Ilustra esse processo de análise a partir de um corpus de 105 artigos recuperados da Base Referencial de Artigos de Periódicos em Ciência da Informação, entre 2003 e 2012. Utiliza os softwares Endnote e Excel para organização e análise dos dados coletados. Categoriza os artigos de pesquisa sob o ponto de vista de seu objeto e delineamento metodológico, bem como de suas relações teóricas por meio de estudo de citação. Evidencia os autores mais expressivos e atuantes na área de Organização do Conhecimento no Brasil. Identifica os periódicos mais devotados ao tema e conclui que a produção científica brasileira sobre o tema distribui-se de maneira irregular ao longo do período analisado, tendo seu ápice no ano de 2011, durante o qual são publicados 18,27% dos artigos. Finaliza estabelecendo relações entre as correntes teóricas da Organização do Conhecimento e os enfoques e temáticas predominantes no corpus. Os enfoques de pesquisa de maior incidência foram o teórico e o linguístico, e o tipo de análise foi documental. Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to analyze the research dimensions expressed in the literature in the field of knowledge organization. We consider that scientific investigation developed in certain social contexts and historical conjunctures reflects the changes and contradictions present in these contexts [...] , both in its organization and applications. This process is illustrated from a corpus of 105 articles retrieved from the referential database of journal articles on Information Science between 2003 and 2012. Endnote and Excel software were used for organizing and analyzing the data collected. The articles are categorized according to their object and methodological approach, as well as their theoretical foundations through the study of citations. Throughout this investigation, we point out the most expressive and active authors in the field of knowledge organization in Brazil. We also identify the journals that are more devoted to the theme and we conclude that Brazilian scientific production on the theme is irregularly distributed over the period of time analyzed, peaking in 2011 when 18,27% of the total number of articles were published. We conclude by establishing the relationship between theoretical currents of knowledge organization and the prevalent approaches and themes found in the corpus. The focus of the most prevalent research approaches were the theoretical and linguistic approaches and the type of analysis was documentary.

  10. ESCAP Expert Article: Borderline personality disorder in adolescence: An expert research review with implications for clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonagy, Peter; Speranza, Mario; Luyten, Patrick; Kaess, Michael; Hessels, Christel; Bohus, Martin

    2015-11-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has onset in adolescence, but is typically first diagnosed in young adulthood. This paper provides a narrative review of the current evidence on diagnosis, comorbidity, phenomenology and treatment of BPD in adolescence. Instruments available for diagnosis are reviewed and their strengths and limitations discussed. Having confirmed the robustness of the diagnosis and the potential for its reliable clinical assessment, we then explore current understandings of the mechanisms of the disorder and focus on neurobiological underpinnings and research on psychological mechanisms. Findings are accumulating to suggest that adolescent BPD has an underpinning biology that is similar in some ways to adult BPD but differs in some critical features. Evidence for interventions focuses on psychological therapies. Several encouraging research studies suggest that early effective treatment is possible. Treatment development has just begun, and while adolescent-specific interventions are still in the process of evolution, most existing therapies represent adaptations of adult models to this developmental phase. There is also a significant opportunity for prevention, albeit there are few data to date to support such initiatives. This review emphasizes that there can be no justification for failing to make an early diagnosis of this enduring and pervasive problem. PMID:26271454

  11. Producción de artículos latinoamericanos de investigación en enfermería indexados en Medline / The Production of Medline Indexed Articles on Nursing Research in Latin America

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Raúl A., Borracci; María M., Rabhansl de Desmery.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de evaluar la producción de artículos de enfermería provenientes de Latinoamérica publicados en revistas internacionales, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de artículos de enfermería en PubMed entre 1997 y 2006. Se encontraron 1.246 artículos latinoamericanos publicados en revist [...] as indexadas en Medline; el 46% (575/1.246) provenían de una Escuela o Departamento de Enfermería y el resto eran de otro origen. Brasil y México contribuyeron con el 76% de las publicaciones. Los tipos de artículos y prioridades incluyeron estudios observacionales y ensayos clínicos controlados (39%), salud pública (34%), cuidados de enfermería (14%) y recursos humanos (13%). El 44% de los artículos se publicaron en revistas de enfermería y el resto en otras revistas biomédicas. En conclusión, esta evaluación de la producción científica latinoamericana en enfermería, basada en la cantidad de artículos publicados en revistas indexadas en Medline, arrojó un producto que muestra fuertes diferencias entre los países de la región, con Brasil y México con el mayor número (76%) de las publicaciones. Abstract in english The objective of this work was to assess the production of articles on nursing research from Latin American countries published in international journals. A bibliographic search of nursing research articles was carried out in PubMed during the period 1997-2006. A total of 1246 articles from Latin Am [...] erican countries were published in Medline indexed journals; 46% (575/1246) came from a Nursing School or Department and the rest from other sources. Brazil and Mexico contributed with 76% of publications. Types of studies and priorities included observational and controlled clinical studies (39%), public health (34%), nursing care (14%) and human resources (13%). Forty four percent of articles were published in indexed nursing journals, and the rest in others biomedical journals. In conclusion, the scientific production on nursing from Latin America was assessed according to the number of publications indexed in Medline. This product shows strong differences among the countries, with Brazil and Mexico alone accounting for 76% of publications.

  12. Asperger’s Disorder and Nonverbal Learning Disability: Similarity Between Cognitive Profile and Memory Functions Research Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ay?e K?l?nçaslan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Nonverbal learning disability (NVLD is a condition associated with prominent nonverbal deficits such as reduced perceptual and spatial abilities, while the verbal abilities remain relatively intact. Some researchers have reported that there is a considerable overlap between cognitive and behavioral features of Asperger’s Disorder (AD and NVLD. The present study aimed to assess the hypothesis of the presence of NVLD in AD using a neuropsychological battery, which primarily focused on memory, in a group of children and adolescents from the Turkish population. Methods: 21 individuals, aged 7-16 years, - who referred to Istanbul Medical Faculty Child Psychiatry Department and were diagnosed with AD according to DSM-IV criteria, and 18 age-, gender-, IQ- and education level-matched volunteer controls were evaluated. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, California Verbal Learning Test-Children’s Version, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, and The Benton Judgment of Line Orientation and Facial Recognition tests were administered to the participants.Results: The AD group performed similarly to the controls on verbal memory and verbal comprehension, but was significantly poorer in short- and long-term visual memory, perceptual organization and visuospatial constructional abilities. Conclusion: This study confirmed that the neuropsychological profile of the individuals with AD is closely similar to that of NVLD. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2011; 48: 140-6

  13. ¿Explicitan los autores de la Revista Médica de Chile sus fuentes de financiamiento? / Disclosure of financial sources and conflicts of interest among research articles published in Revista Médica de Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    William, Romero G; Sofía P, Salas.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english Background: Financial relationships between the industry and researchers have raised concerns about the existence of conflicts of interest that could influence the scientific validity of the studies. Aim: To determine the financial sources of research articles published in the Revista Médica de Chil [...] e during a five-year period. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of all articles classified as “research articles”, published in this journal between years 2001-2005, identifying the funding source and the existence of a declaration of conflicts of interest by the authors. Results: Two hundred seventeen out of 519 research articles published in the period (42%) had an explicit financial source disclosed. Of these, 28% were funded by internal sources, 36% by Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico and 36% by other sources. Twenty-six studies (5%) received funding from the industry. In only five of these, the authors explicity declared the absence of conflict of interest. Among the studies that did not disclose any financial source, one third required some funding to be carried out. Conclusions: Forty two percent of research articles published in the last five years did not specify the financial source. Those that did specify a funding source were mainly supported by non-profit agencies including university centers and governmental funds. This is in contrast with international reports that evidence an important financial support from the industry. Only a minority of the authors sponsored by the industry declared absence of conflict of interest

  14. PDF articles metadata harvester

    OpenAIRE

    Abdillah, Leon Andretti

    2013-01-01

    Scientific journals are very important in recording the finding from researchers around the world. The recent media to disseminate scientific journals is PDF. On scheme to find the scientific journals over the internet is via metadata. Metadata stores information about article summary. Embedding metadata into PDF of scientific article will grant the consistency of metadata readness. Harvesting the metadata from scientific journal is very interesting field at the moment. This...

  15. On Reviewing and Writing a Scholarly Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettis, Jerry L., Sr.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides guidelines for reviewing and writing scholarly articles for the professional who reads and writes them for his/her own work and/or for publication in scientific journals. It outlines the purpose and contents of each section of a research article and provides a checklist for reviewing and writing a research article. This…

  16. A comparative study of gratitude expressions in Norwegian and English from an interlanguage pragmatic and second language acquisition research perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Johansen,Stine Hulleberg

    2008-01-01

    The aims and goals of this study have been to find out how native speakers of Norwegian and learners of English as a foreign language express gratitude in certain situations. Based on the impression that Norwegians may appear impolite to people from other cultures, I hypothesised that this might be related to how Norwegians express gratitude in English, i.e. that they do not adjust to the sociopragmatic and pragmalinguistic norms of English, but simply transfer their L1 strategies. To determi...

  17. FlyExpress: visual mining of spatiotemporal patterns for genes and publications in Drosophila embryogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Sudhir; Konikoff, Charlotte; Van Emden, Bernard; Busick, Christopher; Davis, Kailah T.; Ji, Shuiwang; Wu, Lin-Wei; Ramos, Hector; Brody, Thomas; Panchanathan, Sethuraman; Ye, Jieping; Karr, Timothy L; Gerold, Kristyn; McCutchan, Michael; Newfeld, Stuart J

    2011-01-01

    Summary: Images containing spatial expression patterns illuminate the roles of different genes during embryogenesis. In order to generate initial clues to regulatory interactions, biologists frequently need to know the set of genes expressed at the same time at specific locations in a developing embryo, as well as related research publications. However, text-based mining of image annotations and research articles cannot produce all relevant results, because the primary data are images that ex...

  18. Preliminary research on differentially expressed genes in mouse bone marrow 4h after 7Gy ?-ray radiation in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the molecular mechanism of bone marrow injury of acute radiation syndrome, gene expression of bone marrow in mice after whole body irradiation was studied. Methods: The molecular biology technology including suppression subtractive hybridization, cDNA array hybridization and Northern hybridization were used to study differential gene expression of mRNA level in bone marrow of C57BL/6J mouse 4h after 7Gy 60Co ?-ray radiation in vivo. Results: A series possibly induced genes after irradiation were obtained. The function of these genes related to cell cycle control, anti-oxidation, DNA repair, and hematopoiesis-immune response. The differential expression of CDKN1A and S100A8 gene were validated by further experiment. Conclusions: The function of those differentially expressed genes after irradiation illuminated that radiation effects, such as DNA damage, cell cycle arrest and oxidation reaction which often happened in mammalian cells, also took place in bone marrow cells after irradiation. Furthermore, the hematopoiesis-immune function and the neuroimmunoendocrine regulation in bone marrow were also changed. (authors)

  19. Business Education Index 1987. Volume 48. Index of Business Education Articles, Research Studies, and Textbooks Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals, Publishers, and Yearbooks Published during the Year 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCauley, Rosemarie, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    This index lists business education articles, research studies, and textbooks that were compiled from a selected list of periodicals, publishers, and yearbooks published during 1987. A total of 19 general publications and 48 periodicals were indexed. The materials are indexed under 94 subject headings, including the following: accounting,…

  20. Towards Real-Life Facial Expression Recognition Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BENTA, K.-I.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Facial expressions are a set of symbols of great importance for human-to-human communication. Spontaneous in their nature, diverse and personal, facial expressions demand for real-time, complex, robust and adaptable facial expression recognition (FER systems to facilitate the human-computer interaction. The last years' research efforts in the recognition of facial expressions are preparing FER systems to step into the real-life. In order to meet the before-mentioned requirements, this article surveys the work in FER since 2008, particularly adopting the discrete states emotion model in a quest for the most valuable FER work/systems. We first present the new spontaneous facial expression databases and then organize the real-time FER solutions grouped by spontaneous and posed facial expression databases. Then automatic FERs are compared and the cross-database validation method is presented. Finally, we outline FER system open issues to meet real-life challenges.

  1. Too Few Articles in the Journal Literature on Instruction in Academic Libraries are Research?Based. A review of: Crawford, Gregory A., and Jessica Feldt. “An Analysis of the Literature on Instruction in Academic Libraries.” Reference & User Services Quarterly 46.3 (Spr. 2007: 77?87.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt Blythe

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To discover which journals publish a preponderance of the literature on instruction in academic libraries, and to further learn what topics are discussed in the literature and what methods of inquiry are used to explore those topics.Design – Comparative analysis.Setting – The ERIC database.Subjects – Journal articles published between 1971 and 2002, found in the ERIC database via the descriptor ‘library instruction.’Methods – Journal articles published between 1971 and 2002 were searched in the ERIC database using the term ‘library instruction,’ because the term has been used by ERIC since the inception of the database. Article characteristics such as year of publication, journal in which a given article was published, and types of articles were identified. After normalizing the identification of article types by comparing individual codifications of a random sample of articles from the results list, the researchers coded all of the articles according to the articles’ main topics. These article topics were then condensed into broader topics (e.g. articles coded initially as addressing the topics of instruction to “graduate students” or “high school students” were condensed under the heading “instruction of specific populations”. Those articles deemed to have a research component were further analyzed in terms of research methodology, scope, and use of statistics. The questions guiding the authors? study consisted of:• In which journals are articles on instruction in academic libraries published?• What are the topics of the articles that have been published?• How has the literature of instruction in academic libraries changed over the years?• What is the nature of research [authors? emphasis] articles on instruction in academic libraries?• For research articles, what are the research methods used and what types of statistics are utilized? (77?78.Main results – The search found 791 articles appearing in 90 journals. However, only six journals were responsible for publishing 60% of the articles on the results list. Based on the categorization into topics or types,five article types – “general essays,” articles on “instruction for searching online catalogs and databases,” “articles on course? or assignment?related instruction,” “programmatic and management issues,”and “specific institution instruction” –accounted for 54% of the total articles; eleven other topics are represented in the remaining articles. Only 24.5% of the articles could be considered “research?based.” While nine types of research methods were used, 62.3% of the research?based articles relied on surveys or questionnaires. However, taking into account what could be an expected decline in interest for studying instruction for microforms, and an increased interest in studying instruction for the Internet, the types of articles published each year between 1971 and 2002 remained generally static.Conclusion – The authors conclude that, unsurprisingly, a select few journals are responsible for publishing the majority of articles on instruction in academic libraries, and note that these journals are “closely associated with academic librarianship and instruction” (85. The authors’ findings concerning the types of articles published over the course of the date range examined, although interesting, are equally unsurprising. What is surprising and alarming, is that only a quarter of all articles published are research-based. Furthermore, those articles that were found to be research-based did not often employ sophisticated research methods, preferring for example, the use of descriptive statistics over inferential statistics. Ideally, this article will spur the development and publication of more, and more rigorous, research?based scholarship in addition to pointing authors both to the journals most likely to publish their research and to the topics that have been historically (since 1971 underrepresented in the literature.

  2. The closterovirus-derived gene expression and RNA interference vectors as tools for research and plant biotechnology

    OpenAIRE

    ValerianV.Dolja; EugeneV.Koonin

    2013-01-01

    Important progress in understanding replication, interactions with host plants, and evolution of closteroviruses enabled engineering of several vectors for gene expression and virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS). Due to the broad host range of closteroviruses, these vectors expanded vector applicability to include important woody plants such as citrus and grapevine. Furthermore, large closterovirus genomes offer genetic capacity and stability unrivaled by other plant viral vectors. These feat...

  3. Protective articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This patent specification describes an article affording protection against radiation, and especially against X-rays comprising at least one flexible layer of lead filled material in an envelope of, or sandwiched between two layers of a knitted, woven or non-woven fabric preferably of synthetic fibrous material, carrying on its outer surface a coating of flexible polyurethane. The outer fabric provides a resilient, extremely tough and cut resistant covering for the relatively soft lead filled material. (author)

  4. LOS MODOS DE EXISTENCIA DE LA ESTRATEGIA DE SEMILLEROS EN COLOMBIA COMO EXPRESIONES DE LA COMPRENSIÓN DE LA RELACIÓN ENTRE INVESTIGACIÓN FORMATIVA Y LA INVESTIGACIÓN EN SENTIDO ESTRICTO. MÚLTIPLES LECTURAS, DIVERSAS PRÁCTICAS / MODES OF EXISTENCE OF THE STRATEGY OF RESEARCH HOTBEDS IN COLOMBIA AS EXPRESSIONS OF THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FORMATIVE RESEARCH AND RESEARCH IN A STRICT SENSE OF THE TERM: MULTIPLE INTERPRETATIONS AND DIVERSE PRACTICES

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rosa María, Bolívar Osorio.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es resultado del proyecto de investigación "Trayectoria e impacto de la estrategia semilleros de investigación de la Universidad de Antioquia para la universidad y en el contexto local y nacional". En particular, se analiza la relación entre dos conceptos que se han incorporado en el d [...] iscurso de la formación en investigación en todas las universidades colombianas como lo son el concepto de Investigación Formativa y de Investigación en sentido estricto. Los resultados reflejan la coexistencia de una multiplicidad de enfoques teórico-metodológicos en los que se expresan esas relaciones que finalmente terminan por determinar las estrategias bajo las cuales se forma en investigación actualmente en Colombia y en particular las dinámicas de los semilleros de investigación en la actualidad; concluyendo que hace falta un debate profundo sobre las condiciones pedagógicas para la formación de un investigador, tarea pendiente para una comunidad académica que en algunos casos ha recibido acríticamente los documentos de política nacional. Abstract in english This article is the result of the research project entitled "Path and impact of the strategy of research hotbeds at University of Antioquia, for the University and the local and national context." In particular, it examines the relationship between two concepts that have been incorporated into the s [...] peech in research training of all Colombian universities: Formative research and Research in the strict sense of the term. The results reflect the coexistence of a multiplicity of theoretical-methodological approaches in which those relationships are expressed, which in the long run, end up by identifying the strategies under which researchers are currently being trained in Colombia. It can be concluded that it is necessary a deep debate about the pedagogical conditions for the training of researchers. It is a pending task for an academic community, which in some cases, has uncritically received the documents of national policy.

  5. The Expressions of P53, MDM2 in Trophoblasts of Spontaneous Abortion Mouse Model and the Relevant Researches

    OpenAIRE

    Chunlan Zhou; Qian Wang; Menghuan Zeng; Liping Cheng; Xiaoyun Xie

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the mRNA expression of the related genes of p53, MDM2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia inducible transcription factors-1 a (HIF-la) in villous samples of spontaneous abortion mouse models and normal pregnancy models, and to discuss the effect of p53, MDM2 on the growth of villous trophoblast cells. Methods: The abortion-prone CBAXDBA/2 matings were established as the model of spontaneous abortion and the non-abortion-prone CBA...

  6. Research Quality and Newsworthiness of Published Articles are Partial Predictors of Journal Impact Factors. A Review of: Lokker, C., Haynes, R. B., Chu, R., McKibbon, K. A., Wilczynski, N. L., & Walter, S. D. (2012). How well are journal and clinical article characteristics associated with the journal impact factor?A retrospective cohort study. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1), 28-33. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.100.1.006

    OpenAIRE

    Jason Martin

    2012-01-01

    Objective – Determine what characteristics ofa journal’s published articles can be used topredict the journal impact factor (JIF).Design – A retrospective cohort study.Setting – The researchers are located atMcMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario,Canada.Subjects – The sample consisted of 1,267clinical research articles from 103 evidencebased and clinical journals which werepublished in 2005 and indexed in theMcMaster University Premium LiteratUreService (PLUS) database and those samejournals’...

  7. The "Improvement Rate Difference" for Single-Case Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Richard I.; Vannest, Kimberly J.; Brown, Leanne

    2009-01-01

    This article describes and field-tests the improved rate difference (IRD), a new effect size for summarizing single-case research data. Termed "risk difference" in medical research, IRD expresses the difference in successful performance between baseline and intervention phases. IRD can be calculated from visual analysis of nonoverlapping data, and…

  8. La similitud léxico-semántica en artículos de investigación científica en español: Una aproximación desde el Análisis Semántico Latente Lexical-semantic similarity in scientific research articles in Spanish: An approach to Latent Semantic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Venegas

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación es un estudio comparativo de la relación de similitud léxico-semántica entre tres variables textuales (palabras clave, resumen y el contenido de artículos de investigación científica. Además, se comparan a partir de los valores de similitud léxico-semántica dos áreas científicas (ciencias biológicas y ciencias sociales. El estudio se realiza utilizando una muestra estratificada representativa correspondiente a 22 artículos de investigación científica de ambas áreas científicas, incluidos en un corpus de 675 artículos científicos. Para la determinación de la similitud léxico-semántica entre las variables, se utiliza un método estadístico-computacional denominado Análisis Semántico Latente. Los resultados nos permiten establecer, por una parte, que en la muestra investigada el resumen ‘macrosemantiza’ mejor el contenido semántico global del artículo que las palabras clave. Por otra parte, no se presentan diferencias significativas entre los promedios de similitud léxico-semántica entre las áreas científicas estudiadas. Estos resultados se explican en función de los complejos procesos de estandarización que tienden a homogeneizar la producción científicaThis research focuses on lexical-semantic similarities found in three text variables (key words, abstract, and content in scientific research articles. Two scientific areas (biological sciences and social sciences from the values of lexical-semantic similarity are compared. The study employs a representative stratified sample of 22 scientific research articles in these two areas, which have been included in a corpus of 675 scientific articles. To determine lexical-semantic similarities among the variables, a computer-statistical method is employed, called Latent Semantic Analysis. The findings help assert, on the one hand, that the abstract ‘macro-semanticizes’ better the global semantic content of the article than do the key words. On the other hand, no meaningful differences among the averages of lexical-semantic similarity in the scientific areas studied are revealed. These findings are accounted for in terms of the generally complex standardization processes which tend to homogenize the production of this type of articles

  9. RELATIONSHIP MARKETING RESEARCH TAILORED TO SUPPORT SALES MANAGEMENT. CASE STUDY: AN INTERNATIONAL EXPRESS LOGISTICS COMPANY IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fotea Ioan Stefan

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Within current economy context, complexities and particularities most companies are constantly seeking to maximize effectiveness and efficiency of their business. As sales force represents for most organizations their “spearheds”and direct contact with the market, its management can be a source for customer satisfaction and overall efficiency. Relationship marketing research with all its particularities and dimensions, if tailored appropriately can explicitly pinpoint major sources of customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Focus of contemporary relationship marketing is the customer viewed across lifetime as a profit source and partner rather than on short term for singular transactions. Research findings help the organization better manage its sales force and generate customer satisfaction, retention and loyalty and maximize profits while achieving superior efficiency.

  10. Business Education Index 1989. Index of Business Education Articles, Research Studies, and Textbooks Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals, Publishers, and Yearbooks Published During the Year 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundgren, Carol A., Ed.

    This publication lists articles in specific business education publications and those related to business education. Emphasis is on information systems (including business communications), economics education, business teacher education, and vocational education (primarily marketing education). Some state and regional publications are included.…

  11. The perception of emotion in body expressions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Gelder, B; de Borst, A W; Watson, R

    2015-01-01

    During communication, we perceive and express emotional information through many different channels, including facial expressions, prosody, body motion, and posture. Although historically the human body has been perceived primarily as a tool for actions, there is now increased understanding that the body is also an important medium for emotional expression. Indeed, research on emotional body language is rapidly emerging as a new field in cognitive and affective neuroscience. This article reviews how whole-body signals are processed and understood, at the behavioral and neural levels, with specific reference to their role in emotional communication. The first part of this review outlines brain regions and spectrotemporal dynamics underlying perception of isolated neutral and affective bodies, the second part details the contextual effects on body emotion recognition, and final part discusses body processing on a subconscious level. More specifically, research has shown that body expressions as compared with neutral bodies draw upon a larger network of regions responsible for action observation and preparation, emotion processing, body processing, and integrative processes. Results from neurotypical populations and masking paradigms suggest that subconscious processing of affective bodies relies on a specific subset of these regions. Moreover, recent evidence has shown that emotional information from the face, voice, and body all interact, with body motion and posture often highlighting and intensifying the emotion expressed in the face and voice. PMID:26263069

  12. Research on Inhibitory Effect of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol on Vascular Endothelial Intercellular Adhesion Molecular-1 (ICAM-1 mRNA Abnormal Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuezheng Huang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The study held a research on the anti-oxidative damage effect and mechanism of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol from gene level. Method: it tested the influence of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol to human umbilical veins blood vessel endothelial cell strain (CRL-1730 ICAM-1 mRNA cellular expression caused by oxidative damage with RT-PCR method. Result: the experimental result indicated that the luminance and area values of electrophoretic band of 4, 5, and 6 with different doses of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol for protection were all lower than positive control group, while higher than normal control group, furthermore, it presented a state that be increasing with the augment of Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol dose. The degree of protection of the three dose groups, high, medium and low, were separately 91.1, 82.7 and 37.3%, respectively after making a comparison in each group. Conclusion: Momordica charantia L. Polyphenol can inhibit cell adhesion molecular-1 expression and make a protective effect to vascular endothelial cell damage.

  13. "Writing My First Academic Article Feels Like Dancing around Naked": Research Development for Higher Education Lecturers Working in Further Education Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Rebecca; Brown, Tony; Edwards-Jones, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Growing emphasis on research output has spawned initiatives to enhance writing practices, often targeted at groups less familiar with academic research practices. This paper discusses a collaborative writing group project for higher education lecturers working in further education colleges. Participants had previously undertaken funded pedagogic…

  14. The Use of Expressive Arts as Experienced by High School Counselor Trainees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Barb; Ziomek-Daigle, Jolie

    2013-01-01

    This article presents findings of a qualitative study that explored the process of using expressive arts counseling techniques as experienced by high school counselor trainees. The researcher identified themes that were developed from using grounded theory methods. The three-stage theory, as experienced by high school counseling trainees, included…

  15. The Role of Persuasive Arguments in Changing Affirmative Action Attitudes and Expressed Behavior in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Fiona A.; Charles, Margaret A.; Nelson, Jacqueline K.

    2008-01-01

    The research reported in this article examined the conditions under which persuasive arguments are most effective in changing university students' attitudes and expressed behavior with respect to affirmative action (AA). The conceptual framework was a model that integrated the theory of reasoned action and the elaboration likelihood model of…

  16. Expression profile of telomere-associated genes in multiple myeloma

    OpenAIRE

    de la Guardia, Rafael Díaz; Catalina, Purificación; Panero, Julieta; Elosua, Carolina; Pulgarin, Andrés; López, María Belén; Ayllón, Verónica; Ligero, Gertrudis; Slavutsky, Irma; Leone, Paola. E.

    2012-01-01

    To further contribute to the understanding of multiple myeloma, we have focused our research interests on the mechanisms by which tumour plasma cells have a higher survival rate than normal plasma cells. In this article, we study the expression profile of genes involved in the regulation and protection of telomere length, telomerase activity and apoptosis in samples from patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, smouldering multiple myeloma, multiple myeloma (MM) and p...

  17. Journal ratings as predictors of articles quality in Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: an analysis based on the Italian Research Evaluation Exercise [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/5d3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Bonaccorsi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to understand whether the probability of receiving positive peer reviews is influenced by having published in an independently assessed, high-ranking journal: we eventually interpret a positive relationship among peer evaluation and journal ranking as evidence that journal ratings are good predictors of article quality. The analysis is based on a large dataset of over 11,500 research articles published in Italy in the period 2004-2010 in the areas of architecture, arts and humanities, history and philosophy, law, sociology and political sciences. These articles received a score by a large number of externally appointed referees in the context of the Italian research assessment exercise (VQR; similarly, journal scores were assigned in a panel-based independent assessment, which involved all academic journals in which Italian scholars have published, carried out under a different procedure. The score of an article is compared with that of the journal it is published in: more specifically, we first estimate an ordered probit model, assessing the probability for a paper of receiving a higher score, the higher the score of the journal; in a second step, we concentrate on the top papers, evaluating the probability of a paper receiving an excellent score having been published in a top-rated journal. In doing so, we control for a number of characteristics of the paper and its author, including the language of publication, the scientific field and its size, the age of the author and the academic status. We add to the literature on journal classification by providing for the first time a large scale test of the robustness of expert-based classification.

  18. Comments on the article "Relative h-index to compare the scientific performance of researchers" by L.A.S. Dias

    OpenAIRE

    Egghe, Leo

    2013-01-01

    The relative h-index, proposed by L.A.S. Dias, is not useful to compare the scientific performance of researchers. This is shown by examples. More adequate alternatives include the g-index and the R-index.

  19. La similitud léxico-semántica en artículos de investigación científica en español: Una aproximación desde el Análisis Semántico Latente / Lexical-semantic similarity in scientific research articles in Spanish: An approach to Latent Semantic Analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    René, Venegas.

    Full Text Available Esta investigación es un estudio comparativo de la relación de similitud léxico-semántica entre tres variables textuales (palabras clave, resumen y el contenido de artículos de investigación científica). Además, se comparan a partir de los valores de similitud léxico-semántica dos áreas científicas [...] (ciencias biológicas y ciencias sociales). El estudio se realiza utilizando una muestra estratificada representativa correspondiente a 22 artículos de investigación científica de ambas áreas científicas, incluidos en un corpus de 675 artículos científicos. Para la determinación de la similitud léxico-semántica entre las variables, se utiliza un método estadístico-computacional denominado Análisis Semántico Latente. Los resultados nos permiten establecer, por una parte, que en la muestra investigada el resumen ‘macrosemantiza’ mejor el contenido semántico global del artículo que las palabras clave. Por otra parte, no se presentan diferencias significativas entre los promedios de similitud léxico-semántica entre las áreas científicas estudiadas. Estos resultados se explican en función de los complejos procesos de estandarización que tienden a homogeneizar la producción científica Abstract in english This research focuses on lexical-semantic similarities found in three text variables (key words, abstract, and content in scientific research articles). Two scientific areas (biological sciences and social sciences) from the values of lexical-semantic similarity are compared. The study employs a rep [...] resentative stratified sample of 22 scientific research articles in these two areas, which have been included in a corpus of 675 scientific articles. To determine lexical-semantic similarities among the variables, a computer-statistical method is employed, called Latent Semantic Analysis. The findings help assert, on the one hand, that the abstract ‘macro-semanticizes’ better the global semantic content of the article than do the key words. On the other hand, no meaningful differences among the averages of lexical-semantic similarity in the scientific areas studied are revealed. These findings are accounted for in terms of the generally complex standardization processes which tend to homogenize the production of this type of articles

  20. Gene Expression in Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Ambrogio, A.

    Skeletal system has two main functions, to provide mechanical integrity for both locomotion and protection and to play an important role in mineral homeostasis. There is extensive evidence showing loss of bone mass during long-term Space-Flights. The loss is due to a break in the equilibrium between the activity of osteoblasts (the cells that forms bone) and the activity of osteoclasts (the cells that resorbs bone). Surprisingly, there is scanty information about the possible altered gene expression occurring in cells that form bone in microgravity.(Just 69 articles result from a "gene expression in microgravity" MedLine query.) Gene-chip or microarray technology allows to screen thousands of genes at the same time: the use of this technology on samples coming from cells exposed to microgravity could provide us with many important informations. For example, the identification of the molecules or structures which are the first sensors of the mechanical stress derived from lack of gravity, could help in understanding which is the first event leading to bone loss due to long-term exposure to microgravity. Consequently, this structure could become a target for a custom-designed drug. It is evident that bone mass loss, observed during long-time stay in Space, represents an accelerated model of what happens in aging osteoporosis. Therefore, the discovery and design of drugs able to interfere with the bone-loss process, could help also in preventing negative physiological processes normally observed on Earth. Considering the aims stated above, my research is designed to:

  1. Introducing article-processing charges and inviting "detailed methods sections" articles

    OpenAIRE

    Phillips, Carl V.

    2005-01-01

    This editorial introduces the use of article-processing charges at Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations and reviews that advantages of publishing in an Open Access journal. In addition, it introduces a new type of article the journal hopes to publish, detailed reports of study design or data analysis methods that have been used in health science research. The new type of article is intended to supplement the woefully constrained methods sections in standard research report articles, provi...

  2. Subjetividad y discurso científico-académico: Acerca de algunas manifestaciones de la subjetividad en el artículo de investigación en español Subjectivity and academic scientific discourse: Some subjectivity marks in research articles in Spanish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Marta García Negroni

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es estudiar algunas de las manifestaciones de la subjetividad presentes en el género artículo de investigación científica, escrito en español. En un corpus de artículos procedentes de cuatro disciplinas (Historia, Lingüística, Geología y Medicina, se relevan, así en primer lugar las marcas de persona, quizás la huella más evidente de la presencia del sujeto en el discurso. Se abordan luego los modos de referir la palabra ajena y las diferentes actitudes del locutor-autor frente a esas otras voces. En este marco, se analizan las comillas, marcas de la heterogeneidad "mostrada marcada", que permiten al locutor desdoblar su discurso para comentar las palabras que emplea, al mismo tiempo que las utiliza. Se concluye que el artículo científico contiene marcas de subjetividad y polifonía de diferente tipo, y que dichas marcas pueden correlacionarse con la configuración de ethos discursivos diferentes, según las disciplinasThe purpose of this paper is to study some marks of subjectivity in research articles in Spanish. In a corpus of research articles on History, Linguistics, Geology and Medicine, I focus first on person markers, the clearest trace of the author in discourse. Second I concentrate on the ways to refer to other people’s discourse and different attitudes facing those voices authors show. Within this frame, I analyse inverted commas, evident marks of heterogeneity in discourse, which allow the author to unfold her discourse and make a comment on words while using them. I conclude that, far from being objective, neutral and monological, the research article presents subjective and polyphonic marks of many kinds and that those marks can correlate with the constitution of diverse discursive ethos, according to disciplines

  3. Subjetividad y discurso científico-académico: Acerca de algunas manifestaciones de la subjetividad en el artículo de investigación en español / Subjectivity and academic scientific discourse: Some subjectivity marks in research articles in Spanish

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Marta, García Negroni.

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es estudiar algunas de las manifestaciones de la subjetividad presentes en el género artículo de investigación científica, escrito en español. En un corpus de artículos procedentes de cuatro disciplinas (Historia, Lingüística, Geología y Medicina), se relevan, así en pri [...] mer lugar las marcas de persona, quizás la huella más evidente de la presencia del sujeto en el discurso. Se abordan luego los modos de referir la palabra ajena y las diferentes actitudes del locutor-autor frente a esas otras voces. En este marco, se analizan las comillas, marcas de la heterogeneidad "mostrada marcada", que permiten al locutor desdoblar su discurso para comentar las palabras que emplea, al mismo tiempo que las utiliza. Se concluye que el artículo científico contiene marcas de subjetividad y polifonía de diferente tipo, y que dichas marcas pueden correlacionarse con la configuración de ethos discursivos diferentes, según las disciplinas Abstract in english The purpose of this paper is to study some marks of subjectivity in research articles in Spanish. In a corpus of research articles on History, Linguistics, Geology and Medicine, I focus first on person markers, the clearest trace of the author in discourse. Second I concentrate on the ways to refer [...] to other people’s discourse and different attitudes facing those voices authors show. Within this frame, I analyse inverted commas, evident marks of heterogeneity in discourse, which allow the author to unfold her discourse and make a comment on words while using them. I conclude that, far from being objective, neutral and monological, the research article presents subjective and polyphonic marks of many kinds and that those marks can correlate with the constitution of diverse discursive ethos, according to disciplines

  4. Animal research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsson, I.A.S.; Sandøe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the ethical issues in animal research using a combined approach of ethical theory and analysis of scientific findings with bearing on the ethical analysis. The article opens with a general discussion of the moral acceptability of animal use in research. The use of animals in research is analyzed from the viewpoint of three distinct ethical approaches: contractarianism, utilitarianism, and animal rights view. On a contractarian view, research on animals is only an ethical is...

  5. Pourquoi l'acquisition des pronoms est plus simple que celle des articles : apport du japonais L1 dans l'expression de la référence aux entités en français L2

    OpenAIRE

    Granget Cyrille

    2014-01-01

    L'acquisition des articles en français L2 par des locuteurs d'une langue première sans articles est souvent envisagée sous l'angle du transfert négatif des propriétés nominales de la L1 à la L2. A travers cette étude exploratoire des marquages paranominaux en français L2, ainsi qu'en japonais et français L1s, nous confrontons cette hypothèse dite morphosyntaxique avec une autre hypothèse, l'hypothèse sémantique selon laquelle l'apprenabilité d'une catégorie morphosyntaxique en...

  6. Tracking Theory Building and Use Trends in Selected LIS Journals: More Research is Needed. A review of: Kim, Sung?Jin, and Dong Y. Jeong. “An Analysis of the Development and Use of Theory in Library and Information Science Research Articles.” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 548?62.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Perryman

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective ? The authors measure theory incidents occurring in four LIS journals between 1984?2003 in order to examine their number and quality and to analyze them by topic. A third objective, only identified later in the text of the study, was to compare theory development and use between Korean and international journals. Research questions asked include whether LIS has its own theoretical base as a discipline, and what characteristics the theoretical framework has.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – Journal issues selected from four LIS journals for the time span from 1984 ? 2003.Subjects – Two international journals, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST and Library and Information Science Research (LISR were selected based on their high ranking in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI impact factors. Two Korean journals, Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management (JKSIM and Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science (JKSLIS were selected.Methods ? After having determined a definition of theory, and identifying different levels of theory, the authors set up rules for the identification of theory incidents, which are defined as “events in which the author contributed to the development or the use of theory in his/her own paper” (550. Content analysis of 1661 research articles was performed to measure theory incidents according to working definitions. Interrater reliability was ensured by conducting independent coding for “subfield classification, identification of theory incidents, and quality measurement” (555,using a sample of 199 articles (random selection not specified, achieving 94?97% interrater reliability. Incidents, once identified, were evaluated for quality using Dubin’s “efficiency of law” criteria, involving measures of relatedness, directionality, co?variation, rate of change, and “profundity,” defined as the depth to which theory is incorporated into the research study.Main Results ? 21.79% (n=362 of the articles contained theory incidents that were analyzed and evaluated. Trend measurement indicated an overall increase, although a slight decrease was shown in the year range 1993?2003. International journals accounted for 61.33% of theory incidents, compared to 38.67% for the Korean journals. T?testing showed that differences in means between Korean and international journals were not statistically significant. Topical theory areas were ranked by frequency. The top five areas were shown to be nearly identical between Korean and international journals. ANOVA was performed with significant results in the difference between efficiency ratings. Conclusion – The authors find that the overall proportion of theory incidents including both theory development and use increased through the 20?year time span examined, and that LIS has established its own theoretical framework based upon the frequency of incidents.

  7. Health- and Disease-Related Biomarkers in Aging Research

    OpenAIRE

    Hilaire J. Thompson; Voss, Joachim G.

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on a synthesis of knowledge about healthy aging research in human beings and then synthesized nurse-led research in gerontology and geriatrics that use biomarkers. Healthy aging research has attracted considerable attention in the biomedical and basic sciences within the context of four major areas: (a) genetic variations as an expression of successful or unsuccessful aging; (b) caloric restriction as an intervention to slow the progression of aging; (c) immunological agi...

  8. The Development in Leading e-Government Articles 2001-2010 : Definitions, Perspectives, Scope, Research Philosophies, Methods and Recommendations: An Update of Heeks and Bailur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Christian Østergaard; Berger, Jesper Bull

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a study of development in leading e-government papers from 2001-2010. Inspired by a study by Heeks and Bailur, the analysis uses a different sampling method, adds new themes, and focuses on changes over time. Through an iterative process known as template analysis the five most cited papers from each year are analyzed according to themes such as perspectives on the impact and impact causes of e-government, methods used, underlying research philosophies and recommendations. Findings indicate that the papers are still somewhat optimistic regarding the impact of e-government, but no longer as technologically deterministic. Discussions of research philosophies start to appear, as do social constructionist studies, although most papers are still positivistic. There is an increase in the use of primary data, and some movement in focus from infrastructure and services towards citizens. There is little development in the discussions of generalization of results and recom-mendations offered.

  9. The development in leading e-government articles 2001- 2010 : Definitions, perspectives, scope, research philosophies, methods and recommendations. An update of Heeks and Bailur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard Madsen, Christian; Bull Berger, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a study of the development in leading e-government papers from 2001-2010. Inspired by a study by Heeks and Bailur, the analysis uses a different sampling method, adds new themes, and focuses on changes over time. Through an iterative process known as template analysis the five most cited papers from each year are analyzed according to themes such as perspectives on the impact and impact causes of e-government, methods used, underlying research philosophies and recommendations. Findings indicate that the papers are still somewhat optimistic regarding the impact of e-government, but no longer as technologically deterministic. Discussions of research philosophies start to appear, as do social constructionist studies, although most papers are still positivistic. There is an increase in the use of primary data, and some movement in focus from infrastructure and services towards citizens. There is little development in the discussions of generalization of results and recommendations offered.

  10. A Comparative Survey of Lotka and Pao’s Laws Conformity with the Number of Researchers and Their Articles in Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Fields in Web of Science (1986-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farideh Osareh

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to examine the validity of Lotka and Pao’s laws with authorship distribution of "Computer Science" and "Artificial Intelligence" fields using Web of Science (WoS during 1986 to 2009 and comparing the results of examinations. This study was done by using the methods of citation analysis which are scientometrics techniques. The research sample includes all articles in computer science and artificial intelligence fields indexed in the databases accessible via Web of Science during 1986-2009; that were stored in 500 records files and added to "ISI.exe" software for analysis to be performed. Then, the required output of this software was saved in Excel. There were 19150 articles in the computer science field (by 45713 authors and 958 articles in artificial intelligence field (by 2487 authors. Then for final counting and analyzing, the data converted to “Excel” spreadsheet software. Lotka and Pao’s laws were tested using both Lotka’s formula: (for Lotka’s Law; also for testing Pao’s law the values of the exponent n and the constant c are computed and Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness-of-fit tests were applied. The results suggested that author productivity distribution predicted in “Lotka's generalized inverse square law” was not applicable to computer science and artificial intelligence; but Pao’s law was applicable to these subject areas. Survey both literature and original examining of Lotka and Pao’s Laws witnessed some aspects should be considered. The main elements involved in fitting in a bibliometrics method have been identified: using Lotka or Pao’s law, subject area, period of time, measurement of authors, and a criterion for assessing goodness-of-fit.

  11. Prejudice and Racism, Year 2008--Still Going Strong: Research on Reducing Prejudice with Recommended Methodological Advances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utsey, Shawn O.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Porter, Jerlym S.

    2008-01-01

    This article addresses the origins, mechanisms, and expressions of prejudice. A selective review of research finds strong support for the validity of G. W. Allport's (1954) contact hypothesis conditions in reducing prejudice. Methodological advances in the study of prejudice are reviewed, and implications of research findings for counselors are…

  12. Expression features of team work in the organisations providing special education

    OpenAIRE

    Jaunkauskien?, Dinara; Šaparnis, Gintaras

    2008-01-01

    The article provides the results of a particular diagnostic research of education management. In the research the main source of empiric information was the opinion of the heads, teachers and specialists of the organisations of special education in Šiauliai city (238 respondents) about expression features of team work. The meaning of team work in the context of organisations, preconditions of effectiveness of team work, influence of the leader and micro- climate over the effectiveness of team...

  13. Research and proposal of features selection for Facial Expression Recognition / Análisis y propuesta de selección de rasgos para el Reconocimiento de Expresiones Faciales

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lic. Odín, Castañeda Cao; Dra. María Matilde, García Lorenzo.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentó un estudio de trabajos existentes en la temática de Reconocimiento de Expresiones Faciales, específicamente en la etapa de la selección de rasgos para la clasificación. Se abordó la línea de estudios de P. Ekman como uno de las más aceptadas y continuadas, así como algun [...] as propuestas alternativas. Se tuvieron en cuenta los aportes positivos y los principales inconvenientes de las diferentes soluciones revisadas y finalmente se presentó una propuesta de sistema para el reconocimiento de emociones. Se diseñó un experimento para probar la propuesta de rasgos realizada en la que se obtuvieron resultados positivos. Abstract in english In this paper was presented a study of existing works on the subject of Face Expression Recognition, specifically in the sub problem of features selection for the classification. The line of studies of P. Ekman was approached as one of the most accepted and developed, as well as some alternative pro [...] posals. Both positive contributions and main drawbacks were taken into account from the different researched solutions, and finally a proposal of a system for emotions recognition was presented. An experiment was designed to test the efficiency of the proposed set of patterns with positive results obtained.

  14. FUMET: A fuzzy network module extraction technique for gene expression data

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Priyakshi Mahanta; Hasin Afzal Ahmed; Dhruba Kumar Bhattacharyya; Ashish Ghosh

    2014-06-01

    Construction of co-expression network and extraction of network modules have been an appealing area of bioinformatics research. This article presents a co-expression network construction and a biologically relevant network module extraction technique based on fuzzy set theoretic approach. The technique is able to handle both positive and negative correlations among genes. The constructed network for some benchmark gene expression datasets have been validated using topological internal and external measures. The effectiveness of network module extraction technique has been established in terms of well-known p-value, Q-value and topological statistics.

  15. Gene expression in fungi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kalkanci

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This contribution is based on the four presentations made at the Special Interest Group (SIG meeting titled Gene Expression in Fungi held during IMC9 in Edinburgh. This overview is independent from other articles published or that will be published by each speaker. In the SIG meeting, basic principles of in vivo animal models for virulence studies were discussed. Infection associated genes of Candida albicans and fungal adaptation to the host was summarized. Azole susceptibility was evaluated as a combined result of several changes in expression of pertinent genes. Gene transfer in fungi, resulting in fungal evolution and gene adaptation to environmental factors, was reported.

  16. Best practices in use of research evidence to inform health decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Whitworth Judith A

    2006-01-01

    Abstract The WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research (ACHR) is committed to the notion that WHO should exemplify best practice in use of research evidence to inform decisions about health. A major ongoing initiative of the ACHR is the Sub-committee on the Use of Research Evidence (SURE). This group is examining WHOs roles and responsibilities in the use of health research to inform decisions about health. WHOs leadership has expressed strong support for this initiative. The series of articl...

  17.  Prokaryotic expression systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Porowi?ska

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available For overproduction of recombinant proteins both eukaryotic and prokaryotic expression systems are used. Choosing the right system depends, among other things, on the growth rate and culture of host cells, level of the target gene expression and posttranslational processing of the synthesized protein. Regardless of the type of expression system, its basic elements are the vector and the expression host.The most widely used system for protein overproduction, both on a laboratory and industrial scale, is the prokaryotic system. This system is based primarily on the bacteria E. coli, although increasingly often Bacillus species are used. The prokaryotic system allows one to obtain large quantities of recombinant proteins in a short time. A simple and inexpensive bacterial cell culture and well-known mechanisms of transcription and translation facilitate the use of these microorganisms. The simplicity of genetic modifications and the availability of many bacterial mutants are additional advantages of the prokaryotic system. In this article we characterize the structural elements of prokaryotic expression vectors. Also strategies for preparation of the target protein gene that increase productivity, facilitate detection and purification of recombinant protein and provide its activity are discussed. Bacterial strains often used as host cells in expression systems as well as the potential location of heterologous proteins are characterized.Knowledge of the basic elements of the prokaryotic expression system allows for production of biologically active proteins in a short time and in satisfactory quantities. 

  18. Quit Now! A Psychoeducational Expressive Therapy Group Work Approach for At-Risk and Delinquent Adolescent Smokers in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kit, Phey Ling; Teo, Lan

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we review the risk and protective factors for adolescent smoking, as well as current research on evidence-based practices. The relevance of structured expressive therapy in meeting the maturational and emotional needs of at-risk and delinquent adolescents, and the multicultural context of adolescents in Singapore's Asian society…

  19. Emotional Expression in Reality TV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Tove Arendt

    Reality TV has been disputed and discussed along many lines for the last 20 years; the media themselves always with a twist of concern about reality programs crossing moral borderlines while research has put more interest in questions of genre and representation of more or less useful and maybe empowering social identities. In the latest generation of reality TV which Misha Kava has described as the “celebrity generation”, it seems that reality creates new standards for mixing facts and fiction and even different “realities” as participants become media stars while more traditional celebrities are being treated as ordinary people. My article will discuss different presentations of selves and especially the emotional verbal and nonverbal expressions in reality TV communication. Aspects of the intimate self and its emotional expressions seem to be strategically managed in reality TV and even commodified in the celebrity culture. The article will discuss and analyze examples of reality TV’s interpersonal strategically communication in relation to ordinary interpersonal communication where much information about the self is communicated incidentally to the purpose of the situation, and some is communicated involuntarily. Goffman has described the intended and the unintended aspects of personal communication as information ‘given’ which means intended and managed, and information ‘given off’ which is unintentional. In relation to his investigation in human lying and deceit Ekman points out, that information ‘given off’ in lying behavior will must often be found in non-verbal mikro expressions and mikro gestures. I will end by discussing the strategic emotional expressions as production of floating identities in a broader framework on the basis of among others Gergen, Lipovetsky and Baumann. These postmodern and hyperreal trends will then be discussed in relation to Danish philosopher Løgstrup and his concept of the basic utterances of life (de suveræne livsytringer) and Habermas’ understanding of life/system worlds. I aim to get closer to an understanding of what management of visibility and sensibility in communication might mean to the human being of our time – and why we seem to seek it so desperately in the (media) culture.

  20. Facial Expressions Recognition Using Eigenspaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senthil Ragavan Valayapalayam Kittusamy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A challenging research topic is to make the Computer Systems to recognize facial expressions from the face image. A method of facial expression recognition, based on Eigenspaces is presented in this study. Here, the authors recognize the userâ??s facial expressions from the input images, using a method that was customized from eigenface recognition. Evaluation was done for this method in terms of identification correctness using two different Facial Expressions databases, Cohn-Kanade facial expression database and Japanese Female Facial Expression database. The results show the effectiveness of proposed method.

  1. Publishing International Counseling Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

    2011-01-01

    This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

  2. Gene expression in fungi

    OpenAIRE

    Kalkanci, Ayse; Kadioglu, Aras; Wilson, Duncan; Jacobsen, Mette D.

    2011-01-01

    This contribution is based on the four presentations made at the Special Interest Group (SIG) meeting titled Gene Expression in Fungi held during IMC9 in Edinburgh. This overview is independent from other articles published or that will be published by each speaker. In the SIG meeting, basic principles of in vivo animal models for virulence studies were discussed. Infection associated genes of Candida albicans and fungal adaptation to the host was summarized. Azole susceptibility was evaluate...

  3. Facial Expressions Recognition Using Eigenspaces

    OpenAIRE

    Senthil Ragavan Valayapalayam Kittusamy; Venkatesh Chakrapani

    2012-01-01

    A challenging research topic is to make the Computer Systems to recognize facial expressions from the face image. A method of facial expression recognition, based on Eigenspaces is presented in this study. Here, the authors recognize the userâ??s facial expressions from the input images, using a method that was customized from eigenface recognition. Evaluation was done for this method in terms of identification correctness using two different Facial Expressions databases, Cohn-Kanade facial e...

  4. The Use of Popular Science Articles in Teaching Scientific Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkinson, Jean; Adendorff, Ralph

    2004-01-01

    This article considers the use of popular science articles in teaching scientific literacy. Comparing the discourse features of popular science with research article and textbook science--the last two being target forms for students--it argues that popular science articles cannot serve as models for scientific writing. It does, however, suggest…

  5. Differences between Mice and Humans in Regulation and the Molecular Network of Collagen, Type III, Alpha-1 at the Gene Expression Level: Obstacles that Translational Research Must Overcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lishi Wang

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Collagen, type III, alpha-1 (COL3A1 is essential for normal collagen I fibrillogenesis in many organs. There are differences in phenotypes of mutations in the COL3A1 gene in humans and mutations in mice. In order to investigate whether the regulation and gene network of COL3A1 is the same in healthy populations of mice and humans, we compared the quantitative trait loci (QTL that regulate the expression level of COL3A1 and the gene network of COL3A1 pathways between humans and mice using whole genome expression profiles. Our results showed that, for the regulation of expression of Col3a1 in mice, an eQTL on chromosome (Chr 12 regulates the expression of Col3a1. However, expression of genes in the syntenic region on human Chr 7 has no association with the expression level of COL3A1. For the gene network comparison, we identified 44 top genes whose expression levels are strongly associated with that of Col3a1 in mice. We next identified 41 genes strongly associated with the expression level of COL3A1 in humans. There are a few but significant differences in the COL3A1 gene network between humans and mice. Several genes showed opposite association with expression of COL3A1. These genes are known to play important roles in development and function of the extracellular matrix of the lung. Difference in the molecular pathway of key genes in the COL3A1 gene network in humans and mice suggest caution should be used in extrapolating results from models of human lung diseases in mice to clinical lung diseases in humans. These differences may influence the efficacy of drugs in humans whose development employed mouse models.

  6. El resumen del artículo de investigación: Análisis del género en un corpus de textos de Enfermería / The research article abstract: Genre analysis in a Nursing corpus of texts

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carmen, Piqué-Noguera; Ramón, Camaño-Puig.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El resumen es un género que ha recibido un tratamiento desigual en la literatura especializada; mientras en biomedicina, ciencias sociales y otras disciplinas afines numerosos autores han estudiado el resumen (Salager-Meyer, 1990; Hyland, 2000; Swales & Feak, 2009); en otras, en cambio, se les ha pr [...] estado escasa atención en lo que a su estructura y contenido se refiere y, concretamente, en Enfermería. Su importancia en la diseminación de la ciencia debería ser un acicate para dotar el resumen de una mayor información y fuerza persuasiva. Lo poco que se ha escrito sobre el resumen no aborda la problemática de si el resumen debe seguir el modelo tradicional de un solo párrafo o el estructurado con subtítulos (Posteguillo Gómez & Piqué-Angordans, 2007). El objetivo del presente estudio es describir el contenido y estructura del resumen tradicional así como los elementos textuales y discursivos del mismo. Siguiendo el modelo de la literatura especializada (Weissberg & Buker, 1990), se ha realizado un análisis de un corpus de 240 resúmenes extraídos de artículos de doce revistas de Enfermería mediante la identificación de sus unidades estructurales. Entre los resultados más significativos destaca la amplia variabilidad en cuanto a la estructura y contenido del resumen, con un exceso de resúmenes indicativos más que informativos. A partir de estos resultados concluimos que hace falta unificar criterios para una mejor redacción de los resúmenes de Enfermería y promoción de la investigación, con contenidos más afines a las directrices de la crítica especializada. Abstract in english The abstract is a genre that has received a great deal of attention in some areas, such as biomedicine and the social sciences (Salager-Meyer, 1990; Hyland, 2000; Swales & Feak, 2009); however, its structure and content in other areas, such as nursing, has received less attention. Its importance in [...] the dissemination of science should be an incentive for nursing authors to make it more informative and persuasive. No research has been found that surveyed the issue of whether the abstract should follow the traditional model of a single paragraph or structured with subtitles (Posteguillo Gomez & Piqué-Angordans, 2007). The aim of this study is to describe the content and structure of the traditional abstract, as well as its textual and discursive features. Drawing on the work of Weissberg and Buker (1990), we conducted an analysis of a corpus of 240 abstracts retrieved from twelve nursing journals in which we identified their structural units. One the most striking results was the wide range of variability in terms of the structure and content of the abstracts, with a vast majority of indicative, rather than informative abstracts. These findings suggest the need for a set of agreed upon criteria for writing abstracts in the field of nursing, more clearly aligned with international guidelines for scientific publication.

  7. Qualitative Research Process

    OpenAIRE

    Hossain, Dewan Mahboob

    2011-01-01

    This article provides with an overview of the qualitative research methods. Over last few decades, qualitative research is getting very popular in the fields of business, sociology, psychology and others. This article, in its introduction, gives a general idea about the qualitative research. Then it discusses the main differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods. The article also discusses about the ethical issues important for qualitative research. Lastly it discusses ab...

  8. Valued Youth Anthology: Articles on Dropout Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intercultural Development Research Association, San Antonio, TX.

    This document contains, in chronological order, all articles related to dropouts that have appeared in the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) Newsletter from 1986 to 1989. The articles are: (1) "The Prevention and Recovery of Dropouts: An Action Agenda" (Robledo); (2) "Coca Cola Valued Youth Partnership Program Results of Second…

  9. Passage-Based Bibliographic Coupling: An Inter-Article Similarity Measure for Biomedical Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Rey-Long

    2015-01-01

    Biomedical literature is an essential source of biomedical evidence. To translate the evidence for biomedicine study, researchers often need to carefully read multiple articles about specific biomedical issues. These articles thus need to be highly related to each other. They should share similar core contents, including research goals, methods, and findings. However, given an article r, it is challenging for search engines to retrieve highly related articles for r. In this paper, we present a technique PBC (Passage-based Bibliographic Coupling) that estimates inter-article similarity by seamlessly integrating bibliographic coupling with the information collected from context passages around important out-link citations (references) in each article. Empirical evaluation shows that PBC can significantly improve the retrieval of those articles that biomedical experts believe to be highly related to specific articles about gene-disease associations. PBC can thus be used to improve search engines in retrieving the highly related articles for any given article r, even when r is cited by very few (or even no) articles. The contribution is essential for those researchers and text mining systems that aim at cross-validating the evidence about specific gene-disease associations. PMID:26440794

  10. Academics are Reading More Electronic Journal Articles in More Subjects, Using Varying Strategies to Find and Manage Them. A Review of: Ollé, C., & Borrego, Á. (2010. A qualitative study of the impact of electronic journals on scholarlyinformation behavior. Library & Information Science Research, 32(3, 221-228.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina E. Carter

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To assess how the increase in number of electronic journals available to academic scholars has changed their information-seeking or consulting behaviour, with respect to 1 the amount and diversity of sources they read; 2 strategies they use to keep up-to-date in their fields; 3 use of personalized information services; 4 determining the value and relevance of articles; and 5 personal management of scientific information. This study is a follow-up to an earlier quantitative study (Borrego, Anglada, Barrios, & Comellas, 2007 in the same setting.Design – Qualitative, using an open-ended questionnaire, followed by personal interviews of a small group of the respondents.Setting – Universities that are members of the Consortium of Academic Libraries of Catalonia (CBUC, which is made up of the eight public Catalan universities and the National Library of Catalonia, Spain.Subjects – One hundred thirty-seven scholars from the member universities of diverse ages and disciplines. Eleven of these academics were selected for personal interviews.Methods – The authors used a two-staged approach to gather comments from researchers on their use of electronic journals. First, an open-ended, self-administered questionnaire (with some pre-testing donewas sent by e-mail to some 490 academics who had provided e-mail addresses in the quantitative study; 137 were returned and analyzed. Personal interviews were then conducted with 11 scholars who had given the most detailed answers in the questionnaire. Their ages ranged from 28 to 67; each was from a different discipline, and from six of the universities.Informed consent sheets (describing the study and guaranteeing anonymity were given to the 11 interviewees. Personal interviews were conducted in the subjects’ offices by one of the authors, and lasted between 45-60 minutes. In the interview stage, the authors wanted to examine: use and assessment of the library, access to electronic information, and impact of e-resources on information behaviour. Subjects were also asked to provide three suggestions on improving access to scientific information.Main Results – The amount of reading and number of electronic journals and other sources consulted among the scholars who participated in this study has increased. Three-quarters of survey respondents consult more journals and read more articles. The scholars reported that they are grateful for the increase in electronic information and its enhanced ease of access, and are not overwhelmed by it. Their reading has become more discriminatory, though, with many reporting “skimming” much of what they read to save time. Scholars keep up-to-date in three main ways: web browsing of journal issues, library database searches, and TOC e-mail alerts. More than 90% of survey respondents reported conducting database searches. Google and Google Scholar were often mentioned ahead of specific library database names. In determining value and relevance of an article, its author and abstract are key for scholars. In addition, personal information management techniques used by scholars were all over the board. The three main methods were use of print or electronic folders, reference management software, and no system. Many of the academics felt their information management systems were “rudimentary” (p. 225.The request for suggestions and comments on the questionnaire was not answered by “most of the sample” (p. 226. Those who did respond to this request asked for more library resources. The main complaint expressed by scholars concerned the difficulty and complexity of finding journal article content using the Library website (e.g., varying databases, difficulty of interpreting what journal electronic and print holdings are available. Because of this, a number of scholars used Google to find library-subscribed content.Conclusion – By having greater and easier access to e-journals, scholars accessing the CBUC read more articles from more disciplines. Scholars would prefer a simpler library interface to search for

  11. Bringing Digital Science Deep Inside the Scientific Article: the Elsevier Article of the Future Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IJsbrand Jan Aalbersberg

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The ICT revolution of the last decades impacted scientific communication as it has impacted many other forms of communications, changing the way in which articles are delivered and how they can be discovered. However, the impact of ICT on the research itself has been much more profound, introducing digital tools to the way in which researchers gather data, perform analyses, and exchange results. This brought new, digital forms of research output, and disseminating those calls for changes deeply impact the core format of the scientific article.In 2009, Elsevier introduced the “Article of the Future” project to define an optimal way for the dissemination of science in the digital age, and in this paper we discuss three of its key dimensions. First we discuss interlinking scientific articles and research data stored with domain-specific data repositories — such interlinking is essential to interpret both article and data efficiently and correctly. We then present easy-to-use 3D visualization tools embedded in online articles: a key example of how the digital article format adds value to scientific communication and helps readers to better understand research results. The last topic covered in this paper is automatic enrichment of journal articles through text-mining or other methods. Here we share insights from a recent survey on the question: how can we find a balance between creating valuable contextual links, without sacrificing the high-quality, peer-reviewed status of published articles?

  12. Challenging of Facial Expressions Classification Systems: Survey, Critical Considerations and Direction of Future Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Jamshidnezhad

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is analysis of the parameters and the affects of those on the performance of the facial expressions classification systems. In recent years understanding of emotions is a basic requirement in the development of Human Computer Interaction (HCI systems. Therefore, an HCI is highly depended on accurate understanding of facial expression. Classification module is the main part of facial expressions recognition system. Numerous classification techniques were proposed in the previous researches to use in the facial expressions recognition systems. In order to evaluate the performance of the classification system we should consider the parameters which influence the classification results. Therefore, in this article, the most recent classification techniques for the purpose of facial expressions recognition as well as features extraction were surveyed and the parameters which affect the accuracy of results were considered and discussed. Based on this article, the features type, number of extracted features, database and image type are the main parameters that influence the accuracy rate of classification models. Furthermore, as the direction of the future work of this research, a Genetic-Fuzzy classification model was proposed for facial expressions recognition to fulfill the classification requirements.

  13. Including the Silent Minority. Research Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Janet

    2006-01-01

    It is now recognised that inclusive schools must recognise and respond to the needs of learners regardless of any difficulties they may have. Similarly, the South African Constitution (1996) requires education to be "transformed and democratised in accordance with the values of human dignity, equity, human rights and freedom, non-racism and…

  14. Writing smart: Writing quality research articles

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shankar, D.; Shetye, S.R.

    about the substance of prose based on clues they receive from its structure.? To see the interplay between substance (of the paper or its unit) and structure, consider the following example. Suppose we measure the temperature of a body every...

  15. The F1000Research: Ebola article collection

    OpenAIRE

    Piot, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The explosion of information about Ebola requires rapid publication, transparent verification and unrestricted access. I urge everyone involved in all aspects of the Ebola epidemic to openly and rapidly report their experiences and findings.

  16. Análise de títulos de artigos de pesquisas publicadas em um periódico brasileiro de enfermagem / Analysis of titles of research articles published in a Brazilian nursing journal / Análisis de títulos de artículos de investigaciones publicadas en una revista brasileña de enfermería

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    David, Lopes Neto; Marcos Venícios de Oliveira, Lopes; Marta Maria Coelho, Damasceno; Maria de Nazaré de Oliveira, Fraga.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O estudo analisa títulos de pesquisas publicadas em um periódico de enfermagem nos anos de 1997 e 1998. Os dados foram coletados através de formulário e organizados mediante a utilização do sistema computacional EPI-INFO 6, sendo que a análise fundamentou-se em literatura nacional e internacional re [...] cente relativa a análise de relatórios de pesquisa. Os resultados, dispostos em tabelas, mostraram que a maioria dos artigos analisados apresenta uma captação parcialmente adequada dos títulos, em relação às variáveis, populações estudadas e/ou palavras-chave. Conclui-se que a avaliação dos títulos de pesquisas em enfermagem ainda necessita de uma maior atenção, tendo em vista que grande parte das bases de dados, acessadas por pesquisadores, trabalha com a divulgação das pesquisas somente por meio de seus títulos. Abstract in spanish El estudio analiza los títulos de investigaciones publicadas en una revista de enfermería en los años de 1997 y 1998. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de formulario y organizados por medio del uso del programa EPI-INFO 6.0. El análisis se fundamentó en la literatura nacional e internacional re [...] ciente, relacionada con el análisis de informes de investigación. Los resultados, presentados en tablas, mostraron que la mayoría de los artículos analizados presenta una captación parcialmente adecuada de los títulos, en relación con las variables, poblaciones estudiadas y/o palabras claves. Se concluye que la evaluación los títulos de investigaciones en enfermería necesita una atención mejor ya que gran parte de las bases de datos buscadas por los investigadores, trabaja con la divulgación de las investigaciones solamente por medio de sus títulos. Abstract in english This study analyzes titles of research works published in a nursing journal in 1997 and 1998. Data were collected through forms and organized by using the EPI-INFO 6.0 computer program. The analysis was based on recent national and international literature concerning the analysis of research reports [...] . Results, which have been disposed in tables, showed that most of the analyzed articles presented a partly adequate titles in relation to variables, studied populations and/or key words It was concluded that the evaluation of titles in nursing research still requires more attention since a large number of databases aused by researchers only publicize research work means of its titles.

  17. A STUDY OF THE CAUSES OF CERVICAL LYMPHADENOPATHY IN THE GENERAL POPULATION BETWEEN THE AGE GROUP OF 20 YRS TO 70 YRS ATTENDING THE SURGICAL DEPARTMENT IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL : A RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikram

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This study was done to determine the causes of cervical lymphadenopathy in a particular age group of people who attended the surgical department in a tertiary care hospital. AIM: To determine the most common cause of cervical lymphadenopathy in the general population between the age group of 20yrs to 70yrs attending the surgical department in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A total of 100 patients were studied during the period from May 2012 to April 2015. Various factors were taken into account such as, the age of the patient, the place from where they came from and the various clinical investigations done. RESULTS: The causes of cervical lymphadenopathy due to various causes such as tuberculosis, non - specific lymphadenitis, secondaries and lymphoma were stud ied. The results were then tabulated. During the course of the study, tuberculosis (59%, was found to be the commonest cause of cervical lymphadenopathy, followed by non - specific lymphadenitis (24%, secondary deposits (12% and lymphomas (5%. CONCLUSION : This research article shows that, tuberculosis is still found to be the commonest cause of cervical lymphadenopathy in the general population in our country. Thus cervical lymphadenopathy requires meticulous examination and should not be ignored.

  18. WYRA?ANIE Z?O?CI A WI?? Z RODZICAMI W DEPRESJI. BADANIA OSÓB UCZESTNICZACYCH W PSYCHOTERAPII. [ANGER EXPRESSION AND BONDS WITH PARENTS IN DEPRESSION. RESEARCH OF PEOPLE PARTICIPATING IN PSYCHOTHERAPY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bereza, Bernarda

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the study: The aim of this study was comparative analysis of the ways of anger expression and the quality and dynamics of bonds with parents (mother and father separately in patients with depression (participating in psychotherapy and healthy people (who did not take part in psychotherapy, without indications for therapy, revealing no symptoms of disease.Material and method: We analyzed sample of 35 patients with a diagnosis of depression (depressive episode or recurrent, which are in the initial phase of individual integrative psychotherapy and a comparable sample of healthy individuals. Self-Expression and Control Scale (van Elderen and al. and a survey dedicated to the research were used.Results: There are differences in the anger expression between people with depression and people without symptoms of disease. The quality of early childhood relationships with parents (before 12 years of age and dynamics of bonds in other important developmental periods (early primary school, adolescence, adulthood did not differentiate statistically significant at the level of depressed and healthy peoples. There are links between the dynamics and quality of bonds with parents and the anger expression by individuals undergoingpsychotherapy of depression.Conclusions: Working within bond with the object and work with anger adequately determine the direction of effects in psychotherapy of depression.

  19. Researching research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2012-01-01

    We discuss contemporary theories in mathematics education in order to do research on research. Our strategy consists of analysing discursively and ideologically recent key publications addressing the role of theory in mathematics education research. We examine how the field fabricates its object of research by deploying Foucault’s notion of bio-politics - mainly to address the object “learning” - and Žižek’s ideology critique - to address the object “mathematics”. These theories, which have alre...

  20. Birth Weight Ratio as an Alternative to Birth Weight Percentile to Express Infant Weight in Research and Clinical Practice: A Nationwide Cohort Study

    OpenAIRE

    Bart Jan Voskamp; Kazemier, Brenda M.; Ewoud Schuit; Mol, Ben Willem J.; Maarten Buimer; Eva Pajkrt; Wessel Ganzevoort

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To compare birth weight ratio and birth weight percentile to express infant weight when assessing pregnancy outcome. Study Design. We performed a national cohort study. Birth weight ratio was calculated as the observed birth weight divided by the median birth weight for gestational age. The discriminative ability of birth weight ratio and birth weight percentile to identify infants at risk of perinatal death (fetal death and neonatal death) or adverse pregnancy outcome (perinatal d...

  1. Formative Evaluation Research of Art-Based Supervision in Art Therapy Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish, Barbara J.

    2008-01-01

    Image making is a common component of art therapy supervision but its use has not yet been formally evaluated. This article describes formative evaluation research used to investigate student responses to art-based supervision in which response art was used as a primary method to contain, explore, or express clinical work. Art-based supervision,…

  2. An experimental research on the expression of c-Fos protein in trigeminal nucleus caudalis of migraine rat model induced by nitroglycerin after the intervention of Yangxueqingnao granules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-feng LEI

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective To observe the effect of Yangxueqingnao granules on c-Fos protein expression in trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC of nitroglycerin-induced migraine rats.  Methods A total of 108 healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, high-dose treatment group, low-dose treatment group, high-dose prevention and low-dose prevention group, and then each group was randomly divided into 3 subgroups: 30, 60 and 180 min group. The experimental migraine rat model was established by subcutaneous injection of nitroglycerin. The rats of normal control group were subcutaneously injected with saline solution of the same dosage. The rats of high- and low-dose treatment group were respectively administered with gastric perfusion of high- and low-dose Yangxueqingnao granules once 10 min after the modeling. The rats of high- and low- dose prevention group were respectively administered with gastric perfusion of high- and low- dose Yangxueqingnao granules for 7 d before the modeling. The rats were sacrificed and the brain tissues were collected at corresponding time points. Related behavior indexes of rats in each group were observed and recorded. TNC c-Fos protein expression changes were measured and compared among different groups.  Results At all time points, the c-Fos expression level of model group had no statistical difference from high- and low-dose treatment group (P > 0.05, for all. However, it was higher than that in high-dose prevention group (P = 0.031, 0.000, 0.000, while was only lower than that in low-dose prevention group at 60 and 180 min after modeling (P = 0.000, for all. There was statistical difference between high- and low-dose prevention group only at 30 min after modeling (P = 0.029. Conclusions The Yangxueqingnao granules can significantly decrease TNC c-Fos protein expression, which suggests that the preventive effect of Yangxueqingnao granules may be greater than the therapeutical effect on migraine. Its preventive effect may be associated with the decrease of TNC c-Fos protein expression. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2014.08.012

  3. Recognising and Interpreting Named Temporal Expressions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brucato, Matteo; Derczynski, Leon; Llorens, Hectjor; Bontcheva, Kallina; Jensen, Christian S.

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces a new class of temporal expression – named temporal expressions – and methods for recognising and interpreting its members. The commonest temporal expressions typically contain date and time words, like April or hours. Research into recognising and interpreting these typical expressions is mature in many languages. However, there is a class of expressions that are less typical, very varied, and difficult to automatically interpret. These indicate dates and times, but are ha...

  4. Etudes de brûleurs adaptés au fonctionnement à faible excès d'air. Première partie Research on Burners Adapted to Operate with Low Air Express. Part One

    OpenAIRE

    Droin R.; Perthuis E.

    2006-01-01

    Cet article constitue la synthèse des résultats acquis dans le cadre de la recherche coopérative EDF-IFP concernant l'étude des paramètres aérodynamiques gouvernant le fonctionnement d'un brûleur à 2 veines d'air avec stabilisateur central à aubages. Après avoir rappelé les motivations de l'étude, et présenté les équipements expérimentaux mis en ceuvre à FIFP et l'EDF, on présente les renseignements significatifs obtenus sur un brûleur de petite échelle (500 à 1000 th/h) opérant sous d'excès ...

  5. Gene expression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We prepared probes for isolating functional pieces of the metallothionein locus. The probes enabled a variety of experiments, eventually revealing two mechanisms for metallothionein gene expression, the order of the DNA coding units at the locus, and the location of the gene site in its chromosome. Once the switch regulating metallothionein synthesis was located, it could be joined by recombinant DNA methods to other, unrelated genes, then reintroduced into cells by gene-transfer techniques. The expression of these recombinant genes could then be induced by exposing the cells to Zn2+ or Cd2+. We would thus take advantage of the clearly defined switching properties of the metallothionein gene to manipulate the expression of other, perhaps normally constitutive, genes. Already, despite an incomplete understanding of how the regulatory switch of the metallothionein locus operates, such experiments have been performed successfully

  6. Transgenic mouse lines expressing rat AH receptor variants - A new animal model for research on AH receptor function and dioxin toxicity mechanisms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han/Wistar (Kuopio; H/W) rats are exceptionally resistant to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity mainly because of their mutated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) gene. In H/W rats, altered splicing of the AHR mRNA generates two AHR proteins: deletion (DEL) and insertion (INS) variants, with the INS isoform being predominantly expressed. To gain further insight into their functional properties, cDNAs of these and rat wild-type (rWT) isoform were transferred into C57BL/6J-derived mice by microinjection. The endogenous mouse AHR was eliminated by selective crossing with Ahr-null mice. A single mouse line was obtained for each of the three constructs. The AHR mRNA levels in tissues were generally close to those of C57BL/6 mice in INS and DEL mice and somewhat higher in rWT mice; in testis, however, all 3 constructs exhibited marked overexpression. The transgenic mouse lines were phenotypically normal except for increased testis weight. Induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes by TCDD occurred similarly to that in C57BL/6 mice, but there tended to be a correlation with AHR concentrations, especially in testis. In contrast to C57BL/6 mice, the transgenics did not display any major gender difference in susceptibility to the acute lethality and hepatotoxicity of TCDD; rWT mice were highly sensitive, DEL mice moderately resistant and INS mice highly resistant. Co-expression of mouse AHR and rWT resulted in augmented sensitivity to TCDD and abolished the natural resistance of female C57BL/6 mice, whereas mice co-expressing mouse AHR and INS were resistant. Thus, these transgenic mouse lines provide a novel promising tool for molecular studies on dioxin toxicity and AHR function.

  7. Dialogue Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund, Peter

    1991-01-01

    Departing from Anthony Giddens´s theory of structuration and the concept double hermeneutics and Jürgen Habermas´s Theory of Communicative Actions the article specifies theories and methods af dialogue as method in the humanities and social sciences. The article concludes by pointing at dialogues as a new theoretical, methodological and empirical research concept i an society where the traditional planning instruments have failed.

  8. Entangled research(ers)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøgger, Katja; Staunæs, Dorthe

    2012-01-01

    This paper takes up the challenges of analyzing how empirical knowledge is created when the research(ers) are always already “thrown into the world” (Heidegger) and thereby affectively “intra-act” (Barad) with and ‘perform’ the empirical knowledge. ‘ ‘Thrownness’ is Heidegger’s way of expressing that the human existence is ‘always already being thrown into the world’, it is there (the ‘Da’ in Da-sein). While “intra-action” is Barad’s concept for the entanglement, the mood or affectivity is the w...

  9. Reporting Research for Practitioners: Proposed Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heck, Daniel J.; Tarr, James E.; Hollebrands, Karen F.; Walker, Erica N.; Berry, Robert Q., III; Baltzley, Patricia C.; Rasmussen, Chris L.; King, Karen D.

    2012-01-01

    The NCTM Research Committee developed this article to address a distinctly important activity that links research and practice: writing research-based articles for practitioner journals. Six guiding principles are described. (Contains 6 figures.)

  10. Editorial: Well Documented Articles Achieve More Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sönke Albers

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This issue offers for the first time supplementary material to articles. It consists of Excel files providing data the research is based on, calculation sheets, and optimization tools. Moreover, text files with pseudo code of algorithms and data of instances used for testing these algorithms as well as a video file with a demonstration of the use of a system in experiments are supplied for download. This material facilitates the understanding of the published articles and the replication of their findings to the benefit of scientific progress. And last but not least, such well documented articles will achieve much more impact.

  11. Research misconduct

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Good research practice is important to the scientific community. An awareness of what constitutes poor practice is important. Various types of research misconduct are defined in this article. The extent of research misconduct in the field of radiology has been assessed by contacting five English language radiology journals. Redundant or duplicate publication has been reported infrequently, Radiology (1), American Journal of Roentgenology (3), Clinical Radiology (3), British Journal of Radiology (2) and European Radiology (1). The issue of how the radiology community might tackle research misconduct is discussed with reference to guidance from the Medical Research Council, the Wellcome Trust and the Committee of Publication Ethics

  12. The Pragmatics of Branding : An Application of Dewey's Theory of Aesthetic Expression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hatch, Mary Jo

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to explore the potential of Dewey's theory of aesthetic expression to expand knowledge about aesthetics in branding and better understand how brands work. The paper aims to mine the pragmatic theory of aesthetic expression as involving artistry, intention and imagination to reveal the role beauty plays alongside usefulness in defining and refining brand image and meaning. Design/methodology/approach: Dewey's dialectical method of holistically combining tensions such as beauty and usefulness is applied to brand theory and used to critique current brand management practices. Findings: The application of the theory of aesthetic expression emphasizes: understanding humans holistically in order to explain how beauty and expression create value and enrich lives; redefining brand ownership and use to accommodate the aesthetic ways people handle expression/expressiveness; and managing brands with appreciation of how beauty empowers them to attract users. Research limitations/implications: Seven dialectical tensions featured in Dewey's theory are identified and developed into holistic propositions for the future study of brands and branding: beauty/usefulness, act/object, inner/outer material, private/public, expression/statement, appreciation/control, symbolic/instrumental. Practical implications: The primary practical implication derived from application of the theory of aesthetic expression to brands and branding is that the most beautiful brands emerge from acts of co-creation that respect the artistry, intention and imagination of the brand's stakeholders. Originality/value: The article offers increased depth to the study of the expressive/emotional/aesthetic aspects of branding and offers an enriched aesthetic foundation for studying and practicing brand co-creation

  13. Newspaper Clippings Articles

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Weather-related newspaper articles and photos, almost exclusively from Baltimore, MD and nearby areas. Includes storm damage, rainfall reports, and weather's affect...

  14. PFCA Article Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established an ongoing effort to quantify possible changes in levels of perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) in articles of commerce (AOCs). Temporal trends in the concentrations of selected PFCs, including perfluorooctanoic acid (PFO...

  15. The research committee of Chuetsu-oki earthquake influences to Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station. How to press-release and take care of expression in articles at press side

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As for the influences of Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake on Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station, we can conclude that 'the safety function of the nuclear power station, that is, 'Shutdown', 'Cooling down' and 'Isolating' functioned as per designed even against an earthquake beyond assumption, and fundamental nuclear safety could assured'. Nevertheless, it is said that one of the causes that harmful rumor had spread was due to mass communication media. In the press reports on some nuclear power station when affected by an earthquake and on trouble in the nuclear power station in the future, we will propose that the publication should be really useful for habitants and citizens and be promoted in the positive and expected direction, in order not to make the same mistake as this time. JSME should aim at implement the above-mentioned proposal under cooperation with other academic societies and organizations. (author)

  16. Writes of Passage: Writing an Empirical Journal Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    This article provides advice about preparing research reports for submission to professional journals in general and "Journal of Marriage and Family" in particular. In addition to working through all the major parts of a research paper, I provide some general advice about writing, editing, and revising. The article is intended to help new…

  17. From Qualitative Dissertation to Quality Articles: Seven Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Glenn A.

    2010-01-01

    New scholars frequently face an immense challenge in writing papers for publication. Qualitative research novices, in particular, experience frustration in getting peer-reviewed papers published in top-tier journals. This article is a primer on converting a dissertation based on qualitative research into a journal article. It summarizes seven…

  18. Mixed Method Research: An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Hossain, Dewan Mahboob

    2012-01-01

    This article gives a general overview of mixed method research. In mixed method, the researchers combine both qualitative and quantitative approaches in a single research project. The article first attempts to define mixed method research. Then it gives a comparison of qualitative and quantitative approaches. It also introduces the well-known controversy among the researchers: which of these approaches is superior? By explaining this controversy, the article identifies the need for mixed meth...

  19. A Reliable and Valid Weighted Scoring Instrument for Use in Grading APA-Style Empirical Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, Kathleen Puglisi

    2012-01-01

    The scoring instrument described in this article is based on a deconstruction of the seven sections of an American Psychological Association (APA)-style empirical research report into a set of learning outcomes divided into content-, expression-, and format-related categories. A double-weighting scheme used to score the report yields a final grade…

  20. The Interplay between Content, Expressions and Their Meaning when Expressing Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvegard, C.; Anderberg, E.; Svensson, L.; Johansson, T.

    2010-01-01

    In the intentional-expressive approach, a development within the phenomenographic tradition, an alternative view of the role of language is adopted. The approach focuses the learner's use of expressions and intended meanings, in relation to his/her conception of a phenomenon. The article presents empirical findings from a study made at a…

  1. Recompressed exfoliated graphite articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhamu, Aruna; Shi, Jinjun; Guo, Jiusheng; Jang, Bor Z

    2013-08-06

    This invention provides an electrically conductive, less anisotropic, recompressed exfoliated graphite article comprising a mixture of (a) expanded or exfoliated graphite flakes; and (b) particles of non-expandable graphite or carbon, wherein the non-expandable graphite or carbon particles are in the amount of between about 3% and about 70% by weight based on the total weight of the particles and the expanded graphite flakes combined; wherein the mixture is compressed to form the article having an apparent bulk density of from about 0.1 g/cm.sup.3 to about 2.0 g/cm.sup.3. The article exhibits a thickness-direction conductivity typically greater than 50 S/cm, more typically greater than 100 S/cm, and most typically greater than 200 S/cm. The article, when used in a thin foil or sheet form, can be a useful component in a sheet molding compound plate used as a fuel cell separator or flow field plate. The article may also be used as a current collector for a battery, supercapacitor, or any other electrochemical cell.

  2. What's to the left of the indefinite article? : Et sådan et spørgsmål er svært at svare på

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wood, Johanna; Vikner, Sten

    2013-01-01

    One approach to research into the syntax of nominals focuses on parallels between nominals and clauses. Within the generative tradition, the structure of the left periphery of the clause has been well documented as a position for e.g. wh-words and topic and focus (see e.g Rizzi 1997), whereas the left periphery of the nominal has received much less attention. One of the more challenging areas of research within the nominal is the analysis of elements that can occur before the indefinite article, e.g. "such (a book)" and "so interesting (a book)". Another recently studied phenomenon, often taken to be linked to this, is indefinite determiner doubling, i.e. nominal expressions which appear to contain two instances of the indefinite article.

  3. Automatic Facial Expression Analysis A Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Sumathi, C. P.; T. Santhanam; M.Mahadevi

    2013-01-01

    The Automatic Facial Expression Recognition has been one of the latest research topic since1990’s.There have been recent advances in detecting face, facial expression recognition andclassification. There are multiple methods devised for facial feature extraction which helps in identifyingface and facial expressions. This paper surveys some of the published work since 2003 till date. Variousmethods are analysed to identify the Facial expression. The Paper also discusses about the facialparamet...

  4. Neutron absorbing article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A neutron absorbing article, in flat plate form and suitable for use in a storage rack for spent fuel, includes boron carbide particles, diluent particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix binding the boron carbide and diluent particles. The total conent of boron carbide and diluent particles is a major proportion of the article and the content of cured phenolic polymer present is a minor proportion. By regulation of the ratio of boron carbide particles to diluent particles, normally within the range of 1:9 and 9:1 and preferably within the range of 1:5 to 5:1, the neutron absorbing activity of the product may be controlled, which facilitates the manufacture of articles of particular absorbing activities best suitable for specific applications

  5. Neutron absorbing article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A neutron-absorbing article suitable for use in spent fuel racks is described. It comprises boron carbide particles, diluent particles, and a phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix. The diluent may be silicon carbide, graphite, amorphous carbon, alumina, or silica. The combined boron carbide-diluent phase contains no more than 2 percent B2O3, and the neutron-absorbing article contains from 20 to 40 percent phenol resin. The ratio of boron carbide to diluent particles is in the range 1:9 to 9:1

  6. Science Education Research vs. Physics Education Research: A Structural Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akarsu, Bayram

    2010-01-01

    The main goal of this article is to introduce physics education research (PER) to researchers in other fields. Topics include discussion of differences between science education research (SER) and physics education research (PER), physics educators, research design and methodology in physics education research and current research traditions and…

  7. Advances in Survey Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braverman, Marc T., Ed.; Slater, Jana Kay, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    The seven articles of this special issue focus on theory and research related to survey methods and whether evaluators need information that is absent from the larger survey literature. These articles reflect the view that the considerations relating to good survey research apply also to using surveys in evaluation. (SLD)

  8. Analysis of the journal articles of medical imaging by bibliometrics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the development status, character and trends of medical imaging. Methods: The articles published on >, > and > from 1983 to 1996 were analyzed by bibliometrics and compared with the articles published on > and > of USA. Results: total numbers of the published articles were increasing gradually in these years. But, the rate of increase was not equal among different research fields. For example, the number of research articles of CT, MR and Interventional Radiography were increasing more quickly than that of X ray. It was also found that the development status and trends of medical imaging were different between China and America. Most research articles published in the journals of America in 1996 were about MR, whereas CT ranked first in china in the same year. Conclusion: Medical imaging develops very quickly in recent years. The emphasis of research and development has switched over from traditional X ray to new fields or techniques, such as Ct, MR and interventional radiology

  9. Access to Articles through the Online Catalog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitkin, Gary M.

    1988-01-01

    Describes an automated library network system designed by the Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries that offers traditional serials control functions and access to the actual article content of journals. The design of the database and plans for a document delivery system are discussed. (CLB)

  10. The Gifted Enigma: A Collection of Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vialle, Wilma, Ed.; Geake, John, Ed.

    Twenty-one research articles originally published in the "Australasian Journal of Gifted Education" over the past decade are collected in this book and address aspects of gifted education including pedagogy and curriculum, policy and practice, social and emotional needs, school and family, neuropsychology and cognition, and special populations.…

  11. Effect Size Reporting Practices in Published Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhija, Fadia Nasser-Abu; Levy, Adi

    2009-01-01

    Effect size (ES) reporting practices in a sample of 10 educational research journals are examined in this study. Five of these journals explicitly require reporting ES and the other 5 have no such policy. Data were obtained from 99 articles published in the years 2003 and 2004, in which 183 statistical analyses were conducted. Findings indicate no…

  12. Review article: Recent advances in nanomaterial fabrication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As nanostructures with well-controlled dimension, composition, and crystallinity are expected to be a new class of intriguing system for investigating structure-property relations, this review article provides a comprehensive review of researches of these materials and related applications.

  13. Controversial article on geonomastics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgeny Shokhenmayer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss, firstly, the substantiation of a new discipline within the applied onomastics with a short excursion into the historical domain, its relationship to other sub-disciplines, then its difference from toponymics, and finally to give an example of contemporary works at the intersection of geography, linguistics, onomastics, cartography, map semantics and others.

  14. Controversial article on geonomastics

    OpenAIRE

    Evgeny Shokhenmayer

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to discuss, firstly, the substantiation of a new discipline within the applied onomastics with a short excursion into the historical domain, its relationship to other sub-disciplines, then its difference from toponymics, and finally to give an example of contemporary works at the intersection of geography, linguistics, onomastics, cartography, map semantics and others.

  15. DO INDIAN RESEARCHERS READ INDIAN RESEARCH?

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Chittaranjan; Choudhury, Partha

    1994-01-01

    It is the authors' experience that papers in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP) under-reference relevant research previously published in the journal. To empirically address this issue, four volumes of the IJP, from 1989 to 1992 (both years inclusive), were surveyed. It was found that of 292 articles examined, 133 articles (45.5%) had neglected to cite relevant articles previously published in the IJP. The overall ratio of IJP reference included to IJP reference omitted was 1:1. Surprisin...

  16. Temporal Expressions in Japanese-to-English Machine Translation

    CERN Document Server

    Bond, F; Uchino, H; Bond, Francis; Ogura, Kentaro; Uchino, Hajime

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes in outline a method for translating Japanese temporal expressions into English. We argue that temporal expressions form a special subset of language that is best handled as a special module in machine translation. The paper deals with problems of lexical idiosyncrasy as well as the choice of articles and prepositions within temporal expressions. In addition temporal expressions are considered as parts of larger structures, and the question of whether to translate them as noun phrases or adverbials is addressed.

  17. Animal research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsson, I.A.S.; SandØe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the ethical issues in animal research using a combined approach of ethical theory and analysis of scientific findings with bearing on the ethical analysis. The article opens with a general discussion of the moral acceptability of animal use in research. The use of animals in research is analyzed from the viewpoint of three distinct ethical approaches: contractarianism, utilitarianism, and animal rights view. On a contractarian view, research on animals is only an ethical issue to the extent that other humans as parties to the social contract care about how research animals are faring. From the utilitarian perspective, the use of sentient animals in research that may harm them is an ethical issue, but harm done to animals can be balanced by benefit generated for humans and other animals. The animal rights view, when thoroughgoing, is abolitionist as regards the use of animals in science (as in any other human use that is not also in the animals’ best interest). These views are not compatible, and since all three views in more or less pure form are found in modern Western societies, use of animals for research is bound to cause controversy. However, there may be room for some kind of compromise where adherents of each view compromise on some points. The ethical basis for the mainstream view of the use of animals in research is analyzed in this light. In the second part of the article, scientific information about the use of animals in research (and in particular the harm and benefit of such use) is analyzed in the light of ethical questions that seem to be pertinent against the background of a mainstream compromise view.

  18. Strategy and research programs on the long life high activity radioactive wastes management (concerning the article L542 of the environment code, of the law of the 30 December 1991). Knowledge and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Describing the research strategy and the programs around the three axis, separation and transmutation - deep underground storage - conditioning and long time disposal, this document is a reference concerning the research programs of the law of the 30 December 1991. This 2004 edition presents the historical approach and the main context, the objectives, the methods and criteria followed, the research program organization and implemented coordination structures. It provides also the results of the last ten years. (A.L.B.)

  19. Effectively Communicating Qualitative Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Grieger, Ingrid

    2007-01-01

    This article is a guide for counseling researchers wishing to communicate the methods and results of their qualitative research to varied audiences. The authors posit that the first step in effectively communicating qualitative research is the development of strong qualitative research skills. To this end, the authors review a process model for…

  20. The Simulation of Smiles (SIMS) model: Embodied simulation and the meaning of facial expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedenthal, Paula M; Mermillod, Martial; Maringer, Marcus; Hess, Ursula

    2010-12-01

    Recent application of theories of embodied or grounded cognition to the recognition and interpretation of facial expression of emotion has led to an explosion of research in psychology and the neurosciences. However, despite the accelerating number of reported findings, it remains unclear how the many component processes of emotion and their neural mechanisms actually support embodied simulation. Equally unclear is what triggers the use of embodied simulation versus perceptual or conceptual strategies in determining meaning. The present article integrates behavioral research from social psychology with recent research in neurosciences in order to provide coherence to the extant and future research on this topic. The roles of several of the brain's reward systems, and the amygdala, somatosensory cortices, and motor centers are examined. These are then linked to behavioral and brain research on facial mimicry and eye gaze. Articulation of the mediators and moderators of facial mimicry and gaze are particularly useful in guiding interpretation of relevant findings from neurosciences. Finally, a model of the processing of the smile, the most complex of the facial expressions, is presented as a means to illustrate how to advance the application of theories of embodied cognition in the study of facial expression of emotion. PMID:21211115

  1. Experiencia del Comité de Ética de Investigación en Seres Humanos de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Chile y los desafíos que impone la nueva legislación chilena en la investigación médica / Experience of a research Ethics Committee and the challenges of the new Chilean legislation on research in human beings

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Manuel, Oyarzún G; María Eugenia, Pinto C; Gina G, Raineri B; Hugo, Amigo; Lucía, Cifuentes O; María Julieta, González; Nina, Horwitz; Claudia, Marshall F; Gricel, Orellana V.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english The welfare of research participants must be guaranteed by international ethical standards. This article communicates the procedures of the Research Ethics Committee of the School of Medicine, University of Chile (CEISH). The new Chilean legislation on research in human beings is also discussed. Law [...] 20.120: "On scientific research in human beings, its genome and forbidding human cloning" establishes the ethical principles that must be accomplished in every research involving human beings. Article 28 of the Law 20.584 "Regulation of the rights and duties of health care users", forbids the participation of handicapped people who cannot express their will in scientific research. Article 13 states that people not related directly with patient care cannot have access to his clinical records (with the exception of people with notarial authorization by the patient). CEISH proposes that, in case of people with intellectual deficiency, the decision to approve a scientific research should be analyzed on an individual basis. If the person is capable of expressing his or her will or has stated his or her consent beforehand, the research can be authorized. If the person cannot express his or her will, the scientific research cannot take place. In prospective studies, a consent from the patient and an authorization of the health authority should be required to access clinical records. In retrospective studies, consent should be obtained from the patient when personal information is going to be used. If the information is nameless, the consent can be disregarded.

  2. The motivation to express prejudice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forscher, Patrick S.; Cox, William T. L.; Graetz, Nicholas; Devine, Patricia G.

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary prejudice research focuses primarily on people who are motivated to respond without prejudice and the ways in which unintentional bias can cause these people to act inconsistent with this motivation. However, some real-world phenomena (e.g., hate speech, hate crimes) and experimental findings (e.g., Plant & Devine, 2001; 2009) suggest that some expressions of prejudice are intentional. These phenomena and findings are difficult to explain solely from the motivations to respond without prejudice. We argue that some people are motivated to express prejudice, and we develop the motivation to express prejudice (MP) scale to measure this motivation. In seven studies involving more than 6,000 participants, we demonstrate that, across scale versions targeted at Black people and gay men, the MP scale has good reliability and convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity. In normative climates that prohibit prejudice, the internal and external motivations to express prejudice are functionally non-independent, but they become more independent when normative climates permit more prejudice toward a target group. People high in the motivation to express prejudice are relatively likely to resist pressure to support programs promoting intergroup contact and vote for political candidates who support oppressive policies. The motivation to express prejudice predicted these outcomes even when controlling for attitudes and the motivations to respond without prejudice. This work encourages contemporary prejudice researchers to broaden the range of samples, target groups, and phenomena that they study, and more generally to consider the intentional aspects of negative intergroup behavior. PMID:26479365

  3. Research by design - a research strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauberg, JØrgen

    Abstract The idea of an expressive component in research is important to the architectural industry. The expressive element - the possibility of expressing the qualitative aspects of the world and adding something new to the existing through experiments and proposals - is characteristic for the field. All research environments, in the science tradition and in the humanities, have their characteristics. On the one hand, they live up to certain common scientific and methodological criteria - originality and transparency - on the other hand they have different practices, using different methods. Research is ‘coloured’ by traditions and professions, and research in architecture should be coloured too, taking in consideration that the practise of architects stretch from natural science and sociology to art, and because the most important way in which the architect achieves new cognition is through the work with form and space – drawings, models and completed works. Probably all good design is informed by some kind of researchresearch based design. But can research arise from design?

  4. Standards for the preparation and writing of Psychology review articles

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Fern\\u00E1ndez-R\\u00EDos; Gualberto Buela-Casal

    2009-01-01

    The synthesis of bibliographical resources addressing a topic is an interesting subject for research. It is included as part of literature reviews. The aim of this theoretical study is to establish a series of standards for planning, preparing and writing Psychology review articles. With this aim, the study suggests a set of guidelines for the structuring and justification of content for these types of articles: organisation of the article, background understanding of the topic, literature re...

  5. Collaborative Bibliographic System for Review/Survey Articles

    OpenAIRE

    Beraka, Mutaz; Al-Dhelaan, Abdullah; Al-Rodhaan, Mznah

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a Bibliographic system intends to exchange bibliographic information of survey/review articles by relying on Web service technology. It allows researchers and university students to interact with system via single service using platform-independent standard named Web service to add, search and retrieve bibliographic information of review articles in various science and technology fields and build-up a dedicated database for these articles in each science ...

  6. Effective Clustering Algorithms for Gene Expression Data

    CERN Document Server

    Chandrasekhar, T; Elayaraja, E

    2012-01-01

    Microarrays are made it possible to simultaneously monitor the expression profiles of thousands of genes under various experimental conditions. Identification of co-expressed genes and coherent patterns is the central goal in microarray or gene expression data analysis and is an important task in Bioinformatics research. In this paper, K-Means algorithm hybridised with Cluster Centre Initialization Algorithm (CCIA) is proposed Gene Expression Data. The proposed algorithm overcomes the drawbacks of specifying the number of clusters in the K-Means methods. Experimental analysis shows that the proposed method performs well on gene Expression Data when compare with the traditional K- Means clustering and Silhouette Coefficients cluster measure.

  7. Dynamics of hepatic gene expression and serum cytokine profiles in single and double-hit burn and sepsis animal models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohit Rao

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We simulate the pathophysiology of severe burn trauma and burn-induced sepsis, using rat models of experimental burn injury and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP either individually (singe-hit model or in combination (double-hit model. The experimental burn injury simulates a systemic but sterile pro-inflammatory response, while the CLP simulates the effect of polymicrobial sepsis. Given the liver?s central role in mediating the host immune response and onset of hypermetabolism after burn injury, elucidating the alterations in hepatic gene expression in response to injury can lead to a better understanding of the regulation of the inflammatory response, whereas circulating cytokine protein expression, reflects key systemic inflammatory mediators. In this article, we present both the hepatic gene expression and circulating cytokine/chemokine protein expression data for the above-mentioned experimental model to gain insights into the temporal dynamics of the inflammatory and hypermetabolic response following burn and septic injury. This data article supports results discussed in research articles (Yang et al., 2012 [1,4]; Mattick et al. 2012, 2013 [2,3]; Nguyen et al., 2014 [5]; Orman et al., 2011, 2012 [6–8].

  8. Researching with undergraduate students

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulf-Andersen, Trine Østergaard; Mogensen, Kevin; Hjort-Madsen, Peder

    2013-01-01

    The article presents a particular case of undergraduate students working on subprojects within the framework of their supervisors' (the authors') research project during Autumn Semester 2012 and Spring Semester 2013. The article's purpose is to show that an institutionalized focus on students as "research learners" rather than merely curriculum learners proves productive for both research and teaching. We describe the specific university learning context and the particular organization of underg...

  9. "Adultspan" Publication Patterns: Author and Article Characteristics from 1999 to 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erford, Bradley T.; Clark, Kelly H.; Erford, Breann M.

    2011-01-01

    Publication patterns of articles in "Adultspan" from 1999 to 2009 were reviewed. Author characteristics and article content were analyzed to determine trends over time. Research articles were analyzed specifically for type of research design, classification, sampling method, types of participants, sample size, types of statistics used, and…

  10. The Question of Data Integrity in Article-Level Metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Gregg; Lin, Jennifer; Cave, Richard; Dandrea, Ralph

    2015-01-01

    Interest in and use of article-level metrics (ALMs) has grown rapidly amongst the research community, by researchers, publishers, funders, and research institutions. As this happens, it is critical to ensure secure and reliable data that is trustworthy and can be used by all. Two case studies are presented, which illustrate different approaches to establishing ALM data integrity. PMID:26296237

  11. Research strategy and programs about the management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (by right of the article L542 of the environment law and belonging to the December 30, 1991 law)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document has been prepared by the French public organizations on charge of the researches about the management of radioactive wastes in the framework of the law from December 30, 1991. It was presented at the national commission of evaluation on March 6, 2002. It comprises 6 chapters dealing with: 1 - the methodology, structuration and implementation of researches: main goals; products of the back-end of the fuel cycle and evaluation of fluxes; technical structuration of programs; researches consistency, complementarity and priority; criteria of appreciation of researches relevance; 2 - the main results after 10 years of researches in the framework of the 1991 law: abatement of wastes noxiousness; wastes conditioning; long-term storage; studies on geological disposal; 3 - the main steps towards 2006: separation and transmutation; underground disposal; conditioning and long-term behaviour; 4 - presentation and analysis of research programs: separation-transmutation; feasibility of a deep geologic disposal (clay, granite); conditioning and storage (containers, storage and long-term behaviour); 5 - coordination: authorities, share of data, research programs; 6 - international collaborations; appendixes. (J.S.)

  12. La difusión de las investigaciones y el formato IMRYD: Una pesquisa a propósito de la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos / The dissemination of research and the IMRYD format: a screennig apropos of the critical reading of the scientific articles

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Julio, García del Junco; Mario, Castellanos Verdugo.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia la importancia del formato IMRYD -Introducción, Métodos, Resultados y Discusión- para la organización del artículo científico entre los investigadores y profesores de mercadeo y organización de empresas. Con vistas a identificar qué aspectos consideran más importantes en esta estructura, [...] se interrogó a 143 catedráticos de las áreas referidas. Una vez informatizados los datos recogidos, se aplicó el modelo de Rasch para determinar los aspectos considerados como los más importantes por el grupo de expertos consultados. Los especialistas consultados señalaron un total de 20 aspectos como los más relevantes para evaluar la calidad de un artículo científico. Finalmente, a partir de lo indicado por los expertos consultados, se conformó una guía para la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos en las áreas del mercadeo y la organización empresarial. Abstract in english The importance of the format IMRYD -Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion- for the organization of the scientific article among the investigators and professors of marketing and businesses organization is studied. 143 professors of the referred areas were interviewed in order to know which a [...] re the aspects considered by them as the most important in this structure. Once the collected data were computerized, Rasch's model was applied to determine the aspects chosen as the most significant by the group of experts consulted. These specialists indicated a total of 20 aspects as the most relevant to evaluate the quality of a scientific article. Finally, from the aspects mentioned by the experts consulted, a guide for the critical reading of the scientific articles in the areas of marketing and business organization was made.

  13. La difusión de las investigaciones y el formato IMRYD: Una pesquisa a propósito de la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos The dissemination of research and the IMRYD format: a screennig apropos of the critical reading of the scientific articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio García del Junco

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia la importancia del formato IMRYD -Introducción, Métodos, Resultados y Discusión- para la organización del artículo científico entre los investigadores y profesores de mercadeo y organización de empresas. Con vistas a identificar qué aspectos consideran más importantes en esta estructura, se interrogó a 143 catedráticos de las áreas referidas. Una vez informatizados los datos recogidos, se aplicó el modelo de Rasch para determinar los aspectos considerados como los más importantes por el grupo de expertos consultados. Los especialistas consultados señalaron un total de 20 aspectos como los más relevantes para evaluar la calidad de un artículo científico. Finalmente, a partir de lo indicado por los expertos consultados, se conformó una guía para la lectura crítica de los artículos científicos en las áreas del mercadeo y la organización empresarial.The importance of the format IMRYD -Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion- for the organization of the scientific article among the investigators and professors of marketing and businesses organization is studied. 143 professors of the referred areas were interviewed in order to know which are the aspects considered by them as the most important in this structure. Once the collected data were computerized, Rasch's model was applied to determine the aspects chosen as the most significant by the group of experts consulted. These specialists indicated a total of 20 aspects as the most relevant to evaluate the quality of a scientific article. Finally, from the aspects mentioned by the experts consulted, a guide for the critical reading of the scientific articles in the areas of marketing and business organization was made.

  14. Research is our middle name

    Science.gov (United States)

    This article highlights research by the USDA-ARS Greenhouse Production Research Group (GPRG). It provides an overview of the current research projects of the Application Technology Research Unit being conducted by the Agricultural Engineering Research Group, the Horticultural Insects Research Group...

  15. Content Analysis of the 20 Most Influential Articles in "PIQ"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Yonjoo; Park, Sunyoung

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine key research themes in human performance technology (HPT) through content analysis of the 20 most influential articles identified in Cho, Jo, Park, Kang, and Chen (2011). Three questions guiding this inquiry are: (1) What are the key themes of the 20 most influential articles in "PIQ", (2) What information…

  16. ac superconducting articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A noval ac superconducting cable is described. It consists of a composite structure having a superconducting surface along with a high thermally conductive material wherein the superconducting surface has the desired physical properties, geometrical shape and surface finish produced by the steps of depositing a superconducting layer upon a substrate having a predetermined surface finish and shape which conforms to that of the desired superconducting article, depositing a supporting layer of material on the superconducting layer and removing the substrate, the surface of the superconductor being a replica of the substrate surface

  17. Revised article: Business Ideas Competition

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    THIS ARTICLE REPLACES THAT PUBLISHED IN BULLETIN 27/2003, PAGE 8. "The Rainbow Seed Fund is a UK fund, which provides finance to support the commercialization of good ideas founded on scientific research; it is for the benefit of the UK industry in particular. To encourage ideas from CERN the Rainbow Seed Fund is running a business ideas competition. The winner of this competition will receive an immediate cash prize of GBP £1,000. In addition the Rainbow Seed Fund may well provide finance for market research, for protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and for prototyping to take the idea forward. Further awards of GBP £750 will be made for ideas which gain investment from the Fund. Candidates will only be required to prepare a 2-4-page summary of their business idea, and not a full business plan. Full details and an entry form are available at http://www.rainbowseedfund.com." ALL Members of the Personnel seeking participation in the business ideas competition are asked to submit their ideas via ...

  18. The Language of Islamophobia in Internet Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haja Mohideen

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Islamophobia, the hatred for and fear of Islam and Muslims, manifests itself in physical, political, cultural, linguistic and other forms. From the linguistic perspective, many words have been coined to perpetuate prejudices against Muslims and their religion. Expressions are freely used to associate Islam, which means “peace” in Arabic, with concepts and actions which the religion and practising Muslims do not approve of, much less condone. Expressions such as Islamic terrorism, Islamic fanaticism, Muslim extremists, Islamist and political Islam have been used pejoratively. To strike fear and misgivings in the minds of many Europeans, the British capital has even been mischievously called “Londonistan” by anti-Muslim elements. Known Islamophobic items taken from Internet articles need to be analysed to respond objectively to linguistic Islamophobia.

  19. Research in organizational participation and cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Hans Jeppe; Jønsson, Thomas; Rasmussen, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses some different perspectives on organizational participation and presents conducted and ongoing research projects by the research unit SPARK at Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus.

  20. Selected Aquatic Articles. Sports Articles Reprint Series. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, Annie, Ed.

    This is a collection of articles from the "DGWS (Division for Girls and Women's Sports) Aquatic Guides" from 1963-1969. All articles, with one exception, were revised to present the most important contributions for that time period in aquatic activity beyond simple swimming. Included in the selection are articles on fear and the non-swimmer, deep…

  1. Funciones discursivas de la evaluación negativa en informes de arbitraje de artículos de investigación / Fonctions discursives de l’évaluation négative dans des rapports d’arbitrage d’articles de recherche dans le domaine de l’éducation / Discourse functions of negative evaluation in peer review reports of research articles in education / Funções discursivas da avaliação negativa em relatórios de arbitragem de artigos de pesquisa em educação

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adriana, Bolívar.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como intuito identificar as funções discursivas da avaliação negativa nos relatórios de arbitragem de artigos de pesquisa que serão publicados numa revista da área de educação. O estudo é qualitativo por ter analisado corpus e faz ênfase nas avaliações com um “não” avaliativo. Foi [...] utilizado um corpus de 51 relatórios escritos por pares acadêmicos. Foram analisados 158 trechos textuais nos que foram identificadas as funções discursivas de acordo com os parâmetros linguísticos, normativos e cognitivos. Como resultado, apareceram quatro funções discursivas predominantes que denominamos: detrativa, corretiva, epistêmica e relacionante. Cada uma destas funções avalia aspectos do artigo: o que não aparece, o que não está certo, o que não está claro, o que não está permitido. O estudo oferece informação importante para editores de revistas, árbitros e autores destacando a relevância do relatório de arbitragem como gênero acadêmico de avaliação no sistema de avaliação por pares, a respeito de uma disciplina específica nas Humanidades. Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to identify the discourse functions of negative evaluation in peer reviews of research articles submitted to a Venezuelan journal in the area of education. A corpus-based qualitative study is carried out focusing mainly on evaluation with evaluative “no”. The corpus consists [...] of 51 peer review reports. A total of 158 textual segments are analyzed with reference to linguistic, normative and cognitive parameters of evaluation. As a result, four main discourse functions emerge from the data, which have been called: detractive, corrective, epistemic and relational. Each one of these functions evaluates aspects of the article: what is not present, what is not correct, what is not clear, and what is not allowed. The study offers important information to journal editors, reviewers and authors, and highlights the relevance of the peer review report as an academic evaluative genre in the peer reviewing system, with respect to a specific discipline in the humanities.

  2. Shaping Expressive Performance: A Problem-Solving Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broomhead, Paul

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the benefits of constructivism for both teachers and students. The author believes that teachers can increase student engagement in expressive performance learning without giving up performance quality.

  3. Research strategy and programmes on the management of long-lived high-level radioactive waste (pursuant to article L542 of the environmental code taken from the law of December 30, 1991)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is made of two parts: the first part is a status report which highlights the main achievements of all research activities conducted in 2001 in the global context of national and international efforts on nuclear waste management (partitioning and transmutation, disposal in deep geological formations, conditioning and storage, national and international collaborations, report no 7 of the national review board (CNE), the Global 201 conference and the year 2001 highlights). The second part is the executive summary of the 2002 edition of the 'Research strategy and programmes' document. The new edition has ben reorganized according to previous editions in an effort to make it more concise, clearer and more comprehensive. Chapter 1 now focusses entirely on the methodology followed by all research partners and stakeholders in structuring and implementing research programmes. Chapter 2 is new and provides a summary of the major research results 10 years after the 1991 law became effective. Chapter 3 is also new and highlights the major milestones yet ahead and identified in terms of both objectives to be attained and key steps leading up to 2006. Chapter 4 contains a detailed description and analysis of the programmes envisaged and the last 2 chapters discuss very broadly the coordination of research activities and the way they are being implemented both at national (chapter 5) and international (chapter 6) levels. (J.S.)

  4. Tracing scientist's research trends realtimely

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xianwen; Wang, Zhi; Xu, Shenmeng

    2012-01-01

    In this research, we propose a method to trace scientists' research trends realtimely. By monitoring the downloads of scientific articles in the journal of Scientometrics for 744 hours, namely one month, we investigate the download statistics. Then we aggregate the keywords in these downloaded research papers, and analyze the trends of article downloading and keyword downloading. Furthermore, taking both the download of keywords and articles into consideration, we design a m...

  5. Thematic Categorization and Analysis of Peer Reviewed Articles in the LISA Database, 2004-2005. A Review of: Gonzalez-Alcaide, Gregorio, Lourdes Castello-Cogolles, Carolina Navarro-Molina, et al. “Library and Information Science Research Areas: Analysis of Journal Articles in LISA.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 59.1 (2008: 150-4.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Perryman

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To provide an updated categorization of Library and Information Science (LIS publications and to identify trends in LIS research.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – The Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA database via the CSA Illumina interface.Subjects – 11,273 item records published from 2004-2005 and indexed in LISA.Methods – First, a search was set up to retrieve all records from 2004-2005, limited to peer review items (called “arbitrated works” by the authors (150 and excluding book reviews. Second, thematic descriptor terms used for the records were identified. Frequency counts for descriptor term occurrence were compiled using Microsoft Access and Pajek software programs. From the results of this search, the top terms were analyzed using the Kamada-Kawai algorithm in order to eliminate descriptor term co-occurrence frequencies under 30. A cluster analysis was used to depict thematic foci for the remaining records, providing a co-word network that visually identified topic areas of most frequent publication. Conclusions were drawn from these findings, and recommendations for further research were provided.Main Results – The authors identified 18 “thematic research core fields” (152 clustered around three large categories, “World Wide Web”, “Education”, and “Libraries”, plus 12 additional peripheral categories, and provided a schematic of field interrelationships.Conclusion – Domains of greatest focus for research “continue to be of practical and applied nature,” (153 but include increased emphasis on the World Wide Web and communications technologies, as well as on user studies. A table of the most frequently occurring areas of research along with their top three descriptor terms is provided (Table1, 152 (e.g., “World Wide Web” as the top area of research, with “online information retrieval” (268 occurrences, “searching” (132 occurrences, and “web sites” (115 occurrences.

  6. Title, abstract, key words and references in biomedical articles

    OpenAIRE

    Brki? Silvija; Vu?enovi? Marija; ?oki? Zorica

    2003-01-01

    Scientists frequently communicate the results of their work in research reports. When writing scientific articles, authors must follow instructions and requirements of standard article format. A scientific paper should have in proper order, a Title, Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods Results, Discussion, Conclusion and Literature. A title should be the fewest possible words that accurately describe the content of the paper. It should attract researchers' attention in order to be inc...

  7. Publishing an Article: A Main Goal for a Graduate Course

    OpenAIRE

    Hilke, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This essay discusses the effectiveness of a graduate course for physics students, with a course goal to write a publishable article on a modern research topic (graphene). I analyze the tools used to this end, which included Web 2.0 methods, in-class discussions and presentation, as well as extensive peer-review. In addition to producing a published article, this course led students to not only advance their mastery of a modern research topic but also to significantly improve...

  8. Voice recognition software can be used for scientific articles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Huang, Chenxi; Burcharth, Jacob; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Dictation of scientific articles has been recognised as an efficient method for producing high-quality, first article drafts. However, standardised transcription service by a secretary may not be available for all researchers and voice recognition software (VRS) may therefore be an alternative. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the out-of-the-box accuracy of VRS. METHODS: Eleven young researchers without dictation experience dictated the first draft of their own scientific ...

  9. Neutron absorbing article and method for manufacture of such article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A neutron absorbing article is described which comprises boron carbide particles and an irreversibly-cured phenol aldehyde condensation polymer cured to a continuous matrix about the boron carbide particles. Such an article may be used in spent fuel storage racks. It can be manufactured by mixing together a curable phenolic resin with boron carbide particles, compacting the mixture to an article of desired shape, curing the resin at an elevated temperature, impregnating the cured article with curable phenolic resin in liquid state, and curing the article again

  10. Getting To The Bottom Of The Well: The Value Of Qualitative Research Into Teaching And Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glynis Cousin

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Qualitative researchers are often compelled to defend their methods and associated underpinning philosophy to researchers from other cultures of inquiry. This is particularly so where academics from a variety of disciplines are undertaking research into teaching and learning from a non-social scientific background.  This article examines how we might best mount a defence of the qualitative tradition for teaching and learning research through the identification of:a the commonalities between quantitative and qualitative research approaches; b the relation between qualitative research and the humanities; and c the distinctiveness of qualitative research. In discussing these issues I address reservations often expressed by those who are sceptical of the value of qualitative research, proposing  that a fruitful way of explicating this value is to draw attention to affinities across cultures of inquiry.

  11. Supporting data of spatiotemporal proliferation of human stromal cells adjusts to nutrient availability and leads to stanniocalcin-1 expression in vitro and in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higuera, Gustavo A; Fernandes, Hugo; Spitters, Tim W G M; van de Peppel, Jeroen; Aufferman, Nils; Truckenmueller, Roman; Escalante, Maryana; Stoop, Reinout; van Leeuwen, Johannes P; de Boer, Jan; Subramaniam, Vinod; Karperien, Marcel; van Blitterswijk, Clemens; van Boxtel, Anton; Moroni, Lorenzo

    2015-12-01

    This data article contains seven figures and two tables supporting the research article entitled: spatiotemporal proliferation of human stromal cells adjusts to nutrient availability and leads to stanniocalcin-1 expression in vitro and in vivo[1]. The data explain the culture of stromal cells in vitro in three culture systems: discs, scaffolds and scaffolds in a perfusion bioreactor system. Also, quantification of extracellular matrix components (ECM) in vitro and staining of ECM components in vivo can be found here. Finally the quantification of blood vessels dimensions from CD31 signals and representative histograms of stanniocalcin-1 fluorescent signals in negative controls and experimental conditions in vivo are presented. PMID:26484359

  12. Enhancing the Ability of Creative Expression and Intercultural Understanding through Visual Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widjajanto, Wahju Agung; Lund, Michael; Schelhowe, Heidi

    In our web-based platform “Wayang Authoring” children with different cultural backgrounds can create and share stories, and make experiences in culturally different storytelling. The idea of Wayang Authoring is based on the Indonesian ancient art form Wayang. The research question focuses on if and how the design of our system can support children to enhance understanding of story grammar, creative storytelling and self-expression as well as help to share cultural diversity. In this article the Wayang Authoring platform and its background is presented.

  13. INTERTEXTUALITY IN INDONESIAN NEWSPAPER OPINION ARTICLES ON EDUCATION: ITS TYPES, FUNCTIONS, AND DISCURSIVE PRACTICE

    OpenAIRE

    Anni Holila Pulungan; Edi D. Subroto; Sri Samiati Tarjana; Sumarlam

    2010-01-01

    This research deals with intertextuality in opinion articles on education. Its objectives are to discover types and functions of intertextuality in the articles and to reveal its social practice. The results of the research reveal there are three major types and two major functions of intertextuality in the articles. The type dominantly applied is indirect quotation and the function dominantly applied is to provide things in detail. The social practice found in the articles is that the intert...

  14. Researcher positioning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørck, Line Lerche; Khawaja, Iram

    2009-01-01

    abstract  This article focuses on the complex and multi-layered process of researcher positioning, specifically in relation to the politically sensitive study of marginalised and ‘othered' groups such as Muslims living in Denmark. We discuss the impact of different ethnic, religious and racial backgrounds, of membership in a minoritised[i] or majoritised group, and the influence of different theoretical and methodological outlooks on our common goal of trying to transcend existing othering and o...

  15. Researcher Positioning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khawaja, Iram; Mørck, Line Lerche

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on the complex and multilayered process of researcher positioning,specifically in relation to the politically sensitive study of marginalised and "othered"groups such as Muslims living in Denmark. We discuss the impact of different ethnic,religious, and racial backgrounds, of membership in a minoritised1 or majoritisedgroup, and the influence of different theoretical and methodological outlooks on ourcommon goal of trying to transcend existing othering and objectifying repre...

  16. On the Shoulders of Giants: The Growing Impact of Older Articles

    OpenAIRE

    Verstak, Alex; Acharya, Anurag; Suzuki, Helder; Henderson, Sean; Iakhiaev, Mikhail; Lin, Cliff Chiung Yu; Shetty, Namit

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the evolution of the impact of older scholarly articles. We attempt to answer four questions. First, how often are older articles cited and how has this changed over time. Second, how does the impact of older articles vary across different research fields. Third, is the change in the impact of older articles accelerating or slowing down. Fourth, are these trends different for much older articles. To answer these questions, we studied citations fro...

  17. Supervisory process from a supportive-expressive relational psychodynamic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diener, Marc J; Mesrie, Vicky

    2015-06-01

    Substantial theoretical and empirical focus has been placed on detailing the processes that therapists use in psychotherapy. Relatively limited investigation, however, has been conducted into the utility of the various techniques and processes that supervisors use in facilitating the development of trainee competence to conduct psychotherapy. The present article explores 2 sets of supervisory techniques/processes that can be used to assist novice therapists in the development of clinical skills from a supportive-expressive (Luborsky, 1984) relational (Greenberg & Mitchell, 1983) psychodynamic approach: (a) providing systematic and structured training in interpretation, and (b) facilitating trainee use of countertransference. We detail the theoretical underpinnings and research findings for each supervisory process, followed by presentation of vignettes illustrating supervisor-supervisee interactions that demonstrate the use of these processes. PMID:25365152

  18. ???? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????(Russian and Norwegian culinary expressions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Komarova

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a description of culinary terms in Russian and Norwegian, and deals with the contrastive study of metaphorical expressions containing such terms, making a special point of their origin, thematic variety and linguistic properties. The author argues that the universal character of metaphorical changes makes itself evident in a large number of expressions containing either verbs connected with cooking or naming products and dishes used as characteristics of a human being or human actions, great number of them being used pejoratively. The author argues that the study of the structure and semantics of these phraseological units can also be of great help in getting a better command of the culture and history of the country and its language.

  19. Standards for the preparation and writing of Psychology review articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernández-Ríos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis of bibliographical resources addressing a topic is an interesting subject for research. It is included as part of literature reviews. The aim of this theoretical study is to establish a series of standards for planning, preparing and writing Psychology review articles. With this aim, the study suggests a set of guidelines for the structuring and justification of content for these types of articles: organisation of the article, background understanding of the topic, literature review, style and understanding of argumentative structure, theoretical and practical relevance of conclusions, the critical and interdisciplinary perspectives of the article, recommendations for future research and what the article can bring to the future advancement of the discipline. The work concludes on the relevance of the study undertaken and accepts the importance of undertaking the necessary reviews from the interdisciplinary perspective of building psychological understanding.

  20. CISNET: NCI Bulletin Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    The NCI Cancer Bulletin is an award-winning biweekly online newsletter designed to provide useful, timely information about cancer research to the cancer community. The material is entirely in the public domain and can be repurposed or reproduced without permission. Citation of the source is appreciated.

  1. Emotional expressions beyond facial muscle actions. A call for studying autonomic signals and their impact on social perception

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kret, Mariska E.

    2015-01-01

    Humans are well adapted to quickly recognize and adequately respond to another’s emotions. Different theories propose that mimicry of emotional expressions (facial or otherwise) mechanistically underlies, or at least facilitates, these swift adaptive reactions. When people unconsciously mimic their interaction partner’s expressions of emotion, they come to feel reflections of those companions’ emotions, which in turn influence the observer’s own emotional and empathic behavior. The majority of research has focused on facial actions as expressions of emotion. However, the fact that emotions are not just expressed by facial muscles alone is often still ignored in emotion perception research. In this article, I therefore argue for a broader exploration of emotion signals from sources beyond the face muscles that are more automatic and difficult to control. Specifically, I will focus on the perception of implicit sources such as gaze and tears and autonomic responses such as pupil-dilation, eyeblinks and blushing that are subtle yet visible to observers and because they can hardly be controlled or regulated by the sender, provide important “veridical” information. Recently, more research is emerging about the mimicry of these subtle affective signals including pupil-mimicry. I will here review this literature and suggest avenues for future research that will eventually lead to a better comprehension of how these signals help in making social judgments and understand each other’s emotions. PMID:26074855

  2. Hedging in Popular Scientific Articles on Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csongor Alexandra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the process of rewriting medical research papers for the lay public. The latest findings of medical research often appear in the popular media. It is interesting to see what happens to a scientific text when it is transmitted to a new audience. Hedging is usually interpreted as a characteristic feature of scientific discourse. This study focuses on hedging, which also tends to be applied in popularized articles in the field of medicine.

  3. Thematic Categorization and Analysis of Peer Reviewed Articles in the LISA Database, 2004-2005. A Review of: Gonzalez-Alcaide, Gregorio, Lourdes Castello-Cogolles, Carolina Navarro-Molina, et al. “Library and Information Science Research Areas: Analysis of Journal Articles in LISA.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 59.1 (2008): 150-4.

    OpenAIRE

    Carol Perryman

    2009-01-01

    Objective – To provide an updated categorization of Library and Information Science (LIS) publications and to identify trends in LIS research.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – The Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) database via the CSA Illumina interface.Subjects – 11,273 item records published from 2004-2005 and indexed in LISA.Methods – First, a search was set up to retrieve all records from 2004-2005, limited to peer review items (called “arbitrated works” by the authors...

  4. Compound facial expressions of emotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Shichuan; Tao, Yong; Martinez, Aleix M

    2014-04-15

    Understanding the different categories of facial expressions of emotion regularly used by us is essential to gain insights into human cognition and affect as well as for the design of computational models and perceptual interfaces. Past research on facial expressions of emotion has focused on the study of six basic categories--happiness, surprise, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust. However, many more facial expressions of emotion exist and are used regularly by humans. This paper describes an important group of expressions, which we call compound emotion categories. Compound emotions are those that can be constructed by combining basic component categories to create new ones. For instance, happily surprised and angrily surprised are two distinct compound emotion categories. The present work defines 21 distinct emotion categories. Sample images of their facial expressions were collected from 230 human subjects. A Facial Action Coding System analysis shows the production of these 21 categories is different but consistent with the subordinate categories they represent (e.g., a happily surprised expression combines muscle movements observed in happiness and surprised). We show that these differences are sufficient to distinguish between the 21 defined categories. We then use a computational model of face perception to demonstrate that most of these categories are also visually discriminable from one another. PMID:24706770

  5. Writing a Research Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikk, Jaan

    2006-01-01

    The value of research and the career of a university lecturer depend heavily on the success in publishing scientific papers. This article reviews the guidelines for writing and submitting research papers. The three most important success criteria in publishing are as follows: the paper describes a good research, it is written according to the…

  6. "Mixed Methods" Research Examined

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viadero, Debra

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the use of "mixed methods" research in education--studies that blend different research strategies. Although various methodologies have always been part of a researcher's toolkit, much of the renewed attention to that strategy is a reaction to the U.S. Department of Education's current emphasis on using randomized field…

  7. Research reports 1996

    OpenAIRE

    Research Institute for Pig Husbandry

    1997-01-01

    At the Research Institute for Pig Husbandry, applied research has been carried out in order to find practical solutions for actual and future problems and to stimulate desirable developments in pig husbandry. The results of this research are published in reports and articles. This report gives a review of the published data in 1996

  8. Research Universities as Knowledge Networks: The Role of Institutional Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirikov, Igor

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on the elaboration of institutional research practice, which is an important element of any research university. The study addresses three questions. First, how did institutional research arise, and what is its raison d'etre in a research university? Second, how can institutional research contribute to the improvement of…

  9. Temporal expression normalisation in natural language texts

    OpenAIRE

    Filannino, Michele

    2012-01-01

    Automatic annotation of temporal expressions is a research challenge of great interest in the field of information extraction. In this report, I describe a novel rule-based architecture, built on top of a pre-existing system, which is able to normalise temporal expressions detected in English texts. Gold standard temporally-annotated resources are limited in size and this makes research difficult. The proposed system outperforms the state-of-the-art systems with respect to T...

  10. Teaching Qualitative Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delyser, Dydia

    2008-01-01

    Explicitly qualitative research has never before been so popular in human geography, and this article hopes to encourage more graduate students and faculty members to undertake the teaching of qualitative geography. The article describes one such course for graduate students, highlighting its challenges and rewards, and focusing on exercises…

  11. Research in Econophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Yakovenko, V M

    2003-01-01

    This article is written for the online newspaper "The Photon" published by the Department of Physics, University of Maryland. The article describes econophysics research done in the group of Victor Yakovenko. It briefly surveys the subjects "Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, and Wealth" and "Probability Distribution of Stock-Market Fluctuations."

  12. Gene Express Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saccomanno, Colette F

    2006-07-01

    Gene Express, Inc. is a technology-licensing company and provider of Standardized Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (StaRT-PCR) services. Designed by and for clinical researchers involved in pharmaceutical, biomarker and molecular diagnostic product development, StaRT-PCR is a unique quantitative and standardized multigene expression measurement platform. StaRT-PCR meets all of the performance characteristics defined by the US FDA as required to support regulatory submissions [101,102] , and by the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act of 1988 (CLIA) as necessary to support diagnostic testing [1] . A standardized mixture of internal standards (SMIS), manufactured in bulk, provides integrated quality control wherein each native template target gene is measured relative to a competitive template internal standard. Bulk production enables the compilation of a comprehensive standardized database from across multiple experiments, across collaborating laboratories and across the entire clinical development lifecycle of a given compound or diagnostic product. For the first time, all these data are able to be directly compared. Access to such a database can dramatically shorten the time from investigational new drug (IND) to new drug application (NDA), or save time and money by hastening a substantiated 'no-go' decision. High-throughput StaRT-PCR is conducted at the company's automated Standardized Expression Measurement (SEM) Center. Currently optimized for detection on a microcapillary electrophoretic platform, StaRT-PCR products also may be analyzed on microarray, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), or matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) platforms. SEM Center services deliver standardized genomic data--data that will accelerate the application of pharmacogenomic technology to new drug and diagnostic test development and facilitate personalized medicine. PMID:16886903

  13. Expression and Association Rights of School Employees in Electronic Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bathon, Justin M.

    2012-01-01

    Many of the recent legal decisions regarding public employee expression, particularly in electronic environments, run counter to the culture being facilitated by the Internet. This article uses a legal analysis to examine recent decisions and then considers those legal positions within the context of digital expression. (Contains 2 notes.)

  14. El Consejo Nacional de la Educación Superior y la Investigación Científica: expresión de la política educativa cardenista / National Council for Higher Education and Scientific Research: Expression of the educational policy of Lazaro Cardenas' government

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gabriela M. Luisa, Riquelme Alcántar.

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe el surgimiento, en 1935, del Consejo Nacional de la Educación Superior y la Investigación Científica (CNESIC) y su desarrollo en la política pública del gobierno de Lázaro Cárdenas del Río. Se afirma que la creación de este Consejo fue una respuesta a la problemática en [...] torno a la Universidad Autónoma de México (hoy UNAM) y el control de la enseñanza secundaria. El CNESIC constituyó la primera iniciativa del Estado posrevolucionario dirigida a formalizar la relación entre la educación y la ciencia. Sin embargo, como muchas otras acciones gubernamentales, este organismo quedó sujeto a las decisiones personales del presidente. El CNESIC fue reorganizado tres años después de su creación bajo fuertes conflictos y presiones políticas. Tras una serie de logros el organismo finalmente desapareció, pero, sentó un precedente en el avance de la reforma educativa en México. Abstract in english This article deals with the emergence, in the year 1935, of the National Council for Higher Education and Scientific Research (Consejo Nacional de la Educación Superior y la Investigación Científica, CNESIC) and with its development within the public policies of Lazaro Cardenas' government. Some his [...] torians tell that the creation of that Council was an answer to the problem caused by the National Autonomous University (today called National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM) and the control upon secondary education. The CNESIC in fact represent the first real initiative of the post-revolutionary government to formalize the relationships between education and science. However, as many other governmental actions this Council remained narrowly linked to the president's personal will. The CNESIC was reorganized three years after its creation under strong pressures and in a very difficult situation. After several achievements this governmental body finally disappeared, although it set a precedent in the process of the educational reform in Mexico.

  15. Gene expression profiling in rheumatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Pouw Kraan, Tineke C T M; van Baarsen, Lisa G M; Rustenburg, François; Baltus, Belinda; Fero, Mike; Verweij, Cornelis L

    2007-01-01

    In the last decade, the analysis of gene expression in tissues and cells has evolved from the analysis of a selected set of genes to an efficient high throughput whole-genome screening approach of potentially all genes expressed. Development of sophisticated methodologies such as microarray technology allows an open-ended survey to identify comprehensively the fraction of genes that are differentially expressed between samples and that define the samples' unique biology. By a global analysis of the genes that are expressed in cells and tissues of an individual under different conditions and during disease, we can build up "gene expression profiles (signatures)" which characterize the dynamic functioning of the genome under pathophysiological conditions. This strategy also provides the means to subdivide patients that suffer from a complex heterogeneous disease into more homogeneous subgroups. Such discovery-based research identifies biological processes that may include new genes with unknown function or genes not previously known to be involved in this process. The latter category may hold surprises that sometimes urge us to redirect our thinking. We have used microarrays to disclose the heterogeneity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients at the level of gene expression of the affected synovial tissues. Analysis of the expression profiles of synovial tissues from different patients with RA revealed considerable variability, resulting in the identification of at least two molecularly distinct forms of RA tissues. One is characterized by genes that indicate an active inflammatory infiltrate with high immunoglobulin production, whereas the other type shows little immune activation and instead shows a higher stromal cell activity. These results confirm the heterogeneous nature of RA and suggest the existence of distinct pathogenic mechanisms that contribute to RA. The differences in expression profiles provide opportunities to stratify patients for intervention therapies based on molecular criteria. PMID:17983157

  16. Cytokeratin Expression at Different Stages in Sweat Gland Development of C57BL/6J Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Jiangfan; Yao, Bin; Han, Yutong; Shang, Tao; Gao, Dongyun; Yang, Siming; Ma, Kui; Huang, Sha; Fu, Xiaobing

    2015-12-01

    Sweat glands exhibit a documented role in epidermal reepithelialization after wounding. However, the regenerative potential of sweat glands has remained underappreciated due to the absence of useful markers for the analysis of determination and differentiation processes in the developing eccrine sweat gland from epithelium. Although the current knowledge of keratin expression in most of the different origins has been described, it remains widely shared and not unified in eccrine sweat glands of C57BL/6J mice that are commonly used as animal models for sweat gland and wound healing studies, both at the molecular and cellular levels. Aiming to answer this question, we have investigated the changes in cytokeratin expression patterns during the embryonic, neonatal, juvenile, and young adult stages (E12.5, E17.5, P0.5, P5, and P28). In this article, we demonstrate that the morphology of murine sweat gland progenitor cells are similar to epidermal stem cells before birth (E12.5 and E17.5); at postnatal stages, the duct formed gradually and curled to glob. K8 and K19 were expressed in the eccrine sweat gland cells at all times and highly expressed after birth at both gene and protein levels. Also, histological results revealed K8 and K19 positive cells localized in the secretary portion of glands. Meanwhile, K14 strongly expressed both in vivo and in vitro at E12.5, while it weakly expressed at other stages. Moreover, K10 was rarely detected before birth, but it expressed positively in vivo and in vitro only at the protein level after birth. These data indicate the pattern of main cytokeratin expression at different stages during murine sweat gland development and might provide an efficient tool for sweat gland research and exciting potential for developing targeted therapies for wound healing. PMID:26680749

  17. Teaching Qualitative Research to Practitioner-Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Rebecca D.

    2012-01-01

    Practitioner-researchers are well-positioned to apply qualitative methods to the study of significant problems of educational practice. However, while learning the skills of qualitative inquiry, practitioners may be compelled by forces outside of qualitative research classrooms to think quantitatively. In this article, the author considers two…

  18. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / research and development of a reverse engineering system for local industrial articles (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / chiiki kogeihin muke reverse engineering system no kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper described the fiscal 1997 result of the research on the application of local industrial article use reverse engineering (RE, it had been regarded as imitation and reproduction technology, but has recently been as a part of the production information integration). With the actual local industrial article as standard, which has features in design and was added with local traditionality, such as glass having 3D free-form surface, 3D shape information modeling technology RE is developed, and a system for direct automatic metal mold processing is established, aiming at shortening of delivery date, cost reduction and higher grade. The target of the research is Okinawa prefecture. In fiscal 1997, study was made of the speeding-up of the non-contact 3D shape information inputting (multi-point simultaneous inputting by CCD of the laser reflected light of the actual model) and the data storage technology. Cast iron was selected as molding materials, judging from reactivity/machinability with heat resistant glass. Also studied was the blend of glass materials suitable for press forming. Further, studies were proceeded with of development of intellectual cutting tools into which sensor function is integrated and of virtual reality for facilitating/accelerating the design up to metal mold manufacturing. 39 refs., 88 figs., 21 tabs.

  19. Accommodating Translational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Howard

    2008-01-01

    This is an article in a series illustrating the way scholars in communication have pursued translating their research into practice. The translational nature of communication accommodation theory and examples of its application are the focus of this contribution.

  20. 3D facial expression recognition using maximum relevance minimum redundancy geometrical features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabiu, Habibu; Saripan, M. Iqbal; Mashohor, Syamsiah; Marhaban, Mohd Hamiruce

    2012-12-01

    In recent years, facial expression recognition (FER) has become an attractive research area, which besides the fundamental challenges, it poses, finds application in areas, such as human-computer interaction, clinical psychology, lie detection, pain assessment, and neurology. Generally the approaches to FER consist of three main steps: face detection, feature extraction and expression recognition. The recognition accuracy of FER hinges immensely on the relevance of the selected features in representing the target expressions. In this article, we present a person and gender independent 3D facial expression recognition method, using maximum relevance minimum redundancy geometrical features. The aim is to detect a compact set of features that sufficiently represents the most discriminative features between the target classes. Multi-class one-against-one SVM classifier was employed to recognize the seven facial expressions; neutral, happy, sad, angry, fear, disgust, and surprise. The average recognition accuracy of 92.2% was recorded. Furthermore, inter database homogeneity was investigated between two independent databases the BU-3DFE and UPM-3DFE the results showed a strong homogeneity between the two databases.

  1. Towards universal systems for recombinant gene expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sørensen Hans

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Recombinant gene expression is among the most important techniques used both in molecular and medical research and in industrial settings. Today, two recombinant expression systems are particularly well represented in the literature reporting on recombinant expression of specific genes. According to searches in the PubMed citation database, during the last 15 years 80% of all recombinant genes reported on in the literature were expressed in either the enterobacterium Escherichia coli or the methylotropic yeast Pichia pastoris. Nevertheless, some eukaryotic proteins are misfolded or inadequately posttranslationally modified in these expression systems. This situation demands identification of other recombinant expression systems that enable the proper expression of the remaining eukaryotic genes. As of now, a single universal system allowing expression of all target genes is still a distant goal. In this light, thorough experimental screening for systems that can yield satisfying quantity and quality of target protein is required. In recent years, a number of new expression systems have been described and used for protein production. Two systems, namely Drosophila melanogaster S2 insect cells and human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293 cells stably expressing the EBNA-1 gene, show exceptional promise. The time has come to identify a few well-performing systems that will allow us to express, purify, and characterize entire eukaryotic genomes.

  2. Gender and Emotion Expression: A Developmental Contextual Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Chaplin, Tara M.

    2015-01-01

    Small but significant gender differences in emotion expressions have been reported for adults, with women showing greater emotional expressivity, especially for positive emotions and internalizing negative emotions such as sadness. But when, developmentally, do these gender differences emerge? And what developmental and contextual factors influence their emergence? This article describes a developmental bio-psycho-social model of gender differences in emotion expression in childhood. Prior em...

  3. Socializing infants towards a cultural understanding of expressing negative affect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demuth, Carolin

    2013-01-01

    This article addresses the socialization of emotion expression in infancy. It argues that in order to adequately understand emotion development we need to consider the appraisal of emotion expression through caregivers in mundane, everyday interactions. Drawing on sociocultural and Bakhtinian theorizing, it claims that caregivers’ appraisals of infants’ emotion expression are dialogically intertwined with broader speech genres or “communicative genres” of a community and the emotional-volitional...

  4. Research Skills for the Future: Research Workforce Under the Spotlight

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Dobozy

    2013-01-01

    The value and training needs of the future research workforce is under the spotlight. In this article, I take up Ulrich and Dash's (2013) somewhat provocative invitation to engage in discussion and debate about current and future research. In my three-tiered response, I first discuss Ulrich and Dash's article, followed by my own observations about the APEC/Deloitte (2010) research report: "Skills and Competencies Needed in the Research Field: Objectives 2020," and finally, I explore, in some ...

  5. List of Article Contents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Section

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTENTS OF ARTICLES Premixed combustion of coconut oil in a hele-shaw cell DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.155-160 155-160 Hadi Saroso, I.N.G. Wardana, Rudy Soenoko, Nurkholis Hamidi   Analysing the potential of retrofitting ultra-low heat loss triple vacuum glazed windows to an existing UK solid wall dwelling DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.161-174 161-174 Saim Memon   Study of Gasohol as Alternative Fuel for Gasoline Substitution: Characteristics and Performances DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.175-183 175-183 Bardi Murachman, Dicky Pranantyo, Eddie Sandjaya Putra   Thermal effects investigation on electrical properties of silicon solar cells treated by laser irradiation DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.184-187 184-187 Ali Pourakbar Saffar, Bahman Deldadeh Barani   Synthesis of Trimethylolpropane Esters of Calophyllum Methyl Esters : Effect of Temperatur and Molar Ratio DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.188-192 188-192 Yeti Widyawati, Ani Suryani, Muhammad Romli, Sukardi Sukardi   Incorporating Root Crops under Agro-Forestry as the Newly Potential Source of Food, Feed and Renewable Energy DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.193-206 193-206 Yudi Widodo, St. A. Rahayuningsih, Nasir Saleh, Sri Wahyuningsih   Solmap: Project In India's Solar Resource Assessment DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.207-216 207-216 Indradip Mitra, Kaushal Chhatbar, Ashvini Kumar, Godugunur Giridhar, Ramdhan Vashistha, Richard Meyer, Marko Schwandt   Thermo-economic Optimization of Solar Assisted Heating and Cooling (SAHC System DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.217-227 217-227 A. Ghafoor, A. Munir   Combustion characteristics of diesel engine using producer gas and blends of Jatropha methyl ester with diesel in mixed fuel mode DOI: 10.14710/ijred.3.3.228-235 228-235 Hifjur Raheman, Debasish Padhee    

  6. Mechanisms of type III interferon expression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, Marie Beck; Paludan, SØren R

    2010-01-01

    Type III interferons (IFNs; IFN-lambda) are antiviral cytokines with type I IFN-like biological functions, including antiviral activity. In this article we review the literature on IFN-lambda expression and propose that important differences exist between the mechanisms governing expression of the different classes of IFNs. Importantly, while IFN-beta is induced by coordinated action of a multifactor enhanceosome, and IFN-alpha expression is activated by multiple IFN regulatory factor (IRF)-binding cis-promoter elements, the type III IFNs are induced through independent actions of IRFs and nuclear factor-kappaB. Although these differences may appear minor at first glance, we propose that IFN-lambda expression is more flexible than IFN-alpha/beta expression, which could allow expression of type III IFNs in response to a wider range of stimuli compared with type I IFNs. Moreover, such a mechanism of induction will potentially render expression of type III IFNs less sensitive to microbial evasion strategies targeting the IRF pathway. Thus, the mechanisms governing type III IFN expression play an important part in dictating the biology of this antiviral cytokine.

  7. Estrategias académicas de inserción científica: una propuesta metodológica para el estudio de las reivindicaciones epistémicas en los artículos de investigación / Stratégies Universitaires d'Insertion Scientifique: Une Proposition Méthodologique pour l'étude des Revendications épistémiques dans les Articles de Recherche / Academic Strategies for Scientific Insertion: A Methodological Proposal to Study Epistemic Claims Found in Research Articles / Estratégias acadêmicas de inserção científica: uma proposta metodológica para o estudio das reivindicações epistêmicas nos artígos de pesquisas

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Álvaro, Pina-Stranger; Omar, Sabaj Meruane; Paulina, Toro Tengrove; Ken, Matsuda Oteíza.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available As reivindicações epistêmicas são atos graças aos que os responsáveis encaminham socialmente o saber ora ativado. No mundo acadêmico, as reivindicações epistêmicas associam-se com conteúdos específicos que um autor desfralda após escrever um artigo de investigação. Se bem existem métodos diversos pa [...] ra analisar a construção coletiva do conhecimento, não existem propostas específicas que permitam uma descrição do modo como essas reivindicações são socialmente inseridas numa comunidade científica. é nesse âmbito que este artigo apresenta um método interdisciplinar para estudar a forma em que os autores de artigos científicos incluem, utilizando citações, as suas reivindicações epistêmicas na comunidade científica. Apresentaremos uma tipologia das reivindicações epistêmicas, onde diferenciamos em função do tipo de conteúdo que as mesmas promovem as reivindicações teóricas, metodológicas e performativas. Os resultados mostram que o tipo de reivindicação epistêmica associa-se à estratégia de citação. O método que oferecemos contribui ao estudo da construção coletiva do conhecimento, já que permite diferenciar as estratégias acadêmicas que os autores ativam e o tipo de conhecimento reivindicado. Abstract in spanish Las reivindicaciones epistémicas son actos a través de los cuales los actores sitúan socialmente el saber que movilizan. En el mundo académico, las reivindicaciones epistémicas se asocian a los contenidos específicos que un autor despliega al escribir un artículo de investigación. Si bien existen mé [...] todos diversos para analizar la construcción colectiva del conocimiento, no existen propuestas específicas que permitan describir el modo en que estas reivindicaciones se insertan socialmente en una comunidad científica. En este contexto, este artículo presenta un método interdisciplinario para estudiar la manera en que los autores de artículos científicos inscriben, a través del uso de las citaciones, sus reivindicaciones epistémicas en una comunidad científica. Proponemos una tipología de las reivindicaciones epistémicas en la que distinguimos, en función del tipo de contenido que éstas promueven, las reivindicaciones teóricas, metodológicas y performativas. Los resultados muestran que el tipo de reivindicación epistémica está asociado a la estrategia de citación. El método que proponemos contribuye al estudio de la construcción colectiva del conocimiento, pues permite diferenciar las estrategias académicas que los autores movilizan y el tipo de conocimiento reivindicado. Abstract in english Epistemic claims are actions in which the actors apply their knowledge socially. In the academic world, epistemic claims are associated with specific contents that an author makes when writing a research article. While there are diverse methods for analyzing the collective construction of knowledge, [...] there are no specific proposals to describe how these claims are socially inserted in the scientific community. In this context, the article presents an interdisciplinary method for studying how authors of scientific articles use their epistemic claims in order to insert themselves into a scientific community. We propose a typology of epistemic claims in which, based on the type of content they promote, we distinguish the theoretical and performance claims. The results show that the type of epistemic claim is associated with the citation strategy. The method that we propose contributes to the study of collective construction of knowledge, in that it makes it possible to differentiate the academic strategies used by authors and the type of knowledge claimed.

  8. A neuroscience agenda for counseling psychology research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Oscar F; Perrone-McGovern, Kristin M

    2014-10-01

    Recent advances in the field of neuroscience have dramatically changed our understanding of brain-behavior relationships. In this article, we illustrate how neuroscience can provide a conceptual and methodological framework to understand our clients within a transdiagnostic developmental perspective. We provide directions for integrating neuroscience into future process and outcome research. We present examples on how neuroscience can be integrated into researching the effects of contextual counseling interventions. We posit that interpersonal and environmental factors, such as neurotoxic factors (e.g., emotional neglect, stress), positive neurodevelopmental factors (e.g., nurturing and caring, environmental enrichment), and therapeutic interventions influence psychological processes (executive control, behavioral flexibility, reinforcement learning and approach motivation, emotional expression and regulation, self-representation and theory of mind). These psychological processes influence brain networks (attention, motivational, emotional regulation, social cognition), which influence cognitive, social, emotional, identity, and vocational development. PMID:25285708

  9. Errors and Allegations about Research on Homework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzano, Robert J.; Pickering, Debra J.

    2007-01-01

    This article provides a response to Kohn's article entitled "Abusing Research: The Study of Homework and Other Examples" that appeared in the September 2006 issue of the "Kappan." There Kohn asserted that many of those who conduct research on homework and report on that research misrepresent research findings. He specifically mentioned a set of…

  10. Fragmentation and Consolidation: Recent Articles on Vocabulary Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broady, Elspeth

    2008-01-01

    Vocabulary can no longer be said to be "a Cinderella topic", at least so far as its representation in other journals is concerned. Research articles on vocabulary learning and teaching now occur frequently and have been particularly well represented in recent issues of the North American research journal "Language Learning". While studies of…

  11. ?-tubulin is differentially expressed in mitotic and non-mitotic cardiomyocytes in the regenerating zebrafish heart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Sallin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This data article contains complementary figures related to the research article entitled, “ A dual epimorphic and compensatory mode of heart regeneration” ([10], http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.12.002, which presents a spatial and temporal characterization of cardiomyocyte proliferation and dedifferentiation after cryoinjury-induced myocardial infarction. This study demonstrated that mitotic divisions occur in cardiac cells at distinct differentiation status, namely in dedifferentiated cells at the injury border as well as in mature cardiac cells within the remaining intact myocardium. One of the important aspects supporting our conclusions is a characterization of proteins that are upregulated during mitosis in the regenerating hearts. The data presented here reveal a dynamic change in the expression level and in the subcellular distribution of ?-tubulin between mitotic and non-mitotic cardiac cells. We report that in the non-mitotic cells, ?-tubulin expression is restricted to the centrosome. By contrast, during the mitosis, ?-tubulin strongly expands its localization within the spindle apparatus that interacts with the condensed chromosomes. We demonstrated that the differential distribution of ?-tubulin in non-mitotic and mitotic cells requires adjusted image processing for the appropriate visualization of both expression patterns in the same histological specimens.

  12. Use of Qualitative Methods in Published Health Services and Management Research: A 10-Year Review

    OpenAIRE

    Weiner, Bryan J; Amick, Halle R.; Lund, Jennifer L.; Lee, Shoou-Yih Daniel; Hoff, Timothy J.

    2010-01-01

    Over the past 10 years, the field of health services and management research has seen renewed interest in the use of qualitative research methods. This article examines the volume and characteristics of qualitative research articles published in nine major health services and management journals between 1998 and 2008. Qualitative research articles comprise 9% of research articles published in these journals. Although the publication rate of qualitative research articles has not kept pace with...

  13. Transfer Effects in the Interpretation of Definite Articles by Spanish Heritage Speakers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montrul, Silvina; Ionin, Tania

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the role of transfer from the stronger language by focusing on the interpretation of definite articles in Spanish and English by Spanish heritage speakers (i.e., minority language-speaking bilinguals) residing in the U.S., where English is the majority language. Spanish plural NPs with definite articles can express generic…

  14. The SSETI-express Mission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alminde, Lars; Bisgaard, Morten; Melville, N.; Schaefer, J.

    2005-01-01

    In January 2004 a group of students met at the European Space Technology and Research Centre (ESTEC) in Holland to discuss the feasibility of building a micro-satellite, dubbed SSETI-Express, from parts derived from other student satellite projects and launch it within one and a half year. The project is an initiative under the ESA Education Department and the Student Space Exploration and Technology Initiative (SSETI)[3], an European student organisation. The satellite is currently scheduled fo...

  15. The SSETI-Express Mission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alminde, Lars; Bisgaard, Morten; Melville, Neil; Schaefer, Jõrg

    2005-01-01

    In January 2004 a group of students met at the European Space Technology and Research Centre (ESTEC) in Holland to discuss the feasibility of building a micro-satellite, dubbed SSETI-Express, from parts derived from other student satellite projects and launch it within one and a half year. The project is an initiative under the ESA Education Department and the Student Space Exploration and Technology Initiative (SSETI)[3], an European student organisation. The satellite is currently scheduled fo...

  16. Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferl, Robert; Paul, Anna-Lisa

    2009-01-01

    The Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES) investigation is one in a pair of investigations that use the Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) facility. TAGES uses Arabidopsis thaliana, thale cress, with sensor promoter-reporter gene constructs that render the plants as biomonitors (an organism used to determine the quality of the surrounding environment) of their environment using real-time nondestructive Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) imagery and traditional postflight analyses.

  17. Researcher Identity in Transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castelló, Montserrat; Kobayashi, Sofie; McGinn, Michelle K.; Pechar, Hans; Vekkaila, Jenna; Wisker, Gina

    2015-01-01

    Within the current higher education context, early career researchers (ECRs) face a ‘risk-career’ in which predictable, stable academic careers have become increasingly rare. Traditional milestones to signal progress toward a sustainable research career are disappearing or subject to reinterpretation, and ECRs need to attend to new or reimagined signals in their efforts to develop a researcher identity in this current context. In this article, we present a comprehensive framework for researcher ...

  18. Action research: Scandinavian Experiences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lauge Baungaard

    2004-01-01

    The article focus on paradigms, methods and ethics of action research in the Scandinavian countries. The special features of the action research paradigm is identified. A historical overview follows of some main action research projects in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. The tendency towards upsclae action research projects from organisational or small community projects yo large-scale, regional based network apporaches are also outlined and discussed. Finally, a synthesised approach of the classica...

  19. 42 CFR 35.35 - Unsalable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Unsalable articles. 35.35 Section 35.35 Public...AND STATION MANAGEMENT Disposition of Articles Produced by Patients § 35.35 Unsalable articles. Articles having no commercial...

  20. Express web application development

    CERN Document Server

    Yaapa, Hage

    2013-01-01

    Express Web Application Development is a practical introduction to learning about Express. Each chapter introduces you to a different area of Express, using screenshots and examples to get you up and running as quickly as possible.If you are looking to use Express to build your next web application, ""Express Web Application Development"" will help you get started and take you right through to Express' advanced features. You will need to have an intermediate knowledge of JavaScript to get the most out of this book.

  1. Access, entry and researcher-participant position

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Louw, Arnt Vestergaard

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on methodological experiences obtained in an anthropologically inspired qualitative study among students of carpentry in Denmark. On the one hand the article deals with methodological issues of doing anthropological research among students of carpentry, while on the other it deals with the research findings that such a research design produced. As well as the methodological issues of researcher access, entry and participant position in the field, this article reports on the ...

  2. The State of Corporate Governance Research

    OpenAIRE

    Bebchuk, Lucian Arye; Weisbach, Michael S.

    2010-01-01

    This article, which introduces the special issue on corporate governance cosponsored by the Review of Financial Studies and the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), reviews and comments on the state of corporate governance research. The special issue features seven articles on corporate governance that were presented in a meeting of the NBER’s corporate governance project. Each of the articles represents state-of-the-art research in an important area of corporate governance research. ...

  3. “It Ain’t Shit About the Music!” : Discussions on Freedom of Expression in Relation to Rap Music in Social Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsager, Kristine

    2015-01-01

    Based on field research among participants and employees at a series of rap projects, this article examines the use of rap music in social integration work among ethnic mi- nority youth from the perspective of anthropology of music. By highlighting the spe- cific discursive formations around the expediency of the production of rap music as a non-formal educational resource, the article focuses on the personal, political and social aspects of freedom of speech and the ways in which these are negotiated by re- pressive tolerance within the projects. On this background, it is discussed how the so- cio-economic aims of the rap-as-resource industry affect the participants’ expressions, and it is questioned whether the musical and personal agencies that are ideally offered by the projects are consistent with the actual freedom of action and expression that becomes available to the participants.

  4. Musical Expression: An Observational Study of Instrumental Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Jessika; Juslin, Patrik N.

    2008-01-01

    Research has shown that both music students and teachers think that expression is important. Yet, we know little about how expression is taught to students. Such knowledge is needed in order to enhance teaching of expression. The aim of this study was thus to explore the nature of instrumental music teaching in its natural context, with a focus on…

  5. Mixed Methods Research: A Research Paradigm Whose Time Has Come

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, R. Burke; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

    2004-01-01

    The purposes of this article are to position mixed methods research ("mixed research" is a synonym) as the natural complement to traditional qualitative and quantitative research, to present pragmatism as offering an attractive philosophical partner for mixed methods research, and to provide a framework for designing and conducting mixed methods…

  6. Research Progress of Biomakers Proteomics-based in Lung Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui XIE

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Proteomic technologies can be applied to cancer research to detect differential protein expression that could find cancer biomakers. Lung cancer biomarker discovery is significant due to its anticipated critical role in early diagnosis, therapy guidance, and prognosis monitoring of lung cancer. Therefore, there is an indeed need to identify new biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis that could serve to open novel therapeutic means. This article briefly introduces the latest reports in proteomic studies of lung cancer. It contains diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive biomarkers, and a summary based on the most recent literature and our own work.

  7. The motivation to express prejudice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forscher, Patrick S; Cox, William T L; Graetz, Nicholas; Devine, Patricia G

    2015-11-01

    Contemporary prejudice research focuses primarily on people who are motivated to respond without prejudice and the ways in which unintentional bias can cause these people to act in a manner inconsistent with this motivation. However, some real-world phenomena (e.g., hate speech, hate crimes) and experimental findings (e.g., Plant & Devine, 2001, 2009) suggest that some prejudice is intentional. These phenomena and findings are difficult to explain solely from the motivations to respond without prejudice. We argue that some people are motivated to express prejudice, and we develop the Motivation to Express Prejudice Scale (MP) to measure this motivation. In 7 studies involving more than 6,000 participants, we demonstrate that, across scale versions targeted at Black people and gay men, the MP has good reliability and convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity. In normative climates that prohibit prejudice, the internal and external motivations to express prejudice are functionally nonindependent, but they become more independent when normative climates permit more prejudice toward a target group. People high in the motivation to express prejudice are relatively likely to resist pressure to support programs promoting intergroup contact and to vote for political candidates who support oppressive policies. The motivation to express prejudice predicted these outcomes even when controlling for attitudes and the motivations to respond without prejudice. This work encourages contemporary prejudice researchers to give greater consideration to the intentional aspects of negative intergroup behavior and to broaden the range of phenomena, target groups, and samples that they study. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26479365

  8. After Effects expressions

    CERN Document Server

    Geduld, Marcus

    2013-01-01

    Put the power of Expressions to work in your animations with controls and efficiencies impossible to achieve with traditional keyframing techniques. No programming skills are required. Foundation concepts and skills orient the new designer and serve as a handy reference to the experienced one. Basics of creating expressions, variables, commands, and expression helpers precede the leap into javascript and math essentials for more advanced expressions that include randomness, physical simularions and 3D. Full color illustrations display the scripts and the resulti

  9. On the Alleged Right to Participate in High-Risk Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ró?y?ska, Joanna

    2015-09-01

    Reigning regulatory frameworks for biomedical research impose on researchers and research ethics committees an obligation to protect research participants from risks that are unnecessary, disproportionate to potential research benefits, and non-minimized. Where the research has no potential to produce results of direct benefit to the subjects and the subjects are unable to give consent, these requirements are strengthened by an additional condition, that risks should not exceed a certain minimal threshold. In this article, I address the question of whether there should be limits of permissible risks in non-therapeutic research involving competent and healthy subjects. Some commentators argue that competent and informed individuals should have a right to participate even in extremely risky research and that research ethics committees should never reject studies because they are too dangerous. To use David Shaw's expression, competent volunteers should have 'a right to participate in high-risk research'. I argue that this idea is ill-founded, as it does not take into account the social mission and complex collaborative nature of research practice as well as the inequity of power between researchers and subjects. Imposition of limits on permissible risks for healthy volunteers is justified by the need to protect research enterprise and the need to protect the weaker party, namely the subjects. Also, I suggest that the best way to set boundaries on research risks is to leave the judgment of risk acceptability to research ethics committees. PMID:25644532

  10. Response Essay: Special Education Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Paid

    2000-01-01

    This commentary reflects on findings from previous articles that reviewed trends in special education research in the United States, Norway, Botswana, Ecuador, Australia, and Turkey. It discusses the function, funding, and subject matter of special education research, on research on the education of special education teachers, and on research

  11. Children's Participation Rights in Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Mary Ann; Smith, Anne B.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores children's participation in research, from the perspectives of researchers who have conducted research with children. Researchers' reports, gained using an email interviewing method, suggest that children's participation rights are particularly compromised when the potential child participants are considered vulnerable and…

  12. Predicting Future Citation Count Using Bibliographic and Author Information of Articles

    OpenAIRE

    Takashi; Katsutoshi; Hayato

    2014-01-01

    Electronic journal continues to spread rapidly among academic researchers. Citation count shown of an article in academic journals plays an important role in academia. It helps academic researchers in choosing suitable and reliable references for their research. It is unfortunate that recently published papers tend to be unapparent, since it has less citation count than other former works. This research proposes a new way to predict future citation count of an article using regression analysi...

  13. Doing Mixed Methods Research Pragmatically: Implications for the Rediscovery of Pragmatism as a Research Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feilzer, Martina Yvonne

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the practical relevance of pragmatism as a research paradigm through the example of a piece of pragmatic research that not only used both quantitative and qualitative research methods but also exploited the inherent duality of the data analyzed. Thus, the article aims to make the case that pragmatism as a research paradigm…

  14. African Primary Care Research: Writing a research report

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Couper; Bob Mash

    2014-01-01

    Presenting a research report is an important way of demonstrating one’s ability to conduct research and is a requirement of most research-based degrees. Although known by various names across academic institutions, the structure required is mostly very similar, being based on the Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion format of scientific articles. This article offers some guidance on the process of writing, aimed at helping readers to start and to continue their writing; and to assis...

  15. Research Upregulation of CD23 (Fc?RII Expression in Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cells (huASMC in Response to IL-4, GM-CSF, and IL-4/GM-CSF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lew D Betty

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Airway smooth muscle cells play a key role in remodeling that contributes to airway hyperreactivity. Airway smooth muscle remodeling includes hypertrophy and hyperplasia. It has been previously shown that the expression of CD23 on ASMC in rabbits can be induced by the IgE component of the atopic serum. We examined if other components of atopic serum are capable of inducing CD23 expression independent of IgE. Methods Serum starved huASMC were stimulated with either IL-4, GM-CSF, IL-13, IL-5, PGD2, LTD4, tryptase or a combination of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 each with GM-CSF for a period of 24 h. CD23 expression was analyzed by flow cytometry, western blot, and indirect immunofluorescence. Results The CD23 protein expression was upregulated in huASMC in response to IL-4, GM-CSF, and IL-4/GM-CSF. The percentage of cells with increased fluorescence intensity above the control was 25.1 ± 4.2% (IL-4, 15.6 ± 2.7% (GM-CSF and 32.9 ± 13.9% (IL-4/GMCSF combination(n = 3. The protein content of IL-4/GMCSF stimulated cells was significantly elevated. Expression of CD23 in response to IL-4, GM-CSF, IL-4/GM-CSF was accompanied by changes in cell morphology including depolymerization of isoactin fibers, cell spreading, and membrane ruffling. Western blot revealed abundant expression of the IL-4R? and a low level expression of IL-2R?c in huASMC. Stimulation with IL-4 resulted in the phosphorylation of STAT-6 and an increase in the expression of the IL-2R?c. Conclusion CD23 on huASMC is upregulated by IL-4, GM-CSF, and IL-4/GM-CSF. The expression of CD23 is accompanied by an increase in cell volume and an increase in protein content per cell, suggesting hypertrophy. Upregulation of CD23 by IL-4/GM-CSF results in phenotypic changes in huASMC that could play a role in cell migration or a change in the synthetic function of the cells. Upregulation of CD23 in huASMC by IL-4 and GM-CSF can contribute to changes in huASMC and may provide an avenue for new therapeutic options in asthma targeting ASMC.

  16. Regulation of keratin expression by retinoids

    OpenAIRE

    Törmä, Hans

    2011-01-01

    Vitamin A and its natural and synthetic metabolites (retinoids) affect growth and differentiation of human skin and among the genes affected by retinoids in epidermis are keratin genes. Keratins are intermediate filament proteins that have essential functions in maintaining the structural integrity of epidermis and its appendages. Their expressions are under strict control to produce keratins that are optimally adapted to their environment. In this article, retinoid regulation of keratin expr...

  17. Expressed Emotion in Schizophrenia: An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Amaresha, Anekal C; Venkatasubramanian, Ganesan

    2012-01-01

    The expressed emotion (EE) is considered to be an adverse family environment, which includes the quality of interaction patterns and nature of family relationships among the family caregivers and patients of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. Influence of EE has been found to be one of the robust predictors of relapse in schizophrenia. This review article aims to provide a brief description of the origins and evolution of the EE as a construct from the available literature. The EE...

  18. Protein Expression-Yeast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus Hvid

    2014-01-01

    Yeast is an excellent system for the expression of recombinant eukaryotic proteins. Both endogenous and heterologous proteins can be overexpressed in yeast (Phan et al., 2001; Ton and Rao, 2004). Because yeast is easy to manipulate genetically, a strain can be optimized for the expression of a specific protein. Many eukaryotic proteins contain posttranslational modifications that can be performed in yeast but not in bacterial expression systems. In comparison with mammalian cell culture expression systems, growing yeast is both faster and less expensive, and large-scale cultures can be performed using fermentation. While several different yeast expression systems exist, this chapter focuses on the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and will briefly describe some options to consider when selecting vectors and tags to be used for protein expression. Throughout this chapter, the expression and purification of yeast elF3 is shown as an example alongside a general scheme outline.

  19. [Ethics in articles published in medical journals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Humberto; Palma, Joaquín; Andresen, Max

    2007-04-01

    Authors of clinical articles have similar motivations and rules than authors in other scientific fields. In addition, medical research must obey specific ethical rules that apply to studies involving human subjects, including biological samples, tissues, cellular or sub cellular samples obtained from them. When submitting their reports for publication, authors must declare that they have followed such ethical rules and also should declare any possible conflict of interest that may have arisen. External peer reviewers and the editors should also conform to limitations by eventual conflicts of interest. Authors should respect specific ethical norms that apply to the process of submitting, publishing and reproducing their manuscripts. In recent years, the editors of Revista Médica de Chile have become aware of five instances of misconduct committed by authors of articles submitted or already published. Four correspond to redundant publications and one exhibits overt plagiarism in the text and syntax. Appropriate actions have been taken following recommendations published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, the World Association of Medical Editors and other groups. The present article stresses that authors and their sponsoring institutions must be aware of the importance of following ethical rules when reporting scientific work. PMID:17554464

  20. Indigenous Research on Chinese Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Peter Ping; Leung, Kwok; Chen, Chao C.; Luo, Jar-Der

    2012-01-01

    We attempt to provide a definition and a typology of indigenous research on Chinese management as well as outline the general methodological approaches for this type of research. We also present an integrative summary of the four articles included in this special issue and show how they illustrate our definition and typology of indigenous research on Chinese management, as well as the various methodological approaches we advocate. Further, we introduce a commentary on the four articles from the ...

  1. Educational Technology Research Journals: "Journal of Research on Technology in Education," 2001-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billings, Christopher; Nielsen, P. Lynne; Snyder, Aaron; Sorensen, Alec; West, Richard E.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the "Journal of Research on Technology in Education (JRTE)" to discover trends from 2001-2010 in the topics covered in the articles, article types (including research methods used), authorship, and citation frequency. Articles from the journal dealt mostly with PK-12 settings and focused on technology…

  2. Researcher Creations? The Positioning of Policy Texts in Higher Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashwin, Paul; Smith, Karen

    2015-01-01

    In this article we explore the way in which policy texts are positioned in a selection of higher education journal articles. Previous research has suggested that policy implementation studies have taken an uncritical approach to researching policies. Based on an analysis of articles published in higher education and policy journals in 2011, we…

  3. Beyond differential expression: the quest for causal mutations and effector molecules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudson Nicholas J

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract High throughput gene expression technologies are a popular choice for researchers seeking molecular or systems-level explanations of biological phenomena. Nevertheless, there has been a groundswell of opinion that these approaches have not lived up to the hype because the interpretation of the data has lagged behind its generation. In our view a major problem has been an over-reliance on isolated lists of differentially expressed (DE genes which – by simply comparing genes to themselves – have the pitfall of taking molecular information out of context. Numerous scientists have emphasised the need for better context. This can be achieved through holistic measurements of differential connectivity in addition to, or in replacement, of DE. However, many scientists continue to use isolated lists of DE genes as the major source of input data for common readily available analytical tools. Focussing this opinion article on our own research in skeletal muscle, we outline our resolutions to these problems – particularly a universally powerful way of quantifying differential connectivity. With a well designed experiment, it is now possible to use gene expression to identify causal mutations and the other major effector molecules with whom they cooperate, irrespective of whether they themselves are DE. We explain why, for various reasons, no other currently available experimental techniques or quantitative analyses are capable of reaching these conclusions.

  4. Wavelet based approach for facial expression recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenal Abidin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Facial expression recognition is one of the most active fields of research. Many facial expression recognition methods have been developed and implemented. Neural networks (NNs have capability to undertake such pattern recognition tasks. The key factor of the use of NN is based on its characteristics. It is capable in conducting learning and generalizing, non-linear mapping, and parallel computation. Backpropagation neural networks (BPNNs are the approach methods that mostly used. In this study, BPNNs were used as classifier to categorize facial expression images into seven-class of expressions which are anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, neutral and surprise. For the purpose of feature extraction tasks, three discrete wavelet transforms were used to decompose images, namely Haar wavelet, Daubechies (4 wavelet and Coiflet (1 wavelet. To analyze the proposed method, a facial expression recognition system was built. The proposed method was tested on static images from JAFFE database.

  5. Proteomic and gene expression patterns of keratoconus

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh, Arkasubhra; Zhou, Lei; Ghosh, Anuprita; Shetty, Rohit; Beuerman, Roger

    2013-01-01

    Keratoconus is a progressive corneal thinning disease associated with significant tissue remodeling activities and activation of a variety of signaling networks. However, it is not understood how differential gene and protein expression direct function in keratoconus corneas to drive the underlying pathology, ectasia. Research in the field has focused on discovering differentially expressed genes and proteins and quantifying their levels and activities in keratoconus patient samples. In this ...

  6. Mars Express wins unanimous support

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    "The green light for Mars Express shows that Europe is perfectly capable of seizing special chances in exploring space," said Roger Bonnet, ESA's director of science. "At a cost to ESA of 150 million ECU, Mars Express is the cheapest Mars mission ever, yet its importance and originality are far greater than the price tag suggests." Bonnet continued: "Mars Express has been advertised by the Science Programme Committee as a test case for new approaches in procuring and managing future science projects, with a view to achieving major savings. In the international arena, Mars Express will confirm Europe's interest in a major target for space research in the new century, when we make our forceful debut at the Red Planet. In fact, Mars Express is designed to be a pivotal element of an international multi-mission, global effort for the exploration of Mars." Development of the spacecraft will now proceed swiftly, to meet the deadline of an exceptionally favourable launch window early in June 2003. Mars Express will go into orbit around Mars at Christmas 2003. Seven scientific instruments on board will include a high-resolution camera, a range of spectrometers, and a radar to penetrate below the surface. For the first time in the history of the exploration of the Red Planet, scientists can hope to detect sub-surface water, whether it exists in the form of undergound rivers, pools, glaciers or permafrost. Signs of life on Mars, whether extinct or continuing today, may reveal themselves to a lander carried by Mars Express. This is Beagle 2, a project led by the Open University in the United Kingdom, with contributions from many other European countries. The lander also promises invaluable information about the chemistry of the Martian surface and atmosphere. Beagle 2 is to be independently funded. Some of the necessary funds have already been raised and ESA has agreed with the principal investigator to keep a place for Beagle 2 aboard Mars Express. The financial situation will be verified at a date to be agreed with the mission's prime contractor.

  7. In plants, expression breadth and expression level distinctly and non-linearly correlate with gene structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Hangxing

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Compactness of highly/broadly expressed genes in human has been explained as selection for efficiency, regional mutation biases or genomic design. However, highly expressed genes in flowering plants were shown to be less compact than lowly expressed ones. On the other hand, opposite facts have also been documented that pollen-expressed Arabidopsis genes tend to contain shorter introns and highly expressed moss genes are compact. This issue is important because it provides a chance to compare the selectionism and the neutralism views about genome evolution. Furthermore, this issue also helps to understand the fates of introns, from the angle of gene expression. Results In this study, I used expression data covering more tissues and employ new analytical methods to reexamine the correlations between gene expression and gene structure for two flowering plants, Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa. It is shown that, different aspects of expression pattern correlate with different parts of gene sequences in distinct ways. In detail, expression level is significantly negatively correlated with gene size, especially the size of non-coding regions, whereas expression breadth correlates with non-coding structural parameters positively and with coding region parameters negatively. Furthermore, the relationships between expression level and structural parameters seem to be non-linear, with the extremes of structural parameters possibly scale as power-laws or logrithmic functions of expression levels. Conclusion In plants, highly expressed genes are compact, especially in the non-coding regions. Broadly expressed genes tend to contain longer non-coding sequences, which may be necessary for complex regulations. In combination with previous studies about other plants and about animals, some common scenarios about the correlation between gene expression and gene structure begin to emerge. Based on the functional relationships between extreme values of structural characteristics and expression level, an effort was made to evaluate the relative effectiveness of the energy-cost hypothesis and the time-cost hypothesis. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Dr. I. King Jordan, Dr. Liran Carmel (nominated by Dr. Eugene V. Koonin and Dr. Fyodor A. Kondrashov.

  8. Yes! I Am a Researcher. The Research Story of a Young Adult with Down Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Emma L.; Morgan, Michelle F.

    2012-01-01

    My name is Emma I am 28 years old and I have Down syndrome. This is an article about my story about becoming a researcher. This article has lots of photographs of me doing research. It has information about the things I did with research. It has examples of some of my research work. This article lets me share my story with other people. This…

  9. Discipline and Methodology in Higher Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tight, Malcolm

    2013-01-01

    Higher education research is a multidisciplinary field, engaging researchers from across the academy who make use of a wide range of methodological approaches. This article examines the relation between discipline and methodology in higher education research, analysing a database of 567 articles published in 15 leading higher education journals…

  10. Mathematics Education Research in Finland Yearbook 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupari, Pekka, Ed.

    For the purpose of promoting international cooperation in mathematics, physics, and chemistry teaching research, this first yearbook of the Finnish Association of Mathematics and Science Education Research contains articles of recent research on mathematics teaching. The contents consist of five articles in English, two in German, and one thesis…

  11. From Research Assistant to Professional Research Assistance: Research Consulting as a Form of Research Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dawn E. Pollon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Research assistantships have long been viewed as an extension of the formal education process, a form of apprenticeship, and a pathway into the professional practice of research in institutional settings. However, there are other contexts in which researchers practice research. This self-study documents the formative role research assistantships played in the authors’ development as professional research consultants. Four professional research consultants who held research assistant positions during their master’s and doctoral studies describe the contributions of their research assistantship experiences to the advancement of their knowledge, skills, and passion for research and subsequently to their career decisions. Professional research consulting is identified as a natural extension of research assistant roles and a potential career path. The article enhances current understandings about the ways research assistantships contribute to the development of researchers, and specifically to the development of professional research consultants. The analysis will be of interest to students contemplating entering into research assistantships, current research assistants, current research assistant supervisors, academic staff looking to improve their research productivity, and department chairs.

  12. Educational Technology Research Journals: Computers & Education, 2002-2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rackham, David D.; Hyatt, Frederick R.; Macfarlane, David C.; Nisse, Tony; Woodfield, Wendy; West, Richard E.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the journal "Computers & Education" to discover research trends in the articles published during 2002-2011. Research articles were analyzed to determine trends in the research methods and types of articles published, as well as the key topics published, top authors, and some of the most-cited…

  13. Mendeley: Creating Communities of Scholarly Inquiry through Research Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaugg, Holt; West, Richard E.; Tateishi, Isaku; Randall, Daniel L.

    2010-01-01

    Mendeley is a free, web-based tool for organizing research citations and annotating their accompanying PDF articles. Adapting Web 2.0 principles for academic scholarship, Mendeley integrates the management of the research articles with features for collaborating with researchers locally and worldwide. In this article the features of Mendeley are…

  14. Elevated expression of protein biosynthesis genes in liver and muscle of hibernating black bears (Ursus americanus) Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: V. B. Fedorov, Inst. of Arctic Biology, Univ. of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 (e-mail: fnvf@uaf.edu). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

    OpenAIRE

    Fedorov, Vadim B.; Goropashnaya, Anna V; Tøien, Øivind; Stewart, Nathan C.; Gracey, Andrew Y; Chang, Celia; Qin, Shizhen; Pertea, Geo; Quackenbush, John; Showe, Louise C.; Showe, Michael K.; Bert B. Boyer; Barnes, Brian M

    2009-01-01

    We conducted a large-scale gene expression screen using the 3,200 cDNA probe microarray developed specifically for Ursus americanus to detect expression differences in liver and skeletal muscle that occur during winter hibernation compared with animals sampled during summer. The expression of 12 genes, including RNA binding protein motif 3 (Rbm3), that are mostly involved in protein biosynthesis, was induced during hibernation in both liver and muscle. The Gene Ontology and Gene Set Enrichmen...

  15. Initial research of screening for the differentially expressed proteins in beagles irradiated with 4.5 Gy 60Co ?-rays by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the mechanisms of cytokines on acute radiation disease in irradiation beagles. Methods: The sera of beagles irradiated with 4.5 Gy ?-rays with cytokines treatment was collected at different time points post irradiation. The two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) was differentially expressed proteins with significance, and the amino acid sequences should be determined. Results: High resolution 2-DE gel map was obtained. There were six differentially expressed proteins in sera of irradiated beagles at different time points. Four protein spots were successfully identified by MS. A significant spot was identified as serum amyloid A (SAA) by HD-MS, with relative molecular mass of 13 077 and isoelectric point of 6.26. Expression of SAA was not found 1 d pre-irradiation and 36 d post-irradiation, but increased slightly 1 d (0.2166) and significantly 14 d post-irradiation (0.4577). Conclusions: The expression of serum amyloid A was consistent with the process of acute radiation injury, which might indicate the turnover of the disease. (authors)

  16. Transfer Paths of Research Results to the Practice: Observations From the Receiving End

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findikakis, A. N.

    2005-12-01

    A non-scientific poll of fellow practicing professionals suggests that there is a range of opinions regarding the effectiveness of different ways of becoming acquainted with and using the results of academic research in their practice. Journal articles remain the dominant path for transferring research results to the profession, even though accessing them is becoming more difficult with time. Driven primarily by cost considerations personal and corporate subscriptions seem to be on the decline. Libraries are one of the first victims of cost cutting measures in the industry. Even though the availability of journal articles in electronic form facilitates their availability, their prices are prohibitive. This is especially true during when a professional is searching for a solution to a problem and may have to review several papers on the subject. One colleague suggested that the professional organizations and other publishers of research articles could learn from the experience of the music industry, by lowering the cost of downloading individual papers to something like a dollar per article, recovering thus their production costs through the increase in the volume of purchased articles. The posting on the internet of special reports and dissertations by research institutions is viewed as very useful by those working in practice. The distribution through the internet of reports by federal organizations conducting or sponsoring research, such as the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is greatly appreciated by the practicing professionals. The use of leading researchers as consultants provides a direct path for bringing research results to the practice, but it is limited to a small number of cases where bringing in a consultant can be justified. Short courses are viewed as an effective way of familiarizing professionals with the latest research findings on specific subjects. The notes distributed in such courses are considered especially useful. Conferences and special symposia offer the opportunity to practicing professionals to find out what is the latest in different subject areas, but many view such meetings as having either a practical or a research character, and expressed the desire for more meetings that would bring together the practitioners and the researchers. Commercialization is another path for bringing research results to the practice, but is limited to areas where the size of the market for the commercial application of research findings makes it economically viable. The extent of the adoption of research findings in the practice varies across subjects. The results of research in subjects driven by pressing practical needs, such as remediation of contaminated groundwater or hydraulic testing have been passed quickly to the practice. Using the results of research in subjects such as fracture flow and stochastic hydrogeology seems more elusive.

  17. On the quest for selective constraints shaping the expressivity of the genes casting retropseudogenes in human

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Podder Soumita

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pseudogenes, the nonfunctional homologues of functional genes are now coming to light as important resources regarding the study of human protein evolution. Processed pseudogenes arising by reverse transcription and reinsertion can provide molecular record on the dynamics and evolution of genomes. Researches on the progenitors of human processed pseudogenes delved out their highly expressed and evolutionarily conserved characters. They are reported to be short and GC-poor indicating their high efficiency for retrotransposition. In this article we focused on their high expressivity and explored the factors contributing for that and their relevance in the milieu of protein sequence evolution. Results We here, analyzed the high expressivity of these genes configuring processed or retropseudogenes by their immense connectivity in protein-protein interaction network, an inclination towards alternative splicing mechanism, a lower rate of mRNA disintegration and a slower evolutionary rate. While the unusual trend of the upraised disorder in contrast with the high expressivity of the proteins encoded by processed pseudogene ancestors is accredited by a predominance of hub-protein encoding genes, a high propensity of repeat sequence containing genes, elevated protein stability and the functional constraint to perform the transcription regulatory jobs. Linear regression analysis demonstrates mRNA decay rate and protein intrinsic disorder as the influential factors controlling the expressivity of these retropseudogene ancestors while the latter one is found to have the most significant regulatory power. Conclusions Our findings imply that, the affluence of disordered regions elevating the network attachment to be involved in important cellular assignments and the stability in transcriptional level are acting as the prevailing forces behind the high expressivity of the human genes configuring processed pseudogenes.

  18. The mind in the object-Psychological valuation of materialized human expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreuzbauer, Robert; King, Dan; Basu, Shankha

    2015-08-01

    [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 144(4) of Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (see record 2015-33206-002). In the article the labels on the X-axis of Figure 1 "Remove Variance" and "Preserve Variance" should be switched.] Symbolic material objects such as art or certain artifacts (e.g., fine pottery, jewelry) share one common element: The combination of generating an expression, and the materialization of this expression in the object. This explains why people place a much greater value on handmade over machine-made objects, and originals over duplicates. We show that this mechanism occurs when a material object's symbolic property is salient and when the creator (artist or craftsman) is perceived to have agency control over the 1-to-1 materialized expression in the object. Coactivation of these 2 factors causes the object to be perceived as having high value because it is seen as the embodied representation of the creator's unique personal expression. In 6 experiments, subjects rated objects in various object categories, which varied on the type of object property (symbolic, functional, aesthetic), the production procedure (handmade, machine-made, analog, digital) and the origin of the symbolic information (person or software). The studies showed that the proposed mechanism applies to symbolic, but not to functional or aesthetic material objects. Furthermore, they show that this specific form of symbolic object valuation could not be explained by various other related psychological theories (e.g., uniqueness, scarcity, physical touching, creative performance). Our research provides a universal framework that identifies a core mechanism for explaining judgments of value for one of our most uniquely human symbolic object categories. PMID:26076045

  19. Novel Research Impact Indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Fenner

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Citation counts and more recently usage statistics provide valuable information about the attention and research impact associated with scholarly publications. The open access publisher Public Library of Science (PLOS has pioneered the concept of article-level metrics, where these metrics are collected on a per article and not a per journal basis and are complemented by real-time data from the social web or altmetrics: blog posts, social bookmarks, social media and other.

  20. Researching workplace learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Warring, Niels

    2007-01-01

    This article presents a theoretical and methodological framework for understanding and researching learning in the workplace. The workplace is viewed in a societal context and the learner is viewed as more than an employee in order to understand the learning process in relation to the learner's life history.Moreover we will explain the need to establish a 'double view' by examining learning in the workplace both as an objective and as a subjective reality. The article is mainly theoretical, but ...

  1. The Research Assessment Exercise

    OpenAIRE

    Lee-Anne Broadhead; Sean Howard

    1998-01-01

    In this article it is argued that the recent Research Assessment Exercise (RAE)--undertaken by the United Kingdom's Higher Education Funding Councils (HEFC)--is part of a much larger process of assessment in education generally. By taking the RAE as its focus, this article uses a Foucaultian analysis to amplify the nature and practice of disciplinary power in the setting of Higher Education. Foucault's notion of an "integrated system" of control and production, with its routine operation of s...

  2. Conducting Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farber, Nancy K.

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the concept of school counselor as researcher. Qualitative research is defined, explained, and differentiated from quantitative research. School counselor questions that lend themselves to qualitative research are explored. The article also discusses the steps of qualitative research in depth, including developing questions,…

  3. LETRAMENTOS ACADÊMICOS E CONSTRUÇÃO DA IDENTIDADE: A PRODUÇÃO DO ARTIGO CIENTÍFICO POR ALUNOS DE GRADUAÇÃO / Academic literacy and identity construction: the production of research article by graduation students / Letramientos académicos y construcción de la identidad: la producción de artículo científico por alumnos de graduación

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Benedito, Bezerra.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Em sua trajetória na graduação universitária, estudantes procuram construir uma identidade no ambiente acadêmico, o que implica envolver-se com práticas e eventos de letramento específicos. Os eventos de letramento no ambiente acadêmico incluem a produção de gêneros de prestígio como o artig [...] o científico. Neste trabalho, analisamos, à luz dos Estudos Culturais, Novos Estudos de Letramento e Estudos Retóricos de Gêneros, a produção de artigos científicos por graduandos em Letras como parte do processo de inserção dos estudantes em práticas e eventos de letramento na academia. No estudo, focalizamos, em cinco artigos produzidos por alunos, aspectos da intertextualidade, tomada como evidência do processo de construção da identidade letrada dos alunos no ambiente acadêmico através da produção do gênero em diálogo com escritores reconhecidos no campo. Os resultados indicam que os estudantes procuram identificar-se com os autores por meio de estratégias como a citação direta e outras formas de uso de seus textos. Abstract in spanish Resumen: En su trayectoria en la graduación universitaria, estudiantes procuran construir una identidad en el ambiente académico, lo que implica involucrarse con prácticas y eventos de letramiento específicos. Los eventos de letramento en el ambiente académico incluyen la producción de géneros de pr [...] estigio, como el artículo científico. En este trabajo analizamos, bajo la luz de los Estudios Culturales, Nuevos Estudios de Letramiento y Estudios Retóricos de Géneros, la producción de artículos científicos por estudiantes de graduación en Letras como parte del proceso de inserción de los estudiantes en prácticas y eventos de letramiento en la academia. El el estudio focalizamos, em cinco artículos producidos por alumnos, aspectos de la intertextualidad, tomados como evidencia del proceso de construcción de la identidad letrada de los alumnos en el ambiente académico, a través de la producción del género en diálogo con escritores reconocidos en el campo. Los resultados indican que los estudiantes procuran identificarse con los autores por medio de estrategias, como la citación directa y otras formas de uso de sus textos. Abstract in english Abstract: In their career at college graduation, students seek to construct an identity in academic settings, which involves engaging in specific literacy practices and literacy events. Literacy events in academic settings include the production of prestigious genres such as the research article. In [...] this paper, we analyze, under the light of Cultural Studies, New Literacy Studies, and Rhetorical Genre Studies, the production of scientific articles by undergraduates in Language as a part of the process of students' integration in literacy practices and literacy events in academy. We analyzed five articles written by students, focusing on aspects of intertextuality, taken as evidence of attempts at building the literate identity of students in academic settings through the production of the research article in dialogue with already recognized writers. Results indicate that students seek to identify their production with authors through strategies such as direct quoting and other forms of use of their texts.

  4. La formulación de los objetivos en artículos de investigación científica en cuatro disciplinas: historia, lingüística, literatura y biología / Formulation of objectives of research articles in four disciplines: history, linguistics, literature and biology / A formulação dos objetivos de artigos de pesquisa em quatro disciplinas: história, linguística, literatura e biologia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cristian, González Arias.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Analisar propriedades estruturais e funcionais dos produtos textuais da atividade científica ajuda a compreender o papel da linguagem na construção e na divulgação do conhecimento. Este artigo relata um estudo sobre a formulação de objetivos de artigos de investigação científica (AIC) em quatro disc [...] iplinas: História, Linguística, Literatura e Biologia. O objetivo maior deste estudo foi identificar padrões de formulação dos objetivos, das seções onde são apresentados e verificar se há diferenças entre as disciplinas estudadas. Um corpus constituído de 40 artigos foi analisado, distribuídos igualmente para cada uma das disciplinas estudadas. Obteve-se como resultado a identificação de cinco padrões na formulação de objetivos, que são apresentados, preferivelmente, no resumo e na introdução. Não obstante, trata-se, igualmente, das diferenças existentes entre o AIC das quatro disciplinas. Igualmente, há certas ambiguidades entre apresentar o objetivo da investigação e o objetivo do artigo, o que ressalta o caráter metonímico e performativo do AIC. Abstract in spanish Analizar las propiedades estructurales y funcionales de los productos textuales de la actividad científica ayuda a comprender el rol del lenguaje en la construcción y difusión del conocimiento. En el presente artículo se analiza la formulación de los objetivos en artículos de investigación científic [...] a (AIC) en cuatro disciplinas: Historia, Lingüística, Literatura y Biología. El propósito fue identificar patrones de formulación de los objetivos, los apartados donde son presentados y si existen diferencias entre las disciplinas estudiadas. Se analizaron 40 artículos, diez de cada una de las disciplinas. Como resultado, identificamos cinco patrones en la formulación de objetivos, los que son presentados indistintamente en el resumen y en la introducción. Sin embargo, se aprecian diferencias notables entre los AIC de las disciplinas estudiadas. Asimismo, con frecuencia se produce una ambigüedad entre presentar el objetivo de la investigación y el objetivo del artículo, resaltando el carácter metonímicoy realizativo del AIC. Abstract in english The analysis of the structural and functional properties of scientific activity textual products aids understanding the role of language in the construction and diffusion of scientific knowledge. Thus, the present article is based on a study of the formulation of objectives of research articles (RA) [...] in four disciplines: History, Linguistics, Literature, and Biology. The goal was to identify patterns in the formulation of objectives, the sections where they are presented, and potential differences among the disciplines. 40 articles were analyzed, ten from each discipline. The results show five patterns in the formulation of objectives, which are presented indistinctively within the abstract and the introduction. Nevertheless, some interesting differences have been found among the RA of the disciplines studied. Likewise, some ambiguity is found between the presentation of the research objective and the article objective, stressing the metonymic and performative character of the RA.

  5. Phosphoproteomics and Lung Cancer Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William C. S. Cho

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Massive evidence suggests that genetic abnormalities contribute to the development of lung cancer. These molecular abnormalities may serve as diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers for this deadly disease. It is imperative to search these biomarkers in different tumorigenesis pathways so as to provide the most appropriate therapy for each individual patient with lung malignancy. Phosphoproteomics is a promising technology for the identification of biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets for cancer. Thousands of proteins interact via physical and chemical association. Moreover, some proteins can covalently modify other proteins post-translationally. These post-translational modifications ultimately give rise to the emergent functions of cells in sequence, space and time. Phosphoproteomics clinical researches imply the comprehensive analysis of the proteins that are expressed in cells or tissues and can be employed at different stages. In addition, understanding the functions of phosphorylated proteins requires the study of proteomes as linked systems rather than collections of individual protein molecules. In fact, proteomics approaches coupled with affinity chromatography strategies followed by mass spectrometry have been used to elucidate relevant biological questions. This article will discuss the relevant clues of post-translational modifications, phosphorylated proteins, and useful proteomics approaches to identify molecular cancer signatures. The recent progress in phosphoproteomics research in lung cancer will be also discussed.

  6. Researching Postgraduate Educational Research in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, J.; Balfour, R.; Moletsane, R.; Pillay, G.

    2009-01-01

    This article is about the national project to gather together information about postgraduate education research (PPER) in South Africa conducted over a ten-year period, namely 1995-2004, being the first decade in the democratic era for South Africa. The ideas informing the PPER Project are provided and the complex process of developing the PPER…

  7. The Top 100 Cited Articles in Clinical Orthopedic Sports Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayar, Suresh K; Dein, Eric J; Spiker, Andrea M; Bernard, Johnathan A; Zikria, Bashir A

    2015-08-01

    Orthopedic sports medicine continues to evolve, owing much of its clinical management and practice to rigorous academic research. In this review, we identify and describe the top 100 cited articles in clinical sports medicine and recognize the authors and institutions driving the research. We collected articles (excluding basic science, animal, and cadaveric studies) from the 25 highest-impact sports medicine journals and analyzed them by number of citations, journal, publication date, institution, country, topic, and author. Mean number of citations was 408 (range, 229-1629). The articles were published in 7 journals, most in the 1980s to 2000s, and represented 15 countries. Thirty topics were addressed, with a heavy emphasis on anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction, knee rating systems, rotator cuff reconstruction, and chondrocyte transplantation. The 3 most cited articles, by Insall and colleagues, Constant and Murley, and Tegner and Lysholm, addressed a knee, a shoulder, and another knee rating system, respectively. Several authors contributed multiple articles. The Hospital for Special Surgery and the University of Bern contributed the most articles (5 each). This study provides a comprehensive list of the past century's major academic contributions to sports medicine. Residents and fellows may use this list to guide their scholarly investigations. PMID:26251939

  8. Protein Expression-Yeast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Klaus Hvid

    2014-01-01

    Yeast is an excellent system for the expression of recombinant eukaryotic proteins. Both endogenous and heterologous proteins can be overexpressed in yeast (Phan et al., 2001; Ton and Rao, 2004). Because yeast is easy to manipulate genetically, a strain can be optimized for the expression of a specific protein. Many eukaryotic proteins contain posttranslational modifications that can be performed in yeast but not in bacterial expression systems. In comparison with mammalian cell culture expressi...

  9. Predicting Future Citation Count Using Bibliographic and Author Information of Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Electronic journal continues to spread rapidly among academic researchers. Citation count shown of an article in academic journals plays an important role in academia. It helps academic researchers in choosing suitable and reliable references for their research. It is unfortunate that recently published papers tend to be unapparent, since it has less citation count than other former works. This research proposes a new way to predict future citation count of an article using regression analysis by machine learning. As a result, citation count prediction of article is delivered using the new proposed method.

  10. [Expression of Araneus ventricosus minor ampullate spidroin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zijiang; Chen, Gefei; Meng, Qing

    2013-09-01

    A repetitive DNA fragment, named P1, was amplified by PCR with the full-length Minor Ampullate Spidroin gene sequence of Araneus ventricosus as template. P1 was ligated with pPic3.5 and PKT expression vectors and transferred into GS115 and BL21(DE3) competence cells, respectively. SDS-PAGE and Western blot were used to analyze the recombinant his-tag fusion protein. With expressed in different expression systems, soluble P1 induced proteins could be obtained as the same size. Furthermore, the expression level and purification recovery efficiency were also higher in GS115 than that of BL21(DE3). Additionally, the expression level could be improved after optimizing the incubation and induction conditions of GS115. In this research, Pichia pastoris expression system is more suitable for the native repetitive Gly/Ala-rich spider spidroin gene sequence expression than Escherichia coli system. The data can help the native full-length MiSp gene expression and large-scale exploitation of recombinant of spider silk proteins. PMID:24409695

  11. Regular Expression Pocket Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Stubblebine, Tony

    2007-01-01

    This handy little book offers programmers a complete overview of the syntax and semantics of regular expressions that are at the heart of every text-processing application. Ideal as a quick reference, Regular Expression Pocket Reference covers the regular expression APIs for Perl 5.8, Ruby (including some upcoming 1.9 features), Java, PHP, .NET and C#, Python, vi, JavaScript, and the PCRE regular expression libraries. This concise and easy-to-use reference puts a very powerful tool for manipulating text and data right at your fingertips. Composed of a mixture of symbols and text, regular exp

  12. Theorizing practice research in social work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uggerhøj, Lars

    2011-01-01

    The article focuses on theories, definitions, interests, possibilities and barriers in practice research in social work. It points out that both practice and research will be influenced by participating in and developing practice research. – and that both parts must and will learn from the process. To elaborate and define practice research in social work, it is necessary to consider connected approaches and theories. The article will show that practice research is both connected to and can use t...

  13. Research Article Molecular Diversity Among Sesame Varieties Of Tamil Nadu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anitha, B.K., N. Manivannan, P. Vindhiya varman, C. Gopalakrishnan and K. Ganesamurthy

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Fourteen Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR markers were used to estimate the molecular genetic diversityamong 10 sesame varieties cultivated in Tamil Nadu. The 14 ISSR primers in 10 sesame genotypes yielded 66reproducible amplified bands. The number of amplified bands varied from 1 to 7. Out of 66 bands, 65 werepolymorphic (98.5%. Average number of bands and polymorphic bands per primer were 4.7 and 4.6 respectively.The polymorphic information content (PIC value ranged between 0.50 and 0.85. NTSYS-pc (ver 2.02software was used to calculate the Jaccard’s similarity coefficients. The maximum similarity was observedbetween VRI 1 and VRI 2 followed by Paiyur 1 and TMV 6 and less similarity between VRI 1 and SVPR 1.Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean (UPGMA cluster analysis grouped the 10 genotypesin to five groups at 0.60 similarity coefficient. Varieties CO 1, SVPR 1 and TMV 7 were clustered in to threeseparate clusters indicating most divergent among the released varieties of Tamil Nadu.

  14. Comments on the research article by Gross et al. (2012)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guntur, Srinivas; SØrensen, Niels N.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this Letter to the Editor is to present a discussion on the physics of rotational augmentation based on existing work. One of the latest works by Gross et al. (2012) is highlighted here, and its conclusions are discussed. Based on the existing understanding of rotational augmentation, some inconsistencies seem to be present in the analysis of Gross et al. These are identified and discussed here, along with a brief survey of relevant literature. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. 48 CFR 25.104 - Nonavailable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Nonavailable articles. 25.104 Section 25...Act-Supplies 25.104 Nonavailable articles. (a) The following articles have been determined to be...and castor oil. Chalk, English. Chestnuts....

  16. Facial dynamics and emotional expressions in facial aging treatments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaud, Thierry; Gassia, Véronique; Belhaouari, Lakhdar

    2015-03-01

    Facial expressions convey emotions that form the foundation of interpersonal relationships, and many of these emotions promote and regulate our social linkages. Hence, the facial aging symptomatological analysis and the treatment plan must of necessity include knowledge of the facial dynamics and the emotional expressions of the face. This approach aims to more closely meet patients' expectations of natural-looking results, by correcting age-related negative expressions while observing the emotional language of the face. This article will successively describe patients' expectations, the role of facial expressions in relational dynamics, the relationship between facial structures and facial expressions, and the way facial aging mimics negative expressions. Eventually, therapeutic implications for facial aging treatment will be addressed. PMID:25620090

  17. What Is Effective Research Leadership? a Research-Informed Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Drawing upon findings from a UK-based and -funded study of academic leadership provided by (full) professors, this article focuses on research leadership as perceived by those on the receiving end of it. Research leadership is defined as the influence of one or more people on the research-related behaviour, attitudes or intellectual capacity of…

  18. A Research Design for Studio-Based Research in Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Cora

    2010-01-01

    Studio-based research is rich with possibilities for contributing to the body of knowledge concerning creative processes, primarily because it has at its core the "making" disciplines. Nonetheless, for those who teach graduate research courses, this relative new mode of research can be challenging. In this article, the author discusses the…

  19. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FINDINGS PUBLISHED IN SCHOLARLY ARTICLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin A. Hubbe

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Articles published in scholarly journals, such as this one, tend to be mainly addressed to researchers at universities. Industrial follow-up and implementation of results from a scholarly article appears to be the exception, rather than the rule. Research grant specifications, as well as university policies, favor the generation of new knowledge, rather than the implementation of good ideas. But without patent protection, corporations have low motivation to expend the considerable effort to reduce ideas to practice after they have been openly published. The author speculates that the situation could be much more dynamic if there were a system of priority of implementation. According to such a system, the first company to successfully implement an idea that first appears in a peer-reviewed journal article, as validated by its debut in the marketplace, would have a grace period during which competitors would have to pay them a fee to sell a generic version of the same thing.

  20. Writing and Publishing Scientific Articles in Computer Science

    OpenAIRE

    Brandão, Wladmir Cardoso

    2015-01-01

    Over 15 years of teaching, advising students and coordinating scientific research activities and projects in computer science, we have observed the difficulties of students to write scientific papers to present the results of their research practices. In addition, they repeatedly have doubts about the publishing process. In this article we propose a conceptual framework to support the writing and publishing of scientific papers in computer science, providing a kind of guide ...

  1. Closed form expressions for moments of the beta Weibull distribution

    OpenAIRE

    Cordeiro, Gauss M.; Alexandre B Simas; Borko D Stošic

    2011-01-01

    The beta Weibull distribution was first introduced by Famoye et al. (2005) and studied by these authors and Lee et al. (2007). However, they do not give explicit expressions for the moments. In this article, we derive explicit closed form expressions for the moments of this distribution, which generalize results available in the literature for some sub-models. We also obtain expansions for the cumulative distribution function and Rényi entropy. Further, we discuss maximum likelihood estimatio...

  2. Is Mixed Methods Research Used in Australian Career Development Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Roslyn

    2010-01-01

    Mixed methods research has become a substantive and growing methodological force that is growing in popularity within the human and social sciences. This article reports the findings of a study that has systematically reviewed articles from the "Australian Journal of Career Development" from 2004 to 2009. The aim of the study was to provide a…

  3. Content analysis of published articles in the South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yolanda, Jordaan; Melanie, Wiese; Karim, Amade; Ermi, de Clercq.

    Full Text Available The publication of academic research is important for its contribution to the body of knowledge. A periodic analysis of journal content leads to the identification of research practices; while it also identifies the challenges that researchers face. The South African Journal of Economic and Manageme [...] nt Sciences (SAJEMS) is considered to be one of the leading publications in the field of economic and managerial research in South Africa. The SAJEMS was selected as the unit of analysis; and a content analysis was conducted on 257 articles published during the seven-year period 2004 - 2010. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the input and output factors relating to published articles, including questions on authors and article content, such as the various methodological approaches. The findings revealed that there has been a decrease in co-authored articles during the period 2005 - 2008. Although the contribution by practitioners increased significantly in 2005 and 2008, the majority of the articles are still authored predominantly by academics. It is promising to see that international authors were involved in nearly 20 per cent of the articles contributed. When it came to the methodological approaches, the articles employed largely non-probability sampling designs. Furthermore, almost two-thirds of the articles published in SAJEMS were based on quantitative research designs. This content analysis reveals the current research practices published in the SAJEMS. It provides food for thought for academics.

  4. Darwin and Emotion Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Ursula; Thibault, Pascal

    2009-01-01

    In his book "The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals," Charles Darwin (1872/1965) defended the argument that emotion expressions are evolved and adaptive (at least at some point in the past) and serve an important communicative function. The ideas he developed in his book had an important impact on the field and spawned rich domains of…

  5. Quantitative Articles: Developing Studies for Publication in Counseling Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trusty, Jerry

    2011-01-01

    This article is presented as a guide for developing quantitative studies and preparing quantitative manuscripts for publication in counseling journals. It is intended as an aid for aspiring authors in conceptualizing studies and formulating valid research designs. Material is presented on choosing variables and measures and on selecting…

  6. Anniversary Issue--Theme Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camp, William G.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Includes three articles: "Of Leaders and Vision: A Role for Omicron Tau Theta in Shaping Vocational Education's Future" (Camp); "Emergence, Development and Contributions of JVTE to Scholarship and Practice in Vocational Education" (Sutphin); and "Omicron Tau Theta, 1976-1990" (Simcoe). (SK)

  7. Contribution to researches in biophysics and biology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this accreditation to supervise research, the author indicates its curriculum and scientific works which mainly dealt with the different agents used in chemotherapy. Scientific works addressed anti-carcinogenic pharmacology, applied biophysics, and researches in oncology and radiobiology. Current research projects deal with mechanisms of cellular transformation and the implication of the anti-oxidising metabolism and of nucleotide metabolism in cell radio-sensitivity. Teaching and research supervising activities are also indicated. Several articles are proposed in appendix: Average quality factor and dose equivalent meter based on microdosimetry techniques; Activity of thymidylate synthetase, thymidine kinase and galactokinase in primary and xenografted human colorectal cancers in relation to their chromosomal patterns; Nucleotide metabolism in human gliomas, relation to the chromosomal profile; Pyrimidine nucleotide metabolism in human colon carcinomas: comparison of normal tissues, primary tumors and xenografts; Modifications of the antioxidant metabolism during proliferation and differentiation of colon tumours cell lines; Modulation of the antioxidant enzymes, p21 and p53 expression during proliferation and differentiation of human melanoma cell lines; Purine metabolism in 2 human melanoma cell lines, relation with proliferation and differentiation; Radiation-induced changes in nucleotide metabolism of 2 colon cancer cell lines with different radio-sensitivities

  8. Operations research diffusion in health care management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langabeer, James R; Worthington, Dave J

    2010-01-01

    The discipline of operations research (OR) has historically best served those industries that have goals that can be expressed and measured in absolute and quantitative terms. Comparatively, hospitals have had somewhat limited penetration and success with OR, if one uses published articles and case studies as the gauge. This research sought to empirically explore the penetration and success rates of OR in managerial decision-making processes within the hospital sector. A questionnaire was developed and administered to a nationwide sample of senior executives in hospitals throughout the United States, to measure actual usage and success rates of OR methods, understand the unique barriers to their adoption, and identify opportunities for OR to make greater headway. Findings establish that operations research has only a moderate penetration primarily in the more contemporary methods, and that half of hospitals surveyed rely on OR-type groups, albeit with different names. Finally, the research suggests that the decision process generally emphasizes collaboration over analytical decision-making, which might be a moderating factor for OR usage. Implications derived include the need for greater OR contributions in both financial and strategic decision-making. PMID:22329332

  9. Topical issues of psychological research materials on matters related to extremism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekerazh T.N.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with methodological support psychological and linguistic research "extremist" materials. Presents a comprehensive psycho-linguistic approach to the examination of information materials on matters related to combating extremism and terrorism, and certain provisions of the methodology developed by the Russian federal center of judicial examination of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. Based on the analysis of the "verbal" crimes related to criminal legal interpretation of extremism and terrorism, highlighted the types of prohibited public expression of communicative action, corresponding to the seven types of "extremist" values. The article outlines the key features of psychological analysis "extremist" materials research stages. It is shown that the complex (psycho-linguistic approach to the study of materials of extremist orientation, is scientifically sound, methodically proven, appropriate to the needs of law enforcement, judicial and investigative practice.

  10. Project 200: A Research Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windle, J. L.; And Other

    1971-01-01

    This report is the second in a series of articles which deal with the current state of research in the areas of career planning and development, placement, and recruitment of college trained personnel. The present article summarizes studies within the categories of the employer" and the placement and career counseling center." (Author)

  11. Research Ethics III: Publication Practices and Authorship, Conflicts of Interest, and Research Misconduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horner, Jennifer; Minifie, Fred D.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: In this series of articles--"Research Ethics I", "Research Ethics II", and "Research Ethics III"--the authors provide a comprehensive review of the 9 core domains for the responsible conduct of research (RCR) as articulated by the Office of Research Integrity. Method: In "Research Ethics III", they review the RCR domains of publication…

  12. Cloning and characterization of a novel invertase from the obligate biotroph Uromyces fabae and analysis of expression patterns of host and pathogen invertases in the course of infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voegele, Ralf T; Wirsel, Stefan; Möll, Ulla; Lechner, Melanie; Mendgen, Kurt

    2006-06-01

    Invertases are key enzymes in carbon partitioning in higher plants. They gain additional importance in the distribution of carbohydrates in the event of wounding or pathogen attack. Although many researchers have found an increase in invertase activity upon infection, only a few studies were able to determine whether the source of this activity was host or parasite. This article analyzes the role of invertases involved in the biotrophic interaction of the rust fungus Uromyces fabae and its host plant, Vicia faba. We have identified a fungal gene, Uf-INV1, with homology to invertases and assessed its contribution to pathogenesis. Expression analysis indicated that transcription began upon penetration of the fungus into the leaf, with high expression levels in haustoria. Heterologous expression of Uf-INV1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pichia pastoris allowed a biochemical characterization of the enzymatic activity associated with the secreted gene product INV1p. Expression analysis of the known vacuolar and cell-wall-bound invertase isoforms of V. faba indicated a decrease in the expression of a vacuolar invertase, whereas one cell-wall-associated invertase exhibited increased expression. These changes were not confined to the infected tissue, and effects also were observed in remote plant organs, such as roots. These findings hint at systemic effects of pathogen infection. Our results support the hypothesis that pathogen infection establishes new sinks which compete with physiological sink organs. PMID:16776296

  13. Images of illness: how causal claims and racial associations influence public preferences toward diabetes research spending.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gollust, Sarah E; Lantz, Paula M; Ubel, Peter A

    2010-12-01

    Despite the salience of health disparities in media and policy discourse, little previous research has investigated if imagery associating an illness with a certain racial group influences public perceptions. This study evaluated the influence of the media's presentation of the causes of type 2 diabetes and its implicit racial associations on attitudes toward people with diabetes and preferences toward research spending. Survey participants who viewed an article on genetic causation or social determinants of diabetes were more likely to support increased government spending on research than those viewing an article with no causal language, while participants viewing an article on behavioral choices were more likely to attribute negative stereotypes to people with diabetes. Participants who viewed a photo of a black woman accompanying the article were less likely to endorse negative stereotypes than those viewing a photo of a white woman, but those who viewed a photo of a glucose-testing device expressed the lowest negative stereotypes. The effect of social determinants language was significantly different for blacks and whites, lowering stereotypes only among blacks. Emphasizing the behavioral causes of diabetes, as is common in media coverage, may perpetuate negative stereotypes. While drawing attention to the social determinants that shape these behaviors could mitigate stereotypes, this strategy is unlikely to influence the public uniformly. PMID:21451158

  14. Does Facial Expressivity Count? How Typically Developing Children Respond Initially to Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stagg, Steven D.; Slavny, Rachel; Hand, Charlotte; Cardoso, Alice; Smith, Pamela

    2014-01-01

    Research investigating expressivity in children with autism spectrum disorder has reported flat affect or bizarre facial expressivity within this population; however, the impact expressivity may have on first impression formation has received little research input. We examined how videos of children with autism spectrum disorder were rated for…

  15. Impact Factor: Early Career Research & Digital Scholarship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquini, Laura A.; Wakefield, Jenny S.; Roman, Tiffany

    2014-01-01

    It is becoming increasingly vital to publish and share research as well as get citations for the purpose of researcher visibility. The publishing options available for research distribution seem endless. It really is an academic jungle out there! This article reviews why early career researchers and graduate scholars should consider their research

  16. Strategy and research programs on the long life high activity radioactive wastes management (concerning the article L542 of the environment code, of the law of the 30 December 1991). Knowledge and perspectives; Strategie et programmes des recherches sur la gestion des dechets radioactifs a haute activite et a vie longue (au titre de l'article L542 du code de l'environnement, issu de la loi du 30 decembre 1991). Acquis et perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Describing the research strategy and the programs around the three axis, separation and transmutation - deep underground storage - conditioning and long time disposal, this document is a reference concerning the research programs of the law of the 30 December 1991. This 2004 edition presents the historical approach and the main context, the objectives, the methods and criteria followed, the research program organization and implemented coordination structures. It provides also the results of the last ten years. (A.L.B.)

  17. Gendering Excellence in Technological Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liisa Husu

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Gender patterns in technological and engineering research careers were explored in a EU funded 13-country study PROMETEA, conducted 2005-2007, including old and new EU member states, as well as Serbia, Russia and Chile. Drawing on the data from this study, the article analyses the gendering of key arenas of excellence in technological and engineering research from a comparative international perspective, with focus on research funding, publishing, scientific prizes and awards, and patents. A central challenge for gender-sensitive science and research policy is how to combine the promotion of scientific excellence with the promotion of gender equality. Exploring gendering of excellence in technology and engineering research is of especial interest because of the strong position this field enjoys in European research policy and in national research policies, and because it continues to be the most male-dominated research field in Europe. The article also discusses methodological challenges of this type of international research.

  18. Publication trends of neurology articles in a biomedical journal from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. V. S. Hari Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The details about the research productivity in the neurology specialty from India is lacking. We analyzed the publishing trends and the research productivity of neurology-related articles in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India (JAPI. Materials and Methods: We carried the bibliometric analysis of articles related to neurology specialty from JAPI published between 2000 and 2011. Data were derived from the journal?s website and the articles were analyzed for type (original article, case reports, etc., disease (infection, vascular, etc., place, and timelines for publication. Results: Out of total 2977 articles published, 256 articles belong to neurology. Neurology contributed to 7--20% of the published articles per year in JAPI. Case reports (52% constitute the majority type of articles followed by Original Articles (20%, Correspondence and Images (15% each. Infections (27%, structural disorders (19%, cerebrovascular and peripheral nervous system disorders (16% each contribute the majority of research articles in Neurology. Mumbai (15%, Delhi (13%, and Chennai (9% are the top three contributors followed by Lucknow and Varanasi. All types of articles took about 9--10 months for acceptance and another 4--5 months for publication. Letters to the Editor were published faster when compared to other articles (P=0.0035. Conclusion: Neurology specialty contributes an average 14% of articles per annum in JAPI. Infections, vascular, structural, and peripheral nervous system disorders together account for 80% of published literature with a small representation from other diseases. Mumbai and Delhi are the leading contributors toward research productivity in neurology.

  19. Recognising and Interpreting Named Temporal Expressions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brucato, Matteo; Derczynski, Leon

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces a new class of temporal expression – named temporal expressions – and methods for recognising and interpreting its members. The commonest temporal expressions typically contain date and time words, like April or hours. Research into recognising and interpreting these typical expressions is mature in many languages. However, there is a class of expressions that are less typical, very varied, and difficult to automatically interpret. These indicate dates and times, but are harder to detect because they often do not contain time words and are not used frequently enough to appear in conventional temporally-annotated corpora for example Michaelmas or Vasant Panchami. Using Wikipedia and linked data, we automatically construct a resource of English named temporal expressions, and use it to extract training examples from a large corpus. These examples are then used to train and evaluate a named temporal ex- pression recogniser. We also introduce and evaluate rules for automatically interpreting these expressions, and we observe that use of the rules improves temporal annotation performance over existing corpora

  20. Data set of the protein expression profiles of Luminal A, Claudin-low and overexpressing HER2+ breast cancer cell lines by iTRAQ labelling and tandem mass spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Grisel Calderón-González

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Breast cancer is the most common and the leading cause of mortality in women worldwide. There is a dire necessity of the identification of novel molecules useful in diagnosis and prognosis. In this work we determined the differentially expression profiles of four breast cancer cell lines compared to a control cell line. We identified 1020 polypeptides labelled with iTRAQ with more than 95% in confidence. We analysed the common proteins in all breast cancer cell lines through IPA software (IPA core and Biomarkers. In addition, we selected the specific overexpressed and subexpressed proteins of the different molecular classes of breast cancer cell lines, and classified them according to protein class and biological process. Data in this article is related to the research article “Determination of the protein expression profiles of breast cancer cell lines by Quantitative Proteomics using iTRAQ Labelling and Tandem Mass Spectrometry” (Calderón-González et al. [1] in press.

  1. Data set of the protein expression profiles of Luminal A, Claudin-low and overexpressing HER2+ breast cancer cell lines by iTRAQ labelling and tandem mass spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderón-González, Karla Grisel; Valero Rustarazo, Ma Luz; Labra-Barrios, Maria Luisa; Bazán-Méndez, César Isaac; Tavera-Tapia, Alejandra; Herrera-Aguirre, Marí;aEsther; Sánchez del Pino, Manuel M.; Gallegos-Pérez, José Luis; González-Márquez, Humberto; Hernández-Hernández, Jose Manuel; León-Ávila, Gloria; Rodríguez-Cuevas, Sergio; Guisa-Hohenstein, Fernando; Luna-Arias, Juan Pedro

    2015-01-01

    Breast cancer is the most common and the leading cause of mortality in women worldwide. There is a dire necessity of the identification of novel molecules useful in diagnosis and prognosis. In this work we determined the differentially expression profiles of four breast cancer cell lines compared to a control cell line. We identified 1020 polypeptides labelled with iTRAQ with more than 95% in confidence. We analysed the common proteins in all breast cancer cell lines through IPA software (IPA core and Biomarkers). In addition, we selected the specific overexpressed and subexpressed proteins of the different molecular classes of breast cancer cell lines, and classified them according to protein class and biological process. Data in this article is related to the research article “Determination of the protein expression profiles of breast cancer cell lines by Quantitative Proteomics using iTRAQ Labelling and Tandem Mass Spectrometry” (Calderón-González et al. [1] in press). PMID:26217805

  2. Photosynthetic gene expression in higher plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, James O; Yerramsetty, Pradeep; Zielinski, Amy M; Mure, Christopher M

    2013-11-01

    Within the chloroplasts of higher plants and algae, photosynthesis converts light into biological energy, fueling the assimilation of atmospheric carbon dioxide into biologically useful molecules. Two major steps, photosynthetic electron transport and the Calvin-Benson cycle, require many gene products encoded from chloroplast as well as nuclear genomes. The expression of genes in both cellular compartments is highly dynamic and influenced by a diverse range of factors. Light is the primary environmental determinant of photosynthetic gene expression. Working through photoreceptors such as phytochrome, light regulates photosynthetic genes at transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. Other processes that affect photosynthetic gene expression include photosynthetic activity, development, and biotic and abiotic stress. Anterograde (from nucleus to chloroplast) and retrograde (from chloroplast to nucleus) signaling insures the highly coordinated expression of the many photosynthetic genes between these different compartments. Anterograde signaling incorporates nuclear-encoded transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulators, such as sigma factors and RNA-binding proteins, respectively. Retrograde signaling utilizes photosynthetic processes such as photosynthetic electron transport and redox signaling to influence the expression of photosynthetic genes in the nucleus. The basic C3 photosynthetic pathway serves as the default form used by most of the plant species on earth. High temperature and water stress associated with arid environments have led to the development of specialized C4 and CAM photosynthesis, which evolved as modifications of the basic default expression program. The goal of this article is to explain and summarize the many gene expression and regulatory processes that work together to support photosynthetic function in plants. PMID:23839301

  3. Expert Oracle application express

    CERN Document Server

    Scott, John Edward

    2011-01-01

    Expert Oracle Application Express brings you groundbreaking insights into developing with Oracle's enterprise-level, rapid-development tool from some of the best practitioners in the field today. Oracle Application Express (APEX) is an entirely web-based development framework that is built into every edition of Oracle Database. The framework rests upon Oracle's powerful PL/SQL language, enabling power users and developers to rapidly develop applications that easily scale to hundreds, even thousands of concurrent users. The 13 authors of Expert Oracle Application Express build their careers aro

  4. Rain research with disdrometers: a bibliometric review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Fernandez-Raga

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses the research on disdrometers based on published studies. To do so, a wide data base of bibliographic references has been used: the Web of Science (published by Thomson Reuters. The search was carried out for all of the articles whose "TOPIC" was disdrometer. The more than 300 articles found were analysed according to various criteria: countries with research using disdrometers; publication dates; evolution of the number of articles; concepts studied and research lines followed in each article; and finally, a bibliometric analysis of the more than 60 journals where these articles have been published. Since 1963, there has been an increase in the number of articles published on disdrometers, which in the last 20 yr has been more than ten times higher than the increase in the number of articles on meteorology.

  5. Title, abstract, key words and references in biomedical articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brki? Silvija

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Scientists frequently communicate the results of their work in research reports. When writing scientific articles, authors must follow instructions and requirements of standard article format. A scientific paper should have in proper order, a Title, Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods Results, Discussion, Conclusion and Literature. A title should be the fewest possible words that accurately describe the content of the paper. It should attract researchers' attention in order to be included in their investigation. An abstract is a short summary of the article. It concisely summarizes results and conclusion so that essential details of the paper can be understood in 100 - 250 words. The most commonly used are structured abstracts. Key words are provided below the abstract and describe the medical concepts characteristic for the whole article. Assign at least one and an average of 5 to 10 key words. Indexing in biomedicine means using the Thesaurus of the American National Library of Medicine: Medical Subject Headings. It provides easy and fast access to precise information using key words assigned to each document. Reference citation is obligatory and integral part of scientific articles. It provides communication among the authors and binds scientific papers as well as whole scientific knowledge in certain fields.

  6. Article Impact Means Journal Impact

    OpenAIRE

    Uwe Matzat; Ulf-Dietrich Reips

    2013-01-01

    These days there is a lot of misunderstanding of scientometrics and we often see a confusion of the research with its indicators. Science ministries and university administrators try to push their country's or institution's "research impact" by telling researchers to increase numeric figures that were invented as proxies for later assessment. In obvious juxtaposition to common sense this even leads to direct orders to postdocs "to only publish in high impact journals" and not to engage in oth...

  7. APPROACHES AND ACTIVITIES FOR ENGLISH ARTICLE USE

    OpenAIRE

    JABER MASLAMANI

    2008-01-01

    The article system of English can be difficult for students to understand and even forteachers to articulate. Some theorists believe that article pedagogy should focus on form. Others, most notably Pica (1983), believe that article pedagogy should focus on a communicative approach. Both approaches have valid claims. Although, there is no single or particular schema or method for teaching articles, a variety of options for conceptualizing article pedagogy and usage found in the literature will...

  8. The role of a school librarian in introducing students to research work in high school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majda Steinbuch

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the final goals of high school education is to prepare students to be able to master independently written form of expression. Therefore, during all four years of schooling, they are introduced to the contents required for independent research work.In this process, school librarian has an important role. With the curriculum of library and information skills (LIS, the school library participates in different phases of the research process from first year of high school on, helping students and mentors find themes for their research, retrieve, select, use and evaluate information sources, as well as with citing, bibliography and presentation. The librarian as the expert for retrieving and organization is a co-mentor of research work, together with teachers who are professionals in their respective professional fields. Because of special information needs, the librarian cooperates with other libraries, takes care of interlibrary loan and organizes a local collection of graduate and other research works making them freely accesible.The article presents different forms of research work of students on the case of Maribor High School II, some of them regular and obligatory in the education process and some of them chosen freely, and the role of librarian as an intermediate element in this process.The article also presents the opinions of teachers on research work in school and the role of schoollibrary and schoollibrarians in this process.

  9. Padronização da terminologia dos centros médicos universitários e de pesquisa biomédica, no idioma inglês, para envio de artigo de revista / Standardization of the terminology of the academic medical centers and biomedical research centers, in the English language, for journal article sending

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bernardo, Hochman; Rafael Fagionato, Locali; Renato Santos de, Oliveira Filho; Ricardo Leão de, Oliveira; Saul, Goldenberg; Lydia Masako, Ferreira.

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Propor uma padronização, no idioma inglês, na formatação da citação da sede da pesquisa. MÉTODOS: A partir das três publicações mais recentes dos 20 primeiros periódicos disponíveis no Portal Brasileiro de Informação Científica - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior [...] (CAPES), com maior fator de impacto durante a ano de 2004, segundo levantamento na base de dados ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports no biênio 2004-2005, extraíram-se os formatos das citações das sedes de pesquisa. Realizou-se uma analogia ao escalonamento hierárquico institucional da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), e os formatos mais freqüentes, no idioma inglês, foram adotados como padrão a ser sugerido para citar as sedes de pesquisa ao envio dos artigos. RESULTADOS: Em relação à citação "Departamento", padronizou-se "Department of ..." (sendo "..." o nome em inglês do Departamento), à citação "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group", "Setor" "Section of ...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit" "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." e "Grupo" "Group of ...". Abstract in english PURPOSE: To suggest a standardization, in the English language, the formatting of the citation of the research centers. METHODS: From three more recent publications of the first 20 journals available in Brazilian Portal of Scientific Information - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível S [...] uperior (CAPES), with bigger factor of impact during the year of 2004, according of information in ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports database in biennium 2004-2005, had extracted the formats of citations of the research centers. An analogy to the institutional hierarchie step of the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP) was carried out, and the formats most frequent, in the English language, had been adopted as standard to be suggested to cite the research centers for sending articles. RESULTS: In relation to the citation "Departamento", was standardized "Department of ..." (being "..." the name in English of the Department), to the citation "Programa de Pós-Graduação" "... Program", "Disciplina" "Division of ...", "Órgãos, Grupos e Associações" "... Group ", "Setor" "Section of...", "Centro" "Center for ...", "Unidade" "... Unit ", "Instituto" "Institute of ...", "Laboratório" "Laboratory of ..." and "Grupo" "Group of ...".

  10. Express.js blueprints

    CERN Document Server

    Augarten, Ben; Lin, Eric; Shaikh, Aidha; Soriani, Fabiano Pereira; Tisserand, Geoffrey; Zhang, Chiqing; Zhang, Kan

    2015-01-01

    This book is for beginners to Node.js and also for those who are technically advanced. By the end of this book, every competent developer will have achieved expertise in building web applications with Express.js.

  11. Victimological research in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šelih Alenka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article gives an overview of victimological research in Slovenia. The overview has different orientations: it started with analysis of the victim’s role in commission of the offence and ended with research on help and support to the victim; it started with research into particular offences and their victims and proceeded to analyses of structural violence. Victim surveys as having been implemented in Slovenia are being presented. The article follows the victimological research studies from first empirical projects to those studies that have later allowed for theoretical generalizations. The contribution gives an account of activities of victimology as an advocacy as well as of victim support schemes developed in Slovenia during the last ten to twenty years. Finally, it presents the development of the concept of restorative justice, especially mediation and the ways it has entered into the Slovene criminal justice system.

  12. Exploiting Shrinkage Approach in Analysing Gene Expression Data.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valenta, Zden?k; Kalina, Jan; Kolá?, Michal; Zvárová, Jana

    Ottawa : National Research Council Canada , 2011. s. 120. [ISCB 2011. Annual Conference /32./. 21.08.2011-25.08.2011, Ottawa] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504; CEZ:AV0Z50520514 Keywords : gene expression * shrinkage estimation * dimensionality reduction * classification Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  13. Economic Research Bulletin (2013, No.2)

    OpenAIRE

    ?eská národní banka

    2013-01-01

    This edition of the Research Bulletin focuses on four articles which analyse the macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy. The first article examines the interactions between monetary and fiscal policies in six industrialised countries during 1980–2008. Employing a novel empirical framework, the article documents changes in monetary-fiscal interactions over time. Next, these changes are linked to the monetary policy regime set-up. The second article assesses the extent to which fiscal discretio...

  14. "We Are Researchers": Students with and without Intellectual Disabilities Research the University Experience in a Participatory Action Research Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Susan M.; Yuan, Susan J.; Karambelas, Alex M.; Lampugnale, Luke E.; Parrott, Bernard J.; Sagar, Cora E.; Terry, Taylor V.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes an undergraduate Participatory Action Research (PAR) course in which students with and without intellectual disabilities collaborated as co-researchers in order to explore various aspects of the university experience. The article describes the university course as well as presents results of the students' PAR projects. The…

  15. Research in child and adolescent psychiatry in India

    OpenAIRE

    Shastri, Priyavadan Chandrakant; Shastri, Jay P.; Shastri, Dimple

    2010-01-01

    The primary source for this annotation on child and adolescent psychiatry is Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Articles covering various dimensions of child and adolescent mental health were searched from its electronic data base to discuss relevant articles. Literature was mainly in the form of original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, orations and presidential address.

  16. A Historical Index of the "Journal of Social Studies Research"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, Stewart; Russell, William B., III

    2010-01-01

    The following article is a brief history of "The Journal of Social Studies Research." As well, this article provides readers with an index of all articles published in "JSSR" from 1977-2009. The index is arranged by year. Within each year, the articles are listed alphabetically by the first author's last name. The index includes all bibliographic…

  17. The dual role of the action researcher

    OpenAIRE

    Sandaunet, Anne-Grete; Trondsen, Marianne

    2008-01-01

    This article aims to provide more insight into advantages and challenges of conducting action research with the intention to improve health care. Action research is distinctive in the sense that the researcher has a dual role as both researcher and implementer of the program studied. The article is based on two Norwegian action-oriented studies that aimed to explore the potential role of online self-help groups for breast cancer patients and adolescents with mentally ill parents respectively....

  18. Imaging Oncogene Expression

    OpenAIRE

    Mukherjee, Archana; Wickstrom, Eric; Thakur, Mathew L.

    2009-01-01

    This review briefly outlines the importance of molecular imaging, particularly imaging of endogenous gene expression for noninvasive genetic analysis of radiographic masses. The concept of antisense imaging agents and the advantages and challenges in the development of hybridization probes for in vivo imaging are described. An overview of the investigations on oncogene expression imaging is given. Finally, the need for further improvement in antisense-based imaging agents and directions to im...

  19. Collaborating on Referring Expressions

    OpenAIRE

    Heeman, Peter A.; Hirst, Graeme

    1995-01-01

    This paper presents a computational model of how conversational participants collaborate in order to make a referring action successful. The model is based on the view of language as goal-directed behavior. We propose that the content of a referring expression can be accounted for by the planning paradigm. Not only does this approach allow the processes of building referring expressions and identifying their referents to be captured by plan construction and plan inference, i...

  20. Regular Expression Containment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henglein, Fritz; Nielsen, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    We present a new sound and complete axiomatization of regular expression containment. It consists of the conventional axiomatiza- tion of concatenation, alternation, empty set and (the singleton set containing) the empty string as an idempotent semiring, the fixed- point rule E* = 1 + E × E* for Kleene-star, and a general coin- duction rule as the only additional rule. Our axiomatization gives rise to a natural computational inter- pretation of regular expressions as simple types that represent ...

  1. Democratic Freedom of Expression

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Restrepo

    2013-01-01

    This paper suggests the democratic direction in which the right of freedom of expression should be conceived and applied. In the first two sections it suggests some counter-examples to, and diagnoses of, the libertarian and liberal conceptions of freedom of expression, taking Scanlon (1972) and Scanlon (1979), respectively, to be their chief proponents. The paper suggests that these conceptions cannot take into account clear examples, like fraudulent propaganda, which should not be legal. The...

  2. Imaging oncogene expression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review briefly outlines the importance of molecular imaging, particularly imaging of endogenous gene expression for noninvasive genetic analysis of radiographic masses. The concept of antisense imaging agents and the advantages and challenges in the development of hybridization probes for in vivo imaging are described. An overview of the investigations on oncogene expression imaging is given. Finally, the need for further improvement in antisense-based imaging agents and directions to improve oncogene mRNA targeting is stated.

  3. Top-cited articles in traumatic brain injury.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhanu Sharma

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A review of the top-cited articles in a scientific discipline can identify areas of research that are well established and those in need of further development, and may, as a result, inform and direct future research efforts. Our objective was to identify and characterize the top-cited articles in traumatic brain injury (TBI. We used publically available software to identify the 50 TBI articles with the most lifetime citations, and the 50 TBI articles with the highest annual citation rates. A total of 73 articles were included in this review, with 27 of the 50 papers with the highest annual citation rates common to the cohort of 50 articles with the most lifetime citations. All papers were categorized by their primary topic or focus, namely: predictor of outcome, pathology/natural history, treatment, guidelines and consensus statements, epidemiology, assessment measures, or experimental model of TBI. The mean year of publication of the articles with the most lifetime citations and highest annual citation rates was, respectively, 1990 ± 14.9 years and 2003 ± 6.7 years. The 50 articles with the most lifetime citations typically studied predictors of outcome (34.0%, 17/50 and were specific to severe TBI (38.0%, 19/50. In contrast, the most common subject of papers with the highest annual citation rates was treatment of brain injury (22.0%, 11/50, and these papers most frequently investigated mild TBI (36.0%, 18/50. These findings suggest an intensified focus on mild TBI, which is perhaps a response to the dedicated attention these injuries are currently receiving in the context of sports and war, and because of their increasing incidence in developing nations. Our findings also indicate increased focus on treatment of TBI, possibly due to the limited efficacy of current interventions for TBI. This review provides a cross-sectional summary of some of the most influential articles in TBI, and a bibliometric examination of the current status of TBI research.

  4. IFPA Meeting 2013 Workshop Report II : Use of 'omics' in understanding placental development, bioinformatics tools for gene expression analysis, planning and coordination of a placenta research network, placental imaging, evolutionary approaches to understanding pre-eclampsia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ackerman, W E; Adamson, L

    2013-01-01

    Workshops are an important part of the IFPA annual meeting as they allow for discussion of specialized topics. At the IFPA meeting 2013 twelve themed workshops were presented, five of which are summarized in this report. These workshops related to various aspects of placental biology but collectively covered areas of new technologies for placenta research: 1) use of 'omics' in understanding placental development and pathologies; 2) bioinformatics and use of omics technologies; 3) planning and coordination of a placenta research network; 4) clinical imaging and pathological outcomes; 5) placental evolution.

  5. Backward SDE approach to modelling of gene expression

    OpenAIRE

    Shamarova, Evelina; Ramos, Alexandre F.; Aguiar, Paulo

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we introduce a new method to model stochastic gene expression. The protein concentration dynamics follows a backward stochastic differential equation (BSDE). To validate our approach we employ the Gillespie method to generate benchmark data. The numerical simulation shows that the data produced by both methods agree quite well.

  6. Research strategy and programs about the management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (by right of the article L542 of the environment law and belonging to the December 30, 1991 law); Strategie et programmes des recherches sur la gestion des dechets radioactifs a haute activite et a vie longue (au titre de l'article L542 du code de l'environnement, issu de la loi du 30 decembre 1991) 2002-2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This document has been prepared by the French public organizations on charge of the researches about the management of radioactive wastes in the framework of the law from December 30, 1991. It was presented at the national commission of evaluation on March 6, 2002. It comprises 6 chapters dealing with: 1 - the methodology, structuration and implementation of researches: main goals; products of the back-end of the fuel cycle and evaluation of fluxes; technical structuration of programs; researches consistency, complementarity and priority; criteria of appreciation of researches relevance; 2 - the main results after 10 years of researches in the framework of the 1991 law: abatement of wastes noxiousness; wastes conditioning; long-term storage; studies on geological disposal; 3 - the main steps towards 2006: separation and transmutation; underground disposal; conditioning and long-term behaviour; 4 - presentation and analysis of research programs: separation-transmutation; feasibility of a deep geologic disposal (clay, granite); conditioning and storage (containers, storage and long-term behaviour); 5 - coordination: authorities, share of data, research programs; 6 - international collaborations; appendixes. (J.S.)

  7. Researching classroom questioning

    OpenAIRE

    Lores González, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    The complexities of the modern society and interconnected world in which we live requires students who are able to problem solve and think critically. The research on which is article is based aims to explore how classroom questioning can help students guide their learning and model the spirit of inquiry to become lifelong learners. The research took place in an International Bilingual School of Madrid during sixth grade English lessons. It shows how developing effective questioning skills re...

  8. Development of Solar Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittmann, Axel D.; Wolfschmidt, Gudrun; Duerbeck, Hilmar W.

    Originally based on a workshop on “Development of Solar Research”, held in Freiburg/Breisgau, this book contains articles on megalithic structures, the Nebra sky-disk, ancient sun cults, the observation of sunspots, the photography of the sun during eclipses, eclipse maps and expeditions, solar telescopes, solar physics during the Nazi era, archives of solar observations, scientific ballooning for solar research, site-testing on the Canary Islands, as well as on international cooperation.

  9. [Research in medical education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, Charlotte Vibeke

    2008-01-01

    Research in medical education is a relatively new discipline. Over the past 30 years, the discipline has experienced a tremendous growth, which is reflected in an increase in the number of publications in both medical education journals and medical science journals. However, recent reviews of articles on medical education studies indicate a need for improvement of the quality of medical education research in order to contribute to the advancement of educational practice as well as educational re...

  10. A basic introduction to research: how not to do research

    OpenAIRE

    Vickers, Andrew J.

    2008-01-01

    In this didactic paper, I review some prevalent “myths” about clinical research: anyone can do research; you can learn how to do research from a book or journal articles; all you need to do statistics is the right software (although Excel will also do); you can do good quality research at your kitchen sink; what is important is that you did your best. These myths appear particularly prevalent in the complementary and alternative medicine communities. They are based on a clear double standard:...

  11. Research and research education in music – disciplinary or interdisciplinary approach?

    OpenAIRE

    Schei, Tiri Bergesen; Espeland, Magne; Stige, Brynjulf

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this article is to contribute to a discussion about the future of research and research education in music. The multiple existing traditions of music research constitute a rich resource. Increasingly however, similar topics are researched from different angles, often with watertight bulkheads between such various music disciplines as, e.g. music education, musicology, music therapy and performance studies. Music is a common denominator in these disciplines and interdiscip...

  12. Robust Facial Expression Classification Using Shape and Appearance Features

    OpenAIRE

    Happy, S L; Routray, Aurobinda

    2015-01-01

    Facial expression recognition has many potential applications which has attracted the attention of researchers in the last decade. Feature extraction is one important step in expression analysis which contributes toward fast and accurate expression recognition. This paper represents an approach of combining the shape and appearance features to form a hybrid feature vector. We have extracted Pyramid of Histogram of Gradients (PHOG) as shape descriptors and Local Binary Patter...

  13. A Novel Approach to Teaching Emotional Expression in Music Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Jessika

    2008-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of music performance is the expression of emotions, yet research has suggested that this skill is neglected in music education. The aim of this thesis was thus to develop and test a novel and empirically-based approach to teaching emotional expression in music performance. Study I explored the nature of instrumental teaching in its natural context, with a focus on emotional expression. Although there were individual differences among teachers, a common featur...

  14. Cognitive Consequences of Expressive Regulation in Older Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Emery, Lisa; HESS, THOMAS M.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research has suggested that older and young adults are equally able to regulate their outward expressions of emotion and that the regulation of emotional expression in younger adults results in decreased memory for the emotional stimulus. In the current study, we examined whether older adults show this same memory effect. Older and young adults viewed positive and negative emotional pictures under instructions to view the pictures naturally, enhance their facial expressions, or suppr...

  15. Can a Humanoid Face be Expressive? A Psychophysiological Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Lazzeri, Nicole; Mazzei, Daniele; Greco, Alberto; Rotesi, Annalisa; Lanatà, Antonio; De Rossi, Danilo Emilio

    2015-01-01

    Non-verbal signals expressed through body language play a crucial role in multi-modal human communication during social relations. Indeed, in all cultures, facial expressions are the most universal and direct signs to express innate emotional cues. A human face conveys important information in social interactions and helps us to better understand our social partners and establish empathic links. Latest researches show that humanoid and social robots are becoming increasingly similar to humans...

  16. Memory, Space and Time: Researching Children's Lives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Dorothy

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the research approach in "Pathways through Childhood", a small qualitative study drawing on memories of childhood. The research explores how wider social arrangements and social change influence children's everyday lives. The article discusses the way that the concepts of social memory, space and time have been drawn on to…

  17. Quality of Reporting in Clinical Pharmacy Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilersich, A. Lane; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Original research articles from three major pharmacy journals were reviewed to determine the quality of reporting research. Articles were evaluated for method of recruitment and/or randomization; statistical analysis; inclusion/exclusion criteria; subject blinding; objective assessment; treatment complications; loss to followup; number of…

  18. Levels of Analysis in Higher Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tight, Malcolm

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the levels of analysis adopted in higher education research, using a database of 567 articles published in 15 leading higher education journals internationally during 2010. Level of analysis is a relatively overlooked issue in this field of research, when compared with methodology, theory and/or topic--to which it is, of…

  19. Turning working papers into articles: An exercise in micro-bibliometrics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber Frandsen, Tove; Wouters, Paul

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on the process of scientific and scholarly communication. Data on open access publications on the Internet not only provides a supplement to the traditional citation indexes but also enables analysis of the microprocesses and daily practices that constitute scientific communication. This article focuses on a stage in the life cycle of scientific and scholarly information that precedes the publication of formal research articles in the scientific and scholarly literature. Bin...

  20. Continuous, Dynamic and Comprehensive Article-Level Evaluation of Scientific Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xianwen; Fang, Zhichao; YANG Yang

    2014-01-01

    It is time to make changes to the current research evaluation system, which is built on the journal selection. In this study, we propose the idea of continuous, dynamic and comprehensive article-level-evaluation based on article-level-metrics. Different kinds of metrics are integrated into a comprehensive indicator, which could quantify both the academic and societal impact of the article. At different phases after the publication, the weights of different metrics are dynami...

  1. A study of gene expression markers for predictive significance for bevacizumab benefit in patients with metastatic colon cancer: a translational research study of the Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group (HeCOG)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bevacizumab, an antibody neutralizing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), is licensed for the management of patients with advanced colon cancer. However, tumor biomarkers identifying the molecular tumor subsets most amenable to angiogenesis modulation are lacking. We profiled expession of 24526 genes by means of whole genome 24 K DASL (c-DNA-mediated, Annealing, Selection and Ligation) arrays, (Illumina, CA) in 16 bevacizumab-treated patients with advanced colon cancer (Test set). Genes with correlation to 8-month Progression-free status were studied by means of qPCR in two independent colon cancer cohorts: 49 patients treated with bevacizumab + chemotherapy (Bevacizumab qPCR set) and 72 patients treated with chemotherapy only (Control qPCR set). Endpoints were best tumor response before metastasectomy (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS). Five genes were significantly correlated to 8-month progression-free status in the Test set: overexpression of KLF12 and downregulation of AGR2, ALDH6A1, MCM5, TFF2. In the two independent datasets, irinotecan- or oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy was administered as first-line treatment and metastasectomies were subsequently applied in 8-14% of patients. No prognostically significant gene classifier encompassing all five genes could be validated in the Bevacizumab or Control qPCR sets. The complex gene expression profile of all-low tumor (ALDH6A1 + TFF2 + MCM5) was strongly associated with ORR in the Bevacizumab qPCR set (ORR 85.7%, p = 0.007), but not in the Control set (ORR 36.4%, p = 0.747). The Odds Ratio for response for the all-low tumor (ALDH6A1 + TFF2 + MCM5) profile versus any other ALDH6A1 + TFF2 + MCM5 profile was 15 (p = 0.018) in the Bevacizumab qPCR set but only 0.72 (p = 0.63) in the Control set. The tumor expression profile of (KLF12-high + TFF2-low) was significantly associated with PFS only in the Bevacizumab qPCR set: bevacizumab-treated patients with (KLF12-high + TFF2-low) tumors had superior PFS (median 14 months, 95% CI 2-21) compared to patients with any other (KLF12 + TFF2) expression profile (median PFS 7 months, 95% CI 5-10, p = 0.021). The Hazard Ratio for disease progression for (KLF12-high + TFF2-low) versus any other KLF12 + TFF2 expression profile was 2.92 (p = 0.03) in the Validation and 1.29 (p = 0.39) in the Control set. Our «three-stage» hypothesis-generating study failed to validate the prognostic significance of a five-gene classifier in mCRC patients. Exploratory analyses suggest two gene signatures that are potentially associated with bevazicumab benefit in patients with advanced colon cancer

  2. Machine-Learning Research

    OpenAIRE

    Dietterich, Thomas G

    1997-01-01

    Machine-learning research has been making great progress in many directions. This article summarizes four of these directions and discusses some current open problems. The four directions are (1) the improvement of classification accuracy by learning ensembles of classifiers, (2) methods for scaling up supervised learning algorithms, (3) reinforcement learning, and (4) the learning of complex stochastic models.

  3. Children's Participation in Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brostrom, Stig

    2012-01-01

    In (post) modern society children are seen as active subjects and participants who have a legitimate basis in the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child. As a consequence of this, children are able to play an active role in the planning of/and participation in both education and research in their own preschool settings. This article

  4. Performance Analysis of Enhanced Clustering Algorithm for Gene Expression Data

    CERN Document Server

    Chandrasekhar, T; Elayaraja, E

    2011-01-01

    Microarrays are made it possible to simultaneously monitor the expression profiles of thousands of genes under various experimental conditions. It is used to identify the co-expressed genes in specific cells or tissues that are actively used to make proteins. This method is used to analysis the gene expression, an important task in bioinformatics research. Cluster analysis of gene expression data has proved to be a useful tool for identifying co-expressed genes, biologically relevant groupings of genes and samples. In this paper we applied K-Means with Automatic Generations of Merge Factor for ISODATA- AGMFI. Though AGMFI has been applied for clustering of Gene Expression Data, this proposed Enhanced Automatic Generations of Merge Factor for ISODATA- EAGMFI Algorithms overcome the drawbacks of AGMFI in terms of specifying the optimal number of clusters and initialization of good cluster centroids. Experimental results on Gene Expression Data show that the proposed EAGMFI algorithms could identify compact clus...

  5. Parental Expressed Emotion and Youth Psychopathology: New Directions for an Old Construct

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miklowitz, David J.

    2015-01-01

    Levels of parental expressed emotion (EE) are prospectively associated with the symptomatic course of a range of childhood psychiatric disorders. This article reviews the literature linking parental EE to youth psychopathology and proposes a novel framework for understanding its mechanisms of action. We find that, despite noteworthy methodological limitations, parental EE is linked consistently to a more deleterious course of mood, anxiety, and psychotic disorders in youth. Its mechanism of action is unknown. Models of “toxic family stress” (referring to frequent, sustained, and uncontrollable stress without protective influences) provide one framework for understanding how high EE environments interact with individual biological vulnerabilities to promote illness onset and recurrence. Research aimed at understanding biological responses (e.g., stress reactivity, arousal) to familial EE is needed. Such work may inform efforts to understand how EE affects the course of psychiatric disorders and may guide the development of novel interventions emphasizing emotion regulation strategies. PMID:25552241

  6. Parental Expressed Emotion and Youth Psychopathology: New Directions for an Old Construct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peris, Tara S; Miklowitz, David J

    2015-12-01

    Levels of parental expressed emotion (EE) are prospectively associated with the symptomatic course of a range of childhood psychiatric disorders. This article reviews the literature linking parental EE to youth psychopathology and proposes a novel framework for understanding its mechanisms of action. We find that, despite noteworthy methodological limitations, parental EE is linked consistently to a more deleterious course of mood, anxiety, and psychotic disorders in youth. Its mechanism of action is unknown. Models of "toxic family stress" (referring to frequent, sustained, and uncontrollable stress without protective influences) provide one framework for understanding how high EE environments interact with individual biological vulnerabilities to promote illness onset and recurrence. Research aimed at understanding biological responses (e.g., stress reactivity, arousal) to familial EE is needed. Such work may inform efforts to understand how EE affects the course of psychiatric disorders and may guide the development of novel interventions emphasizing emotion regulation strategies. PMID:25552241

  7. A Dynamical Systems Approach to the Development and Expression of Female Same-Sex Sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Lisa M

    2007-06-01

    Researchers have documented substantial variability in the development and expression of same-sex sexuality, especially among women, posing challenges to traditional linear developmental models. In this article, I argue for a new approach to conceptualizing the development and expression of female same-sex sexuality over the life course, based in dynamical systems theory. Dynamical systems models seek to explain how complex patterns emerge, stabilize, change, and restabilize over time. Although originally developed by mathematicians and physicists to model complex physical phenomena in the natural world, they have increasingly been applied to social-behavioral phenomena, ranging from motor development to cognition to language. I demonstrate the utility of this approach for modeling change over time in female same-sex sexuality, reviewing extant published research and also introducing data collected from an ongoing, 10-year longitudinal study of young nonheterosexual women. I provide evidence that female same-sex sexuality demonstrates the emblematic features of a dynamical system: nonlinear change over time, spontaneous emergence of novel forms, and periodic reorganizations and phase transitions within the overall system. I highlight the specific contribution of a dynamical systems perspective for understanding such phenomena and suggest directions for future study. PMID:26151957

  8. Health-Related Effects of Creative and Expressive Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Geoff

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of some health-related effects of creative and expressive writing. Design/methodology/approach: Reviews some of the main research studies exploring links between expressive writing and aspects of health, including two new experimental studies showing effects of poetry on mood and immune…

  9. Getting Going - Research by Design

    OpenAIRE

    Morrison, Andrew; Sevaldson, Birger

    2010-01-01

    Research by Design is the theme of this first special guest edited issue of FORMakademisk. In this issue we look into a growing domain of design research that takes up relations between practice and theory that are pertinent for inquiry in the interdisciplinary approaches and frameworks that are often central to research in design (Rust et al. 2005). As the articles gathered here show, this is research than spans a range of established and emerging areas and their methods and analyses. The ar...

  10. The Uranium Chemistry Research Unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article discusses the research work done at the Uranium Chemistry Research Unit of the University of Port Elizabeth. The initial research programme dealt with fundamental aspects of uranium chemistry. New uranium compounds were synthesized and their chemical properties were studied. Research was also done to assist the mining industry, as well as on nuclear medicine. Special mentioning is made of the use of technetium for medical diagnosis and therapy

  11. How the researcher’s experience of visual images can contribute to qualitative research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anne Maj

    2014-01-01

    In art and drawing children can visually articulate pre-reflexive phenomena such as feelings, emotions, experiences, intentions and engagement. Research can include children’s art and drawings to study such phenomena and how they can be articulated and thematized in non-verbal/visual articulation. The researcher’s pre-reflexive sensory and aesthetic experiences often contribute to the immediate interpretations of such data, but the studies often lack any reflection on how drawings aesthetically affect the researcher’s awareness or interest that could otherwise creatively provide material for the study. The aim of this article is to describe and discuss how the construct ‘aesthetic object’ may offer researchers an approach to non-verbal/visual articulation that can explicitly and creatively include the researcher’s sensory and aesthetic experiences in the knowledge production. Examples from studies that incorporate phenomenological and cultural psychological approaches and include children’s art are part of the article.

  12. The Utility of Article and Preposition Error Correction Systems for English Language Learners: Feedback and Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chodorow, Martin; Gamon, Michael; Tetreault, Joel

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we describe and evaluate two state-of-the-art systems for identifying and correcting writing errors involving English articles and prepositions. Criterion[superscript SM], developed by Educational Testing Service, and "ESL Assistant", developed by Microsoft Research, both use machine learning techniques to build models of article

  13. Question-Negotiation and Information Seeking in Libraries: A Timeless Topic in a Timeless Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyckoson, David A.

    2015-01-01

    It has been almost 50 years since Robert Taylor published his classic 1968 article, "Question-Negotiation and Information Seeking in Libraries," in "College & Research Libraries"; yet much of what that article discussed is as fresh today as it was back then. It has been identified as a classic because it has enduring themes…

  14. Statistical Techniques Used in Published Articles: A Historical Review of Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skidmore, Susan Troncoso; Thompson, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to provide a historical account and metasynthesis of which statistical techniques are most frequently used in the fields of education and psychology. Six articles reviewing the "American Educational Research Journal" from 1969 to 1997 and five articles reviewing the psychological literature from 1948 to 2001…

  15. Is There a Place within Academic Journals for Articles Presented in an Accessible Format?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garbutt, Ruth

    2009-01-01

    This article addresses some of the difficulties inherent in disseminating emancipatory research findings in academic journals in a way that is empowering to people with learning difficulties in the UK. It calls for academics to challenge the editorial criteria of academic journals to consider accepting articles written in a more accessible style.…

  16. Aspects of Theme in the Method and Discussion Sections of Biology Journal Articles in English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Iliana A.

    2003-01-01

    Analyzes the thematic structure of the method and Discussion section of biology research articles. A corpus of 30 journal articles was analyzed using the categories of systematic functional linguistics and a semantic categorization for unmarked themes realized by subject. Revealed differences in the semantic construction of the sections. (VWL)

  17. Using Google Scholar to Estimate the Impact of Journal Articles in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Aalst, Jan

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the potential of Google Scholar as an alternative or complement to the Web of Science and Scopus for measuring the impact of journal articles in education. Three handbooks on research in science education, language education, and educational technology were used to identify a sample of 112 accomplished scholars. Google…

  18. Facial Expression Recognition Using SVM Classifier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasanth P.C.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Facial feature tracking and facial actions recognition from image sequence attracted great attention in computer vision field. Computational facial expression analysis is a challenging research topic in computer vision. It is required by many applications such as human-computer interaction, computer graphic animation and automatic facial expression recognition. In recent years, plenty of computer vision techniques have been developed to track or recognize the facial activities in three levels. First, in the bottom level, facial feature tracking, which usually detects and tracks prominent landmarks surrounding facial components (i.e., mouth, eyebrow, etc, captures the detailed face shape information; Second, facial actions recognition, i.e., recognize facial action units (AUs defined in FACS, try to recognize some meaningful facial activities (i.e., lid tightener, eyebrow raiser, etc; In the top level, facial  expression analysis attempts to recognize some meaningful facial activities (i.e., lid tightener, eyebrow raiser, etc; In the top level, facial expression analysis attempts to recognize facial expressions that represent the human emotion states. In this proposed algorithm initially detecting eye and mouth, features of eye and mouth are extracted using Gabor filter, (Local Binary Pattern LBP and PCA is used to reduce the dimensions of the features. Finally SVM is used to classification of expression and facial action units.

  19. Expression of cloned ?6* nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingyi; Kuryatov, Alexander; Lindstrom, Jon

    2015-09-01

    Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) are ACh-gated ion channels formed from five homologous subunits in subtypes defined by their subunit composition and stoichiometry. Some subtypes readily produce functional AChRs in Xenopus oocytes and transfected cell lines. ?6?2?3* AChRs (subtypes formed from these subunits and perhaps others) are not easily expressed. This may be because the types of neurons in which they are expressed (typically dopaminergic neurons) have unique chaperones for assembling ?6?2?3* AChRs, especially in the presence of the other AChR subtypes. Because these relatively minor brain AChR subtypes are of major importance in addiction to nicotine, it is important for drug development as well as investigation of their functional properties to be able to efficiently express human ?6?2?3* AChRs. We review the issues and progress in expressing ?6* AChRs. This article is part of the Special Issue entitled 'The Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor: From Molecular Biology to Cognition'. PMID:25446669

  20. Voice recognition software can be used for scientific articles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Huang, Chenxi

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Dictation of scientific articles has been recognised as an efficient method for producing high-quality, first article drafts. However, standardised transcription service by a secretary may not be available for all researchers and voice recognition software (VRS) may therefore be an alternative. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the out-of-the-box accuracy of VRS. METHODS: Eleven young researchers without dictation experience dictated the first draft of their own scientific article after thorough preparation according to a pre-defined schedule. The dictate transcribed by VRS was compared with the same dictate transcribed by an experienced research secretary, and the effect of adding words to the vocabulary of the VRS was investigated. The number of errors per hundred words was used as outcome. Furthermore, three experienced researchers assessed the subjective readability using a Likert scale (0-10). Dragon Nuance Premium version 12.5 was used as VRS. RESULTS: The median number of errorsper hundred words was 18 (range: 8.5-24.3), which improved when 15,000 words were added to the vocabulary. Subjective readability assessment showed that the texts were understandable with a median score of five (range: 3-9), which was improved with the addition of 5,000 words. CONCLUSION: The out-of-the-box performance of VRS was acceptable and improved after additional words were added. Further studies are needed to investigate the effect of additional software accuracy training.